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Full text of "Synthetic organic chemicals"

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V. 5. STJPT. OF documents; 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC 



ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

United States Production 
and Sales, 1959 



[GPO CI. No. 
TC 1.9: 206] 



Report No. 206 
Second Series 




RECENT REPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION ON SYNTHETIC 

ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1954 (Rept. No. 196, 2d ser., 

1955), 60? 
*Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1955 (Rept. No. 198, 2d ser., 

1956) 
Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1956 (Rept. No. 200, 2d ser.. 

1957), 65? 

Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1957 (Rept. No. 203, 2d ser.. 
1958), 60? 

Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1958 (Rept. No. 205, 2d ser.. 

1959), $1.00 



MISCELLANEOUS SERIES 

United States Import Duties (1958), $3.00 (subscription price); $1.00 additional for foreign mailing 
Forty-third Annual Report of the United States Tariff Commission (1959), 50? 



NOTE. — The report preceded by an asterisk (*) is out of print. The other reports listed may be purchased from 
the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. See inside back cover 
for additional reports. All U.S. Tariff Commission reports reproduced by the Government Printing Office may be 
consulted in the official depository libraries throughout the United States. 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

United States Production 
and Sales, 1959 



UNDER THE GENERAL PROVISIONS 
OF TITLE III, PART II, SECTIONS 332 
AND 333 OF THE TARIFF ACT OF 1930 



UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1960 



Report No. 206 • Second Series 



Boston Public Library 
Superintendent of Documents 

JAN 1 3 1961 



DEPOSITORY 
UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Joseph E. Talbot, Chairman 

J. Ali.en Overton, Jr., Vice Chairman 

Walter R. Schreiber 

Glenn W. Sutton 

J. Weldon Jones 

William E. Dowling 

Donn N. Bent, Secretary 



Address all communications 

UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Washington 25, D.C. 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office 
Washington 25, D.C. - Price $1.00 



CONTENTS 



Introduction 
Summary -- 



APPENDIXES 



Page 



PART I. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF TARS, TAR CRUDES, AND CRUDES 
DERIVED FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS 

Tars 1 

Tar crudes 2 

Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion 4 

PART II. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF INTERMEDIATES AND FINISHED 
SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, BY GROUPS 

General " ' 

-- 10 

- 15 

26 



Cyclic intermediates 

Dyes 

Toners and lakes 

Medic inals 32 

Flavor and perfume materials 36 

Plastics and resin materials 

Rubber-processing chemicals 42 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) 

Plasticizers 

Surface-active agents 46 

Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals 50 

Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals 51 

PART III. ALPHABETICAL LIST OF INDIVIDUAL PRODUCTS, BY GROUPS, 
AND NAMES OF MANUFACTURERS 

Tar crudes 

Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion 60 

Cyclic intermediates "2 

Dyes - 84 

Toners and lakes 104 

Medicinals 108 

Flavor and perfume materials 121 

Plastics and resin materials 125 

Rubber-processing chemicals 127 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) 130 

Plasticizers 

Surface -active agents 

Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals 

Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals 144 

Directory of manufacturers 1"5 



130 
132 

140 



A. U.S. imports of coal-tar intermediates and finished coal-tar products 

B. Research workers and research expenditures in the synthetic organic chemical 

industry 

C. Glossary of synonymous names of cyclic intermediates 185 

D. Cross-reference list of Colour Index and common names of toners and lakes 203 



183 
185 



Introduction 

This is the forty-third annual report of the U.S. Tariff Commission on domestic production 
and sales of synthetic organic chemicals and the raw materials from which they are made. The 
report presents statistics for 1959 on production and sales of crude organic chemicals derived 
from coal, natural gas, and petroleum; of intermediates; and of finished synthetic organic chem- 
ical products. The finished products are grouped according to their principal use--dyes, toners 
and lakes, medicinals, flavor and perfume materials, plastics and resin materials, rubber- 
processing chemicals, elastomers, plasticizers, surface -active agents, pesticides and other 
organic agricultural chemicals, and miscellaneous chemicals. The use classifications of finished 
synthetic organic chemicals are based principally on the manufacturers' annual reports to the 
Tariff Commission; other sources include trade associations, the chemical literature, chemical 
dictionaries, encyclopedias, and consultants in the chemical industry. With a few exceptions, the 
report does not cover organic chemicals (such as wood-distillation products, essential oils, and 
naval stores) that are derived from natural (vegetable) sources by simple extraction or distilla- 
tion. The Commission has compiled the statistics presented in this report from information 
supplied by the 653 primary manufacturers listed in part III. 

This report incorporates a number of changes based on suggestions made by the Committee 
on Chemicals of the Advisory Council on Federal Reports. The most important of the changes in 
this year's report is the replacement of the numerical identification code previously used to 
identify manufacturers, by an alphabetical code. Each producing company has been assigned an 
identification symbol consisting of a combination of not more than three capital letters, selected 
in most instances with the approval of the manufacturer. The identification symbols are perma- 
nent and, except for such changes as may be necessary, will be used in all future reports in this 
series. Important changes first incorporated in the Commission's 1958 report and continued in 
this report include the larger format, certain revisions of the basic definitions, and adoption of 
the new Colour Index classification and terminology for dyes and toners and lakes. This report, 
like the 1958 report, includes data on only those individual chemicals for which the volume of 
production or sales in the year covered exceeded 1,000 pounds or for which the value of sales ex- 
ceeded $1, 000. 

The raw materials referred to in this report are obtained from coal, crude petroleum, 
natural gas, and certain other natural materials, such as vegetable oils, fats, rosin, and 
grains. Crude organic chemicals are derived from coal by thermal decomposition, from petro- 
leum and natural gas by catalytic cracking and by distillation or absorption, and from other 
natural sources by fermentation. Production of these crude organic chemicals is the first step 
in the manufacture of synthetic organic chemicals. From these crudes, intermediates are 
obtained by synthesis or refining; most of the intermediates are then converted into finished 
chemical products, such as medicinals, plastics and resin materials, and dyes. Intermediates 
usually are not sold directly to the ultimate consumer, but are used by the producing companies 
themselves--or by other industrial concerns--in their manufacturing processes. 

In this report, the statistics on production of the individual chemicals reported by manufac- 
turers include the total output of the companies' plants, i.e. , the quantities produced for con- 
sumption within the producing plants, as well as the quantities produced for sale. The quantities 
reported as produced, therefore, generally exceed the quantities reported as sold. Some of these 
differences, however, are attributable to changes in inventories. As specified in the reporting 
instructions that the Commission sends to manufacturers, and as used in this report, production 
and sales (unless otherwise specifically indicated) are defined as follows: 

Production is the total quantity of a commodity made available by original manufacture only. It is 
the sum (expressed in terms of 100-percent active ingredient unless otherwise specified) of the 
quantities of a commodity- - 

(1) Produced, separated, and consumed in the same plant or establishment (a com- 

modity is considered to be separated when it is isolated from the reaction system 
and/or when it is weighed, analyzed, or otherwise measured). Byproducts and 
coproducts not classified as waste materials are also included; 

(2) Produced and transferred to other plants or establishments of the same firm; 

(3) Produced and sold to other firms (including production for others under toll agree- 

ments 1 ); and 

(4) Produced and held in stock. 



1A toll agreement is an agreement between two firms, under which one firm furnishes the raw materials and pays the processing costs 
and the other firm prepares the finished product and returns it to the first firm. 



VI INTRODUCTION 

Production excludes- - 

(1) Purification of a commodity unless specifically requested in the reporting instruc- 

tions; 

(2) Intermediate products that are formed in the manufacturing process but are not 

isolated from the reaction system- -that is, not weighed, analyzed, or otherwise 
measured; and 

(3) Materials that are used in the process but are recovered for reuse or sale; and 

waste products that have no economic significance. 

Sales are defined as actual sales of commodities by original manufacturers only. Sales include-- 

(1) Shipments of commodities for domestic use and for export, or segregation in a 

warehouse when title has passed to the purchaser in a bona fide sale; 

(2) Shipments of a commodity produced by others under toll agreements; and 

(3) Shipments to subsidiary or affiliated companies. 

Sales exclude-- 

(1) All intracompany transfers within a corporate entity; 

(2) All sales of purchased commodities; and 

(3) All shipments of a commodity produced for others under toll agreements. 

The value of a sale is the net selling value, f.o.b. plant or warehouse, or delivered value, 
whichever represents the normal industry practice. 

Data on the chemicals covered in this report are usually given in terms of undiluted mate- 
rials. Products that assay 95 percent pure or more are considered to be 100 percent pure. The 
principal exceptions are the statistics on dyes and a few solvents, which are reported in terms 
of commercial concentrations; the statistics on certain plastics and resins, which are reported 
on a dry basis; and the data on sales of antibiotics, which are reported on the basis of specific 
conditions mentioned in the section on medicinals. The report specifically notes those products 
for which the statistics are reported in terms of commercial concentrations. 

The average unit values of sales for groups of products shown in the tables accompanying 
this report are weighted averages for products which vary widely in unit values and in the 
quantities sold. 

In this report, statistics are presented in as great detail as is possible without revealing 
the operations of individual producers. Statistics for an individual chemical or group of chem- 
icals are not given if there are fewer than three producers. Moreover, even when there are 
three or more producers, statistics are not given if there is any possibility that their publica- 
tion would violate the statutory provisions relating to unlawful disclosure of information 
accepted in confidence by the Commission. 2 

Statistics on tars and tar crudes include data furnished directly to the Tariff Commission 
by distillers of coal tar, water-gas tar, and oil-gas tar; data furnished to the Division of 
Bituminous Coal, U.S. Bureau of Mines, by coke-oven operators; and data furnished to the 
American Gas Association by producers of water-gas tar and oil-gas tar. 

Statistics on U.S. imports in 1959 of coal-tar intermediates and finished coal-tar products 
that entered under paragraphs 27 and 28 of the Tariff Act of 1930 are given in appendix A. 
Appendix B includes a table that shows the number of technically trained research workers in 
the synthetic organic chemical industry and the cost of research in the industry. Appendix C is 
a glossary of the common, or trivial, names of coal-tar intermediates usually encountered in 
the trade, together with their equivalent standard (or Chemical Abstracts) names. Appendix D is a 
cross-reference list of the Colour Index and common names of toners and lakes. 



1 Sec. 4(a), Federal Reports Act of 1942 (56 Stat. 1079, 5 U.S.C. 139b) and sec. 1, Public Law 685, 80th Cong., 2d sess. (62 Stat. 
791, 18 U.S.C. 1905). 



Summary 

Combined production of all synthetic organic chemicals, tars, tar crudes, and crude prod- 
ucts from petroleum and natural gas in 1959 was 89, 874 million pounds--12. 3 percent more than 
the output in 1958 (see table 1). Sales in 1959, which totaled 52,973 million pounds, valued at 
$7, 267 million, were 22. 3 percent larger than in 1958 in terms of quantity and 22. 1 percent 
larger in terms of value. Since these figures include data on production and sales of chemicals 
at several successive steps in the manufacturing process, they necessarily contain considerable 
duplication. 

In 1959, production of all synthetic organic chemicals, including cyclic intermediates and 
finished products, totaled 50, 315 million pounds, or 16. 3 percent more than the output in 1958. 
The production of plastics and resin materials (5,865 million pounds) was 29.8 percent larger in 
1959 than in 1958; that of elastomers (synthetic rubbers) (2,825 million pounds) was 28.3 per- 
cent larger; that of cyclic intermediates (8,459 million pounds) was 27.3 percent larger; and 
that of plasticizers (539 million pounds) was 28.9 percent larger. 

Production of all other groups of synthetic organic chemicals was also larger in 1959 than 
in 1958. Output of rubber-processing chemicals (210 million pounds) was 24.4 percent larger; 
that of toners and lakes (43 million pounds) was 20.6 percent larger; that of coal-tar dyes (170 
million pounds) was 21. 1 percent larger; that of miscellaneous chemicals (29,958 million pounds) 
was 10. 6 percent larger; that of surface -active agents (1, 504 million pounds) was 11.0 percent 
larger; that of pesticides and other agricultural chemicals (585 million pounds) was 8. 5 percent 
larger; that of flavor and perfume materials (50 million pounds) was 15.8 percent larger; and 
that of medicinal chemicals (107 million pounds) was 5. 1 percent larger. 



TABLE 1. --Synthetic organic chemicals and their raw materials: U.S. production and sales, 1958 and 1959 



Grand total 

Tar-- 

Tar crudes 

Crude products from petroleum 

and natural gas 

Synthetic organic chemicals, total' 

Intermediates 

Eyes 

Toners and lakes 

Msdicinals 

Flavor and perfume materials 

Plastics and resin materials 

Rubber-processing chemicals 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers)-- 

Plasticizers 

Surface-active agents 

Pesticides and other organic 

agricultural chemicals 

Miscellaneous chemicals 



Mi! lion 
pounds 
80,007 



6,979 
8,879 



20,903 
43,246 



6,643 

140 
35 

101 

44 

4,518 

169 
2,202 

418 
1,355 

539 
27,082 



Million 
pounds 
89,874 



6,690 
8,447 



24,422 
50,315 



8,459 

170 
43 

107 

50 

5,865 

210 
2,825 

539 
1,504 

585 
29,958 



Increase 
or 

decrease 
(-), 
1959 
over 
1958 1 



-4.1 
-4.9 



16.8 
16.3 



27.3 
21.1 
20.6 
5.1 
15.8 
29.8 
24.4 
28.3 
28.9 
11.0 

8.5 
10.6 



Quantity 



Million 
pounds 
43,309 



3,738 
5,653 



11,904 
22,014 



.2,646 

139 

28 

81 

40 

4,057 

123 

2,008 

356 

1,202 

467 
10,867 



Million 
pounds 
52,973 



3,497 
5,353 



16,599 
27,524 



3,511 

159 

33 

87 

45 

5,170 

159 

2,601 

477 

1,372 

503 
13,407 



Increase 
or 

decrease 
(-), 
1959 
over 
1958 1 



-6.4 
-5.3 



39.4 
25.0 



32.7 
14.1 
20.0 
7.2 
14.4 
27.4 
29.6 
29.5 
33.8 
14.1 

7.7 
23.4 



Million 

dollars 

5,953 



50 
157 



5,366 



439 
178 

53 
555 

52 
1,275 

80 
544 
111 
235 

196 
1,648 



Million 

dollars 

7,267 



6,498 



556 
206 

66 
582 

57 
1,640 
102 
693 
142 
271 

225 
1,958 



Percentages calculated from figures rounded to thousands. 
Revised to eliminate duplication insofar as possible. 



decrease 

(-), 
1959 
over 
1958 1 



-12.5 
-9.6 



53.5 
21.1 



26.6 
16.0 
22.9 
5.0 
8.4 
28.6 
27.6 
27.5 
27.9 
15.2 

14.9 
18.8 



PART I. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF TARS, TAR CRUDES, 
AND CRUDES DERIVED FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS 



Tars 



Coal tar is produced chiefly by the steel industry as a byproduct of the manufacture of coke; 
water-gas tar and oil-gas tar are produced by the fuel-gas industry. Production of coal tar, 
therefore, depends on the demand for steel; production of water-gas and oil-gas tar reflects the 
consumption of manufactured gas for industrial and household use. Water-gas and oil-gas tars 
have properties intermediate between those of petroleum asphalts and coal tars. Petroleum as- 
phalts are not usually considered to be raw materials for chemicals. 

The quantity of tar produced in the United States from all sources in 1959 was 669 million 
gallons, or 4. 1 percent less than the 698 million gallons produced in 1958. Of the total quantity 
produced in 1959, 654 million gallons was coal tar and 15 million gallons was water-gas and oil- 
gas tar (see table 2). 



TABLE 2. --Tar: U.S. production and consumption, 1958 and 1959 

[ In thousands of gallons ] 



PRODUCTION 
Total -- - - 

Water-gas and oil-gas tar 1 

Coal tar' from coke-oven byproduct plants, 2 total 

Plants not owned by city gas companies 

Plants owned by city gas companies (public utilities) 

CONSUMPTION 
Total - 

Tar consumed by distillation, total 

Water-gas and oil-gas tar distilled by producers and tar distillers 3 

Coal tar distilled or topped by coke-oven operators 2 

Coal tar distilled by tar distillers 4 

Tar consumed chiefly as fuel, total 

Water-gas and oil-gas tar consumed as fuel 5 

Coal tar sold or consumed as fuel by coke-oven operators 2 

Tar consumed otherwise than by distillation or as fuel, total 

Coal tar consumed at coke-oven plants for roads and upkeep 2 

Coal tar, water-gas tar, and oil-gas tar processed at tar refineries, crude tar 
consumed for upkeep at such refineries, and tar consumed in making gas and in 
special-purpose tar blends 5 



697,856 



28,540 
669,316 



663,228 
6,088 



683,689 



555,339 



18,561 
228,044 
308,734 



99,703 
28,647 



3,786 



24,861 



669,018 



15,290 
653,728 



648,838 
4,890 



670,585 



534,112 



10,400 
205,797 
317,915 



109,447 
27,026 



1,537 



25,489 



Reported to the American Gas Association. 

2 Reported to the U.S. Bureau of Mines. 

3 Reported to the U.S. Tariff Commission. 

4 Represents tar purchased from companies operating coke ovens and gas -retort plants and distilled by companies 
operating tar-distillation plants. 

5 Reported to the American Gas Association and to the U.S. Tariff Commission. 



Total consumption of tar in 1959 amounted to 671 million gallons, of which 534 million gal- 
lons was consumed by distillation, 110 million gallons as fuel, and 27 million gallons in miscel- 
laneous uses. 



2 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 

Tar Crudes 

Tar crudes are obtained from coke-oven gas and by distilling coal tar, water-gas tar, and 
oil-gas tar. The most important tar crudes are benzene, toluene, xylene, naphthalene, and 
creosote oil. Some of the products produced from coal tar are identical with those produced 
from petroleum and natural gas. Data for materials derived from these latter sources are, for 
the most part, included in or with the statistics for materials derived from coal tar, which are 
shown in tables 3 and 4A. 1 

Total domestic production of industrial and specification grades of benzene in 1959 amounted 
to 347 million gallons--20. 9 percent more than the 287 million gallons reported for 1958. These 
totals include data for benzene produced from domestic tars, from imported and domestic crude 
light oil, from domestic petroleum, and from imported motor-grade benzene. Sales of benzene 
in 1959 amounted to 330 million gallons, valued at $96 million, compared with 243 million gal- 
lons, valued at $79 million, in 1958. The output of toluene from all sources (including material 
produced for use in blending in aviation fuel) amounted to 282 million gallons--17. 5 percent 
more than the 240 million gallons reported for 1958. Sales of toluene in 1959 were 167 million 
gallons, valued at $33 million, compared with 137 million gallons, valued at $29 million, in 
1958. The output of xylene in 1959 (including that produced for blending in motor fuels) was 241 
million gallons, compared with 200 million gallons in 1958. More than 95 percent of the xylene 
produced in 1959 was obtained from petroleum sources. 

TABLE 3. --Tar and tar crudes: Summary of U.S. production and sales of specified products, 
average 1954-58, annual 1958 and 1959 1 



quantity 



Average 
1954-58 



Increase, or 
decrease (-) 



1959 
over 1954-58 



1959 
over 1958 



Tax: Production 2 - 
Benzene : 

Production 

Sales 

Value of sales- 
Toluene: 

Production 

Sales 

Value of sales- 
Xylene: 

Production 

Sales 

Value of sales- 
Naphthalene: 

Production 

Sales -- 

Value of sales- 
Creosote oil: 4 

Production 

Sales 

Value of sales- 



1,000 gal— 

1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 dol— 

1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 dol— 

1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 dol- 

1,000 lb— 
1,000 lb— 
1,000 dol— 

1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 dol— 



834,936 

304,585 

254,849 

92, 234 

191,087 
133,244 
34,737 

136,423 
81,498 
21,381 

407,237 

268, 09u 

15,907 

118,446 

114, 161 

5 23,952 



697,856 

287, 170 

243,308 

79,322 

239,595 
136,570 
29,085 

200,498 
95,113 
23,186 

345,085 

212,645 

13,528 

105,258 
103,987 
20,565 



669,018 

347, 118 

330,450 

96,191 

281,614 

166,809 

32,921 

241,467 
128,848 
28,494 

425,293 

266,510 

12,670 

90,437 
84,313 
17,958 



14.0 
29.7 
4.3 

47.4 
25.2 
-5.2 

77.0 
58.1 



4.4 

-.6 

-20.4 

-23.6 
-26.2 
-25.0 



20.9 
35.8 
21.3 

17.5 
22.1 
13.2 

20.4 
35.5 
22.9 



-14.1 
-18.9 
-12.7 



For details concerning statistics on tar crudes shown in this table, see table 4A. 

2 Includes data for oil-gas, water-gas, and gas-retort tar reported to the American Gas Association, and for coal 
tar reported to the Division of Bituminous Coal, U.S. Bureau of Mines. 

3 Includes data for material produced for use in blending motor fuels. 
* Quantity figures shown are on a 100-percent-creosote basis. 

5 Average is for 4 years — 1955-58, inclusive; data have been revised. 

Production of crude naphthalene in 1959 amounted to 425 million pounds, compared with 345 
million pounds in 1958. Sales of naphthalene in 1959 were 267 million pounds, valued at $13 
million, compared with 213 million pounds, valued at $14 million, in 1958. In 1959 the output of 
creosote oil (100-percent creosote basis), used principally in wood preserving, was 90 million 
gallons, compared with 105 million gallons in 1958. Production of road tar in 1959 was 66 million 
gallons, compared with 69 million gallons in 1958. 



1 See also table 4B, pt. HI, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers. 



TAR CRUDES 



TABLE 4A. — Organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of tar crudes, 1959 

[Listed below are all tar crudes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. Table 4B in pt. 
Ill lists separately all products for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufac- 
turers reporting to the U.S. Tariff Commission] 



of 
quantity 



Quantity 



Crude light oil: Coke-oven operators 

Intermediate light oil: Coke-oven operators 

Light-oil distillates: 

Benzene, specification and industrial grades, total- 
Tar distillers 2 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Toluene, all grades, total 3 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Xylene, all grades, total 3 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Solvent naphtha, total 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

All other light-oil distillates, total 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Pyridine crude bases (dry basis) 



Naphthalene, crude (tar distillers and coke-oven 

operators) , total* 

Solidifying at — 

Less than 74° C 

74-° C. to less than 76° C 

76° C. to less than 79° C— 



1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 

1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 



1,000 lb— 



213,036 
2,986 

347,118 

18,498 

119,831 

208,789 

281,614 

3,670 

26,964 

250,980 

241,467 

484 

7,524 

233,459 

7,834 

3,811 

4,023 

6,370 

2,723 

3,647 



425,293 



19,515 
3,026 

330,450 

9,055 

123,489 

197,911 

166,809 

3,366 

26,506 

136,937 

128,848 

447 

7,641 

120,760 

7,210 

3,419 

3,791 

5,065 

2,656 

2,409 

323 



266,510 



1,000 
dollars 
2,993 
535 

96,191 

2,694 

35,708 

57,789 

32,921 

882 

5,466 

26,573 

28,494 

152 

2,114 

26,228 

1,897 

886 

1,011 

892 

547 

345 

334 



12,670 



Crude tar-acid oils: 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators- 



Creosote oil (Dead oil) (tar distillers and coke-oven 

operators) (100$ creosote basis), total 5 

Distillate as such (100$ creosote basis) 

Creosote content of coal-tar solution (100$ creosote 
basis) 



1,000 lb— 
1,000 lb— 
1,000 lb— 



1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 



1,000 gal— 



All other distillate products 6 

Tar, road 

Tar (crude and refined) for other uses 7 

Pitch of tar: 

Soft and medium (water softening point less than 
110° F. , and 110° F. to 160° F. ASTM D61-24) — 

Hard (water softening point above 160° F. ) 

Pitch-of-tar coke and pitch emulsion 



1,000 gal- 

1,000 gal— 

1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 



1,000 tons- 
1,000 tons- 
1,000 tons- 



26,079 

18,190 

381,024 



787 
20,958 



90,437 



81,982 

8,455 

20,213 
66, 108 
28,798 



909 
619 
35 



26,673 

7,037 

232,800 



461 
21,159 



84 ,313 



729 

301 
11,640 



207 
4,416 



17,958 



76,052 

8,261 

12,152 
64,806 
21,468 



378 

539 

18 



15,487 
2,471 

2,546 

11,357 
4,419 



15,879 

23,078 

693 



Unit value per gallon, pound, or ton, as specified. 
2 Includes data for benzene produced from imported crude light oil. 

Includes data for material produced for use in- blending motor fuels. 
* Statistics represent combined data for the 3 commercial grades of naphthalene to avoid disclosure of individual 
company operations. Owing to conversion between grades, the figures may include some duplication. 

5 Statistics include data for only creosote oil sold for, or used in, wood preserving. 

6 Includes data for shingle-stain oil and neutral oils produced by tar distillers, and for crude sodium phenolate 
produced by coke-oven operators. 

' Includes data for tar used as paint, and for pipe covering, saturating, and other uses. 

Note. — Statistics for materials produced in coke and gas-retort ovens are compiled by the Division of Bituminous 
Coal, U.S. Bureau of Mines. Statistics for materials produced in tar and petroleum refineries are compiled by the 
U.S. Tariff Commission. 



h SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 

Some of the products included in the statistics in table 4A are derived from other products, 
data for which are also included in the table. The statistics, therefore, involve considerable 
duplication, and for this reason no group totals or grand totals are given. After duplication has 
been eliminated insofar as possible, it is estimated that the net value of production of these 
products and of tar burned as fuel was $360 million in 1959, compared with $343 million in 1958 
and $403 million in 1957. 

Crude Products From Petroleum and Natural Gas for Chemical Conversion 



Crude products that are derived from petroleum and natural gas are related to the inter- 
mediates and finished products made from such crudes in much the same way that crude prod- 
ucts derived from the distillation of coal tar are related to their intermediates and finished 
products. Many of the crude products derived from petroleum are identical with those derived 
from coal tar (e.g. , benzene, toluene, and xylene). Considerable duplication exists in the sta- 
tistics on the production and sales of petroleum crudes because some of these crude chemicals 
are converted to other crude products derived from petroleum and because data on some produc- 
tion and sales are reported at successive stages in the conversion processes (see table 5A 2 ). 
Notwithstanding these duplications, the statistics are sufficiently accurate to indicate trends in 
the industry and to serve as a basis for general comparison. Many of the crude products for 
which data are included in the statistics may be used either as fuel or as basic materials from 
which to derive other chemicals, depending on prevailing economic conditions. In this report, 
every effort has been made to exclude data on materials that are used as fuels. However, data 
are included on toluene and xylene, which are not used directly as fuels but in blending aviation 
and motor-grade gasolines. 



TABLE 5A. 



■ Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of crude products from petroleum and 
natural gas for chemical conversion, 1959 



[Listed below are the crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which any reported 
data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence 
and may not be published or where no data were reported. ) Table 5B in pt. Ill lists separately all products from 
petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which data on production or sales were reported and identi- 
fies the manufacturer of each] 



Quantity 



Value Unit value 1 



Grand total 

AROMATICS AND NAPHTHENES 2 
Total 

Alkyl aromatics, distillates, and solvents - 

Benzene (l° and 2°), total 

Benzene, 1° > 

Benzene, 2° 

Cresylic acid, crude 

Naphthenic acids, total 

Acid No. 225-249 

All other 

Toluene, all grades, total 

Nitration grade, 1 

Pure commercial grade, 2° 

All other 3 

Xylenes, mixed, total 

Three- and five-degree 

All other 3 — 

All other aromatics and naphthenes* 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 
24,421,700 



1,000 
pounds 
16,598,504 



1,000 
dollars 

582,914 



pound 



$0.035 



6,749,827 



4,913,739 



132,880 



1,629,831 
1,530,423 



993,435 
536,988 



37,- 
19,843 



1,543,895 
1,450,688 



4,486 
15,357 



1,817,095 



1,059,867 
390,821 



20,440 
12,277 



19,350 

57,789 



43,017 
14,772 



779,878 
499,915 
537,302 



4,368 
7,909 



991,424 



721,567 

241,838 

28,019 



491 
924 



26,573 
19,076 



■ 040 
.041 
.038 



.115 
.112 
.117 



440,906 
1,242,333 



31,508 



265,364 
605,316 



24,335 



6,488 
1,009 

26,228 



8,108 
18,120 



1,031 



■ 027 
.026 
.027 
.036 



■ 030 
.031 
.030 



2 See also table 5B, pt. in, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers. 



CRUDE PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS 

TABLE 5A. —Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of crude products from petroleum and 
natural gas for chemical conversion, 1959 — Continued 



Quantity 



Unit value 1 



ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS 

Total ■ 

Methane 

C2 hydrocarbons, total 

Ethane 

Ethylene 

C 3 hydrocarbons, total 

Propane 

Propane -propylene mixture 

Propylene 

C^ hydrocarbons, total 

1,3-Butadiene, grade for rubbers (elastomers) 5 

Butadiene and butylene fractions 

n-Butane 

1-Butene and 2-butene mixture 6 

Isobutane 

Isobutylene 

All other 7 - 

C 5 hydrocarbons 8 

All other aliphatic hydrocarbons and derivatives, total 

Di- isobutylene 

1-Dodecene (Tetrapropylene) 

Nonene (Tripropylene) 

Polybutene 

Hydrocarbon derivatives 9 

All other 10 - - 



1.000 
pounds 
17,671,873 



1,000 
pounds 
11,684,765 



1,000 
dollars 
450,034 



Per 
pound 

$0,004 



5,789,638 



690, 582 
5,099,056 



5,488,679 



45,450 
3,143,601 



2,971,630 

364,268 

2,152,781 

4,698,230 



202,373 
2,941,228 



4,209,635 



149,851 



1,678 
148,173 



55,602 



1,816,122 
559,782 
510,001 

1,054,433 
228,135 
309,822 
219,935 

100,452 

1,594,874 



2,790,253 

363,974 

1,055,408 

3,128,646 



25,899 
447,145 
122,859 

43,358 

7,684 

947,929 



1,095,564 
152,598 
325,682 
887,242 
239,907 
227,124 
200,529 

85,412 

1,072,021 



21,951 
295,672 
92,181 
43,375 
6,686 
612,156 



32,567 
4,320 
18,715 

201,334 
146,891 
3,672 
3,538 
29,574 
4,494 
7,393 
5,772 

3,048 

39,583 



.014 

.048 
7308" 
.050 



.013 
.012 
.012 
.018 



1,515 
9,193 
3,527 
4,473 
1,846 
19,029 



■ 064 
.134 
.024 
.011 
.033 
.019 
.033 
.029 



■ 037 
.069 
.031 
.038 
.103 
.276 
.031 



1 Calculated from rounded figures. 

2 The chemical raw materials designated as aromatics are in some cases identical with those obtained from the 
distillation of coal tar. However, the statistics given in the above table relate only to such materials as are 
derived from petroleum and natural gas. Statistics on aromatic chemicals from all sources are given in table 4A. 

3 Includes materials used as solvents and those blended in aviation and motor gasolines. 

* Includes data for 90-percent benzene, sodium cresylate, l,4-methano-2,5-cyclopentadiene, mixed pyridines, sodium 
carbolate and phenate, and miscellaneous cyclic hydrocarbons. 

5 In 1959 all butadiene was produced in privately owned plants. For some years prior to 1956, separate statistics 
are available on butadiene production for private account and for Government account. 

6 The statistics represent principally the butene content of crude refinery gases from which butadiene is manu- 
factured. 

7 Includes data for 1 -butene, 2-butene, n-butylene, and mixed olefins. 

8 Includes data for isoprene, pentanes, pentenes, and mixtures. 

9 Includes data for di-tert-butyldisulfide, miscellaneous mercaptans, and aliphatic acids. 

10 Includes data for acetylene, hexanes, heptanes and heptenes, octanes, eicosane, and hydrocarbon mixtures. The 
total production of acetylene for chemical processing from all sources in 1959, as reported by the U.S. Bureau of 
the Census, amounted to 707,908 thousand pounds (acetylene production figures converted from cubic feet to pounds 
as follows: 1 cu. ft. weighs 0.06897 lb. at 60° F. and 1 atmosphere pressure). 



The output of crude products derived from petroleum and natural gas as a group amounted 
to 24,422 million pounds in 1959, or 16.8 percent more than the 20,903 million pounds reported 
for 1958. The larger output in 1959 is accounted for chiefly by the increase in the production of 
ethylene, benzene, propylene, and 1 , 3-butadiene. Sales of crude chemicals from petroleum in 
1959 were 16, 599 million pounds, valued at $583 million, compared with 11, 904 million pounds, 
valued at $380 million, in 1958. 



5 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 

The output of all aromatic and naphthenic products amounted to 6, 750 million pounds in 
1959, compared with 5, 285 million pounds in 1958. Sales in 1959, which amounted to 4, 914 mil- 
lion pounds, valued at $133 million, were 1, 502 million pounds larger, and valued at $35 million 
more, than those in 1958. Benzene, toluene, and xylene were produced from petroleum sources 
in substantially greater quantities in 1959 than in 1958, and production of naphthenic acids was 
4.6 percent larger. The output of 1° and 2° benzene from petroleum amounted to 1, 530 million 
pounds in 1959--46.9 percent more than the 1,042 million pounds produced in 1958. The output 
of toluene in 1959 was 1, 817 million pounds--21. percent more than the 1, 501 million pounds 
produced in 1958. Production of xylene was 1,683 million pounds in 1959, compared with 1,381 
million pounds in 1958. These figures include toluene and xylene used in blends in aviation and 
motor-grade gasolines. The output of naphthenic acids amounted to 20 million pounds in 1959, 
compared with 19 million pounds in 1958. Production of cresylic acid in 1 959 — 38 million 
pounds--was slightly smaller than production in 1958. 

Production of all aliphatic hydrocarbons and derivatives from petroleum and natural gas 
was 17,672 million pounds in 1959, compared with 15,619 million pounds in 1958. Sales of these 
products were 11,685 million pounds, valued at $450 million, in 1959, compared with 8,492 
million pounds, valued at $282 million, in 1958. The statistics on production and sales of 
acetylene (footnote 10, table 5A) include only acetylene produced from calcium carbide and from 
natural gas and used as a raw material in the production of other chemicals; they exclude acety- 
lene used for welding and cutting. Total production of acetylene (principally from calcium car- 
bide), as reported to the U.S. Bureau of the Census, amounted to 708 million pounds in 1959, 
compared with 589 million pounds in 1958 (see footnote 10, table 5A, for conversion factor). 
Production of ethylene was 5, 099 million pounds in 1959, or 22. 9 percent more than the 4, 149 
million pounds produced in 1958. The output of the C3 hydrocarbons, propane, propylene, and 
propane-propylene mixture, was 5,489 million pounds in 1959--9.0 percent more than the 5,036 
million pounds produced in 1958. Production of 1 , 3-butadiene, one of the principal ingredients 
of S-type synthetic rubber, was 1,816 million pounds in 1959, compared with 1,443 million 
pounds in 1958. The output of 1, 3-butadiene in 1959 was not only 25.9 percent larger than that 
in 1958, but was the largest on record. 



PART II. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF INTERMEDIATES AND 
FINISHED SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, BY GROUPS 



General 



On the basis of their principal uses, the synthetic organic chemicals covered in this report 
are classified either as intermediates or as finished products. Finished products, in turn, are 
grouped as follows: Dyes, toners and lakes, medicinals, flavor and perfume materials, plastics 
and resin materials, rubber -processing chemicals, elastomers (synthetic rubbers), plasticizers, 
surface -active agents, pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals, and miscellaneous 
synthetic organic chemicals. Most of these groups are further subdivided, according to chemical 
classes, into cyclic and acyclic compounds. As most of the intermediates are used in the manu- 
facture of finished products, aggregate figures that cover both intermediates and finished prod- 
ucts necessarily include much duplication. 

Total production of synthetic organic chemicals (intermediates and finished products com- 
bined) in 1959 was 50, 315 million pounds, or 16. 3 percent more than the output in 1958 (see 
table 6). Sales totaled 27,524 million pounds, valued at $6,498 million, in 1959, compared with 
22, 014 million pounds, valued at $5, 366 million, in 1958. Production of all cyclic products 
(intermediates and finished cyclic products combined) in 1959 totaled 16, 372 million pounds, or 
23.9 percent more than the 13,212 million pounds produced in 1958. In 1959 the output of acyclic 
organic chemicals was 33, 943 million pounds, or 13. percent more than the 30, 034 million 
pounds produced in 1958. 

TABLE 6. —Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of U.S. production and sales of intermediates and finished 
products, average 1954-58, annual 1958 and 1959 

[Production and sales In thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



Average 
1954-58 



Increase, or 
decrease (-) 



1959 

over 

1954-58 



1959 
over 
1958 



Organic chemicals, cyclic and acyclic, 
grand total: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Cyclic, total: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic, total: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

1. Intermediates, Cyclic 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

2. Dyes, Cyclic 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

3. Toners and Lakes, Cyclic 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



38,177,048 
19,930,760 
4,932,136 



12,227,714 
7,508,396 
2,453,399 



25,949,334 
12,422,364 
2,478,737 



6,160,060 

2,376,065 

412,366 



149,110 
142,848 
174,208 



39,717 
32,659 

57,254 



43,245,989 

22,014,099 

5,366,116 



13,211,501 
8,145,535 
2,594,467 



30,034,488 

13,868,564 

2,771,649 



6,643,003 

2,646,482 

438,978 



139,936 
139,290 
177,465 



35,377 
27,758 
53,410 



50,314,692 

27,524,428 

6,498,314 



16,372,032 
10,245,044 
3,111,095 



33,942,660 
17,279,384 
3,387,219 



8,459,308 

3,511,311 

555,695 



169,503 
158,939 
205,873 



42,675 
33,309 
65,634 



31.8 
38.1 
31.8 



33.9 
36.4 
26.8 



30.8 
39.1 
36.7 



37.3 
47.8 
34.8 



13.7 
11.3 
18.2 



7.4 
2.0 
14.6 



16.3 
25.0 
21.1 



23.9 
25.8 
19.9 



13.0 
24.6 
22.2 



27.3 
32.7 
26.6 



21.1 
14.1 
16.0 



20.6 
20.0 
22.9 



i SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 

TABLE 6. —Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of U.S. production and sales of intermediates and finished 
products, average 1954-58, annual 1958 and 1959 —Continued 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



Average 
1954-58 



Increase, or 
decrease (-) 



1959 

over 

1954-58 



4. Medlcmals 

Cyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

5. Flavor and Perfume Materials 

Qyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

6. Plastics and Resin Materials 

Cyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

7. Rubber -Processing Chemicals 

Cyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value : 

8. Elastomers (Synthetic Rubbers) 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

9. Plasticizers 

Cyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



63,162 

49,782 

473,501 

23,663 
21,472 
32,008 



24,726 
20,439 
31,574 

17,408 
17,085 
21,490 



1,963,619 

1,627,060 

440,908 

1,916,826 

1,778,329 

676,244 



139,924 

105,946 

65,177 

25,872 
20,297 
13,472 



1,605,412 

1,505,188 

359,838 

472,169 
460,564 
183,476 



296,154 

242,560 

70,702 

98,580 
84,571 
32,690 



70,038 

51,750 

518,438 

31,353 
29,655 
36,226 



24,999 
20,941 
31,498 

18,433 
18,759 
20,748 



2,102,506 

1,767,464 

468,716 

2,415,122 

2,289,318 

806,191 



144,246 
103,151 
67,260 

24,734 
19,528 
12,596 



1,752,541 

1,553,744 

361,597 

449,409 
454,273 
182,122 



312,225 

265,102 

75,946 

105,719 
90,817 
35,150 



73,180 

57,526 

548,234 

33,417 
29,776 
33,976 



29,684 
24,251 
34,489 

20,624 
21,147 
22,147 



2,646,178 

2,200,013 

605,881 

3,218,709 
2,970,389 
1,034,174 



177,722 
134,329 
85,815 

32,492 
24,673 
16,063 



2,212,757 

2,006,179 

463,117 

612,582 
594,450 
230,022 



403,114 

361,742 

98,306 

135,720 
114,687 
43,765 



15.9 
15.6 
15.8 

41.2 
38.7 



20.1 

18.6 

9.2 

18.5 

23.8 

3.1 



34.8 
35.2 
37.4 

67.9 
67.0 
52.9 



27.0 
26.8 
31.7 

25.6 
21.6 



37.8 
33.3 
28.7 

29.7 
29.1 
25.4 



36.1 
49.1 
39.0 

37.7 
35.6 
33.9 



GENERAL 

TABLE 6. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of U.S. production and sales of intermediates and finished 
products, average 1954-58, annual 1958 and 1959 — Continued 

[ Production and sales in thousands of pounds ; sales value in thousands of dollars ] 



Average 
1954-58 



Increase, or 
decrease (-) 



1959 
over 

1954-58 



1959 
over 
1958 



10. Surface-Active Agen 

Cyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



11. Pesticides and Other 
Organic Agricultural Chemicals 

Cyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

12. Miscellaneous 

Cyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



730,789 
674,710 
122,229 

422,299 

374,691 

94,941 



422,637 
338,674 
128,590 

86,668 
71,437 
36,284 



632,404 
392,465 
117,052 

22,885,849 
9,593,918 
1,388,132 



846,322 
764,668 
125,123 

508,752 
437,872 
110,249 



444,870 
377,745 
147,689 

94,526 
88,941 
48,460 



695,438 
427,440 
128,347 

26,386,440 

10,439,401 

1,519,907 



936,063 
895,229 
139,348 

567,996 
476,948 
131,774 



468,833 
409,580 
172,492 

116,613 
93,272 
52,977 



753,015 
452,636 
136,211 

29,204,507 

12,954,042 

1,822,321 



28.1 
32.7 
14.0 

34.5 
27.3 
38.8 



10.9 
20.9 
34.1 

34.6 
30.6 
46.0 



19.1 
15.3 
16.4 



11.6 
8.9 



5.4 

8.4 

16.8 

23.4 
4.9 
9.3 



8.3 
5.9 
6.1 

10.7 
24.1 
19.9 



The following tabulation shows, by chemical groups, the number of companies that reported 
production in 1959 of one or more of the chemicals included in the groups listed in table 6: 



Hvmber 

& ■ 

Chemical group companies 

Intermediates 157 

Dyes - 50 

Toners and lakes 4 5 

Medicinals — -- 110 

Flavor and perfume materials 48 

Plastics and resin materials 222 



Hunber 
of 
Chemical group companies 

Rubber-processing chemicals 31 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) 24 

Plasticizers — "" 53 

Surface -active agents - 152 

Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals 76 

Miscellaneous chemicals 261 



569056 O - 60 ■ 



IO 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



Cyclic Intermediates 

Cyclic intermediates are synthetic organic chemicals derived principally from coal-tar 
crudes produced by destructive distillation (pyrolysis) of coal and from petroleum and natural 
gas. Most cyclic intermediates are used in the manufacture of more advanced synthetic organic 
chemicals and finished products, such as dyes, medicinals, elastomers (synthetic rubbers), 
pesticides, and plastics and resin materials. Some intermediates, however, are sold as end 
products without further processing. For example, refined naphthalene may be used as a raw 
material in the manufacture of 2-naphthol or of other more advanced intermediates, or it may 
be packaged and sold as a moth repellent or as a deodorant. In general, the way in which the 
greater part of the output of a given chemical is consumed determines its use classification in 
this report. Table 7A 1 gives statistics on production and sales of cyclic intermediates in 1959. 
Individual statistics given in the table represent more than 80 percent of the total quantity of 
intermediates produced. Since many of the intermediates included in the statistics represent 
successive steps in production, the totals necessarily include considerable duplication. In 1959 
about two-fifths of the total output of cyclic intermediates was sold; the rest was consumed 
chiefly by the producing plants in the manufacture of more advanced intermediates and finished 
products. 

Total production of cyclic intermediates in 1959--8.459 million pounds--was the largest on 
record, and was 27.3 percent larger than the 6,643 million pounds reported for 1958. The 
larger output of cyclic intermediates in 1959 was attributable to increased demand by a number 
of industries that consume large quantities of intermediates, particularly those industries that 
produce rubber-processing chemicals, elastomers, and plasticizers. Sales of cyclic intermedi- 
ates in 1959 amounted to 3,511 million pounds, valued at $556 million, compared with 2,646 
million pounds, valued at $439 million, in 1958. In terms of quantity, sales of cyclic intermedi- 
ates in 1959 were 32.7 percent larger than those in 1958 and, in terms of value, 26.6 percent 
larger. 

TABLE 7A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of cyclic intermediates, 1959 

[Listed below are all cyclic intermediates for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data 
were reported.) Table 7B in pt. Ill lists alphabetically all cyclic Intermediates for which data on production or 
sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each. Appendix C lists alphabetically all the important 
common names of cyclic intermediates usually encountered in the trade and gives the corresponding standard 
(Chemical Abstracts) name under which data are presented in tables 7A and 7B] 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 1 



Total 

Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown 

Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below 

Acetanilide, tech 

4'-Aminoacetanilide (Acetyl-p-phenylenediamine) 

5-Amino-2-(p-aminoanilino)benzenesulfonic acid 

2-(p-Aminoanilino)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

1-AminoanthraquInone and salt 

2-Aminoanthraquinone and salt 

6-Amino-3,4'-azodi(benzenesulfonic acid) 

L-Amino-4- benzamidoanthraquinone 

l-Amino-5-benzamidoanthraquinone 

6-(p-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid 

2-Amino-p-benzenedisulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

l-Amino-4-bromo-2-anthraquinonesulfonic acid and sodium salt- 

l-Amino-5-chloroanthraquinone 

l-Amino-8-chloroanthraquinone 

2-Amino-3-ehloroanthraquinone 

o-( 3- Amino-4-chlorobenzoyl) benzoic acid 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 
!,459,308 



1.000 

pounds 

3,511,311 



1.000 
dollars 
555,695 



1,662,205 
6,797,103 



847,568 
2,663,743 



191,787 
363,908 



•4,187 
375 
14 
42 
920 
827 
47 
43 
121 
41 
30 
162 
72 
48 
34 
89 



4,198 



1,259 



Per 
pound 
$0.16 



.23 

.14 



1 See also table 7B, pt. HI, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers; appendix A, which shows imports 
of intermediates and related products during 1957-59; and appendix C, which is a glossary of synonymous names of cyclic intermediates. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES I.I 

TABLE 7A. —Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of cyclic intermediates, 1959-- Continued 



Sales 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 1 



2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

l-Amino-2,4-dibromo anthraquinone 

4'-Amino-2 ',5 '-diethoxybenzanilide 

2-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

6-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino I acid) 

7-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino G acid) 

2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Tobias acid) 

5-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Laurent's acid) 

5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonlc acid (1,6-Cleve's acid) 

5(and 8)-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Cleve's acid, mixed) — 

6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Broenner's acid) 

8- Amino- 1- naphthalene sulfonic acid (Peri acid) 

8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (1,7-Cleve's acid) 

8-Amino-2-naphthol 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid (H acid), monosodium salt- 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonic acid (Chicago acid) (2S acid), 

monosodium salt 

l-Amino-2-naphthol-4- sulfonic acid (1,2,4-acid) 

6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (J acid) and sodium salt 

7- Amino- l-naphthol-3- sulfonic acid (Gamma acid), sodium salt 

2-Amino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

2-Amino-4-nitrophenol 

3'- and 4' -Aminooxanilic acid 

2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulfonic acid 

p-(p-Aminophenylazo)benzenesulfonic acid 

2-(p-Aminophenyl)-6-methyl-7-benzothiazolesulfonic acid and salt- 

4-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

5-Amino-2-(p-toluidino)benzenesulfcinic acid 

Aniline (Aniline oil) — ■ 

Anilinomethanesulfonic acid and salt 

8- Aniline- 1-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Phenyl peri acid) 

6-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Phenyl J acid) 

7-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Phenyl gamma acid) 

o-Anisidine 

o-Anisidinomethanesulfonic acid 

Anthranilic acid (o-Aminobenzoic acid) 

Anthraquinone, 100# ' 

1,5-Anthraquinonedisulfonic acid and salt 

2,6-Anthraquinonedisulfonic acid and salt 

1-Anthraquinonesulfonic acid and salt 

N,N / -(l,5-Anthraquinonylene)dlanthxanilic acid 

Anthrarufin (1,5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 

Benzaldehyde, tech 

1-Benzamido- 5 -chloro anthraquinone 

7H-Benz[de]anthracen-7-one'(Benzanthrone) 

Benzenesulfonyl chloride 

Benzidine hydrochloride and sulfate 

o-Benzoylbenzolc acid 

3,3'-Bianthra[l,9]pyTrole-6,6'(2H,2'H)-dione ( Pyrazoleanthrone 

yellow) 

[4,4'-Bi-7H-benz[de] anthracen] -7, 7'-dione 

i,A-BiB[l-anthraquinonylamino]anthraquinone 

4,4'-Bls[dijiiethylaminoJbenzophenone (Michler's ketone) 

3-Bramo-7H-benz [de] anthracen- 7-one (Bromobenzanthrone) 

l-Bromo-A-methylaminoanthraquinone 

6-Bromo-3-methyl-7H-dibenz[f,ij']isoquinoline-2,7(3H)-dione 

m-ChloroaniLine and hydrochloride — — 

o-Chloroaniline 

1-Chloroanthraquinone 

2-Chloroanthraquinone 

o-Chlorobenz aldehyde -__— — ..... — ..... 

Chlorobenzene, mono- ...----— —-.--— —-.——— —.---««----- 

o-(p-Chlorobenzoyl) benzoic acid 

5- Chloro-2,4-dliiiethoxy aniline 

l-Chloro-2,4-dlnitrobenzene (Dinitrochlorobenzene) 

6-Chlorametanilic acid 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 

990 

138 

40 

23 

1,117 

701 

3,238 

136 

257 

368 

103 

469 

253 

125 

2,999 

82 

2,038 

667 

566 

32 

109 

23 

122 

199 

56 

261 

28 

130,126 

234 

255 

36 

23 

1,212 

161 

252 

1,359 

581 

235 

1,822 

29 

212 

2,175 

56 

1,367 

448 

1,157 

4,493 

16 
288 

99 
141 
197 

27 

12 
921 

228 

588 

274 

562,070 

1,404 

101 

7,581 

23 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



338 



pound 
$0.93 



42 
244 



40 
45,468 

" 38 

529 
164 



2,145 



102 
220 



37 

7,623 

83 

400 
177 



2.43 
.90 



.92 

.17 

2.18 

.76 
1.08 



369 
256 



88,858 



640 
129 



6,162 



.74 

.50 



12 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 

TABLE 7 A. —Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of cyclic intermediates, 1959— Continued 



Chemical 



l-Chloro-2-methylanthraquinone 

2-Chloro-4-nitroaniline (o-Chloro-p-nitroaniline) 

4-Chloro-2-nitroaniline (p-Chloro-o-nitroaniline) 

l-Chloro-5-nitroanthraquinone — 

l-Chloro-2( and 4) -nitrobenzene (Chloronitrobenzenes, o- and p-)— 

4-Chloro-3-iiltrobenzenesulfonamide 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid and eodium salt 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

o-(4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzoyl) benzoic acid 

2-Chloroquinizarin 

a-Chlorotoluene (Benzyl chloride) 

4-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=1] and hydrochloride 

5-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=1] and hydrochloride 

4-Chloro-2,5-xylenesulfonyl chloride 

Cresols, total 2 

o- and p-Cresols 

(m,p) -Cresol, total 

From coal tar 

From petroleum 

(o,m,p) -Cresol 3 

Cresylic acid, refined, total 2 

From coal tar 

From petroleum 

Cumene 

Cyclohexane 

Cyclohexanol 

Cyclohexylamine 

p-Cymene 

1,4-Diaminoanthraqulnone 

2,6-Diaminoanthraquinone 

4,8-Diaminoanthrarufin 

4,4 / -Diamino-2,2'-stilbenedlsulfonic acid 

4,6-Diamino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

A,5'-Dibenzamido-l,l'-iminodianthraquinone 

1,5-Dibenzoylnaphthalene 

3,9-Dibromo-7H-benz[de] anthracen-7-one 

2,5-Dichloroaniline and hydrochloride [NH 2 =l] 

1,5-Dichloroanthraquinone 

l,5(and l,8)-Dichloroanthraquinone 

1, 8-Dichloroanthraquinone 

o-Dichlorobenzene 

o(and p) -Dichlorobenzene 

p-Dichlorobenzene 

3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine base and salts 

2,5-Dichlo:rcH4-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenestilfonic 

acid 

2, 6-Dichloro-4-nitro aniline 

2,5-Dichlorosulfanllic acid [S03H=1] 

m-Diethylaminophenol (N,N-Diethyl-3-aminophenol) 

N,N-Diethylaniline 

4,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Chromotropic acid) 

6,7-Dihydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

16,17-Dihydroxyviolanthrone (Dihydroxydibenzanthrone) 

3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine 

N,N- Dime thy lani line 

N,N- Dime thy lbenzylamine 

2,2'-Dimethyl-l,l'-bianthraquinone 

p-( 2, 4-Dinitroani lino) phenol 

2,4-Dinitrophenol, tech 

4,4'-Dinitro-2,2'-8tilbenedlsulfonic acid- 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Production 



1,000 
oaunds 

136 

412 

448 

89 

7,031 

89 

270 

102 

76 

109 

30 

20, 106 

37 

438 

58 

55,775 



16,017 
24,138 
10,986 
13,152 
15,620 

62,325 



Sales 



Quantity 



1,000 
pounds 



33,714 
28,611 

213,598 
387,697 

4,321 

109 

126 

7 

1,209 

16 

146 

178 

122 

262 

55 

36 

67 

27,449 

20,504 

58,146 

1,488 

143 

19 

42 

213 

1,186 

74 

416 

224 

615 

8,105 

41 

84 

41 

598 

2,256 



6,478 
" - 312 



44,271 



13,777 
16,481 
7,382 
9,099 
14,013 

45,714 



1,000 
dollars 



27,810 
17,9P4 



4,895 

2,188 

814 



20,615 
19,187 
45,867 



867 

"383 

426 

5,174 

9 



1,490 
351 

8,130 



4,319 
2,029 
937 
1,092 
1,782 

4,942 



3,220 

1,722 



1,217 
914 
156 



2,050 
1,150 
4,626 



483 

1,020 

824 

1,393 

14 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 13 

TABLE 7 A. --Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of cyclic intermediates , 1959 — Continued 



Chemical 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 1 



l,4-Di(p-toluldino)anthraquinone 

Dodecylbenzene* 

N-Ethylaniline, refined 

2-(N-Ethylanllino)ethanol 

a-(N-Ethylanilino)-p-toluenesulfonie acid 

Ethylbenzene 

o-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid (o-Sulfobenzaldehyde) 

Hexachlorobenzene 

p-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid (B.O.N.) 

ljl'-IminobisU-aminoanthraquinone] 

l,l'-Iminobis ,5-benzamldoanthraquinone] 

6,6'-Iminobis t l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid] 

l,l'-Iminobis[4-nitroanthraquinone] — 

l,l'-Iminodianthraquinone (Dianthrlmide) 

Isocyanic acid, 4-methyl-m-phenylene ester 

4,4'-Isopropylidenediphenol (Bisphenol A) 

Isoviolanthrone ( Isodibenzanthrone) 

Leuco-l,4-diaminoanthraquinone ~ « 

Leuco qulnizarin (1,4,9,10-Anthratetrol) 

Leuco tetrahydroxyanthraquinone 

Metanilic acid (m-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid) 

4-lfethoxymetanilic acid 

2-Methyl-l-nitroanthraquinone 

p-(3-]yfethyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonie acid- 

3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one (Developer Z) 

a-Methylstyrene 



Naphthalene, solidifying at 79° C, or above (refined flake), total 

From domestic crude naphthalene 

From imported crude naphthalene 



1,5-Naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

2,7-Naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

2-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid (R acid) and disodium salt 

2-Naphthol-6,8-disulfonic acid (G acidj and disodium salt 

l-Naphthol-4-sulfonic acid (Nevile & Winther's acid) 

2- Naphthol-6- sulfonic acid (Schaeffer's acid) 

l-Naphthol-8-sulfonic acid sultone (1,8-Naphthosultone) 

Naphth[l,2] oxadiazole-5-sulfonic acid 

2-( Naphthylthio) acetic acid 

m-Nitroaniline 

A-Nitro-o-anisidine [NH 2 =1] — 

5-Nitro-o-anisidlne [NH 2 =1] 

l-Nitro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid — — 

5-Nitro-l-anthraqulnonesulfonic acid 

Nitrobenzene 

m-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid and salt 

m- and p-Nitrobenzoic acids 

3-Nitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=11 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S0 3 H=1] 

5-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH 2 =11-:-- - 

2-Nitro-p-toluidine LNH 2 =1J 

16-Nitroviolanthrone 

Nitroxylenes, mixed 

Nonylphenol 

l-(7-0xo-7H-benz [del anthracen-3-ylamino) anthraquinone 

1, l'-( 7-0xo-7H-benz tde] anthracen-3, 9-ylenediimino) dianthraquinone- 
5-0x6- l-(p-sulf ophenyl) -2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid 

(Pyrazolone T) 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 

75 

493,997 

402 

70 

401 

1,422,556 

164 

724 

163 

3,752 

121 

62 

7 

84 

108 

30,738 

43,792 

66 

214 

106 

53 

1,789 

5 

112 

102 

378 

20,610 

72,400 
28,347 
44,053 

210 

50 

1,503 

1,708 

183 

473 

17 

1,177 

104 

201 

133 

748 

40 

86 

172,133 

1,472 

650 

276 

3,730 

337 

1,573 

47 

545 

35,917 

257 

195 

22 



pounds 
447,722 



22 

965 



1,989 



23,975 
23,346 



7,029 
38,253 



12,945 
25,308 



6,897 
1,386 



86 
706 



11,424 



1,000 
dollars 



44,728 



54 
233 



2,039 



18,184 
6,366 



4,699 
1,678 
3,021 



756 
564 



118 
872 



2,3W 



14 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 

TABLE 7 A. —Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of cyclic intermediates, 1959— Continued 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 1 



Phenol, total 2 

Natural, total 

From coal tar, total 

82*-84£- - 

Other 

From petroleum 

Synthetic, total 

From cumene 

Other synthetic 

l-Phenol-4-sulfonic acid 

Phenylacetic acid (o-Toluic acid) 

Phenylacetic acid, potassium salt 

Phenylacetonitrile (a-Tolunitrile) 

p-Phenylazoaniline (p-Aminoazobenzene) and hydrochloride — 

m-Phenylenediamine 

o-Phenylenedi amine 

p-Phenylenediamine 

2,2'-(Phenylimino)diethanol (Phenyldiethanolamine) 

Phthalic anhydride 

Phthalic anhydride residue 

Phthalimide 

Picolines, total 5 

2-Picoline (a-picoline)— - 

All other 

Piperidine 

2° Pyridine 5 — 

Quinaldine 

Quinizarin 

Salicylic acid, tech 

Styrene, all grades 

4-Sulfoanthranilic acid 

1,4,5,8-Tetrachloroa.nthraguinone 

1,4-,5,8-Tetrakisri' .l",l'" ,l"" -anthraquinonylamino]- 

anthraquinone (Pentanthramide) 

3,3'-Thiobis[7H-benz[de]anthracen-7-one] 

4-(o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine (o-Aminoazotoluene) 

2,2'-(m-Tolylimino)diethanol 

6,6'-Ureylenebis[l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid] (J acid urea) 

Veratraldehyde (3,4-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde) 

Violanthrone (Dibenzanthrone) 

o- Xylene 

p-Xylene 

Xylenols (not classified as to b.p.) 

Xylidine (original mixture) 



1.000 
pounds 
691,987 



1.000 
pounds 
414,264 



1,000 
dollars 
59,860 



40,005 
32,180 
3,692 
28,488 
7,825 
651,982 
137,658 
514,324 

3,968 
338 

1,387 

1,192 
176 

1,141 
491 

515 

357,871 

658 

1,940 

2,234 



40,594 
32,993 
4,446 
28,547 
7,601 
373,670 
114,293 
259,377 

3,156 

1,303 
342 

553 

95 

448 



"89T 
1,343 

308 

2,175 

29 

1,115 

1,571,311 
10 
32 



545 
36 
359 

430 

61,722 

157,966 

153 

520 



5,639 

4,506 

609 

3,897 

1,133 

54,221 

16,235 

37,986 

585 

474 
172 

598 

145 
610 

42,085 



1,365 



350 
1,015 



1,275 

39 

572 

105,751 



21,589 
19 



Per 
pound 



.14 
.1A 
.14 
.14 
.15 
.15 
.1A 
.15 



1 Unit values calculated from rounded figures. 

2 Includes data for coke ovens and gas-retort ovens, reported to the Division of Bituminous Coal, U.S. Bureau of 
Mines, and for tar and petroleum refineries and other producers reported to the U.S. Tariff Commission. 

3 Includes some mixed cresols. Figures include (o,m,p)-cresol from coal tar and from petroleum. 
* Includes keryl-type benzenes. 

5 Includes data for coke ovens and gas-retort ovens, reported to the Division of Bituminous Coal, U.S. Bureau of 
Mines, and for tar refineries and other producers reported to the U.S. Tariff Commission. 

In 1959, production of two of the largest volume intermediates exceeded 1 billion pounds for 
the fourth successive year. The output of styrene totaled 1,571 million pounds (28. 4 percent mure 
than in 1958) and that of ethylbenzene , 1 , 423 million pounds (20. 9 percent more than in 1958). 
Ethylbenzene is used almost entirely in the manufacture of styrene, which, in turn, is used al- 
most entirely in the manufacture of plastics materials and synthetic rubber. Other large -volume 
intermediates the output of which was substantially larger in 1959 than in 1958, were mono- 
chlorobenzene (44.9 percent larger), phenol (36.7 percent), cumene (20.4 percent), phthalic 
anhydride (18.8 percent), cyclohexane (17 percent), and naphthalene (17. 1 percent). Production 
of dodecylbenzene in 1959 was only slightly smaller than that in 1958. Statistics on the produc- 
tion of ortho-xylene (62 million pounds in 1959) are given separately for the first time in this 
r jport. 



DYES 15 

Dyes 

Dyes are synthetic organic chemicals derived from cyclic intermediates. About three- 
fourths of the dyes consumed in the United States are used by the textile industry to dye natural 
and synthetic fibers or fabrics; the rest are used chiefly by the industries that produce organic 
pigments, paper, and leather. Of the several thousand different synthetic dyes that are known, 
more than two thousand are manufactured by one or more domestic producers. The large num- 
ber of dyes results from the many different types of materials to which dyes are applied, the 
different conditions of service for which dyes are required, and the costs that a particular use 
can bear. Dyes are sold as pastes, powders, lumps, and solutions; concentrations vary from 6 
percent to 100 percent. The concentration, form, and purity of a dye is determined largely by 
the use for which it is intended. 

Table 8A* shows U.S. production and sales of dyes in 1959, total and by individual dyes, 
using the new Colour Index classification and terminology, which was used for the first time in the 
1958 report. Dyes for which individual statistics are given in the table represent 56 percent of 
the total quantity produced. 

Total domestic production of dyes in 1959 amounted to 170 million pounds, or 21. 1 percent 
more than the 140 million pounds produced in 1958 and 18.5 percent more than the 143 million 
pounds produced in 1957. Sales of dyes in 1959 amounted to 159 million pounds, valued at $206 
million, compared with 139 million pounds, valued at $177 million, in 1958. In terms of quan- 
tity, sales of dyes in 1959 were thus 14. 1 percent larger than those in 1958 and, in terms of 
value, 16. percent larger. 

TABLE 8A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of coal-tar dyes, 1959 



Listed below are all coal-tar dyes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders 
are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were re- 
ported. ) Table 8B in pt. Ill lists all dyes for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies 
the manufacturer of each] 



Eye 



Quantity 



Unit 

-lue 1 



Grand total- 



Total- 



Acid yellow dyes, total - 

Acid yellow 3 

Acid yellow 11 

Acid yellow 17 

Acid yellow 23 

Acid yellow 36 

Acid yellow 40 

Acid yellow 42 

Acid yellow 44 

Acid yellow 54 

Acid yellow 73 

Acid yellow 99 

All other 



Acid orange dyes, total- 
Acid orange 7 

Acid orange 8 

Acid orange 10 

Acid orange 24 

Acid orange 74 

All other 



Acid red dyes, total - 

Acid red 1 

Acid red 4 

Acid red 12 



1.000 
pounds 
169,503 



16,236 



1,919 



66 
213 
336 

311 
52 

23 
73 
138 



2,528 



"527" 
396 
331 
457 



2,797 



398 
78 

Z5 



ounds 
158,939 



15,257 



1,641 



49 

70 

186 

288 

305 

51 

30 

16 

54 

50 

75 

467 



872" 
402 
323 
439 



2,234 



77 



1,000 
dollars 
205,873 



28,373 



3,481 



174 

177 

387 

570 

388 

146 

57 

52 

119 

116 

154 

1,141 

3,150 



665 
365 
420 
604 

1,096 



334 
138 



pound 



$1.30 



2.12 



3.55 
2.53 
2.08 
1.98 
1.27 
2.86 
1.90 
3.25 
2.20 
2.32 
2.05 
2.44 

1.28 



.76 
.91 

1.30 
1.38 

2.58 



1^08 
1.79 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2 See also table 8B, pt. Ill, which lists these products and Identifies the manufacturers, and appendix A (table 24), which shows Im- 
port* of dyes during 1957-59. 



|6 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 

TABLE 8A. —Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of coal-tar dyes, 1959— Continued 



Eye 



ACID DYES— Continued 

Acid red dyes — Continued 

Acid red 14 

Acid red 17 

Acid red 18 

Acid red 26 

Acid red 37 

Acid red 73 

Acid red 85 

Acid red 87 

Acid red 88 

Acid red 89 

Acid red 115 

Acid red 137 

Acid red 151 

Acid red 167 

Acid red 182 

Acid red 183 

Acid red 186- — — 

All other 

Acid violet dyes, total 

Acid violet 1 

Acid violet 7 

Acid violet 12 

Acid violet 43 

Acid violet 49- - 

All other 

Acid blue dyes, total 

Acid blue 7 

Acid blue 9 

Acid blue 22 

Acid blue 25 

Acid blue 40 - — 

Acid blue 43 - 

Acid blue 45 - 

Acid blue 59 

Acid blue 78 

Acid blue 90 - - 

Acid blue 113 

Acid blue 120 - 

Acid blue 158 and 158A 

All other 

Acid green dyes, total 

Acid green 3 

Acid green 9 

Acid green 16 

Acid green 20 

Acid green 25 

Acid green 50 

All other 

Acid brown dyes, total 

Acid brown 14 

All other - - • 

Acid black dyes, total 

Acid black 1 - • 

Acid black 24 - 

Acid black 26, 26A, and 26B 





Production 


Sales 




Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value 1 




1,000 
pounds 

104 

173 
165 
40 
362 
151 
254 
173 
42 
28 
177 

34 

9 
584 

444 


1,000 
pounds 

87 
60 
138 
150 
29 
333 
121 

160 
38 
21 

138 
28 
23 

15 

14 

494 

414 


1,000 

dollars 

119 

75 

141 

176 

67 

670 

189 

231 
61 
30 

422 
61 
46 

65 

42 

1,231 

878 


Per 
pound 
$1.37 




1.25 




1.02 




1.17 




2.31 




2.01 




1.56 








1.44 




1.61 




1.43 




3.06 




2.18 




2.00 








4.33 




3.00 




2.49 




2.12 




41 
70 
31 

81 
221 

2,833 


41 
58 
21 
11 
82 
201 

2,780 


67 
77 
30 
38 
177 
489 

7,858 


1.63 




1.33 




1.43 




3.45 




2.16 




2.43 




2.83 




90 
586 

42 
40 

26 
651 

57 

18 

375 

948 
560 


73 
569 

50 
13 
24 

622 
16 
47 
14 

368 
22 

221 

741 

500 


233 
720 

269 

59 

124 

2,070 

53 
248 
181 
494 

34 

732 

2,641 

1,204 


3.19 




1.27 








5.38 




4.54 




5.17 




3.33 




3.31 




5.28 




12.93 




1.34 




1.55 




3.31 




3.56 




2.41 




164 
27 
51 
30 

165 
39 
84 

625 


139 
24 
41 
28 

164 

104 
587 


171 
102 
162 
59 
431 

279 

1,255 


1.23 




4.25 




3.95 




2.11 




2.63 








2.68 




2.14 




312 
313 

4,530 


305 
282 

4,641 


398 
857 

6,449 


1.30 




3.04 




1.39 




1,819 
117 


1,929 
128 
223 


2,183 
193 
349 


1.13 




1.51 




1.56 







See footnotes at end of table. 



DYES 17 

TABLE 8A. —Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of coal-tar dyes, 1959 — Continued 



Eye 



Production 



Quantity 



ACID DYES- -Continued 



Acid black dyes- -Continued 

Acid black 48 

All other 



AZOIC DYES AND COMPONENTS 

Azoic Compositions 

Total 

Azoic yellow 2 

Azoic orange 3 

Azoic red dyes, total 

Azoic red 1 

Azoic red 2 

Azoic red 6 

Azoic red 15 

Azoic red 16 

All other 

Azoic violet 1 

Azoic blue dyes, total 

Azoic blue 2 

Azoic blue 3 

All other 

Azoic brown dyes, total 

Azoic brown 9 

All other 

Azoic black dyes 

All other azoic compositions- 



Azoic Diazo Components, Bases (Fast Color Bases) 
Total - 

Azoic diazo component 4, base — 

Azoic diazo component 5, base -- 

Azoic diazo component 13, base--- — — — — 

Azoic diazo component 20, base 

Azoic diazo component 28, base 

Azoic diazo component 32, base — 

All other azoic diazo components, bases — --— -. 



Azoic Diazo Components, Salts (Fast Color Salts) 

Total— 

Azoic diazo component 1, salt 

Azoic diazo component 3, salt 

Azoic diazo component 5, salt 

Azoic diazo component 8, salt — -- — -— - — ---- .— 

Azoic diazo component 9, salt 

Azoic diazo component 11, salt 

Azoic diazo component 12, salt 

Azoic diazo component 13, salt-- — 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 

35 
2,559 



2,691 



175 

45 

308 

25 

105 



44 

52 

142 



159 
146 



1,214 
182 



1,551 



2,444 



1,000 
pounds 

40 
2,321 



2,476 



167 
62 

194 
11 
23 
84 



60 
62 

135 



113 
134 



1,200 
151 



1,434 



2,466 



1,000 
do I lars 

206 
3,518 



3,851 



215 
78 

291 
18 
40 

173 



63 

81 
160 



«2~ 
153 



1,759 
213 



1,947 





38 


46 




7 


19 


620 


598 


588 




21 


112 




88 


212 


166 


175 


268 


765 


507 


702 



2,667 



24 


20 


25 


307 


301 


231 


93 


96 


116 


76 


70 


68 


282 


267 


171 


46 


38 


103 


170 


155 


156 


437 


429 


302 



18 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 

TABLE 8A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of coal-tar dyes, 1959— Continued 



rye 



AZOIC DYES AND COMPONENTS— Continued 
Azoic Diazo Components, Salts (Fast Color Salts)--Contimed 



Azoic diazo component 20, salt 

Azoic diazo component 28, salt 

Azoic diazo component 36, salt 

Azoic diazo component 42, salt 

Azoic diazo component 48, salt 

All other azoic diazo components, salts 



Azoic Coupling Components (Naphthol AS and Derivatives) 

Total- 

Azoic coupling component 2 

Azoic coupling component 3 

Azoic coupling component 4 — 

Azoic coupling component 5 

Azoic coupling component 7 

Azoic coupling component 11 

Azoic coupling component 13 

Azoic coupling component 14 

Azoic coupling component 17 

Azoic coupling component 18 ; 

Azoic coupling component 20 

Azoic coupling component 21 

Azoic coupling component 29 

Azoic coupling component 34-- 

Azoic coupling component 35 

All other azoic coupling components 

BASIC DYES 

Total - - 

Basic yellow 2 

Basic orange dyes, total 

Basic orange 1 

Basic orange 2 

All other - - - - — 

Basic red 2 

Basic violet 1 

Basic violet 3 

Basic violet 4 

Basic violet 10 

Basic blue dyes, total 

Basic blue 1 r 

Basic blue 5 

Basic blue 7 

Basic blue 9 

Basic blue 26 

All other 

Basic green 1 

Basic green 4 



Production 



1,000 


1,000 




1,000 


pounds 


pound 




dollars 


26 




28 


83 


367 




363 


443 


107 




110 


200 






13 


33 


146 




139 


152 


363 




437 


584 



2,441 



8,054 



Quantity 



221 

95 

201 

1,417 

890 

74 

178 

929 



179 

419 

77 

230 

74 
393 



2,464 



546 


584 


558 


8 


11 


38 


10 


18 


34 


44 


56 


172 


614 


644 


1,143 




6 


19 




35 


167 


57 


54 


108 


170 


110 


206 


381 


417 


539 


56 


61 


127 


36 


41 


74 


17 


21 


47 


14 


11 


24 


31 


48 


188 


457 


347 


1,406 



6,579 



530 
819 



~20T 

527 

87 

165 

901 
829 



135 

350 

78 

202 



4,850 



15,006 



1,152 



1,049 

1 214 

514 

321 

482 

1,318 

1,778 

222 

676 

2,351 



488 
721 
229 
756 

235 
1,048 



See footnotes at end of table. 



DYES 19 

TABLE 8A. -- Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of coal-tar dyes, 1 959— Continued 



Dye 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



BASIC DYES— Continued 

Basic brown 1 

Basic brown 4 

All other basic dyes 

DIRECT DYES 

Total — 

Direct yellow dyes, total 

Direct yellow 4 

Direct yellow 5 

Direct yellow 6 

Direct yellow 11 

Direct yellow 12 

Direct yellow 28 

Direct yellow 29 

Direct yellow 44 

Direct yellow 50 

Direct yellow 59 

All other 

Direct orange dyes, total 

Direct orange 1 

Direct orange 8 

Direct orange 15 

Direct orange 26 

Direct orange 29 

Direct orange 34 

Direct orange 37 

Direct orange 72 

Direct orange 73 

Direct orange 81 

All other 

Direct red dyes, total 

Direct red 1 

Direct red 2 

Direct red 10 

Direct red 13 

Direct red 16 

Direct red 23 

Direct red 24 

Direct red 26 

Direct red 28 

Direct red 31 

Direct red 37 

Direct red 39 

Direct red 75 

Direct red 79 

Direct red 80 

Direct red 81 

Direct red 83 , 

Direct red 84 

Direct red 122 

Direct red 123 

Direct red 127 and 127A- - 

Direct red 149 

Direct red 153 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 

300 

730 

1,457 



26,711 



4,418 



312 
131 
1,077 
808 
485 
197 
67 
302 
187 
106 
746 

1,557 



11 

132 

228 

41 

56 

80 

72 

82 

90 

83 

682 

3,183 



112 

599 

24 

54 

27 

296 

242 

99 

155 

16 

103 

43 

26 

265 
230 



10 

813 



pounds 



239 

681 
946 



25,903 



3.833 
318" 
119 
937 
674 
368 
183 

69 
275 
173 

71 
646 

1,531 



9 
131 
221 
30 
76 
72 
58 

116 

71 

747 

2,999 



101 

536 

19 

58 

23 

292 

210 

87 

158 

14 

97 

33 

23 

144 

273 

186 

44 

17 

42 

19 

13 

11 



1.000 
dollars 

293 

823 

3,579 



37,981 



6,996 



640 
517 

1,365 
756 
866 
310 
95 
485 
338 
93 

1,531 

3,440 



26 

152 
242 
65 
174 
159 
147 

387 

221 

1,867 

6,531 

140 

824 

27 

96 

40 

621 

428 

213 

169 

50 

239 

90 

84 

328 

583 

486 

83 

35 

301 

46 

42 

39 

18 

1,549 



See footnotes at end of table. 



20 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 

TABLE 8A. --Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of coal-tar dyes, i959--Continued 



rye 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



DIRECT DYES- -Continued 

Direct violet dyes, total 

Direct violet 1 

Direct violet 9 

All other 

Direct blue dyes, total r- 

Direct blue 1 

Direct blue 2 

Direct blue 6 

Direct blue 8 

Direct blue 14 

Direct blue 15 

Direct blue 22 

Direct blue 24 

Direct blue 25 

Direct blue 26 

Direct blue 67 

Direct blue 71 

Direct blue 76 

Direct blue 78 

Direct blue 80 

Direct blue 86 

Direct blue 98 

Direct blue 120 and 120A 

Direct blue 126 

Direct blue 151--'— - 

All other 

Direct green dyes, total 

Direct green 1 

Direct green 6 

Direct green 38 

All other 

Direct brown dyes, total 

Direct brown 1 

Direct brown 2 

Direct brown 6— — --- — 

Direct brown 31 

Direct brown 74 

Direct brown 95 

Direct brown 111 

Direct brown 154 

All other 

Direct black dyes, total 

Direct black 4 

Direct black 22 

Direct black 37 

Direct black 38 

Direct black 51 

Direct black 78 ' 

Direct black 80 

All other 

DISPERSE DYES 

Total 

Disperse yellow dyes, total 

Disperse yellow 3 



1,000 
pounds 



13 
56 
48 

5,297 



"234- 

2,173 

395 

73 

136 

46 

35 

36 

34 
59 
83 
77 
50 

523 

146 
79 

128 
36 

954 

1,159 



-2TS" 

533 



2,231 



13J 
328 

51 
101 

61 
647 
122 
218 
370 

8,749 



"SCO" 

543 

19 

5,884 

154 

139 

1,003 

707 



6,901 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



13 
49 
55 

5,279 



206 
2,188 

440 
57 

140 
32 
28 
24 
44 
21 
25 
57 
79 
74 
66 

470 

141 
89 

L36 
40 

922 

1,085 



T69" 

538 

10 

368 

2,207 



T70" 

312 

48 

94 

57 

627 

98 

219 

382 

8,852 



309 

478 

19 

5,993 

159 

1,038 
856 



6,647 



26 

132 
197 

7,208 



T5T 
2,000 
235 

96 
113 

35 

50 

32 
128 

33 
103 
164 

98 
213 

95 
912 
226 
194 
289 

52 
1,683 

2,055 



190 

586 

39 

1,240 

2,873 



327 
432 

51 
242 

80 
431 
340 
262 
708 

8,523 



285 
383 
23 
4,972 
339 

1,046 
1,475 



13,810 



738 



285 



1,730 



564 



See footnotes at end of table. 



DYES 



21 



TABLE 8A. Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of coal-tar dyes, 1959— Continued 



Dye 



Quantity 



DISPERSE DYES— Continued 

Disperse yellow dyes — Continued 

Disperse yellow 33 

All other 

Disperse orange dyes, total 

Disperse orange 3 

Disperse orange 5 

Disperse orange 17 

All other 

Disperse red dyes, total 

Disperse red 1 

Disperse red 5 « 

Disperse red 13 

Disperse red 15 

Disperse red 17 

All other - 

Disperse violet dyes, total 

Disperse violet 1 

Disperse violet 4 

All other 

Disperse blue dyes, total 

Disperse blue 1 

Disperse blue 3 

Disperse blue 7 

All other 

Disperse black 9 

All other disperse dyes 

FIBER-REACTIVE DYES 

Total - 

FLUORESCENT BRIGHTENING AGENTS 

Total 

Fluorescent brightening agent 68 — . 

All other fluorescent brightening agents 

FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC DYES 
Total - 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Colors 
Total - ■ 

Blue No. 1 

Red No. 1 

Red No. 2 - ■ 

Red No. 3 

Yellow No. 5 - 

Yellow No. 6 - — 

All other food, drug, and cosmetic colors 

Drug and Cosmetic Colors 

Total - - ■ 

Orange No. 4 



1,000 
pounds 

67 
363 

389 



47 

31 
169 

142 

1,087 



146" 
64 
17 

113 
74 

673 



42 
46 
175 

2,786 



1ST 
783 



1,842 



1,090 
571 



7,050 



107 
6,943 



2,112 



1,836 



1,000 
pounds 



51 
392 



52 

48 
133 

131 

1,068 
13T 
57 
26 
98 
63 
670 



2,587 



167 

667 

127 

1,626 

1,175 
2 645 



6,910 



67 
6,843 



2,028 



1,779 



1,000 
dollars 
91 
1,075 

650 



89 

97 

146 

318 

2,540 

236" 

66 

39 

218 

90 

1,891 



101 
132 



6,537 



626 
1,111 

726 
4,074 

1,013 
1,107 



16,887 



751 
16,136 



9,341 



7,360 



35 


36 


459 


58 


82 


461 


389 


392 


1,268 


24 


24 


425 


348 


321 


1,040 


485 


401 


1,344 


497 


523 


2,363 



1,881 



32 



See footnotes at end of table. 



22 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I9S9 

TABLE 8A. —Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of coal-tar dyes, 1959-- Continued 



Eye 



Sales 



Quantity 



FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC DYES— Continued 
Drug and Cosmetic CoIors--'Contirued 

Red No. 7 - 

Red No. 11 - 

Red No. 19 - 

Red No. 21 - — 

All other drug and cosmetic colors except external- 
Drug and Cosmetic Colors, External 

Total - 

MORDANT DYES 
Total - 

Mordant yellow dyes, total 

Mordant yellow 1 

Mordant yellow 5 

Mordant yellow 8 

Mordant yellow 10 

Mordant yellow 16 

Mordant yellow 20 

All other - 

Mordant orange dyes, total 

Mordant orange 1 

Mordant orange 6 

All other 

Mordant red dyes, total 

Mordant red 3 

Mordant red 7 

Mordant red 9 

All other 

Mordant violet 5 

Mordant blue 1 

Mordant blue 9 

Mordant green dyes, total 

Mordant green 36 

All other 

Mordant brown dyes, total 

Mordant brown 1 

Mordant brown 19 

Mordant brown 33-- 

Mordant brown 40 

All other 

Mordant black dyes, total 

Mordant black 1 

Mordant black 5 

Mordant black 9 

Mordant black 11 

Mordant black 13 

Mardant black 17 

Mordant black 38 

All other 

All other mordant dyes-- 



pounds 





1,000 


1,000 




pounds 


dollars 


6 


7 


22 


6 






27 


23 


98 


48 


45 


158 


167 


156 


1,571 



6,655 



243 



28 

265 



53 
107 

3,786 
112 

1,275 

25 

205 

18 



6,250 



232 

~IT 

19 
13 
6 
25 
11 
116 



136 

12 
76 
26 
186 

5,126 



43 
92 
85 

3,549 
80 

1,133 

19 

125 

11 



~4T 
46 
34 
6 
38 
12 
190 

253 

~lT 

28 

151 



128 

32 

282 

14 

126 

15 



263 

32 
129 

75 
470 

6,248 



64 

205 

148 
4,272 

221 

1,080 

52 

206 

36 



pound 



See footnotes at end of table. 



DYES 23 

TABLE 8A. —Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of coal-tar dyes, 1959— Continued 



Dye 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 1 



SOLVENT DYES 

Total- 

Solvent yellow dyes, total 

Solvent yellow 2 

Solvent yellow 3 

Solvent yellow 14 

All other 

Solvent orange dyes, total 

Solvent orange 3 

Solvent orange 7 

All other 

Solvent red dyes, total 

Solvent red 24 

Solvent red 26 

Solvent red 49 

All other 

Solvent violet dyes 

Solvent blue 4 

Solvent green dyes, total 

Solvent green 1 

Solvent green 3 

All other 

Solvent brown dyes 

All other solvent dyes 

SULFUR DYES 

Total — 

Sulfur red 1 

Sulfur red 6 

Sulfur blue 5 

Sulfur blue 7 

Sulfur green 2 

Sulfur black 1 

All other sulfur dyes 

VAT DYES 

Total - 

Vat yellow dyes, total 

Vat yellow 2, 8-1/2$-- 

Vat yellow 4, 12-1/2$- - 

Solubilized vat yellow 4, 37-1/2$-- 
All other 

Vat orange 1, 20$- 

Solubilized vat orange 1, 26$ 

Vat orange 2, 12$ 

Vat orange 5, 10$-- 

Vat orange 9, 12$- 

Vat orange 15, 10$ 

Vat red dyes, total 

Vat red 1, 13$ 

Vat red 10, 18$ - 

Vat red 13, 11$ - 

Vat red 35, 12-l/2$- 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 
7,228 



1,167 



900 
204 



15" 

132 
199 

1,145 



716 
278 



217 
73 



33 
4,205 



31,776 



47,395 



3,049 



1,768 
768 



292 
532 
402 
582 



762 

112 

39 

37 

286 



1,000 
pounds 
6,402 



36 
675 
177 



TT 
147 
171 



"484 

238 

20 

121 

196 

54 



10 

30 

5 

36 
3,921 



30,941 



42,959 



2,676 



1,473 
672 



214 
7 
284 
388 
168 
608 



1,039 

638 

110 

66 



1,000 
dollars 
9,468 



1,776 



96 

56 

790 

834 



— 23" 
250 
368- 



848 
392 
130 
413 

393 

208 



ST 

161 
25 

121 
4,295 



8,653 



63 




49 


41 


57 




65 


122 






20 


28 


335 




234 


203 


25 




23 


39 


1,949 


1 


727 


552 


29,347 


28 


823 


7,668 



43,416 



3.872 



1,448 

944 

87 

1,393 

329 
56 
660 
599 
436 
1,079 

2,556 



1,139 
491 
194 



See footnotes at end of table. 



24 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 
TABLE 8A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of coal-tar dyes, 1959 — Continued 



Dye 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 1 



VAT DYES- -Continued 

Vat violet dyes, total 

Vat violet 1, 11%- - 

Vat violet 2, 20%- - 

Vat violet 3, 15%- 

Vat violet 9, 12%- 

Vat violet 13, 6 -1/4 it- 

Vat violet 17, 12-l/2?t- 

All other 

Vat blue dyes, total 

Vat blue 1, 20it- 

Vat blue 4, 10%-— - 

Vat blue 5, 16%- 

Vat blue 6, 8-l/3%- 

Solubilized vat blue 6, 17-l/2%- — 

Vat blue 14, 8-1/3%-- 

Vat blue 18, 13%- - 

Vat blue 20, 14%- - — 

All other 

Vat green 1, 6% 

Solubilized vat green 1, 12-l/2% 

Vat green 3, 10% 

Solubilized vat green 3, 26% 

Vat green 8, 8-l/2% 

Vat green 9, 12-1/2% 

Vat brown dyes, total 

Vat brown 1, 11% 

Vat brown 3, 11% 

Vat brown 5, 13% 

Vat brown 20, 10-1/2% — 

All other 

Vat black dyes, total 

Vat black 9, 16%- 

Vat black 25, 12-1/2%- - 

Vat black 27, 12-l/2%- 

All other 

All other vat dyes 

All other dyes 3 



1.000 
pounds 
1,236 



~£82~ 
70 



82 
507 



22,551 



1,000 
pounds 

1,076 



1,000 
io liars 

2,390 



53 
75 
507 
30 
16 



779 
154 



244 
936 



8,852 

539 
3,226 

39 

479 

762 

720 

7,934 

3,069 

49 

2,222 

14 

896 

851 

4,326 



§55 

1,110 

638 

177 

1,546 

4,674 



8,027 
133 
474 

2,916 
47 
376 
729 
674 



2,982 
55 

1,791 

16 

826 

1,036 

4,029 



199 

1,771 

743 

1,961 

1.141 



78T 

1,088 

566 

205 

1,385 

4,525 



1,681 

956 

1,888 

7,863 



2,058 
233 
449 

3,206 
310 
428 

1,166 

1,038 



2,069 
208 

1,190 
110 
687 



6,607 



1,117 

1,471 

904 

393 

2,722 

6,467 



1,544 
1,105 
3,818 

4,333 



pound 



1 Calculated from rounded figures. 

2 Includes sales of disperse violet dyes. 

3 Includes oxidation bases and ingrain and miscellaneous dyes. 

For many important low- and medium-priced dyes for which statistics are given in this re- 
port, production was larger in 1959 than in 1958. The output of vat blue 1 (synthetic indigo) was 
8.9 million pounds in 1959, or 13.7 percent more than the 7.8 million pounds reported for 1958; 
that of direct black 38 (direct black EW) was 5. 9 million pounds, or 25.0 percent more than the 
4.7 million pounds reported for 1958. Production of mordant black 1 1 in 1959 (3.8 million 
pounds) was almost double that in 1958 (1.9 million pounds). Other important dyes the output of 
which was substantially larger in 1959 than in 1958 were vat green 3 (77.2 percent larger), vat 
black 25 (54. percent larger), vat yellow 2 (51.1 percent larger), direct yellow 6 (37. 2 percent), 
acid black 1 (28. 1 percent), and mordant black 17 (26.2 percent). 

On the other hand, the output of a few important dyes was smaller in 1959 than in 1958. Pro- 
duction of vat green 9 in 1959 was 0.9 million pounds, or 41. 3 percent less than the 1.4 millio'n 
pounds reported for 1958; that of direct black 80 was 23. 7 percent smaller; that of vat blue 6 
was 8.6 percent smaller; and that of vat green 1 was 10.2 percent smaller. 

Although the revision of the Colour Index has resulted in a number of changes in the classifica- 
tion of dyes, the differences resulting from these changes are small in most instances, so that 
comparisons between the class totals for 1958 and 1959 and those for former years are still 
significant. 



DYES 



25 



Table 9 summarizes production and sales of dyes in 1959, by class of application. Four 
classes of dyes accounted for more than 70 percent of the output of all dyes in 1959: Vat dyes 
accounted for 28 percent of the total output; sulfur dyes, for 18.7 percent; direct dyes, for 15. £ 
percent; and acid dyes, for 9. 6 percent. In 1959 the output of each of these four major classes 
was larger than that in 1958. Production of acid dyes was 41.4 percent larger; sulfur dyes, 24. 
percent; direct dyes, 24. percent; and vat dyes, 13.8 percent. The total output of azoic dyes 
and components- -the fifth ranking class of dyes--was 9. 1 million pounds in 1959, or 3. 6 percent 
more than the 8. 8 million pounds reported for 1958. The output of two of the four groups of azoic 
dyes and components was larger in 1959 than in 1958: Production of fast color bases was 44. 1 
percent greater and that of azoic compositions was 26 percent greater. On the other hand, the 
output of fast color salts was 13.9 percent smaller in 1959 than in 1958, and that of the azoic 
coupling components, 11.7 percent smaller. 

The output of all the remaining classes of dyes also was greater in 1959 than in 1958: That 
of mordant dyes was 65.7 percent larger; solvent dyes, 21.7 percent; disperse dyes, 22 percent; 
basic dyes, 21.3 percent; fluorescent brightening agents, 20.3 percent; and food, drug, and cos- 
metic dyes, 10.9 percent. In 1959 the fluorescent dyes were the fourth most important group of 
dyes in terms of value of sales; sales in that year amounted to $16. 9 million. 

Table 10 shows production and sales of dyes in 1959 by chemical class. In 1959 five chemi- 
cal classes of dyes accounted for more than 80 percent of all the dyes produced: Azo dyes ac- 
counted for 30.4 percent of the total; anthraquinone dyes, for 20. 2 percent; sulfur dyes (not 
including vat sulfur dyes), for 18. 7 percent; indigoid dyes, for 7 percent; and stilbene dyes, for 
5.4 percent. The output of each of these five classes was larger in 1959 than in 1958; that of 
stilbene dyes was 32.3 percent larger; that of azo dyes, 27.8 percent; that of sulfur dyes, 24 
percent; that of indigoid dyes, 16.6 percent; and that of anthraquinone dyes, 13.9 percent. Pro- 
duction of all but two of the remaining chemical classes--the phthalocyanine dyes and the ketone 
imine dyes--was greater in 1959 than in 1958; the output of the phthalocyanine dyes was 26. 1 
percent smaller and that of the ketone imine dyes, 4.9 percent smaller. In terms of value of 
sales, the most important classes of dyes in 1959 were the azo dyes ($78.4 million), the anthra- 
quinone dyes ($51.5 million), the stilbene dyes ($19.3 million), and the azoic dyes ($13.3 million). 

TABLE 9. —Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of coal-tar dyes, by class of application, 1959 



Class of application 



Total - 

Acid 

Azoic dyes and components : 

Azoic compositions ; 

Azoic diazo components, bases (Fast color bases) 

Azoic diazo components, salts (Fast color salts) 

Azoic coupling components (Naphthol AS and derivatives) 

Basic 

Direct 

Disperse 

Fiber-reactive 

Fluorescent brightening agents 

Food, drug, and cosmetic dyes 

Mordant 

Solvent 

Sulfur 

Vat - 

All other 2 — 



Production 



1.000 
pounds 
169,503 



16,236 

2,691 

1,551 

2,444 

2,441 

8,054 

26,711 

6,901 

188 

7,050 

2,112 

6,655 

7,228 

31,776 

47,395 

70 



Quantity 



1.000 
pounds 
158,939 



15,257 

2,476 

1,434 

2,466 

2,464 

6,579 

25,903 

6,647 

174 

6,910 

2,028 

6,250 

6,402 

30,941 

42,959 

49 



1,000 
dollars 
205,873 



28,373 

3,851 

1,947 

2,667 

4,850 

15,006 

37,981 

13,810 

759 

16,887 

9,341 

8,641 

9,468 

8,653 

43,416 

223 



Unit 
value 1 



$1.30 



1.56 
1.36 
1.08 
1.97 
2.28 
1.47 
2.08 
4.36 
2.44 
4.61 
1.38 
1.48 
.28 
1.01 
4.55 



1 Calculated from rounded figures. 

2 Includes oxidation bases and ingrain and miscellaneous dyes. Statistics for these groups cannot be published 
separately, without disclosing information received in confidence. 



569056 O - 60 - 3 



26 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 10. --Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of coal-tar dyes, by chemical class, 1959 



Chemical class 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 1 



Total 

Acridine 

Anthraquinone — 

Azo, total 

Monoazo 

Disazo 

Trisazo 

Polyazo 

Not specified 

Azoic — : 

Indigoid 

Ketone imine 

Nitro 

Oxazine 

Phthalocyanine- 

Quinoline 

Stilbene 

Sulfur 2 — 

Thiazine 

Thiazole 

Tri ary lmethane - 

Xanthene 

All other 3 



169,503 



1,000 
pounds 
158,939 



1,000 
dollars 

205,873 



Per 
pound 



$1.30 



28 
34,311 
51,479 



30,443 
49,619 



51,483 
78,351 



17,298 

16,478 

10,695 

1,409 

5,599 

9,127 

11,825 

559 

311 

65 

557 

227 

9,161 

31,776 

421 

414 

5,606 

862 

12,774 



16,249 

15,690 

10,761 

1,349 

5,570 

8,840 

10,547 

540 

288 

50 

506 

199 

8,706 

30,941 

351 

367 

4,373 

505 

12,664 



27,824 

25,158 

11,827 

2,354 

11,188 

13,315 

6,201 

1,183 

676 

175 

1,087 

822 

19,302 

8,653 

726 

737 

10,537 

2,472 

10,153 



1.69 

1.58 
1.71 
1.60 
1.10 
1.74 
2.01 

1.51 
.59 
2.19 
2.35 
3.50 
2.15 
4.13 
2.22 
.28 
2.07 
2.01 
2.41 
4.90 



1 Calculated from rounded figures. 

2 Does not include vat sulfur dyes. 

3 Includes oxidation bases, aminoketone, azine, hydroxyketone, methine, nitroso, vat sulfur, and miscellaneous 
dyes and sales of acridine dyes. Statistics for these groups cannot be published separately without disclosing In- 
formation received in confidence. 

Toners and Lakes 

As the terms are used in this report, toners and lakes are synthetic organic pigments. Syn- 
thetic organic pigments are used in paints and related products, in printing inks, and in plastics 
and resin materials. Toners are full-strength pigments; reduced toners and lakes are extended 
or diluted colors. 

Statistics on production and sales of all toners and lakes are given in table 11A. Statistics 
on the commercial forms (dry, flushed, pulp, and dispersed) of a few selected pigments are 
given in table 12. In this report, individual toners and lakes are identified by the names used in 
the second edition of the Colour Index, rather than by their common names/ 

Total production of full-strength toners, reduced toners, and lakes in 1959 was 42. 7 million 
pounds, the largest output in any year since 1955. Total sales of toners, reduced toners, and 
lakes in 1959 amounted to 33. 3 million pounds, valued at $65. 6 million, compared with 27. 8 mil- 
lion pounds, valued at $53.4 million, in 1958. In terms of quantity, sales of toners, reduced 
toners, and lakes in 1959 were 20.0 percent larger than those in 1958 and, in terms of value, 
22.9 percent larger. 

Production of full- strength toners in 1959 amounted to 32.3 million pounds, compared with 
26. million pounds in 1958--representing anincrease of 23.9 percent. Sales in 1959 were 24.6 
million pounds, valued at $54.4 million, compared with 19. 5 million pounds, valued at $43. 2 
million, in 1958- -showing an increase of 26.4 percent in terms of quantity and 26. percent in 
terms of value. In 1959, red toners comprised 52.7 percent of the total output of full- strength 
toners (17 million pounds). The individual toners produced in the largest quantities in 1959 were 
Pigment Red 49 (C.I. 15 630), 4.8 million pounds; Pigment Blue 15 (C.I. 74 160), 3.7 million 
pounds; Pigment Green 7 (C.I. 74 260), 2.9 million pounds; Pigment Red 3 (C.I. 12 120), 2.6 
million pounds; Pigment Yellow 12 (C.I. 21 090), 2.3 million pounds; Pigment Red 48 (C.I. 15 
865), 1.8 million pounds; the barium toner of Pigment Red 53 (C.I. 15 585), 1.4 million pounds; 
and Pigment Red 90 (C. I. 45 380), 1. 3 million pounds. 



s See also table 11B, pt. HI, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers, and table 24 in appendix A, which 
shows imports of toners and lakes during the years 1957-59. 

* See appendix D, which is a cross-reference list of Colour Index and common names of toners and lakes. 



TONERS AND LAKES 



27 



Production of reduced or extended toners totaled 6. 5 million pounds in 1959, compared with 
5.4 million pounds in 1958--showing an increase of 21.2 percent. Sales in 1959 were 5.8 million 
pounds, valued at $8. million, compared with 5. 3 million pounds, valued at $7. 5 million, in 
1958--representing an increase of 9. 1 percent in terms of quantity and 6.4 percent in terms of 
value. Pigment Green 7 (C.I. 74 260), the output of which was 1. 1 million pounds, was the re- 
duced toner produced in largest quantity in 1959. 

Production of lakes (laked colors) amounted to 3. 9 million pounds in 1959, compared with 
4. million pounds in 1958- -showing a decrease of 1 . 6 percent. Sales of lakes in 1959 totaled 
2. 9 million pounds, showing a slight deer ease from sales in 1958. However, the value of sales in 1959 
was $3. 2 million, compared with $2.7 million in 1958- -representing an increase of 19. 1 percent. 
Pigment Blue 24 (C.I. 42 090) was the lake produced in the largest quantity in 1959; the out- 
put amounted to 1.9 million pounds. 

Statistics on the production and sales of the dry, flushed, pulp, and dispersed forms of 13 
selected colors are given in table 12. Sales of these colors in the flushed form (including the 
value of the oil) were larger (value basis) than sales of any other form for Pigment Blue 19 
(C.I. 42 750A), Pigment Blue 24 (C.I. 42 090), and Pigment Red 90 (C.I. 45 380); for each of 
the other 10 colors, sales (value basis) of the dry form were largest. 



TABLE 11A. --Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of toners and lakes, 1959 

[Listed below are all toners and lakes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. Table 
11B in pt. Ill lists all toners and lakes for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the 
manufacturer of each] 



Quantity 



Unit 
valued- 



Grand total 

TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS 

Total 

Products for which separate statistics may not be shown 2 
Products for which separate statistics are shown below-- 

Blue toners, total 

Pigment Blue 1, C.I. 42 595, PMA 

Pigment Blue 1, C.I. 42 595, PTA -- - ■ 

Pigment Blue 9, C.I. 42 025, PMA- - 

Pigment Blue 9, C.I. 42 025, PTA 

Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, alpha modification 

Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, beta modification 

Pigment Blue 19, C.I. 42 750A - 

Pigment Blue 25, C.I. 21 180 - 

All other 

Brown toners 

Green toners: 

Pigment Green 1, C.I. 42 040, PMA — 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 

pounds 
42,675 



32,262 



286 

31,976 



5,784 



47 



2,738 
955 

943 

57 

894 

33 



1,000 

pounds 
33,309 



65,634 



24,621 



54,378 



211 
24,410 



1,113 
53,265 



4,240 



132 
35 



1,964 
870 
931 



12,891 



187 

16 

45 

6,115 

2,675 

2,327 

65 

873 

86 

27 



Per 
pound 

$1.97 



5.27 
2.18 



3.04 
"4TZ5 
5.34 
4.00 
5.62 



2.97 

4.50 



28 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 

TABLE 11A. -Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of toners and lakes, 1959— Continued 



Quantity 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS— Continueu 
Green toners — Continued 

Pigment Green 1, C.I. 42 040, PTA - - 

Pigment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and C.I. 49 005, PMA- 
Pigment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and C.I. 49 005, ?TA- 

Pigment Green 4, C.I. 42 000, PTA 

Pigment Green 7, C.I. 74 260 - - 

Pigment Green 8, C.I. 10 006 

Orange toners, total 

Pigment Orange 2, C.I. 12 060 

Pigment Orange 5, C.I. 12 075 

Pigment Orange 13, C.I. 21 110 

Pigment Orange 16, C.I. 21 160 

All other 

Red toners, total 

Naphthol reds, total 

Pigment Red 2, C.I. 12 310— 

Pigment Red 5, C.I. 12 490 -- • 

Pigment Red 17, C.I. 12 390 ■ 

Pigment Red 18, C.I. 12 350 

Pigment Red 22, C.I. 12 315- 

Pigment Red 23, C.I. 12 355 • 

Other naphthol reds 

Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, dark ■ 

Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, light 

Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120 - 

Pigment Red 4, C.I. 12 085- — • 

Pigment Red 38, C.I. 21 120 - 

Pigment Red 41, C.I. 21 200 - ■ 

Pigment Red 48, C.I. 15 865 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630, total - 

Barium toner 

Calcium toner 

Other toners and sodium salt 

Pigment Red 52, C.I. 15 860 — - 

Pigment Red 53, C.I. 15 585, barium toner 

Pigment Red 57, C.I. 15 850, calcium toner 

Pigment Red' 63, C.I. 15 880— - 

Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PMA — • 

Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PTA 

Pigment Red 90, C.I. 45 380 • 

All other 

Violet toners: 

Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, PMA 

Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, PTA 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, fugitive 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, PMA 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, PTA • 

Yellow toners, total 

Benzidine yellows: 

Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090 ■ 

Pigment Yellow 13, C.I. 21 100 - • 

Pigment Yellow 14, C.I. 21 095 

Acetoacetanisidide Yellow, deb — ■> aaoa 

Hansa yellows: 

Pigment Yellow 1, C.I. 11 680 — 

Pigment Yellow 3, C.I. 11 710 

All other — 



1,000 

pounds 



48 

55 

9 

2,851 

397 

546 



50 
194 

89 
137 

76 



704 
33 
134 
103 
19 
90 
108 
217 
349 
568 
,636 
471 
128 
116 
,786 
,841 
,019 
,566 
256 
660 
,426 
808 
68 
90 
147 
,261 
932 



26 
436 
258 

49 

4,455 



2,276 

37 

897 

178 

648 
157 
262 



44 

53 

7 

2,138 

315 

435 



53 

163 
61 

123 
35 

13,810 



563 

33 

71 

69 

15 

92- 

87 

196 

331 

470 

1,713 

321 

118 

103 

1,632 

4,536 

2,723 

1,447 

366 

468 

1,376 

763 

55 

80 

136 

416 

729 



18 

25 

396 

223 

42 

2,622 



1,068 
44 
618 
132 

480 
125 
155 



37 
183 
351 

40 

6,476 

415 

1,231 



75 
251 
195 
292 
418 

23,100 



1,516 

106 

180 

225 

52 

277 

323 

353 

395 

559 

2,987 

434 

541 

347 

2,984 

4,799 

2,841 

1,560 

398 

689 

1,771 

1,043 

102 

477 

770 

846 

2,840 



168 
625 
618 

181 

6,737 



2,556 
204 

1,619 
450 

1,130 
278 
500 



See footnotes at end of table. 



TONERS AND LAKES 29 

TABLE 11A. --Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of toners and lakes. 1959-- Continued 



Product 



Production 



Toner 
content 



Sales 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 1 



REDUCED OR EXTENDED TONERS 
Total — - 

Black toners, reduced 

Blue toners, reduced, total 

Pigment Blue 1, C.I. 42 595, PMA— — ■ 

Pigment Blue 9, C.I. 42 025, PMA - - • 

Pigment Blue 14, C.I. 42 600, PMA ' 

Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, alpha modification 

Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, beta modification 

All other 

Brown toners, reduced 

Green toners, reduced, total 

Pigment Green 1, C.I. 42 040, PMA 

Pigment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and C.I. 49 005, PMA— 
Pigment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and C.I. 49 005, PTA— 

Pigment Green 7, C.I. 74 260 

Pigment Green 8, C.I. 10 006 

All other 

Orange toners, reduced 

Red toners, reduced, total 

Naphthol reds, reduced: Pigment red 23, C.I. 12 355 

Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, dark 

Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120 - 

Pigment Red 48, C.I. 15 865 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630, barium toner 

Pigment Red 57, C.I. 15 850 

Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PMA— — 

Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PTA - 

All other 

Violet toners, reduced, total 

Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, PMA 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, PMA 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, fugitive 

All other 

Yellow toners, reduced, total 

Benzidine yellows: Pigment Yellow 14, C.I. 21 095— 

Hansa yellows: Pigment Yellow 1, C.I. 11 680 

(Basic Yellow 2), C.I. 41 000, fugitive - 

All other 



1,000 

pounds 
6,510 



1,000 

pounds 
1,628 



2,000 

pounds 

5,832 



1,000 

dollars 
8,006 



272 
2,544 



97 
7 
557 
1,125 
81 
677 



1,544 



"23" 
21 
36 
1,142 
153 
164 

94 

1,129 



10 
2 
64 

360 
21 
95 

2 

434 



300 



2,040 



73 

7 

480 

923 

73 
484 

6 

1,424 



3,087 



345 
43 
23 



134 
37 
80 

325 

101 
16 

127 
29 

280 



26 

5 

3 

L48 

23 
11 

20 



"2T 

21 

22 

1,054 

156 

148 

83 

1,121 



16 

716 

1,259 

66 
944 



2,019 



136 
42 
82 

306 

100 
23 

126 
29 

277 



"47T 
53 
48 
1,691 
95 
92 

284 

1,241 



118 
14 
49 

381 
51 
31 

179 
24 

394 



24 
166 
100 

56 



23 

149 
93 
60 



22 

188 
104 
231 



T37" 

206 

7 

173 



197 

169 

7 

160 



136 

109 

7 

450 



$1.37 



.40 

1.51 
T7l§" 
2.29 
1.49 
1.36 
.90 
1.95 

1.17 

1.42 
1.74 
2.52 
2.18 
1.60 
.61 
.62 

3.42 



1.11 
~T87 

.33 

.60 
1.24 

.51 
1.35 
1.42 

.83 
1.42 



1.68 
.96 
1.26 
1.12 
3.85 



1.32 

.69 

.64 

1.00 

2.81 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 1 



LAKES OR LAKED COLORS 

Total 

Products for which separate statistics may not be shown 3 - 
Products for which separate statistics are shown below—- 

Black lakes: (Natural Black 3), C.I. 75 291 

Blue lakes: Pigment Blue 24, C.I. 42 090—- 

Green lakes 

Orange lakes 



1,000 
pounds 

3,903 



1,000 
pounds 

2,856 



1,000 
dollars 



Per 
pound 



3,250 



$1.14 



107 
3,796 



80 
2,776 



179 
3,071 



2.24 

1.11 



92 

1,852 
27 
518 



90 
996 

28 
475 



81 

1,325 

57 

201 



.90 
1.33 
2.04 

.42 



See footnotes at end of table. 



30 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 

TABLE 11A. --Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of toners and lakes, 1959 — Continued 



Product 



Production 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 1 



LAKES OR LAKED COLORS— Continued 

Red lakes, total 

Pigment Red 60, C.I. 16 105 

Pigment Red 83, C.I. 58 000— 

(Acid Red 26), C.I. 16 150— 

All other 

Violet lakes, total 

Pigment Violet 5, C.I. 58 055 

All other 

Yellow lakes: (Acid Yellow 23), C.I. 19 140— 



1,000 

pounds 

1,001 



2,000 

pounds 



1,000 

dollars 

989 



Per 
pound 



il.ll 



192 
1H 
593 
102 



543 
100 



252 
240 
237 
260 



1.43 

3.20 

.44 

2.60 



123 
3 



113 

3 



2.10 

1.33 



1 Calculated from rounded figures. 

2 Includes all black toners and unspecified green and violet toners. 

3 Includes all brown lakes and unspecified black, blue, and yellow lakes. 

Note. — The C.I. (Colour Index) numbers shown in this report are the identifying numbers given in the second edition 
of the Colour Index. 

When the name of a color is enclosed in parentheses, it indicates that this name is that of the dye from which the 
pigment can be made and that no name for the pigment itself is given in the Colour Index. 

The abbreviations PMA and PTA stand for phosphomolybdic and phosphotungstic (including phosphotungstomolybdic ) 
acids, respectively. The abbreviation deb stands for dichlorobenzene, and the abbreviation aaoa, for o-acetoacet- 
anisidide. 



TONERS AND LAKES 



TABLE 12. --Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of selected dry, flushed, pulp, and 

dispersed colors, 1959 1 



Dry, flushed, pulp, and dispersed forms 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 2 



Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160: 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Dispersed form 

Pigment Blue 19, C.I. 42 750A: 3 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pigment Blue 24, C.I. 42 090:* 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pigment Green 7, C.I. 74 260: 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Dispersed form 

Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120: 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Dispersed form 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630, barium toner: 3 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630, calcium toner: 4 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Dispersed form 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630, sodium salt:' 4 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pigment Red 53, C.I. 15 585, barium toner: 3 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pigment Red 90, C.I. 45 380:* 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, fugitive: 4 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, permanent: 5 ■ 

Dry form . 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090; Pigment Yellow 13, C.I. 21 
100; Pigment Yellow 14, C.I. 21 095; and other benzi- 
dine yellows: 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Dispersed form 



2,000 
pounds 
2,753 
1,042 
2,578 



120 
3,441 

465 
3,435 

2,082 
387 

1,872 
685 

2,069 
970 
281 
129 

2,406 
2,256 

1,387 

706 

12 

320 
317 

1,120 
1,075 

61 
2,557 

344 
549 

295 

259 

34 



1,621 

4,261 

330 

727 



2,000 

pounds 
2,491 

559 
2,082 

857 

114 
2,888 

135 
2,559 

1,769 
281 

1,405 
633 

1,304 

653 

158 

78 

2,092 
2,106 

1,232 
687 

12 

284 
288 

919 
996 

32 
1,342 

331 
485 

246 
223 
22 



1,192 

3,581 

129 

721 



2,000 

dollars 

6,228 

646 
2,001 

638 

267 
3,570 

148 
1,575 

4,545 
312 

2,212 
593 

2,166 

571 

70 

48 

2,014 
1,062 

1,194 
400 



287 
165 



1,065 
691 



55 

1,125 



445 

390 



568 
267 



2,729 

2,391 

79 

308 



$2.50 



2.34 

1.24 

1.10 
.62 

2.57 

1.11 

1.57 

.94 

1.66 

.87 
.44 
.62 

.96 

.50 

.97 

.58 

1.33 

1.01 
.57 

1.16 
.69 

1.72 
.84 



2.31 

1.20 

.59 



2.29 
.67 



.43 



1 Statistics on production and sales of the organic pigments (toners and lakes) listed in this table are given in 
terms of the commercial (physical) forms in which they enter commercial channels. Data on the flushed, pulp, and 
dispersed forms, therefore, are in terms of total weight, including pigment and vehicle (water or oil). 

2 Calculated from rounded figures. 

3 Data on the pulp and dispersed forms were accepted in confidence and may not be published, since publication 
would reveal the operations of individual companies. 

4 Data on the pulp form were accepted in confidence and may not be published, since publication would reveal the 
operations of individual companies. 

5 Data on the dispersed form were accepted in confidence and may not be published, since publication would reveal 
the operations of individual companies. 



32 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 

Medicinals 

In this report, medicinal chemicals are divided into three major groups: (1) Benzenoid com- 
pounds, derived principally from coal tar; (2) alicyclic and heterocyclic compounds, usually de- 
rived from vegetable products and animal tissues, but, sometimes also from coal tar; and (3) 
acyclic compounds, usually derived from petroleum and from natural gas, or from grain by fer- 
mentation. 

Statistics on the production of medicinals are in terms of 100-percent content of the medici- 
nal itself, exclusive of all diluents or other materials used in mixing or compounding tablets, 
solutions, and suspensions for consumer use. Except for the antibiotics, the statistics on sales 
include only that part of the original (primary) production that was sold in undiluted or uncom- 
pounded form. Sales of antibiotics include all forms- -diluted or undiluted- -in bulk or in packages. 

In 1959 the output of all the medicinal chemicals covered in this report amounted to 106.6 
million pounds (see table 13A5), or 5. 1 percent more than the 101.4 million pounds reported for 

1958. Sales totaled 87. 3 million pounds, valued at $582. 2 million, in 1959, compared with sales 
of 81.4 million pounds, valued at $554. 7 million, in 1958. 

The output of all cyclic medicinals in 1959 amounted to 73. 2 million pounds. Of this quantity, 
46.2 million pounds consisted of benzenoid medicinals and 27.0 million pounds, of alicyclic and 
heterocyclic medicinals. Production of acyclic medicinals was 33. 4 million pounds in 1959, com- 
pared with 31.4 million pounds in 1958. In terms of quantity, acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) was 
the most important medicinal produced in 1959. The output in that year was 18. 1 million pounds, 
compared with 20.8 million pounds in 1958; sales amounted to 17. 2 million pounds, valued at 
$9.2 million, in 1959, compared with 16.3 million pounds, valued at $8.8 million, in 1958. Pro- 
duction of sulfa drugs in 1959 was 5. 8 million pounds, compared with the 3. 7 million pounds 
produced in 1958. Production of barbituric acid and derivatives totaled 819, 000 pounds in 1959-- 
slightly more than the 790,000 pounds produced in 1958. Sales of barbituric acid and derivatives 
totaled 583, 000 pounds, valued at $2.9 million, in 1959, compared with 513, 000 pounds, valued 
at $2.4 million, in 1958. 

In terms of value, the antibiotics--as a group--were the most important medicinals produced 
in 1959. Total production of antibiotics for human and veterinary use was 2. 3 million pounds in 

1959, or 317, 000 pounds less than the output reported for 1958. Sales totaled 2.0 million pounds, 
valued at $318. 2 million, in 1959, compared with 1. 9 million pounds, valued at $304. 7 million, 
in 1958. Production of penicillin salts totaled 430 trillion international units in 1959, compared 
with 392 trillion international units in 1958. Sales of penicillin salts totaled 371 trillion interna- 
tional units, valued at $57. 3 million, in 1959, compared with 372 trillion international units, 
valued at $60. 3 million, in 1958. The output of dihydrostreptomycin amounted to 470, 000 pounds 
in 1959, compared with the 561, 000 pounds reported for 1958; sales totaled 492, 000 pounds, 
valued at $13.7 million, in 1959, compared with 465,000 pounds, valued at $17.9 million, in 

1958. The output of streptomycin totaled 281, 000 pounds in 1959, compared with 179, 000 pounds 
in 1958. Production of neomycin base amounted to 38, 000 pounds in 1959; sales were 28, 000 
pounds, valued at $6. million. Production of tetracycline was 307, 000 pounds in 1959; sales 
were 257, 000 pounds, valued at $89.4 million--$32. 1 million more than the value of sales of 
penicillin salts. Total production of antibiotics for animal feed supplements, food preservation, 
and crop spraying in 1959 was 1.4 million pounds, compared with the 903, 000 pounds reported 
for 1958. Sales of these products in 1959 amounted to 1. 1 million pounds, valued at $39. 2 million. 

Among the other important groups of medicinal products in 1959 were the vitamins. In 1959 
the combined output of vitamins--as a group--was 10.9 million pounds, compared with 9.8 mil- 
lion pounds in 1958. Sales of vitamins totaled 7. 3 million pounds, valued at $73. 7 million, in 

1959, compared with 6.9 million pounds, valued at $78. 1 million, in 1958. In terms of quantity, 
the 1959 output of some of the more important vitamins was as follows: Niacin, 2. 5 million 
pounds; ascorbic acid and derivatives, 4.8 million pounds; pantothenic acid and derivatives, 1.2 
million pounds; thiamine derivatives, 245, 000 pounds; and vitamin A (alcohol and esters), 

382, 000 pounds (374,250 billion U.S. P. units). In terms of value of sales, vitamin A (alcohol 
and esters) was the most important product in the vitamin group. Sales of this medicinal in 1959 
totaled 336,000 pounds, valued at $25.9 million. Sales of vitamin B12 were 729 pounds, valued at 
$13. 1 million, and those of ascorbic acid and derivatives, 3. 1 million pounds, val"ed at $10.8 
million. 

In 1959, sales of all hormones totaled 42, 000 pounds, valued at $23. 3 million. The output of 
tranquilizers in 1959 amounted to 1.4 million pounds. By far the most important tranquilizer was 
2-methyl-2-n-propyl-l, 3-propanediol dicarbamate, production of which totaled 1. 2 million 
pounds; sales amounted to 1. 1 million pounds, valued at $4. 1 million. 



5 See also table 13B, pt. Ill, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers, and table 24 in appendix A, 
which shows imports of medicinals and pharmaceuticals during the years 1957-59. 



33 



TABLE 13A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of medicinals, 1959 



[Listed below are all synthetic organic medicinals for which any reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no 
data were reported. ) Table 13B in pt. Ill lists alphabetically all medicinals for which data on production or 
sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Production 1 



Quantity 



Grand total - 



1,000 

pounds 
106,597 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC 



Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown- 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below — 



Total 

Acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin) 

Amino acids 

p-Aminobenzoic acid and derivatives, total 

Procaine hydrochloride 

All other 

Antihistamines 

Bismuth subgallate 

Carbasone (p-Carbamidobenzenearsonic acid) 

N, a -Dimethylphenethylamine (Desoxyephedrine) hydrochloride 

d-N,a-Dimethylphenethylamine hydrochloride 

Dyes, medicinal 

a-Methylphenethylamine (Amphetamine) base and salts 

Norephedrine (Propadrine) hydrochloride 

Phenylephrine hydrochloride 

Salicylic acid 

Salicylic acid salts, total 

Sodium salicylate 

All other 

Sulfa drugs 

3-o-Toloxy-l,2-propanediol (o-Cresyl a-glyceryl ether) 

Vitamin K (Menadione) (2-Methyl-l,4-naphthoquinone) 

All other benzenoid medicinals 

Alicyclic and Heterocyclic 
Total — 

Alkaloids and related products, total 

Homatropine methyl bromide 

All other 

Antibiotics for human or veterinary use, total 

Bacitracin 

Dihydrostreptomycin 

Neomycin, base 

Penicillin salts, total 4 

Potassium penicillin 

Procaine penicillin G 

All other 

Streptomycin 

Tetracycline 

All other 



73,180 



28,217 
44,963 



46,216 



18,097 

1 



323 
105 

87 

23 

3 



6,886 
656_ 



616 

40 

5,835 

15 
14,030 

26,964 



2,295 



7 
470 

38 
567 
195 
306 

66 
281 
307 
625 



87,302 



57,526 



22,961 
34,565 



36,168 



17,155 

1 



57 

20 

6,154 



519 
67 



78 
11,555 



21,358 



10 



2,042 

5" 

492 
28 
489 
160 
268 
61 
240 
257 
530 



1,000 

dollars 
582,210 



548,234 



75,303 
472,931 



42,552 



9,235 
22 



979 

371 



82 

17 

19 

40 

310 

608 
2,104 
2,379 



381 
105 



134 
25,766 



505,682 



67 
2,055 



318,188 
17529 - 



13,721 

5,986 

57,343 

27,807 

14,732 

14,804 

5,388 

89,429 

144, 692 



See footnotes at end of table. 



34 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 

TABLE 13A. --Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of medicinals, 1959— Continued 



Chemical 



Production 1 



Quantity 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Alicyclic and He terocycl ic--Contlnued 

Antibiotics for animal feed supplements, food preservation, 

and crop spraying, total 

Bacitracin 

Procaine penicillin G 

All other 

Antihistamines, total 

2- [l-(p-Chlorophenyl) -3-dimethylaminopropylJpyridine 

maleate (Chlorophenylpyridamine maleate) 

2- [3-(Dimethylamino)-l-phenylpropyl] pyridine maleate 

All other 

Barbituric acid and derivatives, total 

5-Allyl-5-(l-methylbutyl)barbituric acid (Secobarbital) 

and salt 

5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-n-butyl)barbituric acid (Pento- 
barbital) 

5-Ethyl-5- (l-methyl-n-butyl)barbituric acid, sodium salt- 
5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid (Phenobarbital) (Luminal) 

5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid, sodium salt 

All other 

Bile acids and salts, total 

Dehydrocholic acid 

Ketocholanic acid 

All other 

Bromocamphor, mono- 

Caffeine, natural and synthetic 

Caffeine citrate 

5-Chloro-7-iodo-8-quinolinol (Iodochlorohydroxyquinoline) — 

Dihydrocodeinone bitartrate 

5,7-Diiodo-8-quinolinol 

Hormones, total 

Hydrocortisone alcohol and acetate 

17-Hydroxy-ll-dehydrocorticosterone (Cortisone) and 

acetate 

Prednisolone 

Prednisone 

All other 

Piperazine derivatives 

8-Quinolinol base 

8-QuinolinoL sulfate (Quinosol) 

Theophylline base and derivatives, total 

Theophylline ethylenediamine (Aminophylline) 

All other 

Tranquilizers (including benzenoid) 

Vitamins, total 

A (Alcohol and esters), 6 from all sources 

Bi (Thiamine derivatives) 

B 2 (Riboflavin for human consumption) (100$) 

B 2 (Riboflavin for animal and poultry consumption) (100$) 

B 6 (Pyridoxine) 

B12, all grades 7 

D 2 (Irradiated ergosterol) 

D3 (Irradiated animal sterol) 9 

Folic acid 

Niacin (Nicotinic acid) including animal feed grade 

Niacinamide 

All other 7 

All other alicyclic and heterocyclic medicinals 



1,000 
pounds 
1,351 



62 

1,289 

205 



14 

13 

178 



73 
297 



70 

19 

149 

8 
1,933 



474 
93 



-,924 



382 

245 

163 

267 

60 

1 

( 8 ) 

2 

6 

2,548 

1,023 

227 

14,187 



1,000 
pounds 
1,108 



2,000 
dollars 

39,164 



29 
1,079 



12 
107 



37 
274 

12 
243 



7 

1,886 

2 



41 
439 



106 



106 

21 

3,443 



336 



154 
201 



( 8 ) 



1,490 
671 
589 

11,406 



615 
38,549 



3,436 



335 

468 

2,633 

2,853 



116 

29 
222 
895 

58 
1,533 

1,383 



1,383 

27 
3,801 



938 
36 

23,326 



2,411 

20,915 
468 



317 



317 

621 

59,456 



25,935 

2,037 
2,452 

13,088 
132 
255 

2,730 
2,143 
10,684 

49,537 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MEDICINALS 



35 



TABLE 13 A.- -Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of medicinal s, 1959 — Continued 



Production 1 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 3 



MEDICINAL, ACYCLIC 



33,417 



unds 
29,776 



2,000 

dollars 
33,976 



Per 
Pour, 



$1.14 



Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown- 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below — 



8,788 
24,629 



8,057 
21,719 



5,344 
28,632 



Amino acids, total 

P -Alanine 

l(+) -Glutamic acid hydrochloride - 

1(+) -Lysine hydrochloride 

All other 



4,879 



Betaine hydrochloride 

Chloretone (tert-Trichlorobutyl alcohol) - 



Choline compounds, total 

Choline chloride, for animal and poultry feed and for 

use as an intermediate 

All other 



T7T 



273 
3,938 



12,612 



4,445 
433" 



226 
3,715 

26 

14 

12,268 



7,123 



1.60 



"874- 

119 

1,160 

4,970 

32 
28 

3,035 



2.01 
1.72 
5.13 
1.34 

1.23 
2.00 



Gluconic acid salts 

Hexamethylenebis [trimethylammonium chloride] (Hexamethonium 
chloride) 

Tranquilizers: 2-Methyl-2-n-propyl-l,3-propanediol 

dicarbamate 



Vitamins, total 

Ascorbic acid and derivatives, total 

Ascorbic acid 

All other 

Pantothenic acid and derivatives, total - 

Pantothenic acid, dl-calcium salt 

All other 



12,323 
289 



1,192 
5,921 



12,036 
232 



1,138 
3,828 



4,764 

3,946 

818 

1,157 

913 

244 



3,148 
2,447 
701 
680 
532 
148 



2,797 
238 



4,129 
14,285 



.23 
1.03 



3.63 

3.73 



10,80(3 
8,218 
2,590 
3,477 
1,416 
2,061 



~X4T 
3.36 
3.69 
5.11 
2.66 
13.93 



1 Production of medicinals is in bulk only. The statistics do not include the production of finished preparations, 
such as tablets, capsules, and ampoules, which are manufactured from bulk medicinals. 

2 Except for antibiotics, sales include only that part of the original production which is sold in undiluted or 
uncompounded form including that sold in bulk and that sold in packages (tablets, ampoules, etc.). Sales of anti- 
biotics include all forms (both undiluted or uncompounded and diluted or compounded) including that sold in bulk and 
that sold in packages. 

3 Calculated from rounded figures. 

4 Peniaillin salts in terms of international units based on 1,667 units per milligram of the penicillin G standard 
of the Food and Drug Administration were reported as follows: 





Production 


Sales 


Chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit value 


Penicillin salts, total 


Billion 

international units 

429,781 


Billion 

international units 
370,668 


1,000 

dollars 
57,343 


Per billion 

international units 

$154.70 


Potassium penicillin 

Procaine penicillin G 


147,995 

231,384 

50,402 


121,741 

202,567 

46,360 


27,807 
14,732 
14,804 


228.41 

72.73 

319.33 



5 Commercial sales are based on international units. 

6 Quantities reported in units have been converted to pounds by us^ng as a factor the average units per pound of 
the medicinal grade as determined by the Food and Drug Administration. 

Production of vitamin A alcohol and esters from all sources totaled 374,250 billion U.S. P. units; sales totaled 
330,352 billion U.S. P. units. 

7 Production of vitamin Bi 2 , all grades, totaled 938 pounds; sales totaled 729 pounds. 

8 Production of vitamin D 2 totaled 8,401 billion U.S. P. units and sales totaled 5,104 billion U.S. P. units. 
•Calculated at the rate of 18.14 billion units per pound, production totaled 463 pounds and sales totaled 281 pounds. 

9 Production of vitamin D3 totaled 36,195 billion U.S. P. units and sales totaled 13,858 billion U.S. P. units. 
Calculated at the rate of 18.14 billion units per pound, production totaled 1,995 pounds and sales totaled 764 
pounds. 



36 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 

Flavor and Perfume Materials 



Flavor and perfume materials are chemicals --with desirable flavors or odors--that are used 
in the manufacture of food, beverages, cosmetics, and soaps and to disguise unpleasant odors in 
industrial products. This report includes data on materials derived from natural products by ac- 
tual chemical processes and from coal tar; it does not include data on purely natural products, 
such as floral essences, essential oils, and other materials that are obtained by simple extrac- 
tion or by distillation from natural vegetable and animal sources. 

The flavor and perfume materials covered in this report are grouped as either cyclic or 
acyclic materials, according to their chemical structure. Cyclic materials are further classified 
as (1) benzenoid and naphthalenoid, and (2) terpenoid, heterocyclic, and alicyclic. Statistics on 
the production and sales of flavor and perfume materials in 1959 are given in table 14A. 6 

Production of flavor and perfume materials as a group totaled 50. 3 million pounds in 1959-- 
15.8 percent more than the 43. 4 million pounds produced in 1958. Sales were 45. 4 million 
pounds, valued at $56. 6 million, in 1959, compared with 39. 7 million pounds, valued at $52. 2 
million, in 1958. 

TABLE 14A. --Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of flavor and perfume materials, 1959 

[Listed below are all synthetic organic flavor and perfume materials for which any reported data on production or 
sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be pub- 
lished or where no data were reported.) Table 14B in pt. Ill lists alphabetically all flavor and perfume materials 
for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 1 



Grand total 

FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC 

Total - - 

Materials for which separate statistics may not be shown- 
Materials for which separate statistics are shown below-- 

Benienoid and Naphthalenoid 

Total — 

4-Allylveratrole (Eugenyl methyl ether) 

p-Anisaldehyde (p-Methoxybenzaldehyde) 

Benzophenone 2 

Benzyl acetate 

Benzyl alcohol 2 3 

Benzyl benzoate 

Benzyl cinnamate 

Benzyl propionate 

Cinnamaldehyde 

Cinnamyl alcohol 

Ethyl a,p-epoxy-P-methylhydrocinnamate 

Eugenol 

Isobutyl phenylacetate 

Isobutyl salicylate 

Isoeugenol 

Isopentyl salicylate (Amyl salicylate) 

p-Isopropyl-a-methylhydrocinnamaldehyde (Cyclamen 

aldehyde) 

4'-Methoxyacetophenone 

Methyl anthranilate 

a -Methylbenzyl acetate 

a-Methylcinnamaldehyde 

Methyl salicylate (Synthetic wintergreen oil) 

a-Pentylcinnamaldehyde (a-Amylcinnamaldehyde) 

Phenethyl acetate 

Phenethyl alcohol 

Phenethyl isobutyrate 

Phenethyl phenylacetate (Phenethyl o. -toluate) 

4-Propenylveratrole (Isoeugenyl methyl ether) 

a-(Trichloromethyl)benzyl acetate (Rosetone) 

All other benzenoid and naphthalenoid materials 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1.000 
pounds 
50,308 



,000 

ands 

45,398 



1,000 
dollars 
56,636 



$1.25 



29, 684 



34,489 



9,988 
19,696 



14,933 



7,016 
17,235 



13,788 



12,742 
21,747 



17,387 



1.82 
1.26 



407 
157 
1,026 
850 
263 
3 

611 

155 
5 

233 
31 
25 
80 

361 

129 

8 

171 

16 

8 

3,442 

264 

47 

1,117 

3 



40 
5,459 



413 
163 
905 
857 
235 



122 

6 

198 

27 

83 
344 



3,333 

203 

43 

1,066 

4 

5 



5,641 



609 
178 
449 
402 
134 



159 
27 

341 
24 

254 
212 



1,852 
333 
48 

1,120 
11 
17 
34 

10,751 



1.47 
1.10 

.50 

.47 

.57 

3.17 

1.17 

1.30 

4.73 

1.72 

.89 

3.08 
.62 

3.48 
2.07 



.56 
1.64 
1.13 
1.05 
2.90 
3.59 
4.18 



6 See also table 14B, pt. in, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers, and table 24 in appendix A, 
which shows imports of flavor and perfume materials during the years 1957-59. 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 



37 



TABLE 14A. -Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of flavor and perfume materials, 

i955--Continued 



Quantity 



Unit 

value 1 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and Alicyclic 

Total 

Cedryl acetate 

Citral (Geranial) 

Cltronellol 

Citronellyl acetate 

Citronellyl formate 

Coumarin 

Ethyl oxyhydrate 

Geraniol 

Geranyl acetate 

Hydrocoumarin (3,4-Dihydrocoumarin) 

Hydroxycitronellal 

Hydroxycitronellal, dimethyl acetal 

Ionones, total 

a-Ionone 

All other 

Linalool 

Linalyl acetate 

Menthol, synthetic, total 

Tech 

U.S.P — 

Menthone 

Methylionones 

Nerol 

Piperonal (Heliotropin) 

Rhodinol 

Safrole 

Sweeteners, synthetic 

Terpineols — ' 

Terpinyl acetate 

Vetivenyl acetate 

All other terpenoid, heterocyclic, and alicyclic materials* 



1,000 
pounds 

H,751 



62 
86 

370 
14 
20 

671 
35 

361 
35 
18 

302 
4 



26 

285 



151 
179 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC 



Total- 



44 
256 



310 

4 

238 

9 

77 

2,992 

2,943 

714 

16 

4,529 



20,624 



Materials for which separate statistics may not be shown- 
Materials for which separate statistics are shown below-- 

Allyl hexanoate (Allyl caproate) 

Ethyl butyrate 

Ethyl hexanoate (Ethyl caproate) 

Glutamic acid, monosodium salt (Monosodium glutamate) 

4-Hydroxyundecanoic acid, Y -lactone (Y-Undecalactone) 

Isopentyl butyrate (Amyl butyrate) 

n-Octyl isobutyrate 



442 
20, 182 



187 

3 

19,937 

5 

34 

10 



1,000 
pounds 
10,463 



1,000 
dollars 
17,102 



50 
78 

298 
10 
19 

617 
32 

195 
24 
17 

250 
4 



26 
288 



121 
156 



36 

322 

2 

311 

4 

244 

8 

70 

2,538 

2,703 

652 

13 

1,375 



21, 147 



411 
20,736 



20,514 

4 

33 



91 
209 
499 

22 

65 
1,817 

28 
304 

45 

79 
945 

17 

924 



378 
434 



75 
1,669 

11 

1,196 

41 

579 

311 

43 

4,027 

698 

302 

302 

1,991 



843 

21, 304 



14 
113 

21, 128 
20 
23 



Calculated from the unrounded figures. 

2 Includes some of technical grade. 

3 Includes some of medicinal grade. 

* Includes chemically modified essential oils. 

The output of benzenoid and naphthalenoid flavor and perfume materials in 1959 was 14.9 
million pounds--11.6 percent more than the 13.4 million pounds reported for 1958. The individual 
chemical in the cyclic group that was produced in the greatest volume in 1959 was methyl sali- 
cylate (synthetic wintergreen oil, 3.4 million pounds). Sales of benzenoid and naphthalenoid flavor 
and perfume materials as a group totaled 13.8 million pounds, valued at $17.4 million, in 1959, 
compared with 12.5 million pounds, valued at $15.9 million, in 1958. 



38 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



Production of terpenoid, heterocyclic, and alicyclic flavor and perfume materials in 1959 was 
14. 8 million pounds--26. 9 percent more than the 11.6 million pounds reported for 1958. Produc- 
tion of synthetic sweeteners, which include derivatives of cyclohexane sulfamic acid and saccharin, 
totaled 3.0 million pounds. Sales of terpenoid, heterocyclic, and alicyclic materials as a group 
totaled 10. 5 million pounds, valued at $17. 1 million, in 1959, compared with 8. 5 million pounds, 
valued at $15. 6 million, in 1958. 

The output of acyclic flavor and perfume materials in 1959 totaled 20.6 million pounds-- 
11.9 percent more than the 18.4 million pounds reported for 1958. By far the most important 
product in this group was monosodium glutamate, production of which totaled 19. 9 million pounds, 
or over 96. percent (by quantity) of the acyclic group. Sales of acyclic materials totaled 21.1 
million pounds, valued at $22. 1 million, in 1959, compared with 18.8 million pounds, valued at 
$20. 7 million, in 1958. 



Plastics and Resin Materials 

Plastics and resin materials are condensation or polymerization products of organic chemi- 
cals containing necessary fillers, plasticizers, and extenders. At some stage in their manufac- 
ture they exist in such physical condition that they can be shaped or processed by the application 
of heat and pressure. Some types of plastics may be molded, cast, or extruded into finished or 
semifinished forms. Other types are used as adhesives, for the treatment of textiles and paper, 
and for protective coatings. Still other types of plastics materials may be processed into sheets, 
rods, and tubes, which are further manufactured into finished articles. Except for vinyl resins, 
the statistics given in the following tables are based on the total weight of the materials, exclud- 
ing liquids. Statistics on vinyl resins are given on the basis of resin content. 

Statistics on the production and sales of plastics and resins are given in table 15A 7 according 
to chemical composition, and in table 16 according to broad end uses. In 1959 the total production 

TABLE 15A. —Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of plastics and resin materials , grouped by 

chemical composition, 1959 

[Quantities and values are given in terms of the total weight of the materials (dry basis). Listed below are all 
plastics and resin materials for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders are 
used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were reported. ) 
Table 15B in pt. Ill lists all plastics and resin materials for which data on production or sales were reported 
and identifies the manufacturer of each] 

[Dry basis 1 ] 



Quantity 



Unit value 2 



Grand total 

PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, BENZENOID 
Total— - - 

Materials for which separate statistics may not be shown 3 
Materials for which separate statistics are shown below — 

Coumarone-indene and petroleum polymer resins 

Epoxy resins: 

Unmodified (condensation products of phenol and deriva- 
tives with epoxy compounds) — 

Modified (with hardening agents and esterified with 

fatty acids) 

Phenolic and other tar-acid resins, total 

Unmodified, total 

Cresols -formaldehyde 

Cresylic acid -formaldehyde 

Phenol- (and substituted phenol-) formaldehyde 

Resorcinol-formaldehyde 

All other 

Modified, total 

Phenol-(and substituted phenol-) formaldehyde with 

modifiers (except rosin) 

Rosin and rosin esters modified with phenolic and 

other tar-acid resins (hard resins) 

All other 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 

5,864,887 



1,000 
pounds 

5,170,402 



1,000 
dollars 

1,640,055 



Per 
pound 



2,646,178 



2,200,013 



605,881 



11,130 
2,635,048 



10,741 
2,189,272 



5,523 
600,358 



318,330 



49,152 

7,669 
624,793 



299,062 



43,201 

2,032 
554,589 



31,322 



26,647 

1,263 
154,244 



570,041 

7,073 

8,888 

502,219 

4,932 

46,929 

54,752 

25,112 

24,332 
5,308 



510,550 

4,205 

2,354 

463,162 

4,606 

36,223 

44,039 

17,750 

21,363 
4,926 



141,651 
1,533 
693 
126,964 
2,886 
9,575 
12,593 

5,029 

4,913 
2,651 



7 See also table 15B, pt. in, which lists these products according to chemical composition, and identifies the manufacturers. 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 



39 



TABLE 15A. --Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of plastics and resin materials, grouped by 

chemical composition, 1959 — Continued 

[Dry basis 1 ] 



Quantity 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, BENZENOID— Continued 

Phthalic alkyd resins, total 

Unmodified 

Modified 

Polyester resins* 

Polyurethane and diisocyanate resins 

Styrene resins, total 

Polystyrene 

Styrene -acrylonit rile copolymer 

Styrene -alkyd polyesters (for protective coatings only)- 
Styrene-butadiene copolymer (containing 50$ or more 

styrene) , total 

Latexes 

Other 

Styrene -divinylbenzene copolymer 

All other styrene resins 

PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, N0NBENZEN0ID 

Total — - 

Materials for which separate statistics may not be shown 5 - 
Materials for which separate statistics are shown below 

Alkyd resins, except phthalic, total 

Unmodified 

Modified, total 

Rosin and rosin esters, modified with maleic and 

fumaric acids only (hard resins) 

All other 

Polyamide (Nylon) resins 

Polyethylene resins, total 

High-pressure process 

Low-pressure process 

Rosin modifications, total 

Rosin and terpene adduct resins 

Rosin and rosin esters, unmodified (ester gums), total — 

Esterified with glycerol 

Esterified with other alcohols (methanol, glycols, 
pentaerythritol, etc.) 

All other rosin modifications 

Silicone resins 

Urea and melamine resins, total 

Melamine-formaldehyde type 

Urea-formaldehyde type 

Vinyl and vinyl copolymer resins (resin content), total — 

Polyvinyl acetate 

Polyvinyl chloride and copolymer resins (containing 50$ 

or more polyvinyl chloride) 

All other vinyl resins 6 



1,000 
pounds 

472,775 



349,222 
123,553 



180,672 
4,720 



976,937 



626,630 
32,178 
25,148 

224,126 

130,485 

93,641 

21,347 

47,508 



3,218,709 



229,814 
2,988,895 



87,186 



34,369 

52,817 

41,687 
11,130 

38,105 

1,194,987 



1,079,580 
115,407 

73,523 



8,132 
60,478 
26,286 

34,192 
4,913 

5,027 



423,602 



143,122 
280,480 

1,166,465 



139,363 



905,323 
121,779 



1,000 
pounds 
211,702 



1,000 
dollars 



145,749 
65,953 

169,544 
3,621 

905,521 



603,497 
30,750 
19,449 

186,990 

118,775 

68,215 

20,619 

44,216 



2,970,389 



44,496 
24,051 



61,732 
1,887 



254,716 



144,685 

10,909 
8,410 

65,746 
33,800 
31,946 
12,759 
12,207 



1,034,174 



196,036 
2,774,353 



142,903 
891,271 



66,639 



28,926 
37,713 



31,748 
5,965 



29,592 
1,116,248 



21,617 



1,017,280 
98,968 



11,978 
9,639 



7,264 
2,375 



31,987 



354,873 

322,605 

32,268 



7,268 
57,879 
25,071 

32,808 
3,930 

4,302 



2,432 
10,952 
4,967 

5,985 
753 

12,784 



386,897 



115,680 



127,475 
259,422 



1,101,598 



125,106 



875,528 
100,964 



56,407 
59,273 



340,193 



42,996 



219,214 
77,983 



1 "Dry basis," for the purpose of this report, is defined as the total weight of the material, including resin, 
plasticlzers, fillers, extenders, colors, and stabilizers, and excluding water, solvents, and other liquid diluents. 

2 Calculated from rounded figures. 



Footnotes continued on p. 40. 



40 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1050 



Footnotes for table 15A — Continued 

3 Includes data for aniline -formaldehyde, toluenesulf onamide , and other benzenoid plastics and resin materials not 
specifically classified. 

4 Polyester resins, for the purpose of this report, include unsaturated alkyds copolymerized with monomers such as 
styrene, and polyallyl resins such as diallyl phthalate or allyl diglycol carbonate. Styrene-alkyd polyesters for 
protective coatings are included under "Styrene resins". 

5 Includes data for acrylic and other nonbenzenoid plastics and resin materials. 

6 Includes data for polyvinyl alcohol, butyral, and formal, and for copolymers containing less than 50$ polyvinyl 
chloride . 



TABLE 16. — Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of plastics and resin materials, grouped by 

classes and uses, 1959 

[In thousands of pounds, dry basis 1 ] 



Cellulose plastics, total 

Cellulose acetate and mixed esters: 

Sheets, continuous, under 0.003 gage- 

Sheets, continuous, 0.003 gage and over 

All other sheets, rods, and tubes (including other cellulose plastics) 

Molding and extrusion materials (including other cellulose plastics) 

Nitrocellulose sheets, rods, and tubes 

Phenolic and other tar-acid resins, total 

Molding materials 

Bonding and adhesive resins for — 

Laminating 

Coated and bonded abrasives 

Friction materials 

Thermal insulation 

Plywood 

All dther bonding and adhesive uses 

Protective coatings: 

Unmodified 

Modified, except by rosin 

Rosin esters modified by phenolic and other tar-acid resins (hard resins) 
Resins for all other uses 

Urea and melamine resins, total 

Textile -treating and textile-coating resins 

Paper-treating and paper-coating resins 

Bonding and adhesive resins for — 

Laminating 

Plywood 

All other bonding and adhesive uses 

Protective-coating resins, straight and modified 

Resins for all other uses, including molding 

Styrene resins, total 

Molding materials: 

Straight polystyrene 

All other 

Protective-coating resins, straight and modified 2 

Textile and paper treating and coating resins 

Resins for all other uses 

Vinyl and vinyl copolymer resins (resin content), total 

Polyvinyl chloride and copolymer resins (containing 50$ or more polyvinyl 
chloride) for — 

Film (under 0.010 gage) 

Sheeting (0.010 gage and over) i 

Molding and extrusion 

Textile and paper treating and coating 

Flooring 

Protective coatings 

All other uses — > 

All other vinyl resins for — 

Adhesives 

Protective coatings 

All other uses — ««■ — ———.»..— ..,._.__.. — .. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



158,088 



19,-482 
22,581 

9,052 
103,993 

2,980 

62-4,793 



229,022 

75,597 
16,208 
16,872 
51,716 
61,455 
63,415 

25,251 
4,786 
29,112 
51,359 

423,602 



46,094 
30,381 

36,382 
106,468 
27,663 
38,566 
138,048 

976,937 



319,200 

348,589 

81,642 

63,155 

164,351 

1,166,465 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 



41 



TABLE 16. -Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of plastics and resin materials, grouped by 

classes and uses, i959--Continued 

[in thousands of pounds, dry basis 1 ] 



Aliyd resins, total 

For protective coatings: 
Phthalic annydride types: 

Unmodified 

Modified 

Polybasic acid types: 

Unmodified 

Modified (except by rosin) 

Rosin esters modified with maleic and fumaric acids only (hard resins) 

For all other uses 

Rosin esters: 

Unmodified (ester gums) for protective coatings 

All other modifications for protective coatings and other uses 

Coumarone-indene and petroleum polymer resins 

Polyester resins, total 

For reinforced plastics 

For all other uses 

Polyethylene resins, total 

For film and sheeting 

Molding materials 

Extrusion materials 

For all other uses 

Epoxy resins, total 

For protective coatings 

For all other uses 

Miscellaneous plastics and resin materials 3 



559,961 



278,341 



348,121 
120,630 

15,224 
10,933 
40,099 
24,954 

25,653 
47,870 

318,330 

180,672 



144,833 
63,742 

10,101 

5,862 

29,973 

23,830 

23,847 
45,230 

299,062 

169,544 



129,472 
51,200 



1,194,987 



123,297 
46,247 



1,116,248 



56,821 



344,353 
216,479 
155,049 
400,367 

^■233 



287,159 



20,672 
24,561 



242,660 



1 "Dry basis," for the purpose of this report, is defined as the total weight of the material, including that of 
resin, plasticizers, fillers, extenders, colors, and stabilizers, and excluding that of water, solvents, and other 
liquid diluents. 

2 Includes data for styrene-alkyd polyester resins. 

3 Includes data for acrylic, polyamide, toluenesulfonamide, and other plastics and resin materials. 

Note. --The figures in the above table are based on the Tariff Commission's monthly reports on the production and 
sales of synthetic plastics and resin materials. While the group totals are in substantial agreement with those 
given in table 15A, they are partially estimated, and may not be correlated exactly with those given in that table. 
The data given in the above table are more nearly complete than those given in the Tariff Commission's release for 
January 1960, which gave a summation of the data reported by months for 1959. Changes in classification and an in- 
crease in coverage on some products result in some differences between the detail figures given in the above table 
and those given in the January 1960 release. 

of all synthetic plastics and resin materials (except cellulosics) amounted to 5, 865 million pounds, 
or 29. 8 percent more than the 4, 518 million pounds reported for 1958. Sales amounted to 5, 170 
million pounds, valued at $ 1 , 640 million, in 1959, compared with 4, 057 million pounds , valuedat 
$1,275 million, in 1958. 

Total production of benzenoid plastics and resins was 2, 646 million pounds in 1959--25. 8 
percent more than the 2, 103 million pounds reported for 1958. Sales in 1959 amounted to 2, 200 
million pounds, valued at $606 million. Of the benzenoid group, styrene resins were produced in 
the largest volume, as in previous years. The output of styrene resins in 1959 was 977 million 
pounds; sales totaled 906 million pounds, valued at $255 million. Second in volume of output in the 
benzenoid group in 1959 were the phenolic and other tar-acid resins. Production of these resins in 
1959 was 625 million pounds--28. 1 percent more than the 488 million pounds reported produced 
in 1958. Sales amounted to 555 million pounds, valued at $154 million, compared with 440 million 
pounds, valued at $117 million, in 1958. The phthalic alkyd resins, used principally in the manu- 
facture of protective coatings, were third in volume of production in the benzenoid group; pro- 
duction in 1959 amounted to 473 million pounds. The output of epoxy resins in 1959 was 57 million 
pounds; that of polyester resins was 181 million pounds. 

Production of nonbenzenoid plastics and resins in 1959 amounted to 3,219 million pounds, com- 
pared with the 2,4 15 million pounds reported for 1958. Sales of these resins in 1959 amounted to 2, 970 
million pounds, valued at $ 1 , 034 million, compared with 2, 289 million pounds, valued at $806 
million, in 1958. Of the nonbenzenoid group, polyethylene resins were produced in the largest 
volume in 1959, exceeding the output of vinyl resins for the first time. The output of polyethylene 



42 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



resins amounted to 1, 195 million pounds in 1959, compared with 865 million pounds in 1958. Sales 
of polyethylene resins in 1959 totaled 1, 116 million pounds, valued at $355 million, compared with 
845 million pounds, valued at $270 million, in 1958. In this report, statistics are given for produc- 
tion and sales of polyethylene resins produced by both the high-pressure and the low-pressure 
processes. The output of vinyl resins in 1959, which ranked next to that of polyethylene resins, 
amounted to 1, 166 million pounds, compared with 869-million pounds in 1958. Sales of vinyl resins 
in 1959 totaled 1, 102 million pounds, valued at $340 million, compared with 829 million pounds, 
valued at $266 million, in 1958. 

The output of urea and melamine resins in 1959 was 424 million pounds- -about 21 percent 
more than the 349 million pounds produced in 1958. Sales of these resins amounted to 387 million 
pounds, valued at $116 million, in 1959, compared with 326 million pounds, valued at $97 million, 
in 1958. Other important resins in the nonbenzenoid group are the acrylic, polyamide, silicone, 
and nonphthalic alkyd resins. 

The statistics shown in table 16 on the production and sales of plastics and resins, by uses, 
were compiled principally from the Tariff Commission's monthly surveys on production and 
sales of synthetic plastics and resin materials. The largest single use reported for plastics 
materials in 1959- -as in previous years- -was for the molding and extrusion of finished and semi- 
finished articles. Other important uses for which statistics are shown are for adhesives, treat- 
ment of textiles and paper, protective coatings, and bonding materials. 

Production of cellulose plastics as a group amounted to 158 million pounds in 1959--about 
12 percent more than in 1958. Sales in 1959 were 152 million pounds, compared with 136 million 
pounds in 1958. 

Rubber-Processing Chemicals 

Rubber-processing chemicals are organic compounds that are added to natural and synthetic 
rubbers to give them qualities necessary for their conversion into finished rubber goods. In this 
report, statistics are given for cyclic and acyclic compounds by use- -such as accelerators, an- 
tioxidants, and peptizers. Statistics on the production and sales of rubber-processing chemicals in 
1959 are given in table 17A. 8 

Production of rubber-processing chemicals as a group in 1959 amounted to 2 10 million pounds, 
or 24.4 percent more than the 169 million pounds reported for 1958. The larger total output of 

TABLE 17 A. --Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of rubber-processing chemicals, 1959 

[Listed below are all rubber-processing chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where 
no data were reported. ) Table 17B in pt. Ill lists separately all rubber-processing chemicals for which data on 
production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 1 



Grand total 

RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

Total - - 

Accelerators, total 

Aldehyde-amines 

Dithiocarbamic acid derivatives 

Thiazole derivatives, total 

N-Cyclohexyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

2,2'-Dithiobis(benzothiazole) 

2-Mercaptobenzo thiazole 

All other 2 - - 

All other accelerators 

Antioxidants, amino and hydroxy compounds, total 3 

Amino compounds, total 

N,N'-Diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine 

All other 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 

210, 2H 



177, 722 



■'},St J : 



2,138 

263 

58,789 

6,422 
19,479 

6,872 
26,016 

9,672 

58, 892 



41,674 

2,861 

38,813 



1,000 
pounds 

159,002 



134,329 



46,330 



1,593 

231 

35,655 

5,748 
11, 612 

4,068 
14, 227 

8,851 

•44, 110 



34,434 

2,343 

32,091 



1,000 
dollars 

101, 878 



85,815 



28,220 



1,365 
405 
19,692 
4,001 
5,744 
1,692 
8,255 
6,758 

32, 224 



23,401 

2,099 

21,302 



Per 
pound 



$0.64 



.6: 



1.75 
.55 
.70 
.49 
.42 
.58 
.76 

.73 



' See also table 1 7B, pt. Ill, which lists these products alphabetically and Identifies the manufacturers. 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS 



43 



TABLE 17 A. —Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of rubber-processing 
chemicals, i959--Continued 



Production 



Unit 
value 1 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC- -Continued 

Antioxidants, amino and hydroxy compounds—Continued 

Hydroxy compounds, total 

Phenol, alkylated 

All other 

Peptizers 

All other cyclic rubber-processing chemicals* 

RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 
Total 

Accelerators, total 

Dithiocarbamic acid derivatives, total 5 

Dibutyldithiocarbamlc acid, zinc salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, potassium salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt and sodium 

poly sulfide 

All other 

Thiurams, total 6 

Bis (dimethylthiocarbamoyl) disulfide 

All other 

All other accelerators 

Blowing agents 

Peptizers, modifiers, and conditioning and lubricating 

agents, total 

Dodecyl mercaptans 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 
17, 218 
5,977 
11,241 

4,477 
43,491 



32,492 



9,676 
2,382 
7,294 

4,145 

39,744 



24,673 



1,000 
dollars 

8,823 
1,379 
7,444 

3,600 
21,771 



18,558 



11,874 



11, Oil 

1,415 

1,552 

388 

3,891 



3,765 
7,276 
5,538 
1,738 
271 

394 



13,540 



10,148 
3,392 



6,605 
1,182 
1,066 

2,525 

919 

913 

5,164 

3,640 

1,524 

105 

339 



:j,- . 



9,811 

4,973 

1,189 

959 

1,010 

329 
1,486 

4,758 
3,120 
1,638 



9,262 
3,198 



4,448 
1,239 



Per 

pound 



.58 

1.02 



.65 



.83 

.75 

1.01 

.90 

.40 

.36 
1.63 

.92 

.86 
1.07 

.76 



1 Calculated from rounded figures. 

2 Includes small quantities produced and sold for uses other than rubber processing. 

3 Data on production and sales of aldehyde and acetone amine antioxidants are included below in "All other cyclic 
rubber-processing chemicals." 

* Includes aldehyde and acetone amines, inhibitors, modifiers, stabilizers, blowing agents, and tackifiers. 

5 Data on dithiocarbamates included in this table are for material used chiefly in the processing of natural and 
synthetic rubbers. Data on dithiocarbamates which are used as fungicides are reported in the section "Pesticides and 
Other Organic Agricultural Chemicals." 

6 Includes data for small amounts of tetramethylthiuram sulfides for uses other than in the processing of natural 
and synthetic rubbers. 



rubber-processing chemicals in 1959 is attributable principally to increased production of cyclic 
accelerators and antioxidants. Sales of rubber-processing chemicals in 1959 amounted to 159 
million pounds, valued at $102 million, compared with 123 million pounds, valued at $80 million, 
in 1958. 

The output of cyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1959 amounted to 178 million pounds, or 
23. 2 percent more than the 144 million pounds reported for 1958. Sales were 134 million pounds, 
valued at $86 million, in 1959, compared with 103 million pounds, valued at $67 million, in 1958. 
Of the total output of cyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1959, accelerators accounted for 39.9 
percent and antioxidants for 33. 1 percent. Production of antioxidants, which amounted to 58.9 
million pounds in 1959, included 41.7 million pounds of amino compounds and 17. 2 million 
pounds of hydroxy compounds. In 1958 the output of amino antioxidants amounted to 32. 6 million 
pounds and that of hydroxy antioxidants, to 11.9 million pounds. Sales of amino antioxidants in _ 
1959 were 34.4 million pounds, valued at $23.4 million; sales of hydroxy antioxidants were 9. 7 
million pounds, valued at $8. 8 million. 



44 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



Production of acyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1959 amounted to 32. 5 million pounds, 
compared with the 24.7 million pounds reported for 1958. Sales in 1959 totaled 24.7 million 
pounds, valued at $16. 1 million, compared with 19. 5 million pounds, valued at $12. 6 million, in 
1958. Accelerators, principally dithiocarbamic acid derivatives and tetramethylthiuram sulfides, 
accounted for about 57. 1 percent of the output of acyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1959. 
Peptizers and modifiers- -chiefly dodecyl mercaptans, together with lubricating and conditioning 
agents--accounted for approximately 41.7 percent of the output in the acyclic group. 

Elastomers (Synthetic Rubbers) 

The synthetic rubber industry in the United States developed largely as the result of shortages 
of natural rubber during World War II. During the war several types of elastomers were developei 
and produced on a large scale. The most important of these was the styrene-butadiene copolymer, 
or S-type elastomer, a general-purpose material used in the manufacture of automobile tires and 
other rubber goods. Other types of elastomers, which are more specialized as to uses, include 
the nitrile type, or N-type; neoprene; polyalkalene sulfide; and silicone elastomers. 

The total output of all types of elastomers in 1959 amounted to 2,825 million pounds—rep- 
resenting an increase of 28.3 percent over the 2,202 million pounds reported for 1958. Sales 
of all types of elastomers in 1959 amounted to 2,601 million pounds, valued at $693 million, com- 
pared with 2, 008 million pounds, valued at $544 million, in 1958. Statistics on the production and 
sales of elastomers are given in table 18A. 9 

Production in 1959 of cyclic elastomers, which consisted principally of the polybutadiene- 
styrene type, or S-type, amounted to 2,213 million pounds, compared with 1,753 million pounds 

TABLE 18A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of elastomers (synthetic rubbers), 1959 1 

[Listed below are all elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for which reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data 
were reported. ) Table 18B in pt. Ill lists alphabetically all elastomers for which data on production or sales 
were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Unit 
value 2 



Grand total 

ELASTOMERS, CYCLIC 

Total 

Polybutadiene-styrene type (S-type) ■— 

Polyurethane type 

ELASTOMERS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Polybutadiene-acrylonitrile type (N-type) 

Polychloroprene type (Neoprene) 

Polyisobutylene-isoprene type (Butyl) 

Silicone elastomers 

All other acyclic elastomers* 



2,825,339 



2,600,629 



1,000 
dollars 
693,139 



pound 



$0.27 



2,212,757 



2,006,179 



2,210,380 
2,377 



612,582 



2, 00-4, 000 
2,179 



594,450 



460,836 
2,281 



230,022 



96,699 

279,586 

181,458 

5,215 

49,624 



510, 128 



38,618 



19,008 
172, 396 



3.94 
.34 



1 The term "elastomers" is defined as substances in bale, crumb, powder, latex, and other crude forms, which can 
be vulcanized or similarly processed into materials that can be stretched at 68° F. to at least twice their original 
length and, after having been so stretched and the stress removed, return with force to approximately their original 
length. 

2 Calculated from rounded figures. 

3 Elastomer-content basis. 

* Includes data for the production and sales of polyalkalene sulfide, polybutadiene, and polyisobutylene elas- 
tomers; for natural rubber modifications; and for sales of neoprene and butyl elastomers. 

Note. — Statistics on the production of S-type, N-type, butyl, and neoprene elastomers were compiled in cooperation 
with the U.S. Bureau of the Census. 



» See also table 18B, pt. m, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers. 



PLASTICIZERS 



45 



in 1958. Sales of cyclic elastomers in 1959 were 2,006 million pounds, valued at $463 million, 
compared with 1, 554 million pounds, valued at $362 million, in 1958. Production of polyurethane- 
type elastomers, shown separately for the first time in this report, amounted to 2.4 million 
pounds in 1959. 

The output in 1959 of acyclic elastomers, which consisted of the special-purpose types men- 
tioned above, amounted to 613 million pounds, about 36 percent more than the 449 million pounds 
produced in 1958. Sales of acyclic elastomers in 1959 were 594 million pounds, valued at $230 
million, compared with 454 million pounds, valued at $182 million, in 1958. Production of sili- 
cone elastomers, shown separately for the first time in this report, amounted to 5.2 million 
pounds in 1959. 



Plasticizers 

PlastLcizers are organic chemicals that are added to synthetic plastics and resin materials 
to (1) improve workability during fabrication; (2) extend or modify the natural properties of these 
resins; or (3) develop new, improved properties not present in the original resins. Plasticizers 
reduce the viscosity of the resins and make it easier to shape and form them at high temperatures 
and pressures. They also impart flexibility and other desirable properties to the finished product. 
Statistics on production and sales of plasticizers are given in table 19A. 

TABLE 19A. —Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of plasticizers, 1959 

[Listed below are all plasticizers for which reported data may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were reported. ) Table 19B in pt. Ill 
lists all plasticizers for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of 
each] 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 1 



Grand total 

PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC 
Total - 

Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown - 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below — 

Phosphoric acid esters: 

Cresyl diphenyl phosphate 3 

Tricresyl phosphate 3 

Triphenyl phosphate 

Phthalic anhydride esters, total 

Di butyl phthalate 

Dicyclohexyl phthalate 

Didecanoyl phthalate (Dicapryl phthalate) 

Diethyl phthalate ' 

Diisodecyl phthalate 

Di(2-methoxyethyl) phthalate 

Dimethyl phthalate 

Dioctyl phthalates, total 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate 

Diiso-octyl and mixed octyl phthalates 

Octyl decyl phthalates, total 

Iso-octyl isodecyl phthalate 

n-Octyl n-decyl phthalate 

All other 

All other phthalic anhydride esters 

PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC 
Total 

Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown 4 - 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below — 

Adipic acid esters, total 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate 

See footnotes at end of table. 



538,834 



1,000 
pounds 
476,429 



1,000 
>ll*rs 
142,071 



403,114 



361,742 



98,306 



46,372 
356,742 



45,568 
316,174 



15,320 
82,986 



10,525 

31,375 

8,427 



15,130 
6,683 

16,128 
28,777 

2,991 

3,318 
152,702 
106,575 
46,127 
20,466 

4,722 
10,291 

5,453 
60,220 



135,720 



9,509 
30,790 



275,875 



11,652 

3,461 

9,604 

10,615 

26,126 

2,805 

3,582 

132,215 

88,703 

43,512 

21,015 

5,783 

10,136 

5,096 

54,800 



114,687 



2,644 
9,361 



70,981 



3,143 

1,449 

2,399 

2,492 

6,718 

960 

850 

32,757 

22,069 

10,688 

5,332 

1,368 

2,705 

1,259 

14,881 



43,765 



67,284 
68,436 



61,037 
53,650 



22,411 
21,354 



14,035 



1,850 



11,274 



1,826 



4,736 



724 



$0.30 



46 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 19A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of plasticizers , 1959 — Continued 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 1 



PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Adipio acid esters — Continued 

Diisodecyl adipate 

Dioctyl adipate 

Octyl decyl adipate 

Complex adipio acid polyesters 

All other -1 

Azelaic acid esters, total 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) azelate 

All other 

Glycerol monoricinoleate 

Oleic acid esters, total 

Butyl oleate 

Methyl oleate 

All other 

Palmitic acid esters 

Phosphoric acid esters 

Sebacic acid esters, total 

Di butyl sebacate 

All other 

Stearic acid esters, total 

n- Butyl stearate 

All other - 

Triethylene glycol di(caprylate-caprate) 



1,000 
pounds 

2,989 
3,561 
1,770 
3,068 
797 

8,078 



7,091 
987 

430 

7,309 



3,055 
1,952 
1,506 
2,310 
625 

6,744 



1,000 

dollars 

1,209 

742 

569 

1,181 

311 

3,060 



2,101 

948 

4,260 

2,904 
8,231 



6,539 
205 



436 
5,018 



3,993 
5,976 

14,792 



~6W 
4,332 



7,206 
6,593 



2,954 
106 

152 

1,402 



4,118 
10,674 

2,688 



1,251 
5,342 

12,949 



T34~ 

1,248 

232 
2,987 

3,908 



3,444 
9,505 

2,541 



807 
3,101 

3,966 



"8TD" 
3,156 

911 



$0.40 
.38 
.38 
.51 
.50 

.45 



•'■Calculated from rounded figures. 

2 Includes data for synthetic camphor, toluenesulfonamides, tetrahydrofurfuryl oleate, and other cyclic 
plasticizers. 

'includes material produced for use as motor-fuel additive. 

^Includes data for citric and acetylcitric, tartaric, and ricinoleic acid esters; and for butyl myristate, 
glycerol and glycol esters of certain fatty acids, glycerol tripropionate, complex polymeric materials, epoxydized 
soya oil, and other acyclic plasticizers. 



The total domestic output of all types of plasticizers in 1959 amounted to 539 million pounds-- 
an all-time high--compared with the 418 million pounds produced in 1958. Part of the larger 
production in 1959 is accounted for by the output of companies that did not report in 1958. Sales 
of plasticizers in 195-9 amounted to 477 million pounds, valued at $142 million, compared with 356 
million pounds, valued at $111 million, in 1958. 

Production of cyclic plasticizers in 1959 amounted to 40 3 million pounds, compared with the 312 
million pounds reported for 1958; a part of the larger output in 1959 is accounted for by more 
complete statistical coverage. Sales of cyclic plasticizers in 1959 were 362 million pounds, 
valued at $98 million, compared with 265 million pounds, valued at $76 million, in 1958. The 
principal types of plasticizers included in the cyclic group are the esters of phthalic anhydride 
and phosphoric acid, and certain complex polymeric -type materials. 

The output of acyclic -plasticizers in 1959 amounted to 136 million pounds, compared with 106 
million pounds in 1958. Sales of acyclic plasticizers in 1959 were 115 million pounds, valued at 
$44 million, compared with 91 million pounds, valued at $35 million, in 1958. The most important 
products included in this class are the esters of adipic, azelaic, oleic, phosphoric, sebacic, and 
stearic acids. 

Surface-Active Agents 

The surface-active agents covered in this report include synthetic organic detergents, and 
wetting, emulsifying, and dispersing agents that function in either aqueous or nonaqueous systems. 
Soap, waxes, and plasticizers are not included. The data are reported in terms of 100-percent 
active material, and thus exclude all inorganic salts, water, and diluents. Active material is 
defined as the organic ingredient that provides the primary surface-active properties. For ex- 
ample, sodium alkyl aryl sulfonate activity is based on the content of the sodium salt, and 
potassium alkyl aryl sulfonate activity, on the content of the potassium salt. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



47 



Originally developed as soap substitutes for the textile industry, surface-active agents have 
proved valuable in many other applications because of their varied and specific properties. About 
60 percent of the total output of surface -active agents is now consumed in the form of packaged 
household and industrial detergents. The remainder of the surface-active agents, used as wet- 
ting, dispersing, penetrating, and emulsifying agents, find many applications in the processing 
of textiles and leather, in ore flotation and in oil-drilling operations, and in the manufacture of 
paints, agricultural sprays, lubricants, cosmetics, foods, and many other products. 

Statistics on production and sales of surface-active agents in 1959 are given in table 20A. 
Production of surface-active agents as a group totaled 1, 504 million pounds in 1959, or 11.0 
percent more than the 1, 355 million pounds reported for 1958. Sales were 1, 372 million pounds, 
valued at $271 million, in 1959, compared with 1,202 million pounds, valued at $235 million, in 
1958. 

In 1959 the production of anionic surface-active agents (sulfated and sulfonated cyclic and 
acyclic compounds, phosphorus -containing acyclic compounds, acyclic salts of fatty acids, and 
certain acyclic nonsulfonated nitrogen-containing compounds) amounted to 1,068 million pounds-- 
71.0 percent of the total output of surface-active agents in 1959, and 89 million pounds more than 
the output reported for 1958. Sales in 1959 totaled 1,024 million pounds, valued at $167 million, 
compared with 901 million pounds, valued at $148 million, in 1958. In volume of production in 
1959, the principal items in the anionic group were the alkyl benzenoid type of surface-active 
agents (531 million pounds) and the sulfated and sulfonated acids, alcohols, and esters (203 
million pounds). 



TABLE 20A. -Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of surface-active agents, 1959 1 

[listed below are all surface-active agents for which reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders 
are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were re- 
ported. ) Table 20B in pt. Ill lists all surface-active agents for which data on production or sales were re- 
ported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 2 



Grand total 

Amphoteric and cationic 

Anionic 

Nonionic 

SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC 

Total - — -- 

Esters and ethers, nonsulfonated (nonionic), total 3 

Nonylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

All other 

Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, nonsulfonated 

(cationic and amphoteric), total 

Benzyldodecyldimethylammonium chloride 

All other 

Sulfated and sulfonated cyclic surface-active agents 

(anionic), total 

Alkyl benzenoid compounds, sulfated and sulfonated, total 

Decylbenzenesulfonic acid 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, calcium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, isopropylammonium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 5 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, triethanolamine salt 

All other 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,504,059 



36,075 



1,067,560 



400,424 



936,063 



128,682 



71,967 
56,715 



11,289 



2,197 
9,092 



796,092 



531,239 
1,825 
54,486 
2,272 
2,372 

462,120 
2,354 
5,810 



1,000 
pounds 
1,372,177 



1,000 
dollars 
271,122 



34,193 



1,023,747 



314,237 



895,229 



110,189 



58,669 
51,520 



10,899 



2,135 
8,764 



774,141 



526,784 
1,854 
51,075 

2,173 

461,905 

2,268 

7,509 



17,777 



166,726 



86,619 



139,348 



28,231 



13,056 
15,175 



6,809 
1,624 



5,185 



104,308 
84,329 

448 

11,951 

694 

68,087 

685 

2,464 



pound 



$0.20 



"See also table 20B, pt. Ill, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers. 



48 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 20A. --Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of surface-active agents, 

1959 1 —Continued 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Sulfated and sulfonated cyclic surface-active agents 
(anionic ) — Continued 

Lignin derivatives, sulfonated, total 

Lignosulfonic acid, calcium salt 

All other 

Naphthalene derivatives, sulfonated, total 

Butylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, mono and di- 

Di-isopropyLnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

Isopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, mono- 

All other 

All other sulfated and sulfonated surface-active 

agents, total 6 

Petroleum sulfonate, water-soluble type, sodium salt 7 — 

Toluene sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Xylene sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

All other 

SURFACE -ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Esters and ethers, nonsulfonated (nonionic), total 8 

Diethylene glycol monolaurate 

Diethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Diethylene glycol monostearate 

Ethylene glycol monostearate 

Glycerol mono-oleate 

Glycerol monostearate 

Methoxypolyethoxyethyl coconut oil ester 

Polyethoxyethyl castor oil ether 

Polyethoxyethyl dilaurate 

Polyethoxyethyl dioleate 

Polyethoxyethyl distearate 

Polyethoxyethyl monolaurate 

Polyethoxyethyl mono-oleate 

Polyethoxyethyl monostearate 

Polyethoxyethyl oleyl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl tridecyl ether 

1,2-Propanediol monolaurate 

1,2-Propanediol monostearate 

All other 

Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, nonsulfonated 

(amphoteric, anionic, cationic, and nonionic), total 

N-(Aminoethyl)-N-(hydroxyethyl)octadecanamide (Stear amide 

of aminoethylethanolamine) 

N-(Aminoethyl)-N-(hydroxyethyl)ole amide 

N , N-B is ( 2 -hydroxyethyl ) dodec anami de 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)octadecanamide 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)oleamide 

Coconut oil amide of bis(diethanolamine) 

Coconut oil amide of mono(diethanolamine) 

Coconut oil amide of diethanolamine, neither bis nor mono 

Triethanolamine oleate 

All other 9 

Phosphorus -containing surface-active agents, nonsulfonated 
(anionic) 

Salts of fatty acids, nonsulfonated (anionic), total 

Coconut oil, potassium salt 

Potassium oleate 

Potassium tallate 



1,000 

pounds 

206,543 

173,637 

32,906 

4,435 

1,524 

425 

457 

2,029 

53,875 

1,106 

8,989 

16,248 

27,532 



567,996 



133,326 



~68T 

509 

1,938 

437 

1,271 

24,589 

72 

1,978 

472 

1,117 

392 

2,353 

2,755 

3,229 

1,749 

6,244 

314 

1,662 

136,558 



111,457 



2,087 

4,009 

1,260 

722 

5,845 

16,363 

4,597 

154 

76,420 



1,976 

12,761 



,000 


1 


000 


unds 


dollars 


195, 558 




9,409 


163,206 




7,384 


32,352 




2,025 


3,497 




1,467 


1,250 




653 


339 




128 


307 




149 


1,601 




537 



48,302 

8,995 
15,900 
23,407 



476,948 



125,218 



652 

160 

1,047 

434 

919 

22,018 

72 

380 

498 

390 

1,951 

1,655 

2,561 

1,736 

6,099 

315 

1,670 

82,661 



105,338 



65 
457 
3,637 



2,039 

288 

3,346 

1,056 

717 

4,015 

16,233 

4,413 

137 

73,094 



1,489 
12,605 



9,103 

891 
1,519 
6,693 



131,774 



33,235 



205 
48 
357 
162 
281 
5,421 
30 



• 147 

180 

147 

841 

657 

1,025 

1,001 

1,763 

135 

569 

20,266 



42,158 



56 
345 
3,611 



1,439 

79 

1,582 

411 

271 

1,377 

6,204 

1,315 

49 

29,431 



2,562 



22 

53 

652 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



49 



TABLE 20A. -- Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of surface-active agents, 

1959 1 — Continued 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 2 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Salts of fatty acids, nonsulfonated (anionic) — Continued 

Sodium stearate 

Tallow, sodium salt 

All other 

Sulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active agents 

(anionic), total 

Acids, alcohols, and esters, sulfated and sulfonated, 

total 

Oleic acid, sulfonated (Sulfonated red oil) 

Decyl sulfate 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate 

Dodecyl sulfate, ammonium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, diethanolamine salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

Isopropyl sulfo-oleate 

n-Propyl sulfo-oleate 

All other 

Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, sulfated and 

sulfonated, total 

Coconut oil amide of monoethanolamine , sulfated, 

potassium salt 

N -Methyl -N-oleoy It aurine 

All other 

Oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated, total--- 
Animal fats and oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Neat's-foot oil, sulfonated 

Tallow, sulfonated 

Fish and marine-animal oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Cod oil, sulfonated 

Sperm oil, sulfonated 

Tall oil, sulfonated 

Vegetable oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Castor oil, sulfonated 

Coconut oil, sulfonated 

Peanut oil, sulfonated 

Rice-bran oil, sulfonated 

Soybean oil, sulfonated 

All other oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and 

sulfonated 10 -- - 



1,000 
pounds 

1,683 
2,977 
3,942 



253,476 



203,384 

3,305 

37 

2,210 

537 

779 

16,291 

4,780 

949 

1,299 

173,197 

9,803 

116 

3,001 

6,686 

40,289 

1,363 
8,776 

2,657 

5,448 

355 

8,606 
744 

1,543 
488 
224 

10,085 



1,000 
dollars 



1,688 
2,971 
3,934 



232,298 



196,165 

1,784 

37 

2,051 

520 

605 

11,557 

4,537 



173,226 

10,717 

111 

10,606 
25,416 

832 
6,876 

1,842 

2,600 

329 

4,257 
400 

1,481 
105 
203 

6,491 



834 
324 
677 



53,174 



43,098 

729 

35 

1,110 

271 

477 

6,152 

1,274 

287 

226 

32,537 

4,704 



4,615 
5,372 

141 
858 

248 

492 

94 

1,135 

107 

353 

27 

76 

1,841 



pound 



1 Data are given in terms of bulk surface-active agents, that is, in terms of 100-percent content of surface- 
active agents, exclusive of all inorganic salts, water, or other ingredients. 

Calculated from rounded figures. 
3 Includes polyhydric alcohol «r>ri phenyl ethers and esters. 

Includes -quaternary ammonium compounds. 
5 Includes tridecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt. 
* Includes sulfated and sulfonated phenyl ethers and substituted biphenyls. 

7 Oil-soluble-type petroleum sulfonates used chiefly as lubricating -oil additives were transferred to miscella- 
neous cyclic chemicals in 1956. 

8 Includes certain lauric, oleic, and stearic acid esters reported as plasticizers prior to 1953. 

9 Includes amine salts of fatty acids, esters of hydroxyamines , fatty acid amines, quaternary ammonium compounds, 
salts of nitrilo acids, and fatty acid derivatives of guanidine, glycine, polypeptides, and others. 

10 Includes sodium salt of aliphatic petroleum sulfonate, and sulfonated animal, fish, and vegetable oils. 



Production of amphoteric and cationic surface-active agents (all cyclic and certain acyclic 
nonsulfonated nitrogen-containing compounds) in 1959 was 36 million pounds; sales totaled 34 
million pounds, valued at $18 million. 

In 1959 the output of all esters and ethers and those acyclic nonsulfonated nitrogen-contain- 
ing compounds generally considered to be nonionic materials totaled 400 million pounds. Sales 
in 1959 totaled 314 million pounds, valued at $87 million. 



50 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



Pesticides and Other Organic Agricultural Chemicals 

Pesticides (fungicides, herbicides, insecticides, and rodenticides) and other organic agri- 
cultural chemicals, such as plant hormones, seed disinfectants, soil conditioners, and soil 
fumigants, are covered in this section of the report. The data are given in terms of 100-percent 
active material; they thus exclude such materials as diluents, emulsifiers, synergists, and 
wetting agents. Statistics on production and sales of pesticides and other organic agricultural 
chemicals in 1959 are given in table 21A. 12 

In 1959, production of all pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals amounted to 
585 million pounds, or 8. 5 percent more than the 539 million pounds reported for 1958. Sales 
amounted to 503 million pounds, valued at $225 million, in 1959, compared with 467 million 
pounds, valued at $196 million, in 1958. 



TABLE 21A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of pesticides and other organic agricultural 

chemicals, 1959 

[Listed below are all pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which any reported data on production 
or sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be 
published or where no data were reported. ) Table 21B in pt. Ill lists all pesticides and other organic agricul- 
tural chemicals for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Quantity 



Unit 
valued- 



Grand total 

PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

Total 

Fungicides, total 

Mercury fungicides, total 

Phenylmercury oleate 

All other 

Naphthenic acid, copper salt 

Pentachlorophenol 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenol 

All other — 

Herbicides, total 

1-Naphthaleneacetic acid and derivatives 

Phenoxyacetic acid derivatives : 

(2,4-Dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid (2,4-D) 

(2,4-Dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, dimethylamlne salt — 

( 2, 4-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid esters, total 

(2,4-Dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, n-butyl ester 

(2,4-Dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, iso-octyl ester 

(2,4-Dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, isopropyl ester 

All other ^ 

(2,4, 5-Trichlorophenoxy) acetic acid (2,4,5-T) 

(2,4, 5-Trichlorophenoxy) acetic acid esters, total 

(2, 4, 5-Trichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, n-butyl ester — 
(2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, iso-octyl ester- 
All other 2,4,5-T esters 

Phenyljnercury acetate 

All other - 

Insecticides and rodenticides, total 

Chlorinated insecticides, total 

Hexachlorocyclohexane (Benzene hexachloride) 

and lindane 2 

l,l,l-Trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl) ethane (DDT) 

All other 



585,446 



468,833 



81,016 



76T 

407 

358 

1,887 

38,814 

5,152 

34,398 

82,195 



40 

29,282 
2,749 

24,672 
7,895 
2,934 
5,059 
8,784 
5,547 
8,033 

1,677 

6,356 

943 

10, 929 

305,622 



m, 065 

27, 574 
156,741 
102,750 



1,000 
ounds 
502,852 



409,580 



69,560 



634" 

374 

280 

1,788 

30,848 

36,270 

46,188 



40 

15,961 
2,473 

13,114 
5,412 
1,521 
2,826 
3,355 
2,290 
4,063 
106 
1,394 
2,563 
865 
7,382 

293,832 

275,317 



30,036 
148,725 
96,556 



1,000 
dollars 

225,469 



172,492 



23, 294 
1,798 

503 
1,295 

588 
5,198 

15,710 

38,672 



230 

5,750 
1,401 
6,087 
2,596 

652 
1,193 
1,646 
2,268 
4,489 

116 

1,489 

2,884 

2,729 

15,718 

110, 526 



90,241 

4,580 
29,627 
56, 034 



Per 
pound 



.42 



.33 

2.75 

1.34 

4.62 

.33 

.17 

.43 

.84 
5.75 



.36 

.57 

.46 

.48 

.43 

.42 

.49 

.99 

1.10 

1.09 

1.07 

1.13 

3.15 

2.13 

.38 
.33 



.15 
.20 
.58 



See footnotes at end of table. 



"See also table 21B, pt. Ill, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



51 



TABLE 21A. --Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of pesticides and other organic agricultural 

chemicals, 1959 — Continued 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 1 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Insecticides and rodenticides — Continued 
0, O-Dimethyl 0-(p-nitrophenyl)phosphorothioate (Methyl 

parathion) 

Parathion (0,0-Diethyl O-(p-nitrophenyl)phosphorothioate) 
All other 

PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

Total - 

Fungicides and soil fumigants, total 

Bromomethane (Methyl bromide) 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt (Ziram) 

Ethylene bis(dithiocarbamic acid), disodium salt (Nabam)- 
All other 

Herbicides, rodenticides, and soil conditioners, total 

Methanearsonic acid, disodium salt 

All other 

Insecticides 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



5,987 
9,180 
3,390 



116,613 



7,8L4 
7,924 
2,777 



93,272 



6,006 
5,763 
8,516 



52,977 



86,231 



11, 193 

757 

3,350 

70,931 

17,844 



64,089 



28,883 



444 
17,400 



12, 538 



11, 094 

938 

3,367 

48,690 

15,361 



5,027 

682 

1,997 

21,177 

9,099 



434 
14,927 



13,822 



452 
8,647 



14,995 



$0.77 

.73 

3.07 



.45 
.45 
.73 
.59 
.43 



1 Calculated from rounded figures. 

2 Production of the gamma isomer content in benzene hexachloride and lindane totaled 5.5 million pounds; sales 
amounted to 6.6 million pounds. 



The output of cyclic pesticides and other cyclic chemicals in this group totaled 469 million 
pounds in 1959, or 5.4 percent more than the 445 million pounds produced in 1958. Sales were 
410 million pounds, valued at $172 million, in 1959, compared with 378 million pounds, valued 
at $148 million, in 1958. 

Production of cyclic insecticides and rodenticides in 1959 was 306 million pounds, or 52. 2 
percent of the total output of all organic pesticides and 65.2 percent of the total output of cyclic 
pesticides. Sales in 1959 totaled 294 million pounds, valued at $111 million. The chemical in this 
subgroup that was produced in the greatest quantity in 1959 was the insecticide DDT, production 
of which amounted to 157 million pounds, a record high for this chemical. 

The output of acyclic pesticides and other acyclic organic agricultural chemicals in 1959 
amounted to 1 17 million pounds, or 23. 4 percent more than the 95 million pounds produced in 
1958. Sales were 93 million pounds, valued at $53 million, in 1959, compared with 89 million 
pounds, valued at $48 million, in 1958. 

Miscellaneous Synthetic Organic Chemicals 

As used in this report, the term "miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals" refers to such 
products as halogenated hydrocarbons, paint driers, photographic chemicals, solvents, and tan- 
ning materials that are not included in the use groups covered in the other sections of the report. 
Production of these miscellaneous chemicals as a group totaled 29,958 million pounds in 1 959- - 
about 10. 6 percent more than the 27, 082 million pounds produced in 1958. Sales totaled 13, 407 
million pounds, valued at $ 1 , 959 million, in 1959, compared with 10, 867 million pounds, valued 
at $1,648 million, in 1958. Statistics on production and sales of miscellaneous chemicals in 1959 
are given in table 22A. 



" See also table 22B, pt. in, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers. 



52 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 22A. — Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of miscellaneous chemicals, 1959 



^Listed below are all miscellaneous chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data 
were reported. ) Table 22B in pt. Ill lists alphabetically all miscellaneous chemicals for which data on produc- 
tion or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Quantity 



Grand total 

MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 



1,000 

pounds 

29,937,322 



Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown- 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below — 

Benzoic acid salts: Sodium benzoate, tech. and U.S.P 

Cyclopropane 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol, total 

Food grade 

Tech 

Flotation reagents 

Gasoline additives, total 2 

N,N-Di -sec-butyl -p-phenylenediamine 

All other 

Hexamethylenetetramine, tech 

Lubricating oil additives, total -- 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, barium salt 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

All other 

Naphthenic acid salts, total 3 4 

Calcium naphthenate 

Cobalt naphthenate 

Iron naphthenate 

Lead naphthenate 

Manganese naphthenate 

Zinc naphthenate 

All other 

Photographic chemicals, total 

Benzotriazole 

p-Diethylaminobenzenediazonium chloride (p-Diazo-N,N- 
diethylaniline) - zinc chloride 

All other 

Propyl gallate 

Rosin acid salts, total 3 : 

Lead resinate 

All other : 

Tall oil salts (Linoleic-rosin acid salts), total 3 

Cobalt tallate 

Lead tallate 

Manganese tallate 

All other 



753,015 



244,772 
508,243 



5,173 
177 



13,617 



3,219 
10,398 



5,110 



8,604 

6,006 



2,598 
27,790 



377,646 



73,731 
101,518 

94,276 
108,071 

17,275 



1,544 
3,213 
137 
9,405 
1,608 



5,928 



107 
5,821 



87 
800 



34 
766 



6,338 



2,350 

2,935 

684 

369 



1,000 



13,406,678 



1,000 
dollars 
1,958,532 



452,636 



124,181 
328,455 



5,100 
144 



13,018 



3,181 
9,837 



3,620 



5,336 
2,043 



15,132 
217,859 



64,946 
69,036 
83,877 

14, £ 



1,249 

2,646 

134 

8,364 

1,321 
813 
353 

5,444 



109 
5,316 



25 
367 



5,839 



2,129 

2,699 

631 

380 



136,211 



46,146 
90,065 



1,749 
2,419 



3,343 



2,142 
6,201 



1,193 

8,151 



5,437 
2,714 



3,081 
38,448 



9,674 
9,457 
19,317 

6,270 



"593" 

1,950 

52 

2,595 

552 

332 

191 

8,189 



281 
7,797 



7 
110 



2,135 



1,058 
778 
197 
102 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



53 



TABLE 22A.-- Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of miscellaneous chemicals, 

J959--Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Tanning materials, synthetic, total 

2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate and 

salts 

All other 

Textile chemicals 

MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

Total- 

Chemicals for which separate statistics may not be shown— 
Chemicals for which separate statistics are shown below— 

Acetaldehyde 

Acetic acid, synthetic 100$ 5 

Acetic acid salts, total 

Ammonium acetate 

Copper acetate 

Potassium acetate 

Zinc acetate 

All other 

Acetic anhydride, 100$, from all sources 

Acetone, total 

From isopropyl alcohol 

All other 

Acrylic acid 

Acrylonitrile 

Adipic acid 

Alcohols, monohydric, unsubstituted, total 

Alcohols C 9 or lower, total 

Butyl alcohols 

Ethyl alcohol, synthetic only- 6 

Iso-octyl alcohols 

Isopropyl alcohol 

j.iethanol, synthetic only 7 

1- and 2-0ctanol 

All other 

Alcohols Cio and higher, total 

Decyl alcohols 

1-Hexadecanol (Cetyl alcohol) 

All other 

Amines, total 

Butylamine 

Coconut oil amine 

Diethylaraine 

Dime thy lanine 

Hexadecylamine 

Methylamine, mono- 

Tallow amine, hydrogenated 

Trimethylamine 

All other 

Amyl acetates, 90$ 

Eis(2-chloroethyl) ether (Dichlorodiethyl ether) 

Butyl acetates, 90$, total 

Normal 

-'11 ether 



1,000 
pounds 

37,169 



33,426 
3,743 



2,529 



29,204,507 



6,537,771 
22,666,736 



648,720 
19,886 



804 

558 

17,812 

1,096,677 

736,209 



622,139 
114,070 



232,253 



5,601,5o6 



5,377,714 

546,123 

1,625,844 

53,115 

l,12o,3S9 

1,759,182 

8,109 

258,952 

223, S72 

46,749 

940 

176,183 

345,4So 



843 

869 

. 

27,786 

205 

5,325 

1,236 

6,966 

296,484 

10,337 
12,265 

92,3S1 



64,135 
28,246 



Quantity 



1,000 
pounds 

37,083 



33,329 
3,754 



2,517 



12,954,042 



2,288,559 
10,665,483 



57,429 

- :,'■'- 



13,2^2 



75 

615 

606 

16,996 



441,744 



341,610 
100,134 

595 
192,091 
34,105 

2,890,505 



2,807,519 

236,411 

569,334 

53,791 

428,092 

1,031,048 

8,101 

180,742 

82,986 

756 
82,230 

35,527 



451 
590 

13,395 

4,670 

1,045 

1,693 

63,683 

7,700 
7,820 

89,436 



1,000 
dollars 



6,524 



5,063 
1,461 



3,307 



1,822,321 



694,062 
1,128,259 



63,440 



4,804 
9,455 



3,o03 



48 

184 

190 

3,181 



31,699 

24,872 

6,827 

348 
49,594 
10,431 



203,295 
184,307 
29,656 
48,492 
10,139 
25,569 
38,020 
1,627 
31,304 
18,488 

247 
18,241 



241 
324 

3,619 

1,027 

441 

383 

27,200 

1,311 
530 

11,323 



8,656 
2,6"2 



Unit 
value 1 



See footnotes a"- end of table. 



54 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 22 A. -Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of miscellaneous chemicals, 

1959-- Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Butyric acid 

Carbon disulfide 

Cellulose esters and ethers, total 

Cellulose acetate 

Sodium carboxymethylcellulose, 100$ 

All other 

Chloral (Trichloroacetaldehyde) 

Chloroacetic acid, mono- 

Chloroacetic acid, mono, derivatives: Ethyl chloroacetate 
2-Chloro-N,N-dimethylethylamine (Dlmethylaminoethyl 

chloride) hydrochloride 

Diethylene glycol 

Diethyl malonate (Malonic ester) 

2-Dimethylaminoethanol 

Dodecenylsuccinic anhydride 

Epichlorohydrin 

Ethanolamines , total 

2-Aminoethanol (Monoethanolamine) 

2,2'-Lminodiethanol (Diethanolamine) 

2,2',2"-Nitrilotriethanol (Triethanolamine) 

Ethyl acetate, 85^. — 

Ethyl acrylate 

Ethylene glycol 

Ethylene oxide 

Ethyl ether, all grades 

Ethyl formate 

2-Ethylhexanoic (a-Ethylcaproic) acid salts, total 

Calcium 2-ethylhexanoate 

Cobalt 2-ethylhexanoate 

Lead 2-ethylhexanoate 

Manganese 2-ethylhexanoate 

Zinc 2-ethylhexanoate 

All other 

Ethyl propionate 

Fatty acid esters, not included with plasticizers or 

surface-active agents, total 

Isopropyl myristate 

Isopropyl oleate 

All other 

Formaldehyde, 37^6 by weight 

Formic acid, 90<G- 

Formic acid salts 

Fumaric acid 

Halogenated hydrocarbons, total 

Carbon tetrachloride 

Chlorinated paraffins, total 

3536-64$ Chlorine— ^ 

All other 

Chlorodifluoromethane 

Chloroethane (Ethyl chloride) 

Chloroform, total 

Tech 

U.S.P — 

Chlorome thane (Methyl chloride) 



563,138 
762,573 



538,173 
40,514 
183,886 

55,792 

42,660 

1,164 

150 
93,308 
587 
722 
883 



124,812 



43,177 
52,178 
29,457 

101,027 

1,214,550 
1,394,626 



2,600 



901 
440 
281 
35 
143 
800 



2,858 



Quantity 



620 
522,248 



214,462 



39,809 
174,653 



78 
81,543 

477 

25,185 

103,433 



37,866 
37,705 
27,862 

85,417 
12,438 
630,227 
135,307 
77,209 
94 

1,481 



132 
304 
194 
30 
105 
716 



758 


675 


312 


632 






1,468 


1,429 


503 


1,750,218 


685,986 


22,965 


19,786 


17,909 


2,590 


24,596 


17,965 


858 


16,258 


13,844 


3,997 


5,062,926 


2,418,958 


301,975 


367,847 


311,935 


25,082 


32,607 


30,052 


4,002 


15,791 


14,550 


1,828 


16,816 


15,502 


2,174 


33,906 


21,119 


14,597 


550,816 


210,418 


15,730 


70,717 


48,724 


5,553 


69,314 


47,819 


5,352 


1,403 


905 


201 


67,067 


31,931 


3,779 



1,000 
dollars 

166 
26,194 

88,570 



17,784 
70,786 



127 
10,257 



6,909 
22,474 



7,873 
8,571 
6,030 

9,954 

4,175 

62,191 

18,079 

5,653 

27 



,138 

TT 

273 

78 

16 

46 

641 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



55 



TABLE 22A. --Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of miscellaneous chemicals, 

1959 — Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Halogenated hydrocarbons — Continued 

Dichlorodifluoromethane 

1,2-Dichloroethane (Ethylene dichloride) 

Dichloromethane (Methylene chloride) 

Dichlorotetrafluoroethane 

Tetraehloroethylene (Perchloroethylene) 

Trichloroethylene 

Trichlorofluorome thane 

Vinyl chloride, monomer (Chloroethylene) 

All other 

Isoascorbic a^id 

Isopropyl acetate 

Isopropyl ether 

Lactic acid, 100$, total 

Edible 

Medicinal and tech 

Lactic acid salts 

Linoleic acid salts, total 3 

Calcium linoleate 

Cobalt linoleate 

Lead linoleate 

All other 

Lubricating oil additives, total 

Phosphorodithioates (Dithiophosphates) 

Sulfurized sperm oil 

All other 

Kaleic anhydride 

Mereaptoacetic (Thioglycolic) acid derivatives, total - 
Ammonium mercaptoacetate (Ammonium thioglycolate) — 
All other 

Methyl acetate 

Oleic acid salts, total 8 

Copper oleate 

All other 

Oxalic acid 

Oxalic acid salts 

Palmitic acid salts: Zinc palmitate 

Pentaerythritol 

Pentaerythritol tetranitrate 

Phosgene (Carbonyl chloride) 

Phosphorus aoid esters, not elsewhere specified 

Polyacrylic acid salts 

Polyethylene glycol 

Propionic acid 

Propionic acid salts: 

Calcium propionate 

Sodium propionate 

Propylene glycol (1,2-Propanediol) 

Propylene oxide 

Sequestering agents, total 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid, sodium salt 



1, 000 
pounds 

157,132 

1,140,112 

112,740 

8,198 

202,992 

360,223 

60,421 

977,891 

920,257 

212 
31,300 
4,171 

5,660 



4,398 
1,262 



1,047 



20? 
124 



182,827 



Quantity 



52,780 
14,147 
115,900 

60,607 

2,528 



1,780 
748 



3,669 



234 

20,443 

5,342 

375 

64,137 
4,370 

36,752 
7,963 
1,662 

37,359 

28,290 

7,641 

4,710 

151,510 

288,359 

19,584 
268" 



151,716 
354,771 
98,688 
7,967 
185,990 
302,215 

329,360 
334,072 



29,311 
2,573 



5,435 



4,246 
1,189 



796 
555 



325 
58,716 



2,104 
56,612 



49,231 
1,975 



1,000 
dollars 



1,307 
668 



30 
220 

19,002 
5,241 

52,283 
2,488 
6,289 
7,388 
1,502 

32,096 
9,034 

8,140 
4,928 



15,338 



222 



46,830 
17,423 
10,997 
4,895 
19,604 
34,950 

35,817 
62,716 



3,146 
165 



2,250 



1,847 
403 



236 

177 



132 
12,051 



395 
11,656 



12,853 
1,961 



1,338 
623 



3,473 
1,260 

15,382 
1,895 
1,379 
4,074 
1,973 
7,726 
1,666 

2,207 
1,388 



Unit 
value 1 



See footnotes at end of table. 



56 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 22A. —Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales of miscellaneous chemicals, 

1959— Continued 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 1 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC—Continued 

Sequestering agents — Continued 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid (Ethylenediamine- 

tetraacetic acid) 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraaoetio acid, monosodium iron 

salt -■ 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetrasodium salt- 
(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedlnltrilo)triacetic acid, 

trisodium salt 

All other 

Sodium formaldehydesulfoxylate 

Sodium methoxide (Sodium methylate) 

Stearic acid salts, total 9 

Aluminum stearates, total 

Aluminum distearate 

Aluminum stearate, other 

Ammonium stearate 

Calcium stearate 

Lead stearate 

Lithium stearate 

Magnesium stearate 

Zinc stearate 

All other 

Triethylene glycol 

Urea in compounds or mixtures (100$ basis), total 10 

In feed compounds * 

In liquid fertilizer 

In solid fertilizer 

All other 

Vinyl acetate, monomer 

Zinc formaldehydesulfoxylate 



3,380 



444 
8,851 



A, 064 
2,577 



7,248 
3,856 



24,593 

57SI0" 

4,474 

1,436 

326 

6,441 

388 

158 

877 

7,823 

2,670 

30,979 

1,261,264 



371,906 
516,237 
373,121 

243,845 
1,364 



1,000 
dollars 



1,883 



523 
6,735 



3,895 
2,080 



6,848 



23,167 

6,031 

4,623 

1,408 

348 

5,462 

305 

152 

919 

7,441 

2,509 

27,102 

1,153,126 



161,896 
325,062 
502,373 
163,795 

160,123 
1,333 



370 
2,915 



1,039 
1,013 



1,304 



9,075 



2,306 
1,753 

553 

59 

2,010 

110 
74 

385 
2,908 
1,223 

4,639 

56,392 



8,196 
17,079 
23,386 

7,731 

25,540 
543 



Per 
pound 



$0.45 



.71 

.43 



1 Calculated from rounded figures. 

2 Statistics exclude production and sales of tricresyl phosphate. Statistics on tricresyl phosphate are given in 
the section "Plasticizers." 

Quantities are given on the basis of solid naphthenate, resinate, tallate, or linoleate content. 
* Statistics exclude production and sales of copper naphthenate. Statistics on copper naphthenate are given in the 
section "Pesticides and Other Organic Agricultural Chemicals. " 

5 In addition, production of natural acetic acid totaled 23,504 thousand pounds. 

6 Statistics on production of ethyl alcohol from natural sources by fermentation are issued by the Alcohol Tax 
Unit, U.S. Internal Revenue Service. 

7 In addition, production of methanol from natural sources totaled 14,097 thousand pounds. 

8 Statistics exclude production and sales of potassium and sodium oleate. Statistics on these oleates are included 
in the section "Surface-Active Agents." 

9 Statistics exclude production and sales of potassium and sodium stearates. Statistics on these stearates are 
included in the section "Surface-Active Agents." 

10 Production of urea in primary solution totaled 1,262,365 thousand pounds. 



The output of cyclic miscellaneous chemicals as a group totaled 753 million pounds in 1959 — 
8.3 percent more than the 695 million pounds reported for 1958. Sales totaled 453 million pounds, 
valued at $136 million, in 1959, compared with 427 million pounds, valued at $128 million, in 
1958. On the basis of use, the most important group was the lubricating oil additives, production 
of which amounted to 378 million pounds in 1959, compared with 387 million pounds in 1958. 

In 1959 the output of acyclic miscellaneous chemicals as a group totaled 29, 204 million 
pounds, or 10.7 percent more than the 26,386 million pounds reported for 1958. This miscellane- 
ous group includes chemicals used as acyclic intermediates, solvents, flotation reagents, 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 57 



aerosol prope Hants, refrigerants, and for other purposes. Sales of acyclic miscellaneous 
chemicals totaled 12,954 million pounds, valued at $1,822 million, in 1959, compared with 
10,439 million pounds, valued at $1,520 million, in 1958. The large difference between produc- 
tion and sales of acyclic miscellaneous chemicals indicates that a substantial part of the output 
is consumed at the producing plants in the manufacture of more advanced products. 1 '* 

Production of halogenated hydrocarbons (a group consisting of chlorine, bromine, fluorine, 
and iodine derivatives of hydrocarbons) totaled 5,063 million pounds in 1959, compared with 
4,083 million pounds in 1958. This subgroup includes such chemicals as ethyl chloride, ethylene 
dichloride, and monomeric vinyl chloride. 

Individual chemicals the output of which exceeded 1 billion pounds in 1959 were synthetic 
methanol (1.8 billion pounds, compared with 1 . 4 billion pounds in 1958); formaldehyde (1.8 
billion pounds, compared with 1.4 billion pounds in 1958); ethyl alcohol (1.6 billion pounds, 
compared with 1 . 5 billion pounds); ethylene oxide ( 1 . 4 billion pounds, compared with 1.2 billion 
pounds); urea (1.3 billion pounds, compared with 1.1 billion pounds); ethylene glycol ( 1 . 2 billion 
pounds, compared with 1. 1 billion pounds); acetic anhydride and isopropyl alcohol (each 1. 1 
billion pounds, compared with 1.0 billion pounds); and dichloroethane (1.1 billion pounds, com- 
pared with 0.8 billion pounds). 

"Acyclic miscellaneous chemicals used in the manufacture of more advanced products are acyclic intermediates. Although acyclic inter- 
mediates correspond in function to cyclic intermediates, the chemical industry does not commonly recognize any special group of acyclic mis- 
cellaneous chemicals as intermediates. 



PART in. ALPHABETICAL LIST OF INDIVIDUAL PRODUCTS, BY GROUPS, 
AND NAMES OF MANUFACTURERS 

This section of the report consists of (1) a series of tables that supplement the statistical 
information given in parts I and II, and (2) a Directory of Manufacturers. The tables with num- 
bers that include the letter "B" supplement the tables in part I or part II with numbers that in- 
clude the letter "A"; for example, table 8B in part III supplements table 8A in part II. 

Each table in part III lists alphabetically the individual items in each group for which data 
on production or sales were reported for 1959. The tables include only data on those chemicals 
for which the volume of production or sales in 1959 exceeded 1,000 pounds or for which the value 
of sales exceeded $1,000. Where separate statistics for an item are given in the tables in part I 
or part II, an asterisk (*) precedes the name of the item in the tables in part III. The manufac- 
turers of each product are indicated by identification codes which are listed in the Directory 
of Manufacturers (table 23). A few companies, however, have specifically requested that they 
not be identified as having produced or sold certain items. These manufacturers are indicated 
by a small letter "x" in the tables. 

Tar Crudes 

TABLE 4B. —Organic chemicals: Tar crudes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1959 

[Tar crudes for which separate statistics are given in table 4A are marked below with an asterisk (*); products 
not so marked do not appear in table 4A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be 
published. Manufacturers ' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. Table 23 identifies all 
U.S. producers of tar crudes (except producers that report to the Division of Bituminous Coal, U.S. Bureau of 
Mines )] 



Product 


Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 1 






Light-oil distillates: 


ACP, ACY, COS, KPP, OIL. 
ACP, ACY, COS, KPP, OIL. 


















♦Naphthalene , crude, solidifying at — 










ACP ACY, KPT, PRD, RIL, RUR, TAR. 


Crude tar-acid oils having a tar-acid content of — 






ACP, KPT, NEV, RIL, TAR. 




♦Creosote oil (Dead oil): 


ACP, ACY, CBT, COP, CRT, JEN, KPT, LEW, REP, RIL, 




RUR, TAR. 
ACP, HUS, JEN, KPT, RIL, RUR, TAR. 








ACP, JEN, KPT, LEW, 0LC, REP, RIL, TAR. 


♦Tar for other uses: 






ACP, KPT, LEW, REP, RIL, RUR, TAR. 


Pitch of tar: 
*Soft and medium (water softening points less than 
110° F., and 110° F. to 160° F.). 


ACP, COP, JEN, KPT, LEW, REP, RIL, RUR, TAR. 

ACP, COP, KPT, REP, RIL. 
CRT, JEN, KPT, REP, RIL, TAR. 









1 Does not include manufacturers' identification codes for producers that report to the Division of Bituminous 
Coal, U.S. Bureau of Mines. These producers are listed in the U.S. Bureau of Mines Information Circular No. 7996, 
Coke Plants in the United States on December 31. 1959. 



59 



£>0 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 

Crude Products From Petroleum and Natural Gas for Chemical Conversion 

TABLE 5B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion 
for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959 

[Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which separate statistics are given in 
table 5A are marked below with an asterisk (*); products not so marked do not appear in table 5A because the 
reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown 
below are taken from table 23] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



AROMATICS AND NAPHTHENES 

•Alkyl aromatics, distillates, and solvents 

•Benzene (except motor grade): 

•Benzene, 1° 

•Benzene, 2° 

•Cresylic acid, crude 

Cyclopentadiene 

•Naphthenic acids: 

Acid number less than 150 

Acid number 150-199 

Acid number 200-224 

•Acid number 225-249 

Sodium carbolate and phenate, crude 

•Toluene : 

•Nitration grade, 1° 

•Pure commercial grade, 2° 

Solvent grade 

All other 

•Xylenes, mixed: 

Aviation grade 

•Nitration grade, 3° and 5° 

All other 

All other aromatics and naphthenes 

ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS 

*Ci hydrocarbon: Methane 

*C2 hydrocarbons: 

Acetylene 

•Ethane 

•Ethylene 

C2 and C3 hydrocarbons, mixed 

•Cj hydrocarbons: 

•Propane 

•Propane -propylene mixture 

•Propylene 

• C; hydrocarbons: 

•1,3 -Butadiene, grade for rubbers (elastomers) 

•Butadiene and butylene fractions 

*n-Butane 

1-Butene 

2-Butene 

*1-Butene and 2-butene mixture 

•Isobutane (2-Methylpropane) 

•Isobutylene (2-Methylpropene) 

All other 

•C5 hydrocarbons: 

Isopentane (2-Methylbutane) 

Isoprene (2-Methyl-l,3-butadiene) 



ACC, AMD, CSD, DOW, DUP, ESL, GOC, HUM, JCC, OMC, 
PET, PLC, SM, SNT, WYN. 

APR, ASH, CSD, DLH, ESL, EST, GOC, GRS, HUM, RIC, 

SNT, SUN, VPT. 
AMD, CO, DOW, EST, SHO, SOC, SOI, UCC, VEL. 
ATR, PRD, PRO, RIC, SHO, SOI, UOC. 
SHC. 

SUN, TX. 

RIC, SM, SOC, SUN. 

RIC, SM, SOC. 

ESO, RIC, SHO, SM, SOC. 

ATR, GOC. 

ASH, CSD, DLH, EST, FG, GOC, GRS, LEN, RIC, SHO, SIN, 

SNT, SUN, VPT. 
DOW, HUM, MIC, PRO, SHC, SHO. 
ASH, CO, SOI, UCC. 
DLH, EST, HUM, SOC, VEL. 

CSD, PRO, SOC, VPT. 

ASH, DLH, SIN, SNT. 

ACC, AMO, ASH, DLH, EST, GRS, HUM, SHO, SOC, SOI, 

SUN, VPT. 

ESL, LEN, PLC, SHC, SM. 



CCP, NPC, PAN, PLC, SOI. 

ACY, DOW, MTC, J. 

CCP, ESL, NPC, PAN, PLC, SOI, TX, UCC. 

CCP, DOW, DUP, EKX, ESL, ESO, GOC, HUM, JCC, KPP,, 

MIC, NPC, OMC, PET, PLC, RIC, SHC, SOI, TX, UCC. 
ESL, JCC, SM. 

AMO, ASH, CCP, CSD, DLH, DOW, ESL, EST, JCC, NPC, OMC, 
PAN, PET, PLC, PLP, PRO, RIC, SHO, SIN, SM, SNT, 
SOI, UCC. 

GOC, PLC, TX. 

ACS, CCP, DOW, DUP, EKX, ESL, HUM, JCC, MIC, PET, 
PLC, SHC, SHO, SIN, SOI, UCC, UOC, WYN. 

CYP, DOW, DUP, ESL, FRS, GGC, HUM, ODB, PET, PLC, 

PTT, SHC, SOC, TUS, TXB, UCC. 

ACS, DOW, MTC, PLC, SHO, SIN, SOC. 

CSD, EST, NPC, OMC, PAN, PLC, PLP, PRO, SHO, SM, 

SNT, SOC, SOI. 
PLC, PTT. 
PLC, PTT. 

AMO, CCP, ESL, GOC, PRO, PTT, SHO, SOC, TX, TXB. 

CCP, NPC, OMC, PAN, PLC, SHO, SOI. 

CCP, ESL, ESO, HUM, PTT, SIN. 

HUM, JCC, NPC, PLC, SOI, UCC. 

CCP, CSD, PLC, SOI. 
ESL, HUM, SHC, SOI. 



CRUDE PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS 



61 



TABLE 5B. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion 
for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959— Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS— Continued 

*C 5 hydrocarbons- -Continued 

n-Pentane 

All other 

C6 hydrocarbons: 

Diisopropyl (2,3-Dimethylbutane) 

Hexane 

Isohexane 

Neohexane (2,2-Dimethylbutane) 

All other 

C7 hydrocarbons: 

n-Heptane 

Heptenes 

Isoheptane 

All other 

Cg hydrocarbons : 

*Diisobutylene (Diisobutene) 

n-Octane 

2,2,4-Trimethylpentane (Iso-octane) 

All other 

Hydrocarbons, C9 and above: 

*l-Dodecene (Tetrapropylene) 

Eicosane 

*Nonene (Tripropylene) 

*Polybutene 

Triisobutylene 

All other 

^Hydrocarbon derivatives: 

tert-Butyl mercaptan (2-Methyl-2-propanethiol) 

Di-tert -butyl disulfide 

Isopropyl mercaptan 

Methyl mercaptan (Me thane thiol) 

tert-Octyl mercaptan 

All other 



PLC. 
ACS, 


HUM, 


NPC, 


PAS, PLC, 


SHC 


PLC. 
EST, 
PLC. 
PLC. 
PLC. 


HUM, 


PLC. 






EKX, 
ESL, 
PLC. 
PLC. 


EST, 
GOC, 


HUM, 
HUM. 


PLC. 




ATR, 
HUM, 
PLC. 
PLC 


PTT, 
PLC. 


SHC, 


TX. 





ACC, AMD, CO, ESL, GOC, HUM, RIC, SNT, SOC, SUN, TX. 

ATR. 

AMO, ATR, ESL, GOC, HUM, SUN. 

CSD, SOC, SOI. 

ATR. 

ACC, CO, EKX, GOC, KEN, PLC, PRO, PTT, SNT, SOC. 

PLC. 
PLC. 
SOC. 

ACC, PAS. 
PLC. 

ACY, COP, DOW, EKX, MIC, NPC, PAN, PAS, PLC, SOC, 
SOI, UCC, UOC. 



62 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



Cyclic Intermediates 

TABLE 7B. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 

identified by manufacturer, 1959 

[Cyclic intermediates for which separate statistics are given in-table 7A are marked below with an asterisk (*); 
cyclic intermediates net so marked do not appear in table 7A because the reported data are accepted in confidence 
and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x signifies 
that the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product. Appendix C lists alpha- 
betically all the important common names of cyclic intermediates usually encountered in the trade and gives the 
corresponding standard {Chemical Abstracts) name under which the manufacturers' identification codes are given in 
this table] 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



Aceanthra[2,l-a]aceanthrylene-5,13-dione 

5-Acetamido-2-aminobenzenesulfamic acid 

4-Acetamido-2-aminobenzenesulfonic acid 

2-Acetamido-3-chloroanthraquinone 

2-"[5-Acetamido-6-hydroxy-3-methylphenylazo]-4-nitrophenol — 

*Acetanilide, tech 

Acetic acid, phenyl ester 

Acetoacetanilide 

o-Acetoacetanisidide 

p-Acetoacetophenetidide 

o-Acetoacetotoluidide 

Acetophenone, tech 

p-Acetotoluidide 

21-Acetoxy-4-bromo-17-hydroxy-3,ll,20-triketopregriane 

21-Acetoxy-17-hydroxy-3,ll,20-triketopregnane 

N-Acetylanthranilic acid 

N-Acetylsulfanilyl chloride 

Alkyl benzene 

dl-5-Allyl-6-imino-l-methyl-5-(l-methyl-2-pentyir/l)- 
barbituric acid. 

Amino-aceanthra [2, 1- a]aceanthrylene-5, 13-dione 

3'-Aminoacetanilide 

*4 -Aminoacetanilide (Acetyl-p-phenylenediamine) 

3 -Aminoacetophenone 

*5-Amino-2-(p-aminoanilino)benzenesulfonic acid 

5(and 8)-Amino-8(and 5)-(p-aminophenylazo)-2-naphthalene- 

sulfonic acid. 
5-Amino-2-anilinobenzenesulfonic acid 

*2-(p-Aminoanilino) -5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

3-Amino-p-anisanilide 

5-Amino-2-o-anisidinobenzenesulfonic acid 

*1-Aminoanthraquinone and salt 

*2-Aminoanthraquinone and salt 

4-Aminoanthraquinone-l(2H)-acridinone 

l-Amino-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid 

l-Amino-2-anthraquinonesulfonic acid 

N-(4-Amino-l-anthraquinonyl)anthranilic acid 

N-(5-Amino-l-anthraquinonyl)anthranilic acid 

N-(8-Amino-l-anthraquinonyl)anthranilic acid 

N-(2-Amino-l-anthraquinonyl)-p-toluenesulfonamide 

4-AminoantipyTine 

*6-Amino-3,4' -azodi(benzenesulfonic acid) 

8-Aminobenz [a] acridin-7( 12H) -one 

o-Aminobenzamide 

*l-Amino-4-benzamidoanthraquinone 

*1- Amino- 5-benzamidoanthraquinone 

6-(m-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid 

*6-(p-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid 

*2-Amino-p-benzenedis\ilfonic acid [S0 3 H=l] 

o-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid 

o-Aminobenzenethiol 

p-Aminobenzoic acid, tech 

p-Aminobenzoic acid, diethylaminoethyl ester 

2-(m-Aminobenzoyl)-o-acetanisidide 

5(and 8)-Amino-8(and 5)-bromo-l,6(and l,7)-anthraquinonedi- 
sulfonic acid. 



AHC. 

GAF. 

TRC. 

AHC, GAF. 

TRC. 

DOW, EKT, MRK, SW. 

KF. 

FMP, UCC. 

KPC. 

KPC. 

FMP, UCC. 

ACP, UCC. 

ACT. 



DUP. 

ACT, MRK. 
ATR. 
LIL. 

AHC. 

TRC. 

ACF, DUP, EKT, GAF, TRC. 

SDH, TBK. 

CMG, DUP, KPC, TRC, VPC. 

TRC. 



ACF. 
ACF, 
PCW. 
TRC. 
ACF, 
ACF, 
GAF. 
DUP. 
GAF. 
GAF. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
SDW. 
ACF, 
ACF. 
MEE. 
ACT, 
ACF, 
VPC. 
ACF, 
ACF, 
ACT. 
ACT. 
ACF, 
SDW. 
GAF. 
TRC. 



CMG, TRC, VPC. 



ACT, AHC, DUP, GAF, KPC, MAY, TRC, WOC. 
ACT, DUP, GAF, TRC. 



CMG, KPC, TRC. 



DUP, GAF, MAY, TRC. 
AHC, DUP, GAF, TRC. 



DUP, GAF, KPC, VPC. 
DUP, GAF, TRC, VPC. 



DUP, GAF. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



63 



TABLE 7B.- 



■Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer , 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



L 
*1- 

1 
*1- 

2- 
*Z 

4< 

2- 
»o- 

2- 

1-. 

2-. 

6- 
*2-. 

6-. 
*1- 
*4' 



Amino-<i-bromo-2-anthraquinonesulfonic acid and sodium 
salt. 

Amino-l-bromo-3-chloroanthraquinone 

Amino-2-bromo-4— hydroxyanthraquinone 

Ami no-<l-bromo-2-methylanthraqui none 

Amino-2-bromo-4-(p-toluidino)anthraquinone 

Amino-5-chloroanthraquinone 

Amino-5(and 8)-chloroanthraquinone 

Amino-8-chloroanthraquinone 

Amino- 1-chloroanthraqui none 

Amino-3-chloroanthraquinone 

Amino-6-chloro-m-benzenedisulfonamide 

Amino-6-chlorobenzothiazole hydrochloride 

(3-Amino-4-chlorobenzoyl)benzoic acid 

Amino-5-chloro-4-ethylbenzenesulfonic acid 

Amino-5-chloro-4-hydroxyanthraquinone 

Amlno-4-chlorophenol 

Amino-4-chloro-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid 

Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [ S03H=l] 

Amino-4-chloro-m-toluenesulfonic acid [ S03H=l] 

Amino-2,4-dibromoanthraquinone 

-Amino-2',5'-diethoxybenzanillde 

Aminodiphenylamine 

Amino-6-ethoxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

Amino-6-ethoxy-2-naphthoic acid 

Amino-N-ethyl-N-l-naphthylbenzamide 

Ami no-4-hydroxyanthraqui none 

Amino-2-hydroxyanthraquinone 

Amino-8-(p-hydroxyanilino)-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

and 8)-Amino-8(and 5)-(p-hydroxyanilino)-2-naphthalene- 
sulfonic acid. 

Amino-<i-hydroxybenzenearsonic acid 

[4-(8-Amino-l-hydroxy-3,6-disulfo-2-naphthylazo)-5- 
methoxy-o-tolylazo]-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, 
benzenesulf onate . 

Amino-6-hydroxy-2-methylphenazine (Tolazine base) 

( 2-Amino-5-hydroxy-7-sulf o-6-naphthylazo) -6-nitro-2- 
naphthol-4-sulfonic acid. 

Amino-5-(2-hydroxy-4-nitrophenylazo)naphthalene-2- 
sulfonic acid. 

Aminoisophthalic acid 

Aminoisophthalic acid, dimethyl ester 

Amino-n-isopropyl-l-phenyl-4-sulfonamide 

(4-Amino-3-methoxy-6-methylphenylazo)acetanilide 

Amino-6-methoxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

("4-Amino-3-methoxyphenylazo)benzenesulfonic acid 

(4-Amino-3-methoxy-l-phenylazo)benzenesulfonic acid 

(4-Amino-3-methoxyphenyl)-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S0 3 H=1 

Amino-2-methoxy-4-(p-toluenesulfonamido)anthraquinone 

(4-Amino-5-methoxy-o-tolylazo)-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic 
acid. 

-Amino-N-methylacetanilide 

Ami no-2-me thy lanthraqui none 

-Amino-6 -methyl-m-benzanisidide 

Amino-<;'-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)-2,2'- 
atilbenedisulfonic acid. 

Amino-5-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)-p-toluene- 
sulfonic acid. 

Amlno-7-methyl-2-phenazinol- 

Amino-N-methyl-1-phenyl— 4-sulfonamide 

■Amino-4-methylpyrimidine (2-Amino-'i-methyldiazine) 

•Amino-4-methylsulfonyl phenol 

•Amino-5-methyl-l,3,4-thiadiazole — 

■Aminonaphth[2,3-c]acridan-5,8,14-trione 

•Aminonaphth[2,3-c]acridan-5,8,l<i-trione 

•Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

■Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid ( Cassella acid) 

■Amino-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

•Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

■Amino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

■Amino-l,7-naphtnalenedisulfonic acid 



ACF, AHC, DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC. 



AHC, 


KPC. 






DUP. 








AHC. 








AHC, 


GAF. 






ACF, 


ACY, 


AHC, DUP, GAF, 


MAY, TRC 


ACF, 


ACY. 






ACF, 


DUP, 


MAY, TRC. 




DUP, 


GAF. 






AHC, 


GAF, 


KPC. 




TRC. 








DUP. 








AHC, 


GAF, 


KPC. 




ACT. 








GAF. 








GAF, 


MEE, 


TRC. 




CMG, 


DUP, 


GAF. 




ACY, 


HCC, 


sue, SW. 




DUP, 


SW. 






ACF, 


AHC, 


DUP, GAF. 




ALL, 


GAF, 


SDH. 




USR. 








TRC. 








GAF. 








GAF. 








ACF, 


GAF. 






ACF, 


GAF. 






DUP. 








DUP. 








SDW. 








TRC. 








ACF, 


TRC. 






TRC. 








TRC. 








GAF. 








GAF. 








TRC. 








TRC. 








TRC, 


VPC. 






DUP. 








TRC. 








TRC. 








GAF. 








TRC. 








ACF, 


GAF. 






AHC, 


DUP. 






GAF. 








TRC. 








GAF. 








DUP. 








TRC. 








ACT. 








TRC. 








ACT. 








DUP. 








DUP. 








ACT, 


SDH, 


SW, TRC. 




ACF, 


DUP, 


GAF, TRC. 




TRC. 








ACF, 


TRC. 






ACF, 


DUP. 






TRC. 









64 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE IB. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



*6-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino I acid) 

*7-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino G acid) 

l-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (o-Naphthionic acid) 

*2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Tobias acid) 

4(and 5)-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

*5-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Laurent's acid) 

*5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (1,6-Cleve's acid) 

*5(and 8)-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Cleve's acid, 
mixed ) . 

*6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Broenner's acid) 

6(and 7)-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

*8-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Peri acid) 

*8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (1,7-Cleve's acid) 

7-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid 

8-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid (Koch's acid) 

4-Amino-l,3,5-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid, 4,5-sultam, 
trisodium salt. 

8-Amino-l-naphthoic acid 

5-Amino-l-naphthol 

5 (and 8)-Amino-2-naphthol 

7-Amino-2-naphthol 

*8-Amino-2-naphthol 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, benzenesulfonate 

7-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid (2Racid), mono- 
sodium salt. 
*8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid (H acid), monosodium 

salt. 
*8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonic acid (Chicago acid) 
(2S acid), monosodium salt. 

*l-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid (1,2,4-acid) 

*6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (J acid) 

*6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (J acid), sodium salt 

*7-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Gamma acid), sodium salt 

S-Amino-l-naphthol-5-sulfonic acid (S acid), sodium salt 

*2-Amino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic a;id [SOjH=l] 

*2-Amino-4-nitrophenol 

2-Amino-5-nitrophenol 

6-Amino-4-nitro-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid 

l,2-Amino-l-(p-nitrophenyl)-l,3-propanediol 

4-Amino-4'-nitro-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

2-Amino-5-nitrothiazole 

3-Amino-4-octadecylaminobenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt — 

*3 '-Aminooxanilic acid 

*4'-Aminooxanilic acid 

p-Aminophenethyl alcohol 

( 2 '-Aminophenethylthio) acetic acid 

5-Amino-2-o-phenetidinobenzenesulfonic acid 

m-Aminophenol 

o-Aminophenol 

p-Aminophenol 

6-Amino-l-phenol-2,4-disulfonic acid 

2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulfonamide 

2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulfonanilide 

*2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulfonic acid 

m-(p-Aminophenylazo)benzenesulfonic acid 

*P-(p-Aminophenylazo)benzenesulfonic acid 

5- (p-Aminophenylazo) salicylic acid 

2-(p-Aminophenyl)-6-methylbenzothiazole 

*2-(p-Aminophenyl)-6-methyl-7-benzothiazolesulfonic acid 
and salt. 

l-(m-Aminophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid 

2-Aminopyridine 

2-Aminopyrimidine 

5 -Aminosalicylic acid 

N-(4-Amino-3-sulfo-anthraquinonyl)anthranilic acid 

2-Amino-5-(p-sulfophenylazo)benzenesulfonic acid 

2-Aminothiazole 

l-Amino-4-(p-toluenesulfonamido)-2-anthraquinonesulfonic 
acid. 

5-Amino-o-toluenesulfonanilide 

*4-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S0 3 H=l] 



ACF 


ACY, 


BL, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 




ACF 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 








DUI 














ACY 


sue, 


SW, 


TRC, 


X. 






ACY 














ACF 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 








ACF 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 








ACF 


ALL, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 






ACF 


KLS, 


SNA, 


TRC. 








IRC 














ACF 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 








ACF 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 








Mil 














ACF 


DUP, 


TRC. 










DUP 














GAF 














ACJ 














;ai-' 














T: c 














AIL 


DUP, 


GAF, 


PCO, 


TRC, 


VPC. 




TRC 














ACF 


DUP. 












A IF 


DUP, 


MON. 










ACF, 


DUP, 


TRC. 










ACF 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC, 


VPC. 




BL. 














ACF 


ACY, 


CMG, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC, VPC. 




ACF 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 








ACF 


TRC. 












ACF 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


KPC. 






ACI 


CMC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC, 


VPC. 




A.CF 














•:, 


TRC. 












PD. 














TRC 














l .-:; 














X. 














M 1 


TRC, 


VPC. 










DUP 


GAF. 












EKT 














DUP 














ACF 














,V 














VPC. 














Jill 


SDC, 


VPC, 


woe. 








TRC. 














ACF 


DUP, 


TRC. 










IRC 














ACF 


cm, 


DUP, 


KPC, 


TRC. 






TRC. 














a ■;•• 


ACY, 


CMG, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


KPC, PCO, TRC, VPC 


TRC. 














ACF 


DUP. 












DUI 


PCO, 


TRC. 










DUP 


TRC, 


VPC. 










NFJ 


RIL. 












ACY. 














KPC 


TRC. 












GAF. 














DUP. 














ACY. 














GAF. 














OAF. 














ACF, 


4CY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


SNA, 


SW, TRC. 





CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



65 



TABLE IB. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manuf acturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



4-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

5-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid 

6-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

*5-Amino-2-(p-toluidino)benzenesulfonic acid 

7-(4-Amino-o-tolylazo)-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

4-(4-Amino-m-tolylazo) -m-toluenesulfonic acid 

N-(4-Amino-m-tolyl)-p-benzoquinoneimlne 

4'-Amino-3'-(p-tolylsulfonyl)acetanilide 

16-Aminoviolan throne 

2-Amino-3,5-xylenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

*Aniline (Aniline oil) 

Aniline hydrochloride 

l-Anilino-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid 

2-Anilinoethanol (Phenylethanolamine) 

8-Anilino-5-(p-hydroxyanilino) -1-naphthalenesulfonic acid — 

♦Anilinomethanesulfonic acid and salt 

»8-Anilino-l-napthalenesulfonic acid (Phenyl peri acid) 

»6-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Phenyl J acid) 

*7-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Phenyl gamma acid) 

p-Anilinophenol 

o-Anisaldehyde 

Anisic acid 

o-Anisic acid 

*o-Anisidine 

p-Anisidine 

o-Anisidine nitrate 

»o-Anisidinomethanesulfonic acid 

2-(o-Anisidino)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

Anisole, tech 

Anisoyl chloride 

Anthracene, refined 

Anthraflavic acid (2,6-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 

•Anthranilic acid (o-Aminobenzoic acid) 

Anthra[l,9]pyrazol-6(2H)-one (Pyrazolanthrone) 

*Anthraquinone, 100$ 

2-Anthraquinonecarboxylic acid 

N,N'-(l, 5-Anthraquinone)dioxamic acid 

*1, 5-Anthraquinonedisulf onic acid 

«l,5-Anthraquinonedisulfonic acid, disodium salt 

l,5(and l,8)-Anthraquinonedisulfonic acid and salt 

1,8-Anthraquinonedisulfonic acid 

1,8-Anthraquinonedisulfonic acid, potassium salt 

*2,6-Anthraquinonedisulfonic acid and salt 

*l-Anthraquinonesulfonic acid and salt 

2-Anthraquinonesulfonic acid and salt (Silver salt) 

»N, N'-(l, 5-Anthraquinonylene)dianthranllic acid 

l-(l-Anthraquinonyl)-l,2-hydrazinedisulfonic acid, disodium 
salt. 

•Anthrarufin (1,5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 

Anthrone 

Arsanilic acid and salt, tech 

4 ',4 ' "-Azobis [4-biphenylcarboxylic acid] 

"Benzaldehyde, tech 

Benz amide 

4-(4-Benzamido-l-anthraquinonylamino)naphth[2,3-c]acridan- 
5,8,U-trione. 

l-Benzamido-4-bromoanthraquinone 

l-Benzamido-4-chloroanthraquinbne 

*l-Benzamido-5-chloroanthraquinone 

l-Benzamido-5-chloro-4-methoxyanthraquinone 

2-[ 3-(4-Benzamido-2, 5-diethoxyphenyl) -l-methyltriazen-3-yl ] 

ethanesulfonic acid. 
2-(3-(4-Benzamido-2, 5-dimethoxyphenyl)-l-methyl diazoamid) 

ether sulfonic acid. 
I 3-(4-Benzamido-6-methoxy-m-tolyl)-l-methyltriazen-3-ylJ- 
aeetic acid. 

8-Benzamido-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid 

3-Benzamido-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid 

l-Benzamido-5-p-toluenesulfonamidoanthraquinone 

Benzanilide 



SDH 
TRC 
DUP 
ACF 

TRC 
DOT 
DUP 

TRC 
GAF 
GAM. 
ACF 
ACY 
ACF 
UCC 
DUP 
ACF 
ACF 
ACF 
ACF 
DUP 
ASL 
GAF 
ACY 
DUP 
DUP 
GAF 
ACF 
TRC 
DUP 
TBK 
ACP 
DUP 
ACF 
ACF 
ACY 
ACY 
GAF 
ACY 
DUP 
DUP 
DOT 
JAF 
ACF 
ACF 
ACF 
AHC 
DUP 

4CF 
AHC 

ABB 
DUP 
BPC 
MAY 
DUP 

KPC 
DUP 

ACF 
OAF 

GAF 



DUP, TRC. 
VPC. 



PCO. 

STG, WRN. 

ACY, DOW, DUP, EKT, MON. 

VPC. 

DUP. 



ACY, CMG, DUP, KPC, PCO, TRC, VPC. 

CMG, DUP, GAF, TRC. 

CMG, DUP, GAF, TRC, VPC. 

CMG, DUP, TRC, VPC. 



KPC, MON. 
MON. 



DUP, GAF, TRC, VPC. 
LIL. 



GAF. 

DOW, DUP, MEE. 

DUP. 

AHC, DUP, TRC. 

TRC. 

AHC, DUP, GAF, TRC. 

GAF, TRC. 

TRC. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC, VPC. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, OAF, KPC, MAY, TRC. 

DUP, KPC, TRC. 

DUP, TRC. 



ACY, CMG, DUP, GAF, TRC. 



GAF. 

GAF, HN, TNP. 



GAF, TRC. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, MAY. 



66 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1050 



--Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, I959--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



*7H-Benz[de]anthracen-7-one (Benzanthrone) 

Benzenearsonic acid 

Benzenesulfonamide 

8-(4-Benzenesulfonamido-5-methoxy-o-tolylazo)-l-naphthol- 
3,6-disulfonic acid. 

Benzenesulfonic acid 

Benzenesulfonic acid, n-propyl ester 

Benzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

*Benzenesulfonyl chloride 

Benzhydrol ( Dipheny lmethanol ) 

♦Benzidine hydrochloride and sulfate 

Benzil (Bibenzoyl) 

Benzilic acid 

2-Benzofuranacetonitrile 

Benzoic acid, tech 

Benzoic anhydride 

Benzoin 

Benzonitrile 

Benzophenone 

l,2,3-Benzotriazin-4(lH)-one (Benzazimide ) 

lH-Benzotriazole 

Benzoylacetic acid, ethyl ester 

*o-Benzoylbenzoic acid 

Benzoyl chloride 

2-Benzoyl-4-sulfobenzoie acid 

2-Benzoyl-4'-(p-toluenesulfonamido) 

Benzyl alcohol, tech 

Benzylamine 

Benzyl disulfide 

Benzyl ether (Dibenzyl ether) 

4-(N-Benzyl-N-e-thylamino)-o-toluenesulfonic acid 

N-Benzyl-N-ethyl-m-toluidine 

2,2'-Benzylidenedi(N-benzyl-N-ethyl-p-toluidine) 

4-Benzylideneiminoantipyrine 

Benzyl polysulfide 

( Benzyl thio) acetic acid 

4' , A" '-Bi-o-acetoacetotoluidide 

*3,3'-Bianthra[l,9]pyrrole-6,6'(2H, 2'H)-dione 

(Pyrazoleanthrone yellow). 

[3,3 '-Bi-7H-benz[de] anthracen]-7,7'-dione 

*[4,4'-Bi-7H-benz[de] anthracen] -7,7'-dione 

endo-cis-Bicyclo[2,2,l] hept-5-ene-2,3-dicarboxylic 

anhydride. 

[l,l'-Binaphthalene]-8,8' -dicarboxylic acid 

Biphenyl 

4-Biphenylcarboxylic acid ' 

2,2'-Biquinoline 

4,4'-Bis(8-acetamido-3,6-disulfo-l-hydroxy naphthylazo)- 

3, 3 '-dimethoxybipheny 1 . 

l,2-Bis(l-amino-2-anthraquinonylcarbonyl)hydrazine 

»l,4-Bis[l-anthraquInonylamino]anthraquinone 

l,5-Bis[l-anthraquinonylamino]anthraquinone 

a ,<x 6 -Bis(5-tert-butyl-6-hydroxy-m-tolyl)mesitol 

N,N'-Bis(l-chloro-2-anthraquinonyl) -4' ,4 '-azobis- 

(4-biphenylcarboxamide) . 

A,-i'-Bis[diethylaminolbenzhydrol 

4, 4' -Bi s [diethylamino ]benzhydrol-2, 6-naphthalenedisulf onic 

acid. 

4,4' -Bis [diethylamino Jbenzophenone (Ethyl ketone base)- 

l,5(and l,8)-Bis[5,4-dihydro-5,8,14(l3H)-trioxonapth- 

[2,3-c] acridin-1-ylamino] anthraquinone. 

2,7-Bis[dimethylamino]acridine hydrochloride 

4, U' -Bis [dimethylamino] benzhydrol (Michler's hydrol) 

*4, 4' -Bis [dijnethylamino] benzophenone (Michler's ketone) 

Bis(p-dimethylaminophenyl)methanesulfonic acid and salt 

4-[Bis(p-dimethylaminophenyl)methyl]-2,7-naphthalene- 

disulfonic acid. 

l,5-Bis[2,4-dinitrophenoxy] -4,8-dinitroanthraquinone 

l,5(and l,8)-Bis(2,4-dinitrophenoxy)-4,8(and 4,5)- 

dinitroanthraquinone . 



ACF, 


ACY, AHC, CMC, DUP, GAF, KPC, MAY, PCO, TRC 


EK. 






DA, 


«ES. 




TRC. 






UPF. 






NES. 






NES. 






DA, 


NES, TRC. 




OPC, 


TBK. 




ACF, 


DUP, FIN, X. 




LEM. 






BPC, 


LEM. 




EK. 






BPC, 


HK, HN, MON, TNP. 




EK. 






BPC, 


LEM. 




TOP, 


X. 




KF. 






MEE. 






MEE, 


MRT. 




FMP. 






ACF, 


ACY, DUP, GAF. 




HK, 


TNP. 




DUP. 






EK. 






BPC. 






FBS, 


MLS. 




CCW. 






BPC, 


TBK. 




ACF. 






ACF, 


DUP. 




TRC. 






GAF, 


SDW. 




HK. 






OPC. 






SDH. 






ACF, 


DUP, GAF, TRC. 




ACF, 


DUP. 




ACY, 


AHC, DUP, GAF, MAY, TRC. 




ACF. 






DUP, 


GAF.. 




DOW, 


MON. 




DUP. 






EK. 






TRC. 






DUP. 






ACY, 


AHC, GAF, MAY, TRC. 




DUP. 






ACY. 






GAF. 






GAF, 


TRC. 




GAF. 






DSC, 


DUP. 




DUP. 






VPC. 






DSC, 


DUP. 




ACF, 


DSC, DUP, GAF, SDH. 




ACF. 






TRC. 






DUP. 






DUP. 







CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



67 



TABLE 7B. 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



m-Bis[2,3-epoxypropoxy]benzene 

a,a-Bis[<i'-(N-ethyl-3-sulfobenzylamino)-2-tolyl]- 

a-hydroxy-p-toluenesulfonic acid. 
a,a-Bis[4-(N-ethyl-N-3-sulfobenzylamino)-2-tolyl] - 

p-toluenesulfonic acid. 
K,^' -Bis[p-hydroxyphenylazo]-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic 

acid. 

4, K' -Bis(p-hydroxyphenyl)valeric acid 

p-Bis(2,2,2-trichloroethyl)benzene 

l,4-Bis(2,4,6-triniethylanilino)anthraquinone 

2-Bromoacetophenone 

m-Bromo aniline 

o-Bromo aniline 

p-Bromoaniline 

4-Bromoanisole 

*3-Bromo-7H-benz [de] anthracen-7-one ( Bromobenzanthrone ) 

Bromobenzene, mono- 

p-Bromobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

o-Bromobenzoic acid 

p-Broraobenzoic acid 

4-Bromobenzophenone 

Bromochlorobenzene 

2-Bromodibenzofuran 

(2-Bromoethyl) benzene 

2-Bromo-3' -hydroxyacetophenone benzoate 

5-Bromoisatin 

l-Bromo-4-(N-methylacetamido)anthraquinone 

*l-Bromo-4-methylaminoanthraquinone 

2-Bromo-3-methylanthraquinone 

*6-Bromo-3-methyl-7H-dibenz[f,ij]isoquinoline-2,7(3H)- 

dione. 

1-Bromonaphthalene 

4-Bromonaphthalic anhydride 

2-Bromo-4 -nitroacetophenone 

ot-Bromo-p-nitro toluene 

l-(9-Bromo-7-oxo-7H-benz[de]anthracen-3-ylamino)- 

anthraquinone . 

m-Bromophenol 

o-Bromophenol 

p-Bromophenol 

p-Bromophenyl phenyl ether 

4-Bromophthalic anhydride 

Bromopicrin 

2-Bromopyridine 

2-Bromoquinizarin 

a- Bromo toluene 

o-Bromo toluene 

p-Bromo toluene 

a- (3-Bromo-p-toluoyl) benzoic acid 

l-Bromo-2,4,6-triethylbenzene 

p-n-Butylaminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester 

p-Butylaniline 

2-tert-Butylanthraqulnone 

n-Butylbenzene 

tert-Butylbenzene 

p-tert-Butylbenzoic acid 

6-Butyl-m-cresol [\OH=lJ 

2-tert-Butyl-p-cresol 

2'-tert-Butyl-<i',6'-dimethylacetophenone 

2-tert-Butyl-A-ethylphenol 

N 1 -Butyl-<i-methoxymetanilamide 

2-tert-Butyl-5-methylanisole 

o-sec-Butylphenol 

p-sec-Butylphenol 

p-tert-Butylphenol 

Butylphenols, mixed 

p-tert-Butyl toluene 

5-tert-Butyl-m-xylene 



EKT. 
TRC. 



TRC. 

JNS. 

HK. 

TRC. 

EK. 

EK. 

EK. 

EK. 

FBS, OPC. 

ACF, ACY, AHC, DUP, GAF, MAY, TRC. 

DOW. 

EK. 

EK. 

EK. 

FBS. 

EK. 

GAF. 

EK. 

SDH. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

AHC, DUP, GAF, KPC. 

DUP. 

AHC, GAF, KPC. 

EK. 

GAF. 

NES. 

EK. 

DUP. 



EK. 

EK. 

EK. 

EK. 

EKT. 

EK. 

FMT. 

KPC. 

EK. 

EK. 

EK. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

FBS. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

PLC. 

PLC. 

SHC. 

KPT. 

ACY. 

GTV. 

ACY. 

ALL, GAF, VPC. 

GIV. 

DOW. 

DOW. 

DOW, KPT, UCP. 

UCP. 

SHC. 

GIV. 



68 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 7B. 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



p-(3-Carbazolylamino) phenol 

N,N -Carbonylbis(4-methoxymetanilic acid) 

N,N -Carbonylbis(4-methoxy-6-nitrometanilic acid) 

6(and 2) -Carboxybenzene-2(and 4)-diazo-l-oxide 

5 -(o-Carboxybenzoyl) -2-chlorooxanilic acid 

3-Carboxy-2(and 4)-hydroxybenzenediazonium sulfate 

3-Carboxymethyl-l-(5-chloro-o-tolyl)-3-methyltriazene 

3-(Carboxymethyl-3-methyl) -1-p-tolyltriazene 

5-(o-Carboxyphenylsulfamoyl)anthranilic acid 

3- ( 2-Carboxy-4-sulf ophenyl ) -1- ( 2 , 5-dichlorophenyl) - 

3-ethyltriazene . 
3-(2-Carboxy-i-sulf ophenyl )-3-methyl-l- (4-nitro-o-tolyl- 
triazene). 

Chelidamic acid 

Chlorendic acid 

2'-Chloroacetoacetanilide 

A'-Chloroacetophenone 

4- '-(Chloro acetyl) acetanilide 

*m-Chloro aniline 

*o-Chloro aniline 

p-Chloro aniline 

5-Chloroaniline-2,4-disulf amide 

5-Chloroaniline-2,4-disulf amide hydrochloride 

*m-Chloroaniline hydrochloride 

2-(Chloroanilino)ethanol 

3-(o-Chloroanilino)propionitrile 

5-Chloro-o-anisidine [NH 2 =1] (4-Chloro-o-anisidine 
[0CH 3 =l]). 

5-Chloro-o-anisidine hydrochloride 

4-Chloroanthranilic acid 

*l-Chloroanthraquinone 

*2-Chloroanthraquinone 

l-Chloro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid 

*o-Chlorobenzaldehyde 

p-Chlorobenzaldehyde 

Chloro-7H-benz [ de]anthracen-7-one (Chlorobenzanthrone) 

*Chlorobenzene , mono- 

4— Chlorobenzenesulfinic acid 

p-Chlorobenzenesulfonamide 

p-Chlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

4-Chlorobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

p-Chlorobenzenethiol 

o-Chlorobenzoic acid 

p-Chloro benzoic acid 

5-Chloro-2-benzoxazolinone 

*o-(p-Chlorobenzoyl)benzoic acid 

o-Chlorobenzoyl chloride 

p-Chlorobenzoyl chloride 

<i,4-'-(o-Chlorobenzylidine)di-2,5-xylidine 

p-Chlorobenzylpyridine 

5-Chloro-2-(p-chlorophenoxy) aniline 

Chloro- (p-chlorophenyl, phenyl) me thane 

2-Chloro-5-(chlorosulfonyl)benzoic acid 

4-Chloro-o-cresol 

2-Chloro-N,N -diethyl -4-nitro aniline 

N-(3-Chloro-9,10-dihydroxy-2-anthryl)acetamide bis [acid 
sulfate] . 

*5-Chloro -2, 4-dimethoxy aniline 

l-Chloro-2,4-dimethoxy-5-nitrobenzene 

4-Chloro-6-N,N-d1methyl-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamideT 

5-Chloro-4,7-dimethyl-3(2H)-thianaphthenone 

*l-Chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (Dinitrochlorobenzene) - 

4-Chloro-3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid 

3-Chlorodiphenylamine 

Chlorodiphenyl methane 

a -Chloro -o( and/or p ) -dodecyltoluene [CH 3 =l] 

2-Chloroethanol-p-toluenesulfonate 

N-(2-Chloroethyl)-N-ethylaniline 

a-Chloro-p-ethyltoluene 

5-Chloro-2-fonnylbenzenesulfonic acid 

N-Chloroformyldiphenylamine 



DUP. 

GAF. 

OAF. 

DUP. 

GAF. 

ACF, GAF. 

DUP, GAF. 

GAF. 

TRC. 

GAF. 

GAF. 



FMP, 


UCC. 








NES. 










DUP. 










DUP, 


GAF, 


MON. 






DUP, 


MDN, 


SDH, 


VPC. 




DUP, 


MON. 








ABB. 










ABB. 










ATL, 


KPC. 








EKT. 










DUP. 










ACF, 


DUP, 


SDH, 


VPC. 




GAF. 










DUP. 










ACF, 


ACY, 


AHC, 


DUP, 


GAF, KPC, MAY, TRC. 


ACF, 


ACY, 


GAF, 


TRC. 




DUP. 










ACF, 


HN, 


SDH. 






HN. 










ACY. 










ACO, 


DOW, 


DUP, 


GGY, 


HK, HKD, MON, MTO, OMC, PPG, WYN 


TRC. 










ACY, 


MEE. 








GAF. 










DA, 


TRC. 








EVM. 










HN, 


SDH. 








HN. 










GAF, 


X. 








ACF, 


ACY, 


AHC, 


DUP, 


GAF, TRC. 


EK. 










HN. 










GAF. 










H1L. 










GAF. 










OPC, 


TBK. 








TRC. 










OPC. 










DUP. 










GAF. 










ALL, 


GAF, 


KLS, 


PCW. 




GAF. 










GAF. 










ACF. 










ACF, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


SDC. 


GAF. 










DUP, 


SK. 








TBK. 










0R0. 










GAF. 










DUP. 










BPC. 










GAF. 










FBS. 











CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



69 



TABLE 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer , 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



4-Chloro-3-hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid 

l-Chloro-4-hydroxyanthraquinone 

4 / -Chloro-2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone 

5'-Chloro-3-hydroxy-2-naphtho-o-toluidide 

5-Chloro-4-isopropylmetanilic acid 

4-Chloro-N-isopropyl-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide 

4-Chlorometanilic acid 

5-Chlorometanilic acid 

*6-Chlorometanilic acid 

5-Chloro-2-methoxybenzenediazonium chloride 

N-(5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenylazo)sarcosine 

*l-Chloro-2-methylanthraquinone 

6-Chloro-4-methylbenzo-l,3-thiaza-2-thionium chloride 

5-Chloro-2-methylbenzothiazole 

4- Chloro-N-methyl-3-nitrobenzene sulfonamide 

•4-Chloro-3-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesul- 
fonic acid. 

Chloronaphthalenes 

8-Chloro-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

8-Chloro-l-naphthalenesulfonyl chloride 

9-Chloronaphtho[l,2-b]thiophen-3(2H)-one 

(8-Chloro-l-naphthylthio) acetic acid 

2-Chloro-3 '-nitroacetophenone 

»2-Chloro-4-nitroaniline (o-Chloro-p-nitroaniline) 

*4-Chloro-2-nitroaniline (p-Chloro-o-nitroaniline) 

4- Chloro-2-nitroanisole 

*l-Chloro-5-nitroanthraquinone 

l-Chloro-8-nitroanthraquinone 

l-Chloro-2-nitrobenzene ( Chloro-o-nitrobenzene) 

*l-Chloro-2(and A) -nitrobenzene ( Chloronitrobenzenes, 
o- and p- ) . 

l-Chloro-3-nitrobenzene ( Chloro-m- nitrobenzene) 

l-Chloro-4-nitrobenzene (Chloro-p-nitrobenzene) 

*4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonanilide 

*2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

*2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

*4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

*4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

5-Chloro-6-nitro-2-benzoxazolinone 

*o-( 4- Chloro-3-nitrobenzoyl) benzoic acid 

4-Chloro-2-nitrophenol 

4-Chloro-2-nitrophenyl-p-chlorophenyl ether 

4-Chloro-3-nitrophenyl methyl sulfone 

2-Chloro-4-nitrotoluene 

2-Chloro-6-nitrotoluene 

4-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene 

4-Chloro-3-nitrotoluene 

o-Chlorophenol 

p-Chlorophenol 

p-Chlorophenylacetonitrile 

l-(p-Chlorophenyl)biguanide, hydrochloride 

4-Chloro-a-phenyl-o-cresol 

4-Chloro-o-phenylenediamine 

2,2'-(3-Chlorophenylimino)diethanol 

p-Chlorophenylmagnesium bromide 

l-(m-Chlorophenyl)-3-methyl-2-pyraz;olin-5-one 

4-Chlorophenyl methyl sulfone 

Chlorophenylsilanes 

4-Chlorophthalic acid 

Chlorophthalic anhydride 

N x -( 6- Chloro-3-pyridazinyl) sulfanilamide 

2-Chloropyridine 

6-Chloroquinaldine — 

»2-Chloroquinizarin 

7-Chloro-4-quinolinol 1 

6-Chloroquinophth alone 

4-Chlororesorcinol 

2-Chloro-5-sulfamoylbenzoic acid 

2- Chloro-4- ( 2 ' - sulf opheny lamino) -6- ( 4- sulf o-3- aminophenyl- 
amino) triazine. 



OAF 
AHC 

ACT 
ATI, 
SW. 
TRC 
DUF 
ACF 
ACF 
GAF, 
DUP 
ACF 
BUT' 
EK. 
TRC 
DUP 

KPT 

GAF 
GAF 
GAF 
GAF 
UEE 
ACY 
DC* 
DUP 
ACB' 
ACF 
DUP 
DUF 

DUP 
DIP' 
DIP 
TRC 
ACF 
DUP 
ACF 
DUF' 
GAF 
ACF 
DUP. 
GAF'. 
TRC 
DUP 
DUP 
ACF 
KPC 
DOW 
DOW 
TBK 
DIP 
M IN 

sin: 

KPC 
SFA, 

TRC 
TRC 

SF'D 
DUP 
HK, 
ACT 
FMT 
DUP 
ACF 
SDW 
DUP 
GAF 
TRC 
TRC 



GAF. 
DUP. 
DUP, TRC. 



ACY, AHC, CMG, DUP, GAF, KPC. 



DOW, DUP, SUC. 

DUP, KPC, SDH, VPC. 

VPC. 

ACY, DUP, GAF, MAY, TRC. 

DUP. 

KPC, MON. 

GAF, KPC. 

MON. 

KPC, MON. 

EKT, ICC. 

CMG, KPC, TRC. 

GAF. 

GAF, KPC, TRC. 

EKT, TRC. 

AHC, GAF, KPC. 



GAF. 
DUP, KPC. 



MON. 
MON. 



SW. 
MON. 



NEP. 
HAR, TRC. 



70 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE IB. —Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer , 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



2- Chloro-A- ( A ' - sulf opheny lamino) -6- ( 4- sulf o-3- amino- 
phenylamino ) triazine . 

8-Chlorotheophylline 

m-Chlorotoluene 

o-Chlorotoluene ■ 

p- Chlorotoluene ■ 

*a-Chlorotoluene (Benzyl chloride) 

l-Chloro-5-p-toluenesulfonamidoanthraquinone 

3-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2" 1 ] 

3-Chloro-p-toluidine [NH2=l] 

*4-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2 =1 ] (5-Chloro-o-toluidine [CH3=l] ) 
*5-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=1] (4-Chloro-o-toluidine icH 3 =l] ) 

*4-Chloro-o-toluidine hydrochloride [NH2=l] 

*5-Chloro-o-toluidine hydrochloride [NH2=1] 

5-Chloro-o-toluidine sulfate [NH2=1J 

l-(5-Chloro-o-tolyl)-3-methyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

(4-Chloro-o-tolylthio) acetic acid 

Chlorotriphenylme thane 

4-Chloro-a, a, a-trifluoro-3-nitro toluene 

3-Chloro-a, a, a-trifluoro-6-nitro toluene 

p-Chloro-a, a, a-trifluoro toluene 

6-Chloro-i,a~,a-trifluoro-m-toluidine 

2-Chloro-p- xylene 

*4-Chloro-2,5-xylenesulfonyl chloride 

4-Chloro-2,5-xylylthioacetic acid 

Chrysanthemummonocarboxylic acid, ethyl ester 

Chrysazin (1,8-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 

Cinnamic acid • 

Cinnamoyl chloride 

s-Collidine (2,4,6-Trimethylpyridine) 

♦Cresols: 1 

m-Cresol 

*o-Cresols: 

From coal tar 

From petroleum 

*p-Cresol 

*Cresols, mixed: 1 
*(m,p)-Cresol: 

*From coal tar 

*From petroleum 

*(o,m,p)-Cresol: 

From coal tar 

From petroleum 

Other 

2,3-Cresotic acid 

*Cresylic acid, refined: 1 

*From coal tar 

♦From petroleum 

■•Cumene 

8-Cyano-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

Cyanuric chloride 

♦Cyclohexane 

1,2-Cyclohexanedicarboxylic anhydride 

»Cyclohexanol 

Cyclohexanone 

Cyclohexanone oxime 

Cyclohexene 

A-Cyclohexene-l,2-dicarboximide 

4-Cyclohexene-l,2-dicarboxylic anhydride 

«Cyclohexylamine 

p-(Cyclohexyloxy)benzoic acid 

l-Cyclohexyl-2-propanone 

1,5-Cyclooctadiene 

Cyclopentene 

«p-Cymene 

Decylbenzene 

1,5 (and l,8)-Diacetamidoanthraquinone 

N.N-Diallylcamphoramic acid 

N J ,N 2 -Diallylmelamine- — — 



BPC, 


GAF, 


HK, 


HN, MON, TNP. 


ah: 








ACF, 


DUP. 






DUP. 








ACF, 


ACT, 


KPC, 


PCW. 


ACF, 


DUP, 


KPC, 


SDH. 


DUP. 








ATL, 


AUG, 


DUP, 


GAF, KLS, SD1 


ACF. 








TRC. 








ACF, 


ACT. 






EK. 








KPC, 


MEE. 






MEE. 








HK. 








KPC. 








DUP. 








ACF, 


GAF, 


ICC. 




ACF, 


GAF, 


ICC. 




BPC. 








DUP, 


GAF. 






FBS. 








TBK. 








KPT, 


RIL. 






KPT. 








KPT, 


PRD, 


RIL. 




MER, 


PRD. 






HPC, 


SW. 






ACP, 


KPT, 


PRD, 


REP, RIL. 


MER, 


PIT, 


PRD. 




ACP, 


KPT, 


RIL. 




MER, 


PIT, 


PRD. 




RIL, 


SW. 






DOW. 








ACP, 


ACT, 


KPT, 


PRD, RIL. 


MER, 


PIT, 


PRD, 


SHO, SM, SOC 


ACP, 


DOW, 


HPC, 


SOC. 


DUP, 


GAF. 






ACT, 


NIL. 






DUP, 


HUM, 


PLC, 


PLP, SHO. 


ACF. 








ACF, 


CS, 


DOW, 


DUP, MON. 


ACF, 


CS, 


DUP. 




ACF. 








KF, 


PLC. 






CHO. 








ACF. 








ABB, 


EKT, 


JCC, 


MON. 


LIL. 








GIV, 


TBK. 






PLC. 








PLC. 








GLD, 


HNW, 


HPC. 




WYN. 








KPC. 








WYT. 








ACT. 









See footnote at end of table. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



71 



TABLE IB.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



2-Diami noanthraqulnone- 



4-Diaminoanthraquinone 

5-Diaminoanthraquinone 

5(and l,8)-Diaminoanthraquinone 

6-Diaminoanthraquinone 

4-Diamino-2,3-anthraquinonedicarbonitrile 

<V_Diamino-2,3-anthraquinonedicar'boximide 

4-Diamlno-2,3-anthraquinonedisulfonic acid 

5-Diamino-2,7-anthraquinonedisulfonic acid 

8-Diaminoanthrarufin 

4-Diaminobenzanilide 

4-Diaminobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

5-Diaminobenzenesulfonic acid [SC^H=1] 

4'-Diamino-2,2'-biphenyldisulfonic acid 

4'-Diamino-3,3' -biphenyldisulfonic acid 

7-Diaminodibenzothiophenedisulfonic acid, 5,5-dioxide, 
disodium salt. 

4-Diamino-2,3-dichloroanthraquinone 

5(and l,8)-Diamino-4,8(and 4,5)-dihydroxyanthraquinone — 
8-Diamino-l,5-dihydroxy-2,6-anthraquinonediBulfonic acid 

6-Diaminc-2,7-dimethylacridine 

6-Diamino-2,7-dimethylacridine sulfate 

^'-DinmiTiQ-5,5' -dimethyl-2,2'-biphenyldisulfonic acid— 

4'-Diamino-3,3' -dime thy ltriphenylme thane 

A '-Diaminodiphenylamine-2- sulfonic acid 

i, '-Diaminodiphenylsulf one 

6-Diamino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

A-Diamino-5-nitroanthraquinone 

4-Diamino-6-phenyltriazine : 

A-Diamino-6-phenyl-s-triazine 

6-Diaminopyridine 

i4'-Diamino-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonlc acid 

6-Diamino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

5-Dianlllno-2,6-anthraquinonedicarboxylic acid 

4-Dianillno-l-hydroxyanthraquinone 

8-Di anil lno-1-naphthalene sulfonic acid 

2-Dianthronyl-l,2-ethanediol 

Diary lguanidine 

5-Dibenzamidoanthraquinone 

g-Dibenzamido-y ,<♦' ,6' ,7'-diphthaloylcarbazole 

5 -Dibenzamido-1, 1 -iminodianthraquinone 

5 -Dibenzamido-1. 1 -iminodianthraquinone 

5'-Dibenzamido-<i -methoxy-1,1 -iminodianthraquinone 

,5"-Dibenzamido-l,l' ,4,l"-trianthrimide 

Dibenzofuranol 

,2',6',7'-Dibenzopyrene-7,14-quinone 

5-Dibenzoylnaphthalene 

N' -Dibenzyle thy lenedi amine 

N -Dibenzylethylenediamine diacetate 

U' -Dibromoacetophenone 

9-Dibromo-7H-benz[de] anthracen-7-one 

m-Dibromobenzene 

p-Dibromobenzene 

Dibromo-diamino-di-p-toluidinoanthraquinone 

5,5 -Dibromoindigotin 

2,6-Dibromo-l,5-naphthalenediol 

Dibromo-8,16-pyranthrenedione 

Dibromoviolan throne 

l,4-Dibutoxy-2-nitrobenzene 

*2,5-Dichloroaniline and hydrochloride [NH2=l] 

3,4-Dichloroaniline — 

»l,5-Dichloroanthraquinone 

»l,5(and l,8)-Dichloroanthraquinone 

*1,8-Dichloroanthraquinone 

4,8(and 4,5)-Dichloro-l,5(and l,8)-anthraquinonedisulfonic 
acid. 

3-(3,4-Dichlorobenzamido)-l-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

m-Dichlorobenzene 

*o-Dichlorobenzene 



DUP, GAF, JTC, KPC, TRC. 
GAF, TRC. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC, VPC. 

DUP, KPC. 
DUP, GAF, TRC. 
TRC. 



DUP. 
ACF 
DUP 
TRC 
ACF 
DUP 
DUP 
DUF 
TRC 
ACF 
DUP 
ACF 
TRC 
ACY 
ACF 
ACY 

DUP 
DUP 
TRC 
ACF 
DUP 
TRC 
ACS 
YAW 
MRK 
GAF 
GAF 
TNP 
RH. 
NEP 
ACF 
ACF 
ACF 
AHC 
GAF 
AHC 
DUP 
DUP 
AHC 
ACF 
ACY 
GAF 
AHC 
GAF 
AHC 
ACY 
WYT 
OPC 
EK. 
ACY 
EK. 
DON 
AHC 
GAF 
EK. 
DUP 
GAF 
EKT 
ACF 
DUP 
ACF 
ACF 
AHC 
GAF. 

EK. 
EK. 
AGO, CPD, DOW, DUP, HK, MON, CMC, PPG, SCC, SVT, UWS. 



RIL. 

ACY, DUP, GAF, SDH, TRC. 

DUP, KPC. 

GAF. 

GAF, TRC. 



GAF, TRC. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, GAF, MAY, TRC. 



AHC, DUP, GAF, HST, TRC. 

WYT. 

AHC, DUP, GAF, KPC, MAY. 



DUP, VPC. 

MON. 

AHC, DUP, GAF, TRC. 

DUP, GAF. 

DUP, GAF, TRC. 



72 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 7B. ■ 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



*o(and p)-Dichlorobenzene 

*p-Dichlorobenzene 

Dichlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

*3,3 '-Dichlorobenzidine base and salts 

2,4-Dichlorobenzoic acid 

Dichlorobenzoquinone , barium salt 

2,4-Dichlorobenzoyl chloride 

2,5-Dichloro-3,6-dihydroxy-p-benzoquinone 

Dichlorodiphenylsilane 

2' ,7'-Dichlorofluorescein 

2,5-Dichloro-4-hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid 

7,16-Dichloroi nd anthrone 

Dichloroisoviolanthrone 

*2,5-Dichloro-4-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)-benzene- 
sulfonic acid. 
Dichloromethylphenylsilane 

*2,6-Dichloro-4-nitro aniline 

4,5-Dichloro-l-nitroanthraquinone 

l,2-Dichloro-4-nitrobenzene 

l,4-Dichloro-2-nitrobenzene (Nitro-p-dichlorobenzene) 

2,4-Diehlorophenol 

2,5-Dichlorophenylhydrazine 

3,6-Dichloropyridazine 

4,7-Dichloroquinoline 

*2,5-Dichlorosulfanilic acid [S0 3 H=l] 

2,5-Diehloro-4-sulfobenzenediazonium chloride 

pyx -Dichlorotoluene 

2,6-Dichlorotoluene 

2,4-Dlchloro-5-(p-toluenesulfonamide)-l-naphthol? 

Dicyclohexylamine 

Dicyclopentadiene 

4-Diethylamino-o-tolualdehyde 

2,4-Di(l,l-dimethylpropyl)phenol (Di-tert-amylphenol) 

2, 4-Diethoxy aniline 

2, 5-Diethoxy aniline 

2',5'-Diethoxybenzanilide 

p-Diethoxybenzene 

2',5'-Diethoxy-4 -nitrobenzanilide 

l,4-Diethoxy-2 -nitrobenzene 

p-Diethylaminobenz aldehyde 

oc-(2-Diethylaminoethyl) -2-phenylcyclohexane methanol, 

hydrochloride . 
a-Diethylamino-4 / -hydroxy-m-acetotoluidide 

*m-Diethylaminophenol (N,N-Diethyl-3-aminophenol) 

3-Diethylaminopropiophenone 

*N,N-Diethylaniline 

N,N-Diethyl-m-anisidine 

Diethylbenzene 

Diethylcyelohexane 

N , N -Diethy lcyelohexylnnri ne 

N.N-Diethylmetanilic acid 

NjN 1 -Diethyl -4-methoxymetanilamide- 

N 1 ,N 1 -Diethyl-5-methoxysulf anil amide 

N,N-DIethyl-p-nitrosoaniline 

N,N-Diethyl-4-nitro60-m-anisid:Lne hydrochloride 

Diethyl terephthaloyldiacetate 

N,N-Diethyl-m-toluidine 

3,3'-Diformamidocarbanilide 

3,4-Dihydro-3,4-dioxo-l-napthalenesulfonic acid, 
sodium salt. 

2,3-Dihydro-4H-pyran 

l,5(and l,8)-Dihydroxyanthraquinone 

Dihydroxydinitroanthraquinone 

l,5-Dihydroxy-4,8-dinitroanthraquinone 

l,8-Dihydroxy-4,5-dinitro-2,6-anthraquinonedisulfonic acid- 

2,2 -Dihydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone 

2,6-Dihydroxymethyl-p-cresol 

»4,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenediflulfonic acid (Chramo- 
tropic acid) . 

*6,7-Dihydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfanic acid 



GGY, 

ACO, 

SDH. 

ACF, 

HN. 

EK. 

HN. 



EK. 

GAF. 

AHC. 

AHC. 

ACY, 

DCC. 
DUP, 

gaf; 

DUP. 
ACF. 
DA, 
VPC. 
ACY. 
PD, 
DUP. 
TRC, 
HN. 
GAF. 
EK. 
IS N . 
ESL. 
DUP. 
FAS 
KPC , 
GAF, 
GAF 

oaf! 

GAF, 
OAF, 

ACF 

ACY 

PD. 



HKD, PPG, MTO. 

CPD, DOW, DUP, HK, MON, SCC, SVT, UWS. 



ALL, TRC, x, X. 



CMG, DUP, GAF, TRC, VPC. 



EKT, GAF, KPC. 

MON. 

DUP, GAF, KPC, VPC. 
DOW, MON. 



SDW. 
GAF, VPC. 



ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF. 




ACF, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


SDH. 


DUP. 








DOW, 


KPP. 






UCC. 








DUP. 








DUP, 


GAF. 






GAF, 


PCW, 


VPC. 




ICC. 








GAF. 








DUP. 








GAF. 








DUP. 








GAF. 








EK. 








DUP, 


QKO. 






DUP. 








DUP. 








AHC. 








DUP. 








ACY. 








ACY. 








ACF, 


HAR, 


TRC. 




ACF, 


FMT, 


GAF, 


IDC, WOC 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



73 



TABLE IB.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959— Continued 



3,5-Dihydroxy-2-naphthoic acid 

*16,17-Dihydroxyviolanthrone (Dihydroxydibenzanthrone) 

2',4'-Diinethoxyacetophenone 

2, 5-Dimethoxy aniline 

2,5-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde 

m-Dimethoxybenzene 

p-Dimethoxybenzene 

*3,3' -Dimethoxybenzidine 

2,4-Dimethoxybenzoic acid 

l,l-(3,3' -Dimethoxy-4,4' -biphenylenejbis [3-methyl-3-(2- 

sulfoethyl)] triazene. 
3,3' -Dimethoxy-4,4' -bis(3-methyl-3-sulfoethyltriazen- 

l-yl)biphenyl. 

l,4-Dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzene 

3,4-Dimethoxyphenethylamine ( Homoveratrylamine ) 

(3,4-Dimethoxyphenyl) acetic acid 

(3,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)acetonitrile 

16,17-Dimethoxyviolanthrone 

p-Dimethylaminobenzaldehyde 

o-(Dimethylaminomethyi; -p-butylphenol 

a -(jl-4-Dimethylamino-3-methyl-l,2-diphenylbutanol 

hydrochloride . 
a-d-4-Dimethylamino-3-methyl-l,2-diphenyl-2-butanol, 

camphor sulfonate. 
a-d-4-Dimethylanuno-3-methyl-l,2-diphenyl-2-butanol 

hydrochloride . 

o-Dimethylaminomethylphenol 

3-Dimethylamino-2-methylpropiophenone 

m-Dimethylaminophenol 

N-(p-Dimethylaminophenyl)-l,4-naphthoquinone imine 

*N,N-Dimethylaniline 

2,5-Dimethyl-p-benzoquinone 

*N,N -Dime thy lbenzylamine 

3,4-Dimethylbenzyl chloride 

*2,2' -Dimethyl-1,1' -bianthraquinone 

2,4-Di(l-methylbutyl) phenol 

5,5-Dimethyl-l,3-cyclohexanedione 

2',7'-Dimethylfluoran 

Dimethylhydantoin 

2,8-Dimethyl-13j3-hydroxy-9(13£)-ceroxenone 

2,3-Dimethylindole 

M,N-Dimethyl-p-nitrosoaniline 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine monohydrochloride 

1,4-Dimethylpiperazine 

p-(l,l-Dimethylpropyl) phenol 

4'-(4,6-Dimethyl-2-pyTimidinylsulfamoyl)acetanilide 

N,N-DimethylEulfanilic acid 

2,4— Dinitro aniline 

»p-( 2, 4-Dinitroanilino) phenol 

2,4-Dinitroanisole 

1,5 (and l,8)-Dinitroanthraquinone 

2,4-Dinitro-N,N' -(l,5-anthraquinone)dioxamic acid 

3,4' -Dinitrobenzanilide 

m-Dinitrobenzene 

2,4-Dinitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

3,5-Dinitrobenzoic acid 

3,5-Dinitrobenzoyl chloride 

Dinitro(3,3'-bi-7H-benz[de]anthracen)-7,7'-dione 

4,5-Dinitrochrysazin 

4,4'-Dinitrodibenzyl-2,2'-disulfonic acid, disodium salt 

*2,4-Dinitrophenol, tech 

2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine 

*4,4' -Dinitro-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

2,4-Dinitrotoluene 

2,4(and 2,6)-Dinitrotoluene 

Dinitrotoluene , mixed 

3,4-Dinitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

Dipentene 

(2,4-Di(tert-pentyl)phenoxy) acetyl chloride 

1,5-Diphenoxyanthraquinone 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



GAF, PCW. 

ACF, ACY, AHC, DUP, GAF, MAY, TRC. 

DUP. 
GAF. 
OWN. 
ACY, 
ASL, 
ACF, 
ACY, 
GAF. 



DUP, GAF. 

GAF. 

ALL, DUP, SDH, x. 

DUP. 



DUP. 

EKT, GAF. 

LIL. 

LIL. 

LIL. 

AHC, MAY. 

FIN. 

RH. 

LIL. 

LIL. 



LIL. 
ACY. 






ACF. 
ACF, ACY, 


DSC, 


DUP. 


EK. 






FBS, MLS, 


SFA, 


x. 


BPC. 






ACF, ACY, 


AHC, 


CMG, DUP, GAF, KPC 


PAS. 






EKT. 






WLM. 






GLY. 






WLM. 






DUP. 






ACF, ACY, 


FMT. 




ACF. 






EK. 






JCC. 






PAS. 






ACY. 






GAF. 






ACY, KPC. 






ACF, DUP, 


GAF. 




ALL. 






CMG, KPC, 


TRC. 




TRC. 






DUP. 






ACF, DUP, 


GAF. 




GAF, TRC. 






DUP, GAM, 


KPC. 




EK. 






DUP, MAY. 






DUP, EKT, 


GAF. 




DUP. 






ACF, DUP, 


KPC. 




EK. 






ACF, ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, SDH, TRC. 


ACF, DUP. 






DUP. 






ACF. 






GAF. 






GLD, HNW 






GAF. 






DUP, KPC 







7h 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE IB. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported 
identified by manufacturer, 1959— Continued 



l,5(and l,8)-Diphenoxyanthraquinone 

1,8-Diphenoxyanthraquinone 

m-Diphenoxybenzene 

Diphenylacetic acid 

Diphenylacetonitrile 

Diphenylamine 

6,8-Diphenylamino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

Diphenylanthraquinone-l'(S)-2',5'(S)-6'-dithiazole 

1,1-Diphenylethylene 

N,N'-Diphenylethylenediamine 

1,1-Diphenylhydrazine hydrochloride 

2,5-Diphenyloxazole 

Diphenylphenylphosphonite 

l,3-Diphenyl-l,3-propanedione 

N,N-Diphenyl-N'-(m-propyl)urea 

Diphenyl-4-pyridylcarbinol 

1>3-Diphenyltriazene 

2,5-Dithiobiurea 

Dithiodibenzoic acid 

*l,4-Di(p-toluidino)anthraquinone 

l,8-Di(p-toluidino)anthraquinone 

Divinylbenzene 

Dodecylaniline 

*Dodecylbenzene (includes keryl-type benzenes) 

Dodecylnitrobenzene 

Dodecylphenol 

p-Dodecylphenol 

o-Ethoxybenzoic acid 

(o-Ethoxybenzoyl)acetonitrile 

6-Ethoxy-2-mercaptobenzothiazole 

2-Ethoxynaphthalene 

N-(2-Ethoxy-l-naphthyl)acetamide 

o-Ethoxyphenol (2-Hydroxyphenetole) 

3-Ethylamino-p-cresol 

3-Ethylamino-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S0 3 H=1] 

*N-Ethylaniline, refined 

*2-(N-Ethylanilino)ethanol 

[ 2-(N-Ethylanilino)ethyl]trimethylanimonium chloride 

(N-Ethylanilino)propionitrile 

a-(N-Ethylanilino)-m-toluenesulfonic acid 

*a-(N-Ethylanilino)-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

N-Ethyl-p-anisidine 

N-Ethylanthranilic acid 

2-Ethylanthraquinone 

*Ethylbenzene 

9-Ethylcarbazole 

N-Ethylcyclohexen-1-ylamine 

3-(N-Ethyl-4-formyl-m-toluidino)propionitrile 

2- [l-Ethyl-3-(2-methoxy-5-nitrophenyl)triazen-3-yl] -5- 
sulfobenzoic acid. 

N-Ethyl-1-naphthylamine 

9-Ethyl-3-nitrocarbazole 

p-Ethylphenol 

N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamine 

2-Ethyl-2-phenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester 

5-Ethyl-2-picoline (2-Methyl-5-ethylpyridine) (MEP) 

2-Ethylpyridine 

N-Ethyl-5-sulfoanthranilic acid--- '. 

6-Ethyl-l,2,3,4-tetrahydro-l,l,4,<i-tetramethylnaphthalene- 

N-Ethyl-m-toluidine 

N-Ethyl-o-toluidine 

3-(N-Ethyl-m-toluidino)-l,2-propanediol 

3-(N-Ethyl-m-toluidino)propionitrile 

(N-Ethyl-m-toluidino)-m-toluenesulfonic acid 

1-Ethynylcyclohexanol 

Fluorobenzene 

l-Fluoro-2,<i-dinitrobenzene 

o-Fluorotoluene 

4-Formyl-m-benzenedisulfonic acid 

m'-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid 

«o-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid (o-Sulfobenzaldehyde) 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DUP. 

EKT. 

x. 

BPC. 

FBS, KF. 

ACY, DOW, DUP. 

ACF, TRC. 

AHC. 

CWN. 

TEK. 

EK. 

EK. 

VIC. 

EK. 

FBS. 

RIL. 

ACF. 

ACY. 

MEE. 

ACF, AHC, GAF, TRC. 

AHC. 

DOW, KPP. 

MON. 

ACF, ATR, CO, MDN, SOC, SOI. 

MON. 

RH, UCP, x. 

GAF. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

DUP. 

ACF. 

TRC. 

MON. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

ACF, ACY, DUP, UCC. 

DUP, EKT, TRC. 

DUP. 

EKT. 

DUP. 

ACF, ACY, GAF, ICC, SDH, TRC, VPC, WRN. 

EKT. 

GAF. 

ACF. 

ACP, DOW, KPP, MIC, UCC. 

GAF. 

MLS. 

DUP. 

GAF. 

DSC, DUP. 

GAF. 

ACY. 

ACF, DUP, SDH. 

BPC, MAL. 

UCC. 

RIL. 

GAF. 

GIV. 

DUP. 

ACF, DUP. 

EKT. 

DUP, EKT. 

DUP. 

AIR. 

EK. 

EK. 

EK. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

ACF, GAF, ICC, SDH, VPC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



15 



TABLE IB. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1 959- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



3-(4-Formyl-N-methylanilino)propionitrile 

Furan 

Furfuryl alcohol 

*Hexachlorobenzene 

Hexachlorocyclopentadiene 

Hexachlorophenyl ether 

Hexamethylbenzene 

2,2',4,4',6,6'-Hexanitrodiphenylamine 

Homophthalic acid 

*p-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid 

3-Hydrazino-5-nitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S0 3 H=l] 

4-Hydrazino-m-toluenesulfonic acid 

Hydroquinone, tech 

2'-Hydroxyacetophenone 

4'-Hydroxyacetophenone 

1 -Hydroxy anthraquinone 

N-( 3-Hydroxy-2-anthraquinonyl) -l-nitro-2-anthraquinone 
carboxamide. 

3-Hydroxy-2-anthroic acid 

2-Hydroxy-llH-benzo[a]carbazole-3-carboxylic acid 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, butyl ester 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, ethyl ester 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, methyl ester 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, propyl ester 

4-Hydroxycoumarin 

3-(N-2-Hydroxyethylanilino)propionitrile 

[3-(N-2-Hydroxyethylanilino)propionitrile] acetate 

N-2-Hydroxyethyl-p-reeorcylamide 

N-(4-Hydroxymetanilyl) anthranilic acid 

2-Hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone 

4 -Hydroxy -4 '-methylbenzophenone 

3-Hydroxy-2-methylcinchoninic acid 

2-Hydroxymethyl-4-isooctylphenoxy-3,6,9,12-tetraoxo-l- 
tetradecanol. 

N-Hydroxymethylphthalamide 

7-Hydroxy-l-naphthalenecarbamic acid, methyl ester 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphtho-o-anisidine 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphtho-o-toluidide 

1 -Hydroxy -2 -naphthoic acid 

2-Hydroxy-l-naphthoic acid 

»3-Hydroxy-2-naphtholc acid (B.O.N.) 

l-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid, phenyl ester 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphtho-o-phenetidide 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphtho-o-toluidide 

N-(2-Hydroxy-l-naphthyl)acetamide 

N-(7-Hydroxy-l-naphthyl)acet amide 

l-Hydroxy-4-nitro anthraquinone 

Hydro xynitroviolanthrone 

l-[4'-(p-Hydroxyphenylazo) -1,1' -biphenyl-4-azo] -2- 

naphthol-6,8-disulfonic acid. 
1- [4 '-(p-Hydroxyphenylazo) -3,3-dimethyl-l' -biphenyl- 

4-azo] -2-naphthol-6,8-disulfonic acid. 
2-Hydroxy-4-sulfo-l-naphthalenediazonium hydroxide, inner 
salt. 

P-[ (5-Hydroxy-7-sulf o-2-naphthyl) amino] benzoic acid 

Imidazole 

2-Imidazolidinone 

*l,l'-Iminobis [4-aminoanthraquinone] 

l,l'-Iminobis [4-benzamidoanthraquinone] 

*l,l'-Iminobis [5-benzamidoanthraquinone] 

«6,6' -Iminobis [1-naphthol -3 -sulfonic acid] 

*l,l'-Iminobis [4-nitroanthraquinone] 

*l,l'-Iminodianthraquinone (Dianthrimide) 

Indanthrene 

o-Iodobenzoic acid 

Isatin 

Isatoic anhydride 

Isocyanic acid, m-chlorophenyl ester - 

Isocyanic acid, 3,3'-dimethoxy-4,4'-biphenylene ester 

Isocyanic acid, S.S'-dimethyl-A^'-biphenylene ester 



DUP. 
DUP. 
QKO. 
DA, DOW, SCC, UCP. 



EK. 

DUP. 

ACY, 

WRN. 

GAF. 

CRS, 

KF. 

KF. 

TRC. 

GAF. 



GAF. 

GAF. 

HN. 

FBS, HN. 

HN. 

FBS, HN. 

FBS, HN. 

ABB. 

DUP, ICC. 

EKT. 

FMT. 

TRC. 

ACY. 

BKC. 

DUP. 

USR. 

ACY. 
TRC. 
AIL. 
KPC. 
ACF, 
BL. 



DUP, GAF, STG, VPC. 



ACF, 

EK. 

ATL. 

AIL. 

TRC. 

GAF, 

TRC. 

ACY. 

TRC. 

TRC. 



GAF. 

AUG, DUP, HN, PCW, SW. 



GAF. 














EK. 














ACF, 


ACY, 


AHC, 


CMG, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


MAY, TRC 


ACY, 


AHC, 


MAY. 










AHC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


MAY, 


TRC. 






DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 










A.'"\ 


DUP, 


MAY, 


TRC. 








A^t', 


ACY, 


AHC, 


DUP- 


GAF, 


MAY, 


TRC. 


TRC. 














MAL. 














ACF. 














MEE. 














OAF. 














CWN. 














ACF, 


CWN. 













76 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 7B. 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



Isocyanic acid, 4-(p-isocyanatophenoxy)-m-phenylene ester — 

Isocyanic acid, methylenebis(2-methyl-p-phenylene) ester 

Isocyanic acid, methylenedi-(m-methyl-p-phenylene) ester 

Isocyanic acid, methylenedi-p-phenylene ester 

♦Isocyanic acid, 4-methyl-m-phenylene ester 

Isocyanic acid, 1-naphthyl ester 

Isocyanic acid, 1,4-phenylene ester 

Isocyanic acid, polymethylene -polypheny lene ester 

Isonicotinic acid, methyl ester 

Isonitrosopropiophenone 

Isophorone ■ 

Isophthalic acid (1,3-Benzenedicarboxylic acid) 

Isophthaloyl chloride 

Isopropylbenzene 

*4,4'-Isopropylidenediphenol (Bisphenol A) 

N-Isopropyl-2-nitro-l-phenol-4-sulfonamide 

1,3-Isoquinolinediol 

Isothiocyanic acid, phenyl ester - 

»Isoviolanthrone (Isodibenzanthrone) 

Leuco-l,4-bis(methylamino)anthraquinone 

*Leuco-l,4-diaminoanthraquinone 

*Leuco quinizarin (1,4,9,10-Anthratetrol) 

*Leuco tetrahydroxyanthraquinone 

2,4-Lutidine 

2,6-Lutidine 

Melamine 

o-Llercaptobenzoic acid 

Metanilamide 

Metanilanilide 

♦Metanilic acid (m-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid) 

Methacrylonitrile — 

Methapyrilene 

1-Methoxyanthraquinone 

*4-Methoxymetanilic acid 

N-(2-Methoxy-l-naphthyl)acetamide 

4-Methoxy-6-nitroraetanilic acid 

p-Methoxyphenylacetic acid 

4'-Methoxypropiophenone 

N 1 -(6-Methoxy-3-pyridazinyl) sulfanilamide 

l-(6-Methoxy-m-tolyl)-3-methyl-3-(D-gluco-2,3,4,5,6- 
pentahydroxyphenyl) triazene. 

1-Methylaminoanthraquinone 

l-Methylamino-4-(p-toluidino)anthraquinone 

N-Methylaniline 

2-(N-Methylanilino)ethanol 

3-(N-Methylanilino)propionitrile 

5-Methyl-o-anisidine [NH2=l] 

N-Methylanthranilic acid 

2-Methylanthraquinone 

l-(3-Methyl-2-anthraquinonylamino) -5-(7-oxo-7H-benz [de] - 
anthracen-3-ylamino) anthraquinone . 

3-Methylbenzo[f] quinoline 

2-Methylbenzo[h] quinoline 

2-Methylbenzothiazole 

N-Methylbenzylamine 

Methylcyclohexane 

N-Methylcyclohexylamine 

N-Methyleneaniline- 

4, 4' -Methylenebis [2-chloroaniline^ 

4,4 '-Methylenebis N,N-diethylaniline]^ (Methane base) 

4,4'-Methylenebis[N,N-dimethylaniline' 

4, 4' -Methy lene bis[N,N-dimethyl-2-nitro aniline] 

5, 5 '-Methylenebis [toluene -2, 4-diamine] 

Methylenedianiline- 

Methylenedisalicylic acid 

2-Methylfuran 

2-Methylindole 

Methylnaphthalene, crude 

N-Methyl-4' -nitroacetanilide' 

N-Methyl-p-nitro aniline 

4-Methyl-2-nitroanisole 



DUP. 

DUP. 

ACF. 

ACF, 

ACF, 

EK. 

CWN. 

CWN. 

RIL. 

FBS. 

UCC. 

SOC. 

HK. 

PLC. 

DOW, 

TRC. 

DUP. 

EK. 

ACY, 

DUP. 

ACY, 

ACF, 

AHC, 

ACP, 

RIL. 

ACY. 

MED, 

IRC. 

GAF. 

ACF, 

EKT. 



MOB. 
DUP, MOB. 



MON, SHC. 



AHC, DUP, GAF, MAY, TRC. 

AHC, DUP, GAF, ICC, MAY, TRC. 
DUP, HAR, KPC, TRC. 
GAF, ICC, TRC. 
KPT. 



ACY, CMG, DUP, GAF., TRC, WOC. 



GAF. 

CMG, GAF, VPC. 

TRC. 

DUP. 

TBK. 

LIL. 

ACY. 

DUP. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, GAF. 

GAF. 

ACY, DUP. 

GAF. 

DUP, EKT. 

DUP, TRC. 

GAF. 

ACF, ACY. 

DUP. 

ACY, GAF. 

ACY. 

GAF. 

MLS. 

DOW, PLC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

ACY, GAF, TRC. 

ACF, DUP. 

GAF. 

ACF, DUP. 

ACY. 

HN. 

QKO. 

GAF. 

KPT, VEL. 

ACF, GAF. 

EK, GAF. 

DUP. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



77 



TABLE 7B. — Synthetic, organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer , 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



*2-Methyl-l-nitroanthraquinone 

N-Methyl -2 -nitro-l-phenol-4-sulf onamide 

N-Methyl-N-nitroso-p-toluenesulfonamide 

2-Methyl-5-norbornene-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride 

m-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyTazolin-l-yl)benzenesulf onamide 

m-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic acid 

*p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic acid 

3-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl) -5-nitro-p-toluene- 

sulfonic acid [S0 3 H=l]. 
4-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazoiin-l-yl) -m-toluenesulfonic 

acid [S0 3 H=l]. 
N-Methyl-N-phenylbenzylamine 

*3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one (Developer Z) 

Methyl phenyl sulfide 

Methylpropylcarbinylbarbituric acid 

1-Me thy lpyr role 

*A-Methylstyrene 

N-Methyl-5-sulfoanthranilic acid 

2-Methylsulfonyl-4— nitro aniline 

4-(Methylsulfonyl)-2-nitrophenol 

2-Methyl-6-(p-toluidino) -7H-dibenz [f ,i j] isoquinoline- 

2,7(3H)-dione. 
3-Methyl-6-(p-toluidino) -7H-dibenz [f ,i j] isoquinoline- 
2,7(3H)-dione. 

3-Methyl-l-p-tolyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

6' -Methyl -A- -p-tolylsulfonamido-m-benzanisidide 

♦Naphthalene, solidifying at 79° C. or above (refined flake): 

*From domestic crude naphthalene 

»From imported crude naphthalene 

1,5-Naphthalenediol (1,5-Dihydroxynaphthalene) 

2,3-Naphthalenediol 

2,7-Naphthalenediol 

*l,5-Naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

*2,7-Naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

1-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid 

2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2-Naphthalenesulfonyl chloride 

1,4,5,8-Naphthalenetetracarboxylic acid 

1,4-,5,8-Naphthalenetetracarboxylic dianhydride 

1,3, 6-Naphthalenetrisulf onic acid 

Naphthalic anhydride 

Naphthalimide 

Naphthionic acid ( 4-Ami no-1-naphthalenesulf onic acid) 

Naphthionic acid, sodium salt 

1-Naphthol (a-Naphthol) ' 

2-Naphthol, tech. (p -Naphthol) 

p-Naphtholbenzein 

l-Naphthol-3-benzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

l-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, monosodium salt 

l-Naphthol-3,8-disulfonic acid 

*2-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid (R acid) 

*2-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, disodium salt 

*2-Naphthol-6,8-disulfonic acid (G acid) 

2-Naphthol-6,8-disulfonic acid, dipotassium salt 

*2-Naphthol-6,8-disulfonic acid, disodium salt 

l-Naphthol-3-sulf onamide 

*l-Naphthol-4-sulfonic acid (Nevile & Winther's acid) 

l-Naphthol-5-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthol-8-sulfonic acid 

*2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid (Schaeffer's acid) 

2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2-Naphthol-6-sulfonlc acid, sodium salt, p-toluene 
sulfonate . 

2-Naphthol-7-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthol-8-sulfonic acid 

*l-Naphthol-8-sulfonie acid sultone (1,8-Naphthosultone) 

lj'i-Naphthoquinone 

Naphthostyril 

Naphth[l,2-d] [1,2,3] oxadiazole-5,9-disulf onic acid— - 

*Naphth[l,2] oxadiazole-5-sulfonic acid 



ACF 


AHC, 


DUP, 


GAF. 




TRC 










EK. 










ACF 










THC 










OAF 










AC'i 


CMG, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC, VPC 


OAF 










GAF 










EK. 










ACF 


DOW, 


DUP, 


SDW, 


TRC, VPC 


EVM 










LIL 










ASL 


X. 








AC! 


ACY, 


DOW, 


HPC, 


soc. 


GAF 










EK1 










IRC 










AHC 










GAF 










ICC 


VPC. 








GAF 










ACP 


ACY, 


DUP, 


KPT, 


RIL, SW. 


Ai'p 


ACY, 


KPT, 


STN, 


SW. 


ACF 










GAF 










KK . 










ACF 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 




ACF 


DUP, 


TRC. 






IRC 










ACF 


ACY. 








ACY 










DUP 


EK, 


GAF. 






TRC 










GAF 










GAF 










ACF 


DUP, 


GAF. 






ACF 


DUP, 


GAF. 






AM 


DUP. 








ACF 


ACY, 


DUP, 


TRC. 




ACF 


DUP. 








ACF 


ACY, 


SW. 






EK. 










GAF 










ACF' 










ACF 










ACF 


TRC. 








ACY 


GAF, 


WRN. 






ACF 


DUP, 


TRC. 






GAF 










ACI 










GAF 










ACF 


DUP, 


TRC. 






ACF 


GAF, 


TRC. 






ACF 


ACY, 


TRC. 






TMS 


WRN. 








DOT 










DUP 










TRC 










ACT 


CMG, 


DUP, 


TRC. 




ACF 


ACY. 








ACF 


DUP. 








TRC 










ACF 


CMG, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 



78 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 7B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



1-Naphthylamine (a-Naphthylamine) 

2-Naphthylamine (P -Naphthylamine) 

l-(2-Naphthylamino)-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid 

p-2-Naphthylaminophenol (N-(p-Hydroxyphenyl)-2-naphthyl- 
amine) . 

*2-(Naphthylthio)acetic acid 

Nicotinic acid, n-butyl ester 

Nicotinonitrile (3-Cyanopyridine) 

Nitro-aceanthra[2,l-a]aceanthrylene-5,13-dione 

3' -Nitroacetanilide 

it' -Nitroacetanilide 

2-Nitro-p-acetanisidide 

i (and 5' )-Nitro-o-acetanisidide 

3 -Nitroacetophenone 

i -Nitroacetophenone 

*m-Nitroaniline 

o-Nitroaniline 

p-Nitroaniline 

3-Nitro-p-anisic acid 

2-Nitro-p-anisidine [NH 2 =1] 

»4-Nitro-o-anisidine f NH 2 =1 ] - - 

*5-Nitro-o-anisidine [NH 2 =1] 

o-Nitroanisole 

p-Nitroanisole 

1-Nitroanthraquinone 

l'-Nitroanthraquinone-2'-carboxyaminoaceanthra[2,l-a]- 
aceanthrylene-5, 13-dione. 

*l-Nitro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid 

*5-Nitro-l-anthraquinonesulfonic acid 

5(and 8)-Nitro-l-anthraquinonesulfonic acid 

8-Nitro-l-anthraquinonesulfonic acid 

8-Nitro-l-anthraquinonesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2- (l-Nitro-2-anthraquinonyl )anthra[ 2, 3] oxazole-5, 10-dione 

m-Nitrobenzaldehyde . 

6-[p-(p-Nitrobenzamido)benzamido]-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid 

6-(p-Nitrobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid 

^Nitrobenzene 

2-Nitro-p-benzenedisulf onic acid 

m-Nitrobenzenesulfonamide 

3'-Nitrobenzenesulfonanilide 

*m-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

*m-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

p-Nitrobenzenesulf onic acid 

5'-Nitro-o-benzenesulfonotoluidide 

m-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

p-Nitrobenzenesulf onyl chloride 

*m-Nitrobenzoic acid 

*p-Nitrobenzoie acid 

p-Nitrobenzoic acid, ethyl ester 

p-Nitrobenzoic acid, isobutyl ester 

p-Nitrobenzoic acid, propyl ester 

m-Nitrobenzoyl chloride 

p-Nitrobenzoyl chloride 

4'-Nitro-4-biphenylcarboxylic acid, sodium salt 

2-Nitro-p-cresol 

Nitrodiphenylamine 

1-Nitronaphthalene , 

3-Nitro-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

8-Nitro-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

8(and 5)-Nitro-l(and 2)-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

7(and 8)-Nitronaphth[l,2 ]oxadiazole-5-sulfonic acid 

4'-Nitrooxanilic acid 

p-Nitrophenethyl acetate 

Nitrophenethyl alcohol 

p-Nitrophenetole 

o-Nitrophenol 

p-Nitrophenol 

p-Nitrophenol, sodium salt 

2-Nitro-l-phenol-4-sulfonanilide 

o-Nitrophenylacetic acid 



ACF, DUP, 


GAF. 






KLS. 








ACF. 








GAF. 








ACY, DUP, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


VPC. 


ABB. 








NEP, RIL. 








AHC. 








TRC. 








ACY,- EKT, 


GAF, 


TRC. 




DUP, GAF. 








GAF. 








ACY. 








NES. 








ACY, DUP, 


TRC. 






KPC, MON, 


SDH. 






KPC, MON. 








GAF. 








DUP, SDH. 








DUP, GAF, 


KPC, 


SDH. 




ACY, ALL, 


AUG, 


DUP, 


GAF, KLS, KPC, SDH 


DUP, MON. 








DUP. 








KPC. 








AHC. 








ACF, AHC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 


ACF, DUP, 


GAF, 


MAY, 


TRC. 


ACF, DUP. 








TRC. 








DUP. 








GAF. 








ACF, SDH. 








DUP. 








DUP, GAF. 








ACF, ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


MON. 


TRC. 








TRC. 








GAF, TRC. 








ACF, CMG, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


KPC, MAY, TRC. 


MON. 








ACY. 








DUP. 








GAF. 








EK. 








HK. 








CWL, DUP. 








FBS. 








FBS. 








FBS. 








GAF, HK. 








DUP, HK. 








DUP, GAF. 








DUP, TRC. 








ACY. 








ACF, DUP, 


GAF. 






GAF, TRC. 








GAF. 








GAF. 








ACF, GAF, 


TRC. 






DUP. 








EKT. 








EKT. 








DUP. 








DUP, VPC. 








DUP, GAF, 


MON. 






MON. 








TRC. 








EK. 









CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



79 



TABLE 7B. 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



p-Nitrophenylacetic acid 

N, N'-(4--Nitro-m-phenylene)bisacetamide 

p-Nitrophenylhydrazine 

2-(o-Nitrophenyl)-2H-naphtho[l,2]triazole-6,8-disulfonic 
acid. 

l-(m-Nitrophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid 

4-Nitrophthalic acid 

4-Nitrophthalimide 

3(and 5)-Nitrosalicylic acid 

4-Nitrosodiphenylamine 

l-Nitroso-2-naphthol 

2-Nitroso-l-naphthol 

p-Nitrosophenol 

p-Nitrostyrene 

2-[^-(4-Nitro-2-sulfostyryl)-5-sulfophenyl]-2H-naphtho- 
[l,2]triazole-5-sulfonic acid. 

m-Nitrotoluene 

o-Nitrotoluene 

p-Nitro toluene 

,Nltrotoluene mixtures 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonanilide 

*3-Nitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S0 3 H=1] 

*5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S0 3 H=1] 

4'-Nitro-p-toluenesulfono-o-toluidide 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonylchloride 

4-Nitro-o-toluidine [ NH 2 =l] 

*5-Nitro-o-toluidine [ NH 2 =l] 

*2-Nitro-p-toluidine [ NH 2 =l] 

*16-Nitroviolanthrone 

2-Nitro-p-xylene 

4-Nitro-m-xylene 

*Nitroxylenes, mixed 

2-tert-Nonyl-p-cresol 

Nonyl-dinonylphenol, mixture 

Nonyl- and dodecylbenzenes, mixed 

*Nonylphenol 

2-(p-Nonylphenoxy )ethanol 

Octylphenol 

Qxalacetic acid, diethyl ester, p-sulfophenylhydrazone 

6-0xo-6H-anthra[9, llisothiazole-3-carbonyl chloride 

6-0xo-6H-anthra[9,l]isothiazole-3-carboxylic acid 

*l-(7-0xo-7H-benz[de]anthracen-3-ylamino)anthraquinone 

*1, l'-(7-0xo-7H-benz [de]anthracen-3,9-ylenediimino)- 
dianthraquinone. 

5-0xo-l-phenyl-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid 

5-Qxo-l-phenyl-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid ester 

5-0xo-l-phenyl-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid, ethyl ester 
*5-0xo-l-(p-sulfophenyl )-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid 
(Pyrazolone T). 

4,4--0xydianiline 

3-[ 2-(m-Pentadecylphenoxy)butyramido]-l-(2,'i,6-trichloro- 
phenyl )-2-pyrazolin-5-one. 

Pentadecyltoluene 

1, 1,3,3,5-Pentamethylindan 

Pentylnaphthalenes ( Amylnaphthalenes ) 

o-Pentylphenol (o-Amylphenol) 

3,4,9,10-Perylenetetracarboxylic acid 

3,4,9,10-Perylenetetracarboxylic diimide 

Phenethylamine 

Phenethylamine sulfate 

4-Phenethylresorcinol 

o-Phenetidine 

p-Phenetidine 

*Phenol : 
♦Natural: 

*From coal tar: 1 

39° C, m.p — — 

*62#-84# - 

All other 

*From petroleum 



EX. 

GAF. 

EK. 

TRC. 

DUP. 

EK. 

DUP. 

EK, GAF. 

MON, USR. 

EK. 

EK. 

ACF, ACY, DUP. 

CWN. 

TRC. 



DUP. 

ACF, 

ACF, 

ACF, 

GAF. 

ACY, 

ACF, 

GAF. 

GAF. 

DUP, 

DUP, 

ACF, 

ACY, 

DUP. 

DUP. 

ACF, 

USR. 

JCC. 

ATR. 

GAF, 

GAF. 

RH. 

TRC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

ACY, 

ACF, 



DUP. 
DUP. 

DUP. 

CUG, GAF, TRC. 

ACY, DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC. 



GAF. 

GAF, KLS, KPC, SDH. 

ACY, DUP, SDH, SW. 

GAF, MAY, PCO. 



ACY, DUP. 



JCC, RH, UCC, UCP, USR. 



AHC, DUP, GAF, TRC. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, GAF, MAY, TRC. 



VPC. 
SDW. 
GAF. 
GAF, KPC, VPC. 

EK. 
GAF. 

CO. 

GIV. 

PAS. 

PAS. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

MLS. 

MLS. 

KPC. 

DUP, MON. 

DUP, MON. 



ACP, KPT, RIL. 

ACP, KPT, RIL. 

ACP, ACY, KPT, PRD, REP, RIL. 

MER, PIT, PRD. 



See footnote at end of table. 



80 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 7B. —Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



»Phenol — Continued 
*Synthetic : 

By caustic fusion: 

U.S.P 

All other 

From chlorobenzene by liquid-phase hydrolysis: U.S.P-- 

From chlorobenzene by vapor-phase hydrolysis: U.S.P 

*From cumene 

*l-Phenol-4-sulfonic acid 

Phenoxyacetic acid 

a-Phenoxypropionyl chloride 

♦Phenylacetic acid (a-Toluic acid) 

Phenylacetic acid, ethyl ester, tech 

Phenylacetic acid, methyl ester, tech 

»Phenylacetic acid, potassium salt 

Phenylacetic acid, sodium salt 

*Phenylacetonitrile (a-Tolunitrile) 

4'-Phenylacetophenone 

2-Phenylanthr[2,3]oxazole-5,10-dione 

*p-phenylazoaniline (p-Aminoazobenzene) and hydrochloride-- 

p-Phenylazobenzoyl chloride 

4-Phenylazo-l-naphthylamine 

4-Phenylazo-2,5-xylidine hydrochloride 

2-Phenylbutyric acid 

trans-2-Phenylcyclopropanecarboxylic acid 

N,N'-p-Phenylenebis[acetamide] 

2,2-p-Pheriylenebis[5-(l-nitro-2-anthraquinonyl)-l,3,4- 
oxadiazole]. 

*m-Phenylenedi amine 

*o-Phenylenediamine 

*p-Phenylenediamine 

l,l'-(p-Phenylenedicarbonyl)bis[2-(l-nitro-2-anthra- 
quinonylcarbonyl)hydrazine] . 

Phenyl ether (Diphenyl oxide) 

Phenylglycine, sodium salt 

Phenylhydrazine 

Phenylhydrazine dihydrogen sulfate 

Phenylhydrazine hydrochloride 

*2,2'-(?henylimino)diethanol (Phenyldiethanolamine) 

Phenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester 

o-Phenylphenol 

o-Phenylphenol, chlorinated 

o-Phenylphenol, sodium salt 

p-Phenylphenol 

N-Phenyl-p-phenylenedi amine 

Phenylphosphonous acid 

Phenylphosphonous acid, sodium salt 

Phenyl-2-propanone 

Phenyl-2-pyridyl ketone 

Phenyl tetramer 

Phloroglucinol 

Phthalic acid 

»Phthalic anhydride 

*Phthalic anhydride residue 

Phthalide 

*Phthalimide 

Phthalimide, potassium salt 

Phthalocyanine, iron derivative 

Phthalocyaninedisulfonic acid, copper derivative 

Phthalonitrile 

Phthaloyl chloride (Phthalyl chloride)— 

*Picolines : 1 

*2-Picoline (a-picoline) 

3-Picoline (P-Picoline) - — 

4-Picoline (Y-Picoline) 

Picoline (3,4-mixture) 

Picramic acid and salt 

Picric acid (Trinitrophenol) 

Picryl chloride 

1-Piperazineethanol 

Piperazine mixture, crude 

See footnote at end of table. 



MAL, WON, RCI. 

HKD. 

DOW. 

UCP. 

acp, hpc, shc, soc. 

DOW, MON, UPF. 

DA, DOW. 

FBS, NES.- 

BPC, GIV, TBK. 

BPC, MAL, TBK. 

BPC. 

BPC, MON, OPC, TBK. 

BPC. 

BPC, KF, OPC, SDW, TBK. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

ACF, ACY, DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC. 

EK. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

BPC. 

BPC. 

ACY. 

DUP. 

ACF, ACY, DUP, GAF, PDC. 

FMT, MEE, MRT, TRC. 

ACF, ACY, SW. 
DUP. 

DOW. 

ACF, DUP. 

DOW. 

NEP. 

DUP, EK, FIN, GAF. 

DUP, EKT, GAF, KPC, TRC, UCC. 

BPC. 

DOW, RCI. 

DOW. 

DOW. 

DOW. 

DUP. 

VIC. 

VIC. 

ORT, SK. 

RIL. 

SPD. 

MRT. 

KF, MEE. 

ACF, ACP, ACY, KPT, MON, PCC, RCI, SOC, SW, WTC. 

ACP, SOC, SW. 

ACF. 

ACF, DOW, DUP, MEE, SFA. 

EK. 

DUP. 

TRC. 

ACP. 

MON. 

ACP, KPT, UCC. 

RIL. 

RIL, UCC. 

ACP, KPT. 

ACF, DUP. 

ACF, DUP, SDC. 

EK. 

JCC. 

JCC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



81 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer , 1959 — Continued 



*Piperidine 

Polychlorobiphenyl 

Polydodecylbenzene 

Polypentadecyltoluene 

Potassium phenoxide 

Primuline base 

Primulinesulfonic aeid 

Propiophenone 

Purpurin ( 1,2,4-Trihydroxyanthraquinone) 

Pyranthrone 

Pyrene 

Pyridine, refined: 1 

*2° Pyridine 

Other grades 

2,5-Pyridinedicarboxylic aeid, di-n-propyl ester 

2-Pyridineethanol 

Pyridine hydrochloride 

3-Pyridinol 

2(lH)-Pyridone 

2-Pyrimidinol 

K '-(Pyrimidinylsulfaraoyl)acetanilide 

Pyrrole 

Pyrrolidine 

2-Pyrrolidinone 

*Quinaldine 

*Quinizarin 

2-Quinizarinsulfonie aeid 

Quinoline: 

1° and 2° Quinoline 

Other grades 

2,4-Quinolinediol 

Quinoline yellow, base 

Quinophth alone 

Resorcinol, tech 

Resorcinol, monoacetate 

P-Resorcylaldehyde 

p-Resorcylic acid 

Salicylaldehyde 

Salicylanilide 

♦Salicylic acid, tech 

Salicylic acid, ammonium chromium complex 

Salicylic acid, ethyl ester 

Salicylideneaminoguanidine oleate 

Sodium phenoxide 

Styphnic acid, lead salt 

♦Styrene, all grades 

A' -Sulfamoylacetanilide 

5-Sulfamoylanthranilic acid 

Sulfanilic acid (p-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid) and salt 

■xA-Sulfoanthranilic acid 

o-Sul_fobenzoic anhydride 

5-Sulfoisophthalic acid, dimethyl ester 

p,p'-Sulfonyldianiline 

A,4'-Sulfonyldiphenol (4,4-' -Dihydroxydiphenylsulfone) 

4-Sulfophthalic acid 

Terephthalic acid 

Terephthalic acid dihydrazide 

Terephthalic acid, dimethyl ester 

l,l'-Terephthaloylbis [2-( l-amino-2-anthraquinone- 
carbonyl) hydrazine] . 

Terephthaloyl chloride 

Terphenyl ( Phenylbiphenyl) 

Tetrabromo-8,16-pyranthrenedione 

1,3,6,8-Tetrabromopyrene 

♦1,4,5,8-Tetrachloroanthraquinone 

Tetrachloro-7H-benz-[dej-anthracen-7-one 

1,2,4,5-Tetrachlorobenzene 

Tetrachloro- and trichlorobenzene, mixed 

2,2' ,6,6'-Tetrachloro-4,4'-isopropylidenediphenol 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DUP, 


HK, RIL. 




MON. 






CO. 






CO. 






DUP. 






ACF, 


DUP. 




PCO. 






KPC, 


LIL, TBK. 




GAF. 






AHC. 






GAF. 






ACP, 


KPT, RIL. 




KPT. 






ASL. 






RIL. 






EK. 






NEP. 






FMT. 






GGY. 






ACY. 






ASL. 






ASL. 






GAF. 






ACF, 


ACY, DUP, KPT. 




ACF, 


ACY, AHC, CMG, CWN, DUP, EKT, GAF, HAR, ICC 


KPC, MAY, TRC. 




ACF, 


PAT. 




ACP, 


KPT. 




ACP, 


EK. 




DUP. 






ACF. 






DUP. 






KPC, 


LEM. 




KPC. 






GAF. 






ACY, 


KPC, MEE. 




HN. 






MEE. 






DOW, 


DUP, HN, MON. 




TRC. 






FBS. 






DUP. 






DUP, 


FIN. 




REM. 






CSD, 


DOW, FG, KPP, MTC, ODS, SHC, UCC. 




ACY. 






TRC. 






ACF, 


ACY. 




CMC, 


GAF, TRC. 




EK. 






DUP. 






DUP. 






GAF, 


MON, UPF. 




CWN. 






DUP, 


SOC. 




DUP. 






ACC, 


DUP, HPC. 




DUP. 






HK. 






ARA, 


MON. 




ACF, 


GAF. 




GAF. 






ACF, 


AHC, DUP, GAF. 




AHC. 






DOW, 


HK. 




UCP. 






ION. 







See footnote at end of table. 



82 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE IB. —Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



1,3,6,8-Tetrachloropyrene 

a, <x,2,6-Tetrachlorotoluene 

Tetrahydrofuran 

Tetrahydro-2-methylfuran 

TetrafcLsaminophthalocyanlne, copper salt 

*1,4,5,8-Tetrakis [l', 1' ',1' ",1" ' '-anthraquinonylamino] - 
anthraquinone ( Pentanthr amide ) . 

1,2,4,5-Tetramethylbenzene (Durene) 

p-(l,l,3,3-Tetramethylbutyl)phenol 

N, N, N', N'-Tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine dihydrochloride- 

Tetranitrophthalocyanine, copper salt 

2-(2-Thenylideneamino)pyridene 

Thianthrenedicarboxylic acid 

Thianthrenedinitrile 

*3,3'-Ihiobis[7H-benz[de]anthxacen-7-one] 

4,4-'-Thiodianiline 

6,6'-Thiodimetanilic acid 

2-Thiopheneearboxaldehyde 

o-Tolidine 

o-Tolidine hydrochloride 

Toluene-2,4-diamine (4-m-Tolylenediamine) 

Toluene-2,4-disulfonic acid 

o-Toluenesulfonamide 

p-Toluenesulfonamide 

o(and p)-Toluenesulfonic acid 

o(and p)-Toluenesulfonic acid, potassium salt 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, anhydrous 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, ethyl ester 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, methyl ester 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid monohydrate 

p-Toluenesulfono-o-toluidide 

o-Toluenesulfonyl chloride 

p-Toluenesulfonyl chloride 

a-Toluene thiol 

p-Toluhydroquinone (Methylhydroquinone) 

m-Toluic acid 

o-Toluic acid 

p-Toluic acid 

m-Toluidine 

o-Toluidine 

o-Toluidine hydrochloride 

p-Toluidine 

p-Toluidine hydrochloride 

Toluidines, mixed 

m-Toluidinomethanesulfonic acid 

o-Toluidinomethanesulfonic acid 

8-(p-Toluidino) -1-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

2-(p-Toluidino)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

l-(o-Toluidino)-2-propanol 

o-(p-Toluoyl) benzoic acid 

4-(o-Tolylazo)-o-anisidine hydrochloride 

*4_(o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidlne (o-Aminoazotoluene) 

o-(p-Tolyl) benzoic acid 

*2, 2' -(m-Toly limine) diethanol 

3, 4' ,5-Tribromosalicylanilide 

1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene 

N,2,6-Trichloro-p-benzoquinone imine 

1, 2, 4 -Trichlor o-5 -nitrobenzene 

Trichlorophenylsilane 

a,a,a-Trichlorotoluene (Benzotri chloride) 

a',2,4-Trichlorotoluene 

a,2,4(and a,2,6)-Trichlorotoluene 

a,3,A-Trichlorotoluene 

l,3,5-Trichloro-s-triazine-2,'i,6(lH,3H,5H)-trIone 

1,3,5-Triethylbenzene 

a,a,a-Trifluoro-5-chloro-l-nitrotoluene 

a,a,a-Trifluoro-4-nitro-m-cresol 

<x,a,a-Trifluoro-m-nitrotoluene 

a,a,a-Trifluorotoluene 

a,a,a-Trifluoro-m-toluidine 

3,4,5-Trimethoxybenzoic acid 



TRC. 




DUP. 




DUP. 




QKO. 




DUP. 




ACF, AHC, 


DUP, TRC. 


SHC. 




OAF. 




EK. 




DUP. 




ABB. 




TRC. 




TRC. 




ACY, AHC, 


DUP, GAF, TRC. 


ACT, DUP. 




ACF. 




ABB. 




ACF, CWN, 


DUP. 


DUP, EK. 




ACF, ACT, 


BL, DUP, GAF, SDC, TRC. 


GAF, KPC. 




MON. 




ACT, MON. 




GAF, MON, 


SW, UPF. 


NES. 




TN. 




ACT, VPC. 




AHC, MON, 


VPC. 


UPF. 




DUP, GAF. 




MON. 




MON. 




RBC. 




EKT. 




CWL. 




CWL. 




CW1, EK. 




ACF, DUP. 




ACF, DUP, 


KPC. 


ACT. 




ACF, DUP. 




EK. 




ACT, KPT. 




TRC, VPC. 




DUP. 




ACF, GAF. 




TRC. 




EKT. 




DUP. 




GAF. 




ACF, ACT, 


DUP, GAF, KPC, SDH, TRC 


ACF, ACY. 




EKT, GAF, 


KPC. 


X. 




DOW, HK. 




EK. 




GAF, KPC. 




UCS. 




HK, HN, TNP. 


HN. 




BPC. 




HN. 




MON. 




DUP. 




HST. 




MEE. 




MEE. 




HK. 




MEE, NES. 




KF. 





CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



83 



TABLE IB. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 --Continued 



Manufacturers 1 identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



2,4-,5-Trimethylaniline (Pseudocumidine) 

Trimethylbenzene 

1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene ( Pseudocumene) 

l,3,3-Trimethyl-A 2 >°-indolineacetaldehyde 

l,3,3-Trimethyl-2-methyleneindoline 

Trimethylphenylaramonium iodide 

2,3,3-Trimethyl-3H-pseudoindole 

1,3,5-Trinitrobenzene 

2,4,6-Trinitrobenzoic acid 

Triphenylamine 

Triphenylmethanol 

2,4,6-Tris(dimethylaminomethyl)phenol 

3,3'-Ureylenebis(4-methoxybenzenesulfonic acid) 

«6,6'-Ureylenebis[l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid] (J acid urea) 

♦Veratraldehyde (3,4-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde) 

4— Vinylcyclohexene 

2, 2' -Vinylenebis[benz imidazole] 

5-Vinyl-2-picoline (MVP)- 

2-Vinylpyridine 

4-Vinylpyridine 

*Violanthrone (Dibenzanthrone) 

9-Xanthenecarboxylic acid 

m- Xylene 

*o-Xylene 

o-( and p) -Xylene 

*p-Xylene 

2,4-Xylenol 

Xylenol crystals 

Xylenols: 

Low b.p 

Medium b.p 

*Not classified as to b.p 

Xylidines: 

2,4-Xylidine (m-4-Xylidine) — 

2,5-Xylidine (p-Xylidine) 

^Original mixture 

2,4-Xylidine acetate 

4-(2,'4-Xylylazo)-o-toluidine 

4-(2,5-Xylylazo)-o-toluidine 

4-(Xylylazo.:xylidine, mixed 

4-(2,<i-Xylylazo)-2,5-xylidine 

All other intermediates 



ACF, 

PLC. 

HUM. 

DUP. 

DUP, 

EK. 

x. 

EK. 

MRT. 

EK. 

EK. 

RH. 

DUP. 

ACF, 

GIV, 

PLC. 

TRC. 

PLC. 

RIL. 

RIL. 

ACY, 

MAL. 

SOC. 

CSD, 

HUM. 

CSD, 

EK. 

ACP, 



ACY, BL, CMG, DUP, GAF, PCO, TRC, VPC, WOC. 
MON, SLV. 



AHC, DUP, GAF, KPC, MAY, PCO, TRC. 

SNT, SOC. 
HUM, SIN, SOC. 
KPT. 



PIT, PRD. 
PCC, PIT, PRD. 
ACY, PRD, RIL. 

DUP. 

ACF, DUP. 

ACF, ACY, DUP. 

ACY. 

ACF. 

ACY. 

GAF. 

ACF. 

ICC, KF, UCP, WYT. 



1 Does not include manufacturers' identification codes for producers that report to the Division of Bituminous 
Coal, U.S. Bureau of Mines. These producers are listed in the U.S. Bureau of Mines Information Circular No. 7996, 
Coke Plants in the United States on December 31, 1959. 



84 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



Dyes 



TABLE 8B.. 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 



[Dyes for which separate statistics are given in table 8A are marked below with an asterisk (♦); dyes not so marked 
do not appear in table 8A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published. Manufac- 
turers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x signifies that the manufacturer did not 
consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



ACID DYES 

*Acid yellow dyes: 

Acid yellow 1 

Acid yellow 2 

*Acid yellow 3 

Acid yellow 7 

Acid yellow 9 

♦Acid yellow 11 

Acid yellow 14 

♦Acid yellow 17 

♦Acid yellow 23 

Acid yellow 25 

Acid yellow 29 

Acid yellow 34 

♦Acid yellow 36 

Acid yellow 38 

♦Acid yellow 40 

♦Acid yellow 42 

♦Acid yellow 44 

Acid yellow 48 

♦Acid yellow 54 

Acid yellow 60 

Acid yellow 63 

Acid yellow 65 

♦Acid yellow 73 

Acid yellow 76 

Acid yellow 77 

Acid yellow 90 

Acid yellow 95 

♦Acid yellow 99 

Acid yellow 114 

Other acid yellow dyes: Acid yellow, FGL, G, 3GG, GW, 
NR, NW, R, RN. 
♦Acid orange dyes: 

Acid orange 1 

Acid orange 2 

Acid orange 6 

♦Acid orange 7 

♦Acid orange 8 

♦Acid orange 10 

Acid orange 12 

Acid orange 19 

Acid orange 20 

♦Acid orange 24 

Acid orange 28 

Acid orange 31 

Acid orange 32 

Acid orange 34 

Acid orange 45 

Acid orange 49 

Acid orange 50 

Acid orange 51 

Acid orange 56 ■ 

Acid orange 60 

Acid orange 62 

Acid orange 63 

Acid orange 64 

Acid orange 69 

Acid orange 72 

♦Acid orange 74 

Acid orange 76 

Acid orange 86 

Other acid orange dyes: Acid orange, G, 2G, NST, RW— 



ACF, 
DUP. 
ACF, 
ACF. 
ACY. 
CMS, 
TRC. 
ACF, 
ACF, 
GAF, 
GAF. 
ACF. 
ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
ACY, 
ACF, 
TRC. 
ACF, 
ACF. 
ACF, 
TRC. 
ACF, 
TRC. 
ACY. 
ACF. 
CMG. 
ACF, 
TRC. 
ACY, 



ACF, 
ACF. 
ACF. 
ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF. 
GAF. 
ACF. 
ACF, 
ACF. 
KPC. 
VPC. 
ACY. 
ACF, 
TRC. 
KPC. 
ACF, 
GAF. 
DUP, 
TRC. 
GAF. 
ACF, 
ACY. 
GAF. 
ACF, 
ACF, 
TRC. 
ACF, 



ACY. 

ACY, DUP, GAF. 

DUP, GAF, VPC. 

ACY, CMG, DUP, GAF, TRC, VPC. 
ACY, GAF, KPC, TRC, VPC. 
VPC. 

DUP, GAF, TRC. 

GAF. 

GAF, TRC, VPC. 

GAF, KPC, TRC, VPC. 

GAF, KPC, TRC, VPC. 

ACY, CMG, GAF, TRC, VPC. 

KPC. 

NYC, SDH, SNA. 



CMG, GAF, TRC, VPC. 
ALT, DUP, GAF, TRC, VPC. 



ACY, ATL, GAF, KPC, TRC, YAW. 
ACY, DUP, GAF, TRC. 
ACY, DUP, GAF, SDH, TRC. 



ACY, DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC, YAW. 



CMG, TRC, VPC. 
GAF. 



CMG, GAF, TRC, VPC. 
TRC. 



ACY, ALT, DUP, TRC, VPC. 



85 



TABLE 8B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1 959- -Continued 



ACID DYES --Continued 

*Acid red dyes: 

•Acid red 1 

•Acid red 4 

*Acid red 12 

*Acid red 14 

•Acid red 17 

•Acid red 18 

Acid red 25 

*Acid red 26 

Acid red 27 

Acid red 29 

Acid red 32 

Acid red 33 

Acid red 34 

Acid red 35 

•Acid red 37 

Acid red 51 

Acid red 52 

Acid red 64 

Acid red 66 

•Acid red 73 

Acid red 76 

Acid red 80 

*Acid red 85 

•Acid red 87 

*Acid red 88 

•Acid red 89 

Acid red 92 

Acid red 94 

Acid red 97 

Acid red 99 

Acid red 100-- 

Acid red 106 - 

Acid red 109 

Acid red 113 - 

Acid red 114 

*Acid red 115 

Acid red 119 

Acid red 133 

•Acid red 137 

Acid red 150- 

•Acid red 151 

Acid red 155 

Acid red 162 

•Acid red 167 

Acid red 175 

Acid red 178 

Acid red 179 

•Acid red 182 

•Acid red 183 

Acid red 184 

•Acid red 186 

Acid red 190 

Acid red 191 

Acid red 192 

Acid red 194 

Acid red 197— - 

Acid red 207 

Acid red 212 — 

Acid red 213 

Other acid red dyes: Acid red, B, 3B, 1 
•Acid violet dyes: 

•Acid violet 1- 

Acid violet 3 • 

Acid violet 6 

•Acid violet 7 

Acid violet 9 

Acid violet 11 

•Acid violet 12 — 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



ACF, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


TRC, VPC, YA 


w. 


ATL, 


CMG, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC, 


VPC, YAW. 




ACF, 


GAF, 


TRC. 










ACF, 


ATL, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 






ACF, 


ATL, 


GAF, 


TRC. 








ACF, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 






TRC. 














ACF, 


ACY, 


ATL, 


GAF. 








ACF, 


TRC. 












ACF. 














ACF, 


GAF. 












ACF, 


YAW. 












ACF, 


DUP. 












GAF, 


KPC. 












ACF, 


CMG, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 






GAF, 


NYC. 












GAF. 














ACF. 














ACF, 


KPC. 












ACF, 


ACY, 


ATL, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 




ACF. 














GAF. 














ACF, 


ACY, 


ATL, 


CMG, 


DUP, 


GAF, TRC, VPC, YAW 


ACF, 


AMS, 


NYC, 


SDH. 








ACF, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


SDH, 


TRC. 




GAF, 


KPC, 


TRC, 


VPC. 








ACF, 


NYC, 


SDH. 










NYC, 


TRC. 












GAF, 


TRC. 












ACF, 


CMG, 


VPC. 










VPC. 














YAW. 














VPC. 














DUP. 














DUP. 














ACF, 


GAF, 


TRC. 










ACF. 














GAF. 














ACF, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 






ACF. 














ACY, 


KPC, 


TRC, 


YAW. 








VPC. 














VPC. 














ACF, 


ATL, 


GAF. 










DUP. 














DUP. 














CMG, 


TRC. 












ACF, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF. 








CMG, 


TRC, 


VPC. 










TRC. 














ACY, 


CMG, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC, 


VPC. 




ACY. 














ACF, 


TRC. 












TRC. 














TRC. 














DUP. 














ACF. 














TRC. 














TRC. 














ACF, 


ALT, 


DUP, 


HSH, 


TRC, 


VPC. 




ACF 


GAF, 


TRC 










ACF 


DUP 


TRC 










ACF 














ACF 


CMG 


DUP 


GAF 


KPC 


TRC, VPC. 




GUY 














GAF 


TRC 












DUP, 


GAF 


TRC 











86 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 8B. 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer , 1959 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



ACID DYES— Continued 

*Acid violet dyes — Continued 

Acid violet 13 

Acid violet 14 

Acid violet 17 

Acid violet 21 

Acid violet 29 

Acid violet 34 

•Acid violet 43 

»Acid violet 49 

Acid violet 56 

Acid violet 58 

Acid violet 76 

Other acid violet dyes: Acid violet BD- 
*Acid blue dyes: 

Acid blue 1 

*Acid blue 7 

*Acid blue 9 

Acid blue 10 

Acid blue 13 

Acid blue 15 — 

Acid blue 18 

Acid blue 20- - ■ 

*Acid blue 22 

Acid blue 23 

*Acid blue 25 

Acid blue 26— 

Acid blue 27— 

Acid blue 34 

Acid blue 35 

*Acid blue 40 

Acid blue 41 

*Acid blue 43 

*Acid blue 45 

Acid blue 47 

Acid blue 48 

Acid blue 58 

»Acid blue 59 

Acid blue 62 

Acid blue 63 

Acid blue 67 

Acid blue 69 

Acid blue 74 

*Acid blue 78 

Acid blue 79 

Acid blue 80 

Acid blue 81 

Acid blue 83 

Acid blue 89 

*Acid blue 90 

Acid blue 92 

Acid blue 93 - ■ 

Acid blue 99 

Acid blue 102 

Acid blue 104— 

Acid blue 109 

*Acid blue 113 

Acid blue 118— — - 

»Acid blue 120 — 

Acid blue 122 - 

Acid blue 137 - ■ 

Acid blue 145 - ■ 

Acid blue 154 

*Acid blue 158 and 158A— 

Acid blue 159 

Acid blue 161 

Acid blue 165 

Other acid blue dyes: Acid blue, ASB— 
*Acid green dyes: 

Acid green 1 



DOT 

mc 

DOT 
DOT 
HSH 

ACF 
ACF 
ACF 
GAF 
GAF 
ACF 
DUP 

ACF 
ACF 
ACF 

ACF 
DUP 
DUP 
ACF 
ACF 
ACY 
ACF 
ACF 
ACF 
GAF 
ACF 
ACF 
ACF 
ACF 
ACF 
ACF 
AHC 

sue 

DOT 

ACF 
VPC 
ACF 
ACF 
DOT 
ACF 
ACF 
DUP 
ACF 
AHC 
OAF 
ACF 
ACF 
ACF 

sue 

ACF 
ACF 
ACF 
ACF 
ACF 
ACF 
ACF 
DUP 
ACF 
DUP 
ACF 
ACF 
GAF 
VPC 
DUP 
ALT 

ACF 



AHC. 
AHC, 
ACY, 



GAF. 
ACY, 
ACY, 
KPC. 

GAF. 
GAF. 
ACY. 
GAF, 
TRC. 
CMG, 



ACY, 
GAF. 
ACY, 
ACY, 
DUP. 



GAF. 
GAF. 
DUP. 
AHC, 



DUP, HSH. 
TRC. 



GAF. 

GAF, SDH, VPC. 



NYC. 

DUP, GAF, TRC. 



GAF, TRC. 



GAF, TRC. 

CMG, DUP, GAF, TRC. 



DUP, GAF, ICC. 



GAF, 

DUP, 

CMG, 
GAF. 
GAF, 



TRC. 
ACY, 



GAF, 
ACY. 



TRC. 
GAF. 



DUP, GAF. 
KPC. 



CMG, DUP, GAF, TRC, VPC. 



VPC, YAW. 



87 



TABLE 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



ACID DYES— Continued 

*Acid green dyes — Continued 

*Acid green 3 

Acid green 5 

*Acid green 9 

Acid green 12 

*Acid green 16 

*Acid green 20 

Acid green 22 

*Acid green 25 

Acid green 35 

Acid green 41 

*Acid green 50 

Other acid green dyes: Acid green, 2Y 

*Acid brown dyes : 

Acid brown 1 

Acid brown 2 

Acid brown 6 

Acid brown 9 

*Acid brown 14 

Acid brown 19 

Acid brown 22 

Acid brown 29 

Acid brown 31 

Acid brown 45 

Acid brown 93 

Acid brown 94 

Acid brown 96 

Acid brown 97 

Acid brown 98 

Acid brown 127 

Acid brown 129 

Acid brown 152 

Acid brown 158 

Other acid brown dyes: Acid brown, B, HR, NY, PRMA, 5R- 
»Acid black dyes : 

*Acid black 1 

Acid black 2— 

Acid black 12 

Acid black 15— - 

Acid black 16 

Acid black 18 - 

*Acid black 24 - 

*Acid black 26, 26A, and 26B - 

Acid black 31 - 

Acid black 41 — 

♦Acid black 48 — - - 

Acid black 52 - 

Acid black 53- - -- - 

Acid black 58 

Acid black 60 - - 

Acid black 92— - 

Other acid black dyes : Acid black, 8B, BAW, BRLS, 
J, N, NB, RYAW. 

AZOIC DYES AND COMPONENTS 

Azoic Compositions 

Azoic yellow dyes : 

Azoic yellow 1 

*Azoic yellow 2 

Azoic yellow 3 

Azoic yellow 10 

Azoic orange dyes : 

*Azoic orange 3 

Azoic orange 4 

Azoic orange 8 — 

*Azoic red dyes : 
»Azoic red 1 



ACF, 
GAF. 
ACF, 
GAF, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
TRC. 
AHC. 
ACY, 
ALT, 



ACY, DUP, GAF, TRC, VPC. 

ACY, DUP, GAF, VPC. 

TRC. 

DUP, GAF, TRC. 

ATL, DUP, TRC. 

GAF. 

ACY, AHC, CMG, GAF, HSH, KPC, TRC, VPC. 



GAF, VPC. 
DUP, VPC. 



GAF. 

KPC. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

ACF, ACY, DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC. 

TRC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

GAF. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

ACY, DUP, GAF, VPC. 



ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF. 
ACF. 
ACF. 
ACF. 
ACF, 
ACF, 
GAF. 
ACF. 
ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF. 
TRC. 
TRC. 
ACY. 
ACF, 



ACY, ATL, CMG, DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC, YAW. 
ACY. 



CMG, DUP, GAF. 
DUP, TRC. 



ACY, AHC, CMG, DUP, GAF, TRC. 
GAF, TRC. 



ALT, DUP, GAF, TRC, VPC, YAW. 



ATL, HST, VPC. 
ACY, GAF, HST, X. 
GAF. 
DUP. 

ATL, GAF, HST, SNA, VPC. 

GAF. 

ACY. 

ACF, ACY, ATL, AUG, DUP, GAF, SNA, VPC, x. 



88 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer , 1959 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



AZOIC DYES AND COMPONENTS— Continued 
Azoic Compositions- -Continued 

*Azoie red dyes — Continued 

*Azoic red 2 

»Azoic red 6 

Azoic red 12 

Azoic red 13 

Azoic red 14 

*Azoic red 15 

*Azoic red 16 

Other azoic red dyes: Azoic red, AF, 2B, BN, GFC, GP, 
IS, LBB. 
Azoic violet dyes: 

*Azoic violet 1 

Other azoic violet dyes: Azoic violet B 

*Azoic blue dyes : 

*Azoic blue 2 

*Azoic blue 3 

Azoic blue 4 

Azoic blue 5 

Azoic blue 6 

Azoic blue 7 

Other azoic blue dyes: Azoic blue RH 

Azoic green dyes : 

Azoic green 1 

Other azoic green dyes: Azoic green, GL 

*Azoic brown dyes : 

Azoic brown 1 

Azoic brown 7 

*Azoic brown 9 

Azoic brown 10 

Other azoic brown dyes : Azoic brown, #828, D, 2GA, GGN, 
LL, R, RA. 
*Azoic black dyes : 

Azoic black 1 

Azoic black 2 

Azoic black 3 

Azoic black 4 

Other azoic black dyes : Azoic black, #1, 2B, FOR, GF-167, 
GRW, J, JA, JN, MR, N-2GF, PGF, PJNS, PN, PNF, PRF, R. 



Diazo Compo 
(Fast Color 



Bas 



Azoic 


diazo 


Azoic 


diazo 


Azoic, diazo 


*Azoic 


diazo 


*Azoic 


diazo 


Azoic 


diazo 


Azoic 


diazo 


Azoic 


diazo 


Azoic 


diazo 


Azoic 


diazo 


*Azoic 


diazo 


*Azoic 


diazo 


*Azoic 


diazo 


*Azoic 


diazo 


Azoic 


diazo 


Azoic 


diazo 


Azoic 


diazo 


Azoic 


diazo 


Azoic 


diazo 


Azoic 


diazo 


Other 


azoic 


KBO 


base 



component 1, base 

component 2, base 

component 3, base 

component 4, base 

component 5, base 

component 8, base 

component 9, base 

component 10, base 

component 11, base 

component 12, base 

component 13, base 

component 20, base 

component 28, base 

component 32, base 

component 34, base 

component 38, base 

component 41, base 

component 42, base 

component 46, base 

component 48, base 

diazo components : Azoic diazo component 



ACY, 


ATL, 


AUG, 


DUP, 


GAF, ICC, VPC 


ACY, 


ATL, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


HST, VPC, x. 


GAF. 










GAF. 










GAF. 










ATI, 


GAF, 


VPC. 






ATL, 


AUG, 


GAF, 


VPC. 




ACY, 


ATL, 


GAF, 


VPC. 




ATL, 


GAF, 


HST, 


VPC, 


X. 


GAF. 










ATL, 


GAF, 


VPC. 






ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


VPC. 




GAF. 










GAF, 


HST. 








ATL, 


GAF. 








GAF. 










VPC. 










ATL, 


GAF. 








VPC. 










DUP. 










ATL. 










ATL, 


GAF, 


HST, 


VPC, 


X. 


ATL, 


GAF. 








ATL, 


GAF, 


VPC. 






GAF, 


HST. 








DUP. 










ATL, 


GAF. 








ATL, 


GAF. 








ALL, 


ATL, 


GAF, 


VPC. 





GAF, 


SDH. 












ATL, 


KPC. 












DUP. 














ALL, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


SDH. 








DUP, 


GAF, 


SDH. 










DUP, 


KPC, 


SDH. 










DUP, 


KPC, 


VPC. 










GAF, 


KPC, 


SNA. 










ACF, 


KPC, 


MAY. 










DUP, 


KPC, 


SDH. 










ACF, 


ALL, 


AUG, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


SDH. 


ALL, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


SDH. 








ALL, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


VPC. 








ACF, 


ALL, 


ATL, 


AUG, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


KPC, MAY, SDH 


GAF. 














VPC. 














GAF. 














ALL, 


PCW. 












GAF. 














CWN, 


DUP, 


GAF. 










DUP. 















DYES 



89 



TABLE 8B. —Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959- - Continued 



Dye 



AZOIC DYES AND COMPONENTS — Continued 

Azoic Diazo Components, Salts 

(Fast Color Salts) 

*Azoic diazo component 1, salt 

Azoic diazo component 2, salt 

*Azoic diazo component 3, salt 

Azoic diazo component 4, salt 

•Azoic diazo component 5, salt 

Azoic diazo component 6, salt 

•Azoic diazo component 8, salt 

*Azoic diazo component 9, salt 

Azoic diazo component 10, salt 

*Azoic diazo component 11, salt ! 

•Azoic diazo component 12, salt 

•Azoic diazo component 13, salt 

•Azoic diazo component 20, salt 

Azoic diazo component 22, salt 

•Azoic diazo component 28, salt 

Azoic diazo component 32, salt 

Azoic diazo component 33, salt 

Azoic diazo component 34, salt 

Azoic diazo component 35, salt 

*Azoic diazo component 36, salt 

Azoic diazo component 37, salt 

Azoic diazo component 40, salt 

Azoic diazo component 41, salt 

•Azoic diazo component 42, salt 

Azoic diazo component 44, salt 

Azoic diazo component 47, salt 

•Azoic diazo component 48, salt 

Azoic diazo component 49, salt 

Other azoic diazo components: Azoic diazo component KL, 
RM, salt. 

Azoic Coupling Components 
(Naphthol AS and Derivatives) 

Azoic coupling component 1 

•Azoic coupling component 2 

•Azoic coupling component 3 

•Azoic coupling component 4 

*Azoic coupling component 5 

•Azoic coupling component 7 

Azoic coupling component 8 

Azoic coupling component 10 

•Azoic coupling component 11 

Azoic coupling component 12 

♦Azoic coupling component 13 

•Azoic coupling component 14 

Azoic coupling component 15 

Azoic coupling component 16 

•Azoic coupling component 17 

*Azoic coupling component 18 

Azoic coupling component 19 

•Azoic coupling component 20 

•Azoic coupling component 21 

Azoic coupling component 23 

Azoic coupling component 24 

•Azoic coupling component 29 

Azoic coupling component 33 

•Azoic coupling component 34 

•Azoic coupling component 35 

Azoic coupling component 36 

Azoic coupling component 43 

Other azoic coupling components: Naphthol, AS-BB, 
AS-BC, AS-RR. 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



AUG, 
ALL, 
ACF, 
ALL, 
ACF, 
GAF, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
GAF, 
ALL, 
AUG, 
ACF, 
ALL, 
GAF. 
ALL, 
ALL, 
GAF. 
GAF. 
ALL, 
ACF, 
GAF. 
GAF. 
ALL, 
ALL, 
GAF, 
GAF. 
ALL, 
GAF, 
GAF. 



GAF, 
GAF. 
ALL, 
DUP, 
AUG, 
KPC. 
ALL, 
ALL, 
SDH. 
GAF, 
GAF, 
ALL, 
GAF, 

AUG, 
KPC, 



GAF. 
ALL, 



GAF. 
GAF, 
SDH. 

GAF, 
KPC, 



AUG, GAF, KPC, SDH, VPC. 

KPC. 

GAF, KPC, VPC. 

AUG, GAF, KPC, VPC. 
AUG, GAF, SDH, VPC. 

KPC, VPC. 
KPC, SDH, VPC. 
GAF, SDH, VPC. 
SDH, VPC. 

GAF, KPC, VPC. 
SDH, SNA. 



KPC, SDH, SNA, VPC. 
SDH. 



AUG. 
ACF, 
AUG, 
ACF, 
GAF, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
ATL, 
DUP, 
ALL, 
GAF, 
ACY, 
GAF. 
GAF, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
GAF, 
ACF, 
AUG, 
GAF. 
GAF, 
ATL, 
GAF. 
ATL, 
ALL, 
GAF. 
GAF. 
ATL, 



ACY, 
GAF, 
AUG, 
KPC, 
AUG, 
ATL, 
PCW. 
GAF, 
AUG, 
KPC, 
ATL, 

SDH. 
ACY, 
ACY, 
KPC, 
ACY, 
KPC, 

PCW. 
AUG, 

GAF, 
GAF, 



AUG, DUP, GAF, KPC, PCW. 

KPC, PCW. 

GAF, KPC, PCW, SDH. 

PCW, SDH. 

GAF, KPC, PCW. 

GAF, PCW. 

KPC, PCW. 

GAF, KPC, PCW. 

PCW, SDH. 

AUG, GAF, KPC, PCW, SDH. 



ALL, ATL, AUG, DUP, GAF, KPC, PCW, SDH. 
ATL, AUG, DUP, GAF, KPC, PCW, SDH. 
PCW, SDH. 

ATL, AUG, DUP, GAF, KPC, PCW, SDH. 
PCW, SDH. 



GAF, PCW. 



PCW, SDH. 
KPC, PCW. 



GAF, PC0, X. 



90 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 8B. 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Dye 



BASIC DYES 

Basic yellow dyes: 

Basic yellow 1 

•Basic yellow 2 

Basic yellow 5 

Basic yellow 9 

Basic yellow 10 

Basic yellow 11 

Basic yellow 13 

Other basic yellow dyes: Basic yellow, 4G, GL, 3GL, 3RL- 
•Basic orange dyes: 

*Basic orange 1 

•Basic orange 2 

Basic orange 10 

Basic orange 14 

Basic orange 17 

Basic orange 21 

Other basic orange dyes: Basic orange CL, L 

Basic red dyes: 

Basic red 1 

•Basic red 2 

Basic red 9 

Basic red 14 

Other basic red dyes: Basic red B, 3B, 6B, G, GL, L 

Basic violet dyes: 

*Basic violet 1 

Basic violet 2 

•Basic violet 3 

*Basic violet 4 

Basic violet 5 

*Basic violet 10 

Basic violet 13 

Basic violet 14 

•Basic blue dyes: 

♦Basic blue 1 

Basic blue 4 

•Basic blue 5 

Basic blue 6 

•Basic blue 7 

•Basic blue 9 

Basic blue 11 

Basic blue 12 

Basic blue 21 

Basic blue 22 

*Basic blue 26 

Other basic blue dyes: Basic blue BGL, BR, 7G 

Basic green dyes : 

•Basic green 1 

Basic green 3 

*Basic green 4 

Basic green 5 ■ 

Basic brown dyes: 

•Basic brown 1 

Basic brown 2 

•Basic brown 4 

Other basic brown dyes: Basic brown YL 

Basic black dyes: Basic black 3 

DIRECT DYES 

•Direct yellow dyes: 

•Direct yellow 4 

•Direct yellow 5 

•Direct yellow 6 

Direct yellow 7 

Direct yellow 8 

Direct yellow 9 

•Direct yellow 11 

•Direct yellow 12 

Direct yellow 19 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DUP. 










ACF, 


ACY, 


DUP. 






ACF. 










VPC. 










GAT. 










DUP. 










DUP, 


GAF. 








DUP, 


GAF. 








ACF, 


ACY, 


GAF. 






ACF, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 


VPC. 










GAF, 


VPC. 








ACF. 










DUP, 


GAF. 








DUP. 










DUP, 


GAF. 








ACF, 


DUP, 


GAF. 






NYC, 


sue. 








DUP, 


GAF. 








DUP, 


GAF. 








ACF, 


ACY, 


DSC, 


GAF, 


sue. 


ACY. 










ACF, 


DSC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


SDH. 


ACF, 


DSC, 


DUP, 


GAF. 




ACF. 










ACF, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF. 




DSC. 










ACY, 


NYC, 


SW. 






ACF, 


DSC, 


GAF, 


SDH. 




DUP. 










ACF, 


DSC, 


SDH. 






ACF, 


ACY. 








DSC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


SDH. 




ACF, 


ACY, 


GAF, 


SDH. 




DSC, 


DUP. 








GAF. 










DUP. 










DUP. 










ACF, 


DSC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


SDH. 


DUP, 


X. 








ACF 


ACY, 


DSC, 


DUP, 


GAF, SDH 


DUP. 










ACF 


ACY 


DSC, 


GAF, 


SDH. 


ACY. 










ACF 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 


ACF 


GAF. 








ACF 


ACY 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 


DUP 










GAF. 











ACF, ACY, DUP, GAF, TRC. 

ACF, ACY, GAF. 

ACF, ACY, DUP, GAF, TRC. 

PCO. 

ACF, GAF, TRC. 

DUP. 

ACF, ACY, DUP, GAF, TRC. 

ACF, DUP, GAF, TRC. 

TRC. 



DYES 



91 



TABLE 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DIRECT DYES--Continued 

*Direct yellow dyes — Continued 

Direct yellow 20 

Direct yellow 23 

Direct yellow 26 

Direct yellow 27 

•Direct yellow 28 

*Direct yellow 29 

Direct yellow 39 

Direct yellow 42 

*Direct yellow 44 

*Direct yellow 50 

♦Direct yellow 59 

Direct yellow 61 

Direct yellow 62 

Direct yellow 63 

Direct yellow 64 

Direct yellow 81 

Other direct yellow dyes: Direct yellow, CD, CS, EFC, G, 
3G, 5G, 8G, RG, RGL, RP. 
•Direct orange dyes: 

•Direct orange 1 

Direct orange 6 

•Direct orange 8 

Direct orange 10 

Direct orange 11 

•Direct orange 15 

•Direct orange 26 

•Direct orange 29 

•Direct orange 34 

•Direct orange 37 

Direct orange 38 

Direct orange 39 

Direct orange 40 

Direct orange 41 

Direct orange 42 

Direct orange 48 

Direct orange 49 

Direct orange 55 

Direct orange 59 

Direct orange 61 

Direct orange 62 

Direct orange 64 

Direct orange 67 

Direct orange 70 

•Direct orange 72 

•Direct orange 73 

Direct orange 74 

Direct orange 76 

Direct orange 78 

Direct orange 79 

Direct orange 80 

•Direct orange 81 

Direct orange 83 

Direct orange 88 

Direct orange 102 

Other direct orange dyes: Direct orange, DL, G, 2GLL, 
3GU, L8GL, 3LWF, NAR, SCW, S4G. 
•Direct red dyes: 

•Direct red 1 

•Direct red 2 

Direct red 4 

Direct red 5 

Direct red 7 

•Direct red 10 

•Direct red 13 

Direct red 14 

•Direct red 16 

Direct red 17 

Direct red 20 



TRC. 














DUP. 














DUP, 


GAF. 












ACF, 


GAF. 












ACF, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


PCO, 


TRC. 






DUP, 


GAF, 


PCO. 










TRC. 














TRC. 














ACF, 


cmg, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


PCO, 


TRC 


VPC. 


ACF, 


AIL, 


BL, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC, 


VPC. 


ACF, 


DUP, 


PCO. 










GAF. 














ACF, 


GAF. 












DUP. 














TRC. 














TRC. 














ACY, 


ALT, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


PCO, 


TRC 


VPC. 


ACF, 


CMG, 


KPC, 


TRC, 


VPC. 






ACF, 


KPC. 












ACF, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 








ACF, 


KPC. 












GAF. 














ACF, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF 


TRC. 






ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC, 


VPC. 






ACF, 


GAF, 


PCO, 


WOC. 








ACF, 


ACY, 


CMG, 


DUP 


GAF 


TRC 




ACY, 


CMG, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 






ACF. 














cmg, 


DUP, 


GAF. 










DUP. 














GAF. 














TRC. 














DUP. 














TRC. 














ACF, 


DUP. 












DUP. 














TRC. 














ACF. 














VPC. 














ACF, 


VPC. 












TRC. 














ACF, 


ACY, 


BL, 


PCO, 


VPC. 






ACF, 


DUP, 


GAF 


TRC, 


VPC 






DUP, 


GAF. 












DUP, 


TRC. 












DUP, 


VPC. 












DUP. 














DUP, 


VPC. 












ACF, 


ATL, 


DUP 


GAF. 








ACF, 


GAF. 












DUP. 














ACY, 


DUP. 












ALT, 


ATL, 


BL, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


PCO, 


TRC, VPC 


ACF, 


ATL, 


BL, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


TRC, YAW 


ACF, 


DUP, 


PCO 


TRC 








ACF, 


GAF, 


TRC, 


VPC 








ACF. 














DUP, 


YAW. 












ACF, 


ACY, 


KPC 


TRC 








ACF, 


AIL, 


DUP 


GAF, 


KPC, 


TRC 


YAW. 


TRC. 














ACF, 


ATL, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


TRC 






TRC. 














ACF, 


GAF. 













92 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DIRECT DYES--Continued 

♦Direct red dyes — Continued 

♦Direct red 23 

♦Direct red 24 

♦Direct red 26 

♦Direct red 28 

Direct red 30 

♦Direct red 31 

Direct red 32 

♦Direct red 37 

♦Direct red 39 

Direct red 46 

Direct red 53 

Direct red 62 

Direct red 72 

Direct red 73 

♦Direct red 75 

Direct red 76 

♦Direct red 79 

♦Direct red 80 

♦Direct red 81 

♦Direct red 83 

♦Direct red 84 

Direct red 93 

Direct red 94 

Direct red 99 

Direct red 100 

Direct red 111 

Direct red 117 

Direct red 118 

Direct red 120 

♦Direct red 122 

♦Direct red 123 

♦Direct red 127 and 127A 

Direct red 128 

Direct red 139 

Direct red 148 

♦Direct red 149 

Direct red 152 

♦Direct red 153 

Direct red 155 

Other direct red dyes: Direct red, BN, 8BNL, GLJ, LBG 
RLL, RP, RPC, WL, WLKS. 
♦Direct violet dyes: 

♦Direct violet 1 

Direct violet 7 

♦Direct violet 9 

Direct violet 12 

Direct violet 14 

Direct violet 22 

Direct violet 30 

Direct violet 47 

Direct violet 48 

Direct violet 51 

Direct violet 60 

Direct violet 67 1 

Direct violet 68 ' 

Other direct violet dyes: Direct violet 

Direct blue dyes: 

♦Direct blue 1 

♦Direct blue 2 

Direct blue 3 

♦Direct blue 6 

♦Direct blue 8 

Direct blue 10 

♦Direct blue 14 

♦Direct blue 15 

Direct blue 21 

♦Direct blue 22 



ACY 
ACF 
ACF 
ACF 
VPC 
ACF 
ACF 
ACF 
ACF 
ATL 
ACF 
IRC 
IRC 
DUP 
ACF 
ACF 
ACF 
ACF 
ACF 
Y. 
ATI, 
ACF 
VPC 
ACF 
ACF 
TRC 
GAF 
DUP 
VPC 
GAF 
ACF 
ACF 
ACF 
ACF 
VPC 
DUP 
ACF 
ACF 
ACF 
GAF 
ALT 



CMG, DUP, 
ACY, ATL, 
ACY, DUP, 
ATL, DUP, 

ATL, DUP, 
DUP. 

ACY, GAF, 
ACY, GAF, 
TRC. 



TRC. 

ACY, CMG, 

CMG, GAF ; 
BL, CMG, 

ACY, BL, 
If. 

CMG, DUP, 

GAF, TRC. 



GAF, KPC, TRC, VPC. 
GAF, PC0, VPC. 
GAF, PC0, TRC, VPC. 
PC0, TRC. 

GAF, TRC. 

KPC, TRC, YAW. 
TRC, YAW. 



DUP, GAF, VPC. 



KPC, PC0, TRC, VPC. 
DUP, GAF, KPC, PCO, TRC, VPC. 
CMG, DUP, GAF, KPC, PCO, SDH, TRC, VPC, 

GAF, KPC, TRC, VPC. 



CMG, DUP, 
GAF, KPC, 
CMG, DUP, 



GAF, TRC, VPC. 

VPC. 

GAF, KPC, TRC, VPC. 



GAF. 

CMG, DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC, VPC. 

DUP. 

CMG, VPC. 

VPC. 

BL, DUP, GAF, TRC, YAW. 



ACF, DUP, KPC, 

ACF, GAF. 

ACF, ATL, DUP, 

GAF. 

ACF, TRC. 

ACF. 

KPC. 

DUP, GAF. 

ACF, DUP, TRC. 

ACF, DUP. 

ACF. 

ACF, DUP. 

DUP. 

ALT. 



TRC. 

GAF, KPC. PCO, TRC. 



ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
DUP, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
TRC. 
ACF, 



ACY, ATL, 
ACY, ATL, 
TRC. 

ACY, ATL, 
ACY, ATL, 
VPC. 

ATL, DUP, 
ATL, DUP, 



BL, CMG, DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC, VPC. 
DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC, VPC, YAW. 



BL, DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC, YAW. 
DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC, YAW. 



TRC. 
GAF, TRC. 



ATL, CMG, DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC. 



DYES 



93 



TABLE SB. Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959— Continued 



Dye 



DIRECT DYES--Continued 

Direct blue dyes — Continued 

•Direct blue 24 

♦Direct blue 25 

•Direct blue 26 

Direct blue 27 

Direct blue 47 

Direct blue 55 

Direct blue 61 

Direct blue 66 

•Direct blue 67 

•Direct blue 71 

Direct blue 74 

Direct blue 75 

•Direct blue 76 

•Direct blue 78 

•Direct blue 80 

Direct blue 81 

Direct blue 84 

•Direct blue 86 

•Direct blue 98 

Direct blue 99 

Direct blue 100 

Direct blue 101 

Direct blue 102 

Direct blue 104 

•Direct blue 120 and L20A 

•Direct blue 126 

Direct blue 127 

Direct blue 130 

Direct blue 133 

Direct blue 136 

Direct blue 138 

Direct blue 143 

•Direct blue 151 

Direct blue 176 

Direct blue 180 

Other direct blue dyes: Direct blue, B, BFL, BG, BL, BRN 
F, 2GFL, 3GFL, 6GL, 7GL, 8GLN, 4GLR, GLS, 7GUL, LLG, 
LWN, ML, RL, 6RL, UGLL, VG. 
•Direct green dyes: 

•Direct green 1 

•Direct green 6 

Direct green 8 

Direct green 11 

Direct green 12 

Direct green 14 

Direct green 15 

Direct green 26 

Direct green 27 

Direct green 28 

•Direct green 38 

Direct green 39 

Direct green 41 

Direct green 45 

Direct green 46 

Direct green 47 

Other direct green dyes: Direct green, F3L, 5GSC, LFB, 
PG. 
•Direct brown dyes: 

•Direct brown 1 

•Direct brown 2 

•Direct brown 6 

Direct brown 11 

Direct brown 21 

Direct brown 25 

Direct brown 27 

Direct brown 29 

Direct brown 30 

•Direct brown 31 



ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
DUP. 
ACY. 
ACF. 
YAW. 
DUP, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
DUP. 
TRC. 
ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF. 
DUP. 
ACF, 
ACF, 
GAF. 
ACF. 
CMG. 
CMG. 
DUP. 
DUP, 
ACF, 
GAF. 
ACF, 
GAF. 
GAF. 
GAF. 
DUP. 
ACF, 
TRC. 
CMG. 
ACY, 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC, YAW. 

DUP, GAF, TRC. 

ATL, DUP, GAF, TRC, YAW. 



VPC. 

ATL, DUP, TRC, VPC. 

DUP, GAF, TRC, VPC. 



ACY, ATL, BL, DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC, VPC. 
ATL, CMG, DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC, VPC. 
ACY, ATL, DUP, GAF. 



BL, CMG, DUP, GAF, ICC, KPC, TMS, TRC, VPC, WOC. 
ACY, ATL, BL, GAF, ICC, STD, TRC, WOC. 



GAF, PCO, TRC, VPC. 
DUP, GAF, TRC, VPC. 



ATL, DUP, GAF, TRC. 

ALT, ATL, BL, DUP, TRC, VPC. 



ACY, ATL, DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC, YAW. 
ACY, DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC, YAW. 
ATL, TRC, YAW. 



GAF, TRC. 
ATL, TRC. 



GAF. 

ALT, ATL, BL, DUP, TRC. 



ACF, 

ACF, 

ACF, 

ACF. 

ACF, DUP, TRC 

ACF. 

DUP. 

ACF, 

ACF, 

TRC. 

DUP, GAF, TRC, VPC. 

GAF. 

DUP. 

VPC. 

VPC. 

DUP, 

ACY, 



ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF. 
DUP. 
ACF, 
GAF. 
ACF. 
GAF. 
ACF, 



ACY, DUP, GAF, TRC. 

ACY, ATL, DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC, YAW. 

ATL, DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC. 



DUP, GAF, KPC, PCO, YAW. 



94 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 8B. 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer , i959--Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DIRECT DYES— Continued 

*Direct brown dyes — Continued 

Direct brown 32 

Direct brown 33 

Direct brown 35 

Direct brown 40 

Direct brown 44 

Direct brown 48 

Direct brown 49 

Direct brown 59 

♦Direct brown 74 

♦Direct brown 95 

Direct brown 101 

Direct brown 105 

Direct brown 106 

♦Direct brown 111 

Direct brown 112 

Direct brown 125 

Direct brown 151 

♦Direct brown 154 

Other direct brown dyes: Direct brown, CWR, DS, 6G, GR, 
IA, LBT, M, SGLL. 
♦Direct black dyes: 

Direct black 3 

♦Direct black 4 

Direct black 9 

Direct black 17 

Direct black 19 — 

♦Direct black 22 

Direct black 29 

Direct black 36 

♦Direct black 37 

♦Direct black 38 

Direct black 41 

♦Direct black 51 

Direct black 55 

Direct black 56 

Direct black 67 

Direct black 71 

Direct black 75 

♦Direct black 78 

♦Direct black 80 

Other direct black dyes: Direct black, #667, BBA, BH, 
4BL, G, 5G, 2GFL, RCW, RWL, VBE. 

DISPERSE DYES 

♦Disperse yellow dyes: 

Disperse yellow 1 

Disperse yellow 2 

♦Disperse yellow 3 

Disperse yellow 5 

Disperse yellow 8 

Disperse yellow 17 

Disperse yellow 23 

Disperse yellow 28 

Disperse yellow 31 

Disperse yellow 32 

♦Disperse yellow 33 

Disperse yellow 34 

Disperse yellow 37 

Other disperse yellow dyes: Disperse yellow 6D, 3G, 

8-GLF, GSF, GSFD, M, 5R, R-GFD, 2R-GLF, RL, 4RL, 4RLD, 
W-GLF, YL. 
♦Disperse orange dyes: 

Disperse orange 2 

♦Disperse orange 3 

♦Disperse orange 5 

Disperse orange 6 

♦Disperse orange 17 



GAF. 
ACF, 
ACF. 
DUP, 
GAF, 
KPC. 
ACY. 
ACY, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
GAF. 
DUP. 
ACF, 
DUP, 
ACF, 
GAF. 
GAF. 
DUP, 
ACF, 



DUP. 
ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
ATL. 
KPC. 
ACF, 
ACF, 
GAF. 
ACF, 
DUP. 
ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
GAF. 
ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF, 



GAF. 
DUP. 
ACF, 
EKT, 
TRC. 
KPC. 
DUP, 
KPC. 
GAF. 
DUP. 
EKT, 
EKT. 
KPC, 
DUP, 



KPC. 
YAW. 



TRC. 

DUP, GAF, KPC. 

BL, DUP, GAF, KPC, PCO, TRC, YAW. 



GAF. 

GAF, TRC, VPC. 

ATL, DUP. 



TRC, YAW. 

ALT, BL, DUP, PCO, TRC, YAW. 



ACY, ATL, DUP, GAF, TRC, YAW. 

DUP, GAF. 

GAF, TRC. 

GAF, TRC. 

ATL, CM), DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC, VPC, YAW. 



DUP, KPC. 

ACY, ATL, BL, DUP, GAF, KPC, PCO, TRC, YAW. 

ATL, DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC. 

TRC. 
DUP, VPC. 

CMG. 

DUP, TRC. 

BL, GAF, KPC, PCO, TRC, VPC, YAW. 

ACY, ALT, BL, DUP, GAF, TRC, YAW. 



DUP, EKT, GAF, HSH, ICC, KPC, STD, TRC. 
GAF, ICC. 



ICC, KPC. 



TRC. 

EKT, GAF, ICC. 



KPC. 

DUP, GAF, ICC, KPC, STD, TRC. 

EKT, GAF, KPC. 

KPC. 

EKT, HSH, ICC, STD. 



95 



TABLE 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DISPERSE DYES--Continued 

•Disperse orange dyes — Continued 

Disperse orange 21 

Other disperse orange dyes: Disperse orange, CRN, 0, 2Rj 
3R, 3RL, 3RLN. 
•Disperse red dyes: 

•Disperse red 1 

Disperse red 4 

•Disperse red 5 

Disperse red 6 

Disperse red 7 

Disperse red 9 

Disperse red 11 

•Disperse red 13 

•Disperse red 15 

•Disperse red 17 

Disperse red 19 

Disperse red 20 

Disperse red 21 

Disperse red 28 

Disperse red 30 

Disperse red 32 

Disperse red 35 

Other disperse red dyes: Disperse red, B, BC, 2B-GLF, 
3B-GLF, FL, FS, 2G, LB, MG, N, R-GLF, RL. 
•Disperse violet dyes: 

•Disperse violet 1 

•Disperse violet U 

Disperse violet 6 

Disperse violet 8 

Disperse violet 11 

Other disperse violet dyes: Disperse violet, #303, B, 
BN, DAC, R, 2R, 3R-GLF. 
•Disperse blue dyes: 

•Disperse blue 1 

•Disperse blue 3 

•Disperse blue 7 

Disperse blue 8 

Disperse blue 9 

Disperse blue 19 

Disperse blue 27 

Other disperse blue dyes: Disperse blue, A8-7, A8-45, B, 
BCN, BG, BGF, B-GLF, BLF, CR, FGS, 2G, GB, GBN, GFD, 
3G-GFD, 5G-GFD, GNA, GP, GR, GSFR, GSS, JB, LS, LTD, 
MJ, NBNJ, NSP, NVY, 2H, 4R, RB, RG, 3RL. 

Disperse brown dyes: Disperse brown JG, MS, R 

Disperse black dyes: 

Disperse black 1 

Disperse black 2 

Disperse black 6 

Disperse black 7 

•Disperse black 9 

Other disperse black dyes: Disperse black, GGN, GY, JN, 
NC. 

FIBER-REACTIVE DYES 

•Fiber-reactive dyes: 

Black #1, B, G- - 

Blue, R - 

Orange, #2 

Red, 3B, 2G - - - 

Red violet R 

Yellow, #2, #3, G, RT 

FLUORESCENT BRIGHTENING AGENTS 

Fluorescent brightening agent 1 

Fluorescent brightening agent 2 

Fluorescent brightening agent K 



TRC. 

DUP, EKT, ICC, KPC. 



DUP, 
GAF. 
DUP, 
KPC. 
KPC. 
DUP, 
DUP, 
DUP, 
ACF, 
DUP, 
TRC. 
ACF, 
EKT. 
KPC. 
EKT. 
GAF. 
EKT. 
DUP, 



EKT, GAF, ICC, KPC, STD, TRC. 
EKT, GAF, HSH, ICC, KPC, STD, TRC. 



KPC. 

GAF, KPC. 

GAF, ICC, KPC, TRC. 

HSH, ICC, KPC, TRC. 

GAF, HSH, ICC, KPC, STD, TRC. 

EKT. 



EKT, ICC, KPC. 



DUP, GAF, ICC, KPC, STD, TRC. 

DUP, GAF, ICC, KPC. 

KPC. 

GAF. 

EKT. 

DUP, EKT, GAF, ICC. 



GAF, KPC, TRC. 

ACF, EKT, GAF, HSH, ICC, KPC, STD, TRC. 

ACF, GAF, ICC, KPC, TRC. 

DUP. 

GAF, ICC. 

KPC. 

EKT. 

ACF, DUP, EKT, GAF, ICC, TRC, VPC. 



DUP, ICC. 

DUP, TRC. 

DUP, TRC. 

ACF, DUP, KPC. 

GAF, KPC, YAW. 

ACF, DUP, EKT, GAF, KPC. 

ICC, YAW. 



DUP, 


HST. 


AHC, 


HST. 


AHC, 


DUP. 


AHC, 


DUP. 


HST. 




AHC, 


DUP, HST 


GGY. 




FBC, 


VPC. 


ACY. 





96 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 8B. —Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



FLUORESCENT BRIGHTENING AGENTS— Continued 

Fluorescent brightening agent 6 

Fluorescent brightening agent 8 

Fluorescent brightening agent 9 

Fluorescent brightening agent 22 

Fluorescent brightening agent 24 

Fluorescent brightening agent 25 

Fluorescent brightening agent 28 

Fluorescent brightening agent 30 

Fluorescent brightening agent 33 

Fluorescent brightening agent 34 

Fluorescent brightening agent 45 

Fluorescent brightening agent 46 

Fluorescent brightening agent 49 

Fluorescent brightening agent 54 

Fluorescent brightening agent 66 

Fluorescent brightening agent 67 

♦Fluorescent brightening agent 68 

Fluorescent brightening agent 71 

Other fluorescent brightening agents: Fluorescent 

brightening agent, AHF, AT, 3BSA, BUP, DPS, EDT, LP, 

NAR, TAS, WANS, WCN. 

FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC DYES 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Colors 

*Blue No. 1 

Blue No. 2- 

Green No. 1 

Green No. 2 

Green No. 3 

Orange No. 1 

*Red No. 1 — 

*Red No. 2- - - 

*Red No. 3- 

Red No. 4 

Red No. 6 

Red No. 9 

Red No. 14 

Violet No. 1 

Violet No. 2 

Yellow No. 1 

Yellow No. 3 

Yellow No. 4 

*Yellow No. 5 

*Yellow No. 6 

Yellow No. 10 

Yellow No. 11 

Drug and Cosmetic Colors 

Black No. 1 

Blue No. 1 — 

Blue No. 6 — 

Green No. 1 

Green No. 5 

Green No. 8 

Orange No. 3 

Orange No. 4 

Orange No. 5 

Orange No. 15 

Orange No. 17 

Red No. 1— 

Red No. 2 - - 

Red No. 3 - 

Red No. 5 — 

Red No. 6- - 

*Red No. 7— 

Red No. 8 - 



ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
GGY. 
GGY. 
GAF. 
ACY, 
DUP, 
GAF. 
DUP. 
TRC. 
GGY. 
SAN. 
GGY. 
SDH. 
FBC, 
ACY, 
GAF. 
ACY, 



DUP. 
GAF. 



GAF. 

CCW, GAF, SDH. 



CCW, DUP, GGY, VPC. 



ACF, 


BAT, 


KON, 


SDH, 


WRN. 


ACF, 


BAT, 


KON. 






ACF, 


KON, 


WRN. 






ACF, 


WRN. 








TON. 










ACF. 










ACF, 


BAT, 


KON, 


SDH. 




BAT, 


KON, 


SDH, 


STG, 


WRN. 


BAT, 


KON, 


SDH, 


STG. 




BAT, 


KON, 


SDH, 


STG, 


WRN. 


ACF. 










ACF. 










ACF. 










ACF, 


KON. 








ACF. 










KON. 










ACF, 


DYK, 


SDH. 






ACF, 


DYK, 


KON, 


SDH. 




ACF, 


BAT, 


KON, 


SDH, 


STG, WRN 


ACF, 


BAT, 


KON, 


SDH, 


STG, WRN 


ACF. 










ACF. 










ACF, 


KON. 








KON. 










KON. 










KON. 










HSH, 


KON. 








KON, 


SDH. 








KON. 










KON, 


SNA, 


TMS. 






KON, 


TMS. 








SNA. 










SNA. 










KON. 










KON, 


SNA. 








KON, 


TMS. 








KON. 










SNA, 


TMS. 








KON, 


SNA, 


TMS. 






KON, 


SNA. 









DYES 



97 



TABLE 8B.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959— Continued 



Dye 



Manuf acturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC DYES— Continued 
Drug and Cosmetic Colors— Continued 

Red No. 9- 

Red No. 10 

*Red No. 11 

Red No. 12 — 

Red No. 13 - — 

•Red No. 19 

•Red No. 21 — - 

Red No. 27 -- — ■ 

Red No. 28 - — — 

Red No. 30— - — - 

Red No. 31- — - 

Red No. 33 - ■ 

Red No. 34 - ■ 

Red No. 35- - ■ 

Red No. 36— — 

Red No. 39 

Violet No. 2 

Yellow No. 1 

Yellow No. 5 

Yellow No. 6 

Yellow No. 7 

Yellow No. 8 

Yellow No. 10 

Yellow No. 11 

Drug and Cosmetic Colors, External 

Orange No. 3 

Red No. 2 

Red No. 13- 

Red No. 14 — 

Violet No. 2 

Yellow No. 1 

Yellov; No. 5 

INGRAIN DYES 

Ingrain blue 2 

MORDANT DYES 

•Mordant yellow dyes: 

•Mordant yellow 1 

Mordant yellow 3 

•Mordant yellow 5 

•Mordant yellow 8 

♦Mordant yellow 10 

Mordant yellow 14 

»Mordant yellow 16 

Mordant yellow 18 

•Mordant yellow 20 

Mordant yellow 26 

Mordant yellow 29 

Mordant yellow 30 

Mordant yellow 36 

*Mordant orange dyes: 

•Mordant orange 1 

Mordant orange 3 

Mordant orange 4 

•Mordant orange 6 

Mordant orange 8 

Mordant orange 30 

•Mordant red dyes: 

•Mordant red 3 

Mordant red 5 

Mordant red 6 

•Mordant red 7 



K0N, 


SNA, 


TMS. 


K0N, 


SNA. 




K0N, 


SNA, 


TMS. 


SNA, 


TMS. 




K0N, 


SNA. 




K0N, 


SNA, 


TMS 


K0N, 


SNA, 


TMS 


SNA, 


TMS. 




K0N. 






K0N. 






K0N, 


SNA. 




K0N. 






K0N, 


SNA. 




SNA. 






K0N, 


SNA, 


TMS 


SDH. 






HSH. 






K0N. 






K0N, 


TMS. 




K0N. 






K0N, 


TMS. 




TMS. 






K0N. 






K0N. 






K0N. 






ACY, 


TMS. 




K0N. 






ACY. 






HSH 


K0N. 




K0N. 






K0N. 







ACY, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


PDC, 


TRC. 


ACF. 










ACF, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 




ACF, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC, 


VPC. 


ACF, 


DUP, 


TRC. 






ACF, 


TRC. 








ACF, 


ACY, 


DUP. 






PDC. 










ACF, 


GAF, 


TRC. 






ACF, 


VPC. 








GAF. 










TRC. 










GAF, 


PDC. 








ACY, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


TRC. 




TRC. 










GAF, 


VPC. 








ACY, 


GAF, 


TRC. 






ACF, 


TRC. 








ACF. 










ACF, 


ACY, 


AHC, 


GAF, 


KPC 


ACF, 


GAF. 








GAF. 










ACF, 


ACY, 


CMC, 


DUP, 


GAF 



PDC, TRC, VPC. 



98 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Eye 



MORDANT DYES — Continued 

♦Mordant red dyes — Continued 

♦Mordant red 9 

Mordant red 11 

Mordant red 59 

Mordant red 64 

Mordant violet dyes : 

Mordant violet 1 

*Mordant violet 5 

Mordant violet 11 

Mordant violet 20 

Mordant blue dyes : 

♦Mordant blue 1 

Mordant blue 3 

*Mordant blue 9 

Mordant blue 13 

Mordant blue 32 

Mordant blue 51 

*Mordant green dyes : 

Mordant green 9 

Mordant green 12 

Mordant green 17 

Mordant green 27 

♦Mordant green 36 

Mordant green 39 

Other mordant green dyes : Mordant green 

♦Mordant brown dyes : 

♦Mordant brown 1 

Mordant brown 4 : 

Mordant brown 13 

Mordant brown 15 

Mordant brown 17 

Mordant brown 18 

*Mordant brown 19 

Mordant brown 21 

♦Mordant brown 33 

♦Mordant brown 40 

Mordant brown 42 

Mordant brown 50 

Mordant brown 60 

Mordant brown 63 

Mordant brown 70 

Mordant brown 78 

♦Mordant black dyes : 

♦Mordant black 1 

Mordant black 3 

♦Mordant black 5 

Mordant black 7 

Mordant black 8 

♦Mordant black 9 

♦Mordant black 11 

♦Mordant black 13 

Mordant black 16 

♦Mordant black. 17 

Mordant black 19 

Mordant black 33 

♦Mordant black 38 

OXIDATION BASES 

Oxidation base 3 

Oxidation base 8 and 8A 

Oxidation base 10 and 10A 

Other oxidation bases: Oxidation base BCA, NZA 

SOLVENT DYES 

♦Solvent yellow dyes: 

Solvent yellow 1 

♦Solvent yellow 2 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



ACF, 
ACF, 
TRC. 
PDC. 

ACF. 
ACF, 
GAF. 
GAF. 

ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF, 

CMG. 
GAF. 

ACF. 
ACY. 
GAF. 
ACF. 
DUP, 
ACF. 
TRC. 



GAF, TRC. 
ACY, KPC. 



HSH, PDC. 



DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC. 

GAF. 

GAF, TRC. 

HSH. 



PDC, TRC. 



ACF, ACT, CMG, DUP, GAF, TRC, YAW 

PDC. 

ACF. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

ACF, 

ACF, 

GAF. 

ACF, 

ACF, 

HSH. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

DUP, 

CMG. 



DUP. 
GAF, TRC. 



DUP, GAF, TRC. 

CMG, DUP, GAF, PDC, TRC, VPC, YAW. 



ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
GAF. 
VPC. 
ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF. 
ACF, 
PDC. 
HSH, 
ACF, 



AHC. 
ACY. 
ACY. 



GAF, TRC. 
GAF, TRC. 
GAF, TRC. 



GAF, VPC. 

ATL, CMG, DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC, VPC. 

AHC, GAF, HSH, KPC, TRC. 

ACT, CMG, DUP, GAF, TRC. 

TRC. 

DUP, GAF, VPC. 



ACT, KPC. 

ACF, ACY, DUP, FH, GAF, KPC, PAT. 



DYES 



99 



TABLE 8B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959- -Continued 



Eye 



SOLVENT DYES— Continued 

♦Solvent yellow dyes — Continued 

♦Solvent yellow 3 

Solvent yellow 13 

♦Solvent yellow 14 

Solvent yellow 16 

Solvent yellow 19 

Solvent yellow 29 

Solvent yellow 30 

Solvent yellow 33 

Solvent yellow 34 

Solvent yellow 40 

Solvent yellow 42 

Solvent yellow 44 

Solvent yellow 45 

Solvent yellow 46 

Solvent yellow 47 

Other solvent yellow dyes: Solvent yellow, 7G, LN, R — 
♦Solvent orange dyes: 

Solvent orange 2 

♦Solvent orange 3 

Solvent orange 5 

♦Solvent orange 7 

Solvent orange 18 

Solvent orange 20 

Solvent orange 22 

Solvent orange 23 

Solvent orange 24 

Solvent orange 25 

Solvent orange 30 

Solvent orange 31 

Other solvent orange dyes: Solvent orange, #47, DP, 
_PEL, R, Y-293. 
♦Solvent red dyes : 

Solvent red 8 

Solvent red 22 — - 

Solvent red 23 

♦Solvent red 24 

♦Solvent red 26 

Solvent red 27 

Solvent red 33 

Solvent red 34 

Solvent red 35 

Solvent red 40 

♦Solvent red 49 

Solvent red 60 

Solvent red 63 

Solvent red 65 

Solvent red 68 

Solvent red 69 

Other solvent red dyes: Solvent red, #289, #322, #371, 
#390, G, SN, X0, Y. 
♦Solvent violet dyes: 

Solvent violet 8 

Solvent violet 13 

Solvent violet 16 

Other solvent violet dyes: Solvent violet 

Solvent blue dyes: 

♦Solvent blue 4 

Solvent blue 5 

Solvent blue 7 

Solvent blue 9 

Solvent blue 12 

Solvent blue 13 

Solvent blue 16 

Solvent blue 30 

Solvent blue 31 — 

Solvent blue 32 

Solvent blue 34— 

Solvent blue 36 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



ACF, DUP, 


FH, 


3AF. 






ACY, GAF. 










ACF, ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, KPC, 


PAT, SDH, 


TRC 


PAT. 










GAF. 










ACF, GAF. 










GAF. 










ACF, ACY. 










ACY, DUP. 










ACF. 










ACF. 










ACF, GAF. 










ACF, DUP. 










ACY. 










DUP, GAF. 










ACY, DSC, 


DUP, 


FH, GAF. 






ACF. 










ACF, ACY, 


GAF. 








TRC. 










ACF, ACY, 


GAF. 








ACF. 










ACF, ACY, 


GAF. 








ACF. 










ACF. 










DUP. 










DUP. 










FH. 










ACF, FH. 










ACF, ACY, 


DUP, 


FH, PAT. 






GAF. 










GAF. 










ACF. 










ACF, ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, PAT, 


SDH. 




ACF, ACY, 


KPC. 








ACF. 










DUP. 










DUP. 










GAF. 










GAF. 










ACF, ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF. 






ACF. 










ACF. 










ACF. 










ACF. 










ACF, DUP. 










ACY, DSC, 


DUP, 


FH, PAT, 


VPC. 




ACF, ACY, 


GAF 








HSH, KPC. 










ACF. 










DSC, PAT. 










ACF, DSC, 


DUP 


GAF, NYC 


SDH. 




DSC. 










ACF, ACY. 










GAF. 










ACF. 










AHC. 










ACF. 










ACF. 










ACF. 










KPC. 










DUP. 










DUP. 











IOO 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 8B. 



■ Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 —Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



SOLVENT DYES— Continued 

Solvent blue dyes — Continued 

Solvent blue 37 

Solvent blue 38 

Other solvent blue dyes: Solvent blue, AP, HLR, RA, 
THS, ZN. 

♦Solvent green dyes : 

♦Solvent green 1 

Solvent green 2 

♦Solvent green 3 

Solvent green 10 

Solvent green 11 

Other solvent green dyes : Solvent green 

♦Solvent brown dyes : 

Solvent brown 11 

Solvent brown 12 

Solvent brown 17 

Solvent brown 19 

Solvent brown 20 

Solvent brown 21 

Other solvent brown dyes: Solvent brown, #54, GN 

Solvent black dyes : 

Solvent black 3 

Solvent black 5 

Solvent black 7 

Solvent black 12 

Solvent black 13 

Solvent black 17 

Solvent black 19 

Other solvent black dyes: Solvent black, #204, BN, 
All other solvent dyes 

SULFUR DYES 

Sulfur yellow dyes : 

Sulfur yellow 1 

Sulfur yellow 2 

Solubilized sulfur yellow 2 

Sulfur yellow 4 

Sulfur yellow 10 

Sulfur yellow 11 

Sulfur red dyes : 

♦Sulfur red 1 

Solubilized sulfur red 1 

Sulfur red 5 

♦Sulfur red 6 

Sulfur red 8--- 

Sulfur blue dyes : 

♦Sulfur blue 5 

♦Sulfur blue 7 

Solubilized sulfur blue 7 

Sulfur blue 9 

Sulfur blue 10— 

Sulfur blue 11 

Sulfur blue 13 

Solubilized sulfur blue 13 

Sulfur blue 15 

Other sulfur blue dyes: Sulfur blue, 03 

Sulfur green dyes : 

Sulfur green 1 

♦Sulfur green 2 

Solubilized 6ulfur green 2 

Sulfur green 3 

Sulfur green 11 

Sulfur green 14 

Other sulfur green dyes: Sulfur green 2BFEX, GCF— 
Sulfur brown dyes : 

Solubilized sulfur brown 3 

Sulfur brown 10 

Solubilized sulfur brown 10 



DUP. 








ACF, 


ACY, 


CMG, 


DUP. 


ACY, 


DSC, 


GAF, 


KPC, PAT 


ACF, 


DSC, 


SDH. 




GAF. 








ACY, 


HSH, 


KPC. 




DUP. 








DUP. 








DSC. 








GAF. 








GAF. 








DUP. 








DUP. 








DUP. 








ACF. 








ACY, 


FH, 


PAT. 




ACF. 








ACF, 


ACY. 






ACF, 


ACY. 






ACF. 








ACF. 








DUP. 








GAF. 








ACY, 


DSC 


DUP, 


FH. 


PAT. 









ACF. 








ACY, 


DUP. 






ACY. 








ACF, 


DUP, 


SDC. 




GAF. 








ACF. 








ACF, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF 


ACF. 








ACF. 








ACF, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF 


DUP. 








ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF. 




ACF, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


SDC 


ACF, 


ACY, 


SDC. 




ACF. 








TRC. 








ACF, 


DUP. 






ACY. 








ACY. 








ACF, 


ACY, 


DUP. 




ACF. 








ACF. 








ACF, 


DUP, 


SDC. 




SDC. 








ACF, 


ACY. 






DUP. 








DUP. 








ACY, 


GAF. 






SDC. 








ACF, 


DUP. 






SDC. 









IOI 



TABLE 8B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 

identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Eye 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



SULFUR DYES— Continued 

Sulfur brown dyes — Continued 

Sulfur brown 14 

Sulfur brown 20 

Sulfur brown 26 

Sulfur brown 30 

Sulfur brown 33 

Sulfur brown 37 

Solubilized sulfur brown 37 

Sulfur brown 39 

Sulfur brown 40 

Sulfur brown 43 

Solubilized sulfur brown 43 

Sulfur brown 44 

Solubilized sulfur brown 44 

Sulfur brown 45 

Sulfur brown 50 

Other sulfur brown dyes: Sulfur brown GR, RCF, 3RL— 
Sulfur black dyes : 

*Sulfur black 1 

Solubilized sulfur black 1 

Sulfur black 2 

Solubilized sulfur black 2 

Sulfur black 6 

Solubilized sulfur black 6 

Sulfur black 10 

Solubilized sulfur black 10 

Sulfur black 11 

Solubilized sulfur black 11 

VAT DYES 

*Vat yellow dyes : 

Vat yellow 1, 12-1/2% 

*Vat yellow 2, 8-1/2%- 

Solubilized vat yellow 2, 25$ 

Vat yellow 3, 12-1/2% 

*Vat yellow 4, 12-1/2% 

♦Solubilized vat yellow 4, 37-1/2% 

Vat yellow 10, 10% 

Vat yellow 13, 6-1/2% 

Vat yellow 14, 12-1/2% 

Vat yellow 15, LL-l/2% 

Vat yellow 16, 16-2/3% 

Vat yellow 21, 9-1/2%- 

Vat yellow 22, 10% 

Other vat yellow dyes : Vat yellow, 5G, GL, 6GL 

Vat orange dyes : 

*Vat orange 1, 20% 

♦Solubilized vat orange 1, 26% 

*Vat orange 2, 12%- 

Vat orange 3, 13-1/2% 

Vat orange 4, 6% 

*Vat orange 5, 10% 

Solubilized vat orange 5, 30% 

Vat orange 7, 11% — ' 

*Vat orange 9, 12%- 

Vat orange 11, 6% 

*Vat orange 15, 10% 

Other vat orange dyes : Vat orange 2BG 

Vat red dyes : 

*Vat red 1, 13%- - 

Solubilized vat red 1, 37%- - 

»Vat red 10, 18% - 

Solubilized vat red 10, 31% 

Vat red 12, 8-l/2%- 

*Vat red 13, 11% ■ 

Vat red 14, 10% 

Vat red 15, 10%- — 

Vat red 16, 11% - — 



ACY, 


GAF. 




DUP. 






GAF. 






ACY- 






ACY. 






SDC. 






SDC. 






DUP. 






DUP. 






ACF. 






ACF. 






ACF. 






ACF. 






ACF. 






ACF. 
ACY, 


GAF. 




ACF, 


ACY, 


DUP, SDC 


ACF, 


ACY, 


SDC. 


ACF, 


ACY, 


DUP. 


ACF, 


ACY. 




GAF. 






ACF. 






ACY, 


DUP. 




ACF, 


ACY. 




SDC. 






SDC. 







iCI 

ACF 

ah : 

DUP 
ACF 
AHC 
GAF 
AHC 
TRC 
ACX 
DUF 
DUP 
DUP 
ACF 

ACF 

AHC 
ACF 
ACF 
ACF 
ACY 
AHC 
HS1 

a:f 

ACF 
ACF 

DUP 

ACF 
AHC 
ACF 

GAF 

DUP 
ACF 
HST 

HST 
DUP 



ACY, AHC, DUP, GAF, HST, KPC, TRC, VPC. 
GAF. 



ACY, AHC, CMG, DUP, GAF, HST, TRC, VPC. 
GAF, HST. 



PCO. 

ACY, DUP, GAF. 



AHC, 
GAF, 
ACY, 
ACY, 
ACY, 
DUP, 
GAF. 
TRC. 
ACY, 
DUP. 
ACY, 



DUP, GAF, HST, TRC. 

HST. 

AHC, CMS, DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC. 

AHC, DUP, MAY, TRC. 

CMG, DUP, GAF. 

HST, KPC. 



AHC, CMG, DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC. 
AHC, DUP, GAF, KPC, MAY, TRC. 



ACY, DUP, GAF, HST, KPC. 
GAF, HST. 

GAF, TRC. 



DUP, GAF, MAY, TRC. 
TRC. 



102 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 8B. 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Ejre 



VAT DYES — Continued 

Vat red dyes — Continued 

Vat red 17, 10% 

Vat red 27, 1-1/2$ 

Vat red 29, 18$ 

Vat red 32, 20%-— 

•Vat red 35, 13-1/2$ 

Vat red 40 

Vat red 41, 20$ 

Vat red 44, 17$ 

Other vat red dyes: Vat red, EKN, FG, GL, 3N, 2R- 

•Vat violet dyes : 

•Vat violet 1, 11$ 

Solubilized vat violet 1, 26$- - 

*Vat violet 2, 20$ — 

*Vat violet 3, 15$ 

Solubilized vat violet 3, 43$- 

*Vat violet 9, 12$-- — — 

Vat violet 12, 10$ — 

•Vat violet 13, 6-lA$ 

Vat violet 14, 12-1/2$-- 

*Vat violet 17, 12-1/2$ — - 

Other vat violet dyes: Vat violet P, R 

*Vat blue dyes : 

*Vat blue 1, 20$-- 

Solubilized vat blue 1, 25$- - - 

Vat blue 3, 16$ - 

*Vat blue 4, 10$-— — — 

•Vat blue 5, 16$ — 

Solubilized vat blue 5, 38$ 

*Vat blue 6, 8-1/3$ 

•Solubilized vat blue 6, 17-1/2$-- 

Vat blue 7, 12-1/2$ 1 

Solubilized vat blue 9, 35$ 

•Vat blue 14, 8-1/3$ 

Vat blue 16, 16$ 

*Vat blue 18, 13$ - - 

Vat blue 19, 16-7/10$ 

*Vat blue 20, 14$ — 

Vat blue 35, 20$ 

Vat blue 43, 40$ 

Other vat blue dyes: Vat blue B, 3B, BCL, HG, RA, VH- 
Vat green dyes : 

*Vat green 1, 6$ 

•Solubilized vat green 1, 12-1/2$- 

*Vat green 3, 10$ ■ 

•Solubilized vat green 3, 26$ 

•Vat green 8, 8-1/2$ 

•Vat green 9, 12-1/2$ 

Vat green 18, 8$ 

Vat green 19, 13$ - — 

Vat green 20, 6$- 

•Vat brown dyes : 

•Vat brown 1, 11$ 

Solubilized vat brown 1, 17$- 

•Vat brown 3, 11$ 

Solubilized vat brown 3, 17$ 

•Vat brown 5, 13-J 

Solubilized vat brown 5, 17$ 

Vat brown 11, 12$ 

Vat brown 12, 12-1/2$ 

Vat brown 13, 17$- 

Vat brown 14, 12$ 

•Vat brown 20, 10-1/2$- — 

Vat brown 25, ll-l/2$ 

Vat brown 29, 13$ 

Vat brown 31, 28$ — 

Vat brown 38, 20$ — 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



GAF. 
DUP. 
ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
DUP. 
HST. 
TRC. 
DUP, 

ACF, 
AHC, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
GAF. 
AHC, 
DUP. 
ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
ACF, 



GAF. 
GAF. 
GAF, TRC. 



GAF. 

ACY, AHC, 
GAF. 

ACY, DUP, 
DUP, GAF, 



DUP, GAF, MAY, TRC. 



GAF, HST, VPC. 
HST. 



DUP, GAF, TRC. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, GAF, TRC. 

DUP. 

DUP, GAF. 

DUP. 



ACF, 


DOW, 


DUP. 


GAF. 






HST. 






ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF. 


ACF, 


DUP, 


HST, 


AHC, 


GAF, 


HST. 


ACF, 


ACY, 


AHC, 


AHC, 


GAF, 


HST. 


ACF. 






GAF. 






ACF, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


ACF, 


ACY, 


DUP. 


ACY, 


AHC, 


DUP, 


TRC. 






ACF, 


ACY, 


AHC, 


DUP. 






DUP, 


SDC. 




ACF, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


ACF, 


ACY, 


AHC 


AHC, 


GAF, 


HST 


ACF, 


ACY, 


AHC 


AHC, 


GAF, 


HST. 


ACF, 


AHC, 


DUP 


ACF, 


ACY, 


DUP 


DUP. 






DUP. 






DUP. 






ACF, 


ACY, 


AHC 


AHC, 


GAF. 




ACF, 


ACY, 


AHC 


AHC. 






ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF 


GAF. 






MAY. 






ACF, 


DUP. 




MAY. 






HST. 






ACF, 


CMG, 


DUP 


GAF. 






ACY. 






KPC. 






AHC. 







VPC. 

DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC, VPC. 

TRC. 

GAF, KPC, MAY, TRC. 

DUP, GAF, KPC, MAY, PCO, TRC. 

x. 

DUP, GAF, KPC, MAY, TRC. 

DUP, GAF, KPC, MAY, TRC. 

GAF. 

GAF, KPC, MAY, PCO, SDC, TRC. 

DUP, GAF, KPC, MAY, TRC, VPC. 

DUP, GAF, KPC, MAY, TRC, VPC. 

HST, KPC, VPC. 



GAF, KPC. 



DYES 



103 



TABLE 8B. 



■-Synthetic organic chemicals: Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer , 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



VAT DYES— Continued 

*Vat brown dyes — Continued 

Vat brown 40, 14? 

Other vat brown dyes: Vat brown, AG, 3B, G, N, 2RF- 
*Vat black dyes : 

Vat black 1— • 

Solubilized vat black 1, 27-1/2? 

*Vat black 9, 16? - 

Vat black 11, 17-1/2? • 

Vat black 13, 14? — 

Vat black 14, 11-1/2? • 

Vat black 15, 18?- 

Vat black 17, 16?- 

Vat black 18, 15-1/2? — 

Vat black 21, I8-1/2? 

Vat black 22, 19?- 

*Vat black 25, 12-1/2? 

Vat black 26, 24?- 

*Vat black 27, 12-1/2? 

Vat black 30, 15-9/10? — 

Other vat black dyes: Vat black, BBD, BJ, 2G, 3GA, 
GR, PBC. 
All other dyes 



DUP. 
ACF, 

ACF, 
GAF, 
ACF, 
ACY. 
ACF, 
DUP. 
KPC. 
ACY. 
ACF, 
ACY. 
ACY. 
ACF, 
ACF. 
ACF, 
TRC. 
ACF, 



DUP, MAY, SDC, TRC. 

GAF. 
HST. 
ACY, GAF, TRC. 



GAF. 

ACY, AHC, CMG, DUP, GAF, KPC, MAY, TRC. 

ACY, AHC, CMG, DUP, GAF, KPC, MAY, TRC. 

ACY, AHC, GAF, SDC, TRC. 

HST, TRC, WLM. 



104 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 
Toners and Lakes 



TABLE 11B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Toners and lakes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 

identified by manufacturer , 1959 

[Toners and lakes for which separate statistics are given in table 11A are marked below with an asterisk ( *) ; prod- 
ucts not so marked do not appear in table 11A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be 
published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x signifies that the manu- 
facturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS 

Black toners: 

Pigment Black 1, C.I. 50 440 

All other 

*Blue toners : 

•Pigment Blue 1, C.I. 42 595, PMA 

•Pigment Blue 1, C.I. 42 595, PTA 

Pigment Blue 2, C.I. 44 045, PMA 

Pigment Blue 2, C.I. 44 045, PTA 

Pigment Blue 3, C.I. 42 140, PTA 

•Pigment Blue 9, C.I. 42 025, PMA 

•Pigment Blue 9, C.I. 42 025, PTA 

Pigment Blue 10, C.I. 44 040, PMA 

•Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, alpha modification 

•Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, beta modification 

Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, crude 

•Pigment Blue 19, C.I. 42 750A 

Pigment Blue 22, C.I. 69 810 

•Pigment Blue 25, C.I. 21 180 

All other 

•Brown toners: 

Pigment Brown 1, C.I. 12 480 

Pigment Brown 2, C.I. 12 071 

Pigment Brown 3, C.I. 21 010, PMA 

All other 

Green toners: 

•Pigment Green 1, C.I. 42 040, PMA 

•Pigment Green 1, C.I. 42 040, PTA 

•Pigment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and C.I. 49 005, PMA 

•Pigment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and C.I. 49 005, PTA 

Pigment Green 4, C.I. 42 000, PMA 

•Pigment Green 4, C.I. 42 000, PTA 

•Pigment Green 7, C.I. 74 260 

•Pigment Green 8, C.I. 10 006 

Pigment Green 10, C.I. 12 775 

All other 

•Orange toners : 

Pigment Orange 1, C.I. 11 725 

•Pigment Orange 2, C.I. 12 060--- 

•Pigment Orange 5, C.I. 12 075 

Pigment Orange 9 

•Pigment Orange 13, C.I. 21 110 

•Pigment Orange 16, C.I. 21 160 

All other 

•Red toners: 
•Naphthol reds: 

•Pigment Red 2, C.I. 12 310 

•Pigment Red 5, C.I. 12 490 

Pigment Red 9, C.I. 12 460 

Pigment Red 13, C.I. 12 395 

Pigment Red 14, C.I. 12 380 

•Pigment Red 17, C.I. 12 390 

•Pigment Red 18, C.I. 12 350 

•Pigment Red 22, C.I. 12 315 

•Pigment Red 23, C.I. 12 355 

Pigment Red 31, C.I. 12 360 

All other naphthol reds 

See note at end of table for definition of abbreviations 



SNA. 
UHL. 

ADC, BLN, CC, DUP, EAK, HCC, IMP, LVY, MGR, MRX, NYC, 

SDH, SNA, SNP, UHL. 
ACF, AMS, BLN, CC, IMP, K0N, MGR, MRX, SAN, SNA, SNP, 

SW, UHL. 
SW. 

woe. 

CC, MRX. 

BLN, MGR, MRX. 

IMP, MGR, MRX, SDH. 

SDH. 

ACF, ACY, AHC, DUP, GAF, ICC, IMP, PCC, SDH, SNA, SUC, 

SW, TMS, TRC. 
ACY, DUP, GAF, IMP, K0N, LVY, SDH, SNA, SW, TMS. 
ACY, AHC, PCC, SNA, TRC, W0C. 
ACY, ERD, NYC, SUC, SW. 
ACF, DUP. 

ACF, DUP, GAF, ICC, SAN. 
ACF, LVR, SDH, TRC, x. 

AHC. 

SDH. 

BLN, KCW. 

ACF, HAR, SNA, SW. 

CC, CIK, IMP, MGR. 

BLN, IMP, MRX, SAN, SDH. 

ADC, BLN, CC, IMP, LVY, MGR, SAN, SDA, SNA, UHL. 

ACY, ADC, AMS, BLN, CC, EAK, IMP, K0N, MGR, SAN, SDH, 

SNA, SNP. 
ADC, BLN, CC. 

ACY, ADC, AMS, CC, IMP, KON, SNA. 
ACF, ACY, DUP, GAF, PCC, SNA, SW, TMS, WOC. 
ACF, DUP, EAK, GAF, HAR, IMP, KCW, SNA, SW. 
DUP. 
CC, HAR, MGR. 

ACF, KON, SNA. 

CC, FCL, IMP, SDH, SUC, SW. 

ACY, EAK, HAR, IMP, SNA, SUC, SW. 

DUP. 

ACF, ACY, AMS, CC, GAF, ICC, IMP, KON, SAN, SDH, SNP, 

SW. 
ACF, CC, DUP, GAF, ICC, IMP, ROM, SAN, SNA, SW. 
ACF, ICC, KON, SDH, SW, TRC, x. 



ACF, EAK, HCC, IMP, KCW, KON, SAN, SNA, SW. 

ACF, AHC, DUP, GAF, HST, ICC, IMP, SAN, SNA, SNP, SW. 

IMP, SAN. 

ACF, IMP. 

ACF, DUP. 

ACY, BLN, FCL, ICC, IMP, SAN, SNA, SNP, SW. 

ACF, HAR, IMP, SW. 

ACF, ACY, AMS, DUP, FCL, IMP, MRX, SNA, SW. 

ACF, ACY, DUP, FCL, HCC, ICC, IMP, SAN, SW. 

SNA. 

AHC, DUP, GAF, HCC, ICC, LVR, SDH, SNA, SW. 



TONERS AND LAKES 



105 



TABLE WB. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Toners and lakes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer , 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers 1 identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS— Continued 

♦Red Toners — Continued 

♦Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, dark 

»Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, light 

♦Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120 

♦Pigment Red 4, C.I. 12 085 

Pigment Red 6, C.I. 12 090 

♦Pigment Red 38, C.I. 21 120 

Pigment Red 40, C.I. 12 170 

♦Pigment Red 41, C.I. 21 200 

♦Pigment Red 48, C.I. 15 865 

♦Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630: 
♦Barium toner 

♦Calcium toner 

Sodium salt 

All other Pigment Red 49 toners 

Pigment Red 51, C.I. 15 580 

♦Pigment Red 52, C.I. 15 860 

♦Pigment Red 53, C.I. 15 585: 

♦Barium toner 

Sodium salt 

Pigment Red 54, C.I. 14 830: 

Calcium toner 

Sodium salt 

♦Pigment Red 57, C.I. 15 850, calcium toner 

Pigment Red 58, C.I. 15 825 

♦Pigment Red 63, C.I. 15 880 

Pigment Red 64, C.I. 15 800 

♦Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PMA 

♦Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PTA 

♦Pigment Red 90, C.I. 45 380 

(Vat red 13) 

All other 

Violet toners: 

♦Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, PMA 

♦Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, PTA 

♦Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, fugitive 

♦Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, PMA 

♦Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, PTA 

(Vat Violet 3), C.I. 73 395 

All other 

♦Yellow toners : 

Benzidine yellows: 
♦Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090 

♦Pigment Yellow 13, C.I. 21 100 

♦Pigment Yellow 14, C.I. 21 095 

♦Acetoacetanisidide Yellow (deb — > aaoa) 

Other benzidine yellows 

Hansa yellows: 
♦Pigment Yellow 1, C.I. 11 680 

♦Pigment Yellow 3, C.I. 11 710 

Pigment Yellow 4, C.I. 11 665- — 

Pigment Yellow 5, C.I. 11 660 

Pigment Yellow 6, C.I. 11 670 

All other hansa yellows 

See note at end of table for definition of abbreviations 



ACF, ACY, AMS, APC, EAK, FCL, HAR, HCC, IMP, K0N, 

LVY, PPG, SDH, SNA, SUC, SW, WDC. 
ACY, CIK, EAK, FCL, HAR, HCC, IMP, K0N, PPG, SDH, 

SNA, SUC, SW. 
ACF, ACY, APC, CIK, DUP, EAK, FCL, HAR, HCC, IMP, 

KCW, K0N, MRX, PPG, SAN, SDH, SNA, SUC, SW, WDC. 
ACF, ACY, AMS, FCL, HAR, HCC, IMP, K0N, SAN, SNA, 

SNP, SUC, SW, WDC. 
DUP, HAR, SDH, SW. 
ACF, GAF, HAR, SAN, SNA, SW. 
IMP. 

ACF, DUP, GAF, SAN. 
ACF, ACY, AMS, BLN, DUP, FCL, GAF, HAR, HCC, IMP, 

K0N, LVY, SDH, SNA, SW. 

ACY, AMS, CIK, FCL, HCC, IMP, K0N, LVY, SDH, SNA, 

SNP, SUC, SW. 
ACY, AMS, CC, CIK, EAK, FCL, HCC, IMP, LVY, K0N, 

PPG, SDH, SNA, SUC, SW. 
ACY, AMS, CC, FCL, HCC, K0N, SDH, SUC, SW. 
K0N. 
SUC. 
ACF, AMS, HAR, HCC, IMP, SUC, SW. 

ACY, ADC, AMS, BLN, FCL, HCC, IMP, LVY, KON, SAN, 

SDH, SNA, SNP, SUC, SW. 
ACF, ADC, SW. 

IMP, MRX. 

GAF, IMP, MRX. 

ACF, ADC, AMS, BLN, DUP, FCL, HAR, HCC, IMP, LVY, SAN, 

SDH, SNA, SNP, SUC, SW. 
BLN, DUP, IMP. 

ACF, FCL, HAR, IMP, KON, SNA, SW. 
ACF. 

BLN, CC, IMP, KON, MGR, MRX, SAN, SNA. 
ACY, AMS, CC, DUP, EAK, FCL, HCC, IMP, KON, MGR, MRX, 

SAN, SDH, SNA, SNP. 
AMS, FCL, ICC, LVY, NYC, SDH, SNA, SNP. 
KCW. 
ACF, DUP, ICC, SDH, SW, x. 

BLN, CC, CIK, IMP, LVY, MGR, MRX, SNA. 

ACY, AMS, BLN, CC, DUP, EAK, FCL, HCC, IMP, KON, MGR, 

MRX, SAN, SNA. 
ACY, ADC, AMS, BLN, HCC, IMP, LVY, NYC, SDH, SUC, UHL. 
ADC, AMS, BLN, CC, EAK, HCC, IMP, KON, LVY, MGR, MRX, 

NYC, PPG, SDH, SNA, SNP, SUC, SW, UHL. 
4CY, AMS, BLN, HCC, IMP, KON, MRX, SAN, SNA, SNP, SW. 
ACF. 
ACF, GAF, ICC. 



ACF, ACY, AMS, DUP, FCL, GAF, HAR, HCC, ICC, IMP, 
KON, LVY, MRX, SAN, SDH, SNA, SNP, SW, WDC. 

ACF, GAF, HST, IMP, ROM, SAN, SNA, SNP, SW. 

ACF, ACY, AMS, DUP, GAF, HAR, HST, ICC, IMP, KON, 
MRX, ROM, SAN, SDH, SNA, SNP, SW, X. 

ACY, AMS, ICC, IMP, SAN, SNA, SW. 

HAR, ICC, LVR, SW, X. 

ACF, ACY, AHC, AMS, DUP, EAK, FCL, GAF, HAR, HCC, 

IMP, KON, PPG, SAN, SDH, SNA, SW, WDC. 
ACF, HAR, HCC, IMP, KON, SAN, SNA, SW. 
ACF, SNA. 
IMP. 

CIK, IMP. 
AHC, HAR, IMP, SNA, SW, WDC, x. 



569056 O - 60 - 8 



io6 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 11B. 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Toners and lakes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959— Continued 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS— Continued 

"Yellow toners — Continued 

(Vat yellow 1) C.I. 70 600 

All other 

REDUCED OR EXTENDED TONERS 

"Black toners, reduced 

"Blue toners, reduced: 

"Pigment Blue 1, C.I. 42 595, PMA 

Pigment Blue 2, C.I. 44 045, fugitive 

Pigment Blue 2, C.I. 44 045, PMA 

Pigment Blue 2, C.I. 44 045, PTA 

Pigment Blue 3, C.I. 42 140, PMA 

"Pigment Blue 9, C.I. 42 025, PMA 

Pigment Blue 9, C.I. 42 025, PTA 

Pigment Blue 10, C.I. 44 040, PMA--- 

Pigment Blue 10, C.I. 44 040, PTA 

"Pigment Blue 14, C.I. 42 600, PMA 

Pigment Blue 14, C.I. 42 600, PTA - 

"Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, alpha modification-- 
"Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, beta modification--- 

Pigment Blue 19, C.I. 42 750A 

Pigment Blue 22, C.I. 69 810 

(Basic Blue 9), C.I. 52 015 

(Vat Blue 4), C.I. 69 800 

Blue BXM - ---. 

All other 

"Brown toners, reduced: 

Pigment Brown 3, C.I. 21 010, fugitive 

(Vat Brown 3), C.I. 69 015 

All other- 

"Green toners, reduced: 

"Pigment Green 1, C.I. 42 040, PMA 

Pigment Green 1, C.I. 42 040, PTA 

"Pigment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and C.I. 49 005, PMA- 
"Pigment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and C.I. 49 005, PTA- 

Pigment Green 4, C.I. 42 000, fugitive 

Pigment Green 4, C.I. 42 000, PMA 

"Pigment Green 7, C.I. 74 260 

"Pigment Green 8, C.I. 10 006 

Pigment Green 10, C.I. 12 775 

All other 

"Orange toners, reduced : 

Pigment Orange 2, C.I. 12 060 

Pigment Orange 5, C.I. 12 075 

Pigment Orange 13, C.I. 21 110 

Pigment Orange 16, C.I. 21 160- 

All other 

"Red toners, reduced: 

Naphthol reds, reduced: 

Pigment Red 2, C.I. 12 310 

Pigment Red 10, C.I. 12 440 

Pigment Red 13, C.I. 12 395 

Pigment Red 17, C.I. 12 390 

Pigment Red 22, C.I. 12 315— — 

"Pigment Red 23, C.I. 12 355 

All other reduced naphthol reds 

"Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, dark 

Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, light - 

"Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120 

Pigment Red 4, C.I. 12 085 

Pigment Red 38, C.I. 21 120 

"Pigment Red 48, C.I. 15 865 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630: 

"Barium toner 

Calcium toner 

Pigment Red 52, C.I. 15 860 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



TRC. 

HAR, HST, SW. 



BLN, CC, HAM, MRX, SNA. 



BLN, 

MGR, 

CC. 

CC. 

MRX. 

CC, 

BLN, 

IMP. 

IMP. 

CC, 

DUP, 

ACF, 

ACY, 

sue. 

ACF, 
BLN, 
DUP. 
DUP. 
CC, 

CC, 
CC. 
HAM. 



CC, DUP, HCC, IMP, MGR, NYC. 
MRX. 



IMP, MRX, NYC. 
IMP. 



DUP, IMP, NYC. 
NYC. 

BLN, CC, DUP, GAF, IMP, KCW, SNA, SUC, SW, TMS. 
DUP, IMP, KCW, KON, SW. 

DUP, IMP. 
CC. 



MRX, x. 
SNA. 
ICC. 



BLN, CC, IMP, MRX, NYC. 




SNP. 




BLN, CC, MRX, SNA, UHL. 




BLN, DUP, MRX. 




BLN. 




HAM, HCC. 




ACF, BLN, DUP, GAF, KCW, 


SUC, SW, TMS 


CC, DUP, KCW. 




DUP. 




BLN, CC, HAM, MGR, SW. 




IMP, SW. 




CC. 




CC. 




DUP. 




ACF, HAM. 




KCW. 




KCW. 




KCW. 




ACY. 




ACY, DUP. 




ACY, DUP, SNA, SUC, SW. 




CC, HAR, SNA, SW. 




BLN, IMP, UHL, WDC. 




IMP. 




BLN, DUP, HAM, IMP, SW. 




SAN. 




ACF. 




ACF, BLN, DUP, HCC, IMP, 


KON, SAN, SN 


BLN, CC, FCL, KON, SNA, 


UHL. 


CC. 




HCC, SW. 





See note at end of table for definition of abbreviations. 



TONERS AND LAKES 



107 



TABLE 11B. 



■ Synthetic organic chemicals: Toners and lakes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



REDUCED OR EXTENDED TONERS--Continued 



•Red toners, reduced — Continued 

•Pigment Red 57, C.I. 15 850 

Pigment Red 78 

Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, fugitive — 

•Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PMA 

•Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PTA 

Pigment Red 87, C.I. 73 310 

Pigment Red 88 

Pigment Red 90, C.I. 45 380- 

(Basic Red 2), C.I. 50 240 

All other 

•Violet toners, reduced: 

Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, fugitive- 

•Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, PMA 

Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, PTA 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, fugitive- 

•Pigraent Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, PMA 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, PTA 

(Vat Violet 1), C.I. 60 010 

(Vat Violet 3), C.I. 73 395 

•Yellow toners, reduced: 
Benzidine yellows: 

Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090 

•Pigment Yellow 14, C.I. 21 095 

Hansa yellows: 

•Pigment Yellow 1, C.I. 11 680 

Pigment Yellow 3, C.I. 11 710 

Pigment Yellow 18, C.I. 49 005 

•(Basic Yellow 2), C.I. 41 000, fugitive- 

(Vat Yellow 1), C.I. 70 600 

All other yellows 



LAKES 

•Black lakes: (Natural Black 3), C.I. 75 291- 
Blue lakes : 

Pigment Blue 17, C.I. 74 180 

•Pigment Blue 24, C.I. 42 090 



(Acid Blue 104), C.I. 42 735 

All other 

Brown lakes 

•Green lakes: 

(Acid Green 3), C.I. 42 085 

All other 

•Orange lakes: 

Pigment Orange 17, C.I. 15 510 

All other 

•Red lakes: 

•Pigment Red 60, C.I. 16 105 

•Pigment Red 83, C.I. 58 000 

(Acid Red 17), C.I. 16 180 

• (A=i<l Red 26), C.I. 16 150 

(Acid Red 27), C.I. 16 185 

(Natural Red 4), C.I. 75 470 

(Natural Red 24), C.I. 75 280 

All other 

•Violet lakes: 

•Pigment Violet 5, C.I. 58 055 

Pigment Violet 12, C.I. 58 050— 

(Acid Violet 17), C.I. 42 650 

Yellow lakes: 

(Acid Yellow 1), C.I. 10 316 

(Acid Yellow 3), C.I. 47 005 

(Acid Yellow 11), C.I. 18 820 

•(Acid Yellow 23), C.I. 19 140 

(Natural Yellow 10), C.I. 75 720- 
All other 



BLN, 


IMP, K0N, SAN, 


SNA 




DOT . 








bln. 








BLN, 


CC, DUP, NYC. 






BLN, 


DUP, HCC, SNA 






ACF . 








ACF . 








IMP. 








MRX. 








ACF, 


CC, KCW. 






BLN, 


CC, UHL. 






BLN , 


CC, MRX, NYC. 






DOT, 


SNA. 






BLN, 


CC, HAM, HCC, 


K0N, 


MGR, UHL 


BLN, 


CC, DUP, HCC, 


IMP, 


NYC. 


CC, 


K0N. 






ACF, 


DUP. 






ACB 








ACF 


DUP, IMP. 






ACF, 


ACY, CC, DUP, 


IMP, 


SW. 


DU] 


HAR, IMP, MRX 


WDC 




DOT 


HAR, KCW. 






i MI- 








CC, 


MRX, SAN. 






ACF 








ACI 


KCW. 







CPC, K0N, NYC. 

BLN, CPC, KCW. 

ACY, ADC, AMS, BLN, EAK, ICC, IMP, K0N, LVY, MGR, 

SDH, SNA, SNP. 
CPC, KCW. 
GAF, ICC. 
KON. 

BLN, CPC, SAN. 
GAF, x. 

AMS, CPC, IMP, KCW, LVY, MGR SNA. 
APC, GAF, x. 

BLN, DUP, HAR, HCC, KON, MRX, SAN, SNA. 

HAR, IMP, KCW, KON, MRX, SNA, SW, UHL. 

IMP, PPG, WDC. 

EAK, GAF, HAM, IMP, KCW, KON, SNA, UHL, x. 

KON. 

GNC, KON. 

IMP. 

APC, BLN, SAN, SNP, SW, x. 

ACF, BLN, DUP, GAF, HAR, IMP, SNA, TRC. 

HAR. 

BLN, HCC. 

MP. 

IMP. 

MGR. 

ACY, IMP, KON, MGR, MRX. 

IMP. 



Note.— The C.I. (Colour Index) numbers shown in this report are the identifying codes given in the second 

ed When n the name ^of "a ""cilor *is enclosed in parentheses, it indicates that this name is that of the dye from which 
the pigment can be made and that no name for the pigment itself is given in the Colour Index. _ 

The abbreviations PMA and PTA stand for phosphomolybdic and phosphotungstic (including phosphotungstomolybdic) 
acids, respectively. The abbreviation deb stands for dichlorobenzene, and the abbreviation aaoa, for o-acetoacet- 

anisidide. 



108 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 
Medicinals 



TABLE 13B. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 

identified by manufacturer, 1959 

'Medicinals for which separate statistics are given in table 13A in pt. II are marked below with an asterisk (*); 
medicinals not so marked do not appear in table 13A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may 
not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x signifies that the 
manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC 



3-Acetamido-2,4,6-triiodobenzoic acid and sodium salt 

Acetarsone (N-Acetyl-4-hydroxy-m-arsanilic acid) 
(Stovarsol) . 

Acetylglycol salicylate 

Acetylphenylurea 

*Acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin) 

Acetylsalicylic acid, aluminum basic salt 

Adrenaline (Epinephrine) 

*Amino ac ids : 

3,5-Diiodotyrosine 

dl-Phenylalanine 

1-Tyrosine 

*p-Aminobenzoic acid and derivatives: 

p-Aminobenzoic acid 

Benzocaine (Ethyl p-aminobenzoate) 

Benzocaine, ethoxylated 

Butacaine base 

Butacaine sulfate 

Butesin (n-Butyl p-aminobenzoate) 

2-Diethylaminoethyl 4-amino-2-propoxybenzoate 
(Ravocaine) hydrochloride. 

Isobutyl p-aminobenzoate (Cycloform) 

Procaine base and salts: 

Procaine acetate 

Procaine base (2-Diethylaminoethyl p-aminobenzoate) 
( Novae aine base). 

^Procaine hydrochloride 

Procaine isobutyrate 

Propyl p-aminobenzoate 

Tetracaine (2-Dimethylaminoethyl p-butylaminobenzoate) 
base. 

Tetracaine hydrochloride 

All other • 

p-Aminobenzoic acid salts: 

Calcium p-aminobenzoate 

Potassium p-aminobenzoate 

Sodium p-aminobenzoate 

^-Aminosalicylic acid 

4-Aminosalicylic acid salts: 

Calcium ^-aminosalicylate 

Potassium ^-aminosalicylate 

Sodium ^-aminosalicylate 

3-Amino-2,4,6-triiodophenyl-2-ethylpropionic acid 

p-Anisoin (4,4'-Dimethoxybenzoin) 

Anthranilic acid, cadmium salt 

*Antihistamines : 

2-(Benzhydryloxy)-N,N-dimethylethylamine hydrochloride— 

Bromodiphenhydramine hydrochloride 

p-Chlorobenzhydryl-m-methylbenzyldiethylenedi amine 

(Meclizine) dihydrochloride. 
N,N-Dimethyl-2- (a -phenyl -o-toloxy)ethylamine dihydrogen 

citrate . 
2- (Methylbenzhydryloxy ) -N ,N-dimethylethylamine 
hydrochloride . 

All other 

Benzaldehyde 

Benzoic acid 



MAL. 




SDW. 




FBS. 




ABB. 




DOW, 


ML, MDN, NOR, SDG 


ABB, 


PYL, SFA. 


SDW, 


STS. 


EK. 




SDW. 




STA. 




LEM, 


PYL. 


ABB, 


MIL. 


BPC. 




ABB. 




ABB. 




FBS. 




SDW. 




FBS. 




RIK. 




LEM. 




ABB, 


CLC, LEM, MIL. 


LEM. 




FBS. 




FBS. 




FBS, 


SDW. 


CBP. 




LEM. 




GAN, 


LEM, PYL. 


GAN, 


LEM, PYL. 


MLS, 


PD. 


MLS. 




HEX, 


MLS. 


MLS, 


PD. 


SDW. 




SPC. 




MAL. 





BRS. 

RIK. 

RIK. 

HN. 

MON. 



MEDICINALS 



I09 



TABLE 13B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Benzenoid- -Continued 

^Benzoic acid salts: 

Ammonium benzoate 

Lithium benzoate 

Benzyl succinate, mono- 

3,4-Bis(p-hydroxyphenyl)-2,3-hexadienediacetate 

*Bismuth subgallate 

Bismuth subsalicylate 

N,N' -Bis(3-nitrobenzenesulfonyl)ethylenediamine 

Bis(4-nitrophenyl) disulfide 

l-Butyl-3-p-tolylsulfonylurea 

*Carbasone (p-Carbamidobenzenearsonic acid) 

Chloramine T (Sodium p-toluenesulf onchlorami de ) 

6-Chloro-2H-l,2,4-benzothiadiazine-7-sulfonamide 
1,1-dioxide. 

3(p-Chlorophenylsulfonyl)-l-propylurea 

Chlorothymol 

Chlorotrianisene 

l-Cyclohexyl-3-diethylamino-l-phenyl-l-propanol ethiodide — 

Desoxyanisoin 

3,5-Diacetamido-2,4,6-triiodobenzoic acid, sodium salt 

2,5-Diaminotoluene sulfate 

*-Diethylamino-2,6-acetoxylidide 

l-[p-((3-Diethylaminoethoxy)phenyl] -l-p-tolyl-2-(p-chloro- 
phenyl ) ethanol . 

Diethylaminopropiophenone 

p,p'-(l,2-Diethylethylene)diphenol (Hexestrol) 

*,a' -Diethyl -4, 4 '-stilbenediol (Diethylstilbestrol) 

3,4-Dihydroxynorephedrine (3,4-Dihydroxyphenylpropanol- 
amine) hydrochloride. 

P-(3,5-Diiodo-4-hydroxyphenyl)-a-hydratropic acid 

„i-d-4-Dimethylamino-l,2-diphenyl-3-methyl-2-propoxybutane 
hydrochloride . 

A-Dimethylamino-2,2-diphenylvaleramide 

4-(2-Dimethylaminoethoxy)-N-(3,'4,5-trimethoxybenzoyl)- 

benzylamine hydrochloride. 
Dimethylethyl(Y-carbamyl-Y>Y-diphenylpropyl) ammonium 
bromide . 

1-H,a-Dimethylphenethylamine base 

N,i.-Dimethylphenethylamine (Desoxyephedrine) base 

*d-N,a-Dimethylphenethylamine hydrochloride 

*N,i-Dimethylphenethylamine (Desoxyephedrine) hydrochloride- 

N,3-Dimethylphenethylamine phosphate 

N,2-Dimethyl-2-phenylsuccinimide 

Dimethyl-p-toluidine 

3,5-Dinitrobenzamide 

Diphenylacetyldiethylaminoethanol hydrochloride 

3,5-Dipropionamido-2,"i,6-triiodobenzoic acid and sodium 
salt. 

Dipropylene glycol salicylate 

p-(Di-N-propylsulfamyl)benzoic acid (Benemid) 

*Dyes, medicinal: 

Acriflavine (3,6-Diamino-lO-methylacridine chloride) 

2,4-Diamino-<i / -ethoxyazobenzene hydrochloride (Serenium)-, 

Gentian violet 

Merbromin (Dibromohydroxymercurifluorescein, sodium salt) 

Methylene blue 

Scarlet red (Phenol red) 

Other 

Ephedrine, racemic 

N-Ethyl-3,3'-diphenyldipropylamine 

N-Ethyl-3,3 -diphenyldipropylamlne citrate 

N-Ethyl-3,3 -diphenyldipropylamlne hydrochloride 

Ethyl (iodophenyl)hendecanoate (Pantopaque) 

Ethylmercurithiosalicylic acid 

EthyLmercurithiosalicylic acid, sodium salt 



PEN. 

MYW. 

LEM. 

MLS. 

BKC, MAL, PEN, PFZ. 

MAL, NOR, PEN. 

SAL. 

ACY. 

HST, x. 

LIL, PYL, RSA. 

MON. 

MRK. 

PFZ. 

OPC. 

BKC. 

ACY. 

SPC. 

SDW. 

EK. 

AST. 

BKC. 

BKC. 

SPC, X. 

ABB, LIL, SPC. 

SDW. 

SCH. 
LIL. 

BRS. 
HOF. 



HEX. 

ABB, GAN, HEX. 

GAN, HEX, MLS. 

FBS. 

PD. 

EK. 

SAL. 

CBP. 

MAL. 

CP. 
MRK. 

ACF. 

KON. 

ACF, SDH. 

HYN. 

ACF, ACY. 

ACF. 

ACF. 

MRK. 

SPC. 

SPC. 

SPC. 

x. 

LIL. 

LAS, LIL, PYL. 



no 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 13B. —Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959— Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Benzenoid- -Continued 

a-Ethyl-a-phenylglutarimide (Doriden) 

Ethyl salicylate carbonate 

Gallic acid 

Glycol monosalicylate 

Guaiaeol, liquid and crystalline 

Hexylresorcinol 

p-Hydroxyacetanilide 

m-Hydroxybenzaldehyde 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid esters: 

Benzyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

n-Butyl p-hydroxybenzoate (Butoben) 

Ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

N-2-Hydroxyethylgentisamide ■ 

Hydroxymercuri-4-nitro-o-cresol anhydride (Metaphen) 

4-Hydroxy-3-nitrobenzenearsonic acid 

2-Hydroxy-2-phenethyl carbamate 

a-(Isopropylaminomethyl)protocatechuyl alcohol (Aleudrine) 

Mandelic acid (Phenylglycolic acid) 

Mandelic acid, calcium salt : - 

o-Methoxy-N,a-dimethylphenethylamine (l-(o-Methoxyphenyl) - 

2-methylaminopropane) hydrochloride. 
3-(o-Methoxyphenoxy)-l,2-propanediol (Glyceryl guaiacyl 

ether) . 
a - ( 1 -Methylaminoethyl ) benzyl alcohol ( Pseudoephedr ine ) 
hydrochloride . 

a-(l-Methylaminoethyl)benzyl alcohol sulfate 

4-(2-Methylaminoethyl)pyrocatechol 

l-Methyl-4-carbethoxy-4-phenylhexamethylenimine 

(Ethoheptazine) citrate. 
N-[2-(3,4-Methylenedioxyphenyl)isopropyl]-a-aminomethyl- 
protocatechuyl alcohol hydrochloride (Caytine). 
*a-Methylphenethylamine (Amphetamine) base and salts: 

a -Methylphenethylamlne (Amphetamine) (Benzedrine) base-- 

d-a-Methylphenethylamine base 

a -Methylphenethylamine hydrochloride 

d-a-Methylphenethylamine hydrochloride 

a-Methylphenethylamine sulfate 

d-a-Methylphenethylamine sulfate 

N-Methyl-2-phenylsuccinimide 

2-Naphthol (P-Naphthol) - 

2-Naphthyl benzoate 

Neostigmine bromide 

Neostigmine methyl sulfate 

p-Nitrobenzenearsonic acid 

^Norephedrine (Propadrine) hydrochloride 

Phenacaine [(Di-p-ethoxyphenyl)acetamidine] hydrochloride- 

Phenacetin (Acetophenetidin) 

Phenolphthalein 

Phenolsulfonic acid salts: 

Aluminum phenolsulfonate 

Ammonium phenolsulfonate 

Calcium phenolsulfonate 

Sodium phenolsulfonate 

Zinc phenolsulfonate 

2-Phenyl-tert-butylamine resin complex 

trans-2-Phenylcyclopropylamine sulfate 

1-Phenylephrine base 

^Phenylephrine (Neosynephrine) hydrochloride 

2-Phenyl-l,3-indandione (Danilone) 

p -Phenylisopropylhydrazine hydrochloride 

Phenyl mercuric derivatives: 

o-Chloromercuriphenol (o-Hydroxyphenylmercuric chloride) 
Phenylmercuric acetate 



CBP. 

FBS, PD. 
MAL. 

FBS, MON. 
HN, MON. 
HEX, MRK. 
MLS, NEP. 
ACF. 

HN, LIL. 

FBS, HN. 

HN. 

FBS, HN. 

FBS, HN. 

FBS. 

ABB. 

SAL. 

ARP. 

SPC. 

NEP. 

MAL. 

MLS, ORT. 

FBS, GAN. 

BUR, GAN. 

GAN. 
DOD. 
WYT. 



HEX, 


ORT, 


SK. 


HEX. 






HEX. 






HEX. 






HEX. 






HEX, 


SK. 




PD. 






FIN. 






BKL. 






HEX. 






HEX. 






SAL. 






FBS, 


GAM, 


HEX, ORT 


GAN, 


SDW. 




DOW, 


MON. 




MSN. 






MAL. 






GAM. 






MAL. 






GAM, 


MAL. 




MAL. 






BPC. 






BPC. 






GAN. 






GAN, 


HEX, 


SDW, SPC 


GAN, 


SPC. 




LKL. 






MIL. 






BRK. 







Ill 



TABLE 13B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC--Continued 
Benzenoid- -Continued 

Phenyl mercuric derivatives — Continued 

Phenylmercuric benzoate 

Phenylmercuric borate 

Phenylmercuric chloride 

Phenylmercuric nitrate 

Phthalazone 

Pyrogallic acid 

Quinidine sulfate 

Resorcinol monoacetate 

Resorcinol monobenzoate 

Salicylamide 

♦Salicylic acid 

♦Salicylic acid salts: 

Calcium salicylate 

Magnesium salicylate 

Mercuric salicylate 

Potassium salicylate 

♦Sodium salicylate 

Strontium salicylate 

Salol (Phenyl salicylate) 

Sodium antimony(III) -bis(catechol-2,4-disulfonate) 
(Fouadin) . 

Sodium benzyl succinate 

Sodium o-iodohippurate dihydrate (Hippuran) 

Sodium phenoxyacetate 

Sodium santoninate 

p-Stibonobenzoic acid 

♦Sulfa drugs: 

6-Acetamido-4-hydroxy-3-(4'-sulfamoylphenylazo)-2,7- 
naphthalenedisulfonic acid, disodium salt (Neo- 
prontosil) (Prontosil soluble). 

N 1 -Acetyl-3,4-dimethyl-5-sulfanilamidoisoxazole 

4' -(Acetylsulf amoyl)phthalanilic acid 

Benzoylsulfanilamide 

Benzoylsulfanilamide, sodium salt 

p-Benzylaminobenzene sulfonamide 

N 1 -(6-Chloro-2-pyrazinyl) sulfanilamide 

N 1 - (2, 6-Dimethoxy-<i-pyrimidinyl) sulfanilamide 

N 1 -(3,4-Dlmethyl-5-isoxa2olyl)sulfanilamide 

N 1 -(5-Ethyl-l,3,A-thiadiazol-2-yl)sulfanilamide 

N 1 -(5-Methyl-l, 3, <V-thiadiaaol-2-yl) sulfanilamide 

4'-(p-Nitrophenylsulfamoyl)acetanilide (N^-Acetyl-N 1 - 
(4-nitrophenyl) sulfanilamide) . 

Sulfabromomethazine, sodium salt 

Sulfadiazine 

Sulfadiazine, sodium salt 

Sulfaguanidine 

Sulfamerazine 

Sulf amerazine , sodium salt 

Sulfamethazine 

Sulfamethoxypyridazine 

Sulfanilamide ( p-Aminobenzenesulf onamide ) 

Sulfanilanilide 

N-Sulfanilylacetamide (Sulfaacetamide) 

N-Sulfanilylacetamide, sodium salt 

Sulfapyridine 

Sulfapyridtne, sodium salt 

Sulfaquinoxaline 

SulfasuxLdine (Succinylsulfathiazole) 

Sulfathalidine 

Sulfathiazole 

Sulfathiazole, sodium salt 

Tannin albuminate (Tannalbin) 

Thiosalicylic acid 

Thymol 

Thymol iodide 

♦3-o-Toloxy-l,2-propanediol (o-Cresyl a -glyceryl ether)- 



BRK, MTL. 

BRK, MTL. 

MTL. 

BRK, MTL. 

ACF. 

MAL. 

HEX. 

EK. 

EKT. 

PEN. 

DOW, HN, MON, 

DOW. 

MAL. 

MAL. 

PEN. 

DOW, HN, MON. 

DOW, MAL. 

DOW, MAL, PEN. 

SDW. 

LEM. 
MAL. 
ABB. 
MAL. 
BKC. 



HOF. 




LEM. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




SDW. 




ACY. 




HOF. 




HOF. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




ACY, 


SAL. 


MRK. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




SAL. 




LEM, 


SCH. 


LEM, 


SCH. 


ACY, 


MRK. 


ACY, 


MRK. 


MRK. 




MRK. 




MRK. 




ACY, 


MRK. 


ACY, 


MRK. 


PYL. 




LIL. 




GIV, 


HNW. 


MAL. 




BKL, 


FBS, HEX 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, i°59 



TABLE 13B.-- Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Benzeno uf--Contirued 

Vitamins : 

K (2-Methyl-l,4-naphthalenediol diphosphate, tetrasodium 
salt). 

*K (Menadione) (2-Methyl-l, ^-naphthoquinone) 

K (Menadione), sodium bisulfite 

K x (2-Methyl-3-phytyl-l,4-naphthoquinone) 

K 5 (4-Amino-2-methyl-l-naphthol, hydrochloride) 

Alicyclic and Heterocyclic 

5-Acetamido-l,3,4-thiadiazole-2-sulfonamide 

2-Acetylamino-5-nitrothiazole (Acetyl enheptin) 

Adenine hydrochloride 

Adenine sulfate 

Adenosine 

Adenosine -5-phosphoric acid 

Adenosinetriphosphoric acid 

Adenosinetriphosphoric acid, salt 

Adenylic acid 

♦Alkaloids and related products : 

Berberine hydrochloride 

Colchicine 

Digitalis glucosides : 

Digitonin 

Gitalin 

All other 

Eserine salicylate 

Ethylmorphine hydrochloride 

Eucatropine hydrochloride 

Homatropine 

Homatropine hydrobromide 

♦Homatropine methyl bromide 

Hydrastine 

Hydrastine hydrochloride 

d-3-Methoxy-N-methylmorphinan hydrobromide 

Rauwolfia serpentina (Alseroxylon) fraction 

Reserpine 

Reserpine with rescinnamine 

Tubocurarine 

Veratrum viride (Alkavervir) 

Allantoin (5-Ureidohydantoin) 

2-Aminopurine-6-thiol -' 

Amino acids: 

dl-Acetyltryptophane 

d-Tryptophane 

dl-Tryptophane 

1-Tryptophane 

2-Amino-5-nitrothiazole (Enheptin) 

3-Amino-2-oxazolidinone 

l-m-Aminophenyl-2-pyridone 

♦Antibiotics for human or veterinary use: 

Actidione 

♦Bacitracin 

Carbomycin (Magnamycin) 

Chloramphenicol (Chloromycetin) 

Chlortetracycline (Aureomycin) hydrochloride 

Cycloserine 

♦DIhydrostreptomycin 

Erythromycin 

Fumagillin 

Gramicidin 

♦Neomycin, base 

Novobiocin 

Nystatin 

Oleandomycin 

Oleandomycin, triacetate 

Oxytetracycline (Terramycin) hydrochloride 



ABB, 


HET, HFT. 




ABB, 


HET. 




MRK. 






PD. 






ACY. 






ACY. 






SBR. 






SBR. 






SBR. 






SBR. 






SBR. 






PBS, 


SBR. 




SBR. 






ABB, 


PEN. 




ABB, 


PEN. 




PEN. 






PEN. 






BUR, 


CBP. 




PEN. 






MAL, 


MRK. 




WER. 






HEX, 


SPC. 




SPC. 






EN, 


HEX, SPC. 




PEN. 






ABB, 


PEN. 




HOF. 






RIK. 






PEN. 






PFZ. 






OMS. 






PEN, 


RIK. 




FIN, 


HFT. 




BUR. 






SDW. 






DOW. 






SDW. 






SDW. 






ACY. 






NOR. 






BPC. 






UP J. 






COM, 


PBS, PEN, 


PFZ. 


PFZ. 






PD. 






ACY. 






COM, 


PFZ. 




ACY, 


LIL, MRK, 


OMS, PFZ. 


ABB, 


COM, LIL. 




ABB. 






PEN. 






ACY, 


MRK, OMS, 


PEN, PFZ, UPJ 


MRK, 


X. 




OMS. 






PFZ. 






PFZ. 






PFZ. 







MEDICINALS 



113 



TABLE 13B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC--Continued 
Alicyclic and Heterocyclic— Continued 

•Antibiotics for human or veterinary use — Continued 
•Penicillin salts: 

Benzathine penicillin G 

Benzathine penicillin V 

Chloroprocaine penicillin 

Hydrabamine penicillin V 

Penicillin V 

*Potassium penicillin G 

•Potassium penicillin V 

•Potassium x -phenoxyethyl penicillin 

•Procaine penicillin G 

Sodium penicillin G 

Sodium penicillin 

Polymixin B sulfate 

Spontin 

•Streptomycin 

•Tetracycline 

Thiostrepton 

Tyrothricin 

Viomycin 

Other 

•Antibiotics for animal feed supplements, food preservation, 
and crop spraying: 

Aterrimin 

•Bacitracin 

Chlortetracycline (Aureomycin) hydrochloride 

Hygromycin B 

Oxytetracycline (Terramycin) 

Penicillin salts: 

Benzathine penicillin G 

Potassium penicillin G 

•Procaine penicillin G 

Streptomycin 

All other 

•Antihistamines : 

2-(3enzhydryloxy)-N,N-dimethylethylamine 8-chloro- 
theophyllinate . 

2-[ Benzyl (2-dimethylaminoethyl)amino]pyridine citrate 

2-[ Benzyl (2-dimethylaminoethyl) amino] pyridine hydro- 
chloride . 
2-[ l-(p-3romophenyl) -3-dimethylaminopropyl] pyridine 

(Parabromolylamine) maleate. 
l-(A-Chlorobenzhydryl) -<V-methylpiperazine hydrochloride- - 
2-[p-Chloro-a-(2-dimethylaminoethoxy)benzyl] pyridine 

maleate. 
l-(p-Chloro^i-phenylbenzyl)-4-(p-tertbutylbenzyl)- 
piperazine dihydrochloride . 
*2-[l-(p-Chlorophenyl) -3-dimethylaminopropyl] pryidine 
maleate (Chlorophenylpyr id amine maleate). 

l-(p-Chlorophenyl)-2-phenyl-<i-pyTrolidyl-2-butanol 

1- (p-Chlorophenyl) -2-phenyl-A-pyrrolidyl-l-butene 

diphosphate and hydrochloride. 
1- (p-Chlorophenyl) -2-phenyl-4-pyrrolidyl-l-butene 

hydrobromide . 
2- [a - ( 2-Dimethylaminoetho3cy ) -tx-methylbenzyl]pyridine 
succinate (2-(Methyl-2'-dimethylaminoethoxybenzyl) 
pyridine succinate) (Decapryn succinate). 
2- [( 2-Dimethylaminoethyl-p-methoxybenzyl ) amino] pyridine 

maleate. 
2- [ ( 2-Dimethylaminoethyl-p-methoxybenzyl ) amino]pyrimidine 
Ui,N-Dimethyl-N'-p-methoxybenzyl-N,2-pyrimidylethylene- 
diamine) . 
2- [(2-Dimethylaminoethyl)thenylamino] pyridine fumarate 
(N,N-Dimethyl-N ',2-pyridyl-N ',2-thenylethylenediamine 
fumarate) . 
2- [ ( 2-Dimethylaminoethyl ) thenylamino] pyridine hydro- 
chloride (N,N-Dimethyl-N',2-pyTidyl-N',2-thenyl- 
ethylenediamine hydrochloride). 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PFZ, 
WYT. 
UP J. 
ABB. 
LIL. 



BRS, LIL, MRK, OMS, PFZ, WYT. 
LIL. 



ABB, 


BRS, 


LIL, 


MRK, 


OMS, 


PFZ, WYT 


MRK, 


OMS, 


PFZ. 








UPJ. 












PFZ. 












ABB. 












ACY, 


LIL, 


MRK, 


OMS, 


PFZ. 




ACY, 


BRS, 


PFZ. 








OMS. 












PEN. 












PFZ. 












ACY, 


BRS, 


LIL, 


MRK, 


OMS. 




BIF. 












COM, 


GPR, 


PBS, 


PEN. 






ACY. 












LIL. 












PFZ. 












PFZ. 












PFZ. 












ABB, 


COM, 


LIL, 


MRK, 


OMS, 


PFZ. 


MRK, 


PFZ. 










MRK. 












SRL. 












CBP. 












CBP. 












SCH. 












ABB, 


BUR. 










SCH. 












PFZ. 












HEX, 


SCH, 


X. 








LIL. 












LIL. 












LIL. 












BKC. 












MRK. 












NEP. 












ABB, 


'.:.:. 










ABB 


SDW 











114 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 13B. —Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, i959--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Alicyclic and He terocyc I ic--Continued 

"Antihistamines --Continued 

2- [ ( 2-Dimethylaminoethyl ) thenylamino] pyridine o- ( p- 

hydroxybenzoyl)benzoate. 
N-(2 '-Dimethylamino-2'-methyl)ethylphenothiazine hydro- 
chloride. 

*2- [3-(Dimethylamino) -1-phenylpropyl] pyridine maleate 

N,N-Dimethyl-N'-(2-pyridyl)-N'-(5-cnloro-2-thenyl)- 
ethylenediamine citrate. 

Phenind amine 

Antipyrine (l,5-Dimethyl-2-phenyl-3-pyrazolone) 

Barbituric acid 

Barbituric acid, sodium salt 

*Barbituric acid derivatives: 

5-Allyl-5-sec-butylbarbituric acid 

5-Allyl-5-(2-cyclopenten-l-yl)barbituric acid and salt 
(Cyclopal). 

5-Allyl-5-isobutylbarbituric acid and salt 

*5-Allyl-5-(l-methylbutyl)barbituric acid (Secobarbital) 
and salt. 
5-Allyl-5-(l-methylbutyl)-2-thiobarbituric acid, sodium 

salt (Thiamylal). 
dl-5-Allyl-l-methyl-5-(l-methyl-2-pentynyl) barbituric 
acid and salt. 

5-sec-Butyl-5-ethylbarbituric acid 

5-sec-Butyl-5-ethylbarbituric acid, sodium salt 

5-(l-Cyclohexen-l-yl)-l,5-dimethylbarbituric acid 

(Evipal). 
5-(l-Cyclohexen-l-yl)-l,5-dimethylbarbituric acid, sodium 
salt. 

5-(l-Cyclohexen-l-yl)-5-ethylbarbituric acid and salt 

5,5-Diallylbarbituric acid (Dial) 

5,5-Diethylbarbituric acid (Barbital) 

5,5-Diethylbarbituric acid, sodium salt 

5-Ethyl-5-isoamylbarbituric acid and salt (Amytal) 

5-Ethyl-5-isopropylbarbituric acid and salt 

5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-l-butenyl)barbituric acid (Delvinal)- 
*5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-n-butyl)barbituric acid (Pento- 
barbital). 
*5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-n-butyl)barbiturie acid, sodium salt- 
5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-n-butyl)-2-thiobarbituric acid and 

salt (Pentothal). 
5-Ethyl-l-methyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid (Mephobarbital)- 

5-Ethyl-5-n-pentylbarbituric acid, sodium salt 

*5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid (Phenobarbital) (Luminal) 

»5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid, sodium salt 

2-Thiobarbituric acid 

1 - [2- ( Benzylcarbamoyl ) ethyl] -2-isonicotinoylhydrazine 

3-Benzyl-3,4-dihydro-6-(trifluoromethyl)-2H-l,2,4—benzo- 
thiadiazine-7-sulfonamide, 1,1-dioxide ( Benzhydrof lu- 
me thiazide) . 

2-Benzyl-2-imidazoline (Tolazoline) hydrochloride 

l-Benzyl-2-(5-methyl-3-isoxazolalcarbonyl) hydrazine 

3-Benzylthiomethyl-6-chloro-2H-l,2,4-benzothiadiazine-7- 
sulfonamide, 1,1-dioxide. 
"Bile acids and salts: 

Bilirubin 

Bilron 

Cholic acid 

"Dehydrocholic acid 

Desoxycholic acid 

"Ketocholanic acids 

Mixed oxidized bile acids 

"Bromocamphor, mono- 

4-[3 -p -Butoxyphenoxy ] propylmorphol ine hydrochloride 

( Pyramoxine ) . 
a-Butyloxycinchoninic acid diethylethylenediamide and 
hydrochloride (Nupercaine). 

"Caffeine, natural 

"Caffeine, synthetic 



>l, WYT. 



HEX, 


SCH, 


X. 




MON. 








HOF. 








DOW. 








ABB, 


KF. 






ABB. 








SDW. 








GAN. 








GAN. 








BPC, 


GAN, 


LIL. 




PD. 








LIL. 








ABB, 


BPC, 


GAN. 




ABB, 


BPC, 


GAN. 




SDW. 








SDW. 








SDW. 








GAN. 








GAN, 


LIL. 






GAN. 








BPC, 


GAN, 


LIL. 




ABB. 








X. 








ABB, 


BPC, 


GAN. 




ABB, 


BPC, 


GAN. 




ABB, 


BPC. 






SDW. 








BPC. 








ABB, 


BPC, 


GAN, 


MAL, SDW 


BPC, 


GAN, 


MAL, 


SDW. 


EK. 








PFZ. 








QMS. 








SPC. 








HOF. 








PFZ. 








PFN. 








LIL. 








ARP, 


DRG, 


SRL, 


WIL, WTM 


DRG, 


MRK, 


WIL, 


WTM. 


DRG, 


MRK, 


WIL. 




EN, 


MRK, 


SRL, 


WTM. 


ARP, 


WIL. 






DOW, 


MAL, 


PEN. 





GNF, MYW, RB. 
MON, PFZ. 



115 



TABLE 13B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1 959 --Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
AUcyclic and Heterocyclic- -Continued 

Caffeine derivatives, natural and synthetic: 
^Caffeine citrate 

Caffeine sodium benzoate 

Camphor, synthetic, U.S.P 

Camphoric acid 

Camphoric anhydride 

Camphosulfonic acid 

Camphosulfonic acid, calcium salt 

Carboxymethylcellulose, sodium salt 

N- [3-(Carboxymethylmercaptomercuri ) -2-methoxypropyl] 

a-camphoramate, disodium salt. 

Cellulose, oxidized 

7-Chloro-4- (4-diethylamino-l-methylbutyliwi no ) quinoline 

(Aralen) . 
6-Chloro-3,4-dihydro-2H-l,2,<i-benzothiadiazine-7-sulfon- 

amide 1,1-dioxide. 
7-Chloro-^-(4-[ethyl(2-hydroxyethyl) amino] -1-methylbutyl- 

amino) quinoline sulfate. 

*5-Chloro-7-iodo-8-quinolinol (Iodochlorohydroxyquinoline) 

2-(i-Chlorophenyl)tetrahydro-3-methyl-4K-l,3-thiazin-'i-one 

1,1-dioxide. 

4-(7-Chloro-4-quinolylamino)-a-diethylamino-o-cresol 

2-Chlorothiophene 

Coenzyme A 

Cozymase 

a-Cyclohexyl-a-phenyl-1-piperidinepropanol 

Cyclopentanol : — 

Cyclopentyl bromide 

l-Cyclopentyl-2-methylpropylamine (Cyclopent amine) 

hydrochloride . 
a-Cyclopentyl-2-thiophenylglycolic acid, 2-diethylaminoethyl 

ester methobromide . 

Cytosine 

Dextran 

2,4-Diamino-5-(p-chlorophenyl)-6-ethylpyrim1dine 

l,3-Dibromo-5,5-dimethylhydantoin 

4,7-Dichloroquinoline 

Diethylaminocarbethoxybicyclohexyl (Dicyclomine) hydro- 
chloride (Bentyl hydrochloride). 
6-(2-Diethylaminoethoxy)-2-dimethylaminobenzothiazole 

hydrochloride . 
l-Diethylcarbamyl-4-methylpiperazine dihydrogen citrate 

(Hetrazan) . 

*Dihydrocodeinone bitartrate 

Dihydrohydroxycodeinone hydrochloride 

3,5-Diiodo-N-methyl-<i-pyridone-2,6-dicarboxylic acid 

3,5-Diiodo-4-pyridone-N-acetic acid, diethanolamine 

»5,7-Diiodo-8-quinolinol 

6,7-Dimethoxy-l-(^-ethoxy-3-methoxybenzyl)-3-methylquinoline 

phosphate (Dioxyline phosphate). 
3-(3-Dimethylaminopropyl) -1,3,8, 8-tetramethylazoniabicyclo- 

[3,2,1] octane, methyl sulfate, methosulfate. 

p,a-Dimethylbenzyl camphorate, diethanolamine salt 

N,a-Dimethylcyclohexane-ethylamine (l-Cyclohexyl-2-methyl- 

aminopropane ) . 
6-Dimethyl-2-[2-(2,5-dimethyl-l-phenyl-3-pyrrolyl) vinyl] -1- 

methylquinolinium chloride dihydrate. 
N,N-Dimethyl-4-piperidylidene-l,l-diphenylme thane, methyl 

sulfate (Diphenmethanil methyl sulfate). 

5,5-Diphenylhydantoin 

5,5-Diphenylhydantoin, sodium salt 

5-Ethyl-3,5-dimethyl-2,4-oxazolidinedione 

5-Ethyl-10,10-diphenylphenarsazine 

Ethyl l-methyl-4-phenylisonipecotate (Demarol) 

3-Ethyl-5-phenylhydantoin 

N-Ethyl-3-piperidyl benzilate methobromide 

N-Ethyl-3-piperidyl diphenylacetate hydrochloride 

Ethynyl cyclohexyl carbamate (Valmid) 

Fructose (Levulose) 



MAL, MRK, PFZ. 

MAL. 

DUP, HNW. 

FIN, PYL. 

FIN, PYL. 

PYL. 

FIN. 

CBP. 

WYT. 

EKT. 
SDW. 

CBP, MRK. 

SDW. 

CBP, LEM, MIL. 
SDW. 

PD. 

GAM. 

PBS. 

PBS. 
SDW. 
LIL. 
LIL. 
LIL. 

SDW. 

KF. 

COM. 

BUR. 

DRG. 

PD. 

BKC. 

HOF. 

ACY. 

EN, MAL, MRK, PEN. 

EN. 

SCH. 

SDW. 

LEM, MIL, PYL, RSA, SRL. 

LIL. 

WYT. 

SPC. 
SK. 



SCH. 

PD. 

HEX, PD, PYL. 

ABB. 

MRK. 

SDW, WYT. 

ABB. 

LKL. 

LKL. 

LIL. 

DLL 



n6 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 13B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 --Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC --Continued 
Alicyclic and He terocyc I tc- -Continued 

Galactose 

Glucose -6-phosphate, barium salt and sodium salt 

Glucuronolactone 

1-Hexadecylpyridinium chloride 

Hexamethylenetetramine 

Hexamethylenetetramine anhydromethylene citrate (Helmitol)- 

Hexamethylenetetramine mandelate 

Hexo kinase 

Hexosediphosphoric acid salts: 

Barium and magnesium salts 

Calcium hexosediphosphate 

■"■Hormones ( steroid ) : 

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) 

Allopregnane-3,ll,20-trione 

Dexamethasone 

Dexamethasone acetate 

Dexamethasone alcohol 

Dienediol 

Estrogenic substance 

Estrone, natural, equine 

Fluorocortisone 

9-cc-Fluorohydrocortisone acetate 

Fluoxymesterone 

•Hydrocortisone alcohol and acetate 

Hydrocortisone diethylaminoacetate hydrochloride 

*17-Hydroxy-ll-dehydrocorticosterone (Cortisone) and 
acetate. 

11-a-Hydroxyprogesterone 

Methylandrostenediol 

Methylprednisolone 

Methyltestosterone 

•Prednisolone 

•Prednisone 

Progesterone 

Sitosterol B 

Testosterone 

Testosterone propionate 

Triamcinolone 

Trienediol 

1-Hydrazinonaphthalazine hydrochloride 

3-Hydroxy-l-methylpyridinium bromide dimethylcarbamate 

8-Hydroxyquinoline-5-sulfonic acid 

4,5-Imidazoledicarboxamide (Glycarbylamide) 

2-Iodoethyl-l,3-dioxolane -^-methanol 

Isonicotinic acid hydrazide 

l-Isonicotinyl-2-isopropylhydrazine phosphate 

Maltose 

(3 -Menthof uran 

Menthyl salicylate 

homo-Menthyl salicylate 

6-Mercaptopurine 

(i-Methoxy-Y-hydroxymercuric propylamide of camphoric acid, 
sodium salt with theophylline (Mercupurin) . 

Methoxyoximercuripropylsuccinyl urea 

2-(p-Methoxyphenyl)-l,3-indandione 

2-Methylbenzothiazole 

Methylcholanthrene 

Methyl dehydromorphinone 

3,3' -MethylenebIs[4-hydroxycoumarin] (Dicumarol) 

Methyl nicotinate 

3-Methyl-2-phenylmorpholine hydrochloride (Preludin) 

N-Methyl-3-piperidylbenzilate methobromide 

N-Methylpiperidyl-3-methylphenothiazine hydrochloride 
hydrate . 

3-(2-Methyl-l-piperidyl)propyl benzoate (Metycaine) 

3 - ( 2 -Methyl -1 -piper idyl ) propyl p -cyclohexyloxybenzoate 

2-Methyl-3-o-tolyl-<i(3H)-quinazolinone 

l-Methyl-2-undecyl-3-benzylimidazolium bromide 



PFN. 

SBR. 

CRN. 

HEX, x. 

HN. 

SDW. 

NEP. 

PBS. 

SBR. 
SBR. 

ARP, ORG, WIL. 

UP J. 

MRK. 

SCH. 

SCH. 

UP J. 

ORG. 

ORG. 

MRK. 

UP J. 

UP J. 

MRK, PFZ, UPJ. 

PFZ. 

MRK, SCH, UPJ. 

UPJ. 

SRL. 

x. 

CBP, SRL. 

MRK, PFZ, UPJ. 

MRK, SCH, UPJ. 

SRL, x. 

UPJ. 

SRL. 

SRL. 

ACY, OMS. 

UPJ. 

CBP. 

HOF. 

LEM. 

MRK. 

x. 

NEP. 

HOF. 

PFN. 

x. 

FBS. 

FBS. 

BUR. 

FIN. 

LKL. 

SCH. 

FMT. 

EK. 

MAL. 

ABB, FIN. 

NEP. 

GGY. 

LKL. 

NEP. 

LIL. 
LIL. 
BPC. 
LIL. 



TABLE 13B. 



■ Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, i959--Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Alicyclic and Heterocyclic— Continued 

5-(4-Morpholinomethyl)-3-(5-nitrofurfurylideneamino)-2- 

oxazolidinone . 
2-(l-Naphthylmethyl)-2-imidazoline (Privine) hydrochloride 

Nikethamide (Coramine) 

5-Nitro-2-furaldehyde diacetate 

5-Nitro-2-furaldehyde semicarbazone (Furacin) 

5-Nitro-2-furfurylidene-l-aminohydantoin (Furadantin) 

N-(5-Nitro-2-furfurylidene)-3-amino-2-oxazolidene 

Novalgin (l-Phenyl-2,3-dimethyl-t-methylamino-5-pyrazolone 
formaldehyde bisulfite). 

Nucleic acid 

Nucleic acid salts 

Papaverine hydrochloride, synthetic 

Phenothiazine 

a-Phenylcyclohexaneglycolic acid, l-methyl-l,4,5,6-tetra- 

hydro-2-pyrimidinemethanol ester. 
1-Phenylcyclopentylcarboxylic acid, 2-(2-diethylamino- 
ethoxy) ethyl ester. 

2-Phenyl-l,3-diketohydrindane 

Phytic acid 

Phytic acid, calcium salt 

Piperazine 

*Piperazine derivatives: 

N-Benzhydryl-N 1 -methylpiperazine base and hydrochloride- 
N-(|3-Cyclohexyl-|3-hydroxy-fi-phenyl)ethyl-N'-methyl- 
piperazine methosulf ate . 

Dimethylaminoethyl-'i-methylpiperazine 

N-(P,p -Diphenyl-ji-hydroxy)ethyl-N' -methylpiperazine 
dihydrochloride . 

Methyl-N-methyl-N-piperazine acetate 

N-Methylpiperazine 

Piperazine adipate 

Piperazine calcium ethylenediamine tetraacetate (Perin)- 

Piperazine carbon disulfide 

Piperazine citrate 

Piperazine dihydrochloride 

Piperazine hydrochloride 

Piperazine phosphate 

Piperazine tartrate 

sym-N-Tetramethylpiperazine diiodide 

Piperazine hexahydrate 

6-Propyl-2-thiouracil 

2-Pyridinemethanol tartrate 

Pyridium (2,6-Diamino-3-phenylazopyridine) 

Quinacrine (Atebrin) (2-Methoxy-6-chloro-9-diethylamino- 

pentylaminoacridine) . 
8-Quinolinol (8-Hydroxyquinoline) salts and esters: 

*8-Quinolinol base 

8-Quinolinol benzoate 

8-Quinolinol citrate 

*8-Quinolinol sulfate (Quinosol) 

Rutin 

Terpinol hydrate 

dl-2-(l,2,3,4-Tetrahydro-l-naphthyl)-2-imidazoline hydro- 
chloride . 
Theobromine derivatives: 

Theobromine calcium gluconate 

Theobromine sodium acetate 

Theobromine sodium salicylate 

^Theophylline ( 1,3 -Dime thy lxanthine) base and derivatives: 

Theophylline aminoisobutanol 

Theophylline, anhydrous 

Theophylline base ■ 

Theophylline cholinate 

theophylline ethylenediamine (Aminophylline) 

Theophylline ethylenediamine, sodium biphosphate 

Theophylline methoxyoximercuripropyl succinylurea 

Theophylline sodium acetate 

2-Thiouracil 



ORT. 




CBP, 


PYL. 


NOR. 




NOR. 




NOR. 




TOR. 




SDW. 




SBR. 




SBR. 




LIL. 




CLV. 




PFZ. 




PFZ. 




BKC. 




STA. 




STA. 




JCC, 


UCC. 


BUR. 




ABB. 




UCC. 




ABB. 




ABB. 




JCC, 


UCC. 


JCC. 




EN. 




BRK. 




JCC, 


PYL, RSA. 


JCC, 


PYL. 


JCC. 




BUR, 


JCC. 


PYL. 




PYL. 




JCC. 




ACY, 


PYL. 


HOF. 




HOF, 


NEP. 


SDW. 




GAM, 


LEM, MTL. 


GAM. 




GAM. 




GAM, 


LEM, MTL 


LEM, 


PEN. 


LEM, 


PEN. 


PFZ. 




WTM. 




MAL. 




CLC, 


MAL. 


CAN. 




GAN. 




LEM, 


MAL. 


NEP. 




GAN 


LEM, SRL 


GAN. 




LKL. 




GAN 


MAL. 


ACY 





118 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 13B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



MEDICINAL, CYCLIC— Continued 

Alicyclic and Heterocyclic "Continued 

Thymidine 

•Tranquilizers (including benzenoid): 

l-p-Chlorobenzhydrol-4- [2-(2-hydroxyethoxy)ethyl] - 

piperazine (Hydroxyzine) dihydrochloride . 
l-(p-Chlorobenzhydryl)-4.-[2-(2-hydroxyethoxy)ethyl] - 

diethylenediamine dihydrochloride. 
2-Chloro-10-( 3-d imethylaminopropyl) phenothiazine 

( Chlorpromazine ) hydrochloride. 
2-Chloro-10- (3-[ U- ( 2-hydroxyethyl ) piperazinyl] propyl ) - 

phenothiazine. 
2-Cnloro-10-[3-(l-methyl-4-piperazinyl')propyl]pheno- 
thiazine dimaleate. 

2-(p-Chlorophenyl)-3-methyl-2,3-butanediol 

10- (Y-Dimethylaminopropyl) phenothiazine (Promazine) 
hydrochloride . 

2-Ethyl-3-propylglycidamide (Quiactin) 

a-(4-Piperidyl)benzhydrol (Azocyclonol) hydrochloride t — 
6-(Trifluoromethyl)-l,2,<i-benzothiadiazine-7-sulfonamide, 

1,1-dioxide. 
2-Trifluoromethyl-10-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) phenothiazine 
(Triflupromazine) hydrochloride. 

3,5,5-Trimethyl-2,4-oxazolidinedione (Tridione) 

Triphosphopyridine nucleotide 

3-Tropanol (Tropine) 

Tropine benzhydryl ether methanesulfonate 

Uric acid 

Uridine 

Uridine triphosphate 

l-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone iodine complex monomer 

*Vitamins : 

•A, from all sources: 

A acetate 

A acetate (feed grade) 

A alcohol 

A esters (natural) 

A palmitate 

A palmitate (feed supplement) 

P -Carotene 

*B X (Thiamine derivatives): 

(Thiamine hydrochloride) 

(Thiamine nitrate) 

(Riboflavin-5 -phosphate, monosodium salt) (lOOjt)^ 

•(Riboflavin for human consumption) (100$) 

•(Riboflavin for animal and poultry consumption) 

*B 6 (Pyridoxine) 

*B 12 , 100$: 

Feed grade 

Pharmaceutical quality 

U.S. P. Crystalline 

*£>2 (Irradiated ergosterol) (Calciferol) 

*Dj (Irradiated animal sterol) (Delsterol) 

E (a -Tocopherol) 

E ( a-Tocopherol acetate) 

Biotin 

»Folic acid 

Inositol 

•Niacin (Nicotinic acid) 

•Niacinamide 

•Nicotinic acid (animal feed) 

Sodium nicotinate 

Xylose 

MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC 

Acetylcarbromal (l-Acetyl-3-(2-bromo-2-ethylbutyryl)urea) — 

Acetylcholine bromide 

Acetylcholine chloride 

Acety Methionine 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



SBR. 

PFZ. 

.. 

SK. 

SCH. 

SK. 

LIL. 

wyt. 

BKC. 
BKC. 
CMS. 



ABB. 
PBS. 
HEX. 



SBR. 
PBS. 
GAF. 



CW, EK, HOF, MRK, PFZ. 

HOF, PFZ. 

CW. 

EK. 

EK, HOF, MRK, PFZ. 

EK, HOF, PFZ. 

HOF. 

HOF, MRK. 
HOF, MRK. 

HOF. 

GPR, HOF, MRK. 

COM, GPR, HOF, MRK, PBS. 

ACY, HOF, MRK. 

BIF, COM, GPR, MRK, PBS, PFZ. 

BIF, MRK. 

MRK. 

DGS, 

DGS, 

HOF. 

HOF. 

HOF. 

ABB, ACY, SCR, UP J 

STA. 

ABB, 

ABB, 

CKL, 

MRK. 

PFN. 



DLI, GNM, SDW, VTM. 
DLI, NOP, VTM. 



ACP, HFT, KPT, MRK, NOP. 

MRK, NEP, SCR. 

KPT. 



MRK. 
DOW, USI. 



MEDICINALS 



119 



TABLE 13B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, i959--Continued 



MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 



Acetyl -p -methylcholine chloride 

♦Amino acids: 

dl- Alanine ( dl-cc -Alanine ) 

♦P-Alanine 

dl-Aspartic acid 

1-Cysteine hydrochloride 

Glutamic acid and salts: 

l(+) -Glutamic acid 

l(+)-Glutamic acid, calcium salt 

♦l(+) -Glutamic acid hydrochloride 

l(+)-Glutamic acid, monoammonium salt 

l(+)-Glutamic acid, monopotassium salt 

l(+)-Glutamine 

Glycine (Aminoacetic acid) 

Glycine hydrochloride 

2-Hydroxy-<V-(methylthio)butyric acid, calcium salt 

1-Isoleucine 

dl- Leucine 

1-Leucine 

♦1( + ) -Lysine hydrochloride 

dl-Methionine - 

Methionine (animal-feed grade) 

dl -Threonine 

dl-Valine - - 

1 -Valine— - 

Amino acid mixtures 

Amyl nitrite (Isoamyl nitrite) 

Betaine base 

♦Betaine hydrochloride 

Bromoform (Tribromome thane) 

Calcium lactophosphate 

Calcium succinate 

Carbromal (Bromodiethylacetylcarbamide) 

♦Chloretone (tert-Trichlorobutyl alcohol) 

3-Chloromercuri-2-methoxypropylurea 

p-Chlorovinylethylethynyl carbinol 

♦Choline compounds: 

Choline bicarbonate 

Choline bitartrate 

♦Choline chloride, for animal and poultry feed and for 
use as a chemical. 

Choline chloride, medicinal grade only 

Choline dihydrogen citrate—. 

Choline tricitrate 

Diallylacetic acid 

3-Diethylamino-2,2-dimethylpropanol acid ester phosphate — 

Di(2-ethyLhexyl) sulf osucc inate 

2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutyric acid garnmn -lactone 

2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutyric acid gamma-lactone, 
racemic. 

Di vinyl ether 

Ethyl carbamate (Urethane) 

2-Ethyl-cis-crotonylurea 

Ethylenediamine diiodide 

Ethyl iodide - '— — 

Ethyl nitrite — — 

♦Gluconic acid salts: 

Ammonium gluconate 

Calcium glucoheptonate 

Calcium gluconate 

•Calcium gluconate borate 

Copper gluconate 

Iron (ferrous) gluconate 

Magnesium gluconate 

Manganese gluconate 

Potassium gluconate 

Sodium gluconate 

Glucono-delta-laetone 

Glucosamine hydrochloride 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



RSA. 

DOW. 
ABB, 
ACF. 
PUL. 

GNM, 

LEM. 

GNM, 

x. 

IMC. 

IMC. 

BPC, 

EK. 

DUP, 

DOW. 

DOW. 

ST A. 

DUP, 

DOW, 

DUP. 

SDW. 

DOW. 

SBR. 

CUT, 

MAL. 

HFT. 

HFT, 

DOW. 

MAL. 

LEM, 

BKL, 

BPC, 

LKL. 

ABB. 

COM. 
ACY, 
COM, 

HFT. 
ACY, 
ACY. 
x. 

HOF. 
ACY. 



MRK. 

FMP. 

MLS. 

PYL. 

EK, FMT, MAL. 

MAL. 

PFZ. 

PFN. 

MAL, PFZ. 

FIN. 

PFZ. 

PFZ. 

PFZ. 

PFZ. 

PFZ. 

DLI, PFZ. 

PFZ. 

PFZ. 



BFG, NOP. 



HPC, IMC. 
IMC, LEM. 



DOW. 
MON. 



MRK, PFZ. 
DUP, LEM. 



IMC, LEM. 



PEN. 
MLS. 
FBS, PD. 



HFT. 
HFT, x. 



120 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 13B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Medicinals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer , 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 



Glutathione 

Glutathione (oxidized) 

Glycerophosphoric acid 

*Hexamethylenebis[trimethylammonium chloride] (Hexamethonium 
chloride ) . 

2-Hydroxy-4— methylisobutyric acid, calcium salt 

Iodized oils 

Iodoform 

Iodomethanesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Iron (ferrous) oxalate 

Lactic acid salts (medicinal grades only): Iron (ferrous) 
lactate. 

Lecithin 

Magnesium citrate 

Malononitrile 

Methylenecitric acid and salts 

Methylene iodide 

Methyl iodide 

2-Methyl-2-propyl-l,3-propanediol 

Pantolactone (racemic) 

Phosphoglyceric acid 

2-Propylvaleric acid, bismuth salt 

Ribose-5-phosphate, barium salt 

Sodium bismuth triglycolamate 

Sodium succinate 

Sodium tartrate 

Succinylcholine dichloride 

Tetramethylammonium chloride 

Tetramethylammonium hydroxide 

Thiosemicarbazide 

♦Tranquilizers : 2-Methyl-2-n-propyl-l,3-propanediol 
dicarbamate (Meprobamate ) (Equanil) (Miltown) . 

2,2,2-Tribromoethanol 

Triiodoethionic acid 

♦Vitamins: 

*Ascorbic acid and derivatives: 

*Ascorbic acid 

Ascorbic acid, calcium salt 

Ascorbic acid, sodium salt 

Ascorbyl palmitate 

♦Pantothenic acid and derivatives: 

Pantothenic acid 

Pantothenic acid, d-calcium salt 

♦Pantothenic acid, dl-calcium salt 

Pantothenic acid, sodium salt 

d-Pantothenyl alcohol (a,y-Dihydroxy-N-(3-hydroxy- 

propyl) -p ,p -dime thy lbutyr amide ) . 
dl-Pantothenyl alcohol 



SBR. 






SBR. 






HN. 






HEX, 


NEP, 


RSA. 


MON. 






SRL. 






MAL, 


PEN. 




SDW. 






BKL. 






MAL. 






UPJ. 






MAL. 






GAM, 


KF. 




SDW. 






SDW. 






EK, 


MAL. 




ABB, 


BKL. 




ABB, 


CKL, 


UCC. 


SBR. 






X. 






SBR. 






BPC. 






PEN. 






MAL. 






BUR, 


SDW. 




EK. 






RSA. 






FMT. 






ABB, 


BKL, 


FBS, PEN, x. 


SDW. 






SCH. 






HOF, 


MRK, 


PFZ. 


PFZ. 






HOF, 


MRK, 


PFZ. 


PFZ. 






DLL 






ACY, 


MRK, 


PD, x. 


ABB, 


CKL, 


HFT, LIL, MRK, NOP, SCR 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 



Flavor and Perfume Materials 

TABLE 14B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959 

[Flavor and perfume materials for which separate statistics are given in table 14A are marked below with an asterisk 
(*) ; those not so marked do not appear in table L4A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may 
not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x signifies that 
the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC 
Benzenoid and Naphthalenoid 

2' -Acetonaphthone (Methyl p-naphthyl ketone) 

Acetophenone 

7-Acetyl-6-ethyl-l,l,4,4-tetramethyl-l,2,3,4-tetrahydro- 
naphthalene . 

*4-Allylveratrole (Eugenyl methyl ether) 

Anethole (p-Propenylanisole) 

*p-Anisaldehyde (p-Methoxybenzaldehyde) 

Anisole (Methyl phenyl ether) 

Anisyl acetate 

Anisyl alcohol 

*Benzophenone 

♦Benzyl acetate 

♦Benzyl alcohol 

♦Benzyl benzoate 

Benzyl butyrate 

*Benzyl cinnamate 

Benzyl ether 

Benzyl formate 

Benzyl isoeugenyl ether 

Benzyl isopentyl ether 

Benzyl phenylacetate (Benzyl a- toluate) 

♦Benzyl propionate 

Benzyl salicylate 

a-Bromostyrene 

4'-tert-Butyl-2',6'-dimethyl-3' ,5 -dinitroacetophenone 

(Mask ketone) . 
6-tert-Butyl-3-methyl-2,4-dinitroanisole (Musk ambrette)-- 
p-tert-Butyl-a-methylhydrocinnamaldehyde (a-Methyl-P- 

( p-tert -butylphenyl) propionaldehyde ) . 
5-tert-Butyl-l,2,3-trimethyl-4.,6-dinitrobenzene (5-tert- 
Butyl-4,6-dinitrohemimellitene) . 

5-tert-Butyl-2,4,6-trinitro-m-xylene (Musk xylol) 

Carvacrol (2-p-Cymenol) 

♦Cinnamaldehyde 

Cinnamic acid 

Cinnamyl acetate 

♦Cinnamyl alcohol 

Cinnamyl anthranilate 

Cinnamyl cinnamate 

Cinnamyl formate 

Cinnamyl isovalerate 

trans-Decahydro-2-naphthol 

p,a'-Dimethylbenzyl alcohol (p-Methylphenylmethylcarbinol) 

a, a-Dimethylphenethyl acetate 

a,a-Dimethylphenethyl alcohol 

a,a-Dimethyl-3-phenyl-l-propanol 

4-,6-Dinitro-l,l,3,3,5-pentamethylindan 

Diphenylme thane 

2-Ethoxynaphthalene (Ethyl ^-naphthyl ether) 

Ethyl anthranilate 

Ethyl benzoate 

Ethyl cinnamate 

♦Ethyl a,° -epoxy-|3-methylhydrocinnamate 

2-Ethylhexyl salicylate 

Ethyl p-methoxycinnamate 

Ethyl p -phenylglycidate 

Ethyl salicylate 

Ethylvanillin 

♦Eugenol 

Hexylcinnamaldehyde 

Hydratropaldehyde (cc-Phenylpropionaldehyde) 



GIV, 


TBK. 










TBK. 












GIV, 


TBK. 










FBS, 


GIV, 


TBK. 








GLD, 


HNW, 


HPC. 








FBS, 


GIV, 


OPC, 


TBK. 






FBS, 


GIV. 










GIV, 


TBK. 










GIV, 


TBK. 










FBS, 


GIV, 


OPC, 


TBK. 






GIV, 


IFF, 


OPC, 


SHL, 


TBK. 




BPC, 


GIV, 


OPC, 


SHL, 


TBK, TNP. 




GIV, 


MON, 


OPC, 


TBK, 


TNP. 




TBK. 












FBS, 


GIV, 


TBK. 








OPC. 












TBK. 












GIV, 


TBK. 










GIV, 


TBK. 










GIV, 


TBK. 










FB, 


GIV, 


TBK. 








GIV, 


TBK. 










TBK. 












GIV, 


SHL. 










GIV, 


SHL. 










GIV. 












GIV. 












GIV. 












GIV. 












FB, 


FBS, 


GIV, 


OPC, 


TBK. 




BPC. 












TBK. 












GIV, 


NEO, 


TBK. 








FEL, 


GIV. 










TBK. 












FEL. 












TBK. 












IFF. 












GIV. 












GIV, 


IFF, 


TBK. 








IFF. 












IFF, 


TBK. 










GIV. 












TBK. 












GIV, 


TBK. 










FMT. 












TBK. 












TBK. 












FEL, 


GIV, 


TBK 


VPC 






FEL. 












GIV. 












TBK, 


VPC. 










TBK. 












MON. 












FB, 


FBS, 


GIV, 


LUE, 


PEN, RT, TBK, VLY, 


WEB, X 


IFF 


TBK. 










GIV, 


TBK 











122 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 14B. —Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC- -Continued 
Benzenoid and Naphthalenoid- -Continued 

Hydratropaldehyde, dimethyl aoetal 

*Isobutyl phenylacetate (Isobutyl a-toluate) 

*Isobutyl salicylate 

*Isoeugenol 

Isoeugenyl acetate 

*Isopentyl salicylate (Amyl salicylate) 

p-Isopropylbenzaldehyde ( Cumaldehyde) 

*p-Isopropyl-a-methylnydrocinnamaldehyde (Cyclamen alde< 
hyde) . 

*4-Methoxyacetophenone 

2-Methoxynaphthalene (Methyl P-naphthyl ether) 

Methoxyphenylbutanone 

p-Methylacetophenone (Methyl p-tolyl ketone) 

p-Methylanisole (p-Cresyl methyl ether) 

*Methyl anthranilate 

Methyl benzoate 

*a-Methylbenzyl acetate 

p-Methylbenzyl acetate 

*a-Methylcinnamaldehyde 

Methyl cinnamate 

Methyl N-me thy lanthrani late (Dimethyl anthranilate) — 
Methyl phenylacetate (Methyl a-toluate) 

■xMethyl salicylate (Synthetic wintergreen oil) 

*a-Pentylcinnamaldehyde (a-Amylcinnamaldehyde) 

Pentyl phenylacetate 

»Phenethyl acetate 

*Phenethyl alcohol 

Phenethyl formate 

*Phenethyl isobutyrate 

Phenethyl isovalerate 

Phenethyl methacrylate 

*Phenethyl phenylacetate ( Phenethyl a -toluate) 

Phenethyl salicylate 

2-Phenoxyethyl isobutyrate 

Phenylacetaldehyde (a-Tolualdehyde) 

Phenylacetaldehyde, dimethyl acetal 

Phenylacetaldehyde phenylethylene glycol acetal 

o-Phenylanisole ( 2-Methoxybiphenyl) 

4-Phenyl-3-buten-2-one (Benzylidene acetone) 

3-Phenyl-l-propanol (Hydrocinnamic alcohol) 

Phenyl-2-propanone (Benzyl methyl ketone) 

3-Phenyl-l-propyl acetate 

M-Propenylveratrole (Isoeugenyl methyl ether) 

Salicylaldehyde 

l,2,3,6-Tetrahydro-2,3,5-trimethylbenzaldehyde 

p-Tolualdehyde (p-Methylbenzaldehyde) 

p-Tolyl acetate (p-Cresyl acetate) 

p-Tolyl phenylacetate (p-Cresyl a-toluate) 

*a-(Trichloromethyl) benzyl acetate (Rosetone) 

Vanillin 

Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and AUcyclic 

Allyl ionone 

Bornyl acetate 

4-tert-Butylcyclohexyl acetate 

Carvone (Carvol) 

Caryophyllene 

Cedrol 

*Cedryl acetate 

Cineole ( Eucalyptol) 

♦Citral (Geranial) 

Citronellal 

*Citronellol 

♦Citronellyl acetate 

Citronellyl butyrate 

♦Citronellyl formate 

Citronellyl isobutyrate 

*Coumarin 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



GIV. 

FB, GIV, MYW, TBK. 

FB, GIV, TBK. 

GIV, OPC, SHL, TBK, VLY. 

TBK. 

FB, FBS, GIV, TBK. 

GIV, VPC. 

GIV, OPC, TBK, VPC. 



FBS, GIV, 


OPC, TBK. 






GIV, TBK. 








TBK. 








TBK. 








GIV, OPC, 


TBK. 






DOW, GIV, 


MEE, OPC, 


UCC. 




HN, TBK. 








GIV, TBK, 


VLY. 






FBS. 








GIV, VLY, 


VPC. 






FBS, TBK. 








GIV, OPC. 








GIV, TBK. 








DOW, HN, 


JON, PEN. 






GIV, IFF, 


NEO, TBK, 


VLY. 




GIV. 








GIV, IFF, 


NEO, OPC. 






GIV, IFF, 


OPC. 






IFF. 








GIV, IFF, 


RT, TBK. 






FB. 








GIV. 








GIV, IFF, 


TBK. 






IFF, TBK. 








GIV, IFF, 


TBK. 






GIV, TBK. 








GIV, TBK. 








TBK. 








GIV, IFF. 








TBK. 








GIV, TBK. 








TBK. 








GIV, TBK. 








FBS, GIV, 


TBK. 






DOW. 








IFF. 








GIV, HN. 








GIV. 








GIV, TBK. 








FBS, OPC, 


TBK. 






MON, MYW, 


SLV. 






GIV, TBK. 








FEL. 








IFF. 








FB, FRM, 


OPC, PEN. 






FB, GIV. 








GIV, IFF, 


TBK, VLY. 






GIV, IFF, 


TBK, x. 






OPC. 








FB, GIV, 


LUE, NEO, 


RT, TBK, x. 




FB, GIV, 


TBK. 






FB, FBS, 


GIV, GLD, 


IFF, SHL, TBK, 


VLY 


GIV, IFF 


OPC, TBK, 


VLY. 




GIV. 








GIV, IFF 


TBK. 






GIV, TBK 








DOW, MON 


NEO, TBK 







FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 



123 



TABLE 14B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



FLAVOR AMD PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC--Continued 
Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and A I icyc lie- -Continued 

Cyclohexadecanolide 

Cyclopentanol 

Cyclopentanone 

Dihydrosafrole 

Dihydroterpinyl acetate 

*Ethyl oxyhydrate 

*Geraniol 

*Geranyl acetate--—- 

Geranyl butyrate 

Geranyl formate 

Geranyl phenylacetate (Geranyl a- toluate) 

2-Hexyl-2-cyclopenten-l-one 

*Hydrocoumarin (3,4-Dihydrocoumarin) 

*Hydroxycitronellal 

•Hydroxycitronellal, dimethyl acetal 

16-Hydroxy-6 -7-hexadecenoic acid, lactone 

Indole 

*Ionones : 

*a- Ionone 

P-Ionone 

Ionone (a- and P-) 

Isobomeol (Isobornyl alcohol) 

Isobornyl acetate 

Isobutylfuryl propionate 

Isobutylquinoline 

Isopropylquinoline 

Isopulegol 

Isosafrole 

d-Limonene 

*Linalool 

»Linalyl acetate 

Linalyl benzoate 

Linalyl cinnamate 

Linalyl isobutyrate 

Linalyl propionate 

*Menthol, synthetic: 

*Tech 

*U.S.P— — ■ 

*Menthone 

Menthyl acetate 

6-Methylcoumarin 

*Methylionones: 

Methyl-a-ionone 

Methyl-p -ionone 

Methylionone (a- and 3-) 

Me thy 1-6- ionone 

Methyl-Y-ionone 

Neomenthol 

Neomenthyl acetate 

*Nerol 

Nopyl acetate 

Phellandrene 

»Piperonal (Heliotropin) 

*Rhodinol 

Rhodinyl acetate 

Rhodinyl formate 

*Safrole 

Santalol 

Santalyl acetate 

•Sweeteners, synthetic: 

Cyclohexanesulfamic acid, calcium salt 

Cyclohexanesulfamic acid, sodium salt 

Saccharin 

Saccharin, calcium salt 

Saccharin, sodium salt 

*Terpineols: 

a-Terpineol 

p-Terpineol 

Terpineol (a- and P-) 



FLO, LUE, RT, VND, VPC. 
GIV, GLD, IFF, SHX, TBK, VLY. 
FEL, GIV, IFF, TBK, VLY. 

TBK, VLY. 
TBK. 

GIV, OPC, TBK. 
NEO, TBK, VLY. 
GIV, TBK. 



IFF, MYW, TBK. 
MYW, NEO, TBK. 
IFF, LUE, MYW, NEO, TBK, VLY, x. 



IFF. 

ARA. 

ARA. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

FEL, 

FB, 

FB, 

GIV. 

GIV, 

GIV, 

IFF. 

FBS, 

GIV, 

FB, 

IFF. 

GIV. 

GIV, 

GIV, 

GIV, 

TBK. 

GIV, 

VPC. 

IFF. 

FMT. 

GIV, 

GIV, 

FLA, 

FB, 

FB, 

FMT. 

TBK. 

GIV, 

FB, 

FBS, 

GIV, 

GIV, 

FB, 

GIV. 

GIV, 

MYW. 

GIV, 

TBK. 

TBK. 

GLD. 

GLD. 

FB, GLD, IFF, TBK. 

DOW. 

FBS. 

GIV, 

FB, 

FB, 

GIV, 

FB, 

GIVj 

GIV. 



OPC, TBK, x. 



VLY. 
OPC. 
RT, x. 

FEL, GIV, GLD, HOF, IFF, NEO, TBK. 
GIV, GLD, HOF, LUE, NEO, TBK, x. 



TBK. 
TBK. 

GIV, GLD, NEO, SHL. 
GLD, HNW, NEO, SHL. 
GLD, HNW. 
GIV. 



IFF, MYW. 

IFF, MYW, NEO, TBK, VLY, x. 



PEN, SHL, TBK. 
FEL, GIV, IFF, SHL. 
GIV, IFF. 

IFF. 
FLO, GIV, OPC, PEN, TBK. 

IFF. 



ABB, 
ABB, 
MEE, 

MEE. 
MEE, 

GLD, 
HNW. 
GIV. 



DUP. 
DUP. 
MON. 

MON. 

HNW, HPC. 



124 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 14B.- 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by nmnufacturer , 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and Alicyc lie— Continued 

Terpinol hydrate (Terpin hydrate), tech 

*Terpinyl acetate 

Terpinyl propionate 

3,5,5-Trimethylcyclohexanol 

Vetivenol 

*Vetivenyl acetate 

FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC 

Allyl heptanoate (Allyl enanthate) 

*Allyl hexanoate (Allyl caproate) 

Allyl isothiocyanate (Synthetic mustard oil) 

Allyl sulfide (Diallyl sulfide) 

2,3-Butanedione (Biacetyl) 

Butyl butyrate 

Butyl isovalerate 

Butyrone (Di-n-propyl ketone) 

Decanal (Capraldehyde) (Cio) 

Diethyl sebacate (Ethyl sebacate) 

Diethyl succinate 

2,6-Dlmethyl-2-heptenal 

3,6-Dimethyl-3-octanol 

Dimethyl succinate 

Dodecyl acetate (Lauryl acetate) 

*Ethyl butyrate 

Ethyl decanoate (Ethyl caprate) 

Ethyl heptanoate (Ethyl enanthate) 

*Ethyl hexanoate (Ethyl caproate) 

Ethyl isovalerate 

Ethyl laurate 

Ethyl nonanoate (Ethyl pelargonate) 

Ethyl octanoate (Ethyl caprylate) 

Glutamic acid, monopotassium salt 

■^Glutamic acid, monosodium salt (Monosodium glutamate)- 

Heptanal (Enanthaldehyde) (C7) 

Heptyl alcohol (Heptanol) 

Heptyl ether (Enanthic ether) 

3-Hydroxy-2-butanone ( Acetoin) 

4-Hydroxynonanoic acid, Y -lactone (Y-Nonalactone) 

4-Hydroxyoctanoic acid, Y -lactone (Y -Octalactone) 

*4-Hydroxyundecanoic acid, Y -lactone (Y-Undecalactone)' 
Isobutyl acetate 

*Isopentyl butyrate (Amyl butyrate) 

Isopentyl formate (Amyl formate) 

Isopentyl heptanoate (Amyl caproate) 

Isopentyl isovalerate (Amyl isovalerate) 

Lauraldehyde (Dodecyl aldehyde) (C12) 

6-Methyl-5-hepten-2-one 

2-Methylundecanal (2-Methylnonylacetaldehyde) 

Nonanal ( Pelargonaldehyde) (C9) 

Octanal (Caprylaldehyde) (Cg) 

n-Octyl acetate 

*n-0ctyl isobutyrate 

Tetradecanal 

Trimethylundecylaldehyde 

Undecanal (Hendecanaldehyde) (C 1L ) 

Undecenal ( Hendecenaldehyde) 

9-Undecen-l-ol (Hendecenol) 

Valerolactone 

CHEMICALLY MODIFIED ESSENTIAL OILS 

Citronella oil, acetone condensation product 

Citronella oil, acetylated 

Geranium oil isopropyl alcoholysis product 

Lavandin, acetylated 

Rosemary oil, acetylated 

Sassafras oil, hydrogenated 

Spike lavender oil, acetylated 



HPC. 








GIV, 


HNW, 


OPC 


TBK, X. 


GIV, 


TBK. 






FBS. 








TBK. 








FB, 


GIV, 


IFF, 


NEO, TBK. 


TBK. 








FB, 


GIV, 


RT, 


rBK. 


FBS, 


MRT, 


OPC 




RT. 








BPC, 


FBS. 






TBK. 








TBK. 








TBK. 








GIV, 


TBK. 






FEL, 


TBK. 






UCC. 








GIV. 








AIR. 








FBS. 








TBK. 








FB, 


NW, RT, TBK. 


RT. 








FEL, 


TBK. 






NW, 


RT, TBK. 




FB, 


TBK. 






FB. 








TBK. 








RT. 








GRW. 








GRW, 


HPC, 


IMC 


, MRK, STA 


BAC, 


WTM. 






BAC. 








TBK. 








FMT. 








GIV, 


TBK. 






GIV, 


TBK. 






FB, 


GIV, 


TBK. 




FB. 








FB, 


GIV, 


NW, 


RT, TBK. 


TBK. 








FEL. 








FB, 


TBK. 






GIV, 


TBK. 






GIV, 


TBK. 






GIV 


TBK. 






GIV 


TBK. 






GIV, 


TBK. 






FB, 


TBK. 






FB, 


FBS, 


TBK. 




PFZ. 








VPC. 








GIV 


TBK. 






GIV 


TBK. 






GIV. 








GIV. 








CP. 








FB. 








CP. 








FEL. 








FB, 


X. 






GIV. 








FB. 









PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 



125 



Plastics and Resin Materials 

TABLE 15B. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics and resin materials for which U.S. production or 
sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959 

[Plastics and resin materials for which separate statistics are given in table 15A are marked below with an asterisk 
(*); chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 15A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and 
may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x signifies that 
the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, BENZENOID 

Aniline-formaldehyde resins 

*Coumarone-indene resins 

Epoxy resins: 

»Unmodified 

*Modified 

^Petroleum polymer and condensation resins 

*Phenolic and other tar-acid resins: 
*Unmodif ied : 

*Cresols-formaldehyde 

♦Cresylic acid-formaldehyde 

*Phenol(and substituted phenols )-formaldehyde 



*Resorcinol-formaldehyde 

All other unmodified phenolic and other tar-acid resins 

*Modified: 

*Phenol(and substituted phenols )-formaldehyde with 

modifiers (except rosin). 
*Rosin and rosin esters modified with phenolic and other 
tar-acid resins (hard resins). 
All other modified phenolic and other tar-acid resins-- 
*Phthalic alkyd resins: 

^Unmodified 



*Polyester resins 

*Polyurethane and diisocyanate resins 

*Styrene and styrene derivative polymer and copolymer 
res ins : 

Polymethyl styrene 

^-Polystyrene 

*Styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer 

*Styrene-alkyd polyesters (for protective coatings)--- 

*Styrene-butadiene copolymer : 

*Latexes 

All other 

*Styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer 

All other styrene and styrene derivative polymer and 
copolymer resins. 



TRC, UCP. 

ACP, DSO, NEV, NSP, PAI. 

DOW, JOD, RCI, REL, SHC, TRC, UCP. 

ACP, ADM, AMF, BEN, CM, CPV, DSO, EW, FRE, GE, GEI, 
OLD, GRV, ICF, JOB, MCC, MTD, MNP, MRB, MRW, OSB, 
PPG, PRM, RCI, SPR, SRR, SW, WAS, WTT. 

ACC, CFX, DSO, ESL, NEV, NSP, PAI, TRC, VEL. 



BOR, CD, HRB, ICF, RAB, RCI, SCN, UCP, VAR. 

CAT, CD, FCD, FOM, HRB, ICF, RAB, RCD, RCI, SCN, SPL, 
TAJ, UCP, VAR. 

ACP, ACR, ADM, AMR, ARK, BOR, CAT, CD, CIK, DEP, DSO, 
EW, FL, FOM, GE, GEI, GLD, GRG, HKD, HRB, ICF, INL, 
IRI, KND, KRM, MMM, MON, MRB, MTC, .PGU, PLS, PYR, 
PYZ, RAB, RCI, RGC, RH, SCN, SED, SIM, SPL, SPR, 
SW, SYR, SYV, UCP, VAR, WAT, WEV, WTT. 

AMR, BOR, CAT, KPC, MTC, PGU, RCI, RH, SCN, UCP. 

ACP, BOR, CAT, CD, GE, ICF, MTC, RAB, RCD, RGC, SCN, 
SPL, SPR, UCP, WAS. 

CAT, CPR, DSO, FCD, GE, HER, NTC, PPG, RAB, RCI, REZ, 

RH, SCN, SNC, UCP. 
ACP, ADM, AKL, CPV, DAV, DSO, GIL, GLD, HPC, KRM, 

RCI, RH, SCN, SW, WTT. 
ADM, DSO, GE, REZ, SPR, UCP. 

ABR, ACP, ACY, ADM, AKL, AMF, AMK, APV, ARO, BAL, 
BEN, BOY, CEN, CIK, CM, CPL, CPV, CRO, DAV, DSO, 
DUP, EW, FAR, FBR, FCD, FLW, FRE, GE, GEI, GIL, 
GLD, GRV, HAN, HPC, ICF, JOB, JOD, JWL, KEL, KPV, 
KYN, LON, MCC, MCW, MID, MJM, MR, MRW, NON, NTL, 
OB, OSB, PPG, PRT, RCI, RED, REL, RH, RMC, SCF, 
SCN, SED, SIP, SPP, SPR, SRR, STT, SW, TEK, TV, 
UCP, VTV, WAS, WEV, WPC, WTT. 

ACP, ACY, ADM, AKL, AMF, APV, ARO, BAL, BEN, BOY, 
BRU, CEN, CIK, CM, CPV, CRO, DAV, DSO, DUN, DUP, 
EW, FAR, FCD, FLW, FRE, FSH, GE, GEI, GIL, GLD, 
GRG, GRV, HPC, ICF, JAM, JOD, JWL, KRM, KYN, LON, 
MAS, MCC, MCW, MID, MJM, MNP, MR, MRW, NON, OB, 
OSB, PER, PFP, PPG, PRT, RCI, RED, REL, RH, RMC, 
SCF, SCN, SED, SIP, SPP, SPR, SRR, STT, SW, TV, 
UCP, VTV, WEV, X. 

ACP, ACR, ACY, ADM, AKL, AMK, AMR, APD, CEL, CIK, 
CPR, CPV, DAV, DSO, EW, FMP, FRE, GE, GEI, GLD, 
GNT, GRG, GRV, GYR, HKD, ICF, MOB, NOP, OSB, PPG, 
RCI, REL, RH, SCN, SPR, SW, USR, WTC, WTT. 

ACP, ADM, AMF, APV, ARO, BFG, CWN, DUP, FRE, GLD, 
MOB, NOP, WTC. 



ACC, ACY. 

CSD, DOW, FG, GOR, GRD, KPP, MON, MTC, SEM, SOL, UBS, 

UCP, UNC. 
ACY, BFG, DOW, MON, UCP, USR. 
ACP, ACY, ADM, APV, CEN, CPV, DSO, DUP, EW, FRE, GLD, 

GRV, ICF, JOD, KEL, MTC, PPG, RCI, REL, RH, SCN, 

SPP, SPR, SW. 

DOW, DSO, FIR, GNT, GRD, GYR, KPP, SHC, USR. 
BFG, BOR, DSO, FIR, GRV, GYR, MCB, MMM, SPR, USR. 
CPR, DOW, PRM, RH. 

ACP, ACY, ARO, CAT, DOW, DUP, FIR, GLD, GNT, GYR, 
JNS, MCW, PAI, PRM, SW, UCP, WAS. 



126 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 15B. 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Plastics and resin materials for which U.S. production or 
sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification cedes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, 
BENZENOID— Continued 

Toluenesulfonamide resins 

All other benzenoid plastics and resin materials 

PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, NONBENZENOID 

Acetone-formaldehyde resins 

Acrylic resins: 

Polymethylmethacrylate resins 

All other acrylic resins 

♦Alliyd resins (except phthalic): 

Unmodified 



♦Modified: 

*Rosin and rosin esters, modified with maleic and 
fumaric acids only (hard resins). 



All other modified aLkyd resins 

Dicyandiamide resins 

♦Polyamide resins 

Polychloroethylene and polyfluoroethylene resins' 
♦Polyethylene resins: 

♦High-pressure process 

♦Low-pressure process 

Polypropylene resins 

Polyterpene resins 

♦Rosin modifications: 

♦Rosin and terpene adduct resins 

♦Rosin and rosin esters, unmodified: 

♦Esterified with glycerol 

♦Esterified with other alcohols 

All other rosin modifications «- 

♦Silicone resins 

♦Urea and melamine resins: 

♦Melamine-formaldehyde type 

♦Urea-formaldehyde type 



*Vinyl and vinyl copolymer resins: 

♦Polyvinyl acetate 

Polyvinyl alcohol 

Polyvinyl butyral 

♦Polyvinyl chloride and copolymers: 

Polyvinyl chloride 

Polyvinyl chloride-acetate copolymer 

All other polyvinyl chloride and copolymer resins- 

Polyvinyl chloride-vinylidene chloride copolymer 

Polyvinyl formal 

All other vinyl and vinyl copolymer resins 

All other nonbenzenoid plastics and resin materials--- 



ACY, MON. 

ACP, ACY, MTC, RH. 



ACY, PRM, RCI, UCP. 

CAT, DOW, DUP, ICF, RCI, RH, USP. 

ACY, DOW, DSO, DUP, ICF, JNS, MMM, PPG, RCI, RH, TRC, 
UBS, UCP, WIC. 

ACP, ACY, ADM, AMF, APV, CM, CPL, CPV, DSO, DUN, DUP, 
EW, FBR, FLW, FRE, GEI, GLD, GRV, HPC, MCC, MCW, 
MR, OSB, PPG, PRT, RCI, RH, SPP, SPR, SRR, SW, WTC. 

ACP, ADM, APV, BAL, CBY, CEN, CM, CPT, CPV, DAV, DSO, 
FAR, FBR, FCD, FLW, FSH, GIL, GLD, GRV, HPC, JOD, 
KRM, MCC, MCW, MID, MR, OSB, PPG, RCI, RED, REL, 
RH, SCF, SCN, SPR, SRR, SW, WAS. 

ADM, AMF, AMR, BRD, CIK, FBR, GEI, GLD, ICF, KYN, 
LON, MJM, MMM, OSB, PPG, RCI, REL, RH, RMC, STT, 
SW, TV, UCP, VTV> WEV. 

ACY, CRC, DEP, GGY, NOP, TEK, TRC, VAL, WIC, X. 

ACF, DUP, FIR, GNM, SPN. 

DUP, FIR. 

ACS, DOW, DUP, EKX, KPP, MTC, NPC, SPN, UCC. 

ACS, CEL, GRP, HPC, KPP, PLC, UCC. 

ACP, HPC. 

PAI, SCN. 

ADM, CEN, CIK, GLD, HPC, OSB, RCI, SPR, SW. 

ACP, ADM, AKL, APV, CBY, CIK, CPV, DAV, FCD, GIL, 
GLD, HPC, KRM, MCC, OB, OSB, PPG, RCI, SW. 

ADM, AKL, BRD, CBY, CPV, DSO, FAR, GLD, HPC, MMM, 

MRW, OB, OSB, RCI, SCN, SPR, SRR, SW, WAS. 

ACP, DUN, GRV, ICF, JNS, MMM, ONX, PPG, RCI, UCP, 
WAS. 

ACP, DCC, SPD, UCS. 

ACP, ACY, CAT, CDF, COL, CPV, DUP, FOM, GLD, MON, 
MTC, PPG, RCI, RH, SFA, SW, TEK, X. 

ACP, ACY, AMR, APX, AV, BOR, BRY, CAP, CAT, CDF, CPR, 
CPV, CRC, DEP, DUP, EDY, FOM, GDN, GGY, GLD, GRV,. 
HPC, HRT, ICF, JOD, MDP, MMM, MON, MTC, NTC, ONX, 
PC, PGU, PPG, QCP, RCI, REL, RH, SAN, SIM, SNW, 
SOR, SPR, SW, SYV, TEK, TRC, USO, USR, VAL, WIC, 
WON, X. 

AML, BCN, BFG, BOR, BOY, CEL, COL, DAV, DSO, DUP, 
FLH, GLD, GRD, HAN, HRT, JOD, MCC, MRN, NOP, NSC, 
ONX, PGU, QCP, RCI, RH, SED, SH, SHW, SNM, SPR, SW, 
SYR, UCC, WIC. 

BOR, COL, DUP, SHW. 

DUP, SHW, UCC. 

AKL, BFG, CRY, DA, DOW, ESC, FIR, GNT, GRA, GYR, KYS, 

MTC, PRS, RCI, RUB, THC, UCC, USR. 
ADM, BFG, BOR, CRY, FIR, MTC, PRS, RUB, UCC. 
BFG, DOW, FBR, FIR, GYR. 
DOW. 

ACP, SHW. 
GAF, MMM. 
AKL, BOR, CPR, DUP, FIR, GLD, GLY, GRD, HKD, KRM, 

MTC, PPG, UCP. 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS 



127 



Rubber-Processing Chemicals 



TABLE 17B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Rubber-processing chemicals for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1959 

[Rubber-processing chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 17A are marked below with an asterisk 
(*); chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 17A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and 
may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x signifies 
that the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

"Accelerators: 
"Aldehyde- amines : 

Acetaldehyde-aniline 

n-Butyr aldehyde-aniline 

N,N'-Dibutyldithioadipamide 

4,4'-Dithiodimorpholene 

d-Ethyl-P-propylacrylanilide 

Formaldehyde-p-toluidine (Methylene-p-toluidlne) 

Heptaldehyde- aniline 

Triethyltrime thy lenetri amine 

p-Benzoquinone dioxime 

Carbon disulf ide-1, 1' -methylenedipiperidine 

Dibenzoyl-p-quinonedioxime 

Dibenzylamine 

Di-N-pentamethylenethiuram tetrasulfide 

*Dithiocarbamic acid derivatives: 

Dibenzyldithioearbamic acid, sodium salt ; 

Dibenzyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, N,N-dimethylcyclohexyl-r 
amine salt. 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, diphenylguanidine salt 

Dimethylethylene diphenyldithiocarbamic acid, lead salt 

2,4-Dinitrophenyl dimethyldithiocarbamate 

Piperidinecarbodithioic acid, piperidinium-potassium 
salts. 
Guanidines: 

Dicatechol borate, di-o-tolylguanidine salt 

Diphenylguanidine 

Diphenylguanidine phthalate 

Di-o-tolylguanidine 

1,2,3-Triphenylguanidine 

2-Imidazoline-2- thiol 

Poly-p-dinitrosobenzene 

*Thiazole derivatives: 

2-Benzothiazyl-N, N-diethylthiocarbamoyl sulfide 

l,3-BIs(2-benzothiazolylmercap tome thyl) urea 

N-tert-Butyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

*N-Cyclohexyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

N,N-Diisopropyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

*2,2'-Dithiobis(benzothiazole) 

*2-Mercaptobenzothiazole 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, sodium salt 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, zinc salt 

N- Oxydiethylene-2-benzothiazolesulf ennml de 

Thiazoline-2- thiol 

All other cyclic accelerators 

Antioxidants: 

Aldehyde- and acetone- amines: 

Acetaldehyde-aniline hydrochloride 

Aldol-a-naphthylamine condensation 

Diphenylamine- acetone 

p-Phenetidtne-acetone 

Phenyl-2-naphthylamine- acetone 

♦Amino and hydroxy compounds: 
» Amino compounds: 

p-Anilinophenol 

N-Cyclohexyl-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenedi amine 

Diarylarylene diamines, mixed 

N,N'-Di(l-ethyl-3-me thy lpentyl) -p-phenylenedi amine — 

l,2-Dihydro-2,2,4-trimethylquinoline 

p,p'-Dimethoxydiphenylamine 



USR. 

DUP, MON, USR. 

DUP. 

MON. 

ceo. 

DUP. 

USR. 

USR. 

ACF, DUP. 

MON. 

USR. 

USR. 

DUP. 

USR. 
USR. 
MON. 

CCO. 

ceo. 

USR. 
DUP. 



DUP. 

ACT. 

MON. 

ACT, DUP. 

ACF. 

DUP. 

CWN, DUP. 

PAS. 

MON. 

MON. 

ACT, BFG, MON, USR. 

ACT. 

ACT, CTR, MON, USR. 

ACT, GYR, MON, USR. 

ACT, GYR, MON. 

ACT, GYR, USR. 

ACT, GYR. 

ACT. 

DUP, MON, x. 



USR. 

BFG. 

BFG, MON, USR. 

MON. 

USR. 



BFG. 

MON, USR. 
GYR. 

EKT, UPM. 
BFG. 
DUP. 



128 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 17B.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Rubber-processing chemicals for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959— Continued 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Antioxidants — Continued 
*Amino and hydroxy compounds — Continued 
*Amino compounds — Continued 

N,N'-Di(l-methylheptyl)-p-phenylenediamine 

N,N'-Di-2-naphthyl-p-phenylenediamine 

N, N'-Diphenylethylenediamine 

*N, N'-Diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine 

N,N'-Diphenyl-l,3-propanediamine 

N, N'-Di-o-tolylethylenediamine 

6-Ethoxy-l,2-dihydro-2,2,4-trimethylquinoline-- 

p-Isopropoxydiphenylamine 

N-Isopropyl-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine 

4,4-'-Methylenedianiline 

Octyldiphenylamine 

Octyldiphenylamine, alkylated 

N-Phenyl-1-naphthylamine 

N-Phenyl-2-naphthylamine 

Tetr ame thy ldiphenylethylenedi amine 

p-(p-Toluenesulfonamido)diphenylamine 

N-o-Tolyl-2-naphthylamine 

*Hydroxy compounds: 

p-Benzyloxyphenol 

2,5-Di(l,l-dimethyl-propyl)hydroquinone 

N-Lauroyl-p-aminophenol 

2,2'-Methylenebis(6-tert-butyl-p-cresol) 

2,2'-Methylenebis(6-tert-butyl-4-ethylphenol)-~ 

*Phenol, alkylated 

Phenol, hindered 

Phenol, styrenated 

N-Stearoyl-p-aminophenol 

2,2'-Thiobis(4-,6-di-sec-amylphenol) 

4,4-'-Thiobis(6-tert-butyl-m-cresol) 

Blowing agents and processing aids: 

N,N'-Dimethyl-N,N'-dinitrosoterephthalamide 

Dinitrosopentamethylenetetramine 

p,p'-Oxybis(benzenesulfonhydrazide) 

Inhibitors, modifiers, and stabilizers: 

Dicresyl disulfide 

N,4-Dinitroso-N-methylaniline 

N-Nitrosodiphenylamine 

Nonyl phenyl phosphites, mixed 

-^Peptizers: 

Aryl mercaptans 

2-Benzamidothiophene, zinc salt 

2',2'"-Dithiobis(benzanilide) 

Dixylyl disulfides, mixed 

2-Naphthalenethiol 

Pentachlorobenzenethiol 

"Pentachlorobenzenethiol, zinc salt 

Thiocresol 

Thiophenol 

Xylenethiol 

Tackifiers: 

p-tert-Amylphenol sulfide 

Bis( iso-octylhydroxyphenylmethylene) 

RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

*Accelerators: 

n-Butyraldehyde-butylamine 

Di-n-butylammonium oleate 

*Dithiocarbamic acid derivatives: 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

*Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, selenium salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, tellurium salt 

*Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, bismate salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, copper salt 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



EKT, UPM. 






BFG. 






CCO, NOP. 






BFG, DUP, 


USR. 




CCO. 






CCO. 






MON. 






BFG. 






USR. 






ACF, USR. 






USR. 






BFG. 






ACF, DUP. 






BFG, DUP. 






NOP. 






USR. 






GYR. 






BFG. 






MON. 






MLS. 






ACY. 






ACY. 






BFG, CCO, 


GYR, MEE, USR 


DUP. 






BFG, GYR. 






MLS. 






MON. 






MON. 






DUP. 






AHC, DUP, 


NPI. 




USR. 






USR. 






MON. 






BFG, GYR, 


USR. 




USR. 






PIT. 






ACY. 






ACY. 






DUP, PIT. 






DUP. 






DUP. 






DUP. 






PIT. 






PIT. 






DUP. 






PAS. 
HSY. 







DUP. 
DUP. 

ALC, DUP, USR. 

ALC, i/UP, GYR, PAS, USR, VNC. 

VNC. 

PAS, USR. 

VNC. 

ALC, GYR, PAS, USR, VNC. 

VNC. 

VNC. 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS 



129 



TABLE 17B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Rubber-processing chemicals for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



RUBBER- PROCESSING CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

♦Accelerators — Continued 

♦Dithiocarbamic acid derivatives — Continued 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, lead salt 

♦Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, potassium salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, selenium salt 

♦Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

♦Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt and sodium 
polysulfide. 

All other 

♦Thiurams: 

Bis(dibutylthiocarbamoyl) sulfide 

Bis(diethylthiocarbamoyl) disulfide 

♦Bis( dime thy lthiocarbamoyl) disulfide 

Bis( dimethy lthiocarbamoyl) sulfide 

Xanthates and sulfides: 

Di-n-butylxantho disulfide 

Di-isopropyLxantho disulfide 

Zinc dibutyLxanthate 

All other acyclic accelerators: 

Ethylenediamine carbonate 

Polyoxyaliylenetetrasulfide 

♦Blowing agents: 

1 , 1' - Azobi sf orrnami de 

Urea-biuret mixture 

♦Conditioning and lubricating agents: 

Methyl stearyl-10-sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Mono- and dialiyl acid phosphates, mixed 

Mono- and dialiyl phosphate ammonium salts, mixed 

♦Peptizers and modifiers: 

ALkyl mercaptans, mixed 

♦Dodecyl mercaptans 

Zinc laurate 



VNC. 

GYR, PAS, USR. 

VNC. 

ALC, BFG, DUP, GYR, PAS, RBC, RH, VNC. 

BFG, GNT, USR. 

PAS. 

USR. 

GYR, PAS. 

BFG, CLY, DUP, GYR, MON, PAS, RBC, USR, VNC. 

DUP, GYR, USR. 

USR. 
BFG. 
USR. 

DUP. 
TKL. 

NPI, USR. 



DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 

PLC. 

HK, PAS, PLC, USR. 

USR. 



130 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 
Elastomers (Synthetic Rubbers) 



TABLE 18B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959 

[Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for which separate statistics are given in table 18A are marked below with an as- 
terisk ( *) ; products not so marked do not appear in table 18A because the reported data are accepted in confi- 
dence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x 
signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Product 


Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 


ELASTOMERS, CYCLIC 


ASY, BFG, CPY, FIR, FRS, GGC, GNT, GYR, PLC, SHC, 

TUS, URC, USR. 
BFG, DUP, GNT, NOP, TKL, USR. 

BFG, FIR. 

FRS, GYR. 

BFG, FIR, GYR, HER, USR. 

DUP. 

ESL, HUM. 




ELASTOMERS, ACYCLIC 


lyacry a e r ype 


*Polybutadiene-acrylonitrile type (N-type) 


*PnTvi ° r ? p ^ ene ype e0 $5^ ne / n , + 1 ) 


lyiso u y ene soprei e type y 




GYR, HPC. 

DCC, SPD, UCS. 

ASY, DUP, ESL, SHC, x,x. 


All other— - - - 



Plasticizers 

TABLE 19B.--Synthetic organic chemicals: Plasticizers for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 

identified by manufacturer, 1959 

[plasticizers for which separate statistics are given in table 19A are marked below with an asterisk (*); products 
not so marked do not appear in table 19A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be 
published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x signifies that the manu- 
facturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC 

Camphor, synthetic 

Coumarone-indene plasticizer 

N-Cyclohexyl-p-toluenesulfonamide 

Dibenzyl sebacate 

Diethylene glycol dibenzoate 

Di-tert-octylphenyl ether 

Diphenyl cyclohexane, o-, m-, p- 

Dipropanediol dibenzoate 

N-Ethyl-p-toluenesulfonamide 

Isopropylidenediphenoxypropanol 

Naphthalene, alkylated 

Phosphoric acid esters: 

*Cresyl diphenyl phosphate 

Dibutyl phosphate 

Diphenyl mono-o-xenyl phosphate 

Diphenyl octyl phosphate 

Methyl diphenyl phosphate 

Tri( tert-butylphenyl) phosphate 

*Tricresyl phosphate 

*Triphenyl phosphate 

*Phthalic anhydride esters: 

Butyl benzyl phthalate 

Butyl cyclohexyl phthalate 

Butyl decyl phthalate • 

Butyl 2-ethylhexyl phthalate 

Butyl isodecyl phthalate 



DUP. 

NEV. 

MON. 

WTH. 

TNP. 

DOW. 

MON. 

TNP, UCC. 

MON. 

DOW. 

ACC. 

CEL, KLK, MON, MTR, SPP. 

MON. 

DOW. 

MON. 

MON. 

DOW. 

CEL, FMP, KLK, MON, MTR. 

CEL, DOW, EK, MON, MTR. 

MON. 

ACP. 

PCC, PRS, ROS. 

ACP, MON, UCC. 

RUB. 



PLASTICIZERS 



131 



TABLE 19B.- 



■Synthetic organic chemicals: Plasticizers for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer , 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC— Continued 

*Phthalic anhydride esters — Continued 

Butyl iso-octyl phthalate 

Butyl octyl phthalate 

Butyl phthalyl butyl glycolate 

Castor oil phthalate 

Diamyl phthalate 

Di(2-butoxyethyl) phthalate 

*Dibutyl phthalate 

»Dicyclohexyl phthalate 

*Didecanoyl phthalate (Dicapryl phthalate) — 

Di-n-decyl phthalate 

Di(2-(2-ethoxyethoxy) ethyl) phthalate 

Diethylene glycol phthalate 

Di(ethylhexyl) hexahydrophthalate 

♦Diethyl phthalate 

Di-n-hexyl phthalate 

Diisobutyl phthalate 

*Diisodecyl phthalate 

Diisohexyl phthalate 

*Di(2-methoxyethyl) phthalate 

♦Dimethyl phthalate 

Dinonyl phthalate 

*Dioctyl phthalates: 

*Di-2-ethyIhexyl phthalate 

♦Diiso-octyl phthalates and mixtures 

Diphenyl phthalate 

Ditridecyl phthalate 

2-Ethyliiexyl isodecyl phthalate 

Ethyl, and methyl phthalyl ethyl glycolate- 

Isobutyl isodecyl phthalate 

Isobutyl isooctyl phthalate 

■"Octyl decyl phthalates: 

»Iso-octyl isodecyl phthalate 

*n-Octyl n-decyl phthalate 

All other phthalic anhydride esters 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl oleate 

Toluenesulfonamide, o-, p- mixture 

All other cyclic plasticizers 

PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC 

*Adipic acid esters: 

Di(2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethyl) adipate 

Di(2-butoxyethyl) adipate 

Diisobutyl adipate 

*Di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate 

*Diisodecyl adipate 

*Dioctyl adipate 

Dinonyl adipate 

*Octyl decyl adipate 

♦Complex adipic acid polyesters 

All other adipic acid esters 

*Azelaic acid esters: 

*Di(2-ethyliiexyl) azelate 

Diisobutyl azelate 

All other azelaic acid esters 

N- Butyl myristate 

Castor oil maleate 

Di(2-(2-butoxyethoxy) ethyl) methane 

Dibutyl maleate 

Diethylene glycol dinonanoate 

Diisooctyl diglycolate 

Glycerol diacetyl tartrate monoesters 

Laurie f Id esters 



RUB. 

KLK. 

MON, NOP. 

DUP. 

PRS. 

FMP, KES. 

ACP, COM, DEC, DUP, EKT, FMP, GRD, HAL, KLK, MON, 

NPI, PFZ, RUB, SPR, SW, WTC, WTH. 
ACP, DUP, FMP, MON. 
ACP, RH, WTH. 
BFG. 
FMP. 
ARK. 
UCC. 

DUP, EKT, KF, KLK, MON. 
CCA, PRS, SW. 
EKT. 

ACP, BFG, DEC, KLK, MON, PCC, PFZ, RUB, THC, UCC. 
RUB. 

DUP, EKT, FMP, KES. 
ACP, DUP, EKT, KF, KLK, MON. 
DEC, EKT. 

ACP, BFG, DEC, DUP, EKT, FMP, GRD, KLK, MON, NOP, 
NPI, PCC, PFZ, ROS, RUB, SW, THC, UCC, WTC. 

ACP, BFG, DEC, EKT, FMP, GDL, KLK, MON, PCC, PFZ, 
PRS, ROS, RUB, SPR, THC, UCC, WTC, WTH. 

MON. 

RUB. 

UCC. 

MON. 

ACP, KLK, THC. 

EKT. 

ACP, BFG, DEC, KLK, PCC, PFZ, RUB. 

ACP, DEC, FMP, HPC, KLK, PCC, PFZ, PRS, THC. 

ACP, ARG, DEC, FMP, HPC, PFZ, PRS, ROS. 

CCW, EMR. 

MON. 

AV, PFZ, TNP. 



FMP, 
DEC, 
DEC, 
DEC, 
ACP, 
ACP, 
RH 
EKT, 
BFG, 
EKT, 
ACP, 

DEC, 

EKT, 

EMR, 

AHC, 

RH. 

TKL. 

DUP, 

EMR, 

CCA, 

WTC. 

FOR, 



TKL. 
DUP, 
FMP, 
EKT, 
BFG, 
BFG, 
RUB. 
PCC. 
DEC, 
MON, 
DEC, 



MON. 

GRD. 

FMP, KLK, PCC, PFZ, ROS, RUB, SPR, THC, UCC. 

DEC, FMP, HAL, KLK, MON, PCC, RUB, - THC, UCC. 

DEC, EKT, FMP, KLK, MON, NOP, PCC, PFZ, PRS, 



FMP, HPC, MON, PCC, PRS, THC. 
PFZ, RUB, UCC. 
KES, PFZ, RH, ROS. 



DUP, EKT, EMR, HAL, PFZ, SW. 

HAL. 

GRD, PFZ. 

KES. 



GRD, MON, RUB. 

RUB. 

FMP. 



HAL, KES. 



132 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 19B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Plasticizers for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC- -Continued 

♦Oleic acid esters: 

2-Butoxyethyl oleate 

♦Butyl oleate 

Glycerol trioleate 

♦Methyl oleate 

All other oleic acid esters 

♦Palmitic acid esters: 

Isooctyl palmitate 

All other palmitic acid esters 

♦Phosphoric acid esters 

Polyethylene glycol di-2-ethylhexoate 

Ricinoleic and acetylricinoleic acid esters: 

n- Butyl acetylricinoleate 

Butyl ricinoleate 

♦Glycerol monoricinoleate 

All other ricinoleic and acetylricinoleic acid esters- 
♦Sebaeic acid esters: 

♦Dibutyl sebacate 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) sebacate 

All other sebacic acid esters 

♦Stearic acid esters: 

♦n- Butyl stearate 

All other stearic acid esters 

Tributyl acetylcitrate 

♦Triethylene glycol di(caprylate-caprate) 

Triethylene glycol di-2-ethylbutyrate 

All other acyclic plasticizers 



HAL, KES. 

AHC, CCW, MP, HAL, KES, NOP, RUB, WTH. 

DRW, EMR. 

AHC, EMR, FOR, NOP. 

AHC, EMR, FMP, RH, X. 

KES, KLK, PFZ, RUB. 

EKT, FOR. 

EKT, FMP, UCC. 

KES, UCC. 

BAC, DEC. 

BAC, DEC. 

BAC, CCW, GLY, HAL, NOP. 

BAC, DEC, KES, NOP. 

DEC, EKT, GRD, HAL, PCC, RH, WTH. 

DEC, GRD, HAL, PCC, RH, RUB, WTH. 

DEC, HAL, NOP, PFZ, PRS,.-RH, RUB, X. 

AHC, CCW, FMP, KES, NOP, RUB, SCP, WTH. 

ARG, BAC, CCW, DRW, FMP, HK, HPC, KES, NOP, RH, ROS. 

EKT, PFZ. 

DRW, FOR, RUB. 
UCC. 

ARG, DUP, EKT, EMR, FMP, HPC, KES, PFZ, PRS, RH, ROS, 
RUB, UCC, x. 



Surface- Active Agents 



TABLE 20B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer , 1959 

[Surface -active agents for which separate statistics are given in table 20A are marked below with an asterisk (♦); 
products not so marked do not appear in table 20A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may 
not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x signifies that 
the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC 

♦Esters and ethers, nonsulf onated : 

Anhydrohexitol castor oil polyethoxyethyl ether 

Anhydrohexitol dioleate 

Anhydrohexitol glycerol monolaurate 

Anhydrohexitol monolaurate 

Anhydrohexitol monolaurate polyethoxyethyl ether-- 

Anhydrohexitol mono-oleate 

Anhydrohexitol mono-oleate polyethoxyethyl ether — 

Anhydrohexitol monopalmitate 

Anhydrohexitol monopalmitate polyethoxyethyl ether 

Anhydrohexitol monostearate 

Anhydrohexitol monostearate polyethoxyethyl ether- 

Anhydrohexitol tall oil ester 

Anhydrohexitol tall oil polyethoxyethyl ether 

Anhydrohexitol tetrastearate 

Anhydrohexitol trioleate 

Anhydrohexitol trioleate polyethoxyethyl ether 

Anhydrohexitol triricinoleate 

Anhydrohexitol tri stearate 

Anhydrohexitol tri stearate polyethoxyethyl ether- - 
Castor oil phthalate polyester 



APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



133 



TABLE 20B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for ivhich U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer , 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC— Continued 

*Esters and ethers, nonsulfonated — Continued 

Cyclohexyloxy polyethoxyethanol 

Diisobutylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

Dinonylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

Dodecylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

Glucose polyethoxyethyl distearate 

Glucose polyethoxyethyl oleate 

Iso-octylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

*Nonylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

Pentylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

Pentylphenoxy tall oil polyethoxyethanol 

Phenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

Tetradecylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

All other 

*Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, nonsulfonated: 

Benzyldimethyl hydrogenated tallow ammonium chloride 

Benzyldimethyloctadecylammonium chloride 

Benzyldimethyloctylammonium chloride 

*Benzyldodecyldimethylammonium chloride 

Benzylhexadeeyldimethylammonium chloride 

Benzyl (polyethoxyethylcoco)dimethylammonium chloride 

Benzyl trimethylammonium chloride 

Caproylethyl-5-hydroxycycloimidine, sodium ethylate, 
sodium ethionate- 

3,4-Dichlorobenzyldodecyldimethylammonium chloride 

(Dodecylbenzyl )diethyl(2-hydroxyethyl )ammonium chloride- 

( Dodecylbenzyl Jtriethylammonium chloride 

( Dodecylbenzyl )trimethylammonium chloride 

Dodecyl(dimethylbenzyl )dimethylammonium chloride 

2-Dodecylisoquinolinium bromide 

(Dodecylmethylbenzyl Jtrimethylammonium chloride 

1-Dodecylpyridinium chloride 

( Ethoxybenzyl )dimethyl(octylphenoxy )ammonium chloride — 

2-Heptadecenyl-l-hydroxyethyl-2-imidazoline 

2-Heptadecyl-l-hydroxyethyl-2-imidazoline 

1-Hexadecylpyridinium chloride 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-l,2-diphenylethylenediamine 

l-Hydroxyethyl-2-nonyl-2-imidazoline 

l-Hydroxyethyl-2-tridecylimidazolium chloride 

l-Hydroxyethyl-2-undecylimidazoline 

Lauroyl-5-ethoxycyeloimidine, disodium ethionate 

Lauroylethyl-5-hydroxycycloimidine, sodium ethylate.- 

sodium ethionate. 
2-Lauroyloxyethylcarbamoyl-l-methylpyridinium chloride-- 

Oleoyl imidazoline 

Qxazoline, substituted 

Rosin aminopolyethoxyethanol 

Rosin polyamidoimidazoline 

Stearoylethyl-5-hydroxycycloimidine, sodium ethylate, 
sodium ethionate. 

Stearoyl imidazoline 

2-Stearoyloxyethylcarbamoyl-l-methylpyridinium chloride- 

N- Tallow 1, 2-propanediamine naphthenic acid 

All other 

♦Sulfated and sulfonated cyclic surface-active agents: 
*Alkyl benzenoid compounds, sulfated and sulfonated: 

♦Decylbenzenesulfonic acid 

Didodecylbenzenesulfonic acid 

♦Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, butylammonium salt 

*Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, calcium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, cyclohexylamine salt 

♦Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, i sopr opy lammonium salt-- 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, potassium salt 

♦Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 



APD. 

GAF, HH. 

GAF. 

MON, PCS. 

APD. 

APD. 

GAF, NOP, CMC. 

AHC, APD, CLY, GAF, HPC, JCC, NOP, CMC, PCS, RH, STP, 

UCC, VIS. 
APD. 
APD. 

APD, GAF, NOP. 
0R0, PCS. 
HDG, HPC, TRC, VIS. 

ARC. 

APX, RET. 

ONX. 

APD, DEP, FIN, ITX, ONX, RH, SDH. 

FIN, ONX, RH, SDW. 

GAF. 

COM. 

MIR. 

ONX, SDW. 

0R0. 

PC. 

WTC. 

ONX. 

ITX, ONX. 

RH. 

HK. 

RH. 

GGY. 

GGY, PCS. 

FBS, FIN. 

APX. 

GGY. 

GGY. 

GGY. 

MIR. 

MIR. 

WTG. 

PCS, SNW. 

COM. 

APD, HPC, PCS, VIS. 

GRD, PCS. 

MIR. 

SCO. 
WTC. 

APD. 

APD, FBS, FIN, ONX, PCS. 



EFH, HLI, MON, SCO, STP. 

APD, CO. 

ACF, CO, KRY, LEV, MON, NOP, PIL, PRX, QCP, SOC, STP, 

TN, TRC, TRP, WTC, WTU. 
ATR, VIS. 
WTC. 

RH, STP, TRP, VIS, WTC. 
GAF. 

PCS, SNW, STP, TRP, WTC. 
TRP. 
ACF, AHC, AML, ATR, CO, DEP, EMK, HLI, HRT, LEV, NOP, 

PC, PG, PIL, PRX, SOC, TDC, TN, TRP, WIC, WTU, WYN, 



134 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 20B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959 --Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC— Continued 

^Sulfated and sulfonated cyclic surface-active agents — 
Continued 
*AXkyl benzenoid compounds, sulfated and sulfonated — 
Continued 
*Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, triethanolamine salt 

Nonylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Pentylbenzene sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Tridecylbenzenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

Tridecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

All other 

*Lignin derivatives, sulfonated: 

Lignosulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

^Lignosulfonic acid, calcium salt 

Lignosulfonic acid, magnesium salt 

Lignosulfonic acid, sodium salt 

^Naphthalene derivatives, sulfonated: 

Benzylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

*Butylnaphthalenesulf onic acid 

*Dibutylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

Didodecylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

*Diisopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

Dipentylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

*Isopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, mono- 

Methylenedi(2-naphthalenesulfonic acid) 

Mixed alkylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

Pentylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

Tetrahydronaphthalenesulfonic acid 

*A11 other sulfated and sulfonated cyclic surface-active 
agents : 

N-Aikylethylmorpholinium ethyl sulfate 

Benzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Butylhydroxybiphenylsulfonic acid 

N-Cyclohexyl-N-palmitoyl taurine 

N-(Didodecylbenzyl)-N-methyl taurine, sodium salt 

Dodecylphenoxy 'polyethoxyethyl sulfate 

Nonylphenoxy polyethoxyethyl phosphate 

Nonylphenoxy polyethoxyethyl sulfate 

n-Octylphenoxy polyethoxyethyl sulfate 

n-Octylphenoxy polyethoxyethyl sulfonate 

^Petroleum sulfonate, water soluble type, sodium salt— 

*Toluene sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Trichlorophenol sulfate, ethanolamine salt 

*Xylene sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

All other 

SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC 

* Esters and ethers, nonsulf onated : 

*Diethylene glycol monolaurate 

*Diethylene glycol mono-oleate 

*Diethylene glycol monostearate 

Diethylene glycol tall oil ester 

Diisobutylene maleate 

Dipolyethoxyethyl polyoxypropylene glycol ether 

Ethylene glycol mono-oleate 

*Ethylene glycol monostearate 

Glycerol dioleate 

Glycerol maleate mono-oleate 

Glycerol mono and di esters of fatty acids 

Glycerol monococate 

Glycerol monoester of lard 

Glycerol monolaurate 

^Glycerol mono-oleate 

*Glycerol monostearate 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl beeswax ester 



ACF, AML, 


ATR, CO, HLI, LUR, PCS, PIL, STP, TN, TRP 


WTC, x. 




WTU. 




MON. 




WTU. 




CP, WTU. 




PCS. 




CRZ. 




CWP, INP, 


LKY, MAR, NYP, PSP. 


MAR. 




CRZ, INP, 


MAR, WVA. 


GAF. 




CMG, GGY, 


PFZ, SCP. 


GAF, MRA, 


SAN, SNW. 


PFZ. 




DUP, GAF, 


GRD, PFZ, WTU. 


x. 




ACF, BRY, 


CMG, DUP, NOP, ONX. 


AHC, DUP. 




DRW, UDI. 




ONX. 




DUP. 




APD. 




UPF. 




FBS, RBC. 




GAF. 




0R0. 




GAF. 




GAF. 




GAF, HLI, 


KRY, STP, TRP, WTC. 


RH. 




RH. 




SIN, SOI, 


SON. 


CO, PIL, 


STP, TRP, WTU. 


GAF. 




CO, NES, 


PIL, STP, TRP, WTU. 


FIN, GAF, 


TRC. 



CCW, GLY, HAL, HDG, KAL, KES, NOP, PCS, QCP, WTC. 

EMR, GLY, HDG, KES, NOP, WTC. 

CCW, CP, GLY, HAL, KES, NOP, PC, PCS, QCP, VAL, VND, 

WTC. 
WTC, x. 
RH. 

PCS, VIS, WYN. 
CSP, EFH, HAL. 

GLY, HAL, KES, KNP, PCS, STP, VND. 
KES, LEV. 
NOP, WTC. 

DRW, KES, PCS, WTC. 
CP, HAL, VND. 
DRW, GLY. 
KES, KNP. 
APD, CCW, DRW, EFH, EMR, GLY, HAL, HDG, KES, PAR, PCS, 

SPP, STP. 
APD, APX, BCN, CCW, CP, CRC, DRW, EFH, GLY, HAL, HDG, 

KES, LUR, MRA, NOP, NW, PC, PCS, PG, VND, WTC. 
APD. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



135 



TABLE 20B. —Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959 --Continued 



SURFACE- ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC- -Continued 

*Esters and ethers, nonsulfonated — Continued 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl dioleate 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl hexaoleate 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl hexa(tall oil) ester 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl lanolin ester 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl oleate 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl pentalaurate 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl penta(tall oil) ester 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl stearate 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl tetra(oleate, laurate) ester — 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl tetra(tall oil) ester 

♦Methoxy polyethoxyethyl coconut oil ester 

Pentaerythritol mono stearate 

Polyethoxyethyl castor oil ester 

♦Polyethoxyethyl castor oil ether 

Polyethoxyethyl coconut oil ester 

Polyethoxyethyl decyl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl diglycolate 

♦Polyethoxyethyl dilaurate 

♦Polyethoxyethyl dioleate 

♦Polyethoxyethyl di stearate 

Polyethoxyethyl dodecyl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl tert-dodecyl thioether 

Polyethoxyethyl hydrogenated castor oil ether 

Polyethoxyethyl lanolin ether 

Polyethoxyethyl mixed fatty acid esters and ethers 

♦Polyethoxyethyl monolaurate 

*Polyethoxyethyl mono-oleate 

Polyethoxyethyl monopalmitate 

Polyethoxyethyl monoricinoleate 

♦Polyethoxyethyl monostearate 

Polyethoxyethyl octadecyl ether 

♦Polyethoxyethyl oleyl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl resin ester 

Polyethoxyethyl rosin ether 

Polyethoxyethyl tall oil ester 

Polyethoxyethyl tallow ester 

♦Polyethoxyethyl tridecyl ether 

Polyglycerol oleate — 

1, 2-Propanediol monococate 

♦1, 2- Propanediol monolaurate 

1, 2-FTopanediol mono-oleate 

♦1, 2-Propanediol monostearate 

1,2-Propanediol polyethoxyethyl stearate 

Propylpolyethoxyethyl polyoxypropylene glycol ether — 

All other 

♦Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, nonsulfonated 

Alkylamino polyethoxyethanol 

N-(Aminoethyl)-N-(hydroxyethyl)coconut oil amide 

♦N-(Aminoethyl)-N- (hydroxyethyl )octadecanamide 
(Stearamide of aminoethylethanolandne ) . 

♦N-(Aminoethyl)-N-(hydroxyethyl)oleamide 

N- ( Aminoethyl )-N-( hydroxyethyl )palm oil amide 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)bisoleamide 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)decanamide 

♦N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)dodecanamide 

♦N, N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl )octadecanamide 

♦N, N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl )oleamide 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl Hallow amide '-- 

N-Coconut oil-P-alanine 

♦Coconut oil amide of bis(diethanolamine) 

♦Coconut oil amide of mono(diethanolamine) 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



APD. 

APD. 

APD. 

APD. 

APD. 

APD. 

APD. 

APD. 

APD. 

APD. 

DRW, JOR, KES, ONX. 

VAL. 

GAF, GGY, WTC. 

APD, NOP, PCS, VIS. 

NOP, PG, WTC. 

AHC, APD, PCS. 

APD. 

DEX, EFH, GGY, GLY, HAL, JOR, KES, PCS. 

EFH, GGY, GLY, HAL, HDG, KES, NOP, PCS, SPP. 

GLY, HAL, KES, PCS, QCP. 

APD, DUP, GAF, JCC, PCS, UCC. 

EFH, MON, PAS. 

APD. 

APD, GAF, VTS. 

APD. 

ARC, BSC, CCA, DEX, DRW, GGY, GLY, HAL, JOR, KES, KNP, 

NOP, QCP, SRR, SYC. 
AHC, APD, ARC, CCA, DEX, DRW, EFH, GAF, GGY, GLY, HAL, 

HDG, KES, NOP, ONX, PAR, PCS, QCP, SPP, SYC. 
APD, DRW. 
HAL, KES, NOP. 
AHC, AML, APD, ARC, CCW, DEX, GAF, GGY, GLY, HAL, HDG, 

JOR, KES, KNP, NOP, ONX, PC, PCS, PD, RH, WTC. 
AAC, APD. 

APD, DUP, GAF, NOP, PCS. 
APD, VIS, x. 
APD. 

AML, APD, ARC, EFH, KES, MON, NOP, CMB, PCS, WTC. 
DEX, SOS. 

AHC, APD, APX, EFH, GAF, JCC, MON, CMC, PCS, VIS, x. 
WTC. 
CP. 

CP, DRW, HAL, KES. 
HAL, KES. 

CCW, CP, HAL, KES, PCS, PG, WTC. 
APD. 
APD. 
AHC, APD, GRD, PCS, UCC. 

GAF, NOP. 

DEX, DRW, NOP. 

AHC, AML, CST, DEP, DEX, HRT, MRA, NOP, ONX, PC, QCP, 

SAN, SCP, SNW, TRC, WTU. 
CMC, DEX, NOP, SOC, WTU. 
SCP. 
STP. 
OGY. 

HLI, JRG, KRY, NOP, PCS, PG. 
AML, BSC, CST, GGY, JOR, NOP, ONX, QCP, SNW, STP, TXC, 

WTU, x. 
CCW, GGY, NOP, PCS, SCP, STP, WTC. 
PG. 
GNM. 
AML, BSC, CMC, DEP, HLI, MOA, MRV, NOP, PCS, PNX, QCP, 

SNW, TRP, VAL. 
APX, CP, EFH, EMK, GGY, HRT, KAL, KNP, MOA, MRA, NOP, 

ONX, PC, PCS, PG, STP, TRP, VND, WTC. 



136 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1950 



TABLE 20B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959- -Continued 



Manuf acturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

*Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, nonsulfonated- 
Continued 
*Coconut oil amide of diethanolamine, neither bis nor 
mono. 

Coconut oil amide of diethylenetriamine 

Coconut oil amide of diisopropanolamine 

Coconut oil amide of isopropanolamine 

Coconut oil amide of monoethanolamine 

Coconut oil amine acetate 

Coeotrimethylammonium chloride 

N-Cocoyl sarcosine, sodium salt 

Cottonseed oil mixed amines 

Decylbetaine 

Dicocodimethylammonium chloride 

Dihydrogenated tallow dimethylammonium chloride 

N-(3-Dimethylamino)oleamide 

Dimethyldlsoya-ammonium chloride 

Dodecyl, hexadecyl trimethylammonium chloride 

Dodecyltrimethylammonium chloride 

N, N- Ethylene bis-octadecanamide 

N, N- Ethylene bis-oleamide 

Ethyldimethyloctadecylammonium bromide 

Ethylhexadecyldimethylammonium chloride 

Hexadecylbetaine 

Hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)octadecanamide 

N-(2-ffydroxyethyl)oleamide 

N-(2-Hydroxy ethyl )-N-(2-stearoylaminoethyl) glycine 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)tetradecanamide 

N-(2-Hydroxypropyl)dodeeanamide 

N-(2-Hydroxypropyl)oleamide 

N-(2-Hydroxypropyl)tetradecanamide 

N-Lauroyl polypeptide 

N-Lauroyl sarcosine, sodium salt 

N-Octadecyl-p-alanine, sodium salt 

Octadecyl amine acetate 

Octadecyl trimethylammonium chloride 

Octyl amine acetate 

Oleamide of diethylenetriamine 

Oleoylamino polyethoxyethanol 

Oleoyl polypeptide 

N-Oleoyl sarcosine, sodium salt 

Polyethoxyethyl N-coco amine 

Polyethoxyethyl N-hydrogenated tallow amine 

Polyethoxyethyl N-octadecyl amine 

Polyethoxyethyl N-soya amine 

Polyethoxyethyl N-tallow amine 

Polyethoxyethyl N-tallow trimethyldiamine ' 

Polypeptide 

Soyatrimethylammonium chloride 

Stearamide of diethylenetriamine , 

Stearamide of tetraethylenepentamine 

l-Stearamido-l'-adipoamido diethylenetriamine 

Stearoylbiguanide hydrochloride 

Stearoyl-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)octadecanamide 

N-Stearoyl sarcosine, sodium salt 

Tallow amine acetate 

Tallow amine acetate, hydrogenated 

N-Tallow-|3-aminodipropionic acid, sodium salt 

Tallow diethanolamine acetate 

N> N, N', N'-Tetrakis hydroxyethyltpolyoxyethylenepoly- 
oxypropylene)ethylenediamine. 

Triethanolamine myristate 

*Triethanolamine oleate 

Triethanolamine stearate 

Trimethyl hydrogenated tallow ammonium chloride 

Trimethyl tallow ammonium chloride 

All other 



DEX, JOR, JRG, KRY, LUR, PCS, SCO, TXC, WTU, x. 



APX, 


NOP. 










QCP. 












ARC, 


STP, 


TRP. 








APX, 


DEP, 


HRT, 


PCS, 


PG, WTC, WTU. 




ARC, 


PCS. 










ARC. 












GGY. 












GNM. 












DUP. 












ARC, 


GNM. 










ARC, 


GNM, 


ONX. 








ccw. 












ARC. 












DUP. 












ARC, 


GNM. 










CCW, 


NOP, 


WTU. 








CCW. 












ITX. 












FIN, 


ONX. 










DUP. 












FIN. 












STP. 












EFH, 


FBC. 










GAF. 












WTC. 












PCS, 


WTU. 










WTC. 












WTU. 












MYW. 












CP, 


GGY. 










DUP. 












ACY, 


ARC. 










ARC. 












ARC. 












APD, 


PCS. 










APD, 


ARC, 


GAF. 








MYW. 












GAF, 


GGY. 










APD, 


ARC. 










ARC. 












APD, 


ARC. 










ARC. 












ARC. 












ARC. 












MYW. 












ARC. 












APX, 


DEP, 


NOP, 


ONX, 


QCP. 




AHC, 


DEX, 


ONX. 








APX. 












GAF. 












WTC. 












GAF, 


GGY. 










ARC, 


GNM. 










ARC, 


GNM. 










GNM. 












PG. 












VIS, 


",YN. 










DOM. 












CMC, 


DCM, 


HAL, 


HDG, 


NOP, QCP. 




AML, 


HDG. 










ARC. 












ARC. 












AHC, 


APD, 


CBP, 


CCW, 


GAF, GGY, MYW, ONX, PCS 


PG, TRC 


VIS, X, 


x, X 









SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



137 



TABLE 20B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification cedes 
(according to list in table 23) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

♦Phosphorus-containing surface-active agents, nonsulfonated 

ALkyl phosphates, diethanolamine salt 

Caproyl polyphosphate, potassium salt 

Caproyl polyphosphate, sodium salt 

Dodecyl polyethoxyethyl phosphate 

2-Ethylhexyl phosphate, sodium salt 

Mixed mono and dialkyl acid phosphates 

Octyl polyphosphate, potassium salt 

Octyl polyphosphate, sodium salt 

Oleyl phosphate ■ 

Oleyl polyethoxyethyl phosphate 

All other 

*Salts of fatty acids, nonsulfonated: 

♦Coconut oil, potassium salt 

Coconut oil, triethanolamine salt 

Corn oil, potassium salt 

Corn oil, sodium salt 

Olive oil, sodium salt 

Peanut oil, potassium salt 

Potassium laurate 

♦Potassium oleate 

Potassium resinate 

Potassium stearate 

♦Potassium tallate 

Rapeseed oil, potassium salt 

Sodium laurate 

Sodium oleate 

Sodium resinate 

♦Sodium stearate 

Sodium tallate 

Soybean oil, potassium salt 

Tallow, potassium salt 

♦Tallow, sodium salt 

♦Sulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active agents: 

♦Acids, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Acetyloleic acid, sulfonated 

♦Oleic acid, sulfonated (Sulfonated red oil) 

Ricinoleic acid, sulfonated 

♦Alcohols, sulfated and sulfonated: 

♦Decyl sulfate 

Decyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

3,9-Diethyl-6-tridecyl sulfate 

Dodecyl, octadecenyl sulfate 

Dodecyl sulfate, 2-amino-2-methylpropanol salt 

♦Dodecyl sulfate, ammonium salt 

♦Dodecyl sulfate, diethanolamine salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, N, N-diethylcyclohexylamine salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, monoethanolamine salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, monoisopropanolamine salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, potassium salt 

♦Dodecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

♦Dodecyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

2-Ethylhexyl sulfate 

7-Ethyl-2-methyl-'4-undecyl sulfate 

Hexadecyl, octadecenyl sulfate 

Hexadecyl sulfate 

Octadecyl sulfate 

Octadecyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

Octyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Tridecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

All other 

♦Esters and ethers, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Bis-sulfosuccinate ester of tallow monoglyceride 

Bis(tridecyl)sulfosuccinate, sodium salt 

Butyl ethylene glycol sulfo-oleate 

n- Butyl sulfo-oleate 



DUP. 

DEX. 

VIC. 

GAF. 

UCC. 

DUP, VIC. 

DEX. 

CRC, VIC. 

DUP. 

GAF. 

DUP, VIC. 



LUR, 

PG. 

EFH, 

LUR. 

LUR. 

KAL. 

BSC, 

AML, 

DEX. 

DEX, 

BSC, 

KAL. 

DEP. 

DEP, 

QCP. 

LEV, 

BSC, 

DRW, 

QCP. 

CON, 



OTT, PCH, SAN. 
PCH. 



EFH, NOP, OTT, PCH, QCP, SAN, SHP, WBGr X. 



QCP, VAL. 

CON, EFH, KAL, LUR, OTT, PCH, PCS, PNX, 



LUR, MRV, NOP, QCP, TOG, WTC. 

MAL, MRV, NOP, WTC. 

DEX, MRV, NOP, QCP. 

OTT, PCH. 

DRW, LUR, NOP, QCP. 



ACT, ACT, AHC, DEX, DRW, GAF, KAL, LEA, LUR, MRA, MRV, 

NOP, PC, QCP, SCO, SON, SWT, TN, WBG, 'VHI, WHW. 
DRW, NOP. 



DUP, 

DUP. 

UCC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

AAC, 

AAC, 

DUP. 

SYC. 

JRG, 

PG. 

AAC, 

AAC, 

AAC, 

UCC. 

CMG. 

AAC, 

AAC, 

DUP. 

DUP. 

AAC; 

AAC, 



DUP, ONX, PCS, STP, TRP. 
DUP, ONX, PCS, STP, TRP. 



DUP, HLI, HLN, KRY, ONX, PCS, PG, RET, STP, TRP. 
DUP, HLI, KRY, ONX, PCS, PG, RET, STP, TRP. 
UCC, WTC. 



DUP, GGY. 

DUP, EMK, ONX, PG. 



PCS. 



ACT. 
ACY. 
SAN. 
AHC, AML, NOP, ONX, PC. 



138 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1050 



TABLE 20B. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959— Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

^Sulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active agents — 
Continued 
*Esters and ethers, sulfated and sulfonated — Continued 

n- Butyl sulforicinoleate 

Coconut oil isethionate, sodium salt 

Didecanoyl sulfosuccinate, sodium salt 

*Di(2-ethylhexyl)sulfosuccinate 

Dihexyl sulfosuccinate 

Dipentyl sulfosuccinate, sodium salt 

Dodecyl sulfoacetate 

Glycerol mono(coconut oil)ester, sulfated, ammonium 

salt. 
Glycerol mono(coconut oil)ester, sulfated, sodium salt 

Glycerol monostearate sulfoacetate 

Glycerol tri(sulfo-oleate) 

*Isopropyl sulfo-oleate 

Lauroyl-2-hydroxy-l-propane sulfonic acid 

Methyl, ethyl, propyl sulfo-oleate 

Methyl sulfo-oleate 

Oleoyl isethionate 

Polyethoxyethyl decyl sulfate 

Polyethoxyethyl dodecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Polyethoxyethyl dodecyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt- 

Polyethoxyethyl octadecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Polyethoxyethyl oleyl sulfate 

*n-Propyl sulfo-oleate 

All other 

*Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, sulfated and 

sulfonated : 
Coconut oil amide of isopropanolamine, sulfated, 

sodium salt. 
*Coconut oil amide of monoethanolamine, sulfated, 

potassium salt. 
Coconut oil amide of monoethanolamine, sulfated, 

sodium salt. 
N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)neat's-foot oil amide, sulfated, 

ammonium salt. 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)octadeeanamide, sulfated 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)oleamide, sulfated 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)tallow sulfosuccinamide 

Lauroylsulfoacetoethanolamide, potassium salt 

*N-Methyl-N-oleoyl taurine 

N-Methyl-N-palmitoyl taurine 

N-Methyl-N-tallow taurine 

N-(Myristoylethyl)sulfosuccinamide 

N-Octadecylsulfosuceinamide, disodium salt 

N-(Oleoylisopropyl) sulfosuccinamide 

All other 

*0ils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated : 
Animal fats and oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Grease, other than wool, sulfonated 

Lard oil, sulfonated 

*Neat's-foot oil, sulfonated 

*Tallow, sulfonated 

All other 

*Fish and marine-animal oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 
*Cod oil, sulfonated 

Herring oil, sulfonated 

Menhaden oil, sulfonated 

Mixed fish oils, sulfonated 

*Sperm oil, sulfonated 

Whale oil, sulfonated 



DEC, 


NOP. 
















GAF, 


LEV. 
















RH. 


















ACY, 


AHC, 


CRC, 


CST, 


EMK, 


GGY, 


HRT, 


MOA, 


MRA, PC, QCP 


ACY, 


MOA. 
















ACY. 


















ACF. 


















CP, 


KAL. 
















CP. 


















WTC. 


















AHC, 


MRV, 


NOP, 


SCP. 












AHC, 


BRY, 


DEX, 


HRT, 


LUR, 


NOP, 


QCP, 


SON, 


TXC. 


SDH. 


















NOP. 


















AHC. 


















GAF. 


















WTC. 


















AAC, 


PCS, 


PG. 














PG. 


















DUP. 


















PCS. 


















ACY, 


BSC, 


EFH, 


EMR, 


MRV. 










DEX, 


EMR, 


GAF, 


PFZ, 


X. 










APX, 


ONX, 


QCP. 














DEX, 


EMK, 


HRT, 


ONX, 


SON. 










AML, 


DEP, 


QCP. 














APX. 


















NOP. 


















NOP, 


SCP. 
















SCP. 


















WTC. 


















CRC, 


DEP, 


GAF, 


HRT, 


MRA, 


NOP, 


WTC. 






GAF. 


















LEV. 


















WTC. 


















ACY. 


















WTC. 


















ACY, 


DUP, 


RH, 


x. 













NOP, WHW. 

APX, FBC, WAW. 

ACT, APX, ARF, DRW, FBC, KAL, LEA, LUR, MRD, NOP, OTT, 

PC, WHW. 
ACT, ACY, AHC, ARF, BRY, CRC, DRW, EFH, GTS, HRT, LEA, 

LUR, MRA, MRD, NOP, ONX, OTT, PC, QCP, ROY, SCP, 

SID, SNW, SON, SOS, WHI. 
FBC, FRR, WHI. 

ACT, DRW, EFH, FBC, LEA, MRD, NOP, OTT, SAN, WAW, WHI, 

WHW. 
NOP. 
ARF. 

AML, NOP, SCO. 
ACT, ARF, DRW, EFH, FBC, HRT, KAL, KNG, LEA, MRD, NOP, 

ONX, OTT, QCP, RTC, SAN, SON, SWT, '.VBG, WHI, WHW. 
KNG. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



139 



TABLE 20B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer , 1959 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

♦Sulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active agents- 
Continued 
•Oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated — 
Continued 
Vegetable oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 
•Castor oil, sulfonated 

•Coconut oil, sulfonated 

Cottonseed oil, sulfonated 

Linseed oil, sulfonated 

Mustard-seed oil, sulfonated 

•Peanut oil, sulfonated 

Rapeseed oil, sulfonated 

•Rice-bran oil, sulfonated 

•Soybean oil, sulfonated 

All other oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and 
sulfonated : 

Oleostearine, sulfonated 

•Tall oil, sulfonated 

All other 

All other acyclic surface-active agents: 

Mixed alkane sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

All other 



AAE, ACT, ACY, AHC, AML, APX, ARF, BRY, BSC, CRC, DEX, 
DRW, DUP, EFH, FBC, GAF, GTS, HRT, KAL, KNG, LEA, 
LUR, MRA, MRD, MRV, NOP, ONX, CTT, PC, RTC, ROY, 
SAN, SCO, SCP, SLC, SON, SWT, 7/BG, ',VHI, WHW, WTO. 

ACY, LEA, LUR, MRD, NOP, OTT, PC, RTC, WBG, WHW. 

ARF, NOP. 

LEA. 

LUR, NOP. 

ACY, AHC, LEA, NOP, ROY, RTC, SCP, SLC, SON, SOS. 

NOP. 

EFH, HRT, KNG, LUR, NOP, QCP, ROY. 

HRT, KAL, LEA, MRD, ONX. 



ACY, AHC, APX, ARF, QCP, WHW. 
FRR. 



DUP. 

ACY, AIR, TN. 



\uo 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



Pesticides and Other Organic Agricultural Chemicals 

TABLE 21B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which 
U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959 

[Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 21A are marked 
below with an asterisk ( *) ; products not so marked do not appear in table 21A because the reported data are ac- 
cepted in confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from 
table 23. An x signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

•Fungicides: 

Cadmium anilino dilactate 

Captan ( N-Trichloromethylthio-4-cyelohexene-l,2-dicarbox- 
imide) . 

Chloranil ( Tetrachloro-p-quinone) 

5-Chloro-2-mercaptobenzothiazole, laurylpyridium salt 

Dichlone (2,3-Dichloro-l,4-naphthoquinone) 

2,4-Dichloro-6-(o-chloroanilino)-s-triazine 

3,5-Dimethyltetrahydro-2H,l,3,5-thiadiazine-2-thione 

Glyodin (2-Heptadecyl-2-Lmidazoline acetate) 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, monoethanolamine salt 

•Mercury fungicides: 

2- Chloro-<V- ( hydroxymercuri ) phenol 

Diphenylmercuri ammonium propionate 

N-(Ethylmercuri)-p-toluenesulfonanilide • — 

4-(Hydroxymercuri)-2-nitrophenol 

8-(Methylmercurioxy)quinoline 

2-(Phenylmercuriamino) ethyl acetate 

N- Phenylmer cur i form amide 

8-( Pheny lmercurioxy) qui noline 

Phenylmercury ammonium acetate 

Phenylmercury carbonate 

Phenylmercury hydroxide 

Phenylmercury lactate 

Phenylmercury naphthenate 

•Pheny Lmercury oleate 

Phenylmercury propionate 

Tris(2-hydroxyethyl) ( pheny lmercuri ) ammonium acetate 

Tris(2-hydroxyethyl) (pheny lmercuri) ammonium lactate 

2-( 1-Methylheptyl) -4,6-dinitrophenyl crotonate 
(Karathane) . 

•Naphthenic acid, copper salt 

Naphthyl methylcarbamate 

Penicillin, dried fermented solids 

•Pentachlorophenol 

Pentachlorophenol, sodium salt 

a-Phenyl-p-cresol (p-Benzylphenol) 

8-Quinolinol (8-Hydroxyquinoline) , copper salt 

2,3,4,6-Tetrachlorophenol 

Trichloromethylthiophthalimide 

•2,4,5-Trichlorophenol 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenol, ethanolamine salt 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenol, sodium salt 

2,4.,6-Trichlorophenol 

2,4,6-Trichlorophenol, potassium salt 

•Herbicides: 

l-n-Butyl-3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-l-methylurea 

2-sec-Butyl-4,6-dinitrophenol 

2-sec-Butyl-4,6-dinitrophenol, triethanolamine salt 

3-(p-Chlorophenyl)-l,l-dimethylurea (CMU) 

3-(p-Chlorophenyl)-l,l-dimethylurea-trichloroacetate 

3-(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)-l,l-dimethylurea 

l,2-Dihydro-3,6-pyridazinedione (Maleic hydrazide) 

1, l-Dimethyl-3-phenylurea 

1, l-Dimethyl-3-phenylurea trichloroaeetate 

Dimethyl tetrachloroterephthalate 

4,6-Dinitro-o-cresol (DNOC) 

4,6-Dinitro-o-cresol, sodium salt (Sinox) 

Gibberellic acid 

Indolebutyric acid 

Isopropyl carbanilate (Isopropyl N-phenylcarbamate) (IPC) 



GUA. 
CHO, CSP. 

USR. 

VNC. 

SF, USR. 

CHG. 

CLY. 

UCC. 

VNC. 



DUP. 
MTL. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
MTL. 
CLY. 
GUA, 
MTL. 
GUA. 
GUA. 
BRK, 
GUA. 
HNX, 
BKM, 
MTL. 
GUA. 
CLY. 
RH. 



CCA, 

UCC. 

MRK. 

DOW, 

DOW, 

MON. 

GAM, 

DOW. 

CHO. 

DA, 

DOW, 

DOW, 

DA, 

CLY, 



MIL. 

CLY, DUP, GUA, HNX, MTL. 



FER, HAR, HNX, SHP, SM, SOC, SRR, TGL, WTC. 



FRO, MON, RCI. 
MON. 



DOW, HK. 

GAF. 

MON. 
DOW. 

DA. 



DUP. 

DOW. 

SAC. 

DUP. 

ACG. 

DUP. 

ACY, USR. 

DUP. 

ACG. 

DA. 

SAC. 

SAC. 

ABB, MRK, PFZ. 

ARA, MRK. 

FMP, PPG. 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS 



141 



TABLE 21B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which 
U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

♦Herbicides- -Continued 

Isopropyl 3-chlorocarbanilate (Isopropyl N-(3-chloro- 
phenyl) carbamate) ( CIPC) . 
*1-Naphthaleneacetic acid and derivatives: 

1-Naphthaleneacetamide 

1-Naphthaleneacetic acid 

1-Naphthaleneacetic acid, methyl ester 

1-Naphthaleneacetic acid, sodium salt 

N-1-Naphthylph thalamic acid 

7-0xabicyclo[2,2,l]heptane-2,3-dicarboxylic acid, 

disodium salt (Endothal). 
Phenoxyacetic acid derivatives: 

(4-Chloro-o-tolyloxy) acetic acid 

*(2,4-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid (2,4-D) 

»(2,4-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, dimethylamine salt 

»(2,4-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid esters: 

(2, 4-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, butoxyethoxypropyl 

ester. 
(2, 4-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, 2-butoxyethyl ester 
(2, 4-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, butoxypolypropyl- 
eneglycol ester. 

*( 2, 4-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, n-butyl ester 

(2, 4-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, sec-butyl ester 

(2, 4-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, ethyl ester 

(2, 4-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, 2-ethylhexyl ester- 

*(2, 4-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, iso-octyl ester 

»(2, 4-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, isopropyl ester 

(2, 4-Diehlorophenoxy) acetic acid, tetrahydrofurfuryl 
ester. 

( 2, 4-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, sodium salt 

*(2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy)acetlc acid (2,4, 5-T) 

»(2, 4, 5-Trichlorophenoxy) acetic acid esters: 

(2,4, 5-Trichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, butoxyethoxy- 
propyl ester. 
(2, 4, 5-Trichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, 2-butoxyethyl 

ester. 
(2, 4, 5-Trichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, butoxypoly- 
propyleneglycol ester. 

*(2,4, 5-Trichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, n-butyl ester 

(2, 4, 5-Trichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, 2-ethylhexyl 
ester. 
*(2, 4, 5-Trichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, iso-octyl ester- 
(2, 4, 5-Trichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, isopropyl ester- 

(2,4, 5-Trichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, pentyl ester 

(2,4, 5-Trichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, tetrahydro- 
furfuryl ester. 

♦Phenylmercury acetate (PMA) 

N-Tolylph thalamic acid 

(2, 4, 5-Trichlorophenoxy) propionic acid 

♦Insecticides: 

Allethrin (AliLyl homolog of Cinerin I) 

Benzyl thiocyanate 

♦Chlorinated insecticides: 

Aldrin (Hexaehloro-hexahydro-endo, exo-dimethano- 
naphthalene ) . 

1, l-Bis(p-chlorophenyl)-2-nitrobutane 

1, l-Bis(p-chlorophenyl)-2-nitropropane 

Bis(S'-Diethoxyphosthinethioylmercapto) -me thane 

2-(p-tert-Butylphenoxy)-l-methylethyl-2-chloroethyl 
sulfite (Aramite). 

Chlordan (Octachloro-tetrahydro-methanoindan) 

Chlorinated mixed terpenes (Strobane) 

p-Chlorophenyl p-chlorobenzenesulfonate 

S-(p-Chlorophenylthio)methyl 0,0-diethyl phosphoro- 

dithioate . 
p-Chlorophenyl 2,4,5-trichlorophenyl sulfone 



AMC, TMC. 

AMC, COK, TMC. 

AMC, COK, TMC. 

AMC. 

USR. 

PAS. 



DA, DOW, FRO, MON, RIV, TMC. 
AMC, CSP, RIV, TMC, TWH. 



DOW. 

AMC, DA, DOW, MON, RIV, TMC, TMH. 

MON. 

AMC. 

DA. 

AMC, DOW, MON, RIV, TMC, TMH. 

AMC, DA, DOW, MON, RIV, TMH. 

CSP. 

DOW. 

DA, DOW, MON, RIV, TMC. 

DA, MON. 



DA, DOW, MON, RIV. 
DA. 

AMC, DOW, MON, RIV, TMC, TMH. 

DA, MON. 

TMH. 

CSP. 

BKM, BRK, CLY, GUA, MTL. 

USR. 

DOW, TMC. 

BPC. 
HK. 

SHC. 

COM. 
COM. 
FMP. 
USR. 

VEL. 
BFG. 

DA, DOW. 
SF. 

FMP. 



142 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 21B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Pesticides and other organic agricidtural chemicals for which 
U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , i$59--Continued 



Manuf acturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

♦Insecticides — Continued 
♦Chlorinated insecticides- -Continued 

6-Chloropiperonyl chrysanthemummono-carboxylate 

4,4'-Dichlorobenzilic acid 

1, l-Dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl) ethane (DDD) 

1, l-Dichloro-2,2-bis(p-ethylphenyl) ethane 

0-(2,4-Dichlorophenyl) 0, 0-diethyl phosphorothioate 

4-, 4' -Dichloro-cc-(trichloromethyl)benzhydrol 

Dieldrin (Hexachloro-epoxy-octahydro-endo, exo-di- 

methanonaphthalene ) . 
Endrin (Hexachloro-epoxy-octahydro-endo, endo-di- 
methanonaphthalene) . 

Heptachlor (Heptachloro-tetrahydromethanoindene) 

♦Hexachlorocyclohexane (Benzene hexachloride)-- 

♦Lindane 

Toxaphene (Chlorinated camphene) 

♦l,l,l-Trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl) ethane (DDT) 

1, 1, l-Trichloro-2,2-bis(p-methoxyphenyl) ethane (Meth- 
oxychlor) . 

2-Cyclohexyl-4,6-dinitrophenol 

0,0- Diethyl 0-(3-chloro-4-methylumbelliferone) phos- 
phorothioate . 
0,0- Diethyl 0-(2-isopropyl-4-methyl-6-pyrimidinyl) 
phosphorothioate . 

N,N-Diethyltoluamide 

♦0,0-Dimethyl O-(p-nitrophenyl) phosphorothioate (Methyl 
parathion) . 
0,0-Dimethyl S-(4-oxo-l,2,3-benzotriazin-3(-iH)-ylmethyl) 

phosphorodi thioate . 
0- Ethyl O-(p-nitrophenyl) benzene phosphorothioate (EPN) — 
♦Parathion (0,0-Diethyl O-(p-nitrophenyl)phosphorothioate) 

■Thanite (Isobornyl thiocyanatoacetate) 

♦Rodenticides: 

2-Isovaleryl-l,3-lndandione, calcium salt 

2-Pivaloyl-l,3-indandione 

Warfarin (3-( Acetonylbenzyl) -4-hydroxycoumarin) 

PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

♦Fungicides: 

Bis-l,4-bromoacetoxybutene-2 

Cadmium succinate 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acl'd, ferric salt (Ferbam) 

♦Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt (Ziram) 

Disodium cyanodithioimidocarbonate ' 

Ethylene bis(dithiocarbamic acid), diammonium salt 

♦Ethylene bis(dithiocarbamic acid), disodium salt (Nabam)- 
Ethylene bis(dithiocarbamic acid), manganese salt 
(Manzate) . 

Ethylene bis(dithiocarbamic acid), zinc salt (Zineb) 

3-Ethyl-(mercurithio) -1,2-propanediol 

Ethylmercury acetate 

Ethylmercury chloride 

Ethylmercury phosphate 

Hydroxyethylmercury acetate 

2-Methoxyethylmercury acetate 

Methylmercury cyanide — 

Methylmercury nitrile 

Zinc undecenoate (Zinc hendecenoate) 

♦Herbicides: 

2-Chloroallyl diethyldithiocarbamate 

N, N-Diallyl-2-chloroacetamide 

2,2-Dichloropropionic acid, sodium salt 

Diethyl dithiobis( thionof ormate) 

Ethyl N, N-di-n-propylthiocarbamate 

Hexachloroacetone 



DA, FRO, HK, PPG, SF. 

DA, GGY, LEB, MCH, MT0, CMC. 



SHC, VEL, VIC. 



AMP, M0N, VEL. 
HPC. 



BPC. 
GGY. 
ACG, 



VEL. 

ACG, 

HK. 

HPC. 

ACG, 

DUP. 

DOW. 
CHG. 



CWL. 
MON, 



VIC. 
ACY, 
BKC, 

MOT. 
MOT. 
ABB, 



VIN. 

MAL. 

BRK, DUP, RBC. 

ALC, BRK, DUP, GYR, PAS, RBC, USR. 

BKM. 

RBC. 

CIS, DUP, x. 

DUP, RH. 

CIS, DUP, x. 

DUP. 

DUP, MTL. 
DUP, MTL. 
DUP. 
BRK. 
BRK. 
MTL. 

BRK, MTL. 
WTM. 

MON. 

MON. 

DOW. 

RBC. 

SF. 

ACG. 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS 



143 



TABLE 21B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which 
U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1959- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

*Herbicides-- Continued 

-"Methanearsonic acid, disodium salt 

Octyldodecylammoniummethyl arsonate 

S,S,S-Tributyl phosphorotrithioate 

Trichloroacetic acid, sodium salt (TCA) 

*Insecticides: 

2-(2-Butoxyethoxy) ethyl thiocyanate 

0-(2,2-Dichlorovinyl) 0, O-dimethyl phosphate (DDVP) 

0,0-Diethyl 0-[2-(ethylthio)ethyl] phosphorothioate 

0,0-Diethyl S-[2-(ethylthio) ethyl] phosphorothioate 

0,0-Diethyl S-(ethylthio) methyl phosphorodithioate 

Diethyl phosphorochloridothionate 

0, 0-Dlraethyl 0-(2-methoxycarbonyl)isopropenyl phosphate-- 

Dimethyl phosphorochloridothionate 

Ethyl pyrophosphate (Tetraethyl pyrophosphate) (TEPP) 

Malathion (S-(l,2-Bis(ethoxycarbonyl)ethyl) 0, O-dimethyl 
phosphorodithioate ) . 

Metaldehyde 

2-Thiocyanatoethyl laurate 

*Rodenticides: Sodium fluoroacetate 

*Soil conditioners: Polyacrylonitrile, hydrolyzed, sodium 
salt. 

*Soil fumigants: 

*Bramomethane (Methyl bromide) 

Chloropicrin 

l,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane 

1,2-Dichloropropane 

1,3-Dichloropropane 

1,3-Dichloropropene 

N-Methyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 



ASL, 


CLY, 


VIN. 


VIN. 






CHG, 


VC. 




DOW. 






RH. 






CHG. 






CHG. 






ACY. 






VIC. 






SHC. 






VIC. 






AMP, 


CSP. 




ACY. 






COM. 






RH. 






RBC. 






ACY. 






AMP, 


DOW, 


KLK, MCH 


DOW, 


IMC. 




DOW, 


SHC. 




SHC. 






DOW. 






SHC. 






DUP, 


SF. 





144 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



Miscellaneous Synthetic Organic Chemicals 

TABLE 22B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959 

[Miscellaneous chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 22A are marked below with an asterisk (*) ; 
chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 22A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may 
not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x signifies that the 
manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

2-Aminobenzothiazole 

l-(2-Aminoethyl)piperazine 

Benzoic acid salts: 

Aluminum benzoate 

Calcium benzoate 

*Sodium benzoate, tech 

*Sodium benzoate, U.S.P 

p-Benzoquinone (p-Quinone) 

Benzothiazole 

Benzoyl peroxide 

Benzoylresorcinol 

p-Benzylaminophenol hydrochloride 

Benzylmagnesium chloride 

Benzyl p-methoxycinnamate 

Biological stains 

Bis(2,<t-dichlorobenzoyl) peroxide 

m-Bis(phenoxyphenoxy) benzene 

Boron fluoride-phenol complex 

Bromocyclopentane (Cyclopentyl bromide) 

<x-[ 2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethoxy ]-4,5-methylenedioxy-2-propyl- 
toluene (Piperonyl butoxide). 

Butoxysafrole 

2(and 3)-tert-Butyl-<i-methoxyphenol 

tert-Butyl peroxybenzoate 

4-tert-Butylpyrocatechol 

Camphene : 

Centralite-1 (N,N'-Diethyl-N,N'-diphenylurea) 

Chemical indicators 

Chemical reagents 

Chloramine B 

5-Chloro-a,a-bis[3, 5-dichloro-2-hydroxyphenol]-o-toluene- 
sulfonic acid. 

Chlorophyllin, sodium-potassium-copper 

Cholesterol 

Cumene hydroperoxide 

Cyclohexanone peroxide 

Cyclohexene-1, 2-dicarboxylic acid (Tetrahydrophthalic 
acid), disubstituted, polyester salts: 

Barium salt 

Barium cadmium salt 

Cadmium salt 

N-Cyclohexyltaurine, sodium salt 

Cyclopentanepropionic acid 

*Cyclopropane 

Cytidine and derivatives 

Decahydronaphthalene (Decalin) 

Decyl diphenyl phosphite 

n-Decylgallophenone 

Diazodinitrophenol 

1, 3-Dibromo-5,5-dimethylhydantoin 

2,5-Di-n-butoxyaniline (Aminohydroquinone, dibutyl ether)- 

1, 3-Dichlorohexahydro-s-triazine-2,4,6-trione 

»2, 6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol : 

*Food grade 

*Tech 

2,5-Di-tert-butyIhydroquinone 

l,3-Dichloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin 

Dicyclohexylammonium nitrite 

Dicyclopentadienyliron 

Didecyl phenyl phosphite 

2, 5-Diethoxy aniline 

2,2'-Dihydroxy-4,4.'-dimethoxybenzophenone 

2,6-Dihydroxyisonicotinic acid (2,6-Dihydroxy-4-carboxy- 
pyridine ) . 



FMT. 
JCC. 

GAF. 

HN. 

HN, TNP. 

HK, HN, MON, TNP. 

EKT, HSH. 

ACY. 

CAD, WTL. 

GAF. 

EK. 

ARA. 

GIV. 

ACF, HLC. 

CAD. 

MON. 

ACG. 

ARA. 

FMP. 



GIV. 
EKT, 

wtl. 

DOW. 
DUP, 
PAS, 
ACF, 
ACF, 
NES. 
GAF. 



GLD, HPC. 

SDH. 

EK, HLC, LAM. 

ACG, ARA, EK, HLC, LAM, MAL. 



KCH. 



HPC. 
WTL. 



DEC. 

DEC. 

DEC. 

GAF. 

ARA. 

MAL, OH, OMS, TAE. 

SBR. 

DUP. 

HKP. 

ARA. 

HPC. 

ARA, GLY. 

EKT. 

FMP. 

CAT, EKT, HPC, KPT, SHC. 

ACY, CAT, EKT, HPC, KPT, SHC. 

EKT. 

GLY. 

CMC. 

TNA. 

HKP. 

EKT. 

GAF. 

EK. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



145 



TABLE 22B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

3,5-Diiodosalicylic acid 

Diisopropylenebenzene hydroperoxide 

2, 5-Dimethoxy aniline 

p-Dimethoxybenzene (Dimethyl ether of hydroquinone) 

Dimethyl xylyl phosphate 

<4,4-Dinitrocarbanilide-4,6-dimethyl-2-pyrimidinol 

Dioxane (1,4-Diethylene oxide) 

Diphenyl hydrogen phosphite 

Diphenylpentaerythritol diphosphate 

1, 2-Epoxy-3-phenoxypropane (Glycidyl phenyl ether) 

6-Ethoxy-m-anol (Propenylmethylguaethol) 

2-Ethoxyethyl p-methoxycinnamate 

Ethylenediaminebisfo-hydroxyphenylacetie acid], monosodium 
ferric salt. 

Ethylene glycol 2,4-dichlorophenyl ether 

2-Ethylhexyl octylphenyl phosphite 

Ethyl hydrocaffeate 

4-Ethylmorpholine 

l-Ethyl-3-(5-nitro-2-thiazolyl)urea 

Ethyl 2-phenylbutyrate 

Ethyl 2-phenylcyclopropanecarboxylate 

Fenchone 

♦Flotation reagents : 

Dicresylphosphorodithioic acid (Dicresylthiophosphoric 
acid) . 

Dicresylphosphorodithioic acid, ammonium salt 

Dicresylphosphorodithioic acid, sodium salt 

2, 2'-Dimethylthiocarbanilide (Di-o-tolylthiourea) 

Rosin amines 

Thiocarbanilide (Diphenylthiourea) 

Furan derivatives: 

2-Furaldehyde (Furfural) 

2-Furoic acid 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol 

Gallic acid, tech 

♦Gasoline additives: 

p-Butylaminophenol 

2, 6-Di-tert-butylphenol 

»N,N'-Di-sec-butyl-p-phenylenediamine 

N,N'-Disalicylidene-1, 2-propanediamine 

Methylcyclopentadienylmanganese tricarbonyl 

2,2 '-Thiobis(2-tert-butyl-p-cresol) 

All other 

Glyceryl p-aminobenzoate 

♦Hexamethylenetetramine, tech; 

Hydroxymethyl-5,5-dimethyIhydantoin 

2-Hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone 

2-Imidazolidinethione (l, 3-Ethylene-2-thiourea)' 

Isopropylcresols 

Ligninsulfonic acid-iron complex 

♦Lubricating oil additives: 

Chlorosulfurized and sulfurized compounds: 

Alicyclic compounds, sulfurized 

Heterocyclic compounds, sulfurized 

Tall oil ester, sulfurized 

Terpenes, sulfurized 

Liquid disulfide — 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonates: 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, ammonium salt 

*Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, barium salt 

♦Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt 

♦Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

Phenol salts : 

Barium salt of dodecylphenol 

Barium salt of nonylphenol 

Barium salts of other aliylphenols 

Calcium salt of octylphenol-formaldehyde 

Calcium salt of polypropylphenol 

Calcium salts of other alkylphenols 

All other 



MRT. 
HPC. 
EKT. 
FBS. 
TNA. 
x . 

ucc. 

HKP. 
HKP. 
SHC. 

FBS. 
GIV. 
GGY. 

UCC. 

VC. 

FBS. 

JCC. 

x. 

MAL. 

BPC. 

HNW. 

ACY. 

ACY. 
KCU. 
DUP. 
HPC. 
ACY, MON. 

QKO. 
QKO. 
QKO. 
HSH, MAL. 



DUP. 
TNA. 
DUP, 
DUP, 
TNA. 
CAT. 
EKT, 
VND. 
BOR, 
GLY. 
GAF. 
PAS. 
CP, ( 
CRZ. 



SIN, SOI. 

0R0. 

LUB. 

LUB. 

HK. 

SIN. 



EKT, UPM. 
EKT, UPM. 



UPM. 

DUP, HKD, HN, MRK, UCP. 



ACY, AIR, CO, LUB, PAR, SIN, SON, X. 

CO, LUB, 0R0, SHO, SIN, SON. 

CO, MOR, NOP, PAR, SHO, SOC, SOI, SON, SUN, TX, x, X. 



CCA. 

LUB, M3N. 

SHC. 

0R0. 

LUB, SIN. 

ACY, GDC, LUB, 0R0, SIN. 



146 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 22B.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

•Lubricating oil additives — Continued 

Phosphorodithioates (Dithiophosphates) 

All other 

p-Menthane 

8-p-Menthyl hydroperoxide 

4-Methoxyphenol 

Methylbenzylphenol mixture 

2-Methylcyclohexanol 

2,2-Methylenebis[6-tert-butyl-p-cresol] 

2, 2'-Methylenebis[4-chlorophenol] (Dichlorophene) 

2, 2 '-Methylenebisf 3, 4, 6-trichlorophenol] ( Hexachlorophene ) 
2, 2'-Methylenedi-p-cresol (Bis(5-methyl-2-hydroxyphenyl) 
methane) . 

Methyl gallate 

Methylglucoside 

4— Methylmorpholine 

Methyl phenyl phosphates 

l-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone, monomer 

Methyl terpinyl ether 

Morpholine 

Morpholine cocate 

Morpholine oleate 

Morpholine salt of p-toluenesulfonic acid 

*Naphthenic acid salts: 

Aluminum naphthenate 

Barium naphthenate 

Cadmium naphthenate 

*Calcium naphthenate 

Cobalt lead manganese naphthenate 

•Cobalt naphthenate 

•Iron naphthenate 

•Lead naphthenate 

Lithium naphthenate 

•Manganese naphthenate 

Mercury naphthenate 

Nickel naphthenate 

Rare earths naphthenate 

Strontium naphthenate 

•Zinc naphthenate 

Organic mercury compounds: 

Phenyl mercuric borate 

Pyridyl mercuric acetate 

All other 

Pentachlorophenylthioacetic acid 

Phenol thiosulfonic acid 

2-Phenoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monophenyl ether) 

2, 2'-(p-Phenyleneoxy) diethanol ( 2, 2-Paraphenylenedioxy- 
diethanol) . 

Phenylmagnesium bromide 

4-Phenylmorpholine 

5-Phosphorylribose-l-pyrophosphate 

♦Photographic chemicals: 

3-Amino-l, 2,4-triazole (5-Amino-l,3,4-triazole) 

*Benzotriazole 

Catechol (Pyrocatechin) 

5-Chlorobenzotriazole 

3-Chloro-4-diethylaminobenzenediazonium chloride 

(p-Diazo-2-chloro-N,N-diethylaniline) - zinc chloride. 

2, 4-Diaml nophenol dihydrochloride (Amidol) 

*p-Diethylaminobenzenediazonium chloride (p-Diazo-N,N- 
diethylaniline) - zinc chloride. 

N,N-Diethyl-p-phenylenediamine hydrochloride 

N,N-Diethyltoluene-2, 5-diamine, monohydrochloride 

2, 5-Dihydroxybenzenesulfonic acid 

p-Dimethylaminobenzenediazonium chloride (p-Diazo- 
N,N-dimethylaniline) - zinc chloride. 



MON, 


0R0. 










GDC, 


MON, 


0R0, 


SHC, 


SIN, 


TNA 


HNW, 


HPC. 










HNW, 


HPC. 










ASL, 


EKT, 


FBS. 








DOW. 












HK. 












CAT. 












GIV. 












GIV. 












GIV. 












HSH. 












CRN. 












JCC. 












TNA. 












GAF. 












JCC, 


UCC. 










ARC. 
PCH. 

AMB. 













CCA. 

CCA, FER, HAR, HNX, SHP, SOC, SPP, SRR, SW, WTC. 

HAR, HNX, SW. 

CCA, CCC, CS, FER, HAR, HNX, SHP, SOC, SPP, SRR, SW, 

WTC. 

CCA, HAR, HNX, SOC, SRR, WTC. 

CCA, CCC, CCW, FER, HAR, HNX, SHP, SOC, SPP, SRR, SW, 

WTC, x. 
CCA. 

CCA, CCC, FER, HAR, HNX, SHP, SOC, SPP, SRR, SW, WTC. 

HNX, MIL. 
CCA. 

CCA, HNX. 
CCA. 

CCA, CCC, FER, HAR, HNX, SHP, SOC, SRR, SW, WTC. 

BRK. 

MAL. 

MTL. 

DUP. 

GAF. 

DOW, UCC. 

EKT. 

ARA. 
UCC. 
PBS. 

FMT. 

EK, FMT, MRT. 

KPC. 

FMT. 

FMT. 

VPC. 

ACF, FMT, GAF, IDC, MRT. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

EK. 

FMT, IDC. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



147 



TABLE 22B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959- - Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

♦Photographic chemicals --Continued 

p-(N-Ethylbenzamido)benzenediazonium chloride (p-Diazo-N- 

benzyl-N-ethylaniline) . 
p-(N-Ethylbenzamido)benzenediazonium chloride (p-Diazo-N- 

benzyl-N-ethylaniline) - zinc chloride. 
p-[ Ethyl(2-hydroxyethyl) amino] benzenediazonium chloride 
(p-Diazo-N-ethyl-N-hydroxyethylaniline) - zinc chloride, 

N-Ethyl-N-hydroxyethyl-p-phenylenediamine sulfate 

N- Ethyl- N- ( p -methanesulf onamidoethyl ) toluene-2 , 5-diamine 
sulfate. 

Hydroquinone (Hydroquinol) 

p-[ (2-Hydroxyethyl)methylamino]benzenediazonium chloride 
(p-Diazo-N-hydroxyethyl-N-methylaniline) - zinc 
chloride . 

N-(p-Hydroxyphenyl) glycine 

l-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)urea 

4-Methoxy-l-naphthol 

p-Methylaminophenol sulfate (Metol) 

5-Methylbenzotriazole 

2-Methylnaphthoxazole 

2-Methylthiazoline 

6-Nitrobenz imidazole 

p-(N-Phenylamino) benzenediazonium chloride 

Phenylmercaptotetrazole 

l-Phenyl-3-pyrazolidone 

4-Phenylpyrocatechol 

4,4'-Thiodiresorcinol (Diresorcyl sulfide) 

2,5,6-Trimethylbenzoxazole 

All other 

Phthalic acid, lead salt, dibasic 

Pinene 

Pinene mercaptan 

Polyethylene terephthalate 

Polyvinyl phthalate 

•Propyl gallate 

Purine and pyrimidine derivatives 

Pyrogallol (Pyrogallic acid) 

Quinhydrone 

•Rosin acid salts: 

Aluminum resinate 

Calcium lead resinate 

Calcium resinate 

Calcium zinc resinate 

Cobalt resinate 

Copper resinate 

Iron resinate 

•Lead resinate 

Manganese resinate 

Zinc resinate 

Salicylanilide 

Salicylic acid, lead salt 

1-Salicylideneaminoguanidine, tall oil salt 

Silicones 

Sulfosalicylic acid 

Sodium cresoxide (Cresylic acid, sodium salt) 

Tall oil fatty acyl chloride 

•Tall oil salts (Linoleic-rosin acid salts) : 

Barium zinc tallate 

Calcium tallate ■ 

•Cobalt tallate 

Copper tallate 

Iron tallate 

Lead manganese tallate 

•Lead tallate 

•Manganese tallate 

Zinc glyceryl tallate 

Zinc tallate 

Tannic acid 



FMT. 










MRT. 










FMT, IDC. 










IDC. 










EKT. 










CRS, EKT. 










FMT, IDC. 










IDC. 










FMT. 










EKT. 










EK, HSH. 










EK. 










FMT. 










FMT. 










EK, FMT. 










FMT. 










FMT. 










GGY. 










EKT. 










BKC. 










FMT. 










FMT. 










NTL. 










GLD, KPC. 










DUP. 










DOT, EK. 










X. 










EKT, FIN, 


HN, 


HSH. 






PBS, SBR. 










HSH, MAL. 










HSH. 










JMS, MAL. 










JOD. 










JMS, SRR, 


sw. 








JOD. 










shp, wrc. 










JMS. 










JMS. 










HAR, JMS, 


SRR. 








JMS, SRR. 










GLD, HAR, 


JMS, 


SW. 






DOT, MON. 










NTL. 










DUP. 










DCC. 










MON, MRK. 










DEX, GOC. 










GAF. 










HAR. 










CCA, HNX, 


wtc. 








CCA, CCC, 


FER, 


HAR, 


HNX, SHP, 


SRR, WTC 


HNX, SHP. 










CCA, HNX, 


SRR, 


WTC. 






HAR. 










CCA, CCC, 


FER, 


HAR, 


HNX, SHP, 


SRR, WTC 


CCA, CCC, 


FER, 


HAR, 


HNX, SHP, 


WTC. 


CCA. 










CCA, HAR, 


HNX. 








MAL. 











148 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 22B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

♦Tanning materials, synthetic: 

Hydroxytoluenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate 
(Cresol-formaldehyde sulfonate), sodium salt. 
*2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate and 
salts. 

2-Naphtholsulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate 

l-Phenol-2-sulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate 

(Phenol-formaldehyde, sulfonated) . 
Styrene maleic anhydride interpolymer, partial sodium 

salt. 
Sulfonyldiphenolsulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate- - 

Terpene hydrocarbons 

2-Terpinoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol terpinyl ether) 

Tetra(diphenylphosphito)pentaerythritol 

1,2,3,4-Tetrahydronaphthalene (Tetralin) 

Tetrahydro-2-naphthylmethylidyne-l-octadecenylpyrimidine-- 

Tetrahydrothiophene 

Tetraphenylbutadiene 

♦Textile chemicals, other than surface-active agents: 

N- Benzyl (and N,N-dibenzyl)-p-sulfanilic acid 

1, 3 -Bis (hydroxymethyl) -2-imidazolidone (Dimethylol 
ethylene urea) . 

N 1 , N 1 -Diphenyl-1, 2-propanediami ne 

l-[ (Octadecyloxy)methyl]pyridinium chloride 

Phenol, sulfurated 

Protalbinic acid 

Saccharide bisulfite 

Stearamidomethylcarbamide 

2,2',4.,4'-Tetrahydroxybenzophenone 

2, 2'-Thiobis[4-chlorophenol] 

2,2'-Thiobis[4,6-dichlorophenol] 

o-Tolylbiguanide 

3, A, 4' -Trichlorocarbanilide 

3,4, 5-Trimethoxybenzoic acid 

s-Trioxane 

Triphenyl phosphite 

l-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone, monomer 

l-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone, polymer 

l-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone - vinyl acetate copolymer 

MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

*Acetaldehyde 

Acetamide 

Acetamidine hydrochloride 

2-Acetamidoethanol (N-Acetylethanolamine) 

Acethydrazide trimethylammonium chloride 

*Acetic acid, synthetic, 100$ 

*Acetic acid salts: 

Aluminum acetate 

Aluminum subacetate 

* Ammonium acetate 

Barium acetate 

Cadmium acetate 

Calcium acetate 

Chromium acetate 

Cobalt acetate 

*Copper acetate 

Lead acetate 

Lead subacetate 

Lead tetraacetate 

Magnesium acetate 

Manganese acetate 

Mercuric acetate 

Nickel acetate 

*Potassium acetate 

Silver acetate 



ACF, GRD, NOP, NYC, RH. 

NOP. 
NOP, RH. 

DUP. 

GAF. 

DUP. 

HPC. 

HKP. 

DUP. 

SPP. 

0R0, PAS. 

ARA. 

GAF. 
ACY, DEX. 

SNW. 

DUP. 

GAF. 

CMG. 

SNW. 

SNW. 

GAF. 

GIV. 

CAT, MON. 

MON. 

MON. 

FBS. 

CEL. 

HK, HKP, MON. 

GAF. 

GAF, SH. 

GAF. 



BFG, CEL, COM, DUP, EKT, EKX, GOC, HPC, MIC, PUB, 

UCC. 
ACG. 



RBC, 


UCC. 








ARA. 










CEL, 


COM, 


EKT, 


HPC, 


PUB, UCC 


ACG, 


ACY, 


NOP, 


UCC. 




MAL. 










ACG, 


BKC, 


MAL. 






ACG, 


BKC, 


MAL. 






ACG, 


MAL. 








ACG, 


BKC, 


MAL. 






ACY, 


VAL. 








BKC, 


HAR, 


SHP. 






ACG, 


BKC, 


UCC. 






ACG, 


BKC, 


MAL, 


SRR, 


SW. 


ACG, 


BKC. 








ARA. 










ACG, 


BKC. 








HAR. 










ACG, 


BKC, 


MAL. 






HAR. 










ACG, 

MAL. 


BKC, 


MAL, 


UCC. 





MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



149 



TABLE 22B. 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers 1 identification codes 
(according to iist in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC- -Continued 

•Acetic acid salts — Continued 

Sodium acetate 

•Zinc acetate 

Zirconium acetate 

All other 

•Acetic anhydride, 100^: 

From acetaldehyde 

From recovered acetic acid by the vapor-phase proeess- 
From acetic acid (other than recovered) by the vapor- 
phase process. 
Acetin: 

Mono 

Di 

Tri 

•Acetone: 

By fermentation 

From cumene 

•From isopropyl alcohol 

All other 

Acetone semicarbazone 

Acetonitrile 

Acetyl chloride 

Acetylenedicarboxylic acid 

Acetyl peroxide 

Acrolein (Acrylaldehyde) 

•Acrylic acid 

Acrylic monomers not specifically listed 

•Acrylonitrile 

•Adipic acid 

Adiponitrile 

Adipyl chloride 

•Alcohols, monohydric, unsubstituted: 
•Alcohols C 9 or lower: 

Allyl alcohol 

Amyl alcohols : 
Unmixed : 

Amyl alcohol (n-Pentyl alcohol) 

Isopentyl alcohol (Isoamyl alcohol) 

2-Methyl-2-butanol (tert-Amyl alcohol) 

2-Pentanol 

Mixed: 

Fusel oil, crude 

Fusel oil, refined 

Other than fusel oil: 

Primary mixed 

Secondary mixed 

Other 

»3utyl alcohols : 
Primary: 

Iso ( Isopropylcarbinol) 

Normal (n-Propylcarbinol) 

Secondary (Methylethylcarbinol) 

Tertiary (Trimethylcarbinol) 

Mixed 

2,6-Dimethyl-4-heptanol (Diisobutylcarbinol) 

•Ethyl alcohol, synthetic 

2-Ethyl-l-butanol (sec-Hexyl alcohol) 

2-Ethyl-l-hexanol 

2-Ethyl-4-methyl-l-pentanol 

Hexyl alcohol 

l-Hexyn-3-ol 

3-Hexyn-2-ol 

»Iso-octyl alcohols 

•Isopropyl alcohol (Isopropanol) 

•Methanol, synthetic 

3-Methyl-3-pentanol 

A-Methyl-2-pentanol (l-Methylisobutylcarbinol) 

3-Methyl-l-pentyn-3-ol (Methylparafynol) 



ACG, 


BKC, 


CEL, 


MAL, 


UCC 


ACG, 


BKC, 


HAR, 


MAL, 


UCC 


NTL. 










UCC. 










HPC, 


UCC. 








CEL, 


EKT, 


HPC. 






CEL, 


EKT. 








KES. 










KES. 










EKT, 


KES. 








PUB. 










ACP, 


HPC, 


SHC, 


SOC. 




EKT, 


ESL, 


SHC, 


UCC, 


X. 


CEL. 










NOR. 










UCC. 










TBK. 










ACF. 










WTL. 










UCC. 










BFG, 


RH, 


UCC. 






RH. 










ACY, 


BFG, 


MTC, 


UCC. 




ACF, 


CS, 


DUP, 


WON. 




CS, 


DUP. 








EK. 











PAS. 

FB, USI. 
PAS. 
PAS. 

USI. 

COM, PUB, USI. 

EKX, FAS, UCC. 

PAS. 

PAS. 



CEL, 
CEL, 
SHC, 
SHC. 
CEL, 
UCC. 
DUP, 
UCC. 
EKX, 
EKX, 
CEL, 
AIR. 
LIL. 
EKX, 
ESL, 
ACN, 
AIR. 
SHC, 
AIR. 



DUP, EKT, EKX, UCC. 
DUP, EKT, PUB, UCC. 



EKX, ESL, HPC, NPC, SHC, UCC. 

UCC. 

KF. 

ESL, UCC. 



ESL, GOC, SOI. 

SHC, UCC. 

CEL, COM, DUP, ESC, GOC, HPC, ICC, RH, SPN, UCC. 



150 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 22B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

♦Alcohols, monohydricj unsubstituted- -Continued 
♦Alcohols C9 or lower — Continued 

Nonyl alcohol 

♦1-Octanol 

♦2-0ctanol 

Propyl alcohol (Propanol) 

All other 

♦Alcohols C10 or higher: 

♦Decyl alcohols -- 

3,9-Diethyl-6-tridecanol 

Dodecyl alcohol (Lauryl alcohol) 

7-Ethyl-2-methyl-4-hendecanol 

5-Ethyl-2-nonanol 

♦1-Hexadecanol (Cetyl alcohol) 

1-Octadecanol (Stearyl alcohol) 

cis-9-0ctadecen-l-ol (Oleyl alcohol) 

1-Tridecanol 

2,6,8-Trimethyl-4-nonanol 

All other 

Aldol (Acetaldol)- 

ALkylene oxides, mixed 

AUsyl mercaptans and thioethers 

Aliyl sulfides 

Allyl(hydroxyethyl)urea 

Allyl isothiocyanate, nonflavoring grade 

l-(Allyloxy)-2,3-epoxypropane (Allyl glycidyl ether)- 
3-(Allyloxy)-l, 2-propanediol (Allyl glyceryl ether)- 

Aluminum isopropoxide (Aluminum isopropylate) 

Amidinourea (Guanylurea) phosphate 

Amidinourea (Guanylurea) sulfate 

♦Amines : 

♦Butylamine 

tert-Butylamine 

Cetyldimethylamine 

♦Coconut oil amine 

Coco-alky lenediamines 

Diallylamine 

Dibutylamine 

N,N-Dibutyl-l,3-propanediamine 

♦Diethylamine 

Diethylamine hydrochloride 

Diethylenetri amine 

N,N-Diethylethylenediamine 

N ,N 1 -Diethyl-l,4-pentanediamine (Novoldiamine) 

N,N-Diethyl-1, 3-propanediamine 

Diisopropylamine 

♦Dimethylamine 

Dimethylamine sulfate 

N, N-Dimethyloctadecylamine (Stearyldimethylamine)-- 

N,N-Dimethyl-1, 3-propanediamine 

Dimethyl tallow amine, dihydrogenated 

Dipentylamine (Diamylamine) 

Dipropylamine 

Dipropylenetri amine 

Dodecylamine 

Ethylamine 

Ethylenedi amine 

Ethylenediamine dihydrochloride 

Fish oil amines, hydrogenated 

♦Hexadecylamine 

1, 6-Hexanediamine (Hexamethylenediamine) 

3,3'-Iminobispropylamine 

Isobutylamine 

Isopentylamine 

Isopropylamine 

♦Methylamine, mono- 

Octadecylamine 

Octylamine 



EKX. 




DUP. 




RH, WTH. 




CEL, DUP, 


UCC. 


AIR, CEL, 


EKX. 


DUP, ESL, 


PG, SOI, UCC. 


UCC. 




DUP, PG. 




UCC. 




UCC. 




ADM, DUP, 


WTH. 


ADM, DUP, 


PG. 


ADM, DUP. 




ESL. 




UCC. 




ADM, DUP, 


GOC, HMY, PG, 


UCC. 




DOW. 




HMY. 




ORO. 




FMT. 




FBS. 




SHC. 




SHC. 




ORT, SFA. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




EKT, PAS, 


UCC. 


MON, RH. 




ONX. 




AM, ARC, 


GNM. 


ARC, GNM. 




SHC. 




PAS, UCC. 




ACY. 




DUP, PAS, 


UCC. 


BKL. 




DOW, UCC. 




COK, GGY. 




SDH. 




ACY, UCC. 




PAS. 




COM, DUP, 


PAS, RH. 


RH. 




ARC, x. 




ACY, UCC. 




ADM, ARC. 




EK, PAS. 




PAS. 




UCC. 




ARC, GNM. 




PAS, UCC. 




DOW, HMP, 


UCC. 


BKC. 




ADM. 




ADM, ARC, 


GNM. 


CS, DUP. 




ACY, UCC. 




PAS. 




ALB, PAS. 




PAS, UCC. 




COM, DUP, 


PAS, RH. 


ARC, GNM. 




ARC, RH, UCC. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



151 



TABLE 22B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

*Amin_-s — Continued 

Pentylamine (Monoamylamine) 

Primary amines, mixed 

1, 2-Propanediamine (Propylenediamine) 

Propylamine 

Soybean oil amine 

Tallow amine 

*Tallow amine, hydrogenated 

Tallow-alky lenediamines 

Tetraethylenepentamine 

N,N,N',N'-Tetramethyl-1, 3-butanediamine 

N, N, N',N'-Tetramethylethylenediamine 

Tributylamine 

Tricaprylylamine 

Triethylamine 

Triethylenetetramine 

*Trimethylamine 

Tripentylamine 

All other 

Amine acid reaction products 

2-Amino-l-butanol 

1-Aminoethanol (Acetaldehyde ammonia) 

Aminoethoxypropylsilane 

2-(2-Aminoethylamino)ethanol (Aminoethylethanolamine) 

2-Amino-2-ethyl-l,3-propanediol 

Aminoguanidine bicarbonate 

Aminoguanidine sulfate 

2-Amino-2-(hydroxymethyl)-l,3-propanediol (Tris(hydroxy- 
methyl )ami nome thane ) . 

2-Amino-2-methyl-l,3-propanediol 

2-Amino-2-methyl-l-propanol 

2-Amino-2-methyl-l-propanol hydrochloride 

3-Amino-l-propanol 

*Amyl acetates, 90^6: 

Amyl acetate (n-Pentyl acetate) 

Isopentyl acetate (Isoamyl acetate) 

Mixed 

Azelaic acid 

2, 2' -Azobis[ 2-methylpropionitrile] ( a , a '-Azodiisobutyro- 
nitrile) . 

Barbituric acid, sodium salt 

Behenic acid 

Bis[2-(2-butoxyethoxy)etnyl] ether ( Tetraethylene glycol 

dibutyl ether) . 
Bis(2-butoxyethyl) ether (Methylene glycol di-n-butyl 
ether) . 

Bis(2-chloroethoxy)methane (Dichloroethylformal) 

*Bis(2-chloroethyl) ether ( Dichlorodiethyl ether) 

Bis(2-chloro-l-methylethyl) ether (Dichloroisopropyl 
ether) . 

Bis(2,6-dimethyl-4-heptyl) maleate 

Bis(dodecyltrimethylammonium) polythionate 

Bis(2-ethoxyethyl) ether (Methylene glycol diethyl ether)- 

1, 3-Bis(hydroxymethyl)urea (Mmethylolurea) 

Bis[2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethyl] ether (Tetraethylene glycol 

dimethyl ether) . 
Bis(2-methoxyethyl) ether (Methylene glycol dimethyl 
ether) . 

Biuret 

Boric acid esters: 

Trihexylene glycol biborate 

Trlmethyl borate 

All other 

Boron fluoride ethyl ether complex 

Boron trifluoride monoethylamine complex 

N-Bromoacetamide 

2-Bromododecanoic acid (a-Bromolauric acid) 

N-Bromosuccinimide (Succinibromimide) 



PAS. 

RH. 

UCC. 

PAS, UCC. 

ARC, GNM. 

ADM, ARC, GNM. 

ADM, ARC, GNM. 

ARC, GNM. 

DOW, UCC. 

UCC. 

ALB. 

PAS. 

GNM. 

PAS, UCC. 

DOW, UCC. 

COM, DUP, PAS, RH. 

PAS. 

ARC, MON. 

SHC. 

COM. 

TBK. 

UCS. 

JCC, UCC. 

COM. 

TRJ. 

GAF. 

COM. 

COM. 
COM. 
VAL. 
ACY. 

COM, EK, MAL, TBK. 

FB, NW. 

PAS, PUB, UCC. 

EMR. 
WST. 

KF. 
ADM. 
RBC. 

DOW, UCC. 

TKL. 

JCC, CMC, UCC, WYN. 

DOW, WYN. 

GAF. 

BKC, PAS. 
UCC. 
DUP, x. 
ASL. 

ASL. 

SW. 

USB. 
MIR. 
USB. 
ACG. 
ACG. 
ARA. 
DUP. 
ARA, SDW. 



152 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 22B. 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

l,2(and l,3)-Butanediol (Butylene glycol) 

1,4-Butanediol 

2, 3-Butanedione 2-oxirae 

2-Butanone (Methyl ethyl ketone) 

Butanone mixture 

2-Butanone oxime 

2-Butanone peroxide 

2-Butene-l,4-diol 

3-Buten-2-one (Methyl vinyl ketone) 

l-Butoxy-2, 3-epoxypropane (Butyl glycidyl ether) 

2-Butoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether) 

2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol monobutyl 

ether) . 
2-[2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene glycol 
monobutyl ether) . 

2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethyl acetate 

l-Butoxyethoxy-2-propanol 

2-Butoxyethyl acetate 

* Butyl acetates, 90$: 

Iso 

*Normal 

Secondary 

Mixed 

Butyl aery late 

Butylene oxide 

Butyl ether (Di-n-butyl ether) 

tert-Butyl hydroperoxide 

Butyl isocyanate 

Butyl lactate 

tert-Butyl peroxide (Di-tert-butyl peroxide) 

tert-Butyl peroxyacetate 

tert-Butyl peroxyisobutyrate 

1-Butyne (Ethylacetylene) 

2-Butyne-l,<;-diol 

Butyraldehyde 

Butyraldehyde oxime 

* Butyric acid 

Butyric anhydride 

Butyrolactone 

Butyryl chloride 

*Carbon disulfide 

2-Carboxymethyl semicarbazide 

*Cellulose esters: 

^Cellulose acetate 

Cellulose acetate butyrate 

Cellulose acetate propionate 

Cellulose propionate 

Nitrocellulose (Cellulose nitrate) 

All other 

*Cellulose ethers: 

Ethylcellulose 

Ethylhydromethylcellulose 

Hydroxyethylcellulose 

Methylcellulose 

*Sodium carboxymethylcellulose, 100$ 

Sodium carboxymethylhydroxyethylcellulose 

*Chloral (Trichloroacetaldehyde) 

*Chloroacetic acid, mono- 

Chloroacetic acid, mono, derivatives : 

Butyl chloroacetate 

Ethyl chloroacetate — 

Methyl chloroacetate 

Sodium chloroacetate 

Chloroacetic anhydride 

Chloroacetonitrile 

Chloroacetyl chloride 

*2-Chloro-N,N-dimethylethylamine (Dimethylaminoethyl 
chloride) hydrochloride. 
2-Chloro-N,N-dlmethylpropylaioine hydrochloride 



CEL. 

GAF. 

EK. 

EKT, SHC, X. 

CEL. 

ACF, ALB, X. 

CAD, WTL. 

GAF. 

PFZ. 

SHC. 

CMC, UCC. 

CMC, UCC. 

DOW, OMC. 



UCC. 
UCC. 
UCC. 

CEL, 

CEL, 

ESL, 

CEL, 

CEL. 

UCC. 

EK, 

CAD, 

CWN. 

COM. 

SHC, 

WTL- 

WTL. 

AIR. 

GAF. 

CEL, 

ACF. 

CEL, 

EKT, 

GAF. 

HK. 

ACG, 

NOR. 



EKT, PAS, UCC. 

COM, EK, EKT, PUB, UCC. 

HPC, x. 

EKT. 



UCC. 
SHC, WTL. 



EKT, EKX, UCC. 



EKT, UCC. 
UCC. 



BKT, FMW, OLH, PAS, PPG, SF, WRS. 



AV, CEL, DUP, EKT, HPC. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

CEL. 

DUP, HPC. 



DOW, HPC. 

HPC. 

UCC. 

DOW. 

BUK, DUP, HPC, KON, WiN. 

BUK, HPC. 

DA, FMW, GGY, MTO. 

BPC, BUK, DOW, HPC, MON. 

MON. 

DOW, KF, MON. 

DOW, KF. 

DOW. 

BPC. 

BPC. 

DOW. 

ABB, BKL, GAM, HEX, MCH, NES. 

MCH. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



153 



TABLE 22B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

3-Chloro-N, N-dimethylpropylamine hydrochloride 

2-Chloroethanol (Ethylene chlorohydrin) 

2-(2-Chloroethoxy)ethyl 2-chloroethyl ether (Triethylene 
glycol diehloride) . 

N-(2-Chloroethyl)diisopropylamine hydrochloride 

2-Chloroethyl vinyl ether 

Chloromethyl methyl ether 

Chloromethyl silanes 

l-Chloro-l-penten-3-one Q3 -Chlorovinyl ethyl ketone) 

3-Chloro-l,2-propanediol (Glycerol a -chlorohydrin) 

Chloro-2-propanone (Chloroacetone) 

N-Chlorosuccinimide (Succinichlorimide) 

2-Chlorotriethylamine (Diethylaminoethyl chloride) 

2-Chlorotriethylamine hydrochloride 

4-Chloro-N, N, 1-trimethylpropylamine hydrochloride 

Chlorotrimethylsilane 

Citric acid 

Citric acid salts : 

Ammonium citrate 

Barium citrate 

Calcium citrate 

Ferric ammonium citrate 

Ferric citrate 

Ferrous calcium citrate 

Manganese citrate 

Potassium citrate 

Sodium citrate 

Coconut oil amide 

Crotonaldehyde 

Crotonic acid (2-Butenoic acid) 

2-Cyanoacetamide 

Cyanoacetic acid 

2-Cyanopropylamine 

n-Decane 

1, 10-Decanediol 

Decanoic acid (Capric acid) 

Decanoyl chloride 

1-Decene 

Decyl hydrogen succinate 

1, 2-Dibutoxyethane (Ethylene glycol di-n-butyl ether) 

2-Dibutylaminoethanol 

Dibutyl fumarate 

Di-n-butylmercury 

Dibutylmethoxytin (Dibutyl tin methoxide) 

l,3-Dibutyl-2- thiourea 

Dichloroacetaldehyde 

Dichloroacetic acid 

Dichloroacetyl chloride 

Dichlorodimethylsilane 

Dichlorohydrogenmethylsilane 

Dichloromethylvinylsilane 

Di(l, 2-epoxypropane) amine 

Dietnoxydimethylsilane 

Diethylaluminum chloride 

Diethyl adipate 

2-Diethylaminoethanol 

2-Diethylaminoethyl methacrylate 

Diethylaminopropionamide 

Diethyl sec-butylethylmalonate 

Diethyl butylmalonate 

Diethyl sec -butylmalonate 

Diethylcarbamoyl chloride 

Diethyl carbonate (Ethyl carbonate) 

Diethyl diethylmalonate (Diethyl malonic ester) 

*Diethylene glycol 

Diethylene glycol chloroformate 

Diethyl (ethoxymethylene)malonate 

Diethyl ethylisopentylmalonate 

Diethyl ethyl(l-methylbutyl)malonate 



MCH, 


NES. 




CMC, 


TKL, UCC, x. 




UCC. 






MCH. 






UCC. 






EK, 


HK, x. 




SPD. 






ABB. 






EKT, 


FBS, RBC. 




EK. 






ACF. 






NES. 






BKL, 


GAM, MCH. 




MCH. 






UCS. 






ML, 


PFZ. 




MAL, 


PFZ. 




SW. 






PFZ. 






MAL, 


PFZ. 




MAL. 






BKL. 






MAL. 






MAL, 


PFZ. 




MAL, 


PFZ. 




ADM, 


ARC, KES. 




CEL, 


EKT, UCC. 




EKT, 


UCC. 




KF. 






KF. 






EKT. 






HMY. 






KLK. 






FOR. 






HK. 






HMY. 






KES. 






DOW. 






PAS. 






MON, 


RUB. 




EK. 






X. 






PAS. 






FMW. 






KF. 






EK, 


KF. 




UCS. 






UCS. 






DCC. 






DUP. 






UCS. 






TNA. 






ARA. 






PAS, 


UCC. 




DUP. 






DUP. 






ABB. 






BPC. 






ABB. 






GAM. 






DLM, 


FMP. 




ABB, 


LIL. 




ACN, 


CAU, DOW, GAF, JCC, CMC, UCC, WYN 


PPG. 






KF. 






BPC, 


KF, LIL. 




ABB. 







154 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 22B. 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Di-2-ethylhexyl fumarate 

Di-2-ethyl-l-hexyl raaleate 

N,N-Diethylhydroxylamine oxalate 

Diethyl maleate : 

•Diethyl malonate (Malonic ester) 

Diethyl (l-methylbutyl)malonate 

Diethyl oxalate (Ethyl oxalate) 

Diethylthiophosphoryl chloride 

1, 3-Diethyl-2-thiourea 

Diglycolic acid 

2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutyric acid, Y -lactone (Panto- 
lac tone). 

1, 3-Dihydroxy-2-propanone 

2-Diisopropylaminoethanol 

Diisopropylammonium nitrite 

Diisopropyl peroxydicarbonate (Isopropyl percarbonate) 

l,3-Diisopropyl-2-thiourea 

Dime thoxye thane (Ethylene glycol dimethyl ether) 

N,N-Dimethylacetamide 

*2-Dimethylaminoethanol 

3-Dimethylaminopropionitrile 

2,3-Dimethyl-2,3-butanediol, hydrate 

3,3-Dimethyl-2-butanone (Pinacolone) 

Dime thy lcarbamoyl chloride 

N, N-Dimethylf ormamide 

Dimethylglyoxime 

2, 5-Dimethyl-2,5-hexanediol 

2, 5-Dimethyl-3-hexyne-2,5-diol 

1, 1-Dimethylhydrazine 

Dimethyl malonate 

3,6-Dimethyl-4-octyne-3,6-diol 

Di(4-methyl-2-pentyl) maleate 

2, 2-Dimethyl-l, 3-propanediol (Neopentyl glycol) 

Dimethyl sulfoxide 

1, 3-Dimethylurea 

Dioctyl maleate 

Dioleyl maleate 

Dipentaerythritol 

Dipropylene glycol 

n-Dodecane 

Dodecanemethylenimine (Dodecyl-azome thine) 

1-Dodecene 

•Dodecenylsuccinic anhydride 

*Epichlorohydrin 

Erucamide 

Erucic acid 

♦Ethanolamines : 

*2-Aminoethanol (Monoethanolamine) 

*2,2'-Iminodiethanol (Diethanolamine) 

*2,2',2"-Nitrilotriethanol (Triethanolamine) 

Ethanolamine salt with formaldehyde 

2-Ethoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether) 

2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol monoethyl 

ether) . 
2-[2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene glycol 
monoethyl ether) . 

2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethyl acetate 

2-Ethoxyethyl acetate 

3-Ethoxypropionitrile 

1-Ethoxy-l, 3,3-trimethoxypropane 

*Ethyl acetate, 855& 

Ethyl acetoacetate 

•Ethyl acrylate 

Ethylaluminum dichloride 

Ethylaluminum sesquichloride 

2-Ethylaminoethanol (Ethylmonoethanolamine) 

Ethyl bromoacetate 

2-Ethylbutyr aldehyde 



RUB. 










AHC, 


QCP, UCC. 








EK. 










ACY, 


UCC. 








ABB, 


KF, LIL. 








ABB, 


LIL. 








BPC, 


FMP. 








ACY. 










PAS. 










DUP. 










ACY. 










PFZ. 










PAS. 










OMC. 










PPG. 










PAS. 










ARA, 


ASL. 








ARA, 


DUP, EK. 








PAS, 


RH, UCC. 








ACY. 










ARA. 










ARA. 










GAM. 










CUP. 










EK, 


PRE. 








AIR. 










AIR. 










FMP, 


FMW. 








KF. 










AIR. 










RUB. 










EKX. 










CRZ. 










PAS. 










DEC, 


RUB. 








MON. 










HPC. 










CEL, 


DOW, JCC, 


UCC. 






HMY. 










SPP. 










HMY. 










ACF, 


HMY, MON. 








DOW, 


SHC, UCC. 








ADM, 


FIN. 








ADM. 










ACN, 


DOW, JCC, 


CMC, 


UCC. 




ACN, 


DOW, JCC, 


OMC, 


UCC. 




ACN, 


DOW, JCC, 


CMC, 


UCC. 




RH. 










DOW, 


OMC, UCC. 








DOW, 


OMC, UCC. 








DOW, 


OMC. 








ucc. 










EKT, 


UCC. 








ACY. 










KF. 










COM, 


EKT, ESL, 


HPC, 


PUB, SHW, UCC 


FMP, 


UCC. 








CEL, 


RH, UCC. 








TNA. 










TNA. 










PAS. 










DOW. 
UCC. 











MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



155 



TABLE 22B.-- Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

2-Ethylbutyrlc acid (Diethylacetic acid) 

Ethyl carbamate 

Ethyl chloroformate 

Ethyl cyanoacetate 

Ethylene, from ethyl alcohol 

Ethylene carbonate 

"Ethylene glycol 

Ethylene glycol diacetate 

Ethylene glycol dimercaptoacetate 

•Ethylene oxide 

»Ethyl ether: 

Absolute 

Tech 

U.S.P - 

*Ethyl formate 

2-Ethylhexanal (ct-Ethylcaproaldehyde) 

2-Ethyl-l, 3-hexanediol 

2-Ethylhexanoic acid (a-Ethylcaproic acid) 

*2-Ethylhexanoic acid (a-Ethylcaproic acid) salts: 

Aluminum 2-ethylhexanoate 

Barium 2-ethylhexanoate 

Cadmium 2-ethylhexanoate 

*Calcium 2-ethylhexanoate 

*Cobalt 2-ethylhexanoate 

Copper 2-ethylhexanoate 

Iron 2-ethylhexanoate 

*Lead 2-ethylhexanoate 

Lithium 2-ethylhexanoate 

♦Manganese 2-ethylhexanoate 

Rare earths 2-ethylhexanoate 

Strontium 2-ethylhexanoate 

»ZLnc 2-ethylhexanoate 

Zirconium 2-ethylhexanoate 

2-Ethyl-2-hexenoic acid (2-Ethyl-3-propylacrylic acid)- 

2-Ethyl-l-hexyl acetate 

2-Ethyl-l-hexyl aery late 

Ethyl 2-hydroxy-3-methylbutyrate (Ethyl oc-hydroxyiso- 

valerate). 
2-Ethyl-2-(hydroxymethyl)-l,3-propanediol ( Trimethylol- 

propane). 
2,2'-(Ethylimino)diethanol (N,N-Bis-(2-hydroxyethyl)- 
ethylamine) . 

2-Ethylisohexyl acetate 

Ethyl lactate 

Ethylmagnesium bromide 

2-(Ethylmercapto)ethanol 

Ethyl 2-methyllactate (Ethyl a-hydroxyisobutyrate) 

2-Ethyl-4-methylvaleric acid (2-Ethylisohexoic acid)--- 

Ethyl polysiloxanes 

*Ethyl propionate 

Ethyl propyl nitrate 

Ethyl silicate (Tetraethoxysilane) 

Ethyl sulfate (Diethyl sulfate) 

Ethyl vinyl ether 

Fats and oils, chemically modified: 

Castor oil, phosphated 

Lard oil, nitrated 

Vegetable oils, brominated 

All other 

Fatty acids, chemically modified: 

a-Bromo(lauric-stearic) acids 

Castor oil fatty acids, dehydrated 

Stearic acid, dehydrated 

*Fatty acid esters, not included with plasticizers or 
surface-active agents: 

Butyl palmitate 

Ethyl 3-oxoeico8anoate (Ethyl stearoylacetate) 

Ethyl stearate 



UCC. 

FMP. 

FMP. 

KF. 

OH. 

JCC. 

ACN, CAU, CEL, DOW, DUP, GAF, JCC, CMC, UCC, WYN. 

UCC. 

EVN. 

ACN, CAU, DOW, GAF, JCC, CMC, UCC, WYN. 

MAL. 

EKX, ESL, HPC, NPC, UCC. 

MAL, QMS. 

COM, FB, TBK, UCC. 

EKX, UCC. 

UCC. 

EKT, UCC. 



ROS. 

FER, HAR, HNX, SRR, SW, WTC. 

CCW, FER, HAR, HNX, SRR, SW, WTC. 

SRR. 

HAR, HNX, NTL, SRR, SW, WTC. 

HAR, HNX, SRR, SW. 



HAR, HNX, ROS, SRR, WTC. 
HNX. 



UCC. 
UCC. 



WTC. 
CCA. 
CCA, 
CCA, 
CCA, 
CCA, 
WTC. 
CCA, 
WTC. 
CCA, 
CCA. 
CCA. 
CCA, 
CCA, 
UCC. 
DEC, 
CEL, 
RH. 

CEL. 

PAS. 



EKT. 

ACY, KF. 

ARA. 

PAS. 

RH. 

EKT. 

SFA. 

FB, NW, TBK. 

TNA. 

MTR, SFA, UCC. 

UCC. 

UCC. 

VIC. 
SPP. 

DOM, RT. 
BAG, RT. 

DUP. 
BAC. 
RH. 



156 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 22B. 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

•Fatty acid esters, not included with plasticizers or 
surface-active agents — Continued 

Hexadecyl stearate 

*Isopropyl myristate 

•Isopropyl oleate 

Isopropyl palmitate 

Isopropyl stearate 

Methyl decanoate 

Methyl ester of coconut oil 

Methyl ester of lard oil 

Methyl esters of tallow 

Methyl 12-hydroxystearate 

Methyl myristate 

Methyl octanoate 

Pentaerythritol monostearate 

1, 2-Propylene glycol dioleate 

Vinyl stearate, monomer and polymer 

All other 

Flotation reagents : 

Isopropyl ethyl thionocarbamate 

Phosphorodithioates (Dithiophosphates) : 

Potassium dihexyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium di-sec-butyl diethyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium di-sec-butyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium diethyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium dihexyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium diisopropyl phosphorodithioate 

Xanthates : 

Potassium n-butylxanthate 

Potassium sec-butyLxanthate 

Potassium ethylxanthate 

Potassium hexylxanthate 

Potassium isopropylxanthate 

Potassium pentyLxanthates 

Potassium sec-pentyLxanthate 

Sodium n-butylxanthate 

Sodium sec-butylxanthate 

Sodium ethylxanthate 

Sodium isopropylxanthate 

All other 

•Formaldehyde, 37$ by weight 

Formamide 

•Formic acid, 90% 

•Formic acid salts: 

Aluminum formate 

Ammonium formate 

Calcium formate 

Chromic formate 

Copper formate 

Lead formate 

Nickel formate 

Sodium formate, refined 

Sodium formate, tech 

Thallous formate 

•Fumaric acid 

Fumarie acid, lead salt (Tetrabasic) 

Gluconic acid, tech 

Glutaric acid 

Glycerol, synthetic 

Glycerol tri(polyoxypropylene) ether 

Glycidol (2,3-Epoxy-l-propanol) 

Glycine (Aminoacetic acid), tech 

Glycine, cupric salt 

Glycine ethyl ester hydrochloride 

Glycolic acid (Hydroxyacetic acid) 

Glycolonitrile 

Glyoxal 



KES. 

AHC, GIV, KES, PRP. 

AHC, KES, PFZ, PRP. 

AHC, GIV, KES, PRP. 

KES, PRP. 

FOR. 

FOR. 

CCW. 

FOR. 

BAG. 

FOR. 

FOR. 

JNS. 

DRW. 

AIR. 

RT, x. 

DOW. 

ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY. 

USR. 

DOW. 

ACY, DOW. 

DOW. 

DOW. 

ACY, DOW. 

DOW. 

DOW, KCC, USR. 

ACY. 

ACY, DOW. 

ACY, DOW. 

ACY. 

ACN, BOR, CEL, COM, DUP, HKD, HN, HPC, KF, MRK, MTC, 

RCI, RH, SPN, TRJ, UCP. 
DUP. 
DUP, HN, MAL, VIC. 

SNW, VIC, UCC. 

ACG, HEX. 

TRJ. 

GAF. 

CIT. 

NTL. 

HAR. 

ACG. 

HN, HPC, TEK. 

EK. 

ACF, BZ, MON. 

NTL. 

DLI, PFZ. 

EK. 

DOW, SHC. 

UCC, WYN. 

RBC. 

BPC. 

BPC. 

BPC. 

DUP. 

ACY. 

UCC. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



157 



TABLE 22B. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1959 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC- -Continued 

Guanidine hydrochloride 

Guanosine and derivatives 

4-Guanyl-l-isonitrosoguanyl-l-tetrazene 

*Halogenated hydrocarbons: 

1-Bromobutane (n-Butyl bromide) 

2-Bromobutane (sec-Butyl bromide) 

Bromochloromethane 

l-Bromo-3-chloropropane (Trimethylenechlorobromide) 

1-Bromododecane 

Bromoethane (Ethyl bromide) 

1-Bromohexadecane (Cetyl bromide) 

1-Bromohexane (n-Hexyl bromide) 

2-Bromo-3-hexyne 

1-Bromo-octadecane 

1-Bromopentane (n-Amyl bromide) 

2-Bromopentane ( 1-Methylbutyl bromide) 

1-Bromopropane (n-Propyl bromide) 

2-Bromopropane (Isopropyl bromide) 

3-Bromopropene (Allyl bromide) 

3-Bromopropyne 

Bromotrichloromethane 

Bromotrifluoromethane 

*Carbon tetrachloride 

^Chlorinated paraffins: 

Less than 35$ chlorine 

*35#-64# chlorine 

65$ or more chlorine 

1-Chlorobutane (n-Butyl chloride) 

2-Chlorobutane * 

1-Chloro-l, 1-dif luoroethane 

*Chlorodifluoromethane 

1-Chlorododecane (Lauryl chloride) 

*Chloroethane (Ethyl chloride) : 

Tech 

U.S.P 

*Chlorof orm : 

*Tech 

*U.S.P 

*Chloromethane (Methyl chloride) : 

Crude 

Refined (refrigerant grade) 

l-Chloro-3-methylbutane (Isoamyl chloride) 

2-Chloro-2-methylpropane (tert-Butyl chloride) 

3-Chloro-2-methylpropene (Methallyl chloride) 

Chloropentanes, mixed isomers 

2-Chloropropane (Isopropyl chloride) 

3-Chloropropene (Allyl chloride) 

Chlorotrifluoroethylene, (Trifluorovinyl chloride) - 

Chlorotrifluoroethylene, polymerized 

Chlorotrifluoromethane 

Dibromodifluorome thane 

1, 2-Dibromoethane (Ethylene dibromide) 

Dibramomethane (Methylene bromide) 

1, 2-Dibromo-l, 1, 2, 2-tetraf luoroethane 

1,4-Dichlorobutane 

»Dichlorodifluoromethane 

*l,2-Dichloroe thane (Ethylene dichloride) 

»Dichloromethane (Methylene chloride) 

Dichloromonofluoromethane 

Dichloropentanes, mixed isomers 

1, 2-Dichloropropane (Propylene dichloride) 

2, 3-Dichloropropene 

*Dichlorotetraf luoroethane 

1, 1-Dif luoroethane 

Difluorotetrachloroe thane 

Diiodomethane (Methylene iodide) 

Hexafluoropropene 

Iodoethane (Ethyl iodide), tech 

Iodoform (Triiodomethane) 



ACY, 
SBR. 
REM. 

DOW, 
ABB, 
DOW. 
DOW, 
DOW, 
DOW, 
DOW. 
BPC. 
LIL. 
DUP, 
DOW. 
ABB, 
DOW. 
DOW. 
DOW. 
GAF. 
DOW. 
DOW, 
ACO, 

HK, : 

DA, 

DA. 

UCC. 

EK. 

ACG. 

ACG, 

HMY, 

DOW, 
DOW, 

ACO, 
ACO, 

ASL, 

ACO, 

LIL. 

EK. 

FMP. 

PAS. 

DOW. 

DOW, 

ACG, 

ACG, 

DUP. 

DOW, 

AMP, 

DOW. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

ACG, 

DA, 

ACO, 

ACG. 

PAS. 

DOW, 

RBC, 

ACG, 

ACG. 

DUP. 

NTB, 

DUP. 

CLB, 

NTB, 



EK. 
DOW. 

MCH. 
HMY. 
MCH. 



GAF. 
LIL. 



DA, DOW, FMW, FRO, MAL, PPG, SF. 

x. 

HK, HPC, UCP, UWS. 



DUP, PAS, UCC. 
USR. 

DUP, HPC, MTO, NPC, TNA. 
SHC. 

BR, DA, DOW, DUP, FRO, KLK, SF. 
BR, DA, DOW, KLK. 



DCC, KLK, SPD. 
DA, DOW, DUP. 



SHC. 
DUP. 
HK. 



DUP. 

DOW, ETD, FMW, MCH. 



DUP, PAS, UCC. 
DOW, JCC, MTC, CMC, RH, TNA, UCC, WYN. 
DA, DOW, DUP, FRO, KLK, SF. 



JCC, UCC, WYN. 

UCC. 

DUP, PAS. 



158 



SYNThtTIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1950 



TABLE 22B. ■ 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

"Halogenated hydrocarbons — Continued 

Iodomethane (Methyl iodide), tech 

Pentachloroethane 

1, 1, 2,2-Tetrabromoethane (Acetylene tetrabromide) 

1, 1, 2, 2-Tetrachloroethane (Acetylene tetrachloride) 

*Tetrachloroethylene (Perchloroethylene) 

Tetrafluoroethylene polymer (Teflon) 

Tetrafluoromethane 

1, 1, 1-Trichloroethane (Methyl chloroform) 

1,1, 2-Trichloroethane (Vinyl trichloride) 

*Tri chloroethylene 

»Trichlorofluoromethane 

1, 2, 3-Trichloropropane 

Trichlorotrifluoroe thane 

"Vinyl chloride, monomer (Chloroethylene) 

Vinylidene chloride, monomer (1,1-Di chloroethylene) 

Vinyl fluoride 

All other 

2-Heptanone (Methyl amyl ketone) 

3-Heptanone (Ethyl butyl ketone) 

1-Heptene 

Hexadecane — 

Hexadecenylsuccinic anhydride 

Hexamethyleneadipamide 

2,5-Hexanedione (Acetonylacetone) 

Hexanoic acid (Caproic acid) 

5-Hexen-2-one (Allylacetone) 

Hexyl acetates 

Hexyl ether 

Hexyl-octyl silicates 

2-(Hexyloxy)ethanol (Ethylene glycol hexyl ether) 

Hydracrylic acid, |3-lactone (P-Propiolactone) 

Hydracrylonitrile (Ethylene cyanohydrin) 

Hydrazine and salts 

2-Hydrazinoethanol 

N-2-Hydroxyethylacetamide 

1, l'-(2-Hydroxyethylimino)di-2-propanol (N,N-Diisopropanol 
ethanolamine) . 

a-Hydroxyisobutyric acid 

2-(Hydroxymethyl) -2-methyl-l, 3-propanediol ( Trimethylol- 

ethane). 
2-(Hydroxymethyl)-2-nitro-l, 3-propanediol (Tris( hydroxy - 

me thy 1 ) ni trome thane ) . 
N-(Hydroxymethyl)octadecanemide (N-Hydroxymethylstear- 
amide) . 

4-Hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone (Diacetone alcohol) 

Iminodiacetic acid, disodium salt 

Iodoacetic acid 

Isethionic acid ( 2-Hydroxyethanesulf onic acid) 

*Isoascorbic acid and sodium salt 

Isobutyl vinyl ether 

Isobutyr aldehyde 

Isobutyric acid and anhydride 

Isobutyronitrile 

Iso-octyl acetate 

Iso-octyl mercaptopropionate 

Isopropanolamines : 

l-Amino-2-propanol (Monoisopropanolamine) 

1, 1 '-Iminodi-2-propanol ( Diisopropanolamine) 

1, 1 ', 1' '-Nitrilotri-2-propanol (Triisopropanolamine) 

Mixed 

3-Isopropoxypropionitrile 

3-Isopropoxypropylamine 

»Isopropyl acetate 

2-Isopropylaminoethanol 

Isopropyl chloroformate 

*Isopropyl ether 

Isopropylidine 

Isovalerone (Diisobutyl ketone) 

Itaconic acid (Methylenesuccinic acid) and esters 



CLB. 

DUP. 

DOW. 

DUP, 

DA, 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DOW. 

ucc. 

DOW, 

ACG, 

SHC. 

ACG, 

ACO, 

DOW. 

DUP. 

CLB, 

UCC. 

UCC. 

HMY. 

HMY. 

HMY. 

CS. 

RBC. 

TBK. 

FMP. 

CEL. 

UCC. 

UCC. 

UCC. 

CEL. 

RH, 

FMT, 

NOR. 

WTC. 

UCC. 

EK. 



DUP. 



PPG. 
DOW, DUP, FRO, PPG, SF, TTX. 



DUP, HK, PPG, TTX. 
DUP, PAS, UCC. 



DUP, PAS. 

BFG, DA, DOW, GYR, MTC, TNA, UCC, USR. 



EK, HK. 



UCC. 
CMC. 



SHC, UCC. 

GGY. 

EK. 

GAF. 

MLS, MRK, PFZ. 

UCC. 

EKX. 

EKT. 

EKX. 

DEC. 

EVN. 

DOW, UCC. 

DOW, UCC. 

UCC. 

DOW. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

EKT, ESL, HPC, UCC. 

PAS. 

DLM, FMP, PPG. 

ESL, SHC, UCC. 

ARA. 

UCC. 

PFZ. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



159 



TABLE 22B. —Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer , i959--Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

*Lactic acid, 100$: 

♦Edible 

♦Medicinal 

♦Technical 

♦Lactic acid salts : 

Ammonium lactate 

Calcium lactate 

Sodium zirconium lactate 

Zirconium lactate 

Lactide (3,6-Dimethyl-2,5-p-dioxanedione) 

Laurie acid, barium cadmium salt 

Lauroyl chloride 

Lauroyl peroxide 

Levulinic acid 

♦Linoleic acid salts: 

*Calcium linoleate 

•Cobalt linoleate 

Copper linoleate 

Iron linoleate 

♦Lead linoleate 

Lead manganese linoleate 

Manganese linoleate 

♦Lubricating oil additives : 

Chloronaphtha xanthate 

Chlorosulfurized lard oil 

Chlorosulfurized sperm oil 

HIgh-molecular-weight hydrocarbons and their phosphorus 
derivatives. 

Lauryl and diethylaminoethyl polymethacrylates 

Oxidized hydrocarbons 

♦Phosphorodithioates (Dithiophosphates) : 

Barium aliyl phosphorodithioates 

Nickel zinc alkyl phosphorodithioates 

Zinc di(butyLhexyl) phosphorodithioate 

Zinc dihexyl phosphorodithioate 

Zinc hexyl isopropyl phosphorodithioate 

Sulfurized butenes 

Sulfurized lard oil 

♦Sulfurized sperm oil 

Tetradecyl selenide 

All other 

Magnesium methylate 

Maleic acid 

Maleic acid, tribasic lead salt 

*Maleic anhydride 

Maleic liquid 

Malic acid 

Malonic acid 

Mannitol 

Mannitol hexanitrate 

Mercaptoacetic acid (Thioglycolic acid) 

♦Mercaptoacetic acid (Thioglycolic acid) derivatives: 
2-Aminoethyl mercaptoacetate (Monoethanolamine thio- 
glycolate) . 

♦Ammonium mercaptoacetate (Ammonium thioglycolate) 

Antimony mercaptoacetate 

Calcium mercaptoacetate 

Dodecyl mercaptoacetate 

Iso-octyl mercaptoacetate 

Potassium mercaptoacetate 

Sodium mercaptoacetate 

Mercaptoethanol 

3-Mercapto-l, 2-propanediol (Thioglycerol) 

Mercaptopropionic acid 

Mesityl oxide 

Metal soaps of oxidized hydrocarbons 

Methacrylamide 

Methacrylate monomers above methyl 

Methacrylic acid 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



AMZ, 


CLN, DUP. 






DUP. 








AMZ, 


CLN, DUP. 






CIT. 








AMZ, 


SHF. 






NTL. 








NTL. 








CLN. 








CCW. 








GAF, 


HK, TBK, WTC. 






CAD, 


WTL. 






QKO. 








CCA, 


LEF, SHP, SRR, 


WTC. 




HAR, 


SDH, SHP, SRR. 






HAR, 


WTC. 






HAR. 








HAR, 


HNX, SHP, SRR, 


WTC. 




SDH, 


SRR. 






SHP, 


SRR. 






MON. 








CCW. 








CCW. 








SOI. 








DUP. 








ALX. 








ACY, 


LUB, SIN. 






SIN. 








0R0. 








SIN. 








ACY, 


X. 






LUB. 








CCW, 


GOC. 






CCW, 


LUB, SIN, WBG, 


X. 




0R0. 








CCW, 


GDC, HK, LUB, 


MON, 0R0, 


SIN 


MRT, 


SFA. 






ACF, 


PFN. 






NTL. 








ACF, 


ACY, MON, PCC, 


RCI. 




PCC. 








ACF, 


EK, PFN. 






AMB, 


KF. 






APD. 








APD. 








EVN, 


HAB. 







EVN, HAB. 

EVN, HAB, HLN, MRT, SUM. 

x. 

EVN.- 

RET. 

EVN, RET. 

EVN. 

EVN. 

UCC. 

EVN. 

EVN. 

SHC, UCC. 

ALX. 

RH. 

DUP. 

DUP, RH. 



i6o 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 22B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Methacrylic acid, sodium salt 

3-Methoxy-l-butanol 

2-Methoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether) 

2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol monomethyl 

ether) . 
2-[2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene glycol 

monomethyl ether) . 
2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethyl 2-methoxyethyl ether (Triethylene 

glycol dimethyl ether) . 

2-Methoxyethyl acetate 

Methoxypolyethylene glycol 

l-Methoxy-2-propanol 

3-Methoxypropionitrile 

3-(3-Methoxypropoxy)propanol (Dipropylene glycol methyl 

ether) . 
3-[3-(3-Methoxypropoxy)propoxy] propanol ( Tripropylene 

glycol methyl ether). 

3-Methoxypropylamine 

*Methyl acetate 

Methyl acetoacetate 

Methyl acrylate, monomer 

2-Methylaminoethanol ( N-Methy lethanolamine ) 

Methyl borate 

2-Methyl-l-butene 

2-Methyl-l-buten-3-yne (Isopropenylacetylene) 

2-Methyl-3-butyn-2-ol 

2-Methylbutyric acid 

Methyl carbamate 

Methyl chloroformate 

Methyl cyanoacetate 

Methyl 2-cyanoacrylate 

Methyl dichloroacetate 

Methyl disulfide 

N, N'-Methylenebisacrylamide 

N, N'-Methylenebisoctadecanamide 

Methyl ether (Dimethyl ether) 

Methyl formate 

N-Methylglucamine 

Methyl glyeolate (Methyl hydroxyacetate) 

Methyl hexanoate (Methyl caproate) 

2,2'-(Methylimino)diethanol (Methyl diethanolamine) 

2-Methyllactonitrile (Acetone cyanohydrin) 

Methylmagnesium bromide 

Methyl methacrylate, monomer 

2 -Methyl-2-nitro-l, 3-propanediol 

2-Methyl-2-nitro-l-propanol 

2-Methyl-2,4-pentanediol (Hexylene glycol) 

4-Methyl-2-pentanone (Methyl isobutyl ketone) 

4-Methyl-2-pentanone oxime (Methylisobutyl ketoxime) 

4-Methyl-2-pentyl acetate 

Methylpolyethanolamine 

2-Methyl-2-propyl-l, 3-propanediol 

Methyl sulfate (Dimethyl sulfate) 

Methyl sulfide (Dimethyl sulfide) 

N-Methyltaurine 

Methylurea 

2-Methylvaleraldehyde (2-Methylpentaldehyde) 

Methyl vinyl ether 

Mucochloric acid (2,3-Dichloro-3-formylacrylic acid) 

Nitrilotriacetic acid, tripotassium salt 

Nitriminobispropionic acid 

Nitroe thane 

Nitromethane 

1-Nitropropane 

2-Nitropropane 

Nonanoic acid (Pelargonic acid) , 

Nonenylsuccinic anhydride 

Nylon (Polyhexamethylene adipamide) 

1-Octadecene 



COL, FBS, SHW, UCC. 

RH. 



RH. 

CEL. 

DOW, CMC, UCC. 

DOW, CMC, UCC. 

DOW, CMC, UCC. 

ASL. 

UCC. 
UCC. 
DOW. 
ACY. 
DOW. 



DOW. 

ACY. 

BOR, 

UCC. 

CEL, 

UCC. 

SFA. 

HMY. 

AIR. 

AIR. 

EKT. 

FMP. 

DIM. 

KF. 

EKT. 

KF, 

EK. 

ACY. 

ARC. 

COM, 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

FOR. 

UCC. 

DUP, 

ARA. 

DUP, 

COM. 

COM. 

SHC, 

SHC, 

ALB. 

UCC. 

GAF. 

FBS. 

DUP. 

CRZ. 

GAF. 

LIL. 

UCC. 

GAF. 

EK. 

GGY. 

ACY. 

COM. 

COM. 

COM. 

COM. 

EMR. 

HMY. 

cs, : 

HMY. 



RH. 

RH, USP. 



UCC. 
UCC.' 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



161 



TABLE 22B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Octadecyl isocyanate 

n-Octane 

1-Octanesulfonyl fluoride 

1-Octanethiol (n-Octyl mercaptan) 

Octanoic acid (Caprylic acid) 

Octanoic acid (Caprylic acid) salts: 

Aluminum octanoate 

Barium octanoate 

Cadmium octanoate 

Zinc octanoate 

2-0ctanone (Hexyl methyl ketone) 

3-0ctanone (Amyl ethyl ketone) 

Octanoyl chloride 

1-Octene 

l-(and 2-)0ctene 

2-0ctene 

Octenylsuccinic anhydride 

Octylene mixture 

Octyl nitrile 

Oleamide (Octadecene amide) 

*01eic acid salts: 

Aluminum oleate 

Barium zinc oleate 

Cobalt oleate 

*Copper oleate 

Lead oleate 

Oleoyl chloride 

*Oxalic acid 

*Oxalic acid salts: 

Ammonium oxalate 

Calcium oxalate 

Ferric ammonium oxalate 

Ferric oxalate 

Ferric sodium oxalate 

Ferrous oxalate 

Potassium binoxalate 

Potassium oxalate 

Sodium binoxalate 

Sodium oxalate 

Oxalyl chloride 

Oxidized hydrocarbon mixtures, other than lubricating oil 
additives. 

2-0xohexamethylenimine (Caprolactam) 

Palmitic acid salts: 

Aluminum palmitate 

*Zinc palmitate 

All other 

Palmitoyl chloride 

Paraformaldehyde 

Paraldehyde (Paracetaldehyde) 

»Pentaerythritol 

*Pentaerythritol tetranitrate 

2,4- Pentanedione (Acetylacetone) 

2-Pentanone (Methyl propyl ketone) 

3-Pentanone (Diethyl ketone) 

Perchloromethanethiol (Perchloromethyl mercaptan) 

Peroxyacetic acid 

*Phosgene (Carbonyl chloride) 

*Phosphorus acid esters, not elsewhere specified I See also 

Plasticizers, Surface-Active Agents, Pesticides, Flo- 
tation reagents, and Lubricating oil additives) : 

Bis(2-chloroethyl) vinyl phosphonate 

Bis(2-ethylhexyl) hydrogen phosphite 

Butyl phosphates (mono and di) 

Chloropropyl thiophosphate 

Dichlorovinyl dimethyl phosphate 

Dodecyl phosphates (mono and di) 

2-Ethylhexyl phosphates (mono and di) 

Ethyl phosphates (mono and di) 



MOB. 










HMY. 










HK. 










PAS. 










FOR. 










LEF, 


NOP. 








CCW. 










CCW. 










BKC. 










ACP, 


EKT, 


RH, 


TBK, 


VLY, WTH. 


SHC. 










TBK. 










HMY. 










WTH. 










ACP, 


HMY. 








HMY. 










HMY. 










ARC. 










ARC, 


FIN. 








MAL, 


WTC. 








HAR. 










CCW. 










SHP, 


SRR, 


WTC. 






SHP, 


WTC. 








DEP, 


GAF, 


WTH. 






ACG, 


HK, 


MAL, 


PFZ, 


VIC. 


ACG, 


BKC, 


PFZ. 






VIC. 










PFZ. 










PFZ. 










PFZ. 










BKL. 










BKC. 










ACG, 


BKC, 


PFZ. 






VIC. 










ACG, 


BKC, 


MAL, 


VIC 




EK. 










ALX. 










ACF. 










LEF, 


NOP, 


WTC 






ACY, 


LEF, 


NOP, 


WTC 




APD. 










GAF, 


TBK. 








CEL, 


DUP, 


HN. 






UCC. 










COM, 


DCI, 


GOC, 


HN, 


HPC, RCI, TRJ 


APD, 


DUP, 


HPC, 


TRJ 




UCC. 










UCC. 










UCC. 










CHO. 










FMB. 










DIM, 


DUP, 


PPG, 


SWC 


TNA. 


MON. 










HKP, 


VC. 








VIC. 










TNA. 










OPC. 










DUP, 


VIC. 








UCC, 


VIC. 








VIC. 











162 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1950 



TABLE 22B. --Synthetic organic chemicals; Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

^Phosphorus acid esters, not elsewhere specified — Continued 

Iso-octyl hydrogen phosphate 

Methyl phosphates (mono and di) 

Octadecyl phosphates (Mono and dlstearyl phosphates) 

Octyl phosphates (mono and di) 

Pentyl phosphates (Mono and diamyl phosphates) 

Tributyl phosphate 

Tributyl phosphite 

Tridecyl phosphite 

Triethyl phosphite 

Triiso-octyl phosphite 

Trimethyl phosphite 

Trioctadecyl phosphate 

Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate 

Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphite 

Tris(2,3-dibromopropyl) phosphate 

Tris(2-ethylhexyl) phosphite 

All other 

Pine oil, synthetic 

Polyaerylamlde 

Polyacrylic acid 

*Polyacrylic acid salts: 

Ammonium polyacrylate 

Sodium polyacrylate 

Polyacrylonitrile 

Polyethoxyethylsorbitol 

^Polyethylene glycol 

Polyethylene oxide 

Polyethylene polysulfide 

Polyglycerol 

Polyglycols, ethylene glycol and glycol ethers, mixtures — 

Polyoxypropylene ethers 

Polyp ro P ox y SOI "t>itol 

Polypropylene glycol 

Polytetramethylene glycol 

Propionaldehyde 

•^Propionic acid 

Propionic acid salts: 

*Calcium propionate 

*Sodium propionate 

Zinc propionate 

Propionic anhydride 

Propionitrile 

Propionyl chloride 

Propyl acetate 

*Propylene carbonate 

^Propylene glycol (1,2-Propanediol) 

Propylene glycol, mixed ethers 

^Propylene oxide 

Propylene oxide adduct of glycerol 

Propyl isocyanate 

Propyl 4-methylvalerate (Propyl isocaproate) 

Propyl nitrate 

Propyne (Methylacetylene) 

Rare sugars 

Ricinoleic acid, calcium salt 

d-Saccharic acid, calcium salt 

Sarcosine (N-Methylaminoacetic acid) 

Sarcosine, sodium salt 

Sebacic acid 

Sebacyl chloride 

Semicarbazide base and hydrochloride 

^Sequestering agents : 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid, monosodium 
hydrogen ferric salt. 

*(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid, sodium salt 

N,N-Dihydroxyethylglycine, sodium salt 

*(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid ( Etnylenediamine- 
tetraacetic acid). 



VC. 

HK, VIC. 

HK. 

DUP, VIC. 

HK, VIC. 

COM, EKT, FMP. 

VC. 

HKP. 

VC. 

VC. 

VC. 

PRM. 

CEL. 

VC. 

DUP, MCH. 

HKP. 

HK, VC, VIC. 

CBY. 

ACY. 

BFG. 



NOP. 

BFG, JOR, NOP, RH, WIC. 



DOW, JCC, OMC, UCC, WYN. 



BFG, 
ALC, 
DUP. 
APD. 
CAU, 
UCC. 
BFG. 
CP, 1 
DOW. 
WYN. 
APD. 
DOW, 
DUP. 
EKX, 
CEL, 

CEL, 

CEL, 

BKC. 

EKT, 

UCC. 

ABB. 

CEL. 

JCC, 

CEL, 

DOW. 

CEL, 

JCC. 

CWN. 

COM. 

TNA. 

AIR. 

PFN. 

BAC. 

PFZ. 

ACY, 

GGY. 

WTH, 

EK. 

FMT. 

TEK. 
GGY. 



DOW, GGY, HMP, MOA. 

DOW, GGY, MOA. 

ACY, DOW, GAF, GGY, GLY, HMP, TEK, VIC. 



JCC, UCC, WYN. 



UCC. 

COM, DUP, EKT, UCC. 



DUP, EKT, UCC. 
DUP, EKT, UCC. 



UCC. 

DOW, DUP, JCC, UCC. 



DOW, JCC, UCC, WYN. 



DUP, GAF, VPC. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



163 



TABLE 22B.- 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

♦Sequestering agents — Continued 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, dihydrogen 

disodium salt. 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium calcium 

salt. 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium copper 

salt. 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium zinc salt, 
dihydrate. 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, manganese salt 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetie acid, monohydrogen 
trisodium salt. 
•(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, monosodium iron 
salt. 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetrapotassium salt 

•(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetrasodium salt 

Glucoheptonic acid, sodium salt 

Hexahydroxyheptanoie acid, sodium salt 

(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo)triacetic acid 

•(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo)triacetic acid, tri- 
sodium salt. 

Nitrilotri acetic acid, trisodium salt 

All other 

Serine and derivatives 

Silicones 

Sodium diethyldithiocarbonate 

Sodium ethoxide 

Sodium ethyl oxalacetate 

Sodium formaldehydebisulfite 

•Sodium formaldehydesulfoxylate 

•Sodium methoxide (Sodium methylate) 

Sodium sorbitol borate 

Sorbic acid (2,4-Hexadienoic acid) and potassium salt 

Sorbitol 

Soybean oil acyl chloride salt of sodium lysalbinate 

Stearamide (Octadecane amide) 

•Stearic acid salts: 
•Aluminum stearates: 

Aluminum monostearate 

•Aluminum distearate 

Aluminum tristearate 

•Ammonium stearate 

Barium stearate 

Cadmium stearate ' 

•Calcium stearate 

Cobalt stearate ■ 

Copper stearate 

Ferric stearate 

•Lead stearate 

Lead stearate, dibasic 

Lithium hydroxystearate 

•Lithium stearate 

•Magnesium stearate 

Manganese stearate 

Stannous stearate- -r 

•Zinc stearate 

All other 

Stearoyl chloride 

Succinic acid 

Succinic acid, sodium salt 

Succinic anhydride 

Succinimide 

Succinonitrile 

Succinyl peroxide 

Sucrose octa-acetate 

Tallow amide, hydrogenated 

Tallow fatty acyl chloride 

Tartaric acid salts, nonmedicinal 



ix m 

(XH 



GGY. 

9 



GGY 
DOW 
PFN 
PCW 
GGY 
DOW 

HMP 
GGY 
SBR 
DCC 
HMP 
KF. 
FMP 
ACG 
NOP 
HAR 
APD 
UCC 
APD 
KLD 

mi; 



ACY 
ACY 
ACY 
DEX 
LEF 
SYF 
ACY 
HOP 
WTC 
WTC 
EUR 
NOP 
KTC 
LEF 
ACY 
WTC 
WTC 
ACY 
W 
APD 
GAF 
ACF 
MAL 
ACF 
ARA 
ACY 
WTL 
UCC 
ADM 
GAF 
MAL 



EK, GGY, HMP, HRT, TEK. 



TEK. 

GGY, HMP, TEK. 



GAF, GGY, GLY, HMP, TEK. 



GAF, GGY, GLY, HMP, MOA, NOP, TEK. 

WIC. 



GGY, HMP, MOA, TEK. 

TEK. 
0R0, SPE. 



EK. 

RH, ROY. 

KF, CMC, x. 



DUP, FIN. 



LEF, MAL, NOP. 

HNX, JTC, LEF, MAL, NOP, PRP, SYP, WTC. 

HNX, LEF, MAL, NOP, PRP, SYP, WTC. 

FRR, LEF, NOP, SYP, WTC. 

NOP, PRP, SYP, WTC. 

WTC. 

CCW, HNX, JTC, LEF, MAL, NOP, PRP, SYP, WTC. 

WTC. 



LEF, NOP, NTL, WTC. 
NTL, WTC. 



NOP, PRP, WTC. 

JTC, LEF, MAL, NOP, PRP, SYP, WTC. 



CCW, HAR, HNX, JTC, LEF, MAL, NOP, PRP, SYP, 



WTC. 
ARA. 



ARC. 
PFZ. 



1 64 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 22B. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales 
were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1959-- Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

n-Tetradecane 

1,1,3,3-Tetraethoxypropane 

Tetraethylene glycol 

Tetraethyllead 

Tetrahydroxysuccinic acid (Dioxytartaric acid) 

TetraMs(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium chloride 

N, N, N ', N '-Tetrakis( 2-hydroxypropyl) ethylenediamine — 

Tetramethylammonium hydroxide 

Tetramethylguanidine ■ 

Tetraoctyl orthosilicate 

Thioacetamide 

2,2'-Thiodiethanol (Thiodiethylene glycol) 

3,3'-Thiodipropionic acid 

Titanic acid esters 

Triallyl cyanurate 

Tributylphosphine 

Trichloroacetyl chloride 

Trichloroethylsilane (Ethyl silicone trichloride) — 

Trichloromethylsilane 

Trichloro-octadecylsilane 

Trichloropentylsilane 

Trichlorovinylsilane 

Triethoxyethylsilane 

Triethoxyvinylsilane 

Triethyl acetylcitrate 

Triethylaluminum 

Triethylaluminum chloride 

Triethylboron 

*Triethylene glycol 

Tri-2-ethyLhexyl acetylcitrate 

Triethyl orthoacetate 

Triethyl orthoformate 

Triethyl orthopropionate 

Trifluoroacetic anhydride 

Tri-isobutenylsuccinic anhydride 

Triisobutylalurainum 

Trimethoxyboroxine 

Tr ime thy 1 aluminum 

2, 6,8-Trimethyl-'4-nonanone 

Trimethyl orthoformate 

2,2,4-Trimethyl-l,3-pentanediol 

Tri-n-octylphosphine oxide 

1, 2, 6-Tri(polypropoxypropyl)hexane 

Tripropylene glycol 

Undecenoic acid (Undecylenic acid) 

*Urea in compounds or mixtures : 

*In feed compounds 

*In liquid fertilizer 

*In solid fertilizer 

In plastics 

All other 

Urea peroxide 

Urea-urethane copolymer 

*Vinyl acetate, monomer 

*Zinc formaldehydesulfoxylate 



HMY. 

KF. 

DOW, 

DUP, 

ACY. 

HK. 

WYH. 

EK. 

ACY. 

MON. 

ARA, 

UCC. 

ACY. 

DUP. 

ACY. 

FMP. 

EK. 

DCC, 

DCC, 

DCC. 

UCS. 

DCC, 

UCS. 

UCS. 

PFZ. 

KPP. 

TNA. 

KPP. 

ACN, 

PFZ. 

EK, ] 

KF. 

KF. 

EK. 

HMY. 

TNA. 

MTR. 

TNA. 

UCC. 

KF. 

EKX. 

EK. 

UCC. 

DOW. 

BAC, 



JCC. 
TNA. 



CAU, DOW, GAF, JCC, OMC, UCC. 



WTM. 



ACN, DUP, GCC, GRC, MSC, SOH. 

ACN, DUP, GCC, GRC, HPC, MSC, SOH, SPN. 

ACN, DUP, GCC, GRC, MSC, SHC, SOH, SPN. 

DUP. 

ACN, DUP, MRK, SOH. 

FMB. 

DUP. 

AIR, CEL, DUP, UCC. 

NOP, RH, ROY. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 



165 



Directory of Manufacturers 

The Directory of Manufacturers lists the companies that report their production of synthetic 
organic chemicals to the U.S. Tariff Commission. The name of each manufacturer is preceded 
by an alphabetical identification symbol. These identification symbols consist of not more than 
three capital letters, and usually bear a relation to the company name. In most instances, the 
assigned symbols were approved by the companies they identify. 

For 1959, the Directory of Manufacturers lists 653 primary manufacturers (see table 23). 
Some of the companies that report production of synthetic organic chemicals consume their en- 
tire output in further manufacturing. 

The Directory of Manufacturers lists the reporting companies in two ways. Section 1 lists 
them in alphabetical order by identification symbols. Section 2 lists the reporting companies in 
alphabetical order by company name, and gives the corresponding identification symbol, the 
company address, and the plant locations. 

TABLE 23. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1959 

SECTION 1. ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of synthetic organic chemical manufacturers that reported production or sales to the U.S. Tariff Commission 
for 1959 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in tables in pt. III. Section 2 of 
this table lists these manufacturers alphabetically and gives their office and plant addresses] 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


AAC 


American Alcolac Corp. 


ARC 


Armour & Co., Armour Industrial Chemical 


Co. Div. 


AAE 


American Aniline & Extract Co., Inc. 


ARF 


Atlas Refinery, Inc. 




ABB 


Abbott Laboratories 


ARG 


Argus Chemical Corp. 




ABR 


Andrew Brown Co. 


ARK 


Armstrong Cork Co. 




ACC 


Amoco Chemicals Corp. 


ARO 


Arco Co. 




ACF 


Allied Chemical Corp., National Aniline Div. 


ARP 


Armour & Co., Armour Pharmaceutical Co. Div. 


ACG 


Allied Chemical Corp., General Chemical Div. 


ASH 


Ashland Oil & Refining Co. 




ACN 


Allied Chemical Corp., Nitrogen Div. 


ASL 


Ansul Chemical Co. 




ACO 


Allied Chemical Corp., Solvay Process Div. 


AST 


Astra Pharmaceutical Products, Inc. 




ACP 


Allied Chemical Corp., Plastics & Coal 


ASY 


American Synthetic Rubber Corp. 






Chemicals Div. 


ATL 


Atlantic Chemical Corp. 




ACR 


Acme Resin Corp. 


ATR 


Atlantic Refining Co. 




ACS 


Allied Chemical Corp-, Semet-Solvay 


AUG 


Augusta Chemical Co. 






Petrochemical Div. 


AV 


American Viscose Corp. 




ACT 


Arthur C. Trask Co. 


BAC 


Baker Castor Oil Co. 




ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. 


BAL 


Baltimore Paint & Chemical Corp. 




ADC 


Ad-Co Color Corp. 


BAT 


Bates Chemical Co. 




ADM 


Archer-Daniels-Midland Co. 


BCN 


Beech-Nut Life Savers, Inc. 




AHC 


Arnold, Hoffman & Co., Inc. 


BEN 


Bennett ' s 




AIR 


Air Reduction Co., Inc., Air Reduction 
Chemical Co. Div. 


BFG 


B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich 
Chemical Co. Div. 




AKL 


Reichhold Chemicals, Inc., Alkydol 


BIF 


Bioferm Corp. 






Laboratories Div. 


BIS 


Bios Laboratories, Inc. 




ALB 


Ames Laboratories, Inc. 


BKC 


J. T. Baker Chemical Co. 




ALC 


Alco Oil & Chemical Corp. 


BKL 


Berkeley Chemical Corp. 




ALL 


Alliance Color & Chemical Co. 


BKM 


Buckman Laboratories, Inc. 




ALT 


Crompton & Knowles Corp., Althouse 


BKT 


J. T. Baker Chemical Co., Taylor Chemical Div. 




Chemical Co. Div. 


BL 


Belle Chemical Co., Inc. 




ALX 


Alox Corp- 


BLN 


Brooklyn Color Works, Inc. 




AMB 


American Bio-Synthetics Corp. 


BOR 


Borden Chemical Co. 




AMC 


Amchem Products, Inc. 


BOY 


Walter N. Boysen Co. 




AMF 


American Marietta Co., Ferbert-Schorndorfer Co. 


BPC 


Benzol Products Co. 






Div. 


BR 


Brown Co. 




AMK 


American Alkyd Industries 


BRD 


Bird & Son, Inc., Floor Covering Div. 




AML 


Amalgamated Chemical Corp. 


BRK 


F. W. Berk & Co., Inc. 




AMO 


American Oil Co. (Texas) 


BRS 


Bristol-Meyers Co., Bristol Laboratories 


Div. 


AMP 


American Potash & Chemical Corp. 


BRU 


M. A. Bruder & Sons, Inc. 




AMR 


American Marietta Co., Adhesive, Resin & 


BRY 


Bryant Chemical Corp. 






Chemical Div. 


BSC 


Burkart-Schier Chemical Co. 




AMS 


American Marietta Co., Ridgway Color & 


BUK 


Buckeye Cellulose Corp. 






Chemical Co. Div. 


BUR 


Burroughs Wellcome & Co. (U.S.A.), Inc. 




AMZ 


American Maize Products Co. 


BZ 


Bzura, Inc. 




APC 


Appleton Coated Paper Co. 


CAD 


Cadet Chemical Corp. 




APD 


Atlas Powder Co. 


CAP 


Capital Plastics, Inc. 




APR 


Atlas Processing Co. 


CAT 


Catalin Corp. of America 




APV 


Armstrong Paint & Varnish Works, Inc. 


CAU 


Calcasieu Chemical Corp. 




APX 


Apex Chemical Co., Inc. 


CBP 


Ciba Pharmaceutical Products, Inc. 




ARA 


Arapahoe Chemicals, Inc. 


CBT 


Samuel Cabot, Inc. 





1 66 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 23. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1959 —Continued 



Name of company 



Name of company 



Crosby Chemicals, Inc. 

Collway Colors, Inc. 

Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc., Advance 

Solvents & Chemical Div. 
Chase Chemical Corp. 
Chemico, Inc. 

Crown Central Petroleum Corp. 
Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc. 
Continental-Diamond Fibre Corp. 
Concord Dyeing & Finishing Co., Inc. 
Celanese Corp. of America: 

Celanese Chemical Co. Div. 

Celanese Plastics Co. Div. 
Central Paint & Varnish Works, Inc. 
Chemfax, Inc. 
Chemagro Corp. 

Stauffer Chemical Co., Calhio Chemicals, Inc. Div 
California Ink Co., Inc. 
Chemical Insecticide Corp. 
City Chemical Corp. 
Chemlek Laboratories, Inc. 
Columbia Organic Chemicals, Inc. 
Chas. L. Huisking & Co., Inc., Clintbrook 

Chemical Co. Div. 
Standard Brands, Inc., Clinton Corn Processing 

Co. Div. 
Clover Chemical Co. 
W. A. Cleary Corp. 
Carpenter-Morton Co. 
Comcolloid, Inc. 

Chemical Manufacturing Co., Inc. 
Continental Oil Co. 
Cockerille Chemicals, Inc. 
Air Reduction Co., Inc., Colton Chemical Co. 

Div. 
Commercial Solvents Corp. 
Concord Chemical Co., Inc. 
Coopers Creek Chemical Corp. 
Coastwise Petroleum Co. 
Colgate-Palmolive Co. 
Childs Pulp Colors, Inc. 
Chemical Products Corp. 
Coast Paint & Lacquer Co., Inc. 
Chemical Process Co. 
Consolidated Paint Co. 
Cook Paint & Varnish Co. 
Copolymer Rubber & Chemical Corp. 
Crown Chemical Corp. 
Corn Products Co. 
Crownoil Chemical Co., Inc. 
Carus Chemical Co., Inc. 
Crown Tar & Chemical Works, Inc. 
Cary Chemicals, Inc. 

Crown Zellerbach Corp., Chemical Products Div. 
Chemstrand Corp. 
Cosden Petroleum Corp. 
California Spray-Chemical Corp. 
Charles S. Tanner Co. 
Cutter Laboratories 
Collett-Week Corp. 
Cowles Chemical Co. 
Carwin Co. 

Consolidated Water Power & Paper Co. 
Diamond Alkali Co. 
Dan River Mills, Inc. 
H. B. Davis Co. 
Dow Corning Corp. 
Delaware Chemicals, Inc. 
Deecy Products Co. 
DePaul Chemical Co., Inc. 
Dexter Chemical Corp. 
Douglas Chemical Corp. 



DLH 

DLI 

DLM 

DLT 

DOD 

DOM 

DOW 

DRG 

DRW 

DSC 

DSO 

DUN 

DUP 

DYK 

EAK 

EDY 

EFH 

EK 

EKT 

EKX 

EMK 

EMR 

EN 

ERD 

ESC 

ESL 

ESQ 

EST 
ETD 
EVN 



FBC 
FBR 
FBS 
FCD 
FCL 
FEL 
FER 



FIN 
FIR 

FL 

FLA 

FLH 

FLO 

FLW 

FMB 

FMF 

FMP 

FMT 

FMW 

FQM 
FOR 
FRE 
FRM 
FRO 
FRR 
FRS 

FSH 
GAF 

GAM 
GAN 



DeLhi-Taylor Oil Corp. 

Dawe's Laboratories, Inc. 

Delmar Chemical Co., Inc. 

Delta Chemical Works, Inc. 

Donald A. Dodd 

Dominion Products, Inc. 

Dow Chemical Co. 

Drug Processors, Inc. 

E. F. Drew & Co., Inc. 

Dye Specialties, Inc. 

DeSoto Chemical Coatings, Inc. 

Frank W. Dunne Co. 

E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. 

Dykem Co. 

J. S. & W. R. Eakins, Inc. 

Eddystone Manufacturing Co. 

E. F. Houghton & Co. 

Eastman Kodak Co. 

Eastman Kodak Co., Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 

Eastman Kodak Co., Texas Eastman Co. Div. 

Emkay Chemical Co. 

Emery Industries, Inc. 

Endo Laboratories, Inc. 

Erdmann Chemical Co., Inc. 

Escambia Chemical Corp. 

Humble Oil & Refining Co., Esso Standard Div. 

(Louisiana) 
Humble Oil & Refining Co., Esso Standard Div. 

(New Jersey) 
Eastern States Petroleum & Chemical Co. 
Ethyl-Dow Chemical Co. 
Evans Chemetics, Inc. 
Westinghouse Electric Corp. 
Farnow, Inc. 
Fritzsche Bros., Inc. 
Fiber Chemical Corp. 
Fibreboard Paper Products Corp. 
Fries Bros., Inc. 
France, Campbell & Darling, Inc. 
Federal Color Laboratories, Inc. 
Felton Chemical Co., Inc. 
Ferro Chemical Corp. 
Foster Grant Co., Inc. 
Foster-Heaton Co. 
Fine Organics, Inc. 
Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., Firestone Plastics Co. 

Div. 
Farley & Loetscher Manufacturing Co. 
Florida Chemical Co., Inc. 
H. B. Fuller Co. 
Florasynth Laboratories, Inc. 
W. P. Fuller & Co. 

Food Machinery & Chemical Corp., Becco Chemical Div. 
Schuylkill Chemical Co. 
Food Machinery & Chemical Corp., Chemicals & 

Plastics Div. 
Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc. 
Food Machinery & Chemical Corp., Chlor-Alkali and 

Mineral Products Div. 
Formica Corp., Subsidiary of American Cyanamid Co. 
Foremost Food & Chemical Co., El Dorado Div. 
Freeman Chemical Corp. 
Farmers' Chemical Co. 

Vulcan Materials Co., Frontier Chemical Co. Div. 
Estate of W. U. Farrington 
Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., Firestone Synthetic 

Rubber & Latex Co. Div. 
Frisch & Co., Inc. 
General Aniline & Film Corp., Dyestuff & Chemical 

Div. 
Gamma Chemical Corp. 
Gene's Chemical Works, Inc. 



DIRECTORY OP MANUFACTURERS 



167 



TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1959 --Continued 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


GCC 


W. R. Grace & Co., Grace Chemical Div. 


IMP 


Imperial Color Chemical & Paper Corp. 




GDC 


Gulf Research & Development Co. 


INL 


Inland Steel Container Co. 




GDL 


Gordon-Lacey Chemical Products Co., Inc. 


INP 


International Paper Co. 




GDN 


Gordon Chemicals, Inc. 


IRI 


Ironsides Co. 




GE 


General Electric Co., Chemical Materials Dept. 


ITX 


Intex Chemical Corp. 




GEI 


General Electric Co., Insulating Materials 


JAM 


Jamestown Paint & Varnish Co. 






Dept. 


JCC 


Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc. 




GGC 


Goodrich-Gulf Chemicals, Inc. 


JEN 


Jennison- Wright Corp. 




GGY 


Geigy Chemical Corp. 


JMS 


J. Meyer & Sons, Inc. 




GIL 


Gilman Paint & Varnish Co. 


JNS 


S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. 




GIV 


Givaudan Corp. 


JOB 


Jones-Blair Paint Co., Inc. 




GLD 


Glidden Co. 


JOD 


Jones-Dabney Co. 




GLY 


Chas. L. Huisking & Co., Inc., Glyco Chemicals 


JOR 


W. H. & F. Jordan, Jr. Manufacturing Co. 






Div. 


JRG 


Andrew Jergens Co. 




GNC 


General Color Co., Inc. 


JTC 


Joseph Turner & Co. 




GNF 


General Foods Corp., Maxwell House Div. 


JWL 


Jewel Paint & Varnish Co. 




GNM 


General Mills, Inc. 


KAL 


Kali Manufacturing Co. 




GNT 


General Tire & Rubber Co., Chemical Div. 


KCC 


Kennecott Copper Corp., Chino Mines Div. 




GOC 


Gulf Oil Corp. 


KCH 


Keystone Chemurgic Corp. 




GOR 


Gordon Chemical Co., Inc. 


KCU 


Kennecott Copper Corp., Utah Copper Div. 




GPR 


Grain Processing Corp. 


KCW 


Keystone Color Works, Inc. 




GRA 


Great American Plastics Co. 


KEL 


Kelly-Pickering Chemical Corp. 




GRC 


Deere & Co., Grand River Chemical Div. 


KEN 


Kendall Refining Co. 




GRD 


W. R. Grace & Co., Dewey & Almy Chemical Div. 


KES 


Kessler Chemical Co., Inc. 




GRG 


P. D. George Co. 


KF 


Kay- Fries Chemicals, Inc. 




GRP 


W. R. Grace & Co., Polymer Chemicals Div. 


KLD 


Kalide Corp. 




GRS 


Great Southern Chemical Corp. 


KLK 


Kolker Chemical Corp. 




GRV 


Grand Rapids Varnish Corp. 


KLS 


Kilsdonk Chemical Corp. 




GRW 


Great Western Sugar Co. 


KND 


Knoedler Chemical Co. 




GTS 


Greenwood Textile Supply Co. 


KNG 


0. L. King & Co. 




GUA 


Guard Chemical Co. 


KNP 


Knapp Products, Inc. 




GUY 


Guyan Color & Chemical Works, Inc. 


KON 


H. Kohnstamm & Co., Inc. 




GYR 


Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 


KPC 


Koppers Co., Inc., Chemicals & Dyestuffs 


Div. 


HAB 


Halby Products Co., Inc. 


KPP 


Koppers Co., Inc., Plastics Div. 




HAL 


C. P. Hall Co. of Illinois 


KPT 


Koppers Co., Inc., Tar Products Div. 




HAM 


Hampden Color & Chemical Co. 


KPV 


Keystone Paint & Varnish Corp. 




HAN 


Hanna Paint Manufacturing Co., Inc. 


KRM 


Krumbhaar Chemicals, Inc. 




HAR 


Harshaw Chemical Co. 


KRY 


Krystall Chemical Co. 




HCC 


Holland Color & Chemical Co. 


KYN 


Kyanize Paints, Inc. 




HDG 


Hodag Chemical Corp. 


KYS 


Keysor Chemical Co. 




HER 


Heresite & Chemical Corp. 


LAM 


LaMotte Chemical Products Co. 




HET 


Heterochemical Corp. 


LAS 


LaSalle Chemical Corp. 




HEX 


Hexagon Laboratories, Inc. 


LEA 


Leatex Chemical Co. 




HFT 


Hoffman- Taff, Inc. 


LEB 


Lebanon Chemical Corp. 




HK 


Hooker Chemical Corp. 


LEF 


Leffingwell Chemical Co. 




HKD 


Hooker Chemical Corp., Durez Plastics Div. 


LEM 


B. L. Lemke & Co., Inc. 




HKP 


Hooker Chemical Corp., Phosphorus Div. 


LEN 


Leonard Refineries, Inc. 




HLC 


Hartman-Leddon Co., Inc. 


LEV 


Lever Brothers Co. 




HLI 


Haag Laboratories, Inc. 


LEW 


Lewis Tar Products Co. 




HLN 


Helene Curtis Industries, Inc. 


LIL 


Eli Lilly & Co. 




HMC 


H. M. Chemical Co., Ltd. 


LKL 


Lakeside Laboratories, Inc. 




HMP 


Hampshire Chemical Corp. 


LKY 


St. Regis Paper Co., Lake States Yeast & 


Chemical 


HMY 


Humphrey-Wilkinson, Inc. 




Div. 




HN 


Heyden Newport Chemical Corp. 


LON 


Charles R. Long, Jr. Co. 




HNW 


Heyden Newport Chemical Corp., Newport 


LUB 


Lubrizol Corp. 






Industries Co. Div. 


LUE 


George Lueders & Co. 




HNX 


Heyden Newport Chemical Corp., Nuodex Products 


LUR 


Laurel Soap Manufacturing Co., Inc. 






Co. Div. 


LVR 


C. Lever Co., Inc. 




HOF 


Hoffmann-LaRoche, Inc. 


LVY 


Fred'k H. Levey Co., Inc. 




HPC 


Hercules Powder Co. 


MAL 


Mallinckrodt Chemical Works 




HRB 


Harbor Plywood Corp. 


MAR 


American Can Co., Marathon Corp. Div. 




HRT 


Hart Products Corp. 


MAS 


Maas & Waldstein Co. 




HST 


Hoechst Chemical Corp. 


MAY 


Otto B. May, Inc. 




HSY 


Harsyd Chemicals, Inc. 


MCB 


Borg-Warner Corp., Marbon Chemical Div. 




HUM 


Humble Oil & Refining Co., Humble Div. 


MCC 


McCloskey Varnish Co. 




HUS 


Husky Oil Co. 


MCH 


Michigan Chemical Corp. 




HYN 


Hynson, Westcott & Dunning, Inc. 


MCW 


McWhorter Chemicals, Inc. 




ICC 


Interchemical Corp., Color & Chemicals Div. 


MDP 


Maryland Plastics Co. 




ICF 


Interchemical Corp., Finishes Div. 


MED 


Medical Chemicals Corp. 




IDC 


Industrial Dyestufi Co. 


MEE 


Maumee Chemical Co. 




IFF 


International Flavors & Fragrances, Inc. 


MER 


Jefferson Lake Sulphur Co., Merichem Co. 


Div. 


L\C 


International Minerals & Chemical Corp. 


MGR 


Magruder Color Co., Inc. 





|68 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 

TABLE 23. —Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1959— Continued 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


MID 


Midland Industrial Finishes Co. 


PC 


Proctor Chemical Co., Inc. 




MIR 


Miranol Chemical Co., Inc. 


PCC 


Pittsburgh Coke & Chemical Co. 




MJM 


M. J. Merkin Paint Co., Inc. 


PCH 


Peerless Chemical Co. 




ML 


Miles Laboratories, Inc. 


PCO 


Peerless Color Co., Inc. 




MLS 


Miles Chemical Co. 


PCS 


Process Chemicals Co. 




MMM 


Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co. 


PCW 


Pfister Chemical Works, Inc. 




MNP 


Minnesota Paints, Inc. 


PD 


Parke-Davis & Co. 




MOA 


Mona Industries, Inc. 


PDC 


Poughkeepsie Dyestuff Corp. 




MOB 


Mobay Chemical Co. 


PEK 


Peck's Products Co. 




MON 


Monsanto Chemical Co. 


PEN 


S. B. Penick & Co. 




MOR 


Mineral Oil Refining Co. 


PER 


Perry & Derrick Co. 




MOT 


Motomco, Inc. 


PET 


Petroleum Chemicals, Inc. 




MR 


Benjamin Moore & Co. 


PFN 


Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc. 




MRA 


Metro-Atlantic, Inc. 


PFP 


Phelan- Faust Paint Manufacturing Co. 




MRB 


Marblette Corp. 


PFZ 


Chas. Pfizer & Co., Inc. 




MRD 


Marden-Wild Corp. 


PG 


Procter & Gamble Manufacturing Co. 




MRK 


Merck & Co. , Inc. 


PGU 


Perkins Glue Co. 




MRN 


Morningstar Paisley, Inc. 


PIL 


Pilot Chemical Co. of California 




MRT 


Morton Chemical Co. 


PIT 


Pitt-Consol Chemical Co. 




MRV 


Marlowe-Van Loan Corp. 


PLC 


Phillips Chemical Co. 




MRW 


Morwear Paint Co. 


PLP 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 




MRX 


Max Marx Color & Chemical Co. 


PLS 


Plastics Engineering Co. 




MSC 


Mississippi Chemical Corp. 


PNX 


Phoenix Oil Co. 




MTC 


Monsanto Chemical Co., Plastics Div. 


PPG 


Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co. 




MTL 


Metalsalts Corp. 


PRD 


Productol Co. 




MTO 


Montrose Chemical Corp. of California 


PRE 


Premium Chemicals, Inc. 




MTR 


Montrose Chemical Co. 


PRM 


Pfaudler Permutit, Inc., Permutit Co. 


Div. 


MYW 


Maywood Chemical Wforks 


PRO 


Pure Oil Co. 




NEO 


Norda Essential Oil & Chemical Co., Inc. 


PRP 


M. W. Parsons-Plymouth, Inc. 




NEP 


Nepera Chemical Co., Inc. 


PRS 


Presto Plastic Products Co., Inc. 




NES 


Nease Chemical Co., Inc. 


PRT 


Pratt & Lambert, Inc. 




NEV 


Neville Chemical Co. 


PRX 


Purex Corp., Ltd. 




NIL 


Nilok Chemicals, Inc. 


PSP 


Puget Sound Pulp & Timber Co. 




NON 


A. P. Nonweiler Co. 


PTT 


Petro-Tex Chemical Corp. 




NOP 


Nopco Chemical Co., Inc. 


PUB 


Publicker Industries, Inc. 




NOR 


Norwich Pharmacal Co. 


PUT, 


Paul-Lewis Laboratories, Inc. 




NPC 


National Petro-Chemicals Corp. 


PYL 


Polychemical Laboratories, Inc. 




NPI 


National Polychemicals, Inc. 


PYR 


Poly Resins, Inc. 




NSC 


National Starch & Chemical Corp. 


PYZ 


Polyrez Co., Inc. 




NSP 


National Southern Products Corp. 


QCP 


Quaker Chemical Products Corp. 




NTB 


National Biochemical Co. 


QKO 


Quaker Oats Co. 




NTC 


National Casein Co. 


RAB 


Raybestos-Manhattan, Inc. 




NTL 


National Lead Co. 


RB 


Robert & Co., Inc. 




NW 


Northwestern Chemical Co. 


RBC 


Roberts Chemicals, Inc. 




NYC 


American Dyewood Co., New York Color & 


RCD 


Richardson Co. 






Chemical Co. Div. 


RCI 


Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 




NYP 


New York & Pennsylvania Co.; Inc. 


RED 


Red Spot Paint & Varnish Co., Inc. 




OB 


O'Brien Corp. 


REL 


Reliance Varnish Co., Inc. 




ODB 


Odessa Butadiene Co. 


REM 


Remington Arms Co., Inc. 




ODS 


Odessa Styrene Co. 


REP 


Republic Creosoting Co. 




OH 


Ohio Chemical & Surgical Equipment Co. 


RET 


Rayette, Inc., Chemical Div. 




OIL 


Oil & Chemical Products, Inc. 


REZ 


Rezolin, Inc . 




OLC 


Old Colony Tar Co., Inc. 


RGC 


Rogers Corp. 




OLH 


Old Hickory Chemical Co., Inc. 


RH 


Rohm & Haas Co. 




CMB 


Olin Mathieson Chemical Corp., Blockson 


RIC 


Richfield Oil Corp. 






Chemical Co. Div. 


RIK 


Riker Laboratories, Inc. 




CMC 


Olin Mathieson Chemical Corp., Chemicals Div. 


RIL 


Reilly Tar & Chemical Corp. 




QMS 


Olin Mathieson Chemical Corp., E. R. Squibb & 


RIV 


Riverdale Chemical Co. 






Sons Div. 


RMC 


Rinshed-Mason Co. 




ONX 


Onyx Chemical Corp. 


ROC 


Rock Hill Printing & Finishing Co. 




OPC 


Orbis Products Corp. 


ROM 


Roma Chemical Corp. 




ORG 


Organics, Inc. 


ROS 


Rosett Chemicals, Inc. 




ORO 


Oronite Chemical Co. 


ROY 


Royce Chemical Co. 




ORT 


Ortho Chemical Corp. 


RSA 


R. S. A. Corp. 




OSB 


C. J. Osborn Co. 


RT 


F. Ritter & Co. 




OTT 


Ottol Oil Co. 


RTC 


Ritter Chemical Co., Inc. 




PAI 


Pennsylvania Industrial Chemical Corp. 


RUB 


Rubber Corp. of America 




PAN 


Pan American Petroleum Corp. 


RUR 


Ruberoid Co. 




PAR 


Pennsylvania Refining Co. 


SAC 


Standard Agricultural Chemicals, Inc. 




PAS 


Pennsalt Chemicals Corp. 


SAL 


Dr. Salsbury's Laboratories 




PAT 


Patent Chemicals, Inc. 


SAN 


Sandoz, Inc. 




PBS 


Pabst Brewing Co. 


SBR 


Schwarz BioResearch, Inc. 





DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS |69 

TABLE 23. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1959 --Continued 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


sec 


Standard Chlorine Chemical Co., Inc. 


SYV 


Synvar Corp. 


SCF 


Schaefer Varnish Co., Inc. 


TAE 


Thomas A. Edison Industries, McGraw-Edison Co. 


SCH 


Schering Corp. 


TAR 


Tar Distilling Co., Inc. 


SCN 


Schenectady Varnish Co., Inc. 


TAY 


Taylor Fibre Co. 


SCO 


Scholler Bros., Inc. 


TBK 


Trubek Laboratories 


SCP 


Standard Chemical Products, Inc. 


TDC 


Diver sey Corp. 


SCR 


R. P. Scherer Corp. 


TEK 


Refined Products Corp. 


SDC 


American Marietta Co. , Southern Dyestuf f Co. 


TGL 


Triangle Chemical Co. 




Div. 


THC 


Thompson Chemical Co. 


SDG 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Glenbrook Laboratories Div. 


TKL 


Thiokol Chemical Corp. 


SDH 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Hilton-Davis Chemical Co. 


TMC 


Thompson Chemicals Corp. 




Div. 


TMH 


Thompson-Hayward Chemical Co. 


SDW 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Winthrop Laboratories Div. 


TMS 


Thomasset Colors, Inc. 


SED 


Seidlltz Paint & Varnish Co. 


TN 


Tennessee Corp. 


SIM 


Seamco Chemical Co. 


TNA 


Ethyl Corp. 


SF 


Stauffer Chemical Co. 


TNP 


Tennessee Products & Chemical Corp. 


SFA 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Anderson Chemical Co. 


TRC 


Toms River-Cincinnati Chemical Corp. 




Div. 


TRJ 


Trojan Powder Co. 


SH 


Stein, Hall & Co., Inc. 


TRP 


Treplow Chemical Co. 


SHC 


Shell Chemical Corp. 


TTX 


Detrex Chemical Industries, Inc. 


SHF 


National Dairy Products Corp., Sheffield 


TX 


Texaco, Inc. 




Chemical Co. Div. 


TXB 


Texas Butadiene & Chemical Corp. 


SHL 


Shulton, Inc . 


TXC 


Tex Chemical Co. 


SHO 


Shell Oil Co. 


TUS 


Texas-U.S. Chemical Co. 


SHP 


Shepherd Chemical Co. 


TV 


Tousey Varnish Co. 


SHW 


Shawinigan Resins Corp. 


UBS 


UBS Chemical Corp. 


SID 


George F. Siddall Co., Inc. 


UCC 


Union Carbide Corp., Union Carbide Chemicals Co. Div. 


SIM 


Simpson Redwood Co. 


UCP 


Union Carbide Corp., Union Carbide Plastics Co. Div. 


SIN 


Sinclair Refining Co. 


ucs 


Union Carbide Corp., Silicones Div. 


SIP 


James B. Sipe & Co. 


UDI 


Universal Detergents, Inc., and Petrochemicals Co. 


SK 


Smith, Kline & French Laboratories 


UHL 


Paul Uhlich & Co., Inc. 


SLC 


Soluol Chemical Co., Inc. 


UNC 


United Cork Companies 


SLV 


Salvo Chemical Corp. 


UNG 


Ungerer & Co. 


SM 


Socony Mobil Oil Co., Inc. 


UOC 


Union Oil Co. of California 


SNA 


Sun Chemical Corp., Ansbacher-Siegle Corp. Div. 


UPF 


United States Pipe & Foundry Co. 


SNC 


Sunoco Products Co. 


UPJ 


Upjohn Co. 


SNM 


Sun Chemical Corp., Ampruf Paint Co. Div. 


UPM 


Universal Oil Products Co., Universal Polychem 


SNP 


Sun Chemical Corp., Pigment Div. 




Manufacturing Div. 


SNT 


Suntide Refining Co. 


URC 


United Rubber & Chemical Co. 


SNW 


Sun Chemical Corp., Warwick Chemical Co. Div. 


USB 


U.S. Borax Research Corp. 


SOC 


Standard Oil Co. of California 


USI 


National Distillers & Chemical Corp., U.S. Industrial 


SOH 


Sohio Chemical Co. 




Chemicals Co. Div. 


SOI 


Standard Oil Co. of Indiana 


USO 


U.S. Oil Co. 


SOL 


Solar Chemical Corp. 


USP 


U.S. Plastic Products Corp. 


SON 


L. Sonneborn Sons, Inc. 


USR 


United States Rubber Co., Naugatuck Chemical Div. 


SOR 


Southern Resin Glue Co. 


UWS 


Universal Western Chemical Corp. 


SOS 


Southern Sizing Co. 


VAL 


Valchem 


SPC 


Specific Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 


VAR 


Reichhold Chemicals, Inc., Varcum Chemical Corp. Div. 


SPD 


General Electric Co., Silicone Products Dept. 


VC 


Virginia-Carolina Chemical Corp. 


SPL 


Spaulding Fibre Co., Inc. 


VEL 


Velsicol Chemical Corp. 


SPN 


Spencer Chemical Co. 


VIC 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Victor Chemical Works Div. 


SPP 


Socony Paint Products Co. 


VIN 


Vineland Chemical Co. 


SPR 


Specialty Resins Co. 


VIS 


Visco Products Co. 


SRL 


G. D. Searle & Co. 


VLY 


Verley Chemical Co., Inc. 


SRR 


Fred'k A. Stresen-Reuter, Inc. 


VNC 


Vanderbilt Chemical Corp. 


STA 


A. E. Staley Manufacturing Co. 


VND 


Van Dyk & Co., Inc. 


STD 


Standard Dyes tuff Corp. 


VPC 


Verona- Pharma Chemical Corp. 


STG 


Wm. J. Stange Co. 


VPT 


Vickers Petroleum Co., Inc. 


STN 


Standard Naphthalene Products Co., Inc. 


VTM 


Vitamins, Inc. 


STP 


Stepan Chemical Co. 


, VTV 


Vita-Var Corp. 


STS 


Stansbury Chemical Co., Inc. 


WAS 


T. F. Washburn Co. 


STT 


Standard-Toch Chemicals, Inc. 


WAT 


Watertown Manufacturing Co. 


sue 


Standard Ultramarine & Color Co. 


WAW 


W. A. Wood Co. 


SUM 


Summit Chemical Products Corp. 


'.VBG 


White & Bagley Co. 


SUN 


Sun Oil Co. 


WDC 


Western Dry Color Co. 


SVT 


Solvent Chemical Co., Inc. 


WEB 


R. D. Webb & Co., Inc. 


SW 


Sherwin-Williams Co. 


WER 


Werner Drug & Chemical Co. 


SWC 


S & W Chemical Co., Inc. 


WEV 


Geo. D. Wetherill Varnish Co. 


SUIT 


Swift & Co. 


WHT 


White & Hodges, Inc. 


SYC 


Synthetic Chemicals, Inc. 


WHW 


Whittemore-Wright Co., Inc. 


SYP 


Synthetic Products Co. 


WIC 


Wica Co., Inc. 


SYR 


Synco Resins, Inc. 


WIL 


Wilson & Co., Inc., Wilson Laboratories Div. 



569056 O - 60 - 12 



170 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 

TABLE 23. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1959 --Continued 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


WLM 


Wilmot & Cassidy, Inc. 


WTL 


Wallace & Tiernan, Inc., Lucidol Div. 


woe 


Wilson Organic Chemicals, Inc. 


WTM 


'Wallace & Tiernan, Inc. 


WON 


Woonsocket Color & Chemical Co. 


WTT 


John H. Witte & Sons, Resin Div. 


WPC 


Warren Paint & Color Co. 


WTU 


Witco Chemical Co., Ultra Chemical Works, Inc. Div. 


WRN 


Warner-Jenkinson Manufacturing Co. 


W?A 


West Virginia Pulp & Paper Co., Polychemicals Div. 


WRS 


Wheeler, Reynolds & Stauffer 


WTO 


Wyandotte Chemicals Corp. 


%5T 


Westville Laboratories, Inc. 


wyt 


American Home Products Corp., Wyeth laboratories, 


WTC 


Witco Chemical Co., Inc. 




Inc. Div. 


WTH 


Wallace & Tiernan, Inc., Harchem Div. 


YAW 


Young Aniline Works, Inc. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 



171 



TABLE 23. —Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1959 — Continued 

SECTION 2. ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY COMPANY 

[Names of synthetic organic chemical manufacturers that reported production or sales to the U.S. Tariff Commission 
for 1959 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in tables in pt. III. 
Sec. 1 of this table lists these manufacturers in the order of their identification codes] 



Code 


Name of company 


Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 






14th St. and Sheridan Rd., North Chicago, 111. 
1401 Circle Ave., Forest Parle, 111. 
66 Lister Ave., Newark 5, N.J. 


APR 


* ° _ J °£ a ° r eS 


inr 






Air Reduction Co., Inc.: 


AIR 


Air Reduction Chemical Co. Div 


150 E. 42d St., New York 17, N.Y. (Calvert City, Ky.; and Bound 
Brook, N.J.). 


COL 


Colton Chemical Co. Div 


1747 Chester Ave., Cleveland 14, Ohio (Elkton, Mi.). 






Trenton Ave. and William St., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 
33 Avenue P, Newark 5, N.J. 


ALL 






Allied Chemical Corp.: 




ACG 


General Chemical Div 


40 Rector St., New York 6, N.Y. (Danville, 111.; Baton Rouge, La.; 
Baltimore, Md.; Buffalo, N.Y.; and Marcus Hook, Pa.). 


ACF 




40 Rector St., New York 6, N.Y. (Buffalo, N.Y.; Hopewell, Va.; and 
Moundsville, W. Va.). 


ACN 




40 Rector St., New York 6, N.Y. (Omaha, Nebr.; South Point, Ohio; 
and Orange, Tex. ). 


ACP 




40 Rector St., New York 6, N.Y. (Fairfield, Ala.; Calumet City and 
Chicago, 111.; Detroit, Mich.; Edgewater and Whippany, N.J.; 
Ironton, Toledo, and Youngstown, Ohio; Bethlehem, Frankford, and 
Philadelphia, Pa.). 


ACS 


Semet-Solvay Petrochemical Div 


40 Rector St., New York 6 ( Tonawanda j , N.Y. 


ACO 




P.O. Box 271, Syracuse 1 (Village of Solvay), N.Y. 


ALX 
AML 




3943 Buffalo Ave., Niagara Falls, N.Y. 
Ontario and Rorer Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 


. ^ .. . . . 




AMC 


Amchem Products, Inc 


Amber, Pa. (Niles, Calif.; and St. Joseph, Mo.). 


AAC 
AMK 




3440 Fairfield Rd., Baltimore 26, Md. 
Broad & 14th Sts., Carlstadt, N.J. 


American Alkyd Industries ■ 


AAE 


American Aniline & Extract Co., Inc 


Venango and F Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 


AMB 
MAR 




710 W. National Ave., Milwaukee 4, Wis. 
Menasha (Green Bay and Rothschild), Wis. 


American Can Co., Marathon Corp. Div 


ACY 




30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York 20, N.Y. (Azusa, Calif.; Stamford 
and Wallingford, Conn.; Avondale, La.; Bound Brook, Linden, 
Princeton, and Woodbridge, N.J.; Pearl River, N.Y.; Charlotte, 
N.C.; Cincinnati and Marietta, Ohio; Bridgeville, Pa.; Damascus, 
Va.; and Willow Island, W. Va.). 


NYC 


American Dyewood Co., New York Color 
& Chemical Co. Div. 


374 Main St., Belleville 9, N.J. 


WYT 


American Home Products Corp., Wyeth 
Laboratories, Inc. Div. 


P.O. Box 2899, Philadelphia 1 (Westchester), Pa. 


AMZ 


American Marietta Co.: 


250 Park Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 


AMR 


Adhesive, Resin & Chemical Div 


42 S. 3d St., Newark, Ohio; and 3400 13th Ave., S.W., Seattle 4, 
Wash. 


AMF 


Ferbert-Schorndorfer Co. Div 


12815 Elmwood Ave., Cleveland 11, Ohio. 


AMS 


Ridgway Color & Chemical Co. Div 


75 Front Street, Ridgway, Pa. 


SDC 


Southern Dyestuff Co. Div 


P.O. Box 10098, Charlotte 1 (Sodyeco), N.C. 


AMD 
AMP 




P.O. Box 401, Texas City, Tex. 

3000 W. 6th St., Los Angeles 54, Calif. 


American Potash & Chemical Corp 


ASY 

AV 




P.O. Box 360, Louisville 1, Ky. 

1617 Pennsylvania Blvd., Philadelphia 3, Pa. (Meadville, Pa.; and 
Fredericksburg, Va.). 


A V" 




orp 


AT.R 




132 Water St., S. Norwalk, Conn. 

910 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 80, 111. (Joliet, 111.; and Texas 
City, Tex.). 


ACC 


, „ . ' 




orp 


ASL 


Ansul Chemical Co 


Staunton Street, Marinette, Wis. 


APX 


Apex Chemical Co., Inc 


200 S. 1st St., Elizabethport 1, N.J. 


APC 


Appleton Coated Paper Co 


1200 N. Meade St., Appleton, Wis. 


ARA 




2800 Pearl St., Boulder, Colo. 

700 Investors Bldg., Minneapolis, Minn. (Los Angeles, Calif.; 

Pensacola, Fla.; Minneapolis, Minn.; Valley Park, Mo.; and Newark, 

N.J.). 
7301 Bessemer Ave., Cleveland 27, Ohio. 


ADM 


t h n • 1 Mlrtl rt r 




ARO 




ARC 




633 Court St., Brooklyn 31, N.Y. 




Armour & Co . : 


ARC 


Armour Industrial Chemical Co. Div — 


110 N. Wacker Dr., Chicago 6 (McCook), 111. 


ARP 


Armour Pharmaceutical Co. Div 


P.O. Box 511, Kankakee (Bradley), 111. 



172 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 

TABLE 23. —Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1959— Continued 



Name of company 



Armstrong Cork Co 

Armstrong Paint & Varnish Works, Inc- 
Arnold, Hoffman & Co., Inc 

Ashland Oil & Refining Co 

Astra Pharmaceutical Products, Inc — 

Atlantic Chemical Corp 

Atlantic Refining Co 

Atlas Powder Co 

Atlas Processing Co 

Atlas Refinery, Inc 

Augusta Chemical Co 

Baker Castor Oil Co 

J. T. Baker Chemical Co 

Taylor Chemical Div 

Baltimore Paint & Chemical Corp 

Bates Chemical Co 

Beech-Nut Life Savers, Inc 

Belle Chemical Co., Inc 

Bennett's 

Benzol Products Co 

F. W. Berk & Co., Inc 

Berkeley Chemical Corp 

Bioferm Corp 

Bios Laboratories, Inc 

Bird & Son, Inc., Floor Covering Div> 
Borden Chemical Co 



Borg -Warner Corp., Marbon Chemical Div- 

Walter N. Boysen Co 

Bristol-Meyers Co., Bristol Labora- 
tories Div. 

Brooklyn Color Works, Inc 

Brown Co 

Andrew Brown Co 

M. A. Bruder & Sons, Inc 

Bryant Chemical Corp 

Buckeye Cellulose Corp 

Buckman Laboratories, Inc 

Burkart-Schier Chemical Co 

Burroughs Wellcome & Co. (U.S.A.), Inc- 

Bzura, Inc 

Samuel Cabot, Inc 

Cadet Chemical Corp 

Calcasieu Chemical Corp 

California Ink Co., Inc 

California Spray-Chemical Corp 

Capital Plastics, Inc 

Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc 

Advance Solvents & Chemical Div 

Carpenter-Morton Co 

Carus Chemical Co., Inc 

Carwin Co 

Cary Chemicals, Inc 

Catalin Corp. of America 



Celanese Corp. of America: 
Celanese Chemical Co. Div- 



Celanese Plastics Co. Div- 



Central Paint & Varnish Works, Inc- 

Chase Chemical Corp 

Chemagro Corp 

Chemfax, Inc 

Chemical Insecticide Corp 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



W. Liberty St., Lancaster (Pittsburgh), Pa. 

1318-1500 S. Kilbourn Ave., Chicago 23, 111. 

55 Canal Street, Providence 1, R.I. (Dighton, Mass.; Charlotte, 

N.C.; and Cincinnati, Ohio). 
1401 Winchester Ave., Ashland, Ky. (Tonawanda, N.Y.). 
7 Neponset St., Worcester 6, Mass. 
153 Prospect St., Passaic (Nutley), N.J. 
260 S. Broad St., Philadelphia 1, Pa. (Philadelphia, Pa.; and Port 

Arthur, Tex.). 
Wilmington 99, Del. (New Castle, Del.; Memphis, Term.; and Houston, 

Tex.). 
P.O. Box 1786, 3546 Midway St., Shreveport, La. 
142 Lockwood St., Newark 5, N.J. 
P.O. Box 660, Augusta, Ga. 

40 Avenue A, Bayonne, N.J. (Los Angeles, Calif.; and Bayonne, N.J.). 
600 N. Broad St., Phillipsburg, N.J. 

600 N. Broad St., Phillipsburg, N.J. (Perm Yan, N.Y. ). 
2325 Annapolis Ave., Baltimore 30, Md. 
Scottdale Road, Lansdowne, Pa. 
Canajoharie, N.Y. 

534 Pearl St., Reading (Womelsdorf ) , Pa. 
65 W. 1st South, Salt Lake City 10, Utah. 
237 South St., Newark 5 (Nixon), N.J. 
Wood -Ridge, N.J. 

11 Summit Ave., Berkeley Heights, N.J. 
P.O. Box 1375, Wasco, Calif. 
17 W. 60th St., New York 23, N.Y. 
E. Walpole (Norwood), Mass. 
350 Madison Ave., New York 17, N.Y. (Demopolis, Ala.; Compton, 

Calif.; Illiopolis, 111.; Leominster, North Andover, and Peabody, 

Mass.; Middlesex, N.J.; Bainbridge, N.Y.; Fayetteville, N.C.; 

Springfield, Oreg.; Philadelphia, Pa.; Kent and Seattle, Wash.; 

and Browntown, Wis.). 
Box 68, Washington, W. Va. 
1101 42d St., Oakland 8, Calif. 
P.O. Box 657, Syracuse 1, N.Y. 

Morgan & Norman Avenues, Brooklyn 22, N.Y. 
650 Main St., Berlin, N.H. 
5431 District Blvd., Los Angeles 22, Calif. 
52d St. & Grays Ave., Philadelphia 43, Pa. 
6 North St., N. Quincy 71, Mass. 
2899 Jackson Ave., Memphis 8, Term. 
1256 N. McLean, Memphis 8, Tenn. 
1228 Chestnut St., Chattanooga 2, Tenn. 
1 Scarsdale Rd., Tuckahoe 7, N.Y. 
Clark St. & Broadway, Keyport, N.J. 
246 Summer St., Boston 10 (Chelsea), Mass. 
2153 Lockport-Olcott Rd., Burt, N.Y. 

P.O. Box 6, 821 Gravier St., New Orleans 6 (Lake Charles), La. 
711 Camelia St., Berkeley 10, Calif. 
Lucas & Ortho Way, Richmond, Calif. 
250 Mill St., Rochester 14, N.Y. (Brodhead, Wis.). 
West Street, Reading 15, Ohio. 
500 Jersey Ave., New Brunswick, N.J. 
376 3d St., Everett 49, Mass. 
1375 8th St., LaSalle, 111. 
Stiles Lane, North Haven, Conn. 
P.O. Box 38, East Brunswick (Flemington) , N.J. 

1 Park Ave., New York, N.Y. (Calumet City, 111.; Fords, N.J.; and 
Thomasville, N.C.). 

180 Madison Avenue, New York 16, N.Y. (Amcelle and Cumberland, Md.; 
Celriver and Rockhill, S.C.; Bishop and Pampa, Tex.; Celco and 
Narrows, Va.; and Gallipolis Ferry and Point Pleasant, W. Va.). 

744 Broad St., Newark 2, N.J. (Belvidere and Newark, N.J.; and Deer 
Park, Tex.). 

59 Prospect St., Brooklyn 1, N.Y. 

3527 SmalLman St., Pittsburgh 1, Pa. 

Hawthorn Rd., Kansas City 20, Mo. 

P.O. Box 763, Gulfport, Miss. 

30 Whitman Ave., Metuchen, N.J. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 



173 



TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1959 — Continued 



Code 


Name of company 




Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 




CMG 


Chemical Manufacturing Co., 


Inc 


Ashland, Mass. 




CPR 






1901 Spring St., Redwood City, Calif. 










CPD 
CCO 






P.O. Box 815, Cartersville, Ga. 

2508 E. Bailey Rd., Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio. 




_. . T p 










CKL 
CS 
CPC 
CBP 






4040 W. 123d St., Worth, 111. 

350 5th Ave., New York 1, N.Y. (Gonzales, Fla. ) . 

43 Summit St., Brooklyn 31, N.Y. 

556 Morris Ave., Summit, N.J. 




_. „ ' 




fhMd '"p") r'T T 




Ciba Pharmaceutical Products, Inc 




CIT 






132 West 22d St., New York 11, N.Y. (Jersey City, N.J. 










CLY 






P.O. Box 749, New Brunswick (Franklin Township), N.J. 










CLV 


Clover Chemical Co 




P.O. Box 10865, Pittsburgh 36, Pa. 




CPL 


Coast Paint & Lacquer Co., 


Inc 


P.O. Box 1113, Houston 1, Tex. 




COS 


Coastwise Petroleum Co 




1127 Munsey Bldg., Baltimore 2, Md. (Good Hope, La.). 




COK 


Cockerille Chemicals, Inc — 




Greenwood, Va. 




CP 


Colgate-Palmolive Co 




300 Park Avenue, New York 22, N.Y. 




CW 






(Juimby St., Ossining, N.Y. 










CC 


Collway Colors, Inc 




15 Market St., Paterson 1, N.J. 




CLB 


Columbia Organic Chemicals, 


Inc 


1012 Drake Street, Columbia, S.C. 




CMC 


Comcolloid, Inc 




3240 Grace Ave., Bronx 69, N.Y. 




COM 


Commercial Solvents Corp — 




260 Madison Ave., New York 16, N.Y. 




CON 
CDF 






205 S. 2d St., Camden 1, N.J. 
3470 3d Ave., New York 56, N.Y. 




Concord Dyeing & Finishing 


Co., Inc 




CPT 


Consolidated Paint Co 




3101 E. 11th St., Los Angeles 23, Calif. 




CWP 


Consolidated Water Power & 


Paper Co 


Wisconsin Rapids, Wis. 






Continental -Diamond Fibre C 




70 S. Chapel St., Newark, Del. (Bridgeport, Pa.). 










CO 
CPV 


Continental Oil Co 

Cook Paint & Varnish Co 

Coopers Creek Chemical Corp 
Copolymer Rubber & Chemical 




1000 South Pine, Ponca City, Okla. (Westlake, La.; and 

Okla.). 
P.O. Box 389, Kansas City 41, Mo. 
River Rd., W. Conshohocken, Pa. 
P.O. Box 2591, Baton Rouge 1, La. 


Ponca City, 


CPY 


Corp 




CRN 


Com Products Co 




17 Battery Place, New York 4, N.Y. (Argo, 111.). 










P.O. Box 1311, Big Spring, Tex. 












CWL 


Cowles Chemical Co 




7016 Euclid Ave., Cleveland 3, Ohio (Skaneateles Falls 


N.Y.). 


ALT 


Crompton & Knowles Corp . , Althouse 


530 Pear St., Reading, Pa. 






Chemical Co. Div. 








CBY 


Crosby Chemicals, Inc 




Picayune, Miss. (De Ridder, La.; and Picayune, Miss.). 






Crown Central Petroleum Cor 




American Bldg., Baltimore 2, Md. (Pasadena, Tex.). 
240 India St., Providence 3, R.I. 
2-14 49th Ave., Long Island 1, N.Y. 










CRO 


Crownoil Chemical Co., Inc- 






CRT 


Crown Tar & Chemical Works, 


Inc 


900 Wewatta St., Denver 4, Colo. 




CRZ 


Crown Zellerbach Corp., Chemical 


Camas, Wash. (Lebanon, Oreg.). 






Products Div, 














4th & Parker Streets, Berkeley 10, Calif. 
Danville, Va. 




DAN 


Dan River Mills, Inc 






DAV 


H. B. Davis Co 




Bush and Severn Streets, Baltimore 30, Md. 




DLI 


Dawe's Laboratories, Inc 




4800 S. Richmond St., Chicago 32, 111. (Chicago, 111.; 
Mich. ) . 


and Newaygo, 


DEC 






120 Potter St., Cambridge 42, Mass. 




GRC 


Deere & Co., Grand River Ch 


emical Div — 


Pryor, Okla. 










50 Murray St., Staten Island 9, N.Y. 
Box 4067, Corpus Christi, Tex. 




DLH 


Delhi-Taylor Oil Corp 






DIM 


Delmar Chemical Co., Inc 




P.O. Box 108, Elkton, Md. 




DLT 


Delta Chemical Works, Inc — 




23 W. 60th St., New York 23, N.Y. 




DEP 


DePaul Chemical Co., Inc — 




44-27 Purvis St., Long Island 1, N.Y. 




DSO 


DeSoto Chemical Coatings, Inc 


1350 S. Kostner Ave., Chicago 23, 111. 




TTX 


Detrex Chemical Industries, 


Inc 


P.O. Box 501, Detroit 32, Mich. (Ashtabula, Ohio). 










845 Edgewater Rd., New York 59, N.Y. 

300 Union Commerce Bldg., Cleveland 14, Ohio (Newark, I 




DA 


Diamond Alkali Co 




.J.; Fair- 








port Harbor, Ohio; Houston and Pasadena, Tex.; and Belle, W. Va.). 








1820 Roscoe St., Chicago 13, 111. 












DOD 


Donald A. Dodd 




Rt. 5, Box 621, Everett, Wash. 




DOM 


Dominion Products, Inc 




10-40 44th Dr., Long Island 1, N.Y. 










1624 DarrowAve., Evans ton, 111. 

Midland, Mich. (Pittsburgh and Torrance, Calif.; Gales 




DOW 






Ferry, Conn. ; 








and Freeport , Tex . ) . 




DCC 






P.O. Box 592, Midland, Mich. 

15 E. 26th St., New York 10, N.Y. (Boonton, N.J.). 




DRW 


E. F. Drew & Co., Inc 






DRG 






1219 E. Church St., Adrian, Mich. 




DUN 






1007 41st St., Oakland 8, Calif. 





174 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 

TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1959 — Continued 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc- 



Dye Specialties, Inc 

Dykem Co 

J. S. & W. R. Eakins, Inc 

Eastern States Petroleum & Chemical Co- 
Eastman Kodak Co 

Tennessee Eastman Co. Div 

Texas Eastman Co. Div 

Eddystone Manufacturing Co 

Thomas A. Edison Industries, McGraw- 
Edison Co. 

Emery Industries, Inc 

Emkay Chemical Co 

Endo Laboratories, Inc 

Erdmann Chemical Co., Inc 

Escambia Chemical Corp 

Ethyl Corp 

Ethyl-Dow Chemical Co 

Evans Chemetics, Inc 

Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc 

Farley & Loetscher Manufacturing Co 

Farmers' Chemical Co 

Farnow, Inc 

Estate of W. U. Farrington 

Federal Color Laboratories, Inc 

Felton Chemical Co., Inc 

Ferro Chemical Corp 

Fiber Chemical Corp 

Fibreboard Paper Products Corp 

Fine Organics, Inc 

Firestone Tire & Rubber Co.: 

Firestone Plastics Co. Div 

Firestone Synthetic Rubber & Latex 
Co. Div. 

Florasynth Laboratories, Inc 

Florida Chemical Co., Inc 

Food Machinery & Chemical Corp. : 

Becco Chemical Div 

Chemicals & Plastics Div 

Chlor-Alkali and Mineral Products 
Div. 
Foremost Food & Chemical Co., El Dorado 

Div. 
Formica Corp., Subsidiary of American 
Cyanamid Co. 

Foster -Heaton Co 

France, Campbell & Darling, Inc 

Freeman Chemical Corp 

Fries Bros., Inc ■ 

Frisch & Co., Inc 

Fritzsche Bros., Inc 

H. B. Fuller Co — 

W. P. Fuller & Co 

Gamma Chemical Corp 

Gane's Chemical Works, Inc 



10th and Market Sts., Wilmington 98, Del. (Birmingham, Ala.; 
Antioch and San Francisco, Calif.; Louviers, Colo.; Fairfield, 
Conn.; Edge Moor, Newport, and Seaford, Del.; Tucker, Ga.; 
Chicago and Seneca, 111.; E. Chicago and Fortville, Ind.; Clinton 
and Ft. Madison, Iowa; Louisville and Wurtland, Ky.; Baltimore, 
Md.; Everett and Leominster, Mass.; Ecorse, Flint, Montague, and 
Wyandotte, Mich.; Carl Junction, Mo.; Arlington, Carney's Point, 
Deepwater, Gibbstown, Kearny, Linden, Newark, Parlin, Perth Amboy, 
and Pompton Lakes, N.J.; Buffalo, Dresden, Newburgh, Niagara 
Falls, and Rochester, N.Y.; Kingston, N.C.; Circleville, Cleve- 
land, Columbia Park, and Toledo, Ohio; Moosic, Philadelphia, and 
Towanda, Pa.; Camden, S.C.; Chattanooga, Columbia, Memphis, and 
Old Hickory, Tenn.; Beaumont, LaPorte, Orange, and Victoria, Tex.; 
Martinsville, Richmond, and Waynesboro, Va.; DuPont, Wash.; 
Belle, Charleston, Martinsburg, and Parkersburg, W. Va.; and 
Barksdale, Wis.). 

26 Journal Sq. , Jersey City 6, N.J. 

2307 N. 11th St., St. Louis 6, Mo. 

55 Berry St., Brooklyn 11, N.Y. 

P.O. Box 5008, Harrisburg Station, Houston 12, Tex. 

343 State St., Rochester 4, N.Y. 

Eastman Rd., Kingsport, Tenn. 

P.O. Box 2068, Longview, Tex. 

P.O. Box 4-71, Wilmington 99, Del. (Eddystone, Pa.). 

120 S. LaSalle St., Chicago 3, 111. (Stuyvesant Falls, N.Y.). 

4-300 Carew Tower, Cincinnati 2, Ohio. 

319 2d St., Elizabethport, N.J. 

84-40 101st St., Richmond Hill 18, N.Y. 

70 Lister Ave., Newark 5, N.J. 

P.O. Box 467, Pensacola (Pace), Fla. 

100 Park Ave., New York 17, N.Y. (Pittsburg, Calif.; Baton Rouge, 

La.; Orangeburg, S.C.; and Pasadena, Tex.). 
Midland, Mich. (Freeport, Tex.). 
250 E. 43d St., New York 17 (Waterloo), N.Y. 
117 Blanchard St., Newark 5, N.J. 
7th & White Sts., Dubuque, Iowa. 
P.O. Box 591, Kalamazoo, Mich. 
4-83 48th Ave., Long Island City 1, N.Y. 
Box 389, East Greenwich (Warwick), R.I. 
4633 Forest Ave., Norwood, Cincinnati 12, Ohio. 
599 Johnson Ave., Brooklyn 37, N.Y. 
P.O. Box 349, 450 Krick Rd., Bedford, Ohio. 
P.O. Box 218, Matawan (Cliffwood), N.J. 
P.O. Box 4331, Oakland 23 (Emeryville), Calif. 
205 Main St., Lodi, N.J. 

P.O. Box 690, Pottstown, Pa. 

381 W. Wilbeth Rd., Akron 1, Ohio. 

900 Van Nest Ave., New York 62, N.Y. 
P.O. Box 997, Lake Alfred^ Fla. 

Sawyer Ave. & River Rd., Buffalo 7 (Tonawanda), N.Y. 
1701 Patapsco Ave., Baltimore 26, Md. (Nitro, W. Va.). 
161 E. 42d St., New York 17, N.Y. (Newark, Calif.; and S. 

Charleston, W. Va.). 
P.O. Box 599, Oakland 4, Calif. 

4614 Spring Grove Ave., Cincinnati 32, Ohio. 

16 E. 5th St., Paterson 4, N.J. 

North Michigan Ave., Kenilworth, N.J. 

211 E. Main St., Port Washington, Wis. (Ambridge, Pa.; and 

Saukville, Wis.). 
P.O. Box 8, Carlstadt, N.J. 
88 E. 11th St., Paterson 4, N.J. 
76 9th Ave., New York 11, N.Y. (Clifton, N.J.). 
4819 Industrial Court, Cincinnati 17, Ohio. 
450 E. Grand Ave., S. San Francisco, Calif. 
355 Lexington Ave., New York 17, N.Y. (Great Meadows, N.J.). 
535 5th Ave., New York 17, N.Y.. (Carlstadt, N.J.) . 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 
TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , J959--Continued 



175 



Code 


Name of company 


Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 


GGY 




P.O. Box 430, Yonkers (Ardsley) , N.Y. 




OAF 


General Aniline & Film Corp. , Dyestuff 


435 Hudson St., New York, N.Y. (Calvert City, Ky.; Linden, N.J.; 




& Chemical Div. 


and Rensselaer, N.Y. ). 






24 Avenue B, Newark 5, N.J. 




General Electric Co.: 






1 Plastics Ave., Pittsfield, Maes. (Anaheim, Calif.; Pittsfield, 
Mass.; and Coshocton, Ohio). 










23 River Rd., Schenectady 5, N.Y. (Chelsea, Mass.). 










Waterford, N.Y. 

1125 Hudson St., Hoboken, N.J. 


GNF 


General Foods Corp., Maxwell House Div- 


GNM 


General Mills, Inc 


9200 Wayzata Blvd., Minneapolis 26, Minn. (Kankakee, 111.; and 
Keokuk, Iowa) . 


GNT 


General Tire & Rubber Co., Chemical 


1708 Englewood Ave., Akron 9, Ohio (Ashtabula and Mogadore, Ohio; 




Div. 


and Odessa, Tex. ) . 


GRG 


P. D. George Co 


5200 N. 2d St., St. Louis 7, Mo. 


GIL 


Gilman Paint & Varnish Co 


W. 8th and Pine Sts., Chattanooga 1, Tenn. 


GIV 




109-201 Delawanna Ave., Delawanna, N.J. 

900 Union Commerce Bldg. , Cleveland 14, Ohio. 


GLD 


Glidden Co 


BFG 


B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich 


3135 Euclid Ave., Cleveland 15, Ohio (Henry, 111.; Calvert City 




Chemical Co. Div. 


and Louisville, Ky.; Niagara Falls, N.Y.; and Akron and Avon 
Lake Village, Ohio). 


GGC 




1717 E. 9th St., Cleveland 14, Ohio (Port Neches, Tex.; and 
Institute, W. Va.). 




' 


GYR 


Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co 


1144 E. Market St., Akron 16, Ohio. 


GOR 


Gordon Chemical Co., Inc 


88 Webster St., Worcester 3, Mass. 


GDN 


Gordon Chemicals, Inc 


Broad & 13th Sts., Carlstadt, N.J. (Wilmington, Del.). 


GDL 


Gordon-Lacey Chemical Products Co. , 

Inc. 
W. R. Grace & Co.: 


57-02 48th St., Maspeth 78, N.Y. 






GRD 


Dewey & Almy Chemical Div 


62 Whittemore Ave., Cambridge 40, Mass. 


GCC 


Grace Chemical Div 


P.O. Box 4915, Memphis 7 (Woodstock), Tenn. 


GRP 


Polymer Chemicals Div 


225 Allwood Rd., Clifton, N.J. (Baton Rouge, La.). 


GPR 




1600 Oregon St., Muscatine, Iowa. 






GRV 




1350 Steele Ave. SW. , Grand Rapids 2, Mich. 

289 N. Main St., Leominster, Mass. (Baton Rouge, La.; and 


FG 


Foster Grant Co., Inc 






Manchester , N . H . ) . 


GRA 




85 Factory Street, Nashua, N.H. (Fitchburg, Mass.). 


GRS 




P.O. Box 4166, Corpus Christi, Tex. 

Box 5308, Terminal Annex, Denver 17 (Johnstown), Colo. 


GRW 




GTS 


Greenwood Textile Supply Co 


27 Meadow St., Warwick, R.I. 


GUA 


Guard Chemical Co 


North Water St., Ossining, N.Y. 


GOC 




P.O. Drawer 2100, Houston 1, Tex. (Cleves, Ohio; Philadelphia, Pa.; 
and Port Arthur, Tex.). 






GDC 


Gulf Research & Development Co 


P.O. Drawer 2038, Pittsburgh 30 (Philadelphia), Pa. 


GUY 




Box 1088, Huntington 1, W. Va. 


HMC 


H. M. Chemical Co., Ltd 


754 22d St., Santa Monica, Calif. 


HLI 


Haag Laboratories, Inc 


14010 S. Seeley, Blue Island, 111. 


HAB 




P.O. Box 366, Wilmington 99, Del. 


HAL 


C. P. Hall Co. of Illinois 


5245 W. 73d St., Chicago 38, 111. 


HAM 




5 Albany St., Springfield, Mass. 


HMP 




PoissonAve., Nashua, N.H. 

1313 Windsor Ave., Columbus 16, Ohio. 


HAN 


Hanna Paint Manufacturing Co., Inc 


HRB 




P.O. Box 940, Aberdeen, Wash. 

1945 E. 97th St., Cleveland 6, Ohio (Louisville, Ky.; Gloucester 


HAR 


Harshaw Chemical Co 






City, N.J.; and Hastings, N.Y.). 


HSY 


Harsyd Chemicals, Inc 


397 W. 21st St., Holland, Mich. 


HRT 




1440 Broadway, New York 18, N.Y. (Jersey City, N.J.). 
60th & Woodland Ave., Philadelphia 43 (Conehohocken) , Pa. 


HLC 




HLN 




4401 W. North Ave., Chicago 39, 111. 


HPC 




900 Market St., Wilmington 99, Del. (Brunswick, Ga.; Mansfield, 
Mas6.; Hattiesburg, Miss.; Burlington, Kenvil, and Parlin, N.J.; 
and Hopewell, Va.). 


HER 




822 S. 14th St., Manitowoc, Wis. 


HET 


Heterochemical Corp 


Ill E. Hawthorne Ave., Valley Stream, N.Y. 


HN 




342 Madison Ave., New York 17, N.Y. (Fords and Garfield, N.J.). 

P.O. Box 911, Pensacola, Fla. 

830 Magnolia Ave., Elizabeth, N.J. (Long Beach, Calif.; and 


HNW 


N rt Tnd t 1 r Div 


HNX 


Nuodex Products Co. Div 






Elizabeth and Newark, N.J.). 


HEX 


Hexagon Laboratories, Inc 


3536 Peartree Ave., New York 69, N.Y. 


HDG 
HST 




7247 N. Central Park Ave., Chicago 45, 111. 
129 Quidnick St., W. Warwick, R.I. 
324-424 Kingsland Rd., Nutley 10, N.J. 


H h t rh i r 


HOF 


H°ffm T R °h T^ 






HFT 




P.O. Box 1246, Springfield, Mo. 







176 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 

TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1959 — Continued 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Holland Color & Chemical Co 

Hooker Chemical Corp 

Durez Plastics Div 

Phosphorus Div 

E. F. Houghton & Co 

Chas. L. Huisking & Co., Inc.: 

Clintbrook Chemical Co. Div 

Glyco Chemicals Div 

Humble Oil & Refilling Co.: 

Esso Standard Div 

Esso Standard Div 

Humble Div 

Humphrey-Wilkinson, Inc 

Husky Oil Co— 

Hynson, Westcott & Dunning, Inc 

Imperial Color Chemical & Paper Corp — 

Industrial Dyestuff Co 

Inland Steel Container Co 

Interchemical Corp. : 

Color & Chemicals Div 

Finishes Div 

International Flavors & Fragrances, 

Inc. 
International Minerals & Chemical Corp- 

International Paper Co 

Intex Chemical Corp .- 

Ironsides Co 

Jamestown Paint & Varnish Co 

Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc 

Jefferson Lake Sulphur Co., Merichem 

Co. Div. 

Jennison-Wright Corp 

Andrew Jergens Co 

Jewel Paint & Varnish Co 

S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc 

Jones-Blair Paint Co., Inc 

Jones-Dabney Co — 

W. H. & F. Jordan, Jr. Manufacturing 

Co. 

Kali Manufacturing Co 

Kalide Corp 

Kay-Fries Chemicals, Inc 

Kelly-Pickering Chemical Corp 

Kendall Refining Co 

Kennecott Copper Corp.: 

Chino Mines Div 

Utah Copper Div 

Kessler Chemical Co., Inc 

Keysor Chemical Co 

Keystone Chemurgic Corp^ 

Keystone Color Works, Inc 

Keystone Paint & Varnish Corp 

KiLsdonk Chemical Corp — 

0. L. King & Co— 

Knapp Products, Inc 

Knoedler Chemical Co 

H. Kohnstamm & Co., Inc 

Kolker Chemical Corp 

Koppers Co . , Inc . : 

Chemicals and Dyestuffs Div 

Plastics Div 

Tar Products Div 



492 Douglas Ave., Holland, Mich. 

Buffalo Ave. & 47th St., Niagara Falls, N.Y. 

Walck Rd., North Tonawanda, N.Y. 

Buffalo Ave. & 47th St., Niagara Falls, N.Y. 

303 W. Lehigh Ave., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 

417 5th Ave., New York 16, N.Y. (Lyndhurst, N.J.). 
417 5th Ave., New York 16, N.Y. (Williamsport, Pa.). 

P.O. Box 551, Baton Rouge 1, La. 

P.O. Box 23, Linden, N.J. 

P.O. Box 2180, Houston 1 (Baytown), Tex. 

Devine St., North Haven, Conn. 

Box 380, Cody, Wyo. (Dickinson, N.D.). 

Charles & Chase Sts., Baltimore 1, Md. 

P.O. Box 231, Glens Falls, N.Y. 

P.O. Box 4249, Massasoit Ave., E. Providence 14, R.I. 

6532 S. Mendar Ave., Chicago 38, 111. 

150 Wagaraw Rd . , Hawthorne , N.J. 

224 McWhorter St., Newark 1, N.J. (Los Angeles, Calif.; Chicago, 

111.; Elizabeth, N.J.; and Cincinnati, Ohio). 
521 W. 57th St., New York 19, N.Y. (Union Beach, N.J.). 

5401 Old Orchard Rd., Skokie, 111. (San Jose, Calif.; Skokie, 

111.; and Niagara Falls, N.Y.). 
220 E. 42d St., New York 17, N.Y. (Corinth, N.Y.; and York Haven, 

Pa.). 
167 Main Street, Lodi, N.J. 
270 W. Mound St., Columbus 15, Ohio. 
Jamestown, Pa. 

P.O. Box 303, Houston 1 (Port Neches), Tex. 
P.O. Box 9788, Houston 15, Tex. 

Box 4187, Station E, Toledo 9, Ohio. 

2535 Spring Grove Ave., Cincinnati 14, Ohio. 

345 N. Western Ave., Chicago 12, 111. 

1525 Howe St., Racine, Wis. 

6969 Denton Dr., P.O. Box 35286, Dallas, Tex. 

1481 S. 11th St., Louisville 8, Ky. 

2126 E. Somerset St., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 

427 E. Moyer St., Philadelphia 25, Pa. 

19 South Canal St . , Lawrence , Mass . 

180 Madison Ave., New York 16 (West Haverstraw), N.Y. 

956 Bransten Rd., San Carlos, Calif. 

77 Kendall Ave., Bradford, Pa. 

Hurley, N. Mex. 

151 Mineral Square, Salt Lake City 1 (Arthur and Magna), Utah. 
State Rd. & Cottman Ave., Philadelphia 35, Pa. 

Box 338, Saugus, Calif. 

R.D. #2, Bethlehem, Pa. 

151 W. Gay Ave., York, Pa. 

71 Otsego St., Brooklyn 31, N.Y. 

101 Canal St., Lock Haven, Pa. 

640 Gilman St., Berkeley 10, Calif. 

180 Hamilton Ave., Lodi, N.J. 

651 High St., Lancaster, Pa. 

161 Avenue of the Americas, New York 7 (Brooklyn), N.Y. 

600 Doremus Ave., Newark 5, N.J. 

Koppers Bldg., 430 7th Ave., Pittsburgh 19 (Lock Haven and 

Petrolia), Pa. 
Koppers Bldg., 430 7th Ave., Pittsburgh 19, Pa. 
Koppers Bldg., 430 7th Ave., Pittsburgh 19, Pa. (Woodward, Ala.; 

Fontana, Calif.; New Haven, Conn.; Chicago, 111.; Chalmette, La.; 

Bangor and Portland, Maine; Everett and Westfield, Mass.; 

Wyandotte, Mich.; St. Paul, Minn.; Kearny and Westfield, N.J.; 

Buffalo, Rochester, and Utica, N.Y.; Hamilton, Toledo, Warren, and 

Youngstown, Ohio; Kobuta, Oil City, Swedeland, and Swissvale, Pa.; 

East Provideaoe, R.I.; Memphis, Tenn.; Houston, Tex.; Arroya and 

Follansbee, ». Va.; and Carrollville and Milwaukee, Wis.). 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 
TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1959--' Continued 



177 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Krumbhaar Chemicals, Inc 

Krystall Chemical Co 

Kyanize Paints, Inc 

Lakeside Laboratories, Inc 

LaMotte Chemical Products Co 

LaSalle Chemical Corp 

Laurel Soap Manufacturing Co., Inc— 

Leatex Chemical Co 

Lebanon Chemical Corp 

Leffingwell Chemical Co 

B. L. Lemke &Co., Inc 

Leonard Refineries, Inc 

Lever Brothers Co 

C. Lever Co., Inc 

Fred'k H. Levey Co., Inc 

Lewis Tar Products Co 

Eli Lilly & Co 

Charles R. Long, Jr. Co 

Lubrizol Corp 

George Lueders & Co 

Maas & Waldstein Co 

Magruder Color Co., Inc 

Mallinckrodt Chemical Works 

Marblette Corp 

Marden-VVild Corp 

Marlowe-Van Loan Corp 

Max Marx Color & Chemical Co 

Maryland Plastics Co 

Maumee Chemical Co 

Otto B. May, Inc 

Maywood Chemical Works 

McCloskey Varnish Co 

McWhorter Chemicals, Inc 

Medical Chemicals Corp 

Merck & Co., Inc 

M. J. Merkin Paint Co., Inc 

Metalsalts Corp 

Metro-Atlantic, Inc 

J. Meyer & Sons, Inc 

Michigan Chemical Corp 

Midland Industrial Finishes Co 

Miles Chemical Co 

Miles Laboratories, Inc ' 

Mineral Oil Refining Co 

Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co-- 

Minnesota Paints, Inc 

Miranol Chemical Co., Inc 

Mississippi Chemical Corp 

Mobay Chemical Co 

Mona Industries, Inc 

Monsanto Chemical Co 

Plastics Div 

Montrose Chemical Co 

Montrose Chemical Corp. of Californii 

Benjamin Moore & Co 

Morningstar Paisley, Inc 

Morton Chemical Co 

Morwear Paint Co 

Motomco, Inc 

National Biochemical Co 

National Casein Co 

National Dairy Products Corp., 

Sheffield Chemical Co. Div. 
National Distillers & Chemical Corp. 

U.S. Industrial Chemicals Co. Div. 
National Lead Co 



24 Jacobus Ave., South Kearny, N.J. 
1301 W. Belden Ave., Chicago 14, 111. 
2d and Boston Sts., Everett 49, Mass. 
1707 E. North Ave., Milwaukee 1, Wis. 
Chestertown, Md. 

21-23 Merseles St., Jersey City 2, N.J. 
Thompson & Tioga Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 
2722 N. Hancock St., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 
P.O. Box 532, Lebanon, Pa. 
P.O. Box 1187, Perry Annex, Whittier, Calif. 

199 Main St., Lodi, N.J. 

East Superior St., Alma (Mt. Pleasant), Mich. 

390 Park Ave., New York 22, N.Y. 

Howard and Huntington Sts., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 

380 Madison Ave., New York 17 (Brooklyn), N.Y. 

P.O. Box A, Lyons (McCook) , 111. 

740 S. Alabama St., Indianapolis 6, Ind. 

1630 W. Hill St., Louisville 10, Ky. 

Cleveland 17, Ohio. 

427 Washington St., New York 13 (Patchogue), N.Y. 

2121 McCarter Highway, Newark 4, N.J. 

2385 Richmond Terrace, Staten Island 2, N.Y. 

3600 North Second St., St. Louis 7, Mo. (St. Louis, Mo.; and 

Jersey City, N.J.). 
37-31 30th St., Long Island City 1, N.Y. 
500 Columbia St., Somerville 43, Mass. 
1511 Byrum St., High Point, N.C. 
192 Coit St., Irvington 11, N.J. 

25 E. Central Ave., Federalsburg (Ridgely), Md. 
1310 Expressway Dr., Toledo 8, Ohio. 

52 Amsterdam St., Newark 5, N.J. 

100 W . Hunter Ave . , Maywood , N.J. 

7600 State Rd., Philadelphia 36, Pa. 

1645 S. Kilboum Ave., Chicago 23, 111. 

4122 W. Grand Ave., Chicago 51, 111. 

Lincoln Ave., Rahway, N.J. (Albany, Ga.; Danville, Philadelphia, 

and West Point, Pa.; and Elkton, Va.). 
1441 Broadway, New York 18, N.Y. (Lyndhurst, N.J.). 

200 Wagaraw Rd., Hawthorne, N.J. 
2072 Smith St., Centerdale 11, R.I. 
4321 N. 4th St., Philadelphia 40, Pa. 

500 N. Bankson St., St. Louis, Mich. (El Dorado, Ark.). 

East Water St., Waukegan, 111. 

N. Centennial St., Zeeland, Mich. 

Elkhart, Ind. 

P.O. Drawer C, Dickinson 1, Tex. 

900 Bush Ave., St. Paul 6, Minn. 

1101 S. 3d St., Minneapolis 15, Minn. (Fort Wayne, Ind.). 

277 Coit St., Irvington 11, N.J. 

P.O. Box 563, Yazoo City, Miss. 

1815 Washington Rd., Pittsburgh 34, Pa. (New Martinsville, W. Va.). 

65 E. 23d St., Paterson 17, N.J. 

800 N. Lindbergh, St. Louis 66, Mo. (Anniston, Ala.; Long Beach and 

Santa Clara, Calif.; Monsanto, 111.; Luling, La.; Boston, Mass.; 

Trenton, Mich.; Kearny, N.J.; Seattle, Wash.; and Nitro, W. Va.). 
812 Monsanto Ave., Springfield, Mass. (Texas City, Tex.). 
100 Lister Ave., Newark 5, N.J. 
824 Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles 17, Calif. (Torrance, Calif.; and 

Henderson, Nev.). 
511 Canal St., New York 13, N.Y. (Los Angeles, Calif.; Denver, 

Colo.; Carteret, N.J.; and Cleveland, Ohio). 
1770 Canalport Ave., Chicago 16, 111. 
Ringwood, 111. 

568 14th St., Oakland 12, Calif. 
89 Terminal Ave., Clark, N.J. 
3127 W. Lake St., Chicago 12, 111. 
601 W. 80th St., Chicago 20, 111. (Tyler, Tex.). 
Box 630, Norwich, N.Y. 

99 Park Av»., New York 16, N.Y. (New Orleans, La.). 

Ill Broadway, New York 6, N.Y. (San Francisco, Calif.; Perth Amboy, 
N.J.; and Philadelphia, Pa.). 



178 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 23.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , J955~Continued 



Code 




Office address (location of plant given in 








parentheses if not in same city as office) 


NPC 
NPI 




99 Park Ave., New York 16, N.Y. (Tuscola, 111.). 
Eames St., Wilmington, Mass. 


National Polychemicals, 


T F 




NSP 


National Southern Products Corp 


P.O. Box 390, Tuscaloosa, Ala. 


NSC 


National Starch and Chemical Corp 


750 3d Ave., New York 17, N.Y. (Meredosia, 111.; and Plainfj.eld, 

N.J.). 
P.O. Box 221, State College, Pa. (Fernald, Ohio; and Lock Haven 


NES 


Nease Chemical Co., Inc- 










and State College, Pa.). 


NEP 


Nepera Chemical Co., Inc 




Rt. 17 & Averill Ave., Harriman, N.Y. 


NEV 


Neville Chemical Co 




Neville Island, Pittsburgh 25, Pa. (Anaheim, Calif.; and Neville 
Island, Pa.). 


NYP 


New York & Pennsylvania 


Co., Inc 


425 Park Ave., New York 22, N.Y. (Johnsonburg, Pa.). 


NIL 


Nilok Chemicals, Inc 




2000 College Ave., Niagara Falls (Loekport), N.Y. 


NON 


A. P. Nonweiler Co 




P.O. Box 1007, Oshkosh, Wis. 








60 Park Place, Newark 2, N.J. (Richmond, Calif.; Cedartown, Ga.; 
and Carlstadt, Clifton, Harrison, and North Arlington, N.J.). 




., 




NEC- 


Norda Essential Oil 6 CI 

Inc. 
Northwestern Chemical Cc 


emical Co. , 


601 W. 26th St., New York 1, N.Y. (Boonton, N.J.). 


NW 





120 N. Aurora St., West Chicago, 111. 


NOR 






17 Eaton Ave., Norwich, N.Y. 








2001 W. Washington Ave., South Bend 21, Ind. (Baltimore, Mi.; and 














South Bend, Ind.). 


ODB 


Odessa Butadiene Co 




P.O. Box 1161, El Paso (Odessa), Tex. 


ons 


Odessa Styrene Co 




P.O. Box 1161, El Paso (Odessa), Tex. 


OH 


Ohio Chemical & Surgical Equipment Co — 


1400 E. Washington Ave., Madison 10, Wis. (Cleveland, Ohio). 


OIL 


Oil & Chemical Products 


Inc 


295 Madison Ave., New York 17, N.Y. (Houston, Tex.). 


OLC 


Old Colony Tar Co., Inc- 




500 5th Ave., New York 36, N.Y. (Cambridge and Worcester, Mass.). 


OLH 


Old Hickory Chemical Co. 


, Inc 


P.O. Box 1480, Richmond 12, Va. (Old Hickory, Tenn.; and 
Richmond, Va. ) . 




Olin Mathieson Chemical 


Corp.: 




OMB 


Blockson Chemical Co. 


Div 


Joliet, 111. 


OMC 






10 Light St., Baltimore 3, Md. (Huntsville and Mcintosh, Ala.; 

Brandenburg, Ky.; Lake Charles, La.; Niagara Falls and Rochester, 

N.Y.). 
745 5th Ave., New York 22, N.Y. (New Brunswick, N.J.; and 


QMS 


E. R. Squibb & Sons Div 








Brooklyn, N.Y.). 


ONX 


Onyx Chemical Co 




190 Warren St., Jersey City 2, N.J. (Jersey City, N.J.; and 
Rossville, Staten Island, N.Y.}. 








601 W. 26th St., New York 1, N.Y. (Newark, N.J.). 
1724 Greenleaf Ave., Chicago 26, 111. 


ORG 






ORO 






200 Bush St., San Francisco 4, Calif. (Oak Point, La.). 








52-20 37th St., Long Island City, N.Y. 








OSB 


C. J. Osborn Co 




1301 W. Blancke St., Linden, N.J. 


OTT 


Ottol Oil Co 




455 Cortlandt St., Belleville 9, N.J. 


PBS 






Merchandise Mart, Chicago 54, 111. (Peoria, 111.; and Milwaukee, 

Wis . ) . 
P.O. Box 591, Tulsa 2, Okla. (Ulysses, Kans.; Cotton Valley, La.; 


PAN 


Pan American Petroleum Corp 








and Alvin, Frankel City, Katy, Levelland, Pettus, Sundown, and 








Sweeney, Tex. ) . 








Jos. Campau at the River, Detroit 32, Mich. 
59 Beekman St., New York 39 (Brooklyn), N.Y. 


PRP 


M. W. Parsons -Plymouth, 


Inc 


PAT 






335 McLean Blvd., Paterson, N.J. 


PUL 


Paul-Lewis Laboratories, 


Inc 


4215 N. Port Washington Ave., Milwaukee 12, Wis. 


PEK 






610 E. Clarence Ave., St. Louis 15, Mo. 


PCH 






3850 Oakman Blvd., Detroit 4, Mich. 


PCO 


Peerless Color Co., Inc- 




521 North Avenue, Plainfield, N.J. 


PEN 


S. B. Penick & Co 




100 Church St., New York, N.Y. (Jersey City, Lyndhurst, Montville, 
and Newark, N.J.). 


PAS 


Pennsalt Chemicals Corp- 




3 Penn Center, Philadelphia 2, Pa. (Calvert City, Ky. ; Wyandotte, 
Mich.; and Houston, Tex.). 


PAI 


Pennsylvania Industrial 


Chemical Corp — 


120 State Street, Box 240, Clairton (Chester), Pa. 


PAR 


Pennsylvania Refining Co 




Butler Savings & Trust Bldg., Butler (Karns City), Pa. 


PGU 






632 Cannon Ave., Lansdale, Pa. (W. Memphis, Ark.; High Point, N.C.; 
and Shawano, Wis.). 


PER 






2510 Highland Ave., Cincinnati 12, Ohio (Dayton, Ky.). 


PET 


Petroleum Chemicals, Inc 




P.O. Box 6, 821 Gravier St., New Orleans 6 (Lake Charles), La. 








P.O. Box 2584, Houston 1, Tex. 
104 Lakeview Ave., Waukegan, 111. 


PFN 


Pfanstiehl Laboratories, 




PRM 


Pfaudler Permutit, Inc., 


Permutit Co. 


50 West 44th St., New York 36, N.Y. (Birmingham, N.J.). 


PCW 


Pfister Chemical Works, 




Ridgefield, N.J. 


PFZ 


Chas. Pfizer & Co., Inc- 




11 Bartlett St., Brooklyn 6, N.Y. 


PFP 


Phelan-Faust Paint Manufacturing Co 


932 Loughborough Ave., St. Louis 11, Mo. 


PLC 






Bartlesville, Okla. (Borger and Pasadena, Tex.). 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 
TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1959 — Continued 



179 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Phillips Petroleum Co 

Phoenix Oil Co 

Pilot Chemical Co. of California-- 

Pitt-Consol Chemical Co 

Pittsburgh Coke & Chemical Co 

Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co 

Plastics Engineering Co 

Polychemical Laboratories, Inc 

Poly Resins, Inc 

Polyrez Co., Inc 

Poughkeepsie Dyestuff Corp 

Pratt & Lambert, Inc 

Premium Chemicals, Inc 

Presto Plastic Products Co., Inc-- 

Process Chemicals Co 

Procter & Gamble Manufacturing Co- 
Proctor Chemical Co. , Inc 

Productol Co 

Publicker Industries, Inc 

Puget Sound Pulp & Timber Co 

Pure Oil Co 

Purex Corp., Ltd 

Quaker Chemical Products Corp 

Quaker Oats Co 

R. S. A. Corp 

Raybestos -Manhattan, Inc 

Rayette, Inc., Chemical Div 

Red Spot Paint & Varnish Co., Inc- 
Refined Products Corp 

Reichhold Chemicals, Inc 



Alkydol Laboratories Div 

Varcum Chemical Corp. Div 

Reilly Tar & Chemical Corp 

Reliance Varnish Co., Lnc 

Remington Arms Co. , Inc 

Republic Creosoting Co 

Rezolin, Inc 

Richardson Co 

Richfield Oil Corp 

Riker Laboratories, Inc 

Rinshed-Mason Co 

F. Ritter & Co 

Ritter Chemical Co., Inc 

Riverdale Chemical Co 

Robert & Co., Inc 

Roberts Chemicals, Inc 

Rock Hill Printing & Finishing Co- 
Rogers Corp 

Rohm & Haas Co 

Roma Chemical Corp 

Rosett Chemicals, Inc 

Royce Chemical Co 

Rubber Corp. of America 

Ruberoid Co 

S & W Chemical Co., Inc 

St. Regis Paper Co., Lake States 
Yeast & Chemical Div. 

Dr. Salsbury's Laboratories 

Salvo Chemical Corp 

Sandoz, Inc 



Bartlesville, Okla. (Phillips, Tex.). 

9505 Cassius Ave., Cleveland 5, Ohio. 

11756 Burke St., Santa Fe Springs, Calif. 

191 Doremus Ave . , Newark 5 , N.J. 

2100 Grant Bldg., Pittsburgh 19, Pa. 

1 Gateway Center, Pittsburgh 22, Pa. (Torrance, Calif.; Atlanta, 

Ga.; Detroit, Mich.; Newark, N.J.; Barberton and Cleveland, Ohio; 

Springdale, Pa.; Houston, Tex.; New Martinsville, W. Va. ; and 

Milwaukee , Wis . ) . 
1607 Geele Ave., Sheboygan, Wis. 
490 Hunts Point Ave., New York 59, N.Y. 
11655 Wicks St., Sun Valley, Calif. 
So. Columbia St. & Railroad, Woodbury, N.J. 
77 N. Water St., Poughkeep'sie , N.Y. 
75 Tonawanda Sf. , Buffalo 7, N.Y. 
113 Marine St., Farmingdale, N.Y. 
5410 Avenue U, Brooklyn 34, N.Y. 
8733 S. Dice Rd., Santa Fe Springs, Calif. 
301 E. 6th St., Cincinnati 2, Ohio (Long Beach and Sacramento, 

Calif.; Chicago, 111.; Iowa City, Iowa; Kansas City, Kans.; 

Quincy, Mass.; Baltimore, Md.; St. Louis, Mo.; Cincinnati, Ohio; 

Staten Island, N.Y.; and Dallas, Tex.). 
P.O. Box 399, Salisbury, N.C. 

417 South Hill St., Los Angeles 13 (Santa Fe Springs), Calif. 
1429 Walnut St., Philadelphia 2, Pa. 
300 Laurel St., Bellingham, Wash. 
35 East Wacker Dr., Chicago 1, 111. 
9300 Rayo Avenue, South Gate, Calif. 
Elm, Lime, and Sandy Sts., Conshohocken, Pa. 
Merchandise Mart Plaza, Chicago 54, 111. (Cedar Rapids, Iowa; 

Omaha, Nebr.; and Memphis, Tenn.). 
690 Saw Mill River Rd., Ardsley, N.Y. 
P.O. Box 1021, Bridgeport (Stratford), Conn. 
261 E. 5th St., St. Paul 1, Minn. 
110 Main St., Evansville 8, Ind. 
624 Schuyler Ave., Lyndhurst, N.J. 
525 North Broadway, White Plains, N.Y. (Tuscaloosa, Ala.; Azusa 

and San Francisco, Calif.; Jacksonville, Fla. ; Argo, 111.; 

Kansas City, Kans.; Ballardvale, Mass.; Ferndale, Mich,; 

Charlotte, N.C; Elizabeth, N.J.; Brooklyn, N.Y.; Hampton, S.C.J 

Houston, Tex. ; and Seattle and Tacoma, Wash. ) . 
3242 S. 50th Ave., Cicero, 111. 
Niagara Falls, N.Y. 

1615 Merchants Bank Bldg., Indianapolis 4, Ind. 
4730 Crittenden Dr., Louisville 9, Ky. 
939 BarnumAve., Bridgeport 2, Conn. 
1615 Merchants Bank Bldg., Indianapolis 4, Ind. 
1651 18th St., Santa Monica, Calif. 
27th Ave. and Lake St., Melrose Park, 111. 
555 S. Flower St., Los Angeles 17 (Wateon), Calif. 
19901 Nordhoff St., Northridge, Calif. 
5935 Milford Ave., Detroit 10, Mich. (Anaheim, Calif.). 
4001 Goodwin Avenue, Los Angeles 39, Calif. 
403 W. Main St., Amsterdam, N.Y. 
220 E. 17th St., Chicago Heights, 111. 
92 Liberty St., New York 6, N.Y. (Newark, N.J.). 
P.O. Box 446, Nitro, W. Va. 
Rock Hill, S. C. 
Rogers (Manchester) , Conn. 

222 W. Washington Sq. , Philadelphia 5, Pa. (Bristol and Phila- 
delphia, Pa.; Knoxville, Tenn.; and Deer Park, Tex.). 
900 Passaic Ave., E. Newark, N.J. 
84 Waydell St., Newark 5, N.J. 
Carlton Ave., Carlton Hill, N.J. 
New South Rd., Hicksville, N.Y. 
500 5th Ave., New York 36, N.Y. (Joliet, 111.; Baltimore, Md.; 

and Erie, Pa.). 
P.O. Box 995, LaPorte, Tex. 
603 W. Davenport St., Rhinelander, Wis. 

500 Gilbert St., Charles City, Tex. 

Rothschild, Wis. 

P.O. Box 357, Fair Lawn, N.J. 



180 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1959— Continued 



Code 


Name of company 


Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 


SCF 


Schaefer Varnish Co., Inc 


15th & Magnolia Sts., Louisville 10, Ky. 


SCN 




Congress St. & 9th Ave., Schenectady 1 (Rotterdam Jet.), N.Y. 






SCR 




9425 Grinnell Ave., Detroit 13, Mich. 
60 Orange St., Bloomfield (Union), N.J. 


SCH 








SCO 


Scholler Bros., Inc 


Collins & Westmoreland Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 


FMF 


Schuylkill Chemical Co 


2346 Sedgley Ave., Philadelphia 32, Pa. 


SBR 


Schwarz BioResearch, Inc 


230 Washington St., Mt. Vernon, N.Y. 


SEM 


Seamco Chemical Co 


3 Hanover St., Holyoke, Mass. 


SRL 


G. D. Searle & Co 


P.O. Box 5110, Chicago 80, 111. 


SED 


Seidlitz Paint & Varnish Co 


18th & Garfield, Kansas City, Mo. 


SHW 




644 Monsanto Ave., Springfield 1, Mass. (Trenton, Mich.). 






SHC 




50 W. 50th St., New York 20, N.Y. (Dominguez, Martinez, Pittsburg, 










Torrance, and Ventura, Calif.; Denver, Colo.; Norco, La.; and 






Houston, Tex.). 


SHO 


Shell Oil Co 


50 W. 50th St., New York 20, N.Y. (Martinez and Wilmington, Calif.; 
Roxana, 111.; Norco, La.; Deer Park, Tex.; and Anacortes, Wash.). 


SHP 


Shepherd Chemical Co 


2803 Highland Ave., Cincinnati 12, Ohio. 


SW 


Sherwin-Williams Co 


101 Prospect Ave. NW. , Cleveland 1, Ohio (Chicago, 111.; Detroit, 
Mich.; Cleveland and Dayton, Ohio; and Philadelphia and Pitts- 
burgh, Pa.). 


SHL 


Shulton, Inc 


697 Route 46, Clifton, N.J. 


SID 




P.O. Box 925, Spartanburg, S.C. (Cranston, R.I.; and Spartanburg, 

S.C.). 
2301 N. Columbia Blvd., Portland 17, Oreg. 






SIM 


Simpson Redwood Co 


SIN 


Sinclair Refining Co 


600 5th Ave., New York 20, N.Y. (E. Chicago, Ind.; Sand Springs, 
Okla.; Marcus Hook, Pa.; and Houston, Tex.). 


SIP 


James B. Sipe & Co 


Box 8010, Pittsburgh 10 (Bridgeville), Pa. 


SK 


Smith, Kline & French Laboratories 


1500 Spring Garden St., Philadelphia 1, Pa. 


SM 




612 S. Flower St., Los Angeles 54, Calif.; and Beaumont, Tex. 






SPP 


Socony Paint Products Co 


Metuchen, N.J. 


SOH 


Sohio Chemical Co 


550A Guildhall Bldg., Cleveland 15 (Lima), Ohio. 


SOL 


Solar Chemical Corp 


29 Fuller St., Leominster, Mass. 


SLC 


Soluol Chemical Co., Inc 


Green Hill & Market Sts., W. Warwick, R.I. 


SVT 




341 Commercial St., Maiden 48, Mass. 
300 Park Ave. S., New York 10, N.Y. 


SON 


L. Sonneborn Sons, Inc 


SNC 




Hartsville, S. C. 


SOR 


Southern Resin Glue Co 


P.O. Box 352, Fayetteville (Vander), N.C. 


SOS 




3056 SE. Main St. , East Point, Ga. 


SPL 


Spaulding Fibre Co., Inc 


310 Wheeler St., Tonawanda, N.Y. 


SPR 




2801 Lynwood Rd., Lynwood, Calif. 






SPC 


Specific Pharmaceuticals, Inc 


331 4th Ave., New York 10, N.Y. (Bayonne, N.J.). 


SPN 


Spencer Chemical Co 


610 Dwight Bldg., Kansas City 5, Mo. (Calumet City, 111.; 
Pittsburg, Kans.; Henderson, Ky.; Vicksburg, Miss.; and 
Orange, Tex.). 


STA 


A. E. Staley Manufacturing Co 


N. 22d St., Box 151, Decatur, 111. 


SAC 


Standard Agricultural Chemicals, Inc 


1301 Jefferson St., Hoboken, N.J. 


CLN 


Standard Brands, Inc., Clinton Corn 
Processing Co. Div. 


Clinton, Iowa. 


SCP 


Standard Chemical Products, Inc 


1301 Jefferson St., Hoboken, N.J. 


sec 


Standard Chlorine Chemical Co., Inc 


115 Jacobus Ave., S. Kearny, N.J. 


STD 




5th St. & 5th Ave., Paterson 4, N.J. 






STN 


Standard Naphthalene Products Co., Inc- 


115 Jacobus Ave., S. Kearny, N.J. 


SOC 


Standard Oil Co. of California 


225 Bush St., San Francisco 20 (Bakersfield, El Segundo, and 
Richmond), Calif. 


SOI 




910 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 80, 111. (Wood River, 111.; 










Whiting, Ind.; Neodesha, Kans.; and Sugar Creek, Mo.). 


STT 


Standard-Toch Chemicals, Inc 


2600 Richmond Terrace, Staten Island 3, N.Y. 


sue 


Standard Ultramarine & Color Co 


P.O. Box 2166, Huntington 18, W. Va. 


STG 




342 N. Western Ave., Chicago 12, 111. 






STS 


Stansbury Chemical Co., Inc 


1929 Aurora Ave., Seattle 9, Wash. 


SF 


Stauffer Chemical Co 


380 Madison Ave., New York 17, N.Y. (LaMoyne, Ala.; Richmond and 
Torrance, Calif.; Louisville, Ky.; Henderson, Nev.; Brooklyn, 
Chauncey, and Niagara Falls, N.Y.; Perry, Ohio; Chester, Pa.; 
Lowland, Term.; and Bentonville and Roanoke, Va.). 


SFA 


Anderson Chemical Co. Div 


Weston, Mich. 


CHO 


Calhio Chemicals, Inc. Div 


380 Madison Ave., New York 17, N.Y. (Perry, Ohio). 


VIC 


Victor Chemical Works Div 


155 N. Wacker Dr., Chicago 6, 111. 


SH 


Stein, Hall & Co., Inc 


285 Madison Ave., New York 17, N.Y. (Charlotte, N.C). 


STP 


Stepan Chemical Co 


427 W. Randolph St., Chicago 6, 111. 




Sterling Drug, Inc.: 




SDG 


Glenbrook Laboratories Div 


1450 Broadway, New York 18, N.Y. (Trenton, N.J.) 


SDH 


Hilton-Davis Chemical Co. Div 


2235 Langdon Farm Rd., Cincinnati 13, Ohio. 


SDW 


Winthrop Laboratories Div 


1450 Broadway, New York 18 (Rensselaer), N.Y. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 
TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1959 — Continued 



181 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



Fred'kA. Stresen-Reuter, Inc 

Summit Chemical Products Corp 

Sun Chemical Corp.: 

Ampruf Paint Co. Div 

Ansbacher-Siegle Corp. Div 

Pigment Div 

Warwick Chemical Co. Div 

Sun Oil Co 

Suntide Refining Co 

Swift & Co 

Synco Resins, Inc 

Synthetic Chemicals, Inc 

Synthetic Products Co 

Synvar Corp 

Charles S. Tanner Co 

Tar Distilling Co., Inc 

Taylor Fibre Co 

Tennessee Corp 

Tennessee Products & Chemical Corp 

Tex Chemical Co 

Texaco, Inc 

Texas Butadiene & Chemical Corp 

Texas-U.S. Chemical Co 

Thiokol Chemical Corp 

Thomasset Colors, Inc 

Thompson Chemical Co 

Thompson Chemicals Corp 

Thompson-Hayward Chemical Co 

Toms River-Cincinnati Chemical Corp — 

Tousey Varnish Co 

Arthur C. Trask Co 

Treplow Chemical Co 

Triangle Chemical Co 

Trojan Powder Co 

Trubek Laboratories 

Joseph Turner & Co 

UBS Chemical Corp 

Paul Uhlich & Co., Inc 

Ungerer & Co 

Union Carbide Corp.: 

Union Carbide Chemicals Co. Div 

Union Carbide Plastics Co. Div 

Silicones Div 

Union Oil Co. of California 

United Cork Companies 

United Rubber & Chemical Co 

U.S. Borax Research Corp 

U.S. Oil Co 

United States Pipe & Foundry Co 

U.S. Plastics Products Corp 

United States Rubber Co. , Naugatuck 

Chemical Div. 
Universal Detergents, Inc. and Petro- 
chemicals Co. 
Universal Oil Products Co. , Universal 
Polychem Manufacturing Div. 

Universal Western Chemical Corp 

Upjohn Co 

Valchem 

Vanderbilt Chemical Corp 

Van Dyk & Co., Inc 

Velsicol Chemical Corp 

Verley Chemical Co., Inc 

Verona-Pharma Chemical Corp 

Vickers Petroleum Co., Inc 



4-00 W. Roosevelt Ave., Bensenville, 111. 
11 William St., Belleville 9, N.J. 

416 Boulevard, E. Paterson, N.J. 

92 Chestnut Ave., Rosebank, Staten Island 5, N.Y. 

750 3d Ave., New York 17, N.Y. (Harrison, N.J.). 

1040 44th Ave., Long Island City, N.Y. (Wood River Jet., R.I., and 

Rockhill, S.C.). 
1603 Walnut St., Philadelphia 3 (Marcus Hook), Pa. 
P.O. Box 658, Corpus Christi (Viola), Tex. 
4115 S. Packers Ave., Chicago 9, 111. 
Henry St., Bethel, Conn. 
335 McLean Blvd., Paterson, N.J. 
1636 Wayside Rd., Cleveland 20, Ohio. 
P.O. Box 1752, 726 King St., Wilmington 99, Del. 
250 S. Water St., Providence 3, R.I. 
500 5th Ave., New York 36, N.Y. (Cleveland, Ohio). 
Norristown (Betzwood), Pa. 

61 Broadway, New York 6, N.Y. (Copperhill, Tenn. ) . 
2611 West End Ave., Nashville 5 (Chattanooga), Tenn. 
20-21 Wagaraw Rd., Fair Lawn, N.J. 

135 E. 42d St., New York 17, N.Y. (Port Arthur, Tex.). 
44-0 Bank of the Southwest Bldg., Houston (Channelview), Tex. 
P.O. Box 667, Port Neches, Tex. 

P.O. Box 27, Bristol, Pa. (Moss Point, Miss.; and Trenton, N.J.). 
120 Lister Ave., Newark 5, N.J. 
90 Mendor Ave., Pawtucket, R.I. (Hebronville, Mass.; and 

Paw-tucket, R.I.). 
3028 Locust St., St. Louis 3, Mo. 
2915 Southwest Blvd., Kansas City 8, Mo. 
P.O. Box 71, Toms River, N.J. 
520 W. 25th St., Chicago 16, 111. 
327 S. LaSalle St., Chicago 4, 111. 
59 Camden St., Paterson, N.J. 
206 Lower Elm St., Macon, Ga. 
17 N. 7th St., Allentown (Seiple), Pa. 
State Highway 17, E. Rutherford, N.J. 
P.O. Box 88, Pleasantview Terrace, Ridgefield, N.J. 
491 Main St., Cambridge, Mass. 
90 West St., New York 6, N.Y. 
161 Avenue of the Americas, New York 13 (Totowa) , N.Y. 

30 E. 42d St., New York 17, N.Y. (Torrance, Calif.; Whiting, Ind.; 

Niagara Falls, N.Y. ; Port Lavaca and Texas City, Tex.; and 

Institute and S. Charleston, W. Va.). 
30 E. 42d St., New York 17, N.Y. (Ottawa, 111.; Wyandotte, Mich.; 

Bound Brook, N.J.; and Marietta, Ohio). 
30 E. 42d St., New York 17, N.Y. (Sistersville, W. Va.). 
461 S. Boylston St., Los Angeles 17, Calif. (Contra Costa County, 

Los Angeles, San Luis Obispo County, and Santa Barbara County, 

Calif.; Glacier County, Mont.; and Snohomish County, Wash.). 
Central Ave., Kearny (Jamesburg), N.J. 
P.O. Box 149, Baytown, Tex. 

630 Shatto PI., Los Angeles 5 (Boron), Calif. 
P.O. Box 1345, Providence, R.I. 
3300 1st Ave. N. , Birmingham 2, Ala. 
Lake & Whitman Aves., Metuchen, N.J. 
1230 Avenue of the Americas, New York 20, N.Y. (Naugatuck, Conn.). 

1825 E. Spring St., Long Beach 6, Calif. 

30 Algonquin Rd., Des Plaines (McCook), 111. 

12800 E. Imperial Hwy. , P.O. Box 487, Norwalk, Calif. 

301 Henrietta St., Kalamazoo 99, Mich. 

1407 Broadway, New York 18, N.Y. (Langley, S.C.). 

230 Park Ave., New York 17, N.Y. (Bethel, Conn.). 

11 William St., Belleville 9, N.J. 

330 E. Grand Ave., Chicago 11, 111. (Marshall, 111.; and 

Memphis, Tenn. ) . 
200 Pulaski St., Newark 5, N.J. 
Iorio Ct., Union (Bayonne and Newark), N.J. 
P.O. Box 2240, Wichita (Potwin), Kans. 



182 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 

TABLE 23. —Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, i959--Continued 



Name of company 



Office address (location of plant given in 
parentheses if not in same city as office) 



VTN 

VC 

VIS 

VTM 

VTV 

FRO 

WTM 

WTH 

WTL 

WRN 

WPC 

WAS 

WAT 

WEB 

WER 

WDC 

EW 

WST 

WVA 

WEV 
WRS 
WBG 
WHI 
WHW 
WIC 

wlm 

WIL 

woe 

WTC 
WTU 
WTT 
WAW 
WON 
WYN 



Vineland Chemical Co 

Virginia-Carolina Chemical Corp 

Visco Products Co 

Vitamins, Inc 

Vita-Var Corp 

Vulcan Materials Co., Frontier Chemical 
Co. Div. 

Wallace & Tiernan, Inc 

Harchem Div 

Lucidol Div 

Warner-Jerudnson Manufacturing Co 

Warren Paint and Color Co 

T. F. Washburn Co-- - 

Watertown Manufacturing Co 

R. D. Webb & Co., Inc— - 

Werner Drug & Chemical Co 

Western Dry Color Co 

Westinghouse Electric Corp 

Westville Laboratories, Inc 

West Virginia Pulp and Paper Co., 
Polychemicals Div. 

Geo. D. Wetherill Varnish Co 

Wheeler, Reynolds & Stauffer 

White & Bagley Co 

White & Hodges, Inc 

Whittemore-Wright Co., Inc 

Wica Co., Inc 

Wilmnt & Cassidy, Inc 

Wilson & Co., Inc., Wilson Labora- 
tories Div. 

Wilson Organic Chemicals, Inc 

Witco Chemical Co., Inc 

Ultra Chemical Works, Inc. Div 

John H. Witte & Sons, Resin Div 

W. A. Wood Co — 

Woonsocket Color & Chemical Co 

Wyandotte Chemicals Corp 

Young Aniline Works, Inc 



W. Wheat Rd., Vineland, N.J. 

401 E. Main St., Richmond 8, Va. (Charleston, S.C.). 

1020 Holcombe Blvd., Houston 6 (Sugar Land), Tex. 

809 W. 58th St., Chicago 21, 111. 

10 Commerce Court, Newark 2, N.J. 

P.O. Box 545, Wichita, Kans. 

25 Main St., Belleville 9, N.J.. 

P.O. Box 178, Newark, N.J. (Dover, Ohio). 

1740 Military Rd., Buffalo 5 (Genessee and Tonawanda), N.Y. 

2526 Baldwin St., St. Louis 6, Mo. 

700 Wedgewood Ave., Nashville 4, Tenn. 

2244 Elston Ave., Chicago 14, 111. 

127 Echo Lake Rd., Watertown, Conn. 

Stimpson Ave. at Stiles St., Linden, N.J. 

759 Beechwood Ave., Cincinnati 32, Ohio. 

600 W. 52d St., Chicago 9, 111. 

P.O. Box 146, Pittsburgh 30, Pa. 

Wheeler Rd., Monroe, Conn. 

Charleston, S.C. 

Haddon Ave. & White Horse Pike, Camden 3, N.J. 

636 California St., San Francisco 8 (Richmond), Calif. 

100 Foster St., Worcester 8, Mass. 

576 Lawrence St., Lowell, Mass. 

62 Alford St., Boston 29, Mass. 

P.O. Box 506, Charlotte 1, N.C. 

108-112 Provost St., Brooklyn 22, N.Y. 

4221 S. Western Ave., Chicago 9, 111. 



P.O. Box 452, Sayreville, N.J. 

122 E. 42d St., New York 17, N.Y. 

2 Wood St., Paterson 6, N.J. 

Oak St. & Bluff Rd., Burlington, Iowa. 

108 Spring St., Everett 49, Mass. 

179 Sonnyside Ave., Woonsocket, R.I. 

1609 Biddle Ave., Wyandotte, Mich. (Geismar, La. 

Mich. ) . 
2731 Boston St., Baltimore 24, Md. 



and Wyandotte, 






APPENDIXES 

A. U.S. Imports of Coal -Tar Intermediates 
and Finished Coal -Tar Products 

Table 24 summarizes, for the period 1957-59, U.S. imports of coal-tar products dutiable 
under paragraphs 27 and 28 of the Tariff Act of 1930. The data, which were obtained by analyz- 
ing invoices covering imports through all U.S. customs districts, are given in detail in a sepa- 
rate report of the Tariff Commission. 1 

In 1959, general imports of coal-tar chemicals entered under paragraph 27 totaled 28.8 
million pounds, with a foreign invoice value of $14.0 million, compared with imports of 14.4 
million pounds, valued at $10.7 million, in 1958. Most of the coal-tar chemicals imported in 
1959 were declared to be competitive (duty based on "American selling price"). Almost half of 
the total imports of these products in 1959 came from West Germany; imports from that country 
amounted to 10.8 million pounds, compared with 6.9 million pounds in 1958. Imports from Italy 
in 1959 amounted to 5. 1 million pounds, compared with 1. 7 million pounds in 1958. Imports from 
France totaled 2.7 million pounds in 1959, compared with 567,000 pounds in 1958, and imports 
from the United Kingdom amounted to 2.4 million pounds in 1959, compared with 1.2 million 
pounds in 1958. In 1959 sizable quantities of products that are dutiable under paragraph 27 were 
also imported from Canada (1, 377, 000 pounds), the Netherlands (1, 375, 000 pounds), Belgium 
(1, 350, 000 pounds), Switzerland (1 , 227, 000 pounds), Japan (782, 000 pounds), Denmark (764, 000 
pounds), Spain (364,000 pounds), Sweden (199,000 pounds), the Union of South Africa (165,000 
pounds), and Norway (123,000 poundsj. Smaller quantities came from' Austria (66,000 pounds) 
and Australia (14, 000 pounds). 



TABLE 24, 



Coal-tar intermediates and finished coal-tar products: U.S. general imports, classified by use, 

1957-1959 



(Jiantity 



Foreign 
invoice 
value 



(Jiantity 



Foreign 

invoice 

value 



Quantity 



Foreign 
invoice 
value 



Intermediates 

Finished coal-tar products, total — 

Dyes, total 

Acid 

Azoic compositions 

Basic 

Direct 

Disperse 

Fiber-reactive 

Fluorescent brightening agents- 
Ingrain 

Solvent 

Sulfur 

All other 

Synthetic organic pigments 

(toners and lakes) 

Medicinals and pharmaceuticals 

Flavor and perfume materials 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 
11,869 

6,604 



3,187 
700 



1,000 
dollars 

10,683 

13,278 



211 

674 

50 



2 

( 2 ) 

( 2 ) 
256 
164 
6 
655 
460 

( 2 ) 
1,349 
275 
1,793 



5,586 

1,582 

27 

382 

1,513 

115 

( 2 ) 

( 2 ) 

351 
332 
5 
858 
421 

( 2 ) 
5,792 
392 
1,508 



1,000 
pounds 

14,408 
7,092 



3,440 
947 

24 
342 
716 

59 
220 
289 

48 
175 

23 

18 

575 

4 

209 
1,550 

391 
1,502 



1,000 
dol lars 
10,654 

15,784 



6,467 

1,833 

45 

666 

1,576 

131 

631 

293 

118 

252 

74 

17 

824 

7 

286 
7,185 

610 
1,236 



1,000 
pounds 
28,842 

11,259 



1,000 
dollars 



14, 033 
21,901 



4,251 

1,117 

24 

462 

917 

94 

17a 

280 
64 

169 
32 
20 

888 
U 

202 
2,305 

559 
3,942 



7,867 

2,391 

48 

777 

1,921 

215 

494 

416 

154 

312 

104 

15 

987 

33 

401 

10,676 

865 

2,092 



1 Includes small quantities of organic pesticides and agricultural chemicals, rubber-processing chemicals, and 
surface-active agents. 

2 Not separately classified in 1957. 

Source: Compiled from the records of the U.S. Bureau of Customs. 



U.S. Tariff Commission, Imports of Coal-Tar Products, 1959, 1960 [processed]. 



183 



184 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 

The most important individual intermediates imported in 1959 were phthalic anhydride, 
gamma acid, refined naphthalene, 2-naphthol, and acetoacetanilide. In 1959, imports of phthalic 
anhydride, which totaled 12. 9 million pounds, came principally from Italy, West Germany, and 
France; imports of gamma acid, which totaled 609,000 pounds, came from Italy, the Nether- 
lands, West Germany, France, and Japan. Imports of refinexl naphthalene, which came from 
Belgium, West Germany, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and Japan, totaled 593, 000 
pounds; and imports of 2-naphthol, which came from West Germany and the United Kingdom, 
totaled 542, 000 pounds. Imports of acetoacetanilide, which came from the United Kingdom, West 
Germany, and Switzerland, totaled 491, 000 pounds. Among the other important individual chem- 
icals imported, anthraquinone came from France and the United Kingdom; cyclohexylamine, 
from West Germany and Switzerland; 1, 4 -naphthoquinone, from Japan, Switzerland, and Italy; 
and H acid, from West Germany and Italy. West Germany was also the source of most of the im- 
ports of phenyl isocyanate and 1-naphthol; France, of all the hydroxycinnamic acid, sodium salt; 
Canada, of all the phthalic acid, diisodecyl ester; and the Netherlands, of all the caprolactam 
monomer. 

Imports in 1959 of all finished coal-tar products that are dutiable under paragraph 28 com- 
prised 1,968 items, with a total weight of 11.3 million pounds and a foreign invoice value of 
$21.9 million. In 1958, imports consisted of 1,636 items, with a total weight of 7. 1 million 
pounds and a foreign invoice value of $15.8 million. In 1959, as in 1957 and 1958, medicinals 
and pharmaceuticals were the most important group of finished coal-tar products imported. Im- 
ports of medicinals and pharmaceuticals in 1959 amounted to $10.7 million (foreign invoice 
value), or 49 percent of the total value of all imports under paragraph 28. In 1958, imports of 
medicinals and pharmaceuticals amounted to $7. 2 million (foreign invoice value), or 46 percent 
of the total value of all imports under paragraph 28. 

Imports of coal-tar dyes, the next most important group of products entered under para- 
graph 28 in 1959, were 22 percent larger in that year than in 1958 and 47 percent larger than in 
1957. In 1959, imports of dyes (excluding synthetic organic pigments) were valued at $7. 9 mil- 
lion (foreign invoice value), or 36 percent of total imports under paragraph 28. In 1958, imports 
of dyes (excluding synthetic organic pigments) were valued at $6.5 million, or 41 percent of 
total imports under paragraph 28. In 1959, imports of synthetic organic pigments (toners and 
lakes) were valued at $401 , 000, compared with $286, 000, in 1958. Imports of flavor and per- 
fume materials in 1959 ($865, 000) were 42 percent greater than those in 1958. In 1959, imports 
of other coal-tar products entered under paragraph 28 (chiefly synthetic resins), valued at $2. 1 
million, were 69 percent greater than those in 1958. 



APPENDIX B 



185 



B . Research Workers and Research Expenditures in the 
Synthetic Organic Chemical Industry 

Because the synthetic organic chemical industry has evidenced considerable interest in sta- 
tistics on chemical research, the Tariff Commission for a number of years has collected and 
published statistics on the number of technically trained research workers in the industry, their 
salaries, and the cost of research (see table 25). Such information is not available elsewhere. 
Many of the companies that produce synthetic organic chemicals also manufacture other prod- 
ucts, and the cost of research applicable to synthetic organic chemicals must therefore be allo- 
cated; in some instances the allocation is somewhat arbitrary. Moreover, since not all com- 
panies report their research activities to the Tariff Commission, the data given in table 25 are 
only about 80 percent complete. Notwithstanding these limitations, the statistics do indicate 
general trends in the amount of research conducted in the field of synthetic organic chemicals. 

In 1959, 471 companies reported research activities on synthetic organic chemicals. The 
number of technically trained research workers reported for 1959 was 15, 585, compared with 
the 14,242 reported for 1958. The average salary paid in 1959 was $9,136, compared with 
$8, 717 in 1958. Total salaries paid research workers in 1959 amounted to $142 million, com- 
pared with $124 million in 1958. In 1959 the gross cost of research was $363 million--$50 
million more than in 1958. Research conducted for the industry outside the facilities of the re- 
porting companies—a cost not included in the gross cost given above --amounted to $18 million, 
or about $4 million more than in 1958. This figure, however, probably does not represent all 
research projects conducted for the reporting companies in universities and private laboratories, 
or all consulting services. 



TABLE 25. ■ 



-Synthetic organic chemical industry: Number of research workers, salaries paid research workers, 
and cost of research, 1955-59 



Companies 
reporting 



Technically 
trained 
research 
workers 1 



Salaries 

paid 
research 
workers 



Total reported cost of research 



Within the plant 



Gross 



Outside 

the 

plant 



1955- 
1956- 
1957- 
1958- 
1959- 



403 
409 
441 
447 
471 



14,191 
15,498 
14,852 
14,242 
15,585 



1,000 
dollars 
104,804 
117,186 
133,005 
124,151 
142,389 



1,000 
dollars 

252,530 
313,430 
309,716 
313,315 
362,971 



1,000 
dollars 
239,511 
308,376 
305,748 
309,070 
355,825 



1.000 
dollars 
11,614 
12,566 
16,687 
13,839 
18,261 



1 For the year 1955 a technically trained research worker was defined as a person with technical training engaged 
in research work and earning not less than $3,600 per year; for 1956-57 a research worker was defined as such a per- 
son earning not less than $4,500 per year; for 1958-59 a research worker was defined as such a person earning not 
less than $5,000 per year. 

2 The net-cost figure is obtained by deducting from gross cost the credits for salable products obtained in the 
course of research. 



C. Glossary of Synonymous Names of Cyclic Intermediates 

Many cyclic intermediates are known in the chemical industry and trade by a variety of names. 
Individuals in the industry and trade frequently are not acquainted with all the synonymous names 
for a given product. To bring together the synonymous names for each product, the tables on in- 
termediates in this report (table 7A in pt. II and table 7B in pt. Ill) show the standard name, in 
accordance with the system used by Chemical Abstracts; the standard name is frequently followed by 
the most common synonymous name in parentheses. 

In this report, as in previous reports in this series, the Tariff Commission has included a 
glossary of synonymous names of cyclic intermediates. This glossary, which originally was com- 
piled at the suggestion of the Industry Advisory Committee on Government Reports, is intended to 
serve principally as an index to the standard names used in the statistical tables on intermediates. 
The first column of the glossary lists alphabetically the common, or trivial, names usually en- 
countered in the trade. The second column gives the corresponding standard (Chemical Abstracts) 
names, under which the data are presented in tables 7A and 7B. 



186 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 
Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names 



Common name 



Acedianthrone 

1, 2-Acenaphthenedione 

4-Acetamido-2-aminophenol hydrochloride 

p-Acetamidobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

5-Acetamido-2-hydroxybenzoic acid 

l-Acetamido-2-methoxynaphthalene 

l-Acetamido-2-naphthol 

l-Acetamido-7-naphthol 

2-Acetamido-4-nitrophenol 

5-Acetamido-orthanilic acid 

Acetanilide-p-sulfonic acid 

Acetanilid sulfon chloride 

Acetate leuco violet 

p-Acetoacetchloranilide 

Acetoacet-o-chloroanilide 

o-Acetoacetochloroanilide 

Acetoaceto-1-naphthylamide . 

N-Acetoaceto-1-naphthylamine 

m-Acetoacetoxylidide 

Acetoacet-o-toluidide 

Acetoacet-o-toluidine 

Acetoacetyl-o-anisidine 

Acetoacetyl benzidine 

Acetyl-p-amino-o-aminophenol hydrochloride 

1- Acetyl -3-(4-amino-m-anisyl)urea 

Acetylamino Cleve's acid 

N-Acetyl-l-amino-8-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid 

Acetyl-o-anisidine 

Acetyl-p-anisidine 

Acetyldiaminoanthraquinone 

Acetyl-2,4-diaminophenol hydrochloride 

Acetyl H acid 

Acetyl-l,4.-naphthalenediamine-6(and 7) -sulfonic acids 

Acetyl-p-nitro-o-aminophenol 

Acetyl-m-phenylenediamine 

Acetyl-p-phenylenedi amine 

Acetyl-p-phenylenedi amine sulfate 

N 4 -Acetyl-N 1 -2-pyrimidinylsulfanilamide 

Acetylsulfadiazine 

Acetylsulf amerazine 

Acetylsulf amethazine 

t^-Acetylsulfanilamide 

N A - Acetylsulf anilamide 

2-(N 4 -Acetylsulfanilamido)thiazole 

Acetylsulfathiazole 

N 4 -Acetyl-2-sulfo-p-phenylenediamine 

N-Acetyl-o-toluidine 

1,2,4-Acid 

Ami chin 

m-Aminoacetanilide 

p-Aminoacetanilide 

p-Aminoacetanilide sulfate 

m-Aminoacetophenone 

6-(p-Aminoanilino)metanilic acid 

p-Aminoazobenzene 

Aminoazobenzene disulfo acid 

Aminoazobenzene-3,4— disulfonic acid 

p-Aminoazobenzene hydrochloride 

Aminoazobenzene-m- sulfonic acid 

Aminoazobenzene-p-sulfonic acid 

o-Aminoazotoluene 

o-Aminoazotoluene sulfate 

4-Amino£izotoluene-4— sulfonic acid and salt 

o-Aminoazotoluenesulf onic acid and salt 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



Aceanthra[ 2,1-a] aceanthrylene-5,13-dione. 
Acenaphthenequinone . 

3'-Amino-4'-hydroxyacetanilide hydrochloride. 
N-Acetylsulfanilyl chloride. 
5-Acetamidosalicylic acid. 
N - ( 2 -Methoxy- 1-naphthyl ) ac et amide . 
N-(2-Hydroxy-l-naphthyl)acet amide. 
N-(7-Hydroxy-l-naphthyl)acetamide. 
2 -Hydroxy-5 -nitroacetanilide. 
5-Acetamido-2-aminobenzenesulfonic acid. 
N-Acetylsulfanilic acid. 
N-Acetylsulfanilyl chloride. 
l,4-Diamino-2,3-dihydroanthraquinone. 
4 '-Chloroacetoaeet anilide. 
2 ' -Chloroacetoacet anilide . 
2'-Chloroacetoacetanilide. 
N-1-Naphthylacetoacetamide . 
N-1-Naphthylacetoacetamide . 

2 ,A -Acetoacetoxylidide. 
o-Acetoacetotoluidide . 

o- Acetoacetotoluidide . 

o-Acetoacetanisidide . 

4 ,A -Biacetoacetanilide. 

3 ' - Amino-<+ ' -hydroxyacet ani lide hydrochloride . 

l-Acetyl-3-(4-ainino-3-methoxyphenyl)urea. 

8-Acetamido-5-amino-2(and 3) -naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

8-Acetamido-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 

o-Acetanisidide. 

p-Acetanisidide. 

l,5(or l,8)-Diacetamidoanthraquinone. 

3 -Amino-4'-hydroxyacetanilide hydrochloride. 
8-Acetamido-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
8-Acetamido-5-amino-2(and 3 ) -naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
2 '-Hydroxy-5 '-nitroacetanilide. 
3'-Aminoacetanilide. 

4 '-Aminoacet anilide. 

p-Aminoacetanilide sulfate. 

4 '_ (2-Pyrimidinylsulf amoyl ) acetanilide . 

■4'-(2-Pyrimidinylsulfamoyl) acetanilide. 

4 '-(4-Methyl-2-pyTimidinylsulf amoyl) acetanilide. 

4 '-(4,6-Dimethyl-2-pyrimidinylsu If amoyl) acetanilide. 
N-Sulf anilylacetamide . 

4'-Sulf amoylacetanilide. 

4'- ( 2-Thiazolylsulf amoyl ) acetanilide . 

4'-(2-Thiazolylsulf amoyl) acetanilide. 

5-Acetamido-2-aminobenzenesulfonic acid. 

o-Acetotoluidide. 

l-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid. 

8-Am±no-6-methoxyquinoline . 

3 '-Aminoacetanilide . 

4 ' -Aminoacet anilide . 
• 4 -Aminoacetanilide sulfate. 

3 -Aminoacetophenone. 

5-Amino-2-(p-aminoanilino)benzenesulfonic acid. 

p-Phenylazoaniline. 

6-Amino-3,4'-azodi[benzenesulfonic acid] . 

6-Amino-3,4'-azodi[benzenesulfonic acid] . 

p-Phenylazoaniline hydrochloride. 

m-(p-Aminophenylazo)benzenesulfonic acid. 

p-(p-Aminophenylazo)benzenesulfonic acid. 
• 4-(o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine [NH 2 =1] • 

4-(o-Tolyl,azo)-o-toluidine sulfate. 

4-(4-Amino-m-tolylazo)-m-toluenesulfonic acid and 
salt. 

4-(4-Amino-m-tolylazo)-m-toluenesulfonic acid and 
salt. 



APPENDIX C 



187 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts ^ name 



Aminoazoxylenetoluidine 

p-Aminobenzenearsonic acid 

3-Aminobenzenesulfonanilide 

4-Aminobenzenesulfonanilide 

m-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid 

p- Aminobenzenesu If onic acid 

o- Aminobenzoic acid 

m-Aminobenzoyl I(or J) acid 

p-Aminobenzoyl I(or J) acid 

p-Aminobenzoyl-m-phenylenediamine 

o- Aminobipheny 1 

2-Aminobiphenyl 

A- Aminobipheny 1 

l-Amino-4-bramoanthraquinone-2,5-disulfonic acid — 

1- Amino- 2-bromo— 4- (p-toluidine ) anthraquinone 

3-Amino-N-butyl-p-anisolesulfonamide 

p- Amino-N- ( n-butyl ) phenol 

2-Amino-4 -chloroacetanilide 

5-Amino- 2-chlorobenzenesulf onic acid 

5 -Amino-3-chlorobenzenesulf onic acid 

5-Amino-<i-chlorobenzene sulfonic acid 

2-Amino-4-chlorobenzoic acid 

3-Amino-6-chlorobenzoic acid 

Aminochlorodiphenyl 

Aminochlorodiphenyl ethe r 

Aminochlorodiphenyl ether 

2-Amino-3-chlorotoluene [ CH3=l] 

2-Amino-4--chlorotoluene [ CH3=l] 

2-Amino-5-chlorotoluene [ CH3=l] 

2-Amino-6-chlorotoluene [CH 3 =l] 

2-Amino-5-chlorotoluene hydrochloride 

m-Amino-p-cresol [CH 3 =l] 

3-Amino-p-cresol methyl ether [CH3=l] 

3-Amino-p-cresyl methyl ether 

omega- Amino-psi-cumene 

u-Amino-ip-cumene 

Aminodichlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

2-Aminc-l,4-diethoxybenzene 

2-Amino-5-diethylaminotoluene hydrochloride 

p- Amincethylaniline 

U- Amino- 1,3-dihydroxy anthraquinone 

2- Amino-1 , 4-dimethoxybenzene 

p-Aminodimethylaniline 

p-Aminodimethylaniline sulfate 

2-Amino-4,6-dinitrophenol and salt 

o-Aminodiphenyl 

p-Aminodiphenyl 

p-Aminodiphenylamine 

"4-Aminodiphenylamine-2-sulfonic acid 

Aminodiphenyl ethe r 

4-Aminoethoxyethylaniline ' 

Amino G acid 

2-Amino-^-hydroxybenzenearsonic acid 

Amino I(or J) acid 

p- Amino-N-isobutylphenol 

■4-Amino-2-methylanisole [CH30=l] 

4 -Amino-4-' - ( 3-methy 1-5 -pyrazolone )-2,2' -stilbenedi - 
sulfonic acid. 

4— Amino- 1-naphthalenesu If onic acid 

2-Aminonaphthalene-3,6,8-trisulf onic acid 

8- Amino- 1 -naphthoi c lactam 

1- Amino-7-naphthol : 

l-Amino-8-naphthol-2,'4-disulfonic acid 

1- Ami no-8 -naphthoi -3, 6-di sulfonic acid 

l-Amino-8-naphthol-4,6-disulfonic acid 

2-Amino-8-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid 

A-Amino-5-naphthol-l,3-disulfonic acid 



4-(2,4-Xylylazo)-o-toluidine [ NH 2 =1]. 

Arsanilic acid [As0 3 H 2 =l]. 

Metanilanilide . 

Sulfanilanilide.' 

Metanilic acid [ S0 3 H = 1] . 

Sulfanilic acid [ S0 3 H=lJ . 

Anthranilic acid [COOH=l]. 

6-(m-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 

6-(p-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 

2, 4, A -Triaminobenzophenone. 

2-Biphenylamine . 

2-Biphenylamine . 

4-Biphenylamine . 

5-Amino-8-bromo-l,6-anthraquinonedisulfonic acid. 

1- Amino -2-bromo -4- (p-toluidino) anthraquinone. 

t^-Butyl-^-methoxymetanilamide [ S0 2 NH 2 =1 ]. 

p-Butylaminophenol . 

4 -Chloroglycinanilide. 

6-Chlorometanilic acid [S03H=ll. 

5-Chlorometanilic acid [S03H=lJ. 

4—Chlorometanilic acid [SC>3H=1]- 

4-Chloroanthranilic acid [C00H=1 ]. 

5-Amino-2-chlorobenzoic acid. 

Chloro-2-(or 3, or 4)-biphenylamine. 

5-Chloro-2-phenoxyaniline . 

p-(p-Chlorophenoxy) aniline 

6-Chloro-o-toluidine [MH 2 =l]. 

5-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=lj. 

4-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH 2 =lj. 

3-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH 2 =l]. 

4-Chloro-o-toluidine hydrochloride . 

2-Amino-p-cresol [OH=l]. 

5-Methyl-o-anisidine [ NH 2 =l] . 

5-Methyl-o-anisidine [NH 2 =1] . 

2,4-Dimethylbenzylamine. 

2 , 4-Dimethylbenzylamine . 

2,5-Dichlorosulfanilic acid. 

2 , 5 -Di ethoxyani line . 

N ,N 5 -Diethyltoluene-2,5-diamine hydrochloride. 

N, N-Diethyl-p-phenylenediamine . 

4-Aminoxanthopurpurin . 

2, 5-Dimethoxyani line . 

N , N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenedi amine . 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine sulfate. 

Picramic acid and salt. 

2-Biphenylamine . 

■4-Biphenylamine . 

N-Phenyl-p-phenylenedi amine . 

5-Amino- 2- ani linobenzenesulf onic ac id . 

p -Phenoxyani line . 

2-(p-Amino-N-ethylanilino)ethanol. 

7-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

A-Hydroxy-o-arsanilic acid [As03H 2 =l]. 

6-Amino-l, 3-naphthalenedisulf onic acid . 

( p - Is obuty la mino ) phenol . 

3-Methyl-p-anisidine [nH 2 =i], 

A ' -Amino-4 ' - ( 3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl ) -2, 2' 

stilbenedisulfonic acid. 
Naphthionic acid. 

7-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid. 
Naphthostyril. 
8-Amino-2-naphthol . 

8- Amino-1 -naphthoi -5, 7-disulf onic acid. 
8-Aminc-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,5-disulfonic acid. 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-5, 7-disulf onic acid. 



188 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



4-Amino-5-naphthol-l,7-disulfonic acid 

5-Amino-4-naphthol-2,7-disulfonic acid 

6-Amino-4-naphthol-2,7-disulfonic acid 

l-Amino-8-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid 

2-Amino-5-naphthol-7-sulfonic acid 

2-Amino-6-naphthol-8 -sulfonic acid 

2-Amino-8-naphthol-6-sulfonic acid 

4-Amino-3-naphthol-l-sulfonic acid 

4-Amino-5-naphthol-l-sulfonic acid 

6-Amino-4-naphthol-2-sulfonic acid 

7-Amino-3-naphthol-l-sulfonic acid 

7-Amino-4-naphthol-2-sulfonic acid 

2-Amino-4-nitroanisole [ CH 3 C =1] 

2-Amino-5-nitroanisole 

2-Amino-6-nitroanisole 

4-Amino-3-nitroanisole 

4-Amino-4-nitrodiphenylamine-2-sulfonic acid 

2-Amino-4-nitro-l_-phenol-6tSulfonic acid 

2-Aminophenetole [C 2 H 5 0=l] 

Aminophenol su If amide 

o-Aminophenol-p-sulfonamide 

o-Aminophenol-p-sulfonic acid 

m-Aminophenylcarboxypyrazolone 

1- (m-Aminophenyl) -3-methyl-5-pyrazolone 

Aminophenylphenyl ether 

m-Aminophenylpyrazolonecarboxylic acid 

l-(m-Aminophenyl)-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid-- 

p-Aminophenyl-p-tolylaminesulfonic acid 

2-Amino-4(3H)-pyrimidone 

Amino R acid 

5-Aminosaligenin-2-methyl ether 

6-Amino-3- (p-toluenesulf one ) amino-4-methoxytoluene 

3'-Amino-(p-toluenesulfone)ethoxytoluene 

2-Aminotoluene-5-sulfonic acid 

N- (4-Amino-m-tolyl ) -p-quinone imine 

w-Amino-l,2,4-trimethylbenzene 

Aminoviolanthrene 

Amylnaphthalenes 

o-Amy lphenol 

p-sec-Amylphenol 

p-tert- Amy lphenol 

Aniline-2,4-disulfonic acid 

Aniline-2,5-disulfonic acid 

Aniline oil 

Ani line s alt 

Aniline-m- sulfonic acid 

Aniline-p-sulfonic acid 

Aniline-omega-sulfonic acid 

4- Anilino-4' -hydroxydipheny lamine 

6-Anilinometanilic acid 

2-Aniside-4-acetylurea 

o-Anisidine nitrate 

2-Anisidine-4-sulfobutylamide 

o-Anisidine-p-sulfonic acid : 

2-(m-Anisyl)-4-chloroanthranilic acid 

N- (p-Anisyl ) -4-chloroanthranilic acid 

N-(m-Anisyl) -4-chloroanthranilic acid 

a -(p-Anisyl)-oc-ethyl-p-methoxyacetophenone 

a- (p-Anisyl )-p-metnoxyacetophenone 

N- (p-Anisyl )-4-nitroanthrani lie acid 

N- (p-Anisyl) -p-phenylenedi amine 

1 , 2- Anthrapyridine 

Anthraquinonylaminoanthraquinone 

1,4,9,10-Anthratetrol 



8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,5-disulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-5-sulfonic acid. 
6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
6-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid. 
7-Amino-l-naphthol -3 -sulfonic acid. 
l-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-5-sulfonic acid. 
7-Amino-l-naphthol -3-sulfonic acid. 
6-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid. 
6-Amino-l-naphthol -3-sulfonic acid. 
5-Nitro-o-anisidine [t!H2 = l]. 
4-Nitro-o-anisidine [NH 2 = ll- 
3-Nitro-o-anisidine [NH 2 = lJ. 
2-Nitro-p-anisidine [nH 2 = i]. 

2-(p-Aminoanilino) -5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 
6-Amino-4-nitro-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid. 
o-Phenetidine [ NH 2 =1 1 • 
2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulf onamide . 
2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulfonamide . 
2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulfonic acid. 
l-(m-Aminophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyTazoline-3-carboxylic 

acid. 
1- (m-Aminophenyl ) -3-methyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one . 
p-Phenoxyaniline . 
1- (m-Aminophenyl )-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxy lie 

acid. 
1- (m-Aminophenyl )-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 

acid. 
5-Amino-2-(p-toluidino)benzenesulfonic acid. 

Isocytosine. 
3-Amino-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

5-Amino-2-methoxybenzyl alcohol. 
4'-Amino-5'-methyl-p-toluenesulfon-o-anisidide. 

3-Methyl-N-(p-toluenesulfono)-p-phenetidine. 

4-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1], 

N- (4- Amino-m-tolyl ) -p-benzoquinone imine . 

2,4-Dimethylbenzylamine . 

16-Aminoviolanthrone . 

Pentylnaphthalenes . 

o-Pentylphenol . 

p- ( l-Methylbutyl)phenol . 

p-(l,l-Dimethylpropyl)phenol. 

4-Amino-m-benzenedisulfonic acid. 

2-Amino-p-benzenedisulfonic acid. 

Aniline. 

Aniline hydrochloride. 

Metanilic acid [ S0 3 H=l] . 

Sulfanilic acid [S0 3 H=l]. 

Anilinomethanesulfonic acid. 

p- ( p- Ani linoani lino ) pheno 1 . 

5-Amino-2-anilinobenzenesulfonic acid. 

l-Acetyl-3-(4-amino-3-methoxyphenyl)urea. 

4(or 5)-Nitro-o-anisidine [NH 2 =1]. 

N 1 -Butyl-4-methoxymetanilamide . 

4-Methoxymetanilic acid [S03H=l]. 

4-Chloro-N-(m-methoxyphenyl)anthranilic acid [C00H=11 

4-Chloro-N-(p-methoxyphenyl)anthranilic acid [C00H=1] 

4-Chloro-N-(m-methoxyphenyl)anthranilic acid [C00H=1] 

2-Ethyl-4'-methoxy-2-(p-methoxyphenyl)acetophenone. 

4' -Methoxy-2- (p-methoxyphenyl ) acetophenone . 

N- (p-Methoxyphenyl) -4-nitroanthranilic acid . 

N- (p-Methoxyphenyl ) -p-phenylenedi amine . 

Naphtho[2,3-h] quinoline. 

1, l' -Iminodianthraquinone . 

Leucoquinizarin. 



APPENDIX C 



189 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



4- Ant ipyrinecarboxylic acid 

p,p'-Azobis(N,N-dimethylaniline hydrochloride) 

4 , 4 ' - Azob i sd iphenylamine 

Azohydroxy ani line 

Azoxyani line 

m,m'-Azoxybis ani line 

Benz al chloride 

Benzaldehydedisulfonic acid 

Benzaldehydemonosulfonic acid 

l-(4-Benzamido-l-anthraquinonylimino)-5-benzamido- 

anthraquinone . 
2- [3-(4-Benzamido-2,5-diethoxyphenyl)-l-methyldiazo 

amino]ethanesulfonic acid. 
N-(4-Benzamido-2,5-diethoxyphenyl)-N-methyldiazo- 

taurine . 
3-(4-Benzamido-2,5-diethoxyphenyl)-3-sulfoethyl-l- 

methyltriazene . 
[ 3-(4-Benzamido-6-methoxy-m-tolyl)-l-methyldiazo- 

aminol acetic acid. 
[ 3- (4-Benzamido-6-methoxy-m-tolyl ) -N-methyldiazo ]- 

glycine. 

Benzanthrone 

Benzanthronedianthraquinonyldiimide 

Benzene azobenzene 

Benzene- 1,3-dicarboxy lie acid 

p-Benzenedic arboxy li c acid 

1,3,5-Benzenetriol 

Benzidine disulfonic acid 

2,2 -Benzidinedisulfonic acid 

Benzidine sulfonic acid 

Benz [cd]indol-2(lH) -one 

Benzocaine (nonmedicinal grade) 

2-Benzofurylcyanomethyl ketone 

2H-l-Benzopyran-2-one 

1,2-Benzopyrone 

Benzotri chloride 

Benzoylacetanilide 

a-Benzoylacetanilide 

l-Benzoylamino-4-aminoanthraquinone 

2-Benzoylamino-l,4-diethoxybenzene 

2-Benzoylamino-l,4-dimethoxybenzene 

5-Benzoylamino-2-nitrodimethoxybenzene 

5-Benzoylamino-2-nitrohydroquinone, diethyl ester-- 

Benzoyl J acid 

2- Benzoyl thiophene 

a -Benzylacet amide 

m-Benzyl-p-aminophenol hydrochloride 

Benzyl chloride 

o-Benzyl-p-chlorophenol 

Benzyl cyanide 

N-Benzyl-ethylaniline 

N-Benzyl-N-ethyl-p-nitrosoaniline 

3-Benzyl-7-hydroxy-4-methylcoumarin 

Benzylidineacetophenone 

4-Benzylidineaminoantipyrine 

Benzyl mercaptan 

p-Benzylphenylcarbamate 

p,p -Biacetoacetanilide 

Bibenzal 

Bibenzoyl 

Bibenzylidene 

o-Biphenylamine 

Bipheny lene oxide 

p,p'-Bis(acetoacetanilide) 



Antipyric acid. 

p-Dimethylaminobenzenediazonium chloride. 
p-Anilinobenzenediazonium chloride, 
p- (p-Aminophenylazo ) phenol . 
3,3' -Azoxydianiline. 
3,3' -Azoxydianiline. 



a ,<x -Dichlorotoluene . 

4— Formyl-m-benzenedisulfonic acid. 

o-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid. 

4,5' -Dibenz ami do - 1 , 1 ' - iminodi anthraqu inone ■ 

2- [3-(4-Benzamido-2,5-diethoxyphenyl)-l-methyl- 

triazen-3-yl]ethanesulfonic acid. 
2- [3-(4-Benzamido-2,5-diethoxyphenyl)-l-methyl- 

triazen-3-yl]ethanesulfonic acid. 
2- [3-(4-Benzamido-2,5-diethoxyphenyl)-l-methyl- 

triazen-3-yl] ethanesulf onic acid. 
[3-(4-Benzamido-6-methoxy-m-tolyl)-l-methyltriazen- 

3-yl] acetic acid. 
[3-(4-Benzamido-6-methoxy-m-tolyl)-l-methyltriazen- 

3-yl] acetic acid. 
7H-Benz[de] anthracen-7-one . 
3,9-Bis [l-anthraquinonylamino] -7H-benz [de] anthracen- 

7-one . 
Azobenzene. 
Isophthalic acid. 
Terephthalic acid. 
Phloroglucinol. 

4,4 / -Diamino-2,2 / -biphenyldisulfonic acid. 
4,4 / -Diamino-2,2 -biphenyldisulfonic acid. 
4,4 -Diamino-3-biphenylsulfonic acid. 
Naphthostyril. 

p-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester. 
2-Benzofuranacetonitrile . 
Coumarin. 
Coumarin. 

a, a, a -Trichlorotoluene. 
2-Benzoylacetanilide. 
2-Benzoylacetanilide . 
l-Amino-4-benzamidoanthraquinone. 
2 ',5 '-Diethoxybenzanilide. 
2 ',5 '-Dimethoxybenzanilide. 
2 ',5 '-Dimethoxy-4 -nitrobenzanilide. 
2 ,5 -Diethoxy-4 -nitrobenzanilide. 
6-Benzamido-l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid . 
Phenyl-2-thienyl ketone. 
Hydrocinnamamide . 

4-Amino-a-phenyl-m-cresol hydrochloride. 
a-Chlorotoluene . 

4-Chloro-a-phenyl-o-cresol [ OH=l] . 
Phenylacetonitrile. 
N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamine . 
N-Ethyl-N- ( p-nitrosophenyl ) benzyla m ine . 
3-Benzyl-4-methylumbellif erone . 
Chalcone . 

4-Benzylideneiminoantipyrine . 
a-Toluenethiol . 
a-Phenyl-p-cresol carbamate. 
4 ',4' "-Biacetoacetanilide. 
Stilbene . 
Benzil. 
Stilbene. 
2-Biphenylamine . 
Dibenzofuran. 
4 ',4 "'-Biacetoacetanilide. 



569056 O - 60 - 14 



190 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 
Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



N,N'-Bis(acetoacetyl)benzidine 

l,3-Bis(4-biphenyl)-2-thiourea 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl) aniline 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl-m-toluidine) 

2,2'-Bis(>i-hydroxyphenyl)propane 

N,N'-Bis-6-(l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid )urea- 

Bisphenol A 

Bisphenol B 

Bisphenol C 

Bisphenol G 

S^'-Bitolylene-^jA'-diisocyanate 



B.O.N- 

Broenner's acid 

Bromamine acid 

p-Bromoacetamidoanthraquinone 

Bromobenzanthrone 

2-Bromobiphenylene oxide 

p-Bromomethylaminoanthraquinone 

4-Bromo-N-methyl-l,9-anthrapyridone- 



a-Bromo-p-nitroacetophenone 

Bramoquinizarin 

o-(3-Bromo-p-tolyl)benzoic acid 

6-tert-Butyl-2 , 4-dimethylacetophenone 

n-Butyl-p-nitrobenzoate 



-3- 



p-Carboxybenzenesulfonamide 

3-Caxboxy-4-hydroxyacetanilide 

3- (Carboxymethyl ) -1- ( 5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl 

methyltriazene . 

(o-Carboxyphenyl) acetic acid 

Cassella acid 

Chicago acid 

Chlorinated cresols 

2-Chloro-3-acetamino-9,10-anthrahydroquinone acid 

ester. 

2-Chloro-3-acetaminoanthraquinone 

2-Chloro-3-acetamino-9,10-dihydroxyanthracene-9,10- 

disulfonic acid ester. 

o-Chloroacetoacetanilide 

Chloroacetylarsanilic acid 

5-Chloro-2-aminoanisole [CH30=l] 

4-Chloro-2-amino-6-benzenesulfonic acid 

6-Chloro-3-am±nobenzotrifluoride 

Chloroaminophenol 

2-Chloro-4-aminotoluene [CH 3 =1] 

3-Chloro-2-aminotoluene [ CH 3 =1] 

5-Chloro-2-aminotoluene [ CH 3 =1] 

m-Chloroaniline-o-sulfonic acid 

p-Chloroaniline-m-sulfonic acid 

p-Chloroaniline-o-sulfonic acid 

4-Chloro-o-anisidine [ CH 3 0=1] 

5-Chloro-o-anisidine [ CH 3 0=1] 

3-Chloro-2-anthracenecarboxylic acid 

2-Chloroanthraquinone-3-carboxylic acid 

Chloroarsacetin > ■ 

2-Chlorobenzaldehyde-5 -sulfonic acid 

4-Chlorobenzaldehyde-2-sulfonic acid 

l-Chloro-5-benzamideanthraquinone 

Chlorobenzanthrone 

4-Chlorobenzotrifluoride 

Chlorobenzyl cyanide 

l-Chloro-2-carbcocyaiithraquirione 

p-Chloro-m-cresol [CH 3 =1] 

2-Chloro-l,4-dihydroxyanthraquinone 

Chloro H acid 

5-Chloro-8-hydroxyquinoline 

3-Chloro-3'-methoxy-6-diphenylaminecarboxylic acid — 



i',A" '-Biacetoacetanilide . 

4,4'-Diphenylthiocarbanilide . 

2,2'-(Phenylimino)diethanol. 

2, 2 ' - (m-TolyliTtri no )diethanol. 

4,4'-Isopropylidinediphenol. 

6,6'-Ureylenebis [l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid]. 

4,4'-Isopropylidinediphenol. 

2,2'-Bis(<i-hydroxyphenyl)butane. 

4,4'-Isopropylidinedi-o-cresol. 

4,4'-Isopropylidinebis [2-isopropylphenol] . 

Isocyanic acid, (3,3 '-dimethyl -4, A '-biphenylene ester. 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid . 

6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

l-Amino-4-bromo-2-anthraquinonesulfonic acid. 

l-Acetamido-4-bromoanthraquinone . 

3-Bromo-7H-benz [de] anthracen-7-one . 

2-Bromodibenzofuran . 

4-Bromo-l-methylaminoanthraquinone . 

6-Bromo-3-methyl-7H-dibenz[f,ij]isoquinoline-2,7(3H)- 

dione . 
2-Bromo-4 -nitroacetophenone . 
2-Bromoquim' zarin. 

3 '-Bromo-4 '-methyl-2-biphenylcarboxylic acid . 
2 '-tert-Butyl-4 ',6 '-dimethylacetophenone . 
p-Nitrobenzoic acid, n-butyl ester. 



p-Sulfamoylbenzoic acid. 

5-Acetamidosalicylic acid. 

N- (5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenylazo ) -N-methylglycine . 

x -Carboxy-o-toluic acid. 
3-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonic acid. 
Cresols , chlorinated . 
2-Acetamido-3-chloro-9, 10-dihydro-9, 10-anthradiol- 

9,10-dlsulfonic acid, diethyl ester. 
2-Acetamido-3-chloroanthraquinone . 
2-Acetamido-3-chloro-9,10-dihydro-9,10-anthradiol-9, 

10-disulfonic acid, diethyl ester. 
2' -Chloroacetoacetanilide. 
N-Acetyl-2-chloroarsanilic acid [As0 3 H 2 =l]. 
4-Chloro-o-anisidine [MH 2 =l]. 
5-Chlorometanilic acid [ S0 3 H=1] . 
6-Chloro-a,a,a-trifluoro-m-toluidine [NH 2 =1] ■ 
2-Amino-A-chlorophenol . 
3-Chloro-p-toluidine [NH 2 =l]. 
6-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH 2 =1]. 
4-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH 2 =l]. 
2-Amino-6-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid. 
6-Chlorametanilic acid. 
2-Amino-5-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid. 
5-Chloro-o-anisidine [NH 2 =l]. 
4-Chloro-o-anisidine [NH 2 =l]. 
3-Chloro-2-anthroic acid. 
3-Chloro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid. 
N-Acetyl-2-chloroarsanilic acid [As0 3 H 2 =l]. 
4-Chloro-3-formylbenzenesulfonic acid. 
5-Chloro-2-formylbenzenesulfonic acid. 
l-Benzamido-5-chloroanthraquinone. 
Chloro-7H-benz [de] anthracen-7-one . 
4-Chloro- a ,a,cc-trifluorotoluene. 
(p-Chlorophenyl ) acetonitrile . 
l-Chloro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid. 
6-Chloro-m-cresol [OH=l] . 
2-Chloroquinizaxin . 

8-Chloro-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
5-Chloro-8-quinolinol . 
4.-Chloro-N-(m-methoxyphenyl)anthranilic acid [C00H=1] 



APPENDIX C 
Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



191 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



3-Chloro-4' -methoxy-6-diphenylaminecarboxylic acid 

<x-Chloro-2-methoxy-5-nitrotoluene 

[3-(5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-l-methyldiazoamino] - 
acetic acid. 

Chloromethylanthraquinone 

o-Chloro-p-nitro aniline 

p-Chloro-c-nitro aniline 

Chloro-o-nitrobenzene 

■4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzotrifluoride 

4-Chloro-2-nitro-l-phenol-6-sulfonic acid 

A-Chloro-2-nitrophenyl ether 

2-Chlorophenol 

4-Chlorophenol 

Chlorophenylhydrazine-p-sulfonic acid 

l-(m-Chlorophenyl)-3-methyl -5 -pyrazolone 

2-Chloro-o-phenyl phenol 

1- (6-Chloro-<+-sulf ophenyl )-3-methyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

l-(2-Chloro-4-su If ophenyl )-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone 

l-(6-Chloro-3-su If ophenyl )-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone 

o-Chloro-p-toluene sodium sulfonate 

A-Chlorotoluene-2-sulfonic acid 

m-Chlorotoluenethioglycolic acid 

■4-Chloro-o-toluidine [CH 3 =l] 

5-Chloro-2-toluidine [CH 3 =l] 

5-Chloro-o-toluidine [CH 3 =l] 

o-Chloro-m-toluidine-p-sulfonic acid 

2-Chloro-p-toluidine-5-sulfonic acid 

2-Chloro-5-toluidine-4-sulfonic acid 

•4-Chloro-o-tolylmercaptoacetic acid 

l-(5-Chloro-o-tolyl)-3-methyl-3-triazeneacetic acid — 

Chlorotolylthioglycolic acid 

Chloro-sym-xylenol 

Chloroxylidenesulfonic acid 

4-Chloro-2,5-xylylmercaptoacetic acid 

Chromotropic acid 

Cinnamene 

1,6-Cleve 's acid 

1,7-Cleve's acid 

Cleve's acid, mixed 

m-Cresidine 

Cresidine or p-Cresidine 

m-Cresol methyl ether 

m-Cresolsulfonic acid 

o-Cresotic acid 

Y-Cresotic acid 

o-Cresotinic acid 

Cresyldisulfide 

m-Cresyl methyl ether 

Cumaldehyde 

psi-Cumene 

psi-Cumidine 

Cuminaldehyde 

2-Cyanopyridine 

3-Cy anopyridine 

4-Cyanopyridine 

Dahl's acid 

Dehydrothio-p-toluidine 

Des oxyanisoin 

Developer Z 

3,6-Diamlnoacridine 



4—Chloro-N- (p-methoxyphenyl ) anthranilic acid . 

2- ( Chloromethyl ) -<V-nitroanisole [ CH 3 =1 ] . 

N- (5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenylazo ) -N-methylglycine . 

l-Chloro-2-methylanthraquinone . 

2-Chloro-4-nitroaniline . 

4-Chloro-2-nitroaniline. 

l-Chloro-2-nitrobenzene . 

4-Chloro-a, a,a-trifluoro-3-nitrotoluene. 

4-Chloro-6-nitro-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid. 

1- (4-Chloro-2-nitrophenoxy Jbenzene . 

o-Chlorophenol . 

p-Chlorophenol . 

4-Chloro-3-hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid. 

1- (m-Chlorophenyl ) -3-methyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one . 

2-Chloro-6-phenylphenol. 

5-Chloro-4- ( 3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl )benzene- 

sulfonic acid. 
5-Chloro-4— (3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzene- 

sulfonic acid. 
4-Chloro-3-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzene- 

sulfonic acid. 
3-Chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid, sodium salt [S03H=l] 
5-Chloro-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
(4-Chloro-o-tolylthio) acetic acid. 
5-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH 2 =l]. 
4-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH 2 =lj. 
4-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH 2 =1]. . 
2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S0 3 H=l]. 
6-Amino-4-chloro-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulf onic acid [S0 3 H=l]. 
(4-Chloro-o-tolylthio) acetic acid. 
N-(5-Chloro-o-tolyl) -N-methylglycine. 
(4-Chloro-o-tolylthio) acetic acid. 
■4-Chloro-3 , 5-xylenol . 

6-Amino-3-chloro-2,5-xylenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
(■4-Chloro-2,5-xylylthio) acetic acid. 
4,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
Styrene . 

5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
5 (and 8)-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
2-Methyl-p-anisidine [ NH 2 =l] . 
5-Methyl-o-anisidine [ NH 2 =l] . 
m-Methylanisole [CH 3 0=1 ] . 
5-Hydroxy-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
2,3-Cresotic acid. 
2,4-Cresotic acid. 
2,3-Cresotic acid. 
p-Tolyl disulfide. 
m-Methylanisole [CH 3 0=l]. 
p-Isopropylbenzaldehyde . 
1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene. 
2,4,5 -Trimethylani line . 
p-Isopropylbenzaldehyde . 
Picolinonitrile . 
Nicotinonitrile . 
Isonicotinonitrile . 



6-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

2- (p-Aminophenyl ) -6-methylbenzothiazole . 

A '-Methoxy-2- (p-methoxyphenyl ) acetophenone . 

3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one. 

Proflavine base. 



192 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



m-Diaminoanisole- 

3,3'-Diaminoazoxybenzene 

2,2 '-Diamino-5,5'-bi-m-toluenesulf onic acid- 



4,4 '-Dianiino-l,l'-dianthraquinonylamine 

4,4' -Diamlno-l,l' -dianthrimide 

Diamino-4,4 '-dibenzoyl-l,l' -dianthraquinoneimine 

Diamino-4,5'-dibenzoyl-l,l'-dianthraquinonylamine-- 

l,4-Diainino-2,3-dihydroxyanthraquinone 

3,6-Diamino-2,7-dimethylacridine hydrochloride 

4,4'-Diamino-2,2'-dimethylbiphenyl 

4,4'-Diamino-2,2'-dimethyldiphenylmethane 

4,4'-Diaminodiphenyl 

4,4'-Diaminodiphenylamine-2-sulfonic acid 

p,p'-Diaminodiphenylmethane 

p,p -Diaminodiphenylsulf ide 

3,3 -Diaminodiphenyl urea 

Di(p-aminophenyl) sulfide 

l,3-Di(m-aminophenyl)urea 

2, 6-Diaminotoluene-4- sulfonic acid 

Diamylphenol 

l,5-Dianilinoanthraquinone-o,o'-dicarboxylic acid 

o-Dianisidine 

1, 2-Di -p-anisyl-1, 2-ethanediol 

2,4-Di(p-anisyl)-3-ethylhexane 

2,4-Di(p-anisyl)-3-ethylhexene 

a,(3-Dianisylglycol 

3,4-Di(p-anisyl)hexane 

1,1 '-Dianthraquinoneimine 

l,l'-Dianthraquinonylamine 

Dianthrimide 

Diazoaminobenzene 

Diazobenzene chloride 

4, 5 '-Dibenzamido-1, l'-aminodianthraqu inone 

5,5'-Dibenzamido-l,l'-iminodianthraquinone- 

Dibenzanthrone : 

2,2'-Dibenzanthronyl 

13,13-Dibenzanthronyl 

Dibenzopyran 

Dibenzopyrrole 

Dibenzoyl 

4,5-Dibenzoylamidodianthraquinonylamine 

4,4 '-Dibenzoyldiamino-l,l' -dianthrimide 

Dibenzyl 

Dibenzylaniline 

Dibenzyl disulphide 

Dibenzyl ether 

Dibenzyl sodium sulfanilate 

Dibromoaminoanthraquinone 

7,16-Dibrcmo-6,15-dihydro-5,9,14,18-anthrazinetetrone 

p-Dibromodihydroxynaphthalene 

2,6-Dibromo-l,5-dihydroxynaphthalene 

4,5-Dibromo-l,8-dihydroxynaphthalene 

1,4-Dichloro aniline 

2,5-Dichloroaniline-4-sulfonic acid 

l,5-Dichloro-4,8-anthraquinonedisulfonic acid 

l,8-Dichloro-4,5-anthraquinonedisulfonic acid 

2,6-Dichlorobenzalchloride 

o,o'-Dichlorobenzidine 

3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine base 

m,m'-Dichlorobenzidine hydrochloride 

2,4-Dichlorobenzyl chloride 

2,4-Dichlorobenzylidene chloride 

2,6-Dichlorobenzylidene chloride 

2,5-Dichlorophenylhydrazinesulfonic acid 

l-(2,5-Dichlorophenyl)-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid 



5 -Methoxy-m-phenylenedi amine . 
3,3'-Azoxydianiline. t 
2,2'-Diamino-5,5'-dimethyl-3,3 -biphenyldisulfonic 

acid. 
1, l' -Iminobis[4-aminoanthraquinone ] . 
l,l' -Iminobis[A-aminoanthraquinone] . 
l,l'-Iminobis[4-benzamidoanthraquinone]. 
4,5' -Dibenzamido-1, 1 -iminodianthraquinone. 
1,4-Diaminohystazarin. 
Acridine yellow. 
m-Tolidine. 

4,4' -Methylenedi (m-toluidine ) . 
Benzidine. 

5-Amino-2-(p-aminoanilino)benzenesulfonic acid. 
4,4'-Methylenedianiline. 
4 , 4 '-Thiodi ani line . 

3.3 -Diaminocarbanilide. 

4.4 -Thiodianiline. 

3,3 -Diaminocarbanilide. 
3,5-Diamino-p-toluenesulfonic acid. 
2,4-Dipentylphenol. 

l,5-Dianilino-2,6-anthraquinonedicarboxylic acid. 
3, 3 '-Dimethoxybenzidine . 
1 , 2-Di (p-methoxyphenyl ) - 1 , 2-ethanediol . 
2 , 4-Di (p-methoxyphenyl ) -3-ethylhexane . 
2, 4-Di (p-methoxyphenyl) -3-ethylhexene. 
1, 2-Di (p-methoxyphenyl ) -1, 2-ethanediol . 
3, 4-Di (p-methoxyphenyl )hexane . 
1 , 1 ' - Iminod i anthr aqu inone . 
l,l'- Iminodianthraquinone . 
1, l'-Iminodianthraquinone. 
1, 3-Diphenyltriazene . 
Benzenediazonium chloride. 
4 , 5 ' -Dibenzamido-1, 1 '-iminodianthraquinone . 
l,l'-Iminobis[5-benzamidoanthraquinone] . 
Violanthrone . f 

(4,4' -Bi-7H-benz [de] anthracen ) -7 , 7, -dione . 
(3,3'-Bi-7H-benz[de] anthracen) -7, 7 -dione. 
Xanthene, 
Carbazole. 
Benzil. 

4, 5' -Dibenzamido-1, l' -iminodianthraquinone. 
l,l'-Iminobis [4-benzamidoanthraquinone] . 
Bibenzyl. 

N-Phenyldibenzylamine . 
Benzyl disulfide. 
Benzyl ether. 

N,N-Dibenzylsulf ani lie acid, sodium salt. 
l-Amino-2,4-dibromoanthraqu inone. 
7 , 16-Dibramoindanthrene . 
4,5-Dibromo-l,8-naphthalenediol. 
2,6-Dibromo-l,5-naphthalenediol. 
4 , 5-Dibromo-l, 8-naphthalenediol . 
2,5-Dichloroaniline. 
2,5-Dichlorosulfanilic acid [S03=l]. 
4,8-Dichloro-l,5-anthraquinonedisulfonic acid. 
4,5-Dichloro-l,8-anthraquinonedisulfonic acid. 
a,a,2,6-Tetrachlorotoluene. 
3,3' -Dichlorobenzidine . 
3,3' -Dichlorobenzidine . 
2,2'-Dichlorobenzidine hydrochloride. 
cc,2,4-Trichlorotoluene. 
a,a,2,4-Tetrachlorotoluene. 
a, a, 2 , 6-Tet r achlorotoluene . 

2,5-Dichloro-4-hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid. 
1- (2, 5-Dichlorophenyl) -5-0X0-2 -pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 
acid. 



APPENDIX C 



193 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



2,5-Dichloro-4-sulfobenzenediazohydroxide 

l-(2,5-Dichloro-4-sulfophenyl)-3-methyl-5-pyTazolone- 

2,4-Dichloro-5-(p-toluenesulfonamido)-l-naphthol 

Dicresyldisulfide 

Dicyclohexyl 

Diethanolaniline 

Diethanol-m-toluidine 

1,4-Diethoxybenzene 

N-(2,5-Diethoxy-4-nitrophenyl)benzamide 

N-(2,5-Diethoxyphenol)benzamide 

Diethylaniline-m-sulfonic acid 

Diformyl-m-tolylenediamine 

1,2-Dihydroacenaphthylene 

9,10-Dihydroacridine 

l,4-Dihydro-4-oxo-2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid 

l,3-D£hydroxyanthraquinone 

1,4-Dihydroxyanthraquinone 

1,5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone 

1,8-Dihydroxyanthraquinone 

2,6-Dihydroxyanthraquinone 

2 , 4-Dihydroxybenzoic acid 

Dihydroxybiphenyl 

2,3-Dihydroxy-l,4-diaminoanthraquinone 

Dihydroxydibenzanthrone 

5,5 '-Dihydroxydi-2-naphthylamine-7,7 '-disulfonic acid 

l,5-Dihydroxy-4,8-dinitroanthraquinone 

p , p '-Dihydroxydiphenyldimethylmethane 

4,4 '-Dihydroxydiphenylsulf one 

5,5-Dihydroxy-7,7'-disulfonic-2,2'-dinaphthylamine--- 

Dihydroxyethylanillne 

N,N-Di(|3-hydroxyethyl) aniline 

Dihydroxyethy 1-3 -t oluidine 

N,N-Di(P-hydroxyethyl)-m-toluidine 

3',4'-Dihydroxy-2-methylaminoacetophenone 

1,5-Dihydroxynaphthalene 

2,3-Dihydroxynaphthalene 

l,8-Dihydroxynaphthalene-3,6-disulfonic acid 

l,8-Dihydroxynaphthalene-4-sulfonic acid 

2,3-Dihydroxynaphthalene-6-sulfonic acid 

8-Di-p-hydroxyphenylpropane 

7 , 3-Ditetoacenaphthene 

2,3-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde 

3,4-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde 

o-Dimethoxybenzene 

1,2-Dimethoxybenzene 

3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine-4,4'-diisocyanate 

4, 4' -Dimethoxybenzoin 

p,p'-Dimethoxybenzoylphenylcarbinol 

3,4-Dimethoxybenzyl alcohol 

3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,4'-biphenylbis [3-methyl-3- 

triazeneethanesulfonic acid] . 
N,N'-(3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,4'-biphenylenebisazo)bis(N- 

methyltaurine) . 
2,2'-[3,3'-(3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,4'-biphenylene)bis(l- 

methyldiazoamino)] di(ethanesulfonic acid) . 
1,1' -(3, 3 '-Dimethoxy-4,4'-biphenylene)bis(3-methyl-3- 

(sulfoethyl)triazene) . 

Di-p-methoxyethylchalcone 

4,4'-Dimethoxy-a-hydroxy-a-phenylacetone 

N-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-nitrophenyl)benzamide 

N-(2,5-Dimethoxyphenyl)benzamide 

Dimethylacetanilide 

Dimethylaminoacetylcatechol 

4-Dimethylamino-2,3-dimethyl-l-phenyl-3-pyrazolin-5- 

one. 



2,6-Dichloro-4-hydroxydiazobenzenesulfonic acid. 
2,5-Dichloro-4-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl) 

benzenesulfonic acid. 
N- (6, 8-Dichloro-5 -hydroxy- 1-naphthyl) -p-toluene- 

sulf onamide [ S0 2 NH2=1] . 
p-Tolyl disulfide. 
Bicyclohexyl. 

2,2 '- ( Phenyll mi no )diethanol . 
2,2 -(m-Tolylimino)diethanol. 
p-Diethoxybenzene . 
2 ,5 -Diethoxy-4 -nitrobenzanilide. 
2 ,5 -Diethoxybenzanilide . 
N N-Diethyimetanilic acid [S0 3 H=l]. 
N S ,N 5 -Diformyltoluene-2,5-diamine [CH 3 =1] . 
Acenaphthene. 
Acridan. 

Chelidamic acid. 
Xanthopurpurin . 
Quinizarin. 
Anthraruf in . 
Chrysazin. 
Anthraflavic acid. 
P-Resorcylic acid. 
Biphenol. 

1,4-Diaminohystazarin. 
16 , 17-Dihydroxyviolanthrone . 
6,6 -Iminobis[l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid]. 
4, 8-Dinitro anthraruf in. 
4,4^-Isopropylidenediphenol. 
4,4,-Sulfonyldiphenol. 
6,6 - Tmi nobis [ l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid ] . 

2.2 -(Phenylimino)diethanol. 
2,2' -(Phenylimino)diethanol. 
2,2 / -(m-Tolylimino)diethanol. 
2,2'- (m-Tolylimino ) diethanol . 
Adrenalone. 

1,5-Naphthalenediol. 

2,3-Naphthalenediol. 

4,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulTonic acid. 

4,5-Dihydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

6,7-Dihydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

4,4' -Isop ropy lidinediphenol. 

Acenaphthenequinone . 

o-Veratraldehyde . 

Veratraldehyde . 

Ve rat role . 

Veratrole . 

Isocyanic acid, 3,3'-dimethoxy-4,4'-biphenylene 

ester. 
p-Anisoin. 
p-Anisoin. 
Veratryl alcohol. 

3.3 '-Dimethoxy-4,4'-bis[3-methyl-3-sulfoethyltriazen- 
l-yl]biphenyl. 

3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,4'-bis[3-methyl-3-sulfoethyltriazen- 

1-yl] biphenyl . 
3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,4'-bis[3-methyl-3-sulfoethyltriazen- 

1-yl] biphenyl. 
3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,4'-bis[ 3-methyl-3-sulfoethyltriazen- 

1-yl] biphenyl. 
a-Ethyl-4 ,4' -dimethoxychalcone . 
p-Anisoin. 

2 ',5' -Dimethoxy-4 '-nitrobenzanilide. 
2', 5 '-Dimethoxybenzanilide. 
Acetoxylidide. 

3 ',4 '-Dihydroxy-2-dimethylaminoacetophenone. 
Aminopyrine . 



194 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1059 
Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



N,N-Dimethyl-3-aminophenol 

Dimethylaniline 

Dimethylbenzene 

2 ', 4- Dimethylbenzenesulf onani lide 

2,2'-Dimethylbenzidine 

3,3'-Dimethylbenzidine 

2,4-Dimethyl-6-tert-butylacetophenone 

l,3-Dimethyl-5-tert-butylbenzene 

2,7-Dimethylceroxanol 

Dime thy ldianthraquinonyl 

2,2 '-Dimethyl-l,l-dianthraquinonylamine 

Dimethylhydroresorcinol 

3,3 '-Dimethyl-4,4 '-methylenediphenyl isocyanate 

Dimethyl-a-naphthylamine 

2,3-Dimethyl-5-oxo-l-phenyl-3-pyrazoline-4-carboxylic 
acid. 

2,3-Dimethyl-l-phenyl-3-pyrazolin-5-one 

2,7-Dimethylquinoline 

Dinaphtho[l,2,3-cd,l',2',3'-lm]perylene-9,18-dione 

Dinaphtho[l,2,3-cd,3',2',l'-lm]perylene-5,10-dione--- 

1,4-Dinitrobenzene 

2,4-Dinitrobenzene 

Dinit rochlorobenzene 

Dinitrochlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

3 , 5-Dinitro-4- chlorobenzoic acid 

2,6-Dinitro-4-chlorophenol 

Dinitro-o-cyclohexylphenol 

4,4'-Dinitro-l,l '-dianthraquinonylamine 

Dinitrodibenzanthronyl 

Dinit rohydroxydiphenylamine 

Dinit rotet ramethy ldi aminodiphenylme thane 

2,4-Dinitrotoluenesulfonic acid 

1,2-Dioxoacenaphthene 

Dioxy S acid 

Diphenol 

Diphenyl 

2, 4-Diphenylamine-l-hydroxy anthraquinone 

2, 4-Diphenylamino-l-oxy anthraquinone 

Diphenylcarbazide 

Diphenylene imine 

Dipheny lene oxide 

Diphenyl epsilon acid 

Diphenyl ether 

Diphenyl ketone a 

Dipheny lmethanol 

Diphenyl oxide 

l,3-Diphenyl-2-propen-l-one 

Diphenyl silicon dichloride 

1,3-Diphenylurea 

N,N-Diphenylurea 

sym-Dipheny lure a 

Dipyrazoledianthrone 

1,3-Di-p-toluidineanthraquinone 

1,4-Di-p-toluidineanthraquinone 

l,3-Di(p-tolylamino)anthraquinone 

1,4-Di-p-tolylaminoanthraquinone 

S-Dixenylthiourea 

Durene 

N-Ethanol-N-ethyl— 4-nitrosoaniline 

2-Ethano lpyridine 

2-Ethoxy aniline 

4-Ethoxyani line 

2-Ethoxy-6-sulfonaphthalene 

Ethyl-p-aminobenzoate 



m- ( Dimethylamino ) phenol . 

Xylidine. 

Xylene . 

p-Toluenesulf ono-o-toluidide . 

m-Tolidine. 

o-Tolidine. 

2 '-tert-Butyl-4 ,6'-dimethylacetophenone. 

5-tert-Butyl-m- xylene . 

2, 8-Dimethyl-13b-hydroxy-9 ( 13b ) -ceroxenone . 

2,2'-Dimethyl-l,l -bianthraquinone. 

l,l'-Iminobis [2-methylanthraquinone] . 

Dimethyl-l,3-cyclohexanedione . 

Isocyanic acid, 2,2 '-dimethyl-4,4' -metnylenedi- 

phenylene ester. 
N,N-Dimethyl-l-naphthylamine. 
Antipyric acid. 

Antipyrine. 

m-Toluquinaldine . 

Isoviolanthrone . 

Violanthrone . 

p-Dinitrobenzene. 

m-Dinitrobenzene . 

l-Chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene . 

4- Chloro-3,5-dinitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 

4-Chloro-3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid [C00H=l]. 

4-Chloro-2,6-dinitrophenol [0H=1]. 

2-Cyclohexyl-4,6-dinitrophenol [ OH=l] . 

1,1 '-Iminobis [4-nit roanthraquinone ] . 

Dinitro(3,3 '-bi-7H-benz[de] anthracene) -7,7 -dione. 

p-(2,4-Dinitroanilino)phenol. 

4,4'-Methylenebis [N,N-dimethyl-2-nitroaniline] . 

3,5-Dinitro-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S0 3 H=l]. 

Acenaphthenequinone . 

4,5-Dihydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Biphenol. 

Biphenyl . 

2,4-Dianilino-l-hydroxyanthraquinone. 

2,4-Dianilino-l-hydroxyanthraquinone . 

1,5-Diphenylcarbohydrazide . 

Carbazole. 

Dibenzofuran. 

8-Diphenylamino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

Phenyl ether. 

Benzophenone . 

Benzhydrol. 

Phenyl ether. 

Chalcone. 

Dichlorophenylsilane . 

Carbanilide. 

Carbanilide. 

Carbanilide. 

[3,3'-Bianthra[l,9]pyrazole]-6,6'(2H,2'H)-dione. 

1 , 3-Di (p-toluidino ) anthraquinone . 

1 , 4-Di (p-toluidino ) anthraquinone . 

1 , 3-Di (p-toluidino ) anthraquinone . 

1, 4-Di (p-toluidino) anthraquinone. 

4,4' -Dipheny lthioc arbani lide . 

1,2,4,5-Tet ramethy lbenzene . 



2- ( N-Ethyl-4-ni trosoani lino ) ethanol . 
2-Pyridineethanol . 
o-Phenetidine [ NH 2 =1 1 • 
p-Phenetidine [ NH 2 =1 1 • 
6-Ethoxy-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 
p-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester. 



APPENDIX C 



195 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names- -Continued 



Common name 



Ethyl-o-amino-p-cresol 

Ethylaniline (mono) 

N,N-Ethylbenzylaniline 

Ethylbenzylanilinesulfonic acid 

Ethylbenzyl-m-toluidine 

Ethylbenzyl-m-toluidino-o-sulfonic acid 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



Ethyleneglycol monophenylether 

Ethyl hydrol 

N-Ethyl-N-(P-hydroxyethyl) aniline 

Ethyl ketone base 

2-[l-Ethyl-3-(2-methoxy-5-nitrophenyl)diazoamino] -5- 
sulfobenzoic acid. 

5-Ethyl-2-methylpyridine- 

p-Ethylnitrobenzene 

Ethyl -p-nitrobenzoate 

Ethyl-p-nitrobenzoylacetate 

Ethyl phenyl ether 

Ethylsulfobenzylaniline 

N-Ethyl-o-toluidine-p-sulfonic acid 



Fast red TR base 

p-Formylaniline 

p-Formyl-N,N-diethylaniline 

4-Formyl-3-pyrazolin-5-one 



G acid 

Gamma acid 

Gamma disulfo acid 

Glycerolmonoethylaniline- 



H acid 

Halocrin 

Hexahydrobenzoic acid 

Hexahydropyridine 

Homophthalic acid 

a-m-Homosalicylic acid 

p-Homosalicylic acid 

Homoveratric acid 

o-Homover at ri c acid 

Homoveratronitrile 

Homoveratrylamine 

1, 2-1, 2-Hydrazinedibromoanthraquinone- 

Hydrol -- 

Hydroquinone dimethyl ether 

l-Hydroxy-4- aminoanthraquinone 

7-Hydroxycoumarin 

4-Hydroxydiphenol 

P-Hydroxyethyl-o-chloroaniline 

Hydroxyethylethylaniline 

Hyd roxye thy lmethylani line 

N-(|3-Hydroxyethyl)-N-methylaniline 

Hydroxyethyl-3-toluidine 

2-Hydroxymetanilic acid 

4-Hydroxymetanilic acid 

2-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde 

2-Hydroxy-3-methylbenzoic acid 

2-Hydroxy-4-methylbenzoic acid 

2-Hydroxy-5-methylbenzoic acid 

7-Hydroxy-4-methylcoumarin 

2-Hydroxy-5-nitrometanilic acid 

4-Hydroxy-5-nitrometanilic acid 

2-Hydroxyphenetole 

p-Hydroxyphenylarsonic acid 



3-Ethylamino-p-cresol [OH=l]. 

N-Ethylaniline . 

N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamine . 

a- ( N-Ethylanilino )-p-toluenesulf onic acid [S0 3 H=1] 

N-Benzyl-N-ethyl-m-toluidine [ NH 2 =l]. 

4- ( N-Benzyl-N-ethylamino ) -o-toluenesulf onic acid 

[ SO3H =1] . 
2-Phenoxyethanol . 
4,4'-Bis[diethylamino]benzhydrol. 
2- ( N-Ethylanilino ) ethanol . 
4,4 -Bis[diethylamino]benzophenone. 
2-[l-Ethyl-3-(2-methoxy-5-nitrophenyl)triazen-3- 

yl]-5-sulfobenzoic acid. 
5-Ethyl-2-picoline . 
l-Ethyl-4-nitrobenzene . 
p-Nitrobenzoic acid, ethyl ester. 
p-Nitrobenzoylacetic acid, ethyl ester. 
Phenetole . 

a- ( N-Ethylanilino )-p-toluenesulf onic acid [SC>3H=lJ 
3-Ethylamino-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S0 3 H=l]. 



4-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH 2 =l]. 

p-Aminobenzaldehyde . 

p- (Diethylamino )benzaldehyde . 

5-0xo-3-pyrazoline-4-carboxaldehyde. 



2-Naphthol-6,8-disulfonic acid. 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
3- (N-Ethylanilino) -1,2-propanediol. 



8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 

6,9-Dichloro-2-methoxyacridine. 

Cyclohexanecarboxylic acid. 

Piperidine.. 

a-Carboxy-o-toluic acid. 

2,4-Cresotic acid [COOH=l]. 

2,5-Cresotic acid [C0OH=l] . 

(3,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)acetic acid. 

(2,3-Dimethoxyphenyl)acetic acid. 

( 3 , 4-Dimethoxyphenyl ) acetonit rile . 

3 , 4-Dimethoxyphenethylamine . 

7 , 16-Dibromoindanthrene . 

4,4'-Bis(dimethylamino)benzhydrol. 

p-Dimethoxybenzene . 

l-Amino-4-hydroxyanthraquinone . 

Umbellif erone . 

p-Phenylphenol . 

2- ( o-Chloroanilino ) ethanol . 

2- ( N-Ethylanilino ) ethanol . 

2- ( N-Methylanilino ) ethanol . 

2- ( N-Methylani lino ) ethanol . 

2- (m-Toluidino) ethanol. 

6-Amlno-l-phenol-2-sulfonlc acid. 

2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulfonic acid. 

o-Vanillin. 

2,3-Cresotic acid I C00H=l] • 

2,4-Cresotic acid [ C00H=ll . 

2,5-Cresotic acid [ C00H=1] . 

4-Methylumbellif erone . 

6-Amino-4-nitro-l-phenol-2-sulf onic acid . 

2-Amino-6-nitro-l-phenol-4-suLfonic acid. 

o-Ethoxyphenol . 

p-Hydroxybenzenearsonic acid [As03H 2 =lj. 



196 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 
Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



p-Hydroxyphenyl-n-butylamine 

3-(p-Hydroxyphenyl)hydratropic acid 

N-(p-Hydroxyphenyl)-2-naphthylamine 

|3-(p-Hydroxyphenyl)-<x-phenylpropionie acid 

3-(p-Hydroxyphenyl)-2-phenylpropionic acid 

4-Hydroxypyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid 

8-Hydroxyquinoline 

m-Hydroxytoluene 

o-Hydroxytoluene 

p-Hydroxytoluene 

6-Hydroxy-m-toluidine [ NH 2 =l] 

2-Hydroxy-p-toluic acid 

I acid 

I acid imide 

2,2 '-(l,3-Indandione)quinoline 

Isobutyl p-nitrobenzoate 

Isodibenzanthrone 

p-Isopropylaniline 

Isopropylbenzene 

Isopropyl p-toluenesulfonate 

J acid 

J acid imide 

J acid urea 

K acid 

Koch's acid 

Laie red C amine 

Laurent 's acid 

Lead styphnate 

Lead t rinit roresorc inate 

Leuco- 1 , 4- di ( me thy lamino ) anthraquinone 

Methandrone 

Methane base 

Methane salt 

o-Methoxyacetanilide 

p-Methoxyacetanilide 

4-Methoxy— 4 -aminodiphenylamine 

2-Methoxy-4-aminodiphenylamine-2 -sulfonic acid 

Methoxy aniline 

o-Methoxyanilinomethanesulfonic acid 

2-(o-Methoxyanilino) -5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

o-Methoxyanilino-p-sulfonic acid 

Methoxybenzene 

p-Methoxybenzoic acid 

•i-Methoxy-3 -chloro-6 -carboxydiphenylamine 

2-Methoxy-6,9-dichloroacridine 

4'-Methoxy-4-nitrodiphenylamine-2'-sulfonic acid 

2-[ 3- (2-Methoxy-4-nitrophenyl)- 1-methy It riazeno] -5- 
sulfobenzoic acid. 

4-Methoxy-m-toluidine [CH 3 =1 ] 

6-Methoxy-m-toluidine [NH 2 =1 ] 

l3-(6-Methoxy-m-tolyl)-l-methyltriazeno]acetic acid 

4-Methyl-4-aminodiphenylamine-2-sulfonic acid 

Methylaminosulfobenzoic acid 

o-Me thy lani line 

Methylaniline (mono) 



p-Butylaminophenol . 
oc-phenylphloretic acid. 
p-2-Naphthylaminophenol. 
a-Phenylphloretic acid, 
a -Phenylphloretic acid . 
Chelidamic acid. 
8-Quinolinol. 
m-Cresol [OH=l]. 
o-Cresol [oH=l] • 
p-Cresol [oh=1] . 
2-Amino-p-cresol [0H=1]. 
2,4-Cresotic acid [COOH=l] 



6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 

6,6 '-Iminobis [l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid]. 

Quinophthalone . 

p-Nitrobenzoic acid, isobutyl ester. 

Isoviolanthrone . 

Cumidine. 

Cumene. 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, isopropyl ester [ S0 3 H=l] . 



6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 

6,6 '-Iminobis [l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid] . 

6,6 '-Ureylenebis[l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid]. 



8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,5-disulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisuLfonic acid. 



2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [ S0 3 H=1] , 

5-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Styphnic acid, lead salt. 

Styphnic acid, lead salt. 

1 , A-Dimethylamino-9 , 10- anthr adiol . 



3 ',4 '-Dihydroxy-2- ( dimethylamino ) acetophenone . 

4,4 '-Methylenebis[N,N-dimethylaniline] . 

<+,4'-Methylenebis [3-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid ] . 

o-Acetanisidide . 

p-Acetanisidide. 

N- (p-Methoxyphenyl ) -p-phenylenediamine . 

o-(4-Amino-2-anisidino)benzenesulfonic acid [S0 3 H=l]. 

Anisidine [NH2=l]. 

o-Anisidinomethanesulfonic acid. 

2- (o-Anisidino) -5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 

4-Methoxymetanilic acid [S0 3 H=l]. 

Anisole. 

Anisic acid [C00H=l]. 

■4-Chloro-N-(p-methoxyphenyl)anthranilic acid 

[C00H=l]. 
6 , 9-Dichloro-2-methoxyacridine . 

2-(p-Anisidino)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S0 3 H=1]. 
2- [3- ( 2-Methoxy-A-nitrophenyl ) - 1-methy It ri azen-3-yl ] - 

5-sulfobenzoic acid. 
5-Methyl-o-anisidine [ NH 2 =l]. 
5-Methyl-o-anisidine [NH 2 =lj. 
[3- (6-Methoxy-m-tolyl)- 1-methy It riazen-3-yl] acetic 

acid. 
5- Ami no-2-(p-toluidino) benzene sulfonic acid. 
N-Methyl-5-sulfoanthranilic acid. 
o-Toluidine [ NH 2 =l]. 
N-Methylaniline . 



APPENDIX C 



197 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



2-Methylbenzanthrone 

Methylbenzoic acid 

Methylenebis(toluenediamine) 

4,4'-Methylenebis[o-tolylisocyanate] 

Methylenedi-p-phenyleneisocyanate 

4,4-'-Methylenediphenylisocyanate 

Methylenedi-o-tolylene isocyanate 

2-Methyl-5-ethylpyridine (MEP) 

<+-Methyl-7-hydroxycoumarin 

Methyl-p-hydroxy-m-nit robenzoate 

1-Methy 1-4-hydroxyquinolone 

3-Methyl-A- ( 3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl )benzene- 

sulfonic acid. 
3-Methyl-l-(2-methyl-4-sulfophenyl)-5-pyrazolone 

N-(5-Methyl-4-nitro-o-anisyl)-p-toluenesulfonamide-- 

2-Methyl-5-nitrodiphenylamine 

3-Methyl-l-(m-nitrophenyl)-5-pyrazolone 

m-Methylphenol 

o-Methylphenol 

p-Methylphenol 

•4-Methyl-m-phenylenedi isocyanate 

3-Methyl-l-phenyl-5-pyrazolone 

Methylphenylpyrazolone-3-sulfonic acid 

Methylphenylpyrazolone-4-sulfonic acid 

2-Methylpiperidine 

<+-(3-Methyl-5-pyrazolone)-m-toluenesulfonic acid 

Methylpyridine 

2-Methylquinoline 

3-Methyl-l-(m-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

3-Methyl-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

Methylsulfophenylpyrazolone, mixed 

3-Methyl-l-(p-sulfophenyl) -5 -pyrazolone 

Methyl-p-toluenesulfonate 

(3-Me thy lumbe Hi f e rone 

2-Methyl-5-vinylpyridine (MVP) 

Michler's hydrol 

Michler's ketone 

Monobromobenzene 

Monochlorobenzene 

Naphthalene sodium sulfonates 

Naphthalene-P-thioglycolic acid 

2(lH)-peri-Naphthazolone 

o-Naphthionic acid 

a-Naphthol 

P-Naphthol 

l-Naphthol-8-chloro-3,6-disulfonic acid 

2-Naphthol ethyl ether 

Naphthosulfochloride 

1,8-Naphthosultone 

Naphthylacetonitrile 

oc-Naphthylamine 

P-Naphthylamine 

l-Naphthylamine-3,6-disulfonic acid 



2-Methyl-7H-benz [de] anthracen-7-one. 
p-Toluic acid [COOH=l]. 
5,5 -Methylenebis [toluene-2,4-diamine]. 
Isocyanic acid, 3,3'-dimethyl-4,4'-methylenedi- 

phenylene ester. 
Isocyanic acid, methylenedi-p-phenylene ester. 
Isocyanic acid, methylenedi-p-phenylene ester. 
Isocyanic acid, 3,3 '-dimethyl -A, 4' -me thylenedi- 

phenylene ester. 
5-Ethyl-2-picoline. 
<+-Methylumbellif erone . 

p-Hydroxy-m-nitrobenzoic acid, methyl ester. 
l-Methyl-4 ( 1H ) -quinolone . 
4--(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)-m-toluene- 

sulfonic acid [S0 3 H=l]. 
4-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)-m-toluene- 

sulfonic acid. 
N- ( 5-Methyl-A-nitro-o-methoxyphenyl ) -p-toluene- 

sulf cnamide . 
5-Nitro-N-phenyl-o-toluidine [ NH 2 =l] . 
3-Methyl-l- (m-nitrophenyl ) -2-pyrazolin-5-one . 
m-Cresol [ OH=l] . 
o-Cresol [0H=1]. 
p-Cresol [0H=1]. 

Isocyanic acid, A-methyl-m-phenylene ester. 
3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one. 
m-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 

acid. 
p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 

acid. 
2-Pipecoline . 
4- ( 3-Methyl-5 -oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl ) -m-toluenesulf onic 

acid. 
Picoline. 
Quinaldine. 
m-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 

acid. 
p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 

acid. 
m(and p)-(3-Methyl-5-oxO'2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzene- 

sulfonic acid. 
p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 

acid. 
p-Toluenesulfonic acid, methyl ester [SC>3H=l]. 
4-Methylumbellif e.rone . 
5-Vinyl-2-picoline . 
4 , A ' -Bis [ dimethylamino] benzhydrol . 
A, A' -Bis [dimethylamino] benzophenone . 
Bromobenzene . 
Chlorobenzene (mono). 



Naphthalenesulfonic acids, sodium salt (mixed). 

(2-Naphthylthio)acetic acid. 

Naphthostyril. 

l-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

1-Naphthol. 

2-Naphthol. 

8-Chloro-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 

2-Ethoxynaphthalene . 

1-Naphthalenesulf onyl chloride . 

l-Naphthol-8-sulfonic acid sultone. 

Naphthaleneacetonitrile . 

1 - N aphthy lamine . 

2-Naphthylamine . 

5-Amino-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 



198 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1950 
Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



l-Naphthylamlne-3,8-disulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-4-,7-disulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-4,8-disulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-l,5-disulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-3,6-disulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-4,8-disulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-5,7-disulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-6,8-disulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-2-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-3-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-4— sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-5-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-6-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-6(and 7)-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-7-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-8-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-l-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-5-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylam±ne-6-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-8-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-3,6,8-trisulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-3,6,8-trisulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamino-2-carboxylic acid anthraquinone- 

1-Naphthylisoeyanate 

a-Naphthyl isocyanate 

2-Naphthylmercaptoacetic acid 

Naphthylmethanesulfonic acid 

(3-Naphthylthioglycolic acid 

Nevile & Winther's acid 

3-Nitro-4--aminoanisole [ CH 3 0=1] 

4-Nitro-2-am±noanisole [ CH 3 0=1] 

5-Nitro-2-aminoanisole [ CH 3 0=1] 

6-Nitro-2-aminoanisole [ CH 3 0=1] 

o-Nitro-p-aminophenol 

p-Nitro-o-aminophenol 

5-Nitro-o-aminophenol 

4--Nitro-2-aminophenol-6-sulfonic acid 

6-Nitro-2-aminophenol-4-sulfonic acid 

4-Nitro-4'-amino-2-suLfodiphenylamine 

5-Nitro-2-aminotoluene [CH 3 =l] 

p-Nitroaniline-o-sulfonic acid 

m-Nitro-p-anisidine [CH 3 0=l] 

3-Nitro-p-anisidine [ CH 3 0=1] 

A-Nitro-2-anisidine [ CH 3 0=1] 

5-Nitro-2-anisidine [ CH 3 0=1] 

2-Nitroanisole-4-sulfodiethylaraide 

l-Nitroanthraquinone-2-carboxylic acid 

Nitrobenzene-2,5-disulfonic acid 

l-Nitrobenzene-4-sulfonic acid 

2-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

3-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

3-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

m-Nitrobenzoyl J acid < 

p-Nitrobenzoyl J acid 

m-Nit rochlorobenzene 

o-Nitrochlorobenzene 

p-Nit rochlorobenzene 

2-Nitro-l-chlorobenzene-4-sulfobutylamide 

2-Nitro-l-ehlorobenzene-"4-sulfodiethylamide 

o-Nitrochlorobenzene-p-sulfonic acid 

p-Nitrochlorobenzene-o-sulfonic acid 

3-Nitro-4-chlorobenzoylbenzoic acid 

4-Nitro-6-chloro-l,3-dimethoxybenzene 

2-Nitro-4— chlorophenol — . 

2-Nitro-4-chlorophenol-6-sulfonic acid 

m-Nitro-p-chlorotoluene 

o-Nitro-p-chlorotoluene 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



8-Atnino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
4-Amino-l,6-naphthalenedisuli'onic acid. 
4- Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulf onic acid. 
2-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
3-Amino-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
3-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
6-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
7-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisuLfonic acid. 
l-.Amino-2-napthalenesulfonic acid. 
■i-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
Naphthionic acid. 

5-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
5 (and 8)-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
6-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
7-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid. 
7-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisuLfonic acid. 
1- ( 1-Naphthylamino )-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid . 
Isocyanic acid, 1-naphthyl ester. 
Isocyanic acid, 1-naphthyl ester. 
(2-Naphthylthio)aeetic acid. 
1-Naphthalenemethanesulfonic acid. 
(2-Naphthylthio)acetic acid. 
l-Naphthol-<i-sulfonic acid. 
2-Nitro-p-anisidine [NH2 = 1J. 
5^Nitro-o-anisidine [NH2 = l]. 
4-Nitro-o-anisidine [NH 2 = l]. 
3-Nitro-o-anisidine [NH2=l]. 
A-Amino-2-nitrophenol . 
2-Amino-<i-nitrophenol. 
2-Amino-5-nitrophenol. 

6-Amino-4-nitro-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid. 
2-Amino-6-nitro-l-phenol-4-sulfonic acid. 
2-(p-Aminoanilino)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 
4-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH2=l]. 
2-Amino-5-nitrobenzenesuLfonic acid. 
2-Nitro-p-anisidine [NH 2 =1]. 
2-Nitro-p-anisidine [ NH2=1] • 
5-Nitro-o-anisidine [ NH 2 =1] • 
4-Nitro-o-anisidine [ NH 2 =l] . 

N , N-Diethyl-3-nitro-p-methoxybenzenesulfonamide . 
l-Nitro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid. 
2-Nitro-p-benzenedisulf onic acid. 
p-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S0 3 H=1]. 
o-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S0 3 H=l]. 
m- Nit robenzenesulf onic acid [S0 3 H=l]. 
m-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride [ S0 3 Cl=l] . 
6-(m-Nitrobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
6- (p-Nitrobenzamido ) -l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid . 
l-Chloro-3-nitrobenzene . 
l-Chloro-2-nitrobenzene . 
l-Chloro-4-nitrobenzene . 

N-Butyl-4-chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonaiid.de. 
4-Chloro-N,N-diethyl-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide. 
A-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulf onic acid . 
2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid, 
o- (4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzoyl )benzoic acid. 
6-Chloro-l,3-dimethoxy-4-nitrobenzene. 
4-Chloro-2-nitrophenol. 

4-Chloro-6-nitro-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid. 
A-Chloro-3-nitrotoluene . 
A-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene . 



APPENDIX C 
Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



199 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



p-Nitro-o-chlorotoluene 

2-Nitro-4-chlorotoluene 

m-Nitro-p-cresol [CH 3 =l] 

Nitrocresyl methyl ether 

Nit ro-p-dichlorobenzene 

o- Nit rodipheny 1 

p-Nitrodiphenyl 

4-Nitro-2-diphenylaminesulfonic acid 

4-Nitrodiphenylamino-2-sulfonic acid 

2-Nitrohydroquinone, diethyl ether 

2-Nitrohydroquinone, dimethyl ether 

3-Nitro-4-hydroxy-l-phenylarsonic acid 

6-Nitro-4-methoxy-3-aminotoluene [ CH3 =1 ] 

2-Nitro-4-methoxy-5-'(p-toluenesulfonamido)toluene-- 

4- Ni t ro- 1-methy lani line 

l-Nitro-2-methylanthraquinone 

2-Nitronaphthalene-4,8-disulfonic acid 

7-Nitro-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

4-Nitronaphthalic acid tolylimide 

2-Nitro-l-phenol-4,6-disulfonic acid 

3-Nitrophenylhydrazine 

p-(p-Nitrophenylmercapto) aniline 

l-(m-Nitrophenyl)-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylie acid — 

Nitropyrazolonecarboxylic acid 

p-Nitrosodiethylaniline 

p-Nitrosodimethylaniline 

Nitroso-P-naphthol 

3-Nitro-5-stearoylamino-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

4-Nitrotolueneanilide 

6-Nitro-3- (p-toluenesulf one) amino-4-methoxytoluene- 

4 -Nitro-p-toluenesulfone-o-toluide 

o-Nitrotoluenesulfonic acid 

p-Nitrotoluene-o-sulfonic acid 

m-Nitro-o-toluidine [ CH 3 =l] 

m-Nitro-p-toluidine [ CH 3 =l] 

p-Nitro-o-toluidine [CH 3 =l] 

3-Nitro-4-toluidine [CH 3 =l] 

4-Nitro-2-toluidine [ CH 3 =l] 

5-Nitro-2-toluidine [CH 3 =l] 

Nitrotoluidine sulfone 

6-Nitro-o-toluidine-4- sulfonic acid 

N- ( 4-Nitro-o-tolyl ) -p-toluenesulf onamide 

5-Nitro-l,2,4-trichlorobenzene 

Nitroviolanthrene 

p-Nitro-o-xylene 

4-Nitro-l,3-xylene 

2-Nitro-l,4-xylol 

4-Nitro-l,3-xylol 

Orthanilic acid 

Oxalyl-p-nitro aniline 

Oxalyl-p-nitrophenylamine 

Oxalyl-m-phenyldiamine 

Oxalyl-p-phenyldiamine 

4-0xo-4H-pyran-2 , 6-dicarboxy lie acid 

2-0xycarbazole 

a-Oxynaphthoic acid 

P-Oxynaphthoic acid 

Pent aanthramide 



2-Chloro-4-nitrotoluene . 

4-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene. 

2-Nitro-p-cresol [0H=1] . 

4-Methyl-2-nitroanisole [CH 3 0=l]. 

l,4-Dichloro-2-nitrobenzene. 

2-Nitrobiphenyl. 

4-Nitrobiphenyl . 

2-Anilino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S0 3 H=1]. 

2-Anilino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S0 3 H=1]. 

l,4-Diethoxy-2-nitrobenzene . 

l,4-Dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzene . 

4-Hydroxy-3-nitrobenzenearsonic acid. 

5-Methyl-4-nitro-o-anisidine [ NH 2 =l]. 

N- (5-Methyl-4-nitro-o-methoxyphenyl ) -p-toluenesulf on- 
amide. 

5-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH 2 =l]. 

2-Methyl-l-nitroanthraquinone . 

3-Nitro-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

3-Nitro-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

4- Nitro-N- (p-tolyl)naphthalimide . 

6-Nitro-l-phenol-2,4-disulfonic acid. 

m-Nitrophenylhydrazine . 

p-(p-Nitrophenylthio) aniline. 

l-(m-Nitrophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 
acid. 

l-(m-Nitrophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3rCarboxylic 
acid. 

N,N-Diethyl-p-nitrosoaniline. 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-nitrosoaniline. 

l-Nitroso-2-naphthol. 

3-Nitro-5-stearoylamido-p-toluenesulfonic acid 
[S0 3 H=1]. 

5-Nitro-n-phenyl-o-toluidine [ NH 2 =1] • 

N-(5-Methyl-4-nitro-o-methoxyphenyl") -p-toluene- 
sulf onamide . 

4 -Nitro-p-toluenesulf ono-o-toluidide . 

3-Nitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S0 3 H=l]. 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S0 3 H=1]. 

4-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH2=l]. 

2-Nitro-p-toluidine [NH 2 =l]. 

5-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH 2 =l]. 

2-Nitro-p-toluidine [NH 2 =l]. 

5-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH 2 =l]. 

4-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH 2 =1]. 

4' -Nitro-p-toluenesulf ono-o-toluidide. 

4-Amino-5-nitro-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S0 3 H=1]. 

A' -Nitro-p-toluenesulf ono-o-toluidide. 

l,2,4-Trichloro-5-nitrobenzene. 

16-Nitroviolanthrone . 

4- Nitro-o-xylene . 

4-Nitro-m- xylene . 

2-Nitro-p-xylene . 

4-Nitro-m-xylene . 



o-Aminobenzenesulfonie acid [S0 3 H=1], 
4 -Nitrooxanilic acid. 
4 -Nitrooxanilic acid. 
3 '-Aminooxanilide . 
4 '-Aminooxanilide . 
Chelidonic acid. 
2-Hydroxycarbazole. 
l-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid. 
3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid. 



1,4, 5, 8-TetraW.s [l',l",l'",l "" -anthraquinonyl- 
amino] anthraquinone . 



200 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1959 
Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



Peri acid 

Phenethylene 

Phenol, sodium salt 

1-Phenylacetylcarbinol 

3-Phenylacrylophenone 

2-Phenylamine-5-naphthol-7-sulfonic acid 

2-Phenylamine-8-naphthol-6-sulfonic acid 

N-Phenylaniline 

Phenylarsonic acid 

N-Phenylazoaniline 

Phenylbiphenyl 

Phenyl bromide 

l-Phenyl-3-carboxy-5-pyrazolone-4-sulfonic acid 

Phenyldiethanolamine 

N,N -p-Phenylenebis [acetamide] 

m-Phenylenediaminedisulfonic acid 

m-Phenylenediaminesulfonic acid 

p-Phenylenediaminesulfonic acid 

Phenjflene nerol acid 

Phenylethanolamine 

Phenyl gamma acid 

Phenylhydrazine-p-sulfonic acid 

Phenylhydrazine-2- sulfonic acid 

Phenylhydrazine-3-sulfonic acid 

N-Phenyl-N'-(p-hydroxyethyl) thiourea 

Phenyl isocyanate 

Phenyl J acid 

Phenylmalonic ester 

Phenylmethanesulfonic acid 

Phenyl- (3-naphthylami ne 

N-Phenyl-l-nephthylamine-8-sulfonic acid 

a -Phenyl- P-(A-oxophenyl)propionic acid 

Phenyl peri acid 

N-Phenyl-p-phenylenediaminesulfonic acid 

l-Phenyl-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid, ethyl ester- 

Phenyl silicon chloride 

Phenylstyryi ketone 

l-Phenyl-4-'-sulfo-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid 

Phthalyl chloride 

3-Piperidino-l-propanol 

Piperidinopropyl alcohol 

Potassium-3-chloro-6-carboxy-3'-methoxydiphenylamine- 

n-Propyl-p-nitrobenzoate 

Pseudocumene 

Pseudocumidine 

Purpuroxanthin 

Pyrazoleanthrone 

Pyrazoleanthrone yellow 

3-Pyrazolin-4-ylacetic acid 

3 -Pyrazolone 

5-Pyrazolone 

Pyrazolone G 

Pyrazolone T 

2-Pyridylethanol 

R acid 

2R acid - 

Red KB base • 

Rhoduline acid 



8-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Styrene . 

Sodium phenoxide. 

l-Hydroxy-l-phenyl-2-propanone . 

Chalcone . 

6-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 

7-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 

Diphenylamine . 

Benzenearsonic acid. 

1,3-Diphenyltriazene. 

Terphenyl . 

Bromobenzene . 

5-0xo-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 

acid. 
2 , 2 '- ( Phenylimino ) diethanol . 
N, N '- (p-Phenylene )bis [ acetamide ] . 
4-,6-Diamino-m-benzenedisulfonic acid. 
2,4— Diaminobenzenesulfonic acid. 
2,5-Diaminobenzenesulfonic acid. 
5-Amino-2-(p-aminoanilino)benzenesulfonic acid. 
2-Anilinoethanol. 

7-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
p-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
o-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
m-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=lJ. 
1- ( 2-Hydroxyethyl ) -3-phenyl-2-thiourea. 
Isocyanic acid, phenyl ester. 
6-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid . 
Phenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester. 
a-Toluenesulfonic acid. 
N-Phenyl-2-naphthylamine . 
S-Anilino-l-naphthalenesulTonic acid. 
a-Phenylphloretic acid. 
8-Anilino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
5-Amino-2-anilinobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
5-0xo-l-phenyl-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid, 
. ethyl ester. 
Trichlorophenylsilane . 
Chalone . 
5-Oxo-l- (p-sulf ophenyl ) -2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 

acid. 
Phthaloyl chloride. 
1-Piperidinepropanol. 
1-Piperidinepropanol. 
4-Chloro-N- (m-methoxyphenyl) anthranilic acid, 

potassium salt [ C0OH=l] . 
p-Nitrobenzoic acid, n-propyl ester. 
1,2, 4-Trimethylbenzene . 
2,4,5 -Trimethylani line . 
Xanthopurpurin . 
Anthra[l,9]pyrazol-6(2H)-one. 

[3,3'-Bianthra[l,9]pyrazole]-6,6'(2H,2'H)-dione. 
3-Pyrazoline— 4-acetic acid. 
3-Pyrazolin-5-one . 
2-Pyrazolin-5-one . 
p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 

acid. 
5-0xo-l-(p-su If ophenyl) -2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 

acid. 
2-Pyridineethanol . 



2-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
5-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH 2 =l]. 
6,6'-Iminobis[l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid] 



APPENDIX C 
Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



20I 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



S Acid 

2S (SS) acid - 

Schaeffer's acid 

Silver salt 

Sodium carbolate 

Sodium naphthionate 

Sodium phenate 

Sodium phenolate 

Sodium-o-phenylphenolate 

Sodium tetrachlorophenolate 

Sodium trichlorophenolate 

Styrol 

Sulfo BB acid 

o-Sulfobenzaldehyde 

4-Sulfo-o-benzoylbenzoic acid 

l-Sulfo-5-nitroanthraquinone 

Sulf opheny lmethy lpyrazo lone 

l-Sulfophenyl-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid 



Tetraaminoditolylmethane 

Tetrachloro-p-benzoquinone 

Tet rachloroquinone 

Tetraethyldiaminobenzhydrol 

Tet raethyldi aminobenzophenone 

Tetraethyldiaminodipheny Methane 

Tet raethyldi aminot riphenylme thane 

Tet rahyd rophthali mi de 

Tetramethyldiaminoacridine hydrochloride 

Tet rame thy ldi aminobenzophenone 

Tetramethyldiaminobenzoylhydrol 

Tet rame thy ldi aminodiphenylme thane 

Tetramethyldiaminotriphenylmethane 

Thioaniline 

Thioanilinedisulfonic acid 

p,p -Thiobis(4-amino-o-benzenesulfonic acid) 

Thiosalicylic acid 

Tobias acid 

ct-Toluamide 

Toluene -2, 4-diisocyanate 

p-Toluenesulfochloride 

4-Toluenesulfonamido-l-aminoanthraquinonesulfonic 
acid. 

P-Toluenesulfonic acid 

Toluene-2,4,6-triol 

4-Toluic acid 

a-Toluic acid 

m-Toluidine-o-sulfonic acid 

m-Toluidine-p-sulfonic acid 

o-Toluidine-m-sulfonic acid 

o-Toluidine-omega-sulf onic acid 

p-Toluidine-m-sulfonic acid 

p-Toluidine-o-sulfonic acid 

p-Toluidine-o-sulfonic acid, isopropyl ester 

3-Toluidine-6-sulfonic acid 

6-(p-Toluidino)metanilic acid 

a-Tolunitrile 

4-Tolunitrile 

l,3-(p-Tolylamino)anthraquinone 

p-Tolyl-o-benzoic acid 

o-Tolylc arbinol 

Tolylenediamine 

p-m-Tolylenedi amine 

4-m-Tolylenediamine 



8-Amino-l-naphthol-5-sulfonic acid. 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonic acid. 

2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid. 

2-Anthraquinonesulfonic acid, sodium salt. 

Sodium phenoxide. 

Naphthionic acid, sodium salt. 

Sodium phenoxide. 

Sodium phenoxide. 

o-Phenylphenol, sodium salt. 

2,3,4,6-Tetrachlorophenol, sodium salt. 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenol, sodium salt. 

Styrene . 

2-Benzoyl-4-sulfobenzoic acid [C00H=l]. 

o-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 

2-Benzoyl-4-sulfobenzoic acid [C00H=l], 

5-Nitro-l-anthraquinonesulfonic acid. 

p- (3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl )benzenesulf onic 

acid. 
5-0xo-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 

acid. 



5,5'-Methylenebis [toluene-2,4-diamine] . 

Chloranil. 

Chloranil. 

4, 4 -Bis[diethylamino]benzhydrol. 

4,4 -Bis [diethylamino]benzophenone. 

4,4 -Methylenebis[N,N-diethylaniline] . 

4,4 -Benzylidenebis[N,N-diethylaniline ]. 

4-Cyclohexene-l,2-dicarboximide. 

2,7-Bis[dimethylamino] acridine hydrochloride. 

4,4 -Bis[dimethylamino]benzophenone. 

4,4 -Bis [diethylami no] benzhydrol . 

4,4 -Methylenebis[N,N-dimethylaniline] . 

4,4 -Benzylidinebis[N,N-dimethylaniline] . 

4,4 -Thiodianiline. 

6,6'-Thiodimetanilic acid [S0 3 H=l]. 

6,6 '-Thiodimetanilic acid [S0 3 H=l]. 

o-Mercaptobenzoic acid [C00H=l]. 

2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

2-Phenylacetamide . 

Isocyanic acid, 4(and 2) -methyl -m-phenylene ester. 

p-Toluenesulfonyl chloride [S0 2 Cl=l]. 

l-Amino-4- (p-toluenesulf onamido ) -2-anthraquinone- 

sulfonic acid. 
p-Toluenesulfonic acid, methyl ester [S03H=lJ. 
2-Methylphloroglucinol. 
p-Toluic acid [COOH=l] . 
Phenylacetic acid. 

'4-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
2-Amino-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
4-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S0 3 H=l]. 
(o-Toluidino)methanesulfonic acid [ S03H=l]. 
6-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
5-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
5-Amino-o-toluenesuLfonic acid, isopropyl ester 

[S0 3 H=l]. 
4-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S0 3 H=l]. 
5-Amino-2-(p-toluidino)benzenesulfonic acid. 
Phenylacetonitrile . 
p-Tolunitrile. 

1, 3-Di (p-toluidino ) anthraquinone . 
o-(p-Tolyl)benzoic acid [C00H=l]. 
o-Methylbenzyl alcohol. 
Toluenedi amine . 
Toluene-2, 5-diamine . 
Toluene-2,4-diamine . 



202 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1059 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



5 -m-Tolylenedi amine 

m-Tolylenediaminesulfonic acid 

m-Tolylene di isocyanat es 

[ 3- (p-Tolyl)-l-methyltriazeno] acetic acid — 

Tolyl peri acid 

2,4,6-Triaminobenzene trihydrochloride 

2,4,6-Triaminotoluene trihydrochloride 

Trianthr aquinonyldi - imide 

1,4-Trianthrinn'de 

Trichlorophenylsilicane 

1, 2, -i-Trihydroxy anthraquinone 

1,2, 6-Tr ihydroxyanthraquinone 

2,4,6-Trihydroxytoluene 

1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene 

2,4,6-Trimethylpyridine 

Trinitrophenol 

2,4-,6-Trinitroresorcin 

1, 2, 4-Trioxy anthraquinone 

1,3,5-Triphenylhexahydro-s-triazine 

Triphenyl silicon chloride 

3,3 '-Ureyleneaniline 

Vinylbenzene 

Vinyltoluene 

Violanthrene 

Xenylamine 

m-Xylidine acetate 

m-Xylidinesulfonic acid 

Xylyl chloride 



Toluene-3,5-diamine. 

4,6-Diamino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 

Isocyanic acid, 4(and2) -methyl -m-phenylene ester. 

[3-(p-Tolyl)-l-methyltriazen-3-ylj acetic acid. 

8-(p-Toluidino)-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

1,3,5-Benzenetriamine trihydrochloride. 

Toluene-2,4,6-triamine trihydrochloride. 

1,4-Bis [l-anthraquinonylamino] anthraquinone . 

1,4-Bis [l-anthraquinonylamino] anthraquinone. 

Trichlorophenylsilane. 

Purpurin. 

Flavopurpurin. 

2-Methylphloroglucinol. 

Mesitylene . 

s-Collidine. 

Picric acid. 

Styphnic acid. 

Purpurin . 

Hexahydro-l,3,5-triphenyl-s-triazine. 

Chlorotriphenylsilane . 

3, 3 ' -Diaminocarbanilide . 



Styrene . 

Methylstyrene . 

Dinaphtho [l,2,3-cd,3 ,2 ',1 '-lm]perylene. 



4 -Bipheny lamine . 
2,4-Xylidine acetate. 

2-Amino-3,5-xylenesulfonic acid [S03H=lj. 
4-Chloro-m- xylene . 



APPENDIX D 



203 



D. Cross-Reference List of Colour Index and Common Names of Toners and Lakes 

In previous reports in this series, individual toners and lakes were identified by the names 
by which they were most commonly known in the literature and in the trade. In this report, they 
are identified by the names used in the second edition of Colour Index. 

To facilitate comparison of the statistics shown in this report and those given in the reports 
for earlier years, the following cross-reference list has been compiled. The list gives, for each 
Colour Index name used in tables 11 A, 12, and 11B of this report, the corresponding name by which 
the pigment was identified in earlier reports. 



Toners and lakes: Cross-reference list of Colour Index and common names 



Colour Index name 



Common name 



Natural Black 3— 

Pigment Blue 1 

Pigment Blue 9 

Pigment Blue 14 — 
Pigment Blue 15 — 
Pigment Blue 19— 
Pigment Blue 24 — 
Pigment Blue 25--- 
Pigment Green 1 — 
Pigment Green 2 — 
Pigment Green 4 — 
Pigment Green 7 — 
Pigment Green 8 — 
Pigment Orange 2 — 
Pigment Orange 5-- 
Pigment Orange 13- 
Pigment Orange 16- 

Aeid Red 26 

Pigment Red 1 

Pigment Red 2 

Pigment Red 3 

Pigment Red 4 

Pigment Red 5 

Pigment Red 17 

Pigment Red 18 

Pigment Red 22 

Pigment Red 23 

Pigment Red 38 

Pigment Red 41 

Pigment Red 48 

Pigment Red 49 

Pigment Red 52 

Pigment Red 53 

Pigment Red 57 

Pigment Red 60 

Pigment Red 63 

Pigment Red 81 

Pigment Red 83 

Pigment Red 90 

Pigment Violet 1— 
Pigment Violet 3— 
Pigment Violet 5— 

Acid Yellow 23 

Basic Yellow 2 

Pigment Yellow 1— 
Pigment Yellow 3— 
Pigment Yellow 12- 
Pigment Yellow 13- 
Pigment Yellow 14- 



Logwood black. 

Victoria pure blue B. 

Setoglaucine. 

Ethyl violet. 

Phthalocyanine blue B, BG. 

Alkali blue. 

Peacock blue, fugitive. 

Dianisidine blue. 

Brilliant green. 

Brilliant green and thioflavine. 

Malachite green. 

Phthalocyanine green. 

Pigment green B. 

o-Nitroaniline orange. 

2,4-Dinitroaniline orange. 

Benzidine orange. 

Dianisidine orange. 

Scarlet 2R. 

Para red. 

Naphthol AS and dca. 

Toluidine red. 

o-Chloro-p-nitroaniline red. 

Naphthol AS-ITR and ITR base. 

Naphthol AS-D and pnot. 

Toluidine maroon. 

Naphthol AS and pnot. 

Naphthol AS-BS and pnoa. 

Pyrazolone red. 

Dianisidine red. 

Permanent red 2B. 

Lithol red R. 

Lithol red 2G. 

Red lake C. 

Lithol rubine B. 

Pigment scarlet 3B. 

B.O.N, maroon. 

Rhod amine 6G. 

Alizarin red B. 

Eosine. 

Rhodamine B. 

Methyl violet B. 

Helio fast rubine 4BL. 

Tartrazine. 

Aur amine. 

Hansa yellow G. 

Hansa yellow 10G. 

Benzidine yellow (deb and aaa). 

Benzidine yellow (deb and aamx). 

Benzidine yellow (deb and aaot). 



U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1960 O - 56905 



REPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION ON THE OPERATION 
OF THE TRADE AGREEMENTS PROGRAM 

♦Operation of the Trade Agreements Program, June 1934 to April 1948 (Rept. No. 160. 2d ser.. 1949): 
Part I. Summary 

Part II. History of the Trade Agreements Program 
Part III. Trade- Agreement Concessions Granted by the United States 
Part IV. Trade-Agreement Concessions Obtained by the United States 
Part V. Effects of the Trade Agreements Program on United States Trade 

♦Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Second Report. April 1948 March 1949 (ReDt. No 
163, 2d ser., 1950) F 

♦Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Third Report, April 1949 June 1950 (Rent. No. 172. 
2d ser.. 1951) F 

♦Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Fourth Report. Julv 1950 June 1951 (Rent. No 
174, 2d ser., 1952) F 

♦Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Fifth Report. Julv 1951 June 1952 (Rept. No. 191. 
2d ser., 1954) 

♦Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Sixth Report, Julv 1952-June 1953 (Rept. No. 193. 
2d ser., 1954) 

♦Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Seventh Report, Julv 1953 June 1954 (Rept. No. 
195, 2d ser., 1955) ' 

Operation of the Trade Agreements Program : Eighth Report, Julv 1954 June 1955 (Rept. No. 197. 
2d ser., 1956), 55* 

♦Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Ninth Report. Julv 1955 June 1956 (Rept. No. 199. 
2d ser., 1957) 

♦Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: 10th Report. Julv 1956 June 1957 (Rept. No. 202. 
2d ser.. 1959) 

Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: 11th Report, Julv 1957-June 1958 (Rept. No. 204, 
2d ser.. 1959), 60* 



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