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Full text of "Synthetic organic chemicals"


Given By 

TT. ^. STTPT. OF rK)CTTMENTS 



3^ 



^UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMI CALS 

United States Production 
and Sales, 1960 - i> \ 

TC Publication 34 




RECENT REPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION ON SYNTHETIC 

ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

*Synthelic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1955 (Rept. No. 198, 2d ser., 

1956) 
Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1956 (Rept. No. 200, 2d ser., 

1957), 65>« 
Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1957 (Rept. No. 203, 2d ser., 

1958), 60«^ 
Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1958 (Rept. No. 205, 2d ser., 

1959), $1.00 
Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1959 (Rept. No. 206, 2d ser., 
"i960), $1.00 



OTHER RECENT REPORTS 

United States Import Duties (1958), $3.00 (subscription price); $1.00 additional for foreign mailing 

Special and Adininistrative Provisions (Titles III and IV) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as Amended, 

as in effect on December 1, 1960, $2.25 (subscription price); 50^ additional for foreign mailing 

Forty-fourth Annual Report of the United States Tariff Commission (1960), 30^ 



NOTK.— The report preceded by an aslcrisk (*) is out of print. The other reports listed may be purchased from 
the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing OflTice, Washington 25, I).C. See inside back cover 
for additional reports. All U.S. Tariff Commission reports reproduced by the Government Printing Office may be 
consulted in the official depository libraries throughout the United States. 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

United States Production 
and Sales, 1960 



UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF 
SECTION 332 OF THE TARIFF 
ACT OF 1930, AS AMENDED 



UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1961 



TC Publication 34 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



Boston Publle LibJafy 
Snperintendeat of D©etifii6fit§ 

^iOV 6 1961 

DEPOSITORY 



Joseph E. Talbot 
Walter R. Schreiber 
Gleinn W. Sutton 
William E. Dowling 
J. Allen Overton, Jr. 
DoNN N. Bent, Secretary 



Address all communications 

UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Washington 25, D.C. 



NOTE: The system of numbering Tariff Commission publications has been revised. From January 1, 1961, 
the publication numbers begin anew with 1; the designations "Second Series" and "Miscellaneous Series" have 
been discontinued. Although the first eight publications of 1961 (released before the revised system went into 
effect) bear no numbers, they have been assigned TC publication numbers as follows: 1 — Nepheline Syenite From 
Canada . . .; 2 — Flaxseed, Linseed Oil and Peanut Oil . . .; 3 — Forty-fourth Annual Report . . .; 4 — Reapplication 
of Trade-Agreement Reductions in Import-Duty Rates to Imports from Poland; 5 — Ultramarine Blue . . .; 
6 — Plastic Film Raincoats . . .; 7 — Cantaloups . . .; 8 — Shrimp .... 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, 
Washington 25, D.C - Price $1.25 



C O N T.E N T S 



Page 



Introduction v 

Summary vii 

PART I. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF TARS, TAR CRUDES, AND CRUDES 
DERIVED FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS 

Tars 1 

Tar crudes ^ 

Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion 4 

PART II. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF INTERMEDIATES AND FINISHED 
SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, BY GROUPS 

General ' 

Cyclic intermediates 10 

Dyes 14 

Toners and lakes 26 

Medicinal chemicals 32 

Flavor and perfume materials 36 

Plastics and resin materials 37 

Rubber-processing chemicals 41 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) 43 

Plasticizers 44 

Surface -active agents 46 

Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals 49 

Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals 51 

PART III. ALPHABETICAL LIST OF INDIVIDUAL PRODUCTS, BY GROUPS, 
AND NAMES OF MANUFACTURERS 

Tar crudes 57 

Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion 58 

Cyclic intermediates 60 

Dyes 87 

Toners and lakes 111 

Medicinal chemicals 117 

Flavor and perfume materials 134 

Plastics and resin materials 139 

Rubber-processing chemicals 142 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) 145 

Plasticizers 146 

Surface -active agents 149 

Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals 158 

Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals 163 

Directory of manufacturers 190 

APPENDIXES 

A. U.S. imports of coal-tar intermediates and finished coal-tar products 207 

B. Research workers and research expenditures in the synthetic organic chemical 

industry - - 209 

C. Glossary of synonynrious names of cyclic intermediates 209 

D. Cross-reference list of Colour Index and common names of toners and lakes 227 



Introduction 

This is the forty-fourth annual report of the U.S. Tariff Commission on domestic production 
and sales of synthetic organic chemicals and the raw materials from which they are made. The 
report presents statistics for I960 on production and sales of crude organic chemicals derived 
from coal, natural gas, and petroleum; of intermediates; and of finished synthetic organic chem- 
ical products. The finished products are grouped according to their principal use--dyes, toners 
and lakes, medicinal chemicals, flavor and perfume materials, plastics and resin materials, 
rubber-processing chemicals, elastomers, plasticizers, surface-active agents, pesticides and 
other organic agricultural chemicals, and miscellaneous chemicals. The use classifications of 
finished synthetic organic chemicals are based principally on the manufacturers' annual reports 
to the Tariff Commission; other sources include trade associations, the chemical literature, 
chemical dictionaries, encyclopedias, and consultants in the chemical industry. With a few ex- 
ceptions, the report does not cover organic chemicals (such as wood-distillation products, essen- 
tial oils, and naval stores) that are derived from natural (vegetable) sources by simple extraction 
or distillation. The Commission has compiled the statistics presented in this report from infor- 
mation supplied by the 715 primary manufacturers listed in part III. 

This report incorporates a number of changes based on suggestions made by the Committee 
on Chemicals of the Advisory Council on Federal Reports. The most important of these changes 
is the replacement of the numerical identification code previously used to identify manufacturers, 
by an alphabetical code. Each reporting company has been assigned an identification symbol con- 
sisting of a combination of not more than three capital letters, selected in most instances with 
the approval of the nnanufacturer. The identification symbols are permanent and, except for such 
changes as may be necessary, will be used in all future reports in this series. Important changes 
first incorporated in the Commission's 1958 report and continued in this report include the larger 
format, certain revisions of the basic definitions, and adoption of the new Colour Index classifica- 
tion and terminology for dyes and toners and lakes. This report, like the 1958 and 1959 reports, 
includes data on only those individual chemicals for which the volume of production or sales in the 
year covered exceeded 1,000 pounds or for which the value of sales exceeded $1,000. 

The raw materials referred to in this report are obtained from coal, crude petroleum, 
natural gas, and certain other natural materials, such as vegetable oils, fats, rosin, and grains. 
Crude organic chemicals are derived from coal by thermal decomposition, from petroleum and 
natural gas by catalytic cracking and by distillation or absorption, and from other natural sources 
by fermentation. Production of these crude organic chemicals is the first step in the manufacture 
of synthetic organic chemicals. From these crudes, intermediates are obtained by synthesis or 
refining; most of the intermediates are then converted into finished chemical products, such as 
medicinal chennicals, plastics and resin materials, and dyes. Intermediates usually are not sold 
directly to the ultimate consumer, but are used by the producing companies themselves--or by 
other industrial concerns--in their manufacturing processes. 

In this report, the statistics on production of the individual chemicals reported by nnanufac- 
turers include the total output of the companies' plants, i.e., the quantities produced for con- 
suinption within the producing plants, as well as the quantities produced for sale. The quantities 
reported as produced, therefore, generally exceed the quantities reported as sold. Some of these 
differences, however, are attributable to changes in inventories. As specified in the reporting 
instructions that the Commission sends to manufacturers, and as used in this report, production 
and sales (unless otherwise specifically indicated) are defined as follows: 

Production is the total quantity of a commodity made available by original manufacture only. It is 
the sum (expressed in terms of 100-percent active ingredient unless otherwise specified) of the 
quantities of a commodity-- 

(1) Produced, separated, and consumed in the same plant or establishment (a com - 

modity is considered to be separated when it is isolated from the reaction system 
and/or when it is weighed, analyzed, or otherwise measured). Byproducts and 
coproducts not classified as waste materials are also included; 

(2) Produced and transferred to other plants or establishments of the sanne firnn; 

(3) Produced and sold to other firms (including production for others under toll agree- 

ments' ); and 

(4) Produced and held in stock. 



'a toll agreement is an agreement between two firms, under which one firm furnishes the raw materials and pays the processing costs 
and the other firm prepares the finished product and returns it to t»e first firm. 



vi INTRODUCTION 

Production excludes -- 

(1) Purification of a commodity unless specifically requested in the reporting instruc- 

tions; 

(2) Intermediate products that are formed in the manufacturing process but are not 

isolated from the reaction system- -that is, not weighed, analyzed, or otherwise 
measured; and 

(3) Materials that are used in the process but are recovered for reuse or sale; and 

waste products that have no economic significance. 

Sales are defined as actual sales of commodities by original manufacturers only. Sales include-- 

(1) Shipments of comnnodities for domestic use and for export, or segregation in a ware- 

house when title has passed to the purchaser in a bona fide sale; 

(2) Shipnnents of a connmodity produced by others under toll agreements; and 

(3) Shipnnents to subsidiary or affiliated connpanies. 

Sales exclude-- 

(1) All intracompany transfers within a corporate entity; 

(2) All sales of purchased commodities; and 

(3) All shipments of a commodity produced /or oMers under toll agreements. 

The value of a sale is the net selling value, f. o.b. plant or warehouse, or delivered value, 
whichever represents the normal industry practice. 

Data on the chemicals covered in this report are usually given in terms of undiluted mate- 
rials. Products that assay 95 percent pure or more are considered to be 100 percent pure. The 
principal exceptions are the statistics on dyes and a few solvents, which are reported in terms 
of commercial concentrations; the statistics on certain plastics and resins, which are reported 
on a dry basis; and the data on sales of antibiotics, which are reported on the basis of specific 
conditions mentioned in the section on medicinal chemicals. The report specifically notes those 
products for which the statistics are reported in terms of comnnercial concentrations. 

The average tinit values of sales for groups of products shown in the tables accompanying 
this report are weighted averages for products which vary widely in unit values and in the 
quantities sold. 

In this report, statistics are presented in as great detail as is possible without revealing 
the operations of individual producers. Statistics for an individual chemical or group of chem- 
icals are not given if there are fewer than three producers. Moreover, even when there are 
three or more producers, statistics are not given if there is any possibility that their publica- 
tion would violate the statutory provisions relating to unlawful disclosure of information ac- 
cepted in confidence by the Commission. i 

Statistics on tars and tar crudes include data furnished directly to the Tariff Commission 
by distillers of coal tar, water-gas tar, and oil-gas tar; data furnished to the Division of 
Bituminous Coal, U.S. Bureau of Mines, by coke-oven operators; and data furnished to the 
American Gas Association by producers of water-gas tar and oil-gas tar. 

Statistics on U.S. innports in I960 of coal-tar intermediates and finished coal-tar products 
that entered under paragraphs 27 and 28 of the Tariff Act of 1930 are given in appendix A. 
Appendix B includes a table that shows the number of technically trained research workers in 
the synthetic organic chemical industry and the cost of research in the industry. Appendix C is 
a glossary of the common, or trivial, nannes of coal-tar internnediates usually encountered in 
the trade, together with their equivalent standard (or Chemical Abstracts) nanaes. Appendix D is a 
cross-reference list of the Colour Index and common names of toners and lakes. 



• Sec. 5, U.S.C. 139b and sec. 18, U.S.C. 1905. 



Summary 

Combined production of all synthetic organic chemicals, tars, tar crudes, and crude 
products from petroleum and natural gas in 1960 was 96, 729 million pounds--?. 6 percent more 
than the output in 1959 (see table 1). Sales in I960, which totaled 55, 538 nnillion pounds, valued 
at $7, 507 million, were 4. 8 percent larger than in 1959 in terms of quantity and 3. 3 percent 
larger in terms of value. Since these figures include data on production and sales of chemicals 
at several successive steps in the manufacturing process, they necessarily contain considerable 
duplication. 

In I960, production of all synthetic organic chemicals, including cyclic intermediates and 
finished products, totaled 53,952 million pounds, or 7.2 percent nnore than the output in 1959. 
The production of cyclic intermediates (9,602 million pounds) was 13.5 percent larger in 1960 
than in 1959; that of plasticizers was 11.7 percent larger; that of pesticides and other organic 
agricultural chemicals was 10. 6 percent larger; and that of flavor and perfume materials was 
9.9 percent larger. 

Production of several other groups of synthetic organic chemicals was also larger in 1960 
than in 1959. Production of medicinal chemicals (114 nnillion pounds) was 6.8 percent larger; 
that of miscellaneous organic chemicals (31, 908 million pounds) was 6. 5 percent larger; that of 
plastics and resin materials (6, 143 million pounds) was 4. 7 percent larger; that of elastomers 
(synthetic rubbers) (2,952 million pounds) was 4.5 percent larger; and that of surface-active 
agents (1,532 million pounds) was 1.9 percent larger. Production of three groups of synthetic 
organic chemicals was smaller in I960 than in 1959. Production of coal-tar dyes (156 nnillion 
pounds) was 8. percent smaller; that of toners and lakes (40 nnillion pounds) was 5. 7 percent 
smaller; and that of rubber-processing chemicals (200 million pounds) was 5.0 percent smaller. 



TABLE I. --Synthetic organic, chemicals and their raw materials: U.S. production and sales, 1959 and 1960 



Production 



(-), 
1960 
over 
1959^ 



Quantity 



Increase 

or 
decrease 

(-), 
1960 
over 
1959^ 



Increase 

or 
decrease 

(-), 
1960 
over 
1959^ 



Grand total 

Xar 

Tar crudes 

Crude products from petroleum and 
natural gas 

Synthetic organic chemicals, total- 
Intermediates 

Pyes 

Toners and lakes 

Medicinal chemicals 

Flavor and perfume materials 

Plastics and resin materials 

Rubber-processing chemicals 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers)--. 

Plasticizers 

Surface-active agents 

Pesticides and other organic 

agricultural chemicals 

Miscellaneous chemicals 



89, 874 



«!i 1 1 ion 

pounds 

96,729 



Million 
pounds 
52,973 



Million 
pounds 
55,538 



Million 

dollars 

7,267 



Mill I 
dolla 



6,690 
8,447 



50,315 



7,094 
9,536 



53,952 



6.0 
12.9 



3,497 
5,353 



3,333 
5,771 



17,674 
28,760 



-4.7 
7.8 



142 

583 

6,498 



43 
154 



8,459 

170 
43 

107 

50 

5,865 

210 
2,825 

539 
1,504 

585 
29,958 



9,602 

156 
40 

114 

55 

6,143 

200 
2,952 

602 
1,532 

648 
31,908 



13.5 
-8.0 



6.8 
9.9 



11.7 
1.9 



10.6 
6.5 



3,511 

159 

33 

87 

45 

5,170 

159 

2,601 

477 

1,372 

503 
13,407 



3,964 
148 



47 

5,347 

153' 

2,551 

500 
1,399 

570 
13,960 



12.9 
-7.0 
-1.9 



3.7 
3.4 
-4.1 
-1.9 
5.0 
2.0 

13.4 



556 
206 

66 
582 

57 
1,640 
102 
693 
142 
271 

225 
1,958 



622 
192 

64 
557 

60 
1,653 
101 
698 
149 
278 

262 
2,026 



-3.0 
8.4 



2.5 



12.0 
-6.7 
-2.1 
-4.3 
6.1 



16.1 
3.4 



^ Percentages calculated from figures rounded to thousands. 



PART I. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF TARS, TAR CRUDES, 
AND CRUDES DERIVED FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS 



Tars 



Coal tar is produced chiefly by the steel industry as a byproduct of the manufacture of coke; 
water-gas tar and oil-gas tar are produced by the fuel-gas industry. Production of coal tar, 
therefore, depends on the demand for steel; production of water-gas and oil-gas tar reflects 
the consumption of manufactured gas for industrial and household use. Water-gas and oil-gas 
tars have properties intermediate between those of petroleum asphalts and coal tars. Petroleum 
asphalts are not usually considered to be raw materials for chemicals. 

The quantity of tar produced in the United States from all sources in 1960 was 709 million 
gallons, or 6. percent more than the 669 million gallons produced in 1959. Of the total quantity 
produced in I960, 687 million gallons was coal tar and 22 million gallons was water-gas and 
oil-gas tar (see table 2). 



TABLE 2. --Tar: U.S. production and consumption, 1959 and 1960 

[ In thoxisands of gallons ] 



Product 



PRODUCTION 
Total 

Water-gas and oil-gas tar^ 

Coal tar from coke-oven byproduct plants,^ total 

Plants not owned by city gas companies 

Plants owned by city gas companies (public utilities) 

CONSUMPTION 
Total 

Tar consumed by distillation, total 

Water-gas and oil-gas tar distilled by producers and tar distillers* 

Coal tar distilled or topped by coke-oven operators^ 

Coal tar distilled by tar distillers' 

Tar consumed chiefly as fuel, total 

Water-gas and oil-gas tar consumed as fuel* 

Coal tar sold or consumed as fuel by coke-oven operators^ 

Tar consumed otherwise than by distillation or as fuel, total 

Coal tar consumed at coke-oven plants for roads and upkeep^ 

Coal tar, water-gas tar, and oil-gas tar processed at tar refineries, crude tar 
consumed for upkeep at such refineries, and tar consumed in making gas and in 
special-purpose tar blends* 



669,018 



6^8,838 
4,890 



670, 585 



10,400 
205,797 
317,915 



109,447 
27,026 



709,360 



21,800 
687.560 






721,190 



8,535 
275,310 
332,260 

85, 146 



85, 146 
19,939 



Reported to the Anerican Gas Association. 
^ Reported to the U.S. Bureau of Mines. 
^ Not available. 

* Reported to the U.S. Tariff Commission. 

' Represents tar purchased from companies operating coke ovens Eind gas-retort plants and distilled by companies 
operating tar-distillation plants. 

* Reported to the American Gas Association and to the U.S. Tariff Commission. 

Total consximption of tar in I960 amounted to 721 million gallons, of which 616 million gal- 
lons was consumed by distillation, 85 million gallons as fuel, and 20 million gallons in miscel- 
laneous uses. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



Tar Crudes 



Tar crudes are obtained from coke-oven gas and by distilling coal tar, water-gas tar, and 
oil-gas tar. The most important tar crudes are benzene, toluene, xylene, naphthalene, and 
creosote oil. Some of the products produced from coal tar are identical with those produced 
from petroleum and natural gas. Data for materials derived from these latter sources are, for 
the nnost part, included in or with the statistics for materials derived from coal tar, which are 
shown in tables 3 and 4A.' 

Total domestic production of industrial and specification grades of benzene in 1960 amounted 
to 457 million gallons- - 3 1 . 7 percent more than the 347 million gallons reported for 1959. These 
totals include data for benzene produced from domestic tars, from imported and domestic crude 
light oil, from domestic petroleum, and from imported motor-grade benzene. Sales of benzene 
in I960 announted to 377 million gallons, valued at $118 million, compared with 330 million gal- 
lons, valued at $96 million, in 1959. The output of toluene from all sources (including material 
produced for use in blending in aviation fuel) amounted to 274 million gallons--2.6 percent less 
than the 282 million gallons reported for 1959. Sales of toluene in I960 were 200 million gallons, 
valued at $39 million, compared with 167 million gallons, valued at $33 million, in 1959. The 
output of xylene in I960 (including that produced for blending in motor fuels) was 282 million gal- 
lons, compared with 241 million gallons in 1959. More than 97 percent of the xylene produced 
in I960 was obtained from petroleum sources. 

TABLE 3 . --Tar and tar crudes: Sutnmarv of U.S. prodtiction of specified products, average 1950-54, 

annual 1959 and 1960 



quantity 



Average 
1950-54 



Increase, or decrease (- 



1960 over 
1950-54 



1960 over 
1959 



Tar^ 

Benzene : ^ 

Tar distillers-' 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Total 

Toluene : 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Total 

Xylene : 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Total 

Naphthalene, crude (solidifying at less 
than 79° C.)' 

Creosote oil (Dead oil)^ 



1,000 gal— 

1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 

1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 

1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal-- 
1,000 gal— 

1,000 lb— 
1,000 gal— 



876,070 

41,389 
163,356 
46,635 



251,380 

7,497 
32,981 
80,725 



669,018 

18,498 
119,831 
208,789 



347,118 

3,670 
26,964 
250,980 



709,360 

12,787 
135,327 
309,210 



Percent 

-19.0 

-69.1 
-17.2 
563.0 



-30.9 
12.9 
48.1 



121,203 

1,373 

9,028 

78,188 



88,589 



307,537 
109,946 



281,614 

484 

7,524 

233,459 



457,324 

3,232 
30,399 
240,768 



-56.9 

-7.8 

198.3 



241,467 



425,293 
81,982 



274,399 

369 

8,076 

* 274,017 



-73.1 
-10.5 
250.4 



31.7 

-11.9 
12.7 
-4.1 
-2.6 



-23.8 
7.3 
17.4 



282,462 



510,039 
82,004 



65.8 
-25.4 



C) 



17.0 
19.9 



^ Includes data for oil-gas, water-gas, and gas-retort tar reported to the American Gas Association, and for coal 
tar reported to the Division of Bituminous Coal, U.S. Bureau of Mines. 

^ Includes data for motor-grade benzene in 1950-54. Separate statistics on production of motor-grade benzene have 
not been published since 1954. Production in recent years, if any, has been negligible. 

^ Includes data for benzene produced from imported crude light oil. 

* Includes data for material produced for use in blending motor fuels. 

' Figures include production by tar distillers and coke-oven operators and represent combined data for the 3 com- 
mercial grades of naphthalene to avoid disclosure of the operations of individual companies. Because of conversion 
between grades, the figures may include some duplication. 

' Includes data for creosote oil produced by tar distillers and coke-oven operators and used only in wood pre- 
serving. Data for production of creosote oil in coal-tar solution have been excluded because the figures for 1950-54 
were not comparable with the figures for 1959 and 1960. Production figures for 1950-54 are for the distillate sold 
or consumed as such, and for 1959 and 1960 the production of the distillate is on a 100-percent -creosote basis. 

'' Less than 0.05 percent. 

Production of crude naphthalene in 1960 amounted to 517 million pounds, compared with 425 
million pounds in 1959. Sales of naphthalene in I960 were 310 million pounds, valued at $16 mil- 
lion, compared with 267 million pounds, valued at $13 million, in 1959. In I960 the output of 
creosote oil (100-percent creosote basis), used principally in wood preserving, was 93 million 
gallons, compared with 90 million gallons in 1959. Production of road tar in I960 was 63 million 
gallons, compared with 66 million gallons in 1959. 



' See also table 48, pi. III, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers. 



TAR CRUDES 



TABLE 4A.— Tar crudes: U.S. production and sales, 1960 

[Listed below are all tar crudes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. Table ^B In 
pt. Ill lists separately all products for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manu- 
facturers reporting to the U.S. Tariff Commission] 



Unit 

of 

quantity 



(Jiantity 



Crude light oil: Coke-oven operators 

Intermediate light oil: Coke-oven operators 

Light-oil distillates: 

Benzene, specification and industrial grades, total- 
Tar distillers^ 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Toluene, all grades, total-' 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Xylene, total^ 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Solvent naphtha, total 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Other light-oil distillates, total 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Pyridine crude bases (dry basis) 

Naphthalene, crude (tar distillers and coke-oven 

operators), total* 

Solidifying at— 

Less than 7i° C 

74° C. to less than 76° C 

76° C. to less than 79° C 

Crude tar-acid oils: 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Creosote oil (Dead oil) (tar distillers and coke-oven 

operators) (100^ creosote basis), total' 

Distillate as such (100^ creosote basis) 

Creosote content of coal-tar solution (IOO56 creosote 
basis) 

All other distillate products* 

Tar, road 

Tar (crude and refined) for other uses' 

Pitch of tar: 
Soft and medium (water softening points less than 
110° F., and 110° F. to 160° F.)- - 

Hard (water softening point above 160° F.) 

Pitch-of-tar coke and pitch emulsion 



1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 

1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 



1,000 Ib-- 



234,501 
3,590 

457,324 

12,787 

135,327 

309,210 

274,399 

3,232 

30,399 

240,768 

282,462 

369 

8,076 

274,017 

9,051 

4,465 

4,586 

6,978 

2,522 

4,456 

761 



517,039 



21,280 
3,71A 

377,427 

635 

137,784 

239,008 

200,120 

2,958 

31,567 

165,595 

141,542 

398 

7,854 

133,290 

8,392 

3,8U 

4,578 

4,760 

2,352 

2,408 

254 



310,300 



1,000 
dollars 
3,846 
635 

117,563 

187 

44,167 

73,209 

38,633 

728 

6,639 

31,266 

30,402 

133 

2,061 

28,208 

2,174 

965 

1,209 

844 

478 

366 

278 



15,872 



1,000 Ib- 
1,000 Ib- 
1,000 Ib- 



1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 



1,000 gal- 



1,000 gal- 

1,000 gal- 

1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 



1,000 tons 
1,000 tons 
1,000 tons 



24,669 

21,473 

470,897 



962 
27,579 



92,834 



82,004 

10,830 

18,980 
62,564 
29,997 



1,221 

684 

28 



25,984 

10,209 
274,107 



585 
27,326 



87,284 



77,378 

9,906 

11,676 
61,382 
23,249 



515 

525 

28 



802 

462 

14,608 



236 
5,763 



19,294 



16,264 

3,030 

2,067 
10,596 
4,883 



18,098 

20,513 

1,155 



^ Unit value per gallon, pound, or ton, as specified. 

Includes data for benzene produced from imported crude light oil. 
■' Includes data for material produced for use in blending motor fuels. 

* Statistics represent combined data for the 3 commercial grades of naphthalene. Because of conversion of naphtha- 
lene from one grade to another, the figures may include some duplication. 

Statistics include data only for creosote oil sold for, or used in, wood preserving. In 1960, production of cre- 
osote in coal-tar solution (100^6 solution basis) amounted to 15,889 thousand gallons; sales were 15,873 thousand 
gallons, valued at 3,030 thousand dollars, with a unit value of $0.19 per gallon. 

* Includes data for shingle-stain oil and neutral oils produced by tar distillers, and for crude sodium phenolate 
produced by coke-oven operators. 

' Includes data for tar used for paint, pipe covering, saturating, and other uses. 

Note. --Statistics for materials produced in coke and gas-retort ovens are ooii?)iled by the Division of Bituminous 
Coal, U.S. Bureau of Mines, Department of the Interior. Statistics for materials produced in tar and petroleum re- 
fineries are con^jiled by the U.S. Tariff Commission. 



4 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 

Some of the products included in the statistics in table 4A are derived fronn other products 
for which data are also included in the table. The statistics, therefore, involve considerable 
duplication, and for this reason no group totals or grand totals are given. After duplication has 
been eliminated insofar as possible, it is estimated that the net value of production of these 
products and of tar burned as fuel was $413 million in I960, compared with $360 million in 1959 
and $343 million in 1958. 



Crude Products From Petroleimi and Natural Gas for Chemical Conversion 

Crude products that are derived from petroleum and natural gas are related to the inter- 
mediates and finished products made from such crudes in much the same way that crude prod- 
ucts derived fronn the distillation of coal tar are related to their intermediates and finished 
products. Many of the crude products derived from petroleum are identical with those derived 
from coal tar (e.g., benzene, toluene, and xylene). Considerable duplication exists in the sta- 
tistics on the production and sales of petroleum crudes because some of these crude chemicals 
are converted to other crude products derived from petroleum and because data on some produc- 
tion and sales are reported at successive stages in the conversion processes (see table 5A^). 
Notwithstanding these duplications, the statistics are sufficiently accurate to indicate trends in 
the industry and to serve as a basis for general comparison. Many of the crude products for 
which data are included in the statistics may be used either as fuel or as basic materials fronn 
which to derive other chemicals, depending on prevailing economic conditions. In this report, 
every effort has been made to exclude data on materials that are used as fuels. However, data 
are included on toluene and xylene which are not used directly as fuel but in blending aviation 
and motor-grade gasolines. 

TABLE 5A. — Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion: U.S. production 

and sales, 1960 

[Listed below are the crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which any reported 
data on production or sales may be published. Table 5B in pt. Ill lists separately all products from petroleum and 
natural gas for chemical conversion for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manu- 
facturer of each] 



Production 



Quantity 



Value Unit value^ 



Grand total 

ARCMATICS AND NAPHTHENES^ 
Total 

Alkyl aromatics, distillates, and solvents- 
Benzene (1° and 2°), total 

Benzene, 1° 

Benzene, 2° 

Cresylio acid, crude 

Naphthenic acids, total 

Acid No. 150-199 

Acid No. 225-2'i9 

All other 

Toluene, all grades, total 

Nitration grade, 1° 

Pure commercial grade, 2° 

All other 

Xylenes, mixed, total 

3° and 5° — 

All other^ 

All other aromatics and naphthenes* 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 

pounds 

26,147,216 



1,000 
pounds 
17,674,010 



1,000 
dollars 
648, 256 



pound 

$0,037 



7,587,291 



5,456,782 



155,112 



1,502,155 
2,266,509 



1,440,191 
826,318 



36,442 
23,801 



1,483,220 
1,751,929 



4,007 

5,546 

14,248 



1,331,231 
420,698 



17,536 
13,947 



19,066 
73,209 



1,229,765 
255,268 
258,127 

1,975,662 



3,586 
5,117 
5,244 

1,198,908 



58,261 
14,948 



1,634 



965,628 
1,010,034 



1,107,358 
58,666 
32,884 

961,021 



TSO" 
593 
661 

31,266 



.042 
.044 
.036 



.117 
.106 
.116 
.126 



29,066 

1,301 

899 

28,208 



493,329 
467,692 



30,221 



14,628 
13,580 



1,306 



.026 
.026 
.022 
.027 



.029 
.030 
.029 



'See al3o uble SB, pt. m, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufactuiers. 



CRUDE PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS 



TABLE 5A. --Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion: U.S. production 

and sales, 1960 — Continued 



Quantity 



Value Unit value''- 



ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS 

Total 

C2 hydrocarbons, total 

Ethane 

Ethylene 

C3 hydrocarbons, total 

Propane 

Propylene 

C^ hydrocarbons, total 

1,3-Butadiene, grade for rubbers (elastomers)' 

Butadiene and butylene fractions 

n-Butane 

1-Butene and 2-butene mixture* 

Isobutane 

Isobutylene 

All other'' 

Cj hydrocarbons^ 

All other aliphatic hydrocarbons and derivatives, total- 

Diisobutylene (Diisobutene) 

1-Dodeoene (Tetrapropylene) 

Polybutene' 

Hydrocarbon derivatives'- ° 

All other'-'- - 



1,000 
pounds 
18,559,925 



12,217,228 



1,000 
dollars 
493,144 



pound 

$0,040 



6,182,037 



733,943 
5,448,094 



5,413,866 



3,490,473 



2,936,919 
2,476,947 



4,772,459 



238,660 
3,251,813 



4,099,504 



164,674 



2,398 
162,276 



84,760 



1,883,151 
499, 096 
507, 677 

1,190,960 

249,056 

348,456 

94,063 

88,480 

2,103,083 



2,734,682 
1,364,822 



2,962,174 



31,236 
53,524 



188,943 



.010 
.050 



.021 
.011 
.039 



1,074,076 
78,035 
344,678 
941,352 
237,710 
212,086 
74,237 

71,767 

1,593,310 



138,220 
2,101 
4,771 
30,664 
4,045 
6,899 
2,243 

3,276 

51,491 



.064 
.129 
.027 
.014 
.033 
.017 
.033 
.030 

.046 

.033 



34,640 

412,331 

70,679 

12,720 

1,572,713 



29,693 

255,719 

65,929 

10,136 

1,231,833 



1,889 
8,363 
5,075 
3,482 
32,682 



.064 
.033 
.077 
.344 
.027 



'- Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ The chemical raw materials designated as aromatics are in some cases identical with those obtained from the dis- 
tillation of coal tar. However, the statistics given in the table above relate only to such materials as are derived 
from petroleum and natural gas. Statistics on aromatic chemicals from all sources are given in table 4A. 

^ Includes xylene used as a solvent, as well as that which is blended in aviation and motor gasolines. 

* Includes data for 90-percent benzene, sodium cresylate, l,4-me-thano-2,5-cyclopentadiene, mixed pyridines, sodium 
carbolate and phenate, and miscellaneous cyclic hydrocarbons. 

' In 1960 all butadiene was produced in privately owned plants. For some years prior to 1956, separate statistics 
are available on butadiene production for private account and for Government account. 

* The statistics represent principally the butene content of crude refinery gases from which bu-tadlene is manu- 
factured. 

' Includes data for l-butene, 2-butene, n-butylene, and mixed olefins. 

* Includes data for isoprene, pentanes, pentenes, and mixtures. 
' Includes compounds having a molecular weight of 3,000 or less. 

^° Includes data for di-tert-butyldisulfide, miscellaneous mercaptans, and aliphatic acids. 

^^ Includes data for methane, acetylene, propane-propylene mixture, hexanes. heptanes and heptenes, octanes, 
eicosane, nonene, and hydrocarbon mixtures. The total production of acetylene for chemical processing from all 
sources in 1960, as reported by the U.S. Bureau of the Census, amounted to 712,805 thousand pounds (acetylene pro- 
duction figures converted from cubic feet to pounds as follows: 1 cu. ft. weighs 0.0689',' lb. at 60 F. and 1 atmos- 
phere pressure). 



The output of crude products derived from petroleum and natural gas as a group amounted 
to 26, 147 million pounds in 1960, or 7. 1 percent more than the 24,422 nnillion pounds reported 
for 1959. The larger output in 1960 is accounted for chiefly b-y increased production of benzene, 
ethylene, propylene, and xylene. Sales of crude chemicals from petroleum in 1960 were 17,674 
million pounds, valued at $648 million, compared -with 16, 599 million pounds, valued at $583 
million, in 1959. 



6 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I960 

The output of all aromatic and naphthenic products amounted to 7, 587 million pounds in 
I960, connpared with 6,750 million pounds in 1959. Sales in I960, which amounted to 5,457 mil- 
lion pounds, valued at $155 nnillion, were 543 nnillion pounds larger, and valued at $22 million 
more, than those in 1959. Benzene and xylene were produced from petroleum sources in sub- 
stantially greater quantities in I960 than in 1959, and production of naphthenic acids was 19.9 
percent larger. The output of 1° and 2° benzene from petroleum amounted to 2, 267 million pounds 
in 1960--48. 1 percent more than the 1, 530 million pounds produced in 1959. The output of toluene 
in I960 was 1, 743 million pounds--4. 1 percent less than the 1, 817 million pounds produced in 
1959. Production of xylene was 1,976 million pounds in I960, compared with 1,683 million pounds 
in 1959. These figures include toluene and xylene used in blends in aviation and motor-grade 
gasolines. The output of naphthenic acids amounted to 24 million pounds in I960, compared with 
20 million pounds in 1959. Production of cresylic acid in 1960--36 million pounds--was 3.8 per- 
cent less than in 1959. 

Production of all aliphatic hydrocarbons and derivatives from petroleum and natural gas was 
18,560 million pounds in I960, compared with 17, 672 million pounds in 1959. Sales of these 
products were 12,217 million poiinds, valued at $493 million, in I960, connpared with 11,685 
million pounds, valued at $450 million, in 1959. The statistics on production and sales of acety- 
lene (footnote 11, table 5A) include only acetylene produced from calcium carbide and from 
natural gas and used as a raw material in the production of other chemicals; they exclude acety- 
lene used for welding and cutting. Total production of acetylene (principally from calcium car- 
bide), as reported to the U.S. Bureau of the Census, amounted to 713 million pounds in I960, 
compared with 708 million pounds in 1959 (see footnote 11, table 5A, for conversion factor). 
Production of ethylene was 5,448 million pounds in I960, or 6. 8 percent more than the 5, 099 
million pounds produced in 1959. The output of propane and propylene was 5,414 million pounds 
in 1960--5.6 percent more than the 5, 125 million pounds produced in 1959. Production of 
1, 3 -butadiene, one of the principal ingredients of S- type synthetic rubber, was 1,883 million 
pounds in I960, compared with 1, 816 million pounds in 1959. The output of 1, 3-butadiene in 
1960--the largest on record--was 3. 7 percent more than that in 1959. 



PART II . PRODUCTION AND SALES OF INTERMEDIATES AND 
FINISHED SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, BY GROUPS 



General 



On the basis of their principal uses, the synthetic organic chemicals covered in this report 
are classified either as intermediates or as finished products. Finished products, in turn, are 
grouped as follows: Dyes, toners and lakes, nnedicinal chennicals, flavor and perfume materials, 
plastics and resin materials, rubber-processing chemicals, elastomers (synthetic rubbers), 
plasticizers, surface-active agents, pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals, and 
miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals. Most of these groups are further subdivided, ac- 
cording to chemical classes, into cyclic and acyclic compounds. As most of the intermediates 
are used in the manufacture of finished products, aggregate figures that cover both inter- 
mediates and finished products necessarily include much duplication. 

Total production of synthetic organic chemicals (intermediates and finished products com- 
bined) in i960 was 53, 952 million pounds, or 7. 2 percent more than the output of 50, 315 million 
pounds in 1959 (see table 6). Sales totaled 28,760 million pounds, valued at $6,662 nnillion, in 
1960, compared with 27, 524 million pounds, valued at $6,498 million, in 1959. Production of 
all cyclic products (intermediates and finished products combined) in I960 totaled 17, 818 million 
pounds, or 8. 8 percent more than the 16, 372 million pounds produced in 1959. In I960 the output 
of acyclic organic chemicals was 36, 134 million pounds, or 6.5 percent more than the 33,943 
million pounds produced in 1959. 



TABLE 6. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of U.S. production and sales of intermediates and finished 
products, average 1950-54, annual 1959 and 1960 

[production and sales In' thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollEirs] 



Average 
1950-5-; 



Increase, or 
decrease (-) 



1960 
over 
1950-5A 



1960 
over 
1959 



Organic chemicals, cyclic and acyclic, 
grand total: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

cyclic, total: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic, total: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

i. Intermediatts, Cyclic 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

2. Dyes, Cyclic 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

3. Toners and Lakes, Cyclic 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



26,708,705 

U, 490, 020 

3,692,368 



8,727,657 
5,552,600 
1,9U,275 



17,981,048 
8,937,420 
1,778,093 



4,281,640 

1,699,407 

305,623 



167,359 
157,224 
173,198 



43,501 
38,197 
53,144 



50,314,692 

27,524,428 

6,498,314 



16,372,032 
10,245,044 
3,111,095 



33,942,660 
17,279,384 
3,387,219 



8,459,308 

3,511,311 

555,695 



169,503 
158,939 
205,873 



42,675 
33,309 
65,634 



53,952,190 

28,760,172 

6,662,095 



17,817,908 
10,734,631 
3,236,796 



36,134,282 
18,025,541 
3,425,299 



9,602,147 

3,964,213 

622,414 



155,896 
147,738 
192,107 



40,238 
32,687 
64,264 



102.0 
98.5 
80.4 



104.2 
93.3 
69.1 



101.0 
101.7 
92.6 



124.3 
133.3 
103.7 



-6.8 
-6.0 
10.9 



-7.5 
-14.4 
20.9 



6.5 
4.3 
1.1 



13.5 
12.9 
12.0 



-8.0 
-7.0 
-6.7 



-5.7 
-1.9 
-2.1 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 

TABLE 6. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of U.S. production and sales of intermediates and finished 
products, average 1950-54, annual 1959 and 1960 — Continued 

[production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value In thousands of dollars] 



Average 
1950-5-4 




Increase, or 
decrease (-) 



1960 
over 
1950-54 



i. Medicinal Chemicals 

Qyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

5. Flavor and Perfume Materials 

Qjrclic ; 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

6. Plastics and Resin Materials 

Cyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

7. Rubber-Processing Chemicals 

Cyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

8. Elastomers (Synthetic Rubbers) 

Cyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

9. Plasticizers 

Cyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



51,761 
41,915 
398,867 

12,670 
10,294 
26,091 



18,689 
15,936 
22,854 

12,312 
11,881 
19,556 



1,450,115 

1,194,058 

323,776 

1,055,800 
968,602 
416,943 



110,695 
82,154 
43,607 

20,301 
16,734 
12,064 



1,228,997 

1,243,149 

288,960 

461,334 
451,966 
177,098 



206,042 

159,831 

54,381 

71,021 
56,523 
23,557 



73,180 
57,526 
548,234 

33,417 
29,776 
33,976 



29,684 
24,251 
34,489 

20,624 
21,147 
22,147 



2,646,178 

2,200,013 

605,881 

3,218,709 
2,970,389 
1,034,174 



177, 722 
134,329 
85,815 

32,492 
24,673 
16,063 



2,212,757 

2,006,179 

463,117 

612,582 
594,450 
230,022 



403,114 

361,742 

98,306 

135,720 
114,687 
43,765 



76,519 
55,042 
521,486 

37,299 
32,897 
35,4^5 



33,027 
25,781 
37,393 

22,261 
21,280 
22,710 



2,716,094 

2,227,866 

627,516 

3,426,555 
3,118,928 
1,025,272 



170,465 
130,155 
84,563 

29,294 
22,381 
16,475 



2,283,190 

1,949,089 

469,258 

669,200 
601,618 
229,163 



444,744 
384,094 
103,308 

157,391 
116,188 
45,296 



Percent 

47.8 
31.3 
30.7 

194.4 
219.6 
35.9 



76.7 
^1.8 
63.6 

80.8 
79.1 



224.5 
222.0 
145.9 



54.0 
58.4 
93.9 

44.3 
33.7 
36.6 



85.8 
56.8 
62.4 

45.1 
33.1 
29.4 



115.9 
140.3 
90.0 

121.6 
105.6 
92.3 



GENERAL 



TABLE 6. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of U.S. production and sales of intermediates and finished 
products, average 1950-54, annual 1959 and 1960 — Continued 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



Average 
1950-54 



Increase, or 
decrease (-) 



1960 
over 
1950-54 



1960 
over 
1959 



10. Surfac 

CJrclio : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic ; 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



11. Pesticides and Othe 
Organic Agricultural Chemi 

Cyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

i2. Miscellaneous 

cyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



510,747 

418,230 

76,622 

300,822 

262,223 

65,955 



336,457 
277,501 
103,029 

52,022 
45,721 
17,794 



321,654 

224,998 

70,214 

15,994,766 
7,113,476 
1,019,035 



936,063 
895,229 
139,348 

567,996 
476,948 
131,774 



468,833 
409,580 
172,492 

116,613 
93,272 
52,977 



753,015 
452,636 
136,211 

29,204,507 

12,954,042 

1,822,321 



977,197 
927,300 
146,960 

555,030 
472, 120 
131,186 



525,485 
455,377 
202,870 

122,310 

115,020 

58,919 



792,906 
435,289 
164,657 

31,114,942 

13,525,109 

1,860,833 



Percent 

91.3 
121.7 
91.8 

84.5 
80.0 
98.9 



135. 
151. 
231. 



146. 

93. 

134. 

94. 
90. 
82. 



4.4 
3.6 
5.5 

-2.3 

-1.0 

-.4 



12.1 
11.2 
17.6 



23.3 
11.2 



5.3 
-3.8 
20.9 

6.5 
4.4 



The following tabulation shows, by chemical groups, the number of companies that reported 
production in I960 of one or more of the chemicals included in the groups listed in table 6: 



Kimber 

of . 
Chemical group companies 

Intermediates - 163 

Dyes - 51 

Toners and lakes - 42 

Medicinal chemicals -- 117 

Flavor and perfume materials - - 48 

Plastics and resin materials — - 258 



Itunber 
of 
Chemical group companies 

Rubber-processing chemicals 31 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) 22 

Plasticizers 55 

Surface -active agents -- 154 

Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals 82 

Miscellaneous chemicals 287 



608094 O -61 



)0 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 

Cyclic Intermediates 

Cyclic intermediates are synthetic organic chemicals derived principally from coal-tar 
crudes produced by destructive distillation (pyrolysis) of coal and from petroleum and natural 
gas. Most cyclic intermediates are used in the manufacture of more advanced synthetic organic 
chemicals and finished products, such as dyes, medicinal chemicals, elastomers (synthetic 
rubbers), pesticides, and plastics and resin materials. Some intermediates, however, are sold 
as end products without further processing. For example, refined naphthalene may be used as a 
raw material in the manufacture of 2-naphthol or of other more advanced intermediates, or it 
may be packaged and sold as a moth repellent or as a deodorant. In general, the way in which 
the greater part of the output of a given chemical is consumed determines its use classification 
in this report. Table 7A' gives statistics on production and sales of cyclic intermediates in I960. 
Individual statistics given in the table represent more than 80 percent of the total quantity of in- 
termediates produced. Since nnany of the intermediates included in the statistics represent suc- 
cessive steps in production, the totals necessarily include considerable duplication. In I960 about 
two-fifths of the total output of cyclic intermediates was sold; the rest was consumed chiefly by 
the producing plants in the manufacture of more advanced intermediates and finished products. 

Total production of cyclic intermediates in 1960--9, 602 million pounds--was the largest on 
record, and was 13.5 percent larger than the output of 8, 459 million pounds reported for 1959. 
The larger output of cyclic intermediates in 1960 was attributable to increased demand by a 
number of industries that consume large quantities of intermediates, particularly those industries 
that produce elastomers and plasticizers. Sales of cyclic intermediates in 1960 amounted to 
3,964 million pounds, valued at $622 million, compared with 3, 511 million pounds, valued at 
$556 million, in 1959. In terms of quantity, sales of cyclic intermediates in I960 were 12.9 per- 
cent larger than those in 1959 and, in terms of value, 12. percent larger. 

TABLE 7A. — Cyclic intermediates: U.S. production and sales, 1960 

[Listed below are all cyclic intermediates for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 

(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were 
reported.) Table 7B in pt. Ill lists alphabetically all cyclic intemiediates for which data on production or sales 
were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each. Appendix C lists alphabetically all the important common 
names of cyclic intermediates usually encountered in the trade and gives the corresponding standard (Chemical Abstracts) 
name under which data are presented in tables 7A and 7B] 



Qaantity 



Unit 
value'' 



Total 

Acetanilide, tech 

W -Aminoacetanilide ( Acetyl -p-phenylenediamine) 

5-Amlno-2-(p-aminoanilino)benzenesulfonic acid 

1-Aminoanthraquinone and salt 

2-Aminoanthraquinone and salt 

6-Amino-3,4 '-azodi(benzenesulfonic acid) 

l-Amino-A-benzamidoanthraquinone 

l-Amino-4-bromo-2-anthraquinonesulfonic acid and sodium salt 

l-Amlno-S-chloroanthraquinone 

l-Amino-5Cand 8)-chloroanthraqiiinone 

2-Amlno-3-ohloroanthraqulnone 

o-(3-Amlno-'4-ohlorobenzoyl)benzoio acid 

6-Amino-4-chloro-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid 

2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

<4 '-Amino-2 ',5 '-diethoxybenzanilide 

4'-Aniino-N-methylacetanlllde 

2-Amlno-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

6-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonio acid (Amino I acid) 



1,000 
pounds 

9,602,U7 



1,000 

pounds 

3, 964, 213 



1.000 
dollars 
622,414 



pound 



2,321 

218 

22 

1,129 

522 

31 

78 

170 

112 

15 

39 

lU 

18 

1,150 

29 

10 

29 

839 



1,792 



3.01 
1.71 



See footnotes at end of table. 



'See also table 7B, pt. Ill, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers; appendix A, which shows imports 
of intermediates and related {zoducts during 1958-60; and appendix C, which is a glossary of synonymous names of cyclic intermediates. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 
TABLE 7A. — Cyclic intermediates: U.S. production and sales, 1960 — Continued 



Chemical 



2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Tobias acid) 

S-Amino-X-naphthalenesulfonie acid (Laurent's acid) --- 

5-Ami' no-2-naphthalenesulf onie acid (1,6-Cleve's acid) 

5(and 8)-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Cleve's acid, mixed)— 

6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Broenner's acid) 

8-Amino-l-naphthalenesuironic acid (Peri acid) 

8-Amino-2-naphthalenesuLfonlo acid (1,7-Cleve's acid) 

8-Amino-2-naphthol 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid (H acid), monosodium salt-' 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonic acid (Chicago acid) (2S acid), 

monosodium salt 

l-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid (1,2,'i-acid) 

6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonlc acid (J acid), sodium salt 

7-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Gamma acid), sodium salt 

2-Araino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonio acid [S03H=1] 

2-Amino-<i-nitrophenol 

2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulfonamide 

2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulfonio acid 

p-(p-Aminophenylazo)benzenesulfonic acid 

4-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

2-Amino-3,5-xylenesulfonic acid [SOjHsl] 

Aniline (Aniline oil) 

Anilinomethanesulfonio acid and salt 

8-Anillno-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Phenyl peri acid) 

6-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-suLfonic acid (Phenyl J acid) 

7-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Phenyl gamma acid) 

o-Anisidine 

o-Anisidinomethanesulfonic acid 

Anthranilic acid (o-Aminobenzoic acid) 

Anthra[l,9]pyrazol-6(2H)-one (Pyrazolanthrone) 

Anthraquinone, 100 ^o 

1,5-Anthraquinonedisulfonic acid 

1,8-Anthraquinonedisulfonic acid, potassium salt 

2,6-Anthraquinonedisulfonic acid and salt 

l-Anthraquinonesulfonic acid and salt 

N,N -(1,5-Anthraquinonylene)diantkranilio acid 

Anthrarufin (1,5-Dlhydroxyanthraquinone) 

Benzaldehyde, tech 

l-Benzamido-5-chloro anthraquinone 

7H-Benz[de] anthracen-7-one (Benzanthrone) 

Benzidine hydrochloride and sulfate 

Benzoic acid, tech 

o-Benzoylbenzoic acid 

[3,3'-Bianthra[l,9]pyrazole]-6,6'(2H, 2'H)-dione (Pyrazoleanthrone- 

yellow) 

[A, it' -Bi-7H-benz[de]anthracen]-7,7'-dione 

l,'4-Bis[l-anthraquinonylamino]anthraquinone 

•4,4'-Bis[diethylamino]benzophenone (Ethyl ketone base) 

4,4'-Bis[diraethylamlno)benzophenone (Miohler's ketone) 

3-Bromo-7H-benz [de] anthracen-7-one (Bromobenzanthrone) 

m-Chloroaniline and hydrochloride 

o-Chloro aniline 

1-Chloro anthraquinone 

2-Chloro anthraquinone 

o-Chlorobenzaldehyde 

Chlorobenzene, mono 

o-(p-Chlorobenzoyl)benzoio acid 

5-Chloro-2,4-dimethoxy aniline 

l-Chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (Dinltrochlorobenzene) 

l-Chioro-2-raethylanthraquinone 

2-Chloro-'i-nitroanlline (o-Chloro-p-nitroaniline) 

4-Chloro-2-nitroaniline (p-Chloro-o-nitroaniline) 

l-Chloro-5-nitroanthraquinone 

l-Chloro-2-nitrobenzene (Chloro-o-nitrobenzene) 

l-Chloro-2(and 4 ) -nitrobenzene (Chloronitrobenzenes, o- and p-) — 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Production 



3,517 

43 

196 

393 

70 

252 

349 

95 

2,798 

55 

1,176 

503 

753 

59 

76 

32 

49 

124 

204 

75 

120,243 

158 

175 

30 

22 

1,299 

122 

579 

23 

4,434 

760 

348 

268 

2,571 

41 

171 

2,180 

105 

1,283 

1,208 

5,258 

23 

327 
109 
97 
121 
196 
1,435 

249 

438 

309 

605,312 

1,130 

38 

5,324 

128 

361 

312 

111 

24,540 

10,037 



Sales 



1,000 



1,430 



I . OLIO 
dollars 



1,045 
50 



.63 
1.06 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 
TABLE 7A, — Cyclic intermediates: U.S. production and sales, i960- -Continued 



Chemical 



Production 



Quantity 



■i-Chloro-S-nitrobenzenesulfonainide 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid and sodium salt 

"i-Chloro-S-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

"4- Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

o-('i-Chloro-3-nitrobenzoyl)benzoic acid 

2-Chloroquinizarin 

a -Chlorotoluene (Benzyl chloride) 

■i-Chloro-o-toluidlne [MH2=1] and hydrochloride 

5-Chloro-o-toluidlne [NH2=1] and hydrochloride 

Cresols, total^ 

o- and p-Cresols 

(m,p)-Cresol, total 

From coal tar 

From petroleum ■ 

(o,m,p)-Cresol-' 

Cresylic acid, refined, total^ 

From coal tar 

From petroleum 

Cumene 

Cyclohexane 

Cyclohexanol 

Cyclohexylamine 

p-Cymene 

1,4-Diaminoanthraquinone 

1,5-Diaminoanthraquinone 

2,6-Diaminoanthraquinone 

2,'4-Diaminobenzenesulfonio acid [S03H=1] 

4-,'4'-Diamino-2,2 '-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

'4,6-Diamino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [SC^H=1] 

A-,5 '-Dibenzamido-l,l'-iminodlanthraquinone 

1,5-Dibenzoylnaphthalene 

3 , 9-Dibromo-7H-benz [ de ] anthracen-7-one 

2,5-DichloroanlHne and hydrochloride [NH2=1] 

1,5-Dichloroanthraquinone 

1,8-Dichloroanthraquinone 

o-Dichlorobenzene 

o(and p ) -Dichlorobenzene 

p-Dichlorobenzene 

3,3 '-Dichlorobenzidine base and salts 

2,5-Diohloro-4-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonio acid 

2, 6-Dlchloro-'«-nitro aniline 

l,'i-Diohloro-2-nitrobenzene (Nitro-p-dichlorobenzene) 

p-Diethylaminobenz aldehyde 

m-Diethylaminophenol (N,N-Diethyl-3-aminophenol) 

N,N-Diethylaniline 

'i,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Chromotropio acid) 

6,7-Dihydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

16,17-Dihydroxyviolanthrone (Dihydroxydibenzanthrone) 

m-Dimethoxybenzene 

3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine 

16,17-Dimethoxyviolanthrone 

N,N-Dimethylaniline 

N,N-Dimethylbenzylamine 

2, 2 '-Dimethyl- l,l'-bianthraquinone 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-nitrosoaniline 

2,4-Dinitrophenol, tech 

"4,4' -Dinitro-2, 2 '-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

l,'i-Di(p-toluidino)anthraquinone 

Dodecylbenzene* 

N-Ethylaniline, refined 



1.000 
pounds 

167 

127 

163 

177 

157 

26 

21,-^2 

34 

220 

67,459 



21,194 
28,384 
10,186 
18,198 
17,881 

55,712 



27,786 
27,926 

218,693 
563,796 

4,512 

102 

210 

162 

47 

1,266 

11 

231 

205 

237 

206 

120 

144 

24,678 

18,433 

63,973 

1,773 

103 

41 



206 

1,233 

63 

353 

227 

277 

448 

130 

8,013 

28 

86 

41 

831 

1,967 

71 

491,732 

670 



6,120 



58,999 



19,136 

22,572 

9,351 

13,221 

17,291 

34,975 



1.000 
dollars 



1,206 



11,223 



6,131 
2,889 
1,195 
1,694 
2,203 

3,992 



20,153 
14,822 



2,498 
1,494 



1,344 
864 
192 



2,242 

1,009 
5,725 
1,999 



483 
960 



1,181 
19 



42,779 



See footnotes at end of table. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 
TABLE 1 A. —Cyclic intermediates: U.S. production and sales, 1960— Continued 



a-(N-Ethylaiiillno)-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

Ethylbenzene 

N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamine 

o-Fonnylbenzenesulfonio acid (o-Sulfobenzaldehyde) 

Hexaohlorobenzene 

p-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonlo acid 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthole acid (B.O.N. ) 

N-(7-Hydroxy-l-naphthyl)acetamide 

1,1 -Tmlnobis [■t-amlnoanthraquinone] 

l,l'-Imlnobls[5-benzamdoanthraquinone] 

6,6' -Iminobls [l-naphthol-3-suJ.foiiic acid ] 

1,1' -Tmi nobis ['t-nitroanthraquinone ] 

1,1' -Iminodlanthraquinone (Dianthrimide) 

Isocyanic acid, ^-methyl-m-phenylene ester 

-ijA.' -Isopropylidenediphenol (Bisphenol A) 

Isoviolanthrone ( Isodibenzanthrone ) 

Leuco-l,<+-diaininoanthraquinone 

Leuco quinizarin (1,4,9,10-Anthratetrol) 

Leuoo tetrahydroxyanthraquinone 

Metanilio acid (m-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid) 

4-Methoxymetanillc acid 

l-Methylamlnoanthraquinone 

3-Methylbenzo[f ]quinollne 

<♦,"*' -Methylenebls[N,N-diethylaniline] (Methane base) 

4,4' -Methylenebis [N,N-dimethylaniline] 

2-Methyl-l-nitroanthraquinone 

p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyTazolin-l-yl)benzenesuLfonio acid 

3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyTazolln-5-one (Developer Z) 

oi-Methylstyrene 

Naphthalene, solidifying at 79° C, or above (refined flake), total. 

From domestic crude naphthalene 

From imported crude naphthalene 

1,5-Naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

2-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid (R acid) and disodium salt 

2-Naphthol-6,8-disulfonic acid (G acid) and disodium salt 

2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid (Sohaeffer's acid) 

2- (Naphthylthio) acetic acid 

m-Nitro aniline 

4-Nitro-o-anlsidine [ NH2=l] 

5-Nitro-o-anisidine [NH2=1] 

l-Nitro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid 

5-Nltro-l-anthraquinonesulfonic acid 

Nitrobenzene 

m-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid and sodium salt 

3-Nltro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [SO3H4I 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

4-Nltro-o-toluidine [NH2=1] 

5-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH2=1] 

2-Nitro-p-toluidine [NH2=1] 

16-Nitroviolanthrone 

Nonylphenol 

l-(7-0xo-7H-benz [de] anthraoen-3-ylamlno)anthraquiiione 

l,l'-(7-0xo-7H-benz[de] anthraoen-3,9-ylenediimino)dianthraquinone— 

Phenol, total^ - 

Natural, total 

From coal tar, total 

825t-8456 - — 

Other 

From petroleum 

Synthetic, total 

From oumene 

Other synthetic 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1.000 
pounds 

645 

1,660,925 

723 

195 

438 

182 

2,771 

12 

217 

79 

12 

162 

179 

43,339 

50,494 

48 

260 

77 

41 

775 

7 

44 

30 

21 

553 

116 

78 

385 

19,658 

62,136 



Quantity 



40,822 
21,314 

27 

573 

1,221 

401 

77 

105 

91 

325 

41 

130 

162,308 

2,519 

90 

3,399 

12 

165 

1,291 

49 

40,752 

225 

337 

772,706 



42,052 

30,527 

3,402 

27,125 

11,525 

730,654 

173,173 

557,481 



53,357 



41,102 
28,201 



1,000 
dollars 



3,420 



29,027 
7,643 



264 
4,576 



10,499 



144 
18 



6,171 
1,388 



603 
13,159 



423,657 



41,554 

31,395 

4,888 

26,507 

10,159 

382,103 

116,940 

265, 163 



Unit 
value^ 



464 
426 



1,370 



656 
588 



752 
2,755 



60,572 



5,762 

4,238 

662 

3,576 

1,524 

54,810 

16,675 

38,135 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 
TABLE 7A.. — Cyclic intermediates: U.S. production and sales, 1960 — Continued 



Chemloal 



Production 



(Jiantity 



Unit 
value-"- 



l-Phenol-A-sulfonic acid 

Phenylacetic acid, potassium salt 

Phenylacetonitrile (a-Tolunitrile) 

p-Phenylazoanillne (p-Aminoazobenzene) and hydrochloride- 

m-Phenylenediamine 

o-Phenylenediamine 

p-Phenylenediamine 

Phthalic anhydride 

Picolines, total^ 

2-Piooline (a-Picoline) 

All other 



1.000 

pounds 

5,950 

983 

1,641 

125 

836 

483 
<i01,143 

2,414 



Piperidlne — 
2 Pyridine* - 



-anthraquinonylamino Janthraquinone 



Quinaldine- 

(Jiinizarln 

Sallcylanilide 

Salicylic acid, tech 

Styrene, all grades 

Terephthalic acid, dimethyl ester- 
1,4,5,8-Tetrachloroanthraquinone — 
1,4,5,8-Tetrakis [l' ,1" ,1"' ,1"" 

(Pentanthramlde) 

3,3'-Thiobis[7H-tenz [de]anthracen-7-one] 

o-Tolidlne 

Toluene-2,4-diamlne (4-m-Tolylenediamine) 

o-(p-Toluoyl)benzoic acid 

2,2'-(m-Tolyllmlno)diethanol 

6,6 -Ureylenebls [l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid] (J acid urea)- 

Violanthrone (Dibenzanthrone) 

o-Xylene 



p-Xylene 

All other cyclic intermediates- 



1,435 
979 



2,359 

12 

1,116 

108 

21,801 

1,744,620 

52 

58 

60 

202 

800 

331 

37 

302 

376 

138,724 

210,439 

1,875,167 



1,000 
pounds 
5,123 
1,010 
554 



120 

446 

274,735 

1,825 



766 
1,059 



228 
2,373 



3,918 

1,041,951 

62,119 



1,000 
dollars 

754 
387 
336 



173 

667 

48,225 

1,044 



304 
740 



572 
1,596 



1,494 
118,773 
25,468 



96,524 
218,036 
911,268 



5,990 
29,897 
185,190 



3.15 
.38 



1.44 

1.50 

.18 



.38 
.11 
.41 



.06 
.U 
.20 



-'- Unit values calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Includes data for coke ovens and gas -retort ovens, reported to the Division of Bituminous Coal, U.S. Bureau of 
Mines, Department of the Interior, and for tar and petroleum refineries and other producers, reported to the U.S. 
Tariff Commission. 

^ Includes some mixed cresols. Figures include (o,m,p)-cresol from coal tar and from petroleum. 

* Includes keryl-type benzenes. 

^ Includes data for coke ovens and gas-retort ovens, reported to the Division of Bituminous Coal, U.S. Bureau of 
Mines, Department of the Interior, and for tar refineries and other producers, reported to the U.S. Tariff Commis- 
sion. 

In I960, production of two of the largest volume intermediates exceeded 1 billion pounds 
for the fifth successive year. The output of styrene totaled 1,745 million pounds (11.0 percent 
more than in 1959) and that of ethylbenzene, 1, 661 million pounds (16. 8 percent more than in 
1959). Ethylbenzene is used almost entirely in the manufacture of styrene, which, in turn, is 
used almost entirely in the manufacture of plastics materials and synthetic rubber. Other 
large-volume intermediates, the output of which was substantially larger in I960 than in 1959, 
were cyclohexane (45.4 percent larger), phthalic anhydride (12. 1 percent), phenol (11.7 per- 
cent), and monochlorobenzene (7.7 percent). Production of dodecylbenzene in I960 was only 
slightly smaller than that in 1959. Statistics on the production of ortho-xylene were given sep- 
arately for the first time in the Commission's 1959 report. Production of ortho-xylene was 139 
million pounds in I960, compared with 62 million pounds in 1959, 



Dyes 

Dyes are synthetic organic chemicals derived from cyclic intermediates. About three - 
fourths of the dyes consumed in the United States are used by the textile industry to dye natural 
and synthetic fibers or fabrics; the rest are used chiefly by the industries that produce organic 
pigments, paper, and leather. Of the several thousand different synthetic dyes that are known, 



DYES 



15 



more than two thousand are manufactured by one or more domestic producers. The large num- 
ber of dyes results from the many different types of materials to which dyes are applied, the 
different conditions of service for which dyes are required, and the costs that a particular use 
can bear. Dyes are sold as pastes, powders, lumps, and solutions; concentrations vary from 6 
percent to 100 percent. The concentration, form, and purity of a dye is determined largely by 
the use for which it is intended. 

Table 8A^ shows U.S. production and sales of dyes in 1960, total and by individual dyes, 
using the new Colour Index classification and terminology, which was used for the first tinne in 
the 1958 report. Dyes for which individual statistics are given in the table represent 53 percent 
of the total quantity produced. 

Total domestic production of dyes in I960 amounted to 156 million pounds--8.0 percent less 
than the 170 million pounds produced in 1959, but 11.4 percent more than the 140 million pounds 
reported for 1958. Sales of dyes in I960 amounted to 148 million pounds, valued at $192 million, 
compared with 159 million pounds, valued at $206 million, in 1959. In terms of quantity, sales 
of dyes in I960 were 7. percent smaller than those in 1959, and in terms of value, 6. 7 percent 
smaller. 

For many important individual low- and mediiom-priced dyes for which statistics are given 
in table 8A, production was smaller in I960 than in 1959. The output of vat blue 1 (synthetic in- 
digo) was 7.7 million pounds in I960, or 12.9 percent less than the 8.9 million pounds produced 
in 1959; that of direct black 38 (direct black EW) was 5. 6 million pounds, or 5. 6 percent less 
than the 5.9 million pounds reported for 1959. Other important dyes the output of which was 

TABLE BA. --Coal-tar dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1960 

[Listed below are all coal-tar dyes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders 
are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were 
reported.) Table 8B in pt. Ill lists all dyes for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies 
the manufacturer of each] 



Dye 



Quantity 



Unit 
value""" 



Grand total 

ACID DYES 

Total- 

Acid yellow dyes, total 

Acid yellow 3 

Acid yellow 11 

Acid yellow 17 

Acid yellow 23 

Acid yellow 36 

Acid yellow AO 

Acid yellow 42 

Acid yellow 44 

Acid yellow 54 

Acid yellow 73 

Acid yellow 99 

All other 

Acid orange dyes, total 

Acid orange 1 

Acid orange 7 

Acid orange 8 

Acid orange 10 

Acid orange 24 

Acid orange 60 

Acid orange 74 

All other 

Acid red dyes, total 

Acid red 1 

Acid red 4 

Acid red 14 



1,000 
155,896 



1.000 
pounds 
147,738 



1,000 
dollars 
192,107 



14,306 



12,715 



24,185 



2,124 



38 

58 

225 

274 

263 

22 

44 

6 



40 
38 
198 
209 
215 
20 
25 
10 
67 
68 



1,911 



3,235 



768 
248 
296 
348 
25 



23 
707 
253 
275 
358 



240 
1,793 



135 

97 

442 

447 

307 

48 

45 

32 

1A3 

154 

150 

1,235 

2,493 



335 
54 



585 
241 
371 
511 

150 
582 

3,349 



346 
92 



$1.30 



1.90 



2.14 
3.38 
2.55 
2.23 
2.14 
1.43 
2.40 
1.80 
3.20 
2.13 
2.26 
2.14 
2.25 

1.30 

2.30 

.83 



2.73 
2.43 

1.87 
1.10 



See footnotes at end of table. 



' See also table 8B, pt. m, which Ujti these products and identifies the manufacturers, and appendix A (uble 24), which shows im- 
por« of dyes during 1958-60. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 
TABLE 8A. --Coal-tar dyes: U.S. production and sales, i960— Continued 



Dye 



Production 



Qjantity Value 



ACID DYES— Continued 

Acid red dyes — Continued 

Acid red 18 

Acid red 26 

Acid red 37 

Acid red 73 

Acid red 85 

Acid red 87 

Acid red 88 

Acid red 89 

Acid red 92 

Acid red 99 

Acid red 115 

Acid red 137 

Acid red 151 

Acid red 167 

Acid red 182 

Acid red 183 

Acid red 186 

All other 

Acid violet dyes, total 

Acid violet 1 

Acid violet 3 

Acid violet 7 

Acid violet 12 

Acid violet 17 

Acid violet O 

Acid violet 49 

All other 

Acid blue dyes, total 

Acid blue 7 

Acid blue 9 

Acid blue 22 

Acid blue 25 

Acid blue 4-0 

Acid blue 41 

Acid blue 43 

Acid blue 45 

Acid blue 59 

Acid blue 78 

Acid blue 90 

Acid blue 158 and 158A 

All other 

Acid green dyes, total 

Acid green 3 

Acid green 9 

Acid green 12 

Acid green 16 

Acid green 20 

Acid green 25 

Acid green 50 

All other 

Acid brown dyes, total 

Acid brown 14 

All other 

Acid black dyes, total 

Acid black 1 

Acid black 24 



[.000 
ounds 



117 
166 

37 
2U 

97 
386 
185 



22 
399 



53 
113 



34 
25 
43 

91 

2,503 



599 

46 
39 



13 
588 



204 
922 



32 
53 
154 



231 
336 





1,000 




dollars 


109 


117 


129 


W9 


35 


90 


198 


428 


90 


145 


53 


107 


152 


207 


24 


38 



125 
13 
27 
30 



37 
143 
66 
10 
28 
18 
81 
56 

2,202 



50 
534 

41 
30 
14 
58 
20 
507 



154 
750 



207 
19 
12 
37 
30 

158 
32 
86 



236 

301 



3.742 



383 
28 
58 
94 



15 
59 
56 
179 
183 

' 6,122 



148 

671 

144 

151 

54 

204 

106 

1,805 

53 

99 

73 

338 

2,276 

1,301 



233 
81 
48 

120 
57 

473 
58 

231 

1,210 



319 
891 



5.525 



1,606 
89 



1,528 
105 



1,785 
170 



See footnotes at end of table. 



DYES 



TABLE 8A. --Coal-tar dyes: U.S. production and sales, J960— Continued 



Dye 



ACID DYES--Contimied 



Acid black dyes — Continued 
Acid black 48 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 



AZOIC DYES AND COMPONENTS 

Azoic Compositions 

Total — 

Azoic yellow 1 

Azoic yellow 2 

Azoic orange 3 

Azoic red dyes, total 

Azoic red 1 

Azoic red 2 

Azoic red 6 

All other 

Azoic violet 1 

Azoic blue dyes, total 

Azoic blue 3 

All other 

Azoic brown 9 

Azoic black dyes, total 

Aaoic black 4 

All other 

All other azoic compositions 



t Components, Base 
Color Bases) 



52 

2,181 



2,607 



120 
43 
48 



338 
131 



23 
170 



56 
114 



1,176 



Total 

Azoic diazo component 4, base 

Azoic diazo component 5, base 

Azoic diazo component 8, base 

Azoic diazo component 9, base 

Azoic diazo component 10, base 

Azoic diazo component 12, base 

Azoic diazo component 13, base 

Azoic diazo component 20, base 

Azoic diazo oonjjonent 28, base 

Azoic diazo coII^)onent 32, base 

Azoic diazo conqsonent 48, base 

All other azoic diazo oonponents , bases 

Azoic Diazo Components, Salts 
(Fast Color Salts) 

Total — 

Azoic diazo component 1, salt 

Azoic diazo component 3, salt 

Azoic diazo component 5, salt 

Azoic diazo oonjionent 6, salt 

Azoic diazo component 8, salt 

Azoic diazo component 9, salt 

Azoic diazo component 11, salt 

See footnotes at end of table. 



164 
1,012 



1,000 



136 
214 

57 
189 
114 
193 



1,546 



1,000 
pounds 



48 
2,061 



2,337 



1,000 
dollar 



123 
54 
207 
128 



181 



46 
135 

114 

1,160 



173 
987 



113 
208 
17 
55 
110 
60 



1,496 



258 
3,312 



3,576 



162 
89 
269 
209 



252 



184 

356 

1,691 



403 
1,288 



1,224 



42 

55 

20 

133 

241 

87 

136 

213 

111 

116 



1,649 



11 


14 


18 


161 


181 


143 


58 


60 


81 


14 


14 


14 


53 


51 


50 


127 


150 


104 


15 


16 


29 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 
TABLE 8A. —Coal-tar dyes: U.S. production and sales, i960— Continued 



Dye 



Production 



(iiantity 



Unit 
value'"' 



AZOIC DYES AND COMPONENTS—Continued 
Azoic Diazo Components, Salts (Fast Color Saas)--Continued 

Azoic diazo component 12, salt 

Azoic diazo component 13, salt 

Azoic diazo component 20, salt 

Azoic diazo component 28, salt 

Azoic diazo component 36, salt 

Azoic diazo component "42, salt 

Azoic diazo component 48, salt 

Azoic diazo component A9, salt 

All other azoic diazo conponents , salts 

Azoic Coupling Components (Naphthol AS and Derivatives) 

Total 

Azoic coupling component 2 

Azoic coupling component 3 

Azoic coupling component 4- 

Azoic coupling con^ionent 5 

Azoic coupling component 7 

Azoic coupling component 8 

Azoic coupling component 11 

Azoic coupling component 13 

Azoic coupling congjonent U 

Azoic coupling oongjonent 17 

Azoic coupling con^onent 18 

Azoic coupling component 20 

Azoic coupling component 21 

Azoic coupling component 29 

Azoic coupling conponent 3A 

Azoic coupling conponent 35 

All other azoic coupling components 

BASIC DYES 

Total - 

Basic yellow 2 

Basic orange dyes, total 

Basic orange 1 

Basic orange 2 

All other 

Basic red dyes, total 

Basic red 2 

Basic red 9 

All other 

Basic violet 1 

Basic violet 3 

Basic violet 4 

Basic violet 10 

Basic violet 14 

Basic blue dyes, total 

Basic blue 1 

Basic blue 7 

Basic blue 9 

Basic blue 26 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 



70 
384 

23 
225 

87 

63 

9 

246 



1,757 



130 

427 

46 

49 



6,747 



499 



163 
466 
138 



125 

669 

991 
963 

72 
163 



21 
159 
267 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



74 
403 

25 
211 

82 



1,566 



268 

8 

18 

43 

305 
22 



57 
90 

384 
29 
23 
14 
24 
46 

209 



6,071 



526 
728 



145 
462 
121 



148 
12 



813 
854 

62 
174 

53 



118 
295 
63 
237 



305 
71 
253 
153 



3,326 



281 
23 
32 
131 
564 



104 
118 
174 
479 
58 



59 
180 
937 



13,861 



1,153 
1.089 



164 
503 
422 



1,162 

1,713 

175 

704 

160 

2,206 



426 

637 
196 
890 



See footnotes at end of table. 



DYES 
TABLE 8A. --Coal-tar dyes: U.S. production and sales, i560— Continued 



Dye 



Production 



Quantity Value 



BASIC DYES— Continued 

Basic green 1 

Basic green <4 

Basic brovm dyes, total 

Basic brovm 1 

Basic brown A 

All other 

All other basic dyes^ 

DIRECT DYES 

Total 

Direct yellow dyes, total 

Direct yellow 4 

Direct yellow 6 

Direct yellow 11 

Direct yellow 12 

Direct yellow 28 

Direct yellow 29 

Direct yellow AA 

Direct yellow 50 

Direct yellow 59 

All other 

Direct orange dyes, total 

Direct orange 1 

Direct orange 8 

Direct orange 15 

Direct orange 26 

Direct orange 29 

Direct orange 3A 

Direct orange 37 

Direct orange 39 

Direct orange 72 

Direct orange 73 

Direct orange 81 

All other 

Direct red dyes, total 

Direct red 1 

Direct red 2 

Direct red A 

Direct red 10 --. 

Direct red 13 

Direct red 16 

Direct red 23 

Direct red 2'i 

Direct red 26 

Direct red 28 

Direct red 31 

Direct red 37 

Direct red 39 

Direct red 75 

Direct red 79 

Direct red 80 

Direct red 81 

Direct red 83 

Direct red 84 

Direct red 122 

Direct red 127 and 127A 

Direct red 149 

Direct red 153 -. 

All other - -— -. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1.000 
pounds 



62 
408 



283 
525 



23,075 



3,327 



322 
812 
456 
290 
200 
70 
296 
192 



1,527 



7 
86 

187 
36 

139 
75 
53 



2,619 

— uy 



31 

81 

13 

202 

248 



78 
17 

183 
260 
192 



1,000 
pounds 



381 
823 



267 
543 
13 



21,956 



1,000 
dollars 

226 
1,053 

1,063 



3,328 



298 
787 
487 
322 
215 

73 
355 
174 

40 
577 



12 
92 

164 
21 
104 



43 
lU 
101 



2,450 



103 
448 

23 

46 

16 

206 

207 

45 

139 

8 

66 

17 

18 

175 

257 

155 



345 
668 
50 

2,690 
32,667 



6,182 



619 

1,222 

600 

820 

366 

103 

606 

327 

57 

1,462 

3,315 



29 

131 
190 

47 
238 
152 
148 

89 

281 

348 

161 

1,501 

5,237 



164 
732 

33 

79 

29 

466 

444 

118 

165 

24 

170 

48 

64 

397 

564 

411 

100 

31 

100 

28 

27 

14 

1,029 



20 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 
TABLE 8A. — Coal-tar dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1960 — Continued 



Dye 



Production 



Quantity 



DIRECT DYES—Continued 

Direct violet dyes, total 

Direct violet 1 

Direct violet 9 

Direct violet 22 

All other 

Direct blue dyes, total 

Direct blue 1 

Direct blue 2 

Direct blue 6 

Direct blue 8 

Direct blue U 

Direct blue 15 

Direct blue 22 

Direct blue 24- 

Direct blue 25 

Direct blue 67 

Direct blue 71 

Direct blue 76 

Direct blue 78 

Direct blue 80 

Direct blue 86 

Direct blue 98 

Direct blue 100 

Direct blue 120 and 120A 

Direct blue 126 

Direct blue 151 

All other 

Direct green dyes, total 

Direct green 1 

Direct green 6 

Direct green 8 

Direct green 38 

All other 

Direct brown dyes, total 

Direct brown 1 

Direct brown 2 

Direct brown 6 

Direct brown 31 

Direct brown 74 

Direct brown 95 

Direct brown 111 

Direct brown 154 

All other 

Direct black dyes, total 

Direct black 4 

Direct black 9 

Direct black 22 

Direct black 37 

Direct black 38 

Direct black 51 

Direct black 78 

Direct black 80 

All other 

DISPERSE DYES 

Total - 

Disperse yellow dyes, total 

Disperse yellow 3 

Disperse yellow 33 

All other 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



48 

130 

4,634 



157 

1,910 

475 

49 

40 

16 
51 



123 
72 
172 
399 
125 

1A3 
72 



271 
504 



1,815 



289 
231 

82 
58 
487 
126 
171 
371 



235 

173 
387 

5,558 

92 

78 

763 

628 



6,548 



1,050 



363 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



10 

59 

5 

96 

4,108 

1ST 

1,650 

437 

42 

63 

33 

22 

22 

33 

17 

63 

94 

73 

131 

368 

U3 

21 

92 

69 

21 

531 



158 

372 

30 

10 

238 

1,692 



281 

226 

39 

91 

43 

473 

- Ill 

154 

274 

8,012 



225 
158 
427 

16 
5,480 

95 
116 
917 
578 



7,053 



903 



320 

89 

494 



21 
143 



5,687 



391 
1,500 

235 
75 
57 
38 
46 



65 
170 
122 
210 
210 
688 
240 

38 
197 
161 

28 
1,087 

1,569 



174 

427 

30 

35 

903 

2,396 



230 
326 

43 
244 

67 
329 
388 
195 
574 

7,740 



201 

204 

354 

19 

4,497 
244 
227 
957 

1,037 



U,226 



2.010 



557 

UO 

1,313 



DYES 



TABLE BA. --Coal-tar dyes: U.S. production and sales, i960--Continued 



Pye 



Quantity 



DISPERSE DYES--Contimed 

Disperse orange dyes, total 

Disperse orange 3 

Disperse orange 5 

Disperse orange 17 

All other 

Disperse red dyes, total 

Disperse red 1 

Disperse red 5 

Disperse red 9 

Disperse red 13 

Disperse red 15 

Disperse red 17 

All other 

Disperse violet dyes, total 

Disperse violet 1 

Disperse violet A 

All other 

Disperse blue dyes, total 

Disperse blue 1 

Disperse blue 3 

Disperse blue 7 

All other 

Disperse black 2 

Disperse black 9 

All other disperse dyes 

FIBER-REACTIVE DYES 

Fiber-reactive dyes, total 

FLUORESCENT BRIGHTENING AGENTS 

Total 

Fluorescent brightening agent 68 

All other fluorescent brightening agents 

FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC DYES 
Total - 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Colors 
Total 

Blue No. 1 - 

Green No. 1 

Red No. 2 

Red No. 3 

Yellow No. 5 

Yellow No. 6 

All other food, drug, and cosmetic colors 

Drug and Cosmetic Colors including eitt 

Total • 

Red No. 7 

Red No. 9 



1,000 



69 
164 
195 



119 
A2 
16 

79 
49 
743 



2.587 



143 

533 

137 

1,774 

22 
759 
341 



7,492 



7,429 



2,417 



2,191 



481 
30 
437 
416 
780 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



55 
105 
172 



3,471 



211 

625 

127 

2,508 



791 
404 



7,264 



7,206 



2,341 



2,128 



459 

31 

427 

458 

706 



122 
115 
120 
415 

2,419 



194 
51 
43 
13 

216 

67 

1,835 

737 



109 
169 
459 

6,764 



819 
1,101 

761 
4,083 



759 
765 



18,393 



683 
17,710 



9,479 



8,593 



506 

40 

1,456 

490 
1,365 
1,502 
3,234 



See footnotes at end of table. 



22 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 
TABLE 8A. --Coal-tar dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1960 — Continued 



Dye 



Production 



(Jiantity 



FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC DYES— Continued 

Drug and Cosmetic Colors including external - -Continued 

Red No. 19 

Red No. 21 - 

Red No. 36 - — 

All other drug and cosmetic colors including external 

MORDANT DYES 

Total 

Mordant yellow dyes, total 

Mordant yellow 5 . 

Mordant yellow 8 

Mordant yellow 10 

All other 

Mordant orange dyes, total 

Mordant orange 1 

Mordant orange 6 

All other 

Mordant red dyes, total 

Mordant red 3 

Mordant red 7 

Mordant red 9 

All other 

Mordant blue 1 

Mordant blue 9 

Mordant brown dyes, total 

Mordant brown 1 

Mordant brown 33 

Mordant brown •iO 

All other 

Mordant black dyes, total 

Mordant black 1 

Mordant black 3 

Mordant black 5 

Mordant black 9 

Mordant black 11 

Mordant black 13 

Mordant black 17 

Mordant black 38 

All other 

All other mordant dyes 

SOLVENT DYES 

Total - 

Solvent yellow dyes, total 

Solvent yellow 2 

Solvent yellow 3 

Solvent yellow XA 

All other 

Solvent orange dyes, total 

Solvent orange 3 

Solvent orange 7 

All other 



3,975 



230 



230 
128 



55 
73 
Ul 



17 
226 



3,040 



51 
2,036 

79 
599 

23 
252 

28 



6,'i79 



1,153 



54 



869 
230 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



3,637 



180 



4 
159 



2,880 



37 

2,007 
55 

551 
37 

U2 

24 



6,295 



857 



52 

34 
557 
214 



4,773 



311 



66 

14 
105 



109 
16 

115 

128 
27 



148 
73 
46 

415 

3,107 



23 

44 
65 

1,846 
156 
556 
150 
267 

64 



9,568 



1,841 



710 
993 



28 
138 
245 



See footnotes at end of table. 



DYES 
TABLE 8A. —Coal-tar dyes: U.S. production and sales, J960— Continued 



23 



D^ 



Production 



(Jiantity 



Unit 
value^ 



SOLVEOT DYES— Continued 

Solvent red dyes, total 

Solvent red 24 

Solvent red 26 

Solvent red 49 

All other 

Solvent violet dyes, total 

Solvent violet 13 

All other 

Solvent blue dyes, total 

Solvent blue 4 

Solvent blue 38 

All other 

Solvent green dyes, total 

Solvent green 1 

Solvent green 3 

All other 

All other solvent dyes 

SULFUR DYES 

Total — 

Sulfur red 1 

Sulfur red 6 

Sulfur blue 7 

Sulfur blue 15 

Sulfur green 2 

Sulfur black 1 

All other sulfur dyes 

VAT DYES 

Total—- — — 

Vat yellow dyes, total 

Vat yellow 2, 8-l/2%- - - - 

Solubilized vat yellow 2, 25S 

Vat yellow 4, 12-1/2% - 

Solubilized vat yellow 4, 37-1/2% 

All other • 

Vat orange 1, 20% 

Solubilized vat orange 1, 26% 

Vat orange 2, 12% 

Vat orange 4, 6% 

Vat orange 5, 10% 

Solubilized vat orange 5, 30% 

Vat orange 9, 12% 

Vat orange 15, 10% 

Vat red dyes, total 

Vat red 1, 13% - 

Vat red 10, 18%— 

Vat red 13, 11%- — 

All other - 

Vat violet dyes, total 

Vat violet 1, 11%- - — - 

Vat violet 2, 20% — 



1,000 
pounds 



621 
218 



3,555 



31,022 



30 

1,553 

29,215 



46,574 



3,299 



1,664 

11 

897 

6 

721 

348 

12 

269 

195 

4 

367 

747 



362 

121 
119 
271 

1,323 



339 

50 



1.000 
pounds 



439 
219 

21 
120 



1,000 
dollar 

1,825 



22 
160 



148 
221 



3,883 



30,558 



24 

44 

180 

10 

22 

1,389 

28,889 



43,412 



3,318 



1,529 

9 

1,112 



277 

52 

256 

121 
648 



468 

119 

90 

211 

1,275 



373 
52 



798 
398 
134 
495 



77 
337 



1,747 



725 
1,022 



21 

192 

55 

3,062 



8,233 



19 
90 

158 
27 
55 

458 
7,426 



45,772 



4,657 



1,512 
28 

1,366 
64 

1,687 

774 

77 

658 

193 

412 

330 
1,359 

2,131 



743 
485 
251 
652 

3,097 



127 



See footnotes at end of table. 



24 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 
TABLE SA. --Coal-tar dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1960 — Continued 



Dye 



Production 



Oiantity 



Unit 
value-"^ 



VAI DTCES—Continued 



Vat violet dyes — Continued 

Vat violet 3, 15% 

Vat violet 9, 12%-— 

Vat violet 13, 6-1/4% 

Vat violet 17, 12-1/2%-— 
All other 



Vat blue 1, 20% 

Vat blue i, 10%— 

Vat blue 5, 16% 

Vat blue 6, 8-1/3% 

Solubilized vat blue 6, 17-1/2%- 

Vat blue U, 8-1/3% 

Vat blue 18, 13% 

Vat blue 20, 14% 

Vat green 1, 6% 

Solubilized vat green 1, 12-1/2^ 
Vat green 3, 10% 

Solubilized vat green 3, 26% 

Vat green 8, 8-l/2%— - — 

Vat green 9, 12-1/2% 



Vat brown dyes, total - 

Vat brown 1, IW 

Vat brown 3, 117 

Vat brown 5, 137 

All other 



Vat black dyes, total 

Solubilized vat black 1, 27-1/2%- 

Vat black 25, 12-1/2% 

Vat black 27, 12-1/2% 

All other 



All other vat dyes- 
All other dyes^ 



114 

133 

635 

37 



7,710 

372 
2,198 

218 

711 

467 

2,492 

'2,898 

18 

1,312 

662 

4,815 



852 
1,380 

515 
2,068 

7,008 



2,533 
1,181 
3,294 

8,256 



126 
579 

77 

6,786 

106 

301 

2,262 

29 

282 

673 

525 

2,664 

62 

2,271 

12 

1,587 

698 

3,919 



788 

1,199 

481 

1,451 

6,795 



1.000 
dollars 

113 

457 

1,222 

291 

1,754 
199 
289 

2,625 
176 
331 

1,118 
853 

1,839 
217 

1,591 
80 

1,462 
591 

6,952 



2,575 

983 

3,229 

7,306 

43 



1,294 

1,903 

749 

3,006 

7,927 



74 
2,346 
1,249 
4,258 

4,080 



Per 
pound 



$1.66 
3.63 
2.11 

3.78 

.26 



1.16 
6.07 
1.17 
1.66 
1.62 

.69 
3.50 

.70 
6.67 

.92 

.85 



1.77 
1.64 
1.59 
1.56 
2.07 



1.17 
9.25 



1.27 
1.32 



Calculated from rounded figures. 

Includes sales of basic red dyes. 

Includes oxidation bases, ingrain dyes, and miscellaneous dyes. 



substantially smaller in 1960 than in 1959 were mordant black 17 (53.0 percent smaller); vat red 
1 (52.5 percent); mordant black 11 (46.2 percent); vat blue 6 (31.9 percent); disperse black 9 
(30. 4 percent); basic violet 1 (30. 1 percent); direct yellow 6 (24. 6 percent); direct black 80 (23. 9 
percent); vat green 9 (22. 2 percent); and vat green 1 (18. 8 percent). 

On the other hand, the output of a few important dyes was larger in I960 than in 1959. Pro- 
duction of vat black 25 in I960 was 2. 5 million pounds--43. percent more than the 1. 8 million 
pounds reported for 1959. The output of vat black 27 was 59.0 percent larger in 1960 than in 
1959; that of vat green 8 was 46.4 percent larger; that of vat green 3 was 30.4 percent larger; 
and that of vat brown 3 was 24. 3 percent larger. 

Although the revision of the Colour Index has resulted in a number of changes in the classi- 
fication of dyes, the differences resulting from these changes are small in most instances, so 
that comparisons between the class totals for 1958, 1959, and I960 and those for former years 
are still significant. 

Table 9 summarizes production and sales of dyes in I960, by class of application. Four 
classes of dyes accounted for about three-fourths of the total output of dyes in I960: vat dyes ac- 
counted for 29.9 percent of the total; sulfur dyes, for 19.9 percent; direct dyes, for 14.8 per- 
cent; and acid dyes, for 9.2 percent. In I960 the output of each of these four major classes was 
smaller than that in 1959. Production of direct dyes was 13.6 percent smaller; acid dyes, 11.9 
percent; sulfur dyes, 2.4 percent; and vat dyes, 1.7 percent. The total output of azoic dyes and 
components --the sixth ranking class of dyes--was 6.9 million pounds in 1960, or 24.3 percent 
less than the 9. 1 million pounds reported for 1959. The output of each of the four groups of 



DYES 



25 



azoic dyes and components was smaller in 1960 than in 1959: production of fast color salts was 
36.7 percent smaller; that of fast color bases, 35.5 percent smaller; that of the azoic coupling 
components, 28.0 percent smaller; and that of the azoic compositions, 3. 1 percent smaller. Of 
the remaining classes, the output of fiber-reactive dyes was 54.8 percent larger in 1960 than in 
1959; food, drug, and cosmetic dyes, 14. 4 percent larger ; and fluorescent brighteners, 6.3per- 
cent larger. The output of mordant dyes, on the other hand, was 40. 3 percent smaller in I960 
than in 1959; that of basic dyes, 16. 2 percent smaller; and that of solvent dyes, 10.4 percent 
smaller. In I960 the fluorescent dyes were fifth in total output, but they were the fourth most 
important group of dyes in ternns of value of sales; sales in that year Jimounted to $18.4 million. 

TABLE 9. --Coal-tar dyes: U.S. production and sales, by class of application, 1960 



Class of application 



Quantity 



Unit 
value^ 



Total - 

Acid—- ■ 

Azoic dyes and components: 

Azoic compositions 

Azoic diazo components, bases (Fast color bases) 

Azoic diazo components, salts (Fast color salts) 

Azoic coupling components (Naphthol AS and derivatives)- 

Basic 

Direct 

Disperse 

Fiber-reactive 

Fluorescent brightening agents 

Food, drug, and cosmetic dyes 

Mordant 

Solvent 

Sulfur 

Vat - 

All other^ • 



1,000 
pounds 
155,896 



1,000 
pounds 

W7,738 



1,000 
dollars 
192,107 



pound 
$1.30 



U,306 

2,607 

1,000 

1,546 

1,757 

6,747 

23,075 

6,548 

291 

7,492 

2,417 

3,975 

6,479 

31,022 

46,574 

60 



12,715 

2,337 

783 

1,496 

1,566 

6,071 

21,956 

7,053 

211 

7,264 

2,341 

3,637 

6,295 

30,558 

43,412 

43 



24,185 

3,576 

1,224 

1,649 

3,326 

13,861 

32,667 

14,226 

973 

18,393 

9,479 

4,773 

9,568 

8,233 

45,772 

202 



1.90 

1.53 
1.56 
1.10 
2.12 
2.28 
1.49 
2.02 
4.61 
2.53 
4.05 
1.31 
1.52 
.27 
1.05 
4.70 



Calculated from rounded figures. 
^ Includes oxidation bases, ingrain dyes, and miscellaneous dyes. Statistics for these groups of dyes may not be 
published separately because publication would disclose information received in confidence. 

Table 10 shows production and sales of dyes in I960 by chemical class. In I960 five chenn- 
ical classes of dyes accounted for more than 80 percent of all the dyes produced: azo dyes ac- 
counted for 28. 1 percent of the total; anthraquinone dyes, for 21.7 percent; sulfur dyes (not 
including vat sulfur dyes), for 19. 9 percent; indigoid dyes, for 6. 1 percent; and stilbene dyes, 
for 5.5 percent. The output of each of these five classes was smaller in I960 than in 1959; that 
of indigoid dyes was 19.4 percent smaller; that of azo dyes, 14.9 percent; that of stilbene dyes, 
5.9 percent; that of sulfur dyes, 2.4 percent; and that of anthraquinone dyes, 1.2 percent. Pro- 
duction of all but two of the remaining important chennical classes- -the xanthene dyes and nitro 
dyes--was smaller in I960 than in 1959. The output of thiazine dyes was 36. I percent smaller in 
I960 than in 1959; triarylmethane dyes, 14.9 percent smaller; thiazole dyes, 14.3 percent 
smaller; and phthalocyanine dyes, 12.6 percent smaller. In ternns of value of sales, the most 
important classes of dyes in I960 were the azo dyes ($67.5 million), the anthraquinone dyes 
($53.4 million), the stilbene dyes ($19.2 million), and the azoic dyes ($9.8 million). 



608094 O -61 -3 



26 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 
TABLE 10. — Coal-tar dyes: U.S. production and sales, by chemical class, 1960 



Chemical class 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Unit 
value-'- 



Total 

Anthraquinone — 

Azo, total 

Monoazo 

Disazo 

Trisazo 

Polyazo 

Not specified- 

Azoio 

Indigoid 

Ketone imine 

Nitro 

Oxazine 

Phthalocyanine-- 

Quinoline 

Stilbene 

Sulfur^ 

Thiazine 

Thiazole 

Tri arylme thane- - 

Xanthene 

All other^ 



1,000 
pounds 
155,896 



U7,738 



1,000 
dollars 
192,107 



$1.30 



33,891 
A3, 822 



13,813 

13,726 

9,763 

1,096 

5,424 

6,914 

9,526 

512 

501 

28 

487 

132 

8,623 

31,022 

269 

355 

4,770 

1,216 

13,828 



32,335 
40,696 



12,336 

12,681 

9,404 

1,142 

5,133 

6,187 

8,661 

539 

399 

39 

416 

132 

8,351 

30,558 

297 

362 

4,058 

540 

14,168 



53,422 
67,527 



23,157 
21,166 
10,375 
2,068 
10,761 

9,782 

4,915 

1,185 

877 

138 

907 

520 

19,180 

8,233 

642 

702 

9,336 

2,583 

12,158 



1.67 
1.10 
1.81 
2.10 

1.58 

.56 

2.20 



2.18 
3.94 
2.30 

.27 
2.16 
1.94 
2.30 
4.78 

.86 



■"■ Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Does not include vat sulfur dyes. 

^ Includes acridine, aminoketone, azine, coumarin, hydroxy ketone, methine, nitroso, vat sulfur, and miscellaneous 
dyes. Statistics for these groups of dyes may not be published separately because publication would disclose infor- 
mation received in confidence. 

Toners and Lakes 

As the terms are used in this report, toners and lakes are s-ynthetic organic pigments. Syn- 
thetic organic pigments are used in paint and related products, in printing inks, and in plastics 
and resin materials. Full-strength toners are undiluted pignnents; extended toners and lakes are 
diluted pigments. 

Statistics on production and sales of all toners and lakes in 1960 are given in table llA.^ 
Statistics on the commercial forms (dry, flushed, pulp, and dispersed) of a few selected pig - 
ments are given in table 12. In this report, individual toners and lakes are identified by the 
names used in the second edition of the ne-w Colour Index, rather than by their common names. 

Total production of full-strength toners, extended toners, and lakes in 1960 was 40.2 mil- 
lion pounds- -5. 7 percent less than the 42.7 million pounds produced in 1959, but 13,7 percent 
more than the 35.4 million pounds produced in 1958. Total sales of full-strength toners, ex- 
tended toners, and lakes in I960 amounted to 32. 7 million pounds, valued at $64. 3 million, 
compared with 33. 3 million pounds, valued at $65. 6 million, in 1959, and 27. 8 million pounds, 
valued at $53.4 million, in 1958. In terms of quantity, sales of full-strength toners, extended 
toners, and lakes in I960 were 1.9 percent smaller than those in 1959, and 17.8 percent larger 
than those in 1958; in terms of value, sales in I960 were 2. 1 percent smaller than those in 1959, 
and 20. 3 percent larger than those in 1958. 

Production of full-strength toners in I960 amounted to 30.5 million pounds--5.6 percent 
less than the 32. 3 million pounds reported for 1959. Sales in 1960 were 24.2 million pounds, 
valued at $52.7 million, compared with 24.6 million pounds, valued at $54.4 million, in 1959. 
Sales in I960 were thus 1. 7 percent smaller than in 1959 in terms of quantity, and 3. 1 percent 
smaller in terms of value. In I960, red toners comprised 51.9 percent of the total output of 
full-strength toners (15.8 million pounds). The individual toners produced in the largest quanti- 
ties in I960 were the barium toner of Pigment Red 49, 2. 8 million pounds; Pigment Yellow 12, 
2. 5 million pounds; the alpha form of Pigment Blue 15, 2. 3 million pounds; Pigment Green 7, 
2. 2 million pounds; Pigment Red 3, 2. 1 million pounds; Pigment Red 48, 1. 7 million pounds; 

5 See also table IIB, pt. HI, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers; and table 24 in appendix A, 
which shows imports of loners and lakes during the years 1958-60. 

■» See appendix D, which is a cross-reference list of Colour Index and common names of toners and lakes. 



TONERS AND LAKES 



27 



Pigment Blue 19 and the calcium toner of Pigment Red 49, 1. 5 nriillion pounds each; the barium 
toner of Pigment Red 53, 1.4 million pounds; and the beta form of Pigment Blue 15, 1. 3 million 
pounds. 

Production of extended toners totaled 5. 6 million pounds in I960, or 14. 5 percent less than 
the 6. 5 million pounds reported for 1959. Sales in 1960 were 5. 3 million pounds, valued at $8. 1 
million, compared with 5.8 million pounds, valued at $8.0 million, in 1959- -representing a de- 
crease of 8.4 percent in quantity and an increase of 1.2 percent in value. Pigment Green 7, the 
output of which was 879, 000 pounds, and the alpha form of Pigment Blue 15, the output of which 
was 868,000 pounds, were the extended toners produced in largest quantity in I960. 

Production of lakes amounted to 4.2 million pounds in I960, compared with 3.9 million 
pounds in 1959- -showing an increase of 8.0 percent. Sales of lakes in 1960 totaled 3.2 million 
pounds, valued at $3.5 million, compared with sales in 1959 of 2.9 million pounds, valued at 
$3.2 million. Sales in I960 were thus 10.5 percent larger in quantity and 7. 4 percent larger in 
value, than in 1959. Pigment Blue 24 was the lake produced in the largest quantity in I960; the 
output amounted to 2.2 million pounds. 

Statistics on the production and sales of the dry, flushed, pulp, and dispersed forms of 13 
selected colors, or groups of colors, are given in table 12. Sales of the flushed form (including 
the value of the oil) were larger, in terms of value, than were sales of any other form for Pig- 
ment Blue 19, Pigment Blue 24, and Pigment Red 90. Sales of the flushed form were approxi- 
mately equal in value to sales of the dry form for the benzidine yellows. Sales of the dry form 
were larger in value than sales of any other form for each of the nine other colors for which data 
are shown. 



TABLE llA. --Toners and lakes: U.S. production and sales, 1960 

[Listed below are all toners and lakes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders 
are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were 
reported.) Table IIB in pt. Ill lists all toners and lakes for \;hioh data on production or sales were reported and 
identifies the manufacturer of each] 



ftiantity 



Unit 
value^ 



Grand total t- 

TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS 

Total — 

Blue toners, total 

Pigment Blue 1, C.I. "42 595, PMA 

Pigment Blue 1, C.I. A2 595, PTA 

Pigment Blue 9, C.I. ^2 025, PTA 

Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 7<t 160, alpha modification-- 
Pigment Blue 15, C.I. lA 160, beta modification- 
Pigment Blue 19, C.I. A2 750A 

Pigment Blue 25, C.I. 21 180 

All other 

Brown toners 

Green toners: 

Pigment Green 1, C.I. <i2 0^0, PMA- 

Pigment Green 1, C.I. 42 040, PTA 

Pigment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and C.I. 49 005, PMA- 

Pigment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and C.I. 49 005, PTA- 

Pigment Green 4, C.I. 42 000, PMA 

Pigment Green 4, C.I. 42 000, PTA 

Pigment Green 7, C.I. 74 260 

Pigment Green 8, C.I. 10 006 

Orange toners, total 

Pigment Orange 2, C.I. 12 060 

Pigment Orange 5, C.I. 12 075 

Pigment Orange 13, C.I. 21 110 

Pigment Orange 16, C.I. 21 160 

All other 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1.000 
pounds 
40,238 



30,456 



6,032 



126 

42 

5 

2,263 

1,285 

1,507 

87 

717 

57 

7 
5 



2,168 
252 



129 
157 



1.000 
pounds 
32,687 



24,191 



108 

33 

5 

1,916 

1,006 

1,396 

33 

188 

35 



33 

49 

8 

7 

1,782 

172 



75 
157 

68 
115 

65 



1.000 
dollars 
64,264 



52,674 



13,754 



505 

197 

27 

5,345 

3,071 

3,839 

96 

674 

82 

30 

33 

172 

320 

26 

37 

4,198 

229 

1,560 



107 
239 
221 
267 
726 



$1.97 



2.94 



5.97 
5.40 
2.79 
3.05 
2.75 
2.91 
3.59 



5.50 
5.21 



6.53 
3.25 
5.29 
2.36 
1.33 

3.25 



1.43 
1.52 
3.25 
2.32 
11.17 



28 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE llA .—Toners and lakes: U.S. production and sales, i960~Continued 



Quantity 



Unit 
value ^ 



Red toners, total 

Naphthol reds, total 

Pigment Red 2, C.I. 12 310— — 

Pigment Red 5, C.I. 12 -^90 

Pigment Red 17, C.I. 12 390- - 

Pigment Red 18, C.I. 12 350 

Pigment Red 22, C.I. 12 315— 

Pigment Red 23, C.I. 12 355 

Other naphthol reds 

Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, dark 

Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, light- ■ 

Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120— 

Pigment Red U, C.I. 12 085 - 

Pigment Red 6, C.I. 12 090— 

Pigment Red 38, C.I. 21 120 

Pigment Red -48, C.I. 15 865 

Pigment Red -49, C.I. 15 630, total 

Barium toner 

Calcium toner 

Other toners and sodium salt 

Pigment Red 52, C.I. 15 860 

Pigment Red 53, C.I. 15 585, barium toner- 
Pigment Red 57, C.I. 15 850, calcium toner- 
Pigment Red 63, C.I. 15 880 

Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PMA 

Pigment Red 81, C.I. A5 160, PTA 

Pigment Red 90, C.I. 45 380 

All other 

Violet toners: 

Pigment Violet 1, C.I. ^5 170, PMA 

Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, PTA 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, fugitive- 
Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, PMA 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, PTA 

Yellow toners, total 

Benzidine yellows: 

Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090 

Pigment Yellow 13, C.I. 21 100 

Pigment Yellow 14, C.I. 21 095- — 

Acetoacetanisidide Yellow, deb — >• aaoa- 
Other benzidine yellows 

Hansa yellows: 

Pigment Yellow 1, C.I. 11 680 

Pigment Yellow 3, C.I. 11 710 

Other Hansa yellows 

All other 

All other toners^ 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 
15,817 



573 

110 

93 

73 

14 

79 

76 

128 

265 

455 

2,059 

350 

65 

126 

1,672 

4,961 

2,846 

1,477 

638 

612 

1,430 

735 

60 

91 

98 

1,248 

1,017 



25 
409 
326 

40 

4,394 



2,467 
49 
825 
145 
33 

499 
92 
182 
102 



1,000 
pounds 
13,172 



441 

95 

50 

52 

11 

85 

76 

72 

272 

385 

1,266 

299 

50 

115 

1,627 

4,433 

2,661 

1,388 

384 

571 

1,438 

661 

40 

93 

96 

507 

878 



17 

27 

422 

241 

39 

2,803 



1.000 
dollars 
22,170 



1,384 

30 

610 

137 



130 
58 



1,540 

224 

182 

161 

41 

252 

267 

413 

321 

461 

2,192 

405 

80 

519 

2,933 

4,674 

2,750 

1,504 

420 

882 

1,836 

999 

78 

571 

617 

990 

3,072 



674 
164 



7,138 



3,253 
112 

1,564 
460 



944 
172 
427 
206 

1,129 



pound 

$1.68 



3.49. 
2.36 
3.64 
3.10 
3.73 
2.96 
3.51 
5.74 
1.18 
1.20 
1.73 
1.35 
1.60 
4.51 
1.80 
1.05 
1.03 
1.08 
1.09 
1.54 
1.28 
1.51 
1.95 
6.14 
6.43 
1.95 
3.50 



5.53 
6.81 
1.61 
2.80 
4.21 

2.55 



2.35 
3.73 
2.56 
3.36 



2.44 
2.57 
3.28 
3.55 

5.45 



TONERS AND LAKES 



29 



TABLE 11A^--Tcmers and lakes: U.S. production and sales, i960--Contlnued 



Toner 
content 



(Jieutitlty 



Unit 
value-'- 



REDUCED OR EXTENDED TONERS 
Total - ■ 

Black toners, reduced 

Blue toners, reduced, total 

Pigment Blue 1, C.I. 42 595, PMA ■ 

Pigment Blue 9, C.I. A2 025, PMA 

Pigment Blue U, C.I. A2 600, PMA ■ 

Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 7^ 160, alpha modification-- 
Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 7A 160, beta modification--- 
All other 

Broim toners, reduced 

Green toners, reduced, total 

Pigment Green 1, C.I. A2 040 PMA 

Pigment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and C.I. 49 005, PMA- 
Plgment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and C.I. 49 005, PTA- 
Pigment Green 7, C.I. 74 260 

All other 

Orange toners, reduced 

Red toners, reduced, total 

Naphthol reds, total 

Pigment Red 23, C.I. 12 355 - 

Other naphthol reds 

Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, dark 

Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120 — - 

Pigment Red 48, C.I. 15 865 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630, barium toner 

Pigment Red 57, C.I. 15 850 

Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PMA 

Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PTA— - ■ 

All other 

Violet toners, reduced, total 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, PMA 

All other 

Yellow toners, reduced, total 

Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090 — 

Pigment Yellow W, C.I. 21 095 - 

All other 



5,568 



1,000 
pounds 
1,557 



1,000 
pounds 
5,340 



1,000 
dolhrs 
8,099 



213 
2,098 



39 
539 



1,889 



3,222 



116 
601 



2 
55 

334 
33 

107 



445 

755 

86 

530 



1,180 



30 
879 
257 

46 

1,116 



22 

12 

25 

878 

243 



1,073 



82 

10 

674 

1,322 
97 

1,037 

13 
1,740 



34 
23 
49 
1,429 
205 



200 
58 

U2 
23 
88 

309 

107 
31 

113 
35 

210 



18 
37 
3 
21 
129 
26 
21 
12 



233 
90 

U3 
20 
88 

274 

105 
28 

105 
27 

193 



331 
52 
37 

155 
33 

508 



139 
145 



131 
141 



188 
265 



63 
227 
317 



50 
277 
303 



90 
214 

517 



Per 
pound 
$1.52 



.40 



1.71 
1.19 
2.50 

1.51 
1.75 



1.13 
1.96 



2.60 



1.47 
1.55 
1.92 
1.96 
1.63 
.84 



4.81 



1.34 

1.03 

1.07 

1.01 

.35 

.84 

1.21 

.50 

1.32 

1.48 

1.22 

2.63 



1.67 
1.44 
1.88 



.77 

1.71 



(^antity 



Unit 
value^ 



LAKES OR LAKED COLORS 
Total— 

Black lakes: (Natural Black 3), C.I. 75 291 

Blue lakes, total 

Pigment Blue 24, C.I. 42 090-- 

All other 

Green lakes 

Orange lakes 



1,000 
pounds 
4,2U 



1.000 
pounds 
3,156 



1,000 
dollars 

3,491 



2,270 



2,226 

44 



1,354 



1,677 



pound 

$1.11 



See footnotes at end of table. 



30 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 
TABLE llA. — Toners and lakes: U.S. production and sales, 1960 — Continued 



Product 



Production 



(Jiantity 



Unit 
value''' 



LAKES OR LAKED COLORS— Continued 

Red lakes, total 

Pigment Red 60, C.I. 16 105 

Pigment Red 83, C.I. 58 000 

(Acid Red 26), C.I. 16 150 

All other 

Violet lakes, total 

Pigment Violet 5, C.I. 58 055 

All other 

Yellow lakes, total 

(Acid Yellow 23), C.I. 19 WO — 

All other 

All other lakes^ 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 

931 



pound 

$1.08 



173 
101 
583 
101 



237 
242 
246 
206 



1.45 

3.06 

.45 

2.90 

2.25 



100 
5 



227 
9 



2.27 
1.80 



568 



205 
29 



43 



33 



1.40 
2.17 



.77 



Calculated from rounded figures. 
^ Includes all black toners and unspecified green and violet toners. 

^ Includes production of all brown and orange lakes and unspecified yellow lakes, and sales of all brown and green 
lakes and unspecified blue lakes. 

Note. — The C.I. (Colour Index) munbers shown in this report are the identifying numbers given in the second 
edition of the Colour Index. 

When the name of a color is enclosed in parentheses, it indicates that this name is that of the dye from which the 
pigment can be made and that no name for the pigment itself is given in the Colour Index. 

The abbreviations PMA and PTA stand for phosphomolybdic and phosphotungstic (including phosphotungstomolybdic) 
acids, respectively. The abbreviation dob stands for 3,3 -diohlorobenzidine, and the abbreviation aaoa, for 
o-acetoacetanisidide . 



TONERS AND LAKES 



TABLE 12. — Toners and lakes: U.S. production and sales of selected dry, flushed, pulp, 
and dispersed forms, 1960^ 



Dry, flushed, pulp, and dispersed forms 



Quantity 



Unit 
value ^ 



Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160: 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Dispersed form 

Pigment Blue 19, C.I. A2 750A:^ 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Pigment Blue 24, C.I. 42 090: 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pigment Green 7, C.I. 74 260: 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Dispersed form 

Pi^-ment Red 3, C.I. 12 120: 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Dispersed form 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630, barium toner:^ 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630, calcium toner:* 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630, sodium salt:' 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pigment Red 53, C.l. 15 585, barium toner:* 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pigment Red 90, C.I. 45 380:' 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, permanent:^ 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, fugitive: 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090; Pigment Yellow 13, C.I 
21 100; Pigment Yellow 14, C.I. 21 095; and other 
benzidine yellows: 

Dry form 

Flushed form 

Pulp form 

Dispersed form 



1.000 
pounds 

2,864 

984 

4,588 

938 

129 

3,160 

502 

387 
4,051 

1,820 

300 

1,791 

543 

1,601 

1,016 

137 

117 

2,131 
2,066 

1,253 
925 

264 
294 

1,143 
1,149 

119 
2,432 

301 
258 

11 

282 
485 



1,599 

5,158 

643 

248 



unds 

2,515 

875 

3,356 

934 

128 
2,962 

445 

175 
3,124 

1,703 
287 

1,607 
523 

1,008 

673 

129 

75 

2,022 
1,922 

1,177 
877 

256 
271 

1,042 
1,003 

99 
1,260 

241 

238 

5 

305 
429 



1,423 

4,414 

616 

245 



1,000 
dollars 

6,270 

996 

4,267 

712 

318 

3,304 

344 

195 
1,940 

4,318 
334 

1,909 
449 

1,658 

596 

58 

42 

1,921 
1,023 

1,151 
499 

258 

159 

1,242 
689 

169 
1,109 

652 
298 



415 
343 



3,074 

3,011 

301 

159 



$2.49 

1.14 

1.27 

.76 

2.58 

1.12 
.77 



.57 
1.01 



2.71 
1.25 
1.00 

1.36 
.80 



.68 
.49 
.65 



^ Statistics on production and sales of the organic pigments (color lakes and toners) listed In this table are 
given in terms of the commercial (physical) forms in which they enter commercial channels. Data on the flushed, 
pulp, and dispersed forms, therefore, are in terms of total weight, including pigment and vehicle (water or oil) . 

^ Calculated from rounded figures. 

3 Data on the dispersed form were accepted in confidence; they may not be published because publication would 
reveal the operations of individual congjanies. 

* Data on the pulp and dispersed forms were accepted in confidence; they may not be published because publication 
would reveal the operations of individual companies. 

' Data on the pulp form were accepted in confidence; they may not be published because publication would reveal the 
operations of individual companies. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 
Medicinal Chemicals 

In this report, medicinal chemicals are divided into three major groups: (1) Benzenoid com- 
pounds, derived principally from coal tar; (2) alicyclic and heterocyclic compounds, usually de- 
rived from vegetable products and animal tissues, but sometimes also from coal tar; and (3) 
acyclic compounds, usually derived from petroleum and from natural gas, or from grain by fer- 
mentation. For the purposes of this report, antibiotics prepared by synthetic or by biological 
processes are considered to be medicinal chemicals. 

Statistics on the production of medicinal chemicals are in terms of 100-percent content of 
the medicinal chemical itself, exclusive of all diluents or other nnaterials used in mixing or 
connpounding tablets, solutions, and suspensions for consumer use. Except for the antibiotics, 
the statistics on sales include only that part of the original (primary) production that was sold in 
undiluted or uncompounded fornn. Sales of antibiotics include all forms --diluted or undiluted--in 
bulk or in packages. 

In 1960 the total production of all the medicinal chemicals covered in this report amoiinted 
to 113.8 million pounds (see table 13A ), or 6. 8 percent more than the output of 106. 6 million 
pounds reported for 1959. Total sales of medicinal chennicals in I960 amotinted to 87. 9 million 
pounds, valued at $556.9 million, compared with sales in 1959 of 87. 3 million pounds, valued 
at $582. 2 million. 

Production of all cyclic medicinal chennicals in I960 amounted to 76.5 million pounds. Of 
this quantity, 54.9 million pounds consisted of benzenoid medicinal chemicals and 21. 6 million 
pounds, of alicyclic and heterocyclic medicinal chemicals. Production of acyclic medicinal 
chemicals was 37.3 million pounds in 1960, compared with 33.4 million pounds in 1959. In terms 
of quantity, acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) was the nnost important medicinal chemical produced 
in 1960. The output in that year was 23. 6 million pounds, compared with 18. 1 million pounds in 
1959. Production of salicylic acid in I960 announted to 9. 3 million pounds, compared with 6.9 
million pounds in 1959. Sales of salicylic acid in 1960 amounted to 7. 9 million pounds, valued at 
$3. 1 million, compared with 6.2 million pounds, valued at $2.4 million, in 1959. 

In terms of value, the antibiotics- -as a group--were the most important medicinal chemi- 
cals produced in I960. Total production in I960 of antibiotics for human or veterinary use was 
3. million pounds, or 18. 8 percent more than the 2. 5 million pounds reported for 1959. Sales 
of antibiotics for human or veterinary use in 1960--2. 3 nnillion pounds, valued at $323. 6 
million--were 4.8 percent larger than those in 1959, in terms of quantity, and 1.7 percent 
larger, in terms of value. Production of penicillin salts for human or veterinary use in I960 
announted to 498 trillion international units, compared with 430 trillion international units in 
1959. Sales of such salts in 1960 totaled 387 trillion international iinits, valued at $53.4 million, 
compared with 371 trillion international units, valued at $57. 3 million, in 1959. Production of 
dihydrostreptomycin amounted to 392, 000 pounds in 1960, compared with 470, 000 pounds in 1959; 
sales in I960 were 363, 000 pounds, valued at $8.2 million, compared with 492,000 pounds, val- 
ued at $13.7 million, in 1959. The output of streptomycin in I960 amounted to 605, 000 pounds, 
compared with 281, 000 pounds reported for 1959. Production of neonnycin base announted to 
30,000 pounds in I960; sales were 30,000 pounds, valued at $4.7 million. Production of tetra- 
cycline was 287, 000 pounds in 1960, compared with 307,000 pounds in 1959; sales were 256,000 
pounds, valued at $69.4 million. Production in 1960 of antibiotics for animal feed supplements, 
food preservation, and crop spraying totaled 1.2 million pounds, compared with the 1.4 million 
pounds reported for 1959. Sales of these products in I960 amounted to I. I million povinds, val- 
ued at $39.4 million. 

Among the other important groups of medicinal chemicals produced in I960 were the vita- 
mins. In 1960 the connbined production of vitamins--as a group--was II. I million pounds, com- 
pared with 10.9 million pounds in 1959. Sales of all vitamins in 1960 totaled 8,0 million pounds, 
valued at $68. 7 million, compared with 7. 3 million pounds, valued at $73. 7 million, in 1959. In 
terms of quantity, the 1960 output of some of the more important vitannins was as follows: 
Ascorbic acid ai^d derivatives, 5. 3 million pounds; niacin, 2.4 million pounds; pantothenic acid 
and derivatives, 927,000 pounds; niacinamide, 580,000 pounds; riboflavin, 525,000 pounds; Jind 
vitamin A (alcohol and esters), 516, 000 pounds (489, 454 billion U. S. P. units). In terms of value 
of sales, vitamin A (alcohol and esters) was the most important product in the vitamin group. 
Sales of this medicinal chemical in 1960 totaled 383,000 pounds, valued at $24 million. Sales of 
ascorbic acid were 3.4 million pounds, valued at $11. I million; those of vitamin Bj^2 were 862 
pounds, valued at $10. 1 million. 

Production of sulfa drugs in 1960 amounted to 5. 1 million pounds, compared with 5. 8 mil- 
lion pounds reported for 1959. Production of all tranquilizers was 1.2 million pounds in I960-- 
270, 000 pounds less than the output in 1959. By far the most important tranquilizer was 
2-methyl-2-n-propyl-l, 3-propanediol dicarbamate, production of which totaled 989, 000 pounds; 
sales amounted to 970, 000 pounds, valued at $3. 5 million. 



' See also table 13B, pt. III. which lists these products alphabetically and idendfies the manufacturers, and table 24 in appendix A, 
which shows imparts of coal-tar medicinal chemicals and pharmaceuticals during the years 1958-60. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



33 



TABLE IZ A. —Medicinal chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1960 

[Listed below are all synthetic organic medicinal chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales may 
be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or 
where no data were reported.) Table 13B in pt. Ill lists alphabetically all medicinal chemicals for which data on 
production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Production^ 



Sales ■= 



Quantity 



1 ,000 

pounds 



Grand total 

MEDICINAL CHEMICALS, CYCUC 
Total 

Benzenoid 
Total - 

Acetylsalicyllc acid (Aspirin) 

Amino acids 

p-Aminobenzoie acid and derivatives, total 

Procaine hydrochloride 

All other 

Antihistamines 

Bismuth subgallate 

Carbasone (p-Carbamidobenzenearsonic acid) 

Dyes, medicinal 

Ethylmerourithiosallcylic acid, sodium salt 

3-(o-Methoxyphenoxy)-l,2-propanediol (Glyceryl guaiaoyl 

ether) 

a-Methylphenethylamlne (Amphetamine) base 

Norephedrine hydrochloride 

Phenylephrine hydrochloride 

Salicylic acid 

Salicylic acid salts, total 

Sodium salicylate 

All other 

Sulfa drugs 

3-o-Toloxy-l,2-propanediol ( o-Cresyl a -glyceryl ether) - 

Vitamin K (Menadione) (2-Methyl-l,4-naphthoquinone) 

All other benzenoid medictnals 

Alicyclic and Heterocyclic 
Total - 

Alkaloids and related products, total 

Homatropine methyl bromide 

All other - — 

Antibiotics for human or veterinary use, total 

Bacitracin 

Dihydrostreptomycln 

Necoiycin, base 

Penicillin salts, total* 

Potassium penicillin 

Procaine penicillin G* 

Sodium penicillin G 

All other 

Streptomycin 

Tetracycline 

All other 



113,818 



76,519 



5A,911 



23,553 



377 
162 



42 

68 

39 

9,282 

595 



562 
33 

5,080 

14 
15,531 

21,608 



27 



2,969 



-7 
392 

30 
859 
271 
500 

26 

62 
605 
287 
792 



pounds 
87,939 



55,042 



38,490 



18,271 
2 



391 
97 



59 

35 

7,882 



45 
11,061 



16,552 



19 



2,328 



363 

30 

677 

196 

417 

20 

44 

329 

256 

668 



1,000 
dollars 
556,931 



521,486 



47,807 



9,961 
31 



1.186 



847 
339 



119 
21 

895 
29 



529 

2,200 
3,086 



85 
29,172 



473,679 



2,630 



51 
2,579 

323,589 

1,185 

8,241 

4,737 

57,391 

29,593 

12,071 

1,404 

14,323 

7,515 

69,400 

175,120 



See footnotes at end of table. 



34 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 
TABLE 13A. — Medicinal chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1960 — Continued 



Chemical 



Production''" 



Sales ^ 



Quantity Value 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS, CYCLIC—Continued 

Alicyclic and fle terocycl ic--Continued 

Antibiotics for animal feed supplements, food preservation, 

and crop spraying, total 

Penicillin salts 

All other 

Antihistamines, total 

2- [ 1- (p-Chlorophenyl ) -3-dimethylaminopropyl] pyridine 

maleate (Chlorophenylpyridamine maleate) 

2- [3- (Dimethylamino) -1-phenylpropyl] pyridine maleate 

All other 

Barbituric acid derivatives, total 

5-Allyl-5-(l-methylbutyl)barblturic acid (Secobarbital) 

and salt 

5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-n-butyl)barbituric acid 

(Pentobarbital) 

5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-n-butyl)barbiturlc acid, sodium salt- 
5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbiturio acid (Phenobarbital) (Luminal) 

5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbiturio acid, sodium salt 

All other 

Bile acids and salts, total 

Dehydrocholic acid 

Ketocholanio acids 

All other 

Caffeine, natural and synthetic 

5 -Chloro-7-lodo-8-quinolinol ( lodochlorohydroxyquinoline ) — 

'i,7-Dichloroqulnollne 

Dihydrocodelnone bitartrate 

5,7-Diiodo-8-qulnolinol 

Hydrocortisone alcohol and acetate 

Piperazine 

Piperazine derivatives 

8-(Jalnolinol base 

Theophylline base and derivatives, total 

Theophylline ethylenediamine (Aminophylllne) 

All other 

Tranquilizers 

Vitamins, total 

A (Alcohol and esters),' from all sources 

Bi (Thiamine derivatives) 

Ba (Riboflavin) (100^) 

Bft (Pyridoxine) 

Bi2, all grades^ 

Dj (Irradiated ergosterol) 

D3 (Irradiated animal sterol)'''' 

Niacin (Nicotinic acid) including animal feed grade 

Niacinamide 

All other 

All other alicyclic and heterocyclic medicinals 

MEDICINAL CHEMICAI5, ACYCLIC 

Total - 

Acetylmethionine 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1^000 

pounds 
1.199 



122 
1,077 



151 



282 
"~5J 



2,03-; 



't,861 



TT6 
328 
525 



2,435 
580 
400 

7,748 



37,299 



2, 000 

pounds 
1.126 



36 
1,090 



1,000 

dollars 
39.406 



34 
237 



141 
2,000 



872 
332 



18 
3,242 



383 
397 



(') 



1,244 
501 

715 

5,848 



32,897 



659 
38,747 



3,155 



312 

385 

2,458 

2,429 



41 
208 
703 

42 
1,324 

1,236 



1,236 
4,176 



3,373 

1,171 

401 



455 



455 
555 
52,184 



23,958 

4,801 

10,059 
164 
237 
1,742 
1,462 
9,761 

38,268 



35,445 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



35 



TABLE 13A. — Medicinal chemicals: U.S. production and sales , 1960 — Continued 



Production^ 



Sales^ 



CJaantity 



Unit 
value ^ 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Amino acids, total 

/3-Alanine 

All other 

Betaine hydrochloride 

Choline and salts, total 

Choline chloride, for animal and poultry feed, and for 

use as an intermediate 

All other 

Tranquilizers: 2-Methyl-2-n-prapyl-l,3-prc^anediol 

dioarbamate 

Vitamins, total 

Ascorbic acid and derivatives, total 

Ascorbic acid 

All other 

Pantothenic acid and derivatives, total 

Pantothenic acid, dl-calcium salt 

All other 

All other acyclic medioinals 



1 ,000 

pounds 
5,163 



pounds 
4,212 



402 
4,761 



15,176 



376 
3,836 



14,605 



ifOOO 

dollars 

6,299 



pound 

$1.50 



643 
5,656 



27 
3,573 



1.71 
1.47 



1.04 
.24 



14,980 
196 



989 
6,202 



5,275 
4,487 
788 
927 
641 
286 

9,769 



14,406 
199 



970 
4,753 



4,039 
3,382 
657 
714 
550 
164 

8,327 



3,389 

184 



3,480 
16,500 



.24 
.92 



3.47 



13,348 
11,085 
2,263 
3,152 
1,311 
1,841 

5,548 



3.30 
3.28 
3.44 
4.41 
2.38 
11.23 

.67 



'■ The data on production are those for medicinal chemicals in bulk; they do not include finished preparations, 
such as tablets, capsules, and ampoules, which are manufactured from bulk medicinal chemicals. 

^ Except for antibiotics, sales include only that part of the original production which is sold in undiluted or 
uncompounded form including that sold in bulk and that sold in packages (tablets, ampoules, etc.). Sales of antibi- 
otics include all forms (both undiluted or uncompounded and diluted or oonpounded) including that sold in bulk and 
that sold in packages . 

' Calculated from rounded figures. 

* Reported production and sales in 1960 of penicillin salts in terms of international (U.S. P.) units are shown in 
the following tabulation (the conversions to international (U.S. P.) units for all penicillin salts, except procaine 
penicillin G, are based on the penicillin G standard established by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, i.e., 
1,667 units per milligram; procaine penicillin G conversion is based on 1,000 international (U.S. P.) units per 
milligram) : 





Production 


Sales 


Chemical 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit value 


Penicillin salts, total-- 


Billion 

international units 

498,130 


Billion 

international units 

386,760 


1,000 

dollars 
53,391 


Per billion 

international units 

$138.05 


Potassium penicillin 

Procaine penicillin G~ 

Sodium penicillin 

All other - 


205,281 

227,022 

19,768 

46,059 


148,684 
189,138 
15,418 
33,520 


25; 593 

12,071 
1,404 
14,323 


172.13 
63.82 
91.06 

427.30 



Production and sales of procaine penicillin G for 1958 and 1959, based on 1,000 international (U.S. P.) units per 
milligram, were as follows: 1958 production, 452,267 pounds, sales, 473,242 pounds, valued at $18,795,000; 1959 pro- 
duction, 510,109 pounds, sales, 446,579 pounds, valued at $14,732,000. 

' Commercial sales are based on international (U.S. P.) units. 

' The reported production of penicillin salts, used principally for "riimai feed supplements, amounted to approx- 
imately 92 trillion units in 1960. 

Quantities reported in units have been converted to pounds by using as a conversion factor the average number 
of international (U.S. P.) units per pound for the medicinal grade, as determined by the U.S. Food and Drug Adminis- 
tration. Production of vitamin A alcohol and esters from all sources totaled 489,454 billion U.S. P. units; sales 
totaled 361,408 billion U.S. P. units. 

* Production of vitamin Bia, all grades, totaled 1,073 pounds; sales totaled 862 pounds. 

' Production of vitamin Dj totaled 16,100 billion U.S. P. units; sales totaled 8,392 billion U.S. P. units. Calcu- 
lated at the rate of 18.14 billion units per pound, production totaled 888 pounds and sales totaled 463 pounds. 

^° Production of vitamin D3 totaled 39,584 billion U.S. P. units; sales totaled 13,534 billion U.S. P. units. Calcu- 
lated at the rate of 18.14 billion units per pound, production totaled 2,182 pounds and sales totaled 746 pounds. 



36 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



Flavor and Perfume Materials 



Flavor and perfume materials are chemicals --with desirable flavors or odors--that are 
used in the manufacture of foods, beverages, cosmetics, and soaps, and to disguise unpleasant 
odors in industrial products. This report includes data on materials derived from natural prod- 
ucts by actual chemical processes and from coal tar; it does not include data on purely natural 
products, such as floral essences, essential oils, and other materials that are obtained by sim- 
ple extraction or by distillation from natural vegetable and animal sources. 

The flavor and perfume materials covered in this report are grouped as either cyclic or 
acyclic materials, according to their chemical structure. Cyclic materials are further classi- 
fied as (1) benzenoid and naphthalenoid, and (2) terpenoid, heterocyclic, and alicyclic. Statistics 
on production and sales of flavor and perfume materials in I960 are given in table 14A.^ 

Production of flavor and perfume materials as a group totaled 55 million pounds--9. 9 per- 
cent more than the 1959 output of 50 million pounds. Sales in I960 amounted to 47 million 
pounds, valued at $60 million, compared with 45 million pounds, valued at $57 million, in 1959. 

TABLE 14A. — Flavor and perfume materials: U.S. production and sales, 1960 

[ Listed below are all synthetic organic flavor and perfume materials for which any reported data on production or 
sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be pub- 
lished or where no data were reported.) Table UB in pt. Ill lists alphabetically all flavor and perfume materials 
for which data on production or sales were reported and Identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Qiantity 



Unit 
value-"- 



Grand total 

FLAVOR AND PEfiFUME MAXERIAIS, CYCLIC 
Total 

Benzenoid and Naphthalenoid 
Total - 

<i-Allylveratrole (Eugenyl methyl ether) 

Anethole (p-Propenylanisole) 

p-Anisaldehyde (p-Methoxybenzaldehyde) 

Benzophenone^ 

Benzyl acetate 

Benzyl alcohol^ ^ 

Benzyl benzoate^ 

Benzyl cinnamate 

Benzyl propionate 

Benzyl salicylate 

Cinnamaldehyde 

Cinnamyl alcohol 

2-Ethoxynaphthalene (Ethyl P -naphthyl ether) 

Ethyl a ,p-epoxy-p-methylhydrocinnamate 

Eugenol 

Isobutyl phenylaoetate 

Isobutyl salicylate 

Isoeugenol 

Isopentyl salicylate (Amyl salicylate) 

p-Isopropyl-a-methylhydroclnnamaldehyde (Cyclamen aldehyde) 

'I'-Methoxyacetophenone 

Methyl anthranilate 

a-lfethylbenzyl acetate 

Methyl salicylate (Synthetic wintergreen oil) 

a-Pentylcinnamaldehyde (a-Amylctnnamaldehyde) 

Phenethyl acetate 

Phenethyl isobutyrate 

2-Phenoxyethyl isobutyrate 

A-Propenylveratrole (Isoeugenyl methyl ether) 

All other benzenoid and naphthalenoid materials 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 
55,288 



1.000 
pounds 
A7,061 



1,000 
dollars 
60,103 



33,027 



25,781 



37,393 



15, 6« 



l';,230 



18,078 



73^ 

662 

320 

1,130 

1,115 

187 

3 

17 

SA 

564 

lU 

7 



343 

172 

20 

76 

24 

3,408 

424 

69 

4 

2 

7 

5,747 



513 

280 

978 

983 

179 

3 

14 

90 

503 

122 

6 

7 

208 

23 

39 

72 

334 

114 

10 

66 

3,184 

350 

58 

4 

2 

7 

6,081 



784 

284 

504 

457 

106 

10 

17 

118 

251 

177 

14 

28 

371 

21 

28 

231 

199 

419 

20 

139 

1,768 
488 



32 
11,525 



Per 
pound 



$1.28 



1.53 

1.02 

.52 

.46 

.59 

3.33 

1.23 

1.32 

.50 

1.45 

2.32 

4.27 

1.78 

.92 

.73 

3.20 

.60 

3.68 

1.96 

2.12 

.56 
1.39 
1.11 
2.45 
4.93 
4.32 
1.90 



• See also uble 14B, pt. m, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers, and uble 24 in appendix A, 
which shows imports of coal-tar flavor and perfume materials during the years 1958-60. 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 
TABLE \AA.— Flavor and perfume materials: U.S. production and sales , i960~Continued 



37 



(Jjantlty 



Unit 
value"- 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIAI£, CYCLIC— Continued 
Terpenoid, heterocyclic, and Alicyclic 



Total- 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
pounds 
11,551 



1,000 
dollars 
19,315 



Cedryl acetate 

Cltral (Geranlal) 

Cltronellol 

Cltronellyl formate 

Coumarln 

Ethyl oxyhydrate 

Geraniol 

Geranyl acetate 

Geranyl formate 

Hydrocoumarin (3,<4— Dlhydrocoumarin)- 

Hydroxyoitronellal 

Hydrojcycltronellal, dimethyl acetal- 

lonones, total 

a-Ionone 

p-Ionone 

lonone (aandP) 



58 

508 
23 

672 
39 

'i57 

18 
286 



70 

81 
337 

20 
697 

X 
235 

34 
2 

U 
219 



124 
269 
574 

58 
1,927 

31 
326 

60 
7 

65 



Isobomyl acetate 

Linalool 

Linalyl acetate 

Menthol, synthetic, tech. 

Methyllonones 

Nerol 



Piperonal (Heliotrqpin) 

Rhodinol 

Terpineols 

Terpinyl acetate 

Vetivenyl acetate ■ 

All other terpenoid, heterocyclic, and alicyclic materials* 

FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIAI^, ACYCLIC 



44 
198 
87 

709 
260 
262 
323 
345 



3,144 
560 



8,928 



22,261 



17 
170 
91 

668 

202 

183 

306 

314 

11 

225 

11 

2,844 

599 

10 

4,153 



21,280 



623 

307 

282 

546 

483 

1,493 

1,477 

75 

550 

525 

746 

269 

267 

7,240 



22,710 



Allyl hexanoate (Allyl caproate) 

Ethyl butyrate 

Glutamic acid, monosodium salt (Monosodium glutamate)- 
4-ItrdToxyundecanoic acid,Y-lactone (Y-Undeoalactone) — 

Isopentyl butyrate (Amyl butyrate) 

n-Octyl isobutyrate 

All other acyclic materials 



167 
21,640 



188 
20,660 



40 
6 

375 



15 

125 

21,567 

23 

28 

4 

948 



pound 



$1.67 



1.76 
3.33 
1.70 
2.94 
2.76 
.90 
1.39 
1.76 
4.21 
4.63 
4.06 
4.79 

3.65. 



5.09 
3.66 
3.37 

.42 

2.70 

2.65 

4.88 

4.70 

6.77 

2.45 

46.21 

.26 

.45 

27.54 

1.75 



1.07 



2.40 
.66 

1.04 

4.51 
.70 
.65 

2.53 



Calculated from the unrounded figures. 
^ Includes some technical grade. 
' Includes some medicinal grade. 
* Includes chemically modified essential oils. 

Production of cyclic flavor and perfume materials in 1960 amounted to 33 million pounds-- 
11.3 percent more than the 30 million pounds reported for 1959. Sales of cyclic flavor and per- 
fume materials in I960 were 26 million pounds, valued at $37 million, compared with 24 million 
pounds, valued at $34 million, in 1959. The individual chemical in the cyclic group that was 
produced in the greatest volume in I960 was methyl salicylate (3 million pounds). 

The output of acyclic flavor and perfxime materials in I960 amounted to 22. 3 million 
pounds--?. 9 percentmore than the 20. 6 million pounds reported for 1959. By far the most important 
of the acyclic materials was monosodium glutamate, production of which totaled 21.6 million 
pounds. Sales of acyclic flavor and perfume materials in 1960 amounted to 21.3 million pounds, 
valued at $22.7 million, compared with 21. 1 million pounds, valued at $22, 1 million, in 1959. 

Plastics and Resin Materials 
Plastics and resin materials are condensation or polymerization products of organic chem- 
icals containing necessary fillers, plasticizers, and extenders. At some stage in their manufac- 
ture they exist in such physical condition that they can be shaped or processed by the application 
of heat and pressure. Some types of plastics may be molded, cast, or extruded into finished or 
semifinished forms. Other types are used as adhesives, for the treatment of textiles and paper, 
and for protective coatings. Still other types of plastics materials may be processed into sheets. 



38 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



rods, and tubes, which are further manufactured into finished articles. Except for vinyl resins, 
the statistics given in the following tables are based on the total weight of the materials, exclud- 
ing liquids. Statistics on vinyl resins are given on the basis of resin content. 

Statistics on production and sales of plastics and resins in I960 are given in table 15A^ ac- 
cording to chemical composition, and in table 16 according to broad end uses. In I960 the total 
production of all synthetic plastics and resin nnaterials (except cellulosics) amounted to 6, 143 
million pounds, or 4. 7 percent more than the 5, 865 million pounds reported for 1959. Sales 
amounted to 5, 347 million pounds, valued at $1, 653 million, in I960, compared with 5, 170 mil- 
lion pounds, valued at $1, 640 million, in 1959. 

TABLE 15A. — Plastics and resin materials: U.S. production and sales, by chemical composition, 1960 

[(Jiantitles and values are given in terms of the total weight of the materials (dry basis). Listed below are all 
plastics and resin materials for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. Table 15B in pt. 
Ill lists all plastics and resin materials for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the 
manufacturer of each ] 



Sales 



Qaantity 



Unit value-"- 



Grand total 

PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, BENZENOID 

Total 

Coumarone-indene and petroleum polymer resins 

Epoxy resins: 

Unmodified (condensation products of phenol and deriva- 
tives with epoxy compounds) 

Modified (with hardening agents and esterified with fatty 
acids) 

Phenolic and other tar-acid resins, total 

Unmodified, total *• 

Cresols-formaldehyde 

Cresylio acid-formaldehyde 

Phenol(and substituted phenols) -formaldehyde 

Resorcinol-formaldehyde 

All other-- 

Modified, total 

Phenol(and substituted phenols) -formaldehyde with 

modifiers (except rosin) 

Rosin and rosin esters modified with phenolic and other 

tar-aold resins (hard res-ins) 

All other 

Phthalic alkyd resins, total 

Unmodified 

Modified 

Polyester resins-' 

Polyurethaue and diisooyanate res -ins 

Styrene resins, total 

Polystyrene 

Styrene -aorylonit rile copolymer 

Styrene-alkyd polyesters (for protective coatings) 

Styrene-butadiene copolymer (containing 50% or more 

styrene) , total 

Latexes 

Other 

Styrene -divinylbenzene copolymer 

All other styrene resins 

All other benzenoid plastics and resin materials* 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 pounds, 
dry basis ^ 
6,U2,649 



1,000 pounds, 
dry basis ^ 
5,346,79-4 



1,000 
dollars 
1,652,788 



2,716,094 



264,859 



57,952 
8,259 



650,808 



533,007 
7,314 
7,723 

496,558 

1,259 

20,153 

117,801 

66,508 

34,117 
17,176 

464,724 



345,778 
118,946 



189,530 
5,281 



1,061,737 



686,390 
36,486 
29,731 

209,462 
134,072 
75,390 
22,267 
77,401 

12,944 



2,227,866 



275,539 



51,166 
2,160 



531,244 



464,717 

3,173 

2,192 

443,047 

1,305 

15,000 

66,527 

21,296 

28,908 
16,323 

200,407 



143,738 
56,669 



171,631 
3,837 



979,632 



652,389 
31,428 
21,690 

187,605 
123,910 
63,695 
21,022 
65,498 

12,250 



627,516 



29,362 



31,545 
1,407 



146,567 



127,591 

1,314 

623 

118,264 

1,224 

6,166 

18,976 

5,364 

7,299 
6,313 

67,386 



48,238 
19,148 

69,465 
3,453 

271,686 



154,812 
10,762 
9,100 

62,242 
34,485 
27,757 
13,702 
21,068 

6,645 



$0.31 



' See also table 15B, pt. HI, which lists these products according to chemical composition, and identifies the manufacturers. 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 39 

TABLE 15A.— Plastics and resin materials: U.S. production and sales, by chemical composition, i560~ Continued 



(Jiantlty 



Value Unit value^ 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, NONBENZENOIL 
Total - — 

Acetone-formaldehyde resins 

Alkyd resins, except phthalio, total 

Unmodified 

Modified, total — 

Rosin and rosin esters, modified with maleie and fumario 

acids only (hard resins) 

All other 

Dicyandiamide resins 

Polyamlde resins 

Polyethylene resins, total 

High-pressure process 

Low-pressure process 

Polypropylene resins 

Rosin modifications, total 

Rosin adduot resins 

Rosin and rosin esters, unmodified (ester gums), total- 

Esterlfled with glycerol 

Esterified with other alcohols (methanol, glycols, 

pentaerythritol, etc. ) 

All other 

Silicone resins 

Urea and melamine resins, total 

Melamine-formaldehyde type 

Urea-formaldeliyde type 

Vinyl and vinyl copolymer resins (resin content), total — 

Polyvinyl acetate 

Polyvinyl alcohol 

Polyvinyl chloride and copolymer resins (containing 50% 

or more polyvinyl chloride) 

All other vinyl resins^ 

All other nonbenzenoid plastioq and resin materials* 



1,000 pounds, 

dry basis ^ 

3,426,555 



1,000 pounds, 
dry basis ^ 
3,118,928 



dollars 
1,025,272 



$0.33 



91,676 



37,056 
54,620 



49,171 
5,449 



2,370 
36,538 



1,337,160 



367 
67,685 



W5 
22,566 



1,112,683 
224,477 



40,949 
66,354 



29,619 
38,066 



36,421 
1,645 



2,296 
29,319 



1,195,018 



12,589 
9,977 



9,415 
562 



703 
29,601 



3,301 
56,746 
24,702 

32,044 
6,307 

5,125 

398,989 



1,028,106 
166,912 



34,770 
64,068 



288,001 
54,543 



14,208 
13,546 



.33 
.43 
.26 

.26 
.34 

.31 
1.01 



.29 
.28 
.33 



130,804 
268,185 



1,202,970 



1,909 
56,415 
24, U8 

32,267 
5,744 

4,625 

363,250 



156,298 
34,725 



935,508 
76,439 



244,050 



116,875 
246,375 



1,129,844 



444 
11,649 
5,238 

6,411 
1,453 

13,067 

105,456 



133,103 
22,967 



900,431 
73,343 



227,686 



52,254 
53,202 



329,112 



.21 
.23 
.21 
.22 

.20 
.25 



45,938 
U,203 



208,550 
60,421 



154,324 



Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ For the purposes of this report, "dry hasis" is defined as the total weight of the material, including resin, 
plasticizers, fillers, extenders, colors, and stabilizers, and excluding water, solvents, and other liquid diluents. 

■* For the purposes of this report, polyester resins include unsaturated alkyds copolymerized with monomers such as 
styrene, and polyallyl resins such as diallyl phthalate and allyl diglycol carbonate. Styrene-allsyd polyesters for 
protective coatings are included under "Styrene resins." 

* Includes data for aniline-formaldehyde, toluenesulfonamide, and other benzenoid plastics and resin materials not 
specifically classified. 

' Includes data for polyvinyl alcohol, butyral, and formal, and for copolymers containing less than 50* polyvinyl 
chloride. 

' Includes data for acrylic and other nonbenzenoid plastics and resin materials. 

Total production of benzenoid plastics and resins was 2,716 million pounds in 1960- -slightly 
larger than the output of 2,646 million pounds reported for 1959. Sales in 1960 amounted to 
2,228 million pounds, valued at $628 million. Of the benzenoid group, styrene resins were pro- 
duced in the largest volume in 1960, as in previous years. The output of styrene resins in 1960 
was 1,062 million pounds; sales totaled 980 million pounds, valued at $272 million. Second in 
volume of output in the benzenoid group in 1960 were the phenolic and other tar-acid resins. 
Production of these resins in 1960 was 651 million pounds; sales amounted to 531 million pounds, 
valued at $147 million. The phthalic alkyd resins, used principally in the manufacture of protec- 
tive coatings, were third in volume of production in the benzenoid group; production in 1960 
amounted to 465 million pounds. The output of epoxy resins in 1960 waj 66 million pounds; that 
of polyester resins was 190 million pounds. 



40 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



Production of nonbenzenoid plastics and resins in I960 amounted to 3,427 million pounds, 
compared with the 3,219 million pounds reported for 1959. Sales of these resins in I960 
amounted to 3, 1 19 million pounds, valued at $1 , 025 million, compared with 2, 970 million 
pounds, valued at $1,034 million, in 1959. Of the nonbenzenoid group, polyethylene resins were 
produced in the largest volume in I960. The output of polyethylene resins amounted to 1, 337 
million pounds in 1960, compared with 1, 195 million pounds in 1959. Sales of polyethylene resins 
in I960 totaled 1, 195 million pounds, valued at $343 million, compared with 1,116 million 
pounds, valued at $355 million, in 1959. In this report, statistics are given for production and 
sales of polyethylene resins produced by both the high-pressure and the low-pressure processes. 
The output of vinyl resins in 1960, which ranked next to that of polyethylene resins, amounted to 
1,203 million pounds, compared with 1, 166 million pounds in 1959. Sales of vinyl resins in I960 
totaled 1, 130 million pounds, valued at $329 million, compared with 1, 102 million pounds, val- 
ued at $340 million, in 1959. 



TABLE 16. — Plastics and resin materials: U.S. production and sales, by classes and uses, 1960 

[In thaasands of pounds, dry basis-"-] 



Cellulose plastics, total 

Cellulose acetate and mixed esters: 

Sheets, continuous, under 0.003 gage 

Sheets, continuous, 0.003 gage and over 

All other sheets, rods, and tubes (including other cellulose plastics) 

Molding and extrusion materials (including other cellulose plastics) 

Nitrocellulose sheets, rods, and tubes — 

Phenolic and other tar-aoid resins, total 

Molding materials 

Bonding and adhesive resins for — 

Laminating 

Coated and bonded abrasives 

Friction materials 

Thermal insulation 

Plywood 

All other bonding and adhesive uses 

Protective coatings: 

Unmodified 

Modified, except by rosin 

Rosin esters modified by phenolic and other tar-acid resins (hard resins) 

Resins for all other uses 

Urea and melamine resins, total • 

Textile-treating and textile-ooatlng resins 

Paper-treating and paper-coating res-Inn 

Bonding and adhesive resins for — 

Laminating - 

Plywood 

All other bonding and adhesive uses 

Protective coating resins, straight and modified 

Resins for all other uses, including molding 

Styrene resins, total 

Molding materials: 

Straight polystyrene 

All other 

Protective-coating resins, straight and modified^ . 

Textile and paper treating and coating resins 

Resins for all other uses 

Vinyl and vinyl copolymer resins (resin content), total 

Polyvinyl chloride and copolymer resins (containing 50^ or more polyvinyl ohlorlda) 
for— 
Film (under 0.010 gage) 

Sheeting (0.010 gage and over) 

Molding and extrusion — — — — ..»-..-... 

Textile and paper treating and coating 

Flooring 

Protective coatings — — 

All other uses — 

All other vinyl resins for — 

Adhesives — _——__.— — — _____-__• — — ._- 

Protective coatings —_—■—— — — -.- .. — —_—.._——- 

All other uses — - — ————————— — ———————— 



U2,573 



18,562 
22,3A6 

9,300 
91,217 

1,U8 

650,808 



207,195 

71,703 
U,653 
22,069 
84, W5 
70,529 
70,755 

23,576 

3,231 

32,533 

50,419 

398 ,989 
UTSzT 

32,019 

35,425 
92,334 
30,979 
41,244 
122,161 

1,061,737 



351,987 

379,391 

76,045 

70,434 

183,880 

1,202,970 



See footnotes at end of table. 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS 

TABLE 16. — Plastics and resin materials: U.S. production and sales, by classes and uses, 1960 — Continued 

[In thousands of pounds, dry basis^] 



Alkyd resins, total 

For protective coatings: 
Phthalic anhydride types: 

Unmodified 

Modified 

Polybasio acid types: 

Unmodified 

Modified (except by rosin) 

Rosin esters modified with maleio and fumaric acids only (hard resins) 
For all other uses 

Rosin esters: 

Unmodified (ester gums) for protective coatings 

All other modifications for protective coatings and other uses 

Coumarone-indene and petroleum polymer resins 

Polyester resins, total 

For reinforced plastics 

For all other uses 

Polyethylene resins, total 

For film and sheeting 

Molding materials 

Extrusion materials 

For all other uses 

Polypropylene 

Epoxy resins, total 

For protective coatings 

For all other uses 

Silicone resins 

Miscellaneous plastics and resin materials^ 



556,<;00 



268,092 



352,207 


143,025 


108,694 


54,808 


13,251 


6,073 


9,275 


5,493 


37,852 


26,515 


35,121 


32,178 


21,660 


20,893 


49,635 


47,167 


264,859 


275,539 


189,530 


171,631 


152,946 


140,800 


36,584 


30,831 


1,337,160 


1,195,018 




386,837 




165,807 




155,991 




486,383 


40,949 


34,770 


66,211 


53,326 


17,672 


22,655 


48,539 


30,671 


5,125 


4,625 


293,765 


258,429 



^ For the purposes of this report, "dry basis" is defined as the total weight of the material, mcLudtng that of 
resin, plasticizers, fillers, extenders, colors, and stabilizers, and excluding that of water, solvents, and other 
liquid diluents. 

' Includes data for styrene-alkyd polyester resins. 

■* Includes data for acrylic, toluenesulfonamlde, and other plastics and resin materials. 

Note. — The figures in the above table are based on the Tariff Commission's monthly reports on the production and 
sales of synthetic plastics and resin materials. While the group totals are in substantial agreement with those 
given in table 15A, they are partially estimated, and may not be correlated exactly with those given in that table. 
The data given in the above table are more nearly conjilete than those given in the Tariff Commission's release for 
January 1961, which gave a summation of the data reported by months for 1960. Changes in classification and an in- 
crease in coverage on some products result in some differences between the detail figures given in the above table 
and those given in the January 1961 release. 

The output of urea and melamine resins in 1960 was 399 million pounds. Sales of these res- 
ins amounted to 363 million pounds, valued at $105 million. Other important resins in the non- 
benzenoid group are the acrylic, polyamide, silicone, and nonphthalic alkyd resins. 

The statistics shown in table 16 on the production and sales of plastics and resins, by uses, 
were compiled principally from the Tariff Commission's monthly surveys on production and 
sales of synthetic plastics and resin materials. The largest single use reported for plastics ma- 
terials in 1960, as in previous years, was for the molding and extrusion of finished and semi- 
finished articles. Other important uses for which statistics are shown are for adhesives, 
treatment of textiles and paper, protective coatings, and bonding materials. 

Production of cellulose plastics as a group amounted to 143 million pounds in 1960. Sales in 
1960 were 140 million pounds, compared with 152 million pounds in 1959. 



Rubber-Processing Chemicals 

Rubber -processing chemicals are organic compounds that are added to natural and synthetic 
rubbers to give them qualities necessary for their conversion into finished rubber goods. In this 
report, statistics are given for cyclic and acyclic compounds by use--such as accelerators. 



42 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



antioxidants, and peptizers. Statistics on production and sales of rubber-processing chemicals 
in 1960 are given in table 17A.8 

Production of rubber-processing chemicals as a group in 1960 amounted to 200 million 
pounds, or 5. percent less than the 210 million pounds reported for 1959. The smaller total 
output of rubber -processing chemicals in 1960 is attributable principally to decreased produc- 
tion of cyclic and acyclic accelerators. Sales of rubber-processing chemicals in I960 amounted 
to 153 million pounds, valued at $101 million, compared with 159 million pounds, valued at $102 
million, in 1959. 

The output of cyclic rubber -processing chemicals in I960 amounted to 171 million pounds, 
or 4. 1 percent less than the 178 million pounds reported for 1959. Sales were 130 million 
pounds, valued at $85 million, in I960, compared with 134 million pounds, valued at $86 million, 
in 1959. Of the total output of cyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1960, accelerators ac- 
counted for 38.9 percent and antioxidants, for 44. 7 percent. Production of antioxidants, which 
amounted to 76. 2 million pounds in I960, included 60. 5 million pounds of amino compounds and 
15. 7 million pounds of hydroxy compounds. In 1959 the output of amino antioxidants amounted 
to 41. 7 million pounds and that of hydroxy antioxidants, to 17. 2 million pounds. Sales of amino 
antioxidants in I960 were 51. 5 million pounds, valued at $32. 7 million; sales of hydroxy anti- 
oxidEuits were 10.0 million pounds, valued at $9. 2 million. 

Production of acyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1960 amounted to 29. 3 million 
pounds, compared with the 32. 5 million pounds reported for 1959. Sales in I960 totaled 22. 4 
million pounds, valued at $16. 5 million, compared with 24. 7 million pounds, valued at $16. 1 
million, in 1959. Accelerators, principally dithiocarbamic acid derivatives and tetramethyl- 
thiuram sulfides, accounted for about 59.9 percent of the output of acyclic rubber-processing 
chemicals in 1960. Peptizers and modifiers - -chiefly dodecyl mercaptans, together with lubri- 
cating and conditioning agents- -accounted for approximately 37. 8 percent of the output in the 
acyclic group. 

TABLE n A.— Rubber-processing chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1960 

[Usted below are all rubber-processing chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. Table 17B in pt. Ill lists separately all rubber-processing chemicals for which data on production or 
sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



HJBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICAIS, CYCLIC 



Total- 



Accelerators, total 

Aldehyde-amines 

Dithiocarbamic acid derivatives 

Thiazole derivatives, total 

N-Cyclohexyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamlde- 

2,2'-Dithiobis(benzothiazole) 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, zinc salt 

All other^ 

All other accelerators 



Antioxidants (amino and hydroxy compounds), total^- 

Amino compounds, total 

N,N'-Diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine 

All other 

Hydroxy compounds, total 

Phenol, alkylated 

All other 



Blowing agents 

Peptizers -- 

All other cyclic rubber-processing chemicals - 



See footnotes at end of table. 



199,759 



170,465 



66,285 



2,206 

283 

55,602 

5,710 
17,542 

7,236 

3,467 
21,647 

8,194 

76,173 



60,446 

2,264 

58,182 

15,727 

7,236 

8,491 

3,650 
4,769 
19,588 



Quantity 



1,000 
pounds 
152,536 



130,155 



43,426 



1,457 
212 
33,664 

5,156 
10,075 

4,397 

2,688 
11,348 

8,093 

61,511 



51,474 
2,150 
49,324 
10,037 
3,028 
7,009 

3,416 
4,215 
17,587 



1,000 
dollars 

101,038 



• See also table 178. pt. ni, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacnirers. 



84,563 



26,442 

1,287 

338 

18,383 
3,425 
5,026 
1,826 
1,198 
6,908 
6,434 

41,820 



32,651 
1,896 

30,755 
9,169 
1,775 
7,394 

3,347 
3,461 
9,493 



Unit 
value^ 



$0.66 



.65 



.61 

733 

1.59 
.55 
.66 
.50 
.42 
.45 
.61 



.68 

.88 
.62 
.91 
.59 
1.05 

.98 
.82 
.54 



ELASTOMERS (SYNTHETIC RUBBERS) 



43 



TABLE 17A. — Rubber-processing chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1960 — Continued 



Quantity 



Unit 
value'' 



HJBBER-PROCESSING CHQ1ICAI3, ACYCLIC 
Total — 

Accelerators, total • 

Dithiocarbamio acid derivatives, total' 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Dlethyldlthiooarbamie acid, zinc salt 

Dimethyldithlocarbamio acid, potassium salt 

Dimethyldlthiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

All other 

Thiurams, total* 

Bis (dime thy lthlooarbamoyl)disuli"ide 

All other '■ 

All other accelerators 

Blowing agents 

Peptizers, modifiers, and conditioning and lubricating 

agents, total 

Dodecyl mercaptans 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 
29, 29-^ 



1,000 
pounds 
22,381 



1,000 
dollars 
16,A75 



17,538 



11,772 



10,961 



11,169 
1,042 
1,437 

367 
4,010 
4,313 
6,176 
4,472 
1,704 

193 



9,488 
1,580 



6,618 

982 

896 

71 

2,363 

2,306 

5,065 

3,563 

1,502 

89 

457 



10,152 



8,913 
1,239 



6,125 

1,099 

790 

37 

1,795 

2,404 

4,740 

3,U1 

1,599 

96 

752 



4,762 



4,239 
523 



$0.74 



■ 93 
.93 

1.12 
.88 
.52 
.76 

1.04 
.94 
.88 

1.06 

1.08 



^ Calculated from rounded figures . 

^ Includes small quantities produced and sold for uses other than rubber processing. 

^ Data on production and sales of aldehyde and acetone amine antioxidants are included below in "All other cyclic 
rubber-processing chemicals." 

* Includes aldehyde and acetone amines, inhibitors, modifiers, stabilizers, and tacMfiers. 

' Data on dithiocarbamates included in this table are for materials used chiefly in the processing of natural and 
synthetic rubbers. Data on dithiocarbamates which are used as fungicides are reported in the section "Pesticides and 
Other Organic Agricultural Chemicals . " 

* Includes data for small amounts of tetramethylthiuram sulfides for uses other than In the processing of natural 
and synthetic rubbers. 



Elastomers (Synthetic Rubbers) 

The synthetic-rubber industry in the United States developed largely as the result of short- 
ages of natural rubber during World War II. During the war several types of elastomers were 
developed and produced on a large scale. The most important of these was the styrene-butadiene 
copolymer, or S-type elastomer, a general -purpose material used in the manufacture of automo- 
bile tires and other rubber goods. Other types of elastomers, which are more specialized as to 
uses, include the nitrile type, or N-type; neoprene; polyalkalene sulfide; and silicone elastomers. 

The total domestic output of all types of elastomers in 1960 ainounted to 2,952 million 
pounds, representing a slight increase over the 2,825 million pounds reported for 1959. Sales of 
elastomers covered by this report amounted to 2, 551 million pounds, valued at $698 million, in 
I960, compared with 2,601 million pounds, valued at $693 million, in 1959. Statistics on pro- 
duction and sales of elastomers are given in table ISA.' 

Production of cyclic elastomers, which consisted chiefly of the polybutadiene-styrene type 
(S-type), amounted to 2,283 million pounds in 1960, compared with 2,213 million pounds in 1959. 
Sales of these elastomers cunounted to 1,949 million pounds, valued at $469 million, in 1960, 
compared with 2,006 million pounds, valued at $463 million, in 1959. Data on production of poly- 
urethane type elastomers also are shown separately; production of such elastomers in I960 to- 
taled 6. 8 million pounds. 

The output of acyclic elastomers, including neoprene, butyl, N-type, silicone, and other 
types, amounted to 669 million pounds in I960, connpared with 613 million pounds in 1959-- 
representing an increase of 9.2 percent. Sales of these elastomers amounted to 602 million 
pounds, valued at $229 million, in I960, compared with 594 million pounds, valued at $230 mil- 
lion, in 1959. Production of silicone elastomers in I960 totaled 4. 9 million pounds. 

» See (lie table 188, pt. ID, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturen. 



44 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 
TABLE 18A. — Elastomers (synthetic rubbers): ^ U.S. production and sales, 1960 



[Listed btlow are all elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for which reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted In confidence and may not be published or where no 
data were reported.) Table 18B in pt. Ill lists alphabetically all elastomers for which data on production or 
sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each ] 



(Jjantity 



Unit 
value ^ 



Grand total 

ELASTOMERS, CYCLIC 

Total 

Polybutadiene-styrene type (S-type) 

Polybutadiene-styrene-vinylpyridine type 
Polyurethane type 

ELASTOMERS, ACYCLIC 

Total - - 

Polybutadiene-acrylonltrile type (N-type 

Polychloroprene type (Neoprene) 

Polylsobutylene-isoprene type (Butyl) 

Silicone type 

All other* 



1.000 

pounds ^ 

2,952,390 



1.000 

pounds^ 

2,550,707 



1.000 
dollars 



698,421 



2,283,190 



1,949,089 



469,258 



2,262,646 
13,746 
6,798 



669,200 



1,935,113 
7,284 
6,692 



601,618 



458,195 
4,740 
6,323 



229,163 



84,894 

301,150 

219,408 

4,940 

58,808 



72,594 



4,630 
524,394 



34," 



18,550 
175,825 



.24 
.65 
.94 



.38 
.48 



4.01 
.34 



•"■ The term "elastomers" is defined as substances in bale, crumb, powder, latex, and other crude forms, which can 
be vulcanized or similarly processed into materials that can be stretched at 68° F. to at least twice their origi- 
nal length and, after having been so stretched and the stress removed, will return with force to approximately 
their original length. 

^ Calculated from rounded figures . 

■' Elastomer-content basis. 

* Includes data for the production and sales of polyalkalene sulfide, polybutadiene, and polyisobutylene elasto- 
mers; and natural rubber modifications; and for sales of neoprene and butyl elastomers. 

Note. — Statistics on the production of S-type, N-type, butyl, and neoprene elastomers were con^jiled in coopera- 
tion with the U.S. Bureau of the Census. 

Plasticizers 



Plasticizers are organic chemicals that are added to synthetic plastics and resin materials 
to (1) improve workability during fabrication; (2) extend or modify the natural properties of these 
resins; or (3) develop new, improved properties not present in the original resins. Plasticizers 
reduce the viscosity of the resins and make it easier to shape and form them at high tempera- 
tures and pressures. They also impart flexibility and other desirable properties to the finished 
product. Statistics on production and sales of plasticizers are given in table 19A. 

Total U.S. production of all plasticizers in I960 amounted to 602 million pounds--a record 
high--compared with the 539 million pounds reported for 1959. Part of the increased output in 
I960 is accounted for by more complete coverage of producing firms. Sales in 1960 of the plas- 
ticizers covered by this report amounted to 500 million pounds, valued at $149 million, conn- 
pared with 476 million pounds, valued at $142 million, in 1959. 

Production of cyclic plasticizers in 1960, which consisted chiefly of phthalic anhydride and 
phosphoric acid esters and complex polymeric type materials, amounted to 445 million pounds, 
compared with 403 million pounds in 1959. Sales of cyclic plasticizers in I960 amounted to 384 
million pounds, valued at $104 million, compared with 362 million pounds, valued at $98 mil- 
lion, in 1959. The principal types of plasticizers included in the cyclic group are the esters of 
phthalic anhydride and phosphoric acid, and certain complex polynneric type materials. 

Production of acyclic plasticizers in I960 amounted to 157 million pounds, compared with 
the 136 million pounds reported for 1959. Sales of acyclic plasticizers in I960 amounted to 116 
million pounds, valued at $45 million, compared with 115 million pounds, valued at $44 million, 
in 1959. The principal products included in the acyclic class are esters of adipic, azelaic, oleic, 
phosphoric, sebacic, and stearic acids, and complex polymeric type plasticizers. 



10 See also table 19B, pt. Ill, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers. 



PIASTICIZERS 



45 



TABLE IQA.—Plasticizers: U.S. production and sales, 1960 

[Listed below are all plastlcizers for which reported data may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were reported.) Table 19B in pt. Ill 
lists all plastioizers for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of 
each] 



Production 



Quantity 



Unit 
value-"- 



Grand total 

PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC 

Total 

Phosphoric acid esters: 

Cresyl dlphenyl phosphate^ 

Trlcresyl phosphate^ 

Triphenyl phosphate 

Phthallc anhydride esters, total 

Butyl decyl phthalate 

Butyl octyl phthalate 

Dibutyl phthalate 

Dlcyclohexyl phthalate 

Didecanoyl phthalate (Dicapryl phthalate 
Diethyl phthalate 

Diisodecyl phthalate 

Dl(2-me-thoxyethyl) phthalate 

Dimethyl phthalate 

DiocCyl phthalates, total 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate 

Diiso-octyl phthalates and mixtures 

Dltrldecyl phthalate 

Octyl decyl phthalates, total 

Iso-octyl isodecyl phthalate 

n-Octyl n-deoyl phthalate 

All other phthallc anhydride esters 

All other cyclic plastioizers^ 

PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Adiplc acid esters, total 

Dl(2-ethylhexyl) adlpate 

Dllsobutyl adlpate 

Diisodecyl adlpate 

Diiso-octyl adlpate 

Octyl decyl adlpate 

Complex adiplc acid polyesters 

All other 

Azelaic acid esters, total 

Dl(2-ethylhexyl) azelate 

All other 

Dibutyl maleate 

Glycerol monoriclnoleate 

Oleic acid esters, total 

Butyl oleate 

Methyl oleate 

All other 

Phosphoric acid esters 

Sebaolc acid esters, total 

Dibutyl sebacate 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) sebacate 

All other 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 
602,135 



i-AAyllA 



12,874 

32,485 

9,466 

344,741 



4,752 

13,190 

18,946 

5,777 

4,364 

16,767 

35,538 

3,855 

3,386 

170,220 

123,396 

46,824 

582 

16,343 

6,276 

10,067 

51,021 

45,178 



157,391 



22,136 



3,040 

3,167 
4,233 
4,983 
4,794 
1,919 

7,295 



6,304 
991 



5,519 
298 



1,822 

664 

3,733 

9,481 

13,781 



3,596 
9,178 
1,007 



1,000 
pounds 
500,282 



1.000 
dollars 

148,604 



384,094 



11,683 
21,796 



307,423 



4,705 
12,397 
15,651 

4,524 

11,573 

31,482 

3,282 

3,276 

153,316 

109,240 

44,076 

496 

15,401 

5,099 

10,302 

51,320 

43,192 



116,188 



16,194 



1,634 
34 
2,423 
2,748 
4,890 
2,984 
1,481 

5,631 



5,631 



291 
4,112 



666 
3,446 
8,027 
10,856 



1,525 

8,685 

646 



103,308 



3,286 
6,496 



79,334 



1,134 
3,059 
4,172 

1,179 

2,738 

8,143 

1,185 

812 

38,155 

27,286 

10,869 

162 

4,066 

1,212 

2,854 

14,529 

14,192 



45,296 



6,541 



641 
14 

959 
1,074 
1,908 
1,299 

646 

2,570 



2,570 



104 
1,1A9 



145 

1,004 
3,289 
6,460 



964 
5,113 
383 



46 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 19A.—Plasttcizers: U.S. production and sales, iJ60— Continued 



(iiantlty 



Unit 
value'' 



PLASTICIZERS, ACyCLIC— Continued 

Stearic aold esters, total 

n-Butyl stearate 

All other 

Triethylene glycol dl(caprylate-caprate) 

All other acyclic plasticizers* 



1.000 
pounds 
12,288 



1,000 
10,606 



3,501 
8,787 



2,009 
78,365 



3,079 
7,527 



1,850 
58,621 



1,000 . 
dollars 
2,991 



740 
2,251 



696 
21,496 



$0.28 



"72?" 
.30 



.38 
.37 



^ Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Includes material produced for use as motor-fuel additive. 

^ Includes data for toluenesulf onamides , tetrahydrofurfuryl oleate, and other cyclic plasticizers . 

* Includes data for citric and acetylcitrio, tartaric, and ricinoleic acid esters, and for butyl myristate, glyc- 
erol and glycol esters of certain fatty acids, glycerol triproplonate, oon5)lex polymeric materials, and other acy- 
clic plasticizers. 



Surface-Active Agents 

The surface -active agents covered in this report include synthetic organic detergents, and 
wetting, emulsifying, and dispersing agents that function in either aqueous or nonaqueous sys- 
tems. Soap, waxes, and plasticizers are not included. The data are reported in terms of 100- 
percent active material, and thus exclude all inorganic salts, water, and diluents. Active 
material is defined as the organic ingredient that provides the primary surface -active properties. 
For example, sodium alkyl aryl sulfonate activity is based on the content of the sodium salt, and 
potassium alkyl aryl sulfonate activity, on the content of the potassium salt. 

Originally developed as soap substitutes for the textile industry, surface -active agents have 
proved valuable in many other applications because of their varied sind specific properties. About 
60 percent of the total output of surface-active agents is now consumed in the form of packaged 
household and industrial detergents. The remainder of the surface -active agents, used as wet- 
ting, dispersing, penetrating, and emulsifying agents, find many applications in the processing 
of textiles and leather, in ore flotation and in oil-drilling operations, and in the mainufacture of 
paints, agricultural sprays, lubricants, cosmetics, foods, and many other products. 

Statistics on production and sales of surface -active agents in 1960 are given in table ZOA.^-'- 
Production of surface-active agents as a group totaled 1,532 million pounds in 1960, or 1. 9 per- 
cent more than the 1, 504 million pounds reported for 1959. Sales were 1, 399 million pounds, 
valued at $278 million, in I960, compared with 1 , 372 million pounds, valued at $271 million, in 1959. 

In 1960 the production of anionic surface-active agents (sulfated and sulfonated cyclic and 
acyclic compounds, phosphorus -containing acyclic compounds, acyclic salts of fatty acids, and 
certain acyclic nonsulfonated nitrogen-containing compounds) amounted to 1,074 million pounds 
(70. 1 percent of the total output of surface-active agents in 1960), 6.7 million pounds more than 
the output reported for 1959. Sales in 1960 totaled 1,046 million pounds, valued at $169 million, 
compared with I, 024 million pounds, valued at $167 million, in 1959. In volume of production 
in 1960, the principal items in the anionic group were the alkyl benzenoid type of surface -active 
agent (542 million pounds) and the sulfated and sulfonated acids, alcohols, and esters (214 mil- 
lion pounds). 

Production of amphoteric and cationic surface -active agents (all cyclic and certain acyclic 
nonsulfonated nitrogen-containing compounds) in 1960 was 32 million pounds; sales totaled 31 
million pounds, valued at $20 million. 

In I960 the output of all esters and ethers and those acyclic nonsulfonated nitrogen- 
containing compounds generally considered to be nonionic materials totaled 426 million pounds. 
Sales in 1960 totaled 322 million pounds, valued at $89 million. 



u See also table 20B, pt. m, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



47 



TABLE 20A. — Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1960^ 

[ Listed below are all surface-active agents for which reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data 
were reported.) Table 20B in pt. Ill lists all surface-active agents for which data on production or sales were 
reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Sales 



^antity 



Grand total 

Amphoteric and cationic 

Anionic 

Nonionic 

SURFACE- ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC 

Total * 

Esters and ethers, nonsulfonated (nonionic), total^ 

Dodecylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

Nonylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

Phenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

All other 

Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, nonsulfonated 

(amphoteric and cationic), total* 

Benzyldimethyloctadecylajnnonium chloride 

Benzyldodecyldimethylaiiimonium chloride 

All other 

Sulfated and sulfonated cyclic surface-active agents 

(anionic), total 

Alkyl benzenoid coiiq>ounds, sulfated and sulfonated, total 

Decylbenzenesulfonio acid 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonlc acid 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonlc acid, calcium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, Isopropylammonium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt' 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, trlethanolamine salt 

All other - 

I.lgnin derivatives, sulfonated, total 

Lignosulfonlc acid, calcium salt 

All other 

Naphthalene derivatives, sulfonated, total 

Butylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, mono and di 

Isopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

All other 

All other sulfated and sulfonated surface -active agents, 

total' 

Toluene sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Xylene sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

All other— 

SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Eaters and ethers, nonsulfonated (nonionic), total 

Diethylene glycol monolaurate 

Diethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Diethylene glycol monostearate 

Ethylene glycol monostearate 

Glycerol monococate 

Glycerol monolaurate 

Glycerol mono-oleate 

Glycerol monostearate 

Methoxy polyethoxyethyl coconut oil ester 

Polyethoxyethyl castor oil ether 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 
1,532,227 



31,768 



1,074,213 



426,246 



977,197 



166,436 



19,626 

79,506 

280 

67,024 



1,361 
7,527 



801,775 



542,381 
1,894 
59,781 
4,603 
2,488 
3,621 

458,553 
2,173 
9,268 

193,544 

159,512 

34,032 

3,871 

1,413 

349 

2,109 

61,979 
12,966 
13,905 
35,108 



555,030 



177,430 



643" 

172 

1,205 

439 

48 

77 

642 

29,136 

72 

1,393 



1,399,420 



30,851 



1,046,333 



322,236 



927,300 



133,821 



13,950 

59,574 

128 

60,169 



8,675 



1,280 
7,325 



784,804 



532,273 

1,818 

47,800 

4,829 

4,266 

460,203 

1,962 

11,395 

188,789 

154,607 

34,182 

3,247 

988 

252 

2,007 

60,495 
12,934 
13,964 
33,597 



472,120 



108,694 



563 

128 

935 

453 

42 

73 

537 

25,940 

70 



1,000 
dollars 
278,146 



19,565 



169,243 



89,338 



146,960 



33,233 



3,385 

13,341 

50 

16,457 



6,392 



1,223 
5,098 



107,335 



86,333 
501 

11,271 
674 

1,347 

68,914 

679 

2,947 

8,648 

6,369 

2,279 

1,469 

623 

131 

715 

10,885 
1,255 
1,383 
8,247 



131,186 



32,382 



179 
38 

322 

169 
18 
30 

184 

6,694 

37 



48 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 
TABLE 20A. — Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1960 — Continued 



Quantity 



SUHFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Esters and ethers, nonsulfonated (nonionlo) — Continued 

Polyethoxyethyl coconut oil ester 

Polyethoxyethyl dilaurate 

Polyethoxyethyl dioleate 

Polyethoxyethyl monolaurate 

Polyethoxyethyl mono-oleate 

Polyethoxyethyl monostearate 

Polyethoxyethyl oleyl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl tall oil ester 

Polyethoxyethyl trideoyl ether 

1,2-Propanediol monostearate 

All other 

Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, nonsulfonated 

(ainphoterlc, anionic, cationic, and nonionic), total 

N-(Aniinoethyl)-N-(hydroxyethyl)octadecanamide 

N-(Aminoethyl)-N-(hydroxyethyl)oleamide 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)dodecanamide 

N,H-Bls(2-hydroxyethyl)ootadecanainide 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)oleamide 

Coconut oil amide of bis(diethanolamine) 

Coconut oil amide of mono(diethanolajiiine) 

Coconut oil amide of diethanolamine, neither bis nor mono 

N-Lauroyl sarcosine, sodium salt 

Stearamide of dlethylenetriamine 

Triethanolamine oleate 

All other' - 

Phosphorus -containing surface-active agents, nonsulfonated 
(anionic), total 

Salts of fatty acids, nonsulfonated (anionic), total 

Coconut oil, potassium salt 

Potassium oleate 

Potassium stearate 

Potassium tallate 

Sodium oleate 

Sodium stearate 

Tallow, sodium salt 

All other 

Sulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active agents 

(anionic), total 

Acids, alcohols, esters, and ethers, sulfated and 

sulfonated, total 

Oleic acid, sulfonated 

Dodecyl sulfate, ammonium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

Isopropyl sulfo-oleate 

n-Propyl sulfo-oleate 

All other 

Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents, sulfated and 

sulfonated, total 

Coconut oil amide of monoethanolamine, sulfated, 

potassium salt 

All other 

Oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated, total 

Animal fats and oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Neat's-foot oil, sulfonated 

Tallow, sulfonated 

Fish and marine-animal oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Cod oil, sulfonated 

Sperm oil, sulfonated 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1.000 
pounds 

206 

1,559 
2,172 
2,840 
2,779 
2,422 

26,907 
8,051 
1,680 

94,488 



109,540 
2,405 



2,694 

4,849 

478 

760 

4,413 

17,058 

4,142 

2,273 

477 

189 

69,802 



2,027 
11,275 



254,758 



1,000 
pounds 

451 
589 
1,614 
1,641 
2,146 
2,274 

17,633 
7,527 
1,598 

44,480 



105,812 



1,000 
dollars 



2,347 

4,624 

344 

726 

3,026 

16,723 

3,935 

2,017 

403 

128 

71,539 



1,506 
11,083 



245,025 



170 

206 

698 

645 

865 

1,181 

3,797 

2,238 

539 

14,372 



43,217 



1,676 

2,072 

167 

252 

1,040 

5,797 

1,309 

5,409 

234 

44 

25,217 



2,531 



45 


45 


18 


528 


278 


40 


161 


161 


94 


3,791 


3,830 


689 


1,446 


1,445 


276 


1,664 


1,702 


877 


1,226 


1,221 


147 


2,414 


2,401 


390 



52,237 



?14,003 


212,096 


43,006 


2,632 


1,484 


535 


420 


428 


314 


11,665 


11,029 


6,658 


3,881 


3,831 


1,343 


606 


559 


175 


1,298 


932 


224 


L93,501 


193,833 


33,757 


9,769 


11,818 


4,547 


95 


90 


. 63 


9,674 


11,728 


4,484 


30,986 


21,111 


4,684 


1,091 


618 


114 


7,245 


5,907 


746 


2,319 


1,660 


228 


5,313 


2,694 


489 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS 
TABLE 20A. — Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, I960'- — Continued 



49 



Quantity 



Unit 
value^ 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Sulfated and sulfonated aoyolio surface-active agents 

(anionic) — Continued 
Oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated — Con. 

Tall oil, sulfonated 

Vegetable oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Castor oil, sulfonated 

Coconut oil, sulfonated 

Peanut oil, sulfonated 

Rice-bran oil, sulfonated 

Soybean oil, sulfonated 

All other oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and 
sulfonated^ 



393 

7,166 
8A2 

1,552 
495 
313 

4,257 



3,808 

474 

1,463 

277 

3,848 



1,079 
124 
347 

81 

1,369 



.28 
.26 
.24 

.29 

.36 



■'■ Data are given in terms of bulk surface-active agents — that is, in terms of 100-peroent content of surface- 
active agents, exclusive of all inorganic salts, water, or other ingredients. 

^ Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Includes polyhydric alcohol ethers and esters and ethoxylated alkyl phenols. 

* Includes quaternary aMnonium compounds. 

' Includes trideoylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt. 

^ Includes ethoxylated alkyl phenol sulfates. 

' Includes amine salts of fatty acids, esters of hydroxyamines , fatty acid amines, quaternary ammonium compounds, 
salts of nitrilo acids, and fatty acid derivatives of guanldine, glycine, polypeptides, and others. 

' Includes sodium salt of mixed alkane sulfonic acid and sulfonated animal, fish, and vegetable oils. 



Pesticides and Other Organic Agricultural Chemicals 

Pesticides (fungicides, herbicides, insecticides, and rodenticides) and other organic agri- 
cultural chemicals, such as plant hormones, seed disinfectants, soil conditioners, and soil 
fumigants, are covered in this section of the report. The data are given in terms of 100-percent 
active material; they thus exclude such materials as diluents, emulsifiers, synergists, and wet- 
ting agents. Statistics on production and sales of pesticides and other organic agricultural chem - 
icals in 1960 are given in table 21A.^2 

Production of pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals in 1960 amounted to 648 
million pounds-- 10. 6 percent more than the 585 million pounds reported for 1959. Sales in 1960 
totaled 570 million pounds, valued at $262 million, compared with 503 million pounds, valued at 
$225 million, in 1959. 

The output of cyclic pesticides and other chemicals included in the cyclic group amounted to 
526 million pounds in 1960, or 12. 1 percent more than the 469 million pounds produced in 1959. 
Sales in 1960 were 455 million pounds, valued at $203 million, compared with 410 million pounds, 
valued at $172 million, in 1959. The chemical in this group which was produced in the greatest 
quantity in 1960--as in each year since it was first separately reported in 1944--was the insec- 
ticide DDT. The output of this product in 1960 amounted to 164 million pounds, a record high. 

Production of acyclic pesticides and other acyclic organic agricultural chemicals in 1960 
amounted to 122 million pounds, or 4.9 percent more than the 117 million pounds reported for 
1959. Sales in 1960 were 115 million pounds, valued at $59 million, compared with 93 million 
pounds, valued at $53 million, in 1959. 

" See also table 21 B, pt. UI, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacmrers. 



50 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 21A. — Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1960 

Listed below are all pesticides and other oi^anio agricultural chemicals for which any reported data on production 
or sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be 
published or where no data were reported.) Table 21B In pt. Ill lists all pesticides and other organic agricul- 
tural chemicals for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Production 



(Jiantity 



Grand total 

PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICUUURAL CHEMIGAI^, CYCLIC 

Total 

Fungicides, total 

Mercury fungicides 

Naphthenlc acid, copper salt 

Pentachlorophenol 

8-(Jilnolinol (8-Hydroxyquinollne), copper salt 

2,A,5-Trichlorophenol and salts 

All other 

Herbicides and other plant hormones, total 

Phenoxyacetlc acid derivatives: 

(aj'i-Dichlorophenoxyjacetic acid (2,A-D) 

(2, A-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid esters and salts, 

total 

( 2, i-Dlchlorophenoxy) acetic acid, n-butyl ester 

(2,'l-Dichlorophenoxy)aoetic acid, dlmethylamlne salt- 

(2, 'i-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, iso-octyl ester 

(2,4-Diohlorophenoxy)acetio acid, isopropyl ester 

All other 

(2,'i,5-Trlchlorophenoxy)acetic acid (2,'i,5-T) 

(2,4.,5-Trichlorophenoxy)acetio acid esters, total 

(2,4.,5-Trichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, n-butyl ester 

(2,4,5-Triohlorophenoxy)aoetic acid, iso-octyl ester- 
All other 

Phenylmercury acetate (PMA) 

All other 

Insecticides and rodenticides , total 

Chlorinated insecticides, total 

Hexaohlorooyclohexane (Benzene hexachloride ) and 

lindane^ 

l,l,l-Trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (DDT) 

All other 

0,0-Dimethyl O-(p-nitrophenyl) phosphorothloate (Methyl 

parathion) 

Parathion (0,0-Diethyl O-(p-nltrophenyl) phosphorothloate) 
All other^ 

PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICAI3, ACYCLIC 

Total - - 

Fungicides and soil fumigants, total 

Bromomethane (Methyl bromide) 

l,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, ferric salt (Ferbam) 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt (Ziram) 

Ethylene bis(dithiocarbamic acid), dlsodium salt (Nabam)- 
All other 

Herbicides: Methanearsonic acid, dlsodium salt 

Insecticides 

All other 



647,795 



525,A85 



91,796 



"535 

1,932 

39,336 

A3 

10,021 

39,579 

101,995 



36,185 

3A,031 
8,265 
5,000 
2,7't6 
4,354 

13,666 
6,337 
7,924 
364 
1,660 
5,900 
502 

17,016 

331,694 



306,106 

37,444 
164,180 
104,482 

11,794 
7,434 
6,360 



122,310 



87,303 



12,659 
3,077 
2,529 
884 
2,978 

65,176 

477 
19,324 
15,206 



1.000 
poinds 
570,397 



455,377 



77,096 



826" 

1,885 

31,613 

40 

2,702 

40,030 

63,664 



30,118 
8,245 
5,035 
2,549 
3,540 

10,749 

4,170 

224 

1,066 

2,880 

383 

28,993 

314,617 



291,648 

30,664 
159,534 
101,450 

10,262 
7,518 
5,189 



115,020 



82,131 



12,154 

2,375 

2,679 

818 

3,230 

60,875 

465 
16,447 
15,977 



1,000 
dollars 
261,789 



202,870 



30,240 



2,027 
610 

5,596 
160 

1,919 
19,928 

49,174 



12,122 
3,065 
2,419 
1,199 
1,244 
4,195 

4,007 

200 

991 

2,816 

2,331 

30,714 

123,456 



96,753 

5,555 
31,542 
59,656 

7,898 
5,334 
13,471 



58,919 



32,215 



5,369 

1,345 

1,065 

668 

1,651 

22,117 

452 
16,608 
9,644 



Calculated from rounded figures. 
2 Production of the gamma isomer content in benzene hexachloride and lindane totaled 6.9 million pounds; 
amounted to 5.7 million pounds. 

^ Includes some insect attractants and nematocides. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 51 

Miscellaneous Synthetic Organic Chemicals 

As used in this report, the term "miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals" refers to 
those products that are not included in the use groups covered in the preceding sections of the 
report. These nniscellaneous chemicals, which account for about three-fifths of the output of all 
synthetic organic chemicals, include products that are employed in a great variety of uses; the 
number of chemicals used exclusively for only one purpose is not large. Among the products 
covered are those used for gasoline and lubricating oil additives, paint driers, photographic 
chemicals, tanning materials, flotation reagents, refrigerants, textile polymers, sequestering 
agents, organic fertilizers, antifreeze chemicals, solvents, and acyclic intermediates. 

Production of miscellaneous chennicals in I960 amounted to 31.9 billion pounds, or 6. 5 per- 
cent more than the output of 30. billion pounds reported for 1959. Sales of miscellaneous chem- 
icals in 1960 amounted to 14.0 billion pounds, valued at $2.0 billion, compared with 13.4 billion 
pounds, valued at $2. billion, in 1959. Statistics on production and sales of miscellaneous 
chemicals in I960 are given in table 22A. 

The total output of miscellaneous cyclic chemicals in I960 was 793 million pounds, or 5. 3 
percent more than the output of 753 million pounds reported for 1959. Sales in 1960 totaled 435 
million pounds, valued at $165 million, compared with 453 million pounds, valued at $136 mil- 
lion, in 1959. The most important subgroup of cyclic compounds was the lubricating oil additives, 
the output of which was 396 million pounds in I960. 

Total production of miscellaneous acyclic chemicals in I960 was 31. 1 billion pounds --6. 5 
percent more than the output of 29. 2 billion pounds reported for 1959. Sales in I960 totaled 13. 5 
billion pounds, valued at $1. 9 billion, compared with 13. billion pounds, valued at $1. 8 billion, 
in 1959. 

Production of alcohols and halogenated hydrocarbons in 1960 each exceeded that of any of the 
use groups of synthetic organic chemicals except cyclic intermediates and plastics and resin 
materials. Production of monohydric, unsubstituted alcohols totaled 6. 1 billion pounds in 1960, 
or 9. 1 percent more than the 5.6 billion pounds reported for 1959. Alcohols are used as sol- 
vents, intermediates, and antifreeze materials and for other purposes. Production of halogenated 
hydrocarbons totaled 5.4 billion pounds in 1960, an increase of 6. 5 percent over the 5. 1 billion 
pounds reported for 1959. Halogenated hydrocarbons are used as solvents, intermediates, and 
refrigerants and for other purposes. 

Individual chemicals, the output of which exceeded 1 billion pounds in I960 were synthetic 
methanol (2.0 billion pounds, compared with 1,8 billion pounds in 1959); formaldehyde {1.9 bil- 
lion pounds, compared with 1.8 billion pounds in 1959); ethyl alcohol (1.7 billion pounds, com- 
pared with 1.6 billion pounds); ethylene oxide (1.5 billion pounds, compared with 1.4 billion 
pounds); urea (1.5 billion pounds, compared with 1.3 billion pounds); ethylene glycol (1.3 billion 
pounds, compared with 1.2 billion pounds); dichloroethane (1.3 billion pounds, compared with 
1. 1 billion pounds); isopropyl alcohol (1.2 billion pounds, compared with 1. 1 billion pounds); and 
acetic anhydride (1.1 billion pounds in each year). 



" See also table 22B, pt. in, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufactiuers. 



52 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 22A. — Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1960 

I Listed below are all miscellaneous chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data 
were reported.) Table 22B in pt. Ill lists alphabetically all miscellaneous chemicals for which data on production 
or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Production 



Qiantity 



Grand total 

MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICM£, CYCLIC 

Total — 

Benzoic acid salts: Sodium benzoate, tech. and U.S.P — 

Benzoyl peroxide 

Cyclopropane — 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol, total 

Food grade 

Tech 

p-Dimethoxybenzene (Dimethyl ether of hydroquinone) 

Flotation reagents 

Gasoline additives, total^ 

N,N-Dl-sec-butyl-p-phenylenedi amine 

N,N'-Disalicylidene-l,2-propanediamine 

All other 

Hexamethylenetetramine, tech 

Lubricating oil additives, total 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, barium salt 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

All other 

Naphthenic acid salts, total-' * 

Calcium naphthenate 

Cobalt naphthenate 

Iron naphthenate 

Lead naphthenate 

Manganese naphthenate 

Zinc naphthenate 

All other 

Photographic chemicals, total 

Benzotriazole 

p-Diethylaminobenzenediazonium chloride (p-Diazo-N,N- 

diethylaniline) - zinc chloride 

All other ^■ 

Propyl gallate 

Rosin acid salts'' 

Tall oil salts, total^ 

Cobalt tallate 

Copper tallate 

Lead tallate 

Manganese tallate 

All other 

Tanning materials, synthetic, total 

2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate 

and salts 

All other 

All other miscellaneous cyclic chemicals 

See footnotes at end of table. 



31,907,848 



792,906 



5,691 

2,812 

199 

U,893 



3,803 
11,090 



36 
5,120 



6,918 



1,167 
5,751 



26,122 



395,662 



50,533 
104,640 

84,563 
155,926 

15,063 



1,381 

2,720 

147 

8,245 

1,480 

832 

258 

6,448 



110 
6,312 



762 
5,392 



1,932 
72 

2,424 
610 
354 

34,014 



30,421 
3,593 



273,774 



1,000 

pounds 

13,960,398 



1,000 
dollars 
2,025,490 



435,289 



5,468 

2,292 

164 

13,195 



3,402 
9,793 



3,469 
6,907 



4,390 

896 

1,621 

13,078 

210,874 



49,432 
161,442 



13, 166 



1,261 

2,365 

129 

7,280 

1,180 

709 

242 



22 

110 



38 
306 



5,352 



1,869 
72 

2,515 
567 
329 



33,663 



29,973 
3,690 



127,185 



164,657 



1,865 
2,205 
2,580 



2,226 
5,285 



1,146 
7,555 



4,528 
1,678 
1,349 

2,718 

44,243 



7,505 
36,738 



5,531 



597 

1,727 

48 

2,209 

489 

325 

136 



130 
277 



115 
106 



874 

17 

697 

174 
110 

6,332 



4,925 
1,407 



3,471 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



53 



TABLE 22A. — Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1960 — Continued 



Production 



CJuantity 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEhilCAIS, ACYCLIC 
Total 

Aoetaldehyde 

Acetic acid, synthetic 100% 

Acetic acid salts, total 

Ammonium acetate 

Potassium acetate 

Zinc acetate 

All other 

Acetic anhydride, 100%, from all sources 

Acetone, total 

From isopropyl alcohol 

All other 

Acrylic acid 

Aorylonitrile 

Adlpic acid 

Alcohols, monohydric, unsubstituted, total 

Alcohols C9 or lower, total 

Butyl alcohols, total 

Normal alcohol (n-Propylcarbinol) 

All other 

Ethyl alcohol, synthetic' 

Iso-octyl alcohols 

Isopropyl alcohol 

Methanol, synthetic 

1- and 2-Ootanol 

All other 

Alcohols Cio and higher, total 

I-Hexadeoanol (Cetyl alcohol) 

All other 

Amines, total 

Butylamlne 

Coconut oil amine 

Dlethylamine 

Dimethylamine 

Methylamine, mono 

Octylamine 

Tallow amine, hydrogenated and dihydrogenated 

Trimethylamine 

All other 

Amyl acetates, 90% 

Bis(2-chloroethyl) ether (Dlchlorodiethyl ether), all 
grades 

Butyl acetates, 90%, total 

Normal 

All other 

Butyric acid 

Carbon disulfide 

Cellulose esters and ethers, total 

Cellulose acetate 

Sodium carboxymethylcellulose, 100% 

All other 

Chloral (Trichloroaoetaldehyde) 

Chloroacetic acid, mono 

Chloroaoetic acid, ethyl ester 



1.000 

pounds 

31,1W,942 



741,023 
19,0A2 



803 

-^20 

650 

17,169 

1,095,896 

761,301 



612,721 
148,580 



229,247 



6,111,006 



844,210 

622,508 

289,117 

333,391 

,694,843 

52,659 

,179,915 

,965,939 

8,688 

319,658 

266,796 

1,026 

265,770 

368,421 



1,032 

980 

5,859 

36,671 

6,407 

381 

3,540 

8,222 

305,329 

7,784 

26,619 

107,192 



74,369 
32,823 



522,537 
747,674 



522,426 
42,660 

182,588 

63,504 

53,297 

1,180 



13,525,109 



1,000 
dollars 
1,860,833 



65,169 
141,896 



17,921 



512 

682 

16,727 



453,901 
333,598 



120,303 

1,020 
183,585 
40,320 

3,008,639 



2,922,195 

254,927 

183,762 

71,165 

908,211 

51,762 

414,727 

1,101,592 

190,976 

86,444 

563 

85,881 

102,341 



714 
705 

22,103 
5,911 

2,196 

1,675 

69,037 

6,026 

15,396 

92,827 



64,723 
28,104 

310 
441,983 
214,355 



38,310 
176,045 



5,466 
12,394 



152 

218 

3,266 



31,399 



23,531 
7,868 

508 
41,167 
12,180 

215,252 



196,860 
32,342 
25,341 

7,001 
55,347 

9,410 
25,457 
39,687 

34,617 

18,392 

198 

18,194 

38,344 



356 
398 

5,803 
1,191 

899 

365 

29,332 

1,008 

352 

11,960 



8,920 
3,040 

99 
21,188 
88,987 



17,711 
71,276 



See footnotes at end of table. 



54 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 22A. — Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales, i960~Continued 



Qaantity Value 



JOSCELLAHEajS CHHIICAI^, ACYCLIC— Continued 

2-Cliloro-N, N-dimethylethylamlne (Wmethylaminoethyl 

chloride) hydrochloride r 

3-Chloro-l,2-propanediol (Glycerol a -chlorohydrin) 

Diethylene glycol -• 

2-DimethylHTn1 noethanol — '■ 

Dodeoenylsuccinic anhydride 

Epichlorohydrln 

Ethanolamines , total 

2-Ainlnoethanol (Monoethanolamine) 

2,2'-Iniinodiethanol (Diethanolamine ) 

2,2',2"-Nitrilotrlethanol (Triethanolamine) 

Ethyl acetate, 85% 

Ethyl aciylate 

Ethylene glycol 

Ethylene oxide 

Ethyl ether, all grades 

Ethyl formate 

2-Ethylhexanoic acid (a-Ethyloaproic acid) salts, total- 
Calcium 2-ethylhexanoate 

Cobalt 2-ethylhexanoate -• 

Lead 2-ethyliexanoate ► 

Manganese 2-ethylhexanoate 

Zinc 2-ethylhexanoate 

All other 

2-Ethyl-l-hexyl acetate '■ 

Fatty acid esters, not included with plastlclzers or 

surface-active agents, total 

Isopropyl myristate 

Isopropyl oleate 

All other 

Formaldehyde (37% by weight) 

Formic acid, 90% 

Formic acid salts 

Fumarlc acid 

Halogenated hydrocarbons, total 

1-Bromobutane (n-Butyl bromide) 

Carbon tetrachloride 

Chlorinated paraffins, total ^ 

35)6-64% Chlorine 

All other 

Chlorodlfluoromethane 

Chloroethane (Ethyl chloride) 

Chloroform, total 

Tech 

U.S.P 

Chloromethane (Methyl chloride) 

Dichlorodifluoromethane 

Dlchloroethane (Ethylene dichloride) 

Dichlorcmethane (Methylene chloride) 

Dichlorotetraflnoroethane 

Tetrachloroethylene (Perchloroethylene) 

Trlchloroethylene 

Trichlorofluoromethane 

Trlchlorotrifluoroethane 

Vinyl chloride, monomer (Chloroethylene) 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 

77 

44 

161,701 

781 



126,117 



53,458 
27,858 

107,172 

1,297,301 

1,475,309 

93,688 

143 

2,538 



351 
225 



110 
1,806 



1,016 



3,195 



934" 
232 
1,979 

1,872,448 
15,698 
25,433 
23,423 

5,392,736 



23 

372,140 

34,583 

25,989 

8,594 

40,275 

545,401 

76,426 

75,447 

979 

84,175 

166,365 

1,267,110 

113,145 

9,459 

209,408 

352,811 

72,389 

6,047 

1,036,989 

1,005,990 



84 

79,484 
699 
285 

29,287 

106,600 



39,896 
38,281 
28,423 

83,576 
16,363 
690,805 
122,650 
88,110 
170 

1,541 



"T2§" 
321 
213 
19 
102 
758 



2,551 



986 



1,565 



678,262 
15,172 



16,739 
2,565,456 



333,492 

34,471 

26,009 

8,462 

23,769 

190,812 
56,000 



43,404 
163,371 
437,586 

96,232 

8,288 

187,210 

298,763 

70,758 

352,314 
268,986 



1,000 
dollars 

99 

9,273 
468 
172 

7,267 

22,757 
8,248 



8,556 
5,953 

9,810 

5,479 

70,799 

16,574 

6,007 

61 



71" 
344 
83 
9 



426 
498 



22,649 
2,183 



4,509 
312,378 



27,144 
4,551 
3,203 
1,348 
16,603 
14,606 
5,839 



5,054 
48,411 
20,794 
10,413 

5,056 
19,396 
34,457 
15,442 

35,804 
48,808 



S«e footnotes at end of table. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



55 



TABLE 22A. — Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1960 — Continued 



(Jaantlty 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICAIS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

IsoEiscorbic acid 

iBoascorblo acid, sodlujn salt— 

leopropyl acetate 

Isopropyl ether 

Lactic acid, 100«, total 

Edible — 

Medicinal and tech 

Lactic acid salts 

Lauroyl chloride 

Llnolelc acid salts, total^ 

Calcium llnoleate 

Cobalt llnoleate 

All other 

Lubricating oil additives, total 

Phosphorodlthloates (Dlthlophosphates)' 

Sulfurized lard oil 

Sulfurlzed sperm oil 

All other 

kJalelc anhydride 

Mercaptoaoetlo (Thloglyoolio) acid derivatives, total 

Ammonium mercaptoaoetate (Ammonium thloglycolate) 

All other 

Methyl acetate 

Methyl borate 

Ootanolc acid (Caprylic acid) salts 

Oleic acid salts* 

Oxalic acid 

Oxalic acid salts 

Palmitic acid salts: Zinc palmltate 

Pentaerythrltol 

Pentaerythritol tetranltrate 

Phosgene (Carbonyl chloride) 

Phosphorus acid esters, not elsewhere specified 

Polyacryllc acid salts 

Polyethylene glycol 

Propionic acid 

Propionic acid, calcium salt 

Propylene glycol (1,2-Propanedlol) 

Propylene oxide 

Sequestering agents, total 

N,N-Dihydroxyethylglycine, sodium salt 

(Ethylenedlnitrllo)tetraacetic acid (Ethylenedlamlne- 

tetraaoetic acid) 

(Ethylenedinltrilo)tetraacetic acid, dlhydrogen disodium 

salt 

(Ethylenedlnltrilo)tetraacetlc acid, monosodium iron salt 

(Ethylenedinitrllo)tetraacetlc acid, tetrasodium salt 

(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrllo)trlacetlc acid, 

trisodium salt 

All other 

Sodium methoxlde (Sodium methylate) 

Stearic acid salts, total' 

Aluminum stearates, total 

Aluminum dlstearate 

Aluminum stearate, other 

See footnotes at end of table. 



unds 

233 

1,318 

3A,879 

4,8A3 

5,475 



4,-162 
1,013 



602 
9,984 



U9 
101 
216 

229,858 



67,947 

1,333 

16,819 

U3,759 

90,128 

l^j 



1,355 
525 

12,033 

225 

70 

198 

21,293 

5,751 

264 

64,270 

4,442 

36,603 

10,309 

1,818 

33,165 

29,629 

8,090 

151,963 

308,747 

20,247 



124 

2,686 

414 

368 

10,287 

4,077 
2,291 

4,088 

25,246 



5,108 
3,951 
1,157 



1,000 
pounds 

i,102 
28,261 
3,458 

5,21A 



1,000 
dollars 



3,988 
1,226 



546 



157 

389 

86,012 



2,546 
83,466 



51,710 
1,505 



1,505 
12,043 



177 
16,292 
4,879 

54,962 
2,465 

10,434 
8,283 
1,766 

26,178 

7,301 

7,553 

124,731 

25,343 

15,690 



1,482 

461 

304 

7,332 

3,796 
2,315 



24,619 



5,411 
4,186 
1,225 



2,853 

3,135 

205 

2,246 



1,842 
404 



174 



30 

144 

18,715 



466 
18,249 



12,223 
1,624 



1,624 
542 



3,299 
1,196 

16,237 
1,902 
1,173 
4,318 
1,949 
6,591 
1,386 
2,079 

15,070 
3,480 

6,301 



295 

214 

2,757 

1,177 
1,058 



9,502 



2,072 
1,598 

474 



56 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 22A. — Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1960 — Continued 



Production 



(iiantity 



Unit 
value-'- 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICAI£, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Stearic acid salts — Continued 

Calcium stearate 

Lead stearate 

Lithium stearate 

Magnesium stearate 

Zinc stearate 

All other 

Tetraethylene glycol 

Trl ethylene glycol 

Urea in compounds or mixtures (100% basis), total^ 

In feed compounds 

In liquid fertilizer 

In solid fertilizer 

All other 

Vinyl acetate, monomer 

Zinc formaldehydesulfoxylate 

All other miscellaneous acyclic chemicals 



1.000 

pounds 

7, '132 

302 

161 

1,008 

7,296 

3,939 



36,880 
1,469,033 



189,979 
493,030 
603,753 
182,271 

250,999 

1,187 

6,844,183 



7,294 

310 

151 

922 

7,130 

3,401 

1,252 
30,592 

1,413,054 



189,221 
489,239 
605,925 
128,669 

171,378 

1,177 

2,103,609 



1,000 

dollars 

2,490 

113 

74 

389 

2,786 

1,578 

234 
5,023 

^ 63,617 



8,624 
22,488 
26,965 

5,540 

26,288 

453 

672,431 



).34 
.36 
.49 
.42 



^ Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Statistics exclude production and sales of trlcresyl phosphate. Statistics on tricresyl phosphate are given in 
the section "Plastlcizers . " 

^ (Jiantities are given on the basis of solid naphthenate, resinate, tallate, or linoleate content. 

* Statistics exclude production and sales of copper naphthenate. Statistics on copper naphthenate are given in the 
section "Pesticides and Other Organic Agricultural Chemicals . " 

' Statistics on production of ethyl alcohol from natural sources by fermentation are issued by the Alcohol Tax 
Unit, U.S. Internal Revenue Service. 

^ Statistics exclude production and sales of potassium and sodium oleate. Statistics on these oleates are included 
in the section "Surf ace -Active Agents." 

' Statistics exclude production and sales of potassium and sodium stearates. Statistics on these stearates are 
included in the section "Surface -Active Agents." 

' Production of urea in primary solution totaled 1,493,597 thousand pounds, conpared with a revised production of 
1,321,500 thousand pounds in 1959. Revised statistics for 1959 on urea in liquid fertilizer are as follows: Produc- 
tion, 393.1 million pounds; sales, 346.2 million pounds, valued at $17.7 million. Revised statistics for 1959 on 
urea in solid fertilizer are as follows: Production, 551.6 million pounds; sales, 537.7 million pounds, valued at 
$24.2 million. 

' Includes estimated values for sales of urea in nitrogen compounds. 



PART m. ALPHABETICAL LIST OF INDIVIDUAL PRODUCTS, BY GROUPS, 
AND NAMES OF MANUFACTURERS 

This section of the report consists of (1) a series of tables that supplement the statistical 
information given in parts I and II, and (2) a Directory of Manufacturers. The tables with num- 
bers that include the letter "B" supplement the tables in part I or part II with numbers that in- 
clude the letter "A"; for example, table 8B in part III supplements table 8A in part II. 

Each table in part III lists alphabetically the individual items in each group for which data 
on production or sales were reported for I960. The tables include data on only those chemicals 
for which the volume of production or sales in I960 exceeded 1,000 pounds or for which the value 
of sales exceeded $ 1, 000. Where separate statistics for an item are given in the tables in part I 
or part II, an asterisk (*) precedes the name of the item in the tables in part III. The manufac- 
turers of each product are indicated by identification codes which are listed in the Directory of 
Manufacturers (table 23). A few companies, however, have specifically requested that they not 
be identified as having produced or sold certain items. These manufacturers are indicated by a 
small letter "x" in the tables. 

Tar Crudes 

TABLE 4B. — Tar crudes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1960 

[Tar crudes for which separate statistics are- given in table 4A are marked below with an asterisk (*■); products 
not so marked do not appear in table A-A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be 
published. Ifenuf acturers ' identification codes shown b^low are taken from table 23. Table 23 identifies all 
U.S. producers of tar crudes (except producers that report to the Division of Bituminous Coal, U.S. Bureau of 
Mines )] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23)''- 



«Crude light oil 

Light-oil distillates: 

»Benzene, specification and industrial grades 

»Toluene, specification and other grades 

*Xylene, all grades 

^Solvent naphtha 

All other light-oil distillates 

^Pyridine: Crude bases and semirefined 

■^Naphthalene , criide, solidifying at — 

»Less than 74° C 

^A° C. to less than 76° G 

«76° C. to less than 79° C 

Crude tar-acid oils having a tar-acid content of — 

556 to less than 24^6 

24^ to 54^ 

Cresylic acid, crude 

<*Creosote oil (Dead oil): 

^Distillate as such 

*Creosote in coal-tar solution 

»A11 other distillate products 

«Tar, road 

*Tar for other uses: 

Crude 

Refined 

Pitch of tar: 
»3oft and medium (water softening points less than 
110° F., and 110° F. to 160° F.J. 

»Hard (water softening point above 160° F.) 

»Pltch-of-tar coke and pitch emulsion 



CBT, RUR. 

AGP, ACY, KPP, OIL. 

ACP, ACy, KPP. 

AGP, ACY, KPP. 

ACY, KPT, NEV, PAI. 

ACP, NEV, PAI. 

ACP, KPT. 

COP, CRT. 

KPT, NEV, PAI, REP. 

ACP, ACY, KPT, PRD, RIL, RUR, TAR. 

AGP, ACY, COP, RIL. 

AGP, KPT, NEV, RIL, TAR. 

ACP, KPT, PRD. 

ACP, ACY, GET, COP, CRT, KPT, LEW, REP, RIL, 

RUR, TAR. 

AGP, HUS, JEN, KPT, RIL, RUR, TAR. 

ACP, KPT, LEW, PAI. 

ACP, JEN, KPT, LEW, OLG, REP, RIL, TAR. 

LEW, OLC, RIL, TAR. 

ACP, KPT, LEW, RIL, RUR. 

ACP, CBT, COP, JEN, KPT, LEW, REP, RIL, RUR, TAR. 

ACP, COP, KPT, REP, RIL, TAR. 

JEN, KPT, RIL, TAR. 



^ Does not include manufacturers' identification codes for producers that report to the Division of Bituminous 
Goal, U.S. Bureau of Mines. These producers are listed in the U.S. Bureau of Mines Information Circular 
Coke Plants in the United States on December 31, i960. 



57 



608094 O -61 



58 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 

Crude Products From Petroleum and Natural Gas for Chemical Conversion 



TABLE SB. — Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which 
U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1960 

[Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which separate statistics are given in 
table 5A are marked below with an asterisk (»); products not so marked do not appear in table 5A because the re- 
ported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below 
are taken from table 23. An x signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the 
designated product] 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



ARQMATICS AND NAPHTHENES 

»AIkyl aromatios, distillates, and solvents 

»Benzene (except motor grade): 

•Benzene, 1 

»Benzene, 2° 

i>Cresylic acid, crude 

Cyclopentadiene 

<Naphthenic acids: 

Acid number less than 150 

*Acid number 150-199 

Acid number 200-22-4 

»Acid number 225-2'49 

Sodium carbolate and phenate, crude 

»Toluene : ^ 

•Nitration grade, 1 

•Pure commercial grade, 2 : 

Solvent grade 

All other 

•Xylene s , mixed : 

Aviation grade 

•3 ° and 5° 

All other ■ 

All other aromatics and naphthenes 

ALIPHATIC HTOROCARBONS 

Ci hydrocarbon: Methane 

»C2 hydrocarbons: 

Acetylene 

•Ethane 

•Ethylene 

C2 and C3 hydrocarbons, mixed 

•C3 hydrocarbons: 

•Propane 

Propane -propylene mixture 

•Propylene 

•C4 hydrocarbons: 

•1,3-Butadiene, grade for rubbers (elastomers) 

•ButEidiene and butylene fractions 

•n-Butaue 



ACC, AMD, CSD, DOW, DUP, ENJ, GOC, JCC, MON, QMC, 
PAS, PLC, SM, SNT, VPT, WYH. 

APR, ASH, CSD, DLH, GOC, GRS, PLP, RIC, SNT, SOG, 

SUN, VPT, TX. 
AMO, CO, DOW, SHO, SOC, SOI, UCC. 
ATR, PRD, PRO, RIC, SHO, SOI, UOC. 
SHC. 

SUN, TX. 

RIC, 3i, SOC, SUN. 

RIC, SM, SOC. 

NOP, RIC, SHO, SM, SOC. 

ATR, GOC. 

ASH, CSD, DLH, FG, GOC, GRS, LEN, RIC, SHO, SIN, 

SNT, SOG, SUN, VPT. 
DOW, WTC, SHC, SHO. 
ASH, CO, SOI, TX, UCC. 
DLH, ENJ, SOC, SUN, VEL. 

CSD, SOC, SOG. 

ASH, DLH, SIN, SNT, SUN. 

AMO, DLH, ENJ, GRS, SHO, SOC, SOG, SOI, SUN, VPT. 

CCP, ENJ, LEN, PLC, SHC, SM. 



CCP, PAN, SOI. 

ACY, DOW, GAP, MTC, PPG, UCC, X. 

CCP, PAN, PLC, SOI, TX, UCC, USI. 

CCP, DOW, DUP, EKX, ENJ, GOC, JCC, KPP, MTC, QMC, 

PET, PLC, RIC, SHC, TX, UCC, USI. 
SM, SOI. 

AMO, ASH, CCP, CSD, DLH, DOW, ENJ, CMC, PAN, PLC, 
PLP, PRO, RIC, SHO, SIN, SM, SNT, SOG, SOI, 
UCC, USI. 

GX, PLC, TX. 

ACP, CCP, DOW, EKX, ENJ, JCC, MTC, PET, PLC, SHC, 
SHO, SIN, SOI, SUN, TXB, UCC, UOC. 

CPY, DOW, DUP, ENJ, FRS, GGC, ODB, PET, PLC, PTT, 

SHC, SOC, TUS, TXB, UCC. 
ACP, DOW, MTC, PLC, SHO, SIN, SOC. 
CSD, CMC, PAN, PLC, PLP, PRO, SHO, SM, SNT, SOC, 

SOG, SOI, USI. 



CRUDE PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS 



59 



TABLE 5B. — Crttde products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which 
U.S, production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



ALIPHATIC HYDROCAHBQNS— Continued 

•>iC* hydrocarbons — Continued 

1-Butene 

2-Butene — 

»1-Butene and 2-butene mixture— — --— — -— — — 

»l8obutane (2-Metbylpropane) — 

»Isobutylene (2-lfethylpropene) •-- 

ill other 

«Cj hydrocarbons: 

Isopentane (2-Methylbutane) 

Isoprene (2-Methyl-l,3-butadlene) 

n-Pentane 

All other • 

Cj hydrocarbons: 

Dllsopropyl (2,3-Dliiiethylbutane) 

Heiane 

Neohexane (2,2-Dlmethylbutane) 

All other 

C7 hydrocarbons: 

n-Heptane 

Heptenes 

All other 

Cg hydrocarbonfl : 

♦•Dllsobutylene (Wlsobutene) 

n-Octane • 

2,2,4-Trliiiethylpentane (Iso-octane) 

All other 

Hydrocarbons, C9 and above: 

»l-Dodecene (Tetrapropylene) 

Elcosane 

Nonene ( Trlpropylene ) ' 

»Polybutene 

TrllBobutylena 

All other 

•nHydrocarbon derivatives: 

tert-Butyl nercaptan (2-lfethyl-2-propanethlol) 

W-tert-butyl disulfide 

Isopropyl mercaptan 

Methyl mercaptan (Methanethlol) 

tert-Ootyl mercaptan 

AU other 

*n other aliphatic hydrocarbons-- — — 



PLC, PTT. 

PLC, PTT. 

AMO, CCP, ENJ, GOC, PLC, PRO, PTT, SHO, SOC, TX, TXB. 

CCP, CMC, PAN, PLC, SHO, SOI, USI. 

AMO, CCP, ENJ, PTT, SIN. 

ENJ, JCC, OIC, PLC, SOI, UCC, USI. 

CCP, CSD, PLC, SOI. 

ENJ, PLC, SHC. 

PLC. 

ACP, ENJ, PAS, PLC, SHC, SOI, USI. 

PLC. 

ENJ, PLC, SOG. 

PLC. 

ENJ, PLC. 

EKX, ENJ, PLC. 

DLH, ENJ, GOC, SOG. 
PLC. 

AIR, PTT, SHC, TX. 

ENJ, PLC. 

ENJ, PLC. 
PLC. 

ACC, AMO, CO, ENJ, GOC, SNT, SOC, SUN, TX. 

ATR. 

AMO, ATR, ENJ, GOC. 

CSD, SOC, SOI, TX. 

ATR, PTT. 

ACC, CO, EKX, QJJ, GOC, KEN, PLC, SNT, SOC, SUN. 

PAS, PLC. 

PLC. 

SOC. 

ACC. 

PLC. 

CSD, EKX, PAS, PLC, SOC, UOC. 

CO, ENJ. 



60 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 7B. 



Cyclic Intermediates 

-Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 



[cyclic intermediates for which sepaxate statistics are given in table 7A are marked below with an asterisk (»); 
cyclic intermediates not so marked do not appear in table 7A because the reported data are accepted in confidence 
and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x signifies 
that the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product, i^pendix C lists alpha- 
betically all the important common names of cyclic intermediates usually encountered in the trade and gives the 
corresponding standard (C/iemicaZ Abstracts) name under which the manufacturers' identification codes are given in 
this table] 



Aceanthra[2,l-a] aceanthrylene-5,13-dione 

5-Acetamido-2-aininobenzenesulfamic acid 

4-Acetamldo-l-amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

6(and 7) -(2-Acetamido-p-amlnophenylazo) -1-naphthalene- 

sulfonlc acid. 
2-Aeetamido-3-chloroanthraquinone 

*Acetanilide, tech 

Acetoaoetanilide 

Acetoacet-o-anisidide 

o-Acetoacetotoluidide 

Acetone phenyliiydrazone 

Acetophenone, tech 

p-Acetotoluidide 

3-(2-Acetylamino-4— amlnophenylazo) -1,5-naphthalenedisul- 
fonic acid. 

N-Acetylanthranilic acid 

N-Acetylsulfanilyl chloride 

Alkyl benzene 

Amino-aceanthra[2,l-a]aceanthrylene-5,13-dione 

3 '-Aminoacetanllide 

«»i'-Amlnoacetanillde ( Acetyl -p-phenylenediamine) 

3'-Amlnoacetophenone 

4'-Amlnoacetophenone 

«5-Aralno-2-(p-aminoanilino)benzenesulfonic acid 

5(and 8) -Amino-8( and 5)-p-amlnophenylazo-2-naphthalene- 

sulfonic acid. 
l-Amino-4-(3-ajiilno-'i-sulfoanilino) -2-anthraqulnonesulfonic 

acid. 
l-Amino-i-( 4-amlno-3-sulf oanllino) -2-anthraquinonesulf onic 
acid. 

5-Amlno-2-anilinobenzenesulfonlc acid 

2-(p-Aminoanilino) -5-nltrobenzenesulfom.c acid 

3-Ainino-p-anlsanilide 

*l-Aminoanthraquinone and salt 

»2-Aminoanthraquinone and salt 

l-Amino-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid 

l-Amino-2-anthraqulnonesulfonic acid 

5(and 8)-Amino-l-anthraquinonesulfonic acid 

N-('i-Amino-l-anthraquinonyl)anthranllic acid 

N-(5-Amlno-l-anthraquinonyl)anthranilic acid 

N-(8-Amino-l-anthraquinonyl)anthranilio acid 

4-Aminoantipyrine 

■»6-Amino-3,'i'-azodi(benzenesulf onio acid) 

8-Aminobenz[a]acrldin-7(12H) -one 

5-Amino-2(3H) -benzimidazolinone 

»1 -Amino -4—benzamidoanthraquinone 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



AHC. 










GAF. 










DUP. 










TRC. 










AHC, 


GAF. 








DOW, 


EKT, 


MRK, 


SW. 




FMP, 


UCC. 








UCC. 










FMP, 


UCC. 








DUP. 










ACP, 


UCC. 








ACY, 


SDH. 








TRC. 










DUP. 










ACY, 


MRK. 








ATR. 










AHC. 










TRC. 










DUP, 


EKT, 


GAF, 


NAC, 


TRC 


SDH. 










NES. 










CMC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


TRC 


IRC. 











TRC. 

KPC, 
CMG, 
PCW. 
ACY, 
ACY, 
DUP. 
GAF. 
TRC. 
GAF. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
SDW. 
CMG, 
NAC. 
DUP. 
ACY, 



TRC. 
TRC, VPC. 



AHC, CMG, DUP, GAF, KPC, MAY, NAC, TRC. 
DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC. 



GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC. 
DUP, GAF, MAY, TRC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



TABLE 7B. 



-Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, i960 --Continued 



l-Aiiiino-5-benzainldoanthraqulnone 

6-[p-(p-Aminobenzaiiiido)benzainido] -l-naphthol-3-sulfonic 
acid. 

6-(m-Aminobenzaiiildo) -l-naphthol-3-sulf onio acid 

6-(p-Aiiiinobeiizamido) -l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid 

2-Aiiiino-p-ben.zenedlsulfonio acid [S03H=l] 

o-Aminobenzene thiol 

p-Aminobenzoic acid, tech 

p-Aminobenzoic acid, diethylaminoethyl ester 

2-Amino-6-benzothiazolecarboxyllc acid 

2-(m-Amlnobenzoyl) -o-acetanlsidide 

5(and 8)-Ainino-8(and 5) -bromo-l,6(aiid 1,7) -anthraquinonedi 
sulfonio acid. 

»l-Amino-4-bromo-2-anthraquinonesulfonic acid and sodium 
salt. 

l-Amino-2-bromo-4-benzajnidoanthraquinone 

2-Ainino-l-broi]io-3-ohloroanthraquinone 

I-Amlno-2-bromo-<i-hydroxyanthraquinone 

l-Amino-A-bromo-2-methylanthraqulnone 

l-Aniino-2-bromo-<i-(p-toluidino)anthraquinone 

»l-Aniino-5-chloroanthraquinone 

»l-Aiidno-5( and 8) -chloroanthraquinone 

l-Amino-8-chloroanthraquinone 

2-Amino-l-chloroanthraquinone 

»2-Amino-3-chloroanthraquinone 

l-Amino-N-( 3-ohloro-2-anthraquinonyl) -2-anthraquinone- 
oarboxamlde. 

4-Amlno-6-ohloro-iii-benzenedisulfona]iiide 

<i-Aiiilno-6-chloro-m-benzenedisulfonainide hydrochloride 

2-Amino-6-chlorobenzothiazole hydrochloride 

»o-(3-Ainino-'>-chlorobenzoyl) benzoic acid 

2-Ainino-5-ohloro-4-ethylbenzenesuli'onio acid 

l-Aniino-5-ohloro-<i-hydroxyanthraquinone 

2-Amino-<i-chlorophenol 

*6-Amino-4-ohloro-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid 

«2-Anilno-5-ohloro-p-toluenesulfonio acid [S03H=l] 

6-Ainino-<i-chloro-m-toluenesuli'onic acid [S03H=l] 

2-Amino-p-cresol 

l-Amino-2,<i-dibromoanthraquinone 

»4'-Amino-2',5'-diethoxybenzanilide 

5-Amino-2-(2,3-dihydro-2-oxobenzimidazol-5-ylainino)- 
benzenesulfonic acid. 

4'-Ajnlno-2',5'-dimethoxybenzanllide 

2-Ainino-N,N-dimethyl-l-phenol-<i-sulfonamide 

3-Amlno-N,N-dimethyl-p-toluenesulfonamide 

2-Amlno-N-ethylbenzenesulfonaniIide 

2-Amlno-N-ethyl-5-nitrobenzenesul-Conanllide 

3-(2-Aminoethyl)-2-thlohydantoin 

5-Amino-8-(p-hydroxyanilino) -2-naphthalenesulfonic acid — 
5(and 8)-Amino-8(and 5)-(p-hydroxyanilino)-2-naphthalene- 
sulfonlc acid. 

l-Amino-^-hydroxyanthraquinone 

3-Ainino-2 -hydro xyanthraquinone 

2-Amino-<i-hydroxybenzenearsonlo acid 

8-[4-( 8-Amlno-l-hydroxy-3,6-disulf o-2-naphthylazo) -5- 
methoxy-o-tolylazo]-l-naphthol-3,6-disuironlo acid, 
benzenesulf onate . 
3-Amino-6-hydroxy-2-methylphenazine (Tolazlne base) 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



AHC, GAF, 


NAC, 


TRC. 




DUP. 








NAC. 








DUP, KPC, 


VPC. 






DUP, NAC. 








ACY. 








DUP, OAF, 


NAC. 






SDW. 








DUP. 








GAF. 








TRC. 








AHC, CMC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


KPC, NAC, TRC 


KPC. 








AHC. 








DUP, GAF, 


KPC. 






AHC, DUP. 








AHC. 








ACY, AHC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


MAY, NAC, TRC 


ACY, DUP, 


GAF. 






DUP, NAC. 








DUP, GAF. 








AHC, GAF, 


KPC, 


TRC. 




TRC. 








ABB, TRC. 








ABB. 








DUP. 








AHC, GAF, 


KPC. 






ACY. 








GAF. 








DUP, GAF, 


MEE. 






CMC, GAF, 


NAC, 


TRC. 




ACY, GAF, 


HCC, 


sue, 


SW. 


DUP, HCC, 


SW. 






TRC. 








AHC, DUP, 


KPC, 


NAC. 




AIL, GAF, 


SDH. 






DUP. 








GAF. 








GAF. 








GAF. 








IRC. 








OAF. 








x. 








DUP. 








DUP. 








GAF, NAC 








GAF, NAC 








SDW. 








TRC. 









62 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 7B. 



■ Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



5-AinlnoiEOphthalic acid 

5-Anilnolsophthalic acid, dimethyl ester 

N-( l-Ajiiino-2-methoxy-<i-anthraquinonyl) -p-toluenesulf onamide 
N-(^-Aniino-3-methoxy-l-anthraqulnonyl) -p-toluenesulf onamide 

A-(4-Amlno-3-methoxy-6-methylphenylazo)aoetanilide 

5-Amlno-6-methoxy-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid 

m-(4-Amlno-3-methoxyphenylazo)benzenesulfonlc acid 

8-('i-Amino-5-methoxy-o-tolylazo)-l-naphthol-3,6-dlsulfonic 
acid, benzenesulf onate . 

M-'-Amino-N-methylacetanilide 

l-Amlno-2-methylanthraq\d.none 

4' -Amino -6' -methyl -m-benzanisidide 

2-Amlno-5-(6-methyl-2-benzothlazolyl)benzenesulfonic acid — 
-i-Amino -4 ' - ( 3 -methyl-5 -oxo-2-pyTazolin-l-yl) -2 , 2 ' - 

stilbenedisulfonic acid. 
3-Amino-5-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl) -p-toluene- 
sulf onic acid. 

8-Amino-7-methyl-2-phenazinol 

2-Amiiio-'i-methylpyriinidine (2-Amlno-'i-methyldiazine) 

2-Amino-5-methyl-l,3,4-thiadiazole 

l-Amino-2-methyl-4-(p-toluidino)anthraquinone- 
1 -Aminonaphthf 2 , 3 -c 
<;-Aminonaphth[ 2 , 3 -c 



acridan-5,8,l'i-trione- 
. , ^_,_ - ac^ldan-5,8,W-t^ione- 
6-Aminonaphth[2,3-c]ac^idan-5,8,14(13H)-t^ione 

»2-Amlno-l,5-naphthalenedis\ilfonlo acid 

3-Amlno-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Cassella acid) 

3-Amlno-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

A-Amlno-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

4-A[nino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

4-Ainlno-l,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

<<6-Aiiilno-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino I acid) 

7-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonio acid (Amino G acid) 

2-Amino-l-naphthalenemethanesulfonic acid 

l-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonlo acid (o-Naphthionlo acid) 

•»2-Amiiio-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Tobias acid) 

4(and 5)-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

»5-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonlc acid (Laurent's acid) 

»5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonlc acid (1,6-Cleve's acid) 

»5(and 8) -Amino-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid (Cleve's acid, 
mixed) . 

«6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Broenner's acid) 

"«8-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Peri acid) 

»8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonio acid (l,7-Cleve's acid) 

7-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrlsulfonic acid 

8-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonlc acid (Koch's acid) 

4-Amino-l,3,5-naphthalenetriEUlfonio acid, 4,5-sultam, 
trisodium salt. 

8-Amino-l -naphthoic acid — — 

5-Amino-l-naphthol • 

5-Amino-2-naphthol . 

5( and 8) -Amino-2-naphthol 

»8-Amlno-2-naphthol 

8-Amlno-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonlc acid, benzenesulfonate — 
7-Amlno-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonlc acid (2H acid), mono- 
eodlum salt. 



GAF. 








OAF. 








GAF. 








DUP. 








TRC. 








MAC, 


TRC. 






DUP, 


TRC. 






TRC. 








CM3, 


GAF, 


NAC. 




AHC, 


DUP. 






GAF. 








GAF. 








TRC. 








GAF. 








DUP. 








ACY. 








ACY. 








AHC. 








DUP. 








DUP. 








GAF. 








ACY, 


SDH, 


SW, 


TRC. 


GAF, 


NAC, 


IRC 




ATI, 


TRC. 






NAC, 


TRC. 






DUP, 


NAC. 






TRC. 








ACY, 


BL, 


DUP, 


GAF, NAC, TRC 


DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC 


TRC. 


ACY. 








DUP. 








ACY, 


sue, 


SW, 


TRC, X. 


ACY, 


TRC. 






DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC 


TRC. 


DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC 


TRC. 


ALL, 


DUP, 


GAF 


NAC, TRC. 



KIS, NAC, SNA, TRC. 

DUP, GAF, NAC, SDC, TRC. 

ALL, DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC. 

DUP. 

DUP, MEE, NAC. 

DUP. 

GAF. 

NAC. 

GAF, SDH. 

GAF. 

ALL, DUP, GAF, PCO, TRC. 

TRC. 

DUP, VPC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



63 



TABLE 7B. ~ Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or salea mere reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Chemical 



UanuTactursra ' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 23) 



»8-Aiiiino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid (H acid), 

monosodiujn salt. 
i<e-Amlno-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonic acid (Chicago acid) 
(2S acid), monosodium salt. 

»l-Aiiiino-2-naphthol-<;-sulfonlo acid (l,2,A-acid) 

-tte-Amino-l-naphthol-S-sulfonlc acid (J acid), sodium salt 

»7-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonlc acid (Gamma acid), sodium 
salt. 

g-Amlno-l-naphthol-S-sulfonio acid (S acid), sodium salt 

•2-Amino-5-nitrobenzene8ulfoiiic acid [SOjHsl] 

»2 -Amino -4-iiltrophenol 

2-Amino-5-nltrophenol 

6-Amino-4-nltro-l-phenol-2 -sulfonic acid 

1 -2-Amino-l-(p-nitrophenyl) -1,3-propanediol 

4-Amlno-4'-nltro-2,2'-Btllbenedisulfonic acid 

2-Amlno-5-nitrothiazole 

3'-Amlnooxanilic acid 

A' -Amlnooxanllio acid 

p-Aminophenethyl alcohol 

( 2' -Aminophenethylthio) acetic acid 

5-Amino-2-o-phenetidinobenzenesulfonlc acid 

o-Aminophenol 

p-Aminophenol -— 

6-Amino-l-phenol-2,'i-disulfonio acid 

2-Ainlno-l-phenol-A-methyleulfone 

2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulf anthranllide 

»2-Amlno-l-phenol-4— sulfonamide 

«2-Amino-l-phenol-^-sulfonio acid 

m-(p-Aminophenylazo)benzenesulfonio acid 

«p-(p-Amlnophenylazo)benzenesulfonic acid 

5-(p-Amlnophenylazo) salicylic acid 

2-(p-Amlnopheiiyl) -6-methylbenzothiazole 

2-(p-Aminophenyl) -6-methyl-7-benzothiazoleEUlf onic acid 
and salt. 

l-(m-Aminophenyl) -5-oxo-2-pyr£izollne-3-carboxyllo acid 

2-Aminopyridine 

2-Aminopyrlmidine ■ 

5-Amlnosalicyllc acid 

N-('4-Amlno-3-suiro-anthraquinonyl)anthranillc acid 

l-(2-Amino-7-sulfo-5-hydroxy-6-naphthylazo)-6-nltro-2- 
naphthol-4.-sulfonio acid. 

2-Amlno-5-(p-sulfophenylazo)benzenesulfonic acid 

2-r4-(4-Amlno-2-sulfostyryl) -3-sulfophenyl] -2H-naphtho- 
[1,2] triazole-5-sulf onic acid. 

2-Amlnothiazole 

l-Amino-<t-(p-toluenesulfonamido)-2-anthraqulnone8ulfonlc 
acid. 

5-Amino-o-toluenesulfonaailide 

«<*-Ajnlno-m-toluenesulfonio acid [S03H=1] 

6-Amlno-m-toluenesulfonlc acid 

5-Amino-o-toluenesulfonio acid 

5-Amino-2-(p-toluidino)benzenesulfonio acid 

7-(4-Amino-o-tolylazo) -1,5-naphthalenedlsulfonlc acid 

N-^'i-Amino-m-tolylj-p-benzoquinoneimine 

3-Amino-a,a,a-trif luorotoluene 

16-Aminoviolanthrone 

»2-Amino-3,5-xylenesulfonio acid [SOjHsl] 



DUP, M3N, 


MAC. 




DUP, MAC, 


TRC. 




ACY, DUP, 


OAF 


MAC, TRC, VPC. 


ACY, BL, 


zna. 


DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC. 


DUP, OAF, 


NAC, 


TRC. 


NAC, TRC. 






ACY, DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC, TRC. 


CU3, DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC, TRC, VPC. 


MAC. 






CMC, TRC. 






PD. 






TRC. 






EKT. 






CMG, TRC. 






DUP, GAF. 






EKT. 






DUP. 






NAC. 






VPC. 






ABB, DUP, 


SDC, 


VPC. 


IRC. 






TRC. 






TRC. 






CMG, DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 


CWN, DUP, 


KPC, 


NAC. 


TRC, KPC. 






ACY, CMG, 


DUP, 


GAF, NAC, TRC, VPC 


TRC. 






DUP, MAC. 






DUP, PCO, 


IRC. 




TRC, VPC. 






NEP, RIL. 






ACY. 






KPC, TRC. 






GAF. 






TRC. 






DUP. 






TRC. 






ACY. 






DUP, OAF. 






OAF. 






ACY, DUP, 


GAF 


MEE, SNA. 


DUP, SDH, 


SW. 




DUP. 






DUP, NAC, 


TRC 




TRC. 






DUP. 






NES. 






OAF. 






DUP, GAM, 


NAC 


SDH, STG, WRN. 



64 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 7B. 



--Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



»Aniline (Aniline oil) =' 

Aniline hydrochloride 

l-Anilino-2-anthraquinoneoartioxyliG acid 

p-Anilinobenzenediazonium sulfate 

2-Anilinoethanol (Phenylethanolamine) : 

8-Anllino-5-(p-hydroxyanilino) -l-naphthalenesulfonio acid — 

»AnillnomethaneEulfonic acid and salt 

»8-Anilino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Phenyl peri acid) 

■i(6-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-siilfonic acid (Phenyl J acid) 

•7-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Phenyl gajnma acid) 

p-Anilinophenol 

o-Anisaldehyde 

Anisic acid 

p-Anisic aldehyde bisulfite 

»o-Anlsidine 

p-Anisidine 

»o-Anisidinoniethanesulfonic acid 

Anisole, tech 

Anisoyl chloride 

Anthracene, refined 

Anthraflavic acid (2,6-Dihydroxyanthraqulnone) 

»Anthranilic acid (o-Amlnohenzoic acid) 

»Anthra[l,9]pyrazol-6(2H)-one (Pyrazoleanthrone) 

»Anthraquinone , 100% 

2-Anthraqulnonecarboxylic acid 

H,N'-(l,5-Anthraqiilnone)dioxainic acid 

■»l,5-Anthraquinonedisulfonic acid 

IjS-Anthraquinonedisulfonic acid, disodium salt 

l,5(and 1,8) -Anthraquinonedisulfonic acid and salt 

1,8-Anthraqulnonedisuironio acid 

»l,8-Anthraquinonedisulfonic acid, potassium salt 

»2,6-Anthraquinonedisulfonic acid and salt 

»l-Anthraquinonesulfonic acid and salt 

2--Anthraquinonesulfonic acid and salt (Silver salt) 

9-( 1- '..f.thraquinonylamino) -3-[ 5( and 8) -( 1-anthra- 
quinonylamino) -l-anthraquinonylamino] -7H-henz[de] - 
anthracen-7-one . 
1,1' -[1,5 (and l,8)-Anthraquinonylenediamino]"bisnaphth- 
[2,3-c]acridan-5,8,14-trione. 

»N,N'-(l,5-Anthraquinonylene)dlanthranilic acid 

l-(l-Anthraquinonyl)-l,2-hydrazinedisulfonic acid, disodium 
salt. 

»Anthraruf in (1,5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 

Anthrone 

Arsanilic acid and salt, tech 

<i',4"'-Azobis['i-biphenyloarboxylic acid] 

4,4-Azobis[p-phenylbenzoic acid] 

3,3' -Azoxydiani line 

»Benzaldehyde , tech 

Benz amide ~- 

4-(A-Benzamido-l-anthraquinonylamino)naphth[2,3-o]acridan- 
5,8,14-trione. 

l-Benzamido-4-chloroanthraquinone 

»1 -Benz amldo-5-chloroanthraqui none 

l-Benzamldo-5-chloro-4-methoxyanthraquinone 

2-(3-(4-Benzamido-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl) -1 -methyl diazoamid) - 
[3-(4-Benzainldo-6-methoxy-m-tolyl) -l^iiethyltriazen-3-yl] - 

acetic acid. 
3-Benzamido-l-naphthol-3-sulfonlc acid 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



ACY, 
ACY. 
DUP. 
TRC. 

uec. 

DUP. 

ACY, 

CMG, 

ATL, 

CMG, 

DUP. 

ASL. 

HN. 

KPC. 

ALL, 

DUP, 

DUP, 

DUP, 

TBK. 

ACP. 

DUP, 

DOW, 

DUP, 

ACY, 

ACY. 

GAF, 

ACY, 

DUP. 

DUP, 

DUP. 

AHC, 

ACY, 

ACY, 

DUP, 

DUP. 



DOW, DUP, EKT, MON, NAC. 



CMG, DUP, KPC, NAC, PCO, TRC, VPC. 

DUP, GAF, NAC, SDC, TRC. 

CMG, DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC. 
DUP, KPC, TRC. 



DUP, KPC, MON. 

MON, SDH. 

GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

LIL. 



GAF. 

DUP, MEE, NAC. 
MAY, NAC, TRC. 
DUP, TRC. 

MEE. 

AHC, DUP, GAF, TRC. 

TRC. 

GAF, TRC. 

AHC, DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC, VPC. 

AHC, DUP, GAF, KPC, MAY, NAC, TRC. 

KPC, NAC. 



AHC, DUP, TRC. 
DUP. 

ACY, CMG, DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC. 

AHC. 

ABB. 

DUP. 

GAF. 

VPC. 

BPC, HN, TNP. 

MAY. 

DUP. 

DUP, GAF, TRC. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, MAY, NAC, TRC. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

TRC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



65 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. prodttction or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



l-Benzamido-S-p-toluenesulfonamidoanthraquinone 

Benzanilide 

«7H-Benz[de]anthracen-7-one (Benzanthrone) 

Benzenearsonlc acid 

m-Benzenedisulfonic acid 

Benzenesulfonamlde 

Benzenesulfonic acid 

Benzenesulfonlc acid, n-propyl ester 

Benzenesulfonyl chloride 

Benzenethiol 

Benzhydrol (Diphenylmethanol) 

Benzidine base 

l-('i-Benzidlne-2,5-diethoxyphenyl)-3-(methyl-3- 

(2-sulf ethyl) triazone) . 

«Benzidine hydrochloride and sulfate 

Benzil (Bibenzoyl) 

Benzilic acid 

2-Benzofuranaoetonltrile 

•Benzoic acid, tech 

Benzoic anhydride 

Benzoin 

Benzonitrile 

Benzo[b]thlophen-3(2H)-one 

l,2,3-Benzotriazin-<;(lH)-one (Benzazlndde) 

IH-Benzotrlazole 

2-Benzoyl-o-aoetanisidide 

Benzoylacetic acid, ethyl ester 

'V-Benzoylamino-2,5-diethoxyaniline 

»o-Benzoylbenzoic acid 

Benzoyl chloride 

2-Benzoyl^-sulfobenzoic acid 

2-Benzoyl-4' -(p-toluenesulfonainido)acetanillde 

Benzylamine 

Benzyl disulfide 

Benzyl ether (Dibenzyl ether) 

'i-(N-Benzyl-N-ethylamino) -o-toluenesulfonic acid 

N-Benzyl-N-ethyl-m-toluidine 

<i,'>'-Benzylidinebls[N,N-diethylanillue] 

4,<i'-Benzylidlnebis[N,N-dimethylanillne] 

N,N'-[BenzyUdenedi-p-(m-tolylene) ]bis[ N-ethyl- 

benzylamine ] . 

i-Benzylidineiminoantipyrine 

Benzyl polysulfide 

2-Benzylpyridine 

4' ,^"' -Bi-o-acetoacetotoluidide 

•3,3'-Bianthra[l,9]pyrazole-6,6'(2H,2'H)-dione 

( Pyrazoleanthrone yellow) . 

[3,3'-Bi-7H-benzrde]anthracenl-7,7'-dione 

*['i,<;'-Bi-7H-benz[de]anthracen]-7,7'-dione 

endo-cis-Bicyclo[2,2,l]hept-5-ene-2,3-dlcarboxylic 

anhydride. 

[1,1' -Binaphthalene]-8,8'-dioarboxylic acid 

Biphenyl 

A-Biphenylcarboxylic acid 

2,2'-Biquinoline 

<i,4'-BiB[8-aoetaiiiido-3,6-dinltro-l-hydroxy naphthylazo] 

3,3' -dimethoxybiphenyl. 



AHC. 

DUP. 

ACY, 

EK. 

KPC. 

NES. 

EK, 

NES. 

DA, 

EVN. 

OPC, 

MAC. 

OAF. 



AHC, DUP, OAF, KPC, MAY, NAC, PCO, IRC. 

UPF. 

NES, IRC. 
TBK. 



CWN, DUP, FIN, NAC. 

LEM. 

BPC, LEM. 



HK, MON, 


TNP. 




EK. 






BPC, LEM. 






TNP. 






GAP. 






MEE. 






MEE, MRT. 






EK. 






FMP. 






VPC. 






ACY, DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC. 


HK, TNP. 






DUP. 






EK. 






FBS, MIS. 






CCW. 






BPC, TBK. 






NAC. 






DUP, NAC. 






DSC. 






DSC. 






TRC. 






SDW. 






HK. 






RIL. 






SDH. 






DUP, GAF, 


NAC, 


TRC. 


DUP, NAC. 






ACY, AHC, 


DUP, 


GAF, MAY, TRC 


NAC. 






DUP, GAF. 






DOW, MON. 






DUP. 






EK. 






TRC. 







66 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 7B. ■ 



-Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



»l,<i-Bis [l-anthraquinonylamino] anthraquinone 

1,4-Bis [l-antliraquinonylamino]anthraqulnone and 1,A-Bis- 
[S-Chloro-l-anthraquinonylajiilno ]anthraqulnone (mixed) . 

1,5-Bis [l-anthraquinonylamino] anthraquinone 

Bis[l-Anthraquinonylamino]violanthrene 

N,N'-Bis[l-ohloro-2-anthraquinonyl]-4',4"'-azobis- 
[ 4-biphenyloarboxaiiiide ] . 

ijA'-Bisrdiethylaminojbenzhydrol 

A,4'-Bis[diethylainino]benzhydrol, 2,6-naphthalenedi- 
sulf onate . 

»4,'i'-Bls[diethylamino]benzophenone (Ethyl ketone base) 

^-jA'-Bisfdimethylaminolbenzhydrol (Michler'e hydrol) 

itA^'i'-BisfdimethylamlnoJbenzophenone (Mlchler's ketone) 

Bl8[p-dimethylaniinophenyl]methanesulfonic acid and salt 

a,a-Bls [4-( N-ethyl-3-sulf obenzylamino) -2-tolyl] -a-hydroxy- 

p-toluenesulfonic acid, 
a, a-Bis[<i-(N-ethyl-3'-sulfobenzylamino)-2-tolyl] - 

p-toluenesulfonic acid. 
A,<4'-Bis[p-hydroxyphenylazo] -2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid — 

4.,A'-Bis[p-h^droxyphenyl] valeric acid 

Bis^p-nitrophenyl] ether 

a^,a'-BiE[5-tert-butyl-6-hydroxy-m-tolyl]mesitol 

2-Bromoacetophenone 

p-Bromoanlllne 

A-Bromoanlsole 

»3-Broiiio-7H-benz[ de] anthracen-7-one ( Bromobenzanthrone) 

Bromobenzene , mono 

p-Bromobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

o-Bromobenzolo acid 

<*-Bromobenzophenone 

p-Bromo-N,N-bis[2-hydroxyethyl]benzenesulfonamide 

2-Bromodibenzofuran 

(2-Bromoethyl) benzene 

2-Bromo-3'-hydroxyacetophenone benzoate-- 

1-Bromo-A-methylamlnoanthraquinone 

l-Bromo-2-iiiethylanthraquinone 

2-Brorao-3-methylanthraquinone 

3'-Bromo-<t' -methyl -2-blphenylcarboxylio acid 

1-Bromonaphthalene 

2-Bromo-A' -nitroacetophenone 

a-Bromo-p-nitrotoluene 

l-( 9-Bromo-7-oxo-7H-benz [de] anthracen-3-ylaiiilno) - 
anthraquinone . 

m-Bromophenol 

p-Bromophenol 

p-Bromophenyl phenyl ether 

3-Bromophthalic anhydride 

2-Bromopyridinfi 

2-Bromoqxiinizarln 

a -Bromotoluene -— 

o-Bromotoluene — ' 

p-Bromotoluene — 

l-Bromo-2,'4,6-triethylbenzene 

p-n-Butylamlnobenzoic acid, ethyl ester ^ 

p-Butylanlllne 

2-tert-Butylauthraqulnone 

n-Butylbenzene 



ACY, AHC, OAF, MAY, MAC, TRC. 
TRC. 

DUP. 
GAF. 
OAF. 

GAF. 
GAF. 

DSC, DUP, SDH. 

DSC, DUP, SDH. 

DSC, DUP, GAF, NAC, SDH. 

NAC. 

TRC. 

TRC. 



TRC. 

JNS. 

DUP. 

ACY. 

EK. 

EK. 

EK, 

ACY 

DOW. 

EK. 

EK. 

FBS. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

EK. 

SDH. 

DUP, 

DUP. 

DUP. 



FBS, OPC. 
AHC, DUP, GAF, MAY, NAC, TRC. 



EK. 
NES. 
EK. 
DUP. 

EK. 

EK. 

EK. 

KPC. 

FMT. 

KPC. 

EK. 

EK. 

EK. 

DUP. 

FBS. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

EK,.PLC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



67 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



sec-Butylbenzene 

tert-Butylbenzene 

p-tert-Butylbenzoic acid 

o-(p-tert-Butylbenzoyl) benzoic acid 

6-Butyl-m-cresol [ OH=l] 

2-tert-Butyl-p-cresol 

2'-tert-Butyl-4',6'-dliDethylacetophenone 

2-tert-Butyl-A-ethylphenol 

N^-Butyl-<4-methoxyinetanilajiiide 

2-tert-Butyl-5-methylanisole 

o-sec-Butylphenol 

p-seo-Butylphenol 

o-tert-Butylphenol 

p-tert-Butylphenol 

Butylphenols , mixed 

p-tffrt-Butyltoluene 

5-tert-Butyl-l,2,3-trimethylbenzene 

5-tert-Butyl-m-xylene 

Carbazole, refined 

p -( 3 -Carbazoly lami no ) phenol 

N,N'-Carbonylbis [4.-methoxymetanilic acid ] 

N,N'-Carbonylbis['i-methoxy-6-nitrometanilio acid] 

2,'i'-Carbonyldibenzoic acid ' 

6(and 2)-Carboxybenzene-2(and -ij-diazo-l-oxide 

5'-(o-Carboxybenzoyl) -2-chlorooxanilic acid 

3-Carboxy-2(and 4) -hydroxybenzenediazonium sulfate 

3-Carboxyinethyl-l-(5-ohloro-o-tolyl) -3-methyltriazene- 

3-( Carboxymethyl-3-methyl) -l-p-tolyltriazene 

o-(Carboxymethylthio) benzoic acid 

5-(o-Carboxyphenylsulfamoyl) anthranilic acid 

3-( 2-Carboxy-4-sulf ophenyl) -l-( 2,5-diohlorophenyl) - 

3-ethyltriazene . 
3-(2-Carboxy-<4-sulfophenyl)-l-(5-dimethylsulfamoyl- 
o-tolyl) -3-methyltriazene . 

Chelidamic acid 

Chlorendic acid 

2'-Chloroacetoacetanilide 

3'-Chloroacetophenone 

'i'-(Chloroacetyl)acetanilide 

"m-Chloroaniline and hydrochloride 

«o-Chloroaiiiline 

p-Chloro aniline 

2-(Chloroanllino)ethanol 

3-(o-Chloroanl]ano)propionitrile 

5-Chloro-o-anlEldine [NH2=i] (/;-Chloro-o-anisidine 
[0CH3=1]). 

5-Chloro-o-anisidine hydrochloride 

-i-Chloroanthranillc acid 

»l-Chloroanthraquinone ■ 

»2-Chloroanthraquinone 

«o-Chlorobenzaldehyde 

p-Chlorobenzaldehyde 

Chloro-7H-benz [de] anthraoen-7-one ( Chlorobenzanthrone) 

»Chlorobenzene , mono- 

l-Chlorobenzene-<i-methylsulfone 

<i-Chlorobenzenesulf inlc acid 

p-Chlorobenzenesulfonamide 

p-Chlorobenzenesulfonic acid 



PLC. 

PLC. 

SHC. 

DUP. 

KPT. 

ACY. 

GIV. 

ACY. 

ALL, GAF, PCW. 

GIV. 

DOW. 

DOW. 

TNA. 

DOW, KPT, UCP. 

UCP. 

SHC. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

SDC. 

DUP. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

ACY. 

DUP. 

GAF. 

GAF, MAC. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

TRC. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

SDW. 

HK. 

FMP, UCC. 

EK. 

DUP. 

DUP, GAF, MON. 

DUP, MON, VPC. 

DUP, MON. 

EKT. 

DUP. 

SDH, VPC. 



BUC, 

DUP. 

ACY, 

ACY, 

HN, 

HN. 

ACY, 

ACS, 

TRC. 

TRC. 

ACY. 

GAF. 



GAF. 

AHC, DUP, GAF, KPC, MAY, NAC, TRC. 
GAF, NAC, TRC. 
NAC, SDH. 

TRC. 

DOW, DUP, GGY, HK, HKD, MON, MPO, OMC, PPG. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



4-Chlorobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

o-Chlorobenzoic acid 

p-Chlorobenzoic acid 

5-Chloro-2-benzoxazolinone 

»o-(p-Chlorobenzoyl) benzoic acid 

p-Chlorobenzoyl chloride 

a-(p-Chlorobenzyl) -<i-diethylaminoethoxy-4' -methyl- 
benzhydrol. 

4-,'i'-(o-Chlorobenzylidene)di-2,5-xylidine 

2-Chloro-5-(o-carboxyphenylsulfamoyl) benzoic acid 

Chloro-(p-chlorophenyl, phenyl) methane 

2-Chloro-10-(3-chlQropropyl)thlaxanthene 

2-Chloro-5-(chlorosulfonyl) benzoic acid 

2-Chloro-l,<4-dibutoxy-5-nltrobenzene ' 

2-Chloro-l,4-diethoxy-5-nltrobenzene 

2-Chloro-N,N-diethyl-<4-nitro aniline 

N-(3-Chloro-9,10-dihydroxy-2-anthryl)acetainide bis [acid 
sulfate] . 

■>'-5-Chloro-2,'i-dimethoxy aniline 

l-Chloro-2,4-dlmethoxy-5-nitrobenzene 

4-Chloro-N,N-dimethyl-3-nltrobenzenesulfonann"de 

5-Chloro-<;,7-dlmethyl-3(2H)-thianaphthenone 

*l-Chloro-2,'4-dinltrobenzene ( Dinitrochlorobenzene ) 

<+-Chloro-3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid 

3-Chlorodiphenylamine 

Chlorodiphenylme thane 

a-Chloro-o( and/or p)-dodeoyltoluene [CH3=l] 

■l-Chloro-S-ethylaniline 

4-[(2-Chloroethyl)ethylamino]-o-tolualdehyde 

N-(2-Chloroethyl)-N-ethylanlllne 

2-Chloro-N-ethyl-5-nitrobenzenesulfonanilide 

p- [ ( 2-Chloroethyl) methylami" no] benzaldehyde 

a-Chloro( ethyl) toluene 

3-Chloroformanilide 

5-Chloro-2-forniylbenzenesulfonio acid, manganous salt 

<i-Chloro-3-hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid 

l-Chloro-A-hydroxyanthraquinone 

4'-Chloro-2-hydroxy-<i-methoxybenzophenone 

5'-Chloro-3-hydroxy-2-naphthol-o-anlsidine 

5-Chloro-<i-isopropyl]netaniUc acid 

<i-Chlorometanillc acid 

5-Chlorometanllic acid 

6-Chlorometanillc acid 

5-Chloro-2-methoxybenzenediazonluin chloride 

N-(5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenylazo)sarcosine 

»l-Chloro-2-methylanthraquinone 

6-Chloro-.4-methylbenzo-l,3-thlaza-2-thioniuin chloride 

6-Chloro-2-methyl-7-chlorosulfonyl-2H-l,2,<t-benzo- 
thiadiazin-3(4H)-one, 1,1-dioxide. 

■4-(Chloromethyl)-l,2-dlmethylbenzene 

6-Chloro-2-methyl-7-( N-methylsulf amoyl) -2H-1,2,'4- 
benzothiadiazin-3(<4H) -one, 1,1-dioxide. 

l-Chloromethylnaphthalene 

A -Chloro-3 -(3 -methyl-5 -oxo-2 -pyrazolin-l-yl) benzenesulf onic 
acid. 

Chloronaphthalenes 

2-(8-Chloro-l-naphthylthio) acetic acid 



TRC. 

HN, SDH. 

HN. 

x. 

AHC, DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC. 

HN. 



GAF. 
TRC. 
OPC. 
KF. 



TRC. 

GAF, MKE. 
GAF, MEE. 
DUP. 
GAF. 



ALL, 

GAF. 

GAF. 

NAC. 

DUP, 

GAF. 

SK. 

OPC, 

ORO. 

ACY. 

GAF. 

DUP. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

BPC. 

DUP. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

AHC. 

ACy. 

SDH. 

SW. 

DUP, 

DUP, 

DUP, 

GAF. 

ATL, 

ACY, 

DUP. 

ABB. 

BPC. 
ABB. 



BPC. 
DUP, GAF. 



KI£, PCW. 

GAF, KPC, NAC, SDC. 
TBK. 



GAF. 
NAC. 
NAC. 

SDH. 

AHC, CMG, GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC. 



KPT. 
GAF. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



69 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediates fmr which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, I960 --Continued 



2-Chloro-3'-nltroacetopheiione 

»2-Chloro-4-nitroaiilline (o-Cliloro-p-Qitroanillue) 

*4-Chloro-2-nitroanlLlne (p-Chloro-o-nltroanlllne) 

4-Cliloro-2-nitroanlsole 

♦l-Chloro-S-nitroanthraqulnone 

l-Chloro-8-nltroanthraquinone 

«l-Cliloro-2-nltrobenzeiie (Chloro-o-nitrobenzene) 

»l-Cliloro-2( and A) -nitrobenzene (Chloronltrobenzenes, 
o- and p-) . 

l-Cliloro-3-nitrobenzene (Chloro-m-nitrobenzene) 

1-Chloro-A-nltrobenzene (Chloro-p-nitrobenzene) 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzene sulfonamide 

«<l-Cliloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide 

A-Chloro-S-nltrobenzenesulfonanlllde 

•2-Ctiloro-5-nltrobenzenesulfanlo acid 

•2-Cliloro-5-nltrobenzenesulfqnic acid, sodium salt 

*l-Cliloro-3-nltrobenzenesulfonic acid 

«4-Cliloro-3-nitrobenzenesvilfonyl chloride 

A-Chloro-3-nitrobenzoic acid 

«o-('i-Chloro-3-nitrobenzoyl) benzoic acid 

A-Chloro-2-nitroplienol t 

4-Chloro-6-nltro-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid 

A-Cliloro-3-nitrophenyl methyl sulfone 

a-Chloro-p-nitrotoluene 

2-Chloro-4-nitro toluene 

2-Chloro-6-nltro toluene 

4-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene 

A-Chloro-3-nitrotoluene 

m-Chlorophenol — -'- 

o-Chlorophenol 

p-Chlorophenol 

p-Chlorophenylacetonitrile 

4-Chloro-*-phenyl-o-oresol 

il-Chloro-o-phenylenediamine 

a-(p-Chlorophenyl)-4-methyl-a-phenyl-l-piperazine- 
methanol. 

l-(m-Chlorophenyl)-3-iiietliyl-2-pyrazollii-5-one 

Chlorophenylsilanes 

4-Chlorophthalic acid 

Chlorophthalic anhydride 

N^-(6-Chloro-5-pyTidazinyl) sulfanilamide 

2-Chloropyrldine 

6-Chloroquinaldine 

»2-Chloroqxiinlzarin 

7-Chloro-4-qiiinolinol 

6-Chloroquinophthalone 

4-Chlorore80rcinol 

2-Chloro-5-sulfanioylbenzoic acid 

8-Chlorotheophylline 

2-Chlorothiophene 

2-Chlorothioxanthene 

2-Chlorothioxanthen-9-one 

2-Chloro-lO-thioxanthenone 

m-Chlorotoluene 

o-Chlorotoluene 

p-Chloro toluene 

«a-Chlorotoluene (Benzyl chloride) 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEE. 










ACY, 


DOW, 


DUP, 


sue. 




DOW, 


DUP, 


SDH, 


VPC. 




VPO, 










ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


MAY, 


NAC, TRC 


DUP, 


NAC. 








DUP, 


KPC, 


MDN. 






DUP, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


SDG. 




DUP, 


MDN. 








DUP, 


KPC, 


MON. 






KPC. 










DUP, 


EKT, 


GAF, 


ICC, 


KPC, TRC 


TRC. 










ACY, 


CMG, 


KPC, 


NAC, 


TRC. 


DUP, 


GAF. 








CMC, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


NAC, 


TRC. 


DUP, 


EKT, 


KPC, 


TRC. 




PCW. 










AHC, 


GAF, 


KPC 


NAC 




DUP, 


KPC. 








GAF. 










TRC. 










EK. 










DUP. 










DUP. 










DUP, 


GAF. 








DUP, 


KPC. 








EK. 










DOW, 


»N. 








DOW, 


MDN. 








TBK. 










MON. 










FMT. 










ABB. 










IRC, 


VPC 








SPD. 










DUP, 


SW. 








HK, 


MON. 








ACY. 










FMT 


NEP 








DUP. 










HSH 


NAC 


TRC 






SDW 










DUP 










GAF 


KPC 








TRC 










MAL 










GAM 










KF. 










KF. 










MEE 










HK. 










HN. 










HN. 










BPC 


HK, 


HN, 


MON, 


TNP. 



70 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I960 



TABLE 7B. -- Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



l-Chloro-5-p-toluenesulf onnnrl doanthraquinone 

3-Chloro-o-toluidine [NHa'll 

3-Chloro-p-toluidine [nH2=iJ 

«4-Chloro-o-toluidine [nH2=i1 (5-ChlOEO-o-toluidine [CH3=1]) 
•5-Chloro-o-toluidine [nHs^iI (-^-Chloro-o-toluidine [CH3=l]) 

<^-Chloro-o-toluidine hydrochloride [NH2-I] 

»5-Chloro-o-toluidine hydrochloride [NH2=1] 

5-Chloro-o-toluidine sulfate [NH2al] 

N-(5-Chloro-o-tolylazo)sarcosine 

2- [l-( 6-Chloro-o-tolyl) -5 -hydroxy-3 -methyl-<i-pyrazolylazo] 
eulfanilic acid. 

l-(5-Chloro-o-tolyl)-3-methyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

(4-Chloro-o-tolylthio) acetic acid 

2-Chlaro-5-trlfluorome thy lani line 

3-Chl0ro-a,a,a-trlfluoro-6-nitrotoluene 

p-Chloro-a,a,a-trlfluorotoluene 

Chlorotrlphenylme thane 

a-Chloro-p-xylene 

2-Chloro-p-xylene 

'i-Chloro-2,5-xylenesulfonyl chloride 

A-Chloro-SjS-xylenol 

4.-Chloro-2,5-xylylthloacetic acid 

Chrys anthemi itmnonoc arboxyli e acid, ethyl ester 

Chrysazin (1,8-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 

Cinnamoyl chloride 

s-Collldine (2,4,6-Trlmethylpyridlne) 

•Cresols:-'- 

m-Cresol 

*o-Cresols: 

From coal tar 

From petroleum 

»p-Cresol 

Cresols, mixed: ""^ 
»(in/P)-Cre80l: 

»From coal tar 

*From petroleum 

*(o,m,p) -Cresol: 

From coal tar 

From petroleum — 

Other 

2,3-Cresotic acid 

»Cresyllo acid, refined:^ 

•From coal tar 

»From petroleum 

»Cumene 

p-Cyanobenzaldehyde 

'i-[(2-Cyanoethyl)ethylamino]-o-tolualdehyde 

p-[(2-Cyanoethyl)methylamino] benzaldehyde 

S-Cyano-l-naphthalenesulfonie acid 

Cyanurlc acid (s-Triazlne-2,'i,6-triol) 

Cyanuric chloride 

«Cyclohexane 

l,<*-Cyclohexanedlcarboxylic acid, dimethyl ester 

1,2-Cyolohexanedicarboxylic anhydride 

•Cyclohexanol 

Cyolohexanone 

Cyclohexanone oxime 



AHC. 
DUP, 
DUP, 
ACY, 

DUP, 
DUP. 
ALL, 
NAC. 
ATL. 
XRC. 



NAC. 

OAF. 

KPC, NAC, PCW. 

GAF, KPC, SDH. 

ATL, AUG, BUG, DUP, GAF, KIS, SDH. 



TRC. 

ACY, DUP, NAC. 

SDH. 

MEE. 

HK. 

EK. 

BPC. 

DUP. 

GAF, NAC. 

OTA. 

OAF, NAC. 

BPC. 

DUP, GAF. 

BPC, TBK. 

KPT, RIL. 

KPT. 

KPT, PRD, RIL. 
MER, PRD. 
HPC, SW. 



ACP, KPT, PRD, REP, RIL. 
MER, PIT, PRD. 

ACP, KPT, REP, RIL. 
MER, PIT, PRD. 
RIL, SW. 
DOW. 



ACY, KPT, PRD, RIL. 
PIT, PRD, SHO, SM, see. 
DOW, HPC, PLC, SOC, TX. 



NIL. 
DUP, ENJ, GOC, PLC, PLP. 



DOW, DUP, 
DUP, NAC. 



M, NAC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



TABLE IB. --Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, i560— Continued 



Cyclohexene 

4-Cyclohexene-l,2-dlearboxlniide 

4-Cyclohexene-l,2-dioarboxyllc anhydride 

Cyolohexy lace tone 

»Cyclohexylamlne 

l,5-Cyclcioct£idiene 

Cyolopentene 

(2-Cyclopenten-l-yl) acetone, tech 

xp-Cymene 

Decylbenzene 

l,5(and l,8)-Dlacetaiiiidoanthraquinone 

N.N-DlaHylcamphoramic acid 

N ,N^ -Diallylmelnitil ne 

»l,4-Dlaiiilnoaiithraqulnoue 

»1,5-Dlaiiilnoanthraqulnone 

l,5(and l,8)-Diainlnoanthraqulnone 

*2,6-Dlainlnoanthraqulnone 

l,4-Dlaiiilno-2,3-anthraqulnonedicarbonltrlle 

1,4.-01 amlno-2,3-anthraqulnonedlcart)OXlmlde 

AjS-Dlamlnoanthrarufln 

3,3 -Dlamlnobenzanllide 

3,4--Diamlnobenzanlllde 

•2,4-Diainlnobenzenesulfonlc acid [S03H=l] 

2,5-Diamlnobenzenesuironlc acid [s03H=l] 

<i,<i'-Dlamlno-2,2'-biphenyldlsulfonio acid 

3,7-Diaminodlbenzothlophenedlsuli'onlc acid, 5,5-dloxlde, 
disodium salt. 

l,'i-Dlainlno-2,3-dichloroanthraqulnone 

l,5(and l,8)-Dlamino-<4,8(and 4,5)-dihydroxyaiithraquinane 

3,6-Dlaiiilno-2,7-dlmethylacridlne 

3,6-Diainino-2,7-diinethylacridlne sulfate 

4,'i'-Diamino-3,3'-dimethyltriphenylmethaiie 

5,6-Dlainlno-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

Ij-i-Diamlno-S-nitroanthraquinone 

2, 4-01 amino -6-phenyltrlazlne 

2,4-0181111 no -6-phenyl-s-trlazine 

2,6-DlanilnopyTidine 

*V,4'-Dlainlno-2,2'-etllbenedisulfonlc acid — 

»4,6-Diaiiilno-m-toluene3ulfonlo acid [S03H=l] 

2,6-Oiaiiiluo-p-toluenesulf onlc acid [S03H=l] 

l,5-Dlanillno-2,6-anthraquinonedlcarboxyllc acid 

2,4-Dianllino-l-hydroxyanthraqulnone 

o-Dlanieidlne 

l,2-Dianthronyl-l,2-ethanedlol 

Diary Iguanidine 

1,5-Dibenzamidoaiithraqulnone 

4,9-0ibenzajnido-3',4',6 ',7 '-diphthaloyloarbazole 

«i;,5'-Dlbenzaiiiido-l,l'-lminodlanthraquinone 

5,5'-Dlbenzaiiiido-l,l'-tmiuodlanthraqulnome 

5 ',5' '-Oibenzajiildo-l,l' ,<i,l"-trlanthrimide— — — — 

2-Dibenzofuranol — — ~ 

l',2 ',6', 7 '-Dlbenzopyrene-7,14-quinone 

Dlbenzothlophene 

»l,5-Dibenzoylaaphthalene — - 

NjN'-Dibenzylethylenedlamine ~ 

N,N '-Dibenzylethylenedlamlne diacetate 

2,4 '-Dlbromoacetoplienone — _ — 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



KF, PLC. 

CHO. 

MAC. 

GIV. 

ABB, EKT, ION. 

PLC. 

PLC. 

LIL. 

GID, HNW, HPC. 

NAC. 

KPC. 

WYT. 

ACY. 

DUP, OAF, KPC, MAC, TRC. 

OUP, GAT, NAC, TRC. 

AHC, TRC. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC, VPC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

IRC. 

DUP. 

AHC, DUP, GAF, NAC, IRC. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

ACY. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP, NAC. 

DUP. 

ACY. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

TNP. 

RH. 

NEP, RIL. 

ACY, DUP, GAF, NAC, SDH, TRC, VPC. 

DUP, KPC, NAC. 

NAC. 

GAF, NAC. 

GAF, TRC. 

ALL, BUC. 

AHC. 

DUP. 

GAF, IRC. 

AHC. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, GAF, MAY, NAC, IRC. 

ACY. 

AHC. 

GAF. 

AHC. 

EVN. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, GAF, HST, IRC. 

WYT. 

WYT. 



72 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



»3,9-Di'bromo-7H-tenz [de] anthraoen-7-one 

m-Dibromobenzene 

p-Dibromobenzene 

Dibromo-diamino-di-p-toluidinoanthraquinone 

5j5'-Dibromoindigotin 

2,6-Dibromo-l,5-naphthalenediol 

2,6-Dibromo-A-nitrophenol 

Dibromo-8,16-pyranthrenedione 

X,Y-Dibromothianthrene 

Dibromoviolanthrone 

a,a'-Dibroino-o-xylene 

p-Dibutoxybenzene 

l,<4-Dibutoxy-2' -mo rpholino-5 -nitrobenzene 

»2,5-Dicliloroaniline and hydrochloride [NH2=1] 

3,<4-Dichloroaniline 

»l,5-Dichloroanthraquinone 

l,5(and 1,8) -DicU.oroanthraquinone 

*l,8-Dichloroanthraquinone 

2,3-Dichloroanthraquinone 

<V,8(and 4,5) -Diohloro-l,5(and l,8)-anthraqulnone- 
disulfonic acid. 

2,6-Dlchlorobenzaldehyde 

3-(3,'4-Dichlorobenzaiiildo) -l-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-oue 

m-Dichlorobenzene 

«o-Dichlorobenzene 

*o(and p) -Dichlorobenzene 

«p-Dichlorobenzene 

3,4-Dichlorobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

«3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine base and salts 

2j4-Diohlorobenzoic acid 

2,'i-Diohlorobenzoyl chloride 

2,3-Dichloro-5,6-dicyano-p-benzoquinone 

Dichlorodiphenylsilane 

2',7'-Dichlorofluoresoein 

2,5-Dichloro-4-hydrazinobenzenesulfom.c acid 

7,16-Dichloroindanthrone 

Dichloroisoviolanthrone 

«2,5-Dichloro-4--(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl) benzene- 
sulfonic acid. 
Di Ohio romethylphenylsi lane 

»2,6-Dichloro-<i-nitroaniline 

<4,5-Dichloro-l-nltroanthraquinone 

1,2-Dichloro -4 -nitrobenzene 

*l,A-Dichloro-2 -nitrobenzene ( Nitro-p-dichlorobenzene) — ■ 

2,4-Dichlorophenol 

3,6-Dichloropyridazine 

<i,7-Dichloroquinoline 

2,5-Dichlorosulfanilic acid [S03H=l] 

2,5-Dichloro-4-sulfobenzenediazonlu]ii hydroxide 

l,5-Dichloro-4-sulfobenzenediazoniujn sulfate 

p,a-Dichlorotoluene 

2, 6-Dichloro toluene 

2,'4-Dichloro-5-(p-toluenesulfonainido)-l-naphthol 

Dioyclohexylamine 

Dicyolohexyl hydrogen phosphite 

Dicyclopentadlene 



ACY, 

EK. 

DOW. 

AHC. 

GAF. 

EK. 

MEE. 

DUP. 

TRC. 

GAF. 

EK. 

MEE. 

x. 

ALL, 

DUP, 

AHC, 

DUP, 

AHC, 

NAG, 

GAF. 



AHC, DUP, GAF, MAY, NAC, TRC. 



DUP, NAC, SDH, VPC. 

MON. 

DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC. 

GAF, NAC, TRC. 

DUP, GAF, TRC. 

TRC. 



NAC. 

EK. 

EK, UWS. 

ACS, CPD, DOW, DUP, DVC, HK, MON, QMC, PPG, SCC, SVT, 

WOI. 
ACS, GGY, HKD. 
CPD, DOW, DUP, DVC, HK, MON, MIO, PPG, SCC, SVT, UWS, 

WOI. 
EK. 

ALL, CWN, NAC, x. 
HN. 
HN. 
LIL. 

DCC, UCS. 
EK. 
GAF. 
AHC. 
AHC. 
ACY, CMC, DUP, GAF, TRC, VPC. 



DCC. 
DUP, 
GAF. 
DUP, 
DOW, 
DOW, 
ACY. 
PD, 

DUP; 

TRC. 
TRC. 



EKT, KPC. 

MON. 

DUP, KPC, NAC, VPC. 

MON. 

SDH, SDW. 
GAF, VPC. 



EN J, UCC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



73 



TABLE 7B. 



• Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, J960— Continued 



Dicyclopentadiene dioxide 

Sj-l-DlCljl-dlmethylpropyl) phenol (Dl-tert-aaylphenol) 

2,5-Dlethoxyanlllne 

2',5'-Diethoxybenzanlllde 

p-Dlethoxy benzene 

l,'t-Dlethoxy-2-morpholino-5-nitrobenzene 

2',5'-Dlethoxy-^'-nitrobenzanlllde 

1,4-Diethoxy -2 -nitrobenzene 

»p-Dlethylaiiilnobenzaldehyde 

<i-Diethylajnlnoethoxy-4'-methylbenzophenone 

a-(2-Dlethylaiiilnoethyl) -a-phenylcyclohexane methanol, 

hydrochloride. 

a-Diethylamlno-4'-hydroxy-m-acetotoluidlde 

«iii-Dlethylaiiilnophenol (N,N-Dlethyl-3-amlnophenol) 

3-Diethylamlnopropiophenone 

4-Dlethylanilno-o-tolualdehyde 

«N,N-Dlethylanlllne - — 

N,N-Diethyl-m-anisldine 

Diethylbenzene 

Diethylcyclohexane 

NjN-Dlethylcyclohexylamlne 

N.N-Dlethylmetanilic acid 

N ,N'''-Diethyl-A-methoxymetanilaiiiide 

N,N-Dlethyl-p-nltrosoanillne 

N,N-Diethyl-'i-nltroso-m-anlsldine hydrochloride 

N,N-Dlethyl-m-toluidlne 

6,15-Dihydroanthraqulnonazlne 

2,3-Dihydro~4H-pyran 

l,5(and l,8)-Dlhydroxyanthraqulnone 

Sji-Dihydroxybenzoic acid 

Dihydroxydinltroanthraqulnone 

l,5-Dihydroxy-i,8-dinltroanthraqulnone 

l,8-Dihydroxy-'i,5-dlnitro-2,6-anthraqulnonedisulfonic acld- 

2,2'-Dlhydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone 

*»i,5-Dlhydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedlsulfonic acid ( Chromotropio 

acid). 

«6,7-Dihydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonlc acid 

3,5-Dihydroxy-2-naphthoic acid 

2,2'-Dlhydroxy-4-(octadecyloxy)benzophenone 

*16,17-Dihydroxyvlolanthrone (Dihydroxydlbenzanthrone) 

2' ,A' -Dlmethoxyacetophenone 

2, 5 -Dime thoxy aniline 

2,5-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde 

«iii-Dlniethoxy benzene 

p-Dlmethoxy benzene 

»3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidlne 

2,<i-Dimethoxybenzolc acid 

1, l-(3, 3' -Dime thoxy -4,4' -biphenylene)bis [3-methyl-3-{2- 

sulfoethyl) triazene], 
3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,4' -bls[3-methyl-3-suli"oethyltrlazen- 

l-yl]blphenyl. 

l,4-Dlinethoxy-2 -nitrobenzene 

3,4-Dliiiethoxyphenethylaiiilne (Homoveratrylamlne) 

( 3, 4-Dlmethoxyphenyl) acetic acid 

(3,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)acetonitrile 

»16,17-Dlmethoxyviolanthrone 

p-Dimethylamlnobenzaldehyde 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 23) 



UCC. 
PAS. 
GAF. 
GAF. 
GAF, MEE. 

X. 

GAF. 
GAF. 
DUP, GAF, NAC. 

X. 

ACY. 

PD. 

ACY, DUP, GAF. 

ACY. 

DUP. 

ACY, 

DUP. 

DOW, 

UCC. 

DUP. 

DUP, 

PCW. 

GAF. 

DUP. 

DUP, 

TRC. 



DSC, DUP, MAC, SDH. 
KPP. 



DUP, 
AMB. 
DUP. 
AHC, 
DUP. 
ACY. 
HSH, 



JTC, TRC. 



NAC, TRC. 



FMT, 


GAF, 


IDC, 


NAC. 




GAF, 


PCW. 








ACY. 










ACY, 


AHC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


MAY, NAC, TRC 


DUP. 










DUP, 


EKT, 


KLS. 






CWN. 










ACY, 


DUP, 


EKT, 


GAF, 


KPC. 


DUP, 


TBK. 








AiL, 


CWN, 


DUP, 


NAC, 


SDH. 


ACY, 


DUP. 








GAF. 










DUP, 


SDH. 








DUP, 


EKT, 


GAF. 






LIL. 










LIL. 










UL. 










AHC, 


KPC, 


MAY, 


TRC. 




FIN. 











608094 O -61 ' 



74 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



o-DimethylajnlnDethylphenol 

2-[ ( 2-DimethylaminDethyl) thenylamino] pyridine ( non- 
medlcinal grade) . 

dmethylaminoisobutyrophenone hydrochloride 

o-(Diiiiethylaminoinethyl)-p-hutylphenol 

6-Dimethylaiiiiiio-l-methylqulnaldinlum methylsulfate- 

m-Dlmethylainlnophenol 

N-(p-DiJiiethylaminopheuyl)-l,'i-naphthDquinoneliiilne— 
6-DimethylaiDinoquinaldiiie 

»N,N-Dimethylanlllne 

7, 12-Dime thy lbenz[a] anthracene 

2,5-Diinethyl-p-benzoquinone 

*N, N-Dimethylbenzylami ne 

»2,2'-Dimethyl-l,l'-bianthraquinone 

2,4-Di(l-methylbutyl) phenol 

5,5-Dimethyl-l,3-cyclohexanedlone 

N, N-Dijie thyleyc lohexylnnii ne 

2',7'-Dtmethylfluoran y 

Dine thy Ihydantoin 

2,8-Dtmethyl-13P-hydroxy-9(13p)-ceroxenone 

l,3-Dimethyl-2-tinidazolidinone 

2,3-Dlmethylindole 

«N,N-Diinethyl-p-nitrosoanillne 

N,N-Dlmethyl-3-nltro-p-toluenesulfonaiiiide 

a,a-Diinethylphenethylaniine — — 

N,N-Dlmethyl-p-phenylazoanillne 

NjN-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediaiiiine 

N,N-Dijnethyl-p-phenylenedinm1 ne monohydrochlorlde— 

2,5-Dlmethyl-l-phenylpyrrole 

2, 5-Dimethyl-l-phenyl-3-pyrrolecarboxy aldehyde 

1,4-Dimethylpiperazine 

p- (1,1-Dime thy Ipropyl) phenol 

N,N-Dlmethylsulfanilic acid 

N,N'-Di(2-naphthyl) -p-phenylenediamine 

2,'«-Dinitroaniline 

p-(2,'i-Dlnitroani lino) phenol 

2,4-Dinitroanisole 

l,5(and 1,8)-Dinitroanthraquinone 

2,4-Dinitro-N,N'-(l,5-anthraquinone)dioxandc acid— 

3,3'-Dinltrobenzanllide 

3',4-Dinltrobenzanllide 

m-Dlnitrobenzene 

2,4-Dinltrobenzenesulfonic acid 

3,5-Dinitrobenzoic acid 

3,5-Dinitrobenzoyl chloride 

Dluitro( 3 ,3 ' -hi -VH-benz [de] anthracen) -7,7' -dione— 

4,5-Dinltrochrysazin 

2,4-Dinitrocuinene 

♦2,4-Dlnitrophenol, tech 

2,4-Dlnltrophenylhydrazine 

p-Dinltrosobenzene ■ 

«4,4'-Dinitro-2,2'-stilbenedlsulfonic acid 

2,4-Dinitrotoluene 

2,4(and 2,6) -Dinitrotoluene 

3,5-Dlnltro-p-toluene3ulfonic acid 

Dipentene 

{2,4-Di(tert-pentyl)phenoxy) acetyl chloride 



MI£, SFA, X. 

AHC, CMG, DUP, GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC. 



LIL. 
RH. 

X. 

ACY. 

NAC. 

EK. 

ACY, DSC, DUP, KAC, SDH. 

EK. 

EK. 

FBS, 

ACY, 

PAS. 

EKT. 

MON. 

wm. 

GLY. 

WIW. 

MRA. 

DUP. 

ACY, DUP, NAC. 

OAF. 

BPC. 

EK. 

NAC. 

EK. 



JCC. 

PAS. 

GAF. 

DUP. 

ACY, 

DUP, 

ALL. 

AHC, 

TRC. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

DUP, 

GAF, 

DUP, 

EK. 

DUP, 

AHC, 

DUP. 

DUP, 



EK. 

FIN. 

DUP, 

ACY, 

DUP, 

GAF. 

GID, 

GAF. 



KPC. 
GAF, NAC. 



CMG, KPC, TRC. 



GAF, NAC. 

PCW. 

GAM. 

MAY. 

DUP, EKT, GAF. 

KPC, NAC, SDC. 



GAF, NAC, PCO, SDH, TRC. 

DUP, NAC. 

NAC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



75 



TABLE 7B. —Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, i960— Continued 



1,5-Diphenoxyanthraqulnone 

l,5(aiid l,8)-Dlphenoxyanthraqulnone 

1,8-Dlphenoxyantliraquinone 

Diphenylaoetlo acid 

Diphenylacetonltrlle, tech 

Diphenylamlne 

eja-Diphenylamlno-l-naphthaleneeulfonlc acid 

2,8-Dlphenylaiithraquinone-l' (S)2',5'(S)6'-dithlazole 

Dlphenyloarbamoyl chloride 

a-d-l,2-Diphenyl-<i-dtmethylamlno-2-hydroxy-3-methylbutatie, 

camphor sulfonate. 
a-d-l,2-Diphenyl-<i-dinethylamino-2-hydroxy-3-inethylbutane 

hydrochloride. 
a-dl-l,2-Diphenyl-^ -dime thylamino-2-hydroxy-3-me thy Ibutane 
hydrochloride . 

N,N'-Diphenylethylenediamine 

2,5-Diphenyloxazole 

N,N'-Dipheiiyl-3,-i,9,10-perylenetetracarboxylic diimide 

l,3-Diphenyl-l,3-propanedione 

1,3-Diphenyltriazene 

2,5-Dithiobiurea - 

Dithiodibenzoic acid 

•»l,'i-Di(p-toluidino)anthraquinone 

l,5-Di(p-toluidino)anthraquinone 

l,8-Di(p-toluidino)anthraquinone 

Divinylbenzene 

l,3-Di-2,6-xylylguanidine 

Dodecy lani line 

»Dodecylbenzene (includes keryl-type benzenes) 

Dodecylmethylbenzene 

Dodecy Imethylbenzyl chloride 

Dodecylnitrobenzene 

Dodecylphenol 

Ethanediylidenetetraphenol (Tetraphenolethane) 

o-Ethoxybenzoic acid 

(o-Ethoxybenzoyl)acetonitrile 

6-Ethoxy-2-mercaptobenzothlazole 

2-Ethoxyiiaphthalene 

2-Ethoxy-l-nitronaphthalene 

o-Ethoxyphenol (2-Hydroxyphenetole) 

3-Ethylamino-p-cresol 

3-Ethylamino-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

N-Ethylaniline, crude 

»N-Ethylanlline, refined 

2-(N-Ethylaiiilino)ethanol 

[ 2-(N-Ethylanilino) ethyl] trimethylammonium chloride 

(N-Ethylaiiilino)propionitrile 

a-(N-Ethylaiiilino)-m-toluenesulfonic acid 

»a_(N-Ethylanlllno)-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

N-Ethyl-p-anisidine 

N-Ethylanthranilic acid 

2-Ethylanthraquinone 

»Ethylbenzene 

9-Ethyloarbazole 

N-Ethylcyclohexen-l-ylamlne 

N-Ethyl-1-naphthylamine 

N-Ethyl-2-nitrobenzenesulfonanillde 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



AHC, DUP, KPC. 

DUP. 

AHC, EKT. 

BPC. 

UL. 

ACY, DOW, DUP. 

MAC, TRC. 

AHC. 

EK. 

LIL. 

LIL. 

LIL. 

DUP, RPC. 

EK. 

GAF. 

EK. 

NAC. 

ACY. 

KF, 

AHC J 

AHC. 

AHC, 

DOW, 

ACY. 

MON, 

ATR, 

X. 
X. 

MON. 

GAF, RH, UCP, X. 

SHC. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

DUP. 

DUP, NAC. 

DUP. 

MON. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

ACY. 

ACY, 

DUP, 

DUP. 

EKT. 

DUP. 

GAF, ICC, NAC, SDH, TRC, VPC, WRN. 

EKT. 

SDH. 

NAC. 

ACP, 

GAF. 

MI^. 

DSC, 

TRC. 



MEE. 
GAF, NAC, TRC. 



KPP. 

CO, MON, NAC, SOC. 



DUP, NAC, SDH, UCC. 
EKT. 



CSD, DOW, KPP, MTC, SHC, UCC. 
DUP, NAC. 



76 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



MaimCacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



9-Ethyl-3-nitrooarbazole 

p-Ethylphenol 

*N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylaini ne 

2-Ethyl-2-phenylmalonlo acid, diethyl ester 

l-(o-Ethylphenyl) -3-niethyl-2-pyrazolln-5-one 

5-Ethyl-2-picoline (2-Methyl-5-ethylpyridine) (MEP) 

2-Ethylpyridine 

N-Ethyl-5-sulfoanthraniUc acid 

6-Ethyl-l, 1,4, "i-tetramethyl -1,2,3, 4-tetrahydro- 
naphthalene . 

N-Ethyl-m-toluldine - 

N-Ethyl-o-toluidine - - 

2-(N-Ethyl-m-toluidlno)ethanol 

3-(N-Ethyl-in-toluidino)-l,2-propanediol 

3-(N-Ethyl-m-toluldino)propionltrile 

"-(N-Ethyl-m-toluidino) -m-toluenesulf onic acid 

1-Ethynylcyclohexanol 

l-Fluoro-2,'i-dlnitrobenzene 

o -Fluor otoluene 

Formanilide 

o-Formotoluidide 

^-Formyl-m-benzenedisulfonic acid 

m-Forraylbenzenesulfonio acid 

ifo-FormylbenzenesuLfonic acid (o-Sulfobenzaldehyde) 

Furan 

Furfuryl alcohol 

»Hexachlorobenzene 

Hexachlorocyclopentadlene 

Hexaohlorophenyl ether 

Hexamethylbenzene 

2, 2', 4, 4' ,6,6^-Hexanitrodiphenylamine 

Homophthallc acid 

*p-Hydrazlnobenzenesulfonic acid 

3-Hydrazino-5-nitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

4-Hydrazino-m-toluenesulfonic acid 

Hydroabietyl alcohol 

Hydroquinone, tech 

2'-Hydroxyacetophenone 

3 '-Hydroxyacetophenone 

3' -Hydroxyacetophenone benzoate 

1-Hydroxyanthraqulnone 

N-( 3-Hydroxy-2-anthraqulnonyl) -l-nitro-2-aiithraqulnone 
carboxamide. 

2-Ifydroxy-llH-benzo[a]carbazole-3-oarboxylic acid 

p-Hydroxybenzolc acid 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, benzyl ester 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, butyl ester 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, ethyl ester 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, methyl ester 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, propyl ester 

4-Hydroxycoujiiarin 

2-Hydroxy-2,5-dliiiethoxy-3-dlbenzofurancarboxanilide 

3-(N-2-Hydroxyethylanilino)propionitrile 

3-(N-2-Hydroxyethylanilino)propionltrile acetate 

N-P-Hydroxyethyl-o-toluldine 

a-Hydroxy-a-"-, a ^-mesitylenediol . 

2-Hydroxy-4-iiiethoxybenzophenone 



GAF. 

ACY. 

DUP, MAC, SDH. 

BPC, MAL. 

TRC. 

UCC. 

RIL. 

SDH. 

GIV. 



DUP, 

DUP. 

GAF. 

EKT. 

DUP, 

DUP. 

AIR. 

EK. 

EK. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

GAF, 

DUP. 



MAC. 



ICC, NAC, SDH, VPC. 



DUP, GAF, SDH, STG. 



DA, KPT, sec 

HK. 

DOW. 

EK. 

EK. 

DUP. 

ACY, 

WRN. 

GAF. 

HPC. 

CRS, 



SDH. 
SDH. 

KPC, TRC. 
GAF. 

GAF, PCW. 

HN. 

HN. 

HN. 

HN. 

HN. 

HN. 

ABB. 

SDH. 

DUP, ICC. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

ACY. 

ACY. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



77 



TABLE 7B. ■ 



■ Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



"i-I^roxy-A' -methylbenzophenone 

3-Hydroxy-2-methyloinohoiiinic acid 

2-Hydroxymethyl-A-isooctylpheuoxy-3,6,9,12-tetraoxo-l- 
tetradeoanol. 

N-Hydroxymethylphthal amide 

V-Hydroxy-l-naphthalenecarbamic acid, methyl ester 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthanllide 

1-Ifydroxy -2 -naphthoic acid 

2-Hydroxy-l-naphthoic acid 

»3 -Hydroxy -2 -naphthoic acid (B.O.N.) 

l-Hydroxy-2-naphthoio acid, phenyl ester ■ 

3-Hydroxy-3-naphtho-o-toluldide 

»N-(7-Hydroxy-l-naphthyl)aoetamide 

l-Hydroxy~4-nitroanthraquinone 

2-Hydroxy-A-N-octoxybenzophenone 

l-['i'-(p-Hydroxyphenylazo)-l,l' -hiphenyl-<V-azo] -2-naphthol- 

6,8-disulfonlc acid. 
1-[A' -(p-Hydroxyphenylazo) -3,3 '-dimethyl-l,l-biphenyl- 

<i-azo].-2-naphthol-6,8-dlsulfonic acid. 
2-Hydroxy-A-sulfo-l-naphthalenediazonium hydroxide, inner 
salt. 

l-Hydroxy-4-(p-toluidlno)anthraquinone 

N-(6-Hydroxy-m-tolyl)tenzamide 

2-Imidazolidinone 

«l^l'-Imluobis["+-aminoanthraquinone] 

l,l'-Iminobis['4-benzamldoanthraquinone] 

»l,l'-Lminobis[5-benzajiiidoanthraquinone] 

»6,6'-Iminobis[l-naphthol-3-sulfonio acid] 

»l,l'-Iml nobis [4 -nitre anthraquinone] 

»l,l'-Imlnodianthraquinone (Dianthrimide) 

1-Indanone 

1-Iodonaphthalene 

Isatin 

Isatoio anhydride 

Isocyanlc acid, 3,3'-dimethoxy-i,A' -biphenylene ester 

Isocyanic acid, 3,3'-dijiiethyl-4,'i'-biphenylene ester 

Isocyanlc acid, 4-(p-isocyanatophenoxy) -m-phenylene ester — 

Isocyanlc acid, methylenebis[m-methyl-p-phenylene ester] 

Isocyanic acid, methylenedi-p-phenylene ester 

»l30cyanlc acid, "i-methyl-m-phenylene ester 

Isocyanic acid, p-nitrophenyl ester 

Isocyanic acid, 1,4-phenylene ester 

Isocyanlc acid, polymethylene -polypheny lene ester 

Isonicotinic acid, methyl ester 

Isonltrosopropiophenone 

Isophorone 

Isophthalic acid (1,3-Benzenedicarboxylio acid) 

Isophthaloyl chloride 

K4,4'-Isopropylidenediphenol (Bisphenol A) 

4-Isopropyl-m-phenylenediaiiiine 

1,3-Isoqulnolluediol 

Isothiocyanlc acid, phenyl ester 

»Isovlolanthrone ( Isodlbenzanthrone) 

»Leuco-l,<i-diaminoanthraquinone 

»Leuco qulnizarin (1,4,9,10-Anthratetrol) 

•Leuco tetrahydroxyanthraqulnone 

2,'i-Lutidine - 

2,6-Uitidine- - 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DUP. 
USR. 

ACY. 

TRC. 

ATL, 

GAF, 

BL. 

AUG, 

EK. 

KPC. 

CMG, 

TRC. 

ACY. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

ACY. 

AHC. 

TRC. 

MRA, 

ACY, 

ACY, 

AHC, 

CMD, 

AHC, 

ACY, 

EK. 

EK. 

MAC. 

MEE. 

CWN, 

CWN. 

DUP. 

NAC. 

MOB, 

DUP, 

EK. 

CWN. 

CWN. 

RIL. 

FBS. 

UCC. 

ACC, 

HK. 

DOW, 

DUP. 

DUP. 

EK. 

AHC, 

ACY, 

ACY, 

GAF, 

ACP, 

RIL. 



PCW. 
NAC. 



DUP, HN, NAC, PCW, SW. 
GAF, TRC. 



AHC, CM5, DUP, GAF, MAY, NAC, TRC. 

MAY, NAC. 

DUP, GAF, MAY, TRC. 

DUP, GAF, IRC. 

DUP, MAY, TRC. 

AHC, CMG, DUP, GAF, MAY, NAC, TRC. 



3, NAC. 



SOC. 
MON, SHC. 



DUP, GAF, MAY, TRC. 

AHC, DUP, GAF, ICC, MAY, TRC. 

DUP, EKT, HSH, ICC, KPC, NAC, TRC. 

ICC, TRC. 

KPT. 



78 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Uanuf aoturera ' identification codes 
(according to 'list in tatle 23) 



Melamine 

o-Meroaptobenzoic acid — — — — 

Metanilamide 

Metanllanllide 

<<Metanilic acid (m-Aminobenzenesulfonie acid) 

1-Methoxyanthraquinone 

*4-Methoxyinetanilic acid 

A-Methoxy-S-nitrobenzanilide 

6-Methoxy-8-nltroquinoline 

Methoxyphenol — — — • 

m-Methoxyphenol 

p-Methoxyphenylacetic acid 

<i' -Methoxypropiophenone 

N-'--(6-Methoxy-3-pyridazinyl) sulfanilamide 

*1-Methylaiiiinoanthraqulnone 

l-lfethylaiiiino-^-(p-toluidlno)anthraquinone 

N-Methylanillne 

2-(N-Methylanllino)ethanol 

3-(N-Methylanlllno)propionltrila 

5-Methyl-o-anisidlne [NH2=i] 

2-Methylanthraquinone 

l-(3-Methyl-2-anthraquinonylamino)-5-(7-oxo-7H-benz[de]- 
anthraoen-3-ylaiiiino) anthraquinone . 

»3-Methylbenzo [f ]qxiinoline 

2-Metl^lbenzothiazole 

N-Methylbenzylamine 

Methyl benzyl ether 

Methyloyclohexane 

N-Methyloyclohexylaniine 

N-Methyleneanl line ■ 

A, A-' -Methylenebls[2-chloroaniline] 

»4,4'-Methylenebis[N,N-diethylaniline] (Methane base) 

<,i' -Methylenebis[N,N-diine thy lanl line] 
4,';'-Methylenebis[N,N-dimethyl-2-nltroaniline] 
5,5' -Methylenebis[ toluene-2,'l-diandne] 
Methylenedisalioylic acid- 

l-Methyl-2-heptadecylbenzimidazole 

Uethylnaphthalene , crude 

2-Methylnaphthalene 

N-Methyl-4-' -nltroacetanilide 

N-Methyl-p-nitroanillne 

<*-Methyl-2-nitroanisole 

»2-tfethyl-l-nitroanthraqulnone 

2-Methyl-5-norbomene-2,3-dicarbO}cylie anhydride 

iii-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyTazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonamide 

m-(3-Kfethyl-5-oxo-2-pyTazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonio acid 

*p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzeneEulfom.c acid 

<»-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyTazolin-l-yl) -m-toluenesulfonic acid 
[S03H=1] . 

»3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one (Developer Z) 

Methylpropylcarbinylbarbituric acid 

3-Methyl-2-pyTazolin-5-one 

l-Methylpyrrole 

•a-Kfethylstyrene 

2-Methylsuironyl-i-nitroanillne 

4-(Ktethylsulfonyl)-2-nltrophenol 

5-Methyl-p-toluenesuli' on-o-ani sidide 



ACY. 

MED. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

ATL, 

OAF. 

CMC, 

PCW. 

GAM. 

TBK. 

EK. 

TBK. 

UL. 

ACY. 

ACY, 

AHC, 

ACY, 

GAF. 

DUP. 

DUP, 

ACY, 

DUP. 



ACY, CMG, DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC. 
GAF, PCO. 



AHC, DUP, GAF, NAC. 

GAF. 

DUP. 



TRC. 
DUP, NAC. 



ACY, DUP, GAF. 

GAF. 

MI£. 

UCC. 

DOW, PLC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DSC, 

ACY, 

GAF. 

DUP, 

HN. 

TRC. 

KPT, 

RIL. 

GAF, 

GAF. 

DUP. 

AHC, DUP, GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC. 

NAC. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

ACY, CMG, DUP, GAF, TRC, VPC. 

TRC. 

ACY, DOW, DUP, NAC, SDW, TRC, VPC. 

LIL. 

DUP. 

ASL, x. 

ACP, DOW, HPC, SOC. 

EKT. 

TRC. 

GAF. 



DUP, GAF, SDH. 
DUP, GAF, NAC, SDH. 



VEL. 
NAC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



79 



TABLE 7B. ~ Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 2^60~Continued 



Chemical 



3-Uethyl-6-(p-toluldino) -7H-dit>enz [f ,1 j] isoquinollne- 
2,7(3H)-dione. 

3-Jfcthyl-l-p-tolyl-2-pyrazollii-5-one 

6' -Methyl -4 -p-tolylsulf onamldo-m-benzaulsldide 

•Naphthalene, solidifying at 79° C. or above (refined flake): 

♦From domestic crude naphthalene 

♦From imported crude naphthalene 

1,5-Naphthalenediol (1,5-Dihydroxynaphthalene) 

»lj5-Naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

2,7-Naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

l-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt-— 

2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid '■ 

2-NaphthaleneEulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2-Naphthalenesulfonyl chloride 

1,A,5,8-Naphthalenetetraoarboxylic acid 

l,<i,5,8-NaphthELLenetetracar'boxyllo dianhydride 

1,3,6-Naphthalenetrisulfouic acid 

Naphthalic anhydride 

Naphthalimide 

Naphthionic acid (A-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonlc acid) 

Naphthionlc acid, sodium salt 

1-Naphthoic acid 

1-Naphthol (a-Naphthpl) 

2-Naphthol, tech. (p-Naphthol) 

p-Naphtholbenzein 

l-Naphthol-6,8-disulfom.c acid, sulfone 

»2-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonio acid (R acid) 

•2-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonio acid, disodium salt 

»2-Naphthol-6,8-disulfonic acid (G acid) 

2-Naphthol-6,8-disulfonlc acid, dipotassium salt 

»2-Naphthol-6,8-disulfonic acid, disodium salt 

1-Naphthol -3-sulfonamide 

1-NaphthDl-i-EUlfonio acid (Nevile & Winther's acid) 

l-Naphthol-5-sulfonlc acid 

l-Naphthol-8-sulfonlc acid 

«2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid (Schaeffer's acid) 

2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2-Naphthol-6-sulfonlc acid, sodium salt, p-toluene 
sulfonate . 

2-Naphthol-7 -sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthol-8-sulfonlc acid sultone (1,8-Naphthosultone) 

1, A -Naphthoquinone 

Naphthostyril 

Naphtho[2,l-b]thlophen-l(2H)-one 

Naphth[l,2]oxadiazole-5-sulfonic acid 

1-Naphthylamine (« -Naphthylamine) 

2-Naphthylamine (P -Naphthylamine) 

l-{2-Naphthylamino) -2-anthraqulnonecarboxyllc acid 

p-2-Naphthylaminophenol (N-(p-Hydroxyphenyl) -2-naphthyl- 
amine) . 

»2-(Naphthylthio) acetic acid 

Nicotinic acid, n-butyl ester — •■ 

Nicotinouitrile (3-CyanopyTidlne) 

Nitro-aceanthra[2,l-a] aceanthrylene-5,13-dione 

3' -Nitroacetanlllde 

4'-Nitroacetanillde 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



AHC, GAF. 



ICC, 


VPC. 






GAF. 








ACY, 


DUP, 


KPT, 


RIL, SW. 


ACP, 


ACY, 


KPT, 


STN, SW. 


NAC, 


TRC. 






OAF, 


NAC, 


TRC. 




DUP, 


NAC. 






TRC. 








ACY, 


NAC. 






ACY. 








DUP, 


OAF. 






KPC, 


TRC. 






GAF. 








GAF. 








HAC. 








NAC. 








ACY, 


DUP. 






DUP, 


NAC. 






EK. 








DUP, 


NAC. 






ACY, 


NAC, 


SW. 




EK. 








TRC. 








ATL, 


NAC, 


TRC. 




ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC, WRN 


ATL, 


DUP, 


NAC, 


TRC. 


GAF. 








ACY, 


TRC. 






GAF. 








ATL, 


DUP, 


NAC. 




GAF, 


NAC, 


TRC. 




OAF, 


VPC. 






ACY, 


NAC, 


TRC. 




IMS, 


WRN. 






DUP. 








DUP, 


sw. 






GMG, 


TRC. 






NAC. 








DUP. 








NAC. 








CMG, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC, TRC 


DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC. 




KLS. 








TRC. 








GAF. 








ACY 


DUP. 


GAF 


KPC, VPC 


ABB 








NEP. 








AHC 








TRC 








EKT, 


GAF, 


TRC 





SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 7B. - 



-Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



4'-Nltro-o-acetanisidlde 

4' (and 5')-Nitro-o-acetanisidide 

2-Nitro-p-acetanisidide 

3'-Nltroacetophenone 

A -Nltroaoetophenone 

«m-Nltroanlline 

o-Nitroanillne 

p-Nitroaniline 

3-Nitro-p-anisio acid 

2-Nitro-p-aalsidlne [NH2=1] 

»4-Nitro-o-anlsidine LNH2=l] 

»5-Nitro-o-anlsidine [NH2=l] 

o-Nitroanisole 

p-Nitroanisole 

l-Nitroanthraquinone 

l' -Nltroanthraquinone-2 ' -carboxyaniinoaceanthra[ 2, 1-a] - 
aceanthrylene -5 , 13 -dione . 

»l-Nitro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylie acid 

»5-Nitro-l-anthraq\ilnonesulfonic acid 

5(and 8) -Nitro-l-anthraqulnonesulfonlo acid 

8-Nitro-l-anthraquinonesulfonle acid 

8-Nitro-l-anthraquinoneEulfonic acid, sodliun salt 

2-( l-Nitro-2-anthraquinonyl) anthra[2,3 Joxazole-SjlO-dione- 
m-Nitrobenzaldehyde 

6-(p-Nitroben2;amido) -l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid 

♦Nitrobenzene 

m-Nitrobenzene sulfonamide 

3' -Nitrobenzenesulf onanilide 

»m-Nltrobenzenesulfonic acid 

♦m-Nitrobenzenesulfonlc acidj sodium salt 

5'-Nitro-o-benzenesulfonotoluidlde 

p-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

5-Nltro-2(3H)-benzimidazolone 

m-Nitrobenzoic acid 

p-Nltrobenzoic acid 

p-Nitrobenzoio acid, Isobutyl ester 

m-Nitrobenzoyl chloride 

p-Nitrobenzoyl chloride 

4.' -Nitro-4-biphenylcarboxylic acid 

3-Nitro-4-chloro-N,N-dtmethylbenzenesulfonamide 

4-Nitro-o-cresol 

2-Nitro-p-cresol 

Nitrodiphenylamine ■ : 

4.-Nitro-6-[3-methyl-5-aoetainido-6-hydroxyphenylazo]phenol — 

1-Nitronaphthalene 

3-Nitro-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

"i-Nitro-ljS-naphthalenedisulfonlc acid 

8-Nitro-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

8(and 5) -Nitro-l(and 2) -naphthalenesulf onic acid 

7(and 8)-Nitronaphth[l,2]oxadlazole-5-sulfonio acid 

A' -Nitrooxanilic acid 

p-Nitrophenethyl acetate 

Nitrophenethyl alcohol 

p-Nitrophenetole 

o-Nitrophenol 

p-Nitrophenol 

p-Nitrophenol, sodium salt 

p-Nitrophenylaoetic acid 



DUP. 










OAF. 










DUP, SDH. 










ACy, MEE, SDH. 










NES. 










ACY, DUP, TRC. 










KPC, MON, SDH. 










KPC, MON. 










GAF. 










DUP, SDH. 










DUP, GAF, KPC, 


SDH. 








ACY, ALL, ATL, 


AUG, 


DUP, 


GAF, KLS, KPC, SDH 


DUP, MON. 










DUP. 










DUP, KPC. 










AHC. 










AHC, DUP, GAF, 


KPC, 


TRC. 






DUP, GAF, MAY, 


NAC, 


TRC. 






DUP, NAC. 










TRC. 










DUP. 










GAF. 










SDH, NAC. 










DUP. 










ACY, DUP, EKT, 


GAF, 


MON, 


NAC. 




TRC. 










TRC. 










ACY, AHC, DUP, 


GAF, 


MAY, 


NAC, TRC. 




MON. 










DUP. 










EK. 










DUP. 










AHC, HK, SDH. 










CWL, DUP. 










FBS. 










HK. 










DUP, HK. 










DUP, GAF. 










EKT. 










ABB. 










DUP, TRC. 










ACY. 










TRC. 










DUP, NAC. 










GAF, TRC. 










TRC. 










GAF. 










GAF. 










CMG, DUP, GAF, 


NAC, 


TRC. 






DUP. 










EKT. 










EKT. 










DUP. 










DUP, VPC. 










DUP, MON. 










MON. 










BPC, EK. 











CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



TABLE 7B. —Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



A -(p-Nitrophenyl)acetophenoue 

4-Nitro-o-phenylenediamine 

p-Nitrophenylhydrazine 

a-C-i-Nitrophenyl) -2H-naphtho [l,2]triazole-6,8-disulf onic 
acid. 

l-(m-Nitrophenyl) -5-oxo-2-pyTazoline-3-carboxylic acid 

4-Nitrophthalimide 

5-Nitrosalicylaldehyde 

3(and 5) -Nitrosalicyllc acid 

l-Nitroso-2-naphthol 

2-Nitroso-l-naphthol 

p-Nitrosophenol 

1-Nitrosopiperidine 

p-Nitrostyrene 

2-[4.-(4-Nitro-2-sulf ostyryl) -3-sulf ophenyl] -2H-naphtho- 
[ 1, 2] triazole -5-sulf onic acid . 

ni-Nitrotoluene 

o-Nitrotoluene 

p-Nitrotoluene 

Nitrotoluene mixtures 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonanilide 

»3-Nitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

»5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonic acid [SOjH^l] 

A' -Nitro-p-toluenesulfono-o-toluidide 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonyl chloride 

oi-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH2=l] 

»5-Nitro-o-toluidine [NHjil] 

»2-Nitro-p-toluidlne [NH2=l] 

»16-Nitroviolanth3X>ne 

4--Nitro-m-xylene 

2-Nltro-p-xylene 

Nitroxylenes , mixed 

2-tert-Nonyl-p-cresol 

Nonyl-dinonylphenol, mixtiire 

Nonyl- and dodecylbenzenes, mixed 

*Nonylphenol 

2-(p-Nonylphenoxy)ethanol 

Octylphenol 

Oxalacetic acid, diethyl ester, p-sulfophenylhydrazone 

»l-(7-Oxo-7H-benz[de]anthraoen-3-ylamino)anthraquinone 

*1, l' -( 7-0xo-7H-benz [de] anthracen-3,9-ylenediimino) - 
d i anthraqulnone . 

5-Oxo-l-phenyl-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid 

5-Oxo-l-phenyl-2-pyrazoline-3-oarboxylic acid, ethyl ester- 
5-Qxo-l-(p-sulfophenyl) -2-pyTazollne-3-carboxyllc acid 
( Pyrazolone T) . 

4,'l-Oxydianiline 

( Pentachlorophenylthio) acetic acid 

Pentadecyltoluene 

1,1,3,3,5-Pentainethylindan 

Pentylnaphthalenes { An^lnaphthalenes ) 

o-Pentylphenol (o-Amylphenol) 

3,'i,9,10-Perylenetetracarboxylic acid 

3,/t,9,10-Perylenetetracarboxyllc diimide 

Phenethylamlne 

Phenethylamine sulfate 

4-PhenethylreBorcinol 



DUP. 
DUP. 
EK. 
TRC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

EK. 

GAF. 

EK. 

EK. 

ACY, DUP, NAC, USH. 

EK. 

CWN. 

TRC. 



DUP. 
DUP, 
DUP, 
ACY, 
GAF. 

cm, 

ACY, 

GAF. 

GAF. 

ABB, 

DUP, 

ACY, 

ACY, 

DUP. 

DUP. 

ACY, 

USE. 

JCC. 

AIR. 

OAF, 

GAF. 

RH. 

IRC. 

ACY, 

ACY, 



NAC. 
NAC. 
DUP, NAC. 

GAF, TRC. 

DUP, GAF, KPC, NAC, SDH, TRC. 



DUP, GAF, SDH. 
KLS, KPC, SDH. 
DUP, NAC, SDH, SW. 
GAF, MAY. 



DUP, NAC. 



JCC, RH, UCC, UCP, UPM, USR. 



AHC, DUP, OAF, IRC. 

AHC, DUP, GAF, MAY, NAC, IRC. 



SDW, VPC. 
GAF. 
GAF, KPC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

CO. 

GIV. 

PAS. 

PAS. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

MLS. 

MIS. 

KPC. 



82 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I960 



TABLE IB. --Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufac turer , 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



o-Phenetidine 

p-Phenetidine 

•Phenol: 
•Natural: 

»From coal tar: ■"■ 

U.S.P- 

39° C, m.p 

»82%-&4% — 

All other 

*From petroleum 

•Synthetic: 

By caustic fusion: 

U.S.P - - 

All other 

From ohlorobenzene by liquid-phase hydrolysis: U.S.P- 
From chlorobenzene by vapor-phase hydrolysis: U.S.P-- 

•From cumene 

Phenolsulfonephthalein 

»l-Phenol-4-sulfonic acid 

l-(Phenothiazin-2-yl)-l-propanone 

Phenoxyacetic acid 

a -Phenoxypropionyl chloride — 

Phenylacetio acid (a -Toluio acid) 

Phenylacetic acid, ethyl ester, tech 

•Phenylacetic acid, potassium salt 

Phenylacetic acid, sodium salt 

•Phenylacetonitrile (a-Tolunitrile) 

4'-Phenylacetophenone 

2-Phenylanthr[2,3]oxazole-5,10-dione 

»p-Phenylazoaniline (p-Aminoazobenzene) and hydrochloride- 

p-Phenylazobenzoyl chloride 

4-Phenylazodiphenylamlne 

■i-Phenylazo-l-naphthylamine 

l-Phenyl-l,3-butanedione 

^-Phenyl -3-buten-2 -one 

2-Phenylbutyric acid 

2-Phenylcyclopropanecarboxylic acid, ethyl ester 

N-Phenyldibenzylamine 

N,N'-p-Phenyleuebis[acetamide] 

m-Phenylenediacetate 

•m-Phenylenediamine 

»o-Phenylenediamine 

»p-Phenylenediamine 

Phenyl ether (Diphenyl oxide) 

Phenylglycine, sodium salt 

5-Phenylhydantoin 

Phenylhydrazine 

Phenylhydrazine hydrochloride 

2,2'-(Phenylimino)diethanol (Phenyldlethanolamine) 

Phenyl mfllonic acid, diethyl ester 

o-Phenylphenol 

o-Phenylphenol, chlorinated 

o-Phenylphenol, sodium salt 

p-Phenylphenol 

N-Phenyl-p-phenyleaedTamine 

See footnote at end of table. 



MON. 
DUP, 



MP. 
KPT, 
ACP, 
ACP, 
MER, 



MAI, 

HKD. 

DOW. 

UCP. 

ACP, 

EK. 

DOW, 

WYT. 

DA, 

FBS, 

BPC, 

BPC, 

BPC 

BPC, 

BPC; 

DUP 
GAF, 
ACY 
EK. 
EK. 



PRD, RIL. 
KPT, PRD, RIL. 
ACY, KPT, PRD, RIL. 
PIT, PRD. 



S, RCI. 



HPC, SHC, SOC. 

MON, UPF. 

DOW. 
OPC. 

GIV, TBK. 
MAL. 
MON, OPC, TBK. 

KF, OPC, SDW, TBK. 
OAF. 

DUP, GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC. 



BPC. 










BPC. 










DUP. 










ACY. 










EK. 










ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF 


NAC, 


PDC 


FMT, 


KPC, 


MEE 


MRT, 


TRC 


ACY, 


BFG, 


NAC, 


SW. 




DOW. 










DUP, 


NAC. 








ABB. 










DOW. 










DUP, 


EK, 


FIN, 


GAF. 




EKT, 


GAF, 


KPC 


UCC. 




BPC. 










DOW, 


RCI. 








DOW. 










DOW. 










DOW. 










DUP, 


USR. 









CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



83 



- Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, i560 --Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



Phenylphosphonous acid 

Phenylphosphonous acid, sodium salt 

Phenyl-2-propanone 

Phenyl-2-pyrldyl ketone 

Phenyl sulfone 

Phenyl tetramer 

Phloroglucinol 

Phthalazinone 

Phthallo acid 

Phthalic acid, mono-m-butyl ester 

»Phthallc anhydride 

Phthalic anhydride residue 

Phthalide 

Phthalimide — 

Phthalimide, potassium salt 

Phthalocyanine , iron derivative 

Phthalocyaninedisulfonic acid, copper derivative- 

Phthalonitrile— — 

Phthaloyl chloride (Phthalyl chloride) 

»Picolines: -^ 

»2-Plcoline (a-Picoline) 

3-Picoline (P-Pioollne) 

-i-Picoline (Y-Picoline) 

Picoline (3,4-mixture) 

Picramic acid and salt 

Picric acid (Trinitrophenol) 

Pieryl chloride 

2-Pipecoline (a-Pipecoline) 

Piperazine mixture, crude 

»Piperidine 

Polychlorobiphenyl 

Polydodecylbenzene 

Polypentadecyltoluene 

Potassium phenoxide 

Primuline base 

Priraulinesulfonic acid 

Propiophenone 

"i-n-Propoxy-l-naphthol 

n-Propylbenzene 

Pyranthrone — -r 

Pyrene 

Pyridine, refined;^ 

•2° Pyridine 

Other grades 

2,5-Pyrldinedicarboxylic acid, di-n-propyl ester- 

Pyridine hydrochloride 

2-Pyridinol 

3-PyTldinol 

2( IH) -Pyridone 

Pyromellitic acid 

Pyromellitic dianhydride 

Pyrrolidine 

2-Pyrrolidinone 

»Quinaldine 



VIC. 

VIC. 

ORT, SK. 

RIL. 

DUP. 

SPD. 

MRT. 

KPC. 

KF, MEE. 

X. 

ACC, AGP, ACY, KPP, KPT, MON, NAC, PCC, RCI, SOC, SW, 

WTC. 
SOC, SW. 
NAC. 

DOW, DUP, MEE, NAC, SFA. 
EK. 
DUP. 
TRC. 
ACP. 
MON. 



ACP, 

RIL. 

RIL, 

ACP, 

DUP. 

DUP, 

EK. 

LIL. 

JCC. 

ABB, 

MON. 

CO. 

CO. 

DUP. 

DUP, 

PCO. 

UL, 

X. 

EK. 

AHC. 

GAF. 



ACP, KPT, RIL. 

GGY, KPT. 

ASL. 

EK. 

NEP. 

NEP. 

FMT. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

ASL. 

GAF. 

ACY, DUP, NAC. 



KPT, RIL, UCC. 



UCC. 
KPT. 



NAC, SDC. 



DUP, HK, MRK, RIL. 



NAC. 
OPC, TBK. 



See footnote at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



Qainalizarin 

2,'i(lH,3H)-Quinazollnedione 

*Quinizarin 

2-(Jalnlzarinsulfonic acid 

Quinollne : 

1 and 2 (Juinoline 

Other grades 

2,4-Quinolinediol 

Qiiinollne yellow, base 

Quinophthalone 

Resorclnol, tech 

Resorclnol, monoacetate 

P -Resorcylaldehyde 

P-Resorcylio acid 

Rhodauine 

Salicylaldehyde 

»Salioylanilide 

^Salicylic acid, tech -. 

Salicylic acid, ainmoniujn chromitim complex 

Salicylic acid, sodium salt (crude) 

Salicylideneaminoguanldine oleate 

Sodium phenoxide 

Styphnie acid, lead salt 

*StyTene, all grades 

<i'-SulfaiDOylacetanilide 

5-Sulf amoylanthranilic acid 

Sulfanilic acid (p-Aminobenzenesxilfonic acid) anH salt- 

A-Sulfoanthranilic acid 

o-Sulfobenzoic anhydride 

5-Sulfoisophthalio acid, dimethyl ester 

4,'i' -Sulf onyldiphenol (4-,4'-Dihydroxydiphenylsulfone) -• 

4- Sulfophthalic acid 

A-Sulfophthalic anhydride, potassium salt 

Terephthalic acid 

Terephthalic acid dihydrazide 

♦Terephthalic acid, dimethyl ester 

2-Terephthaloylbenzoio acid 

Terephthaloyl-bisacetic ester 

Terphenyl ( Phenylblphenyl) 

Tetraaminophthalocyanlne, copper derivative 

3 ,3 ,5 ,5 -Tetrabromophenolphthalein 

Tetrabromo-8,16-pyranthrenedione 

1,3,6,8-Tetrabromopyrene 

*l,'i,5,8-Tetrachloroanthraquinone 

l,2,'i,5-Tetrachlorobenzene 

Tetrachlorodiphenol 

Tetrachloronitrobenzene 

1,3,6,8-Tetrachloropyrene 

a,a,2,6-Tetrachlorotoluene 

3,12,16,17-Tetrachloroviolanthrone 

Tetrahydrofuran 

Tetrahydroisoquinoline 

Tetrahydro-2-methylfuran 

1,4,5,8-Tetrahydroxyanthraguinone 

»1,4,5,8-Tetrakls[l' ,1 ',1 ,1 -anthraquinonylamino] 
anthraqiiinone (pentanthramide) . 



NAC. 
LEM. 



FIN, MEE, MON, PCW. 
HN, MON, SDH. 



EK 

MEE. 

ACY, AHC, CMG, CWN, DUP, EKT, OAF, HSH, ICC, KPC, 

MAY, NAC, TRC. 
NAC, PAT. 

ACP, KPT. 

EK. 

DUP. 

GAF, 

DUP. 

KPC, 

KPC. 

GAF. 

ACY, 

EK. 

HN. 

DUP, 

DOW, 

TRC. 

DOW. 

DUP. 

DUP, 

REM. 

CSD, 

ACY. 

TRC. 

ACY, 

CMG, 

EK. 

DUP. 

GAF, 

CWN. 

DUP. 

ACC, 

DUP. 

ACC, 

PCW. 

PCW. 

ARA, 

DUP. 

EK. 

GAF, 

GAF. 

AHC, 

DOW, 

MON. 

SDH. 

TRC. 

DUP. 

AHC. 

DUP. 

TBK. 

QKO. 

ACY. 

AHC, 



DOW, FG, KPP, MTC, ODS, SHC, UCC. 



DUP, NAC. 
GAF. 



MON, TRC, UPF. 

DUP, SOC. 
DUP, HPC. 



DUP, GAF, NAC. 
HK. 



DUP, NAC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



85 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



p-( 1,1, 3, 3-Tetrainethylbutyl) phenol 

N,N,N',N'-Tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine 

Tetranltrophthalocyanine, copper derivative 

2,'i,8,10-Tetraoxaspiro-5,5-undecane 

2-(2-Thenylainino) pyridine 

Thianthrene 

Thlanthrene-X,Y-dicarboxylic acid 

Thianthrene-X,Y-dinltrile — 

»3,3'-Thiobis[7H-benz[de]anthracen-7-one] 

'i,4'-Thlodianiline 

6,6'-Thiodimetanillo acid 

3,3-Thiodipropionic acid 

2-Thiophenecarboxaldehyde 

»o-Tolidine 

m-Tolidlne dihydrochloride 

o-Tolidine hydrochloride 

»Toluene-2,4-diaiiilne ("i-m-Tolylenedlamlne) 

Toluene -2, 4-disulfonic acid 

o-Toluenesuironajnide 

o(and p) -Toluenesulf onaniide 

p-Toluene sulfonamide 

o(and p) -Toluenesulf onio acid 

p-Toluenesulfonlc acid, anhydrous 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, 2-chloroethyl ester 

p-Toluenesulfonlc acid, ethyl ester 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, methyl ester 

p-ToluenesulTonic acid monohydrate 

p-Toluenesulfono-o-toluidide 

o-Toluenesulfonyl chloride 

p-Toluenesulfonyl chloride 

a-Toluenethlol 

p-Toluhydroquinone (Methylhydroqulnone) 

m-Toluic acid 

o-Toluic acid 

p-Tolulc acid 

m-Toluidine 

o-Toluidine 

o-Toluidine hydrochloride 

p-Toluidine 

p-Toluldine hydrochloride 

Toluldines, mixed 

m-Toluidinomethanesulfonic acid 

o-Toluidinomethanesulfonic acid 

8-(p-Toluidino) -l-naphthalenesulTonic acid 

2-(p-Toluidino) -5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

p-Tolunitrile 

»o-(p-Toluoyl) benzoic acid 

^-(o-Tolylazo) -o-anisidine hydrochloride 

^-(o-Tolylazo) -o-toluidlne (o-Aminoazotoluene) - 

»2,2'-(m-Tolyllmino)diethanol - 

2,4,6-Tribromophenol 

3,4',5-Tribroraosalicylanilide 

l,2,3(and 1,2,4) -Trichlorobenzene 

1,2,4-Triohlorobenzene 

N,2,6-Trichloro-p-benzoquinone Imine 

l-(2,4,6-Triohlorophenyl)-3-(4-nitroanilino)-2- 

pyrazolln-5-one . 
Trichlorophenylsilane 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DUP. 

EK. 

ABB. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, GAF, TRC. 

ACY, DUP. 

MAC. 

ACY. 

ABB. 

OWN, DUP, MAC. 

CWN. 

DUP. 

ACY, BL, DUP, GAF, NAG, SDC, TRC. 

GAF. 

MDN. 

ACY, NES. 

MON. 

GAF, MON, NES, SW, UPF. 

TN. 

GAF. 

ACY, ATI, VPC. 

AHC, MON, VPC. 

UPF. 

DUP, GAF. 

MON. 

MON. 

EK. 

EKT. 

CWL. 

CWL. 

CWL. 

DUP, NAC. 

DUP, KPC, NAC. 

ACY. 

DUP, NAC. 

EK. 

ACY. 

TRC, VPC. 

DUP. 

NAC. 

TRC. 

EK. 

ACY, DUP, TRC. 

GAF. 

ACY, DUP, GAF, KPC, NAC, SDH. 

EKT, GAF, KPC. 

DOW. 

MEE. 

SVT. 

DOW, HK. 

EK. 

EK. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



a,a,a -Triohlorotoluene (Benzotrichloride) 

a,2,4-Trichlorotoluene 

a„2,<i(and a,2,6)-Trichlorotoluene 

a, Sj'i-Trlchlorotoluene 

l,3,5-Triohloro-s-trlazine-2,4,6(lH,3H,5H)-trione 

1,3,5-Triethylbenzene 

a,a,a -Trifluoro-i-nitro-m-cresol 

a,a,a.-Trifluoro-iii-nitrotoluene 

a,a,a'-Trifluorotoluene 

a,a,a -Trifluoro-m-toluidine 

a,a,a -Trifluoro-o-toluidine 

3,'t,5-Trlmethoxyl)enzolc acid 

2,'i,5-Triinethylanlline ( Pseudocumidine) 

1,2,4--Trimethylbenzene 

l,3,3-Trimethyl-A^j"-indolineacetaldehyde 

l,3,3-Trimethyl-2-inethyleneindoline 

Trimethylphenylammonluin iodide 

1,3,5-Trinltrobenzene 

2,'i,6-Trinltrobenzoic acid 

2jA,7-Trinitrofluoren-9-one 

Triphenylmethanol 

2,4,6-Tris[dimethylaminomethyl]phenol 

3,3'-Ureylenebis[4-methoxybenzenesulfonic acid] 

»6,6'-Ureylenebis [l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid] (J acid urea) 

Veratraldehyde (3,'4-Diiiiethoxybenzaldehyde) 

p-Vinylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

4--Vinylcyolohexene 

2,2'-VinylenebiE[benziniidazole] 

5-Vlnyl-2-picollne (MVP) 

2-Viuylpyridine 

4-Vinylpyridine 

»Violanthrone (Dibenzanthrone) 

9-Xanthenecarboxylic acid 

m-Xylene 

«o-Xylene 

I'p-Xi'lene 

Xylenesulfonic acid 

Zj-i-Xylenol - — 

Xylenol crystals 

Xy lends : 

Low b.p 

Medium b.p 

Not classified as to b.p 

Xylldines: 

2,4-Xylidine (m-4-XyUdiue) - 

2,5-Xylidlne (p-Xylidine) 

2,6-Xylldine 

Original mixtiire 

'♦-(2,<i-Xylylazo)-o-toluidine 

'+-(Xirlylazo)xylidine 

'4-(2,4-Xylylazo)-2,5-xylldine 

All other intermediates 



HK, HN, TNP. 

HN. 

BPC. 

HN. 

MON. 

DUP. 

MEE. 

MEE. 



MEE. 
MEE. 
EK, 
NAC. 
ENJ, 
DUP. 
DUP. 
EK. 



DUP. 

ACY, 

SLV. 

DUP. 

PLC. 

TRC. 

PLC. 

RIL. 

RIL. 

ACY, 

MAL. 

ENJ, 

ASH, 

CSD, 

NES. 

EK. 

ACP, 



KF. 
PLC. 



BL, CMC, DUP, GAF, NAC, PCO, TRC, VPC. 



AHC, DUP, GAF, KPC, MAY, PCO, TRC. 

PLC, SOC. 

CSD, DLH, ENJ, PLC, SIN, SNT, SOC. 

ENJ, SIN, SOC. 



PIT, PRD. 
PCC, PIT, PRD. 
PRD, RIL. 

DUP. 

DUP, GAF, NAC. 

EK. 

DUP, NAC. 

NAC. 

GAF. 

NAC. 

ICC, NAC, NEP. 



■"" Does not include manufacturers' identification codes for producers that report to the Division of Bituminous 
Coal, U.S. Bureau of Mines. These producers are listed in the U.S. Bureau of Mines Informption Circular Coke Plants 
in the United States on December 31, I960. 



DYES 
Dyes 



87 



TABLE 8B. ■ 



-Coal-tar dyes far which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1960 



[Dyes for which separate statistics are given In table 8A are marked below with an asterisk (»); dyes not so marked 
do not appear In table 8A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published. Manufac- 
turers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x signifies that the manufacturer did not 
consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Dye 



ACID DTES 

«Acid yellow dyes: 

Acid yellow 1 

Acid yellow 2 

»Acid yellow 3 

Acid yellow A 

Acid yellow 7 

»Acid yellow 11 

Acid yellow 14 

•Acid yellow 17 

»Aoid yellow 23 

Acid yellow 25 

Acid yellow 29 

Acid yellow 34- 

»Acid yellow 36 

Acid yellow 38 

»Acid yellow 40 

»Acid yellow 42 

»Acid yellow 44 

♦Acid yellow 54 

Acid yellow 60 

Acid yellow 63 

Acid yellow 65 

»Aoid yellow 73 

Acid yellow 76 

Acid yeUow 90- 

Acid yellow 95 

«Aoid yellow 99 

Acid yellow 113 ■ 

Acid yellow 114 

Acid yeUow 127 

Acid yellow 128 

Other acid yellow dyes 

»Acid orange dyes: 

«Acid orange 1 

Acid orange 2 

Acid orange 6 

»Acid orange 7 

•Acid orange 8 

»Acid orange 10 

Acid orange U 

Acid orange 12 

Acid orange 19 

Acid orange 20 

»Acid orange 24 

Acid orange 28 

Acid orange 31 

Acid orange 32 

Acid orange 34 

Acid orange 45 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



AUI, 
DUP. 
ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC. 








SDH. 














NAC. 














CMG, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


VPC. 








TRC. 














ACY, 


BKS, 


CMG, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC, 


PCU, 


ACY, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


NAC, 


SDH, 


TRC, 


VPC. 


OAF, 


VPC. 












GAF, 


TRC. 












NAC. 














DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC, 


TRC. 








NAC. 














DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC, 


VPC. 








ACY, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


TRC, 


VPC. 






OAF, 


KPC, 


NAC, 


TRC, 


VPC. 






ACY, 


BKS, 


CMG, 


GAF, 


NAC, 


TRC, 


VPC. 


NAC. 














KPC, 


NAC. 












TRC. 














NAC, 


NYC, 


SDH, 


SNA. 








TRC. 














NAC. 














CMG. 














CMG, 


GAF, 


NAC, 


TRC, 


VPC. 






TRC. 














TRC. 














TRC. 














TRC. 














ACY, 


ALT, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC, 


VPC. 




ALT, 


BKS, 


GAF, 


NAC. 








NAC, 


TRC. 












NAC. 














ACY, 


ATL, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


NAC, 


TRC, 


YAW. 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC, 


TRC. 






ACY, 


ATL, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC, 


TRC, 


YAW. 


SDH. 














NAC. 














GAF. 














NAC. 














ACY, 


DUP 


GAF 


KPC, 


NAC, 


TRC 


YAW. 


NAC 














KPC 














VPC 














ACY 














NAC, 


TRC 













SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 8B. — Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Dye 



Mamif aoturere ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



ACID DYES— Continued 

»Aold orange dyes — Continued 

Acid orange 49 

Acid orange 50 

Acid orange 51 

Acid orange 56 

»Acid orange 60 

Acid orange 62 

Acid orange 63 

Acid orange 64- 

Acid orange 69 

Acid orange 72 

»Acid orange 74 

Acid orange 76 

Acid orange 86 

Other acid orange dyes 

»Acld red dyes: 

»Acid red 1 

»Acld red 4 ^ 

Acid red 12 

»Acld red 14 

Acid red 17 

■»Acid red 18 

Acid red 25 

»Aoid red 26 

Acid red 27 

Acid red 32 

Acid red 33 

Acid red 34 ■ 

Acid red 35 

«Aold red 37 

Acid red 39 

Acid red 51 

Acid red 52 

Acid red 57 

Acid red 60 

Acid red 66 

■K-Acid red 73 

Acid red 76 

Acid red 80 

»Acid red 85 

«Acid red 87 

*Acid red 88 

*Acid red 89 

»Acid red 92 

Acid red 94 

Acid red 97 

*Acid red 99 

Acid red 104 

Acid red 106 

Acid red 109 

Acid red 113 

Acid red 114 

»Acid red 115— 

Acid red 119 

Acid red 133 



TRC 
KPC 

cm 

GAF 
CMG 
TRC 
GAF 
DUP 
ACY 
GAF 
CMG, 
TRC 
TRC 
ALT, 

ACY 
AIL, 
GAF 
ATL 
NAC 
ACY 
TRC 
ACY 
NAC 
GAF 
NAC 
DUP 
GAF 
DUP 
NAC 
NYC 
GAF 
TRC 
TRC 
KPC 
ACY 
NAC 
GAF 
ACY 
AMS 
ACY 
GAF 
NAC 
NYC 
GAF 
CMG 
KPC' 
YAW 
VPC 
DUP 
ATL 
GAF 
NAC 
GAF 



NAC, TRC. 
DUP, GAF. 



TRC. 
NAC. 



GAF, NAC, TRC, VPC. 



VPC. 

BKS, DUP, GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC, VPC, YAW. 

CMG, DUP, GAF, TRC, VPC, YAW. 

NAC. 

DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC. 

TRC. 

ATL, DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC. 

ATL, GAF, NAC. 

TRC. 

NAC. 

YAW. 

NAC. 

KPC. 

GAF, NAC, TRC. 



NAC. 

DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC. 



BL, CMG, DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

NAC, NYC, SDH. 

ATL, DUP, GAF, KPC, NAC, PCO, SDH, TRC, YAW. 

KPC, TRC. 

NYC, SDH, VPC. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

NAC, TRC, VPC. 



DUP. 
NAC, TRC. 



DYES 



89 



-Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



ACID DYES— Continued 

*Aoid red dyes — Continued 

Acid red 13A 

■»Acid red 137 

»Acid red 151 

»Acid red 167 

Acid red 175 - - — 

Acid red 178 

Acid red 179 

*Acid red 182 

»Aoid red 183 

»Aoid red 186 

Acid red 189 

Acid red 190 

Acid red 191— — 

Acid red 192 

Acid red X9^ — 

Acid red 197— 

Acid red 207 

Acid red 212 

Acid red 213 

Other acid red dyes 

»Aold violet dyes: 

*Acid violet 1 

«Acld violet 3 

Acid violet 6 

»Acld violet 7 - 

Acid violet 9 

Acid violet 11 

»Acld violet 12 

Acid violet 13 - 

Acid violet W- 

«Acld violet 17 

Acid violet 21 

Acid violet 29 

Acid violet 34- 

»Aoid violet 43— — 

»Acid violet 49— — — 

Acid violet 56— 

Acid violet 58— 

Acid violet 76— 

Acid violet 79 

Other acid violet dyes 

»Acld blue dyes: 

Acid blue 1 

»Acid blue 7 

»Acid blue 9 

Acid blue 10 

Acid blue 13 - 

Acid blue 15— — 

Acid blue 18— 

Acid blue 20 - 

»Acid blue 22 

Acid blue 23 

»Acid blue 25- 

Acid blue 26 - 

Acid blue 27 — 



TEC, 
ACY, 
ACY, 
BKS, 
DUP. 
DUP. 
CMC, 
ACY, 
CMC, 
ACY, 
ACY. 
ACY. 
TRC. 
TRC. 
TRC. 
DUP, 
NAC. 
TRC. 
TRC. 
ACY, 

CMC, 
ACY, 
NAC, 
CMC, 
GUY. 
GAF. 
DUP, 
DUP. 
TRC. 
DUP, 
DUP. 
HSH. 
AHC, 
AHC, 
ACY, 
GAF. 
GAF. 
NAC. 
NAC. 
ALT, 

GAF, 
ACY, 
ACY, 
KPC, 
DUP. 
DUP, 
GAF, 
ACY, 
ACY, 
NAC, 
CMC, 
NAC. 
GAF. 



VPC. 
DUP, 
KPC, 
GAF, 



TRC. 
CMC, 
TRC, 
BKS, 



GAF, NAC, TRC. 
TRC, YAW. 
NAC, TRC. 



DUP, GAF, NAC. 

VPC. 

CMG, DUP, GAF, TRC, VPC. 



ALT, GAF, VPC. 



GAF, 
DUP, 
TRC. 
DUP, 



GAF, 
GAF, 



NAC. 
DUP, 
NAC, 



NAC. 

GAF, 
GAF, 
NAC. 

GAF. 
NAC. 
NAC. 
GAF, 
TRC. 
DUP, 



NAC, TRC. 
NAC, TRC. 



GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC, VPC. 



HSH. 
SDH, TRC. 



NAC, SDH. 
NAC, SDH, VPC. 



NYC. 

GAF, NAC, TRC. 



608094 O -61 -7 



90 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 8B. • 



-Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



ACID DYES— Continued 

»Acid blue dyes — Continued 

Acid blue 29 

Acid blue 3A- 

Acid blue 35 

»Acid blue 40 

»Aoid blue 41 

«Acid blue 43 

*Acid blue 45 

Acid blue 47 

Acid blue 48 

»Acid blue 59 

Acid blue 62 - 

Acid blue 63 

Acid blue 67 

Acid blue 69 

Acid blue 74- 

*Acid blue 78 

Acid blue 79 

Acid blue 80— — 

Acid blue 81 - 

Acid blue 83 

Acid blue 89 

»Acid blue 90 

Acid blue 92 

Acid blue 93 

Acid blue 99 

Acid blue 102 

Acid blue 104— 

Acid blue 109 

Acid blue 110 

Acid blue 113 - 

Acid blue 118 — 

Acid blue 120— 

Acid blue 122 

Acid blue 137 

Acid blue 145 

Acid blue 154 

»Acid blue 158 and 158A 

Acid blue 159 

Acid blue 165— 

Other acid blue dyes 

»Acid green dyes : 

Acid green 1 

»Acid green 3 

Acid green 5 

*Aoid green 9 

*Acid green 12 

*Acid green 16 

»Acid green 20 

Acid green 22 

»Acid green 25 

Acid green 35 

Acid green 41 

»Acld green 50 

Other acid green dyes 



GAF, 
GAF, 
GAF, 
CMC, 
DUP. 

NAC, 
VPC. 

NAC. 
GAF. 
NAC. 
DUP, 



PDC, YAW. 

NAC. 

NAC. 

AHC, 

CMC, 

ACY, 

ACY, 

AHC, 

sue. 

GAF, 
GAF, 
NAC. 
CMC, 
DUP, 
DUP, 
AHC, 
DUP. 
TRC. 
AHC. 
GAF. 
NAC. 
GAF, 
NAC. 

sue. 

NAC. 
GAF, 
DUP, 
NAC. 
NYC. 
CMC, 
GAF, 
GAF, 
DUP. 
NAC. 
DUP. 
TRC. 
ACY, 
GAF. 
DUP. 
ALT, 



NAC, TRC. 

NAC. 

NAC, TRC. 

DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC. 



GAF, ICC. 



DUP, 
NAC. 
KPC, 



TRC. 
NAC. 



GAF. 
NAC. 



BKS, CMC, DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC, VPC. 



GAF, KPC, VPC. 



ACY, 
ACY, 
GAF. 
ACY, 
GAF, 
DUP, 
ATL, 
GAF, 
AHC, 
TRC. 
AHC. 
ACY, 
ALT, 



NAC. 
DUP, 

DUP, 
NAC, 
GAF, 
CMC, 
NAC. 
CMC, 



GAF, NAC, TRC. 

GAF, NAC, VPC. 

TRC. 

NAC, SDH, TRC. 

DUP, NAC, TRC. 

GAF, HSH, KPC, NAC, TRC, VPC. 



VPC. 
VPC. 



DYES 



TABLE 8B. --Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Dye 



ACID DYES— Continued 

»Acid brown dyes: 

Acid brown 1 

Acid brown 2 

Acid brown 6 

»Aoid brown lU 

Acid brown 19 

Acid brown 22 

Acid brown 28 

Acid brown 29 

Acid brown 31 

Acid brown 42 

Acid brown 45 

Acid brown 93 

Acid brown 94 

Acid brown 96 

Acid brown 97 

Acid brown 98 

Acid brown 129 

Acid brown 158 

Other acid brown dyes 

»Acid black dyes: 

»Acid black 1 

Acid black 2 

Acid black 12 

Acid black 15 

Acid black 16 

Acid black 18 

»Acid black 24 

Acid black 26, 26A, and 26B 

Acid black 41 

»Acid black 48 

Acid black 52 

Acid black 58 

Acid black 60 

Acid black 92 

Other acid black dyes 

AZOIC DYES AND CCMPONENTS 

Azoic yellow dyes: 

«Azoio yellow 1 

»Azoic yellow 2 

Azoic yellow 3 

Azoic yellow 10 

Azoic orange dyes: 

♦Azoic orange 3 

Azoic orange 4 

»Azoio red dyes: 

»Azoic red 1 

»Azoic red 2 

»Azoic red 6 

Azoic red 13 

Azoic red 14 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



GAF. 

KPC. 

GAF. 

ACY, DOT, GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC, YAW. 

TRC. 

DOT. 

TRC. 

DOT. 

GAF. 

NAC. 

TRC. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY, TRC. 

TRC. 

GAF. 

ACY, ALT, DOT, GAF, VPC. 

ACY, ATL, BKS, CMG, DOT, GAF, KPC, NAC, SDH, TRC, 

YAW. 
ACY, NAC. 
NAC. 
NAC. 
NAC. 
NAC. 

CMG, DOT, GAF, NAC. 
DUP, NAC, TRC. 
NAC, YAW. 

ACY, AHC, CMG, DOT, GAF, NAC, TRC. 
BKS, GAF, NAC, TRC, VPC. 
TRC. 
TRC. 
ACY. 
ALT, CMG, DOT, GAF, KPC, NAC, TEC. 



ATL, BUC, GAF, HST, VPC. 
ACY, BUC, GAF, HST, x. 
ATL, GAF. 
DUP. 

ATL, BUC, GAF, HST, SNA, VPC, x. 
GAF. 

ACY, ATL, AUG, BUC, DUP, GAF, HST, NAC, SNA, VPC, x. 

ATL, AUG, BUC, DOT, GAF. 

ACY, ATL, AUG, BUC, DOT, GAF, HST, SNA, VPC, x. 

GAF. 

GAF. 



92 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 8B. — Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



AZOIC DYES AND CCMPONENTS— Continued 
\zoic Composi (ions- -Continued 

■»Azoic red dyes — Continued 

Azoic red 15 

Azoic red 16 

Other azoic red dyes 

Azoic violet dyes: 

*Azoic violet 1 

Other azoic violet dyes 

*Azoio blue dyes: 

Azoic blue 2 

■»Azoic blue 3 

Azoic blue 4 

Azoic blue 5 

Azoic blue 6 

Azoic blue 7 

Other azoic blue dyes 

Azoic green dyes: 

Azoic green 1 

Other azoic green dyes 

Azoic brown dyes: 

Azoic brown 7 

»Azoio brown 9 

Azoic brown 10 

Other azoic brown dyes 

»Azoic black dyes: 

Azoic black 1 

Azoic black 2 

Azoic black 3 

»Azoic black A 

Other azoic black dyes 

Azoic Diazo Com-ponents, Bases 
(Fast Color Bases) 

Azoic diazo component 1, base 

Azoic diazo component 2, base 

Azoic diazo component 3, base 

»Azoic diazo component A, base 

»Azoic diazo component 5, base 

*Azoic diazo component 8, base 

*Azoic diazo component 9, base 

*Azoic diazo component 10, base 

»Azoio diazo component 12, base 

»Azoic diazo component 13, base 

*Azoic diazo component 20, base 

Azoic diazo component 27, base 

»Azoic diazo component 28, base 

*Azoic diazo component 32, base 

Azoic diazo component 3'i, base 

Azoic diazo component 38, base 

Azoic diazo component 41, base 

Azoic diazo component 44, base 

»Azoic diazo component 48, base 

Other azoic diazo components, bases 



ATL, 


GAF. 








ATL, 


AUG, 


GAF. 






ACY, 


ATL, 


BUC, 


GAF, 


VPC, X. 


AIL, 


GAF, 


HST, 


VPC, 


X. 


GAF. 










ATL, 


GAF, 


VPC. 






ACY, 


ATL, 


BUC, 


DUP, 


GAF, NAC, X 


GAF. 










GAF, 


HST. 








ATL, 


GAF. 








GAF. 










VPC. 










ATL, 


GAF. 








VPC. 










ATL. 










ATL, 


BUC, 


GAF, 


HST, 


VPC, X. 


GAF. 










ATL, 


GAF, 


VPC. 






GAF, 


HST. 








ATL, 


DUP. 








ATL. 










ATL, 


BUC, 


GAF. 






ALL, 


ATL, 


GAF, 


VPC. 





NAC, 
ATL, 
SDH, 
ALL, 
DUP, 
AUG, 
DUP, 
BUC, 
AUG, 
ALL, 
ALL, 
GAF. 
ALL, 
ATL, 
GAF, 
VPC. 
GAF. 
SDH. 
ALL, 
DUP. 



SDH. 
KPC. 
SNA. 
AUG, 
GAF, 
DUP, 
KPC, 
GAF, 
DUP, 
ATL, 
GAF, 



GAF, SDH. 

SDH. 

KPC, SDH. 

VPC. 

SNA. 

KPC, SDH, VPC. 

AUG, DUP, GAF, KPC, NAC, SDH. 

SDH. 



AUG, GAF, KPC, SDH. 

AUG, BUC, DUP, GAF, KPC, MAY, NAC, SDH, SNA. 

SDH. 



BUC, CWN, DUP, SNA. 



DYES 



93 



TABLE 8B. —Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Dye 



AZOIC DTES AND COMPONENTS— Continued 



Diazo Components, Salts 
(Fast Color Salts) 



»Azolo 

Azoic 

»Azoio 

Azoic 

*Azoic 

«Azoio 

»Azoio 

•Azoic 

Azoic 

»Azoio 

•Azoic 

•Azoic 

•Azoic 

•Azoic 

Azoic 

Azoic 

Azoic 

•Azoic 

Azoic 

Azoic 

Azoic 

•Azoic 

Azoic 

•Azoic 

•Azoic 

Other 



diazo 
diazo 
diazo 
diazo 
diazo 
diazo 
diazo 
diazo 
diazo 
diazo 
diazo 
diazo 
diazo 
diazo 
diazo 
diazo 
diazo 
diazo 
diazo 
diazo 
diazo 
diazo 
diazo 
diazo 
diazo 
azoic 



component 1, salt 
component 2, salt 
component 3, salt' 
coii5)Onent 4, salt 
component 5, salt' 
ccmponent 6, salt' 
component 8, salt' 
component 9, salt- 
component 10, salt- 
component 11 
conjsonent 12 
component 13 
component 20 
component 28 
component 32 
component 34 
component 35 
component 36 
component 37 
component 40 
component 41 
component 42 
cdn^iouent 44, 
component 48 
component 49 



salt- 
salt- 
salt- 
salt- 
salt- 
salt- 
salt- 
salt- 
Balt- 
salt- 
salt- 
salt- 
salt- 
salt- 
salt- 
salt- 



diazo ooinponents , salts- 



Azoic Coupling Compo 
(Naphthol AS and Derivi 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



Azoic coupling component 1 

•Azoic coupling component 2 

•Azoic coupling component 3 

•Azoic coupling component 4 

•Azoic coupling component 5 

•Azoic coupling component 7 

•Azoic coupling component 8 

Azoic coupling coinjonent 10 

•Azoic coupling component 11 

Azoic coupling component 12 

•Azoic coupling component 13 

•Azoic coupling component 14 

Azoic coupling component 15 

Azoic coupling component 16 

•Azoic coupling component 17 • 

•Azoic coupling component 18 

Azoic coupling component 19 

•Azoic coupling component 20 

•Azoic coupling component 21 

Azoic coupling component 23 

Azoic coupling conqjonent 24 

•Azoic coupling component 29 

Azoic coupling component 33 

•Azoic coupling component 34 

•Azoic coupling component 35 

Azoic coupling component 36 

Azoic coupling component 43 

Other azoic coupling components 

BASIC DYES 

Basic yellow dyes : 

Basic yellow 1 

•Basic yellow 2 

Basic yellow 5 

Basic yellow 10 



AUG, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


SDH. 








ALL, 


GAF. 












ALL, 


ATL, 


AUG, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


NAC, 


SDH, VPC 


ALL, 


DUP, 


KPC. 










AUG, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


NAC, 


SDH, 


VPC. 




GAF, 


KPC, 


SDH. 










ALL, 


AUG, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


NAC, 


SDH, 


VPC. 


ALL, 


AUG, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


NAC, 


SDH, 


VPC. 


GAF, 


SDH. 












ALL, 


ATL, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


VPC. 






AUG, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


SDH, 


VPC. 






ALL, 


ATL, 


AUG, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


NAC, 


SDH, VPC 


ALL, 


GAF, 


SDH. 










ALL, 


AUG, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


SDH, 


VPC. 




ALL, 


AUG, 


SDH. 










GAF. 














GAF. 














ALL, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


NAC. 








GAF. 














OAF. 














ALL, 


GAF, 


VPC. 










ALL, 


GAF, 


VPC. 










GAF. 














GAF, 


KPC, 


NAC, 


SDH. 








GAF, 


KPC, 


SDH. 










GAF. 















AUG. 
ATL, 
AUG, 
ATL, 
GAF, 
AUG, 
GAF, 
NAC, 
GAF, 
AUG, 
GAF, 
ATL, 
GAF, 
GAF, 
ALL, 
ACY, 
SDH. 
ATL, 
ATL, 
GAF. 
GAF, 
ATL, 
GAF. 
ATL, 
ALL, 
GAF. 
GAF. 
ATL, 



AUG, 
BUG, 
AUG, 
KPC, 
GAF, 
KPC, 
PCW. 
KPC, 
BUG, 
KPC, 
AUG, 
SDH. 
SDH. 
ATL, 
ATL, 



BUG, DUP, GAF, NAC, PCW. 

GAF, KPC, NAC, PCW. 

GAF, KPC, NAC, PCW. 
PCW, SDH. 

KPC, PCW, SDH. 
NAC, PCW. 

NAC, PCW. 

GAF, KPC, PCW. 

PCW, SDH. 

BUG, GAF, KPC, PCW, SDH. 



AUG, BUC, DUP, GAF, KPC, PCW, SDH. 
AUG, BUC, DUP, GAF, KPC, NAC, PCW, SDH. 



AUG, BUC, DUP, GAF, KPC, NAC, PCW, SDH. 
AUG, BUC, KPC, PCW. 



PCW. 

AUG, GAF, KPC, PCW. 



BUC, GAF, PCW, SDH. 
GAF, PCW. 



GAF, PCD. 



DUP. 

ACY, DUP, NAC. 

NAC. 

GAF. 



94 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 8B. — Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



BASIC DYES— Continued 

Basic yellow dyes — Continued 

Basic yellow 11 

Basic yellow 13 

Other basic yellow dyes 

■x-Basio orange dyes: 

»Basic orange 1 

»Basic orange 2 

Basic orange 10 

Basic orange 14 

Basic orange 15 

Basic orange 17 

Basic orange 21 

Other basic orange dyes 

«Basic red dyes: 

Basic red 1 

«Basic red 2 --' 

«Basic red 9 

Basic red 13 

Basic red 14 

Other basic red dyes 

Basic violet dyes: 

»Basic violet 1 

Basic violet 2 

»Basic violet 3 

»Basic violet 4 

Basic violet 5 

Basic violet 7 

»Basic violet 10 

Basic violet 13 

*Basic violet 14 

*Baslc blue dyes: 

»Basic blue 1 

Basic blue 4 

Basic blue 5 

Basic blue 6 

»Basic blue 7 

»Basic blue 9 

Basic blue 11 

Basic blue 21 

Basic blue 22 

»Baslo blue 26 

Other basic blue dyes 

Basic green dyes: 

»Basic green 1 

Basic green 3 

»Basic green 4 

Basic green 5 

»Basio brown dyes: 

*Basic brown 1 

Basic broivn 2 

»Baslc brown 4 

Other basic brown dyes 



DUP. 










DUP, 
DUP, 


GAF. 
GAF. 








ACY, 


GAF, 


NAC. 






ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC. 




VPC. 










GAF, 


VPC. 








NAC. 










NAC. 










DUP, 


GAF. 








DUP. 










DUP, 


GAF. 








DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC. 






ACY, 


NYC, 


sue. 


sw. 




GAF. 










DUP, 


GAF. 








DUP, 


GAF. 








ACY, 


DSC, 


GAF, 


NAC, 


sue 


ACY. 










DSC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC, 


SDH 


DSC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC. 




NAC. 










GAF. 










ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC. 




DSC. 










ACY, 


NAC, 


NYC. 






DSC, 


GAF, 


NAC, 


SDH. 




DUP. 










DSC, 


SDH. 








ACY, 


NAC. 








DSC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC, 


SDH 


ACY, 


GAF, 


NAC. 






DSC, 


DUP. 








DUP. 










DUP. 










DSC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC, 


SDH 


DUP. 










ACY, 


DSC, 


EUP, 


NAC, 


SDH 


DUP. 










ACY, 


DSC, 


NAC, 


SDH. 




ACY. 










ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC, 


TRC 


GAF, 


NAC. 








ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC, 


TRC 


DUP. 











DYES 



95 



TABLE 8B. --Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DIRECT DYES 

»Dlreot yellow dyes: 

»Direct yello\? A 

Direct yellow 5 

*Direct yellow 6 

Direct yellow 7 

Direct yellow 8 

Direct yellow 9 

»Dlrect yellow 11 

*Direct yellow 12 

Direct yellow 19 

Direct yellow 20 

Direct yellow 23 

Direct yellow 26 

Direct yellow 27 

»Direct yellow 28 

»Dlrect yellow 29 

Direct yellow 39 

Direct yellow 41 

»Direot yellow AA 

»Direct yellow 50 

*Direct yellow 59 

Direct yellow 62 

Direct yellow 63 

Direct yellow 64. 

Direct yellow 81 

Other direct yellow dyes 

^Direct orange dyes: 

»Direct orange 1 

Direct orange 6 

*Direct orange 8 

Direct orange 10 

Direct orange 11 

»Direct orange 15 

Direct orange 18 

^Direct orange 26 

*Dlrect orange 29 

»Direot orange 34 

^Direct orange 37 

Direct orange 38 

"Direct orange 39 

Direct orange 40 

Direct orange 42 

Direct orange 48 

Direct orange 55 

Direct orange 59 

Direct orange 61 

Direct orange 64 

Direct orange 67 

Direct orange 70 

»Direct orange 72 

"Direct orange 73 

Direct orange 74 

Direct orange 76 

Direct orange 78 

Direct orange 79 



ACY, 
ACY, 
ACY, 
PCO. 
GAF, 
DUP. 
ACY, 
BKS, 
TEC. 
TRC. 
DUP. 
ALT, 
GAF, 
DUP, 
DUP, 
TRC. 
ALT, 
ALT, 
ATL, 
DUP, 
NAC. 
DUP. 
TRC. 
BKS, 
ACY, 

BKS, 
KPC, 
DUP, 
KPC, 
GAF. 
ACY, 
DUP. 
ACY, 
ATL, 
ACY, 
ACY, 
NAC. 
BKS, 
DUP. 
TRC. 
DUP. 
DUP, 
DUP. 
TRC. 
VPC. 
NAC, 
TRC. 
ACY, 
DUP, 
DUP, 
DUP. 
DUP, 
DUP. 



DUP, 
NAC. 
DUP, 



DUP, 
DUP, 



DUP, 
NAC. 
GAF, 
GAF, 

TRC. 
BKS, 
BKS, 
NAC, 



TRC. 
ALT, 

CMG, 
NAC. 
GAF, 
NAC. 



GAF, NAC, TRC. 
GAF, NAC, TRC. 

TRC. 

GAF, NAC, PCO, TRC. 
GAF, NAC, TRC. 

GAF, NAC. 

NAC, PCO, TRC. 
PCO. 



CMG, DUP, GAF, NAC, PCO, TRC, VPC. 
BL, DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC, VPC. 
PCO. 



BKS, BL, DUP, GAF, PCO, VPC. 
KPC, NAC, TRC, VPC. 
NAC, TRC. 



DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC. 



DUP, 
BKS, 
ATL, 
CMG, 



GAF, TRC. 

GAF, NAC, PCO, TRC. 

CMG, DUP, GAF, NAC. 

DUP, GAF, TRC. 



CMG, DUP, GAF, TRC. 



BKS, 
GAF, 
GAF. 



BL, NAC, PCO, TRC, VPC. 
TRC, VPC. 



96 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 8B. — Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DIRECT DYES— Continued 

♦Direct orange dyes — Continued 

Direct orange 80 

♦Direct orange 81 

Direct orange 83 

Direct orange 88 

Direct orange 102 

Other direct orange dyes 

♦Direct red dyes: 

♦Direct red 1 

♦Direct red 2 

♦Direct red A 

Direct red 5 

Dirept red 7 

♦Direct red 10 

♦Direct red 13 

♦Direct red 16 

Direct red 17 

Direct red 20 

♦Direct red 23 

♦Direct red 2A 

♦Direct red 26 

♦Direct red 28 

Direct red 30 

♦Direct red 31 

Direct red 32 

♦Direct red 37 

♦Direct red 39 

Direct red 4-6 

Direct red 53 

Direct red 62 

Direct red 72 

Direct red 73 

♦Direct red 75 

Direct red 76 

♦Direct red 79 

♦Direct red 80 

♦Direct red 81 

♦Direct red 83 

♦Direct red 8A 

Direct red 94 

Direct red 100 

Direct red 111 

Direct red 117 

Direct red 120 

♦Direct red 122 

Direct red 123 

♦Direct red 127 and 127A 

Direct red 128 

Direct red 139 

Direct red 1-4-8 

♦Direct red XA9 

Direct red 152 

♦Direct red 153 

Direct red 155 

Other direct red dyes 



DUP, VPC. 

ATL, DUP, GAF, 

GAF, NAG. 

DUP, TRC. 

ACY, DUP. 

ALT, ATL, BKS, 

ATL, DUP, GAF, 

DUP, NAC, PCO, 

ALT, GAF, NAC, 

NAC. 

DUP, YAW. 

ACY, KPC, NAC, 

ATL, DUP, GAF, 

ATL, GAF, KPC, 

TRC. 

GAF, NAC. 

ACY, ATL, BKS, 

ACY, ATL, BKS, 

DUP, GAF, NAC, 

BKS, DUP, NAC, 

VPC. 

AIL, DUP, GAF, 

NAC. 

ACY, ALT, ATL, 

ACY, ATL, GAF, 

TRC. 

NAC. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

DUP. 

ACY, CMG, DUP, 

NAC. 

BKS, CMG, GAF, 

BKS, BL, CMG, 

ACY, ALT, BL, 

VPC, YAW. 

ALT, ATL, BKS, 

GAF, NAC, TRC. 

DUP, NAC. 

NAC, TRC. 
GAF. 
DUP. 
GAF. 

CMG, DUP, GAF, 

GAF, KPC. 

CMG, DUP, GAF, 
NAC. 

NAC, VPC. 
GAF. 

CMG, DUP, GAF, 

DUP, NAC. 

CMG, NAC, VPC. 
GAF. 

ALT, BL, DUP, 



NAC, VPC. 



BL, DUP, GAF, PCO, TRC, VPC. 

KPC, NAC, TRC, YAW. 

TRC. 

TRC, VPC. 



TRC. 

KPC, NAC, TRC, YAW. 

NAC, TRC. 



CMG, DUP, GAF, KPC, TRC, VPC. 
BL, GAF, KPC, NAC, PCO, TRC, VPC. 
PCO, TRC, VPC. 
PCO, TRC. 

NAC, TRC. 

GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC, YAW. 
NAC, TRC, YAW. 



GAF, NAC, VPC. 

KPC, NAC, PCO, TRC, VPC. 
DUP, GAF, KPC, NAC, PCO, TRC, VPC. 
CMG, DUP, GAF, KPC, NAC, PCO, SDH, TRC, 

CMG, DUP, GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC. 



NAC, TRC, VPC. 
KPC, NAC, TRC. 



KPC, NAC, TRC. 



GAF, TRC. 



DYES 



97 



TABLE 8B. —Coal-tar dyes fen- which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



DIRECT DYES-'Contimed 



•Direct violet dyes: 

•Direct violet 1 

Direct violet 7 

•Direct violet 9 

Direct violet 14 

•Direct violet 22 

Direct violet 29 

Direct violet 30 

Direct violet A7 

Direct violet 48 

Direct violet 49 

Direct violet 51 

Direct violet 60 

Direct violet 67 

Direct violet 68 

Other direct violet dyes- 
•Direct blue dyes: 

•Direct blue 1 

•Direct blue 2 

Direct blue 3 

•Direct blue 6 

•Direct blue 8 

Direct blue 10 

•Direct blue 14 

•Direct blue 15 

Direct blue 18 

Direct blue 21 

•Direct blue 22 

•Direct blue 24 

•Direct blue 25 

Direct blue 26 

Direct blue 27 

Direct blue 47 

Direct blue 55 

Direct blue 61 

Direct blue 66 

•Direct blue 67 

•Direct blue 71 

Direct blue 74 

Direct blue 75 

•Direct blue 76 

•Direct blue 78 

Direct blue 79- ■ 

•Direct blue 80 

Direct blue 84 

•Direct blue 86 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



•Direct blue 98 

Direct blue 99 

•Direct blue 100 

Direct blue 102 

Direct blue 104 

•Direct blue 120 and 120A- 

•Direct blue 126 

Direct blue 127 



DUP 
GAF, 
ATL 
NAC 
DUP 
KPC 
KPC 
DUP 
DUP 
NAC 
DUP 
NAC 
DUP 
DUP 
ALT 

ACY 
ACY 
NAC 
ACY 
ACY 
DUP 
ATL 
ATL 
GAF 
TRC 
ATL 
BKS 
DUP 
DUP 
DUP 
ACY 
NAC 
YAW 
DUP 
ATL, 
DUP 
DUP 
TRC 
ACY 
AIL 
TRC 
ACY 
DUP 
ACY 
V] 
ACY 
GAF 
ALT 
CMG 
DUP 
ATL 
DUP 
GAF 



KPC, 
NAC. 
DUP, 
TRC. 
NAC, 



NAC, TRC. 

GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC. 

TRC. 



GAF. 
NAC, 



ATL, 
AIL, 
TRC. 
ATL, 
DUP, 

DUP, 
DUP, 



DUP, 
OAF, 
GAF, 



DUP, 
GAF, 



ATL, 
CMG, 

ALT, 

ATL, 

ALT, 



BKS, 
GAF, 



BKS, BL, DUP, GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC. 

BL, DUP, GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC, VPC, YAW. 

BL, DUP, GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC, YAW. 
GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC, YAW. 

NAC, TRC. 

GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC. 



KPC, NAC, TRC. 
NAC, TRC, YAW. 
NAC, TRC, YAW. 



NAC, TRC, VPC. 
NAC, TRC, VPC. 



BKS, BL, DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC, VPC. 
EUP, GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

ATL, BKS, DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC. 

BL, CMG, DUP, GAF, ICC, KPC, NAC, IMS, TRC, 

ATL, BKS, BL, GAF, ICC, KPC, NAC, SID, TRC. 

NAC, TRC. 



DUP, GAF, PCO, TRC. 
NAC, TRC, VPC. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS. 1960 



TABLE 8B. --Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DIRECT DYES— Continued 

Direct blue dyes — Continued 

Direct blue 133 

Direct blue 136 

Direct blue 138 -- 

Direct blue 1A3 

»Direct blue 151 

Direct blue 169 

Direct blue 180 

Other direct blue dyes 

»Direct green dyes: 

^Direct green 1 

»Direct green 6 

♦Direct green 8 

Direct green 11 

Direct green 12 

Direct green I'i 

Direct green 15 

Direct green 26 

Direct green 27 

Direct green 28 

♦Direct green 38 

Direct green 39 

Direct green Al 

Direct green 45 

Direct green ^7 

Other direct green dyes 

♦Direct brown dyes : 

♦Direct brown 1 

Direct brown lA 

♦Direct brovm 2 

♦Direct brown 6 

Direct brown 21 

Direct brown 25 

Direct brown 27 

Direct brown 29 

Direct brown 30 

♦Direct brown 31 

Direct brown 32 

Direct brown 33 

Direct brown 35 

Direct brown 40 

Direct brown 44 

Direct brown 48 

Direct brown 59 

♦Direct brown 74 

♦Direct brown 95 

Direct brown 101 

Direct brown 105 

Direct brown 106 

♦Direct brown 111 

Direct brown 112 

Direct brown 125 

Direct brown 132 

♦Direct brown 154 

Other direct brown dyes 



OAF 
GAF 
GAF 
DUP 
ATL 
NAC 
BKS 
ACY 

ACY 
ACY 
ATL 
NAC 
DUP 
NAC 
DUP 
GAF 
ATL 
TRC 
DUP 
GAF 
DUP 
VPC 
DUP 
ACY. 

ACY 
TRC 
ACY 
ATL 
DUP 
DUP 
GAF 
NAC 
GAF 
DUP 
GAF 
DUP 
NAC 
DUP 
GAF 
KPC 
ACY 
DUP 
ALT 
GAF 
DUP 
GAF 
DUP 
NAC 
GAF 
NAC 
DUP 
ALT 



DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC. 



TRC. 



ALT, ATL, BL, DUP, GAF, TRC, VPC. 

ATL, BKS, DUP, GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC, YAW. 

AIL, BKS, DUP, GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC, YAW. 

NAC, TRC, YAW. 

NAC, TRC. 



NAC, TRC. 
NAC, TRC. 



GAF, TRC. 



GAF. 

ALT, ATL, BL, X. 



ATL, BKS, DUP, GAF, NAC. 



ATL, BKS, DUP, GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC, YAW. 
DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC. 



GAF, KPC, NAC, PCO, YAW. 
NAC. 



KPC. 
YAW. 



NAC, KPC. 

DUP, GAF, KPC, NAC, PCO, TRC, YAW. 



NAC. 

GAF, TRC, VPC. 



TRC, YAW. 

ATL, BL, DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC, VPC, YAW. 



DYES 



99 



TABLE 8B. --Coal-tar dyes fw which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, i960— Continued 



Dye 



DIRECT DYES- -Continued 

»Direct black dyes: 

Direct black 3 

»Direct black ^ 

Direct black 8 

•Direct black 9 

Direct black 17 

Direct black 19 

•Direct black 22 

Direct black 36 

•Direct black 37 

•Direct black 38 

Direct black 41 

Direct black ^ 

•Direct black 51 

Direct black 55 

Direct black 56 

Direct black 61 

Direct black 67 

Direct black 71 

Direct black 74 

Direct black 75 — - 

•Direct black 78 

•Direct black 80 

Other direct black dyes 

DISPERSE DYES 

•Disperse yellow dyes: 

Disperse yellow 1 

Disperse yellow 2 

•Disperse yellow 3 

Disperse yellow 5 

Disperse yellow 8 

Disperse yellow 17 

Disperse yellow 23 

Disperse yellow 28 

Disperse yellow 31 

Disperse yellow 32 

•Disperse yellow 33 

Disperse yellow 34 

Disperse yellow 37 

Other disperse yellow dyes 

•Disperse orange dyes: 

Disperse orange 2 

•Disperse orange 3 

•Disperse orange 5 

Disperse orange 6 

Disperse orange 15 

Disperse orange 16 

•Disperse orange 17 

Disperse orange 21 

Other disperse orange dyes 

•Disperse red dyes : 

•Disperse red 1 

Disperse red 4 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DUP. 
ATL, 
TRC. 
ATL, 
GAF, 
BKS, 
ATL, 
KPC. 
DUP, 
ACY, 
GAF. 
TRC. 
ATL, 
DUP. 
NAC, 
TRC. 
DUP, 
MAC. 
NAC. 
GAF. 
BKS, 
BKS, 
ACY, 



BKS, DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC, YAW. 

BKS, DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC. 

NAC, TRC. 

GAF, NAC, TRC. 

BKS, CMG, DUP, GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC, VPC, YAW. 

KPC, NAC. 

ATL, BKS, BL, DUP, GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC, YAW. 



DUP, GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC. 

TRC. 

NAC. 



DUP, NAC, IHC. 

BL, GAF, KPC, NAC, PCO, TRC, VPC, YAW. 

ALT, BL, DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC, YAW. 



KPC, NAC, STD, TRC. 



GAF, NAC. 

DUP, KPC. 

DUP, EKT, GAF, HSH, ICC, 

EKT, GAF, KPC. 

TRC. 

KPC. 

DUP, GAF. 

KPC. 

GAF. 

DUP. 

EKT, ICC, KPC. 

EKT. 

KPC, TRC. 

DUP, EKT, GAF, ICC, KPC. 

KPC. 

DUP, GAF, ICC, KPC, STD, 

EKT, GAF, KPC. 

KPC. 

KPC. 

KPC. 

EKT, HSH, ICC, STD. 

TRC. 

DUP, EKT, ICC, KPC. 



DUP, EKT, GAF, ICC, KPC, NAC, STD, TRC, YAW. 
GAF. 



100 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 8B. ■ 



-Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DISPERSE DYES- -Continued 

»Disperse red dyes — Continued 

^Disperse red 5 

Disperse red 7 

^Disperse red 9 

Disperse red 11 

^Disperse red 13 

Disperse red 1<V 

«Disperse red 15 

^Disperse red 17 

Disperse red 20 

Disperse red 21 

Disperse red 22 

Disperse red 27 

Disperse red 30 

Disperse red 31 

Disperse red 32 

Disperse red 35 

Other disperse red dyes 

♦Disperse violet dyes: 

^Disperse violet 1 

♦Disperse violet ^ 

Disperse violet 6 

Disperse violet 8 

Disperse violet 11 

Other disperse violet dyes 

♦Disperse blue dyes: 

♦Disperse blue 1 

♦Disperse blue 3 

♦Disperse blue 7 

Disperse blue 8 

Disperse blue 9 

Disperse blue 19 

Disperse blue 27 

Other disperse blue dyes 

Disperse brown dyes 

Disperse black dyes: 

Disperse black 1 

♦Disperse black 2 

Disperse black 6 

Disperse black 7 

♦Disperse black 9 

Other disperse black dyes 

FIBER-REACTIVE DYES 

Reactive yellow dyes: 

Reactive yellow 2 

Reactive yellow 3 

Other reactive yellow dyes 

Reactive orange dyes: 

Reactive orange 2 

Other reactive orange dyes 

Reactive red dyes: 

Reactive red <i 

Other reactive red dyes 



EKT, 


GAF, 


HSH, 


ICC, 


KPC, 


STD, 


TRC. 


ACY, 


DUP, 


NAC. 










DUP, 


GAF, 


KPC. 










DUP, 


ICC, 


KPC. 










KPC. 














GAF, 


HSH, 


ICC, 


KPC, 


NAC, 


TRC. 




GAF, 


HSH, 


ICC, 


KPC, 


STD, 


TRC. 




EKT, 


NAC. 












EKT, 


GAF. 












KPC. 














KPC. 














EKT, 


TRC. 












ICC. 














GAF. 














EKT. 














DUP, 


EKT, 


ICC, 


KPC. 








DUP, 


GAF, 


ICC, 


KPC, 


STD, 


TRC. 




DUP, 


GAF, 


ICC, 


KPC. 








KPC. 














GAF. 














EKT, 


NAC. 












DUP, 


EKT, 


GAF, 


ICC. 








GAF, 


KPC, 


TRC. 










EKT, 


GAF, 


HSH, 


ICC, 


KPC, 


NAC, 


STD, TRC 


GAF, 


ICC, 


KPC, 


TRC. 








DUP. 














GAF, 


ICC. 












KPC. 














EKT. 














DUP, 


EKT, 


GAF, 


ICC, 


KPC, 


NAC, 


VPC. 


DUP, 


EKT, 


ICC. 










DUP, 


TRC. 












DUP, 


KPC, 


TRC. 










DUP, 


KPC. 












GAF, 


KPC, 


YAW. 










DUP, 


EKT, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


NAC. 






ICC, 


YAW. 













TRC. 
TRC. 
AHC, HST. 

TRC. 
AHC, HST. 

TRC. 
AHC, HST. 



DYES 



101 



TABLE 8B.- 



-Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



FIBER-REACTIVE DYES— Continued 

Reactive violet dyes: 

Reactive violet 2 

Other reactive violet dyes 

Reactive blue dyes: 

Reactive blue 2 

Reactive blue 5 

Reactive blue 7 

Other reactive blue dyes 

Reactive brown dyes: Reactive brown 1 

Reactive black dyes: 

Reactive black 1 

Other reactive black dyes 

FLUORESCENT BRIGHTENING AGENTS 

Fluorescent brightening agent 1 

Fluorescent brightening agent 2 

Fluorescent brightening agent <i 

Fluorescent brightening agent 6 

Fluorescent brightening agent 7 

Fluorescent brightening agent 8 

Fluorescent brightening agent 9 

Fluorescent brightening agent 22 

Fluorescent brightening agent 2"> 

Fluorescent brightening agent 25 

Fluorescent brightening agent 28 

Fluorescent brightening agent 30 

Fluorescent brightening agent 33 

Fluorescent brightening agent 3A 

Fluorescent brightening agent A5 

Fluorescent brightening agent 46 

Fluorescent brightening agent "49 

Fluorescent brightening agent 52 

Fluorescent brightening agent 5<i 

Fluorescent brightening agent 56 

Fluorescent brightening agent 65 

Fluorescent brightening agent 66 

Fluorescent brightening agent 67 

*Fluorescent brightening agent 68 

Fluorescent brightening agent 71 

Other fluorescent brightening agents 

FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC DYES 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Colors 

»Blue No. 1 

Blue No. 2 

»Green No. 1 

Green No. 2 

Green No. 3 

Orange No. 1 

Red No. 1 

»Red No. 2 

»Red No. 3 



TRC. 
HST. 

TRC. 
TRC. 
TRC. 

AHC, HST. 
TRC. 

TRC. 
HST. 



GGY. 
FBC. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY, 
GGY. 
GGY. 
GAF. 
ACY, 
DUP, 
GAF. 
DUP. 
TRC. 
GGY. 
SAN. 
SAN. 
GGY. 
TRC. 
TRC. 
SDH. 
FBC, 
ACY, 
GAF. 
ACY, 



DUP. 
GAF. 



GAF. 
CCW, SDH. 



CCW, DUP, GAF, GGY, SAN, TRC, VPC. 



BAT, KON, NAC, SDH, WRN. 

BAT, KON, NAC. 

KON, . .4C, WRN. 

NAC, WRN. 

WRN. 

NAC. 

BAT, KON, NAC, SDH. 

BAT, KON, SDH, STG, WRN. 

BAT, KON, SDH, STG. 



,02 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 

TABLE 8B. — Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, i960— Continued 



Dye 



FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC DYES- -Continued 



Food, Drug 



Red No. 4— 
Red No. 6— 
Red No. 9— 
Red No. U- 
Violet No. 
Violet No. 
Yellow No. 
Yellow No. 

»Yellow No. 

»Yellow No. 



Black No. 1 
Blue No. 1- 
Blue No. 6- 
Blue No. 7- 
Green No. 1 
Green No. 5 
Green No. 8 
Orange No. 
Orange No. 
Orange No. 
Orange No. 
Orange No. 
Orange No. 
Orange No. 
Red No. 1— 
Red No. 2— 
Red No. 3— 
Red No. 5— 
Red No. 6— 
»Red No. 7— 
Red No. 8- 
»Red No. 9- 
Red No. 10- 
Red No. 11- 
Red No. 12- 
Red No. 13- 
*Red No. 19- 
»Red No. 21- 
Red No. 22. 
Red No. 27 
Red No. 28 
Red No. 30 
Red No. 31 
Red No. 3-4 
Red No. 35 
«Red No. 36 
Violet No. 
Yellow No. 
Yellow No. 
Yellow No. 



nd Cos 



Color 



-Cont 



BAT, KON, NAC, SDH, STG, TON. 
NAC. 
NAC. 
NAC. 

KON, NAC. 
NAC. 
NAC. 
NAC. 

BAT, KON, NAC, SDH, STG, WHN. 
^ _ _ _ . BAT, KON, NAC, SDH, STG, WRN. 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



Drug and Cosme 



Colo 



KON, 


NAC, 


YAW. 


KON, 


NAC. 




KON. 






KON. 






KON. 






HSH, 


KON. 




KON, 


SDH. 




KON. 






KON, 


SNA. 




KON, 


TMS. 




TMS. 






TMS. 






SNA. 






SNA. 






KON. 






KON, 


SNA. 




KON. 






KON. 






SNA. 






KON, 


SNA, 


TMS. 


KON, 


SNA. 




KON, 


SNA, 


TMS. 


KON, 


SNA. 




KON, 


SNA. 




SNA. 






KON, 


SNA, 


TMS. 


KON, 


SNA, 


TMS 


KON, 


SNA, 


TMS 


KON. 






SDH, 


SNA, 


TMS 


KON 






KON 






KON 


SNA. 




KON 


SNA, 


TMS 


SNA 






KON 


SNA, 


TMS 


KON 






KON 


TMS 




KON 






KON 


TMS 





DYES 



103 



TABLE 8B. 



--Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Dye 



FOOD, DRUG, AND C031ETIC DYES--Contimed 
Drug and Cosmetic Colors— Continued 

Yellow No. 10 

Yellow No. 11 

Drug, and Costxtic Colors, External 

Orange No. 3 

Red No. 2 

Red No. 8 

Red No. 13 - 

Violet No. 2— 

Yellow No. 1 

Yellow No. 5 

INGRAIN DYES 

Ingrain blue 2 

MORDANT DYES 

»Mordant yellow dyes: 

Mordant yellow 1 

Mordant yellow 3 

"Mordant yellow 5 

"Mordant yellow 8 

"Mordant yellow 10 

Mordant yellow lA 

Mordant yellow 16 

Mordant yellow 18 

Mordant yellow 20 

Mordant yellow 26 

Mordant yellow 29 

Mordant yellow 30 

Mordant yellow 36 

Other mordant yellow dyes 

"Mordant orange dyes: 

"Mordant orange 1 

Mordant orange 4 

"Mordant orange 6 

Mordant orange 8 

Mordant orange 30 

"Mordant red dyes: 

"Mordant red 3 

Mordant red 5 

Mordant red 6 

"Mordant red 7 

"Mordant red 9 

Mordant red 11 

Mordant red 36 

Mordant red 59 

Mordant red 6A 

Mordant violet dyes: 

Mordant violet 5 

Mordant violet 11 

Mordant violet 20 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



KON. 
KON. 



KON. 
IMS. 
KON. 
KON. 
KON. 
KON. 
KON. 



ACY, GAF, 


PDC, 


TRC. 




NAC. 








DUP, GAF, 


NAC, 


TRC. 




DUP, GAF, 


NAC. 






DUP, NAC, 


TRC. 






NAC, TRC. 








ACY, NAC. 








PDC. 








NAC, TRC. 








NAC, VPC. 








GAF. 








TRC. 








GAF, PDC. 








GAF. 








ACY, GAF, 


KPC, 


PDC, 


TRC. 


GAF, VPC. 








ACY, GAF, 


TRC. 






NAC, TRC. 








NAC. 








ACY, GAF, 


KPC, 


NAC. 




GAF, TRC. 








GAF. 








ACY, CMG, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC, PDC, TRC, VPC 


GAF, NAC, 


TRC. 






ACY, KPC, 


NAC. 






TRC. 








TRC. 








PDC. 








NAC. 








GAF. 








GAF. 









104 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 8B. --Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MORDANT DYES— Continued 

Mordant blue dyes: 

<*Mordant blue 1 

Mordant blue 3 

Mordant blue 7 

♦Mordant blue 9 

Mordant blue 13 

Mordant blue 32 

Mordant green dyes: 

Mordant green 9 

Mordant green 36 

Other mordant green dyes 

*Mordant brown dyes: 

»Mordant brown 1 

Mordant brown 12 

Mordant brown 13 

Mordant brown 18 

Mordant brown 19 

Mordant brown 21 

*Mordant brown 33 

*Mordant brown ■iO 

Mordant brown 42 

Mordant brown 50 

Mordant brown 60 

Mordant brown 63 

Mordant brown 70 

Mordant brown 78 

♦Mordant black dyes: 

♦Mordant black 1 

♦Mordant black 3 

♦Mordant black 5 

Mordant black 7 

Mordant black 8 

♦Mordant black 9 

♦Mordant black 11 

♦Mordant black 13 

Mordant black 16 

♦Mordant black 17 

Mordant black 19 

Mordant black 26 ■'' 

Mordant black 33 

♦Mordant black 38 

OXIDATION BASES 

Oxidation base 2 

Oxidation base 3 

Oxidation base 8 and 8A 

Oxidation base 22 

Oxidation base 25 

Other oxidation bases 

SOLVENT DYES 



♦Solvent yellow dyes : 

Solvent yellow 1 — 

♦Solvent yellow 2-- 



DUP, 
GAF, 
NAC, 
GAF, 
HSH, 
CMG. 

NAC. 
DUP, 
ACY. 

ACY, 
PDC. 
NAC. 
DUP, 
GAF, 
GAF. 
DUP, 
CMG, 
HSH. 
TRC. 
TRC. 
TRC. 
DUP. 
CMG. 

GAF, 
GAF, 
GAF, 
GAF. 
VPC. 
GAF, 
AIL, 
AHC, 
GAF, 
ACY, 
PDC. 
TRC. 
HSH. 
CMG, 



GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

NAC, TRC. 

NAC. 



PDC, TRC. 

CMG, DUP, KPC, NAC, TRC, YAW. 



NAC. 
TRC. 



NAC, TRC. 

DUP, GAF, NAC, PDC, TRC, VPC, YAW. 



NAC, TRC. 
NAC, TRC. 
NAC, TRC. 



NAC, VPC. 

CMG, GAF, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

GAF, HSH, KPC, NAC, TRC. 

NAC. 

CMG, DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC. 



DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC, VPC. 



ACY. 
AHC. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY, CMG. 



ACY, NAC. 

ACY, DUP, FH, GAF, KPC, PAT. 



DYES 



105 



TABLE 8B. —Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Dye 



SOLVENT DYES— Continued 

»Solvent yellow dyes — Continued 

^Solvent yellow 3 

Solvent yellow 5 

Solvent yellow 6 

Solvent yellow 13 

•Solvent yellow 14 

Solvent yellow 16 

Solvent yellow 19 

Solvent yellow 29 

Solvent yellow 33 

Solvent yellow 34 

Solvent yellow 40 

Solvent yellow 42 

Solvent yellow 43 

Solvent yellow 44 

Solvent yellow 45 

Solvent yellow 47 

Other solvent yellow dyes 

•Solvent orange dyes: 

Solvent orange 2 

•Solvent orange 3 

Solvent orange 5 

•Solvent orange 7 

Solvent orange 18 

Solvent orange 20 

Solvent orange 23 

Solvent orange 24 

Solvent orange 25 

Solvent orange 31 

Other solvent orange dyes 

•Solvent red dyes: 

Solvent red 1 

Solvent red 8 

Solvent red 22 

Solvent red 23 

•Solvent red 24 

•Solvent red 26 

Solvent red 27 

Solvent red 33 

Solvent red 34 

Solvent red 35 

Solvent red 40 

•Solvent red 49 

Solvent red 52 

Solvent red 60 

Solvent red 65 

Solvent red 68 

Solvent red 69 

Solvent red 80 

Other solvent red dyes 

•Solvent violet dyes: 

Solvent violet 8 

•Solvent violet 13 

Solvent violet 14 

Other solvent violet dyes 

•Solvent blue dyes: 

•Solvent blue 4 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DUP, FH, GAF, KPC, NAC, SDH. 

DYK. 

DYK. 

ACY, GAF, TRC. 

ACY, DUP, FH, GAF, KPC, NAC, PAI, SDH, TRC. 

PAT. 

GAF. 

GAF, NAC. 

ACY, NAC. 

DUP. 

NAC. 

NAC. 

GAF. 

GAF, NAC. 

DUP, NAC. 

DUP, GAF. 

ACY, DSC, DUP, FH. 

NAC. 

ACY, GAF, NAC. 

TRC. 

ACY, FH, GAF, NAC. 

NAC. 

ACY, GAF, NAC. 

NAC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

NAC. 

ACY, DSC, DUP, FH, PAT. 

FH. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

NAC. 

ACY, DUP, GAF, NAC, PAT, SDH. 

ACY, KPC, NAC. 

NAC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

ACY, DUP, GAF, NAC. 

AHC, GAF, KPC. 

NAC. 

NAC. 

NAC. 

DUP, NAC. 

ACY. 

ACY, DSC, DUP, FH, GAF, PAT, VPC. 

ACY, NAC. 

AHC, HSH, KPC, NAC. 

AHC. 

DSC, PAT. 

DEC, DUP, GAF, NYC, SDH. 



106 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 8B. ■ 



-Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Pye 



Manufacturers' identlficatioii codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



SOLVENT DYES— Continued 

♦Solvent blue dyes — Continued 

Solvent blue 5 

Solvent blue 7 

Solvent blue 9 

Solvent blue 11 

Solvent blue 12 

Solvent blue 16 

Solvent blue 2^ 

Solvent blue 30 

Solvent blue 31 

Solvent blue 32 

Solvent blue 3A- 

Solvent blue 36 

Solvent blue 37 

♦Solvent blue 38 

Solvent blue 43 

Solvent blue 78 

Other solvent blue dyes 

♦Solvent green dyes: 

♦Solvent green 1 

Solvent green 2 

♦Solvent green 3 

Solvent green 10 

Solvent green 11 

Other solvent green dyes 

Solvent brown dyes : 

Solvent brown 11 

Solvent brown 12 

Solvent brown 17 

Solvent brown 19 

Solvent brown 20 

Solvent brown 21 

Otlier solvent brown dyes 

Solvent black dyes: 

Solvent black 3 

Solvent black 5 

Solvent black 7 

Solvent black 12 

Solvent black 13 

Solvent black 17 

Solvent black 19 

Other solvent black dyes 

All other solvent dyes 

SULFUR DYES 

Sulfur yellow dyes : 

Sulfur yellow 2 

Solubilized sulfur yellow 2 

Sulfur yellow "1 

Sulfur red dyes : 

♦Sulfur red 1 

Sulfur red 5 

♦Sulfur red 6 

Sulfur red 8 



DSC. 
ACY, 
GAF. 
AHC, 
DUP, 
NAG. 
DSC. 
NAG. 
NAG. 
KPC. 
DUP. 
DUP, 
DUP. 
ACY, 
NAG. 
NAG. 
ACY, 



GAF. 
NAG. 



NAG. 

GMG, DUP, NAG. 

DSC, GAF, KPC, PAT. 



ACY, DSC, SDH. 

GAF. 

AGY, AHG, GAF, HSH, KPG, NAC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DSC. 

GAF. 
GAF. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
NAG. 
ACY, DSC, FH, GAF, PAT. 

NAC. 

ACY, NAC. 

ACY, NAC. 

NAC. 

NAC. 

DUP. 

GAF. 

AGY, DSC, FH. 

PAT. 



ACY, DUP, NAG. 

ACY, NAG. 

DUP, SDC. 

ACY, DUP, NAG. 

NAC. 

ACY, DUP, NAC. 

DUP. 



DYES 



107 



TABLE 8B. —Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



riye 



SULFUR EfYES--Contimed 

Sulfur blue dyes: 

Sulfur blue 5 - 

»Sulfur blue 7 

Solubilized sulfur blue 7 

Sulfur blue 9 

Sulfur blue 11 

Sulfur blue 13 

«Sulfur blue 15 

Other sulfur blue dyes 

Sulfur green dyes: 

Sulfur green 1 

•Sulfur green 2 

Solubilized sulfur green 2 

Sulfur green 3 

Sulfur green 11 

Sulfur green lA 

Other sulfur green dyes 

Sulfur brown dyes: 

Sulfur brovra 3 

Solubilized sulfur brown 3 

Sulfur brown 10 

Solubilized sulfur brown 10 

Sulfur brown 1-1 

Sulfur brown 20 

Sulfur brown 30 

Sulfur brown 33 

Sulfur brown 37 

Solubilized sulfur brown 37 

Sulfur brown 39 

Sulfur brown 40 

Sulfur brown A3 

Solubilized sulfur brown 43 

Sulfur brown 44 

Solubilized sulfur brown 44 

Sulfur brown 45 

Sulfur brown 50 

Other sulfur brown dyes 

Sulfur black dyes: 

•Sulfur black 1 

Solubilized sulfur black 1 

Sulfur black 2 

Solubilized sulfur black 2 

Sulfur black 6 

Solubilized sulfur black 6 

Sulfur black 10 

Solubilized sulfur black 10 

Sulfur black 11 

Solubilized sulfur black 11 

VAT DYES 

»Vat yellow dyes: 

Vat yellow 1, 12-l/2f, 

»Vat yellow 2, 8-X/2<fi- 

•Solubilized vat yellow 2, 25^ 

Vat yellow 3, 12-l/25t 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



ACY. 






ACY, 


DUP, 


NAC, SDC 


ACY, 


NAC, 


SDC. 


NAG. 






DUP, 


NAC. 




ACY, 


NAC. 




ACY, 


DUP, 


NAC. 


NAC. 






NAC. 






DUP, 


NAC, 


SDC. 


SDC. 






ACY, 


NAC. 




DUP. 






DUP. 






ACY. 






SDC. 






SDC. 






DUP, 


NAC, 


SDC. 


SDC. 






ACY. 






DUP. 






ACY. 






ACY. 






SDC. 






SDC. 






DUP. 






DUP. 






NAC. 






NAC. 






NAC. 






NAC. 






NAC. 






NAC. 






ACY. 






ACY, 


DUP, 


NAC, SDC. 


ACY, 


NAC, 


SDC. 


ACY, 


DUP, 


NAC. 


ACY, 


NAC. 




GAF. 






NAC. 






ACY, 


DUP. 




ACY, 


NAC. 




GAF, 


SDC. 




SDC. 







ACY, AHC, ATL, DUP, GAF, HST, KPC, NAC, TRC, VPC. 
AHC, GAF, NAC. 
DUP, GAF, KPC. 



108 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 8B. — Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



VAT DTES— Continued 

»Vat yellow dyes — Continued 

»Vat yellow A, l2-l/i$ 

»Solubilized vat yellow -i, 37-l/25t 

Vat yellow 10, IC^ 

Vat yellow 13, b-l/2jo — 

Vat yellow U, X2-X/7$ 

Vat yellow 15, 11-3/2^ — 

Vat yellow 16, 16-2/3^ 

Vat yellow 21, 9-1/2^ 

Vat yellow 22, lOjo 

Other vat yellow dyes 

Vat orange dyes: 

»Vat orange 1, 20^6 

*Solubilized vat orange 1, 2&f, 

»Vat orange 2, 12ji 

Vat orange 3, 13-1/2$ 

»Vat orange A, &f, 

»Vat orange 5, lOji 

»Solubilized vat orange 5, 30)t 

Vat orange 7, 11^ 

»Vat orange 9, 1^ 

Vat orange 11, 656 

»Vat orange 15, IC^ 

Other vat orange dyes 

«Vat red dyes: 

»Vat red 1^ 13$ 

Solubilized vat red 1, 375^ 

»Vat red 10, 18^ 

Solubilized vat red 10, 31$ 

Vat red 12, 8-l/2jt 

»Vat red 13, 11^ 

Vat red 1-4, IC^ 

Vat red 15, 10°t 

Vat red 16, 11^ 

Vat red 17, IC^ — 

Vat red 27, 7-l/25t 

Vat red 29, 18^ 

Vat red 32, 205t 

Vat red 35, 12-1/2$ 

Vat red -iO 

Vat red Al, 20^— 

Vat red AA, llio 

Other vat red dyes 

»Vat violet dyes: 

»Vat violet 1, 11^ 

Solubilized vat violet 1, 2ejb 

»Vat violet 2, 20^ 

»Vat violet 3, 15^ 

Solubilized vat violet 3, A3$ 

»Vat violet 9, 12^ 

Vat violet 12, 10$ 

*Vat violet 13, b-l/A-i, 

Vat violet lA, 12-1/2$ 

«Vat violet 17, 12-1/2$ 

Other vat violet dyes 



AHC, CMG, DUP, GAF, HST, KPC, NAC, TRC, VPC. 
GAF, HST. 



DUP, GAF, MAY, KAC, TRC, , VPC. 



CMG, 
GAF, 
AHC, 
AHC, 
CMG, 
DUP, 
GAF, 
TRC. 
AHC, 

AHC, 
GAF. 

DUP, 
GAF, 
NAC, 



GAF, HST, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

HST. 

CMG, DUP, GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC. 

DUP, GAF, KPC, MAY, TRC. 

DUP, GAF, NAC. 

HST, KPC. 

HST. 

CMG, DUP, GAF, KPC, NAC, TRC. 

DUP, GAF, KPC, MAY, NAC, TRC, VPC. 



HST, KPC. 

HST. 
TRC. 



GAF, MAY, NAC, TRC. 
TRC. 



NAC. 
NAC. 
NAC, TRC. 



GAF. 

AHC, DUP, GAF, MAY, NAC, TRC. 

GAF. 

DUP, GAF, HST, NAC, VPC. 

GAF, HST, NAC. 

DUP, GAF, MAY, TRC. 

AHC, DUP, GAF, NAC, TRC. 

NAC. 

GAF, NAC. 



DYES 



109 



TABLE 8B. — Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



VAT DYES—Contlnued 

Vat blue dyes: 

»Vat blue 1, 205t 

Solubllized vat blue 1, 25^6 

Vat blue 3, 16* 

»Vat blue A, lojfc 

»Vat blue 5, 16«fe 

Solubilized vat blue 5, 3^ 

«Vat blue 6, B-l/Jp 

"Solubilized vat blue 6, 17-1/^- - 

Vat blue 7, 12-l/2it 

Solubilized vat blue 9, 355i 

»Vat blue U, 6-X/yf, 

Vat blue 16, 165?, 

«Vat blue 18, 13$ — 

*Vat blue 20, Uji — 

Vat blue 35, 20«6 

Vat blue 39, 12«fc 

Vat blue «, U% 

Other vat blue dyes 

Vat green dyes: 

*Vat green 1, (4> 

♦Solubilized vat green 1, 12-1/2* 

»Vat green 3, 10* 

"Solubilized vat green 3, 26* 

»Vat green 8, 8-1/2* 

»Vat green 9, 12-1/2* ■ 

Vat green 18, 8* 

Vat green 19, 13^ 

Vat green 20, 6* 

»Vat brown dyes : 

«Vat brown 1, 11* 

Solubilized vat brown 1, 17* 

*Vat brown 3, 11* 

Solubilized vat brown 3, 17* 

»Vat brown 5, 13* 

Solubilized vat brown 5, 17% 

Vat brown 11, 12* 

Vat brown 12, 12-l/2,o 

Vat brown 13, 17* 

Vat brown 14, 12* 

Vat brown 20, 10-1/2* 

Vat brown 25, 11-1/2* 

Vat brown 29, 13* 

Vat brown 31, 28* — 

Vat brown 38, 20* 

Vat brown 40, 14* 

Other vat brown dyes 

»Vat black dyes: 

"Solubilized vat black 1, 27-1/2* 

Vat black 9, 16* - — 

Vat black 11, 17-1/2* - — 

Vat black 13, 14* 

Vat black 14, 11-1/2* 

Vat black 17, 16*— - 

Vat black 18, 15-1/2* 



DOW 


DUP 


NAC 














GAF 


















HST 


















ACY, 


DUP 


GAF. 














ATL, 


DUP 


HST, 


NAC, 


VPC 










AHC, 


GAF 


HST. 














ACY, 


AHC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


KPC 


NAC, 


TRC, 


VPC. 




AHC, 


GAF, 


HST. 














NAC. 


















GAF. 


















DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC, 


TRC. 












ACY, 


DUP, 


NAC. 














ACY, 


AHC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


MAY, 


TRC. 






ACY, 


AHC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


MAY, 


NAC, 


PCO, 


TRC 


DUP. 


















GAF. 


















DUP, 


SDC. 
















DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC. 














ACY, 


AHC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


MAY, 


NAC, 


TRC. 




AHC, 


GAF, 


HST. 














ACY, 


AHC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


MAY, 


NAC, 


TRC. 




AHC, 


GAF, 


HST. 














AHC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


NAC. 












ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


MAY, 


NAC, 


PCO, 


SDC, 


TRC 


DUP. 


















DUP. 


















DUP. 


















ACY, 


AHC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


MAY, 


NAC, 


TRC, 


VPC 


AHC, 


GAF. 
















ACY, 


AHC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


MAY, 


NAC, 


TRC, 


VPC 


AHC. 


















ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


HST, 


KPC, 


NAC, 


VPC. 






GAF. 


















MAY. 


















DUP, 


NAC. 
















MAY. 


















HST. 


















CMG, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


KPC, 


NAC. 










GAF. 


















ACY. 


















KPC. 


















AHC. 


















DUP. 


















DUP, 


KPC, 


MAY, 


NAC, 


SDC, 


TRC, 


VPC. 






AHC, 


GAF, 


HST. 














GAF, 


NAC, 


TRC. 














ACY. 


















DUP, 


NAC. 
















DUP. 


















ACY. 


















GAF, 


NAC. 

















110 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 8B. — Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer , i960--Continued 



Dye 


Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 


VAT DTES— Continued 

»Vat black dyes--Contlnued 

Vat black 21, l8-l/2^ - 

Vat black 22, 1% 

*Vat black 25, 12-1/2^ 

Vat black 26, 2^i> 

»Vat black 27, 12-l/25t— - 

Vat black 29, 12-1/2^ - 


ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY, AHC, CMG, DUP, GAF, KPC, MAY, NAG, TRC. 

MAC. 

ACY, AHG, CMG, DUP, GAF, KPC, MAY, NAC, TRC. 

TRC. 

ACY, AHC, GAF, NAC, SDC, TRC, VPC. 

DUP, WLM. 







TONERS AND LAKES 
Toners and Lakes 



TABLE IIB. 



-Toners and lakes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 



[Toners and lakes for which separate statistics are given in table llA are marked below with an asterisk (»); prod- 
ucts not so marked do not appear in table llA because the reported data are accepted In confidence and may not be 
published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x signifies that the manu- 
facturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS 

Black toners: 

Pigment Black 1, C.I. 50 A^O— 

All other 

♦Blue toners : 

♦Pigment Blue 1, C.I. 42 595, PMA 

"Pigment Blue 1, C.I. 42 595, PTA — 

Pigment Blue 2, C.I. 44 045, PMA- - 

Pigment Blue 3, C.I. 42 140, PTA 

Pigment Blue 6 

Pigment Blue 9, C.I. 42 025, PMA 

♦Pigment Blue 9, C.I. 42 025, PTA 

Pigment Blue 10, C.I. 44 040, H4A-— 

♦Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, alpha modification 

♦Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, beta modification 

Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, crude 

♦Pigment Blue 19, C.I. 42 750A 

Pigment Blue 21, C.I. 69 835 

Pigment Blue 22, C.I. 69 810 

♦Pigment Blue 25, C.I. 21 180 

(Vat Blue 21), C.I. 67 920 ■ 

All other 

♦Brown toners: 

Pigment Brown 1, C.I. 12 480 

Pigment Brown 2, C.I. 12 071 

Pigment Brown 3, C.I. 21 010, mk — 

Pigment Brown 5, C.I. 15 800 

All other 

Green toners: 

♦Pigment Green 1, C.I. 42 040, PMA 

♦Pigment Green 1, C.I. 42 040, PTA ■ 

♦Pigment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and C.I. 49 005, PMA • 

♦Pigment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and C.I. 49 005, PTA ■ 

♦Pigment Green 4, C.I. 42 000, PMA 

♦Pigment Green 4, C.I. 42 000, PTA 

♦Pigment Green 7, C.I. 74 260 

♦Pigment Green 8, C.I. 10 006 

Pigment Green 10, C.I. 12 775 

All other 

♦Orange toners: 

Pigment Orange 1, C.I. 11 725 

♦Pigment Orange 2, C.I. 12 060 

♦Pigment Orange 5, C.I. 12 075 

Pigment Orange 9 

♦Pigment Orange 13, C.I. 21 110 

Pigment Orange 15, C.I. 21 130 

♦Pigment Orange 16, C.I. 21 160 

(Vat Orange 3), C.I. 59 300 

All other 

See note at end of table for definition of abbreviations 



SNA. 
UHL. 



ADC, BLN, CC, DUP, EAK, HCC, IMP, LVY, MGH, MRX, 

NYC, SDH, SNA, UHL. 
AMS, BLN, CC, HAR, IMP, KON, MGR, SNA, SW, UHL. 
CIK, SW. 
CC, MRX. 
HAR. 

BLN, IBR, MRX. 
IMP, MGR, MRX. 
SDH. 
ACY, AHC, DUP, GAP, HAR, ICC, IMP, PCC, SDH, SNA, 

sue, SW, TMS, TRC. 
ACY, ADC, DUP, GAP, KON, LVY, SDH, SNA, SW, TMS. 
ICC, PCC, SNA. 
ACY, ERD, NYC, SUC, SW. 
HAR. 

DUP, TRC. 

DUP, GAP, HAR, ICC, SW. 
HAR. 
LVR, SDH, X. 



AHC. 














SDH. 














BLN, 


KCW. 












HAR, 


SNA. 












HSH, 


SDH, 


SW. 










BLN, 


CC, 


IMP, MGR, 


UHL. 








IMP, 


MRX, 


SAN, SDH, 


UHL. 








ADC, 


BLN, 


CC, CIK, 


IMP, 


LVY, 


MGR, 


SAN, SDH, SNA, UHL 


ACY, 


ADC, 


AMS, BLN, 


IMP, 


KON 


MGR, 


SAN, SDH, SNA. 


ADC, 


BLN, 


CC, MGR. 










ACY, 


ADC, 


AMS, IMP, 


MGR, 


SNA. 






ACY, 


DUP, 


GAP, HAR, 


PCC, 


SDH, 


SNA, 


SW, TMS. 


DUP, 


EAK, 


GAP, HSH, 


IMP, 


KCW, 


SNA 


SW. 


DUP. 














CC, 


MGR, 


SW. 











HAR, SNA. 

CC, FCL, IMP, SDH, SUC, SW. 

ACY, EAK, HSH, IMP, SNA, SUC, SW. 

DUP. 

ACY, AMS, CC, GAP, HAR, ICC, IMP, KON, SNA, SW. 

HAR. 

CC, DUP, GAP, HAR, ICC, IMP, SAN, SDH, SW. 

HAR. 

ICC, KON, SDH, SW, TRC, X. 



112 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS. 1960 



TABLE IIB. 



-Toners and lakes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS— Continued 

»Red toners: 
«Naphthol reds: 

^Pigment Red 2, C.I. 12 310 

^Pigment Red 5, C.I. 12 490- 

Pigment Red 7, C.I. 12 420 

Pigment Red 9, C.I. 12 460 

Pigment Red 13, C.I. 12 395 - 

Pigment Red U, C.I. 12 380 - — 

Pigment Red 15, C.I. 12 465 

^Pigment Red 17, C.I. 12 390 

^Pigment Red 18, C.I. 12 350 

Pigment Red 19, C.I. 12 400 

^Pigment Red 22, C.I. 12 315 

»Pigment Red 23, C.I. 12 355 — 

Pigment Red 31, C.I. 12 360 

Pigment Red 36 

All other naphthol reds 

^Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, dark 

»Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, light 

*Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120 

^Pigment Red 4, C.I. 12 085 

^Pigment Red 6, C.I. 12 090 

^Pigment Red 38, C.I. 21 120 

Pigment Red 40, C.I. 12 170— 

Pigment Red 41, C.I. 21 200 

♦Pigment Red 48, C.I. 15 865 

♦Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630: 

♦Barium toner 

♦Calcium toner 

Sodium salt 

All other Pigment Red 49 toners 

Pigment Red 51, C.I. 15 580 

♦Pigment Red 52, C.I. 15 860 

Pigment Red 53, C.I. 15 585: 
♦Barium toner 

Sodium salt 

Pigment Red 54, C.I. 14 830: 

Calcium toner 

Sodium salt 

Pigment Red 55, C.I. 15 820 - 

♦Pigment Red 57, C.I. 15 850, calcium toner 

Pigment Red 58, C.I. 15 825 

♦Pigment Red 63, C.I. 15 880 

Pigment Red 64, C.I. 15 800 

♦Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, FMA 

See note at end of table for definition of abbreviations 



EAK, HAR, HCC, IMP, KCW, KON, SAN, SDH, SNA, SW. 

AHC, GAF, HAR, HST, ICC, IMP, RCM, SAN, SNA, SW. 

AHC, ICC. 

IMP. 

HAR, IMP. 

DUP, HAR. 

DUP. 

ACY, BLN, FCL, ICC, IMP, KON, SAN, SNA, SW. 

HAR, IMP, SW. 

HAR. 

ACY, DUP, FCL, HAR, IMP, SNA, SW. 

ACY, DUP, FCL, HAR, ICC, IMP, SAN, SNA, SW. 

SNA. 

GAF. 

DUP, ICC, KCW, SDH, SW. 

ACY, AMS, APC, EAK, FCL, HAR, HCC, HSH, IMP, KON, 

LVY, PPG, SDH, SNA, SUC, SW, WDC. 
ACY, CIK, EAK, FCL, HCC, HSH, IMP, KON, PPG, SDH, 

SNA, SUC, SW, WDC. 
ACY, APC, CIK, DUP, EAK, FCL, HAR, HCC, HSH, IMP, 

KCW, KON, MRX, PPG, SAN, SDH, SNA, SUC, SW, WDC. 
ACY, AMS, FCL, HCC, HSH, IMP, KON, SAN, SNA, SUC, 

SW, WDC. 
DUP, GAF, HCC, SDH, SW. 
GAF, HAR, HSH, ICC, SNA, SW. 
IMP. 

DUP, GAF, HAR. 
ACY, AMS, BLN, DUP, FCL, GAF, HAR, HCC, HSH, IMP, 

LVY, SAN, SDH, SNA, SW. 

ACY, AMS, CIK, FCL, HCC, IMP, KON, LVY, PPG, SDH, 

SNA, SUC, SW. 
ACY, AMS, CC, CIK, EAK, FCL, HCC, IMP, LVY, KON, PPG, 

SDH, SNA, SUC, SW. 
ACY, AMS, CC, FCL, HCC, KON, SDH, SUC, SW. 
KON. 
SUC. 
AMS, HAR, HCC, HSH, IMP, SUC, SW. 

ACY, ADC, AMS, BLN, CIK, FCL, HCC, IMP, LVY, KON, 

MRX, SAN, SDH, SNA, SUC, SW. 
ADC, KON. 

IMP, MRX. 

GAF. 

DUP, HAR. 

ADC, AMS, BLN, CIK, DUP, FCL, HAR, HCC, HSH, IMP, 

LVY, SAN, SDH, SNA, SUC, SW. 
DUP, IMP, MGR. 

FCL, HAR, HSH, IMP, KON, MjR, SNA, SW. 
HAR, MGR. 
BLN, CC, IMP, KON, MGR, MRX, SAN, SNA. 



TONERS AND LAKES 



113 



TABLE IIB. — Toners and lakes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



TONERS OR FULL-STRENGTH COLORS— Continued 

»Red Toners — Continued 

•Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PTA 

Pigment Red 87 C.I. 73 310 

Pigment Red 88 

•Pigment Red 90, C.I. <i5 380 

Pigment Red 123 

(Vat Red 29), C.I. 71 lAO 

All other 

Violet toners: 

Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, fugitive 

•Pigment Violet 1, C.I. i,5 170, PMA 

•Pigment Violet 1, C.I. A5 170, PTA 

•Pigment Violet 3, C.I. « 535, fugitive 

•Pigment Violet 3, C.I. -42 ^535, BIA 

•Pigment Violet 3, C.I. « 535, PTA 

Violet 5, C.I. 58 055 

(Vat Violet 2), C.I. 73 385— 

(Vat Violet 3), C.I. 73 395 

All other 

•Yellow toners: 

Benzidine yellows: 
•Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090 

•Pigment Yellow 13, C.I. 21 100 

•Pigment Yellow U, C.I. 21 095 

•Aoetoaoetanlsidide Yellow (deb ^ aaoa) 

Other benzidine yellows 

Hansa yellows: 
•Pigment Yellow 1, C.I. 11 680— 

•Pigment Yellow 3, C.I. 11 710 

Pigment Yellow A, C.I. 11 665 

Pigment Yellow 5, C.I. 11 660 

Pigment Yellow 6, C.I. 11 670 

Pigment Yellow 9, C.I. 11 720 — - 

All other Hansa yellows 

Pigment Yellow 16, C.I. 20 040— 

(Vat Yellow 1), C.I. 70 600— 

(Vat Yellow 20), C.I. 68 420 

All other 

REDUCED OR EXTENDED TONERS 

•Black toners, reduced 

•Blue toners, reduced: 

•Pigment Blue 1, C.I. 42 595, FMA 

Pigment Blue 1, C.I. 42 595, PTA 

Pigment Blue 2, C.I. 44 045, fugitive 

Pigment Blue 2, C.I. 44 045, IMA 

Pigment Blue 2, C.I. 44 045, PTA 

•Pigment Blue 9, C.I. 42 025, ™a— 



ACY, AMS, BUJ, CC, DUP, EAK, FCL, HCC, IMP, KON, MIR, 

MRX, SAN, SDH, SNA. 
HAE. 
HAR. 

ACY, AMS, FCL, ICC, LVY, NYC, SAN, SDH, SNA. 
HAR. 
HAR. 
HCC, LVE, SW, X. 

MGR. 

BLN, CC, IMP, LVY, MGR, MRX. 

ACY, AMS, BLN, CC, CIK, DUP, EAK, FCL, HCC, IMP, KON, 

MGR, MRX, SAN, SNA. 
ACY, ADC, AMS, BLN, HCC, IMP, LVY, MGR, NYC, SDH, SUC, 

UHL. 
ADC, AMS, BLN, CC, CIK, EAK, HCC, IMP, KON, LVY, MGR, 

MRX, NYC, PPG, SDH, SNA, SUC, SW, UHL. 
ACY, AMS, BLN, HCC, IMP, KON, MRX, SNA, SW. 
HAR. 
HAR. 
HAR. 
GAF, ICC. 



ACY, AMS, CIK, DUP, FCL, GAF, HAR, HCC, ICC, IMP, KON, 

LVY, MRX, SAN, SDH, SNA, SUC, SW, WDC. 
GAF, HAR, ICC, IMP, ROM, SNA, SW. 
ACY, AMS, DUP, GAF, HAR, HCC, HSH, HST, ICC, IMP, 

KON, MRX, ROM, SAN, SDH, SNA, SW, X. 
ACY, AMS, HSH, ICC, IMP, SNA, SW. 
ICC, SW, X. 

ACY, AHC, AMS, DUP, EAK, FCL, GAF, HAR, HCC, HSH, 

IMP, KON, PPG, SAN, SDH, SNA, SUC, SW, WDC. 
HAR, HCC, HSH, IMP, KON, PPG, SAN, SNA, SW. 
HAR, SNA, SUC. 
IMP. 

CIK, IMP. 
SNA. 

AHC, HCC, X. 
HST. 
TRC. 
HAR. 
HSH, HST, ICC, SW, TRC. 



BLN, CC, HAM, MRX. 

BLN, CC, DUP, HCC, IMP, MGR, NYC. 

CC, HAM, MGR. 

BLN, MGR, MRX. 

CC. 

CC, HAM, SNA. 

IMP, MRX, NYC. 



See note at end of table for definition of abbreviations. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE IIB. — Toners and lakes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, i960--Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



REDUCED OR EXTENDED TONERS— Continued 

»Blue toners, reduced — Continued 

Pigment Blue 9, C.I. 42 025, PTA 

Pigment Blue 10, C.I. 44 040, PMA 

Pigment Blue 10, C.I. 44 040, FIA 

»Pigment Blue 14, C.I. 42 600, PMA 

Pigment Blue 14, C.I. 42 600, PTA 

^-Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, alpha modifioation-- 
»Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, beta modification— - 

Pigment Blue 19, C.I. 42 750A - 

Pigment Blue 22, C.I. 69 810 

Pigment Blue 25, C.I. 21 180 

(Solvent Blue 7), C.I. 50 400 - - 

(Vat Blue 6), C.I. 69 825 - — 

All other 

*Brown toners, reduced: 

Pigment Brown 3, C.I. 21 010, fugitive 

Pigment Brown 3, C.I. 21 010, PMA 

(Vat Brown 3), C.I. 69 015 - 

All other 

<ireen toners, reduced: 

»Plgment Green 1, C.I. 42 040, PMA 

Pigment Green 1, C.I. 42 040, PTA 

^Pigment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and C.I. 49 005, PMA- 
*Pigment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and C.I. 49 005, PTA- 

Pigment Green 4, C.I. 42 000, PMA 

^Pigment Green 7, C.I. 74 260 

Pigment Green 8, C.I. 10 006 

Pigment Green 10, C.I. 12 775— 

All other 

tOrange toners, reduced: 

Pigment Orange 1, C.I. 11 725 

Pigment Orange 2, C.I. 12 060 

Pigment Orange 5, C.I. 12 075 

Pigment Orange 16, C.I. 21 160 

(Vat Orange 3), C.I. 59 300 - 

(Vat Orange 4), C.I. 59 310 - - — - 

(Vat Orange 7), C.I. 71 105- - 

All other 

»Red toners, reduced: 
*Naphthol reds: 

Pigment Red 2, C.I. 12 310 

Pigment Red 9, C.I. 12 460- - 

Pigment Red 10, C.I. 12 440 - 

Pigment Red 13, C.I. 12 395 

Pigment Red 17, C.I. 12 390 

Pigment Red 21, C.I. 12 300 — 

Pigment Red 22, C.I. 12 315- 

"Pigment Red 23, C.I. 12 355 — 

All other reduced naphthol reds 

♦Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, dark 

Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, light - — 

"Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120 

Pigment Red 4, C.I. 12 085- - — 

Pigment Red 6, C.I. 12 090 

Pigment Red 38, C.I. 21 120 

Pigment Red 41, C.I. 21 200— 



BLN, 

IMP. 

IMP. 

CC, 

DUP, 

ACY, 

ACY, 

sue. 

DUP, 
HAR. 
SNA. 
DUP. 
DUP, 



DUP, IMP, NYC. 
NYC. 

BLN, DUP, GAF, HAR, IMP, KCW, SNA, SUC, SW, TMS. 
DUP, KCW, KON, SW, TMS. 

HAR, IMP. 



MRX, X. 



SNA. 

HAR. 

CC. 

HAM, ICC. 

BLN, CC, IMP, MRX, NYC. 

BLN. 

CC, MRX, SNA, UHL. 

BLN, DUP, MRX. 

BLN, HCC. 

BLN, CC, DUP, GAF, HAR, KCW, SUC, SW, TMS. 

CC, DUP, KCW. 

DUP. 

BLN, CC, SW. 

KCW. 

BLN, IMP. 

CC. 

DUP, HAR. 

HAR. 

HAR. 

HAR. 

HAM. 



KCW. 

DUP. 

KCW. 

KCW. 

ACY. 

CC. 

ACY, 

ACY, 

KCW. 

IMP, 

IMP, 

BLN, 

SAN. 

DUP. 

HAR, 

HAR. 



DUP. 

DUP, SNA, SUC, SW. 

UHL, WDC. 

WDC. 

DUP, HAM, IMP, SW, UHI 



See note at end of table for definition of abbreviations. 



TONERS AND LAKES 



115 



TABLE 1 IB. --Toners and lakes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer , i560--Continued 



REDUCED OR EXTENDED TONERS--Contlnued 

»Red toners, reduced — Continued 

•Pigment Red 48, C.I. 15 865- — -— - 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630: 

»Barium toner 

Calcium toner 

Pigment Red 50, C.I. 15 500 

Pigment Red 52, C.I. 15 860 

Pigment Red 53, C.I. 15 585, sodium salt 

Pigment Red 55, C.I. 15 820 — 

»Pigment Red 57, C.I. 15 850 

Pigment Red 58, C.I. 15 825 

Pigment Red 78 

Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, fugitive 

•Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, FMA 

•Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PTA 

Pigment Red 87, C.I. 73 310 

Pigment Red 88 

Pigment Red 90, C.I. 45 380 - 

(Vat Red 1), C.I. 73 360 

(Vat Red 10), C.I. 67 000 - 

(Vat Red 29), C.I. 71 140— 

All other 

*Violet toners, reduced: 

Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, fugitive - 

Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, PMA 

Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, PTA — 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, fugitive 

•Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, PMA 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, PTA 

(Basic Violet 3), C.I. 42 555, fugitive 

(Vat Violet 1), C.I. 60 010— 

(Vat Violet 3), C.I. 73 395 - 

•Yellow toners, reduced: 
Benzidine yellows: 

•Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090 

•Pigment Yellow 14, C.I. 21 095 - - 

Other benzidine yellows 

Hansa yellows: 

Pigment Yellow 1, C.I. 11 680 

Pigment Yellow 3, C.I. 11 710 

Other Hansa yellows 

Pigment Yellow 18, C.I. 49 005 

(Basic Yellow 2), C.I. 41 000, fugitive 

(Vat Yellow 1), C.I. 70 600 - - 

LAKES OR LAKED COLORS 

•Black lakes: (Natural Black 3), C.I. 75 291 

•Blue lakes: 

Pigment Blue 17, C.I. 74 180 

•Pigment Blue 24, C.I. 42 090 - 

(Acid Blue 93), C.I. 42 780 

(Acid Blue 104), C.I. 42 735 - 

Brown lakes 

See note at end of table for definition of abbreviations. 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



BLN, DUP, HAR, HCC, IMP, KON, SAN, SNA, UHL, WDC. 



CC, FCL, KON, 


SNA, 


UHL. 




CC. 








HSH. 








HCC, SW. 








HAR. 








HAR. 








CC, IMP, KON, 


SAN, 


SNA, 


SW. 


SNA. 








DUP. 








BLN, KCW. 








BLN, CC, DUP, 


NYC. 






BLN, DUP, HCC 


, KCW 


, SNA 




HAR. 








HAR. 








IMP. 








KON. 








HAH. 








HAR. 








CC, HAM, KCW. 








BLN, CC, UHL. 








BLN, CC, MRX, 


NYC. 






SNA. 








BLN, CC, HAM, 


KON, 


UHL. 




BLN, CC, DUP, 


HCC, 


MGR, 


NYC. 


CC, KON. 








HAM. 








DUP, HAR. 








HAR. 








DUP, HAR, HSH 


IMP 






ACY, CC, DUP, 


HAR, 


IMP, 


SAN, SW 


HAR. 








DUP, IMP, MRX 


WDC 






KCW, SAN. 








KCW, sue. 








IMP. 








MRX, SAN. 








HAR. 









CPC, KON, NYC. 

BLN, CPC. 

ACY, ADC, AMS, BLN, CIK, ICC, IMP, KON, LVY, JCR, 
SDH, SNA. 

ICC. 

CPC, KCW. 
KON. 



116 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE IIB. 



--Toners and lakes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Product 


Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 


LAKES OR LAKED COLORS— Continued 

i<Green lakes: 

(Aoid Green 3), C.I. 42 085 — — 


BLN, GPC. 


^Grange lakes: 

Pigment Orange 17, C.I. 15 510 

(Acid Orange 8), C.I. 15 575 - 


CPC, IMP, KCW, KON, LVY, MGR. 

IMP. 


»Red lakes: 

*Piginent Red 60, C.I. 16 105 

Pigment Red 65, C.I. 18 020- - — - 

^Pigment Red 83, C.I. 58 000 — 

(Acid Red 17), C.I. 16 180 

(Acid Red 25), C.I. 16 050 

*(Acid Red 26), C.I. 16 150 — 

(Acid Red 27), C.I. 16 185 

(Natural Red 4), C.I. 75 470 

(Natural Red 24), C.I. 75 280 

All other- - - — 

Wiolet lakes: 

(Acid Violet 17), C.I. 42 650 

All other 

*Yellow lakes: 

(Acid Yellow 1), G.I. 10 316 

(Acid Yellow 3), G.I. 47 005 - 

(Acid Yellow 11), C.I. 18 820- 

»(Acid Yellow 23), C.I. 19 140 

(Natural Yellow 10), C.I. 75 720 — 


BLN, CC, DUP, HAR, HCG, HSH, KON, MRX, SAN, SNA. 

SAJl. 

HSH, IMP, KCW, KON, MRX, SNA, SW, UHL. 

IMP, PPG, WDC. 

KON. 

BLN, EAK, OAF, HAM, IMP, KCW, SNA, UHL, X. 

KON, SW. 

KON, SW. 

IMP. 

APC, X. 

BLN, DUP, GAP, HAR, HSH, IMP, SNA, SW, TRC. 

BLN, HCG. 

SW. 

IMP, MGR, SW. 

IMP, LVR, MGR. 

MGR. 

ACY, HAR, IMP, KON, MGR, MRX. 

IMP. 







Note. --The C.I. (Colour Index) numbers shown in this report are the identifying codes given in the second edition 
of the Colour Index. 

When the name of a color is enclosed in parentheses, it indicates that this name is that of the dye from which 
the pigment can be made and that no name for the pigment itself is given in the Colour Index. 

The abbreviations PMA and PTA stand for phosphomolybdic and phosphotungstio (including phosphotungstomolybdio) 
acids, respectively. The abbreviation deb stands for 3,3'-dichlorobenzidine, and the abbreviation aaoa, for 
o-acetoacetanisidide. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 
Medicinal Chemicals 



\]7 



TABLE 13B. 



-Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
id6titified by manufacturer, 1960 



[Medicinal chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 13A in pt. II are marked below with an aster- 
isk (»); medicinal chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 13A because the reported data are accepted in 
confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x 
signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINAL CHEMICAI5, CYCLIC 
Benzenoid 

3-Aoetamldo-2,4,6-triiodobenzoio acid and sodium salt 

Aoetarsone (N-Aoetyl-4-hydroxy-m-arsanilic acid) 
(Stovarsol) . 

Acetylglycol salicylate 

Aoetylphenylurea 

♦Acetyls alicylic acid (Aspirin) 

Acetylsalicylic acid, aluminum basic salt 

Adiphenine ( 2-Diethylaminoethyl diphenylaoetate) 

Adrenaline (Epinephrine) 

»Amino acids: 

3,5-Diiodotyroslne >- 

dl-Phenylalanine 

1-Tyrosine 

»p-Aminobenzoic acid and derivatives : 

p-Amlnobenzoic acid 

Benzooaine (Ethyl p-aminobenzoate) 

Benzocaine, ethoxylated 

Benzonatate ((i)-Methoxypoly(ethyleneoxy) ethyl 
p-butylaminobenzoate) (Tessalon). 

Butaoaine sulfate 

Butesin (n-Butyl p-aminobenzoate) 

2-Diethylaminoethyl 'i-amino-2-propoxybenzoate 
(Ravooaine) hydrochloride. 

Isobutyl p-aminobenzoate (Cycloform) 

Procaine base and salts: 

Procaine acetate 

♦Procaine hydrochloride 

Procaine isobutyrate 

Propyl p-aminobenzoate 

Tetracaine (2-Dimethylaminoethyl p-butylaminobenzoate) 
base. 

Tetracaine hydrochloride 

p-Aminobenzoic acid salts: 

Magnesium p-aminobenzoate 

Potassium p-aminobenzoate 

Sodium p-aminobenzoate 

2- (p-Aminophenyl) -2-ethylglutari mi de 

l-m-Amlnophenyl-2-pyridone 

^-Aminosalicylic acid 

A-Aminosalioylic acid salts: 

Calcium ^-aminosalicylate 

Potassium "i-aminosalicylate 

Sodium 'V-aminosalicylate 

3-(3-Amino-2,'i,6-triiodophenyl)-2-ethylpropionic acid 

Anllerldlne dihydrochloride (Ethyl-l-(4-aminophenethyl)- 
'♦-phenylisonipecotate dihydrochloride) . 

p-Anlsoln (4,4 -Dimethoxybenzoin) 

Anthranlllc acid, cadmium salt 



MAL. 
SDW. 



FBS. 

ABB. 



CFC, DOW, MI£, MON, NOR, SDG. 

ABB, SFA. 

CBP. 

SDW. 

EK, FMT. 
DOW, SDW. 

STA. 

LEM, PYL. 

ABB, FBS, LEM, MTL. 

BPC. 

CBP. 

ABB. 

ABB, FBS. 
SDW. 

FBS. 

RIK. 

ABB, LEM, MTL. 

LEM. 

FBS. 

FBS. 

FBS, SDW. 

ISU. 

CAN, LEM. 
GAN, LEM. 
CBP. 

X. 

MLS, PD. 

ms. 

HEX, MI£. 
MI£, PD. 
SDW. 
MRK. 

SPC. 
MAL. 



118 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 13B. • 



-Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINAL CHEMICAI5, CYCLIC— Continued 
6c n2 e no id- -Continued 

* Antihistamines : 

2-(Benzhydryloxy)-N,N-dimethylethylamine hydrochloride — 

Bromodiphenhydramine hydrochloride 

1- (p-Chloro-a-phenylbenzyl) -4-m-methylbenzylpiperazine 
(Meclizine)dihydrochloride . 

N, N-Diinethyl-2- (o-methyl-a-phenylbenzyloxy) ethylamine 
citrate . 

N, N-Dimethyl-2- ( o-methyl-a-phenylbenzyloxy ) ethylamine 
hydrochloride . 

N,N-Dimethyl-2-(a-phenyl-o-toloxy) ethylamine dihydrogen 
citrate. 

Benz aldehyde 

Benzestrol {U,A -(l,2-Diethyl-3-methyltrimethylene)- 

diphenol) . 

Benzoic acid 

Benzoic acid salts: 

Ammonium benzoate 

Lithium benzoate 

d-N-Benzyl-N,a-dimethylphenethylamine hydrochloride 

Benzyl p-methoxycinnamate 

3,'i-Bis(p-hydroxyphenyl)-2,3-hexadienediacetate 

4-,'i-Bis(p-methoxyphenyl)-3-hexanone 

*Bismuth subgallate 

Bismuth subsalicylate 

N,N -Bis ( 3 -nitrobenzenesulf onyl ) ethy lenedi ami ne 

Bis(4-nitrophenyl) disulfide 

4-n-Butyl-2- (p-hydroxyphenyl) -l-phenyl-3 , 5-pyrazolidine- 

dione. 

N-(n-Butyl)-3-phenylsalicylamide 

l-Butyl-3-p-tolylsulfonylurea 

^•Carbasone (p-Carbamidobenzenearsonio acid) 

Chloramlne T (N-Chloro-p-toluenesulfonamide, sodium 

derivative) . 
6-Chloro-2H-l,2,'+-benzothiadiazine-7-sulfonamide 

1,1-dioxide. 
6-Chloro-3-chloromethyl-3,'4-dihydro-2-methyl-2H-l,2,4- 

benzothiadiazine-7-sulfonamide, 1,1-dioxide. 
6-Chloro-3,'i-dihydro-2H-l,2,4-benzothiadiazine-7- 

sulfonamide, 1,1-dioxide. 
2-(2-Chlorophenyl)-2-('i-chlorophenyl)-l,l-dichloroethane--- 
2-('4-Chlorophenyl)tetrahydro-3-methyl-'4H-l,3-thiazin-4-one, 

1,1-dioxide. 

Chlorothymol 

l-Cyclohexyl-3-diethylamino-l-phenyl-l-propanol ethiodide-- 

Desoxyanlsoin 

3,5-Diaoetamido-2,4,6-triiodobenzoic acid, sodium salt 

2,5-Diaminotoluene sulfate 

'4,5-Diohloro-m-benzenedisulfonamide (Dichlorphenamide) 

a-Diethylamino-2,6-acetoxylidide 

l-[p-((J-Diethylaminoethoxy)phenyl]-l-p-tolyl-2-(p-chloro- 

phenyl ) ethanol . 

2-Diethylaminopropiophenone 

p,p '-(l,2-Diethylethylene)diphenol (Hexestrol) 



PD. 
PD. 
PFZ. 



HN, TNP. 
OTA. 

MON, TNP. 

PEN. 
MYW. 

X. 

GIV. 

MLS. 

LIL. 

BKC, MAL, PEN. 

MAL, NOR, PEN. 

SAL. 

ACY. 

GGY. 

KF. 

HST, X. 

LIL, PYL, RSA. 

MON. 



ABB, CBP, MRK. 

EDC. 
SDW. 

OPC. 

ACY. 

SPC. 

SDW. 

EK. 

MRK. 

AST. 

BKC. 

BKC. 
SPC, X. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



119 



TABLE 13B. — Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Benzenoid' -Contimed 

ttja'-Diethyl-'ij'i' -stllbenediol (Diethylstilbestrol) 

Bj-i-Dlhydroxynorephedrine (3,4-Dthydroxyphenylpropanol- 
amine) hydrochloride. 

3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic acid 

4-Dlmethylamino-2,2-diphenylbutyraiiilde ethobromide 

o(-d-A-Dimethylamino-l,2-diphenyl-3-methyl-2-propoxy- 

butane hydrochloride . 
4- ( 2-Dimethylamlnoethoxy ) -N- ( 3 ,"4, 5-trimethoxybenzoyl ) - 

benzylamine hydrochloride . 
'i-Dimethylamino-3-methyl-2,2-diphenylbutyr amide 

hydrogen sulfate. 
Dlmethylethyl (f-carbamyl-YjY-diphenylpropyl) ammonium 
bromide . 

1-N,a-Dimethylphenethy lamina base 

N,« -Dimethylphenethylamine (Desoxyephedrine) base 

N,a-Dimethylphenethylamine (Desoxyephedrine) hydroohloride- 

d-N,a-Diinethylphenethylamine hydrochloride 

N,2-Dimethyl-2-phenylsuccinimide 

Dimethyl-p-toluidine 

3,5-Dinitrobenzamide 

Diphenylacetonitrile 

3,5-Dipropionamido-2,4,6-triiodobenzoio acid and sodium 
salt. 

Dipropylene glycol salicylate 

p-(Dl-N-propylsulf amyl)benzoic acid (Benemid) 

»Dyes, medicinal: 

Aoriflavine (3,6-Diamlno-lO-methylaoridine chloride) 

2,'4-Diamino-'i'-ethoxyazobenzene hydrochloride (Serenium)- 

Gentian violet 

Merbromin (Dibromohydroxymercurifluoresoein, sodium salt) 

Methylene blue 

Methyl violet 

Scarlet red (Phenol red) 

Other 

N-Ethyl-3,3'-diphenyldipropylamine 

N-Ethyl-3,3'-diphenyldlpropylamine citrate 

N-Ethyl-3,3'-diphenyldipropylamine hydrochloride 

Ethyl (iodophenyl)hendecanoate (Pantopaque) 

Ethylmercurithiosalicylic acid 

»Ethylmercurithiosalioylic acid, sodium salt 

a-Ethyl-« -phenylglutarimide (Doriden) 

Ethyl salicylate carbonate 

Gallic acid 

Glycol monosalioylate 

Guaiacol, liquid and crystalline 

1-Hexadecylpyridinium chloride 

Hexylresorcinol 

p-Hydroxyacetanilide 

m-Hydroxybenzaldehyde 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid esters: 

Benzyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

n-Butyl p-hydroxybenzoate (Butoben) 



LIL, SPC. 
SDW. 

LIL. 
FBS. 
LIL. 

HOF. 

FBS. 



ABB. 

HEX. 

CAN, HEX. 

ABB, GAN, HEX. 

PD. 

EK, PYL. 

SAL. 

LIL. 

MAL. 

CP. 



NAG. 




KON. 




NAC, 


SDH. 


HYN. 




NAC. 




NAC. 




NAC. 




NAC, 


X. 


SPC. 




SPC. 




SPC. 




X. 




LIL. 




LAS, 


LIL, PYL 


CBP. 




FBS, 


PD. 


MAL. 




FBS, 


MON. 


HN, 


MON. 


HEX. 




HEX, 


MRK. 


MLS, 


NEP. 


NAC. 




HN. 




FBS, 


HN. 



120 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 13B. --Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Mainif aoturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINAL CHEMICAI5, CYCLIC— Continued 

Benzenoid- -Continued 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid esters — Continued 

Ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

3-Hydroxy-3-(4-ohloro-3-sulfamylphenyl)phthalimidine 

2,2'-(2-Hydroxyethylimino)bis[N-(a,a-dimethylphenethyl)- 
N-methylaoetainide ] . 

Hydroxymercuri-4-nitro-o-oresol anhydride (Metaphen) 

4-Hydroxy-3-nitroben2enearsonio acid 

2-Hydroxy-2-phenethyl carbamate 

a-(Isopropylanunomethyl)protocatechuyl alcohol (Aleudrine)' 

Mandelio acid (Phenylglycollc acid) 

Mandelio acid, calcium salt 

o-Methoxy-N,a -dimethylphenethylamine ( 1- (o-Methoxyphenyl) - 
2-methylaminopropane) hydrochloride. 

2-Methoxyethyl p-methoxycinnamate 

5-(o-Methoxyphenoxymethyl)-2-oxazolidinone 

»3-(o-Methoxyphenoxy)-l,2-propanediol (Glyceryl 
guaiacyl ether) . 

Methylaminoethanolcatechol (raoemic) 

a-(l-Methylaminoethyl)benzyl alcohol (Pseudoephedrine) 
hydrochloride . 

a-(l-Methylaminoethyl)benzyl alcohol sulfate 

l-Methyl-"i-oarbethoxy-4-phenylhexamethylenimine 

(Ethoheptazine) citrate. 
N- [2- (3,4-Methylenedioxyphenyl) isopropyl] -a-aminomethyl- 

protocatechuyl alcohol hydrochloride (Caytine). 
a-Methylphenethylamine (Amphetamine) base and salts: 

»a-Methylphenethylamine (Amphetamine) base 

d-a-Methylphenethylamine base 

a-Methylphenethylamine hydrochloride 

d-a-Methylphenethylamine phosphate 

a-Methylphenethylamine sulfate 

d-a-Methylphenethylamine sulfate 

5-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinone 

2-Naphthol (p-Naphthol) 

Neostigmine bromide 

Neostigmine methyl sulfate 

p-Nitrobenzenearsonic acid 

^Norephedrine hydrochloride 

Phenacaine [ (Di-p-ethoxyphenyl)aoetaniidine hydrochloride]— 

Phenacetin (Aoetophenetidin) 

Phenolphthalein 

Phenolsulfonic acid salts: 

Aluminum phenolsulfonate 

Ammonium phenolsulfonate 

Calcium phenolsulfonate 

Sodium phenolsulfonate 

Zinc phenolsulfonate 

2-Phenyl-tert-butylamlne resin complex 

trans -2-Phenylcyolopropylamine sulfate 

1-Phenylephrine base 

^Phenylephrine hydrochloride 



FBS, 


HN. 


FBS, 


HN. 


FBS, 


HN. 


GGY. 




WYT. 




ABB. 




SAL. 




ARP. 




ABB, 


SPC. 


MAL, 


NEP. 


MAL. 




MLS, 


ORI. 


GIV. 




ACY. 




FBS, 


GAN, HEX 


DOD. 




BUR, 


CAN. 


GAN. 




WYT. 





HEX, 
HEX. 
HEX. 
HEX. 
HEX. 
HEX, 
LIL. 
FIN. 
HEX. 
HEX, 
SAL. 
FBS, 
SDW. 
DOW, 
MON. 



ORT, SK. 



MED. 

GAM, HEX, NEP, ORT. 

MON. 



MAL. 
SAL. 
MAL. 

MAL, SAL. 
MAL. 



GAN. 

GAN, HEX, SDW, SPC. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



121 



TABLE 13B. --Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINAL CHEMICAI5, CYCLIC— Continued 
Benzenoid- -Continued 



2-Phenylethylhydrazine dihydrogen sulfate 

2-Phenyl-l,3-indandione (Danilone) 

P-Phenylisopropylhydrazine hydrochloride 

Phenyl mercuric derivatives: 

o-Chloromercuriphenol ( o-Hydroxyphenylmercurio chloride) 

Phenylmercurlc acetate 

Phenylmerouric benzoate 

Phenylmercurlc borate 

Phenylmercurlc chloride 

Phenylmercurlc nitrate 

Phthalazone 

Pyrogallio acid 

Resorcinol, bismuth salt 

Resorcinol monoacetate 

Resorcinol monobenzoate 

Salicylamide 

•Salicylic acid 

•Salicylic acid salts: 

Calcium salicylate 

Magnesium salicylate 

Mercuric salicylate 

Potassium salicylate 

•Sodium salicylate 

Strontium salicylate 

Salol (Phenyl salicylate) 

Sodium antimony(III)-bis(catechol-2,'l-disulfonate) 
(Fouadin) . 

Sodium benzyl succinate 

Sodium o-iodohippurate dihydrate (Hippuran) 

Sodium santoninate 

•Sulfa drugs: 

6-Acetamido-i-hydroxy-3-('i'-sulfamoylphenylazo)-2,7- 
naphthalenedlsulfonio acid, disodium salt (Neo- 
prontosil) (Prontosil soluble) . 

N-'--Aoetyl-3,'4-dimethyl-5-sulfanilamidoisoxazole 

N''"-Acetylsulfajiiethoxypyridazlne 

'>'-(Acetylsulfamoyl)phthalanilic acid 

Benzoylsulfanilamide 

Benzoylsulfanilamide, sodium salt 

p-Benzylaminobenzenesulfonamide 

N-'--(6-Chloro-2-pyrazinyl) sulfanilamide 

N^- ( 2, 6-Diiiiethoxy-4-pyrimidinyl) sulfanilamide 

N''--( 3, A-Dime thy 1-5- isoxazolyl) sulfanilamide 

N^-(5-Ethyl-l, 3, 'i-thiadiazol-2-yl) sulfanilamide 

N^-(5-Methyl-l, 3, i-thiadiazol-2-yl) sulfanilamide 

A'-(p-Nitrophenylsulfamoyl)acetanilide (N^-Aoetyl-N""-- 
('i-nitrophenyl)sulfanilamide) . 

Sulfabromomethazine, sodium salt 

Sulfadiazine 

Sulfadiazine, sodium salt 

Sulfaguanidine 

Sulfamerazine 



NEP. 

GAN, SPC. 
LKL- 



MIL. 
WRC. 
MIL, 
MIL, 
WL, 
MIL, 
NAC, 
MAL. 
tffiP. 
FIN. 
EKT. 
CFC, 
CFC, 



WRC. 
WRC. 
WRC. 
WRC. 
SDH. 



PEN. 

DOW, HN, MON, SDH. 



DOW. 

MAL. 

MAL. 

PEN. 

DOW, HN, MON. 

DOW, MAL, PYL. 

DOW, MAL, PEN. 

SDW. 

LEM. 
MAL. 
MAL. 



HOF. 
ACY. 
LEM. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
SDW. 
ACY. 
HOF. 
HOF. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY, SAL. 

MRK. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY. 



60S094 0-61 -9 



122 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 13B. --Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in tatle 23) 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS, CYCLIC--Continued 

Benzeno id- -Continued 

■"•Sulfa drugs — Continued 

Sulf amerazine , sodium salt 

Sulfamethazine 

Sulfamethoxypyridazine 

Sulfanilamide (p-AminobenzenesulTonamide) 

Sulfanilanilide 

N-Sulfanilylacetamide (Sulfaacetamide) 

N-Sulfanilylacetamide, sodium salt 

Sulfapyridine 

Sulfapyridine, sodium salt 

Sulfaquinoxaline 

Sulf asuxidine (Succinylsulfathlazole) 

Sulfathalidine 

Sulfathiazole 

Sulfathiazole, sodium salt 

4'-(2-Thiazolylsulfamoyl)phthalanilic acid 

[ Sulf ony Ibis (p-phenylenimino)]dimethanesulfinic acid, 
disodium salt (Diasone). 

Tannin albuminate (Tannalbin) 

a-(3-Thiomorphollnyl)benzhydrol hydrochloride 

Thiosalicylic acid 

Thymol 

Thymol iodide 

»3-o-Toloxy-l,2-propanediol (o-Cresyl a-glyoeryl ether). 
Vitamins: 

K (2-Methyl-l,<i-naphthalenedlol diphosphate, tetrasodium 
salt). 

»K (Menadione) (2-Methyl-l,'V-naphthoquinone) 

K (Menadione), sodium bisulfite 

K^ (2-Methyl-3-phytyl-l,'i-naphthoquinone) 

K^ (<i-Amino-2-methyl-l-naphthol, hydrochloride) 

Alicyclic and Heterocyclic 

2-Acetamido-5-nitrothiazole (Acetyl enheptin) 

5-Acetamido-l,3,'4-thiadiazole-2-sulfonamlde 

Adenine hydrochloride 

Adenine sulfate 

Adenosine 

Adenoslne-5-phosphoric acid 

Adenosinetriphosphoric acid 

Adenosinetriphosphoric acid, salt 

^Alkaloids and related products : 

Berberine hydrochloride 

Colchicine 

Digitalis glucosides: 

Digitonin 

All other 

Eserine salicylate 

Ethylmorphine hydrochloride 

Eucatropine hydrochloride 

Homatropine 

Homatropine hydrobromide 



ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

MRK. 

SAL. 

LEM, SCH, PYL. 

LEM, SCH, PYL. 

ACY, MRK, PYL. 

ACY, MRK, PYL. 

MRK. 

MRK. 

MRK. 

ACY, MRK. 

ACY, MRK. 

LEM. 

ABB. 



FBS. 
LIL, 


MEE. 


GIV, 


HNW. 


BKL, 


FBS, HEX 


HOF. 




ABB, 


HET, HFT 


ABB, 


HET. 


MRK. 




PD. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




SBR. 




KF. 




SBR. 




SBR. 




SBR. 




PBS, 


SBR. 


ABB, 


PEN. 


ABB, 


PEN. 


PEN. 




BUR. 




PEN. 




MAL, 


MRK. 


NEP. 




HEX, 


SPC. 


SPC. 





MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



123 



TABLE 13B. —Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Alicyclic and Heterocyclic— Contiivied 

♦Alkaloids and related products--Continued 

»Homatropine methyl bromide 

Hydrastine 

Hydrastine hydrochloride 

d-3-Methoxy-N-methylmorphlnan hydrobromide 

Qiinidine sulfate 

Rauwolfia serpentina (Alseroxylon) fraction 

Reserpine 

Totaquine sulfate 

Tubocurarine 

Veratrum viride (Alkavervir) 

Allantoin (5-Ureidohydantoin) 

Amino acids : 

dl-Acetyltryptophane 

dl-Tryptophane 

1-Tryptophane 

3- (2-Aminobutyl) indole acetate 

2-Amino-5-nitrothiazole (Enheptin) 

3-Amlno-2-oxazolidinone 

l-[ (4-Amino-2-propyl-5-pyrimidinyl)methyl] -2-methyl. 
pyridinimn chloride hydrochloride. 

2-Aminopurine-6-thiol 

» Antibiotics for human or veterinary use: 

Actidione 

»Baoitracin 

Chloramphenicol (Chloromycetin) 

Chlortetracycline (Aureomycin) hydrochloride 

Cycloserine 

»Dihydrostreptomycin 

Erythromycin 

Fumagillin 

Gramicidin 

»Neomycin, base 

Novobiocin 

Nystatin 

Oleandomycin 

Oleandomycin, triacetate 

Oxytetracycline (Terramycin) hydrochloride 

Paromomycin 

»Penicillin salts: 

Benzathine penicillin G 

Benzathine penicillin V 

Chloroprocaine penicillin t 

Hydrabamine penicillin V 

Penicillin V 

dl-a-Phenoxyethylpenloillin 

»Potassium penicillin G 

"Potassium penicillin V 

"Potassium a-phenoxyethyl penicillin 

"Procaine penicillin G 

Sodium 2,6-dimethoxyphenylpeniolllin 

"Sodium penicillin G 

Sodium penicillin 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



EN, HEX-, SPC. 

PEN. 

PEN. 

HOF. 

HEX. 

RIK. 

GBP, PEN. 

PEN. 

QMS. 

PEN, RIK. 

FIN, FMF, HFT. 

SDW. 
SDW. 
SDW. 

X. 

ACY. 
NOR. 
MRK. 

BUR. 

UP J. 

COM, PBS, PEN, PFZ. 

PD. 

ACY. 

COM. 

ACY, LIL, MRK, QMS, PFZ. 

ABB, COM, LIL. 

ABB. 

BAX, PEN. 

ACY, MRK, OMS, PEN, PFZ, UPJ. 

MRK, X. 

OMS. 

PFZ. 

PFZ. 

PFZ. 



PFZ, WYT. 

WYT. 

UPJ. 

ABB. 

LIL. 

PFZ. 

ABB, LIL, MRK, QMS, PFZ, WYT. 

ABB, LIL. 

BRS, QMS. 

ABB, LIL, MRK, OMS, PFZ, WYT. 

BRS. 

MRK, QMS, PFZ. 

UPJ. 



124 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 13B. — Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, i560-- Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINAL CHEMICA1£, CYCLIC— Contimed 
^Micyclic and Heterocyclic- -Continued 

•Antibiotics for human or veterinary use — Continued 

Polymixln B sulfate 

Sponttn 

wStreptomyoin 

»Tetraoycline 

Thiostrepton 

Tyrothricin 

Viorayoin 

Other 

•Antibiotics for animal feed supplements, food preservation, 

and crop spraying: 

Aterrimin 

Bacitracin 

Chlortetracycline (Aureomycin) hydrochloride 

Dlhydrostreptomycin 

Hygromyoin B 

Oxytetracycllne (Terramyoin) 

•Penicillin salts: 

Benzathine penoillin G 

Potassium penicillin G 

Procaine penoillin G 

Streptomycin 

•Antihistamines : 

2-(Benzhydryloxy)-N,N-dimethylethylamine 8-chloro- 

theophyllinate . 
2-[ Benzyl (2-dimethylaminoethyl)amino]pyridine hydro- 
chloride . 
2-[l-(p-Bromophenyl)-3-dlmethylamlnopropyl] pyridine 

(Parabromolylamine) maleate. 
l-('l-Chlorobenzhydryl)-4-methylpiperazine hydrochloride — 
2-[ p-Chloro-ci - ( 2-dimethy laminoethoxy )benzyl] pyridine 

maleate . 
2-[p-Chloro-a-(2-dimethylaminoethoxy)benzyl] pyridine 

tartrate . 
2-[p-Chloro-a- (2-dimethy laminoethyl)benzyl] pyridine 

(Chlorpheniramine base). 
l-(p-Chloro-3i-phenylbenzyl)-'«-(p-tert-butylbenzyl)- 

piperazine dihydroohloride. 
»2-[l-(p-ChlQrophenyl)-3-dimethylaminopropyl] pyridine 

maleate (Chlorophenylpyridamlne maleate). 

l-(p-Chlorophenyl)-2-phenyl-'4-pyrrolidyl-2-butanol 

l-(p-Chlorophenyl)-2-phenyl-H-pyrrolldyl-l-butene 

diphosphate and hydrochloride. 
2-[a - (2-Dimethylaminoethoxy) -*-raethylbenzyl] pyridine 

succinate (2-(Methyl-2' -dimethylamlnoethoxybenzyl) 

pyridine succinate) (Decapryn succinate). 
2- [ ( 2-Dimethylaminoethyl-p-methoxybenzyl) amino] pyridine 

maleate. 
2- [ (2-Dimethylaminoethyl-p-methoxybenzyl) amino] pyrimidine 

( N, N-Dimethy 1- N '-p-methoxybenzy 1- N , 2-pyrimidylethylene - 

diamine) . 
2- f ( 2-Dimethylaminoethyl ) thenylamino] pyridine fumarate 

(N,N-Dimethyl-N',2-pyridyl-N',2-thenylethylenediamine 

fumarate) . 



PFZ. 

ABB. 

ACY, LIL, MRK, QMS, PFZ. 

ACY, BRS, PFZ. 

QMS. 

BAX, PEN. 

PFZ. 

ACY, BRS, LIL, QMS. 



GPR, PBS, PEN. 



LIL, MRK, QMS, PFZ. 
PFZ. 



BIF. 
COM, 
ACY. 
PFZ. 
LIL. 
PFZ. 

PFZ. 
PFZ. 
ABB, 
MRK, 

SRL. 

CBP. 

SCH. 

ABB, BUR. 
SCH. 

X. 

HEX. 

PFZ. 

HEX, SCH, X. 

LIL. 
LIL. 



MRK. 
NEP. 

ABB, MON. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



125 



TABLE IZB.— Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Alicyclic and Heterocyclic- -Continued 

•Antihistamines — Continued 

2- [(2-Dimethylaiiilnoethyl)thenylamino]pyridine hydrochlo- 
ride (N,N-Dimethyl-N',2-pyridyl-N',2-thenylethylene- 
diamine hydrochloride). 
2-[(2-Dimethylaiiilnoethyl)thenylamlno] pyridine o-(p- 

hydroxybenzoyl)benzoate . 
N- ( 2' -Dlmethylaiiiino-2 ' -methyl ) ethy Iphenothiazine hydro- 
chloride . 

»2-[3-(Dimethylamino)-l-phenylpropyl]pyTidine maleate 

N,N-Dimethyl-N'-(2-pyridyl)-N'-(5-chloro-2-thenyl)- 
ethylenediamine citrate. 

Phenind amine 

Barbituric acid 

Barbituric acid, sodium salt 

•Barbituric acid derivatives : 

5-Allyl-5-seo-butylbarbiturio acid 

5-Allyl-5-(2-cyclopenten-l-yl)barbituric acid and salt 
(Cyclopal) . 

5-Allyl-5-isobutylbarbituric acid and salt 

»5-Allyl-5-(l-methylbutyl)barbiturio acid (Secobar- 
bital) and salt. 
5-Allyl-5-(l-methylbutyl)-2-thiobarbiturlo acid, sodium 
salt (Thiamylal). 

5-sec-Butyl-5-ethylbarbituric acid 

5-sec-Butyl-5-ethylbarbiturlc acid, sodium salt 

5-(l-Cyolohexen-l-yl)-l,5-dimethylbarbiturio acid 

(Evipal). 
5-(l-Cyclohexen-l-yl)-l,5-dimethylbarbituric acid, sodium 
salt. 

5-(l-Cyclohexen-l-yl)-5-ethylbarbituric acid and salt 

5,5-Diallylbarbituric acid (Dial) 

5,5-Diethylbarbituric acid (Barbital) 

5,5-Diethylbarbituric acid, sodium salt 

5-Ethyl-5-lsoamylbarbiturio acid and salt (Amytal) 

5-Ethyl-5-isopropylbarblturio acid and salt 

5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-l-butenyl)barblturic acid (Delvinal)- 
»5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-n-butyl)barbiturio acid (Pento- 
barbital). 
»5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-n-butyl)barbituric acid, sodium salt- 
5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-n-butyl)-2-thiobarbituric acid and 

salt (Pentothal). 
5-Ethyl-l-methyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid (Mephobarbital)- 

5-Ethyl-5-n-pentylbarblturic acid, sodium salt 

•5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid (Phenobarbital) (Luminal) 

»5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarblturic acid, sodium salt 

l-[2-(Benzylcarbamoyl)ethyl]-2-iEoniootinoylhydrazine 

3-Ben2yl-3,4-dihydro-6-(trlfluoromethyl)-2H-l,2,4-benzo- 
thiadiazine-7-sulfonamide, 1,1-dioxlde (Benzhydroflu- 
methlazlde) . 

2-Benzyl-2-imidazoline (Tolazoline) hydrochloride 

l-Benzyl-2-(5-methyl-3-isoxazolalcarbonyl) hydrazine 

3-Ben2ylthiomethyl-6-chloro-2H-l,2,'i-benzothiadiazine-7- 
sulfonamide, 1,1-dioxide. 



ABB, 


SDW. 




LIL. 
MON, 


WYT. 




HEX, 
MON. 


SCH, 


X 



3, KF. 



SDW. 








CAN. 








GAN. 








BPC, 


GAN, 


LIL. 




PD. 








ABB, 


BPC, 


GAN. 




ABB, 


BPC, 


GAN. 




SDW. 








SDW. 








SDW. 








GAN. 








GAN. 








GAN. 








BPC, 


GAN, 


LIL. 




ABB. 








X. 








ABB, 


BPC, 


GAN. 




ABB, 


BPC, 


GAN. 




ABB, 


BPC. 






SDW. 








BPC. 








ABB, 


BPC, 


GAN, 


MAL, SDW 


BPC, 


GAN, 


MAL, 


SDW. 


PFZ. 








QMS. 








SPC. 








HOF. 








PFZ. 









126 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 13B. —Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS, GYCLIC--Continued 
Alicyclic and HetcrocycHc--Contlnued 

»Bile acids and salts: 

Bilirubin 

Bilron 

Cholic acid 

*Dehydrooholio acid 

Dehydrocholic acid, sodium salt 

Desoxycholic acid 

»Ketocholanlc acids 

Mixed oxidized bile acids 

Bromocamphor, mono- 

4..r3-(p-Butoxyphenoxy)propyl]morpholine hydrochloride 

(Pyramoxine) . 
a-Butyloxycinchoninlc acid diethylethylenediamide and 
hydrochloride ( Nupercaine ) . 

•Caffeine, natural 

•Caffeine, synthetic 

Caffeine derivatives, natural and synthetic: 

Caffeine citrate 

Caffeine sodium benzoate 

Camphor, synthetic, U.S.P 

Camphoric acid 

Camphoric anhydride 

Camphosulfonic acid 

Camphosulfonic acid, calcium salt 

N_ [3- ( Carboxymethylmercaptomercuri ) -2-methoxypropyl] 
a-camphoramate, disodium salt. 

Cellulose, oxidized 

6-Chloro-3-dichlororaethyl-3,4-dihydro-l,2,'4-benzothiadia- 

zine-7-sulfonamide, 1,1-dioxide. 
7-Chloro-i-('4-diethylamino-l-methylbutylamino)quinollne 

(Aralen) . 
7-Chloro-<i- (4-[ ethyl (2-hydroxyethyl) amino] -1-methylbutyl- 
amino)quinoline sulfate. 
»5-Chloro-7-iodo-8-quinolinol ( lodochlorohydroxyquinoline ) -- 

3-(p-Chlorophenylsulfonyl)-l-propylurea 

6-Chloropurine 

4-(7-Chloro-4-quinolylamino)-a-diethylaniino-o-cresol 

Coenzyme A 

Cozymase 

a-Cyclohexyl-a-phenyl-l-piperidinepropanol 

Cyclopentanol 

Cyclopentyl bromide 

l-Cyolopentyl-2-methylpropylamine (Cyclopentamine) hydro- 
chloride . 
a-Cyclopentyl-2-thiophenylglycolic acid, 2-diethylaininoethyl 
ester methobromide . 

Cytosine 

Dextran 

2,4-Diamino-5-(p-chlorophenyl)-6-ethylpyrimidine 

■»<4,7-Dichloroquinoline 

Diethylaminocarbethoxybicyclohexyl (Dicyclomine) hydro- 
chloride ( Bent yl hydrochloride). 



PEN. 

LIL. 

DRG, SRL, WIL. 

DRG, MRK, WIL, WTM. 

WIL. 

DRG, MRK, WIL, WTM. 

MRK, SRL, WIL. 

ARP. 

MAL, PEN. 

ABB. 

CBP. 

GNF, MYW, RB. 
MON, PFZ. 

MAL, MRK. 
MAL. 
HNW. 

FIN, PYL. 
FIN, PYL. 
PYL. 
FIN. 
WYT. 

EKT. 
SCH. 



CBP, LEM, MIL. 

PFZ. 

BUR. 

PD. 

PBS. 

PBS. 

ACY, SDW. 

LIL. 

LIL. 

LIL. 

SDW. 

KF. 

PHR. 

BUR. 

PD, SDH, SFA. 

BKC. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



127 



TABLE 13B. 



-Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Micyclic and Heterocyclic — Continued 

6-(2-Diethylaminoethoxy)-2-dijnethylaminobenzothiazole 

hydrochloride . 
l-Diethyloarbamyl-'i-niethylpiperazine dihydrogen citrate 
(Hetrazan) . 

3,3-Diethyl-5-methyl-2,'i-piperidinedione 

»Dihydrocodeinone bitartrate 

Dihydrohydroxycodeinone hydrochloride 

3,5-Diiodo-<i-pyTidone-N-acetic acid, diethanolamine 

»5,7-Diiodo-8-quinolinol 

6, 7-Dimethoxy-l- (•i-ethoxy-3-methoxybenzyl)-3-me thy Iqu inc- 
line phosphate (Dloxyline phosphate). 

p.a-Dimethylbenzyl caigjhorate, diethanolamine salt 

N,a -Dimethylcyclohexane-ethylamine ( l-Cyclohexyl-2-methyl- 

aminopropane ) . 
N,N-Dimethyl-'i-piperidylidene-l,l-diphenylmethane, 
methyl sulfate (Diphenmethanil methyl sulfate). 

N-(2,6-Dioxo-3-piperidyl) phthalimide 

5,5-Diphenylhydantoin 

5,5-Diphenylhydantoin, sodium salt 

5-Ethyl-3,5-dimethyl-2,'4-oxazolidinedione 

Ethyl l-methyl-i-phenylisonipeootate (Demarol) 

2-Ethyl-2-methylsuccinimide 

3-Ethyl-5-phenylhydantoin 

N-Ethyl-3-piperidyl benzilate methobromide 

N-Ethyl-3-piperidyl diphenylacetate hydrochloride 

Ethynyl cyclohexyl carbamate (Valmid) 

Fructose (Levulose) 

Fructose-l,6-diphosphate, dicalcium salt 

Galactose 

Glucose-6-phosphate, barium salt and sodium salt 

Heparin sodium 

Hesperidin methyl chalcone 

l-Hexadecylpyridinium chloride 

Hexamethylenetetramine 

Hexamethylenetetramine anhydromethylene citrate (Helmitol)' 

Hexamethylenetetramine mandelate 

HexoMnase 

Hexosediphosphoric acid salts: 

Barium and sodium salts 

Calcium hexosediphosphate 

Hormones (steroid): 

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) 

Dexamethasone 

Dexamethasone acetate 

Dexamethasone phosphate 

9,ll-Dichloro-17,21-dihydrcxypregna-l,'l-diene-3,20-dione 
21-acetate. 

Dienediol 

Estrogenic substance 

Fluorooortlsone 

9-a-Fluorohydrocortisone acetate 

Fluoxymesterone 

^Hydrocortisone alcohol and acetate 

Hydrocortisone diethylaminoacetate hydrochloride 



HOF. 

ACY. 

HOF. 

EN, MAL, MHK, PEN. 

EN. 

SDW. 

LEM, MIL, PYL, RSA, SRL. 

LIL. 



SCH. 

BKC. 

PD. 

PD, PYL. 

ABB. 

SDW, WYT. 

PD. 

ABB. 

LKL. 

LKL. 

LIL. 

DLL 

SBR. 

PFN. 

SBR. 

RIK. 

SKG. 

GAN. 

HN. 

SDW. 

NEP, PYL. 

PBS. 

SBR. 
SBR. 

ARP, ORG, WIL. 

MRK, SCH. 

SCH. 

MRK. 

SCH. 

UPJ. 

ORG. 

MRK. 

UPJ. 

UPJ. 

MRK, PFZ, UPJ. 

PFZ. 



\ 



128 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 13B. — Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINAL CHIMICAI^, CYCLIC— Continued 
Alicyclic and Heterocyclic — Continued 

Hormones (steroid) — Continued 

17-Hydroxy-ll-dehydrocorticosterone (Cortisone) and 
acetate. 

21-Hydroxypregnane-3,20-dione, sodium hpm1 succinate 

11-a-Hydroxyprogesterone 

17-a-Methyl-17-P-hydroxyandrostane-l,4-diene-3-one 

Methylprednisolone 

Methyltestosterone 

Piperazlne estrone sulfate 

Prednisolone 

Prednisone 

Progesterone 

Sitosterol B 

Testosterone propionate 

Triamcinolone 

Trlenediol 

1-Hydrazinonaphthalazine hydrochloride 

3-Hydroxy-l-methylpyridinlum bromide dlmethyloarbamate 

8-Hydroxyquinoline-5-sulfoiiic acid 

ii,5-ImidazoledicarboxaiDide (Glycarbylamide) 

lodoantipyrine 

2-Iodoethyl-l,3-dioxolane-4-methanol 

Isonlootinic acid hydrazide 

Maltose • — 

Menthyl salicylate 

homo-Menthyl salicylate 

6-Jfercaptopurlne 

6-Methoxy-8-ami noquinollne , 

P-ltethoxy-y-hydroxymercuric propylamide of canjihoric acid, 
sodium salt with theophylline (Mercupurin) . 

Ifethoxyoxlmerouripropylsuccinyl urea 

2-(p-Methoxyphenyl)-l,3-indandione 

2-Methylbenzothiazole 

Methylcholanthrene 

*-Uethylcyclopentaneethylamine 

Methyl dihydromorph i none 

3,3' -Methylenebis [4-hydroxycoumarin] (Dicumarol) 

Methyl nlcotinate 

3-Methyl-2-phenylmorphollne hydrochloride (Preludin) 

N-Methyl-2-phenylsucoinimide (Miloutin) 

N-Jfethyl-3-piperidylbenzllate methobromlde 

10- [(l-Methyl-3-piperidyl)methyl] phenothiazine 
hydrochloride (Mepazine) (Pacatal). 

3-(2-Methyl-l-piperidyl)propyl benzoate (Metycaine) 

3-(2-Uethyl-l-piperidyl)propyl p-cyclohexyloxybenzoate 

2-Jfethyl-3-o-tolyl-'i(3H)-quinazolinone 

l-Methyl-2-undecyl-3-benzylimidazolium bromide 

5-(4-Morpholinomethyl)-3-(5-nltrofurfurylideneamlno)-2- 
oxazolldinone. 

Nikethamide (Coramine) 

5-Hitro-2-furaldehyde dlacetate 

5-Nltro-2-furaldehyde semicarbazone (Furacin) 

5-Nltro-2-furfurylidene-l-aminohydantoin (Furadantin) 



MRK, UPJ. 

PFZ. 
UPJ. 
CBP. 

X. 

CBP. 
ABB. 

MRK, UPJ. 
MRK, SCH. 

X. 

UPJ. 

CBP. 

ACY, QMS. 

UPJ. 

CBP. 

HOF. 

LEM. 

MRK. 

MAL. 

X. 

HEP. 
PFN. 
FBS. 
FBS. 
BUR. 
GAM. 
FIN. 

LKL. 

SCH. 

FMT. 

EK. 

LIL. 

MAL. 

ABB, FIN. 

NEP, RIL. 

GGY. 

PD. 

LKL. 

NEP. 

LIL. 

LIL. 

X. 

LIL. 
NOR. 

CBP, PYL. 
NOR. 
NOR. 
NOR. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



129 



TABLE 13B. 



-Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, i960~ Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINAL CHBMICAI5, CYCLIC— Continued 
Alicyclic and Heterocyclic — Continued 

N-( 5-Nitro-2-furfurylldene) -3-amino-2-oxazolldene 

Novalgin ( l-Phenyl-2,3-dlniethyl-/i-methylaiiiino-5-pyrazolone 

formaldehyde bisulfite) . 
Nucleic acid 

Nucleic acid salts 

2-(0ctahydro-l-azoclnyl)ethylguanidine sulfate 

Papaverine hydrochloride, synthetic 

Phenothlazlne 

a-Phenylcyclohexaneglyoollc acid, l-methyl-l,4,5,6-tetra- 

hydro-2-pyTiinldinemethanol ester. 
1-Phenylcyclopentylcarboxylic acid, '2-(2-diethylaniino- 
ethoxy) ethyl ester. 

Phytic acid 

Phytic acid, calcium salt 

3-Picollnium myrlstyl chloride 

*Plperazine 

»Piperazine derivatives: 

N-Benzhydryl-N'''-iiiethylpiperazine base and hydrochloride- 
N-( P -Cyclohexyl-P-hydroxy-P-phenyl) ethyl -N' -methyl- 
piperazine methosulfate. 

Dimethylamlnoethyl-ii-methylplperazine 

N-(P,P-Diphenyl-P-hydroxy)ethyl-N'-methylpiperazine 
dlhydrochloride . 

Methyl-N-methyl-N-piperazine acetate 

N-Methylpiperazine _— — 

Piperazine adipate 

Piperazine calcium ethylenediamine tetraacetate (Perin)— 

Piperazine carbon disulfide 

Piperazine citrate 

Piperazine dlhydrochloride 

Piperazine hydrochloride 

Piperazine phosphate • 

Piperazine tartrate 

Piperazine hexahydrate 

6-Propyl-2-thiouracil 

Pyrazinamlde 

2-Pyridinemethanol tartrate 

Pyridium (2,6-Diamino-3-phenylazopyTidine) 

Qiilnacrine (Atebrin) (2-Methoxy-6-ohloro-9-dlethylamino- 

pentylaminoacridine) . 
8-Quinolinol (8-Hydroxyquinoline) salts and esters: 

»8-Qulnolinol base 

8-Qulnolinol benzoate 

8-Quinolinol citrate 

8-Quinolinol, magnesium salt 

8-(Juinolinol sulfate (Qulnosol) 

Rescinnamine 

Rutin 

Terpinol hydrate 

Theobromine derivatives: 

Theobromine calcium gluconate 

Theobromine sodium acetate 

Theobromine sodium salicylate 



NOR. 
SDW. 

SBR. 
SBR. 
CBP. 
LIL. 
CLV. 
PFZ. 

PFZ. 

STA. 

PYL, STA. 

x. 

DOW, JCC, RDA, UCC. 

BUR. 
ABB. 

UCC. 
ABB. 

ABB. 

PYL, UCC. 

JCC, PYL, RDA. 

EN. 

PYL. 

JCC, PYL, RDA, RSA. 

PYL, RDA. 

JCC, RDA. 

BUR, JCC, PYL, RDA. 

PYL. 

JCC. 

ACY. 

MRK. 

HOF. 

HOF, NEP. 

SDW. 



GAM, LEM, MTL. 

GAM. 

GAM. 

FMT. 

GAM, LEM, MTL. 

PFZ. 

LEM, PEN. 

LEM, PEN. 

WTM. 
MAL. 
MAL. 



\ 



130 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 13B. — Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, i560— Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



lEDICINAl CHEMICAI£, CYCLIC— Continued 
Alicyclic and Heterocyclic--Contijwed 

•Theophylline base and derivatives: 

Theophylline aminoisobutanol 

Theoplfli-lline, anhydrous 

Theophylline base 

Theophylline cholinate 

•Theophylline ethylenedlamine (Amlnophylline) 

Theophylline ethylenedlamine, sodium blphosphate 

Theophylline magnesium 

Theophylline methoxyoximercuripropyl succinylurea 

Theophylline sodium acetate 

All other 

2-Thio\iracil 

Thymidine 

•Tranquilizers (including benzenold) : 

l-( p-Chlorobenzhydryl) -4- [2-( 2-hydroxyethoxy) ethyl] 

diethylenediamlne dihydrochloride. 
l-(p-Chlorobenzhydryl) -A-[ 2-( 2-liydroxyethoxy) ethyl] 

diethylenediamlne pamoate. 
2-Chloro-10-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)phenothiazine 

(Chlorpromazine) hydrochloride. 
7-Chloro-2-methylamlno-5-phenyl-3H-l,4--benzodiazeplne-4- 

oxide hydrochloride. 
2-Chloro-10-[3-( l-methyl-4-piperazinyl)propyl] pheno- 

thiazine dimaleate. 
4--[3-(2-Chloro-10-phenothiazinyl)propyl]-l- 
piperazlneethanol. 

2-(p-Chlorophenyl)-3-methyl-2,3-butanediol 

10-(3-Dimethylaminopropyl)phenothlazlne (Promazine) 
hydrochloride . 

2-Ethyl-3-propylglyoidamide ( Qulactin) 

a-(4-Piperidyl)benzhydrol (Azocyclonol) hydrochloride 

N,2,3,3-Tetramethyl-2-norbomanR7n1ne (Mecamylamine) 

6-(Trifluoromethyl)-l,2,<i-benzothiadiazlne-7- 

sulfonamide, 1,1-dioxide. 
2-Trifluoromethyl-10-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)phenothiazine 

(Triflupromazine) hydrochloride, 
"t- [3- [2-( Trif luoromethyl) -10-phenothiaztnyl] propyl] - 
l-piperazineethanol dihydrochloride. 

Triethanolamine salicylate 

3,5,5-Trtmethyl-2,4-oxazolldinedione (Tridlone) 

Trlphosphopyridine nucleotide 

3-Tropanol (Tropine) 

Tropine benzhydryl ether methanesulfonate 

Uracil 

Uric acid — - — -— . — — 

Uridine 

Uridine triphosphate 

l-Vinyl-2-pyrrolldtnone iodine complex monomer 

•Vitamins : 

•A, from all sources: 

A acetate ~ 

A acetate (feed grade) 

A alcohol 

A esters (natural) 

A palmitate 

A palmitate (feed supplement) 



GAN. 

GAN. 

MAL. 

NEP. 

GAN, LEW, SRL. 

GAN. 

MAL. 

LKL. 

MAL. 

MCH. 

ACY. 

SBR. 

PFZ. 

PFZ. 



LIL. 
WYT. 

BKC. 
BKC. 
MRK. 
QMS. 



OMS, SCH. 

FBS. 
ABB. 
PBS. 
SPC. 



ACY, SBR. 






FMF. 






SBR. 






PBS. 






GAF. 






HOF, MRK, 


PFZ, 


X 


HOF. 






CW. 






X. 






HOF, MRK, 


PFZ, 


X 


EK, HOF, 


PFZ. 





MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



13) 



TABLE 13B.- 



■ Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, i960— Continued 



MEDICINAL CHHCCAI^, CYCLIC—Continued 
Allcyclic and Welcrocyc lie- -Continued 

^Vitamins — Continued 

P-Carotene 

*Bi (Thiamine derivatives): 

f Thiamine hydrochloride) 

(Thiamine nitrate) 

B2: 

(Riboflavin-5'-phosphate, monosodium salt) (100%) 

»(Riboflavin for human consumption) (100%) 

*(Riboflavin for animal and poultry consumption) (100%) 

*"B6 (Pyridoxlne) 

»Bi2, IOO56: 

Feed grade 

Pharmaceutical quality 

U.S. P. Crystalline 

»D2 (Irradiated ergosterol) 

»D3 (Irradiated animal sterol) 

E (a -Tocopherol) 

E (a -Tocopherol acetate) 

Biotin 

Folic acid 

Inositol 

»Niacin (Nicotinic acid) 

^■Niacinamide 

Niacinamide hydrochloride 

*Niootinlc acid (animal feed) 

Nicotinic acid, sodium salt 

Xylose 

MEDICINAL CHEmCALS, ACYCLIC 

Acetylcarbromal (l-Aoetyl-3-(2-bromo-2-ethylbutyryl)urea) -■ 

Acetylcholine bromide 

Acetylcholine chloride 

»Acetylmethiord.ne 

Acetyl-p-methylcholine chloride 

»Amino acids: 

dl-Alanine (dl-a -Alanine) 

*3-Alanine 

dl-Aspartic acid 

1-Cysteine hydrochloride 

Glutamic acid and salts: 

1(+) -Glutamic acid 

l(+) -Glutamic acid, calcium salt 

l(+) -Glutamic acid hydrochloride 

1( +) -Glutamic acid, monoammonium salt 

l(+) -Glutamic acid, monopotassium salt 

dl-Glut amine 

Glycine (Aminoacetic acid) 

Glycine hydrochloride 

2-Hydroxy-'i-(methylthio)butyric acid, calcium salt 

1-Isoleucine 

dl-Leuclne 

1-Leucine 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



HOF 


MRK. 








HOF 


MRK. 








HOF 










GPR 


HOF, 


MRK. 






COM 


GPR, 


HOF, 


MRK, 


PBS. 


HOF, 


MRK. 








BIF, 


COM, 


GPR, 


MRK, 


PBS. 


BIF, 


MRK. 








MRK. 










DGS, 


DLI, 


GNM, 


SCR, 


VTM. 


DGS, 


DLI, 


NOP, 


VTM. 




HOF. 










HOF. 










HOF. 










ABB, 


ACY, 


UP J. 






CRN, 


STA. 








ABB, 


ACP, 


KPT, 


MRK, 


NOP, SCR 


ABB, 


MRK, 


NEP, 


SCR. 




NEP. 










CKL, 


KPT, 


NEP. 






MRK, 


NEP. 








PFN. 










BKL, 


las,. 








EK. 










pn,. 










DOW, 


PYL, 


USI. 






PYL, 


RSA. 








DOW. 










ABB, 


BFG, 


NOP. 






HEX, 


NAC. 








PUL. 










HPC, 


IMC. 








LEM. 










IMC, 


LEM. 








GNM. 










IMC. 










LIL. 










BPC, 


DOW. 








EK. 










DUP. 










DOW. 










DOW. 










STA. 











132 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 13B. 



-Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, i960~ Continued 



Manufacturers' identification oodee 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

«Aiiilno acids — Continued 

l(+) -lysine hydrochloride 

dl-Methionlne 

Methionine (animal feed grade) 

dl-Threonine 

dl-Valine 

1-Valine 

Amino acid mixtures 

Amyl nitrite (Isoamyl nitrite) 

Betaine base 

«Betaine hydrochloride 

Bromoform (Tribromomethane) 

Cacodylic acid derivatives: 

Iron cacodylate 

Sodium cacodylate 

Calcium bromolactobionate 

Calcium lactophosphate 

Calcium succinate 

Carbromal (3-(2-Bromo-2-ethylbutyryl)urea) 

Chloretone (tert-Triohlorobutyl alcohol) 

3-Chloromercuri-2-methoxypropylurea 

P -Chlorovinylethylethynyl carbinol 

»Choline and salts: 

Choline 

Choline bicarbonate 

Choline bitartrate 

^Choline chloride, for animal and poultry feed, and for 
use as an intermediate. 

Choline chloride, medicinal grade only 

Choline dlhydrogen citrate 

Choline trlcitrate 

Diallylacetic acid 

Diallylacetic acid, bismuth salt 

Di(2-ethylhexyl)3ulfosuccinate 

2,3-Dimercapto-l-propanol (Dimercaprol) 

Divinyl ether 

Ethyl carbamate (Urethane) 

2-Ethyl-cis-crotonylurea 

Ethylenediamine diiodide 

Ethyl iodide 

Ethyl nitrite 

Gluconic acid salts: 

Ammonium gluconate 

Calcium glucoheptonate 

Calcium gluconate 

Copper gluconate 

Iron (ferrous) gluconate 

Magnesium gluconate 

Manganese gluconate 

Potassium gluconate 

Sodium gluconate 

Glucono-6-lactone 

Glucosamine hydrochloride 



DUP, 
DOW, 
DOW, 
SDW. 
DOW. 
SBR. 
CUT, 
MAL. 
HFT. 
HFT, 
DOW. 

PYL. 
PYL. 
PYL. 
MAL. 
LEM, 
MLS. 
BPC, 
LKL. 
ABB. 



COM. 
ACY, 
COM, 

CFC, 
ACY, 
ACY, 



ACY. 
RSA. 
MRK. 
FMP. 
MLS. 
PYL. 
EK, : 
MAL. 

PFZ. 
PFN. 
DU, 
PFZ. 
PFZ. 
PFZ. 
PFZ. 
PFZ. 
DLI, 
PFZ. 
PFZ. 



MRK, PFZ. 

LEM. 
DUP. 



IMC, LEM. 



PEN. 
FBS. 



CFC, HFT. 
HFT, RH. 

HFT. 

CFC, HFT. 
CFC. 



MAL, PFZ. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



133 



TABLE 13B. — Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 2960— Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINAL CHEMICAI5, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Glutathione (oxidized) 

Glutathione (reduced) 

Glutathione, monosodium salt 

Glycerophosphoric acid 

Hexamethyldiaminolsopropanol diiodide 

Hexamethylenebls[trimethylaiiimoniuin chloride] (Hexamethonium 
chloride ) . 

2-Hydroxy-4-methylisotFUtyric acid, calcium salt 

Iodoform 

lodomethanesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Iron (ferrous) oxalate 

Lactic acid salts (medicinal grades only) : 

Aluminum lactate 

Iron (ferrous) lactate 

Lecithin 

Magnesium citrate 

Malononitrile 

2-Methyl-2-sec-l)utyl-l,3-propanediol dicarbamate 

Methylenecltric acid and salts 

Methylene Iodide 

Methyl iodide 

3-Methyl-3-pentanol carbamate 

2-Methyl-2-propyl-l,3-propanediol 

d-Pantolactone (d-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutyric acid, 

Y-lactone) . 
Pantolactone (2,4-Dthydroxy-3,3-dlmethylbutyrlc 
acid, Y-lactone) (racemic). 

2-Propylvalerio acid, bismuth salt 

Hibose-5-phosphate, barium and sodium salt 

Sodium bismuth triglycolamate 

Sodium succinate 

Sodium tartrate 

Succinyloholine dichloride 

Tetramethylaramoalum chloride 

Tetramethylammonium hydroxide 

Thlosemicarbazide 

»Tranquilizers : 2-Methyl-2-n-propyl-l,3-propanediol 
dicarbamate. 

2,2,2-Tribromoethanol 

Trliodoethionic acid 

•Vitamins : 

•Ascorbic acid and derivatives : 

•Ascorbic acid 

Ascorbic acid, calcium salt 

Ascorbic acid, sodium salt 

Ascorbyl palmitate 

•Pantothenic acid and derivatives : 

Pantothenic acid 

Pantothenic acid, d-calcium salt 

•Pantothenic acid, dl-caloium salt 

Pantothenic acid, sodium salt 

d-Pantothenyl alcohol (a,Y-Dihydroxy-N-(3-hydroxy- 

propyl)-p,P-dlmethylbutyramide) . 
dl-Pantothenyl alcohol 



SBR. 

SBR. 

SBR. 

HN. 

SDW. 

HEX. 

MON. 

MAL, PEN. 
SDW. 
BKL. 

PYL. 

MAL. 

UP J. 

MAL. 

GAM, KF. 

x. 

SDW. 

SDW. 

EK, RSA. 

MRK. 

ABB. 

PD. 

ABB, PD. 



PEN. 






MAL. 






BUR, 


SDW. 




EK, 


RSA. 




RSA. 


. 




FMT, 


PYL. 




ABB, 


BKL, 


FBS, PEN, X. 


SDW. 






SCH. 






HOF, 


MRK, 


PFZ. 


PFZ. 






HOF, 


MRK, 


PFZ. 


PFZ. 






DLL 






ACY, 


MRK, 


PD, X. 


ABB, 


CKL, 


HFT, LIL, MRK, NOP 


PD. 






HOF. 







134 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 
Flavor and Perfume Materials 



TABLE 14B. — Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1960 

[Flavor and perfume materials for which separate statistics are given in table 14-A are marked below with an asterisk 
(*); those not so marked do not appear in table l-iA because the reported data are accepted In confidence and may 
not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23] 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC 
Benzenoid and NaphthaUnoid 

2' -Acetonaphthone (Methyl p-naphthyl ketone) 

Aoetophenone 

7-Acetyl-6-ethyl-l,l,4.,4-tetramethyl-l,2,3,A-tetrahydro- 
naphthalene . 

»4-Allylveratrole (Eugenyl methyl ether) 

»Anethole (p-Propenylanisole) 

»p-Anisaldehyde (p-Methoxybenzaldehyde) 

Anisole (Methyl phenyl ether) 

Anisyl acetate 

Anisyl alcohol 

*Benzophenone 

^Benzyl acetate 

»Benzyl alcohol 

»Benzyl benzoate 

Benzyl butyrate 

»Benzyl cinnamate 

Benzyl ether 

Benzyl isoeugenyl ether 

Benzyl isopentyl ether 

Benzyl phenylacetate (Benzyl a -toluate) 

»Benzyl propionate 

■»Benzyl salicylate 

a-Bromostyrene 

"4 ' - tert-Butyl-2 ' , 6 '- dime thy 1-3 ' , 5 ' -dini troace tophenone 

(Musk ketone) . 
6-tert-Butyl-3-methyl-2,'4-dinitroanisole (Mask ambrette)-- 
p-tert-Butyl-a-methylhydrocinjiamaldehyde (a-Methyl-P- 

(p-tert-butylphenyl)propionaldehyde) . 
5-tert-Butyl-l,2,3-trimethyl-4,6-dlnitrobenzene (5-tert- 
Butyl-4,5-dinitrohemimellitene) . 

5-tert-Butyl-2, 4, 6-trinltro-m- xylene (Musk xylol) 

Carvacrol (2-p-Cymenol) 

*Cinnamaldehyde 

Cinnamlc acid 

Cinnamyl acetate 

«Cinnamyl alcohol 

Cinnamyl anthranilate 

Cinnamyl cinnamate 

Cinnamyl formate 

Cinnamyl isovalerate 

trans-Decahydro-2-naphthol 

p,a-Dimethylbenzyl alcohol (p-Methylphenylmethylcarbinol)- 

a,a-Dimethylphenethyl acetate 

a., a-Dimethylphenethyl alcohol 

a,a-Dimethyl-3-phenyl-l-propanol 

a,a-Dimethyl-3-phenyl-l-propyl acetate 

4,6-Dinitro-l,l,3,3,5-pentamethylindan 

Diphenylme thane 

»2-Ethoxynaphthalene (Ethyl [i-naphthyl ether) 



GTV, 


TBK. 








GIV, 


TBK. 








FBS, 


GIV, 


TBK. 






GIV, 


GLD, 


HNW, 


HPC, 


UNG. 


FBS, 


GIV, 


OPC, 


TBK. 




GIV. 










GIV, 


TBK. 








GIV, 


TBK. 








FBS, 


GIV, 


OPC, 


TBK. 




GIV, 


OPC, 


SHL, 


TBK. 




BPC, 


GIV, 


OPC, 


SHL, 


TBK, TNP 


GIV, 


MON, 


OPC, 


TBK, 


TNP. 


TBK. 










FBS, 


GIV, 


TBK. 






GIV, 


OPC. 








GIV, 


TBK. 








GIV. 










TBK. 










FBS, 


GIV, 


OPC, 


TBK. 




GIV, 


OPC, 


TBK. 






TBK. 










GIV. 










GIV. 










GIV. 










GIV. 










GIV. 










GIV. 










FB, 


FBS, 


GIV, 


OPC, 


TBK. 


BPC. 










GIV, 


TBK. 








FB, 


GIV, 


NEO, 


RDA, 


TBK. 


FEL, 


GIV. 








TBK. 










FEL, 


TBK. 








TBK. 










IFF. 










GIV. 










GIV, 


IFF, 


TBK. 






IFF. 










IFF, 


TBK. 








TBK. 










GIV. 










TBK. 










FBS, 


GIV, 


TBK. 







FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 



135 



TABLE 14B. — Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Benzenoid and /Vap/itha/eno id- -Continued 

Ethyl anisate 

Ethyl anthranilate 

Ethyl benzoate 

Ethyl cinnamate 

»Ethyl a,i -epoxy-|;-methylhydrocinnamate 

2-EthyLhexyl salicylate 

Ethyl p-methoxyoinnainate 

Ethyl 'i -phenylglycidate 

Ethyl salicylate 

Ethylvanillin 

»Eugenol 

Hexylcinnamaldehyde 

Hydra tropaldehyde (a-Phenylpropionaldehyde) 

Hydratropaldehyde, dimethyl acetal 

»Isobutyl phenylacetate (Isobutyl a-toluate) 

*Isobutyl salicylate 

»Isoeugenol 

Isoeugenyl acetate 

»Isopentyl salicylate (Amyl salicylate) 

p-Isopropylbenzaldehyde ( Cumaldehyde ) 

»p-Isopropyl-a-methylhydroolnnaiiialdehyde (Cyclamen alde- 
hyde). 

«^-Methoxyacetophenone 

2-Methoxynaphthalene (Methyl (j-naphthyl ether) 

p-Methylaoetophenone (Methyl p-tolyl ketone) 

p-Methylanisole (p-Cresyl methyl ether) 

«Methyl anthranilate 

Methyl benzoate 

•a-Methylbenzyl acetate 

p-Methylbenzyl acetate 

a-Methylcinnamaldehyde 

Methyl cinnamate 

Methyl N-methylanthranllate (Dimethyl anthranilate) 

Methyl phenylacetate (Methyl a-toluate) 

"Methyl salicylate (Synthetic wintergreen oil) 

«a-Pentylcinnamaldehyde (a-Amylcinnamaldehyde) 

»Phenethyl acetate 

Phenethyl alcohol 

Phenethyl formate 

*Phenethyl Isobutyrate 

Phenethyl isovalerate 

Phenethyl methacrylate 

Phenethyl phenylacetate (Phenethyl a -toluate) 

Phenethyl propionate 

Phenethyl salicylate 

»2-Phenoxyethyl isobutyrate 

Phenylacetaldehyde (*-Tolualdehyde) 

Phenylacetaldehyde, dimethyl acetal 

o-Phenylanisole (2-Methoxybiphenyl) 

'l-Phenyl-3-buten-2-one (Benzylidene acetone) 

3-Phenyl-l-propanol (Hydrocinnamic alcohol) 

3-Phenyl-l-propyl acetate 

»4-Propenylveratrole (Isoeugenyl methyl ether) 

Salicylaldehyde 



FBS. 








FMT. 








TBK. 








GIV, TBK 








FEL, GIV, 


TBK, VPC 






FEL. 








GIV. 








TBK. 








TBK. 








MON. 








FB, FBS, 


GIV, LUE, 


NEO, PEN, RT, TBK, 


UNG, VLY 


GIV, IFF, 


TBK. 






GIV, TBK 








GIV. 








FB, GIV, 


MYW, TBK. 






FB, GIV, 


OPC, TBK. 






FB, GIV, 


SHL, TBK, 


VLY. 




TBK. 








FB, FBS, 


GIV, TBK. 






GIV, VPC 








GIV, OPC, 


RDA, TBK 


VPC. 




FBS, GIV, 


TBK. 






CrV, TBK. 








TBK. 








GIV, TBK. 








FB, DOW, 


GIV, MEE, 


OPC, UNG. 




HN, TBK. 








GIV, TBK, 


VLY. 






FBS. 








GIV, VPC. 








FBS, TBK. 








GIV. 








GIV, TBK. 








DOW, HN, 


MON, PEN. 






GIV, IFF, 


NEO, RDA 


TBK, VLY. 




GIV, IFF, 


NEO. 






GIV, IFF, 


OPC. 






IFF. 








GIV, IFF, 


TBK. 






FB, GIV. 








GIV. 








IFF, TBK. 








IFF. 








IFF. 








GIV, IFF, 


TBK. 






GIV, TBK. 








GIV, TBK. 








GIV, IFF. 








TBK. 








GIV, TBK. 








GIV, TBK. 








FBS, GIV, 


TBK. 






DOW. 









136 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE lAB.— Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC—Continued 
Bemenoid and NaphthaUnoid- -Continued 

l,2,3,6-Tetraliydro-2,3,5-trimetliylbenzaldehyde 

p-Tolualdehyde (p-Methylbenzaldehyde) 

p-Tolyl acetate (p-Cresyl acetate) 

p-Tolyl isobutyrate (p-Cresyl isobutyrate) 

p-Tolyl phenylaoetate (p-Cresyl a -toluate) 

a-(Trlohloromethyl)benzyl acetate (Rosetone) 

p-a,a-Trimethylphenethyl alcohol 

Vanillin 

Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, andAlicyclic 

Allyl ionone 

Bomyl acetate 

4-tert-Butylcyelohexyl acetate 

Carvone (Carvol) 

Caryophyllene 

Cedrol 

*Cedryl acetate 

»Citral (Geranial) 

Citronellal 

«Citronellol 

Citronellyl acetate 

Citronellyl butyrate 

«Citronellyl formate 

Citronellyl isobutyrate 

ffCoumarin 

Cyclohexadecanolide 

Cyclopentanone 

Dlhydroterplnyl acetate 

»Ethyl oxyhydrate 

itGeraniol 

<Geranyl acetate 

Geranyl butyrate 

*Geranyl fonnate : 

Geranyl phenylacetate (Geranyl a-toluate) 

2-Hexyl-2-cyclopenten-l-one 

■»Hydrocoumarin (3,A-Dlhydrocouiiiarin) 

«Hydroxycitronellal 

*Hydroxycitronellal, dimethyl acetal 

Indole 

»Ionones: 

i«a-Ionone 

*P -Ionone 

»Ionone (a- andp-) 

Isobomeol (Isobomyl alcohol) 

«Isobomyl acetate 

Isobutylquinoline 

Isopropylquinoline 

Isopulegol 

Isosafrole 

d-XJjnonene 

»Linalool 

»Linalyl acetate 

Llnalyl benzoate 



IFF. 

GIV, HN. 

GIV, IFF, TBK. 

IFF. 

GIV, TBK. 

FBS, OPC, TBK. 

IFF. 

MON, SLV. 



GIV. 

FEL, 

DOW, 

FB, 

GIV, 

GIV, 

GIV, 

FB, 

FB, 

FB, 

GIV, 

GIV, 

FB, 

GIV, 

DOW, 

IFF, 

ARA, 

GIV. 

FEL, 

FB, 

FEL, 

GIV, 

GIV, 

GIV; 

IFF, 
FBS, 
GIV, 
FB, 
GIV. 

GIV, 

MYW, 

GIV, 

RDA, 

GIV, 

FMT, 

FMT. 

GIV, 

GIV, 

FLA, 

FB, 

FB, 

FMT. 



GIV. 
IFF. 

FRM, 

GLD. 

IFF, 

IFF, 

GIV, 

GIV, 

FBS, 

IFF, 

GIV, 
TBK. 
MON, 



FLO, 

GIV, 

GIV, 

IFF, 
TBK. 

GIV, 

GLD, 

GIV, 



OPC. 

TBK, VLY. 

TBK, UNG. 
LUE, NEC, RT, TBK, UNG. 
TBK. 
GIV, GLD, IFF, OPC, TBK, VLY. 

TBK, VLY. 

IFF, TBK. 
NEO, RDA, TBK. 



LUE, RT, VMD, VPC. 
GLD, IFF, OPC, SHL, TBK, UNG, VLY. 
, IFF, NEO, TBK, UNG, VLY. 



TBK, VLY. 



TBK. 

NEO, TBK, VLY. 
TBK. 



IFF, 
NEO, 
IFF, 
TBK. 
OPC, 
IFF. 

VLY. 

OPC. 

RT, 
FEL, 
GIV, 



MYW, TBK. 

TBK. 

MYW, NEO, TBK, UNG, VLY. 

RDA, TBK, UNG. 



GIV, GLD, HOF, IFF, NEO, TBK, UNG. 
GLD, HOF, LUE, NEO, TBK, UNG. 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 



137 



TABLE 14B. — Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIAI^, CYCLIC— Continued 
Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and 4iicyciic--Continued 

Linalyl cinnamate 

Linalyl isobutyrate 

Linalyl propionate 

«Menthol, synthetic: 

Tech 

U.S.P - — - 

Menthone 

Menthyl acetate 

6-Methylcoumarin 

*Methylionones : 

Methyl-a-ionone 

Methyllonone (a- andp-) 

Methyl-6-ionone 

Methyl-Y-ionone 

»Nerol 

Nopyl acetate 

Phellandrene 

»Piperonal (Heliotropin) 

»Rhodinol 

Rhodinyl acetate 

Rhodinyl formate 

Safrole 

Santalol 

Sweeteners, synthetic: 

Cyclohexanesulfamic acid 

Cyclohexanesulfamic acid, calcium salt 

Cyclohexanesulfamic acid, sodium salt 

Saccharin 

Saccharin, calcium salt 

Saccharin, sodium salt 

»Terpineols : 

a-Terpineol 

P-Terpineol 

Terpineol (a- and P-) 

Terpinol hydrate (Terpin hydrate), tech 

»Terpinyl acetate 

Terplnyl propionate 

3,5,5-Trimethylcyclohexanol 

Vetivenol 

»Vetivenyl acetate 

FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC 

Allyl heptanoate (Allyl enanthate) 

»Allyl hexanoate (Allyl caproate) 

Allylionone 

Allyl isothiocyanate (Synthetic mustard oil) 

Alljrl sulfide (Diallyl sulfide) 

Butyl butyrate 

Butyl isobutyrate 

Butyl isovalerate 

Butyrone (Di-n-propyl ketone) 

Decanal (Capraldehyde) (Cio) 

Diethyl sebaoate (Ethyl sebacate) 

Diethyl tridecanedioate (Ethylene brassylate) 

3,6-Dimethyl-3-ootanol 



TBK. 

GIV, TBK. 
GIV. 

FBS, GIV. 

GIV, GLD, HNW, NEO. 

GIV, HNW, NEO. 

GIV. 

GIV. 



GIV, 
GIV, 
TBK. 
TBK. 
GLD, 
DOW. 
FBS. 
GIV, 
FB, 
FB, 
GIV. 
FB, 
GIV, 

ABB. 



IFF, MYW. 

IFF, MYW, NEO, TBK, UNO, VLY. 



IFF, TBK. 



OPC, PEN, SHL, TBK. 
FEL, GIV, IFF, LUE, NEO, RDA, SHL, TBK, VLY. 
GIV, IFF. 

GIV, PEN. 
IFF. 



ABB. 

MEE, MON. 
MEE. 
MEE, MON. 

GLD, HNW, HPC. 

HNW. 

GIV, NEO. 

HPC. 

GIV, HNW, OPC, RDA, TBK, UNG. 

GIV, TBK. 

FBS, OPC. 

GIV, TBK. 

FB, GIV, IFF, NEO, TBK, 



TBK. 

FB, GIV, RT, TBK. 

TBK. 

FBS, MRT, OPC. 

RT. 

TBK. 

TBK. 

TBK. 

TBK. 

GIV, TBK. 

FEL, TBK. 

RDA, TBK. 

AIR. 



608094 O -61 - 10 



138 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 14B. ■ 



-Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

3,7-Dimethyl-l-octanol 

Dimethyl succinate 

»Ethyl butyrate 

Ethyl heptanoate (Ethyl enanthate) 

Ethyl hexanoate (Ethyl caproate) 

Ethyl isovalerate 

Ethyl laurate 

Ethyl nonanoate (Ethyl pelargonate) 

Glutamic acid, monopotassium salt 

^•Glutamio acid, monosodium salt (Monosodium glutamate) 

Heptanal ( Enanthaldehyde ) (C7) 

Heptyl ether (Enanthic ether) 

Hexyl acetate 

3-Hydroxy-2-butanone (Acetoin) 

<4-Hydroxynonanoio acid, Y-l^^'tone (y-Nonalactone) 

4-}fydroxyoctanoio acid, y-lactone (y -Octalactone ) 

«<-Iftrdroxyundecanoic acid, y-lactone (y-Undecalactbne) 

»Isopentyl butyrate (Amyl butyrate) 

Isopentyl formate (Amyl formate) 

Isopentyl heptanoate (Amyl caproate) 

Isopentyl isovalerate (Amyl isovalerate) 

Lauraldehyde (Dodecyl aldehyde) (C12) 

6-Methyl-5-hepten-2-one 

2-Methylundecanal (2-Methylnonylacetaldehyde) 

Nonanal (Pelargonaldehyde) (C9) 

Nonanol 

Nonyl acetate 

Ootanal (Caprylaldehyde) (Ce) 

n-Octyl acetate 

»n-Octyl isobutyrate 

Trimethylundeoenal 

Undecanal (Hendeoanaldehyde) (Cn) 

Undecenal ( Hendecenaldehyde ) 

9-Undecen-l-ol (Hendecenol) 

Valerolaotone 

CHMICALLY MODIFIED ESSENTIAL OILS 

Citronella oil, acetone condensation product 

Citronella oil, acetylated 

Formylated eucalyptus oil, distillated 

Formylated palmarosa oils, distillated 

Geranium oil Isopropyl alooholysis product 

Guaiao wood acetate 

Lavandin, acetylated 

Rosemary oil, acetylated 

Sassafras oil, hydrogenated 

Spike lavender oil, acetylated 



GIV, 


TBK. 


FBS. 




FB, 


NW, RT, TBK. 


FEL, 


TBK. 


NW. 




FB. 




FB. 




TBK. 




GRW. 




GRW, 


HPC, IMC, MRK, STA 


BAC, 


WTM. 


TBK. 




TBK. 




FMT. 




GIV, 


TBK. 


GIV, 


TBK. 


FB, 


GIV, TBK. 


FB, 


GIV, NW, RT, TBK. 


RT, 


TBK. 


FEL. 




FB. 




GIV, 


TBK. 


GIV, 


TBK. 


GIV, 


TBK. 


GIV, 


TBK. 


TBK. 




TBK. 




GIV 


TBK. 


FB, 


TBK. 


FB, 


FBS, TBK. 


VPC. 




GIV 


TBK. 


GIV 


TBK. 


GIV 


TBK. 


GIV 




CP. 




FB. 




CP. 




CP. 




CP. 




TBK 




FEL 




FB, 


UNG. 


GIV 





PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 
Plastics and Resin Materials 



139 



TABLE l^B. --Plastics and resin materials for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1960 

[Plastics and resin materials for which separate statistics are given in table 15A are marked belo* with an asterisk 
( ») ; chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 15A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and 
may not be published. Manufacturers' Identification codes shovm below are taken from table 23. An x signifies that 
the man\ifacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, BENZENOID 

»Coumarone-lndene resins 

Epoxy resins: 

^Unmodified 

»Jfodlfied 

^Petroleum polymer and condensation resins 

^Phenolic and other tar-acid resins : 
»Unnodif led : 

»Cresols-formaldehyde 

*Cresyllc acid-formaldehyde 

»Phenol(and substituted phenols) -formaldehyde — 



«Resorclnol-formaldehyde 

All other unmodified phenolic and other tar-acid resins 

»Modlf led : 

«Phenol(and substituted phenols) -formaldehyde with 

modifiers (except rosin). 
»Rosin and rosin esters modified with phenolic and other 
tar-acid resins (hard resins). 
All other modified phenolic and other tar-acid resins — 
»Phthalic alkyd resins : 

^Unmodified 



•Polyester reslns- 



»Polyurethane and dllaocyanate reslns- 



ACP, DSO, NEV, NSP, PAI. 

DOW, JOD, RCI, SHC, TRC, UCP. 

ACP, AMF, APV, ARO, BEN, CPL, CPV, DSO, m, FRE, GE, 
GEI, OLD, GRV, HAP, ICF, IOC, JOB, MCC, MID, MHP, 
MRB, MRW, OSB, PPG, RAB, RCI, REL, SED, SRR, SVC, 
S*, UCP, WAS, WTT. 

ACC, ACP, CFX, DSO, ENJ, KPI, NEV, NSP, PAI, VEL, VSV. 



BME, BOR, CD, EH, OLD, ICF, NVF, RAB, RCI, SCN, UCP, 
VAR. 

CAT, CD, EW, FCD, FOM, ICF, MID, RAB, RCD, SCN, SPL, 
TAT, UCP, VAR. 

ABS, ACP, ADM, AMR, BGC, BME, BOR, CAT, CD, DEP, DSO, 
EVM, EH, FOM, GE, GEI, GLD, GPC, GRG, HER, HKD, HVG, 
ICF, INL, IRC, IRI, KND, KRM, MID, MMM, MRB, MTC, 
NPP, NVF, PLS, PYR, PYZ, RAB, RCI, RGC, RH, SCN, SIM, 
SPL, SW, SYR, SYV, UCP, VAR, WCA, 'ITEV, WRD, WTT. 

AMR, BOR, CAT, KPC, PGU, RCI, SCN, UCP. 

ACP, BOH, CAT, CD, GE, ICF, MTC, NVF, RAB, RCD, RCI, 
RGC, SPL, UCP, WAS. 

ABS, ACP, ACR, AKL, CAT, CIK, CPR, E.V, GE, NPP, NTC, 
NVF, OCF, OSB, PPG, RAB, RCI, RE2, HH, SCN, SNC, UCP. 

ACP, MM, ML, BOR, CD, CPV, DAV, DSO, FCD, GIL, GLD, 
HPC, KRM, RCI, RH, SCN, SW. 

ADM, CBC, GE, KPC, REZ, RCI, SCN, UCP, VSV, WTT. 

ABR, ACP, ACT, ADM, AKL, AMF, AMK, APV, ARO, BEN, BOY, 
CEN, CIK, CM, CPL, CPV, CRO, DAV, DSO, DUP, EW, FAR, 
FCD, FL^, FRE, GE, GEI, GIL, GLD, GRV, HAN, HPC, HRS, 
ICF, JAM, JOB, JOD, JWL, KEL, KPV, KYN, LON, MCC, 
MCW, MID, Ura, MNP, MR, MRW, NON, NTL, OB, ONX, ORG, 
OSB, PPG, PRT, RCI, RED, REL, RH, RMC, RPC, SCF, SCN, 
SED, SIP, SPP, SRR, STT, SVC, SW, TV, UCP, VTV, WAS, 
WEV, WPC, WTT, X. 

ACP, ACY, ADM, AKL, AMF, APV, ARO, BAL, BEN, BOY, BRU, 
CEN, CIK, CM, CPV, CRO, DAV, DSO, DUN, DUP, EW, FLW, 
FRE, FSH, GEI, GIL, GLD, GRG, GRV, HPC, HRS, ICF, 
JAM, JOD, JSC, JWL, KRM, KYN, LON, MCC, MCW, MID, 
UJM, MMM, MNP, MR, MRW, NON, OB, ORO, OSB, PER, PFP, 
PPG, PRT, RCI, RED, REL, RH, RMC, SCF, SCN, SED, SIP, 
SPP, SRR, Sn, SVC, SW, TV, UCP, VTV, WEV, x. 

ACP, ACR, ACY, ADM, AKL, AMR, APD, ARO, BRR, CEL, CIK, 
COR, CPR, CPV, DAV, DSO, DUP, EPC, EW, FMP, FRE, GE, 
GEI, GLD, GNT, GRG, GHV, GYR, HKD, ICF, MCW, MFG, 
MDB, UPC, NOP, ORO, OSB, PLU, PPG, RCI, REL, RH, SCN, 
SW, USR, WTC. 

ACP, ADM, AMF, 3FG, CWN, DSO, DUP, FPI, FRE, GLD, GNT, 
HAP, UDB, MRB, NOP, PEL, WTC, WTT. 



140 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 15B. — Plastics and resin materials for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in tatle 23) 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIAI£, 
BENZENOID— Continued 

»StyTene and styrene derivative polymer and copolymer 
resins : 

Polymethyl styrene 

^Polystyrene 

*Styrene-acrylonltrile copolymer 

*StyTene-aliyd polyesters (for pixitective coatings) — 

»Styrene-butadiene copolymer: 

»Latexes 

All other 

»Styrene-divinyl'benzene copolymer 

All other styrene and styrene derivative polymer and 
copolymer resins . 

Toluenesulfonamide resins 

All other benzenoid plastics and resin materials 

PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIAIS, NONBENZENOID 

»Acetone-formaldehyde resins 

Acrylic resins : 

Polymethylmethacrylate resins 

All other acrylic resins 

«Al]syd resins (except phthalic) : 

♦Unmodified 



*Jtodlf led : 

♦Rosin and rosin esters, modified with maleic and 
fumarlc acids only (hard resins). 



All other modified aliyd resins 

»Dicyandiamide resins 

*Polyamide resins 

Polychloroethylene and polyfluoroethylene resins 
♦Polyethylene resins : 

♦High-pressure process 

♦Low-pressure process 

♦Polypropylene resins 

Polyterpene resins 

♦Rosin modifications: 

♦Rosin adduct resins 

♦Rosin and rosin esters, unmodified: 

♦Esterlfied with glycerol 

♦Esterified with other alcohols 

All other rosin modifications 



ACC, ACY. 

ACP, ATL, CSD, DOW, FG, GOR, KPP, MTC, PLA, RCC, SHC, 

SOL, TIC, UBS, UCP, UNC. 
ACY, BFG, CSD, DOW, MTC, UCP, USR. 
ACP, ACY, ADM, APV, BOR, CPV, DSO, DUP, EW, FCD, FRE, 

OLD, GRV, ICF, JOD, KEL, MIC, PPG, RCI, REL, RH, 

SCN, SPP, SW. 

ACP, DOW, FIR, GNT, GHD, GYR, KPP, USR, x. 

ATL, BFG, DSO, ENJ, FIR, GYR, MCB, USR. 

ACP, CPH, DOW, IOC, POL, RH. 

ACY, ARO, CAT, DOW, DUP, ENJ, FIR, FRE, OLD, GNT, GYR, 

JSC, MCW, MTC, ONX, PAI, PPG, HH, SW, UCP, UBS, USR, 

WAS, X. 
ACY, MON. 

AKL, APC, DUP, IOC, NEV, NVF, RH. 



ACY, IOC, RCI, UCP. 

ACO, CAT, DOW, DSO, DUP, ICF, RCI, RH, SAR, SCS, USP. 
ACY, ALC, APV, ARO, CAT, DOW, DSO, DUP, GLD, GNT, ICF, 
JSC, NTL, RCI, RH, RMC, TRC, UBS, UCP, VAL, WIC. 

ACP, ACY, ADM, AKL, AMF, APV, BAl, BEN, CIK, CM, CPL, 
CPV, DSO, DUN, DUP, EW, FLW, FRE, GEI, GLD, GRV, 
HPC, ICF, JAM, MCC, MCW, MR, ORO, OSB, PPG, PRT, RH, 
SPP, SRR, SW, WTC. 

ACP, ADM, AKL, APV, BAL, CBY, CEN, CM, CPT, CPV, DAV, 
DSO, DUN, FAR, FCD, FLW, FSH, GIL, GLD, GRV, HPC, 
JAM, JOD, KRM, MCC, MCW, MID, MR, OSB, PPG, RCI, 
RED, REL, RH, SCF, SCN, SCS, SRR, SW, WAS. 

ADM, AMF, AMR, BRD, CPV, DSO, FCD, FLW, GEI, GLD, GRV, 
ICF, KYN, LON, MJM, MMM, OSB, PPG, RCI, REL, RMC, 
STT, SW, TV, UCP, VTV, WEV. 

ACY, APX, CRC, DEP, GGY, JSC, MRA, NOP, RPC, TRC, VAL, 
WIC. 

BCI, DUP, FIR, GNM, NAC, POL, SPN. 

DUP, FIR, MMM. 

ACP, DOW, DUP, EKX, KPP, MTC, SPN, UCC, USI. 

ACP, CEL, DOW, DUP, GRP, HPC, KPP, PLC, UCC. 

ACP, AVS, EKX, ENJ, HPC. 

ACP, GLD, PAI, SCN. 

ACP, ADM, AKL, APV, BEN, CIK, GLD, OSB, SCN, SW. 

ADM, AKL, CBY, CIK, CPV, DAV, FCD, GIL, GLD, HPC, KRM, 

MCC, OB, RCI. 
ACP, ADM, AKL, BRD, CBY, CPV, DSO, FAR, GLD, HPC, MMM, 

MRW, OSB, RCI, SCN, SRR, SW, WAS. 
ACP, CPV, DUN, FCD, GRV, ICF, MMM, ONX, PPG, RCI, UCP, 

VSV, WAS. 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 



TABLE 15B.-- '^^astics and resin materials for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer , 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PLASTICS AM3 RESIN MATERIALS, NONBENZENOID— Continued 

^Silicone resins 

»Urea and melamine resins : 

»\felainine-formaldehyde type 

«Urea- formaldehyde type 



»Vinyl and vinyl copolymer resins : 

■^Polyvinyl acetate 

^Polyvinyl alcohol 

Polyvinyl butyral 

*Polyvinyl chloride and copolymers : 

Polyvinyl chloride 

Polyvinyl chloride-acetate copolymer 

All other polyvinyl chloride and copolymer resins- 

Polyvinyl chloride-vinylidene chloride copolymer 

Polyvinyl formal 

All other vinyl and vinyl copolymer resins 

All other nonbenzenoid plastics and resin materials — 



ACP, DCC, SPD, UCS. 

ACP, ACy, CAT, CDF, CPV, DUP, FOM, GLD, MFC, PPG, RCI, 
RH, RPC, SiV, TRC, JRD, X. 

ACP, ACy, AMR, APX, AV, BGC, BOR, BRR, BKf, CAP, CAT, 
CDF, COL, CPR, CPV, CRC, DEP, DUP, FOM, GDN, GGY, 
GLD, GRV, HNC, HPC, HRT, ICF, IPR, JOD, JSC, MDP, 
MID, MMM, MRA, MTC, NTC, 0^K, PC, PGU, PPG, ftCP, RCI, 
REL, RH, HPC, SAN, SCS, SFA, SIM, SOR, S,V, SYV, TRC, 
USO, USR, VAL, VAR, iVIC, TON, .VRD, x, x, x. 

ACP, AML, BCN, BOR, BOY, GEL, COL, DAV, DSO, DUP, FLH, 
GRD, HAN, HRT, JOD, JSC, MCC, MRN, NSC, ONX, PLY, 
QCP, RCI, REL, RH, SED, SH, SNM, SRC, S,V, SYR, UCC, 
VAL, *IC. 

BOR, COL, DUP, SRC, UCC. 

DUP, SRC. 

BFG, CHY, DA, DOW, ESC, FCP, FIR, GNT, GRA, GYR, KCR, 

MTC, PNT, RUB, SCS, THC, UCC, USR, YAC. 
BFG, BOR, CRY, DA, FCP, FIR, KYS, MTC, PNT, RUB, UCC. 
AJCL, BCO, BFG, FIR, GYR. 
ACP, DO^. 
SRC. 

CIK, DUP, GAF, GLD, MMM, PLY, PPG, RH. 
ACP, BOR, CPR, DSO, DUP, ENJ, FPI, GE, GLY, GRD, HKD, 

HPC, HVG, JOD, KRM, MTC, PPG, UCP, VAR. 



142 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 
Rubber- Processing Chemicals 



TABLE Vl^.--Bubber-processing chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1960 



[Rubber-processing chemicals for which separate statistics are given In table 17A are marked below with an asterisk 
(»); chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 17A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and 
may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x signifies that 
the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICAI£, CTaiC 

^Accelerators : 
* Aldehyde-ami nes : 

Acetaldehyde-aniline 

n-Butyraldehyde-aniline 

Butyraldehyde-butylidene-anlline 

NjN'-Dibutyldithioadipamide 

4,<i'-Dithiodimorpholene 

a-Ethyl-P-propylacrylanilide 

Formaldehyde-p-toluidine ( Methylene-p-toluidine) 

Heptaldehyde-anlline 

Triethyltrimethylenetri amine 

p-Benzoquinone dioxime 

Carbon disulfide-1,1 -methylenedipiperidine 

Dibenzoyl-p-qulnonedloxlme 

Dibenzylamine 

Di-N-pentamethylenethiuram tetrasulfide 

*Dithlocarbamio acid derivatives ; 

Dibenzyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

Dibenzyldithlocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, N, N-dlmethyloyclohexylamine 
salt. 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, diphenylguanidine salt 

Dimethylethylene diphenyldithiocarbamic acid, lead salt 

2,^-Dinltrophenyl dimethyldithiocarbamate 

Piperidinecarbodithioic acid, piperidinium-potasslum 
salts. 
Guanldines ; 

Dicatechol borate, di-o-tol^lguanidine salt 

Diphenylguanidine 

Diphenylguanidine phthalate 

Di-o-tolylguanidine 

1,2,3-Triphenylguaiildine 

2-Imidazoline-2- thiol 

Poly-p-dinitrosobenzene 

«Thiazole derivatives : 

2-Benzothiazyl-N,N-diethylthlocarbamoyl sulfide 

l,3-Bis(2-benzothiazolylmercaptomethyl)urea 

N-tert-Butyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

«N-Cyclohexyl-2-benzothlazolesulfenamide 

N,N-Diisopropyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

N- ( 2 , 6-Dlmethylinorpholino ) -'i' -2-benzothiazolesulf enamide 

«2,2'-Dithiobis(benzothlazole) 

»2-Mercaptobenzothlazole 

2-Jfercaptobenzothiazole, sodium salt 

»2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, zinc salt 

<i-MDrpholinyl-2-benzothlazyl disulfide 

N-Oxydiethylene-2-benzothiazolesulf enamide 

Thiazcline-2- thiol 

All other cyclic accelerators 

Antioxidants : 

Aldehyde- and acetone-ami nes : 

Acetaldehyde-aniline hydrochloride 

Aldol-a-naphthylamlne condensation 



USR. 

DUP, M3N, USR. 

M3N. 

DUP. 

MDN. 

ceo. 

DUP. 

USR. 

USR. 

DUP, MAC, USR. 

MDN. 

USR. 

USR. 

DUP. 

USR. 
USR. 
MDN. 

ceo. 
ceo. 

USR. 
DUP. 



DUP. 

ACY. 

MDN. 

ACY, DUP. 

NAC. 

DUP. 

C»VN, DUP. 

PAS. 

MDN. 

MON. 

ACY, BFG, MON, USR. 

ACY. 

MDN. 

ACY, GYR, MON, USR. 

ACY, GYH, MDN, USR. 

ACY, GYR, MDN. 

ACY, GYR, USR. 



ACY, GYR. 

ACY. 

DUP. 



USR. 
BFG. 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS 



143 



TABLE 17B.- 



- Rubber-processing chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, iS60--Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, Of CLIC— Continued 

Antioxidants — Continued 

Aldehyde- and acetone-amines — Continued 

Diphenylamlne-acetone 

Phenyl-2-naphthylainine-acetone 

•Amino and hydroxy compounds : 
»Amlno compounds : 

p-Anllinophenol 

N-Cyclohexyl-N -phenyl-p-phenylenediamine 

Diarylarylene diamines, mixed 

N, n'-D1C l-ethyl-3-methylpentyl)-p-phenylenedlamlne- 

l,2-Dihydro-2,2,'4-trlmethylquinoline 

p,p'-Dimethoxydlphenylamine 

N,N'-Di(l-methylheptyl)-p-phenylenediamine 

N,N'-Di-2-naphthyl-p-phenylenediamine 

A, A -Dioctyldiphenylamlne 

N,N'-Di-2-octyl-p-phenyienediamine 

N,N -Diphenylethylenediamine 

»N, N'-Diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine 

N,N -Dipheiiyl-l,3-propanediamine 

N,N -Di-o-tolylethylenediamine 

6-Dodecyl-l,2-dihydro-2,2,'4-trimethylquinoline 

6-Ethoxy-l,2-dihydro-2,2,';-trlmethylquinoline 

p-Isopropoxydiphenylamine 

N- Isopropyl-N '-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine 

4,4 -Methylenedianlllne 

Octyldlpherylamine 

Octyldiphenylamine, alkylated 

Octyldiphenylamine mixture (mono-, and di-) 

N-Phenyl-1-naphthylamine 

N-Phenyl-2-naphthylamlne 

Tetrame thy Idiphenyle thy lenedl amine 

p- ( p- Toluenesulf onsin't do ) diphenylnnii ne 

♦Ifydroxy compounds : 

p- Benzy loxyphenol 

4,4'-Butylldenebis(6-tert-butyl-m-cresol) 

2,5-Di(l,l-dimethylpropyl)hydroquinone 

N-Iauroyl-p-aminophenol 

2,2'-Methylenebis(6-tert-butyl-p-cresol) 

2,2'-MBthylenebls(6-tert-butyl-4-ethylphenol) 

»Phenol, alkylated 

Phenol, hindered 

Phenol, styrenated 

N-Stearoyl-p-aminophenol 

2,2'-Thiobis(4,6-di-sec-anylphenol) 

4,4'-Thiobis(6-tert-butyl-m-cresoi) 

•Blowing agents : 

N,N'-Dimethyl-N,N'-dinitroeoterephthalamlde 

Dinltroeopentamethylenetetramlne 

p,p'-Oxybis(benzenesulfonhydrazide) 

Inhibitors, modifiers, and stabilizers: 

Dicresyl disulfide 

N,4-Dinitroso-N-me thy lani line 

N-Nitrosodiphenylamlne 

Noryl phenyl phosphites, mixed 



BFG^ USR. 
USR. 



BFG. 

MDN, USR. 

GYR. 

EKT, UPM. 

BFG, MDN. 

DUP. 

EKT, UPM. 

BFG. 

BFG. 

BFG. 

ceo, NOP. 

BFG, DUP, USR. 

ceo. 
ceo. 

MON. 

MDN. 

BFG. 

USR. 

NAC, USR. 

USR. 

PAS. 

BFG. 

DUP. 

BFG, DUP. 

NOP. 

USR. 

BFG. 

MON. 

MDN. 

MI^. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

BFG, ceo, GYR, MEE, PAS, USR. 

DUP. 

BFG, GYR. 

MI^. 

MDN. 

MON. 

DUP. 

AHC, DUP, NPI. 

USR. 

USR. 

MON. 

BFG, GYR, USR. 

USR. 



144 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 17B. — Rubber-processing chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Mamif actxirers ' identification codes 
(according to list in tatle 23) 



RUBBER- PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 



•Peptizers : 

Aryl mercaptans 

2-Benzamidothiophene, zinc salt 

2',2"'-Dithiobis(benzanilide) 

Dixylyl disulfides, mixed 

2-Naphthalene thiol 

Pentachlorobenzenethiol 

Pentachlorobenzenethiol, zinc salt — 

Thiocresol 

Thiophenol 

}fylene thiol 

Tackifiers: p-tert-iliicrlphenol sulfide- 



PIT. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

DUP, PIT. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

PIT. 

PIT. 

DUP. 

PAS. 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

•Accelerators : 

Butjrraldehyde-ammonia 

n-Butyraldehyde-butylamine 

Di-n-butylammonium oleate 

•Dithiocarbamic acid derivatives : 

Dibutyldithiooarbamic acid, sodium salt 

»DibutylditMocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, selenium salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, tellurium salt 

•Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, bismuth salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, copper salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, lead salt 

•Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, potassium salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, selenium salt 

•Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

Dimetiorldithlocarbamic acid, sodium salt and sodium 
polysulfide. 

All other 

•Thiurams : 

Bis (dibutylthiocarbamoyl) sulfide 

Bis(diethylthiocarbamoyl)disulfide 

•Bis ( dimethyl thiocarbamoyl) disulfide 

Bis (dimethylthlooarbamoyl) sulfide 

Bis (dimethyl thiocarbamoyl) tetrasulfide 

Xanthates and sulfides : 

Di-n-butyLxantho disulfide 

Di-isopropylxantho disulfide 

Zinc dibutyljcanthate 

All other acyclic accelerators : 

Ethylenediamine carbonate 

Polyoxyalkylenetetrasulfide 

•Blowing agents : 

1,1 -Azoblsformamide 

Urea-biuret mixture 

•Conditioning and lubricating agents : 

Ivfethyl stearyl-10-sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

hfcno- and dialliyl acid phosphates, mixed 

Mono- and diaUsyl phosphate ammonium salts, mixed 



MDN. 










DUP. 










DUP. 










ALC, 


DUP, 


RBC, 


USR. 




ALC, 


DUP, 


GYR, 


PAS, USR, 


VNC 


VNC. 










PAS, 


USR. 








WC. 










ALC, 


GYR, 


RBC, 


USR, VNC. 




PAS. 










VNC. 










VNC. 










VNC. 










GYR, 


PAS, 


USR. 






VNC. 










ALC, 


BFG, 


DUP, 


GYR, PAS, 


VNC 


BFG, 


GNT, 


USR. 






PAS, 


GYR, 


X. 







USR. 

GYR, PAS. 

BFG, CLY, DUP, GYR, MON, RBC, USR, VNC, X. 

DUP, GYR, USR. 

DUP. 

USR. 
BFG. 
USR. 

DUP. 
TKL. 

NPI, USP. 
Sil. 

DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 



ELASTOMERS (SYNTHETIC RUBBERS) 



145 



TABLE 17B. 



-Rubber-processing chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Chemical 


Jfanufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 


RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

^Peptizers and modifiers : 

Allsyl mercaptans, mixed 

»Dodecyl mercaptans 

Zinc laurate 

All other — 


PLC. 

HK, PAS, PLC. 

USR. 

USR. 



Elastomers (Synthetic Rubbers) 



TABLE 18B. 



-Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 



[Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for which separate statistics are given in table 18A are marked below with an as- 
terisk (*); products not so marked do not appear in table 18A because the reported data are accepted in confidence 
and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23] 



Product 


Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 


ELASTOMERS, CYCLIC 
»Polybutadiene-styrene type (S-type) 


ASY, BEG, CPY, FIR, FRS, GGC, GNT, GYR, PLC, SHC, TUS, 

URC, USR. 
BFG, FIR, GNT, GYR, PLC, USR. 
BFG, DUP, GNT, NOP, TKL, USR. 

BFG, FIR. 

FRS, GYR, SHC. 

BFG, FIR, GYR, USR. 

DUP. 

EN J. 

TKL. 

GYR, HPC. 

DCC, SPD, UCS. 

ASY, BFG, DUP, ENJ, GYR, SHC. 


»p n th t 


ELASTOMERS, ACYCLIC 






»Polychloroprene type (Neoprene) 


p , .„. ,p , yp V y ) 


Reaction products of natural rubber 


All other - - 



146 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 
Plasticizers 



TABLE 19B. 



■Plasticizers for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 



[plasticizers for which separate statistics are given In table 19A are marked "below with an asterisk (»); products 
not so marked do not appear In table 19A because the reported data are accepted In confidence and may not be pub- 
lished. Manufacturers' Identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x signifies that the manufac- 
turer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PLASTICIZERS, CYCUC 

Coumarone-indene plastlclzer 

N-Cyclohexyl-p-toluenesulfonamlde 

Dlbenz;l sebacate 

Dlethylene glycol dlbenzoate 

Di-tert-octylphenyl ether 

Diphenyl cyclohexane, o-, m-, p- 

Dipropanediol dlbenzoate 

N-Ethyl-p- toluene sulfonamide 

Isopropylldenediphenoxypropanol 

Naphthalene, alkylated 

Phosphoric acid esters: 

»Cresyl diphenyl phosphate 

Dibutyl phosphate 

Diphenyl mono-o-xenyl phosphate 

Diphenyl octyl phosphate 

Methyl diphenyl phosphate 

Tri( tert-butylphenyl) phosphate 

»Tricresyl phosphate 

*Trlphenyl phosphate 

»Phthalic anhydride esters: 

Butyl benzyl phthalate 

Butyl cyolohexyl phthalate 

»Butyl decyl phthalate 

Butyl 2-ethylhexyl phthalate 

Butyl Isodecyl phthalate 

»Butyl Iso-octyl phthalate 

«Butyl octyl phthalate 

Butyl phthalyl butyl glycolate 

Castor oil phthalate 

Diamyl phthalate 

Di(2-butoxyethyl) phthalate 

»Dibutyl phthalate 

»Dlcyclohexyl phthalate 

»Didecanoyl phthalate (Dicapryl phthalate) 

Dl-n-deoyl phthalate 

Di(2-(2-ethoxyethoxy)ethyl) phthalate 

Dlethylene glycol phthalate 

Di(ethylhexyl) hexahydrophthalate 

Di( 2-ethylhexyl) isophthalate 

»Diethyl phthalate 

Di-n-hexyl phthalate 

Dilsobutyl phthalate 

«Dlisodecyl phthalate 

»Dl(2-methoxyethyl) phthalate 

»Dimethyl phthalate 

Dinonyl phthalate 

»Dloctyl phthalates: 

■«Di( 2-ethylhexyl) phthalate 

*Diiso-octyl phthalates and mixtures 

Dl-n-octyl phthalate 



NEV. 
MON. 
WTH. 
TNP. 
DOW. 
MON. 
TNP. 
MON. 
DOW. 
ACC. 

CEL, KLK, MON, MTR, SPP. 

MON. 

DOW. 

MON. 

MON. 

DOW. 

CEL, FMP, KLK, MON, MTR. 

CEL, DOW, EK, MON, MIR. 

MON. 

AGP. 

ACP, PCC, THC. 

ACP, MON, UCC. 

GRH, ROS, RUB. 

GRH. 

EKT. 

MON, NOP. 

DUP 

FCP. 

FMP, GRH, KES. 

ACP, COM, DEC, DUP, EKT, FMP, GRD, GRH, HAL, KLK, 

MON, NPI, PCC, PFZ, RUB, SW, WTO, WTH. 
ACP, DUP, FMP, MON. 
ACP, GRH, WTH. 
DEC. 
FMP. 
ARK. 
UCC. 
UCC. 

DUP, EKT, GRH, KF, MON. 
CCA. 
EKT. 

ACP, BFG, DEC, GRH, MON, PCC, PFZ, RUB, THC, UCC, WIH. 
DUP, EKT, FW, KES. 
ACP, DUP, EKT, GRH, KF, MON. 
DEC. 

ACP, BFG, DEC, DUP, EKT, GRH, MON, NOP, NPI, PCC, PFZ, 

ROS, RUB, SW, THC, UCC, WTC, WTH. 

ACP, BFG, DEC, EKT, FCP, FMP, GDL, GRH, M3N, PCC, PFZ, 

ROS, RUB, SW, THC, WTH. 
KLK. 



PIASTICIZERS 

TABLE 19B. --Plasticizers for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, i960— Continued 



147 



Itimif aoturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PLASTICIZERS, CYaiC— Continued 

»Phthallc anhydride esters — Continued 

Diphenyl phthalate 

»Ditrldeoyl phthalate 

2-Ethylhexyl isodecyl phthalate 

Ethyl, and methyl phthalyl ethyl glycolate— 

Isobutyl isodecyl phthalate 

Isobutyl isoootyl phthalate 

<<Octyl decyl phthalates : 

»Iso-octyl Isodecyl phthalate 

»n-Octyl n-deoyl phthalate 

All other phthalio anhydride esters 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl oleate 

Toluenesulfonamlde, o-, p- mixture 

All other cyclic plasticizers 

PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC 

»Adlpie acid esters : 

Di(2-{2-butoxyethoxy)ethyl) adipate 

Dl(2-butoxyethyl) adipate 

»IM.(2-ethylhexyl) adipate 

»Dlisobutyl adipate 

•Dlisodecyl adipate 

«Diiso-octyl adipate 

Dinonyl adipate 

Dipropyl adipate 

Iso-octyl isodecyl adipate 

»Octyl decyl adipate 

»Complex adipic acid polyesters 

All other adipic acid esters 

»Azelaic acid esters : 

»Di(2-ethyIhexyl) azelate 

Diisobutyl azelate 

Diiso-octyl azelate 

All other azelaic acid esters 

N- Butyl nyrlstate 

Castor oil maleate 

Di(2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethyl) metliane 

»Dibutyl maleate 

Methylene glycol dlnonanoate 

Diethyl maleate 

Diiso-octyl diglyoolate 

2, 2- ( 2-Ethylhexamido ) diethyl diethylhexoate— 

Glycerol pelargonate 

Glyceryl trlpropionate 

Isodecyl nonanoate (Isodecyl pelargonate) 

Isopropyl nyrlstate 

Laurie acid esters 

"Oleic acid esters: 

2-Butoxyethyl oleate 

»Butyl oleate 

Glycerol trioleate 

♦Methyl oleate 

All other oleic acid esters 



M3N. 

BFG, GRH, HPC, KES, PCC, PFZ, RUB. 

UCC. 

M3N. 

KLK. 

FCP. 

ACP, DEC, FMP, GRH, KLK, PCC, PFZ, RUB, THC. 

ACP, DEC, FMP, GRH, HPC, PCC, PFZ, THC. 

ACP, ARG, DEC, FCP, FMP, HPC, MDN, PFZ, THC, UCC. 

CCW, EMR. 

M)N. 

AV, TNP. 



FMP, TKL. 

DEC. 

DEC, EKT, FMP, HAL, KLK, PCC, ROS, RUB, THC, UCC, WTH. 

DEC, FMP, GRD, HAL, KES. 

ACP, BFG, DEC, FMP, GRH, HAL, KLK, LEH, MDN, PCC, PFZ, 

RUB, THC, UCC. 
ACP, BFG, DEC, EKT, FCP, FMP, GRH, KLK, LEH, MDN, NQP, 

PCC, PFZ, RH, RUB, WTH. 
PCC. 

KES, RUB. 
BFG, GRH. 

DEC, FMP, GRH, MDN, PCC, THC. 
MDN, PFZ, RUB, UCC. 
ACP, BFG, HAL, KES, LEH, PFZ, ROS, TKL. 



DEC, 


DUP, 


EKT, 


EMR, 


HAL, 


PFZ. 


EKT, 


HAL. 










EMR, 


FCP. 










ACP, 


EMR, 


GRD, 


PFZ. 






AHC, 


KES. 










RH. 












TKL. 












DUP, 


GRD, 


MDN, 


RUB. 






EMR, 


RUB. 










DUP. 












CCA, 


FMP. 










UCC. 












EMR. 












EKT. 












EMR. 












DRW. 












DRW, 


FOR, 


HAL, 


KES. 






HAL, 


KES. 










AHC, 


CCW, 


FMP, 


KES, 


NOP, 


RH, RUB, WTH 


DRW, 


EMR. 










AHC, 


EMR, 


FOR, 


NOP. 






AHC, 


EMR, 


RH. 









148 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 19B. -- Plasticizers for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Itmuf aoturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Palmitic acid esters : 

Iso-octyl palmltate 

All other palmitic acid esters 

»Phosphoric acid esters 

Polyethylene glycol dl-2-ethylhexoate 

Ricinoleic and acetylricinoleic acid esters : 

n- Butyl acetylrlclnoleate 

Butyl riolnoleate 

^Glycerol monoricinoleate 

All other ricinoleic and acetylricinoleic acid esters 
»Sebacic acid esters : 

»Dlhutyl sebaoate 

»Di(2-ethylhexyl) sebacate 

All other sebacic acid esters 

^■Stearic acid esters : 

»n- Butyl stearate 

All other stearic acid esters 

Tributyl aoetylcitrate->- 

»Triethylene glycol dl(caprylate-caprate) 

Triethylene glycol di-2-ethylbutyrate 

All other acyclic plasticlzers 



RUB. 

EKT, FOR. 

EKT, FMP, SFA, UCC. 

ux;c, X. 

BAG, DEC. 

BAC, DEC. 

BAC, CCW, GLY, HAL, NOP. 

BAC, DEC, KES, NOP. 

DEC, EKT, GRD, HAL, PCC, HH, WTH. 
DEC, GRD, GRH, PCC, PFZ, RH, WTH. 
DEC, FCP, HAL, NOP, RH, RUB, WTH, X. 

AHC, FMP, HAL, KES, NOP, RUB, SCP, WTH. 

ARG, BAC, CCW, DRW, FMP, HK, HPC, KES, NOP, RH, ROS. 
PFZ. 

DRW, FOR, GEH, HUB. 
UCC. 

AHC, ARG, DUP, EKT, EMR, FCP, FMP, HAL, HPC, PFZ, RH, 
ROS, RUB, UCC. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



149 



Sxirface-Active Agents 



TABLE 20B. — Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer , 1960 

[ Surface-active agents for which separate statistics are given in table 20A are marked below with an asterisk (»); 
products not so marked do not appear in table 20A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may 
not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x signifies that 
the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC 

»Esters and ethers, nonsulf onated : 

Anhydrohexitol castor oil polyethoxyethyl ether 

Anhydrohexitol dloleate 

Anhydrohexitol glycerol monolaurate 

Anhydrohexitol monolaurate 

Anhydrohexitol monolaurate polyethoxyethyl ether 

Anhydrohexitol mono-oleate 

Anhydrohexitol mono-oleate polyethoxyethyl ether 

Anhydrohexitol monopalmltate 

Anhydrohexitol monopalmltate polyethoxyethyl ether 

Anhydrohexitol monostearate 

Anhydrohexitol monostearate polyethoxyethyl ether 

Anhydrohexitol tall oil ester 

Anhydrohexitol tall oil polyethoxyethyl ether 

Anhydrohexitol tetrastearate 

Anhydrohexitol trioleate 

Anhydrohexitol trioleate polyethoxyethyl ether 

Anhydrohexitol tririclnoleate 

Anhydrohexitol trlstearate 

Anhydrohexitol trlstearate polyethoxyethyl ether 

Castor oil phthalate polyester 

Dilsobutylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

Dlnonylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

»Dodecylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

Glucose polyethoxyethyl distearate 

Glucose polyethoxyethyl oleate 

Iso-ootylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

Mixed alkylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

"Nonylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

Pentylphenol-formaldehyde polyethoxyethanol 

Pentylphenol-formaldehyde polyethoxyethyl tall oil ester 

»Phenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

Rosin polyethoxyethanol 

Tetradecylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol 

Xylyloxy polyethoxyethanol 

All other 

»Nltrogen-contalning surface-active agents, non- 

SulX onated : 

Benzyldimethyl hydrogenated tallow ammonium chloride 

»Benzyldlmethyloctadecylammonium chloride 

Benzyldimethyltetradecylammonlum chloride 

•Benzyldodecyldlmethylammonlum chloride 

Benzyl-2-heptadecyl-l-hydroxyethyl-2-lmldazollnium- 

ammonium chloride. 

Benzylhexadecyldlmethylammonlum chloride 

Benzyl(polyethoxyethyl)bls(tall oil amldoethyl) - 

ammonium chloride. 

Benzyl(polyethoxyethylcoco)dlmethylammonlum chloride 

Benzyltrimethylammonium chloride 

Caproylethyl-5-hydroxycycloimidine, sodium ethylate, 

sodium ethionate. 



APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 

DUP, GAF, RH. 
GAF, JCC. 

LEV, MON, PCS, RH, UCC. 
APD. 
APD. 

DRW, GAF, NOP, OMC. 
RH. 

AHC, APD, CLY, DOW, DRW, GAF, HPC, JCC, OMC, PCS, RH, 
STP, UCC, VIS. 



FBC, 


GAF, 


NOP. 






HPC. 










ORO, 


PCS. 








VIS. 










HDG, 


TRC, 


VIS. 






ARC. 










APX, 


ITX, 


ONX, RET. 






ITX. 










APD, 


DEP, 


FIN, ITX, 


ONX, 


SDH, x. 


PCS. 










FIN, 


ONX, 


RH, SDW. 






APD. 










GAF. 










COM. 










MIR. 











150 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 20B, Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



SURFACE- ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC— Continued 

*Nitrogen-contalning surface-active agents, non- 

sulf onated — Continued 

3,'i-Dichlorobenzyldodecyldiiiiethylainmonlum chloride 

(Dodecylbenzyl)diethyl(2-hydroxyethyl) ammonium chlorlde- 

( Dodecylbenzyl) ethyldimethylammonium chloride 

(Dodecylbenzyl) triethylammonlum chloride 

(Dodecylbenzyl) trimethylammonium chloride 

Dodeeyl( dime thy Ibenzyl) dime thylnrnmonium chloride 

2-Dodecylisoquinolinium bromide 

(Dodecylmethy Ibenzyl) trimethylammonium chloride 

1-Dodecylpyridinium chloride 

( Ethoxybenzyl) dimethyl( octylphenoxy) ammonium chloride 

( Ethoxybenzyl) dimethyl( octyltolyloxy ) ammonium chloride — 

2-Heptadecenyl-l-hydroxyethyl-2-imidazoline 

2-Heptadecyl-l-hydroxyethyl-2-imidazoline 

1-Hexadecylpyridinium chloride 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-l,2-diphenylethylenediamine 

l-Hydroxyethyl-2-tridecylimidazolium chloride 

l-Hydroxyethyl-2-undecylimidazoline 

Lauroyl-5-ethoxycycloimidine, disodium ethionate 

Lauroylethyl-5-hydroxycycloimidine, sodium ethylate, 

sodium ethionate. 
2-Lauroyloxyethylcarbamoyl-l-methylpyridinium chloride — 

Mixed aliylbenzyldimethylammonium chloride 

Oleoyl imidazoline 

Oxazoline, substituted 

Ricinoleyl imidazoline 

Rosin aminopolyethoxyethanol 

Rosin polyamidoimidazoline 

Stearoylethyl-5-hydroxycycloimidine, sodium ethylate, 

sodium ethionate. 

Stearoyl imidazoline 

2-Stearoyloxyethylcarbamoyl-l-methylpyridinlum chloride- 
All other 

Phosphorus-containing surface- active agents: 

Dinonylphenoxy polyethoxyethyl phosphate 

Nonylphenoxy polyethoxyethyl phosphate 

Other ^ 

^Sulfated and sulfonated cyclic surface- active agents: 
»Aliyl benzenoid compounds, sulfated and sulfonated: 

*Decylbenzenesulfonic acid 

Didodecylbenzenesulfonic acid ~ 

»Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid 

»Dodecylbenzenesulfonlc acid, ammonium salt- 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, butylammonium salt 

*Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, calcium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, cyclohexylamine salt 

^Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, isopropylammonium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, mixed aUsylamlne salts 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, potassium salt 

^Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

"Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, triethanolamine salt 



ONX, 


SDW. 


OHO. 




o\a. 




PC. 




ITX, 


WTC. 


ONX. 




ITX, 


ONX. 



APD, 


GGY, 


UVC. 


GGY. 






FBS. 






APX. 






GGY. 






GGY, 


UVC. 




MIE. 






MIR. 






WTC. 






FIN, 


RH. 




PCS. 






COM, 


NOP. 




PCS. 






APD, 


HPC, 


PCS, VIS 


GRD, 


PCS, 


UVC. 


MIR. 






SCO. 






WTC. 






APD, 


PCS. 




GAF. 






GAF, 


TCC. 




GAF. 







EFH, HLI, MON, SCO, STP. 

CO. 

CI, CO, KRY, LEV, MON, NAC, NOP, PIL, PRX, QCP, SOC, 

STP, TN, TRP, WTC, WTU. 
ATH, PRX, VIS, WTU. 
WTC. 

RH, STP, TRP, VIS, WTC. 
GAF. 

APD, PCS, STP, TRP, WTC. 
PCS. 
TRP. 
AHC, AML, ATR, CO, DEP, EMK, HLI, HRT, LEV, NAC, NOP, 

PC, PG, PIL, PRX, SOC, TDC, TN, TRP, WIC, WTU. 
AML, ATR, CO, HLI, NAC, PCS, PIL, STP, TN, TRP, 

WTC, X. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



151 



TABLE 20B. 



-Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, I960-- Continued 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



SURFACE- ACTIVE AGENTS, CYCLIC— Continued 

•Sulfated and sulfonated cyclic surface-active 
agents — Continued 
"Alkyl benzenoid compounds, sulfated and 
sulfonated — Continued 

Nonylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Pentylbenzenesulfonlc acid, sodium salt 

Tridecylbenzenesulfonio acid 

Tridecylbenzenesulfonlc acid, ammonium salt 

Tridecylbenzenesulfonlc acid, sodium salt 

All other 

♦lignin derivatives, sulfonated: 

Llgnosulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

•Llgnosulfonic acid, calcium salt 

llgnosulfonic acid, chromium salt 

Llgnosulfonic acid, iron salt 

Llgnosulfonic acid, magnesium salt 

Llgnosulfonic acid, sodium salt 

•Naphthalene derivatives, sulfonated: 

Benzylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

•Butylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

•Dibutylnaphthalenesulfonic acid -- 

Didodecylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

Diisopropylnaphthaleneaulfonic acid 

Dipentylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

•Isopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

Methylenedi (2-naphthalenesulfonlc acid) 

Mixed alkylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

Pentylnaphthalenesulfonlc acid 

Tetrahydronaphthalenesulfonic acid 

Nitrogen-containing surface-active agents 
sulfated and sulfonated: 

N-Alkylethylmorphollnium ethyl sulfate 

N-Cyclohexyl-N-palmltoyl taurine 

N-(Didodecylbenzyl)-N-methyl taurine, sodium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonamide 

N-Heptadecylmethylbenzimidazollnesulfonic acid 

All other 

All other sulfated and sulfonated cyclic 
surface -active agents: 

Benzenesulfonlc acid, sodium salt 

Butylhydroxybiphenylsulfonic acid 

Dodecyldlphenyloxidedisulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Dodecylphenoxy polyethoxyethyl sulfate 

Nonylphenoxy polyethoxyethyl sulfate 

n-Ootylphenoxy polyethoxyethyl sulfate 

n-Octylphenoxy polyethoxyethyl sulfonate 

Petroleum sulfonate, water soluble type, sodium salt' 

Toluenesulfonic acid, potassium salt 

•Toluenesulfonlc acid, sodium salt 

Trichlorophenol sulfate, ethanolamine salt 

Xylenesulfonie acid, ammonium salt 

*Xylenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

All other 

SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC 

•Esters and ethers, nonsulf onated : 

•Diethylene glycol monolaurate 

•Diethylene glycol mono-oleate 

•Diethylene glycol monostearate 



WTU. 




MON. 




WTU. 




PRX, WTU. 




CP, PRX, WTU. 




FIN. 




CRZ. 




CWP, INP, LKY 


MAR, NYP, PSP 


MAR. 




CRZ. 




MAR. 




CRZ, CWP, INP 


MAH, WVA. 


GAF. 




CMC, GGY, PFZ 


SCP. 


CI, GAF, MRA, 


SAN. 


PFZ. 




DUP, GAF, GRD, 


PFZ, WTU. 


X. 




BRY, CU3, DUP, 


NAC, NOP, ONX 


DUP. 




UDI. 




ONX. 




DUP. 




APD. 




GAF. 




ORO. 




MAH. 




TRC. 




APD. 




NES, UPF. 




FBS, RBC. 




DOW. 




GAF. 




GAF, STP, TRP, 


WTC. 


RH. 




RH. 




SIN, SOI, SON. 




MYW, NES. 




CO, NES, PIL, 


STP, TRP, WTU. 


GAF. 




WTU. 




CO, NES, PIL, 


STP, TRP, WTU. 


GAF, NES. 





CCW, GLY, HAL, HDG, KAL, KES, NOP, QCP, WTC. 
Bffi, GLY, HAL, HDG, KES, NOP, WTC. 

AML, CCW, CP, GLY, HAL, KES, NOP, PC, PCS, QCP, UVC, 
VAL, VND, WTC. 



152 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 20B. — Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC —Continued 

*Esters and ethers, nonsiilfonated — Continued 

Diethylene glycol tall oil ester 

Dihexitol ethoxyethylpropoxypropyl diglycolate 

Diisobutylene male ate 

Dipolyethoxyethyl polyoxypropylene glycol ether 

Ethylene glycol mono-oleate 

*Ethylene glycol monostearate 

Glycerol diacetyltartrate mono and di esters of fatty 
acids. 

Glycerol dioleate 

Glycerol maleate mono-oleate 

Glycerol mono and di esters of fatty acids 

■''Glycerol monococate 

Glycerol monoester of lard 

^Glycerol monolaurate 

*Glycerol mono-oleate 

^Glycerol monostearate 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl beeswax ester 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl dioleate 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl hexaoleate 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl hexa(tall oil) ester 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl lanolin ester 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl oleate 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl pentalaurate 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl penta(tall oil) ester 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl stearate 

Hexitol polyethoxyethyl tetra(oleate, laurate) ester- 
Hexitol polyethoxyethyl tetra(tall oil) ester 

^<Methoxy polyethoxyethyl coconut oil ester 

Mixed monoglycerides of fatty acids 

Pentaerythritol distearate 

Polyethoxyethyl castor oil ester 

♦Polyethoxyethyl castor oil ether 

Polyethoxyethyl castor oil phthalate 

♦Polyethoxyethyl coconut oil ester 

Polyethoxyethyl decyl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl diglycolate 

♦Polyethoxyethyl dilaurate 

♦Polyethoxyethyl dioleate 

Polyethoxyethyl distearate 

Polyethoxyethyl dodeoyl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl tert-dodecyl thioether 

Polyethoxyethyl hexadecyl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl hexadecyl, octadeoenyl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl hydrogenated castor oil ether 

Polyethoxyethyl lanolin ether 

Polyethoxyethyl mixed fatty acid esters and ethers — 
♦Polyethoxyethyl monolaurate 

♦Polyethoxyethyl mono-oleate 

Polyethoxyethyl monopalmitate 

Polyethoxyethyl monoricinoleate 



m/TC, X. 

APD. 
RH. 

PCS, VIS, iv™. 

EFH, HAL. 

CCW, GLY, HAL, KES, KNP, PCS, STP, VND. 

WTC. 

HAL, KES, LEV. 

DRW, NOP, WTC. 

KES. 

CP, HDG, VND. 

DRW, GLY, X. 

HAL, KES, KNP. 

APD, CCW, DRW, EFH, EMR, GLY, HAL, HDG, KES, PAR, PCS, 

SPP, STP, X. 
APD, APX, BCN, CCW, CI, CP, CRC, DRW, GLY, HAL, KES, 

LUR, MCO, MRA, NOP, NW, PC, PCS, PG, UVC, VND, WTC, 

X. 

APD. 

APD. 

APD. 

APD. 

APD. 

APD, HDG. 

APD. 

APD. 

APD. 

APD. 

APD. 

DRW, JOR, KES, ONX. 

X. 

VAL. 

GAF, GGY, NOP, UVC, WTC. 

APD, DRW, NOP, VIS. 

APD. 

NOP, PG, UVC. 

AHC, PCS. 

APD. 

DEX, EFH, GGY, GLY, HAL, HDG, JOR, KES, PCS, UVC. 

CI, EFH, GGY, GLY, HAL, HDG, KES, NOP, OTH, PCS, SPP, 

UVC. 
GLY, HAL, KES, PCS, QCP. 
AAC, APD, DRW, DUP, GAF, JCC, PCS, UCC. 
EFH, ION, PAS. 
AHC, APD. 
AHC. 

APD, PCS. 
AHC, APD, VIS. 
APD. 
ARC, BSC, CCA, DEX, DRW, GGY, GLY, HAL, JOR, KES, KNP, 

NOP, QCP, SRR, SYC. 
AHC, ARC, CCA, CI, DEX, DRW, EFH, GAF, GGY, GLY, HAL, 

HDG, KES, NOP, ONX, PCS, SPP, SYC, UVC. 
APD. 
KES, NOP, UVC. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



153 



TABLE 20B. — Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, I960-- Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



SUHFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

*Esters and ethers, nonsulfonated — Continued 
♦Polyethoxyethyl monostearate 

Polyetho}(yethyl ootadeoyl ether 

*Polyethoxyethyl oleyl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl resin ester 

Polyethoxyethyl resin ether 

Polyethoxyethyl sesquicocate 

»Po3^ethoxyethyl tall oil ester 

Polyethoxyethyl tallow ester 

Polyethoxyethyl tertiary acetylene glycol 

«Polyethoxyethyl tridecyl ether 

Polyglycerol oleate 

1, 2-Propanediol monocooate 

1,2-Propanediol monolaurate 

1,2-Propanediol mono-oleate 

»l,2-Propanediol monostearate 

1,2-Propanediol polyethoxyethyl stearate 

Propylpolyethoxyethyl polyoxypropylene glycol ether 

All other 

^Nitrogen- containing surface-active agents, nonsulfonated: 

Aliylamino polyethoxyethanol 

N-(AininDethyl)-N-(hydroxyethyl)coconut oil amide 

»N-(Aminoethyl)-N-(hydroxyethyl)octadecanamlde 

«N-(Aiuinoethyl)-N-(hydroxyethyl)oleamide 

N-(Aiiilnoethyl)-N-(hydroxyethyl)palm oil amide 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)l)isoleajiiide 

N, N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)decanamlde 

»N, N-Bis ( 2-hydroxyethyl) dodecannml de 

»N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)octadecanamide 

»N, N-Bis C2-hydroxyethyl)oleaniide 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)tall oil amide - 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl) tallow amide 

Butylaramonium oleate 

Coeobis ( polyethoxyethyl )me thy Inmmonium chloride 

Cocome thyldipolye thoxye thy Ininmonium chloride 

N- Coconut oil-P -alanine 

»Coconut oil amide of bis(diethanolamine) 

»Cooonut oil amide of mono(diethanolamine) 

♦Coconut oil amide of diethanolamine, neither bis nor mono 

Coconut oil amide of diethylenetriamine 

Coconut oil amide of diisopropanolamine 

Coconut oil amide of isopropanolamine 

Coconut oil amide of monoethanolamine 

Coconut oil amine acetate 

Cocotrimethylammonium chloride 

N-Cocoyl sarcosine, sodium salt 

Cottonseed oil mixed amines 

N- Cyanoethyl-N ', N " -dioctadecyldiethylenetriamine acetate 
Decylbetaine 



AHC, AML, APD, ARC, DEX, DRW, GAF, GGY, GLT, HAL, HDG, 
JOR, KES, KNP, NOP, ONX, PC, PCS, PD, RH, WTC. 

AAC, APD. 

AAC," APD, DRW, DUP, GAF, NOP. 

APD, VIS, X. 

APD. 

JRG. 

AML, APD, APX, ARC, DRW, EFH, KES, M3N, NOP, 0MB, 
PAR, PCS, UVC, WTC. 

AHC, DEX, SOS. 

AIR. 

AHC, APD, DRW, EFH, GAF, JCC, MDN, OMC, PCS, UCC, VIS, 

X. 

WTC. 

CP. 

CP, HAL, KES. 

HAL, KES. 

CCW, CP, HAL, KES, PCS, PG, WTC. 

APD. 

APD. 

JCC, JRG, KES, PCS, PFZ, UCC, WTC. 

APD, GAF, NOP. 

DEX, NOP, PC. 

AHC, AML, CI, DEP, DEX, HRT, MRA, NOP, ONX, QCP, SAN, 

SCP, TRC, WTU. 
CI, CMC, DEX, NOP, SOC, WTU, X. 
SCP, UVC. 
STP. 
GGY. 

DRW, HLI, KET, NOP, PCS, PG. 
AML, BSC, EMR, OAF, GGY, JOR, MRA, NOP, ONX, IJCP, 

TXC, WTU. 
CCW, GGY, MRA, NOP, PCS, SCP, STP, WTC. 
EFH, EMR. 
PG. 
GNT. 
APD. 
ARC. 

GNM, UVC. 
AML, BSC, CMC, DEP, HLI, JRG, MDA, MRV, NOP, PCS, 

PNX, QCP, TCC, TRP, VAL. 
APX, CP, EFH, EMK, GGY, HRT, KNP, MDA, NOP, ONX, PC, 

PCS, PG, STP, TRP, VND, WTC, WTU. 
DEX, DRW, JOR, JRG, KEY, LEV, LUR, MRA, PCS, SCO, 

TXC, X. 
APX, NOP. 

X. 

ARC, LEV, STP, TRP. 

APX, HRT, PCS, PG, UVC, WTC, 'HTV. 

ARC, PCS. 

ARC. 

GGY. 

GNM. 

TRC. 

CCW, DUP, UVC. 



608094 O -61 -U 



154 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 

TABLE 20B. — Surface-active agents fw which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, iS60— Continued 



Chemical 



SUBFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

»Nltrogen-oontaiid.ng surface-active agents, non- 
sulf onated — Continued 

Dicocodimethylammonlum chloride 

Dihydrogenated tallow dimethylammonluiii chloride 

N-(3-DiiiiethylaininD)oleaBilde 

Dimethyldisoya-aramonium chloride 

Dodeoyl, hexadecyltrlmethylanimonium chloride 

N-Dodeoyl-P-iminodipropionio acid 

DodecyltrimethylammDnium chloride 

Ethyldtmethyloctadecylammonlum bromide 

N, N- Ethylene bis-octadecanamide 

N,N- Ethylene bis-oleamide 

Ethylhexadecyldimethylammonium bromide 

Hexadecylbetaine 

Hexadeoyltrimethylaramonium bromide 

Hexadecyltrimethylammonium chloride 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)octadecanamide 

N-(2-ffydroxyethyl)oleamide 

N- ( 2-Hydroxyethyl) -N- ( 2-stearoylainlnoethyl) glycine 

N-(2-Hrdroxyethyl)tetradecanaiiiide 

N-(2-Ifydroxypropyl)dodecanamide 

N-(2-^ydroxypropyl)oleamide 

N-(2-}fydroxypropyl)tetradecanamide 

N-Lauroyl polypeptide 

»N-LaurQyl saroosine, sodium salt 

N-Octadecyl-p-alanine, sodium salt 

Octadecyl amine acetate 

Octadecyltrimethylammonlum chloride 

Octyl aialne acetate 

Oleamide of diethylenetrlamine 

Oleyl amine acetate 

Oleoylamino polyethoxyethanol 

Oleoyl polypeptide 

N-Oleoyl sarcosine, sodium salt 

Pelargonamide of tetraethylenepentamine 

Polyethoxyethyl N-cooo amine 

Polyethoxyethyl N-hydrogenated tallow amine 

Polyethoxyethyl mixed fatty acid amides 

Polyethoxyethyl N-octadecyl amine 

Polyethoxyethyl N-soya amine 

Polyethoxyethyl N-tallow amine 

Polyethoxyethyl N-tallow trimethyldiamine 

PolypeP'tlde 

Soyatrimethylammonium chloride 

»Stearamide of diethylenetrlamine 

Stearamide of tetraethylenepentamine 

1-Stearamido-l' -adlpoamido diethylenetrlamine 

Stearoylbiguanide hydrochloride 

Stearoyl-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)octadecanamide 

N-Stearoyl saroosine, sodium salt 

Tallow amine acetate 

Tallow amine acetate, hydrogenated 

N-Tallow-P-aminodipropionic acid, sodium salt 

Tallow diethanolamine acetate 

Tallow propylenediamine 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



ARC, 


GNM. 




ARC, 


GNM, ONX. 




CCW. 






ARC. 






DUP. 






GNM. 






ARC, 


GNM. 




ITX. 






CCW. 






CCW. 






FIN, 


ONX. 




DUP. 






AHC, 


FIN. 




ARC. 






NOP, 


STP, UVC. 




EFH, 


FBC, UVC. 




GAP. 






WTC. 






PCS, 


WTU. 




WTC. 






WTU. 






MfW. 






CP, 


MY, ONX. 




DUP. 






ACY, 


ARC, GNM. 




ARC. 






ARC. 






APD, 


PCS, UVC. 




GNM. 






ARC, 


GAF. 




MfW. 






GAP, 


GGY. 




AHC. 






ARC. 






ARC. 






GAF. 






ARC. 






ARC. 






ARC. 






ARC. 






MTW. 






ARC. 






APX, 


DEP, NOP, ONX, QCP, UVC 


AHC, 


DEX, ONX, UVC. 




APX. 






GAF. 






WTC. 






GAF 


GGY. 




ARC 


GNM. 




ARC 






GNM 







SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



155 



TABLE 20B Surface-active agents /or which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, i960~Contlnued 



SURF ACE- ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

»Nltrogen-oontainliig surface-active agents, non- 
sulf onated — Continued 
N, N, N ' , N '-Tetrailshydroxyethyl( polyoxyethylenepolyoxy- 

propylene ) ethylenedlamine . 
N, N, N ' , N' -TetraMshydroxyethylethylenediamine steajTate— 

Triethanolamlne myristate 

»Triethanolainlne oleate 

Triethanolamine resinate 

Trlethanolamlne stearate 

Trimethyl hy'lrog^'^'''^'^ tallow ammonium chloride 

Trlmethyl tallow ammonium chloride 

All other 

»PhosphoruE-oontalnliig surface-active agents, noneulfonated 

Aliyl phosphates, diethanolamine salt 

Decanoyl polyphosphate, potassium salt 

Decanoyl polyphosphate, sodium salt 

Dodecyl polyethoxyethyl phosphate 

2-Ethylhexyl phosphate, sodium salt 

Mixed mono and dlaliyl acid phosphates 

Octyl phosphate, aliylamlne salt 

Ootyl polyphosphate, potassium salt 

Octyl polyphosphate, sodium salt 

Oleyl phosphate 

Oleyl polyethoxyethyl phosphate 

All other 

»Salts of fatty acids, nonsulf onated : 

«Coconut oil, potassium salt 

Coconut oil, triethanolamine salt 

Com oil, potassiim salt 

Com oil, sodium salt 

Olive oil, sodium salt 

Potassium laurate 

»Potassium oleate 

«Potassium stearate 

^Potassium tallate 

»Sodium oleate 

Sodium resinate 

»Sodium stearate 

Sodium tallate 

Tallow, potassium salt 

•Tallow, sodium salt 

All other 

•Sulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active agents: 
•Acids, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Acetyloleic acid, sulfonated 

•Oleic acid, sulfonated (Sulfonated red oil) 

Riclnolelc acid, sulfonated 

•Alcohols, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Decyl sulfate 

Deoyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

3,9-Diethyl-6-tridecyl sulfate 

Dodecyl, octadecenorl sulfate 

Dodecyl sulfate, 2-amino-2-methylpropanol' salt 

•Dodecyl sulfate, ammonium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, diethanolamine salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, N, N-diethylcyclohexylamlne salt 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



VIS, WIN. 

AHC. 
DOM. 

CMC, DOM, HDG, NOP, QCP, SRR, TCC. 
APD. 

AML, HDG, TCC. 
ARC. 

ARC, GNM. 

ACY, APD, APX, ARC, CBP, CCW, DUP, FIN, GAF, GGY, 
GNM, HNC, ONX, PCS, PC, TCC, TRC, VIS, X, X. 



DUP. 




















DEX. 




















VIC. 




















GAF. 




















UCC, 


UVC. 


















DUP, 


VIC. 


















DUP. 




















DEX, 


UVC. 


















CRC, 


VIC. 


















DUP. 




















GAF. 




















ACY, 


DUP, 


VIC, 


UVC. 














LUE, 


OTT, 


PCH, 


SAN. 














PG. 




















EFH, 


PCH. 


















um. 




















LUR, 


OTT. 


















BSC, 


DRW, 


NOP. 
















AML, 


EFH, 


NOP, 


OTH, 


OTT, 


PCH, 


QCP, 


SAN, 


SHP, 


WBG, X. 


DEX, 


QCP, 


VAL. 
















BSC, 


CON, 


DRW, 


EFH, 


KAL, 


LUR, 


on, 


PCH, 


PCS, 


PNX, QCP 


DEP, 


LUR, 


MRV, 


NOP, 


QCP, 


WBQ. 










MRA, 


O.CP. 


















LEV, 


MAL, 


NOP, 


WTC. 














ACY, 


BSC, 


DEX, 


NOP, 


QCP. 












OTT. 




















CON, 


LUR, 


NOP, 


QCP. 














DEP, 


DEX, 


KAL, 


MRV, 


OTT, 


vrai. 











ACT, ACY, AHC, BRY, DEX, DRW, GAF, KAL, LEA, LUR, MRA, 
MRV, NOP, PC, PFZ, QCP, SCO, SON, SWT, TN, WHI, WHW. 
DRW, NOP. 

DUP, ONX, PCS. 

DUP. 

UCC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

AAC, DUP, ONX, PCS, STP, TRP. 

AAC, DUP, HLI, ONX, PCS, STP, TRP. 

DUP. 



156 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 20B. — Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 —Continued 



Manufacturers' Identifloation codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



SURFACE- ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

^■Sulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active 
agents — Continued 
»Alcohols, sulfated and sulfonated — Continued 

Dodecyl sulfate, magnesium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, monoisopropanolamine salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, potassium salt 

*Dodecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

«Dodecyl sulfate, trlethanolamine salt 

2-Ethylhexyl sulfate 

7-Ethyl-2-methyl-'i-undeoyl sulfate 

Hexadeoyl, octadecenyl sulfate 

Hexadeoyl sulfate 

Octadecyl sulfate 

Octadecyl sulfate, trlethanolamine salt 

Ootyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Trldecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

All other 

»Esters and ethers, sulfated and sulfonated; 

Bis-sulfosuccinate ester of tallow monoglyceride 

BiECtridecyl)sulfosucclnate, sodium salt 

Butyl ethylene glycol sulfo-oleate 

n- Butyl siilfo-oleate 

n- Butyl sulforicinoleate 

Coco isethionate, sodium salt 

Dideoanoyl siilfosuccinate, sodiiim salt 

Dl(2-ethylhexyl)sulfosucclnate 

Dlhexyl sulfosueoinate 

Dipentyl sulfosueoinate, sodium salt 

Dodecyl sulfoacetate 

Glycerol mono( coconut oll)ester, sulfated, ammoniiim 

salt. 
Glycerol mono( coconut oil)ester, sulfated, sodium salt- 

Glycerol monostearate sulfoacetate 

Glycerol trl ( sulfo-oleate ) 

»Isopropyl sulfo-oleate 

Lauroyl-2-hydroxy-l-propane sulfonic acid 

Jfethyl, ethyl, propyl sulfo-oleate 

Jfethyl sulfo-oleate 

Octadecyl dlsodlumsuocino dlsodium sulfosuccinate 

Oleoyl isethionate, sodium salt 

Polyethoxyethyl dodecyl sulfate 

Polyethoxyethyl dodecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Polyethoxyethyl dodecyl sulfate, trlethanolamine salt — 

Polyethoxyethyl octadecyl sulfate 

»n- Propyl sulfo-oleate 

All other 

»Nitrogen-containlng surface-active agents, sulfated 

and sulfonated: 
N-(Aminoethyl)-N-(hydroxyethyl)octadeoanamlde, methyl 

sulfate. 
Coconut oil amide of Isopropanolamlne, sulfated, sodium 

salt. 
»Coconut oil amide of monoethanolamlne, sulfated, 

potassium salt. 
Coconut oil amide of monoethanolamlne, sulfated, sodium 

salt. 



AAC. 

JRG, PCS. 

PG. 

AAC, DUP, HLI, HLN, JRG, KEY, ONX, PCS, PG, RET, STP, 

SYC, TRP. 
AAC, DUP, HLI, KEY, ONX, PCS, PG, RET, STP, TRP. 
AAC, UCC, WTC. 
UCC. 
CJC. 

AAC, DUP, GGY. 
AAC, DUP, EMK, ONX, PG. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
AAC. 
PCS, X. 



ACY. 

ACY. 

SAN. 

AHC, 

DEC, 

DRW, 

RH. 

ACY, 

ACY, 

ACY. 

NAG. 

CP, 1 

CP. 

WTC. 

AHC, 

AHC, 

LUR, 

NOP. 

AHC. 

ACY. 

GAP. 

WTC. 

AAC, 

PG. 

DUP. 

ACY, 

DEX, 



AML, NOP, ONX, PC. 

NOP. 

GAF, LEV. 

AHC, AML, CRC, EMK, GGY, HRT, lOA, MRA, PC, QCP. 



DRW, MRV, NOP, SCP. 

BRY, DEX, HRT, QCP, SON, TXC. 

SDH. 



PCS, PG. 

BSC, EFH, EMR, LEA, MRV. 



DUP. 

APX, ONX, QCP, SON. 

DEX, EMK, HRT, ONX. 

AML, DEP, QCP. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



157 



TABLE 20B. —Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

*Sulfated and sulfonated acyclic surface-active agents — 
Continued 
«Nitrogen-contalning surface-active agents, sulfated and 

sulfonated — Cent inued 
N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)neat 's-foot oil amide, sulfated, 

ammonium salt. 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)octadecanamlde, sulfated 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)oleamide, sulfated 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl) tallow sulfosuocinamide 

N-Hydroxyethyl-N,N' ,N '-tris (hydroxypropyl)ethylene- 

diamine distearate, methyl sulfate. 

Lauroylsulfoacetoethanolamide, potassium salt 

N-Methyl-N-oleoyl taurine 

N-Methyl-N-palmitoyl taurine 

N-Methyl-N-tallow taurine 

N-(K/tyTistoylethyl)sulfosuccinamlde 

H-Octadecylsulfosuccinamlde, disodimn salt 

N-(Oleoylisopropyl) sulfosuocinamide 

Polyethoxyethyl mixed primary amines, sulfated 

N,N,N ',N '-Tetra]d.s-(2-hydroxypropyl)ethylenediamine 

dioleate, methyl sulfate. 

All other 

*011s, fats, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated: 
Animal fats and oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Grease, other than wool, sulfonated 

Lard oil, sulfonated 

»Neat's-foot oil, sulfonated 

»T allow, sulfonated 

Wool grease, sulfonated 

Fish and marine-animal oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 

»Cod oil, sulfonated 

Herring oil, sulfonated 

Mixed fish oils, sulfonated 

Partially hydrogenated fish oil, sulfonated 

<*Sperm oil, sulfonated 

Whale oil, siilfonated 

Vegetable oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 
*Castor oil, sulfonated 

*Cooonut oil, sulfonated 

Cottonseed oil, sulfonated 

Linseed oil, sulfonated 

Mustard-seed oil, sulfonated 

*Peanut oil, sulfonated 

Rapeseed oil, sulfonated 

*Rice-bran oil, sulfonated 

^Soybean oil, sulfonated 

All other oils, fats, and waxes, sulfated and 
sulfonated : 

Oleostearine, sulfonated 

*rall oil, sulfonated 

All other 

All other acyclic surface-active agents: 

Mixed alkane sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

All other 



f, GAF, HRT, MRA, NOP, VAL, WIC. 



APX. 

NOP. 

NOP, SCP. 
SCP. 
DU?. 

WTC. 

CRC, DEP, 
GAF. 
LEV. 

wrc. 

ACY. 
WTC. 
RH. 
DUP. 



NOP, WHW. 

APX, EFH, WAW, WHI. 

ACT, APX, FBC, KAL, LUR, MRD, NOP, OTT, PC, WHW. 

ACT, ACY, AHC, BRY, CRC, DRW, EFH, FRR, LEA, LUR, MRA, 

MRD, NOP, ONX, OTT, PC, QCP, ROY, SCP, SID, SON, SOS, 

WHI. 
FBC, WHI. 

ACT, DRW, EFH, FBC, MRD, NOP, OTT, SAN, WAW, WHI, WHW. 

NOP. 

SCO. 

AML. 

ACT, CI, DRW, EFH, FBC, HRT, KAL, KNG, LEA, MRD, NOP, 

ONX, OTT, QCP, RTC, SAN, SON, SWI, WBG, WHI, WHW. 
KHG. 

AAE, ACT, ACY, AHC, AML, APX, BRY, BSC, CI, CRC, DEX, 
DRW, DUP, EFH, FBC, GAF, HRT, KAL, KNG, LEA, LUR, 
MRA, MRD, MRV, NOP, ONX, OTT, PC, ROY, SAN, SCO, 
SCP, SLC, SON, SWr, WBG, WHI, WHW, WIU. 

ACY, LEA, LUR, MRD, NOP, RTC, WHW. 

NOP, RTC. 

LEA. 

LEA, LUR, NOP. 

ACY, AHC, LEA, NOP, ROY, RTC, SCP, SLC, SOS. 

NOP. 

DRW, EFH, HRT, KNG, LUR, NOP, OTT, ROY, x. 

DRW, HRT, KAL, LEA, MRD, ONX. 



ACY, AHC, APX, NOP, QCP, WHW. 
FRR. 



DUP. 

TN. 



158 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 
Pesticides and Other Organic Agricultural Chemicals 



TABLE 21B. — Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1960 

[ Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 21A are marked 
below with an asterisk (») ; products not so marked do not appear in table 21A. because the reported data are ac- 
cepted in confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from 
table 23. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PiSTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICAI5, CYCLIC 

^Fungicides: 

2,6-Bis(dimethylaininomethyl)cyolohexanone 

Captan (N-Trichloromethylthio-i-cyclohexene-l,2-dlcarbox- 
imlde) . 

Chloranil (Tetrachloro-p-quinone) 

5-Chloro-2-niercaptoben2othiazole, laurylpyridinium salt— 

Dichlone (2,3-Dich1nro-l,A-nq)hthoquinone) 

2,'i-Dichloro-6-(o-chloroanilino)-s-triazine 

3,5-Dimethyltetrahydro-2H,l,3,5-thiadiazine-2-thione 

Dodecylguanidine acetate 

Olyodin (2-Heptadecyl-2-imidazoline acetate) 

2-MErcaptobenzothiazole, monoethanolamine salt 

^Mercury fungicides: 

2-Chloro-4— (hydroxymercurijphenol 

N-(Ethylmercuri)-p-tcluenesulfonanilide 

1,4, 5,6,7, 7-Hexachloro-N-(ethylmercurl)-5-iiDrbomane- 
2,3-dicarbcixlmlde (Bnml). 

4-(Hydroxymercuri)-2-nitrophenol 

8- (Methyl mp rcurioxy ) quinoline 

2-(PhenyTiiiprcuriamino)ethyl acetate 

N-Phenylmerouriformamide 

Phenyl mprcuryammonium acetate 

Phenylmercury hydroxide 

Phenylmercury lactate 

Phenylmercury naphthenate 

Phenylmercury oleate 

Phenylmercury propionate 

Iris (2-hydroxyethyl)(phenylmercuri) ammonium lactate 

2-(l-Methylhfiptyl) -4,6-dinltrophenyl crotonate 
(Karathane) . 

«Naphthenic acid, copper salt 

»Pentachlorophenol 

Pentachlorophenol, sodium salt 

*8-Quinolinol (8-Hydroxyqulnoline), copper salt 

2,3,A,6-Tetrachlorophenol 

2,3,4,6-Tetrachlorophenol, sodiiim salt 

Trichloromethylthiophthalimlde 

»2,4,5-Trichlorophenol 

»2,4,5-Trichlorophenol, ethanolamine salt 

»2,4,5-Trichlorophenol, sodium salt 

2,A,6-Trichlorophenol 

2,'4,6-Trichlorophenol, potassium salt — ■■ 

•Herbicides and other plant hormones: 

l-n-Butyl-3-(3,4.-dichlorophenyl)-l-methylurea 

2-sec-Butyl-4,6-dlnitrophenol 

2-sec-Butyl-4,6-dinitrophenol, triethanolamine salt 

2-Chloro-4,6-bi8(ethylamino)-E-triazine 

2-Chloro-4-ethylamino-6-isopropylamlnD-s-trlazine 

3-(p-Chlorophenyl)-l,l-dlmethylurea (CMU)— - — 



MIL. 
CHO. 

USR. 
VNC. 

SF, USR. 
CHG. 

CLY, UCC. 
ACY. 
UCC. 
VNC. 

DUP. 
DUP. 
RBC. 

DUP. 

MIL. 

CLY. 

VIN. 

GUA, SCI. 

MIL, WRC. 

MIL. 

HNX, MIL. 

CLY, GUA, HNX, MIL. 

MIL. 

CLY. 

RH. 



FER, HNX, HSH, SHP, SM, SOC, SRR, TGL, WIC. 
FRO, ION, RCI. 
M3N. 
HNX, MTL. 



DOW, HK. 
GAF. 



CCA, 
DOW, 
DOW, 

GAM; 

DOW. 
DOW. 
CHO. 
DA, 
DOW, 
DOW, 
DA, 
CLY. 



DUP. 

DOW. 

DOW, SAC. 

GGY. 

GGY. 

DUP. 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS 



159 



TABLE 213,— Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer , i960- -Continued 



Mamif acturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICAI£, CYCLIC— Continued 

»Herbicides and other plant hormones — Continued 

3-(p-Chlorophenyl)-l,l-dlmethylurea trichloroaoetate 

2-(2,'i-Dichlorophenoxy)ethyl hydrogen sulfate, sodium 
salt. 

3-(3,'i-Dichlorophenyl)-l,l-dimethylurea 

3,^-Dichloropropionaiillide 

l,2-Dihydro-3,6-pyridaztnedione (Maleic hydrazide) 

l,l-Dimethyl-3-pheuyliirea 

l,l-Dlmethyl-3-phenylurea trichloroaoetate 

Dimethyl tetrachloroterephthalate 

4,6-Dinitro-o-cresol (DNOC) 

"ije-Dinitro-o-cresol, sodium salt (Sinox) 

Gibberellic acid 

Indolebutyric acid 

Isopropyl carbanilate (Isopropyl N-phenylcarbamate) (IPC) 
Isopropyl 3-chlorocarbanilate (Isopropyl N-(3-chloro- 

phenyl) carbamate) (CIPC). 
1-Naphthaleneacetic acid and derivatives: 

1-Naphthaleneacetamide 

1-Naphthaleneaoetic acid 

1-Naphthaleneacetic acid, methyl ester 

1-Naphthaleneacetic acid, sodiijm salt 

N-1-Naphthylphthalamic acid 

7-0xabicyclo[2,2,l]heptane-2,3-dicarboxylio acid, 

dlsodium salt (Endothal). 
Phenoxyacetic acid derivatives: 

(<+-Chloro-o-tolyloxy) acetic acid 

»(2,i-Diohlorophenoxy)acetic acid (2,'i-D) 

»(2,'4-Dichlorophenoxy)aoetic acid, dlmethylamine salt 

»(2,'4-Dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid esters: 

(2,<i-Dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, butoxyethoxypropyl 

ester. 
(2, 4-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, 2-butoxyethyl ester 
(2,4.-Diohlorophenoxy)aoetic acid, butoxypolypropyl- 
eneglycol ester. 

■»(2,A-Diohlorophenoxy)acetic acid, n-butyl ester 

( 2, ■i-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, sec-butyl ester 

(2, "i-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, ethyl ester 

(2,A-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, 2-ethylhexyl ester- 

*( 2, A-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, iso-octyl ester 

*(2,4-Dichlorophenoxy)acetio acid, isopropyl ester 

(2,A-Dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, propylene glycol 

ester. 
(2,'4-Diohlorophenoxy)acetic acid, tetrahydrofurfuryl 
ester. 

All other 

»(2,'i-Dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, sodium salt 

*(2,'i,5-Trlchlorophenoxy)acetic acid (2,'i,5-T) 

»(2,'i,5-Trichlorophenoxy)acetic acid esters: 

( 2, 'i,5-Trichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, butoxyethoxy- 
propyl ester. 
(2,A,5-Trichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, 2-butoxyethyl 

ester. 
(2,'»,5-Trichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, butoxypoly- 
propyleneglyool ester. 
»(2,'i,5-Trichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, n-butyl ester 



ACG. 






UCC. 






DUP. 






X. 






ACY, 


USR. 




DUP. 






ACG. 






DA. 






SAC. 






SAC. 






ABB, 


MRK 


PFZ. 


AHA. 






FMP, 


PPG. 




PPG. 






AMC. 






AMC, 


COK. 




AlC, 


COK. 




am:, 


BKL 


COK. 


USR. 






X. 






DOW, 


RIV. 




DA, 


DOW, 


MDN. 


AlC, 


DA, 


DOW, OTH, RIV 



AMC, DA, 


DOW, M5N, RIV 


MON. 




X. 




DA. 




DOW, MDN 


, OTH, RIV. 


AMD, DA, 


DOW, M)N, RIV 


RIV. 




OTH. 




DOW. 




DOW. 




DA, DOW, 


MDN. 


DA, MDN. 





DA, DOW, MDN, RIV. 



160 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 21B.- 



-Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by nuznufacturer , 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CffiMICAI^, CYCLIC— Continued 

*Herbicides and other plant hormones — Continued 
Phenoxyacetio acid derivatives — Continued 
»(2,"4,5-Trichlorophenoxy)acetio acid esters — Continued 
(2,^, 5-Trichlorophenoxy)aoetio acid, 2-ethylhexyl 
ester. 
»(2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, iso-octyl ester- 
(2,'4,5-Triohlorophenoxy)acetic acid, isopropyl ester- 
(2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy)aoetic acid, tetrahydro- 
furfuryl ester. 

All other 

■"■Phenylmercury acetate (PMA) 

N-Tolylphthalamic acid 

2-(2,4, 5-Trichlorophenoxy)ethyl 2,2-dichloropropionate 

(2,'4,5-Trichlorophenoxy)propionic acid 

Tris(2,'i-dichlorophenoxyethyl) phosphite 

Zino cyclohexylamine complex 

Insect attractants : 

<l-(p-Acetoxyphenyl)-2-butanone 

sec-Butyl 'i(and 5)-chloro-2-methyloyclohexanecarboxylate- 
tert-Butyl <i(and 5)-chloro-2-methylcyolohexanecarboxylate 
^Insecticides : 

Allethrin (Allyl homolog of Cinerin I) 

Benzyl thiocyanate 

Bis(S'-diethoxyphosthlnethioylmercapto)methane 

S,S-Bis(2,3-p-dioxanedithiol) 0,0-diethyl phosphorodl- 
thioate . 
»Chlorinated insecticides : 

Aldrin (Hexachloro-hexahydro-endo, exo-dimethano- 
naphthalene) . 

2,2-Bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethanol 

1, l-Bis(p-ohlorophenyl)-2-nitrobutane 

l,l-Bis(p-ohlorophenyl)-2-nltropropane 

2-(p-tert-Butylphenoxy)-l-methylethyl-2-chloroethyl 
sulfite (Aramite). 

Chlordan (Octachloro-tetrahydro-methanoindan) 

Chlorinated mixed terpenes (Strobane) 

p-Chlorophenyl p-chlorobenzenesulfonate 

S-(p-Chlorophenylthio)methyl 0,0-diethyl phosphoro- 
dithioate. 

p-Chlorophenyl 2,'4, 5-trichlorophenyl sulfone 

6-Chloropiperonyl chrysanthemummonocarboxylate 

■i, '''-Diohlorobenzilio acid 

l,l-Diohloro-2,2-bis(p-ohlorophenyl)ethane (DDD) 

l,l-Dichloro-2,2-bis(p-ethylphenyl)ethane 

1, l-Dichlo^o-2-(o-ohlo^ophenyl)-2-(p-chlo^ophenyl)- 
ethane. 

0-(2,4-Dichlorophenyl) 0,0-diethyl phosphorothioate 

4,4' -Diohloro-a-(trichlorcimethyl)benzhydrol 

Dieldrin (Hexachloro-epoxy-octahydro-endo, exo-di- 

methanonaphthalene) . 
0,0-Dimethyl 0-(2,4,5-triohlorophenyl) phosphoro- 
thioate. 
Endrin (Hexachloro-epoxy-octahydro-endo, endo-di- 

methanonaphthalene ) . 
Heptachlor (Heptaohloro-tetrahydromethanoindene) 



DOW, MON, OTH, RIV. 

DA, MON. 

OTH. 

DOW. 

BKM, CLY, GUA, MTL, SCI, WRC. 

USR. 

DOW. 

BKL, DOW. 

USR. 

BFG. 

TBK. 
TBK. 
TBK. 

BPC. 
HK. 
FMP. 
HPC. 



SHC. 

AHA. 
C(M. 
COM. 
USR. 

VEL. 
BFG. 

DA, DOW. 
SF. 

FMP. 

BPC. 

GGY. 

ACG, RH. 

RH. 

PIC. 

VC. 
RH. 
SHC. 



SHC, VEL. 
VEL. 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS 



161 



TABLE 2 IB. — Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHENCCALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

»Inseoticides — Continued 
♦Chlorinated insecticides — Continued 

*Hexachlorooyclohexane (Benzene hexaohloride ) 

♦Lindane 

Toxaphene (Chlorinated camphene) 

*l,l,l-Trichloro-2,2-bis(p-ohlorophenyl)ethane (DDT) 

l,l,l-Trichloro-2,2-bis(p-methoxyphenyl)ethane (Meth- 
oxychlor ) . 

2-Cyclohexyl-4,6-dinitrophenol 

0,0-Diethyl 0-(3-chloro-4-methylumbelliferone) phos- 

phorothloate . 
0,0-Diethyl 0-(2-isopropyl-4-methyl-6-pyrimidinyl ) 
phosphorothioate . 

0,0-Dlethyl 0-(2-pyTazinyl) phosphorothioate 

NjN-Diethyltoluamlde 

»0,0-Diniethyl O-(p-nitrophenyl) phosphorothioate (tfethyl 
parathlon ) . 
0,0-Dimethyl S-('4-oxo-l,2,3-benzotriazin-3(^H)- 

ylmethyl) phosphorodithioate. 
0-Bthyl 0-(p-nltrophenyl)ben2ene phosphorothioate (EPN) — 

Naphthyl methyloarbamate 

♦Parathion (0,0-Diethyl O-(p-nitrophenyl) phosphorothioate) 

Thanlte (Isobornyl thiooyanatoacetate) 

»Rodenticides: 

2-Isovaleryl-l,3-indandione 

2-Isovaleryl-l,3-indandione, calcium salt 

2-Pivaloyl-l,3-indandione 

Warfarin (3-(Acetonylbenzyl)-4-hydroxycoumarin) 

PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHIMICAI5, ACYCLIC 

»fMngicides: 

Bis-l,A-brc«iioacetoxybutene-2 

Cadmium succinate 

Calcium undecenoate (Calcium hendecenoate ) 

♦Dlmethyldithiocarbamlo acid, ferric salt (Ferbam) 

♦Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt (Ziram) 

Disodium cyanodi thiol m1 docarbonate 

Ethylene bis(dithloearbamic acid), diammonium salt 

♦Ethylene bis(dithlocarbamio acid), disodium salt (Nabam)- 
Ethylene biB(dithiocarbamic acid), manganese salt 
(Manzate). 

Ethylene bis(dithiocarbamio acid), zinc salt (Zineb) 

3-Ethyl-(mercurithio)-l,2-propanedlol 

Ethylmercury acetate 

Ethylmercury chloride 

Ethylmercury phosphate 

l^droxyethylmercury acetate 

2-Methoxyethylmercury acetate 

Methylmercury nitrile 

Zinc undecenoate (Zinc hendecenoate) 

Gameticides: a,p -Dichloroisobutyric acid, sodium salt 



ACG, DA, FRO, HK, PPG, SF. 
HK. 



HPC. 




ACG, 


DA, GGY, LEB, MTO, CMC 


DUP. 




DOff. 




CHG. 




GGY. 




ACY. 




CWL, 


HPC. 


MON, 


SHC, VEL, VIC. 


CHG. 




VIC. 




UCC. 




ACY, 


AMP, MON, VEL. 


BKC, 


HPC. 


INC. 




MOT. 




MOT, 


PIC. 


ABB, 


PEN. 



VIN. 












MAL. 












WTM. 












DUP, 


RBC, 


WRC. 








ALC, 


DUP, 


GYR, 


RBC, 


USR, 


WRC, X 


BKM. 












RBC. 












CIS, 


DUP, 


RBC, 


RH. 






DUP, 


RH. 










CIS, 


DUP, 


RH. 








DUP. 












DUP, 


mi. 










DUP, 


MIL. 










DUP. 












WRC. 












SCI, 


WRC. 










WRC. 












WTM. 













162 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 1960 



TABLE 21B. 



• Pesticides and other organic agrictdtural chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICAI^, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Herbicides and other plant hormones : 

Cacodylic acid 

2-Chloroallyl diethyldithlooarbamate 

N, N-Diallyl-2-ohloroacetamide 

2,3-Diohloroallyl diisopropyl thiocarbamate 

2,2-Dichloropropionic acid, sodium salt 

Diethyl dithiobis(thlonoformate) 

0,0-Dimethyl 2,2,2-trichloro-l-n-butyTyloxyethyl 
phosphonate. 

Ethyl N,N-dl-u-propy\thlocarbamate 

Hexachloroacetone 

«Methanearsonlc acid, disodium salt 

Octyldodecylammoniunmethyl arsenate 

S,S,S-Trlbutyl phosphorotrlthioate 

Trichloroacetic acid, sodium stilt (TCA) 

•Insecticides : 

Aliphatic thlocyanates 

0-(2,2-Dlohlorovlnyl) 0,0-dimethyl phosphate (DDVP) 

0,0-Dlethyl S-2-(ethylthlo) ethyl phosphorodithioate 

0,0-Diethyl 0-[2-(ethylthlo)ethyl] phosphorothioate 

0,0-Dlethyl S-[2-(ethylthio)ethyl] phosphorothioate 

0,0-Dlethyl S-(ethylthlo)methyl phosphorodithioate 

Diethyl phosphorochlorldothioate 

0,0-Dlethyl phosphorochlorodithloate 

0,0-Dlmethyl 0-(2-methoxycarbonyl)isopropenyl phosphate — 
0,0-Dlmethyl S-(N-methylcarbamoylmethyl) phosphoro- 
dithioate. 

Dimethyl phosphorochlorldothioate 

0,0-Dlmethyl phosphorochlorodithloate 

Ethyl pyrophosphate (Tetraethyl pyrophosphate) (TEPP) 

Malathlon (S-(l,2-Bis(ethoxycarbonyl)ethyl) 0,0-dimethyl 
phosphorodithioate ) . 

Metaldehyde 

Rodenticides : Sodium fluoroacetate 

Soil conditioners : Polyaorylonltrile, hydrolyzed, sodium 
salt. 
»Soil fumlgants: 

*Brcoicinethane (Methyl bromide) 

Chloropicrln 

»lj2-Dibrcino-3-chloropropane 

1,2-Dichloropropane 

1,3-Dlohloropropane 

1,3-Dlohloropropene 

N-Methyldlthlocarbamlc acid, sodium salt 



ASL. 
MON. 






MON. 
MON. 






DOW. 






RBC. 






CHG. 






SF. 






ACQ. 






ASL, 


CLY, 


VIN. 


VIN. 






CHG, 


VC. 




DC«. 






RH. 






MTR, 


SHC. 




CHG; 






CHG. 






CHG. 






ACY. 






VIC. 






MON. 






SHC. 






ACY. 






VIC. 






MON. 






AMP, 


OTH, 


TGL. 


ACY. 






CCM. 






RBC. 






ACY. 






AMP, 


DOW, 


GLC, KLK, MCH 


DOW, 


IMC. 




AMP, 


DCW, 


SHC. 


DOW, 


SHC. 




DOW. 






DOW, 


SHC. 




DUP, 


SF. 





MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 163 

Miscellaneous Synthetic Organic Chemicals 

TABLE 22B. —Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1960 

' Miscellaneous chemicals for which separate etatletlos are given in table 22A are marked below with an asterisk (») ; 
ohemioals not so marked do not appear in table 22A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may 
not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x signifies that the 
manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHMICALS, CYCLIC 

2-Aminobenzothiazole 

Barium octylphenate 

Benzoic acid salts: 

Aluminum benzoate 

»Sodium benzoate, tech 

»Sodium benzoate, U.S.P 

p-Benzoquinone (p-Quinone) 

Benzothiazole 

♦Benzoyl peroxide 

Benzoylresorcinol 

p-Benzylamlnophenol hydrochloride 

Biological stains 

Bis[5-chloro-2-hydroxyphenyl] sulfite 

BiB(2,<i-dlchlorobenzoyl) peroxide 

Boron fluoride-phenol complex 

a- [2- ( 2-Butoxyethoxy) ethoxy] -A-, 5-methylenedioxy-2-propyl- 
toluene (Piperonyl butoxide) . 

p-tert-Butylbenzoic acid, barium bis-salt 

2(and 3)-tert-Butyl-4-methoxyphenol 

tert-Butyl peroxybenzoate 

4-tert-Butylpyrocatechol 

Cajnphene 

Centralite-l (N,N'-Diethyl-N,N'-diphenylurea) 

Chemical indicators 

Chemical reagents 

3-Chloroooumarin 

Chlorophyllin, sodium-potassium-copper 

Cholesterol 

Cumene hydroperoxide 

Cyclohexanone peroxide 

Cyclohexene-1, 2-dicarboxylic acid (Tetrahydrophthalic 
acid), di substituted, polyester salts; 

Barium salt 

Barium cadmium salt 

Cadmium salt 

1,4-Cyolohexylenedimethanol 

N-Cyclohexyltaurlne, sodium salt 

Cyolopentanepropionic acid 

Cyclopentanepropionyl chloride 

♦Cyclopropane 

Cytldlne and derivatives 

Decahydronaphthalene (Decalin) 

Decyl diphenyl phosphite 

n-Deoylgallophenone 

Deoxyribonucleic acid 

Diazodinitrophenol 

l,3-Dibromo-5,5-dimethylhydantoin 



FMT. 
ROS. 

GAF. 

HN, TNP. 

HK, HN, MON, TNP. 

EKT, HSH. 

ACY. 

CAD, SDH, WTL. 

GAF. 

EK. 

HLC, NAC. 

OPC. 

CAD. 

ACQ. 

FMP. 



CCA. 

EKT, 

WTL. 

DOW. 

OLD, 

PAS. 

EK, 

ACQ, 

TBK. 

KCH. 



HLC, LAM, NAC. 
AHA, EK, FIN, GAM, HLC, LAV, MAL, NAC, PIC, PLN. 



HPC. 
WTL. 



DEC. 

DEC. 

DEC. 

EKT. 

GAF. 

ARA. 

ARA. 

MAL, OH, CMS, TAE. 

SBR. 

DUP. 

HKP. 

ARA. 

SBR. 

HPC. 

ARA. 



164 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 

TABLE 22B. --Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, i960— Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHIMICAI3, CYCLIC- -Continued 

*2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol: 

*Food grade 



2,5-Di-tert-butyIhydroquinone 

l,3-Dichloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin 

p-(Diohlorosulfajooyl)benzoio acid (Halazone) 

Dicyolohexylajnmonlmn nitrite 

Dicyclopentadienyliron 

Dideoyl phenyl phosphite 

2,5-Diethoxyaniline 

2,2'-Dihydroxy-'4,<4'-diinethoxybenzophenone 

2,6-Dihydroxyisonlcotinic acid (2,6-Dihydroxy-i-oarboxy- 
pyridine). 

3, 5-Diiodosalioylic acid 

Dilsopropylenebenzene hydroperoxide 

2,5-Dimethoxyaniline 

»p-Dimethoxybenzene (Dimethyl ether of hydroqulnone ) 

Dimethyl xylyl phosphate 

'i,'i-Dinitrocarbanilide-'i,6-dimethyl-2-pyTiinidinol 

Dloxane (1,'i-Diethylene oxide) 

Diphenyl hydrogen phosphite 

Diphenylpentaerythritol dlphosphlte 

l,2-Epoxy-3-phenoxypropane (Glyoidyl phenyl ether) 

6-Ethoxy-m-anol (Propenylmethylguaethol) 

5-Ethyl-10,10-diphenylphenazasiline 

Ethylenediaminebis[o-l^droxyphenylacetic acid], monosodium 
ferric salt. 

2-Ethylhexyl octylphenyl phosphite 

Ethyl hydrooaffeate 

4-Ethylmorpholine 

l-Ethyl-3-(5-nitro-2-thiazolyl)urea 

Ethyl 2-phenylbutyrate 

Fenohone 

"Flotation reagents: 

Dioresylphosphorodithioio acid (Dicresylthiophosphoric 
acid). 

Dioresylphosphorodithioic acid, ammonium salt 

Dicresylphosphorodithioio acid, sodium salt 

2,2' -Dimethylthlocarbanilide (Di-o-tolylthiourea) 

Rosin amines 

Thiocarbanilide (Diphenylthiourea) 

Furan derivatives: 

2-Furaldehyde (Furfural) 

2-Furoic acid 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol 

Gallic acid, tech 

"Gasoline additives : 

p-Butylaminophenol 

2,6-Di-tert-butylphenol 

*N,N '-Di -sec -butyl -p-phenylenediamine 

■»N,N'-Disalicylidene-l,2-propanediaiiiine 

Methylcyclopentadienylmanganese tricarbonyl 

2,2 '-Thiobis[6-tert-butylphenol] 

All other 

Glyceryl p-aminobenzoate 

»Hexamethylenetetramine, tech 

2-Hydroxy-A-methoxybenzophenone 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



CAT, EKT, HPC, KPT, SHC. 

ACY, BFG, CAT, EKT, HPC, KPT, SHC. 

EKT. 

GLY. 

ABB. 

*IC. 

TNA. 

HKP. 

EKT. 

GAF. 

EK. 

MET. 

HPC. 

EKT. 

ASL, EKT, FBS. 

TNA. 

MRK. 

UCC. 

HKP. 

HKP 

SHC. 

FBS. 

MRK. 

GGY. 

VC. 
FBS. 

JCC, UCC. 
MRK. 
MAL. 

hn;.'. 

ACY. 

ACY. 
KCU. 
DUP. 
HPC. 
ACY, MON. 

QKO. 
QKO. 
QKO. 
HSH, MAL. 



DUP. 
TMA. 
DUP, 
DUP, 
TNA. 
CAT. 
EKT, 

X. 

BOH, 
GAF. 



EKT, UPM. 

EKT, SOI, SPP, UPM. 



UPM. 

DUP, Hiffi, HN, PLS, UCP. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



165 



TABLE 22B. --Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



KnSCELLANEOUS CHEMCAI^, CYCLIC— Continued 

Hydroxyniethyl-5,5-dlmethylhydantoin 

2-Imidazolidinethione (l,3-Ethylene-2-thiourea) 

Isopropylcresols 

Llgninsulfonic acid-iron complex 

»Lubricating oil additives: 

Chlorosulfurized and sulfurized compounds: 

Alicyclic compounds, sulfurized 

Heterocyclic compounds, sulfurized 

Tall oil ester, sulfurized 

Terpenes, sulfurized 

Liquid disulfide 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonates: 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, anmonium salt 

»Oil-soluble petroleiim sulfonate, barium salt 

»Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt 

*Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

Phenol salts: 

Barium salt of dodeeylphenol 

Barium salt of nonylphenol 

Barium salts of other alkylphenols 

Calcium salt of octylphenol-formaldehyde 

Calcium salt of polypropylphenol 

Calcium salts of other alkylphenols 

All other 

Phosphorodithioates (Dithiophosphates) 

All other 

p-Menthane 

8-p-Menthyl hydroperoxide 

4-Methoxyphenol 

Methylbenzylphenol mixture 

2,2'-Methylenebis[6-tert-butylphenol] 

2,2'-Methylenebis [4-chlorophenol] (Dichlorophene)- 

4,4'-Methylenebis(2,6-di-tert-butylphenol] 

2,2'-Methylenebis [3,'i,6-trichlorophenol ] (Hexachlorophene) • 
2,2' -Methylenedi -p-cresol ( Bis{ 5-methyl-2-hydroxyphenyl) - 
methane) . 

Methyl gallate 

Methylglucoside 

"i-Methylmorpholine 

Methyl phenyl phosphates 

l-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone, monomer 

Methyl terpinyl ether 

Morpholine 

Morpholine oleate 

Morpholine salt of p-toluenesulfonlc acid 

»Naphthenic acid salts: 

Aluminum naphthenate 

Barium naphthenate 

Cadmium naphthenate 

»Caloium naphthenate 

Chromium naphthenate 

Cobalt lead manganese naphthenate 

•Cobalt naphthenate 

»Iron naphthenate 

»Lead naphthenate 



GLX. 

PAS, RBC. 
CP, GIV. 
CRZ. 



SIN, SOI. 

ORO. 

LUB. 

LUB. 

HK. 



SIN. 

ACY, ATR, CO, LUB, SIN, SON, X. 

CO, LUB, ORO, SHO, SIN, SOI, SON. 

CO, MOR, NOP, PAR, SHO, SOC, SOI, SON, SUN. 



CCA. 
LUB. 
SHC. 
ORO. 
LUB, 
ACY, 
ORO, 
EN J, 
HNW, 
HNW, 
ASL, 
DOW. 
GAT. 
GIV. 
SHC. 
GIV. 
GIV. 



SIN. 

ENJ, GDC, LUB, MON, ORO, SIN. 

X. 

GDC, MON, ORO, TNA, VC. 

HPC. 

HFC. 

EKT, FBS. 



HSH. 

CRN. 

JCC, UCC. 

TNA. 

GAF. 

HPC. 

JCC, UCC. 

PCH. 

AMB. 

HSH. 

X. 

CCA. 

CCA, FER, HNX, HSH, SHP, SOC, SPP, SRR, SW, WTC. 

HNX. 

HNX, HSH, SW. 

CCA, CCC, CS, FER, HNX, HSH, SHP, SOC, SPP, SRR, SW, 

WTC. 
CCA, CCC, HNX, HSH, SOC, SRR, WTC. 
CCA, CCC, CCW, FER, HNX, HSH, SHP, SOC, SPP, SRR, SW, 

WTC, X. 



166 



TABLE 22B. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 

-Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S, production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, i960— Continued 



Chemical 



NaSCELLANEOUS CHEMICAIS, CYCLIC— Continued 

•Naphthenio aold salts —Continued 

Lithium naphthenate 

^Manganese naphthenate 

Mercury naphthenate 

Nickel naphthenate 

Rare earths naphthenate 

Strontium naphthenate 

»Zinc naphthenate 

Organic mercury compounds: 

Phenyl mercuric borate 

Pyridyl mercuric acetate 

All other 

Phenol thiosulfonlc acid 

2-Phenoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monophenyl ether) 

2-(2-Phenoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol phenyl 
ether) . 

Phenyl acid phosphate 

2,2' -(p-Phenyleneoxy)diethanol (2,2-Paraphenylenedioxy- 
diethanol) . 

Phenylmagneslum bromide 

-i-Phenylmorpholine 

5-Phosphorylribose-l-pyrophosphate 

»Photographic chemicals: 

3-Aiiiino-l,2,<V-triazole (5-Amino-l,3,A-triazole) 

«Benzotriazole 

Catechol ( Pyrooatechin) 

5-Chlorobenzotriazole 

3-Chloro-A-diethylaminobenzenediazonlum chloride 

(p-Diazo-2-chloro-N,N-diethylaniline) - zinc chloride. 

2,<i-Diaminophenol dihydrochloride (Amidol) 

2,5-Diethoxy-4-diethylaminobenzenediazonium chloride - 

zinc chloride. 
2,5 -Die thoxy-4-morpholinobenzenedi azonium chloride 
(l-N-Morpholino-<i-diazo-2,5-diethoxybenzene) - zinc 
chloride. 
«p-Diethylaminobenzenediazonlum chloride (p-Diazo-N,N- 
diethylaniline) - zinc chloride. 

N,N-Diethyl-p-phenylenediamine hydrochloride 

N,N-Dlethyltoluene-2,5-diamine, monohydrochloride 

2,5-Dihydroxybenzenesulfonic acid 

p-Dimethylaminobenzenediazonium chloride (p-Diazo- 
N,N-dlmethylaniline) - zinc chloride. 

2,5-Dimethylbenzothlazole 

p-(N-Ethylbenzimido)benzenediazonlum chloride (p-Dlazo-N- 

benzyl-N-ethylaniline) - zinc chloride. 
p-[Ethyl(2-hydroxyethyl) amino Jbenzenediazonium chloride 
(p-Diazo-N-ethyl-N-hydroxyethylaniline) - zinc chloride 

N-Ethyl-N-hydroxyethyl-p-phenylenediamine sulfate 

N-Ethyl-N-( p-methanesulfonamidoethyl) toluene-2,5-dlamine 
sulfate. 

Hydroquinone ( Hydroquinol) 

p-[(2-Hydroxyethyl)methylamino] benzenediazonium chloride 
(p-Dlazo-N-hydroxyethyl-N-methylaniline) - zinc 
chloride. 
3-Hydroxy-N-( 2-hydroxyethyl) -2-naphthaniide (P -Oxynaph- 
thoicmonoethanolamide) . 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



CCA. 

CCA, CCC, PER, HNX, HSH, SHP, SOC,' SPP, SRR, SW, WTC. 

HNX, MIL. 

CCA. 

CCA, HNX. 

CCA. 

CCA, CCC, FEE, HNX, HSH, SHP, SOC, SRR, SW, WTC. 

WRC. 

MAL. 

MTL. 

GAF. 

DOW, UCC. 

DOW. 

VC. 
EKT. 

ARA. 
UCC. 
PBS. 

FMT. 

EK, FMT, MRT. 

KPC. 

FMT. 

FMT. 

VPC. 
FMT. 



FMT, OAF, IDC, MRT. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

EK. 

FMT, IDC. 

FMT. 
FMT, MRT. 



FMT, IDC. 



IDC. 
EKT. 



CRS, EKT. 
FMT, IDC. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

TABLE 22B. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, i960— Continued 



167 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCUC— Continued 

•Photographic chemicals — Continued 

N-(p-Hydroxyphenyl) glycine 

4-Methoxy-l-naphthol 

p-Methylnmi nophenol sulfate (Metol) 

5-Methylbenzotriazole 

2-)fcthylbenzoxazole 

2-Methylnaphthoxazole 

6-Nitrobenz Imidazole 

Phenyl-5-mercaptotetrazole 

l-Phenyl-3-pyTazolidone 

A-Phenylpyrocatechol 

^,•4' -Thlodiresorcinol (Diresoroyl sulfide) 

All other 

Phthalic acid, lead salt, dibtisic 

Pinene 

Polyethylene terephthalate 

•Propyl gallate 

Purine and pyrlmidlne derivatives 

Pyrogallol (Pyrogallic acid) 

P-Resorcylic acid (2,4-Dihydroxybenzoic acid), lead salt- 
•Rosin acid salts: 

Aluminum reslnate 

Calcium resinate 

Calcium zinc reslnate 

Cobalt resinate 

Copper resinate 

Iron reslnate 

Lead reslnate 

Manganese resinate 

Zinc resinate 

Salicylanllide, polybrominated 

Salicylic acid, lead salt 

Silicones 

Sulfosalicylic acid 

Sodium cresoxlde (Cresylic acid, sodium salt) 

Tall oil fatty acyl chloride 

»Tall oil salts ( Lino lelc -rosin acid salts): 

Barium zinc tallate 

Calcium tallate — 

•Cobalt tallate 

•Copper tallate 

Iron tallate 

Lead manganese tallate . — 

•Lead tallate 

•Manganese tallate 

Zinc glyceryl tallate 

Zinc tallate 

Tannic acid 

•Tanning materials, synthetic: 

Hydroxytoluenesulfonlc acid, formaldehyde condensate 
(Cresol-formaldehyde sulfonate), sodium salt. 
»2-N«phthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate and 
salts. 



IDC. 

EKT. 

EK, HSH. 

EK. 

FWT. 

FMT. 

EK, FMT. 

FMP. 

GGY. 

EKT. 

BKC. 

FMT. 

NTL. 

OLD, HPC. 

DUP, EK. 

EKT, FIN, HN, HSH. 

PBS, SBR. 

HSH, MAL. 

CIT. 

JMS, MAL. 

JMS, SRfi, SW. 

JOD. 

WTC. 

JMS. 

JMS. 

HSH, JMS, SRR. 

JMS, SRR. 

GLD, JMS, SW. 

FIN. 

NTL. 

DCC, SPD. 

MON, MRK. 

DEX, GOC. 

OAF. 



HSH. 
CCA, 
CCA, 
CCA, 
CCA, 
HSH. 
CCA, 
CCA, 
CCA. 
CCA, 
MAL. 



HNX, WTC. 

CCC, FER, HNX, HSH, SHP, SRR, WTC. 

HNX, SHP. 

HNX, SRR, WTC. 

CCC, FER, HNX, HSH, SHP, SRR, WTC. 

CCC, FER, HNX, HSH, SHP, SRR, WTC. 

HNX, HSH. 



GAF, GGY. 

GRD, NAC, NOP, NYC, RH. 



168 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 22B, — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1960— Continued 



Manufacturers ' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEhQCALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

♦Tanning materials, synthetic — Continued 

2-Naphtholsulfonlc acid, formaldehyde condensate 

l-PhenDl-2-sulfonlc acid, formaldehyde condensate 

1-Phenol— 4-Eulfonic acid, fonnaldehyde condensate 

Styrene malelc anhydride interpolymer, partial sodium 
salt. 

Sulfonyldiphenolsulfonlo acid, formaldehyde condensate 

2-Terpinoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol terpinyl ether) 

Tetra(diphenylphosphito)pentaerythrltol 

l,2,3,A-Tetrahydronaphthalene (Tetralin) 

Tetrahydro-2-naphthylmethylidyne-l-octadecenylpyrimldine 

Tetrahydrothlophene 

Tetraphenylbutadlene 

Textile chemicals, other than surface-active agents: 

N-Benzyl(and N,N-dlbenzyl)-p-sulfanilic acid 

l,3-Bis(hydroxymethyl)-2-tmidazolidone (Dimethylol 
ethylene urea). 

1- [(Octadecyloxy)methyl]pyridinium chloride 

Phenol, sulfurated 

Protalbinlc acid 

2,2' ,A-, A -Tetrahydroxybenzophenone 

2,2'-Thlobis[';-chlorophenol] 

2,2'-Thiobis["i,6-dichlorophenol] 

o-Tolylblguanlde 

3,U,K' -Trichlorocarbanilide 

Tri-(m,p)-oresyl borate 

s-Trioxane 

Triphenyl phosphite 

l-Viiiyl-2-pyrrolidlnone, monomer 

l-Vinyl-2-pyrrolldlnone, polymer 

l-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone - vinyl acetate copolymer 

MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICAI^, ACYCLIC 

»Acetaldehyde 

Acetamide 

Acetamidine hydrochloride 

2-Acetflinidoethanol (N-Acetylethanolamine) 

Acethydrazlde trimethylaramonlum chloride 

*Acetic acid, synthetic, lOOit 

*Acetic acid salts : 

Aluminum acetate 

Aluminum subacetate 

»Aramonium acetate 

Barium acetate 

Cadmium acetate 

Calcium acetate 

Chromium acetate 

Cobalt acetate 

Copper acetate 

Lead acetate 

Lead subacetate 

Lead tetraacetate 

Magnesium acetate 

Manganese acetate 



NOP. 












NOP, 


RH. 










NOP. 












DUP. 












GAF. 












HPC. 












HKP. 












DUP. 












SPP. 












ORO, 


PAS. 










AHA. 












GAF. 












ACY, 


DEX. 










DUP. 












GAF. 












CM}. 












GAF. 












GIV. 












CAT, 


MDN, 


SDH. 








U3N. 












ICIN. 












USB. 












GEL. 












HKP, 


MDN. 










GAF. 












GAF, 


SH. 










GAF. 












BFG, 


CEL, 


COM, 


DUP, 


EKT, 


EKX, HPC, MFC, PUB, UCC 


ACG. 












MRK. 












RBC, 


UCC. 










ARA. 












CEL, 


COM, 


EKT, 


HPC, 


PUB, 


UCC. 


ACY, 


NOP, 


UCC. 








MAL. 












ACG, 


BKC, 


MAL. 








ACG, 


BKC, 


MAL. 








ACG, 


MAL. 










ACG, 


BKC, 


MAL. 








ACY. 












BKC, 


HSH, 


SHP. 








ACG, 


BKC, 


UCC. 








ACG, 


BKC, 


MAL, 


NTL, 


SRR, 


SiV. 


ACG, 


BKC, 


MAL. 








AHA. 












ACG, 


MAL. 










HSH, 


SHP. 











MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



169 



TABLE 22B. —Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

»Acetic acid salts — Continued 

Mercuric acetate 

Nickel acetate 

^Potassium acetate 

Silver acetate 

Sodium acetate 

»Zinc acetate 

Zirconium acetate 

All other 

*Acetic anhydride, IOO56: 

From acetaldehyde 

From ethylene 

From recovered acetic acid tiy the vapor-phase process- 
From acetic acid (other than recovered) by the vapor- 
phase process. 
Acetin: 

jfcno 

Di- ■ 

Tri - ■ 

»Acetone : 

By fermentation 

From cumene 

»fFrom isopropyl alcohol 

All other 

Acetone semicarbazone 

Acetone, sodium bisulfite 

Aoetonitrile 

Acetyl chloride 

Acetylenedicarboxylic acid 

Acetyl peroxide 

N-Acetyl-dl-serine 

Acrolein (Acrylaldehyde) 

Acrylic acid 

Acrylic monomers not specifically listed 

*Acrylonitrlle 

»Adipic acid 

Adiponitrile 

»Alcohols, monohydric, unsubstituted : 
»Alcohols C9 or lower: 

Allyl alcohol 

Anyl alcohols : 
Unmixed: 

Anjrl alcohol (n-Pentyl alcohol) 

Isopentyl alcohol ( Isoamyl alcohol) 

2-Methyl-2-butanol (tert-Anorl alcohol) 

2-Pentanol 

Mixed: 

Fusel oil, crude 

Fusel oil, refined 

Other than fusel oil; 

Primary mixed 

Secondary mixed 

Other 



ACG, 


BKG, 


MAL. 






BKC, 


HSH, 


SHP. 






ACG, 


BKG, 


MAL, 


UCC. 




MAL. 










ACG, 


BKC, 


CEL, 


EKT, 


MAL, UCC 


ACG, 


BKG, 


HSH, 


MAL, 


UCC. 


NTL. 










UCC. 










HPC. 










UCC. 










GEL. 










CEL, 


EKT. 








KES. 










KES. 










EKT. 










PUB. 










ACP, 


HPC, 


SHC, 


SOC. 




EKT, 


EN J, 


SHC, 


UCC. 




CEL. 










NOR. 










FMT. 










EKX, 


UCC. 








TBK. 










NAG. 










WTL. 










SBR. 










SHC, 


UCC. 








BFG, 


RH, 


UCC. 






RH. 










ACY, 


BFG, 


DUP, 


MTC, 


UCC. 


GS, 


DUP, 


MDN, 


NAG. 




GS, 


DUP. 








DOW, 


SHC. 








PAS. 










FB, 


USI. 








PAS. 










PAS. 










USI. 










COM, 


PUB, 


USI. 






EKX, 


PAS, 


UCC. 






PAS. 










PAS. 











608094 O -61 -U 



170 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 

TABLE 22B. —Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, J560— Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

*Alcohols, monohydric, unsubstituted — Continued 
»Alcohols Cg or lower — Continued 
»Butyl alcohols: 
Primary: 

Iso (Isopropylcarbinol)' 

♦Normal (n-Propylcarbinol) 

Secondary (Methylethylcarbinol) 

Tertiary (Trimethylcarbinol) 

Mixed 

»Ethyl alcohol, synthetic 

2-Ethyl-l-butanol (sec-Hexyl alcohol) 

2-Ethyl-l-hexanol 

Hexyl alcohol 

l-Hexyn-3-ol 

3-Hexyn-2-ol 

*Iso-octyl alcohols 

♦Isopropyl alcohol 

♦Methanol, synthetic 

3-Methyl-3-pentanol 

4-Methyl-2-pentanol (1-Methylisobutylcarbinol) 

3-Methyl-l-pentyn-3-ol (Methylparafynol) 

*1-Octanol 

*2-0ctanol 

Octanols, mixed 

Propyl alcohol (Propanol) 

2-Propyn-l-ol 

All other 

♦Alcohols Cio and higher: 

Decyl alcohols 

3,9-Diethyl-6-tridecanol 

Dodecyl alcohol (Lauryl alcohol) 

7-Ethyl-2-methyl-4-hendecanol 

*l-Hex«decanol (Cetyl alcohol) 

1-Octadeoanol (Stearyl alcohol) 

cis-9-Octadecen-l-ol (Oleyl alcohol) 

l-Tridecanol 

2,6,8-Trimethyl-4-nonanol 

All other 

Aldol (Acetaldol) 

Alkyl dinitriles 

Alltylene oxides, mixed 

Alkyl sulfides 

Allyl cyanide 

l-Allyl-3- ( 2-hydroxyethyl) -2-thlourea ( N-p-Hydroxyethyl 
N'-allylthiourea) . 

Allyl isothiocyanate, nonflavoring grade 

Allyl methacrylate 

l-(Allyloxy)-2,3-epoxypropane (Allyl glyoidyl ether) 

3-(Allyloxy)-l,2-propanediol (Allyl glyceryl ether) 

Aluminum isopropoxide (Aluminum isopropylate) 

Amidinourea (Guanylurea) phosphate 

Amidinourea (Guanylurea) sulfate 

♦Amines : 

♦Butylamine 

tert-Butylamine 

Cetyldimethylamine 

Coco alkylenediamlnes 

♦Coconut oil amine 

Diallylamlne 

Dibutylamine 

♦Diethylamine 



CEL, 


DUP, 


EKT, EKX, UCC. 




CEL, 


DUP, 


PUB, UCC. 




ENJ, 


SHC. 






SHC. 








CEL, 


EKX. 






DUP, 


EKX, 


ENJ, HPC, SHC, UCC, USI. 




UCC. 








CEL, 


EKX, 


UCC. 




CEL, 


ENJ, 


UCC. 




AIR. 








LIL. 








EKX, 


ENJ, 


GOC, SOI. 




ENJ, 


SHC, 


UCC. 




ACN, 


CEL, 


COM, DUP, ESC, HPC, MAL, MFC, 


SPN, UCC 


AIR. 








SHC, 


UCC. 






AIR. 








DUP. 








RH, 


WTH. 






PG. 








CEL, 


DUP, 


UCC. 




GAP. 








AIR, 


CEL, 


EKX. 




DUP, 


ENJ, 


PG, SOI, UCC. 




UCC. 








DUP, 


PG. 






UCC. 








ADM, 


DUP, 


WTH. 




ADM, 


DUP, 


PG. 




ADM, 


DUP. 






ENJ. 








UCC. 








ADM, 


DUP, 


GOC, PG, RH. 




UCC. 








CLB. 








DOW. 








ORO. 








RBC. 








FMT, 


IDC. 






FBS. 








SAR. 








SHC. 








SHC. 








OKI, 


SFA. 






ACY. 








ACY. 








EKT, 


PAS, 


UCC. 




MTC, 


RH. 






ONX. 








ARC, 


GNM. 






ADM, 


ARC 


GNM. 




SHC. 








PAS, 


UCC 






DUP, 


PAS, 


UCC. 





MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

TABLE 221i.— Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, J960— Continued 



17) 



kaSCELLANEOUS CHEMICAIS, ACyCLlC--Continued 

•Amines — Continued 

Diethylamine hydrochloride 

2,2'-Dlethyldihexylamine 

Diethylenetriamine 

N,N-Diethylethylenedi amine 

N^,N^-Diethyl-l,<+-pentanediaiid.ne (Novoldiamlne) 

N,N-Diethyl-l,3-propanediamine 

Diisopropylamine 

»DimethylaiTQ.ne 

Dimethy lamina sulfate 

NjN-Dimethylootadecylamine (Stearyldimethylamine) — 

N,N-Dimethyl-l,3-propanediaiiiine 

Dipentylamine (Diamylamine) 

Dipropylamine 

Dlpropylenetri amine 

Dodecylamine 

Ethylamine 

Ethylenedi amine 

Ethylenediamine dihydroohloride 

Fish oil amines, hydrogenated 

Hexadecylamine 

1,6-Hexanediamine (Hexamethylenediamine) 

3,3'-Iminotiispropylamine 

Isobutylamine 

Isopropylamine 

»Methylamine, mono- 

Octadeoylamine 

»Ootylamine 

Oleylaliylamlnes 

Oleylamine 

Pentylamine (Monoamylamine) 

Primary amines, mixed 

1,2-Propanediamine (Propylenediamine ) 

1,3-Propanedi amine 

Propylamine 

Soya alkylamines 

Soybean oil amine 

Tallow alky lenedi amines 

Tallow amine 

»Tallow amine, dihydrogenated 

»Tallow amine, hydrogenated 

Tallow methylamines , dihydrogenated 

N-Tallow-l,3-propanediamine 

Tetraethylenepentamine 

N,N,N',N'-Tetramethyl-l,3-tfatanediamine 

N, N,N',N' -let ramethylethy lenedi amine 

Tetrapropenyldiethylenetriamine 

Tributylamine 

Tricaprylylamine 

Triethylamine 

Triethylenetetramine 

»Trimethylamlne 

Trimethylethylenediamine 

Tripentylamine 

Tripropylamine 

All other 

Amine acid reaction products 

2-Amlno-l-butanol 

2-Aminoethanethiol hydrochloride 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



BKL. 
UCC. 

DOW, UCC. 
COK. 
SDH. 
UCC. 

PAS, UCC. 
COM, DUP, 
RH. 



PAS, RH. 



ARC, X. 




UCC. 




EK, PAS. 




PAS. 




UCC. 




ARC, GNM. 




PAS, UCC. 




DOW, UCC. 




BKC, NES. 




ADM. 




ADM, ARC. 




CS, DUP. 




UCC. 




PAS. 




PAS, UCC. 




COM, DUP, 


PAS, RH. 


ARC, GNM. 




ALB, ARC, 


RH, UCC. 


ARC, GNM. 




ARC, GNM. 




ALB, PAS. 




RH. 




UCC. 




UCC. 




PAS, UCC. 




ARC. 




ARC, GNM. 




ARC, GNM. 




ADM, ARC, 


GNM. 


ADM, ARC, 


GNM. 


ADM, ARC, 


GNM. 


ARC, GNM. 




GNM. 




DOW, UCC. 




UCC. 




ALB. 




RBC. 




PAS. 




GNM. 




PAS, UCC. 




DOW, UCC. 




COM, DUP, 


PAS, RH 


RH. 




PAS. 




PAS. 




ADM, ALB, 


ARC, EK 


SHC. 




COM. 




EVN. 





EK, GNM, X. 



172 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 22B. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



KGSCELLANEOUS CHEMCAI^, ACYCLIC--Contlnued 

l-Amlnoethanol (Aoetaldehyde ammonia) 

Aminoethoxypropylsilane 

2-(2-Amlnoethylaiirino)ethanol ( AminoetJiylethanolamine ) 

2-Amino-2-ethyl-l,3-propanedlol 

Aminoguanldlne bicarbonate 

Aminoguanidine sulfate 

2-Amlno-2-(hydroxymethyl)-l,3-propanediol (Tris(hydroxy- 

methyl) aminome thane ) . 

2-Amino-2-methyl-l,3-propanediol 

2-Amino-2-methyl-l-propanol 

3-AminD-l-propanol 

»Aiiyl acetates, 90^: 

Aiyl acetate (n-Pentyl acetate) 

Isopentyl acetate (Isoanyl acetate) 

Mixed- 

Azelalc acid 

2,2'-Azobis[ 2-methylpropionitrile ] (a,ci'-Azodiisobutyro- 

nitrile ) . 

Barbituric acid, amnonium and sodium salts 

Behenlc acid 

Bis [2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethyl] ether ( Tetraethylene glycol 

dibutyl ether) . 
Bis(2-butoxyethyl) ether (Methylene glycol di-n-butyl 

ether) . 

Bis(2-chloroethoxy)methane (Dichloroethylformal) 

»Bis(2-chloroethyl) ether (Dichlorodiethyl ether) 

Bis(2-chloro-l-methylethyl) ether (Dichloroisopropyl ether)- 

Bis(2,6-dlmethyl-";-heptyl) maleate 

Bis(dodecyltrimethylairanoniuin) polythionate 

Bis(2-ethoxyethyl) ether (Methylene glycol diethyl ether) — 

l,3-Bis(hydroxymethyl)urea (Dime thy lolurea) 

Bls[2-(2-niethoxyethoxy)ethyl] ether (Tetraethylene glycol 

dimethyl ether) . 
Bis(2-methoxyethyl) ether (Diethylene glycol dimethyl ether) 

Bis(tributyltin) oxide 

Biuret 

Boric acid esters : 

Trihexylene glycol biborate 

All other 

Boron alcoholate 

Boron fluoride ethyl ether complex 

Boron trlfluoride monoethylamine complex 

Bromal 

N-Bromoacetamide 

2-Bromododecanoic acid (a -Bromolauric acid) 

N-Bromosuccinimide (Succinlbromlmide) 

l,2(and l,3)-Butanediol (Butylene glycol) 

1,'i-Butanediol 

2,3-Butanedione 2-oxlme 

2-Butanone (Methyl ethyl ketone) 

Butanone mixture 

2-Butanone oxlme 

2-Butanone peroxide 



TBK. 






UCS. 






DOiV, 


UCC. 




COM. 






TRJ. 






GAF. 






COM. 






CCW. 






COM, 


VAL. 




ACY, 


UCC. 




COM, 


EK, 


MAL, TBK. 


FB, 


KiV. 




PAS, 


PUB, 


UCC. 


EMR. 






,VST. 






KF. 






ADM. 






RBC. 






DO.V, 


UCC. 




TKL. 






DOW, 


JCC, 


CMC, UCC, WYN 


DOW, 


JCC, 


UCC, WIN. 


GAF. 






BKC, 


PAS. 




UCC. 






DUP, 


X. 




ASL. 






ASL. 






SCI. 






s,v. 






USB. 






USB. 






SFA. 






ACQ, 


HSH. 




ACG. 






SDW. 






AHA. 






DUP. 






AHA, 


SDW. 




CEL. 






GAF 






EK. 






ENJ, 


SHC 




CEL. 






ALB, 


MAC, 


X. 


CAD, 


SHC, 


WTL. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

TABLE 22B. —Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, i560— Continued 



173 



Manuf actiirers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

2-Butene-l,4-dlol 

3-Buten-2-one (Methyl vinyl ketone) 

2-Butoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether) 

2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol monobutyl 

ether) . 
2-[2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene glycol 
monobutyl ether) . 

2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethyl acetate 

l-Butoxyethoxy-2-propanol 

2-Butoxyethyl acetate 

Butoxypolypropylene glycol 

*Butyl acetates, 90^: 

Iso 

*Normal 

Secondary 

Mixed 

2-tert-Butylaiiiinoethanol 

Butyl cyanide 

Butylene oxide 

Butyl ether (Di-n-butyl ether) ■ 

tert-Butyl hydroperoxide 

2,2'-(Butylimlno)diethanol (N,N-Bis)2-hydroxyethyl) butyl' 
amine) . 

Butyl isocyanate 

Butyl lactate 

Butyllithium 

tert-Butyl peroxide (Di-tert-butyl peroxide) 

tert-Butyl peroxyacetate 

tert-Butyl peroxyisobutyrate 

1-Butyne (Ethylacetylene) 

2-Butyne-l,^-diol 

Butyr aldehyde 

Butyr aldehyde oxime 

*Butyric acid 

Butyric anhydride 

Butyrolactone 

Butyronitrile 

Butyryl chloride 

«Carbon disulfide 

2-Carboxymethyl semicarbazide 

•Cellulose esters: 

•Cellulose acetate 

Cellulose acetate butyrate 

Cellulose acetate propionate 

Cellulose propionate 

Nitrocellulose (Cellulose nitrate) 

All other 

•Cellulose ethers: 

Ethylcellulose 

Ethylhydromethylcellulose 

Hydroxyethylcellulose 

Methylcellulose 

•Sodium carboxymethylcellulose, 100% 

Sodium carboxymethylhydroxyethylcellulose 

All other 



GAF. 
PFZ. 

OMC, UCC. 
OMC, UCC. 

DOW, OMC. 

UCC. 
UCC. 
UCC. 
UCC. 



CEL, 
CEL, 
EN J, 
CEL, 



EKT, PAS, UCC. 

COM, EK, EKT, PUB, UCC. 

HPC, PUB, SHC. 

EKI. 



UCC. 
I WTL. 



CWN. 

COM. 

AMP. 

SHC, VITTL. 

WTL. 

WTL. 

AIH. 

GAF. 

CEL, EKX, UCC. 

NAC. 

CEL, 

EKT, 

GAF. 

EKX. 

HK, 

ACG, BKT, FMW, OLH, PAS, PPG, SF, WRS. 

NOR. 



EKT, UCC. 
UCC. 



TBK. 



AV, CEL, DUP, EKT. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

CEL. 

DUP, HPC. 



DOW, HPC. 

GNM, HPC. 

HPC, UCC. 

DOW. 

BUK, DUP, HPC, KON, WYN. 

BUK, HPC. 

EK. 



174 



TABLE 22B. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 

■ Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

«Chloral (Triohloroacetaldehyde) 

Chloroacetamide 

*Chloroacetic acid, mono- 

Chloroacetic acid, mono, derivatives: 

Butyl chloroaoetate 

*Ethjrl chloroaoetate 

Methyl chloroaoetate 

Sodium chloroaoetate 

Chloroacetonitrile 

Chloroacetyl chloride 

«2-Chloro-N,N-dimethylethylamine ( Dime thylaminoe thy 1 
chloride ) hydrochloride . 

2-Chloro-N,N-dimethylpropylamine hydrochloride 

3-Chloro-N,N-dlmethylpropylamine hydrochloride 

2"-Chloro-l,l' -dimethyltriethylamine 

2-Chloroethanol (Ethylene chlorohydrin) 

2-(2-Chloroethoxy)ethyl 2-chloroethyl ether (Triethylene 
glycol dichloride). 

N-(2-Chloroethyl)diisopropylamine hydrochloride — ' 

2-Chloroethyl vinyl ether 

4-Chloro-3-hydroxyhutyronitrile 

Chloromaleic anhydride 

Chloromethoxypropylmercuric acetate 

Chloromethyl metl^l ether 

l-Chloro-l-penten-3-one ( g - Chlorovinyl ethyl ketone) 

»3-Chloro-l,2-propanediol (Glycerol a -chlorohydrin) 

2-Chloro-l-propanol 

Chloro-2-propanone (Chloroacetone) 

N-Chlorosuccinimide (Succinichlorimide) 

2-Chlorotriethylamine hydrochloride 

4 -Chloro -N , N , 1-tr imethylpropylamine hydrochloride 

Chlorotrimethylsilane 

Citric acid 

Citric acid salts: 

Ammonium citrate 

Barium citrate 

Calcium citrate 

Ferric ammonium citrate 

Ferric citrate 

Ferrous calcium citrate 

Manganese citrate 

Potassiiim citrate 

Sodium citrate 

Coconitrile 

Coconut oil amide 

Crotonaldehyde 

Crotonic acid (2-Butenoio acid) 

2-Cyanoacetamide 

Cyanoacetio acid 

2-Cyanopropylamine 

n-Decane 

1,10-Decanediol 

Deoanoic acid (Capric acid) 

Decanoyl chloride 

2,3-Dibromo-l-propanol 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DA, FMW, GGY, MTO. 


BPC. 




BPC, 


BUK, DOW, HPC, MDN. 


MDN. 




DOW, 


KF, MDN. 


BPC, 


DOW, KF. 


DOW. 




BPC. 




DOW. 




ABB, 


BKL, GAM, HEX, MCH, NES 


NFS. 




MCH. 




NES. 




OMC, 


UCC. 


UCC. 




MCH. 




UCC. 




EK. 




RBC. 




SCI. 




EK, 


HK, X. 


ABB. 




EKT, 


EVN, FBS. 


BPC. 




EK. 




NAC. 




BKL, 


MCH, NES. 


MCH. 




UCS. 




BZ, 


MLS, PFZ. 


MAL, 


PFZ. 


sw. 




PFZ. 




MAL 


PFZ. 


MAL. 




BKL. 




MAL. 




MAL 


PFZ. 


MAL 


PFZ. 


cm. 




ADM 


ARC, KES. 


CEL 


EKT, UCC. 


EKT, 


UCC. 


GAM 


KF. 


KF. 




EKT. 




HMY 




NEP 




FOR 




HK. 




DUP 





MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

TABLE 22B. —Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



175 



MISCELLANEOUS CHMICAI^, ACYCLIC— Continued 

1,2-Dibutoxyethane (Ethylene glycol dl-n-butyl ether) 

2-Dibutylaiiilnoethanol • 

Dlbutyl fumarate 

Dlbutylmethoxytin (Dibutyl tin methoxide) 

l,3-Dibutyl-2-thiourea 

Dlbutyl tin dilaurate 

Dibutyl tin maleate 

Dibutyltin mercaptopropionate 

Dlchloroaoetaldehyde 

Dlchloroacetio acid 

Dichloroacetyl chloride 

Dichlorodimethylsilane 

Dichlorohydrogenmethylsilane 

Dichloromethylvinylsilane 

Didodecyl 3,3'-thiodipropionate 

Di(l,2-epoxypropane)amine 

Diethoxydimethylsilane 

Diethyl adipate 

Diethylaluminum chloride 

2-Diethylaminoethanol 

2-Diethylaminoethyl methacrylate 

Diethylaminopropionamide 

Diethyl sec-butylethylmalonate 

Diethyl butylmalonate 

Diethyl sec -butylmalonate 

Diethylcarbamoyl chloride 

Diethyl carbonate (Ethyl carbonate) 

Diethyl diethylmalonate (Diethyl malonic ester) 

♦Diethylene glycol 

Diethylene glycol chloroformate 

Diethyl (ethoxymethylene)malonate 

Diethyl ethylisopentylmalonate 

Diethyl ethylmalonate (Ethyl malonic ester) 

Diethyl ethyl(l-methylbutyl)malonate 

Di-2-ethyl-l-hexyl fumarate 

Di-2-ethyl-l-hexyl maleate 

N, N-Dlethylhydroxylamine oxalate 

Diethyl maleate 

Diethyl malonate (Malonic ester) 

Diethyl (l-methylbutyl)malonate 

Diethyl oxalate (Ett^l oxalate) 

Diethyl thiophosphoryl chloride 

1,3-Diethyl -2 -thiourea 

Dlglycolic acid 

l,4-Dlhydroxy-2-butanone 

2,'i-Dlhydroxy-3,3-diiiiethylbutyrio acid, Y-lactone (Panto- 
lactone). 

l,3-Dlhydroxy-2-propanone 

Dilso-octyl fumarate 

2-Dlisopropylamlnoethanol 

Diisopropylammonlum nitrite 

Dilsopropyl peroxydicarbonate (Isopropyl peroarbonate) — 

Dimethoxyethane (Ethylene glycol dimethyl ether) 

Dimethoxypentane 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DOW, 


UCC. 




PAS. 






MON, 


RUB. 




X. 






PAS. 






CCA. 






CCA. 






CCA. 






FMW. 






KF. 






KF. 






UCS. 






UCS. 






DCC. 






ACY, 


EVN, 


HAB. 


DUP. 






UCS. 






ARA. 






TNA. 






PAS, 


UCC. 




DUP. 






DUP. 






ABB. 






BPC. 






ABB. 






GAM. 






DIM, 


FMP. 




JCC, 


LIL. 




ACN, 


DOW, 


GAF, OMC, UCC, WYN 


PPG. 






KF. 






BPC, 


LIL. 




LIL. 






ABB. 






RUB. 






AHC, 


QCP. 




EK. 






ACY, 


UCC. 




ABB, 


KF, 


LIL. 


ABB, 


LIL. 




FMP. 






ACY. 






PAS. 






DUP. 






GAF. 






ACY. 






ABB, 


ARP 


BAX, DLI, PFZ. 


RUB. 






PAS, 


UCC. 




QMC. 






PPG. 






AHA 


ASL 




RBC 







176 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 

TABLE 22B. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

N,N-Dlmethylacetainide 

»2-Dimethylaminoethanol 

3-Diinethylaminopropionitrile 

Dimethylcarbamoyl chloride 

Dimethylcyanamide 

N,N-Dimethylformainide 

Dime thy Iglyoxime 

2,6-Dimethyl-4--heptanol (Diisobutylcarbinol) 

2,5-Diinethyl-2,5-hexanediol 

2,5-Diniethyl-3-hexyne-2,5-diol 

1,1-DimethyLhydrazine 

Dimethyl malonate 

3,6-Dimethyl-4.-ootyne-3,6-diol 

Di('4-methyl-2-pentyl) maleate 

2,2-Dimethyl-l,3-propanediol (Neopentyl glycol) 

Dimethyl sulfoxide 

1,3 -Dime thy lurea 

Dioctyl maleate 

Dipropylene glycol 

n-Dodeoane 

Dodecanemethylenlmine (Dodeoyl-azomethine) 

1-Dodecene 

*Dodecenylsucoinlc anhydride 

Dodecylm'trile 

Dodecylsuccinimide 

*Epiohlorohydrin 

Erucamide 

Erucic acid 

*i^thanolamines : 

*2-Aminoethanol (Monoethanolamine) 

*2,2'-Iminodiethanol (Diethanolamine) 

»2,2',2"-Nitrllotriethanol (Triethanolamlne) 

Ethanolamine salt with formaldehyde 

2-Ethoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether) 

2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol monoethyl 

ether). 
2-[2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene glycol 
monoethyl ether). 

2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethyl acetate 

2-Ethoxyethyl acetate 

3-Ethoxypropionltrile 

l-Ethoxy-l,3,3-trimethoxypropane 

»Ethyl acetate, 85% 

Etl^l acetoacetate 

«Ethyl acrylate 

Ethylalumlnum dichloride 

Ethylaluminum sesquichlorlde 

2-Ethylaminoethanol ( Ethylmonoethanolamine ) 

Ethyl bromoacetate 

Ethyl 2-bromopropionate 

2-Ethylbutyraldehyde 

2-Ethylbutyric acid (Diethylacetio acid) 

Ethyl carbamate 

Ethyl chloroformate 

Ethyl cyanoaoetate 



DUP, 

PAS, 

ACX. 

GAM. 

DUP. 

DUP, 

EK. 

UCC. 

AIR. 

AIR. 

am. 

KF. 

AIR. 

RUB. 

EKX. 

CRZ. 

PAS. 

RUB. 

CEL, 

HMY. 

SPP. 

HMY. 

HMY, 

GNM. 

SPP. 

DOW, 

ADM, 

ADM. 



EK., 

RH, UCC. 



DOW, JCC, QMC, UCC. 



MON, NAC. 



SHC, UCC. 
FIN. 



ACN, DOW, JCC, QMC, UCC. 

ACN, DOW, JCC, QMC, UCC. 

ACN, DOW, JCC, QMC, UCC. 

RH. 

DOW, (MC, UCC. 

DOW, QMC, UCC. 



DOW, 


QMC. 












UCC. 














EKT, 


UCC. 












ACY. 














KF. 














CEL, 


CCM, EKT, 


EN J, 


HPC, 


PUB, 


SRC, 


UCC 


FMP, 


UCC. 












CEL, 


RH, UCC. 












TNA. 














TNA. 














PAS, 


UCC. 












DOW. 














VAL. 














UCC. 














UCC. 














FMP. 














FMP. 














GAM, 


KF. 













MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

TABLE 22b. —Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



177 



MISCELLANEOUS CHELaCALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Ethylene, from ethyl alcohol 

Ethylene carbonate 

*Ethylene glycol 

Ethylene glycol diacetate 

Ethylene glycol dimethacrylate 

^Ethylene oxide 

*Ethyl ether: 

Absolute 

Tech 

U.S.P 

*Ethyl fonnate 

2-Ethylhexanal (a-Ethylcaproaldehyde) 

2-Ethyl-l,3-hexanediol 

2-Ethylhexanolc acid (a-Ethylcaprolc acid) 

»2-Ethylhexanoic acid (a-Ethylcaproic acid) salts: 

Aluminum 2-ethylhexanoate < 

Barium 2-ethylhexanoate 

Cadmium 2-ethylhexanoate 

^Calcium 2-ethyIhexanoate 

*Cobalt 2-ethylhexanoate 

Copper 2-ethylhexanoate 

»Lead 2-ethyIhexanoate 

Lithium 2-ethylhexanoate 

<<ilanganese 2-ethylhexanoate 

Rare earths 2-ethylhexanoate 

Strontium 2-ethylhexanoate 

*Zinc 2-ethylhexanoate 

Zirconium 2-ethylhexanoate 

»2 -Ethyl -1-hexyl acetate 

2-Ethyl-l-hexyl acrylate 

2 -Ethyl -2 -(hydroxymethyl) -1,3 -propanediol (Trimethylol- 

propane ) . 
2,2'-(Ethylimino)diethanol (N,N-Bis-(2-hydroxyethyl)- 
ethylamine ) . 

2-Ethylisohexyl acetate 

Ethyl lactate- 

Ethylmagnesium bromide 

2-(Ethylmercapto)ethanol 

Ethyl polysiloxanes 

Ethyl propionate 

Ethyl propyl nitrate 

Ethyl silicate (Tetraethoxysilane) 

Ethyl sulfate (Diethyl sulfate) 

Ethyl vinyl ether 

Fats and oils, chemically modified: 

Castor oil, phosphated 

Vegetable oils, brominated 

All other 

Fatty acids, chemically modified: 

a-Braiiio(lauric-stearic) acids 

Castor oil fatty acids, dehydrated 

Stearic acid, dehydrated — 

»Fatty acid esters, not included with plastloizers or 
surface-active agents: 

Butyl pa Imitate 

Ethyl stearate 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



OH. 

JCC. 

ACN, CAU, CEL, DOW, DUP, ENJ, GAF, JCC, QMC, UCC, 

WYH. 
UCC. 
SAR. 
ACN, CAU, DOW, GAF, JCC, CMC, UCC, WYN. 

MAL. 

EKX, ENJ, HPC, UCC, USI. 

MAL, CMS. 

CCM, FB, TBK, UCC. 

EKX, UCC. 

UCC. 

EKT, UCC. 

WTC. 

CCA. 

CCA, ROS. 

CCA, FER, HNX, HSH, SRR, SW, WTC. 

CCA, CCW, FER, HNX, HSH, SHP, SRR, SW, WTC. 

CCA, SRR. 

CCA, HNX, HSH, NTL, SHP, SRR, SW, WTC. 

WTC. 

CCA, HNX, HSH, SRR, SW. 

CCA. 

CCA. 

CCA, HNX, HSH, ROS, SRR, WTC. 

CCA, HNX. 

DEC, EKT, UCC. 

CEL, UCC. 

CEL. 

PAS. 

EKT. 

KF. 

ARA. 

PAS. 

SFA. 

FB, NW, TBK. 

TNA. 

MTR, SFA, UCC. 

UCC. 

UCC. 

VIC. 

DCM, RT. 
BAC, RT, SPP. 

DUP. 
BAC. 
RH. 



NOP. 
FBS. 



178 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 22B. 



-Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, i960— Continued 



Manufacturers ' Identif ioatlon codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC —Continued 

*Fatty acid esters, not included with plasticizers or 
surface-active agents — Continued 

Hexadecyl stearate 

*Isopropyl myristate 

*Isopropyl oleate 

Isopropyl palmitate 

Isopropyl stearate 

Methyl deoanoate 

Methyl ester of coconut oil 

Methyl ester of lard oil 

Methyl esters of tallow 

Methyl 12-hydroxystearate 

Methyl myristate 

Methyl ootanoate 

Pentaerythritol monostearate 

1,2-Propylene glycol dioleate 

Vinyl stearate, monomer and polymer 

All other 

Fish oil amide, hydrogenated 

Flotation reagents: 

Isopropyl ethyl thionocarbamate 

Phosphorodithioates (Dithiophosphates) : 

Potassium dihexyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium di-sec-butyl diethyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium di-sec-butyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium diethyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium dihexyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium diisopropyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium ethyl(and methyl) phosphorodithioates 

Xanthates : 

Potassium n-butylxanthate 

Potassium sec-butylxanthate 

Potassium ethylxanthate 

Potassium hexylxanthate 

Potassium isopropylxanthate 

Potassium pentylxanthates 

Potassium sec-pentylxanthate 

Sodium n-butylxanthate 

Sodium sec-butylxanthate 

Sodium ethylxanthate 

Sodium isopropylxanthate 

All other 

"Formaldehyde, 37% by weight 

Foimamide 

»Formio acid, 90% 

»Formic acid salts: 

Aluminum formate 

Ammonium formate 

Calcium formate 

Chromic formate 

Lead formate 

Nickel formate 

Sodium formate, refined 

Sodium formate, tech 

Thallous formate 

«Fumaric acid 



AHC, 


GIV, 


KES, 


PRP. 




AHC, 


KES, 


PRP. 






AHC, 


GIV, 


KES, 


PRP. 




KES. 










FOR. 










FOR. 










CCW. 










FOR. 










BAC. 










FOR. 










FOR. 










X. 










DRW. 










AIR. 










RT, 


X, X. 








ADM. 










DOW. 










ACY. 










ACY. 










ACY. 










ACY. 










ACY. 










ACY. 










ACY. 










USR. 










DOW. 










ACY, 


DOW. 








DOW. 










DOW. 










ACY, 


DOW. 








DOW. 










DOW, 


KCC, 


USR* 






ACY. 










ACY, 


DOW. 








ACY, 


DOW. 








ACY. 










ACN, 


BOR, 


CEL, 


COM, 


DUP, HKD, HN, HPC, KF, MRK, MTC 


RCI, Rl 


, SPN 


, TRJ 


UCP. 


DUP. 










DUP, 


HN, 


MAL, 


VIC. 




VIC, 


UCC. 








ACG, 


HEX. 








TRJ. 










GAF. 










NIL. 










HSH. 










ACG, 


RPC. 








HN, 


HPC. 








EK. 










BZ, 


WON, 


NAC. 







MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 
TABLE 22B. --Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, i960— Continued 



179 



MISCELLANEOUS CHMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Fumarlc acid, lead salt (Tetrabaslc) 

Gluconic acid, tech 

Glutario acid 

Glycerol, synthetic 

Glycerol tri(polyoxypropylene) ether 

■ Glycine (Aminoacetic acid), tech 

Glycine ethyl ester hydrochloride 

Glycolic acid (Hydroxyacetio acid) 

Glycclonitrile 

Glyoxal 

Guanidine hydrochloride 

^-Guanyl-1-isonitrosoguanyl-l-tetrazene 

*Halogenated hydrocarbons : 

»l-Bromobutane (n-Butyl bromide) 

2-Bromobutane (sec-Butyl bromide) 

Bromochloromethane . 

l-Bromo-3-chloropropane (Trlmethylenechlorobromide) 

1-Bromodecane 

Bromoethane (Ethyl bromide) 

1-Bromohexadecane (Cetyl bromide) 

1-Bromohexane (n-Hexyl bromide) 

2-Bromo-3-hexyne 

1-Bromo-octadecane 

1-Bromopentane (n-Amyl bromide) 

2-Bromopentane (l-Methylbutyl bromide) 

l-Bromopropane (n-Propyl bromide) 

3-Bromopropene (Allyl bromide) 

3-Bromopropyne 

Bromotrichlorome thane 

Bromotrifluoromethane 

»Carbon tetrachloride 

■^Chlorinated paraffins: 

Less than 35''» chlorine 

»35?i^6'4% chlorine 

65% or more chlorine 

1-Chlorobutane (n-Butyl chloride) 

2-Chlorobutane 

1-Chloro-l, 1-dif luoroethane 

«Chlorodlfluoromethane 

1-Chlorododecane (Lauryl chloride) 

Chlorododecanes, mixed 

l-Chlorododecene 

»Chloroethane (Ethyl chloride): 

Tech 

U.S.P - - 

^Chloroform: 

»Tech ^ 

»U.S.P - 

»Chloromethane (Methyl chloride) : 

Crude 

Refined (refrigerant grade) 

l-Chloro-3-methylbutane (Isoainyl chloride) 

2-Chloro-2-methylpropane (tert-Butyl chloride) 

3-Chloro-2-methylpropene (Methallyl chloride) 

Chloropentanes, mixed Isomers 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



NIL 
















DLI, 


PFZ 














CS. 
















DOW, 


SHC 














JCC, 


UCC, 


WYN 












BPC. 
















BPC. 
















rup. 
















ACY. 
















UCC. 
















ACY, 


NYC. 














RBI. 
















ABB, 


DOW, 


EK, 


MCH. 










ABB, 


BPC. 














DOVf. 
















DOW, 


MCH. 














DUP. 
















DOW, 


MCH. 














DOW. 
















BPC. 
















LIL. 
















DUP, 


GAF. 














DOW. 
















ABB, 


LIL. 














BPC, 


CLB, 


DOW 


EK. 










CLB, 


DOW. 














GAF. 
















DOW. 
















DOW, 


DUP. 














ACG, 


ACS, 


DA, 


DOW, 


FMW 


FRO 


MAL 


PPG, SF 


HK. 
















CCH, 


DA, 


DVC, 


HK, 


HPC, 


KPC, 


UWS, 


WOI. 


DA, 
PUB, 


DVC, 
UCC. 


«0I. 












NES. 
ACG. 
ACG, 


DUP, 


PAS, 


UCC 











AME, DOW, DUP, HPC, MTO, TNA, USI. 
DOW, SHC. 

ACS, BR, DA, DOW, DUP, FRO, SF. 
ACS, DA, DOW. 

ASL, DCC, SPD. 

ACS, DA, DOW, DUP. 

LIL. 

EK. 

FMP. 

PAS. 



180 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 

TABLE 22B.—Miscellcneoits chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHMICALS, ACYCLIC —Continued 

»Halogenated hydrocarbons — Continued 

2-Chloropropane (Isopropyl chloride) 

3-Chloropropene (Allyl chloride) 

l-Chloro-5,5,7,7-tetramethyl-2-octene 

Chlorotrifluoroethylene, (Trifluorovinyl chloride) -- 

Chlorotrifluoroethylene, polymerized 

Chlorotrifluoromethane 

Dibromodifluoromethane 

1,2-Dibromoethane (Ethylene dibromide) 

Dibromomethane (Methylene bromide) 

1, 2-Dibromo-l,l,2,2-tetrafluoroethane 

Ij-i-Dichlorobutane 

*Dichlorodifluorome thane 

*1, 2-Dichloroethane (Ethylene dichloride) 

Dichlorofluoromethane 

»Dichloromethane (Methylene chloride) 

Dichloropentanes, mixed isomers 

1, 2-Diohloropropane (Propylene dichloride) 

2,3-Dichloropropene 

»Diohlorotetrafluoroethane 

1, 1-Dif luoroethane 

1, 1-Dif luoroethylene 

Difluorotetrachloroethane 

Diiodomethane (Methylene iodide) 

lodoethane (Ethyl iodide), tech 

Iodoform (Triiodomethane) 

lodomethane (Methyl iodide), tech 

2-Iodopropane 

Pentaohloroethane 

1,1, 2,2-Tetrabromoethane (Acetylene tetrabromide) — 
1,1,2, 2-Tetrachloroethane (Acetylene tetrachloride) - 

*Tetrachloroethylene ( Perchloroethylene ) 

Tetraf luoroethylene, monomer 

Tetraf luoroethylene polymer (Teflon) 

Tetraf luoromethane 

1,1, l-Trichloroethane (Methyl chloroform) 

1,1, 2-Triohloroethane (Vinyl trichloride) 

»Trlchloroethylene 

^Trichlorof luoromethane 

1,2,3-Trichloropropane 

*Triohlorotrif luoroethane 

*Vinyl chloride, monomer (Chloroethylene) 

Vinyl fluoride 

Vinylidene chloride, monomer (l, l-Diohlo^oethylene)- 
All other 

2-Heptanone (Methyl anyl ketone) 

3-Heptanone (Ethyl butyl ketone) 

9H-Hexadeoafluorononanoic acid 

Hexadecane ■ 

1-Hexadecene 

Hexadecenylsucoinic anhydride 

Hexadienal 

Hexa(2-ethylbutoxy)disiloxane 

Hexamethyleneadipamide 



DUP, PAS. 

DOW, ETD, FMW, GLC, MCH. 



DUP, PAS, UCC. 

DA, DOW, JCC, MTC, OMC, PPG, RH, TNA, UCC, WTO. 

DA, DOW, DUP, FRO, SF. 

JCC, CMC, UCC, WYN. 

DUP, PAS, UCC. 



DOW. 
DOW, 

X. 

ACQ. 

ACG, 

ACG, 

DOW. 

AMP, 

DOW. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

ACG, 

AME, 

ACG. 

ACS, 

PAS. 

DOW, 

UCC. 

ACG, 

ACG. 

ACG. 

DUP. 

NTB. 

CLE. 

NTB. 

CLE. 

EK. 

DUP. 

DOW. 

DUP, PPG. 

DA, DOW, DUP, FRO, HK, PPG, SF, TTX. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DOW. 

DOW, 

AMP, 

ACG, 

DOW, 

ACG, 

ACS, 

DUP. 

DOW, 

CLB, 

UCC. 

UCC. 

DUP. 

HMY. 

HMY. 

HMY. 

UCC. 

UCC. 

CS. 



UCC. 

DOW, DUP, HK, PPG, TTX. 

DUP, PAS, UCC. 

SHC. 

DUP, PAS, UCC. 

AME, BFG, DA, DOW, GNT, GYR, MTC, TNA, UCC, USR. 

TNA. 
UCC. 



TABLE 22B. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

-Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960— Continued 



18) 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHHIICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

2,5-Hexanedione ( Acetonylaoetone ) 

1,2,6-Hexanetriol 

Hexanoio acid (Caproio acid) 

5-Hexen-2-one (Ally lace tone) 

Hexyl acetates 

Hexyl ether 

2-(Hexyloxy)ethanol (Ethylene glycol hexyl ether) 

Hydracrylic acid, |i-lactone (t^-Propiolactone) 

Hydracrylonltrile (Ethylene cyanohydrin) 

}^drazine and salts 

2-Hydrazinoethanol 

2-(Hydroxyniethyl)-2-methyl-l,3-propanediol (Trimethylol- 

ethane) . 
2-(Hydroxymethyl) -2-nitro-l,3-propanedlol ( Tris ( hydroxy • 

me thyl)nltroine thane) . 
N-(Hydroxymethyl)octadecanamide (N-Hydroxymethylstear- 
amide) . 

4-Hydroxy-'i-methyl-2-pentanone (Diacetone alcohol) 

3,3' -Iminodipropionitrile 

lodomethylmercury iodide 

Isethionic acid (2-Hydroxyethanesulfonic acid) 

»Isoasoorbic acid and sodium salt 

Isobutyl isobutyrate 

Isobutyl vinyl ether 

Isobutyraldehyde 

Isobutyric acid and anhydride 

Isobutyric acid, zinc salt 

Isobutyronitrile 

Isodecanoic acid, mixed isomers 

Iso-octanoio acid, mixed isomers 

Iso-ootyl acetate 

Iso-octyl mercaptopropionate 

Isopropanolamines : 

l-Amino-2-propanol (Monoisopropanolamlne) 

1,1' -TTii1nodi-2-propanol (Diisopropanolamine) 

1,1' ,l" -Nitrilotrl-2-propanol (Triisopropanolamine)- 

3-Isopropoxypropionitrile 

»Isopropyl acetate 

2-Isopropylaminoethanol 

Isopropyl chloroformate 

»Isopropyl ether 

Isovaleric acid 

Isovalerone (Diisobutyl ketone) 

Itaconio acid (Methylenesuccinio acid) and esters 

»Lactic acid, lOO^fe: 

»Edible— - 

»ltedicinal 

»Technical 

»Lactic acid salts; 

Calcium lactate 

Sodium zirconium lactate 

Strontium lactate 

Zirconium lactate 

Lactic anhydride 



RBC. 

UCC. 

TBK. 

FMP. 

CEL. 

UCC. 

UCC. 

CEL. 

UCC, X. 

FMT, QMC. 

NOR. 

TRJ. 

COM. 

DUP. 

SHC, UCC, 

ACY. 

NTB. 

OAF. 

BAX, MI^, MRK, PFZ. 

EKX. 

UCC. 

EKX. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

EKX. 

UCC. 

UCC. 

DEC. 

EVN. 

DOW, UCC. 

DOW, UCC. 

DOW, UCC. 

ACY. 

EKT, ENJ, HPC, UCC. 

PAS. 

FMP, PPG. 

ENJ, SHC, UCC. 

UCC. 

UCC. 

PFZ. 

AMZ, CLN, DUP. 

DUP. 

AMZ, CLN, DUP. 

AMZ, SHE. 

NIL. 

MAL. 

NTL. 

FB. 



182 



TABLE 22B. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 

■Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHaCCALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Laotide (3,6-Dlmethyl-2,5-p-dloxanedione) 

Laurie acid salts 

»Lauroyl chloride 

Lauroyl peroxide 

Levulinic acid 

»Llnoleic acid salts: 

»Calciujn linoleate 

«Cobalt linoleate 

Copper linoleate 

Iron linoleate 

Lead linoleate 

Lead manganese linoleate 

Manganese linoleate 

*Lubrioating oil additives: 

Chloronaphtha xanthate 

Chlorosulf arized hydrocarbon 

Chlorosulfurized lard h±l 

Chlorosulfurlzed sperm oil ~ 

High-molecular-weight hydrocarbons and their phosphorus 
derivatives. 

Lauryl and diethylaminoethyl polymethacrylates 

Oxidized hydrocarbons 

»Phosphorodithioates (Dlthiophosphates) : 

Barium aliyl phosphorodithioates 

Barium dioctyl phosphorodithioate 

Barium polylsobutylene phosphorodithioate 

Nickel zinc aUsyl phosphorodithioates 

Zinc dl(butylhexyl) phosphorodithioate 

Zinc dihexyl phosphorodithioate 

Zinc diisopropyl phosphorodithioate 

Zinc hexyl isopropyl phosphorodithioate 

All other 

Sulfurized butenes 

»Sulfurized lard oil 

Sulfurized methyl oleate 

»Sulfurlzed sperm oil 

Tetradecyl selenlde 

All other 

Magnesivim me thy late 

Maleic acid 

Maleio acid, tribaslo lead salt 

<<Maleic anhydride 

Malic acid 

Malonamide 

Malonic acid ■ 

Mannitol 

Mannltol hexanltrate 

Mercaptoacetic acid (Thloglycolic acid) 

«Mercaptoaoetic acid (Thioglycolio acid) derivatives: 
2-Amlnoethyl mercaptoacetate (Monoethanolamlne thio- 
glycolate) . 

»Ammonium mercaptoacetate (Ammonium tMoglycolate) 

Antimony mercaptoacetate 

Calcium mercaptoacetate 

Dibutyltin mercaptoacetate 



CLN. 
CCW. 

DRW, GAF, HK, TBK, WTC. 
-CAD, WTL. 



CCA, LEF, SHP, SRR, WTC. 

HSH, SHP, SRR. 

WTC. 

HSH. 

HNX, SHP, SRR. 

SDH, SRR. 

SHP, SRR. 

MON. 
EN J. 
CCW. 
CCW. 
SOI. 

DUP. 
ALX. 

LUB. 
ACY. 

X. 

SIN. 
ORO. 
MON, 
ACY. 



SIN. 

LUB. 

GOC, SOI. 

LUB, SIN, SOI, WBG, x. 

ENJ, GDC, HK, LUB, MON, ORO, SIN. 

SFA. 

NAC, PFN, X. 

MON, NAC, PCC, RCI, SOC. 
NAC, PFN. 



ENJ. 

LUB 

CCW 

SIN, 

CCW 

ORG 

CCW 

MET 

ACP 

NTL 

ACY 

EK, 

KF. 

KF. 

APD. 

APD. 

EVN. 



EVN, HAB, RET. 



EVN, HAB, HLN, RET, SUM. 

CCA. 

EVN. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

TABLE 22B. —Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



183 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHBQCAI^, ACYCLIC— Continued 

•Mercaptoacetic acid ( Thloglyoolio acid) derivatives- 
Continued 

Ethylene glycol dimercaptoaoetate 

Iso-octyl mercaptoacetate 

Sodium mercaptoacetate 

Mercaptoethauol 

3-Mercapto-l,2-propanediol (Thioglycerol) 

Mercaptopropionlc acid 

Mesityl oxide 

Metal soaps of oxidized hydrocarbons 

Methacrylamide 

Methaorylate monomers, above methyl 

Methacryllo acid 

Methacrylonltrile 

2-Methoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether) 

2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol monomethyl 

ether) . 
2-[2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene glycol 

monomethyl ether) . 
2-(2-Msthoxyethoxy)ethyl 2-methoxyethyl ether (Triethylene 

glycol dimethyl ether). 

2-Methoxyethyl acetate 

4-Methoxy-<;-methyl-2-pentanol 

4-Methoxy-'i-methyl-2-pentanone 

Methoxypolyethylene glycol 

l-Methoxy-2-propanol 

3-Methoxypropionitrlle 

3-(3-Methoxypropoxy)propanol (Dipropylene glycol methyl 

ether) . 
3-[3-(3-Methoxypropoxy)propoxy]propanol ( Tripropylene 

glycol methyl ether). 

N-Methylacetamide 

»Methyl acetate 

Metliyl acetoaoetate 

Methyl aorylate, monomer 

Methylalumlnum sesquichloride 

2-Methylamiuoethanol (N-Methylethanolamlne) 

«Methyl borate 

Methyl borate azeotrope methanol 

2-Methyl-l-buten-3-yne (Isopropenylacetylene) 

2-Met]^l-3-butyn-2-ol 

Methyl chloroformate 

Methyl cyanoacetate 

Methyl 2-cyanoacrylate 

Methyl dichloroacetate 

N,N' -Methylenebisacrylamide 

N,N'-Methylenebisoctadecanamide 

Methyl ether (Dimethyl ether) 

Methyl formate 

N-Methylglucamine 

Methyl glycolate (Methyl hydroxyacetate) 

Methyl hexanoate (Methyl oaproate) 

5-Methyl-2-hexanone (Methyl isoaa^l ketone) 

2,2' -(Methylimlno)diethanol (Methyl diethanolamine) 

2-Methyllactonitrlle (Acetone cyanoliydrin) 

ffethylmagnesium bromide 



EVN. 

EVN. 

EVN. 

UCC. 

EVN. 

EVN. 

SHC, UCC. 

ALX. 

RH. 

DUP. 

DUP, RH. 

EKT. 

DOW, OMC, UCC. 

DOW, OMC, UCC. 

DOW, OMC, UCC. 

ASL. 

UCC. 

SHC. 

SHC. 

JCC, UCC. 

DOW. 

ACY. 

DOW. 

DOW. 



EK. 

BOR, 

UCC. 

CEL, 

TNA. 

UCC. 

CAL, 

SFA. 

AIR. 

AIR. 

Dm. 

KF. 

EKT. 

KF, J 

ACY. 

ARC. 

COM, 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

FOR. 

UCC. 

UCC. 

DUP, 

ARA. 



COL, FBS, SRC, UCC. 
RH. 



HUC, MHI, SFA. 



184 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 

TABLE 22B. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Methyl methaorylate, monomer 

2-Metliyl-2-nitro-l,3-propanediol 

2-Methyl-2-nitro-l-propanol 

2-Methyl-2,'i-pentanediol (Hexylene glycol) 

<t -Methyl -2 -pent anone (Methyl isobutyl ketone) 

4-Methyl-2-pentanone oxime (Methylisobutyl ketoxime)- 

/i-Methyl-2-pentyl acetate 

Methylpolyethanolamine 

2-Methyl-2-propyl-l,3-propanediol 

Methyl sulfate (Dimethyl sulfate) 

Methyl sulfide (Dimethyl sulfide) 

N-Methyltaurine 

2-Methylvaleraldehyde (2-Methylpentaldehyde) 

2-Methylvaleric acid 

Methyl vinyl ether 

Mucochloric acid (2,3-Dichloro-3-forraylacrylio acid)- 

Myristoyl chloride 

Nitriminobispropionic acid 

Nitroethane 

Nitrome thane 

1-Nitropropane 

2-Nitropropane 

Nonanolc acid (Pelargonic acid) 

Nylon ( Polyhexamethylene adipamide) 

1-Octadecene 

Octadecyl isocyanate 

n-Octane 

1-Octanethiol (n-Octyl mercaptan) 

Octanoic acid (Caprylic acid) 

»Octanoic acid (Caprylic acid) salts: 

Aluminum octanoate 

Barium octanoate 

Cadmium octanoate 

Staimous octanoate 

Zinc octanoate 

2-Octanone (Hexyl methyl ketone) 

3-Octanone (Amyl ethyl ketone) 

Ootanoyl chloride 

1-Octene 

l-(and 2-)0ctene 

2-Octene 

Octenylsuccinic anhydride 

Oleamide (Octadecene amide) 

*01eic acid salts: 

Aluminum oleate 

Barium zinc oleate 

Cobalt oleate 

Copper oleate 

Lead oleate 

Oleonitrile 

Oleoyl chloride • 

*Oxalic acid 

•Oxalic acid salts: 

Ammonium oxalate 

Calcium oxalate 



DUP, 


RH, USP. 


COM. 




COM. 




SHC, 


UCC. 


SHC, 


UCC. 


ALB. 




PUB, 


SHC, UCC. 


OAF. 




FBS. 




DUP. 




CRZ. 




GAF. 




UCC. 




UCC. 




OAF. 




EK. 




TBK, 


x. 


ACY. 




COM. 




COM. 




COM. 




COM. 




EMR. 




CS, 


DUP. 


HMY, 


X. 


MOB. 




HMY. 




PAS. 




FOR. 




LEF, 


NOP. 


CCW. 




ccw. 




WTC. 




BKC. 




ACP, 


EKT, TBK, WTH. 


SHC. 




TBK. 




HMY. 




WTH. 




ACP, 


X. 


HMY. 




ADM, 


ARC, FIN. 


MAL, 


WTC. 


HSH. 




CCW. 




SHP, 


SRR, WTC. 


SHP, 


SRR, WTC. 


ARC, 


GNM. 


DEP, 


GAF, WTH. 


AGO, 


HK, MAL, PFZ, VIC 


ACG, 


BKC, EFZ. 


VIC. 





MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

TABLE 22B. --Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



185 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICAI^, ACYCLIC— Continued 

»Oxalic acid salts — Continued 

Ferric ammonium oxalate 

Ferric oxalate 

Ferric sodium oxalate 

Potassium binoxalate 

Potassium oxalate 

Sodium binoxalate 

Sodium oxalate 

Oxalyl chloride 

Oxidized hydrocarbon mixtures, other than lubricating oil 
additives. 

2-Oxohexamethylenliiiine ( Caprolactam) 

Palmitic acid salts: 

Aluminum palmitate 

»Zinc palmitate 

Palmitoyl chloride 

Paraformaldehyde 

Paraldehyde (Paracetaldehyde) 

«Pentaerythritol 

Pentaerythrltol, di- and tri- 

»Pentaerythritol tetranitrate 

2,4-Pentanedione ( Ace ty lace tone) 

2-Pentanone (Jfethyl propyl ketone) 

3-Pentanone (Diethyl ketone) 

Pentyl nitrate (Amyl nitrate) 

Perchloromethanethiol (Perohloromethyl meroaptan) 

Peroxyaoetlc acid 

»Phosgene (Carbonyl chloride) 

»Phosphorus acid esters, not elsewhere specified {See also 

Plasticizers, Surface-Active Agents, Pesticides, Flota- 
tion reagents, and Lubricating oil additives) : 

Bis(2-chloroethyl) vinyl phosphonate 

Bis(2-ethylhexyl) hydrogen phosphate 

Bls(2-ethylhexyl) hydrogen phosphite 

Butyl phosphates (mono and di) 

Chloropropyl thiophosphate 

Di butyl butylphosphonate 

Didodecyl hydrogen phosphate 

Diethyl hydrogen phosphite 

Diiso-octyl hydrogen phosphate 

Dimethyl hydrogen phosphite 

Dodecyl phosphates (mono and di) 

2-Ethylhexyl phosphates (mono and di) 

Ethyl phosphates (mono and di) 

Iso-octyl hydrogen phosphate 

Isopentyl octyl hydrogen phosphate 

Methyl phosphates (mono and di) 

Octadecyl phosphates (Mono and distearyl phosphates) 

Octyl phosphates (mono and di) 

Pentyl phosphates (Mono and dlamyl phosphates) 

Tri butyl phosphate 

Tridecyl phosphite 

Triethyl phosphite 

Triisobutyl phosphate 

Triiso-octyl phosphite 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PFZ. 

PFZ. 

PFZ. 

BKG. 

ACQ, PFZ. 

VIC. 

ACQ, BKC, MAL, VIC. 

EK. 

ALX. 



NOP, WTC. 
NOP, WTC. 
TBK. 
DUP, HN. 

DCI, HN, HPC, RCI, TRJ. 

DUP, HPC, TRJ. 



NAC. 

LEF, 
ACY, 
GAF, 
CEL, 
UCC. 
COM, 
HPC. 
APD, 
UCC. 
UCC. 
UCC. 
TNA. 
CHO. 
FMB. 
DLM, DUP, PPG, SWC 



MON. 

UCC, VC. 

HKP, VC. 

VC, VIC. 

TNA. 

VC. 

DUP. 

VC. 

VIC. 

VC. 

VIC. 

VIC. 

VIC. 

VC. 

VC. 

HK, VC, VIC. 

HK. 

DUP. 

HK, VIC. 

CEL, COM, FMP. 

HKP. 

VC. 

EKT, FMP. 

VC. 



608094 O -61 -13 



186 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 

TABLE 22B. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufac turer, 1960 — C ontinued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHIMICAI^, ACYCLIC—Contlnued 

^Phosphorus acid esters, not elsewhere specified — Continued 

Trimethyl phosphite 

Trioetadecyl phosphate 

Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate 

Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphite 

Tris(2,3-ditiromopropyl) phosphate 

Tris(2-ethylhexyl) phosphite 

All other 

Pimelio acid ( Heptanedioic acid) 

Pine oil, synthetic 

Polyacrylamide 

Polyacrylio acid 

*Polyacrylio acid salts: 

Ammonium polyacrylate 

Sodium polyacrylate 

All other 

Polyaorylonitrile 

Polyethoxyethylsorbitol 

*Polyethylene glycol 

Polyethylene glycol dimethaorylate 

Polyethylene glycol maleate 

Polyethylene oxide 

Polyethylene polysulfide 

Polygalacturonio acid 

Polyglyoerol 

Polyglycols, ethylene glycol and glycol ethers, mixtures — 

Polyoxypropylene ethers 

Polypropoxysorbitol 

Polypropylene glycol 

Polytetramethylene glycol 

Propionaldehyde 

^Propionic acid 

Propionic aoid salts: 

*Caloium propionate 

Sodium propionate 

Zinc propionate 

Propionic anhydride 

Propionitrile 

Propionyl chloride 

Propyl acetate 

Propylene carbonate 

^Propylene glycol (1,2-Propanediol) 

Propylene glycol, mixed ethers 

^Propylene oxide 

Propyl isocyanate 

Propyl -i-methylvalerate (Propyl isooaproate) 

Propyl nitrate 

Propyne (Methylaoetylene) 

Rare sugars 

Ricinolamlde 

Riclnoleic acid, calcium salt 

Saroosine ( N-Methylaminoacetic acid) 

Sarcosine, sodium salt 

Sebacic acid 

Semicarbazide base and hydrochloride 



VC. 

IOC. 

CEL, EN J. 

VC. 

DUP, MCH. 

HKP, VC. 

VC. 

ACY. 

CBY. 

ACY. 

BFG, NOP. 

BFG, NOP. 

ALC, BFG, JOR, RH. 

BFG, GRD. 

DUP. 

APD. 

ACN, DOW, JCC, QMC, UCC, WYN, x. 

SAR. 

CCA. 

UCC. 

BFG, 

SKG. 

CP, 

DOW. 

WYN. 

APD. 

DOW, JCC, OMC, UCC, WYN. 

DUP. 

EKX, 

CEL, 



TKL. 
DRW. 



UCC. 

COM, DUP, EKT, UCC. 



CEL, 

CEL, 

BKC. 

EKT, 

UCC. 

ABB, 

CEL. 

JCC, 

CEL, 

DOW. 

CEL, 

CWN. 

COM. 

TNA. 

AIR. 

PFN. 

TKL. 

BAC. 

ATL, 

GGY. 

RH, 

FMT. 



DUP, UCC. 
DUP, UCC. 



UCC. 
TBK. 



UCC. 

DOW, DUP, JCC, QMC, UCC. 



DOW, JCC, OMC, UCC, WYN. 



DUP, GAF, HMP, VPC. 
WTH. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

TABLE 22B. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1960 — Continued 



187 



Manufacturers ' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHIMICAIS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

»Sequestering agents: 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo)peutaaoetic acid, monosodium 
hydrogen ferric salt. 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaaoetio acid, sodium salt 

»N,N-Dihydroxyethylglycine, sodium salt 

*(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetio acid (Ethylenediamine- 
tetraacetic acid) . 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraaoetio acid, diammonium salt 

•(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraaoetio acid, diiydrogen disodium 
salt. 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium calcium 

salt. 
(Ethylenedi ni trilo )tetraacetic acid, disodium copper 
salt. 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium iron salt 

(Ethylenedinltrilo)tetraaoetic acid, disodium zinc salt, 
dihydrate . 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, manganese salt 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, monohydrogen 
trisodium salt. 
»(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, monosodium iron salt- 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraaoetic acid, tetrapotassium salt — 

*(Bthylenedinitrllo)tetraacetic acid, tetrasodium salt 

Gluooheptonic acid, sodium salt 

Hexahydroxyheptanoic acid, sodium salt 

(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedlnitrilo)triacetic acid 

(N-Hydroxyethylethylenediiiltrilo)triacetic acid, iron 
sodium salt. 
»(N-Hydroxyetliylethylenedinitrilo)triacetic acid, trisodium 
salt. 

Nitrllotriacetic acid and salts 

All other 

Silicones 

Sodium diethyldithiocarbamate 

Sodium ethyl oxalacetate 

Sodium formaldehydebisulfite 

Sodium formaldehydesulfoxylate 

»Sodlum methoxide (Sodium methylate) 

Sodium polypectate 

Sodium sorbitol borate 

Sorbio acid (2,A-Hexadienoic acid), potassium and sodium 
salts. 

Sorbitol 

Sorbitol, tri(polyoxypropylene) ether 

Soybean oil aoyl chloride salt of sodium lysalbinate 

Stearamlde (Octadecane amide) 

•Stearic acid salts: 
•Aluminum stearates: 

Aluminum monostearate 

•Aluminum distearate 

Aluminum tristearate 

Anmonium stearate 

Barium stearate 

Cadmium stearate 

•Calcium stearate 



RFC. 
GGY. 

DOW, 
DOW, 
DOW, 

GGY. 
DOW, 



HMP. 
GGY. 

GGY, 
DOW, 

DOW, 
GGY. 
ACY, 
PFN, 
PCW. 
GGY. 
HMP. 



GGY, 

RFC. 

DCC, 

EK. 

FMP. 

EK. 

NOP, 

HSH, 

SKG. 

APD. 

UCC. 

APD, 
UCC. 
UG. 
ADM, 



GGY, HMP. 

GGY, HMP, RPC. 

GAF, GGY, GLY, HMP, RPC, VIC. 



EK, GGY, HMP, HRT, RPC. 
GGY. 



RPC. 

GGY, HMP, RPC. 



GGY, GLY, RPC. 



DOW, GAF, GGY, GLY, HMP, MQA, NOP, RPC, TCC. 
WIC. 



GGY, HMP, MOA, RPC, TCC. 

HMP. 

ORO, SPD. 



RH, ROY. 
KF, QMC, X. 



DUP, FIN. 



LEF, MAL, MCO, NOP, SYP. 

ACY, HNX, JTC, LEF, MAL, NOP, PRP, SYP, WTC. 
ACY, HNX, LEF, MAL, NOP, PRP, SYP, WTC. 
DEX, FRR, LEF, NOP, SYP, WTC. 
LEF, NOP, PRP, SYP, WTC. 
SYP, WTC. 

ACY, CCW, HNX, JTC, LEF, MAL, MCO, NOP, NTL, PRP, 
SYP, WTC. 



TABLE 22B. ■ 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 

-Miscellaneotis chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, I560-- Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICAIS, ACYCLIC—Continued 

♦Stearic acid salts — Continued 

Cobalt stearate 

Ferric stearate 

»Lead stearate 

Lead stearate, dibasic 

Lithium hydroxystearate 

*Llthlum stearate 

♦Magnesium stearate 

Nickel stearate 

Stannous stearate 

*Zino stearate 

All other 

Stearonitrile (Ootadecanenitrile) 

Stearoyl chloride 

Succinic acid 

Succinic acid, sodium salt 

Succinic anhydride 

Succinimide 

Sucoinonitrile 

Succinyl peroxide 

Sucrose oota-acetate 

Tallow amide, hydrogenated 

Tallow fatty acyl chloride 

Tallow nitrile 

Tartaric acid salts, nonmedicinal 

1,1,3,3-Tetraethoxypropane 

Tetraethylaramonium chloride 

Tetra-2-ethylbutyl 2-ethylhexyl ortho-silicate 

♦Tetraethylene glycol 

Tetraethylene glycol dimethacrylate 

Tetraethyllead 

Tetraethyl orthosilloate 

Tetrahydroxysuccinio acid (Dioxytartaric acid) 

Tetralds ( hydroxymethyl ) phosphonium chloride 

N,N,N',N' -Tetrakls ( 2-hydroxypropyl) ethylenediamlne 

Tetramethyl(and ethyl) lead 

Tetramethylguanidine 

Tetramethyllead 

Tetraoctyl orthosilicate 

Thloacetamide 

2,2'-Thiodiethanol (Thiodiethylene glycol) 

3,3'-Thiodipropionitrile 

Titanic acid esters 

Triallyl cyanurate 

Trichloroaoetyl chloride 

Trichloroethylsilane (Ethyl silicone trichloride) 

Trichloromethylsilane 

Trichloro-octadecylsilane 

Trichloropentylsilane 

Trichlorovinylsilane 

Triethoxyethylsilane 

TriethoxyvlnylEilane 

Triethyl acetylcitrate 

Triethylaluminum 



WTC. 

WTC. 

HSH, LEF, NOP, NTL, WTC. 

NOP, NTL, WTC. 

WTC. 

LEF, NOP, PRP, WTC. 

ACY, JTC, LEF, MAL, MCO, NOP, PRP, SYP, WTC. 

WTC. 

WTC. 

ACY, CCW, HNX, HSH, JTC, LEF, MAL, MCO, NOP, PRP, 

SYP, WTC. 
APD, MCO. 
GNM. 

GAF, WTC. 
ARA, CS, NAC. 
MAL. 
NAC. 

AHA, NAC. 
ACY. 
WTL. 
UCC. 

ADM, ARC. 
GAF. 
GNM. 

MAL, PFZ. 
KF. 
PAS. 
UCC. 

DOW, JCC, UCC. 
SAR. 

OJP, TNA. 
UCC. 
ACY. 
HK. 

MON, WYN. 
DUP. 
ACY. 

DUP, TNA. 
MON. 

ARA, EK. 
UCC. 
HAB. 
DUP. 
ACY. 
EK. 

DCC, UCS. 
DCC. 
DCC. 
UCS. 

DCC, UCS. 
UCS. 
UCS. 
PFZ. 
TNA. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

TABLE 22B. —Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, i960-- Continued 



189 



Chemical 


Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 


MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 




Trlethylboron - 


TNA. 

ACN, DOW, GAF, JCC, OMC, UCC. 

SAR. 

EK, KF. 

KF. 

KF. 

EK. 

TNA. 

CAL. 

TNA. 

UCC. 

KF. 

EKX. 

EKX. 

EK. 

UCC. 

TNA. 

DOW. 

BAc, mw. 

ACN, DUP, GCC, JDC, MON, MSC, SNO, SOH. 

ACN, CFA, DUP, GCC, HPC, JDC, M3N, MSC, SNI, SNO, SOH, 

SPN. 
ACN, DUP, GCC, JDC, MON, MSC, SHC, SNO, SOH, SPN. 
DUP, M3N, MSC. 

ACN, DUP, MDN, MSC, SNO, SOH, SPN. 
FMB. 
DUP. 
UCC. 

AIR, CEL, DUP, PCA, UCC. 
NOP, RH, ROY. 










Trifluoroacetlc anhydride 


Trimethoxyboroxlne 






2,2,-4-Triinethyl-l,3-pentanedlol- 






Tripropylaluminum 




»Urea in oompoiinds or mixtures, lOOjt: 










Urea peroxide 

Urea-ure thane copolymer 




»Zinc formaldehydesulfoxylate 



190 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



Directory of Manufacturers 

The Directory of Manufacturers lists the companies that report their production of synthetic 
organic chemicals to the U.S. Tariff Commission. The name of each manufacturer is preceded 
by an alphabetical identification symbol. These identification symbols consist of not more than 
three capital letters, and usually bear a relation to the company name. In most instances the as- 
signed symbols were approved by the companies they identify. 

For I960, the Directory of Manufacturers lists 713 primary manufacturers (see table 23). 
Some of the companies that report production of synthetic organic chemicals consume their en- 
tire output in further manufacturing. 

The Directory of Manufacturers lists the reporting companies in two ways: Section 1 lists 
them in alphabetical order by identification symbols. Section 2 lists the reporting companies in 
alphabetical order by company name, and gives the corresponding identification symbol and the 
company address. 

TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1960 

SECTION 1. ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of synthetic organic chemical manufacturers that reported production or sales to the U.S. Tariff Commission 
for 1960 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in tables in pt. III. Sec. 2 of this 
table lists these manufacturers alphabetically and gives their office address] 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


AAC 


American Alcolac Corp. 


ARC 


Armour & Co. , Armour Industrial Chemical Co. Div. 


AAE 


American Aniline & Extract Co. , Inc. 


ARC 


Argus Chemical Corp. 


ABB 


Abbott Laboratories 


ARK 


Armstrong Cork Co. 


ABR 


Andrew Brown Co. 


ARO 


Arco Co. 


ABS 


American Brake Shoe Co. , American Brakeblok 


ARP 


Armour & Co. , Armour Pharmaceutical Co. Div. 




Div. 


ASH 


Ashland Oil & Refining Co. 


ACC 


Amoco Chemicals Corp. 


ASL 


Ansul Chemical Co. 


ACQ 


Allied Chemical Corp., General Chemical Div. 


AST 


Astra Pharmaceutical Products, Inc. 


ACN 


Allied Chemical Corp., Nitrogen Div. 


ASY 


American Synthetic Rubber Corp. 


ACO 


Acralite Co., Inc., Acco Polymers Div. 


AIL 


Atlantic Chemical Corp., Macromol Div. 


ACP 


Allied Chemical Corp., Plastics Div. 


ATR 


Atlantic Refining Co. 


ACR 


Acme Resin Corp. 


AUG 


Augusta Chemical Co. 


ACS 


Allied Chemical Corp., Solvay Process Div. 


AV 


American Viscose Corp. 


ACT 


Arthur C. Trask Co. 


AVS 


AviSun Corp. 


ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. 






ADC 


Ad- Co Color Corp. 


BAC 


Baker Castor Oil Co. 


ADM 


Aroher-Daniels-Midland Co. 


BAL 


Baltimore Paint & Chemical Corp. 


AHC 


Arnold, Hoffman & Co. , Inc. 


BAT 


Bates Chemical Co., Inc. 


AIR 


Air Reduction Co., Inc., Air Reduction Chemical 


BAX 


Baxter Laboratories, Inc. 




Co. Div. 


BCI 


Belding Cortioelli Industries 


AKL 


Reichhold Chemicals, Inc., Alkydol Laboratories 


BCN 


Beech-Nut Life Savers, Inc. 




Div. 


BCO 


Blane Corp. 


ALB 


Ames Laboratories, Inc. 


BEN 


Bennett's 


ALC 


Aloo Oil & Chemical Corp. 


BFG 


B. F. Goodrich Co. , B. F. Goodrich Chemical Co. Div. 


ALL 


Alliance Color & Chemical Co. 


BGC 


Balfour-Guthrie & Co., Ltd., Chemical Div. 


ALT 


Crompton & Knowles Corp., Althouse Chemical Co. 


BIF 


Bioferm Corp. 




Div. 


BIS 


Bios Laboratories, Inc. 


ALX 


Alox Corp. 


BKC 


J. T. Baker Chemical Co. 


AMB 


American Bio-Synthetics Corp. 


BKL 


Berkeley Chemical Corp. 


AMC 


Amchem Products, Inc. 


BKM 


Buckman Laboratories, Inc. 


AME 


American Chemical Corp. 


BKS 


Berkshire Color Sc Chemical Co. 


AMF 


American Marietta Co. , Ferbert-Schorndorfer Co. 


BKT 


J. T. Baker Chemical Co., Taylor Chemical Div. 




Div. 


BL 


Belle Chemical Co. , Inc. 


AMK 


American Alkyd Industries 


BLN 


Brooklyn Color Works, Inc. 


AML 


Amalgamated Chemical Corp. 


BME 


Beudix Aviation Corp. , Marshall- Eclipse Div. 


AMO 


American Oil Co. (Texas) 


BOR 


Borden Chemical Co. 


AMP 


American Potash & Chemical Corp. 


BOY 


Walter N. Boysen Co. 


AMR 


American Marietta Co., Adhesive, Resin & 


BPC 


Benzol Products Co. 




Chemical Div. 


BR 


Brown Co. 


AMS 


American Marietta Co. , Ridgway Color & 


BRD 


Bird & Son, Inc., Floor Covering Div. 




Chemical Co. Div. 


BRR 


Brown Co. , Resi-Chem Div. 


AMZ 


American Maize Products Co. 


BRS 


Bristol-Meyers Co. , Bristol Laboratories Div. 


APC 


i^pleton Coated Paper Co. 


BRU 


M. A. Bruder & Sons, Inc. 


APD 


Atlas Chemical Industries, Inc. 


BRY 


Bryant Chemical Corp. 


APR 


Atlas Processing Co. 


BSC 


Burkart-Sohier Chemical Co. 


APV 


Armstrong Paint & Varnish Works, Inc. 


BUG 


Blackman-Uhler Chemical Co. 


APX 


Apex Chemical Co., Inc. 


BUK 


Buckeye Cellulose Corp. 


ARA 


Arapahoe Chemicals, Inc. 


BUR 


Burroughs Wellcome & Co. (U.S.A.), Inc. 






BZ 


Bzura, Inc. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 



191 



TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic cher -cals: Directory of manufacturers , 1960 — Continued 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


CAD 


Cadet Chemical Corp- 


DA 


Jiamond Alkali Co. 


CAL 


Gallery Chemical Co. 


DAN 


)'an River Mills, Inc. 


CAP 


Capital Plastics, Inc. 


DAV 


i: B. Davis Co. 


CAT 


Catalin Corp. of America 


DCC 


Dow Coming Corp. 


CAU 


Calcasieu Chemical Corp. 


DCI 


Delaware Chemicals, Inc. 


CBC 


Coos Bay Timber Co. 


DEC 


Deecy Products Co. 


CBP 


Cita Pharmaceutical Products, Inc. 


DEP 


DePaul Chemical Co., Inc. 


CBT 


Samuel Cabot, Inc. 


DEX 


Dexter Chemical Corp. 


CBY 


Crosby Chemicals, Inc. 


DCS 


Douglas Chemical Corp. 


CC 


Collway Colors, Inc. 


DLH 


Delhi-Taylor Oil Corp. 


CCA 


Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc., Advance Solvents 


DLI ■ 


Dawe's Laboratories, Inc. 




& Chemical Dlv. 


DLM 


Delmar Chemical Co. , Inc. 


CCC 


Chase Chemical Corp. 


DLT 


Delta Chemical Works, Inc. 


CCH 


Clinton Chemical Co. 


DOD 


Donald A. Dodd 


ceo 


Chemico, Inc. 


DOM 


Dominion Products, Inc. 


CCP 


Crown Central Petroleum Corp. 


DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. 


CCW 


Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc. 


DRG 


Drug Processors, Inc. . 


CD 


Continental-Diamond Fibre Corp. 


DRW 


E. F. Drew & Co. , Inc. 


CDF 


Conoord-Danan Co. 


DSC 


Dye Specialties, Inc. 


CEL 


Celanese Corp. of America: 


DSO 


DeSoto Chemical Coatings, Inc. 




Celanese Chemical Co. Div. 


DUN 


Frank W. Dunne Co. 




Celanese Polymer Co. Div. 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. 


CEN 


Central Paint & V^Lrnish Works, Inc. 


DVC 


Dover Chemical Co. 


CFA 


Cooperative Farm Chemicals Association 


DYK 


Dykem Co. 


CFC 


Camegies Fine Chemicals of Kearny 






CFX 


Chemfax, Inc. 


EAK 


J. S. & W. R. Eakins, Inc. 


CHG 


Chemagro Corp. 


EDC 


Edcan Laboratories 


CHO 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Calhio Chemicals Div. 


EDY 


Eddystone Manufacturing Co. 


CI 


Colloids, Inc. 


EFH 


E. F. Houghton 4 Co. 


CIK 


California Ink Co., Inc. 


EK 


Eastman Kodak Co. 


CIS 


Chemical Insecticide Corp. 


EKI 


Eastman Kodak Co. , Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 


CIT 


City Chemical Corp. 


EKX 


Eastman Kodak Co. , Texas Eastman Co. Div. 


CKL 


Chemlek Laboratories, Inc. 


EMK 


Emkay Chemical Co. 


CLB 


Columbia Organic Chemicals, Inc. 


EMR 


Emery Industries, Inc. 


CLN 


Standard Brands, Inc., Clinton Com Processing 


EN 


Endo Laboratories, Inc. 




Co. Div. 


ENJ 


Enjay Chemical Co. 


CLV 


Clover Chemical Co. 


EPC 


Epoxylite Corp. 


CLY 


W. A. Cleary Corp. 


ERD 


Erdmann Chemical Co. , Inc. 


CM 


Carpenter-Morton Co. 


ESC 


Escambia Chemical Corp. 


CMC 


Comcolloid, Inc. 


ETD 


Ethyl-Dow Chemical Co. 


CMC 


Chemical Manufacturing Co. , Inc. 


EVM 


Everledge Manufacturing, Inc. 


CO 


Continental Oil Co. 


EVN 


Evans Chemetics, Inc. 


COK 


Cockerille Chemicals, Inc. 


EW 


Westlnghouse Electric Corp. 


COL 


Air Reduction Co., Inc., Col ton Chemical Co. 








Div. 


FAR 


Farnow, Inc. 


COM 


Commercial Solvents Corp. 


FB 


Fritzsche Bros., Inc. 


CON 


Concord Chemical Co. , Inc. 


FBC 


Fiber Chemical Corp. 


COP 


Coopers Creek Chemical Corp. 


FBS 


Fries Bros. , Inc. 


COR 


Commercial Resins Corp. 


FCD 


France, Campbell & Darling, Inc. 


CP 


Colgate-Palmolive Co. 


FCL 


Federal Color Laboratories, Inc. 


CPC 


Childs Pulp Colors, Inc. 


FCP 


J. P. Frank Chemical & Plastics Corp. 


CPD 


Chemical Products Corp. 


FEL 


Felton Chemical Co., Inc. 


CPL 


Reliance Varnish Co. , Inc. , Coast Paint & 


FER 


Ferro Corp. , Ferro Chemical Div. 




Lacquer Co. Div. 


FG 


Foster Grant Co. , Inc. 


CPR 


Chemical Process Co. 


FH 


Foster-Heaton Co. 


CPT 


Consolidated Paint Co. 


FIN 


Fine Organics, Inc. 


CPV 


Cook Paint & Varnish Co. 


FIR 


Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. , Firestone Plastics Co. 


cpy 


Copolymer Rubber & Chemical Corp. 




Dlv. 


CRC 


Crown Chemical Corp. 


FLA 


Florida Chemical Co. , Inc. 


CRN 


Com Products Co. 


FLH 


H. B. Fuller Co. 


OHO 


Crownoil Chemical Co. , Inc. 


FLO 


Florasynth Laboratories, Inc. 


CRS 


CaruE Chemical Co., Inc. 


FLW 


W. P. Fuller & Co. 


CRT 


Crown Tar & Chemical Works, Inc. 


FMB 


Food Machinery & Chemical Corp., Becco Chemical Dlv. 


CRY 


Cary Chemicals, Inc. 


PMF 


Schuylkill Chemical Co. 


CRZ 


Crown Zellerbach Corp., Chemical Products Div. 


FMP 


Food Machinery & Chemical Corp., Chemicals & Plastics 


CS 


Chemstrand Corp 




Div. 


CSD 


Cosden Petroleum Corp. 


FMT 


Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc. 


CUT 


Cutter Laboratories 


FUX 


Food Machinery & Chemical Corp. , Chemical Div. 


CW 


Collett-Week Corp. 


FQM 


Formica Corp. , Subsidiary of American Cyanamid Co. 


CWL 


Cowles Chemical Co. 


FOR 


Foremost Food & Chemical Co., El Dorado Div. 


CWN 


Carwin Co. 


FPI 


FUrane Plastics, Inc. 


CWP 


Consolidated Water Power & Paper Co. 


FRE 


Freeman Chemical Corp. 



192 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , i960--Continued 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


FRM 


Farmers' Chemical Co. 


HPC 


Hercules Powder Co. 




FRO 


Vulcan Materials Co. , Frontier Chemical Co. 


HRS 


Harris Standard Paint Co. , Inc. 






Div. 


HRT 


Hart Products Corp. 




FRH 


Estate of W. U. Farrlngton 


HSH 


Harshaw Chemical Co. 




FRS 


Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. , Firestone Syn- 


HST 


Hoechst Chemical Corp. 






thetic Rubber & Latex Co. Div. 


HUC 


HukLll Chemical Corp. 




FSH 


Frisch & Co., Inc. 


HUS 
HVG 


Husky Oil Co. 

Haveg Industries, Inc., Resin & Compound Div. 




GAF 


General Aniline & Film Corp. 


HYN 


Hynson, Westeott & Dunning, Inc. 




GAM 


Gamma Chemical Corp. 








GAN 


Gane's Chemical Works, Inc. 


ICC 


Interchemlcal Corp. , Color & Chemicals Div. 




GCC 


W. R. Grace & Co. , Nitrogen products Div. 


ICF 


Interchemical Corp., Finishes Div. 




WC 


Gulf Research & Development Co. 


IDC 


Industrial Dyestuff Co. 




GDL 


Gordon- Lacey Chemical Products Co., Inc. 


IFF 


International Flavors & Fragrances, Inc. 




GDN 


Gordon Chemicals, Inc. 


IMC 


International Minerals & Chemical Corp. 




GE 


General Electric Co., Chemical Materials Dept. 


IMP 


Hercules Powder Co. , Imperial Color Chemical & Paper 


GEI 


General Electric Co., Insulating Materials 




Corp. Div. 






Dept. 


INC 


Inland Chemical Corp. 




GGC 


Goodrich-Gulf Chemicals, Inc. 


INL 


Inland Steel Container Co. 




GGY 


Geigy Chemical Corp. 


INP 


International Paper Co. 




GIL 


Gilman Paint & Varnish Co. 


IOC 


Pfaudler Perrautit, Inc., lonac Chemical Co. Div 




GIV 


Givaudan Corp. 


IPR 


Inter-Pacific Resins, Inc. 




GLC 


Great Lakes Chemical Corp. 


IRC 


International Resistance Co. 




GLD 


Glidden Co. 


IRI 


Ironsides Co. 




GLY 


Chas. L. Huisking & Co., Inc., Glyco Chemicals 

Div. 
General Foods Corp. , Maxwell House Div. 


ITX 


Intex Chemical Corp. 




GNF 


JAM 


Jamestown Paint & Varnish Co. 




GNM 


General Mills, Inc. 


JCC 


Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc. 




GNT 


General Tire & Rubber Co. , Chemical Div. 


JDC 


John Deere Chemical Co. 




GOG 


Gulf Oil Corp. 


JEN 


Jenni son- Wright Corp. 




GOH 


Gordon Chemical Co. , Inc. 


JMS 


J. Meyer & Sons, Inc. 




GPR 


Grain Processing Corp. 


JNS 


S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. 




GRA 


Great American Plastics Co. 


JOB 


Jones-Blair Paint Co. 




GRD 


W. R. Grace & Co. , Dewey & Almy Chemical Div. 


JOD 


Jones-Dabney Co. 




GRG 


P. D. George Co. 


JOR 


W. H. & F. Jordan, Jr. Manufacturing Co. 




GRH 


W. R. Grace & Co., Hatco Chemical Div. 


JRG 


Andrew Jergens Co. 




GRP 


W. R. Grace & Co. , Polymer Chemicals Div. 


JSC 


Jersey State Chemical Co. 




GRS 


Great Southern Chemical Corp. 


JTC 


Joseph Turner & Co. 




GRV 


Grand Rapids Varnish Corp. 


JWL 


Jewel Paint & Varnish Co. 




GRW 


Great Western Sugar Co. 








GUA 


Guard Chemical Co. 


KAL 


Kali Manufacturing Co. 




GUY 


Guyan Color & Chemical Works, Inc. 


KCC 


Kennecott Copper Corp., Chino Mines Div. 




GYR 


Goodyear Tire 6 Rubber Co. 


KCH 


Keystone Chemurgic Corp. 








KCR 


Knudsen Creamery Co. of California, Calresin Co. 


Div. 


HAE 


Halby Products Co., Inc. 


KCU 


Kennecott Copper Corp., Utah Copper Div. 




HAL 


C. P. Hall Co. of Illinois 


KCW 


Keystone Color Works, Inc. 




HAM 


Hampden Color & Chemical Co. 


KEL 


Kelly-Pickering Chemical Corp. 




HAN 


Hanna Paint Manufacturing Co., Inc. 


KEN 


Kendall Refining Co. 




HAP 


Hexcel Products, Inc. , implied Plastics Div. 


KES 


Kessler Chemical Co. , Inc. 




HAH 


Allied Chemical Corp., National Aniline Div., 


KF 


Kay-Fries Chemicals, Inc. 






Harmon Color Works 


KLK 


Koike r Chemical Corp. 




HCC 


Holland Color & Chemical Co. 


KLS 


Kilsdonk Chemical Corp. 




HDG 


Hodag Chemical Corp. 


KND 


Knoedler Chemical Co. 




HER 


Heresite & Chemical Corp. 


KNG 


0. L. King & Co. 




HET 


Heteroohemical Corp. 


KNP 


Knapp Products, Inc. 




HEX 


Hexagon Laboratories, Inc. 


KON 


H. Kohnstamm & Co., Inc. 




HFT 


Hoffman- Taff, Inc. 


KPC 


Koppers Co., Inc., Chemicals & Dyestuffs Div. 




HK 


Hooker Chemical Corp. 


KPI 


Kenrlch Petrochemicals, Inc. 




HKD 


Hooker Chemical Corp. , Durez Plastics Div. 


KPP 


Koppers Co., Inc., Plastics Div. 




HKP 


Hooker Chemical Corp., Phosphorus Div. 


KPT 


Koppers Co., Inc., Tar Products Div. 




HLC 


Hartman-Leddon Co., Inc. 


KPV 


Keystone Paint & Varnish Corp. 




HLI 


Haag Laboratories, Inc. 


KRM 


Lawter Chemicals, Inc. , Krumbhaar Resin Div. 




HLN 


Helene Curtis Industries, Inc. 


KRY 


Krystall Chemical Co. 




HMP 


Hampshire Chemical Corp. 


KYN 


Kyanize Paints, Inc. 




HMY 


Humphrey- Wilkinson, Inc. 


KYS 


Keysor Chemical Co. 




HN 


Heyden Newport Chemical Corp. 








HNC 


H & N Chemical Co. 


LAM 


LaMotte Chemical Products Co. 




HNW 


Heyden Newport Chemical Corp., Newport Indus- 


LAS 


LaSalle Chemical Corp. 






tries Div. 


LEA 


Leatex Chemical Co. 




HNX 


Heyden Newport Chemical Corp., Nuodex Products 


LEB 


Lebanon Chemical Corp. 






Div. 


LEF 


Lefflngwell Chemical Go. 




HOF 


Hoffmann- LaRoche, Inc. 


LEH 


Lehigh Chemical Co. 





DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 



193 



TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1960 — Continued 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


LEM 


B. L. Lemke & Co. , Inc. 


NOP 


Nopco Chemical Co., Inc. 


LEN 


Leonard Refineries, Inc. 


NOR 


Norwich Pharmacal Co. 


LEV 


Lever Brothers Co. 


NPI 


National Polychemlcals, Inc. 


LEW 


Lewis Tar Products Co. 


NPP 


Naticral Plastic Products Co. 


LIL 


Eli Ully & Co. 


NSC 


Nat^-; il Starch & Chemical Corp. 


LKL 


Lakeside Laboratories, Inc. 


NSP 


Natlj-.al Southern Products Corp. 


LEf 


St. Regis Paper Co., Lake States Yeast & 


NTB 


National Biochemical Co. 




Chemical Div. 


NTC 


National Casein Co. 


LMI 


Lawrence Mills, Inc. 


NIL 


National Lead Co. 


LON 


Charles R. Long, Jr. Co. 


NVF 


National Vulcanized Fibre Co. 


LUB 


Lubrizol Corp. 


NW 


Northwestern Chemical Co. 


LUE 


George Lueders & Co. 


NYC 


American Dyewood Co. , New York Color & Chemical Co. , 


LUR 


Laurel Soap Manufacturing Co., Inc. 




Inc. Div. 


LVR 


C. Lever Co. , Inc. 


NYP 


New York & Pennsylvania Co., Inc. 


vn 


Fred'k H. Levey Co., Inc. 










OB 


O'Brien Corp. 


MAH 


Maher Color & Chemical Co. 


OCF 


Owens- Coming Fiberglas Corp. 


MAL 


Mallinokrodt Chemical Works 


ODB 


Odessa Butadiene Co. 


MAR 


American Can Co. , Marathon Div. 


ODS 


Odessa Styrene Co. 


MAY 


Otto B. May, Inc. 


OH 


Ohio Chemical & Surgical Equipment Co. 


MCB 


Borg-Wamer Corp., Marbon Chemical Div. 


OIL 


Oil & Chemical Products, Inc. 


MCC 


McCloskey Varnish Co. 


OLC 


Old Colony Tar Co., Inc. 


MCH 


Michigan Chemical Corp. 


OLH 


Old Hickory Chemical Co., Inc. 


MCO 


Mathe Chemical Co. 


QMB 


Olin Mathieson Chemical Corp. , Blockson Chemical Co. 


MCW 


McWhorter Chemicals, Inc. 




Div. 


MDP 


Maryland Plastics, Inc. 


OMC 


Olin Mathieson Chemical Corp. 


MED 


Medical Chemicals Corp. 


OMS 


Olin Mathieson Chemical Corp. , E. R. Squibb & Sons 


MEE 


Maumee Chemical Co. 




Div. 


MER 


Jefferson Lake Sulphur Co., Merichem Co. 


ONX 


Onyx Chemical Corp. 




Div. 


OPC 


Orbis Products Corp. 


MFG 


Molded Fiber Glass Body Co. 


ORG 


Organics, Inc. 


MGR 


Magruder Color Co. , Inc. 


ORO 


California Chemical Co., Oronite Div. 


MHI 


Metal Hydrides, Inc. 


ORT 


Ortho Chemical Corp. 


MID 


Midland Industrial Finishes Co. 


OSB 


C. J. Osbom Co. 


MIR 


Miranol Chemical Co. , Inc. 


OTA 


Ottawa Chemical Co. 


MJM 


M. J. Merkin Paint Co., Inc. 


OTH 


California Chemical Co. , Ortho Div. 


MLS 


Miles Chemical Co. 


OTT 


Ottol Oil Co. 


MMM 


Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co. 






MNP 


Minnesota Paints, Inc. 


PAI 


Pennsylvania Industrial Chemical Corp. 


MOA 


Mbna Industries, Inc. 


PAN 


Pan American Petroleum Corp. 


MOB 


Mobay Chemical Co. 


PAR 


Pennsylvania Refining Co. 


MON 


Itonsanto Chemical Co. 


PAS 


Pennsalt Chemicals Corp. 


MOR 


Mineral Oil Refining Co. 


PAT 


Patent Chemicals, Inc. 


MDT 


Motomco, Inc. 


PBS 


Pabst Brewing Co. 


MFC 


Mesa Plastics Co. 


PC 


Proctor Chemical Co., Inc. 


MPI 


Magnolia Plastics, Inc. 


PCA 


Pacific Carbide & Alloys Co. 


MR 


Benjamin Moore & Co. 


FCC 


Pittsburgh Coke & Chemical Co. , Pittsburgh Chemical 


MRA 


Metro-Atlantic, Inc. 




Co. Div. 


MRB 


Marblette Corp. 


PCH 


Peerless Chemical Co. 


MRD 


Marden-Wild Corp. 


PCO 


Peerless Color Co., Inc. 


MRK 


Merck & Co., Inc. 


PCS 


Process Chemicals Co. 


MRN 


Ifomingstar Paisley, Inc. 


PCW 


Pfister Chemical Works, Inc. 


MRT 


Iforton Chemical Co. 


PD 


Parke-Davis & Co. 


MRV 


Marlowe-Van Loan Corp. 


PDC 


Poughkeepsie Dyestuff Corp. 


MRW 


Mor»ear Paint Co. 


PEK 


Peck's Products Co. 


MRX 


Max Marx Color & Chemical Co. 


PEL 


Pelron Corp. 


MSC 


Mississippi Chemical Corp. 


PEN 


S. B. Penick & Co. 


MTC 


Monsanto Chemical Co. , Plastics Div. 


PER 


Perry & Derrick Co., Inc. 


MTL 


Metalsalts Corp. 


PET 


Petroleum Chemicals, Inc. 


MTO 


Montrose Chemical Corp. of California 


PFN 


Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc. 


MTR 


Montrose Chemical Co. 


PFP 


Phelan-Faust Paint Manufacturing Co. 


MW 


Stepan Chemical Co., Maywood Chemical Works 


PFZ 


Chas. Pfizer & Co., Inc. 




Div. 


PG 


Procter & Gamble Co. , Procter & Gamble Manufacturing 
Co. Div. 


NAC 


Allied Chemical Corp. , National Aniline 


PGU 


Perkins Glue Co. 




Div. 


PHR 


Pharmachem Corp. 


NEO 


Norda Essential Oil & Chemical Co. , Inc. 


PIC 


Pierce Chemical Co. 


NEP 


Nepera Chemical Co. , Inc. 


PIL 


Pilot Chemical Co. of California 


NES 


Nease Chemical Co., Inc. 


PIT 


Pitt-Conaol Chemical Co. 


NEV 


Neville Chemical Co. 


PLA 


Plastics Corp. of America 


NIL 


Nilok Chemicals, Inc. 


PLC 


Phillips Chemical Co. 


NON 


A. P. Nonweiler Co. 


PLN 


Planetary Chemical Co. , Inc. 



194 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 23. —Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1960 — Continued 



Name of company 



Name of company 



Phillips Petroleiim Co. 

Plastics Engineering Co. 

Plumb Chemical Corp. 

Polymer Industries, Inc. 

Pantasote Co. 

Phoenix Oil Co. 

Polymer Corp. 

Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co. 

Productol Co. 

Pure Oil Co. 

M. W. Parsons-Plymouth, Inc. 

Pratt & Lambert, Inc. 

Purex Corp. , Ltd. 

Puget Sound Pulp Sc Timber Co. 

Petro-Tex Chemical Corp. 

Publicker Industries, Inc. 

Paul-Lewis Laboratories, Inc. 

Polychemical Laboratories, Inc. 

Poly Resins 

Polyrez Co. , Inc. 

QuaJter Chemical Products Corp. 
Quaker Oats Co. 

Raybestos-Manhattan, Inc., Raybestos Div. 

Robert & Co. , Inc. 

Roberts Chemicals, Inc. 

Rexall Chemical Co. 

Richardson Co. 

Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 

Rhodia, Inc. 

Red Spot Paint & Varnish Co., Inc. 

Reliance Varnish Co., Inc. 

Remington Arms Co. , Inc. 

Republic Creosoting Co. 

Rayette, Inc., Chemical Div. 

Rezolin, Inc. 

Rogers Corp. 

Rohm & Haas Co. 

Richfield Oil Corp. 

Riker Laboratories, Inc. 

Reilly Tar & Chemical Corp. 

Riverdale Chemical Co. 

Rinshed-Mason Co. 

Rock Hill Printing & Finishing Co. 

Roma Chemical Corp. 

Rosett Chemicals, Inc. 

Royce Chemical Co. 

Refined Products Corp. 

R. S. A. Corp. 

F. Ritter & Co. 

Ritter Chemical Co. , Inc. 

Rubber Corp. of America 

Ruberoid Co. 

Standard Agricultural Chemicals, Inc. 

Dr. Salsbury's Laboratories 

Sandoz, Inc. 

Sartomer Resins, Inc. 

Schwartz Bioresearch, Inc. 

Standard Chlorine Chemical Co. , Inc. 

Schaefer Varnish Co., Inc. 

Scherlng Corp. 

Stecker Chemicals, Inc. 

Schenectady Varnish Co. , Inc. 

Scholler Bros., Inc. 

Standard Chemical Products, Inc. 

R. P. Scherer Corp. 

Stanley Works, Stanley Chemical Co. Div. 

American Marietta Co. , Southern Eyestuf f Co. 

Div. 
Sterling Drug, Inc., Glenbrook Laboratories Div 



SDH 
SDW 
SED 



SHC 
SHF 

SHL 

SHO 

SHP 

SID 

SIM 

SIN 

SIP 

SK 

SKG 

SLC 

SLV 

SM 

SNA 

SNC 

SNI 

SNM 

SNO 

SNT 

SCO 

SOG 
SOH 

SOI 
SOL 
SON 
SOR 
SOS 
SPC 

SPD 
SPL 
SPN 
SPP 

SRC 
SRL 
SRR 
STA 
STD 
STG 
STN 
STP 
STT 

sue 

SUM 

SUN 

SVC 

SVT 

SW 

SWC 

SWT 

SYC 

SYP 

SYR 

SYV 

TAE 
TAR 

TAY 
TBK 
TCC 
TDC 



Sterling Drug, Inc. , Hilton-Davis Chemical Co. Div. 

Sterling Drug, Inc. , Winthrop Laboratories Div. 

Seidlitz Paint & Varnish Co. 

Stauffer Chemical Co. 

Stauffer Chemical Co., Anderson Chemical Co. Div. 

Stein, Hall & Co., Inc. 

Shell Oil Co. , Shell Chemical Co. Div. 

National Dairy Products Corp., Sheffield Chemical 

Co. Div. 
Shulton, Inc. 
Shell Oil Co. 
Shepherd Chemical Co. 
George F. Slddall Co. , Inc. 
Simpson Redwood Co. 
Sinclair Refining Co. 
James B. Sipe & Co. 
Smith, Kline & French Laboratories 
Sunkist Growers, Inc. 
Soluol Chemical Co. , Inc. 
Salvo Chemical Corp. 

Socony Mobil Oil Co., Inc., Mobil Oil Co. Div. 
Sun Chemical Corp. , Ansbacher-Siegle Corp. Div. 
Sonooo Products Co. 
Southern Nitrogen Co. 
Mansuii Paint Co., Inc. 
SunOlln Chemical Co. 
Suntide Refining Co. 
Standard Oil Co. of California, Western Operations, 

Inc. 
Signal Oil & Gas Co. 
Solar Nitrogen Chemicals, Inc., Sohlo Chemical Co., 

Agent 
Standard Oil Co. of Indiana 
Solar Chemical Corp. 
Sonneborn Chemical & Refining Corp. 
Southern Resin Glue Co. 
Southern Sizing Co. 
Chemetron Corp. , Specific Pharmaceuticals, Chemical 

Products Div. 
General Electric Co., Silicone Products Dept. 
Spaulding Fibre Co., Inc. 
Spencer Chemical Co. 
Socony Paint Products Co. 
Shawlnigan Resins Corp. 
G. D. Searle & Co. 
Fred'k A. Stresen-Reuter, Inc. 
A. E. Staley Manufacturing Co. 
Standard Dyestuff Corp. 
Wm. J. Stange Co. 

Standard Naphthalene Products Co., Inc. 
Stepan Chemical Co. 
Standard Toch Chemicals, Inc. 
Standard Ultramarine & Color Co. 
Summit Chemical Products Corp. 
Sun Oil Co. 
Sullivan Varnish Co. 
Solvent Chemical Co. , Inc. 
Sherwin-Williams Co. 
S & W Chemical Co., Inc. 
Swift & Co. 

Synthetic Chemicals, Inc. 
^nthetlc Products Co. 
Synco Resins, Inc. 
Synvar Corp. 

Thomas A. Edison Industries, McGraw-Edison Co. Div. 
Witco Chemical Co., Inc., Tar Distilling Co., Inc. 

Div. 
Taylor Fibre Co. 
Trubek Laboratories 
Tanatex Chemical Corp. 
Diver sey Corp. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 



195 



TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1960 — Continued 



Name of company 



Name of company 



TGL 

THC 

TIC 

TKL 

IMS 

TN 

TNA 

TNP 

TRC 

TRJ 

TRP 

TTX 

TUS 

TV 

TX 

TXB 

TXC 



UCS 

UDI 
UHL 
UNC 
UNG 
UOC 
UPF 
UPJ 
UPM 
URC 
USB 
USI 

USO 
USP 
USR 
UVC 
UWS 

VAL 
VAR 



Triangle Chemical Co. 

Thompson Chemical Co. 

Ticonderoga Chemical Corp. 

Thlokol Chemical Corp. 

Thomasset Colors, Inc. 

Tennessee Corp. 

Ethyl Corp. 

Tennessee Products & Chemical Corp. 

Toms River Chemical Corp. 

Trojan Powder Co. 

Treplow Chemical Co. 

Detrex Chemical Industries, Inc. 

Texas-U.S. Chemical Co. 

Tousey Varnish Co. 

Texaco, Inc. 

Texas Butadiene & Chemical Corp. 

Tex Chemical Co. 

A. E. Staley Manufacturing Co., UBS Chemical 

Co. Dlv. 
Union Carbide Corp., Union Carbide Chemicals 

Co. Div. 
Iftiion Carbide Corp. , Union Carbide Plastics Co. 

Div. 
Union Carbide Corp. , Silicones Div. 
Universal Detergents, Inc. & Petrochemicals Co. 
Paul Uhlloh & Co. , Inc. 
United Cork Companies 
Ungerer & Co. 

Union Oil Co. of California 
United States Pipe & Foundry Co. 
Upjohn Co. 

Universal Oil Products Co. 
United Rubber & Chemical Co. 
U.S. Borax Research Corp. 
National Distillers & Chemical Corp., U.S. 

Industrial Chemicals Co. Div. 
U.S. Oil Co. 

U.S. Plastic Products Corp. 
U.S. Rubber Co., Naugatuok Chemical Div. 
Universal Chemicals Corp. 
Universal Western Chemical Corp. 

Valchem 

Reichhold Chemicals, Inc., Varcum Chemical Div. 

Virginia-Carolina Chemical Corp. 

Velsicol Chemical Corp. 



VIC 
VIN 
VIS 
VIY 
VNC 
VUD 
VPC 
VPT 
VSV 
VTM 
VTV 

WAS 
WAW 
WBG 
WCA 
WDC 
WEV 
WHI 
WHW 
WIC 
WIL 
WLM 
WOI 
WON 
WPC 
WRC 
WRD 
WRN 
WRS 
WST 
WTC 
WTH 
WTL 
WIM 
WTT 
WTU 

WVA 

WYN 
WYT 



YAC 
YAW 



Stauf fer Chemical Co. , Victor Chemical Works Div. 

Vineland Chemical Co. 

Visco Products Co. 

Verley Chemical Co., Inc. 

Vanderbilt Chemical Corp. 

Van Dyk & Co., Inc. 

Verona- Ph anna Chemical Corp. 

Viokers Petroleum Co., Inc. 

Valentine Sugars, Inc., Vallte Dlv. 

Vitamins, Inc. 

Vita-V£ir Corp. 

T. F. Washburn Co. 

W. A. Wood Co. 

White & Bagley Co. 

West Coast Adhesives Co. 

Western Dry Color Co. 

Geo. D. Wetherill Varnish Co. 

White & Hodges, Inc. 

Whittemore-Wright Co., Inc. 

Wica Co. , Inc. 

Wilson & Co. , Inc. , Wilson Laboratories Div. 

Wilmot Sc Cassidy, Inc. 

Western Organics, Inc. 

Woonsocket Color & Chemical Co. 

Warren Paint 4 Color Co. 

Wood Ridge Chemical Corp. 

Weyerhaeuser Co., Roddis Div. 

Warner-Jenkinson Manufacturing Co. 

Wheeler, Reynolds & Stauffer 

Westville Laboratories, Inc. 

Witco Chemical Co., Inc. 

Wallace & Tieman, Inc., Harohem Div. 

Wallace Sc Tieman, Inc., Lucldol Div. 

Wallace & Tieman, Inc. 

John H. Witte & Sons, Resin Div. 

Witco Chemical Co. , Inc. , Ultra Chemical Works, 

Inc. Div. 
West Virginia Pulp & Paper Co., Polychemioals 

Div. 
Wyandotte Chemicals Corp. 
American Home Products Corp. , Wyeth Laboratories, 

Inc. Div. 

Yates Co. 

Young Aniline Works, Inc. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1960 — Continued 

SECTION 2. ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY COMPANY 

[Names of synthetic organic chemical maniifacturers that reported production or sales to the U.S. Tariff Commission 
for 1960 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in tables In pt. III. 
Sec. 1 of this table lists these manufactiirers in the order of their identification codes] 



Name of company 



Office address 



Abbott Laboratories 

Acme Resin Corp 

Acralite Co., Inc., Acco Polymers Div — 

Ad-Co Color Corp 

Air Reduction Co., Inc.: 

Air Reduction Chemical Co. Div 

Colton Chemical Co. Div 

Alco Oil & Chemical Corp 

Alliance Color & Chemical Co 

Allied Chemical Corp. : 

General Chemical Div 

National Aniline Div 

Harmon Color Works 

Nitrogen Div 

Plastics Div 

Solvay Process Div 

Alox Corp 

Amalgamated Chemical Corp 

Amohem Products, Inc 

American Aloolac Corp 

American Alkyd Industries 

American Aniline & Extract Co., Ino 

American Bio-Synthetics Corp 

American Brake Shoe Co., American 
Brakeblok Div. 

American Can Co., Marathon Div 

American Chemical Corp 

American Cyanamid Co 

American Dyewood Co., New York Color & 

Chemical Co., Inc. Div. 
American Home Products Corp., K^eth 
Laboratories, Inc. Div. 

American Maize Products Co 

American Marietta Co. : 

Adhesive, Hesin & Chemical Div 

Ferbert-Schomdorfer Co. Div 

Ridgway Color & Chemical Co. Div 

Southern Eyestuff Co. Div 

American Oil Co. (Texas) 

American Potash & Chemical Corp 

American Synthetic Rubber Corp 

American Viscose Corp 

Ames Laboratories, Inc 

Amoco Chemicals Corp 

Ansul Chemical Co 

Apex Chemical Co., Inc 

Appleton Coated Paper Co 

Arapahoe Chemicals, Inc 

Archer-Daniels-Midland Co 

Areo Co 

Argus Chemical Corp 

Armour & Co. : 

Armour Industrial Chemical Co. Div 

Armour Pharmaceutical Co. Div 

Armstrong Cork Co 

Armstrong Paint & Varnish Works, Inc 

Arnold, Hoffman a Co., Inc 

Ashland Oil & Refining Co 

Astra Pharmaceutical Products, Ino 

Atlantic Chemical Corp 

Maoromol Div 

Atlantic Refining Co 

Atlas Chemical Industries, Inc 

Atlas Processing Co 

Augusta Chemical Co 

AviSun Corp 



14th St. and Sheridan Rd., North Chicago, 111. 
1401 Circle Ave., Forest Park, 111. 
59 Kent St., Brooklyn 22, N.Y. 
66 Lister Ave., Newark 5, N.J. 

150 E. 42d St., New York 17, N.Y. 
1747 Chester Ave., Cleveland 14, Ohio. 
Trenton Ave. and William St., Philadelphia 34, ] 
33 Avenue P, Newark 5, N.J. 

40 Rector St., New York 6, N.Y. 

40 Rector St., New York 6, N.Y. 

40 Rector St., New York 6, N.Y. 

40 Rector St., New York 6, N.Y. 

40 Rector St., New York 6, N.Y. 

P.O. Box 271, Syracuse 1, N.Y. 

3943 Buffalo Ave., Niagara Falls, N.Y. 

Ontario and Rorer Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 

Brookside Ave., Ambler, Pa. 

3440 p^irfield Rd., Baltimore 26, Mi. 

Broad and 14th Sts., Carlstadt, N.J. 

Venango and F Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 

710 W. National Ave., Milwaukee 4, Wis. 

900 W. Maple Rd., Troy, Mich. 

Menasha, Wis. 

2112 E. 223d St., Long Beach 10, Calif. 
30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York 20, N.Y. 
374 Main St., Belleville 9, N.J. 

P.O. Box 8299, Philadelphia 1, Pa. 

250 Park Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 

42 S. 3d St., Newark, Ohio, and 3400 13th Ave., 

Seattle 4, Wash. 
12815 Elmwood Ave., Cleveland 11, Ohio. 
75 Front St., Ridgway, Pa. 
P.O. Box 10098, Charlotte 1, N.C. 
P.O. Box 401, Texas City, Tex. 
3000 W. 6th St., Los Angeles 54, Calif. 
P.O. Box 360, Louisville 1, Ky. 
1617 Pennsylvania Blvd., Philadelphia 3, Pa. 
132 Water St., S. Norwalk, Conn. 
130 E. Randolph Dr., Chicago 1, 111. 
Staunton St., Marinette, Wis. 
200 S. 1st St., Elizabethport 1, N.J. 
825 E. Wisconsin Ave., Appleton, Wis. 
2855 Walnut St., Boulder, Colo. 
700 Investors Bldg., Minneapolis 40, Minn. 
7301 Bessemer Ave., Cleveland 27, Ohio. 
633 Court St., Brooklyn 31, N.Y. 

110 N. Waoker Dr., Chicago 6, 111. 

P.O. Box 511, Kankakee, 111. 

W. Liberty St., Lancaster, Pa. 

1330-1500 S. Kilboum Ave., Chicago 23, 111. 

55 Canal St., Providence 1, R.I. 

1401 Winchester Ave., Ashland, Ky. 

7 Neponset St., Worcester 6, Mass. 

153 Prospect St., Passaic, N.J. 

153 Prospect St., Passaic, N.J. 

260 S. Broad St., Philadelphia 1, Pa. 

New Murphy Rd. and Concord Pike, Wilmington 99, 

P.O. Box 1786, 3546 Midway St., Shreveport, La. 

P.O. Box 660, Augusta, Ga. 

1345 Chestnut St., Philadelphia 7, Pa. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 
TABLE 23. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 79 60 —Continued 



197 



Name of company 



Office address 



Baier Castor Oil Co 

J. T. Baker Chemical Co 

Taylor Chemical Div 

Balfour-Guthrie & Co., Ltd., Chemical 
Div. 

Baltimore Paint & Chemical Corp 

Bates Chemical Co., Ino 

Baxter Laboratories, Inc 

Beech-Nut Life Savers, Inc 

Belding Corticelll Industries 

Belle Chemical Co., Ino 

Bendix Aviation Corp., J&rshall-Eclipse 
Div. 

Bennett's 

Benzol Products Co 

Berkeley Chemical Corp 

Berkshire Color & Chemical Co 

Bioferm Corp 

Bios Laboratories, Inc 

Bird & Son, Inc., Floor Covering Div 

Blackman-Uhler Chemical Co 

Blane Corp . 

Borden Chemical Co 

Borg-Wamer Corp., Marbon Chemical Div- 

Walter N. Boysen Co 

Bristol-Meyers Co., Bristol Labor- 
atories Div. 

Brooklyn Color Works, Inc 

Brown Co 

Brown Co., Resi-Chem Div 

Andrew Brown Co 

M. A. Bruder & Sons, Inc 

Bryant Chemical Corp 

Buckeye Cellulose Corp 

Buckman laboratories, Ino 

Burkart-Schier Chemical Co 

Burroughs Wellcome & Co. (U.S.A.), Inc- 
Bzura, Inc 

Samuel Cabot, Inc 

Cadet Chemical Corp 

Calcasieu Chemical Corp 

California Chemical Co. : 

Oronlte Div 

Ortho Div 

California Ink Co., Inc 

Callery Chemical Co 

Capital Plastics, Inc 

Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc 

Advance Solvents & Chemical Div 

Carnegies Fine Chemicals of Kearny 

Carpenter-Morton Co 

Carus Chemical Co., Inc 

Carwin Co 

Gary Chemicals, Inc 

Catalin Corp. of America 

Celanese Corp. of America: 

Celanese Chemical Co. Div 

Celanese Polymer Co. Div 

Central Paint & Varnish Works, Inc 

Chase Chemical Corp 

Chemagro Corp 

Chemetron Corp., Specific Pharma- 
ceuticals, Chemical Products Div. 

Chemfax, Ino 

Chemical Insecticide Corp 

Chemical Manufacturing Co., Inc 

Chemical Process Co 

Chemical Products Corp 

Chemico, Ino 

Chemlek Laboratories, Inc 

Chemstrand Corp 

Childs Pulp Colors, Inc 



AO Avenue A, Bayonne, N.J. 
600 N. Broad St., Philllpsburg, N.J. 
600 N. Broad St., Philllpsburg, N.J. 
P.O. Box 1627, Tacoma 1, Wash. 

2325 Annapolis Ave., Baltimore 30, Mi. 

Scottdale Rd., Lansdowne, Pa. 

Morton Grove, 111. 

Canajoharie, N.Y. 

K07 Broadway, New York 18, N.Y. 

534 Pearl St., Reading, Pa. 

P.O. Box 538, Troy, N.Y. 

65 W. 1st South, Salt Lake City 10, Utah. 

237 South St., Newark 5, N.J. 

11 Summit Ave., Berkeley Heights, N.J. 

12th and Bern Sts., Reading, Pa. 

P.O. Box 1375, Wasco, Calif. 

17 W. 60th St., New York 23, N.Y. 

193<i E. Clark St., E. Walpole, Mass. 

Camp Croft, Spartanburg, S.C. 

35 Peqult St., Canton, Mass. 

350 Madison Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 

P.O. Box 68, Washington, W. Va. 

1001 42d St., Oakland 8, Calif. 

P.O. Box 657, Syracuse 1, N.Y. 

681 Morgan Ave., Brooklyn 22, N.Y. 

650 Main St., Berlin, N.H. 

100 E. Broadway, Swanton, Ohio. 

5431 District Blvd., Los Angeles 22, Calif. 

52d St. and Grays Ave., Philadelphia 43, Pa. 

6 North St., N. Qulncy 71, Mass. 

2899 Jackson Ave., Memphis 8, Tenn. 

1256 N. McLean, Memphis 8, Tenn. 

1228 Chestnut St., Chattanooga 2, Tenn. 

1 Scarsdale Rd., Tuckahoe 7, N.Y. 

Clark St. and Broadway, Keyport, N.J. 

246 Summer St., Boston 10, Mass. 

2153 Lookport-Olcott Rd., Burt, N.Y. 

P.O. Box 6, 821 Gravier St., New Orleans 12, La. 

200 Bush St., San Francisco 20, Calif. 

Lucas and Ortho Way, Richmond, Calif. 

545 Sansome St., San Francisco 11, Calif. 

Callery, Pa. 

250 Mill St., Rochester 14, N.Y. 

West St., Reading 15, Ohio. 

500 Jersey Ave., New Brunswick, N.J. 

1106 Harrison Ave., Kearny, N.J. 

376 3d St., Everett 49, hbss. 

1375 8th St., LaSalle, 111. 

Stiles Lane, North Haven, Conn. 

P.O. Box 38, East Brunswick, N.J. 

1 Park Ave., New York, N.Y. 

522 5th Ave., New York 36, N.Y. 

744 Broad St., Newark 2, N.J. 

59 Prospect St., Brooklyn 1, N.Y. 

3527 Smallman St., Pittsburgh 1, Pa. 

P.O. Box 4913, Hawthorn Rd., Kansas City 20, Ito. 

386 Park Ave. S., New York 16, N.Y. 

P.O. Box 763, Gulf port. Miss. 

30 Whitman Ave., Metuohen, N.J. 

Megonoto Rd., Ashland, Mass. 

1901 Spring St., Redwood City, Calif. 

P.O. Box 815, Cartersville, Ga. 

2508 E. Bailey Rd., Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio. 

4040 W. 123d St., Worth, 111. 

350 5th Ave., New York 1, N.Y. 

43 Summit St., Brooklyn 31, N.Y. 



198 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 

TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1960 — Continued 



Code 


Name of company 


Office address 


CBP 


Ciba Pharmaceutical Products, Ino 


556 Morris Ave., Summit, N.J. 


CIT 




132 W. 22d St., New York 11, N.Y. 








P.O. Box 749, New Brunswick, N.J. 






CCH 


Clinton Chemical Co 


P.O. Box 108, Phillipsburg, Pa. 


CLV 


Clover Chemical Co 


360 Regis Rd., Pittsburgh 36, Pa. 


COK 


Cockerille Chemicals, Ino 


Greenwood, Va. 


CP 


Colgate-Palmolive Co 


300 Park Ave., New York 22, N.Y. 






Quimby St., Ossining 12, N.Y. 






CI 


Colloids, Inc 


394 Frelinghuysen Ave., Newark 12, N.J. 


CC 


Collway Colors, Inc 


15 Market St., Paterson 1, N.J. 


CLE 


Columbia Organic Chemicals, Inc 


1012 Drake St., Columbia, S.C. 


CMC 


Comcolloid, Inc 


32A0 Grace Ave., New York 69, N.Y. 






59<i James Ave., St. Paul 2, Minn. 
260 Ifedison Ave., New York 16, N.Y. 
205 S. 2d St., Camden 1, N.J. 






CON 


Concord Chemical Co., Inc 


CDF 


Conoord-Danan Co 


3475 3d Ave., New York 56, N.Y. 


CPT 


Consolidated Paint Co 


3101 E. nth St., Los Angeles 23, Calif. 


CVJP 


Consolidated Water Power & Paper Co 


1140 E. John St., Wisconsin Rapids, Wis. 






70 S. Chapel St., Newark, Del. 






CO 


Continental Oil Co 


1000 S. Pine, Ponoa City, Okla. 


CPV 


Cook Paint & Varnish Co 


P.O. Box 389, Kansas City 41, Mo. 


CFA 


Cooperative Farm Chemicals Association- 


P.O. Box 80, Lawrence, Kans. 






River Rd., W. Conshohocken, Pa. 






CBC 


Coos Bay Timber Co 


P.O. Box 869, Coos Bay, Oreg. 


CPY 


Copolymer Rubber & Chemical Corp 


P.O. Box 2591, Baton Rouge 1, La. 


CRN 


Corn Products Co 


717 5th Ave., New York 22, N.Y. 






P.O. Box 1311, Big Spring, Tex. 






CWL 


Cowles Chemical Co 


7016 Euclid Ave., Cleveland 3, Ohio. 


ALT 


Crompton & Knowles Corp., Althouse 


540 Pear St., Reading, Pa. 




Chemical Co. Div. 




CBY 


Crosby Chemicals, Inc 


P.O. Box 111, Picayune, Miss. 






American Bldg., Baltimore 2, Md. 










240 India St., Providence 3, R.I. 
2-14 49th Ave., Long Island 1, N.Y. 


CRO 


Crownoil Chemical Co., Inc 


CRT 


Crown Tar & Chemical Works, Inc 


900 Wewatta St., Denver 4, Colo. 


CRZ 


Crown Zellerbach Corp., Chemical 


343 Sansome St., Camas, Wash. 




Products Div. 




CUT 


Cutter Laboratories 


4th and Parker Sts., Berkeley 10, Calif. 


DAN 


Dan River Mills, Inc 


Danvillej Va. 


DAV 


H. B. Davis Co 


Bush and Severn Sts., Baltimore 30, Md. 


DLI 


Dawe's Laboratories, Inc 


4800 S. Richmond St., Chicago 32, 111. 


DEC 


Deeoy Products Co 


120 Potter St., Cambridge 42, Mass. 


JDC 


John Deere Chemical Co 


Pryor, Okla. 


DCI 


Delaware Chemicals, Inc 


726 King St., Wilmington, Del. 






P.O. Box 4067, Corpus Christi, Tex. 






DLM 


Delmar Chemical Co., Inc 


P.O. Box 108, Elkton, Ml. 


DLT 


Delta Chemical Works, Inc 


23 W. 60th St., New York 23, N.Y. 


DEP 


DePaul Chemical Co., Inc 


44-27 Purvis St., Long Island 1, N.Y. 


DSO 


DeSoto Chemical Coatings, Inc 


1350 S. Kostner Ave., Chicago 23, 111. 


TTX 


Detrex Chemical Industries, Inc 


P.O. Box 501, Detroit 32, Mich. 






845 Bdgewater Rd., New York 63, N.Y. 






DA 


Diamond Alkali Co 


300 Union Commerce Bldg., Cleveland 14, Ohio. 
1820 Roscoe St., Chicago 13, 111. 






DOD 


Donald A Dodd 


Rt. 5, Box 621, Everett, Wash. 


DOM 


Dominion Products, Ino 


10-40 44th Dr., Long Island 1, N.Y. 






1624 Darrow Ave., Evanston, 111. 
15th and Davis Sts., Dover, Ohio. 


DVC 


Dover Chemical Co 


DOW 


Dow Chemical Co 


Main St., Midland, Mich. 






P.O. Box 592, Midland, Mich. 
416 Division St., Boonton, N.J. 


DRW 


E. F. Drew & Co., Inc 


DRG 


Drug Processors, Ino 


1219 E. Church St., Adrian, Mich. 


DUN 


Frank W. Dunne Co 


1007 41st St., Oakland 8, Calif. 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc 


10th and Hferket Sts., Wilmington 98, Del. 


nsc 


Eye Specialties, Inc 


26 Journal Sq., Jersey City 6, N.J. 


DYK 


Dykem Co 


2307 N. nth St., St. Louis 6, Mo. 


EAK 


J. S. & W. R. Eakins, Ino 


55 Berry St., Brooklyn 11, N.Y. 


EK 


Eastman Kodak Co 


343 State St., Rochester 4, N.Y. 


EKT 


Tennessee Eastman Co. Div 


P.O. Box 511, Kingsport, Tenn. 


EKX 


Texas Eastman Co. Div 


P.O. Box 2068, Longview, Tex. 


EDC 


Edoan laboratories 


10 Pine St., S. Newark, Conn. 


EDY 


Eddystone ffenufaoturing Co 


P.O. Box 471, Wilmington 99, Del. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 
TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1960 — Continued 



199 



Code 


Name of company 


Qffice address 


TAE 


Thomas A. Edison Industries, 
Edison Co. Div. 


McGraw- 


120 S. LaSalle St., Chicago 3, 111. 


EMR 


Query Industries, Inc 




4.300 Carew Tower, Cincinnati 2, Ohio. 


EMK 


Bakay Chemical Co 




319 2d St., Elizabethport, N.J. 


EN 


Endo Laboratories, Inc 




8<;-40 lOlst St., Richmond Hill 18, N.Y. 


ENJ 


Enjay Chemical Co 




15 W. 51st St., New York 19, N.Y. 


EPC 






U28 N. Tyler Ave., North El \fonte, Calif. 


npuAy±j.Lc uoi^ — •- 




ERD 


Erdmann Chemical Co., Inc 




66 Lister Ave., Newark 5, N.J. 


ESC 


Escambia Chemical Com 




P.O. Box 467, Pensacola, Fla. 






TNA 






100 Park Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 


CAjHyL (jorp — _— — — 




ETD 


Ethyl-Dow Chemical Co 




Midland, Mich. 


EVN 


Evans Chemetics, Inc 




250 E. 'i3d St., New York 17, N.Y. 


EVM 


Everledge Manufacturing, Inc 




Harrison City, Pa. 


KMT 


Fairmount Chemical Co., Ino- 




117 Blanohard St., Newark 5, N.J. 


FRM 


Farmers' Chemical Co 




P.O. Box 591, Kalamazoo, Mich. 


FAR 


Farnow, Inc 




4-83 48th Ave., Long Island 1, N.Y. 


FRR 


Estate of W. U. Farrin^ton-- 




P.O. Box 389, E. Greenwich, R.I. 






FCL 


Federal Color Laboratories, 


Ino 


7526 Chiokering Ave., Cincinnati 32, Ohio. 


FEL 


Felton Chemical Co., Inc 




599 Johnson Ave., Brooklyn 37, N.Y. 


FER 


Ferro Corp., Ferro Chemical 


Div 


P.O. Box 349, Bedford, Ohio. 


FBC 
FIN 






P.O. Box 218, J&tawan, N.J. 
205 Main St., Lodi, N.J. 


Fine Organics, Inc 






Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. : 






FIR 


Firestone Plastics Co. Div 




P.O. Box 690, Pottstown, Pa. 


FRS 


Firestone Synthetic Rubber 
Co. Div 


& Latex 


381 W. Wilbeth Rd., Akron 1, Ohio. 


FLO 


Florasynth Laboratories, Inc 




900 Van Nest Ave., New York 62, N.Y. 


FLA 


Florida Chemical Co., Inc 




P.O. Box 997, lake Alfred, Fla. 




Food Machinery & Chemical Corp. : 




FMB 


Becco Chemical Div 




Sawyer Ave. and River Rd., Tonawanda, N.Y. 


FMW 


Chemical Div 




161 E. 42d St., New York 17, N.Y. 


FMP 


Chemicals & Plastics Div-- 




1701 Patapsco Ave., Baltimore 26, Md., and 
P.O. Box 98, Nitro, W. Va. 


FOR 


Foremost Food & Chemical Co. 




P.O. Box 599, Oakland 4, Calif. 




El Dorado Div. 






FOM 


Formica Corp., Subsidiary of 


American 


4-614 Spring Grove Ave., Cincinnati 32, Chio. 




Cyanamid Co. 






FG 


Foster Grant Co., Inc 




289 N. Main St., Lecminster, Ifess. 


FH 


Foster-Heaton Co 




16 E. 5th., Paterson 4, N.J. 


FCD 


France, Campbell & Darling, 


[nc 


N. Michigan Ave., Kenilworth, N.J. 


FCP 


J. P. Frank Chemical & Plastics Corp-- 


5410 Avenue U, Brooklyn 34, N.Y. 


FRE 


Freeman Chemical Com 




222 E. Main St., Port Washington, Wis. 








FBS 


Fries Bros., Inc 




P.O. Box 8, Carlstadt, N.J. 


FSH 


Frisch & Co., Inc 




88 E. 11th St., Paterson 4, N.J. 


FB 


Fritzsche Bros., Inc 




76 9th Ave., New York 11, N.Y. 


FLH 


H. B. Fuller Co -- 




4819 Industrial Ct., Cincinnati 17, Ohio. 


FLW 


W. P. Fuller & Co 




450 E. Grand Ave., S. San Francisco, Calif. 


FPI 


Furane Plastics, Inc 




4516 Brazil St., Los Angeles 39, Calif. 


GAM 


r)nmnin r^orm'nnl ^^^rD 




355 Lexington Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 








GAN 


Gane's Chemical Works, Inc-- 




535 5th Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 


GGY 


Qeigy Chemical Core— 




P.O. Box 430, Yonkers, N.Y. 








OAF 


General Aniline & Film Corp- 




435 Hudson St., New York, N.Y. 








General Electric Co. : 






GE 


Chemical Materials DCDt 




1 Plastics Ave., Plttsfield, Mass. 








GEI 


Insulating Materials Dent— 




1 Campbell Rd., Schenectady 6, N.Y. 








SPD 


3illcone Products Deot 




Waterford, N.Y. 

1125 Hudson St., Hoboken, N.J. 


GNF 


General Foods Corp., Maxwell 


Hous Dlv- 


GNM 


General Mills, Inc 




9200 Wayzata Blvd., Minneapolis 26, Minn. 


GNT 


General Tire & Rubber Co., Chemical 

Div. 


1708 Englewood Ave., Akron 9, Ohio. 


GRG 


P. D. George Co 




5200 N. 2d St., St. Louis 7, Ifc. 


GIL 


Gilman Paint & Varnish Co 




W. 8th and Pine Sts., Chattanooga 1, Tenn. 


GIV 


Qlvaudan Corn—————————— 




109-201 Delawanna Ave., Delawanna, N.J. 

900 Union Commerce Bldg., Cleveland 14, Olio. 


GLD 


Glidden Co 




BFG 


B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich 


3135 Euclid Ave., Cleveland 15, Ohio. 




Chemical Co. Div. 






GGC 


Goodrich-Gulf Chemicals, Inc- 




1717 E. 9th St., Cleveland 14, Ohio. 


GYR 


Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co 




114-i E. Market St., Akron 16, Ohio. 


GOR 


Gordon Chemical Co., Inc 




88 Webster St., Worcester 3, Mass. 


GDN 


Gordon Chemicals, Inc 




Broad and 13th Sts., Carlstadt, N.J. 


GDL 


Gordon-Lacey Chemical Products Co., Inc 


57-02 48th St., Maspeth 78, N.Y. 



200 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 

TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, J960-- Continued 



Name of Company 



Office address 



W. R. Grace & Co.: 

Dewey & Almy Chemical Div 

Hatco Chemical Div 

Nitrogen Products Div 

Polymer Chemicals Div 

Grain Processing Corp 

Grand Rapids Varnish Corp 

Great American Plastics Co 

Great Lakes Chemical Corp 

Great Southern Chemical Corp 

Great Western Sugar Co 

Guard Chemical Co 

Gulf Oil Corp 

Gulf Research & Development Co 

Guyan Color & Chemical Works, Inc 

H & N Chemical Co 

Haag Laboratories, Inc 

Halhy Products Co., Inc 

C. P. Hall Co. of Illinois 

Hampden Color & Chemical Co 

Hampshire Chemical Corp 

Hanna Paint Manufacturing Co., Inc 

Harris Standard Paint Co., Inc 

Harshaw Chemical Co 

Hart Products Corp 

Hartman-Leddon Co., Inc 

Haveg Industries, Inc., Resin & 

Compound Div. 

Helene Curtis Industries, Inc 

Hercules Powder Co 

Imperial Color Chemical & Paper 
Corp. Div. 

Heresite & Chemical Co 

Heterochemioal Corp 

Hexagon Lahoratories, Inc 

Hexcel Products, Inc., Applied 

Plastics Div. 
Heyden Newport Chemical Corp 

Newport Industries Div 

Nuodex Products Div 

Hodag Chemical Corp 

Hoechst Chemical Corp 

Hof fmann-LaRoche , Inc 

Hofflnan-Taff, Inc 

Holland Color & Chemical Co 

Hooker Chemical Corp 

Durez Plastics Div 

Phosphorus Div 

E. F. Houghton & Co 

Chas. L. Hmsking & Co., Inc., Glyco 

Chemicals Div. 

Hukill Chemical Corp 

Humphrey-Wilkinson, Inc 

Husky Oil Co 

Hynson, Westcott & Dunning, Inc 

Industrial Dyestuff Co 

Inland Chemical Corp 

Inland Steel Container Co 

Interchemical Corp.: 

Color & Chemicals Div 

Finishes Div 

International Flavors & Fragrances, 

Inc 

International Minerals & Chemical Corp 

International Paper Co 

International Resistance Co 

Inter-Pacific Resins, Inc 

Intex Chemical Corp 

Ironsides Co 



62 Whittemore Ave., Cambridge "iO, Mass. 

King George Post Rd., P.O. Box 27, Fords, N.J. 

I<i7 Jefferson, Memphis 7, Tenn. 

225 Allwood Rd., Clifton, N.J. 

1600 Oregon St., Muscatine, Iowa. 

1350 Steele Ave. SW. , Grand Rapids 2, Mich. 

85 Factory St., Nashua, N.H. 

2024 Filer City Rd., Filer City, Mich. 

P.O. Box 4166, Corpus Christi, Tex. 

P.O. Box 5308, Terminal Annex, Denver 17, Colo. 

N. Water St., Ossining, N.Y. 

P.O. Drawer 2100, Houston 1, Tex. 

P.O. Drawer 2038, Pittsburgh 30, Pa. 

Box 1088, Huntington 1, W. Va. 

88 Bleeker St., Paterson 4, N.J. 

14110 S. Seeley, Blue Island, 111. 

P.O. Box 366, Wilmington 99, Del. 

5245 W. 73d St., Chicago 38, 111. 

5 Albany St., Springfield 5, Mass. 

Poisson Ave., Nashua, N.H. 

1313 Windsor Ave., Columbus 16, Ohio. 

1026 N. 19th St., Tampa 1, Fla. 

1945 E. 97th St., Cleveland 6, Ohio. 

1440 Broadway, New York 18, N.Y. 

60th and Woodland Ave., Philadelphia 43, Pa. 

Plastics Park, Wilmington 8, Del. 

4401 W. North Ave., Chicago 39, 111. 
910 Hercules Tower, Wilmington 99, Del. 
P.O. Box 231, Glen Falls, N.Y. 

822 S. 14th St., Manitowoc, Wis. 
Ill E. Hawthorne Ave., Valley Stream, N.Y. 
3536 Peartree Ave., New York 69, N.Y. 
130 Penn St., El Segundo, Calif. 

342 Madison Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 

P.O. Box 911, Pensacola, Fla. 

830 Magnolia Ave., Elizabeth, N.J. 

7247 N. Central Park Ave., Skokie, 111. 

129 Quidnick St., W. Warwick, R.I. 

324 Kingsland Rd., Nutley 10, N.J. 

P.O. Box 1246, Springfield, Mo. 

492 Douglas Ave., Holland, Mich. 

666 5th Ave., New York 19, N.Y. 

Walck Rd., N. Tonawanda, N.Y. 

Buffalo Ave. and 47th St., Niagara Falls, N.Y. 

303 W. Lehigh Ave., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 

417 5th Ave., New York 16, N.Y. 

2533 Broadway Ave . , Cleveland 13, Ohio. 

Devine St., North Haven, Conn. 

P.O. Box 380, Cody, Wyo. 

Charles and Chase Sts., Baltimore 1, Md. 

Dexter Rd., E. Providence 14, R.I. 
415 Lexington Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 
6532 S. Menard Ave., Chicago 38, 111. 

150 Wagaraw Rd., Hawthorne, N.J. 
224 McWhorter St., Newark 1, N.J. 

521 W. 57th St., New York 19, N.Y. 
5401 Old Orchard Rd., Skokie, 111. 
220 E. 42d St., New York 17, N.Y. 
401 N. Broad St., Philadelphia 8, Pa. 
P.O. Box 445, Sweet Home, Oreg. 
165 Main St., Lodi, N.J. 
270 W. Mound St., Columbus 15, Ohio. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 
TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1960 — Continued 



201 



Name of company 



Office address 



Jamestovm Paint & Varnish Co 

Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc 

Jefferson Lake Sulphur Co., Merichem 

Co. Div. 

Jennison-Wright Corp 

Andrew Jergens Co 

Jersey State Chemical Co 

Jewel Paint & Varnish Co 

S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc 

Jones-Blair Paint Co 

Jones-Dabney Co 

W. H. & F. Jordan, Jr. Manufacturing 

Co. 



Kali Manufacturing Co 

Kay-Fries Chemicals, Inc 

Kelly-Pickering Chemical Corp 

Kendall Refining Co 

Kennecott Copper Corp.; 

Chino Mines Div 

Utah Copper Div 

Kenrich Petrochemicals, Inc 

Kessler Chemical Co., Inc 

Keysor Chemical Co 

Keystone Chemurgio Corp 

Keystone Color Works, Inc 

Keystone Paint & Varnish Corp 

Kilsdonk Chemical Corp 

0. L. King & Co 

Knapp Products, Inc 

Knoedler Chemical Co 

Knudsen Creamery Co. of California, 
Calresin Co. Div. 

H. Kohnstamm & Co., Inc 

Kolker Chemical Corp 

Koppers Co., Inc.: 

Chemicals & Dyestuffs Div 

Plastics Div 

Tar Products Div 

Krystall Chemical Co 

Kyanize Paints, Inc 



Lakeside Laboratories, Inc 

LaMotte Chemical Products Co 

LaSalle Chemical Corp 

Laurel Soap Manufacturing Co., Inc- 

Lawrence Mills, Inc 

Lawter Chemicals, Inc., Krumbhaar 
Resin Div. 

Leatex Chemical Co 

Lebanon Chemical Corp 

Leffingwell Chemical Co 

Lehigh Chemical Co 

B. L. Lemke & Co., Inc 

Leonard Refineries, Inc 

Lever Brothers Co 

C. Lever Co., Ino 

Fred'k H. Levey Co., Inc 

Lewis Tar Products Co 

Eli Lilly & Co-- 

Charles R. Long, Jr. Co 

Lubrizol Corp 

George Lueders & Co 



Magnolia Plastics, Inc 

Magruder Color Co., Inc 

Maher Color & Chemical Co 

Mallinckrodt Chemical Works-- 

Mansun Paint Co., Inc 

Marblette Corp 

Marden-Wild Corp 

Marlowe-Van Loan Corp 

Max Marx Color & Chemical Co- 
Maryland Plastics, Inc 



Jamestown, Pa. 

P.O. Box 303, Houston 1, Tex. 

1914 Haden Rd., Houston 15, Tex. 

Box 4187, Station E, Toledo 9, Ohio. 

2535 Spring Grove Ave., Cincinnati 14, Ohio. 

59 Lee Ave., Haledon, N.J. 

345 N. Western Ave., Chicago 12, 111. 

1525 Howe St., Racine, Wis. 

P.O. Box 35286, Dallas 35, Tex. 

1481 S. 11th St., Louisville 8, Ky. 

2126 E. Somerset St., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 



427 E. Moyer St., Philadelphia 25, Pa. 
180 Madison Ave., New York 16, N.Y. 
956 Bransten Rd., San Carlos, Calif. 
77 Kendall Ave., Bradford, Pa. 

Hurley, N. Mex. 

P.O. Box 1650, Salt Lake City 10, Utah. 

57-02 48th St., Maspeth 78, N.Y. 

State Rd. and Cottman Ave., Philadelphia 35, Pa. 

26000 Bouquet Canyon Rd., Saugus, Calif. 

R.D. #2, Bethlehem, Pa. 

151 W. Gay Ave., York, Pa. 

71 Otsego St., Brooklyn 31, N.Y. 

101 Canal St., Lock Haven, Pa. 

640 Oilman St., Berkeley 10, Calif. 

180 Hamilton Ave., Lodi, N.J. 

651 High St., Lancaster, Pa. 

4543 Brazil St., Los Angeles 39, Calif. 

161 Avenue of the Americas, New York 13, N.Y. 
600 Doremus Ave., Nev/ark 5, N.J. 

Koppers Bldg., 430 7th Ave., Pittsburgh 19, Pa. 
Koppers Bldg., 430 7th Ave., Pittsburgh 19, Pa. 
Koppers Bldg., 430 7th Ave., Pittsburgh 19, Pa. 
1301 W. Belden Ave., Chicago 14, 111. 
2d and Boston Sts., Everett 49, Mass. 

1707 E. North Ave., Milwaukee 1, Wis. 

Chestertown, Md. 

21-23 Merseles St., Jersey City 2, N.J. 

Thompson and Tioga Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 

19 S. Canal St., Lawrence, Mass. 

3550 Touhy Ave., Chicago 45, 111. 

2722 N. Hancock St., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 

P.O. Box 532, Lebanon, Pa. 

10523 S. Santa Gertrudes Rd., Whittier, Calif. 

P.O. Box 120, Chesterto;vn, Md. 

199 Main St., Lodi, N.J. 

E. Superior St., Alma, Mich. 

390 Park Ave., New York 22, N.Y. 

Howard and Huntington Sts., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 

380 Madison Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 

P.O. Box A, Lyons, 111. 

740 S. Alabama St., Indianapolis 6, Ind. 

1630 W. Hill St., Louisville 10, Ky. 

Cleveland 17, Ohio. 

427 Washington St., New York 13, N.Y. 

5547 Peachtree Industrial Blvd., Chamblee, Ga. 

2385 Richmond Terrace, Staten Island 2, N.Y. 

1700 N. Elston Ave., Chicago 22, 111. 

3600 N. 2d St., St. Louis 7, Mo. 

416 Boulevard, E. Paterson, N.J. 

37-31 30th St., Long Island City 1, N.Y. 

500 Columbia St., Somerviije 43, Mass. 

1511 Byrum St., High Point, N.C. 

192 Coit St., Irvington 11, N.J. 

25 E. Central Ave., Federalsburg, Md. 



60809* O -61 -14 



202 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 

TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1960 — Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Ifethe Chemical Co 

Jfeumee Chemical Co 

Otto B. May, Inc 

McCloskey Varnish Co 

McVVhorter Chemicals, Inc 

Medical Chemicals Corp 

Iferck & Co., Inc 

M. J. Merkin Paint Co., Inc 

Kfesa Plastics Co 

Metal Hydrides, Inc 

Ifetalsalts Corps 

tfetro- Atlantic , Inc 

J. Meyer & Sons, Inc 

Michigan Chemical Corp 

Midland Industrial Finishes Co 

Miles Chemical Co 

Mineral Oil Refining Co 

Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co 

Minnesota Paints, Inc 

Miranol Chemical Co., Inc 

Mississippi Chemical Corp 

Itobay Chemical Co — ' 

MDlded Fiber Glass Body Co 

Mona Industries, Inc 

Monsanto Chemical Co 

Plastics Div 

Western Div 

Montrose Chemical Co 

Ifontrose Chemical Corp. of California- 
Benjamin Moore & Co 

Marnlngstar Paisley, Inc 

Morton Chemical Co 

MDrwear Paint Co 

Motomco, Inc 

National Biochemical Co 

National Casein Co 

National Dairy Products Corp. , 

Sheffield Chemical Co. Div. 
National Distillers & Chemical Corp., 

U.S. Industrial Chemicals Co. Div. 

National Lead Co 

National Plastic Products Co 

National Polychemicals, Inc 

National Southern Products Corp 

National Starch & Chemical Corp 

National Vulcanized Fibre Co 

Nease Chemical Co., Inc 

Nepera Chemical Co., Inc 

Neville Chemical Co 

New York & Pennsylvania Co., Inc 

Nilok Chemicals, Inc 

A. P. Noweiler Co 

Nopco Chemical Co., Inc 

Norda Essential Oil & Chemical Co., Ino 

Northwestern Chemical Co 

Noririch Pharmacal Co 

O'Brien Corp 

Odessa Butadiene Co 

Odessa Styrene Co 

Ohio Chemical & Surgical Equipment Co- 
Oil & Chemical Products, Inc 

Old Colony Tar Co., Inc 

Old Hickory Chemical Co., Inc 

Olln Mathieson Chemical Corp 

Blockson Chemical Co. Div 

E. R. Squibb & Sons Div 

Onyx Chemical Corp 

Qrbls Products Corp 

Organics, Inc 

Ortho Chemical Corp 



169 Mllbank St., Lodi, N.J. 

1310 Expressway Dr. , Toledo 8, Ohio. 

52 Amsterdam St., Nevvark 5, N.J. 

7600 State Rd., Philadelphia i,9, Pa. 

164-5 S. Kilboum Ave., Chicago 23, 111. 

';i22 W. Grand Ave., Chicago 51, 111. 

Lincoln Ave., Rahway, N.J. 

1441 Broadway, New York 18, N.Y. 

12270 Nebraska Ave . , Los Angeles 25, Calif. 

12-24 Congress St., Beverly, Mass. 

200 Wagaravv Rd., Hawthorne, N.J. 

2072 Smith St., Centerdale 11, R.I. 

4321 N. 4th St., Philadelphia 40, Pa. 

500 N. Bankson St., St. Louis, Mich. 

E. Water St., Waukegan, 111. 

1127 %rtle St., Elkhart, Ind. 

P.O. Drawer C, Dickinson 1, Tex. 

900 Bush Ave., St. Paul 6, Minn. 

1101 S. 3d St., Minneapolis 15, Minn. 

277 Colt St., Irvington 11, N.J. 

P.O. Box 563, Yazoo City, Miss. 

Penn Lincoln Parkway, <i. Pittsburgh, Pa. 

4601 Benefit Ave., Ashtabula, Ohio. 

65 E. 23d St., Paterson 17, N.J. 

800 N. Lindbergh Blvd., St. Louis 66, Mo. 

812 Msnsanto Ave., Springfield 2, Mass., and P.O. Box 1311, 

Texas City, Tex. 
P.O. Box 120, Santa Clara, Calif. 
100 Lister Ave., Newark 5, N.J. 
500 S. Virgil Ave., Los Angeles 5, Calif. 
548 5th Ave., New York 36, N.Y. 
1770 Canalport Ave., Chicago 16, 111. 

110 N. Wacker Dr., Chicago 6, 111. 
568 14th St., Oakland 12, Calif. 
89 Terminal Ave., Clark, N.J. 

3127 W. Lake St., Chicago 12, 111. 
601 W. 80th St., Chicago 20, 111. 
P.O. Box 630, Norwich, N.Y. 

99 Park Ave., New York 16, N.Y. 

111 Broadway, New York 6, N.Y. 
Odenton, Md . 

Eames St., Wilmington, Mass. 

P.O. Box 390, Tuscaloosa, Ala. 

750 3d Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 

1000 Beach St., Wilmington, Del. 

P.O. Box 221, State College, Pa. 

Rt. 17 and Averill Ave., Harrlman, N.Y. 

Neville Island, Pittsburgh 25, Pa. 

425 Park Ave., New York 22, N.Y. 

2000 College Ave., Niagara Falls, N.Y. 
P.O. Box 1007, Oshkosh, Wis. 

60 Park PI., Newark 2, N.J. 
601 W. 26th St., New York 1, N.Y. 
120 N. Aurora St., W. Chicago, 111. 
17 Eaton Ave., Norwich, N.Y. 

2001 W. Washington Ave., South Bend 21, Ind. 
P.O. Box 1161, El Paso, Tex. 

P.O. Box 1161, El Paso, Tex. 

1400 E. Washington Ave., Madison 10, Wis. 

295 Madison Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 

500 5th Ave., New York 36, N.Y. 

P.O. Box 1480, Richmond 12, Va. 

P.O. Box 1996, Baltimore 3, Md. 

Joliet, 111. 

745 5th Ave., New York 22, N.Y. 

190 Warren St., Jersey City 2, N.J. 

601 '.v. 26th St., New York 1, N.Y. 

1724 Greenleaf Ave., Chicago 26, 111. 

52-20 37th St., Long Island City 1, N.Y. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 
TABLE 23. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , i960— Continued 



203 



Code 


Name of company 




OSB 


C. J. Osboin Co 


1301 W. Blancke St., Linden, N.J. 




OTA 


Ottawa Chemical Co 


700 N. VVheeling St., Toledo 5, Ohio. 




OTT 


Ottol Oil Co 


A:>5 Cortlandt St., Belleville 9, N.J. 




OCF 




National Bank Bldg., Toledo 1, Ohio. 




U'Vens— oomiijg riDergj.as oorp— — 




PBS 


Pabst Brewing Co 


917 W. Juneau Ave., Milwaukee 1, Wis. 




PCA 


Pacific Carbide & Alloys Co 


P.O. Box 5607, Portland 17, Oreg. 




PAN 
PNT 




P.O. Box 591, Tulsa 2, Okla. 
26 Jefferson St., Passaic, N.J. 




i^dii iiiiiKj icdii rc 1-rui.eujii oorp~ 

Pantasote Co 




PD 


Parke-Davis & Co 


Foot of Jos. Campau, Detroit 32, Uich. 




PRP 


M. W. Parsons -Plymouth, Inc 


59 Beekman St., New York 38, N.Y. 




PAT 


Patent Chemicals, Inc. 


335 McLean Blvd., Paterson ^, N.J. 




PUL 


Paul-Lewis Laboratories, Inc 


4215 N. Port Washington Ave., Milwaukee 12, 


Wis. 


PEK 


Peck's Products Co 


610 E. Clarence Ave., St. Louis 15, Mo. 




PCH 


Peerless Chemical Co 


3850 Oakman Blvd., Detroit 4, Mich. 




PCO 


Peerless Color Co., Inc 


521 North Ave., Plainfield, N.J. 




PEL 




7847 W. 47th St., I^yons, 111. 








PEN 


S. B. Penlck & Co 


100 Church St., New York, N.Y. 




PAS 




3 Penn Center, Philadelphia 2, Pa. 










PAI 


Pennsylvania Industrial Chemical Corp- 


120 State St., Box 240, Clairton, Pa. 




PAR 


Pennsylvania Refining Co 


Butler Savings and Trust Bldg., Butler, Pa. 




PGU 


Perkins Glue Co. 


632 Cannon Ave., Lansdale, Pa. 




PER 


Perry & Derrick Co., Inc 


2510 Highland Ave., Cincinnati 12, Ohio. 




PET 


Petroleum Chemicals, Inc 


P.O. Box 1522, Lake Charles, La. 




PTT 


Pg^tro- Tex Chemical Coro— 


P.O. Box 2584, Houston 1, Tex. 
1219 Glen Rock Ave., Waukegan, 111. 




PFN 


Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc 




IOC 


Pfaudler Permutit, Inc., lonac 


Birmingham, N.J. 






Chemical Co. Div. 






PCW 


Pfister Chemical Works, Inc 


Unden Ave., Ridgefield, N.J. 




PFZ 


Chas . Pfizer & Co. Inc.------- 


235 E. 42d St., New York 17, N.Y. 
Broad and Wood Sts., Bethlehem, Pa. 




PHR 


Pharmachem Corp 




PFP 


Phelan-Faust Paint Manufacturing Co 


932 Loughborough Ave., St. Louis 11, Mo. 




PLC 


Phillips Chemical Co 


Adams Bldg., Bartlesville, Okla. 




PLP 


Phillips Petroleum Co 


PhilUps Bldg., Bartlesville, Okla. 




PNX 


Phoenix Oil Co 


9505 Cassius Ave., Cleveland 5, Ohio. 




PIC 


Pierce Chemical Co 


P.O. Box 117, Rockford, 111. 




PIL 


Pilot Chemical Co. of California 


11756 Burke St., Santa Fe Springs, Calif. 




PIT 


Pitt-Consol Chemical Co 


191 Doremus Ave., Newark 5, N.J. 




PCC 


Pittsburgh Coke & Chemical Co., Pitts- 


2000 Grant Bldg., Pittsburgh 30, Pa. 






burgh Chemical Co. Div. 






PPG 


Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co 


1 Gateway Center, Pittsburgh 22, Pa. 




PLN 


Planetary Chemical Co., Inc 


3500 DeKalb'St., St. Louis 18, Mo. 




PLA 


Plastics Corp. of America 


700 Canal St., Box 1158, Stamford, Conn. 










PLS 


Plastics Engineering Co 


1607 Geele Ave., Sheboygan, Wis. 




PLU 




4837 James St., Philadelphia 37, Pa. 










PYL 


Polychemical Laboratories, Inc 


490 Hunts Point Ave., New York 59, N.Y. 




POL 




Fairmont and Alton Aves., Reading, Pa. 










PLY 


Polymer Industries, Inc 


Viaduct Rd., Springdale, Conn. 




PYR 


Poly Resins 


11655 Wicks St., Sun Valley, Calif. 










PYZ 


Polyrez Co., Inc 


So. Columbia St. and Railroad, Woodbury, N.J 




PDC 


Pouijhkeepsie Dvestuff Core— 


77 N. Water St., Poughkeepsie, N.Y. 










PRT 


Pratt & Lambert, Inc 


75 Tonawanda St., Buffalo 7, N.Y. 




PCS 


Process Chemicals Co 


8733 S. Dice Rd., Santa Fe Springs, Calif. 




PC 


Procter & Gamble Co., Procter & Gamble 


301 E. 6th St., Cincinnati 2, Ohio. 






Manufacturing Co. Div. 






PC 


Proctor Chemical Co., Inc 


P.O. Box 399, Salisbury, N.C. 




PRD 


Pr oduc t ol Co — - -— 


417 S. Hill St., Los Angeles 13, Calif. 










PUB 


Publlcker Industries, Inc 


1429 Walnut St., Philadelphia 2, Pa. 




PSP 


Puget Sound Pulp & Timber Co 


300 Laurel St., Bellingham, Wash. 




PRO 


Pure Oil Co ------- - 


200 E. Gulf Rd., Palatini, 111. 
9300 Rayo Ave., South Gate, Calif. 




PRX 


Purex Corp. Ltd-- -— -- - - 










QCP 


Quaker Chemical Products Coro— 


Elm, Lime, and Sandy Sts., Conshohocken, Pa. 










QKO 


Quaker Oats Co 


Merchandise Mart Plaza, Chicago 54, 111. 




RSA 


R. S. A. Corp 


690 Saw Mill River Rd., Ardsley, N.Y. 










RAB 


Raybestos-Manhattan, Inc., Raybestos 
Div. 


P.O. Box 1021, Bridgeport 2, Conn. 




RET 


Rayette, Inc., Chemical Div 


261 E. 5th St., St. Paul 1, Minn. 




RED 


Red Spot Paint & Varnish Co., Inc. 


110 Main St., Evansville 8, Ind. 




RPC 


Refined Products Coro- — 


624 Schuyler Ave., I^yndhurst, N.J. 










RCI 


Reichliold Chemicals, Inc 


525 N. Broadway, White Plains, N.Y. 




AKL 


AUsydol Laboratories Div 


,'738 W. 61st PI., Summit, 111. 




VAR 


Varcum Chemical Div 


Niagara Falls, N.Y. 





204 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 

TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1960 — Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Reilly Tar & Chemical Corp 

Reliance Varnish Co., Ino 

Coast Paint & Lacquer Co. Div 

Remington Arms Co., Inc 

Republic Creosotlng Co 

Rexall Chemical Co 

Rezolln, Inc 

Rhodia, Inc 

Richardson Co 

Richfield Oil Corp 

Hiker Laboratories, Inc 

Rlnshed-Mason Co 

F. Ritter & Co 

Ritter Chemical Co., Ino 

Riverdale Chemical Co 

Robert & Co., Ino 

Roberts Chemicals, Ino 

Rock Hill Printing & Finishing Co 

Rogers Corp 

Rohm & Haas Co 

Roma Chemical Corp 

Rosett Chemicals, Inc 

Royce Chemical Co 

Rubber Corp. of America 

Ruberoid Co 

S & W Chemical Co., Ino 

St. Regis Paper Co., Lake States 
Yeast & Chemical Div. 

Dr. Salsbury's Laboratories 

Salvo Chemical Corp 

Sandoz, Ino 

Sartomer Resins, Inc 

Schaefer Varnish Co., Ino 

Schenectady Varnish Co., Ino 

R. P. Scherer Corp 

Sobering Corp 

Scholler Bros., Inc 

Schuylkill Chemical Co 

Schwarz Bioresearch, Inc 

G. D. Searle & Co 

Seidlltz Paint & Varnish Co- 

Shawinigan Resins Corp 

Shell Oil Co — 

Shell Chemical Co. Div 

Shepherd Chemical Co 

Sherwin-Williams Co 

Shulton, Ino 

George F. Slddall Co., Inc 

Signal Oil & Gas Co 

Simpson Redwood Co 

Sinclair Refining Co 

James B. Sipe & Co 

Smith, Kline & French Laboratories 

Sooony Mobil Oil Co., Inc., Mobil Oil 

Co. Div. 

Socony Paint Products Co 

Solar Nitrogen Chemicals, Inc., Sohlo 

Chemical Co., Agent. 

Solar Chemical Corp 

Soluol Chemical Co., Ino 

Solvent Chemical Co., Inc 

Sonnebom Chemical & Refining Corp 

Sonoco Products Co 

Southern Nitrogen Co 

Southern Resin Glue Co 

Southern Sizing Co 

Spaulding Fibre Co., Inc 

Spencer Chemical Co 

A. E. Staley Manufacturing Co 

UBS Chemical Co. Div 

Standard Agricultural Chemicals, Ino — 
Standard Brands, Inc., Clinton Com 

Processing Co. Div. 



1615 Merchants Bank Bldg., Indianapolis 4, Ind. 

4730 Crittenden Dr., Louisville 9, Ky. 

P.O. Box 1113, Houston 1, Tex. 

939 Bamum Ave., Bridgeport 2, Conn. 

1615 Merchants Bank Bldg., Indianapolis A, Ind. 

S480 Beverly Blvd., los Angeles 54, Calif. 

1651 18th St., Santa Monica, Calif. 

60 E. 56th St., New York 22, N.Y. 

27th Ave. and Lake St., Melrose Park, 111. 

555 S. Flower St., Los Angeles 17, Calif. 

19901 Nordhoff St., Northridge, Calif. 

5935 Milford Ave., Detroit 10, Mich. 

4001 Goodwin Ave., Los Angeles 39, Calif. 

403 W. Main St., Amsterdam, N.Y. 

220 E. 17th St., Chicago Heights, 111. 

20 Vesey St., New York 7, N.Y. 

P.O. Box 446, Nitro, W. Va. 

Rock Hill, S.C. 

Mill St., Rogers, Conn. 

222 W. Washington Sq., Philadelphia 5, Pa. 

900 Passaic Ave., E. Newark, N.J. 

84 Waydell St., Newark 5, N.J. 

Carlton Ave., Carlton Hill, N.J. 

New South Rd., Hloksvllle, N.Y. 

500 5th Ave., New York 36, N.Y. 

P.O. Box 995, LaPorte, Tex. 

603 W. Davenport St., Rhinelander, Wis. 

500 Gilbert St., Charles City, Iowa. 

Rothschild, Wis. 

61-63 Van Dam St., New York 13, N.Y. 

32d and Spring Garden Sts., Philadelphia 4, Pa. 

15th and Magnolia Sts., Louisville 10, Ky. 

Congress St. and 9th Ave., Schenectady 1, N.Y. 

9425 Grinnell Ave., Detroit 13, Mich. 

1011 Morris Ave., Union, N.J. 

Collins and Westmoreland Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 

2346 Sedgley Ave., Philadelphia 32, Pa. 

230 Washington St., Mt. Vernon, N.Y. 

P.O. Box 5110, Chicago 80, 111. 

18th and Garfield, Kansas City 10, Mo. 

644 Monsanto Ave., Springfield 1, Mass. 

50 W. 50th St., New York 20, N.Y. 

50 W. 50th St., New York 20, N.Y. 

2803 Highland Ave., Cincinnati 12, Ohio. 

101 Prospect Ave., N.W., Cleveland 1, Ohio. 

P.O. Box 46, Clifton, N.J. 

P.O. Box 925, Spartanburg, S.C. 

P.O. Box 5008, Harrisburg Station, Houston 12, Tex. 

2301 N. Columbia Blvd., Portland 17, Oreg. 

600 5th Ave., New York 20, N.Y. 

Box 8010, Pittsburgh 16, Pa. 

1500 Spring Garden St., Philadelphia 1, Pa. 

612 S. Flower St., Los Angeles 54, Calif., and P.O. Box 3311, 

Beaumont, Tex. 
Metuchen, N.J. 
554A Guildhall Bldg., Cleveland 15, Ohio. 

29 Fuller St., Leominster, Mass. 

Green Hill and Market Sts., W. Warwick, R.I. 

341 Commercial St., Maiden 48, Mass. 

300 Park Ave. S., New York 10, N.Y. 

Hartsvllle, S.C. 

P.O. Box 246, Savannah, Ga. 

P.O. Box 352, Fayetteville, N.C. 

3056 SE. Main St., East Point, Ga. 

310 Wheeler St., Tonawanda, N.Y. 

610 Dwight Bldg., Kansas City 5, Mo. 

22d and Eldorado Sts., Decatur, 111. 

491 Main St., Cambridge 42, Mass. 

1301 Jefferson St., Hoboken, N.J. 

Clinton, Iowa. 



J 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 
TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1960 — Continued 



205 



Code 


Name of company 


Office address 


SCP 


Standard Chemical Products, Inc 


1301 Jefferson St., Hoboken, N.J. 


sec 


Standard Chlorine Chemical Co., Inc 


115 Jacobus Ave., S. Kearny, N.J. 






19 E. 5th St., Paterson A, N.J. 
115 Jacobus Ave., S. Kearny, N.J. 


STN 


Standard Naphthalene Products Co., Inc- 


SOC 


Standard Oil Co. of California, Western 


225 Bush St., San Francisco 20, Calif. 




Operations, Inc. 




SOI 


Standard Oil Co. of Indiana 


910 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 80, 111. 


STT 


Standard Toch Chemicals, Inc 


2600 Richmond Ter., Staten Island 3, N.Y. 


sue 


Standard Ultramarine & Color Co 


P.O. Box 2166, Huntington 18, W. Va. 


STG 


Wm. J. Stange Co 


34-2 N. Western Ave., Chicago 12, 111. 


SCS 


Stanley Works, Stanley Chemical Co. Div 


Berlin St., E. Berlin, Conn. 


SF 


Stauffer Chemical Co 


380 Madison Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 


SFA 


Anderson Chemical Co. Div 


380 Madison Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 


CHO 


Calhlo Chemicals Div 


380 Madison Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 


VIC 


Victor Chemical Works Div 


155 N. Wacker Dr., Chicago 6, 111. 


SCI 


Stecker Chemicals, Inc 


AS N. Broad St., Ridgewood, N.J. 


SH 


Stein, Hall & Co., Inc 


285 Madison Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 


STP 


Stepan Chemical Co 


Evans and Winnetta, Northfield, 111. 


Mm 


Maywood Chemical Works Div 


100 W. Hunter Ave., Maywood, N.J. 




Sterling Drug, Inc.: 




SDG 


Glenbrook Laboratories Div 


K50 Broadway, New York 18, N.Y. 


SDH 


Hilton-Davis Chemical Co. Div 


2235 Langdon Farm Rd., Cincinnati 13, Ohio. 


SDW 


Winthrop Laboratories Div 


U50 Broadway, New York 18, N.Y. 


SRR 


Fred'k A. Stresen-Reuter, Inc 


-400 W. Roosevelt Ave., Bensenville, 111. 


SVC 


Sullivan Varnish Co 


410 N. Hart St., Chicago 22, 111. 






11 William St., Belleville 9, N.J. 

92 Chestnut Ave., Staten Island 5, N.Y. 


SNA 


Sun Chemical Corp., Ansbacher-Siegle 




Corp. Div. 




SKG 


Sunkist Growers, Inc 


707 W. 5th St., Los Angeles, Calif. 






1608 Walnut St., Philadelphia 3, Pa. 






SNO 


SunOlin Chemical Co 


1616 Walnut St., Philadelphia, Pa. 


SNT 


Suntide Refining Co 


P.O. Box 658, Corpus Christi, Tex. 


SWT 


Swift & Co 


4115 S. Packers Ave., Chicago 9, 111. 


SYR 


Synco Resins, Inc 


Henry St., Bethel, Conn. 


SYC 


Synthetic Chemicals, Inc 


335 McLean Blvd., Paterson 4, N.J. 


SYP 


Synthetic Products Co 


1636 Wayside Rd., Cleveland 20, Ohio. 






726 King St., Wilmington 99, Del. 




y e 






Belleville Turnpike, Kearny, N.J. 










P.O. Box 471, Norristown, Pa. 
61 Broadway, New York 6, N.Y. 


TN 








INP 


Tennessee Products & Chemical Corp 


2611 West End Ave., Nashville 5, Tenn. 


rx 


Texaco, Inc 


135 E. 42d St., New York 17, N.Y. 


rxB 


Texas Butadiene & Chemical Corp 


440 Bank of the Southwest Bldg., Houston 2, Tex. 


rus 


Texas-U.S. Chemical Co 


P.O. Box 667, Port Neohes, Tex. 






20-21 Wagaraw Rd., Fair Lawn, N.J. 






'KL 




P.O. Box 27, Bristol, Pa. 

120 Lister Ave., Newark 5, N.J. 

90 Mendor Ave., Pawtucket, R. I. 






FHC 


Thompson Chemical Co 






Marguerite Ave., Leominster, Mass. 










P.O. Box 71, Toms River, N.J. 
520 W. 25th St., Chicago 16, 111. 


rv 


Tousey Varnish Co 


ACT 


Arthur C. Trask Co 


327 S. LaSalle St., Chicago 4, 111. 


FRP 


Treplow Chemical Co 


100 New St., Paterson 1, N.J. 


rcL 


Triangle Chemical Co 


206 Lower Elm St., Macon, Ga. 


raj 


Trojan Powder Co 


17 N. 7th St., Allentown, Pa. 


rsK 


Trubek Laboratories 


State Highway 17, E. Rutherford, N.J. 


7TC 


Joseph Turner & Co 


P.O. Box 88, Ridgefield, N.J. 






90 West St., New York 6, N.Y. 

161 Avenue of the Americas, New York 13, N.Y. 


mo 


Ungerer & Co 




Uaion Carbide Corp.: 




JCC 


Union Carbide Chemicals Co. Div 


270 Park Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 


JCP 


Union Carbide Plastics Co. Div 


270 Park Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 


JCS 


Silicones Div 


270 Park Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 


uoc 


Union Oil Co. of California 


461 S. Boylston St., Los Angeles 17, Calif. 


mc 


United Cork Companies 


Central Ave., Kearny, N.J. 


rac 


United Rubber & Chemical Co 


P.O. Box 149, Baytown, Tex. 


JSB 




630 Shatto PI., Los Angeles 5, Calif. 






USO 


U.S. Oil Co 


P.O. Box 307, Providence, R.I. 


in>F 




3300 1st Ave. N., Birmingham 2, Ala. 






Lake and Whitman Aves., Itetuchen, N.J. 







206 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS. 1960 

TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1960 — Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



U.S. Rubber Co., Naugatuok Chemical 
Dlv. 

Universal Chemicals Corp 

Universal Detergents, Inc. and Petro- 
chemicals Co. 

Universal Oil Products Co 

Universal Western Chemical Corp 

Upjohn Co 

Valchem 

Valentine Sugars, Inc., Vallte Dlv 

Vanderbllt Chemical Corp 

Van Dyk & Co., Inc 

Velslcol Chemical Corp 

Verley Chemical Co., Inc 

Verona-Pharma Chemical Corp 

Vickers Petroleum Co., Inc 

Vlneland Chemical Co 

Virginia-Carolina Chemical Corp 

Visco Products Co 

Vitamins, Inc 

Vita-Var Corp 

Vulcan Materials Co., Frontier Chem- 
ical Co. Dlv. 

Wallace & Tieman, Inc 

Harchem Dlv 

Lucidol Dlv 

Warner- Jenklnson Manufacturing Co 

Warren Paint & Color Co 

T. F. Washburn Co 

West Coast Adhesives Co 

Western Dry Color Co 

Western Organlos, Inc 

Westinghouse Electric Corp 

Westvllle Laboratories, Inc 

West Virginia Pulp & Paper Co., Poly- 
chemicals Dlv. 

Geo. D. Wetherlll Varnish Co 

Weyerhaeuser Co., Roddis Div 

Wheeler, Reynolds & Stauffer 

White & Bagley Co 

White & Hodges, Inc 

Whittemore-Wright Co., Inc 

Wlca Co., Inc 

Wllmot & Cassidy, Inc 

Wilson & Co., Inc., Wilson Labora- 
tories Div. 

Witco Chemical Co., Inc 

Tar Distilling Co., Inc. Dlv 

Ultra Chemical Works, Inc. Div 

John H. Wltte & Sons, Resin Dlv 

W. A. Wood Co 

Wood Ridge Chemical Corp 

Woonsooket Color & Chemical Co 

Wyandotte Chemicals Corp 

Yates Co 

Young Aniline Works, Inc 



1230 Avenue of the Americas, New York 20, N.Y. 

48 Hunt St., Central Falls, R.I. 

1825 E. Spring St., Long Beach 6, Calif. 

30 Algonquin Rd., Des Plaines, 111. 

12800 E. Imperial Hwy., P.O. Box 487, Norwalk, Calif. 

301 Henrietta St., Kalamazoo 99, Mich. 

1407 Broadway, New York 18, N.Y. 
726 Whitney Bldg., New Orleans 2, La. 
230 Park Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 
11 William St., Belleville 9, N.J. 
330 E. Grand Ave., Chicago 11, 111. 
200 Pulaski St., Newark 5, N.J. 
Box 385, lorio Ct., Union, N.J. 
P.O. Box 2240, Wichita 1, Kans. 
W. Wheat Rd., Vlneland, N.J. 
401 E. Main St., Richmond 6, Va. 
1020 Holcombe Blvd., Houston 25, Tex. 
809 W. 58th St., Chicago 21, 111. 
10 Commerce Ct., Newark 2, N.J. 
P.O. Box 545, Wichita 1, Kans. 



25 Main St., Belleville 9, N.J. 

P.O. Box 178, Newark 1, N.J. 

1740 Military Rd., Buffalo 5, N.Y. 

2526 Baldwin St., St. Louis 6, Mo. 

700 Wedgewood Ave., Nashville 4, Tenn. 

2244 Elston Ave., Chicago 14, 111. 

11104 NW. Front Ave., Portland 10, Oreg. 

600 W. 52d St., Chicago 9, 111. 

12800 E. Imperial Hwy., Santa Fe Springs, Calif. 

Gateway Center, Pittsburgh 30, Pa. 

Route 110, Monroe, Conn. 

270 Park Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 

Haddon Ave. and White Horse Pike, Camden 3, N.J. 

Marshfield, Wis. 

636 California St., San Francisco 8, Calif. 

100 Foster St., Worcester 8, Mass. 

576 Lawrence St., Lowell, Mass. 

62 Alford St., Boston 29, Mass. 

P.O. Box 506, Charlotte, N.C. 

108 Provost St., Brooklyn 22, N.Y. 

4221 S. Western Ave., Chicago 9, 111. 

122 E. 42d St., New York 17, N.Y. 
550 5th Ave., New York 36, N.Y. 
2 Wood St., Paterson 6, N.J. 
217 Front St., Burlington, Iowa. 
108 Spring St., Everett 49, Mass. 
Park PI. E., Wood Ridge, N.J. 
179 Sunnyside Ave., Woonsocket, R.I. 
1609 Biddle Ave., Wyandotte, Mich. 

2211 Peninsula Dr., Erie, Pa. 
2731 Boston St., Baltimore 24, Md. 



APPENDIXES 

A. U.S. Imports of Coal-Tar Intermediates 
and Finished Coal-Tar Products 

Table 24 summarizes, for the period 1958-60, U.S. imports of coal-tar products dutiable 
under paragraphs 27 and 28 of the Tariff Act of 1930. The data, which were obtained by analyzing 
invoices covering innports through all U.S. customs districts, are given in detail in a separate 
report of the Tariff Commission."'' 

In I960, general imports of coal-tar chemicals entered under paragraph 27 totaled 19.8 
million pounds, with a foreign invoice value of $11. 5 million, con-ipared with imports of 28.8 
million pounds, valued at $14.0 million, in 1959. Most of the coal-tar chemicals imported in I960 
were declared to be connpetitive (duty based on "Annerican selling price"). In terms of quantity, 
about 40 percent of the total imports of these products in 1960 came from West Germany; imports 
from that country amounted to 7.6 million pounds, compared with 10.8 million pounds in 1959. 
Imports from France in 1960 amounted to 2. 5 million pounds, compared with 2. 7 million pounds 
in 1959. Imports from the United Kingdom totaled 2.0 nnillion pounds in I960, compared with 2.4 
million pounds in 1959. In I960 sizable quantities of products that are dutiable under paragraph 27 
were also imported from Italy (1, 287, 000 pounds), Switzerland (1, 135, 000 pounds), Japan (876, 000 
pounds), the Netherlands (610, 000 pounds), Belgium (478, 000 pounds), Spain (364, 000 pounds), 
Denmark (220, 000 pounds), and Sweden (95, 000 pounds). Smaller quantities came from Austria 
(44, 000 pounds) and Norway (11, 000 pounds). 

TABLE 24. — Coal-tar intermediates and finished coal-tar products: U.S. general imports, classified by use, 

1958-60 



Cjjantlty 



Foreign 
invoice 
value 



Foreign 
invoice 
value 



Quantity 



Foreign 
invoice 
value 



Intermediates •'- 



Finished coal-tar products, total — 

Dyes, total 

Acid 

Azoic compositions 

Basic 

Direct 

Disperse 

Fiber-reactive 

Fluorescent brightening agents- 
Ingrain 

Mordant 

Solvent 

Sulfur 

Vat 

All other 

Synthetic organic pigments 

(toners and lakes) 

Medicinals and pharmaceuticals 

Flavor and perfume materials 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 

7,092 



1,000 
dollars 
10,65-4 

15,78i 



1,000 
pounds 
28, 8i2 

11,259 



1,000 
dollars 
14,033 



21,901 



1,000 
pounds 
19,806 

12,299 



3,4^0 

342 
716 

59 
220 
289 

48 
175 

23 

18 
575 



209 
1,550 

391 
1,502 



6,467 

1,833 

45 

666 

1,576 

131 

631 

293 

118 

252 

74 

17 



286 
7,185 

610 
1,236 



4,251 
1,117 

24 
462 
917 

94 
170 
280 

64 
169 

32 

20 
888 

14 

202 
2,305 

559 
3,942 



7,867 

2,391 

48 

777 

1,921 

215 

494 

416 

154 

312 

104 

15 

987 

33 

401 

10,676 

865 

2,092 



4,053 

1,135 

11 

379 

769 

124 

265 

296 

6 

194 

28 

11 

809 

26 

203 
2,106 

749 
5,188 



1,000 
dollars 

11,491 

22,209 



7,619 

2,471 

20 

599 

1,692 

312 

735 

454 

20 

335 

82 

8 

874 

17 

562 

10,350 

1,226 

2,452 



Includes small quantities of organic pesticides and agricultural chemicals, rubber-processing chemicals, and 
surface-active agents. 

Source: Compiled from the records of the U.S. Bureau of Customs. 



U.S. Tariff Commission, Imports of Coal-Tar Products, 19eO, 1961 [processed]. 



207 



208 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 

The most important individual intermediates imported in 1960 were phthalic anhydride, 
ethylbenzene, acetoacetanilide, cyclohexanone oxime, Bisphenol A, and gamma acid. In I960, 
imports of phthalic anhydride, which totaled 4. 8 million pounds, came principally from West 
Germany, France, and Italy; imports of ethylbenzene, which amounted to 2. 2 million pounds, 
came from Canada. Imports of acetoacetanilide, which came from the United Kingdom, West 
Germany, and Switzerland, totaled 791,000 pounds in I960, and imports of cyclohexanone oxime, 
which came from Japan, amounted to 400,000 pounds. Imports of Bisphenol A, which canae from 
West Germany and Canada, totaled 388, 000 pounds. Imports of gamma acid, which totaled 
326, 000 pounds, came from West Germany, Italy, France, the Netherlands, and Japan. Among 
the other important individual chemicals imported, anthraquinone came from France, the United 
Kingdom, and Japan; refined naphthalene came from Belgium, the Netherlands, West Germany, 
Switzerland, and Canada; and 2,4, 5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid came from West Germany. West 
Germany was also the source of all the imports of phenyl isocyanate and I -naphthol; France, of 
all the hydroxycinnamic acid, sodium salt; and Canada, of all the phthalic acid, diisodecyl and 
dioctyl esters. 

Imports in I960 of all finished coal-tar products that are dutiable under paragraph 28 cona- 
prised 1, 770 items, with a total weight of I 2. 3 /million pounds and a foreign invoice value of 
$22. 2 million. In 1959, imports consisted of 1 , 968 items, with a total weight of 11.3 million 
pounds and a foreign invoice value of $21.9 million. In 1958, imports consisted of 1,636 items, 
with a total weight of 7. I million pounds and a foreign invoice value of $15. 8 million. In I960, 
as in 1958 and 1959, medicinals and pharmaceuticals were the most important group of finished 
coal-tar products imported. Imports of medicinals and pharmaceuticals in I960 amounted to 
$10.4 million (foreign invoice value), or 47 percent of the value of all imports under paragraph 
28. In 1959, imports of medicinals and pharmaceuticals amounted to $10. 7 million (foreign in- 
voice value), or 49 percent of the value of all imports under paragraph 28. 

Imports of coal-tar dyes, the next most important group of products entered under para- 
graph 28 in I960, were 3 percent smaller in that year than in 1959 and 18 percent larger than 
in 1958. In I960, imports of dyes (excluding synthetic organic pigments) were valued at $7.6 
million (foreign invoice value), or 34 percent of total imports under paragraph 28. In 1959, im- 
ports of dyes (excluding synthetic organic pigments) were valued at $7.9 million, or 36 percent 
of total imports under paragraph 28. In I960, imports of synthetic organic pigments (toners and 
lakes) were valued at $561, 000, compared with $401, 000 in 1959. Imports of flavor and perfume 
materials in 1960 ($1, 226, 000) were 42 percent greater than those in 1959 ($865, 000). In I960, 
imports of other coal-tar products entered under paragraph 28 (chiefly synthetic resins), valued 
at $2. 5 million, were 17 percent greater than those in 1959. 



APPENDIX B 



209 



B . Research Workers and Research Expenditures in the 
Synthetic Organic Chemical Industry 

Because the synthetic organic chemical industry has evidenced considerable interest in sta- 
tistics on chemical research, the Tariff Commission for a number of years has collected and 
published statistics on the number of technically trained research workers in the industry, their 
salaries, and the cost of research (see table 25). Such information is not available elsewhere. 
Many of the companies that produce synthetic organic chemicals also manufacture other prod- 
ucts, and the cost of research applicable to synthetic organic chemicals must therefore be allo- 
cated; in some instances the allocation is somewhat arbitrary. Moreover, since not all conn- 
panies report their research activities to the Tariff Commission, the data given in table 25 are 
only about 80 percent complete. Notwithstanding these limitations, the statistics do indicate 
general trends in the amount of research conducted in the field of synthetic organic chemicals. 

In I960, 449 companies reported research activities on synthetic organic chemicals. The 
number of technically trained research workers reported for I960 was 17, 664, compared with 
the 15, 585 reported for 1959. The average salary paid in I960 was $10, 371, compared with 
$9, 136 in 1959. Total salaries paid research workers in I960 amounted to $183 million, com- 
pared with $142 million in 1959. In I960 the gross cost of research was $413 million--$50 
million more than in 1959. Research conducted for the industry outside the facilities of the re- 
porting companies--a cost not included in the gross cost given above --amounted to $23 million, 
or about $5 million more than in 1959. This figure, however, probably does not represent all 
research projects conducted for the reporting companies in universities and private laboratories, 
or all consulting services. 



TABLE 25. — Synthetic organic chemical industry: Number of research workers, salaries paid research workers, 

and cost of research, 1956-60 



Companies 
reporting 



Technically 
trained 
research 
workers'^ 



Salaries 

paid 
research 
workers 



Total reported cost of research 



Within the plant 



Outside 

the 

plant 



1956- 
1957- 
1958- 
1959- 
1960- 



-^09 
441 

471 
449 



15,498 
14,852 
14,242 
15,585 
17,664 



1.000 
dollars 
117, 186 
133,005 
124,151 
142,389 
183, 192 



1,000 
dollars 
313, «0 
309,716 
313,315 
362,971 
412,507 



1,000 
dollars 
308, 376 
305,748 
309,070 
355,825 
405,623 



1,000 
dollars 



12,566 
16,687 
13,839 
18,261 
22,897 



For the years 1956-57 a technically trained research worker was defined as a person with technical training en- 
gaged In research work and earning not less than $4,500 per year; for 1958-60 a research worker was defined as such 
a person earning not less than $5,000 per year. 

The net-cost figure Is obtained by deducting from gross cost the credits for salable products obtained In the 
course of research. 



C . Glossary of Synonymous Names of Cyclic Intermediates 

Many cyclic intermediates are known in the chemical industry and trade by a variety of 
names. Individuals in the industry and trade frequently are not acquainted with all the synonymous 
names for a given product. To bring together the synonymous names for each product, the tables on 
intermediates in this report (table 7A in pt. II and table 7B in pt. Ill) show the standard name, in 
accordance with the system used hy Chemical Abstracts; the standard name is frequently followed by the 
most common synonymous name in parentheses. 

In this report, as in previous reports in this series, the Tariff Commission has included a 
glossary of synonymous names of cyclic intermediates. This glossary, which was originally com- 
piled at the suggestion of the Industry Advisory Committee on Government Reports, is intended to 
serve principally as an index to the standard names used in the statistical tables on intermediates. 
The first column of the glossary lists alphabetically the common, or trivial, names usually en- 
countered in the trade. The second column gives the corresponding standard (Chemical Abstracts) 
names, under which the data are presented in tables 7A and 7B. 



210 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 
Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names 



Coimnon name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



Ac edl Enthrone 

1,2-Acenaphthenedione 

'4-Acetamido-2-aminophenol hydrochloride 

p-Acetamidobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

5-Acetamido-2-hydroxybenzoic acid 

l-Acetamido-2-methoxynaphthalene 

l-Acetamido-2-naphthol 

l-Acetamido-7-naphthol 

2-Aoetamido-4-nitrophenol 

5-Acetamido-orthanilic acid 

Acetanillde-p-sulfonic acid 

Acetanilid sulfon chloride 

Acetate leuco violet 

p-Acetoacetchloranilide 

Acetoacet-o-chloroanilide 

o-Acetoacetochloroanilide 

Acetoaoeto-1-naphthylamide 

N-Acetoaceto-1-naphthylamine 

m-Acetoaoetoxylidide 

Acetoacet-o-toluidide 

Acetoacet-o-toluidine 

Acetoacetyl-o-anisidlne 

Acetoacetyl benzidine 

Acetyl-p-amlno-o-aminophenol hydrochloride 

l-Acetyl-3-(4— amino-m-aniByl)urea 

Acetylamlno Cleve's acid 

N-Acetyl-l-amino-8-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid 

Acetyl-o-anisidine 

Acetyl-p-anisidine 

Acetyldiaminoanthraquinone 

Acetyl-2,'1— diaminophenol hydrochloride 

Acetyl H acid 

Acetyl-ljA-naphthalenediamine-eCand 7) -sulfonic acids 

Acetyl -p-nitro-o-aminophenol 

Acetyl-m-phenylenediamine 

Acetyl-p-phenylenediamine 

Acetyl-p-phenylenediamlne sulfate 

N*-Acetyl-N-'--2-pyrimidinylsulfanilamide 

Acetylsulfadiazine 

Aoetylsulf amerazine 

Acetylsulf amethazine 

N-"-- Aoetylsulf anilamide 

N* -Acetylsulf anilamide 

2- (N'* -Acetylsulf anilamido)thiazole 

Acetylsulfathiazole 

N*-Acetyl-2-sulfo-p-phenylenediamine 

N-Aoetyl-o-toluidine 

1,2,<^-Acid 

Ami chin 

m-Aminoaoetanilide 

p-Aminoacetanilide 

p-Aminoacetanilide sulfate 

m-Aminoacetophenone 

6-(p-Aminoanilino)metanilic acid 

p-Aminoazobenzene 

Aminoazobenzene disulfo acid 

Aminoazobenzene-3,<i--disulfonic acid 

p-Aminoazobenzene hydrochloride 

Aminoazobenzene-m-sulfonic acid 

Aminoazobenzene-p-sulf onic acid 

o-Aminoazotoluene 

o-Aminoazotoluene sulfate 

•4-Aminoazotoluene-'i-sulfonic acid and salt 

o-Aminoazotoluenesulfonic acid and salt 



Aoeanthra [ 2, 1-a] aceanthrylene-5 , 13-dione . 
Acenaphthenequinone . 

3 '-Amino-'i '-hydroxyacetanilide hydrochloride . 
N-Acetylsulfanilyl chloride. 
5-Acetamidosalicylic acid. 

N- (2-Methoxy-l-naphthyl ) acet amide . 
N- ( 2-Hydroxy- 1-naphthyl ) acet amide . 
N- ( 7-Hydroxy- 1-naphthyl ) acet amide . 
2 -Hydroxy-5 -nitroacetanilide. 
5-Acetamido-2-aminobeii2enesulfonic acid. 
N-Acetylsulfanilic acid. 
N-Aoetylsulfanilyl chloride. 
l,'4-Diamino-2,3-diliydroanthraquinone. 
4- '-Chloroacetoacetanilide . 
2 ' -Chloroacetoacetanilide . 
2'-Chloroacetoacetanilide. 
N-1-Naphthylacetoacetamide. 
N-1-Naphthylacetoacet amide. 

2 ,<+ -Acetoacetoxylidide . 
o-Acetoacetotoluidide . 
o-Acetoacetotoluidide . 
o-Acetoaoetanisidide . 

4 ,A -Biacetoacetanilide. 

3 ' -Amino-'i ' -hydroxyac etanilide hydrochloride . 

l-Acetyl-3-(<i-amino-3-methoxyphenyl)urea. 

8-Acetamldo-5-amlno-2(and 3)-naphthalenesulfonlc acid., 

8-Acetamido-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 

o-Acetanisidide. 

p-Acetanisidide . 

l,5(or l,8)-Diacetamidoanthraquinone. 

3 -Amino-4-' -hydroxyacetanilide hydrochloride. 
8-Acetamido-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
8-Acetamido-5-amino-2(and 3 ) -naphthalenesulf onic acid. 
2' -Hydroxy-5 ' -nitroacet ani lide . 
3'-Aminoacetanilide. 

■i'-Aminoacetanilide. 

p-Aminoacetanilide sulfate. 

4'.(2-Pyriiid.dinylsulfamoyl)acetanilide. 

4'-(2-Pyrimidlnylsulfamoyl) acetanilide. 

4'-(<+-Methyl-2-pyrimidinylsulf amoyl)acetanilide. 

4 -(A, 6-Dimethyl-2-pyrimidinylsu If amoyl) acetanilide. 

N-Sulf anllylacetamide . 

■4'-Sulf amoylacetanilide. 

4' -(2-Thiazolylsulfamoyl) acetanilide. 

4 ' - ( 2-Thiazolylsulf amoyl ) acetanilide . 

5-Acetamido-2-aminobenzenesulfonic acid. 

o-Acetotoluidide. 

l-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulf onic acid . 

8-Amino-6-methoxyquinoline . 

3 '-Aminoacetanilide . 

4 ' - Aminoacet ani lide . 

4' -Aminoacetanilide sulfate. 

3 ' -Amingaoetophenone . 

5-Amino-2-(p-aminoanilino)benzenesulfonic acid. 

p-Phenylazoaniline . 

6-Amino-3,4'-azodl[benzenesulfonic acid] . 

6-Amlno-3,4'-azodl[benzenesulfoniG acid] . 

p-Phenylazoaniline hydrochloride. 

m- (p- Aminophenylazo )benzenesulf onic acid . 

p-(p-Aminophenylaz;o)benzenesulfonic acid. 

4- ( o-Tolylazo ) -o-toluidine [NHj =1] • 

4- ( o-Tolylazo ) -o-toluidine sulfate . 

4-(4-Amino-m-tolylazo)-m-toluenesulfonic acid and 

salt. 
4-(4-Amino-m-tolylazo)-m-toluenesulfonic acid and 

salt. 



APPENDIX C 



211 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names --Continued 



Common name 



Aminoazoxylenetoluidine 

p-Aminobenzenearsonic acid 

3-Amlnobenzenesulfonanilide 

<i-Aminobenzenesulfonanilide 

m-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid 

p-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid 

o-Aminobenzoic acid 

m-Aminobenzoyl I(or J) acid 

p-Aminobenzoyl I(or J) acid 

p-Aminobenzoyl-m-phenylenediamlne 

o-Aminobiphenyl 

2-Aminobiphenyl 

A - Aminobipheny 1 

l-Amino-'»-brQmoanthraquinone-2,5-disulfonic acid 

l-Amino-2-bromo-"i-(p-toluidine)anthraquinone 

3-Amino-N-butyl-p-anisolesulfonajnide 

p-Amino-N-(n-butyl)phenol 

2-Amino-<i -chloroacetanilide 

5-Amlno-2-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

5-Aiiiino-3-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

S-Amino-A-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

2-Amino-4.-chlorobenzoic acid 

3-Amino-6-chlorobenzoio acid 

Aminochlorodiphenyl 

Aminochlorodiphenyl ether 

Aminochlorodiphenyl ether 

2-Amino-3-chlorotoluene [ CH3=l] 

2-Amino-<i-chlorotoluene [CH3=l] 

2-Amino-5-chlorotoluene [ CH3=l] 

2-Amino-6-chlorotoluene [CH3=l] 

2-Amino-5-chlorotoluene hydrochloride 

m-Amino-p-cresol [CH3=l] 

3-Amino-p-cresol methyl ether [CH3=l] 

3-Amino-p-cresyl methyl ether 

omega- Amino-psi-cumene 

u-Amino-i/'-cumene 

Aminodichlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

2-Amino-l,A-diethoxybenzene 

2-Amino-5-dlethylaminotoluene hydrochloride 

p-Aminoethylaniline 

A-Amino-l,3-dihydroxyanthraquinone 

2-Amino-l,'i-dimethoxybenzene 

p-Aminodimethylaniline 

p-Aminodimethylaniline sulfate 

2-Amino-<i,6-dinitrophenol and salt 

o-Aminodiphenyl 

p-Aminodiphenyl 

p-Aminodiphenylamine 

4-Amlnodiphenylamine-2-sulfonic acid 

Aminodiphenyl ether 

A-Aminoethoxyethylaniline 

Amino G acid 

2-Amino-'i-hydroxybenzenearsonic acid 

Amino I(or J) acid 

p-Amino-N-isobutylphenol 

'i-Amino-2-methylanisole [CHsO^l] 

4 -Amino--;' - ( 3-methy 1-5-pyrazolone ) -2 , 2' -stllbenedi - 
sulfonic acid. 

A-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

2-Aminonaphthalene-3,6,8-trisulfonic acid- 

8-Amino-l-naphthoic lactam 

l-Amino-7-naphthol 

l-Amino-8-naphthol-2,'i-disulfonlc acid 

l-Amlno-8-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid 

l-Amino-8-naphthol-A,6-disulfonic acid 

2-Amino-8-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid 

';-Amino-5-naphthol-l,3-disulfonic acid 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



A-(2,'i-Xylylazo)-o-toluidine [NH2=1]. 

Arsanilic acid [As03H2=l]. 

Metanilanilide . 

Sulf anilanilide . 

Metanilic acid [ SO3H = 1] . 

Sulfanllic acid [S03H=lJ. 

Anthranilic acid [COOH=l]. 

6- (m-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 

6-(p-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-suLfonic acid. 

2,^,A -Tri aminobenzophenone . 

2-Biphenylamine . 

2-Biphenylamine . 

■i-Biphenylamine . 

5-Amino-8-bromo-l,6-anthraquinonedisulfonic acid. 

l-Amino-2-brcmo-4- (p-toluldino) anthraquinone . 

N-'--Butyl-4-methoxymetanilamide [S02NH2=lj. 

p-Butylamlnophenol . 

•4 -Chloroglycinanilide. 

6-Chlorometanilic acid [S03H=lJ. 

5-Chlorometanilic acid [S03H=lJ. 

4-Chlorometanilic acid [S03H=1]. 

<i-Chloroanthranllic acid [C00H=1 ]. 

5-Amino-2-chlorobenzoic acid. 

Chloro-2-(or 3, or 4)-biphenylamine. 

5-Chloro-2-phenoxyaniline . 

p- (p-Chlorophenoxy ) aniline 

6-Chloro-o-toluldine [NH2=ll. 

5-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=l]. 

4-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=l]. 

3-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=l]. 

4-Chloro-o-toluidine hydrochloride . 

2-Amino-p-cresol [ OH=l] . 

5-Methyl-o-anisidine [NH2=1]. 

5-Methyl-o-anisidine [NH2=1] • 

2,4-Dimethylbenzylamlne . 

2,4-Dimethylbenzylamine . 

2,5-Dichlorosulf anilic acid. 

2, 5-Diethoxy aniline . 

N' ,N^-Diethyltoluene-2,5-diamine hydrochloride. 

N, N-Diethyl-p-phenylenediamine . 

4-Ami noxanthopurpurin . 

2, 5-Dimethoxy aniline . 

N, N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine . 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine sulfate. 

Picramic acid and salt. 

2-Biphenylamine . 

4-Biphenylamine . 

N-Phenyl-p-phenylenediamine . 

5-Amino-2-anilinobenzenesuLfonic acid. 

p -Phenoxyani line . 

2- (p-Amino-N-ethylanilino)ethanol. 

7-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

4-Hydroxy-o-arsanilic acid [As03H2=l]. 

6-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

( p- Isobutyla mino )phenol . 

3-Methyl-p-anisidine [ NH2=l]. 

4'-Amino-4'-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyTazolin-l-yl)-2,2' 

stilbenedi sulfonic acid. 
NaphtMonic acid. 

7-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid. 
Naphthostyril. 
8-Amino-2-naphthol . 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-dieulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,5-disulfonic acid. 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonlc acid. 



212 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous nam«s^-Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



<4-Amino-5-naphthol-l,7-disulfonic acid 

5-Ainino-4--naphthol-2,7-disxafonic acid 

6-Aniino-<V-naphthol-2,7-dlsulfonic acid 

l-Amino-8-naphthol-4--sulfonic acid 

2-ABino-5-naphthol-7-sulfonic acid 

2-Amino-6-naphthol-8-sulfonic acid 

2-Aiiiino-8-naphthol-6-sulfonic acid 

4--Amino-3-naphthol-l -sulfonic acid 

A-Amino-5-naphthol-l-sulfonic acid 

6-Amino-'i-naphthol-2-sulfonic acid 

7-Amino-3-naphthol-l-sulfonic acid 

7-Amino-'i-naphthol-2 -sulfonic acid 

2-Jimino-i-nitroanistle [CH3O =l] 

2-Amino-5-nitroanisole 

2-Amino-6-nitroanlsole 

4-Amino-3-nitroanisole 

/;-Aiiiino-'+-nitrodiphenylamine-2-sulfonic acid 

2-Amino-<;-nitro-l_-phenol-6-sulfonic acid 

2-Aminophenetole [C2H50=l] 

Aminophenol sulf amide 

o-Aminophenol-p-sulfonamide 

o-Aminophenol-p-sulfonic acid 

m-Amlnophenylcarboxypyrazolone 

l-(m-Amlnophenyl)-3-methyl-5-pyTazolone 

Aminophenylphenyl ether 

m-Aminophenylpyrazolonecarboxylic acid 

l-(m-Aminophenyl)-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid — 

p-Aminophenyl-p-tolylaminesulfonic acid 

2-Mino-'i(3H)-pyrimidone 

Amino R acid 

5-Aminosaligenin-2-methyl ether 

6-Amino-3- (p-toluenesulf one ) amino-'i-methoxytoluene- 

3'-Amino-(p-toluenesulfone)ethoxytoluene 

2-Aminotoluene-5-sulfonic acid 

N-('i-Amino-m-tolyl)-p-quinone imine 

(i,-Amino-l,2,'+-trlmethylbenzene 

Aminoviolanthrene 

Amylnaphthalenes 

o-Amylphenol 

p-sec-Amylphenol 

p-tert-Amylphenol 

Aniline-2,A-disulfonic acid 

Aniline-2,5-disulfonic acid 

Aniline oil 

Aniline salt 

Aniltne-m-sulfonic acid 

Aniline-p-sulfonic acid 

Aniline-omega-sulfonlc acid 

^-Anilino-A'-hydroxydiphenylamine 

6-Anllinometanilic acid 

2-Aniside-4-acetylurea 

o-Anisidlne nitrate 

2-Anisidine-'4-sulfobutylamide 

o-Anisidine-p-sulfonic acid 

2-(m-Anisyl)-<i-chloroanthranilic acid 

N-Cp-Anisylj-A-chloroanthranilic acid 

N- (m-Anisyl) -4-chloroanthranilic acid 

(x-(p-Anlsyl)-t»-ethyl-p-methoxyacetophenone 

a-(p-Anisyl)-p-methoxyacetophenone 

N-(p-Anisyl)-<i-nitroanthranilic acid 

■ N-(p-Anisyl)-p-phenylenediamine 

1,2-Anthrapyridine 

Anthraquinonylaminoanthraquinone 

l,<i,9,10-Anthratetrol 



8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,5-disulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
8-Amlno-l-naphthol-5-sulfonic acid. 
6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
6-Amino-2-naphthol-4--sulfonic acid. 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
l-Amino-2-naphthol-<4-sulfonic acid. 
8 -Amino -1-naphthol -5 -sulfonic acid. 
7-Amlno-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
6-Ainino-2-naphthol-A-sulfonic acid. 
6 -Amino -1 -naphthol -3 -sulf oni c ac id . 
S-Nitro-o-anisidine [NH2=1]' 
<;-Nitro-o-anlsidine [NH2=i]. 
3-Nitro-o-anisidine [NHj^iJ. 
2-Nitro-p-anisidine [nHj"!!- 

2-(p-Aminoanilino) -5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 
6-Amino-<4-nitro-l -phenol -2-sulfonic acid. 
o-Phenetidine [ NH2=l] . 
2-Amino-l-phenol-4- sulfonamide . 
2-Amlno-l-phenol-4-sulf onamide . 
2-Amino-l-phenol-'i— sulfonic acid. 
l-(m-Aminophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 

acid. 
l-(m-Aminophenyl)-3-methyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one. 
p-Phenoxyaniline . 
l-(m-Aminophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 

acid. 
l-(m-Aminophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 

acid. 
5-Amino-2-(p-toluidino)benzenesulfonic acid. 
Isocytosine. 

3-Amino-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
5-Amino-2-methoxybenzyl alcohol. 
4-'-Amino-5'-methyl-p-toluenesulfon-o-anisidide. 
3-Methyl-N-(p-toluenesulfono)-p-phenetidine. 
4-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1]. 
N- (4- Amino-m-tolyl ) -p-benzoquinone imine . 
2,'i-Dimethylbenzylamine . 
16-Aminoviolanthrone . 
Pentylnaphthalenes . 
o-Pentylphenol . 
p- ( 1-Methylbutyl )phenol . 
p- ( 1 , 1-Dimethylpropyl )phenol . 
4-Amlno-m-benzenedisulfonic acid. 
2-Amino-p-benzenedlsulfonic acid. 
Aniline. 

Aniline hydrochloride. 
Metanilic acid [ SOsHn] . 
Sulfanilic acid [S03H=l]. 
Anllinomethanesulfonic acid, 
p- (p-Anlllnoanilino )phenol . 
5-Amino-2-anilinobenzenesulfonic acid. 
1 - Ac e tyl -3 - ( 4- - amino -3 -me thoxyphenyl ) ure a . 
A-{or 5)-Nitro-o-anisidine [NH2=1]' 
N-"- -Butyl-4-methoxymetanilamlde . 
A-Methoxymetanilic acid [S03H=l]. 

4-Chloro-N-(m-methoxyphenyl)anthranilic acid [C00H=11 . 
4-Chloro-N-(p-methoxyphenyl)anthranilic acid [C00H=1J. 
4-Chioro-N-(m-methoxyphenyl)anthranilic acid [C00H=1] 
2-Ethyl-4-' -methoxy-2- (p-methoxyphenyl)acetophenone. 
4' -Methoxy-2- (p-methoxyphenyl ) acetophenone . 
N- (p-Methoxyphenyl) -A-nitroanthranilic acid . 
N- (p-Methoxyphenyl ) -p-phenylenedi amine . 
Naphtho [2,3-h] quinoline . 
l,l'-Iminodianthraquinone. 
Leucoquinizarin . 



APPENDIX C 



213 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Cammcai name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



A-Antipyrlnecarboxylic acid 

p,p'-Azobls(N,^-dimethylanlllne hydrochloride) 

4,4-'-Azobisdlphenylamlne 

Azohydroxy aniline 

Azoxy aniline 

m,m'-Azoxybisanlline 

Benzal chloride 

Benzaldehydedlsulfonlc acid 

Benzaldehydemonosulfonic acid 

1- (4- Benzamldo-1-anthraqulnony limine )-5-benzainldo- 

anthraqulnone . 
2- [3- (4-Benzamldo-2, 5-diethoxyphenyl) -1-methyldiazo 

amino]ethanesulfonic acid. 
N- (•4-Benzamldo-2, 5-dlethoxyphenyl) -N-methyldlazo- 

taurine. 
3- (4-Benzamido-2, 5-dlethoxyphenyl) -3-su If oethyl-1- 

methy It rl az ene . 
[ 3-(A-Benzamido-6-methoxy-m-tolyl)-3,-methyldlazo- 

amlno] acetic acid. 
[ 3- (4-Benzamldo-6-methoxy-m-tolyl )-N-methyldiazo ]- 

glycine. 

Benzanthrone 

Benzanthronedianthraqulnonyldllmide 

Benzene azobenzene 

Benzene- 1,3-dicarboxylic acid 

p-Benzenedlcarboxyllc acid 

1,3,5-Benzenetriol 

Benzidine disulfonic acid 

2,2 '-Benzidinedisulf onic acid 

Benzidine sulfonic acid 

Benz[cd]indol-2(lH)-one 

Benzocaine (nonmedicinal grade) 

2-Benzofurylcyanomethyl ketone 

2H-l-Benzopyran-2-one 

1,2-Benzopyrone 

Benzotri chloride 

Benzoylaeetanllide 

a-Benzoylacetanilide 

l-Benzoylamino-4-aminoanthraqulnone 

2-BenZoylamino-l, A-diethoxybenzene 

2-Benzoylamino-l,'i-dimethoxybenzene 

5-Benzoylamino-2-nitrodimethoxybenzene 

5-Benzoylamino-2-nitrohydroquinone, diethyl ester — 

Benzoyl J acid 

2-Benzoylthiophene •_ 

(X-Benzylacetamide 

m-Benzyl-p-aminophenol hydrochloride 

Benzyl chloride 

o-Benzyl-p-chlorophenol 

Benzyl cyanide 

N-Benzyl-ethylanlline 

N-Benzyl-N-ethyl-p-nitrosoaniline 

3-Benzyl-7-hydroxy-A-methylcoumarln 

Benzylidineacetophenone 

'i-Benzylidineamlnoantipyrlne 

Benzyl mercaptan 

p - Benzylpheny Ic arbamate 

p,p -Biacetoacetanilide 

Bibenzal 

Bibenzoyl 

Bibenzylidene 

o-Blphenylamlne 

Biphenylene oxide 

p,p'-Bis(acetoacetanlllde) 



Antipyric acid. 

p-Dlmethylaminobenzenediazonium chloride. 
p-Anllinobenzenedlazonlum chloride, 
p- (p-Aminophenylazo )phenol . 
3,3' - Azoxydl anl line . 
3,3' -Azoxydlani line. 



a,a-Dlchlorotoluene . 
/i-Formyl-m-benzenedisulf onic acid . 
o-Formylbenzenesulfonlc acid. 
4-, 5 -Dibenzamido-l,] -iminodianthraqulnone. 

2-[3-(4.-Benzamldo-2,5-diethoxyphenyl)-l-methyl- 

triazen-3-yl]ethanesulfonic acid. 
2- [3- ('i-Benzamido-2, 5-dlethoxyphenyl ) -1-methyl- 

triazen-3-yl]ethanesulfonic acid. 
2- [3- (■4-Benzamldo-2, 5-dlethoxyphenyl )-l-methyl- 

trlazen-3-yl] ethanesulf onic acid. 
[3-(4-Benzamido-6-methoxy-m-tolyl)-l-methyltriazen- 

3-yl] acetic acid. 
[3-('+-Benzamido-6-methoxy-m-tolyl)-l-methyltriazen- 

3-yl] acetic acid. 
7H-Benz [de] anthracen-7-one . 
3,9-Bis [1-anthraquinonylamino] -7H-benz [de] anthracen- 

7-one . 
Azobenzene . 
Isophthalic acid. 
Terephthalic acid. 
Phloroglucinol . 

'i,4^-Diamino-2,2^-blphenyldl8Hlfonlc acid. 
4^,'4^-Diamino-2,2 -biphenyldisulfonic acid. 
'i,4- -Diamlno-3-biphenylsulfonlc acid. 
Naphthostyril. 

p-Amlnobenzolc acid, ethyl ester. 
2-Benzofuranacetonltrile . 
Coumarin. 
Coumarin. 

a, a, a -Trichlorotoluene. 
2-Benzoylacetanilide. 
2 -Benzoy lacet ani lide . 
l-Amino-A-benzamidoanthraquinone . 
2 ',5 '-Dlethoxybenzanillde. 
2 ',5 '-Dlmethoxybenzanilide. 
2 ',5 '-Dimethoxy-<i '-nitrobenzanilide . 
2 ', 5 '-Diethoxy-4 '-nltrobenzanillde . 
6-Benzamido-l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid . 
Phenyl-2-thlenyl ketone. 
Hydrocinnamamide . 

"i-Amino- a-phenyl-m-cresol hydrochloride. 
a-Chlorotoluene . 

4-Chloro-a-phenyl-o-cresol [ OH=l] . 
Phenylacetonitrile . 
N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamine . 
N-Ethyl-N-(p-nltrosophenyl1benzylamine. 
3-Benzyl-4.-methylumbellif erone . 
Chaloone . 

A-Benzylidenelminoantipyrine . 
(x-Toluenethlol . 
a-Phenyl-p-cresol carbamate. 
■4 ' , 4 " '-Biacetoacetani lide . 
Stilbene. 
Benzil. 
Stilbene. 
2-Biphenylamine . 
Dlbenzofuran. 
4 ',4. " '-Biacetoacetanilide . 



214 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 
Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names- -Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



N,N'-Bis(acetoacetyl)benzidine 

l,3-Bis(-4-blphenyl)-2-thlourea 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl) aniline 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl-m-toluidine) 

2,2'-Bis('4-hydroxyphenyl)propane 

N,N'-Bis-6-(l-naphthol-3-sulfonio acid )urea 

Bisphenol A 

Bisphenol B 

Bisphenol C 

Bisphenol G 

SjS'-Bitolylene-^-j'i'-diisocyanate 

B.O.N 

Broenner's acid 

Bromamine acid 

p-Bromoacetamidoanthraquinone 

Bromobenzanthrone 

2-Bromobiphenylene oxide 

p-Bromomethylaminoanthraquinone 

<4-Bromo-N-methyl-l,9-anthrapyridone 

a-Bromo-p-nit roacetophenone 

Bromoquinizarin 

o-(3-Bromo-p-tolyl)benzoic acid 

6-tert-Butyl-2,4— dlmethylacetophenone 

n-Butyl-p-nitrobenzoate 

p-Carboxybenzenesulfonamide 

3-Carboxy-4-hydroxyacetanilide 

3- (Carboxymethyl ) -1- ( 5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl ) -3- 

methyltriazene . 

(o-Carboxyphenyl) acetic acid 

Cassella acid 

Chicago acid 

Chlorinated cresols 

2-Chloro-3-acetamino-9, lO-anthrahydroquinone acid 

ester. 

2-Chloro-3-acetaminoanthraquinone 

2-Chloro-3-acetamino-9, lO-dihydroxyanthracene-9, 10- 

disulfonic acid ester. 

o-Chloroacetoacetanilide 

Chloroacetylarsanilic acid 

5-Chloro-2-aminoanisole [CH30=l] 

'i-Chloro-2-amino-6-benzenesulfonic acid 

6-Chloro-3-aminobenzotrifluoride 

Chloroaminophenol 

2-Chloro-<i-aminotoluene [CH3=1] 

3-Chloro-2-amlnotoluene [CH3=1] — 

5-Chloro-2-aminotoluene [ CH3=1] 

m-Chloroaniline-o-sulfonic acid 

p-Chloroaniline-m-sulfonic acid 

p-Chloroaniline-o-sulfonic acid 

<;-Chloro-o-anisidine [ CH30=1] 

5-Chloro-o-anisidine [ CH30=1] 

3-Ghloro-2-anthracenecarboxylic acid 

2-Chloroanthraquinone-3-oarboxylic acid 

Chloroare'acetin 

2-Chlorobenzaldehyde-5 -sulfonic acid • 

'i-Chlorobenzaldehyde-2-sulfonic acid 

l-Chloro-5-benzainideanthraquinone 

Chlorobenzanthrone 

"i-Chlorobenzotrifluoride 

Chlorobenzyl cyanide 

l-Chloro-2-caxboxyaiithraquinone 

p-Chloro-m-cresol [ CH3=1] 

2-Chloro-l,4--dihydroxyanthraquinone 

Chloro H acid - --- 

5-Chloro-8-hydroxyquinoline 

3-Chloro-3'-methoxy-6-diphenylaminecarboxylic acid — 



4- ',4 " '-Biacetoacetanilide . 
4,4' -Diphenylthioc arbani lide . 
2, 2'-(Phenylimlno )diethanol . 
2,2'- (m-Tolylimino ) diethanol . 
'^,'lt -Isopropylidinediphenol. 
6,6'-Ureylenebis [l-naphthol-3-sulfonlc acid ]. 
A-,A- -Isopropylidinediphenol. 
2,2 -Bis(<4-hydroxyphenyl)butane. 
4,<i -Isopropylidinedl-o-cresol. 
4-, 4- -Isopropylidinebis [2-isopropylphenol] . 
Isocyanic acid, (3,3 '-dimethyl -4, 4 '-biphenylene ester. 
3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid . 
6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
l-Amino-4-brQmo-2-anthraquinonesulfonic acid. 
l-Acetann' do-4-bromoanthraquinone . 
3-Bromo-7H-benz [de] anthracen-7-one . 
2-Bromodibenzofuran. 
4-Bromo-l-methylamlnoanthraquinone . 

6-Bromo-3-methyl-7H-dibenz[f ,ij]isoquinoline-2,7(3H)- 
dione . 
2-Bromo-4 '-nitroacetophenone . 
2-Bromoquinizarin . 

3 -Bromo-4 -methyl-2-biphenylcarboxylic acid. 
2 '-tert-Butyl-4- ', 6 '-dimethylacetophenone . 
p-Nitrobenzoic acid, n-butyl ester. 



p-Sulf amoylbenzoic acid. 

5-Acetamidosalicylic acid. 

N-(5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenylazo)-N-methylglycine. 

a -Carboxy-o-toluic acid. 
3-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisuli"onic acid. 
8-Amlno-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonic acid. 
Cresols, chlorinated. 
2-Acetamido-3-chloro-9, lO-dihydro-9, 10-anthradlol- 

9,10-disulfonic acid, diethyl ester. 
2-Acetamldo-3-chloroanthraquinone . 
2-Acetaaido-3-chloro-9,10-dihydro-9,10-anthradiol-9, 

10-disulfonic acid, diethyl ester. 
2' -Chloroacetoacetanilide. 
N-Acetyl-2-chloroarsanilic acid [As03H2=1]. 
"i-Chloro-o-anisidlne [NH2=1]. 
5-Chlorometanilic acid [ S03H=l] . 
6-Chloro-a,a,a-trifluoro-m-toluidlne [NH2=1] • 
2-Amino-'4-chlorophenol . 
3-Chloro-p-toluidine [NH2=l]. 
6-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=1]. 
4-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=l]. 
2-Amino-6-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid. 
6-ChlorQmetanilic acid. 
2-Mino-5-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid. 
5-Chloro-o-anisidine [ NHg =1 ] . 
4-Chloro-o-anisidine [NH2=l]. 
3-Chloro-2-anthrolc acid. 
3-Chloro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid. 
N-Acetyl-2-chloroarsanilic acid [As03H2=l]. 
4-Chloro-3-formylbenzenesulfonic acid. 
5-Chloro-2-f ormylbenzenesulf onic acid . 
l-Benzamido-5-chloroanthraquinone. 
Chloro-7H-benz [de] anthracen-7-one. 
4-Chloro-*,f ,«-trifluorotoluene. 
(p-Chlorophenyl ) aoetonitrile . 
l-Chloro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid. 
6-Chloro-m-cresol [0H=l] . 
2-Chloroquinizarin . 

8-Chloro-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
5-Chloro-8-quinolinol. 
4-Chloro-N-(m-methoxyphenyl)anthranilic acid [C00H=1] 



APPENDIX C 
Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous na/wes— Continued 



215 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



3-Chloro-'4'-methoxy-6-diphenylaminecarboxylic acid 

a-Chloro-2-methoxy-5-nitrotoluene 

[ 3- (5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-l-methyldiazoamino] - 
acetic acid. 

Ch loromethy lanthraqu inone 

o-Chloro-p-nitro aniline 

p-Chloro-c-nitroaniline 

Chloro-o-nitrobenzene 

't-Chloro-S -nit robenzot rif luoride 

4-Chloro-2-nitro-l-phenol-6-sulfonic acid 

'+-Chloro-2-nltrophenyl ether 

2-Chlorophenol 

A-Chlorophenol 

GhlorophenyUiydrazine-p-sulfonic acid 

l-(m-Chlorophenyl)-3-methyl -5 -pyrazolone 

2-Chloro-o-phenyl phenol 

l-(6-Chloro-4-sulfophenyl)-3-methyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

l-(2-Chloro-4.-sulfophenyl)-3-methyl-5-pyTazolone 

l-(6-Chloro-3-sulfophenyl)-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone 

o-Chloro-p-toluene sodium sulfonate 

'i-Chlorotoluene-2-sulfonic acid 

m-Chlorotoluenethioglycolic acid 

"i-Chloro-o-toluidine [CH3=l] — 

5-Chloro-2-toluidln8 [CH3=l] 

5-Ghloro-o-toluidine [CH3=l] 

o-Chloro-m-toluidine-p-sulfonic acid 

2-Chloro-p-toluidine-5-sulfonic acid 

2-Chloro-5-toluidine-4-sulfonic acid 

4-Chloro-o-tolylmercaptoacetic acid 

l-(5-Chloro-o-tolyl)-3-methyl-3-triazeneacetic acid — 

Chlorotolylthioglycolic acid 

Ghloro-sym-xylenol 

Chloroxylidenesulfonic acid 

'i-Chloro-2,5-xylylmercaptoacetlc acid 

Chromotropic acid 

Cinnamene 

1,6-Cleve 's acid 

1,7-Cleve's acid 

Cleve's acid, mixed 

m-Cresidine 

Cresidine or p-Cresidine 

m-Cresol methyl ether 

m-Cresolsulfonic acid 

o-Cresotic acid 

Y-Cresotic acid 

o-Cresotinic acid 

Cresyldisulfide 

m-Cresyl methyl ether 

Cumaldehyde 

psi-Cumene 

psi-Cumidine 

Cuminaldehyde 

2-Cyanopyridine 

3-Cyanopyridine 

'i-Cyanopyridine 

Dahl's acid 

Dehydrothio-p-toluidine 

Des oxyanisoin 

Developer Z 

3,6-Diaminoacridine 



4-Chloro-N-(p-methoxyphenyl)anthranilic acid. 

2- ( Chloromethyl ) -4-nit roanisole [ CH3O d. ] . 

N- (5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenylazo ) -N-methylglycine . 

l-Chloro-2-methylanthraquinone . 

2-Chloro-4-nitroani line . 

4-Chloro-2-nitroaniline . 

l-Chloro-2-nitrobenzene . 

^-Chloro-a,a,a-trifluoro-3-nitrotoluene. 

<i-Chloro-6-nitro-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid. 

l-("i-Chloro-2-nitrophenoxy)benzene. 

o-Chlorophenol. 

p-Chlorophenol. 

4-Chloro-3-hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid. 

1- (m-Ghlorophenyl) -3-methyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one . 

2-Chloro-6-phenylphenol . 

5-Chloro-4- ( 3-methyl-5 -oxo-2-pyrazolin- 1-yl )benzene- 

sulfonic acid. 
5-Chloro-4-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzene- 

sulfonic acid. 
<+-Chloro-3-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzene- 

sulfonio acid. 
3-Chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid, sodium salt [S03H=l]. 
5-Chloro-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
{4-Ghloro-o-tolylthio)acetic acid. 
5-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=l]. 
<4-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=l]. 
■i-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=1]. 

2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
6-Amino-4-chloro-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
(4-Chloro-o-tolylthio) acetic acid. 
N-( 5 -Chloro-o-tolyl) -N-methylglycine. 
(■i-Chloro-o-tolylthio) acetic acid. 
'i-Chloro-3, 5-xylenol . 

6-Amino-3-chloro-2,5-xylenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
(<i-Ghloro-2,5-xylylthio) acetic acid. 
•4,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
Styrene. 

5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 
8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
5 (and 8)-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
2-Methyl-p-anisidine [ HH2=l] . 
5-Methyl-o-anisidine [ NH2-I] • 
m-Methylanisole [CH30=l]. 
5-Hydroxy-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
2,3-Cresotic acid. 
2,4-Cresotic acid. 
2,3-Cresotic acid. 
p-Tolyl disulfide. 
m-Methylanisole [CH30=l]. 
p-Isopropylbenzaldehyde . 
1, 2,4-Trimethylbenzene. 
2,4-,5-Trimethylaniline. 
p-Isopropylbenzaldehyde . 
Picolinonitrile . 
Nicotinonitrile . 
Isonicotinonitrile . 



6-Amino-l-naphthaleneEulfonic acid. 

2- (p-Aminophenyl ) -6-methylbenzothiazole . 

4 '-Methoxy-2-(p-methoxyphenyl) acetophenone . 

3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one. 

Proflavine base. 



216 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



m-Diaminoanisole 

3,3'-Diaminoazoxybenzene 

2.2 '-Diamino-5,5'-bi-m-toluenesulfonic acid 

^,^ '-Diamino-l,l' -dianthraquinonylamine 

4,4' -Diamino-l,l'-dianthrimide 

Diamino-4,4 '-dibenzoyl-1, l' -dianthraquinoneimine 

Diamino-4,5'-dibenzoyl-l,l' -dianthraquinonylamine 

l,4-Diamino-2,3-dihydroxyanthraquinone 

3,6-Diamino-2,7-dlmethylacridine hydrochloride 

4 , 4 ' -Di amino- 2 ,2 - d imethylbipheny 1 

4,4'-Diamino-2,2 -dimethyldiphenylmethane 

4,4 -Diaminodiphenyl 

4.4 -Diaminodiphenylamine-2-sulfonic acid 

p,p -Diami nodiphenylme thane 

p,p -Diaminodiphenylsulfide 

3.3 -Diaminodiphenyl urea 

Di(p-aminophenyl) sulfide 

l,3-Di(m-aminophenyl)urea 

2,6-Diaminotoluene-4-sulfonic acid 

Diamylphenol 

l,5-Dianilinoanthraquinone-o,o'-dicarboxylio acid 

o-Dianisidine 

l,2-Di-p-anisyl-l,2-ethanediol 

2,4-Di(p-anisyl)-3-ethylhexane 

2,4-Di(p-anisyl)-3-ethylhexene 

a,(3-Dianisylglycol 

3,4-Di(p-anisyl)hexane 

1 , 1 ' -Di anthr aquinoneimine 

1 , 1 ' -Dianthraquinonylamine 

Dianthrimide 

Diazoaminobenzene 

Di azobenzene chloride 

4.5 -Dibenzamido-1, 1 '- ami nodi anthraquinone 

5,5 -Dibenzamido-1, I'-iminodianthraquinone- 

Dibenzanthrone 

2,2'-Dibenzanthronyl 

13,13-Dibenz anthronyl 

Dibenzopyran 

Dibenzopyrrole 

Dibenzoyl 

4,5-Dibenzoylamidodianthraquinonylamlne 

4.4 '-Dibenzoyldiamino- 1,1' -dianthrimide 

Dibenzyl 

Dibenzylaniline 

Dibenzyl disulphide 

Dibenzyl ether 

Dibenzyl sodium sulfanilate 

Dibromoaminoanthraquinone 

7,16-Dibromo-6,15-dihydro-5,9,14,18-anthrazinetetrone 

p-Dibromodihydroxynaphthalene 

2,6-DibrQmo-l,5-dihydroxynaphthalene 

4,5-Dibromo-l,8-dihydroxynaphthalene 

1,4-Dichloro aniline 

2,5-Dichloroaniline-4-sulfonic acid 

l,5-Dichloro-4,8-anthraquinonedisulfonic acid 

l,8-Dichloro-4,5-anthraquinonedisulfonic acid 

2,6-Dichlorobenzalchloride 

o,o'-Dichlorobenzidine 

3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine base 

m,m'-Dichlorobenzidine hydrochloride 

2,4-Dichlorobenzyl chloride 

2,4-Dichlorobenzylidene chloride 

2,6-Dichlorobenzylidene chloride 

2,5-Diohlorophenylhydrazinesulfonic acid 

l-(2,5-Dlchlorophenyl)-5-pyTa2olone-3-carboxylic acid 



5 -Methoxy-m-phenylenedi amine . 

3.3 -Azoxydianiline. 

2.2 -Diamino-5,5 -dimethyl-3,3 -biphenyldisulfonic 
acid. 

1,1 -Iminobis[4-aminoanthraquinone] . 

1,1 -Iminobis[4-aminoanthraquinone] . 

1, 1 -Iminobis[4-benzamidoanthraquinone] . 

4,5 -Dibenzamido-1, 1 -iminodianthraquinone. 

1,4-Diaminohystazarin. 

Acridine yellow. 

m-Tolidine. 

4.4 -Methylenedi (m-toluidine ) . 
Benzidine . 

5-Amino-2-(p-aminoanilino)benzenesulfonic acid. 
4,4'-Methylenedianiline. 

4,4 -Thiodianiline. 

3.3 -Diaminocarbanilide. 

4.4 -Thiodianiline. 

3,3 -Diaminocarbanilide. 

3 , 5-Diamino-p-toluenesulf onic acid . 

2,4-Dipentylphenol. 

l,5-Dianilino-2,6-'anthraquinonedicarboxylic acid. 

3,3 -Dimethoxybenzidine. 

1 , 2 -Di ( p-me thoxypheny 1 ) - 1 , 2 -ethanediol . 

2,4-Di (p-methoxyphenyl) -3-ethyIhexane . 

2,4-Di(p-methoxyphenyl)-3-ethylhexene. 

1,2-Di (p-methoxyphenyl )-l,2-ethanediol. 

3,4-Di (p-methoxyphenyl )hexane . 

1,1'- Iminodianthraquinone . 

1,1 - Iminodi anthr aquinone . 

1,1 - Iminod i anthr aquinone . 

1, 3-Diphenyltriazene . 

Benzenediazonium chloride . 

4.5 -Dibenzamido-1, 1 -iminodianthraquinone. 
1,1 -Iminobls [5-benzami doanthraquinone] . 
Violanthrone . 

(4,4^-Bi-7H-benz[de]anthracen)-7,7'-dione. 
(3,3'-Bi-7H-benz[de]anthracen)-7,7'-dione. 
Xanthene* 

Carbazole. 

Benzil. 

4, 5' -Dibenzamido-1, l' -iminodianthraquinone. 

l,l'-Iminobis [4-benzamidoanthraquinone] . 

Bibenzyl. 

N-Phenyldibenzylamine . 

Benzyl disulfide . 

Benzyl ether. 

N,N-Dibenzylsulfanilic acid, sodium salt. 

l-Amino-2,4-dibromoanthraquinone. 

7 , 15-DibrQmoindanthrene . 

4 

2 

4 

2 

2 

4 

4 



5-Dibromo-l,8-naphthalenediol. 

6-Dibromo-l, 5-naphthalenediol . 

5-Dibromo-l,8-naphthalenediol. 

5-Dichloro aniline. 

5-Dichlorosulf anilic acid [S03=l]. 

8-Dichloro-l,5-anthraquinonedisulfonic acid. 

5-Dichloro-l,8-anthraquinonedisulfonic acid. 

a, 2 , 6-Tetrachlorotoluene . 
3,3' -Dichlorobenzidine . 
3,3' -Dichlorobenzidine . 
2,2' -Dichlorobenzidine hydrochloride . 

2 , 4-Trichlorotoluene . 

a, 2 , 4-Tet rachlorotoluene . 

oc, 2 , 6-Tetrachlorotoluene . 

5-Dichloro-4-hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid. 
l-(2,5-Dichlorophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyrazollne-3-carboxylic 

acid. 



APPENDIX C 



217 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Conmon name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



2,5-Dichloro-4-sulfobenzenediazohydroxide 

1- (2,5-Dichloro-<i-sulfophenyl) -3-methyl-5-pyTazolone- 

2,4-Dichloro-5-(p-toluenesulfonamido)-l-naphtliol 

Dicresyldisulf ide 

Dicyclohexyl 

Diethanolaniline 

Diethanol-m-toluidine 

l,<i-Diethoxybenzene 

N-(2,5-Diethoxy-4-nitrophenyl)benzamlde 

N-(2,5-Diethoxyphenol)benzamide 

Diethylanlline-m-sulfonic acid 

Dif ormy 1-m-t olylenedi amine 

1,2-Dihydroacenaphthylene 

9,10-Dlhydroaoridine 

l,4-Dihydro-4-oxo-2,&-pyridinedicarboxylic acid 

1,3-Dihydroxyanthraquinone 

l,<i--Dihydroxyanthraquinone 

1,5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone 

1,8-Dihydroxyanthraquinone 

2',5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone 

2,4-Dihydroxybenzoic acid 

Dihydroxybipheny 1 

2,3-Dihydroxy-l,4-diajninoanthraquinone 

Dihydroxydibenzanthrone 

5,5 '-Dihydroxydi-2-naphthylamine-7,7 '-disuifonic acid 

l,5-Dihydroxy-4,8-dinitroanthraquinone 

p ,p '-Dihyd roxydipheny Idimethy Imethane 

A, A '-Dihydroxydiphenylsulfone 

5,5-Dihydroxy-7,7'-disulfonic-2,2'-dinaphthylamine 

Dihyd roxyethylaniline 

N,N-Di(P-hydroxyethyl) aniline 

Dihyd roxyethyl-3-toluidine 

N,N-Di(P-hydroxyethyl)-m-toluidine 

3',^'-Dihydroxy-2-methylaminoaoetophenone 

1,5-Dihydroxynaphthalene 

2,3 -Dihyd roxynaphthalene 

l,8-Dihydroxynaphthalene-3,6-disulfonic acid 

l,8-Dihydroxynaphthalene-'i-sulfonic acid 

2,3-Dihydroxynaphthalene-6-sulfonic acid 

P-Di-p-hydroxyphenylpropane 

7 , 8-Diketoacenaphthene 

2 , 3 -Dimethoxybenzaldehyde 

3 , 4-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde 

o-Dimethoxybenzene 

1,2-Dimethoxybenzene 

3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine-'i,A'-diisocyanate 

"ij-i'-Dimethoxybenzoin 

p,p'-Dimethoxybenzoylphenylcarblnol 

3,'i-Dimethoxybenzyl alcohol 

3,3'-Dimethoxy-'4,A'-biphenylbis[3-methyl-3- 

triazeneethanesulfonic acid] . 
N,N'-(3,3'-Dimethoxy-4-,4-'-biphenylenebisazo)bis(N- 

methyltaurine ) . 
2,2'-[3,3'-(3,3'-Dimethoxy-'i,A'-biphenylene)bls(l- 

methyldiazoamino)] di(ethanesulfonic acid). 
1, 1' - ( 3 , 3 '-Dimethoxy-A , "4 ' -biphenylene )bis ( 3-methyl-3- 

(sulfoethyl)triazene) . 

Di-p-methoxyethylchalcone 

4 , A' -Dimethoxy-a-hydroxy-a-pheny lacetone 

N-(2,5-Dimethoxy-A-nitrophenyl)benzamide 

N-(2,5-Dimethoxyphenyl)benzaiiiide 

Dimethylacetanilide 

Dimethylaminoacetyloatechol 

'i-Dimethylamino-2,3-dimethyl-l-phenyl-3-pyrazolin-5- 

one. 

608094 O -61 - 15 



2,6-Dichloro-4-hydroxydiazobenzenesull"onic acid. 
2,5-Dichloro-4-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyTazolin-l-yl) 

benzenesulfonic acid. 
N-(6,8-Dichloro-5-hydroxy-l-naphthyl)-p-toluene- 

sulf onamide [ S02NH2=1] . 
p-Tolyl disulfide. 
Bicyclohexyl. 
2,2 -(Phenylimlno)diethanol. 

2.2 -(m-Tolylimino)diethanol. 
p-Diethoxybenzene . 

2 ', 5 '-Diethoxy-4 -nitrobenzanilide . 

2 ,5 -Diethoxybenzanilide. 

N N-Diethylmetanilic acid [S03H=l]. 

N^,n5 -Dif ormy ltoluene-2,5-diamine [CH3=1] . 

Acenaphthene . 

Acridan. 

Chelidamic acid. 

Xanthopu rpu r in . , 

Quinizarin. 

Anthrarufin. 

Chrysazin. 

Anthraflavic acid. 

P-Resorcylic acid. 

Biphenol. 

1,4-Diaminohystazarin. 

16, 17-Dihydroxyviolanthrone . 

6,6 -Tmi nobis [l-naphthol-3-sulfonie acid]. 

'4,8-Dinitroanthrarufin. 

■V.^ ^-Isopropylidenediphenol. 

A , "+ ^-Sulf onyldiphenol . 

6,6 -Iminobis[l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid). 

2,2^ -(Phenylimino)diethanol. 

2 , 2^ - ( Phenylimino ) diethanol . 

2,2 -(m-Tolylimino) diethanol. 

2,2 -(m-Tolylimino)diethanol. 

Adrenalone . 

1 , 5 -Naphthalenediol . 

2,3-Naphthalenediol. 

'+,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulf onic acid. 

A,5-Dihydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. - 

6,7-Dihydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

<i , 4 ' - Isopropylidinediphenol . 

Acenaphthenequinone . 

o-Veratraldehyde . 

Veratraldehyde . 

Veratrole. 

Veratrole. 

Isocyanic acid, 3,3'-dimethoxy-4,4'-biphenylene 
ester. 

p-Anisoin. 

p-Anisoin. 

Veratryl alcohol. 

3.3 '-Dimethoxy-4,4'-bis[3-methyl-3-sulfoethyltriazen- 
1-yl] biphenyl. 

3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,4'-bis[3-methyl-3-sulfoethyltriazen- 

1-yl] biphenyl. 
3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,4'-bis[3-methyl-3-sulfoethyltriazen- 

1-yl] biphenyl. 
3,3'-Dlmethoxy-4,4'-bis[ 3-methyl-3-sulfoethyltriazen- 

1-yl] biphenyl. 
c<-Ethyl-4,4'-dimethoxychalcone. 
p-Anisoin. 

2', 5' -Dlmethoxy -4 '-nitrobenzanilide. 
2 ',5 '-Dimethoxybenzanilide. 
Acetoxylidide . 

3 ',4 '-Dihydroxy-2-dimethylaminoacetophenone . 
Aminopyrine . 



218 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



N,N-Dimethyl-3-aminophenol 

Dimethylaniline 

Dimethylbenzene 

2 ',<4-Dimethylbenzenesulfonanilide 

2,2'-Dimethylbenzidine 

3,3 '-Dimethylbenzidine 

Sj^i-Dimethyl-B-tert-butylacetophenone 

l,3-Dlmethyl-5-tert-butylbenzene 

2,7-Dimethylceroxanol 

Dimethyldianthraqulnonyl 

2,2 '-Dimethyl-l,l-dianthraquinonylamine 

Dimethylhydroresorcinol 

3,3 '-Dimethyl-4-,'1- '-methylenediphenyl isocyanate 

Dlmethyl-a-naphthylamine 

2,3-Dimethyl-5-oxo-l-phenyl-3-pyrazoline-<V-carboxylic 
acid. 

2,3-*imethyl-l-phenyl-3-pyrazolin-5-one 

2,7-Dimethylquinoline 

Dinaphtho[l,2,3-cd,l',2',3'-lm]perylene-9,18-dione 

Dinaphtho[l,2,3-cd,3',2',l'-lm]perylene-5,10-dione 

l,<i-Dinitrobenzene 

2,4.-Dinitrobenzene 

Dinitrochlorobenzene 

Dinitrochlorobenzenesulf onic acid 

3,5-Dlnitro-4-ohlorobenzoic acid 

2,6-Dinitro-'4-chlorophenol 

Dinitro-o-cyclohexylphenol 

"i,4'-Dinitro-l,l '-dianthraquinonylamine 

Dinitrodibenzanthronyl 

Dinitrohydroxydiphenylamine 

Dinitrotetramethyldiaminodiphenylmethane 

2,4— Dinitrotoluenesulf onic acid 

1,2-Dioxoacenaphthene 

Dioxy S acid 

Diphenol 

Diphenyl 

2 , ^.-Diphenylamine -l-hydroxyanthraqulnone 

2 , A-Diphenylamino- 1-oxyanthraquinone 

Diphenylcarbazide 

Diphenyleneimlne 

Diphenylene oxide 

Diphenyl epsilon acid 

Diphenyl ethe r 

Diphenyl ketone 

Diphenylmethanol 

Diphenyl oxide 

l,3-Diphenyl-2-propen-l-one 

Diphenyl silicon dichloride 

1,3-Diphenylurea 

N,N-Diphenylurea 

sym-Diphenylurea 

Dipyrazoledianthrone 

1,3-Di-p-toluidineanthraquinone 

1,4-Di-p-toluidineanthraquinone 

l,3-Di(p-tolylamino)anthraquinone 

1,'4-Di-p-tolylaminoanthraquinone 

S-Dixenylthiourea 

Durene 

N-Ethanol-N-ethyl-'i-nitrosoaniline 

2-Ethanolpyridine 

2-Ethoxy aniline 

4-Ethoxyaniline 

2-Ethoxy-6-sulfonaphthalene 

Ethyl-p-aminobenzoate 



m- ( Dimethylamino )phenol . 

Xylidine . 

Xylene . 

p-Toluenesulf ono-o-toluidide . 

m-Tolidine . 

o-Tolidine . 

2 '-tert-Butyl-<+' , 6 '-dimethylaoetophenone . 

5-tert-Butyl-m-xylene . 

2,8-Dimethyl-13b-hydroxy-9(13b)-ceroxenone. 

2, 2 '-Dimethyl-1, 1 -bianthraquinone . 

l,l'-Iminobis [2-methylanthraquinone] . 

Dimethyl-1, 3-oyclohexanedione. 

Isocyanic acid, 2,2 '-dimethyl -A, <+' -methylenedi- 

phenylene ester. 
N,N-Dimethyl-l-naphthylamine. 
Antipyrio acid. 

Antipyrine. 

m-Toluquinaldine . 

Isoviolanthrone . 

Violanthrone. 

p-Dinitrobenzene . 

m-Dinitrobenzene . 

l-Chloro-2 , "i-dinitrobenzene . 

<V-Chloro-3,5-dinitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 

4-Chloro-3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid [COOH=l]. 

4-Chloro-2,6-dinitrophenol [OH=l]. 

2-Cyclohexyl-4,6-dinitrophenol [ OH=l] . 

1,1 '-Iminobis [4-nitroanthraquinone ] . 

Dinitro(3,3 '-bi-7H-benz [de] anthracene)-?, 7 -dione. 

p-(2,4— Dinitroanilino)phenol. 

4,4'-Methylenebis [N,N-dimethyl-2-nitroaniline] . 

3,5-Dinitro-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 

Acenaphthenequinone . 

4,5-Dihydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonlc acid. 

Biphenol . 

Biphenyl . 

2,4-Dianilino-l-hydroxyanthraquinone. 

2 ,4-Dianilino-l-hydroxyanthraquinone . 

1,5-Diphenylcarbohydrazide. 

Carbazole. 

Dibenzofuran. 

8-Diphenylamino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

Phenyl ether. 

Benzophenone. 

Benzhydrol. 

Phenyl ether. 

Chalcone . 

Dichlorophenylsilane . 

Carbanilide. 

Carbanilide. 

Carbanilide. 

[3,2 '-Bianthra[l,9]pyrazole]-6,6'(2H,2'H)-dione. 

1,3-Di (p-toluidino ) anthraquinone . 

l,4-Di(p-toluidino)anthraquinone. 

1,3-Di (p-toluidino) anthraquinone. 

1,4-Di( p-toluidino) anthraquinone. 

4 , 4 ' -Diphenylthiocarbani lide . 

1,2,4,5-Tetramethylbenzene. 



2- ( N-Ethyl-4-nitrosoanilino )ethanol . 
2-Pyridineethanol . 
o-Phenetidine [ NH2 =l] . 
p-Phenetidine [NH2=l1 . 
6-Ethoxy-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 
p-Aminobenzoio acid, ethyl ester. 



APPENDIX C 



219 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names- -Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



Ethyl-o-amino-p-cresol 

Ethylaniline (mono) 

N,N-Ethylbenzylaniline 

Ethylbenzylanllinesulfonio acid 

Ethylbenzyl-m-toluidine 

Ethylbenzyl-m-toluidino-o-sulfonic acid 

Ethyleneglycol monopheny lather 

Ethyl hydrol 

N-Ethyl-N-(P-hydroxyethyl) aniline 

Ethyl ketone base 

2- [l-Ethyl-3-(2-methoxy-5-nltrophenyl)diazoamino] -5 
sulfobenzoic acid. 

5-Ethyl-2-methylpyridine 

p-Ethylnitrobenzene 

Ethyl -p-nitrobenzoate 

Ethyl -p-nitrobenzoylacet ate 

Ethyl phenyl ether 

Ethylsulfobenzylaniline 

N-Ethyl-o-toluidine-p-sulfonic acid 

Fast red TR base 

p-Formylaniline 

p-Formyl-N,N-diethylaniline 

<i-Formyl-3-pyrazolin-5-one 

G acid 

Gamma acid 

Gamma disulfo acid 

Glycerolmonoethylanlline 

H acid 

Halocrin 

Hexahydrobenzoic acid 

Hexahydropyridine 

Homophthalic acid 

a-m-Homos alicylic acid 

p-Homosalicylic acid 

Homoveratric acid 

o-Homoveratric acid 

Homoveratronitrile 

Homoveratrylamine 

1,2-1,2-Hydrazinedibromoanthraquinone 

Hydrol--- 

Hydroquinone dimethyl ether 

l-Hydroxy-<+-aminoanthraquinone 

7-Hyd roxy coumarin 

4-Hydroxydiphenol 

P -Hydroxyethy 1-o-chloroani line 

Hydroxyethylethylaniline 

Hydroxyethylmethylaniline 

N-(p-Hydroxyethyl)-N-methylaniline 

Hydroxyethyl-3-toluidine 

2-Hydroxymetanilic acid 

4-Hydroxymet ani lie acid 

2-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde 

2-Hydroxy-3-methylbenzoic acid ■- 

2-Hydroxy-'i-methylbenzoic acid 

2-Hydroxy-5-methylbenzoic acid 

7-Hyd roxy-A-methylcoumarin 

2-Hydroxy-5-nitrometanilic acid 

4-Hydroxy-5-nitrometanilic acid 

2-Hydroxyphenetole 

p-Hydroxyphenylarsonlc acid 



3-Ethylamino-p-cresol [OH=l]. 

N-Ethylaniline . 

N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamine . 

a-(N-Ethylanilino)-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

N-Benzyl-N-ethyl-m-toluidine [ NH2=l]. 

4- ( N-Benzyl-H-ethylami no ) -o-toluenesulf onie acid 

[ SO3H =1] . 
2-Phenoxyethanol . 
4., "4 -Bis[diethylamino]benzhydrol. 
2- ( N-Ethylanilino ) ethanol . 
4, 4 -Bis[diethylamino]benzophenone. 
2-[l-Ethyl-3-(2-methoxy-5-nitrophenyl)triazen-3- 

yl]-5-sulfobenzoic acid. 
5-Ethyl-2-picoline . 
l-Ethyl-4-nitrobenzene . 
p-Nitrobenzoic acid, ethyl ester. 
p-Nitrobenzoylacetic acid, ethyl ester. 
Phenetole . 

a-(N-Ethylanilino)-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 
3-Ethylamino-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 



"i-Chloro-o-toluidine [NHa^l]' 
p-Minobenzaldehyde . 
p- (Diethylamino)benzaldehyde . 
5-0xo-3-pyTazoline-4— carboxaldehyde. 



2-Naphthol-6,8-disulfonic acid. 
7- Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid . 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
3- ( N-Ethylanilino )-l,2-propanediol. 



8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 

6 , 9-Dichloro-2-methoxyacridine . 

Cyclohexanecarboxylic acid. 

Piperidine . 

(x-Carboxy-o-toluic acid. 

2,<i-Cresotic acid [COOH=l]. 

2,5-Cresotic acid [COOH=l] . 

(3,4-Dimethoxyphenyl) acetic acid. 

(2,3-Dimethoxyphenyl)acetic acid. 

( 3 , 4-Dimethoxyphenyl ) acetonit rile . 

3,4-Dimethoxyphenethylamine . 

7, 16-Dibromoindanthrene , 

4,4 -Bis(dimethylamlno)benzhydrol. 

p-Dimethoxybenzene . 

l-Amino-4-hydroxyanthraqutnone . 

Umbelliferone. 

p-Phenylphenol . 

2- ( o-Chloroani lino ) ethanol . 

2- ( N-Ethylanilino ) ethanol . 

2- ( N-Methylani lino ) ethanol . 

2- ( N-Methylani lino ) ethanol . 

2- (m-Toluidino ) ethanol . 

6- Amino- l-phenol-2-sulf onic acid. 

2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulfonic acid. 

o-Vanillin, 

2,3-Cresotic acid [ COOH=l] . 

2,4-Cresotic acid [ COOH=lj . 

2,5-Cresotic acid [ COOH=l] . 

4-Methylumbellif erone . 

6-Amino-4-nitro-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid. 

2-Amino-6-nitro-l-phenol-4-sulfonlc acid. 

o-Ethoxyphenol . 

p-Hydroxybenzenearsonic acid [As03H2=i]. 



220 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



p-Hydroxyphenyl-n-butylamlne 

3-(p-Hydroxyphenyl)hydratropic acid 

N-(p-Hydroxyphenyl)-2-naphthylamine 

P-(p-Hydroxyphenyl)-a-phenylpropionic acid 

3-(p-Hydroxyphenyl)-2-phenylpropionic acid 

4-HydroxypyTidine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid 

8-Hydroxyquinoline 

m-Hydroxytoluene 

o-Hydroxytoluene 

p-Hydroxytoluene 

6-Hydroxy-m-toluidine [ NH2=l] 

2-Hydroxy-p-toluic acid 

I acid 

I acid imide 

2,2 -(l,3-Indandione)quinoline 

Isobutyl p-nitrobenzoate 

Isodibenzanthrone 

p-Isopropylaniline 

Isopropylbenzene 

Isopropyl p-toluenesulf onate 

J acid 

J acid imide 

J acid urea 

K acid 

Koch's acid 

Lake red C amine 

Laurent 's acid 

Lead styphnate 

Lead trinitroresorcinate 

Leuco-l,'4-di(methylamino)anthraquinone 

Methandrone 

Methane base 

Methane salt 

o-Methoxyacetanilide 

p-Methoxyacetanillde 

<i-Methoxy-'i -aminodiphenylamine 

2-Methoxy-4-aminodiphenylamine-2 -sulfonic acid 

Methoxy aniline 

o-Methoxyanilinomethanesulf onic acid 

2- ( o-Methoxyanilino ) -5-nitrobenzenesulf onic acid 

o-Methoxyanilino-p-sulfonic acid 

Methoxybenzene 

p-Methoxybenzoic acid 

<i-Methoxy-3 -chloro-6 -carboxydiphenylamine 

2-Methoxy-6,9-dichloroacridine 

4 -Methoxy-4-nitrodiphenylamine-2'-sulfonic acid 

2-[3-(2-Methoxy-'i-nitrophenyl)-l-methyltriazeno] -5- 
sulfobenzoic acid. 

4-Methoxy-m-toluidine [CH3=lJ 

6-Methoxy-m-toluidine [NH2=l] 

[ 3- (6-Methoxy-m-tolyl)-l-methyltriazeno] acetic acid 

4-Methyl-4-amlnodiphenylamine-2-sulfonic acid 

Methy laminosulf obenzoic acid 

o-Methylanlllne 

Methylanillne (mono) 



p-Butylaminophenol . 
a-Phenylphloretic acid. 
p-2-Naphthylaminophenol . 
a-Phenylphloretic acid. 
a-Phenylphloretic acid. 
Chelidamic acid. 
8-Quinolinol. 
m-Cresol [OH=l]. 
o-Cresol [oH=l] . 
p-Cresol [oH=l] . 
2-Amino-p-cresol [OH=l]. 
2,4-Cresotic acid [COOH=l] 



6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 

6,6 -Iminobis [l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid]. 

Quinophthalone . 

p-Nitrobenzoic acid, isobutyl ester. 

Isoviolanthrone . 

Cumidine . 

Cumene. 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, isopropyl ester [S03H=l], 



6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 

6,6 '-Iminobis [l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid] . 

6,6 '-Ureylenebis [l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid] 



8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,5-disulfonic acid. 
3-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid. 



2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulf onic acid [ S03H=1] , 
5-Amino-l-naphthalenesuli"onic acid. 
Styphnic acid, lead salt. 
Styphnic acid, lead salt. 
l,4-Dimethylamino-9, lO-anthradiol. 



3 ', 4 '-Dthydroxy-2- ( dimethylamino ) acetophenone . 

4,4 '-Methy lenebis [N,N-dimethylaniHne] . 

4,4 -Methylenebisr3-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid]. 

o-Acetanisidide . 

p-Acetanisidide . 

N-(p-Methoxyphenyl)-p-phenylenediamine. 

o-(4-Amino-2-anisidino)benzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 

Anisidine [MH2=l]. 

o-Anisidinomethanesulfonlc acid. 

2-(o-Anisidino)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 

4-MethoxyTnetanilic acid [S03H=l]. 

Anisole. 

Anisic acid [COOH=l] . 

4-Chloro-N-(p-methoxyphenyl)anthranilic acid 

[C00H=l]. 
6, 9-Dichloro-2-methoxyacridine . 

2- (p-Anisidino) -5-nitrobenzenesulf onic acid [S03H=l]. 
2- [3- ( 2-Methoxy-4-nitrophenyl )-l-methyltriazen-3-yl ] - 

5-sulf obenzoic acid. 
5-Methyl-o-anisidine [NH2=l]. 
5-Methyl-o-anisidine [NH2=l]. 
[3-(6-Methoxy-m-tolyl)-l-methyltriazen-3-yl] acetic 

acid. 
5-Amlno-2-(p-toluidino)benzenesulfonic acid. 
N-Methyl-5-sulfoanthranilic acid. 
o-Toluidine [ NH2=l]. 
N-Methylaniline . 



APPENDIX C 



221 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous mimes — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



S'-Methylbenzanthrone 

Methy Ibenzoic acid 

Methylenebis(toluenediamine) 

"ij'i'-Methylenebisfo-tolylisocyanate] 

Methylenedi-p-phenyleneisooyanate 

•ijA'-Methylenediphenylisocyanate 

Me thylenedi -o-tolylene Isocyanate 

a-Methyl-5-ethylpyridine (MEP) 

A-Methyl-y-hydroxycotomarin 

Methyl-p-hydroxy-m-nitrobenzoate 

l-Methyl-4-hydroxyquinolone 

3-Methyl-4- ( 3-methyl-5 -oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl )benzene 

sulfonic acid. 
3-Methyl-l-(2-methyl-4-sulfophenyl)-5-pyTazolone 

N-(5-Methyl-'i-nitro-o-anisyl)-p-toluenesulfonamide- 

2-Methyl-5-nitrodiphenylamine 

3-Methyl-l-(m-nitrophenyl)-5-pyrazolone 

m-Methylphenol 

o-Methylphenol 

p-Methylphenol 

4- Methyl-m-phenylenediisocyanate 

3-Methyl-l-phenyl-5-pyrazolone 

Methylphenylpyrazolone-3-sulfonic acid 

Methy Iphenylpyrazolone-A-sulfonic acid 

2-Methylpiperidine 

<i- ( 3-Methyl-5-pyrazolone ) -m-toluenesulf onic acid 

Methylpyridine 

2->.lethylqu incline 

3-Methyl-l-(m-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

3-Methyl-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyTazolin-5-one 

Methy Isulfophenylpyrazolone, mixed 

3-Methyl-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-5-pyTazolone 

Methyl-p-toluenesulfonate 

P-Methylumbelliferone 

2-Methyl-5-vtnylpyTidine (MVP) 

Michler's hydrol 

Michler's ketone 

Monobromobenzene 

Monochlorobenzene 

Naphthalene sodium sulfonates 

Naphthalene-P-thioglyoolic acid 

2(lH)-peri-Naphthazolone 

o-Naphthionic acid 

a-Naphthol 

P-Naphthol- 

l-Naphthol-8-chloro-3,6-disulfonic acid 

2-Naphthol ethyl ether 

Naphthosulfochloride 

1,8-Naphthosultone 

Naphthylacetonitrile 

a-Naphthylamine 

P-Naphthylamine 

l-Naphthylamine-3,6-disulfonic acid 



2-Methyl-7H-benz [de] anthracen-7-one. 

p-Toluic acid [C00H=l]. 

5,5 -Methylenebis [toluene-2,'i-diamine ]. 

Isocyanic acid, 3,3'-dimethyl-4.,"4'-methylenedi- 
phenylene ester. 

Isocyanic acid, methylenedi-p-phenylene ester. 

Isocyanic acid, methylenedi-p-phenylene ester. 

Isocyanic acid, 3,3 '-dimethyl -4, 4-'-methylenedi- 
phenylene ester. 

5-Ethyl-2-picoline . 

4-Methylumbellif erone . 

p-Hydroxy-m-nitrobenzoic acid, methyl ester. 

l-Methyl-A ( IH ) -quinolone . 

'4-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl) -m-toluene- 
sulf onic acid [SOaH^l]. 

•4- (3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyTazolin-l-yl) -m-toluene- 
sulf onic acid. 

N-(5-Methyl-4-nitro-o-methoxyphenyl)-p-toluene- 

sulfcnamide. 
5-Hitro-N-phenyl-o-toluidine [NH2=l] . 
3-Methyl-l-(m-nitrophenyl)-2-pyrazolin-5-one. 
m-Cresol [ OH=l] . 

o-Cresol [0H=1]. 
p-Cresol [0H=1]. 

Isocyanic acid, 4-methyl-m-phenylene ester. 
3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyTazolin-5-one. 
m-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 
acid. 

p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 

acid. 
2-Pipecoline. 
4- (3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl) -m-toluenesulf onic 

acid. 
Picoline. 
Quinaldine. 

m-(3-Methyl-5-QXo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 

acid. 
p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyTazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 

acid. 
m(and p)-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzene- 

sulfonic acid. 
p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolln-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 

acid. 
p-Toluenesulfonic acid, methyl ester [S03H=l]. 
4-Methylumbellif erone . 
5-Vinyl-2-picoline. 
4, 4 ' -Bis [ dimethy lamino] benzhydrol . 
4,4' -Bis [ dimethylamino] benzophenone . 
Bromobenzene . 
Chlorobenzene (mono). 



Naphthalenesulfonic acids, sodium salt (mixed), 

(2-Naphthylthio)acetic acid. 

Naphthos tyri 1 . 

l-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

1-Naphthol. 

2-Naphthol. 

8-Chloro-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 

2-Ethoxynaphthalene . 

1-Naphthalenesulfonyl chloride. 

l-Naphthol-8-sulfonic acid sultone. 

Naphthaleneacetonitrile. 

1 - N aphthy 1 amine . 

2-Naphthylamine . 

5-Amlno-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 



222 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



l-Naphthylamlne-3,8-disulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-4,7-disulfonio acid 

l-Naphthylamine-<i,8-disulfonio acid 

2-Naphthylamine-l,5-disulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-3,6-disulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-'+,8-dlsulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-5,7-disulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-6,8-disulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-2-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-3-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-<i-sulfonio acid 

l-Naphthylamine-5-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-6 -sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-6(and 7)-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-7-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-8-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-l-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-5-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-6-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-8-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylainine-3,6,8-trisulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-3,6,8-trisulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamino-2-carboxylic acid anthraquinone- 

1-Naphthylisocyanate 

c-Naphthyl isocyanate 

2-Naphthylmercaptoacetic acid 

Naphthylmethanesulfonic acid 

P-Naphthylthioglycolic acid 

Nevile & Winther's acid 

3-Nitro-4-aminoanisole [ CH30=1] 

4-Nitro-2-aminoanisole [ CH30=1] 

5-Nitro-2-aminoanisole [ CH30=1] 

6-Nitro-2-aminoanisole [ CH30=ll 

o- Ni t ro-p- aminophenol 

p-Nitro-o-aminophenol 

5 -Nit ro-o- aminophenol 

4-Nitro-2-aminophenol-6-sulfonlc acid 

6-Nitro-2-aminophenol-'i— sulfonic acid 

'4-Nitro-4-'-amino-2-sulfodiphenylamine 

5-Nitro-2-aminotoluene [ CH3=l] 

p-Nitroaniline-o-sulfonic acid 

m-Nitro-p-anisidine [ CH30=l] 

3-Nitro-p-anisidine [ CH30=1] 

4-Nitro-2-anisidine [ CH30=1] 

5-Nitro-2-anisidine [ CH30=1] 

2-Nitroanisol8-4-sulfodiethylamide 

l-Nitroanthraquinone-2-carboxylic acid 

Nitrobenzene-2,5-disulfonic acid 

l-Nitrobenzene-i4-sulfonic acid 

2-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid-r 

3-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

3-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

m-Nitrobenzoyl J acid 

p-Nitrobenzoyl J acid 

m- Nit rochlorobenzene 

o-Nitrochlorobenzene 

p-Nit rochlorobenzene 

2-Nitro-l-chlorobenzene-4—sulfobutyl amide 

2-Nitro-l-chlorobenzene-"+-sulfodiethylamide 

o-Nltrochlorobenzene-p-sulfonic acid 

p-Nit rochlorobenzene-o-sulfonic acid 

3-Nitro-4— chlorobenzoylbenzoic acid 

'4-Nitro-6-chloro-l,3-dimethoxybenzene 

2-Nitro-'i— chlorophenol 

2-Nitro-4-chlorophenol-6-sulfonic acid 

m-Nitro-p-chlorotoluene 

o-Nitro-p-chlorotoluene 



8-Amino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
4-Amino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
4— Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
2-Mino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
3-Amino-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
3-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
5-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
7-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
l-Amino-2-napthalenesulfonic acid. 
4-Amino-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 
Naphthionic acid. 

5-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
5 (and 8)-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 
8-Araino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
6-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
6-Aniino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
7-Jimino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
8-Aidno-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid. 
7-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid. 
1- ( 1-Naphthylamino ) -2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid. 
Isocyanic acid, 1-naphthyl ester. 
Isocyanic acid, 1-naphthyl ester. 
(2-Naphthylthio) acetic acid. 
1-Naphthalenemethanesulfonic acid. 
(2-Naphthylthlo) acetic acid. 
l-Naphthol-4-sulfonic acid. 
2-Nitro-p-anisidine [NH2=i]. 
5-Nitro-o-anisidine [nH2=i]. 
4-Nitro-o-anisidine [NH2=1]. 
3-Nitro-o-anisidine [NHa^l]- 
4-Mino-2-nitrophenol. 
2-Amino-4-nitrophenol . 
2-Amino-5-nitrophenol. 

6-Amino-'+-nitro-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid. 
2-Amino-6-nitro-l-phenol-4-sulfonic acid. 
2-(p-Aminoanilino)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 
4-Nitro-o-toluidine [nH2=i]. 
2-Amino-5-nltrobenzenesulfonic acid. 
2-Nitro-p-anisidlne [NH2=l]. 
2-Nitro-p-anisidine [ NH2=1] • 
5-Nitro-o-anisidine [ NH2=l] • 
4-Nitro-o-anisidine [ NH2=l] • 

N,N-Diethyl-3-nitro-p-methoxybenzenesulfonamide. 
l-Nitro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid. 
2-Nitro-p-benzenedisulf onic acid . 
^-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
o-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=1]. 
m-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
m-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride [S03Cl=l]. 
6-(m-Nitrobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
6-(p-Nitrobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
l-Chloro-3 -nitrobenzene. 
l-Chloro-2-nitrobenzene . 
l-Chloro-4— nitrobenzene . 

N-Butyl-4-chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide. 
'i-Chloro-N,N-diethyl-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamlde. 
A-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulf onic acid . 
2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 
o-(4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzoyl)benzoic acid. 
6-Chloro-l,3-dimethoxy-4-nltrobenzene. 
<i-Chloro-2-nitrophenol. 

'4-Chloro-6-nitro-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid. 
'4-Chloro-3-nitrotoluene . 
'i-Ghloro-2-nitrotoluene . 



APPENDIX C 



223 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



p-Nitro-o-chlorotoluene 

2-Nitro-<i-chlorotoluene 

m-Nitro-p-oresol [CH3=l] 

Nltrocresyl methyl ether 

Nit ro-p-dichlorobenzene 

o-Nitrodiphenyl 

p-Nitrodiphenyl 

4-Nitro-2-diphenylaminesulfonio acid 

4-Nit rodiphenylamino-2-sulf onic acid 

2-Nitrohydroquinone, diethyl ether 

2-Nitrohydroquinone, dimethyl ether 

3-Nitro-4-hydroxy-l-phenylarsonic acid 

6-Nitro-4-methoxy-3-aminotoluene [CH3=l] 

2-Nitro-<i-methoxy-5-(p-toluenesulfonainido) toluene-- 

4-Nitro-l-methylaniline 

l-Nitro-2-methylanthraquinone 

2-Nitronaphthalene-"i,8-disulfonic acid 

7-Nitro-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

A-Nitronaphthalic acid tolylimide 

2-Nitro-l-phenol-'i,6-disulfonic acid 

3-Nitrophenylhydrazine 

p-(p-Nitrophenylmercapto) aniline 

l-(m-Nitrophenyl)-5-pyrazolone-3-oarboxylic acid--- 

Nit ropyrazolonec arboxy li c acid 

p-Nitrosodiethylaniline 

p-Nitrosodime thy lani line 

Nitroso-P-naphthol 

3-Nitro-5-stearoylamino-p-toluenesulfonio acid 

A-Nitrotolueneanlllde 

6-Nitro-3- (p-toluenesulf one ) amino-4--methoxytoluene- 

■4 -Nitro-p-toluenesulfone-o-toluide 

o-Nitrotoluenesulfonic acid 

p-Nitrotoluene-o-sulfonic acid 

m-Nitro-o-toluidine [CH3=l] 

m-Nitro-p-toluidine [CH3=ll 

p-Nitro-o-toluidine [CH3=l] 

3-Nitro-4-toluidine [CH3=l] 

4-Nitro-2-toluidine [CH3=l]- 

5-Nltro-2-toluidine [GH3=l] 

Nitrotoluidine sulfone 

6-Nitro-o-toluidine-4.-sulfonic acid 

N-("i-Nitro-o-tolyl)-p-toluenesulfonajnide 

5-Nitro-l,2,'+-trlchlorobenzene 

Nitroviolanthrene 

p-Nitro-o-xylene 

<i-Nitro-l,3-xylene 

2-Nitro-l,4-xylol 

4-Nitro-l,3-xylol -- 

Orthanillc acid 

Oxalyl-p-nitro aniline 

Oxalyl-p-nitrophenylamine 

Oxalyl-m-phenyldi amine 

Oxalyl-p-phenyldiamine 

'i-0xo-4H-pyran-2, 6-dicarboxy lie acid 

2-Oxycarbazole 

a-Oxynaphthoic acid 

P-Oxynaphthoic acid 

Pent aanthramide 



2-Chloro-4-nitrotoluene . 

4-Chloro-2-nitrGtoluene . 

2-Nitro-p-cresol [0H=1] . 

4-Methyl-2-nitroani£ole [CH30=l]. 

l,4-Dichloro-2-nitrobenzene. 

2-Nltrobiphenyl. 

4-Nitrobiphenyl . 

2-Anilino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=1]. 

2-Anilino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=1]. 

1 , 4-Di ethoxy- 2-nit robenzene . 

1 , 'i-Diiaethoxy-2-nitrobenzene . 

4- Hydroxy-3-nitrobenzenearsonic acid . 

5-Methyl-4-nitrG-o-anisidlne [ NH2=l]. 

N-(5-Methyl-4-nitro-o-raethoxyphenyl) -p-toluenesulf on- 
amide. 

5-Nitro-o-toluidine [nH2=i]. 

2-Methyl-l-nitroanthraquinone . 

3-Nitro-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

3-Nitro-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

4-Nitro-N-(p-tolyl)naphthalimide. 

6-Nitro-l-phenol-2,4-disulfonic acid. 

m-Nitrophenylhydrazine . 

p-(p-Nitrophenylthio) aniline. 

l-(m-Nitrophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 
acid. 

l-(m-Nitrophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 
acid. 

N,N-Diethyl-p-nitrosoaniline. 

N , N-Dimethyl-p-nitrosoani line . 

l-Nitroso-2-naphthol. 

3-Nitro-5-stearoylamido-p-toluenesulfonic acid 
[S03H=1]. 

5-Nitro-n-phenyl-o-toluldine [ NH2=1] . 

N-(5-Me thy 1-4-nitro-o-methoxyphenyl) -p-toluene- 
sulf onamide. 

4 -Nitro-p-toluenesulf ono-o-toluidide . 

3-Nitro-p-toluenesulfonlc acid [S03H=l]. 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 

4-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH2=l]. 

2-Nitro-p-tolnidine [NH2=l]. 

5-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH2=l]. 

2-Nitro-p-toluidine [ NHa =1] . 

5-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH2=l]. 

4-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH2=l]. 

4' -Nitro-p-toluenesulf ono-o-toluidide. 

4-Amino-5-nitro-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 

4' -Nitro-p-toluenesulf ono-o-toluidide. 

1, 2, 4-Trichloro-5 -nitrobenzene. 

16-Nitroviolanthrone . 

4-Nitro-o-xylene . 

4-Nitro-m-xylene , 

2-Nitro-p-xylene . 

4-Nitro-m-xylene . 



o-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=1], 
4 -Nitrooxanilic acid. 
4 -Nitrooxanilic acid. 
3 '-Aminooxanilide . 
4 '-Aminooxanilide . 
Chelidonic acid. 
2-Hydroxycarbazole. 
l-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid. 
3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid. 



l,4,5,8-TetraM.s[l',l",l '",1 ""-anthraquinonyl- 
aminojanthraquinone . 



224 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 
Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



Peri acid 

Phenethylene 

Phenol, sodium salt 

1-Phenylacetyloarbinol 

3-Phenylaorylophenone 

2-Phenylamine-5-naphthol-7-sulfonlo acid 

2-Phenylamine-8-naphthol-6-sulfonic acid 

N-Pheny laniline . 

Phenylarsoni c acid 

N-Phenylazoanillne 

Pheny Ibiphenyl 

Phenyl bromide 

l-Phenyl-3-carboxy-5-pyrazolone-4-sulfonic acid 

Pheny Idiethanolamine 

M , N -p-Phenylenebis [acet amide ] 

m-Phenylenediaminedisulfonic acid 

m-Phenylenedi aminesu If onic acid 

p-Phenylenedi aminesulf onic acid 

Phenylene nerol acid 

Pheny lethanolamine 

Phenyl gamma acid 

Pheny Ihydrazine-p-sulf onic acid 

Pheny lhydrazine-2-sulf onic acid 

Pheny lhydrazine-3-sulf onic acid 

N-Phenyl-N'-(p-hydroxyethyl) thiourea 

Phenyl isocyanate 

Phenyl J acid 

Pheny Imalonic ester 

Pheny Imethanesulf onic acid 

Phenyl- P-naphthylamine 

N-Phenyl-l-naphthylamine-8-sulfonic acid 

a-Phenyl-p-(<+-oxophenyl)propionio acid 

Phenyl peri acid 

N-Phenyl-p-phenylenediaminesulfonic acid 

l-Phenyl-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid, ethyl ester- 

Phenyl silicon chloride 

Phenylstyryl ketone 

l-Phenyl-4'-sulfo-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid 

Phthalyl chloride 

3-Piperidino-l-propanol 

Piperidinopropyl alcohol 

Potassium-3-chloro-6-carboxy-3'-methoxydiphenylamine- 

n-Propyl-p-nitrobenzoate 

Pseudocuraene 

Pseudocumidine 

PuiTJUroxanthin 

Pyrazoleanthrone 

Pyrazoleanthrone yellow 

3-Pyrazolin-4-ylacetlc acid . 

3 -Pyrazolone 

5 -Pyrazolone 

Pyrazolone G 

Pyrazolone T 

2 -Pyridy lethanol 

R acid 

2R acid— 

Red KB base 

Rhoduline acid 



8-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Styrene . 

Sodium phenoxide. 

l-Hydroxy-l-phenyl-2-propanone . 

Chalcone. 

6-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonio acid. 

7-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 

Diphenylamine . 

Benzenearsonic acid. 

1,3-Diphenyltriazene. 

Tei^henyl. 

Bromobenzene . 

5-Oxo-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-oarboxylic 

acid. 
2 , 2 '- ( Pheny limino ) diethanol . 
N,N -(p-Phenylene)bis[acetamide]. 
4-,6-Diamino-m-benzenedisulfonic acid. 
Sj-i-Diaminobenzenesulfonic acid. 
2,5-Diaminobenzenesulfonic acid. 
5-Amino-2-(p-aminoanilino)benzenesulfonic acid. 
2- Ani linoethanol . 

7-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid . 
p-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
o-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
m-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
1- ( 2-Hydroxyethyl ) -3-phenyl-2-thiourea . 
Isocyanic acid, phenyl ester. 
6-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
Phenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester. 
a-Toluenesulfonic acid. 
N-Phenyl-2-naphthylamine . 
8-Ani lino- 1-naphthalenesulf onic acid. 
a-Phenyiphloretic acid. 
8-Anilino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
5-Amino-2-anilinobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
5-0xo-l-phenyl-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid, 

ethyl ester. 
Trichlorophenylsilane . 
Chalone . 
5-0xo-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 

acid. 
Phthaloyl chloride. 
l-Piperidinepropanol . 
l-Piperidinepropanol . 
4-Chloro-N-(m-methoxyphenyl)anthranilic acid, 

potassium salt [COOH=l]. 
p-Nitrobenzoic acid, n-propyl ester. 
1,2,<+-Trimethylbenzene. 
2,4,5 -Trimethylaniline . 
Xanthopurpurin . 
Anthra[l,9]pyrazol-6(2H)-one. 

[3,3'-Bianthra[l,9]pyrazole]-6,6'(2H,2'H)-dione. 
3-Pyrazoline-<i— acetic acid. 
3-Pyrazolin-5-one . 
2-Pyrazolin-5-one . 
p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazoliJi-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 

acid. 
5-Oxo-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-oarboxylic 

acid. 
2-Pyridineethanol . 



2-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
7-Amlno-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
5-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=l]. 
6,6 '-Imlnobis[l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid] . 



APPENDIX C 
Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



225 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



S Acid 

2S (SS) acid 

Schaeffer's acid 

Silver salt 

Sod ium c arbo late 

Sodium naphthionate 

Sodium phenate 

Sodium phenolate 

Sodium-o-phenylphenolate 

Sodium tetrachlorophenolate 

Sodium trichlorophenolate 

Styrol 

Sulfo BB acid- 

o-Sulfobenzaldehyde 

4-Sulfo-o-benzoylbenzoic acid 

l-Sulfo-S-nitroanthraquinone 

Sulfophenylmethylpyrazolone 

l-Sulfophenyl-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid — 



Tetraaminoditolylmethane 

Tetrachloro-p-benzoquinone 

Tetrachloroquinone 

Tetraethyldi aminobenzhydrol 

Tetraethyldiaminobenzophenone 

Tetraethyldi aminodiphenylmethane 

Tetraethyldi aminotriphenylmethane 

Tetrahydrophthalimide 

Tet ramethyldi aminoacridine hydrochloride 

Tetramethyldiaininobenzophenone 

Tet ramethyldi aminobenzoylhydrol 

Tetramethyldi aminodiphenylmethane 

Tetramethyldi aminotriphenylmethane 

Thioaniline 

Thioanilinedisulfonic acid 

p,p -Thiobis(<i-amino-o-benzenesulfonic acid) 

Thiosalicylic acid 

Tobias acid 

a-Toluamide 

Toluene-2,A-diisocyanate 

p-Toluenesulf ochloride 

'i-Toluenesulfonamido-1-aminoanthraquinonesulfonic 
acid. 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid 

Toluene-Sj'ije-triol 

4-Toluic acid 

a-Toluic acid 

m-Toluidine-o-sulfonic acid 

m-Toluidine-p-sulfonic acid 

o-Toluidine-m-sulfonic acid 

o-Toluidine-omega-sulfonic acid 

p-Toluidine-m-sulfonic acid 

p-Toluidine-o-sulfonic acid 

p-Toluidine-o-sulfonic acid, isopropyl ester 

3-Toluidine-6-sulfonic acid 

6-(p-Toluidino)metanilic acid 

a-Tolunitrile 

•i-Tolunitrile - • 

l,3-(p-Tolylamino)anthraquinone 

p-Tolyl-o-benzoic acid 

o-Tolylcarblnol 

Tolylenediamine 

p-m-Tolylenedi amine 

4-m-Tolylenedi amine 



8-Amino-l-naphthol-5-sulfonic acid. 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonic acid. 

2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid. 

2-Anthraquinonesulfonic acid, sodium salt. 

Sodium phenoxide . 

Naphthionic acid, sodium salt. 

Sodium phenoxide. 

Sodium phenoxide. 

o-Phenylphenol, sodium salt. 

2,3,4,6-Tetrachlorophenol, sodium salt. 

2,4-,5-Trichlorophenol, sodium salt. 

Styrene . 

2-Benzoyl-i-sulfobenzoic acid [COOH=l]. 

o-Forraylbenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 

2-Benzoyl-4-sulfobenzoic acid [COOH=l]. 

5-Nitro-l-anthraquinonesulfonic acid. 

p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 

acid. 
5-Oxo-l- (p-sulf ophenyl) -2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 

acid. 



5,5'-Methylenebis [toluene-2,4-diamine] . 

Chloranil. 

Chloranil. 

A, 4 -Bis [diethylamlno]ben2hydrol. 

■4,4 -Bis [diethylamino]benzophenone. 

4,4 -Methylenebis[N,N-diethylaniline] . 

4 , 4 -Benzylidenebis [ N , N-diethylaniline ] . 

4-Cyclohexene-l, 2-dicarboximide . 

2, 7-Bis [dimethylamino] acridine hydrochloride . 

4,4 -Bis[dimethylamino]benzophenone. 

4,4 -Bis [ diethylami no] benzhydrol . 

4,4 -Methylenebis [N,N-dimethylaniline] . 

4,4 -Benzylidinebis[N,N-dimethylaniline] . 

4,4 -Thiodianiline. 

6,6'-Thiodimetanilic acid [S03H=l]. 

6,6'-Thiodimetanilic acid [S03H=l]. 

o-Mercaptobenzoic acid [COOH=l]. 

2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 

2-Phenylacetamide . 

Isocyanic acid, 4(and 2) -methyl -m-phenylene ester. 

p-Toluenesulfonyl chloride [S02Cl=l]. 

l-Amino-4-(p-toluenesulfonamido)-2-anthraquinone- 

sulfonic acid. 
p-Toluenesulfonic acid, methyl ester [S03H=l]. 
2-Methylphloroglucinol. 
p-Toluic acid [COOH=l] . 
Phenylacetic acid. 

4-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid [303^=1]. 
2-Amino-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
4-Amino-ra-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
(o-Toluidino)methanesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
6-Amino-ra-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
5-Amlno-o-toluenesulfonic acid [SOsH^l]. 
5-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid, isopropyl ester 

[S03H=l]. 
4-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
5-Amino-2-(p-toluidino)benzenesulfonic acid. 
Phenylacetonitrile . 
p-Tolunitrile . 

1, 3-Di (p-toluidino ) anthraquinone . 
o-(p-Tolyl)benzoic acid [COOH=l]. 
o-Methylbenzyl alcohol. 
Toluenedi amine . 
Toluene-2,5-diamine. 
Toluene-2,4-diamine . 



226 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



5-m-Tolylenediamine 

m-Tolylenediaminesulfonic acid 

m-Tolylene diisocyanates 

[ 3- (p-Tolyl)-l-methyltriazeno] acetic acid 

Tolyl peri acid 

aj-^jB-Triaminobenzene trihydroohloride 

2,^,6-Triaminotoluene trihydrochloride 

Trianthraquinonyldi-imide 

1,4.-Trianthrimide 

Trichlorophenylsilicane 

1,2,'i-Trihydroxyanthraquinone 

1,2,6-Trihydroxyanthraquinone 

2,'+,6-Trihydroxytoluene 

1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene 

,2,'i,6-Trimethylpyridlne 

Trinitrophenol 

2,4,6-Trinitroresorcin 

1,2,'i-Trioxyanthraquinone 

1,3,5-TriphenyIhexahydro-s-triazine 

Triphenyl silicon chloride 

3 , 3 '-Ureyleneani line 

Vinylbenzene 

Vinyltoluene 

Violanthrene 

Xenylamine 

m-Xylidine acetate 

m-Xylidinesulfonic acid 

Xyly 1 chloride 



Toluene -3 , 5 -di amine . 

<V,6-Diamino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 

Isocyanic acid, 4-(and2) -methyl -m-phenylene ester. 

[3-(p-Tolyl)-l-methyltriazen-3-ylj acetic acid. 

8-(p-Toluidino)-l-naphthalenesulfonlc acid. 

1,3,5-Benzenetriamine trihydrochloride. 

Toluene-2,A,6-trlamine trihydrochloride. 

1,4-Bis [l-anthraquinonylamino] anthraquinone . 

1,A-Bis [l-anthraqulnonylamino] anthraquinone . 

Trichlorophenylsllane . 

Purpurin . 

F lavopurpu rin . 

2-Methylphloroglucinol . 

Mesitylene . 

s-Collidine. 

Picric acid. 

Styphnlc acid. 

Purpurin . 

Hexahydro-1, 3 , 5-triphenyl-s-triazine . 

Chlorotriphenylsilane . 

3,3' -Dlaminocarbanllide . 



Styrene . 

Methylstyrene. ' 

Dinaphtho[l,2,3-cd,3',2',l'-lm]perylene. 



4 -Bipheny lamine . 
2,4-Xylidine acetate. 

2-Amino-3,5-xylenesulfonlc acid [S03H=l], 
<4-Chloro-m- xylene . 



APPENDIX D 
D. Cross-Reference List of Colour Index and Common Names of Toners and Lakes 



227 



In previous reports in this series, individual toners and lakes were identified by the names 
by which they were most commonly known in the literature and in the trade. In this report, they 
are identified by the names used in the second edition of Colour Index. 

To facilitate comparison of the statistics shown in this report and those given in the reports 
for earlier years, the following cross-reference list has been compiled. The list gives, for each 
Colour Index name used in tables HA, 12, and 1 IB of this report, the corresponding name by which 
the pigment was identified in earlier reports. 



Toners and lakes: Cross-reference list o/ Colour Index and common names 



Colour Index name 



Common name 



Natural Black 3— - 

Pigment Blue 1 

Pigment Blue 9 

Pigment Blue 14 — 
Pigment Blue 15 — 
Pigment Blue 19—- 
Pigment Blue 24t — 
Pigment Blue 25 — 
Pigment Green 1 — 
Pigment Green 2 — 
Pigment Green 4- — 
Pigment Green 7 — 
Pigment Green 8 — 
Pigment Orange 2 — 
Pigment Orange 5-- 
Pigment Orange 13- 
Pigment Orange 16- 

Acid Red 26 

Pigment Red 1 

Pigment Red 2 

Pigment Red 3 

Pigment Red 4 

Pigment Red 5 

Pigment Red 17 

Pigment Red 18 

Pigment Red 22 

Pigment Red 23 

Pigment Red 38 

Pigment Red 41 

Pigment Red 48 

Pigment Red 49 

Pigment Red 52 

Pigment Red 53 

Pigment Red 57 

Pigment Red 60 

Pigment Red 63 

Pigment Red 81 

Pigment Red 83 

Pigment Red 90 

Pigment Violet 1-- 
Pigment Violet 3— 
Pigment Violet 5-- 

Aoid Yellow 23 

Basic Yellow 2 

Pigment Yellow 1-- 
Pigment Yellow 3-- 
Pigment Yellow 12- 
Pigment Yellow 13- 
Pigment Yellow 14- 



Logwood black. 

Victoria pure blue B. 

Setoglaucine. 

Ethyl violet. 

Phthalocyanine blue B, BG. 

Alkali blue. 

Peacock blue, fugitive. 

Dianisidine blue. 

Brilliant green. 

Brilliant green and thioflavlne. 

Malachite green. 

Phthalocyanine green. 

Pigment green B. 

o-Nitroaniline orange. 

2,4-Dinitroaniline orange. 

Benzidine orange. 

Dianisidine orange. 

Scarlet 2R. 

Para red. 

Naphthol AS and dca. 

Toluidine red. 

o-Chloro-p-nitroanillne red. 

Naphthol AS-ITR and ITR base. 

Naphthol AS-D and pnot. 

Toluidine maroon. 

Naphthol AS and pnot. 

Naphthol AS-BS and pnoa. 

I^azolone red. 

Dianisidine red. 

Permanent red 23. 

Lithol red R. 

Llthol red 2G. 

Red lake C. 

Lithol rubine B. 

Pigment scarlet 33. 

B.O.N, maroon. 

Rhodamine 6G. 

Alizarin red B. 

Eosine. 

Rhodamine B. 

Methyl violet B. 

Helio fast rubine 4BL. 

Tartrazine . 

Aur amine. 

Hansa yellow G. 

Hansa yellow lOG. 

Benzidine yellow (deb and aaa). 

Benzidine yellow (deb and aamx). 

Benzidine yellow (deb and aaot). 



U. S. GOVERNMENT PRDiTINC OFFICE: 1961 O - 608091 



REPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION ON THE OPERATION 
OF THE TRADE AGREEMENTS PROGRAM 

♦Operation of the Trade Agreements Program, June 1934 to April 1948 (Rept. No. 160, 2d ser., 1949): 
Part I. Summary 

Part II. History of the Trade Agreements Program 

Part HI. Trade-Agreement Concessions Granted by the United States 
Part IV. Trade-Agreement Concessions Obtained by the United Slates 
Part V. Effects of the Trade Agreements Program on United States Trade 

♦Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Second Report, April 1948-March 1949 (Rept. No. 
163, 2d ser., 1950) 

♦Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Third Report, April 1949-June 1950 (Rept. No. 172, 
2d ser., 1951) 

♦Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Fourth Report, July 1950-June 1951 (Rept. No. 
174, 2d ser., 1952) 

♦Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Fifth Report, July 1951-June 1952 (Rept. No. 191, 
2d ser., 1954) 

♦Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Sixth Report, July 1952-June 1953 (Rept. No. 193, 
2d ser., 1954) 

♦Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Seventh Report, July 1953-June 1954 (Rept. No. 
195, 2d ser., 1955) 

Operation of the Trade Agreements Program : Eighth Report, July 1954^June 1955 (Rept. No. 197, 

2d ser., 1956), 550 
♦Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Ninth Report, Julv 1955-June 1956 (Rept. No. 199, 

2d ser., 1957) 
♦Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: 10th Report, July 1956-June 1957 (Rept. No. 202, 

2d ser., 1959) 
Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: 11th Report, July 1957- June 1958 (Rept. No. 204, 

2d ser., 1959), 60^ 
Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: 12th Report, July 1958-June 1959 (TC Publication 

9), 55^ 



I 



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