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Full text of "Synthetic organic chemicals"

BOSTON 

PUBLIC 
LIBRARY 




UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

United States Production 
and Sales, 1968 



UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF 
SECTION 332 OF THE TARIFF 
ACT OF 1930, AS AMENDED 



U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
WASHINGTON : 1970 



TC Publication 327 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Glenn W. Sutton, Chairman 
Penelope H. Thunberg 
Bruce E. Clubb 
Will E. Leonard, Jr. 
Herschel D. Newsom 
George M. Moore 

Kenneth R. Mason, Secretary 



Address all communications 

UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Washington, D.C. 20436 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 — Price 



CONTENTS 

Page 

Introduction 1 

Summary 3 

Tar and tar crudes 7 

Crude products from petroleum and natural gas 

for chemical conversion 15 

Cyclic intermediates 21 

Dyes 53 

Pigments 95 

Medicinal chemicals 107 

Flavor and perfume materials 129 

Plastics and resin materials 141 

Rubber- processing chemicals 153 

Elastomers 161 

Plasticizers 165 

Surface- active agents 173 

Pesticides and related products 197 

Miscellaneous chemicals 209 

Appendix: 

Directory of manufacturers 245 

U. S. imports of benzenoid intermediates and 

and finished benzenoid products 265 



lU 



INTRODUCTION 

This is the fifty-second annual report of the U.S. Tariff Commission on domestic production 
and sales of synthetic organic chemicals and the raw materials from which they are made. The 
format of the annual report has been changed somewhat from that used in previous years, but the 
general contents remain the same. Tlie report is made up of fourteen sections, each covering a 
specified group (based principally on use) of synthetic organic chemicals as follows: tar and 
tar crudes; crude products from petroleuiii and natural gas; intermediates; dyes; benzenoid pigments; 
medicinal chemicals; flavor and perfume materials; plastics and resin materials; rubber-processing 
chemicals; elastomers; plasticizers; surface-active agents; pesticides and related products; and 
miscellaneous organic chemicals. 

This report covers U.S. production and sales of all synthetic organic chemicals for which the 
volume of production or sales exceeded 1,000 pounds or for which the value of sales exceeded $1,000, 
and identifies the manufacturers of each. 

The data given in this report were supplied by approximately 800 comjianies. Each reporting 
company has been assigned an identification symbol consisting of a combination of not more than 
three capital letters, selected in most instances with tlie approval of the manufacturer and, when- 
ever possible, bearing some relationship to the company name. Tlie identification symbols are perm- 
anently assigned, and except for such clianges as may be required, will continue to be used in future 
reports in this series. The company identification codes and their names and addresses are listed 
in the Appendix, table 1 and 2. 

The raw materials referred to in this report are obtained from coal, crude petroleum, natural 
gas, and certain other materials such as vegetable oils, fats, rosin and grains. With few exceptions, 
the report does not cover organic chemicals that are derived from natural (vegetable) sources by 
simple extraction or distillation. Crude organic chemicals are derived from coal by thermal decora- 
position, from petroleum and natural gas by catalytic crackiiig and by distillation or absorption, 
and from other natural sources by ferr.ientation. Production of these crude organic chemicals is the 
first step in the manufacture of synthetic organic chemicals. From these crudes, intermediates are 
obtained by synthesis or refining; most of the intermediates are then converted into finished 
chemical products, such as medicinal chemicals, plastics and resin materials, and dyes. Hore than 
half of the total production of interraediates is not sold directly to the ultimate consumer, but is 
used by the producing companies themselves in their manufacturing processes. The statistics given 
in this report include data for all known domestic producers of the items covered. 

In this report the statistics on production of the individual chemicals reported by manufac- 
turers include the total output of tlie companies' plants, i.e., the quantities produced for con- 
sumption within the producing plants, as well as the quantities produced for domestic and foreign 
sale. The quantities reported as produced, therefore, generally exceed the quantities reported as 
sold. Some of these differences, however, are attributable to changes in inventories. As specified 
in the reporting instructions that the Commission sends to manufacturers, and as used in this 
report, production and sales (unless otlierwise specifically indicated) are defined as follows: 

Production is the total quantity of a commodity made available by original manufacture only. 
It is the sum (expressed in terms of 100-percent active ingredient unless otherwise specified) of 
the quantities of a commodity-- 

(1) Produced, separated, and consumed in the sarnie plant or establishment (a commodity is con- 

sidered to be separated when it is isolated from tlie reaction system and/or when it is 
weighed, analyzed, or otherwise measured). Byproducts and coproducts not classified 
as waste materials are also included; 

(2) Produced and transferred to other plants or establishments of tlie same firm; 

(3) Produced and sold to other firr.is (including production for others under toll agreements'); 

and 

(4) Produced and held in stock. 



A toll agreement is an agreement between two firms, under which one firm furnishes the raw materials 
and pays the processing costs and the other firm prepares the finished product and returns it to the 
first firm. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



Production excludes- 



(1) Purification of a commodity unless specifically requested in the reporting instructions; 

(2) Intermediate products that are formed in the manufacturing process but are not isolated 

from the reaction systera--that is, not weiglied, analyzed, or otherwise measured; and 

(3) Materials that are used in the process but are recovered for reuse or sale; and waste 

products that have no economic significance. 

Sales are defined as actual sales of commodities by original manufaoturers only. Sales include-- 

Cl) Shipments of corunodities for domestic use and for export, or segregation in a warehouse 

when title has passed to the purchaser in a bonafide sale; 
[2] Shipments of a commodity produced by others under toll agreements; and 
(3) Shipments to subsidiary or affiliated companies. 

Sales exclude-- 

Cl) All intracompany transfers within a corporate entity; 

(2) All sales of purchased conraodities; and 

(3) All shipments of a commodity produced for others under toll agreements. 

The value of a sale is the net selling price, f.o.b. plant or warehouse, or delivered value, 
whichever represents the normal industry practice. 

Data on the chemicals covered in this report are usually given in terms of undiluted materials. 
Products of 95 percent or more purity are considered to be 100 percent pure. Tlie principal excep- 
tions are the statistics on dyes and a few solvents, which are i-eported in terms of commercial 
concentrations, and the statistics on certain plastics and resins, which are reported on a dry basis. 
The report specifically notes those products for which the statistics are reported in terms of 
commercial concentrations. 

The average unit values of sales for groups of products shown in the tables accompanying this 
report are the averages for products which vary widely in unit values and in the quantities sold. 

Statistics are presented in as great detail as is possible without revealing the operations of 
individual producers. Statistics for an individual chemical or group of chemicals are given only 
where there are three or more producers no one or two of which nay be predominant. Moreover, even 
when there are three or more producers, statistics are not given if there is any possibility that 
their publication would violate the statutory provisions relating to unlav/ful disclosure of infor- 
mation accepted in confidence by the Commission.^ 

Statistics on tars and tar crudes include data furnished directly to the Tariff Commission by 
distillers of coal tar, water-gas tar, and oil-gas tar, and data furnished to the Division of Bitu- 
minous Coal, U.S. Bureau of Mines, by coke-oven operators. 

Statistics on U.S. general imports in 1968 of benzenoid intermediates and finished benzenoid 
products that entered under schedule 4, parts IB and IC, of the Tariff Schedules of the United 
States are given in the Appendix. 

Information on synonymous names of organic chemicals included in this report may be found in 
the SOCMA Handbook: Comrrtercial Organic Cliemical Homes, recently published by the Chemical Abstracts 
Service of the American Chemical Society, or the Colour Index (2d edition), published in 1956 by the 
Society of Dyers and Colourists. 



^Sec. 5, U.S.C. 139b and sec. 18, U.S.C. 1905. 



SUMMARY 

Combined production of all synthetic organic chemicals, tars, tar crudes, and crude products from petroleum 
and natural gas in 1968 was 199,787 million pounds--an increase of 13.2 percent over the output in 1967 (see 
table 1). Sales of these materials in 1968, which totaled 108,766 million pounds, valued at $12,520 million, 
were 15.3 percent larger than in 1967 in terms of quantity and 10.1 percent larger in terms of value. These' 
figures include data on production and sales of chemicals measured at several successive steps in the manufac- 
turing process, and therefore they necessarily reflect some duplication. 

In 1968, production of all synthetic organic chemicals, including cyclic intermediates and finished chemical 
products, totaled 120,318 million pounds, or 14.9 percent more than the output in 1967 (see table 1). Production 
of cyclic intermediates (25,014 million pounds) was 20.3 percent larger in 1968 than in 1967; that of plastics 
and resin materials (16,360 million pounds) was 18.6 percent larger; that of rubber-processing chemicals (313 mil- 
lion pounds) was 18.4 percent larger; and production of pesticides and related products and miscellaneous chemical 
were more than 13 percent larger in 1968 than in 1967. 

The output of other groups of synthetic organic chemicals which increased in 1968 compared to 1967 were 
elastomers (11.7 percent), dyes (9.8 percent), surface-active agents (7.5 percent), plasticizers and flavor and 
perfume materials (5.4 and 5.3 percent larger). Pigments increased in production by less than 1 percent and 
medicinal chemicals decreased by 1.6 percent. 

TABLE 1 .--Synthetic organic chemicals and their ra^ materials: U.S. production and sales, 1067 and 1968 



Mi I lion 

pounds 



Million 
pounds 



Increase 

or 

decrease 

(-), 1968 

over 

1967' 



Increase 

or 

decrease 

(-), 1968 

over 

1967' 



Increase 

or 

decrease 

C-), 1968 

over 

1967' 



Grand total' 

Tar 

Tar crudes 

Crude products from petroleum 
and natural gas 

Synthetic organic chemicals, 
total^ 

Intermediates 

Dyes 

Benzenoid pigments 

Medicinal chemicals 

Flavor and perfume materials 
Plastics and' resin materials 
Rubber-processing chemicals- 
Elastomers (synthetic 

rubbers) 

Plasticizers 

Surface-active agents 

Pesticides and related 

products 

Miscellaneous chemicals 



Percent 
13.2 



Million 
pounds 



Million 
pounds 



Percent 
15.3 



Million 
dollars 



Million 
dollars 



7,803 
9,588 



7,608 
9,845 



-2.5 
2.7 



3,547 
6,132 



55,177 



,580 
,418 



4.7 
16.1 



136 
858 



138 
920 

11,526 



20,793 
206 



112 

13,793 

264 

3,823 
1,263 
3,479 

1,050 
59,696 



25,014 
226 
54 
177 
117 

16,360 
313 

4.268 
1.331 
3,739 

1,192 
67,525 



20.3 

9.8 

.8 

-1.6 
5.3 

18.6 

18.4 

11.7 
5.4 
7.5 

13.6 
13.1 



,461 
199 



11,977 
201 

3,262 
1,162 
1,750 



11,328 
215 
46 
123 
109 

14,397 
236 

3,563 
1,239 
1,998 

960 
30,366 



19.7 


1,000 


1,131 


8.1 


332 


370 


6.9 


108 


120 


-3.5 


385 


415 


12.6 


93 


97 


20.2 


2,673 


2,907 


17. S 


132 


151 


9 .2 


874 


9 73 


6.6 


261 


280 


14.2 


317 


357 


6.9 


787 


849 


16.8 


3,476 


3,875 



Percent 
10.1 



7.7 
1.4 



11.3 
7.2 
12.6 

7.9 
11.5 



Percentages calculated from figures rounded to thousands. 
Because of rounding, figures may not add to the totals shown. 



4 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

General 

On the basis of their principal uses, the synthetic organic chemicals covered in this report are classified 
either as intermediates or as finished products. Finished products, in turn, are grouped as follows: Dyes, 
benzenoid pigments, medicinal chemicals, flavor and perfume materials, plastics and resin materials, rubber- 
processing chemicals, elastomers Csynthetic rubbers), plasticizers, surface-active agents, pesticides and related 
products, and miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals. Most of these groups are further subdivided, according 
to chemical classes, into cyclic and acyclic compounds. As most of the intermediates are used in the manufacture 
of finished products, aggregate figures that cover both intermediates and finished products necessarily include 
considerable duplication. 

Total production of synthetic organic chemicals (intermediates and finished products combined) in 1968 was 
120,318 million pounds, or 14.9 percent more than the output of 104,711 million pounds reported for 1967 (see 
table 6). Sales of synthetic organic chemicals in 1968 amounted to 64,578 million pounds, valued at $11,526 
million, compared with 55,177 million pounds, valued at $10,438 million, in 1967. Production of all cyclic products 
(intermediates and finished products combined) in 1968 totaled 39,406 million pounds, or 17.7 percent more than 
the 33,479 million pounds produced in 1967. The output of acyclic organic chemicals in 1968 amounted to 80,912 
million pounds--13.6 percent more than the 71,232 million pounds reported for 1967. 



TABLE 2 .--Synthetic organic chemicals; Summary of U.S. production and sales 

average 1957-59, annual 1967 and 1968 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value ir 



ntermediates and finished products. 



thousands of dolla 



Average 
1957-59 



Increase, or decrease (-) 



1968 over 
1967 



Organic chemicals, cyclic and acyclic 
grand total: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Cyclic, total: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic, total: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

1. Cyclio Intermediates 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

2. Dyes 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

3. Benzenoid Pigments 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



45,598,853 
23,744,812 
5,743,764 



14,381,651 
8,829.037 
2,785,100 



31,217,202 
14,915,775 
2,958,664 



7,343,167 

2,919,264 

481,920 



150,830 
141,731 
182,513 



38,603 
30,218 
58,648 



104,711,357 
55,176,823 
10,438,453 



33,479,469 
19,328,628 
4,610,293 



71,231,888 
35,848,195 
5,828,160 



20,793,132 
9,461,180 
1,000,359 



206,240 
198,592 
332,049 



120,317,519 
64,578,316 
11,525,618 



39,405,527 
22,264,656 
5,088,853 



80,911,992 
42,313,660 
6,4 36,765 



25,013,938 
11,328,129 
1,131,433 



226,498 
214,661 
370,196 



53,749 
45,810 
119,934 



164.0 
172.0 
100.5 



174.0 
152.2 

82.7 



159. 
183. 
117. 



240.6 
288.0 
134.8 



13.6 
18.0 



9.8 
8.1 
11.5 



39.2 
51.6 
104.5 



See footnote at end of table. 



TABLE 2 . --Synthetic organic chemicals; Summary of U.S. production and sales of intermediates and finished products, 
average 1957-59, annual 1967 and 1968— Continued 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



Average 
1957-59 



Increase, or decrease (-) 



1968 over 
1957-59 



4. Medicinal Chemicals 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

5. Flcmor and Perfume Materials 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

6. Plastics and Resin Materials 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

7. Rubber-Processing Chemicals 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

8. Elastomers (Synthetic Rubbers) 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

9. Plasticizers 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



70,654 

54,151 

535,297 

31,592 
28,738 
35,660 



27,312 
22,446 
33,903 

19,033 
19,958 
21,912 



2,278,862 

1,900,032 

518,501 

2,628,779 

2,438,853 

864,523 



159 


182 


115 


704 


74 


479 


29 


150 


22 


127 


14 


289 



1,938,732 

1,726,757 

404,897 

521,811 
509,262 
199,627 



348,210 
297,423 
83,509 

118,118 
100,984 
38,772 



110,129 

70,120 

348.873 



57,978 
47,285 
52,866 

53,558 
49,311 
40,495 



5,033,497 
4,224,121 
1,036,940 

8,759,452 
7,753,242 
1,635,690 



220,139 
169,970 
116,318 

43,994 
30,878 
15,477 



2,297,637 

1,940,099 

439,580 

1,524,908 

1,321,945 

434,657 



929,871 
865,084 
167,827 

332,908 
296,767 
93,142 



113 


200 


77 


184 


383 


570 


64 


021 


45 


349 


31 


354 



60,271 
49,708 
52,435 

57,188 
59,058 
44,825 



5,898,645 
4,901,793 
1,121,366 

10,461,020 
9,495,658 
1,785,605 



263,554 
199,357 
132,880 

49,093 
36,583 
18,388 



2,563,065 

2,017,026 

479,058 

1,705,021 

1,545,678 

494,099 



985,101 
918,482 
177,725 

346,075 
320,182 
102,048 



(') 

102. 
(') 



200. 
195. 
104. 



158.8 
158.0 
116.3 



65.3 
28.3 



226.8 
203.5 

147.5 



182.9 
208.8 
112.8 

193.0 
217.1 
163.2 



See footnote at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



TABLE 2.--Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of U.S. production and sales of intermediates and finished products, 
average 1957-59, annual 1967 and 1968— Continued 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



Increase, or decrease {-) 



1968 over 
1957-59 



1968 over 
1966 



20, Siwface-Active Agents 



Cyclic: 

Production-- 

Sales 

Sales value- 
Acyclic : 

Production-- 

Sales 

Sales value- 



11. Pesticides and Related Pfoduats 



Cyclic: 

Production-- 

Sales 

Sales value- 
Acyclic: 

Production-- 

Sales 

Sales value- 



12. Miscellaneous Chemicals 



Cyclic: 

Production-- 

Sales 

Sales value- 
Acyclic : 

Production-- 

Sales 

Sales value- 



852,314 
800,432 
127,936 

502,715 
432,135 
113,215 



440,384 
375,627 
150,837 



105,080 
91,938 
49,049 



733,401 
445,252 
132,660 



27,260,924 
11,271,780 
1,621,617 



1,418,444 
852,238 
95,810 

2,060,851 
897,786 
220,877 



823,158 
681,532 
627,742 



226,505 
215,831 
159,301 



1,535,922 
775,540 
283,575 

58,159.771 

25,225,631 

3,192,119 



1,500,310 
887,339 
102,658 

2,239,072 

1,110,878 

254,074 



929,548 
722,661 
697,295 



262,812 
236,970 
151,945 



1,797,648 
902,506 
320,303 

65,727,690 
29,463,304 

3,554,427 



(') 
(') 



150.1 
157.7 
209.8 



145.1 
102.7 
141.4 

141.1 
161.4 
118.6 



13.0 
16.8 



Dt comparable with those for average 1957-59. 



The following tabulation shows, by chemical groups, the number of companies that reported production in 1968 of 
one or more of the chemicals included in the groups listed in table 6: 



Numbev 
Chemical group of 

companies 
Cyclic Intermediates 217 



Dyes- 



49 



Benzenoid pigments 34 

Medicinal chemicals 109 

Flavor and perfume materials 52 

Plastics and resin materials 288 



Number 

of 

companies 



Chemical group 

Rubber-processing chemicals 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers} 32 

Plasticizers 58 

Surface-active agents 207 

Pesticides and related products 89 

Miscellaneous chemicals 330 



TAR AND TAR CRUDES 



Tar 



Coal tar is produced chiefly by the steel industry as a byproduct of 
the manufacture of coke; water-gas tar and oil-gas tar are produced by the 
fuel-gas industry. Production of coal tar, therefore, depends on the 
demand for steel; production of water-gas tar and oil-gas tar reflects 
the consumption of manufactured gas for industrial and household use. 
Water-gas and oil-gas tars have properties intermediate between those of 
petroleum asphalts and coal tars. Petroleum asphalts are not usually 
considered to be raw materials for chemicals. 

The quantity of tar produced from coal in the United States in 1968 
was 761 million gallons, or 2.5 percent less than the 780 million gallons 
produced in 1967 (see table 1). U.S. production of water-gas and oil-gas 
tars was not reported to the Commission for 1967 or 1968; production of 
these tars amounted to 19 million gallons in 1962, the last year for which 
production was reported to the Tariff Commission. 

Consumption of tar in 1968 amounted to 751 million gallons, of which 
644 million gallons was consumed in distillation and in other uses (by 
tar distillers), 105 million gallons were used as fuel, and 2 million gal- 
lons were consumed by coke-oven operators in miscellaneous uses (see table 
2). Table 4 lists tar products and identifies the manufacturers. 

Tar Crudes 

Tar crudes are obtained from coke-oven gas and by distilling coal tar, 
water-gas tar, and oil- gas tar. The most important tar crudes are benzene, 
toluene, xylene, naphthalene, creosote oil, and pitch of tar. Some of 
these products are identical with those obtained from petroleum. Data 
for materials derived from petroleum are included, for the most part, with 
the statistics for like materials derived from coke-oven gas and tars, and 
are shown in tables 1 and 3. 

Domestic production of industrial and specification grades of benzene 
reported by coke-oven operators and petroleum refinery operators^ in 1968 
amounted to 1,000 million gallons--3.2 percent more than the 969 million 
gallons reported for 1967. These statistics include data for benzene 
produced from light oil and petroleum. Sales of benzene by coke-oven 
operators and petroleum operators in 1968 amounted to 614 million gallons, 
valued at $130 million, compared with 564 million gallons, valued at $135 
million, in 1967. In 1968 the output of toluene^ (including material 
produced for use in blending in aviation fuel) amounted to 695 million 
gallons--8.0 percent more than the 644 million gallons reported for 1967. 
Sales of toluene in 1968 were 442 million gallons, valued at $76 million, 
compared with 385 million gallons, valued at $72 million, in 1967. The 
output of xylene ^ in 1968 (including that produced for blending in motor 

^ Statistics on production and sales of benzene, toluene, and xylene 
by tar distillers cannot be shown because publication would reveal the 
operations of individual companies. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



fuels) was 537 million gallons, compared with 455 million gallons in 
1967. About 99 percent of the 537 million gallons of xylene produced 
in 1968 was obtained from petroleum sources. 

Production of crude naphthalene in 1968 (including 376 million 
pounds of petroleum-derived naphthalene) amounted to 902 million pounds, 
compared with 898 million pounds in 1967. In 1968 the output of 
creosote oil for wood preservation was 127 million gallons (100 percent 
creosote basis), compared with 126 million gallons in 1967. Production 
of road tar in 1968 was 56 million gallons, compared with 50 million 
gallons in 1967. 

Some of the products included in the statistics in table 3 are de- 
rived from other products for which data are also included in the table. 
The statistics, therefore, involve considerable duplication, and for 
this reason no group totals or grand totals are given. It is estimated 
that, after duplication has been eliminated insofar as possible, the net 
value of the output (from all sources) of these products and of tar 
burned as fuel was $574 million in 1968, compared with $597 million in 
1967 and $552 million in 1966. The total value of sales of those 
products derived from coke-oven gas and tars, shown in table 3, amounted 
to $138 million in 1968, compared with $136 million in 1967. Table 4 
lists crude tar products and identifies the manufacturers. 



TAR AND TAR CRUDES 



TABLE l.--Tar and tar crudes: Sunmaiy of U.S. production of specified products, average 1957-59, 

annual 196? and 1968 

[Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published 
or where no data were reported] 



Unit 

of 

quantity 



Average 
1957-59 



Increase, or decrease (-) 



1968 over 
1957-59 



1968 over 
1967 



Tar ' 

Benzene: 

Tar distillers' 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Total 

Toluene: 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Total 

Xylene: 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Total 

Naphthalene: 

Crude ^ 

Petroleum naphthalene, all 

grades 

Total 

Creosote oil (Dead oil):^ 

Distillate as such (100% 

creosote basis) 

Creosote content of coal-tar 
solution (100% creosote 

basis] 

Total 



1,000 gal- 

1,000 ga 

1,000 ga 

1,000 ga 

1,000 ga 



,000 ga 
,000 ga 
,000 ga 
,000 ga 

,000 ga 
,000 ga 
,000 ga 
,000 ga 



.000 Ib-- 
,000 Ib-- 



1,000 gal- 



760,816 

27,130 
139,121 
155,694 



90,642 
878,704 



760,761 



92,584 
907,547 



(2) 



-33.5 
482.9 



321,945 

4,162 

31,007 

204,421 



969 , 346 



19,357 
624,4 54 



1,000,131 



19,645 
675,534 



-36.6 
230.5 



239,590 

795 

8,908 

180,021 



643,811 



'449,349 



695,179 



5,576 
^531,482 



-37.4 
195.2 



189,724 
396,882 



454,837 
520,991 
376,679 



537,058 
525,711 
375,945 



183.1 
32.5 



396,882 



con gal- 
000 gal- 



37,670 



17,402 



901,656 



20,858 



105,085 



126,234 



126,894 



20. 



2.1 
3.3 



1.6 
18.3 



18.1 

.9 

-.2 



.5 



' Includes data for oil-gas, water-gas, and gas-retort tar reported to the American Gas Association for 

1957-59 only, and for coal tar reported to the Division of Bituminous Coal, U.S. Bureau of Mines. 

2 Decreased by less than 0.05 percent. 

' Includes data for benzene produced from imported crude light oil. 

'* Includes data for material produced for use in blending motor fuels. Statistics are not comparable with 

monthly figures which included some o-xylene. 

5 Naphthalene solidifying at less than 79° C. Figures include production by tar distillers and coke-oven 

operators and represent combined data for the commercial grades of naphthalene to avoid disclosure of the 

operations of individual companies. Because of conversion between grades, the figures may include some 

duplication. Statistics on naphthalene refined from domestic crudes are reported in the section on cyclic 

intermediates. 

' Includes data for creosote oil produced by tar distillers and coke-oven operators and used only in wood 

preserving. 



10 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. --Tar: U.S. production and consumption, 1967 and 1968 
(In thousands of gallons^ 



Product 


1967 


1968 


PRODUCTION 


780,334 








CONSUMPTION 


746,590 










594,621 


644,371 




Coal tar distilled or topped by coke-oven operators^ 


291,624 
302,997 

129,009 

22,960 


301,254 
343,117 

104,905 












2,468 
20,492 


1,650 

(3) 


Coal tar, water-gas tar, and oil-gas tar processed at tar refineries, crude 
tar consumed for upkeep at such refineries, and tar consumed in making gas 







1 Reported to the US. Bureau of Mines. 

2 Reported to U.S. Tariff Commission. Represents tar purchased from companies operating coke ovens and 
gas-retort plants and distilled by companies operating tar-distillation plants. For 1968, statistics 
include tar consumed other than by distillation or as fuel by tar distillers. 

' Not publishable. fSee footnote 2) 



TAR AND TAR CRUDES 



TABLE 3. --Tar crudes: U.S. production and sales, 1968 

[Listed below are all tar crudes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders 
are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data 
were reported.) Table 4 lists separately all products for which data on production or sales were reported 
and identifies the manufacturers reporting to the U.S. Tariff Commission] 



Crude light oil: Coke-oven operators 

Intermediate light oil: Coke-oven operators 
Light-oil distillates: 

Benzene, specification and industrial grades, 

total ^ ' 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Toluene, all grades, total^ ' 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Xylene, all grades, total^ ' 

Coke-oven operators 

Pe tro 1 eum operators 

Solvent naphtha:^ Coke-oven operators 

Naphthalene, crude (tar distillers and coke-oven 

operators) , total" 

Solidifying at-- 

Less than 74° C 

74° C. to less than 79° C 

Crude tar-acid oils:^ Coke-oven operators 

Creosote oil (Dead oil) (tar distillers anc" coke- 
oven operators) (100% creosote basis), total' 

Distillate as such (100% creosote basis) 

Creosote content of coal-tar solution (100% 

creosote basis) 

All other distillates, total 

Coke-oven operators, total 

From light oil 

Other' 

Tar distillers' 

Tar , road 

Tar (crude and refined) for other uses' 

Pitch of tar (tar distillers and coke-oven 
operators) : 

Hard (water softening point above 160° F.) 

Other'" 



Unit 

of 

quantity 



,000 gal- 
,noo gal- 



,000 gal- 

,000 gal- 

,000 gal- 

,000 gal- 

,000 gal- 

,000 gal- 

,000 gal- 

,000 gal- 

,000 gal- 

,000 gal- 



1,000 Ib- 
1,000 Ib- 



1,000 ga 

1,000 ga 

1,000 ga 

1,000 ga 

i,ono ga 

1,000 ga 

1,000 ga 

1,000 ga 



1,000 
1,000 gal-- 



1,000 tons 
1,000 tons 



38,SR7 
5,560 



1,000,131 

92,584 

907,547 

695,179 

19,645 

675,534 

537,058 

5,576 

531,482 

3,714 



525,711 



75,849 
449,862 



106,036 
20,858 
90,230 



9,933 

6,728 

3,205 

80,297 

56,262 
11,549 



1,019 
914 



Sales 



95,511 
1,828 



614,037 

97,433 

516,604 

442,002 

19,867 

422,135 

303,049 

5,473 

297,576 

2,921 



59,492 
274,318 



22,132 



6,007 

3,001 

3,006 

16,125 

52,615 
9,509 



794 
425 



1,000 
do I tars 



1 1 , 349 



129,725 

21,311 

108,414 

76,459 

3,704 

72,755 

45,859 

1,088 

44,771 

460 



15,379 



2,565 
12,814 



5,630 



^24,917 



19,110 
' 5,807 



602 
351 

251 
3,571 

6,428 
2,085 



27,462 
13,519 



Unit 
value' 



.21 
.17 
.19 
.17 
.15 
.20 
.15 
.16 



.12 
.22 



34.59 
31.81 



Unit value per gallon, or ton, as specified. 

^ Data reported by tar distillers are not included because publication would disclose the operations of 
individual companies. Production of benzene and xylene by tar distillers decreased in 1968, compared with 
1967; production of toluene increased. The annual production statistics for petroleum operators on benzene, 
toluene, and xylene are not comparable with the combined monthly production figures, due to fiscal year 
revisions . 

^ Includes data for material produced for use in blending motor fuels. 



L2 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

Footiiotes for table Z — Continued 

^ Statistics represent combined data for the commercial grades of naphthalene. Because of conversion of 
naphthalene from one grade to another, the figures may include some duplication. 

Statistics include data only for creosote oil sold for, or used in, wood preserving. In 1968, production 
of creosote in coal-tar solution (100% solution basis) amounted to 32,002 thousand gallons; sales were 30,335 
thousand gallons, valued at 5,807 thousand dollars, with a unit value of $0.19 per gallon. 

^ Includes value of coal tar used in preparing creosote in coal-tar solution. 

' Includes data for crude sodium phenolate. 

' Includes data for crude light oil, benzene, toluene, xylene, solvent naphtha, ethylbenzene, rubber- 
reclaiming oils, pyridine crude bases, crude tar-acid oils, crude cresylic acid, neutral oils, methylnaphthalene, 
and crude tetralin. 

' Includes data for tar used for paint, pipe covering, saturating, and other uses. 

'° Includes soft and medium pitch of tar (water softening points less than 110° F., and 110°F. to 160° F.), 
and pitch emulsion. 

Note. --Statistics for materials produced in coke and gas-retort ovens are compiled by the Division of 
Bituminous Coal, U.S. Bureau of Mines, Department of the Interior. Statistics for materials produced 
in tar and petroleum refineries are compiled by the U.S. Tariff Commission. 



TAR AND TAR CRUDES 



TABLE h.--Tar armdes: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968 

[Tar crudes for which separate statistics are given in table 3 are marked with an asterisk (*) ; products 
not so marked do not appear in table 3 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may 
not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from the Appendix, 
tables 1 and 2; these tables identify all U.S. producers of tar crudes (except producers that report 
to the Division of Bituminous Coal, U.S. Bureau of Mines).] 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



*Crude light oil 

Light-oil distillates: 
*Benzene, specification and industrial grades' 

*Toluene, specification and other grades' 

*Xylene, all grades' 

*Solvent naphtha' 

*AH other light-oil distillates' 

Pyridine crude bases' 

*Naphthalene, crude, solidifying at-- 

*Less than 74° C' 

*74° C. to less than 79° C--' 

74° C. to less than 76° C 

76° C. to less than 79° C 

Methyl naphthalene 

*Crude tar-acid oils-- 

Tar-acid content S% to less than 24% 

Tar-acid content 24% to 51% 

Cresylic acid, crude 

*Creosote oil (Dead oil): 

♦Distillate as such' 

*Creosote in coal-tar solution 

*A11 other distillate products' 

*Tar, road 

*Tar for other uses : 

Crude 

Refined 

Pitch of tar: 

Soft and medium (water softening points less 
than 110° F., and 110°F. to 160° F) . ' 
*Hard (water softening point above 160° F.)' - 
Pitch-bf-tar coke and pitch emulsion 



ACY, 


KPP. 




ACY, 


KPP. 




ACY. 






NEV, 


PAT. 




ACP, 


KPT, 


PAI. 


ACP, 


KPT. 





KPT. 
ACP, 
KPT. 


KPT, 


PRO, 


RIL. 










ACP, 
ACP. 
ACP, 


COP, 
KPT, 


KPT, 
PRD. 


RIL. 










ACP, 
ACP, 
ACP, 
ACP, 


CBT, 
KPT, 
PAI. 
KPT, 


COP, 
RIL. 

RIL, 


HUS, 
WTC. 


JEN, 


KPT, 


RIL, 


WTC 


KPT, 
ACP, 


RIL. 
KPT. 















ACP, 
JEN. 



CBT, COP, KPT, RIL. 
HUS, JEN, KPT, RIL. 



"^ Does not include manufacturers' identification codes for producers that report to the Division of 
Bituminous Coal, U.S. Bureau of Mines. These producers are listed in the U.S. Bureau of Mines Mineral 
Industry Survey, February 4, 1969, entitled "Coke Producers in the U.S. in 1967." 



388-333 O - 70 - 2 



CRUDE PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS FOR 15 

CHEMICAL CONVERSION 

Crude products that are derived from petrole\im and natural gas^ are 
related to the intermediates and finished products made from such crudes 
in much the same way that crude products derived from the distillation of 
coal tar are related to their intermediates and finished products. Many 
of the crude products derived from petroleum are identical with those derived 
from coal tar (e.g., benzene, toluene, and xylene). Considerable duplication 
exists in the statistics on the production and sales of petroleum crudes be- 
cause some of these crude chemicals are converted to other crude products de- 
rived from petroleum and because data on some production and sales are re- 
ported at successive stages in the conversion processes. Notwithstanding 
these duplications, the statistics are sufficiently acciirate to indicate 
trends in the industry and to serve as a basis for general comparsion. Many 
of the crude products for which data are included in the statistics may be 
used either as fuel or as basic materials from which to derive other chemicals, 
depending on prevailing economic conditions; but in this report every effort 
has been made to exclude data on materials that are used as fuel; however, 
data are included on toluene and xylene which are not used directly as fuel 
but in blending aviation and motor-grade gasolines. 

The output of crude products derived from petroleijm and natural gas 
as a group amounted to 62,017 million pounds in I968, or 13.9 percent more 
than the 5^,^38 million pounds reported for I96T (table l). The larger out- 
put in 1968 is accounted for chiefly by increased production of ethylene, 
propylene, xylenes, toluene, and benzene. Sales of crude chemicals from 
petroleum in 1968 amounted to 3^,l89 million pounds, valued at $920 million, 
compared with 29,^53 million pounds, valued at $858 million, in I967. 

The output of aromatic and naphthenic products from petroleum amounted 
to 18,285 million pounds in I968, compared with l6,U55 million pounds in 1967- 
Sales in I968, which amounted to 11,583 million pounds, valued at $271 million, 
were 1,631 million pounds larger, and valued at $U million more, than those 
in 1967. The output of 1° and 2° benzene from petroleum amounted to 6,698 
million pounds in I968 — 3.3 percent more than the 6,U85 million pounds produced 
in 1967. The output of toluene in 1968 was U,911 million pounds — 8.2 percent 
more than the U,5l+0 million pounds produced in 1967- Production of xylene 
was 3,832 million pounds in -1968, compared with 3,2ii0 million pounds in I967. 
These figures include toluene and xylene used in blends in aviation and motor- 
grade gasolines. Production of naphthalene from petrole\im sources in I968 
was 73^ thousand pounds less than production in 1967. The output of 20.2 
million pounds of naphthenic acids in I968 was k.3 million pounds less ttjan 
that produced in 1967. 



Statistics on aromatic chemicals from coal tar are given in the 
previous section, "Tar and Tar Crudes". 



l6 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



Production of all aliphatic hydrocarbons and derivatives from petroleinn 
and natural gas was ^3,733 million pounds in I968, compared with 37 » 983 mil- 
lion pounds in I967. Sales of these products were 22,6o6 million poiinds, 
valued at $6U9 million, in 1968, compared with 19,501 million pounds, valued 
at $592 million, in 1967- The statistics on production of acetylene include 
only acetylene produced from hydrocarbons and used as a raw material in the 
production of other chemicals. Total production of acetylene for chemical 
synthesis is reported to the U.S. Bureau of the Census. In I968, production 
of acetylene from hydrocarbon sources, amounted to ^75 million pounds. Pro- 
duction of ethylene was 13,151 million pounds in I968 — 10.9 percent more than 
the 11,855 million pounds produced in 1967- The output of propylene and 
propane-propylene mixture was 7,025 1 million pounds in I968 — 10.0 'percent more 
than the 6,389 million pounds produced in I967. Production of 1,3-butadiene, 
one of the principal ingredients of S-type synthetic rubber, was 2,929 million 
pounds in I968, compared with 2,660 million pounds in 1967- The output of 
1,3-butadiene in I968 was the largest on record. 

Data for I968 on crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chem- 
ical conversion was supplied by 72 companies and company divisions. 

Table 2 lists crude products from petroleum and natural gas and identi- 
fies the manufacturers. 



CRUDE PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS FOR CHEMICAL CONVERSION 17 

TABLE 1. — Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for ahemiaal conversion: U.S. production 

and sales, 1968 

[Listed below are the crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which any- 
reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are 
accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists separately 
all products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which data on production or sales 
were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Grand total 

ABOMATICS AND NAPHTHENES^ 

Total 

Benzene (1° and 2°), total 

Benzene , 1° 

Benzene , 2° 

Naphthalene, all grades 

Naphthenic acid 

Sodium carbolate and phenate, crude 

Toluene, all grades, total 

Nitration grade, 1° 

Pure commercial grade, 2° 

Solvent grade, 90% 

All other ' 

Xylenes, mixed, total 

Xylene, 3° 

Xylene , 5° 

All other ' 

All other aromatics and naphthenes'* 

ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS 

Total 

C2 hydrocarbons, total 

Acetylene^ 

Ethane 

Ethylene 

C3 hydrocarbons, total 

Propane 

Propylene^ 

Ci, hydrocarbons, total 

1,3-Butadiene, grade for rubbers (elastomers) 

Butadiene and butylene fractions 

n-Butane 

1-Butene 

1-Butene and 2-butene mixture' 

Isobutane 

Isobutylene 

All other ° 

C5 hydrocarbons, total 

Isoprene 

All other' 



Froduction 



1,000 
pounds 



62,017,206 



l8,28U,6ll 



6,697,697 



5,90t),207 

789,1*90 

375,91*5 

20,210 

9,1*75 

1*, 911, 132 



3,11*8,288 
555,91*1* 
177,875 

1,029,025 

3,831,986 



668,1*25 

567,1*70 
2,596,091 

2,U38,l66 



U3,732,g95 



Ig. 6 81. 999 



1*75,193 
2,056,198 
13,150,608 

12,972,138 



1,000 
pounds 



3!*, 189, 278 



11,582,833 



5,91*7,586 
7,02ii,552 

10.591.992 



2,928,722 

1,01(2,862 

2,105,108 

1*3,769 

1,1*65,701 

659,290 
1,611,720 

731*, 820 

1*57,295 



171,31*0 
285,955 



3.812,537 



21*3,91*1* 

9,991 

3,068,920 



2,272,856 
217,21*9 



578,815 
2.11*5.523 



1*13.515 

533,1*90 

1,198,518 

2,301,918 



,606,1*1*5 



1,000 
dollars 



271.11*6 



108,l*ll* 



17,135 

31*9 

72.755 



58,850 
2,225 



1*1*, 771 



11,91*7 
ll*,022 
18,802 

27,722 



61*8,801* 



1,031,729 
3,367,281* 



8,51*7,962 



5,300,1*03 
3,21*7,559 

7,025,126 



1,91*2,621 
2U5,l*3l* 

1,120,1*73 
1*0,925 

1,319,993 
260,180 

2,095,500 

192.813 



192,813 



8,596 
115,571* 



127.378 



52,700 
71*, 678 



277.876 



171,917 
7,217 

12,336 
2,313 

35,059 
2,922 

1*6,112 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



TABLE 1. — Cvude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion: 

and sales, 1968 — Continued 



U. S. production 



ALIPHATIC HYDROCAHBONS— Continued 

All other aliphatic hydrocarbons and derivatives, total - 

Alpha olefins' ° 

Heptenes , mixed 

Hexane 

Nonene (Tripropylene) 

Polybutene ' ^ 

Tetrapropylene 

Hydrocarbon derivatives' ^ 

All other' ^ 



Production 



1, 000 
pounds 



It, 029, 171 



339,128 
27l*,965 
232,360 
172,690 
153,932 
38lt,17l 
39,161 
2,'t32,76lt 



Quantity 



1,000 
pounds 



2,i<t4l,331 



295, 't22 
178,208 
201,91* it 
135,535 
11*5,307 
220,576 
31,61*9 
1,232,890 



1,000 
do I lars 



111*, 291* 



17,307 
7,170 
6,395 
It, 887 

12,876 
9,357 
7,566 

1*8,736 



Unit 
value' 



Per 
pound 



■ 01*7 



.058 
.01*0 
.032 
.036 
.089 
.0li2 
.239 
.QltO 



Calculated from rounded figures . 
^ The chemical raw materials designated as aromatics are in some cases identical with those obtained frop 
the distillation of coal tar; however, the statistics given in the table above relate only to such mate- 
rials as are derived from petroleum and natural gas. Statistics on production or sales of benzene, toluene, 
xylene, and naphthalene from all sources are given in tables 1 and 3 of the praceding report on "Tar and Tar 
Crudes, I968." 

^ Includes toluene and xylene used as solvents, as well as that which is blended in aviation and motor 
gasolines. 

'' Includes data for 90-percent benzene, crude cresylic acid, alkyl aromatics, distillates, solvents, and 
miscellaneous cyclic hydrocarbons. 

^ Production figures on acetylene from calcium carbide for chemical synthesis are collected by the U.S. 
Bureau of the Census. 

' Includes data for propane-propylene mixture. 

' The statistics represent principally the butene content of crude refinery gases from which butadiene 
is manufactured. 

° Includes data for 2-butene, mixed butylenes, and mixed olefins. 
' Includes data for pentanes, pentenes, and Cj hydrocarbon mixtures. 
'° Includes data for the following molecular weight ranges: C^-C,; Cj-Cjj; C^j-Cj^; Cj^-Cj^; and Cj^-C^j. 
'' Includes compounds having a molecular weight of 3,000 or less. 
'^ Includes data for butyl, ethyl, methyl, and miscellaneous .mercaptans. 

" Includes data for ethane-ethylene mixture, hejitane, isopentane, methane, octanes, n-paraffins, and 
hydrocarbon mixtures. 



CRUDE PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS FOR CHEMICAL CONVERSION 19 



TABLE 2. — Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion: Manufacturers' identi- 
fication codes, by products, 1968 

[Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which separate statistics are 
given in table 1 are marked below with an asterisk (*); products not so marked do not appear in table 
1 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' iden- 
tification codes shown below are taken from the Appendix, taoles 1 and 2. An x signifies that the 
manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product.] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



AEOMATICS AND NAPHTHEKES 

•Benzene (except motor grade): 

•Benzene , 1° 

•Benzene , 2° 

Cresylic acid, crude 

•Naphthalene, all grades 

•Naphthenic acids: 

Acid number lower than 150 

Acid number 150-199 

Acid number 200-22li 

Acid number 225-21*9 

•Sodium carbolate and phenate, crude 

•Toluene : 

•Nitration grade, 1° — ■ 

•Pure commercial grade, 2° 

•Solvent grade, 90^ 

All other 

•Xylenes, mixed: 

Aviation grade 

•3° grade 

*5° grade 

All other 

All other aromatics, naphthenes, distillates and 
solvents. 

ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS 

Ci hydrocarbon: Methane 

*C2 hydrocarbons: 

•Adetylene 

•Ethane 

•Ethylene 

C2 and C3 hydrocarbons, mixed 

•C3 hydrocarbons: 

•Propane 

•Propane-propylene mixture 

•Propylene 



•C^ hydrocarbons: 

•1,3-Butadiene, grade for rubbers (elastomers)- 



•Butadiene and butylene fractions- 
•n-Butane 



ACU, APR, ASH, ATR, CCP, COR, CSD, CSO, CSP, DLH, 
DXS, ENJ, GOC, GRS, MOC, MON, PLC, PPR, SHC, SHO, 
SIM, SKO, SM, SNT, SOG, SUN, TOC, TX, UOC , VEL, VPT. 

ACC, CO, DOW, SHO, SOC, UCC. 

PRD. 

ASH, COL, MON, SUN, TID. 

ATR, SUN, TX. 

ATR, PRD, SOC, SUN. 

ATR, PRD, SOC. 

PRD. 

ATR, CSP, SIN. 

ASH, ATR, CSD, CSP, DLH, DXS, ENJ, GOC, MOC, MON, 
PLC, PPR, SHC, SHO, SIN, SNT, SOG, SUN, TOC, TX, 
UCC, UOC, VEL, VPT. 

COR, DOW, ENJ, LEN, MON. 

CO, FG, SKO. 

ACC, CSD, DXS, ELP, GRS, PLC, SHC, SHO, SM, SOC, 
TOC, TX, VPT. 

CSD, CSO. 

ATR, DLH, MOC, PPR, UCC, UOC. 

ASH, SIN, SOG, TX. 

CCP, COR, CSD, CSP, DXS, ENJ, GRS, LEN, MON, PPR, 

SHO, SM, SNT, SOC, SUN, TOC, VPT. 
ACC, ACU, CBN, CPX, DUP, ELP, ENJ, FG, JCC, LEN, 

MOC, MON, OMC, PLC, PRD, SOC, SOG, SOI, TX, USI, VPT. 



CCP, MON. 

DOW, DUP, MNO, MON, UCC, X. 

ACU, CCP, ENJ, MON, PAN, PLC, SHO, SM, SOI, TX, USI. 

ACU, ATF, BFG, CBN, CCP, CO, CPX, DOW, DUP, EKX, ELP, 

ENJ, GOC, JCC, KPP, MON, OMC, PLC, SHC, SM, SNO, TX, 

UCC, USI. 
COR, CSO, ENJ, GYR, MON, PLC. 

AMO, APR, ASH, CCP, CSD, CSO, DXS, ENJ, GOC, GRS, JCC, 
MOC, OMC, PAN, PLC, SHO, SIN, SM, SNT, SOG, SOI, SPI, 
TX, UOC, USI. 

ENJ, GOC. 

ACU, AMO, ASH, ATR, BFG, CBN, CCP, CPX, CSO, DOW, EKX, 
ELP, ENJ, GOC, JCC, KPP, MOC, MON, PLC, SHC, SHO, 
SIN, SIO, SM, SNT, SOG, SOI, SPI, SUN, TX, UCC, UOC. 

CBN, CPY, DOW, DUP, ELP, ENJ, FRS, GGC , MON, PLC, PTT, 

SBI, SHO, SM, SOC, SPI, TID, TUS, UCC. 
ACU, DOW, GOC, GYR, KPP, MOC, PLC, PTT, SHC, SHO, SIN, 

SOC, SPI. 
COR, CSD, DXS, GRS, MOC, OMC, PAN, PLC, SHO, SM, SNT, 

SOC, SOG, USI. 



20 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



-Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion 
fiaation codes, by products, 1988 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identi- 



ALIPHATIC HYDEOCAEBONS— Continued 

*Ci, hydrocarbons — Continued 

*1-Butene 

2-Butene 

*1-Butene and 2-butene mixture 

*Isobutane 

*Isobutylene 

All other 

*C5 hydrocarbons: 

Isopentane ( 2-Methylbutane ) 

*Isoprene ( 2-Methyl-l , 3-butadiene ) 

n-Pentane 

All other 

Cg hydrocarbons; 

*Hexane 

Neohexane ( 2 , 2-Dimethylbutane ) 

All other 

Cy hydrocarbons: 

n-Heptane 

*Heptenes , mixed 

All other 

C e hydrocarbons : 

Dilsobutylene (Diisobutene) 

n-Octane 

2,2, Ij-Tr imethylpentane C Iso-octane ) 

All other 

Hydrocarbons, C9 and above: 

*Konene (Tripropylene) 

*Polybutene 

*Tetrapropylene 

Tride cene concentrate 

Triisobutylene 

All other 

*A11 other aliphatic hydrocarbons and derivatives: 
Hydrocarbons : 
*Alpha olefins — Molecular weight ranges: 

C 5-C 7 

C e-C 1 

''1 i-Ci 5 

All other 

•Hydrocarbon derivatives : 

1-Butanethiol 

tert-Butyl-mercaptan (2-Methyl-2-propane- 
thiol). 

Cyclohexyl mercaptan 

Di-tert-butyl disulfide 

Di-tert-nonylpolysulfide 

Ethyl mercaptan (Ethanethiol) 

1 sopropyl mercaptan 

Methyl mercaptan (Methanethiol) 

tert-Nonyl mercaptan 

tert-Octyl mercaptan 

n-Propyl mercaptan (l-Propanethiol) 

All other 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



GOG, PLC, PTT. 

MON, PLC, PTT. 

CSO, ENJ, GOG, PLC, PTT, SHO, SOC , SPI , TX. 

DXS, ELP, MOG, OMC, PAN, PLC, SHO, SOI, TX, USI . 

EHJ, PTT, SHC, SHO, SIN. 

APE, BFG, CPX, ENJ, JCC, MON, PLC, SM, USI. 

PAH, PLC, SHO, SM. 

ENJ, GYR, MON. 

APR, MOG, PLC. 

ENJ, GYR, MON, PLC, USI. 

ENJ, PLC, SOG, UOC. 

PLC. 

APR, PLC. 

EKX, PLC, SOG, UCC. 

CSD, ENJ, GOC, HOU, SIN, SOI, TID. 

ENJ, TX. 

ATE, PTT, TX. 

PLC, SOG. 
PLC. 
PLC. 

i ENJ, GOC, UOG. 

! ACC, CSD, SOC, SOI. 

i ATR, CO, DXS, ENJ, GOC, SOC, SUM, TX, UOC. 

I ENJ. 

I ATR. 

ATR, GO, COR, ENJ, GOC, HOU, KEN, PLC, SHC, SIN, SOC, 
SPI, SUW, TID, TX, UCC. 



GOC, GYR, PLC, SOC. 

GOC, SOC. 

ENJ, GOC, SOC. 

EKX, GOC, KPP, SOG, TID. 

PAS, PLC. 

PAS, PLC. 

PAS, PLC. 

PLC. 

PAS. 

PAS, PLC. 

PAS. 

ACC, PAS. 

PAS. 

PAS. 

PAS, PLC. 

EKX, PAS, PLC, UCC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 21 



Cyclic intermediates are synthetic organic chemicals derived 
principally from coal-tar crudes produced by destructive distillation 
(pyrolysis) of coal and from petroleum and natural gas. Most cyclic 
intermediates are used in the manufacture of more advanced synthetic 
organic chemicals and finished products, such as dyes, medicinal chemi- 
cals, elastomers (synthetic rubbers), pesticides, and plastics and 
resin materials. Some intermediates, however, are sold as end products 
without further processing. For example, refined naphthalene may be 
used as a raw material in the manufacture of 2-naphthol or of other more 
advanced intermediates, or it may be packaged and sold as a moth repel- 
lent or as a deodorant. In 1968 nearly half of the total output of 
cyclic intermediates was sold; the rest was consumed chiefly by the 
producing plants in the manufacture of more advanced intermediates and 
finished products. 

Total production of cyclic intermediates in 1968--25,014 million 
pounds--was the largest on record, and was 20.3 percent larger than the 
output of 20,793 million pounds reported for 1967. The larger output 
of cyclic intermediates in 1968 reflects the increased demand by the 
chemical products industries, particularly those industries that pro- 
duce plastics materials, pesticides, dyes, and plasticizers, and an 
increase in exports. Sales of cyclic intermediates in 1968 amounted 
to 11,328 million pounds, valued at $1,131 million, compared with 9,461 
million pounds, valued at $1,000 million, in 1967. In terms of quantity, 
sales of cyclic intermediates in 1968 were 19.7 percent larger than those 
in 1967 and in terms of value, 13.1 percent larger. 

Production of ethylbenzene in 1968 was 4,034 million pounds, or 20.5 
percent larger than the 3,347 million pounds reported for 1967. Output 
of styrene in 1968 was 3,698 million pounds, an increase of 12.8 percent 
over the 3,278 million pounds in 1967. Other intermediates whose pro- 
duction exceeded 1 billion pounds in 1968 were cyclohexane (2,039 mil- 
lion pounds), phenol (1,513 million pounds), cumene (1,347 million pounds), 
p-xylene (1,316 million pounds), and dimethyl terephthalate (1,309 mil- 
lion pounds) . The output of other large-volume intermediates in 1968 
compared with 1967 were: Ortho- xylene, 944 million pounds (91.4 percent 
larger than in 1967); terephthalic acid, 927 million pounds (33.5 percent 
larger); alkylbenzenes, 758 million pounds (10.7 percent larger); phthalic 
anhydride, 744 million pounds (2.2 percent larger); cyclohexanol , 717 
million pounds (not published in 1967); and chlorobenzene, 576 million 
pounds (19.1 percent larger). Production of isocyanates amounted to 
339 million pounds (31.8 percent larger than in 1967), and production of 
aniline was 263 million pounds, an increase. of 16.8 percent over 1967. 
The above 15 chemicals accounted for 82 percent of the total output of 
cyclic intermediates in 1968. 



22 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I968 



Table 1 gives statistics on production and sales of cyclic inter- 
mediates in 1968. In general, the classification of a given chemical 
as an intermediate is determined by the way in which the greater part 
of its output is consumed. Individual statistics given in the table 
represent 90 percent of the total quantity of intermediates produced. 
Since many of the intermediates included in the statistics represent 
successive steps in production, the totals necessarily include con- 
siderable duplication. 

Table 2 lists these products alphabetically and identifies the 
manufacturers, and table 3 in the Appendix shows imports of intermediates 
and related products during 1967 and 1968. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 
Table 1. --Cyclic intermediates: U.S. production and sales, 1968 



23 



[Listed below are all cyclic intermediates for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were 
reported.) Table 2 lists alphabetically all cyclic intermediates for which data on production or sales were re- 
ported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Production 



Quantity 



Unit 
value' 



1,000 
pounds 



Total - 

Acetartilide, tech 

Acetophenone, tech 

Alkylbenzenes^ 

4''-Aminoacetanilide, ( Ace tyl-p-phenylenedi amine) 

l-Aminoanttiraquinone and salt 

2-Aminoanthraquinone and salt 

1- Amino- 4- benz ami doanthraqui none 

7-(p-Aminobenzamido)-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

2-Ainino-p-benzenedisulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

l-AiRino-5-ch loroanthraquinone 

3-Amino-5-chloro-2-hydroxybenzenesul£onic acid 

6-Amino-4-chloro-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1]--^ 

l-Amino-2,4-dibromoanthraquinone 

l-Amino-9,10-dihydro-9,10-dioxo-4-p-toluenesulfon- 

amido-2-anthracenesulfonic acid, sodium salt--- 

4-Amino-3-hydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid C1.2,4-acid) 

6-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Gamma acid), 

sodium salt 

7-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (J acid), 

sodium salt 

N- (4-Amino-3-raethoxy-l-anthraquinonyl)-p-toluenesulfonamide 

6-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino I acid) 

7-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino G acid) 

4-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Naphthionic acid) 

6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Broenner's acid) 

8-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Peri acid) 

2-Amino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [SOaH^l] 

2-Amino-4-nitrophenol 

4-Amino-4'-nitro-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

p- [(p-Aminophenyl)azo]benzenesulfonic acid 

4-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

Aniline (Aniline oil) 

7-Anilino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Phenyl J acid)- 

Anilinomethanesulfonic acid and salt 

8-Anilino-I-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Phenyl peri acid) 

o-Anisidine 

o-Anisidinomethanesulfonic acid 

N,N'- (l,5-Anthraquinonylene)dianthranilic acid 

-^enzaldehyde, tech 

l-Benzaraido-5-ch loroanthraquinone 

7H-Benz[de]anthracen-7-one (Benzanthrone) 

Benzoic acid, tech 

o- Ben zoylben zoic acid 

[3,3'-Bianthra[l,9-cd]pyrazole]-6,6'-C2H,2'H)dione (Pyrazole- 

an throne yellow) 

[4,4'-Bi-7H-benz[de]anthracene]-7,7'-dione 

1,4- Bis [l-anthraquinonylamino]anthraquinone 

3-Bromo-7H-benzrdelanthracen-7-one (3- Bromobenzan throne) 

2-Bromo-4,6-dinitroaniline 

l-Bromo-4- (methyl ami no) anthraqui none 

1-Ch loroanthraquinone 

2-Ch loroanthraquinone 

Chlorobenzene, mono- 

0- (p-Chlorobenzoyl)benzoic acid 

l-Chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (Dinitrochlorobenzene) 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



11,328,129 



1,000 
dollars 



1,131,433 



3,621 

1,742 

757,594 

746 

1,189 

962 

47 

23 

28 

105 



934 
464 



927 
952 



187 

42 

192 

200 

259 

233 

263,432 

57 

302 

268 

1,706 

496 

34 

3,737 

'103 

1,914 

21,911 

4,699 

21 

520 

100 

151 

112 

45 

215 

863 

575,751 

1,485 

6,626 



534 

659 

735,155 



146 

190 

68,210 



Per 
pound 

$0.10 

.27 
.29 
.09 



142,654 
2,192 



8,501 
341 



24 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 
Table 1, --Cyclic intermediates: U.S. production and sales, 1968- -Continued 



6-Chlorometanilic acid 

l-Chloro-2-methylanthraquinone 

2-Chloro-4-nitroaniline (o-Chloro-p-nitroaniline) 

4-Chloro-2-nitroaniline (p-Chloro-o-nitroaniline) 

l-Chloro-5-nitroanthraquinone 

l-Chloro-2-nitrobenzene (Chloro-o-nitrobenzene) 

4-Qiloro-3-nitrobenzene5ulfonamide 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

4-Oiloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

a-Chlorotoluene (Benzyl chloride) 

[(4-Chloro-o-tolyl)thio]acetic acid 

Cresols, total ^ 

o-Cresol 

Cni,p)-Cresol 

All other'* 

Cresylic acid, refined' 

Cumene 

Cyclohexane 

Cyclohexanol 

Cyclohexanone 

1,4-Dianiinoanthraquinone 

2,6-Diaininoanthraquinone 

l,4-Diamino-2,3-dihydroanthraquinone 

4,4'-Diaraino-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

4,5'-Dibenzamido-l,l'-iniinodianthraquinone 

1,5-Dibenzoylnaphthalene 

3,9-Dibromo-7H-benz[de]anthracen-7-one 

1,5-Dichloroanthraquinone 

o-Dichlorobenzene 

p-Dichlorobenzene 

3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine base and salts 

2,5-Dichloro-4-(3-niethyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 

acid 

3- (2' ,6'-Dichlorophenyl)-S-methyl-4-isoxazolecarbonyl chloride— 

Dicyclopentadiene (includes cyclopentadiene) 

N,N-Diethylaniline 

9, 10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-l,5-anthracenedisulfonic acid, 

di sodium salt 

9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-l,8-anthracenedisulfonic acid, 

potassium salt 

9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-2,6-anthracenedisul£onic acid and salt— 
9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-l-anthracenesulfonic acid and salt 

(Gold salt)- — --- - 

9,10-Dihydro-5-nitro-9,10-dioxo-l-anthracenesulfonic acid 

1,4-Dihydroxyanthraquinone (Quinizarin) 

1,5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone (Anthrarufin) 

l,8-Dihydroxy-4,5-dinitroanthraquinone (4,5-Dinitrochrysazin)--- 

16,1 7- Dihydroxyviol an throne (Dihydroxydibenzan throne) 

N,N- Dimethyl aniline 

2,2-Dimethyl-l,l'-bianthraquinone 

2,4-Dinitroaniline 

3' ,4-Dinitrobenzanilide 

2,4-Dinitrophenol, tech 

4,4'-Dinitrostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid 

Diphenylamine 

1,4-Di-p-toluidinoanthraquinone 

Divinylbenzene 

p-Dodecylphenol 

a-(N-Ethylanilino)-p-toluenesul£onic acid 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 



267 
348 

110 

372 

174 

390 

72,968 

47 



17,494 
41,368 
23,040 

63,985 

1,347,230 

2,038,950 

716,926 

481,892 

55 

306 

754 

7,775 

143 

559 

248 

72 

60,603 

70,338 

2,940 



67,078 
1,452 



318 
622 

3,196 

151 

2,322 

175 

159 

397 

17,438 

135 

207 

15 

863 

11,319 

32,165 

126 

2,845 

5,556 

299 



1,000 
pounds 



355 
491 



1,949 



1,000 
dollars 



324 
403 



1,172 



2,591 



2,704 
5,205 
7,244 



65,409 

910 

2,846 



4,977 
6,646 
3,292 



420 

2,182 

581 



6,026 
1,584 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 
Table 1.-- Cyclic intermediates: U.S. production and sales, 1968- -Continued 



25 



Production 



Quantity 



Ethylbenzene 

N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamine 

Hydroquinone, tech 

p-Hydroxybenzenesulfonic acid 

4-Hydroxymetanilamide 

4-Hydroxymetanilic acid 

3-Hydroxy-2-methylcinchoninic acid 

3-Hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, disodiura salt 

6-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid and sodium salt 

N- (7-Hydro xy-1-naph thy l)acet amide 

1,1 '-lminobis[4-aminoanthraquinone] 

1, 1 '-Iminobis [4-nitroanthraquinone] 

1, I'-lminodianthraquinone (1,1 '-Dianthrimide) 

Isocyanic acid derivatives, total 

Diphenylmethane 4,4'-diisocyanate (MDI) 

Polymethylene polyphenylisocyanate 

Toluene 2,4- and 2,6-diisocyanate (80/20 mixture) 

Other isocyanic acid derivatives 

4,4'-lsopropylidenediphenol (Bisphenol A) 

Leuco quinizarin (1,4,9,10-Anthratetrol) 

Mel amine 

dl-p-Mentha-l,8-diene (Limonene) 

o-Mercaptobenzoic acid (Thiosalicylic acid) 

Metanilic acid 

4,4 '-Methylenebis[N,N-dimethylaniline] (Methane base) 

2-Methyl-l-nitroanthraquinone 

p- (3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic acid 

4- (3-Methyl-S-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)-m-toluenesulfonic acid 

[SOsH^l] 

3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one (Developer Z) 

a-Methylstyrene 

Naphthalene, solidifying at 79° C. or above (refined flake) 

(from domestic crude) 

1-Naphthol 

Naphth[I,2-d] [l,2,3]oxadiazole-S-sulfonic acid 

p-Nitroaniline 

Nitrobenzene 

m-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid and sodium salt 

ra-Nitrobenzoic acid and sodium salt 

7(and 8)-Nitronaphth[l,2-d] [1, 2,3]oxadiazole-5-sulfonic acid- 

p-Nitrophenol and sodium salt 

p-Nitro toluene 

3-Nitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [SOsH^l] 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonic acid [SOsH^l] 

5-Nitro-o-toluidine [NHj^l] 

Nonylphenol 

1- [ (7-Oxo-7H-benz[de]anthracen-3-yl)amino]anthraquinone 

1.1 '-[(7-0x0- 7H-benz[de] anthracen-3,9-ylene)diimino]di- 

anthraquinone 

5-0x0-1- (p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid 

(Pyrazolone T) 

Phenol, grand total^ 

Natural, total 

From coal tar 

From petroleum 

Synthetic, total 

From cumene 

Other synthetic 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



4,033,529 
510 



147 
104 
141 
1,385 
505 
26 



98 



338,944 



8,973 

61,419 

220,734 

47,818 

143,713 

85 

61,949 

11,691 

13 

1,418 

900 



2,139 

766 

11,029 

397,937 

3,464 

351 

676 

33,594 

17,750 

81 

6,735 

218 

62,059 

266 

319 



1,513,103 



49,754 

33,822 

15,932 

1,463,349 

839,578 

623,771 



1,000 
pounds 



450 
289 



614,921 
366,018 
248,903 



1,000 
do I lars 



19,097 



7,959 
799 



801 
178 



90,177 



5,432 
13,442 
60,452 
10,851 

10,876 

10,824 
546 



144 
1,162 



965 
832 



5,526 



241 
3,091 



45,367 
26,255 
19,112 



26 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 
Table 1. --Cyclic intermediates: U.S. production and sales, 1968- -Continued 



Unit 
value' 



Phenyl acetonitrile Cci-Tolunitrile) 

p-Phenylazoaniline (C.I. Solvent Yellow 1) and hydrochloride — 

p-Phenylenedi amine 

Phthalic anhydride 

Pi CO lines, total' 

2-Picoline (a-Picoline) 

Other pico lines 

Piperidine 

Propiophenone 

2° Pyridine' 

Sal icy 1 aldehyde 

Salicylic acid, tech 

Styrene, all grades 

Terephthalic acid 

Terephthalic acid, dimethyl ester 

1 ,4,5,8-Tetrachloroanthraquinone 

l,4,S,8-Tetrahydroxyanthraquinone, leuco derivative 

Toluene- 2, 4-diamine (4-m-Tolylenediamine) 

o-Toluidine 

0- (p-Toluoyl)benzoic acid 

4- (o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine fC.I. Solvent Yellow 3) 

1, 2,4-Trichlorobenzene 

l,3,3-Trimethyl-A^,a-indolineacetaldehyde 

l,3,3-Trimethyl-2-methyleneindoline (Trimethyl base) 

7,7'-Ureylenebis[4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesul£onic acid] (J Acid 

Urea) 

Viol an throne (Dib en zan throne) 

0- Xylene 

p- Xylene 

All other cyclic intermediates 



1,000 
pounds 

275 

677 

743,804 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



1,071 
1,558 

470 

554 

7,421 

3,693 

29,614 

3,697,890 

926,597 

1,309,107 

17 

185 

94,611 

8,567 

432 

10,867 
208 
479 

259 

362 

944,256 

1,515,649 

2,507,184 



1,190 
781 



7,554 

2,221 

6,446 

1,733,909 

542,617 



768,160 

991,205 

1,799,612 



548 
239 



3,773 

2,258 

2,190 

116,037 

95,722 



25 
1,295 



33,953 
77,423 
319,756 



Per 
pound 

$0.51 



.50 

1.02 



Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Principally straight-chain dodecylbenzene, tridecylbenzene and other straight-chain alkylbenzenes , but in- 
cludes lesser amounts of branched-chain compounds. 

' Includes data for coke ovens and gas-retort ovens, reported to the Division of Bituminous Coal, U.S. Bureau o 
Mines, Department of the Interior, and for tar and petroleum refineries and other producers, reported to the U.S. 
Tariff Commission. 

"* Figures include (o,m,p)-cresol from coal tar and some m-cresol and p-cresol. 

^ Does not include ethylbenzene produced and consumed in continuous-process styrene manufacture. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 
TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968 



27 



[Cyclic intermediates for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked with an asterisk (*); cyclic 
intermediates not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may 
not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from the Appendix, tables 1 and 2 
An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product.] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see .Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



Aceanthryleno[2, l-a]aceanthrylene-5,13-dione 

5-Acetamido-2-aminobenzenesulfonic acid 

3- [(2-Acetamido-4-aminophenyl)azo]-l,5-naphtha- 
lenedisulfonic acid. 

l-Acetamido-4-bromoanthraquinone 

a-Acetamido-p-toluenesulfonamide 

*Acetanilide, tech 

Acetic acid, phenyl ester 

Acetoacetanilide 

o-Acetoacetanisidide 

o-Acetoacetotoluidide 

2' ,4'-Acetoacetoxylidide 

1' -Ace tonapht hone 

Acetone pheny Ihydrazone 

'Acetophenone , tech 

*2-Acetoxy-3,5-diiodo-4'-chlorbenzanilide 

N-Acetylanthranilic acid 

p-Acetylbenzenesulfonamide 

p-Acetylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

p-Acetylbenzenesulfony lure thane 

N-Acetylsulfanilyl chloride 

Adenine 

*Alkylbenzenes: 

Dodecylbenzene (including tridecylbenzene) : 

Straight chain 

Other 

Other alkylbenzenes: Straight chain 

Alkylphenols, mixed 

Alkylpiperazines, mixed 

Alkylpyridine 

O-dl-S-Allyl-S- (l-methyl-2-pentynyl)-l-methylbarbituri 
acid. 

Aminoaceanthryleno[2, l-a]aceanthrylene-5,13-dione 

3'-Aminoacetanilide 

*4'-Aminoacetanilide (Acetyl-p-phenylenedi amine) 

3 ' -Aminoacetophenone 

*S-Amino-2- (p-aminoanilino)benzenesulfonic acid 

l-Amino-4- (3-amino-4-sulfoanilino)-9, 10-dihydro- 

9,10-dioxo-2-anthracenesulfonic acid. 
l-Amino-4- (4-amino-3-sulfoanilino)-9,10-dihydro- 
9, lO-dioxo-2-anthracenesulfonic acid. 

*2-{p-Aminoanilino)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

3-Amino-p-anisanilide 

5-Amino-2-o-anisidinobenzenesulfonic acid 

*l-Aminoanthraquinone and salt 

*2-Aminoanthraquinone and salt 

N-(4-Amino-l-anthraquinonyl)anthranilic acid 

N-(S-Araino-l-anthraquinonyl)anthranilic acid 

N-(8-Amino-l-anthraquinonyl)anthranilic acid 

4-Aminoantipyrine 

6-Amino-3,4'-azodibenzenesulfonic acid CC.I. Acid 

Yellow 9). 
p-Aminobenzamide 

*1- Ami no-4-benzamidoanthraqui none 

l-Amino-5-benzamidoanthraauinone 

7- [p- (p-Aminobenzamido)benzamido]-4-hydroxy-2- 

naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
7- (m-Aminobenzamido)-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesul- 
fonic acid. 

*7- (p-Aminobenzamido)-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalene- 
sulfonic acid. . 

4'-Aminobenzanilide 

3' -Aminobenzanilide-4' -sulfonic acid 



ICI. 
GAF. 
TRC. 

AAP. 

SDW. 

CTN, EKT, MRK, SAL, SW. 

UCC. 

FMP, UCC. 

FMP, SDH, UCC. 

FMP, UCC. 

FMP, UCC. 

GIV. 

DUP. 

ACP, SKO, UCC. 

PCW. 

nUP. 

LIL. 

LIL. 

LIL. 

ACY, CTN, MRK, SAL. 

KF. 



ACS, ATR, CO, MON, PLC, UCC, WCC. 

CO, SOC. 

SOC. 

GAF, ORO. 

HOU. 

UCC. 

LIL. 

ICI. 

GAF, TRC. 

ACS, DUP, GAF, TRC. 

CTN, SDH. 

CMG, TRC, YAW. 

TRC. 

TRC. 



ACS, 
PCW. 
TRC. 
AAP, 
ACS, 
GAF. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
VPC. 
ACS, 



ACS, ACY, DUP, GAF, ICI, MAY, TRC. 
ACY, DUP, GAF, TRC. 



ACY. 



SDH. 

ACS, ACY, MAY, TRC. 
ACS, GAF, ICI, TRC. 
CMG, DUP. 

TRC. 

CMG, DUP, GAF, TRC. 

GAF. 
TRC. 



28 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



*2-Amino-p-benzenedisulfonic acid [SOsH^l] 

o-Ajninoben2enethiol 

5-Ainino-2-benzimidazolinone 

p-Ajninobenzoic acid, tech 

p-Aminobenzoic acid, 2-Cdimethylainino)ethyl ester 

4-Aniinobenzophenone 

2-Amino-6-benzothiazolecarboxylic acid 

m-Aminobenzotri fluoride 

2- (m-Aminobenzoyl)-o-acetanisidide 

N-(4-Amino-3-bromo-l-anthraquinonyl)-p-toluidine- 
sulfonic acid. 

2-Ainino-l-bromo-3-chloroanthraquinone 

l-Aiiiino-4-bromo-9, lO-dihydro-9, lO-dioxo-2- 
anthracenesulfonic acid and sodium salt. 

l-Ainino-2-bromo-4-hydroxyanthraquinone 

l-Ainino-4-bromo-2-methylanthraquinone 

l-Aiiiino-2-broiiio-4-p-toluidinoanthraquinone 

*1- Amino- 5-chloroanthraqui none 

l-Amino-8-chloroanthraquinone 

2-Amino-l-chloroanthraquinone 

2- Amino- 3-chloroanthraqui none 

4-Amino-6-chloro-ra-benzenedisulfonamide — ■ 

4-Amino-6-chloro-m-benzenedisulfonamide hydrochloride- 

5-Amino-2-chlorobenzoic acid 

2-Amino-5-chlorobenzophenone 

2-Amino-6-chlorobenzothiazole hydrochloride 

o- (3-Amino-4-chlorobenzoyl)benzoic acid 

2-Amino-5-chloro-4-ethylbenzene 

1- Amino- 2-chloro-4 -hydroxy anthraquinone 

*3-Amino-5-chloro-2-hydroxybenzenesulfonic acid 

2-Amino-4-chlorophenol 

2-Amino-6-chloropyrazine 

3-Amino-6-chloropyridazine 

2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [SOsH^l] 

*6-Amino-4-chloro-m-toluenesulfonic acid [SOsH^l] 

2-Amino-p-cresol 

*l-Amino-2,4-dibromoanthraquinone 

l-Amino-2,4-dichloroanthraquinone 

Aminodichlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

2-Amino-4,6-dichlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

6-Amino-2,4-dichloro-m-cresol 

4' -Amino- 2' ,5 '-diethoxybenzani lide 

l-Amino-9,10-dihydro-9, lO-dioxo-2-anthroic acid 

*l-Amino-9,10-dihydro-9,10-dioxo-4-p-toluenesulfon- 

amido-2-anthracenesulfonic acid, sodium salt. 
5- Amino-4 , 5 ' -dihydroxy-3 ,4 ' - [ ( 2-methoxy-5-methyl - 

p-phenylene)bis(azo) ]-di-2,7-naphthalenedi- 

sulfonic acid, 5'-benzenesulfonate. 

2- Amino-4- (a, a-dime thy Ibenzyl) phenol 

2-Amino-4,6-dinitrophenol and salt 

3- Amino-4- ethoxyacetani lide 

3-Amino-9-ethylcarbazole 

3-Amino-a-ethylhydrocinnamic acid 

p-Amino-N-ethyl-N-1-naphthylbenzamide 

2-Amino-N-ethyl-5-nitrobenzenesulfonanilide 

1- Amino-4 -hydroxy anthraquinone 

2 -Ami no- 3- hydroxy anthraquinone 

5- Amino-4- hydroxy-m-benzenedi sulfonic acid 

1- Amino-4- hydroxy- 2-methoxy anthraquinone 

4-Amino-5-hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, 

benzenesulfonate. 
3-Amino-5-hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

(2R acid), monosodium salt. 
4-Amino-5-hydroxy-l , 3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

(Chicago acid), monosodium salt. 
4-Amino-5-hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

(H acid), monosodium salt. 
*4-Amino-3- hydroxy- 1-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

(1,2,4 acid). 
4- Amino- 5-hydroxy- 1-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

(S acid), sodium salt. 



ACS, 
FIS. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
SDW. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
NES. 
GAP. 
TRC. 

ICI. 
ICI, 

AAP, 
ICI. 
ICI, 
ACS, 
DUP. 
DUP. 
GAP, 



TRC. 
ICI. 
DUP. 
AAP, 
ACY. 
TRC. 
ACS, 
GAP, 
ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY, 
DUP, 
TRC. 
AAP, 
TRC. 
MEE. 
SDC. 

X. 

ALL. 
DUP. 
AAP, 



TRC. 
GAP. 
AAP. 
SDC. 
SDW. 
GAP. 
GAP. 
GAP. 
ACS, 
TRC. 
TRC. 
TRC. 

ACS. 

ACS. 

ACS, 

ACS, 

ACS. 



DUP, GAP, ICC, TRC. 



TRC. 

DUP, ICC, TRC. 



TRC. 

ACY, DUP, ICI, MAY, TRC. 



CMC, TRC. 
MEE. 



HSC, SW. 
HSC, SDH, SW. 



ACS, DUP, ICC, ICI, TRC. 



MON. 

ACY, GAP, TRC, VPC . 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 29 

TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



*6-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 
(Gamma acid), sodium salt. 

*7-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 
(J acid), sodium salt. 
2- (2-Amino-S-hydroxy-7-sulfo-l-naphthylazo)-5- 

nitrobenzoic acid. 
l-(6-Amino-l-hydroxy-3-sul£o-2-naphthylazo)-6- 
nitro- 2- naphtho 1-4- sulfonic acid. 

5-Aminoisophthalic acid 

3-Amino-2-mercaptobenzoic acid 

4- Ami no- 3- ( B- me than esu If anamidoe thy l)-N,N-di ethyl - 
aniline hydrochloride. 

*N- (4-Amino-3-methoxy-l-anthraquinonyl) -p-toluene- 
sulfonamide. 

5-Amino-6-methoxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

m- [ (4-Ajiiino-3-methoxyphenyl)azo]benzenesulfonic acid — 
4- [(4-Amino-5-methox>'-o-tolyl)azo]-4-hydroxy-2,7- 

naphthalenedisulfonic acid, benzenesulfonate. 
3- [(4-Amino-5-methoxy-o-tolyl)azo]-l,5-naphthalene- 

disulfonic acid. 
7- [(4-Amino-5-methoxy-o-tolyl)azo]-l,3-naphthalene- 
disulfonic acid. 

4'-Amino-N-methylacetanilide 

l-.'\mino-2-methylanthraquinone 

4'-Amino-6'-methyl-m-benzanisidide 

4-Amino-4 '- (3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)-2,2 '- 
stilbenedisulfonic acid. 

2-Amino-3-methyl pyridine 

2-Amino-5-methylpyridine 

2-Amino-6-methylpyridine 

2-Amino-4-methylpyrimidine (2-Amino-4-methyl-l,3- 
diazine) . 

2-Amino-4-(methylsulfonyl)phenol 

2-Amino-5-methyl-l,3,4-thiadiazole 

l-Amino-2-methyl-4-p-toluidinoanthraquinone 

1-Aminonaphth [ 2, 3- c] acrid an- 5,8,1 4- tri one 

4-Aminonaphth[2,3-c]acridan-5,8, 14- tri one 

6-Aminonaphth[2,3-c]acridan-5,8,14-trione 

2-Amino-l, 5- naphthalenedi sulfonic acid 

3-Amino-l ,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (C acid) 

3- Ami no- 2, 7- naphthalenedi sulfonic acid 

4-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

4 - Amino- 1 ,6 -naphthalenedi sulfonic acid 

*6-Amino-l ,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino 1 acid)-- 

*7-Amino-l ,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino G acid)-- 
l-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (o-Naphthionic acid) 
2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Tobias acid) 

*4-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Naphthionic acid)-- 

4-Araino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

5-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Laurent's acid) 

5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (1,6-Cleve's acid)-- 
5(and 8)-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Cleve's acid 
mixed) . 

*6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic' acid (Broenner's acid) — 
6(and 7) -Amino-1-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

*8-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Peri acid) 

8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (1,7-Cleve's acid)-- 

7-Amino-l ,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid 

8-Amino-l ,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid (Koch's acid) 

5 (and 8) -Amino- 2 -naphtho 1 

8- Amino-2 -naphtho 1 

2-Amino-4-nitroacetanilide 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



TRC 
DUP 
TRC 

TRC 

TRC 

CMG 
ICl 
GAF 
TRC 

RIL 
RIL 
RIL 

ACY 

ACS 
ACY 
ICI 
DUP 
DUP 
GAF 
ACY 
GAF 
TRC 
ACS 
DUP 
ACS 
ACS 
DUP 
ACY 
ACS 
ACS 
ACS 
ACS 
DUP 

ACS 
VPC 
ACS 
ACS 
DUP 
ACS 
GAF 
DUP 
SDC 



DUP, 
CMG, 



TCD, TRC. 
DUP, TCD, TRC. 



SDH. 
TCD, 



DUP, 
DUP, 

SW. 

ACY, 

DUP. 

DUP, 

ALL, 

TCD, 



TCD, TRC. 
TCD, TRC. 



TCD. 
TRC. 
TRC. 



TRC. 

SDC, TCD, TRC. 



8-333 O - 70 - 3 



30 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2o — Cyclic intermediates: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
Csee Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



3-Aiiiino-5-(m-nitrobenzamide)-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

*2-Amino-5-nitroben2enesulfonic acid [SOsH^l] 

*2-Aniino-4-nitrophenol 

2-Amino-5-nitrophenol ■ 

4-Amino-2-nitrophenol 

2 - Ami no- (p-nitropheny I azo) naphthalene 

d- 2- Ami no- 1- (p-nitrophenyl)-l,3-propanediol 

*4-Amino-4'-nitro-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

2-Amino-5-nitrothiazole 

4'-Aminooxanilic acid 

3-Amino-2-oxazolidinone 

5-Amino-2- [(2-oxo-5-benzimidazolinyl ) aminojbenzene- 
sulfonic acid. 

p-Aminophenethyl alcohol 

5-Amino-2-o-phenetidinobenzenesulfonic acid 

o-Aminophenol 

p-Aminophenol 

(p- Ami nophenyl) acetic acid 

m- [(p-Ai7iinophenyl)azo]benzenesulfonic acid 

*P- [(p-Aminophenyl)azo]benzenesulfonic acid 

7- [C4-Aminophenyl)azo]-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic 
acid. 

5- [(p-Aminophenyl)azo] salicylic acid 

2,2'-(m-Aminophenylimino)diethanol, diacetate ester 

2-{p-Aininophenyl)-6-methylbenzothiazole 

2- [p-Aininophenyl)-6-methyl-7-benzothiazolesulfonic 
acid and salt. 

l-(m-Aininophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid 

J!,-2-Amino-l-phenyl-l,3-propanediol 

Aminopropiophenone hydrochloride 

3-Arainopyrazole-4-carboxamide sulfate 

2-Aminopyridine 

3-Aminopyridine 

4-Aminopyridine 

2-AininopyTimidine 

5-Aminosalicylic acid 

N- (4-Amino-3-sulfo-l-anthraquinonyl)anthranilic acid 

1- Amino- 2, 3,6,7- tetrahydro-4, 5,8- trihyd roxy- 
anthraquinone. 

2-Aminothiazole 

3-Amino-p-toluamide 

a-Amino-p-toluenesulfonamide 

5-Amino-o-toluenesulfonanilide 

*4-Amino-m-toluenesul£onic acid [S03H=1] 

5-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid [SOaH^l] 

6-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

5-Amino-2-p-toluidinobenzenesulfonic acid 

m- (4-Amino-m-tolylazo)benzenesulfonic acid 

3- [(4-Amino-o-tolyl)azo]-l ,5-naphthalenedi5ulfonic acid 

7-[(4-Amino-o-tolyl]azo]-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

5-Amino-2,4-x>'lenesulfonic acid 

t-Amylcyclopentadienylcyclopentadienyliron 

'Aniline (Aniline oil) 

Aniline hydrochloride 

1-Ani lino-4- hydroxy anthraquinone 

6-Anilino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 
(Phenyl gamma acid). 

*7-Anilino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 
(Phenyl J acid). 

*Anilinomethanesulfonic acid and salt 

*8-Anilino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Phenyl peri acid) 

m-Anilinophenol . 

p-Ani linophenol 

*o-Anisidine 

p-Ani si dine 

l-p-Anisidino-4-hydroxy anthraquinone 

*o-Anisidinomethanesulfonic acid 



ACS 
ACS 
ACS 
ACY 
AAP 
PD. 
ACS 
ACY 
DUP 
NOR 
DUP 

EKT 
ACS 
SDC 
DUP 
EK. 
DUP 
ACS 
TRC 

TRC 
DUP 
ACS 
DUP 

TRC 
PD. 
RSA 

X. 

NEP 
RIL 
NEP 
ACY 
AAP 
GAP 
DUP 

ACY 
SDH 
SDW 
GAP 
ACY 
TRC 
DUP 
DUP 
TRC 
TRC 
TRC 
DUP 
ARA 
ACS 
ACY 
AAP 
ACS 



DUP, GAP, TRC. 
DUP, EK, TRC. 



GAP, ICI, TRC. 
PCW. 



TRC. 
SDC. 



TRC. 

ACY, DUP, GAP, TRC. 



DUP. 
TRC. 



RIL. 

RIL. 



HSC, SNA. 
TRC. 



ACY, DUP, FST, MOB, RUC, USR. 



ALT, CMC, DUP, GAP, TRC. 



AAP 


ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


TRC, 


VPC 


ACS 


DUP, 


SDC, 


TCD. 






GAP 












SDC 












AAP 


DUP, 


MON. 








DUP 


MON. 










AAP 












DUP 


GAP, 


TRC, 


VPC. 







CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 31 

TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



2- (o-Anisidino)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

Anisole, tech 

p-Anisoyl chloride 

4- {o-Anisylazo)-o-anisidine 

Anthracene, refined 

Anthranilic acid (o-Aminobenzoic acid)' 

*Anthra(l,9-cd]pyrazol-6(2H)-one (Pyrazoleanthrone) 

Anthraquinone, 100% 

If 1'- [1,5 (and l,8)-Anthraquinonylenediamino]bis- 
naphth [ 2 , 3- c ] acridan- 5 , 8 , 1 4- tri one . 

*N,N'- (l,5-Anthraquinonylene)dianthranilic acid 

N,N'- (l,S-Anthraquinonylene)dioxaiiiic acid 

Cl-Anthraquinonyl)-l ,2-hydrazinedisulfonic acid, 
disodium salt. 

Anthrone 

Arsanilic acid and salt, tech 

Aryldi amines, mixed 

4' ,4' ' '-Azobis[4-biphenylcarboxylic acid] 

3,3' -Azoxydi aniline 

Barbituric acid 

Barbituric acid, sodium derivative 

*Benzaldehyde, tech 

4-[(4-Benzamido-l-anthraquinonyl)araino]naphth- 

[ 2, 3- c] acridan- 5, 8, 14- tri one. 
N- (5-Benzamido-l-anthraquinonyl)-p-toluenesulfonamide- 

l-Benzamido-4-bromoanthraquinone 

l-Benzaraido-4-chloroanthraquinone 

*l-Benzamido-5-chloroanthraquinone 

1- (4-Benzamido-2,5-diethoxyphenyl)-3- [niethyl-3- 

(2-sulfoethyl) triazene] . 
4-Benzamido-5-hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid-- 

7-Benzaraido-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesul£onic acid 

Benzanilide 

*7H-Benz[de]anthracen-7-one (Benzanthrone) 

m-Benzenedi sulfonic acid 

Benzenesulfonamide 

Benzenesulfonic acid 

Benzenesulfonyl chloride 

l,2,4,5-Benzenetetracarboxylic-l,2:4,5-dianhydride 

1,2,4-Benzenetricarboxylic acid 

1,3,5-Benzenetrisulfonyl chloride 

Benzhydrol CDiphenylmethanol) 

Benzidine hydrochloride and sulfate 

Benzilic acid 

2-Benzoazolethiol 

2-Benzofuranacetonitrile 

•Benzoic acid, tech' 

Benzoic acid, hydrazide 

Benzoin 

a- Benzoin oxime 

Benzonitrile 

Benzophenonetetracarboxylic di anhydride 

2-Benzothiazolethiol C2-Mercaptobenzothiazole) , 
sodium salt. 

IH-Benzotriazole 

2H-3,l-Benzoxazine-2,4(lH)-dione 

2-Benzoxazolinone-6-sulfonyl chloride 

*o-Benzoylbenzoic acid 

Benzoyl chloride 

2-Benzoylpyridine 

2-Benzoyl-4-sulfobenzoic acid 

2-Benzoyl-4'- (p-toluenesulfonamido)acetanilide 

N-Benzylacet amide 

Benzylamine 

4- (Benzylamino)-6-chloro-m-benzenedisulfonic acid 

2- (Benzylamino)ethanol 

p- ( Ben zylami no) phenol 

4-Benzyl-6-chloro-3-keto-2-methyl-7-sulfamyl- 
l,2,4-benzylthiadiazine-l,l-dioxide. 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



TRC 






DUP 


GIV 


LIL. 


ICO 






AAP 






ACP 






ACS 


DUP 


LEM, MEE. 


DUP 


GAF. 




ACY 


DUP, 


GAF, TRC. 


DUP 






DUP 


GAF, 


ICI, TRC. 


GAF 


MEE. 




DUP, 


GAF. 




ICI. 






ABB, 


FLN1. 




DA. 






DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 


GAF, 


VPC. 




ABB, 


LIL. 




ABB, 


KF. 




BPC, 


HN, 


VEL. 


DUP. 






ACS, 


ICI. 




AAP. 






DUP, 


GAF. 




ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP, GAF, ICI, MAY, TRC 


GAF. 






TRC. 






TRC. 






DUP. 






AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY, ATL, DUP, GAF, ICI 


KPT, 


UPF. 




NES. 






NFS, 


UPF. 




NES. 






DUP, 


PCR. 




ACC, 


EK. 




EK. 






PD, 


UOP. 




ACS, 


LAK. 




BPC. 






EK. 






EK. 






HK, 


HN, MON, PFZ, VEL. 


UP J. 






BPC. 






RSA. 






VEL. 






GOC. 






ACY, 


GYR, 


MON. 


MEE. 






MEE. 






SDC. 






ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF. 


HK, 


VEL. 




NEP. 






DUP. 






EK. 






SDW. 






ICO, 


MLS. 




ABD. 
MLS. 







See footnotes at end of table 



32 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2, --Cyclic intermediates: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



4 -Benzyl- 6-ch lor o-3-keto-7-sulf amy 1-1, 2,4- 

benzylthiadiazine-1 ,1-dioxide. 
l-Benzyl-4,5-dimethyl-6- (p-methoxybenzyl)- 

1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine oxalate. 

Benzyl disulfide 

Benzyl ether (Dibenzyl ether) 

N-Benzyl-N-ethyl-m-toluidine 

3- Benzyl- 1,2, 3,4,5, 6-hexahydro- 8-hydroxy-c is- 

6,ll-dimethyl-2,6-methano-3-benzazocine hydro- 
bromide. 

4,4'-Benzylidenedi-o-toluidine 

1- (Benzyloxy)- 4- nitrobenzene 

l-Benzyl-4-phenylisonipecotic acid 

l-Benzyl-4-phenylisonipecotonitrile 

Ben zy It rime thy 1 ammonium hydroxide 

Benzyl trimethylammonium methoxide 

*[3,3'-Bianthra[l,9-cd]pyrazole]-6,6'-(2H,2'H)dione 

(Pyrazoleanthrone yellow). 

[3,3'-Bi-7H-benz[de]anthracene]-7,7'-dione 

* [4,4 ' -Bi-7H-benz[de]anthracene]-7,7'-dione 

[l,l'-Binaphthalene]-8,8'-dicarboxylic acid 

Biphenyl 

2-Biphenylamine 

3,3* ,4,4' -Biphenyltetr amine 

2,2'-Biquinoline 

* 1,4 -Bis [l-anthraquinonylamino]anthraquinone 

1,4- Bis [1-anthraquinonyl amino Janthraquinone and 

1,4- Bis [5-chloro-l-anthraquinonylamino]anthra- 

quinone (mixed) . 

l,5-Bis[l-anthraquinonylamino]anthraquinone 

Bis [l-anthraquinonylamino]violanthrene 

1,4-Bis[ (5-benzamido-l-anthraquinonyl) amino] - 

anthraquinone. 

2 3- Bis (bromomethyl)quinoxaline 

a ,a'-Bis[5-tert-butyl-6-hydroxy-m-tolyl]mesitol 

Bis (chlorosulfonyl)phthalocyaninedisulfonic acid, 

copper derivative. 

4, 4 '-Bis (diethylamino)benzhydrol 

4,4 '-Bis [ di ethyl amino] ben zhydrol, 2,6-naphthalene- 

disulfonate. 
4,4-Bis (diethylamino)benzhydrol salt, 2,7- 

naphthalenedisulfonic acid mixture. 
4,4'-Bis[diethylamino]benzophenone (Ethyl ketone base)-- 
4-Bis[(p-diethylaminophenyl)methyl]-2,7-naphthalene- 

disulfonic acid, leuco form. 

4,4'-Bisfdimethylamino]benzhydrol (Michler's hydrol) 

4,4'-Bis [dimethylaminojbenzophenone (Michler's ketone)-- 
Bis [p-dimethylamino)phenyl]methanesulfonic acid and salt 

1 ,5-Bis[2,4-dinitrophenoxy]-4,8-dinitroanthraquinone 

l,5(and 1,8) -Bis[2,4-dinitrophenoxy]-4,8(and 4,5)dinitro 

anthraquinone . 

3'- [Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]benzanilide, diacetate ester-- 
3'- [ Bis (2-hydroxyethyl) amino] methanesulfonanilide, 

diacetate ester. 
4, 4 '-Bis [ (p-hydroxyphenyl)azo] 2, 2 '-stilbenedi sulfonic 

acid (C.l. Direct Yellow 4). 

1 ,3-Bis(p-methoxyphenyl)-l,3-propanedione 

Bis (2-methy 1- l-aziridinyl)phenylphosphine oxide 

2,4-Bis(l-methylbutyl)phenol 

1,4- Bis [2- (4-methyl-5-phenyloxazolyl) ]benzene (Di- 

methyl-POPOP). 

Bis (o-nitrophenyl) sulfide 

1,4-Bis[2- (5-phenyloxazolyl)]benzene (POPOP) 

2-Bromoacetophenone 

o-Bromoaniline 

p-Bromoaniline 



SDW. 

CCW. 

BPC, UOP. 
DUP. 
SDW. 



ACY. 
GAP. 
SDW. 
SDW. 
MLS. 
MLS. 
DUP, GAP, TRC. 

ACS, DUP. 

ACY, DUP, GAP, ICl, MAY. 

ACS. 

DOW, MON. 

NES. 

AAP. 

EK. 

ACY, DUP, GAP, MAY, TRC. 

TRC. 



ACS, DUP. 

GAP. 

ICl. 

EK. 

ACY. 

TRC. 

GAP. 
GAP. 



DSC. 
TRC. 

SDH. 

ACS, DSC, DUP. 

ACS 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 
DUP. 

TRC. 

BJL. 
ICO. 
PAS. 
ARA. 



ARA. 

EK. 

PIC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 33 

TABLE 2.--Cyclic intermediates: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



p-Bromoanisole 

*3-Bromo-7H-benz(de]anthracen-7-one (3-Bromobenz- 
anthrone) . 

Bromobenzene, mono- 

p-Bromobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

o-Bromobenzoic acid 

m-Bromobenzoyl chloride 

Bromochlorobenzene 

6-Broino-5-chlorobenzoxazolone 

Bromocyclopentane 

2-Broiiiodibenzofuran 

*2-Brorao-4,6-dinitroaniline 

Bromoethylbenzene 

2-Bromo-3' -hydrox>'acetophenone benzoate 

*l-Bromo-4- (methy 1 amino) an thraqui none 

6-Bromo-3-methyl-7H-dibenz[f ,ij ]isoquinoline-2 ,7- 
(3H)dione. 

3- CBromomethyl)thiophene 

1-Bromonaphthalene 

2-Bromo-4'-nitroacetophenone 

p-Bromophenol 

(p-Bromophenyl)acetonitrile 

p-Bromophenylhydrazine hydrochloride 

2-Broinopyridine 

a-Bromoresorcylic acid 

a-Bromotoluene 

o-Bromotoluene 

p-Bromotoluene 

2-Brorao-l,3,5-triethylbenzene 

4-N-Butoxyphenyl-8-morpholine propyl ether 

1- (Butylarainojanthraquinone 

p-Butylaniline 

2-tert-Butylanthraquinone 

p-tert-Butylbenzaldehyde 

n-Butylbenzene 

sec-Butylbenzene 

tert-Butylbenzene 

p-tert-Butylbenzoic acid 

o- (p-tert-Butylbenzoyl)benzoic acid 

2-tert-Butyl-p-cresol 

6-tert-Butyl-m-cresol 

(n-Butylcyclopentadienyl)cyclopentadienyliron 

2'-tert-Butyl-4' ,6'-dimethylacetophenone 

4- Butyl-a-( dime thy 1 amino) -o-cresol 

Butyl-p-(p-ethoxyphenoxycarbonyl)phenyl carbonate 

2-tert-Butyl-4-ethylphenol 

N'-Butyl-4-methoxymetanilamide 

2-tert-Butyl-5-methylani5ole 

o-sec-Butylphenol 

p- sec- Butyl phenol 

o-tert-Butylphenol 

p-tert-Butylphenol 

Butylphenols, mixed 

p-tert- Butyl toluene 

5-tert-Butyl-l,2,3-trimethylbenzene 

5- tert-Butyl-m- xylene 

6-tert-Butyl-2,4-xylenol 

Camphoric acid 

Camphoric anhydride 

d-10-Camphorsulfonic acid 

Camphosulfonic acid 

Carbamic acid, (l-methyl-5-nitroimidazol-2-yl )- 
methylester. 

Carbazole, refined 

1- (4-Carbonyl-o-anisyl)-3-methyl-3- (2-sulfoethyl) 
triazene. 

N,N'-Carbonylbis(4-methoxyraetanilic acid) 

N,N'-Carbonylbis (;4-methoxy-6-nitrometanilic acid) 

5'-(o-Carboxybenzoyl)-2'-chlorooxanilic acid 

N-[(3-Carboxy-4-chlorophenyl)-sulfonyl]anthranilic acid-- 



OPC. 
ACY, 



DUP, GAF, ICI, MAY. 



PD. 

EK. 

DOW. 

MEE. 

LIL. 

GAF. 

AAP, SDC, TRC. 

DOW, RSA. 

SDH. 

AAP, DUP, GAF, ICI. 

AAP. 

SDW. 

EK. 

GAF. 

EK. 

BPC. 

EK. 

NEP, RIL. 

ALL. 

EK. 

EK, RSA. 

BPC, EK. 

DUP. 

ABB. 

AAP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

GIV. 

PLC. 

PLC. 

CTN, PLC. 

SHC. 

DUP. 

ACY, PRD. 

KPT, PRD. 

ARA. 

GIV. 

RH. 

EK. 

ACY. 

ALL. 

GIV. 

DOW, PRD, TNA. 

DOW. 

TNA. 

DOW, 

DOW. 

GIV, 

GIV. 

GIV. 

PRD. 

FIN. 

FIN. 

OTC. 

LIL. 

MRK. 

SDC. 
GAF. 

GAF. 
GAF. 
GAF. 
TRC. 



PRD, UCC. 



34 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



3-Carboxy-2(and 4)-hydroxybenzenediazoniuiii sulfate 

[ Co-Carboxyphenyl)thio]ethylmercury 

Cedrene . 

2'-Chloroacetoacetanilide 

2'-Chloroacetophenone 

4 '-Chloroacetophenone 

2-Chloro-2' ,6'-acetoxylidide 

4'- (Chloroacetyl)acetanilide 

m-Chloroaniline 

o-Chloroaniline 

p- Chi oroani line 

3- (o- Chi oroani lino)propionitrile 

5-Chloro-o-anisidine [NH2=1] (4-Chloro-o-anisidine 
[0CH3=1]). 

5-Chloro-o-anisidine hydrochloride 

p-Chloroanisole 

4-Chloroanthranilic acid 

* l-Chloroanthraquinone 

*2-Chloroanthraquinone 

N- (5-Chloro-l-anthraquinonyl)-p-toluenesulfonainide 

o-Chlorobenzaldehyde 

p-Chlorobenzaldehyde 

4- (p-Chloroben2amido)anthraquinone-l,2-acridone 

Chloro-7H-benz[de]anthracen-7-one (Chlorobenz- 
anthrone) . 

•Chlorobenzene, mono- 

p-Chlorobenzenesulfinic acid 

p-Chlorobenzenesulfonamide 

p-Chlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

p-Chlorobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

o-Chlorobenzoic acid 

5-Chloro-2-benzoxazolinone 

*o- (p-Chlorobenzoyl)benzoic acid 

p-Chlorobenzoyl chloride 

4,4'- (o-Chlorobenzylidene)di-2,5-xylidine 

a- (p-Chloroben2yl)-a-phenyl-l-pyrrolidinepropanol 
hydrochloride. 

Chloro(p-chlorophenyl)phenyl me thane 

4-Chloro-3- (chlorosulfonyl)benzoic acid 

Chlorocyclohexane 

1-Chloro- 2, 5-diethoxy-4 -nitrobenzene 

2-Chloro-N,N-die thy 1-4-nitroani line 

2-Chloro-3' ,4'-dihydroxyacetophenone 

2-Chloro-l,4-dihydroxyanthraquinone 

4'-Chloro-3,5-diiodosalicylanilide 

4 '-Chloro-3,5-diiodosalicylanilide acetate 

4'-Chloro-2' ,5'-dimethoxyacetoacetanilide 

S-Chloro-4,7-dimethylbenzo[b] thiophen-3 (2H)-one 

4-Chloro-N,N-dimethyl-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide 

*l-Chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (Dinitrochlorobenzene) 

l-Chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene and 2-chloro-l,3-di- 
nitrobenzene mixture. 

3-Chloro-4,6-dinitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

4-Chloro-3,5-dinitroben2enesulfonic acid, potassium salt — 

3- Chlorodi phenyl amine 

Chlorodiphenylraethane 

2-Chloroethanol , p-toluenesulfonate 

N-(2-Chloroethyl)-N-ethylaniline 

Chloroforraic acid, benzyl ester 

Chloroformic acid, p-nitrobenzyl ester 

Chloroformic acid, phenyl ester 

l-Chloro-4-hydroxyanthraquinone 

5'-Chloro-3-hydroxy-2-naphth-o-anisidide 

3- Chloro-4-hydroxyquinoline-3, 4- carbonic acid 

6-Chloroisatoic anhydride 

4-Chlorometanilic acid 

5-Chlorometanilic acid 

*6-Chlorometanilic acid 

5-Chloro-2-methoxybenzenediazoniuin chloride 

N- [ (5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)azo]sarcosine 

p- (Chloromethyl)anisole 

*l-Chloro-2-methylanthraquinone 



ACS, GAF. 

LIL. 

CIV. 

FMP. 

EK. 

LIL. 

SDW. 

DUP. 

DUP, GAF. 

DUP, MON. 

DUP, MON. 

DUP. 

ALL, BUG. 

BUC, GAF. 



DUP, GAF, MAY, TRC. 
ACY, GAF, TRC. 



DOIV, DVC, HK, HKD, MON, MTO, NEV, OMC, PPG, SCC. 



ACY, DUP, GAF, HN, ICI. 



DUP. 

ACY, 

ACS, 

ICI. 

HN, 

HN. 

GAF. 

ACY, 

ACS, 
TRC. 
ACY. 
GAF. 
NES. 



ACS, 
HN. 
GAF. 
LIL. 

OPC. 
TRC. 
ACY. 
GAF. 
DUP. 
SDW. 
HSM. 



PCW. 

ACS. 

EKT, SDC. 

AAP, ACS, DUP, SDC. 

DUP. 

TRC. 

SDC. 

SK. 

OPC. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

RSA. 

EK. 

EK. 

ICI. 

BUC, PCW. 

SDH. 

MEE. 

DUP, 

ACS. 

AAP, 

GAF. 

ATL. 

SDW. 

ACS, 



GAF. 
DUP, GAF. 



ACY, CMC, DUP, GAF, ICI, TRC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 
TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



6-Chloro-4-methylbenzo[b] thiophene-2-ol 

4- (Chloromethyl)-l ,2-dimethylbenzene 

4- (Chloromethyl)-l ,3-dimethylbenzene 

1- (Chloromethyl) naphthalene 

4-Chloro-N-methyl-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide 

2-Chloro-5- (N-methylsulfamoyl) sulfanilamide 

5-Chloro-2-(n-methyl)-sulfariyl-4-sulfaniyl-n-benzylaiiu.ne 

Chloronaphthalenes 

*2-Chloro-4-nitroaniline (o-Chloro-p-nitroaniline) 

*4-Chloro-2-nitroaniline (p-Chloro-o-nitroaniline^ 

*l-Chloro-5-nitroanthraquinone 

l-Chloro-8-nitroanthraquinone 

*l-Chloro- 2- nitrobenzene (Chloro-o-nitrobenzene) 

l-Chloro-3- nitrobenzene (Chloro-m- nitrobenzene) 

1- Chi oro-4- nitrobenzene (Chloro-p-nitrobenzene) 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonaniide 

*4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonanilide 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

*4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

*4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

2-Chloro-4-nitrobenzoic acid 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzoic acid 

o-(4-Chloro- 3- nitrobenzoyl) benzoic acid 

4-Chloro-2-nitrophenol 

4-Chloro-3-nitrophenyl methyl sulfone 

2-Chloro-4-nitrotoluene 

2-Chloro-6-nitrotoluene 

4-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene 

4-Chloro-3-nitrotoluene 

a-Chloro-m-nitrotoluene 

o-Chlorophenol 

p-Chlorophenol 

2-Chlorophenothiazine 

4- (p-Chlorophenoxy) nitrobenzene 

(p-Chlorophenyl) ace tonit rile 

1- (p-Chloro-a-phenylbenzyl)-4-methylpiperazine 

4-Chloro-a-phenyl-o-cresol 

4-Chloro-o-phenylenediamine 

p-Chlorophenyl isocyanate 

3- (o-Chlorophenyl)-5-methyl-4-isoxazolecarbonyl 
chloride. 

1- (m-Chlorophenyl)-3-methyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

1- (p-Chlorophenyl) -3-methyl-2-pyrazolin-S-one 

p-Chlorophenyl methyl sulfone 

2-Chloro-4-phenylphenol 

1- [4- (p-Chlorophenyl)-3-phenyl-2-butenyl]pyrrolidine- 
hydrobroraide. 

[(o-Chlorophenyl)thio]acetic acid 

4-Chlorophthalic acid and sodium salt 

(3-Chloropropenyl)benzene (Cinnamyl chloride) 

1- (3-Chloropropyl)-4-methylpiperazine 

N'-(6-Chloro-3-pyridazinyl) sulfanilamide 

2-Chloropyridine 

6-Chloroquinaldine 

7-Chloro-4-quinoline 

2- (5-Chloro-2-quinonyl)-l ,3-indandione 

4-Chlororesorcinol 

2-Chloro-5-sulfamoylbenzoic acid 

4-Chloro-5-sulfamoylbenzoic acid 

2-Chlorothiophene 

m-Chlorotoluene 

o-Chlorotoluene 

p- Chi ore toluene 

*a-Chlorotoluene (Benzyl chloride) 

3-Chloro-o-toluidine [NHz^l] 

3-Chloro-p-toluidine [NH2 = 1] 

4-Chloro-o-toluidine [nH2=1] and hydrochloride 

5-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=1] (4-Chloro-o-toluidine 
[CH3=1]). 



ACY 








BPC 








BPC 








BPC 








TRC 








ABB 








ABB 








GAP 


KPS 






DOW 


DUP 


SDC. 




DOW 


DUP 


SDC, 


VPC. 


ACS 


ACY 


DUP, 


MAY, TRC 


DUP 


MAY 






AAP 


DUP 


MON, 


UPM. 


DUP 


GAF 






AAP 


DUP 


MON, 


UPM. 


AAP. 








AAP, 


DUP 


EKT, 


GAF, ICC 


TRC. 








ACS, 


CMC, 


TRC. 




AAP, 


DUP 


GAF. 




ACS, 


GAF 


TRC. 




DUP, 


EKT 


SDC. 




SAL. 








TRC. 








AAP, 


ACS, 


ICl. 




DUP, 


MEE. 






TRC. 








DUP. 








DUP. 








DUP. 








BUC. 








EK. 








DOW, 


MON. 






DOW, 


MON. 






SK. 








NES. 








OPC. 








ABB. 








MON. 








FMT. 








MOB. 








ICO, 


OTC. 






TRC. 








DUP, 


TRC. 






TRC. 








DOW. 








LIL. 








PCW. 








HK, 


NEE, 


SW. 




SDW. 








SK. 








ACY. 








FMT, 


NEP. 






DUP. 








SDW. 








DUP. 








AAP, 


GAF. 






TRC. 








TRC. 








FIS. 








HK. 








HN. 








HN. 








BPC, 


HK, 


HN, MON, VEL. 


DUP. 








DUP. 








ACY, 


BUC. 






DUP, 


SDH. 







36 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates: Manufacturers' identification codes, byproducts, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



5-Chloro-o-toluidine hydrochloride [NH2=1] 

N-[(5-Chloro-o-tolyl)azo]sarcosine 

1- C5-Chloro-o-tolyl)-l-tetrazene 

* [(4-Chloro-o-tolyl) thio]acetic acidr 

p-Chloro-a,a,a-trifluorotoluene 

4-Chloro-a,a,a-trifluoro-o-toluidine 

Chlorotriphenylme thane 

a-Chloro-o- xylene 

a-Chloro-p-xylene 

2-Chloro-p- xylene 

4-Chloro-2,5-xylenesulfonyl chloride 

4-Chloro-3,S-xylenol 

[(4-Chloro-2,5-xylyl)thio]acetic acid 

Cholesteryl nonanoate 

Cholesteryl oleyl carbonate (Misomorphic) 

Cholestyramine resin 

Cholic acid 

Cinnamoyl chloride 

*Cresols:^ 

m-Cresol 

*o-Cresol : 

From coal tar 

From petroleum 

p-Cresol 

Cresols, mixed :^ 
*("!.?) -Cresol: 

From coal tar 

From petroleum 

(o,m,p)-Cresol 

*Cresylic acid, refined:^ 

From coal tar 

From petroleum 

*Cumene 

p-Cumylphenol 

2- [p-(Cyanoacetamido)phenyl]-6-methyl-7-benzo- 
thiazolesulfonic acid. 

dl-a-Cyanocyclohexaneacetic acid, ethyl ester 

4- [C2-Cyanoethyl}ethylamino]-o-tolualdehyde 

p- [(2-Cyaiioethyl3methylaraino]benzaldehyde 

Cycloaliphatic epoxides 

*Cyclohexane 

1,4-Cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid, dimethyl ester 

1,2-Cyclohexanedicarboxylic anhydride 

1,3-Cyclohexanedione 

l,4-Cyclohexanedione-2,5-dicarboxylic acid, diethyl ester- 

*Cyclohexanol 

*Cyclohexanone 

Cyclohexanone oxime 

Cyclohexene 

a-1-Cyclohexene-l-acetic acid, ethyl ester 

4-Cyclohexene-l-carboxaldehyde 

4-Cyclohexene-l,2-dicarboximide 

4-Cyclohexene-l,2-dicarboxylic anhydride 

Cyclohexylamine 

5-Cyclohexyl-3-oxo-l-indancarboxylic acid 

Cyclohexyl-2-propanone 

N-Cyclohexyltaurine, sodium salt 

Cyclopent amine base 

Cyclopentadienyliron 

Cyclopent anepropionic acid . 

Cyclopentanol 

Cyclopentanonecarboxylic acid 

Cyclopentene 

Cyclopropanecarboxylic acid 

p-Cymene 

Decachlorodicyclopentadiene 

Deoxy cholic acid 

1,5 (and l,8)-Diacetamidoanthraquinone 

3,5-Diacetamido-2,4,6-triiodobenzoic acid 



See footnotes at end of table. 



ATL, SDH. 

ATL. 

GAP. 

ACS, ACY, ALL, GAF. 

HK. 

MEE. 

EK. 

BPC. 

BPC. 

DUP. 

ACS. 

OTA. 

ACS. 

EK. 

EK. 

MRK. 

WIL. 

ICO, UOP, X. 

KPT, PRD. 

KPT, PRD. 

KPT, MER, NPC, PRD. 

HPC, SW. 



ACP, KPT, PRD. 

MER, NPC, PIT, PRD. 

ACP, KPT, SW. 

ACP, KPT. 

MER, NPC, PIT. 

CLK, CSP, DOW, GOC, HPC, MOC, MON, SHC, SKO, SNT, 

SOC, TX. 
PCW. 
DUP. 



SDW. 
DUP, 
DUP, 
UCC. 
ASH, 
TX 
EK. 
ACS. 
PD. 
FMP. 
ACP, 
ACP, 
ACP, 
PLC. 
SDW. 
UCC. 
CHO. 
ACS, 
ABB, 
BJL. 
GIV. 
GAF. 
LIL. 
ARA. 
ARA. 
LIL. 
ARA. 
ARA, 
HEX. 
ACS, 
NES. 
WIL. 
AAP. 
SDW. 



GAF. 
GAF. 



ATR, CO, COR, CSD, ENJ, GOC, GRS, PLC, PPR, SOG , 
UOC. 



CNP, DBC, DUP, EKT, MON. 
CEL, CNP, DBC, DUP, MON. 
CNP. 



PTT. 
MON. 



PLC. 
HN, HPC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 
TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968 --Continued 



37 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



3'- [Di(2-acetoxyethyl)amino]-p-acetophenetidide 

3- (Dial ly Icarbamoy 1) - 1 , 2 , 2-trimethy Icyclopentane- 

carboxylic acid. 

N^,N^-Diallylme lamina 

*l,4-Diaminoanthraquinone 

1,5-Diaminoanthraquinone 

1,5 (and l,8)-Diaminoanthraquinone 

*2,6-Diaminoanthraquinone 

3,4-Diaminobenzanilide 

2,4-Diaminobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

2,5-Diaminobenzenesulfonic acid [SOsH^l] 

4,4'-Diamino-2,2'-biphenyldisulfonic acid 

l,5-Diamino-2,6-dibromo-4,8-di-p-toluidinoanthra- 

quinone. 

l,4-Diamino-2,3-dichloroanthraquinone 

*l,4-Diamino-2,3-dihydroanthraquinone 

4, 8-Diamino-9 , 10-dihydro- 1 , 5-dihydroxy-9 , 10-dioxo- 

2,6-anthracenedisulfonic acid. 
l,4-Diamino-9,10-dihydro-9,10-dioxo-2,3-anthracene- 

dicarbonitrile. 
l,4-Diamino-9,10-dihydro-9,10-dioxo-2,3-anthracene- 

dicarboximide. 

1,5- Diamine- 4, 8-dihydroxyanthraquinone 

l,S(and l,8)-Diamino-4,8(and 4,5)-dihydroxyanthraquinone 

4,5-Diaiiiino-l,8-dihydroxyantliraquinone 

4,4'-Diamino-5,5'-dimethyl-2,2'-biphenyldisulfonic acid- 

2,4-Diamino-6-phenyl-s-tria2ine 

2,6-Diaminopyridine 

6,7-Diamino-2,3-quinoxalinediol hydrochloride 

*4,4'-Diamino-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

1.5-Diamino-2,4,6,8-tetrabromoanthraquinone 

3,5-Diamino-p-toluenesulfonic acid [SOjH=l] 

4,6-Diamino-ra-roluenesulfonic acid [SOjH^l] 

3,5-Diamino-2,4,6-triiodobenzoic acid-.^ 

l,4:3,6-Dianhydroglucitol 

l,S-Dianilino-9,10-dihydro-9,10-dioxo-2,6-anthra- 

cenedicarboxylic acid. 

2,4-Dianilino-l-hydroxyanthraquinone 

6,8-Dianilino- 1-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

2,5-Dianilinoterephthalic acid 

Diary Iguanidine 

p-Diazo-N,N-dimethylaniline-l-amino-8-naphthol-3- 

sul£onate-6-sulfonic acid, sodium salt. 
5(and 3)-Diazo-6-oxo-l,3(and l,4)-cyclohexadiene- 

1-carboxylic acid. 

1,5-Dibenzamidoanthraquinone 

6,ll-Dibenzamido-16H-dinaphtho[2,3-a,2' ,3'-i]- 

carbazole-5,10,15,17-tetrone. 

*4,5'-Dibenzamido-l,l'-iminodianthraquinone 

Dibenzo[b,def]chrysene-7,14-dione 

Dibenzothiophene 

*l,5-Dibenzoylnaphthalene 

3'-(N,N-Dibenzyl)amino-p-acetanisidide 

N,N'-Dibenzylethylenedi amine 

N,N'-Dibenzylethylenediamine di acetate 

N,N'-Dibenzylidenetoluene-a,a-diamine 

N,N-Dibenzylsulfanilic acid 

2,4'-Dibromoacetophenone 

*3,9-Dibromo-7H-benz[de]anthracen-7-one 

ar-Dibromobenzene 

p-Dibromobenzene 

2,6-Dibromo-l,5-naphthalenediol 

2,6-Dibromo-4-nitrophenol 

5,13-Dibromo-8,16-pyranthrenedione 

Dibromoviolanthrone 

l,4-Dibutoxy-2-chloro-5-nitrobenzene 

2,5-Dibutoxy-4-morpholinobenzene sulfate 

diazoniumsulfate salt. 
1, I'-Di-n-Butyldicyclopentadienyliron 



TRC. 
WYT. 

ACY. 
ACS, 
DUP, 
AAP, 
AAP, 
DUP, 
ACS, 
TRC. 
AAP, 
ICI. 



CMC, DUP, GAF, TRC. 

GAP, TRC. 

ICI, TRC. 

ACS, GAF, ICI, TRC, VPC. 

TRC. 

DUP, TRC. 

ACS, ACY. 



CMC, DUP. 

ACY, ATL, DUP, GAF, HSH, ICC, ICI, MAY, TRC. 

TRC. 



DUP. 

ICC, 

DUP. 

ICI. 

AAP. 

RH, 

NEP, 

BJL. 

ACS, 

ICI. 

GAF. 

ACS, 

SDW. 

APD. 

ACS. 

GAF. 
ACS. 
SDC. 
DUP. 
IDC. 

DUP. 



VEL. 
RIL. 



ACY, DUP, GAF, GGY, SDH, TRC, VPC. 



GAF, TRC. 
ICI. 



ACS, 

ICI. 

EVN. 

ACY, 

SDC. 

WYT. 

WYT. 

SDH. 

ICI. 

EK. 

DUP, 

DOW. 

DOW. 

EK. 

MEE. 

ICI. 

GAF. 

BJL. 

ALL. 

ARA. 



ACY, DUP, GAF, ICI, MAY, TRC. 
DUP, GAF, HST, ICI, TRC, VPC. 



GAF, MAY, TRC. 



38 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



2,6-Di-tert-butyl-4-nonylphenol 

2,4-Di-tert-butylphenol 

Dibutyltin bis (cyclohexyl maleate) 

3' ,4'-Dichloroacetophenone 

3,4-Dichloroaniline 

2,5-Dichloroaniline and hydrochloride [NHa^l] 

3-(2,4-Dichloroanilino)-l-(2,4,6-trichlorophenyl)-2- 
pyrazo lin- 5- one . 

•1,5-Dichloroanthraquinone 

1,5 (and l,8)-Dichloroanthraquinone 

1,8-Dichloroanthraquinone 

2,6-Dichlorobenzaldehyde 

Dichlorobenzanthrone 

m-Dichlorobenzene 

*o-Dichlorobenzene 

*p-Dichlorobenzene 

4,6-Dichloro-m-benzenedisul£onajiiide 

4,6-Dichloro-m-benzenedisulfonyl chloride 

*3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine base and salts 

2,2'-Dichlorobenzil 

2,4-Dichlorobenzoic acid 

2,4-Dichlorobenzoyl chloride 

2,5-Dichlorobenzoyl chloride 

2,4-Dichloro-m-cresol 

7,16-Dichloro-6,lS-dihydro-5,9,14,18-anthrazine- 

tetrone. 
4,5-Dichloro-3,6-dioxo-l,4-cyclohexadiene-l,2-di- 
carbonitrile. 

Dichlorodiphenylsilane 

2' ,7'-Dichlorof lucres cein 

2- (5 , 8-Dich loro- 1-hydroxy- 2-naph thy laze) - 1-hydroxy- 
benzene-4-sulfonaiiiide . 

5,14-Dichloroisoviolanthrone 

*2,5-Dichloro-4- (3-me thy 1-5- oxo-2-py raze lin- 1-yl}- 
benzenesulfonic acid. 

Dich lorome thy Iphenylsi lane 

2,6-Dichloro-4-nitroaniline 

l,2-Dichloro-4-nitrobenzene 

l,4-Dichloro-2-nitrobenzene (Nitro-p-dichloro- 
benzene) . 

3,4-Dichloro-5(or 6)-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

2,5-Dichloro-3-nitrobenzoate, ammonium salt 

2,5- Dich loro- 3-nitrobenzoic acid 

2,5-Dichloro-3-nitrobenzoic acid, ethyl ester 

2,4-Dichlorophenol 

*3-(2',6'-Dichlorophenyl}-5-methyl-4-isoxazole 
carbonyl chloride. 

2,6-Dichloropyrazine 

3,6-Dichloropyridazine 

4,7-Dichloroquinoline 

3,5-Dichlorosalicylic acid 

2,5-Dichlorosulfanilic acid [SOsH^l] — • 

2,5-Dichloro-4-sulfobenzenediazonium sulfate 

p,a-Dichlorotoluene 

a,a-Dichlorotoluene (Benzal chloride) 

Dichloroxylene 

2,4-Dichloro-3,5-xylenol 

Dicyclohexylamine 

1,3-Dicyclohexy 1-2- thiourea 

*Dicyclopentadiene (includes cyclopentadiene) 

Dicyclopentadiene dioxide 

2' ,5'-Diethoxybenzanilide 

p-Diethoxybenzene 

2,5-Diethoxy-4-morpholinobenzenediazonium chloride, 
zinc chloride. 

p- (Diethylamino)benzaldehyde 

3' -[2- (Diethyl amino) ethyl] -4' -hydroxyacetanilide 

a-[(2-Diethylamino)ethyl]-a-phenylcyclohexane- 

methanol, hydrochloride. 
m-(Diethylamino) phenol (N,N-Diethyl-3-aminophenol)- 



GAF. 
DOW. 



DUP, MON. 
ACS, BUC, DUP. 
EK. 



DUP, GAP, ICI, TRC. 
ICI. 



CPD, DOW, DUP, DVC, HKD, MON, NEV, PPG, SCC, SVT. 
CPD, DOW, DVC, MON, NEV, PPG, SCC, SVT. 



ALL, CWN, LAK. 



ACS, 

DUP. 

GAP, 

DUP. 

ACY. 

EK, 

ACS, 

ACS, 

ABB. 

ABB. 

ACS, 

MTO. 

HN. 

HN. 

GAP. 

EKT. 

ICI. 

ARA. 



ICI. 

ACY, CMC, PCW, SDH, TRC, VPC. 



CWN, 


DUP, 


EKT, 


HSH, MEE. 


DUP, 


MON, 


SDC. 




AAP, 


DUP, 


SDC, 


VPC. 


MEE. 








GAP. 








GAP. 








GAP. 








DOW, 


MON. 






BKL, 


ICO, 


OTC. 




ACY. 








ACY. 








PD, 


SDW. 






ICO. 








CMC, 


DUP. 






TRC. 








HN. 








ACS, 


HK. 






BPC. 








OTA. 








ABB, 


MON. 






ABB. 








ENJ, 


GOC, 


UCC, 


VEL. 


VEL. 








GAP. 








GAP. 








ALL. 








ACS, 


GAP. 







CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 39 

TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



3-[(4-N,N-Diethylamino)phenylazo]-lH-l,2,4- 
triazole. 

3-(Diethylainino)propiophenone 

4- (Diethylamino)-o-tolualdehyde 

*N,N-Diethylaniline 

Diethylbenzene 

N,N-Die thy ley clohexyl amine 

N,N-Diethylmetanilic acid 

a.a'-Diethyl-4,4'-dimethoxystilbene 

N ,N'-Diethyl-4-methoxynietanilainide 

N, N-Die thy 1-p-nitrosoani line 

N,N-Diethyl-4-nitroso-ra-phenetidine 

N, N-Die thy 1-m-pheneti dine 

N,N-Diethyl-m-toluidine 

5, 15-Dihydro-5 ,9 , 14 , 18-anthrazinetetrone 

10,ll-Dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cyclohepten-5-one 

9 , 10-Dihydro- 1 , 4-dihydroxy-9 , 10-dioxo- 2-anthracene- 

sulfonic acid (2-Quinizarinsulfonic acid). 
N- (5 , 13-Dihydro-5 , 13-dioxoaceanthry leno [2, 1-a] - 

aceanthrylen-7-yl)-9,10-dihydro-l-nitro-9,10- 

dioxo-2-anthramide. 

9, lO-Dihydro-9, 10-dioxo- 1,5-anthracenedisulfonic acid 

*9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-l,5-anthracenedisulfonic 

acid, disodium salt. 
9 , lO-Dihydro-9 , 10-dioxo- 1 , 5 (and 1 , 8) -anthracenedi- 

sulfonic acid and salt. 
*9 , lO-Dihydro-9 , 10-dioxo- 1 , 8-anthracenedisulfonic 

acid, potassium salt. 
*9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-2,6-anthracenedisulfonic 

acid and salt. 
*9,10-Dihydro-9, 10-dioxo- l-anthracenesulfonic acid 

and salt (Gold salt) . 
9 , lO-Dihydro-9 , 10-dioxo- 2-anthracenesulfoni c acid 

and salt (Silver salt). 

9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-2-anthroic acid 

3,4-Dihydro-3,4-dioxo-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid, 

sodium salt. 
[Dihydrogen 3,3' '-phthalocyaninedisulfonato- 

(2-)] copper. 
10 , ll-Dihydro-5- [3- (methylaminopropyl) ]-SH-dibenzo- 

[a,d]cyclohepten-5-ol. 
*9 , lO-Dihydro-5-ni tro-9 , 10-dioxo- 1-anthracene- 

sulfonic acid. 
9 , lO-Dihydro-5 (and 8) -nitro-9 , 10-dioxo- l-anthra- 
cenesulfonic acid. 
9, 10-Dihydro-8-nitro-9, 10-dioxo- l-anthracenesulfonic acid- 
9, 10-Dihydro- 8, 9, 10-dioxo- l-anthracenesulfonic acid, 

sodium salt. 

9, 10-Dihydro- 1-ni tro-9, 10-dioxo- 2- anthroic acid 

*l,4-Dihydroxyanthraquinone (Quinizarin) 



*1,5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone (Anthrarufin) 

1,5 (and 1 , 8)-Dihydroxyanthraquinone 

1,8-Dihydroxyanthraquinone (Chrysazin) 

2,6-Dihydroxyanthraquinone (Anthraf lavic acid) 

4,5-Dihydroxy-m-benzenedisulfonic acid, disodium salt 

2,5-Dihydroxybenzenesulfonic acid, potassium salt 

2,4-Dihydroxyben2ophenone 

l,5-Dihydroxy-4,8-dinitroanthraquinone 

* 1 , 8-Dihydroxy-4 , 5-dini troanthraquinone (4 , 5-Di- 

nitrochrysazin) . 
l,5-Dihydroxy-4,8-dinitro-2,6-anthraquinone- 

disulfonic acid. 

10, 10 '-(Dihydroxyethanediylidene)dian throne 

Di-(B-hydroxyethyl) ether of hydroquinone 

3,4-Dihydroxyhydrocinnamic acid (Hydrocaffeic acid) — 
4,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

(Chromotropic acid) . 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



ACY. 














DUP. 














ACS, 


ACY, 


DSC 


DUP, 


SDH. 






DOW, 


KPP. 












DUP. 














DUP. 














LIL. 














PCW. 














ESA, 


GAP. 












GAP. 














GAP. 














DUP. 














TRC. 














LIL. 














AAP, 


HSH, 


PAT. 










ACS, 


ICI. 












ACY, 


TRC. 












GAP, 


ICI, 


TRC. 










DUP, 


TRC. 












GAP, 


ICI, 


TRC. 










AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY, 


GAP, 


ICI, 


TRC, 


VPC. 


AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAP, 


ICI, 


MAY, TRC 


ACY, 


DUP. 












ACS. 














EK. 














ICI. 














LIL. 














ACS, 


DUP, 


MAY, 


TRC. 








ICI. 














MAY. 














DUP. 















DUP, GAP. 

AAP, ACS, ACY, CMC, DUP, GAP, HSH, ICC, ICI, JTC, 

MAY, TRC. 

ACS, ACY, DUP, GAP, TRC. 

CMG, DUP, TRC. 

GAP, TRC. 

DUP, GAP, TRC. 
SDW. 
NES. 

DUP, DVC. 

ICC, ICI, TRC, VPC. 

DUP, GAP, ICC, ICI, TRC. 

DUP. 

ICI. 
CTN. 
BJL. 
ACS. 



40 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



6,7-Dihydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

116,21-Dihydroxypregiia-4 , 17(20)-cis-dien-3-one 

116,21-Dihydroxypregna-l,4,17(20)-cis-trien-3-one 

4,5-Dihydroxy-3- (p-sulfophenylazo)-2,7-naphthalene- 

disulfonic acid, trisodium salt. 

* 16,1 7- Dihydroxyviolan throne (Dihydroxydibenzanthrone) 

m-Diiodobenzene 

o-Diiodobenzene 

Dii sop ropy Ibenzene 

N,N'-Diisopropyl-p-phenylenediamine 

2,5-Dimethoxyaniline 

1,5 (and 1,8 )-Diniethoxyanthraqui none 

m-Dimethoxybenzene 

3, 3' -Dimethoxy benzidine (o-Dianisidine] 

3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine hydrochloride 

2 ,4-Dimethoxybenzoic acid 

3,5-Dimethoxybenzoic acid 

N,N'- [(3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,4'-biphenylylene)bis- (azo^Jbis- 

(N-methyltaurine) . 

2, 5- Dimethoxy- 6-methyl-8-nitrostyrene 

2,5-Dimethoxy-a-methylphenethylamine 

N- (3,4-Dimethoxy-a-methylphenethyl)-2- (4-ethoxy-3-methoxy- 

phenyl)acetamide. 

1,4- Dimethoxy- 2- nitrobenzene 

2,5-Dimethoxy-4'-nitrostilbene 

3,4-Dimethoxyphenethylamine (Homove rat ryl amine) 

4- (2' ,5'-Dimethoxyphenethyl ) aniline hydrochloride 

N- (3,4-Dimethoxyphenethyl)-2- (3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)- 

acetamide. 

(3, 4- Dimethoxy phenyl) acetic acid 

(3, 4- Dimethoxy phenyl)acetonitrile 

2, 5- Dimethoxy tetrahydrofuran 

16, 17-Dimethoxy viol an throne 

1,5- (Dimethyl amino) anthraquinone 

p- Dimethyl ami nob en zanilide 

m- (Dimethylamino)benzoic acid 

a- (Dimethyl amino)-p-cresol 

6-Dimethylamino-2- [2- (2, 5-dimethyl-l-phenyl-3-pyrryl )- 

vinyl]-l-methyl-l-quinolinium methyl sulfate. 
2- [[2- (Dimethylamino)ethyl]-2-thenylamino]pyridine 

(nonmedicinal grade) 

2-[[2-{Dimethylamino)ethyl]-3-thenylaminopyridine 

m- (Dimethyl amino )phenol 

N- (p-Dimethylaminophenyl)-l,4-naphthoquinoneimine 

*N,N- Dimethyl aniline 

7, 12- Dimethy lb enz [a] anthracene 

3,3'-Dimethylbenzidine (o-Tolidine) 

3,3' -Dimethy Ibenzidine hydrochloride 

N,N-Dimethylbenzyl amine 

a,a-Dimethylbenzylhydroperoxide 

4- (a,a-Dimethylbenzyl)-2-phenylazophenol 

*2, 2' -Dimethy l-l,l'-bianthraquinone 

N,N-Dimethylcyclohexylamine 

5,5-Dimethylhydantoin 

2, 3- Dimethyl indole 

2,5-Dimethyl-4 (2)-morpholinylmethylphenol hydrochloride — 

N,N- Dimethy 1-p- nit rosoani line 

N,N- Dimethy 1-3- nit ro-p-toluenesulfonamide 

6,6-Dimethyl-2-norpinene-2-ethanol 

5,5-Dimethyl-2,4-oxazolidinedione 

N,N- Dimethy 1-p-phenylenediamine 

N,N- Dimethyl- p-phenylenediamine hydrochloride 

N,N- Dimethy 1-p-phenylenediamine sulfate 

1,4- Dime thy 1 piper azine 

N-[[4- (Dimethy Is ulfamoyl) -o- to lyljazo] -N-methyl-5-sulf o- 

anthranilic acid. 

N, N- Dimethy Isulfani lie acid . 

2,4-Dimethythiazole 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-toluidine 

2,4-Dinitroacetanilide 



GAF, IDC. 
UP J. 
UPJ. 



DUP, GAF, ICl, MAY. 



USR. 
EKT. 



CWN, DUP, SDH. 
CWN. 



ACY, 

EK. 

EK. 

DOW. 

DUP, 

ALL, 

TRC. 

ACY. 

ALL, 

ALL, 

ACY. 

ICO. 

GAF. 



LIL. 
UPJ. 
LIL. 

LIL. 

LIL. 

HEX. 

GAF, ICI, MAY. 

AAP. 

DUP, TRC. 

SDH. 

TKL. 



SDW. 
ACY. 
ACS. 
ACS, 
EK. 



ACY, DSC, DUP, SDH. 

CWN, DUP. 
DUP, EK. 
RH. 
CLK. 

ACS, ACY, CMC, DUP, GAF, ICI,. TRC. 
DUP, EKT. 



ACY, ESA. 



ALL, 

CWN, 

MLS. 

ACP, 

TRC. 

AAP, 

ABB, 

GLY. 

DUP. 

IDC. 

ACS, 

GAF. 

RDA. 

EK. 

EKT. 

EK. 

EK. 

JCC. 

GAF. 



EK, RSA, SEL. 
SDC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 
TABLE 2.-CycUc intermediates: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- Continued 



*2,4-Dinitroaniline 

p- (2,4-Dinitroanilino)phenol 

1,5 (and l,8)-Dinitroanthraquinone 

N,N'- (2,4-Dinitro-l,5-anthraquinon)'lene)dioxaiiiic acid. 

*3' ,4-Dinitrobenzanilide 

m-Di nitrobenzene 

2,4-Dinitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

3,5-Dinitrobenzoic acid 

3,5-Dinitrobenzoyl chloride 

3,3' -Dinitro-4,4'-biacetanilide 

10,10'-Dinitro[3,3'-bi-7H-benz[de]anthracene]-7,7'-dione 

Dinitrocaprylphenol 

2,4-Dinitrocujiiene 

1- (3,5-Dinitro-2-hydroxyphenylazo)-2-naphthol 

*2,4-Dinitrophenol , tech 

[2, 4- Dinitrophenyl) hydrazine 

3,5-Dinitrosalicylic acid 

*4,4'-Dinitrostilbene-2,2 '-di sulfonic acid 

2,4-Dinitrotoluene 

2,4 (and 2,6)-Dinitrotoluene 

3,5-Dinitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

Dinonyl phenol 

2,4-Di-tert-pentylphenol 

Di-tert-pentylphenoxy acetyl chloride 

1,5-Diphenoxyanthraquinone 

1,5 (and l,8)-Diphenoxyanthraquinone 

Dipheny lace tic acid 

*Dipheny lamina 

2,8-Diphenylanthra[l,2-d:6,5-d']bisthiazole-6,12-dione,, 

1,1 -Dipheny 1 ethylene 

N,N' -Dipheny lethylenediamine 

2,5-Diphenyloxazole 

l,3-Diphenyl-l,3-propanedione 

2,2'-Dithiodibenzoic acid 

*l,4-Di-p-toluidinoanthraquinone 

1 ,5-Di-p-toluidinoanthraquinone 

1,8-Di-p-toluidinoanthraquinone 

*Divinylbenzene 

Dodecylbenzene. (See Alkylbenzenes .) 

Dodecylbenzene chloride 

*p-Dodecylphenol 

Eos in (2' ,4' ,5 ' , 7'-Tetrabromof luorescein) 

l,2-Epoxy-3- (2-biphenylyl)propane 

(Epoxyethyl)benzene 

o-Ethoxybenzoic acid 

1- (4-Ethoxy-3-methoxybenzyl )-6, 7-diiiiethoxy-3- 
methy 1 i soquinone . 

2-Ethoxy-l-naphthoyl chloride 

4-Ethoxy-o-phenylenediamine 

3- (Ethyl ami no) -p-cresol 

3- (Ethylamino)-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

N-E thy 1 aniline, refined 

2- (N-Ethylanilino)ethanol 

[2- (N-Ethylanilino)ethyl ] t rime thy 1 ammonium chloride 

3- (N-E thy lanilino)propionit rile 

a- (N-Ethylanilino)-m-toluenesulfonic acid 

*a-(N-Ethylanilino)-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

N-Ethyl-p-anisidine 

2-Ethylanthraquinone 

*E thy 1 benzene 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



0- (p-Ethylbenzoyl)ben2oic acid 

Ethylbenzyl chloride 

9-Ethylcarbazole 

N- Ethy 1-1- eye lohexen-1-yl amine 

N-E thy Icyclohexyl amine 

3,3'-Ethylenedioxydiphenol 

Ethylene glycol dibenzenesulfonate 

Ethylenimine 

2-[N-Ethyl-p-[(6-methoxy-2-benzothiazolyl)azo]- 
anilinojethanol . 



AAP, ACY 


SDC. 






GAF, SDC 








AAP, ICI, 


TRC. 






TRC. 








AAP, DUP, 


TRC. 






ACS, DUP 








EK, TRC. 








FIS, SAL. 








EK. 








AAP. 








DUP, MAY 








RH. 








DUP. 








TRC. 








AAP, ACS, 


SDC. 






EK. 








EK, SAL. 








ACS, ACY, 


DUP, GAF, 


GGY, SDH, TCD, TRC. 




ACS, DUP, 


RUC. 






DUP, MOB, 


UCC. 






GAF. 








GAF. 








PAS, X. 








X. 








DUP, VPC. 








DUP. 








ARA. 








ACY, DOW, 


DUP, EST, 


ORO, RUC, USR. 




ICI. 








EK. 








RPC. 








ARA. 








ALD, EK. 








LIL, MEE. 








ACS, ATL, 


GAF, ICI, 


TRC. 




ICI. 








ICI. 








DOW, FG, 


KPP. 






CO. 








GAF, MON, 


UCC, X. 






ICC. 








NES. 








UCC. 








ACY. 








LIL. 








ICO, OPC, 


WYT. 






TRC. 








DUP. 








DUP. 








ACS, ACY, 


DUP, SDH. 






DUP, EKT. 








DUP. 








DUP, EKT. 








GAF, SDH. 








ACS, TRC, 


VPC, WJ. 






EKT. 








ACS, DUP. 








COR, CSD, 


DOW, ENJ, 


FG, KPP, MON, SHC, SIN, SKC, SNT 


SOG, TOC, UCC. 






ACS, DUP. 








BPC. 








SDC. 








X. 








ABB. 








IDC. 








NES. 








DOW. 








TRC. 









42 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. — Cyclic intermediates: Manufacturers' identification codes, byproducts, 1968 — Continued 



chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



N-Ethyl-N- (2-niethylsulfonamidoethyl)-m-toluidine 

N-Ethyl-1-naphthy lamina 

a-Ethyl-3-nitrocinnainic acid 

p-Ethylphenol 

*N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamine 

Ethylphenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester 

1- (o-Ethylpheny 1 )-3-methyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

5-Ethyl-2-picoline (2-Methyl-5-ethylpyridine) (MEP) 

1-Ethylpiperidine 

4-Ethylpyridine 

6-Ethy 1-1, 2,3,4- tetrahydro- 1,1, 4,4- tetramethyl- 

naphthalene. 

N-Ethyl-m-toluidine 

N-Ethyl-o-toluidine 

3- (N-Ethyl-in-toluidino]-l,2-propanediol 

3- (N-Ethyl-m-toluidino)propionitri le 

1-Ethynyl-l-cyclohexanol 

Fluoren-9-one 

Fluorescein (3' ,6'-Dihydroxyfluoran3 

l-Fluoro-2, 4- di nitrobenzene 

o-Fluorotoluene 

4-Foniiyl-m-benzenedisulfonic acid 

o-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid (o-Sulfobenzaldehyde] 

Fur an 

Furfuryl alcohol 

Furfurylamine 

2-Furoic acid, methyl ester 

2-Furoyl chloride 

N-Glycoloylarsanilic acid, sodium salt 

Hexachlorobenzene 

Hexachlorocyclopentadiene 

l,4,S,6,7,7-Hexachloro-5-nitrobomene-2,3-dicarboxylic 

anhydride. 
1,4,5,6,7, 7-Hexach loro-5-norbomene- 2 , 5- di carboxy lie aci d 

Hexadecachlorophthalocyanine 

Hexafluorobenzene 

l,2,3,4,5,6-Hexahydro-8-hydroxy-cis-6,ll-dimethyl-2,6- 

methano-2-benzazocine. 

Hexahydro-l-methyl-4-phenyl-lH-azepine-4-carbonitrile 

Hexa(2-methyl-l-aziridinyl)-l,3,5-phosphotriazine 

Hippuric acid 

p-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid 

3-Hydrazino-5-nitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

4-Hydrazino-m-toluenesulfonic acid 

Hydrazobenzene 

Hydroabiety 1 alcohol 

*Hydroquinone, tech 

3'-Hydroxyacetophenone 

3' -Ilydroxyacetophenone benzoate 

6'-Hydroxy-m-acetototuidide 

p-Hydroxybenzaldehyde 

*p -Hydroxy ben zenesulfonic acid 

p- Hydroxy ben zoic acid 

o- (p-Hydroxybenzoyl)benzoic acid 

3' -Hydroxy-2 (N-benzy l-N-methylamino)acetophenone 

4-Hydroxycoumarin 

3- [N- (2-Hydroxyethyl)anilino]propionitrile 

3- [N- C2-Hydroxyethyl)anilino]propionitrile, acetate 

3- [N- (2-Hydroxyethyl)anilino]propionitrile, benzoate 
ester. 

N-6-Hydroxyethyl-2,4-dihydroxybenzamide 

3-Hydroxy-M- (2-hydroxyethyl )-2-naphthamide 

N- [7-Hydroxy-8- [2-hydroxy-5- (methylsulfamoylphenyl)azo]- 

1-naph thy l]acet amide . 
6'-Hydroxy-5 '- [ (2-hydroxy-5-nitrophenyl)azo]-m-aceto- 

toluidide. 
N- [7-Hydroxy-8- [ (2-hydroxy-5-nitrophenyl)azo]- 1-naphthyl] 

acetamide . 
7-Hydroxy-8- [ [4'- [ (p-hydroxyphenyl )azo]-4-biphenylyl]azo] 

1,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
7-Hydroxy-8- [[4'- [ (p-hydroxyphenyl)azo]-3,3'-dimethyl-4- 

biphenylyljazo]- 1,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 



WAY. 

DSC, DUP. 

SDW. 

ACY. 

ACS, DUP, SDH. 

BPC, MAL. 

TRC. 

UCC. 

RIL. 

RIL. 

GIV. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

EKT. 

DUP, EKT. 

ACS, cue, EKT. 

EK. 

ICC. 

EK. 

EK. 

GAP, SDH. 

SDH, VPC. 

DUP, QKO. 

QKO. 

MLS. 

EK. 

EK. 

SDW. 

DVC. 

HK, VEL. 

VEL. 

HK, VEL. 
ICC. 
WHC. 
SDW. 

WYT. 

ICO. 

BPC. 

GAF, WJ. 

STG. 

GAF. 

x. 

CRS, DA, EKT. 

SDH. 

SDH. 

TRC. 

DOW. 

DOW, MON, PRD. 

HN. 

LIL. 

SDW. 

ABB. 

DUP, ICC. 

EKT. 

DUP. 

IDC. 
IDC. 
TRC. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

TRC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 43 

TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



2-Hydroxy-a' .a'-mesitylenediol 

* 4- Hydroxymet anil amide 

*4-Hydroxy7netanilic acid 

4- (4- Hydroxy- 3-methoxybenzylidine}-l-iiie thy 1-2, 3-pyrro- 
lidinedione. 

4-Hydroxy-l-methylcarbostyril 

*3-Hydroxy-2-iiiethylcinchoninic acid 

4- Hydroxy-N* -met hylmet anil amide 

N- (Hydroxymet hyl)pht ha limide 

3-Hydroxy-N- (3-N-morpholinopropyl )-2-naphthamide 

3-Hydroxy-2, 7- naphtha lenedi sulfonic acid 

*3-Hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, disodium salt. 

7-Hydroxy- 1 , 3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

7-Hydroxy-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, disodium salt. 

4-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonamide 

4-Hydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

5-Hydroxy- 1-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

*6-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

*6-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

7-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesuIfonic acid (Cassella's acid) 

8-Hydrox>'- 1-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

4-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid, benzene sulfonate, 
sodium salt. 

8-Hydrox>--l-iiapht'-alenesulfonic acid, y-sultone 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthanilide (Naphthol AS) 

l-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid 

3-Hydroxy- 2- naphthoic acid (B-O.N.) 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid, methyl ester 

3-Hydroxy- 2- napht ho- o-toluidide 

N- (2-Hydroxy-l-naphthyl)acet amide 

*N- (7-Hydroxy- l-naphthyl)acet amide 

1- (2-Hydroxy-l-naphthylazo)-6-nitro-2-naphthol-4- sulfonic 

acid. 
4-Hydroxy-7- (p-nitrobenzaraido)-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid- 
2-Hydroxy-5-nitroraetanilic acid 

1- (2- Hydroxy- 4-nitrophenylazo)-2-naphthol 

2- (m-Hydrox)-phenoxy)ethanol 

3- [4- (4'-Hydroxyphenylazo)-2,5-dimethoxyphenylazoJ- 

benzenesulfonic acid. 

3-Hydroxy-4- (phenylazo)-2-naphthoic acid 

lla-Hydroxyprogesterone 

4-Hydroxypropiophenone 

a, a'- [ (a-Hydroxy-p-sulfobenzylidene)bis [ (3-methyl-p- 
phenylene)(ethylimino)] ]di-m-toluenesulfonic acid. 

1- Hydroxy- 4-p- to luidinoanthraquinone 

2- Imidazolidinone modifications 

*1, I'-Iminobis [4-aminoanthraquinone] 

1,1' -Imi nobis [4-benzamidoanthraquinoneJ 

l,l'-Iminobis [5-benzamidoanthraquinone] 

7,7'-Iminobis [4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid] 

*1, 1'-Iminobis [4-nitroanthraquinone] 

*l,l'-Iminodianthraquinone (l,l'-Dianthrimide) 

Indole-3-acetonitrile 

Indole-2,3-dione 

5-Iodoanthranilic acid . 

Isobutylbenzene 

•Isocyanic acid derivatives: 

Bitolylene diisocyanate (TODI) 

Cyclohexyl isocyanate 

Dianisidine diisocyanate (DADI) 

3,4-Dichlorophenyl ester 

Dicyclohexylmethane-4, 4 '-diisocyanate 

*Diphenylraethane-4, 4 '-diisocyanate (MDI) 

Phenyl isocyanate 

Polyisocyanates (complex) 

*Polymethylene polyp henylisocyanate 

Toluene 2, 4- diisocyanate 

Toluene 2,4- and 2,6-diisocyanate (6S/3S mixture) 

•Toluene 2,4- and 2,6-diisocyanate (80/20 mixture) 

p-Tolyl ester 

Other 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



ACY. 








ACS, 


CMC, 


DUP, 


TRC, VPC 


ACS, 


CWN, 


DUP, 


TRC. 


EK. 








ICC. 








DUP, 


GAP, 


ICC, 


TRC. 


TRC. 








ACY. 








IDC. 








TCD. 








ACS, 


ACY, 


GAP, 


TRC, WJ. 


DUP, 


TCD 


TRC. 




ACS, 


ACY. 






GAP. 








ACS, 


DUP. 






ACS, 


TRC. 






ACS, 


SNA, 


TMS. 




ACY, 


TRC, 


WJ. 




DUP. 








GAP, 


VPC. 






GAP. 








ACY. 








ATL, 


BUC, 


PCW. 




ACS. 








BUC, 


DUP, 


PCW. 




PCW. 








ATL, 


BUC, 


PCW. 




ACY. 








CMG, 


GAP, 


TRC. 




TRC. 








DUP, 


GAP. 






TRC. 








TRC. 








BJL. 








TRC. 








ICC. 








UP J. 








MLS. 








TRC. 









ACY, 


DUP, 


GAP 


ICI 


MAY, TRC. 


ACY, 


MAY. 








ICI, 


TRC. 








ACS, 


DUP. 








ACY, 


DUP, 


ICI 


MAY 


TRC. 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAP, 


ICI 


TRC. 


BJL. 










ACS. 










SDW. 










PLC. 










UP J. 










OTC. 










CWN, 


UP J. 








DUP. 










DUP. 










ACS, 


DUP, 


MOB, 


UPJ 




CWN, 


MOB. 








MOB. 










KAI, 


MOB, 


UPJ. 






DUP, 


MOB, 


UCC. 






DUP, 


MOB. 








ACS, 


DUP, 


MOB, 


OMC, 


RUC, UCC, WYN 


EK. 










DUP, 


EK, 


MOB, 


OTC, 


UCC. 



44 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



Isonicotinic acid, methyl ester 

Isonicotinonitrile 

Isooctylphenol 

Isophthalic acid (Benzene-l,3-dicarboxylic acid} 

Isophthalic acid, diallyl ester 

Isophthalic acid, dimethyl ester 

Isophthalic acid, diphenyl ester 

Isophthaloyl chloride 

Isopropylbenzyl chloride 

Isopropylcresol 

4,4'-Isopropylidenebis [2,6-dibromophenol] (Tetrabromo- 

bisphenol A} . 
4,4'-Isopropylidenebis [2,6-dichlorophenol] (Tetrachloro- 

bisphenol A) . 
5,5'-Isopropylidenebis(2-hydroxy-m-xylene-a,a'-diol) 

*4,4'-Isopropylidenediphenol (Bisphenol A) 

4,4'-Isopropylidenediphenol, ethoxylated 

4,4'-Isopropylidenediphenol, propoxylated 

o-Isopropylphenol 

4-Isopropyl-m-phenylenediamine 

Isoviolanthrone (Isodibenzanthrone) 

*Leuco quinizarin (1,4,9,10-Anthratetrol) 

2,4-Lutidine 

3,4-Lutidine 

Mandelonitrile 

*Melainine 

*dl-p-Mentha-l,8-diene (Limonene) 

p-Mentha-l,4(8)-diene 

p-Menth-1-ene 

*o-Mercaptobenzoic acid (Thiosalicylic acid) 

Metanil amide 

*Metanilic acid (m-Arainobenzenesulfonic acid) 

l-Methoxyanthraquinone 

6- (2'-Methoxybenzenesulfonamido)-2-benzoxazolinone 

4-Methoxymetanilic acid 

N-(2-Methoxy-l-naphthyl)acetajiiide 

(m-Methoxyphenyl)acetic acid 

(p-Methoxyphenyl)acetic acid 

5- [n- (2'-Methoxy)phenyl]-2-aminophenol 

4-Methoxy-m-phenylenediajiiine sulfate 

4'-Methoxypropiophenone 

1- (Methylamino)anthraquinone 

1- (Methylamino)-4-p-toluidinoanthraquinone 

N-Methylaniline 

2- (N-Methylaniline)ethanol 

3- (N-Methylanilino3propionitrile 

5-Methyl-o-anisidine [NH2 = 1]-- 

m-Methylanisole 

N-Methylanthranilic acid 

2-Methylanthraquinone 

3-Methylbenzo[f]quinoline 

3-Methylbenzo[f]quinoline-8,10-disulfonic acid 

2-Methylbenzothiazole 

2-Methylbenzyl alcohol 

N-Methylbcnzylamine 

Methyl benzyl ether 

5- (1-Methylbutyl}barbituric acid 

3-Methylcholanthrene 

Methylcyclohexane 

Methylcyclopentadiene 

N-Methyldicyclohexylaraine 

4-Methyl-a,a-diphenyl-l-piperazineethanol, dihydro- 
chloride. 

N-Methyleneaniline 

4,4'-Methylenebis [2-chloroaniline] 

4,4'-Methylenebis[N,N-diethylaniline] 

*4,4'-Methylenebis[N,N-dimethylaniline] (Methane base) 

4,4'-Methylenebis [N,N-dimethyl-3-nitro aniline] 

2,2'-Methylenebis (6-nonyl-p-cresol) 

4,4'-Methylenedianiline 

5,5'-Methylenedisalicylic acid 



RIL. 

RIL. 

PRD. 

ACC, SOC. 

FMP. 

MTR. 

BJL. 

DUP. 

BPC. 

KPT. 

DOW. 

DVC. 



ARK. 










DOW, 


GE, 


MON, 


SHC, 


UCC. 


APD. 










APD. 










TNA. 










DUP. 










ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF 






AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY 


EKT 


ICC, TRC 


ACP, 


KPT, 


RIL 






RIL. 










KF. 










ACP, 


ACY, 


FIS 


RCI 




ARZ, 


GIV, 


HN, 


NCI. 




GIV. 










GIV. 










EVN, 


LIL, 


MED 


WAY 




CMC, 


VPC. 








ACY, 


DUP, 


TRC 






GAP. 










SDC. 










ACY, 


VPC. 








TRC. 










SDW. 










CTN. 










SDC. 










WAY. 










LIL. 










AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY 


DUP, 


GAF, ICI 


GAP, 


ICI. 








ACY, 


DUP. 








GAP. 










DUP. 










DUP, 


SDC. 








GIV. 










GIV, 


ICC. 








ACS, 


ACY. 








ACY. 










DUP. 










PUT. 










UCC. 










MLS, 


SDW. 








UCC. 










LIL. 










EK. 










PLC. 










ENJ, 


VEL. 








ABB. 










ABB. 










DUP. 










DUP. 










ACY, 


GAP, 


TRC. 






ACY, 


DSC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


SDH, X. 


GAP. 










ACY. 










ACS, 


DOW, 


DUP, 


MOB. 




HN. 











CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 45 

TABLE 2. — Cyclic intermediates: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968 — Continued 



Chemical 



N-Methylformanilide 

Methylhydroquinone 

6-Methyl-2-(2-methyl-6-quinolyl)-7-benzothiazolesulfonic 
acid. 

5-Methyl-4-nitro-o-anisidine 

4-Methyl-2-nitroanisole 

*2-Methyl-l-nitroanthraquinone 

2-Methyl-5-nitroimidazole 

N-Methyl-N-nitroso-p-toluenesulfonamide 

2-Methyl-S-norbomene-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride 

Methylnorbomene-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride, isomers 

m- (3-Methyl-S-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonamide 

m- (3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic acid — 

*p- (3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic acid — 
3- (3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)-l ,5-naphthalenedi- 

sulfonic acid. 
6- (3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)-l,3-naphthalene di- 
sulfonic acid. 

*4- (3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)-m-toluenesulfonic 
acid [S03H=1]. 

2-Methyl-5-phenylbenzoxazole 

1-Methyl-l-phenylhydrazine 

l-Methyl-4-phenylisonipecotic acid 

5-Methyl-3-phenyl-4-isoxazolecarboxylic acid 

*3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one (Developer Z) 

3-Methylphthalic anhydride 

1-Methylpiperazine 

4-Methyl-l-piperazineacetic acid, methyl ester 

N-Methyl-N-(2-propynl)benzylamine 

3-Methyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

1-Methylpyrrole 

8-Methylquinoline 

*a-Methylstyrene 

ar-Methylstyrene (Vinyl toluene) 

2- (Methylsulfonyl)-4-nitroaniline 

4- (Methyl thio)-m-cresol 

3-Methylthiophene 

p- (Methylthio) phenol 

3-Methyl-6-p-toluidino-7H-dibenz[f ,ij]isoquinoline- 
2,7(3H)-dione. 
3-Methyl-l-m-tolyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

♦Naphthalene, solidifying at 79° C. or above (refined flake) 
(from domestic crude). 

1,5-Naphthalenediol (1 ,5-Dihydroxynaphthalene) 

1, 5- Naphthalenedi sulfonic acid 

2,7-Naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

1-Naphthalenesulfonic acid 

l-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid 

2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

1-Naphthalenesulfonyl chloride 

2-Naphthalenesulfonyl chloride 

l,4,S,8-Naphthalenetetracarboxylic acid 

1,3,6-Naphthalenetrisulfonic acid 

Naphthalic anhydride 

Naphthalimide 

*l-Naphthol (a-Naphthol) 

2-Naphthol, tech. (6-Naphthol) '— 

p-Naphtholbenzein 

1,2-Naphthoquinone 

Naphthostyril 

*Naphth[l,2-d] [l,2,3]oxadiazole-S-sulfonic acid 

1-Naph thy 1 amine (a-Naphthylamine) 

p-(2-Naphthylainino)phenol (N-(p-Hydroxyphenol)-2- 
naphthylaraine) . 

2- (Naph thy Ithio) acetic acid 

Nicotinonitrile (3-Cyanopyridine) 

Nitro-aceanthra[2,l-a]aceanthrylene-5,13-dione 

3'-Nitroacetanilide 

4'-Nitroacetanilide 

4'-Nitro-o-acetanisidide 



See footnotes at end of table. 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



DUP, GAF, ICl. 
EK. 



VPC. 
VPC. 
ACY, CMG, DUP, GAF, TRC, VPC. 



MLS. 
EKT. 
DUP. 

PCW. 
SDC. 
ACS, 
RDA. 
ALD, 
VEL. 
ACS. 
CMG, 
TRC, 
AAP, 
TRC. 

TRC. 



CMG, GAF, TRC, VPC. 



EK. 

EK. 

SDW. 

ICO. 

ACS, 

EK. 

WTC. 

ABB. 

ABB. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

EK. 

ACP, 

DOW. 

EKT. 

CRZ. 

SDW. 

CRZ. 

GAF, 



ACY, DUP, GAF, SDC, SDH, SDW, VPC. 



CLK, DOW, HPC, SKO, WTC. 



DUP. 

ACS, KPT, RIL. 

ACS. 

ACS. 

ACS, DUP. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

ACS, ACY. 

ACY. 

EK. 

DUP. 

GAF, 

GAF. 

DUP. 

ACS, 

ACS, 

ACS, 

EK. 

EK. 

ACS. 

ACS, 

ACS, 

SDC. 



HST, TRC. 



DUP, GAF. 
DUP, UCC. 
ACY, DUP, SW. 



CMG, GAF, TRC, VPC. 
DUP. 



ACY. 

NEP, RIL. 

ICI. 

GAF, TRC. 

GAF, SAL, TRC. 

DUP. 



46 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates: Manufacturers' identification codes, byproducts, 1968— Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2} 



3'-Nitro-p-acetophenetidide 

3'-Nitroacetophenone 

m-Nitroaniline 

o-Nitroaniline 

*p-Nitroaniline 

p-Nitroaniline bisulfate 

2-(o-Nitroaniline)ethanol 

2-Nitro-p-anisidine [NH2=1] 

4-Nitro-o-anisidine [NH2=1] 

5-Nitro-o-anisidine [NH2=1] 

o-Nitroanisole 

p-Nitroanisole 

4-Nitroanthranilic acid 

5-Nitroanthranilic acid 

l-Nitroanthraquinone 

2-(4-Nitro-2-anthraquinonyl)anthra[2,3-d]-oxazole-5,10- 

dione. 

m-Nitrobenzaldehyde 

*Nitrobenzene 

*m-Nitroben2enesulfonic acid 

*m-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

p-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

5-Nitro-2-benziniidazolinone 

*m-Nitrobenzoic acid 

*m-Nitrobenzoic acid, sodium salt 

p-Nitrobenzoic acid 

m-Nitrobenzotri fluoride 

m-Nitrobenzoyl chloride 

p-Nitrobenzoyl chloride 

4- Cp-Nitrobenzyl] pyridine 

4'-Nitro-4-biphenylcarboxylic acid 

4-Nitro-sec-butylbenzene 

2-Nitro-p-cresol 

2-Nitro-p-cymene 

Nitrodiphenylamine 

5-Nitro-2-furanmethanediol , diacetate 

5-Nitroimidazole 

5-Nitroisophthalic acid 

1-Nitronaphthalene 

3-Nitro-l ,S-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

4-Nitronaphthalic anhydride 

*7(and 8)-Nitronaphth[l,2-d][l,2,3]oxadiazole-5-sulfonic 

acid. 

4-Nitrooxanilic acid 

p-Nitrophenetole 

o-Nitrophenol 

*p-Nitrophenol 

*p-Nitrophenol, sodium salt 

(p-Nitrophenyl) acetic acid 

4'. (p-Nitrophenyl)acetophenone 

4- [(p-Nitrophenyl) azo]-o-anisidine 

2-Nitro-p-phenylenediamine 

4-Nitro-o-phenylenediamine 

2-Nitro-l,4-phenylenediamine 

(p-Nitrophenyl) hydrazine 

2,2'-(m-Nitrophenylimino)diethanol 

2,2'-(m-Nitrophenylimino)diethanol, diacetate ester 

2-(p-Nitrophenyl)-2H-naphtho[l,2-d]triazole-6,8-di- 

sulfonic acid. 
2-(p-Nitrophenyl)-l-octadecyl-5-benzimidazolesulfonic 

acid. 
l-(m-Nitrophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid 

3-Nitrophthalic anhydride 

4-Nitrophthalimide 

5-Nitrosalicylaldehyde 

3(and 5)-Nitrosalicylic acid 

L-Nitroso-2-naphthol 

p-Nitrosophenol 

B-Nitrostyrene """ 

4-Nitro-4 ' - (5-sul fo- 2H-naphthol [ 1 , 2-d] triazol -2-y 1) -2 , 2 - 
stilbenedisulfonic acid. 



MP. 






CTN, 


SDH. 




ACY, 


X. 




AAP, 


MON. 




AAP, 


MON, 


UPM. 


BJL. 






MED. 






DUP, 


SDH. 




DUP, 


SDH. 




ACY, 


ALL, 


BUC, DUP. 


DUP, 


MON. 




DUP. 






DUP. 






TRC. 






ACY 


MAY. 




ACS 


GAP. 





ACS, ACY, DUP, FST, MOB, MON, RUC . 
ACS, ACY, DUP. 
GAP, MON, MRA. 



DUP. 






HK, SAL, SDH, WAY. 


SAL, 


WAY. 




DUP, 


SAL. 




NES. 






HK, 


CO. 




HK. 






EK. 






DUP, 


TRC. 




WAY. 






SW. 






EK. 






ACY, 


MON. 




NOR. 






PCW. 






FIS, 


GAP. 




ACS, 


DUP. 




GAP, 


TRC. 




ACS, 


GAF. 




ACS, 


GAF, 


TRC, VPC. 


DUP. 






PCW. 






DUP, 


MON. 




DUP 


MON, 


SDC, UPM. 


DUP 


MON, 


UPM. 


BPC 






DUP 


GAF. 




AAP 






FIS 






DUP 


FMT 




WAY 






EK, 


RSA. 




DUP 






DUP 






TRC 







GAF. 

DUP, VPC. 

EK. 

SDC. 

EK. 

GAF. 

EK. 

ACS, ACY, DUP, SDC. 

CWN. 

TRC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 47 

TABLE 2.— Cyclic Intermediates: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968— Continued 



Chemical 



m-Nitrotoluene 

o-Nitrotoluene 

*p-Nitrotoluene 

Nitrotoluene mixtures 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonanilide 

p-Nitrotoluenesulfonic acid 

*3-Nitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

*5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

3-Nitro-p-toluic acid, methyl ester 

2-Nitro-p-toluidine [NH2=1] 

*5-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH2=1] 

5-Nitro-2-p-toluidinobenzenesulfonic acid 

3-Nitrotoluoyl chloride 

16-Nitroviolanthrone 

4- Nitro-m- xylene 

Nitroxylenes , mixed 

Nonyl-dinonylphenol , mixture 

•Nonylphenol 

5-Norbomene-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride 

Octylphenol 

Octylphenyl acid phosphate 

Oxalacetic acid, diethyl ester, (p-sulfophenyl}hydrazone-- 

Oxanilide 

* l-[( 7-Oxo-7H-benz[de] an thracen-3-yl) amino ]anthraquinone-- ■ 
*1,1 '- [(7-0xo-7H-benz[de]anthracen-3,9-ylene)diimino]di- 
anthraquinone. 

5-0xo-l-phenyl-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid 

5-Oxo-l-phenyl-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid, ethyl 
ester. 
*5-0xo-l- (p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid 
(Pyrazolone T) . 

4,4 '-Oxydi aniline 

Penicillin, N-ethylpiperidine salt 

1,1,3,3,5-Pentamethylindan 

Pentylnaphthalenes ( Amy Inaph thai enes) 

o-Pentylphenol (o-Amylphenol) 

p-tert-Pentylphenol 

3,4,9,10-Perylenetetracarboxylic acid 

3,4,9, 10- Perylenetetracarboxy lie 3,4:9,10-diimide 

Phenethylamine 

Phenethylamine sulfate 

o-Phenethylbenzoic acid 

o-Phenetidine 

p-Phenetidine 

* Phenol ; 
'Natural : 

•From coal tar:^ 

39° C, m.p 

82%-84% 

All other 

*From petroleum 

Synthetic: 

By caustic fusion: U.S.P 

From chlorobenzene by liquid-phase hydrolysis: U.S.P 
From chlorobenzene by vapor-phase hydrolysis: U.S.P- 

*From cumene by oxidation: U.S.P 

1- Phenol -4-sulfonic acid 

Phenolsulfonaphthalein 

Phenolsulfonaphthalein, sodium salt 

Phenothiazin-2-yl-l-propane l-(Phenothiazin-2-yl3- 
propanone. 

Phenoxyacetic acid, sodium salt 

2-Phenoxypropanol 

2-Phenoxypropionic acid 

2-Phenoxypropionyl chloride 

Phenylacetic acid (a-Toluic acid) 

Phenylacetic acid, ethyl ester, tech 

Phenylacetic acid, methyl ester 

Phenylacetic acid, potassium salt 

Phenylacetic acid, sodium salt 

*Phenylacetonitrile (a-Tolunitrile) 



See footnotes at end of table 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



ACS, 


DUP, 


FST. 






ACS, 


DUP, 


FST. 






ACS, 


DUP, 


FST. 






ACS, 


DUP, 


FST. 






GAF. 










GGY. 










AAP, 


CMG, 


TRC. 






ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


SDH, TRC 


SDH. 










DUP, 


SW. 








BUC, 


DUP, 


PCW, 


SDH. 




TRC. 










x. 










ICl, 


MAY. 








DUP. 










ACS. 










GAF, 


JCC. 








GAF, 


JCC, 


MON, 


PRD, 


RH, STP. 


VEL. 











EK, WSN. 

ACY, DUP, GAF, ICI , MAY, TRC. 

DUP, GAF, ICI, MAY, TRC. 

ACS. 
GAF, SDW. 

AAP, GAF, VPC. 



MRK. 
GIV. 
PAS. 
PAS. 

X. 

ACS, GAF. 

ACS, DUP, GAF. 

MLS. 

MLS. 

LIL. 

MON. 

MON. 



KPT, PRD. 

ACP, KPT. 

AGP, KPT. 

MER, NPC, PIT, PRD, SW. 

MAL, MON, RCI. 

DOW. 

HKD, UCC. 

ACP, CLK, HPC, MON, SHC, SKO, SOC, UCC. 

UPF. 

EK. 

EK. 

WYT. 

BPC. 

ICO. 

ICO. 

ICO, OPC. 

BPC, GIV, MAL. 

BPC. 

BPC. 

BPC, OPC. 

BPC, OPC. 

BPC, OPC, SDW, UOP. 



48 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. — Cyclic intermediates: Manufacturers' Identification codes, byproducts, 1968— Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



4'-Phenylacetophenone 

Phenacetyl chloride 

N-Phenylanthranilic acid 

2-Phenylanthra[2,3-d]oxazole-5,10-dione 

*p-Phenylazoaniline (C.I. Solvent Yellow 1) and hydro- 
chloride. 

p-Phenylazoaniline sulfate 

4- (Phenylazo)di phenyl amine 

4- (Phenylazo)-l-naphthyl amine 

5- (Phenylazo)salicylic acid 

l-Phenyl-l,3-butanedione 

2-Phenylbutyric acid 

a-Phenyl-o-cresol 

1-PhenyIcyclopentanecarboxylic acid 

1-Phenyldecane (Decylbenzene) 

1-Phenyldodecane 

m-Phenylene diamine 

o-Phenylene diamine 

*p-Phenylenedi amine 

d- Phenylephrine base 

dl-Phenylephrine base 

Phenyl-l,2-ethanediol 

2-Phenylethenesulfonic acid, sodium salt (6-Styrene- 
sulfonic acid, sodium salt). 

Phenyl ether (Diphenyl oxide) 

Phenyl ether, chloromethylated 

d-Phenylglycine 

d-(-)-2-Phenylglycine and derivatives 

d- (-)Phenylglycine, N-carboxy anhydride 

dl- 2- Phenyl glycine (racemic) 

Phenylglycine, sodium salt- 

Phenylglycol ethers 

d- (-)-2-Phenylglycyl chloride 

d-(-)-2-Phenylglycyl hydrochloride 

5-Phenylhydantoin 

Phenylhydrazine hydrochloride 

2 , 2 ' - [ (Pheny 1) imino] diethanol (N-Phenyldiethanolamine) 

3,3'- [ (Phenyl) imino ]dipropionit rile 

Pheny Imagnesium bromide 

Pheny Imalonic acid, diethyl ester 

o-Phenylphenol 

o-Phenylphenol , chlorinated 

o-Pheny Iphenol, sodium salt 

p- Pheny Iphenol 

N-Phenyl-p-phenylenediamine 

Pheny Iphos phi nic acid 

Pheny Iphosphonothioic di chloride 

Pheny Iphos phonous acid 

Pheny Iphosphonous acid, sodium salt 

Pheny Iphosphorous di chloride 

1-Phenylpiperazine — 

1- Pheny 1-1 ,2-propanedione, 2-oxime 

Pheny 1-2- prop anone 

N-3-Phenylpropyl-p-toluidine 

dl- Phenyl succinic acid 

Phenyl sulfone 

1 -Pheny 1-2- thiourea 

Phenylundecanoic acid 

Phloroglucinol 

l(2H)-Phthalazinone 

Phthalic acid 

Phthalic acid, diallyl ester 

'Phthalic anhydride 

Phthalide 

Phthalimide - 

Phthalimide, potassium salt 

[Phthalocyaninato (2-) ] aluminum 

[Phthalocyaninato(2-) ] cobalt 

[Phthalocyaninato (2-) ] copper 

[Phthalocyaninato (2-)] iron 



DUP. 
ICO. 
SDW. 
GAP. 
ACS, ACY, DUP, GAP. 

DUP. 

EK, SDH. 

DUP. 

TRC, 

EK. 

BPC. 

RBC. 

SK. 

ACS. 

EK. 

ACS, ACY, DUP, GAP. 

DUP, FNrr, NEE, TRC. 

ACY, BFG, SDC. 

SDW. 

SDW. 

ARA. 

SHL. 

DOW. 

BPC. 

OTC. 

KF. 

OTC. 

KF. 

ACS. 

UCC. 

UP J. 

OTC. 

ABB. 

EK, VPC. 

EKT, GAF. 

DUP. 

ARA. 

BPC. 

DOW, RCl, RSA. 

DOW. 

DOW. 

DOW. 

USR, X. 

SFI. 

SFI. 

SFI. 

SFI. 

SFI. 

RSA. 

NEP, ORT. 

ORT, SK. 

EK. 

PD. 

NES. 

EK. 

EK. 

MRT. 

ACS, X. 

EK, KF, MEE. 

FMP. 

ACP, GRH, KPS, MON, PCC, PTO, RCl, SOC, STP, SW, 

UCC, WTC. 
FNIT. 

DUP, MEE. 
EK. 
GAF. 
GAF. 

GAF, ICC, ICI. 
DUP. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 49 

TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates: Manufecturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



Phthalocyaninetetrasulfonyl chloride, copper derivative- 

Phthaloyl chloride (Phthalyl chloride) 

3-Picoline-N- oxide 

4-Picoline-N-oxide 

•Picolines:^ 

* 2- Pi CO line (a-Picoline) 

3-Picoline (6-Picoline) 

4-Picoline (y-Picoline) 

Picoline (3,4-raixture) 

Picolinic acid 

Picolinonitrile (2-Cyanopyridine) 

3-Picolyl amine 

Picric acid CTrinitrophenol) 

2,5-Piperazinedione 

Piperazine mixture, crude' 

*Piperidine 

3-Piperidinopropiophenone hydrochloride 

Polybromochloro[phthalocyaninato (2-)] copper 

Polychlorobi phenyl 

Polychloro[phthalocyaninato (2-) ]copper 

Poly (Methylenephenylene) polyamine 

Primuline base 

Primulinesulfonic acid 

N-Propionylphenothiazine 

*Propiophenone 

Pfopargyl - benzene - sulfonate • 

2-Propyl-4-amino-5-methoxymethylpyrii;iidine amino 

n-Propylbenzene 

8,16-Pyranthrenedione 

Pyrazole 

Pyridine, refined:^ 

*2° Pyridine 

Other grades 

Pyridine hydrochloride 

3-Pyridinemethanol 

Pyridine-N- oxide 

2-Pyridinol 

3-Pyridinol 

2(lH)-Pyridone 

2-Pyrimidinol 

2-Pyrrolidinone 

Qui nal dine 

Quinoline: 

1° and 2° Quinoline 

Other grades 

2,4-Quinolinediol 

8-Quinolinol (8-Hydroxyquinoline, tech.) 

Quinophthalone (Quinoline yellow, base) 

Resorcinol, monoacetate (nonmedicinal grade)' 

Resorcinol, tech' 

B-Resorcylic acid 

6-Resorcylic acid, lead salt 

*Salicyl aldehyde 

Salicylaldehyde oxime 

Salicylanilide 

*Salicylic acid, tech 

Salicylic acid, ammonium chromium complex 

Salicylic acid, sodium salt (crude) 

Salicy li dene ami noguani dine oleate 

Sodium phenoxide 

*Styrene, all grades 



S-Sulfamoylanthranilic acid 

Sulfanilic acid (p-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid) and salt- 

Sulfapyridine, tech' 

4-Sulfoanthranilic acid 

5-Sulfoanthranilic acid 

S-Sulfoisophthalic acid, 1,3-dimethyl ester 

5-Sulfoisophthalic acid, sodiim salt 

N,5'-Sulfonyldianthranilic acid 

4,4'-Sulfonyldiphenol (4,4'-Dihydroxydiphenylsulfone) — 
4-Sulfophthalic acid 



DUP 
RIL 
RIL 

ACP 
NEP 
NEP 
ACP 
NEP 
NEP 
RIL 
SDC 



ACY 
GAP 
MON 
GAP 
KAl 
ACS 
ATL 



KPT, RIL, UCC. 
RIL. 

RIL, UCC. 
KPT. 



DUP, MRK, RIL. 



OPC, ORT, UOP. 



KPT, NEP, RIL. 



UPF. 

KPT. 



HN, MTR, RDA. 
DOW, UN, MON, SDH. 



CSD, DOW, ELP, ENJ, FG, KPP, MCB, MON, SHC, SKC, 
', UCC. 



ACY, CTN, DUP. 
TRC. 



UPF, X. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



50 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2, — Cyclic intermediates: Manufacturers' identification codes, byproducts, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



•Terephthalic acid 

Terephthalic acid, dihydrazide 

*Terephthalic acid, dimethyl ester 

Terephthalic acid, diphenyl ester 

Terephthalonitrile 

Terephthaloyldiacetic acid", diethyl ester 

Terphenyl (Phenylbiphenyl)-- 

1,2,4,5-Tetraaminobenzene tetrahydro chloride 

[4,4' ,4' ' ,4' ' '-Tetraaminophthalocyaninato(2-)]copper- 
3' ,3' ' ,5' ,5' '-Tetrabromophenolphthalein, ethyl ester- 

Tetrabromophthalic anhydride 

Tetrabromo-8,16-pyranthrenedione 

*1 ,4,5,8-Tetrachloroanthraquinone 

1,2,4,5-Tetrachlorobenzene 

1, 2, 4, 5 -Tetrachloro- 3- nitrobenzene 

Tetrachlorophthalic acid, di [2-ethyl-hexyl)ester 

Tetrachlorophthalic anhydride 

a,a,2,6-Tetrachlorotoluene 

Tetrachloroviolanthrone 

Tetraf luoro-meta-phenylenediamine 

Tetrahydrofuran 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl methacrylate 

l,2,3,4-Tetrahydro-4-oxo-2-naphthoic acid 

*l,4,5,8-Tetrahyaroxyanthraquinone, leuco derivative-- 
1,4,5,8-Tetrakis (l-anthraquinonylamino)anthraquinone 
(Pentanthrimide) . 

2- (l,l,3,3-Tetramethylbutyl)-p-cresol 

p- ( 1,1, 3, 3-Tetramethylbutyl) phenol 

3,3' ,5,5'-Tetramethyldiphenoquinone 

N,N,N' ,N'-Tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine 

[4,4' ,4' ' ,4' ' '-Tet rani trophthalocyaninato [2-)] copper 

2- (2-Thenylamino)pyridine 

3,3'-Thiobis [7H-benz[de]anthracen-7-one] 

4,4'-Thiodianiline 

6,6'-Thiodimetanilic acid 

Thiopheneacetic acid 

2-Thiophene acetyl chloride 

2-Thiophenecarboxaldehyde 

Thiosalicyclic acid 

sym- Thymol 

*Toluene-2,4-diamine (4-m-Tolylenedi amine) 

Toluene- 2, 5-di amine sulfate 

Toluene- 2, 4-di sulfonic acid 

o-Toluenesulfonamide 

p-Toluenesulfonamide 

o(and p)-Toluenesulfonic acid 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, methyl ester 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, monohydrate 

p-Toluenesulfonyl chloride 

ra-Toluic acid 

o-Toluic acid 

p-Toluic acid 

m-Toluidine 

*o-Toluidine 

o-Toluidine hydrochloride 

p-Toluidine 

p-Toluidine hydrochloride 

Tolui dines, mixed 

m- To luidinome thanes ulfonic acid 

o-Toluidinomethanesulfonic acid 

8-p-Toluidino- 1-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

*o- (p-Toluoyl)benzoic acid 

N- (p-Tolylazo)sarcosine 

*4-(o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine (C.l. Solvent Yellow 3)— ■ 

4- (o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine hydrochloride 

1-p-Tolyldodecane 

2,2'- (m-Tolylimino)diethanol 

p-Tolylmercuric chloride 

N,N,N-Tribenzyl amine 

3,4' ,5-Tribromosalicylanilide 

1,2, 3 (and l,2,4)-Trichlorobenzene 



ACC, 


DUP, 


EKT. 






DUP. 










ACC, 


DUP, 


EKT, 


HPC. 




BJL. 










EK. 










PCW. 










MON. 










BJL. 










DUP, 


SDC. 








EK. 










MCH. 










ACS. 










ACS, 


DUP, 


GAP. 






DOW, 


HK. 








SDH. 










SDW. 










MON. 










DUP. 










GAP. 










WHC. 










DUP, 


QKO. 








SAR. 










BJL. 










ACS, 


GAP, 


ICC, 


TRC. 




ACS, 


GAP. 








ACY. 










GAP. 










DUP. 










EK. 










DUP, 


SDC. 








ABB. 










DUP, 


GAP, 


ICI. 






ACY. 










ACS, 


GAP. 








BPC. 










LIL. 










ABB. 










mB. 










GIV. 










ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, OMC, 


RUG, UCC 


EK, 


WAY. 








GAP, 


SDH. 








MON. 










MON. 










ACS, 


MON, 


UPF. 






UPF, 


X. 








ICI. 










NES. 










MON. 










CWL. 










CWL. 










CWL, 


EK. 








ACS, 


DUP. 








ACS, 


DUP, 


FST. 






AAP. 










DUP. 










EK. 










DUP. 










VPC. 










TRC, 


VPC. 








ACS. 










ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP. 






BUG, 


GAP. 








ACS, 


ALL, 


DUP, 


SDH. 




GAP. 










x. 










EKT. 










EK. 










MLS. 










PCW. 










PPG. 











CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 51 

TABLE 2.--Cyclic intermediates: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



*1 ,2,4-Trichlorobenzene 

N,2,6-Trichloro-p-benzoquinoneimine 

Trichlorophenylsilane 

a,a,a-Trichlorotoluene (Benzotri chloride) 

a,2,4-Trichlorotoluene 

a, 2, 4 (and a,2,6)-Trichlorotoluene 

a,3,4-Trichlorotoluene 

2,4,6-Trichloro-s-triazine (Cyanuric chloride) 

1,3,5-Triethylben2ene 

2- (Trif luo rone thy l)phenothiazine 

a,a,a-Trifluoro-N-phenyl-m-toluidine (3- (Trifluoromethyl)- 
diphenylamine) . 

a.a.a-Trifluorotoluene 

a,a,a-Trif luoro-m-toluidine 

a,a,a-Trif luoro-o-toluidine 

1 ,2,4-Trihydroxyanthraquinone 

2,3,5-Triiodobenzoic acid 

2,4,5-Trimethylaniline (Pseudocumidine) 

2,3,3-Triinethyl-3H-indole 

*l,3,3-Trimethyl-A^,a-indolineacetaldehyde 

*l,3,3-Trimethyl-2-methyleneindoline (Trimethyl base) 

Trimethylphenylajiunonium iodide 

a, a' ,2-Trimethyl-l,4-piperazinediethanol 

2,4,6-Trimethylpyridine 

1, 3, 5-Tri nitrobenzene 

2,4,6-Trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

2,4,7-Trinitrofluoren-9-one 

Triphenyl amine 

Triphenyl me thane 

Triphenyl methanol 

a,a' ,a' '-Tris Cdimethylamino)mesitol 

Tris (2-isocyanata-para-tolyl)isocyanurate 

Tris (2-methyl-l-aziridinyl)phosphine oxide 

Tri-p-tolyphosphine 

m-Ureidoaniline 

*7,7'-Ureylenebis [4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid] 
(J Acid Urea) . 

Veratraldehyde (3,4-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde) 

Veratryl alcohol (3,4-Dimethoxybenzyl alcohol 1 

p-Vinylbenzenesulfonic acid (Styrene sulfonate sodium) 

2-Vinylcyclohexene 

4-Vinylcyclohexene 

2,2'-Vinylenebis [benzimidazole] 

5-Vinyl-2-picoline CMVP) 

2-Vinylpyridine 

4-Vinylpyridine 

*Violanthrone (Dibenzanthrone) 

Xanthene-9-carboxylic acid 

m- Xylene 

*o- Xylene 



*p-Xylene- 



2,5-Xylenesulfonic acid 

Xylenol crystals 

2,6-Xylenol, synthetic 

Xylenols : 

Medium b.p 

Not classified as to b.p 

Xylidines: 

2,4-Xylidine (m-4-Xylidine) — 

2,5-Xylidine (p-Xylidine) 

2,6-Xylidine 

Original mixture 

4- (2,4-Xylylazo)-o-toluidine 

4- (2,5-Xylylazo)-o-toluidine 

4- (2,4-Xylylazo)-2,5-xylidine— 
All other cyclic intermediates- 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



DOW 


DVC, HK, SVT. 




EK. 






DCC 


UCC. 




HK, 


VEL. 




HN. 






BPC 






HN. 






ACY 


GGY, NIL. 




DUP 






SK. 






SK. 






HK. 






MEE. 






hEE 






GAP. 






GAP. 






ACS. 






GAP. 






DUP, 


GAP, VPC. 




ACS, 


DUP, GAP, VPC. 




EK. 






WYN. 






KPT, 


RIL. 




EK. 






EK. 






EK. 






EK. 






EK. 






EK. 






RH, 


TKL. 




DUP. 






ICC, 


ICO. 




EK. 






ICI. 






ACS, 


ACY, CMG, GAP, TCD, TRC, VPC. 




GIV, 


LIL, SLV. 




LIL. 






DUP. 






UCC. 






PLC. 






TRC. 






PLC. 






NEP, 


RIL. 




RIL. 






ACY, 


ATL, DUP, GAP, ICI, MAY, SDC, 


TRC. 


MAL. 






SOC. 






ASH, 


CCP, COR, CSD, CSO, CSP, DLH, 


ENJ, GRS, MON 


PPR, SIN, SKC, SNT, SOC, TOG. 




ACC, 


CSD, ENJ, HCR, PPR, SHC, SHO, 


SIN, SNT, SOC 


SOG, TOG. 




EK, 


NES. 




ACP. 






KPT. 






NPC, 


PRD. 




GE, 


PRO. 





ACS, DUP. 
ACS, DUP. 
DUP. 

ACS, DUP. 
ACS. 
ACY. 
ACS. 

ARA, BPC, cue, CWN, DUP, FG, GAP, ICC, LIL, MON, 
PAS, PCW, PIC, SFA, VEL, x. 



See report on Medicinals for data on medicinal grade of this item. 

Does not include manufacturers' identification codes for producers that report to the Division of Bituminous 
Coal, U.S. Bureau of Mines. These producers are listed in the U.S. Bureau of Mines Mineral Industry Survey Coke 
Producevs in the United States in 1967, Feb. 4, 1969. 



DYES 53 



Domestic synthetic dyes are derived in whole or in part from cyclic 
intermediates. Approximately two-thirds of the dyes consumed in the United 
States are used "by the textile industry to dye natural and synthetic fibers 
or fabrics; about one-sixth is used for coloring paper; and the rest is 
used chiefly in the production of organic pigments and in the dyeing of 
leather and plastics. Of the several thousand different synthetic dyes 
that are known, more than one thousand are manufactured by one or more 
domestic producers. The large number of dyes results from the many dif- 
ferent types of materials to which dyes are applied, the different con- 
ditions of service for which dyes are required, and the costs that a par- 
ticular use can bear. Dyes are sold as pastes, powders, lumps, and solu- 
tions; concentrations vary from 6 percent to 100 percent. The concentration, 
form, and purity of a dye are determined largely by the use for which it is 
intended. 

Total domestic production of dyes in I968 amounted to 226 million pounds, 
or 9.8 percent more than the 206 million pounds produced in I96T (table l). 
Sales of dyes in I968 amounted to 215 million pounds, valued at $370 million, 
compared with 199 million pounds, valued at $332 million, in 19^1 • In terms 
of quantity, sales of dyes in I968 were 8.1 percent larger than in I96T and in 
terms of value, 11.5 percent larger. The average unit value of sales of all 
dyes in I968 was $1.72 a pound, or 3.0 percent greater than the $1.67 a pound 
reported in 1967. 

For many important dyes, for which statistics are given in table 1, pro- 
duction was larger in I968 than in 1967- The output of Mordant Black 11 more 
than tripled in I968, from 359,000 pounds in I967 to 1,217,000 pounds in I968. 
The output of Disperse Yellow k2 and Vat Orange 15 nearly doubled in I968 com- 
pared with 1967- Disperse Yellow J+2 production ■ increased from 650,000 pounds to 
1,223,000 pounds and Vat Orange I5 production increased from 639 5 000 pounds to 
1,206,000 pounds. Other important dyes whose output in I968 was substantially 
larger than in I967 were Acid Blue 9 (83-3 percent). Vat Yellow 2 (^9.^ percent). 
Direct Green 6 (i+7.7 percent). Acid Red 1 (i+5.7 percent ), Direct Brown 95 (i+2.2 
percent). Direct Orange 72 (29-1 percent). Vat Orange 1 (28.1 percent), Basic 
Violet 1 (28.0 percent). Direct Blue 2 (25-6 percent), and Direct Black 38 (19-5 
percent ) . 

On the other hand, the output of a few important dyes was smaller in I968 
than in I967. Production of Vat Green 8 was 959,000 pounds in I968, or 6I.5 
percent less than the 2,U89,000 pounds produced in 1967- The output of Disperse 
Yellow 3^ was 31.6 percent smaller in I968 than in I967; that of Disperse Yellow 
33 was 31.2 percent smaller; that of Vat Black 25 was 29.8 percent smaller; and 
that of Vat Green 3 was 15-5 percent smaller. 

Table 2 summarizes production and sales of dyes in I968, by class of appli- 
cation. Five application classes of dyes accounted for approximately three- 
fourths of all the dyes produced. Vat dyes accounted for 2U.2 percent of the 
total; direct dyes, for l6.2 percent; fluorescent brighteners, for 13.8 percent; 
acid dyes, for 9-9 percent; and disperse dyes, for 9-8 percent. Of these five 
classes of dyes, the output of acid dyes was 28.3 percent larger in I968 than in 
1967; the output of disperse dyes was 21.3 percent larger; the output of direct 



5h SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I968 

dyes was 13.6 percent larger; and the output of fluorescent trighteners was 
13.3 percent larger. The output of vat dyes, however, was 3.5 percent less in 
1968 than in I96T. 

Of the remaining classes, the output of basic dyes in I968 was 9-8 percent 
more than the I967 production; that of azoic compositions was 3^.3 percent larger 
in 1968 than in I96T; fiber-reactive dyes, 38.5 percent larger; food, drug and 
cosmetic colors, 10.7 percent larger; mordant dyes, 95-3 percent larger; and 
solvent dyes, 3.2 percent larger. 

Table 3 shows production and sales of dyes, by chemical class. In I968, 
three chemical classes of dyes accounted for more than two-thirds of all the dyes 
produced: Azo dyes accounted for 31.^ percent of the total; anthraquinone dyes, 
for 2i+.3 percent; and stilbene dyes, for lit.6 percent. The output of the azo 
dyes was 19.9 percent larger in I968 than in 1967j that of the stilbene dyes was 
15.7 percent larger, and that of the anthraquinone dyes, 6.6 percent larger. Of 
the remaining chemical classes for which statistics are published, the output of 
quinoline dyes was 59.5 percent larger in I968 than in 1967; thiazole dyes, 16.9 
percent larger; phthalocyanine dyes, 12.3 percent larger; nitro dyes, 11.3 per- 
cent larger; azoic dyes, 10.6 percent larger; and triarylmethane dyes, 6.0 
percent larger. On the other hand, the output of xanthene dyes was 23.2 percent 
smaller in I968 than in I967; cyanine dyes, 21.3 percent smaller, and methine 
dyes, 2.6 percent smaller. 

Table k lists all dyes for which data on production or sales were reported 
and identifies the manufacturer of each. Imports of dyes during I967 and I968 
are included in table 3 of the Appendix. 



DYES 

TABLE l.--Bemenoid dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1968 



[Listed below are all benzenoid dyes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no 
data were reported.) Table 4 lists all dyes for which data on production or sales were reported and iden- 
tifies the manufacturer of each] 



Dye 



Sales 



1,000 
pounds 



Grand total 

ACID DYES 

Total 

Acid yellow dyes, total 

Acid Yellow 3 

Acid Yellow 11 

Acid Yellow 17 

Acid Yellow 23 

Acid Yellow 36 

Acid Yellow 40 

Acid Yellow 42 

Acid Yellow 44 

Acid Yellow 54 

Acid Yellow 65 

Acid Yellow 73 

Acid Yellow 99 

Acid Yellow 124 

Acid Yellow 151 

All other 

Acid orange dyes, total 

Acid Orange 1 

Acid Orange 7 

Acid Orange 8 

Acid Orange 10 

Acid Orange 24 

Acid Orange 60 

Acid Orange 74 

Acid Orange 116 

All other 

Acid red dyes, total 

Acid Red 1 

Acid Red 4 

Acid Red 14 

Acid Red 18 

Acid Red 26 

Acid Red 37 

Acid Red 73 

Acid Red 80 

Acid Red 85 

Acid Red 87 

Acid Red 88 

Acid Red 89 

Acid Red 99 

Acid Red 114 



22,510 



545 
479 



72 

110 

102 

556 

2,655 

3.566 



63 
580 
371 
329 
549 
124 

548 
802 



56 
240 



1,000 
pounds 



214,661 



1,000 
dollars 



4,471 



512 
346 
210 
179 



105 

525 

2,093 

3,247 



486 
377 
358 
531 
113 
71 
543 
721 



104 
47 
57 

243 
11 

129 



10,982 



75 
118 
1,110 
814 
317 
507 
117 

88 
192 

337 

215 

280 

1,251 

5,561 

5,741 



114 
541 
479 
451 
757 
273 
157 
1,219 
1,750 

6,344 



429 
148 
119 
116 

65 
182 
595 

36 
224 



32 
158 
393 



See footnotes at end of table. 



56 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE \ . - - Benzenoid dyes: U.S. production and sales, J96S--Continued 



Dye 



ACID DYES--Continued 



Acid red dyes--Continued 

Acid Red 137 

Acid Red 151 

Acid Red 182 

Acid Red 186 

All other 

Acid violet dyes, total- 
Acid Violet 1 

Acid Violet 3 

Acid Violet 7 

Acid Violet 12 

Acid Violet 17 

Acid Violet 49 

All other 

Acid blue dyes, total 

Acid Blue 7 

Acid Blue 9 

Acid Blue 25 

Acid Blue 27 

Acid Blue 40 

Acid Blue 41 

Acid Blue 43 

Acid Blue 45 

Acid Blue 62 

Acid Blue 78 

Acid Blue 113 

Acid Blue 158 and 158A 
All other 

Acid green dyes, total-- 

Acid Green 1 

Acid Green 3 

Acid Green 9 

Acid Green 16 

Acid Green 20 

Acid Green 25 

All other 

Acid brown dyes, total-- 

Acid Brown 14 

All other 

Acid black dyes, total-- 

Acid Black 1 

Acid Black 24 

Acid Black 48 

Acid Black 52 

Acid Black 60 

Acid Black 107 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 



204 

269 

76 

16 



781 
246 



729 
167 



83 
175 

71 

40 

439 

164 



96 

730 

135 

194 

1,720 



1,000 
pounds 



170 

273 



151 

4,206 



224 
54 
82 



596 
31 



722 
179 



70 
145 



39 
344 
174 

1.000 



410 
590 



796 
141 



1,000 
dollars 



537 
575 
165 
60 
2,240 



147 
75 



183 
395 



210 

1,207 

207 

345 

235 

65 

1,847 
210 
177 

1,357 
363 

6,659 

2,717 



1,175 
567 



607 
1,674 



6,370 



1,218 
168 
106 

1,356 
486 
562 

2,474 



See footnotes at end of table. 



DYES 

TABLE l.--Bemenoid dyes: U.S. production and sales, 2968--Continued 



57 



Dye 



Quantity 



AZOIC DYES AND COMPONENTS 
Azoic Compositions 



1,000 
pounds 



Total- 



Azoic Yellow 2 

Azoic Orange 3 

Azoic Red 1 

Azoic Red 2 

Azoic Red 6 

Azoic Violet 1 

Azoic Blue 3 

Azoic Brown 9 

Azoic black dyes 

All other azoic compositions- 



Azoic Diazo Components, Bases 
(Fast Color Bases) 



Total- 



Azoic Diazo Component 4, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 9, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 12, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 32, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 48, base 

All other azoic diazo components, bases- 



Azoic Diazo Components, Salts 
(Fast Color Salts) 



Total- 



Azoic Diazo Component 1, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 3, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 5, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 6, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 8, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 9, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 12, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 13, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 28, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 49, salt 

All other azoic diazo components, 



Azoic Coupling Components 
(Naphthol AS and Derivatives) 



Azoic Coup 
Azoic Coup 
Azoic Coup 
Azoic Coup 
Azoic Coup 
Azoic Coup 
Azoic Coup 
Azoic Coup 



ling Component 2-- 

ling Component 3-- 

ling Component 4-- 

ling Component 7-- 

ling Component 8-- 

ling Component 14- 

ling Component 15- 

ling Component 17- 



114 
85 

316 
81 

160 



747 
460 



167 
157 



1,648 



244 
266 



420 
170 
104 



1,000 
pounds 



208 
832 
454 



28 
162 
160 



387 
47 



38 
127 



239 
254 



1,712 



360 

19 

125 



1,000 
do I lars 



3,255 



110 
36 
170 
402 
1,359 
703 



171 

242 



79 
164 
228 
232 
319 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE l.--Benzenoid dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1968 — Continued 



Production 



Quantity 



AZOIC DYES AND COMPONENTS--Continued 

Azoic Coupling Components 
(Naphthol AS and Derivatives } — Continued 

Azoic Coupling Component 18 

Azoic Coupling Component 20 

Azoic Coupling Component 29 

Azoic Coupling Component 43 -- 

All other azoic coupling components 

BASIC DYES 

Total 

Basic yellow dyes, total 

Basic Yellow 2 

Basic Yellow 11 

Basic Yellow 13 

All other 

Basic orange dyes, total 

Basic Orange 1 

Basic Orange 2 

Basic Orange 21 

All other 

Basic red dyes, total 

Basic Red 9 

Basic Red 13 

Basic Red 14 

All other 

Basic violet dyes, total 

Basic Violet 1 

Basic Violet 4 

Basic Violet 10 

Basic Violet 16 

All other 

Basic blue dyes, total 

Basic Blue 1 

Basic Blue 5 

Basic Blue 9 

Basic Blue 26 

All other 

Basic Green 1 

Basic Green 4 

Basic Brown 1 

Basic Brown 4 

All other basic dyes 



1,000 
pounds 



850 

109 

2,072 



615 
614 
511 



408 
1,188 



3,128 



260 

127 

1,468 



60 
1,849 

87 
502 
214 
595 
159 



1,000 
pounds 



11 

6 

432 



2.856 



414 
818 



386 
463 
529 
168 

1,726 



2,867 



297 

117 

1,465 



675 
167 
554 
169 



1,000 
do I lars 



16 
980 



33,868 



8.975 



912 
3,072 



4^5" 
750 
1,520 



83 

1,177 
4,618 

5,929 



1,281 
113 

1,083 
391 

3,061 

6,399 



149 
119 

1,078 
145 

4,908 

236 
1,723 
300 
733 
336 



See footnotes at end of table. 



DYES 

TABLE l.--Benzenoid dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1968 — Continued 



59 



Dyt 



Quantity 



DIRECT DYES 



Total 

Direct yellow dyes, total 

Direct Yellow 4 

Direct Yellow 5 

Direct Yellow 6 

Direct Yellow 11 

Direct Yellow 12 

Direct Yellow 26 

Direct Yellow 28 

Direct Yellow 29 

Direct Yellow 44 

Direct Yellow 50 

Direct Yellow 105 

Direct Yellow 106 

All other 

Direct orange dyes, total 

Direct Orange 1 

Direct Orange 8 

Direct Orange 15 

Direct Orange 26 

Direct Orange 29 

Direct Orange 34 

Direct Orange 37 

Direct Orange 39 

Direct Orange 72 

Direct Orange 73 

Direct Orange 81 

Direct Orange 102 

All other 

Direct red dyes, total — 

Direct Red 1 

Direct Red 2 

Direct Red 4 

Direct Red 10 

Direct Red 13 

Direct Red 16 

Direct Red 23 

Direct Red 24 

Direct Red 26 

Direct Red 28 

Direct Red 31 

Direct Red 37 

Direct Red 39 

Direct Red 75 

Direct Red 79 

Direct Red 80 

Direct Red 81 

Direct Red 83 

Direct Red 122 

Direct Red 149 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 



10,296 



490 
228 
530 
1,250 
364 

307 

84 

900 

525 

327 

1,439 

3,852 

2,410 



128 
242 

83 
107 
127 

23 
252 
532 

97 

87 
285 
418 

3,541 



176 
192 



273 

232 

125 

195 

24 

85 

72 

9 

105 

472 

471 

125 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
do I lars 



9,837 



484 

211 

557 

1,153 

34 7 

11 

317 

87 

794 

429 

371 

1,508 

3,568 

2,260 



29 
120 
262 

67 
101 
104 

40 
232 
498 

99 

74 
257 
377 



138 
263 
253 
155 
226 



15 
141 
432 
474 
117 

12 
745 



17,556 



992 
640 
901 

1,112 

953 

29 

617 

178 

1,447 
947 
926 

2,617 

6,197 

5,322 



64 
200 
284 
141 
244 
249 
91 
476 

1,101 
411 
220 
704 

1,137 

7,991 



297 

419 

92 

23 

99 

278 

622 

509 

364 

326 

67 

303 

273 

50 

364 

757 

1,189 

195 

12 

36 

1,716 



See footnotes at end of table. 



60 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 1 .--Benzenoid dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1968 — Continued 



Dye 



Quantity 



DIRECT DYES- -Continued 



Direct violet dyes, total- 
Direct Violet 1 

Direct Violet 9 

All other 

Direct blue dyes, total 

Direct Blue 1 

Direct Blue 2 

Direct Blue 6 

Direct Blue 8 

Direct Blue 15 

Direct Blue 22 

Direct Blue 24 

Direct Blue 25 

Direct Blue 67 

Direct Blue 71 

Direct Blue 76 

Direct Blue 78 

Direct Blue 80 

Direct Blue 86 

Direct Blue 98 

Direct Blue 100 

Direct Blue 120 and 120A- 

Direct Blue 126 

Direct Blue 191 

Direct Blue 218 

All other 

Direct green dyes, total — 

Direct Green 1 

Direct Green 6 

Direct Green 8 

All other 

Direct brown dyes, total — 

Direct Brown 1 

Direct Brown lA 

Direct Brown 2 

Direct Brown 6 

Direct Brown 31 

Direct Brown 74 

Direct Brown 95 

Direct Brown 111 

Direct Brown 154 

All other 

Direct black dyes, total — 

Direct Black 4 

Direct Black 9 

Direct Black 19 

Direct Black 22 

Direct Black 38 

Direct Black 51 

Direct Black 80 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 



385 

1,300 

483 



43 

50 

189 

120 

544 

1,255 

161 

47 

87 



1,405 
523 
616 



106 

86 

186 



332 
265 



98 

844 

6,338 

70 

1,247 

813 



1,000 
pounds 



365 

1,355 

539 



177 
125 
556 
,197 
162 

102 
150 
78 



1,235 
223 
610 



97 
101 
187 
109 
103 



310 
136 



9,370 

199 

52 

100 

810 

6,253 

71 

1,081 



1,000 
do I lars 



17 
208 
365 

11,442 

780 

1,227 

361 



21 
13 
169 
122 
159 
268 
375 
855 
1,820 
307 

229 

421 

145 

1,644 

2,408 

2,704 



128 
150 
279 
121 
313 
101 
757 
141 
309 



217 

65 

160 

535 

4,937 
238 
941 

1,325 



See footnotes at end of table. 



DYES 

TABLE 1 . - - Benzenoid dyes: U.S. production and sales. 



Product ion 



Quantity 



DISPERSE DYES 



Total 

Disperse yellow dyes, total- 
Disperse Yellow 3 

Disperse Yellow 5 

Disperse Yellow 8 

Disperse Yellow 23 

Disperse Yellow 33 

Disperse Yellow 54 

Disperse Yellow 42 

Disperse Yellow 54 

All other 

Disperse orange dyes, total- 
Disperse Orange 3 

Disperse Orange 5 

Disperse Orange 17 

Disperse Orange 25 

All other 

Disperse red dyes, total 

Disperse Red 1 

Disperse Red 5 

Disperse Red 11 

Disperse Red 13 

Disperse Red 15 

Disperse Red 17 

Disperse Red 60 

Disperse Red 65 

All other 

Disperse violet dyes, total- 
Disperse Violet 1 

Disperse Violet 4 

Disperse Violet 27 

All other 

Disperse blue dyes, total — 

Disperse Blue 1 

Disperse Blue 3 

Disperse Blue 7 

Disperse Blue 64 

Disperse Blue 79 

All other 

Disperse black dyes, total-- 
Disperse Black 1 

All other 

All other disperse dyes 



1,000 
pounds 



5,917 



548 
243 
229 
1,223 
422 
947 

2,658 



242 

126 

2,151 



505 
96 
52 
11 
75 
159 
259 



540 

1,825 

551 

150 

1,138 

4,518 

1,960 



1,772 
306 



1,000 
pounds 



2,377 

51 

35 

4 80 

220 

246 

1,150 

568 

767 

2,088 



137 
142 
127 
129 
1,555 

2,196 



279 
70 
55 



125 
227 



1,405 



7,701 



252 

1,644 

482 

928 
4,595 



202 
1,662 



1,000 
do I lars 



49,327 



10,505 



5,460 

175 

119 

899 

565 

419 

1,705 

1,585 

1,780 

5,726 



251 
548 
204 
158 
2,785 

7,199 



466 

94 

214 



160 

784 

82 

,375 



124 

54 

134 

705 

25,749 



1,004 
2,692 
5,409 

5,484 
13,160 



556 

2,307 



See footnotes at end of table. 



388-333 O - 70 - 5 



62 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE l--Benzenoid dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1968 — Continued 



Dye 



Production 



Quantity 



FIBER-REACTIVE DYES 

Fiber- reactive dyes, total 

Reactive yellow dyes 

Reactive orange dyes 

Reactive blue dyes 

Reactive black dyes 

All other reactive dyes 

FLUORESCENT BRIGHTENING AGENTS 

Total 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 9 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 28 

All other fluorescent brightening agents 

FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC COLORS 

Total 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Dyes 

Total 

FDSC Blue No. 1 

FD5C Blue No. 2 

FDSC Red No. 2 

FD§C Red No. 3 

FDSC Red No. 4 

FDSC Yellow No. 5 

FDSC Yellow No. 6 

All other food, drug, and cosmetic dyes 

Drug and Cosmetic and External Drug 
and Cosmetic Dyes 

Total 

DSC Red No. 7 

DSC Red No. 19 

DSC Red No. 21 

DSC Red No. 36 

DSC Yellow No. 5 

All other drug and cosmetic and external drug and cosmetic dye- 

MORDANT DYES 

Total 

Mordant yellow dyes 

Mordant orange dyes, total 

Mordant Orange 1 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 



783 
S5S 
873 



234 

1,420 

29,643 



3,375 



26 

1,111 

103 

27 
971 
872 
177 



2,861 



211 
143 



33 
110 



1,000 
vounds 



651 

770 
97 
851 



259 

1,512 

27,121 



5,630 



5,430 



78 

24 

1,152 

131 

34 

962 

872 

177 



1,000 
dollars 



10,569 



4,271 

304 

3,508 



52,674 



516 

2,398 
49,960 



13.574 



897 

247 
3,112 
1,688 

145 
2,869 
2,359 

944 



1,315 



44 
1,072 



5,925 



332 
213 



See footnotes at end of table. 



TABLE l--Benzenoid dyes: 



DYES 

U.S. production and sales, 1968 — Continued 



63 



Quantity 



1,000 
pounds 



MORDANT DYES--Continued 

Mordant red dyes, total 

Mordant Red 7 

All other 

Mordant blue dyes 

Mordant brown dyes, total 

Mordant Brown 1 

Mordant Brown 33 

Mordant Brown 40 

All other 

Mordant black dyes, total 

Mordant Black 3 

Mordant Black 11 

Mordant Black 13 

Mordant Black 17 

All other 

All other mordant dyes 

SOLVENT DYES 

Total 

Solvent yellow dyes, total 

Solvent Yellow 2 

Solvent Yellow 3 

Solvent Yellow 14 

All other 

Solvent orange dyes, total 

Solvent Orange 3 

Solvent Orange 7 

All other 

Solvent red dyes, total 

Solvent Red 24 

Solvent Red 26 

Solvent Red 49 

All other 

Solvent violet dyes, total 

Solvent Violet 8 

All other 

Solvent blue dyes, total 

Solvent Blue 11 

Solvent Blue 38 

All other 

Solvent brown dyes, total 

Solvent Brown 12 

All other 

All other solvent dyes 

See footnotes at end of table. 



79 
476 



204 
32 



240 
1,833 



1,217 



397 
219 



11,400 



1.151 



22 

53 

695 

381 



68 
101 
291 



343 

326 

78 

824 



206 
129 



1,324 



126 
1,189 



S3 
6,470 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



1,754 



1,206 



308 
197 



11,090 



741 
341 



40 
109 
320 

1.758 



295 

43 

1,420 

418 



285 
133 



125 
1,310 



5,782 



120 
111 



329 
374 



2.342 



717 
1,518 



1.155 



158 
917 



3.976 



588 

284 

3,104 



464 
457 



5.711 



613 
5,098 



227 
5,423 



64 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE \--Benzenoid dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1968 — Continued 



Dye 



Production 



Quantity Value 



SULFUR DYES^ 



Total 

Sulfur black dyes, total 

Sulfur Black 1 

Sulfur Black 2 

All other 

All other sulfur dyes 

VAT DYES 

Total 

Vat yellow dyes, total 

Vat Yellow 2, 8-1/2 

Vat Yellow 4, 12-1/2 

All other 

Vat orange dyes, total 

Vat Orange 1, 20% 

Solubilized Vat Orange 1, 26% 

Vat Orange 2, 12% 

Vat Orange 3, 13-1/2% 

Vat Orange 5, 10% 

Solubilized Vat Orange 5, 30% 

Vat Orange 9, 12% 

Vat Orange IS, 10% 

Al 1 other 

Vat red dyes, total 

Vat Red 1, 13% 

Vat Red 13, 11% 

Vat Red 32, 20% 

All other 

Vat violet dyes, total 

Vat Violet 1, 11% 

Vat Violet 2, 20% 

Vat Violet 9, 12% 

Vat Violet 13, 6-1/4% 

All other 

Vat blue dyes, total 

Vat Blue 4, 10% 

Vat Blue 6, 8-1/3% 

Vat Blue 18, 13% 

Vat Blue 20, 14% 

Al 1 other 

Vat green dyes, total 

Vat Green 1, 6% 

Vat Green 3, 10% 

Vat Green 8, 8-1/2% 

Vat Green 9, 12-1/2% 

All other 

See footnotes at end of table. 



pounds 
17,78 



9,720 
8,068 



8,296 



4,394 
2,280 
1,622 



1,653 



35 

3 

235 

1,206 

1,143 

1,390 



72 
728 



879 

769 

11,888 

11,384 



5,259 

3,SS2 

959 

935 

679 



pounds 
17,939 



10,217 



350 
9,199 



7,722 



52,182 



7,919 



4,114 
3,805 
4,328 



1,483 



397 



190 
1,059 
1,097 



300 
48 



16,474 



57 

3,414 

731 

615 

11,657 

10,224 



3,824 
3,590 
1,226 



1,000 
do I lars 



10,772 



3,851 



6,921 



61,081 



10,972 



3,839 

7,133 

11,237 



4,059 

70 

832 

146 

68 

45 

452 

2,273 

3,292 

2,429 



835 

249 

262 

1,083 

1,577 



704 
110 
233 
394 
136 

11,765 



120 
3,904 
1,259 

895 
5,587 

8,065 



2,731 
2,853 
1,089 



DYES 

TABLE \.--Bemenoid dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1968 — Continued 



65 



Dye 



Quantity 



Unit 
Value Value' 



VAT DYES--Continued 



Vat brown dyes, total-- 

Vat Brown 1, 11°. 

Vat Brown 3, ll-o 

Vat Brown 5, 13-. 

All other 

Vat black dyes, total-- 
Vat Black 25, 12-1/2% 
Vat Black 27, 12-1/2% 
All other 

All other dves' 



1,000 
pounds 



1, 000 
pounds 



4,223 



1,000 
dollars 



7,735 



860 

1,337 



869 
1,102 



1,408 

2,090 

142 

4,095 

7,301 



3,685 



544 



98 

2,28 



504 



3,109 
1,368 
2,824 

1,073 



Per 
pound 



$1.83 



1.62 
1.90 
1.69 



1.38 
1.23 



2.13 



Calculated from rounded figures. 
^ Production and sales quantities of "C.I. Leuco Sulfur" and "C.I. Solubilized Sulfur" dyes are reported in 
terms of the usual commercial concentration of the "C.I. Sulfur" dyes. 

Includes oxidation bases, ingrain dyes, and miscellaneous dyes. Statistics for these groups of dyes may 
not be published separately because publication would disclose information received in confidence. 



TABLE 2--Bemenoid dyes: U.S. production and sales, by class of application, 1968 



Class of application 



Quantity 



Unit 
Value 



Total- 



Acid 

Azcic dyes apd components: 

Azoic compositions 

Azoic diazo components, bases (Fast color bases) 

Azoic diazo components, salts (Fast color salts) 

Azoic coupling components (Naphthol AS and derivatives)- 

Bas ic 



Direct 

Disperse 

Fiber-reactive 

Fluorescent brightening agents-- 
Food, drug, and cosmetic colors- 

^■lordant 

Solvent 

Sulfur^ 

Vat 

All other' 



1,000 
pounds 



226,498 



22,510 



2,336 

826 

1,648 

2,151 

13,061 

36,643 

22,215 

2,815 

31,297 

3,579 

2,861 

11,400 

17,788 

54,824 

544 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



570,196 



20,78 



j,232 



2,051 

724 

1,604 

1,712 

12,697 

35,872 

20,098 

2,369 

28,892 

3,630 

2,508 

11,090 

17,939 

52,182 

504 



3,255 

1,050 

1,473 

2,913 

33,868 

56,606 

49,327 

10,569 

52,674 

13,574 

3,925 

19,804 

10,772 

61,081 

1,073 



Per 
pound 



2.32 



1.59 
1.45 

.92 
1.70 
2.67 
1.58 
2.45 
4.46 
1.82 
3.74 
1.56 
1.79 

.60 
1.17 
2.13 



Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Production and sales quantities of "C.I. Leuco Sulfur" and "C.I. Solubilized Sulfur" dyes are reported in 
terms of the usual commercial concentration of the "C.I. Sulfur" dyes. 

' Includes oxidation bases, ingrain dyes, and miscellaneous dyes. 
Statistics for these groups of dyes may not be published separately because publication would disclose informa- 
tion received in confidence. 



66 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 3.--Bsnzenoid dyes: U.S. production and sales, by chemical class, 1968 



Chemical class 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 



1,000 
pounds 



Total 

Anthraquinone-- 

Azo, total 

Monoazo 

Disazo 

Trisazo 

Polyazo 

Not specified 

Azoic 

Cyanine 

Indigoid 

Methine 

Nitro 

Oxazine 

Phthalocyanine- 

Quinoline 

Stilbene 

Sulfur^ 

Thiazine 

Tliiazole 

Triarylmethane- 

Xanthene 

All other^ 



71,121 



29,775 
22,665 
11,359 
2,452 
4,870 

6,961 

521 

2,091 

1,990 

273 

2,327 

1,241 

33,157 

17,788 

520 

7,264 

1,360 

24,785 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
do I lars 



68,133 



151,78 



28,064 
21,954 
10,956 
2,439 
4,720 

6,091 

481 

5,432 

1,928 

1,869 

278 

2,205 

1,114 

31,007 

17,959 

500 

504 

6,873 

1,137 

18,152 



62,854 
41,404 
11,822 
3,752 
11,957 

8,691 
1,433 
3,400 
6,340 
3,002 
1,178 
5,474 
3,603 

47,826 

10,772 
1,078 
1,158 

16,766 
5,984 

25,942 



Per 

pound 



1.93 



2.24 
1.89 
1.08 
1.54 
2.53 

1.43 
2.98 

.63 
5.29 
1.61 
4.23 
2.48 
3.24 
1.54 

.60 
2.16 
2.30 
2.44 
5.26 
1.43 



' Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Production and sales quantities of "C.l. Leuco Sulfur" and "C.I. Solubilized Sulfur" dyes are reported in 
terms of the usual commercial concentration of the "C.l. Sulfur" dyes. 

' Includes production and sales of acridine, aminoketone, azine, coumarin, indophenol, ketone imine, nitroso, 
oxidation bases, vat sulfur, and miscellaneous dyes; and production of indigoid and thiazine dyes. Statistics 
for these groups of dyes may not be published separately because publication would disclose information re- 
ceived in confidence. 



DYES 

TABLE ^.--Benzenoid dyes: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 2968 



67 



)yes for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an asterisk (*) ; dyes not 
so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be 
published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from the Appenaix, tables 1 uiid 2. 
An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product.] 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



Acid yel low dyes : 



Acid Ye 

Acid Ye 
*Acid Ye 

Acid Ye 
*Acid Ye 

Acid Ye 
*Acid Ye 



low 1- 
low 2-- 
low 3-- 
low 4-- 
low 11- 
low 14- 
low 17- 



*Acid Yellow 23 

Acid Yellow 25i 

Acid Yellow 29 

Acid Yellow 34 

*Acid Yellow 36 

Acid Yellow 38 

*Acid Yellow 40 

*Acid Yellow 42 

*Acid Yellow 44 

Acid Yellow 49 

*Acid Yellow 54 

Acid Yellow 59 

Acid Yellow 63 

*Acid Yellow 65 

*Acid Yellow 73 

Acid Yellow 76 

Acid Yellow 79 

Acid Yellow 95 

*Acid Yellow 99 

Acid Yellow 114 

Acid Yellow 121 

*Acid Yellow 124 

Acid Yellow 127 

Acid Yellow 128 

Acid Yellow 129 

*Acid Yellow 151 

Acid Yellow 152 

Acid Yellow 159 

Acid Yellow 174 

Acid Yellow 175 

Acid Yellow 186 

Other acid yellow dyes- 
\cid orange dyes: 

*Acid Orange 1 

Acid Orange 2 

Acid Orange 5 

Acid Orange 6 

*Acid Orange 7 

*Acid Orange 8 

*Acid Orange 10 

Acid Orange 12 

Acid Orange 19 

*Acid Orange 24 

Acid Orange 28 

Acid Orange 31 

Acid Orange 34 



ACY 
DUP 
ACS 
SDII 
BDO 
TRC 
ACS 
Tl 
AAP 
GAF 
GAF 
ACS 
ACS 
ACS 
ATL 
AAP 
AAP 
VPC 
ACS 
VPC 
AAP 
ACS 
ACS 
ACS 
VPC 
CMC 
ACS 
BDO 
GAF 
ACS 
TRC 
ALT 
TRC 
ACY 
ACY 
ACS 
DUP 
DUP 
VPC 
ACY 

ATL 
ACS 
ACY 
ACS 
AAP 
ACS 
ACS 
ACS 
GAF 
ACS 
ACS 
AAP 
ACY 



ACY, DUP. 

CMG, DUP, 

ACY, ATL, 
:, VPC. 
ACS, ACY, 

TRC. 

DUP, TRC. 
GAF. 

DUP, GAF, 

ACY, GAF, 

ACS, GAF, 



VPC. 

BDO, CMG, DUP, PDC, SDH, TCD, 

GAF, MRX, SDH, TRC, VPC. 



TRC, VPC. 

VPC. 

VPC. 



ACY, CMG, GAF, TCD, TRC, VPC. 



ACS. 

ALT, TRC. 
DUP, GAF, 
TRC. 



CMG, GAF, 

CMG, TRC. 

DUP. TCD. 

TRC. 

DUP. TCD, 

ALT, TRC. 



SDH, TCD. 



TRC, VPC. 



ALT. ATL, CMG, DUP, GAF, TRC, VPC. 
GAF, TCD. 



ACS, ACY, CPC, GAF, PDC, TCD, TRC. YAW. 

ACY, ATL, DUP, GAF, TCD, TRC. 

ACY, ATL, UUP, GAF, PDC. TRC, VPC. YAW. 



ACY. DUP, GAF, TRC, YAW. 



68 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE A.--Benzenoid dyes: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



ACID DYES-- Continued 



*Acid orange dyes--Contini 

Acid Orange 45 

Acid Orange 51 

Acid Orange 52 

Acid Orange 56 

*Acid Orange 60 

Acid Orange 62 

Acid Orange 63 

Acid Orange 64 

Acid Orange 69 

Acid Orange 72 

*Acid Orange 74 

Acid Orange 76 

Acid Orange 85 

Acid Orange 86 

Acid Orange 114 

*Acid Orange 116 

Acid Orange 119 

Acid Orange 128 

Acid Orange 132 

Other acid orange dyes- 
*Acid red dyes: 

*Acid Red 1 



AAP 



*Acid Red 4-- 

'Acid Red 14- 

Acid Red 17- 

'Acid Red 18- 

*Acid Red 26- 

Acid Red 27- 



VPC, YAW. 



ATL 
ACS 
ACS 
ACS 
ACS 
ACS 

Acid Red 32 I ACS 

Acid Red 33 

Acid Red 34 

Acid Red 35 

*Acid Red 37 

Acid Red 42 

Acid Red 51 

Acid Red 52 

Acid Red 57 

Acid Red 66 

*Acid Red 73 -- 

Acid Red 76 

*Acid Red 80 

*Acid Red 85 

*Acid Red 87 

*Acid Red 88 

*Acid Red 89 

Acid Red 92 

Acid Red 94 

Acid Red 97 

*Acid Red 99 

Acid Red 100 

Acid Red 106 

Acid Red 113 

*Acid Red 114 



TRC. 
DUP, TRC. 



DUP, GAP, TCD, TRC. 



TRC. 
ACY, DUP. 



CMC, GAP, 
TRC. 



ALT, TRC. 



ALT, FAB, GAP, TCD, TRC. 



ATL, GAP, TRC, VPC. 

ACS, ACY, BDO, BL, DUP, GAP, SDH, TCD, TRC, 



BDO, CMG, 

ATL, DUP, 

TRC, YAW. 

ACY, ATL, 

ACY, ATL, 

GAP. 

DUP. 
GAP. 

CMG, DUP, 



DUP, GAP, PDC, TRC, VPC, YAW. 
GAP, PDC, YAW. 



BDO, DUP, GAP, PDC, TRC. 
CPC, GAP. 



GAP, TCD, TRC. 



ACY, ATL, DUP, GAP, PSC, TRC. 



ICl, TCD. 

ACY, ATL, 

SDH, TCD. 

ACY, ATL, 

BDO, GAP, 



GAP. 
CMG, FAB, 



CMG, DUP, GAP, PDC, TRC, VPC, YAW. 



DUP, GAP, TRC, YAW. 
VPC. 



TCD, TRC, VPC, YAW. 



ALT, ATL, DUP, GAP, PDC, TRC. 



DYES 69 

TABLE i.--Bemenoid dyes: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968— Continued 



Dye 



ACID DYES--Continued 

*Acid red dyes--Continued 

Acid Red US 

Acid Red 119 

Acid Red 133 

Acid Red 134 

*Acid Red 137 

Acid Red 138 

*Acid Red 151--- 

Acid Red 167- 

Acid Red 175- 

Acid Red 178 - _.. 

Acid Red 179 

*Acid Red 182 

Acid Red 183 

*Acid Red 186 

Acid Red 191 

Acid Red 194 

Acid Red 201 

Acid Red 207 

Acid Red 211 

Acid Red 212 

Acid Red 213 

Acid Red 217 

Acid Red 266 

Acid Red 292 

Acid Red 299 

Acid Red 309 

Acid Red 337 

Acid Red 345 

Other acid red dyes 

*Acid violet dyes: 

*Acid Violet 1 l^cs 

*Acid Violet 3 JaCs' 

Acid Violet 6 'aCs! 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



ACS, 
ACS, 
GAF. 
DUP, 
ACS, 
ALT. 
AAP, 
ACS, 
DUP. 
DUP. 
CMC, 
ACS, 
CMC, 
ATL, 
TRC. 
TRC. 
TRC. 
ACS. 
DUP. 
TRC. 
TRC. 
ALT. 
DUP. 
ACY. 
ALT, 
TRC. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
ACY, 



GAF. 
ALT. 

TRC. 

ATL, DUP, GAF, TRC. 

ACY, ALT, ATL, DUP, TCD, TRC, YAW. 
DUP, TRC. 



TRC. 

ACY, CMC, DUP, GAF, TCD. 

TRC. 

CMC, GAF, TCD. 



GAF, TRC. 



ALT, ATL, CMG, GAF, TRC, VPC. 



BDO, 
ACY, 



CMG, GAF. 
TRC, YAW. 



*Acid Violet 7 

Acid Violet 11 

*Acid Violet 12 

*Acid Violet 17 

Acid Violet 29 

Acid Violet 34 

Acid Violet 41 

Acid Violet 43 

*Acid Violet 49 

Acid Violet 56 

Acid Violet 76 

Other acid violet dyes- 
*Acid blue dyes : 

Acid Blue 1 

*Acid Blue 7 

*Acid Blue 9 

Acid Blue 10 

Acid Blue 15 

Acid Blue 20 

Acid Blue 22 

Acid Blue 23 



AAP, 
GAF. 
BDO, 
DUP, 
HSH. 
DUP, 
CMG. 
HSH, 
ACS, 
CMG, 
lACS. 
DUP, 

ACS, 
ACS, 
ACS, 
ACS. 
DUP, 
ACS. 
TCD. 
ACS, 



ACS, BDO, CMG, DUP, GAF, TRC, VPC. 



CMC, 
GAF, 

ICl. 

ICI. 
ACY, 
GAF. 



GAF, TRC. 



DUP, GAF. 
SDH. 



GAF, 
ACY, 
GAF, 

GAF. 



SDH. 

GAF, SDH. 
SDH, VPC. 



70 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 4.--Benzenoid dyes: Manufacturers' identifiaation codes, by products, 1968 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



ACID DYES--Continued 



*Acid blue dyes--Continued 



*Acid Blue 25 

*Acid Blue 27 

Acid Blue 29 

Acid Blue 34 

*Acid Blue 40 

*Acid Blue 41 

*Acid Blue 43 

*Acid Blue 45 

Acid Blue 47 

Acid Blue 48 

Acid Blue 55 

Acid Blue 58 

Acid Blue 59 

*Acid Blue 62 

Acid Blue 63 

Acid Blue 67 

Acid Blue 69 

Acid Blue 74 

*Acid Blue 78 

Acid Blue 80 

Acid Blue 81 

Acid Blue 83 

Acid Blue 89 

Acid Blue 90 

Acid Blue 92 

Acid Blue 93 

Acid Blue 102 

Acid Blue 104 

*Acid Blue 113 

Acid Blue 118 

Acid Blue 120 

Acid Blue 122 

Acid Blue 145 

*Acid Blue 158 and 158A- 

Acid Blue 165 

Acid Blue 179 

Acid Blue 198 

Acid Blue 203 

Acid Blue 230 

Acid Blue 231 

Acid Blue 232 

Acid Blue 255 

Acid Blue 263 

Other acid blue dyes 

*Acid green dyes : 

*Acid Green 1 

*Acid Green 3 

Acid Green 5 

*Acid Green 9 

Acid Green 10 

Acid Green 12 

*Acid Green 16 

*Acid Green 20 

Acid Green 22 



ACS 


ATL, 


BDO, 


CMG, 


DUP, 


GAP, 


TRC, 


VPC. 


ALT 


BDO, 


CMC, 


GAP. 










PDC 
















ACS 
















ACS 


ALT, 


ATL, 


DUP, 


GAP, 


ICI. 






ACS 


BDO, 


OIG, 


GAP. 










ACS 


ACY, 


GAP, 


TRC. 










ACS 


ACY 


CMG, 


DUP, 


GAP, 


TRC. 






ICI 
















HSC 
















ACS 
















DUP 
















ACS 
















ACS 


ALT, 


BDO, 


GAP, 


VPC. 








ACS 
















CMC 
















GAP 
















ACS 


DUP. 














ACS 


DUP, 


GAP, 


ICI, 


TRC. 








ACS 


TRC. 














ICI 
















GAP 
















ACS 


GAP. 














ACS 


TRC. 














ACS 


YAW. 














ACY 


HSC. 














ACS 


TRC. 














ACS 


GAP. 














ACS 


ALT, 


ATL, 


BDO, 


CMG, 


DUP, 


FAB, 


GAP, TCD, TRC 


ACS 


GAP, 


TCD. 












ACS 


GAP. 














DUP 
















ACS 


DUP. 














ACS 


ACY. 


BDO, 


DUP, 


GAP, 


TCD, 


TRC, 


VPC. 


DUP 
















GAP 
















VPC 
















VPC 
















DUP 


TRC. 














TRC 
















VPC 
















DUP 
















DUP 
















ACY 


ALT, 


ATL, 


CMG, 


DUP, 


GAP, 


TCD, 


TRC, VPC. 


ACS 


ACY, 


ATL, 


DUP. 










ACS 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAP, 


TRC. 








GAP 
















ACS 


ACY, 


GAP. 












ACS 
















ACS 


GAP. 














ACS 


DUP, 


GAP, 


SDH, 


TRC. 








ACS 


ATL, 


BDO, 


DUP, 


GAP, 


PDC, 


TRC. 




GAP 

















DYES 71 

TABLE 4. --Bensenoid dyes: Manufacturers' identification oodes, by products, 1968 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 

(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



ACID DYES--Continued 



*Acid green dyes--Contini 

*Acid Green 25 

Acid Green 35 

Acid Green 41 

Acid Green 44 

Acid Green 50 

Acid Green 58 

Acid Green 70 

Other acid green dyes- 

*Acid brown dyes: 

Acid Brown 1 

Acid Brown 6 

*Acid Brown 14 

Acid Brown 19 

Acid Brown 22 

Acid Brown 28 

Acid Brown 29 

Acid Brown 31 

Acid Brown 45 

Acid Brown 96 

Acid Brown 97 

Acid Brown 98 

Acid Brown 152 

Acid Brown 158 

Acid Brown 223 

Acid Brown 243 

Other acid brown dyes- 

*Acid black dyes : 

*Acid Black 1 



Acid Black 2 

Acid Black 12 

*Acid Black 24 

Acid Black 26, 26A, and 26B- 

Acid Black 29- 

Acid Black 41 

*Acid Black 48 

*Acid Black 52 

Acid Black 53 

Acid Black 58 

*Acid Black 60-- 

Acid Black 92 

*Acid Black 107 

Acid Black 108 

Acid Black 138 

Other acid black dyes 



AZOIC DYES AND COMPONENTS 

Azoic Compositions 

Azoic yellow dyes: 

Azoic Yellow 1 

*Azoic Yellow 2 

Azoic Yellow 3 



ACS, 


ATL, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


HSH, 


ICI, 


TRC, 


VPC. 


TRC. 
















ICI, 


VPC. 














VPC. 
















ACY, 


GAF. 














TRC. 
















TRC. 
















ALT, 


VPC. 














GAF. 
















GAP. 
















AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC, 


YAW. 




TRC. 
















DUP. 
















TRC. 
















DUP. 
















GAF. 
















TRC. 
















ACY. 
















ACY. 
















ACY, 


TRC. 














GAF. 
















GAF. 
















GAF. 
















GAF. 
















CMC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


VPC. 










AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY, 


ATL, 


DUP, 


FAB, 


GAF, 


HSH, PDC, TCD 


TRC, YAW. 












ACS, 


ACY. 














ACS. 
















ACS, 


CMG, 


DUP, 


GAF. 










ACS, 


DUP, 


TRC. 












ACS, 


GAF. 














ACS. 
















ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


ICI, 


TRC. 








ACS, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TCD, 


TRC. 








ACS. 
















DUP, 


TRC. 














BDO, 


OIG, 


TRC. 












ACY. 
















ACS, 


GAF, 


TRC. 












GAF. 
















VPC. 
















ALT, 


DUP, 


PDC. 













ALL, ATL. 
ALL, BUC, X. 
BUC. 



72 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE ^.--Benzenoid dyes: Manufacturers' identification aodes, by products, 2968 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



AZOIC DYES AND COMPONENTS--Continued 

Azoic Compositions--Continued 

Azoic orange dyes: 

*Azoic Orange 3 

Azoic Orange 4 

Azoic Orange 10 

*Azoic red dyes: 

*Azoic Red 1 

*Azoic Red 2 

*Azoic Red 6 

Azoic Red 13 

Azoic Red 15-- 

Azoic Red 16 

Azoic Red 74 

Other azoic red dyes 

*Azoic violet dyes: Azoic Violet 1 

Azoic blue dyes : 

Azoic Blue 2 

*Azoic Blue 3 

Azoic Blue 6 

Azoic Blue 7 

Other azoic blue dyes 

Azoic green dyes: 

Azoic Green 1 

Other azoic green dyes 

Azoic brown dyes: 

Azoic Brown 3 

Azoic Brown 7 

*Azoic Brown 9 

Azoic Brown 10 

Azoic Brown 26 

Other azoic brown dyes 

*Azoic black dyes: 

Azoic Black 1 

Azoic Black 4 

Azoic Black 15 

Other azoic black dyes 

Azoic Diazo Components , Bases 
(Fast Color Bases) 

Azoic Diazo Component 2, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 3, base 

*Azoic Diazo Component 4, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 5, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 8, base 

*Azoic Diazo Component 9, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 10, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 11, base 

*Azoic Diazo Component 12, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 13, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 14, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 20, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 27, base 



ALL, ATL, BUC, GAF, x. 

GAF. 

BUC. 

ALL, ATL, BUC, GAF, x. 

ALL, ATL, BUC, GAF, X. 

ALL, ATL, BUC, GAF, VPC, x. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

ATL. 

GAF. 

ALL, SDC, X. 

ATL, BUC, GAF. 

ATL, GAF. 

ATL, BUC, GAF, HST, x. 

ATL, GAF. 

ATL, GAF. 

ALL. 

ATL. 

ATL, GAF, VPC. 



BUC. 

ALL, BUC, GAF, HST, VPC, x. 
! BUG. 
GAF. 
GAF, VPC. 

HST. 

ATL, BUC, GAF. 

GAF. 

ALL, GAF, PCW, VPC. 



ATL, BUC. 

BUC. 

BUC, GAF, SDH. 

GAF, SDH. 

DUP, SDH. 

AAP, DUP, VPC. 

BUC, GAF. 

PCW. 

BUC, PCW, SDH. 

ALL, BUC. 

AAP. 

GAF. 

ALL. 



DYES 73 

TABLE A.-'Benzenoid dyes: Manufacturers' identification codes, byproducts, 1968— Continued 



Dye 



AZOIC DYES AND COMPONENTS --Continued 

Azoic Diazo Components, Bases--Continued 
(Fast Color Bases) 



Component 28, base-- 
Component 32, base-- 
Component 34, base-- 
Component 41, base-- 
Component 42, base-- 
Component 44, base-- 
Component 48, base-- 
Coraponent 49, base-- 
Component 121, base- 



izoio Diazo Components, Salts 
(Fast Color Salts) 



Azoic 


Diazo 


* Azoic 


Diazo 


Azoic 


Diazo 


Azoic 


Diazo 


Azoic 


Diazo 


Azoic 


Diazo 


Azoic 


Diazo 


Azoic 


Diazo 


Azoic 


Diazo 



*A2oic 


Diazo 


Azoic 


Diazo 


*Azoic 


Diazo 


* Azoic 


Diazo 


'Azoic 


Diazo 


*Azoic 


Diazo 


*Azoic 


Diazo 


Azoic 


Diazo 


Azoic 


Diazo 


'Azoic 


Diazo 


'Azoic 


Diazo 


Azoic 


Diazo 


Azoic 


Diazo 


'Azoic 


Diazo 


Azoic 


Diazo 


Azoic 


Diazo 


Azoic 


Diazo 


Azoic 


Diazo 


Azoic 


Diazo 


Azoic 


Diazo 


Azoic 


Diazo 


Azoic 


Diazo 


Azoic 


Diazo 


Azoic 


Diazo 


Azoic 


Diazo 


Other 


azoic 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



BUC. 

AAP, ATL, BUC, DUP, SDH. 

OAF. 

GAF. 

PCW. 

AAP, BUC. 

CWN, DUP, GAF. 

PCW. 

PCW. 



AAP, 
ALL, 
AAP, 
AAP, 
AAP, 
AAP, 
AAP, 
GAF., 
AAP, 
AAP, 
AAP, 
AAP. 
ALL, 



Component 1, salt 

Component 2, salt 

Component 3, salt 

Component 5, salt 

Component 6, salt 

Component 8, salt 

Component 9, salt 

Component 10, salt 7 

Component 11, salt 

Component 12, salt 

Component 13, salt 

Component 14, salt 

Component 20, salt 

Component 28, salt ALL, 

Component 32, salt lALL, 

Component 34, salt JALL, 

GAF. 
AAP, 
GAF. 
GAF. 
ALL, 
BUC, 
GAF, 
AAP, 
GAF. 
SDH. 



GAF, 
GAF. 
ALL, 
ALL, 
BUC, 
ALL, 
ALL, 
SDH. 
ALL. 
ALL, 
ALL, 



SDH. 

BUC, GAF, SDH. 

BUC, GAF, SDH. 

GAF, SDH. 

BUC, GAF. 

BUC, GAF, SDH, VPC. 



BUC, GAF, SDH. 
BUC, GAF, SDH. 



Component 35, salt 

Component 36, salt 

Component 37, salt 

Component 41, salt 

Component 42, salt 

Component 44, salt 

Component 48, salt 

Component 49, salt 

Component 121, salt 

diazo components, salts- 



Azoio Coupling Components 
(Naphthol AS and Derivatives ) 



*Azoic 
*Azoic 
*Azoic 
'Azoic 
'Azoic 
Azoic 
Azoic 
Azoic 
'Azoic 



Coupling 
Coupling 
Coupling 
Coupling 
Coupling 
Coupling 
Coupling 
Coupling 
Coupling 



Component 2 — 
Component 3-- 
Component 4-- 
Component 7-- 
Component 8-- 
Component 11- 
Component 12- 
Component 13- 
Component 14- 



GAF. 

BUC, GAF, SDH. 

SDH. 

GAF. 

GAF. 



GAF. 
GAF. 
SDH. 
ALL, BUC, GAF, SDH. 



AAP, ACY, ATL, BUC, GAF, PCW. 

BUC, GAF, PCW. 

BUC, GAF, PCW. 

AAP, BUC, PCW. 

BUC, GAF, PCW. 

BUC, GAF, PCW. 

BUC, GAF, PCW. 

GAF, SDH. 

ACS, ATL, BUC, GAF, PCW. 



74 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE i . - -Benzenoid dyes: Manufaaturers ' identifiaation codes, by products, 1968 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2} 



AZOIC DYES AND COMPONENTS--Continued 

Asoia Coupling Components- -Continued 
(Naphthol AS and Derivatives ) 

*Azoic Coupling Component 15 

Azoic Coupling Component 16 

*Azoic Coupling Component 17 

*Azoic Coupling Component 18 

Azoic Coupling Component 19 

*Azoic Coupling Component 20 

Azoic Coupling Component 21 

Azoic Coupling Component 23 

Azoic Coupling Component 24 

*Azoic Coupling Component 29 

Azoic Coupling Component 34 

Azoic Coupling Component 35 

Azoic Coupling Component 36 

*Azoic Coupling Component 43 

Azoic Coupling Component 44 

Other azoic coupling components 

BASIC DYES 

*Basic yellow dyes: 

Basic Yellow 1 

*Basic Yellow 2 

*Basic Yellow 11 

*Basic Yellow 13 

Basic Yellow 15 

Basic Yellow 16 

Basic Yellow 24 

Basic Yellow 25 

Basic Yellow 26 

Basic Yellow 28 

Basic Yellow 29 

Basic Yellow 31 

Basic Yellow 37 

Basic Yellow 41 

Other basic yellow dyes 

*Basic orange dyes: 

*Basic Orange 1 

*Basic Orange 2 

Basic Orange 10 

Basic Orange 14 

Basic Orange 17 

*Basic Orange 21 

Basic Orange 22 

Basic Orange 24 

Basic Orange 25 

Basic Orange 26 

Basic Orange 27 

Basic Orange 31 

*Basic red dyes: 

Basic Red 1 

Basic Red 2 

*Basic Red 9 



BUC, 


GAP. 


PCW. 




BUC, 


GAP. 






ACY, 


BUC. 


PCW. 




ACY, 


ATL, 


BUC, 


DUP, GAP, PCW 


GAP, 


PCW. 






ATL, 


BUC, 


GAP, 


PCW. 


BUC, 


PCW, 


SDH. 




GAP, 


PCW. 






GAP, 


PCW. 






ATL, 


BUC, 


GAP, 


PCW. 


BUC. 


PCW. 






GAP, 


PCW. 






GAP. 








ATL, 


BUC, 


GAP. 




PCW. 








ATL, 


GAP, 


VPC. 





DUP. 

ACS, ACY, DUP. 

ACS, DUP, EKT, GAP, VPC. 

ACS, DUP, GAP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

BAS. 

BAS. 

ACY. 

VPC. 

VPC. 

DUP. 

ACY, DUP. 

ACY. 

DUP, VPC. 

ACS, ACY, DUP, GAP, TRC. 

ACS, ACY, DSC, DUP, GAP, PSC, TRC. 

VPC. 

GAP. 

ACS. 

ACS, UUP, GAP, VPC. 

ACS, GAP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

VPC. 

ACY. 

BAS, DUP. 
ACS, DUP. 
ACY, DSC, HSC. 



DYES 

TABLE 4.--Benzenoid dyes: Manufaaturers ' identification codes, by products, li 



75 



— Continued 



Dye 



BASIC DYES--Continued 



*Basic red dyes--Continued 

Basic Red 12 

*Basic Red 13 

*Basic Red 14 

Basic Red 15 

Basic Red 16 

Basic Red 17 

Basic Red 18 

Basic Red 19 

Basic Red 22 

Basic Red 29 

Basic Red 30 - 

Basic Red 47 

Basic Red 48 

Basic Red 49 

Other basic red dyes 

*Basic violet dyes: 

*Basic Violet 1 

Basic Violet 2 

Basic Violet 3 

*Basic Violet 4 

Basic Violet 7 

*Basic Violet 10 

Basic Violet 13 

Basic Violet 14 

Basic Violet 15 

*Basic Violet 16 

Basic Violet 18 

Basic Violet 24 

'Basic blue dyes: 

*Basic Blue 1 

Basic Blue 2 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



ACY, 
ACS, 
ACS, 
DUP, 
DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP, 
DUP. 
ACY, 
BAS. 
ACY. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
GAP, 



ACS, 
DSC, 
ACS, 
ACS, 
GAF. 
ACY, 
DSC. 
ACY, 
DUP. 
DUP, 
ACY. 



DUP. 



I DSC, 

i DSC. 

-- I DUP, 

I osc, 

I y^cjj^ 

--- -- DSC, 

'Basic Blue 9 ACS 

Basic Blue 11 j q^q 



Basic 


Blue 


3 


Basic 


Blue 


5 


Basic 


Blue 


6 


Basic 


Blue 


7 



Basic Blue 21 

Basic Blue 22 

*Basic Blue 26 

Basic Blue 35 

Basic Blue 38 

Basic Blue 39 

Basic Blue 41 

Basic Blue 45 

Basic Blue 47 

Basic Blue 54 

Basic Blue 76 

Basic Blue 77 

Basic Blue 82 

Basic Blue 87 

Other basic blue dyes- 



DUP. 
ACS, 
ACS, 
DUP. 
ACY, 
BAS, 
TRC. 
VPC. 
VPC. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
DUP, 
DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP, 



DUP. 

GAF, VPC. 

ACY, DUP, GAF, VPC. 

GAF. 



VPC. 
TRC. 



VPC. 

ACY, DSC, DUP, HSC. 
DUP, TCD. 
DSC, DUP, SDH. 
DSC, DUP, GAF. 

DUP, GAF. 

DSC. 

GAF, VPC. 



GAF, SDH, VPC. 

GAF. 

SDH, VPC. 
ACY. 

DUP, SDH. 
ACY, DUP, SDH. 
DUP, SDH. 

DUP. 

DSC, DUP, SDH. 

DUP. 
DUP. 



GAF, VPC. 



76 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE a, . - -Benzenoid dyes: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968 — Continued 



Dye 



BASIC DYES--Continued 

Basic green dyes : 

*Basic Green 1 

Basic Green 3 

*Basic Green 4 

Basic Green 7 

Other basic green dyes 

Basic brown dyes: 

*Basic Brown 1 

Basic Brown 2 

*Basic Brown 4 

Basic black dyes : 

Basic Black 3 

Other basic black dyes 

DIRECT DYES 

*Direct yellow dyes: 

♦Direct Yellow 4 

*Direct Yellow 5 

*Direct Yellow 6 

Direct Yellow 7 

Direct Yellow 8 

Direct Yellow 9 

*Direct Yellow 11 

*Direct Yellow 12 

Direct Yellow 20 

Direct Yellow 23 

*Direct Yellow 26 

Direct Yellow 27 

*Direct Yellow 28 

♦Direct Yellow 29 

Direct Yellow 39 

♦Direct Yellow 44 

♦Direct Yellow 50 

Direct Yellow 59 

Direct Yellow 63 

Direct Yellow 84 -- 

Direct Yellow 103 

♦Direct Yellow 105 

♦Direct Yellow 106 

Direct YelloW 107 

Direct Yellow 114 

Direct Yellow 117 

Direct Yellow 118 

Direct Yellow 119 

Direct Yellow 120 

Direct Yellow 121 

Direct Yellow 123 

Direct Yellow 125 

Direct Yellow 127 

Direct Yellow 128 --- 

Other direct yellow dyes 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



ACS, ACY, DSC, DUP, SDH. 

DUP. 

ACS, ACY, DSC, DUP, SDH. 

DSC. 

DUP, VPC. 

ACS, ACY, DUP, GAP, TRC. 

GAP. 

ACS, ACY, DSC, DUP, GAP, PSC, TRC. 

GAP. 
DSC, VPC. 



ACS, 
ACS, 
ACS, 
ATL. 
ACS, 
DUP. 
ACS, 
ACS, 
TRC. 
DUP. 
ACS, 
GAP. 
ACS, 
ATL, 
TRC. 
ACS, 
ACS, 

[acs, 

DUP. 
ACS, 
ACS. 
ALT, 
ACS, 
GAP. 
ACY. 
TRC. 
TRC. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
TRC. 
DUP, 
ACY, 
DUP, 
DUP, 
AAP. 



ACY, DUP, GAP, TCD, TRC, VPC. 

ACY, GAP. 

ACY, ATL, DUP, GAP, TRC. 

GAP, YAW. 

ACY, DUP, GAP, TCD, TRC. 
ATL, DUP, FAB, GAP, TCD, TRC. 



ALT, TCD. 

ATL, DUP, GAP, TRC. 
DUP, GAP. 

ALT, ATL, DUP, PAB, GAP, TRC, TCD, VPC. 
ATL, DUP, FAB, GAP, TRC, TCD, VPC. 
DUP. 

TCD, TRC. 

GAP, TCD, TRC. 

ALT, FAB, GAP, TCD, TRC. 



ALT, ATL, DUP, GAP, TRC. 



DYES 77 

TABLE 4.--Benzenoid dyee: Manufacturers' identifioation codes, by products, 1963 — Continued 



Dye 



DIRECT DYES--Continued 

'Direct orange dyes: 

*Direct Orange 1 

Direct Orange 6 

•Direct Orange 8 

Direct Orange 10 

Direct Orange 11 

*Direct Orange 15 

*Direct Orange 26 

*Direct Orange 29 

*Direct Orange 34 

*Direct Orange 37 

*Direct Orange 59 

Direct Orange 42 

Direct Orange 59 

Direct Orange 61 

Direct Orange 67 

Direct Orange 70 

*Direct Orange 72 

*Direct Orange 73 

Direct Orange 74 

Direct Orange 76 

Direct Orange 78 

Direct Orange 79 

Direct Orange 80 

*Direct Orange 81 

Direct Orange 83 

Direct Orange 88 

*Direct Orange 102 

Direct Orange 110 

Direct Orange 114 

Other direct orange dyes 

*Direct red dyes : 

*Direct Red 1 

♦Direct Red 2 

*Direct Red 4 

Direct Red 5 

Direct Red 7 

*Direct Red 10 

*Direct Red 13 

*Direct Red 16 

Direct Red 20 

*Direct Red 23 

♦Direct Red 24 

♦Direct Red 26 

♦Direct Red 28 

♦Direct Red 31- 

Direct Red 32 

♦Direct Red 37-- - 

♦Direct Red 39 

Direct Red 46 

Direct Red 62 

Direct Red 67 

Direct Red 72 

Direct Red 73 

♦Direct Red 75 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



AAP, 
ACS. 
ACS, 
AAP, 
GAF. 
ACS, 
ACS, 
ATL, 
ACS, 
ACY, 
ACY, 
ATL. 
DUP, 
TRC. 
ACS, 
TRC. 
ACS, 
DUP, 
DUP. 
DUP. 
VPC. 
DUP. 
DUP, 
ACS, 
GAF. 
DUP. 
ACS, 
TRC. 
DUP. 
ALT, 

AAP, 
ATL, 
ACS, 
ACS. 
ATL. 
AAP, 
ACS, 
ACS, 
ACS, 
ACS, 
AAP, 
AAP, 
ACS, 
ACS, 
ACS, 
ACS, 
ACS, 
ATL, 
ATL^ 
ACS, 
ACS, 
ACS, 
ACS 



ACS, ATL, BDO, CMC, VPC. 

ATL, DUP, GAF, TRC. 
ACS. 

ACY, DUP, GAF, TRC. 
ATL, DUP, GAF, TRC. 
FAB, TCD, TRC. 
ATL, CMC, DUP, GAF. 
CMG, DUP, GAF, TRC. 
ALT, ATL, DUP, GAF, TCD. 

GAF. 

VPC. 

ALT, ATL, FAB, TCD, TRC, VPC. 
GAF, TRC, VPC. 



VPC. 

DUP, GAF, VPC. 



ACY, DUP, GAF. 



ATL, DUP, VPC. 

ACS, ATL, DUP, GAF, TRC, YAW. 

DUP, FAB, TCD, TRC. 

ATL, TRC, VPC. 



ACS, 
ATL, 
ATL, 
GAF. 
ATL, 
ATL, 
ACS, 
ATL, 
ATL, 
DUP. 
ACY, 
ATL, 

TRC. 



ATL. 

DUP, GAF, TRC, YAW. 

DUP, GAF, TRC. 

CMG, DUP, FAB, GAF, TCD, TRC. 

FAB, TCD, TRC, VPC. 

ATL, DUP, GAF, TCD, TRC, VPC. 

DUP, TRC, YAW. 

DUP, GAF. 

ATL, DUP, GAF, TRC, YAW. 
DUP, GAF, TRC, YAW. 



GAF, TRC. 

DUP. 

CMG, DUP, GAF. 



8-333 O - 70 - 6 



78 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE ^.--Benzenoid dyes: Manufacturers' identifiaation codes, by products, 1968 — Continued 



Dye 



DIRECT DYES--Continued 



"Direct red dyes- 
Direct Red 76- 
*Direct Red 79- 
*Direct Red 80- 

*Direct Red 81- 



*Direct Red 83 

Direct Red 84 

Direct Red 95 

Direct Red 111 

Direct Red 117 

*Direct Red 122 

Direct Red 123 

Direct Red 139 

♦Direct Red 149 

Direct Red 152 

Direct Red 153 

Direct Red 209 

Direct Red 212 

Other direct red dyes- 
*Direct violet dyes: 

*Direct Violet 1 

Direct Violet 7 

*Direct Violet 9 

Direct Violet 14 

Direct Violet 22 

Direct Violet 47 

Direct Violet 48 

Direct Violet 49 

Direct Violet 51 

Direct Violet 62 

Direct Violet 66 

Direct Violet 67 

♦Direct blue dyes: 

♦Direct Blue 1 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



"Direct Blue 2- 



*Direct Blue 6-- 

'Direct Blue 8-- 

Direct Blue 14- 

♦Direct Blue 15- 

'Direct Blue 22- 

"Direct Blue 24- 

♦Direct Blue 25- 

Direct Blue 26- 

♦Direct Blue 67- 

♦Direct Blue 71- 

Direct Blue 74- 

Direct Blue 75- 

*Direct Blue 76- 

♦Direct Blue 78- 

*Direct Blue 80- 

Direct Blue 81- 



ACS, 


GAP. 


















ATL, 


CMG, 


TCD, 


TRC, 


VPC 












AAP, 


ACS, 


ATL, 


BDO, 


BL, 


CMG, 


DUP, 


FAB. 


SDH. 


TCD 


TRC, VPC. 
















AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY, 


ALT, 


ATL 


BL, 


CMG. 


DUP, 


GAF. 


TCD 


TRC, VPC, YAW. 














ACS. 


ALT, 


ATL. 


BL, 


CMG, 


DUP, 


FAB, 


TCU. 


TRC. 


VPC 


GAP, 


TCD. 


















VPC. 




















GAP. 




















DUP. 




















CMG, 


TRC, 


VPC. 
















GAP. 




















VPC. 




















ATL, 


CMG, 


DUP, 


GAP 














CMG, 


DUP. 


















ATL. 




















TRC. 




















VPC. 




















ALT, 


ATL, 


BL, 


GAP, 


TCD, 


TRC, 


VPC. 








AAP, 


ACS, 


ATL. 
















ACS, 


GAP. 


















ACS, 


ATL, 


DUP. 


GAP 


TCD 


TRC 










ACS. 




















DUP. 




















DUP, 


GAP. 


















ACS, 


DUP. 


















ACS. 




















ACS, 


DUP. 


















ACY. 




















ATL, 


TRC. 


















DUP. 




















AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY, 


ATL 


BL, 


DUP. 


FAB, 


GAF, 


TCD, 


TRC 


VPC, YAW. 
















AAP, 


ACS, 


ATL, 


BL, 


DUP, 


PAB, 


GAF, 


TCD, 


TRC, 


VPC 


YAW. 


















AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY, 


ATL 


BL, 


DUP, 


GAP, 


TCD, 


TRC. 


YAW 


ACS. 


ATL, 


DUP. 


GAP 


YAW 












ACS. 


ATL, 


DUP, 


TCD 


TRC 












ACS. 


ATL, 


DUP, 


YAW 














ACS, 


ATL, 


CMG, 


DUP 














ACS, 


TCD, 


YAW. 
















ACS. 


ATL, 


DUP. 


GAP 


TRC 


YAW 










ATL. 




















ACS. 


ATL, 


DUP, 


TRC 














ACS. 


DUP, 


GAP, 


TRC 














DUP. 




















TRC. 




















ACS, 


ALT, 


ATL. 


BL, 


DUP. 


FAB, 


GAF, 


TCD. 


TRC. 


VPC 


ACS. 


ATL, 


CMG, 


DUP 


TRC 












ACS. 


ALT, 


ATL, 


BL, 


DUP, 


PAB, 


GAF, 


TCD. 


TRC. 




ATL. 





















DYES 79 

TABLE A.--Bemenoid dyes: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, i568~Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 

(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



DIRECT DYES--Continued 



'Direct blue dyes--Continued 
*Direct Blue 86 



Direct Blue 87 

Direct Blue 91 -- 

♦Direct Blue 98 

*Direct Blue 100 

Direct Blue 104 

♦Direct Blue 120 and 120A 

♦Direct Blue 126 

Direct Blue 133 

Direct Blue 136 

Direct Blue 143 

Direct Blue 151 

Direct Blue 160 

Direct Blue 189 

♦Direct Blue 191 

Direct Blue 199 

♦Direct Blue 218 

Direct Blue 224-- 

Direct Blue 238 

Other direct blue dyes 

•Direct green dyes: 

♦Direct Green 1 AAP 

♦Direct Green 6 AAP 

♦Direct Green 8 ACS 

Direct Green 12 ACS 

Direct Green 15 DUP 

Direct Green 26 DUP 

Direct Green 27 DUP 

Direct Green 28 ' TRC 

Direct Green 38 i DUP 



ACS, ACY, ALT, ATL, DUP, FAB, GAP, ICC, ICI, 
DH, TCD, TMS, TRC, VPC. 



Direct Green 39 

Direct Green 41 

Direct Green 45 

Direct Green 47 

Direct Green 51 

Direct Green 69 

Other direct green dyes- 
'Direct brown dyes: 

♦Direct Brown 1 

♦Direct Brown lA 

♦Direct Brown 2 

♦Direct Brown 6 

Direct Brown 25 

Direct Brown 27 

♦Direct Brown 31 

Direct Brown 32 

Direct Brown 33 

Direct Brown 40 

Direct Brown 44 

Direct Brown 48 

Direct Brown 59 

♦Direct Brown 74 



ATL, GAP, TRC, VPC. 
ATL, TCD. 



GAP, TCD, TRC. 
DUP, GAP, TRC, VPC. 



ATL, TRC. 



TRC. 
ALT, GAP. 



DUP, FAB, GAP, TCD, TRC. 
ATL. 



BL, GAP, TCD, YAW. 



ACS, ACY, ALT, DUP, FAB, GAP, TCD, TRC, YAW. 

ACS, ATL, DUP, FAB, GAP, TCD, TRC, YAW. 

ATL, TRC. 
TRC. 



TRC. 
TRC. 



ATL, BL, DUP. 

ATL, DUP, TCD. 

TRC, YAW. 

ACS, ACY, ATL, BL, DUP, GAF, TCD, TRC, YAW. 

DUP, GAF, TRC. 

GAF. 

ACS, ATL, DUP, GAF, TRC, YAW. 



ACS, DUP. 



80 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 4.--Benzenoid dyes: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1988 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



DIRECT DYES--Continued 

*Direct brown dyes--Continued 

*Direct Brown 95 

Direct Brown 105 

Direct Brown 106 

*Direct Brown HI 

Direct Brown 112 

Direct Brown 125 

*Direct Brown 154 

Other direct brown dyes 

*Direct black dyes: 

Direct Black 3 

*Direct Black 4 

Direct Black 8 

♦Direct Black 9 

Direct Black 17 

*Direct Black 19 

*Direct Black 22 

Direct Black 36 

Direct Black 37 

*Direct Black 38 

Direct Black 44 

*Direct Black 51 

Direct Black 56 

Direct Black 67 

Direct Black 71-- 

Direct Black 75-- 

Direct Black 78 

*Direct Black 80 

Direct Black 109 

Direct Black 130 

Direct Black 190 

Other direct black dyes 

DISPERSE DYES 

'Disperse yellow dyes: 

Disperse Yellow 1 

Disperse Yellow 2 

♦Disperse Yellow 3 

♦Disperse Yellow 5 

♦Disperse Yellow 8 

♦Disperse Yellow 23 

Disperse Yellow 31 

Disperse Yellow 32 

♦Disperse Yellow 33 

♦Disperse Yellow 34 

♦Disperse Yellow 42 

Disperse Yellow 50 

♦Disperse Yellow 54 

Disperse Yellow 67 

Disperse Yellow 69 

Disperse Yellow 77 

Disperse Yellow 85 

Disperse Yellow 86 

Disperse Yellow 87 

Disperse Yellow 88 



AAP, 


ACS, 


ALT, 


ATL, 


DUP 


FAB, GAF 


TCD 


TRC, YAW. 


DUP. 
















ACS, 


GAF. 














DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC, 


VPC. 










ATL. 
















GAF. 
















ACS, 


DUP, 


FAB, 


GAF, 


TRC 


YAW. 






ACS, 


ALT, 


ATL, 


DUP, 


VPC 


YAW. 






DUP. 
















ACS, 


ATL, 


GAF, 


TCD, 


TRC 


YAW. 






TRC, 


YAW. 














ACS, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TCD. 










GAF, 


TRC. 














ATL, 


GAF, 


TCD, 


TRC. 










AAP, 


ACS, 


ALT, 


ATL, 


CMC 


DUP, FAB 


GAF 


TCD, TRC, VPC 


YAW. 














AAP, 


ATL. 














AAP, 


ACS. 














AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY, 


ATL, 


BL, 


DUP, FAB, 


GAF, 


TCD, TRC, YAW. 


TRC. 
















AAP, 


ACS, 


ATL, 


DUP, 


GAF 


TRC. 






ACS, 


TRC. 














DUP. 
















ATL, 


VPC. 














GAF. 
















ACS, 


TCD. 














AAP, 


ACS, 


ATL, 


BL, 


FAB, 


TCD, TRC, 


VPC, 


YAW. 


GAF. 
















ACY. 
















TCD. 
















ACY, 


ALT, 


ATL, 


BL, 


YAIV. 









DUP, GAF. 

DUP. 

AAP, ACS, ALT, BL, DUP, EKT, GAF, HSH, ICC, TCD, 

TRC. 
GAF, ICC, TCD. 
DUP, EKT, TRC. 

AAP, ALT, DUP, EKT, GAF, ICC, TCD. 
GAF. 
DUP. 

AAP, EKT, GAF, ICC, TRC. 
AAP, EKT, GAF, ICC. 

AAP, DUP, EKT, ICC, GAF, MAY, SDC, TCD, TRC. 
TRC. 

AAP, DUP, GAF, ICC, TRC. 
DUP. 
ACY. 
VPC. 
EKT. 

AAP, EKT. 
EKT. 
EKT. 



DYES 81 

TABLE 4.--Bemenoid dyes: Manufaoturers ' identification codes, by products, 2355— Continued 



Dye 



DISPERSE DYES--Continued 

*Disperse yellow dyes--Continued 

Disperse Yellow 89 

Other disperse yellow dyes 

*Disperse orange dyes: 

'Disperse Orange 3 

'Disperse Orange 5 

Disperse Orange 16 

'Disperse Orange 17 

Disperse Orange 21 

•Disperse Orange 25 

Disperse Orange 26 

Disperse Orange 28 

Disperse Orange 29 

Disperse Orange 30 

Disperse Orange 40 

Disperse Orange 41 

Disperse Orange 44 

Disperse Orange 57 

Disperse Orange 58 

Disperse Orange 59 

Disperse Orange 62 

Disperse Orange 75 

Other disperse orange dyes 

'Disperse red dyes: 

'Disperse Red 1 

Disperse Red 4 

'Disperse Red 5 

Disperse Red 7 

'Disperse Red 11 

'Disperse Red 13 

Disperse Red 14 

'Disperse Red IS 

'Disperse Red 17 

Disperse Red 20 

Disperse Red 21 

Disperse Red 30 

Disperse Red 31 

Disperse Red 35 

Disperse Red 54 

Disperse Red 55 

Disperse Red 56 

Disperse Red 59 

'Disperse Red 60 

Disperse Red 61 

'Disperse Red 65 

Disperse Red 66 

Disperse Red 73 

Disperse Red 78 

Disperse Red 86 

Disperse Red 88 

Disperse Red 96 

Disperse Red 135 

Disperse Red 136 

Disperse Red 137 

Disperse Red 139 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



EKT. 
AAP, 

AAP, 
AAP, 
AAP. 
AAP, 
TCD, 
DUP, 
DUP. 
AAP. 
AAP. 
ICC, 
DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
EKT. 
EKT. 
EKT. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
AAP, 

AAP, 
GAP, 
AAP, 
AAP. 
AAP, 
AAP, 
MAY. 
AAP, 
AAP, 
ACS. 
EKT. 
EKT, 
ICC. 
EKT. 
ICC. 
AAP, 
DUP. 
ACY, 
AAP. 
DUP. 
DUP, 
AAP. 
TRC. 
ICC, 
EKT. 
EKT. 
ACY. 
EKT. 
EKT. 
EKT. 
DUP. 



EKT, GAP, ICC, MAY, SDC, TCD, TRC, VPC. 



DUP, 
EKT, 

ACS, 
TRC. 
EKT, 



EKT, GAP, USH, ICC, TCD, TRC. 
GAP. 

EKT, GAP, HSH, ICC, MAY, TCD. 
TRC. 



GAP, ICC, MAY, SDC, TRC. 

ACS, DUP, EKT, GAP, HSH, ICC, TCD, TRC. 

TCD, TRC. 

EKT, GAP, HSH, ICC, TCD. 

DUP, GAP, ICC. 

DUP, GAP, ICC, TCD. 

GAP, HSH, ICC. 

DUP, EKT, GAP, HSH, ICC, TCD, TRC. 



DUP, TCD, TRC. 



DUP, 
DUP, 



GAP. 
EKT, VPC. 



EKT, ICC, TRC. 



82 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE A . - -Benzenoid dyes: Manufaoturers ' identification codes, by products, 1968 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



DISPERSE DYES--Continued 

'Disperse red dyes--Continued 

Disperse Red 140 

Other disperse red dyes 

'Disperse violet dyes: 

*Disperse Violet 1 

*Disperse Violet 4 

Disperse Violet 8 

Disperse Violet 14 

Disperse Violet 18 

Disperse Violet 26 

*Disperse Violet 27 

Disperse Violet 43 

Disperse Violet 44 

Other disperse violet dyes 

'Disperse blue dyes: 

*Disperse Blue 1 

*Disperse Blue 3 

*Disperse Blue 7 

Disperse Blue 9 

Disperse Blue 27 

Disperse Blue 34 

Disperse Blue 35 

Disperse Blue 55 

Disperse Blue 59 

Disperse Blue 60 

Disperse Blue 61 

Disperse Blue 62 

Disperse Blue 63 

*Disperse Blue 64 

Disperse Blue 70 

Disperse Blue 71 

Disperse Blue 73 

*Disperse Blue 79 

Disperse Blue 81 

Disperse Blue 94 

Disperse Blue 109 

Disperse Blue 112 

Disperse Blue 116 

Disperse Blue 117 

Disperse Blue 118 

Disperse Blue 119 

Disperse Blue 120 

Disperse Blue 121 

Disperse Blue 122 

Disperse Blue 123 

Disperse Blue 132 

Disperse Blue 133 

Disperse Blue 150 

Other disperse blue dyes 

Disperse green dyes 

Disperse brown dyes: 

Disperse Brown 1 

Disperse Brown 2 

Disperse Brown 7 

Other disperse brown dyes 



DUP. 

EKT, GAP, ICC, MAY, SDC, TCD, TRC. 

AAP, EKT, GAP, HSH, ICC, TRC. 

AAP, GAP, ICC. 

GAP. 

DUP. 

DUP, TRC. 

DUP. 

AAP, ACY, BL, DUP, EKT, GAP, ICC. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

EKT, GAP, TCD. 



AAP, 
AAP, 
BDO, 
DUP, 
DUP, 
EKT. 
ICI. 
TRC. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP, 
DUP. 
DUP, 
AAP. 
VPC. 
i TRC. 
AAP, 
VPC. 
BAS. 
DUP. 
EKT. 
ACY. 
EKT. 
EKT. 
EKT. 
EKT. 
EKT. 
EKT. 
EKT. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
EKT, 
GAP, 



GAP, TRC. 

ACS, DUP, EKT, GAP, HSH, ICC, TCD, TRC. 

EKT, GAP, ICC, TCD, TRC. 

GAP, ICC. 

EKT. 



EKT, SDC. 
EKT, GAP, TRC. 



EKT, TRC. 



GAP, HSH, ICC, MAY, SDC, TCD, TRC. 
ICC, TRC. 



TRC. 

DUP, EKT, GAP. 

EKT. 

EKT, GAP, ICC, SDC, TCD. 



DYES 83 

TABLE 4.--Ben3enoid dyes: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, iSffS— Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 

(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



DISPERSE DYES--Continued 

*Disperse black dyes: 

*Disperse Black 1 

Disperse Black 2 

Disperse Black 6 

Disperse Black 7 

Disperse Black 9 

Other disperse black dyes 

FIBER- REACTIVE DYES 

*Reactive yellow dyes: 

Reactive Yellow 1 

Reactive Yellow 2 

Reactive Yellow 3 

Reactive Yellow 4 

Reactive Yellow 6 

Reactive Yellow 7 

Reactive Yellow 13 

Reactive Yellow 14 

Reactive Yellow 15 

Reactive Yellow 17 

Reactive Yellow 18 

Reactive Yellow 22 

Reactive Yellow 24 

Reactive Yellow 37 

Other reactive yellow dyes 

*Reactive orange dyes: 

Reactive Orange 1 

Reactive Orange 2 

Reactive Orange 4 

Reactive Orange 5 

Reactive Orange 12 

Reactive Orange 13 

Reactive Orange 14 

Reactive Orange 16 

Other reactive orange dyes 

Reactive red dyes: 

Reactive Red 1 

Reactive Red 2 

Reactive Red 3 

Reactive Red 4 

Reactive Red 5 

Reactive Red 8 

Reactive Red 11 

Reactive Red 13 

Reactive Red 16 

Reactive Red 21 

Reactive Red 29 

Reactive Red 31 

Reactive Red 33 

Other reactive red dyes 



AAP, DUP, GAP, TRC. 

DUP. TRC. 

AAP, DUP. 

YAW. 

AAP, BL, DUP, EKT, GAP. 

DUP, EKT, GAP, ICC, TCD, VPC, YAW. 



ICI. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

ICI. 

TRC. 

ICI. 

HST. 

HST. 

DUP, HST. 

HST. 

ICI. 

ICI. 

HST. 

HST. 

ACY, HST, VPC. 

ICI. 
TRC. 
ICI. 
TRC. 
ICI. 
ICI. 
ICI. 
HST. 
ACY, HST. 

ICI. 

ICI. 

ICI. 

TRC. 

ICI. 

ICI. 

ICI. 

ICI. 

TRC. 

HST. 

ICI. 

HST, ICI. 

ICI. 

ACY. 



84 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE A.--Benzenoid dyes: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



FIBER-REACTIVE DYES--Continued 

Reactive violet dyes: 

Reactive Violet 1 

Reactive Violet 2 

Reactive Violet 4 

Reactive Violet 5 

Other reactive violet dyes 

'Reactive blue dyes: 

Reactive Blue 1 

Reactive Blue 

Reactive Blue 

Reactive Blue 

Reactive Blue 

Reactive Blue 

Reactive Blue 

Reactive Blue 18 

Reactive Blue 19 

Reactive Blue 21 

Reactive Blue 25 

Reactive Blue 27 

Reactive Blue 30 

Other reactive blue dyes- 
Reactive green dyes 

Reactive brown dyes : 

Reactive Brown 1 

Reactive Brown 10 

*Reactive black dyes: 

Reactive Black 1 

Reactive Black 5 

Reactive Black 9 



ICI. 
TRC. 
HST. 
HST. 
HST. 

ICI. 

TRC. 

ICl. 

ICI. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

ICI. 

TRC. 

DUP, HST. 

HST. 

ICI. 

HST. 

VPC. 

ACY, DUP, GAF, HST, VPC. 

HST. 

TRC. 
ICI. 

TRC. 
HST. 
ICI. 



FLOURESCENT BRIGHTENING AGENTS 



Fluorescent 
Fluorescent 
Fluorescent 

'Fluorescent 
Fluorescent 
Fluorescent 
Fluorescent 

'Fluorescent 
Fluorescent 
Fluorescent 
Fluorescent 
Fluorescent 
Fluorescent 
Fluorescent 
Fluorescent 
Fluorescent 
Fluorescent 
Fluorescent 
Fluorescent 
Fluorescent 
Fluorescent 



Brightening Agent 1 GGY. 

Brightening Agent 6 ACY. 

Brightening Agent 8 ACY. 

Brightening Agent 9 ACY, GAF, SDH. 



Brightening Agent 22- 
Brightening Agent 24- 
Brightening Agent 25- 
Brightening Agent 28- 
Brightening Agent 30- 
Brightening Agent 33- 
Brightening Agent 34- 
Brightening Agent 37- 
Brightening Agent 45- 
Brightening Agent 46- 
Brightening Agent 49- 
Brightening Agent 52- 
Brightening Agent 54- 
Brightening Agent 59- 
Brightening Agent 61- 
Brightening Agent 68- 
Brightening Agent 71- 



GGY. 

GGY. 

GAF. 

ACY, CCW, DUP, SDH. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

Dup. 

CIB. 

TRC. 

GGY. 

S. 

S. 

GGY. 

GGY. 

ACY. 

CCW, GAF. 

ACY, GAF. 



DYES 85 

TABLE A .--Bemenoid dyes: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 

(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



FLUORESCENT BRIGHTENING AGENTS--Continued 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 75 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 102 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 108 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 109 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 113 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 114 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 125 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 126 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 128 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 130 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 134 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 135 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 136 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 139 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 158 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 159 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 161 

Other fluorescent brightening agents 

FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC COLORS 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Dyes 

*FD5C Blue No. 1 

*FD§C Blue No. 2 

FD5C Green No. 3 

*FD5C Red No. 2 i ACS, ALT, KON, SDH, STG, 

*FD5C Red No. 3 I ACS, KON, SDH, STG. 

*FD§C Red No. 4 [ALT, KON, SDH, STG, WJ . 

FD5C Violet No. 1 | ACS, SDH. 

*FD5C Yellow No. 5 ACS, ALT, KON, SDH, STG, 

*FD5C Yellow No. 6 

Other food, drug, and cosmetic dyes 



GAF. 

DUP, VPC. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

VPC. 

VPC. 

ACY. 

SDH. 

SDH. 

SDH. 

CIB. 

CIB. 

CIB. 

CIB. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY, CCW, CIB, DUP, GAF, GGY, S, VPC. 



ACS, KON, SDH, WJ. 
ACS, KON, SDH. 
WJ. 



Drug and Cosmetic Dyes 



D5C Blue No. 6 

D5C Blue No. 9 

D§C Brown No. 1--- 

D&C Green No. 5--- 

D§C Green No. 6--- 

D5C Green No. 8--- 

D5C Orange No. 4-- 

D5C Orange No. 5-- 

D§C Orange No. 10- 

D5C Orange No. 17- 

D5C Red No. 2 

D§C Red No. 3 

D5C Red No. 6 

"DSC Red No. 7 

D5C Red No. 8 

D§C Red No. 9 

D§C Red No. 

D§C Red No. 

D§C Red No. 
D6C Red No. 



10- 
11- 
12- 
13- 



ACS, ALT, KON, SDH, STG, 
STG, WJ 



ACS, 


KON. 




ACS. 






ACS. 






ACS, 


KON. 




ACS, 


KON. 




KON, 


SDH. 




KON, 


SNA, 


TMS 


SNA, 


TMS. 




TMS. 






SNA. 






KON. 






KON, 


TMS. 




KON, 


SNA, 


TMS 


KON, 


SNA, 


TMS 


KON, 


SNA. 




KON, 


SNA, 


TMS 


KON, 


SNA. 




KON. 


SNA. 




SNA, 


TMS. 




SNA, 


TMS. 





86 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE ^.'-Bemenoid dyes: Manufacturers' identifioation codes, by products, 75eS— Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC COLORS--Continued 

Drug and Cosmetic i9!/es--Continued 

D§C Red No. 17 

*D5C Red No. 19 

*D§S Red No. 21 

D5C Red No. 22 

D§C Red No. 27 

DSC Red No. 28 

D§C Red No. 30 

DSC Red No. 31 

DSC Red No. 33 

DSC Red No. 34 

*DSC Red No. 36 

DSC Red No. 37 

DSC Violet No. 2 

*D5C Yellow No. 5 

DSC Yellow No. 6 

DSC Yellow No. 7 

DSC Yellow No. 8 

DSC Yellow No. 10 

DSC Yellow No. 11 

Drug and Cosmetic Dyes, External 

Ext. DSC Green No. 1 

Ext. DSC Orange No. 3 - 

Ext. DSC Yellow No. 1 

Ext. DSC Yellow No. 7 

INGRAIN DYES 

Ingrain blue dyes : 

Ingrain Blue 1 

Ingrain Blue 2 

Ingrain Blue 3 

Ingrain Blue 6 

MORDANT DYES 

*Mordant yellow dyes: 

Mordant Yellow 1 

Mordant Yellow 3 

Mordant Yellow 5 

Mordant Yellow 8 

Mordant Yellow 10 

Mordant Yellow 14 

Mordant Yellow 16 

Mordant Yellow 20 

Mordant Yellow 26 

Mordant Yellow 29 

Mordant Yellow 30 

Mordant Yellow 36 



KON. 

ACS, KON, SNA, TMS. 

KON, SNA, TMS. 

KON. 

TMS. 

ACS. 

KON, TMS. 

KON. 

ACS. 

KON. 

ALT, KON, SNA, TMS. 

ACS. 

ACS. 

KON, SNA, TMS. 

KON. 

KON. 

KON, TMS. 

KON. 

ACS, KON. 



ACS, KON. 
ACS. 

ACS, KON. 
KON. 



ICI. 
VPC. 
ICI. 
VPC. 



ATL, GAP, PDC. 

ACS, ATL. 

TRC. 

ACS, DUP, PDC. 

DUP. 

ACS. 

ACS, ACY. 

ACS. 

VPC. 

GAP. 

TRC, VPC. 

PDC. 



DYES 87 

TABLE 4.--Benzenoid dyes: Manufacturers' identifiaation codes, by products, 1968 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



MORDANT UYES--Continued 

*Mordant orange dyes: 

'Mordant Orange 1 

Mordant Orange 4 

Mordant Orange 6 

Mordant Orange 8 

Mordant Orange 30 

*Mordant red dyes: 

Mordant Red 3 

Mordant Red 5 

Mordant Red 6 

*Mordant Red 7 . 

Mordant Red 9 

Mordant Red II 

Mordant Red 64 

Mordant violet dyes: 

Mordant Violet 5 

Mordant Violet 11 

Mordant Violet 20 

*Mordant blue dyes: 

Mordant Blue 1 

Mordant Blue 3 

Mordant Blue 7 

Mordant Blue 9 

Mordant Blue 13 

Mordant Blue 19 

Mordant green dyes : 

Mordant Green 11 

Mordant Green 36 

*Mordant brown dyes : 

*Mordant Brown 1 

Mordant Brown 12 

Mordant Brown 13 

Mordant Brown 15 

Mordant Brown 18 

Mordant Brown 19 

Mordant Brown 21 

*Mordant Brown 33 

*MordaJit Brown 40 

Mordant Brown 50 

Mordant Brown 63 

Mordant Brown 70 

*Mordant black dyes: 

Mordant Black 1 

*Mordant Black 3 

Mordant Black 5 

Mordant Black 7 

Mordant Black 8 

Mordant Black 9 

*Mordant Black 11 

*Mordant Black 13 

'Mordant Black 17 

Mordant Black 19 

Mordant Black 26 

Mordant Black 38 



ACY, 


GAF, 


PDC, 


TRC. 






GAF, 


PDC. 










ATL, 


GAF, 


TRC. 








TRC. 












ACS. 












ACS, 


ACY. 










PDC. 












GAF. 












ACS. 


ACY. 


BDO, 


CMC, 


GAF. PDC, TRC. VPC 


ACS, 


GAF, 


MRX. 








ACY. 












PDC. 












PDC. 












GAF. 












GAF. 












ACS, 


DUP, 


GAF. 








GAF. 












TRC. 












ACS, 


GAF, 


PDC. 








ACS, 


HSH. 










01G. 












ACY. 












PDC. 












ACS, 


OIG, 


DUP, 


GAF. 


TRC, YAW. 




PDC. 












ACS. 












GAF. 












ACS, 


DUP. 










GAF. 












GAF, 


VPC. 










ACS, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


PDC, 


TRC. 




ACS, 


CMC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


VPC. 




TRC. 












TRC. 












DUP, 


PDC. 










ACS. 












ACS. 


GAF, 


TRC. 








ACS. 












GAF. 












VPC. 












ACS, 


VPC. 










ACS, 


GAF, 


TRC, 


VPC. 






ACS, 


GAF, 


HSH. 








ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 




PDC. 












TRC. 












ACS, 


CMC. 











SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE A.--Benzenoid dyes: Manufaaturers ' identifioation codes, by produots, 1968 — Continued 



Dye 



OXIDATION BASES 

Oxidation Base 8 and 8A 

Oxidation Base 10 and lOA 

Oxidation Base 21 

Oxidation Base 22 

Oxidation Base 25 

Other oxidation bases 

SOLVENT DYES 

*Solvent yellow dyes: 

Solvent Yellow 1 

*Solvent Yellow 2 

*Solvent Yellow 3 -- 

Solvent Yellow 13 

*Solvent Yellow 14 

Solvent Yellow 16 

Solvent Yellow 19 

Solvent Yellow 29 

Solvent Yellow 30 

Solvent Yellow 33 

Solvent Yellow 34 

Solvent Yellow 40 

Solvent Yellow 42 

Solvent Yellow 44 

Solvent Yellow 45 

Solvent Yellow 47 

Solvent Yellow 56 

Solvent Yellow 71 

Solvent Yellow 72 

Solvent Yellow 87 

Other solvent yellow dyes — 
*Solvent orange dyes: 

Solvent Orange 1 

Solvent Orange 2 

*Solvent Orange 3 

Solvent Orange 5 

*Solvent Orange 7 

Solvent Orange 20 

Solvent Orange 23 

Solvent Orange 24 

Solvent Orange 25 

Solvent Orange 31 

Solvent Orange 47 

Solvent Orange 48 

Solvent Orange 51 

Other solvent orange dyes 

'Solvent red dyes: 

Solvent Red 1 

Solvent Red 8 

Solvent Red 22 

*Solvent Red 24 

*Solvent Red 26 

Solvent Red 27 

Solvent Red 33 

Solvent Red 35 

Solvent Red 36 



Manufacturers' identification codes 

(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



ACY. 
SDH. 
PDC. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY, CMC. 



AAP 


ACY. 












AAP 


DUP, 


FH, 


GAF, 


PAT, 


PSC. 




ACS 


DUP, 


FH, 


PSC. 








ACY 


GAF. 












AAP 


ACS, 


ACY 


DUP 


FH, 


GAF, PAT, PSC 


PAT 














GAP 














GAF 














ACS 


PSC. 












ACS 


ACY. 












DUP 














ACS 














ACS 














ACS 


GAF. 












ACS 


DUP. 












ACY 


DUP, 


GAF 










ACS 


ACY, 


FH. 










ACY 














ACY 














ACY 














AAP 


DSC, 


PAT 


X. 








PAT 














AAP 


PSC. 












ACS 


ACY, 


DSC 


GAF 


PSC 






GAF 














ACS 


ACY, 


GAF 










ACY 


DUP, 


GAF 










ACS 














DUP 














ACY 


DUP. 












ACS 














FH. 














ACY 














AAP 


ACY, 


DSC 


DUP 


PAT 






PSC 














GAF 














GAF 














ACY 


DUP, 


FH, 


GAF, 


PAT, 


SDH. 




AAP 


ACS, 


ACY, 


PSC 








ACS 














DUP 


GAF. 












GAF 














ACS 















DYES 89 

TABLE A . - -Benzenoid dyes: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968 — Continued 



Dye 



SOLVENT DYES--Continued 



-Continued 



*Solvent red dyes 

Solvent Red 40 GAF 

Solvent Red 41 DSC 

*Solvent Red 49 ACY 

Solvent Red 52 GAF 

Solvent Red 65- ACS 

Solvent Red 68 ACS 

Solvent Red 69 -- DSC 

Solvent Red 74 ACS 

Solvent Red 75 ACS 

Solvent Red 76 ACS 

Solvent Red 80 ACS 

Solvent Red 105 ACY 

Solvent Red 108 ACY 

Solvent Red 111 ACY 

Solvent Red 115 ACY 

Solvent Red 126 ACY 

Other solvent red dyes AAP 

*Solvent violet dyes: 

*Solvent Violet 8 ACS 

Solvent Violet 9 DSC 

Solvent Violet 13- AAP 

Solvent Violet 14 ICl 

Solvent Violet 17 ACS 

Other solvent violet dyes AAP 

*Solvent blue dyes: 

Solvent Blue 3 ACY 

Solvent Blue 4 DSC 

Solvent Blue 5 DSC 

Solvent Blue 7 | ACY 

Solvent Blue 9 ! GAF 

*Solvent Blue 11 j BDO 

Solvent Blue 12 ACS 

Solvent Blue 16 ACS 

Solvent Blue 32 AAP 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



Solvent Blue 36 

Solvent Blue 37 

♦Solvent Blue 38 

Solvent Blue 43 

Solvent Blue 58 

Solvent Blue 59 

Solvent Blue 60 

Solvent Blue 74 

Other solvent blue dyes-- 
Solvent green dyes: 

Solvent Green 1 

Solvent Green 2 

Solvent Green 3 

Solvent Green 10 

Other solvent green dyes- 
*Solvent brown dyes : 

Solvent Brown 11 

♦Solvent Brown 12 

Solvent Brown 17 

Solvent Brown 19 



DSC, DUP, GAF. 
ICl. 



ACY, ATL, DSC, DUP, GAF, ICI, PAT. 

ACY, DSC, DUP. 

HSH. 

DSC, PAT. 

SW. 

DUP, SDH. 



GAF, ICI. 
DUP. 



DUP. 

ACY, DUP GAF. 



ACY, DSC, GAF, ICl, PAT, SDH. 

DSC, SDH. 

ACS, ACY, ATL, GAF, HSH, ICI. 

DUP. 

DSC, GAF. 

DSC, GAF. 



90 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE A . ' -Benzenoid dyes: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, IS6S— Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



SOLVENT DYES--Continued 

'Solvent brown dyes — Continued 

Solvent Brown 20 

Solvent Brown 22 

Solvent Brown 38 

Other solvent brown dyes 

Solvent black dyes: 

Solvent Black 3 

Solvent Black 5 

Solvent Black 7 

Solvent Black 12 

Solvent Black 13 

Solvent Black 17 

Solvent Black 26 

Other solvent black dyes 

SULFUR DYES 

Sulfur yellow dyes: 

Leuco Sulfur Yellow 1 

Leuco Sulfur Yellow 2 

Solubilized Sulfur Yellow 2 

Sulfur Yellow 4 

Leuco Sulfur Yellow 4 

Leuco Sulfur Yellow 9 

Leuco Sulfur Yellow 15 

Other sulfur yellow dyes 

Sulfur red dyes: 

Sulfur Red 1 

Leuco Sulfur Red S 

Sulfur Red 6 

Sulfur blue dyes: 

Sulfur Blue 5 

Sulfur Blue 7 

Leuco Sulfur Blue 7 

Solubilized Sulfur Blue 7 

Sulfur Blue 8--- 

Leuco Sulfur Blue 8 

Sulfur Blue 9 

Sulfur Blue 11 

Leuco Sulfur Blue 11 

Leuco Sulfur Blue 13 

Sulfur Blue 15 

Sulfur Blue 16 — 

Other sulfur blue dyes 

Sulfur green dyes: 

Sulfur Green 2 

Leuco Sulfur Green 2 

Sulfur Green 3 

Leuco Sulfur Green 3 

Sulfur Green 14 

Leuco Sulfur Green 16 

Solubilized Sulfur Green 16 

Sulfur Green 28 

Other sulfur green dyes 



ACY, 


DUP. 






DUP, 


FH. 






ACY. 








DSC. 








ACS. 








ACS, 


ACY, 


DSC, 


DUP 


ACS, 


ACY, 


DSC, 


FH. 


ACS. 








ACS. 








DUP. 








ACY. 








DSC. 









SDC. 






ACY, 


SDC, 


STC 


STC. 






SDC. 






SDC. 






STC. 






ACY. 






ACY, 


SDC. 




ACS, 


ACY. 




SDC. 






ACS, 


ACY, 


SDC 


ACY. 






ACS, 


ACY, 


SDC 


ACS, 


ACY, 


SDC 


SDC. 






SDC. 






SDC. 






ACS, 


ACY. 




SDC. 






SDC. 






ACY. 






DUP. 






ACY. 






ACY, 


SDC. 




SDC. 






SDC. 






ACS. 






SDC. 






DUP. 






SDC. 






SDC. 






ACY. 






ACY, 


SDC. 





DYES 91 

TABLE 4.--Benzenoid dyes: Manufacturers' identifiaation codes, by products, JSefl— Continued 



Dye 



SULFUR DYES — Continued 



Sulfur brown dyes: 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 1 

Solubilized Sulfur Brown 1-- 

Sulfur Brown 3 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 3 

Sulfur Brown 10 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 10 

Solubilized Sulfur Brown 10- 

Sulfur Brown 12 

Sulfur Brown 14 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 14 

Sulfur Brown 20 

Sulfur Brown 21 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 21 

Solubilized Sulfur Brown 21- 

Sulfur Brown 26 

Sulfur Brown 30 

Sulfur Brown 37 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 37 

Sulfur Brown 44 

Sulfur Brown 45 

Sulfur Brown 50 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 81 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 82 

Other sulfur brown dyes 

*Sulfur black dyes: 

*Sulfur Black 1 

Leuco Sulfur Black 1 

Solubilized Sulfur Black 1-- 

*Sulfur Black 2 

Leuco Sulfur Black 2 

Solubilized Sulfur Black 2-- 

Leuco Sulfur Black 6 

Sulfur Black 10 

Leuco Sulfur Black 10 

Sulfur Black 11 

Leuco Sulfur Black 11 

Other sulfur black dyes 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



STC. 

STC. 

SDC. 

SDC. 

ACS, DUP, SDC. 

SDC. 

SDC. 

SCD. 

SDC. 

ACY, SDC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

STC. 

STC. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

SDC. 

SDC. 

ACS. 

ACS. 

ACS. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY, SDC. 

ACS, ACY, DUP, SDC. 

ACS. ACY, SDC, STC. 

SDC, STC. 

ACS, ACY, DUP, SDC. 
i ACS, ACY, SDC. 
I SDC. 

ACS. 

ACY, DUP. 
I ACS, ACY. 

SDC. 

SDC. 

SDC. 



VAT DYES 

*Vat yellow dyes: 

Vat Yellow 1, 12-1/2% 

*Vat Yellow 2, 8-1/2% 

Solubilized Vat Yellow 2, 25% 

Vat Yellow 3, 12-1/2% -- 

*Vat Yellow 4, 12-1/2% 

Solubilized Vat Yellow 4, 37-1/2% 

Vat Yellow 10, 10% 

Vat Yellow 14, 12-1/2% 

Vat Yellow IS, 11-1/2% 

Vat Yellow 21, 9-1/2% 

Vat Yellow 22, 10% 

Vat Yellow 27 

Vat Yellow 33, 15% 

Other vat yellow dyes 



ACS. 














AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY, 


GAP, 


ICI, 


TRC, 


VPC 


GAP, 


ICI. 












DUP. 














ACY, 


ATL, 


GAP, 


HST, 


ICI, 


VPC. 




GAP, 


HST, 


ICI. 










GAP. 














TRC. 














ACY. 














ATL. 














DUP. 














VPC. 














TRC, 


VPC. 












ACS, 


GAP, 


MAY, 


VPC. 









92 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 4 .--Benzenoid dyes: Manufaaturers ' identifiaation aodes, by products, 1968 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



26 °i 



VAT DYES--Continued 



*Vat orange dyes : 

*Vat Orange 1, 20% 

*Solubilized Vat Orange 1, 

*Vat Orange 2, 12% 

*Vat Orange 3, 13-1/2% 

Vat Orange 4, 6% 

*Vat Orange 5, 10% 

*Solubilized Vat Orange 5, 30 

Vat Orange 7, 11% 

*Vat Orange 9, 12% 

Vat Orange 11, 6% 

*Vat Orange 15, 10% 

Vat Orange 23, 17-1/2% 

Vat Orange 24 

Other vat orange dyes 

*Vat red dyes: 

*Vat Red 1, 13% 

Solubilized Vat Red 1, 37%— 

Vat Red 10, 18% 

Solubilized Vat Red 10, 31%- 

Vat Red 12, 8-1/2% 

*Vat Red 13, 11% 

Vat Red 14, 10% 

Vat Red 15, 10% 

Vat Red 16, 11% 



ACS 


ACY, 


CMG, 


GAF, 


HST, 


ICI, 


TRC, 


VPC 


GAF 


HST, 


ICI. 












AAP 


ACS, 


ACY, 


CMG, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


ICI, 


TRC 


CMC 


DUP, 


GAF, 


HST. 










ACY 


CMG, 


DUP. 












AAP 


ACY, 


HST. 












GAF 


HST, 


ICI. 












GAF 


HST, 


TRC. 












AAP 


ACS, 


ACY, 


CMG, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


ICI, 


TRC 


ACS 


DUP. 














AAP 


ACS, 


GAF, 


ICI, 


TRC, 


VPC. 






ACY 


DUP. 














DUP 
















GAF 


SDC. 














AAP 


ACY, 


HST, 


ICI. 










GAF 


HST, 


ICI. 












ACS 


GAF. 














GAF 
















DUP 
















DUP 


GAF, 


TRC. 












GAF 


HST. 














GAF 


HST, 


TRC. 












DUP 

















Vat Red 17, 10% 1 GAF 

Vat Red 23 I DUP 

Vat Red 29, 18% j GAF 



20% i ACS 

12-1/2% 1 ACS 

20% i HST 

17% i TRC 

10% i DUP 

15-1/2%—- I ACY 



26% 



*Vat Red 32, 
Vat Red 35, 
Vat Red 41, 
Vat Red 44, 
Vat Red 52, 
Vat Red 56, 

Other vat red dyes 

*Vat violet dyes: 

*Vat Violet 1, 11% 

Solubilized Vat Violet 1, 

*Vat Violet 2, 20% 

Vat Violet 3, 15% 

*Vat Violet 9-, 12% 

*Vat Violet 13, 6-1/4% 

Vat Violet 14, 12-1/2% 

Vat Violet 17, 12-1/2% 

Vat Violet 21 

Other vat violet dyes 

*Vat blue dyes: 

Vat Blue 1, 20% 

Solubilized Vat Blue 1, 25%--- 
Vat Blue 3, 16% 

*Vat Blue 4, 10% 

Vat Blue 5, 16% -- 

Solubilized Vat Blue 5, 38%--- 

*Vat Blue 6, 8-1/3% 

Solubilized Vat Blue 6, 17-1/2 



DUP, GAF. 
TRC. 



GAF 


TRC, 


VPC. 








ACS 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


ICI, 


TRC 


GAF 












ACS 


ACY, 


GAF, 


HST. 






GAF 


HST. 










DUP 


GAF, 


ICI, 


TRC. 






ACS 


DUP, 


GAF, 


ICI, 


TRC. 




ACS 


DUP. 










DUP 


GAF. 











ACS 












GAF 












ACY 


DUP, 


GAF. 








ACS 


ATL, 


DUP, 


HST. 






GAF 


HST. 










ACS 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


ICI, 


TRC 


GAF 


HST, 


ICI. 









DYES 

TABLE A . - -Bemenoid dyes: Manufaaturers ' identification codes, by products, li 



93 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



VAT DYES--Continued 

*Vat blue dyes--Continued 

Vat Blue 12, 6-1/2% 

Vat Blue 14, 8-1/3% 

Vat Blue 16, 16-1/2% 

*Vat Blue 18, 13%-- 

*Vat Blue 20, 14% 

Vat Blue 26, 24% 

Vat Blue 29 

Vat Blue 39, 12% - 

Vat Blue 43 

Vat Blue 53, 20-1/2% 

Vat Blue 60 

Other vat blue dyes 

"■Vat green dyes: 

*Vat Green 1, 6% 

Solubilized Vat Green 1, 12-1/2% 

*Vat Green 3, 10% 

Solubilized Vat Green 3, 26% 

*Vat Green 8, 8-1/2% 

*Vat Green 9, 12-1/2% 

Vat Green 15, 17% 

Vat Green 20, 6% 

Other vat green dyes 

*Vat brown dyes: 

*Vat Brown 1, 11% 

Solubilized Vat Brown 1, 17% 



*Vat Brown 3, 

*Vat Brown 5, 

Vat Brown 11 

Vat Brown 12 

Vat Brown 13 

Vat Brown 20 

Vat Brown 28 

Vat Brown 29, 13 

Vat Brown 31, 28 

Vat Brown 38, 20 

Vat Brown 40, 14 

Vat Brown 57, 15 



DUP 
ACS 
ACY 
AAP 
AAP 
GAF 
GAP 
GAF 
DUP 
GAF 
DUP 
GAF 

AAP 
GAF 
AAP 
GAF 
ACS 
ACS 
ACS 
DUP 
GAF 

ACS 
GAF 

11% { AAP 

13% I AAP 

12% j DUP 

12-1/2% I DUP 

17% i MAY 

10-1/2% ! ACS 



22^ 



Other vat brown dyes I ACS 

*Vat black dyes: 

Solubilized Vat Black 1, 27-1/2% GAF 

Vat Black 9, 16% ACS 

Vat Black U, 17-1/2% ACY 

Vat Black 13, 14% ACS 

Vat Black 14, 11-1/2% I DUP 



Vat Black 15 

Vat Black 18, 15-1/2% 
Bat Black 21, 18-1/2% 

Vat Black 22, 19% 

*Vat Black 25, 12-1/2% 
*Vat Black 27, 12-1/2% 



DUP, 
DUP. 
ACS, 
ACY. 



MAY, 

ACS, 
HST, 

ACS, 
HST, 
DUP, 
ACY, 



MAY, 

ACY, 
ICI. 
ACS, 
ACY, 
MAY, 



GAF, TRC. 



ACY, DUP, GAF, ICI, MAY, TRC. 
ATL, DUP, GAF, ICI, MAY, SDC, TRC. 



ACY, ATL, DUP, GAF, ICI, MAY. 

ICI. 

ACY, DUP, GAF, ICI, MAY, TRC. 

ICI. 

GAF, ICI. 

ATL, DUP, GAF, MAY, SDC, TRC. 



SDC. 

DUP, GAF, ICI, MAY, TRC. 

ACY, DUP, GAF, ICI, MAY, TRC, VPC. 

GAF, HST, VPC. 

TRC. 



HST, 
GAF, 



HST. 
GAF, 



TRC. 
ACY, 
ACY, 



TRC. 
SDC, VPC. 



MAY, TRC. 



DUP, GAF, ICI, MAY, TRC. 
BDO, DUP, GAF, ICl, MAY, TRC. 



8-333 O - 70 • 



94 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 4.--Bemenoid dyes: Manufacturers' identifications codes, by products, 1968 — Continued 



Dye 


Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 


VAT DYES--Continued 

*Vat black dyes --Continued 

Vat Black 34, 16% 

Vat Black 37 

Vat Black 38, 20% 

Vat Black 52 18-1/2% - 


ICI. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

ACY. 

DUP, GAF, SDC, TRC. 

ACY, PAT, SDC. 


Other vat black dyes 

All other dyes 



PIGMENTS 95 

As the terms are used in this report, benzenoid pigments are toners 
and lakes derived in whole or in part from benzenoid chemicals and colors. 
They are used in paints and related products, in printing inks, and in 
plastics and resin materials. 

Statistics on production and sales of all benzenoid pigments in 1968 
are given in table 1. Statistics on sales of a few selected pigments 
by commercial forms (dry full-strength form, dry extended form, dry 
dispersions, aqueous dispersions, and flushed colors) are given in table 2. 
Prior to 1961, statistics for toners included the quantities and values 
of extenders and diluents. Beginning in 1961, data were collected for 
both full-strength and extended toners on a full-strength-toner-content 
basis. Individual toners and lakes are identified in this report by the 
names used in the second edition of the Colour Index. 

Total production of benzenoid pigments in 1968 was 53.7 million pounds 
--0.8 percent more than the 53.3 million pounds produced in 1967 and 5.1 
percent more than the 51.1 million pounds produced in 1966. Total sales 
of benzenoid pigments in 1968 amounted to 45.8 million pounds, valued at 
$119.9 million, compared with 42.9 million pounds, valued at $108.4 million, 
in 1967 and 43.3 million pounds, valued at $107.6 million, in 1966. In 
terms of quantity, sales of benzenoid pigments in 1968 were 6.9 percent 
larger than in 1967 and 5.8 percent larger than in 1966; in terms of value, 
sales in 1968 were 10.7 percent larger than in 1967 and 11.5 percent larger 
than in 1966. 

Production of toners in 1968 amounted to 49.9 million pounds--!. 5 
percent more than the 49.2 million pounds reported for 1967. Sales in 1968 
were 42.2 million pounds, valued at $116.3 million, compared with 39.0 
million pounds, valued at $104.7 million, in 1967. Sales in 1968 were thus 
8.2 percent larger than those in 1967 in terms of quantity and 11.1 percent 
larger in terms of value. The individual toners listed in the report 
which were produced in the largest quantities in 1968 were Pigment Yellow 12, 
4.8 million pounds; Pigment Blue 15, beta form, 4.3 million pounds; Pigment 
Blue 15, alpha form, 4.0 million pounds; Pigment Red 49, barium toner, 
3.6 million pounds; Pigment Green 7, 3.5 million pounds; Pigment Blue 19, 
3.0 million pounds; Pigment Red 48, 2.5 million pounds; Pigment Red 53, barium 
toner, 2.2 million pounds; and Pigment Red 90, 2.0 million pounds. The 
production of Pigment Blue 15, alpha form, appears to have decreased in 1968 
compared with 1967, due to a correction in reporting procedures by two pro- 
ducers. The net result of these statistical corrections is to decrease 1968 
totals for Pigment Blue 15, compared with those of earlier years, and to in- 
crease the statistics for the beta form while correspondingly decreasing the 
statistics for the alpha form. 



96 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



Production of lakes totaled 3.8 million pounds in 1968--7.8 
percent less than the 4.2 million pounds reported for 1967. Sales of 
lakes in 1968 amounted to 3.6 million pounds, valued at $3.6 million, 
compared with sales in 1967 of 3.9 million pounds, valued at $3.7 million. 
Sales in 1968 were thus 6.7 percent smaller than those in 1967 in terms 
of quantity, and 2.1 percent smaller in terms of value. 

For each of 15 selected pigments, or groups of pigments, table 2 
gives data on sales by commercial forms. Pigment Yellow 12, Pigment 
Red 90, and Pigment Blue 19 were sold principally in the flushed form. 
The remaining 12 pigments, or groups of pigments, for which statistics 
are published were sold principally in the dry full-strength form. 
Statistics on sales by commercial forms could not be published for Pigment 
Red 49, sodium toner, without revealing the operations of individual 
companies . 

Table 3 lists benzenoid pigments and identifies the manufacturers; 
imports of pigments during 1967 and 1968 are shown in table 3 of the 
Appendix. 



PIGMENTS 

TABLE l.—Benzenoid pigments; U.S. production and sales, 1968 



97 



[Listed below are all toners and lakes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no 
data were reported.) Table 2 lists all toners and lakes for which data on production or sales were reported 
and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Pigment 



Grand total 

TONERS 

Total 

Yellow toners, total 

llansa yellows, total 

Pigment Yellow 1, C.I. 11 680 

Pigment Yellow 3, C.I. 11 710 

Pigment Yellow 73 

Pigment Yellow 74, C.l. 11 741 

Other llansa yellows 

Benzidine yellows, total 

Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090 

Pigment Yellow 14, C.I. 21 095 

Pigment Yellow 17, C.I. 21 105 

Other benzidine yellows 

All other 

Orange toners, total 

Pigment Orajige 2, C.I. 12 060 

Pigment Orange 5, C.I. 12 075 

Pigment Orange 13, C.l. 21 110 

Pigment Orange 16, C.l. 21 160 

Pigment Orange 34, C.I. 21 115 

All other 

Red toners, total 

Naphthol reds, total 

Pigment l^»d 2, C.I. 12 310 

Pigment Red 5, C.I. 12 490 

Pigment Red 17, C.I. 12 390 

Pigment Red 18, C.I. 12 350 

Pigment Red 22, C.l. 12 315 

Pigment Red 23, C.I. 12 355 

Other naphthol reds 

Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, dark 

Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, light 

Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120 

Pigment Red 4, C.l. 12 085 

Pigment Red 6, C.I. 12 090 

Pigment Red 38, C.I. 21 120 

Pigment Red 48, C.I. IS 865 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630: 

Barium toner 

C al cium tone r 

Sodium toner '-- 

Pigment Red 52, C.I. 15 860 

Pigment Red S3, C.I. IS 585, barium toner-- 
Pigment Red 54, C.I. 14 830, calcium toner- 
See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



49,919 



,526 
750 
175 



,768 
,829 



274 
175 
257 



7 
9b 

909 

133 

173 

,699 



208 
,568 

,227 



Quantity 



1,000 
pounds 

45.810 



42,202 



6,560 



1,217 
566 
106 

172 

373 

5,196 

2,983 

1,456 

288 

469 

147 



218 
164 
245 
63 



18,338 



1,013 
43 
48 
55 

107 
629 
131 
106 
155 
1,508 
219 

183 
2,409 

3,432 
1,233 
25b 
1,591 
1,952 
78 



1,000 
dollars 

119.934 



17,924 



3,032 

1,023 

239 

628 
1,142 
13,193 
6,414 
3,6 24 
849 
2,306 
1,699 

2. 820 



89 
348 
525 
b46 
201 
1,011 

37.649 



3,430 
117 
236 

172 

312 



19b 

2,404 

322 

792 
4,564 



1,424 

237 

2,427 

2,668 

178 



98 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TAULE l.--Benzenoid pigments: U.S. production and sales, J96(9--Continued 



Pigment 



TONi;RS--Continued 

Red toners--Continued 

Pigment Red 57, C.I. 15 850, calcium tonei 

Pigment Red 63, C.I. 15 880 

Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PMA 

Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PTA 

Pigment Red 90, C.I. 45 380 

All other 



Violet toners, total- 



Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 
Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 
Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 
Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 
Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 
All other 



45 170, PMA 

45 170, PTA 

42 535, fugitive- 

42 535, PMA 

42 535, PTA 



Blue toners, total- 



Pigment Blue I, C.I. 42 595, PMA 
Pigment Blue 1, C.I. 42 595, PTA 
Pigment Blue 9, C.I. 42 025, PTA 
Pigment Blue 14, C.I 
Pigment Blue 15, C.I 
Pigment Blue 15, C.I 
Pigment Blue 19, C.I 
Pigment Blue 25, C.I 
All other 



42 600, PMA 

74 160, alpha form- 
74 160, beta forn-- 

42 750A 

21 180 



3reen toners, total 

Pigment Green 1, C.I. 
Pigment Green 2, C.I. 
Pigment Green 2, C.l. 
Pigment Green 4, C.I. 
Pigment Green 7, C.I. 
Pigment Green 8, C.I. 
Pigment Green 36, C.I, 
All other 



42 040, PTA --- 

42 040 and 49 005, PMA- 
42 040 and 49 005, PTA- 

42 000, PTA 

74 260 

10 006--- 

74 265 



Brown toners, total 

Pigment Brown 5, C.I. 
All other 



Black toners- 



Tot al- 



P reduction 



1,000 
pounds 



1,991 
1,542 



Red lakes: 

Pigment Red 60, 
Pigment Red 83, 
(Acid Red 26) , 



C.I. 16 105- 
C.I. 58 000- 
;.I. 16 150-- 



7b 
558 
599 



Quantity 



158 
19 



,078 
91 
188 



69 

69 

5 

3,499 

173 
250 
550 



1,000 
pounds 



132 
1,143 

1,497 



70 
552 
379 

47 
870 



145 
17 



3,428 
3,305 
2,969 



,109 
132 
207 
251 



178 
63 
479 



1,429 
76 
2,411 
835 
2,505 
7,883 

12,747 



402 
472 
740 

1,067 
222 

9,844 



30,905 



789 

100 

IS 

620 

10,113 

10,525 

7,269 

213 

1,258 

13,688 



48 

341 

231 

24 

10,781 

166 

711 

1,386 

335 



141 
194 



See footnotes at end of table. 



PIGMENTS 

TABLE 1. — Bemenoid pigments: U.S. production and sales, 7968--Continue(i 



99 





Pigncnt 


Production 


S 


lies 






Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value' 




LAKIiS--Continued 














1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
dollars 


Per 

pound 


Violet lakes: 

Pigment Violet 5, 




192 
1,914 

968 


176 
1,771 

941 


388 


$2.20 
1.02 

.70 






660 





' Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Includes all black, brown, green, orange, yellow lakes, "all other" red, and "all other" violet lakes. 

Note. --The C.l. (Colour Index) numbers shown in this report are tiie identifying numbers given in the second 
edition of the Colour Index. 

The abbreviation PMA and PTA stand for phospliomolybdic and phospiiotungstic (including phosphotungstonolybdic) 
acids, respectively. 



100 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2.—Benzenoid pigments: U.S. sales of selected dry fuU-stvength aolors, dry extended aolors, dry 
ersions, aqueous dispersions, and flushed colors, 1968 



Selected pigments by commercial forms 



Quantity 



Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Dry extended toner, dry dispersions, and aqueous dispersions^ '* 

Flushed color 

Pigment Yellow 13, C.I. 21 100; Pigment Yellow 14, C.I. 21 095; Pigment 

Yellow 17, C.I. 21 105; and other benzidine yellows, total- 

Dry full- strength toner 

Dry extended toner and dry dispersions'* 

Aqueous dispersions^ 

Flushed color 

Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120, total 

Dry full-strength toner and dry extended toner'' 

Aqueous dispersions' 

Flushed color 

Pigment Red 48, C.I. 15 865, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Dry extended toner and dry dispersions'" 

Aqueous dispersions' 

Flushed color 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630, barium toner, total 

Dry full-strength toner and dry extended toner'' 

Aqueous dispersions' and flushed color'* 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630, calcium toner, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Dry dispersions and aqueous dispersions' '' 

Flushed color 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630, sodium toner"* 

Pigment Red 53, C.I. 15 585, barium toner, total -- 

Dry full-strength toner, dry extended toner, and dry dispersions'" 

Aqueous dispersions' and flushed color"" 

Pigment Red 90, C.I. 45 380, total 

Dry full-strength toner, dry extended toner, and dry dispersions'* 

Aqueous dispersions' and flushed color'" 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, fugitive, total 

Dry full-strength toner and dry extended toner'* 

Flushed color 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, permanent CPMA and PTA) , total 

Dry full- strength toner 

Dry extended toner, aqueous dispersions' and flushed color 

Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, alpha form, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Dry extended toner 

Dry dispersions 

Aqueous dispersions ' 

Flushed color 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 

2,983 



516 

179 

2,288 



2,213 



1,560 



302 
318 



949 
84 

475 

2,409 



2,213 



3,432 



2,616 
816 



1,28 



1,059 



1,952 



1,179 

773 



25 
1,118 



271 
281 



312 
114 



3,428 



1,328 
832 
124 
970 
174 



1,000 
dollars 



6,672 



1,067 

397 

5,208 



6,799 



5,050 



817 
849 



2,461 



1,478 
117 



4,564 



4,146 
155 
115 
148 

3,727 



2,767 
960 



1,177 

23 

343 



2,723 



1,599 
1,124 



2,646 



2,594 



385 
355 



1,354 



943 
411 



10,131 



3,980 
2,753 

404 
2,527 

467 



PIGMENTS 

TABLE 2. --Benzenoid pigments: U.S. sales of seleoted dry full-strength oolors, dry extended colors, dry 
dispersions, aqueous dispersions, and flushed colors, 39eS— Continued 



101 



Selected pigments by commercial forms 



Sales 



Quantity' Value 



Unit 
value ^ 



Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, beta form, total- 
Dry full-strength toner 

Dry extended toner and dry dispersions'* 

Aqueous dispersions ' 

Flushed color 



1,000 
pounds 



3,305 



Pigment Blue 19, C.I. 42 750A, total 

Dry full-strength toner and dry extended toner'' 
Aqueous dispersions' and flushed color'* 



1,205 
451 
850 
799 

2,969 



1,000 
dollars 



10,525 



Per 
pound 



4,023 
1,579 
2,414 
2,509 

7,270 



3.34 
3.50 



3.14 
2.45 



Pigment Green 7, C.I. 74 260, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Dry extended toner and dry dispersions'* 

Aqueous dispersions' 

Flushed color 



315 
2,654 



3,109 



766 
6,504 



10,781 



2.43 
2.45 



3.47 



1,217 
641 

1,076 
175 



4,335 

2,530 

3,289 

627 



3.56 
3.95 
3.06 
3.58 



Quantity of the various commercial forms is given in terms of dry full-strength toner Cor dry lake) content. 
Calculated from rounded figures. 
Includes presscake. 

Separate data on these commercial forms may not be published without revealing the operations of individual 
companies . 

Note. --The C.I. (Colour Index) numbers shown in this report are the identifying numbers given in the second 
edition of the Colour Index. 

The abbreviations PMA and PTA stand for phosphomolybdic and phosphotungs tic (including phosphotungstomolybdic) 
acids, respectively. 



102 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE '^.-. Bemenoid pigments: Manufacturers' identifiaation codes, by products, 1968 

[Benzenoid pigments for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an 

asterisk {*); products not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted 
in confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken 
from tne Appendix, tables 1 aiiu 2. An x signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to his 
identification with the designated product.] 



Pigment 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



TONERS 

* Yellow toners: 
*llansa yellows : 

♦Pigment Yellow 1, C.I. 11 6S 



♦Pigment Yellow 3, C.I. 11 710-- 

Pigment Yellow 4, C.I. 11 665-- 

Pigment Yellow 5, C.I. 11 660-- 

Pigraent Yellow 6, C.I. 11 670-- 

Pigraent Yellow 9, C.I. 11 720-- 

Pigment Yellow 49, C.I. 11 765- 

Pigment Yellow 65, C.I. 11 740- 

*Pigment Yellow 73 

♦Pigment Yellow 74, C.I. 11 741- 

Pigment Yellow 75 

All other Hansa yellows 

'Benzidine yellows: 

♦Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090- 



Pigment Yellow 13, C.I. 21 100- 
♦Pigment Yellow 14, C.I. 21 095- 

♦Pigment Yellow 17, C.I. 21 105- 



Pigment Yellow 76 

Pigment Yellow 83 

Pigment Yellow 97 

All other benzidine yellows 

Pigment Yellow 18, C.I. 49 005 

Pigment Yellow 19 

Pigment Yellow 60, C.I. 12 705 

Pigment Yellow 112 C.I. 70 600 

(Basic Yellow 2), C.I. 41 000 fugitive- 
All other 

♦Orange toners: 

Pigment Orange 1, C.I. 
♦Pigment Orange 2, C.l. 
♦Pigment Orange 5, C.I. 
♦Pigment Orange 13, C.I. 

Pigment Orange 15, C.I. 21 130- 
♦Pigment Orange 16, C.l. 21 160- 



11 725-- 

12 060-- 
12 075-- 

21 110- 



♦Pigment Orange 34, C.I. 21 115- 
♦Pigment Orange 43, C.I. 71 105- 

(Vat Orange 1), C.I. 59 105 

(Vat Orange 4), C.I. 59 710 

CVat Orange 15), C.l. 69 025--- 

All other 

♦Red toners: 

♦Naplithol reds: 

♦Pigment Red 2, C.I. 12 310--- 
♦Pigment Red 5, C.I. 12 490--- 



Pigment Red 7, C.I. 12 420-- 
Pigment Red 9, C.I. 12 460— 
Pigment Red 10, C.I. 12 440- 



ACS, ACY, AMS, CPC, DUP, FCL, GAF, HSC, HSH, ICI, 

IMP, KON, PPG, ROM, S, SDH, SNA, SW. 
ACS, use, HSH, IMP, KCW, KON, PPG, S, SW. 
ACS, SNA. 
IMP. 
IMP. 
SUA. 

ICI, IMP. 
SU. 

ACS, SNA, SW, x. 
DUP, HSC, IMP, SDH, SW. 
IMP. 
DUP, KCW. 

ACS, ACY, AMS, DUP, FCL, HSC, HSH, ICC, IMP, KON, 

LVY, S, SDH, SNA, SW. 

BUC, FCL, GAF, HSC, HSH, HST, ICC, IMP, ROM, SDH, 

SNA, SW. 

ACS, ACY, AMS, BUC, CIK, CPC, DUP, FCL, GAF, HSC, 

HSil, HST, ICC, IMP, KON, ROM, S, SDH, SNA. 

SW, X. 

AMS, ACY, BUC, FCL, HSH, HSC, HST, ICC, IMP, SDH, 

SNA, SW. 



HST. 












HST. 












HSH, 


ICC, 


ROM, 


SW. 






IMP. 












GAF. 












SW. 












ACS, 


TRC. 










MUX . 












ACY, 


ICC, 


IMP, 


S, SW. 






ACS, 


KCW. 










FCL, 


IMP, 


SDH, 


SW, UllL. 






ACY, 


HSC, 


IMP, 


SNA, SW. 






ACS, 


ACY, 


AMS, 


DUP, IMP, 


KON, 


S, SNA, SW. 


ACS, 


GAF. 










ACS, 


BUC, 


DUP, 


FCL, HSC, 


HSH, 


HST, ICC, IMP 


ROM, SDH, SNA, SW. 






BUC, 


ICC, 


ROM, 


SDH, SNA. 






GAF, 


HST. 










HST. 












ACS. 












ACS, 


TRC. 










GAF, 


KON. 











ACS, GAF, HSC, IMP, KCW, KON, MRX, SDH, SW. 
ACS, DUP, GAF, HSH, ICC, ICI, IMP, ROM, S, 

SDH, SW. 
ICI, S. 
IMP. 
KCW. 



PIGMENTS 103 

TABLE 3. — Benzenoid pigments: Manufaaturers ' identification codes, by products, 1968 — Continued 



Pigment 



TONLRS--Continued 

'Red toners--Continued 

*Naphtliol reds--Continued 

Pigment Red 13, C.I. 12 395 

Pigment Red 14, C.I. 12 380 

Pigment Red 15, C.I. 12 465 

*Pigment Red 17, C.I. 12 390 

♦Pigment Red 18, C.I. 12 350 

♦Pigment Red 22, C.I. 12 315 

♦Pigment Red 23, C.I. 12 355 

Pigment Red 31, C.I. 12 360 

Pigment Red 112, C.I. 12 370 

All other naphthol reds 

♦Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, dark-- 
♦Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, light- 
♦Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



♦Pigment Red 4, C.I. 12 085- 



♦Pigment Red 6, C.I. 12 090-- 

*Pigment Red 38, C.I. 21 120- 

Pigment Red 41, C.I. 21 200- 

'Pigment Red 48, C.I. IS 865- 



Pigraent Red 49, C.I. 
♦Barium toner 



15 630: 



♦Calcium toner 

♦Sodium toner 

Other 

♦Pigment Red 52, C.I. 
'Pigment Red 53, C.I. 



15 860- 
15 585, 



barium toner- 



Pigment Red 53, C.I. 15 585, sodium toner-- 
♦Pigment Red 54, C.I. 14 830, calcium toner- 
Pigment Red 55, C.I. 15 820 

♦Pigment Red 57, C.I. 15 850, calcium toner- 



Pigment Red 58, C.I. IS 825 

'Pigment Red 63, C.I. 15 880 

Pigment Red 64, C.I. 15 800 

Pigment Red 77, C.I. 15 826 

Pigment Red 79, PMA 

Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, fugitive- 

♦Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PMA 



'Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PTA- 



, I. 73 310- 



Pigraent Red 87, C. 

Pigment Red 88 

'Pigment Red 90, C.I. 45 380-- 

Pigment Red 91 

Pigment Red 117, C.I. IS 603- 

Pigment Red 122 

Pigment Red 123, C.I. 71 145- 

Pigment Red 168, C.I. 59 300- 

Pigment Red 179, C.I. 71 130- 



IMP, KCW. 

DUP. 

UUP. 

ACY, FCL, ICC, IMP, S, SNA, SW. UHL. 

ACS, IMP, SH. 

ACY, DUP, FCL, GAP, IMP, MRX , SNA, SW. 

ACY, 15UC, UUP, FCL, ICC, IMP, SUII, SNA, SW. 

SNA. 

X. 

KCW, ROM, S, SDH, SW, x. 

ACY, use, IISH, IMP, KON, LVY, SDIl, SW. 

ACY, use, HSU, IMP, KON, PPG, SDH, SW. 

ACY, CIK, CPC, DUP, use, HSH, IMP, KCW, KON, PPG, 

SDH, SNA, SW, UHL. 
ACY, AMS, FCL, HSC, IMP, KON, MRX, SDH, SNA, SW, 

UHL. 
DUP, HSC, HSH, KON, SW. 
ACS, UUP, GAF, ICC, SNA, SW. 
ACS. 
ACS, ACY, AMS, DUP, FCL, GAF, HSC, HSH, ICC, IMP, 

KON, LVY, MRX, S, SNA, SW. 

ACY, AMS, CIK, FCL, HSC, IMP, KON, LVY, SDH, SW, 

UHL. 
ACY, AMS, FCL, HSC, IMP, LVY, PPG, SDH, SW. 
ACY, AMS, HSC, KUN, SDH, SW. 
GAF. 

AMS, FCL, HSC, HSH, IMP, SNA, SW. 
ACY, AMS, CIK, FCL, HSC, IMP, KON, LVY, MGR, MRX, 

SDH, SNA, SW. 
KON. 

HSH, IMP, SDH. 
ACS, DUP. 
ACS, AMS, CIK, UUP, FCL, HSC, HSH, IMP, KON, LVY, 

MGR, SDIl, SNA, SW. 
DUP, GAF, IMP. 

ACS, HSH, IMP, KON, SNA, SW. 
ACS. 
SW. 
GAF. 

KCW, MGR. 
Cl'C, DUP, FCL, GAF, IMP, KON, LVR, LVY, MGR, MI«, 

S, SNA, TCD, UHL. 
ACY, AMS, DUP, FCL, GAF, HSC, IMP, KCW, KON, MGR, 

MRX, S, SDH, SNA, UHL. 
ACS. 

ACS, SDH. 

AMS, FCL, ICC, IMP, LVR, LVY, SDH, TCD. 
TCD. 
SW. 

ACS, ACY. 
ACS, HSC. 
ACS, TRC. 
ACS. 



104 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 'i-'-Bemenoid pigments: Manufaaturers ' identifiaation codes, by products, 1968 — Continued 



Pigment 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



TONERS--Continued 



*Red toners--Continued 

Pigment Red 190, C.I. 71 140 

(Vat Red 1), C.I. 73 360 

(Vat Red 10), C.I. 67 000 

All other 

*Violet toners: 

Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, fugitive- 

*Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, PMA 

*Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, PTA 



*Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 
*Pigment Violet 3, C.l. 



42 535, fugitive- 
42 535, PMA 



'Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, PTA- 



Pigment Violet 19, C.l. 46 500 

Pigment Violet 23, C.I. 51 319--- 

Pigment Violet 31, C.I. 60 010--- 

(Vat Violet 2), C.I. 73 385 

(Vat Violet 3), C.I. 73 395 

All other 

Hue toners: 

*Pigment Blue 1, C.I. 42 595, PMA- 



42 595, PTA- 
44 045, PMA- 



44 045, PTA 1 



PMA- 
PMA- 



*Pigment Blue 1, C.I. 

Pigment Blue 2, C.I. 

Pigment Blue 2, C.I. 

Pigment Blue 3, C.I. 

Pigment Blue 9, C.I. 
*Pigment Blue 9, C.I. 

Pigment Blue 10, C.I 

Pigment Blue 10, C.l 
*Pigment Blue 14, C.I 

Pigment Blue 14, C.I. 42 600, PTA- 
*Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, alpha form- 

*Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, beta form-- 



J 



42 140, 

42 025, 

42 025, PTA-- 
44 040, PMA- 
44 040, PTA- 
42 600, PMA- 



*Pigment Blue 19, C.I. 42 750A 

Pigment Blue 22, C.I. 69 810- 

*Pigment Blue 25, C.I. 21 180- 

(Vat Blue 6), C.I. 69 825 

All other 

*Green toners : 

Pigment Green 1, C.I 

*Pigment Green 1, C.I 

*Pigment Green 2, C.l 



42 040, PMA 

42 040, PTA 

42 040 and 49 005, PMA- 



*Pigment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and 49 005, PTA- 

Pigment Green 4, C.l. 42 000, fugitive 

Pigment Green 4, C.I. 42 000, PMA 

*Pigment Green 4, C.I. 42 000, PTA- — --- 

*Pigraent Green 7, C.I. 74 260 



'Pigment Green 8, C.I. 10 006-- 
Pigment Green 10, C.I. 12 775- 



ACS, GAF, use, SNA. 

HST. 

ACS. 

DUP, HAM, use, TRC, x. 

UllL. 

GAF, IMP, LVR, MGR, MRX, S, SNA. 

ACY, AMS, DUP, FCL, GAF, HSC, IMP, KON, MGR, 

MRX, SNA. 

ACY, AMS, llAM, HSC, IMP, KON, LVY, MGR, UHL. 

AMS, CIK, DUP, GAF, HSC, IMP, KON, LVR, LVY, 

MGR, MRX, PPG, SDH, SNA, SW, UHL. 

ACY, AMS, GAF, HSC, IMP, KON, MRX, SNA, SW, 

TCD. 

ACS, DUP, SNA. 

ACS, ACY, GAF, HST, TRC. 

ACS, DUP, ICI. 
ACS. 
ACS. 

BUG, ICC, IMP, ROM. 

DUP, GAF. IMP, KON, LVR, LVY, MGR, MRX, SNA, 

SW, TCD, UHL. 
AMS, DUP, GAF, HAM, IMP, KON, MGR, SNA, SW. 
GAF. 

GAF, HAM, KON. 
LVR. 
MRX . 

GAF, IMP, MGR, SDH. 
IMP, sun. 
IMP. 

DUP, GAF, IMP. 
DUP. 
ACS, ACY, DUP, GAF, HSC, ICC, ICI, IMP, MGR, 

SNA, SW, TMS, TRC. 
ACY, AMS, BUG, DUP, FCL, GAF, HSC, ICC, IMP, 

LVY, SNA, SW, TMS. 
ACY, AMS, HSC, SW, TCD. 
ACS, DUP, TRC. 
ACS, DUP, GAF, ICC, S, SW. 
ICI, TRC. 
GAF, IMP, S, SDH. 

GAF, IMP, UHL. 

IMP, MGR, S. 

AMS, GAF, IMP, KON, LVY, MGR, MRX, UllL. 

ACY, DUP, GAF, IMP, KON, LVY, MRX, S, SDH. 

GAF. 

GAF, MGR. 

ACY, AMS, HAM, IMP, KON, MGR. 

ACS, ACY, CIK, DUP, FCL, GAF, HSC, ICC, IMP, 

SNA, SW, TMS, TRC. 
HSll, IMP, KCW. 
DUP, GAF, HSC, IMP, SW. 



PIGMENTS 



105 



TABLE 2i---Bsnzenoid pigments: Manufacturer's' identifiaation codes, by products, 1968 — Continued 



Pigment 



TONHRS-- Continued 

*Green toners — Continued 

*Pigment Green 36, C.I. 74 265 

Pigment Green 38 

All other 

*Brown toners: 

Pigment Brown 1, C.l. 12 480 

Pigment Brown 2, C.I. 12 071 

Pigment Brown 3, C.I. 21 010, PMA- 

*Pigment Brown 5, C.I. 15 800 

(Vat Brown 3), C.I. 69 015 

All other 

'Black toners: 

Pigment Black 1, C.I. 50 440- 

Pigment Black 7, C.l. 77 266 

All other 

LAKES 



C.l. 



10 316-- 

47 005-- 

19 140- 



16 105-- 

58 000-- 

16 180--- 

16 150--- 

16 185--- 

75 470- 



Yellow lakes: 

(Acid Yellow 1), 
(Acid Yellow 3), C.I. 
(Acid Yellow 23) , C.I. 

Orange lakes : 

Pigment Orange 17, C.I. 15 510- 
All other 

Red Lakes: 
*Pigment Red 60, C.I. 
*Pigment Red 83, C.l. 

(Acid Red 17), C.l. 
*(Acid Red 26), C.I. 
(Acid Red 27), C.I. 
(Natural Red 4), C.I. 

All other 

*Violet lakes: 

*Pigment Violet 5, C.l. 58 055-- 
Pigment Violet 20, C.l. 58 225- 
All other 

Blue lakes: 

Pigment Blue 17, C.I. 74 180—- 
Pigment Blue 24, C.I. 42 090--- 

(Acid Blue 93), C.I. 42 780 

(Acid Blue 104), C.I. 42 735--- 

Green lakes 

Brown lakes 

Black lakes: 

(Natural Black 3), C.I. 75 291- 
All other 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



ACY, GAF, SNA. 
ACS, SNA. 
IMP, SW. 

ICI. 

IISH, SDll. 

KCW, KON. 

ACS, BUC, IISII, ICC, ROM, SNA. 

GAF. 

GAF, ICC, SDH, SW. 

SNA. 
GAF. 
DUP, GAF, UllL. 



IMP. 
IMP . 
KON, 

CPC, 

\m-\. 



MRX. 

IMP, KCW, KON. 



llSll. 


KON. 


MRX, 


SNA. 




HSH, 


IMP, 


KON, 


MRX, 


UHL. 


IMP, 


KCW. 








CPC, 


HAM, 


IMP, 


KCW. 




KON. 










KON. 










wm, 


IMP , 


SNA. 






ACS, 


DUP, 


HSH, 


IMP, 


KON, UHL 


SW. 










HAM. 










CPC, 


KCW. 








AMS, 


KON, 


LVY, 


SDH. 




LVR. 










CPC, 


KCW. 








IMP. 










\{m. 


KON. 








CPC, 


KON. 








HAM. 











Note. --The C.I. ( Colour Index) numbers shown in this report are the identifying codes given in the 
second edition of the Colour Index . 

IVhen the name of a color is enclosed in parentheses, it indicates that this name is that of the dye from 
which the pigment can be made and that no name for the pigment itself is given in the Colour Index. 

The abbreviations PMA and PTA stand for phosphomolybdic and phosphotungstic (including phosphotungsto- 
molybdic) acids, respectively. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 107 



Medicinal chemicals include the medicinal and feed grades of all 
organic chemicals having therapeutic value, whether obtained by chemical 
synthesis, by fermentation, by extraction from naturally occiirring 
plant or animal substances, or by refining a technical grade product. 
They include antibiotics and other anti-infective agents, antihistamines, 
autonomic drugs, cardiovascular agents, central nervous system depressants 
and stimulants, hormones and synthetic substitutes, vitamins, and other 
therapeutic agents for human or veterinary use and for animal feed sup- 
plements. 

Table 1 shows statistics for production and sales of medicinal 
chemicals grouped by pharmacological class, while table 2 lists sepa- 
rately each product for which data were reported and identifies the manu- 
facturers. The statistics shown in table 1 are for bulk chemicals only; 
finished pharmaceutical preparations and products put up in pills, 
capsules, tablets, or other measured doses are excluded.^ The difference 
between production and sales reflects inventory changes, processing 
losses, and captive consumption of medicinal chemicals processed into 
ethical and proprietary pharmaceutical products by the primary manu- 
facturer. In some instances, the difference may also include quantities 
of medicinal grade products used as intermediates, e.g., penicillin G 
salts used as intermediates in the manufacture of semisynthetic peni- 
cillins. All quantities are given in terms of 100-percent content of 
the pure bulk drug. 

Total U.S. production of bulk medicinal chemicals in I968 amounted 
to 177 million poiinds , or 1.6 percent less than the I80 million pounds 
produced in I967 and h.k percent less than the I85 million pounds pro- 
duced in 1966. Total sales of bvilk medicinal chemicals in I968 amounted 
to 123 million pounds, valued at $^15 million, compared with sales in 

1967 of 127 million pounds, valued at $385 million, and sales in I966 of 
136 million pounds, valued at $398 million. In terms of quantity, sales 
in 1968 were thus 3.5 percent smaller than in I967 and 10.2 percent 
smaller than in I966. In terms of value, however, sales in I968 were 
7.7 percent larger than in I967 and k.l percent larger than in I966. 

Production of the more important groups of medicinal chemicals in 

1968 was as follows: Antibiotics, 10.3 million pounds (8 percent larger 
than in I967), of which 6.0 million pounds was for medicinal use and k.3 
million pounds was for other uses; anti-infective agents other than 
antibiotics, 3^.2 million pounds (9 percent larger than in I967); central 

Complementary statistics on the dollar value of manufacturers' ship- 
ments of finished pharmaceutical preparations, except biologicals, are 
published annually by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the 
Census, in Current Industrial Reports, Series MA-28G. Many pharmaceu- 
tical manufactiirers who report to the Bureau of the Census are excluded 
from the Tariff Commission report because they are not primary producers 
of medicinal chemicals, that is, they do not themselves produce the bulk 
drugs which go into their pharmaceutical products but purchase their 
drug requirements from domestic or foreign producers. 



108 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, I968 

nervous system depressants and stimulants, i+3.1 million pounds (l percent 
smaller); gastrointestinal agents, U8.0 million pounds (8 percent smaller); 
and vitamins, 17.0 million pounds (3 percent smaller). Production of 
some of the more important individual products listed in table 1 was as 
follows: Choline chloride, 35-0 million pounds (9 percent smaller than in 
1967); aspirin, 30.9 million pounds (2 percent larger); salicylic acid, 
11.6 million pounds (l percent larger); methionine and its hydroxy ana- 
logue, 10.1 million pounds (8 percent smaller); piperazine base and 
salts, 8.7 million pounds (2 percent smaller); ascorbic acid, 6.7 million 
pounds (9 percent smaller); anti-infective sulfonamides, ^.8 million 
pounds (5 percent smaller); penicillins, 2,i+73 trillion units (7^ percent 
larger); tetracyclines, 1.3 million kilograms (16 percent smaller); 
vitamin A, 1,06^ trillion \mits (lO percent larger); and vitamin E, UlU 
billion linits (20 percent larger). 

Table 3 in the Appendix includes imports of benzenoid medicinal 
chemicals and pharmaceuticals during 1967 and I968. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 

TABLE 1. — Medicinal chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1968 



109 



[Listed below are all synthetic organic medicinal chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales 
may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be 
published or where no data were reported. ) Table 2 lists all medicinal chemicals for which data on production 
or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Production 



Quantity 



Grand total 

Acyclic 

Benzenoid ' 

Cyclic nonbenzenoid 



Antibiotics, total 

For medicinal use, total 

Antifungal and antitubercular antibiotics- 

Bacitracin^ 

Penicillin G, potassium 

Semi-synthetic penicillins, total' 

Ampicillin 

Dicloxacillin , sodium 

All other 

Other antibiotics for medicinal use 

For other uses , total 

Bac itrac in 

All other 



Antihistamines, total 

Antinauseants 

Chlorpheniramine maleate- 
All other 



Anti-infective agents (except antibiotics), total 

Arsenic, bismuth, and mercury compounds, total 

Thimerosal 

All other 

Phenolic antiseptics and disinfectants 

Piperazine base and salts, total 

Piperazine 

All other 

Quinoline derivatives, total 

Diiodohydroxyquin 

Oxyquinoline benzoate 

All other 

Sulfonamides , total 

Phthalylsul f athi azole 

Sulfapyridine 

All other 

Groups listed above for which separate sales data may not be 
shown 



1,000 
do I laps 



177,221 



10,262 



5,981 

992 

16 

l,561t 

360 

252 

26 

82 

3,01*9 

lt,28l 

260 

It ,021 

1)1)2 



1)3 
31)5 

3lt,201 



3,756 

5 

3,751 

17T 

8,709 

1),5Y1 

l),138 

929 

31 

1) 

89 1) 

l),79l) 



l),79l) 



122,533 



l)ll),92l) 



61), 021 1)5,31)9 

95,l»ll) ' 61), 886 

17,786 12,298 



lt,383 

2,1)17 

711 

10 



1,696 

1,966 

2l)7 

1,719 

265 



31,351) 

296,301 

87,269 

93,589 



70,81)6 
10,770 
89I) 



59,182 

22,71)3 

1),069 

18,671) 

7,239 



21 
21)1) 



25,365 



296 
6,91)3 

96,1)80 



181 
5,865 
1,185 
1),680 

16 
3 



1),862 



1)28 

311 
3,951* 
1,029 
2,925 

70 



27 
111) 



15,820 



See footnotes at end of table. 



333 o - 70 - 6 



UO SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 1. — Medicinal chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1968 — Continued 



Production 



Quantity 



Anti-infective agents (except antibiotics) — Continued 

Other anti-infective agents , total 

Anthelmintic agents 

Antibacterial agents and general antiseptics, total — 

Antileprotic and antitubercular agents 

Urinary antiseptics, total 

Methenamine salts 

All other 

Other antibacterial agents and general antiseptics- 

Antifungal agents 

Antiprotozoan agents 



Autonomic drugs, total 

Parasympatholytic (anticholinergic) agents (except tropane 

derivatives) , total 

Quaternary ammonium compounds 

Tertiary amines 

Sympathomimetic (adrenergic) agents, total 

Epinephrine hydrochloride (racemic) 

Phenylpropanolamine hydrochloride 

All other 

Other autonomic drugs 



Cardiovascular agents, total 

Cardiac drugs 

Rauwolfia and veratrum alkaloids- 
Other cardiovascular agents 



Central depressants and stimulants, total 

Amphetamines , total 

Amphetamine base and sulfate (racemic) 

Methamphetamine hydrochloride (dextro) 

All other 

Analgesics and antipyretics, total 

Aspirin 

Salicylates (except aspirin) 

All other 

Antidepressants 

Antitussives, total 

Hydrocodone bitartrate 

All other 

Barbiturates , total 

Phenobarbital, sodium 

All other 

Hypnotics, and sedatives (except barbiturates) 

Skeletal muscle relaxants, total 

Succinylcholine chloride 

All other 

Tranquili zer s , total 

Meprobamate 

Other tranquilizers ' ° 

Other central depressants and stimulants 



,1*20 
,808 
262 
837 
50T 
330 
,709 
,365 
,2143 

572 



76 

35 

1.1 

1*86 

2 

266 

218 

10 

936 



1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


dollars 


lit, 397 


75,71*5 


7,71*1. 


36 ,291* 


1,1*06 


3,1*56 


'" 693 


1,1*96 


693 


1,1*96 


713 


1,960 


1,129 


650 


1*,118 


35,31*5 


1*1*9 


7,982 


37 


2, 111* 


ll* 


992 


23 


1,122 


1*08 


5,688 


2 


126 


262 


1,657 


ll*l* 


3,905 


u 


180 



(') 



1*3,079 



28 : 

21 ! 

1*9 i 

,909 i 

,902 

,701* \ 

,303 : 
95 ■ 
1*2 
2 
1*0 
802 ; 
12 . 

790 ; 

552 

I9I* 
6 

188 
,ll*2 

733 

1*09 
,2l*5 



31,939 



1*7 
27,959 



27,959 



1*97 

1*97 

138 

138 

978 

922 

56 

2,292 



62,375 



623 

120 



503 
36,751 



36,751 

2,1*51 

2,1*51 

761 

761 

5,233 

2,362 

2,871 

16,556 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 

TABLE 1. — Medicinal ahemiaals: U.S. production and sales, 1968 — Continued 



m 



Dermatological agents and local anesthetics, total 

Bismuth subgallate 

Lidocaine 

Salicylic acid 

All other 



Expectorants and mucolytic agents, total - 

Ethylenediainine dihydriodide 

Guaiacol and its derivatives 

All other 



Gastrointestinal agents, total 

Choleretics and hydrocholeretics 

Choline chloride (all grades) 

Methionine and its hydroxy analogue- 
Other gastrointestinal agents 



Hematological agents , total - 

Sodium heparin 

All other 



Hormones and synthetic substitutes, total — 

Corticosteroids 

Synthetic hypoglycemic agents 

Other hormones and synthetic substitutes- 



Renal-acting and edema-reducing agents, total 

Mercurial diuretics 

Theobromine and theophylline derivatives, total - 

Aminophylline 

All other 

Other renal-acting and edema-reducing agents 



Therapeutic nutrients, total — 

Amino acids and salts 

Calcium gluconate 

Other therapeutic nutrients- 



Vitamins , total 

Vitamin A alcohol and esters, total '^ 

Vitamin A palmitate (feed grade) 

All other 

Vitamin B-complex, total 

Cyanocobalarain (all grades)'^ 

Niacin (all grades) : 

Niacinamide 

Pantothenic acid and derivatives, total 

Calcium pantothenate (racemic) (feed grade )- 

All other 

Riboflavin (all grades) 

Other B-complex vitamins 



1,000 
lounds 



pou; 



13,336 



32 

28 

11,562 

1,91^* 

l,9hl 



972 

U8,0!*2 



3U,978 

10,11*7 

2,827 

30 



1,61*7 



1,1*36 
l66 



7 

109 

37 

72 

1,373 

1,71*7 



371 
511 



16,982 



,186 
873 
313 

,232 
3 

,066 
805 

,528 
969 
559 
951 
879 



Quantity 



1^000 
pounds 



7,233 



26 
9 
5,737 

1,1*61 

2,01*8 



1,198 

35,195 



23,383 

10,196 

1,616 



358 



1,665 



519 
31*0 



12,321* 



829 

573 

256 

1*,996 

3 

802 
1,107 
582 
525 
928 
2,156 



1,000 
do I lavs 



l*,l'7l 



137 

181* 

2,152 

1,998 

3,1*71 



1,350 
2,121 

13,161 



3,51*7 
6,615 
2,999 

1,502 



1,161 
31*1 



18.263 



l,0l*5 
17,218 



21*1 



1,872 



1,129 
335 
1*08 

67,939 



18,593 
10,239 

8,351* 
25,51*1* 

9,213 

1,526 
2,909 
1,356 
1,553 
6,11*5 
5,751 



See footnotes at end of table. 



112 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 1. — Medicinal chemicals: U.S. production and sales, li 



Production 



Unit 
value ^ 



2,000 
pounds 



Vitamins — Continued 

Vitamin C, total 

Ascorbic acid 

All other 

Vitamin Da (Ergocalciferol) ^^ 

Vitamin e' ^ 

Vitamin K: Menadione sodium bisulfite- 
Other vitamins : 

Miscellaneous medicinal chemicals 



8,560 
6,712 
1,81*8 



ll)9 
86 

2,315 



5,859 

U,291 

1,568 

1 

5lt2 

23 

1,111 



9,925 
6,7911 
3,131 

210 
10,l43lt 

611* 
2,619 

32,370 



$1.69 

1.58 

2.00 

210.00 

19.25 

8.30 

113.87 

29.lli 



' The data on production and sales are for bulk medicinal chemicals only; they exclude finished preparations 
and dosage-form products, which are manufactured from bulk chemicals. All quantities are given in terras of 
100? active ingredient. 

^ Calculated from rounded figures . 

' The term "benzenoid," as used in this report, describes any cyclic medicinal chemical whose molecule 
contains either a six-membered carbocyclic ring with conjugated double bonds (e.g., the benzene ring or the 
quinone ring) or a six-membered heterocyclic ring with 1 or 2 hetero atoms and conjugated double bonds, except 
the pyrimidine ring (e.g., the pyridine ring or the pyrazine ring). 

'' Includes antibiotics of unknown structure. 

^ With the exception of bacitracin, the penicillins, and a few other antibiotics which were reported in terms 
of U.S. P. units, all quantities for antibiotics were reported as grams of antibiotic base. (Thus production 
of 1»80,900 grams of tetracycline hydrochloride, for example, would have been reported as hk'k,h'iO grams of 
tetracycline base.) For inclusion in the main statistical table, all quantities were converted from grams of 
antibiotic base to pounds of antibiotic base (lt53.6 grams = 1 pound) or from U.S. P. units to pounds (22.7 
million units of bacitracin, 1*58 million units of procaine penicillin G, 723 million units of potassium peni- 
cillin G, etc. = 1 pound). The following tabulation shows statistics for all individually publishable anti- 
biotics in terms of kilograms of antibiotic base (Kg.) or billions of U.S. P. units (BU) : 



Antibiotic 



Bacitracin, total 

For medicinal use- 
For other uses 



Heomycin, for all uses- 



Penicillins , total 

Penicillin G, potassium, for medicinal use- 
Penicillin G, procaine, for all uses 

Semi-synthetic penicillins, for medicinal 

use , total 

Ampicillin 

Dicloxacillin, sodiimi 

All other 

All other penicillins , for all uses 



Tetracyclines , for all uses- 



Unit of 

quantity 



-Kg- 



Production 



21k 



371 
5,903 

lltl,312 

2,'t73.l89 



1,130,993 
825,082 

262,981* 

191*, 138 

ll*,101 

5't,7lt5 

25lt,130 

1,273,1*81* 



Sales 



5,81*1* 



237 
5,607 



3'*,25l* 
930,133 



579,210 



350,923 
388,810 



1*,963 



Unit 
value 



$81*9.25 



1*,069 
1,1*51 
33,1*27 



9,981 



23,1*1*6 
19,913 



3,772.15 
725.70 



1*2.36 
35.91* 



17.23 



66.81 
51.22 



Because of a clerical error, the quantities and unit value for medicinal grade bacitracin shown in the 1967 
report were incorrect. Production should have been shown as 9,000 pounds (203 billion units); sales should 
have been shown as 9,000 pounds (211 billion units); and the average unit value of sales shoiild have been 
$107.67 per pound ($1*, 592. 1*2 per billion units). 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



113 



Footnotes for table 1 — Continued 

' Total production of all penicillins, for all uses, amounted to 1*, 113, 000 pounds; sales amounted to 1,775,000 
pounds, valued at $33,1(27,000. 

^ The p-hydroxybenzoic acid esters formerly reported as antifungal agents have been transferred to the report 
on Miscellaneous Chemicals. 

' Production of rauwolfia and veratrum alkaloids amounted to 363 pounds. 

^° Includes 2 or more of the following 6 drugs which are subject to Federal control under the Drug Abuse 
Control Act: Chlordiazepoxide hydrochloride, diazepam, ethchlorvynol , ethinamate, glutethimide, and 
methyprylon. U.S. production of these 6 drugs amounted to 56l thousand pounds in 1968. 

" Sunscreens, which were formerly reported as dermatological agents, have been transferred to the report 
on Miscellaneous Chemicals. 

'^ All quantities for vitamins A, B12, D, and E were reported in terms of grams or units, but were converted 
to pounds for inclusion in the main statistical table (1.317 billion units of vitamin A acetate, 0.824 billion 
units of vitamin A palmitate, U53.6 grams of vitamins B12, l8.llt billion units of vitamin D, 617,000 units of 
d-alpha tocopheryl acetate, h'yh,OQO units of dl-alpha tocopheryl acetate, etc. = 1 pound). The following tab- 
ulation shows statistics for these vitamins, except for D3, which was not separately publishable, in terms of 
grams, millions of international units (MU), or billions of U.S. P. units (BU): 



Unit of 
quantity 



Production 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 



Vitamin A alcohol and esters, total 

Vitamin A palmitate (feed grade) 

All other 



1,063,766 



Vitamin B12 ( Cyanocobalamin ) - 
Vitamin D2 (Ergocalciferol)-- 
Vitamin E 



719,141*7 
3ltlt,319 

1,152,000 

21,60lt 

!*li*,l63 



7140,231 



1*72,099 
268,132 

1,356,000 

22,600 

305,161* 



18,593 



$25.12 



10,239 
8,351* 

9,213 

210 

10,1*31* 



21.69 
31.16 

6.7? 

9.29 

3l*.l9 



'^ Includes production and sales of antineoplastic agents, diagnostic agents, smooth-muscle relaxants, and 
unclassified medicinal chemicals; also includes sales of all other cardiovascular agents. 



U4 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



TABLK 2.— Medicinal ohemiaals: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968 



[Medicinal chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an asterisk 
(*); medicinal chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted 
in confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken 
from the Appendix, tables 1 and 2. An x signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to his identi- 
fication with the designated product.] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



*Antibiotics : 

*For medicinal use: 

•Antifungal and antitubercular antibiotics: 
Antifungal antibiotics: 

Amphotericin B- 

Candicidin 

Nystatin 

Antitubercular antibiotics: 

Cycloserine 

Dihydrostreptomycin 

Streptomycin 

Viomycin 

*Bacitracin 

•Penicillin G, potassium 

*Semi-synthetic penicillins: 

*Ampicillin 

*Dicloxacillin, sodiim 

*Other semi-synthetic penicillins: 

Ampicillin , sodiimi 

Cloxacillin , sodium 

Hetacillin 

Methicillin, sodium 

Naf cillin , sodium 

Oxacillin , sodium 

Phenethicillin, potassiimi 

•Other antibiotics for medicinal use: 

Cephaloridine 

Cephalothin , sodium 

Chloramphenicol 

Erythromycin 

Fumagillin 

Gentamycin 

Gramicidin 

Kanamycin 

Lincomycin 

Neomycin 

Movobiocin 

Oleandomycin 

Paromomycin 

Penicillins : 

Penicillin G, benzathine 

Penicillin G, procaine 

Penicillin G, sodium 

Penicillin 0, sodium 

Phenoxymethylpenicillin (Penicillin V)- 

Phenoxymethylpenicillin, benzathine 

Phenoxymethylpenicillin , hydrabamine 

Phenoxymethylpenicillin, potassium 

Polymyxin B 

Spectinomycin 

Tetracyclines : 

Chlortetracycline 

Demeclocycline 

Doxycycline 

Methacycline 

Oxytetracycline 

Tetracycline 



COM. 








MRK, 


PFZ. 






LIL, 


MRK, 


PFZ. 




PFZ. 








COM, 


PEN, 


PFZ, 


PMP 


LIL, 


OMS, 


PFZ, 


WYT 


BEE, 


BRS, 


WYT. 




BEE, 


BRS, 


WYT. 




OMS. 








BEE, 


BRS. 






BRS. 








BRS. 








WYT. 








BRS. 








BRS, 


PFZ. 






LIL. 








LIL. 








PD, 


RLS. 






ABB, 


LIL. 






ABB. 








SCH. 









I X- 



OMS, 


PEN, 


PFZ, 


UPJ 


MRK, 


UP J. 






PFZ. 








MRK. 








WYT. 








LIL, 


OMS, 


PFZ, 


WYT 


OMS. 








PFZ. 








LIL. 








WYT. 








ABB. 








ABB, 


LIL, 


OMS. 




PFZ. 








ABB. 








ACY, 


RLS. 






ACY. 








PFZ. 








PFZ. 








PFZ, 


RLS. 






ACY, 


BRS, 


PFZ, 


RLS 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 

TABLK 2.— Medicinal chemicals: Manufacturers' identific^ation codes. 

Continued 



115 



products, 1968- 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



*Antibiotics — Continued 

*For medicinal use — Continued 

*Other antibiotics for medicinal use — Continued 

Thiostrepton 

Troleandomycin 

Tyrothricln 

Vancomycin 

*For other uses : 

•Bacitracin 

Chlortetracycline 

Cycloheximide 

Hygromycin B 

Neomycin 

Novobiocin 

Oxytetracycline 

Penicillin G, benzathine 

Penicillin G, procaine 

Streptomycin 

Tylosin 

•Antihistamines : 
*Antinauseants : 

Cyclizine hydrochloride 

Dimenhydrinate 

Meclizine hydrochloride 

Trimethobenzamide hydrochloride 

Bromodiphenhydr amine hydrochloride 

Brompheniramine maleate 

Carbinoxamine 

Chlorcyclizine hydrochloride 

Chlorothen citrate 

•Chlorpheniramine maleate 

Cyproheptadine hydrochloride 

Dexbrompheniramine maleate 

Dexchlorpheniramine maleate 

Diphenhydramine hydrochloride 

Doxylamine succinate 

Methapyrilene fumarate 

Methapyrilene hybenzate 

Methapyrilene hydrochloride 

Phenindamine tartrate 

Pheniramine maleate 

Phenyltoloxamine citrate 

Pyrilamine maleate 

Pyrilamine resin adsorbate 

PyrrobutaJoine phosphate 

Thenyldiamine hydrochloride 

Thonzylamine hydrochloride 

Tripelenn amine 

Tripelennamine citrate 

Tripelennamine hydrochloride 

Triprolidine hydrochloride 

*Anti-infective agents (except antibiotics): 
•Arsenic, bismuth, and mercury compounds: 

Arsanilic acid 

Bismuth dipropylacetate 

Bismuth sodium triglycollamate 

Bismuth subsalicylate 

Carbarsone 



QMS. 
PFZ. 



COM, 


DLI, GPR, 


PEN, 


PMP. 


ACY. 








UP J. 








LIL. 








PEN, 


PFZ. 






UPJ. 








PFZ. 








WYT. 








LIL, 


MRK, OMS. 






LIL, 


MRK, PFZ. 






LIL. 








BUH. 








HEX, 


SRL. 






PFZ. 








HOF. 








PD. 








SCH. 








SCH. 








ABB, 


BUR. 






ACY. 








HEX, 


LEM, RLS, 


SCH, 


SK, X 


MRK. 








SCH. 








SCH. 








GAN, 


PD, RLS. 






BKC. 









HOF. 






HEX, 


LEM, 


SCH, X. 


BRS. 






HEX, 


MRK, 


FSA. 


MRK. 






LIL. 






SDW. 






NEP. 






CBP. 






CBP. 






CBP, 


X. 




BUR. 






SAL, 


WHL. 




X. 






BPC. 






MAL, 


NOR, 


PEN. 


LIL, 


PYL, 


VfflL. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



116 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



TABLE 2. — Medicinal chemicals: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, li. 

Continued 



*Anti-infectlve agents (except antibiotics) — Continued 

*Arsenic, bismuth, and mercury compounds — Continued 

Glycobiarsol 

Merbrorain 

Mercur i c s ali cylat e 

Nitarsone 

Nitromersol 

Nitromersol chloride 

Phenylmercuric benzoate 

Phenylmercuric borate 

Phenylmercuric chloride 

Phenylmercuric nitrate 

Roxarsone 

Roxarsone sodium 

Sodium arsanilate 

*Thimerosal 

*Phenolic antiseptics and disinfectants: 

Betanaphthol ' 

Bithionol 

Resorc inol 

Thymol 

Thymol iodide 

*Piperazine base and saJ-ts : 

*Piperazine' 

Piperazine adipate 

Piperazine citrate 

Piperazine dihydrochloride 

Piperazine dithiocarbamate 

Piperazine hexaliydrate 

Piperazine hydrochloride 

Piperazine phosphate 

Piperazine sulfate 

Piperazine tartrate 

*Quinoline derivatives : 

Amodiaquin 

Amodiaquin hydrochloride 

Buquinolate 

Chloroquine phosphate 

*Diiodohydroxyquin 

Hydroxychloroquine sulfate 

8-Hydroxy-5-quinolinesulfonic acid 

lodochlorhydroxyquin 

Oxyquinoline 

*Oxyquinoline benzoate 

Oxyquinoline citrate 

Oxyquinoline sulfate 

Primaquine phosphate 

*Sulf onamides : 

Acetyl sulfamethoxypyridazine 

Acetyl sulfisoxazole 

Dinsed — 

Mafenide acetate 

Mafenide hydrochloride 

Phthalylsulfacetamide 

*Phthalylsulfathiazole 

Succinylsulfathiazole 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



PYL, 


SDW. 








HYN. 










MRK. 










SAL. 










ABB. 










ABB. 










MRK. 










MRK. 










MRK. 










MRK. 










SAL. 










SAL. 










PYL, 


SAL. 








LIL, 


MED, 


PYL, 


SEL. 




ACY. 










SDH. 










KPT, 


LEM. 








GIV. 










MAL. 










DOW, 


FLM, 


JCC, 


UCC. 




JCC, 


PYL. 








BUR, 


JCC. 








DOW, 


FLM, 


JCC, 


WHL. 




SEL. 










JCC. 










DOW, 


JCC, 


SEL. 






BUR, 


JCC, 


PYL, 


SEL. 




JCC. 










PYL. 










PD. 










PD. 










UOP. 










SDW. 










CBP, 


FIN, 


LEM, 


PYL, RSA, SRL 


SDW. 










MRK. 










CBP, 


PYL. 








LEM, 


MRK. 








FIS, 


LEM, 


MRK. 






FIS. 










FIS, 


LEM, 


MRK, 


PYL. 




PD, 


SDW. 








ACY. 










HOF. 










SAL. 










SDW. 










SDW. 










LEM, 


PYL. 








LEM, 


MRK, 


PYL. 






LEM, 


MRK. 









See footnotes at end of table. 



TABLE 2.— Medicinal chemicals 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 

Manufacturers' identification codes, by product, IS 
Continued 



117 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



*Anti-infective agents (except antibiotics) — Continued 
*Sulfonamides — Continued 

Sulfabenzamide 

Sulf abenzamide , sodium 

Sulf abromomethazine , sodium 

Sulfacetamide 

Sulfacetamide , sodium 

Sulf achloropyr idazine , sodium 

Sulf achloropyrazine , sodiim 

Sulfadiazine 

Sulfadiazine , sodium 

Sulfadimethoxine 

Sulfaethidole 

Sulfaguanidine 

Sulfamerazine 

Sxilf amerazine , sodium 

Sulfamethazine 

Sulfamethazine , sodium 

Sulfamethizole 

Sulfamethoxazole 

Sulfamethoxypyridazine 

Sulfanilamide 

Sulfanitran 

*Sialfapyridine 

Sulf apyridine , sodium 

Sulfaquinoxaline 

Sulfathiazole 

Sulf athiazole , sodium 

Sulfisoxazole 

Sulf isoxazole , sodium 

*Other anti-infective agents: 

*Anthelmintic agents : j 

Cadmium anthranilate ! 

2,2-Dichlorovinyl dimethyl phosphate 

Diethylcarbamazine citrate 

Gentian violet 

Hexylresorcinol 

Phenothiazine 

Pyrvinium pamoate 

Thiabendazole 

*Antibacterial agents and general antiseptics: 
*Antileprotic and antitubercular agents : 

Aminosalicylic acid MLS, PD. 

Dapsone sDV '. 

Ethionamide PDA . 

Isoniazid PIL . 

Potassium aminosalicylate 1 MLS. 

Pyrazinamide MRK. 

Sodium aminosalicylate MLS. 

Sodium sulfoxone ABB. 

*Urinary antiseptics: 

Calcium mandelate MAL. 

Ethoxazene hydrochloride KON. 

Mandelic acid MAL. 

Methenamine HN . 



ACY. 






ACY. 






MRK. 






CTN, 


LEM. 




LEM. 






CBP. 






ACY. 






ACY. 






ACY. 






HOP. 






ACY. 






ACY. 






ACY, 


CTN, 


LEM 


ACY, 


CTN. 




ACY, 


CTN, 


LEM 


CTN. 






ACY, 


CTN. 




HOP. 






ACY. 






LEM, 


MRK, 


SAL 


SAL. 






ACY, 


CTN, 


MRK 


ACY. 






MRK. 






ACY, 


LEM, 


MRK 


ACY, 


MRK. 




HOP. 






HOP. 






MAL. 






SHC. 






ACY. 






ACS, 


SDH. 




HEX, 


MRK. 




CLV, 


ISC. 





118 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. — Medicinal chemicals: Manufaatupers ' identification codes, by products, li 

Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



*Anti-lnfective agents (except antibiotics) — Continued 
*Other anti-infective agents — Continued 
•Antibacterial agents and general anti- 
septics — Continued 
*Urinary antiseptics — Continued 
*Methenamine salts : 

Methenamine hippurate 

Methenamine mandelate 

Methenamine sulfosalicylate 

Methylene blue 

Nitrofurantoin 

Phenazopyridlne hydrochloride 

*Other antibacteriaJ. agents and general anti- 
septics : 

Acriflavine 

Aminacrine 

Aminacrine hydrochloride 

Benzalkonium chlor i de 

Bromoform 

Camphor , monobromated 

Cetalkonium chloride 

Cetylpyridinium chloride 

Chloramine T 

Chlorobutanol 

Iodoform^ 

Nalidixic acid 

Nifuraldezone 

Nitrofurazone 

Oxolinic acid 

Povidone - iodine complex 

•Antifungal agents : 

Benzoic acid 

Calc ium undecylenate 

Fuchsin , basic 

Salicylanilide 

Sodium caprylate — 

Sodium undecylenate 

Undecyleni c ac i d 

Zinc imdecylenate 

*Antiprotozoan agents : 

Aklomide 

Aminitrozole 

Amproliimi 

Chlorbetamide 

3,5-Dinitro-o-toluamide 

Furazolidone 

Metronidazole 

Nihydrazone 

Nithiazide 

Nitromide 

Pyrimethamine 



RIK. 

ABN, LEM, NEP, PYL. 

X. 

ACS, ACY. 

NOR. 

HOF, KON, NEP. 



ACS. 

SDW. 

SDW. 

SDH. 

DOW. 

MAL, PEN. 

FIN, SDW. 

FIN, HEX, NEP. 

MON. 

BPC, PD. 

MAL, PEN. 

SDH. 

NOR. 

NOR. 

NEP. 

GAF. 

MON, PFZ. 

WTL. 

ACS. 

LEM. 

LEM. 

BAC. 

BAC, CFC. 

BAC, LEM, WTL. 

SAL. 
ACY. 
MRK. 
SDW. 
DOW. 
NOR. 
RDA. 
NOR. 
MRK. 
SAL. 
BUB. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



TABLE 2. — Medicinal chemiaals 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 

' Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- 
Continued 



U9 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



•Autonomic drugs: 

•Parasympatholytic (anticholinergic) agents 
(except tropane derivatives): 
•Quaternary ammonium compounds : 

Amhutonium bromide 

Diphemanil methylsulfate 

Hexocyclium methylsulfate 

Isopropamide iodide 

Mepenzolate bromide 

Methantheline bromide 

Pipenzolate bromide 

Propantheline bromide 

Thihexinol methylbromide 

Tridihexethyl iodide 

•Tertiary amines: 

Adiphenine hydrochloride 

Caramiphen edisylate 

Dicyclomine hydrochloride 

Orphenadrine citrate 

Orphenadrine hydrochloride 

Oxyphencyclimine hydrochloride 

Piper idolate hydrochloride 

Thiphenamil hydrochloride 

Tr ihexypheni dyl hydrochloride 

•Sympathomimetic (adrenergic) agents: 

Arterenol hydrochloride (racemic) 

Cyclopentamine hydrochloride 

Epinephrine bi tartrate (levo) 

•Epinephrine hydrochloride (racemic)- 

Isoproterenol hydrochloride 

Levarterenol bi tart rate 

Methoxyphenamine hydrochloride 

Naphazoline hydrochloride 

Nordefrin hydrochloride 

Kylidrin hydrochloride 

Phenylephrine 

Phenylephrine bi tartrate 

Phenylephrine hydrochloride 

•Phenylpropanolamine hydrochloride 

Propylhexedrine 

Protokylol hydrochloride 

Pseudoephedrine hydrochloride 

Pseudoephedrine sulfate 

Tetrahydrozoline hydrochloride 

•other autonomic drugs : 

Ganglionic blocking agents: 

Hexamethonium chloride 

Tetraethylammonium chloride 

Parasympatholytic tropane derivatives: 

Anisotropine methylbromide 

Benztropine mesylate 

Homatropine 

Homatropine hydrobromide 

Homatropine methylbromide 



BJL, 


ICO. 


SCH. 




ABB. 




SK. 




LKL. 




SRL. 




LKL. 




SRL. 




SCH. 




ACY. 




CBP. 




SK. 




BKC. 




RIK. 




RIK. 




PFZ. 




LKL. 




BJL. 




ACY, 


SDW. 


SDW. 




LIL. 




SDW. 




ECL, 


VB, X. 


SDW. 




SDW. 




X. 




CBP. 




SDW. 




BKL. 




GAM, 


SDW. 


GAN. 




CTN, 


GAM, HEX, ORT, SDW 


BKL, 


GAM, ICO, MEP, ORT 


HEX, 


SK. 


LKL. 




BUR, 


GAM. 


GAN. 




PFZ. 




RSA. 




RSA. 





CTN. 

CTW, HEX. 
CTN, HEX. 



120 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



TABLE 2. — Medicinal chemicals : Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- 

Contlnued 



*Autonomic drugs — Continued 

*Other autonomic drugs — Continued 

Parasympathomimetic (cholinergic) agents: 

Acetylcholine chloride 

Methacholine chloride 

Neostigmine bromide 

Physostigmine salicylate 

Pyridostigmine bromide 

Sympatholytic (antiadrenergic) agent: Ergono- 
vine maleate. 
*Cardiovascular agents : 
*Cardiac drugs : 

Calcium camphorsulfonate 

Procainamide hydrochloride 

Qiiinidine gluconate 

Quinidine sulfate 

Sodiian camphorsulfonate 

*Rauwolfia and veratrum alkaloids: 

Alkavervir 

Alseroxylon 

Reserpine 

Raunormine 

Syrosingopine 

*Other cardiovascular agents : 

Antihypertensive agents (except rauwolfia and 
veratrum alkaloids): 

Guanethidine sulfate 

Hydralazine hydrochloride 

Methyldopa 

Pargyline hydrochloride 

Bioflavonoids : 

Hesperidin 

Hesperidin methyl chalcone 

Lemon bioflavonoid 

Waringin 

Rutin 

Sclerosing agent; Sodium morrhuate 

Vasodilators; 

Dioxyline phosphate 

Ethyl nitrite 

Glyceryl trinitrate 

Isosorbide dinitrate 

Mannitol hexanitrate 

Nicotinyl alcohol tartrate 

Pentaerythritol tetranitrate 

*Central depressants and stimulants : 
*Amphetamines : 

*Amphetamine base and sulfate (racemic): 

Amphetamine (racemic) 

Amphetamine sulfate (racemic) 

Dextroamphetamine 

Dextroamphetamine carboxymethylcellulose 

Dextroamphetamine hydrochlor i de 

Dextroamphetamine phosphate 

Dextroamphetamine sulfate 

Dextroamphetamine tannate 

Levamphetamine succinate 

Methamphetamine ( dextro ) 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



MRK. 

MRK, RSA. 
HEX, HOP. 
PEN. 
HOP. 
LIL. 



FIN. 

LEM, QMS. 
HEX. 
HEX. 
FIN. 

RIK. 
RIK. 
PEN. 
PEN. 
GBP. 



CBP. 
CBP. 
MRK. 
ABB. 

SKG. 
SKG. 
SKG. 
SKG. 
PEN. 
MED. 

LIL. 
MAL. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
HOP. 
APD. 



HEX, ORT. 

ARM, HEX, SK. 

HEX. 

ARN. 

ARN, HEX. 

ARN. 

ARN, HEX, SK. 

ARN. 

ARN. 

HEX. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 

TABLE 2. — Medicinal ohemiaals ■. Manufacturers' identification 

Continued 



121 



codes, by products, li 



"Centred depressants and stimiilants — Continued 
"Amphetamines — Continued 

Methamphetamine (levo) 

Methamphetamine (racemic ) 

"Methamphetamine hydrochloride (dextro) 

Methamphetamine hydrochloride (racemic) 

"Analgesics and antipyretics: 

"Aspirin 

"Salicylates (except aspirin): 

Aluminum aspirin 

Magnesium salicylate 

Phenyl salicylate 

Potassium sali cylat e 

Salicylamide 

Salicylsalicylic acid 

Sodium salicylate 

Strontium salicylate 

"Other analgesics and antipyretics: 

Acetaminophen 

p-Aminobenzoic acid and salts : 

Aminobenzoic acid 

Calcium aminobenzoate 

Magnesium aminobenzoate 

Potassium aminobenzoate 

Sodium aminobenzoate 

Anileridine hydrochloride 

Calciimi succinate 

Colchicine 

Ethoheptazine c itrate 

Indomethacin 

Mefenamic acid 

Meperidine hydrochloride 

Methadone hydrochloride 

Oxycodone hydrochloride 

Oxyphenbutazone 

Pentazocine 

Pentazocine hydrochloride 

Phenac et in 

Phenylbutazone 

Phenyramidol hydrochloride 

Propoxyphene hydrochloride 

"Antidepressants : 

Amltriptyline 

Des ipramine hydrochlor i de 

Imipramine hydrochloride 

Nialamide 

Nortriptyline 

Phenelzine sulfate 

Protriptyline 

"Ant itus s i ve s : 

Benzonatate 

Carbetapentane citrate 

Chlophedianol hydrochloride 

Codeine 

Dextromethorphan hydrobromide 

Dimethoxanate hydrochloride 

Ethylmorphine hydrochloride 

"Hydrocodone bi tartrate 

Thebaine 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



ABB, HEX. 

HEX. 

ARN, CAN, HEX. 

ARN, HEX. 

DOW, MLS, MON, NOR, SDG. 

ABB, SCH. 
MAL. 

DOW, MAL. 
HH, PEN. 
CFG, x. 
CFC, HN. 
DOW, HM. 
CFC. 

ATP, MLS, NEP, X. 

LEM. 

GAH. 

LEM. 
JGAN, LEM. 

GAN, LEM. 

MRK. 

LEM. 

PEN. 
I WYT. 
I MRK. 

PD. 

SDW, WYT. 
I LIL. 
i EN. 
JGGY. 
I SDW. 
I SDW. 

MON. 

GGY. 
jOTC. 

LIL. 

MRK. 
LKL. 
GGY. 
PFZ. 
LIL. 
NEP. 
MRK. 

CBP. 

PFZ. 

RIK. 

MRK. 

HOF. 

BKL. 

MAL, MRK. 

MAL, MRK, PEN. 

MRK. 



122 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



TABLE 2. — Medicinal chemicals : Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, li 

Continued 



*Central depressants and stimulants — Continued 

*Barbiturates : 

Allylbarbituric acid 

Allylbarbituric acid, sodium 

5-Allyl-5-(2-cyclopenten-l-yl)barbituric acid- 

Amobarbital 

Amobarbital , sodium 

Barbital 

Barbital , sodium 

Butabarbital 

Butabarbital , sodium 

Cyclobarbital 

Cyclobarbital , calcium 

Hexobarbital 

Hexobarbital , sodium 

Mephobarbital 

Metharbital 

Methohexital , sodium 

Pentobarbital 

Pentobarbital , sodium 

Phenobarbital 

*Phenobarbital , sodixmi — 

Sec obarb it al 

Secobarbital, sodium 

Talbutal 

Thiamylal , sodium 

Thiopental , sodium 

Vinbarbital 

*Hypnotics and sedatives (except barbiturates): 

Carbromal 

Ethchlorvynol 

Ethinamate 

Glutethimide 

Mecloqualone 

Methyprylon 

•Skeletal muscle relaxants : 

Carisoprodol 

Chlorphenesin carbamate 

Mephenesin 

Mephenesin carbamate ~ 

Phenaglycodol 

Styramate . 

*Succinylcholine chloride 

Tubocurarine 

"Tranquilizers : 

Azacyclonol hydrochloride 

Bucli zine hydrochloride 

Chlordiazepoxide hydrochloride 

Chlormezanone 

Chlorprothixene 

Diazepam 

Ethomoxane hydrochlor i de 

Hydr oxyphenamat e 

Hydroxyzine hydrochloride 

Hydroxyzine pamoate 

Mebutamate 

*Meprobamate ~ 

Methaqualone 

Oxazepam 



Manufactiirers ' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



GAH. 

GAM. 

GAN. 

LIL. 

GAN, LIL. 

GAN. 

GAN. 

ABB, GAN. 

ABB, BPC, GAN. 

SDW. 

SDW. 

GAN, SDW. 

SDW. 

SDW. 

ABB. 

LIL. 

ABB, GAN. 

ABB, GAN, PD. 

GAN, MAL. 

GAN, MAL, SDW. 

GAN. 

GAN, LIL. 

SDW. 

PD. 

ABB. 



iPD. 
j ABB. 
I LIL. 
I CBP. 
j NEP. 
j HOF. 

I BKL. 
! UPJ. 
■ BKL, HEX, QMS. 

QMS. 

LIL. 

ARP. 

ABB, BUR, SDW. 



BKC. 

PFZ. 

HOF. 

SDW. 

HOF. 

HOF. 

LIL. 

ARP. 

PFZ. 

PFZ. 

BKL. 

ABB, BKL, X. 

HEX. 

WYT. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 

-Medicinal ahemiaals: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1S68— 
Continued 



123 



*Central depressants and stimulants — Continued 
*Tranquili zers — Continued 

Phenothiazine derivatives : 

Carphenazine maleate 

Chlorpromazine hydrochloride 

Fluphenazine hydrochloride 

Perphenazine 

Prochlorperazine maleate 

Promazine hydrochloride 

Promethazine hydrochloride 

Propiopromazine hydrochloride 

Trifluoperazine hydrochloride 

Tybamate 

*Other central depressants and stimulants: 
Anticonvulsajits : 

Diphenylhydantoin 

Diphenylhydantoin , sodium 

Ethosuximide 

Ethotoin 

Methsuximide 

Phenacemide 

Phensuximide 

General anesthetics : 

Tribromoethanol 

Vinyl ether 

Stimulants : 

Benzphetamine hydrochloride 

Caffeine: 

Natural 

Synthetic 

Caffeine , citrated 

Caffeine sodium benzoate 

Chlorphentermine hydrochloride 

Deanol acetamidobenzoate 

Diethylpropion hydrochloride 

Nikethamide 

Phendimetraz ine tartrate 

Phentermine 

*Dermatological agents and local anesthetics: 

•Bismuth subgallate 

*Lidocaine 

*S^icylic acid' 

*Other dermatological agents and local anesthetics: 
Dermatological agents : 

Allantoin 

Aluminum phenolsulfonate 

Ammonium phenolsulfonate 

Glycol salicylate 

Scarlet red 

Sodium phenolsulfonate 

Zinc phenolsulfonate 

Local anesthetics: 

Butacaine sulfate 

Butamben pi crate 

Butyl aminobenzoate (Butamben) 

Dibucaine 

Dibucaine hydrochloride 

Ethyl aminobenzoate (Benzocaine) 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



WYT. 
SK. 

SCH. 

SCH. 

SK. 

WYT. 

WYT. 

ABB. 

SK. 

BKL. 



PD. 

PD. 

PD. 

ABB. 

PD. 

ABB. 

PD. 

SDW. 
MRK. 

X. 

GNF. 
PFZ. 
MAL. 

GAH, MAL. 
NEP. 
RIK. 
BKC, X. 
CBP. 



HEX. 



BKC, 


MAL, 


PEN 




AST, 


LEM 


RLS 


SDW 


DOW, 


HN, 


MON, 


SDH. 


FIN, 


HFT. 






MAL. 








SAL. 








RDA. 








ACS. 








SAL. 








MAL. 








ABB. 








ABB. 








ABB, 


ICO. 






CBP. 








CBP. 








ABB, 


ICO, 


LFM. 





See footnotes at end of table. 



124 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



TABLE 2.— Medicinal ahemioals : Manufacturers' identification codes, by produces, 1968- 

Continued 



*Dermatological agents and local anesthetics — Continued 
*Other dermatological agents and local 
anesthetics — Continued 
Local anesthetics — Continued 

Isobutyl aminobenzoate 

Oxethazaine 

Phenacaine hydrochloride 

Piperocaine hydrochloride 

Pramoxine hydrochloride 

Procaine hydrochloride 

Proparacaine hydrochloride 

Tetracaine 

Tetracaine hydrochloride 

•Expectorants and mucolytic agents: 

•Ethylenediamine dihydr iodide 

*Guaiacol and its derivatives: 

Glyceryl guaiacolate 

Guaiacol 

Potassium guaiacolsulfonate 

lodinated glycerol 

lodobrassid 

Lobeline sulfate 

Terpin hydrate 

Thonzonium bromide 

•Gastrointestinal agents : 

•Choleretics and hydrocholeretics: 

Bile acids, oxidized 

Dehydrocholic acid 

Florantyrone 

Iron bile salts 

Ox bile extract 

Sodium dehydrocholate 

Tocamphyl 

•Choline chloride (all grades): 

Feed grade 

Medicinal grade 

Technical grade 

•Methionine and its hydroxy analogue: 

Methionine (feed grade) 

Methionine (medicinal grade) 

Methionine, hydroxy analogue, calcium salt 

•other gastrointestinal agents : 

Betaine base 

Betaine hydrochloride 

Calcium polycarbophil 

Choline bicarbonate 

Choline bitartrate 

Choline citrate (Tricholine citrate) 

Choline dihydrogen citrate 

Danthron 

Dihydroxy aluminum aminoacetate 

Magnesium citrate 

Pectin 

Phenolphthalein 

Phenolphthalein , yellow 

Podophyllum 

Polycarbophil 

Sitosterols 

Sodium tartrate 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



ICO. 






WYT. 






GAN, 


SDW. 




LIL. 






ABB. 






ABB, 


LEM, 


PFZ 


OMS. 






SDW. 






SDW. 






CLV, 


ISC, 


WHL 


GAN, 


HEX, 


X. 


MON. 






HN. 







LEM, PEN. 
NEP. 



SRL, WIL. 

WIL. 

SRL. 

LIL. 

ABB. 

WIL. 



COM, DA, DLI, HFT, TMH. 

HFT. 

GAF, RH. 

DOW. 

DOW, LEM. 
DUP, MON. 

HFT, MAL. 

HFT, LEM. 

SCH. 

COM. 

ACY, HFT. 

ACY, HFT. 

ACY, HFT. 

GAF. 

CHT. 

MAL. 

SKG. 

MON. 

SCH. 

ABB, PEN. 

SCH. 

UP J. 

MAL. 



TABLE 2. — Medicinal ahemiaals 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 

Manufaaturers ' identification codes, by products, 1968- 
Continued 



125 



*Hematological agents : 

Aminocaproic acid 

Amnonium heparin 

Anisindione 

Bishydroxycoumarin 

Cellulose , oxidi zed 

Dextran 

Phenindione 

*Sodium heparin 

Sodium warfarin 

*Hormones and synthetic substitutes: 
*Corticosteroids : 

Betamethasone 

Betamethasone acetate 

Betamethasone phosphate 

Betamethasone valerate 

Cortisone 

Cortisone acetate 

Dexamethasone 

Dexamethas one ac etat e 

Dexamethasone phosphate 

Dichlorisone acetate 

Fludrocortisone acetate 

Fluorometholone 

9-Fluoroprednisolone acetate 

Fluprednisolone 

Hydrocortisone 

Hydrocortisone acetate 

Methylprednisolone 

Predni s olone 

Prednisolone acetate 

Prednisone 

Prednisone phosphate 

Triamcinolone 

*Synthetic hypoglycemic agents : 

Acetohexamide 

Chlorpropamide 

Phenformin hydrochloride 

Tolazamide 

Tolbutamide 

*Other hormones and synthetic substitutes: 
Anabolic agents and androgens : 

Fluoxymesterone 

Testosterone cypionate 

Antithyroid agents : 

Methimazole 

Propylthiouracil 

Thiouracil 

Estrogens : 

Chlorotrianisene 

Dienestrol diacetate 

Diethylstilbestrol 

Diethylstilbestrol diphosphate 

Estrogenic substances , conjiogated 

Natural estrogenic substance 

Piperazine estrone sulfate 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



ACY. 




ABB, 


WIL. 


SCH. 




ABB, 


FIN. 


EKT. 




PHR. 




GAN. 




ABB, 


RIK, WIL 


EM. 




SCH. 




SCH. 




SCH. 




SCH. 




UP J. 




MRK, 


UP J. 


MRK, 


SCH. 


SCH. 




MRK. 




SCH. 




UP J. 




UP J. 




UP J. 




UP J. 




MRK, 


PFZ, UPJ 


MRK, 


UP J. 


UP J. 




MRK, 


UPJ. 


SCH, 


UPJ. 


MRK, 


UPJ. 


MRK. 




ACY, 


QMS. 


LIL. 




PFZ. 




BKL. 





HST, X. 



UPJ. 
UPJ. 

LIL. 
ACY. 
ACY. 

BKC. 
SCH. 
CTN, LIL. 

X. 

ORG. 
ORG. 
ABB. 



388-333 O - 70 - 9 



126 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



TABLE 2. — Medicinal chemicals -.Manufacturer's' identification codes, by products, 196 

Continued 



*Hormones and synthetic substitutes — Continued 

*Other hormones and synthetic substitutes — Continued 
Progestogens : 

ll-6-Hydroxy-6a-methylprogesterone 

Medroxyprogesterone acetate 

Progesterone 

Other hormones : 

Corticotropin (ACTH) (pituitary) 

Insulin (pancreas) 

*Renal-acting and edema-reducing agents: 
*Mercurial diuretics: 

Meralluride 

Mersalyl acid 

Sodium mercaptomerin 

*Theobromine and theophylline derivatives: 

Ambuphylline 

*Aminophylline 

Amlnophylline sodiiim biphosphate 

Oxtriphylline 

Theobromine sodium salicylate 

Theophylline sodium glycinate 

*Other renal-acting and edema-reducing agents : 

Acetazolamide 

Benzothiadiazine derivatives : 

Bendroflumethiazide 

Benzthiazide 

Chlorothiazide 

Flumethiazide 

Hydrochlorothiazide 

Methyclothiazide 

Poly thiazide 

Trichlormethiazide 

Chlorthalidone 

Dichlorphenamide 

Ethacrynic acid — «- 

Probenecid 

Spironolactone 

Triamterene 

*Therapeutic nutrients : 
*Amino acids and salts : 

Amino acid mixtures 

Arginine glutamate 

Aspartic acid and salts : 

Aspartic acid 

Magnesium aspartate 

Potassiim aspartate 

Beta-alanine 

Glutamic acid and salts: 

Ammonium glutamate 

Glutamic acid 

Glutamic acid hydrochloride 

Potassium glutamate 

Lysine (feed grade) 

Lysine hydrochloride 

Phenylalanine 

*Calcium gluconate 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



ARE, 


ORG. 


ARP, 


LIL. 


LKL. 




SDW. 




WYT. 




GAN, 


LEM. 


GAN, 


LEM, SRL 


GAH. 




NEP. 




GLY. 




CHT. 





ACY. 

! OMS. 
I PFZ. 
i MRK. 
I OMS. 

I ABB, CBP, MRK. 
I ABB. 
i PFZ. 
i SCH. 
I GGY. 
'; MRK. 
I MRK. 
MRK. 



SRL. 
ACY, SK. 



ABB, 


CUT, 


STA 


ABB. 






HEX. 






WYT. 






WYT. 






DA. 






IMC, 


LEM. 




IMC, 


LEM. 




mc. 


LEM. 




IMC, 


LEM. 




MRK. 






MRK. 






SDW. 






MAL, 


PFZ, 


WHL 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



127 



TABLE 2. — Medicinal ahemiaals : Manufaatufevs' identification codes, by products, 1968- 

Continued 



•Therapeutic nutrients — Continued 
•Other therapeutic nutrients : 

Calcium glucoheptonate 

Calcium levulinate 

Calcium phytate 

Copper gluconate 

Ferrous gluconate 

Fructose 

Liver concentrate 

Liver , desiccated 

Magnesium gluconate 

Manganese gluconate 

Potassium gluconate 

•vitamins : 

•Vitamin A alcohol and esters : 

Vitamin A acetate (feed grade) 

Vitamin A acetate (medicinal grade) 

Vitamin A alcohol 

Vitamin A natural esters 

•Vitamin A palmitate (feed grade) 

Vitamin A palmitate (medicinal grade) 

•Vitamin B-complex: 

•Cyanocobalamin (all grades): 

Cyanocobalamin (feed grade) 

Cyanocobalajnin (medicinal grade) 

Cyanocobalamin (U.S. P. crystalline) 

Cyanocobalamin with intrinsic factor 
concentrate. 
•Niacin (all grades): 

Feed grade 

Medicinal grade 

•Niacinamide 

•Pantothenic acid and derivatives: 

Calcium pantothenate (dextro) 

•Calcium pantothenate (racemic) (feed grade) 

Calcium pantothenate (racemic) (medicinal 

grade ) . 
Calcium pantothenate (racemic) - calcium 
chloride complex. 

Dexpanthenol 

Panthenol (racemic) 

Sodium pantothenate 

•Riboflavin ( all grades ) : 

Feed grade 

Medic inal grade 

•Other B-complex vitamins : 

Biotin 

Folic acid 

Inositol 

Magnesium nicotinate 

Niacinamide hydrochloride 

Pyridoxine 

Riboflavin-5-phosphate, sodium 

Sodium nicotinate 

Thiamine hydrochloride 

Thiamine mononitrate 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



PFN. 

PYL. 

STA. 

PFZ. 

PFZ, SDW. 

DLL 

WIL. 

WIL. 

PFZ. 

PFZ. 

PFZ. 



HOF, PFZ. 

CW, HOF, PFZ. 

CW, HOF, PFZ. 

CW. 

EKT, HOF, PFZ. 

EKT, HOF, PFZ. 



GPR, IMC, MRK, PMP. 

MEK. 

MRK. 

WIL. 



MRK, NEP, RIL. 
DA, MRK, RIL, SCR. 
MRK, NEP, PD, SCR. 



CKL, 


DA, DLI, 


HFT. 


DA. 






CKL, 


DA, HFT. 




HOF. 






HOF, 


PD. 




PD. 






COM, 


DA, GPR, 


HOF, MRK 


HOF, 


MRK. 




HOF. 






ACY. 






STA. 






NEP. 






NEP. 






HOF. 






HOF. 






NEP. 






HOF, 


MRK. 




HOF, 


MRK. 





128 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



TABLE 2. — Medicinal ohemicals ■ Manufacturer's' identification codes, by products, li 

Continued 



*Vitanilns — Continued 
*Vitamin C: 

•Ascorbic acid 

Calcium ascorbate 

Sodium ascorbate 

*Vitamin D2 (Ergocalciferol) 

*Vitamin E: 

d-Alpha tocopherol 

dl-Alpha tocopherol 

d-Alpha tocopheryl acetate 

dl-Alpha tocopheryl acetate 

dl-Alpha tocopheryl acetate (feed grade) — 

d-Alpha tocopheryl acid succinate 

dl-Alpha tocopheryl acid succinate 

•Vitamin K: Menadione sodium bisulfite 

*Other vitamins : 

Beta-carotene (Provitamin A) 

Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3) 

7-Dehydrocholesterol (Provitamin D3) 

Menadiol sodium diphosphate 

Menadione 

Phytonadione (Vitamin Ki) 

•Miscellaneous medicinal chemicals; 
Antineoplastic agents : 

Mercaptopurine 

Thioguanine 

Vinblastine sulfate 

Vincristine sulfate 

Diagnostic agents : 

Roentgenographic contrast media: 

Acetrizoate, sodium 

Diatrizoate, meglumine 

Diatrizoate , sodium 

lodohippurate , sodium 

lodopyracet 

lopanoic acid 

lophendylate 

lothalamate , meglumine 

lothalamate , sodium 

Methiodal , sodium 

Other diagnostic agents : 

Evans blue (blood volume determination)- 
Indocyanine green (cardiac output test)- 

Metyrapone (pituitary function test) 

Smooth muscle relaxants : 

Alverine 

Alverine citrate 

Alverine hydrochloride 

Papaverine hydrochloride 

Sodium benzyl succinate 

Unclassified medicinal chemicals: 

Allopurinol 

Hydrastine hydrochloride 

Penicillamine (copper chelating agent) 



Manuf actvurers ' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



HOP, MRK, 


PPZ 




PFZ. 






HOP, MRK, 


PFZ 




DLI, PHP, 


SCR 


VTM. 


CW, EKT. 






HOP. 






CW, EKT. 






HOF. 






HOP. 






CW, EKT. 






HOF. 






ABB, DA, 


DLI, 


HET, HPT, WHL 


EKT, HOF 






DA, DLI, 


PHF, 


VTM. 


VTM. 






HOF. 






ABB, HET 


HPT 


WHL. 


MRK. 






BUR. 






BUE. 






LIL. 






LIL. 






MAL. 






SDW. 






SDW. 






MAL. 






SDW. 






SDW. 






X. 






MAL. 






MAL. 






SDW. 







CBP. 

CTN. 
CTN. 
CTN. 

LIL, MRK. 
LM. 

BUR. 
PEN. 
MRK. 



1 For producers of the technical grade, see report on cyclic intermediates. 
* For producers of the t'^chnical grade, see report on miscellaneous chemicals. 



FLAVOR AND PERFUMIi MATERIALS 129 



Flavor and perfume materials are organic chemicals used to impart 
flavors and odors to foods, beverages, cosmetics, and soaps. These 
aromatic chemicals are also utilized to neutralize or mask unpleasant 
odors in industrial processes and products as well as in consumer 
products. 

Total domestic production of flavor and perfume materials in 
1968 amounted to 117.5 million pounds, or 5.3 percent more than the 
111.5 million pounds produced in 1967 (table 1). Sales of these 
materials in 1968 amounted to 108.8 million pounds, valued at $97.3 
million, compared with 96.6 million pounds, valued at $93.4 million 
in 1967. 

Production of cyclic flavor and perfume materials in 1968 
amounted to 60.3 million pounds; sales amounted to 49.7 million pounds, 
valued at $52.4 million. The individual chemical in the cyclic group 
produced in the greatest volume in 1967 again was benzyl alcohol 
(5.8 million pounds). Production of synthetic sweeteners amounted to 
19.7 million pounds in 1968, compared with 17.5 million pounds in 1967. 

U.S. output of acyclic flavor and perfume materials in 1968 
amounted to 57.2 million pounds; sales of these materials amounted to 
59.1 million pounds, valued at $44.8 million. Monosodium glutamate 
was by far the most important of the acyclic chemicals, and the 
individual flavor and perfume chemical produced in the greatest volume; 
output of this chemical totaled 47.7 million pounds in 1968, compared 
with 45.2 million pounds in 1967. 

Information on 1968 production, sales (quantity and total value), 
and unit value of sales of the individual products covered by this 
report is given in table 1. Table 2 lists all flavor and perfume 
materials for which data on production and sales were reported and 
identifies the manufacturer of each. Table 3 of the Appendix includes 
imports of these products during 1967 and 1968. 



130 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 1. — Flavor and perfume materials: U.S. produation and sales, 1968 



[Listed below are all synthetic organic flavor and perfume materials for which any reported data on production 
or sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not 
be published or where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists all flavor and perfune materials for vihic'^ -"ata 
on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacture of each] 



Sales 



Unit 
value' 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
do I lavs 



Grand total 

FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC 

Total 

Benzenoid and Naphthalenoid 

Total 

4-Allyl-2-methoxyphenol (Eugenol) 

4- Ally 1-1, 2- (me thy I enedioxy) -benzene (Safrole)-- 

p-Anis aldehyde 

Anisyl acetate 

Benzophenone^ 

Benzyl acetate 

Benzyl alcohol' 

Benzyl benzoate 

Benzyl butyrate 

Benzyl cinnamate 

Benzyl , ether 

Benzyl pheny lace t ate 

Benzyl propionate 

Benzyl salicylate 

Cinnamyl acetate 

Cinnamyl alcohol 

Cinnamyl anthranilate 

Cinnamyl propionate 

Hydrocoumarin 

Isobutyl pheny lacet ate 

Isobutyl salicylate 

Isopentyl salicylate 

2-Me thoxy- 4-propeny Ipheno 1 ( I soeugeno I) 

Methyl anthranilate 

a-Methylcinnamaldehyde 

Methyl cinnamate 

Methyl salicylate 

a-Pentylcinnamaldehyde 

2-Phenethyl phenyl acetate 

p-Propenylanisole (Anethole) 

Sweeteners , synthetic 

p-Tolualdehyde 

p-Tolyl acetate (p-Cresyl acetate) 

All other benzenoid and naphthalenoid materials- 



60,271 



50,862 



325 
,173 

245 
,616 
,818 

570 



2 
283 
222 



72 
778 
132 



,434 
470 



,273 
,661 



42,708 



40,700 



1,537 
6,741 



359 
S 

165 
I 



582 

126 

266 

12 

75 

4,819 

426 

17 

2,472 

13,995 



714 
37 



674 
;,735 



23 

15 

7 

16 

457 

12 

230 

5 

10 

109 

25 

44 

392 

438 

448 

22 

139 

2,271 

520 

37 

1,301 

8,879 

21 
20,897 



Per 
pound 



.41 

1.52 

3.82 

.16 

2.63 

1.07 

1.27 

2.63 

1.39 

9.77 

7.52 

4.18 

.91 

.84 

.67 

3.48 

1.69 

1.84 

1.86 

.47 

1.22 

2.16 

.53 



4.72 
2.02 



See footnotes at end of table. 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 

Table 1. — Flavor and perfume materials: U.S. produation and sales, 1968 — Continued 



131 



Quantity 



Unit 
value' 



1,000 
vounds 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC--Continued 

Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and Aliayolic 

Total— - - 

Cedryl acetate 

Essential oils, chemically modified 

lonones 

Isobornyl acetate 

p-Methan-3-one (MenthoneJ 

Menthol, synthetic, tech. § U.S.P 

Methylionones 

Terpineols 

a-Terpinyl acetate 

Vetivenyl acetate 

All other terpenoid, heterocyclic and alicyclic materials- 

FLAVOR .AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Allyl hexanoate 

Citral a (Geranial) 

Citronellyl formate 

Citronellyl isobutyrate 

3,7-Dimethyl-cis-2,6-octadien- l-ol (Nerol) 

3,7-Dimethyl-trans-2,6-octadien-l-ol (Geraniol) 

3,7-Dimethyl-I-octanol (Dihydrocitronellol) 

3,7-Dimethyl-6-octen-l-ol (Citronellol) 

Ethyl butyrate 

Ethyl hexanoate (Ethyl caproate) 

Ethyl nonanoate 

Geranyl acetate 

Glutamic acid, monosodium salt (Monosodium glutamate) 

Hydroxy citrone Hal 

Isopentyl butyrate 

Isopentyl formate 

Rhodinol 

All other acyclic materials 



160 
375 
396 
973 



2,957 
645 



2,804 



57, IJ 



11 
154 



25 

1,495 

6 

909 

400 

U 

2 

120 

47,674 

609 

80 

4 

18 



1,000 
pounds 



7,000 



1,000 
dollars 



11,735 



121 
246 



516 
392 
,894 
596 



59,058 



,876 
,605 
978 
356 
279 
5,118 



18 
6 
10 

5 
693 
363 



95 

51,426 

539 

59 

4 

11 

4,426 



17 
40 

1,402 
12 

1,083 
245 



153 

31,632 

2,044 



301 
7,505 



Ver 
pound 



$1.68 



2.83 
4.79 



3.63 

4.09 

.34 

.60 

15.49 

2.31 



3.74 
1.90 
2.83 
4.08 
1.06 
2.52 
1.56 
.67 

3.27 

1.65 

.62 



1.47 

28.22 

1.70 



' Calculated from the unrounded figures. 
^ Includes some technical grade. 



132 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

Table 2.--PT-avor and perfume materials: Manufacturers' identification codes, 
by products, 1968 — Continued 



[Flavor and perfume materials for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an 
asterisk (*); those not so marked do not appear in table 2 because the reported data are accepted in 
confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes are taken from the Appendix, 
tables 1 and 2. An x signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the 
designated product.] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC 



Benzenoid and Naphthatenoid 



2' Acetonaphthone 

Acetophenone 

Acetyl cedrene 

5-Acetyl-l,l,2,3,3,6-hexamethylidan 

p-Allylanisole 

Allyl cinnamate 

4-A 1 ly 1- 1 , 2-dimethoxybenzene (4-Al ly Iveratrole) — 

*4-Allyl-2-methoxyphenol (Eugenol) 

4-Allyl-2-methoxyphenol acetate (Eugenyl acetate) 

* 4- Ally 1-1, 2- (methy lenedioxy) -benzene (Saf role) 

Allyl phenoxy acetate 

Allyl phenyl acetate 

*p-Anis aldehyde 

Anisole (Methyl phenyl ether) 

*Anisyl acetate 

Anisyl butyrate 

Anisyl formate 

Anisyl esters, other 

*Benzophenone 

* Benzyl acetate 

♦Benzyl alcohol 

* Benzyl benzoate 

* Benzyl butyrate 

*Benzyl cinnamate 

*Benzyl ether 

Benzyl formate 

Benzyl glyceryl acetal 

Benzyl isopentyl ether 

1- (Benzyloxy)-2-methoxy-4-propenylbenzene (Benzyl 
isoeugenyl ether) . 

*Benzyl phenylacetate I 

*Benzyl propionate I 

*Benzyl salicylate 

4-tert-Butyl-2' ,6 '-dimethyl-3' ,5' -dinitroaceto- 

phenone (Musk ketone) . 
6-tert-Butyl-3-methyl-2,4-dinitroanisole (Musk 1 
ambrette) . 

p-tert-Butyl-a-methyl hydrocinnamaldehyde 

1-tert-Buty 1-3,4, 5-trimethyl-2, 6-dinitrobenzene-- 
5-tert-Butyl-2,4,6-trinitro-m-xylene (Musk xylol) | 

Carvacrol I 

Cinnamaldehyde 

Cinnamic acid I 

*Cinnamyl acetate 

*Cinnamyl alcohol 

*Cinnamyl anthranilate 

Cinnamyl cinnamate 

*Cinnamyl propionate 

Citral dimethyl acetal 



GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

PFW. 

GIV. 

RT. 

GIV. 

FB, GIV, ICO, IFF, LUE, PEN, RT, UOP, VLY. 

GIV. 

FB, 

GIV, 

RT. 

GIV, 

GIV. 

GIV. 



GIV, OPC. 
RT. 



OPC, UOP. 
RT, UOP. 



RT. 










GAF, 


GIV 


ICO, 


NEO, 


PD, UOP 


GIV, 


IFF 


OPC, 


SHL, 


UOP. 


BPC, 


OPC 


SHL, 


UOP, 


VEL. 


MON 


NEO 


PFZ, 


UOP, 


VEL. 


FB, 


GIV, 


UOP. 






FB, 


GIV, 


UOP. 






OPC 


SHL 


VEL. 






GIV 


RT, 


UOP. 






GIV 


RT, 


VLY. 






GIV 










GIV 


UOP 









GIV, MYW, RT, UOP. 

FB, GIV, UOP. 

GIV, OPC, RT, UNG, UOP. 

GIV. 

GIV. 



GIV. 






GIV. 






GIV 






GIV 






FB, 


UOP. 




BPC 






GIV 


RT, 


UOP. 


FB, 


GIV, 


NEO, UOP 


FEL 


GIV 


, RT. 


FB. 






GIV 


RT, 


UOP. 


GIV 







FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 

Table 2. --Flavor and perfume materials: Manufacturers' identification codes, 
by products-, 1968 — Continued 



133 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
fsee Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC--Continued 

Bemenoid and Naphthalenoid — Continued 

Couraarin 

Cuminyl alcohol 

trans-Decahydro-6-naphthol 

Dihydronordicyclopentadienyl acetate 

p-Dimethoxybenzene (Dimethylhydroquinone) 

1, 2-Diraethoxy-4-propeny Ibenzene (4-Propenyl- 
veratrole) . 

p-a-Dimethylbenzyl alcohol 

3,7-Dimethyl-l ,6-octadien-3yl anthranilate 

(Linalylanthranilate) . 
3,7-Dimethyl-l,6-octadien-3yl benzoate (Linalyl 

benzoate) . 
3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadienylphenylacetate (Geranyl 
phenylacetate) . 

a,a-Diraethylphenethyl acetate 

a,a-Dimethylphenethyl alcohol 

Diphenylrae thane (Ben zy Ibenzene) 

l,3-Diphenyl-2-propanone (Dibenzyl ketone) 

l-Ethoxy-2-hydroxy-4-propeny Ibenzene 

3-Ethoxy-4-hydroxybenzaldehyde (Ethylvanillin) 

2-Ethoxynaphthalene 

Ethyl anisate (Ethyl p-methoxybenzoate) 

Ethyl anthranilate 

Ethyl cinnamate 

Ethyl a,6-expoxy-6-methylhydrocinnamate 

2-Ethylhexyl salicylate 

Ethyl phenylacetate 

Ethyl phenylglycidate 

Ethyl salicylate 

3'-Ethyl-5' ,6' ,7' ,8'-tetrahydro-5' ,5' ,8' ,8' ,- 
tetramethyl-2'-acetonaphthone. 

Geranyl benzoate 

a-Hexylcinnamaldehyde 

Hydratropaldehyde 

Hydratropaldehyde, dimethyl acetal 

'Hydrocoumarin 

Hydroxycitronellalmethyl anthranilate 

4- ( 4-Hydroxy- 3- methoxypheny 1 ) - 2-but anone 

Indole 

Isoamyl phenylacetate 

Isobutyl benzoate 

Isobutyl cinnamate 

* Isobutyl phenylacetate 

3-Isobutylquinoline 

Isocyclocitral 

* Isobutyl salicylate 

*Isopentyl salicylate 

p-Isopropylbenzaldehyde (Cumaldehyde) 

Isopropyl cinnamate 

p-Isopropyl-a-methylhydrocinnamaldehyde (Cyclamen 
aldehyde) . 

6-Isopropylquinoline 

p-Mentha- ,8-diene (Limonene) 



DOW 


RDA 




GIV. 






IFF. 






GIV. 






ICO. 






GIV. 






GIV. 






FMT. 






HOF. 






GIV, 


UOP 




GIV 


IFF 




IFF. 






ARA. 






GIV. 






SHL. 






MON 


RDA 




GIV 


UOP 




ICO. 






FB. 






GIV 


UOP 




GIV 


RT. 




FEL. 






GIV. 






GIV, 


RT, 


UOP. 


FB, 


UOP. 




GIV, 


UOP 




GIV 






GIV, 


IFF 


UOP, VLY 


GIV, 


IFF 


UOP. 


GIV, 


IFF 


RT. 


GIV, 


ICO 


UOP. 


GIV. 






GIV. 






GIV. 






GIV. 






GIV. 






RT. 






FB, 


GIV, 


OPC, RT, 


FMT. 






OPC. 






FB, 


GIV, 


UOP. 


FB, 


GIV, 


OPC, UOP. 


GIV. 






RT. 






GIV, 


RDA 




FMT. 






RT. 


SKG. 





134 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

Table 2. --Flavor and perfume materials: Manufacturers' identification codes, 
by products, 1968 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC--Continued 

Benzenoid and Naphthalenoid — Continued 

4'-Methoxyacetophenone (Acetanisole) 

p-Methoxybenzyl alcohol [Anisyl alcohol) 

o-Methoxycinnamaldehyde 

2-Methoxynaphthalene 

1- (p-Methoxyphenyl)-l-pentene-3-one 

*2-Methoxy-4-propenylphenol (Isoeugenol) 

4'-Methylacetophenone 

Methyl anisate (Methyl p-raethoxybenzoate) 

p-Methylanisole 

*Methyl anthranilate 

Methyl benzoate 

a-Methylbenzyl acetate (Styralyl acetate) 

*a-Methylcinnainaldehyde 

*Methyl cinnamate 

6-Methylcoumarin 

l,2-(Methylenedioxy)-4-propenylbenzene (Isosaf- 
role) . 

l,2-(Methylenedioxy)-4-propylbenzene 

p-Methylhydratropaldehyde 

Methyl N-methy lanthrani late 

Methyl phenylacetate 

*Methyl salicylate 

l,l,3,3,5-Pentamethyl-4,6-dinitroindan 

*a-Pentylcinnainaldehyde 

Phenethyl acetate 

Phenethyl alcohol 

Phenethyl formate 

Phenethyl isobutyrate 

Phenethyl isovalerate 

Phenethyl isovalerate benzoate 

* 2- Phenethyl phenylacetate 

Phenethyl propionate 

Phenethyl salicylate 

Phenethyl salicylate butyrate 

2-Phenoxyethyl isobutyrate 

2-Phenoxyethyl propionate 

Phenylacet aldehyde 

Phenylacetaldehyde, dimethyl acetal 

o-Phenylanisole (2-Methoxybiphenyl)--' 

4-Phenyl-3-buten-2-one (Methyl styryl ketone) 

Phenyl ethyl acetal 

Phenylethyl tiglate 

3-Phenyl-l-propanol (Hydrocinnamic alcohol) 

3-Phenylpropyl acetate 

3-Phenylpropyl cinnamate 

Piperonal (Heliotropin) 

*p-Propenylanisole (Ane thole) 

p-Propylanisole (Dihydroanethole) 

*Sweeteners, synthetic: 

Cyclohexanesulfamic acid 

Cyclohexanesulfamic acid, calcium salt 

Cyclohexanesulfamic acid, sodium salt 

Saccharin (1 , 2-Benzisothiazolin-3-one,-l , 1- 
dioxide. 



GIV, 


ICO, 


UOP. 






GIV, 


UOP. 








x. 










GIV, 


UOP. 








GIV. 










GIV, 


SHL, 


UOP, 


VLY 




UOP. 










ICO. 










GIV, 


OPC, 


UOP. 






FB, 


MEE, 


OPC, 


PFW, 


SHL, UNG. 


HN, 


VLY. 








GIV, 


UNG, 


UOP 






FB, 


GIV, 


UOP, 


VLY. 




FB, 


ICO, 


UOP. 






GIV. 










GIV. 










VLY. 










GIV. 










GIV, 


OPC. 








GIV. 










CFC, 


DOW, 


HN, 


MON, 


PEN. 


GIV. 










FB, 


GIV, 


IFF, 


UOP, 


VLY. 


GIV, 


IFF 


NEO 






IFF. 










IFF, 


RT, 


UOP. 






GIV 


IFF 


RT. 






GIV 


RT, 


UOP. 






IFF. 










GIV 


IFF 


RT, 


UOP, 


VLY. 


GIV 


IFF 


UOP 






GIV 


UOP 








IFF 










IFF 










IFF 










GIV 


UOP 








GIV 


UOP 








GIV 


OPC 








FB, 


UOP. 








GIV 










FB. 










FB, 


GIV. 








GIV 


UOP 








FB. 










GIV 


SHL 


UOP 






ARZ 


FB, 


GLD, 


HN, 


HPC, NCI, UOP 


FB, 


GIV. 








ABB 










ABB 


MON 


, PBY 


, PFZ 


, UNS 


ABB 


MON 


, PBY 


, PFZ 


, UNS. 


MEE 


MON 









FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 

Table 2.— Flavor and perfume materials: Manufacturers' identification codes, 
by products, 1968 --Continued 



135 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC--Continued 
Benzenoid and Naphthalenoid — Continued 

*Sweeteners , synthetic — Continued 

Saccharin, calcium salt 

Saccharin, sodium salt 

*p-Tolualdehyde 

p-Tolyl ace t aldehyde 

*p-Tolyl acetate 

Tolylaldehyde 

p-Toly 1 pheny lace t ate 

a-(Trichloromethyl)benzyl acetate (Rosetone) 

Vanillin (4-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde) 

Verdyl propionate 



Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and Alicyclic 

Ally! cyclohexyl propionate 

Amyris acetate 

Bornyl acetate 

p-tert-Butylcyclohexanone 

p-tert- Butyl cyclohexyl acetate 

6-Caryophyllene 

Caryophyllene alcohol 

Cedrenol 

Cedrol 

*Cedryl acetate 

Cedryl formate 

2-Cyclohexylcyclohexanone 

Cyclopentanone carboxylic acid 

Dihydroterpinyl acetate 

*Essential oils, chemically modified: 

Acetyl cedrene 

Citronella oil, acetylated 

Clove leaf oil terpenes 

Ethyl oxyhydrate 

Guaiacwood acetate 

Jasmal and Jessemac 

Lavandin, acetylated 

Piperonal terpenes 

Sassafrass oil, hydrogenated 

Synthetic indane musk 

Ethylene brassy late 

Ethylene glycol tridecandiote 

16-Hydroxyhexadecanoic acid, o-lactone (Hexa- 

decanolide) . 
2-Hydroxy-3-raethyl-2-cyclopenten-l-one (Methyl 

cyclopentanolone) . 
2-Hydroxy-3-methyl-2-cyclopenten-l-one isoval- 
erate. 

3-Hydroxy-2-ethyl-4-pyrone (Ethyl maltol) 

3-Hydroxy-2-methyl-4-pyrone (MaltolJ 

4-Hydroxynonanoic a-id, y-lactone (y-Nonalactone) 
4-Hydroxyoctanoic acid, y-lactone (y-Octalactone) 
4-Hydroxyundecanoic acid, y-lactone (y-Undeca- 
lactone. 



LAK, MEE, MON, PBY. 

LAK, MEE, MON. 

GIV, HN, TCC. 

GIV. 

FB, GIV, ICO, UOP. 

ICO. 

GIV. 

ICO. 

MON, SLV. 

GIV. 



GIV. 

GIV. 

FEL. 

DOW, IFF. 

IFF, VLY. 

GIV. 

FB. 

GIV. 

GIV, IFF, UOP. 
I GIV, IFF, UNG, UOP. 
i IFF. 
! GIV. 
1 ARA. 
I GIV. 

i IFF. 

I FB. 

I SHL. 

I FEL, FLO, LUE, PFW, VND. 

j FB, GIV. 

I IFF. 

I FEL, GIV, UNG. 

i SHL. 

1 GIV. 

IFF. 

RDA, VLY. 

RDA. 
I IFF. 



DOW, RT. 

RT. 

PFZ. 

DOW, PFZ. 
GIV. 

GIV, RT. 
FB. 



136 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



-Flavor and perfume materials: Manufacturers' identification codes, 
by products, 1968 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC--Continued 

Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and Alicyalic — Continued 

*Ionones : 

a-Ionone 

6-Ionone 

lonone (a- and 6-) 

Isoborneol 

*Isobornyl acetate 

Isobornyl propionate 

Isohexenyl cyclohex-3-ene carboxaldehyde 

Isomenthone 

2-Isopropylcyclohexanol 

Menthadiene-7-carbinol 

p-Mentha-6,8-dien-2-ol (Carveol) 

p-Mentha-6,8-dien-2-one (Carvone) 

*p-Mentha-3-one (Menthone) 

p-Menth-8-en-3-ol (Isopulegol) 

1, l-p-Menthen-6-yl-l-propanone 

*Menthol, synthetic: 

Tech 

U.S.P 

Menthyl acetate 

Methylcyclohexyl propionate 

*Methylionones : 

6-Methyl-a-ionone 

6-Methyl-B-ionone • 

Methylionone (a- and 6-) 

Methyl-2-nonanoate 

Methyl nicotinate 

2-(2-Methyl-l-propenyl)-4-methyl-tetrahydropyrane 
(Rose oxide) . 

Neryl acetate prime 

Nopyl acetate 

Santalol 

Santalyl acetate 

*Terpineols : 

a-Terpineol 

3-Terpineol 

Terpineol (a- and B-) 

Terpinol hydrate (terpin hydrate), tech 

*a-Terpinyl acetate 

a-Terpinyl propionate 

3,3,5-Trimethylcyclohexanol (m-Homomenthol) 

l-(2,6,6-Trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-l-yl)-l,6-hepta- 

dien-3-one (Allyl-a-ionone) . 
4-(2,6-Trimethyl-l-cyclohexen-l-yl)-3-methyl-3- 
buten-2-one (6-Isomethylionone) . 

Vernaldehyde 

Vetivenol 

*Vetivenyl acetate 



HOF, IFF, MYW, UOP. 
MYW, UOP. 
MYW, UNG, UOP. 

GIV, OPC, PFW, RDA. 
OPC. 



FRM. 
HN, NEO, OPC. 



GIV, 
HOF, 
GIV, 
RDA. 
FB, 
GIV, 
OPC, 
GIV, 
GIV. 
RT. 
FB. 
FB, 
GIV, 
GIV. 
GIV 



GIV, NEO, PFW. 
GIV, GLD, HN, NEO. 
GIV. 
GIV. 

GIV, IFF, MYW. 

NEO 

GIV, IFF, MYW, UNG, UOP. 

GIV. 

ICO. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

RT, SHL, VLY. 

GIV, IFF. 

GIV. 

GLD, HPC. 

HN. 

GIV, NEO. 

HPC. 

GIV, IFF, NEO, PFW, RDA, UNG. 

GIV, UOP. 

ICO. 

GIV. 



HOF. 

GIV. 

GIV, UOP. 

FB, GIV, IFF, NEO, UOP. 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 

idsntifioation codes. 



137 



Table 2. --Flavor and perfume materials: Manufacturers 
by products, i968--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(See Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC 

Acetylbutyryl (2,3-Hexanedione) 

Acetyl propionyl 

Acetylvaleryl (2,3-Heptanedione) 

Allyl cinnajnate 

Allyl furoate 

Allyl hexadienoate 

*Allyl hexanoate 

Allyl isothiocyanate (Synthetic mustard oil) 

Allylmercaptan 

Allyl octanoate (Allyl caprylatej 

Allyl sulfide 

Amyl acetoacetate 

Amyl propionate 

Brazinol 

Butyl butyryl lactate 

Butyl 10-undecylenate 

Cadinene 

*Citral (Geranial) 

Citronellyl acetate 

Citronellyl butyrate 

*Citronellyl formate 

*Citronellyl isobutyrate 

Citronellyl propionate 

Decanal (Capraldehyde) 

Diethyl sebacate 

Diethyl succinate 

Dihydro myrcenol 

l,l-Dimethoxy-3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadiene 

2,6-Dimethyl-5-hepten-l-al 

3,7-Dimethyl-l ,6-nonadien-3-ol 

3,7-Dimethyl-l,6-nonadien-3-ol, acetate 

3,6-Diraethyl-2,6-octadienal (citral) 

*3,7-Dimethyl-cis-2,6-octadien-l-ol (Nerol) 

*3,7-Dimethyl-trans-2,6-octadien-l-ol (Geraniol)-- 
3,7-Dimethyl-l,6-octadien-3-ol (Linalyl alcohol)- 
3,7-Dimethyl-l,6-octadien-3-ol acetate 
(Linalyl acetate) . 

3,7-Dimethyl-l ,6-octadien-3-ol cinnamate 

3,7-Dimethyl-l,6-octadien-3-yl butyrate 

(Linalyl butyrate) . 
3,7-Diraethyl-l,6-octadien-3-yl isobutyrate 

(Linalyl isobutyrate) . 
3,7-Diraethyl- l,6-octadien-3-yl propionate 

(Linalyl propionate) . 
3,7-Dimethyloctan-l-al 

*3,7-Diraethyl-l-octanol (Dihydrocitronellol) 

3,7-Dimethyl-3-octanol (Tetrahydrolinalool) 

3,7-Dimethyl-6-octen-l-al (Citronellal) 

*3,7-Dimethyl-6-octen-I-oI (Citronellol) 

Dimyrcetal 

*Ethyl butyrate 

Ethyl formate 

Ethyl heptanoate 

*Ethyl hexanoate (Ethyl caproate) 

Ethyl isohexanoate 



RT. 

FB. 

RT. 

RT. 

RT. 

RT. 

FB, 

MRT. 

RT. 

RT. 

RT. 

RT. 

GIV. 

RDA. 

ICO, 

GIV. 

FB. 

FB, 

GIV, 

GIV, 

GIV, 

GIV, 

IFF, 

GIV, 

FEL, 

ICO, 

IFF. 

VLY. 

GIV. 

HOF. 

HOF. 

HOF. 

FB, 

FB, 

FB, 

FB, 

HOF. 
GIV. 



GIV, HOF. 

GIV, HOF. 

HOF. 
I FB, GIV, VLY. 
GIV, HOF. 

FB, GIV, IFF, UOP. 

FB, GIV, GLD, IFF, NEO, OPC, UOP, VLY. 
IFF. 

FB, NW, RT, UOP. 
FB, PFW. 
FEL, RT, UOP. 
FB, NW, RT. 
PFW. 



FEL, GIV, LUE, RT, UOP, VLY. 
IFF, UOP. 
UOP. 

RT, UOP, VLY. 
RT, UOP. 
VLY. 
IFF. 
UOP. 
UCC, UOP. 



GIV, GLD, IFF, UOP. 

FEL, GIV, GLD, IFF, NCI, NEO, UNG, UOP, VLY. 

FEL, GIV, GLD, HOF, LUE, SHL, UNG. 

GIV, GLD, HOF, SHL, UNG. 



138 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



Table 2. — Flavor and perfume materials: 
by products, 19 



Manufacturers ' identification codes, 
5--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 

(see Apnendix, tables 1 and 2) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 



Ethyl isovalerate 

Ethyl laurate 

Ethyl myristate 

*Ethyl nonanoate 

Ethyl octanoate 

Ethyl propionate 

Ethyl valerate 

Fleuramone 

Geranic acid 

Geranonitrile 

*Geranyl acetate 

Geranyl butyrate 

Geranyl formate 

Geranyl isobutyrate 

Geranyl isovalerate 

Geranyl neryl formate 

Geranyl propionate 

Geranyl tiglate and isotiglate 

*Glutamic acid, monosodium salt (Monosodium 
glutamate) . 

Heptanal (Enanth aldehyde) 

Heptyl alcohol (1-Heptanol) 

2-Hexenal 

Hexanoic acid (caproic acid) 

cis-3-Hexen-l-ol 

cis-3-Hexen-l-ol lactate 

Hex-2-enyl — 

3-Hydroxy-2-butanone (Acetoin) 

*7-Hydroxy-3,7-dimethyl-l-octanal (Hydroxy- 
citronellal) . 
7-Hydroxy-3,7-dimethyl octanal, dimethyl acetal 

(Hydroxycitronellal , dimethyl acetal). 
4-(4-Hydroxy-4-methylpentyl)-3-cyclohexene-10- 
carboxaldehyde. 

Isobutyl acetate 

Isobutyl hexanoate 

Isononyl acetate 

Isopentyl acetate 

*Isopentyl butyrate 

*Isopentyl formate 

Isopentyl heptoate 

Isopentyl isovalerate 

Isopentyl propionate 

Lauraldehyde 

Methyl isobutyrate 

Methyl-6-methyl thiopropionate 

Methyl- 2-nonenoate 

Methylol methyl hexyl ketone 

6-Methylthiopropionaldehyde 

2-Methylundecanal 

Mugual and tetrahydro muguol 

Myrcenyl acetate 

My rist aldehyde 

Nonamethylene glycol diacetate 

Nonanal 

Nonane-1 ,3-diol monoacetate 



FB, PFW. 






FB, UOP. 






PFW, RT. 






FB, FEL, GIV, 


RT, UOP. 




FB, RT. 






FB. 






PFW. 






IFF. 






FB. 






IFF. 






FEL, GIV, IFF 


UNG, UOP, 


VLY 


GIV, UOP. 






GIV, RT, VLY. 






IFF. 






FB. 






IFF. 






IFF. 






FB, FMT. 






COM, GRW, IMC 


MRK. 




BAG. 






BAG. 






GIV. 






FB. 






X. 






RT. 






OPC. 






FMT. 






GIV, GLD, IFF 


OPC, UOP, 


VLY 


GIV, IFF. 







IFF. 

FB. 

GIV. 

VLY. 

FB. 

FB, 

FB, 

RT. 

FB, 

FB. 

GIV, 

PFW. 

RT. 

RT. 

GIV. 

RT. 

GIV. 

IFF. 

IFF. 

GIV, 

VLY. 

GIV. 

GIV. 



GIV, NW, PFW, RT, UOP. 
GIV, RT, UOP. 



PFW. 
IFF. 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 



139 



-Flavor and perfime materials: Manufacturers' identification codes, 
by products, 2965— continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

Nonanol 

Nonyl acetate 

Ocimenol and acetate 

Oct anal 

3-Octanone (Ethyl amyl ketone) 

n-Octyl alcohol 

n-Octyl formate 

*Rhodinol 

Rhodinyl acetate 

Sodium allyl sulfonate 

Tepyl acetate 

3,7,9-Trimethyl-l,6-decadien-3-ol 

Trimethylhexyl acetate 

2,6,10-Trimethyl-9-undecen-l-al 

Undecanal 

9-Undecenal 

Y- Valero lactone 

All other 



GIV. 

GIV. 

IFF. 

GIV, 

GIV. 

GIV. 

RT. 

FB, 

GIV, 

SHL. 

IFF, 

HOF. 

OPC. 

GIV. 

GIV, 

GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV. 



FEL, GIV, IFF, LUE, NEO, SHL. 
IFF. 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS ll+l 



Plastics and resin materials are condensation and polymerization 
products or organic chemicals, containing necessary plasticizers , 
fillers, extenders, stabilizers, and coloring agents. At some stage 
in their manufacture they exist in such physical condition that they 
can he shaped or otherwise processed hy the application of heat and 
pressure. Some types of plastics materials may be molded, cast, or 
extruded into semifinished or finished forms. Other types are used 
as adhesives, for the treatment of textiles and paper, and for pro- 
tective coatings. Statistics on U.S. production and sales of syn- 
thetic plastics and resin materials for I968 are given in table 1^. 
In general, the statistics follow the outline of the Tariff Commission's 
monthly report on the production and sales of synthetic plastics and 
resin materials (S.O.C. Series P-68). However, the data given in- 
clude some companies which were not covered in the monthly reports, and 
also some adjusted figures supplied by the original reporting companies, 
and, consequently, many of the figures given in table 1 are revised from 
those shown in the Commission's monthly release dated April I5, I969, 
which contained year-end cumulative monthly totals for I968. The end 
use breakdowns shown were developed with the advice of representatives 
of the plastics industry, and the data reported reflect producers' de- 
terminations of the use categories for their materials. 

Total U.S. production of synthetic plastics and resin materials 
in 1968 amounted to 1^,360 million pounds — 19 percent more than the 
13,793 million pounds reported for I96T. Sales in I968 were lJ+,397 
million pounds, valued at $2,907 million. Production of benzenoid 
plastics and resin materials in I968 amounted to 5,899 million pounds 
and that of nonbenzenoid materials to 10,46l million pounds. These 
figures compare with the benzenoid production in I967 of 5,033 million 
pounds, and with nonbenzenoid production of 8,759 million pounds. 

The 1968 output of all types of thermosetting resins totaled 3,573 
million pounds, compared with 3,231 million pounds in I967. This latter 
figure is exclusive of coumarone-indene and petroleum polymer resins 
which were previously classified as thermosetting. In I968 phenolic and 
other tar acid resins were produced in the largest quantity in the thermo- 
setting group. Output of phenolic resins amounted to 1,097 million 
pounds in I968, compared with" 983 million pounds in I967. Production of 
urea and melamine resins in I968 was 816 million pounds, and that of 
alkyd resins was 692 million pounds. Other thermosetting resins 
produced in significant amounts in I968 were polyester resins (615 
million pounds); epoxy resins (158 million pounds); and polyurethane 
resins (76 million pounds). 



See also table 2 which lists these products by chemical types and by 
end uses, and identifies the manufacturers. 

3B8-333 O - 70 - 10 



2_k2 SYNTHETIC OBGAIJIC CHEMICALS, I968 



The total output of thermoplastic resins in I968 amounted to 
12,787 million pounds, compared with 10,562 million pounds in 1967. 
The 1968 figure includes data for coumarone-indene and petroleum 
polymer resins which were previously classified as thermosetting. 
In 1968, as in previous years, polyethylene, polystyrene, and poly- 
vinyl chloride were the resins produced in the largest volume. The 
output of high-pressure polyethylene in I968 was 3,306 million pounds, 
which corresponds to the output of 2,7l6 million pounds reported for 
1967. Production of low-pressure polyethylene in I968 was l,26l 
million pounds, corresponding to the 1,082 million pounds produced in 
1967. Total output of polyvinyl chloride resins in I968 was 2,635 
million pounds, and that of polystyrene resins was 2,896 million 
pounds . 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 



143 



TABLE \. --Plastics and resin materials: U.S. production and sales, 
by chemical classes and uses, 1988 



Kind and use 



Grand total - 



Plastics and resin materials, benzenoid 

Plastics and resin materials, nonbenzenoid- 



THERMOSETTING RESINS 



Total- 



Alkyd resins, total 

Domestic: 

Phthalic anhydride type- 
Polybasic acid type 

Sales for export 



Epoxy resins: 

Unmodified, total 

Bonding and adhesive- 
Protective coatings-- 
Reinforced plastics-- 

All other uses 

Sales for export 

Modified 



Polyester resins, total 

Reinforced plastics: 

Sheets, flat and corrugated- 
All other 

Surface coatings 

All other uses 

Sales for export 



Phenolic and other tar acid resins, total 

Molding materials 

Bonding and adhesive resins for: 

Laminating 

Coated and bonded abrasives 

Friction materials 

Thermal insulation 

Foundry or shell molding 

P lywood 

Fibrous and granulated wood 

Protective coatings, unmodified and modified- 

All other uses 

Sales for export 



Polyurethane and diisocyanate resins- 



Rosin modifications, total 

Rosin and rosin esters, unmodified (ester gums)- 
All other 



Production 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis^ 

16,359,665 



5,898,64 5 
10,461,020 



581,345 
110,215 



157,959 



Quantity 



1,000 1,000 

pounds do I lars 
dry basis' 

14,397,451 12,905,971 



5,208 



1,096,816 



291,547 

136,457 
28,757 
46,852 

114,559 
87,712 

193,828 
46,605 
37,716 

112,783 



19,135 
67,275 



4,901 ,793 
9,495,658 



2,827,318 



350,157 



281,422 

64,910 

3,825 



157,582 



18,488 
62,380 
33,755 
22,910 
20,049 
3,665 

543,266 



1,121,366 
1,785,605 



50,901 

334,509 

14,326 

132,102 
11,428 

917,998 



265,093 

83,198 
19,133 
43,365 
59,509 
78,197 

1 74 , 59 1 
39,234 
28,548 

108,347 
18,783 

51,976 

85,252 



18,468 
66,784 



90,820 



Unit 
value 



Per 
pound 



$0.20 



77,868 
12,225 

111 



4,155 
149,671 



205,682 



28,873 
16,219 



12,337 



See footnotes at end of table. 



144 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE \.--PlasHas and resin materials: U.S. production and sales, by 
chemical classes and uses, 1968 — Continued 



Kind and use 



THERMOSETTING RESINS--Continued 



Urea and melaraine resins, total 

Textile treating and coating resins- 
Paper treating and coating resins — 
Bonding and adhesive resins for: 

Laminating 

Plywood 

Fibrous and granulated wood 

Protective coatings 

All other uses (including molding)-- 
Sales for export 



All other thermosetting resins 



THERMOPLASTIC RESINS 



Total- 



Cellulose plastics materials, total- 
Sheets, continuous: 

Under 0.003 gage 

0.003 gage and over 

All other sheets, rods, and tubes- 
Molding and extrusion materials — 



Coumarone-indene and petroleum polymer resins. 

Floor tile 

Rubber compounding 

All other uses 

Sales for export 



Polyamide resins, nylon type 

Polyolefin plastics materials: 

Polyethylene, density 0.940 and below:' 

Production and sales 

Sales and use, total 

Injection molding 

Blow molding 

Film and sheet 

Extrusion coating on paper and other substrates 

Wire and cable 

All other extruded products, including pipe and conduit- 
All other domestic uses ■ 

Export sales 

Polyethylene, density over 0.940: 

Production and sales 

Sales and use, total 

Injection molding 

Blow molding 

Film and sheet 

Extrusion coating on paper and other substrates 

Wire and cable 

Pipe and conduit 

Other extruded products 

All other domestic uses 

Export sales ^^-- 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis^ 



816,077 



26,984 



Quantity 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis' 



694,839 



85 


565 


73,408 


67 


757 


45,287 


61 


269 


39,641 


152 


396 


136.322 


216 


950 


200,624 


64 


381 


41,793 


167 


759 


143,281 
14,483 



Unit 
value ' 



1,000 
dollars 



135,928 



Per 
pound 



187,346 



17,259 

44,640 

8,949 

116,498 

348,750 



44,857 

81,789 

222,104 



88,285 



3,306,455 



22,583 



11.570,133 



2.174,319 



185.559 



17,549 

53,640 

7,861 

106,509 

.344,713 



1,26 



44,846 

80,200 

179,194 

40,473 

69,731 



3,110,794 

3,195,308 

412,349 

52,026 

1,418,928 

348,404 

284,581 

25,074 

281,547 

372,399 

1,117,609 

1,223,691 

236,444 

488,749 

49,373 

15,422 

39.152 

43.898 

16.577 

181,359 

152,717 



120,389 



57,297 



377,503 



173,475 



See footnotes at end of table. 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 



145 



TABLE \.- -Plastics and resin materials: 
and uses. 



production and 
— Continued 



xles, by chemical classes 



Kind and use 



THERMOPLASTIC RESINS--Continued 

Polyolefin plastics niaterials--Continued 

Polypropylene: Production and sales 

Styrene type plastics materials, total 

ABS and SAN resins:' 

Production and sales 

Sales and use, total 

Molding 

Extrusion 

All other domestic uses 

Export sales 

Styrene and styrene copolymer resins: 

Production and sales 

Sales and use, total 

Molding 

Textile and paper treating and coating 

Emulsion paint 

Extrusion 

All other domestic uses (including foam and foamable 

materials) 

Export sales 

Vinyl resins (resin content) : 

Polyvinyl chloride amd copolymers: 

Production and sales' , total 

Suspension homopolymers 

Suspension copolymers 

Dispersion (paste) 

Sales and use, total 

Calendering, except flooring 

Flooring: 

Calendered 

.Coated 

Paper and textile coating, and other paper and textile 

uses 

Protective coatings and adhesives 

Wire and cable 

Extruded film and sheet 

Other extruded products 

Sound records 

Injection and blow molding 

Plastisol formulating and molding 

All other domestic uses 

Export sales 



Production 



1,000 

pounds 

dry has is ^ 



878,168 
2,895,738 



508,670 



2,387,C 



2,635,394 

1,713,471 

577,816 

344,107 



Quantity 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis^ 



925,333 

2,501,421 



303,116 
483,108 
239,961 
134,603 
68,464 
40,080 

2,198,305 
2,466,964 
1,188,029 

293,889 
40,043 

332,471 

527,601 
84,931 



2,329,541 



2,550,426 
406,464 

244,243 
57,483 

108,127 
82,797 
288,875 
134,496 
315,522 
122,014 
77,705 
107,901 
491,209 
113,590 



Unit 
value 



1,000 
do I lars 



190,895 
467,768 



Per 
pound 



86,045 



381,723 



326,566 



See footnotes at end of table. 



146 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



TABLE 1. --Plastics and resin materials: 
classes and uses. 



U.S. production and sales, by chemical 
968 — Continued 



Kind and use 



THERMOPLASTIC RESINS--Continued 

Vinyl resins (resin content) --Continued 
Polyvinyl acetate: 

Production and sales, total 

Latexes 

Resins 

Sales and use, total 

Emulsion paints 

Adhesives 

Paper treating 

Textile treating 

All other domestic uses 

Export sales 

Polyvinyl alcohol 

Other vinyl resins '° 

All other thermoplastic resins 



Production 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis ^ 



383,569 
270,628 
112,941 



45,168 
150,984 



Quantity 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis^ 



306,226 



358,075 

120,625 

133,562 

28,544 

11,859 

60,809 

2,676 

39,083 

89,338 

550,785 



Unit 
value 



1,000 
dollars 



77,846 



16,555 
35,576 



Per 

pound 



' Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ For the purpose of this report, "dry basis" is defined as the total weight of the material, including 
resin, plasticizers , fillers, extenders, colors and stabilizers, and excluding water, solvents and other 
liquid diluents. 

The term "polyester resins" includes unsaturated alkyds copolymerized with a monomer such as styrene, 
and polyallyl resins such as diallyl phthalate and allyl diglycol carbonate. 

'* Includes data for acetone- formaldehyde resins; styrene-alkyd polyesters; toluenesulfonamide resins; 
silicone resins; and other thermosetting resins which were produced in small quantities. Also included 
are saturated polyesters for urethanes. 

^ Represents data for polyethylene produced by the hi eh-pressure process and for ethylene copolymers. 

' Represents production of polyethylene by the low-pressure process. 

' ABS resins are polymers of acrylonitrile, styrene, and butadiene. SAN resins are polymers of styrene 
and acrylonitrile. 

° Includes straight polystyrene, 979 million pounds; rubber- modified polystyrene, 882 million pounds; 
styrene-butadiene copolymers, 366 million pounds; and all other^ 160 million pounds. 

' Includes data not reported monthly during 1968. 
'" Includes data for polyvinyl butyral; polyvinylidene chloride; and certain copolymers. 
" Includes data for acrylic; fluorocarbon; non-nylon polyamides; polycarbonate; polyoxymethylene; poly- 
terpene; and other thermoplastic resins. 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 147 

TABLE 2. --Plastics and resin materials: Manufaaturers ' identification codes, by products, 2968 



[Plastics and resin materials for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an 
asterisk (*); chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted 
in confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken 
from the Appendix, tables 1 aud 2. An x signifies tl.at the manufacturer aid not consent to his identi- 
fication with the designated product.] 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



THERMOSETTING RESINS 



*Alkyd resins, domestic: 
*Phthalic anhydride type- 



*Polybasic acid type- 



Epoxy resins: 

*Unmodifiea: 

♦Bonding and adhesives 

♦Protective coatings 

♦Reinforced plastics 

*A11 other uses (including export) 

♦Modified 



'Polyester resins: 

Reinforced plastics: 
♦Sheets, flat and corrugated- 



♦All other- 



♦Surf ace coatings 

♦All other uses (including export) - 



'Phenolic and other tar acid resins: 
♦Molding materials 



Bonding and adhesive resins for: 
♦Laminating 



♦Coated and bonded abrasives- 
♦Friction materials 



♦Thermal insulation 

♦Foundry or shell molding- 



ACP, ACY, APT, APV, ASH, BAL, BEN, BOY, BRU, CEL, 

CIK, CM, COM, CPV, DEC. DSO, DUN, DUP, EW, FAR, 

FBR, FCD, FLW, FOC, FSH, GEl , GIL, GLD, GRG, GRV, 

HAN, HPC, HRS, ICF, JOB, JSC, JWL, KEL, KMC, KMP, 

KPT, KPS, KYN, MCC, MID, MMM, MNP, NCI, NON, NPV, 

OBC, ORO, OSB, PER, PFP, PLS, PPG, PRT, PRX, PTP, 

QCP, RCI, RED, REL, RH, SCN, SED, SIP, SM, SVC, SW, 

SYV, TV, TXT, X, X, x, X. 

ACP, ACY, APV, ASH, BEN, CGL, CM, COM, CPV, DEC, DUN, 

DUP, EW, FAR, FBR, FCD, FOC, GEI, GLD, GRV, HAN, 

HPC, HYC, ICF, KMC, KYN, MCC, MID, MMM, MOB, NCI, 

NON, NPV, ORO, OSB, PPG, PTP, RCI, RED, RH, SCN, 

SHA, SW, TV. 



CBA, CEL, now, SHC, UCC . 

CBA, CEL, DOW, RCI, SHC, UCC. 

CBA, CEL, DOW, RCI, SHC, UCC. 

CBA, CEL, DOW, RCI, SHC, UCC. 

AMR, BEN, CM, EW, FAR, HAP, IOC, MID. MMM, MNP, MRS. 

NON. NPV. OOP, ORO, OSB, PRX, PYR, REL, REZ. SCN, 

SED, X. 



ACY, APD, DA, GLD, HKD. ICF, LAS, MFC, ORO, PPG, RCI, 

RH, SIC, SW. 
ACP, ACY, ASH, CGL, CPV, DA, DEG, DSO, GLD, GNT, GRV, 

HKD, ICF, IPC, KPS, KPT, LAS, MFG, MRO, PLU, PPG, 

RCI, SIC, SW, VAL, X. 
ACP, ACY, APD, DA, GLD, GYR, ORO, OSB, PPG, SW, SYV. 
ACP, ACR, ACY, APD, DA, EKX, FMP, GEI, GLD, GNT, GRG, 

GYR, HKD, LAS, PLU, PPG, RCI, RH, SCN, SIC, SW, x. 

GE, HER, HKD, HVG, MON, MRB, NPI, PLS, RCI, RGC, 
UCC, VSV. 

ACP, AMR, ASH, BOR, CBR, CD, EW, FOM, GE, HKD, IRI, 

MON, NPP, NTC, NVF, PGU, PPL, PYZ, RCD, RCI, SCN, 

SPL, UCC. 
AMR, ASH, BME, BOR, CBM, HKD, MMM, MON, PYZ, RCI, 

SCN, UCC. 
ABS, ASH, BME, BOR, FRL, GE, HKD, MMM, PYZ, PJ\B, 

RCI, SCN, SYV, UCC. 



♦Plywood- 



♦Fibrous and granulated wood 

♦Protective coatings, unmodified and modified- 



MON, OCF, PYZ, RCI, UCC. 
GE, HKD, MON, PYZ, RCI, SCN, 



ACP, AMR, ASH, BOR, HKD, 
ACP, ACR, AMR, ASH, BOR, 

UCC. 
ASH, BOR, CBC, CBD, HPC, MON, PGU, PYZ, RCI, RH, SIM, 

WCA, WRD. 
AMR, BOR, CBC, CBD, HKD, MON, PYZ, RCI,UCC,UPL. 
ASH, BOR, CGL, CIK, CM, CPV, DSO, EW, FAR, FCD, GE. GEI, 

GRG, GRV, HAN, HER, HKD, ICF, INL, KYN, MID, MMM, 

MON, MRB, NPV, ORO, PRX, PYZ, RCI, REL, RH, SHA, SM, 

SW, UCC, X. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



148 

TABLE 2. --Plastics and resin materials: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 2968- 

Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



THERMOSETTING RESINS- -Continued 

*Phenolic and other tar acid resins--Continued 
*A11 other uses (including export) 

*Polyurethane and diisocyanate resins 

*Rosin modifications: 

*Rosin and rosin esters, unmodified (ester gums) 
*A11 other 

'Silicone resins 

Styrene-alkyd polyesters 

*Urea and melamine resins: 

*Textile treating and coating resins 

*Paper treating and coating resins 

Molding materials 

Bonding and adhesive resins for: 
* Laminating 

* Plywood 

*Fibrous and granulated wood 

*Protective coatings 

*AI1 other uses (including export) 

*A11 other thermosetting resins 



THERMOPLASTIC RESINS 
Acrylic resins 

*Cellulose plastics materials: 
Sheets, continuous: 
*Under 0.003 gage 

*0.003 gage and over 

*A11 other sheets, rods, and tubes 

'Molding and extrusion materials 

*Couiiiarone-indene and petroleum polymer resins 
* Floor tile 

* Rubb er compoundi ng 

*A11 other uses (including export) 



ACP, ACR. AMR, ASH, BME, BOR, CBR, EW. FRL, GE, GEI, 
HER, HKD, HVG, IOC, IRC, KND, KPT, MCA, MMM, MON, 
MRB, NCI, PLS. FTP, PYR, RAB, RCI, REZ, RGC, RH, 
RPC, SCN, SNC, SW, UCC, UNO, USR, WTC. 

ARK, ASH, BFG, CGL, DUP, EW, FAR, GPM, HAP, HYC, ICI, 
IPI, JWL, KMC, MCC, MID, PEL, FTP, PVI, PYR, QUN, 
RCI, REZ, SCN, SKT, UPJ, x. 

ASH, CBY, DPP, FAR, FRP, MCC, NCI, FTP. 

ASH, CBY, DPP, EW, FAR, FRP, NCI, OSB, RH, SCF. 

ACP, ASH, DCC, RCI, SPD, UCC. 

ASH, CGL, EW, FLW, MCC. 

ACY, APX, ASH, CBR, DAN, DUP, HNC, HRT, JSC, MON, MRA, 

ONX, PC, QCP, RCI, RH, RPC, S, SBC, SED, SNW, STC, 
TXT, USO, VAL, WIC. 

ACY, AMR, BME, BOR, CBC, CBD, DUP, HPC, MMM, MON, RCI, 
RH, SIM, X. 

ACP, ACY., BOR, CAP, FMB, PMC, SFA. 

ACY, ASH, BOR, CBR, FOM, GE, MON, NPP, NTC, PGU, PMC, 

PPL, RCI. 
ACP, ACY, ASH, BOR, CBC, CBD, HPC, MON, NTC, PGU, RCI, 

RH, SAC, SOR, WRD. 
ACY, AMR, BOR, CBC, CBD, IPR, MON, PGU, RCI, SOR, SYV, 

UPL. 
ACP, ACY, CEL, CPV, DSO, DUP, GLD, GRV, HAN, KPS, MID, 

MON, NON, PPG, RCI, REL, RH, SCN, SED, SW. 
ACP, ACY, AMR, ASH, BOR, CIS, CMP, DEP, DUP, EFH, FMB, 

HPC, IRI, MON, RCI, REN, RH, RPC, S, SBC, SEY, TV, 

UNO, VAL. 
ACP, ACY, DCC, HVG, MID, MOB, MON, NTC, OCF, PPG. 



ACY, ASH, CEL, CIB, gUP, EFH, FLH, GLC, GLX, HRT, JNS , 
JSC, ORO, PCI, PVI, QUN, RH, RPC, SAR, SED, SEY, SH, 
SNW, UCC, VAL, VPC, WIC, X, x. 



CEL, DUP, EKT. 

CEL, DOW, EKT, HN, MON, MPP, SPY, x. 

CEL, HN, MPP, RSB, SPY, x. 

CBN, CEL, DOW, EKT, MON, RSB. 

ACP, NEV, PAI, RCI, VEL. 

ACC, ACP, KPI, NEV, PAI, RCI, VEL. 

ACC, ACP, DSO, DUP, ENJ, GLD, MCA, MID, NEV, ORO, 
PAI, PPG, RCI, VEL, VSV. 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 

TABLE 2. --Plastics and resin materials: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968 — 

Continued 



149 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2] 



THERMOPLASTIC RESINS — Continued 

Polyaraide resins: 

*NyIon type 

Non- ny Ion type 

Polyolefin plastics materials: 
Ethylene polymers and copolymers: 
Production: 
*High-pressure polyethylene 



ALF, BCM, CEL, DUP, FG, GOC, MON, POL. 
AMR, DUP, EMR, GNM, HN, UCC. 



♦Low-pressure polyethylene 

'Ethylene copolymers 

"Polyethylene, density 0.940 and below: 
*Sales and use: 

* Inject ion molding 



*Blow molding — 
*Film and sheet - 



'Extrusion coating on paper and other 

substrates 

*Wire and cable 

*Pipe and conduit 

*Other extruded products 

*'^11 other uses (including export) 



'Polyethylene, density over 0.940: 
'Sales and use: 

'Injection molding 



'Blow molding- 



*Film and sheet- 



'Extrusion coating on paper and other 

substrates 

'Wire and cable 

'Pipe and conduit 

'Other extruded products 

'All other uses (including export) 



Polypropylene: 
'Production 

'Sales and use: 

Injection and blow molding 

Film and sheet 

Fibers and filaments 

Other extruded products 

All other uses (including export)- 
'Styrene type plastics materials: 
ABS and SAN resins: 
'Production 



'Sales and use: 

'Molding 

' Extrus i on 

'All other uses (including export)- 



ACP, CBN, CPX, DOW, DUP, EKX, 

RCC, UCC, USI. 
ACP, CEL, CPX, DOW, DUP, HPC, 
DUP, ENJ, UCC, USI. 



ACP, CBN, CEL, CPX, DOW, DUP, 

PLC, RCC, UCC, USI. 

CBN, DOW, DUP, EKX, KPP, MON, 

ACP, CBN, CEL, CPX, DOW, DUP, 

PLC, RCC, UCC, USI. 

CEL, CPX, DOW, DUP, EKX, GOC, 

DOW, DUP, EKX, KPP, MON, PLC, 

EKX, GOC, KPP, PLC, UCC, USI. 

CEL, CPX, DOW, DUP, EKX, ENJ, 

ACP, CEL, CPX, DOW, DUP, EKX, 
PLC, RCC, UCC, USI. 



ACP, CEL. CPX, DOW, DUP, EKX, 

UCC, USI. 
ACP, CEL, CPX, DOW, DUP, EKX, 

SHC, UCC, USI. 
ACP, CEL, CPX, DOW, DUP, EKX, 

UCC, USI. 

DUP, EKX, PLC, UCC, USI. 
ACP, CEL, DUP, EKX, HPC, KPP, 



ACP, CEL, DUP, 

CEL, DOW, DUP, 

ACP, CEL, CPX, 

UCC, USI. 



EKX, HPC, KPP, 
EKX, HPC, KPP, 
DOW, DSO, DUP, 



ENJ, GOC, KPP, MON, 
KPP, MON, PLC, UCC, USI. 



EKX, ENJ, GOC, KPP, MON, 



PLC, RCC, UCC, USI. 
ENJ, EKX, GOC, KPP, MON, 



MON, PLC, RCC, UCC, USI. 
UCC, USI. 



KPP, PLC, UCC, USI. 
ENJ, GOC, KPP, MON, 



HPC, KPP, PLC, SHC, 
HPC, KPP, MON, PLC, 
HPC, KPP, PLC, SHC, 



MON, PLC, SHC,. UCC. 
PLC, SHC, UCC, USI. 
PLC, UCC, USI. 
EKX, HPC, KPP, MON, PLC, 



AVS, DA, EKX, ENJ, HPC, NVT, RCC, SHC. 



ACP, EKX, ENJ, HPC, NVT, PLC, 
ACP, AVS, DA, EKX, ENJ, HPC, 
EKX, ENJ, HPC, PLC, SHC. 
EKX, ENJ, HPC, PLC, RCC, SHC. 
ACP, AVS, DA, EKX, ENJ, HPC, 



BFG, DOW, FBF, FIR, GRD, KPP, 
UCC, USR. 

BFG, DOW, FBF, KPP, MCB, MON, 

BFG, DOW, MCB, MON, RCC, UCC, 

BFG, DOW, FIR, GRD, KPP, MCB, 



RCC, SHC, UCC. 
RCC, SHC, UCC. 



NVT, PLC, RCC, SHC, UCC. 
MCB, MON, RCC, SW, 



UCC, USR. 

USR. 

MON, RCC, SW, UCC, USR. 



150 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



TABLE 2. --Plastics and resin materials: Manufaaturers ' identification codes, by products, 1968- 

Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



THERMOPLASTIC RESINS- -Continued 

*Styrene type plastics materials--Continued 
Styrene and styrene copolymer resins: 
♦Production: 

Straight polystyrene 

Rubber- modified polystyrene 

Styr ene-but adi ene copo lymer 

All other 

*Sales and use: 

♦Molding 

♦Textile and paper treating and coatin; 

♦Emulsion paint 

♦Extrus ion 

*Foam and foamable materials 

♦All other uses (including export] 

Vinyl resins: 

Polyvinyl chloride and copolymers: 
♦Production: 

Suspens ion homopo lymers 

Suspension copolymers 

Dispersions (paste) 

♦Sales and use: 

♦Calendering, except flooring 

Flooring: 
♦Calendered 

♦Coated 

Paper and textile uses: 
♦Coating 

♦Other 

♦Protective coatings and adhesives 

♦Wire and cable 

♦Extruded film and sheet 

♦Other extruded products 

♦Sound records 

♦Injection and blow molding 



BPL, CBN, CSD, DOW, FBF, FG, JNS, JSC, KPP, MON, 

ONX, ORO, PLA, PRX, RCC, SOL, SPI , SW, TIC, UBS, 

UCC. 
BOR, BPL, CSD. DOW, FG, GOR, KPP, MON, PLA, RCC, 

SHC, UCC. 
BFG. BOR, DOW, FIR, GAF, OLD, GNT, GRD, GYR, KPP, 

SBI, USR, WIC. 
ACC, BAS, BCN, BFG, DOW, DSC, DUP, GAF, GLD, GRD, 

IOC, JSC, MON, MRT, NLC, PAI, POL, PRX, PVI, RCC, 

RCD, RH, SM. 

BFG, BPL, CBN, CSD, DOW, FBF, FG , FIR, GOR, GYR, KPP, 

MON, PLA, RCC, SHC, SOL, TIC, UCC, USR. 
BOR, DOW, FIR, GAF, GNT, GRD, GYR, JSC, KPP, MON, 

MRT, PRX, SBI, USR, WIC. 
BOR, DOW, DSC, FIR, GLD, GNT, GRD, GYR, KPP, MON, 

USR. 
BFG, CBN, CSD, DOW, KPP, MON, RCC, SHC, UCC. 
BAS, CBN, CSD, DOW, FG, GYR, KPP, MON, RCC, UCC. 
ACC, BAS, BCN, BFG, BOR, DOW, DSO, DUP, FG, GAF, GNT, 

GRD, GYR, IOC, JSC, KPP, MON, MRT, ONX, ORO, PAI, POL, 

PRX, PVI, RCC, RH, SHC, SM, SPI, UBS, UCC, USR. 



ACP, AME, ATU, BFG, BOR,CPL, CRY, CUC , DA, DOW, ESC, 

FIR, GNT, GRA, GYR, MON, PNT, SFA, THC , TNA, UCC, USR. 
ACP, AME, BFG, BOR,CPL, CRY, CUC, DA, FIR, GNT, GYR, 

KYS, NSC, ONX, PNT, SFA, THC, TNA, UCC 
ACP, BFG, BOR, CRY, DA, FIR, GYR, MON, SFA, THC, UCC, 
USR. 

AME, ATU, BFG, BOR, CPL, CRY, CUC, DA, DOW, ESC, FIR, 
GNT, GYR, MON, PNT, SFA, THC, UCC, USR. 

AME, ATU, BFG, BOR, CPL, CRY, CUC, DA, ESC, FIR, MON, 

PNT, SFA, THC, UCC. 
BFG, BOR, CRY, DA, FIR, GYR, MON, THC, UCC, USR. 

ATU, BFG, BOR, CRY, DA, FIR, MON, ONX, SFA, THC, 

USR. 
BFG, BOR, DA, FIR, THC, UCC. 
BFG, BOR, CRY, DA, ESC, FIR, MON, NSC, UCC. 
ACP, AME, ATU, BFG, BOR, CPL, CRY, CUC, DA, DOW> FIR, 

MON, PNT, THC, UCC, USR. 
ACP, AME, BFG, BOR, CPL, CRY, CUC, DA, DOW, FIR, GYR, 

MON, PNT, SFA, THC, UCC, USR. 
ACP, AME, ATU, BFG, BOR, CPL, CRY, CUC, DA, DOW, ESC, 

FIR, GNT, GYR, MON, PNT, SFA, THC, UCC, USR. 
ACP, AME, BFG, BOR, CPL, CRY, CUC, DA, FIR, KYS, MON, 

PNT, SFA, UCC, USR. 
ACP, ATU, BFG, BOR, CPL, CRY, DA, ESC, FIR, GYR, MON, 

PNT, SFA, THC, UCC, USR. 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 

TABLE 2. --Plastics and resin materials: Manufacturers' identification codes. 

Continued 



151 



products, 1968- 



THERMOPUSTIC RESINS- -Continued 

Vinyl resins--Continued 

Polyvinylchloride and copolymers--Continued 
*Sales and use- -Continued 

*Plastisol formulating and molding 

*A11 other uses [including export] 

Polyvinyl acetate: 
•Production: 

* Latexes 

*Resins 

*Sales and use: 

* Emu Is ion paints 

*Adhesives 

* Paper treating 

*Text i 1 e t reat i ng 

*A11 other uses (including expo^-t)-- 

* Polyvinyl alcohol 

*Other vinyl resins 

*A11 other thermoplastic resins 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



ACP, BFG, BOR, CRY, DA, FIR, MON, PNT, PYR, SFA, 

THC, UCC, USR. 
AME, BFG, BOR, CPL, CRY, CUC, DA, DOW, ESC, FIR, 

GNT, GRA, GYR, MON, PNT, SFA, THC, TNA, UCC, USR. 



AML, BEN, BOR, BOY, GEL, CUC, DSO, DUP.HAR, FC, FLH.GLC, 
GLD, GRD, HAN, HNC, HRT, JOB, JSC, KMC, KMP, MCC, 
MMM, MON, NPV, NSC, NTC, OBC, PFP, PII, PRX, FTP, 
QCP, RPC, SED, SPC, UCC, WIC, x. 

ASH, BEN, BLS, BOR, CST, CUC, DSO, DUP, FAR, HNC, 
MON, MRN, NCI, NSC, ONX, PPG, PTP, RCI, RPC, SCO, 
SEY. SH, UCC, X. 

AML, ASH, BEN, BOR, GEL, CUC, DSO, DUP, FAR, FLH, GLC, 

GLD, GRD, HAN, KMC, KMP, MCC, MON, NCI, NSC, OBC, 

PFP, PPG, PRX, PTP, RCI, RPC, SED, SPG, UCC, WIC. 
AML, ASH, BOR, GEL, CUC, DUP, FC, FLH, GRD, HNC, MMM, 

MON, MRN, NCI, NSC, NTC, PII, PPG, RCI, SH, UCC, WIC. 
AML, BOR, CEL, CUC, DSO, DUP, FLH, MMM, MON, NSC, PII, 

WIC. 
AML, BOR, CEL, CST, CUC, DUP, GRD, HRT, NSC, PII, SCO, 

UCC, WIC. 
AML, BCN, BOR, CEL, CUC, DUP, GLC, GRD, JSC, MON, NSC, 

PII, QCP, RCI, SCO, SEY, UCC. 
BOR, CUC, DUP, FG, MON. 

BAS, BOR, DOW, DUP, EW, GLD, GRD, MCC, MON, SH, UCC. 
ACP, CBY, CEL, GIB, DEP, DUP, GE, GGY, JSC, MOB, MMM, 

PTP, RH, RPC, SBC, SCN, SNW, UNO, UOC, VAL, WIC. 



RUBBER- PROCESSING CHEMICALS 153 



Rubber-processing chemicals are organic compounds that 
are added to natural and synthetic rubbers to give them 
qualities necessary for their conversion into finished 
rubber goods. In this report, statistics are given for 
cyclic and acyclic compounds, by use--such as accelerators, 
antioxidants, blowing agents, and peptizers. Data on 
production and sales of rubber-processing chemicals in 1968 
are given in table 1. Table 2 lists these products and 
identifies the manufacturers. 

Production of rubber-processing chemicals as a group 
in 1968 amounted to 313 million pounds, or 18.4 percent 
more than the 264 million pounds reported for 1967. Sales 
of rubber-processing chemicals in 1968 amounted to 236 mil- 
lion pounds, valued at $151 million, compared with 201 mil- 
lion pounds, valued at $132 million, in 1967. The increased 
production and sales of rubber-processing chemicals in 1968 
is attributable principally to the increased production and 
sales of cyclic compounds, particularly the thiazole accel- 
erators and the amino antioxidants. 

The output of cyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 
1968 amounted to 264 million pounds, 19.7 percent more than 
the 220 million pounds reported for 1967. Sales in 1968 
were 199 million pounds, valued at $133 million, compared 
with 170 million pounds, valued at $116 million, in 1967. Of 
the total output of cyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 
1968, accelerators accounted for 31.5 percent and antioxidants 
for 62.9 percent. Production of antioxidants, which amounted 
to 165.7 million pounds in 1968, included 124.6 million pounds 
of amino compounds and 41.1 million pounds of phenolic and 
phosphite compounds. Sales of amino antioxidants in 1968 were 
91.2 million pounds, valued at $61.3 million; sales of phenolic 
and phosphite antioxidants were 30.3 million pounds, valued at 
$22.4 million. 

Production of acyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1968 
amounted to 49.1 million pounds, an increase of 11.6 percent over 



154 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



the 44.0 million pounds reported for 1967. Sales in 1968 
totaled 36.6 million pounds, valued at $18.4 million, com- 
pared with 30.9 million pounds, valued at $15.5 million, in 
1967. Accelerators, principally dithiocarbamic acid deriv- 
atives and tetramethylthiuram sulfides, accounted for 49.2 
percent of the output of acyclic rubber-processing chemicals 
for 1968. Dodecyl mercaptans accounted for 29.5 percent. 
Blowing agents, modifiers, short-stops, and lubricating and 
conditioning agents accounted for the remainder of the output 
of acyclic compounds. 



RUBBER- PROCESSING CHEMICALS 



155 



TABLE l.--Rubbev-ppoaessing chemioals: U.S. production and sales, 1968 

[Listed below are all rubber-processing chemicals for wliicl\ any reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. (Leaders are used where tlie reported data are accepted in confidence and nay not be published or 
where no data were reported. 5 Table 2 lists separately all rubber-processing cliemicals for which data on 
production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



i'roduction 



Unit 
value' 



Grand total 

RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

Total 

Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents, total 

Aldehyde-aniine reaction products 

Dithiocarbaraic acid derivatives 

Thiazole derivatives, total 

N-Cyclohexy 1-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

2,2'-Dithiobis (benzothiazole) 

2 -Mercap tob en zo thiazole 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, zinc salt 

All otlier thiazole derivatives 

All other accelerators 

Antioxidants, aiitiozonants , and stabilizers, total 

.^mino compounds, total 

Aldehyde- and acetone-araine reaction products 

Substituted p-phenylenediamines , total 

N,N'-Diphenyl-p-plienylenediamine 

All other substituted p-phenylenediamines 

Octyldi phenyl amine 

N- Phenyl- 2- naph thy 1 amine 

All other amino antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers 
Phenolic and phospliite antioxidants and stabilizers, total — 

Polyphenolics Cincluding bisphenols) 

Phenol, alkylated 

Phenol, styrenated 

All other phenolic and phospliite antioxidants and 

stabilizers 

ii lowing agents 

Peptizers 

All other cyclic rubber-processing chemicals^ 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1, 000 

powids 



512.647 



265,554 



70,078 
4,886 

22,780 
6,072 
4,436 

31,904 

11,305 

165,735 



124,598 

56,915 

1,743 

55,172 

3,864 

5,068 

58,751 

41,137 

11,458 

13,306 

1,700 

14,693 



6,840 
8.007 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
do I lars 



132,880 



64,702 



1,146 

163 

52,755 

3,726 
11,571 



37,458 
10,638 



121,485 



91,196 
4,698 

38,420 
1,342 

37,078 
3,005 

45,073 
30,289 



3,823 
6,659 



58,206 



1,134 

348 

27,801 



19,195 



83,648 



61,275 
2,671 

34,096 
1,331 

32,765 
1,601 

22,907 



6,487 
5,870 



powid 
S0.64 



.67 



.59 
.99 
2.13 
.53 
.61 
.55 



.51 

.84 



.69 
.67 
.57 



.51 

.74 

1.21 



.50 
1.54 



156 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



TABLE l.--Rubber-prooessing ahemiaals: U.S. production and sales, I96d--Continued 



Quantity 



Unit 
value' 



RUBBER-PROCESSING QIEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents, total 

Dithiocarbamic acid derivatives, total 

Dibuty Idithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

All other dithiocarbamic acid derivatives 

Thiurams, total"* 

Bis (diethylthiocarbamoyi) disulfide 

Bis (dime thy Ithiocarbamoyl) disulfide 

Bis (dimethylthiocarbamoyl) sulfide 

All other thiurams 

All other accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents 

Dodecyl me reap tans 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

All other acyclic rubber-processing chemicals^ 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 



1,000 
do I tors 



18,388 



24,164 



18,277 



8,411 
1,326 
2,061 
1,897 
1,842 
1,285 



8,497 
1,881 

5,375 

14,497 
4,550 
5,882 



1,996 


1,894 


1,583 


977 


1,666 


758 


2,116 


2,018 


10,673 


4,909 


787 


461 


8,128 


3,131 


1,590 


1,230 


168 


87 


243 


267 


12,687 


4,711 


1,914 


713 


3,705 


2,141 



Per 
pound 



$0.50 



.95 
.62 
.45 



.77 

.52 

1.10 



.37 
.58 



Calculated from rounded figures. 
^ Includes retarders, tackifiers, physical-property improvers, and production data for blowing agents. 
^ Data on dithiocarbamates included in this table are for materials used chiefly in the processing of natural 
and synthetic rubbers. Data on dithiocarbamates which are used chiefly as fungicides will be included in the 
report "Pesticides and Related Products". 

Includes data for small amounts of tetramethylthiurara sulfides for uses other than in the processing of 
natural and synthetic rubbers. 

^ Includes production data for thiurams. 

^ Includes blowing agents, polymerization regulators, shortstops, and conditioning and lubricating agents. 



RUBBER- PROCESSING CHEMICALS 



157 



TABLE 2.--Rubber-proaessing chemicals: Manufacturers' identification codes, by 

products, 1968 



[Riibber-processing chenicals for which senarate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an 
asterisk (*) ; chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted 
in confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken 
from the Appendix, tables 1 and 2. An x signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to his identi- 
fication with the designated product.] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
Csee Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

^Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents: 
*Aldehyde-amine reaction products: 

Ace t aldehyde- aniline condensate 

n- But yraldehyde- aniline condensate 

Butyraldehyde-butylideneaniline condensate 

a-Ethyl-6-propylacrylani lide 

Heptaldehyde-ani line condensate 

Triethyltrimethylenetri amine 

*Dithiocarbajiiic acid derivatives: 

Dibenzyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

Dibenzyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Dibutyldithiocarbaniic acid, N.N-diniethylcyclo- 

hexylamine salt. 
Dibutyldithiocarbaniic acid, diphenylguanidine 

salt. 

2,4-Dinitrophenyl dimethyldithiocarbamate 

Piperidinecarbodithioic acid, piperidinium- 

potassiura salts, mixed. 
Guani dines : 

Dicatechol borate, di-o-tolylguanidine salt 

1,3- Diphenylguanidine 

Diphenylguanidine ph thai ate 

1,3- Di-o-tolylguanidine 

1, 2, 3-Tri phenyl guani dine 

*Thiazole derivatives: 

2-Benzothiazyl N,N-diethylthiocarbamoyl sulfide 

1, 3-Bis C2-benzothiazolylraercaptomethyl)urea 

N-tert-Butyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenainide 

*N-Cyclohexyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenainide 

N,N-Diisopropyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenanide 

N-C2,6-Dimethylmorpholino)-2-benzothiazolesul- 

f en amide. 

*2,2'-Dithiobis Cbenzothiazole) 

*2-Mercaptobenzothiazole 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, zinc chloride 

*2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, zinc salt 

4-Morpholinyl-2-benzothiazyl disulfide 

N-Oxydi ethylene- 2 -ben zothiazolesulfenamide 

Thiazoline-2-thiol 

All other cyclic accelerators, activators, and 

vulcanizing agents: 

p-Benzoquinonedioxime 

Bis (p-ajiiinocyclohexyl)methane carbamate 

Bis (morpholinothiocarbonyl) disulfide 

Dibenzoyl-p-quinonedioxime 

Dibenzyl amine 

N,N'-Dicinnamylidene-l,6-hexanediaraine 

Di-N,N'-pentamethylenethiuram tetrasulfide 

4,4'-Dithiodimorpholine 

2-lmidazoline-2-thiol 

m-Phenylenebismaleimide 

Poly-p-dinitrosobenzene 

Styrene polysulfide 

m-Tolylenebismaleimide 

3Rfl-333 O - 70 - 11 



USR. 

DUP, HON, RCD, USR. 

MON. 

ceo. 

USR. 
USR. 

USR. 

USR, WRC. 
MON. 

ceo. 

USR. 
DUP. 



DUP. 
ACY. 
MON. 
ACY. 
ACS. 

PAS. 

MON. 

ACY, MON. 

ACY, BFG, MON, USR. 

ACY. 

MON. 

ACY, BFG, GYR, MON, USR. 

ACY, BFG, GYR, MON, USR. 

DUP. 

ACY, BFG, DUP, GYR, USR. 

GYR. 

ACY, BFG, MON. 

ACY. 



CTN, DUP. 

DUP. 

ACY. 

CTN, USR. 

MLS, USR. 

DUP. 

DUP, VNC. 

MON. 

DUP, RBC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

TKL. 

DUP. 



158 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



-Rubber-proaessing ahemiaals: 
products,, 19t 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
3 — Continued 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC — Continued 

'Antioxidants, antiozonants , and stabilizers: 

*Ainino antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers: 
*Aldehyde- and acetone-amine reaction products: 
Acetaldeliyde-aniline hydrochloride condensate- 

Aldol -a- naph thy lamina condensate 

Butyraldehyde-ani line condensate 

Dipheny lamina -ace tone condensate 

Pheny 1-2 -naph thy 1 amine- ace tone condensate 

*Substituted p-phenylenediamines : 

N,N'-Bis (l,4-dimethylpentyl)-p-phenylenedi- 

amina. 
N,N'-Bis (l-ethyl-3-methylpentyl)-p-phenylene- 
di amine. 

N,N'-Bis (l-me thy lheptyl)-p-phenylenedi amine 

N-se c- But yl-N' -pheny 1-p-phanylanedi amine 

N- Cyclohexyl-N' -pheny 1-p -pheny lanadi amine 

Diarylarylenadi amines, mixed 

N,N'-Di-sec-butyl-p-phenylenediamine 

N- (1,3- Diraethylbutyl )-N' -pheny 1-p-phenylenedi - 
amine. 

N,N'-Di-2-naphthyl-p-phenylenediamine 

*N,N' -Dipheny 1-p-phenylenedi amine 

N-Isopropyl-N' -pheny 1-p-phenylenedi amine 

N- (1-Me thy lheptyl)-N' -pheny 1-p-phenylane- 
di amine. 

Nitroso-N-pheny 1-p -pheny lenadi amine 

All other p-plienylenediamines 

Other amino antioxidants, antiozonants, and 
stabilizers : 

p-Anilinophenol 

Di alky 1 thiourea 

l,2-Dihydro-6-dodecyl-2,2,4-trimethylquinoline 
1, 2-Dihydro-6-ethoxy- 2,2,4- t rime thy Iquinolina- 

l,2-Dihydro-2,2,4-trinetIiylquinoline 

4,4' - Dime thoxydiph any lamina 

4, 4' -Dioctyl dipheny 1 amine 

N,N' -Di pheny lethylenedi amine 

N,N' - Dipheny 1-1,3-pr op ane diamine 

N,N'-Di-o-toly lethylenedi amine 

p- I s op ropoxydi phenyl amine 

4,4' -Methylenediani line 

*Octyl dipheny 1 amine 

Octyldiphenylamina mixture (mono-, nonyl-, and 
di-). 

N-Phenyl-1-naph thy lamina 

*N-Phenyl-2-naphthy lamina 

p- Cp-Toluenesulfonamido)diphany lamina 

*Phenolic and phosphite antioxidants and 
stabilizers : 
Phosphites : 

Di pheny Idecyl phosphite 

Nonyl phenyl phosphites, mixed 

Phenyldidecyl phosphite 

Phosphite stabilizers 

Polyphenolic phosphite, polyalkylated 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(sea Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



USR. 






BFG. 






DUP. 






ACY, 


BFG, 


USR. 


USR. 






EKT, 


USR, 


X. 


MON, 


UPM. 




BFG, 


MON, 


UPM. 


USR. 






USR. 






GYR. 






USR. 






GYR. 






BFG. 






BFG, 


DUP, 


SDC, USR. 


MON, 


USR. 




BFG. 






USR. 






MON . 






BFG. 






PAS. 






MON. 






MON. 






BFG, 


MON. 




DUP. 






BFG. 






ceo. 


DA, 


X. 


ceo. 






ceo. 






BFG. 






USR. 






ACY, 


NPI 


PAS, USR 


BFG. 






DUP, 


UCC 




BFG, 


DUP 


USR. 


USR. 







UK. 

USR. 

UK. 

NPI. 

BFG. 



RUBBER- PROCESSING CHEMICALS 



159 



-Bubber-processing ahemiaals: Manufacturers' identification codes, by 
products, 1968 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



RUBBtR-PROCESSlNG CHEMICALS, CYCLIC--Continued 

Antioxidants, antiozonants , and stablizers--Con. 
'Phenolic and phosphite antioxidants and 
stabi lizers-- Continued 
*Polyplienolics (including bisphenols) : 

Bis phenol , hindered 

4,4'-Butylidenebis (6-tert-butyl-m-cresol) 

2 , 5- Di- ( 1 , 1- dime thy Ipropy 1 ) hy droqui none 

2,2'-Methylenebis (6-tert-butyl-p-cresol) 

2,2'-Methylenebis(6-tert-butyl-4-ethylplienol)- 
2,2' -Methylenebis [6- (l-methylcyclohexyl) -p- 
cresol] . 

2, 2 '-Methylenebis (6-tert-octyl-p-cresol) 

2,2'-Thiobis(4,6-di-sec-amylphenol) 

4,4'-Thiobis (6-tert-butyl-ni-cresol) 

1, l,3-Tri(2-inethyl-4-hydroxy-5-tert-butyl- 
phenyl)butane. 
Other phenolic antioxidants and stabilizers: 

p-Benzyloxyphenol 

N- Buty roy 1-p - aminoph eno 1 

o-Cresol , alkylated 

N-Lauroyl-p-aminophenol 

* Phenol , alkylated 

Phenol , hindered 

*Phenol , styrenated 

N-S t e aroy 1-p -aminoph eno 1 

Xylenol, alkylated 

'Blowing agents : 

N,N' -Dimethyl-N,N' -dinitrosoterephthalamide 

Di ni t ros open tamethylenetetr amine 

p,p' -Oxybis (benzenesulfonhydrazide) 

'Pepti zers : 

Alkylated o-thiocresol 

Alkylated thioplienol, zinc salt 

Ary 1 me reap tans 

2-Benzamidothiophene, zinc salt 

2' ,2' ' '-Dithiobis(benzanilidej 

Dixylyl disulfides, mixed 

2-Naphthalenethiol 

Pentachlorobenzenethiol 

Pentachlorobenzene thiol, zinc salt 

Thiocresol 

Thiophenol (Benzenethiol) 

Xylenethiol 

Other cyclic rubber-processing chemicals: 

p- tert-Amy Iphenol sulfide (tackifier) 

Dicresy 1 disulfide 

N, 4- Di nit ros o-N-methyl aniline (physical-property 
improver) . 

Hindered aromatic polyamine 

N-Nit ros odiphenyl amine (retarder) 



GYR. 

HON. 

HON. 

ACY, ASH. 

ACY. 

ICI. 

ACY. 
HON . 
MON . 
ICI. 



BFG. 

MLS. 

PIT. 

MlS. 

ACY, BFG, CCO, GYR, NEV, PIT, USR. 

DUP, GYR, PIT. 

BFG, GYR, NEV, USR. 

MLS. 

PIT. 

DUP. 

DUP, NPI. 
USR. 

PIT. 
PIT. 
PIT. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
PIT. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
PIT. 
PIT. 
DUP. 

PAS. 
USR. 
MON. 

USR. 

ACY, BFG, CTN, GYR, NPI, SAL, USR. 



160 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2 .- -Rubber-processing ahemioals: Manufacturers' identification codes, by 
products, 156<»--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 



'Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents: 
*Dithiocarbaraic acid derivatives: 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, potassium salt 

'Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

*Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, selenium salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, tellurium salt 

'Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, bismuth salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbaraic acid, copper salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, lead salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, selenium salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt and 
sodium polysulfide. 

'Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

All other 

*Thiurams : 

Bis(dibutylthiocarbamoyl) sulfide 

*Bis(diethylthiocarbaraoyl) disulfide 

*Bis (dimethylthiocarbamoyl) disulfide 

Bis (dimethylthiocarbamoyl) disulfide and 2- 
mercaptobenzothiazole, mixed. 

*Bis (dimethy Ithiocarbamoyl) sulfide 

Bis (e thy Ime thy Ithiocarbamoyl) sulfide 

Thiuram blend 

Xanthates and sulfides: 

Di-n-butylxantho disulfide 

Diisopropylxantho disulfide 

Zinc dibutyl xantliate 

Zinc isopropyl xanthate 

All other acyclic accelerators, activators, and 
vulcanizing agents: 

n-Butyr aldehyde-butyl amine condensate 

Di-n-butyl ammonium oleate 

3-Ethyl-l, 1- dime thy 1-2- thiourea 

Ethylenedi amine carbamate 

1, l,3-Trimethyl-2-thiourea 

Blowing agents: 

Modified urea 

Conditioning and lubricating agents: 

Methyl stearyl-10-sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Mono- and dialkyl acid phosphates, mixed 

Mono- and dialkyl phosphate ammonium salts, mixed 
Polymerization regulators: 

Alkyl raercaptans, mixed 

*Dode cy 1 mer cap t ans 

n-Octyl me reap tan 

Tetradecyl me reap tan 

Shortstops : 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, potassium salt 

'Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

Other acyclic rubber-processing chemicals: 
Zinc laurate (activator, physical-property 

improver) . 
All other 



VNC. 










ALC, 


DUP, 


PAS, 


USR, 


VNC 


ALC, 


DUP, 


USR, 


VNC. 




WJC. 










ALC, 


PAS. 








WJC. 










ALC, 


GYR, 


USR, 


VNC. 




VNC. 










VNC. 










VNC. 










VNC. 










BFG, 


GNT. 









ALC, DUP, FMN, GYR, PAS, RBC, USR, IVRC. 
PAS, VI>1C. 

USR. 

DUP, GYR, PAS. 

DUP, GYR, PAS, USR, VNC. 

VNC. 

DUP, GYR, USR. 

PAS. 

DUP. 

USR. 
BFG. 
USR. 

VNC. 



DUP. 
DUP. 
VNC. 
DUP. 
VNC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 



PLC. 
UK, 
PAS. 
PLC. 

GYR, 
ALC, 

USR. 

ICI, 



PAS, PLC. 



USR. 

BFG, DUP, GYR, PAS, USR. 



ELASTOMERS 161 



Cyclic and acyclic elastomers (synthetic rubbers) are a group 
of high polymeric materials which have properties similar to those 
found in natural rubber. The term "elastomers", as used in this 
report, is specifically defined as substances in bale, crumb, 
powder, latex, and other crude forms, which can be vulcanized or 
similarly processed into materials that can be stretched to at 
least twice their original length and, after having been so 
stretched and the stress removed, will return with force to 
approximately their original length. 

Data on U.S. production and sales of elastomers in 1968 are 
shown in table 1. Table 2 lists these products and identifies the 
manufacturers . 

The total domestic output of all types of synthetic elastomers 
in 1968 was 4,268 million pounds, compared with 3,823 million pounds 
reported for 1967. Sales of these elastomers amounted to 3,563 million 
pounds, valued at $973 million, in 1968, compared with 3,262 million 
pounds, valued at $874 million, in 1967. 

Production of cyclic elastomers in 1968 amounted to 2,563 million 
pounds, compared with 2,298 million pounds in 1967. Sales of cyclic 
elastomers in 1968 were 2,017 million pounds, valued at $479 million, 
compared with 1,940 million pounds, valued at $440 million, in the 
previous year. Of the total U.S. production of cyclic elastomers in 
1968, the polybutadiene-styrene type (including vinylpyridine) 
accounted for 2,545 million pounds, and the polyurethane type for 18 
million pounds. 

The U.S. production of acyclic elastomers in 1968 was 1,705 
million pounds, compared with 1,525 million pounds in 1967. Sales of 
these products in 1968 amounted to 1,546 million pounds, valued at 
$494 million. Of the 1968 production of acyclic elastomers, stereo 
elastomers were produced in the largest amount (809 million pounds), 
followed by the polyisobutylene-isoprene type (252 million pounds), 
and the polybutadiene-acrylonitrile type (N-type) (160 million pounds) . 
The stereo elastomers are composed principally of polybutadiene, poly- 
isoprene, and ethylene-propylene rubber. Production of silicone 
elastomers in 1968 was 9.2 million pounds and of other acyclic elas- 
tomers was 475 million pounds. The latter figure includes polyacry- 
late, polyalkalene sulfide, polychloroprene, polyisobutylene, and 
types of other elastomers of lesser importance. 



162 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 1. — Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) :^ U.S. production and sates, 1968 



[Listed below are all elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for which reported data on production or sales may be 
published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published 
or where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists all elastomers for which data on production or sales were 
reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Sales 



Unit 
value ^ 



Grand total 

ELASTOMERS, CYCLIC 

Total 

Polybutadiene-styrene type (S-type) ' 

Polybutadiene-styrene-vinylpyridine type 

Poly ure thane type 

ELASTOMERS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Polybutadiene-acrylonitrile type (N-type)-- 

Polyisobutylene-isoprene type (Butyl) 

Silicone elastomers 

Stereo elastomers, total 

Stereo polybutadiene 

All other stereo elastomers 

All other acyclic elastomers ^ 



1,000 
pounds 



4,268,086 



1,000 
pounds 



3,562,704 



1,000 
do I tars 



975,157 



Per 

pound 



2,017,026 



479,058 



2,516,486 
28,638 
17,941 



1,705,021 



1,988,037 
14,131 
14,858 



1. 545,678 



455,978 
8,307 

14,773 



494,099 



.23 
.59 
.99 



.32 



159,990 
252,066 

9,227 

808,719 



141,963 

9,131 

660.82 7 



65,797 

28,358 

132.018 



.46 

3.11 

.20 



492,024 
316,695 



475,019 



410,520 
250,307 



733,757 



77,060 
54,958 



267,926 



.19 
.22 



' The term "elastomers" is defined as substances in bale, crumb, powder, latex, and other crude forms which 
can be vulcanized or similarly processed into materials that can be stretched at 68° F. to at least twice their 
original length and, after having been so stretched and the stress removed, will return with force to 
approximately their original length. 
Calculated from rounded figures. 

' Elastomer-content basis. 

"" Partly estimated. 

^ Includes data for polyacrylate, polyalkalene sulfide, polychloroprene, polyisobutylene, and other elastomers, 
and for sales of polyisobutylene- isoprene elastomers. 

Note. --Statistics on the production of S-type, N-type, Butyl, neoprene, and stereo elastomers were compiled 
in cooperation with the U.S. Bureau of the Census. 



ELASTOMERS 

TABLE 2. '-Elastomers (synthetic rubber's}: Manufacturers ' identification codeSj by products, li 



163 



[Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an 
asterisk (*); products not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in 
confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from 
the AppenJix, tables 1 and 2. An x signifies that the maiiutacturer did not consent to nis identifica- 
tion with the designated product.] 



ELASTOMERS, CYCLIC 

*Polybutadiene-styrene type (S-type) 

*Polybutadiene-styrene-vinylpyridine type- 
*Po lyurethane type 

ELASTOMERS, ACYCLIC 

Polyacrylate ester type 

Polyalkalene sulfide type 

Polybutadiene type 

*Polybutadiene-acrylonitrile type (N-type) 
Polychloroprene type (Neoprene) 

*PolyisobutyIene-isoprene type (Butyl) 

Reaction products of natural rubber 

*Silicone elastomers 

*Stereo e las tomers 

All other 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



ASH, ASY, BFG, CMC, CPY, FIR, FRS, GGC, GNT, 

GYR, MCB, PLC, RUB, SBI , SHC, TUS, USR, WIC. 
BFG, FIR, FRS, GNT, GYR, USR. 
ACY, DUP, GNT, MOB, PRC , RUB, TKL, USR. 



ACY, BFG, TKL. 

PRC, TKL. 

BFG, FRS, GYR, TKL, TUS. 

BFG, FRS, GYR, SBI, USR. 

DUP. 

CBN, ENJ. 

GYR, HPC, ICI. 

DCC, SFA, SPD, UCC. 

ASY, BAR, DUP, ENJ, FRS. GGC, GNT, GYR, PLC, SHC, 

TUS, USR. 
DUP, ENJ, X. 



PLASTICIZERS 165 



Plasticizers are organic chemicals that are added to synthetic 
plastics and resin materials to (l) improve workability during fabri- 
cation, (2) extend or modify the natural properties of these resins, or 
(3) develop new improved properties not present in the original resins. 
Plasticizers reduce the viscosity of the resins and make it easier to 
shape and form them at high temperatures and pressures. They also impart 
flexibility and other desirable properties to the finished product. 

Statistics on production and sales of plasticizers are given in table 1, 
Table 2 lists the individual products and identifies the manufacturers of 
each. 

Total U.S. production of plasticizers in I968 amounted to 1,331 
million pounds — representing an increase of 5.^ percent over the output 
of 1,263 million pounds reported for I96T. Sales in I968 of the plasti- 
cizers covered by this report amoianted to 1,239 million pounds, valued 
at $280 million, compared with l,l62 million poimds , valued at $26l 
million in I967 — increases of 6.6 percent in quantity and 7.2 percent in 
value. 

Production of cyclic plasticizers in I968, which consisted chiefly of 
the esters of phthalic anhydride and phosphoric acid, amounted to 985 
million pounds , compared with 930 million pounds in I96T — an increase of 
5.9 percent. Sales of cyclic plasticizers in I968 amounted to 918 million 
pounds, valued at $178 million, compared with 865 million pounds, valued 
at $168 million in the previous year. This represents an increase in sales 
quantity of 6.2 percent and in sales value of 5'9 percent. The production 
of dioctyl phthalates amounted to kkO million pounds or 33.0 percent of the 
total plasticizers output and ^U.7 percent of the total cyclic plasticizer 
output . 

Production of acyclic plasticizers in I968 amounted to 3^6 million 
pounds, an increase of i+.O percent, compared with 333 million pounds in 
1967. Sales of acyclic plasticizers in I968 amounted to 320 million 
pounds, valued at $102 million, compared with 297 million pounds, valued at 
$93 million, in 1967, a gain of 7.9 percent in sales quantity and 9.6 in 
value. Production of complex linear polyesters in I968 amounted to U9 
million pounds, and that of epoxidized esters, to 101 million pounds. Among 
the other products included in the acyclic class are the esters of adipic, 
azelaic, oleic, sebacic, and stearic acids. 



166 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE \.--Plastioizers: ^ U.S. production and sales, 1968 



[Listed below are plasticizers for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 

(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where 
no data were reported.) Table 2 lists all plasticizers for which data on production or sales were re- 
ported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Grand total- 



PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC 



Total- 



Phosphoric acid esters: 

Cresyl diphenyl phosphate- 

Tricresyl phosphate 

Triphenyl phosphate 



Phthalic anhydride esters, total 

Butyl octyl phthalates (including butyl 2-ethylhexyl 

phthalate and butyl iso-octyl phthalate) 

DilDUtyl phthalate 

Dicyclohexyl phthalate 

Diethyl phthalate 

Diisodecyl phthalate 

Dimethyl phthalate 

Dioctyl phthalates, total 

Di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate 

Diiso- octyl phthalate 

Mixed dioctyl phthalates (including dicapryl phthalate 

and dioctyl isophthalates) 

Di-tridecyl phthalate 

n-Hexyl n-decyl phthalate 

n-Octyl n-decyl phthalate 

All other phthalic anhydride esters 



Trimellitic acid esters, total 

n-Octyl n-decyl trimellitate 

Trioctyl trimellitate 

All other trimellitic acid esters- 
All other cyclic plasticizers^ 



PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC 



Adipic acid esters, total 

Di (2- (2-butoxyethoxy)ethyl) adipate- 

Di (2-ethylhexyl) adipate 

Diisodecyl adipate 

n-Hexyl n-decyl adipate 

Iso-octyl isodecyl adipate 

n-Octyl n-decyl adipate 

All other 



Complex linear polyesters and polymeric plasticizers ''- 
Di (2-ethylhexyl) azelate 



1,000 
pouna 



1.331,176 



19,793 

44,322 

7,876 

840,628 



29,466 

5,159 

22,722 

136,793 

6,481 

440,008 

330,484 

94,186 

15,338 
17,735 
12,428 



4,731 



Sales 



Quantity 



1,000 
pounds 



1.238.664 



19,111 

40,538 



11,764 
27,092 

18,627 

123,290 

4,682 

417,265 

321,357 

84,337 

11,571 
19,805 

38,866 
123,861 



1,492 

1,097 

2,142 

67,751 



346,075 



62,994 



1,749 

31,818 

8,401 

422 

565 

11,304 

8.735 

49,088 
6,514 



1,000 
do I lavs 



279,773 



5.277 
13,715 



69,218 



1,734 
34,476 
11,805 



10.050 
3,627 



46,550 
6,470 



1.900 
4.869 

3,617 
20,198 
940 
64,134 
48,580 
13,199 

2,355 
4.607 

7,149 
25,136 

2,540 



537 

338 

1,665 

23,643 



15,970 



773 
8,445 
3.353 



2,387 
1.012 



18,249 
2,206 



See footnotes at end of table. 



PLASTICIZERS 

TABLE l.--Plast.iaisers:^ U.S. production and sales, 1968 — Continued 



167 



PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC--Continued 



Epoxidized esters, total 

Epoxidized soya oils 

2-Ethylhexyl epoxytallates- 
All other 



Glycer>'I ironoricinoleate- 

Iscpropyl myristate 

Isopropyl palmitate 



Oleic acid esters, total 

Butyl oleate 

Glyceryl trioleate (Triolein)- 

Methyl oleate 

All other 



Phosphoric acid esters- 



Sebacic acid esters: 

Dibutyl sebacate 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) sebacate- 

Stearic acid esters, total-- 

n-Butyl stearate 

All other 



Triethylene glycol di (caprylate-caprate) -'- 

All other acyclic plasticizers^ 



1,000 
pounds 



71,120 

30,360 

313 

3,172 

814 

13,222 



2,425 
4,927 
2,460 
3,410 

17,866 



5,031 
5,163 



8,831 



1,000 
pounds 



64,099 
9,265 
21,110 

289 
3,632 



11,287 



4,480 
4,351 



2,467 
69,120 



2,024 
4,301 



4,962 
15,580 



3,896 
5,111 



7,951 



1,000 
do I tars 



26,682 



18,453 
2,469 
5,760 

124 

1,469 

310 



Unit 
value 



Per 
pound 



3,575 
4,376 



2,091 
60,318 



468 
981 



1,4 26 
6,906 



2,408 
2,829 



2,033 



873 
1,160 



746 
19,241 



.23 
.23 



.29 

.44 



.32 



' Does not include data for clearly defined extenders or secondary plasticizers. 

^ Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Includes data for alkylated naphthalene, glycol dibenzoates, hydrogenated terphenyls, phosphate esters 
(including isales of triphenyl phosphate), toluenesulfonamides, tetrahydrofurfuryl oleate, and other cyclic 
plasticizers . 

'* Adipic acid polyesters account for most of the production of complex linear polyesters and polymeric 
plasticizers. 

^ Includes data for azelaic, citric and acetylcitric, lauric, myristic, palmitic, pelargonic, ricinoleic, 
sebacic, and tartaric acid esters, glyceryl and glycol esters, and other acyclic plasticizers. 

Note. --Production and sales statistics are included in this report for some items that are not used 
exclusively as plastici/ers . 



168 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



TABLE 2 . --Plastioizers: Manufacturers' identifiaation codes, 
by products, :Z968--Continued 



[Plasticizers for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an asterisk (-1 • 
products not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in confidence' 
and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from the Appendix 
tables 1 and 2. An x signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the 
designated product.] 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 

(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC 

Coumarone-indene plasticizer 

N-Cyclohexyl-p-toluenesulfonaraide 

Dibenzyl sebacate 

Diethylene glycol dibenzoate 

Di-tert-octyldiphenyl oxide 

Dipropanediol dibenzoate 

N-Ethyl-p-toluenesulfonaraide 

Isopropylidenediphenoxypropanol 

Naphthalene, alkylated 

Phosphoric acid esters: 

p-Chlorophenyldiphenyl phosphate — 

*Cresyl diphenyl phosphate 

Dibutyl phenyl phosphate 

Diphenyl octyl phosphate 

Methyl diphenyl phosphate 

*Tricresyl phosphate 

*Triphenyl phosphate 

All other phosphoric acid esters-- 
*Phthalic anhydride esters: 

Alkyl benzyl phthalates 

Bis (4-methyl-l,2-pentyl) ph thai ate 

Butyl benzyl phthalate 

Butyl cyclohexyl phthalate 

n-Butyl n-decyl phthalate 

♦Butyl octyl phthalates: 

Butyl 2-ethylhexyl phthalate 

Butyl iso-octyl phthalate 

Butyl- n-octyl phthalate 

Di (2-butoxyethy 1) phthalate 

*Dibutyl phthalate 

*Di cyclohexyl phthalate 

Diethyl isophthalate 

♦Diethyl phthalate 

Dihexyl phthalate 

Di(isodecyl)-4,5-epoxy phthalate — 
Diisodecyl hydroph thai ate 

♦Diisodecyl phthalate 

Diisononyl phthalate 

Di (2-methoxyethy 1) phthalate 

Dimethyl isophthalate 

♦Dimethyl phthalate 

Dinonyl phthalate 

♦Dioctyl phthalates: 

Dicapryl phthalate 

Di (2-ethylhexyl) isophthalate 

♦Di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate 

♦Diiso-octyl phthalate 

♦Mixed dioctyl phthalates 

Diphenyl phthalate 

♦Ditridecyl phthalate 

2- (Ethylhexy 1) isodecy 1 phthalate — 



NEV. 










MON. 










WTH. 










VEL. 










DOW. 










VEL. 










MON. 










DOW. 










ACC. 










MON. 










FMP, 


MON, MTR, SFA. SM. 








MON. 










MON. 










FMP, 


MON. 








FMP, 


MON, MTR, 5FA. 








EK, 


MON, SFA. 








SFA. 










X. 










GRH. 










MON. 










ACP. 










PCC, 


TEK. 








MON, 


UCC. 








GRH. 










GRH, 


PCC, RCI. 








FMP, 


WTC. 








ACP, 


CGL, COM, DA, DUP, EKT, ENJ, 


GRH, 


MON, 


PCC, 


PFZ, RCI, RUB, SW, UCC. 








ACP, 


DUP, FMP, MON. PFZ, WTC. 








PFZ. 










DUP, 


EKT, KF, MON, PFZ, TEK. 








ACP, 


CGL, CPL, ENJ. 








UCC. 










UCC. 










ACP, 


BFG, CGL, CPL, EKT, ENJ, GRH, 


MON, 


PCC, 


RCI, RUB, 


lEK, UCC. 








ENJ 










EKT, 


FMP. 








PFZ. 










EKT, 


KF. MON, TCC, WTC. 








CPL, 


RCI, TEK. 









GRH, WTH. 

UCC. 

ACP, BFG, CGL, CPL, EKT, ENJ, GRH, MON, PCC, PFZ, RCI, 

RUB, TEK, UCC, WTC. 
ACPj CGLj CPL, ENJ, GRH, MON, PCC, RCI, RUB, TEK, UCC. 
BFG, TEK. 
MON. 

ACP, CGL, CPL, ENJ, GRH, MON, PCC, RCI, RUB, TEK,. UCC. 
UCC. 



PLASTICIZERS 

TABLE 2.— plastioizeps: Manufacturers' identification codes, 
by products, 156fi--Continued 



169 



PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC— Continued 

*Phthalic anhydride esters — Continued 
Glycol phthalate esters: 

Butyl phthalyl butyl glycolate 

Ethyl (and methyl) phthalyl ethyl glycolate — 

All other glycol phthalate esters 

*n-Hexyl n-decyl phthalate -■- 

Hydrogenated castor oil phthalate 

Isodecyl tridecyl phthalate 

Iso-octyl isodecyl phthalate 

*n-Octyl n-decyl phthalate 

All other phthalic anhydride esters 

Polyethylene glycol dibenzoate 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl oleate 

Toluenesulfonamide, o- , p- mixtures 

*Trimellitic acid esters: 

*n-Octyl n-decyl trimellitate 

Tri(2-ethylhexyl)trimellitate 

Triisodecyl trimellitate 

Triiso-octyl trimellitate 

*Trioctyl trimellitate 

All other trimellitic acid esters 

Trimethylpentanediol dibenzoate 

Trimethylpentanediol monoisobutyrate monobenzoate 
All other cyclic plasticizers 

PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC 

*Adipic acid esters: 

*DiC2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethyl) adipate 

*Di (2-ethylhexy 1) adipate 

Diisobutyl adipate 

*Di isodecyl adipate 

Diiso-octyl adipate 

Diisopropyl adipate 

Di-n-octyl adipate 

Di-n-propyl adipate 

2-Ethylbutyl-2-ethylhexyl adipate 

*n-Hexyl n-decyl adipate 

Iso-octyl isodecyl adipate 

*n-Octyl n-decyl adipate 

Polyethylene glycol adipate 

Azelaic acid esters: 

Dicyclohexyl azelate 

DiC2-ethylbutyI) azelate 

*Di(2-ethylhexyl) azelate 

Diisobutyl azelate 

Diiso-octyl azelate 

All other azelaic acid esters 

Bis [2- (2-butoxyethoxy)ethoxy] methane 

1,4-Butanediol dicaprylate 

Butoxyethyl pelargonate 

Castor oil maleate 

Citric and acetylcitric acid esters 



Manufacturers' identification codes 

(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



MON. 
MON. 
HPC, 
ACP, 
DUP. 
CPL, 
ACP, 
ACP, 
UCC. 
VEL. 
CCW, 
ACY, 



WTC. 

epL, GRH, TEK, UCC. 

TEK. 

CGL, CPL, RUB. 

CPL, GRH, MON, PCC, RCI , RUB, TEK, UCC, WTC. 



EMR. 
MON. 



PCC, PFZ, RCI, TEK. 

PFZ. 

PFZ. 

GRH, RCI, RUB, WTC. 

GRH, PCC, RUB, TEK. 

RCI, RUB, X. 

VEL. 

EKT. 

BKL, CCW, FMP, MON, NEV. 



FMP, RCI, TKL, WTH. 

CPL, DA, EKT, ENJ, GRH, MON, PCC, PFZ, RCI, RH, RUB, 

TEK, UCC. 
FMP, GRH, HAL. 
ACP, CGL, EKT, ENJ, GRH, MON, PCC, PFZ, RCI, RH, 

RUB. TEK, UCC. 
HAL, PCC, RCI, RH, RUB. 
SBC, VND. 
ACP. 
ARC. 
RUB. 

CGL, GRH, PCC. 
BFG, GRH, PFZ. 

ACP, CPL, GRH, MON, PCC, RH, RUB, TEK, TKL. 
PFZ. 



PFZ. 

EMR. 

EKT, 

HAL. 

EMR. 

ACP, 

CTN. 

RUB. 

HAL. 

RH. 

ICI, 



EMR, PCS, PFZ, RCI, RUB. 
CGL, EMR. 



170 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2 .--PLastiaizeTs: Manufacturers' identification aodes, 
by produate, 1968 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 

(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

♦Complex linear polyesters and polymeric plasti- 
ci zers . 

Di (butoxyethoxy-ethoxy) me thane 

Dibutyl tartrate 

Diethylene glycol dipelargonate (dinonanoate) — 

Diiso-octyl dig lyco late 

*Epoxidized esters: 

Butyl epoxydioleate 

Butyl epoxytallate 

Epoxidized linseed oils 

*Epoxidized soya oils 

Epoxidized tall oils 

*2-Ethylhexyl epoxytallates 

Octyl epoxystearates 

Octyl epoxytallates 

All other epoxidized esters 

Glyceryl pelargonate 

Glyceryl tri-acetate CTriacetin) 

Glyceryl tributyrate and tripropionate 

Glycol pelargonate 

Isodecyl nonanoate [Isodecyl pelargonate) 

Laurie acid esters 

Myristic acid esters: 

Ethoxyethyl myristate 

*Isopropyl myristate 

♦Oleic acid esters: 

2-Butoxyethyl oleate 

* Butyl oleate 

Decyl oleate 

♦Glyceryl trioleate (Triolein) 

Isopropyl oleate 

Methoxyethyl oleate 

♦Methyl oleate 

Propyleneglycol oleate 

n- Propyl oleate 

All other oleic acid esters 

Palmitic acid esters: 

Isobutyl palmitate 

Iso- octyl palmitate 

♦Isopropyl palmitate 

2-Methoxy ethyl palmitate 

♦Phosphoric acid esters: 

Tri (2-butoxyethyl) phosphate 

Tributyl phosphate 

Tri (2-chloroethyl) phosphate 

Triethyl phosphate 

Tri octyl phosphate 

All other phosphoric acid esters 

Ricinoleic and acetylricinoleic acid esters: 

n- Butyl acetylricinoleate 

Butyl ricinoleate 

♦Glyceryl monoricinoleate 

Glyceryl tri (acetylricinoleate) 

Methoxyethyl ricinoleate 

Methyl ricinoleate 



ASH, EKT, EMR, HAL, MON, PFZ, RCI , RH, RUB, TEK, 

WTH. 
TKL. 
ARC. 
EMR. 
CCA, UCC. 

ASH. 

ASH. 

ASH, SWT. 

ASH, BAC, CPL, RH, SWT, TEK, UCC, WTC. 

RCI, RH. 

ASH, BAC, UCC. 

WTC. 

RH, TEK, UCC, WTC. 

EMR. 

EMR. 

PFZ. 

EKT. 

EMR. 

EMR. 

SBC. 

SCP. 

ARC, DRW, ICI, PCS, SBC, WTC. 



ARC 


HAL. 




ARC 


CHL, HAL, ICI, 


SWT, WM, WTH 


VND. 






CHL, 


DRW, EMR, SWT, 


WM. 


EMR, 


WM. 




HAL. 






DA, 


EMR, ICI, SWT. 




DRW. 






CHL, 


EMR, WM. 




DA, 


RH. 




ARC, 


DA, EKT. 




DRW, 


RUB. 




ARC, 


DRW, ICI, PCS, 


SBC. 


EKT. 






FMP. 






FMP. 






SFA, 


UCC. 




EKT. 






UCC. 






SCP, 


SM. 




BAC. 






BAC, 


RCI. 




BAC, 


DA, GLY, HAL. 




BAC. 






RCI. 






BAC, 


DA. 





PLASTICIZERS 



171 



TABLE 2.--PlasHaizers: Manufaaturers ' identification codes 
by products, i 955 --Continued 



PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

Ricinoleic and acetylricinoleic acid esters-- 
Continued 
All other ricinoleic and acetylricinoleic acid 
esters . 
Sebacic acid esters: 

Dibutoxyethyl sebacate 

*Dibutyl sebacate 

*Di (2-ethylhexyl) sebacate 

Diiso-octyl sebacate 

*Stearic acid esters: 

Butoxyethyl stearate 

*n-Butyl stearate 



Dime thy lajiimoniura stearate — 

Dodecyl (lauryl) stearate--- 

2-Ethylhexyl stearate 

Glyceryl triacetyl stearate- 

Isobutyl stearate 

Isopropyl stearate 

Methoxyethyl stearate 

Methyl dichlorostearate 

Methyl pentachlorostearate-- 

Methyl stearate 

All other stearic acid esters 

Sucrose acetate isobutyrate 

Tetraethylene glycol di (2-ethylhexanoate) 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables I and 2) 



HAL, RCI. 

EKT, GRH, HAL, PFZ, RCI, RH, WTH. 
GRH, HAL, PFZ, RCI, RH, WTH. 
DA, RCI, RUB. 

ARC. 

ARC, CHL, DA, DRW, EMR, HAL, ICI, PCS, RUB, 

SCP, SWT, WTH. 
RH. 
RCI. 
FMP. 
BAG. 
DA. 
WM. 
ARC. 
HK. 
HK. 
CHL. 

DA, HPC, PCS, WM. 
ARC, EKT. 
UCC. 



FOR, HAL, RUB, WM. 



Triethylene glycol dicaprylate RUB. 

*Triethylene glycol di (caprylate-caprate] 1 DRW, 

Triethylene glycol di-2-ethylbutyrate 1 UCC. 

Triethylene glycol diC 2-ethylhexanoate) 1 EKT, UCC. 

Triethylene glycol dipelargonate ! RUB. 

2,2,4-Triraethyl-l,3-pentanediol diisobutyrate 1 EKX. 

All other acyclic plasticizers j ARC, EMR, GLY, HPC, RH, RUB, TKL, WM. 



SURFACE- ACTIVE AGENTS 173 



The surface-active agents included in this report are organic chem- 
icals that reduce the surface tension of water or other solvents and are 
used chiefly as detergents, dispersing agents, emulsif iers, foaming agents, 
or wetting agents in either aqueous or nonaqueous systems. Waxes and 
products used chiefly as plasticizers are excluded. Surface-active agents 
are produced from natural fats and oils; from silvichemicals such as lignin, 
rosin, and tall oil; and from chemical intermediates derived from coal-tar 
and petroleum. A major part of the output of the bulk chemicals shown in 
this report is consumed in the form of packaged soaps and detergents for 
household and industrial use. The remainder is used in the processing of 
textiles and leather, in ore flotation and oil-drilling operations, and in 
the manufacture of agricultural sprays, cosmetics, elastomers, foods, lubri- 
cants, paints, pharmaceuticals, and many other products. 

Table 1 shows statistics for production and sales of surface-active 
agents grouped by ionic class and by chemical class and subclass; table 
2 lists these products and identifies the manufacturers. All quantities 
are reported in terms of 100-percent organic surface-active ingredient 
and thus exclude all inorganic salts, water, and other diluents. Sales 
statistics reflect sales of bulk surface-active agents only; sales of 
formulated products are excluded. 

Total U.S. production of surface-active agents in 1968 amounted to 
3,739 million pounds, or 7.5 percent more than the 3,479 million pounds 
reported for 1967 and 12.6 percent more than the 3,321 million pounds re- 
ported for 1966. Sales of bulk surface-active agents in 1968 amounted to 
1,998 million pounds, valued at $357 million, compared with sales in 1967 of 
1,750 million pounds, valued at $317 million, and sales in 1966 of 1,766 
million pounds, valued at $315 million. In terms of quantity, sales in 1968 
were thus 14.2 percent larger than in 1967 and 13.1 percent larger than in 
1966; in terms of value, sales in 1968 were 12.6 percent larger than in 1967 
and 13.3 percent larger than in 1966. 

Production of anionic surface-active agents in 1968 amounted to 2,710 
million pounds, or 72.5 percent of the total output reported for 1968 and 
3.7 percent more than the anionic output reported for 1967. Sales of 
anionics in 1968 amounted to 1,161 million pounds, valued at $166 million. 
Of the total anionic output, 1,015 million pounds consisted of potassium and 
sodium salts of fatty, rosin, and tall oil acids, of which 525 million 
pounds was the sodium salt of tallow acids and 122 million pounds was the 
sodium salt of coconut oil acids; 708 million pounds consisted of alkylben- 
zenesulfonates, of which 430 million pounds was sodium dodecylbenzenesul- 
fonate, 113 million pounds was dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, and 107 million 
pounds was sodium tridecylbenzenesulfonate; and 444 million pounds consisted 
of ligninsulfonates , of which 284 million pounds was the calcium salt and 
47 million pounds was the sodium salt. 

Production of nonionic surface-active agents in 1968 amounted to 854 
million pounds, or 22.8 percent of the total output reported for 1968 and 
21.2 percent more than the nonionic output reported for 1967. Sales of 

388-333 O - 70 - 12 



174 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

nonionics in 1968 amounted to 689 million pounds, valued at $130 million. 
Of the total nonionic output, 243 million pounds consisted of alkylphenol 
ethoxylates and other benzenoid ethers, of which 133 million pounds was 
nonylphenol ethoxylate; 353 million pounds consisted of alcohol ethoxylates 
and other nonbenzenoid ethers, of which 275 million pounds was mixed linear 
alcohol ethoxylate; 87 million pounds consisted of alkanolamides; and 82 
million pounds consisted of glycerol esters. 

Production of cationic surface-active agents in 1968 amounted to 167 
million pounds, or 4.S percent of the total output reported for 1968 and 
8.4 percent more than the cationic output reported for 1967. Sales of 
cationics in 1968 amounted to 140 million pounds, valued at $57 million. Of 
the total cationic output, 46 million pounds consisted of quaternary am- 
monium salts not containing oxygen, and 25 million pounds consisted of pri- 
mary monoamines not containing oxygen. 

Production of amphoteric surface-active agents in 1968 amounted to 
8.4 million pounds, or approximately 0.2 percent of the total output re- 
ported for 1968 and 25.8 percent more than the amphoteric output reported 
for 1967. Sales of amphoterics in 1968 amounted to 8.2 million pounds, 
valued at $4.8 million. 

The difference between production and sales reflects inventory changes 
and captive consumption of soaps and surface-active agents by synthetic 
rubber producers, and by manufacturers of cosmetics, packaged detergents, bar 
soaps, and other formulated consumer products. In some instances the differ- 
ence may also reflect quantities of surface-active agents used as chemical 
intermediates, e.g., nonionic alcohol and alkylphenol ethoxylates which may 
be converted to anionic surface-active agents by phosphation or sulfation. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 
TABLE 1.- -Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1968 



175 



[Listed below are all surface-active agents for which reported data on production or sales may be published. 

(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data wer 
reported.) Table 2 lists all surface-active agents for which data on production or sales were reported and iden- 
tifies the manufacturer of each] 



Grand total 

Benzenoid** 

Nonbenzenoid^ 

Amphoteric Surface-.' otive Agents 

Total 

Anionic Surface-Active Agents 

Total 

Carboxylic acids (and salts thereof), total 

Amine salts of fatty, rosin, and tall oil acids 

Carboxylic acids having amide, ester, or ether linkages, 

total 

N-Lauroylsarcosine, sodium salt 

All other 

Potassium and sodium salts of fatty, rosin, and tall oil 

acids, total 

Castor oil acids, sodium salt 

Coconut oil acids, potassium and sodium salts, total 

Potassium salt 

Sodium salt 

Corn oil acids, potassium and sodium salts 

Oleic acid, potassium salt 

Oleic acid, sodium salt 

Stearic acid, sodium salt 

Tall oil acids, potassium salt 

Tall oil acids, sodium salt 

Tallow acids, sodium salt 

All other 

Phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esters (and salts thereof), 
total 

Alcohols and phenols, ethoxylated and plio.'.phated, total 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

All other 

Alcohols, phosphated or polyphosphated, total 

2-Ethylhexyl phosphate, sodium salt 

2-Ethylhexyl polyphosphate 

Mixed alkyl phosphate 

Octyl phosphates 

All other 

Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof), total 

Alkylbenzenesulfonates, total 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonates, total 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, calcium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, isopropanolamine salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, isopropylamine salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, (mixed alkyl)amine salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, triethanolamine salt 

All other 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



•^.T-^q.Tisa 



1,056,053 
2,683,329 



.710,444 



28,121 

4,631 

23,490 



52 

135,116 

13,021 

122,095 

1,235 

3,390 

1,607 

6,011 

11,916 

7,978 

525,063 

322,906 



15,135 
864 

4,145 
10,126 

6,632 
193 
355 
864 

2,484 

2,736 



708,031 

565,798 

112,534 

14,380 

537 

2,520 

105 

429,871 

3,263 

2,588 



Quantity 



1,000 
pounds 



1,998,217 



455,130 
1,543,087 



8,852 
1,719 
7,133 



3,768 



1,465 

795 

11,273 



15,618 



10,556 

750 

2,262 

7,544 

5,062 

136 

347 

2,485 
2,094 

661,216 



148,880 
r'.3,510 
30,251 
11,137 



82,803 
4,236 
5,083 



1,000 
do I lars 



86,335 

270,397 



165,617 



5,565 
1,123 
4,442 



306 

263 

2,653 



4 


266 




181 




765 


3 


320 


3 


026 




39 




160 


1 


295 


1 


532 


65 


567 


25 


896 


23 


784 


4 


061 


3 


339 



13,777 
1,094 
1 513 



176 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 
TABLE 1. --Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1968 --Continued 



Quantity' 



Anionic Surface-Active /!ge/its--Continued 

Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof) --Continued 

Alky Ibenzenesulfonat as- -Continued 

Other alkylbenzenesulfonates, total 

Tridecylbenzenesulfonic acid 

Tridecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

All other 

Benzene-, cumene-, toluene-, and xylenesulfonates, total — 

Xylenesulfonic acid, anrnionium salt 

Xylenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

All other 

Ligninsulfonates, total 

Ligninsulfonic acid, calcium salt 

Ligninsulfonic acid, sodium salt 

All other 

Naphthalenesulfonates, total 

Butylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Diisopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid and sodium salt 

All other 

Sulfonic acids having amide linkages, total 

N-Methyl-N-oleoyltaurine, sodium salt 

Sulfosuccinic acid derivatives 

All other 

Sulfosuccinic acid esters, total 

Sulfosuccinic acid, bis(2-ethylhexyl) ester, sodium salt- 
All other 

All other sulfonic acids 

Sulfuric acid esters (and salts thereof), total 

Acids, amides, and esters, sulfated, total 

Coconut oil acids - ethanolamine condensate, sulfated, 

potassium salt 

Esters of sulfated oleic acid, total 

Butyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

Glycerol trioleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

Isopropyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

Propyl oleate, sulfated, sodiu"! salt 

All other 

Oleic acid, sulfated, disodium salt 

Tall oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

All other 

Alcohols, sulfated, total 

Podecyl sulfate salts, total 

Dodecyl sulfate, ammonium salt 

Dodecvl sulfate, diethanolamine salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, magnesium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

All other 

Hexadecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Mixed linear alcohol sulfate, sodium salt 

Octadecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

All other 

Ethers, sulfated, total 

Alkylphenols, ethoxylated and sulfated 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, ammonium salt 
Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, sodium salt-- 
Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and sulfated, sodium 

salt 

All other 

Natural fats and oils, sulfated, total 

Castor oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Coconut oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Cod oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Neat's-foot oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Peanut oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Ricebran oil, sulfated, sodium salt 



1,000 
pounds 



142,233 

1,784 

107,486 

32,963 

55,769 

10,783 

25,243 

19,743 

444,257 

283,964 

47,099 

113,194 

11,393 

444 

428 

10,521 

5,127 

2,510 

1,417 

1,200 

8,823 

6,128 

2,695 

37,528 



144 
363 
412 
2,257 
6,957 
791 



47,520 
2,950 

285 
19,487 
9,498 
15,300 
151 
2,309 



150,787 
3,541 
1,402 
2,100 

2,495 

141,249 

35,562 

7,212 

1,346 

2,252 

1,349 

130 

71 



1,000 
pounds 



15,370 



15,370 

42,343 

8,720 

16,563 

17,060 

432,209 

269,178 

48,682 

114,349 

7,747 

400 
7,347 
3,956 
2,397 

1,559 
8,822 
6,204 
2,618 
17,259 

157,650 



1,000 
dollars 



2,112 



2,112 
3,942 
820 
1,387 
1,735 
16,323 
6,523 
4,049 
5,751 
3,113 

207 
2,906 
2,309 
1,205 

1,104 
4,489 
3,199 
1,290 
9,495 

37,195 



4,751 
1,757 

324 

397 

2,273 

6,940 

888 

954 

32,983 

2,961 
2,523 

237 



130 

272 
26,860 
79,966 
3,308 

2,022 



74,636 

31,129 

6,465 

1,224 

1,793 

1,055 

128 

46 



35 


1,404 


453 


107 


130 


714 


1,572 


198 


523 


15,127 


1,134 


1,453 


127 



134 
12,211 
12,387 

985 

1,001 



10,401 

5,949 

1,916 

357 

233 

212 

90 

11 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 
TABLE 1.- -Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1968- -Continued 



177 



Sale 



Ouantity' 



Anionic Surface-Active Agents — Continued 

Sulfuric acid esters (and salts thereof) — Continued 
Natural fats and oils, sulfated--Continued 

Soybean oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Sperm oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Tallow, sulfated, sodium salt 

All other 



Other anionic surface-active agents 



Cationio Surface-Active Agents 



Total- 



Amine oxides and oxygen-containing amines (except those having 

amide linkages), total 

Acyclic, total 

(Coconut oil alkyl)amine, ethoxylated 

(Mixed alkyl)amine, ethoxylated 

(Soybean oil alkyl)amine, ethoxylated 

(Tallow alkyl)amine, ethoxylated 

All other 

Cyclic products (except imidazoline and oxazoline derivatives)- 

Imidazoline and oxazoline derivatives, total 

1- (2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(tall oil alkyl)-2- imidazoline 

All other 

Amines and amine oxides having amide linkages, total 

Carboxylic acid - diamine and polyamine condensates, total 

Stearic acid - diethylenetriamine condensate 

All other 

Oleic acid - ethylenediamine condensate, monoethoxylated 

Stearic acid - ethylenediamine condensate, monoethoxylated 

Other amines and amine oxides having amide linkages 



Amines, not containing oxygen (and salts thereof), 

Amine salts 

Diamines and polyamines, total 

N-(Coconut oil alkyl)trimethylenediamine 

Imidazoline derivatives 

N- (9-0ctadecenyl)trimethylenediamine 

N- (Tallow alkyl)trimethylenediamine 

All other 

Primary monoamines, total 

(Coconut oil alkyl)amine 

Hexadecylamine 

(Hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine 

9-Octadecenylamine 

Octadecyl amine 

(Tall oil alkyl)amine 

(Tallow alkyl) amine 

All other 

Secondary and tertiary monoamines, total 

N,N-Dimethyl (coconut oil alkyl)araine 

N,N-Dimethyloctadecylamine 

All other 



total- 



Oxygen- containing quaternary ammonium salts (except those having 

amide linkages), total 

Acyclic 

Benzenoid 

Cyclic nonbenzenoid 



Quaternary ammonium salts having amide linkages- 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 



177 
8,585 
9,769 
4,571 



1,000 
pounds 



155 
7,741 
9,575 
2,949 

275,688 



1,000 
dollars 



1,299 

1,182 

590 

41,818 



42,170 
36,217 
3,854 
3,583 
1,309 
1,654 
25,817 
1,379 
4,574 
1,936 
2,638 

16,042 



8,554 
136 
8,418 
5,290 
2,005 
193 

53,973 



3,220 
12,910 
1,147 
2,480 
1,518 
4,080 
3,685 
25,201 
2,195 

1,793 

1,292 

1,087 

88 

6,314 

12,432 

12,642 

441 
12,201 



1,247 

1,167 

939 



3,674 
3,335 
1,151 
1,505 

1,416 
3,572 
1,023 
2,549 



3,642 

11,973 

1,170 

1,788 

1,725 

4,249 

3,041 

21,894 

1,358 

148 

2,485 

944 

859 

5,666 
10,434 

2,855 

427 



2,501 



852 

887 
762 



1,240 

1,537 

499 

810 

433 
1,669 

446 
1,223 



1,981 

47 

1,934 

1,386 



1,255 

3,507 
566 
544 
597 

1,183 
617 

7,839 
757 
82 
819 
394 
361 

1,460 
3,966 

1,110 
226 



_2^_235 

574" 

1,051 

610 



178 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 
TABLE 1. --Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, I968-- Continued 



Production' 



Quantity Value 



Cationio Surfaae-Aotive Agents--Continued 

Quaternary ammonium salts, not containing oxygen, total 

Acyclic, total 

riis(coconut oil alkyl)dimethylammonium chloride 

Bis (hydrogenated tallow alkyl)dimethylamnionium chloride 

(Coconut oil alkyl) trimethylammonium chloride 

Hexadecyltrimethylammonium salts 

All other 

Benzenoid, total 

Benzyl (coconut oil alkyljdimethylamraonium chloride 

Benzyldimethyl (mixed a Ikyl) ammonium chloride 

Benzyl dimethyloctadecylammonium chloride 

(3,4-Dichlorobenzyl)dodecyldimethylammonium chloride 

(Dodecy lb enzylHrimethvl ammonium chloride 

All other 

Groups listed above for which separate sales data may not be 
shown 

Nonionic Surface-Active Agents 

Total 

Carboxylic acid amides, total 

Carboxylic acid - alkanolamine condensates, total 

Diethanolamine condensates (amine/acid ratio=2/l), total 

Capric acid 

Coconut oil acids 

Coconut oil and tallow acids 

Laur i c acid 

Oleic acid 

Stearic acid 

Tall oil acids 

All other 

Diethanolamine condensates (other amine/acid ratios), total- 
Coconut oil acids (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Laurie acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Oleic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Stearic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

All other 

Ethanolamine condensates, total 

Laurie acid (amine/acid ratio=2/l) 

Stearic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/2) 

All other 

Isopropanolamine condensates, total 

Laurie acid 

All other 

Groups listed above for which separate sales data may not 

be shown 

Carboxylic acid - alkanolamine condensates, ethoxylated 

Oleic acid - ethanolamine condensate, ethoxylated 

All other 

Carboxylic acid esters, total 

Anhydrosorbitol esters, total 

Anhydrosorbitol monoester of tall oil acids 

Anhydrosorbitol monostearate 

Anhydrosorbitol sesquioleate 

Anhydrosorbitol trioleate 

Anhydrosorbitol tristearate 

All other 

Diethylene glycol esters, total 

Diethylene glycol monolaurate 

Diethylene glycol raono-oleate 

Diethylene glycol monostearate 

All other 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



46,157 



34,890 

1,402 

16,460 

132 

547 

16,349 

11,267 

246 

5,248 

501 

40 

324 

4,908 



86,560 

23,724 

46 

12,621 

1,994 

3,577 

1,799 

782 

431 

2,474 

40,305 

16,108 

18,702 

532 

892 

4,071 

18,602 

32 

108 

18,462 

3,929 

134 

3,795 



581 

103 
478 



15,732 

2,947 

161 

553 

452 

11,619 

2,205 
342 
94 
550 

1,219 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



34 


99 7 


1 


676 


16 


420 




112 




600 


16 


189 


10 


071 




239 


S 


124 




440 



2 


804 




931 


4 


229 




103 




669 


6 


872 


7 


211 




220 


3 


80S 




353 




28 




96 


2 


,709 



52,250 

17,754 

33 

11,205 

1,400 

1,231 

1,497 

586 

136 

1,666 

15,552 

448 
846 



15,263 

5,028 

14 

3,194 

220 

376 

448 



170 
358 



17,549 
569 
105 

464 

142,740 



5,283 
243 



11,416 
121 
2,640 
131 
419 
97 
8,008 



567 
1,204 



3,038 
717 
104 
28 
170 
415 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 
TABLE 1. --Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1968- -Continued 



179 



Production' 



Sales' 



Quanti ty 



Unit 
value ^ 



^anionic Surface-Active -4i7i3nts--Continued 

Carboxylic acid esters--Continued 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol esters, total 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monolaurate 

Ethoxylated annydrosorbitol mono-oleate 

tthoxyiated anhydrosorbitol monopalmitate 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monostearate 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol trioleate 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol tristearate 

All other 

Ethylene glycol esters, total 

Ethylene glycol monostearate 

All other 

Glycerol esters, total 

Complex glycerol esters 

Glycerol esters of chemically defined acids, total 

Glycerol mono-oleate 

Glycerol monoricinoleate 

Glycerol monostearate 

All other 

Glycerol esters of mixed acids, total 

Glycerol monoester of hydrogenated soybean oil acids-- 

All other 

Natural fats and oils, ethoxylated, total 

Castor oil, ethoxylated 

Lanolin, ethoxylated 

All other 

Polyethylene glycol esters, total 

Polyethylene glycol esters of chemically defined acids 

total 

Polyethylene glycol dilaurate 

Polyethylene glycol dioleate 

Polyethylene glycol distearate 

Polyethylene glycol monolaurate 

Polyethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Polyethylene glycol monoricinoleate 

Polyethylene glycol monostearate 

All other • 

Polyethylene glycol esters of rosin and tall oil acids 

total 

Polyethylene glycol monoester of tall oil acids 

Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of tall oil acids 

All other 

Polyethylene glycol esters of other mixed acids, total 
Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of coconut oil acids 

All other 

Polyglycerol esters 

Propanediol esters, total 

1,2- Propanediol monostearate 

All other 

Other carboxylic acid esters 

Ethers, total 

Benzenoid ethers, total 

Dinonylphenol, ethoxylated 

Dodecylphenol, ethoxylated 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated 

All other 

Nonbenzenoid ethers, total 

Linear alcohols, alkoxylated, total 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Hexadecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated 

9-Octadecenyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Octadecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

All other 

See footnotes at end of table. 



pounds 



12,784 

4,484 

276 

2,314 

448 

1,112 

4,150 

2,807 

921 

1,886 

81,690 

3,589 

15,080 

3,196 

1,394 

9,573 

917 

63,021 

12,000 

51,021 

6,321 

5,359 

519 

443 

27,818 

17,375 
1,072 
2,957 
434 
3,307 
2,992 

5,547 
1,066 

9,195 

532 

7,647 

1,016 

1,248 

214 

1,034 

494 

4,247 

1,429 

2,818 



1,000 
pounds 

14,844 

4,059 

4,977 

403 



1,465 
1,272 
2,869 
969 
1,900 

70,161 
2,903 

13,230 
2,567 

8,614 

2,049 

54,028 

11,762 

42,266 

6,077 

5,108 

552 

417 

23,071 

14,392 

935 

1,412 

379 

3,073 

2,652 

15 



7,367 

532 

780 

199 

581 

461 

2,516 

1,000 

1,516 



1,000 
dollops 



6,120 
1,629 
2,138 
180 
1,123 

616 

434 

775 

329 

446 

18,228 

1,191 

4,342 

906 

2,683 

753 

12,695 

2,783 

9,912 

1,780 

1,406 

213 

161 

7,047 

5,355 
305 

491 

141 

1,192 

960 

7 

2,227 

32 

1,415 

1,248 
167 
277 
55 
222 
201 
632 
343 
289 



Per 

pound 



9,867 


9,139 


3,093 


.34 


600,775 


491,835 


70,247 


.14 


242,508 


223,103 


35,306 


.16 




2,402 


513 


.21 


16,319 


16,845 


2.294 


.14 


132,587 


126,149 


17,230 


.14 


93,602 


77,707 


15,269 


.20 


358,267 


268,732 


34,941 


.13 


310,825 


230,807 


25,802 


.11 




1,983 


916 


.46 


699 


418 


255 


.61 


275,796 


219,644 


21,294 


.10 


2,012 


2,312 


1,198 


.52 


733 


273 


263 


.96 


31,585 


6,177 


1,876 


.30 



180 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 
TABLE 1. --Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1968- -Continued 



Production 



Quantity' 



Nonionic Surface-Active /)3ents--Continued 



Ethers --Continued 

Other ethers and thioethers, total- 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

All other 



Other nonionic surface-active agents- 



1,000 
pounds 



47,442 

6,764 

40,678 

1,670 



1,000 
pounds 



37,925 
6,035 
31,890 

1,150 



1,000 
dollars 



9,139 
1,341 
7,798 



Per 
pound 



$0.24 
.22 
.24 



1 All quantities are given in terms of 100 percent organic surface- active ingredient. 

2 Sales include products sold as bulk surface-active agents only. 

3 Calculated from rounded figures. 

•t The term "benzenoid," as used in this report, describes any surface-active agent, except lignin derivatives, 
whose molecular structure includes 1 or more 6-membered carbocylic or heterocyclic rings with conjugated double 
bonds (e.g., the benzene ring or the pyridine ring). 

5 Includes ligninsulfonates. 

6 Includes production of "all other" sulfated acids, amides, and esters and of "all other" sulfated alcohols; also 
includes sales of "all other" potassium and sodium salts of fatty, rosin, and tall oil acids. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 181 

TABLE 2. --Surface- active agents: Manufacturers' identification codes, byproducts, 1968 

[Surface-active agents for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an asterisk (*); 
products not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not 
be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from the Appendix, tables 1 and 2. An 
X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product.] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



AnphoteiHc Surfaae-Aative Agents 

Acyclic: 

Alkylbetaine 

(l-Carboxyheptadecyl)trimethylaiiimonium hydroxide, inner 

salt. 
(Carboxymethyl) (coconut oil alkyl)dimethylammonium hy- 
droxide, inner salt. 
(Carboxymethyl) [3- (coconut oil amido)propyl] dimethyl- 
ammonium chloride, sodium salt. 
(Carboxymethyl) [3- (coconut oil ami do) propyl] dime thy 1- 

ammonium hydroxide, inner salt. 
(Carboxyme thy 1) dime thy 1(9- Oct adecenyl) ammonium hydroxide 

inner salt. 
(Carboxymethyl)dodecyldimethylajmnonium hydroxide, inner 

salt. 
(l-Carboxyundecyl)trimethyla]nmonium hydroxide, inner 

salt. 

N- (Coconut oil alkyl)-6-alanine, sodium salt 

N- (Coconut oil alkyl)-6-alanine, partial sodium salt 

5- [(Coconut oil alkyl)amino]butyric acid, sodium salt — 
N-(2-Coconut oil ajnidoethyl)-N- (2-hydroxyethyl)glycine, 

sodium salt. 

N-(Dodecyl and tetradecyl}-6-alanine 

N- (Dodecyl and tetradecyl)-6-alanine, triethanolamine 

salt. 

N- Dodecyl- 3- iminodipropionic acid 

N-Dodecyl-3-iminodipropionic acid, sodium salt 

N- (2-Hydroxyethyl)-N- (2-stearamidoethyl)glycine, sodium 

salt. 
Mixed acyclic primary amines, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

sodium salt. 

(Mixed alkyl)sulfobetaine 

Mixed fatty betaines 

Oleic acid - ethylenediamine condensate, propoxylated 

and sulfated, sodium salt. 

Polypeptide, ammonium salt 

Polypeptide, sodium salt 

N- (Tallow alkyl)-3- iminodipropionic acid 

N- (Tallow alkyl)-3-iminodipropionic acid, disodium salt- 
All other acyclic 

Cyclic: 

1,1- Bis (carboxymethyl)- 2- undecyl- 2- imidazolini urn hydrox- 
ide, disodium salt. 
l-[2- (2-Carboxyethoxy)ethyl]-l- (2-hydroxy-3-sulfopropyl) 

2- (mixed alkyl)-2-imidazolinium hydroxide, disodium 

salt. 
l-Carboxymethyl-2-heptadecyl-l- (2-hydroxyethyl)-2-imid- 

azolinium hydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium salt. 
1-Carboxymethyl-l- (2-hydroxy ethyl )-2-nonyl-2-imi dazolin- 

ium chloride, sodium salt. 
1-Carbo.xymethyl-l- (2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nonyl-2-imidazolin- 

ium hydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium salt. 
1 -Carboxymethyl- 1- (2-hyd roxy ethyl )-2-undecyl -2-imidazo- 

linium hydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium salt. 
Heptadecylmethylbenzimidazolinesulfonic acid, sodiiim 

salt. 
3- [2- (2-Mixed alkyl-2-imidazolin-l-yl)ethoxy]-propionic 

acid salt. 
3- [2- ( 2- Undecyl- 2- imidazol in- l-yl)ethoxy] -propionic acid 

sodium salt. 



DUP. 
DUP. 

CUL. 

JRG. 

UVC. 

DUP. 

TCC. 

DUP. 

GNM. 
GNM. 
ARC. 
TCC. 

GNM. 
GNM. 

GNM. 
GNM. 
GAP. 



DUP, 


TXT. 


TXT. 




S. 




MYW. 




MVW. 




GNM. 




GNM. 




VAC. 




MIR, 


UVC. 


UVC. 




MIR, 


UVC. 


PCS, 


UVC. 


MIR. 




MIR, 


PCS, UVC 


CIB. 




MOA. 




UVC. 





182 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. --Surface-active agents: Manufacturers' identification codes, byproducts, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



Anionic Surface Active Agents 

*Carboxylic acids (and salts thereof): 

♦Amine salts of fatty, rosin, and tall oil acids: 

Coconut oil acids, diethanolamine salt 

Coconut oil acids, ethanolamine salt 

Oleic acid, n-butylamine salt 

Oleic acid, tri ethanolamine salt 

Stearic acid, morpholine salt 

Stearic acid, N,N,N' ,N'-tetrakis (2-hydroxyethyl)ethyl- 

enediamine salt. 

Stearic acid, tri ethanolamine salt 

Tall oil acids, diethanolamine salt 

Tallow acids, ethanolamine salt 

Tallow acids, triethanolamine salt 

*Carboxylic acids having amide, ester, or ether linkages: 

Butoxyethoxypropionic acid 

N- (Coconut oil acyl)polypeptide , ammonium salt 

N- (Coconut oil acyl)polypeptide, potassium salt 

N- (Coconut oil acyl)polypeptide, sodium salt 

N- (Coconut oil acyl ^polypeptide, triethanolamine salt-- 

N-(Coconut oil acyl)sarcosine, sodium salt 

Diisobutylene - maleic anhydride copolymer, ammonium 

and sodium salts. 

*N-Lauroylsarcosine, sodium salt 

N- (Mixed alkylsulfonyl)glycine, sodium salt 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and carboxyalkyl- 

ated, sodium salt. 

N-Oleoylpolypeptide, sodium salt 

N-Oleoylsarcosine, sodium salt 

Phthalic acid, octadecyl ester, potassium salt 

Stearolacto lactic acid 

Stearolactolactic acid, calcium salt 

Stearolactolactic acid, sodium salt 

N-Stearoylsarcosine, sodium salt 

Tridecyloxypoly(ethyleneoxy)acetic acid, sodium salt--- 

N-(Undecenoylpolypeptide), potassium salt 

Unspecified sarcosine derivatives 

♦Potassium and sodium salts of fatty, rosin, and tall oil 

acids: 

Castor oil acids, potassium salt 

♦Castor oil acids, sodium salt 

♦Coconut oil acids, potassium and sodium salts: 

♦Potassium salt 

♦Sodium salt 

♦Corn oil acids, potassium and sodium salts: 

Potassium salt 

Sodium salt 

Laurie acid, potassium salt 

Laurie acid, sodium salt 

Mixed vegetable fatty acids, potassium salt 

Mixed vegetable fatty acids, sodium salt 

Myristic acid, potassium salt 

♦Oleic acid, potassium salt 

♦Oleic acid, sodium salt 

Olive oil acids, sodium salt 

Palm kernel oil acids, sodium salt 

Palm oil acids, sodium salt 

Peanut oil acids, potassium salt 

Rosin acids, potassium salt 

Rosin acids, sodium salt 

Soybean oil acids, potassium salt 

Soybean oil acids, sodium salt 

Stearic acid, potassium salt 

♦Stearic acid, sodium salt 

♦Tall oil acids, potassium salt 

♦Tall oil acids, sodium salt 

Tallow acids, potassium salt 

♦Tallow acids, sodium salt 

All other 



SEY. 
SEP. 
DYS. 
DOM. 
CSB. 
ICl. 

AML, GLY. 
SEY. 
SEP. 
SEP. 

UVC. 
MYW. 
MYW. 
MYW. 
MYW. 
HMP. 
RH. 

CP, GGY, IIMP, ONX. 

GAP. 

SEY. 

LMl, MYW. 

GAP, GGY, WTC. 

GIB. 

GLY. 

GLY. 

GLY. 

GGY. 

UVC. 

MYW. 

UMP. 



ARL, BAG, SEA. 
BAG, HEW, MRV, SNW. 



ACE, AES, CP, CSE, DA, DSO, DYS, GAP, GRC, GRL, HEW 

HNT, JRG, LUR, MCP, NMC, PCH, PC, SWT. 
AGP, CON, CP, GRC, HEW, JRG, LEV, NPR, PG, PRX, SWT. 

GRC, HNT, HRT, NMC. 

GRC, LUR, NMC. 

DRW, VAL. 

SNW. 

AES, DYS, GRC, GRL, MCP, PCH, SWT. 

SWT. 

AES . 

AES, ARL, BSW, CCL, GIB, DA, DAN, DYS, GAP, GYR, HNT, 

QCP, S, SHP, SWT, USR, WBG. 
BSW, DA, GYR, UK, LEV, LUR, MRV, NMC, SEA, SWT, WBG, 

WTC. 
HEW, HNT, LUR. 
HEW, NMC. 
HEW. 

KAL, SLC. 
USR, X. 

CRT, HRT, MRA, PLC, PRX, QCP, SLM, x. 
CON, HEW. 
HEW. 

GYR, HEW, WTC. 

DA, GYR, HEW, LEV, MAL, WTC. 
ACE, AES, CON, CSB, DRW, DYS, GAP, GRC, HNT, NMC, PNX, 

QCP, SOP, VAL, X. 
GRC, GYR, MRV, PRX, SOP, UNP, x. 
NMC, PG, SWT. 
AGP, BSW, CON, CP, DA, DYS, GRC, HEW, JRG, LEV, LUR, 

NMC, NPR, PG, PLC, PRX, QCP, SWT. 
NMC. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 183 

TABLE 2. --Surface-active agents: Manufacturers' identification codes, byproducts, 1968- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
[see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



Anionic Supfaae-Aotive Agents — Continued 

*Phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esters (and salts 
thereof) : 
•Alcohols and phenols, ethoxylated and phosphated: 

Butyl alcohol ethoxylated and phosphated 

p-tert-Butylphenol , ethoxylated and phosphated 

Dinonylphenol , ethoxylated and phosphated 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Dodecylphenol , ethoxylated and phosphated 

2-Ethylhexanol , ethoxylated and phosphated 

Iso-octyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

'Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and phosphated 

*Nonylphenol , ethoxylated and j^hosphated 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated, barium salt- 

9-Octadecenyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

9-Octadecenyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated 
ethanolamine salt. 

Octadecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Octylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Octylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated, magnesium 
salt. 

Phenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Polyhydric alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

All other 

♦Alcohols, phosphated or polyphosphated: 

Decyl, dodecyl, and octyl phosphate, morpholine salt- 

Decyl polyphosphate, triethanolamine salt 

2-Ethylhexy 1 phosphate 

*2-Ethylhexyl phosphate, sodium salt 

*2-Ethylhexyl polyphosphate 

2-Ethylhexyl polyphosphate, sodium salt 

Hexyl polyphosphate, potassium salt 

*Mixed alkyl phosphate 

Mixed alkyl phosphate, di ethanolamine salt 

9-Octadeceny 1 phosphate 

Octadecyl phosphate, triethanolamine salt 

*Octyl phosphates: 

Octyl phosphate 

Octyl phosphate, alkylamine salt 

Octyl phosphate, potassium salt 

Octyl polyphosphate 

Octyl polyphosphate, potassium salt 

All other 

♦Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof): 
*Alkylbenzenesulfonates : 
*Dodecylbenzenesulfonates : 

•Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, butylamine salt 

♦Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, calcium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, di ethanolamine salt — 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, dimethylamine salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, ethylenediamine salt-- 

♦Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, i s op ropanol amine salt- 

♦Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, isopropylamine salt — 

♦Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, (mixed alkyl)amine 
salt. 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, potassium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, propoxylated ethylene- 
diamine salt. 

♦Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, strontium salt 

♦Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, triethanolamine salt-- 

♦Other alkylbenzenesulfonates : 

Decylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Di dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid 



GAP. 
RTF. 
GAP. 
GAP, 
GAP. 
WAY. 
GAP. 
CHP, 
GAP, 
WAY. 
GAP. 
GAP. 



GAP. 
DYS, Rfl. 



CRT, CST, GAP, SEY, TCH, TCI, WAY, WYN. 
HDG, NLC, RTF, SCP, TCC, TXT, VAC. 



GAP. 

NLC. 

GAP, LUR, NLC, TCC, WAY. 

SOP. 

DUP. 

RCD. 

WAY. 

SEY, TCI, UCC. 

SPA, TCC, TCI, UVC. 

SPA. 

DEX. 

CST, DUP, SPA, TCC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

RCD. 

TXT. 

DUP, TXT. 
DUP. 
DEX. 
DEX. 
NLC, SPA. 



ACS, ARD, CO, CRT, CTL, EMK, HLI, LAK, LEV, PIL, 

PLX, RCD, RTP, STP, TCI, TDC, TEN, TXT, WTC. 

AKS, ARL. 

SOP, WTC. 

APD, CO, NLC, RCD, Rll, RTF, STP, WTC, x. 
VAL. 
PIL. 
APD. 

CTL, PCS, RCD, X. 

APD, CTL, RCD, RTF, SNW, STP. 

PCS, VAL, WTC. 

RCD, SOP, VAL. 
PCS. 

AAC, ACS, AKS, APX, ARD, ARL, ATR, BLA, CO, CP, 
CRT, CTL, DA, DEP, DSO, HLI, LEV, MON, PEK, 
PC, PIL, PLX, PRX, RCD, RTP, STP, TEN, TXT, 
UNP, VAC, WTC. 

RTF, VAC. 

AAC, ACS, AML, ARD, ARL, ATR, CTL, DSO, HLI, 
MCP, PIL, RCD, RTP, SOS, STP. 

MON. 
CO. 



184 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. --Surface-active agents: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968-- Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



Anionic Surface-Active Agents — Continued 

'Sulfonic acids Caiid salts thereof) — Continued 
*Alkylbenzenesulfonates — Continued 

*Other alky lb enzenesulfonates-- Continued 

(Mixed higher alkyl)benzenesulfonic acid 

(Mixed higher alkyljbenzenesulfonic acid, ammonium 
salt. 

Pentadecylbenzenesulfonic acid, potassium salt 

Pentylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

*Tridecylbenzenesulfonic acid 

*Tridecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Tridecylbenzenesulfonic acid, triethanolamine salt — 

Undecylbenzenesulfonic acid 

Undecylbenzenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

Undecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Undecylbenzenesulfonic acid, triethanolamine salt 

All other 

♦Benzene-, cumene-, toluene-, and xylenes ulfonates; 

Benzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Cumenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

2,4-Dinitrobenezenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Toluenes ulfonic acid 

Toluenesulfonic acid, potassium salt 

Toluenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

*Xylenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

Xylenesulfonic acid, potassium salt 

*Xylenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

*Ligninsulfonates: 

Ligninsulfonic acid, aluminum salt 

Ligninsulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

*Ligninsulfonic acid, calcium salt 

Ligninsulfonic acid, chromium salt 

Ligninsulfonic acid, iron salt 

Ligninsulfonic acid, magnesium salt 

Ligninsulfonic acid, mixed salts 

♦Ligninsulfonic acid, sodium salt 

*Naphthalenesulfonates : 

*Butylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Dibutylnaphthalenes ulfonic acid 

Didodecylnaphthlenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

*Diisopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid and sodium salt: 

Dii sop ropy Inaphthalenesulfonic acid 

Diisopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Dipentylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, (mixed alkyl)amine 
salt. 

Dipentylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Isopropy Inaphthalenesulfonic acid 

Methylenebis(2-naphthalenesulfonic acid) 

6,6'-Methylenebis(2-naphthalenesulfonic acid), calcium 
salt. 

Methy Inaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Methylnony Inaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Tetrahydronaphthalenesulfonic acid 

All other 

♦Sulfonic acids having amide linkages: 

N- (Coconut oil acyl)-N-methyltaurine, sodium salt 

N-Cyclohexyl-N-palmitoyltaurine, sodium salt 

Laurie acid, 2-sulfoacetamidoethyl ester, potassium 
salt. 

*N-Methyl-N-oleoyltaurine, sodium salt 

N-Methy 1-N-palmitoyltaurine, sodium salt 

N-Methyl-N-(tall oil acyl)taurine, sodium salt 

N-Methy 1-N- (tallow acyl)taurine, sodium salt 

♦Sulfosuccinic acid derivatives : 

N-(l,2-Dicarboxyethyl)-N-octadecylsulfosuccinamic 

acid, tetrasodium salt. 
N- (2-Hydroxyethyl)-N- (tallow alkyl)sulfosuccinamic 

acid, disodium salt. 
N-Octadecylsulfosuccinamic acid, disodium salt 



RCD, TXT. 

CP, NPR, PC, PIL, RCD, WTC. 



TXT. 
RTF. 

STP. 
MON. 
PIL, 
BLA, 
PCS. 
TXT. 
TXT. 
TXT. 
TXT. 
USR. 



NES. 

NES, STP. 

NES. 

NES, RCD. 

NES, RCD, STP, TXN. 

CO, NES, STP, WTC. 

ATR, CO, HLI, NES, RCD, STP, WTC. 

NES, STP. 

ATR, 00, HLI, JRG, NES, PIL, RCD, STP, TXN. 



MAR. 












CPP, 


CRZ, 


WVA. 








CRZ, 


CWP, 


GLY, LKY, 


LPC, 


MAR, 


PSP 


DCP, 


MAR, 


RAY. 








CRZ, 


WVA. 










LPC. 












PSP. 












CRZ, 


CWP, 


MAR, RAY, 


WVA. 






CLD, 


CMC, 


DA, PFZ. 








GAP, 


S. 










PFZ. 












DUP, 


GAP. 










ACS, 


GAP, 


PFZ. 








NLC. 













DA, DUP, GRD, ONX. 

DUP. 

DUP. 



UDI. 
UDI. 
DUP. 
TRC. 

GAF, 
GAF. 
WTC. 

CRT, 
GAF. 
GAF, 
GAF. 

ACY, 

SCP. 

ACY, 



DA, DEP, DRW, GAF, HRT, MCP, MRA, PCI, SNW. 
WTC. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 185 

TABLE 2. --Surface-active agents: Manufacturers' identification codes, byproducts, 1968- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



Anionic Surfaae-Aative /l^ents — Continued 

•Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof)--Continued 
'Sulfonic acids having amide linkages--Continued 
*Sulfosuccinic acid derivatives--Continued 

Sulfosuccinic acid, alkanolamide ester sodium salt-- 
Sulfosuccinic acid, 2- (coconut oil ajnido)ethyl ester 

disodium salt. 
Sulfosuccinic acid, 2-undecylenamidoethyl ester, di- 
sodium salt. 
♦Sulfosuccinic acid esters: 

Sulfosuccinic acid, bis (2,6-dimethyl-4-heptyl) ester, 
sodium salt. 
•Sulfosuccinic acid, bis (2-ethylhexyl) ester, sodium 
salt. 
Sulfosuccinic acid, bis (tallow monoglyceride) ester, 
sodium salt. 

Sulfosuccinic acid, dihexyl ester, sodium salt 

Sulfosuccinic acid dioctyl ester, sodium salt 

Sulfosuccinic acid, dipentyl ester, sodium salt 

Sulfosuccinic acid, ditridecyl ester, sodium salt 

Sulfosuccinic acid, dodecyloxypoly (ethyleneoxy)ethyl 
ester, disodium salt. 

Sulfosuccinic acid monoester, ammonium salt 

Sulfosuccinic acid monoester, sodium salt 

*A11 other sulfonic acids: 

Butylhydroxybiphenyl sulfonic acid 

Coconut oil acids, 2-sulfoethyl ester, sodium salt 

Dodecyldiphenyloxidedisulfonic acid, disodium salt 

Dodecyl sulfoacetate 

2-Lauroyloxy-l-propanesulfonic acid 

Mixed alkanesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Mixed fish oils, sulfonated 

n-Octylphenol, ethoxylated and sulfonated, sodium 

salt. 
Petroleumsulfonic acid, water soluble (acid layer), 
sodium salt. 

Sperm oil, sulfonated 

All other 

•Sulfuric acid esters (and salts thereof): 
•Acids, amides, and esters, sulfated: 

•Coconut oil acids - ethanolamine condensate, sulfated, 

potassium salt. 
•Esters of sulfated oleic acid: 

2-Butoxyethyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

•Butyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

Ethyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

•Glycerol trioleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

Isobutyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

•Isopropyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

Methyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

•Propyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

All other 

•Oleic acid, sulfated, disodium salt 

•Tall oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

•Other acids, amides, and esters, sulfated: 

Coconut oil acids - isopropanolamine condensate, 

sulfated, sodium salt. 
Glycerol monoester of coconut oil acids, sulfated, 

sodium salt. 

9-Octadecenyl acetate, sulfated, sodium salt 

Oleic acid - ethanolamine condensate, sulfated, 

sodium salt. 

Oleostearin, sulfated, sodium salt 

Propyl ricinoleate, sulfated, disodium salt 

Ricinoleic acid, sulfated, disodium salt 

All other 



HDG. 
LAK. 



ACY, AKS, CRT, GST, DA, DAN, EMK, GGY, HDG, 

URT, ICI, MCP, MOA, PC, SBG, TCI, UVC. 
ACY. 



ACY, 


MOA. 


MCP, 


Rll. 


ACY. 




ACY, 


MOA. 


LAK. 




SCP. 




SCP. 




RBC. 




GAP, 


LEV. 


DOW. 




ACS, 


LEV. 


SDH. 




DUP, 


VPC, WTC. 


SLM. 




CRT, 


Rll, SNW. 


SIN, 


WTC. 


SLM. 




STC. 





DEX, EMK, ONX. 



AKS, CUP, EFH, ICI, MCP, ONX, PC. 

GAP. 

LEA, MRV, SCP. 

DA. 

CRT, DEX, HRT, ICI, LEA, LIJR, SCP. 

DA, ICI. 

ACY, CHP, GAP, MCP, MRV. 

EFH. 

ACT, ACY, CUP, CRT, DA, EFH, GAP, ICI, 

LEA, MRV, PCI, SCO, TEN, WHW. 
ACY, APX, BAO, DA, HRT, ICI, KAL, MRV, RTF, SEA, WHI. 



APX. 



DUP. 
SCP. 

SEA. 
AKS. 
DA. 
EMR. 



186 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. --Surface-active agents: Manufacturers' identification codes, byproducts, 1968- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
Csee Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



Anionic Surfaoe-Aotive Agents — Continued 

'Sulfuric acid esters (and salts thereof) — Continued 
*Alcohols, sulfated: 
*Dodecyl sulfate salts: 

2-Amino-2-methylpropanol salt 

*Aiimonium salt 

*Diethanol amine salt 

N, N- Die thy 1 eye lohexyl amine salt 

Isopropanolamine salt 

*Magnesium salt 

Potassium salt 

'Sodium salt 

*Triethanol amine salt 

*Hexadecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

*Mixed linear alcohol sulfate, sodium salt 

♦Octadecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

*Other alcohols, sulfated; 

Linear alcohols, sulfated: 

Coconut and sperm oil alkyl sulfate, sodium salt-- 

Decyl and octyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Decyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Decyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

Hexadecyl and 9-octadecenyl sulfate, sodium salt-- 

Hexyl sulfate, potassium salt 

Hexyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Mixed linear alcohol sulfate, ammonium salt 

Mixed linear alcohol sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

Nonyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Octadecyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

Octyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Tetradecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Nonlinear alcohols, sulfated: 

Branched hexadecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

3,9-Diethyl-6-tridecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

2-Ethylhexyl sulfate, sodium salt 

7-Ethyl-2-methyl-4-undecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Tridecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

*Ethers, sulfated: 

*Alkylphenols, ethoxylated and sulfated: 

Dodecylphenol, ethoxylated and sulfated, ammonium 

salt. 
(Mixed alkyl)phenol, ethoxylated and sulfated, 
ammonium salt. 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and sulfated, ammonium salt 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and sulfated, sodium salt--' 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and sulfated, triethanol- 
amine salt. 

Octylphenol, ethoxylated and sulfated, sodium salt--' 
*Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, ammonium 

salt. 
*Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, sodium salt 
*Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

sodium salt. 
'Other sulfated ethers: 

Dodecyl and tetradecyl alcohols, ethoxylated and 
sulfated, ammonium salt. 

Hexyloxypropyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and sulfated, 
ammonium salt. 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and sulfated, 
potassium salt. 

Sperm oil alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, sodium 
salt. 



DUP. 

AAC, CTL, CUL, DUP, ONX, PCS, RCD, SCP, STP. 

CUL, DUP, HLI, JRG, ONX, SCP, STP, WTC. 

DUP. 

JRG, PCS. 

AAC, CUL, HLI, ONX, STP. 

HLI, PC, RCD. 

AAC, CTL, CUL, DUP, HLI, JRG, ONX, PCS, PG, RCD, 

SCP, STP. 
AAC, CTL, CUL, DUP, HLI, ONX, PG, RCD, SCP, STP, TXT. 
AAC, DUP, SCP. 
CP, LAK, RTF, SCP, TXT. 
DUP, EMK, ONX, PG. 



DEP 


DUP 




PCS 






CTL 


DUP 




DUP, 


PCS 




RCD. 






DEX. 






GAF. 






CP, 


LAK, 


S, SCP, TXT. 


LAK. 






TEN. 






DUP. 






AAC, 


DUP. 




ONX. 






APX. 






UCC. 






AAC, 


PCS, 


SCP, UCC. 


UCC. 






AAC, 


DUP. 




GAF. 






GAF. 






CIB, 


GAF, 


PIL, STP, TXT 


CRT, 


GAF. 




ARL. 







AAC, CTL, HLI, ONX, PG. 

AAC, CTL, CUL, DUP, ONX, PCS, RCD, SCP, STP. 
CO, CRT, GAF, LAK, PIL, RCD, RTF, SCP, SHC, STP, 
TXT, UCC. 



CO, DA, GAF, LAK, NLC, PIL, RCD, SCP, SHC, STP, 

TXT, UCC. 
DA, SHC, STP. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 187 

TABLE 2. --Surface-active agents: Manufacturers' identification codes, byproducts, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



Anionic Surface-Active Agents — Continued 

'Sulfuric acid esters (and salts thereof)--Continued 
*Ethers, sulfated--Continued 

•Other sulfated ethers--Continued 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, sodium 
salt. 

All other 

♦Natural fats and oils, sulfated: 

*Castor oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

*Coconut oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

*Cod oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Cottonseed oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Grease, other than wool, sulfated, sodium salt 

Herring oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Lard, sulfated, sodium salt 

Mixed animal and vegetable oils, sulfated, sodium salt- 
Mixed fish oils, sulfated, sodium salt 

Mustard seed oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

*Neat's-foot oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

*Peanut oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

*Ricebran oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

'Soybean oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

*Sperm oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

*Tallow, sulfated, sodium salt 

Whale oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

All other 

Other anionic surface-active agents: 

Lignin (non-sulfonated) and salts thereof 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and carbonated, 

sodium salt . 
Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and carbonated, sodium 

salt. 

Cationio-Surfaoe-Aotive Agents 

*Amine oxides and oxygen-containing amines (except those 
having amide linkages): 
'Acyclic: 

N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl) (coconut oil alkyl)amine oxide-- 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)dodecylamine 

N,N-Bis (2- hydroxy ethyl Joctadecyl amine 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)octadecylamine oxide 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl) (tallow alkyl)amine 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl) (tallow alkyl)amine acetate 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl) (tallow alkyl)amine oxide 

'(Coconut oil alkyl)amine, ethoxylated 

(Coconut oil alkyl)amine, ethoxylated, acetate 

(Coconut oil alkyl)amine, ethoxylated, maleate 

5,8-Diethyl-7-hydroxydodecane-6-one oxirae 

N,N-Dimethyl (coconut oil alkyl)amine oxide 

N,N-Dimethylhexadecyl amine oxide 

N,N-Dimethyl(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine oxide 

(Hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine, ethoxylated 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-N,N' ,N'-tris(2-hydroxypropyl)ethyl- 

enediamine. 
1,1',1'',1'''- [2-hydroxypropyliminobis)ethylene- 
nitrilo] tetra-2-propanol , tristearate ester. 

'(Mixed alkyljamine, ethoxylated 

(Mixed alky l)poly(oxy ethylene) amine 

Mixed substituted oximes 

(9-Octadecenyl) amine, ethoxylated 



AAC, ARL, OtJX, RCD. 
APX, PC. 

AAH, ACT, ACY, AKS, AML, APX, BAO, BSW, CRT, DA, 
DEX, DRW, liFH, GAF, HRT, ICI, KAL, KNG, LEA, 
LUR, MCP, MRA, MRD, MRV, ONX, PC, S, SCO, SEA, 
SLC, SLM, SNW, Will, WHW. 

ACY, BAO, DA, KNG, LUR, MRD, RTC, SEA, WHW. 

ACT, BAO, CRT, DRW, EFH, HRT, MRD, S, SEA, WAW, 
WHI, WHW. 

DA. 

SEA, Will, winv. 

DA. 

SLM, WAW. 

SLM. 

AML, BAO, SCO, SLM, Will. 

DA, LUR. 

ACT, BAO, CRT, DA, KAL, LEA, LUR, MRD, PC, SEA, 

SLM, WHI, WHW. 
ACY, DA, ICI, LEA, LUR, SLC. 
EFH, KNG, LUR. 

CRT, DRW, HRT, KAL, LEA, MRD, ONX. 
ACT, AKS, BAO, CLD, CRT, DA, DRW, HRT, KAL, KNG, 

MRD, ONX, RTC, S, SEA, SLM, WHI, WHW. 
ACT, ACY, BAO, BSW, DA, EFH, HEW, ICl, KAL, LUR, MCP, 

MRA, MRD, ONX, PC, PCI, SCP, SEY, SID, SOS, WHI. 
KNG. 

wn. 



WVA. 



FIN. 
FIN, TCH. 



APD, ARC, NEC, SDH, TCH, VAC. 



ARC. 
CTL, 
ARC, 
ARC. 
ARC. 
ONX, 
ARC. 
AAC, 
RFC. 
SDH. 
GNM. 
ARC. 
ONX. 
ARC. 
CIB. 
NEC. 

DUP. 



APD, CIB, DA, GAF, Rll. 

GAF. 

GNM. 

ARC. 



^88 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. --Surface-active agents: Manufacturers' identification codes, byproducts, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



Cationia Surface-Active Agents--Continued 

•Amine oxides and oxygen- containing amines (except those 
having amide linkages) — Continued 
*Acyclic--Continued 

Octadecyl amine, ethoxylated 

Polyethylenepolyamine, alkoxylated 

♦(Soybean oil alkyl)amine, ethoxylated 

*(Tallow alkyl)amine, ethoxylated 

N- (Tallow alkyl)trimethylenediamine, ethoxylated 

N,N,N' ,N'-Tetrakis(2-hydroxyethyl)ethylenediamine 

N,N,N' ,N'-Tetrakis(2-hydroxypropyl)ethylenedi amine, 
propoxylated and ethoxylated. 

All other 7--- 

*Cyclic products (except imidazoline and oxazoline deriva- 
tives): 

N- (Coconut oil alkyl)morpholine oxide 

N- (2-Hydroxy ethyl )-l,2-diphenyle thy lenedi amine 

Lignin amine 

Rosin amine, ethoxylated 

♦Imidazoline and oxazoline derivatives: 

2-(8-Heptadecenyl)-4,4-bis(hydroxymethyl)-2-oxazoline-- 

2-(8-Heptadecenyl)-l-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-imidazoline 

2- (8-Heptadecenyl)-4-hydroxymethyl-4-methyl-2-oxazo- 

line. 

2- (Heptadecyl- 1- (2-hydroxyethyl)-2-imadazoline 

1- (2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nonyl-2-iiiiidazoline 

1- (2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nor (coconut oil alkyl)-2-imidazo- 
line. 
*l-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(tall oil alkyl)-2-imidazoline- 
l-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-tridecyl-2-imidazoline hydrochlo- 
ride , 

l-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-undecyl-2-imidazoline 

2- (ll-Hydroxy-8-heptadecenyl) -2- imidazoline 

♦Amines and amine oxides having amide linkages: 

♦Carboxylic acid - diamine and polyamine condensates: 

Caprylic acid - tetraethylenepentamine condensate 

Coconut oil acids - N,N-dimethyltrimethylenediamine 

condensate. 
Mixed dicarboxylic acids - polyalkylenepolyamine con- 
densate. 
Mixed fatty acids - polyalkylenepolyamine condensate-- 

Oleic acid - 1- (2-aminoethyl)piperazine condensate 

Oleic acid - diethylenetriamine condensate 

Oleic acid - N,N-dimethyltrimethylenediamine conden- 
sate. 

♦Stearic acid - diethylenetriamine condensate 

Stearic acid - N,N-diethylethylenediamine condensate-- 

Stearic acid - dipropylenetriamine condensate 

Stearic acid - tetraethylenepentamine condensate 

Tall oil acids - diethylenetriamine condensate 

Tall oil acids - polyalkylenepolyamine condensate 

All other 

♦Oleic acid - ethylenediamine condensate, monoethoxy- 

lated. 
♦Stearic acid - ethylenediamine condensate, monoethoxy- 

lated. 
♦Other amines and amine oxides having amide linkages: 
Coconut oil acids - diethylenetriamine condensate, 

poly ethoxylated. 
Coconut oil acids - ethylenediamine condensate, mono- 
ethoxylated. 

3-Lauramido-N,N-dimethylpropylamine oxide 

Palm oil acids - ethylenediamine condensate, mono- 
ethoxylated. 

Polypeptide, ethyl ester 

Stearic acid - diethylenetriamine condensate, poly- 

ethoxylated. 
Stearic acid - ethylenediamine condensate, polyethoxy- 
lated. 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



ARC, ICl. 

NLC. 

AAC, ARC, RTF, VAC. 

ARC, ASH, CIB, DUP, TCH, VAC. 

ARC, RTF. 

NLC. 

WYN. 



ARC. 
APX. 
WVA. 
HPC, NLC, PCS, RTF. 

COM, SWT, UVC. 
ONX, UVC. 
COM, UVC. 

GGY, MOA, UVC. 
PCS, UVC. 
GGY, UVC. 

CUL, HDG, NLC, UVC, x. 
UVC, WTC. 



UVC. 






ICl. 






JRG, 


PCS, 


TXT. 


TXT. 






GRD, 


ICl, 


NLC. 


TXT. 






APD, 


TXT. 




CCW, 


CIB, 


SNW. 


APX, 


CST, 


HRT, ONX 


CBP. 






JOR. 






ICl, 


ONX. 




NCW, 


NLC, 


PCS. 


PCS, 


UVC. 




EFH, 


VND. 




CLD, 


DEX, 


SOC, TNA 



CLD, CMG, CST, DA, DEP, DEX, ICl, MRA, S, SNW. 



TCC. 
ARL. 



SNW. 
APX. 



MYW. 
TCC. 



SURFACE- ACTIVE AGENTS 189 

TABLE 2. --Surface-active agents: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



Cationia Supfaae-Aative Agents — Continued 

♦Amines, not containing oxygen (and salts thereof): 
•Amine salts: 

(Coconut oil alkyl)amine acetate 

Hexamethylenediamine-p-toluenesulfonate 

(Hydrogenated tallow alkyl)ainine acetate 

(9-0 ctadecenyl) amine acetate 

(9-Octadecenyl) amine oleate 

N- (9-0ctadecenyl)trimethylenediamine tallate 

Oct adecyl amine acetate 

Octylamine acetate 

(Soybean oil alkyl)amine acetate 

(Tallow alkyl)amine acetate 

N- (Tallow alkyl)trimethylenediamine acetate 

N- (Tallow alkyl)trimethylenediamine naphthenate 

N- (Tallow alkyl)trimethylenediamine oleate 

N- (Tallow-alkyljtrimethylenediamine tallate 

All other 

•Diamines and polyamines: 

*N- (Coconut oil alkyl )trimethylenediamine 

•Imidazoline derivatives: 

1- (2- Aminoethyl)-2-heptadecy 1-2- imidazoline 

1- (2-Aminoethyl)-2- (mixed alkyl)-2-imidazoline 

1- [3- (2-Aminoethyl)naphth-l-yl]-2- (8-heptadecenyl)-2- 
imidazoline. 

1- (2-Aminoethyl)-2-nor(tall oil alkyl)-2-imidazoline- 

2- (8-Heptadecenyl)- 2- imidazoline 

2- Hept adecyl- 2- imidazoline 

*N- (9-0ctadecenyl)trime thy lenedi amine 

*N- (Tallow alky l)trime thy lenedi amine 

•Other diamines and polyamines: 

N-(Docosyl- and eicosyljtrimethylenediaraine 

N- (Mixed alkyl)polyethylenepolyamine 

N- (Soybean oil alkyl)trimethylenediaraine 

N-(Tall oil alkyljtrimethylenediamine 

N- (Tallow alkyl)dipropylenetriamine 

•Primary monoamines: 

•(Coconut oil alkyl)ajiiine 

(Cottonseed oil alkyl)amine 

Docosyl- and eicosylamine 

Dodecyl amine 

•Hexadecyl amine 

•(Hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine 

(Mixed alkyl) amine 

(Mixed tert- alkyl) amine 

*9-0ctadecenylamine 

•Oct adecyl amine 

Octylamine 

tert-Octyl amine 

(Soybean oil alkyl)amine 

•(Tall oil alkyl)amine 

•(Tallow alkyl) amine 

•Secondary and tertiary monoamines: 

Bis(coconut oil alkyl)amine 

Bis (hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine 

Bis(soybean oil alkyl)amine 

*N,N-Dimethyl (coconut oil alkyl)amine 

N,N- Dimethyl dodecyl amine 

N, N- Dime thy Ihexadecyl amine 

N,N-Dimethyl(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine 

N,N- Dimethyl (mixed alkyl) amine 

•N,N-Dimethyloctadecylamine 

N,N- Dimethyl (soybean oil alkyl)amine 

N,N-Dimethy Itetradecylamine 

N-Methylbis (coconut oil alkyl)amine 

N-Methy Ibis (hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine 

N-Methylbis (mixed alkyl) amine 

N-Methyldi Oct adecyl amine 

Tri dodecyl amine 

Tri octylamine 

3Sa-3S3 O - 70 - 13 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



ARC, ASH. 

X. 

ARC, ASH. 

ARC, GNM. 

ARC. 

ARC. 

ACY, ARC. 

ARC. 

ARC, ENO. 

ARC, ASH, FOR. 

ARC, FOR. 

APD, FOR. 

ARC, FOR. 

ARC. 

ASH. 

ARC, ENO, FOR, GNM. 



HDG 


UVC 








RTF 


UVC 








NLC. 










NLC, 


RTF 


UVC 






PCS. 










SCO. 










ARC, 


FOR, 


GNM. 






ARC, 


ENO, 


FOR, 


GNM. 




ENO. 










CCW. 










ARC, 


ENO. 








ARC. 










GNM. 










ARC, 


ASH, 


ENO, 


FOR, 


GNM 


FOR. 










ENO. 










ARC, 


ASH, 


ENO, 


FOR, 


GNM 


ARC, 


ASH, 


ENO, 


FOR. 




ARC, 


ASH, 


ENO, 


FOR, 


GNM 


ARC. 










RH. 










ARC, 


ENO, 


FOR, 


GNM. 




ARC, 


ASH, 


ENO, 


FOR, 


GNM 


ARC. 










RH. 










ARC, 


ENO. 








ARC, 


FOR, 


GNM. 






ARC, 


ASH, 


ENO, 


FOR, 


GNM 


ARC. 










FOR. 










ARC. 










ARC, 


BRD, 


PG. 






BRD. 










BRD. 










ARC, 


ENO. 








BRD. 










ARC, 


BRD, 


ENO, 


PG. 




ARC, 


ENO. 








BRD, 


ENO. 








ENO. 


FOR, 


GNM. 






ARC, 


ENO, 


FOR, 


GNM. 




PG. 










FOR. 










GNM. 










GNM. 











190 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. --Surface-active agents: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 






Manufacturers' identification 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 


codes 
2) 


Cationio Supface-Aotive ;4gente— Continued 










*Oxygen-containing quaternary ammonium salts (except those 










having amide linkages): 










'Acyclic: 










(2-Aminoethyl)ethyl(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)(2-hy- 


LUR, 


VAC. 






droxyethyl) ammonium ethyl sulfate. 










Bis(2-hydroxyethyl, ethoxylated)ethylammonium ethyl 


APD. 








sulfate. 










Bis(2-hydroxyethyl, ethoxylated)methyl(9-octadecenyl)- 


ARC. 








ammonium chloride. 










Bis (2- hydroxy ethyl, ethoxy latedjme thy loctadecyl ammo- 


ARC. 








nium chloride. 










(Coconut oil alkyl)amine, ethoxylated and quatema- 


ARC. 








rized. 










(Coconut oil alkyl)bis(2-hydroxyethyl, ethoxylated)- 


ARC, 


VAC. 






me thy 1 ammonium chloride. 










(Coconut oil alkyl) (2-hydroxyethyl, ethoxylated)methyl- 


ARC. 








(mixed alkyl)ammonium methyl sulfate. 










N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-N,N' ,N'- tris (2-hydroxypropy l)ethyl- 


DUP. 








enediamine, distearate methyl sulfate. 










2-Hydroxytrimethylenebis [(coconut oil alkyl)dimethyl- 


CIB. 








ammonium chloride]. 










(9-0ctadecenyl)amine, ethoxylated and quaternarized 


ARC. 










TCC. 
ARC. 








(Tallow alkyljamine, propoxylated and quaternarized 








(Tallow alkyl)diamine, ethoxylated and quaternarized 


ARC. 








N,N,N' ,N'-Tetrakis(2-hydroxypropyl)ethylenediamine di- 


DUP. 








oleate methyl sulfate. 










*Benzenoid: 










Benzyl (coconut oil alkyl)bis (2-hydroxyethy l)ammonium 


CIB, 


NLC. 






chloride. 










Benzyl(coconut oil alkyl, ethoxylated)dimethylammonium 


GAP. 








chloride. 










1-Benzy 1-2- heptadecy 1-1- (2- hydroxy ethyl)-2- imidazolin- 


UVC. 








ium chloride. 










l-Benzyl-l-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(tall oil alkyl)-2- 


MO A, 


NLC, 


UVC. 




imidazolinium chloride. 










(Ethoxybenzyl)dimethyl (octylphenoxy)ainmonium chloride-- 


RH. 








(Ethoxybenzyl)dimethyl (octyltolyloxy)ammonium chloride- 


RH. 








*Cyclic nonbenzenoid: 










1-Ethyl- 2- (8-heptadecenyl)-l- (2-hydroxyethy l)-2-imid- 


APD, 


MO A, 


UVC. 




azolinium ethyl sulfate. 










N-Ethyl-N-hexadecylmorpholinium ethyl sulfate 


APD, 


BRD. 






N-Ethyl-N- (soybean oil alkyljmorpholinium ethyl sul- 


APD. 








fate. 










2 (8-Heptadeceny l)-l,l-bis (2- hydroxy ethyl )-2-imidazo- 


GGY. 








linium chloride. 










♦Quaternary ammonium salts having amide linkages: 










2-Heptadecyl-l-methyl-l- (2-steararaidoethyl)-2-imidazo- 


CUL. 








linium methyl sulfate. 










(2-Hyd ro xy ethyl) dime thy 1( 3- stearamidopropyl) ammonium di- 


ACY. 








hydrogen phosphate. 










(2-Hydroxyethyl) dimethyl (3-stearamidopropyl)ammonium ni- 


ACY. 








trate. 










(2-Hydroxyethyl) dimethyl (3- tallow acyl ami dop ropy 1) ammo- 


CUL. 








nium chloride. 










(3-Lauraraidopropyl) trimethylammonium methyl sulfate 


ACY. 








Trimethyl(3-oleamidopropyl)ammonium methyl sulfate 


CIB. 








All other 


DUP, 


NLC. 











SITRFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 191 

TABLE 2. --Surface-active agents: Manufacturers' identification codes, byproducts, 1968- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



Cationia Surfaoe-Aative Agents — Continued 

*Quatemary ammonium salts, not containing oxygen; 
♦Acyclic: 

*Bis (coconut oil alkyl )dimethylainmonium chloride 

Bis (coconut oil alkyl )dimethylaiiimonium nitrate 

*Bis(hydrogenatcd tallow alky l)dimethyl ammonium 
chloride. 

*(Coconut oil alkyl )trimethylaimiionium chloride 

(Cottonseed oil alkyl)trimethylammonium chloride 

Didodecyldimethylammonium bromide 

Dimethylbis (mixed alkyl)- and Trimethyl (mixed alkyl)- 
ammonium chloride. 

Dimethylbis(9-octadecenyl)ammonlum chloride 

Dimethylbis (soybean oil alkyl) ammonium chloride 

Dime thyldi Oct adecyl ammonium chloride 

Dimethyldioctadecylammonium methyl sulfate 

Dodecyltrimethy lammonium bromide 

Dodecyltrimethylammonium chloride 

Ethyldimethyl (mixed alkyl)ammonium ethyl sulfate 

Ethy Idime thy 1(9- Oct adecenyl) ammonium bromide 

Ethylhexadecyldimethy lammonium bromide 

*Hexadecyltriraethylammonium salts: 

Hexadecy It rime thy lammonium bromide 

Hexadecylti"ime thy lammonium chloride 

Hexadecy It rime thy lammonium p-toluenesulfonate 

(Hydrogenated tallow alky l)trimethylamraoniura chloride- 
Met hyl trio cty lammonium chloride 

Methyl tris (mixed alkyl )ammonium chloride 

N,N,N' ,N' ,N'-Pentamethyl-N- (tallow alky l)t rime thy lene- 
bis[ammonium chloride]. 

Triethyloctadecy lammonium ethyl sulfate 

Trimethyloct adecyl ammonium chloride 

Trimethyl (soybean oil alkyl)ammonium chloride 

Trimethyl (tallow alkyl) ammonium chloride 

Tri me thy Itetradecy lammonium bromide 

All other 

*Benzenoid: 

"Benzyl (coconut oil alkyl )dimethylammoniura chloride 

*Benzyldimethyl (mixed alkyl)ammonium chloride 

* Benzyl dime thy loctadecy lammonium chloride 

Benzyldimethy Itetradecy lammonium chloride 

Ben zyldodecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride 

Benzylhexadecy Idime thy lammonium chloride 

Benzyl (hydrogenated tallow alkyl )dimethy lammonium 
chloride . 

Benzyl(mixed alkyl )pyridinium chloride 

1-Benzylpyridinium chloride 

Benzyltrimethylammoni^im chloride 

*( 3, 4- Di ch lo rob en zyl)dodecy Idime thy lammonium chloride-- 

(Dodecy lb enzyl)dimethy loctadecy lammonium chloride 

(Dodecylbenzyl ) tri ethy lammonium chloride 

* (Dodecylbenzyl )trimethylammoniura chloride 

2-Dodecylisoquinolinium bromide 

(Dodecylmethy lb enzyl) tri me thy lammonium chloride 

1-Dodecylpyridinium chloride 

(Ethy lbenzyl)dimethyl (mixed alkyl) ammonium chloride — 

Nonionia Surfaoe-Aotive Agents 

*Carboxylic acid amides: 

*Carboxylic acid - alkanolamine condensates: 

*Diethanolamine condensates (amine/acid ratio = 2/1): 

*Capric acid 

Castor oil acids 

'Coconut oil acids 



ARC, 


ENO, 


FOR, 


GNM, 


VAC. 


ARC. 










ARC, 


ASH, 


ENO, 


FOR, 


GNM, VAC 


ARC, 


FOR, 


GNM. 






FOR. 










ONX. 










GNM. 










GNM. 










ARC. 










FOR, 


ONX, 


PG. 






ONX. 










DUP. 










ARC, 


FOR, 


GNM. 






JOR, 


TCC. 








ONX. 










FIN. 










DUP, 


FIN, 


ICl. 






ARC, 


BRD. 








FIN. 










ARC, 


FOR. 








GNM. 










ASH. 










ARC, 


GNM, 


ORO. 






AKS. 










ARC. 










ARC, 


VAC. 








ARC, 


FOR, 


GNM. 






FIN. 










STC, 


VAC. 








CRT, 


DEP, 


LUR, 


RTF, 


TXT. 


AAC, 


BRD, 


CUL, 


FIN, 


ONX, PG, 


CUL, 


FIN, 


ONX, 


TNI, 


WSN. 


SNW. 










FIN, 


ONX, 


SDH. 






ONX, 


RH. 








ENO. 










RFT. 










DEP. 










BRD, 


CUL, 


TCC, 


VAC. 




CUL, 


ONX, 


VAC. 






ARC. 










PC. 










CUL, 


NLC, 


VAC, 


WTC. 




CUL, 


ONX. 








RH. 










BRD, 


HK. 








ONX. 











GGY, PCS, SCP, UVC. 

BAG, PCS, VAL. 

AKS, AML, ARD, BSW, CLI , CTL, DA, DEP, DSO, EFH, GAF, 
HLl, HRT, JOR, KNP. LUR, MCP, MOA, ONX, PC, PCS, 
PNX, PUR, RCD, RTF, SBC, SCP, SEY, SOP, SOS, STP, 
SWT, TXC, UNN, UVC, VAC, VND, WTC. 



192 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. --Surface-active agents: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



Nonionic Rurface-Aative Agents — Continued 

*Carboxylic acid amides — Continued 

*Carboxylic acid - alkanolamine condensates--Continued 
*Diethanolaraine condensates (amine/acid ratio = 2/1) — 
Continued 

Coconut oil and tall oil acids 

*Coconut oil and tallow acids 

* Laurie acid 

Laurie and myristic acids 

Linoleic acid 

Mixed vegetable oil acids 

♦Oleic acid 

Palmitic acid 

Palmitic and stearic acids 

Pelargonic acid 

'Stearic acid 

Tallow acids- 

*Tall oil acids 

Unspecified mixed fatty acids 

*Diethanolamine condensates (other amine/acid ratios): 
*Coconut oil acids (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Coconut oil acids (other ratios) 

Hydrogenated tallow acids (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

*Lauric acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Laurie and myristic acids (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Myristic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

*01eic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Palmitic and stearic acids (amine/acid ratio=l/l) — 

Pelargonic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Safflower oil acids (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

'Stearic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Stearic acid (amine/acid ratio=2.7/l) 

Tall oil acids (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Tall oil acids (amine/acid ratio=2.7/l) 

Tallow acids (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Unspecified mixed fatty acids (amine/acid 
ratio=l/l). 
*Ethanolamine condensates: 

Coconut oil acids (amine/acid ratio=2/l) 

Coconut oil acids (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Hydrogenated castor oil acids (amine/acid 
ratio=2/l). 

Hydrogenated tallow acids (amine/acid ratio=2/l) 

♦Laurie acid (amine/acid ratio=2/l) 

Laurie and myristic acids (amine/acid ratio=2/l) 

Laurie and myristic acids (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Oleic acid (amine/acid ratio=2/l) 

Oleic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Stearic acid (amine/acid ratio=2/l) 

Stearic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

♦Stearic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/2) 

Other 

♦Isopropanol amine condensates: 

Coconut oil acids 

♦Laurie acid 

Laurie and myristic acids 

Oleic acid 

♦Carboxylic acid - alkanolamine condensates, ethoxylated 
Coconut oil acids - ethanolamine condensate, 

ethoxylated. 
Hydrogenated tallow acids - ethanolamine condensate, 
ethoxylated. 

♦Oleic acid - ethanolamine condensate, ethoxylated 

Tallow acids - propanolamine condensate, ethoxylated-- 
♦Carboxylic acid esters: 
♦Anhydrosorbitol esters: 

Anhydrosorbitol dioleate 

♦Anhydrosorbitol monoester of tall oil acids 

Anhydrosorbitol monolaurate 



CSB. 

CIB, CLI, CRT, DA, GAF, PC. 

CLI, DA, DRW, HLI, MOA, ONX, PCS, PC, RCD, WON, WTC. 

HLl. 

VND. 

HLI. 

CCW, CLI, EMR, STP, UVC, VAC, WTC. 

CMC. 

MCP. 

EMR. 

AML, CLI, DA, EMR, JOR, ONX, SCO, SOS, TXC, VAL. 

MOA, WTC. 

EFM, MCP, MOA, MRA, SOS. 

ROB. 

APX, ARD, CCL, CLI, CTL, CUL, DA, EMK, GGY, HLI, MOA, 
MRV, ONX, PCS, PEK, PIL, QCP, RTF, SBC, SCO, SEY, 
STP, TCC, TXT, VAC. 

EMR, JRG. 

DA. 

CTL, CUL, DRW, HLI, LEV, MOA, ONX, PCS, PG, SBC, STP, 
TXN, VAC. 

CLI, RTF, TXT. 

HDG. 

DA, GGY, PCS, SBC, SWT, TCC, TXT. 

GAF, MRA. 

PCS. 

MOA. 

EMR, GAF, GGY, GLY, MOA, RFC, SEY, UVC. 

EFH. 

MRV. 

EFH. 

RFC. 

STP. 



AES, CTL, STP, VND, WTC. 

APX, MOA, PCS, PG, STP, UVC, VAC. 

BAC, GLY. 



GLY. 










AES, 


ARC, 


CTL 


WTC. 




TXN. 










TXT. 










HAL. 










VPC. 










ARC, 


CLI. 








MOA, 


VND. 








GLY, 


PCS, 


WTC. 






HAL, 


MOA, 


VAC. 






STP. 










CLI, 


MOA, 


PCS, 


WTC. 




LEV, 


MOA, 


TXT 






WTC. 










DA, 


STP. 








ARC. 










ARC 


ARD, 


DA, 


GAF. 




NLC. 










APD. 










APD 


GLY, 


HDG 


RTF, 


TCH. 


APD, 


ARC, 


GLY 


HDG, 


TCH. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 193 

TABLE 2. --Surface-active agents: Manufacturers' identification codes, byproducts, 1968— Continued 



Nonionia Surface-Active /!g'ente--Continued 

*Carbox>lic acid esters--Continued 
•Anhydrosorbitol esters — Continued 

Anhydrosorbitol mono-oleate 

Anil ydros orb itol monopalmitate 

'Anhydrosorbitol monostearate 

*Anhydrosorbitol sesquioleate 

Anhydrosorbitol tetrastearate 

Anhydrosorbitol triester of tall oil acids 

'Anhydrosorbitol trioleate 

'Anhydrosorbitol tristearate 

All other 

*Diethylene glycol esters: 

Diethylene glycol dioleate 

Diethylene glycol distearate 

'Diethylene glycol monolaurate 

'Diethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Diethylene glycol monoricinoleate 

'Diethylene glycol monostearate 

Diethylene glycol sesquiester of tall oil acids 

Diethylene glycol sesqui-isostearate 

Diethylene glycol sesquilaurate 

Diethylene glycol sesquistearate 

'Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol esters: 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monoester of tall oil 
acids . 

'Ethox>-lated anhydrosorbitol monolaurate 

'Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol mono-oleate 

'Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monopalmitate 

'Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monostearate 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol triester of castor oil 

acids . 
Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol triester of tall oil 
acids . 

'Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol trioleate 

'Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol tristearate 

'Ethylene glycol esters: 

Ethylene glycol distearate 

Ethylene glycol ester of diraer acid 

Ethylene glycol mono-oleate 

'Ethylene glycol monostearate 

Ethylene glycol sesquistearate 

'Glycerol esters: 

'Complex glycerol esters: 

Glycerol diacetyltartrate monostearate 

Glycerol lactate ester of hydrogenated cottonseed 

and palm oil acids. 
Glycerol lactate ester of hydrogenated tallow acids 

Glycerol lactate palmitate 

Glycerol lactate stearate 

Glycerol maleate mono-oleate 

Glycerol r.ionoester of mixed fatty acids, acetylated 

Glycerol mono-oleate, acetylated 

Glycerol monostearate, succinylated 

Glyceryl mannitan laurate 

'Glycerol esters of chemically defined acids: 

Glycerol dioleate 

Glycerol distearate 

Glycerol monocaprate 

Glycerol monocapry late 

Glycerol monolaurate 

'Glycerol mono-oleate 

'Glycerol monoricinoleate 

'Glycerol monostearate 

'Glycerol esters of mixed acids: 

Glycerol monoester of coconut oil acids 

Glycerol monoester of com oil acids 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



AAC, APD, ARC, DRW, EMR, GLY, HAL, HDG, PCS, TCH. 

APD, GLY, HDG, PCS, TCH. 

AAC, APD, ARC, DRW, GLY, HDG, PCS. 

AAC, GLY, HDG. 

APD. 

TCH. 

AAC, APD, GLY, PCS, TCH. 

APD, DRW, GLY, HDG, PCS. 

GLY. 

GLY. 

ARC, GLY. 

ARC, CCW, EMR, GLY, HAL, HDG, WTC. 

ARC, HAL, WTC. 

GLY. 

AML, ARC, CCW, CLI , DA, HAL, HDG, MCP, PCS, QCP, 

UVC, VAL, VND, WTC. 
QCP, WTC. 
SEY. 

ARC, GLY. 
WM. 

RTF, TCH. 

AAC, APD, ARC, DRW, GLY, HDG, PCS, TCH. 

AAC, APD, ARC, DRW, GLY, HDG, PCS, TCH, VAC. 

AAC, APD, GLY, HDG, PCS, TCH. 

AAC, APD, ARC, DRW, GLY, HDG, PCS, TCH. 

APD. 



APD. 



AAC, APD, GLY, TCH. 

AAC, APD, DRW, GLY, HDG, PCS, TCH. 

ARC, CCA, EMR, HAL, HDG, HUM. 

EMR. 

EFH, HAL. 

ARC, CCW, GLY, HAL, HDG, KNP, PCS, VND, IVM. 

CLI, WM. 



DRW, PCS. 
GLD. 

GLD. 

ARC, DRW. 
PCS. 



EKT. 
GLY. 



ARC, HAL. 

APD, APX, ARC. 

ARC. 

DRW. 

ARC, GLY, HAL. 

APD, ARC, CCW, DA, DRW, EFH, EKT, EMR, GLY, HAL, 

HDG, PCS, SWT, WM. 
CCW, DA, EFH, GLY, HAL, HDG. 
ARC, BLS, CCW, CHL, CRT, DRW, EKT, EMR, GLY, GRO, 

HAL, HRT, LUR, MRA, NW, PCS, PG, SOS, SWT, TCC, 

VND, WM, WTC. 

DRW, GLY, SWT, WM. 
GLD. 



194 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. --Surface-active agents: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



Nonionia Surface-Active Agents — Continued 

*Carboxylic acid esters--Continued 
•Glycerol esters--Continued 

•Glycerol esters of ndxed acids--Continued 

Glycerol monoester of cottonseed oil acids 

Glycerol monoester of hydrogenated cottonseed oil 
acids . 
•Glycerol monoester of hydrogenated soybean oil 
acids . 

Glycerol monoester of hydrogenated tallow acids 

Glycerol monoester of lard acids 

Glycerol monoester of peanut oil acids 

Glycerol monoester of tall oil acids 

Glycerol monoester of unspecified mixed fatty acids-' 

Glycerol sesquiester of tall oil acids 

Glycerol sesquiester of unspecified mixed fatty 
acids . 
♦Natural fats and oils, ethoxylated: 

•Castor oil, ethoxylated 

Hydrogenated castor oil ethoxylated 

•Lanolin, ethoxylated 

Tallow, ethoxylated 

•Polyethylene glycol esters; 

•Polyethylene glycol esters of chemically cfefined acids 

Polyethylene glycol dibenzoate 

•Polyethylene glycol dilaurate 

•Polyethylene glycol dioleate 

•Polyethylene glycol distearate 

Polyethylene glycol methylcarbitol maleate 

•Polyethylene glycol monolaurate 

•Polyethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Polyethylene glycol monopalmitate 

Polyethylene glycol monopelargonate 

•Polyethylene glycol monoricinoleate 

•Polyethylene glycol monostearate 

Polyethylene glycol sesquioleate 

•Polyethylene glycol esters of rosin and tall oil acids 

Polyethylene glycol diester of tall oil acids 

Polyethylene glycol monoester of rosin acids 

•Polyethylene glycol monoester of tall oil acids 

Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of rosin acids 

•Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of tall oil acids 

•Polyethylene glycol esters of other mixed acids: 
Polyethylene glycol esters of mixed unspecified 

fatty acids. 
Polyethylene glycol diester of trimerized castor 

oil acids. 
Polyethylene glycol monoester of coconut oil acids — 
Polyethylene glycol monoester of soybean oil acids--- 

Polyethylene glycol monopelargonate 

Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of castor oil acids-- 
•Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of coconut oil 
acids . 

Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of tallow acids 

•Polyglycerol esters: 

Polyglycerol lactate oleate 

Polyglycerol monolaurate 

Polyglycerol mono-oleate 

Polyglycerol monostearate 

•Propanediol esters: 

1, 2- Propanediol distearate 

1, 3-Propanediol monoester of coconut oil acids 

1,2-Propanediol monoester of tallow acids 



EKT. 
GLD, LEV. 

DRW, EKT, GLD, PCS. 

GLD. 

ARC, EKT, GLD, GLY. 

DRW. 

EFH. 

EKT, LEV. 

ARC, SLM. 

APD. 



AAC, APD, BAC, DA, DRW, EMR, GAP, GLY, ICI, NLC, PCS, 

RTF, TCH, TMH, KYN. 
APD, DA, GAP, TCH. 
AAC, APD, CRD, PCS. 
DRW. 



TCC. 

ARC, DA, DEX, DRW, EFH, GLY, HAL, HDG, JOR, PCS, WM. 

ARC, CLD, DA, EFH, GGY, GLY, HAL, HDG, NLC, PCS, SM, 

UVC, VND. 
ARC, EFH, GLY, HAL, HDG, PCS, QCP. 
CCA. 
AAC, ARC, CCA, DA, DEX, GAF, GGY, GLY, HAL, HDG, JOR, 

KNP, MCP, PCS, SYC, TCH, UVC. 
APD, ARC, CCA, CRT, DA, DEX, DRW, EFH, GAF, GGY, GLY, 

HAL, HDG, HRT, ICI, ONX, PCS, SM, SWT, SYC, TCH, 

UVC, VAC, 1*1, WTC. 
APD, CLD. 
PCS. 

ARC, DA, HAL, UVC. 
AAC, AKS, AML, APD, ARC, CHP, CRT, DA, DEP, DEX, DRW, 

EFH, EMR, GAF, GGY, GLY, HAL, HDG, ICI, KNP, ONX, 

PC, PCS, RH, SEY, TCC, TCH, UVC, VAC, VND, WTC. 
EMR, PCS. 

EFH, GLY. 
NLC. 

EFH, GLY, NLC, SOS. 
APD, HPC, QCP. 

AML, APD, APX, ARC, DA, DRW, MON, CMC, SLM, TCH, UVC, 
WTC. 

EMR, MCP, VAC. 

GLY. 

EMR, GLY. 

SYC. 

EMR. 

ARC, GGY. 

ARL, DA, DRW, ONX, PG, SCP , UVC, VND. 

ONX, SOS. 

DRW. 

VND. 

HDG, PCS, VND. 

PCS. 

ARC, HAL, PCS. 

DRW. 

GLD. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 195 

TABLE 2. --Surface-active agents: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968— Continued 



Ncnionio Surfaoe-Active i4je«tB--Continued 

*Carboxylic acid esters--Continued 
•Propanediol esters — Continued 

1,2- Propanediol monolaurate 

1 , 2- Propanediol mono- ol eat e 

1,2- Propanediol monopalmitate 

* 1,2- Propanediol monostearate 

*Other carboxylic acid esters: 

Anhydrosorbitol glycerol monolaurate 

Ethoxylated glycerol sesquiester of mixed fatty acids 

Ethoxylated methanol ester of coconut oil acids 

Ethoxylated 1,2-propanediol mono-oleate 

Ethoxylated 1,2-propanediol monostearate 

Ethoxylated sorbitol beeswax ester 

Ethoxylated sorbitol hexaester of tall oil acids 

Ethoxylated sorbitol hexaoleate 

Ethoxylated sorbitol lanolin ester 

Ethoxylated sorbitol mono-oleate 

Ethoxylated sorbitol monostearate 

Ethoxylated sorbitol oleate, acetylated 

Ethoxylated sorbitol pentaester of tall oil acids 

Ethoxylated sorbitol pentalaurate 

Ethoxylated sorbitol tetraester of lauric and oleic 
acids. 

Ethoxylated sorbitol tetraester of tall oil acids 

Methoxy polyethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Methyl glucoside laurate 

Methyl glucoside oleate 

Pentaerythritol distearate 

Polyalkylene glycol diglycolate 

Sucrose esters of fatty acids 

All other 

*Ethers : 

*Benzenoid ethers: 

Alkylphenol - formaldehyde condensates, alkoxylated: 

p-t>:rt-Butylphenol - formaldehyde, alkoxylated 

(Mixed alkyl)phenol - formaldehyde, alkoxylated 

Nonylphenol - formaldehyde, alkoxylated 

tert-Octylphenol - formaldehyde, ethoxylated 

p-tert-Butylphenol, ethoxylated 

Diisobutylphenol, ethoxylated 

Dinonyl-and nonylphenol, ethoxylated 

*Dinonylphenol, ethoxylated 

*Dodecylphenol, ethoxylated 

Iso-octylphenol, ethoxylated 

(Mixed alkyl)phenol, ethoxylated 

(Mixed alkyl)phenoxypoly (ethyleneoxy)ethyl chloride--- 
•Nonylphenol, ethoxylated 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and propoxylated 

Nonylphenoxypoly(e thy leneoxy) ethyl iodide 

Phenol , ethoxylated 

Tetradecylphenol , ethoxylated 

Tridecylphenol, ethoxylated 

Xylenol, ethoxylated 

All other 

•Nonbenzenoid ethers: 

•Linear alcohols, alkoxylated: 

Coconut oil alcohol, ethoxylated 

Decyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Decyl and octyl alcohols, ethoxylated 

Decyl and octyl alcohols, ethoxylated and propox\'- 
lated. 

Decyloxypoly (ethyleneoxy)ethyl chloride 

•Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

•Hexadecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

•Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and propoxylated- 
*9-0ctadecenyl alcohol, ethoxylated 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2} 



ARC, IIAL, SBC, IVM. 

EFll, HAL. 

ARC. 

APD, ARC, CCW, EKT, GLY, IIAL, PCS, 



APD. 






APD. 






JOR. 






APD. 






APD. 






APD. 






APD, 


TCH. 




APD. 






APD. 






APD. 






MCP, 


SNW. 




APD. 






APD, 


RTF. 




APD. 






APD. 






APD. 






NLC. 






HDG. 






HDG. 






GLY. 
NLC, 


PCS, 
RTF. 


VAL. 


SUG. 






CCW, 


GLY, 


STC, TCC, WM. 



RTF. 

NLC, RTF. 

NLC, RTF. 

SDIV. 

RTF. 

GAF, Rll. 

GAF. 

GAF, HDG, PCS, STP, TMH. 

APX, GAF, MON, PCS, TMH, UCC. 

DA, QMS. 

GAF, PCS. 

GAF. 

APD, CIB, CLY, DA, DOW, GAF, HDG, JCC, MON, NLC, OMC, 

PCS, RH, RTF, STP, TCH, TMH, UCC. 
RTF. 
GAF. 

APD, DA, GAF, JCC, TCH, UCC. 
ORO. 
PCS. 
NLC. 
GAF, RH, VPC. 



PCS. 

GAF, ICI. 
GAF. 
GAF. 

GAF. 

AAC, APD, DRW, GAF, HDG, OMC, UCC. 

ACS, APD, ASH, CIB, GLY, ICI. 

AAC, CO, GAF, HDG, JCC, MON, NLC, RH, RTF, SHC, STP, 

TCH, UCC. 
GAF, JCC, STP, WYN. 
AAC, APD, ASH, CIB, DA, DUP, GAF, GLY, ICI, TCH, VAC, 

VPC. 



196 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. — Surface-active agents: Manufacturers' identification codes, byproducts, 1968 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
Csee Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



Nonionic Surfaae-Aative Agents — Continued 

*Ethers- -Continued 

*Nonbenzenoid ethers--Continued 

*Linear alcohols, alkoxy lated--Continued 

*Octadecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Sperm oil alcohol, ethoxylated 

Tallow alcohol, ethoxylated 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

All other 

*Other ethers and thioethers: 

tert-Dodecyl mercaptan, ethoxylated 

Glucose, ethoxylated 

Glycerol , alkoxylated 

Mixed alcohols, ethoxylated 

Poly(mixed ethylene, propylene)glycol 

Polypropylene glycol, ethoxylated 

Propoxylated thiourea 

Rosin alcohol, ethoxylated 

2,4,7,9-Tetrainethyl-5-decyne-4,7-diol , ethoxylated-- 
*Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Tridecyl alcohol, propoxylated and ethoxylated 

Trimethylheptanol, ethoxylated 

Trimethylnonyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Trimethylolpropane, alkoxylated 

All other 

*Other nonionic surface- active agents: 

3,5-Dimethyl-l-hexyn-3-ol 

3,6-Dimethyl-4-octyne-3,6-diol 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid - diethanol amine condensate 

fatty acid monoester. 
Glycerol sesquiester of hydrogenated castor oil acids, 
borated and ethoxylated. 

Octyl phosphate, ethoxylated 

Polyethylene - vinyl alcohol condensate, potassium salt- 

2,4,7,9-Tetramethyl-5-decyne-4,7-diol 

Tri (castor oil alkyl) phosphate 

Tris (nonylphenyl)phosphite 

All other 



APD, CIB, DUP, HDG, VAC. 

CRD, DUP. 

AAC, ASH. 

DUP. 

RH. 

AAC, UCC. 

RH. 

NLC. 

DRW, TCH. 

NLC, UCC. 

NLC, RTF, WYN. 

VAC. 

CIB. 

cue. 

AAC, APD, DRW, GAP, GLY, ICI, JCC, MON, NLC, OMC, PCS, 

RTF, TCH, UCC. 
JCC. 
PCS. 
UCC. 

JCC, RTF, WYN. 
SNW. 



cue. 
cue. 

ACT. 



DUP. 

NLC. 

cue. 

GLY. 
GAF. 
CMC. 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS 197 



Pesticides and related products include fungicides, herbicides, 
insecticides, rodenticides, plant hormones, seed disinfectants, soil 
conditioners, soil fumigants and synergists. The data are given in 
terms of 100-percent active material; they thus exclude such materials 
as diluents, emulsifiers, and wetting agents. Statistics on production 
and sales of pesticides and related products in 1968 are given in 
table 1; table 2 lists these products and identifies the manufacturers. 

Production of pesticides and related products in 1968 amounted to 
1,192 million pounds--about 13.6 percent more than the 1,050 million 
pounds reported for 1967. Sales in 1968 were 960 million pounds, 
valued at $849 million, compared with 897 million pounds, valued at 
$787 million, in 1967. 

The output of pesticides and related products included in the 
cyclic group amounted to 930 million pounds in 1968--about 13 percent 
more than the 823 million pounds produced in 1967. Sales in 1968 
were 723 million pounds, valued at $697 million, compared with 682 
million pounds, valued at $628 million, in 1967. The output of DDT 
amounted to 139 million pounds in 1968--about 35 percent more than in 
1967. 

Production of acyclic pesticides and related products increased 
in 1968, amounting to 263 million pounds, compared with the 227 million 
pounds reported for 1967. Sales in 1968 were 237 million pounds, an 
increase of about 10 percent as compared with 216 million pounds, in 
1967; however, the value of sales decreased to $152 million in 1968, 
compared with $159 million in 1967--a decline of more than 4 percent. 



198 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 
TABLE I .--Pesticides and related products: U.S. production and sates, 1968 



[Listed below are all pesticides and related products for which any reported data on production or sales may be 
published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or 
where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists all pesticides and related products for which data on production 
or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Grand total- 



Benzenoid 

Nonbenzenoid- 



PbSTIClDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, CYCLIC 



Total- 



Fungicides, total 

3,E-Dimethyl-l,3,5-2H-tetrahydrothiadiazine-2-thione (DMTT)- 

Mercury fungicides, total 

Phenylmercuric acetate (PMA) 

Phenylmercuric oleate — ' 

Other mercury fungicides 

Naphthenic acid, copper salt 

Pentachlorophenol (PCP) 

8-Quinolinol (8-Hydroxyquinoline) , copper salt 

2,4 ,5-Trichlorophenol and salts 

All other cyclic fungicides 



Herbicides and plant hormones, total 

Phenoxyacetic acid derivatives: 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid esters and salts, total-- 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, n-butyl ester 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, dimethylamine,salt 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, iso-octyl ester 

All other (2,4-D) esters and salts 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T) 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid esters and salts, total- 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, n-butyl ester 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, iso-octyl ester 

All other (2,4,S-T) esters and salts 

All other cyclic herbicides and plant hormones' 



Insecticides and rodenticides, total 

3- (a-Acetonylbenzyl)-4-hydroxycouniarin (Warfarin) 

Aldrin-toxaphene group"* 

a-Bis(p-chlorophenyl)-B,6,6-trichloroethane (DDT) 

Organophosphorus insecticides, total 

0,0-Diethyl 3-p-nitrophenyl phosphorothioate (Parathion)- 
0,0-Dimethyl 0-p-nitrophenyl phosphorothioate (Methyl 

parathion) 

All other organophosphorus insecticides^ 

All other insecticides and rodenticides' 



1,000 
pounds 



792,916 
399,444 



113,178 



993 

2,030 

582 

373 

1,075 

1,718 

48,575 

135 

28,066 

31,661 

408,959 



79,263 

94,116 

30,204 

14,445 

11,164 

38,303 

17,530 

42,542 

29,941 

6,182 

6,419 

175,508 

407,411 



115,974 

139,401 

75,868 



38,163 
37,705 
76,157 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



601,612 
358,019 



722,661 



516,977 
332,263 



89,209 



32,870 



993 

1,333 

374 

354 

605 

1,782 

46,460 

279 

38,362 

271,889 



474 
7,471 
2,883 
1,095 
3,493 

464 
7,243 

374 

16,844 
443,274 



22,822 
66,501 
26,398 
14,087 

8,751 
17,265 

2,930 
33,115 
25,528 

5,610 

1,977 
146,521 

361,563 



122,015 
85,377 
83,026 
19,510 

45,178 
18,338 
71,145 



7,373 

31,875 

16,418 

5,919 

3,277 

6,261 

3,242 

26,226 

17,763 

6,319 

2,144 

374,558 

221,151 



63,109 
12,521 
83.164 
9,875 

25,129 
48,160 
62,357 



See footnotes at end of table 



PESTICIDES AMD RELATED PRODUCTS 
TABLE 1 .--Pesticides and related products: U.S. production and sales, J968--Continued 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, ACYCLIC 
Total 

Fungicides, total 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, ferric salt (Ferbam) 

Ethylene bis (dithiocarbamic acid), disodium salt (Nabam) 

Ethylene bis (dithiocarbamic acid), zinc salt (Zineb) 

All other acyclic fungicides' 

Herbicides and plant hormones', total 

Methanearsonic acid, monosodium salt 

All other acyclic herbicides 

Insecticides, rodenticides, and soil conditioners and fumigants, 
total 

1,2- Dib rorao- 3- ch loropropane (DBCP) 

Methyl bromide (Bromome thane) 

All other acyclic insecticides (including acyclic organo- 

phosphorus insecticides), rodenticides, and soil conditioners 
and fumigants' '° 



1, 000 
pounds 



3,081 
36,004 



15,805 
44,228 



161,794 



7,887 
20,454 



133,453 



Sales 



Quantity 



1,000 
pounds 



236,970 



40,752 



1,906 

1,996 

3,442 

33,408 

46,665 



14,520 
32,145 



149,553 



19,967 
129,586 



1,000 
do I lars 



151,945 



1,419 
26,178 



40,056 



4,347 
35,709 



82,698 



7,832 



74 , 866 



Unit 
value' 



Per 
pound 



' Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Includes captan, dinocap, folpet, glyodin, pentachloronitrobenzene, sodium pentachlorophenate, tri- and 
tetrachlorophenols, and others. 

' Includes barban, 2-chloro-N-isopropyl acetanilide, dicamba, dimethylurea compounds, dinitrophenol compounds, 
endothal, isopropyl phenylcarbamates (IPC and CIPC), maleic hydrazide, picloram, propanil, triazines, trifluralin, 
uracils, and others. 

" Includes aldrin, chlordan, dieldrin, endrin, heptachlor, terpene polychlorinates, and toxaphene. 

^ Includes carbophenothion, coumaphos, diazinon, dioxathion, parathion (production only), ronnel, and other 
phosphorothioates and phosphorodithioates, and others. 

^ Includes chlorobenzilate, DDD, dicofol, endosulfan, liexachlorocyclohexane, lindane, methoxychlor, and other 
chlorinated insecticides, carbaryl, insect attractants, DEET and other insect repellents, small amounts of 
nematocides, rodenticides, including Warfarin (sales only), synergists, and others. 

' Includes dithiocarbamates, including dodine, maneb, mercury compounds, Nabam (production only), PETD, and 
others. 

Includes CDAA, dalapon, methanearsonic acid's disodium salt and dodecyl- and octyl-ammonium salts, 
thiocarbamate, thiolcarbamate, and organophosphorus herbicides, sodium TCA, and others. 

' Includes DBCP (sales only), DDVP, disulfoton, ethion, malathion, naled, phorate, TEPP, and other 
organophosphorus insecticides, soil conditioners and fumigants, metaldehyde (which is a mollusicide) , small 
quantities of rodenticides, and others. 

'° Acyclic organophosphorus insecticides are included with "All other acyclic insecticides" in order to 
establish an all other acyclic insecticide total without disclosing the operations of individual companies. 



200 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. --Pesticides and related products . Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, li 



[Pesticides and related products for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below 
with an asterisk (*); chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data 
are accepted in confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown be- 
low are taken from the Appendix, tables 1 and 2. An x signifies tnat tne manufacturer did not con- 
sent to his identification with the designated product .J 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 

(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, CYCLIC 

^Fungicides: 

2,5-Bis (dimethylaminomethyl) cyclohexanone 

5-Chloro-2-Benzothiazolethiol , laurylpyridinium 
salt. 

2,4-Dichloro-6-(o-chloroaTiilino)-s-triazine 

l,4-Dichloro-2,5-dimethoxybenzene 

2,6-Dichloro-4-nitroaniline (DCNA) 

*3,5-Diniethyl-l,3,5,2H-tetrahydrothiadiazine-2- 
thione (DMTT) . 

Diphenylammonium propionate 

3,3'-Ethylenebis (tetrahydro-4,6-dimethyl-2H- 
l,3,5-thiadiazine-2-thione) . 

2-Heptadecyl-2-imidazoline (Glyodin) 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, monoethanolamine salt 

*Mercury fungicides: 

N- (E thy Imer cur i)-p- toluene sulfonanilide 

Hydroxymercurichlorophenol 

Mercurial turf fungicides 

Methylmercury quinolinolate 

2- (Phenylmercuriamino^ ethyl acetate 

*Phenylmercuric acetate (PMA) 

Pheny Imer curie ammonium acetate 

Pheny Imer curie borate 

Pheny Imer curie dime thy Idithiocarbamate 

Pheny Imer curie hydroxide 

Pheny Imer curie lactate 

Pheny Imer curie naphthonate 

*Pheny Imer curie oleate 

Pheny Imer curie propionate 

N- Pheny Imercuri form amide 

Tris (2-hydroxyethy 1) (pheny Imercuri) ammonium 
lactate. 
2-(l-Methyl-n-heptyl)-4,6-dinitrophenyl crotonate 

(Dinocap) , 
3-(2-Methylpiperidino)propyl-3,4-dichlorobenzoate 
(Piperalin) . 

*Naphthenic acid, copper salt 

Pentachloronitrobenzene (PCNB) 

*Pentachlorophenol (PGP) 

Pentachlorophenol, sodium salt 

*8-Quinolinol (8-Hydroxyquinoline) , copper salt 

Tetrachloro-p-benzoquinone (Chloranil) 

2,3,4,6-Tetrachlorophenol 

N-Trichloromethylthio-4-cyclohexene-l,2-dicarbox- 
imide (Captan) . 

N-Trichloromethylthiophthalimide (Folpet) 

*2,4,5-Trichlorophenol acid and salts: 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenol 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenol, ethanolamine salt 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenol, sodium salt 

2,4,6-Trichlorophenol 

Other cyclic fungicides 

'Herbicides and plant hormones: 

3-Amino-2,5-dichlorobenzoic acid, methyl ester 

4-Amino-3,5,6-trichloropicolinic acid (Picloram)-- 

5- Bromo- 3- sec-butyl -6- methyl uracil (Bromacil) 

3-tert-Butyl-5-chloro-6-methyluracil 



MRK. 
VNC. 

CHG. 
DUP. 
UPJ. 
MRK, OTC, SF, WRC. 

MRK. 
DUP. 

UCG. 
VNC. 



DUP. 
DUP. 
MAL. 
MRK. 
CLY. 
BKM, 
MAL, 
WRG. 
WRG. 
MON, 
WRC. 
MRK. 
CLY, 
MRK. 
VIN. 
CLY. 



CLY, MRK, TRO, WRC. 
TRO. 



HNX, MRK, TRO, WRG. 



FER, HNX, MCI, SHP, TRO, WTC. 

OTC. 

DOW, FRO, MON, RCI, SFD . 

MON, RCI. 

HNX, MON, MRK. 



RH. 

LIL. 

CCA, 
OMC, 
BXT, 
DOW, 
FIS, 
USR. 
DOW. 
CHO. 

i CHO. 



DA, DOW, HK, HPG. 

GAF. 

DOW. 

DOW, RBG. 

BKM, ORO, VNC. 

GAF. 
DOW. 
DUP. 
DUP. 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS 

TABLE 2. --Pesticides and related products: Manufacturers' identification codes, by 
products, 1968 — Continued 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, CYCLIC--Continued 

'Herbicides and plant hormones — Continued 

N-Butyl-N-ethyl-a,a,a-trifluoro-2,6-dinitro-p- 

toluidine (Benefin) . 

2- Butyny 1 -4-ch loro-m- ch lorocarbani late (Barban) 

2-ChIoro-4,6-bis (ethylainino)-s-triazine (Siraazine)- 
2-Chloro-4,6-bis (i sopropyl amino) -s-triazine 

(Propazine) . 
2- Ch lore- 4- ethylami no- 6- i sopropyl amino- s-triazine 

(Atrazine) . 

2-Chloro-N-i sopropyl acetanilide 

N'- (4-ChIorophenoxy)phenyl N,N-dimethy lurea 

(Chloroxuron) . 

3- (p-Chlorophenyl) - 1 , 1-dime thy lurea (Monuron) 

3-(p-Chlorophenyl)-l,I-dimethylurea trichloro- 

acetate. 

3-Cyclohexyl-5,6-trimethyleneuracil 

2, 6- Di -tert-butyl-p-tolylme thy 1 carbamate 

2,S-Dichloro-3-aminobenzoic acid, ammonium salt 

3,6-DichIoro-o-anisic acid (Dicamba) 

2,4-Dichlorobenzyltributylphosphonium chloride 

2,5-Dichloro-3-nitrobenzoic acid 

3-(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)-l, 1-dime thy lurea (Diuron) — 
3- (3,4-Dichlorophenyl)-l-methoxy-l-methylurea 

(Linuron) . 

2,4-Dichlorophenyl-4-nitrophenyl ether 

3' ,4'-Dichloropropionanilide (Propanil) 

1 , 2-Dihydropyridazine-3,6-dione (Maleic hydrazide) 

(MH). 
N- (beta-0,0-Diisopropyl-dithiophosphorylethyl)- 

benzene sulfonamide (Bensulide) . 

N,N-Dimethyl-2,2-diphenylacetamide (Diphenamid) 

1, l-DimethyI-3-phenylurea (Fenuron) 

1,1- Dime thy I- 3-pheny lurea trichloroacetate 

Dimethyl-tetrachloroterephthalate 

Dinitrobutylphenol (DNBP) 

Dinitrobutylphenol , ammonium salt 

Dinitrobutyl phenol, triethanolamine salt 

Dinitrocresol (DNOC) 

Dinitrocresol , sodium salt 

Diphenylacetonitrile (Diphenatrile) 

2- Ethyl ami no- 4- i sopropyl ami no-6-me thy Imercap to- s- 

triazine (Ametryne) . 

S- Ethyl cyclohexylethylthiocarbamate 

S- Ethyl hexahydro-lH-azepine-1-carbothioate 

(Molinate) . 
Gibberellic acid 

3- (Hexahydro- 4, 7-methanoindan-5-yl) -1,1- dimethyl- 
urea (Norea) . 

3-Indolebutyric acid 

Isopropyl N- (3-chlorophenyl)carbamate CCIPC) 

Isopropyl N-phenylcarbamate (IPC) 

Methyl 2-chloro-9-hydroxyf luorene-9-carboxylate 

1- (2-Methylcyclohexyl) -3-pheny lurea (Siduron) 

2-Methylmercapto-4,6-bis (isopropy 1 amino) -s- 
triazine (Proraetryne) . 

4- (Methy Isulfonyl)- 2,6-dinitro-N,N-dipropylani line- 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 

(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



GOC. 
GGY. 
GGY. 



MON. 
CBA. 

DUP. 
ACN. 

DUP. 

HPC. 

AMC, GAP. 

VEL. 

SM. 

GAP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

RH. 

CIS, MON, RH. 

ACY, ASL, USR. 

SF. 



ARA, 


CWN, LIL, UPJ 


DUP. 




ACN. 




DA. 




CIS, 


DOW. 


CIS, 


DOW. 


CIS, 


DOW. 


CIS. 




CIS. 




LIL. 




GGY. 




SF. 




SF. 




ABB, 


MRK. 


HPC. 




ARA. 




PPG. 




PPG. 




USB. 




DUP. 




GGY. 





SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2.--Pestiaides and related products: Manufacturers' identification codes, by 
products, Idoo — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 

(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, CYCLIC--Continued 

'Herbicides and plant homiones--Continued 
1-Naphthaleneacetic acid and derivatives: 

1-Naphthaleneacet amide 

1-Naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) 

1-Naphthaleneacetic acid, methyl ester 

1-Naphthaleneacetic acid, sodium salt 

N-1-Naphthylphthalamic acid (NPA) 

7-Oxabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane-2,3-dicarboxylic acid, 

disodium salt (Endothall). 
Phenoxyacetic acid derivatives: 

4-Chloro-2-raethylphenoxyacetic acid (MCPA) 

4-Ch loro- 2-me thy Iphenoxyaceti c acid , 
potassium salt. 

*2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) 

*2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid esters and salts: 
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 2-butoxy- 

ethyl ester. 
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, butoxypoly- 
propyleneglycol ester. 
*2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, n-butyl 
ester. 
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, sec-butyl 
ester. 
*2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, dimethyl- 
amine salt. 
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, ethanolamine 
and isopropanolamine salt. 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, ethyl ester 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 2-ethyl- 
hexyl ester. 
♦2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, iso-octyl 
ester. 
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, isopropyl 

ester. 
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, lithium salt-- 

*2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T) 

*2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid esters and 
salts : 
2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, amyl esters 
2,4,S-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 2-butoxy- 

ethyl ester. 
2,4,S-Trichlorophenoxyyacetic acid, butoxy- 
polypropyleneglycol ester. 
*2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, n-butyl 
ester. 
2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 2-ethyl- 
hexyl ester. 
*2,4,S-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, iso-octyl 
ester. 
2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, triethyl- 
amine salt. 
Polychloro-tetrahydro-methanoindene (Polychlorodi- 
cyclopentadiene) isomers. 



AMC. 










AMC, 


THM. 








AMC. 










AMC. 


BKL. 








USR. 










PAS. 










CLY, 


RDA, 


RIV 






GTH. 










DA, 


DOW, 


HPC, 


MON, 


RDA. 


AMC. 










DOW. 










AMC, 


DA, 


DOW, 


HPC, 


MON, PBI 


DOW, 


MON, 


RDA. 






ALC 


AMC 


DA, 


DOW, 


HPC, PBI 


DOW 










AMC 


DOW 








DA, 


HPC. 








DOW 


MON 


PBI 


, RDA 


, RIV. 


AMC 


DOW 


HPC 


, MON 




GTH 


RIV 








DA, 


DOW, 


HFT, 


HPC, 


MON, THM 


HPC 










AMC 











DOW. 

DA, DOW, HPC, MON, PBI, RIV. 

DA, HPC. 

DA, DOW, MON, PBI, RIV, TMH . 

DOW, HPC, RIV. 

VEL. 



PESTICIDES AMD RELATED PRODUCTS 

TABLE 2. --Pesticides and related pvoduats: Manufacturers' identification codes, by 
products, 1968 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 

(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, CYCLIC--Continued 

'Herbicides and plant hor7nones--Continued 
2- ( 2 , 4 , 5-Tri ch lorophenoxy) propi oni c acid 

(Silvex) 
2- (2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy}propionic acid esters 

and salts: 
2- (2, 4, 5-Tri ch lorophenoxy) propionic acid, 2- 

ethyl-hexyl ester. 
2-(2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy)propionic acid, iso- 

octyl ester. 
2-(2,4,S-Trichlorophenoxy)propionic acid, 
sodium salt. 
a,a,a-Trifluoro-2,6-dinitro-N,N-dipropyl-p- 

toluidine (Trif luralin) . 
3- (iii-Trif luoromethylphenyl]-! , 1 -dime thy lurea 

(Flumeturon) . 
Tris- (2,4-dichlorophenoxyethyl)phosphite (2,4- 
DEP). 
Insect attractants and repellants: 

tert-Butyl 4(or 5)-chloro-2-methylcyclohexane- 
carboxylate (Trimedlure) . 

N,N-Diethyltoluamide (DEET) 

Di-n-propyl isocinchomeronate 

'Insecticides : 

3-sec- Amy Iphenyl-N-me thy 1 carbamate 

Benzyl thiocyanate 

2-sec-Buty 1-4, 6-dinitropheny 1-3, 3-dimethylacry late 

(Binapacryl) . 
2- (p-tert-Butylphenoxy)-cyclohexyl-2-propynyl 
sulfite. 

o-sec-Butylphenyl N-methy I carbamate 

Chlorinated insecticides: 
*Aldrin-toxaphene group: 

Heptachloro-tetrahydro-endo-methanoindene 

(Heptachlor) . 
Hexachloro-epoxy-octahydro-endo-endo-di- 

methanonaphthaleiie (.Endrin) . 
Hexachloro-epoxy-octahydro-endo-exo-di- 

methanonaphthalene (Dieldrin) . 
Hexachloro-hexahydro-endo-exo-dimethano- 

naphthalene (Aldrin) . 
Octachloro-hexahydro-methanoindene (Chlordan)- 

Terpene poly chlorinates 

Toxaphene (Chlorinated camphene) 

2,2-Bis(p-chlorophenyl}-l,l-dichloroethane (ODD) 
(TDE) . 

1,1- Bis (p-chlorophenyl)-2-nitrobutane 

1 , 1-Bis (p-chloropheny 1) -2-nitropropane 

*a-Bis(p-chlorophenyl)6,6,6-trichloroethane (DDT) 
2- (p-tert-Butylphenoxy)isopropyl-2'-chloroethyl 
sulfite. 

Chlorobenzilate 

p-Chlorophenyl p-chlorobenzenesulfonate (Ovex)- 

o- Chlorophenyl-N-me thy 1 carbamate 

p-Chlorophenyl 2,4,5-trichlorophenyl sulfone 
(Tetradifon) . 

6-Ch loro- 3, 4- xylylme thy 1 carbamate 

Decachlorooctahydro-l,3,4-metheno-2H-cyclobuta 
[cd] pentalen-2-one. 



HPC. 
RIV. 
RIV. 
LIL. 
CBA. 
USR. 

UOP. 

CHF, HPC, PFZ. 
MGK. 



HK. 

FMN. 



USR. 
OTC. 



SHC, 

SHC. 

SHC. 

VEL. 
HN. 
HPC. 
ACN, 

COM. 
COM. 
ACN, 
USR. 

GGY. 
DOW. 
OTC. 
FMN, 

UPJ. 
ACN. 



DA, LEB, MTO, OMC . 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2 .- -Pesticides and related products: Manufacturers' identification codes, by 
products, 1968 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 

(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, CYCLIC--Continued 

♦Insecticides — Continued 

Chlorinated insecticides — Continued 

1,1-Dich lore- 2, 2-bisCp-ethylphenyl) ethane 

4,4'-Dichloro-a-trichIoromethyIbenzhydrol 
(Dicofol). 

2,6-Dimethyl-3,5-dichloro-4-pyridinol 

Dode each lor ooctahydro- 1,3, 4-metheno-2H- eye lobuta- 

[ed]pentalene (Mirex) . 
Hexaehlorocyclohexane (Benzene hexachloride) 

(BHC) . 
Hexaehlorocyclohexane, 100% y-isoraer (Lindane) — 
Hexachloro-hexahydro-methano-benzodioxathiepin- 

3-oxide (Endosulfan) . 
1,1, 1-Trieh loro- 2 , 2-bis (p-methoxyphenyl) ethane 
(Methoxychlor) . 

Isobomyl thioeyanoacetate 

0-Isopropylphenyl N- methyl carbamate 

1-Naphthyl N-methylcarbamate (Carbaryl) 

*Organophosphorus insecticides: 

4-tert-Butyl-2-chlorophenylmethyI methylphos- 

phoramidite. 
S-[[(p-Chlorophenyl)thio]methyl] 0,0-diethyl 

phosphorodithioate (Carbophenothion) . 
2-Chloro-l-(2,4,S-trichlorophenyl)vinyl 

dimethyl phosphate. 
0,0-Diethyl 0-3-chloro-4-methyI-l-oxo-2H-l- 

benzopyran-7-yI-phosphorothioate (Coumaphos) . 
Diethyl- 1- (2,4-diehlorophenyl)-2-ehlorovinyl 

phosphate. 
0,0-Diethyl-l-(2,5-diehlorophenyI)-0-2-chloro- 

vinyl phosphate. 
0,0-Diethyl 0- (2-isopropyl-4-methyl-6-pyrimi- 

dinylj phosphorothioate (Diazinon) . 
0,0-Diethyl 0-p- (methylsulfinyl)phenyl phos- 
phorothioate. 
*0,0-Diethyl 0-p-nitrophenyl phosphorothioate 
(Parathion) . 
0,0-Diethyl 0-3,5,6-triehloro-2 pyridyl 

phosphorothiate. 
0,0-Dimethyl 0- [4- (methylthio)-m-tolyl] phos- 
phorothioate (Fenthion) . 
*0,0-Dimethyl 0-p-nitrophenyl phosphorothioate 
(Methyl parathion) . 
0,0-Dimethyl S- [4-oxo-l,2,3-benzotriazin-3(4H)- 

ylmethyl] phosphorodithioate. 
0,0-Diraethyl S-phthalimidomethyl phosphorodi- 
thioate. 
Dimethyl 2,4,5-trichlorophenyl phosphorothionate 

(Ronnel) . 
2,3-p-Dioxane S,S-bis(0,0-diethylphosphorodi- 

thioate) (Dioxathion) . 
a-Methylbenzyl 3- (dimethoxyphosphinyloxy)-cis- 

crotonate. 
0,0,0' ,0'-Tetramethyl 0,0 '-thiodi-p-phenylene 
phosphorodithioate . 



RH. 

RH. 



DOW. 
ACN. 



DA, HK. 



CHF, DUP, HFT. 

CIS, HPC. 

OTC. 

UCC. 



AMP, MON, SF, SHC. 



AMP, MON, SF, SHC, VEL. 



CHG. 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS 

TABLE 2. --Pesticides and related products: Manufacturers' identification codes, by 
products, 1968 — Continued 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, CYCLIC--Continued 



insecticides --Continued 

N- (Phenyl- 2- nitropropyl)piperidine 

M-Tolyl methyl carbamate 

Other cyclic insecticides 

Lampricide: 3-Trif luoroniethyI-4-nitrophenol 

Nematocides: 

0,0-Diethyl 0- (2,4-dichlorophenyl)phosphorothio- 

ate. 
0,0-Diethyl 0-2-pyrazinyl phosphorothioate (Thio- 
nazin) . 
*Rodenticides : 

*3- (a-Acetonylbenzyl)-4-hydroxycoumarin (Warfarin) 

2-Diphenylacetyl-l,3-indandione (Diphacinone) 

2-Diphenylacetyl-l,3-indandione, sodium salt 

3-(l-Furyl-3-acetylethyl)-4-hydroxycoumarin 
(Coumafuryl) . 

2-Pivaloyl-l,3-indandione (Pindone) 

Synergists and adjuvants: 

C(-[2-(2-n-Butoxyethoxy)-ethoxy]-4,S-inethylene- 

dioxy-2-propyltoluene (Piperonyl butoxide) . 
N-(2-Ethylhexyl)bicyclo(2.2.1)-5-heptene-2,3- 

dicarboximide . 
Piperonal bis [2- (2-butoxyethoxy)ethyl] acetal 



Manufacturers' identification codes 

Csee Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



MRK. 
OTC. 
OKO. 
MEE. 



ABB, 


CIS, 


MOT, 


PEN 


NES. 








NES. 








AMC. 








MOT, 


PIC. 






FMN, 


FMP. 






MGK. 








MGK. 









PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, ACYCLIC 

'Fungicides : 

Bis-1 ,4-bromoacetoxy-2-butene 

Cadmium succinate 

l-Chloro-2-nitropropane (Korax) -' 

Dimethyl thiocarbonyl disulfide 

Di sodium cyanodithioimidocarbonate 

Dithiocarbamic acid fungicides: 
*Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, ferric salt 
(Ferbam) . 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, manganese salt 

Ethylene bis (dithiocarbamic acid), diammonium 
salt. 
♦Ethylene bis (dithiocarbamic acid), disodium salt 
(Nabam) . 
Ethylene bis (dithiocarbamic acid), manganese 
salt (Maneb). 
♦Ethylene bis (dithiocarbamic acid), zinc salt 
(Zineb) . 

Polyethylenethiuram disulfide (PETD) 

n-Dodecylguanidine acetate (Dodine) 

Mercury fungicides: 

Chloromethoxypropylmercuric acetate 

Ethy Imercury phosphate 

3-Methyl(mercurithio)-l,2-propanediol 



VIN. 
MAL. 
FMN. 
CLY. 
BKM. 

DUP, FMN, VNC, WRC. 



FMN. 








CIS, 


RBC. 






CHF, 


CIS, 


DUP, FMN, 


RH 


DUP, 


RH. 






DUP, 


FMN, 


RH, WOD. 




FMN. 








ACY. 








TRO. 








CHF. 








DUP. 









SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2 .- -Pesticides and related products: Manufacturers' identification codes, by 
products, 1968 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 

(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

*Fungicides-- Continued 

Mercury fungicides — Continued 

Methylmer curie hydroxide 

Methylraercury nitrile 

2-Propene-l ,1-diol di acetate 

All other acyclic fungicides 

♦Herbicides and plant hormones: 

Cacodylic acid 

2-Chloroallyl diethyldithiocarbamate (CDEC) 

2-Chloro-N,N-diallylacetamide (CDAA) 

2,3-DichloroaIlyl diisopropylthiolcarbamate (Di- 

allate) . 
2,2-Dichloropropionic acid, sodium salt (Dalapon)- 

N-Dimethylaminosuccinamic acid 

S-Ethyl-N,N-diisobutylthiocarbaraate 

S-Ethyl di-N.N-propylthiocarbamate (EPTC) 

Ethyl xanthogen disulfide 

Methanearsonic acid, disodium salt CDSMA) 

Methanearsonic acid, dodecyl- and octylammonium 
salts . 

♦Methanearsonic acid, monosodium salt (MSMA) 

S-Propyl butylethylthiocarbamate CPebulate) 

S-Propyl dipropylthiocarbamate (Vernolate) 

S,S,S-Tributyl phosphorotrithioate 

Tributyl phosphorotrithioate 

Trichloroacetic acid, sodium salt (TCA) 

S-2,3,3-Trichloroallyl N,N- diisopropylthiol- 
carbamate (Tri-allate) . 
♦Insecticides : 

Butoxy polypropylene glycol (fly repellent) 

Met aldehyde 

Organophosphorus insecticides: 

S- [l,2-Bis(ethoxycarbonyl) ethyl] 0,0-dimethyl 

phosphorodithioate (Malathion) . 
2-Carbomethoxy-l-propen-2yl dimethyl phosphate — 
l,2-Dibromo-2,2-dichloroethyl dimethyl phosphate 

(Naled) . 
0,0-Diethyl S-2- (ethylthio) ethyl phosphorodi- 
thioate (Disulfoton) . 
0,0-Diethyl 0-2- (ethylthio)ethyl phosphorothio- 

ate (Demeton 0) . 
0,0-Diethyl S-2-(ethylthio) ethyl phosphorothio- 

ate (Demeton S) . 
0,0-Diethyl S- (ethylthio^methyl phosphorodithio- 
ate (Phorate) . 
3- (Dime thoxyphosphinyl oxy)-N,N-dime thy 1-cis- 

crotonamide. 
0,0-Dimethyl-0-2,2-dichlorovinyl phosphate 

(DDVP) . 
0,0-Dimethyl S- (N-methylcarbamoylmethyl) phos- 
phorodithioate (Dimethoate) . 



MRT. 
WRC. 

SHC. 
BKM. 

ASL, VIN. 
MON. 
MON. 
MON. 

DOW. 

USR. 

SF. 

SF. 

RBC. 

ASL, CLY, DA. 

CLY, VIN. 

ASL, DA, VIN. 

SF. 

SF. 

CHG. 

SM. 

DOW. 

MON. 



UCC. 
COM. 

ACY, CIS. 

SHC. 
SHC. 

CHG. 

CHG. 

CHG. 

ACY, MON. 

SHC. 

SHC. 

ACY. 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS 

TABLE 2. --Pesticides and related products: Manufacturers' identification codes, by 
products, 1968 — Continued 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

'Insecticides- -Continued 
*Organophosphorus insecticides- -Continued 

Dimethyl phosphate of 3-hydroxy-N-methyl-cis- 

crotonamide. 
S-[2-(Ethylsulfinyl)ethyl] ,0-dimethyl phos- 

phorodithioate (Oxydemetonmethyl) . 
0,0,0' ,0 '-Tetraethyl S,S' -methylene bisphos- 
phorodithioate (Ethion) . 

Tetraethyl pyrophosphate (TEPP) 

Tetra-n-propyl dithiopyrophosphate 

Polyethylene polysulfide 

2-Thiocyanoethyl dodecanoate 

Nematocides : 

0-Ethyl S, S-dipropyl phosphorodithioate 

2-Methyl-2- (methylthio)propionaldehyde 0- (methyl- 
carbamoyl)oxime . 

*Rodenticides : Sodium fluoracetate 

*Soil conditioners: Polyacrylonitrile, hydrolyzed, 

sodium salt. 
*Soil fumigants : 

2- Aminobut ane carb onate 

*l,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 

1,3-Dichloropropene 

1,3-Dichloropropene, 1,2-dichloropropane 

*Methyl bromide (Bromomethane) 

N-Methyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt (Methajn)- 
Trichloronitrome thane (Chloropicrin) 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 

(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



FMN, FMP. 

ALC. 
SF. 
BFG. 
RH. 

SM. 



RBC. 








ACY. 








LIL. 








AMP, 


BST, 


DOW, 


SHC 


DOW. 








DOW, 


SHC. 






AMP, 


DOW, 


GTL, 


MCH 


SF. 








DOW, 


IMC. 







MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 209 



The term miscellaneous chemicals comprises those synthetic organic 
products that are not included in the use groups covered by the other 
preliminary reports in the 1968 series. They include products that 
are employed in a great variety of uses. The number of chemicals 
used exclusively for only one purpose is not large. Among the prod- 
ucts covered are those used for gasoline and lubricating oil additives, 
paint driers, photographic chemicals, tanning materials, flotation 
reagents, refrigerants, textile polymers, sequestering agents, organic 
fertilizers, antifreeze chemicals, solvents, and acyclic intermediates. 
Statistics on production and sales of miscellaneous chemicals in 1968 
are given in table 1; table 2 lists these products and identifies the 
manufacturers . 

Production of miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals in 1968 
totaled 67.5 billion pounds, or 13 percent more than the output of 59.7 
billion pounds reported for 1967. Sales of miscellaneous chemicals 
in 1968 amounted to 30.4 billion pounds, valued at $3.9 billion, com- 
pared with 26.0 billion pounds, valued at $3.5 billion, in 1967. 

The total output of miscellaneous cyclic chemicals in 1968 was 1.8 
billion pounds, or 17 percent more than the output of 1.5 billion pounds 
reported for 1967. Sales in 1968 totaled 903 million pounds, valued 
at $320 million, compared with 776 million pounds, valued at $284 mil- 
lion, in 1967. In 1968 the most important groups of cyclic compounds 
were the lubricating oil additives, the output of which was 508 million 
pounds, and synthetic tanning materials, the output of which was 42 
million pounds . 

Total production of miscellaneous acyclic chemicals in 1968 was 
65.7 billion pounds, or 13 percent more than the output of 58.2 billion 
pounds reported for 1967. Sales in 1968 totaled 29.5 billion pounds, 
valued at 3.6 billion, compared with 25.2 billion pounds, valued at 
$3.2 billion, in 1967. The statistics for acyclic chemicals were re- 
grouped in 1966 primarily by chemical function. The order of prece- 
dence of these functional groups is generally that used in naming and 
indexing chemical compounds by Chemical Ah s tracts , but other important 
considerations are comparability with statistics for earlier years and 
the need for groupings that will not reveal the operations of individual 
producers . 

In 1968, the most important groups of acyclic chemicals were the 
halogenated hydrocarbons, the nitrogenous compounds, monohydric alco- 
hols, and aldehydes and ketones. Production of halogenated hydrocarbons 
which are used as solvents, intermediates, refrigerants, and aerosol 
propellants, totaled 13.8 billion pounds. The most important chemicals 
in this group were dichloroethane (production of 4.8 billion pounds in 
1968 compared with 4.0 billion pounds in 1967) and vinyl chloride (3.0 
billion pounds compared with 2.4 billion pounds). Output of nitrogen- 
ous compounds totaled 11.5 billion pounds. The most important chemical 
in this group was urea (used principally in fertilizers and as a feed 



210 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



additive), production of which was 4.9 billion pounds in 1968 compared 
with 4.2 billion pounds in 1967. 

Monohydric alcohols, which are used largely as solvents and 
intermediates, were the third largest group in 1968, with production 
of 10.3 billion pounds. The most important items in the group in 
terms of production were synthetic methanol (3.8 billion pounds in 
1968 compared with 3.4 billion pounds in 1967), isopropyl alcohol 
(2.1 billion pounds in 1968, the same as in 1967), and synthetic ethyl 
alcohol (2.1 billion pounds in 1968, compared with 1.9 billion pounds 
in 1967). Aldehydes and ketones, which are also used largely as 
solvents and intermediates, were the next largest group with production 
of 9.3 billion pounds. The most important items in this group in 
1968 were formaldehyde (4.3 billion pounds), acetaldehyde (1.6 billion 
pounds), and acetone (1.4 billion pounds). 



MISCELLANEOUS CHE^aCALS 211 

TABLE 1. --Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1968 

[Listed below are all miscellaneous chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales may be published, 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not he published or where no data 
were reported. Table 2 lists all miscellaneous chemicals for which data on production or sales were reported 
and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Grand total 

MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

Total 

Benzoic acid, sodium salt 

Benzoyl peroxide 

4-tert-Butylpyrocatechol 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol : 

Food grade 

Tech 

p-Dimethoxybenzene (Dimethyl ether of hydroquinone) 

Flotation reagents 

Gasoline additives 

Hexamethylenetetramine, tech 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid esters: 

Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

Lubricating oil and grease additives, total 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, barium salt 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

All other 

4-Methylmorpholine 

Morpholine 

Naphthenic acid salts, total * 

Calcium naphthenate 

Cobalt naphthenate 

Lead naphthenate 

Manganese naphthenate 

Zinc naphthenate 

All other 

Photographic chemicals: 

Benzotriazole 

2, 5-Diethoxy-4-morpholinobenzenediazonium salts 

p-Diethylaminobenzenediazonium (p-Diazo-N,N-di ethyl- 
aniline) salts 

N,N- Diethyl toluene- 2,5- diamine, monohydrochloride 

p- (N-Ethylbenzimido)benzenediazonium chloride - zinc 
chloride 

Pinene, total 

a-Pinene 

B- Pinene 

Rosin acid salts 



1,000 
pounds 



67,525,358 



1.797,648 



Quantity 



1,000 
pounds 



50,365,810 



10,080 

6,322 

730 

6,171 

17,161 

630 

5,992 
16,651 
96,803 



507,769 



26,203 
185,255 

94,928 
201,383 

342 
21,386 

27,111 



1,707 
3,992 
17,037 
1,757 
1,591 
1,027 



113 
363 



77,712 
42,982 



902,506 



9,567 

6,084 

676 

6,662 
16,875 



13,261 
71,212 



592 
212 



304,453 



68,589 
77,483 
158,381 

240 
20,646 

24,028 



1,630 
3,625 
14,672 
1,594 
1,452 
1,055 



64.020 



5,701 
1,231 



4,007 
8,985 



11,826 
10,705 



906 
368 



18,976 
12,740 
35,140 

336 
7,561 

6,982 



532 
1,899 
2,999 
467 
386 
699 



194 
1,010 



See footnotes at end of table. 



212 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 
TABLE 1. — Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1968 — Continued 



Sales 



Quantity 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC--Continued 



Tall oil salts, total* 

Calcium tallate 

Cobalt tallate 

Iron tallate 

Lead tallate 

Manganese tallate 

All other 

Tanning materials, synthetic, total 

2-Naphthalenesul£onic acid, formaldehyde condensate 

and salts 

All other 

Textile chemicals, other than surface- active agents — 
All other miscellaneous cyclic chemicals 

MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Cellulose Esters and Ethers 

Total 

Cellulose esters, total 

Cellulose acetate 

All other 

Cellulose ethers, total 

Sodium carboxymethylcellulose, 100% 

All other 

Lubricating Oil Additives 

Total 

Phosphorodithioates (Dithiophosphates] 

Sulfurized lard oil 

All other 

Nitrogenous Compounds 

Total^ 

Acrylonitrile 

Amines, total 

Butylamines: 

n-Butylamine, mono-- 

Di-n-butylamine 

Diisobutylamine 

Diethylamine 

1,6-Hexanediamine CHexaraethylenediamine) 

Methylamines: 

Monomethylamine 

Dimethyl amine 

Trimethylamine 

Propylamines : 

Mono- n- propylamine 

Di is opropyl amine 

Di-n-propyl amine 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 



705 
2,120 



3,920 
967 



39,022 
2,905 



1,786 
906,353 



65,727,690 



1,125,701 



817,442 
191,031 



117,228 



59,951 
57,277 



479,621 



102,103 

3,400 

374,118 



11,475,227 



1,020,957 
945,431 



1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


dollars 


8,119 


2,253 


773 


216 


2,112 


941 


51 


11 


4,007 


769 


921 


234 


255 


82 



41,307 



38,455 
2,852 



783 
313,326 



29,463,304 



8,207 
1,691 



812 
170,468 



3,554,427 



234,022 
106,025 



77,120 
58,047 



58,605 
47,420 



24,750 
33,297 



35.368 



32,065 

2,874 

134,358 



6,275,869 



10,268 

434 

24.666 



753,653 



1,477 


1,062 


3,493 


2,005 


3,674 




7,045 




649,786 




21,682 


17,844 


72,749 


35,571 


19,745 


14,327 


441 


122 


3,390 


2,323 


9,417 


9,100 


152,532 


153,672 



457 
687 



1,799 
4,216 
1,521 



557 

2,865 

49,403 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 
TABLE 1. --Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1968- -Continued 



213 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 
Nitrogenous Compounds- -Continued 



1,, I ' -Azobisformamide 

2-Dimethylaminoethanol 

Erucamide 

Ethanolamines, total 

2-Aminoethanol (Monoethanolamine) 

2,2'-Iminodiethanol (Diethanolamine^ 

2,2' ,2' '-Nitrilotriethanol (Triethanolamine) 

2-MethylIactonitriIe (Acetone cyanohydrin) 

Nitriloacids and salts, total 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium salt 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetrasodium salt 
(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo)triacetic acid, tri- 

sodium salt 

All other 

Pentaerythritol tetranitrate 

Sarcosine and salt 

Stearamide 

Stearic acid - ethylenediamine condensate (amine/acid 
ratio«l/2) 

Urea in compounds or mixtures (100% basis), total 

In feed compounds 

In liquid fertilizer 

In solid fertilizer 

All other 

All other nitrogenous compounds 

Acids, Acyl Halides and Anhydrides 

Total 

Acetic acid, synthetic, 100% 

Acetic anhydride, 100% 

Acrylic acid 

Adipic acid 

Chloroacetic acid, mono- 

Dodecenylsuccinic anhydride 

Fumaric acid 

Gluconic acid, tech 

Lauroyl chloride 

Maleic anhydride 

Propionic acid 

All other acids, acyl halides and anhydrides 

Salts of Organic Acids 

Total 

Acetic acid salts, total 

Ammonium acetate 

Copper acetate 

Potassium acetate 

Sodium acetate 



1,000 
pounds 



4,219 
2,830 
1,352 



73,017 
85,140 
65,709 



3,111 

784 

27,972 

5,022 
28,010 

5,503 
2,546 



12,913 
' 4.871.159 



565,254 
1,991,185 
1,970,225 

344,495 

3,834,624 



5,577,038 



,738,236 

,663,776 

82,453 

,163,399 

79,113 

1,276 

43,335 

3,950 

3,432 

181,748 

38,104 

578,216 



29,274 



1,028 

217 

3,686 

16,510 



Quantity 



1,000 
pounds 



3,360 
2,016 
1,268 



61,985 
58,305 
65,383 



993 

812 

20,686 

3,827 
25,722 

3,438 
2,013 



4,468,125 



554,883 
1,755,018 
1,911,934 

246,290 

1,308,042 



1,114,976 



1,000 
dollars 



3,572 
1,007 
1,559 



8,922 
6,716 
9,595 



536 

497 

6,551 

1,502 
5,634 

2,763 
843 
285 



138,153 



378,019 

130,061 

16,459 

108,578 

984 
40 , 360 



131,335 

20,442 

284,854 



201,694 



28,090 



845 

192 

3,579 

15,734 



16,108 

54,574 

59,894 

7,577 

499,904 



167,939 



24,265 
13,001 
4,467 
17,981 

400 
6,378 
1,188 

16,202 

1,948 

82,109 



6.920 



296 

162 

1,059 

2,573 



See footnotes at end of table. 



214 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 
TABLE 1. --Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1968- -Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC- -Continued 

Salts of Organic Acids — Continued 

Acetic acid salts--Continued 

Zinc acetate 

Zirconium acetate 

All other 

2-Ethylhexanoic acid (a-Ethylcaproic acid) salts, total- 
Calcium 2-ethylhexanoate 

Cobalt 2-ethylhexanoate 

Lead 2-ethylhexanoate 

Manganese 2-ethylhexanoate 

Zinc 2-ethylhexanoate 

All other 

Gluconic acid, sodium salt, tech 

Linoleic acid salts 

Mercaptoacetic (Thioglycolic] acid, salts 

Octanoic acid (Caprylic acid) salts 

Oleic acid salts' 

Palmitic acid, aluminum salt 

Polyacrylic acid salts 

Propionic acid salts: 

Calcium propionate 

Sodium propionate 

Stearic acid salts, total '° 

Aluminum stearates, total 

Aluminum distearate 

Aluminum raonostearate 

Aluminum tristearate 

Calcium stearate 

Lithium stearate 

Magnesium stearate 

Zinc stearate 

All other 

All other salts' of organic acids 

Aldehydes and Ketones 

Total 

Acetaldehyde 

Acetone, total 

From isopropyl alcohol 

All other 

2-Butanone (Methyl ethyl ketone) 

Chloral (Trichloroacetaldehyde) 

Formaldehyde (37% by weight) 

4-Hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone (Diacetone alcohol) 

4-Methyl-2-pentanone (Methyl isobutyl ketone) 

All other aldehydes and ketones 

Alcohols, Monohydria, Unsubstituted 

Total 

Alcohols, C^ or lower, unmixed, total 

Butyl alcohols: 

n-Butyl alcohol (n-Propylcarbinol) 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 



669 

334 

6,830 

5,772 



1,213 

1,155 

824 

111 

472 

1,997 

14,660 

237 

2,832 

1,201 

84 

5,206 

13,693 
6,854 

44,716 



5,559 

4,473 

642 

444 

16,416 

503 

4,279 

12,038 

5,921 

118,178 



9.535,751 



1,585,066 
1,360,603 



798,902 
561,701 

451,224 

70,517 

4,301j,6q8 

87,166 

182,090 

1 29U,l477 



588 

276 

6,876 

4,956 



1,000 
dollars 



218 

112 

2,500 



3,184 



458 
1,040 
960 
121 
466 
1,911 

13,687 

2,585 

876 

1,109 



10,227 
5,243 



36,941 



168 
935 
407 
41 
222 
1,411 



3,736 

1,181 

638 

5,452 

2,235 
1,124 

12,628 



3,968 

3,053 

566 

349 

15,107 

514 

4,384 

10,930 

2,038 

93,105 



1,014,637 



523,702 
490,935 

437,842 

l,51'<.00l» 

31,767 

166,852 

615,506 



4,766,950 



432,597 



1,490 
1,126 

241 

123 
4,690 

244 
1,629 
3,780 

795 

31,079 



27,459 
22,358 

42,256 

37,273 

4,039 

20,565 

55,885 



23,816 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 
TABLE 1. --Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales , 1968- -Continued 



Production 



Quantity 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 
Alcohols, Monohydric, Unsubstituted- -Continued 
Alcohols, Cj or lower, uninixed--Continued 

Butyl alcohols--Continued 

Isobutyl alcohol (Isopropylcarbinol) 

Ethyl alcohol, synthetic " 

2-Ethyl-l-hexanol 

Hexyl alcohol 

Iso-octyl alcohols 

Isopropyl alcohol 

Methanol, synthetic 

l-(and 2-)0ctanol 

All other 

Alcohols, Cjj and higher, unmixed, total 

Decyl alcohols 

1-Hexadecanol and other hexadecyl alcohols 

All other 

Mixtures of •Icohpls, total -- 

C9 and lower, only 

CjQ and higher, only 

C5 to C,2 and others 

Polyhydric Alcohols and Their Esters and Ethers 

Total 

Polyhydric alcohols, total 

Ethylene glycol 

Pent aery thri to 1 

Propylene glycol (1,2-Propanediol) 

Sorbitol 

All other 

\ Polyhydric alcohol esters 

Polyhydric alcohol ethers, total- 

2-Butoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether) 

Diethyl ene glycol 

Dipropylene glycol 

2-Ethoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether) 

2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene" glycol monoethyl 

ether) 

2- [2- (2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethoxyJethanol (Triethylene glycol 

monoethyl ether) 

2-Methoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether)-- 
2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol monomethyl 

ether) 

2- [2- (2-Methoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene glycol 

monomethyl ether) 

Polyethylene glycol 

Polypropoxy ethers, total 

Glycerol tri (polyoxypropylene) ether 

All other 

Polypropylene glycol 

Triethylene glycol 

All other ethers of polyhydric alcohols 



1,000 
pounds 



108,609 

2,126,762 

386,951 

13,956 

132,397 

2, 07 It, 205 

3,817,382 

21,480 

547,657 

223,600 



152,523 
6,888 
64,189 

410,892 



47,537 
286,603 
^ 76,752 



4,729,787 



3,030,543 



2,042,846 
92,431 

352,876 
84,089 

458,301 

171,226 
1,528,018 



88,017 
225,801 
38,818 



137,358 

14,258 

16,298 
45,181 
367,145 
220,460 
146,685 
195,858 
73,076 
288,813 



1,000 
pounds 



79 , 748 

1,246,515 

176,135 

5,280 

80,381 

794, 783 

1,490,403 

8,896 

182,398 

106,211 



51,153 

5,545 

49,513 

544,700 



34,599 

230,982 

79,119 



2,436,896 



1,627,336 
80,561 

333,055 
71,300 

324,644 

181,028 
1,125,567 



81,934 
143,309 
33,249 
58,363 

27,906 

5,598 
85,342 



41,698 
317,498 
208,348 
109,150 
169,189 
57,698 
96,854 



1,000 
dollars 



5,300 

73,540 

21,776 

648 

9,740 
47,159 
39,438 

1,762 
13,778 

18,860 



6,309 

1,450 

11,101 

45,330 



4,342 
30,268 
10,720 



246,489 



109,041 
17,810 
31,076 
13,872 
74,690 

37,262 

167,715 



15,764 
11,752 
5,608 
8,933 

4,494 

760 
12,579 

1,124 



9,529 
48,117 
30,965 
17,154 
25,892 

9.016 
18,145 



See footnotes at end of table. 



216 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 1. --Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1968-- Continued 



Sales 



Quantity 



1,000 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 
Esters of Monohydria Alcohols 



Total 

n-Butyl acetate, unmixed 

Butyl aery late 

Dibutyl fumarate 

Dibutyl maleate 

Dilauryl 3,3'-thiodipropionate 

Dioctyl maleate 

Distearyl 3, 3' -thiodipropionate 

Ethyl acetate, 85% 

Ethyl aery late 

2-Ethyl-l-hexyl aery late 

Isobutyl aery late 

Iso-oetyl mercaptoacetate 

Isopropyl acetate 

Methyl methacrylate 

Phosphorus acid esters, not elsewhere specified — 

Vinyl acetate 

All other 

Halogenated Hydrooccrbons 

Total 

Carbon tetrachloride ' 

Chlorinated paraffins 

Chlorodifluoromethane 

Chloroethane (Ethyl chloride) 

Chloroform 

Chloromethane (Methyl chloride) 

Chlorotrif luoromethane 

Dichlorodifluorome thane 

1,2-Dichloroethane (Ethylene dichijwide) 

Dichloromethane (Methylene chloride) 

1,2-Diehloropropane (Propylene dichloride) 

Dichlorotetraf luoroethane 

lodomethane (Methyl iodide) 

Tetrach loroethy 1 ene ( Perch 1 oroethy lene) 

1,1, 1-Trichloroethane (Methyl chloroform) 

Trich loroethy lene 

Tri eh lorof luoromethane 

Vinyl chloride, monomer (Chloroethylene) 

All other halogenated hydrocarbons 

All Other Misaeltcmeous Acyalia Chemicals 

Total 

2- But an one peroxide 

tert-Butyl peroxide (Di-tert-butyl peroxide) 

Carbon disulfide 

Epoxides, ethers, and aeetals: 

Epichlorohydrin 

Ethylene oxide 

Ethyl ether, all grades 

Isopropyl ether 

Methyl ether (Dimethyl ether) 

Propylene oxide 

Lauroyl peroxide 

Organo-silicon polymers 

Phosgene (Carbonyl chloride) 



63,174 

44,224 

6,282 

10,719 

1,348 

2,690 

702 

179,389 

165,155 

32,712 

3.361 

3,241 

404,586 
36,674 
718,149 
494,736 



763,425 
57,607 

573,140 
180,795 
305,253 

325,625 

4,798,735 

302,631 



19 
636,484 
299,406 
519,145 
204,418 
2,968,897 
1,860,531 



2,405 

1,098 

792,597 



2,625,231 
100,137 

12,645 

957,853 

2,065 

48,277 
446,586 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



177,084 



63,296 
38,158 
5,154 

1,473 

2,429 

708 

146,936 

58,304 

25,778 

2,159 

2,936 

42,038 

25,063 
248,275 
325,656 



5,794,615 



7,463 

7,678 

950 

1,345 

489 

715 

13,211 

11,217 

6,504 

454 

1,752 

4,533 

13,048 
26,391 
81,334 



584,748 



647,754 

58,780 

55,010 

258,189 

139,882 

139,253 

144 

302,159 

491,564 

288,115 

30,400 

17,333 

18 

502,685 

288,122 

527,571 

175,656 

1,463,069 

408,911 



2,287,394 



2,241 

1,305 

568,744 

75,024 

393,522 

83,287 

6,108 

89,959 

2,050 

44,729 



36,981 

7,379 

32,752 

17,035 

9,818 

8,223 

624 

79,597 

17,038 

22,453 

845 

8,809 

52 

34,328 

31,766 

38,146 

33,165 

66,930 

138,807 



2,761 
1,344 
25,094 

14,063 

30,481 

6,516 

594 

8,244 

1,816 

70,659 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 
TABLE 1. --Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1968- -Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCI,IC--Continued 

All Other Miscellaneous Acyalic Chemiaals — Continued 

Sodium formaldehyde sulfoxylate 

Sodium methoxide (Sodium methylate) 

Tetraethyllead 

Tetramethyllead" 

Tetra (methyl -ethyl) leads 

Zinc formaldehyde sulfoxylate 

All other 



Production 



1,000 
pounds 



5,542 
6,037 
485,208 
115,537 
304,295 
895 
595,709 



Quantity 



1,000 
pounds 



4,875 
5,253 
482,134 
116,181 
294,801 
761 
116,420 



1,000 
dollars 



1,160 
1,338 
249,142 
49,175 
156,713 
312 
41,989 



Unit 
value' 



Per 
pound 



.53 
.41 



' Calculated from rounded figures. 

2 Compared with revised 1967 statistics for production of 12,600,000 pounds and sales of 10,200,000 pounds, valued 
at $3,100,000. 

' Statistics exclude production and sales of tricresyl phosphate. Statistics on tricresyl phosphate are given in 
the "Plasticizers" report. 

'* Quantities are given on the basis of solid naphthenate, tallate, or linoleate content. 

^ Statistics exclude production and sales of copper naphthenate. Statistics on copper naphthenate are given in 
the "Pesticide and Related Products" report. 

^ Statistics exclude production and sales of fatty amines. Statistics on fatty amines are given in the "Surface- 
Active Agents" report. 

' Production of urea in primary solution totaled 4,872,815 thousand pounds. 
' Includes estimated values for sales of urea in nitrogen compounds. 

^ Statistics exclude production and sales of potassium and sodium oleate. Statistics on these oleates are included 
in the "Surface-Active Agents" report. 

'° Statistics exclude production and sales of potassium and sodium stearates. Statistics on these stearates are 
included in the "Surface-Active Agents" report. 

11 Statistics on production of ethyl alcohol from natural sources by fermentation are issued by the Alcohol Tax Unit^ 
U.S. Internal Revenue Service. 
'^ Of the total production, over 55% consisted of alcohols lower than C and less than 45% consisted of alcohols 
higher than Cj,, . 
'3 Includes production and sales for use in synthesis of tetra(methyl-ethyl) leads . 



218 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Manufacturers' identification codes, byproducts, 1968 



[Miscellaneous chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked with an asterisk (*); 
chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not 
be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from the Appendix, tables 1 and 2. An 
X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product.] 



hQSCELUNEOUS CHEMCALS, CYCUC 

Aoetylcyclohexanesulfonyl peroxide 

Adenosine phosphates 

2-Aiiiinobenzothiazole 

l-(2-Amlnoethyl)piperazine 

l-(3-Arainooropyl)morpholine 

Ainyl p-dimethylarainobenzoate 

o-Anisaldehyde ~ 

Anisaldehyde bisulfite 

Arylalkyl phosphites 

•aBenzoic acid, sodium^salt 

p-Benzoquinone (p-Qplnone) 

Benzothiazole 

^Benzoyl peroxide 

Benzyltrimethylainmonium chloride 

Biological stains 

Bis-aminopropylpiperazine 

Bis(2,h-dlchlorobenzoyl) peroxide 

2,ij-Bis(U-hydroxy-3,5-di-tert-butyl-phenoxy)-6-(n-octyl- 

tiiio)-l,3,5-triazine. 

Bis(2-hydroxypropoxyphenyl)me thane 

2,lj-Bis(n-octylthio)-6-(i4'-hydroxy-3',5'-di-tert-butyl- 

anilino)-l,3,5-triazine. 

Boron fluoride-phenol complex 

U-Bromoacetoxymethyl-m-dioxolane 

Butyl benzoate 

p-tert-Butylbenzoic acid, barium bis-salt 

2 (and 3)-t.ert-Butyl-U-methoxyphenol 

tert-Butyl peroxybenzoate 

h-tert-Butylphenyl salicylate 

'~"U-tert-ButylpyTocatechol 

Camphene 

CatecholsulXonic acid, sodium salt 

Cellulose acetate phthalate 

Centralite-1 (N,N'-Diethyl-N,N'-diphenylurea) 

Chemical indicators 

Chemical reagents 

Chloramine B (Sodium derivative of N-chlorobenzenesulfon' 

amide). 
1- ( 3-Chloroallyl) -3, 5 , 7-triaza-l-azoniaadamantane 

chloride . 

o-Chlorobensamalononitrile 

5-Chloro-2-hydroxybenzophenone 

Chlorophyllin, sodium-potassium-copper 

Cobalt phthalocyaninedisulfonate 

Cumene hydroperoxide 

Cyanuric acid 

l,3-(and l,h-)Cyclohexadiene 

Cyclohexanone peroxide 

Cyclohexene-l,2-dicarboxylic acid (Tetrahydrophthalic 
acid) disubstituted, polyester salts: 

Barium and cadmium salts. 

Gyclohexene 

Cyclohexenone and cyclopentenone 

l,lfCyclohexylenedimethanol 

Cyclopropane 

Cytidine and derivatives 

Decahydronaphthalene (Decalin) 

Decyl diphenyl phosphite 

Dehydroacetic acid, sodium salt 

Diaminohexanitrobiphenyl 

Diaminotrinltrobenzene 

2,5-Di-tert-amylhydroquinone 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
tsee Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



WTL. 
PLB, 
■FMT, 

JCC, 
JCG. 
VNDi 

ASL. 
3IV, 
WES. 

m, 

EKT, 
ACT. 
AZT, 
COM. 
ACS, 
JCC. 
CAD, 
GGT. 

JCC. 
GGY. 

ACS. 
EFH. 
FRO, 
CCA. 
EKT. 
AZT, 
DOW. 
BKL, 
GLC, 
ICO. 

X. 

OTC, 
ACS, 
ACS, 
NES. 

WW. 



SHL. 
HON, PFZ, VEL. 

CAD, NOC, RCI, UPR, VfTL. 

EK. 

OTL. 



TCC, VEL. 



CTN, DOW. 
HPC. 



PAS. 

EK, FIN, LAM. 

AHA, CLB, EK, GFS, LAM, PIC. 



NCA. 

DOW, 

KCH. 

ACS. 

HPC, RCI. 

FMB. 

ALD. 

AZT, GAD, NOC, OTL. 

RCI. 



EK. 

ALD. 

EKT. 

OH, OMS, TAE. 

PLB. 

DUP. 

X. 



GAN. 
NGA. 
NCA. 
CTH, EKT. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 219 

TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



^aSCELUNEOl'S CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Di-tert-amylphenyl hydrogen phosphate 

l,h-Dia2abicyclo( 2 .2 .2) octane 

Diazodinitrophenol 

Dibroraodimethylhydantoin 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol! 

»Food grade 

»Tech 

2,5-Di-tert-butylhydroquinone 

Di-tert-butyl diperoxyphthalate 

l,3-Dichloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin 

Dichloro-s-triazine-2,l4,6(lH,3H,5H)trione (Dichlorolso- 
cyanuric acid), and salts. 

U,[i'-Dichloro-3-trifluororaethylcarbonallde 

Dicyclohexylammoniura nitrite 

Diethylamine salt of octylphenyl (and butoxyethyl) acid 
phosphate. 

Diethylcarbamyl chloride 

Digitonin 

2,l4-Dihydroxyben2ophenone 

2,2 '-Dihydroxy-U,li'-dimethoxybenzophenone 

3,5-Dihydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-l,2-peroxycyclopentane 

2,6-Dihydroxyisonicotinic acid (2,6-Dihydroxy-ti-carboxy- 
pyridine). 

2,2'-Dihydroxy-U-methoxybenzophenone 

2,2'-Dihydroxy-h-(octadecyloxy)benzophenone 

3,5-DiiodoEalicylic acid 

Dii sop ropyl benzene hydroperoxide 

Diisopropyl-ra,p-cresols 

» p-Dimethoxybenzene (Dimethyl ether of hydroquinone) 

2,5-Dimethyl-2,S-di(ben2oylperoxy)hexane 

2,6-DimethyImorpholine 

U,b-Dinitrocarbanilide-l;,6-dimethyl-2-pyrimidinol 

Di-n-octadecyl-3,5-di-tert-butyl-h-hydroxyphenyl phosphon- 
ate. 

Cioxane (I,l4-Diethylene oxide) 

Dioxin 

2,5-Diphenyl-p-benzoquinone 

Dipropylene glycol salicylate 

Dithioammilide, monoethanolamine salt 

U-(Dodecyloxy)-2-hydroxybenzophenone 

Enzyme s : 
Hydrolytic: 

Amylases 

Proteases 

Other 

Nonhydr olyti c 

2-Ethoxj'ethyl p-raethoxycinnaraate 

Ethyl cellulose phthalate 

EthylenediaminedKo-hydroxyphenylacetic acid), ferric 
sodium salt. 

U-Ethylmorpholine 

■» Flotation reagents: 

Dicresylphosphorodithioic acid (Dicresylthiophosphoric 
acid) . 

Dicresylphosphorodithioic acid, ammonium salt 

Dicresylphosphorodithioic acid, sodium salt 

2, 2' -Dimethyl thiocarbanilide (Di-o-tolyl thiourea) 

Rosin amines 

Thiocarbanilide (Diphenyl thiourea^ 

Other 

Fluorinated benzenoid chemicals 

Furan derivatives: 

2-'^uraldehyde (Furfural) 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol 

Gallic acid 

^Gasoline additives: 

!'!,N'-Eis(l,U-dimethylpentyl)-p-phenylenediamine 

6-tert-Butyl-o-cresol 

tert-Butylphenols, mixed 

2,6-Di-tert-butylphenol 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix,! tables l and 2) 



SM. 
HOU. 
HPC. 
AHA. 

ASH, EKT, HPC, KPT, PRD, SHC. 
ASH, EKT, HPC, KPT, MON, PRD, SHC. 
EKT. 

WTL. 
GLT. 
FMB, MON. 

GGY. 
OMC. 
SM. 

ICO. 
PEN. 
DUP. 
GAF. 
WTL. 
EK. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

KRT. 

HPC. 

GIV. 

ASL, EKT, GAF, UOP. 

l/JTL. 

DOW. 

MRK. 

GGT. 

DOVJ, UCC. 

GIV. 

EKT. 

SBC. 

ACY. 

DUP, EKT. 



BAl, CRN, MLS, OKS, PMP, RH, S30, 'rfBC. 

BAX, MLS, PFZ, PMP, WEC. 

BAI, HLS, RH, VffiC. 

ttS, PLB, WBC. 

GIV. 

EK. 

GGY. 



BRD, JCC. 

ACY. 

ACY. 
KCU . 

DUP, RBC. 
HPC. 

ACS, ACY. 
UCC. 
PIC. 

QKO. 
QKO. 
KAL. 

EKT. 
TNA. 
TNA. 
SHC, TNA. 



220 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Manufacturers' identification codes, byproducts, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



raSCELLANEOUS CHEIflCALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

fGasoline additives — Continued 

N,N'-Di-sec-butyl-o-phenylenedi amine 

N,N'-Di-sec-butyl-p-phenylenediamine 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-ben2oquinone 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-a-diraethylamno-p-cresol 

2,6-Diethylaniline 

N,N'-Diisopropyl-p-phenylenedi amine 

N,N'-Disalicylidene-l,2-propanedianine 

Methylcyclopentadienylmaneanese tricarbonyl 

U,li'-Methylenebis(2,6-di-tert-butylphenol) 

U,U'-Thiobis(6-tert-butyl-o-cresol) 

2,2'-Thiobis(6-tert-butyl-p-cresol) 

l,3,5-Tris(3,5-di-tert-butyl-lj-hydroxj''benzyl)niesitylene — 

Other 

Glyceryl p-aminobenzoate 

Glyceryl tribenzoate 

Guanosine phosphates 

^Hexamethylenetetramine, tech 

Hexanitroatilbene 

Hydrindantin 

o-(2-Hydroxy-p-anisoyl) benzoic acid- 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid esters: 

Benzyl p-hydroxj'benzoate 

Butyl p-hydroxybenzoate (Butylparaben) 

Ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate (Ethylparaben) 

n-Heptyl p-hydroxybenzoate (Heptylparaben) 

*Methyl p-hydroxj''benzoate (Methylparaben) 

*Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate (Propylparaben) 

Other 

Hydroxyethylpiperazine 

2-Hydroxy-li-methoxybenzophenone 

2-Hydroxy-Li-methoxy-5-sulfobenzophenone trihydrate 

Hydroxymethyl-5,5-dimethylhydantoin 

2-Hydroxy-li-n-octoxybenzophenone 

Hydroxyphenylbenzotriazole derivatives 

2-Hydroxypropyl p-(M,N-bis-2-hydroxypropylamino)benzoate 

l-Hydroxy-2-pyridine (Omadine) 

2-Imidazolidinethione (l,3-Ethylene-2-thiourea) 

1,2,3-Indantrione monohydrate (Ninhydrin) 

Inosine phosphates 

Isobutyl vinyl ether - toluene, xylene polymers 

Isocyanuric acid 

p-Isopropyl-a-raethylcinnamaldehyde 

Ketene dimer 

-■■Lubricating oil and grease additives: 

Chlorosulfurized and sulfurized coinpounds: 

Heterocyclic compounds, sulfurized 

Tall oil ester, sulfurized 

Terpenes, sulfurized 

Other 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonates: 

Oil-soluble petrole\un sulfonate, ammonium salt 

'Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, barium salt 

-"•Oil- soluble petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, magnesium salt 

■isOil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

Phenol salts; 

Barium salt of nonylphenol 

Calcium salt of octylphenol-formaldehyde 

Other 

All other 

Maleic anhydride half esters, vinyl ether copolymers 

p-Menthane 

8-p-Kenthyl hydroperoxide 

p-Methoxybenzylidenemalonic acid, dimethyl ester 

li-Methoxyphenol 

2-Kethylcyclohexanol 

Methyl cyclopropanecarboxylate 

2,2'-Methylenebis(U-chloroph6nol) (Dichlorophene) 



DIIP, 
TNA. 
TNA. 
TNA. 
DUP, 
DUP, 
TNA. 
SCH, 
TMA. 
ASH. 
THA. 
DUP, 
VND. 
VEL. 
PLB. 
POR, 
KCA. 
fffiX. 
ACY. 

LEM. 



EKT, TX. 
TNA. 



EKT, TNA, UPM. 



DUP, HKD, HMP, HN, PLS. 



ICO, LEM. 

LEM. 



vsn. 

HN, 

HN, 

HN. 

UCC. 

ACY, 

ACY. 

GLY. 

ACY. 

EK, G 

SHL. 

OHC. 

PAS. 

HEX. 

PLB. 

GAP. 

HON. 

GIV. 

EKT. 



ICO, LEK, P/L, VJSN. 
ICO, LEK, WSN. 



ORO. 
LUB. 
LUB. 
HK, 

SIN. 

CO, 

CO, 

CO. 

CO, 

EN J 
SHC! 
ENJ, 

enj! 
gat! 

HPC 
HN, 
ACY 
ASL, 

ekt! 

NEP 
GIV, 



LUB, TX, X. 

ENJ, LUB, ORO, SHO, TX, OTC, x. 



ENJ, MOR, PAR, SHO, SOC, SOI, TX, WTC. 
CCA. 



GOC, LUB, MON, ORO, SIN, TX, x. 
LUB, MON, ORO, SIN, x. 



HPC. 
CTN, EKT. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 221 

TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, I968-- Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



MISCELLANEOUS CWEICCALS, CTCLIC— Continued 

Methylenebis(5,5-dimethylhydantoin) 

2,2'-Methylenebis(3,ti,6-trichlorophenol) (Hexachlorophene)- 

Methyl gallate 

Methylglucoside 

» l4-Methylmorpholine 

Methyl phenyl phosphates 

l-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone, monomer 

* Morpholine 

Morpholxne salt of p-toluenesulfonic •>cid 

«■ Naphthenic acid salts: 

Aluminum naphthenate 

Barium naphthenate 

Cadmium naphthenate 

* Calcium naphthenate 

Cerium naphthenate 

Cobalt lead manganese naphthenate 

•» Cobalt naphthenate 

Iron naphthenate 

Lead manganese naphthenate 

* Lead naphthenate 

Lithium naphthenate 

* Manganese naphthenate 

Nickel naphthenate 

Rare earths naphthenate 

Sodium naphthenate 

Strontium naphthenate 

■* Zinc naphthenate 

o-Nitrobenzoic acid and sodium salt 

5-Norbornen-2-ylmethyl acrylate (BicycIo(2.2.1)hept-5-ene- 

2-methylol acrylate). 
Octadecyl 3-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-li-hydroxyphenyl)propionate — 

Organic mercury compounds: Phenylmercuric borate 

Pentaerythritol tetrabenzoate 

Phenolthiosulfonic acid 

2-Phenoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monophenyl ether) 

2-(2-Phenoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol phenyl ether) 

2,2 '-(p-Phenylene)diethanol 

m-Phenylene isonaphthalamide 

Phenyl hydrogen phosphate 

5-Phosphonylribose-l-Dyrophoschate, magnesium salt 

Photographic chemicals: 

N-(o-Acetamidophenethyl)-l-hydroxy-2-naphtharaide 

2-(Li-Amino-N-ethyl-m-toluidino)ethyl sulfate 

3-Amino-l,2,U-triazole 

*Benzotriazole 

p-Benzylaminophenol hydrochloride ' 

3-Chloro-ii-dieth.ylajninobenzenediazonium salts (p-Diazo- 
2-chloro-N,N-diethylaniline salts) . 

Chlorohydroquinone 

2,h-Diaminophenol dihydrochloride (Amidol) 

2,5-Dibutoxy-U-morpholinobenzenediazonium salts 

tt2,5-Diethoxy-lj-morpholinobenzenediazonium salts 

?,5-Diethoxy-ii-thiocresoldiazoniura salts 

- p-Diethylaminobenzenediazonium (p-Diazo-N,N-diethyl- 
aniline) salts. 

N,N-Diethyl-p-phenylenediamine hydrochloride 

*N,N-Diethyltoluene-2,5-diamine, monohydrochloride 

2,5-Dihydroxy-p-benzenedisulfonic acid salts 

2, 5-Dihydroxybenzene sulfonic acid 

p-Dimethylaminobenzenediazonium chloride (p-Diazo-N,N- 

dimethylaniline) - zinc chloride. 
U-(2' ,6'-BimethyImorpholinyl)benzenediazonium chloride - 
zinc chloride. 

p-Diphenylaminediazonium sulfate 

*p-(N-Ethylbenzimido)benzenediazonium chloride (p-Diazo- 
N-benzyl-N-ethylaniline) - zinc chloride. 
p-(Ethyl(2-hydroxyethyl)amino)benzenediazonium chloride 
(p-Diazo-N-ethyl-N-hydroxyethylaniline) - zinc chlor- 
ide. 

388-333 O - 70 - 15 



GLT. 

GIV. 

HSH. 

CRU, PFN. 

BED, JCC, IICC. 

TMA. 

GAF. 

DOW, JCC, UCC. 

AMB. 

HSH, UTC. 

CCA. 

CCA. 

CCA, CCC, PER, HIK, HSH, MCI, SHP, SW, TRO, OTC. 

SHP. 

HMX, HSH. 

CCA, CCC, FER, HNX, HSH, MCI, SHP, SW, TRO, VJTC. 

CCA, CCC, H^a, hsk, mci, wtc. 

CCA. 

CCA, CCC, CCi-L FER, HNX, HSH, KCI, SHP, Si, TRO, 

TX, vn'C. 



CCA, 


KCI . 












CCA, 


CCC, FEE, H:)X, 


HSH, 


MCI, 


SHP, 


SW, TRO, 


OTC 


CCA. 














CCA. 














CCA. 














CCA. 














CCA, 


CCC, FER, HNX, 


HSH, 


MCI, 


SHP, 


SW, TRO, 


vfrc 


WAY. 














ICO. 














GGI. 














TRO. 














V7.L. 














GAF. 














DOW, 


JCC. 












DOW. 














EKT. 














DUP. 
HDG, 


SM. 












PLB. 














EKT. 














EKT. 














FMT. 














EK, 


FMT, MEE, mi. 












EK. 














ESA, 


FMT. 












EK. 














i/PC. 














E.SA, 


FMT. 












ESA, 


FMT, GAF, IDC. 












FMT. 














ESA, 


FMT, GAF, IDC, 


WRT. 










EKT, 


FI'TT. 












EKT, 


FMT, IDC. 












X. 














EK. 














ESA, 


FMT, IDC. 












IDC. 














FKT. 














ESA, 


FMT, KRT. 












ESA, 


FKT, IDC. 













222 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



MXSCELLAUEOUS CHKMICALS, CYCLIC — Continued 

Photographic' chemicals — Continued 

N-Ethyl-N-hydroxyethyl-p-phenylenedi amine sulfate 

N-Ethyl-N-(a- methanesulfonainidoethyl)toluene-2,5-di- 
amine sulfate. 

Hydroquinone (Hydroquinol) 

p-( {2-Hydroxyethyl)methylaraino)benzenediazoniuiii chlor- 
ide (p-Diazo-H-hydroxyethyl-N-methylaniline) - zinc 
chloride. 

l-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)urea 

lt-Methoxy-1-naphthol 

p-Methylaminophenol sulfate 

5-Methylbenzotriazole 

li-Methyl-l-phenyl-3-pyrazolidinone 

U-Morpholinylbenzenediazonium salts 

6-Nitrobenziinidazole 

Octylphenyl salicylate 

Phenyl-5-mercaptotetrazole 

l-Phenyl-3-pyrazolidinone 

U-Phenylpyrocatechol 

Polyvinyl cinnaraate 

2-Resorcylic monoethanolamide 

U,U'-Thiodiresorcinol (Diresorcyl sulfide) 

l-( 2 ,li , 6-Tri chlorophenyl) -3-( U-nitroanilino) -2-pyrazo- 
lin-5-one. 

All other 

Phthalic acid, lead salt, dibasic 

Picramlc acid, sodium salt 

Picric acid, sodium salt 

»Pinene (a- and 6-)-- 

Piperazine, ethoxylated 

Piperonal, sodium bisulfite complex 

Polyethylene terephthalate 

Polyvinyl phthalate 

Propyl gallate 

Pyrogallol (Pyrogallic acid) 

Resorcinol monobenzoate 

•■Rosin acid salts: 

Aluminum resinate 

Calcium resinate 

Cobalt manganese resinate 

Copper resinate 

Iron resinate 

Lead resinate 

Manganese resinate 

Zinc resinate 

Salicylanilide 

Salicylic acid^ lead salt 

Sodium cresoxide (Cresylic acid, sodium salt) 

Sucrose benzoate 

Sulfosalicylic acid 

»TaU oil salts (Linoleic-rosin acid salts): 

Calcium manganese t'allate 

*Calcium tallate 

■»Cobalt tallate 

Copper tallate 

-^Iron tallate 

Lead manganese tallate 

ifLead tallate 

-Manganese tallate 

Zinc tallate 

Tannic acid 

*Tanning materials, synthetic: 

Hydroxy toluene sulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate 
(Cresol-formaldehyde sulfonate), sodium salt. 
* 2-Haphthalenesulf onic acid, formaldehyde condensate 
and salts. 
l-Phenol-2-sulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate 
(Phenol-formaldehyde, sulfonated) . 



FMT. 



FMT. 
WAY. 



IDC. 
EKT. 



EKT. 
ESA, FMT. 



FMT. 

X. 

EK. 

EK, FMT. 

WAY. 

FMT. 

EK, 

EKT 

CFC 

'3GY 

X. 

WAY 

FMT 

BKC 

EKT 

EKT 
NTL, 
SDC 
NCA 
ARZ 
OAF 
3HL 
DUP 
EK. 
EKT 
HSH 
EKT 



FMT, IDC, X. 



CBY, OLD, HN, HPC, NCI. 



HN, HSH. 
MAL. 



JMS. 

WVA. 

FIK, LEM, PCW. 

NTL. 

GOC. 

MON, MRK. 



CCC, HNX, HSH, MCI, TRO, WTC. 

CCC, FER, HNX, MCI, SHP, TRO, WTC. 

MCI, SHP. 

MCI, KLD, SHP, WTC. 

MCI. 

CCC, FER, HNX, HSH, MCI, SHP, TRO, WTC. 

CCC, FER, HNX, HSH, MCI, TRO, WTC. 

MCI. 

MAL. 



DA, GRD, RH, TCD. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS ! 

TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



ffiSCELLAHEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

♦Tanning materials, synthetic — Continued 

Styrene maleio anhydride interpolymer, partial sodium 

salt. 
Sulfonyldiphenolsulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate — 

All other 

?,3,;,6-Tetrachloro-h-(methyls\ili"onyl)pyridine 

l,2,3,h-Tetrahydronaphthalene (Tetralin) 

letrahydrothiophene 

Tetrahydrothiophene-l,l-di oxide (Sulfolane) 

Tetraki£(methylene-3-(3',5'-di-tert-butyl-li'-hydroxy- 
phenol)propionate)methane , 

Tetranitrocarbazole 

Tetraphenyltin 

a- Textile chemicals, other than surface-active agents: 

l,3-Bis(hydroxymethyl)-2-imidazolidone (Dimethylolethyl- 
ene urea). 

hrDecyloxy-2-hydroxybenzophenone 

N^,N -Diphenyl-l,2-propanediamine 

l-( (Octadecyloxy)methyl)pyridinium chloride 

Phenol, sulfurated 

Tetrahydro-3,5-bis(methoxymethyl)-liH-l,3,5-oxadiazin- 
Ij-one (l,3-Bis(methoxymethyl)uron). 

2,2 ',i4,U'-Tetrahydroxybenzophenone 

All other 

2,2'-Thiobis(U-chlorophenol) 

2,2 '-Thiobis(h,6-dichlorophenol) 

(2,2'-Thiobis(ij-octylphenolate))-n-butylamine nickel 

Thiophene 

o-Toluidine formaldehyde hydrochloride 

0-Tolylbigi.ianide 

Triallyl cyanurate 

Triarj'l phosphites 

Tribenzylamlne 

3,li',5-Trihromosalicylanilide 

3,h',S-Tribromosalicylanilide and dibromosalicylanilide 
mixtures. 

3,lj,Li'-Trichlorocarbanilide 

Trichloromelamine 

l,3,5-Trichloro-s-triazine-2,li,6(lH,3H,5H)trione (Tri- 
chloroisocyanuric acid). 

Tri-(m,p)-cresyl borate 

Tricyclohexyltin hydroxide 

Trimethylaminoethylpiperazine 

3,?,5-Trimethj'l-2-cyclohexen-l-one (Isophorone) 

2,14,6-Trinitroresorcinol, lead derivative 

s-Trioxane 

Triphenylphosphine 

Triphenyl phosphite 

Triphenyl sulfonium chloride mixtures 

Triphenyltin 

Tris(l-aziridinyl)phosphine oxide 

Uridine derivatives 

l-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone, monomer and polymer 

l-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone - acrylamide copolymer 

l-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone - vinyl acetate copolymer 

l-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone - other copolymers 



Manufacturers' identification cot 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



DIP. 

GAP. 

AKS, GGY. 
DOW. 

DL'P, UCC. 
ORG, PAS. 
PLC. 
GGY. 

SDC. 



AGY, AKS. 

GAF. 

Sim. 

DUP. 

C-AF. 



GAF. 

CI3. X. 

CIV. 

SDH. 

ACY. 

PAS. 

RBC. 

MON. 

ACY. 

ms. 

BPC. 

DOW, FIN, I1EE. 

FIN. 

MON. 
OTH. 
MON. 

USB. 

X, 

JCC. 

EHJ, UCC. 
REM. 
CEL. 
CCW, X. 
HK, MON. 
FIS. 

X. 

DOW. 
PLB. 
GAF. 
GAF. 
GAF. 
GAF. 



224 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. -Miscellaneous chemicals: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

Cellulose Esters and Ethers 



Manufacturers' identification codes 

(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



*Cellulose esters: 

•Cellulose acetate 

Cellulose acetate butyrate 

Cellulose acetate propionate 

Cellulose propionate 

Nitrocellulose (Cellulose nitrate) 

All other 

•Cellulose ethers: 

Ethyl cellulose 

Ethylhydroxy ethyl cellulose 

Hydroxy ethyl cellulose 

Hydroxy propy Icellulose 

Methyl cellulose 

♦Sodium carboxymethylcellulose, 100% 

Sodium carboxymethylhydroxyethylcellulose- 
All other 



Lubricating Oil Additives 



hM, CEL, DUP, EKT. 








EKT. 








EKT. 








CEL. 








DUP, HPC. 








UCC. 








DOW, X. 








HPC. 








HPC, UCC. 








X. 








DOW. 








BUK, DUP, HPC, KON, 


UCC, 


WMP, 


WVN 


HPC. 








KCH, UCC. 









Chlorosulfurized lard oil 

Chlorosulfurized sperm oil 

*Phosphorodithioates (Dithiophosphates) : 
Zinc di(butylhexyl) phosphorodithioate- 

Zinc dihexyl phosphorodithioate 

All other 

Sulfurized butenes 

*Sulfurized lard oil 

Sulfurized sperm oil 

All other 



Nitrogenous Compounds 



Acetamidine hydrochloride 

Acetamidoethanol (N-Acetyl-ethanolaraine) 

Acetonitrile 

*Acrylonitrile 

Adiponi tri le 

Allyl-sec-butylcyanoacetic acid, ethyl ester 

1- Allyl- 3- (2-hydroxy ethyl) -2- thiourea 

Allyl isocyanate 

Allyl isothiocyanate, non-flavor grade 

•Amines : 

Allylamines 

n-Butylamines: 

*n-Butylamine, mono- 

*Di-n-butylamine 

Tri-n-butylamine 

tert-Butylamine, mono- 

n-Butylethylamine 

n-Butylmethylamine 

Diethylenetriamine 

N.N-Diethylethylenedi amine 

N ,N'-Diethyl-l,4-pentanediamine (Novoldiamine) - 

Diethylaminopropylamine 

N,N-Dimethyl-l,3-propanediainine 

Dimethylarainopropyl amine 

Dipropy lenetriamine 

Ethylamines: 

*Diethylamine 

Diethylamine hydrochloride 

Ethylamine, mono- 

Tri ethyl amine 

Ethylenediamine 

Ethylenedi amine sulfate 

(2-Ethylhexyl)amine, mono- 

*1,6-Hexanediamine (Hexamethylenediamine) 

n-Hexylamine 

3,3'-lminobispropylamine 



CCW. 
CCW. 

ORO. 
MON, 
ENJ, 
LUB. 
CCW, 
CCW, 
ALX, 



SIN. 

LUB, MON, SIN, X. 

GOC, NLC, WBG. 

LUB, QCP, SIN. 

CCW, ENJ, GOC, HK, LUB, MON, ORO, SIN, SOI, TX. 



MRK. 

ALB, RBC. 

EKX, SOH, UCC. 

ACY, BFG, DUP, MON, SOH, UCC. 

DUP, MON. 

SDW. 

FMT, IDC. 

CWN. 

ICO. 

SHC. 



EKT, 


PAS, 


UCC, VGC 


PAS, 


UCC, 


VGC. 


PAS, 


VGC. 




MON, 


RH. 




PAS. 






UCC. 






DOW, 


JCC, 


UCC. 


CBP, 


PD. 




SDH. 






UCC. 






ARC, 


JCC. 




UCC. 






UCC. 






DUP, 


ESC, 


PAS. UCC 


BKL, 


EK. 




ESC, 


PAS, 


UCC. 


ESC, 


PAS, 


UCC. 


DOW, 


JCC, 


UCC. 


EK. 






VGC. 






CEL 


DUP, 


ELP, MON 


VGC 






JCC 


UCC 





MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 225 

TABLE 2.--MisceUaneoxis chemicals: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

Nitrogenous Compounds- -Continued 

♦Amines --Continued 
Isobutylamines: 

*DiisobutyIamine 

Isobutylamine, mono- 

I sopropy 1 amines : 

*Diisopropyl amine 

Isopropylamines, mono- 

Methylamines ; 

*Uimethylamine 

Dimethyl amine hydrochloride 

Dimethyl amine sulfate 

*Methylamine, mono- 

Methyl amine hydrochloride 

•Trimethy lamina 

n-Octylamine, mono- 

Pentaethyleneh examine 

Pentylamines (Amylamines) : 

Dipentyl amine 

Pentylamine, mono- 

Tripentyl amine 

1,2-Propanediamine (Propylenediamine) 

1,3-Propanediamine (1,3-Diaminopropane) 

•Propylamines : 

*Dipropyl amine 

♦Propylamine, mono- 

Tripropy lamina 

Tetraethylenapentamine 

N,N,N' ,N' -Tatramethyl-l,3-butanediamine 

Tetramethylethylenediamine 

Triethylenetatramine 

Other amines 

2-Amino-l-butanol 

2-A«iinoethanethiol C2-Mercaptoethylamine) hydrochloride-- 

1-Amlnoethanol (Acataldehyda ammonia) 

2-Aminoethanol CMonoethanolamine) hydrochloride 

2-Aminoethanol (Monoethanolamina) sulfite 

Aminoethoxyethanol 

2- (2-Aminoethylamino) ethane 1 (Aminoethylethanolamine) 

2-Aminoethyl marcaptoacetate (Monoathanolamine thio- 
glycolate. 

2-Amino-2-ethyl-l,!-propanediol 

Aminoguanidine bicarbonate 

2- Amino- 2- (hydroxymethyi;) -1 , 3-propanediol (Tris- (hydroxy 
methyl)aminomethane) . 

2- Amino- 2-methy 1-1, 3-propanediol 

2-Amino-2-methyl-l-propanol 

2-Amino-lr;propanol 

3-Amino-l-propanol 

*1,1' -Azobisformamide 

2,2'-Azobis[2-methylpropionitrile] (Azobisisobutyro- 

nitrile) . 
N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyathyl)-2-fetearamidomethoxy)ethylamine-- 

1,3- Bis (hydroxymethyi) urea (Dimethylolurea) 

Bis(trimethylsilyl)acetamide 

N-Bromoacetamide 

N-Bromosuccinimide (Succinibromimida) 

2,3-Butanedione monoxima 

2-Butanone oxime 

Butyl isocyanate 

tert-Butylurea 

Butyraldahyde oxime 

n-Butyronitrila 

Capro lactam (2-Oxohexamethylenimine) 

Chloroacetamide 

Chloroacetonitrile 

Chlorocholine chloride 

2-Chloro-N,N-dimethylethylamine (Dimethylarainoethyl 
chloride) hydrochloride. 



Manufacturers' identification codas 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



PAS, UCC, VGC. 
PAS. 



ESC, PAS, UCC, VGC. 
ESC, PAS, UCC, VGC. 



COM, DUP, ESC, GAP, PAS, RH. 
CFC, EK. 



COM, DUP, 


ESC, 


GAP, PAS, RH. 


RBC. 






COM, DUP, 


ESC, 


GAP, PAS, RH. 


VGC. 






DOW. 






PAS, VGC. 






ALB, PAS. 






PAS. 






UCC. 






JCC. 






ESC, PAS, 


UCC, 


VGC. 


ESC, PAS, 


UCC, 


VGC. 


UCC. 






DOW, JCC, 


UCC. 




UCC. 






RH. 






DOW, UCC. 






ALB, ALD, 


DUP, 


EK, GNM, JCC, 


ACY, COM. 






EVN. 






PAS. 






WSN. 






EVN, SUM. 






JCC. 






DOW, HDG, 


JCC, 


UCC. 


EVN, HAB. 






COM. 






COM. 






COM. 






COM. 






COM. 






LIL. 






UCC. 






FMT, NPI, 


USR 




DUP. 






GIB. 






GLY, x. 






ALD, PIC. 






ARA. 






ARA, SDW 






EK. 






AGP, CCA 






CWN, UPJ 






BKL. 






ACP. 






EKX. 






ACP, CNP 


DBC 


UCC. 


BPC. 






BPC. 






ACY. 







CTN, HEX, MCH, MRK, x. 



226 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Manufacturers' identification codes, byproducts, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturer"; ' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC- -Continued 

Nitrogenous Compounds --Continued 

3-ChIoro-N,N- dime thy Ipropylamine 

2- Ch I ore -N,N- dimethyl propyl amine hydrochloride 

3-Chloro-N,N-dimethy Ipropylamine hydrochloride 

2-Chloroethylaniine hydrochloride 

6-Chloroallyl-N-methylamine 

Chloro-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)acetafflide 

N-Chlorosuccinimide (Succinichlorimide) 

2-Chlorotriethylamine hydrochloride 

2-Chloro-N,N-diethylethylamine hydrochloride 

Choline base 

Coco nitrile 

Coconut oil amide 

Cottonseed oil nitrile 

Creatine and creatinine 

2-Cyanoacetamide 

2-Cyanoacethydrazide 

Cyanoacetic acid 

Cyanogen bromide 

2-Dibutylaminoethanol 

1, 3-Dibuty 1-2- thiourea 

1,4-Dicyanobutene 

Diethanolamine polyoxypropylene ether 

Diethyl acetamidomalonate 

Diethylaminoethanethiol hydrochloride 

2-DiethylaminoethanoI 

2-Diethylaminoethyl methacrylate 

Diethyl carbamoyl chloride 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

N,N-Diethyldodecanamide 

Diethylhydroxylamine 

1,3-Die thy 1-2- thiourea 

Diisopropylannnoethanol 

2-DiisopropylaminoethyI methacrylate 

Diisopropylammonium nitrite 

N,N-Dimethylacetamide 

*2-Diraethylaminoethanol 

3-Dimethylaminopropionitrile 

Dimethyl aminoethyl methacrylate 

Dimethylamino-2-propanol 

N- (3-Dimethylaminopropyl)oleamide 

Dimetliylcarbamyl chloride 

N,N-DimethylformaJiiide 

1, 1-DimethyIhydrazine 

Dithiooxamide 

2,5-Dithiobiurea 

*Erucamide 

*Ethanolaniines: 

*2-AiiiinoethanoI CMonoethanol amine) 

*2, 2'-Iminodiethanol (Diethanolamine) 

*2,2' , 2' ' -Nitrilotriethanol (Triethanolamine) 

Ethoxymethylenemalononitrile 

3-Ethoxypropionitrile 

Ethyl acetamidocyanoacetate 

2-Ethylaminoethanol (Ethylmonoethanolamine) 

Ethyl carbamate 

Ethyl carbodiimide hydrochloride 

Ethyl cyanoacetate 

N,N' -Ethylenebis- stearamide 

2-Ethylhexyl cyanoacetate 

N-EthyI-N-hydroxyethyl-l,4-pentanediamine 

5- (N-Ethyl-N -hydroxy ethyIamino)-2-pentanone 

Fish oil fatty acid amide 

Form amide 

Formamidine disulfide dihydrochloride 

Formamidine hydrochloride 

Glycine (Aminoacetic acid), non-medicinal 

Glycine ethyl ester hydrochloride 



SK. 

MCH. 

MCH. 

NES. 

LIL. 

KF. 

ACS, 

MCH. 

HEX. 

RH. 

FOR. 

ARC, 

FOR. 

PFN. 

KF. 

KF. 

KF. 

EK. 

AAC, 

OMC, 

x. 

JCC. 

SDW. 

EVN. 

AAC, 

DUP. 

CTN. 

EK. 

EK. 

PAS. 

PAS, 

PAS, 

DUP. 

OMC. 

DUP. 

AAC, 

ACY. 

x. 

COM, 

DUP. 

CTN, 

DUP, 

FMP. 

MAL. 

ACY. 

ASH, 

ACP, 

ACP, 

ACP, 

KF. 

ACY. 

SDW. 

PAS. 

FMP. 

OTC. 

KF. 

CTN. 

KF. 

SDW. 

SDW. 

ASH, 

DUP. 

WAY. 

EK, i 

CHT, 

BPC. 



PAS. 
PAS, RBC. 



PAS, UCC. 



RBC. 
UCC. 



DUP, JCC, PAS, RH, UCC. 



OTC. 
ESC. 



DOW, JCC, MAT, SHC, UCC. 
DOW, JCC, MAT, SHC, UCC. 
DOW, JCC, MAT, SHC, UCC. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 227 

TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



MISCELUNEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

Nitrogenous Compounds — Continued 

Glycine salts: Cupric glycinate 

Glycolonitrile 

Guanidine hydrochloride 

Hexadecyl nitrile 

Hexame thy 1 en edi amine carbamate 

Hexamethylenediammonium adipate (Nylon salt) 

Hydracrylonitrile (Ethylene cyanohydrin) 

2-Hydrazinoethanol (2-Hydroxyethylhydrazine) 

Hydroxy ethyl carbamate 

N-Hydroxymethylacrylamide terpolymer 

2-(Hydroxymethyl)-2-nitro-l,3-propanediol (Tris(hydroxy- 
methyl)nitromethane) . 

N-Hydroxymethylstearamide 

Hydroxypropyl carbamate 

Isobutyl cyanoacetate 

Isobutyronitrile 

Isopropanolamines: 

l-Air.ino-2-propanol (Monoisopropanol amine) 

l,l'-Iminodi-2-propanol (Diisopropanol amine) 

1,1' ,r '-Nitrilotri-2-propanol (Triisopropanolamine) 

3-Isopropoxypropionitrile 

3-lsopropoxypropylamine 

2-lsopropylaminoethanol 

Isopropyl ethyl thionocarbamate 

Isopropyl isocyanate 

Lactonitrile 

Lauronitrile (Dodecyl nitrile) 

Lysine diisocyanate methyl ester 

Malononitrile 

Methacrylamide 

Methacrylonitrile 

Methoxy amine hydrochloride 

3-Methoxypropylamine 

N-Methylacet amide 

2-Methylaminoethanol (N-Methylethanolamine) 

Methyl carbamate 

Methyl cyanoacetate 

Methyl a-cyanoacrylate 

N,N' -Methylenebis(acrylamide) 

N,N' -Methylenebis(octadecanamide) 

Methylenebis(thiocyanate) 

N-Methylglucamine 

Methyl isocyanate 

2,2' - (Methylimino)diethanol (Methyldiethanolamine) 

*2-Methyllactonitrile (Acetone cyanohydrin) 

2-Methyl-2-nitro-l,3-propanediol 

2-Methyl-2-nitro-l-propanol 

Methylpolyethanolamine 

N-Methyl taurine 

*Nitriloacids and salts: 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid 

(Diethylenetrinitri>o)pentaacetic acid, monosodium 

hydrogen ferric salt. 
(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid, pentasodiura 
salt. 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid, sodium salt 

N,N-Dihydroxyethylglycine, sodium salt 

Ethanoldiglycine, disodium salt 

*(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid (Ethylenediamine- 
tetraacetic acid) . 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, calcium disodium 
salt. 

*(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium salt 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium copper 

salt. 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium zinc salt 
dihydrate. 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



BPC. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

FOR. 

BKL. 

CEL, DUP, MON. 

UCC. 

NOR. 

JCC. 

GAF. 

COM. 

ICl. 

JCC. 

KF. 

EKX, ESC. 



DOW, UCC. 




DOW, UCC. 




DOW, UCC. 




DUP. 




DUP. 




PAS 




DOW. 




OTC. 




MON. 




FOR. 




MRK. 




KF, MTR. 




RH, X. 




SOH. 




EK. 




EKT, JCC. 




ACl, EK. 




UCC. 




BKL, FMP. 




KF. 




EKT. 




ACY. 




ARC. 




NLC. 




DUP. 




OTC, UCC. 




UCC. 




ACY, RH, 


X. 


COM. 




COM. 




GAF. 




GAF. 




HMP. 




GGY. 




GGY, HMP. 




CWL, DOW, 


GGY, RPC, 


CWL, DOW, 


HMP. 


HMP. 




DOW, GGY, 


HMP. 


DOW, GGY. 





DOW, EK, GGY, HMP, RPC. 
GGY. 



GGY, HMP. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Manxifacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 

(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC — Continued 

Nitrogenous Confounds- -CorAimieA 

*NitriIoacids and salts--Continued 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, manganese salt — 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, monosodium iron 

salt. 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetraammonium 

salt. 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetrapotassiujn 
salt. 
*(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetrasodium salt- 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, triammonium salt- 
(Ethylenedinitrilojtetraacetic acid, trisodium salt — 

(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo)triacetic acid 

*(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo)triacetic acid, 
trisodium salt. 

Nitrilotriacetic acid, trisodium salt- 

Other 

2-Nitro-I-butanol 

Nitroethane 

Nitroraethane 

1-Nitropropane 

2-Nitropropane 

Nylon, 6 and 6/6 polymer for fiber 

Octadecyl isocyanate 

Octadecyloxymethyltriethylammonium chloride 

Oleamide (Octadecene amide) 

Oleic acid, amine condensates 

Oleonitrile (Octadecene nitrile) 

Oleoylhydroxamic acid 

Oleoylpalmitamide 

*PentaerythritoI tetranitrate 

Pentyl nitrate (Amyl nitrate) 

Poly aery lamide 

Polyacrylonitrile 

Polyesteramide 

Polyoxyalkylene amines 

n- Propyl carbamate 

Propyl isocyanate 

Propyl nitrate 

Quaternary ammonium compounds 

Rici no lamide 

*Sarcosine (N-Methylaminoacetic acid) 

Semicarbazide base 

Semicarbazide hydrochloride 

Semioxamazide 

*Stearamide (Octadecane amide) 

*Stearic acid - ethylenediamine condensate (amine/acid 

ratio=l/2) 

Stearic acid, other amine condensates- 

Stearonitrile (Octadecanenitrile) 

Stearylerucamide 

Succinimide 

Tallow amide, hydrogenated 

Tall oil nitrile 

Tallow nitrile 

Tallow nitrile, hydrogenated 

N,N,N' ,N'-Tetrakis(2-hydroxypropyl) ethylenediamine 

Tetramethylguanidine 

3,3'-Thiodipropionitrile 

Thiosemicarbazide 

*Urea in compounds or mixtures, 100% basis: 

*In feed compounds 

*In liquid fertilizer 

*In solid fertilizer 

In plastics 

All other 



GGY. 

GGY, HMP, RPC. 



CRT, 


CWL, 


DOW, 


GGY, HMP, HRT, IBI, RPC 


DOW. 








GGY, 


HMP. 






GGY. 








CRT, 


CWL, 


DOW, 


GGY, HMP, IBI, RPC. 


DOW, 


GGY, 


HMP. 




EK, 


HMP. 






COM. 








COM. 








COM. 








COM. 








COM. 








DBC, 


DUP, 


MON. 




CWN, 


MOB, 


UPJ. 




DAN. 








arc; 


ASH,. 


FIN, 


HUM. 


CCW, 


GAF, 


GLY. 




ARC, 


FOR. 






WOB. 








FIN. 








COM, 


DUP, 


HPC. 




TNA. 








ACY, 


HPC, 


NLC. 




DUP. 








ICI. 








JCC, 


UCC. 






OTC. 








TNA. 








EK, 


RSA, 


WAY. 




TKL. 








GAP, 


GGY, 


HMP. 




FMT. 








FMT. 








NOR. 








ARC, 


ASH, 


FIN, 


HUM. 


CCW, 


GLY, 


ICI, 


X. 


CIB, 


SNW. 






FOR. 








FIN. 








ACS. 








ARC, 


ASH. 






FOR. 








ARC, 


FOR. 






FOR. 








WYN. 








ACY. 








ACY. 








ACY, 


FMT. 







ACN, ACY, ACY, DUP, FTX, GCC, JDC, KET, MON, MSC, SHC. 

SOH, TER, VLN, WYC. 
ACN, AGY, BOR, CFA, CNC, COL, DUP, ESC, FCA, FTX, GCC, 

GOC, HKY, HPC, JDC, KET, MON, MSC, NIT, OMC, PLC, 

PPC, SHC, SNI, SOH, TER, VLN, WYC, x. 
ACN, ACY, AGY, DUP, GCC, GOC, HPC, JDC, MON, MSC, OMC, 

PPC, SHC, SNO, SOH, TER, VLN, WYC, x, x. 
DUP, MON, OTC. 
ACN, BOR, CNC, DUP, HKY, HPC, MSC, SHC, SNO, TER, WYC. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 229 

TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 
Nitrogenous Compounds — Continued 



Ufea peroxide 

Urea - Urethane compounds 

AH other nitrogenous compounds- 



Acids^ Aoid Anhydrides, and Aayl Halides 



•Acetic acid, synthetic, 100% 

*Acetic anhydride, 100%: 

From acet aldehyde 

From acetic acid 

From ethylene 

Aconitic acid 

* Aery lie acid 

*Adipic acid 

Azelaic acid 

Behenic acid 

2-Bromohexanoic acid 

tert-Butylperoxymaleic acid 

Butylstannoic acid 

Butyric acid 

Butyric anhydride 

Butyryl chloride 

Castor oil fatty acids, dehydrated 

•Chloroacetic acid, mono- 

Chloroacetyl chloride 

Chlorolevulinic acid 

Citric acid " 

Crotonic acid C2-Butenoic acid) 

Decanoyl chloride 

Dig ly colic acid 

Dithiodipropionic acid 

• Dodecenylsuccinic anhydride 

Dodecyl succinic anhydride 

2-Ethylbutyric acid (Diethylacetic acid) 

2-Ethylhexanoic acid (a-Ethylcaproic acid) 

2-Ethylhecanoyl chloride 

Formic acid, 90% 

*Fumaric acid 

'Gluconic acid, tech 

Glutaric anhydride 

Glycolic acid (Hydroxyacetic acid) 

n-Hexadecenylsuccinic anhydride 

Isethionic acid (2-Hydroxyethanesulfonic acid)- 

Isoas corbie acid 

Isobutyric acid 

Isobutyric anhydride 

Isohutyryl chloride 

Iso-octadecenylsuccinic anhydride 

Iso-octanoic acid 

Itaconic acid (Methylenesuccinic acid) 

2-Keto-D-gluconic acid 

Lactic acid: 

Edible, 100% 

Technical, 100% 

*Lauroyl chloride 

Levulinic acid 

Maleic acid 

•Maleic anhydride 

Malic acid 

Ma Ionic acid 

Mercaptoacetic acid (Thioglycolic acid) 

3-Mercaptopropionic acid 

Mercaptosuccinic acid (Thiomalic acid) 

Methacrylic acid 

Methanesulfonic acid 

2-Methylvaleric acid (2-Methylpentanoic acid)- 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



FMB. 
DUP. 
ACY, ALB, ALD, BJL, DUP, EK, EVN, JCC, GAF, GLY, 

KF, LIL, MOB, MRK, NCA, OMC, OTC, PFN, PIC, SDH, 

SEL, UCC, USB, x,x,x,x,x. 



BOR, CEL, EKT, HPC, PUB, UCC. 

HPC. 

CEL, EKT, FMP. 

UCC. 

PCW. PD. 

BFG, CEL, DBC, MMM, UCC. 

ACP, CEL, DUP, ELP, MON, RH. 

EMR. 

ASH. 

EK. 

WTL. 

CCW. 

CEL, EKT, UCC. 

EKT, UCC. 

HK, OTC. 

BAG, DA. 

BUK, DA, DOW, HPC, MON. 

DOW. 

CRZ. 

MLS, PFZ. 

EKT. 

CAD, UPR, WTL. 

DUP. 

EVN. 

ACS, HMY, MON. 

HN. 

UCC. 

EKT, UCC. 

UPR, WTL. 

DUP, SFI, UCC. 

ACS, HN, MON, PCC, PFZ, PTT. 

CWL, DLI, IBI, PFZ. 

UCC. 

DUP. 

HMY. 

GAF. 

MRK, PFZ. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

WTL. 

HMY. 

UCC. 

PFZ. 

MRK. 

CLN, MON. 

CLN, MON. 

CAD, GAF, HK, ONX, UPR, WTL. 

QKO. 



ACS, PFZ. 

ACS, HN, KPS, 

ACS, EK. PFN. 

KF. 

EVN, HAB. 

EVN. 

EVN. 

DUP, RH. 

EK, PAS. 

UCC. 



MON, PCC, PTT, RCI. 



230 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Manufacturers' identification codes, byproducts, 1968- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification cories 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Acids, Aoid Anhydrides, and Acyl ffaZides--Continued 

Neodecanoic acid 

Neoheptanoic acid 

Neopentanoic acid 

Nonanoic acid (Pelargonic acid) 

Noneny I succinic anhydride 

Octadecylphosphonic acid 

Octanoyl chloride 

Octenyl succinic anhydride 

Oleoyl chloride 

Oxalic acid 

PalmitoyI chloride 

Pelargonyl chloride 

Peroxy acetic acid 

Pivaloyl chloride 

Polyacrylic acid 

Poly gal acturonic acid 

♦Propionic acid 

Propionic anhydride 

Propionyl chloride 

Sebacic acid 

Sorbic acid (2,4-Hexadienoic acid) 

Succinic acid 

Succinic anhydride 

d-Tartaric acid 

Tetrahydroxysuccinic acid (Dioxytartaric acid) 

Thioacetic acid 

Thiolactic acid 

3,3'-Thiodipropionic acid 

Trichloroacetic acid 

Trichloroacetyl chloride 

Valeric acid 

All other 

Salts of Organic Acids 

*Acetic acid salts: 

Aluminum acetate 

Aluminum subacetate 

♦Ammonium acetate 

Barium acetate 

Cadmium acetate 

Calcium acetate 

Chromium acetate 

Cobalt acetate 

♦Copper acetate 

Dibutyltin diacetate 

Lead acetate 

Lead subacetate 

Lead tetraacetate 

Magnes ium acetate 

Manganese acetate 

Mercuric acetate 

Nickel acetate 

♦Potassium acetate 

Silver acetate 

♦Sodium acetate 

Sodium diacetate 

Strontium acetate 

♦Zinc acetate 

♦Zirconium acetate 

Adipic acid, ammonium salt 

Chloroacetic acid, sodium salt 

Citric acid salts: 

Ammonium citrate 

Calcium citrate ■• 

Ferric ammonium citrate 

Ferric citrate 

Ferrous calcium citrate 



ENJ. 








ENJ. 








ENJ. 








EMR, 


GIV. 






HMY. 








SM. 








HK. 








HMY. 








GAF. 








ACS, 


MAL, 


PFZ, 


SFI. 


GAF, 


OPC. 






WTL. 








FMB, 


UCC. 






WTL. 








DA, 


RH. 






SKG. 








CEL, 


COM, 


EKT, 


UCC. 


EKT, 


UCC. 






ABB, 


EK, 


OPC. 




RH, 


WTH. 






UCC. 








ACS, 


BKC. 






ACS. 








BKC. 








ACY. 








EK, 


EVN. 






EVN. 








ccw. 


EVN. 






DOW. 








EK. 








UCC. 








ABB, 


ALD, 


CLE, 


EK, 



ACY, 


UCC. 








MAL. 










ACS, 


BKC, 


MAL. 






ACS, 


BKC, 


MAL. 






BKC, 


MAL, 


SHP. 






ACS, 


BKC, 


ENJ, 


MAL. 




ACY. 










BKC, 


HSH, 


SHP. 






ACS, 


BKC, 


SHP, 


UCC. 




CCW. 










ACS, 


BKC, 


MAL. 






ACS, 


BKC, 


MAL. 






ARA, 


UCC. 








ACS, 


BKC. 








HSH, 


SHP. 








MAL. 










BKC, 


HSH, 


SHP. 






ACS, 


BKC, 


CWL, 


MAL, 


UCC. 


MAL. 










ACS, 


BKC, 


CEL, 


DAN, 


EKT, MAL 


UCC» 










BKC. 










ACS, 


BKC, 


HSH, 


MAL, 


SHP, SNW 


HSH, 


NTL, 


SNW, 


TZC. 




FIS. 










DOW. 










MAL, 


PFZ. 








PFZ. 










PFZ. 










MAL. 










BKL, 


MAL. 









MISCEUlANirOUS CHEMICALS 



231 



TABLE 2, --Miscellaneous chemicals: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

Salts of Organio /leids- -Continued 

Citric acid salts--Continued 

Potassium citrate 

Sodium citrate 

Cottonseed oil acids, calcium salt 

*2-Ethylhexanoic acid (a-Ethylcaproic acid) salts: 

Aluminum 2-ethylhexanoate 

Barium 2-ethylhexanoate 

Cadium 2-ethylhexanoate 

♦Calcium 2-ethylhexanoate 

*Cobalt 2-ethylhexanoate 

Cobalt lead manganese 2-ethylhexanoate 

Copper 2-ethylhexanoate 

Iron 2-ethylhexanoate 

*Lead 2-ethylhexanoate 

♦Manganese 2-ethylhexanoate 

Nickel 2-ethylhexanoate 

Potassium 2-ethylhexanoate 

Rare earths 2-ethylhexanoate 

Stannous 2-ethylhexanoate 

Strontium 2-ethylhexanoate 

*Zinc 2-ethylhexanoate 

Zirconium 2-ethylhexanoate 

Formic acid salts: 

Aluminum formate 

Ammonium formate 

Calcium formate 

Chromic formate 

Copper formate 

Lead formate 

Potass ium f ormat e 

Sodium formate, refined 

Sodium formate, tech 

Glucoheptonic acid salts: 

Sodium glucoheptonate 

Zinc glucoheptonate 

Gluconic acid salts: 

Ammonium gluconate 

*Sodium gluconate 

Glycolic acid salts: 

Aluminum glycolate 

Sodium glycolate 

9H-Hexadecafluorononanoic acid, ammonium salt 

Humic acids, sodium salts 

Isoascorbic acid, sodium salt 

Lactic acid salts: 

Ammonium lactate 

Calcium lactate 

Other 

Laurie acid salts: 

Barium cadmium laurate 

Dibutyltin dilaurate 

Zinc laurate 

*Linoleic acid salts: 

Calcium linoleate 

Cobalt linoleate 

Copper linoleate 

Lead linoleate 

Lead manganese linoleate 

Manganese linoleate 

Maleic acid salts: 

Dibutyltin maleate 

Lead (tribasic) maleate 

Malonic acid, calcium salt 

*Mercaptoacetic acid (Thioglycolic acid) salts: 

Ammoniiim mercaptoacetate 

Antimony mercaptoacetate 

Calcium mercaptoacetate 

Dibutyltin mercaptoacetate 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 

(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



MLS, PFZ. 
MLS, PFZ. 
PD. 



WTC. 
CCA. 
CCA. 
CCA, 
CCA, 
MCI. 
CCA. 
CCA. 
CCA, 
CCA, 
MCI. 
CCA. 
CCA. 
WTC. 
CCA. 
CCA, 
CCA, 



CCC, FER, HNX, HSH, MCI, SW. 

CCC, FER, HNX, HSH, MCI, SW, TRO, WTC. 



CCC, HNX, HSH, MCI, NTL, TRO, WTC. 
HNX, MCI, WTC. 



HNX, HSH, MCI. 
CCC, HNX, WTC. 



UCC, WSN. 

ACS, WSN. 

COM. 

GAP. 

CTN. 

NTL. 

CFC. 

ACS, BKC. 

COM, HPC, UCC. 

TBI. 
PFN. 



PFZ. 

CWL, DLI, IBI, PFZ, PMP. 

GIB. 
CFC. 
DUP. 
NLC. 
BAX, MRK. 



TCC. 
SHF. 
REH. 

CCA. 
CCA. 

SNW. 

CCA, MCI, SHP. 

SHP. 

HSH, SHP. 

SHP. 

SDH. 

SHP. 

CCA. 
NTL. 
GIV, KF. 

EVN, HAB, TNI. 

CCA. 

EVN. 

CCA. 



232 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 

(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC- -Continued 

Salts of Organic Acids — Continued 

*Mercaptoacetic acid (Thioglycolic acid) salts- -Continued 

Potassium mercaptoacetate 

Sodium mercaptoacetate 

Mercaptopropionic acid, dibutyltin salt 

Methylsuccinic acid, disodium salt 

Myristic acid, lithium salt 

Neodecanoic acid salts: 

Cadmium neodecanoate 

Calcium neodecanoate 

Lead neodecanoate 

Tributyltin neodecanoate 

Zinc neodecanoate 

*Octanoic acid (Caprylic acid) salts: 

Aluminum octanoate 

Barium cadmium octanoate 

Stannous octanoate 

Zinc octanoate 

*01eic acid salts: 

Aluminum oleate 

Ammonium oleate 

Barium zinc oleate 

Calcium oleate 

Chromium oleate 

Cobalt oleate 

Copper oleate 

Lead oleate 

Lithium oleate 

Manganese oleate 

Stannous oleate 

Zinc oleate 

Zirconium oleate 

Oxalic acid salts: 

Ammonium oxalate ■ — 

Copper oxalate 

Ferric ammonium oxalate 

Ferric oxalate 

Ferric sodium oxalate 

Ferrous oxalate 

Potassium binoxalate 

Potassium oxalate 

Sodium oxalate 

Palmitic acid salts: 

♦Aluminum palmitate 

Zinc palmitate 

Phosphorodithioic acid salts (Dithiophosphates) : 

Potassium dihexyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium di-sec-butyl diethyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium di-sec-butyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium diethyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium dihexyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium diisopropyl phosphorodithioate 

Other 

*Polyacrylic acid salts: 

Ammonium polyacrylate 

Sodium polyacrylate 

Polymethacrylic acid, sodium salt 

Propionic acid salts: 

*Calcium propionate 

*Sodium propionate 

Zinc propionate 

Ricinoleic acid salts: 

Calcium ricinoleate 

Lithium ricinoleate 

Sodium ethyl oxalacetate 

Sodium polypectate 

Sodium sorbitol borate 

Sorbic acid salts: 

Potassium sorbate 

Sodium sorbate 



EVN. 




EVN. 




CCA. 




SDW. 




CCW. 




CCA. 




CCA. 




CCA. 




CCW. 




CCA. 




DA. 




CCA. 




CCA, 


X 


BKC. 




WTC. 




MCI. 




WTC. 




MCI. 




SHP. 




MCI. 




MCI, 


SHP. 


MCI. 




MCI. 




MCI. 




CCW, 


X. 


EFH, 


MCI. 


MCI. 




ACS, 


BKC, PFZ 


CFC. 




PFZ. 




PFZ. 




PFZ. 




BKL. 




BKC. 




BKC, 


PFZ. 


BKC, 


MAL, SFI 



ACY, DA, mC. 
ACY, DA, WTC. 

ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY. 

BFG. 

ALC, BFG, Dfl, Gfffl, 30R, RH. 

CRD. 

HFT, PFZ, UCC, WSN. 
HFT, PFZ, UCC, WSN. 
BKC. 

BAG. 
BAG. 
FMP. 
SKG. 
APD. 

UCC. 
UCC. 



MBCELLANEOUSi CHEMICALS 233 

TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Manufacturers' identification codes, byproducts, 1968- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification code 

(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 
Salts of Organic >!cids- -Continued 



♦Stearic acid salts: 
'Aluminum stearates: 

'Aluminum distearate 

'Aluminum monostearate 

'Aluminum tristearate 

Ammonium stearate 

Barium stearate 

Cadmium stearate 

'Calcium stearate 

Cobalt stearate 

Copper stearate 

Ferric stearate 

Ferrous stearate 

Lead stearate--: 

Lead stearate, dibasic 

'Lithium stearate 

'Magnesium stearate 

Nickel stearate 

'Zinc stearate 

All other 

Succinic acid, sodium salt 

Sugar acids, sodium salt 

Tartaric acid salts: 

Antimony potassium tartrate 

Potassium sodium tartrate 

Sodium bitartrate 

Vinylsulfonic acid, sodium salt-- 

Xanthic acid salts: 

Potassium n-butylxanthate 

Potassium ethylxanthate 

Potassium hexylxanthate--- 

Potassium isopropylxanthate 

Potassium pentylxanthate 

Potassium sec-pentylxanthate — 

Sodium n-butylxanthate 

Sodium sec-butylxanthate 

Sodium ethylxanthate 

Sodium isobutylxanthate 

Sodium isopropylxanthate 

All other salts of organic acids- 



Aldehydes and Ketones 



'Acetaldehyde 

'Acetone: 

From cumene 

'From isopropyl alcohol 

Other 

Acrolein (Aery I aldehyde) 

Aldol (Acetaldol) 

'2-Butanone (Methyl ethyl ketone) 

Butyraldehyde 

Capro lac tone 

'Chloral (Trichloroacetaldehyde) 

S-Chloro-2-pentanone 

I-Chloro-l-penten-3-one (Chlorovinyl ethyl ketone) - 

Chloro-2-propanone (Chloroacetone) 

Crononaldehyde 

Dichloroacetaldehyde 

Dihydropseudoionone 

l,4-Dihydroxy-2-butanone 

I,3-Dihydroxy-2-propanone (Dihydroxyacetone) 

2-Ethylbutyraldehyde 

2-EthyIhexanaI (ct-Ethylcaproaldehyde)- 

Ethyl propyl acrolein 

'Formaldehyde (37% by weight) 



Glutaraldehyde- 



ACY 

DA, 

DA, 

DA, 

DA, 

DA, 

ACY 

WTC 

NOC 

MCI 

NOC 

MCI 

NTL 

DA, 

ACY, 

WTC 

ACY, 

APD 

MAL. 

HMP, 

PFZ. 
PFZ. 
PFZ. 



USR. 
ACY, 
DOW. 
DOW. 
ACY, 
DOW. 
KCC, 
ACY, 
ACY, 
DOW. 
ACY, 
CCW, 



DA, JTC, MAL, NOC, PEN, SYP, WTC. 

JTC, MAL, SYP, WTC. 

MAL, NOC, PEN, SYP. 

NOC, WTC. 

NOC, PEN, SYP. 

PEN, SYP, WTC. 

DA, HNX, JTC, MAL, NOC, PEN, SYP, WTC. 

WTC. 
NOC. 
WTC. 
NTL, WTC. 

PEN, SYP, WTC. 
DA, JTC, MAL, NOC, PEN, SYP, WTC. 

CCA, DA, HNX, JTC, MAL, NOC, PEN, SYP, WTC. 
NOC. 



USR. 
DOW. 
DOW. 



EK, EVN, FIN, KCH, SYP, UCC, x. 



CEL, COM, DUP, EKT, EKX, HPC, MON, PUB, SHC, UCC. 



ACP, CLK, HPC, MON, SHC, 


SKO, 


SOC, 


UCC. 


EKT, ENJ, SHC, UCC. 








CEL, DIX, HPC. 








SHC, UCC. 








UCC. 








CEL, DIX, ENJ, SHC, SPI, 


UCC. 






CEL, EKX, UCC. 








UCC. 








DA, FMB, GGY, MTO. 








SDW. 








X. 








EL, MRK. 








CEL, EKT, UCC. 








FMB, 








GIV. 








GAF. 








BAX. 








UCC. 








EKX, UCC. 








UCC. 








ACN, ACP, BOR, CBC, CEL, 


COM, 


DUP, 


GAF, GOC, HKD 


HN, HPC, MON, RCI, RH, 


UCC. 






UCC. 









234 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 
Aldehydes and Ketones — Continued 



Glyoxal 

2-Heptanone (Methyl amyl ketone) 

Heptyl methyl ketone 

Hexaldehyde 

2,5-Hexanedione (Acetonylacetone) 

2-Hydroxy-2-methyl-3-butanone 

*4-HydrDxy.4-methyi-2-pentanone (Diacetone alcohol) -- 

Isobutyraldehyde 

Isodecaldehyde, mixed isomers 

Isovalerone (Diisobutyl ketone) 

Lactide {3,6-Dimethyl-2,5-p-dioxanedione) 

Me thoxyacet aldehyde 

4-Methoxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone 

5-Methyl-2-hexanone CMethyl isoamyl ketone) 

Methyl nonyl ketone 

*4-Methyl-2-pentanone (Methyl isobutyl ketone) 

4-Methyl-3-penten-2-one (Mesityl oxide) 

Methylpseudoionone 

2-Methylvaleraldehyde (2-Methylpentaldehyde) 

Paraformaldehyde 

Paraldehyde (Paracetaldehyde) 

2,4-Pentanedione (Acetyl acetone) 

3-Pentanone (Diethyl ketone) 

Propionaldehyde 

Pseudoionone 

Tetrahydropseudoionone 

2,6,8-Trimethyl-4-nonanone (Isobutyl heptyl ketone)- 

Valeraldehyde 

All other 



AtooholSj Monohydri-Oy Vnsubstituted 

•Alcohols C9 or lower, unmixed: 

Allyl alcohol 

Amyl alcohols: 

2-Methyl-l-butanol 

2-Methyl-2-butanol (tert-Amyl alcohol) 

1-Pentanol 

2-Pentanol 

Butyl alcohols: 
Primary: 

*Iso (Isopropylcarbinol) 

•Normal (n- Propylcarbinol) 

Secondary (Methyl ethylcarbinol) 

Tertiary (Trimethylcarbinol) 

2,6-Dimethyl-4-heptanol (Diisobutylcarbinol)- 

•Ethyl alcohol, synthetic 

*2-Ethyl-l-hexanol 

2-Ethyl-4-raethyl-l-pentanol 

Heptyl alcohol 

•Hexyl alcohol 

Hexynol 

*Iso-octyl alcohols 

*Isopropyl alcohol 

Methallyl alcohol 

•Methanol, synthetic 



2-Methyl-3-butyn-2-ol 

4-Methyl-2-pentanol ( 1-Methyl isobutyl carbinol) - 

3-Methyl-l-pentyn-3-ol (Methylparafynol) 

Nonyl alcohols 

*1-Octanol 

*2-0ctanol (sec-Capryl alcohol) 

Octanols, other 

Propyl alcohol (Propanol) 

2-Propyn-l-ol 

All other 



Manufacturers' identification codes 

(See Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



ucc. 






ucc. 






ARC. 






EKX, 


GIV. 




ACI, 


RBC, 


UCC. 


LIL. 






CEL, 


SHC, 


UCC. 


EKX, 


UCC. 




UCC. 






EKT, 


UCC. 




CLN. 






JCC. 






SHC. 






EKT, 


UCC. 




ARC. 






EKT, 


ENJ. 


SHC, UCC. 


SHC, 


UCC. 




GIV. 






UCC. 






CEL, 


HN. 




UCC. 






UCC. 






HEX. 






EKX, 


UCC. 




GIV, 


UCC. 




GIV. 






UCC. 






UCC. 






ALD, 


CEL, 


CLE, EK, 



DOW, SHC. 




UCC. 




ENJ, SHC. 




UCC. 




UCC. 




DBC, EKX, SHC, UCC. 




CEL, CO, DBC, EKX, ENJ, SHC, TNA, UCC. 




ENJ, SHC. 




SHC. 




UCC. 




CEL, DUP, EKX, ENJ, HPC, PUB, SHC, UCC 


USI. 


CEL, EKX, ENJ, SHC, UCC. 




EKX. 




EKX, GOC. 




CO, EKX, ENJ, PG, TNA, UCC. 




cue, LIL, X. 




ENJ, GOC, HOU, PCC, TID, UCC. 




ENJ, SHC, UCC. 




BPC. 




ACN, BOR, CEL, COM, DUP, ESC, GOC, HN, 


HPC, MON 


RH, UCC. 




cue. 




SHC, UCC. 




cue. 




ENJ, GOC. 




CO, DUP. 




RH, WTH. 




IFF, PG. 




CEL, EKX, UCC. 




GAF. 




cue, EK, GYR, uee, x. 





MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 235 

TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Manufacturers' identification codes, byproducts, 1968- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 
Alcohols, Monohydno, Untubstituted--Continued 

•Alcohols C|u or higher, unmixed: 

*Decyl alcohols 

3,9-Diethyl-6-tridecanol 

3,6-Dimethyl-3-octanoI 

Dodecyl alcohol (Lauryl alcohol) (95%) 

7-Ethyl-2-methyl-4-hendecanol 

4-Ethyl-l-octyn-3-ol 

*l-Hexadecanol (Cetyl alcohol) (95%) 

*Wexadecyl alcohols, other 

1-Octadecanol (Stearyl alcohol) (95%) 

cis-9-Octadecen-l-ol (Oleyl alcohol) 

Tetradecyl alcohols 

1-Tridecanol 

2,6,8-Trimethyl-4-nonanol 

All other 

•Mixtures of alcohols: 

•Cg and lower only; 

Amyl alcohols 

Other 

Cjj and higher only 

Cg to Ci2 and others 



Polyhydnc Alcohols and their Esters and Ethers 



•Polyhydric alcohols: 

1,4-Butanediol 

l,2(and l,3)-Butanediol (Butylene glycol) 

1,2,4-Butanetriol 

2-Butene-l,4-diol 

2-Butyne-l,4-diol 

3-Chloro-I,2-propanediol (Glycerol a-chlorohydrin)- 

1, 10-Decanediol 

2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-hexanediol 

2,5-Dimethyl-3-hexyne-2,5-diol 

2,2-Dimethyl-l,3-propanediol (Neopentyl glycol) 

•Ethylene glycol 



2-Ethyl-l,3-hexanediol 

2- Ethy 1-2- (hydroxymethy 1 ) - 1 , 3-propanedio 1 (Trimethy lo 1 
propane) . 

Glycerol, synthetic 

1,6-Hexanediol 

2-(Hydroxymethyl)-2-methyl-l,3-propanediol (Trimethy lol- 
ethane) . 

Mann'itol ^ 

3-Mercapto-l,2-propanediol (Thioglycerol) 

Methylglycerol 

2-Methyl-2,4-pentanediol (Hexylene glycol) 

2-Methyl-2-propyl-l,3-propanediol 

1,9-Nonanediol 

•Pentaerythritol 

•Propylene glycol (l;2-Propanediol)- 

•Sorbitol 

2,2,4-Trimethyl-l,3-pentanediol 

All other 

•Polyhydric alcohol esters: 

1,3-Butanediol dimethacrylate 

2- (2-Butoxyethoxy)ethyl acetate 

2- But oxy ethyl acetate 



CO, DUP, ENJ, GOC, rou, PCC, PG, TID, UCC. 



UCC. 






cue. 






CO, DUP. 






UCC. 






cue. 






ASH, DUP 


GIV. 




CO, ENJ, 


PG. 




ASH, CO, 


DUP, PG. 




ASH, DUP 






CO, DUP, 


PG, UCC. 




ENJ, GOC 


HOU, TID 


UCC 


UCC. 






CO. 






ENJ, PUB 


UCC. 




CEL, EKX 


GOC. 




aSH^ CO, 


ENJ, GOC, 


ICI, 



PG, SHC, TNA. 



CO, EKX, PG, TNA. 



GAP. 






CEL. 






GAP,. 






GAP. 






GAP. 






EVN. 






NEP. 






cue. 






cue. 






EKX. 






AGP, APD, CAU, CEL, DOW, 


DUP, 


EKX, 


OMC, SHC, UCC, WYN. 






UCC. 






CEL. 






APD, DOW, SHC. 






CEL. 






COM. 






APD. 






EVN. 






APD. 






CEL, SHC, UCC. 






ABB, BKL, COM, ICO. 






ASH. 






CEL, COM, HN, HPC, RCI . 






APD, CEL, DOW, DUP, JCC, 


OMC, 


UCC 


APD, BRD, MRK, PFZ. 






EKX. 






APD, cue, PHR, UCC. 






SAR. 






EKT, UCC. 






UCC. 







GAP, HCH, JCC, MAT, 



236 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2, --Miscellaneous chemicals: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968 — Continued 



Chemical 



Kanufacturers ' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



MISCELLAWEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 
Polyhydrio Alcohols and their Esters and £'t>!ers--Continued 

ftPolyhydric alcohol esters — Continued 

Diethylene glycol chloroformate 

2-C2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethyl acetate 

2-Ethoxyethyl acetate 

Ethylene glycol diacetate 

Ethylene glycol diraercaptoacetate 

Ethylene glycol dimethacrylate 

Ethylene glycol hydroxyacetate 

2-Ethyl-2-(hydroxymethyl)-l, 3-propanediol triraethacryl- 

ate. 

Glyceryl monoacetate (Monoacetin) 

Glyceryl triacetate (Triacetin) 

Glyceryl trioleate 

Glycol adipate 

Hydroxyethyl methacrylate 

Hydroxj'propyl methacrylate 

2-Kethoxyet,hyl acetate 

Methoxytriethyleneglycol acetate 

Pentaerythritol canrylate 

Pentaerythritol distearate 

Pentaerythritol pelargonate 

Polyethylene glycol dimethacrylate 

Sucrose octa-acetate 

Tetraethylene glycol dimethacrylate 

Triethylene glycol dimethacrylate 

2,2,lj-Trimethyl-l,3-pentanediol monoisobutyrate 

All other 

sPolyhydric alcohol ethers: 

3-(Allyloxy)-l,2-propanediol (Allyl glyceryl ether) 

Bis(2-hutoxyethyl) ether (Diethylene glycol dl-n-butyl 

ether). 
Bis(2-ethoxyethyl) ether (Diethylene "lycol diethyl 

ether) . 

Bis (hydroxyethyl) ether butynediol 

Bisi2-(2-methoxjfethoxy)ethyl] ether (Tetraethylene 

glycol dimethyl ether. 
Bis(2-methoxyethyl) ether (Diethylene glycol dimethyl 

ether). 

»2-Butoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether) 

2_(2_Butoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol monobutyl 

ether). 
2-[2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene glycol 

monobutyl ether). 

l-Butoxyethoxy-2-propanol 

■»Diethylene glycol 



Dimethoxyethane (Ethylene glycol dimethyl ether) 

»Dipropylene glycol 

«2-Ethoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether) 

»2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethanol (methylene glycol monoethyl 

ether) . 
*2-[2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene glycol 
monoethyl ether). 

2-[2-(Hexyloxy)ethoxy]ethanol 

Isobutoxyethanol 

l-lEobutoxy-2-propanol (Propylene glycol isobutyl ether)- 

»2-Kethoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol raonomethyl ether) 

•»-2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol monomethyl 

ether). 
«2-[2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene glycol 
monomethyl ether) . 
2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethyl 2-methoxyethyl ether (Triethyl- 
ene glycol dimethyl ether). 

Methoxypolyethylene glycol 

l-Methoxy-2-propanol 

3-(3-Methoxypropoxy)propanol 



PPG. 

EKT. 

GEL, DOW, EKT, EN J, UCC. 

EKT, liCC. 

EVW. 

CTM, SAR. 

CCA. 

SAR. 

HAL. 

EKT, UCC. 
GRO, HAL. 

X. 

AAC, JCC. 

JCC. 

EKT, UCC. 

RBC. 

DRW. 

EMR. 

DRW. 

SAR. 

PD. 

SAR. 

SAR. 

EEC. 

EK, GLY, SAR, UCC, X. 

SHC. 
UCC. 



GAE. 
ASL. 



ASL, CMC. 

DOW, JCC, OKC, SHC, UCC. 
DOW, SHC, UCC. 

DOW, OHC, UCC. 

UCC. 

ACP, CAU, DOW, EKX, GAF, HCK, JCC, VA1, OMC, SHC, UCC, 

vmi. 

ASL. 

CEL, DOW, JCC, OMC, UCC. 

DOW, JCC, OKC, UCC. 

DOW, JCC, OMC, UCC. 

DOW, OMC, UCC. 

UCC. 

UCC. 

DOW. 

DOW, JCC, HCH, OMC, UCC. 

DOW, JCC, HCH, OMC, UCC. 

DOW, OKC, UCC. 

ASL. 

JCC, UCC. 
DOW, JCC, UCC. 
DOW, JCC, UCC. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 237 

TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 

(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Potyhydria Alcohols and their Esters and Ethers- -Continued 



Polyhydric alcohol ethers--Continued 

3 [ 3- ( 3-Methoxypropoxy ) propoxy 1 ] propane 1- 

Methyl butynoxyethanol 

Polybutylene glycol 

Polyethoxyethylglycerol 

Polyethoxyethylsorbitol 

'Polyethylene glycol 



*Polypropoxy ethers: 

'Glycerol tri (polyoxypropylene) ether- 
*Other 

*Propypropylene glycol 

Polytetramethylene ether glycol 

Tetraethylene glycol 

I, 1,3,3-Tetramethoxypropane 

2,2'-Thiodiethanol (Thiodiglycol) 

*Triethylene glycol 

Tripropylene glycol 

All other 



Esters of Monohydrio Alcohols 



Allyl methacrylate 

Amy I acetates, 90%: 

loopentyl acetate (Isoamyl acetate) - 
Mixed 

Butyl acetates: 



Iso- 



*Nornial 

Secondary 

Tertiary 

*Butyl aery late 

n- Butyl 4, 4-bisCtert-butylperoxy) valerate 

Butyl chloroacetate 

Butyl lactate 

Butyl maleate, mono 

tert -Butyl peroxyacetate 

tert- Butyl peroxy-2-ethylhexanoate 

tert -Butyl peroxyisobutyrate 

tert- Butyl peroxyisopropyl carbonate 

ter»-- Butyl peroxypivalate 

Cetyl lactate 

Diallyl maleate 

*Dibutyl fumarate 

*Dibutyl maleate 

Di (sec-butyl) peroxydi carbonate 

Diethyl sec-butylethylmalonate 

Diethyl butylmalonate 

Diethyl sec-butylmalonate 

Diethyl carbonate CEthyl carbonate) 

Diethyl diethylmalonate (Diethyl malonic ester) 

Diethyl (ethoxymethylene)malonate 

Diethyl ethylraalonate (Ethyl malonic ester) 

Diethyl ethyl(l-methylbutyl)maIonate (Ethyl-1-methyI 
butyl malonic ester). 

Di(2-ethyl-l-hexyl) fumarate 

Di(2-ethyl-l-hexyl) maleate 

Di(2-ethyl-l-hexyl) peroxydicarbonate 

Diethyl maleate 

Diethyl raalonate (Malonic ester) 

Diethyl (l-methylbutyl)malonate 

Diethyl methylmalonate 

Diethyl oxalate (Ethyl oxalate) 

Diisobutyl maleate 

Di-iso-nonyl maleate 

Diisopropyl peroxydicarbonate (Isopropyl percarbonate)- 

Dilauryl maleate 

•Dilauryl 3, 3'-thiodipropionate 

Dimethyl acetylenedicarboxylate 



DOW. 

cue. 

NLC. 
GLY. 

APD, GLY, TCH. 

ACP, DA, DOW, DUP, GAP, HDG, JCC, MAT, NLC, OMC, 
UCC, WYN. 

JCC, OMC, UCC, WYN. 

ACS, APD, DA, JCC, UCC, WYN. 

DOW, JCC, HDG, NLC, OMC, UCC, WYN. 

QKO, x. 

DOW, UCC. 

KF, UCC. 

PIC, UCC. 

ACP, CAU, DOW, GAP, HCH, JCC, MAT, OMC, UCC. 

DOW, HDG, UCC. 

DOW, EK, EKX, GAP, PIC, UCC, WYN. 



PFW, 


PUB, 


UCC 




EKT, 


ENJ, 


PUB, 


UCC. 


GEL, 


EKT, 


ENJ 


PUB, SHC, UCC 


ENJ, 


HPC, 


PUB 


SHC. 


EK. 








CEL, 


DBC, 


RH, 


UCC. 


WTL. 








MON. 








COM. 








PCC. 








AZT, 


WTL. 






AZT, 


WTL. 






AZT, 


WTL. 






PPG, 


WTL. 






AZT, 


WTL. 






VND. 








FMP. 








MON, 


PFZ, 


RCI, 


RUB. 


cue, 


DUP, 


MON, 


RCI, RUB. 


WTL. 








ABB. 








BPC. 








ABB. 








CTN, 


FMP, 


OTC. 




BPC, 


LIL. 






KF. 








LIL. 








ABB. 








RUB. 








HRT, 


RUB. 




WTL. 








ACY, 


UCC. 






ABB, 


KF, 


LIL. 




ABB, 


LIL. 






BPC. 








BKL, 


FMP. 






RUB. 








RUB. 








PPG, 


WTL. 






EFH. 








ACY, 


CCW, 


EVN, 


HAB. 


EK. 









8-333 O - 70 - 16 



238 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Manufacturers' identification codes, byproducts, 1968- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 

(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC- -Continued 
Esters of Monohydina 4Zeo?ioZs--Continued 



Dimethyl carbonate 

2,S-Diniethylhexane 2,S-diperoctoate 

Dimethyl maleate 

Dimethyl malonate 

Dimethyl methoxymethylene malonate 

Di(4-methyl-2-pentyl) maleate 

Dimyristyl 3,3'-thiodipropionate 

Dioctyl fumarate 

*Dioctyl maleate 

*Dis teary 1 3,3'- thiodipropionat e 

Dithiobis(stearyl propionate) 

Ditridecyl maleate 

Di(tridecyl) 3,3' - thiodipropionat e 

*Ethyl acetate (85%) 

Ethyl acetoacetate 

* Ethyl aery late 

Ethyl chloroacetate 

Ethyl chloroformate 

Ethylene carbonate 

Ethyl formate 

2-Ethyl-l-hexyl acetate 

*2-Ethyl-l-hexyl aery late 

2-Ethyl-I-hexyI methacrylate 

Ethyl idene diacetate 

Ethyl propionate 

Ethyl silicate (Tetraethoxysilane) 

Ethyl sulfate (Dtethyl sulfate) 

Ethyl thioglycolate 

Fatty acid esters, not included with plasticizers 
surface-active agents: 

Dimethyl brassy late 

Ethyl stearate 

Hexadecyl stearate 

Isopropyl linoleate 

Methyl esters of coconut oil 

Methyl esters of tallow 

Methy 1 1 2-hy droxy s t earate 

Methyl st earate 

Myristyl myristate 

All other 

Hexyl acetate 

n-Hexyl aery late 

*IsobutyI aery late 

Isobutyl isobutyrate 

Isodecyl aery late 

*Iso-octyl mercaptoacetate 

Iso-octyl 3-mercaptopropionate 

*Isopropyl acetate 

I sopropy 1 ch 1 orof ormat e 

Lauryl lactate 

Methallyl idene diacetate 

Methy I acetate 

Methyl acetoacetate 

Methyl acrylate, monomer 

Methyl borate 

Methyl chloroacetate 

Methyl chloroformate 

Methyl di chloroacetate 

Methy 1 formate 

*Methyl methacrylate, monomer 

4-Methyl-2-pentyl acetate 

Methyl sulfate (Dimethyl sulfate) 

Methyl vinyl acetate 

Myristyl lactate 

Octadecy 1 3-mercaptopropionate 



CTN, OTC. 






UPR. 






AAC. 






KF. 






KF. 






RUB. 






CCW. 






RCI. 






MON, PCC, 


RCI. 




ACY, CCW, 


EVN, HAB. 




EVN. 






RUB. 






ACY, EVN. 






CEL. EKT, 


EKX, ENJ, HPC, MON 


EKT, UCC. 






CEL, DBC, 


RH, UCC. 




DOW, KF, 


MON. 




CTN, FMP, 


OTC. 




JCC. 






COM. 






EKT, UCC. 






CEL, DBC, 


UCC. 




X. 






CEL. 






NW. 






SFA, UCC. 






UCC. 






EVN. 






EMR. 






ICO. 






ICI. 






VND. 






PC. 






BFR, CHL, 


DA, HUM. 




BAC, HUM. 






DA. 






VND. 






CCA, DA, 


EMR, ICI. 




ENJ. 






UCC. 






DBC, RH, 


UCC. 




EKX. 






UCC. 






CCW, EVN, 


HAB. 




EVN. 






EKT, ENJ, 


HPC, UCC. 




CTN, PPG 






VND. 






UCC. 






EK, UCC. 






EKT, UCC 






CEL, DBC 


RH. 




MHI, SFA 






DOW, KF. 






CTN, FMP 






KF, PD. 






DUP. 






ACY, DUP 


RH. 




PUB, SHC, UCC. 




DUP. 






UCC. 






VND. 






EVN. 







PUB, UCC. 



MISCELLANEOXB CHEMICALS 239 

TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 
Esters of Monohydria Alcohols- -Continued 



•Phosphorus acid esters: 

Bis(2-ethylhexyl) hydrogen phosphate--- 
Bis(2-ethylhexyl) hydrogen phosphite--- 

Butyl phosphates 

Dibutyl butyl phosphonate 

Dibutyl hydrogen phosphite 

Didodecyl hydrogen phosphate 

Diethyl phosphorochloridothionate 

Diisopropyl hydrogen phosphite 

Dimethy 1 methy Iphosphonat e 

Dimethyl phosphorochloridothionate 

Dioleyl hydrogen phosphite 

Iso-octyl phosphate 

Methyl phosphates 

Oleyl hydrogen phosphate 

Tr i amy 1 phosphite 

Tributyl phosphate 

Triblityl phosphite 

Tridecyl phosphite 

Tri ethyl phosphite 

Tri iso-octyl phosphite 

Tri i sop ropy 1 phosphite 

Trimethyl phosphate 

Tr imethy 1 phosphite 

Trioctyl phosphite 

Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphite 

Tris(chloroisopropyl) thionophosphate- 

Tris(2,3-dibromopropyl) phosphate 

Tris(l,3-dichloroisopropyl phosphate-- 

Tris(2-ethylhexyl) phosphite 

Tris(octadecyl) phosphite 

All other 

Propyl acetate 

Propy 1 ene carbonat e 

Tetraoctyl orthosilicate 

Titanic acid esters: 

Tetrabutyl titanate 

Tetrais opropy 1 titanate 

Tetrakis(2-ethylhexyl) titanate 

Other 

Triethyl orthoacetate 

Tri ethyl orthoformate 

Triethyl orthopropionate 

Triisodecyl orthoformate 

Trimethyl orthoformate 

*Vinyl acetate, monomer 

All other 



Halogenated Hydrocarbons 



1-Bromobutane (n-Butyl bromide^ 

2-Bromobutane (sec-Butyl bromide) 

Bromochloromethane 

l-Bromo-3-chloropropane (Trimethylenechlorobromide)- 

2-Bromo-2-chloro-l,l,l-trifluoroethane 

1-Bromododecane 

Bromoethane (Ethyl bromide) 

l-Bromo-3-methylbutane (Isoaiiiyl bromide) 

l-Bromo-3-methyl-2-butene 

1-Bromo-octadecane 

1-Bromopentane (n-Amyl bromide) 

2-Bromopentane (1-Methylbutyl bromide) 

1-Bromopropane (n-Propyl bromide) 

2-Bromopropane (Isopropyl bromide) 

3-Bromopropene (Allyl bromide) 

Bromotrichloromethane 

Bromotrifluoromethane 

*Carbon tetrachloride 



SM, 

SM. 
SM. 
SM. 



SM. 

COM. 

SFI, 



TNA. 

SM. 

HK. 

SM. 

TNA. 

MCH. 

MCH. 

SM. 

SM. 

ALD, 

CEL, 

DOW, 

MON. 



DUP, EK, MON, SM, TNA. 

EKT, PUB, UCC. 

JCC. 



DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
EK, KF. 
KF. 
KF. 
KF. 
KF. 

BOR, CEL, cue, DUP, MON, NSC, UCC. 
ALD, CCA, CEL, DUP, EFH, EK, EMR, FMP, GAP, OTC, 
PIC, PCC, RH, TNI, UCC. 



ABB, 


BPC, 


MCH 


ABB, 


BPC, 


EK. 


DOW. 






DOW, 


MCH. 




ICI. 






EK, 


GAF. 




DOW, 


MCH. 




LIL. 






SDW. 






GAF. 






BPC, 


CLB. 




ABB, 


LIL. 




BPC, 


EK. 




BPC. 






DOW. 






MCH. 






DUP. 






ACS 


DA, 


DOW, 



240 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 

(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

Halogenated flydroearfcons- -Continued 

♦Chlorinated paraffins: 

Less than 35% chloride 

35%-64% chlorine 

65% or more chlorine 

2-Chloro-l,3-butadiene 

1-Chlorobutane (n-Butyl chloride) 

2-Chlorobutane (sec-Butyl chloride) 

l-Chloro-l,l-dif luoroethane 

•Chlorodifluoromethane 

•Chloroethane (Ethyl chloride) 

'Chloroform 

*Chloromethane (Methyl chloride) 

2-Chloro-2-methylpropane (tert-Butyl chloride) 

3-Chloro-2-methylpropene (Methallyl chloride) 

Chloropentaf luoroethane 

3-Chloropropene (Allyl chloride) 

Chlorotrif luoroethylene (Trifluorovinyl chloride) 

Chlorotrifluoroethylene, polymerized 

*Chlorotrifluorome thane 

1,2-Dibromo-l, 1-dichloroethane 

Dibromodifluoromethane 

1,2-DibroiiioethaBe (Ethylene dibromide) 

Dibromomethane (Methylene bromide) 

1,2-Dibromo-l, 1, 2,2- tetraf luoroethane 

Dich 1 orobut adiene 

l,3-Dichloro-2-butene 

1,4-Dichlorobutene 

*Dichlorodifluoromethane 

*l,2-Dichloroethane (Ethylene dichloride) 

*Dichloromethane (Methylene chloride) 

*l,2-Dichloropropane (Propylene dichloride) 

2,3-Dichloropropene 

*Dichlorotetraf luoroethane 

1,1-Dif luoroethane 

Dif luorotetrachloroethane 

Diiodomethane (Methylene iodide) 

Hexaf luoropropy 1 ene , monomer 

lodobutane (Butyl iodide) 

lodoethane (Ethyl iodide), tech 

Iodoform (Triiodomethane) 

•lodomethane (Methyl iodide) 

1-Iodoperf luorohexane 

Lauryl chlorides 

Octafluorocyclobutane 

1,1,2, 2-Tetrabromoethane (Acetylene tetrabromide) — 

Tetrabromoe thane 

1, 1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane (Acetylene tetrachloride) - 

*Tetrachloroethylene (Perch loroethyl ene) 

Tetraf luoroethylene, monomer 

Tetrafluoroethylene, polymer 

Tetraf luoromethane 

*l,l,l-Trichloroethane (Methyl chloroform) 

1,1,2-Trichloroethane (Vinyl trichloride) 

*Trichloroethylene 

*Trichlorof luoromethane 

1,2,3-Trichloropropane 

1,2,3-Trichloropropene 

Trichlorotrif luoroethane 

Vinyl bromide (Bromoethylene) 

*Vinyl chloride, monomer (Chloroethylene) 

Vinyl fluoride 

Vinylidene chloride, mcnomer {1,1-Dichloroethylene)- 

Vinylidene fluoride 

All other 



CCH, DA, 


DV, HK, HPC, ICI, KPS, NEV. 


DVC, NEV 




DUP. 




PUB, UCC 




PLC. 




ACS, DUP 




ACS, DUP, 


KAI, PAS, UCC. 


AME, DOW, 


HPC, PPG, SHC, TNA. 


ACS, DA, 


DOW, DUP, FRO, SFI. 


ACS, ANM, 


DCC, DOW, DUP, FRO, TNA, UCC. 


EK. 




FMP. 




DUP. 




DOW, SHC. 




ACS, Mm. 




HK, MMM. 




DUP, PAS, 


UCC. 


DOW. 




DOW. 




DOW, ETD, 


HCH, MCH. 


DOW, UCC. 




DUP. 




DUP. 




DUP. 




DUP. 




ACS, DUP, 


KAI, PAS, UCC. 


AME, BFG, 


CO, DA, DOW, JCC, MON, PPG, TNA, UCC, WYN 


ACS, DA, 


DOW, DUP, FRO, SFI. 


DOW, JCC, 


UCC. 


DOW, UCC. 




ACS, DUP, 


UCC. 


ACS, DUP. 




DUP, UCC 




NTB. 




DUP. 




RSA. 




CLB, EK, 


FMT, RSA. 


NTB. 




CLB, EK, 


FMT, RSA. 


TEK. 




DUP. 




DOW. 




DOW. 




DUP. 




DA, DOW, 


DUP, FRO, HK, PPG, SFI, TNA, TV\. 


DUP. 




DUP, PAS 




DUP. 




DOW, PPG, 


TNA. 


DOW. 




DOW, DUP, 


HK, PPG, TNA, TTX. 


ACS, DUP, 


KAI, PAS, UCC. 


DOW, SHC 




DOW, UCG- 




ACS, DUP, 


PAS, ucg. 


DOW. 




AME, BFG, 


CO, DA, DOW, GNT, HN, MON, MNO, PPG, 


TNA, UCC. 



DUP, EK, GAF, PAS, PIC. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 241 

TABLE 2. — MisceUaneous chemicals: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACTCLIC — Continued 
All Other Miscellaneous Aayalia Chemicals 

Acetyl peroxide 

Alkyl sulfides, mixed 

Aluminum isopropoxide (Aluminum isopropylate) 

»2-Butanone peroxide 

tert- Butyl hydroperoxide 

s-tert-Butyl peroxide (Di-tert-butyl peroxide) 

Butyrolactone — 

Caprolactone 

*Carbon disulfide 

2-Chloroethanol (Ethylene chlorohydrln) 

Decanoyl peroxide 

Dialdehyde starch 

2,ij-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutyric acid, gammalactone 

(Pantolactone). 
2 , 5-Dime thyl- 2 , S-bi s ( 2 -e thyl-1-hexanoylperoxy) hexane— 

2,5-I>imethyl-2,5-di(tert-butylperoxy)hexane 

2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di(tert-butylperoxy)hexyne-3 

2, 5-Dime thyl-2,5-dihydroperoxyhexane 

Epoxides, ethers, and acetals: 

Acetone dimethylacetal (2,2-Diraethoxypropane) 

l-(Allyloxy)-2,3-epoxypropane (Allyl glycidyl ether)- 

Bis(2-chloroethoxy)methane (Dichloroethylforraal) 

Bis(2-chloroethyl) ether (Dichlorodiethyl ether) 

Bls(2-chloro-l-methylethyl) ether (Dichloroisopropyl 
ether). 

l-Butoxy-2,3-epoxypropane (Butyl glycidyl ether) 

Butylene oxide 

Butyl ether (Di-n-butyl ether) 

Butyl vinyl ether 

2-Chloro-l,l-dimethoxyethane (Dimethyl chloracetal)— 

2-Chloroethyl vinyl ether 

Chloromethyl methyl ether 

2,2-Dichloro-l,l-difluoroethyl methyl ether 

*Epi chlorohydrln 

«Ethylene oxide 

»Ethyl ether: 

Absolute -— 

Tech. 

U.S.P. 

Ethyl vinyl ether — — 

Glycidol ( 2, 3-Epoxy-l-prGpanol) 

Isobutyl vinyl ether _____ 

»Isopropyl ether — -— 

Methylal (Dimethoxymethane)- — 

»Methyl ether (Dimethyl ether) 

Methyl vinyl ether _ ■ 

■"■Propylene oxide 

Other 

Ethanedithiol 

Ethane thiol — 

2_(Ethylmercapto)ethanol 

Fats and oils, chemically modified 

Glucono-delta-lactone — 

Glutaraldehyde bls(sodlum bisulfite) 

Hydrocarbons: 

1-Butyne (Ethylacetylene) 

n-Dodecane 

Ethylene, from ethyl alcohol, medicinal grade — 

Hexadecane 

Myrcene 

n-Octane 

1-Octadecene 

Propyne (Methylacetylene) 

Other 

*Lauroyl peroxide — 

Magnesium methylate 



Manufactiirers' identification codes 
(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



AZT, wn. 






ORO. 






CHT, KCH. 






AZT, CAD, 


NOC, RCl, WTL. 




AZT, CAD, 


WTL. 




AZT, CAD, 


NOC, SHC, WTL. 




GAF. 






L'CC. 






ACS, FMB, 


PAS, PPG, SFI. 




UCC. 






CAD, UPR, 


WTL. 




MLS. 






CKL,PD. 






WTL. 






V/TL. 






OTL. 






UPR. 






DOW. 






SHC. 






TKL. 






DOW, UCC. 






DOW. 






DOW. 






DOW. 






UCC. 






UCC. 






LIL. 






UCC. 






HK, RH. 






DOW. 






DOW, RBC, 


SHC, UCC. 




ACP, CAU, 


DOVL EKX, GAF, HCH, JCC, MAT, OMC, SHC 


SNO, UCC, WTH. 




MAL. 






EM J, HPC, 


UCC, USI. 




MAL, OMS. 






GAF, UCC. 






OTC. 






GAF. 






EN J, SHC, 


UCC. 




CEL. 






COM, DUP, 


UCC. 




GAF, UCC. 






CEL, DOW, 


JCC. OMC, UCC, WTN. 




ALD, EK, 


GAF, HDG, ICI, UCC. 




RBC. 






EK. 






PLC. 






ABB, CHL, 


DOM, RT, SDW. 




DLI, PFZ. 






IDC. 






cue. 






HMI. 






OH. 






HMY. 






IFF, NCI. 






HMY. 






HMY. 






cue. 






£K, HMY. 






AZT, CAD, 


TEK, OTL. 




MRT, SFA. 







242 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 2. — Miscellaneous chemicals: Manufacturers' identification codes, by products, 1968- -Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 

(see Appendix, tables 1 and 2) 



^aSCELLANEOUS CHOnCALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 
All Other Miscellaneous Aayolia Chemioals - -Contimxei 

Hethanesulfanol 

Kethyldisulfide 

Methyl sulfide (Dimethyl sulfide) 

Methyl sulfoxide 

Organo-aluininujn compounds: 

Ethylaluminum chlorides 

Isobutylalumimun chlorides 

Methylaluminum chlorides 

Other 

Organo-boron compounds 

Organo-lead compounds: 

»Tetraethyllead 

•sTetram.ethyllead 

»Tetra(raethyl-ethyl)lead 

Organo-lithium compounds 

Or gano-magne slum halides 

Organo-mercury compounds 

Organo-silicon compounds: 

Monomers 

ifPolymers 

Organo-tin compounds: 

Eis(tri butyl tin) oxiiie 

Dibutyltin di chloride 

Dibutylmethoxytin (Dibutyl tin methoxide) 

Other 

Perchlororaethanethiol (Perchloromethyl mercaptan) 

Perlargonyl peroxide 

»Phosgene (Carbonyl chloride) 

Pine oil, synthetic 

6-Propl olactone 

Propionyl peroxide 

Rare sugars 

Sodium ethoxide 

Sodium formaldehyde bisulfite 

»Sodium formaldehyde sulfoxj'late 

*Sodium methoxide (Sodium methylate) 

Succinyl peroxide 

Tetrald.s(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium chloride 

Tributylphosphine 

Trioctylphosphine oxide 

*Zinc formaldehyde sulfoxylate 

Other 



PAS. 






CRZ. 






CRZ. 






CRZ. 






TMA, 


TSA. 




TMA, 


TEA. 




TNA. 






TNA, 


TSA. 




ACS, 


SFA. 




DUP, 


HCH, 


NLC, TNA. 


DUP, 


NLC, 


TMA. 


DUP, 


KCH, 


TNA. 


FTE. 






AriA, 


CLE, 


X. 



DCC, PIC, TRC, UCC, X. 
DCC, ORO, SFA, SPD, UCC. 

cau 

CCA. 

CCA. 

CCA, CCiv', X. 

CHO. 

WTL. 

ACS, CTIi, DUP, MOB, CMC, OTC, PPG, RUC, UCC, UPJ, VDM. 

CBY, NCI. 

CEL. 

i"JTL. 

PFN, PIC, RSA. 

EK, IDC. 
DA, RH, ROY. 

BFR, DA, DUP, CMC, RSC, SFA. 
VJTL. 
HK. 
CP;!. 
EK. 

DA, RH, ROY. 

ALD, ALX, cue, DA, DUP, EK, GAF, KF, LCI, MES, NTL, 
PIC, PLC, SDW, SFA, UCC, '/JTL, x, x, x. 



243 



APPENDIX 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 



245 



The Directory of Manufacturers lists the companies that report their production of synthetic organic chemicals 
to the U.S. Tariff Commission. The name of each manufacturer is preceded by an alphabetical identification symbol. 
These identification symbols consist of not more than three capital letters, and usually bear a relation to the 
company name . 

For 1968, the Directory of Manufacturers lists approximately 800 primary manufacturers. Some of the companies 
that report production of synthetic organic chemicals do not sell the materials, but consume their entire output in 
further manufacturing. 

The Directory of Manufacturers lists the reporting companies in two ways: table 1 lists them in alphabetical 
order by identification symbols; table 2 lists the reporting companies in alphabetical order by company name, and 
gives the corresponding identification symbol and the company address. Company divisions are usually listed under 
the parent company's name. 

TABLE L --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by code, 1968 

[Names of synthetic organic chemical manufacturers that reported production or sales to the U.S. Tariff Commission 
for 1968 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in the final tables of the 14 indi- 
vidual sections of this report. Table 2 of the Appendix lists these manufacturers alphabetically and gives their 
office addresses.] 



Code 




Code 






identi- 


Name of company 


identi- 


Name of company 




fication 




fication 






AAC 


Alcolac Chemical Corp. 


ARC 


Armour 5 Co., Armour Industrial 




AAE 


American Aniline § Extract Co., Inc. 




Chemical Co. Div. 




AAP 


American Aniline Products, Inc. 


ARD 


Ardmore Chemical Co., Inc. 




ABB 


Abbott Laboratories 


ARK 


Armstrong Cork Co. 




ABS 


Abex Corp., American Brakeblok Div. 


ARL 


Arol Chemical Products Co. 




ACC 


Amoco Chemicals Corp. 


ARM 


USS Agri-Chemicals, Inc. 




ACE 


Acme Chemical Co. 


ARN 


Arenol Chemical Corp. 




AC I 


Aceto Industrial Chemical Co., Inc. 


ARP 


Armour Pharmaceutical Co. 




ACN 


Allied Chemical Corp., Agricultural Div. 


ARZ 


Arizona Chemical Co. 




ACP 


Allied Chemical Corp., Plastics Div. 


ASH 


Ashland Oil 5 Refining Co., 




ACR 


Com Products Co., Acme Resin Co. Div. 




Ashland Chemical Co. Div. 




ACS 


Allied Chemical Corp., Specialty Chemicals 


ASL 


Ansul Chemical Co. 






Div. 


AST 


Astra Pharmaceutical Products, Inc. 




ACT 


Arthur C. Trask Co. 


ASY 


American Synthetic Rubber Corp. 




ACU 


Allied Chemical Corp., Union Texas 


ATL 


Atlantic Chemical Corp. 






Petroleum Div. 


ATP 


Atco Chemical-Industrial Products, Inc., 




ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. 




Fine Chemicals Div. 




AES 


Amerace-Esna Corp., Chemical Specialties 


ATR 


Atlantic Richfield Co., ARCO Chemical Co. D 


iv. 




Div. 


ATU 


Atlantic Tubing 5 Rubber Co. 




AGP 


Armour-Dial, Inc. 


AV 


FMC Corp., American Viscose Div. 




AGY 


Agway, Inc., Nitrogen Div. 


AVS 


Avisun Corp. 




AKS 


Arkansas Co. , Inc. 


AZT 


Dart Industries, Inc., Aztec Chemicals Div. 




ALB 


Ames Laboratories, Inc. 








ALC 


Alco Chemical Corp. 


BAC 


Baker Castor Oil Co. 




ALD 


Aldrich Chemical Co., Inc. 


BAL 


Baltimore Paint 6 Chemical Corp. 




ALF 


Allied Chemical Corp., Fibers Div. 


BAO 


Bayoil Co. , Inc. 




ALL 


Alliance Chemical Co., Inc. 


BAR 


American Rubber 6 Chemical Co. 




ALT 


Crompton 6 Knowles Corp., Chemicals Group, 


BAS 


BASF Corp. 






Althouse Div. 


BAX 


Baxter Laboratories, Inc. 




ALX 


Alox Corp. 


BCM 


Belding Chemical Industries 




AMB 


American Bio-Synthetics Corp. 


BCN 


Lehn 5 Fink Products Corp., Beacon Div. 




AMC 


Amchem Products, Inc. 


BDO 


Benzenoid Organics, Inc. 




AME 


American Chemical Corp. 


BEE 


Beecham, Inc. 




AML 


Amalgamated Chemical Corp. 


BEN 


Bennett's 




AMO 


American Oil Co. (Texas) 


BFG 


B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich 




AMP 


American Potash § Chemical Corp. 




Chemical Co. Div. 




AMR 


Pacific Resins § Chemical Co. 


BFR 


Branchf lower Co. 




AMS 


Martin-Marietta Corp., Ridgway Color & 


BJL 


Burdick 6 Jackson Laboratories, Inc. 






Chemical Div. 


BKC 


J. T. Baker Chemical Co. 




ANM 


Ancon Chemical Corp. 


BKL 


Millmaster Onyx Corp., Millmaster Chemical 




APD 


Atlas Chemical Industries, Inc. 




Div., Berkely Chemical Dept . 




APR 


Atlas Processing Co. 


BKM 


Buckman Laboratories, Inc. 




APT 


American Petrochemical Corp., Mol Rez Div. 


BL 


Belle Chemical Co., Inc. 




APV 


Armstrong Paint 6 Varnish Works, Inc. 


BU 


Astor Products, Blue Arrow Div. 




APX 


Apex Chemical Co., Inc. 


BLS 


Beech-Nut, Inc. 




ARA 


Arapahoe Chemicals Div. of Syntex Corp. 









246 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 1. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by code, 1968- -Continued 



Code 




Code 






identi- 


Name of company 


identi- 


Name of company 




fication 




fication 






BME 


Bendix Corp., Friction Materials Div. 


CNC 


Columbia Nitrogen Corp. 
Columbia Nipro Corp. 




BOR 


Borden, Inc., Borden Chemical Div. 


CNP 




BOY 


Walter N. Boysen Co. 


CO 


Continental Oil Go. 




BPC 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Cowles Chemical 


COL 


Collier Carbon 6 Chemical Corp. 






Div. , Benzol Products 


COM 


Commercial Solvents Corp. 




BPL 


Brand Plastics Co. 


CON 


Concord Chemical Co., Inc. 




BRD 


Baird Chemical Industries, Inc. 


COP 


Coopers Creek Chemical Corp. 




BRS 


Bristol-Meyers Co., Bristol Laboratories 


COR 


Commonwealth Oil Refining Co., Inc. 






Div. 


CP 


Colgate-Palmolive Co. 




BRU 


M. A. Bruder 5 Sons, Inc. 


CPC 


Childs Pulp Colors, Inc. 




BST 


Occidental Petroleum Corp., Occidental 


CPD 


Chemical Products Corp. 






Chemical Co. Div. 


CPL 


Conoco Plastics 




BSW 


Original Bradford Soap Works, Inc. 


GPP 


Charmin Paper Products Co. 




BUC 


Blackman-Uhler Chemical Co. 


CPV 


Cook Paint 5 Varnish Co. 




BUK 


Buckeye Cellulose Corp. 


CPX 


Ghemplex Go. 




BUR 


Burroughs-Wellcome § Co. (U.S.A.), Inc. 


CPY 


Copolymer Rubber § Chemical Corp. 




BXT 


J. H. Baxter 6 Co. 


CRD 


Croda, Inc. 




CAD 


Chemetron-Noury Corp. 


CRN 


Com Products Co. 




CAP 


Cap-Roc, Inc. 


CRS 


Carus Chemical Co., Inc. 




CAU 


Calcasieu Chemical Corp. 


CRT 


Crest Chemical Corp. 




CBA 


Ciba Corp. : 

Ciba Agrochemical Co, 


CRY 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc., Tenneco 
Plastics Div. 






Ciba Products Co. 


CRZ 


Crown Zellerbach Corp., Chemical 




CBC 


Georgia-Pacific Corp., Coos Bay Div. 




Products Div. 




CBD 


Chembond Corp. 


CSB 


Imoco-Gateway Corp. Chemical Services 




CBM 


Carborundum Co., Coated Abrasives Div. 


CSD 


Cosden Oil 5 Chemical Co. 




CBN 


Columbian Carbon Co., Inc. and Chemicals 


CSO 


Cities Service Oil Go. 






Div. 


CSP 


Coastal States Petrochemical Co. 




CBP 


Ciba Corp., Ciba Pharmaceutical Co. Div. 


GST 


Charles S. Tanner Co. 




CBR 


Colab Resin Corp. 


CTL 


Continental Chemical Co. 




CBT 


Samuel Cabot, Inc. 


CTN 


Ghemetron Corp., Organic Chemical Div. 




CBY 


Crosby Chemicals, Inc. 


cue 


Air Reduction Co., Inc., Airco Chemicals 


§ 


CCA 


Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc., Advance 




Plastics 






Div. 


CUL 


Culver Chemical Co. 




CCC 


Chase Chemical Corp. 


CUT 


Gutter Laboratories, Inc. 




CCH 


Pearsall Co. 


CW 


General Mills, Inc. 




CCL 


Charlotte Chemical Laboratories, Inc. 


CWL 


Stauffer Chemical Co., 




ceo 


Reichhold Chemicals, Inc., 




Cowles Chemical Div. 






Rubber chemicals Group 


CWN 


Upjohn Co., Carwin Organic Chemicals 




CCP 


Crown Central Petroleum Corp. 


CWP 


Consolidated Papers, Inc. 




CCW 


Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc. 








CD 


Budd Co., Polychem Div. 


DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. 




CEL 


Celanese Corp., 


DAN 


Dan River Mills, Inc. 






Celanese Coatings Co. 


DAV 


Conchemco, Inc., H. B. Davis Co. Div. 




CFA 


Cooperative Farm Chemicals Association 


DBG 


Dow Badische Co. 




CFC 


Sun Chemical Corp. 


DCC 


Dow Coming Corp. 




CGL 


Cargill, Inc. 


DCP 


Dixie Chemical Products, Inc. 




CHF 


Chemical Formulators, Inc. 


DEC 


Degen Oil § Chemical Co. 




CHG 


Chemagro Corp. 


DEP 


DePaul Chemical Co., Inc. 




CHL 


Chemol, Inc. 


DEX 


Dexter Chemical Corp. 
Dixie Chemical Co. 




CHO 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Calhio Chemicals, 


DIX 






Inc. Div. 


DLH 


Hess Oil 6 Chemical Corp. 




CHP 


C. H. Patrick § Co. , Inc. 


DLI 


Dawe's Laboratories, Inc. 




CHT 


Chattem Drug 6 Chemical Co., Chatten 


DOM 


Dominion Products, Inc. 






Chemicals Div. 


DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. 




CIB 


Ciba Chemical 6 Dye Co. 


DPP 


Dixie Pine Products Co., Inc. 




CIK 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc., Cal/Ink Div. 


DRW 


Drew Chemical Corp. 




CIS 


Chemical Insecticide Corp. 


DSC 


Dye Specialties, Inc. 
DeSoto, Inc. 




CKL 


Chemlek Laboratories, Inc. 


DSO 




CLB 


Columbia Organic Chemicals Co., Inc. 


DUN 


Frank W. Dunne Co. 




CLD 


Colloids, Inc. 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours 6 Co., Inc. 




CLI 


Clintwood Chemical Co. 


DVC 


Dover Chemical Corp. 




CLK 


Clark Oil 5 Refining Corp. 


DXS 


Sun Oil Co. , DX Div. 




CLN 


Standard Brands, Inc., Clinton Corn 
Processing Co. Div. 


DYS 


Davies-Young Co. 




CLV 


Clover Chemical Co. 


EGG 


Eastern Color S Chemical Co. 




CLY 
CM 
CMC 


W. A. Cleary Corp. 
Carpenter-Morton Co. 
Cos-Mar Co. 


ECL 
EFH 
EK 


Eastside Chemical Laboratory 
E. F. Houghton 6 Co. 
Eastman Kodak Co.: 




CMC 


Nyanza, Inc. 


EKT 


Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 




CMP 


Commercial Products Co. , Inc. 


EKX 


Texas Eastman Co. Div. 





DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 247 

TABLE 1. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by code, 1968- -Continued 



Code 




Code 




identi- 


Name of company 


identi- 


Name of company 


fication 




fication 




ELP 


El Paso Products Co. 


GIV 


Givaudan Corp. 


EMK 


Emkay Chemical Co. 


GLC 


General Latex 6 Chemical Corp. 


EMR 


Emery Industries, Inc. 


OLD 


SCM Corp. : 


EN 


Endo Laboratories, Inc. 




Famous Foods Div. 


ENJ 


Enjay Chemical Co. 




Glidden-Durkee Div. 


ENO 


Enenco, Inc. 


GLX 


Electro-Seal Glasflex Corp. 


EPC 


Epoxylite Corp. 


GLY 


Glyco Chemicals, Inc. 


ESA 


East Shore Chemical Co., Inc. 


GNF 


General Foods Corp., Maxwell House Div. 


ESC 


Escambia Chemical Corp. 


GNM 


General Mills, Inc., Chemical Div. 


ETD 


Ethyl-Dow Chemical Co. 


GNT 


General Tire 5 Rubber Co., Chemical Div. 


EVN 


Evans Cheraetics, Inc. 


GOC 


Gulf Oil Corp. 


EW 


Westinghouse Electric Corp., Industrial 


GOR 


Gordon Chemical Co., Inc. 




Plastics Div., Chemical Products Plant 


GPM 


General Plastics Manufacturing Co. 






GPR 


Grain Processing Corp. 


FAB 


Fabricolor Manufacturing Corp. 


GRA 


Great American Plastics Co. 


FAR 


Farnow, Inc. 




W. R. Grace 6 Co. : 


FB 


Fritzsche Bros., Inc. 


GRC 


Dubois Chemicals Div. 


FBF 


Rexall Chemical Co., Fiberfil Div. 


CRD 


Dewey § Almy Chemical Div. 


FBR 


Pabco Paint Corp. 


GRG 


P. D. George Co. 


FC 


Franklin Chemical Co. 




W. R. Grace 5 Co.; 


FCA 


Farmers Chemical Association, Inc. 


GRH 


Hatco Chemical Div. 


FCD 


France, Campbell 5 Darling, Inc. 


IRL 


Vestal Laboratories Div. 


FCL 


Federal Color Laboratories, Inc. 


GRO 


Millmaster Onyx Corp., A. Gross 5 Co. Div. 


FEL 


Felton International, Inc. 


GRS 


Pontiac Refining Corp. 


FER 


Ferro Corp., Ferro Chemical Div. 


GRV 


Guardsman Chemical Coatings, Inc. 


FG 


Foster Grant Co. , Inc. 


GRW 


Great Western Sugar Co. 


FH 


Foster-Heaton Co. 


GTH 


Guth Chemical Co. 


FIN 


Fine Organics, Inc. 


GTL 


Great Lakes Chemical Corp. 


FIR 


Firestone Tire § Rubber Co., Firestone 
Plastics Co. Div. 


GYR 


Goodyear Tire § Rubber Co. 


FIS 


Fisher Chemical Co., Inc. 5 Fisher 


HAB 


Halby Products Co., Inc. 




Melamine Corn. 


HAL 


C. P. Hall Co. of Illinois 


FLH 


H. B. Fuller Co. 


HAM 


Hampden Color 5 Chemical Co. 


FLM 


Fleming Laboratories, Inc. 


HAN 


Hanna Paint Manufacturing Co., Inc. 


FLO 


Florasynth, Inc. 


HAP 


Applied Plastics Co., Inc. 


FLW 


Fuller-O'Brien Corp. 


HCH 


Houston Chemical Corp. 


FMB 


FMC Corp., Inorganic Chemicals Div. 5 


HCR 


Hercor Chemical Corp. 




Organic Chemicals Div. 


HDG 


Hodag Chemical Corp. 


FMN 


FMC Corp., Niagara Chemical Div. 


HER 


Heresite 6 Chemical Co. 


FMP 


FMC Corp., Organic Chemicals Div. 6 Nitro 


HET 


Heterochemical Corp. 




Plant 


HEW 


Hewitt Soap Co. 


FMT 


Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc. 


HEX 


Hexagon Laboratories, Inc. 


FOC 


Farac Oil 6 Chemical Co., Div of 


HFT 


Hoffman-Taff, Inc. 




Hands chy Chemical Co. 


HK 


Hooker Chemical Corp., 


FOM 


Formica Corp. 


HKD 


Durez Div. 


FOR 


El Dorado Chemical Co. 


HKY 


Hawkeye Chemical Co. 


FRL 


Firestone Tire 6 Rubber Co., Firestone 


HLI 


Haag Laboratories, Inc. 




Industrial Rubber Products Co. Div. 


HMP 


W. R. Grace 5 Co., Hampshire Chemical Div. 


FRM 


Farmer's Chemical Co. 


HMY 


Humphrey Chemical Co. 


FRO 


Vulcan Materials Co., Chemicals Div. 


HN 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc. 


FRP 


Filtered Rosin Products Co. 


HNC 


H 5 N Chemical Co. 


FRS 


Firestone Tire 5 Rubber Co., Firestone 


HNT 


Huntington Laboratories, Inc. 




Synthetic Rubber § Latex Co. Div. 


HNX 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc., Nuodex Div. 


FSH 


Frisch S Co. , Inc. 


HOF 


Hoffmann- LaRoche , Inc. 


FST 


First Chemical Corp. 


HOU 


Air Products 5 Chemicals, Inc., Houdry 


FTE 


Foote Mineral Co. 




Process 5 Chemical Div. 


FTX 


Central Farmers Fertilizer Co., Fel-Tex Plant 


HPC 


Hercules, Inc. 






HRS 


Harris Paint Co. 


GAF 


GAF Corp.: 


HRT 


Hart Products Corp. 




Dyestuff § Chemical Div. 


HSC 


Holland Suco Color Co. 




Polymers Chemical Dept., Textile 


HSH 


Harshaw Chemical Co. Div. of Kewanee 




Chemical Div. 




Oil Co. 


GAM 


Gane's Chemical Works, Inc. 


HST 


American Hoechst Corp. 


GCC 


W. R. Grace 5 Co., Ag Chem. Group 


HUM 


Kraftco Corp., Humko Products Div. 


GE 


General Electric Co. , 


HUS 


Husky Briquetting, Inc. 


GEI 


Insulating Materials Dept. 


HVG 


Haveg Industries, Inc. 


GFS 


G. Frederick Smith Chemical Co. 


HYC 


Dextro Corp., Hysol Div. 


GGC 


Goodrich-Gulf Chemicals, Inc. 


HYN 


Hynson, Westcott S Dunning, Inc. 


GGY 


Geigy Chemical Corp. 






GIL 


Gilman Paint 6 Varnish Co. 







248 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE 1. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by code, 1968- -Continued 



Code 




Code 




identi- 


Name of company 


identi- 


Name of company 


fication 




fication 




IBI 


Industrial Biochemicals , Inc. 


LMI 


North American Chemical Co. 


ICC 


Inmont Corp. 


LPC 


Lignin Products Co. 


ICF 


Interchemical Corp., Finishes Div. 


LUB 


Lubrizol Corp 


ICI 


ICI America, Inc. 


LUE 


George Lueders 6 Co., Inc. 


ICO 


Inmont Corp. 


LUR 


Laurel Products Corp. 


IDC 


Industrial Dyestuff Co. 


LVR 


C. Lever Co. , Inc. 


IFF 


International Flavors 6 Fragrances, Inc. 


LVY 


Fred'k H. Levey Co. Div. of Columbian 


IMC 


International Minerals 5 Chemical Corp. 




Carbon Co. , Inc. 


IMP 


Hercules, Inc., Imperial Color § Chemical 








Dept. 


MAL 


Mallinckrodt Chemical Works 


INL 


Inland Steel Co., Inland Steel Container 


MAR 


American Can Co. 




Co. Div. 


MAT 


Matador Chemical Co., Inc. 


IOC 


lonac Chemical Co. Div. of Sybron Corp. 


MAY 


Otto B. May, Inc. 


IPC 


Interplastic Corp., Commercial Resins Div. 


MCA 


Masonite Corp., Alpine Div. 


IPI 


Isocyanate Products, Inc. 


MCE 


Borg-Wamer Corp., Marbon Chemical Div. 


I PR 


Inter-Pacific Resins, Inc. 


MCC 


McCIoskey Varnish Co. 


IRC 


TRC, Inc., IRC Div. 


MCH 


Michigan Chemical Corp. 


IRI 


Ironsides Resins, Inc. 


MCI 


Mooney Chemicals, Inc. 


ISC 


Interstate Chemical Co. 


MCP 


Moretex Chemical Products, Inc. 






MED 


Medical Chemicals Corp. 


JCC 


Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc. 


MEE 


Maumee Chemical Co. 


JDC 


Nipak, Inc. 


MER 


Merichem Co. 


JEN 


Jennison-Wright Corp. 


MET 


M 6 T Chemicals, Inc. 


JMS 


J. Meyer § Sons, Inc. 


MFC 


Molded Fiber Glass Cos., Inc. 


JNS 


S. C. Johnson 6 Son, Inc. 


MGK 


McLaughlin Gormley King Co. 


JOB 


Jones-Blair Paint Co. 


MGR 


Magruder Color Co., Inc. 


JOR 


Jordan Chemical Co. 


MHl 


Ventron Corp., Metals Chemicals Div. 


JRG 


Andrew Jergens Co. 


MID 


Dexter Corp., Midland Div. 


JSC 


Jersey State Chemical Co. 


MIR 


Miranol Chemical Co., Inc. 


JTC 


Joseph Turner S Co. 


MLS 


Miles Laboratories, Inc., Marschall Div. 


JWL 


Jewel Paint 6 Varnish Co. 


MMM 


Minnesota Mining S Manufacturing Co. 






MNO 


Monochem, Inc. 


KAI 


Kaiser Aluminum 5 Chemical Corp., 


MNP 


Minnesota Paints, Inc. 




Kaiser Chemicals Div. 


MOA 


Mona Industries, Inc. 


KAL 


Kali Manufacturing Co. 


MOB 


Mobay Chemical Co. 


KCC 


Kennecott Copper Corp., Chine Mines Div. 


MOC 


Marathon Oil Co., Texas Refining Div. 


KCH 


Keystone Chemurgic Corp. 


MON 


Monsanto Co. 


KCU 


Kennecott Copper Corp., Utah Copper Div. 


MOR 


Mineral Oil Refining Co. 


KCW 


Keystone Color Works, Inc. 


MOT 


Motomco, Inc. 


KEL 


Kelly-Pickering Chemical Corp. 


MR 


Benjamin Moore § Co. 


KEN 


Witco Chemical Corp., Kendall Refining Co. 


MRA 


Crown-Metro 




Div. 


MRB 


Marblette Co. Div. of Allied Products Corp. 


KET 


Ketona Chemical Corp. 


MRD 


Marden-Wild Corp. 


KF 


Kay-Fries Chemicals, Inc. 


MRK 


Merck 6 Co. , Inc. 


KMC 


Kohler-McLister Paint Co. 


MRN 


Standard Brands Chemicals, Inc., Paisley Div. 


KMP 


Kelly-Moore Paint Co. 


MRO 


W. R. Grace S Co . , Marco Chemical Div. 


KND 


Knoedler Chemical Co. 


MRT 


Morton Chemical Co. 


KNG 


Far-Best Corp., 0. L. King Div. 


MRV 


Marlowe-Van Loan Corp. 


KNP 


Knapp Products, Inc. 


MRX 


Max Marx Color 6 Chemical Co., Inc. 


KON 


H. Kohnstaiirai I, Co., Inc. 


MSC 


Mississippi Chemical Corp. 


KPI 


Kenrich Petrochemicals, Inc. 


MTO 


Montrose Chemical Corp. of California 


KPP 


Sinclair-Koppers Co. 


MTR 


Chris-Craft Industries, Inc., Montrose 


KPS 


Koppers Pittsburgh Co. 




Chemical Div. 


KPT 


Koppers Co., Inc., Organic Materials Div. 


MYW 


Stepan Chemical Co., Maywood Div. 


KYN 


Kyanize Paints, Inc. 






KYS 


Keysor Chemical Co. 


NCA 


Northrop Carolina, Inc. 






NCI 


Union Camp Corp., Chemicals Div. 


LAK 


Lakeway Chemical Co. 


NCW 


Nostrip Chemical Works, Inc. 

Norda Essential Oil 5 Chemical Co., Inc. 


LAM 


LaMotte Chemical Products Co. 


NEO 


LAS 


Lasco Industries, Inc. 


NEP 


Nepera Chemical Co., Inc. 
Nease Chemical Co., Inc. 


LCI 


Lachat Chemicals, Inc. 


NES 


LEA 


Leatex Chemical Co. 


NEV 


Neville Chemical Co. 


LEE 


Lebanon Chemical Corp. 


NIL 


Nilok Chemicals, Inc. 


LEM 


B. L. Lemke S Co. , Inc. 










NIT 


Nitrin, Inc. 


LEN 


Leonard Refineries, Inc. 


NLC 


Nalco Chemical Co. 


LEV 


Lever Brothers Co. 


NMC 


National Milling § Chemical Co. 


LIL 


Eli Lilly 5 Co. 


NOC 


Norac Co., Inc. 6 Mathe Chemical Co. Div. 


LKL 


Lakeside Laboratories Div. of Colgate- 
Palmolive Co. 


NON 


A. P. Nonweiler Co. 




NOR 


Norwich Pharmacal Co. 


LKY 


Lake States Div. of St. Regis Paper Co. 


NPC 


Northwest Petrochemical Corp. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 249 

TABLE 1, --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of maniifacturers, by code, 1968--Continued 



Code 




Code 




identi- 


Name of company 


identi- 


Name of company 


fication 




fication 




NPI 


National Polychemicals, Inc. 


PMP 


Premier Malt Products, Inc. 


NPP 


Enjay Chemical Co., Enjay Fibers 6 


PNT 


Pantasote Co. 




Laminates Co. Div. 


PNX 


Murphy- Phoenix Co. 


NPR 


Safeway Stores, Inc., Newport Products 


POL 


Polymer Corp. 




Co. Div. 


PPC 


Premier Petrochemical Co. 


NPV 


Norris Paint 6 Varnish Co. 


PPG 


PPG Industries, Inc. 


NSC 


National Starch 6 Chemical Corp. 


PPL 


Pioneer Plastics Core 


NTB 


National Biochemical Co. 


PPR 


Phillips Puerto Rico Corp., Inc. 


NTC 


National Casein Co. 


PRC 


Products Research 5 Chemical Corp. 


NTL 


National Lead Co. 


PRD 


Productol Chemical Co., Inc. 


NVF 


NVF Co. 


PRT 


Pratt 6 Lambert, Inc. 


NVT 


Novamont Corp., Neal Works 


PRX 


Purex Corp. , Ltd. 


NW 


Northwestern Chemical Co. 


PSC 


Passaic Color § Chemical Co. 






PSP 


Georgia-Pacific Corp., Bellingham Div. 


OBC 


O'Brien Corp. 


PTO 


Puerto Rico Chemical Co., Inc. 


OCF 


Owens-Corning Fiberglas Corp. 


PTP 


Preservative Paint Co. 


OH 


Air Reduction Co., Inc., Ohio Medical 


PTT 


Petro-Tex Chemical Corp. 




Products Div. 


PUB 


Publicker Industries, Inc. 


OMC 


Olin Corp., § Agricultural Chemicals Div. 


PUR 


Puritan Chemical Co. 


OMS 


E. R. Squibb 5 Sons, Inc. 


PVI 


Polyvinyl Chemicals, Inc. 


ONX 


Millmaster Onyx Corp., Onyx Chemical Co. Div. 


PYL 


Polychemical Laboratories, Inc. 


OPC 


Orbis Products Corp. 


PVR 


Poly Resins 


ORG 


Organics, Inc. 


PYZ 


Polyrez Co., Inc. 


ORO 


Chevron Chemical Co. 






ORT 


Roehr Chemicals, Inc. 


QCP 


Quaker Chemical Corp. 


OSB 


C. J. Osbom Co. 


QKO 


Quaker Oats Co. 


OTA 


Ottawa Chemical Co. 


QUN 


K. J. Quinn 6 Co. , Inc. 


OTC 


Ott Chemical Co. 






OTH 


Chevron Chemical Co. 


RAB 


Raybestos-Manhattan, Inc., Raybestos Div. 






RAY 


ITT Rayonier, Inc. 


PA I 


Pennsylvania Industrial Chemical Corp. 


RBC 


Roberts Chemicals, Inc. 


PAN 


Pan American Petroleum Corp. 


RCC 


Rexall Drug 6 Chemical Co., Rexall Chemical 


PAR 


Pennsylvania Refining Co. 




Co. Div. 


PAS 


Pennwalt Corp. 


RCD 


Richardson Co. 


PAT 


Patent Chemicals, Inc. 


RCI 


Reichhold Chemicals , Inc. 


PBI 


Private Brands, Inc. 


RDA 


Rhodia, Inc. 


PBY 


Pillsbury Co. 


RED 


Red Spot Paint § Varnish Co., Inc. 


PC 


Proctor Chemical Co., Inc. 


REH 


Reheis Chemical Co. Div. of Armour 


PCC 


USS Chemicals Div. of U.S. Steel Corp. 




Pharmaceutical Co. 


PCH 


Peerless Chemical Co. 


REL 


Reliance Universal, Inc. 6 Rel-Rez Div. 


PCI 


Pioneer Chemical Works, Inc. 


REM 


Remington Arms Co., Inc. 


PCR 


Princeton Chemical Research, Inc. 


REN 


Renroh Resins 


PCS 


Emery Industries, Inc., Western Div. 


REZ 


Rezolin, Inc. 


PCW 


Pfister Chemical, Inc. 


RGC 


Rogers Corp. 


PD 


Parke, Davis 5 Co. 


RH 


Rohm § Haas Co. 


PDC 


Bemcolors-Poughkeepsie, Inc 


RIK 


Riker Laboratories, Div. of Rexall Drug 


PEK 


Peck's Products Co. 




S Chemical Co. 


PEL 


Pelron Corp. 


RIL 


Reilly Tar 6 Chemical Corp. 


PEN 


CPC International, Inc., Penick Div. 


RIV 


Riverdale Chemical Co. 


PER 


Perry 6 Derrick Co., Inc. 


RLS 


Rachel le Laboratories, Inc. 


PFN 


Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc. 


ROB 


Robeco Chemicals, Inc. 


PFP 


Midwest Manufacturing Corp. 


ROM 


United Merchants § Manufacturers, Inc., 


PFW 


Polak's Frutal Works 




Roma Chemical Div. 


PFZ 


Chas. Pfizer 5 Co. , Inc. 


ROY 


Royce Chemical Co. 


PC 


Proctor 6 Gamble Co. , Proctor 6 Gamble 


RPC 


Millmaster Onyx Corp., Refined-Onyx Div. 




Manufacturing Co. 


RSA 


R.S.A. Corp. 


PGU 


Gulf Oil Corp., Perkins Glue, Chemicals 


RSB 


Rosenberg Bros. 6 Co. 




Dept. 


RT 


F. Ritter 6 Co. 


PHF 


Peter Hand Foundation, Inc. 


RTC 


Ritter Chemical Co., Inc. 


PHR 


Pharmachem Corp. 


RTF 


Retzloff Chemical Co. 


PIC 


Pierce Organics, Inc. 


RUB 


Hooker Chemical Corp., Ruco Div. 


PII 


Polymer Industries, Inc. 


RUG 


Rubicon Chemicals, Inc. 


PIL 


Pilot Chemical Co. 






PIT 


Pitt-Consol Chemical Co. 


S 


Sandoz, Inc. S Dyestuff 6 Chemical Div. 


PLA 


Richardson Co., Richardson Polymers Div. 


SAC 


Southeastern Adhesives Co. 


PLB 


P-L Biochemicals, Inc. 


SAL 


Salsbury Laboratories 


PLC 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 


SAR 


Sartomer Resins, Inc. 


PLS 


Plastics Engineering Co. 


SBC 


Scher Bros . , Inc. 


PLU 


Plumb Chemical Corp. 


SB I 


Standard Brands Chemical Industries, Inc. 


PLX 


Plex Chemical Corp. 


SBO 


Southern Biochemical Corp. 


PMC 


Plastics Manufacturing Co. 







250 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 

TABLE I. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by code, 1968- -Continued 



Code 




Code 




identi- 


Name of company 


identi- 


Name of company 


fication 




fication 




SEP 


Sugar Beet Products Co. 


SPL 


Spaulding Fibre Co., Inc. 


sec 


Standard Chlorine of Delaware, Inc. 


SPY 


Standard Pyroxoloid Corp. 


SCF 


Schaefer Varnish Co. 


SRL 


G. D. Searle 5 Co. 


SCH 


Schering Corp. 


STA 


A. E. Staley Manufacturing Co. 


SCN 


Schenectady Chemicals, Inc. 


STC 


Sou-Tex Chemical Co., Inc. 


SCO 


Scholler Bros. , Inc. 


STG 


Stange Co. 


SCP 


Standard Chemical Products, Inc. 


STP 


Stepan Chemical Co. 


SCR 


R. P. Scherer Corp. 


SUG 


Colonial Sugars Co., Sucro Chemical Div. 


SDC 


Martin-Marietta Corp., Southern Dyestuff 


SUM 


Summit Chemical Products Corp. 




Co. Div. 


SUN 


Sun Oil Co., Sunoco Div. 




Sterling Drug, Inc. : 


SVC 


Sullivan Varnish Co. 


SDG 


Glenbrook Laboratories Div. 


SVT 


Solvent Chemical Co., Inc. 


SDH 


Hilton-Davis Chemical Co. Div. 


SW 


Sherwin-Williams Co. 


SDW 


Winthrop Laboratories Div. 


SWT 


Swift 5 Co., Swift Chemical Co. Div. 


SEA 


Seaboard Chemicals, Inc. 


SYC 


Synthetic Chemicals, Inc. 


SED 


Conchemco, Inc., Kansas City Div. 


SYP 


Synthetic Products Co. 


SEL 


Selney Co., Inc. 


SYV 


Synvar Corp. 


SEY 


Seydel-Woolley § Co. 








Stauffer Chemical Co. : 


TAE 


Chemetron Corp., National Cylinder Gas Div. 


SF 


Agricultural Div. 


TCC 


Tanatex Chemical Corp. 


SFA 


Specialty Chemical Div. 


TCD 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc., Tenneco Colors Div. 


SFD 


Sonford Chemical Co. 


TCH 


Try Ion Chemicals, Inc. 


SFI 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Industrial Div. 


TCI 


Norwich Pharmacal Co., Texize Chemicals, 


SH 


Stein, Hall 5 Co., Inc. 




Inc. Div. 


SHA 


Shanco Plastics 5 Chemicals, Inc. 


TDC 


Diversey Corp., Diversey Chemical Co. Div. 


SHC 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 


TEK 


Teknor Apex Co. 


SHF 


National Dairy Products Corp., Sheffield 


TEN 


Tennessee Copper Co. Div. of Tennessee Corp. 




Chemical Div. 


TER 


Terra Chemicals International, Inc. 


SHL 


Nitini, Inc. Sub. of Shulton, Inc. 


THC 


Olin Corp., Thompson Plastics 


SHO 


Shell Oil Co. 


THM 


Wm. T. Thompson Co., Thompson Chemicals Div. 


SHP 


Shepherd Chemical Co. 


TIC 


Ticonderoga Chemical Corp. 


SIC 


Vistron Corp., Silmar Div. 


TID 


Getty Oil Co. 


SID 


George F. Siddall Co., Inc. 


TKL 


Thiokol Chemical Corp. 


SIM 


Simpson Timber Co. 


TMH 


Thompson-Hayward Chemical Co. 


SIN 


Sinclair Oil Corp. 


TMS 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Thomasset Colors Div. 


SIO 


Standard Oil Co. of Ohio 


TNA 


Ethyl Corp. 


SIP 


James P. Sipe 6 Co. 


TNI 


Gillette Chemical Co. Div. of Gillette Co. 


SK 


Smith, Kline § French Laboratories 


TOC 


Tenneco Oil Co. 


SKC 


Sinclair-Koppers Chemical Co. 


TRC 


Toms River Chemical Corp. 


SKG 


Sunkist Growers, Inc. 


TRO 


Troy Chemical Co. 


SKO 


Skelly Oil Co. 


TSA 


Texas Alkyls, Inc. 


SKT 


Textron, Inc., Spencer Kellogg Div. 


TTX 


Detrex Chemical Industries, Inc. 


SLC 


Soluol Chemical Co., Inc. 


TUS 


Texas-U.S. Chemical Co. 


SLM 


Salem Oil § Grease Co. 


TV 


Sun Chemical Corp. 


SLV 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Salvo Chemical Div. 


TX 


Texaco, Inc. 


SM 


Mobil Chemical Co. 


TXC 


Tex Chem Co. 


SM 


Mobil Oil Corp. S Mobil Chemical Co. 


TXN 


Textilana-Nease, Inc. 




Div., Industrial Chemical Div. 


TXT 


Textilana Corp. 


SMC 


Stamford Chemical Industries, Inc. 


TZC 


Tizon Chemical Corp. 


SNA 


Sun Chemical Corp., Pigments Div. 






SNC 


Sonoco Products Co. 


UBS 


Staley Chemicals 


SNI 


Kaiser Aluminum S Chemicals Corp., Kaiser 


UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 




Agricultural Chemicals Div. 


UDI 


Petrochemicals Co., Inc. 


SNO 


SunOIin Chemical Co. 


UHL 


Paul Uhlich 5 Co., Inc. 


SNT 


Suntide Refining Co. 


UNG 


Ungerer 6 Co. 


SNW 


Sun Chemical Corp., Chemical Div. 


UNN 


United Chemical Corp. of Norwood 


SOC 


Standard Oil Co. of California, Chevron 


UNO 


United Oil Manufacturing Co. 




Chemical Co. 


UNP 


United Chemical Products Corp. 


SOG 


Signal Oil 5 Gas Co. 


UNS 


Union Starch S Refining Co., Inc. 


SOH 


Vistron Corp. 


UOC 


Union Oil Co. of California 


SOI 


American Oil Co. (Maryland) 


UOP 


Universal Oil Products Co., UOP Chemical 


SOL 


Solar Chemical Corp. 




Div. 


SOP 


Southern Chemical Products Co. 


UPF 


U.S. Pipe § Foundry Co. 


SOR 


Thomason Industries, Inc., Southern 


UPJ 


Upjohn Co. 




Resin Div. 


UPL 


U.S. Plywood-Champion Papers, Inc., California 


SOS 


Southern Sizing Co. 




Div., Shasta Operations 


SPC 


Sinclair Paint Co. 


UPM 


Universal Oil Products Co. 


SPD 


General Electric Co. , Silicone Products 


UPR 


Argus Chemical Corp., U.S. Peroxygen Div. 




Dept. 


USB 


U.S. Borax Research Corp. 


SPI 


Sinclair Oil Corp., Chemical Div. 







DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 251 

TABLE 1. -Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by code, 1968- Continued 



Code 




Code 






identi- 


Name of company 


identi- 


Name of company 




fication 




fication 






USI 


National Distillers 6 Chemical Corp.: 


WUI 


White § Hodges, Inc. 






National Petro Chemical Corp. Div. 


WHL 


Whitmoyer Laboratories, Inc. 






U.S. Industrial Chemicals Co. Div. 


WUW 


Whittemore-Wright Co. , Inc. 




USO 


U.S. Oil Co. , Inc. 


WIC 


Wica Chemicals, Inc. 




USR 


Uniroyal, Inc., Chemical Div. 


WIL 


Wilson Pharmaceutical 5 Chemical Corp. 


, 


UVC 


Universal Chemicals Corp. 


WJ 


Wilson Laboratories Div. 
Warner-Jenkinson Manufacturing Co. 




VAC 


Northern Petrochemical Co., Varney Div. 


WM 


Wilson Pharmaceutical 5 Chemical Corp. 




VAL 


Valchem 




Wilson-Martin Div. 




VB 


Vermilye-Bell 


WMF 


Warner Machine Products, Inc., Warner 




VDM 


Van De Mark Chemical Co., Inc. 




Chemical Div. 




VEL 


Velsicol Chemical Corp. 


WOB 


Woburn Chemical Corp. 




VGC 


Virginia Chemicals, Inc. 


WOD 


Woodbury Chemical Co. 




VIN 


Vineland Chemical Co. 


WON 


Woonsocket Color § Chemical Co. 




VLN 


Valley Nitrogen Producers, Inc. 


WRC 


Wood Ridge Chemical Corp. 




VLV 


Chem-Fleur, Inc. 


WRD 


Weyerhaeuser Co. 




VNC 


Vanderbilt Chemical Corp. 


WSN 


Washine Chemical Corp. 




VND 


Van Dyk 6 Co. , Inc. 


WTC 


Witco Chemical Co., Inc. 




VPC 


Verona- Pharma Chemical Corp. 




Wallace § Tieman, Inc.: 




VPT 


Vickers Refining Co., Inc. 


WTH 


Harchem Div. 




VSV 


Valentine Sugars, Inc., Valite Div. 


WTL 


Lucidol Div. 




VTM 


Vitamins, Inc. 


WVA 


Westvaco Corp. : 

Chemical Div., Tall Oil Dept. 




WAW 


W. A. Wood Co. 




Polychemicals Div. 




WAY 


Philip A. Hunt Chemical Corp., Wayland 


IVYC 


Wycon Chemical Co. 






Chemical Div. 


WYN 


Wyandotte Chemicals Corp. 




WBC 


Worthington Biochemical Corp. 


l^fYT 


Wyeth Laboratories, Inc. Div. of Amen 


can 


WBG 


White 5 Bagley Co. 




Home Products Corp. 




WCA 


West Coast Adhesives Co. 








WCC 


Witco Chemical Corp., Witfield Chemical Div. 


YAW 


Young Aniline Works, Inc. 




WES 


Weston Chemical Co., Inc. 








WHC 


Whittaker Corp., Research § 
Development/San Diego 









252 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



TABLE 2. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1968 

[Names of synthetic organic chemical manufacturers that reported production or sales to the U.S. Tariff Commission 
for 1968 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in the final tables of 
the 14 individual sections of this report. Table 1 of the Appendix lists these manufacturers in the order of 
their identification codes.] 



Identi- 
fication 
code 



ABS 
ACl 
ACE 
AGY 
HOU 



cue 

OH 

ALC 

AAC 

ALD 

ALL 

ACN 
ALF 
ACP 
ACS 
ACU 
ALX 
AML 
AMC 
AES 

AAE 
AAP 
AMB 
MAR 
AME 
ACY 
HST 
SOI 
AMO 
APT 
AMP 
BAR 
ASY 
ALB 
ACC 
ANM 
ASL 
APX 
llAP 
ARA 
ARD 
ARN 
UPR 
ARZ 
AKS 
ARC 

AGP 
ARP 
ARK 
APV 
ARL 
ASH 



BLA 
AST 
ATP 



Name of company 



Abbott Lab oratories 

Abex Corp., American Brakelok Div 

Aceto Industrial Chemical Co., Inc 

Acme Chemical Co 

Agway, Inc., Nitrogen Div 

Air Products f, Chemicals, Inc., Houdry 

Process 8 Chemical Div. 
Air Reduction Co., Inc.: 

Airco Chemicals f, Plastics 

Ohio Medical Products Div 

Alco Chemical Corp 

Alcolac Chemical Corp 

Aldrich Chemical Co., Inc 

Alliance Chemical Co., Inc 

Allied Chemical Corp.: 

Agricultural Div 

Fibers Div 

Plastics Div 

Specialty Chemicals Div 

Union Texas Petroleum Div 

Alox Corp 

Amalgamated Chemical Corp 

Amchem Products. Inc 

Amerace-Esna Corp., Chemical Specialties 
Div. 

American Aniline 5 Extract Co., Inc 

American Aniline Products, Inc 

American Bio-Synthetics Corp 

American Can Co 

American Chemical Corp 

American Cyanamid Co 

American Hoechst Corp 

American Oil Co. (Maryland) 

American Oil Co. (Texas) 

American Petrochemical Corp., Mol Rez Div- 

American Potash 5 Chemical Corp 

American Rubber 8 Chemical Co 

American Synthetic Rubber Corp 

Ames Laboratories, Inc 

Amoco Chemical Corp 

Ancon Chemical Corp 

Ansul Chemical Co 

Apex Chemical Co., Inc 

Applied Plastics Co., Inc 

Arapahoe Chemicals, Div. of Syntex Corp — 

Ardmore Chemical Co., Inc 

Arenol Chemical Corp 

Argus Chemical Corp., U.S. Peroxygen Div- 

Arizona Chemical Co 

Arkansas Co., Inc 

Armour 6 Co., Armour Industrial Chemical 
Co. Div. 

Armour- Dial, Inc 

Armour Pharmaceutical Co 

Armstrong Cork Co 

Armstrong Paint 6 Varnish Works, Inc 

Arol Chemical Products Co 

Ashland Oil 8 Refining Co 

Ashland Chemical Co. Div 

Astor Products, Blue Arrow Div 

Astra Pharmaceutical Products, Inc 

Atco Chemical-Industrial Products, Inc., 

Fine Chemicals Div. 
Atlantic Chemical Corp 



Office address 



14th St. and Sheridan Rd., N. Chicago, IL 60664. 

900 W. Maple Rd., Troy, MI 48084. 

126-02 Northern Blvd., Flushing, New York, NY 11368. 

2506 N. 32d St., Milwaukee, WI 53245. 

1446 Buffalo St., Olean, NY 10760. 

1339 Chestnut St., Philadelphia, PA 19107. 



150 E. 42d St., New York, NY 10017. 

1400 E. Washington Ave., Madison, WI 53701. 

Trenton Ave. and William St., Philadelphia, PA 19134. 

3440 Fairfield Rd., Baltimore, MP 21226. 

2371 N. 30th St., Milwaukee, WI 53210. 

P. 0. Box 326, Ridgefield, NJ 07657. 

40 Rector St., New York, NV 10006. 

1450 Broadway, New York, NY 10018. 

P. 0. Box 365, Morristown, NJ 07960. 

Columbia Rd. 8 Park Ave., Morristown, NJ 07960. 

P. 0. Box 2120, Houston, TX 77001. 

3943 Buffalo Ave., Niagara Falls, NY 14302. 

Ontario and Rorer Sts., Philadelphia, PA 19134. 

Brookside Ave., Ambler, PA 19002. 

74 Hudson Ave., Tanafly, NJ 07670. 

Venango and F Sts., Philadelphia, PA 19134. 

P. 0. Box 3063, Paterson, NJ 07509. 

710 W. National Ave., Milwaukee, WI 53204. 

100 Park Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

P. 0. Box 9247, Long Beach, CA 90810. 

Wayne, NJ 07470. 

129 Quidnick St., Coventry, RI 02816. 
910 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60680. 
910 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60680. 

3134 California St., N.E. Minneapolis, MN 55418. 
3000 W. 6th St., Los Angeles, CA 90005. 
P. 0. Box 1034, Louisville, KY 40201. 
P. 0. Box 560, Louisville, KY 40201. 
200 Rock Lane, Milford, CT 06460. 

130 E. Randolph Dr., Chicago, IL 60601. 
1 Stanton St., Marinette, WI 54143. 

1 Stanton St., Marinette, WI 54143. 

200 S. 1st St., Elizabethport, NJ 07206. 

130 Penn St., El Segundo, CA 90246. 

2855 Walnut St., Boulder, CO 80302. 

840 Valley Brook Ave., Lyndhurst, NJ 07071. 

40-33 23d St., Long Island City, NJ 11101 

840 Morton Ave., Richmond, CA 94804. 

Wayne, NJ 7470. 

185 Foundry St., Newark, NJ 07105. 

401 N. Wabash Ave., Chicago, IL 60690. 

100 S. Wacker Dr., Chicago, IL 60606. 

P. 0. Box 511, Kankakee, IL 60901. 

Liberty and Charlotte Sts., Lancaster, PA 17604. 

1330 S. Kilbourn Ave., Chicago, IL 60623. 

371 Wayne St., Jersey City, NJ 730 2. 

1401 Winchester Ave., Ashland, KY 41101. 

P. 0. Box 149, Baytown, TX 77520 and 170 N. High St., 

Columbus, OH 43215. 
5244 Edgewood Ct . , Jacksonville, FL 32203. 
7-1/2 Neponset St., Worcester, MA 01606. 
93 Main St., Franklin, NJ 07416. 



10 Kingsland Rd., Nutley, NJ 07110. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 



253 



TABLE 2. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1968- -Continued 



Name of company 



CHG 

CBD 

TAE 
CTN 
CAD 
VLY 
CHF 
CIS 
CPD 
CKL 

CHL 

CPX 

OTH 6 
ORO 

CPC 

MTR 



Atlantic Richfield Co.: 

ARCO Chemical Co. Div 

Atlantic Tubing 6 Ri&ber Co 

Atlas Chemical Industries, Inc- 

Atlas Processing Co 

Avisun Corp 



BASF Corp 

Baird Chemical Industries, Inc 

Baker Castor Oil Co 

J. T. Baker Chemical Co 

Baltimore Paint 5 Chemical Corp 

J. H. Baxter G Co 

Baxter Laboratories, Inc 

Bayoil Co., Inc 

Beecham, Inc 

Beech- Nut, Inc 

Belding Chemical Industries 

Belle Chemical Co., Inc 

Bendix Corp., Friction Materials Div 

Bennett's 

Benzenoid Organics, Inc 

Bernco lors - Pough keeps ie, Inc 

Blackman-Llhler Chemical Co 

Borden, Inc., Borden Chemical Div 

Borg-Warner Corp., Marbon Chemical Div 

Walter N. Boysen Co 

Branchf lower Co 

Brand Plastics Co 

Bristol-Meyers Co., Bristol Laboratories Di 

M. A. Bruder 6 Sons, inc 

Buckeye Cellulose Corp 

Buckman Laboratories, Inc 

Budd Co., Polychem Div 

Burdick 6 Jackson Laboratories, Inc 

Burroughs-Wellcome 5 Co. (U.S.A.), Inc 



Office address 



CPC International, Inc., Penick Div. 

Samuel Cabot, Inc 

Calcasieu Chemical Corp 

Cap- Roc, Inc 

Carborundum Co., Coated Abrasives 

Cargill , Inc 

Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc 

Advance Div 

Carpent er- Morton Co 

Carus Chemical Co., Inc 

Celanese Corp. of America 

Celanese Coatings Co 

Central Farmers Fertilizer Co., Fel-Tex Div- 

Charlotte Chemical Laboratories, Inc 

Charmin Paper Products Co 

Chase Chemical Corp 

Chattem Drug 6 Chemical Co., Chattem 
Chemicals Div. 

Chemagro Corp 

Ch emb ond Corp 

Chemetron Corp. : 

National Cylinder Gas Div 

Organic Chemical Div 

Ch eme t ron- Noury Corp 

Chem-Fleur, Inc 

Chemical Formulators, Inc 

Chemical Insecticide Corp 

Chemical Products Corp 

Chemlek Laboratories, Inc 

Chemol, Inc 

Chemplex Co 

Chevron Chemical Co 



Inc 



Childs Pulp Colors 
Chris-Craft Industries 
Chemical Div. 



Inc., Montrose 



260 S. Broad St., Philadelphia, PA 19101. 

Mill St., Cranston, RI 02905. 

Wilmington, DE 19899. 

P. 0. Box 9188, 3546 Midway St., Shreveport , LA. 71109. 

River Rd. 6 Grantham Lane, New Castle, DE 19720 

Ft. of Central Ave., S. Kearny, NJ 07032. 

185 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016. 

40 Avenue A, Bayonne, NJ 07002. 

222 Red School Lane, Phillipsburg, NJ 08865. 

2325 Hollins Ferry Rd . , Baltimore, MD 21230. 

1700 S. El Camino Real, San Mateo, CA 94402. 

6301 N. Lincoln Ave., Morton Grove, IL 60053. 

2 Union St., Peabody, MA 01960. 

65 Industrial S., Clifton, NJ 07012. 

Church St., Canajoharie, NY 13317. 

1407 Broadway, New York, NY 10018. 

P.O. Box 848, Lowell, NC 28098. 

P.O. Box 238, Troy, NY 12180. 

65 W. 1st S. St., Salt Lake City, 'IT 84110. 

P.O. Box 157, Bellingham, MA 02019. 

75 N. Water St., Poughkeepsle, NY 12602. 

P.O. Box 5627, Spartanburg, SC 29301. 

350 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

P.O. Box 68, Washington, WV 26181. 

1001 42d St. , Oakland, CA 94608. 

4501 Shilshole Ave,, NW., Seattle, WA 98101. 

130 E. Randolph Dr., Chicago, IL 60601. 

P.O. Box 657, Syracuse, NY 13201. 

52d St. and Grays Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19143. 

2899 Jackson Ave., Memphis, TN 38108. 

1256 N. McLean Blvd., Memphis, TN 38108. 

70 S. Chapel St., Newark, DE 19711. 

1953 S. Harvey St., Muskegon, MI 49442. 

1 Scarsdale Rd., Tuckahoe, NY 10707. 

100 Church St., New York, NY 10008. 

246 Summer St., Boston, MA 02210. 

P.O. Box 1522, Lake Charles, LA 70601. 

300 State St.. Rochester, NY 14614. 

Walmore Rd. , Niagara Falls, NY 14302. 

Cargill Bldg., Minneapolis, MN 55402. 

West St., Reading, uri 45215. 

500 Jersey Ave., New Brunswick, NJ 08903. 

376 3d St., Everett, MA 02149. 

1375 8th St., LaSalle, IL 61301. 

522 5th Ave., New York, NY 10036. 

1495 S. nth St., Louisville, KY 40208. 

P.O. Box 68, Fremont, NB 68025. 

P.O. Box 948, Charlotte, NC 28201. 

800 Hoberg St., Green Bay, WI 54305. 

3527 Snallman St., Pittsburgh, PA 15201. 

171S W. 38th St., Chattanooga, TN 37409. 

P.O. Box 4913, Station "F", Kansas City, MO 64120. 
P.O. Box 270, Springfield, OR 97477. 

840 N. Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60611. 

373 7th Ave., New York, NY 10001. 

2153 Lockport-Olcott Rd., Burt, NY 14028. 

200 Pulaski St., Newark. NJ 07105. 

P.O. Box 26, Nitro, WV 25143. 

30 Whitman Ave., Metuchen, NJ 08840. 

P.O. Box 449, Cartersville, GA 30120. 

4040 W. 123d St., Alsip, IL 60658. 

P.O. Box 20687, Greensboro, NC 27420. 

3100 Golf Rd., Rolling Meadows, IL 60008. 

940 Hensley St., Richmond, CA 94801 amd 200 Bush St., 

San Francisco, CA 94120. 
43 Summit St., Brooklyn, NY 11231. 
100 Lister Ave., Newark, NJ 07105. 



254 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



TABLE 2, --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1968- -Continued 



Name of company 



Ciba Chemical 6 Dye Co 

Ciba Corp. : 

Ciba Argochemical Co 

Ciba Pharmaceutical Co. Div 

Ciba Products Co 

Cities Service Oil Co 

Clark Oil f, Refining Corp 

W. A. Cleary Corp 

Clintwood Chemical Co 

Clover Chemical Co 

Coastal States Petrochemical Co 

Colab Resin Corp 

Colgate-Palmolive Co 

Collier Carbon 5 Chemical Corp 

Colloids, Inc 

Colonial Sugars Co., Sucro Chemical niv 

Columbia Nipro Corp 

Columbia Nitrogen Corp 

Columbia Organic Chemicals Co., Inc 

Columbian Carbon Co 

Chemicals Div 

Commercial Products Co., Inc 

Commercial Solvents Corp 

Commonwealth Oil Refining Co., Inc 

Conch emco. Inc. : 

H. B. Davis Co. Div 

Kansas City Div 

Conoco PI as tics 

Concord Chemical Co., Inc 

Consolidated Papers, Inc 

Continental Chemical Co 

Continental Oil Co 

Cook Paint 5 Varnish Co 

Cooperative Farm Chemicals Association 

Coopers Creek Chemical Corp 

Copolymer Rubber f, Chemical Corp 

Corn Products Co 

Acme Resin Co. Div 

Cosden Oil 5 Chemical Co 

Cos- Mar Co 

Crest Chemical Corp 

Croda, Inc 

Crompton 5 Knowles Corp., Chemicals Group, 
Althouse Div. 

Crosby Chemicals, Inc 

Crown Central Petroleum Corp 

Crown Metro, Inc 

Crown Zellerbach Corp., Chemical Products 
Div. 

Culver Chemical Co 

Cutter Laboratories, Inc 



Office address 



zetfec Chemicals Div 



Dan' River Mills, Inc- 
Dart Industries, Inc. 

Davi es -Young Co 

Dawe's Laboratories, Inc 

Degen Oil 6 Chemical Co 

DePaul Chemical Co., Inc- 

DeSoto, Inc 

Detrex Chemical Industries, Inc 

Dexter Chemical Corp 

Hysol Div 

Midland Div 

Diamond Shamrock Corp 

Diversey Corp., Diversey Chemical Co. Div- 

Dixie Chemical Co 

Dixie Chemical Products, Inc 

Dixie Pine Products Co., Inc 

Dominion Products, Inc 

Dover Chemical Co 

Dow Badische Chemical Co 

Dow Chemical Co 



Route 208, Fair Lawn, NJ 07410. 

556 Morris Ave., Summit, NJ 7901. 

556 Morris Ave., Summit, NJ 07901. 

556 Morris Ave., Summit, NJ 07901. 

P.O. Box 300, Tulsa, OK 74101. 

P.O. Box 297, Blue Island, IL 60406. 

P.O. Box 749, New Brunswick, NJ 08903. 

4342 S. Wolcoth Ave., Chicago, IL 60609. 

P.O. Box 146, Eighty Four, PA 15330. 

6th Fl., Lincoln Liberty Life Bldg., Houston, TX 

Main St., Tewksbury, MA 01876. 

300 Park Ave., New York, NY 10022. 

461 S. Boylston, Los Angeles, CA 90017. 

394 Frelinghuysen Ave., Newark, NJ 07114. 

Drawer G, Gramercy, LA 70052. 

P.O. Box 1483, Augusta, GA 30903. 

P.O. Box 1483, Augusta, GA 3090 3. 

912 Drake St., Columbia, SC 29205. 

380 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

P.O. Box 1522, Lake Charles, LA 70601. 

117 Ethel Ave., Hawthorne, NJ 07641. 

245 Park Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

P.O. Box 3623, Ponce, PR 00731. 

Bayard 6 Severn Sts., Baltimore, MD 21230. 

18th f, Garfield Sts., Kansas City, MO 64127. 

P.O. Box 236, Wilton, CT 06897. 

P. 0. Box 1100, Camden, NJ 08103. 

Wisconsin Rapids, WI 54494. 

270 Clifton Blvd., Clifton, NJ 07015. 

Park-Eighty Plaza Fast, Saddle Brook, NJ 07662. 

P.O. Box 389, Kansas City, MO 64141. 

P.O. Box 308, Lawrence, KS 66044. 

River Rd., W. Conshohocken, PA 19428. 

P.O. Box 2591, Baton Rouge, LA 70821. 

International Plaza, Englewood, NJ 07632. 

1401 Circle Ave., Forest Park, IL 60130. 

P.O. Box 1311, Big Spring, TX 79720. 

P.O. Box 68, Washington, WV 26181. 

225 Emmet St., Newark, NJ 07114. 

51 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10010. 

500 Pear St., Reading, PA 19603. 

P.O. Drawer 32, DeRidder, LA 70634. 
P.O. Box 1168, Baltimore, MD 21203. 
12 Dudley St., Providence, RI 02905. 
Camas, WA 98607. 

1502 N. 25th St., Melrose Park, IL 60160. 
4th and Parker Sts., Berkeley, CA 94710. 

Danville, VA 24541. 

P.O. Box 756, Elyria, OH 44035. 

705 Albany St., Dayton, OH 45401. 

4800 S. Richmond St., Chicago, IL 60632. 

200 Kellogg St., Jersey City, NJ 07305. 

44-27 Purvis St., Long Island City, NY 11101. 

1700 S. Mt. Prospect Ave., Des Plaines, IL 60015 

14331 Woodrow Wilson, Detroit, MI 48232. 

845 Edgewater Rd., Bronx, NY 10474. 

211 Franklin St., niean, NY 14760. 
E. Water St., Waukegan, IL 60085. 

300 Union Commerce Bldg., Cleveland, OH 44114. 

212 W. Monroe St., Chicago, IL 60606. 
3635 W. Dallas Ave., Houston, TX 77019. 
3635 W. Dallas Ave., Houston, TX 77019. 
P.O. Box 470, Hattiesburg, MS 39401. 
882 3d Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11232. 

15th and Davis Sts., Dover, OH 44622. 
Drawer D, Williamsburg, VA 23185. 
Hopkins Bldg., Midland, MI 48640. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 



255 



TABLE 2. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1968- -Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Dow Corning Corp 

Drew Chemical Corp 

Frank W. Dunne Co 

E. I. duPont de Nemours 6 Co., Inc 

Dye Specialties, Inc 

Eastern Color 5 Chemical Co 

Eastman Kodak Co 

Tennessee Eastman Co. Div 

Texas Eastman Co. Div 

East Shore Chemical Co., Inc 

Eastside Chemical Laboratory 

El Dorado Chemical Co 

Electro-Seal Glasflex Corp 

El Paso Products Co 

Emery Industries, Inc 

Western Div 

Emkay Chemical Co 

Endo Laboratories, Inc 

Eneco, Inc 

Enjay Chemical Co 

Enjay Fibers G Laminates Co. Div 

Epoxy lite Corp 

Escambia Chemical Corp 

Ethyl Corp 

Ethyl -Dow Chemical Co 

Evans Chemetics, Inc 

FMC Corp. : 

American Viscose Div 

Inorganic Chemicals Div 

Niagara Chemical Div 

Organic Chemicals Div 

Nitro Plant 

Fabricolor Manufacturing Corp 

Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc 

Farac Oil 5 Chemical Co., Div. of Handschy 
Chemical Co. 

Far-Best Corp., 0. L. King Div 

Farmers Chemical Association, Inc 

Farmer's Chemical Co 

Farnow, Inc 

Federal Color Laboratories, Inc 

Felton International, Inc 

Ferro Corp., Ferro Chemical Div 

Filtered Rosin Products Co 

Fine Organics, Inc 

Firestone Tire 6 Rubber Co. : 

Firestone Industrial Rubber Products Div 

Firestone Plastics Co. Div 

Firestone Synthetic Rubber S Latex Co. Div — 

First Chemical Corp 

Fisher Chemical Co., Inc 

Fisher Melamine Corp 

Fleming Laboratories, Inc 

Florasynth Laboratories, Inc 

Foote Mineral Co 

Formica Corp 

Foster Grant Co., Inc 

Foster-Heaton Co 

France, Campbell 5 Darling, Inc 

Franklin Chemical Co 

Freeman Chemical Corp 

Frisch G Co., Inc 

Fritzsche Bros., Inc 

H. B. Fuller Co 

Fuller-C Brien Corp 

GAF Corp.: 

IVestuff 6 Chemical Div 

Polymer Chemical Dept . , Textile Chemical Div- 
Gane's Chemical Works, Inc 



P.O. Box 582, Midland, MI 48640. 
416 Division St., Boonton, NJ 07005. 
1007 41st St., Oakland, CA 94608. 
DuPont Bldg., Wilmington, DE 19898. 
26 Journal Sq . , Jersey City, NJ 07306. 

35 Livingston St., Providence, RI 02904. 

343 State St., Rochester, NY 14650. 

P.O. Box 511, Kingsport, TN 37662. 

P.O. Box 2068, Longview, TX 75601. 

1180 Michigan Ave., Muskegon, MI 49440. 

12880 Be llevue- Richmond Rd . , Bellevue, WA 98004. 

P.O. Box 599, Oakland, CA 94604. 

Stirling, NJ 07980 

P.O. Box 3986, Odessa, TX 79760. 

4300 Carew Tower, Cincinnati, OH 45202. 

8733 S. Dice Rd . , Santa Fe Springs, CA 90670. 

319 2d St., Elizabeth, NJ 07206. 

1000 Stewart Ave., Garden City, NY 11530. 

P.O. Box 398, Memphis, TN 38101. 

60 W. 49th St., New York, NY 10020. 

Odenton, MP 21113. 

P.O. Box 3397, 1428 N. Tyler Ave., S. El Monte, CA 91733. 

P.O. Box 467, Pensacola, FL 32570. 

330 S. 4th St., Richmond, VA 23217. 

Midland, MI 48640. 

250 E. 43d St., New York, NY 10017. 



1617 John F. Kennedy Blvd., Philadelphia, PA 19103. 
633 3d Ave., New York, NY 10017 and Sawyer Ave. 5 

River Rd., Town of Tonawanda, NY 14150. 
100 Niagara St., Middleport, NY 14105. 
633 3d Ave., New York, NY 10017. 
633 3d Ave., New York, NY 10017. 
24-1/2 Van Houten St., Paterson, NJ 7505. 
117 Blanchard St., Newark, NJ 07105. 
13601 S. Ashlana Ave., Riversale, XL 60627. 

640 Gilman St., Berkeley, CA 94710. 

P.O. Box 87, Harrison, TN 37341. 

P.O. Box 591, 3713 W. Miin St., Kalamazoo, MI 49005. 

77 Jacobus Ave., S. Kearny, NJ 07032. 

4526 Chickering Ave., Cincinnati, OH 45232. 

599 Johnson Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11237. 

P. 0. Box 349, 7050 Knick Rd., Bedford, OH 44014. 

P. 0. Box 349, Baxley, GA 31513. 

205 Main St., Lodi, NJ 07644. 

P.O. Box 2290, Fall River, MA 02777. 

P.O. Box 699, Pottstown, PA 19464. 

381 W. Wilbeth Rd . , Akron, OH 44301. 

P.O. Box 1427, Pascagoula, MS 39567. 

580 Sylvan Ave., Fnglewood, NJ 07632. 

580 Sylvan Ave., Englewood, NJ 07632. 

P.O. Box 10372, Charlotte, NC 28201. 

900 Van Nest Ave., Bronx, NY 10462. 

Route 100, Exton, PA 19341. 

4614 Spring Grove Ave., Cincinnati, OH 45232. 

289 N. Main St., Leominster, MA 01453. 

16 E. 5th St., Paterson, NJ 07524. 

N. Michigan Ave., Kenilworth, NJ 07033. 

2020 Bruck St., Columbus, OH 43207. 

222 E. Main St., Port Washington, WI 53074. 

88 E. 11th St., Paterson, NJ 07524. 

76 9th Ave., New York, NY 10011. 

2400 Kasota Ave., St. Paul, MN 55108. 

450 E. Grand Ave., S. San Francisco, CA 94080. 



P.O. Box 12, Linden, NJ 07036. 

1228 Chestnut St., Chattanooga, TN 37402. 

535 Sth Ave., New York, NY 10017. 



256 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



TABLE 2. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1968- -Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Geigy Chemical Corp 

General Electric Co--; 

Insulating Materials Dept 

Silicone Products Dept 

General Foods Corp., Maxwell House Piv 

General Latex S Chemical Corp 

General Mills, Inc 

Chemical Div 

General Plastics Manufacturing Co 

General Tire 6 Rubber Co., Chemical Div 

P. D. George Co 

Georgia-Pacific Corp.: 

Bellingham Div 

Coos Bay Div 

Getty Oil Co 

Gillette Chemical Co., Div. of Gillette Co — 

Gilman Paint § Varnish Co 

Givaudan Corp 

Glyco Chemicals, Inc 

B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich Chemical 
Co. Div. 

Goodrich-Gulf Chemicals, Inc 

Goodyear Tire S Rubber Co 

Gordon Chemical Co., Inc 

W. R. Grace 5 Co. : 

Agricultural Chemical Group 

Dewey 6 Almy Chemical Div 

Dubois Chemicals Div 

Hampshire Chemical Div 

Hatco Chemical Div 

Marco Chemical Div 

Vestal Laboratories Div 

Grain Processing Corp 

Great American Plastics Co 

Great Lakes Chemical Corp 

Great Western Sugar Co 

Guardsman Chemical Coatings, Inc 

Gulf Oil Corp 

Perkins Glue, Chemicals Dept 

Guth Chemical Co 

H 6 N Chemical Co 

Haag Laboratories, Inc 

Halby Products Co., Inc 

C. P. Hall Co. of Illinois 

Hampden Color 8 Chemical Co 

Hanna Paint Manufacturing Co., Inc 

Harris Paint Co 

Harshaw Chemical Co., Div. of Kewanee Oil Co- 
Hart Products Corp 

Haveg Industries, Inc 

Hawkeye Chemical Co 

Hercor Chemical Corp 

Hercules, Inc 

Imperial Color § Chemical Dept 

Heresite 5 Chemical Co 

Hess Oil 5 Chemical Corp 

Het eroch emi cal Corp 

Hewitt Soap Co 

Hexagon Laboratories, Inc 

Hodag Chemical Corp 

Hoffmann- LaRoche, Inc 

Hoffman- Taff, Inc 

Holland Suco Color Co 

Hooker Chemical Corp 

Durez Div 

Ruco Div 

E. F. Houghton § Co 

Houston Chemical Corp 



444 Saw Mill River Rd., Ardsley, NY 10502. 

1 Plastics Ave., Coshocton, OH 43812, and 1 Plastics 

Ave., Pittsfield, MA 01203. 
1 River Rd., Schenectady, NY 12305. 
Waterford, NY 12188. 
1125 Hudson St., Hoboken, NJ 07030. 
666 Main St., Cambridge, MA 02139. 
Quimby St., Ossining, NY 10562. 
S. Kensington Rd., Kankakee, IL 60901. 
3481 S. 35th St., Tacoma, WA 98409. 
1708 Englewood Ave., Akron, OH 44309. 
5200 N. 2d St., St. Louis, MO 63147. 

P.O. Box 1236, Bellingham, WA 98225. 

P.O. Box 869, Coos Bay, OR 97420 

Delaware City, DE 19706. 

P.O. Box 362, N. Chicago, IL 60064. 

W. 8th and Pine Sts . , Chattanooga, TN 37401. 

125 Delawanna Ave., Clifton, NJ 07014. 
417 5th Ave., New York, NY 10016. 
3135 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, OH 44137. 

1717 E. 9th St., Cleveland, OH 44114. 
1144 E. Market St., Akron, OH 44313. 
88 Webster St., Worcester, MA 01603. 

P.O. Box 277, Memphis, TN 38101. 

62 Whittemore Ave., Cambridge, MA 02140. 

634 Broadway, Cincinnati, OH 45202. 

Poisson Ave., Nashua, NH 03060. 

629 Amboy St., Edison, NJ 08817. 

1711 W. Elizabeth Ave., Linden, NJ 07036. 

4963 Manchester Ave., St. Louis, MO 63110. 

1600 Oregon St., Muscatine, LA 52761. 

85 Water St., Fitchburg, MA 01420. 

P.O. Box 2200, West Lafayette, IN 47906. 

P.O. Box 5308, Terminal Annex, Denver, CO 80217. 

1350 Steele Ave., SW., Grand Rapids, MI 49502. 

P.O. Box 2100, Houston, TX 77001. 

632 N. Cannon Ave., Lansdale, PA 19446. 

332 S. Center St., Hillside, IL 60162. 

90 Maltese Dr., Totowa, NJ 07512. 
14010 S. Seeley Ave., Blue Island, IL 60406. 
600 Terminal Ave., New Castle, DE 19720. 
7300 S. Central Ave., Chicago, IL 60638. 

126 Memorial Dr., Springfield, MA OllOI. 
P.O. Box 147, Columbus, OH 43216. 
1010-26 N. 19th St., Tampa, FL 33601. 
1945 E. 97th St., Cleveland, OH 44106. 
1440 Broadway, New York, NY 10018. 

900 Greenbank Rd., Wilmington, DE 19808. 

P.O. Box 899, Clinton, LA 52733. 

P.O. Box 4198, Ponce, PR 00731. 

910 Market St., Wilmington, DE 19899. 

P.O. Box 231, Glens Falls, NY 12803. 

822 S. 14th St., Manitowoc, WI 54220. 

1 Hess St., Woodbridge, NJ 07095. 

Ill E. Hawthorne Ave,, Valley Stream, NY 11582. 

333 Linden Ave., Dayton, OH 45403. 
3536 Peartree Ave., Bronx, NY 10469. 

7247 N. Central Park Ave., Skokie, IL 60076. 

324 Kingsland St., Nutley, NJ 07110. 

P.O. Box 1246 S.S.S., Springfield, MO 65805. 

P.O. Box 2166, Huntington, WV 25722. 

Buffalo Ave. 6 47th St., Niagara Falls, NY 14302. 

Walck Rd., N. Tonawanda, NY 14121. 

New South Rd., Hicksville, NY 11802. 

303 W. Lehigh Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19133. 

1 Gateway Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15222 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 



257 



TABLE 2. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1968- -Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Humphrey Giemical Co 

Philip A. Htint Chemical Corp., Wayland 
Chemical Div. 

Huntington Laboratories, Inc 

Husky Briquetting, Inc 

Hynson, Westcott S Dunning, Inc 

ICI America, Inc 

ITT Rayonier, Inc 

Imoco-Gateway Corp., Chemical Services Div-- 

Industrial Biochemicals , Inc 

Industrial Dyestuff Co 

Inland Steel Co., Inland Steel Container Co- 
I nmont Corp 

Interchemical Corp., Finishes Div 

International Flavors 5 Fragrances, Inc 

International Minerals § Chemical Corp 

Interstate Chemical Co 

Inter-Pacific Resins, Inc 

Interplastic Corp., Commercial Resins Div.-- 

lonac Chemical Co., Div. of Sybron Corp 

Ironsides Resins, Inc 

Isocyanate Products, Inc 

Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc. 

Jennison-Wright Corp 

Andrew Jergens Co 

Jersey State Chemical Co 

Jewel Paint & Varnish Co 

S. C. Johnson 6 Son, Inc 

Jones-Blair Paint Co 

Jordan Chemical Co 

Kaiser Aluminum 5 Chemical Corp.: 

Kaiser Agricultural Chemicals Div 

Kaiser Chemical Div 

Kali l*nufacturing Co 

Kay-Fries Chemicals, Inc 

Kelly-Moore Paint Co 

Kelly-Pickering Chemical Corp 

Kennecott Copper Corp.: 

Chino Mines Div 

Utah Copper Div 

Kenrich Petrochemicals, Inc 

Ketona Chemical Corp 

Keysor Chemical Co 

Keystone Chemurgic Corp 

Keystone Color Works, Inc 

Knapp Products, Inc 

Knoedler 'Chemical Co 

Kohler-McLister Paint Co 

H. Kohnstamm 8 Co., Inc 

Koppers Co., Inc., Organic Materials Div 

Koppers Pittsburgh Co 

Kraftco Corp., Humko Products Div 

Kyanize Paints, Inc 

Lachat Chemicals, Inc 

Lakeside Laboratories, Div. of Colgate- 
Palmolive Co. 

Lake States, Div. of St. Regis Paper Co 

Lakeway Chemical Co 

LaMotte Chemical Products Co 

Lasco Industries, Inc 

Laurel Products Corp 

Leatex Chemical Co 

Lebanon Chemical Corp 

Lehn 6 Fink Products, Inc., Beacon Div 



Devine St. , 
P.O. Box 0, 



North Haven, CT 06473. 
Lincon, RI 02865. 



P.O. Box 710, Huntington, IN 467S0. 

P.O. Box 380, Cody, WY 82414. 

Charles and Chase Sts., Baltimore, MD 21201 

151 South St., Stamford, CT 06904. 

161 E. 42d St., New York, NY 10017. 

Howard 6 West Sts., Baltimore, MD 21230. 

U.S. Highway #1, Edison, NJ 08817. 

P.O. Box 4249, E. Providence, RI 02914. 

4300 W. 130th St., Chicago, IL 60658. 

150 Wagaraw Rd., Hawthorne, NJ 07506 and Berry Ave. 

and Route 17, Carlstadt , NJ 07072. 
5935 Milford Ave., Detroit, MI 48210. 
521 W. 57th St. New York, NY 10019 
5401 Old. Orchard Rd. , Skofcie, IL 60078 
501 Santa Fe, Kansas City, Mo 64105. 

P.O. Box 445, 1602 N. 18th Ave., Sweet Home, OR 97386. 
2015 N.E. Broadway St., Minneapolis, MN 55413 
Birmingham, NJ 08011. 
270 W. Mound St., Columbus, OH 43216. 
900 Wilmington Rd., New Castle, DE 19720. 

P.O. Box 53300, Houston, TX 77052. 

P.O. Box 691, Toledo, OH 43601 

2535 Spring Grove Ave., Cincinnati, OH 45214. 

59 Lee Ave., Haledon, NJ 07508. 

345 N. Western Ave., Chicago, IL 60612. 

1525 Howe St., Racine, WI 53403. 

6969 Denton Dr., Dallas, TX 75235. 

1830 Columbia Ave., Folcraft, PA 19032. 



P.O. Box 246, Savannah, GA 31402. 

P.O. Box 337, Gramercy, LA 70052. 

427 Moyer St., Philadelphia, PA 19125. 

360 Lexington Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

1015 Commercial St., San Carlos, CA 94070. 

956 Bransten Rd., San Carlos, CA 94070. 

Hurley, ^M 88043. 

P.O. Box 11299, Salt Lake City, UT 84111. 

Foot of E. 22d St., Bayonne, NJ 07002. 

P.O. Box 6565, Tarrant Branch, Birmingham, AL 3 

26000 Springfield Rd., Saugus , CA 91350. 

R.D. 2, Bethlehem, PA 18017. 

151 W. Gay Ave., York, PA 17403. 

180 Hamilton Ave., Lodi , NJ 07644. 

651 High St., Lancaster, PA 17604. 

1201 Osage St., Denver, CO 80201. 

161 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10013. 

Koppers Bldg., Pittsburgh, PA 15219. 

Koppers Bldg., Pittshurgh^ PA 15219. 

5050 Poplar Ave., Memphis, TN 38117. 

2d and Boston Sts., Everett, MA 02149. 



20200 Ashland Ave. 
1707 E. North Ave. 



Chicago Heights, IL 60411 
Milwaukee, WI 53201. 



603 W. Davenport St., Rhinelander, WI 54501. 

5025 Evanston Ave., Muskegon, MI 49443. 

Chestertown, MD 21620. 

1561 Chapin Rd., Montebello, CA 90640. 

2600 E. Tioga St., Philadelphia, PA 19134. 

2722 N. Hancock St., Philadelphia, PA 19133. 

P.O. Box 180, Lebanon, PA 17042. 

33 Richdale Ave., Cambridge, MA 02140. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



TABLE 2. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1968- -Continued 



Name of company 



office address 



B. L. Lemke 6 Co., Inc 

Leonard Refineries, Inc 

Lever Brothers Co 

C. Lever Co 

Fred'k H. Levy Co., Div. of Columbian 

Carbon Co. , Inc. 

Lignin Products Co 

Eli Lilly S Co 

Lubrizol Corp 

George Lueders 6 Co., Inc 

M 6 T Chemicals, Inc 

Magruder Color Co., Inc 

Mallinckrodt Chemical Works 

Marathon Oil Co., Texas Refining Div 

Marblette Co., Div. of Allied Products Corp 

Marden-Wild Corp 

Marlowe-Van Loan Corp 

Martin-Marietta Corp.: 

Ridgway Color 6 Chemical Div 

Southern Dyestuff Co. Div 

Max Marx Color 6 Chemical Co., Inc 

Masonite Corp., Alpine Chemical Div 

Matador Chemical Co., Inc. 

Mathe Chemical Co., Div. of Norac Co., Inc 

Maumee Chemical Co 

Otto B. May, Inc 

McCloskey Varnish Co 

McLaughlin Gormley King Co 

Medical Chemicals Corp 

Merck 5 Co., Inc 

Merichem Co 

J. Meyer fi Sons, Inc 

Michigan Chemical Corp 

Midwest Manufacturing Corp 

Miles Laboratories, Inc., Marschall Div 

Millmaster Onyx Corp.: 

A. Gross S Co. Div 

Millmaster Chemical Div., Berkeley 
Chemical Dept. 

Onyx Chemical Co. Div 

Refined-Onyx Div 

Mineral Oil Refining Co- 

Minnesota Mining 8 Manufacturing Co 

Minnesota Paints, Inc 

Miranol Chemical Co., Inc 

Mississippi Chemical Corp 

Mobay Chemical Co 

Mobil Chemical Co 

Mobil Oil Corp 

Mobil Chemical Co. Piv. , Industrial 
Chemical Div. 

Molded Fiber Glass Companies, Inc 

Mona Industries, Inc 

Monochem, Inc 

Monsanto Co 

Bircham Bend Plant 

Chocolate Bayou Plant 

Plastics Div 

Textiles Div 

Western Div 



199 Main St., Lodi, NJ (17644. 

E. Superior St., Alma, MI 48S01 

390 Park Ave., New York, NY 10022. 

Howard and Huntington Sts., Philadelphia, PA 19133. 

380 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10017. 



IN 46206 and G.P.O. 



P.O. Box 960, Erie, PA 16512. 
307 E. McCarty St., Indianapolis 

Box 4388, San Juan, PR 00936. 
29400 Lakeland Blvd., Wickliffe, OH 44092. 
427 Washington St., New York, NY 10013. 

Woodbridge Rd. and Randolph Ave., Rahway, NJ 07065. 

1 Virginia St., Newark, NJ 07114. 

3600 N. 2d St., St. Louis, MO 63147. 

P.O. Box 1191, Texas City, TX 77590. 

37-31 30th St., Long Island City, NY 11101. 

500 Columbia St., Somerville, MA 02143. 

1511 Joshua Circle, High Point, NC 27260. 

75 Front St., Ridgway, PA 15853. 

P.O. Box 10098, Charlotte, NC 28201. 

192 Coit St., Irvington, NJ 07111. 

P.O. Box 2392, Gulfport, MS 39503. 

P.O. Box 2256, Wichita, KS 67201 

169 Kennedy Dr., Lodi, NJ 07644. 

1310 Expressway Dr., Toledo, OH 43608. 

52 Amsterdam St., Newark, NJ 07105. 

7600 State Rd., Philadelphia, PA 19136. 

1715 S.E. 5th St., Minneapolis, MN 55414. 

4122 W. Grand Ave., Chicago, IL 60651. 

Lincoln Ave., Rahway, NJ 07065. 

1914 Haden Rd., Houston, TX 77015. 

4321 N. 4th St., Philadelphia, PA 19140. 

351 E. Ohio St., Chicago, IL 60611. 

Oak St. and Bluff Rd., Burlington, lA 52601. 

Myrtle and McNaughton Sts., Elkhart, IN 46514. 

295 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10017. 
99 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 

Warren and Morris Sts., Jersey City, NJ 07302. 

624 Schuyler Ave., Lyndhurst, NJ 07071. 

4401 Park Ave., Dickinson, TX 77539. 

3M Center, St. Paul, MN 55101. 

1101 S. 3d St., Minneapolis, m 55415. 

277 Coit St., Irvington, NJ 07111. 

P.O. Box 388, Yazoo City, MS 39194. 

Penn Lincoln Parkway, W. Pittsburgh, PA 15205. 

P.O. Box 3868, Beaumont, TX 77704; 7301 Bessemer Ave., 
Cleveland, OH 44127; 12815 Flmwood St., Cleveland, 
OH 44111; and P.O. Box 250, Edison, NJ 08817. 

P.O. Box 900, Dallas, TX 75221. 

401 E. Main St., Richmond, VA 23208. 

4601 Benefit Ave., Ashtabula, OH 44004. 

65 E. 23d St., Paterson, NJ 07524. 

P.O. Box 488, Geismar, LA 70734. 

800 N. Lindbergh Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63166 and 200 

N. 7th St., Kenilworth, NJ 07033. 
190 Grochmal Ave., Indian Orchard, MA 01051. 
P.O. Box 711, Alvin, TX 77511 
730 Worcester St., Indian Orchard. MA 01101; 5100 W. 

Jefferson Ave., Trenton, MI 48183; River Rd., 

Addyston, OH 45001; and P.O. Box 1311, Texas City, 

TX 77591. 
800 N. Lindbergh Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63166 and P.O. Be 

1507, Pensacola, FL 32502. 
9229 E. Marginal Way S., Seattle, WA 98108. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 



259 



TABLE 2o --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1968 --Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Montrose Chemical Corp. of California — 

Mooney Chemicals Inc 

Benjamin Moore 6 Co 

Moretex Chemical Products, Inc 

Morton Chemical Co 

Motomco, Inc 

Murphy-Phoenix Co 

NVFCo 

Nalco Chemical Co 

National Biochemical Co 

National Casein Co 

National Dairy Products Corp.: 

Sheffield Chemical Div 

National Distillers § Chemical Corp.: 

National Petro Chemical Corp. Div 

U.S. Industrial Chemicals Co. Div 

National Lead Co 

National Milling 6 Chemical Co 

National Polychemicals, Inc 

National Starch & Chemical Corp 

Nease Chemical Co., Inc 

Nepera Chemical Co., Inc 

Neville Chemical Co 

Nilok Chemicals, Inc 

Nipak, Inc 

Nitini, Inc., Sub. of Shulton, Inc 

Nitrin, Inc 

A. P. Nonweiler Co 

Norac Co., Inc 

Norda Essential Oil S Chemical Co., Inc- 

Norris Paint fi Varnish Co 

Norse Chemical Corp 

North American Chemical Co 

Northern Petrochemical Co., Varney Div-- 

Northrop Carolina, Inc 

Northwestern Chemical Co 

Northwest Petrochemical Corp 

Norwich Pharmacal Co 

Texize Chemicals, Inc. Div 

Nostrip Giemical Works, Inc 

Novamont Corp., Neal Works 

Nyanza, Inc 

O'Brien Corp 

Occidental Petroleum Corp., Occidental 
Chemical Co. Div. 

Olin Corp 

Agricultural Chemicals Div 

Thompson Plastics 

Orbis Products Corp 

Organics, Inc 

Original Bradford Soap Works, Inc 

C. J.. Osborn Ca 

Ottawa Chemical Co 

Ott Chemical Co 

Owens-Corning Fiberglas Corp 

P-L Biochemicals, Inc 

PPG Industries, Inc 

Pabco Paint Corp 

Pacific Resins 6 Chemical Co 

Pan American Petroleum Corp 

Pantasote Co. of New York, Inc 

Parke, Davis 6 Co 

Passaic Color 5 Chemical Co 

Patent Chemicals, Inc 

C. H. Patrick S Co., Inc 



5nn S. Virgil Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90005. 

2301 Scranton Rd., Cleveland, OH 44113. 

548 5th Ave., New York, NY 10036. 

314 W. Henry St., P.O. Box 1799, Snartanburg, SC 29301. 

110 N. Wacker Dr., Chicago, IL 60606. 
89 Terminal Ave., Glaxk, NJ 07066 
9505 Cassius Ave., Cleveland, OH 44105. 

700 Maryland Ave., Wilmington, DE 19899. 
180 N. Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60601. 
3127 W. Lake St., Chicago, IL 60612. 
601 W. aoth St.., Chicago, IL 60620. 

2400 Morris Ave., Union, NJ 07083. 

99 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 
99 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 

111 Broadway, New York, NY 10006. 

4601 Flat Rock Rd., Philadelphia, PA 19127. 

51 Fames St., Wilmington, MA 01887. 

750 3d Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

P.O. Box 221, State College, PA 16801. 

Route 17, Harriman, NY 10926. 

Neville Island P.O., Pittsburgh, PA 15225. 

5030 Millington Rd., P.O. Box 27134, Memphis, TN 38127. 

301 S. Hanwood St., Dallas, TX 75221. 

697 Rt. 46, Clifton, NJ 07015. 

P.O. Box 233. Cordova, IL 61242. 

P.O. Box 1007, Oshkosh, WI 54901. 

405 S. Motor Ave., Azusa, CA 91703. 

475 10th Ave., New York, NY 10001. 

P.O. Box 2023, Salem, OR 97308. 

2121 Norse Ave., Cudahy, WI 53110. 

19 Chestnut St., Cambridge, MA 02139. 

2001 Afton Rd., Janesville, WI 53545. 

P.O. Box 3049, Asheville, NC 28802. 

120 N. Aurora St., W. Chicago, IL 60185. 

P.O. Box 99, Anacortes, WA 98221. 

17 Faton Ave., Norwich, NY 13815. 

P.O. Box 368, Greenville, SC 29602. 

P.O. Box 160, Pedricktown, NJ 08067. 

P.O. Box 189, Kenova, WV 25530. 

Magunko Rd., Ashland, MA 01721. 

2001 W. Washington Ave., South Bend, IN 46621. 
P.O. Box 198, Lathrop. CA 95330. 



Stamford, CT 06904. 

.0. Box 991, Little Pock, AR 72203. 



120 Long Ridge Rd 

1120 Marshall St. 

Assonet, MA 02702. 

475 10th Ave., New York, NY 10018. 

1724 W. Greenleaf Ave., Chicago, IL 60628. 

200 Providence St., W. Warwick, RI 02893. 

1301 W. Blancke St., Linden, NJ 07036. 

700 N. Wheeling St., Toledo, OH 43605. 

500 Agard Rd . , Muskegon, MI 49945. 

P.O. Box 901, Toledo, OH 43601. 

1037 W. McKinley Ave., Milwaukee, WI 53205. 

1 Gateway Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15222. 

1710 59th St., P.O. Box 8502, Emeryville, CA 94608. 

3400 13th Ave. SW., Seattle, WA 98134. 

P.O. Box 591, Tulsa, OK 74102. 

26 Jefferson St., Passaic, NJ 07055. 

Foot of Jos. Campau, Detroit, MI 48232. 

28-36 Paterson St., Paterson, NJ 07501. 

335 McLean Blvd., Paterson, NJ 07504. 

P.O. Box 2526, Greensville, SC 29602. 



260 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



TABLE 2i --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1968- -Continued 



Identi- 
fication 
code 



CCH 

PEK 

PCH 

PEL 

PAI 

PAR 

PAS 

PER 

PHF 

UDI 

PTT 

PFN 

PCW 

PFZ 

PHR 

PLC 

PPR 

PIC 

PBY 

PIL 

PCI 

PPL 

PIT 

PLS 

PMC 

PLX 

PLU 

PFW 

PYL 

POL 

PTI 

PYR 

PYZ 

PVI 

GRS 

PRT 

PMP 

PPC 

PTP 

PRC 

PBI 

PG 

PC 

PRD 

PRC 

PUB 

PTO 

PRX 



QCP 
QKO 
QUN 

RSA 
RLS 
RAB 
RED 
REH 

RCI 

ceo 

REL 

REM 
REN 
RTF 



Name of company 



Pearsall Co 

Peck's Products Co 

Peerless Chemical Co 

Pelron Corp 

Pennsylvania Industrial Chemical Corp 

Pennsylvania Refining Co 

Pennwalt Corp 

Perry S Derrick Co., Inc 

Peter Hand Foundation, Inc 

Petrochemicals Co., Inc 

Petro-Tex Chemical Corp 

Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc 

Pfister Chemical, Inc 

Chas. Pfizer & Co., Inc 

Pharmachem Corp 

Phillips Petroleum Co 

Phillips Puerto Rico Cove, Inc 

Pierce Organics, Inc 

Pillsbury Co 

Pilot Chemical Co 

Pioneer Chemical Works, Inc 

Pioneer Plastics Corp 

Pitt-Consol Chemical Co 

Plastics Engineering Co 

Plastics Manufacturing Co 

PI ex Chemical Corp 

Plumb Chemical Corp 

Polak's Frutal Works 

Polychemical Laboratories, Inc 

Po lymer Corp 

Polymer Industries, Inc 

Poly Resins 

Polyrez Co. , Inc 

Polyvinyl Chemicals, Inc 

Pontiac Refining Corp 

Pratt f, Lambert, Inc 

Premier Malt Products, Inc 

Premier Petrochemical Co 

Preservative Paint Co 

Princeton Chemical Research, Inc 

Private Brands, Inc 

Procter 6 Gamble Co 

Proctor Chemical Co., Inc 

Productol Chemical Co., Inc 

Products Research 5 Chemical Corp 

Publicker Industries, Inc 

Puerto Rico Chemical Co., Inc 

Purex Corp. , Ltd 

Puritan Chemical Co 

Quaker Chemical Corp 

Quaker Oats Co 

K.J. Quinn § Co., Inc 

R.S.A. Corp 

Rachel le Laboratories, Inc 

Raybestos-Manhattan, Inc., Raybestos Div- 

Red Spot Paint § Varnish Co., Inc- 

Reheis Chemical Co., Div. of Armour 

Pharmaceutical Co. 
Reichhold Chemicals, Inc 

Rubber Chemicals Group 

Reilly Tar 6 Chemical Corp 

Reliance Universal, Inc 

Rel-Rez Div 

Remington Arms Co., Inc 

Renron Resins 

Retzloff Chemical Co 



Office address 



P. n. Box 108, Phillipsburg, NJ 08865. 
610 E. Clarence Ave., St. Louis, MO 63147 
3850 Oakman Blvd., Detroit, MI 48204. 
7847 W. 47th St., Lyons, IL 60534. 
120 State St., Clairton, PA 15025. 
Union Bank Bldg., Butler, PA 16001. 
3 Penn Center. Philadelphia, PA 19102. 
2510 Highland Ave., Norwood, OH 45212. 
2 E. Madison St., Waukegan, IL 60085. 
1825 E. Spring St., Long Beach, CA 90806. 
P.O. Box 2584, Houston, TX 77001. 
1219 Glen Rock Ave., Waukegan, IL 60085. 
Linden Ave., Ridgefield, NJ 07657. 
235 E. 42d St., New York, NY 10017. 
Broad and Wood Sts., Bethlehem, PA 18018. 
440 Frank Phillips Bldg., Bartlesville, OK 74003. 
GPO Box 4129, San Juan, PR 00936. 
3747 Meridian Rd., Rockford, IL 61103. 
60 8 2d Ave. S., Minneapolis, MN 5540 2. 
11756 Burke St., Santa Fe Springs, CA 90670. 
P.O. Box 237, Route 73, Maple Shade, NJ 08052. 
Pionite Rd., Auburn, ME 04210. 
191 Doremus Ave., Newark, NJ 07105. 
1607 Geele Ave., Sheboygan, WI 53081. 
2700 S. Westmoreland, Dallas, TX 75224. 
1205 Atlantic St., Union City, CA 94487. 
4837 James St., Philadelphia, PA 19137. 
33 Sprague Ave., Middletown, NY 10940. 
490 Hunts Point Ave.. Bronx, NY 10474. 
2120 Fairmont Ave., Reading, PA 19603. 
Viaduct Rd., Springctale, CT 06879. 
11655 Wicks St., Sun Valley, CA 91352. 
P.O. Box 320, Woodbury, NJ 08096. 
730 Main St., Wilmington, MA 01887. 
3400 Lawrence Dr., Corpus Christi, TX 78409. 
P.O. Box 22, Buffalo, NY 14240. 
917 W. Juneau Ave., Milwaukee, WI 53201. 
P.O. Box 100, Pasadena, TX 77501. 
8033 36th St. So., Seattle, WA 98108. 
P.O. Box 651, Princeton, NJ 08540. 
300 S. 3d St., Kansas City, KS 66118. 
Ivorydale Technical Ctr., Cincinnati, OH 45217. 
P.O. Box 399, Salisbury, NC 28144. 
615 S. Flower St., Los Angeles, CA 90017. 
2919 Empire Ave., Burbank, CA 91504. 
1429 Walnut St., Philadelphia, PA 19102. 
P.O. Box 157, Arecibo, PR 00612. 
5101 Clark Ave., Lakewood, CA 90712, and 2244 N. Elston 

Ave., Chicago, IL 60614. 
916 Ashby St., NW., Atlanta, GA 30318. 

Lime, Elm and Sandy Sts., Conshohocken, PA 19428. 
345 Merchandise Mart Plaza, Chicago, IL 60654. 
195 Canal St., Maiden, Mt. 02148. 

690 Sawmill River Rd., Ardsley, NY 1050 2. 
700 Ffenry Ford Ave., Long Beach, CA 90810. 
75 E. Main St., Stratford, CT 06601. 
966 E. Columbia St., Evansville, IN 47708. 
325 Snyder Ave., Berkeley Heights, NJ 07922. 

525 N. Broadway, White Plains, NY 10602. 
2508 E. Bailey Rd., Cuyahoga Falls, OH 44221. 
11 S. Meridian St., Indianapolis, IN 46204. 
6901 Cavalcade St., Houston, TX 77001. 
4730 Crittenden Dr., Louisville, KY 40221. 
939 Barnum Ave., Bridgeport, CT 06602. 
P.O. Box 1191, New Bern, NC 28560. 
P.O. Box 45296, Houston, TX 77045. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 



261 



TABLE 2; --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1968- -Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Rexall Drug § Chemical Co., Rexall 
Chemical Co. Div. 

Fib erf i 1 Piv 

Rezolin, Inc 

Rhodia, Inc 

Richardson Co 

Richardson Polymers Div 

Riker Laboratories, Div. of Rexall Drug 

fi Chemical Co. 

F. Ritter S Co 

Ritter Chemical Co. , Inc 

Riverdale Chemical Co 

Robeco Chemicals, Inc 

Roberts Chemicals, Inc 

Roehr Chemicals, Inc 

Rogers Corp 

Rohm f, Haas Co 

Rosenberg Bros. 5 Co 

Royce Chemical Co 

Rubicon Chemicals, Inc 

SCM Corp. : 

Famous Foods Div 

Glidden-Durkee Div 

Safeway Stores, Inc., Newport Products Co 

Div. 

Salsbury Laboratories 

Salem Oil S Grease Co 

Sandoz, Inc 

Dyestuff 6 Chemical Div 

Sartomer Resins, Inc 

Schaefer Varnish Co., Inc 

Schenectady Chemicals, Inc 

Scher Bros., Inc 

R.P. Scherer Corp 

Sobering Corp 

Scholler Bros., Inc 

Seaboard Chemicals, Inc 

G. D. Searle 5 Co 

Selney Co., Inc 

Seydel-Woolley 5 Co., Inc 

Shanco Plastics 6 Chemicals, Inc 

Shell Oil Co 

Shell Chemical Co. Div 

Shepherd Chemical Co 

Sherwin-Williams Co 

George F. Siddall Co., Inc 

Signal Oil 6 Gas Co 

Simpson Timber Co 

Sinclair- Kpppers Chemical Co 

Sinclair- Koppers Co 

Sinclair Oil Corp. 6 Chemical Div. 

Sinclair Paint Co 

James B. Sipe S Co 

Skelly Oil Co 

G. Frederick Smith Chemical Co 

Smith, Kline 6 French Laboratories 

Solar Chemical Corp 

Soluol Chemical Co., Inc 

Solvent Chemical Co., Inc 

Sonford Chemical Co 

Sonoco Products Co 

Sou-Tex Chemical Co., Inc 

Southeastern Adhesives Co 

Southern Biochemical Corp 

Southern Chemical Products Co 

Southern Sizing Co 

Spaulding Fibre Co., Inc 

E, R. Squibb 6 Sons, Inc 

Staley Chemicals 

A. E. Staley Manufacturing Co 



P.O. Box .^7, Paramus, NJ 07652. 

1701 N. Heidelbach Ave., Evansville, IN 47717. 
20701 Nordhoff St., Chatsworth , CA 91311. 
600 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10022. 
2708 Lake St., Melrose Park, IL 60160. 
425 Morgan Lane, West Haven, CT 06516. 
19901 Nordhoff St., Northridge, CA 91324. 

4001 Goodwin Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90039. 

403 W. Main St., Amsterdam, NY 12010. 

220 E. 17th St., Chicago Heights, IL 60411. 

51 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10010. 

P.O. Box 546, Nitro, WV 25143. 

52-20 37th St., Long Island City, NY 11101. 

Main St., Pogers , CT 06263. 

Independence Mall West, Philadelphia, PA 19105. 

100 Landing Ave., Smithtown, NY 11787. 

E. Rutherford P.O., E. Rutherford, NJ 07073. 

P.O. Box 517, Geosmar, LA 70734. 



2333 W. Logan Blvd., Chicago, IL 60647. 

900 Union Commerce Bldg., Cleveland, OH 44115. 

1501 Mariposa St., San Francisco, CA 94107. 

500 Gilbert St., Charles City, lA 50616. 

60 Grove St., Salem, MA 01970. 

P.O. Box 357, Fair Lawn, NJ 07410. 

Route No. 10, Hanover, NJ 07936. 

P.O. Box 56, Essington, PA 19029. 

1350 S. 15th St., Louisville, KY 40210. 

Congress St. and 10th Ave., Schenectady, NY 12301. 

P.O. Box 538, Allwood Station, Clifton, NJ 07012. 

9425 Grinnell Ave., Detroit, MI 48213, 

1011 Morris Ave., Union, NJ 07083. 

Collins and Westmoreland Sts., Philadelphia, PA 19134. 

30 Foster St., Salem, MA 01970. 

P.O. Box 5110, Chicago, IL 60680. 

7 Park Ave.. New York, NY 10016. 

762 Marietta Blvd., NW., Atlanta, GA 30318. 

Ill Wales St., Tonawanda, NY 14150. 

52 W. 52d St., New York, NY 10020. 

52 W. 52d St., New York, NY 10020. 

5000 Poplar St., Cincinnati, OH 45212. 

101 Prospect Ave., NW. , Cleveland, OH 44101. 

P.O. Box 925, Spartanburg, SC 29301. 

P.O. Box 5008, Houston, TX 77012. 

2301 N. Columbia Blvd., Portland, OR 97217. 

9822 La Porte Freeway, Houston, TX 77012. 

900 Koppers Bldg., Pittsburgh, PA 15219. 

600 5th Ave., New York, NY 10020. 

3960 E. Washington Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90023. 

P.O. Box 13090, Pittsburgh, PA 15243. 

P.O. Box 1650, Tulsa, OK 74102. 

867 McKinley Ave., Columbus, OH 43223. 

1500 Spring Garden St., Philadelphia, PA 19101. 

15 Fuller St., Leominster, MA 01453. 

Green Hill and Market Sts., W. Warwick, RI 02893. 

341 Commercial St., Maiden, MA 02148. 

P.O. Box 127, Port Neches, TX 77651. 

2d St., Hartsville, SC 29550. 

E. Catawba Ave., Mount Holly, NC 28120. 

P.O. Box 791, Lenoir, NC 2864S . 

P.O. Box 2526, Greenville, SC 29602. 

420 Lower Boundary St., P.O. Box 205, Macon, GA 31202. 

P.O. Box 90987, East Point, GA 30344. 

310 Wheeler St., Tonawanda, NY 14150. 

460 Park Ave., New York, NY 10022. 

320 Schuyler Ave., Kearny, NJ 07032. 

22d and Eldorado Sts., Decatur, IL 62525 



262 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



TABLE 2. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1968-- Continued 



Name of company 



Office addre 



Stamford Chemical Industries, Inc 

Standard Brands, Inc., Clinton Corn 
Processing Co. Div. 

Standard Brands Chemical Industries, Inc 

Paisley Div 

Standard Chemical Products, Inc 

Standard Chlorine of Delaware, Inc 

Standard Oil Co. of California, Chevron 
Chemical Co. 

Standard Oil Co. of Ohio 

Standard Pyroxoloid Corp 

Stange Co 

Stauffer Chemical Co. : 

Agricultural Div 

Calhio Chemicals Div 

Cowles Chemical Div 

Cowles Chemical Div., Benzol Products 

Industrial Chemical Div 

Specialty Chemical Div 

Stein, Hall 5 Co., Inc 

Stepan Chemical Co 

Maywood Div 

Sterling Drug, Inc.: 

Glenbrook Laboratories Div 

Hilton-Davis Chemical Co. Div 

Salvo Chemical Div 

Thomasset Colors Div 

Winthrop Laboratories Div 

Sugar Beet Products Co 

Sullivan Varnish Co 

Summit Chemical Products Corp 

Sun Chemical Corp 

Ch emi cals Div 

Pigments Div 

Sunkist Growers, Inc 

Sun Oil Co. : 

DX Div 

Suno CO Div 

SunOlin Chemical Co 

Suntide Refining Co 

Swift 6 Co., Swift Chemical Co. Div 

Synthetic Chemicals, Inc 

Synthetic Products Co 

Synvar Corp ■- 

TRW, Inc., IRC Div 

Tanatex Chemical Corp 

Charles S. Tanner Co 

Teknor Apex Co 

Tenneco Chemicals, Inc 

Cal/Ink Div 

Nuodex Div 

Tenneco Colors Div 

Tenneco Plastics Div 

Tenneco Oil Co., Refining 6 Marketing 

Accounting. 
Tennessee Copper Co., Div. of Tennessee Corp- 

Terra Chemicals International, Inc 

Texaco, Inc 

Texas Alkyls, Inc 

Texas-U.S. Chemical Co 

Tex Chem Co 

Text il ana Corp 

Text il ana- Nease, Inc 

Textron, Inc., Spencer Kellogg Div 

Thiokol Chemical Corp 

Thomason Industries, Inc., Southern Resin 
Div. 



P.O. Box 1131, Stamford, CTn6940. 

1251 Beaver Channel Parkway, Clinton, lA 52733. 

P.O. Drawer K, Dover, DE 19901. 

P.O. Drawer K, Dover, DE 19901. 

1301 Jefferson St., Hoboken, NJ 07030. 

1035 Belleville Turnpike, Kearny, NJ 07032. 

200 Bush St., San Francisco, CA 94120. 

Midland Bldg.. Cleveland, OH 44115. 
85 Pleasant St., Leominster, MA 01453. 
342 N. Western Ave., Chicago, IL 60612. 

299 Park Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

299 Park Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

12000 Shaker Blvd., Cleveland, OH 44120. 

Menlo Park Office Bldg., Edison, NJ 08817. 

299 Park .Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

299 Park Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

605 3d Ave., New York, NY 10016. 

R.R. #1, Elwood, IL 60421. 

100 W. Hunter .Ave., Maywood, NJ 07607 

90 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 

2235 Langdon Farm Rd., Cincinnati, OH 45237. 

Military Rd., Rothschild, WI 54474. 

120 Lister Ave., Newark, NJ 07105. 

90 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 

302 Waller St., Saginaw, MI 48605, 

410 N. Hart St., Chicago, IL 60622. 

11 Williams St., Belleville, NJ 07109. 

1106 Harrison Ave., Kearny, NJ 07032 and 135 W. Lake St. 

North Lake, IL 60164. 
Wood River Junction, RI 02894. 
441 Tompkins Ave., Staten Island, NY 10305. 
720 E. Sunkist St., Ontario, CA 91764. 

P.O. Box 2039, Tulsa, OK 74102. 

1608 Walnut St., Philadelphia, PA 19103. 

P.O. Box F, Claymont, DE 19703. 

P.O. Box 2608, Corpus Christi, TX 78403. 

1211 W. 22d St., Oak Brook, IL 60521. 

335 McLean Blvd., Paterson, NJ 07504. 

1636 Wayside Rd., Cleveland, OH 44112. 

917 Washington St., Wilmington, DE 19899. 

401 N. Broad St., Philadelphia, PA 19108. 
P.O. Box 388, Lyndhurst, NJ 07071. 
P.O. Box 3867, Greensville, SC 29608. 
505 Central Ave., Pawtucket, RI 02662. 
280 Park Ave., New York, NY 10017. 
711 Camelia St., Berkeley, CA 94710. 
P.O. Box 2, Piscataway, NJ 08854. 
P.O. Box 51, Reading, PA 19603. 
P.O. Box 2, Piscataway, NJ 08854. 
P.O. Box 2511, Houston, TX 77001. 

Copperhill, TN 37317. 

507 6th St., Sioux City, lA 51121. 

135 E. 42d St., New York, NY 10017. 

P.O. Box 600, Deer Park, TX 77536. 

P.O. Box 667, Port Neches, TX 77651. 

20-21 Wagaraw Rd., Fair Lawn, NJ 07410. 

12607 Cerise Ave., Hawthorne, CA 90250. 

2140 S. 88th St., Edwardsville, KS 66022. 

120 Delaware Ave., Buffalo, NY 14240. 

P.O. Box 27, Bristol, PA 19007. 

P.O. Drawer 1600, Fayetteville, NC 28302. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 



263 



TABLE 2. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1968- -Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Wm. T. Thomspon Co., Thompson 

Chemicals Div. 

Thompson-Hayward Chemical Co 

Ticonderoga Chemical Corp 

Tizon Chemical Corp 

Toms River Chemical Corp 

Arthur C. Trask Co 

Troy Chemical Co 

Trylon Chemicals, Inc 

Joseph Turner 5 Co 

USS Agri-Chemicals, Inc 

USS Chemicals Div. of U.S. Steel Corp 

Paul Uhlich S Co., TnC 

Ungerer 6 Co 

Union-Camp Corp., Chemical Div 

Union Carbide Corp 

Union Oil Co. of California 

Union Starch f, Refining Co., Inc 

Uniroyal, Inc., Chemical Div 

United Chemical Corp. of Norwood 

United Chemical Products Corp 

United Merchants 5 Manufacturers, Inc., Roma 

Chemical Div. 

United Oil Manufacturing Co 

U.S. Borax Research Corp 

U.S. Oil Co., Inc 

U.S. Pipe § Foundry Co 

U.S. Plywood-Champion Papers, Inc., California 

Div., Shasta Operations. 

Universal Chemicals Corp 

Universal Oil Products Co 

UOP Chemical Piv 

Upjohn Co 

Carwin Organic Chemicals 

Va 1 ch em 

Valentine Sugars, Inc., Valite Div 

Valley Nitrogen Producers, Inc 

Van De Mark Chemical Co., Inc 

Vanderbilt Chemical Corp 

Van Dyk 6 Co., Inc 

Velsicol Chemical Corp 

Ventron Corp., Metal Chemicals Div 

Vermi lye- Be 11 

Verona-Pharma Chemical Corp 

Vlckers Refining Co., Inc 

Vineland Chemical Co 

Virginia Chemicals, Inc 

Vistron Corp 

Silmar Div 

Vitamins, Inc 

Vulcan Materials Co., Chemicals Div 

Wallace 6 Tiernan, Inc.: 

March em Div 

Lucidol Div 

Warner-Jenkinson Manufacturing Co 

Warner Machine Products, Inc., Warner 

Chemical Div. 

Washine Chemical Corp 

West Coast Adhesives Co 

Westinghouse Electric Corp., Industrial 

Plastics Div., Chemical Products Plant. 

Weston Chemical Co., Inc 

Westvaco Corp. : 

Chemical Div., Tall Oil Dept 

Polychemicals Div 

Weyerhaeuser Co 

White 6 Bagley Co 

White 5 Hodges, Inc 



3028 Locust St., St. Louis, MD 63103. 

5200 Speaker Rd., Kansas City, KS 66110. 

P.O. Box 745, Marguerite Ave., Leominster, MA 01453. 

Flemington, NJ 08822. 

P.O. Box 71, Toms River, NJ 08753. 

327 S. LaSalle St., Chicago, IL 60604. 

338 Wilson Ave., Newark, NJ 07105. 

P.O. Box 600, Mauldin, SC 29662. 

Pleasant View Terrace, Ridgefield, NJ 07451. 

P.O. Box 1685, Atlanta, CA 30301. 

Grant Bldg., Pittsburgh, PA 15219. 

90 West St., New York, NY 10006. 

161 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10013. 

P.O. Box 6170, Jacksonville, FA 32205. 

270 Park Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

461 S. Boylston St., Los Angeles, CA 90017. 

900 19th St., Granite City, IL 62040. 

Naugatuck, CT 06770. 

P.O. Box 367, Endicott St., Norwood, MA 02062. 

York and Colgate Sts . , Jersey City, NJ 07302. 

749 Quequechan St., Fall River, MA 2721. 

2d and Cascade Sts., Erie, PA 16512. 
3075 Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90005. 
P.O. Box 4228, E. Providence, RI 02914. 
3300 1st Ave. N. , Birmingham, AL 35202. 
P.O. Box 2317, Redding, CA 96001. 

1224 Mendon Rd. , Ashton, RI 02864. 
30 Algonquin Rd., Des Plaines, IL 60018. 
State Highway 17, E. Rutherford, NJ 07073. 
7000 Portage Rd . , Kalamazoo, MI 49001. 
Sackett Point Rd., North Haven, CT 06473. 

1407 Broadway, New York, NY 10018. 

726 IVhitney Bldg., New Orleans, LA 70130. 

1221 Van Ness Ave., Fresno, CA 93721. 

N. Transit Rd., Lockport, NY 14094. 

33 Winfield St., E. Norwalk, CT 06801. 

Main f, Williams Sts., Belleville, NJ 07109. 

341 E. Ohio St., Chicago, IL 60611. 

Congress St., Beverly, MA 01915. 

21707 Bothell Way, Bothell, WA 98011. 

lonio Ct., Union, NJ 07083. 

P.O. Box 2240, Wichita, KS 67201. 

W. Wheat Rd., Vineland, NJ 08360. 

3340 W. Norfolk Rd . , Portsmouth, VA 23703. 

720 Republic Bldg., Cleveland, OH 44115. 

12335 S. Van Ness Ave., Hawthorne, CA 90250. 

401 N. Michigan Ave., Suite 2730, Chicago, IL 60611. 

P.O. Box 545, Wichita, KS 67201. 



110 E. Hanover Ave., Cedar Knolls, NJ 07927. 
1740 Military Rd. , Buffalo-, NY 14240. 
2526 Baldwin St., St. Louis, MO 63106. 
1200 Rochester Ave., Muncie, IN 47302. 

165 Main St., Lodi , NJ 07644. 

11104 NW. Front Ave., Portland, OR 97231. 

Manor, PA 15665. 

104 E. 40th St., New York, NY 10016. 

P.O. Box 5207, N. Charleston, SC 29406. 
P.O. Box 5207, N. Charleston, SC 29406. 
115 S. Palmetto Ave., Marshfield, WI 54449. 
P.O. Box 1171, Worcester, MA 01601. 
576 Lawrence St., Lowell, MA 01852. 



264 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



TABLE 2, --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1968 



Identi- 
fication 
code 


Name of company 


Office address 


WLI 
WHL 
VfflC 

WHW 
WIC 

WIL 

WM 

WTC 

KEN 

WCC 

WOB 

WOD 

WAW 

WRC 

WON 

WBC 

WYN 

WYC 

WYT 

YAW 




Galloping Hill Rd., Kenilworth, NJ 07033. 
19 N. Railroad St., Myerstown, PA 17067. 
3540 Aero Ct . , San Diego. CA 92123. 

62 Alford St., Boston, MA 02129. 
P.O. Box 506, Charlotte, NC 28201. 

4221 S. Western Blvd., Chicago, IL 60609. 

Jackson and Swanson Sts . , Philadelphia, PA 19148. 

P.O. Box 305, Paramus, NJ 07652. 

77 N. Kendall Ave., Bradford, PA 16701. 

P.O. Box 1243, Wilmington, CA 90744. 

1200 Firrison Ave., Harrison, NJ 07029. 

P.O. Box 788, St. Joseph, MO 64505. 

108 Spring St., Everett, MA 02149. 

Park PI. E., Wood Ridge, NJ 07075. 

176 Sunnyside Ave., Woonsocket, RI 02895. 

Halls Mills Rd., Freehold, NJ 07728. 

1609 Biddle Ave., Wyandotte, MI 48192. 

P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, CO 80901. 

P.O. Box 8299, Paoli, PA 19101. 

2731 Boston St., Baltimore, MD 21224. 




Whittaker Corp., Research f, Development/ 
San Diego. 




Wilson Pharmaceutical 6 Chemical Corp.: 












Woodbury Chemical Co 

W. A. Wood Co 


Woonsocket Color 6 Chemical Co 




Wycon Chemical Co 

Wyeth Laboratories, Inc., Div. of American 
Home Products Corp. 





U.S. IMPORTS OF BENZENOID INTERMEDIATES 
AND FINISHED BENZENOID PRODUCTS 



265 



Table 3 summarizes, for 1967 and 1968, U.S. imports of benzenoid chemicals and prod- 
ucts entered under the Tariff Schedules of the United States (TSUS) , schedule 4, part 1, 
subparts B and C. The data, which were obtained by analyzing invoices covering imports 
through U.S. customs districts, are given in detail in a separate report of the Tariff Com- 
mission. ' 

In 1968, general imports of benzenoid intermediates entered under part IB, comprised 
663 items with a total weight of 71.4 million pounds, and an invoice value of $38.8 million, 
compared with 71.8 million pounds, with an invoice value of $28.2 million, in 1967. Half 
of these intermediate products were declared to be "competitive" (duty based on "American 
selling price"). In terms of value, 52 percent of all the intermediates imported in 1968 
came from West Germany; 14 percent, from Japan, and 11 percent, from the United Kingdom. 
The remaining imports came mainly from Switzerland, Italy, Canada, and France. Imports 
from West Germany in 1968 increased to $19.9 million from $13.2 million in 1967. In 1968, 
imports from Switzerland increased to $4.0 million, from $2.5 million in 1967. Imports in 
1968 from Italy increased to $2.9 million from $2.6 million in 1967. Imports from Canada 
amounted to $1.1 million in 1968, compared with $2.3 million in 1967, while imports from 
France totaled $406,000, compared with $640,000 in 1967. 

In 1968, 16 chemicals accounted for approximately 63 percent of the quantity of imports 
of benzenoid intermediates. The large-volume intermediates imported in 1968 and their 
principal sources are: 



Intermediates Quantity 

[1,000 pounds) 

Phthalic anhydride 11,124 

Styrene monomer 9,439 

Polyalkylbenzene 8,283 

2-Naphthol 2,681 

4-(p-Chlorophenoxyphenyl) 

isocyanate 1,774 

H acid and salts 1,705 

m,p-Cresol 1,454 

Acetoacetanilide 1,112 

Phthalocyanine crude, copper salt 1,076 

B. 0. N. 1,043 

Sodium naphthionate 1,020 

3, 3'-Dichlorobenzidine, base 

and salts 929 

Anthracene, refined 837 

Bromamine acid 791 

Anthraquinone 745 

Ethy lb enzene 736 



Principal sources 
(except as noted) 

West Germany, Italy, Canada 

Canada 

Italy (all) 

Italy, West Germany 

West Germany, Switzerland 

Italy, West Germany, Japan 

Japan, United Kingdom 

United Kingdom, Switz., Japan 

Japan, West Germany 

West Germany, Italy 

Japan, West Germany 

West Germany, Japan 
West Germany, France 
West Germany, Switzerland 
Japan, West Germany 
Canada (all) 



Imports of the benzenoid intermediates classified as rubber-processing chemicals amounted 
to 313,000 pounds in 1968, compared with 307,000 pounds in 1967, and 408,000 pounds in 1966. 

In 1968 imports of all finished benzenoid products that are dutiable under part IC com- 
prise 2,198 listed items, with a total weight of 55.4 million pounds and an invoice value of 
$68.4 million. In 1967, imports consisted of 2,227 items, with a total weight of 45.9 mil- 
lion pounds and an invoice value of $54.3 million. The most important group of finished 
benzenoid products imported in 1968 was benzenoid dyes. Imports of dyes amounted to $33.7 
million (invoice value), or 49.3 percent of the value of all imports under IC. In 1967, 
imports of dyes amounted to $23.4 million (invoice value), or 43.0 percent of the value of 
all imports under part IC. 



Imports of Benzenoid Chemicals and Products, 1968, TC Publication 290, 1969 [processed] 



266 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1968 



Imports of medicinals and pharmaceuticals, the next most important group of products 
entered under part IC in 1968, decreased in 1968, compared with 1967. In 1968, imports of 
medicinals and pharmaceuticals were valued at $11.7 million (invoice value], or 17.1 percent 
of the total value of imports under part IC. In 1967, imports of medicinals and pharma- 
ceuticals were valued at $11.9 million, or 22.0 percent of the total value of imports under 
part IC. 

As in 1967, imports of benzenoid pigments increased in 1968. In 1968, imports of 
these products were valued at $4.3 million, compared with $2.9 million in 1967. 

Imports of benzenoid flavor and perfume materials increased in 1968. In 1968, inports 
of these products were valued at $4.0 million, compared with $2.8 million in 1967. In 1968, 
imports of other benzenoid products entered under part IC (chiefly polyamide resins and 
pesticides) were valued at $14.7 million, compared with $13.3 million in 1967. 



TABLE 



-Benzenoid intermediates and finished benzenoid products: 
imports, classified by use, 1967 and 1968 



U.S. general 



Product 



Quantity 



Invoice 
value 



1968 



Quantity 



Invoice 
value 



Intermediates ^ 

Finished benzenoid products, total 

Dyes , total 

Acid 

Azoic dyes 

Azoic components : 

Fast color bases 

Fast color salts 

Naphthol AS and its derivatives 

Basic 

Direct 

Disperse 

Fiber- reactive 

Fluorescent brightening agents 

Mordant 

Solvent 

Sulfur 

Vat 

All other 

Pigments (toners and lakes) 

Medicinals and pharmaceuticals 

Flavor and perfume materials 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 

71,779 

45,907 



1,000 
do I lars 



28,230 



54,340 



12,812 

2,168 

5 

648 

273 

749 

1,198 

794 

2,358 

1,188 

250 

367 

20 3 

89 

2,455 

3 67 

1,485 

4,581 

1,740 

25,289 



1,000 
pounds 



71,426 



55,414 



23,382 



2,944 
11,935 

2,758 
13,321 



19,133 
3,055 



79 8 

297 

716 

1,356 

1,155 

3,743 

1,909 

423 

411 

385 

154 

4,585 

3 146 

1,990 

4,134 

2,478 

27,679 



1,000 
dollars 



38,820 
68,436 



33,722 



4,307 
11,710 

4,022 
14,675 



Includes small quantities of rubber-processing chemicals. 
^ Imports of azoic dyes in 1968 were 353 pounds . 
Includes ingrain dyes. 

Includes organic pesticides and related products, plasticizers, surface-active agents, 
and textile assistants. 

Source: Compiled from the records of the U.S. Bureau of Customs. 



U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1970 O - 388-333 



I