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Full text of "Synthetic organic chemicals"

BOSTON 

PUBLIC 
LBRARY 




UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

United States Production 
and Sales, 1969 

TC Publication 412 




Boston Public Library 
Superintendent of Documents 

SEP 24 1971 

DEPOSITORY 



RECENT REPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION ON SYNTHETIC 

ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

*Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1964 (TC Publication 167, 

1965) 
Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1965 (TC Publication 206 » 

1967), $1.00 
Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1966 (TC Publication 248, 

1968), $1.50 
Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1967 (TC Publication 295, 

1969), $2.00 
Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1968 (TC Publication 327, 

1970), $2.00 



NOTE.— The report preceded by an asterisk (•) is out of print. The other reports listed above may be purchased 
Irom the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. All U.S. Tariff 
Commission reports reproduced by the Government Printing Office may be consulted in the official depository 
libraries throughout the United States. 



UMTED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

United States Production 
and Sales, 1969 



UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF 
SECTION 332 OF THE TARIFF 
ACT OF 1930, AS AMENDED 



U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
WASHINGTON : 1971 



TC Publication 412 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Catherine Bedell, Chairman 
Glenn W. Sutton 
Will E. Leonard, Jr. 
George M. Moore 
J. Banks Young 

Kenneth R. Mason, Secretary 



Address all communications 

UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Washington, D.C. 20436 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office 
Washington, B.C. 20402 - Price $2 
Stock Number 4900-0028 



CONTENTS 

Page 

Introduction-^ 1, 

Summary 3 

Tar and tar crudes 7 

Crude products from petroleum and natural gas 

for chemical conversion 13 

Cyclic intermediates 21 

Benzenoid 'dyes 55 

Benzenoid pigments 91 

Medicinal chemicals 103 

Flavor and perfume materials 123 

Plastics and resin materials 133 

Rubber-processing chemicals 143 

Elastomers 151 

Plasticizers 155 

Surface- active agents 163 

Pesticides and related products 189 

Miscellaneous chemicals 199 

Appendix: 

Directory of manufacturers 237 

U.S. imports of benzenoid intermediates and 

finished benzenoid products 251 



HI 



INTRODUCTION 

This is the fifty-third annual report of the U.S. Tariff Commission on domestic production 
and sales of synthetic organic chemicals and the raw materials from which they are made. The 
format of the annual report has been changed somewhat from that used in previous years, but the 
general contents remain the same. The report is made up of fourteen sections, each covering a 
specified group (based principally on use) of synthetic organic chemicals as follows: tar and 
tar crudes; crude products from petroleum and natural gas; intermediates; dyes; benzenoid pigments; 
medicinal chemicals; flavor and perfume materials; plastics and resin materials; rubber-processing 
chemicals; elastomers; plasticizers; surface-active agents; pesticides and related products; and 
miscellaneous organic chemicals. 

This report covers U.S. production and sales of all synthetic organic chemicals for which the 
volume of production or sales exceeded 1,000 pounds or for which the value of sales exceeded $1,000, 
and identifies the manufacturers of each. 

The data given in this report were supplied by approximately 800 companies. Each reporting 
company has been assigned an identification symbol consisting of a combination of not more than 
three capital letters, selected in most instances with tlie approval of the manufacturer and, when- 
ever possible, bearing some relationship to the company name. Tfie identification symbols are perm- 
anently assigned, and except for such changes as may be required, will continue to be used in future 
reports in this series. Tlie company identification codes and their names and addresses are listed 
in the Appendix, table 1. 

The raw materials referred to in this report are obtained from coal, crude petroleum, natural 
gas, and certain other materials such as vegetable oils, fats, rosin and grains. With few exceptions, 
the report does not cover organic chemicals that are derived from natural (vegetable) sources by 
simple extraction or distillation. Crude organic chemicals are derived from coal by thermal decom- 
position, from petroleum and natural gas by catalytic cracking and by distillation or absorption, 
and from other natural sources by fermentation. Production of tliese crude organic chemicals is the 
first step in the manufacture of synthetic organic chemicals. From these crudes, intermediates are 
obtained by synthesis or refining; most of the intermediates are then converted into finished 
chemical products, such as medicinal chemicals, plastics and resin materials, and dyes. More than 
half of the total production of intermediates is not sold directly to the ultimate consumer, but is 
used by the producing companies themselves in their manufacturing processes. The statistics given 
in this report include data for all known domestic producers of the items covered. 

In this report the statistics on production of the individual chemicals reported by manufac- 
turers include the total output of the companies' plants, i.e., the quantities produced for con- 
sumption within the producing plants, as well as the quantities produced for domestic and foreign 
sale. The quantities reported as produced, therefore, generally exceed the quantities reported as 
sold. Some of these differences, however, are attributable to changes in inventories. As specified 
in the reporting instructions that the Commission sends to manufacturers, and as used in this 
report, production and sales (unless otherwise specifically indicated) are defined as follows: 

Production is the total quantity of a commodity made available by original manufaature only. 
It is the sum (expressed in terms of 100-percent active ingredient unless otherwise specified) of 
the quantities of a commodity-- 

(1) Produced, separated, and consumed in the same plant or establishment (a commodity is con- 

sidered to be separated when it is isolated from tlie reaction system and/or when it is 
weighed, analyzed, or otherwise measured) . Byproducts* and coproducts not classified 
as waste materials are also included; 

(2) Produced and transferred to other plants or establishments of the same firm; 

(3) Produced and sold to other firms (including production for others under toll agreements'); 

and 

(4) Produced and held in stock. 



A toll agreement is an agreement between two firms, under which one firm furnishes the raw materials 
and pays the processing costs and the other firm prepares the finished product and returns it to the 
first firm. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



Production excludes- 



[1) Purification of a commodity unless specifically requested in the reporting instructions; 
I2) Intermediate products that are formed in the manufacturing process but are not isolated 

from the reaction system--that is, not weiglied, analyzed, or otherwise measured; and 
(3) Materials that are used in the process but are recovered for reuse or sale; and waste 

products that have no economic significance. 

Sales are defined as actual sales of commodities by original manufaoturers only. Sales include- 

(1) Shipments of commodities for domestic use and for export, or segregation in a warehouse 

when title has passed to the purchaser in a bonafide sale; 

(2) Shipments of a commodity produced by otheps under toll agreements; and 

(3) Shipments to subsidiary or affiliated companies. 

Sales exclude-- 

[1] All intracompany transfers within a corporate entity; 

C2) All sales of purchased commodities; and 

C3) All shipments of a commodity produced for others under toll agreements. 

The value of a sale is the net selling price, f.o.b. plant or warehouse, or delivered value, 
whichever represents the normal industry practice. 

Data on the chemicals covered in this report are usually given in terms of undiluted materials. 
Products of 95 percent or more purity are considered to be 100 percent pure. Tlie principal excep- 
tions are the statistics on dyes and a few solvents, which are reported in terms of commercial 
concentrations, and the statistics on certain plastics and resins, which are reported on a dry basis. 
The report specifically notes those products for which the statistics are reported in terms of 
commercial concentrations. 

The average unit values of sales for groups of products shown in the tables accompanying this 
report are the averages for products which vary widely in unit values and in the quantities sold. 

Statistics are presented in as great detail as is possible without revealing the operations of 
individual producers. Statistics for an individual chemical or group of chemicals are given only 
where there are three or more producers no one or two' of which may be predominant. Moreover, even 
when there are three or more producers, statistics are not given if there is any possibility that 
their publication would violate the statutory provisions relating to unlawful disclosure of infor- 
mation accepted in confidence by the Commission.^ 

Statistics on tars and tar crudes include data furnished directly to the Tariff Commission by 
distillers of coal tar, water-gas tar, and oil-gas tar, and data furnished to the Division of Bitu- 
minous Coal, U.S. Bureau of Mines, by coke-oven operators. 

Statistics on U.S. general imports in 1969 of benzenoid intermediates and finished benzenoid 
products that entered under schedule 4, parts IB and IC, of the Tariff Schedules of the United 
States are given in the Appendix. 

Information on synonymous names of organic chemicals included in this report may be found in 
the SOCMA Handbook: Commercial Organic Chemical Homes, published in 196S by the Chemical Abstracts 
Service of the American Chemical Society, or the Colour Index (2d edition), published in 1956 by the 
Society of Dyers and Colourists. 



Sec. 5, U.S.C. 139b and 'sec. 18, U.S.C. 1905. 



SUMMARY 



Combined production of all synthetic organic chemicals, tars, tar crudes, and crude products from petroleum 
and natural gas in 1969 was 223,803 million pounds — an increase of 12.0 percent over the output in 1968 (see 
table 1). Sales of these materials in 1959, which totaled 121,616 millionpounds, valued at $13,340 million, 
were 11.8 percent larger than in 1968 in terms of quantity and 5.7 percent larger in terms of value. These 
figures include data on production and sales of chemicals measured at several successive steps in the manufac- 
turing process, and therefore they necessarily reflect some duplication. 

In 1969, production of all synthetic organic chemicals, including cyclic intermediates and finished chemical 
products, totaled 134,804 million pounds, or 12 percent more than the output in 1968 (see table 1) . Production of 
cyclic intermediates (28,571 million pounds) and plastics and resin materials (18,676 million pounds) was each more 
than 14 percent larger in 1969 than in 1968. Benzenoid pigments (61 million pounds), medicinal chemicals (200 mil- 
lion pounds) and miscellaneous chemicals (75,720 million pounds) increased in production in 1969 compared with 1968 
by more than 12 percent. 

The output of other groups of synthetic organic chemicals which increased in 1969 compared with 1968 were 
dyes (6.1 percent), elastomers (5.0 pera«nt) , surface-active agents (4.3 percent), plasticizers (3.8 percent) and 
flavor and perfume materials (2.5 percent). 

Production in 1969 of two groups of synthetic organic chemicals fell below that of 1958. Rubber pro- 
cessing chemicals (303 million pounds) was down 2.9 percent and pesticides and related products (1,104 million 
pounds) decreased 7.4 percent. 



TABLE 1. — Synthetic organia ohenrioals and their tow materials: U.S. production and sales, 1968 and 1969 




Increase 

or 

decrease ' 

(-), 1969 

over 

1958' 



Quantity 



Increase 

or 

decrease 

(-), 1959 

over 

1968' 



Million 

dollars 



12,520 



Million 
dollars 



Increase 

or 

decrease 

(-), 1969 

over 

1968' 



Grand total ^ 



Millzon 
pounds 

199,787 



Million 
pounds 



223,803 



Percent 
12.0 



Million 
pounds 



Million 
pounds 



Percent 
11.8 



Tar 

Tar crudes 

Crude products from petro- 
leum and natural gas 



Synthetic organic chemicals, 
total^ 



7,608 
9,845 



120,318 



9,996 
71,315 

134,804 



1.1 
1.5 



3,580 
6,418 



64,578 



3,772 
6,644 



39,240 



71,961 



5.4 
3.5 



11,526 



37 
136 



12,166 



Intermediates 

Dyes 

Pigmeftts 

Medicinal chemicals 

Flavor and perfume materials-- 
Plastics and resin materials-- 
Rubber-processing chemicals--- 
Elastomers (synthetic 

rubbers) 

Plasticizers 

Surface-active agents 

Pesticides and related 

products 

Miscellaneous chemicals 



25,014 
225 
54 
177 
117 

16,350 
313 

4,268 
1,331 
3,739 

1,192 
57,525 



28,571 
240 
61 
200 
120 

18,576 
303 

4,524 
1,382 
3,901 

1,104 
75,720 



14.2 
6.1 



6.0 
3.8 
4.3 

-7.4 
12.1 



11,328 
215 
46 
. 123 
109 
14,397 
236 

3,553 
1,239 
1,998 

950 
30,356 



12,398 
221 
51 
145 
104 

15,922 
229 

3,918 
1,275 
1,988 

929 
34,782 



9.4 
2.9 
10.9 
18.2 
-4.8 
10.6 



10.0 
2.9 
-0.5 

-3.2 
14.5 



1,131 
370 
120 
415 
97 

2,907 
151 

973 
280 
357 



3,875 



1,208 

385 

133 

452 

94 

3,175 
144 

1,060 
266 
370 

851 
4,018 



Percent 
5.7 



6.8 
4.1 
11.0 
11.3 
-3.7 
9.2 
-4.5 



8.9 
-5.0 
3.7 

.2 
3.7 



Percentages calculated from figures rounded to thousands. 
Because of rounding, figures may not add to the totals shown. 



4 SYNTHETIC ORCJANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 

General 

In this report, synthetic organic chemicals are classified on the basis of their principal use as follows: 
cyclic intermediates, dyes, pigments, medicinal chemicals, flavor and perfume materials, plastics and resin materials, 
rubber-processing materials, elastomers, plasticizers , surface-active agents, pesticides and related products, and 
miscellaneous chemicals (acyclic intermediates and acyclic and cyclic finished products) . Most of these groups are 
further subdivided either by use or by chemical composition. As intermediate chemicals are used in the manufacture 
of finished products, aggregate figures that cover both intermediates and finished products necessarily include con- 
siderable duplication. 

Total production of synthetic organic chemicals (intermediates and finished products combined) in 1969 was 
134,804 million pounds, or 12.0 percent more than the output of 120,318 million pounds reported for 1968 (see table 
2). Sales of synthetic organic chemicals in 1969 amounted to 71,961 million pounds, valued at $12,166 million, com- 
pared with 64,578 million gpunds valued at $11,526 million in 1968. Production of all cyclic products (interme- 
diates and finished products combined) in 1969 totaled 43,775 million pounds, or 11.1 percent more than the 39,406 
million pounds produced iA 1968. The output of acyclic organic chemicals in 1969 amounted to 91,028 million pounds 
--12. 5 percent more than the 80,912 million pounds reported for 1968. 



TABLE 2. — Synthetic organic chemicals; Summary of U.S. production and sales of intermediates and finished products, 

1967, 1968 and 1969 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



Increase, or decrease (-) 



1969 over 
1967 



1969 over 
1968 



Organic chemicals, cyclic and acyclic 
grand total; 

Production 

SalesT - 

Sales value 

Cyclic, total; 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic, total; 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

1. Intermediates J Cyclic 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

2. Dyes 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

3. Pigments 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

4. Medicinal Chemicals 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic; 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



104,711,357 
55,176,823 
10,438,453 



33,479,469 
19,328,628 
4,610,293 



71,231,888 
35,848,195 
5,828,160 



20,793,132 
9,461,180 
1,000,359 



206,240 
198,592 
332,049 



53,322 
42,867 
108,354 



110,129 
70,120 
348,873 

69,941 
56,804 
36,402 



120,317,519 
64,578,316 
11,525,618 



39,405,527 
22,264,656 
5,088,853 



80,911,992 
42,313,660 
6,436,765 



25,013,938 
11,328,129 
1,131,433 



226,498 
214,661 
370,196 



53,749 
45,810 
119,934 



113,200 

77,184 

383,570 

64,021 
45,349 
31,354 



134,803,910 
71,960,615 
12,166,311 



43,775,481 
23,927,329 
5,393,830 



91,028,429 
48,033,286 
6,772,481 



28,570,871 
12,398,249 
1,208,447 



240,208 
220,886 
385,301 



61,011 
50,794 
133,149 



126,418 

88,113 

425,235 

73,616 
56,689 
36,585 



30.8 
23.8 
17.0 



27.8 
34.0 
16.2 



18.5 
22.9 



14.8 
25.7 
21.9 



12.0 
11.4 
5.6 



7.5 
6.0 



14.2 
9.4 



6.1 

2.9 
4.1 



15.0 
25.0 



See footnotes at end of table. 



GENERAL 



Table 2. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of U.S. production and sales of intermediates and finished products, 

1967, 1968 and 1969--Continued 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



1967' 



Increase, or decrease (-) 



1969 over 
1967 



1969 over 
1968 



5. Flavor and Perfume Materials 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

6. Plastics and Resin Materials 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

?. Rubher-Prooessing Ckemiaals 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

8. Elastomers (Synthetic Rubbers) 

Cyclic; 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

9. Plasticizers 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

20. Surface-Active Agents 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



See footnotes at end of table. 



57,978 
47,285 
52,866 

53,558 
49,311 
40,495 



5,033,497 
4,224,121 
1,036,940 

8,759,452 
7,753,242 
1,635,690 



220,139 
169,970 
116,318 

43,994 
30,878 
15,477 



2,297,637 

1,940,099 

439,580 

1,524,908 

1,321,945 

434,657 



929,871 
865,084 
167,827 

332,908 
296,767 
93,142 



1,418,444 
852,238 
95,810 

2,060,851 
897,786 
220,877 



60,271 
49,708 
52,435 

57,188 
59,058 
44,825 



5,898,645 
4,901,793 
1,121,366 

10,461,020 
9,495,658 
1,785,605 



263,554 
199,357 
132,880 

49.093 
36,583 
18,388 



2,563,065 

2,017,026 

479,058 

1,705,021 

1,545,678 

494,099 



985,101 
918,482 
177,725 

346,075 
320,182 
102,048 



1,500,310 
887,339 
102,658 

2,239,072 

1,110,878 

254,074 



61,353 
48,721 
52,873 

59,037 
54,843 
40,753 



6,554,204 
5,386,791 
1,238,301 

12,122,045 
10,535,093 
1,936,452 



254,792 
194,012 
127,268 

48,687 
35,480 
17,208 



2,591,720 

2,172,843 

520,141 

1,932,337 

1,744,740 

539,365 



1,022,941 
946,984 
164,709 

359,290 
327,618 
101,161 



1,566,958 
894,017 
116,271 

2,334,063 

1,094,098 

253,504 



5.8 
3.0 



10.2 
11.2 
0.6 



30.2 
27.5 
19.4 

38.4 
35.9 
18.4 



15.7 
14.1 



10.7 
14.9 
11.2 



32.0 
24.1 



7.9 
10.4 
8.6 



10.5 
4.9 
21.4 



6 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 

Table 2. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of U.S. production and sales of intermediates and finished products, 

1967, 1968 and 1969--Continued 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



Increase, or decreaseC-5 



1969 over 
1967 



1969 over 
1968 



11. Pesticides and Related Products 



Cyclic: 

Production-- 

Sales 

Sales value- 
Acyclic: 

Production — 

Sales 

Sales value- 



is. Miscellaneous Chemicals 



Cyclic: 

Production-- 

Sales 

Sales value- 
Acyclic: 

Production- - 

Sales 

Sales value- 



823,158 
681,532 
627,742 

226,505 
215,831 
159,301 



1,535,922 
775,540 
283,575 

58,159,771 

25,225,631 

3,192,119 



929,548 
722,661 
697,295 

262,812 
236,970 
151,945 



1,797,648 
902,506 
320,303 

65,727,690 

29,463,304 

3,554,427 



819,436 
666,038 
697,167 

284,945 
262,625 
153,999 



1,905,569 
859,881 
324,968 

73,814,409 

33,922,100 

3,693,454 



-2.3 
11.1 

25.8 
21.7 
-3.3 



26.9 
34.5 



(^) 



8.4 

10.8 

1.4 



12.3 
15.1 
3.9 



' Standard reference base period for Federal Government general-purpose index numbers. 
^ Less than .05 percent. 



The following tabulation shows, by chemical groups, the number of companies that reported production in 1969 of 
one or more of the chemicals included in the groups listed in table 2: 



Swriber 
Chemical group of 

companies 
Cyclic Intermediates 215 



Dyes ' 

Benzenoid pigments 

Medicinal chemicals 

Flavor and perfume materials- 
Plastics and resin materials- 



48 



Number 

of 

companies 

34 



Chemical group 

Rubber-processing chemicals 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers} 32 

Plasticizers 59 

Surface-active agents 205 

Pesticides and related products 88 

Miscellaneous chemicals 340 



TAR AND TAR CRUDES 



Tars 



I 



Coal tar is produced chiefly by the steel industry as a byproduct 
of the manufacture of coke; water-gas tar and oil-gas tar are produced 
by the fuel-gas industry. Production of coal tar, therefore, depends 
on the demand for steel; production of water-gas tar and oil-gas tar 
reflects the consumption of manufactured gas for industrial and house- 
hold use. Water-gas and oil -gas tars have properties intermediate be- 
tween those of petroleum asphalts and coal tars. Petroleum asphalts 
are not usually considered to be raw materials for chemicals. 

The quantity of tar produced in the United States in 1969 was al- 
most entirely coal tar which amounted to 769 million gallons, or 1.1 
percent more than the 761 million gallons produced in 1968 (see table 1^). 
U.S. production of water-gas and oil-gas tars was not reported to the 
Commission for 1968 or 1969; production of these tars amounted to 21 mil- 
lion gallons in 1968, according to trade publications. Sales of coal tar 
in 1969 amounted to 377 million gallons valued at $37 million, compared 
with 358 million gallons, valued at $36 million in 1968. 

Consumption of tar in 1969 amoimted to 766 million gallons, of which 
667 million gallons was consumed in distillation and (by tar distillers 
only) in other uses. Tar used as fuel amounted to 98 million gallons. A 
lesser amount, 0.7 million gallons, was consumed by coke-oven operators in 
miscellaneous uses (see table lA) . 

Tar Crudes 

Tar crudes are obtained from coke-oven gas and by distilling coal tar, 
water-gas tar, and oil-gas tar. The most important tar crudes are benzene, 
toluene, xylene, naphthalene, creosote oil, and pitch of tar. Some of these 
products are identical with those obtained from petroleum. Data for mate- 
rials derived from petroleum are included, for the most part, with the sta- 
tistics for like materials derived from coke-oven gas and tars, and are 
shown in tables 1 and IB. 

Domestic production of industrial and specification grades of benzene 
reported by coke-oven operators and petroleum refinery operators ^- in 1969 
amounted to 1,185 million gallons— 18.5 percent more than the 1,000 million 
gallons reported for 1968. These statistics include data for benzene pro- 
duced from light oil and petroleum. Sales of benzene by coke-oven operators 
and petroleum operators in 1969 amounted to 675 million gallons, valued at 
$148 million, compared with 614 million gallons, valued at $130 million, in 
1968. In 1969 the output of toluene ^ (including material produced for use 
in blending in aviation fuel) amounted to 759 million gallons — 9.2 percent 
more than the 695 million gallons reported for 1968. Sales of toluene in 
1969 were 418 million gallons, valued at $76 million, compared with 442 mil- 
lion gallons, valued at $76 million, in 1968. The output of xylene'^ in 1969 

^ See also table 2 of this section which lists these products and identi- 
fies the manufacturers of each from the list in table 3. 

^ Statistics on production and sales of benzene, toluene, and xylene by tar 
distillers cannot be shown because publication would reveal the operations of 
individual companies . 



8 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 

(including that produced for blending in motor fuels) was 382 million gallons, 
compared with 537 million gallons in 1968. About 99 percent of the 382 mil- 
lion gallons of xylene produced in 1969 was obtained from petroleum sources. 

Production of crude naphthalene in 1969 (including 358 million poimds 
of petroleiom-derived naphthalene) amounted to 854 million pounds, compared 
with 902 million pounds in 1968. In 1969 the output of creosote oil for 
wood preservation was 137 million gallons (100 percent creosote basis), 
compared with 127 million gallons in 1968. Production of road tar in 1969 
was 60 million gallons, compared with 56 million gallons in 1968. 

Some of the products included in the statistics in table 1 are derived 
from other products for which data are also included in the table. The sta- 
tistics, therefore, involve considerable duplication, and for this reason no 
group totals or grand totals are given. It is estimated, that, after dup- 
lication has been eliminated insofar as possible, the net value of the output 
(from all sources) of these products and of tar burned as fuel was $640 mil- 
lion in 1969, compared with $574 million in 1968 and $597 million in 1967. 
The total value of sales of those products derived from coke-oven gas and 
tars, shown in table 1, amounted to $141 million in 1969, compared with $138 
million in 1968. 



TABLE 1. --Tar and tar crudes: U. S. production and sales, 1969 



[Listed below are all tars and tar crudes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data 
were reported.) Table 2 lists separately all products for which data on production or sales were reported and 
identifies the manufacturers reporting to the U.S. Tariff Commission ] 



Unit 

of 

quantity 



Sales 



Quantity 



Unit 
value' 



Tar^ 

Crude light oil: 3 Coke-oven operators 

Intermediate light oil: Coke-oven operators 

Light-oil distillates: 

Benzene, specification and industrial grades, 

total' '' 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Toluene, all grades, total' * 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Xylene, all grades, total' '• 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Solvent naphtha: ' Coke-oven operators 

Naphthalene, crude (tar distillers and coke-oven 

operators) , total ^ 

Solidifying at — 

Less than 74° C 

74° C. to less than 79° C 

Crude tar-acid oils: ' Coke-oven operators 

Creosote oil (Dead oil) (tar distillers and coke- 
oven operators) (100% creosote basis), total - 

Distillate as such (100% creosote basis) 

Creosote content of coal-tar solution (100% 
creosote basis) T- 

All other distillates, total 

Coke-oven operators, total 

From light oil 

Other '- 

Tar distillers 

Tar, road 

Pitch of tar (tar distillers and coke-oven 

operators) , total 

Soft (water softening point less than 110° F)-- 
Medium (water softening point 110° F. to 

160° F.) — — 

Hard (water softening point over 160° F.)' 



1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 



1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 



1,000 lb — 
1,000 lb — 



1,000 gal — 



1,000 gal-- 
1,000 gal-- 

1,000 gal-- 

1,000 gal-- 
1,000 gal-- 
1,000 gal-- 
1,000 gal-- 
1,000 gal-- 

1,000 gal — 

1,000 tons 
1,000 tons 

1,000 tons 
1,000 tons 



768,766 

258,910 

5,019 



1,185,348 

101,695 

1,083,653 

759,458 

19,603 

739,855 

381,842 

5,246 

376,596 

3,567 



42,715 
453,148 



118,316 



105,613 



9,421 

6,172 

3,249 

96,192 

59,612 

1.870 



216 
1,050 



377,229 

98,193 

1,562 



675,228 
100,842 
574,386 
417,852 
18,689 
399,163 
302,392 

5,381 
297,011 

3,539 



1,000 
dollars 

36,551 

12,226 

126 



147,752 

21,961 

125,791 

75,917 

5,079 

70,838 

53,862 

1,109 

52,753 

1,665 



32,048 
287,110 



1,146 
13,938 



101,588 
17,623 
51,568 



19,815 

'5,147 

5,632 



6,844 

3,583 

3,261 

24,724 

54,293 

1.311 



691 

406 

285 

4,941 

6,987 

41.504 



222 
798 



8,673 
26,143 



.09 
.20 



.13 
31.66 



39.07 
32.76 



' Unit values £er gallon, pound, or ton, as specified. 

^ Includes only data for coal tar reported to the Division of Fossil Fuels, U.S. Bureau of Mines. Data on U.S. 
production of water-gas tar and oil-gas tar are not collected by the Tariff Commission, but according to trade publi- 
cations, production of these tars amounted to 21 million gallons in 1968. 

' Data reported by tar distillers are not included because publication would disclose the operations of 
individual companies. Production of xylene by tar distillers decreased in 1969, compared with 1968; production 
of benzene and toluene increased. The annual production statistics for petroleum operators on benzene, toluene, 
and xylene are not comparable with the combined monthly production figures, due to fiscal year revisions. 

"* Includes data for material produced for use in blending motor fuels. 

' Statistics represent combined data for the commercial grades of naphthalene. Because of conversion of 
naphthalene from one grade to another, the figures may include some duplication. 

* Statistics include data only for creosote oil sold for, or used in, wood preserving. 

' In 1969, production of coal-tar solution containing creosote (100% solution basis) amounted to 29,107 thousand gal- 
lons; sales were 28,493 thousand gallons, valued at 5,147 thousand dollars, with a unit value of $0.18 per gallon. 

8 Includes data for crude sodium phenolate. 

' Includes data for crude light oil, benzene, toluene, xylene, solvent naphtha, ethylbenzene, rubber-reclaiming 
oils, pyridine crude bases, crude tar-acid oils, crude cresylic acid, methylnaphthalene, and crude and refined 
tar for other uses. 
'" Includes hard pitch and pitch emulsion. 

Note. --Statistics for materials produced in coke and gas-retort ovens are compiled by the Division of Fossil Fuels, 
U.S. Bureau of Mines, Department of the Interior. Statistics for materials produced in tar and petroleum refineries 
are compiled by the U.S. Tariff Commission. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 
TABLE lA. — Tar: U.S. production and consumption, 1968 and 1969 

(In thousands of gallons) 



Product 



PRODUCTION 

Coal tar from coke-oven byproduct plants, total 

CONSUMPTION 



Total- 



Tar consumed by distillation, total 

Coal tar distilled or topped by coke-oven operators 

Coal tar and water-gas tar distilled by tar distillers 



Tar consumed chiefly as fuel 

Coal tar consumed at coke-oven plants for roads and upkeep - 



301,254 
343,117 



104,905 
1,650 



765,886 



282,785 
384,365 



98,065 
671 



1 Reported to the Sivision of Fossil Fuels, U.S. Bureau of Mines. 

2 Reported to U.S. Tariff Commission. Represents tar purchased from companies operating coke ovens and gas- 
retort plants and distilled by companies operating tar-distillation plants. Statistics also include tar 
consumed other than by distillation or as fuel by tar distillers. 



TABLE IB. --Tar and tar crudes: Summary of U. S. production of specified products, 1967-1969 



Unit 

of 

quantity 



e, or decrease (-) 



1969 over 
1967 



1969 over 
1968 



Tar' 

Benzene: ^ 

Coke-oven operators - 
Petroleum operators- 
Total 



Toluene: 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Total 

Xylene: ' 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Total 

Naphthalene: 

Crude' 

Petroleum naphthalene, all 

grades 

Total 

Creosote oil (Dead oil):' 
Distillate as such (100% 

creosote basis) 

Creosote content of coal-tar 
solution (100% creosote 

basis) 

Total 



1,000 
1,000 
1,000 

1,000 
1,000 
1,000 

1,000 
1,000 
1,000 



gal- 

gal- 
gal- 
gal- 



90,642 
878,704 



19,357 
624,454 



1,000,131 



19,645 
675,534 



101,695 
1.083,653 



12.2 
23.3 



19,603 
739,855 



5,488 
*449,349 



1,000 
1,000 



1,000 
1,000 



454,837 
520,991 
376,679 



5,576 
"531,482 



5,246 
''376,596 



537,058 
525,711 
375,945 



897,670 



901,656 



9.8 
19.4 



-5.7 
-4.9 



Standard reference base period for Federal Government general-purpose index numbers. 

Includes only data for coal tar reported to the Division of Fossil Fuels, U.S. Bureau of Mines. Data on U.S. 
production of water-gas tar and oil-gas tar are not collected by the Tariff Commission, but according to trade pub- 
lications, production of these tars amounted to 21 million gallons in 1968. 
companies^"'^'' '°^ *^'' ''^^'^^l"^ ^''^ "°t included because publication would disclose the operations of individual 

fig^restich'inc^X'^omf o!^?:n:' '" "=^ '" "^^"''"^ "°'" '"^^^^ ^^^" = *^" "^ "°^ -^P"^'"^ "^'^ -"^"^ 

Ind^?eoresent TJltl'^7 .^^^^'V^^"" ''" '' '^«"'= ^"'='"'^" production by tar distillers and coke-oven operators 
and represent combined data for the commercial grades of naphthalene to avoid disclosure of the operations of 
o"n nLth l^r^^nLd ,l'TT °!.<=°"-f-" between graded, the figures may include som: duplic'aa:n Statistics 
° TnM,,H»= H = L f domestic Crudes are reported in the section on cyclic intermediates. 

Includes data for creosote oil produced by tar distillers and coke-oven operators and used only in wood preserving. 



TAR AND TAR CRUDES 



TABLE 2. --Tar crudes: Items for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1969 



[Tar crudes for which separate statistics are given in table i are marked with an asterisk (*); products not so 
marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published. 
Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table ,3. Table 3 identifies all U.S. producers 
of tar crudes (except producers that report to the Division of Fossil Fuels, U.S. Bureau of Mines) ] 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



*Crude light oil' 

Light-oil distillates: 

*Benzene, specification and industrial grades' 

*Toluene, specification and other grades' 

*^ylene, all grades' 

*Sblvent naphtha' 

*A11 other light-oil distillates' 

•Pyridine crude bases' 

*Naphthalene, crude, solidifying at — 

*Less than 74° C' . 

*74° C. to less than 79° C--' 

74° C. to less than 76° C -- 

76° C. to less than 79° C 

Methylnaphthalene 

*Crude tar- acid oils — ' 

Tar-acid content 5% to less than 24% 

Tar-acid content 24% to 51% 

Cresylic acid, crude 

*Creosote oil (Dead oil) ; 

•Distillate as such' 

*Creosote in coal-tar solution' 

*A11 other distillate products' 

*Tar, road 

Tar for other uses: 

Crude 

Refined' 

♦Pitch of tar: 

*Soft (water softening point less than 110° F.)' 

'Medium (water softening point 110° F. to 160° F.)'- 

*Hard (water softening point above 160° F.) 

pitch emulsion 



CBT. 

ACY, KPP. 

ACY, KPP. 

ACY. 

ACY, NEV, PAI. 

ACP, KPT, PAI. 

ACP, KPT. 

COP. 

KPT. 

ACP, KPT, RIL. 

KPT. 

ACP, KPT. RIL. 
ACP, WTC. 
ACP, KPT, PRD. 

ACP, CBT, COP, HUS, JEN, KPT, RIL, WTC. 

ACP, KPT, RIL, WTC. 
ACP, KPT. 

ACP, KPT, RIL. 

KPT. 
ACP, KPT. 

ACP, KPT. WTC. 

ACP, CBT, COP, KPT, RIL, WTC. 

ACP, HUS, JEN, KPT, RIL. 

JEN. 



' Does not include manufacturers' identification codes for producers who report to the Division of Fossil Fuels, 
U.S. Bureau of Mines. Those producers are listed in the U.S. Bureau of Mines Mineral Industry Survey, April 21, 1970, 
entitled "Coke Producers in the U.S. in 1968." 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 8 . — Tar and tar crudes: Directory of manufacturers, 1969 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



ACP 
ACY 



CBT 
COP 



Allied Chemical Corp., Plastics Div. 
American Cyanamid Co. 



Samuel Cabot, Inc. 

Coopers Creek Chemical Corp. 



Husky Briquetting, Inc. 



Jennison -Wright Corp. 



Sinclair-Koppers Co. 



PAI 
PRD 



Koppers Co., Inc., Organic Materials Div. 



Neville Chemical Co. 



Pennsylvania Industrial Chemical Corp. 
Productol Chemical Co., Inc. 



Reilly Tar 5 Chemical Corp. 



Witco Chemical Co., Inc. 



Note. --For complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies, refer to table 1 in the Appendix. 



CRUDE PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS FOR 13 

CHEMICAL CONVERSION 



Crude products that are derived from petroleum and natural gas^ 
are related to the intermediates and finished products made from such 
crudes in much the same way that crude products derived from the dis- 
tillation of coal tar are related to their intermediates and finished 
products. Many of the crude products derived from petroleum are 
identical with those derived from coal tar (e.g., benzene, toluene, 
and xylene). Considerable duplication exists in the statistics on 
the production and sales of petroleum crudes because some of these 
crude chemicals are converted to other crude products derived from 
petroleum and because data on some production and sales are reported 
at successive stages in the conversion process. Notwithstanding these 
duplications, the statistics are sufficiently accurate to indicate 
trends in the industry and to serve as a basis for general comparison. 
Many of the crude products for which data are included in the statistics 
may be used either as fuel or as basic materials from which to derive 
other chemicals, depending on prevailing economic conditions; but in this 
report every effort has been made to exclude data on materials that are 
used as fuel; however, data are included on toluene and xylene which are 
not used directly as fuel but in blending aviation .and motor-grade 
gasolines. 

The output of crude products derived from petroleum and natural 
gas as a group amounted to 71,315 million pounds in 1969, or 15.0 percent 
more than the 62,017 million pounds reported for 1968 (table 1^). The 
larger output in 1969 is accounted for chiefly by increased production 
of ethylene, benzene, propane, toluene, and ethane. Sales of crude 
chemicals from petroleum in 1969 amounted to 39,240 million pounds, 
valued at $1,001 million, compared with 34,189 million pounds, valued 
at $920 million, in 1968. 

The output of aromatic and naphthenic products from petroleum 
amounted to 19,134 million pounds in 1969, compared with 18,285 million 
pounds in 1968. Sales in 1969, which amounted to 11,768 million pounds, 
valued at $301 million, were 185 million pounds larger, and valued at 
$30 million more, than those in 1968. Tlie output of 1° and 2° benzene 
from petroleum amounted to 7,997 million pounds in 1969--19.4 percent 
more than the 6,698 million pounds produced in 1968. The output of 
toluene in 1969 was 5,379 million pounds--9.5 percent more than the 
4,911 million pounds produced in 1968. Production of xylene was 2,715 
million pounds in 1969, compared with 3,832 million pounds in 1968. 
These figures include toluene and xylene used in blends in aviation and 
motor- grade gasolines. Production of naphthalene, 358 million poxmds 
in 1969, was 18,308 thousand pounds less than production in 1968. The 
output of 28.0 million pounds of naphthenic acids in 1969 was 7.8 mil- 
lion pounds more than that produced in 1968. 

Statistics on aromatic chemicals from coal tar are given in the 
report on Tar and Tar Crudes . 

See also table 2 of this section which lists these products and 
identifies the manufacturers of each from the list in table 3. 



lU SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 

Production o£ all aliphatic hydrocarbons and derivatives from 
petroleum and natural gas was 52,182 million pounds in 1969, compared 
with 43,733 million pounds in 1968. Sales of these products were 
27, 472 million pounds, valued at $701 million, in 1969, compared with 
22,606 million pounds, valued at $649 million, in 1968, The statis- 
tics on production of acetylene include only acetylene produced from 
hydrocarbons and used as a raw material in the production of other 
chemicals. Total production of acetylene for chemical synthesis is 
reported to the U.S. Bureau of the Census. In 1969, production of 
acetylene from hydrocarbon sources, amounted to 529 million pounds. 
Production of ethylene was 16,436 million pounds in 1969--25.0 percent 
more than the 13,151 million pounds produced in 1968. The output of 
propylene and propane-propylene mixture was 7,235 million pounds in 
1969--3.0 percent more than the 7,025 million pounds produced in 1968. 
Production of 1, 3-butadiene, one of the principal ingredients of S-type 
synthetic rubber, was 3,123 million pounds in 1969, compared with 2,929 
million pounds in 1968. The output of 1, 3-butadiene in 1969 was the 
largest on record. 

Data for 1969 on crude products from petroleum and natural gas 
for chemical conversion were supplied by 71 companies and company 
divisions. 



CRUDE PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS FOR CHEMICAL CONVERSION 15 

TABLE 1. --Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion: U.S. production 

and sales, 1969 



[Listed below are the crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which any reported 
data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confi- 
dence and may not be published or where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists separately all products from 
petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which data on production or sales were reported and identi- 
fies the manufacturer of each ] 



Sales 



Quantity 



Grand total 

AROMATICS AND NAPHTHENES^ 

Total 

Benzene (1° and 2°), total 

Benzene, 1° 

Benzene, 2" 

Naphthalene, all grades 

Naphthenic acid, total 

Acid number less than 150 

Acid number 150-199 

Acid number 200 and over 

Toluene, all grades, total 

Nitration grade, 1° 

Pure commercial grade, 2° 

Solvent grade, 90% 

All other' 

Xylenes, mixed, total 

Xylene, 3° 

Xylene, 5° 

All other' 

All other aromatics and naphthenes"" 

ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS 

Total 

C2 hydrocarbons, total 

Acetylene^ 

Ethane 

Ethylene 

C2 and C3 hydrocarbons, mixed 

C3 hydrocarbons, total t 

Propane . 

Propylene^ 

Ci, hydrocarbons, total 

1 , 3- Butadiene , grade for rubbers (elastomers)- 

Butadiene and butylene fractions 

n-Butane 

1-Butene and 2-butene mixture' 

Isobutane 

Isobutylene 

All other* 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



71,315,378 



19,133,549 



7,997,360 



,183,626 
813,734 



5,144 
8,154 
14,671 

5,378,747 



3,385,494 
635,064 
114,815 

1,243,374 

2,715,258 



565,653 

374,603 

1,775,002 

2,656,578 



52,181,829 



20,935,374 



529,330 
3,969,756 
16,436,288 

2,331,319 



,181,004 
,235,223 



9,800,140 



3,122,966 
1,264,239 
2,159,160 
1,628,721 
653,574 

971,480 



1,000 
pounds 



39,239,749 



1,000 
dollars 



1,001,358 



11,767,918 



4,238,969 



256,526 
14,325 



2,901,914 



2,256,717 

645,197 
2,141,450 



576,072 

350,59 3 

1,214,785 

2,214,734 



27,471,831 



2,872,298 
3,876,938 



2,176,499 
9,406,399 



6,118,139 
3,288,260 



6,498,606 



1,981,946 
280,414 
1,188,506 
1,514,959 
294,059 
290,890 
947,832 



125,791 



17,257 
1,429 



,70,838 
57,036 



13,802 
52,753 



14,781 
9,053 
28,919 



24,465 
127,901 



20,840 



58,860 
81,171 



274,369 



167,312 
8,281 
12,515 
42,822 
2,659 
21,872 
18,908 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 1. - 



-Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion: 
and sales, 196 9- -Continued 



U.S. production 



Unit 
value' 



1,000 
•pounds 



1,000 
pounds 



ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS--Continued 

Cs hydrocarbons, total 

Isoprene (2-Methyl-l , 3-butadiene) 

All other' , 

All other aliphatic hydrocarbons and derivatives, 
total 

Alpha olefins., total 

Molecular weight Ce-C? 

Molecular weight Cii-Cis 

All other" 

Diisobutylene (Diisobutene) 

Heptenes, mixed 

Hexanes and other Ce hydrocarbons 

Nonene (Tripropylene) 

Polybutenei i 

Tetrapropylene 

Hydrocarbon derivatives'^ 

All other" 



444,340 



259,879 
490,774 



2,196,751 



412,083 

63,734 

65,594 

282,755 

31,855 

243,658 

288,877 

303,897 

121,129 

459,434 

43,233 

,043,950 



341,166 

'46,674 
294,49 2 

135,032 
242,867 
240,268 
133,116 
269,478 
44,587 
790,237 



1,000 
dollars 



12,503 



Per 
pound 



100,496 



14,076 

3,665 
10,411 

"5,631 
7,093 
7,921 
7,725 
10,708 
10,415 
36,927 



■ 028 
.028 



■ 046 
.041 



.079 
.035 

.042 
.029 
.033 
.058 
.040 
.234 
.047 



1 Calculated from rounded figures. 

2 The chemical raw materials designated as aromatics are in some cases identical with those obtained from the 
distillation of coal tar; however, the statistics given in the table above relate only to such materials as are 
derived from petroleum and natural gas. Statistics on production or sales of benzene, toluene, xylene, and 
naphthalene from all sources are given in tables 1 and IB of the report on "Tar and Tar Crudes, 1969". 

3 Includes toluene and xylene used as solvents, as well as that which is blended in aviation and motor 
gasolines . 

h Includes data for 90-percent benzene, crude cresylic acid, alkyl aromatics, distillates, solvents, and 
miscellaneous cyclic hydrocarbons. 

s Production figures on acetylene from calcium carbide for chemical synthesis are collected by the U.S. Bureau 
of the Census. 

6 Includes data for propane-propylene mixture. 

7 The statistics represent principally the butene content of crude refinery gases from which butadiene is 
manufactured. 

8 Includes data for 1-butene, 2-butene, mixed butylenes, and mixed olefins. 

9 Includes data for pentanes, pentenes, and Cs hydrocarbon mixtures. 

10 Includes data for the following molecular weight ranges: Cb-C? (sales only); Cs-Cio; C15-C20; and C16-C30. 

11 Includes compounds having a molecular weight of 3,000 or less. 

12 Includes data for butyl, ethyl, methyl, and miscellaneous mercaptans. 

13 Includes data for acetylene (sales only), ethane-ethylene mixture, heptane, isobutylenes, isopentane, methane, 
o^jtanes , n-paraf f ins , and hydrocarbon mixtures . 



CRUDE PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS FOR CHEMICAL CONVERSION 17 

TABLE 2. — Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion: Items for which 
U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1969 

[Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which separate statistics are given in 
table 1 are marked below with an asterisk (*); products not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the re- 
ported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below 
are taken from table 3. An x signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the 
designated product ] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



AROMATICS AND NAPHTHENES 

*Benzene (except motor grade) : 

* Benzene, 1° 

*Benzene, 2° 

Cresylic acid, crude 

*Naphthalene, all grades 

*Naphthenic acids : 

*Acid number lower than 150 

*Acid number 150-199 

Acid number 200-224 

Acid number 225-249 

Acid number 250 and over 

Sodium carbolate and phenate, crude 

*Toluene: 

*Nitration grade, 1° 

*Pure commercial grade, 2° 

♦Solvent grade, 90% 

All other 

♦Xylenes, mixed: 

Aviation grade 

*3° grade 

*5° grade 

All other 

All other aromatics, naphthenes, distillates and 
solvents. 

ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS 

Ci hydrocarbon: Methane 

*C2 hydrocarbons: 

♦Acetylene 

♦Ethane 

♦Ethylene 

*C2 and Cj hydrocaitions, mixed 

*C3 hydrocarbons: 

♦Propane 

♦Propane-propylene mixture 

♦Propylene 

♦Cit hydrocarbons: 

♦1,3-Butadiene, grade for rubbers (elastomers)-- 

♦Butadiene and butylene fractions 

♦n- Butane 

1-Butene 

2-Butene 



ACU, APR, ASH, ATR, BRP, CCP, CPI, CSD, CSC, CSP, 
DLH, ENJ, GOC, GRS, MOC, MON, PLC, PPR, SHC, SHO, 
SIN, SKO, SM, SNT, SOG, SUN, TOC, TX, UCC, UOC, VPT. 

CO, DOW, SHO, SOC. 

PRD. 

ASH, COL, MON, SUN, TID. 

ATR, SUN, TX. 

ATR, PRD, SOC, SUN. 

ATR, PRD, SOC. 

ENJ, PRD, SOC. 

SOC. 

ATR, GOC, SIN. 

ASH, ATR, CCP, CSD, CSP, DLH, ENJ, GOC, MOC, MON, PLC, 
PPR, SHC, SHO, SIN, SNT, SOG, SUN, TOC, TX, UCC, 
UOC, VPT. 

ATR, CPI, DOW, ENJ, LEN, MON. 

CO, FG, SKO. 

ACC, GRS, PLC, SM, SOC, SUN, TX. 

CSD, CSO. 

ATR, DLH, MOC, PPR, UOC. 

ASH, SIN, SOG, TX. 

ATR, CCP, CPI, CSD, CSP, ELP, 'ENJ, LEN, MON, PPR, SHC, 

SHO, SNT, SOC, SUN, TOC, UCC, VPT. 
ACC, ACU, CBN, CPI, CPX, DUP, ELP, ENJ, FG, GOC, JCC, LEN, 

MOC, MON, OMC, PLC, SOC, SOG, SOI, TX, USI, VPT. 



CCP, MON. 



DOW, DUP, MNO, MON, UCC, x. 

ACU, CCP, ENJ, MON, PAN, PLC, SHO, SM, TX, USI. 

ACU, ATR, BFG, CBN, CCP, CO, CPX, DOW, DUP, EKX, ELP, 

ENJ, GOC, JCC, KPP, MON, OMC, PLC, SHC, SM, SNO, TX, 

UCC, USI. 
AMO, COR, CSO, CPI, ENJ, PLC. 

AMO, APR, ASH, ATR, CCP, CO, CSD, CSO, CSP, ENJ, GRS, 
MOC, OMC, PAN, PLC, SHO, SIN, SM, SNT, SOG, SOI, 
SUN, TX, UOC, USI. 

GOC. 

ACU, AMO, ASH, ATR, BFG, CBN, CCP, CPX, CSO, CSP, DOW, 
DUP, EKX, ELP, ENJ, GOC, JCC, KPP, MOC, MON, PLC, 
SHO, SIN, SIO, SM, SNT, SOG, SOI, SUN, TX, UCC, UOC. 

APL, ATR, CBN, CPY, DOW, ELP, ENJ, FRS, MON, PLC, PTT, 

SBI, SHO, SM, SOC, TID, TUS, UCC. 
ACU, ATR, CO, CPX, DOW, EKX, GOC, GYR, KPP, PLC, SHC, 

SHO. SIN, SOC- 
COR, CPI, CSD, CSP, GRS, OMC, PAN, PLC, PIT, SHO, SM, 

SNT, SOC, SOG, SUN, USI. 
GOC, PLC. 
MON, PLC, PTT. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2, — Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion: Items for which 
U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1969--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3} 



ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS--Continued 

*Ci, hydrocarbons--Continued 

*1-Butene and 2-butene mixture 

*Isobutane 

*Isobutylene 

All other 

*Cs hydrocarbons : 

Isopentane (2-Methylbutane5 

*Isoprene (2-Methyl-l, 3-butadiene) 

n-Pentane 

All other 

'Cs hydrocarbons: 

Hexane 

Neohexane (2, 2-Dimethylbutane) 

All other 

C? hydrocabonns: 

n- Heptane 

*Heptenes, mixed 

All other 

Ce hydrocarbons: 

* Diisobutylene CDiisobutene) 

n-Octane 

2,2,4-Trimethylpentane (Iso-octane) 

All other 

Hydrocarbons, Cg and above; 

*Nonene (Tripropylene) 

•Polybutene ■ 

*Tetrapropylene 

Tridecene concentrate 

Triisobutylene 

All other 

*A11 other aliphatic hydrocarbons and derivatives: 
Hydrocarbons: 
*Alpha olefins--Molecular weight ranges: 

*C6-C7 



Co-C 1 



*Cii-Ci5 

All other 

n-Paraffins 

'Hydrocarbon derivatives: 

1-Butanethiol 

tert-Butyl-mercaptan C2-Methyl-2-propanethiol)- 

Cyclohexyl mercaptan- 

Di-tert-butyl disulfide 

Di-tert-nonylpolysulfide 

Ethyl mercaptan (Ethanethiol) 

Isopropyl mercaptan 

Methyl mercaptan (Methanethiol) 

tert-Nonyl mercaptan 

tert-Octyl mercaptan 

n-Propyl mercaptan (1-Propanethiol) 

All other 



AMO, ATR, CSO, ENJ, GOC, PLC, SHO, SOC, TX, UOC. 

CSP, ELP, OMC, PAN, PLC, SHO, SUN, TX, USI. 

ENJ, PTT, SHO, SIN, UOC. 

APR, BFG, ENJ, JCC, MON, PLC, SM, USI. 

PAN, PLC, SHO, SM. 

APL, ENJ, GYR, MON. 

APR. 

GYR, MON, PLC, TX, UCC, USI. 

ENJ, PLC, SOG. 

PLC. 

APR, MON, PLC, UOC. 

EKX, PLC, SOG. 

CSD, ENJ, GOC, HOU, SIN, SOI, TID. 

ENJ, TX, UOC. 

ATR, PTT, TX. 
PLC, SOG. 
PLC. 
ENJ, PLC. 

ATR, ENJ, GOC, HOU, UOC. 

ACC, CSD, ENJ, SOC, SOI. 

ATR, CO, COR, ENJ, GOC, SOC, SUN, TX, UOC. 

ENJ. 

ATR. 

ATR, ENJ, GOC, HOU, PLC, SIN, SOC, SUN, TID, UCC, x. 



GOC, GYR, PLC, SOC. 

GOC, SOC. 

ENJ, GOC, SOC. 

EKX, GOC, KPP, SOC, TID. 

CO, ENJ, SOC. 

PAS, PLC. 

PAS, PLC. 

PAS, PLC. 

PLC. 

PAS. 

PAS. 

PAS. 

ACC, PAS. 

PAS. 

PAS. 

PAS. PLC. 

EKX, PAS, PLC. 



CRUDE PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS FOR CHEMICAL CONVERSION 



TABLE 3.- 



- Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion: 
Directory of manufacturers, 1969 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


ACC 


Amoco Chemicals Corp. 


LEN 


Leonard Refineries, Inc. 


ACU 


Allied Chemical Corp., Union Texas 








Petroleum Div. 


MNO 


Monochem, Inc. 


AMO 


American Oil Co. (Texas) 


MOC 


Marathon Oil Co., Texas Refining Div. 


APL 


Ameripol, Inc. 


MON 


Monsanto Co. 


APR 


Atlas Processing Co. 






ASH 


Ashland Oil, Inc. 


OMC 


Olin Corp. 


ATR 


Atlantic Richfield Co., ARCO Chemical Co, Div. 










PAN 


Pan American Petroleum Corp. 


BFG 


B.F. Goodrich Co., B.F. Goodrich Chem. Co. Div. 


PAS 


Pennwalt Chemical Corp. 


BRP 


British Petroleum Co. 


PLC 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 






PPR 


Phillips Puerto Rico Core, Inc. 


■CBN 


Columbian Carbon Co., Inc., Chemicals Div. 


PRD 


Productol Chemical Co., Inc. 


CCP 


Crown Central Petroleum Corp. 


PTT 


Petro-Tex Chemical Corp. 


CO 


Continental Oil Co. 






COL 


Collier Carbon S Chemical Corp. 


RH 


Rohm 5 Haas Co. 


COR 


Commonwealth Oil § Refining Co., Inc. 






CPI 


Commonwealth Petrochemicals, Inc. 


SBI 


Standard Brands Chemical Industries, Inc. 


CPX 


Chemplex Co. 


SHC 


Shell Oil Co., Sheel Chemical Co. Div. 


CPY 


Copolymer Rubber § Chemical Corp. 


SHO 


Shell Oil Co. 


CSD 


Cosden Oil S Chemical Co. 


SIN 


Atlantic Richfield Co., Products Div., Mid 


CSO 


Cities Service Oil Co. 




Continent Area 


CSP 


Coastal States Petrochemical Co. 


SIO 


Standard Oil Co. of Ohio 






SKO 


Skelly Oil Co. 


DLH 


Amerada Hess, Hess Oil § Chemical Div. 


SM 


Mobil Chemical Co. 


DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. 


SM 


Mobil Oil Corp. 


DUP 


E . I . duPont de Nemours S Co . , Inc . 


SNO 


SunOlin Chemical Co. 






SNT 


Suntide Refining Co. 


EKX 


Eastman Kodak Co., Texas Eastman Co. Div. 


SOC 


Standard Oil Co. of California, Chevron 


ELP 


El Paso Products Co. 




Chemical Co. 


ENJ 


Enjay Chemical Co. 


SOG 


Signal Oil 5 Gas Co. 






SOI 


American Oil Co. (Maryland) 


FG 


Foster Grant Co., Inc. 


SUN 


Sun Oil Co. 


FRS 


Firestone Tire S Rubber Co., Firestone 








Synthetic Rubber 5 Latex Co. Div. 


TID 


Getty Oil Co. 






TOC 


Tenneco Oil Co. 


GOC 


Gulf Oil Corp., U.S. Gulf Oil Co., Chemicals 


TUS 


Texas-U.S. Chemical Co. 




Div. 


TX 


Texaco, Inc. 


GRS 


Pontiac Refining Corp. , 






GYR 


Goodyear Tire g Rubber Co. 


UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 






UOC 


Union Oil Co. of California 


HOU 


Air Products S Chemicals, Inc., Houdry 


US I 


National Distillers 5 Chemical Corp., 




Process § Chemical Co. Div. 




U. S. Industrial Chemicals Co. Div. 


JCC 


Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc. 


VPT 


Vickers Refining Co., Inc. 


KPP 


Sinclair-Koppers Co. 







For complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies, refer to table 1 in the Appendix. 



CYCLIC' INTERMEDIATES 21 

Cyclic intermediates are synthetic organic chemicals derived princi- 
pally from petrolevim and natural gas and from coal-tar crudes produced by 
destructive distillation (pyrolysis) of coal. Most cyclic intermediates 
are used in the manufacture of more advanced synthetic organic chemicals 
and finished products, such as dyes, medicinal chemicals, elastomers (syn- 
thetic rubbers), pesticides, and plastics and resin materials. Some 
intermediates, however, are sold as end products without further processing. 
For example, refined naphthalene may be used as a raw material in the 
manufacture of 2-naphthol or of other more advanced intermediates, or it 
may be packaged and sold as a moth repellent or as a deodorant. In 1969 
about four-tenths of the total output of cyclic intermediates was sold; 
the rest was consumed chiefly by the producing plants in the manufacture of 
more advanced intermediates and finished products. 

1 
Total production of cyclic intermediates (table 1) in 1969 — 28,571 
million pounds--was the largest on record, and was 14.2 percent larger 
than the output of 25,014 million pounds reported for 1968. The larger 
output of cyclic intermediates in 1969 reflects the increased demand by 
the chemical products industries, particularly those industries that pro- 
duce plastics materials, dyes, pigments and plastici^ers . Sales of 
cyclic intermediates in 1969 amounted to 12,398 million pounds, valued at 
$1,208 million, compared with 11,328 million pounds, valued at $1,131 
million, in 1968. In terms of quantity, sales of cyclic intermediates in 
1969 were 9.4 percent larger than those in 1968 and in terms of value, 
6.8 percent larger. 

Production of ethylbenzene in 1969 was 4,907 million pounds, or 
21.6 percent larger than the 4,034 million pounds reported for 1968. 
Output of styrene in 1969 was 4,648 million pounds, an increase of 25.7 
percent over the 3,698 million pounds in 1968. Other intermediates whose 
production exceeded 1 billion pounds in 1969 were cyclohexane (2,232 
million pounds), phenol (1,691 million pounds), cumene (1,687 million 
pounds), p-xylene (1,628 million pounds) , dimethyl terephthalate (1,537 
million pound^ and terephthalic acid (1,045 million pounds). The output 
of other large-volume intermediates in 1969 compared with 1968 were: 
Ortho-xylene, 850 million pounds (10.0 percent less than in 1968); 
phthalic anhydride, 760 million pounds (2.2 percent larger); cyclohex- 
anone, 704 million pounds (46.1 percent larger); chlorobenzene, 602 
million pounds (4.5 percent larger); straight chain alky Iben zones , 529 
million pounds (no comparable statistics in 1968); and nitrobenzene, 
484 million pounds (21.6 percent larger). Production of isocyanates 
amounted to 421 million pounds (24.2 percent larger than in 1968), and 
production of aniline was 334 million pounds, an increase of 27.0 per- 
cent over 1968. The above 16 chemicals accounted for 84 percent of the 
total output of cyclic intermediates in 1969. 



See also table 2 of this section which lists these products alpha- 
betically and identifies the manufacturers of each from the list in 
table 3. Imports of intermediates and related products in 1968 and 1969 
are given in table 1 in the Appendix. 



22 SYNTHETIC ORGMIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



Table 1 gives statistics on production and sales of cyclic intermediates 
in 1969. In general, the classification of a given chemical as an inter- 
mediate is determined by the way in which the greater part of its output is 
consumed. Individual statistics given in the table represent approximately 
90 percent of the total quantity of intermediates produced. Since many of 
the intermediates included in the statistics represent successive steps in 
production, the totals necessarily include considerable duplication. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 23 

TABLE l.--Cycb.c intermediates: U.S. production and sales, 1969 

[Listed below are all cyclic intermediates for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data 
were reported.) Table 2 lists alphabetically all cyclic intermediates for which data on production or sales 
were reported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



Quantity 



Unit 
value' 



Total 

Acetanilide, tech 

Acetoacetanilide 

o-Acetoacetanisidide 

o-Acetoacetotoluidide 

Acetophenone, tech 

Alkylbenzenes^ 

S'-Aminoacetanilide 

4'-Aminoacetanilide (Acetyl-p-phenylenedi amine) 

5-Amino-2- Cp-arainoanilino)benzenesulfonic acid 

1-Aminoanthraquinone and salt 

2-Aminoanthraquinone and salt 

6-Amino-3,4'-azodibenzenesulfonic acid (CI. Acid Yellow 9) 

l-Amino-4-benzamidoanthraquinone 

2-Amino-p-benzenedisulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

l-Amino-2-bromo-4-p-toluidinoanthraquinone 

l-Amino-5-chloroanthraquinone 

l-Amino-2,4-dibromoanthraquinone 

l-Amino-9,10-dihydro-9, 10-dioxo-4-p-toluenesulfonamido-2- 

anthracenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

4-Amino-3-hydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid Cl,2,4-acid) 

6-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Gamma acid), 

sodium salt 

7-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (J acid), 

sodium salt 

N-(4-Amino-3-methoxy-l-anthraquinonyl)-p-toluenesulfonamide 

6-Amino-l, 3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino I acid) 

7-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino G acid) 

4-Amino-l-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Naphthionic acid) 

6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Broenner's acid) 

2-Amino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [SOjHsl] 

2-Amino-4-nitrophenol 

4-Amino-4'-nitro-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

p- [(p-Aminophenyl)azo]benzenesulfonic acid 

4-Araino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

6-Amino-ni-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

Aniline (Aniline oil) 

7-Anilino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Phenyl J acid) 

Anilinomethanesulfonic acid and salt 

8-Anilino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Phenyl peri acid) 

o^Anisidine 

o-Anisidinomethanesulfonic acid 

Anisole, tech 

N,N'-(l,5-Anthraquinonylene)dianthranilic acid 

1-Benzamido-S-chloroanthraquinone 

7H-Benz[de]anthracen-7-one (Benzanthrone) 

Benzoic acid, tech 

o-Benzoylbenzoic acid 

[4,4'-Bi-7H-benz[de]anthracene]-7,7'-!Tlione 

1,4- Bis [l-anthraquinonylamino]anthraquinone 

3-Bromo-7H-benz[de]anthracene-7-one (3-Bromobenzanthrone) 

2-Bromo-4,6-dinitroaniline 

l-Bromo-4-(methylamino)anthraquinone 

Camphosulfonic acid 

Ir-Chloroanthraquinone 

2-Chloroanthraquinone 

Chlorobenzene, mono- 

0- (p-Chlorobenzoyl)benzoic acid 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



28,570,871 



1,000 



1,000 
dollar's 



1,208,447 



Per 
pound 



4,270 

3,731 

791 

1.138 

529,118 
5 



951 
,229 



906 

902 

178 

101 

49 

104 

201 

328 

103 

243 

334,056 

40 

409 

226 

2,271 

493 

333 

35 

62 

1,922 

23,884 

4,457 

393 

67 

201 

147 

24 

154 

179 

879 

601,959 

1,432 



3,492 

650 

1,002 

1,174 

518,128 



1,562 

725 

549 

349 

52,298 



.45 
1.12 
.55 
.30 
.10 



182 
204,973 



165 
21,624 



2,302 



24 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 1. --Cyclic intermediates: U.S. production and sales, 196 9- -Continued 



Quantity 



l-Chloro-2-methylanthraquinone 

l-Chloro-S-nitroanthraquinone 

1-Chloro- 2- nitrobenzene (Chloro-o-nitrobenzene) 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

a-Chlorotoluene (Benzyl chloride) 

[ (4-Chloro-o-tolyl)thio] acetic acid 

Cresols-, total' 

o-Cresol 

.(ni,p)-Cresol 

All other'* 

Cresylic acid, refined, total 

From coal tar ^ 

From petroleum 

Cumene 

Cyclohexane 

Cyclohexanol 

Cyclohexanone 

1,4-Diaminoanthraquinone 

2,6-Diaminoantbraquinone 

l,4-Diamino-2, 3-dihydroanthraquinone 

4,4' -Di ami no- 2, 2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

4,5* -Dibenzamido-l , 1 ' -iminodianthraquinone 

l,S-Dibenzoylnaphthalene 

1, 5-Dichloroanthraquinone 

1, 8-Dichloroanthraquinone 

o-Dichlorobenzene 

p-Dichlorobenzene 

3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine base and salts 

2,5-Dichloro-4- [3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 

acid 

3^(2' ,6'-Dichlorophenyl)-S-methyl-4-isoxazolecarbonyl chloride-- 

Dicyclopentadiene (includes cyclopentadiene) 

p-(Diethylamino)benzaldehyde 

N,N-Diethylaniline 

9, 10-Dihydro-l,4-dihydroxy-9, 10-dioxo-2-anthracenesul£onic acid- 
9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-l,S-anthracenedisulfonic acid, disodium 

salt 

9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-l,8-anthracenedisulfonic acid, 

potassium salt 

9, 10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-2,6-anthracenedisulfonic acid and salt-- 
9, 10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-l-anthracenesulfonic acid and salt 

(Gold salt) 

1,4-Dihydroxyanthraquinone (Quinizarin) 

l,S-Dihydroxyanthraquinone (Anthrarufin) 

l,8-Dihydroiy-4,S-dinitroanthraquinone (4,5-Dinitrochrysazin)--- 

16,17- Dihydroxyvio lanthrone (Dihy droxy dib ehzanthrone) 

N,N- Dimethyl aniline 

N,N-Dimethylbenzylainine 

2, 2-Dimethyl-l, 1' -bianthraquinone . 

2,4-Dinitroaniline 

3' ,4-Dinitrobenzanilide 

2,4-Dinitrophenol, tech 

4,4'-Dinitrostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid- 

2, 4 (and 2,6)-Dinitrotoluene 

Diphenylamine 

1,4-Di-p-toluidinoanthraquinone 

Divinylbenzene 

p-Dodecylphenol 

N-Ethylaniline, refined 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 



1,000 
dollars 



366 
66 



96,836 



19,279 



21,871 
46,519 
28,446 



21,601 
37,467 
24,562 



3,173 
5,712 
8,032 



18,354 
56,010 

1,686,978 
2,231,641 

704,215 

51 

150 

438 

11,S66 

102 

583 

97 

67 

70,372 

52,060 

3,702 

412 



330 
298 

2,242 

2,195 

222 

343 

365 

123 

141 

164 

16 

14,682 

258,583 

34,750 

110 

3,262 

10,083 

2,500 



15,534 
50,012 



908,596 
2,061,747 



58,874 



53,027 

53,934 

3,769 



1,492 



66 
149 

34,598 
2,590 



2,403 
8,038 

33,392 

68,768 

1,139 



5,532 
4,991 
4,391 



253 
1,525 



2,424 
107 



7,172 
810 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



TABLE 1. — Cyclic intermediates: U.S. production and sales, 1969--Continued 



Quantity 



1,000 



Ethylbenzene 

N-Ethyl-N-pheny lb enzyl amine - 

Hydroquinone, tech 

p-Hydroxybenzenesulfonic acid 

4-Hydroxymetanilamide 

4-Hydroxymetanilic acid 

3-Hydroxy-2-methylcinchoninic acid 

3-Hydroxy-2, 7»naphthalenedisul£onic acid, and disodium salt- 

6-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid and sodium salt- 

1,1 



' -Iminobis [4-aminoanthraquinone] 

' - 1 mi nob is [ 5-b en zami doanthraquinone ] 

'-Iminobis [4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesul£onic acid]- 

' -Iminobis [4-nitroanthraquinone] 

'-Iminodianthraquinone (l,l'-Dianthrimide) 



Isocyanic acid derivatives, total 

Polymethylene polypheny lisocyanate 

Toluene 2,4- and 2,6-diisocyanate (80/20 mixture)- 
Other isocyanic acid derivatives '■ 



4,4'-Isopropylidenediphenol (Bisphenol A) 

Isoviolanthrone (Isodibenzanthrone) 

Leuco quinizarin (1 ,4,9, 10-Anthratetrol) 

dl-p-Mentha-l,8-diene (Limonene) 

Metanilic acid 

4,4'-Methylenebis [N,N-dimethylaniline] (Methane base) 

m- C3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic acid 

p-C3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic acid 

3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one (Developer Z) 

a-Methylstyrene 

Naphthalene, solidifying at 79° C. or above (refined flake) 

(from domestic crude) 

2,7-Naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

Naphth[l, 2-d] [1, 2, 3]oxadiazole-5-sulfonic acid 

Nitrobenzene 

m-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid and sodium salt 

m-Nitrobenzoic acid and sodium salt 

7(and 8)-Nitronaphth[l,2-d] [1,2, 3]oxadiazole-5-sulfonic acid- 

p-Nitrophenol and sodium salt 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

5-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH2=1] 

16-Nitroviolanthrone 

Nonylphenol 

l-[ (7-Oxo-7H-benz[de] anthracene -3-yl) amino] anthraquinone 

Phenol, grand total'-- 

Natural, from coal tar and petroleum 

Synthetic, total 

From cumene 

Other synthetic 



Phenylacetonitrile (a-Tolunitrile) 

p-Phenylazoaniline (C.I. Solvent Yellow 1) and hydrochloride- 

1-Phenyl-l, 2-propanedione, 2-oxime 

Phthalic anhydride 



Picolines, total '^ 

2-Picoline (a-Picoline)- 
Other picolines 



4,907,080 

721 

12,341 

7,194 

212 

91 

199 

2,044 

670 

109 

49 

9 

109 

115 



101,647 
258,321 
61,523 

182,061 

25 

164 

9,801 

1,170 

738 

25 

178 



2,235 

33 

566 

484,457 

3,081 

911 

551 

38,837 

12,911 

277 

45 

71,489 

360 



1,691,108 



54,867 
,636,241 
955,997 
680,244 



323 

208 

760,007 

2,634 



1,000 
pounds 



457,743 
11,685 



1,000 
dollars 



15,930 



,123 



,003 



60,534 
251,558 
41,423 

64,200 



20,236 
75,844 
19,461 

12,014 



13,98 



9,860 
1,447 



15,741 

199 

30,130 

681,548 



1,351 



795 
584 



5,395 

313 

3,466 

53,619 



38,712 
642,836 
380,544 
262,292 

531 



446,419 
1,880 



3,361 
50,258 
29,774 
20,484 

271 



843 
1,791 



872 
1,008 



312 
404 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 
TABLE 1.-- Cyclic intermediates: U.S. production and sales, 196 9- -Continued 



Production 



Quantity 



Unit 
value' 



1,000 



Piperidine 

Salicylaldehyde 

Salicylic acid, tech 

Styrene, all grades 

Terephthalic acid 

Terephthalic acid, dimethyl ester 

1,4,5,8-Tetrahydroxyanthraquinone, leuco derivative 

3, 3'-Thiobis [7H-benz [de]anthracen-7-one] 

Toluene- 2, 4- diamine (4-m-Tolylenediamine) 

o-Cp-Toluoyl)benzoic acid 

4-(o-Tolylazo>o-toluidine (CI. Solvent Yellow 3) 

1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene 

1, 3, 3-Trimethyl-A ,a-indolineacetaldehyde 

l,3,3-Trimethyl-2-methyleneindoline (Trimethyl base) 

7,7'-Ureylenebis [4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesul£onic acid] (J acid 

Urea) 

Violanthrone (Dibenzanthrone) 

o- Xylene 

p- Xylene 

All other cyclic intermediates 



578 

3,920 

39,983 

4,647,868 

1,045,362 

1,537,036 

128 

34 

114,823 

512 

219 

15,217 

268 

483 

226 

317 

850,442 

1,628,205 

3,147,763 



1,000 
do I lars 



2,284 

8,136 

1,896,755 



2,397 

2,609 

120,485 



732,523 
1,206,941 
1,429,770 



26,509 

79,960 

334,364 



Per 
pound 



51.05 
.32 
.06 



.07 
.23 



1 Calculated from rounded figures. 

2 Includes straight-chain dodecylbenzene, tridecylbenzene and other straight-chain alkylbenzenes. Branched-chain 
alkylbenzenes are included in "All other cyclic intermediates." 

3 Includes data for coke ovens and gas-retort ovens, reported to the Division of Fossil Fuels, U.S^ Bureau of 
Mines, and for tar and petroleum refineries and other producers, reported to the U.S. Tariff Commission. 

I* Figures include Co,m,p)-cresol from coal tar and some m-cresol and p-cresol. 

5 Does not include ethylbenzene produced and consumed in continuous-process styrene manufacture. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



27 



TABLE 2.— Cyclic intermediates: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969 

[Cyclic intermediates for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked with an asterisk (*); cyclic 
intermediates not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and 
may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 3. An x signifies 
that the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
Caccording to list in table 3) 



8,.AcetaJiiido-l- C4-acetamido-2-hydroxy-S-nitrophenylazo)-2- 

naphthol 

3- [(2-Acetamido-4-aminophenyl)azo]-l,5-naphthalenedi- 
sulfonic acid. 

2,2'- [(5-Acetaniido-2-ethoxyphenyl)imino]diethanol 

2,2'- [C3-Acetamidophenyl)imino]diethanol 

0-Acetamido-p- toluenes ulfonami da 

*Acetanilide, tech 

p-Acetanisidide 

Acetic acid, phenyl ester 

*Acetoacetanilide 

*o-Acetoacetanisidide 

*o-Acetoacetotoluidide 

2' ,4'-Acetoacetoxylidide 

I'-Acetonaphthone 

Acetone phenylhydrazone 

*Acetophenone, tech 

2-Acetoxy-3,5-diiodo-4'-chlorobenzanilide 

N-Acetylanthranilic acid 

p- Ace tylbenzenesulf on amide 

p-Acetylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

p-Acetylbenzenesulfony lure thane 

N-Acetylsulfanilyl chloride 

*Alkylbenzenes : 

Dodecylbenzene (including tridecylbenzene) : 

*Straight chain 

Other 

*Other alkylbenzenes : Straight chain 

Alkylphenols, mixed 

Alkylpiperazines , mixed 

a-dl-5-Allyl-5-(l-methyl-2-pentynyl)-l-methylbarbituric 
acid. 

*3'-Aminoacetanilide 

*4'-Aminoacetanilide (Acetyl-p-phenylenediamine) 

3'-Amino-p-acetanisidide 

3' -Aminoacetophenone 

*5- Amino- 2- Cp-aminoani lino) benzenesulfonic acid 

l-Amino-4-C3-amino-4-sulfoanilino)-9,10-dihydro-9, 10- 

dioxo-2-anthracenesulfonic acid. 
l-Ainino-4-(4-amino-3-sulfoanilino)-9,10-dihydro-9, 10- 
dioxo-2-anthracenesulfonic acid. 

2- (p-Aminoanilino) -S-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

3-Amino-p-anisamide 

3-Aiiiino-p-anisanilide 

5-Amino-2-o-anisidinobenzenesulfonic acid 

*l-Aminoanthraquinone and salt 

*2-Aminoanthraquinone and salt 

SCand 8)-Amino-l-anthraquinonesulfonic acid 

N-C4-Amino-l-anthraquinonyl)anthranilic acid 

N-C5- Amino- l-anthraquinonyl)anthrani lie acid 

N-C8-Amino-l-anthraquinonyl)anthranilic acid 

4-Aminoantipyrine 

*6-Amino-3,4'-azodibenzenesulfonic acid (C.I. Acid 
Yellow 9). 

Aminoazoxylene toluene homologues 

p-Audnobenzamide 

*1- Amino- 4-benzamidoanthraquinone 

1- Amino- 5-benzamidoanthraquinone 

7- [p- (p-Aminobenzamido)benzamido]-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalene- 

sulfonic acid. 
7- (m-Aminobenzamido) -4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid- 
7-(p-Aminobenzamido)-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid- 
s' -Aminobenzanilide 

4'-Aminobenzanilide 

3' -Aminobenzanilide-4'- sulfonic acid 



■TRC. 
TRC. 

AAP. 

AAP. 

SDW. 

CTN, EKT, MRK, SAL. 

EKT. 

UCC. 

FMP, HST, UCC. 

FMP, HST, UCC. 

FMP, HST, UCC. 

HST. 

GIV. 

DUP. 

ACP, SKO, UCC. 

PCW. 

DUP. 

LIL. 

LIL. 

LIL. 

ACY, CTN, MRK, SAL. 



ATR, BRP, CO, MON, UCC, WCC. 

CO, SOC. 

SOC. 

GAP, ORO. 

HOU. 

LIL. 

AAP, GAP, TRC. 

ACS, DUP, GAP, TRC. 

EKT. 

CTN, SDH. 

ACS, TRC, YAW. 

TRC. 

TRC. 



ACS, 
PCW. 
PCW. 
TRC. 
AAP, 
ACS, 
ICI. 
GAP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
VPC. 
ACS, 



ACS, ACY, CMG, GAP, ICI, MAY, TRC. 
ACY, DUP, GAP, TRC. 



ACY, TRC. 



ACS. 

SDH. 

ACY, MAY, TRC. 

GAP, ICI, TRC. 

CMG, DUP. 

TRC. 

CMG, GAP. 
AAP. 
GAP. 
TRC. 



28 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. --CycUc intermediates: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



*2-AiTiino-p-benzenedisulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

o-Aminobenzenethiol 

2-Aniinobenzimidazole 

5-Amino-2-benzimidazolinone 

p- Ami nob en zoic acid, tech 

p- Ami nob en zoic acid, 2- (dimethylamino)ethyl ester 

4-Aiiiinobenzophenone 

2-Amino-6-benzothiazolecarboxylic acid 

2- Cm-Aminobenzoyl) -o-acetanisidide 

N-(4-Amino-3-bromo-l-anthraquinonyl)anthranilic acid 

N- (4- Amino- 3-bromo-l-anthraquinonyl5-p-tolui dines ulfonic 
acid. 

2-Amino-l-bromo-3-chloroanthraquinone 

S(and 8) -Amino- 8 (and S)-bromo-9, lO-dihydro-g.lO-dioxo- 
l.eCand l,7)anthracenedisulfonic acid. 
l-Aiiiino-4-bromo-9,10-dihydro-9,10-dioxo-2-anthracenesul- 
fonic acid and sodium salt. 

1- Amino- 2-bromo-4-hydroxyanthraquinone 

l-Amino-4-bromo-2-methylanthraquinone 

6-Amino-7-bromonaphth[2,3-c]acridan-5,8,14-trione 

*1- Amino- 2-bromo-4-p-toluidinoanthraquinone 

7-Aminocephalosporonic acid, p-toluenesulfonate, 

dihydrate. 

*1- Amino- 5- chloroanthraqui none 

1- Ami no- 5 (and 8) -chloroanthraqui none 

1- Amino- 8- ch loroanthraquinone 

2- Amino- 1- chloroanthraqui none 

2- Ami no- 3- ch loroanthraquinone 

4-Amino-6-chloro-m-benzenedisulfonamide 

4-Amino-6-chloro-m-benzenedisulfonamide hydrochloride 

5-Amino-2-chlorobenzoic acid ?-■ 

2-Amino-6-chlorobenzothiazole hydrochloride 

o-(3-Amino-4-chlorobenzoyl3benzoic acid 

2-Amino-5-chloro-4-ethylbenzene 

l-Amino-2-chloro-4-hydroxyanthraquinone 

3- Amino- 5- chloro-2-hydroxybenzenes ulfonic acid 

2-Amino-4-chlorophenol 

2-Amino-6-chloropyrazine 

3-Amino-6-chloropyridazine 

2-Amino-S-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

6-Amino-4-chloro-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

2-Amino-p-cresol 

* 1- Amino- 2 , 4- dibromoanthraquinone 

5(and 85 -Amino-6, 8(and 5,7) -dibromo-9 , lO-dihydro-9, 10- 

dioxo-1-anthracenesulfonic acid. 

1-Amino- 2, 4- dich loroanthraquinone 

■2-Amino-5,6-dichlorobenzothiazole 

6-Amino-2,4-dichloro-m-cresol 

4'-Amino-2' ,5 '-diethoxybenzanilide 

l-Amino-9,10-dihydro-9,10-dioxo-2-anthroic acid 

*l-Amino-9,10-dihydro-9, lO-dioxo-4-p-toluenesulfonamido- 

2-anthracenesulfonic acid, sodium salt. 
5-Amino-4,5'-dihydroxy-3,4'- [(2-methoxy-5-inethyl-p- 

phenylene)bis(azo) ]-di-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, 

5 ' -benzenesulfonate . 

2- Ami no- 4- (a,a-dimethylbenzyl)phenol 

3-Amino-4-ethoxyacetanilide -- 

3-Amino-9-ethylcarbazole 

N-(2-Aminoethyl)-N-ethyl-m-toluidine 

3-Amino-a-ethylhydrocinnamic acid 

p-Amino-N-ethyl-N-1-naphthylbenzamide 

N- [2-(4-Amino-N-ethyl-m-toluidino)ethyl]methanesulfonamide, 

hemisulfate. 

2- Amino- 3-hydroxyanthraquinone 

l-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-methoxyanthraquinone 

4-Araino-S-hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, 

benzenesulfonate. 
3-Amino-5-hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (2R acid) 

monosodium salt. 
4-Araino-5-hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (H acid), 

monosodium salt. 
*4-Amino-3-hydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (1,2,4 acid)-- 



ACS, DUP, GAF, ICC, TRC. 

FMT. 

EK. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

SOW. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

GAF. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

ICI. 
TRC. 

CMG, ICI, TRC. 

AAP, DUP. 

ICI. 

TRC. 

ACS, GAF, ICI, TRC. 

LIL. 

ACY, DUP, ICI, MAY, TRC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

ICI. 

ABB. 



TRC. 

DUP. 

AAP, 

ACY. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

SW. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY, 

DUP, 

TRC. 

AAP, 

ICI. 



HSC. 
HSC, SW. 



ACS, DUP, ICI, TRC. 



TRC. 

SDC. 

EK. 

ALL. 

DUP. 

AAP, DUP, 



TRC. 
AAP. 
SDC 
WAY. 
SDW. 
GAF. 
WAY. 

GAF. 
TRC. 
TRC. 

ACS. 

ACS, MON. 

ACS, ACY, GAF, TRC, VPC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



29 



TABLE 2. 



-Cyclic intermediates: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



4-Amino-5-hydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (S acid), 

sodium salt. 
*6-Aniino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid CGamma acid) 

sodium salt. 
*7-A)r.ino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (J acid), 

sodium salt. 

3'-Amino-2'-hydroxy-5'-nitroacetanilide' 

2- C2-Aiiiino-5-hydroxy-7-sulfo-l-naphthylazo)-5-nitro- 

benzoic acid. 
1- C6-Amino-l-hydroxy-3-sulfo-2-naphthylazo)-6-nitro-2- 

naphthol-4-sulfonic acid. 

5-Aminoisophthalic acid 

4-Ajiiino-3-(S-niethanesulfonamidoethyl)-N,N-diethylaniline 

hydrochloride. 
*N- (4-Amino-3-methoxy-l-anthraquinonyl)-p-toluenesulfon- 

amide. 

S-Amino-6-methoxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

m- [(4-Amino-3-iiiethoxyphenyl)azo]benzenesulfonic acid 

8- Amino- 6-methoxyquino line 

4- [(4-Amino-5-methoxy-o-tolyl3azo]-4-hydroxy-2,7-naphtha- 

lenedisulfonic acid, benzenesulfonate. 
3- [C4-Amino-5-methoxy-o-tolyl)azo]-l,5-naphthalenedisul- 

fonic acid. 
7- [C4-Amino-5-methoxy-o-tolyl)azo]-l,3-naphthalenedisul- 

fonic acid. 
7- [(4-Amino-5-methoxy-o-tolyl)azo]-l,3- (and l,5)-naphtha- 
. lenedisulfonic acid. 

4'-Amino-N-methylacetanilide 

1- Amino- 2-me thy lanthraquinone 

4-Amino-4'- (3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin- l-yl)-2,2'-stil- 
benedisulfonic acid. 
7- Amino- 3-me thy 1-8- 0X0-5- thio-1-azobicyc lo [4.2.0 ]oct -2- 

en-2-carboxylic acid (2,2,2-trichloroethyl)ester, 

p-toluenesulfonate. 

2- Amino- 3-me thy Ipyri dine 

2- Amino- 6-me thy Ipyri dine 

2- Amino- 4-me thy Ipyrimi dine C2-Amino-4-methyl- 1 , 3-diazine) ■ 

2-Amino-4-(methylsulfonyl)phenol 

2-Amino-5-methyl-l,3,4-thiadiazole 

1- Amino- 2-me thy 1-4-p- to luidinoanthraquinone 

1-Aminonaphth [2, 3-c]acridan-5,8,14-trione 

4-Aininonaphth [2, 3-c]acridan-5, 8, 14-trione 

6-Aminonaphth [2, 3-c]acridan-5,8,14-trione 

9 (and 12)-Aminonaphth[2,3-c]acridan-S,8-14-trione 

2- Amino- 1,5-naphtha lenedisulfonic acid 

3-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (C acid) 

3-Amino-2, 7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

4-Amino-l,S-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

4- Amino- 1,6-naphtha lenedisulfonic acid 

*6-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino I acid) 

*7- Amino- 1,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino G acid) 

l-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (o-Naphthionic acid)--- 

2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Tobias acid) 

*4- Amino- 1-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Naphthionic acid) 

4-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

4(and 5) -Amino- 1-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

5-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Laurent's acid) 

5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (1,6-Cleve's acid) 

5(and 8)-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Cleve's acid, 

mixed) . 

*6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Broenner's acid) 

8-Amino- 1-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Peri acid) 

8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (1,7-Cleve's acid) 

7-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid 

8-Amino- 1, 3, 6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid (Koch's acid)--- 

S(and 8)-Amino-2-naphthol 

8-Amino- 2-naphthol 

2- (4- Amino- 1-naphthylazo) -4- ( 1 , 1 , 3, 3-tetramethy Ibuty 1) - 

phenol. 

2-Amino-4-nitroacetanilide 

3-Amino-5-(m-nitrobenzamide) -p-toluenesulfonic acid 

*2-Amino-S-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 



ACS. 

ACS, DUP, TCD, TRC. 

ACS, DUP, TCD, TRC. 

TRC. 
TRC. 



GAF. 
EKT. 

AAP, DUP, GAF. 

TRC. 

DUP, TRC. 
SDW. 
TRC. 

TRC. 

ACS, TRC. 

DUP. 

CMG. 
ICI. 
TRC. 



RIL. 






RIL. 






ACY. 






ACS, 


TRC. 




ACY. 






ICI. 






DUP. 






DUP. 






GAF. 






DUP. 






ACY, 


SDH. 




GAF, 


TCD, 


TRC. 


TRC. 






ACS. 






DUP. 






ACS, 


DUP, 


TCD, TRC. 


ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP, TCD, TRC 


DUP. 






ACY, 


SW. 




ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP. 


DUP. 






TRC. 






ACS, 


DUP, 


TCD. 


ACS, 


ALL. 




ACS. 






ACS, 


SNA, 


TRC. 


ACS, 


DUP, 


TCD. 


ACS. 






DUP. 






ACS. 






GAF. 






TRC, 


VPC. 




GAF. 






SDC. 






GAF. 






ACS. 


GAF, 


TRC. 



30 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. — Cyclic intermediates: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



2-Amino-6-nitrobenzothiazole 

*2-Aniino-4-nitrophenol 

4-Aniino-2-nitrophenol 

2- Amino- Cp-nitrophenylazo) naphthalene 

d-2-Amino-l-(p-nitrophenyl)-l,3-propanediol 

*4-Amino-4'-nitro-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

2-Aiidno-S-nitrothiazole 

3'-Aminooxanilic acid 

4'-Aminooxanilic acid 

3-Amino-2-oxazolidinone 

5-Aiiiino-2- [(2-oxo-S-benziniidazolinyl)amino]benzenesul- 
fonic acid. 

p-Aminophenethyl alcohol 

o-Aminophenol 

p-Aminophenol 

2- (p-AminophenoxyJethanol hydrochloride 

Cp - Ami nophenyl) acetic acid 

m- [Cp-Aminophenyl)azo]benzenesulfonic acid 

*p- [(p-Aminophenyl)azo]benzenesulfonic acid 

7- [C4-Aminophenyl) azo]-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

7- [C4-Arainophenyl)azo]-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, 
disodium salt. 

4- [(p-Aminophenyl)azo]-l-naphthylamine 

5- [(p-A)ninophenyl)azo]salicylic acid 

5- [(p-Aiiiinophenyl)azo]salicylic acid, sodium salt 

2,2'- (m-Aminophenylimino)diethanol, diacetate ester 

2,2'- (m-Aminophenylimino)diethanol, dibenzoate 

2- (p-Aminophenyl) -6-methylbenzothiazole 

2- (p-Aminophenyl) -6-methyl-7-benzothiazolesulfonic acid 
and salt. 

l-Cm-Aminophenyl)-S-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid 

3-Aiiiinopyrazole-4-carboxamide sulfate 

2-Aminopyridine 

4-Aminopyridine 

2-Aminopyrimidine 

5- Aminosalicylic acid 

N-C4-Amino-3-sulfo-l-anthraquinonyl)anthranilic acid 

2-Amino-4-Cl,l,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)phenol 

2-Amino-4-Cl,l,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)phenol hydrochloride 

2-Aminothiazole 

3-Amino-p-toluamide 

a- Amino-p- toluenes ulfonamide 

5-Amino-o-toluenesulfonanilide 

*4-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

*6-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

5-Amino-2-p-toluidinobenzenesulfonic acid 

m-C4-Amino-3-tolylazo)benzenesulfonic acid 

3-[(4-Amino-o-tolyl)azo]-l,S-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

7- [(4-Amino-o-tolyl)azo]-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

16-Aminoviolanthrone , 

2-Amino-3,5-xylenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

5-Amino-2,4-xylenesulfonic acid 

*Aniline (Aniline oil) 

Aniline hydrochloride 

6-Anilino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Phenyl 
gamma acid) . 

*7-Anilino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Phenyl 
J acid) . 

*Anilinomethanesulfonic acid and salt 

*8-Anilino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Phenyl peri acid) 

m-Anilinophenol . 

p-Anilinophenol 

o-Anisaldehyde 

*o-Anisidine 

p-Anisidine 

l-p-Anisidino-4-hydroxyanthraquinone 

*o-Anisidinomethanesulfonic acid 

2-(o-Anisidino)-S-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

m-Anisil 

*Anisole, tech 

4-(o-Anisylazo)-o-anisidine 

3- (o-Anisylazo)benzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 



DUP, SDC, TRC. 



ALT, GAP, TRC. 
TRC. 



TRC. 

ACY, DUP, GAP, TRC. 



RIL. 
RIL. 
TRC. 



DUP, GAP. 
HSC, SNA, SW. 
TRC. 

TRC. 

GAP. 



ACY, DUP, FST, MOB, RUC, USR. 



aiG, DUP, TRC. 



ACS, ACY, ATL, DUP, TRC, VPC. 
DUP, SDC. 



DUP, HON. 

X. 

ATL, DUP, GAP, TRC, VPC. 

GIV, LIL, OPC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



31 



TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
Caccording to list in table 3) 



Anthracene, refined 

Anthranilic acid (o-Aminobenzoic acid)' 

Anthra[l,9-cd]pyrazol-6C2H) -one CPyrazoleanthrone) 

Anthraquinone, 100% 

1,1'- [l,5Cand l,8)-Anthraquinonylenediamino]bis- 
naphth [2,3-c]acridaii-S,8,14-trione. 

*N,N'-(l,5-Anthraquinonylene)dianthranilic acid 

N,N'-Cl,5-Anthraquinonylene)dioxamic acid 

( 1- Anthraquinony 1) - 1 , 2-hydrazinedis ul f oni c aci d , 
disodium salt. 

Arsanilic acid and salt, tech 

Aryl diamines, mixed 

4' ,4' ' '-Azobis [4-biphenylcarboxylic acid] 

Barbituric acid 

Barbituric acid, sodium derivative 

Benzaldehyde, tech 

4- [(4-Benzamido-l-anthraquinonyl)amino]naphth- 
[2,3-c]acridan-5,8, 14-trione. 

l-Benzamido-4-bromo anthraquinone 

1-Benzami do- 4- chloro anthraquinone 

*1-Benzami do- 5- chloro anthraquinone 

1- (4-Benzamido-2 ,5-diethoxyphenyl) -3-methyl-3- (2-sulfo- 
ethyljtriazene. 

4-Benzaraido-5-hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

7-Benzajnido-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

N-(4-Benzamido-6-methoxy-m-tolyl)-N- (me thylazo) glycine 

Benzanilide 

*7H-Benz[de]anthracen-7-one (Benzanthrone) 

m-Benzenedisulfonic acid 

Benzenesulfinic acid, sodium salt 

Benzenesulfonamide 

Benzenesulfonic acid 

Benzenesulfonyl chloride 

l,2,4,5-Benzenetetracarboxylic-l,2:4,5-dianhydride 

1, 2, 4-Benzene tricarboxylic acid 

1,3,5-Benzenetricarboxylic acid (Trimesic acid) 

1,2,4-Benzenetricarboxylic acid, 1,2-anhydride (Tri- 
mellitic anhydride) . 

Benzhydrol (Diphenylmethanol) 

Benzidine hydrochloride and sulfate 

Benzilic acid 

2-Benzofuranacetonitrile 

*Benzoic acid, tech' 

Benzoic acid, hydrazide 

Benzoin . 

Benzonitrile 

Benzophenonetetracarboxylic dianhydride 

2-Benzothiazolethiolj sodium salt 

IH-Benzotriazole 

2H-3,l-Benzoxazine-2,4ClH)-dione 

2-Benzoxazolinone-6-sulfonyl chloride 

*o-Benzoylbenzoic acid 

Benzoyl chloride 

2-Benzoyl-N-l-naphthylacetamide 

2-Benzoyl-4-sulfobenzoic acid 

2-Benzoyl-4'-(p-toluenesulfonamido)acetanilide 

N-Benzylacetamide 

Benzylamine 

4-CBenzylamino)-6-chloro-m-benzenedisulfonic acid 

2-CBenzylamino)ethanol 

p-CBenzylamino) phenol 

4-Benzyl-6- chloro- 3-keto-2-methyl-7-sulfamyl-l, 2, 4-benzyl 

thiadiazine- 1 , 1-dioxi de . 
4-Benzyl-6- chloro- 3-keto-7-sulfamyl-l, 2, 4-benzylthia- 

diazine-1, 1-dioxi de. 
l-Benzyl-4,S-dimethyl-6-(p-methoxybenzyl)-l,2,3,6-tetra- 
hydropyridine oxalate. 

Benzyl disulfide 

Benzyl ether (Dibenzyl ether) 

S-CBenzylethylamino)-o-toluenesulfonic acid 

See footnotes at end of table. 



ACP. 

ACS, DUP, SW. 

DUP, TRC. 

ACY, DUP, GAP, TRC. 

DUP. 

DUP, GAP, ICI, TRC. 

GAP, SW. 

DUP. 

ABB, FLM. 

DA. 

DUP, GAP, TRC. 

LIL. 

ABB. 

BPC, HN, VEL. 

DUP. 

AAP. 

DUP, GAP. 

ACY, GAP, MAY, TRC. 

GAP. 



TRC. 
AAP, 
GAP. 
DUP, 
AAP, 
KPT, 
GAP. 
NES. 
NES, 
NES. 
DUP, 



ACS, ACY, ATL, DUP, GAP, ICI, MAY, SDC, TRC. 
UPF. 



UPF. 
PCR. 



EK. 

ACC. 

ACC. 



PD, UOP. 

ACS, LAK. 

BPC. 

EK. 

HN, MON, PFZ, VEL. 

UP J. 

BPC. 

VEL. 

GOC. 

ACY, GYR, X. 

SW. 

SW. 

SDC. 

ACY, DUP, GAP. 

HK, VEL. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

EK. 

SDW. 

ARS, MLS. 

ABB. 

MLS. 

EK. 

ABB. 



ccw. • 

BPC, UOP. 
ACS. 



32 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. — Cyclic intermediates: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by mamifacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



N-Benzyl-N-ethyl-m-toluidine 

3-Benzyl- 1,2, 3,4,5, 6-hexahydro- 8-hydroxy-cis-6, 1 1- 

diiiiethyl-2,6-methano-3-benzazocine hydrobromide. 

4,4'-Benzylidenedi-o-toluidine 

4,4'-Benzylidinedi-2,S-xylidine 

Benzylidene phthalide 

p-(Benzyloxy) phenol 

l-Benzyl-4-phenylisonipecotic acid 

l-Benzyl-4-phenylisonipecotonitrile 

Benzyl trime thy lairanonium hydroxide 

Benzyltrimethylammonium methoxide * 

[3,3'-Bianthra[l,9-cd]pyrazole]-6,6'-(2H,2'H)dione 

(Pyrazoleanthrone yellow). 

[3,3'-Bi-7H-benz[de]anthracene]-7,7'-dione 

*[4,4'-Bi-7H-benz [de ] anthracene] -7, 7' -dione 

[l,l'-Binaphthalene]-8,8'-dicarboxylic acid 

Biphenyl 

2-BiphenylaJiiine 

2,2'-Biquinoline 

*1,4-Bis [l-anthraquinonylamino]anthraquinone 

1,4-Bis [l-anthraquinonylamino]anthraquinone and 1,4-Bis- 

[5-chloro-l-anthraquinonylamino]anthraquinone (mixed) . 

1,5-Bis [l-anthraquinonylamino]anthraquinone 

1,4-Bis [ (5-benzami do- 1-anthraquinonyl) amino] anthraquinone- 

a ,a'-Bis [5-tert-butyl-6-hydroxy-m-tolyl]niesitol 

Bis(chlorosulfonyl)phthalocyaninedisulfonic acid, copper 

derivative . 

4,4'-Bis(diethylamino)benzhydrol 

4,4'-Bis [diethylamino]benzhydrol, 2,6-naphthalenedi- 

sulfonate. 
4,4-Bis (diethylamino)benzhydrol salt, 2,7-naphthalenedi- 

sulfonic acid mixture. 

4,4'-Bis [diethylamino]benzophenone (Ethyl ketone base) 

4-Bis [(p-diethylaminophenyl) methyl] -2,7- naphthalenedi- 

sulfonic acid, leuco form. 

4,4'-Bis [dimethylamino]benzhydrol (Michler's hydrol) 

4,4'-Bis [dimethylamino]benzophenone (Michler's ketone) 

Bis [p- (dimethylamino)phenyl]methanesulfonic acid and salt- 

1,5- Bis [2,4-dinitrophenoxy]-4,8-dinitroanthraquinone 

l,S(and 1,8)-Bis [2,4-dinitrophenoxy]-4,8(and 4,5)-dinitro- 

anthraquinone. 

3'- [Bis (2-hydroxyethyl) amino] acetanilide 

3'- [Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]benzanilide, diacetate ester- 
s'- [Bis (2-hydroxyethyl) aminojbenzanilide, dibenzoate 

3'- [Bis (2-hydroxy ethyl) amino ]methanesulfonanilide, di- 
acetate ester. 
4, 4 '-Bis [(p-hydroxyphenyl)azo]-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic 

acid (C.I. Direct Yellow 4). 

2,4-Bis(l-methylbutyl)phenol 

1,4-Bis [2-(4-methyl-5-phenyloxazolyl) ]benzene (Dimethyl 

POPOP) . 

Bis (p-nitrophenyl) disulfide ^ 

Bis (p-nitrophenyl) ether 

Bis (o-nitrophenyl) sulfide 

1 , 4-Bis [2- (5-phenyloxazolyl) ]benzene (POPOP) 

4'-Bromoacetanilide ' 

2-Bromoacetophenone 

p-Bromo aniline 

p-Bromoanisole 

*3-Bromo-7H-benz [de]anthracen-7-one (3-Bromobenzanthrone) -• 

Bromobenzene, mono- 

p-Bromobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

Bromochlorobenzene 

5-Bromo-5-chlorobenzoxazolone 

*2-Bromo-4,6-dinitro aniline 

Bromoethylbenzene 

2-Bromo-3'-hydroxyacetophenone benzoate 

l-Bromo-4-(N-methylacetamido) anthraquinone 

*l-Bromo-4-(methylamino)anthraquinone 

6-Bromo-3-methyl-7H-dibenz[f,ij]isoquinoline-2,7-(3H)- 

dione. 



ACS, DUP. 
SDW. 

ACY. 

ACS. 

LIL. 

EK. 

SDW. 

SDW. 

MLS. 

MLS. 

DUP, GAF. 

DUP. 

ACY, DUP, GAF, ICI, MAY. 

ACS. 

GOC, MON. 

NES. 

EK. 

ACY, DUP, GAF, MAY, TRC. 

TRC. 

DUP. 
ICI. 
ACY. 
TRC. 

GAF. 
GAF. 



DSC. 
TRC. 

SDH. 

DSC, DUP, SDH. 

ACS. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

GAF. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 

TRC. 

PAS. 
ARA. 



ARA. 

EK. 

EK. 

EK. 

OPC. 

ACY, 

DOW. 



DOW. 

SW. 

AAP, 

DOW, 

SDH. 

GAF. 

ACS, 

AAP, 



ATL, DUP, ICI, MAY, TRC. 



SDC, TRC. 
RSA. 



DUP, ICI. 
ICI. 



TABLE 2. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 

-Cyclic intermediates: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported 
identified by manufacturer, 1969- -Continued ' 



33 



3-(Bromomethyl) thiophene 

1-Bromonaphthalene 

2-Bromo-4'-nitroacetophenone 

N- (4-Bromopentyl)phthalimide 

p-Bromophenol 

(p-Bromophenyl)acetonitrile 

p-Bromophenylhydrazine hydrochloride 

2-Bromopyridine 

a-Bromotoluene 

o-Bromotoluene 

p-Bromotoluene 

2-Broino-l,3,5-triethylbenzene 

p-Butoxyphenol 

4-[3Cp-Buto}!yphenoxy)propyl]morpholine 

1- CButylamino) anthraquinone 

p-Butylaniline 

2-tert-Butylanthraquinone 

p-tert-Butylbenzaldehyde 

n-Butylbenzene 

sec-Butylbenzene 

tert-Butylbenzene 

p-tert-Butylbenzoic acid 

o- Cp-tert-Butylbenzoyl)benzoic acid 

2-tert-Butyl-p-cresol 

6-tert-Butyl-m-cresol 

(n-Butylcyclopentadienyl) cyclop entadienyliron 

2'-tert-Butyl-4' ,6'-dimethylacetophenone 

4-Biityl-a- (dime thy lamino)-o-cresol 

Butyl-p- (p-ethoxyphenoxycarbonyl)phenyl carbonate 

2-tert-Butyl-4-ethylphenol 

N'-Butyl-4-methoxymetanilamide 

2-tert-Butyl-S-niethylanisole 

o-sec-Butylphenol 

p-sec-Butylphenol 

o-tert-Butylphenol 

p-tert-Butylphenol 

Butylphenols, mixed 

p-tert-Butyltoluene 

5-tert-Butyl-l,2,3-trimethylbenzene 

5- tert-Butyl-m- xylene 

6-tert-Butyl-2,4-xylenol 

Camphoric acid 

Camphoric anhydride 

d-10-Camphorsulfonic acid-- 

*Caiiiphosulfonic acid ■. — , 

Carbazole, refined 

3-Ca-Carboxybenzylamino)crotonic acid, methyl ester, 

sodium salt. 
N- [C3-Carboxy-4-chlorophenyl)-sulfonyl]anthranilic acid-- 

3-Carboxy-2Cand 4)-hydroxybenzenediazonium sulfate 

4- C2-Carboxyphenylazo) -3-methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5- 

one. 

[(o-Carboxyphenyl)thio]ethylmercury 

a-Carboxy-o-toluic acid 

Cedrene 

2'-Chloroacetoacetanilide 

2'-Chloroacetophenone 

4'-Chloroacetophenone 

2-Chloro-2' ,6'-acetoxylidide 

4'-(Chloroacetyl)acetanilide 

m-Chloroaniline 

o-Chloroaniline-- 

p-Chloroaniline- 

3-(o-Chloroanilino)propionitrile 

5-Chloro-o-anisidine [NH2=1] C4-Chloro-o-anisidine 

[0CH3=1]]. 

S^-Chloro-o-anisidine hydrochloride 

4-Chloroanthranilic acid 

*l-Chloroanthraquinone ^^ 

*2-Chloroanthraquinone 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



SDW. 

EK. 

GAF. 

SDW. 

EK. 

BPC. 

EK. 

NEP, RIL. 

EK. 

EK, RSA. 

BPC, EK. 

DUP. 

ABB. 

ABB. 

AAP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

GIV. 

PLC. 

PLC. 

CTN, MTR, PLC. 

SHC. 

DUP. 

ACY. 

KPT, PRD. 

ARA. 

GIV. 

RH. 

EK. 

ACY. 

ALL, PCW. 

GIV. 

DOW, TNA. 

DOW. 

TNA. 

DOW, PRD, UCC. 

DOW. 

GIV, SHC. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

PRD. 

SEL. 

SEL. 

ore. 

KF, LIL, SEL. 

SDC. 

LIL. 

TRC. 

ACS. GAF. 
ACS. 

LIL. 

DUP. 

GIV. 

FMP, UCC. 

EK. 

LIL. 

SDW. 

DUP. 

DUP, GAF. 

DUP, MON. 

DUP, MON. 

DUP. 

ALL. 

GAF. 

DUP. 

ACS, ACY, DUP, GAF, ICI , MAY, TRC. 

ACS, ACY, GAF, TRC. 



34 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. 



-Cyclic intermediates: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



N-(5-Chloro-l-anthraquinonyl)-p-toluenesulfonainide 

o-Chlorobenzaldehyde 

p-Chlorobenzaldehyde 

4-Cp-Chlorobenzaiiiido)anthraquinone-l,2-acridone 

Chloro-7H-benz[de]anthracen-7-one (Chlorobenzanthrone)--- 
*Chlorobenzene, mono- 

p-Chlorobenzenesulfinic acid 

p-Chiorobenzenesulfonamide 

p-Qilorobenzenesulfonic acid 

o-Chlorobenzoic acid 

5-Chloro-2-benzoxazolinone 

*o- (p-Chlorobenzoyl)benzoic acid 

p-Chlorobenzoyl chloride 

4,4'- Co-Chlorobenzylidene)di-2,5-xylidine 

a-Cp-Chlorobenzyl)-a-phenyl-l-pyrrolidinepropanol hydro- 
chloride. 

Chloro(p-chlorophenyl)phenylraethane 

Chlorocyclohexane 

Chlorocyclopentane 

4-Chloro-2-cyclopentylphenol 

l-Chloro-2,5-diethoxy-4-nitrobenzene 

2- Chloro-N,N-diethyl-4-nitro aniline 

2-Chloro-3' ,4'-dihydroxyacetophenone 

2- Ch 1 oro- 1,4- dihy droxyanthraquinone 

4'-Chloro-2' ,5'-diraethoxyacetoacetanilide 

4-Chloro-2,5-dimethoxyaniline 

4-Chloro-N,N-dimethyl-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide 

[C4-Chloro-2,5-dimethylphenyl)thio]acetic acid 

l-Chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (Dinitrochlorobenzene) 

l-Chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene and 2-chloro-l,3-dinitro- 
benzene mixture. 

3-Chloro-4,6-dinitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

4-Chloro-3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid 

3-Chlorodiphenylamine 

Chlorodiphenylme thane 

2-Chloroethanol , p-toluenesulfonate 

N-(2-Chloroethyl)-4-C2-chloro-4-nitrophenylazo)-N-ethyl- 
aniline. 

4- [(;2-Chloroethyl)ethylamino]-o-tolualdehyde 

N-(2-Chloroethyl)-N-ethylaniline 

p- [(2-Chloroethyl)methylamino]benzaldehyde 

Chloroformic acid, benzyl ester 

Chloroformic acid, p-nitrobenzyl ester 

Chloroformic acid, phenyl ester 

l-Chloro-4-hy droxyanthraquinone 

5'-Chloro-3-hydroxy-2-naphth-o-anisidide 

3-Chloro-4-hydroxyquinoline-3,4-carbonic acid 

5-Chloroisatoic anhydride 

4-Chloro-N-isopropyl-3-nitrobenzenesulfonaniide 

4-Chlorometanilic acid 

5-Chlorometanilic acid t 

6-Qilorometanilic acid 

5-Chloro-2-methoxybenzenediazonium chloride 

N- [(5-Oiloro-2-methoxyphenyl)azo]sarcosine 

p- CChloromethyl)anisole 

*l-Chloro-2-methylanthraquinone 

6-Chloro-4-methyl-l,3,2-benzothiazathiolium chloride 

6-Chloro-4-methylbenzo[b]thiophene-2-ol 

4- CChloromethyl) -1 ,2-dimethylbenzene 

4-(Chloromethyl)-l,3-dimethylbenzene 

1-CChlorome thy 1) naphthalene 

4-Chloro-N-methyl-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide 

2-Chloro-S-(N-me thy Isulfamoyl) sulfanilamide 

S-Chloro-2- (N-methylsulfamyl) -4-sulfamyl-N-benzylaniline 

4- Chloro- 3- (me thy Isulfonyl) nitrobenzene 

Oiloronaphthalenes 

2-Chloro-4-nitroaniline (o-Chloro-p-nitroaniline5 

4-Chloro-2-nitroaniline (p-Chloro-o-nitroaniline) 

*l-Chloro-5-nitroanthraquinone 

l-Chloro-8-nitroanthraquinone 



TRC. 

DOW, DVC, HK, HKD, MON, MTO, NEV, OMC, PPG, SCC. 



PD. 



ACS, ACY, DUP, HN, ICI. 

HN. 

GAP. 

LIL. 

OPC. 

ACY. 

ARA. 

DOW. 

GAP. 

DUP. 

SOW. 

HSH. 

PCW. 

PCW. 

EKT. 

ACS 

AAP, ACS, DUP, SDC. 

DUP. 

TRC. 

GAP. 

SK. 

OPC. 

GAP. 

GAP. 

GAP. 

GAP. 

TRC. 

OTC. 

EK. 

EK. 

ICI. 

BUC, PCW. 

SDH. 

SW. 

TRC. 

DUP. 

ACS. 

AAP, DUP. 

GAP. 

ATL. 

SDW. 

ACS, ACY, DUP, TRC. 

DUP. 

ACY. 

BPC. 

BPC. 

BPC. 

TRC. 

ABB. 

ABB. 

TRC. 

KPS. 

DOW, DUP, SDC. 

DOW, DUP, SDC, VPC. 

ACY, DUP, MAY, TRC. 

DUP. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



35 



TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manu&cturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



*l-Chloro-2-nitrobenzene (CJiloro-o-nitrobenzene) 

l-Chloi'o-3-nitrobenzene (Chloro-m-nitrobenzene) 

l-Oiloro-4-nitrobenzene (Chloro-p-nitrobenzene) 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfinic acid 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonamide 

*4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonanilide 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid, sodiiim salt 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

*4-C3iloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

2-Chloro-S-nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

2-Chloro-4-nitrobenzoic acid 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzoic acid 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzoic acid 

0- (4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzoyl)benzoic acid 

4-Chloro-3-nitrophenyl methyl sulfone 

2-Chloro-4-nitrotoluene 

2-Chloro-5-nitrotoluene 

2-Chloro-6-nitrotoluene 

4-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene 

4-Chloro-3-nitrotoluene 

o-Chlorophenol 

p-Chlorophenol 

2-Chlorophenothiazine 

Cp-Chlorophenyl)acetonitrile 

l-(p-Chloro-a-phenylbenzyl)-4-m6thylpiperazine 

4-Chloro-a-phenyl-o-cresol 

4-Chloro-o-phenylenediainine 

2-Chloro-p-phenylenediamine 

3- (o-Chlorophenyl) -5-methyl-4-isoxazolecarbony 1 chloride- 
3-Co-Chlorophenyl)-5-methyl-4-isoxazolecarbonyl chloride 

carboxylic acid 

1- (m-Chlorophenyl) -3-methyl-2-pyrazolin-S-one 

l-(p-Chlorophenyll-3-methj'l-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

p-Chlorophenyl methyl sulfone 

2-Chloro-4-phenylphenol ; 

1- [4- (p-Chlorophenyl) -3-phenyl-2-butenyl]pyrrolidine 
hydrobromide. 

4-Chlorophthalic acid 

l-Chloro-2-phthalimidoanthraquinone 

C3-ChloropropenylJbenzene (Cinnamyl chloride) 

l-C3-Chloropropyl)-4-methylpiperazine 

N^-C6-Chloro-3-pyridazinyl) sulfanilamide 

2-Chloropyridine 

7-Chloro-4-quinolinol 

4-Chlororesorcinol 

5-Chlorosalicylic acid 

2-Chloro-5-sulfamoylbenzoic acid 

2-Qilorothiophene 

m-Chlorotoluene 

o-Chlorotoluene 

p-Chlorotoluene 

*a-Chlorotoluene (Benzyl chloride) ■ 

3-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=1] 

3-Chloro-p-toluidine [NH2=1] 

4-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=1] and hydrochloride 

5-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=1] C4-Chloro-o-toluidine 
[CH3=1]). 

5-Chloro-o-toluidine hydrochloride [NH2=1] 

N-[CS-Chloro-o-tolyl)azo]sarcosine 

*[(4-Chloro-o-tolyl)thio] acetic acid 

4-Chloro-a,a,a-trifluoro-3-nitrotoluene 

p-Chloro-a.d.a-trifluorotoluene 

6-Chloro-a,a,a-trifluoro-m-toluidine 

Chlorotriphenylme thane — 

a-Chloro-o-xylene 

a-Chloro-p-xylene 

2-Chloro-p- xylene 



DUP, HON. 

GAF. 

DUP, MON, UPM. 



DUP, EKT, ICC, SAL, TRC. 

TRC. 
GAF. 
TRC. 
DUP, EKT, SAL, SDC. 



ACS, ICI. 



MON. 
MON. 



SW. 

TRC. 

SDW. 

SK. 

ACY. 

FMT. 

SDW. 

AAP. GAF. 

PCW. 

TRC. 

FIS. 

HK. 

HN. 

HN. 

BPC, HN, MON, VEL. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

BUG, PCW. 

DUP. 

ATL, PCW. 

ATL. 

ACY, GAF, PCW. 

GAF, PCW. 

HK. 

PCW. 

EK. 

BPC. 

BPC. 

DUP. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2.- 



-CycUc intermediates: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



4-Chloro-2,5-xylenesulfonyl chloride 

4-Chloro-3,S-xylenol 

Cholesteryl nonanoate 

Oiolesteryl oleyl carbonate (Misomorphic) 

Cholestyramine resin 

Cholic acid 

Cinnamoyl chloride 

♦Cresols;^ 

m-Cresol 

*o-Cresol: 

From coal tar 

From petroleum 

p-Cresol 

Cresols, mixed: ^ 
*Cm,p)-Cresol: 

From coal tar 

From petroleum 

(o,m,p)-Cresol 

*Cresylic acid, refined:^ 

*From coal tar 

*From petroleum 

*Cumene 

p-Cumylphenol 

2- [p- (Cyanoacetami do) phenyl ]-6-me thy 1-7-benzo- 
thiazolesulfonic acid. 

4- [C2-Cyanoethyl)ethylamino]-o-tolualdehyde 

p- [C2-Cyanoethyl)methylamino]benzaldehyde 

*Cyclohexane 

1,4-Cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid, dimethyl ester 

1, 2-Cyclohexanedicarboxylic anhydride-- 

1, 3-Cyclohexanedione 

l,4-Cyclohexanedione-2,5-dicarboxylic acid, diethyl ester 

*Cyclohexanol 

*Cyclohexanone 

Cyclohexanone oxime 

Cyclohexene 

a-1-Cyclohexene-l-acetic acid, ethyl ester 

4-Cyclohexene-l-carboxaldehyde 

4-Cyclohexene-l,2-dicarboximide 

4-Cyclohexene-l,2-dicarboxylic anhydride 

Cyc 1 oh exy lamina 

5-Cyclohexyl-3-oxo-l-indancarboxylic acid 

Cyclohexyl-2-propanone 

N-Cyclohexyltaurine, sodium salt 

Cyclopentadienyliron 

Cyclopentamine base- 

Cyc lopentaneprop ionic acid 

Cyclopentanol 

Cyclopentene 

(2-Cyclopenten-l-yl)-2-propanone 

Cyclopropanecarboxylic acid 

p-Cymene 

Decachlorocyclopentadiene 

Deoxycholic acid 

Diacenaphtho[l,2- j : l,2'-l]fluoianthene (Decacyclene) 

1,5 (and l,8)-Diacetamidoanthraquinone 

3,5-Diacetamido-2,4,6-triiodobenzoic acid 

3' - [Di (2-acetoxyethyl) amino] -p-acetophenetidide 

3- (Dial ly lea rbamoyl)- 1,2,2- trime thy Icyclopentane- 

carboxylic acid. 
N^,N^-Diallylmelamine 

*l,4-Diaminoanthraquinone 

1,5-Diaminoanthraquinone 

1,5 (and 1, 8) -Diarainoanthraquinone 

*2,6-Diaminoanthraquinone 

3,3'-Diaminobenzanilide 

3,4-Diaminobenzanilide 

See footnotes at end of table. 



OTA. 








EK. 








EK. 








MRK. 








WIL. 








ARS, 


UOP, 


X. 




KPT, 


PRD. 






EK, 


KPT, 


PRD. 




KPT, 


MER, 


NPC, 


PRD 


HPC, 


SW. 






ACP, 


KPT, 


PRD. 




MER, 


NPC, 


PIT, 


PRD 


ACP, 


KPT. 







ACP, KPT, PRD. 

MER, NPC, PIT, PRD. 

ASH, CLK, CSP, DOW, GOC, HPC, HOC, MON, SHC, SKO, 

SNT, see, TX. 
PCW. 
DUP. 

DUP, GAF. 
DUP, GAF. 
ASH, ATR, CO, CSD, ENJ, GOC, GRS, PLC, PPR, SOG, 

SWC, TX, UOC. 
EK. 
ACS. 
PD. 
FMP. 

ACP, CNP, DEC, DUP, MON. 
ACP, CEL, CNP, DEC, DUP, MON. 
ACP, CNP. 
PLC. 
SDW. 
UCC. 
CHO. 
PTT. 

ABB, MON, VGC. 
BJL. 
GIV. 
GAF. 
ARA. 
LIL. 
ARA. 

ARA, LIL. 
ARA, PLC. 
LIL. 
HEX. 

ACS, HN, X. 
NES. 
WIL. 
SDC. 
AAP. 
SDW. 
TRC. 
WYT. 

ACY. 

ACS, CMC, DUP, GAF, TRC. 

GAF, TRC. 

AAP, ICI, TRC. 

AAP, DUP, GAF, ICI, TRC, VTC. 

AAP, TRC. 

AAP, DUP, TRC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



37 



TABLE 2o --Cyclic intermediates: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



2,4-Dianiinobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

2,5-Diaminobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

4,4'-Diaiiiino-2,2'-biphenyldisulfonic acid 

3,7-Dianiino-4,6-dibenzothiophenedisulfonic acid, 5,S-di- 

oxide, disodium salt. 
1, 5-Diamino- 2,6- dibromo- 4,8- di-p-toluidinoanthraqui none- 

l,4-Diamino-2,3-dichloroanthraquinone 

*l,4-Diamino-2,3-dihydroanthraquinone 

4, 8- Di and no- 9, 10-dihydro-l,5-dihydroxy-9,10-dioxo-2,6- 

anthracenedisulfonic acid. 
l,4-Diamino-9, lO-dihydro-9, 10-dioxo-2,3-anthracenedi- 
carboximide . 

l,5-Diainino-4,8-dihydroxyanthraquinone • 

4,S-Diainino-l,8-dihydroxyanthraquinone 

4,4'-Diainino-5,5'-dimethyl-2,2'-biphenyldisulfonic acid- 

l,4-Diamino-5-nitroanthraquinone 

2,4-Diamino-6-phenyl-s-triazine 

2,6-Diaininopyridine 

*4,4'-Diamino-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid ■ 

l,5-Diamino-2,4,6,8-tetrabromoanthraquinone 

3,5-Dianiino-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

4,6-Diamino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

3,5-Diainino-2,4,6-triiodobenzoic acid 

l,4:3,6-Dianhydroglucitol 

l,5-Dianilino-9,10-dihydro-9,10-dioxo-2,6-anthracenedi- 
carboxylic acid. 

2,5-Dianilinoterephthalic acid 

Diary Iguanidine 

p-Diazo-N,N-dimethylaniline-l-ainino-8-naphthol-3-sul- 

fonate-6-sulfonic acid, sodium salt. 
5(and 3)-Diazo-6-oxo-l,3Cand l,4)-cyclohexadiene-l -car- 
boxylic acid. 

l,S-Dibenzainidoanthraquinone 

6,ll-Dibenzamido-16H-dinaphtho[2,3-a,2' ,3'-i]carbazole- 
5,10,15,17-tetrone. 

*4,5'-Dibenzaniido-l,l'-iiiiinodianthraquinone 

2-Dibenzofuranol 

*l,5-Dibenzoylnaphthalene 

3' - (N,N-Dibenzyl) amino-p-acetanisidide 

Dibenzyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

N,N'-Dibenzylethylenedi amine 

N,N'-Dibenzylethylenediamine diacetate 

N,N'-Dibenzylidenetoluene-a,a-di amine 

N,N-Dibenzylsulfanilic acid 

2,4'-Dibromoacetophenone 

3,9-Dibromo-7H-benz[de]anthracen-7-one 

ar-Dibromobenzene 

2,6-Dibromo-l,S-naphthalenediol 

2,6-Dibromo-4-nitroaniline 

2,6-Dibromo-4-nitrophenol 

a,a-Dibromo-p-nitrotoluene 

5, 13-Dibromo-8, 16-pyranthrenedione 

2,5-Diethoxy-4-morpholinobenzene diazoniumsulfate salt- 

3,5-Dibromo-3'-trifluoromethyl salicylanilide 

l,l'-Di-n-Butyldicyclopentadienyliron 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-4-nonylphenol 

2,4-Di-tert-butylphenol 

Dibutyltin bis(cyclohexylmaleate) 

2,4-Dichloroaniline 

3, 4-Dichloro aniline 

2,5-Dichloroaniline and hydrochloride [NH2=1] 

.'-C2,4-Dichloroanilino3-l-(2,4,6-trichlorophenyl)-2- 
pyr^zolin-S-one. 

*l,5-Dichloroanthraquinone 

1,5 (and l,8)-Dichloroanthraquinone 

*l,8-Dichloroanthraquinone 

2,6-Dichlorobenzaldehyde 

Dichlorobenzan throne 

m-Dichlorobenzene 

*o-Dichlorobenzene 

*p-Dichlorobenzene 



ACS, DUP, TRC. 
TRC. 

ACS, ACY. 
ACY. 

ICI. 

CMC, DUP. 

ACY, ATL, DUP, GAP, HSH, ICC, ICI, MAY, TRC. 

TRC. 



DUP. 

DUP, 

ICI. 

AAP. 

GAP. 

RH, 

NEP, 

ACS, 

ICI. 

GAP. 

ACS. 

SDW. 

APD. 

ACS. 

SDC. 
DUP. 
IDC. 



VEL. 
RIL. 
ACY, DUP, GAP, GGY, SDH, TRC, VPC. 



GAP, TRC. 
ICI. 



ACS, 
GAP. 
ACY, 
SDC. 
USR. 
WYT. 
WYT. 
SDH. 
ICI. 
EK. 
DUP, 
DOW, 



ACY, DUP, GAP, ICI, MAY, TRC. 
DUP, GAP, HST, TRC, VPC. 



SDC. 




















SW. 




















DUP. 




















ACS, 


ICI. 


















ALL. 




















PCW. 




















ARA. 




















GAP. 




















DOW. 




















X. 




















EK. 




















BUG, 


DUP, 


MON. 
















DUP. 




















EK. 




















ACS, 


DUP, 


GAP, 


ICI, 


TRC. 












ACS, 


DUP. 


















DUP, 


GAP, 


ICI. 
















DUP. 




















ACT. 




















EK, 


OMC. 


















ACd, 


DOW, 


DUP, 


DVC. 


HKD, 


M3N, 


NEV, 


PPG, 


sec. 


SVT 


ACS, 


DOW, 


DVC, 


MON, 


PPG, 


SVT. 











38 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 35 



o(and p5-Dichlorobenzene 

4,6-Dichloro-m-benzenedisulfonainide 

4,6-Dichloro-m-benzenedisulfonyl chloride 

2,5-Dichlorobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

*3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine base and salts 

2,2'-Dichlorobenzil 

2,4-Dichlorobenzoic acid 

4,7-Dichlorobenzo[b]thiophen-3C2H)-one 

2,4-Dichlorobenzoyl chloride 

2,S-Dichlorobenzoyl chloride 

Dichlorobenzyl chloride 

2,4-Dichloro-iii-cresol 

7,16-Dichloro-6, 15-dihydro-5,9, 14, 18-anthrazinetetrone--- 

4,8-Dichloro-l,5-dihydroxyanthraquinone 

4 , 5- Di ch loro- 3 , 6- dioxo- 1 , 4- eye lohexadi ene- 1 , 2- di carbo- 

nitrile. 

Dichlorodiphenylsilane 

2' , 7'-Dichlorofluorescein 

5, 14-Dichloroisoviolanthrone 

*2,5-Dichloro-4-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzene- 

sulfonic acid. 

Dichlorome thy Iphenylsi lane 

2,6-Dichloro-4-nitroaniline 

l,2-Dichloro-4-nitrobenzene 

l,4-Dichloro-2-nitrobenzene (Nitro-p-dichlorobenzene) 

2,5-Dichloro-3-nitrobenzoic acid 

2,5-Dichloro-3-nitrobenzoic acid, aininoniuin salt 

2,5-Dichloro-3-nitrobenzoic acid, iiiiinodi-2,2'-ethanol 

salt. 

2,4-Dichlorophenol 

*3-C2' ,6'-Dichlorophenyl5-S-inethyl-4-isoxazolecarbonyl 

chloride. 

[C 2, 5-Dichlorophenyl)thio] acetic acid 

2,6-Dichloropyrazine 

3,6-Dichloropyridazine 

4,7-Dichloroquinoline 

2,5-Dichlorosulfanilic acid [SOjH^l] 

2,S-Dichloro-4-sulfobenzenediazonium sulfate 

p,a-Dichlorotoluene 

Dichloroxylene 

Dicyc 1 oh exyl amine 

1,3-Dicyclohexy 1-2- thiourea 

*Dicyclopentadiene (includes cyclopentadiene) 

Dicyclopentadiene dioxide- 

Didodecylbenzene 

p-Diethoxybenzene 

2,5-Diethoxy-4-morpholinobenzenediazonium chloride, zinc 

chloride. 

*p- (Diethyl amino) benzaldehyde ^-• 

3'- [2-(Diethylamino)ethyl]-4'-hydroxyacetanilide 

a-I (2-Diethylamino) ethyl]-oi-phenylcyclohexaneniethanol , 

hydrochloride. 

7- Diethyl amino- 4-methylcoumarin 

m- (Diethyl amino) phenol (N,N-Diethyl-3-aminophenol) 

3- [(4-N,N-Diethylamino)phenylazo]-lH-l,2,4-triazole 

3- (Diethyl amino) propiophenone 

4- (Diethyl ami no) -o-tolualdehyde 

*N,N-Di ethyl aniline 

N,N-Diethyl-m-anisidine 

Diethylbenzene 

N,N-Diethylcyclohexylamine 

N,N-Diethylmetanilic acid 

a,a'-Diethyl-4,4'-dimethoxystilbene 

N ,N'-Diethyl-4-methoxymetanilaraide 

N,N-Diethyl-p-nitrosoaniline 

N,N-Diethyl-4-nitroso-m-anisidine hydrochloride 

N,N-Diethyl-4-nitroso-m-phenetidine 

N,N-Diethyl-m-phenetidine 

N,N-Diethylsulfanilamide 

N,N-Diethyl-m-toluidine 



NEV, 


sec. 






ABB. 








ABB. 








ACS. 








ACS, 


CWN, 


UK. 




MTO. 








HN. 








ACS. 








HN. 








GAF. 








BPC. 








EKT. 








ICI. 








DUP. 








ARA. 








DCC. 








EK. 








ICI. 








ACY, 


CMG, 


SDH, 


TRC, VPC 


DCC. 








CWN, 


DUP, 


EKT, 


SW. 


DUP, 


MON, 


SDC. 




AAP, 


DUP, 


SDC, 


VPC. 


GAF. 








GAF. 








GAF. 








DOW, 


MON. 






ARS, 


BKL, 


OTC. 




ACS. 








ACY. 








ACY. 








PD, 


SDW. 






CMG, 


DUP, 


VPC. 




TRC. 








HN. 








BPC. 








ABB, 


MON. 






ABB. 








ENJ, 


GOC, 


MON, 


UCC, VEL 


VEL. 








CO. 








GAF. 








ALL. 









ACS, DUP, GAF, TRC. 

PD. 

ACY. 

GAF. 

ACY. 

TRC. 

ACY. 

DUP. 

ACS, ACY, DSC, DUP, SDH. 

DUP. 

DOW, KPP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

LIL. 

PCW. 

GAF. 

DUP. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

AAP. 

DUP. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIA.TES 



39 



TABLE 2. 



-Cyclic intermediates: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufecturer, 1969--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



9, 10-Dihydroanthracene 

6,15-Dihydro-5,9,14,18-anthrazinetetrone 

10, ll-Dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cyclohepten-5-one 

2,3-Dihydro-l,H-dihydroxyanthraquinone 

*9,10-Dihydro-l,4-dihydroxy-9,10-dioxo-2-anthracenesul- 

fonic acid (2-Quinizarinsulfonic acid) . 
N-C5, 13-Dihydro-5, 13-dioxoaceanthryleno[2,l-a]aceanthry- 

len-7-yl)-9, lO-dihydro-l-nitro-9, lO-dioxo-2-anthramide. 

9, 10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-l,5-anthracenedisulfonic acid 

*9,10-Dihydro-9, 10-dioxo-l,5-anthracenedisulfonic acid, 

disodium salt. 
9 , lO-Dihydro-9 , 10-dioxo- 1 , 5 (and 1 , 8) -anthracenedisulfonic 

acid and salt. 
*9,10-Dihydro-9, 10-dioxo- 1,8- anthracenedisulfonic acid, 

potassium salt. 
*9 , lO-Dihydro-9 , 10-dioxo- 2 , 6- anthracenedisul foni c aci d 

and salt. 
•9, lO-Dihydro-9, 10-dioxo-l-anthracenesulfonic acid and 

salt (Gold salt) . 
9, lO-Dihydro-9, 10-dioxo- 2-anthracenesulfonic acid and 

salt (Silver salt) . 

9,10-Dihydro-9, 10-dioxo- 2-anthroic acid 

3,4-Dihydro-3,4-dioxo-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium 

salt. 

[Dihydrogen 3,3' '-phthalocyaninedisulfonato(2-) Jcopper 

10,H-Dihydro-5- [3-(methylaminopropyl) ]-5H-dibenzo[a,d]- 

cyclohepten-5-ol . 
9, 10-Dihydro-5-nitro-9, 10-dioxo- l-anthracenesulfonic acid- 
9, 10-Dihydro-S(and 8) -nitro-9, 10-dioxo- 1-anthracfenesul- 

fonic acid. 
9, 10-Dihydro-8-nitro-9, 10-dioxo-l-anthracenesulfonic acid- 
9, 10-Dihydro-8-nitro-9, 10-dioxo-l-anthracenesulfonic acid 

sodium salt. 

9, lO-Dihydro-l-nitro-9, lO-dioxo-2-anthroic acid 

4-(2,3-Dihydro-3-oxobenzo[b]thiophen-2-yl-methylidyne)-m- 

benzenedisulfonic acid.' 
*l,4-Dihydroxyanthraquinone (Quinizarin) 

*l,S-Dihydroxyanthraquinone (Anthrarufin) 

1,5 (and l,8)-Dihydroxyanthraquinone 

1,8-Dihydroxyanthraquinone (Chrysazin) 

2,6-Dihydroxyanthraquinone (Anthraflavic acid) 

4,S-Dihydroxy-m-benzenedisulfonic acid, disodium salt 

2,5-Dihydroxybenzenesulfonic acid, potassium salt 

2,4-Dihydroxybenzophenone 

l,5-Dihydroxy-4,8-dinitroanthraquinone 

* 1 , 8- Dihydroxy- 4 , 5-dinitroanthraquinone (4 , S- Dini tro- 

chrysazin) . 
l,5-Dihydroxy-4,8-dinitro-2,6-anthraquinonedisulfonic 

acid. 
4,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Chromo- 

tropic acid) . 

6,7-Dihydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfortic acid 

116,21-Dihydroxypregna-4,17(20)-cis-dien-3-one 

4,5- Dihydroxy- 3- (p-sulfophenylazo)-2,7-naphthalene- 

disulfonic acid, trisodium salt. 

*16,17-Dihydroxyviolanthrone (Dihydroxydibenzanthrone) 

m-Diiodobenzene 

3,S-Diiodo-4-oxo-l(4H)-pyridineacetic acid 

Diisopropylbenzene 

N,N'-Diisopropyl-p-phenylenedi amine 

2,5-Dimethoxyaniline 

1,5 (and l,8)-Dimethoxyanthraquinone 

2,5-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde 

m-Dimethoxybenzene 

p-Dimethoxybenzene 

3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine (o-Dianisidine) 

3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine hydrochloride 

2,4-Dimethoxybenzoic acid 

N,N'-[(3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,4'-biphenylylene)bis(azo)]bis- 

(N-methyltaurine) . 



NES. 
TRC. 
LIL. 
DUP. 
AAP, ACS, HSH, PAT. 

ICl. 



ACY, 
GAP, 


TRC. 
ICI, 


TRC. 












TRC. 
















GAP, 


ICI, 


TRC. 












AAP, 


DUP, 


GAP, 


ICI, 


TRC, 


VPC. 






AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP. 


GAP, 


ICI, 


MAY, 


TRC 


DUP. 
















ACS. 
EK. 
















ICI. 
LIL. 
















DUP, 
ICI. 


MAY, 


TRC. 












TRC. 
DUP. 
















DUP. 
GAP. 

















AAP,' ACY, CMG, DUP, EKT, GAP, HSH, ICC, ICI, 

MAY, TRC. 
ACS, ACY, DUP, GAP, TRC. 
CMG, TRC. 
GAP, TRC. 
GAP, TRC. 
SOW. 
NES. 

DUP, DVC, GAP. 
TRC, VPC. 
DUP, EKT, GAP, ICI. 

DUP. 

ACS. 

GAP, IDC. 
UP J. 
EK. 

ACY, DUP, GAP, ICI, MAY. 

EK. 

SOW. 

DOW. 

DUP, USR. 

ALL, EKT. 

TRC. 

CWN. - 

ACY, ARS. 

ARS. 

ALL, CWN, SDH. 

ALL, CWN. 

ACT. 

GAP. 



40 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. — Cyclic intermediates: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



2,5-Dimethoxy-6-niethyl-6-nitrostyrene 

2,5-Dimethoxy-a-methylphenethylaraine hydrobromide 

N-C3,4-Dimethoxy-a-niethylphenethyl)-2-(4-ethoxy-3-methoxy- 
phenyl)acetamide . 

l,4-Dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzene 

2,5-Dimethoxy-4'-nitrostilbene 

3,4-Dimethoxyphenethylamine (Homoveratrylamine) 

4-(2' ,5'-Dimethoxyphenethyl)aniline hydrochloride 

N-(3,4-Dimethoxyphenethyl)-2- (3,4-dimethoxyphenyi;)- 
acetamde. 

( 3, 4-Dimethoxyphenyl) acetic acid 

C3,4-Dimethoxyphenyl}acetonitrile 

4,4-Di-Cp-methoxyphenyl)-3-hexanone 

2,5-Dimethoxytetrahydrofuran 

16, 17-Dimethoxyviolanthrone 

p- (Dime thy lamino^benzaldehyde 

3' -Dime thy laminobenzanilide 

m- (Dimethyl amino) benzoic acid 

a- (Dime thy 1 amino) -p-cresol 

6- Dimethyl ami no- 2- [2- (2, S- dimethyl- l-phenyl-3-pyrry 1)- 

vinyl]-l-raethyl-l-quinolinium methyl sulfate. 
2- [ [2- (Dimethylamino)ethyl]-2-thenylamino]pyridine 
(nonmedicinal grade) . 

2- [[2-(Dimethylamino)ethyl]-3-thenylamino]pyridine 

m- (Dimethyl amino) phenol 

3- (4-Dimethy laminophenylazo) -y-dimethylamino-S-phenyl- 
phenazinium chloride. 

*N,N-Di methyl aniline 

7, 12- Dime thy lb enz [a] anthracene 

3,3'-Dimethylbenzidine (o-Tolidine) 

3,3'-Dimethylbenzidine hydrochloride 

*N,N- Dime thy Ibenzylamine 

a,a-Dimethylbenzyl hydroperoxide ■ 

4- (a,a-Dimethylbenzyl) -2-phenylazophenol 

*2,2'-Dimethyl-l,l'-bianthraquinone 

S,5-Dimethyl-l,3-cyclohexanedione 

N,N- Dime thy Icyclohexylamine 

5,5-Diraethylhydantoin 

2,3-Dimethylindole 

N, N- Dime thy l-m-nitro aniline 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-nitrosoaniline 

6,6-Dimethyl-2-norpinene-2-ethanol 

N- ( 1,4- Dime thy Ipentyl) aniline 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine hydrochloride 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamlne sulfate 

2,5-Dimethyl-l-phenylpyrrole 

1,4- Dime thy Ipiperazine 

N,N-Dimethylsulfanilamide ■ 

Dimethyl-S-sulfoisophthalate 

N,N- Dime thy 1-p-tolui dine 

2,4-Dinitroacetanilide 

*2,4-Dinitro aniline 

p-( 2, 4-Dinitroani lino) phenol 

1,5 (and 1,8) -Dinitroanthraquinone 

N,N'-(2,4-Dinitro-l,5-anthraquinonylene)dioxamic acid 

3,3'-Dinitrobenzanilide 

*3' , 4-Dinitrobenzanilide 

m-Di nitrobenzene 

3,5-Dinitrobenzoic acid 

3,5-Dinitrobenzoyl chloride 

3,3'-Dinitro-4,4'-biacetanilide 

10,10'-Dinitro[3,3'-bi-7H-benz[de]anthracene]-7,7'-dione- 

Dinitrocaprylphenol 

2' ,6-Dinitro-p-cresol 

2,4-Dinitrocumene 

3' ,5'-Dinitro-2'-hydroxyacetanilide 

l-(3,5-Dinitro-2-hydroxyphenylazo)-2-naphthol 

*2,4-Dinitrophenol, tech 

( 2, 4- Dinitrophenyl) hydrazine 

3,5-Dinitrosalicylic acid 

*4,4'-Dinitrostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid 



LIL. 

EKT. 

LIL. 
UP J. 
LIL. 

LIL. 

LIL. 

LIL. 

HEX. 

ICI, MAY. 

BJL, TRC. 

DUP. 

SDH. 

TKL. 



SDW. 
ACY. 
ACS. 



ACS, ACY, DSC, DUP. 



ALL, 


CWN. 




CWN, 


DUP, 


EK. 


ARS, 


MLS, 


RH, SW. 


CLK. 






TRC. 






AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY, DUP, GAP, ICI, TRC 


AAP, 


EKT. 




ABB, 


DUP, 


EKT. 


GLY. 






DUP. 






DUP. 






ACS, 


ACY. 




RDA. 






USR. 






DUP, 


EKT. 




EK. 






EK. 






SEL. 






JCC. 






PCW. 






X. 






EK, 


RSA, 


SEL. 


SDC. 






AAP, 


ACY, 


SDC. 


GAP. 






AAP, 


ICI, 


TRC. 


TRC. 






TRC. 






AAP, 


DUP, 


TRC. 


ACS, 


DUP. 




FIS, 


SAL. 




EK. 






AAP. 






DUP, 


MAY. 




RH. 






DUP. 






DUP. 






TRC. 






TRC. 






AAP, 


ACS, 


SDC. 


EK. 






EK, 


SAL. 




ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP, GAP, GGY, SDH, TCD 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



TABLE 2. 



-Cyclic intermediates: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
Caccording to list in table 35 



2,4-Dinitrotoluene 

*2,4Cand 2,6)-Dinitrotoluene 

3,5-Dinitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

Dinonylphenol ' 

2,4-Di-tert-pentylphenol 

Di-tert-pentylphenoxyacetyl chloride 

1,5-Diphenoxyanthraquinone 

1,8-Diphenoxyanthraquinone 

Diphenylacetic acid 

Diphenylacetonitrile, tech 

*Diphenylainine 

2,8-Diphenylanthra[l,2-d:6,S-d' ]bisthiazole-6,12-dione' 

N.N'-Diphenylethylenediamine 

2,5-Diphenyloxazole 

l,3-Diphenyl-l,3-propanedione 

2,2'-Diphthalimido-l,l'-dianthraqmnone 

4,4'-Dithiodianiline 

2,2'-Dithiodibenzoic acid • 

*l,4-Di-p-toluidinoanthraquinone 

1,5-Di-p-toluidinoanthraquinone 

1,8-Di-p-toluidinoanthraquinone 

*Divinylbenzene 

Dodecylbenzene. (See Alkylbenzenes .) 

Dodecylbenzyl chloride 

*p-Dodecylphenol 

Eosin (2' ,4' ,5' ,7'-Tetrabroniofluorescein) 

l,2-Epoxy-3-C2-biphenylyl)propane 

o-Ethoxybenzoic acid 

4-Ethoxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde 

4-Ethoxy-3-methoxybenzyl alcohol 

l-(4-Ethoxy-3-methoxybenzyl)-6,7-diniethoxy-3-methyliso 
quinone . 

(4-Ethoxy-3-methoxyphenyl) acetic acid 

2-Ethoxy-l-naphthoyl chloride 

4-Ethoxy-3-nitroacetanilide 

4-Ethoxy-o-phenylenedi amine 

N'-[6-Ethoxy-3-pyridazinyl5 sulfanilamide 

3-(Ethylamino)-p-cresol 

3-(Ethylamino5-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

*N-Ethyl aniline, refined 

2-CN-Ethylanilino)ethanol 

3-(N-Ethylanilino)propionitrile 

a-CN-Ethylanilino)-m-toluenesulfonic acid 

a-(N-Ethylanilino5-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

N-Ethyl-p-anisidine 

2-Ethylanthraquinone 

*Ethylbenzene 

0- (p-Ethylbenzoyl^benzoic acid 

Ethylbenzyl chloride 

9-Ethylcarbazole 

N-Ethyl-1-cyclohexen-l-ylamine 

N-Ethylcyclohexylamine ■ 

3,3'-Ethylenedioxydiphenol 

Ethylene glycol dibenzenesulfonate 

2- [N-Ethy 1-p- [ (6-methoxy- 2-benzothiazoly 1) azo] ani lino] ■ 

ethanol. 

N-Ethy 1-N- C2-methylsulfonainidoethyl) -m-toluidine 

N-Ethy 1-1-naph thy lamine 

*N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamine 

9-Ethyl-3-nitrocarbazole 

a-Ethyl-3-nitrocinnamc acid 

N-[2-CN-Ethyl-4-nitroso-m-toluidino)ethyl]methane- 

sulfonaJnide. 

p-Ethylphenol 

Ethylphenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester 

5-Ethyl-2-picoline (2-Methyl-5-ethylpyridine) CMEP) 

1-Ethylpiperidine 

2-Ethylpyridine 

4-Ethylpyridine . 



ACS, 


DUP, RUC. 


DUP, 


MOB, UCC. 


GAF. 




GAF, 


JCC. 


PAS, 


PRD. 


EK. 




VPC. 




EKT. 




ARA. 




FIS. 




ACY, 


DOW, DUP, FST, ORO, RUC, USR. 


ICI. 




RPC. 




ARA, 


EK. 


ALD, 


EK. 


TRC. 




SDC. 




LIL, 


SW. 


ACS, 


ATL, GAF, ICI, TRC. 


ICI. 




ICI. 




DOW, 


FG, KPP. 


CO. 




GAF, 


MON, UCC, X. 


ICC. 




NES. 




ACY. 




LIL. 




LIL. 




LIL. 




LIL. 




WYT. 




AAP. 




TRC. 




ACY. 




DUP. 




DUP. 




ACS, 


ACY, DUP, SDH. 


DUP, 


EKT. 


EKT. 




GAF, 


SDH, WJ. 


ACS, 


TRC. 


EKT. 




ACS, 


DUP. 


CMC, 


CSD, CSP, DOW, ENJ, FG, KPP, MON, SHC 


SIN, SKC, SNT, SOG, STY, TOC, UCC. 


ACS, 


DUP. 


BPC. 




SDC. 




X. 




ABB. 




IDC. 




NES. 




TRC. 




WAY. 




DSC, 


DUP. 


ACS, 


DUP, SDH. 


SDC. 




SDW. 




WAY. 




ACY. 




BPC, 


MAL. 


UCC. 




RIL. 




RIL. 




RIL. 





42 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



6-Ethyl-l,2,3,4-tetrahydro-l,l,4,4-tetramethylnaphthalene- 

N-Ethyl-m-toluidine 

N-E thy 1-o-tolui dine 

3-CN-Ethyl-m-toluidino)-l,2-propanediol 

3-CN-Ethyl-iii-toluidino)propionitrile 

1-Ethynyl-l-cyclohexanol 

Flavanthrone 

Fluoren-9-one 

Fluorescein C3' ,6'-Dihydroxyfluoran) 

1-Fluoro- 2, 4- di nitrobenzene 

o-Fluorotoluene 

4-Formyl-in-benzenedisulfonic acid 

o-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid (o-Sulfobenzaldehyde) 

Furan 

Furfuryl alcohol 

Furfurylamine 

2-Furoic acid, methyl ester , 

2-Furoyl chloride 

N-Glycolylarsanilic acid, sodium salt 

Hexabromobenzene 

Hexachlorocyclopentadiene 

l,4,5,6,7,7-Hexachloro-5-nitrobomene-2,3-dicarboxylic 

anhydride. 
l,4,5,6,7,7-Hexachloro-5-norbomene-2,3-dicarboxylic acid- 

Hexadecachlorophthalocyanine, copper complex 

Hexafluorobenzene 

l,2,3,4,5,6-Hexahydro-8-hydroxy-cis-6,H-dimethyl-2,6- 

methano-2-benzazocine. 

Hexahydro-l-methyl-4-phenyl-lH-azepine-4-carbonitrile 

Hippuric acid 

p-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid 

3-Hydrazino-5-nitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [SOjH^l] 

Hydrazobenzene 

Hydroquinone , di(B-hydroxyethyl) ether 

*Hydroquinone, tech 

6-Hydroxy-p-acetophenetidide 

3'-Hydroxyacetophenone 

3' -Hydroxyacetophenone benzoate 

6'-Hydroxy-m-acetototuidide 

p-Hydroxybenzaldehyde 

*p-Hydroxybenzenesulfonic acid 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, methyl ester 

6'-Hydroxy-m-benzotoluidide 

3' -Hydroxy- 2- (N-benzyl-N-raethylamino) acetophenone 

4-Hydroxycoumarin 

3- [N- C2-Hydroxyethyl5 anilino]propionitrile 

3- [N-C2-Hydroxy ethyl] anilino]propionitrile, acetate 

3- [N- (2-Hydroxyethyl) anilino]propionitrile, benzoate 
ester. 

N-6-Hydroxyethyl-2,4-dihydroxybenzamide 

N-Hydroxyethyl-N-ethylcyano aniline 

3-Hydroxy-N-C2-hydroxyethyl]-2-naphthamide 

N- [7-Hydroxy-8- [2-hydroxy-5-Craethylsulfamoylphenyl)azo]- 

1-naph thy l]acet amide. 
6'-Hydroxy-S'- [(2-hydroxy-5-nitrophenyl)a2o]-m-aceto- 

toluidide. 
N- [ 7-Hydroxy- 8- [ ( 2-hydroxy- 5-ni tropheny 1) azo] - 1 -naph thy 1 ] 

acetamide. 
7-Hydroxy- 8- [[4'- [Cp-hydroxyphenyl)azo)-4-biphenylyl]azo] 

1, 3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
7-Hydroxy- 8- [[4'- [(p-hydroxyphenyl)azo]-3,3'-dimethyl-4- 

biphenylyl] azo] -1, 3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

4-Hydroxy-4'-isopropylmetanilamide 

4-Hydroxymetanilanilide 

*4-Hydroxymetanilamide 

*4-Hydroxymetanilic acid 

*3-Hydroxy-2-methylcinchoninic acid 

4-Hydroxy-N'-methylmetanilamide 

N- (Hydro xyme thy l)phthaliraide 

3-Hydroxy-N- (3-N-morpholinopropyl) -2-naphthamide 

*3-Hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 



GIV. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

EKT. 

DUP, EKT, ICC. 

cue, EKT. 

TRC. 

EK. 

ICC. 

EK. 

EK. 

GAF, SDH. 

GAF, SDH. 

DUP, QKO. 

QKO. 

MLS. 

EK. 

EK. 

SDW. 

MCH. 

HK, VEL. 

VEL. 

HK. 

ICC, TRC. 

WHC. 

SDW. 

WYT. 
BPC, X. 
GAF, WJ. 
STG. 

X. 

CTN. 

CRS, DA, DUP, EKT. 

GAF. 

SDH. 

SDH. 

TRC. 

DOW. 

DOW, MDN, PRD, UPF. 

HN. 

SEL. 

TRC. 

SDW. 

ABB. 

DUP, ICC. 

EKT. 

DUP. 

IDC. 
ICC. 
IDC. 
TRC. 

TRC. 



TRC. 

TRC. 
TRC. 
ACS, 
ACS, 
DUP, 
TRC. 
ACY. 
IDC. 
TCD. 



CMG, DUP, TRC, VPC. 
CWN, TRC. 
GAF, ICC, TRC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



43 



--Cyclic intermediates: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



*3-Hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, disodium salt 

7-Hydroxy-l,3-naphthalenedisul£onic acid 

7-Hydroxy-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, dipotassium 
salt. 

7-Hydroxy-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, disodium salt 

4-HydTOxy-2-naphthalenesulfon amide 

4-Hydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

5-Hydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

*6-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

*6-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

7-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Cassella's acidj 

8-Hydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

8-Hydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid, y-sultone 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthanilide (Naphthol AS) 

l-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid (B.O.N.) 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid, methyl ester 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphtho-o-toluidide 

N-(2-Hydroxy-l-naphthyl)acetamide 

N-(7-Hydroxy-l-naphthyl) acetamide 

1- (2-Hydroxy-l-naphthylazo) -5-nitro-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic 
acid. 

N-(7-Hydroxy-l-naphthyl}benzamide 

3'- [(7-Hydroxy-l-naphthyl) carbamoyl]acetanilide 

4-Hydroxy-7- Cp-nitrobenzamido) -2-naphthalenesulfonic acid- 

2-Hydroxy-5-nitrometanilic acid 

l-C2-Hydroxy-4-nitrophenylazo)-2-naphthol 

2-Hydroxy-4-n-octoxyi3enzophenone 

2-fm-Hydroxyphenoxy)ethanol 

3- [4- (4'-Hydroxyphenylazo) -2,S-dimethoxyphenylazo]benzene- 
sulfamic acid. 

3-Hydroxy-4- (phenylazo) -2-naphthoic acid 

lla-Hydroxyprogesterone 

2-Hydroxy-4-sulfo-l-naplithalenediazoniuni hydroxide, 
inner salt. 

l-Hydroxy-4-p-toluidinoanthraquinone 

2-Imidazolidinone modifications 

*l,l'-lminobis [4-aminoanthraquinone] 

1, 1'-lminobis [4-benzamidoanthraquinone] 

*l,l'-lminobis [S-benzamidoanthraquinone] 

*7,7'-lminobis [4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid] 

*l,l'-Iminobis [4-nitroanthraquinone] 

*l,l'-Iminodianthraquinone (l,l'-Dianthrimide) 

Indole- 2, 3-di one 

5-Iodoanthranilic acid 

Isobutylbenzene 

*Isocyanic acid derivatives : 

Bitolylene diisocyanate CTODI) 

Dianisidine diisocyanate CDADI) 

Dicyclohexylmethane-4, 4 '-diisocyanate 

Diphenylmethane-4, 4 '-diisocyanate' (MDI) 

Phenylisocyanate ' 

Polyisocyanates (complex) 

*Polymethylene polypheny lisocyanate 

Toluene 2,4-diisocyanate 

Toluene 2,4- and 2,6-diisocyanate (65/35 mixture) 

*Toluene 2,4- and 2,6-diisocyanate (80/20 mixture) 

Other 

Isonicotinic acid, methyl ester 

Isonicotinonitrile 

Isooctylphenol 

Isophthalic acid (Benzene- 1,3-dicarboxy lie acid) 

Isophthalic acid, diallyl ester : 

Isophthalic acid, dimethyl ester 

Isophthalic acid, diphenyl ester 

Isophthaloyl chloride 

N-Isopropylaniline 

Isopropylcresol 

4-Isopropyl-2,6-dinitrophenol 

4,4'-Isopropylidenebis [2,6-dibromophenol] (Tetrabromobis- 

phenol A) . 
4,4'-Isopropylidenebis [2,6-dichlorophenol] (Tetrachloro- 



ACY, GAF, TRC, WJ. 
TRC. 



ACY. 
DUP. 



SNA, TMS. 
TRC, WJ. 



VPC. 
PCW. 



PCW. 
GAF, TRC. 



DUP, GAF, ICI, TRC. 

ICI, TRC. 

CMG, TRC. 

DUP, ICI, TRC. 

DUP, GAF, ICI, TRC. 



PLC, TNA. 

UP J. 

DUP, MOB, UPJ. 



MOB, UPJ. 

MOB, UCC. 

MDB. 

DUP, MOB, OMC, RUC, UCC, WYN. 

EK, MOB, UCC, UPJ. 



44 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. — Cyclic intermediates: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



5,5'-Isopropylidenebis (2-hydroxy-m-xylene-a,a'-diol) 

*4,4'-Isopropylidenediphenol CBisphenol A) 

4,4'-Isopropylidenediphenol, ethoxylated 

4,4'-Isopropylidenediphenol, propoxylated 

o-Isopropylphenol ^.- 

p-Isopropylphenol 

I sopropy Iph enols , mixed . 

4-Isopropyl-m-phenylenediamine 

*Isoviolanthrone (Isodibenzanthrone) 

*Leuco quinizarin (1,4,9, 10-Anthratetrol) 

2 ,4-Lutidine 

2,6-Lutidine 

3,4-Lutidine 

Malonanilide 

Mandelonitrile 

Melamine 

*dl-p-Mentha-l ,8-diene (Limonene) 

p-Mentha-l,4C8)-diene 

p-Menth-1-ene 

o-Mercaptobenzoic acid (Thiosalicylic acid) 

Mesitylene Cl,3,5-Trimethylbenzene) 

Met anil amide ^ 

*Metanilic acid Cm-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid) 

6-(2'-Methoxybenzenesulfonamido)-2-benzoxazolinone 

4-Methoxymetanilic acid 

N-(2-Methoxy-l-naphthyl)acetamide 

6-Methoxy-8-nitroquinoline) 

(m-Methoxyphenyl)acetic acid 

Cp-Methoxyphenyl) acetic acid 

5- [N-(2'-Methoxy)phenyl]-2-aminophenol 

4-Methoxy-m-phenylenedi amine sulfate 

4' -Methoxypropiophenone 

6-Methoxyquinoline '■ 

1- (Methyl amino) anthraquinone 

1- (Methylamino) -4-p-toluidinoanthraquinone 

N-Methylaniline 

3-(N-Methylanilino)propionitrile 

5-Methyl-o-anisidine [NH2=1] 

m-Methylanisole 

N-Methylanthranilic acid 

2-Me thy 1 anthraquinone 

3-Methylbenzo[f]quinoline 

2-Methylbenzothiazole 

N-Me thy lb enzyl amine 

Methylbenzyl ether 

5- (1-Methylbutyl) barbituric acid 

3-Methylcholanthrene 

Methylcyclohexane 

4-Methylcyclohexanone 

Methylcyclopentadiene 

N-Me thy Idicyclohexyl amine 

4-Methyl-a,a-diphenyl-l-piperazine ethanol, dihydro- 
chloride. 

N-Me thy leneani line 

4,4'-Methylenebis [2-chloroaniline] 

4,4'-Methylenebis [N,N-diethylaniline] 

*4,4'-Methylenebis [N,N-dimethylaniline] (Methane base) 

2,2'-Methylenebis (6-nonyl-p-cresol) 

4,4'-Methylenedianiline 

S,5'-Methylenedisalicylic acid 

Methylhydroquinone 

2-Me thy lindole-3-carboxaldehyde 

6-Methyl-2-(2-methyl-6-quinolyl)-7-benzothia2ole sulfonic 
acid. 

S-Methyl-4-nitro-o-anisidine 

4-Methyl-2-nitroanisole 

2-Me thy 1-1-nitroanthraquinone 

2-Methyl-5-nitroimidazole 

N-Methyl-N-nitroso-p-toluenesulfonamide 

2-Methyl-5-norbomene-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride 

Methylnorbomene-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride, isomers 



DOW, 


GE, 


WN, 


SHC, 


UCC. 




APD. 












APD. 












PRD. 












FMP. 












DUP. 












ACY, 


DUP, 


GAP, 


ICI, 


TRC. 




AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY, 


EKT, 


HSH, ICC, TRC 


ACP, 


KPT, 


RIL. 








RIL. 












RIL, 


UCC. 










PCW. 












KF. 












ACY, 


PIS. 










ARZ, 


GIV, 


HN, 


NCI. 






GIV. 












GIV. 












AMB, 


EVN, 


LIL 


WAY. 






SNT. 












CMC, 


VPC. 










ACY, 


DUP, 


TRC 








SDC. 












ACY, 


VPC. 










TRC. 












SDW. 












SDW. 












CTN, 


UOP. 










SDC. 












WAY. 












LIL. 












DUP. 












AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY 


DUP 


ICI. 




GAP, 


ICI. 










ACY, 


DUP. 










DUP. 












SDC. 












GIV. 












GIV. 












ACS, 


ACY. 










ACY. 












FMT. 












MLS, 


SDW. 










UCC. 












LIL. 












EK. 












PLC. 












EK. 












ENJ, 


VEL. 










ABB. 












ABB. 












DUP. 












DUP. 












ACY, 


GAP 


SDH 


TRC 






ACY, 


DSC, 


DUP 


GAP 


SDH. 




ACY. 












ACS, 


DOW, 


DUP 


MOB 






HN. 












EKT. 












GAP. 












DUP. 












PCW. 












SDC. 












DUP, 


ICI 










RDA. 












ALD, 


EK. 










VEL. 












ACS. 













CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



45 



TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
[according to list in table 3) 



3 '-Methyl- 5- [C7-oxo-7H-benz[de]anthracen-3-yl] ami no] -1,2'- 
iminodianthraquinone . 

m-C3-Me thy 1- 5-0X0- 2-pyrazolin-l-yl) benzenes ulfonamde 

p- (3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonamide 

*in- C3-Methy 1-5-0x0- 2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic acid 

*p- C3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl5benzenesulfonic acid 

6- C3-Methy 1-5-0X0- 2-pyrazolin-l-y l)-l,3-naph thalenedi- 

sulfonic acid. 
4- [3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)-m-toluenesulfonic 
acid [SOsH^l]. 

l-Methyl-4-phenylisonipecotic acid 

5-Methyl-3-phenyl-4-isoxazolecarboxylic acid 

5-Methyl-3-phenyl-4-isoxazolecarboxylic acid hydro- 
chloride. 

*3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one (Developer Z) 

Methyl phenyl sulfide CThioanisole) 

4-Methyl-l-piperazineacetic acid, methyl ester 

N-Methyl-N-C2-propynl)benzylamine 

3-Methyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

l-Methylpyrrole 

*a-Methylstyrene 

ar-Methylstyrene (VinyltolueneJ 

2-(Methylsulfonyl)-4-nitroaniline 

4-(Methylthio)-m-cresol 

3-Methylthiophene 

p- (Me thy Ithio) phenol 

3-Methyl-l-(thiosulfophenyl)-2-pryazolin-5-one, sodium 

salt. 
3-Methyl-6-p-toluidino-7H-dibenz[f,ij]isoquinoline- 
2,7(3H5-dione. 

3-Methyl-l-(m-tolyl)-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

1-Naphthaldehyde 

*Naphthalene, solidifying at 79° C. or above (refined flake) 
(from domestic crude). 

1,3-Naphthalenediol (1,3-Dihydroxynaphthalene) 

1,5-Naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

*2, 7-Naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

1-Naphthalenesulfonic acid 

1-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid 

2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

1-Naphthalenesulfonyl chloride 

2-Naphthalenesulfonyl chloride- ■> 

1,4,5,8-Naphthalenetetracarboxylic acid 

1,3,6-Naphthalenetrisulfonic acid 

Naphthalimide 

1-Naphthol (a-Naphthol) 

2-Naphthol, tech. (6-Naphthol) ' 

p-Naphtholbenzein 

1,2-Naphthoquinone 

Naphthostyril 

*Naphth[l,2-d] [l,2,3]oxadiazole-5-sulfonic acid 

1-Naphthylamine (a-Naphthylamine) : 

1-Naph thy 1 amine hydrochloride 

p- (2-Naphthy lamino)phenol (N- (p-Hydroxypheny 1) -2-naphthyl- 
amine) . 

2- (Naphthylthio) acetic acid -- 

Nicotinonitrile (3-Cyanopyridine) 

3'-Nitroacetanilide 

4'-Nitroacetanilide 

4'-Nitro-o-acetanisidide 

2'-NitT0-p-acetanisidide 

3'-Nitro-p-acetanisidide 

3'-Nitroacetophenone 

m-Nitroaniline 

o-Nitroaniline 

p-Nitroaniline 

2-(o-Nitroanilino)ethanol 

3-Nitro-p- anisic acid 

2-Nitro-p-anisidine [NH2=1] 

See footnotes at end of table. 



CMG, 


TRC. 








CMC. 










GAF, 


TRC, 


VPC. 






AAP, 


ACY, 


CMG, 


•3AF, 


TRC, VPC 


TRC. 










CMG, 


TRC. 








SDW. 










ARS. 










ARS. 










ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


SDH, 


VPC. 


PIT. 










ABB. 










ABB. 










DUP. 










DUP. 










AGP, 


CLK, 


DOW, 


HPC, 


SKO. 


DOW. 










TRC. 










CRZ. 










SDW. 










CRZ. 










SDC. 











DUP. 








BKL. 








ACS, 


KPT, 


RIL. 




EK. 








ACS, 


TRC. 






ACS, 


DUP, 


TRC. 




TRC. 








TRC. 








ACS, 


ACY. 






ACY. 








EK. 








DUP. 








TRC. 








GAF. 








ACS, 


SDC. 






ACS, 


UCC. 






ACY, 


DUP, 


SW. 




EK. 








EK. 








ACS. 








ACS, 


CMG, 


GAF, TRC, VPC 


ACS, 


DUP. 






GAF. 








SDC. 








ACY. 








NEP, 


RIL. 






AAP, 


TRC. 






GAF, 


SAL, 


TRC. 




DUP. 








DUP. 








EKT. 








CTN, 


SDH. 






ACY, 


X. 






AAP, 


MON. 






AAP, 


HON, 


UPM. 




PCW. 








DUP, 


SDH. 







46 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. — Cyclic intermediates: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
Caccording to list in table 3) 



4-Nitro-o-anisi-dine [NH2=1] 

5-Nitro-o-anisidine [NH2=1] 

o-Nitroanisole 

p-Nitroanlsole 

5-Nitroanthranilic acid 

1-Nitroanthraquinone •-- 

2-C4-Nitro-2-anthraquinonyl)anthra[2,3-d]-oxazole-S,10- 
dione. 

m-Nitrobenzaldehyde 

*Nitrobenzene 

*m-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

*m-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

p-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

5-Nitro-2-benzimidazolinone 

*m-Nitrobenzoic acid 

*m-Nitrobenzoic acid, sodium salt 

p-Nitrobenzoic acid ■■ 

2-Cm-Nitrobenzoyl5 -o-acetanisidide 

m-Nitrobenzoyl chloride 

p-Nitrobenzoyl chloride 

4- (p-Nitrobenzyl) pyridine 

4'-Nitro-4-biphenylcarboxylic acid 

4-Nitro-sec-butylbenzene 

2-Nitro-p-cresol 

Nitrodi phenyl amine >■ 

5-Nitro-2-furB.nmethanediol, diacetate 

5-Nitroisophthalic acid 

1-Nitronaphthalene 

3-Nitro-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

4-Nitronaphthalic anhydride 

*7(and 8)-NitTonaphth[l,2-d] [l,2,3]oxadiazole-S-sulfonic 
acid. 

4-Nitrooxanilic acid 

p-Nitrophenethyl alcohol 

o-Nitrophenol 

*p-Nitrophenol 

*p-Nitrophenol, sodium salt 

4'-(p-Nitrophenyl)acetophenone 

4- [(p-Nitrophenyl) azo]-o-anisidine 

2-Nitro-p-phenylenedi amine 

4-Nitro-o-phenylenedianiine 

(p-Nitrophenyl^hydrazine 

2,2'- [(m-Nitrophenyl)imino]diethanol 

2,2'- [Cm-Nitrophenyl)imino]diethanol, diacetate ester-- 
2,2'- [(m-Nitrophenyl)imino]diethanol, dibenzoate ester- 
2- (p-Nitrophenyl) -2H-naphtho[l, 2-d]triazole-6,8-disul- 

fonic acid. 
2-Cp-Nitrophenyl5-l-octadecyl-5-benzimidazolesulfonic 

acid. 
l-(m-Nitrophenyl)-S-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid- 

S-Nitrosalicyl aldehyde 

3Cand 5)-NitT0salicylic acid 

p-Nitrosophenol 

4-Nitro-4'-(5-sulfo-2H-naphtho[l,2-d]triazol-2-yl)-2,2' 
stilbenedisulfonic acid. 

m-Nitrotoluene 

o-Nitrotoluene 

p-Nitrotoluene 

Nitrotoluene mixtures 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonanilide 

p-Nitrotoluenesulfonic acid 

3-Nitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [503(1=1] 

*5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonyl chloride 

3-Nitro-p-tolmc acid, methyl ester 

2-Nitro-p-toluidine [NH2=1] 

*5-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH2=1] 

5-Nitro-2-p-toluidinobenzenesulfonic acid 

*16-Nitroviolanthrone 

4-Nitro-m- xylene 

Nonyl-dinonylphenol, mixture 

*Nonylphenol 



DUP, 


SDH. 






ALL, 


BUC, 


DUP. 




DUP, 


HON. 






DUP. 








TRC. 








ACY, 


MAY. 






GAF. 








SDH. 








ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP, FST, MOB, 


MON, RUC 


ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP. 




GAF, 


MON, 


SAL. 




EK. 




::^:-^ 




DUP. 




^^^^^"~^-- 


^^ 


SAL, 


SDH, 


WAY. 


-.^ 


SAL, 


WAY. 






DUP, 


SAL. 






GAF. 









DUP, 


TRC. 






SW. 








ACY, 


MON. 






NOR. 








FIS, 


GAF. 






DUP. 








GAF, 


TRC. 






ACS. 








ACS, 


GAF, 


TRC, 


VPC 


DUP. 








PCW. 








MON. 








DUP, 


MON, 


SDC, 


UPM 


UPM. 








DUP, 


GAF. 






AAP. 








FIS, 


WAY. 






DUP, 


FMT. 






EK, 


RSA. 






DUP. 








DUP. 








DUP. 








TRC. 









DUP, 

EK. 

GAF. 

ACY, 

TRC. 

DUP, 
DUP, 
DUP, 
DUP, 
GAF. 
GGY. 
AAP, 
ACS, 
GAF. 
SDH. 
ABB, 
BUC, 
TRC. 
ACY, 
DUP. 
GAF, 
GAF, 



DUP, SDC. 



FST. 

FST. 
FST. 
FST. 



CMG, TCD, TRC. 

ACY, DUP, GAF, SDH, TRC. 



DUP, SW. 

DUP, PCW, SDH. 



GAF, ICI, MAY. 

JCC, MON, RH, STP, WTC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



47 



TABLE 2. --Cyclic Intermediates: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



5-Norbomene-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride 

Octaphenylcyclotetrasiloxane 

Octylphenol 

Octylphenyl acid phosphate 

Oxalacetic acid, diethylester, (p-sulfophenyl3hydrazone--- 

Oxanilide 

* 1- [ ( 7-Oxo- 7H-benz [de ] anthr acen- 3-yl) amino] anthraquinone- - 
1 , 1 ' - [ C 7-0x0- 7H-benz [de ] anthracen- 3 ,9-y lene) di imino ] di- 

anthraquinone . 
5-Oxo-l-phenyl-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid, ethyl 

ester. 
5-Oxo-l-Cp-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid 
(Pyrazolone T) . 

4,4'-0xydianiline 

Penicillin, N-ethylpiperidine salt 

Pentamethylbenzene 

l,l,3,3,S-Pentaiiiethylindan 

o-Pentylphenol (o-Aniylphenol) 

p-tert-Pentylphenol 

3,4,9, lO-Perylenetetracarboxylic acid 

3,4,9, 10-Perylenetetracarboxylic-3,4;9,10-d: (3-amino- 
phenylimide) . 

3,4,9, 10-Perylene tetracarboxyllc-3, 4 :9,10-di anhydride 

3,4,9,10-Perylenetetracarboxylic-3,4;9,10-diiiiiide 

Phene thy 1 amine 

Phenethyl amine sulfate 

07Phenethylbenzoic acid 

o-Phenetidine : 

p-Phenetidine 

*Phenol : 
♦Natural: 

*From coal tar:^ 

39° C, m.p 

82%-84% 

All other 

*From petroleum 

Synthetic: 

By caustic fusion: U.S.P 

From chlorobenzene by liquid-phase hydrolysis: U.S.P- 
From chlorobenzene by vapor-phase hydrolysis: U.S.P-- 

*From cumene by oxidation: U.S.P 

Phenolsulfonaphthalein 

Phenolsulfonaphthalein, sodium salt 

Phenolsulfonic acid, lithium salt 

Phenothiazin-2-yl-l-propane (l-(Phenothiazin-2-yl)- 
propanone) . 

Phenoxyacetic acid, sodium salt 

Phenoxymethylpenicillin-1-oxide 

Phenoxymethylpenici,llin-l-oxide, (2,2,2-trichloroethyl) 
ester. 

2-Phenoxypropanol 

2-Phenoxypropionic acid 

2-Phenoxypropionyl chloride 

Phenylacetic acid (a-Toluic acid) 

Phenylacetic acid, ethyl ester, tech 

Phenylacetic acid, potassium salt 

Phenylacetic acid, sodium salt 

*Phenylacetonitrile (a-Tolunitrile) 

4' -Phenyl acetophenone 

2-Phenylanthra[2,3-d]oxazole-5,10-dione 

*p-Phenylazoaniline (C.I. Solvent Yellow 1) and hydro- 
chloride. 

4-(Phenylazo)diphenylamine 

4-(Phenylazo)-l-naphthylamine 

a-Phenyl-o-cresol , 

1-Phenylcyclopentanecarboxylic acid 

N,N'-p-Phenylenebis [acetamide] 

m-Pheny lene diamine 

o-Phenylenedi amine 

p-Phenylenedi amine 

See footnotes at end of table. 



VEL. 

ARA. 

RH. 

SM. 

TRC. 

EK. 

ACY, DUP, GAF, ICI, MAY, TRC. 

ACY, DUP, ICI, MAY, TRC. 

GAF. 

AAP, VPC. 



MRK. 

SNT. 

GIV. 

PAS. 

PAS, PRD. 

ACS. 

SDC. 

SDC. 

ACS, DUP, GAF, SDC. 

MLS, OPC. 

MLS. 

LIL. 

MON. 

MON. 



KPT, 


PRD. 






ACP, 


KPT. 






ACP, 


KPT. 






MAL, 


MER, 


NPC, PIT, 


PRD. 


MON, 


RCI. 






DOW. 








HKD, 


UGC. 






ACP, 


CLK, 


HPC, MON, 


PCC, SHC, SKO, SOC, UCC 


EK. 








EK. 








SAL. 








WYT. 








BPC. 








LIL. 








LIL. 








ARS. 








ARS. 








ARS, 


OPC. 






BPC, 


GIV, 


MAL. 




BPC. 








BPC, 


OPC. 






BPC, 


OPC. 






BPC, 


OPC, 


SOW, UOP. 




DUP, 


GAF. 






GAF. 








ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP, GAF. 




EK. 








DUP. 








RBC. 








SK. 








ACY. 








ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP, GAF. 




DUP, 


FMT, 


SW, TRC. 




ACY, 


SDC. 







SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. — Cyclic intermediates: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
[according to list in table 3) 



d- Phenylephrine base 

dl-Phenylephrine base 

2-?henylethenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Phenyl ether CDiphenyl oxide) 

dC-!) Phenyl glycine 

(j-(;-5-2-PhenylBlycine and derivatives 

d-C-)PhenylElycine, N-carboxy anhydride 

dl-2-Phenyl glycine (racemic) 

Phenylglycine, sodium salt 

d(-)Phenylglycl hydrochloride 

5-Phenylhydantoin 

Phenylhydrazine hydrochloride 

2,2'- [CPhenyl)imino]diethanol (N-Phenyldiethanolamine) - 

2,2'- [(Phenyl)imino]diethanol, dibenzoate ester 

3,3'- [(PhenylHminoidipropionitrile 

Phenylmalonic acid, benzyl ester 

Phenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester 

o-Phenylphenol 

o-Phenylphenol, chlorinated 

o-Phenylphenol, sodium salt 

p-Phenylphenol 

N-Phenyl-p-phenylenedi amine 

Phenylphosphinic acid 

Phenylphosphonothioic di chloride 

Phenylphosphorous di chloride 

*l-Phenyl-l,2-propanedione, 2-oxirae 

Phenyl -2-propanone 

N-3-Phenylpropyl-p-toluidine 

dl-Phenylsuccinic acid 

Phenyl sulfone 

Phenylundecanoic acid 

Phloroglucinol 

lC2H)-Phthalazinone 

Phthalic acid 

Phthalic acid, diallyl ester 

Phthalic acid, monopotassium salt 

♦Phthalic anhydride 



Phthalide 

Phthalimide 

Phthalimide, potassium salt 

[Phthalocyaninato(2-) ] copper 

[Phthalocyaninato(2-) ]iron 

Phthalocyanine, copper complex, di-(and tri)-chloromethyl- 
Phthalocyaninetetrasulfonyl chloride, copper derivative — 

Phthaloyl chloride (Phthalyl chloride) 

3-Picoline-N-oxide 

*Picolines:^ 

*2-Picoline (a-Picoline) 

3-Picoline (B-Picoline) 

4-Picoline (y-Picoline) 

Picoline (3, 4- mixture) 

Picolinic acid 

Picolinonitrile C2-Cyanopyridine) 

Picric acid (Trinitrophenol) 

2,5-Piperazinedione 

*Piperidine 

3-Piperidinopropiophenone hydrochloride 

Polychlorobiphenyl 

PolyCmethylenephenylene) polyamine 

Primuline base 

Primulinesulfonic acid 



SDW. 

SDW. 

SHL. 

DOW. 

OTC. 

KF. 

OTC. 

KF. 

ACS. 

OTC. 

ABB. 

EK. 

EKT. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

BKL. 

BPC. 

DOW, 

DOW. 

DOW. 

DOW. 

USR, X. 

SFA. 

SFI. 

SFI. 

ARS, NEP, ORT. 

ORT, SK. 

EK. 

PD. 

NES. 

EK. 

MRT. 

ACS, X. 



RCI. 



FMP. 
EK. 



ACP, 


GRH, KPS, 


MON, PCC 


UCC, WTC. 




ACS, 


FMT. 




SW. 






EK. 






GAF, 


ICC, ICI, 


TRC. 


DUP. 






TRC. 






DUP. 






MON. 






RIL. 






ACP, 


KPT, NEP, 


RIL, UCC 


NEP, 


RIL. 




NEP, 


RIL, UCC. 




ACP, 


KPT. 




NEP. 






NEP. 






SDC. 






EK. 






ABB, 


DUP, MRK, 


RIL. 


ACY, 


SDW. 




MON. 






KAl. 






DUP. 






ATL. 







PTO, RCI, SOC, STP, SW, 



See footnotes at end of table. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



49 



TABLE 2. --CycUc intermediates: Items for which U.S. procJuction or sales were reported, 
identified by manxifacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Propargylbenzenesulfonate 

Propiophenone 

2-Propy 1-4- amino- S-methoxymethylpyrimi dine amino — 

n-Propylbenzene sulfonate 

8,16-Pyranthrenedione 

Pyridine, refined:^ 

2° Pyridine 

Other grades 

Pyridine hydrochloride 

3-Pyridineinethanol 

3-Pyridinol 

2(lH>Pyridone 

2-Pyrimidinol 

2-PyTrolidinone 

4- (4-Pyrrolidinyl-ni-tolylazo)benzenesulfonic acid- 

Quinaldine 

Quinoline: 

1° and 2° Quinoline 

Other grades 

2,4-Quinolinediol 

8-Quinolinol (8-Hydroxyquinoline, tech.) 

Quinophthalone (Quinoline yellow, base) 

Resorcinol, monoacetate (non-medicinal grade)' 

Resorcinol, tech' 

B-Resorcylic acid 

S-C4-Aminophenyl)thiosulfuric acid, sodium salt 

*Salicylaldehyde ■ 

Salicylaldehyde oxime • 

Salicylanilide 

*Salicylic acid, tech 

Salicylic acid, ammonium chromium complex 

Salicylic acid, sodium-chromium complex 

Salicylic acid, sodium salt (crude) 

Salicylideneaminoguanidine oleate 

Sodium phenoxide 

*Styrene, all grades 



5-Sulfamoylanthranilic acid 

Sulfanilamide, tech 

Sulfanilic acid (p-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid) and salt 

4-Sulfoanthranilic acid 

S-Sulfoisophthalic acid, 1,3-dimethyl ester, sodium salt- 

S-Sulfoisophthalic acid, sodium salt 

N,5 '-Sulfonyldianthranilic acid 

4,4'-Sulfonyldiphenol (4,4'-Dihydroxydiphenylsulfone) 

4-Sulfophthalic acid 

*Terephthalic acid 

*Terephthalic acid, dimethyl ester 

Terephthaloyldiacetic acid, diethyl ester 

Terphenyl (Phenylbiphenyl) 

l,2,4,S-Tetraaminobenzene tetrahydrochloride 

[4,4' ,4' ' ,4' ' '-Tetraaminophthalocyaninato (2-)] copper 

3' ,3' ' ,5' ,5' '-Tetrabromophenolphtlialein, ethyl ester 

Tetrabromophthalic anhydride 

Tetrabromo-8,16-pyranthrenedione 

1,4,5,8-Tetrachloroanthraquinone 

l,2,4,S-Tetrachlorobenzene 

l,2,4,5-Tetrachloro-3-nitrobenzene 

Tetrachlorophthalic anhydride 

Tetrachloroviolanthrone 

Tetrafluoro-m-phenylenedi amine 

Tetrahydrofuran 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl methacrylate 

l,2,3,4-Tetrahydro-6-methoxyquinoline 

l,2,3,4-Tetrahydro-4-oxo-2-naphthoic acid 

l,4,S,8-Tetrahydroxyanthraquinone 

*l,4,5,8-Tetrahydroxyanthraquinone, leuco derivative 

1 , 4 ,S, 8-Tetrakis ( 1-anthraquinony lamino) anthraquinone 

(Pentanthrimide) . 
1,2,3,4-Tetramethylbenzene (Prehinitine) 



KPT, NEP, RIL. 



KPT. 
PCW. 



KPT. 

HN, WTR, RDA. 

DOW, HN, MON, SDH. 



CSD, DOW, ELP, ENJ, FG, KPP, MCB, M3N, SHC, 
:, SNT, UCC. 



ACY, CTN. 
TRC. 



DUP, EKT. 
DUP, EKT, HPC. 



GAP. 

DUP, GAP. 
HK. 



QKO. 



GAP, ICC, TRC. 
GAP. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



50 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. --Cyclic Intermediates: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



1,2,3,5-Tetramethylbenzene (Isodurene) 

1,2,4,5-Tetramethylbenzene (Durene) 

2-(l,l,3,3-Tetramethylbutyl)-p-cresol 

p-Cl,l>3,3-Tetraiiiethylbutyl)phenol 

3,3' ,S,5'-Tetramethyldiphenoquinone 

N,N,N' ,N'-Tetramethyl-p-phenylene diamine dihydrochloride- 

[4, 4', 4'', 4'' '-TetranitrophthalocyaninatoC2-3 ] copper 

2- f2-Th any lami no) pyridine 

*3,3'-Thiobis [7H-benz [de]anthracen-7-one] 

2,2'-Thiobis [S-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid] 

4,4'-Thiodianiline 

6,(5'-Thiodimetanilic acid 

2-Thiopheneacetyl chloride 

2-Thiophenecarboxaldehyde 

sym-Thymol 

*Toluene-2, 4-diamine C4-m-Tolylenediamine) 

Toluene- 2, S- diamine sulfate 

Toluene- 2, 4-disulfonic acid 

o-Toluenesulfonamide 

p-Toluenesulf on amide 

o(and p)-Toluenesulfonic acid 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, methyl ester 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, monohydrate 

p-Toluenesulfonyl chloride 

m-Toluic acid 

o-Toluic acid 

p-Toluic acid 

m-Toluidine 

o-Toluidine 

o-Toluidine hydrochloride 

p-Toluidine 

p-Toluidine hydrochloride 

To lui dines, mixed 

m-Toluidinomethanesulfonic acid 

o-Toluidinome thanes ulfonic acid 

8-p-Toluidino- 1-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

*o-(p-Toluoyl) benzoic acid 

N-(p-Tolylazo)sarcosine 

*4-(o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine CC.I. Solvent Yellow 3) 

4- (o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine hydrochloride 

1-p-Tolyldodecane 

2,2'- (m-Toly limine) diethanol 

p-Toly Imercuri c ch loride 

3,4' ,5-Tribromosalicylanilide 

l,2,3Cand 1,2,4) -Trichlorobenzene 

*l,2,4-Trichlorobenzene 

N,2,5-Trichloro-p-benzoquinoneimine 

l,2,4-Trichloro-5-nitrobenzene 

Trichlorophenylsilane 

a,a,a-Trichlorotoluene CBenzotrichlpride) 

a,2,4-Trichlorotoluene 

a,3,4-Trichlorotoluene 

2,4,6-Trichloro-s-triazine (Cyanuric chloride) 

l,3,S-Triethylbenzene 

2-(Trifluoromethyl)phenothiazine 

a,a,a-Trifluoro-N-phenyl-m-toluidine (3-CTrifluoromethyl) 
diphenylamine) . 

a,a,a-Trifluorotoluene 

a,a, a-Trif luoro-m-toluidine 

a,a,ci-Trifluoro-o-toluidine 

1,2,4-Trihydroxyanthraquinone 

2,3,5-Triiodobenzoic acid 

1,2,3-Trimethylbenzene CHemimellitine) 

1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene (Pseudocuraene) 

2,3,3-Trimethyl-3H-indole 

*1,3, 3-Trimethyl-A^,a-indolineacetaldehyde 

*l,3,3-Trimethyl-2-methyleneindoline (Trimethyl base) 

Trimethylphenylammonium iodide 

a, a' ,2-Trimethyl-l,4-piperazinediethanol 

2,4,6-Trimethylpyridine 

1, 3, 5-Tri nitrobenzene 



SNT. 

SNT. 

ACY. 

GAP, SCN. 

DUP. 

EK. 

SDC. 

ABB. 

DUP, GAP, ICI, TRC. 

GAP. 

ACY. 

ACS, GAP. 

LIL. 



GIV. 
ACS, 
WAY. 
GAP, 
MON. 
MON. 
MON, 

X. 

ICI. 

NES. 

MON. 

CWL. 

CWL. 

EK. 

DIIP. 

DUP, 

AAP, 

DUP. 

EK. 

DUP. 

TRC, 

GAP, 

ACS. 

ACS, 

BUC, 

ACS, 

GAP. 



ACY, DUP, GAP, OMC, RUC, UCC. 
SDH. 

SW, UPP. 



FST. 
ACY. 



VPC. 
TRC. 



ACY, DUP. 

GAP. 

ACY, ALL, DUP, GAP, SDH. 



EKT. 

EK. 

PCW. 

PPG. 

DOW, DVC, HK, SVT. 

EK. 

ALL, PCW. 

DCC, UCC. 

HK, VEL. 

HN. 

HN. 

ACY, GGY, NIL. 

DUP. 

SK. 

SK. 



HK. 

SW. 

SW. 

GAP. 

GAP. 

SNT. 

SNT. 

GAP, 

ACS, 

ACS, 

EK. 

WYN. 

KPT, 

EK. 



TRC. 

DUP, GAP, TRC, VPC. 

DUP, GAP, TRC, VPC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



TABLE 2.- -Cyclic intermediates: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufecturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



2,4,6-Trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid ' 

2,4,7-Trinitrofluoren-9-one 

Triphenylme thane 

Triphenylmethanol 

Triphenylsilanol 

a,a' ,a' '-Tris(dimethylamino)mesitol 

TrisC2-methyl-l-aziridinyl)phosphine oxide 

Tri-p-tolylphosphine 

m-Ureidoaniline 

*7,7'-Ureylenebis [4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid] 
CJ Acid Urea5 . 

Veratraldehyde C3,4-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde) 

Veratryl alcohol C3,4-Dimethoxybenzyl alcohol] 

p-Vinylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2-Vinylcyclohexene . 

2,2'-Vinylenebis [benziraidazole] 

5-Vinyl-2-picoline (MVP) 

2-Vinylpyridine 

4-Vinylpyridine 

*Violanthrone (Dibenzanthrone) 

Xanthene-9-carboxylic acid 

m- Xylene 

*o- Xylene 

*p- Xylene 

2,5-Xylenesulfonic acid 

Xylenol crystals 

2,6-Xylenol, synthetic 

Xylenols: 

Low b.p 

Medium b.p 

Not classified as to b.p 

Xylidines : 

2,4-Xylidine (m-4-Xylidine;) 

2,6-Xylidine 

Original mixture 

4-(2,4-Xylylazo]-o-toluidine 

4-(2,5-Xylylazo)-o-toluidine 

4-(2,4-Xylylazo5-2,5-xylidine 

All other cyclic intermediates 



ARA, EK. 

ARA. 

RH, TKL. 

ARS, ICC. 

EK. 

ICI. 

ACS, CMC, GAP, TRC, VPC. 

GIV, LIL, SLV. 

LIL. 

DUP. 

UCC. 

TRC. 

PLC. 

RIL. 

RIL. 

ACS, ACY, ATL, DUP, GAP, ICI, MAY, SDC, TRC. 

MAL. 

SNT, SOC. 

ASH, CCP, CPI, CSD, CSO, CSP, DLH, ENJ, GRS, MON, 

PPR, SIN, SNT, SOC, SWO, TOC. 
ACC, CSD, ENJ, HCR, PPR, SHC, SHO, SIN, SNT, SOC, 

SOG, TOC. 
EK, NES. 
ACP. 
KPT. 

NPC. 
NPC. 
GE, NPC. 

DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
ACS. 
ACY. 
ACS. 

ACY, ARA, cue, CWN, DUP, GAP, HN, ICC, KF, LIL, N 
OPC, PCW, PD, PRD, SCH, SW, UCC. VEL, WTC, x. 



See report on Medicinal Chemicals for data on medicinal grade of this item. 
^ Does not include manufacturers' identification codes for producers that report to the Division of Fossil Fuels, 
U.S. Bureau of Mines. These producers are listed in the U.S. Bureau of Mines Mineral Industry Survey Coke Producers 
in the United States in 1967, Feb. 4, 1969. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 3. --Cyclic intermediates: Directory of Manufacturers, 1969 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


AAC 


Alcolac Chemical Corp. 


FG 


Foster Grant Co., Inc. 


AAP 


American Aniline Products, Inc. 


FIN 


Fine Organics, Inc. 


ABB 


Abbott Laboratories 


FIS 


Fisher Chemical Co.. Inc. S Fisher 


ACC 


Amoco Chemical Corp. 




Melamine Corp. 




Allied Chemical Corp.: 


FLM 


Fleming Laboratories, Inc. 


ACP 


Plastics Div. 


FMP 


FMC Corp.. Organic Chemicals Div. 


ACS 


Specialty Chemicals Div. 


FMT 


Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc. 


ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. 


FST 


First Chemical Corp. 


ALD 


Aldrich Chemical Co., Inc. 






ALL 


Alliance Chemical, Inc. 


GAF 


GAF Corp., Dyestuff § Chemical Div. 


ALT 


Grompton 5 Knowles Corp., Althouse Div. 


GE 


General Electric Co. 


AMB 


American Bio-Synthetics Corp. 


GGY 


Geigy Chemical Corp. 


APD 


Atlas Chemical Industries, Inc. 


GIV 


Givaudan Corp. 


ARA 


Arapahoe Chemical Div. of Syntex Corp. 


GLY 


Glyco Chemicals, Inc. 


ARK 


Armstrong Cork Co. 


GOC 


Gulf Oil Corp. - U.S. Gulf Oil Co., 


ARS 


Arsynco, Inc. 




Chemical Dept. 


ARZ 


Arizona Chemical Co. 


GRH 


W. R. Grace 5 Co. , Hatco Chemical Div. 


ASH 


Ashland Oil, Inc. 


GRS 


Pontiac Refining Corp. 


ASL 


Ansul Co. 


GYR 


Goodyear Tire S Rubber Co. 


ATL 


Atlantic Chemical Corp. 






ATR 


Atlantic Richfield Co., Arco Chemical Co. 


HCR 


Hercor Chemical Corp. 




Div. 


HEX 


Hexagon Laboratories, Inc. 






HK 


Hooker Chemical Corp.: 


BFG 


B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich 


HKD 


Durez Div. 




Chemical Co. Div. 


HMY 


Humphrey Chemical Co. 


BJL 


Burdick 5 Jackson Laboratories, Inc. 


HN 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc. 


BKL 


Millmaster Onyx Corp., Millmaster Chemical 


HOU 


Air Products 6 Chemicals, Inc., Houdry 




Div., Berkeley Chemical Dept. 




Process S Chemical Div. 


BPC 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Benzol Products Div. 


HPC 


Hercules, Inc. 


BRP 


BP Oil Co. 


HSC 


Chemetron Corp., Pigments Div. 


BUC 


Blackman-Uhler Chemical Co. 


HSH 


Harshaw Chemical Co. Div. of Kewanee Oil 

Co. 
American Hoechst Corp. 


CCP 


Crown Central Petroleum Corp. 


HST 


CCW 


Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc. 






GEL 


Gelanese Corp. 


ICC 


Inmont Corp. 


CFG 


Sun Chemical Corp. 


ICI 


ICI America, Inc. 


CHO 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Calhio Chemicals, 
Inc. Div. 


IDC 


Industrial Dyestuff Co. 


CLK 


Clark Oil 6 Refining Corp., Glark Chemical Co. 


JCC 


Jefferson Chemical Co., 'Inc. 


CMC 


Cos-Mar Co. 


KAI 


Kaiser Aluminum 6 Chemical Corp., Kaiser 


CMG 


Nyanza, Inc. 




Chemicals Div. 


CNP 


Columbia Nipro Corp. 


KF 


Kay- Fries Chemicals, Inc. 


CO 


Continental Oil Co. 


KPP 


Sinclair-Koppers Co. 


GPI 


Commonwealth Petrochemicals, Inc. 


KPS 


Koppers Pittsburgh Co. 


CRS 


Carus Chemical Co., Inc. 


KPT 


Koppers Co., Inc., Organic Materials Div. 


CRZ 


Crown Zellerbach Corp., Chemical Products Div. 






CSD 


Cos den Oil S Chemical Co. 


LAK 


Lakeway Chemical Co. 


GSO 


Cities Service Oil Co. 


LEM 


B. L. Lemke 5 Co., Inc. 


GSP 


Coastal States Petrochemicals Co. 


LIL 


Eli Lilly S Go. S Puerto Rico 


CTN 


Chemetron Corp., Organic Chemical Div. 






cue 


Air Reduction Co., Inc., Airco Chemicals 


MAL 


Mallinckrodt Chemical Works 




6 Plastics 


MAY 


Otto B. May, Inc. 


CWL 


Stauffer Chemical Go., Cowles Chemical Div. 


MCB 


Borg-Wamer Corp., Marbon Chemical Div. 


CWN 


Upjohn Co., Carwin Organic Chemicals 


MCH 


Michigan Chemical Corp. 






MED 


Medical Chemicals Corp. 


DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. 


HER 


Merichem Co. 


DBG 


Dow Badische Co. 


MET 


M 6 T Chemicals, Inc. 


DGC 


Dow Coming Corp. 


MLS 


Miles Laboratories, Inc., Marschall Div. 


DLH 


Amerada Hess, Hess Oil 5 Chemical Div. 


MOB 


Mobay Chemical Co. 


DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. 


MOC 


Marathon Oil Co. 


DSC 


Dye Specialties, Inc. 


MON 


Monsanto Co. 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours 6 Co., Inc. 


MRA 


Metro-Atlantic, Inc. 


DVC 


Dover Chemical Corp. 


MRK 


Merck S Co. , Inc. 






MRT 


Morton Chemical Co. 


EK 


Eastman Kodak Co. : 


MTO 


Montrose Chemical Go. 


EKT 


Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 


MTR 


Chris-Craft Industries, Inc., Montrose 


ELP 


El Paso Products Co. 




Chemical Div. 


ENJ 


Enjay Chemical Go. 






EVN 


Evans Chemetics, Inc. 


NCI 


Union Camp Corp., Chemicals Div. 



CY-CLIC INTERMEDIATES 
TABLE 3. --Cyclic intermediates: Directory of Manufacturers, 196 9- -Continued 



53 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


NEP 


Nepera Chemical Co., Inc. 


SHL 


Nitini, Inc., Div. of Shulton, Inc. 


NES 


Nease Chemical Co., Inc. 


SHO 


Shell Oil Co. 


NEV 


Neville Chemical Co. 


SIN 


Atlantic Richfield Co., Products Div. - 


NIL 


Nilok Chemicals, Inc. 




Mid Continent Area 


NOR 


Norwich Pharmacal Co. 


SK 


Smith, Kline S French Laboratories 


NPC 


Northwest Petrochemical Corp. 


SKC 


Sinclair-Koppers Chemical Co. 






SKO 


Skelly Oil Co. 


OMC 


Olin Corp. 


SLV 


Salvo Chemical Corp. 


OPC 


Orbis Products Corp. 


SM 


Mobil Oil Corp., Mobil Chemical Co. Div., 


ORO 


Chevron Chemical Co. 




Industrial Chemical Div. 


ORT 


Roehr Chemicals, Inc. 


SNA 


Sun Chemical Corp., Ansbacker-Siegle Div. 


OTA 


Ferro Corp., Ottawa Chemical Div. 


SNT 


Suntide Refining Co. 


OTC 


Ott Chemical Co. 


SOC 


Standard Oil Co. of California, Chevron 
Chemical Co. 


PAS 


Pennwalt Chemicals Corp. 


SOG 


Signal Oil 5 Gas Co. 


PAT 


Morton International, Inc., Moi'ton 


STG 


Stange Co. 




Chemical Co. Div. 


STP 


Stephan Chemical Co. 


PCC 


USS Chemicals, Div. of U.S. Steel Corp. 


STY 


Styrochem Corp. 


PCR 


Princeton Chemical Research, Inc. 


SVT 


Solvent Chemical Co., Inc. 


PCW 


Pfister Chemical, Inc. 


SW 


Sherwin-Williams Co. 


PD 


Parke, Davis 6 Co. 


SWO 


Southwestern Oil 6 Refining Co. 


PFZ 


Pfizer, Inc. 






PIC 


Pierce Organics, Inc. 


TCD 


Tenneco Chemicals , Inc . , Tenneco Colors 


PIT 


Pitt-Consol Chemical Co. 


TEN 


Tennessee Copper Co. Div. of Tennessee 


PLC 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 




Corp. 


PPG 


PPG Industries, Inc. 


TKL 


Thiokol Chemical Corp. 


PPR 


Phillips Puerto Rico Core, Inc. 


TMS 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Thomasset Color Div. 


PRD 


Productol Chemical Co.. Inc. 


TNA 


Ethyl Corp. 


PTO 


Puerto Rico Chemical Co., Inc. 


TOC 


Tenneco Oil Co. 


PTT 


Petro-Tex Chemical Corp. 


TRC 


Toms River Chemical Corp. 






TX 


Texaco, Inc. 


QKO 


Quaker Oats Co. 










UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 


RBC 


Roberts Chemicals, Div. of Security Chemicals, 


UOC 


Union Oil Co. of California 




Inc. 


HOP 


Universal Oil Products Co., UOP Chemical 


RCI 


Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 




Div. 


RDA 


Rhodia, Inc. 


UPF 


United States Pipe § Foundry Co. 


RH 


Rohm S Haas Co. 


UPJ 


Upjohn Co. 


RIL 


Reilly Tar § Chemical Corp. 


UPM 


Universal Oil Products Co. 


RPC 


Millmaster Onyx Corp., Refined-Onyx 

Div. 
R.S.A. Corp. 


USR 


Uniroyai, Inc., Chemical Div. 


RSA 


VEL 


Velsicol Chemical Corp. 


RUC 


Rubicon Chemicals, Inc. 


VGC 


Virginia Chemicals, Inc. 






VPC 


Verona Corp. 


SAL 


Salsbury Laboratories 






SAR 


Sartomer Resins, Inc. 


WAY 


Philip A. Hunt Chemical Corp., Wayland 


sec 


Standard Chlorine of Delaware, Inc. 




Chemical Div. 


SCH 


Schering Corp. 


WCC 


Witco Chemical Corp.. Witfield Chemical 


SCN 


Schenectady Chemicals, Inc. 




Div. 


SDC 


Martin-Marietta Corp., Southern Dyestuff 


WHC 


Whittaker Corp., Narmco Research S 




Co. Div. 




Development Div. 




Sterling Drug, Inc.: 


WIL 


Wilson S Co., Inc., Wilson Laboratories 


SDH 


Hilton-Davis Chemical Co. Div. 




Div. 


SDW 


Winthrop Laboratories Div. 


WJ 


Warner- Jenkinson Manufacturing Co. 


SEL 


Selney Co. , Inc. 


WTC 


Witco Chemical Co., Inc. 




Stauffer Chemical Co.: 


WYN 


Wyandotte Chemicals Corp. 


SFA 


Specialty Chemical Div. 


WYT 


H^eth Laboratories, Inc., Wyeth Laboratories 


SFI 


Industrial Div. 




Div. of American Home Products Corp. 


SHC 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 










YAW 


Young Aniline Works, Inc. 



Note. — For the complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies, refer to table 1 in the Appendix. 



BEWZEWO^D DXES 55 

Domestic synthetic dyes are derived in whole or in part from cyclic 
intermediates. Approximately two- thirds of the dyes consumed in the 
United States are used by the textile industry to dye natural and syn- 
thetic fibers or fabrics; about one-sixth is used for coloring paper; 
and the rest is used chiefly in the production of organic pigments 
and in the dyeing of leather and plastics. Of the several thousand 
different synthetic dyes that are known, more than one thousand are 
mianufactured by one or more domestic producers. The large number 
of dyes results from the many different types of materials to which 
dyes are applied, the different conditions of service for which dyes 
are required, and the costs that a particular use can bear. Dyes are 
sold as pastes, powders, liomps, and solutions; concentrations vary 
from 6 percent to 100 percent. The concentration, form, and purity 
of a dye are determined largely by the use for which it is intended. 

Total domestic production of dyes in 1969 amounted to 240 million 
pounds, or 6.1 percent more than the 226 million pounds produced in 
1968 (table l-*) . Sales of dyes in 1969 amounted to 221 million pounds, 
valued at $385 million, compared with 215 million pounds, valued at 
$370 million, in 1968. In terms of quantity, sales of dyes in 1969 
were 2.9 percent larger than in 1968 and in terms of value, 4.1 percent 
larger. Ihe average unit value of sales of all dyes in 1969 was $1.74 
a pound, or 1.2 percent greater than the $1.72 a pound reported in 1968. 

For many important dyes, production was larger in 1969 than in" 
1968. The output of Acid Yellow 151, Direct Yellow 11, and Disperse 
Red 60 more than doubled in 1969. Acid Yellow 151 production increased 
to 1,124,000 pounds in 1969 from 556,000 pounds in 1968; Direct Yellow 
11 output increased to 2,522,000 pounds from 1,250,000 pounds in 1968; 
and Disperse Red 60 output totaled 543,000 pounds in 1969, up from 
239,000 pounds in 1968. Other important dyes whose output in 1969 
was substantially larger than in 1968 were Disperse Yellow 23 (76.3 
percent increase). Disperse Yellow 54 (65.2 percent increase), Acid 
Blue 9 (36.0 percent increase). Direct Blue 218 (34.9 percent increase), 
Direct Yellow 106 (32.7 percent increase), Basic Yellow 11 (31.8 per- 
cent increase). Acid Black 52 (28.9 percent increase), and Vat Orange 1 
(21.1 percent increase). 

On the other hand, the output of a few_important dyes was smaller 
in 1969 than in 1968. Production of Vat Orange 15 was 822, dOO pounds 
in 1969, or 31.8 percent less than the 1,206,000 pounds produced in 
1968. Production of Vat- Green 1 in 1969 was 3,667,000 pounds, or 30.3 



I 



^ See also table 2 of this section which lists these products and 
identifies the manufacturers of each from the list in table 3. Imports 
of benzenoid dyes in 1968 and 1969 are given in table 2 in the Appendix, 



56 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 

percent less than the 5,259,000 pounds produced in 1968. The output 
o£ Direct Black 80 was 29.6 percent smaller in 1969 than in 1968; that 
of Vat Yellow 2 was 25.9 percent smaller; that of Acid Blue 45 was 22.2 
percent smaller, that of Vat Brown 3 was 18.7 percent smaller; and that 
of Direct Blue 86 was 17.8 percent smaller. 

Table lA summarizes production and sales of dyes in 1969 by class of 
application. Five application classes of dyes accounted for approximately 
three- fourths of all the dyes produced. Vat dyes accounted for 21.1 
percent of the total; fluorescent brighteners, for 16.6 percent; direct 
dyes, for 15.8 percent; disperse dyes, for 10.6 percent; and acid dyes, 
for 10.2 percent. Of these five classes of dyes, the output of fluores- 
cent brighteners was 27.1 percent larger in 1969 than in 1968; the out- 
put of disperse dyes was 14.6 percent larger; the output of acid dyes 
was 9.0 percent larger; and the output of direct dyes was 3.3 percent 
larger. The output of vat dyes, however, was 7.4 percent less in 1969 
than in 1968. 

Of the remaining classes, the output of basic dyes in 1969 was 14.0 
percent more than the 1968 production; that of azoic compositions was 
9.9 percent larger in 1969 than in 1968; and that of food, drug, and 
cosmetic colors was 19.1 percent larger in 1969. Production of fiber- 
reactive dyes decreased 13.7 percent in 1969 from the 1968 output; 
mordant dyes decreased 21.2 percent in 1969; and solvent dye output in 
1969 was 1.8 percent less than the 1968 output. 

Table IB shows production and sales of dyes, by chemical class. In 
1969, three chemical classes of dyes accounted for more than two- thirds 
of all the dyes produced: Azo dyes accounted for 31.5 percent of the 
total; anthraquinone dyes, for 21.6 percent; and stilbene dyes, for 17.1 
percent. The output of the azo dyes was 6.3 percent larger in 1969 
than in 1968, that of the stilbenze dyes was 23.6 percent larger, and 
that of the anthraquinone dyes, 5.9 percent smaller. Of the remaining 
chemical classes for which statistics are published, the output of 
methine dyes was 44.0 percent larger in 1969 than in 1968; oxazine dyes, 
30.4 percent larger; quinoline dyes, 30.0 percent larger; nitro dyes, 
13.1 percent larger; azoic dyes, 10.5 percent larger; sulfur dyes, 4.2 
percent larger; triarylme thane dyes, 2.1 percent larger; xanthene dyes, 
1.6 percent larger; and thiazole dyes, 1.2 percent larger. On the 
other hand, the output of phthalocyanine dyes was 15.0 percent smaller 
in 1969 than in 1968; and the output of cyanine dyes was 1.3 percent 
smaller. 



BENZENOID DYES 
TABLE 1. — Benzenoid dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1969 



57 



[Listed below are all benzenoid dyes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders 
are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were re- 
ported.) Table 2 lists all dyes for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufac- 
turer of each ] 



Dye 



Quantity 



1,000 
pounds 



I 



I 



Grand total 

ACID DYES 

Total 

Acid yellow dyes, total 

Acid Yellow 11 

Acid Yellow 17 

Acid Yellow 23 

Acid Yellow 36 

Acid Yellow 40 

Acid Yellow 42 

Acid Yellow 44 

Acid Yellow 54 

Acid Yellow 73 

Acid Yellow 76 

Acid Yellow 99 

Acid Yellow 124 -- 

Acid Yellow 151 

All other 

Acid orange dyes, total 

Acid Orange 1 

Acid Orange 7 

Acid Orange 8 

Acid Orange 10 

Acid Orange 24 

Acid Orange 60 

Acid Orange 74 

Acid Orange 116 

All other 

Acid red dyes, total 

Acid Red 1 

Acid Red 4 

Acid Red 14 

Acid Red 17— 

Acid Red 18 

Acid Red 26 

Acid Red 37 

Acid Red 73— — -, 

Acid Red 85 

Acid Red 88 ,- 

Acid Red 89 

Acid Red 99 

Acid Red 114 

Acid Red 115 

Acid Red 119 

Acid Red 137 

Acid Red 151-- 

Acid Red 182 

Acid Red 186 

All other 

Acid violet dyes, total 

Acid Violet 1 

Acid Violet 3 

Acid Violet 7 • 

See footnotes at end of table. 



24,538 



5.976 



622 
484 
281 

61 
20 
95 



132 
1,124 
2,981 



655 
321 
381 



f.l8 
802 



3,760 



546 
107 
115 



70 
291 
102 
259 
18 
60 
214 



160 
358 



1,000 
pounds 

220,886 



1,000 
dotlccrs 



21,685 



554 
355 
234 
146 
53 



114 

968 

2,194 



547 
320 
401 
609 
166 
54 
533 
726 

3,309 



86 

25 

142 

65 

56 

241 

105 

218 

21 

74 

212 



166 
371 



68 
105 



102 
,189 
810 
344 
428 



294 
2,366 
5,998 

5,924 



102 
591 
435 
506 
857 
408 
118 
1,176 
1,731 

7,948 



491 
169 
138 



161 
626 



140 

489 

33 

34 

543 

799 

147 

137 

3,197 

1,086 



79 
138 
145 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 1. — Benzenoid dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1969- -Continued 



Dye 



Quantity 



ACJD DYES--Continued 



Acid violet dyes — Continued 

Acid Violet 12 

Acid Violet 49 

All other 

Acid blue dyes, total 

Acid Blue 7 

Acid Blue 9 

Acid Blue 25 

Acid Blue 40 .- 

Acid Blue 41 

Acid Blue 45 

Acid Blue 62 

Acid Blue 78 

Acid Blue 113 

Acid Blue 118 

Acid Blue 120 

Acid Blue 158 and 158A 

Acid Blue 230 

All other 

Acid green dyes, total 

Acid Green 1 

Acid Green 3 

Acid Green 9 

Acid Green 16 

Acid Green 20 

Acid Green 25 

All other 

Acid brown dyes, total 

Acid Brown 14 

All other 

Acid black dyes, total 

Acid Black 1 

Acid Black 24 

Acid Black 48 

Acid Black 52 

Acid Black 60 

Acid Black 107 

All other 

AZOIC DYES AND COMPONENTS 

Azoia Compositions 

Total 

Azoic Yellow 2 

Azoic Orange 3 

Azoic Red 1 

Azoic Red 2 

Azoic Red 6 

Azoic Blue 3 

Azoic Brown 9 

Azoic black dyes 

All other azoic compositions 



1,000 
pounds 



1,062 
266 
102 

88 
608 

36 

48 
681 

66 



1,732 



422 
238 



432 
622 



3,764 



13 

941 

148 

197 

1,454 



115 
397 
87 
199 
161 
235 
752 
552 



1,000 



1,000 
dollars 



38 
87 
130 

4,286 



80 

539 

29 

40 

558 

64 

22 

120 

71 

2,418 



89 
42 

327 
151 



390 
538 



3,527 



85 

18 

840 

137 

216 

1,383 



55 
99 
90 
194 
788 
1,009 



58 
270 
396 



123 

1,372 
350 
295 

1,800 
191 
294 

1,178 
117 
. 45 
250 
482 

7,446 

2,603 



218 
57 

483 

82 

1,135 

539 

2,157 



618 
1,539 



6,363 



1,213 
151 
97 

1,484 
478 
586 

2,354 



86 
165 
174 
283 
1,381 
1,530 



See footnotes at end of table. 



BENZENOID DYES 



59 



TABLE l.--Benzenoid dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1969--Continued 



Dye 



AZOIC DYES AND COMPONENTS— Continued 

Azoic Diazo Components , Bases 
(Fast Color Bases) 

Total 

Azoic Diazo Component 4, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 8, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 9, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 10, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 12, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 32, base 

All other azoic diazo components, bases 

Azoic Diazo Components, Salts 
(Fast Color Salts) 



1,000 



Total - 



Azoic Diazo Component 1, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 3, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 5, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 6, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 8, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 9, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 10, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 12, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 13, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 28, salt- 

Azoic Diazo Component 44, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 49, salt 

All other azoic diazo components, salts- 



Azoic Coupling Components 
(Naphthol AS and Derivatives ) 



Total- 



Azoic Coupling Component 3 

Azoic Coupling Component 4 

Azoic Coupling Component 7 

Azoic Coupling Component 8 

Azoic Coupling Component 14 

Azoic Coupling Component 18 

Azoic Coupling Component 29 

Azoic Coupling Component 34 

Azoic Coupling Component 43 

All other azoic coupling components- 



BASIC DYES 



Total - 



Basic yellow dyes, total- 
Basic Yellow 2 

Basic Yellow 11 

Basic Yellow 13 

All other 



Basic orange dyes, total - 

Basic Orange 1 

Basic Orange 2 

Basic Orange 21 

All other 



1,188 



156 
319 
644 



1.740 



371 

98 

71 

66 

195 

18 

127 

251 

187 



2,199 



16 
456 



227 
475 



14.887 



3,814 



553 
1,120 

100 
2,041 

2,026 



367 
683 
729 
247 



1,000 



1,000 
dollars 



238 
163 
510 



12 

377 



57 
215 

17 

128 

267 

183 

6 

62 
330 



2,104 



137 
352 



530 
985 



1,728 
1,810 



355 
583 
693 
179 



263 
257 
817 



1,559 



134 
175 
158 
10 
147 
408 



3,703 



1,012 

308 

375 

25 

79 

16 

1,818 



39,313 



10,192 



1,099 

3,642 

231 

5,220 

3.775 



446 
796 
.904 
629 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE l.--Benzenoid dyes: U.S. production and sales, 196 9- -Continued 



Dye 



Quantity 



BASIC DYES--Continued 



Basic red dyes, total 

Basic Red 9 

Basic Red 13 

Basic Red 14 

Basic Red 18 

All other 

Basic violet dyes, total 

Basic Violet 1 

Basic Violet 4 

Basic Violet 10 

Basic Violet 16 

All other 

Basic blue dyes, total 

Basic Blue 1 

Basic Blue 5 

Basic Blue 7 

Basic Blue 9 

All other 

Basic Green 1 

Basic Green 4 

Basic Brown 1 

Basic Brown 4 

All other basic dyes 

DIRECT DYES 

Total 

Direct yellow dyes, total 

Direct Yellow 4 

Direct Yellow 5 

Direct Yellow 6- 

Direct Yellow S ,- 

Direct Yellow 11 ^ 

Direct Yellow 12 

Direct Yellow 26 

Direct Yellow 28 

Direct Yellow 29 

Direct Yellow 44 

Direct Yellow 50--- 

Direct Yellow 84 

Direct Yellow 105 

Direct Yellow 106 

All other 

Direct orange dyes, total 

Direct Orange 1 

Direct Orange 8 

Direct Orange 15 ^ 

Direct Orange 26 

Direct Orange 29 

Direct Orange 34 

Direct Orange 37 

Direct Orange 39 

Direct Orange 72 

Direct Orange 81 

Direct Orange 102 

All other 



1,000 
■pounds 



2,C 



21 

57 

414 

288 

1,228 

3,289 



1,305 

27 

239 

206 

1,512 

2,305 



483 
287 
492 



11,911 



508 

174 

685 

18 

2,522 

356 

16 

370 

65 

935 

564 

960 

401 

1,909 

2,428 

2,418 



126 
309 

51 
121 
122 

33 
195 
502 

69 
313 
538 



1,000 
pounds 



1.869 



1,000 
dollars 



421 

252 

1,128 

3,082 



1,115 

29 

245 

176 

1,517 

2,154 



147 

620 

1,297 



16S 
484 
104 



10,875 



492 
178 
617 

2,339 

294 

9 

281 

76 

874 

502 

917 

314 

1,695 

2,287 

2,273 



131 
295 

54 
106 
100 

37 
211 
472 

80 
293 
460 



8,591 



66 

157 
3,534 

660 
4,174 

6,635 



1,544 
100 

1,090 
573 

3,328 

6,862 



227 

145 

549 

1,283 

4,658 

271 
1,753 
303 
664 
267 



54,333 



1,021 



906 
26 

600 

155 
1,562 
1,055 
1,271 

770 
1,989 
4,573 

5,274 



217 
300 
117 
259 
241 
85 
440 

1,090 
243 
790 

1,420 



S^e iootnotes at end of table. 



BENZENOID DYES 



TABLE l.--Benzenoid dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1969--CQntinued 



Dye 



Quantity 



DIRECT DYES--Continued 

Direct red dyes, total 

Direct Red 1 

Direct Red 2 

Direct Red 4 

Direct Red 10 

Direct Red 13 

Direct Red 16 

Direct Red 23 

Direct Red 24 

Direct Red 26 

Direct Red 28 

Direct Red 31 

Direct Red 37 

Direct Red 39 

Direct Red 72 

Direct Red 75 

Direct Red 79 -- 

Direct Red 80 

Direct Red 81 

Direct Red 83 

Direct Red 122 

Direct Red 149 

All other 

Direct violet dyes, total 

Direct Violet 1 

Direct Violet 7 

Direct Violet 9 

All other 

Direct blue dyes, total 

Direct Blue 1 

Direct Blue 2 

Direct Blue 6 

Direct Blue 8 

Direct Blue 15 

Direct Blue 22 ---: 

Direct Blue 25 

Direct Blue 67 

Direct Blue 71 

Direct Blue 76 

Direct Blue 78 

Direct Blue 80 

Direct Blue 86 

Direct Blue 98 

Direct Blue 120 and 120A 

Direct Blue 126 

Direct Blue 191 

Direct Blue 218 

All other 

Direct green dyes, total 

Direct Green 1 

Direct Green 6 

All other 

Direct brown dyes, total 

Direct Brown 1 

Direct Brown lA 

Direct Brown 2 

Direct Brown 31 



1,000 
pounds 



4,024 



190 
205 



309 
382 
216 
195 



103 
184 

110 
492 
542 
185 



123 
103 



7.413 



461 

1,217 

612 



131 

141 

602 

1,032 

176 

142 

155 

105 

1,226 

1,244 

1,302 



272 
669 
361 

1,950 



123 
194 
130 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



107 
271 
335 
141 
177 

15 
118 
134 
135 

15 
118 
490 
493 
173 
9 

18 
621 



394 

1,157 

519 



10 

59 

20 

61 

127 

102 

604 

1,006 

149 

126 

117 

73 

1,054 

1,083 

1,156 



244 
558 
354 

1,681 



181 
110 



8,585 



291 
374 
116 



218 
689 
633 
346 
267 

53 
328 
384 
293 

50 
296 
860 
,229 
269 



1,476 



223 
387 



865 

1,135 

368 

82 

83 

20 

158 

83 

171 

186 

330 

974 

1,500 

276 

285 

351 

134 

1,912 

1,735 

2,625 



316 

866 

1,443 



61 
140 
273 
337 



I 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE l.--Benzenoid dyes: U.S. production and sales, 196 9- -Continued 



Dye 



Quantity Value 



DIRECT DYES--Continued 

Direct brown dyes--Continued 

Direct Brown 74 

Direct Brown 95 

Direct Brown 111 

Direct Brown 154 

All other 

Direct black dyes, total 

Direct Black 4 

Direct Black 9 

Direct Black 19 

Direct Black 22 

Direct Black 38 

Direct Black 51 

Direct Black 80 

All other 

DISPERSE DYES 

Total 

Disperse yellow dyes, total 

Disperse Yellow 3 

Disperse Yellow 5 

Disperse Yellow 23 

Disperse Yellow 33 

Disperse Yellow 34 

Disperse Yellow 42 

Disperse Yellow 54 

All other 

Disperse orange dyes, total 

Disperse Orange 3 

Disperse Orange S 

Disperse Orange 17 

Disperse Orange 25 

All other 7 

Disperse red dyes, total 

Disperse Red 1 

Disperse Red 5 

Disperse Red 11 

Disperse Red 13 

Disperse Red 15 

Disperse Red 17 

Disperse Red 60 

Disperse Red 65 

All other 

Disperse violet dyes, total 

Disperse Violet 1 

Disperse Violet 4 

Disperse Violet 27 

All other 

Disperse blue dyes, total 

Disperse Blue 1 

Disperse Blue 3 

Disperse Blue 7 

Disperse Blue 64 

Disperse Blue 79 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 



363 
239 



535 
6,112 



878 
734 



2,608 

36 

966 

319 

292 

1,386 
697 

1,110 



3,059 



188 
130 
231 
259 
2,251 

3,453 



82 

38 

22 

117 

178 

543 

105 

2,056 

587 



441 

1,752 

360 

1,174 
5,506 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



59 
690 



290 
161 



379 
5,527 



733 
638 



23,104 



6,586 



2,343 
34 
840 
265 
234 

1,192 
651 

1,027 



2,904 



145 
124 
195 
218 
2,222 

3,115 



183 

475 



92 
262 



8,465 



406 

1,625 

331 

256 

1,067 

4,780 



97 
706 
163 
284 
253 



64 

94 

264 

3,934 

231 

698 

1,002 



13,043 



3,620 

118 

1,533 

443 

386 

1,939 

2,462 

2,542 

5,410 



242 
298 
258 
394 

,218 



286 
30 

246 

268 
1,590 

163 
6,820 

1,558 



140 
1,072 



25,606 



1,584 
2,641 
2,252 
389 
3,689 
15,051 



See footnotes at end of table 



BENZENOID DYES 



63 



TABLE 1. — Benzenoid dyes: UoS. production and sales, 1969 — Continued 



Dye 



Quantity 



DISPERSE DYES--Continued 

Disperse black dyes, total 

Disperse Black 1 

All other 

All other disperse dyes 

FIBER-REACTIVE DYES 

Fiber -reactive dyes, total 

Reactive yellow dyes 

Reactive blue dyes 

Reactive black dyes 

All other reactive dyes 

FLUORESCENT BRIGHTENING AGENTS 
Total 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 9 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 28 

All other fluorescent brightening agents 

FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC COLORS 

Total 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Dyes 

Total 

FD§C Blue No. 1 

FD§C Blue No. 2 - ■ 

FD5C Red No. 2 

FDSC Red No. 3 

FD§C Red No. 4— - -- 

FD5C Yellow No. 5 

FDSC Yellow No. 6 

All other food, drug, and cosmetic dyes 

Drug and Cosmetic and External Drug 
and Cosmetic Dyes 

Total - 

D§C Green dyes 

D§C Orange dyes 

D5C Red dyes, total 

D5C Red No. 6— 

D&C Red No. 7 

DSC Red No. 8 

DSC Red No. 19 

DSC Red No. 36 

All other 

DSC Yellow No. 5 

All other drug S cosmetic and external drug S cosmetic dyes 



1,000 



165 
1,368 



2,428 



S80 
837 
111 
900 



39,774 



254 

1,676 

37,844 



4,264 



4.036 



28 

1,211 

165 

26 
1,337 
1,102 

78 



1,000 
unds 

1,386 



1,000 
dollars 



149 
1,237 



177 



2,219 



476 
695 
116 
932 



252 

1,537 

31,605 



3,985 



3,766 



31 

1,201 

170 

28 

1,220 

976 

51 



24 
131 



282 
1,580 



9,711 



2,090 

3,796 

377 

3,448 



55,339 



319 

2,346 

52,674 



12,835 



902 

299 
3,259 
1,602 

133 
3,573 
2,602 

465 



1,428 



46 
672 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 
TABLE l.--Benzenoid dyes: U.S. production and sales, 196 9- -Continued 



Dye 



Production 



Quantity Value 



MORDANT DYES 

Total 

Mordant yellow dyes, total 

Mordant Yellow 1 

All other 

Mordant orange dyes 

Mordant red dyes 

Mordant blue dyes 

Mordant brown dyes, total 

Mordant Brown 1 

Mordant Brown 33 - 

Mordant Brown 40 

All other 

Mord^t black dyes, total 

Mordant Black 3 

Mordant Black 11 

Mordant Black 17 

All other 

All other mordant dyes 

SOLVENT DYES 

Total 

Solvent yellow dyes, total 

Solvent Yellow 2 

Solvent Yellow 3 

Solvent Yellow 14 

All other 

Solvent orange dyes, total 

Solvent Orange 3 

Solvent Orange 7 

All other 

Solvent red dyes, total 

Solvent Red 24-- 

Solvent Red 26 

Solvent Red 49 

All other 

Solvent violet dyes, total 

Solvent Violet 8 

All other 

Solvent blue dyes, total 

Solvent Blue 11 - 

Solvent Blue 38 

All other 

Solvent brown dyes, total 

Solvent Brown 12 

All other 

All other solvent dyes 



1,000 



2,255 



859 
369 
199 



11,192 



1,248 



24 

37 

649 

538 



ISO 
387 



288 
268 



180 
119 



1,571 



111 
1,449 



2,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



150 
182 
112 



1,399 



902 
325 
145 



27 

40 

644 

472 



118 
339 



1,754 



1,418 



109 
1,309 



274 
293 
322 



1,834 



1,192 
336 

270 



19,362 



47 

60 

792 

1,848 

1,347 



168 
1,091 



4,420 



500 

306 

3,614 



4,578 



533 
4.045 



5,745 



5,934 



229 
5,570 



, See footnotes at end of table. 



BENZENOID DYES 



65 



TABLE 1. — Benzenoid dyes: U.S. production and sales, 196 9- -Continued 



Dye 



Quantity 



SULFUR DYES^ 



Total 

Sulfur black dyes 

All other sulfur dyes 

VAT DYES 

Total 

Vat yellow dyes, total 

Vat Yellow 2, 8-1/2- — 

Vat Yellow 4, 12-1/2 

All other 

Vat orange dyes, total 

Vat Orange 1, 20% 

Vat Orange 2, 12% 

Vat Orange 3, 13-1/2% 

Vat Orange 9, 12% 

Vat Orange 15, 10% 

All other 

Vat red dyes, total 

Vat Red 1, 13% 

Vat Red 13, 11% 

Vat Red 32, 20% - 

All other 

Vat violet dyes, total 

Vat Violet 1, 11% • 

Vat Violet 2, 20% 

Vat Violet 9, 12% ■ 

Vat Violet 13, 6-1/4% 

All other 

Vat blue dyes, total : 

Vat Blue 4, 10% 

Vat Blue 6, 8-1/3%- 

Vat Blue 18, 13% — 

Vat Blue 20, 14% 

All other 

Vat green dyes, total 

Vat Green 1, 6% 

Vat Green 3, 10% 

Vat Green 8, 8-1/2% 

All other 

Vat brown dyes, total 

Vat Brown 1, 11% 

Vat Brown 3, 11% 

Vat. Brown 5, 13% 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 

18,542 



50,786 



7.516 



3,258 
1,862 
2,396 



2,002 
371 

251 

822 

1,069 

1,629 



261 
123 



17,303 



69 
3,129 



751 
12,866 



9,375 



3,667 
3,120 
1,063 
1,525 

3,542 



466 
1,087 



1,989 



1,000 
pounds 



17,740 



1,000 
dollars 



9,894 



10,258 
7,482 



3,256 
1,614 
1,965 

3,603 



1,263 
388 
22 
208 
839 
883 

1,160 



511 
242 
102 
305 



64 
244 



17,372 



57 

2,914 

663 

702 

13,036 

9,252 



3,743 

2,988 

980 

1,541 

3,746 



574 
990 



3,717 
6,177 



9,219 



3,654 

869 

74 

507 

1,607 

2,508 

2,668 



876 

359 

391 

1,042 

1,463 



670 
101 
207 
349 
136 

12,154 



119 
3,446 
1,263 
1,062 
6,264 

8,026 



2,825 

2,765 

993 

1,443 

6,915 



900 
1,861 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE l.--Benzenoid dyes: U.S. production and sales, 196 9- -Continued 



Dye 



Quantity 



Unit 
value' 



VAT DYES--Continued 



Vat black dyes, total -- 
Vat Black 25, 12-1/2% 
Vat Black 27, 12-1/2% 
All other 

All other dyes^ 



1,000 
pounds 



6,286 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



7,218 



3,243 

965 

2,078 



4,007 

916 

2,114 



3,378 
1,314 
2,526 

1,199 



Per 

pound 



' Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Production and sales quantities of "C.I. Leuco Sulfur" and "C.I. Solubilized Sulfur" dyes are reported in terms 
of the usual commercial concentration of the "C.I. Sulfur" dyes. 

' Includes oxidation bases, ingrain dyes, and miscellaneous dyes. Statistics for these groups of dyes may not be 
published separately because publication would disclose information received in confidence. 

TABLE lA. — Benzenoid dyes: U.S. production and sales, by class of application, 1969 



Class of application 



Quantity 



Unit 
value' 



Total 

Acid 

Azoic dyes and components ; 

Azoic compositions 

Azoic diazo components, bases (Fast color bases) — 
Azoic diazo components, salts (Fast color salts) — 
Azoic coupling components (Naphthol AS derivatives) 

Basic 

Direct 

Disperse 

Fiber-reactive 

Fluorescent brightening agents 

Food, drug, and cosmetic colors 

Mordant : 

Solvent 

Sulfur^ 

Vat 

All other' 



1,000 
pounds 



240,208 



24,538 

2,567 

1,188 

1,740 

2,199 

14,887 

37,841 

25,460 

2,428 

39,774 

4,264 

2,255 

11,192 

18,542 

50,786 

547 



1,000 



220,886 



1,000 
do I lars 



385,301 



21,685 

2,235 

989 

1,728 

2,104 

13,754 

34,399 

23,104 

2,219 

33,394 

3,985 

2,220 

11,133 

17,740 

49,624 

573 



52,305 

3,619 

1,433 

1,559 

3,703 
39,313 
54,333 
57,812 

9,711 
55,339 
14,263 

3,607 
19,362 

9,894 
57,849 

1,199 



Per 
pound 



$1.74 



2.41 

1.62 
1.45 

.90 
1.76 
2.86 
1.58 
2.50 
4.38 
1.66 
3.58 
1.62 
1.74 

.56 
1.17 
2.09 



Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Production and sales quantities of "C.I. Leuco Sulfur" and "C.I. Solubilized Sulfur" dyes are reported in terms 
of the usual commercial concentration of the "C.I. Sulfur" dyes. 

' Includes oxidation bases, ingrain dyes, and miscellaneous dyes. Statistics for these groups of dyes may not be 
published separately because publication would disclose information received in confidence. 



BENZENOID DYES 67 

TABLE IB. — Benzenoid dyes: U.S. production and sales, by chemical class, 1969 



Chemical class 



Quantity 



Unit 
value' 



1,000 



Total 

Anthraquinone — 

Azo, total 

Monazo 

Disazo 

Trisazo 

Polyazo 

Not specified- 

Azoic 

Cyanine 

Indigoid 

Me thine 

Nitro 

Oxjzine 

Phthalocyanine-- 

Quinoline 

Stilbene 

Sulfur^- - 

Thiazine 

Thiazole 

Tri aiy Ime thane- - 

Xanthene 

All other^ 



51,839 
75,587 



32,628 
24,510 
10,695 
2,237 
5,517 

7,694 

514 

5,221 

3,010 

2,250 

356 

1,978 

1,613 

40,995 

18,542 

526 

7,415 

1,382 

21,286 



1,000 
pounds 



48,816 
68,660 



29,380 

22,676 

9,481 

1,997 

5,126 

7,056 

501 

5,571 

2,655 

1,945 

330 

1,825 

1,417 

34,674 

17,740 

620 

456 

6,774 

925 

20,921 



1,000 
dollars 



385,301 



98,476 
137,194 



66,589 
44,127 
10,175 
3,426 
12,877 

10,314 
3,765 
3,572 
8,223 
3,219 
1,355 
4,506 
4,747 

47,164 
9,894 
1,283 
1,190 

15,543 
5,317 

29 , 539 



Per 
pound 

$1.74 



2.00 



2.27 
1.95 
1.07 
1.72 
2.51 

1.46 

7.51 

.64 



3.10 
1.66 
4.11 
2.47 
3.35 
1.36 
.56 
2.07 
2.61 
2.29 
5.75 
1.41 



' Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Production and sales quantities of "C.l. Leuco Sulfur" and "C.I. Solubilized Sulfur" dyes are reported in 
terms of the usual commercial concentration of the "C.l. Sulfur" dyes. 

Includes production and sales of acridine, aminoketone, azine, coumarin, indophenol., ketone imine, nitroso, 
oxidation bases, vat sulfur, and miscellaneous dyes; and production of thiazine dyes. Statistics for these 
groups of dyes may not be published separately because publication would disclose information received in 
confidence. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. --Benzenoid dyes: Items for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1969 



[Dyes for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an asterisk (*); dyes not so marked 
do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published. Manu- 
facturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 3. An x signifies that the manufacturer did not 
consent to his identification with the designated product ] 



Dye 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
Caccording to list in table 3) 



*Acid yellow dyes: 

Acid Yellow 1 

Acid Yellow 2 

Acid Yellow 3 

Acid Yellow 4 

*Acid Yellow 11-— 

Acid Yellow 14 

*Acid Yellow 17 

*Acid Yellow 23 

Acid Yellow 25 ■ — 

Acid Yellow 29 

Acid Yellow 34 

*Acid Yellow 36 

Acid Yellow 38 

*Acid Yellow 40 

*Acid Yellow 42 

*Acid Yellow 44 

Acid Yellow 49 

*Acid Yellow 54 

Acid Yellow 59 

Acid Yellow 60 

Acid Yellow 63- 

Acid Yellow 65 

*Acid Yellow 73 

*Acid Yellow 76 

Acid Yellow 79 

*Acid Yellow 99 

Acid Yellow 114 

Acid Yellow 121 

*Acid Yellow 124 

Acid Yellow 127- 

Acid Yellow 128 

Acid Yellow 129 

*Acid Yellow 151 

Acid Yellow 152 

Acid Yellow 159 

Acid Yellow 174 

Acid Yellow 175 

Other acid yellow dyes- 
*Acid orange dyes : 

*Acid Orange 1 

Acid Orange 2 

Acid Orange 5 

Acid Orange 6 

*Acid Orange 7 

*Acid Orange 8 

*Acid Orange 10 

Acid Orange 11 

Acid Orange 12 

Acid Orange 19 

*Acid Orange 24 

Acid Orange 31 

Acid Orange 45 

Acid Orange 50 

Acid Orange 51 

Acid Orange 52 

Acid Orange 56 

*Acid Orange 60 

Acid Orange 62 



ACY 
DUP 
ACS 
SDU, 
ATL 
TRC 
ACS 
AAP 
GAF 
GAP 
ACS 
ACS 
ACS 
ATL 
AAP 
AAP 
VPC 
ACS 
VPC 
FAD 
AAP 
ACS 
ACS 
ACS 
VPC 
ACS 
CMC 
GAF 
ACS 
TRC 
ALT 
TRC 
ACY 
ACY 
ACS 
DUP 
DUP 
ACY 

ATL 
ACS 
ACY 
ACS 
AAP 
ACS 
ACS 
SDH, 
ACS 
GAF 
ACS 
AAP 
ACS 
AAP 
CMG 
ACS 
GAF 
CMG 
TRC 



ACY, DUP. 

EDO, OIG, 

ACY, ATL, 
ACS, ACY, 

TRC. 

ATL, PDC. 

DUP, GAF, 
GAF. 

DUP, TRC, 

ACY, GAF, 

ACS, GAF, 



EDO, aiG, DUP, PDC, SDU, TCD, TRC, VPC. 
GAF, MRX, PDC, SDU, TRC, VPC, WJ. 



VPC. 
VPC. 
VPC. 



ACY, OIG, GAF, TCD, TRC, VPC. 



ACS, YAW. 
ALT, TRC. 
DUP, GAF, 
GAF, TRC. 



OJG, GAF, 
TRC. 

ATL, DUP, 

TRC. 

ATL, DUP, 

ALT, FAE, 

ALT, OIG, 
GAF, TCD. 



ACS, ACY, 
ACY, ATL, 
ACY, ATL, 



ACY, DUP, 
TRC. 



DUP, TRC. 
ATL. 



TRC, VPC. 



FAE, TCD, TRC, VPC. 
TRC. 



DUP, GAF, TRC, VPC. 



ATL, CPC, GAF, KON, .PDC, TCD, TRC, YAtt. 

DUP, GAF. TCD, TRC. 

DUP, GAF, PDC, SDU, TRC, VPC, YAW. 



GAF, TRC, YAW. 



DUP, FAB, GAF, TCD, TRC. 



BENZENOID DYES 

TABLE 2.--Benzenoid dyes: Items for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, Identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Dye 



ACID DYES— Continued 

*Acid orange dyes — Continued 

Acid Orange 63 

Acid Orange 64 

Acid Orange 69 

Acid Orange 72 

*Acid Orange 74 

Acid Orange 76 

Acid Orange 85 

Acid Orange 86 

*Acid Orange 116 

Acid Orange 119 

Acid Orange 128 

Acid Orange 132 

Other acid orange dyes 

*Acid red dyes : 

*Acid Red 1 

*Acid Red 4 

*Acid Red 14--- 

*Acid Red 17 

*Acid Red 18 

*Acid Red 26 

Acid Red 27 

Acid Red 32 

Acid Red 33 

Acid Red 34 

Acid Red 35 

*Acid Red 37 

Acid Red 42 

Acid Red 52 

Acid Red 57 

Acid Red 66 

*Acid Red 73 - 

Acid Red 80-— - 

*Acid Red 85 

Acid Red 87 

*Acid Red 88 

*Acid Red 89 

Acid Red 97 

Acid Red 98 

*Acid Red 99 

Acid Red 100 

Acid Red 106 

Acid Red 111 

Acid Red 113 

*Acid Red 114 . 

*Acid Red 115 

*Acid Red 119 

Acid Red 133 

Acid Red 134 

*Acid Red 137 

Acid Red 138 

*Acid Red 151 

Acid Red 154 

Acid Red 167 

Acid Red 175 

Acid Red 178 

Acid Red 179 

*Acid Red 182 

Acid Red 183 

*Acid Red 186 

Acid Red 191 

Acid Red 194 

Acid Red 201 

Acid Red 207 

Acid Red 211 

Acid Red 212 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



GAP, TRC. 

ACS, ACY, DUP. 

ACY. 

GAF. 

ACS, OIG, GAF, TRC. 

ACS, TRC. 

ACS. 

ACS, ALT, TRC. 

ACS, ALT, ATL, FAB, GAF, TCD, TRC, YAW. 

TRC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

ALT, TRC, yPC. 

ACS, ACY, ATL, EDO, DUP, GAF, SDH, TCD, TRC 
yPC, YAW. 

AAP, ATL, BDO, OIG, DUP, GAF, PDC, TRC, VPC. 

ACS, ATL, DUP, GAF, PDC, YAW. 

ACS, ATL, TRC, YAVf. 

ACS, ACY, ATL, GAF, PDC, TRC. 

ACS, ACY, ATL, CPC, GAF. 

ACS. 

GAF. 

YAW. 

ACS. 

AAP, GAF. 

ACS, OIG, DUP, GAF, TCD, TRC. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

ATL, TRC. 

AAP, ATL, YAW. 

ACS, ACY, ATL, DUP, GAF, PSC, TRC, YAW. 

GAF, ICI. 

ACS, ACY, ATL, OJG, DUP, GAF, PDC, TCD, TRC, VPC, YAW. 

SDH. 

ACS, ACY, ATL, DUP, GAF, TRC, YAW. 

AAP, BDO, GAF, TCD, VPC. 

ATL, GAF. 

VPC. 

ATL, OIG, FAB, TCD, TRC, YAK. 

VPC. 

YAW. 

ATL. 

DUP. 

ACS, ALT, ATL, DUP, GAF, PDC, TRC. 

ACS, ATL, GAF. 

ACS, ALT, ATL. 

GAF. 

DUP, TRC. 

ACS, ATL, DUP, GAF, TRC. 

ALT. 

AAP, ACY, ALT, ATL, DUP, TCD, TRC, VPC, YAW. 

VPC. 

ACS, DUP, TRC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

CMC, TRC. 

ACS, ACY, BDO, OJG, DUP, GAF, TCD. 

OJG, TRC. 

ATL, OJG, GAF, yPC. 

ATL, TRC. 

TRC. 

ATL, TRC. 

ACS. 

DUP. 

TRC. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 

TABLE 2.--Benzenoid dyes: Items for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported,, identified by manufacturer, 1969- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
Caccording to list in table 3) 



ACID DYES — Continued 

*Acid red dyes — Continued 

Acid Red 213 

Acid Red 217 

Acid Red 266 

Acid Red 292 

Acid Red 299 

Acid Red 309 

Acid Red 337 

Acid Red 345 

Other acid red dyes 

*Acid violet dyes: 

♦Acid Violet 1 

*Acid Violet 3 

Acid Violet 6 

♦Acid Violet 7 -- 

♦Acid Violet 12 

Acid Violet 17 

Acid Violet 29 

Acid Violet 34 

Acid Violet 41 

Acid Violet 43 

♦Acid Violet 49 

Acid Violet 56 

Acid Violet 76 

Other acid violet dyes 

♦Acid blue dyes: 

Acid Blue 1 

♦Acid Blue 7 

♦Acid Blue 9 

Acid Blue 10 

Acid Blue 15 

Acid Blue 20 

Acid Blue 23 

♦Acid Blue 25 

Acid Blue 27 

Acid Blue 29 

Acid Blue 34 

♦Acid Blue 40— 

♦Acid Blue 41 

Acid Blue 43 

♦Acid Blue 45 

Acid Blue 47 

Acid Blue 48 ^ 

Acid Blue 58 

♦Acid Blue 62 

Acid Blue 63 

Acid Blue 67 

Acid Blue 69 

Acid Blue 74 

♦Acid Blue 78 

Acid Blue 80 

Acid Blue 81 

Acid Blue 83 

Acid Blue 89 

Acid Blue 90 

Acid Blue 92 

Acid Blu.3 93 

Acid Blue 102 

Acid Blue 104 

♦Acid Blue 113 

♦Acid Blue 118 

♦Acid Blue 120 

Acid Blue 122 

Acid Blue 145 

♦Acid Blue 158 and 1S8A 



TRC. 
















ALT. 
















DUP, 


TRC. 














ACY. 
















ACS, 


ALT, 


GAF, 


TRC. 










TRC. 
















DUP. 
















DUP. 
















ALT, 


CMC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TCD, 


TRC, 


VPC. 




ACS, 


BDO, 


CMG, 


GAF. 










ACS, 


ACY. 


TRC, 


YAW. 










ACS. 
















AAP, 


ACS, 


ATL, 


BDO, 


OIG, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC, VPC. 


EDO, 


CMC, 


DUP, 


GAF. 










DUP, 


GAF, 


SDH. 












IISU. 
















DUP, 


ICI. 














OK. 
















USE, 


ICI. 














ACS, 


ACY, 


SDH, 


TRC. 










GAP. 
















ACS. 
















GAF. 
















ACS, 


GAF, 


SDU. 












ACS, 


ACY, 


GAF, 


SDH. 










ACS, 


ACY, 


GAF, 


SDH, 


VPC. 








ACS. 
















GAF. 
















ACS. 
















ACS, 


TRC. 














ACS, 


ATL, 


BDO, 


OJG, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC, 


VPC. 


BDO, 


OIG, 


GAF. 












YAU. 
















ACS. 
















ACS, 


ALT, 


ATL, 


BDO, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


ICI. 




ACS, 


BDO, 


OIG, 


GAF. 










ACS, 


ACY, 


GAF, 


TRC. 










ACS, 


ACY, 


ATL, 


CMG, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TCD, 


TRC. 


ICl. 
















use. 
















DUP. 
















ACS, 


ALT, 


BDO, 


GAF, 


VPC. 








CNIG. 
















OIG. 
















GAF. 
















ACS, 


DUP. 














ACS, 


ATL, 


BDO, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


ICI, 


TRC. 




ACS, 


TRC. 














ICI. 
















GAF. 
















ACS. 
















ACS, 


GAF, 


TRC. 












ACS, 


YAW. 














ACY 


use 














ACS 


TRC. 














ACS, 


GAF. 














ACS 


ATL 


BDO, 


CMG, 


DUP, 


FAB, 


GAF, 


PDC, TCD, TRC 


ACS 


ATL 


GAF, 


TCD. 










ACS, 


ATL 


GAF 












DUP 
















ACS 


DUP 














ACS 


ACY, 


BDO, 


GAF, 


TCD, 


TRC 


VPC. 





BENZENOID DYES 

TABLE 2. --Benzenoid dyes: Items for which U. S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Dye 



ACID DYES— Continued 

*Acid blue dyes — Continued 

Acid Blue 165 

Acid Blue 179— - 

Acid Blue 198 

Acid Blue 203 

Acid Blue 221 

*Acid Blue 230 

Acid Blue 231 

Acid Blue 232 

Acid Blue 255 

Acid Blue 263 

Other acid blue dyes 

*Acid green dyes: 

*Acid Green 1 

*Acid Green 3 

Acid Green 5 

*Acid Green 9 

Acid Green 12 

*Acid Green 16 

*Acid Green 20 

Acid Green 22 

*Acid Green 25 

Acid Green 35 

Acid Green 41 

Acid Green 44 

Acid Green 50 

Acid Green 58 

Acid Green 70 

Acid Green 84 

Other acid green dyes 

*Acid brown dyes: 

Acid Brown 1 

Acid Brown 6 

*Acid Brown 14 

Acid Brown 19 

Acid Brown 22 

Acid Brown 28 

Acid Brown 29 

Acid Brown 31 

Acid Brown 45 

Acid Brown 96 

Acid Brown 97 

Acid Brown 98 ■ 

Acid Brown 152 

Acid Brown 158 

Acid Brown 223 

Acid Brown 243 

Other acid brown dyes — - 

*Acid black dyes: 

*Acid Black 1 

Acid Black 2. 

Acid Black 12 

*Acid Black 24 

Acid Black 26, 26A, and 26B 

Acid Black 29 

Acid Black 41 

*Acid Black 48 

*Acid Black 52 

Acid Black 58 

*Acid Black 60 

Acid Black 92 

*Acid Black 107 

Acid Black 108 

Acid Black 138 

Other acid black dyes 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



DUP 


















GAF 


















VPC 


















VPC 


















VPC 


















ACS 


DUP 


TRC 














TRC 


















VPC. 


















DUP 


















DUP. 


















ACY, 


ALT 


ATL, 


OIG, 


GAF, 


TCD, 


TRC, 


VPC. 




ACS, 


ACY 


DUP 














ACS, 


ACY 


GAF, 


TRC. 












GAF. 


















ACS, 


ACY, 


GAF. 














ACS, 


GAF. 
















ACS, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


SDH, 


TRC. 










ACS, 


ATL 


BDO, 


GAF, 


PDC, 


TRC. 








GAF. 


















ACS, 


ATL, 


OIG, 


GAF, 


HSH, 


ICI, 


TRC, 


VPC. 




TRC. 


















ICI, 


VPC. 
















VPC. 


















ACY, 


GAF. 
















TRC. 


















TRC. 


















VPC. 


















ALT, 


VPC. 
















GAF. 


















GAF. 


















AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC, 


YABT. 






TRC. 


















DUP. 


















TRC. 


















DUP. 


















GAF. 


















TRC. 


















ACY. 


















ACY. 


















ACY, 


TRC, 


YAU. 














GAF. 


















GAF. 


















GAF. 


















GAF. 


















CMC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


YAW. 












AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY, 


ATL, 


DUP, 


FAB, 


GAF, 


HSH, PDC, TCD 


TRC, YAW. 














ACS, 


ACY. 
















ACS. 


















ACS, 


OJG, 


DUP, 


GAF. 












ACS, 


ATL, 


DUP, 


TRC. 












ACS, 


GAF. 
















ACS. 


















ACY, 


CMC, 


GAF, 


ICI, 


TRC. 










ACS, 


ATL, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TCD, 


TRC. 








DUP, 


TRC. 
















BDO, 


OJG, 


TRC. 














ACY. 


















ACS, 


GAF, 


TRC. 














GAF. 


















VPC. 


















ALT, 


DUP, 


PDC, 


TCD. 













SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. — Benzenoid dyes: Items for which U. S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
^according to list in table 3) 



AZOIC DYES AND COMPONENTS 

Azoic Compositions 

Azoic yellow dyes: 

Azoic Yellow 1 

*Azoic Yellow 2 

Azoic Yellow 3 

Azoic orange dyes: 

*Azoic Orange 3 

Azoic Orange 4 

Azoic Orange 10 

*Azoic red dyes: 

*Azoic Red 1 

*Azoic Red 2 

*Azoic Red 6 

Azoic Red 13 

Azoic Red 15 

Azoic Red 16 

Azoic Red 73 

Azoic Red 74 

Other azoic red dyes 

Azoic violet dyes: Azoic Violet 1 

Azoic blue dyes: 

Azoic Blue 2 

*Azoic Blue 3 

Azoic Blue 6 

Azoic Blue 7 

Other azoic blue dyes 

Azoic green dyes: 

Azoic Green 1 

Other azoic green dyes 

Azoic brown dyes: 

Azoic Brown 3 

Azoic Brown 7 

*Azoic Brown 9 

Azoic Brown 10 

Azoic Brown 26 

Other azoic brown dyes 

*Azoic black dyes: 

Azoic Black 1 

Azoic Black 4 

Azoic Black IS 

Other azoic black dyes 

Azoic Diazo Components, Bases 
(Fast Color Bases) 

Azoic Diazo Component 1, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 2, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 3, base 

*Azoic Diazo Component 4, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 5, base 

*Azoic Diazo Component 8, base--- 

*Azoic Diazo Component 9, base 

*Azoic Diazo Component 10, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 11, base 

*Azoic Diazo Component 12, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 13, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 14, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 20, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 28, base 

*Azoic Diazo Component 32, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 34, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 41, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 42, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 44, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 46, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 48, base •• — 



ALL, 


ATL. 






ALL, 


ATL, 


BUC, 


X. 


ATL, 


BUC. 






ALL, 


ATL, 


BUC, 


GAF, X. 


GAF. 








BUC. 








ALL, 


ATL, 


BUC, 


GAF, X. 


ALL, 


ATL, 


BUC, 


GAF, X. 


ALL, 


ATL, 


BUC, 


X. 


GAF. 








ATL, 


GAF. 






ATL. 








GAF. 








GAF. 








ALL, 


GAF, 


X. 




ATL, 


BUC, 


GAF. 




ATL, 


BUC, 


GAF. 




ALL, 


ATL, 


GAF, 


HST, X. 


ATL. 








ATL, 


GAF. 






ALL. 








ATL 


GAF 






VPC 








X. 








BUC. 








ALL 


BUC, 


GAF 


HST, VPC 


BUC 








GAF 








GAF, 


VPC 






HST 








ATL 


BUC 


GAF 




GAF 








ALL 


GAF 


PCW 


VPC. 



ALL, 


ATL. 




BUC. 






ALL, 


BUC, GAF, 


SDH. 


ALL, 


GAF, SDH. 




ALL, 


DUP, SDH. 




AAP, 


DUP, VPC. 




ALL, 


BUC, GAF. 




ALL, 


PCW. 




ALL, 


BUC, PCW, 


SDH. 


ALL, 


BUC, SDH. 




AAP. 






ALL. 






ALL 


BUC. 




AAP, 


ALL, ATL, 


BUC, DUP, SDH 


GAF. 






GAF. 






PCW. 






iUC 






A.-L. 






cira. 


GAF. 





BENZENOID DYES 



73 



TABLE 2. — Benzenoid dyes: Items for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Dye 



AZOIC DYES AND COMPONENTS— Continued 

Azoic Diazo Components, Salts 
(Fast Color Salts) 

*Azoic Diazo Component 1, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 2, salt 

*Azoic Diazo Component 3, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 4, salt 

*Azoic Diazo Component 5, salt 

*Azoic Diazo Component 6, salt 

*Azoic-Diazo Component 8, salt 

*Azoic Diazo Component 9, salt 

*Azoic Diazo Component 10, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 11, salt 

*Azoic Diazo Component 12, salt 

*Azoic Diazo Component 13, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 14, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 20, salt 

*Azoic Diazo Component 28, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 32, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 34, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 35, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 35, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 37, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 41, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 42, salt 

*Azoic Diazo Component 44, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 48, salt 

*Azoic Diazo Component 49, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 121, salt 

Other azoic diazo components, salts 

Azoio Coupling Components 
(Naphthol AS and Derivatives) 

Azoic Coupling Component 2 

*Azoic Coupling Component 3 

*Azoic Coupling Component 4 

Azoic Coupling Component 5 

*Azoic Coupling Component 7 

*Azoic Coupling Component 8 

Azoic Coupling Component 10 

Azoic Coupling Component 11 

Azoic Coupling Component 12 

Azoic Coupling Component 13 

*Azoic Coupling Component 14 

Azoic Coupling Component 15 

Azoic Coupling Component 16 

Azoic Coupling Component 17 

*Azoic Coupling Component 18 

Azoic Coupling Component 19 

Azoic Coupling Component 20 

Azoic Coupling Component 21 

Azoic Coupling Component 23 

Azoic Coupling Component 24 

*Azoic Coupling Component 29 

*Azoic Coupling Component 34 

Azoic Coupling Component 35 

Azoic Coupling Component 36 

*Azoic Coupling Component 43 

Azoic Coupling Component 44 

Other azoic coupling components 

BASIC DYES 

*Basic yellow dyes: 

Basic Yellow 1 

♦Basic Yellow 2 

*Basic Yellow 11 

♦Basic Yellow 13—^ — 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
Caccording to list in tables) 



ALL, 


GAP, 


SDH. 






ALL, 


GAP. 








AAP, 


ALL, 


BUC, 


GAP, 


SDH 


ALL. 










AAP, 


ALL, 


BUC, 


GAP, 


SDH 


AAP, 


BUG, 


GAP. 






AAP, 


ALL, 


BUC, 


GAP. 




AAP, 


ALL, 


BUC, 


GAP, 


SDH 


ALL, 


BUG, 


GAP. 






AAP. 










AAP, 


ALL, 


BUC, 


GAP, 


SDH 


AAP, 


ALL, 


BUC, 


GAP, 


SDH 


AAP. 










ALL, 


GAP. 








ALL, 


BUG, 


GAP, 


SDH. 




ALL, 


SDH. 








ALL, 


GAP. 








ALL, 


GAP. 








AAP, 


GAP. 








GAP. 










GAP. 
ALL, 
ALL, 


GAP. 
BUC, 


GAP. 






SDH. 










AAP, 


ALL, 


BUC, 


GAP, 


SDH. 


GAP. 










SDH. 











ATL, 


BOC, 


GAP, 


PCW 


BUC 


GAP 


PCW. 




ATL, 


BUC, 


GAP, 


PCW 


PCW 








AAP, 


BUC, 


PCW, 


SDH. 


ATL, 


BUC, 


GKF. 


PCW. 


ATL, 


PCW. 






BUC, 


PCW. 






BUC, 


GAP, 


PCW. 




GAP, 


PCW. 






ATL, 


BUC, 


GAP, 


PCW. 


BUC, 


GAP, 


PCW. 




BUC, 


GAP, 


pav. 




ATL, 


BUC, 


PCW. 




ATL, 


BUC, 


GAP, 


PCW. 


GAP. 


PCW. 






BUG, 


PCW. 






ATL, 


BUC, 


PCW. 




PCW. 








GAP, 


PCW. 






ATL, 


BUC, 


PCW. 




ATL, 


BUC, 


PCW. 




GAP, 


PCW. 






GAP. 








ATL, 


BUC, 


GAP. 


PCW. 


PCW. 








ATL, 


GAP, 


VPC. 





DUP. 

ACS, ACY, DUP. 

ACS, ACY, ATL, DUP, GAP, TRC, VPC. 
ACS, ATL, DUP, GAP, VPC. 
JMm 



74 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2.--Benzenoid dyes: Items for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3^ 



BASIC DYES- -Continued 

*Basic yellow dyes--Continued 

Basic Yellow 16 

Basic Yellow 21 

Basic Yellow 24 

Basic Yellow 25 

Basic Yellow 26 

Basic Yellow 28 

Basic Yellow 29 

Basic Yellow 31 

Basic Yellow 37 

Basic Yellow 41 

Other basic yellow dyes 

*Basic orange dyes: 

*Basic Orange 1 

*Basic Orange 2 

Basic Orange 14 

Basic Orange 17 

*Basic Orange 21 

Basic Orange 22 

Basic Orange 24 

Basic Orange 25 

Basic Orange 26 

Basic Orange 27 

Basic Orange 31 

*Basic red dyes: 

Basic Red 1 

Basic Red 2 

*Basic Red 9 

Basic Red 12 

*Basic Red 13 

*Basic Red 14 

Basic Red 15 

Basic Red 16 

Basic Red 17 

*Basic Red 18 

Basic Red 19 

Basic Red 22 

Basic Red 29 

Basic Red 30 

Basic Red 48 

Basic Red 49 

Other basic red dyes 

*Basic violet dyes; 

*Basic Violet 1 

Basic Violet 2 

Basic Violet 3 

*Basic Violet 4 

Basic .Violet 7 

*Basic Violet 10 

Basic Violet 13 

Basic Violet 14 

Basic Violet 15 

♦Basic Violet 16 

Basic Violet 18 

Basic Violet 20 

Basic Violet 24 

*Basic blue dyes: 

*Basic Blue 1 

Basic Blue 2 

Basic Blue 3 

*Basic Blue S 

Basic Blue 6 

•Basic Blue 7 

*Basic Blue 9 

Basic Blue 11 

Basic Blue 21 

Basic Blue 22 

Basic Blue 26 

Basic Blue 35 

Basic Blue 39 



VPC. 












BAS. 












BAS. 












ACY. 












VPC. 
DUP, 


VPC. 










DUP. 












ACY, 


DUP. 










ACY. 












ATL, 


DUP, 


VPC. 








ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 




ACS, 


ACY, 


DSC, 


DUP, 


GAF, PSC, TRC 


GAF. 












ACS. 












ATL, 


ACS, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


VPC. 




ACS, 


GAF. 










DUP. 












DUP. 












DUP. 












VPC. 












ACY. 












BAS, 


DUP. 










ACS, 


DUP. 










ACY, 


DSC, 


HSC. 








ACY, 


DUP. 










ACS, 


ATL, 


GAF, 


TRC, 


VPC. 




ACS, 


ATL, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


VPC. 




DUP, 


GAF. 










DUP. 












DUP. 












DUP, 


GAF, 


VPC. 








DUP. 












ACY, 


TRC. 










BAS. 












ACY. 












DUP. 












DUt>. 












GAF, 


TRC, 


VPC. 








ACS, 


ACY. 


DSC, 


DUP, 


HSC. 




DSC, 


DUP. 










ACS, 


DSC, 


DUP, 


SDH. 






ACS, 


DSC, 


DUP. 








GAF. 












ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF. 








DSC. 












ACY, 


DSC. 










DUP. 












ATL, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC, 


VPC. 




ACY. 












VPC. 












DUP. 












GAF, 


SDH, 


VPC. 








DSC. 












ACY, 


DSC, 


DUP, 


GAF. 






:dsc. 


GAF, 


SDH, 


VPC. 






ACS, 


ACY. 










DSC, 


DUP, 


SDH. 








ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


SDH. 






DSC, 


SDH. 










DUP. 












ACS, 


DUP, 


VPC. 








DUP, 


SDH. 










DUP. 












DUP. 













BENZENOID DYES 



75 



TABLE 2,--Benzenoid dyes: Items for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Dye 



BASIC DYES — Continued 



♦Basic blue dyes — Continue 
Basic Blue 41 

Basic Blue 45 - — 

Basic Blue 47 

Basic Blue 54 — - 

Basic Blue 69 

Basic Blue 75 

Basic Blue 76 

Basic Blue 82 

Basic Blue 87 

Other basic blue dyes-- 
Basic green dyes: 

*Basic Green 1 

Basic Green 3 

*Basic Green 4 

Basic Green 7 

Other basic green dyes- 
Basic brown dyes: 

*Basic Brown 1 

Basic Brown 2 

*Basic Brown 4 

Basic black dyes 



DIRECT DYES 



*Direct yellow dyes: 

*Direct Yellow 4 

*Direct Yellow 5 

*Direct Yellow 6 

Direct Yellow 7 

*Direct Yellow 8 

Direct Yellow 9 

♦Direct Yellow 11 

*Direct Yellow 12 

Direct Yellow 20 

Direct Yellow 23 

*Direct Yellow 26 

Direct Yellow 27 

*Direct Yellow 28 

*Direct Yellow 29 

Direct Yellow 39 

Direct Yellow 41 

*Direct Yellow 44 

'Direct Yellow 50 

Direct Yellow 59 

Direct Yellow 63 

Direct Yellow 81 

♦Direct Yellow 84 

Direct Yellow 103-* 

♦Direct Yellow 105 

♦Direct Yellow 106 

Direct Yellow 107 

Direct Yellow 114 

Direct Yellow 117 

Direct Yellow 118 

Direct Yellow 119 

Direct Yellow 120 

Direct Yellow 121 

Direct Yellow 125 

Direct Yellow 127 

Direct Yellow 128 

Other direct yellow dyes- 
♦Direct orange dyes: 

♦Direct Orange 1 

Direct Orange 6 

♦Direct Orange 8 

Direct Orange 10 

Direct Orange 11 

♦Direct Orange 15 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table i) 



TRC. 

VPC. 

VPC. 

ACY. BAS. 

VPC. 

EKT. 

ACY. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP, GAP, VPC. 



ACS, 


ACY, 


DSC, 


DUP, 


SDH. 






DUP. 














ACS, 


ACY, 


DSC, 


DUP, 


SDH. 






DSC. 














DUP, 


VPC. 












ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAP, 


TRC. 






GAP. 














ACS, 


ACY, 


DSC, 


DUP, 


GAP, 


PSC, 


TRC 


DSC, 


VPC. 













ACS, 
ACS, 
ACS, 
ATL. 
ACS, 
ATL. 
ACS, 
ACS, 
TRC. 
DUP. 
ALT, 
GAP. 
ACS, 
ATL, 
TRC. 
ATL. 
ACS, 
ACS, 
ACS, 
DUP. 
ATL. 
ACS. 
ACS. 
ACS, 
ACS, 
GAP. 
ACY. 
TRC. 
TRC. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
TRC. 
ACY. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
AAP,' 



ACY, ATL, DUP, GAP, TCD, TRC, VPC. 

ACY, GAP. 

ACY, ATL, DUP, GAP, TRC. 

ATL, GAP. 

DUP. 

ACY, DUP, GAP, TCD, TRC, VPC. 

ATL, DUP, FAB, GAP, TRC. 



ATL, DUP, GAP, PDC, TRC. 
DUP, GAP. 



ALT, ATL, DUP, FAB, GAP, HSM, TCD, TRC, VPC. 
ATL, DUP, FAB, GAF, HSH, TCD, TRC, VPC. 
DUP. 



ATL, DUP. FAB, TCD, TRC. 



ALT, GAF, TCD, TRC. 

ALT, FAB, GAF, TCD, TRC, YAW. 



ALT, ATL, DUP, GAF, HSH, TRC, VPC. 



AAP, ACS, ALT, ATL, CMC, VPC. 

ACS. 

ACS, ATL, DUP, GAF, TRC, YAW. 

AAP, ACS. 

GAF. 

ACS, ACY, DUP, GAF, TRC. 



76 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2,--Benzenoid dyes: Items for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1969— Continued 



Dye 



DIRECT DYES--Continued 



*Direct orange dyes — Continue 

*Direct Orange 26 

*Direct Orange 29-7 

*Direct Orange 34 

♦Direct Orange 37 

*Direct Orange 39 

Direct Orange 59 

Direct Orange 61 

Direct Orange 67 

Direct Orange 70 

•Direct Orange 72 

Direct Orange 73 

Direct Orange 74 

Direct Orange 78 

Direct Orange 79 

Direct Orange 80 

'Direct Orange 81 

Direct Orange 83 

Direct Orange 88 

♦Direct Orange 102 

Direct Orange 110 

Other direct orange dyes- 
*Direct red dyes : 

♦Direct Red 1 

♦Direct Red 2 

♦Direct Red 4 

Direct Red 5 

♦Direct Red 10 

♦Direct Red 13 

♦Direct Red 16 

Direct Red 20 

♦Direct Red 23 

♦Direct Red 24 

♦Direct Red 26 

♦Direct Red 28 

♦Direct Red 31 

Direct Red 32 

rect Red 37 

irect Red 39 

irect Red 62 

irect Red 67 

irect Red 72 

Direct Red 73 

'Direct Red 75 

Direct Red 76 

'Direct Red 79 

'Direct Red 80—- 

'Direct Red 81 



*D: 



♦Direct Red 83 

Direct Red 84 

2ct Red 95 

Direct Red 111 

Direct Red 117 

♦Direct Red 122 

Direct Red 123 

Direct Red 127 and 127A- 
Direct Red 139 

'Direct Red 149 

Direct Red 152 

Direct Red 153 

Direct Red 155 

Direct Red 209 

Direct Red 212 

Other direct red dyes 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
[according to list in table 3) 



CMC, DUP, 
ATL, DUP, 



ACS, ATL, CMC, DUP 

ATL, FAB, TCD, TRC 

ACS, ATL, CMC, DUP 

ACY, ATL, 

ACY, ALT, 

DUP, GAF. 

TRC. 

ACS, VPC. 

TRC. 

ACS, ALT, ATL, FAB, 

DUP, GAF, TRC. 

DUP, HSH. 

VPC. 

DUP. 

DUP, VPC. 

DUP, GAF, VPC. 

GAF. 

DUP. 

ACS, ACY, ATL, DUP, 

TRC. 

ALT, DUP, VPC. 

AAP, ACS, ATL, DUP, 

ATL, DUP, FAB, TCD, 

ACS, ATL, TRC, VPC. 

ACS. 

AAP, ACS, ATL. 

ACS, ATL, DUP, GAF, 

ACS, ATL, DUP, GAF, 

GAF. 

ACS, ATL, CMC, DUP, 

AAP, ATL, FAB, HSH, 

AAP, ACS, ATL, DUP, 

ACS, ATL, DUP, FAB, 

ACS, ATL, DUP, GAF, 

ACS', DUP. 

ACS, ACY, ATL, DUP, 

ACS, ATL, DUP, GAF, 

ATL, TRC. 

ACS. 

ACS, GAF, TRC. 

ACS, ATL, DUP. 

ACS, CMC, DUP, GAF. 

GAF. 

ATL, CMG, TCD, TRC, 

AAP, ACS, ATL, EDO, 

AAP, ACS, ACY, ALT, 

TRC, VPC, YAW. 
ACS, ALT, ATL, CMC, 
ATL, TCD. 
VPC. 
GAF. 
DUP. 

CMG, TRC, VPC. 
GAP. 
ATL. 

ATL, VPC. 

ATL, CMG, DUP, GAF. 
CMG, DUP. 
ATL. 
GAF. 

TRC, VPC. 
VPC. 
ALT, ATL, DUP, GAF, 



GAF, HSH, TRC. 

VPC. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

FAB, GAF, TCD. 



HSH, TCD, TRC, VPC. 



GAF, TRC, VPC, YAW. 
TRC. 



TRC, YAW. 
TRC. 

FAB, GAF, TCD, TRC, VPC. 

TCD, TRC, VPC. 

GAF, HSH, TCD, TRC, VPC. 

TRC, YAW. 

HSH, TRC. 



GAF, TRC, YAW. 
TRC, YAW. 



CMG, FAB, HSH, SDH, TCD, TRC, VPC. 
ATL, BDO, CMG, DUP, GAF, HSH, TCD, 



FAB, HSH, TCD,' TRC, VPC. 



HSH, TCD, TRC, YAW. 



BENZENOID DYES 



77 



TABLE 2. --Benzenoid dyes: Items for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



DIRECT DYES- -Continued 



'Direct vio! 

* Direct V: 

*Direct V 

♦Direct V: 

Direct V: 

Direct V: 

Direct V 

Direct V 

Direct V: 

Direct V: 

Direct V, 

•Direct blu 

*Direct B 



et dyes : 
olet 1-- 
olet 7-- 
olet 9-- 
olet 14- 
olet 22- 
olet 47- 
olet 51- 
olet 62- 
.olet 66- 
olet 67- 
! dyes: 
.ue 1 



♦Direct B 

♦Direct B 

♦Direct B 

Direct B 

Direct 

♦Direct 

♦Direct 

Direct 

♦Direct 

Direct 

Direct 

♦Direct 

♦Direct 

Direct 

Direct 

♦Direct 

♦Direct 

♦Direct 

Direct 

♦Direct 



ue 2 — 

ue 6-- 
ue 8-- 
ue 10- 
ue 14- 
ue 15- 
ue 22- 
ue 24- 
ue 25- 
ue 26- 
ue 44- 
ue 67- 
ue 71- 
ue 74- 
ue 75- 
ue 76- 
ue 78- 
ue 80- 
ue Sl- 
ue 86- 



AAP 
ACS 
ACS 
ACS 
DUP 
GAF 
ACS 
ACY 
ATL 
DUP 



AAP 
ACS 
GAF 
ACS 
ACS 
ACS 
ATL 
ACS 
ATL 
VPC 
ACS 
ACS 
DUP 
TRC 
ACS 
ACS 
ACS 
ATL 
AAP 



87- 



Direct B 

Direct Blue 91 

♦Direct Blue 98 

Direct Blue 100 

Direct Blue 104 

Direct Blue 108 

♦Direct Blue 120 and 120A- 

♦Direct Blue 126 

Direct Blue 133 

Direct Blue 136 

Direct Blue 143 

Direct Blue 151 

Direct Blue 160 

Direct Blue 189 

♦Direct Blue 191 

Direct Blue 199 

♦Direct Blue 218 ■» 

Direct Blue 224 

Direct Blue 238 

Direct Blue 263 

Other direct blue dyes 

♦Direct green dyes : 

♦Direct Green 1 

♦Direct Green 6 

Direct Green 8 

Direct Green 12 

Direct Green 15 

Direct Green 26 

Direct Green 27 

Direct Green 28 

Direct Green 38 

Direct Green 39 

Direct Green 41 

Direct Green 45 



AAP 
AAP 
ACS 
ACS 
DUP 
DUP 
DUP 
TRC 
DUP 
GAF 
DUP 
ATL 



ACS, ATL. 
ATL, GAF. 
ATL, DUP, GAF, TCD, TRC. 



DUP. 
TRC. 

ACS, ACY, ATL, DUP, FAB, GAF, TCD, TRC. 

:, YAW. 

ACS, ATL, DUP, FAB, GAF, HSH, TCD, TRC, VPC, 

(. 

ACS, ACY, ATL, DUP, GAF, HSH, TCD, TRC, YAW. 

ATL,. DUP, YAW. 

ATL, TRC. 

ATL, DUP, GAF, YAW. 

ATL, CMC, DUP. 

TCD, YAW. 

ATL, GAF, TRC, YAW. 



ATL, DUP, TRC. 
ATL, GAF, TRC. 



ALT, ATL, FAB, GAF, HSH, TCD, TRC, VPC, YAW. 

ATL, CMC, DUP, TRC. 

ALT, ATL, DUP, FAB, GAF, HSH, TCD, TRC. 



ACS, ACY, ALT, ATL, DUP, FAB, GAF, ICC, ICI, 
SDH, TCD, TRC, VPC. 
ICI. 
TRC 
ALT 
ALT 
DUP 
ATL 
ATL 
ATL 
GAF 
GAF 
DUP 
ATL 
TRC 
TCD 
AAP 
GAF 
ACS 
ATL 
ACY 
DUP 
ALT 



ATL, GAF, TRC, VPC. 
ATL, TCD. 



DUP, GAF, TCD, TRC. 
DUP, HSH, TRC, VPC. 



TRC. 

ACS, ALT, GAF. 



ALT, ATL, DUP, FAB, GAF, TCD, TRC, YAW. 



ATL, GAF, HSH, TCD, VPC. 

ACS, ACY, ATL, DUP, FAB, GAF, TRC, YAW. 
ACS, ATL, DUP, FAB, GAF, TCD, TRC, YAW. 
TRC. 
TRC. 

TRC. 
TRC. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. --Benzenoid dyes: Items for which U. S. production or sales were 
reported, Identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



DIRECT DYES — Continued 

'Direct green dyes — Continued 

Direct Green 47 

Direct Green 51 

Direct Green 69 

Other direct green dyes 

* Direct brown dyes: 

*Direct Brown 1 

*Direct Brown lA 

*Direct Brown 2 

Direct Brown 6 

Direct Brown 25 

Direct Brown 27 

*Direct Brown 31 

Direct Brown 32 

Direct Brown 33 

Direct Brown 40 

Direct Brown 44 

Direct Brown 48 

Direct Brown 59 

*Direct Brown 74 

*Direct Brown 95 

Direct Brown 105 

Direct Brown 106 

♦Direct Brown 111 

Direct Brown 112 

*Direct Brown 154 

Direct Brown 218 

Other direct brown dyes 

*Direct black dyes: 

*Direct Black 4 

Direct Black 8 

♦Direct Black 9 

Direct Black 17 

♦Direct Black 19 

♦Direct Black 22 

Direct Black 36 

Direct Black 37 

♦Direct Black 38 

Direct Black 44 

♦Direct Black 51 

Direct Black 56 

Direct Black 71 

Direct Black 75 

Direct Black 78- 

♦Direct Black 80 

Direct Black 109 

Direct Black 130 

Direct Black 190 • 

Other direct black dyes 

DISPERSE DYES 

♦Disperse yellow dyes: 

Disperse Yellow 1 

Disperse Yellow 2 

♦Disperse Yellow 3 

♦Disperse Yellow 5 

Disperse Yellow 8 

♦Disperse Yellow 23 

Disperse Yellow 31 

Disperse Yellow 32 

♦Disperse Yellow 33 

♦Disperse Yellow 34 

♦Disperse Yellow 42 

Disperse Yellow 50 

♦Disperse Yellow 54 



ALT, DUP, GAP. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

ACY, DUP. 



ACY, 
GAP, 
AAP, 
ACS, 
DUP. 
ATL, 
AAP, 
GAP. 
DUP. 
AAP. 
GAP, 
AAP. 
ACY. 
AAP, 
ACS, 
DUP. 
GAP. 
DUP, 
ATL. 
ACS, 
ACS. 
VPC, 

ACS, 
TRC, 
ACS, 
GAP, 
ATL, 
AAP, 
AAP, 
AAP, 
AAP, 
TRC. 
AAP, 
ACS, 
ATL, 
GAP. 
ACS, 
ACS, 
GAP. 
ACY. 
ACS, 
ACY, 



ATL, DUP, TCD. 

TRC, YAW. 

ACS, ACY, ATL, DUP, GAP, HSH, TRC, YAW. 

ATL, GAP, TRC, YAW. 

GAP. 

ACS, ATL, DUP, GAP, TRC, YAW. 



ACS, DUP. 

ATL, DUP, FAB, GAP, HSH, TCD, TRC, YAW. 



GAP, TRC, VPC. 

DUP, PAB, GAP, TRC, YAW. 

YAW. 

ATL, GAP, TCD, TRC, YAW. 

YAW. 

DUP, GAP, TCD. 

GAP, TCD, TRC. 

ALT, ATL, DUP, GAf, TCD, TRC, VPC, YAW. 

ATL. 
ACS . 
ACS^ ACY, ATL, FAB, GAP, HSH, TCD, TRC, YAW. 

ACS, DUP, GAP, TRC. 

TRC. 

VPC. 

TCD. 

ATL, FAB, HSH, TCD, TRC, VPC, YAW. 

TCD. 

ATL, HSH, TCD, TRC, YAW. 



GAP. 
DUP. 
AAP, ACS, ALT, ATL, DUP, EKT, GAP, HSH, ICC, TCD, 

TRC. 
AAP, GAP, ICC, TCD. 
DUP, EKT, TRC. 

AAP, DUP, EKT, GAP, ICC, TCD, TRC. 
GAF. 
DUP. 

AAP, EKT, GAP, ICC, TRC. 
AAP, EKT, ICC. 

AAP, DUP, EKT, ICC, GAF, MAY, SDC, TCD, TRC. 
TRC. 
AAP, DUP, GAF, ICC, TRC. 



BENZENOID DYES 



79 



TABLE 2. --Benzenoid dyes: Items for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1969--Continued 



DISPERSE DYES--Continued 

'Disperse yellow dyes--Continued 

Disperse Yellow 67 

Disperse Yellow 69 

Disperse Yellow 77 

Disperse Yellow 85 

Disperse Yellow 86 

-Disperse Yellow 87 

Disperse Yellow 88 

Disperse Yellow 89 

Disperse Yellow 95 

Disperse Yellow 96 

Other disperse yellow dyes 

'Disperse orange dyes: 

'Disperse Orange 3 

■'Disperse Orange 5 

Disperse Orange 16 

'Disperse Orange 17 

Disperse Orange 21 

'Disperse Orange 25 

Disperse Orange 26 

Disperse Orange 28 

Disperse Orange 29 

Disperse Orange 30 

Disperse Orange 38 

Disperse Orange 40 

Disperse Orange 41' 

Disperse Orange 44 

Disperse Orange 57 ' 

Disperse Orange 58 

Disperse Orange 59 

Disperse Orange 62 

Disperse Orange 75 

Other disperse orange dyes 

'Disperse red dyes: 

'Disperse Red 1 

Disperse Red 4 

'Disperse Red 5 

Disperse Red 7 

Disperse Red 9 

'Disperse Red 11 

'Disperse Red 13 

Disperse Red 14 

'Disperse Red 15 

'Disperse Red 17 

Disperse Red 21 --- 

Disperse Red 30 

Disperse Red 31 

Disperse Red 35 

Disperse Red 54 

Disperse Red 55 

Disperse Red 56 

Disperse Red 59 

'Disperse Red 60 

'Disperse Red 65 

Disperse Red 66 

Disperse Red 73 

Disperse Red 78 

Disperse Red 86 

Disperse Red 88 

Disperse Red 96 

Disperse Red 117 

Disperse Red 136 

Disperse Red 137 

Disperse Red 138 

Disperse Red 140 - — 

Other disperse red dyes 

'Disperse violet dyes: 

'Disperse Violet 1 

'Disperse Violet 4 

Disperse Violet 8 

Disperse Violet 11 

Disperse Violet 14 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table S) 



DUP. 
ACY. 
VPC. 
MP, 
MP, 
EKT. 
EKT. 
EKT. 
VPC. 
VPC^ 

gaf;" 



EKT. 
EKT. 



MAY, SDC, TCD, TRC, VPC. 



MP, 


DUP, 


GAP 


HSH 


ICG J 


TCD 


TRC. 


MP, 


EKT, 


GAP 


SDC 








MP. 














MP, 


EKT 


GAP 


HSH 


ICC 


TCD 




TEC 














DUP, 


EKT, 


TRC. 










DUP. 














MP. 














MP. 














ICC, 


TRC. 












TRC. 














DUP. 














DUP. 














DUP. 














EKT. 














EKT. 














EKT. 














DUP. 














DUP. 














AAP, 


GAP, 


ICC, 


MAY, 


SDC, 


TRC. 




AAP, 


ACS, 


DUP, 


EKT, 


GAP, 


HSH, 


ICC, TCD, TRC 


GAP, 


TCD, 


TRC. 










AAP, 


EKT, 


GAP, 


HSH, 


ICC, 


TCD. 




MP. 














ATL, 


ICI. 












MP, 


DUP, 


GAP, 


ICC. 








MP, 


DUP, 


GAP, 


ICC, 


TCD. 






MAY. 














MP, 


GAP, 


HSH, 


ICC, 


TCD, 


TRC. 




MP, 


DUP, 


EKT, 


GAP, 


HSH, 


ICC, 


TCD, TRC. 


EKT. 














EKT, 


TRC. 












ICC. 














EKT. 














ICC. 














AAP, 


DUP, 


TCD, 


TRC. 








DUP. 














ACY, 


DUP, 


GAP. 










MP, 


DUP, 


EKT, 


GAP, 


TCD, 


VPC. 




DUP, 


EKT, 


TRC. 










AAP. 














TRC. 














ICC, 


TRC. 












EKT, 


GAP. 












EKT. 














ACY. 














EKT. 














EKT. 














EKT. 














EKT. 














DUP. 














MP, 


GAP, 


ICC, 


MAY, 


SDC, 


TCD, 


TRC, VPC. 


MP, 


GAP, 


HSH, 


ICC, 


TRC. 






MP, 


GAP, 


ICC. 










GAP. 














ACS. 














DUP. 















SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. --Benzenoid dyes: Items for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3J 



DISPERSE DYES — Continued 



ue 55- 
ue 56- 



*Disperse violet dyes--Continu 

Disperse Violet 18 

Disperse Violet 26 

•Disperse Violet 27 

Disperse Violet 41 

Disperse Violet 42 

Disperse Violet 4^ 

Disperse Violet 44 

Other disperse violet dyes- 
*Dispcrse blue dyes: 
•Disperse B 
•Disperse B 
•Disperse B 

Disperse B 

Disperse B 

Disperse B 

Disperse B 

Disperse B 

Disperse B 

Disperse B 

Disperse B 

Disperse B 

Disperse B 

Disperse B 
•Disperse B 

Disperse B 

Disperse B 

Disperse B 
•Disperse B 

Disperse B 

Disperse B 

Dispers 

Disperse B 

Disperse B 

Disperse B 

Disperse B 

Disperse B 

Disperse B 

Disperse B 

Disperse B 

Disperse B 

Disperse B 

Disperse B 



DUP, TRC. 

DUP. 

MP, ACY, DUP, EXT, GAP, 

BKT. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

GAP, TCD. 



109- 
112- 
116- 
117- 
118- 
119- 
120- 



132- 
133- 



dyes- 
dyes : 



dye 



Disperse B 

Disperse B 

Other dispe 

Disperse gree 

Disperse brow 

Disperse Brown 1 

Disperse Brown 2 

Disperse Brown 5 

Disperse Brown 7 -- 

Other disperse brown dye 
•Disperse black dyes: 

•Disperse Black 1 

Disperse Black 2 

Black 6 

Black 7 

Black 9 

Black 33 

Black 34 



AAP, 
AAP, 
GAP, 
DUP, 
DUP. 
DUP, 
ICI. 
TRC. 
VPC. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP, 
DUP. 
DUP, 
AAP. 
VPC. 
TRC. 
AAP, 
VPC. 
BAS. 
GAP. 
DUP. 
EKT. 
ACY. 
EKT. 
EKT. 
EKT. 
EKT. 
EKT. 
EKT. 
EKT. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
GAP. 
GAP, 
GAP. 



BAS, GAP. ICC, TRC. 

ACS. DUP, EKT, GAP, HSH, ICC, TCD, TRC. 

ICC, TCD, TRC. 

GAP, ICC. 

EKT. 



EKT, SDC. 
EKT, GAP, TRC. 



HSH, ICC, MAY, SDC, TCD, TRC. 



Disper 

Disperse 

Disperse 

Disperse 

Disperse 

Other disperse black dyes 

PIBER-REACTIVE DYES 

•Reactive yellow dyes: 

Reactive Yellow 1 

Reactive Yellow 2 

Reactive Yellow 3 

Reactive Yellow 4 

Reactive Yellow 6 

Reactive Yellow 7 

Reactive Yellow 13 

Reactive Yellow 14 

Reactive Yellow 15 

Reactive Yellow 17 



TRC. 

DUP, EKT, GAP. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

AAP, GAP, ICC, SDC, TRC. 

AAP, DUP, GAP, TRC. 

DUP, TRC. 

AAP. 

YAW. 

AAP, BAS, EKT, HSH. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

DUP, GAP, ICC, SDC. 



ICI. 
T!lC. 
TRC. 
ICl. 
TRC. 
ICI. 
HST. 
HST. 
HST. 
HST. 



BENZENOID DYES 



TABLE 2.--Benzenoid dyes: Items for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



FIBER-REACTIVE DYES--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3} 



\ 



*Reactive yellow dyes--Continued 

Reactive Yellow 18 — . 

Reactive Yellow 22 

Reactive Yellow 24 

Reactive Yellow 37 

Reactive Yellow 60 

Reactive Yellow 61 

Reactive Yellow 62 

Other reactive yellow dyes 

Reactive orange dyes : 

Reactive Orange 1 

Reactive Orange 2 

Reactive Orange 4 

Reactive Orange 5 

Reactive Orange 12 

Reactive Orange 13 

Reactive Orange 14 

Reactive Orange 16 

Reactive Orange 49 

Other reactive orange dyes 

Reactive red dyes : 

Reactive Red 1 

Reactive Red 2 

Reactive Red 3 

Reactive Red 4 

Reactive Red 5 

Reactive Red 8 

Reactive Red 11 

Reactive Red 13 

Reactive Red 16 

Reactive Red 21 

Reactive Red 29 

Reactive Red 31 

Reactive Red 33 

Reactive Red 41 

Reactive Red 93 

Other reactive red dyes 

Reactive violet dyes: 

Reactive Violet 1 

Reactive Violet 2 

Reactive Violet 4 

Reactive Violet S 

Other reactive violet dyes 

*Reactive blue dyes: 

. Reactive Blue 1 

Reactive Blue 2 

Reactive Blue 3 

Reactive Blue 4 

Reactive Blue S 

Reactive Blue 7 

Reactive Blue 9 

Reactive Blue 19 

Reactive Blue 21 

Reactive Blue 25 

Reactive Blue 27 

Reactive Blue 29 

Reactive Blue 30 

Reactive Blue 86 

Reactive Blue 87 

Reactive Blue 88 

Other reactive blue dyes 

Reactive green dyes 

Reactive brown dyes: Reactive Brown 10 

*Reactive black dyes; 

Reactive Black 1 

Reactive Black 5 

Reactive Black 9 

FLUORESCENT BRIGHTENING AGENTS 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 1 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 6 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 8 

•Fluorescent Brightening Agent 9 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 22 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 24 



ICI. 
ICl. 
HST. 
IIST. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
HST, VPC. 

ICl. 
TRC. 
ICI. 
TRC. 
ICI. 
ICI. 
ICI. 
HST. 
ACY. 
HST. 

ICI. 

ICl. 

ICI. 

TRC. 

ICI. 

ICI. 

ICI. 

ICI. 

TRC. 

HST. 

ICI. 

HST, ICI. 

ICI. 

VPC. 

.ACY. 

ACY. 

ICI. 
TRC. 

HST. 
HST. 
HST. 

ICI. 

TRC. 

ICI. 

ICI. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

ICI. 

HST. 
HST. 
ICI. 
HST. 
VPC. 
VPC. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY. 

HST. 
HST. 
ICI. 

TRC. 
HST. 
ICI. 



GGY. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY, GAF, 

GGY. 

GGY. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. — Benzenoid dyes: Items for which U. S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1969--Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



FLUORESCENT BRIGHTENING AGENTS--Continued 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 25 

*Fluorescent Brightening Agent 28 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 30 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 33 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 34 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 37 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 45 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 46 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 49 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 52 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 54 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 59 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 61 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 68 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 71 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 75 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 102 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 108 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 109 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 113 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 114 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 121 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 125 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 126 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 128 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 130 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 135 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 136 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 139 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 158 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 159 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 161 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 205 

Other fluorescent brightening agents 

FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC COLORS 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Dyes 

*FDSC Blue No. 1 

*FD§C Blue No. 2 

FD§C Green No. 3 

*FD§C Red No. 2 

*FD§C Red No. 3 

*FDaC Red No. 4 

FD6C Violet No. 1 

*FD6C Yellow No. 5 - 

'FDSC Yellow No. 6 - 

Other food, drug, and cosmetic dyes 

Drug and Cosmetic Dyes 

D§C Blue No. 6 

DSC Green No. 5 

D§C Green No. 6 

DSC Green No. 8 

DSC Orange No. 4 

DSC Orange No. 5 

DSC Orange No. 10 

DSC Orange No. 17 

DSC Red No. 3 ■ 

*DSC Red No. 6 

*DSC Red No. 7 

•DSC Red No. 8 

DSC Red No. 9- 

DSC Red No. 10 ■ 

DSC Red No. 11 • 



GAF. 

ACY, CCIV, DUP, SDH. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

DUP. 

CIB. 

TRC. 

GGY. 

S. 

S. 

GGY. 

GGY. 

ACY. 

CCW, GAF. 

ACY, GAF. 

GAF. 

DUP, VPC. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

VPC. 

VPC. 

VPC. 

ACY. 

SDH. 

SDH. 

SDH. 

CIB. 

CIB. 

CIB. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

VPC. 

ACY, CaV, CIB, DUP, GGY, PCW, S, VPC. 



ACS, 


KON, 


SDH, 


WJ. 






ACS, 


KON, 


SDH, 


WJ. 






WJ. 












ACS, 


ALT, 


KON, 


SDH, 


STG, 


WJ 


ACS, 


KON, 


SDH, 


STG, 


WJ. 




ALT, 


KON, 


STG, 


WJ. 






ACS, 


SDH. 


WJ. 








ACS, 


ALT, 


KON, 


SDH, 


STG, 


WJ 


ACS, 


ALT, 


KON, 


SDH, 


STG, 


WJ 


STG. 













ACS, KON. 
ACS, KON. 
ACS, KON. 
KON, SDH. 
KON, SNA, ™S. 
SNA, TMS. 
TMS. 
SNA. 

KON, TMS. 
KON, SNA, TMS. 
KON, SNA, TMS. 
KON, SNA, TMS. 
KON-, SNA, TMS. 
SNA. 
KON, SNA. 



BENZENOID DYES 



83 



TABLE 2. --Benzenoid dyes: Items for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC COLORS— Continued 

Drug and Cosmetic Dyes — Continued 

D§C Red No. 12 

D5C Red No. 13 

D§C Red No. 17 

•D5C Red No. 19 — 

D§C Red No. 21 

DSC Red No. 22- 

D§C Red No. 27 

D§C Red No. 28 

DSC Red No. 30 

D§C Red No. 31 

D5C Red No. 33 

DSC Red No. 34 

*D5C Red No. 36 

DSC Red No. 37 

DSC Red No. 39 

DSC Violet No. 2— - 

•DSC Yellow No. S 

DSC Yellow No. 6 — -— 

DSC Yellow No. 7 

DSC Yellow No. 8 

DSC Yellow No. 10 

DSC Yellow No. 11 

Dmig and Cosmetic Dyes, External 

Ext. DSC Green No. 1- 

Ext. DSC Yellow No. 1— 

Ext. DSC Yellow No. 7 



INGRAIN DYES 



Ingrain blue dyes : 
Ingrain Blue 1-- 
Ingrain Blue 2-- 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MORDANT DYES 

•Mordant yellow dyes: 

•Mordant Yellow 1 

Mordant Yellow 5 

Mordant Yellow 8 

Mordant Yellow 14 

Mordant Yellow 16 

Mordant Yellow 20 

Mordant Yellow 26 

Mordant Yellow 29 

Mordant Yellow 30 

Mordant Yellow 36 

•Mordant orange dyes : 

Mordant Orange 1 

Mordant Orange 4 

Mordant Orange 6 

Mordant Orange 8 

Mordant Orange 30 

•Mordant red dyes: 

Mordant Red 3 

Mordant Red S 

Mordant Red 7 

Mordant Red 9 

Mordant Red 11 



KON, 


SNA 


TMS. 


SNA, 


TMS. 




KON. 






ACS, 


KON, 


SNA, TMS 


KON, 


SNA, 


TMS. 


KON, 


SDH. 




SNA, 


TMS. 




ACS. 






KON, 


TMS. 




KON. 






ACS. 






KON. 






ALT, 


KON, 


TMS. 


ACS. 






SDH. 






ACS. 






KON, 


SNA, 


TMS. 


KON. 






KON. 






KON, 


TMS. 




ACS, 


KON. 




ACS, 


KON. 




KON. 






ACS, 


KON. 




KON. 







ICI. 
ICI, VPC. 



ATL, 


GAP, 


PDC. 


TRC. 






ACS, 


VPC. 




ACS, 


PDC. 




ACS, 


ACY. 




ACS. 






VPC. 






GAP. 






TRC, 


VPC. 




PDC. 






ACY, 


GAP, 


PDC, TRC 


GAP, 


PDC. 




ATL, 


GAP, 


TRC. 


TRC. 
ACS. 







ACS, ACY. 

PDC. 

ACS, ACY, ATL, BDO, CMG, GAP, PDC, TRC, VPC. 

MRX. 

ACY. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. — Benzenoid dyes: Items for wMch U. S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



MORDANT DYES--Continued 

Mordant violet dyes : 

Mordant Violet 5 

Mordant Violet 11 

Mordant Violet 20 

♦Mordant blue dyes: 

Mordant Blue 1 

Mordant Blue 3 

Mordant Blue 7 

Mordant Blue 9 

Mordant Blue 13 

Mordant Blue 19 

Mordant green dyes : 

Mordant Green 11 

Mordant Green 36 

♦Mordant brown dyes : 

♦Mordant Brown 1 

Mordant Brown 12 

Mordant Brown 13 

Mordant Brown 15 

Mordant Brown 17 

Mordant Brown IS 

Mordant Brown 19 

Mordant Brown 21 

♦Mordant Brown 33 

♦Mordant Brown 40 

Mordant Brown 50 ■ 

Mordant Brown 63 

Mordant Brown 70 

♦Mordant black dyes: 

Mordant Black 1 

♦Mordant Black 3 

Mordant Black 8 

Mordant Black 9 

♦Mordant Black 11 

Mordant Black 13 

♦Mordant Black 17 

Mordant Black 19 

Mordant Black 26 

Mordant Black 38 

Other mordant black dyes 

OXIDATION BASES 

Oxidation Base 8 and 8A 

Oxidation Base 21 

Oxidation Base 22 

Oxidation Base 25 — 

Other oxidation bases 

SOLVENT DYES 

♦Solvent yellow dyes: 

Solvent Yellow 1 

♦Solvent Yellow 2 

♦Solvent Yellow 3 

Solvent Yellow 13 

♦Solvent Yellow 14 

Solvent Yellow 19 

Solvent Yellow 29 

Solvent Yellow 30 

Solvent Yellow 33 

Solvent Yellow 34 

Solvent Yellow 40 

Solvent Yellow 42 

Solvent Yellow 43 

Solvent Yellow 44 

Solvent Yellow 45 

Solvent Yellow 47 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



PDC. 
GAP. 
GAP. 



ACS, 


GAP. 






GAP. 








TRC. 








GAP. 








ACS, 


HSH. 






CMC . 








ACY. 








PDC. 








ACS, 


CMC, 


DUP, 


GAP, TRC, 


PDC. 








ACS. 








GAP. 








CMC. 








ACS, 


DUP. 






GAP. 








GAP, 


VPC. 






ACS, 


GAP, 


PDC, 


TRC. 


ACS, 


CMC, 


GAP, 


VPC, YAW. 


TRC. 








TRC. 








DUP, 


PDC. 






ACS. 








ACS, 


GAP, 


TRC. 




VPC. 








ACS, 


VPC. 






ACS, 


GAP, 


TRC 


VPC. 


GAP, 


HSH. 






ACS, 


•ACY, 


GAP 


TRC. 


PDC. 








TRC. 








CMC 


PDC 






VPC 








ACY 








PDC 








ACY 








ACY 








ACY 


CMC 







AAP, 
AAP, 
ACS, 
ACY, 
AAP, 
GAP. 
GAP. 
ACS, 
ACS, 
DSC, 
ACS. 
ACS. 
GAP. 
ACS. 
ACS, 
ACY, 



ACY. 

DUP, PH, GAP, PSC. 

DUP, PH, PSC. 

GAP. 

ACS, ACY, ATL, DUP, PH, GAP, PAT, PSC, SDH. 



PSC. 
ACY. 
DUP. 



DUP. 
DUP, GAP. 



BENZENOID DYES 



85 



TABLE 2. --Benzenoid dyes: Items for which U. S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 5) 



SOLVENT DYES— Continued 

*Solvent yellow dyes — Continued 

Solvent Yellow 56 

Solvent Yellow 71 

Solvent Yellow 72 

Solvent Yellow 87 

Other solvent yellow dyes 

*Solvent orange dyes : 

Solvent Orange 2 

*Solvent Orange 3 

Solvent Orange 5 

*Solvent Orange 7 

Solvent Orange 20 

Solvent Orange 23 

Solvent Orange 24 

Solvent Orange 25 

Solvent Orange 31 

Solvent Orange 47 

Solvent Orange 48 

Solvent Orange 51 

Other solvent orange dyes 

*Solvent red dyes: 

Solvent Red 1 

Solvent Red 8 

Solvent Red 22 

♦Solvent Red 24 

♦Solvent Red 26 

Solvent Red 27 

Solvent Red 33 

Solvent Red 35 

Solvent Red 36 

Solvent Red 40 

Solvent Red 41 

♦Solvent Red 49 

Solvent Red 52 

Solvent Red 65 

Solvent Red 68 

Solvent Red 69 

Solvent Red 74 

Solvent Red 75 

Solvent Red 76 

Solvent Red 80 

Solvent Red 105 

Solvent Red 108 

Solvent Red 111 

Solvent Red 115 

Solvent Red 126 ---■ 

Other solvent red dyes 

•Solvent violet dyes: 

♦Solvent Violet 8 

Solvent Violet 9 

Solvent Violet 13 

Solvent Violet 14 

Solvent Violet 17 

Other solvent violet dyes 

♦Solvent blue dyes: 

Solvent Blue 3 

Solvent Blue 4 

Solvent Blue 5 

Solvent Blue 6 

Solvent Blue 7 

Solvent Blue 9 

♦Solvent Blue 11 

Solvent Blue 12 

Solvent Blue 16 

Solvent Blue 32 

Solvent Blue 36 

Solvent Blue 37 

♦Solvent Blue 38 

Solvent Blue 43 



ACS, 


ACY. 








ACY. 










ACY. 










ACY. 










AAP, 


DSC, 


PAT, 


X. 




AAP, 


PSC. 








ACS, 


ACY, 


DSC, 


GAF, 


PSC. 


GAF. 










ACS, 


ACY, 


ATL, 


GAF. 




ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF. 






ACS. 










DUP. 










ACY, 


DUP. 








ACS. 










FH. 










ACY. 










ACY. 










AAP, 


ACY, 


DSC, 


DUP, 


PAT. 


ATL, 


PSC. 








GAF. 










GAF. 










ACY, 


DUP, 


FH, 


GAF, 


PAT, SDH 


AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY, 


PSC. 




ACS. 










DUP, 


GAF. 








GAF. 










ACS. 










GAF. 










DSC. 










ACY, 


DSC, 


DUP, 


GAF. 




GAF, 


ICl. 








ACS. 










ACS. 










DSC, 


DUP. 








ACS. 










ACS. 










ACS. 










ACS, 


ACY. 








ACY. 










ACY. 










ACY. 










ACY. 










ACY. 










AAP, 


ACY, 


ATL, 


DSC, 


DUP, PA' 


ACS, 


ACY, 


DSC, 


DUP. 




DSC. 










ATL, 


HSH. 








AAP, 


ICI. 








ACS. 










AAP, 


DSC, 


PAT. 






ACY, 


SW. 








DSC, 


DUP, 


SDH. 






DSC. 










DSC. 










ACY. 










GAF. 










BDO, 


GAF, 


ICI. 






■DUP. 










ACS. 










AAP. 










ACS, 


DUP. 








DUP. 










ACS, 


ACY, 


ATL, 


DUP 


GAF. 


ACS. 











86 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2.--Benzenoid dyes: Items for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



SOLVENT DYES. -Continued 

♦Solvent blue dyes — Continued 

Solvent Blue 58— 

Solvent Blue 59 

Solvent Blue 60 

Solvent Blue 74 

Other solvent blue dyes ' 

Solvent green dyes: 

Solvent Green 1 

Solvent Green 2 

Solvent Green 3 

Other solvent green dyes 

♦Solvent brown dyes : 

Solvent Brown 11 

♦Solvent Brown 12 

Solvent Brown 17 

Solvent Brown 19 

Solvent Brown 20 

Solvent Brown 22 

Solvent Brown 38 

Other solvent brown dyes 

Solvent black dyes: 

Solvent Black 3 

Solvent Black 5 

Solvent Black 7 ■■ 

Solvent Black 12 

Solvent Black 13 

Solvent Black 17 

Solvent Black 26 

Other solvent black dyes 

SULFUR DYES 

Sulfur yellow dyes: 

Leuco Sulfur Yellow 1 

Leuco Sulfur Yellow 2 

Sulfur Yellow 4 

Leuco Sulfur Yellow 4 

Leuco Sulfur Yellow 9 

Leuco Sulfur Yellow 15 

Other sulfur yellow dyes 

Sulfur red dyes: 

Leuco Sulfur Red 5 

Sulfur Red 6 

Other sulfur red dyes-- 

Sulfur blue dyes : 

Sulfur Blue 5 

Sulfur Blue 7 

Leuco Sulfur Blue 7 

Solubilized Sulfur Blue 7 

Sulfur Blue 8 

Leuco Sulfur Blue 8 

Sulfur Blue 9 

Leuco Sulfur Blue 13 

Other sulfur blue dyes 

Sulfur green dyes: 

Sulfur Green 2 

Leuco Sulfur Green 2 

Leuco Sulfur Green 3 

Leuco Sulfur Green 9 

Sulfur Green 14 

Leuco Sulfur Green 16 

Solubilized Sulfur Green 16 

Other sulfur green dyes 



ACY. 














ACY. 














ACY. 














ACS. 














AAP, 


ACY, 


DSC, 


GAP, 


ICI, 


PAT, 


SDH 


ACY, 


DSC, 


SDH. 










GAP. 














AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY, 


ATL, 


GAP, 


HSH, 


ICI 


OSC, 


GAP. 












GAP. 














ACY, 


DSC, 


GAP. 










DUP. 














DUP. 














ACY, 


DUP. 












DUP, 


PH. 












ACY. 














DSC. 














ACS. 














ACS, 


ACY, 


DSC, 


DUP. 








ACS, 


ACY, 


DSC, 


PH. 








ACS. 














ACS. 














DUP. 














ACY. 














DSC. 















SDC. 




ACY, 


SDC. 


SDC. 




SDC. 




STC. 




ACY. 




ACY, 


SDC. 


SDC. 




ACY, 


SDC. 


SDC. 




ACY. 




ACY, 


SDC. 


ACY, 


SDC, STC 


SDC. 




SDC. 




SDC. 




ACY, 




ACY. 




ACY, 


SDC. 


SDC. 




snc. 




SDC. 




STC. 




SDC. 




SDC. 




SDC. 




ACY, 


SDC. 



BENZENOID DYES 

TABLE 2.--Benzenoid dyes: Items for which U, S, production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Dye 



SULFUR DYES— Continued 

Sulfur brown dyes : 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 1 

Solubilized Sulfur Brown 1 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 3 

Sulfur Brown 10 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 10 

Solubilized Sulfur Brown 10 

Sulfur Brown 12 

Sulfur Brown 14 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 14 

Solubilized Sulfur Brown 21 

Sulfur Brown 26 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 26 

Sulfur Brown 30 

Sulfur Brown 33 

Sulfur Brown 37 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 37 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 81 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 82 

Other sulfur brown dyes 

*Sulfur black dyes: 

Sulfur Black 1 

Leuco Sulfur Black 1 

Solubilized Sulfur Black 1 

Sulfur Black 2 

Leuco Sulfur Black 2 

Solubilized Sulfur Black 2 

Sulfur Black 10— 

Leuco Sulfur Black 10 

Sulfur Black 11— 

Lueco Sulfur Black 11 

Other sulfur black dyes 

VAT DYES 

*Vat yellow dyes : 

Vat Yellow 1, 12-1/2%— — 

*Vat Yellow 2, 8-1/2% 

Solubilized Vat Yellow 2, 25% 

Vat Yellow 3, 12-1/2% - - 

*Vat Yellow 4, 12-1/2% 

Solubilized Vat Yellow. 4, 37-1/2% 

Vat Yellow 10, 10% 

Vat Yellow 14, 12-1/2%— 

Vat Yellow 15, 11-1/2% 

Vat Yellow 16, 16-2/3% 

Vat Yellow 22, 10% 

Vat Yellow 33, 15% 

Vat Yellow 41, 9% 

Other vat yellow dyes 

*Vat orange dyes : 

*Vat Orange 1, 20% 

Solubilized Vat Orange 1, 26% 

*Vat Orange 2, 12% 

*Vat Orange 3, 13-1/2% 

Vat Orange 4, 6% 

Vat Orange 5, 10% 

Solubilized Vat Orange 5, 30% 

Vat Orange 7, 11% 

*Vat Orange 9, 12% 

Vat Orange 11, 6% 

*Vat Orange 15, 10% 

Vat Orange 23, 17-1/2% 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
Caccording to list in table 3) 



STC. 




STC. 




SDC. 




DUP, 


SDC. 


SDC. 




SDC. 




SDC. 




SDC. 




ACY, 


SDC. 


STC. 




ACY. 




STC. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




SDC. 




SDC. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




ACY, 


SDC. 


ACY, 


DUP, SDC 


ACY, 


SDC, STC 


SDC, 


STC. 


ACY, 


SDC. 


ACY, 


SDC. 


SDC. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




SDC. 




SDC. 




SDC. 





ACS. 
AAP, 
GAP. 
DUP. 
ATL, 
GAP, 
GAP. 
TRC. 
ACY. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
TRC, 
ACY. 
ACS, 

ACS, 
HST. 
AAP, 
CMG, 
ACY, 
AAP, 
GAP, 
GAP, 
AAP, 
ACS, 
AAP, 
DUP. 



ACS, ACY, ATL, GAP, HST, ICI, TRC, VPC. 



CMG, GAP, HST, VPC. 
HST. 



VPC. 

GAP, MAY, VPC. 

ACY, ATL, CMG, GAP, HST, ICI, TRC, VPC. 

ACS, ACY, OIG, DUP, GAP, ICI, TRC. 

DUP, GAP. 

CMG, DUP. 

ACY, HST. 

HST. 

HST, TRC. 

ACY, DUP, GAP, ICI, TRC. 

DUP. 

ACS, ACY, GAP, ICI, TRC, VPC. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. --Benzenoid dyes: Items for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1969--Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
[according to list in table 3) 



VAT DYES--Continued 

*Vat orange dyes — Continued 

Vat Orange 24 

Other vat orange dyes 

•Vat red dyes : 

*Vat Red 1, 13% 

Solubilized Vat Red 1, 37% 

Vat Red 4 

Vat Red 10, 18% 

Solubilized Vat Red 10, 31% 

Vat Red 12, 8-1/2% 

*Vat Red 13, 11% 

Vat Red 14, 10% 

Vat Red 15, 10% 

Vat Red 16, 11% 

Vat Red 23 

Vat Red 29, 18% 

*Vat Red 32, 20% 

Vat Red 35, 12-1/2% 

Vat Red 52, 10% 

Vat Red 56, 15-1/2% 

Other vat red dyes 

*Vat violet dyes : 

*Vat Violet 1, 11% 

*Vat Violet 2, 20% 

Vat Violet 3, 15% 

*Vat Violet 9, 12% 

*Vat Violet 13, 6-1/4% -• 

Vat Violet 14, 12-1/2% 

Vat Violet 17, 12-1/2% 

Vat Violet 21 

Other vat violet dyes -■ 

*Vat blue dyes : 

Vat Blue 1, 20% 

Vat Blue 3, 16% 

*Vat Blue 4, 10% 

Vat Blue 5, 16% 

Solubilized Vat Blue 5, 38% 

*Vat Blue 6, 8-1/3% 

Solubilized Vat Blue 6, 17-1/2% 

Vat Blue 12, 6-1/2% 

Vat Blue 14, 8-1/3% 

Vat Blue 16, 16-1/2% 

*Vat Blue 18, 13% 

*Vat Blue 20, 14% 

Vat Blue 26, 24% 

Vat Blue 29 

Vat Blue 39, 12% 

Vat Blue 43 : 

Vat Blue 53, 20-1/2% 

Vat Blue 60 

Other vat blue dyes 

*Vat green dyes : 

*Vat Green 1, 6% 

Solubilized Vat Green 1, 12-1/2% 

*Vat Green 3, 10% 

Solubilized Vat Green 3, 26% 

*Vat Green 8, 8-1/2% 

Vat Green 9, 12-1/2% 

Vat Green 15, 17% 

Vat Green 19, 13%-= 

Vat Green 20, 6% 

Other vat green dyes 

*Vat brown dyes : 

•Vat Brown 1, 11% 

Solubilized Vat Brown 1, 17% 

•Vat Brown 3, 11% 



DUP. 






SDC. 






MP, 


ACY, 


HST, ICl. 


GAP, 


HST. 




BAS. 






AC'S, 


GAP. 




GAP. 






DUP. 






DUP, 


GAP, 


HST, TRC. 


GAP, 


HST. 




GAP, 


TRC. 




DUP. 






DUP. 






GAP. 






ACS, 


DUP, 


GAP. 


ACS. 






DUP. 






ACY. 






GAP, 


TRC 





ACY, DUP, GAP, ICI, TRC. 

ACS, ACY, GAP, HST. 

GAP, HST. 

DUP, GAP, ICI, TRC. 

ACS, DUP, GAP, ICI, TRC. 

ACS, DUP. 

DUP, GAP. 

VPC. 

GAP, MAY. 



BAS, GAP. 

DUP, GAP. 

ATL, DUP, HST. 

HST. 

ACY, DUP, GAP, ICI, TRC. 

HST, ICI. 

DUP, GAP,' TRC. 

DUP. 

ACS, ACY, DUP, GAP, ICI, MAY, TRC. 

ACY ATL, DUP, GAP, ICI, MAY, SDC, TRC. 



ACS, 
HST. 
ACY, 
ACS, 
GAP,- 
ACS, 
GAP, 
DUP. 
ACS, 
ACY, 
AAP, 
AAP, 
GAP. 
GAP. 
GAP. 
DUP, 
GAP. 
DUP. 
GAP, 

AAP, 
GAP, 
AAP, 
GAP, 
ACS, 
ACY, 
ACS. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
GAP, 



ACY, DUP, GAP, MAY, TRC. 

GAP. 

AAP, ACS, ACY, DUP, GAP, ICI, MAY, TRC, VPC. 



MAY, X. 

ACS, ACY, ATL, DUP, GAP, ICI, MAY. 

HST, ICI. 

ACS, ACY, ATL, DUP, GAP, ICI, MAY, TRC. 

HST^ ICI. 

ATL, DUP, GAP. 

ATL, GAP, MAY. SDC, TRC. 



BENZENOID DYES 



89 



TABLE 2. — Benzenoid dyes: Items lor which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Dye 



VAT DYES— Continued 

*Vat brown dyes — Continued 

*Vat Brown 5, 13% 

Vat Brown 11, 12% 

Vat Brown 12, 12-1/2% 

Vat Brown 13, 17% 

■Vat Brown 14, 12% 

Vat Brown 20, 10-1/2%— 

Vat Brown 28, 22% 

Vat Brown 29, 13% 

Vat Brown 31, 28% 

Vat Brown 38, 20% 

Vat Brown 40, 14% 

Vat Brown 57, 12.8%- 

Other vat brown dyes 

*Vat black dyes: 

Solubilized Vat Black 1, 27-1/2% 

Vat Black 9, 16% 

Vat Black 11, 17-1/2% 

Vat Black 13, 14% 

Vat Black 14, 11-1/2%— 

Vat Black 18, 15-1/2% 

Vat Black 21, 18-1/2% 

Vat Black 22, 19% 

*Vat Black 25, 12-1/2% 

*Vat Black 27, 12-1/2% 

Vat Black 34, 16% 

Vat Black 37- 

Vat Black 38, 20% 

Vat Black 52, 18-1/2% 

Other vat black dyes 

All other dyes 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



ACY, HST, VPC. 

MAY, TRC. 

DUP. 

MAY. 

HST. 

ACS, GAP. 

ICI. 

ACY. 

AAP. 

ICI. 

DUP. 

TRC. 

GAP, SDC, VPC. 



GAP, 
GAP, 
ACY. 
ACS, 
DUP. 
ACS, 
ACY. 
ACY, 
AAP, 
ACY, 
ICI. 
GAP. 
GAP. 
ACY. 
DUP, 
ACY, 



HST. 
MAY, TRC. 



ACY, ATL, PUP, GAP, ICI, MAY, TRC. 
BDO, DUP, GAP, ICI, MAY, TRC. 



GAP, SDC, TRC. 
HSH, PAT, SDC. 



I 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 3 . --Benzenoid dyes: Directory of manufacturers, 1969 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


AAP 


American Aniline Products, Inc. 


ICC 


Inmont Corp . 


ACS 


Allied Chemical Corp., Specialty Chemicals 
Div. 


ICI 


ICI America, Inc. 


ACY 


American Cyanamid Co, 


KON 


H. Kohnstamm 5 Co., Inc. 


ALL 


Alliance Chemical, Inc. 






ALT 


Crompton § Knowles Corp., Althouse Div. 


MAY 


Otto B. May, Inc. 


ATL 


Atlantic Chemical Corp. 


MRX 


Max Marx Color § Chemical Co. 


BAS 


BASF Corp. 


PAT 


Morton International, Inc., Morton Chemical 


BDO 


Benzenoid Organics, Inc. 




Co. Div. 


BUG 


Blackman-Uhler Chemical Co. 


PCW 


Pfister Chemical Works' 






PDC 


Berncolors-Poughkeepsie, Inc. 


CCW 


Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc. 


PSC 


Passaic Color § Chemical Co. 


GIB 


Ciba Chemical S Dye Co. 






CMC 


Nyanza, Inc. 


S 


Sandoz-Wander, Inc. 


CPC 


Chi Ids Pulp Colors, Inc. 


SDC 


Martin-Marietta Corp., Southern Dyestuff 


CWN 


Upjohn Co., Carwin Organic Chemicals 




Co. Div. 






SDH 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Hilton-Davis Chemical 


DSC 


Dye Specialties, Inc. 




Co. Div. 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours S Co., Inc. 


SNA 


Sun Chemical Corp., Ansbacher-Siegle Div. 






STC 


Sou-Tex Chemical Co., Inc. 


EKT 


Eastman Kodak Co., Tennessee Eastman 


STG 


Stange Co. 




Co. Div. 


SW 


Sherwin-Williams Co. 


FAB 


Fabricolor Manufacturing Corp. 


TCD 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc., Tenneco Colors Div. 


FH 


Foster-Heaton Co. 


TMS 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Thomasset Colors Div. 






TRC 


Toms River Chemical Corp. 


GAF 


GAF Corp., Dyestuff & Chemical Div. 






GGY 


Geigy Chemical Corp. 


VPC 


Verona Corp. 


HSC 


Chemetron Corp., Pigments Div. 


WJ 


Warner-Jenkinson Manufacturing Co. 


HSH 


Harshaw Chemical Co. Div. of Kewanee 








Oil Co. 


YAW 


Young Aniline Works, Inc. 


HST 


American Hoechst Corp. 







Note. --For complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies, refer to table 1 in the Appendix. 



BS^ENOiS PIGMENTS 91 



As the terms are used in this report, synthetic organic pigments 
are toners and lakes derived in whole or in part from benzenoid chemicals 
and colors. They are used in paints and related products, in printing 
inks, and in plastics and resin materials. 

Statistics on production and sales of all benzenoid pigments in 
1969 are given in table 1. Statistics on sales of a few selected 
pigments by commercial forms (dry full-strength fcrm, dry extended form, 
dry dispersions, aqueous dispersions, and flushed colors) are given in 
table lA. Prior to 1961, statistics for toners included the quantities 
and values of extenders and diluents. Beginning in 1961, data were 
collected for both full-strength and extended toners on a full-strength- 
toner-content basis. Individual toners and lakes are identified in 
this report by the names used in the second edition of the Colour Index. 

Total production of benzenoid pigments in 1969 was 61.0 million 
pounds-- 13. 5 percent more than the 53.7 million pounds produced in 1968 
and 14.4 percent more than the 53.3 million pounds produced in 1967. 
Total sales of benzenoid pigments in 1969 amounted to 50.8 million pounds , 
valued at $133.1 million, compared with 45.8 million pounds, valued at 
$119.9 million, in 1968 and 42.9 million pounds, valued at $108.4 mil- 
lion, in 1967. In terms of quantity, sales of benzenoid pigments in 
1969 were 10.9 percent larger than in 1968 and 18.5 percent larger than 
in 1967; in terms of value, sales in 1969 were 11.0 percent la;]rger than 
in 1968 and 22.9 percent larger than in 1967. 

Production of toners in 1969 amounted to 57.3 million pounds--14.8 
percent more than the 49.9 million pounds reported for 1968. Sales 
in 1969 were 47.4 million pounds, valued at $129.3 million, compared 
with 42.2 million pounds, valued at $116.3 million, in 1968. Sales in 
1969 were thus 12.3 percent larger than those in 1968 in terms of 
quantity, and 11.2 percent larger in terms of value. The individual 
toners listed in the report which were produced in the largest quantities 
in 1969 were Pigment Yellow 12, 6.0 million pounds; Pigment Blue 15, 
beta form, 4.8 million pounds; Pigment Blue 19, 4.6 million pounds; 
Pigment Red 49, barium toner, 4.4 million pounds; Pigment Blue 15, 
alpha form. 4.2 million pounds; Pigment Green 7, 3.7 million pounds; 
Pigment Red 48, 3.4 million pounds; Pigment Red 53, barium toner, 2.4 
million pounds; and Pigment Red 90, 2.2 million pounds. 



^ See also table 2 of this section which lists these products and identi- 
fies the manufacturers of each from the list in table 3. Imports of benze- 
noid pigments in 1968 and 1969 are given in table 2 in the Appendix. 



92 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



Production of lakes totaled 3.7 million pounds in 1969--3.4 percent 
less than the 3.8 million pounds reported for 1968. Sales of lakes 
in 1969 amounted to 3.4 million pounds, valued at $3.8 million, compared 
with sales in 1968 of 3.6 million pounds, valued at $3.6 million. Sales 
in 1969 were thus 5.2 percent smaller than those in 1968 in terms of 
quantity, and 6.7 percent larger in terms of value. 

For each of 15 selected pigments, or groups of pigments, table lA 
gives data on sales by commercial forms. Pigment Yellow 12,. Pigment 
Red 90, and Pigment Blue 19 were sold principally in the flushed form. 
The remaining 12 pigments, or groups of pigments, for which statistics 
are published were sold principally in the dry full-strength form. 
Statistics on sales by commercial forms could not be published for 
Pigment Red 49, sodium toner, without revealing the operations of 
individual companies. 



BENZENOID PIGMENTS 



93 



TABLE l.--Benzenoid pigments: U.S. production and sales, 1969 



[Listed below are all benzenoid pigments for which any reported data on production or sales may be published (Leaders 
are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were reported ) 
Table 2 lists all benzenoid pigments for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manu- "' 
facturer of each J 



Pigment 



Grand total 

TONERS 

Total 

Yellow toners, total 

Hansa yellows, total 

Pigment Yellow 1, C.I. 11 680 

Pigment Yellow 3, C.I. 11 710 

Pigment Yellow 74, C.I. 11 741 

Other Hansa yellows 

Benzidine yellows, total 

Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090 

Pigment Yellow 13, C.l. 21 100 

Pigment Yellow 14, C.I. 21 095 

Pigment Yellow 17, C.I. 21 105 

Other benzidine yellows 

All other 

Orange toners, total 

Pigment Orange 2, C.I. 12 060 

Pigment Orange 5, C.I. 12 075 

Pigment Orange 13, C.I. 21 110 

Pigment Orange 16, C.I. 21 160 

Pigment Orange 34, C.I. 21 115 

All other 

Red toners, total 

Naphthol reds, total 

Pigment Red 2, C.I. 12 310 

Pigment Red 5, C.I. 12 490 

Pigment Red 17, C.I. 12 390 

Pigment Red 18, C.I. 12 350 

Pigment Red 22, C.I. 12 315 

Pigment Red 23, C.I. 12 355 

Other naphthol reds 

Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, dark 

Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, light 

Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120 

Pigment Red 4, C.I. 12 OSb 

Pigment Red 38, C.I. 21 120—- 

Pigment Red 48, C.I. 15 865 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630: 

Barium toner 

Calcium toner 

Sodium toner 

Pigment Red 52, C.I. 15 860 

Pigment Red 53, C.I. 15 585, barium toner-- 
Pigment Red 57, C.I. 15 850, calcium toner- 
Pigment Red 63, C.I. 15 880 

Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PMA 

Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PTA 

Pigment Red 90, C.I. 45 380 

All other 

Violet toners, total 

Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, PVlK 

Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, PTA-- 

Pigment Vioiet 3, C.l. 42 535, fugitive---- 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



61,011 



57,310 



11,238 



1,481 
604 
181 
253 
443 

9,452 

5,963 
412 

2,000 
476 
601 
305 

941 



Quantity 



52 
257 
195 
264 



98 
69 
14 

165 
192 
323 
124 
127 

1,595 
247 
201 

3,386 

4,408 

1,341 

243 

1,984 

2,357 

1,050 

43 

599 

107 

2,171 

2,309 

2,548 



120 

85 

605 



1,000 
pounds 



47,375 



7,707 



1,173 
479 
112 
200 
382 
6,393 
3,740 

1,643 
374 
636 
141 



249 
174 
248 



63 

107 
176 
148 
104 
131 

1,537 
184 
150 

2,608 

3,904 
1,364 

255 
1,797 
1,997 

942 
38 

480 

94 

1,218 

1,835 



1,000 
dollars 



133,149 



21,195 



2,824 
873 
250 
664 

1,037 
16,405 

8,222 

3,972 
1,132 
3,079 
1,966 

2,724 



396 
555 
669 

1,104 

38,761 



2,196 
122 
304 
179 

319 
599 
673 
137 
172 

2,421 
279 
662 

4,859 

4,181 
1,566 

292 
2,843 
2,723 
1,455 
56 
2,888 

643 
2,713 
8,675 

12,830 



398 
577 
799 



94 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 

TABLE 1. — Benzenoid pigments: U.S. production and sales , 1969--Continued 



Pigment 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



TONERS--Continued 

Violet toners --Continued 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 S35, PMA 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, PTA 

Pigment Violet 23, C.I. 51 319 

All other 



Uue toners, total 

Pigment Blue 1, C.I. 42 595, PMA 

Pigment Blue 1, C.I. 42 595, PTA 

Pigment Blue 14, C.I. 42 600, PMA 

Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, alpha form- 
Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, beta form-- 

Pigment Blue 19, C.I. 42 750A 

Pigment Blue 22, C.I. 69 810 

Pigment Blue 25, C.I. 21 180 

All other 



Green toners, total 

Pigment Green 1, C.I. 42 040, PTA 

Pigment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and 49 005, PMA- 
Pigment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and 49 005, PTA- 

Pigment Green 4, C.I. 42 000, PTA 

Pigment Green 7, C.I. 74 260 

Pigment Green 8, C.I. 10 006 

Pigment Green 10, C.I. 12 775 

Pigment Green 36, C.I. 74 265 

All other 



Brown toners, total 

Pigment Brown 5, C.I. 15 800- 
All other 



Black toners - 



Total- 



Red lakes : 

Pigment Red 60, 
Pigment Red 83, 
(Acid Red 26) , 



.1. 16 lOS- 
. I. 58 000- 
I. 16 150-- 



Violet lakes: 

Pigment Violet 5, C.I. 58 055- 

All other lakes^ 



1,000 
pounds 



124 
1,145 



14,170 



203 

16 

115 

4,202 

4,752 

4,582 

36 

126 

138 



3,699 

127 



160 

521 



301 
53 
156 



1,000 
pounds 



120 
795 



182 

116 

3,732 

4,045 

4,681 

24 



62 
4 
3,157 
123 
178 
174 
117 

171 



124 
47 



260 
56 
158 

180 
2,765 



1,000 
dollars 



1,190 

219 

2,022 

7,625 

39,097 



823 
11,118 
13,260 
11,360 

393 

1,259 



374 

286 

24 

10,901 

155 

1,091 

646 

506 

367 



3,839 



428 
195 
115 



414 
2,687 



' Calculated from rounded figures. 

2 Includes all black, blue, brown, green, orange, yellow lakes, "all other" red, and "all other" violet lakes. 

Note. — The C.I. (CoZoitr Index) numbers shown in this report are the identifying numbers given in the second edition 
of the Colour Index. 

The abbreviation PMA and PTA stand for phosphomolybdic and phosphotungstic (including phosphotungstomolybdic) 
acids, respectively. 



BENZENOID PIGMENTS 



95 



TABLE lA,--Benzenoid pigments: U.S. sales of selected dry full-strength colors, dry extended colors, 
dry dispersions, aqueous dispersions, and flushed colors, 1969 



Selected pigments by commercial forms 



Quantity' 



Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Dry extended toner, dry dispersions, and aqueous dispersions' ** 

Flushed color 

Pigment Yellow 13, C.I. 21 100; Pigment Yellow 14, C.I. 21 095; Pigment Yellow 17 

C.I. 21 105; and other benzidine yellows, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Dry extended toner and dry dispersions'* 

Aqueous dispersions' 

Flushed color 

Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120, total 

Dry full-strength toner and dry extended toner'' 

Aqueous dispersions 

Flushed color 

Pigment Red 48, C.I. 15 865, total , 

Dry full-strength toner 

Dry extended toner and dry dispersions'* 

Aqueous dispersions' 

Flushed color 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630, barium toner, total 

Dry full- strength toner 

Dry extended toner, dry dispersion, and aqueous dispersion' '* 

Flushed color 

Pigment Red 49, C.l. 15 630, calcium toner, total 

Dry full-strength toner and dry dispersions'*-' 

Aqueous dispersions' and flushed color'' 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630, sodium toner"* 

Pigment Red 53, C.I. 15 585, bariimi toner, total 

Dry full-strength toner, dry extended toner, and dry dispersions'* 

Aqueous dispersions' and flushed color'* 

Pigment Red 90, C.I. 45 380, total 

Dry full-strength toner, dry extended toner, and dry dispersions'* 

Aqueous dispersions' and flushed color"* • 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 S3S, fugitive, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Dry extended toner'* and flushed color 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, permanent (PMA and PTA) , total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Dry extended toner, dry dispersion and aqueous dispersions' '* 

Flushed color 

Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, alpha form, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Dry extended toner and dry dispersions'* 

Aqueous dispersions' 

Flushed color 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



3,740 



685 

150 

2,905 



439 
319 



2,608 



,035 

13 

856 



1,152 
212 



,202 
795 



1,218 



46 
1,172 



299 
296 



279 
97 



3,732 



1,315 
838 

1,157 
422 



1,000 
dollars 



8,654 



1,484 

366 

6,804 



6,049 

162 

1,154 



1,614 
132 
750 

4,859 



4,456 
107 
159 
137 

4,260 



3,318 

19 

9 23 



1,330 
354 



301 
2,768 



1,633 
1,135 



2,844 



98 
2,746 



430 
370 



1,429 



805 
410 
214 

11,118' 



4,266 
2,962 
2,752 
1,138 



I 



96 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE lA.--Benzenoid pigments: U.S. sales of selected dry full-strength colors, dry extended colors, 
dry dispersions, aqueous dispersions, and flushed colors, 196 9- -Continued 



Selected pigments by commercial forms 



Quantity' Value 



Dnit 
value ^ 



Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, beta form, total--- 

Dry full-strength toner 

Dry extended toner and dry dispersions'* 

Aqueous dispersions ^ 

Flushed color 

Pigment Blue 19, C.I. 42 750A, total 

Dry full-strength toner and dry extended toner 
Aqueous dispersions^ and flushed color** 

Pigment Green 7, C.I. 74 260, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Dry extended toner and dry dispersions'* 

Aqueous dispersions' 

Flushed color 



1,000 
pounds 



4,045 



1,000 
dollaps 



13,260 



1,295 

573 

1,036 

1,141 

4,681 



4,484 
2,121 
3,105 
3,550 

11,360 



319 
4,362 



3,157 
1,242 

659 
1,076 

180 



774 
10,586 



10.904 



4,597 

2,445 

3,238 

624 



Per 
pound 



$3.28 



3.46 
3.70 
3.00 
3.11 



2.43 
2.43 
2.43 



3.45 



3.70 
3.71 
3.01 
3.47 



' Quantity of the various commercial forms is given in terms of dry full-strength toner (or dry l&ke) content. 
2 Calculated from rounded figures. 
5 Includes presscake. 

'• Separate data on these commercial forms may not be published without revealing the operations of individual 
companies. 

Note. --The C.I. (Colour Index) numbers shown in this report are the identifying numbers given in the second edition 
of the Colour Index. 

The abbreviations PMA and PTA stand for phosphomolybdic and phosphotungstic (including phosphotungstomolybdic) 
acids, respectively. 



BENZENOID PIGMENTS 



97 



TABLE 2.--Benzenoid pigments: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969 

[Benzenoid pigments for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an asterisk(*); 
products not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not 
be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 3. An x signifies that the 
manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product ] 



Pigment 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



L 



TONERS 

Yellow toners : 
*Hansa yellows: 

*Pigment Yellow 1, C.I. 11 680 

♦Pigment Yellow 3, C.I. 11 710 

Pigment Yellow 4, C.I. 11 665 

Pigment Yellow 5, C.I. 11 660 

Pigment Yellow 6, C.I. 11 670 

Pigment Yellow 9, C.I. 11 720 

Pigment Yellow 49, C.I. 11 765 

Pigment Yellow 65, C.I. 11 740 

Pigment Yellow 73 

♦Pigment Yellow 74, C.I. 11 741 

Pigment Yellow 75 

All other Hansa yellows 

♦Benzidine yellow: 

♦Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090 

♦Pigment Yellow 13, C.I. 21 100 

♦Pigment Yellow 14, C.I. 21 095 

♦Pigment Yellow 17, C.I. 21 105 

Pigment Yellow 76 

Pigment Yellow 83 

Pigment Yellow 97 

All other benzidine yellows 

Pigment Yellow 11, C.I. 10 325 

Pigment Yellow 18, C.I. 49 005 

Pigment Yellow 19 . 

Pigment Yellow 60, C.I. 12 705 

Pigment Yellow 108, C.I. 68 420 

Pigment Yellow 110 

Pigment Yellow 112 C.I. 70 600 

CBasic Yellow 2), C.I. 41 000 fugitive 

All other 

'Orange toners : 

Pigment Orange 1, C.I. 11 725 

♦Pigment Orange 2, C.I. 12 060 

♦Pigment Orange 5, C.I. 12 075 

♦Pigment Orange 13, C.I. 21 110 

Pigment Orange 15, C.I. 21 130 

♦Pigment Orange 16, C.I. 21 160 

♦Pigment Orange 34, C.I. 21 115 

Pigment Orange 43, C.I. 71 105 

(Vat Orange 2), C.I. 59 705 

(Vat Orange 4), C.I. 59 710 

(Vat Orange 15), C.I. 69 025 

All other 

'Red toners : 
♦Naphthol reds : 

♦Pigment Red 2, C.I. 12 310 

♦Pigment Red 5, C.I, 12 490 

Pigment Red 7, C.I. 12 420 

Pigment Red 9, C.I. 12 460 

Pigment Red 10, C.I. 12 440 

Pigment Red 13, C.I. 12 395 

Pigment Red 14, C.I. 12 380 



ACS, ACY, AMS, CPC, DUP, FCL, GAP, HSC, HSH, ICI, 

IMP, KON, PPG, ROM, S, SDH, SNA, SW. 
ACS, HSH, IMP, KCW, KON, PPG, ROM, S, SW. 
ACS, SNA. 
IMP. 
IMP. 
SNA. 

ICI, IMP. 
SW. 

ACS, SNA, SW, X. 
DUP, HSC, IMP, SDH, SW. 
IMP. 
DUP, KCW, SW. 

ACS, ACY, AMS, DUP, FCL, HSC, HSH, ICC, IMP, KON, 

LVY, ROM, S, SDH, SNA, SW. 

BUC, FCL, GAF, HSC, HSH, HST, ICC, IMP, ROM, SDH, 

SNA, SW. 

ACS, ACY, AMS, BUC, CIK, CPC, DUP, FCL, GAF, HSC, 

HSH, HST, ICC, IMP, KON, ROM, S, SDH, SNA, 

SW, X. 

AMS, ACY, BUC, FCL, HSH, HSC, ICC, IMP, ROM, SDH, 

SNA, SW. 



ACS, 


HST. 


HST. 




HSH, 


ICC, ROM, S, SW. 


LVR. 




IMP. 




GAF. 




SW. 




ACS. 




ACS 




ACS, 


TRC. 


MRX. 




ACS, 


ACY, ICC, IMP, S, SW. 


ACS, 


KCW. 


FCL, 


IMP, SDH, SW, UHL. 


ACY, 


HSC, IMP, SNA, SW. 


ACS, 


ACY, AMS, ICC, IMP, KON, S, . 


ACS. 




ACS, 


BUC,. DUP, FCL, GAF, HSC, HSH 


ROM, SDH, SNA, SW. 


Bl}C, 


ICC, SDH, SNA. 


ACS, 


GAF. 


GAF. 




ACS. 




GAF, 


KON, ROM. 



HST, ICC, IMP, 



ACS, HSH, IMP, KCW, KON, MRX, SDH, SW. 
DUP, GAF, HSH, ICC, ICI, IMP, ROM, S, SDH, 

SW. 
ICI, S. 
IMP. 
KCW. 

IMP, KCW, SW. 
DUP. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. — Benzenoid pigments: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969- -Continued 



Pigment 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



TONERS--Continued 

*Red toners--Continued 
*Naphthol reds --Continued 

Pigment Red 15, C.I. 12 465 

♦Pigment Red 17, C.I. 12 390 

♦Pigment Red 18, C.I. 12 350 

♦Pigment Red 22, C.I. 12 315 

♦Pigment Red 23, C.I. 12 355 

Pigment Red 31, C.I. 12 360 

Pigment Red 112, C.I. 12 370 

All other naphthol reds 

♦Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, dark 

♦Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, light 

♦Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120 

♦Pigment Red 4, C.I. 12 085 

Pigment Red 6, C.I. 12 090 

♦Pigment Red 38, C.I. 21 120 

Pigment Red 40, C.I. 12 170 

Pigment Red 41, C.I. 21 200 

♦Pigment Red 48, C.I. 15 865 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630: 
♦Barium Toner 

♦Calcium toner 

♦Sodium toner 

Other r 

♦Pigment Red 52, C.I. 15 860 

♦Pigment Red 53, C.I. 15 585, barium toner- 
Pigment Red 53, C.I. 15 585, sodium toner- 
Pigment Red 54, C.I. 14 830, calcium toner 
Pigment Red 55, C.I. 15 820 

♦Pigment Red 57, C.I. 15 850, calcium toner 

Pigment Red 58, C.I. 15 825 

♦Pigment Red 63, C.I. 15 880 ^^-- 

Pigment Red 64, C.I. 15 800 

Pigment Red 77, C.I. 15 826 

Pigment Red 79, PMA 

Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, fugitive 

♦Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PMA 

♦Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PTA 

Pigment Red 87, C.I. 73 310 

Pigment Red 88 

♦Pigment Red 90, C.I. 45 380 

Pigment Red 91 

Pigment Red 92 

Pigment Red 94 

Pigment Red 117, C.I. 15 603 

Pigment Red 122 

Pigment Red 123, C.I. 71 145 

Pigment Red 168, C.I. 59 300 

Pigment Red 177 

Pigment Red 179, C.I. 71 130 - 

Pigment Red 190, C.I. 71 140 

(Basic Red 2), C.I. 50 240 

All other 

♦Violet toners: 

Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, fugitive--- 

♦Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, PMA 

♦Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, PTA 

Pigment Violet 2, C.I. 45 175 

♦Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, fugitive--- 
♦Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, PMA 



DUP. 

ACY, FCL, ICC, IMP, ROM, S, SNA, SW, UHL. 

ACS, IMP, SW. 

ACY, DUP, GAP, IMP, MRX, ROM, SNA, SW. 

ACS, ACY, BUC, DUP, FCL, ICC, IMP, ROM, SDH, SNA, SW. 

SNA. 

X. 

ICC, KCW, ROM, S, SDH, SW. 

ACY, AMS, HSC, HSH, IMP, KON, LVY, SDH, SW. 

ACY, HSC, HSH, IMP, KON, PPG, SHD, SW. 

ACY, CIK, CPC, DUP, HSC, HSH, IMP. KCW, KON, PPG, 

SDH, SNA, SW, UHL. 
ACY, AMS, FCL, HSC, IMP, KON, MRX, SDH, SNA, SW. 
DUP, HSC, HSH, KCW, KON, SW. 
ACS, DUP, GAF, ICC, SNA, SW. 
KON. 
ACS . 
ACS, ACY, AMS, DUP, FCL, GAF, HSC, HSH, ICC, IMP, 

KON, LVY, MRX, S, SNA, SW. 

ACY, AMS, CIK, FCL, HSC, IMP, KON, LVY, SDH, SW, 

UHL. 
ACY, AMS, FCL, HSC, IMP, LVY, PPG, SDH, SW. 
ACY, AMS, HSC, KON, SDH, SW. 
GAF. 

AMS, FCL, HSC, HSH, IMP, SNA, SW. 
ACY, AMS, CIK, FCL, HSC, IMP, KON, LVY, MGR, MRX, 

SDH, SNA, SW. 
KON. 

HSH, IMP, SDH. 
DUP, IMP. 
ACS, AMS, CIK, DUP, FCL, HSC, HSH, IMP, KON, LVY, 

MGR, SDH, SNA, SW. 
DUP, GAF, IMP. 
ACS, HSH, KON, SNA, SW. 

ACS. 

SW. 

GAF. 

KCW, MGR, SNA. 

CPC, DUP, FCL, GAF, IMP, KON, LVR, LVY, MGR, MRX, 

S, SNA, TCD, UUL. 
ACY, AMS, DUP, FCL, GAF, HSC. IMP, KON, MGR, MRX, 

S, SDH, SNA, UHL. 
ACS, TCD. 
ACS, SDH. 

AMS, FCL, ICC, IMP, LVR, LVY. SDH, TCD. 
TCD. 
TCD. 
TCD. 
SW. 

ACS, ACY, SNA. 
ACS. 

ACS, TRC. 
TRC. 
ACS. 

ACS, GAF, HSC, SNA. 
GAF. 
ACS, DUP, GAF, HAM, HSC, SW, x. 

UHL. 

GAF, IMP, LVR, MGR, MRX, S, SNA. 

ACY, AMS, DUP, FCL, GAF, HSC, IMP, KON, MGR, 

MRX, SNA. 
TCD. 

ACY, AMS, HAM, HSC, IMP, KON, LVY, MGR, UHL. 
AMS, CIK, DUP, GAF, HSC, IMP, KON, LVR, LVY, 

MGR, MRX, PPG, SDH, SNA, SW, UHL. 



BENZENOID PIGMENTS 



99 



TABLE 2. 



-Benzenoid pigments: Items for which U. S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Pigment 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table S) 



TONERS--Continued 

*Violet toners — Continued 

♦Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, PTA 

Pigment Violet S, C.I. 58 055 

Pigment Violet 19, C.I. 46 500 

•Pigment Violet 23, C.I. 51 319 

Pigment Violet 31, C.I. 60 010 

Pigment Violet 36, C.I. 73 385 

Pigment Violet 38, C.I. 73 395 

All other 

*Blue toners : 

♦Pigment Blue 1, C.I. 42 595, PMA 

♦Pigment Blue 1, C.I. 42 595, PTA 

Pigment Blue 2, C.I. 44 045, PMA 

Pigment Blue 2, C.I. 44 045, PTA-'-- --- 

Pigment Blue 3, C.I. 42 140, PMA -- 

Pigment Blue 9, C.l. 42 025, PMA 

Pigment Blue 9, C.I. 42 025, PTA 

Pigment Blue 10, C.I. 44 040, PMA 

Pigment Blue 10, C.I. 44 040, PTA 

♦Pigment Blue 14, C.I. 42 600, PMA 

Pigment Blue 14, C.I. 42 600, PTA 

♦Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, alpha form 

♦Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, beta form 

♦Pigment Blue 19, C.I. 42 750A 

♦Pigment Blue 22, C.I. 69 810 

♦Pigment Blue 25, C.I. 21 180 

Pigment Blue 64, C.I. 69 825 

All other 

♦Green toners : 

Pigment Green 1, C.I. 42 040, PMA 

♦Pigment Green 1, C.I. 42 040, PTA 

♦Pigment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and 49 005, PMA 

♦Pigment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and 49 005, PTA 

Pigment Green 4, C.I. 42 000, fugitive 

Pigment Green 4, C.I. 42 000, PMA 

♦Pigment Green 4, C.I. 42 000, PTA 

♦Pigment Green 7, C.I. 74 260 

♦Pigment Green 8, C.I. 10 006 

♦Pigment Green 10, C.I. li 775 

♦Pigment Green 36, C.I. 74 265 

Pigment Green 38 

All other 

♦Brown' toners : 

Pigment Brown 1, C.I. 12 480 

Pigment Brown 2, C.I. 12 071 

Pigment Brown 3, C.I. 21 010, fugitive 

Pigment Brown 3, C.I. 21 010, PMA 

♦Pigment Brown 5, C.I. IS 800 

Pigment Brown 28, C.I. 69 015 

All other 

♦Black toners: 

Pigment Black 1, C.I. 50 440 

Pigment Black 7, C.I. 77 266 

All other 

LAKES 

Yellow Lakes: 

(Acid Yellow 23), C.I. 19 140 

(Acid Yellow 73), C.I. 45 350 

Orange lakes: 

Pigment Orange 7, C.I. 15 530 

Pigment Orange 17, C.I. 15 510 

All other 



ACY, AMS, GAP, HSC, IMP, KON, MRX, SNA, 

TCD. 
S. 

ACS, DUP, SNA. 
ACS, ACY, GAP, HST, SDC. 
DUP, ICI. 
ACS. 
ACS. 
BUC, ICC, IMP, ROM. 

DUP, GAP, IMP, KON, LVY, MGR, MRX, SNA, 

SW, TCD, UHL. 
AMS, GAP, IMP, MGR, SNA, SW, TCD. 
GAP. 



SW, 



HAM, 


KON. 






LVR. 








GAP, 


IMP, 


MGR, 


SDH 


IMP, 


SDH. 






IMP. 








DUP, 


GAP, 


IMP. 




DUP, 


GAP. 






ACS, 


ACY. 


BUC, 


DUP 



GAP, HSC, ICC, ICI, IMP, MGR, 

SNA, SW, TMS, TRC. 
ACS, ACY, AMS, DUP, FCL, GAP, HSC, ICC, IMP, 

LVY, SNA, SW, TMS. 
ACY, AMS, HSC, SW, TCD. 
ACS, DUP, TCD, TRC. 
ACS, DUP, GAP, ICC, S. 
ICI, TRC. 
DUP, GAP, S, SDH. 



GAP, 


IMP, 


UHL. 








IMP, 


MGR, 


S. 








GAP, 


IMP, 


KON, 


LVY, 


MGR, 


MRX, UHL. 


ACY, 


AMS, 


DUP, 


GAP, 


IMP, 


KON, MRX, S, SDH, 


UHL. 










GAP. 












GAP, 


KON, 


MGR. 








ACY, 


AMS, 


HAM, 


IMP, 


KON, 


MGR. 


ACS, 


ACY, 


CIK, 


DUP, 


FCL, 


GAP, HSC, ICC, IMP 


SNA, SW 


, TMS 


, TRC 






HSH, 


IMP, 


KCW, 


SW. 






DUP, 


HSC, 


IMP, 


SW. 






ACS, 


ACY, 


GAP, 


SNA. 






ACS, 


DUP. 










GAP, 


IMP, 


SW. 








ICI. 












HSH, 


SDH. 










KON. 












KCW, 


KON. 










ACS, 


BUC, 


HSH, 


ICC, 


ROM, 


SNA. 


GAP. 












GAP, 


ICC, 


SDH. 








SNA. 












GAP. 












DUP, 


GAP, 


UHL. 









KON, MRX. 
TCD. 

CPC. 

IMP, KCW, KON. 

HAM. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. — Benzenoid pigments: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manxifacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Pigment 


Manufacturers* identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 


LAKES— Continued 

Red Lakes : 

♦Pigment Red 60, C.I. 16 105 

♦Pigment Red 83, C.I. 58 000 


HSH, KON, MRX, SNA. 

HSH, IMP, KON, MRX, UHL. 

IMP, KCW. 

CPC, HAM, IMP, KCW. 

KON. 

KON. 

HAM, IMP. 

ACS, DUP, HSH, IMP, KON, UHL. 

SW. 

HAM. 

CPC, KCW. 

AMS, KON, LVY, SDH. 

LVR. 

CPC, KCW. 

IMP. 

HAM, LVR. 

CPC, KON 
HAM. 


*(Acid Red 26), C.I. 16 150 

CAcid Red 27), C.I. 16 185 

(Natural Red 4), C.I. 75 470 


Violet lakes: 

♦Pigment Violet 5, C.I. 58 055- 

Pigment Violet 20, C.I. 58 225 - 

All other 

Blue lakes: 


Pigment Blue 24, C.I. 42 090 - 

(Acid Blue 93), C.I. 42 780 

(Acid Blue 104), C.I. 42 735 

Green lakes 

Brown lakes 

Black lakes: 

(Natural Black 3), C.I. 75 291 





Note. --The C.I. (Colour Index) numbers shown in this report are the identifying codes given in the seqond edition of 
the Colour Index. 

When the name of a color is enclosed in parentheses, it indicates that this name is that of the dye from which the 
pigment can be made and that no name for the pigment itself is given in the Colour Index. 

The abbreviations PMA and PTA stand for phosphomolybdic and phosphotungstic (including phosphotungstomolybdic) 
acids, respectively. 



BENZENOID HGMENTS 



101 



TABLE 3.- -Benzenoid pigments: Directory of manufacturers, 1969 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


ACS 


Allied Chemical Corp., Specialty Chemicals 


KCW 


Keystone Color Works, Inc. 




Div. 


KON 


H. Kohnstamm § Co., Inc. 


ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. 






AMS 


Martin-Marietta Corp., Ridgway Color § 








Chemical Div. 


LVR 


C. Lever Co. , Inc. 






LVY 


Cities Service Co., Levey Div. 


BUC 


Blackman-Uhler Chemical Co. 










MGR 


Magruder Color Co., Inc. 






MRX 


Max Marx Color 6 Chemical Co. 


CIK 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc., Cal/Ink Div. 






CPC 


Childs Pulp Colors, Inc. 










PPG 


PPG Industries, Inc. 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours 5 Co., Inc. 










ROM 


United Merchants S Manufacturers, Inc. 
Roma Chemical Div. 


FCL 


Sun Chemical Corp., Federal Color 
Laboratories Div. 










S 


Sandoz , Inc . 






SDC 


Martin-Marietta Corp., Southern Dyestuff 


GAP 


GAP Corp., Dyestuff d. Chemical Div. 




Co. Div. 






SDH 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Hilton-Davis 
Chemical Co. Div. 


HAM 


Hampden Color § Chemical Co. 


SNA 


Sun Chemical Corp., Ansbacher-Siegle Div. 


HSC 


Chemetron Corp., Pigments Div. 


SW 


The Sherwin-Williams Co. 


HSH 


Harshaw Chemical Co. Div. of Kewanee 
Oil Co. 






HST 


American Hoechst Corp. 


TCD 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc., Tenneco Colors 
Div. 






TOS 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Thomasset Colors Div. 


ICC 


Inmont Corp. 


TRC 


Toms River Chemical Corp. 


ICI 


ICI America, Inc. 






IMP 


Hercules, Inc., Imperial Color S Chemical 






I- 


Dept. 


UHL 


Paul Uhlick g Co., Inc. 



Note. — For complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies, refer to table 1 in the Appendix. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 103 



Medicinal chemicals include the medicinal and feed grades of all 
organic chemicals having therapeutic value, whether obtained by chemical 
synthesis, by fermentation, by extraction from naturally occurring 
plant or animal substances, or by refining a technical grade product. 
They include antibiotics and other anti-infective agents, antihistamines, 
autonomic drugs, cardiovascular agents, central nervous system depres- 
sants and stimulants, hormones and synthetic substitutes, vitamins, and 
other therapeutic agents for human or veterinary use and for animal feed 
supplements. 

Table 1 shows statistics for production and sales ot medicinal 
chemicals grouped by pharmacological class. ■^ The statistics shown 
are for bulk chemicals only; finished pharmaceutical preparations and 
products put up in pills, capsules, tablets, or other measured doses 
are excluded.^ The difference between production and sales reflects 
inventory changes, processing losses, and captive consumption of 
medicinal chemicals processed into ethical and proprietary pharma- 
ceutical products by the primary manufacturer. In some instances, 
the difference may also include quantities of medicinal grade 
products used as intermediates, e.g., penicillin G salts used as 
intermediates in the manufacture of semisynthetic penicillins. All 
quantities are given in terms of 100-percent content of the pure bulk 
drug. 

Total U.S. production of bulk medicinal chemicals in 1969 amounted 
to 200 million pounds, or 12.9 percent more than the 177 million pounds 
produced in 1968 and 11.1 percent more than the 180 million pounds pro- 
duced in 1967. Total sales; of bulk- medicinal chemicals in 1969 amounted 
to 145 million pounds, valued at $462 million, compared with sales in 
1968 of 123 million pounds, valued at $415 million, and sales in 1967 of 
127 million pounds, valued at $385 million. In terms of quantity, sales 
in 1969 were thus 18.2 percent larger than in 1968 and 14.1 percent 
latger than in 1967. In terms of value, sales in 1969 were 11.3 per- 
cent larger than in 1968 and 19.9 percent larger than in 1967. 

See also table 2 of this section which lists these products and 

identifies the manufacturers of each from the list in table 3. Imports 

of medicinal chemicals in 1968 and 1969 are given in table 2 in the 
Appendix. 

Complementary statistics on the dollar value of manufacturers' ship- 
ments of finished pharmaceutical preparations, except biologicals, are 
published annually by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the 
Census, in Current Industrial Reports, Series MA-28G. Many pharmaceu- 
tical manufacturers who report to the Bureau of the Census are excluded 
from the Tariff Commission report because they are not primary producers 
of medicinal chemicals, that is, they do not themselves produce the bulk 
drugs which go into their pharmaceutical products but purchase their 
drug requirements from domestic or foreign producers. 



10i+ SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



Production of the more important groups of medicinal chemicals in 
1969 was as follows: Antibiotics, 13.2 million pounds (29 percent larger 
than in 1968), of which 7.4 million pounds was for medicinal use and 5.8 
million pounds was for other uses; anti-infective agents other than 
antibiotics, 33.7 million pounds (1.5 percent smaller than in 1968); 
central nervous system depressants and stimulants, 52.0 million pounds 
(21 percent larger); gastrointestinal agents, 58.3 million pounds (21 per- 
cent larger) ; and vitamins, 17.6 million pounds (4 percent larger). Pro- 
duction of some of the more important individual products listed in table 
1 was as follows: Choline chloride, 41.9 million pounds (20 percent 
larger than in 1968); aspirin, 37.3 million pounds (21 percent larger); 
methionine and its hydroxy analogue, 14.6 million pounds (44 percent 
larger); salicylic acid, 13.7 million pounds (18 percent larger); 
piperazine base and salts, 8.0 million pounds (8 percent smaller); 
ascorbic acid, 7.0 million pounds (4 percent larger); anti- infective 
sulfonamides, 4.9 million pounds (2.5 percent larger); penicillins (ex- 
cept semi-synthetic), 2,462 trillion units (U percent larger); tetra- 
cyclines, 2.1 million kilograms (38 percent larger); vitamin A, 1,192 
trillion units (12 percent larger); and vitamin E, 476 billion units 
(15 percent larger) . 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



105 



Table l.—Medicinal chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1969 

[Listed below are all synthetic organic medicinal chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales may 
be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or 
where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists all medicinal chemicals for which data on production or sales were 
reported and identifies the manufacturer of each ] 



Production' 



Quantity 



1,000 
pounds 



Grand total 

Acyclic 

Benzenoid' 

Cyclic nonbenzenoid'* 

Antibiotics, total 

For medicinal use, total 

Antifungal and anti tubercular antibiotics 

Bacitracin 

Penicillins, total' •- 

Ampicillin 

Penicillin G, potassium 

All other 

Other antibiotics for medicinal use 

For other uses, total 

Bacitracin 

All other 

Antihistamines, total 

Antinauseants 

Chlorpheniramine maleate 

All other 

Anti- infective agents (except antibiotics), total 

Arsenic, bismuth, and mercury compounds, total 

Phenolic antiseptics and disinfectants 

Piperazine base and salts, total 

Piperazine 1 

All other 

Quinoline derivatives, total 

Diiodohydroxyquin 

Oxyquinoline benzoate 

All other 

Sulfonamides , total 

Groups listed above for which separate sales data may 

not be shown 

Other anti-infective agents, total 

Anthelmintic agents 

Antibacterial agents and general antiseptics, total- 
Urinary antiseptics, total 

Methanamine salts 

All other 

Other antibacterial agents and general antiseptics 

Antifungal agents 

Antiprotozoan agents 

Autonomic drugs, total 

Parasympatholytic (anticholinergic) quaternary 

ammonium compounds ' 

Parasympatholytic (anticholinergic) tertiary amines — 

Sympathomimetic (adrenergic) agents, total 

Epinephrine hydrochloride (racemic) 

Phenylpropanolamine hydrochloride 

All other 

Other autonomic drugs 



73,616 

107,867 

18,551 



15.199 



7,360 

706 

25 

4,035 

688 

1,986 

1,361 

2,594 

5,839 

412 

5,427 

575 



46 
460 



53,705 



3,527 

312 

7,981 

3,875 

4,108 

538 

28 

2 

508 

4,916 



16,431 

7,335 

3,435 

762 

434 

328 

2,673 

1,038 

4,623 



622 



61 
510 



237 
272 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



56,689 
75,069 
13,044 



3,202 



16 
1,374 



1,374 
1,812 
2,246 
324 
1,922 

261 



243 
25.014 



239 
5,152 

831 
4,521 

540 
15 



3,952 

15,351 

7,657 

2,022 

591 

591 
1,451 
1,119 
4.553 

501 



29 
453 



36,585 
325,708 
99,527 



115,555 



89,561 



1,419 
57,149 



37.149 
50.793 
26,194 
4,975 
21,219 

10.780 



262 
10,518 



95,676 



599 
5,260 

640 

2,620 

2,049 

56 



11,496 

78,472 

56,551 

5,225 

1,166 

1,166 

4,059 

946 

55,770 

9.267 



1.396 
6.475 
92 
1.749 
4,634 
1,596 



See footnotes at end of table. 



106 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 1. --Medicinal chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1969--Continued 



Production' 



Quantity 



1,000 



Cardiovascular agents, total 

Vasodilators 

Other cardiovascular agents ' 

Central depressants and stimulants, total 

Amphetamines, total 

A.,iphetamine base and sulfate (racemic) 

All other 

Analgesics and antipyretics, total 

Acetaminophen 

Aspirin 

Salicylates (except aspirin) 

All other 

Antidepressants 

Barbiturates, total 

Pentobarbital, sodium 

All other 

Hydrocodone bitartrate 

Hypnotics and sedatives (except barbiturates) 

Skeletal muscle relaxants and tranquilizers, total 

Meprob amat e 

All other 

Other central depressants and stimulants' 

Dermatological agents and local anesthetics, cotal-- 

Bismuth subgallate 

Lidocaine 

Salicylic acid ■ 

All other 

Expectorants and mucolytic agents, total 

Ethyl enediamine dihydriodide 

All other 

Gastrointestinal agents, total 

Choleretics and hydrocholeretics 

Choline chloride (all grades) 

Methionine and its hydroxy analogue 

All other 

Hematological agents, total 

Anticoagulants, total 

Sodium heparin- 

All other 

Other hematological agents 

Hormones and synthetic substitutes, total 

Corticosteroids 

Synthetic hypoglycemic agents 

All other 

Renal-acting and edema- reducing agents, total 

Mercurial diuretics 

Theophylline derivatives 

All other 

Therapeutic nutrients, total 

Amino acids and salts 

Calcium salts 

Other therapeutic nutrients 



1,095 





31 




52 


45 


461 


2 


825 


37 


273 


2 


39 3 


2 


970 




78 




836 




97 




739 



674 
3,307 



2,401 



974 
,427 



58,336 



126 

41,921 

14,640 

1,649 

28 



1,595 
181 



1.640 



1,195 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



2,888 
27,053 



1.204 
3,433 



13,094 
768 



9 70 
1,405 



26,133 

16,923 

1,551 



308 
56 



(') 



65 
98« 



444 
629 
390 



69,506 



69 2 
36,194 



2,947 
33,247 



326 
7,047 



7,047 
25,247 



6,312 



149 

191 

4,948 

1,024 

3,967 



1,491 
2,476 



15,215 



3,736 
8,363 
3,116 

1,528 



1,528 
17,034 



1,190 
15,844 



229 
5,343 



757 
426 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



107 



TABLE 1. --Medicinal chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 196 9- -Continued 



Production' 



Quantity 



Unit 

value^ 



Vitamins, total 

Vitamin A alcohol and esters, total 

Vitamin A palmitate Cfeed grade) 

All other 

Vitamin B-complex, total 

Niacin [all grades) 

Niacinamide 

Pantothenic acid and derivatives, total 

Calcium pantothenate (racemic) (feed grade) - 

All other 

Riboflavin (feed grade) : — 

Other B-complex vitamins 

Vitamin C, total 

Ascorbic acid 

All other 

Vitamin D'° 

Vitamin E'° 

Vitamin K 

Miscellaneous medicinal chemicals" 



1,000 
pounds 



17,647 



1,000 



u,m 



1,000 
cbltai's 



71,545 



1,364 

1,023 

341 

6,297 

1,968 

1,014 

1,581 

982 

599 

544 

1,190 

8,866 

6,956 

1,910 

10 

892 

218 



1,018 

720 

298 

5,663 

1,972 

1,013 

1,327 

744 

583 

428 

923 

7,368 

5,342 

2,026 

4 

644 



1,256 



22,584 

12,280 

10,304 

24,234 

2,001 

1,869 

3,155 

1,422 

1,733 

3,764 

13,445 

12,279 

8,585 

3,694 

655 

11,260 

533 

38,170 



Per 
poKnd 



22.18 

17.06 

34.58 

4.28 

1.01 

1.85 

2.38 

1.91 

2.97 

8.79 

14.57 

1.67 

1.61 

1.82 

163.75 

17,48 

6.66 

■30.39 



' The data on production and sales are for bulk medicinal chemicals only; they exclude finished preparations 
and dosage-form products, which are manufactured from bulk chemicals. All quantities are given in terms of 
100% active ingredient. 

^ Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ The term "benzenoid," as used in this report, describes any cyclic medicinal chemical whose molecule con- 
tains either a six-membered carbocylic ring with conjugated double bonds (e.g., the benzene ring or the 
quinone ring) or a six-membered heterocyclic ring with 1 or 2 hetero atoms and conjugated double bonds, except 
the pyrimidine ring (e.g., the pyridine ring or the pyrazine ring). 

* Includes antibiotics of unknown structure. 

^ With the exception of bacitracin, the penicillins (except semi-synthetic), and a few other antibiotics which 
were reported in terms of U.S. P. units, all quantities for antibiotics were reported as grams of antibiotic base. 
(Thus production of 480,900 grams of tetracycline hydrochloride, for example, would have been reported as 444,430 
grams of tetracycline base.) For inclusion in the main statistical table, all quantities were converted from 
grams of antibiotic base to pounds of antibiotic base (453.6 grams = 1 pound) or from U.S. P. units to pounds (22.7 
million units of bacitracin, 458 million units of procaine penicillin G, 723 million units of potassium peni- 
cillin G, etc. = 1 pound). The following tabulation shows statistics for all individually publishable anti- 
biotics in terms of kilograms. of antibiotic base (Kg.) or billions of U.S. P. units (BU) ; 



Unit of 
quantity 



Production 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 



Ampicillin- 



Bacitracin, total 

For medicinal use- 
For other uses 



Neomycin, for all uses- 



Penicillins (except semi-synthetics), total- 
Penicillin G, potassium, for medicinal use 

Penicillin G, procaine, for all uses 

All other, for all uses 

Tetracyclines, for all uses 



312,076 
9,925 



570 
9,355 



178,204 



1,436,232 
746,281 
279,047 

2,052,472 



1,000 
dollars 



373 
7,349 



41,126 
1,173,366 



1,419 
4,975 



1,413 
19 , 379 



616,773 
556,593 



381,248 



10,891 



$828.02 



3,804.29 
676.96 



34.36 
16.52 



17.66 
15.25 



108 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



Footnotes for table i--Continued 

^ Some of the data shown for tetracyclines in footnote 5 of the 1968 report were incorrect because of a clerical 
error. Production should have been 1,483,593 kilograms; sales, 401,172 kilograms; and the average unit value of 
ales, $49.64 per kilogram. The published value of sales ($19,913,000) was correct. 

Production of medicinal and feed grades of all pencillins (except semi-synthetics) amounte4 to 4,037,000 pounds, 
sales amounted to 2,121,000 pounds, valued at $19,379,000. 

° Includes production and sales of anticonvulsants, antitussives (except hydrocodone bitartrate) and stimulants; 
also includes sales of antidepressants, barbiturates, and hyptnotics and sedatives. 

' Sales of mercurial diuretics amounted to 363 pounds. 

'° All quantities for vitamin A, B12, D, and E were reported in terms of grams or units, but were converted to 
pounds for inclusion in the main statistical table (1.317 billion units of vitamin A acetate, 0.824 billion units 
of vitamin A palmitate, 453.6 grams of vitamins B12, 18.14 billion units of vitamin D, 617,000 units of d-alpha 
tocopheryl acetate, 454,000 units of dl-alpha tocopheryl acetate, etc. = 1 pound). The following tabulation shows 
statistics for these vitamins, except for B12, which was not separately publishable, in terms of million of inter- 
national units (MU) or billion of U.S. P. units (BU) : 



Unit 

of 

quantity 



Production 



Quantity 



■i,ouo 

dollars 



Unit 
value 



Vitamin A, total 

Vitamin A palmitate (feed grade) - 
All other 

Vitamin D 

Vitamin E 



---BU-- 
---BU-- 



---BU— - 
._-MU--- 



842,907 
348,678 



475,838 



593,176 
305,619 



79 , 59 7 
361,133 



12,280 
10,304 



11,260 



$25.13 



20.70 
33.72 



11 Includes production and sales of antineoplastic agents, diagnostic a:ents, smooth-muscle relaxants, and un- 
classified medicinal chemicals; also includes sales of cardiovascular agents. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



109 



TABLE 2.— Medicinal chemicals: Items for which U.S. prodactjon or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969 



[Medicinal chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an asterisk (*); medic- 
inal chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may 
not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 3. An x signifies that the 
manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product ] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3^ 



'Antibiotics : 

*For medicinal use: 

'Antifungal and antitubercular antibiotics 
Antifungal antibiotics: 

Amphotericin B 

Candicidin 

Nystatin 

Antitubercular antibiotics: 

Cycloserine 

Dihydrostreptomycin 

Streptomycin 

Viomycin 

'Bacitracin 

'Penicillins: 

'Ampicillin 

Ampicillin, sodium 

Cloxacillin, sodium 

Dicloxacillin 

Dicloxacillin, sodium 

Hetacillin 

Methicillin, sodium 

Nafcillin, sodium 

Oxacillinv sodium 

Penicillin G, benzathine 

'Penicillin G, potassium 

Penicillin G, procaine 

Penicillin G, sodium 

Penicillin 0, sodium 

Phenethicillin, potassium 

Phenoxymethylpenicillin (Penicillin V) 

Phenoxymethylpenicillin, benzathine 

Phenoxymethylpenicillin, hydrabamine 

Phenoxymethylpenicillin, potassium 

'Other antibiotics for medicinal use: 

Cephalexin 

Cephaloglycin 

Cephaloridine 

Cephalothin 

Chloramphenicol 

Clindamycin 

Erythromycin 

Fumagillin 

Gentamycin 

Gramicidin 

Kanamycin 

Lincomycin 

Neomycin 

Novobiocin 

Oleandomycin 

Paromomycin 

Polymyxin B 

Spectinomycin 

Tetracyclines: 

Chlortetracycline 

Demeclocycline 

Doxycycline 

Methacycline 

LOxy tetracycline 
Tetracycline 
Thiostrepton 
Troleandomycin 
Tyrothricin 
Vancomycin 



COM. 








MRK, 


PFZ. 






MRK, 


PFZ. 






PFZ. 








COM, 


PEN, 


PFZ, 


PMP 


BEE, 


BRS, 


OMS, 


WYT 


OMS. 








BEE, 


BRS. 






BRS. 








BEE. 








BRS. 








BRS. 








WYT. 








BEE, 


BRS. 






WYT. 








LIL, 


OMS, 


PFZ, 


WYT 


LIL, 


OMS, 


PFZ, 


WYT 


OMS. 








PFZ. 








BRS, 


PFZ. 






ABB, 


LIL. 






WYT. 








ABB. 








ABB, 


LIL, 


OMS. 




LIL. 








LIL. 








LIL. 








LIL. 








PD, 


RLS. 






X. 








ABB 


. LIL. 







OMS, 


PEN, 


PFZ, 


UPJ 


MRK, 


UPJ. 






PFZ. 








MRK. 








PFZ. 








ABB, 


X. 






ACY, 


RLS. 






ACY. 








PFZ. 








PFZ. 








PFZ, 


RLS-. 






ACY, 


BRS, 


PFZ, 


RLS 


OMS. 








PFZ. 









uo 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. — Medicinal chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



•Antibiotics --Continued 
*For other uses: 

*Bacitracin 

Chlortetracycline 

Cyclohexiraide 

Hygromycin B 

Neomycin 

Novobiocin 

Oxy tetracycline 

Penicillin G, benzathine 

Penicillin G, procaine 

Streptomycin 

Tylosin 

* Antihistamines: 
*Antinaus eants : 

Cyclizine hydrochloride 

Dimenhydrinate 

Meclizine hydrochloride 

Trimethobenzamide hydrochloride 

Bromodiphenhy dramine hy droch loride 

Brompheniramine male ate 

Carbinoxamine 

Carb inoxamine D- tartrate 

Chlorcyclizine hydrochloride 

Chlorothen citrate 

•Chlorpheniramine maleate 

Cyproheptadine hydrochloride 

Dexbrompheniramine maleatir 

Dexchl orph eniramine mal eat e 

Dimethindene maleate 

Diphenhydramine hydrochloride 

Doxylamine succinate 

Methapyrilene fumarate 

Methapyrilene hybenzate 

Methapyrilene hydrochloride 

Ph eni ndami ne tartrate 

Ph eniramine mal eate 

Phenyl toloxamine citrate 

Promethazine hydrochloride 

Pyrilamine maleate 

Pyrilamine resin adsorbate 

Pyrrobut amine phosphate 

Thenyldi amine hydrochloride 

Th on zyl amine hydrochloride 

Trip e 1 ennamine 

Tripelennamine citrate 

Trip el ennamine hydrochloride 

Triprolidine hydrochloride 

*Anti-infective agents (except antibiotics) 
•Arsenic, bismuth, and mercury compounds: 

Acetarsone 

Arsanilic acid 

Bismuth dipropylacetate 

Bismuth sodium triglycollamate 

Bismuth subsalicylate 

Carbarsone 

Glycobiarsol 

Merbromin 

Mercuric salicylate 

Nitarsone 

Nitromersol 

Phenylmercuric benzoate 

Pheny Imercuri c borate 

Ph eny Imercuric ch lori de 

Ph eny Imercuri c nit rate 

Roxarsone 

Roxarsone sodium 

Sodium arsanilate' 

Thimerosal 



COM, 


DLI, GPR, PEN, PMP 


ACY, 


DLL 


UP J. 




LIL. 




PEN, 


PFZ. 


UP J. 




PFZ. 




WYT. 




MRK, 


OMS. 


NfRK, 


PFZ. 


LIL. 




BUR. 




HEX, 


SRL. 


PFZ. 




HOF. 




PD. 




SCH. 




SCH. 




SCH. 




ABB, 


BUR. 


ACY. 




HEX, 


SCH, SK, X. 


MRK. 




SCH. 




SCH. 




CBP. 




GAN, 


PD, RLS. 


BKC. 





LIL. 

ABB. 

HOF. 

HEX, SCH, X. 

BRS. 

WYT. 

HEX, MRK. 

MRK. 

LIL. 

SDW. 

NEP. 

CBP. 

CBP. 

CBP. 

BUR. 



SDW. 
WHL. 

X. 

BPC. 

MAL, NOR, PEN. 

LIL, PYL, WHL. 

PYL, SDW. 

HYN. 

MRK. 

SAL. 

ABB. 

MRK. 

MRK. 

MRK. 

MRK. 

SAL. 

SAL. 

SAL. 

LIL, PYL, SEL. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MEDICINA.L CHEMICALS 



m 



TABLE 2. —Medicinal chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manitfacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3] 



*Anti- infective agents (except antibiotics) --Continued 

*Phenolic antiseptics and disinfectants; 

Betanaphthol' 

Bithionol 

Resorcinol' 

Thymol 

Thymol iodide 

*Piperazine base and salts: 

*Piperazine* 

Piperazine adipate 

Piperazine citrate 

Piperazine dihydrochloride 

Piperazine dithiocarbamate 

Piperazine hexahydrate 

Piperazine hydrochloride 

Piperazine phosphate 

Piperazine sulfate 

Piperazine tartrate 

*Quinoline derivatives: 

Amodiaquin 

Amodiaquin hydrochloride 

Buquinolate 

Chloroquine phosphate 

*Diiodohydroxyquin 

Hydroxychloroquine sulfate 

8-Hydroxy-5-quinolinesulfonic acid 

lodochlorhydroxyquin 

Oxolinic acid 

Oxyquinoline 

*Oxyquinoline benzoate 

Oxyquinoline citrate 

Oxyquinoline sulfate 

Primaquine phosphate 

* Sulfonamides: 

Acetyl sulfamethoxypyridazine 

Acetyl sulfisoxazole 

Azosulf amide 

Dinsed 

Mafenide acetate 

Mafenide hydrochloride 

Phthalylsulfacetamide 

Phthalylsulfathiazole 

Succinylsulfathiazole 

Sulfabenzamide 

Sulfabenzamide, sodium 

Sulfabromomethazine, sodium 

Sulfacetamide 

Sulfacetamide, sodium 

Sulfachloropyrazine, sodium 

Sulfachloropyridazine, sodium 

Sulfadiazine 

Sulfadiazine, sodium 

Sulfadimethoxine 

Sulfaethidole 

Sulfaguanidine 

Sulfamerazine 

Sulfamerazine, sodium 

Sulfamethazine 

Sulfamethazine, sodium 

Sulfamethizole 

Sulfamethoxazole 

Sulfamethoxypyridazine 

Sulfanilamide 

Sulfanitran 

Sulfapyridine 

Sulfapyridine, sodium 

Sulfaquinoxaline 



ACY. 
SDH. 

KPT, LEM. 
GIV. 
MAL. 



DOW, 
PYL. 
BUR. 
DOW, 
SEL. 
JCC. 
DOW, 
BUR, 
JCC. 
PYL. 

PD. 

PD. 

UOP. 

SDW. 

CBP, 

SDW. 

MRK. 

CBP, 

NEP, 

FIS, 

FIS 

FIS, 

FIS, 

PD, 



FLM, JCC, UCC. 
FLM, JCC, SEL, WHL. 



JCC. 

JCC, PYL, SEL. 



FIN, LEM, PYL, RSA, SRL. 



PYL. 

LEM, MRK. 
LEM, MRK. 
MRK. 

LEM, MRK. 
SDW. 



ACY. 

HOF. 

SDW. 

SA'L. 

SDW. 

SDW. 

CTN, LEM. 

LEM, MRK, PYL. 

MRK, PYL. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

MRK. 

CTN, LEM. 

CTN, LEM. 

ACY. 

CBP. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

HOF. 

ACY. 

ACY, SAL. 

ACY, LEM. 

ACY, CTN. 

ACY, LEM. 

ACY, CTN, SEL. 

ACY, CTN. 

HOF. 

ACY. 

SAL. 

SAL. 

ACY, CTN, MRK. 

ACY, CTN. 

MRK. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. --Medicinal chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
idfentilied by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



*Anti- infective agents (except antibiotics)--Continued 
♦Sulfonamides- -Continued 

Sulfathiazole 

Sulfathiazole, sodium 

Sulfisoxazole 

Sulfisoxazole, sodium 

*Other anti-infective agents: 
♦Anthelmintic agents: 

Cadmium anth rani late 

2,2-Dichlorovinyl dimethyl phosphate 

Diethylcarbamazine citrate 

Gentian violet 

Hexylresorcinol 

Phenothiazine 

Pyrvinium pamoate 

Thiabendazole 

♦Antibacterial agents and general antiseptics: 
♦Urinary antiseptics: 

Calcium mandelate 

Ethoxazene hydrochloride 

Furadant in 

Mandelic acid 

Methenamine 

♦Methenamine salts: 

Methenamine hippurate 

Meth enamine mandelate 

Methenamine sulfosalicylate 

Methylene blue 

Nitrofurantoin 

Phenazopy ri dine hydrochloride 

♦Other antibacterial agents and general antiseptics 

Acriflavine ' 

Aminacrine 

Aminacrine hydrochloride 

Antileprotic and antitubercular agents: 

Aminosalicylic acid 

Daps one 

Ethionamide 

Isoniazid 

Potassium aminosalicylate 

Pyrazinamide 

Sodium aminosalicylate 

Sodium sulfoxone 

Benzalkonium chloride 

Bromoform 

Camphor , monob romated 

Cetalkonium chloride 

Cetylpyridinium chloride 

Chlorobutanol 

Furaltadone 

Furamazone 

Iodoform^ 

Nalidixic acid 

Nitrofurathiazide 

Nitrofurazone 

Nitromide 

Providone - iodine complex 

♦Antifungal agents: 

Benzoic acid 

Calcium undecylenate 

Fuchsin, basic 

Nifuroxime 

Salicylanilide 

Sodium cj.prylate 

Sodium undecylenate 

Undecylenic acid 

Zinc undecylenate 

♦Antiprotozoan agents: 

Aklomide 

Aminitrozole 

Amprolium 

Chi orb et amide 



ACY, 


MRK. 


ACY, 


MRK. 


HOF. 




HOF. 




MAL. 




SHC. 




ACY. 




ACS, 


SDH. 


HEX, 


MRK. 


ABR, 


ISC. 



MAL. 
KON. 
NOR. 
MAL. 
HN. 

RIK. 

ARN, LEM, NEP, PYL. 

X. 

ACS, ACY. 
NOR. 
HOF, NEP. 

ACS. 
SDW. 
SDW. 

MLS. 

SDW. 

RDA. 

RIL. 

MLS. 

MRK. 

MLS. 

ABB. 

SDH. 

DOW. 

MAL, PEN. 

FIN, SDW. 

FIN, HEX. 

BPC, PD. 

NOR. 

NOR. 

MAL, PEN. 

SDH. 

SCH. 

NOR. 

SAL. 

GAF. 

MON. 
WTL. 
ACS. 
NOR. 
LEM. 
LEM. 
BAC. 
BAG. 
BAC, CFG, WTL. 

SAL. 
ACY. 
MRK. 
SDW. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MEDICINAL CHEMiCALS 



113 



TABLE 2. --Medicinal chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



*Anti-infective agents (except antibiotics)--Continueci 
•Other anti-infective agents--Continued 
*Antiprotozoan agents--Continued 

3,S-Dinitro-o-toluamide 

Furazolidone 

Metronidazole 

Nifursol 

Nihydrazone 

Nithiazide 

Nitrophenide 

Pyrimethamine 

* Autonomic drugs : 

Parasympatholytic (anticholinergic) agents (except 
tropane derivatives) : 
•Quaternary ammonium compounds : 

Diphemanil methylsulfate 

Hexocyclium methylsulfate . 

Isopropamide iodide 

M'jpenzolate bromide 

Methantheline bromide 

Pipenzolate bromide 

Propantheline bromide 

Ti'idihexethyl iodide 

•Tertiary amines: 

Adiphenine hydrochloride 

Caramiphen edisylate 

Cycrimine hydrochloride 

Dicyclomine hydrochloride 

Orphenadrine citrate 

Orphenadrine hydrochloride 

Oxyphencyclimine hydrochloride 

Piperidolate hydrochloride 

Thiphenamil hydrochloride 

Trihexyphenidyl hydrochloride 

•Sympathomimetic (adrenergic) agents: 

Cinnamedrine hydrochloride 

Cyclopent amine hydrochloride 

Epinephrine bitartrate (levo) 

•Epinephrine hydrochloride (racemic) 

Isoproterenol hydrochloride 

Isoproterenol sulfate 

Levarterenol bitartrate- 

Methoxyphenamine hydrochloride 

Naphazoline hydrochloride 

Nylidrin hydrochloride 

Phenylephrine 

Phenylephrine bitartrate 

Phenylephrine hydrochloride 

•Phenylpropanolamine hydrochloride -- 

Propylhexedrine 

Pfotokylol hydrochloride 

Pseudoephedrine hydrochloride 

Pseudoephedrine sulfate 

Tetrahydrozoline hydrochloride 

•Other autonomic drugs: 

Ganglionic blocking agent: Tetraethylaimnonium 

chloride. 
Parasympatholytic tropane derivatives : 

Anisotropine methylbromide 

Benztropine mesylate 

Homatropine 

Homatropine hydrobromide 

Homatropine methylbromide 

Parasympathomimetic (cholinergic) agents: 

Acetylcholine chloride 

Methacholine chloride 

Neostigmine bromide 

Physostigmine salicylate 

Pyridostigmine bromide 

Sympa'tholytic (antiadrenergic) agent: Ergonovine 
maleate ■ 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



DOW. 
NOR. 
RDA. 
SAL. 
NOR. 
MRK. 
ACY. 
BUR. 



SCH. 
ABB. 



SK. 

LKL. 

SRL. 

LKL. 

SRL. 

ACY. 

CBP. 

SK. 

LIL. 

BKC. 

RIK. 

RIK. 

PFZ. 

LKL. 

BJL. 

ACY, SDW. 

SDW. 

LIL. 

SDW. 

ECL, VB, X. 

SDW. 

ABB. 

snw. 

X. 

CBP. 

BKL. 

CAN, SDW. 

CAN. 

CTN, CAN, HEX, ORT, SDW. 

ARS, BKL, CAN, NEP, ORT. 

HEX, SK. 

LKL. 

BUR, GAN. 

CAN. 

PFZ. 

RSA. 



CTN. 
CTN, 
CTN, 



HEX. 
HEX. 



MRK. 

MRK, RSA. 

HOP. 

PEN. 

HOP. 

LIL. 



U4 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. — Medicinal chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



♦Cardiovascular agents: 
'Vasodilators : 

Cyclandelatte 

Dioxyline phosphate 

Ethyl nitrite 

Glyceryl trinitrate 

Isosorbide di nit rate 

Mannitol hexanitrate 

Nicotinyl alcohol tartrate 

Pentaerythritol tetranitrate 

*Other cardiovascular agents: 
Antihypertensive agents: 

Guanethidine sulfate 

Hydralazine hydrochloride 

Methy Idopa 

Pargyline hydrochloride 

Rauwolfia and veratrum alkaloids: 

Alkavervir 

Alseroxylon 

Raunormine 

Reserpine 

Bioflavonoids: 

Hesperidin 

Hesperidin methyl chalcone 

Lemon b iof lavonoids 

Naringin 

Rutin 

Cardiac drugs: 

Procainamide hydrochloride 

Quinidine sulfate 

Colestipol hydrochloride ■ 

♦Central depressants and stimulants: 
*Amphetajnines: 

♦Amphetamine base and sulfate (I'acemic) : 

Amph etami ne ( racemi c) 

Amphetamine sulfate (racemic) 

Dextroamph et amine 

Dextroamphetamine carboxymethylcellulose- 

Dextroamphetamine hydrochloride 

Dextroamphetamine phosphate 

Dextroamphetamine sulfate 

Dextroamphetamine tannate 

Levamphet amine succinate 

Methamphetamine (dextro) 

Methamphetamine (levo) 

Methamphetamine hydrochloride (dextro) — 
Methamphetamine hydrochloride (racemic)-- 
♦Analgesics and antipyretics: 

♦Acetaminophen 

♦Aspirin 

♦Salicylates (except aspirin) : 

Aluminum aspirin 

Magnesium salicylate 

Phenyl salicylate 

Potassium salicylate 

Salicylamide 

Salicylsalicylic acid 

Sodium salicylate 

Strontium salicylate 

♦Other analgesics and antipyretics: 
p-Aminobenzoic acid and salts: 

Aminobenzoic acid 

Calcium aminobenzoate 

Magnesium aminobenzoate 

Potassium aminobenzoate 

Sodium aminobenzoate 

Anileridine hydrochloride 

Calcium succinate 

Colchicine 

Dextropropoxyphene napsy late 

Ethoheptazine citrate 

Indomethacin 



IVYT. 
LIL. 
MAL. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
HOP. 
APD. 



CBP. 
CBP. 
MRK. 



RIK. 

RIK. 
PEN. 
PEN. 

SKG. 
SKG. 
SKG. 
SKG. 
PEN. 



LEM, OMS. 
HEX. 



HEX, 


ORT. 




ARN, 


HEX, 


SK. 


HEX. 






ARN. 






ARN, 


HEX. 




ARN, 


HEX. 




ARN, 


HEX, 


SK. 


ARN. 






ARN. 






HEX. 






ABB, 


HEX. 




ARN, 


GAN, 


HEX. 


ARN, 


HEX. 




ATP, 


MLS, 


NEP, x. 


DOW, 


MLS, 


MON, NOR, SDG 


ABB, 


SCH. 




MAL. 






DOW. 






HN, 


PEN. 




CFC, 


x. 




CFC, 


HN. 


NES. 


DOW, 


HN. 




CFC. 






LEM. 






GAN. 






LEM. 






GAN, 


LEM. 




GAN, 


LEM. 




MRK. 






LEM. 






PEN. 






LIL. 






WYT. 






MRK. 







MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



U5 



TABLE 2. --Medicinal chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
Caccording to list in table 3) 



*Central depressants and stimulants--Continued 
*Analgesics and antipyretics--Continued 

*Other analgesics and antipyretics- -Continued 

Mefenaniic acid ■" 

Meperidine hydrochloride 

Methadone hydrochloride-' 

Oxycodone hydrochloride 

Oxyphenbutazone 

Pentazocine 

Pentazocine hydrochloride 

Phenacetin 

Phenylbutazone 

Propoxyphene hydrochloride 

'Antidepressants : 

Ami tripty line 

Desipramine hydrochloride 

Imipramine hydrochloride 

Isocarboxazid 

Nialamide 

Nortriptyline 

Phenelzine sulfate 

Protriptyline 

Antitussives : 

Benzonatate 

Caibetapentane citrate 

Chlophedianol hydrochloride 

Codeine 

Dextromethorphan hydrobromide 

Dimethoxanate hydrochloride 

Ethylmorphine hydrochloride 

*Hydrocodone bi tartrate 

Levopropoxyphene napsylate 

Thebaine '■ 

'Barbiturates; 

Allylbarbituric acid 

Allylbarbituric acid, sodium 

Amobarbital 

Amobarbital, sodium 

Barbital 

Barbital, sodium- 

Butabarbital 

Butabarbital, sodium 

Hexobarbital 

Mephobarbital 

Metharbital 

Methohexital, sodium 

Pentobarbital 

'Pentobarbital, sodium ^^-- 

Phenobarbital 

Phenobarbital, sodium 

Secobarbital 

Secobarbital, sodium 

Talbutal ; 

Thiamylal, sodium ■ 

Thiopental, sodiiom 

Vinbarbital 

'Hypnotics and sedatives (except barbiturates^ : 

Carbromal 

Ethchlorvynol -- 

Ethinamate 

Glutethimide 

Methypiylon 

'Skeletal muscle relaxants and tranquilizers: 
Skeletal muscle relaxants: 

Carisoprodol 

Chlorphenesin carbamate 

Mephenesin 

Mephenesin carbamate 

^B Phenaglycodol 

I^B Styramate 

^^^_ Succinylcholine chloride 

^^^^^^^K Tiiiocurarine 



PD. 






PEN, 


SDW, 


WYT. 


LIL. 






EN. 






GGY. 






SDW. 






SDW. 






MON. 






GGY. 






LIL. 






MRK. 






LKL. 






GGY. 






HOP. 






PFZ. 






LIL. 






NEP. 






MRK. 






CBP. 






PFZ. 






RIK. 






MRK. 






HOP. 






BKL. 






MAL, 


MRK, 


PEN. 


MAi, 


MRK, 


PEN. 


LIL. 






MRK. 






GAN. 






GAN. 






LIL. 






GAN, 


LIL. 




GAN. 






GAN. 






ABB, 


GAN. 




ABB, 


GAN. 




GAN, 


SDW. 




SDW. 






ABB. 






LIL. 






ABB, 


GAN. 




ABB, 


GAN, 


PD. 


GAN, 


MAL. 




GAN, 


MAL, 


.SDW 


GAN, 


LIL. 




GAN, 


LIL. 




SDW. 






PD. 






ABB. 






X. 






PD. 






ABB. 






LIL. 






CBP. 






HOP. 






BKL. 






UP J. 






BKL, 


HEX, 


OMS 


OMS. 






LIL. 






ARP. 






ABB, 


BUR, 


SDW 


ABB, 


OMS. 





SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2.- 



-Medicinal chemicals: Items for which U. S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by mamifacturer, 1969--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



'Central depressants and stimulants — Continued 

'Skeletal muscle relaxants and tranquilizers--Continued 
Tranquilizers : 

Azacyclonol hydrochloride 

Buclizine hydrochloride 

Chlordiazepoxide hydrochloride 

Chlormezanone 

Chlorprothixene 

Diazepam 

Ectylurea 

Ethomoxane hydrochloride 

Hydroxyphenamate 

Hydroxyzine hydrochloride 

Meb utamat e 

*Meprobamate 

Me th aqua lone 

Methaqualone hydrochloride 

Molindone hydrochloride 

Oxazepam 

Phenothiazine derivatives: 

Carphenazine maleate 

Chlorpromazine hydrochloride 

Fluphenazine enanthate 

Fluphenazine hydrochloride 

Perphenazine 

Prazepam 

Prochlorperazine maleate 

Promazine hydrochloride 

Trifluoperazine hydrochloride 

Trif lupromazine hydrochloride 

*Other central depressants and stimulants: 
Anticonvuls ants : 

Diphenylhydantoin 

Diphenylhydantpin, sodiiM 

Evhosuximide 

Ethotoin 

Methsuximide 

Phenacemide 

Phensuximide 

General anesthetic: Vinyl ether 

Stimulants: 

Benzphetamine hydrochloride 

Caffeine: 

Natural 

Synthetic 

Caffeine, citrated 

Caffeine sodium benzoate 

Chlorphent ermine hydrochloride 

Deanol acetamidobenzoate 

Diethylpropion 

Nikethami de 

Pemoline 

Phent ermine 

*Dermatological agents and local anesthetics: 

*Bismuth subgallate 

*Lidocaine 

'Salicylic acid' 

'Other derraatological agents and local anesthetics; 
Dermatological agents: 

AUantoin 

Aluminum phenolsulfonate 

Ammonium phenolsulfonate 

Glycol salicylate 

Scarlet red 

Sodium phenolsulfonate 

Zinc phenolsulfonate 

Local anesthetics: 

Butacaine 

Butacaine sulfate 

Butamben pi crate 

Butyl aminobenzoate (Butamben) 

Dibucaine 

Dibucaine hydrochloride 

Diclonine hydrochloride 

Ethyl aminobenzoate (Benzocaine) 

See footnotes at end of table. 



BKC. 

PFZ. 

HOP. 

SDW. 

HOP. 

HOP. 

MLS. 

LIL. 

ARP. 

PFZ. 

BKL. 

ABB, BKL, X. 

HEX, X. 

HEX. 

PD. 

WYT. 

IVYT. 

SK. 

OMS. 

OMS, SCH. 

SCH. 

NEP. 

SK. 

WYT. 



GNF. 

PFZ. 

MAL, MRK. 

GAN, MAL. 

NEP. 

RIK. 

BKC, X. 

CBP. 

ABB. 

HEX. 

BKC, MAL, PEN. 
AST, LEM, RLS, SDIV. 
DOW, HN, MON, SDH. 



FIN, HFT. 

MAL. 

SAL. 

RDA 

ACS 

SAL 

MAL 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



117 



-Medicinal chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by maniifecturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



*Dermatological agents and local anesthetics--Continued 
*Other dermato logical agents and local 
anesthetics- -Continued 
Local anesthetics--Continued 

Oxethazaine 

Pramoxine hydrochloride 

Procaine hydrochloride 

Proparacaine hydrochloride 

Propyl arainobenzoate 

Tetracaine 

Tetracaine hydrochloride 

*Expectorants and mucolytic agents : 

*Ethylenediajnine dihydriodide 

Guaiacol and its derivatives: 

Glyceryl guaiacolate 

Guaiacol 

Potassium guaiacolsulfonate 

lodinated glycerol 

lodobrassid 

Lobeline sulfate 

Terpin hydrate 

Thonzonium bromide 

*Gastrointestinal agents: 

*Choleretics and hydrocholeretics: 

Bile acids, oxidized 

Dehydrocholic acid 

Florantyrone 

Iron bile salts 

Ox bile extract 

Sodium dehydrocholate 

Tocamphyl 

♦Choline chloride (all grades): 

Feed grade 

Medicinal grade 

Technical grade — 

♦Methionine and. its hydroxy. analogue: 

Methionine (feed grade) 

Methionine (medicinal grade) 

Methionine, hydroxy analogue, calcium salt 

*Other gastrointestinal agents: 

Betaine base 

Betaine hydrochloride 

Choline bicarbonate 

Choline bitartrate 

Choline citrate (Tricholine citrate) 

Choline dihydrogen citrate 

Danthron 

Dihydroxy aluminum aminoacetate 

Magnesium citrate 

Pectin ■ 

Phenolphthalein t 

Podophyllum resin 

Sitosterols 

Sodium carboxymethylcellulose 

Sodium tartrate 

♦Hematological agents: 
♦Anticoagulants : 

♦Sodium heparin 

♦Other anticoagulants: 

Ammonium heparin 

Anisindione 

Bishydroxycoumarin 

Sodium warfarin 

♦Other hematological agents: 

Aminocaproic acid 

Cellulose, oxidized 

Dextran 

♦Hormones and synthetic substitutes: 
♦Corticosteroids : 

Betamethasone 

Betamethasone acetate 

Betamethasone phosphate 

Betamethasone valerate 



WYT. 

ABB. 

ABB, LEM, PFZ. 

OMS. 

RSA. 

SDW. 

SDW. 

ABR, ISC, MAL, WHL. 



GAN, 


HEX, X. 


HON. 




HN. 




x. 




CBP. 




ABB. 




PEN. 




NEP. 




SRL, 


WIL. 


WIL. 




SRL. 




LIL, 


WIL. 


ABB, 


LIL, WIL. 


WIL. 




X. 




COM, 


DA, HFT, TMH 


HFT. 




RH, 




DOW. 




DOW, 


LEM. 


DUP, 


MON. 


HFT, 


MAL. 


HFT, 


LEM. 


COM. 




ACY, 


HFT. 


ACY, 


HFT. 


ACY, 


HFT. 


GAF. 




CHT. 




MAL. 




SKG. 




MON. 




ABB, 


PEN. 


UP J. 




CBP. 




MAL. 




ABB, 


RIK, WIL. 


ABB, 


WIL. 


SCH. 




ABB. 




EN. 




ACY. 




EKT. 




PHR. 




SCH. 




SCH. 




SCH. 




SCH. 





U8 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2.- 



-Medicinal chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



*Hormones and synthetic substitutes--Continued 
♦Corticosteroids --Continued 

Cortisone 

Cortisone acetate 

Dexameth asone 

Dexamethasone acetate 

Dexamethasone phosphate > 

Dichlorisone acetate 

1,^-Dihydro triamcinolone 

Fludrocortisone acetate 

Fluorometholone 

9-Fluoroprednisolone acetate 

Fliiprednisolone 

Hydrocortisone 

Hydrocortisone acetate 

Hydrocortisone phosphate 

Methylprednisolone 

Prednisolone 

Prednisolone acetate .- r 

Prednisolone phosphate 

Prednisone 

Prednisone acetate 

Triamcinolone 

Triamcinolone acetonide and diacetate 

♦Synthetic hypoglycemic agents: 

Acetohexamide 

Chlorpropamide 

Phenformin hydrochloride 

Tolazamide 

Tolbutamide 

*Other hormones and synthetic substitutes: 
Anabolic agents and androgens: 

Fluoxymesterone 

Methandrostenolone 

Tes tosterone cypionate 

Testosterone phenylacetate 

Antithyroid agents: 

Methimazole 

Propylthiouracil 

Estrogens: 

Chlorotrianisene- 

Diethylstilbestrol 

Diethylstilbestrol diphosphate 

Estrogenic substances, conjugated 

Natural estrogenic substance 

Progestogens: 

Medroxyprogesterone acetate 

Norgestrel- .- .--. 

Progesterone— —*»» 

Other hormones : 

Corticotropin (ACTH) (pituitaryj 

Glucagon (crystalline) (pancreas) 

Insulin (pancreas) 

Thyroid 

*Renal-acting and edema- reducing agents; 
♦Mercurial diuretics: 

Meralluride 

Mersalyl acid 

Sodium mercaptomerin 

♦Theophylline derivatives; 

Ambuphylline 

Ami nophyl line 

Oxtriphylline 

Theophylline sodium glycinate 

♦Other renal-acting and edema- reducing agents 

Acetazolamide 

Benzothiadiazine derivatives; 

Bendroflumethiazide 

Benz thiazide 

Chlorothiazide 

Flumethiazide 



MRK. 

MRK, SCH, UPJ. 

MRK, SCH, UPJ. 

SCH. 

MRK. 

SCH. 

UPJ. 

UPJ. 

UPJ. 

UPJ. 

UPJ. 

MRK, PFZ, UPJ. 

MRK, UPJ. 

MRK. 

UPJ. 

MRK, UPJ. 

SCH, UPJ. 

MRK. 

UPJ. 

SCH. 

ACY, CMS. 

QMS. 

LIL. 
PFZ. 
BKL. 



UPJ. 
GBP. 
UPJ. 
CEP. 

LIL. 
ACY. 

BKC. 

CTN, LIL. 



ORG. 
ORG. 



X. 

ARP. 
LIL. 

ARP, LIL. 
LIL. 



LKL. 
SDW. 
WYT. 

LEM. 

GAN, LEM, SRL. 

NEP. 

CHT. 

ACY. 

CMS. 
PFZ. 
MRK. 
QMS. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



TABLE 2. 



-Medicinal chemicals: Items for which U. S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



*Renal-acting and edema- reducing agents--Continued 

*Other renal-acting and edema-reducing agents --Continued 
Benzothiadiazine derivatives --Continued 

Hydrochlorothiazide 

Methyclothiazide 

Pol /thiazide 

Trichlormethiazide 

Chlorthalidone 

Dichlorphenamide 

Ethacrynic acid 

Probenecid 

Spironolactone 

Theobromine sodium salicylate 

Triamterene 

'Therapeutic nutrients: 
*Amino acids and salts: 

Amino acid mixtures 

Aspartic acid and salts: 

Aspartic acid 

Magnesium aspartate 

Potassium aspartate 

Beta- alanine 

Glutamic acid and salts: 

Ammonium glutamate 

L-Arginine-L-glutamate 

Glutamic acid 

Glutamic acid hydrochloride 

Potassium glutamate 

Lysine (feed grade) 

Lysine hydrochloride 

Phenylalanine r 

*Calcium salts: 

Calcium glucoheptonate 

Calcium gluconate 

Calcium levulinate 

Calcium phytate 

*Other therapeutic nutrients : 

Copper gluconate 

Ferrous gluconate 

Fructose 

Liver concentratK 

Liver, desiccated 

Magnesium gluconate 

Manganese gluconate 

Potassium gluconate 

*Vitamins : 

*Vitamin A alcohol and esters: 

Beta-carotene (Provitamin A) 

Vitamin A acetate (feed grade) 

Vitamin A acetate (medicinal grade) 

Vitamin A alcohol 

Vitamin A natural esters 

*Vitamin A palmitate (feed grade)--- 

Vitamin A palmitate (medicinal grade) 

*Vitamin B-complex: 
♦Niacin (all grades) : 

Feed grade ■ 

Medicinal. grade 

♦Niacinamide 

♦Pantothenic acid and derivatives: 

Calcium pantothenate (dextro) 

Calcium pantothenate (racemic) - calcium- chloride ■ 
complex. 

♦Calcium pantothenate (racemic) (feed grade) 

Calcium pantothenate (racemic) (medicinal grade) 

Dexpanthenol 

Panthenol (racemic) 

Sodium pantothenate 

♦Riboflavin (feed grade) 



ABB, CBP, MRK. 

ABB. 

PFZ. 

SCH. 

GGY. 

MRK. 

MRK. 

MRK. 

SRL. 

GLY. 

SK. 



ABB, CUT, STA. 



HEX. 






WYT. 






WYT. 






DA. 






IMC, 


LEM. 




ABB. 






IMC, 


LEM. 




IMC, 


LEM. 




IMC, 


LEM. 




MRK. 






MRK. 






SDW. 






PFN. 






PFZ, 


WHL. 




SEL. 






STA. 






PFZ. 






PFZ, 


SDW 




DLL 






WIL. 






WIL. 






PFZ. 






PFZ. 






PFZ. 






EKT, 


HOF. 




HOF, 


PFZ. 




CW, 


HOF, 


PFZ. 


CW, 


HOF, 


PFZ. 


CW. 






EKT, 


HOF, 


PFZ. 


EKT, 


HOF, 


PFZ. 


DA, 


MRK, 


RIL. 


MRK, 


RIL, 


SCR. 


MRK, 


NEP, 


PD, SCR. 



CKL, HFT, PHF. 

CKL, DA, DLI, HFT, PHF. 

DA. 

DA, HOF. 

HOF, PD. 

PD. 

DA, GPR, HOF, MRK. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. 



-Medicinal chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
Identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



'Vitamins — Continueu 

'Vitamin B-coniplex--Continued 
*Other B- complex vitamins: 

Biotin 

Cyanocobal arain : 

Cyanocobalarain (feed grade) •■ 

Cyanocobalamin (medicinal grade) 

Cyanocobalamin (U.S. P. crystalline) 

Cyanocobalamin with intrinsic factor concentrate- 

Folic acid 

Inositol 

Magnesium nicotinate 

Niacinamide hydrochloride 

Pyridoxine 

Riboflavin (medicinal grade) 

Riboflavin-5-phosphate, sodium 

Thiamine hydrochloride 

Thiamine mononitrate 

♦Vitamin C: 

*As corbie acid 

Calcium ascorbate 

Sodium ascorbate 

*Vitamin D: 

Vitamin D2 (Ergocalciferol) 

Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3) 

7-Dehydrocholesterol (Provitamin D,) 

•Vitamin E: 

d- Alpha tocopherol 

dl- Alpha tocopherol -r 

d-Alpha tocopheryl acetate 

dl-Alpha tocopheryl acetate 

dl-Alpha tocopheryl acetate (fee^ grade) 

d-Alpha tocopheryl acid succinate 

*Vitamin K: 

Menadiol sodium diphosphate 

Menadione 

Menadione sodium bisulfite 

Phytonadione 

♦Miscellaneous medicinal chemicals: 
Antineoplastic agents: 

Mercaptopurine 

Testolactone 

Thioguanine 

Vinblastine sulfate 

Vincristine sulfate 

Diagnostic agents: 

Roentgenographic contrast media: 

Acetrizoate, sodium 

Diatrizoate, meglumine 

Diatrizoate, sodium 

lodohippurate, sodium 

lo dopy race t 

lopanoic acid 

lophendylate 

lothalamate, meelumine 

lothalamate, sodium 

Methiodal, sodium 

Other diagnostic agents: 

Evans blue (blood volume determination) 

Indocyanine green (cardiac output test) 

Metyrapone (pituitary function test) 

Phenolphthalein monophosphate dicyclohexylamine-- 
Smooth muscle relaxants: 

Alverine-- 

Alverine citrate 

Alverine hydrochloride 

Papaverine hydrochloride 

Unclassified medicinal chemicals: 

Allopurinol 

Penicillamine (copper chelating agent) 



GPR 


MRK 


PMP. 


MRK. 






MRK. 






WIL. 






ACY. 






STA. 






NEP. 






NEP. 






HOP 


MRK 




HOP, 


MRK 




HOP. 






HOP 


MRK 




HOP, 


MRK 




HOP, 


MRK 


PFZ. 


PFZ. 






HOP, 


MRK, 


PFZ. 


PHP, 


SCR, 


VTM. 


DA, 


DLl, 


PHF, VTM. 


VTM. 






CW, 


EKT. 




HOP. 






CW, 


EKT. 




HOP. 






HOP. 






CW, 


EKT. 




HOP. 






ABB 


HET 


WHL. 


ABB, 


DA, 


DLI, HET, WHL 


MRK. 






BUR. 






OMS. 






BUR. 






LIL. 






LIL. 






MAL. 






SDW. 






SDW. 






MAL. 






SDW. 






SDW. 






x. 






MAL. 






MAL. 






SDW. 







CBP. 
NEP. 



CTN. 
LIL. MRK. 



BUR. 
MRK. 



Producers of technical grade are listed in report on cyclic intermediates. 
Producers of technical grade are listed in report on miscellaneous chemicals. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



121 



TABLE 3. --Medicinal chemicals: Directory of manxilacturers, 1969 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


ABB 


Abbott Laboratories 


KON 


H. Kohnstaram S Co., Inc. 


ABR 


Atomic Basic Chemicals Corp. 


KPT 


Koppers Co., Inc., Organic Materials Div. 


ACS 


Allied Chemical Corp., Specialty 








Chemicals Div. 


LEM 


B. L. Lemke 5 Co. , Inc. 


ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. 


LIL 


Eli Lilly 5 Co. 


APD 


Atlas Chemical Industries, Inc. 


LKL 


Lakeside Laboratories Div. of Colgate- 


ARN 


Arenol Chemical Corp. 




Palmolive Co. 


ARP 


Armour Pharmaceutical Products Co. 






ARS 


Arsynco, Inc. 


MAL 


Mallinckrodt Chemical Works 


AST 


Astra Pharmaceutical Products, Inc. 


MLS 


Miles Laboratories, Inc., Marschall Div. 


ATP 


Atco Chemical-Industrial Products, Inc., 


MON 


Monsanto Co. 




Fine Chemicals Div. 


MRK 


Merck 5 Co. , Inc. 


BAC 


Baker Castor Oil Co. 


NEP 


Nepera Chemical Co., Inc. 


BEE 


Beecham, Inc. 


NES 


Nease Chemical Co., Inc. 


BJL 


Burdick S Jackson Laboratories, Inc. 


NOR 


Norwich Pharmacal Co. 


BKC 


J. T. Baker Chemical Co. 






BKL 


Millmaster Onyx Corp., Millmaster Chemical 


OMS 


E. R. Squibb S Sons, Inc. 




Div., Berkeley Chemical Dept. 


ORG 


Organics, Inc. 


BPC 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Benzol Products Div. 


CRT 


Roehr Chemicals, Inc. 


BRS 


Bristol-Myers Co., Bristol Laboratories 








Div. 


PD 


Parke, Davis 5 Co. 


BUR 


Burroughs Wellcome 5 Co. (U.S.A.), Inc. 


PEN 


CPC International, Inc., Penick Div. 






PFN 


Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc. 


CBP 


Ciba Pharmaceutical Co. 


PFZ 


Pfizer, Inc. 


CFC 


Sun Chemical Corp. 


PHF 


Peter Hand Foundation 


CHT 


Chattam Drug § Chemical Co., Chattem 


PHR 


Pharraachem Corp. 




Chemicals Div. 


PMP 


Premier Malt Products, Inc. 


CKL 


Chemlek Laboratories, Inc. 


PYL 


Polychemical Laboratories, Inc. 


COM 


Commercial Solvents Corp. 






CTN 


Chemetron Corp., Organic Chemical Div. 


RDA 


Rhodia, Inc. 


GUT 


Cutter Laboratories, Inc. 


RH 


Rohm § Haas Co. 


CW 


General Mills, Inc. 


RIK 


Dart Industries, Inc., Riker Laboratories 
Div. 


DA 


Diajnond Shamrock Corp, 


RIL 


Reilly Tar § Chemical Corp. 


DLI 


Dane's Laboratories, Inc. 


RLS 


Rachelle Laboratories, Inc. 


DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. 


RSA 


R.S.A. Corp. 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours S Co., Inc. 










SAL 


Salsbury Laboratories 


ECL 


Eastside Chemical Laboratory 


SCH 


Sobering Corp. 


EK 


Eastman Kodak Co. ; 


SCR 


R. P. Scherer Corp. 


EKT 


Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 




Sterling Drug Corp.: 


EN 


Endo Laboratories , Inc . 


SDG 


Glenbrook Laboratories Div. 






SDH 


Hilton-Davis Chemicarl Co. Div. 


FIN 


Fine Organics, Inc. 


SDW 


Winthrop Laboratories Div. 


FIS 


Fisher Chemical Co., Inc. 


SEL 


Selney Co. , Inc. 


FLM 


Fleming Laboratories, Inc-. 


SHC 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 






SK 


Smith, Kline S French Laboratories 


GAF 


GAF Corp., Dyestuff § Chemical Div. 


SKG 


Sunkist Growers, Inc. 


GAN 


Gane's Chemical Works, Inc. 


SRL 


G. D. Searle 5 Co. 


GGY 


Geigy- Chemical Corp. 


STA 


A. E. Staley Manufacturing Co. 


GIV 


Givaudan Corp. 






GLY 


Glyco Chemicals, Inc. 


TMH 


Thompson-Hayward Chemical Co. 


GNF 


General Foods Corp., Maxwell House Div. 






GPR 


Grain Processing Corp. 


UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 






UOP 


Universal Oil Products Co., 


HET 


Heterochemical Corp. 




UOP Chemical Div. 


HEX 


Hexagon Labs., Inc. 


UPJ 


Upjohn Co. 


HFT 


Hof£man-Taff, Inc. 






HN 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc. 


VB 


Vermilye-Bell 


HOF 


Hoffmann- LaRoche, Inc. 


VTM 


Vitamins, Inc. 


HST 


American Hoechst Corp. 






HYN 


Hynson, Westcott S Dunning, Inc. 


WHL 


Whitmoyer Laboratories, Inc. 






WIL 


Wilson § Co., Inc., Wilson Laboratories Div. 


IMC 


International Minerals S Chemical Corp. 


WTL 


Pennwalt Corp., Lucidol Div. 


ISC 


Interstate Chemical Co. 


WYT 


Wyeth Laboratories, Inc., Wyeth Laboratories 
Div. of American Home Products Corp. 


JCC 


Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc. 






Note 


--For complete names and addresses of the above r 


eoortin 


I comnanies. refer to table 1 in tho innonHiv 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 123 



Flavor and perfume materials are organic chemicals used to 
impart flavors and odors to foods, beverages, cosmetics, and soaps. 
These aromatic chemicals are also utilized to neutralize or mask 
unpleasant odors in industrial processes and products as well as 
in consumer products . 

Total domestic production of flavor and perfume materials in 
1969 amounted to 120.4 million pounds--slightly more than the 117.5 
million pounds produced in 1968 (table 1^). Sales of these materials 
in 1969 amounted to 103.6 million pounds, valued at $93.6 million, 
compared with 10 8.8 million pounds, valued at $9 7.3 million in 1968. 

Production of cyclic flavor and perfume materials in 1969 amounted 
to 61.4 million pounds; sales amounted to 48.7 million pounds, valued 
at $52.9 million. The individual chemical in the cyclic group pro- 
duced in the greatest volume in 1969 again was benzyl alcohol (7.7 
million pounds). Production of synthetic sweeteners amounted to 
16.6 million pounds in 1969, compared with 19.7 million pounds in 1968, 

U.S. output of acyclic flavor and perfume materials in 1969 
amounted to 59,0 million poionds; sales of these materials amounted to 
54.8 million pounds, valued at $40.8 million. Monosodium glutamate 
was by far the most important of the acyclic chemicals, and the 
individual flavor and perfume chemical produced in the greatest volume; 
output of this chemical totaled 48.5 million pounds in 1969, compared 
with 47.7 million pounds in 1968. 



^ See also table 2 of this section which lists these products and 
identifies the manufacturers of each from the list in table 3. Imports 
of flavor and perfume materials in 1968 and 1969 are given in table 2 
in the Appendix . 



124 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 1. — Flavor and perfume materials: U.S. production and sales, 1969 

[Listed below are all synthetic organic flavor and perfume materials for which any reported data on production or sales 
may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or 
where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists all flavor and perfume materials for which data on production or sales 
were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each ] 



Quantity 



Unit 
V^l"^ value' 



Grand total 

FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC 

Total 

Benssnoid and Naphthalenoid 

Total 

4-Allyl-2-methoxyphenol (Eugenol) . 

4- Ally 1-1, 2- (methylenedioxy) benzene (Safrole) 

Benzophenone^ 

Benzy'i acetate 

Benzyl alcohol^ 

Benzyl benzoate 

Benzyl cinnamate 

Benzyl phenyl acetate 

Benzyl propionate 

Benzyl salicylate 

Cinnamyl acetate 

Cinnamyl alcohol 

Cinnamyl anthranilate 

Cinnamyl propionate 

Ethyl phenylglycidate 

Hydrocoumarin 

Isobutyl phenyl acetate 

Isopentyl salicylate 

2-Methoxy-4-propenylphenol (Isoeugenol) 

p-MethylanisoIe 

Methyl anthranilate 

a-Methylbenzyl acetate (Styralyl acetate) 

a-Methylcinnamaldehyde 

Methyl phenylacetate 

Methyl salicylate 

a-Pentylcinnamaldehyde 

Phenethyl acetate 

Phenethyl formate- 

2-Phenetliyl phenylacetate 

2-Phenoxyethyl isobutyrate 

3-Phenyl-l-propanol (Hydrocinnamic alcohol} 

p-Propenylanisole (Anethole) 

Sweeteners, synthetic 

All other benzenoid and naphthaleroid materials 

Terpenoid, Heteroayalia, and AHayolia 

Total 

Cedryl acetate 

Essential oils, chemically modified 

a-Ionone 

Isobornyl acetate 

Menthol, synthetic, tech. 5 U.S.P 

Methyl ionones 

Terpineols 

a-Terpinyl acetate 

Vetivenyl acetate 

AH other terpenoid, heterocyclic and alicyclic materials 



1,000 
pounds 

120,390 



61,353 



51,191 



718 
104 



6,950 
290 



31 
.2,329 
16,632 
13,133 



1,000 
pounds 



103,564 



41 ,659 



644 
120 



4,888 
277 



2,544 
12,524 
10,252 



1,000 
dollars 

93.626 



52,873 



39 ,558 



391 


334 


828 


259 






191 


129 


147 


1,390 


1,390 


501 


7,704 


7,149 


2,653 


308 


376 


181 


8 


9 


32 


4 


4 


9 


36 


32 


33 


452 


386 


443 


6 


6 


15. 


165 
1 


127 

1 


186 
6 



417 
436 



2,183 



34 

1,530 

8,478 

20,331 



13, HS 



140 


112 


311 


236 


162 


858 


113 


59 


260 


878 






450 


39 7 


1,545 


562 


393 


1,592 


2,573 


2,558 


9 23 


582 


552 


351 


25 


16 


301 


4,603 


2,813 


7,174 



footnotes at end of table. 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 



125 



TABLE 1. — Flavor and perfume materials: U.S. production and sales , 1969--Continued 



Quantity 



Unit 
value' 



FUVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC 
Total 

Allyl hexanoate 

Citral a [Geranial) ' — "--- 

Citronellyl formate 

Citronellyl isobutyrate 

3, 7-Dimethyl-cis-2,6-octadien-l-ol (Nerol) 

3, 7-Dimethyl-trans-2,6-octadien-I-oI CGeraniol) 

3,7-Dimethyl-6-octen-l-ol (Citronellol) 

Ethyl butyrate 

Ethyl hexanoate (Ethyl caproate) 

Geranyl acetate 

Geranyl formate 

Glutamic acid, monosodium salt (Monosodium glutamate) 
7-HydToxy-3,7-dimethyl-l-octanaI (Hydroxycitronellal) 

Isopentyl butyrate 

Isopentyl formate 

Isopentyl isovalerate 

Rhodinol 

All other acyclic materials 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 



54,843 



1,000 
dollars 



40,7S3 



Pev 

pound 



2,344 
895 
510 



48,503 
531 



2,105 
730 
392 



46,572 
485 



1 


972 


1 


249 




250 




13 




157 




45 


28 


131 


2 


128 




48 




6 




311 


6 


009 



2.55 
2.92 



1.71 

.64 

2.52 



29.01 
1.43 



' Calculated from the unrounded figures. 
2 Includes some technical grade. 



126 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. 



■Flavor and perfume materials: Items for which U, S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1969 



[Flavor and perfiime materials for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an asterisk (*}; 
those not so marked do not appear in table 2 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be pub- 
lished. Manufacturers' identification codes are taken from table 3 ] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC 
Benzenoid and Naphthalenoid 

2' Acetonaphthone 

Acetophenone 

Acetyl cedrene 

5-Acetyl-l,l,2,3,3,6-hexamethylidan 

p-Allylanisole 

Allyl cinnamate 

4-Allyl-l,2-dimethoxybenzene (4-Allylveratrole) 

*4-Allyl-2-methoxyphenol [Eugenol) ■ 

4-Allyl-2-methoxyphenol acetate CEugenyl acetate) 

*4-Allyl-l, 2- (methylenedioxy) benzene (Safrole) 

Allyl phenoxyacetate 

p-Anis aldehyde 

Anisole (Methyl phenyl ether) 

Anisyl acetate 

Anisyl butyrate 

Anisyl formate 

*Benzophenone 

*Benzyl acetate 

♦Benzyl alcohol 

*Benzyl benzoate 

Benzyl butyrate 

•Benzyl cinnamate 

Benzyl ether 

Benzyl formate- 

Benzyl glyceryl acetal ■ 

Benzyl isopentyl ether — 

l-(Benzyloxy)-2-methoxy-4-propenylbenzene (Benzyl 
isoeugenyl ether) . 

*Benzyl phenylacetate 

*Benzyl propionate 

*Benzyl salicylate 

4-tert-Butyl- 2 ' , 6 ' -dimethyl -3 ' , 5 ' -dinitroacetophenone 

(Musk ketone) . 
6-tert-Butyl-3-methyl-2,4-dinitroanisole (Musk 
ambrette) . 

p-tert-Butyl-a-methyl hydrocinnamaldehyde 

l-tert-Butyl-3,4,5-trimethyl-2,6-dinitrobenzene 

5-tert-Butyl-2, 4, 6-trinitro-m- xylene (Musk xylol) 

Carvacrol 

Cinnamaldehyde 

Cinnamic acid 

*Cinnaiiiyl acetate 

*Cinnamyl alcohol 

*Cinnamyl anthranilate 

Cinnamyl cinnamate 

*Cinnamyl propionate 

Citral dimethyl acetal 

Coumarin 

Cuminyl alcohol 

trans- Decahydro-6-naphthol 

Dihydronordicyclopentadienyl acetate 

l,2-Dimethoxy-4-propenylbenzene (4-PropenylveTatrole)- 

p-a-Dimethylbenzyl alcohol 

3,7-Dimethyl-l,6-octadien-3yl anthranilate (Linalyl 

anthranilate) . 
3, 7-Dimethyl-l,6-octadien-3yl benzoate (Linalyl 

benzoate) . 
3,.7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadienylphenylacetate (Geranyl 
phenylacetate) . 

a,a-Dimethylphenethyl acetate 

a,a-Dimethylphenethyl alcohol 

Diphenylme thane (Benzylbenzene) 

l,3-Diphenyl-2-propanone (Dibenzyl ketone) 



GIV. 




GIV. 




GIV. 




PFW. 




GIV. 




RT. 




GIV. 




ARS, CI, FB, GIV, IFF, LUE, PEN, RT, UNG, UOP 


GIV. 




FB, GIV, OPC. 




GIV. 




GIV, IFF, OPC, 


UOP. 


GIV. 




ELN ,GIV. 




RT. 




RT. 




GAF, GIV, NEO, 


PD. 


GIV, OPC, UOP. 




BPC, OPC, SHL, 


UOP, VEL. 


MON, OPC, PFZ, 


UOP, VEL. 


FB, GIV. 




FB, GIV, UOP. 




SHL, VEL. 




ELN, GIV. 




CI, GIV, RT. 




GIV. 




GIV, UOP. 





ELN, GIV, RT. 

ELN, FB, GIV, NEO, OPC. 

ELN, GIV, OPC, RT, UNG, UOP. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

FB, UOP. 

BPC. 

ELN, FB, GIV, RT. 

FB, GIV, NEO, UOP. 

FEL, GIV, RT. 

FB. 

ELN, FB, GIV, RT. 

GIV. 

DOW, RDA. 

GIV. 

IFF. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

FMT. 

HOF. 

GIV. 

GIV, IFF. 
IFF. 
ARA. 
GIV. 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 



127 



TABLE 2.- 



- Flavor and perfume materials: Items for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1969- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC--Continued 

Bemenoid and Naphthalenoid — Continued 

p-Ethoxy benzaldehyde 

l-Ethoxy-2-hydroxy-4-propenylbenzene 

3-Ethoxy-4-hydroxybenzaldehyde (Ethylvanillin) 

2-Ethoxynaphthalene 

Ethyl anth rani late --• 

Ethyl benzoate 

Ethyl cinnamate 

Ethyl a,B-epoxy-B-methylhydrocinnaniate 

2-Ethylhexyl salicylate 

* Ethyl phenylglycidate 

Ethyl salicylate 

3'-Ethyl-5' ,6',7',8'-tetrahydro-5' ,5' ,8' ,8' - 
tetramethyl- 2' -acetonaphthone . 

Geranyl benzoate 

a-Hexylcinnamaldehyde 

Hydratropaldehyde 

Hydratropaldehyde, dimethyl acetal 

*Hydrocoumarin 

Hydroxycitronellalmethyl anthranilate 

4- C4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-2-butanone 

Indole 

Isoamyl phenyl acetate 

Isobutyl benzoate 

Isobutyl cinnamate 

* Isobutyl phenylacetate 

Isobutyl salicylate 

*Isopentyl salicylate 

p-isopropylbenzaldehyde (Cumaldehyde) 

I s opropy 1 cinnamate 

p-Isopropyl-a-methylhydrocinnamaldehyde (Cyclamen- 
aldehyde) . 

p-Mentha-l,8-diene (Limonene) 

4'-Methoxyacetophenone (Acetanisole) 

p-Methoxybenzyl alcohol (Anisyl alcohol) 

o-Methoxycinnamaldehyde 

2-Methoxynaphthalene 

l-(p-Methoxyphenyl)-l-pentene-3-one 

*2-Methoxy-4-propenylphenol (Isoeugenol) 

4'-Methylacetophenone 

*p-Methylanisole 

*Methyl anthranilate 

Methyl anthranilydene-p-isopropylmethylhydro- 
cinnamaldehyde. 

Methyl benzoate 

*a-Methylbenzyl acetate (Styralyl acetate) -- 

*a-Methylcinnamaldehyde 

Methyl cinnamate 

6-Methylcoumarin 

l,2-(Methylenedioxy)-4-propenylbenzene (Isosafrcle) — 

p-Methylhydratropaldehyde -- 

Methyl N- methyl anth rani late 

*Methyl phenylacetate 

*Methyl salicylate 

1,1,3, 3,5-Pentamethyl-4,6-dinitroindan 

*a-Pentylcinnamaldehyde 

*Phen^hyl acetate 

Phenethyl alcohol 

Phenethyl benzoate 

Phenethyl n-butyxate 

*Phenethyl formate 

Phenethyl isobutyrate 

Phenethyl isovalerate 

* 2- Phenethyl phenylacetate 

Phenethyl propionate 

Phenethyl salicylate 

*2-Phenoxyethyl isobutyrate 

Pheny la cet aldehyde 

Phenylacetaldehyde, dimethyl acetal 

o-Phenylanisole (2-Methoxybiphenyl) 

4-Phenyl-3-buten-2-one (Methyl styryl ketone) 

Phenyl ethyl tiglate 

''3-Phenyl-l-propanol (Hydrocinnamic alcohol) 

3-Phenylpropyl acetate 



GIV. 

SHL. 

MON, RDA, SLV. 

GIV. 

FB. 

ELN. 

GIV, UOP. 

ELN, GIV. 

PEL. 

GIV, PCW, RT, UOP. 

FB, UOP. 

GIV, UOP. 



GIV. 

CI, 

GIV, 

GIV, 

ARS, 

GIV 

GIV, 

GIV, 

GIV 

ELN 

RT. 

ELN 

FB, 

FB, 

GIV 

RT. 

GIV 



GIV, IFF. 
IFF. 

IFF. RT. 
GIV, UOP. 



FB, GIV, OPC, RT. 
GIV, UOP. 
GIV, OPC, UOP. 



SKG. 
UOP. 



CI, GIV, SHL, 


UOP. 




ELN, UOP. 






CI, GIV, OPC, 


UOP. 




FB, OPC, PFW, 


SHL, 


SW, UNG 


RDA. 






HN. 






CI, ELN, GIV, 


UOP. 




CI, FB, GIV. 






FB, UOP. 






GIV. 






GIV. 






GIV. 






GIV, OPC. 






ELN, GIV, OPC 






CFC, DOW, HN, 


MON 


PEN. 


GIV. 






CI, FB, GIV, 


UOP. 




GIV, IFF, NEO 






IFF. 






IFF 






IFF. 






ELN, IFF. RT. 






GIV, IFF, RT. 






GIV, RT. 






CI, GIV, IFF, 


RT. 


UOP. 


GIV, IFF. 






GIV. 






ELN, GIV, IFF 






GIV. 






GIV. 






GIV. 






FB, UOP. 






FB. 






ELN, FB, GIV. 






GIV. 







SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



-Flavor and perfume materials: Items for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1969--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC--Continued 

Banzeno-id and Napkthalenoid — Continued 

3-Phenylpropyl cinnamate 

3-Phenylpropyl propionate 

Piperonal (Heliotropin) 

*p-Propenylanisole (Anethole) 

p-Propylanisole (Dihydroanethole) 

a-Propylphenylethyl alcohol 

*SweetenerSj synthetic: 

Cyclohexane sulfamic acid 

Cyclohexanesulfamic acid, calcium salt 

Cyclohexanesulfamic acid, sodium salt-- 

Saccharin (.1, 2-Benzisothiazolin-3-one,-l, 1 -dioxide) - 

Saccharin, calcium salt 

Saccharin, sodium salt 

p-Tolualdehyde 

p- To lylacet aldehyde 

p-Tolyl acetate 

p-Tolyl phenyl acetate 

a- (Trichloromethyl)benzyl acetate (Rosetone] 

Vanillin C4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyben2aldehyde) 

Verdyl propionate 

Terpenoid^ HeterocyatiCj and Alicyclic 

Allyl cyclohexyl propionate 

Amyris acetate 

Bornyl acetate 

p-tert-Butylcyclohexanone 

p-tert- Butyl cyclohexyl acetate 

6-Caryophyllene 

Caryophyllene alcohol 

Cedrenol 

Cedrol 

*Cedryl acetate 

Cedryl formate 

2-Cyclohexylcyclohexanone 

Cyclopentanone carboxylic acid 

Dihydroterpinyl acetate 

*Essential oils, chemically modified: 

Acetyl cedrene 

Clove leaf oil terpenes 

Ethyl oxyhydrate 

Guaiacwood acetate 

Jessemal 

Lavandin, acetylated 

Piperonal terpenes 

Rose oxide 

Sassafrass oil, hydrogenated 

Synthetic indane musk 

Ethylene brassy late 

Galaxolide 

3-Hydroxy-2-ethyl-4-pyrone [Ethyl maltol) 

16-Hydroxyhexadecanoic acid, o- lactone (Hexadeca- 

nolide) . 
2-Hydroxy-3-methyl-2-cyclopenten-l-one (Methyl cyclo- 
pentanolone) . 

2-Hydroxy-3-methyl-2-cyclopenten-l-one isovalerate 

1-4- (4-Hydroxy-4-methylpentyl)-3-cyclohexene-10- 
carboxaldehyde, 

3-Hydroxy-2-methyl-4-pyrone (Naltol) 

4-Hydroxynonanoic acid, Y-lactone (y-Nonalactone) 

4-Hydroxyoctanoic acid, Y-lactone (Y-Octalactone) 

4-Hydroxyundecanoic acid, y-lactone (y-Undecalactone)- 
lonones : 

*a-Ionone 

8-Ionone 

lonone (a- and B-) 

Isoborneol 

*Isobornyl acetate 

Isobomyl propionate 

Isomenthone 

2-Isopropylcyclohexanol 

p- Mentha- 6, 8-dien-2-ol (Carveol) 

p-Mentha-6,8-dien-2-one (Carvone; Carvol) 



FB. 

IFF. 

GIV, SHL, UOP. 

ARZ, GLD, HN, HPC, 

FB, GIV. 

GIV. 



ABB, MON, PFZ, UNS. 

ABB, MON, PFZ, UNS. 

MON, SW. 

MON, SW. 

LAK, MON. 

GIV, HN, TCC. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

ARS. 

MON, SLV. 

GIV. 



GIV. 

GIV. 

FEL. 

IFF. 

CI, IFF. 

CI, GIV. 

FB. 

GIV. 

ELN, GIV, IFF. 

ELN, GIV, IFF, UNG. 

IFF. 

GIV. 

ARA. 

GIV. 



IFF. 
SHL. 
FEL, 
ELN, 
IFF. 
FEL, 
SHL. 
FB. 



FLO, LUE, PFW, VND. 
GIV. 



GIV. 
IFF. 
RDA. 
IFF. 
PFZ. 
IFF. 

RT. 



PFZ. 








GIV 








GIV 


RT. 






ELN, 


FB. 






GIV 


HOF 


IFF 


MYW 


HOF 


MYW 


UOP 




GIV, 


MYW 


UNG 




FB, 


OPC, 


PFW, 


RDA. 


GIV 








GIV 








GIV 








FB. 








FB. 


FRM. 







FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 



-Flavor and perfume materials: Items for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1969- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC--Continued 

Terpenoid^ Heteroayolic., and Alioyotio — Continued 

p-Menthan-3-one (Menthone) 

p-Menth-8-en-ol (Isopulegol) 

p-Menth-l-en-3-one 

p-Menth-4(8)-en-3-one (d-Pulegone) 

1, l-p-Menthen-6-yl-l-propanone 

*Menthol, synthetic: 

Tech 

U.S.P 

Menthyl acetate 

Menthyl anthranilate 

Methylcyclohexyl propionate 

*Methylionones : 

6-Methyl-cc-ionone 

6-Methyl-3-ionone 

Methylionone (a- and 6-) 

Methyl- 2- nonenoate 

Neryl acetate prime 

Nopyl acetate 

Santalol 

Santalyl acetate 

*Terpineols : 

a-Terpineol 

3-Terpineol 

Terpineol (a- and 3-) 

Terpinol hydrate (terpin hydrate), tech 

*a-Terpinyl acetate 

Terpinyl acetate (mixed a-3) 

a-Terpinyl propionate 

3,3,5-Trimethylcyclohexanol 

l-(2,6,6-Trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-l-yl)-l,6-heptadien- 
3-one (Allyl-a-ionone) . 

Vernaldehyde 

Vetivenol 

*Vetivenyl acetate 

FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC 

Acetylbutyryl (2, 3-Hexanedione) 

Acetyl propionyl 

Acetylvaleryl (2, 3-Heptanedione) 

*Allyl hexanoate 

Allyl isothiocyanate (Synthetic mustard oil) 

Allyl mercaptan 

Allyl octanoate (Allyl capiylate) 

Allyl sorb ate ' 

Allyl sulfide 

Amyl propionate 

Brazinol 

Butyl butyryl lactate 

Butyl 10 - undecy 1 enat e 

Cadinene 

*Citral a (Geranial )---.--,- 

Citronellyl acetate 

Citronellyl butyrate 

*Citronellyl formate 

*Citronellyl isobutyrate 

Citronellyl propionate 

Decanal (Capraldehyde) 

Di ethy 1 sebacate 

Diethyl succinate 

Dihy dro my re eno 1 

Dihydro safrol 

1, l-Dimethoxy-3, 7-dimethyl-2,6-octadiene 

2,6-Dimethyl-5-hepten-l-al 

3,7-Dimethyl-l,6-nonadien-3-ol 

3, 7-Dimethyl-l,6-nonadien-3-ol, acetate 

3,6-Dimethyl-2,6-octadienal (Citral) 

*3, 7-Dimethyl-cis-2,6-octadien-l-ol (N6rol) 

*3, 7- Dimethyl- trans- 2, 6-octadi en- l-ol (Geraniol) 

3,7-Dimethyl-l,6-octadien-3-ol (Linalyl alcohol) 

3,7-Dimethyl-l,6-octadien-3-ol acetate (Linalyl 
acetate) . 



GIV, 


HN, NEO, 


OPC. 


GIV. 






GIV. 






GIV. 






GIV. 






GIV, 


NEO. 




GIV, 


GLD, HN, 


NEO. 


GIV. 






PFW. 






GIV. 






GIV, 


MYW. 




NEO. 






GIV, 


IFF, MYW 


UNG, UOP 


GIV. 






GIV. 






CI, 


RT, SHL. 




GIV, 


IFF. 




GIV. 






GLD, 


HPC. 




HN. 






GIV, 


NEO. 




HPC. 






GIV, 


NEO, PFW 


UNG. 


RDA. 






ELN, 


GIV. 




ARS. 






GIV, 


IFF. 





GIV. 

GIV, UOP. 

CI, ELN, FB, GIV, IFF, NEO, UNG, UOP. 



FB. 

ELN, 

MRT. 

RT. 

RT. 

RT. 

RT. 

GIV. 

RDA. 

ARS. 

GIV. 



CI, 
CI, 
GIV. 
CI, 
ELN, 
IFF. 
GIV. 
ELN, 
ELN, 
IFF. 
CI. 
CI. 
GIV. 
HOP. 
HOF. 
HOF. 
ELN, 
CI, 
ELN, 
ELN, 



ELN, FB, FEL, GIV, LUE, RT, UOP. 
GIV, IFF, UOP. 



ELN, GIV, IFF, RT. 
GIV, IFF, RT. 



IFF. 
FEL. 
UCC. 



FB, GIV, GLD, IFF. 
FB, FEL, GIV, GLD, IFF, NCI, NEO, UNG, UOP. 
FB, FEL, GIV, GLD, HOF, LUE, SHL, UNG. 
FB, GIV, GLD, HOF, SHL, UNG. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. --Flavor and perfume materials: Items for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1969--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

3,7-Dimethyl-l,6-octadien-3-ol cinnamate 

3, 7-Dimethyl-l,6-octadien-3-yl isobutyrate CLinalyl 

isobutyrate) . 
3j 7- Dimethyl- l,6-octadien-3-yl propionate (Linalyl 
propionate) . 

3, 7- Dime thy loot an- 1-al 

3,7-Dimethyl-l-octanol (Dihydrocitronellol) 

3, 7-Dimethyl-3-octanol (Tetrahydrolinalool) 

3,7-Dimethyl-6-octen-l-al fCitronellal) 

*3, 7-Diinethyl-6-octen-l-ol (Citronellol) 

Dimyrcetal 

*Ethyl butyrate 

Ethyl caprate 

Ethyl formate 

Ethyl heptanoate 

*Ethyl hexanoate (Ethyl caproate) 

2-Ethyl-l-hexanol (3-Octanol) 

Ethyl isohexanoate 

Ethyl isovalerate 

Ethyl laurate 

Ethyl myristate 

Ethyl nonanoate 

Ethyl octanoate 

Ethyl propionate 

Ethyl valerate 

Fleuramone 

Geranic acid 

Geranonitrile 

*Geranyl acetate 

Geranyl butyrate 

Geranyl caproate 

*Geranyl formate 

Geranyl isobutyrate 

Geranyl isovalerate 

Geranyl neryl formate 

Geranyl propionate 

*Glutamic acid, monosodium salt (Monosodium glutamate)- 

Y-Heptalactone 

Hpptanal (Enanthaldehyde) 

Heptyl alcohol (1-Heptanol) 

2-Hexanal 

Hexanoic acid fCaproic acid) 

2-Hexanol 

cis-3-Hexen-l-ol lactate 

3-Hydroxy-2-butanone (Acetoin) 

*7-Hydroxy-3, 7-diinethyl-l-octanal (Hydroxycitronellal)- 
7-Hydroxy-3, 7-dimethyl octanal, dimethyl acetal 
(Hydroxycitronellal, dimethyl acetal). 

Isobutyl acetate 

Isodihydro lavandulaldehyde 

Isodihydro lavandulol 

Isodihydro lavandulyl acetate 

Isojasmone 

*Isopentyl butyrate 

*Isopentyl formate 

*Isopentyl isovalerate 

Laevo carvyl acetate 

Laura Idehyde 

Methyl amyl ketone 

Methyl isobutyrate 

Methyl- g-methyl thiopropionate 

Methylol methyl hexyl ketone 

3-Methylthiopropionaldehyde 

2-Methylundecanal 

Muguol and tetrahydro muguol 

Myrcenyl acetate 

My rista Idehyde 

Nonanal 

Nonane diacetate 

Nonane-l,3-diol monoacetate 

Nonanol 



HOF. 








HOF. 








HOF, NEO. 








HOF. 








CI, GIV. 








GIV, HOF. 








CI, FB, GIV, 


IFF. 






CI, ELN, FB, 


GIV, 


GLD, 


IFF, OPC 


IFF. 








FB, NW, RT, 


UOP. 






FB. 








FB, PFW. 








FB, FEL, RT. 








ELN, FB, NW, 


PFW, 


RT. 




GIV. 








PFW. 








PFW. 








ELN, FB. 








RT. 








FEL, RT. 








FB, RT. 








FB. 








PFW. 








IFF. 








FB. 








IFF. 








CI, ELN, FEL 


GIV 


IFF, 


UNG, UOP 


GIV. 









GRW, IMC, MRK. 



CI, ELN, GIV, IFF, RT, UOP. 

IFF. 

FB. 

IFF. 

FB. 

COM. 

FB. 

BAG. 

BAG. 

FB. 

FB. 

FB, ( 

RT. 

FMT. 

CI, 

GIV, 



GIV, GLD, IFF, OPC, UOP. 
IFF. 



GIV, NW, PFW, UOP. 
FB, FEL, GIV, RT. 
FB, PFW. 



CI. 

PFW. 

RT. 

GIV. 

RT. 

GIV. 

IFF. 

IFF. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

CI. 

GIV. 

GIV. 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 



131 



TABLE 2. --Flavor and perfume materials: Items for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1969— Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC-- Continued 

Nonyl acetate 

Ocimenol and acetate 

Octanal 

3-Octanone (Ethyl aiyl ketone) 

n-Octyl alcohol 

n-Octyl formate 

Omega decenol 

Pseudo linalyl acetate 

Pyrolysate ester 

"Rhodinol -- 

fthodinyl acetate 

Rhodinyl butyrate 

Rhodinyl formate 

Sodium allyl sulfonate 

Tepyl acetate 

3, 7,8,8-Tetramethyl-l,6-nonadiene-3-ol 

3, 7, Il-Trimethyl-l,6,10-dodecatriene-3-ol 

2,6,10-Triinethyl-9-undecen-l-al t 

Undecanal 

9-Undecenal 

10-Undecen-l-ol 

10-Undecen-l-ol acetate 

Y-Valerolactone 



CI, 

IFF. 

GIV, 

GIV. 

GIV. 

FB. 

IFF. 

IFF. 

GIV. 

FB, 

GIV, 

IFF. 

IFF. 

SHL. 

UOP. 

HOF. 

HOF. 

GIV. 

GIV, 

GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV. 



GIV. 
IFF. 



FEL, GIV, IFf, LUE, NEO, SHL, UNG. 
IFF. 



132 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 3. --Flavor and perfume materials: Directory of manufacturers, 1969 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


ABB 


Abbott Laboratories 


LUE 


George Lueders S Co., Inc. 




ARA 


Arapahoe Chemicals Div. of Syntex Corp. 








ARS 


Arsynco, Inc. 








ARZ 


Arizona Chemical Co. 


MON 

MRK 
MRT 


Monsanto Co. 
Merck § Co., Inc. 
Morton Chemical Co. 




BAC 


Baker Castor Oil Co. 


MYW 


Stepan Chemical Co., Maywood Div. 




BPC 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Benzol Products 


NCI 


Union Camp Corp., Chemical Div. 




CFC 


Sun Chemical Corp. 


NEO 


Norda Essential Oil 5 Chemical Co., 


Inc. 


CI 


Chem-Pluer, Inc. 


NW 


Northwestern Chemical Co. 




COM 


Commercial Solvents Corp. 


OPC 


Orbis Products Corp. 




DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. 


PD 


Parke, Davis § Co. 




ELN 


Elan Chemical Co. 


PEN 
PFW 
PFZ 


CPC International, Inc., Penick Div 
Polak's Prutal Works, Inc. 
Pfizer, Inc. 




FB 


Fritzsche, Dodge § Olcott, Inc. 








PEL 


Felton International, Inc. 








FLO 


Plorasynth, Inc. 


RDA 


Rhodia, Inc. 




fMT 


Pairmount Chemical Co., Inc. 


RT 


F. Ritter S Co. 




FRM 


Farmers' Chemical Co. 


SHL 


Nitini, Inc. Div. of Shulton, Inc. 




GAP 


GAP Corp., Dyestuff § Chemical Div. 


SKG 


Sunkist Growers, Inc. 




GIV 


Givaudan Corp . 


SLV 


Salvo Chemical Corp. 




GLD 


S.C.M. Corp., Glidden-Durkee Div. 


SW 


Sherwin-Williams Co. 




GRW 


Great Western Sugar Co. 


TCC 


Tanatex Chemical Corp. 




HN 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc. 








HOP 


Hoffman- LaRoche, Inc. 








HPC 


Hercules, Inc. 


UCC . 

UNG 

UNS 


Union Carbide Corp. 

Ungerer 6 Co. 

Miles Laboratories, Inc., Union Div. 




IFF 


International Flavor § Fragrances, Inc. 


UOP 


Universal Oil Products Co., UOP Chemical 


IMC 


International Minerals S Chemical Corp. 




Div. 




LAK 


Lakeway Chemical Co. 


VEL 
VND 


Velsicol Chemical Corp. 
Van Dyk S Co., Inc. 





Note. — For the complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies, refer to table 1 in the Appendix. 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 133 



Plastics and resin materials are condensation and polymerization 
products of organic chemicals containing necessary plasticizers, 
fillers, extenders, stabilizers, and coloring agents. At some stage 
in their manufacture they exist in such physical conditi'on that they 
can be shaped or otherwise processed by the application of heat and 
pressure. Some types of plastics materials may be molded, cast, or 
extruded into semifinished or finished forms. Other types are used 
as adhesives, for the treatment of textiles and paper, and for pro- 
tective coatings. Statistics on U.S. production and sales of syn- 
thetic plastics and resin materials for 1969 are given in table 1.^ 
In general, the statistics follow the outline of the Tariff Commis- 
sion's monthly report on the production and sales of synthetic plastics 
and resin materials (S.O.C. Series P-69) . However, the data given 
include some companies which were not covered in the monthly reports, 
and also some adjusted figures supplied by the original reporting 
companies, and, consequently, many of the figures given in table 1 are 
revised from those shown in the Commission's monthly release dated 
April 15, 1970, which contained year-end cumulative monthly totals for 
1969. The end-use breakdowns shown were developed with the advice of 
representatives of the plastics industry, and the data reported reflect 
producers' determinations of the use categories for their materials. 

Total U.S. production of synthetic plastics and resin materials in 
1969 amounted to 18,676 million pounds-- 14 percent more than the 16,360 
million pounds reported for 1968. Sales in 1969 were 15,922 million 
pounds, valued at $3,175 million. Production of benzenoid plastics 
and resin materials in 1969 amounted to 6,554 million pounds and that 
of nonbenzenoid materials to 12,122 million pounds. These figures 
compare with the benzenoid production in 1968 of 5,899 million pounds, 
and with nonbenzenoid production of 10,461 million pounds. 

The 1969 output of all types of thermosetting resins totaled 3,749 
million pounds, compared with 3,573 million pounds in 1968. In 1969 
phenolic and other tar acid resins were produced in the largest quantity 
in the thermosetting group. Output of phenolic resins amounted to 
1,181 million pounds in 1969, compared with 1,097 million pounds in 1968. 
Production of urea and melamine resins in 1969 was 817 million pounds, 
and that of alkyd resins was 694 million pounds. Other thermosetting 
resins produced in significant amounts in 1969 were polyester resins 
(688 million pounds); epoxy resins (166 million pounds); and poly- 
urethane resins (81 million pounds) . 

The total output of thermoplastic resins in 1969 amounted to 
14,927 million pounds, compared with 12,787 million pounds in 1968. 
The 1968 and 1969 figures include data for coumarone-indene and 
petroleum polymer resins which were previously classified as thermo- 
setting. In 1969, as in previous years, polyethylene, polystyrene, and 

See also table 2 of this section which lists these products and 
identifies the manufacturers of each from the list in table 3. 



131; SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 

polyvinyl chloride were the resins produced in the largest voliane. The 
output of high-pressure (low-density) polyethylene in 1969 was 3,880 
million pounds, which corresponds to the output of 3,306 million pounds 
reported for 1968. Production of low-pressure (high- density) poly- 
ethylene in 1969 was 1,610 million pounds, corresponding to the 1,261 mil- 
lion pounds produced in 1968. Total output of polyvinyl chloride resins 
in 1969 was 3,032 million pounds, and that of polystyrene resins was 3,343 
million pounds. Production of polypropylene in 1969 exceeded 1 billion 
pounds for the first time (1,090 million pounds). 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 



135 



TABLE 1,— Plastics and resin materials: U.S. production and sales, 1969 



[Quantities and values are given in terms of the total weight of the materials (dry basis). Listed below are all 
plastics and resin materials for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders are 
used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were reported.) 
Table 2 lists all plastics and resin materials for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies 
the manufacturer of each J 



Kind and use 



Quantity 



Grand total 

Plastics and resin materials, benzenoid 

Plastics and resin materials, nonbenzenoid 

THERMOSETTING RESINS 

Total 

Alkyd resins, total 

Domestic: 

Phthalic anhydride type 

Pol>!basic acid type 

Sales for export 

Epoxy resins: 

Unmodified, total 

Bonding and adhesive 

Protective coatings 

Reinforced plastics 

All other uses 

Sales for export 

Modified 

Polyester resins,^ total 

Reinforced plastics: 

Sheets, flat and corrugated 

All other 

Surface coatings 

All other uses 

Sales for export 

Phenolic and other tar acid resins, total 

Molding materials 

Bonding and adhesive resins for: 

Laminating 

Coated and bonded abrasives 

Friction materials 

Thermal insulation 

Foundry or shell molding 

Plywood 

Fibrous and granulated wood 

Protective coatings, unmodified and modified 

All other uses 

Sales for export 

Polyurethane and diisocyanate resins 

Rosin modifications, total 

Rosin and rosin esters, unmodified (ester gums)- 
All other 

Urea and melanine resins, total 

Textile treating and coating resins 

Paper treating and coating resins 



1,000 
pounds 



18,676,249 



6,554,204 
12,122,045 



5.748,977 



585,885 
108,234 



8,558 



1,181,150 



316,619 

130,300 
31,881 
44,338 
124,172 
101,042 
208,050 
58,460 
36,348 
129,940 



85,906 



23,880 
62,026 



816,521 



73,301 
69,150 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis' 

15,921,884 



1,000 
dollars 



3,174,755 



5,386,791 
10,535,093 



2,929,658 



1,238,301 
1,936,452 



751.173 



272,845 

56,666 

5,754 



163,582 



76,004 

14,752 

1,611 



19,458 
69,109 
30,197 
29,827 
14,991 
5,575 

606,723 



3,948 
165,281 



50 , 749 
383,410 

4,233 
158,590 

9,741 

968,603 



213,567 



286,277 

78,869 
20,915 
39,945 
57,561 
87,034 

188,615 
46,557 
23,204 

122,172 
17,454 

49 , 334 

85,087 



26,897 
16,754 



22,875 
62,212 



698,042 



4,846 
11,908 



150,365 



64,180 
46,405 



See footnotes at end of table. 



136 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 

TABLE 1.-- Plastics and resin materials: U.S. production and sales, 1969--Continued 



Production 



Sales 



Unit 
value 



THERMOSETTING RESINS--Continued 

Urea and melamine resins--Continued 
Bonding and adhesive resins for: 

Laminating 

Plywood 

Fibrous and granulated wood 

Protective coatings 

All other uses (including molding) 

Sales for export 

All other thermosetting resins 

THERMOPLASTIC RESINS 

Total 

Cellulose plastics materials, total 

Sheets, continuous: 

Under 0.003 gage 

0.003 gage and over 

All other sheets, rods, and tubes 

Molding and extrxosion materials 

Coumarone-indene and petroleum polymer resins, total-- 

Floor tile 

Rubber compounding 

All other uses 

Sales for export 

Polyamide resins, nylon type 

Polyolefin plastics materials: 

Polyethylene, density 0.940 and below: ^ 

Production and sales 

Sales and use, total 

Injection molding 

Blow molding 

Film and sheet 

Extrusion coating on paper and other siibstrates- 

Wire and cable 

All other extruded products, including pipe and 

conduit 

Ail other domestic uses 

Export sales 

Polyethylene, density over 0.940: 

Production and sales 

Sales and use, total 

Injection molding 

Blow molding 

Film and sheet 

Extrusion coating on paper and other substrates- 
Wire and cable 

Pipe and conduit--: 

Other extruded products 

All other domestic uses 

Export sales 

Polypropylene: Production and sales 

Styrene type plastics materials, total 

ABS and SAN resins: ' 

Production and sales- 

Sales and use, total 

Molding 

Extrusion 

All other domestic uses -- 

Export sales 



1,000 

pounds 

dry baeis^ 



39,590 
174,682 
229,950 

63,853 
145,995 



192,613 



16,793 

56,777 

6,833 

112,210 

356,939 



35,790 
87,297 
233,852 



3,880,256 



1,609,630 



1,089,890 
3,343,425 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis^ 



42,208 
162,347 
214,457 

42,802 

117,533 

8,100 

17,447 



1,000 
dollars 



pound 



19,290 



2,423,580 



186,639 



15,491 

55,354 

6,574 

109,220 

354,085 



35,699 

82,994 

208,184 

27,208 

81,790 



3,502,663 
3,735,588 
496,470 
50,393 
1,631,071 
398,091 
358,333 

51,317 
302,925 
446,988 

1,242,018 

1,412,205 

289,056 

539,355 

55,362 

13,493 

33.473 

46,382 

18,269 

252,201 

164,614 

971,729 

2,835,877 



332,182 
546,498 
303,509 
150,278 
60,900 
31,811 



210,49 3 
521,737 



See footnotes at end of table. 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 
TABLE 1. --Plastics and resin materials: U.S. production and sales, 196 9- -Continued 



Kind and use 



Production 



Quantity 



Unit J 
value 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis' 



THERMOPLASTIC RESINS— Continued 

Styrene type plastics materials--Continued 
Styrene and styrene copolymer resins; 

Production and sal^s 

Sales and use, total 

Molding 

Textile and paper treating and coating 

Emulsion paint 

Extrusion 

All other domestic uses Concluding foam and foamable 

materials) 

Export sales 

Vinyl resins (resin content) : 

Polyvinyl chloride and copolymers: 

Production and sales, total 

Suspension homopolymers 

Suspension copolymers 

Dispersion (paste) 

Sales and use, total 

Calendering, except flooring 

Flooring: 

Calendered — 

Coated 

Paper and textile coating, and other paper and 

textile uses 

Protective coatings and adhesives 

Wire and cable 

Extruded film and sheet 

Other extruded products 

Sound records 

Injection and blow molding 

Plastisol formulating and molding 

All other domestic uses 

Export sales 

Polyvinyl acetate: 

Production and sales, total 

Latexes 

Resins 

Sales and use, total 

Emulsion paints 

Adhesives 

Paper treating 

Textile treating 

All other domestic uses 

Export sales . 

Polyvinyl alcohol 

Other vinyl resins' 

All other thermoplastic resins'" 



' Calculated from rounded figures. 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis'^ 



2,759 


,566 


2,503,695 
2,697,867 
1,404,491 

327,620 
36,678 

367,415 

480,045 
81,618 


3,032 


063 


2,748,068 


2,051 


521 




592 


092 




388 


450 


2,915,881 
522,506 

269,785 
66,109 

101,260 
84,154 
376,495 
161,404 
463,042 
137,955 
109,634 
111,604 
349,524 
162,409 


426 


342 


332,421 


317 


002 




109 


340 


394,754 
136,923 
124,722 
28,710 
14,535 
83,567 
6,29 7 


S7, 


003 


50,702 


170, 


794 


94,819 



591,415 



1,000 
dollars 



429,826 



Per 
pound 



JO. 17 



17,308 
35,588 



343,190 



2 For the purpose of this report, "dry basis" is defined as the total weight of the material, including 
resin, plasticizers, fillers, extenders, colors and stabilizers, and excluding water, solvents and other liquid 
diluents. 

3 The term "polyester resins" includes unsaturated alkyds copolymerized with a monomer such as styrene, and 
polyallyl resins such as diallyl phthalate and allyl diglycol carbonate. 

Includes data for acetone- formaldehyde resins; styrene-alkyd polyesters; toluenesulfonamide resins: silicone 
resins; and other thermosetting resins which were produced in small quantities. Also included are saturated 
polyesters for urethanes. 

Represents data for polyethylene produced by the high-pressure process and for ethylene copolymers. 

Represents production of polyethylene by the low-pressure process. 

ABS resins are polymers of acrylonitrile, Styrene, and butadiene. SAN resins are polymers of styrene and 
acrylonitrile. 

Includes straight polystyrene, 1,087 million pounds; rubber-modified polystyrene, 1,118 million pounds; styrene- 
butadiene copolymers, 405 million pounds; and all other, ^50 million pounds. 

Includes data for polyvinyl butyral; polyvinylidene chloride; and certain copolymers. 

Includes data for acrylic; fluorocarbon; non-nylon polyamides; polycarbonate; polyoxymethylene; polyterpene; 
and other thermoplastic resins. 



L38 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 

TABLE 2. --Plastics and resin materials: Items for wMch U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by maniifacturer, 1969 

[Plastics and resin materials for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an 
asterisk (*); chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in con- 
fidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 3. A 
X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product ] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



THERMOSETTING RESINS 



*Alkyd resins, domestic: 
*Phthalic anhydride type- 



*Polybasic acid type- 



*Epoxy resins: 

♦Unmodified 

♦Modified 

♦Polyester resins- 



♦Phenolic and other tar acid resins- 



♦Polyurethane and diisocyanate resins 

•Rosin modifications: 

*Rosin and rosin esters, unmodified (ester gums) 
•All other 

Silicone resins 

Styrene-alkyd polyesters 

•Urea and melamine resins 



•All other thermosetting resins 

THERMOPLASTIC RESINS 

Acetal resins 

Acrylic resins 

•Cellulose plastics materials 



ACY, APT, APV, ASH, BAL, BEN, BOY, BRU, CEL, CIK, 
CM, COM, CPV, DEC, DSO, DUN, DUP, EW, FAR, FBR, 
FCD, FLW, FOC. FRE, FSH, GEI, GIL, GLD, GRG, GRV, 
HAN, ICF, JOB, JSC, JWL, KEL, KMC, KMP, KPS, 
KPT, KYN, MCC, MID, MMM, MNP, NCI, NON, NPV, NTL, 
OBC, OSB, PER, PFP, PPG, PRT, PRX, QCP, RCI, RED, 
REL, RH, SCN, SED, SIP, SM, SW, SYV, TV, X, x, x. 

ACY, APV, ASH, BEN, CGL, CM, COM, CPV, DEG, DUN, DUP, 
EW, FBR, FCD, FOC, GEI, GLD, GRV, HAN, HPC, HYC, 
ICF, KMC, KYN, MCC, MID, MMM, MOB, NCI, NPV, OSB, 
PPG, RCI, RED, RH, SCN, SW, TV. 

CBA, CEL, CPV, DOW, RCI, RSY, SHC, UCC. 

ASH, CM, DSO, EW, FAR, FOM, FRE, HAP, IOC, MID, MMM, 
MNP, MRB, NON, NPV, OCF, OSB, PPG, PRX, PYR, RE^,, 
SCN, SED, x. 

ACP, ACR, ACY, APD, ASH, CGL, COM, CPV, DA, DEG, DSO, 
EKT, EPC, EW, FMP, FRE, GEI, GLD, GRG, GRV, GYR, 
HKD, IFC, IPC, KMC, KPS, KPT, MFG, MMM, MRO, OCF, 
ORO, PLU, PPG, RCI, RH, SCN, SED, SHA, SIC, SM, SW, 
SYV, VAL, x. 

ABS, ACR, AMR, ASH, BME, BOR, CBC, CBD, CBM, CD, CGL, 
CLK, CPV, DSO, EW, FCD, FOM, FRE, FRL, GE, GEI, 
GRG, GRV, HAN, HER, HKD, HPC, HVG, ICF, INL, IOC, 
IRI, KPT, KYN, MCA, MID, MMM, MCN, MRB, NCI, NON, 
NPI, NPP, NPV, NTC, OCF, PGU, PLS, PPG, PPL, PRX, 
PYR, PYZ, RAB, RCD, RCI, REL, RH, RPC, SCN, SHA, 
SIM, SM, SNC, SPL, SW, SYV, UCC, UNO, UPL, VSV, 
WCA, WRD, WTC, X. 

ARK, ASH, BFG, CGL, DUP, EW, FAR, FRE, GPM, HAP, IPI, 
JWL, KMC, MCC, MID, PEL, PVI, PYR, QUN, RCI, SCN, 
SKT, UPJ, X. 

APV, ASH, CBY, DPP, FAR, FRP, JOB, MCC, NCI. 

APV, ASH, CBY, DPP, EW, FAR, FRP, NCI, OSB, RH, SCF, 
TV. 

ASH, DCC, RCI, SPD. 

ASH, CGL, EW, MCC, VAL. 

ACP, ACY, AMR, APX, ASH, BOR, CAP, CBC, CBD, CEL, CIB 
CLK, CMP, CPV, DAN, DSO, DUP, ECC, EFH, FOM, GAF, 
GE, GRV, HAN, HNC, HRT, IRI, JSC, KPS, MID, 
MMM, MON, NON, NPP, NTC, OCF, PC, PGU, PMC, PPG, 
PPL, QCP, RCI, REL, RH, RPC, SAC, SBC, SED, SEY, 
SNW, SOR, STC, SW, SYV, TXT, UNO, UPL, USO, VAL. 
WIG, WRD, X, X. 

ACY, EW, FRE, HVG, MOB, MON. 



CEL, DUP. 

ACY, ASH, CEL, CIB, DUP, EFH, FLH, FRE, GLC, GLX, 
HRT, JOB, JSC, KMC, NPV, PCI, PVI, QUN, RH, RPC, 
SAR, SED, SEY, SNW, UCC, VAL, VPC, WIC, x, x. 

CEL, DOW, DUP, EKT, HN, MON, RSB, SPY, x, X. 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 



139 



TABLE 2. — Plastics and resin materials: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
Caccording to list in table 3) 



THERMOPLASTIC RESINS— Continued 

*Coumarone-indene and petroleum polymer resins- 

Dicyandiamine resins 

Polyamide resins: 
*Nylon type 

Non-nylon type 

Polycarbonate resins 

Poly ether resins 

Polyethylene resins: 
♦Density 0.940 and below 

♦Density over 0.940 

Ethylene copolymers 

♦Polypropylene resins 

Polyterpene resins 

Styrene type plastics materials: 
*ABS and SAN resins 

♦Styrene and styrene copolymer resins 



Vinyl resins: 
♦Polyvinyl chloride and copolymer resins- 



♦Polyvinyl acetate resins- 



♦Polyvinyl alcohol resins 

Polyvinyl butyral resins 

Polyvinylidene chloride resins- 
All other vinyl resins 

All other thermoplastic resins 



ACC, ACP, DSO, DUP, ENJ, KPl, MID, NEV, PAI, PPG, 

RCI, RGC, VEL. 
CIB, JSC, RPC, SBC, SNW, WIC. 

ALF, BCM, CEL, DUP, FG, GOC, MON, POL, SNW. 
DUP, EMR, HN, UCC, x. 
GE, MOB. 
WTC. 

ACP, CEL, CPG, CPX, DOW, DUP, EKX, ENJ, GOC, KPP, 

MON, RCC, UCC, US I. 
ACP, CEL, CPX, DOW, DUP, EKX, GOC, KPP, MON, 

PLC, UCC, USI, X. 
DUP, ENJ, UCC, USI, X. 
AVS, DA, EKX, ENJ, HPC, NVT, RCC, SHC. 
CBY, SCN. 

BFG, DOW, FBF, FIR, CRD, KPP, MCB, MON, RCC, UCC, 
USR. 

ACC, ATR, BAS, BCN, BFG, BOR, CSD, DOW, DPI, DSO, 
DUP, FBF, FG, FIR, GAF, GNT, GOR, GRD, GYR, IOC, 
JSC, KPP, MON, MRT, NLC, PAI, PLA, POL, PRX, PVI, 
RCC, RH, SBI, SHC, SM, SOL, SPE, UBS, UCC, UOC, 
USR, WAY, WIC, X, X. 

ACP, AME, BFG, BOR, CLK, CPL, CST, CUC, DA, DOW, 
ESC, FIR, GNT, GRA, GYR, HN, KYS, MON, NSC, PNT, 
PYR, QCP, RUB, SCO, SFA, THC, TNA, UCC, USR. 

AMI, ASH, BEN, BOR, BOY, CEL, CUC, DSO, DUP, FAR, 
FLH, GLC, GLD, GRD, HAN, HNC, HRT, JSC, KMC, KMP, 
MCC, MMM, MON, NPV, NSC, ,OBC, OCF, PII, PPG, PRX, 
PVI, RCI, RPC, SBI, SED,'SEY, SPC, UCC, UOC, WIC, 

X, X, X, X, X, 

BOR, CUC, DUP, MON, x. 

DUP, MON, UCC. 

BAS, DOW, DUP, GRD, MCC. 

DUP, EW, MON, UCC, USR. 

ACC, DUP, EFH, ENJ, GGY, MMM, RH, RPC, SBI, UNO. 



140 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 
TABLE 3. — Plastics and resin materials: Directory of Manufacturers, 1969 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


ABS . 


Abex Corp., American Brakeblok Div. 


ECC 


Eastern Color 6 Chemical Co. 


ACC 


Amoco Chemical Corp. 


EFH 


E. F. Houghton 5 Co. 


ACP 


Allied Chemical Corp. , Plastics Div. 




Eastman Kodak Co.: 


ACR 


CPC International, Inc., Acme Resin Div. 


EKT 


Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 


ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. 


EKX 


Texas Eastman Co. Div. 


ALF 


Allied Chemical Corp., Fibers Div. 


EMR 


Emery Industries, Inc. 


AME 


American Chemical Corp. 


ENJ 


Enjay Chemical Co. 


AML 


Amalgamated Chemical Corp. 


EPC 


Epoxylite Corp. 


AMR 


Pacific Resins § Chemical Co. 


ESC 


Escambia Chemical Corp. 


APD 


Atlas Chemical Industries, Inc. 


EW 


Westinghouse Electric Corp., Industrial 


APT 


American Petrochemicals Corp., Mol Rez Div. 




Plastics Div., Chemical Products Plant 


APV 


Armstrong Paint § Varnish Works, Inc. 






APX 


Apex Chemical Co., Inc. 






ARK 


Armstrong Cork Co. 


FAR 


Farnow, Inc. 


ASH 


Ashland Oil, Inc., Ashland Chemical Co. 


FBF 


Dart Industries, Inc., Fiberfil Div. 




Div. 


FBR 


Pabco Paint Corp. 


ATR 


Atlantic Richfield Co., ARCO Chemical Co. Div. 


FCD 


France, Campbell 6 Darling, Inc. 


AVS 


AviSun Corp. 


FG 


Foster Grant Co., Inc. 






FIR 


Firestone Tire 5 Rubber Co., Firestone 


BAL 


Baltimore Paint S Chemical Corp. 




Plastics Co. Div. 


BAS 


BASF Corp. 


FLH 


H. B. Fuller Co. 


BCM 


Belding Chemical Industries 


FLW 


Fuller-O'Brien Corp. 


BCN 


Lehn 5 Fink Products Corp., Beacon Div. 




FMC Corp . : 


BEN 


Bennett's 


FMP 


Organic Chemicals Div. 


BFG 


B. F. Goodrich Co., B.F. Goodrich Chemical 


FOC 


Farac Oil S Chemical Co. Div. of Hands chy 




Co. Div. 




Chemical Co. 


BLS 


Beech-Nut, Inc. 


FOM 


Formica Corp. 


BME 


Bendix Corp., Friction Materials Div. 


FRE 


Freeman Chemical Corp. 


BOR 


Borden Co., Borden Chemical Co. Div. 


FRL 


Firestone Tire 5 Rubber Co., Firestone 


BOY 


Boys en Paint Co. 




Foam Products Co. 


BRU 


M. A. Bruder § Sons, Inc. 


FRP 


FRP Company 






FSH 


Frisch § Co. , Inc. 


CAP 


DuPlan Corp., Rochester Button Div. 






CBA 


Ciba Products Co. 


GAF 


GAF Corp. : 


CBC 


Georgia-Pacific Corp., Coos Bay Div. 




Dyestuff § Chemical Div. 


CBD 


Chembond Corp. 




Textile Chemicals Div. 


CBM 


Carborundum Co. , Coated Abrasives Div. 


GE 


General Electric Co.: 


CBN 


Cities Service Co., Petrochemicals Group 


GEI 


Insulating Materials Dept. 


CBY 


Crosby Chemicals, Inc. 


GGY 


Geigy Chemical Corp. 


CD 


Budd Co., Polychem Div. 


GIL 


Gilman Paint S Varnish Co. 


CEL 


Celanese Corp. : 


GLC 


General Latex § Chemical Corp. 




Celanese Coatings Co. 


GLD 


SCM Corp., Glidden-Durkee Div. 




Celanese Plastics Co. 


GLX 


Electro-Seal Glasflex Corp. 


CGL 


Cargill, Inc. 


GNM 


General Mills, Inc. 


CIB 


Ciba Chemicals 5 Dye Co. 


GNT 


General Tire § Rubber Co., Chemical Div. 


CIK 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc., Cal/Ink Div. 


GOC 


Gulf Oil Corp., U.S. Gulf Oil Co., 


CLK 


Clark Oil § Refining Corp., Clark Chemical Co. 




Chemicals Dept. 


CM 


Carpenter-Morton Co. 


GOR 


Gordon Chemical Co., Inc. 


CMP 


Commercial Products Co., Inc. 


GPM 


General Plastics Manufacturing Co. 


COM 


Commercial Solvents Corp. 


GRA 


Great American Chemical Corp. 


CPL 


Conoco Plastics 


GRD 


W. R. Grace S Co., Polymers Chemicals Div. 


CPV 


Cook Paint § Varnish Co. 


GRG 


P. D. George Co. 


CPX 


Chemplex Co. 


GRV 


Guardsman Chemical Coatings, Inc. 


CSD 


Cosden Oil 6 Chemical Co. 


GYR 


Goodyear Tire 6 Rubber Co. 


CST 


Chas. S. Tanner Co. 






cue 


Air Reduction Co., Inc., Airco Chemical 


HAN 


Hanna Chemical Coating Corp. 




§ Plastics Div. 


HAP 


Applied Plastics Co., Inc. 






HER 


Heresite § Chemical Co. 


DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. 


HKD 


Hooker Chemical Corp., Durez Div. 


DAN 


Dan River Mills, Inc. 


HN 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc. 


DAV 


Conchemco, Inc., H. B. Davis Co. Div. 


HNC 


H g N Chemical Co. 


DCC 


Dow Coming Corp. 


HPC 


Hercules, Inc. 


DEC 


Degan Oil S Chemical Co. 


HRT 


Hart Products Corp. 


DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. 


HVG 


Haveg Industries, Inc. 


DPT 


Diamond Plastics, Inc. 


HYC 


Dexter Corp., Hysol Co. Div, 


DPP 


Dixie Pine Products Co., Inc. 






DSO 


DeSoto, Inc. 


ICF 


Inmont Corp. 


DUN 


Frank W. Dunne Co. 


INL 


Inland Steel Co., Inland Steel Container 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours § Co., Inc. 




Co. Div. 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 
TABLE 3. — Plastics and resin materials: Directory of Manufacturers, 1969 — Continued 



141 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


IOC 


lonac Chemical Co. Div. of Sybron Corp. 


PVI 


Polyvinyl Chemicals, Inc., Div. of 


IPC 


Interplastlc Corp., Commercial Resins Div. 




Beatrice Foods Co. 


IPX 


Isocyanate Products, Inc. 


PYR 


Poly Resins 


IRI 


Ironsides Resins, Inc. 


PYZ 


Polyrez Co. , Inc. 


JOB 


Jones-Blair Paint Co. 


QCP 


Quaker Chemical Corp. 


JSC 


Jersey State Chemical Co. 


QUN 


K. J. Quinn S Co., Inc. 


JWL 


Jewel Paint § Varnish Co. 










RAB 


Raybestos-Manhattan, Inc., Raybestos Div. 


KEL 


Kelly-Pickering Chemical Corp. 


RCC 


Rexene Polymers Co. 


KMC 


Kohler-McLister Paint Co. 


RCD 


Richardson Co. 


KMP 


Kelly-Moore Paint Co. 


RCI 


Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 


KPI 


Kenrich Petrochemicals, Inc. 


RED 


Red Spot Paint Co., Inc. 


KPP 


Sinclair- Koppers Co. 


REL 


Reliance Universal, Inc. 


KPS 


Koppers Pittsburgh Co. 




§ Rel Rez Div. 


KPT 


Koppers Co., Inc., Organic Materials Div. 


RGC 


Rogers Corp. 


KYN 


Kyanize Paints, Inc. 


RH 


Rohm 5 Haas Co. 


KYS 


Keysor Chemical Corp. 


RFC 


Millmaster Onyx Corp., Refined-Onyx Div. 






RSB 


Rosenberg Bros. 5 Co. 


MCA 


Masonite Corp., Alpine Div. 


RSY 


Resyn Corp. 


MCB 


Borg-Warner Corp., Marbon Chemical Div. 


RUB 


Hooker Chemical Corp., Rmco Div. 


MCC 


McCloskey Varnish Co. 






MFC 


Molded Fiber Glass Body Co. 


SAC 


Southeastern Ahhesives Co. 


MID 


Dexter Corp., Midland Div. 


SAR 


Sartomer Resins, Inc. 


MMM 


Minnesota Mining S Manufacturing Co. 


SBC 


Scher Bros. , Inc. 


MNP 


Minnesota Paints, Inc. 


SBI 


Standard Brands Chemical Industries, Inc. 


MOB 


Mobay Chemical Co. 


SCF 


Schaefer Varnish Co., Inc. 


MON 


Monsanto Co. 


SCN 


Schenectady Chemicals, Inc. 


MR 


Benjamin Moore § Co. 


SCO 


Scholler Bros., Inc. 


MRB 


Marblette Co., Div. of Allied Products Corp. 


SED 


Conchemco, Inc., Kansas City 


MRO 


W. R. Grace f, Co., Marco Chemical Div. 




Div. 


MRT 


Morton Chemical Co. 


SEY 


Seydel -Wool ley § Co., Inc. 






SFA 


Stauffer Chemicals Co., Specialty 


NCI 


Union Camp Corp. , Chemical Div. 




Chemical Div. 


NEV 


Neville Chemical Co. 


SHA 


Shanco Plastics § Chemicals, Inc. 


NLC 


Nalco Chemical Co. 


SHC 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 


NON 


A. P. Nonweiler Co. 


SIC 


Vjstron Corp. , Silmar Div. 


NPI 


National Polychemicals, Inc. 


SIM 


Simpson Timber Co. 


NPP 


Enjay Chemical Co., Enjay Fibers 5 Laminates 


SIP 


Sipes Chemical Coatings Co. 




Co. Div. 


SKT 


Textron, Inc., Spencer Kellogg Div. 


NPV 


Norris Paint S Varnish Co., Inc. 


SM 


Mobil Chemical Co. 


NSC 


National Starch § Chemical Corp. 


SNC 


Sonoco Products Co. 


NTC 


National Casein Co. 


SNW 


Sun Chemical Corp., Chemicals Div. 


NTL 


National Lead Co. 


SOL 


Solar Chemical Corp. 


NVT 


Novamont Corp., Neal Works 


SOR 


Thomason Industries, Inc., Southern 
Resin Div. 


OBC 


O'Brien Corp. 


SPC 


Sinclair Paint Co. 


OCF 


Owens-Coming Fiberglas Corp. 


SPD 


General Electric Co., Silicone Products 


ORO 


Chevron Chemical Co. 




Dept. 


OSB 


C. J. Osborn Co. 


SPE 


Southern Petrochemical Corp. 






SPL 


Spaulding Fibre Co., Inc. 


PAI 


Pennsylvania Industrial Chemical Corp. 


SPY 


Standard Pyroxoloid Corp. 


PC 


Proctor Chemical Co., Inc. 


STC 


Sou- Tex Chemical Co., Inc. 


PCI 


Pioneer Chemical Works, Inc. 


SW 


Sherwin-Williams Co. 


PEL 


Pelron Corp. 


SYV 


Synvar Corp. 


PER 


Perry 6 Derrick Co. 






PFP 


Midwest Manufacturing Corp. 


THC 


Olin Corp., Thompson Plastics 


PGU 


Gulf Oil Corp., Gulf Adhesives 


TNA 


Ethyl Corp. 


PIT 


Polymer Industries, Inc. 


TV 


Sun Chemical Corp., General Printing 


PLA 


Richardson Co., Polymeric Div. 




Ink Div. 


PLC 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 


■ TX 


Texaco. Inc. 


PLS 


Plastics Engineering Co. 


TXT 


Textilana Corp. 


PLU 


Plumb Chemical Corp. 






PMC 


Plastics Manufacturing Co. 


UBS 


A. E. Staley Manufacturing Co. 


PNT 


Pantasote Co. 


UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 


POL 


Polymer Corp. 


UNO 


United Oil Manufacturing Co. 


PPG 


PPG Industries, Inc. 


UCC 


Union Oil Co. of California 


PPL 


Pioneer Plastics Corp. 


UPJ 


Upjohn Co. 


PRT 


Pratt § Lambert, Inc. 


UPL 


Champion Papers, Inc., U.S. Plywood Div., 


PRX 


Purex Corp. , Ltd. 




California Operations, Shasta Area 



142 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 

TABLE 3. --Plastics and resin materials: Directory of Manufacturers, 196 9- -Continued 



tode 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


US I 


National Distillers S Chemical 


Corp. : 


VPC 


Verona Corp. 




U.S. Industrial Chemicals Co. 


Div. 


VSV 


Valentine Sugars, Inc. 


USI 


National Petro Chemical Corp. 








USO 


U.S. Oil Co. 




WAY 


Philip A. Hunt Chemical Corp., 


USR 


Uniroyal, Inc., Chemical Div. 




WCA 


Wayland Chemical Div. 
West Coast Adhesives Co. 


VAL 


Valchem 




WIC 


Wica Chemicals, Inc. 


VEL 


Veliscol Chemical Corp. 




WRD 
WTC 


Weyerhaeuser Co., Wood Products Div. 
Witco Chemical Co., Inc. 



Note. --For complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies, refer to fcable 1 in the Appendix. 



RUBBER'^^PROCESSING CHEMICALS ll;3 

Rubber-processing chemicals are organic compounds that are 
added to natural and synthetic rubbers to give them qualities 
necessary for their conversion into finished rubber goods. In 
this report, statistics are given for cyclic and acyclic compounds, 
by use--such as accelerators, antioxidants, blowing agents, and 
peptizers. Data on production and sales of rubber-processing 
chemicals in 1969 are given in table 1.^ 

Production of rubber-processing chemicals as a group in 1969 
amounted to 30 3 million pounds, or 2.9 percent less than the 313 
million pounds reported for 1968. Sales of rubber- processing 
chemicals in 1969 amounted to 229 million pounds, valued at $144 
million, compared with 236 million pounds, valued at $151 million, 
in 1968. The decreased production and sales of rubber-processing 
chemicals in 1969 is attributable principally to the decreased pro- 
duction and sales of cyclic compounds, particularly the amino 
antioxidants . 

The output of cyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1969 amount- 
ed to 255 million pounds, 3.3 percent less than the 264 million 
pounds reported for 1968. Sales in 1969 were 194 million pounds, 
valued at $127 million, compared with 199 million pounds, valued at 
$133 million, in 1968. Of the total output of cyclic rubber-proces- 
sing chemicals in 1969, accelerators accounted for 34.8 percent and 
antioxidants for 59.5 percent. Production of antioxidants, which 
amounted to 151.6 million pounds in 1969, included 109.8 million 
pounds of amino compounds and 41.8 million pounds of phenolic and 
phosphite compounds . Sales of amino antioxidants in 1969 were 
83.2 million pounds, valued at $55.9 million; sales of phenolic and 
phosphite antioxidants were 29.0 million pounds, valued at $20.6 
million. 

Production of acyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1969 amount- 
ed to 48. 7 million pounds, a decrease of 0.9 percent from the 49.1 
million pounds reported for 1968. Sales in 1969 totaled 35.5 mil- 
lion pounds, valued at $17.2 million, compared with 36.6 million 
pounds, valued at $18.4 million, in 1968. Accelerators, principal- 
ly dithiocarbamic acid derivatives and tetramethylthiuram sulfides, 
accounted for 52.7 percent of the output of acyclic rijbber-processing 
chemicals for 1969. Dodecyl mercaptans accounted for 27.9 percent. 
Blowing agents, modifiers, shortstops, and lubricating and con- 
ditioning agents accounted for the remainder of the output of 
acyclic compounds.. 

^ See also table 2 of this section which lists these products and 
identifies the manufacturers of each from the list in table 3. 



144 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 1. --Rubber-processing chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1969 

[Listed below are all rubber-processing chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were 
reported.) Table 2' lists separately all rubber-processing chemicals for which data on production or sales were re- 
ported and identifies the manufacturer of each j 



Grand total 

RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

Total 

Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents, total 

Aldehyde- amine reaction products 

Dithiocarbamic acid derivatives 

Thiazole derivatives, total 

N-Cyclohexyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

2,2'-DithiobisCbenzothiazole) 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, zinc salt 

All other thiazole derivatives 

All other accelerators 

Antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers, total 

Amino compounds, total 

Substituted p-phenylenediamines, total 

N,N'-Diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine 

All other substituted p-phenylenediamines 

Octyldiphenyl amine 

N-Phenyl-2-naph thy 1 amine 

All other amino antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers 

Phenolic and phosphite antioxidants and stabilizers, total 

Polyphenolics (including bisphenols) 

Phenol, alkylated 

Phenol, hindered 

Phenol, styrenated 

All other phenolic and phosphite antioxidants, and 

stabilizers -- 

N-Nitrosodiphenylamine (retarder) 

Peptizers 

All other cyclic rubber-processing chemicals^ 

RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents, total 

Dithiocarbamic acid derivatives, total 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

All other dithiocarbamic acid derivatives 



1,000 
pounds 



254,792 



88,654 

2,302 

248 

76,053 
4,882 

23,467 
6,693 
4,556 

36,455 

10,051 

151,607 



109,765 
54,448 

1,263 
53,185 

3,863 

4,511 
46,943 
41,842 
12,164 
10,234 
833 

2,091 

16,520 

2,047 
5,927 
6,557 



,25^685 



10,098 
1,483 
1,936 

2,493 
2,809 
1,377 



Sales 



Quantity 



1,000 



229,492 



194,012 



68,313 

1,301 

217 

56,261 
3,360 

11,602 
4,805 
3,645 

32,849 

10,534 

112,186 



83,229 
36,981 

1,306 
35,675 

3,059 

43,189 
28,957 
10,020 
5,872 



13,065 

1,126 
5,821 
6,566 



35.480 



18.728 



1,808 
144 
2,164 
1,789 
1,968 



1,000 
dollars 



144,476 



127,268 



38,105 

1,059 

511 

28,267 
1,990 
6,092 
1,896 
1,821 

16,468 
8,268 

76,471 



55,885 
31,746 

1,148 
30,598 

1,658 

22,481 
20,586 
12,129 
3,307 



660 
3,261 
8,771 



17.208 



10,911 



5,802 

1,760 

55 

1,303 

829 

1,855 



See footnotes on following page. 



RUBBER- PRGCESSnSTG CHEMICALS 



145 



TABLE 1. --Rubber-processing chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1969--Continued 



Production 



Unit 
value' 



1,000 
pounds 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents--Continued 
• Thiurams, total ^ -. 

Bis (dimethylthiocarbamoyl) disulfide 

Bis (dimethylthiocarbamoyl) sulfide 

All other thiurams 

All other accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents' 

Dodecyl mercaptans 

Dimethyldithiocarbaraic acid, sodium salt 

All other- acyclic rubber-processing chemicals' 



10,107 
2,591 



13,587 
5,411 
4,004 



1,000 
pounds 



10,575 

8,071 

1,771 

733 



12,082 
1,303 
3,367 



1,000 
dollars 



4,826 

3,047 

1,359 

420 

283 

4,270 

340 

1,687 



Per 
pound 



.77 

.57 

1.01 



^ Calculated from rounded figures. 

2 Includes aldehyde and acetone-amine reaction products. 

' includes tackifiers, physical-property improvers, and blowing agents. 

'' Data on dithiocarbamates included in this table are for materials used chiefly in the processing of natural and 
synthetic rubbers. Data on dithiocarbamates which are used chiefly as fungicides are included in the report 
"Pesticides and Related Products", 

^ Includes data for small amounts of tetramethylthiuram sulfides for uses other than in the processing of natural 
and synthetic rubbers. 

' Includes production data for thiurams. 

7 Includes blowing agents, polymerization regulators, shortstops, and conditioning and lubricating agents. 



146 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. --Rubber-processing chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969 

[Rubber-processing chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an asterisk (♦); 
chemicals nbt so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be 
published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 3. An x signifies that the manu- 
facturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product ] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3 ) 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

*Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents: 
*Aldehyde-aiiiine reaction products : 

Acetaldehyde-aniline condensate 

n-Butyraldehyde-aniline condensate 

Butyraldehyde-butylideneaniline condensate 

a-Ethyl-S-propylacrylanilide 

Heptaldehyde-aniline condensate 

Triethyltrimethylenetri amine 

*Dithiocarbamic acid derivatives: 

Dibenzyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, N,N-dimethylcyclohexyl- 
amine salt. 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, diphenylguanidine salt 

2,4-Dinitrophenyl dimethyldithiocarbamate 

Piperidinecarbodithioic acid, piperidinium-potassium 
salts, mixed. 
Guanidines : 

Dicatechol borate, di-o-tolylguanidine salt 

1,3-Diphenylguanidine 

Diphenylguanidine phthalate 

1,3-Di-o-tolylguanidine 

Dodecyltetramethylguanidine 

1,2,3-Triphenylguanidine 

*Thiazole derivatives : 

2-Benzothiazyl N,N-diethylthiocarbamoyl sulfide 

1,3-Bis [2-benzothiazolylmercaptomethyl)urea 

N-tert-Butyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

*N-Cyclohexyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

N,N-Diisopropyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

N-(2,6-DiraethyImorpholino}-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

*2,2'-Dithiobis (benzothiazole) 

*2-Mercaptobenzothiazole 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, zinc chloride 

*2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, zinc salt 

4-Morpholinyl-2-benzothiazyl disulfide 

N-Oxydiethylene-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

Thiazoline-2-thiol 

All other cyclic accelerators, activators, and vulcan- 
izing agents: 

p-Benzoquinonedioxime 

Bis (p-aminocyclohexyl)methane carbamate 

Bis(morpholinothiocarbonyl) disulfide 

Dibenzoyl-p-quinonedioxime 

Dibenzylamine 

N,N'-Dicinnamylidene-l,6-hexanediamine 

Di-N,N' -pentamethylenethiuram tetrasulf ide 

4,4'-Dithiodimorpholine 

2-Imidazoline-2-thiol 

m-Phenylenebismaleimide 

Poly-p-dinitrosobenzene 

Styrene poly sulfide 

m-Tolylenebismaleimide 

All other 

•Antioxidants , antiozonants, and stabilizers: 

*Amino antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers: 
Aldehyde- and acetone-amine reaction products: 

Acetaldehyde-aniline hydrochloride condensate 

Aldol-a-naphthylamine condensate 

Butyraldehyde-aniline condensate 

Diphenylamine-acetone condensate 

Phenyl-2-naphthylaniine-acetone condensate 



USR. 

DUP, MON, RCD, USR. 

MON. 

ceo. 

USR. 
USR. 

USR . 
MON.' 

ceo. 

USR. 
DUP. 



DUP. 
ACY. 
MON. 
ACY. 
DUP. 
ACS. 

PAS. 
MON. 
MON. 
ACY, 
ACY. 
MON. 
ACY, 
ACY, 
DUP. 
ACY, 
GYR. 
ACY, 
ACY. 



BFG, MON, USR. 



BFG, GYR, MON, USR. 
BFG, GYR, MON, USR. 



BFG, DUP, GYR, USR. 
BFG, MON. 



CTN, DUP. 

DUP. 

ACY. 

CTN, USR. 

MLS, USR.- 

DUP. 

DUP, VNC. 

MON. 

DUP, RBC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

TKL. 

DUP. 



USR. 

BFG. 

DUP. 

ACY, BFG, USR. 

USR. 



RUBBER- PROCESSING CHEMICALS 



TABLE 2.- 



- Rubber-processing chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

*Antioxidants , antiozonants , and stabilizers — Continued 
*Amino antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers — 
Continued 
*Substituted p-phenylenediamines : 

N,N' -Bis Cl,4-dimethylpentyl)-p-phenylenedi amine 

N,N'-Bis(I-ethyI-3-niethyIpentyl)-p-phenylenediamine- 

N,N'-Bis(I-iiiethyIheptyI)-p-phenylenediaiiiine 

N-sec-Butyl-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine 

N-Cyclohexyl-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenedi amine 

Diary larylenediamines, mixed 

N- (1 , 3-DimethylbutyI ) -N ' -phenyl -p-phenylenediamine-- 
N- (1,4 -Dimethylpentyl )-N' -phenyl -p-pheny lenediamine- 

N, N'-Di-2-naphthyl-p-phenylenediamine 

*N,N'-Diphenyl-p-phenyIenediamine 

N-Isopropyl-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenedi amine 

N-(I-MethylheptyI)-N'-phenyl-p-phenyIenediamine 

Nitroso-N-phenyl-p-phenylenedi amine 

All other p-phenylenediamines 

Other amino antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabi- 
lizers : 

p-Anilinophenol 

l,2-Dihydro-6-dodecyl-2,2,4-trimethylquinoline 

l,2-Dihydro-6-ethoxy-2,2,4-trimethylquinoline 

l,2-Dihydro-2,2,4-trimethylquinoline 

4,4'-Dimethoxydiphenylamine 

4,4'-DioctyldiphenyIamine 

N,N'-Diphenylethylenedi amine 

N,N'-Diphenyl-l,3-propanediamine 

N,N'-Di-o-tolylethyIenediamine 

p-Isopropoxydiphenylamine 

4,4*-Methylenedianiline 

*Octyldiphenyl amine 

Octyldiphenylamine mixture (mono-, nonyl-, and. di-)- 

N-Phenyl-1-naphthylamine 

*N-Phenyl-2-naphthylamine 

p-(p-ToluenesuIfonamido)diphenylamine 

*Phenolic and phosphite antioxidants and stabilizers: 
Phosphites: 

Diphenyldecyl phosphite 

Nonyl phenyl phosphites, mixed 

Phenyldidecyl phosphite 

Polymeric phosphite 

Polyphenolic phosphite, polyalkylated 

*Polyphenolics (including bisphenols) : 

Bisphenol , hindered 

4,4'-Butylidenebis (6-tert-butyl-m-cresol) 

2,5-Di- (1, l-dimethylpropyl)hydroquinone 

2,5-Di-sec-pentyldecylhydroquinone 

2,2'-Methylenebis(6-tert-butyl-p-cresol) 

2,2' -Methylenebis (6-tert-butyl-4-ethylphenol) 

2,2'-MethyIenebis [6- (l-methylcyclohexyl)-p-cresol] — 

2, 2 '-Methylenebis (6-tert-octyl-p-cresolj 

2,2'-Thiobis(4,5-di-sec-amylphenol) 

4,4'-Thiobis(6-tert-butyl-m-cresoli 

1 , 1 ,3-Tri (2-methyl-4-hydroxy-S-tert-butylphenyl3 - 
butane. 
Other phenolic antioxidants and stabilizers: 

p-Benzyloxyphenol-- 

o-Cresol , alkylated 

N-Lauroyl-p-aminophenol 

*Phenol, alkylated 

*Phenol, hindered 

*Phenol, styrenated 

N-Stearoyl-p-aminophenol 

Xylenol, alkylated 

Blowing agents: 

N,N '-Dime thy l-N,N'-dinitrosoterephthalamide 

Dinitrosopentamethylenetetramine 

p,p'-Oxybis(benzenesulfonhydrazide) 

p-Toluenesulfonylhydrazide 

p-Toluenesulfonylsemicarbazide 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3 ) 



EKT, 


USR 


x. 






MON, 


UPM 








BFG, 


MON 


UPM. 






USR. 










USR. 










GYR. 










GYR. 










USR. 










BFG. 










BFG, 


DUP, 


SDC, 


USR. 




MON, 


USR. 








BFG. 










USR. 










MON. 










BFG. 










MON. 










MON. 










BFG, 


MON. 








DUP. 










BFG. 










CCO, 


DA, 


X. 






ceo. 










CCO. 










BFG. 










USR. 










ACY, 


NPI, 


PAS, 


USR. 




BFG. 










DUP. 










BFG, 


DUP, 


USR. 






USR. 










HK. 










NPI, 


USR. 








HK. 










NPI. 










BFG. 










GYR. 










MON. 










MON. 










USR. 










ACY, 


ASH. 








ACY. 










ICI. 










ACY. 










MON. 










MON. 










ICI. 










BFG. 










PIT. 










MLS. 










ACY, 


BFG, 


CCO, 


GYR, NEV, 


PIT, USR 


DUP, 


GYR, 


PIT. 






BFG, 


GYR, 


NEV, 


USR. 




MLS. 










PIT. 










DUP. 










DUP, 


NPI. 








USR. 










USR. 










USR. 











SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



-Rubber-processing chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3 ) 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

*Peptizers : 

Alkylated o-thiocresol 

Alkylated thiophenol, zinc salt 

Aryl mercaptans 

2-Benzainidothiophene, zinc salt 

Dicresyl disulfide 

2 ',2' ' ' -Di thi obis (ben zanilide) 

Dixylyl disulfides, mixed 

2-Naphthalenethiol 

Pentachlorobenzenethiol 

Pentachlorobenzenethiol, zinc salt 

Thiocresol 

Thiophenol (Benzenethiol) 

Xylenethiol 

Other cyclic rubber-processing chemicals: 

p-tert-AmylphenoI sulfide (tackifier) 

4-Chloro-2,6-bis (2,4-dihydroxybenzyl)phenol 

Hindered aromatic polyamine 

*N-Nitrosodiphenyl amine (retarder) 

Phenol cyanurate complex 

All other 

RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

*Accelerators , activators, and vulcanizing agents; 
*Dithiocarbainic acid derivatives: 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, potassium salt 

*Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

*Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, selenium salt 

* Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, tellurium salt 

*Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbajnic acid, bismuth salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, copper salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, lead salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, selenium salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt and sodium 
polysulfide. 

*Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

All other 

*Thiurams : 

Bis(dibutylthiocarbamoyl3 sulfide 

Bis (diethylthiocarbamoyl) disulfide 

*Bis(dimethylthiocarbamoyl) disulfide 

•Bis (dimethylthiocarbamoyl) sulfide 

Bis(ethylmethylthiocarbamoyl) sulfide 

Thiuram blend 

Xanthates and sulfides: 

Di-n-butylxantho disulfide 

Diisopropylxantho disulfide 

Zinc dibutyl xanthate 

Zinc isopropyl xanthate 

All other acyclic accelerators, activators, and vulcan- 
izing agents: 

n-Butyraldehyde-butylamine condensate 

Di-n-butyl ammonium oleate 

3-Ethyl-l,l-dimethyl-2-thiourea 

Ethylenedi amine carbamate 

l,l,3-Trimethyl-2- thiourea 

Blowing agents: Modified urea 

Conditioning and lubricating agents : 

Methyl stearyl-10-sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Mono- and dialkyl acid phosphates, mixed 

Mono- and dialkyl phosphate ammonium salts, mixed 

Polymerization regulators: 

Alkyl mercaptans, mixed 

*Dodecyl mercaptans 

n-Octyl mercaptan 

Shortstops : 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, potassium salt 

•Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

Other acyclic rubber-processing chemicals: 

Zinc laurate (activator, physical-property improver) 

All other 



PIT. 
PIT. 
PIT. 
ACY. 
USR. 
ACY. 
PIT. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
PIT. 
PIT. 
DUP. 

PAS. 



ACY, BFG, CTN, GYR, NPI, SAL, USR. 



DUP, PAS, USR, VNC. 
DUP, USR, VNC. 



DUP, PAS. 

GYR, PAS, USR, VNC. 



VNC. 
ALC, 
ALC, 
VNC. 
ALC, 
VNC. 
ALC, 
VNC. 
VNC. 
VNC. 
VNC. 
BFG, 



ALC, DUP, FMN, GYR, PAS, RBC, USR, IVRC . 

VNC. 

USR. 

DUP, GYR, PAS. 

DUP, GYR, PAS, VNC. 

DUP, GYR, USR. 

PAS. 

DUP. 

USR. 
BFG. 
USR. 
VNC. 



DUP. 
DUP. 
VNC. 
DUP. 
VNC. 
DUP. 

DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 

PAS, PLC. 
HK, PAS, PLC. 
PAS. 

GYR, USR. 

ALC, DUP, GYR, PAS, USR. 

USR. 
USR. 



RUBBER- PROCESSING CHEMICALS 



149 



TABLE 3. --Rubber-processing chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1969 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 



Code 


Name of company- 


Code 


Name of company 


ACS 


Allied Chemical Corp., Specialty Chemicals 


MLS 


Miles Laboratories, Inc., Chemicals Div. 




Div. 


MON 


Monsanto Co. 


ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. 






ALC 


Alco Chemical Corp. 






ASH 


Ashland Oil, Inc., Ashland Chemical Co. Div. 


NEV 


Neville Chemical Co. 






NPI 


National Polychemicals, Inc. 


BFG 


B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich Chemical 








Co. Div. 


PAS 


Pennwalt Chemicals Corp. 






PIT 


Pitt-Consol Chemical Co. 






PLC 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 


ceo 


Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 






CTN 


Chemetron Corp., Organic Chemical Div. 










RBC 


Roberts Chemical Div. of Security Chemicals, 
Inc. 


DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. 


RCD 


Richardson Co. 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours § Co., Inc. 










SAL 


Salsbury Laboratories 


EKT 


Eastman Kodak Co., Tennessee Eastman 


SDC 


Martin-Marietta Corp . , Southern Dyestuf f 




Co. Div. 




Co. Div. 


FMN 


FMC Corp., Niagara Chemical Div. 


TKL 


Thiokol Chemical Corp. 


GNT 


General Tire § Rubber Co., Chemical Div. 


UPM 


Universal Oil Products Co. 


GYR 


Goodyear Tire S Rubber Co. 


USR 


Uniroyal, Inc., Chemical Div. 


HK 


Hooker Chemical Corp. 


VNC 


Vanderbilt Chemical Corp. 


ICI 


ICI America, Inc. 


WRC 


Wood Ridge Chemical Corp. 



Note. — For complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies, refer to table 1 in the Appendix. 



i 



ELASTOMERS 151 

Cyclic and acyclic elastomers (synthetic rubbers) are a group 
of high polymeric materials which have properties similar to those 
found in natural rubber. The term "elastomers", as used in this 
report, is specifically defined as substances in bale, crumb, 
powder, latex, and other crude forms, which can be vulcanized or 
similarly processed into materials that can be stretched to at 
least twice their original length and, after having been so 
stretched and the stress removed, will return with force to 
approximately their original length. Data on U.S. production and 
sales of elastomers in 1969 are shown in table 1. 

The total domestic output of all types of synthetic elastomers 
in 1969 was 4,524 million pounds, compared with 4,268 million pounds 
reported for 1968. Sales of these elastomers amounted to 3,918 million 
pounds, valued at $1,060 million, in 1969, compared with 3,563 million 
pounds, valued at $973 million, in 1968. 

Production of cyclic elastomers in 1969 amounted to 2,592 million 
pounds, compared with 2,563 million pounds in 1968. Sales of cyclic 
elastomers in 1969 were 2,173 million pounds, valued at $520 million, 
compared with 2,017 million pounds, valued at $479 million, in the 
previous year. Of the total U.S. production of cyclic elastomers in 
1969, the polybutadiene-styrene type (including vinylpyridine) 
accounted for 2,564 million pounds, and the polyurethane type for 27 
million pounds. 

The U.S. production of acyclic elastomers in 1969 was 1,932 
million pounds, compared with 1,705 million pounds in 1968. Sales of 
these products in 1969 amounted to 1,745 million pounds, valued at 
$539 million. Of the 1969 production of acyclic elastomers, stereo 
elastomers were produced in the largest amount (1,008 million pounds), 
followed by the polyisobutylene-isoprene type (291 million pounds), 
and the polybutadiene-acrylonitrile type (N-type) (154 million pounds). 
The stereo elastomers are composed of polybutadiene, polyisoprene, 
and ethylene-propylene rubber. Production of silicone elastomers in 
1969 was 14 million pounds and of other acyclic elastomers was 466 
million pounds. The latter figure includes polyacrylate, polyalkalene 
sulfide, polychloroprene, polyisobutylene, and types of other elas- 
tomers of lesser importance. 



^ See also table 2 of this section which lists these products and 
identifies the manufacturers of each from the list in table 3. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 1.-- Elastomers (synthetic rubbers): ' U.S. production and sales, 1969 



[Listed below are all elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for which reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were 
reported.) Table 2 lists all elastomers for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the 
manufacturer of each 1 



jdles 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



Grand total-- 

ELASTOMERS, CYCLIC 

Total 

Polybutadiene-styrene type CS-type) ' 

Polybutadiene-styrene-vinylpyridine type — 
Polyure thane type 

ELASTOMERS, ACYCLIC 

Total -- 

Polybutadiene-acrylonitrile type (N-type)-- 

Polyisobutylene-isoprene type (Butyl) 

Silicone elastomers 

Stereo elastomers, total 

Ethylene propylene rubber 

Stereo polybutadiene 

Stereo polyisoprene 

All other acyclic elastomers^ 



2,591,720 



2,172,843 



520,141 



,529,912 
34,382 
27,426 



^2,129,969 
19,967 
22,907 



484,235 
11,550 
24,356 



154,193 

290,733 

13,535 



167,000 
596,731 
244,057 

466,088 



14^,783 
553,008 
200,013 

700,397 



64,451 



177,458 



38,709 
98,230 
40,519 



Per 

pound 



^ The term "elastomers" is defined as substances in bale, crumb, powder, latex, and other crude forms which can be 
vulcanized or similarly processed into materials that can be stretched at 68° F. to at least twice their original 
length and, after having been so stretched and the stress removed, will return with force to approximately their 
original length 

^ Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Elastomer-content basis. 

"* Partly estimated. 

^ Includes data for polyacrylate, polyalkalene sulfide, polychloroprene, polyisobutylene, and other elastomers, and 
.for sales of polyisobutylene-isoprene elastomers. 



Note. --Statistics on the production of S-type, N-type, Butyl, neoprene, and stereo elasto 
cooperation with the U.S. Bureau of the Census. 



ers were compiled in 



ELASTOMERS 153 

TABLE 2. — Elastomers (synthetic rubbers): Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 

identified by manufacturer, 1969 

[Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an asterisk 
(,*); products not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may 
not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 3. An x signifies that the 
manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product ] 



Product 


Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 


ELASTOMERS, CYCLIC 


APL, ASH, ASY, BFG, CPY, FIR, FRS, GNT, GYR, MCB, 

PLC, SBI, SHC, TUS, USR, WIC, x. 
BFG, FIR, FRS, GNT, GYR, USR. 
ACY, BFG, DUP, GNT, MOB, PRC, TKL, USR, WTC, x. 

ACY, BFG, TKL. 

PRC, TKL. 

ATR, BFG, FRS, GYR, TKL, TUS. 

BFG, CPY, FRS, GYR, SBI, USR. 

DUP. 

CBN, ENJ. 

GYR, HPC, ICI. 

DCC, SFA, SPD, UCC. 

CPY, DUP, ENJ, USR. 

APL, ASY, FRS, GNT, PLC, TUS. 

APL, GYR, SHC. 

DUP, ENJ, UCC, X. 




*P 1 th t 


ELASTOMERS, ACYCLIC 


p°i^ ilf^i ^ ^^i^^rl ^^ 


P 1 h t H' t 


*P 1 li"»- A- 1 -t -1 


Polychloroprene type (Neoprene) 


Reaction products of natural rubber 


*Stereo elastomers: 

*Ethylene propylene rubber 




All other 



k 



154 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 3. — Elastomers (synthetic rubbers): Directory of manufacturers, 1969 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. 


ICI 


I.C.I. America, Inc. 


APL 


Ameripol, Inc. 






ASH 


Ashland Chemical Co. 


MCB 


Borg-Wamer Corp., Marbon Chemical Div. 


ASY 


American Synthetic Rubber Corp. 


MOB 


Mobay Chemical Co. 


ATR 


Atlantic Richfield Co., ARCO Chemical Co. Div. 










PLC 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 


BFG 


B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich Chemical 
Co, Div. 


PRC 


Products Research § Chemical Corp. 






RUB 


Hooker Chemical Corp., Ruco Div. 


CBN 


Cities Service Co., Petrochemical Group 






CPY 


Copolymer Rubber § Chemical Corp. 


SBI 


Standard Brands Chemical Industries, Inc. 






SFA 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Specialty Chemical 


DCC 


Dow Corning Corp. 




Div. 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours § Co., Inc. 


SHC 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 






SPD 


General Electric Co., Silicone Products 


ENJ 


En jay Chemical Co. 




Dept. 




Firestone Tire § Rubber Co.: 


TKL 


Thiokol Chemical Corp. 


FIR 


Firestone Plastics Co. Div. 


TUS 


Texas-U.S. Chemical Co. 


FRS 


Firestone Synthetic Rubber S Latex Co. Div. 










UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 


GNT 


General Tire § Rubber Co., Chemical Div. 


USR 


Uniroyal, Inc., Chemical Div. 


GYR 


Goodyear Tire § Rubber Co. 










WIC 


Wica Chemicals, Inc. 


HPC 


Hercules, Inc. 


WTC 


Witco Chemical Co., Inc. 



Note. — For complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies, refer to table 1 in the Appendix. 



PLASTICIZERS 155 

Plasticizers are organic chemicals that are added to synthetic plastics 
and resin materials to (1) improve workability during fabrication, (2) ex- 
tend or modify the natural properties of these resins, or (3) develop new 
improved properties not present in the original resins. Plasticizers 
reduce the viscosity of the resins and make it easier to shape and form 
them at high temperatures and pressures. They also impart flexibility 
and other desirable properties to the finished product. Statistics on 
production and sales of plasticizers in 1969 are given in table 1.^ 

Total U.S. production of plasticizers in 1969 amounted to 1,382 mil- 
lion pounds --representing an increase of 3.8 percent over the output of 
1,331 million pounds reported for 1968. Sales in 1969 of the plasticizers 
covered by this report amounted to 1,275 million pounds, valued at $266 
million, compared with 1,239 million pounds, valued a).t $280 million in 
1968--an increase of 2.9 percent in quantity and a decrease of 5.0 percent 
in value. 

Production of cyclic plasticizers in 1969, which consisted chiefly 
of the esters of phthalic anhydride and phosphoric acid, amounted to 1,023 
million pounds, compared with 985 million pounds in 1968 — an increase of 
3.9 percent. Sales of cyclic plasticizers in 1969 amounted to 947 mil- 
lion pounds, valued at $165 million, compared with 918 million pounds, 
valued at $178 million in the previous year. This represents an increase 
in sales quantity of 3.2 percent and a decrease in sales value of 7.3 per- 
cent. The production of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate and diiso-octyl 
phthalate amounted to 438 million pounds or 31.7 percent of the total 
plasticizerzs output and 42.8 percent of the total cyclic plasticizer 
output. 

Production of acyclic plasticizers in 1969 amounted to 359 million 
pounds, an increase of 3.8 percent, compared with 346 million pounds in 
1968. Sales of acyclic plasticizers in 1969 amounted to 328 million 
pounds, valued at $101 million, compared with 320 million pounds, valued 
at $102 million, in 1968, a gain of 2.5 percent in sales quantity and a 
decrease of 1.0 percent in value. Production of complex linear poly- 
esters in 1969 amounted to 54 million pounds, and that of epoxidized 
esters, to 104 million pounds. Among the other products included in 
the acyclic class are the esters of adipic, azelaic, oleic, sebacic, 
, and stearic acids. 



Production of benzenoid plasticizers in 1969 amounted to 1,109 
million pounds, or 80.2 percent of the total output. Sales of ben- 
zenoid plasticizers in 1969 amounted to 1,026 million pounds, val- 
ued at $187 million, or 80.5 percent and 70.3 percent, respectively, 
of the 1969 totals. 

See also table 2 of this section which lists these products and 
identifies the manufacturers of each from tne list in table 3. 



156 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE l.--Plasticizers:' U.S. production and sales, 1969 

[Listed below are plasticizers for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders are 
used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were reported.) 
Table 2 lists all plasticizers for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufac- 
turer of each ] 



Quantity 



Grand total 

Benzenoid 

Nonbenzenoid 

PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC 

Total 

Phosphoric acid esters: 

Cresyl diphenyl phosphate 

Tricresyl phosphate 

Triphenyl phosphate 

Phthalic anhydride esters, total 

Butyl octyl phthalates (including butyl 2-ethylhexyl 

phthalate and butyl iso-octyl phthalate) 

Dibutyl phthalate 

Dicyclohexyl phthalate 

Diethyl phthalate 

Diisodecyl phthalate 

Di (2-methoxyethyl) phthalate 

Dimethyl phthalate 

Dinonyl phthalate 

Dioctyl phthalates; 

Di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate 

Diiso-octyl phthalate 

Di-tridecyl phthalate 

Glycol phthalate esters 

n-Hexyl n-decyl phthalate 

n-Octyl n-decyl phthalate 

All other phthalic anhydride esters 

Trimellitic acid esters, total 

Triiso-octyl trimellitate 

Tri~n-octyl n-decyl trimellitate 

Trioctyl trimellitate --. 

All other trimellitic acid esters 

All other cyclic plasticizers^ ^ . 

PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Adipic acid esters, total 

Di [2- (2-butoxyethoxy) ethyl] adipate 1 

Di (2-ethylhexyl) adipate 

Diisodecyl adipate 

Diiso-octyl adipate 

n-Octyl n-decyl adipate 

All other 

Complex linear polyesters and polymeric plasticizers ''-■ 
Di( 2-ethylhexyl) azelate 

Epoxidized esters, total 

Epoxidized soya oils 

Octyl epoxytallates . 

All other 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
•pounds 



1,382,251 



1,108,927 
273,304 



11,088 
46,498 
9,180 

883,832 



13,264 
34,476 
4,412 
22,460 
136,708 

7,338 
2,451 

355,345 
83,023 
22,057 
3,970 
12,832 
54,516 

130,980 

7,545 



2,748 

2,302 

1,708 

787 

64,798 



359,290 



65,827 



1,700 
40,058 

5,509 

4,785 
10,716 

3,059 

54,090 
5,771 



73,518 
14,675 
16,046 



1,000 
pounds 

1,274,602 



1,025,984 
248,618 



10,540 
41,559 



10,281 
30,071 

18,620 

125,959 

2,560 

6,642 



339,880 
70,400 
21,641 
4,262 
12,547 
49,497 

129,014 

5,618 



1,921 
1,620 
1,032 
1,045 

67,893 



60,540 



1,761 
37,114 
4,882 

9,557 
7,226 

48,683 
4,899' 



67,139 
27,521 



1,000 
dollars 



186,909 
78,961 



2,897 
13,311 



1,582 
5,295 

3,519 

17,820 

656 

1,311 



45,158 
12,615 
4,814 
1,732 
2,226 
8,822 
21,616 

1,705 



560 
484 
310 
351 



772 
8,874 
1,194 

2,226 



18,503 
1,723 



17,250 
7,287 



PLASTICIZERS 
TABLE l.--Plasticizers: ' U.S. production and sales, 1969--Continued 



157 



PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Glyceryl monoricinoleate 

Isopropyl myristate 

Isopropyl palmitate -■ 

Oleic acid esters, total 

Butyl oleate 

Methyl oleate 

Propyl oleate 

All other 

Phosphoric acid esters 

Sebacic acid esters: 

Dibutyl sebacate 

Di C2-ethylhexyl) sebacate 

Stearic acid esters, total 

n- Butyl stearate 

All other 

Triethylene glycol di(caprylate-caprate) 

All other acyclic plasticizers^ 



1,000 
pounds 



250 
4,071 
1,173 

12,609 



2,142 

3,921 

905 

5,641 

18,935 

5,194 
5,168 

9,715 



5,013 
4,702 



2,140 
70,108 



Quantity 



1,000 
pounds 



243 
3,806 
1,108 



1,829 
3,431 



6,505 
14,902 



3,826 
4,656 



8,671 



4,137 
4.534 



1,987 
67,872 



1,000 
dollars 



102 

1,718 

416 

2,777 



393 
640 



1,744 
6,782 



2,316 
2,532 



992 
1,234 



716 
21,861 



Unit 
value ^ 



Per 
pound 



Does not include data for clearly defined extenders or secondary plasticizers. 
^ Calculated from rounded figures. 

Includes data for alkylated naphthalene, glycol dibenzoates, hydrogenated terphenyls, phosphate esters (including 
sales of triphenyl phosphate), toluenesulfonamides, tetrahydrofurfuryl oleate, and other cyclic plasticizers. 

Adipic acid polyesters account for most of the production of complex linear polyesters and polymeric plasticizers. 

Includes data for azelaic, citric and acetylcitric, lauric, myristic, palmitic, pelargonic, ricinoleic, sebacic, 
and tartaric acid esters, glyceryl and glycol esters, and other acyclic plasticizers. 

Note. --Production and sales statistics are included in this report for some items that are not used exclusively as 
plasticizers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2.--Plasticizers: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by- 
manufacturer, 1969 



[Plasticizers for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an asterisk (*); products not 
so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published. 
Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 3. An x signifies that the manufacturer did not 
consent to his identification with the designated product ] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC 

poumarone-indene plasticizers 

N-Cyclohexyl-p-toluenesulfonamide 

Dibenzyl sebacate 

Diethylene glycol dibenzoate 

Di-tert-octyldiphenyl oxide 

Dipropanediol dibenzoate 

N-Ethyl-p-toluenesulfonamide 

Is opropy 1 i denediphenoxypropano 1 

Naphthalene, alkylated 

Phosphoric acid esters: 

p-Chlorophenyldiphenyl phosphate 

*CresyI diphenyl phosphate 

Dibutyl phenyl phosphate 

Diphenyl octyl phosphate 

Methyl diphenyl phosphate 

*Tricresyl phosphate 

*Tripheny 1 phosphate 

All other phosphoric acid esters 

*Phthalic anhydride esters: 

Alkyl benzyl phthalates 

Bis (4-methyl-l,2-pentyl) ph thai ate 

Butyl benzyl phthalate 

Butyl cyclohexyl phthalate 

n-Butyl n-decyl phthalate 

*Butyl octyl phthalates: 

*Butyl 2-ethylhexyl phthalate 

*Butyl iso-octyl phthalate 

Butyl-n- octyl phthalate 

Di C2-butoxyethyl) phthalate 

*Dibutyl phthalate 

*Di cyclohexyl phthalate 

Diethyl isophthalate 

'Diethyl phthalate 

Dihexyl phthalate 

*Diisodecyl phthalate 

Diisononyl phthalate 

*Di (2-methoxyethyl) phthalate 

Dimethyl isophthalate 

*Dimethyl phthalate 

*Di nony 1 phthalate 

Dioctyl phthalates: 

Dicapryl phthalate 

Di (2-ethylhexyl) isophthalate 

*Di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate -- 

*Diiso-octyl phthalate 

Mixed dioctyl phthalates 

Diphenyl phthalate 

*Di-tridecyl phthalate 

Di-n-undecyl phthalate 

2- (Ethylhexyl)isodecyl phthalate 

*Glycol phthalate esters: 

Butyl phthalyl butyl glycolate 

Ethyl (and methyl) phthalyl ethyl glycolate- 

Glycol phthalate anhydride esters 

Polypropylene glycol bis(amyl) phthalate 

All other glycol phthalate esters 

*n-Hexyl n-decyl phthalate 



NEV. 




MON. 




WTH. 




VEL. 




DOW. 




VEL. 




MON. 




DOW. 




ACC. 




MON. 




FMP, 


MON, MTR, SFA, SM. 


MON, 


ORO. 


MON. 




FMP, 


MON. 


FMP, 


MON, MTR, SFA. 


EK, 


MON, SFA. 


SFA. 




MON. 




GRH. 




MON. 




ACP. 




PCC. 




GRH, 


MON, TEK, UCC. 


GRH. 




RCI, 


RUB. 


FMP. 




ACP, 


CGL, COM, DA, DUP, EKT, GRH, MON, PFZ, 


RCI, RUB, SW, UCC. 


ACP, 


DUP, FMP, MON, PFZ. 


PFZ. 




DUP, 


EKT, KF, MON, PFZ, TEK. 


ACP, 


CGL, ENJ, UCC. 


ACP, 


BFG, CPL, EKT, ENJ, GRH, MON, PCC, RCI, RUB, 


TEK, UCC. 


ENJ, 


PFZ. 


EKT, 


FMP, SFA. 


PFZ. 




EKT, 


KF, MON, TCC. 


ACP, 


CPL, RCI, TEK. 


WTH. 




UCC. 





ACP, BFG, CGL, CPL, EKT, ENJ, GRH, MON, PCC, PFZ, RCI, 

RUB, TEK, UCC. 
ACP, CGL, CPL, ENJ, GRH, MON, PCC, RCI, RUB, TEK, UCC. 
BFG, CPL, TEK. 
MON. 

ACP, CGL, CPL, ENJ, GRH, MON, PCC, RCI, RUB, TEK, UCC. 
CPL. 
CGL, UCC. 

MON. 

MON. 

UCC. 

UCC. 

FMP, HPC, IVTC. 

ACP, CPL, GRH, TEK, UCC. 



PLASTICIZERS 



159 



-Plasticizers: Items for which U. S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC- -Continued 

^hthalic anhydride esters--Continued 

Isodecyl tridecyl phthalate 

Iso-octyl isodecyl phthalate 

Iso-octyl tridecyl phthalate 

*n-Octyl n-decyl phthalate 

All other phthalic anhydride esters 

Polyethylene glycol dibenzoate 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl oleate 

Toluenesulfonamide, o-, p- mixtures 

*Trimellitic acid esters: 

Tri-n-alkyl trimellitate 

TrlC2-ethylhexyl)trimellitate 

Tri isodecyl trimellitate 

*Tri iso-octyl trimellitate 

*Tri-n-octyl n-decyl trimellitate 

*Trioctyl trimellitate 

All other trimellitic acid esters 

Trimethylpentanediol dibenzoate 

Trimethylpentanediol monoisobutyrate monobenzoate 

All other cyclic plasliicizers 

■PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC 

*Adipic acid esters: 

*Di[2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethyl] adipate 

*Di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate 

Di-n-hexyl adipate 

Diisobutyl adipate 

*Diisodecyl adipate 

*Di iso-octyl adipate 

Diisononyl adipate 

Diisopropyl adipate 

Di-n-octyl adipate 

Di-n-propyl adipate 

n-Hexyl n-decyl adipate 

Iso-octyl _n-decyl adipate 

*n-Octyl n-decyl adipate 

All other 

Azelaic acid esters: 

Dicyclohexyl azelate 

DiC2-ethylbutyl) azelate 

*Di C2-ethylhexyl) azelate 

Diisobutyl azelate 

Di iso-octyl azelate 

All other azelaic acid esters 

Bis [2- C2-butoxyethoxy)ethoxy] methane 

1,4-Butanediol dicaprylate 

Butoxyethyl pelargonate 

Castor oil maleate 

Citric and acetylcitric acid esters 

*Complex linear polyesters and polymeric plasticizers- 

Di(butoxyethoxy-ethoxy)me thane 

Dibutyl tartrate 

Diethylene glycol dipelargonate (Dinonanoate) 

Di iso-octyl diglycolate 

*Epoxidized esters: 

Butyl epoxydi oleate 

Butyl epoxystearates 

Butyl epoxy tall ate 

Epoxidized linseed oils 

*Epoxidized soya oils 

Epoxidized tall oils 

2-Ethylhexyl epoxytallates 

Octyl epoxystearates 

*Octyl epoxytallates 

All other expoxidized esters 

Glyceryl tri-acetate (Triacetin) 

Glyceryl tributyrate and tripropionate 

Glycol pelargonate 

Isodecyl nonamoate (Isodecyl pelargonate) 

Laurie acid esters 



TEK. 

ACP, CPL, PFZ, RUB. 

RUB. 

ACP, CPL, GRH, MON, PCC, RCI , RUB, TEK, UCC. 

MON. 

VEL. 

CCW, EMR. 

ACY, UK, MON. 

RUB. 

PFZ, RCI. 

PFZ. 

GRH, PCC, RCI, RUB. 

GRH, PFZ, RCI, TEK. 

GRH, PCC, RUB, TEK. 

CPL, ENJ, PCC, RUB, x. 

VEL. 

EKT. 

CCW, MON, NEV, WTC. 



FMP, RCI, TKL, IVTH. 

CGL, CPL, EKT, ENJ, GRH, MON, PCC, PFZ, RCI, RH, 

RUB, TEK, UCC. 
ARC. 

FMP, GRH, HAL. 
ACP, CGL, ENJ, GRH, MON, PCC, PFZ, RCI, RH, 

RUB, TEK, UCC. 
PCC, RCI, RH, RUB. 
ENJ. 

SBC, VND. 
ACP. 
ARC. 

GRH, PCC. 
BFG, GRH, PFZ. 

ACP, CPL, GRH, MON, PCC, RCI, RH, RUB, TEK, TKL. 
CPL. 



PFZ. 
EMR. 
EKT, 
HAL. 
EMR. 
EMR. 
CTN. 
RUB. 
HAL. 



RH. 

ICI, 

ASH, 

TKL. 

ARC. 

EMR. 

CCA, 

ASH. 
BAC. 
ASH, 
ASH, 
ASH, 
RCT, 
ASH, 
WTC. 
CPL, 
PCS, 
PFZ. 
EKT. 
FMR. 
EMR. 
HAL, 



EMR, PCS, PFZ, RCI, RUB, UCC. 



EKT, EMR, GLY, HAL, MON, PFZ, RCI, RH, RUB, TEK, WTH. 



TEK. 

SWT. 

BAC, CPL, RH, SWT, TEK, UCC, WTC. 

RH. 

BAC, SWT, UCC. 

RH, TEK, UCC, WTC. 
UCC. 



160 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2.--Plasticlzers: 



Items for which U. S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table Z) 



PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

Myristic acid esters: 
*Isopropyl myristate 

*01eic acid esters: 

2-Butoxyethyl oleate 

* Butyl oleate 

Decyl oleate 

Glyceryl trioleate (Triolein) 

Isobutyl oleate 

Isopropyl oleate 

Methoxyethyl oleate 

*Methyl oleate 

*Propyl oleate 

Trimethylpropane' oleate 

All other oleic acid esters 

Palmitic acid esters: 

Butyl palmitate 

Isobutyl palmitate 

Iso-octyl palmitate 

*Isopropyl palmitate 

2-Methoxyethyl palmitate 

'Phosphoric acid esters: 

Tri(2-butoxyethyl) phosphate 

Tributyl phosphate 

Tri (2-chloroethyl) phosphate 

Tri ethyl phosphate 

Trioctyl phosphate 

All other phosphoric acid esters 

Propylene glycol di(caprylate-caprate) 

Ricinoleic and acetylricinoleic acid esters: 

n- Butyl acetylricinoleate 

Butyl ricinoleate 

* Glyceryl monoricinoleate 

Glyceryl tri (acetylricinoleate) 

Methyl ricinoleate 

All other ricinoleic and acetylricinoleic acid esters- 
Sebacic acid esters: 

Dibutoxyethyl sebacate 

*Dibutyl sebacate 

*Di (2-ethylhexyl) sebacate 

Di iso-octyl sebacate 

*Stearic acid esters: 

Butoxyethyl stearate 

*n- Butyl stearate 

Dimethylammonium stearate 

Dodecyl (lauryl) stearate 

2-Ethylhexyl stearate 

Glyceryl triacetyl stearate 

Isobutyl stearate 

Isocetyl stearate 

Isopropyl stearate 

Methyl dichlorostearate 

Methyl pentachlorostearate 

Methyl stearate 

All other stearic acid esters 

Sucrose acetate isobutyrate 

Tetraethylene glycol di (2-ethylhexanoate) 

Triethylene glycol dicaprylate 

*Triethylene glycol di (caprylate-caprate) 

Triethylene glycol di-2-ethylbutyrate 

Triethylene glycol di (2-ethylhexanoate) 

Triethylene glycol dipelargonate 

2,2,4-Trimethyl-l ,3-pentanediol diisobutyrate 

All other acyclic plasticizers 



ARC, DRW, ICI, PCS, SBC, SCP. 



ARC, HAL. 








ARC, ICI, 


SWT 


WM, 


WTC, WTH. 


VND. 








DRW, EMR, 


,SWT 


WM, 


PCS. 


DA. 








EMR, WM. 








HAL. 








CHL, EMR, 


HUM 


ICI 


SWT. 


CHL, EMR, 


WM. 






RUB. 








RH. 








AAE. 








DA, EKT. 








RUB. 








ARC, DRW, 


PCS 


SBC 




EKT. 








FMP. 








FMP. 








SFA, UCC. 








EKT, 








UCC. 








SM. 








HAL. 








BAC. 








BAG, RCI. 








BAC, DA, 


GLY, 


HAL. 




BAC. 








BAC, DA. 








BAC. 








HAL, RCI. 








EKT, GRH, 


HAL, 


PFZ 


RCI, RH, WTH 


GRH, HAL, 


PFZ, 


RCI 


RH, WTH. 


DA, RCI. 









ARC, WM. 

AAE, ARC, CHL, DA, DRW, EMR, HAL, ICI, PCS, RUB, SCP, 
SWT, IVTH. 



RCI. 






FMP. 






BAC. 






ARC, DA. 






WM. 






ARC, WM. 






HK. 






HK. 






CHL. 






DA, HPC, 


WM. 




ARC, EKT 






UCC. 






RUB. 






DRW, HAL 


RUB, 


WM. 


UCC. 






EKT, UCC 






RUB. 






EKX. 






ARC, EMR 


HPC, 


PFZ, TKL, WM 



PLASTICIZERS 



161 



TABLE 3.--Plasticizers: Directory of manufacturers, 1969 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


AAE 


American Aniline § Extract Co., Inc. 


ICI 


ICI America, Inc. 




ACC 


Amoco Chemicals Corp. 








AGP 


Allied Chemical Corp., Plastics Div. 


KF 


Kay-Fries Chemicals, Inc. 




ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. 








ARC 


Armour 5 Co., Armour Industrial Chemical 
Co. Div. 


LAK 


Lakeway Chemicals, Inc. 




ASH 


Ashland Oil, Inc., Ashland Chemical Co. Div. 


MON 

MTR 


Monsanto Co . 

Chris-Craft Industries, Inc., Montrose 




BAG 


Baker Castor Oil Co. 




Chemical Div. 




BFG 


B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich Chemical 










Co. Div. 


NEV 


Neville Chemical Co. 




GGA 


Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc., Advance 
Div. 


ORO 


Chevron Chemical Co. 




GGW 


Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc. 


PCC 


USS Chemicals Div. of U.S. Steel Corp. 




GGL 


Cargill, Inc. 


PCS 


Emery Industries , Inc . 




CHL 


Chemol, Inc. 


PFZ 


Pfizer, Inc. 




COM 


Commercial Solvents Corp. 








CPL 


Conoco Plastics 


RCI 


Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 




CTN 


Chemetron Corp., Organic Chemical Div. 


RH 
RUB 


Rohm S Haas Co. 

Hooker Chemical Corp., Ruco Div. 




DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. 








DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. 


SBC 


Scher Brothers, Inc. 




DRW 


Drew Chemical Corp. 


SCP 


Standard Chemical Products, Inc. 




DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours § Co., Inc. 


SFA 
SM 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Specialty Chemical 
Mobil Chemical Co. 


Div. 


EK 


Eastman Kodak Co.; 


SM 


Mobil Oil Corp., Mobil Chemical Co. Div., 




EKT 


Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 




Industrial Chemical Div. 




EKX 


Texas Eastman Co. Div. 


SW 


Sherwin-Williams Co. 




EMR 


Emery Industries, Inc. 


SWT 


Swift § Co., Swift Chemical Co. Div. 




ENJ 


Enjay Chemical Co. 


TCC 


Tanatex Chemical Corp. 




FMP 


FMC Corp., Organic Chemicals Div. 


TEK 


Teknor Apex Co. 




FOR 


El Dorado Chemical Co. 


TKL 


Thiokol Chemical Corp. 




GLY 


Glyco Chemicals, Inc. 


UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 




GRH 


W. R. Grace S Co., Hatco Chemical Div. 


VEL 


Velsicol Chemical Corp. 




HAL 


C. P. Hall Co. of Illinois 


VND 


Van Dyk § Co. , Inc. 




HK 


Hooker Chemical Corp. 








HPC 


Hercules, Inc. 


m 


Wilson Pharmaceutical S Chemical Corp., 




HUM 


Kraftco Corp., Humko Plastics Div. 


WTC 
WTH 


Wilson-Martin Div. 
Witco Chemical Co., Inc. 
Pennwalt, Inc., Harchem Div. 





Note. — For complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies, refer to table 1 in the Appendix. 



I 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS I63 

The surface-active agents included in this report are organic chemi- 
cals that reduce the surface tension of water or other solvents and are 
used chiefly as detergents, dispersing agents, emulsifiers , foaming agents, 
or wetting agents in either aqueous or nonaqueous systems. Waxes and 
products used chiefly as plasticizers are excluded. Surface-active 
agents are produced from natural fats and oils; from silvichemicals such 
as lignin, rosin, and tall oil; and from chemical intermediates derived 
from coal tar and petroleum, A major part of the output of the bulk 
chemicals shown in this report is consumed in the form of packaged soaps 
and detergents for household and industrial use. The remainder is used 
in the processing of textiles and leather, in ore flotation and oil-dril- 
ling operations, and in the manufacture of agricultural sprays, cosmetics, 
elastomers, foods, lubricants, paints, pharmaceuticals, and many other 
products . 

Table 1 shows statistics for production and sales of surface-active 
agents grouped by ionic class and by chemical class and subclass; table 
2 lists these products and identifies the manufacturers. All quantities 
are reported in terms of 100-percent organic surface-active ingredient 
and thus exclude all inorganic salts, water, and other diluents. Sales 
statistics reflect sales of bulk surface-active agents only; sales of 
formulated products are excluded. 

Total U.S. production of surface-active agents in 1969 amounted to 
3,901 million pounds, or 4.3 percent more than the 3,739 million pounds 
reported for 1968 and 12.1 percent more than the 3,479 million pounds re- 
ported for 1967. Sales of bulk surface-active agents in 1969 amounted to 
1,988 million pounds, valued at $370 million, compared with sales in 1968 
of 1,998 million pounds, valued at $357 million, and sales in 1967 of 
1,750 million pounds, valued at $317 million. In terms of quantity, sales in 
1969 were thus 0.5 percent smaller than in 1968 and 13,6 percent larger 
than in 1967; in terms of value, sales in 1969 were 3.7 percent larger 
than in 1968 and 16.8 percent larger than in 1967. 

Production of anionic surface-active agents in 1969 amounted to 2,753 
million pounds, or 70,6 percent of the totai output reported for 1969 and 
1,6 percent more than the anionic output reported for 1968. Sales of 
anionics in 1969 amounted to 1,157 million pounds, valued at $172 million. 
Of the total anionic output, 937 million pounds consisted of potassium 
and sodium salts of fatty, rosin, and tall oil acids, of which 493 mil- 
lion pounds was the sodium salt of tallow acids and 111 million pounds 
was the sodium salt of coconut oil acids; 748 million pounds consisted of 
alkylbenzenesulfonates, of which 435 million pounds was sodium dodecyl- 
benzenesulfonate, 129 million pounds was dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, 
and 127 million pounds was sodium tridecylbenzenesulfonate; 426 million 
pounds consisted of ligninsulfonates , of which 286 million pounds was the 
calcium salt; and 235 million pounds consisted of sulfated ethers. 



l6k SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



Production o£ nonionic surface-active agents in 1969 amounted to 
971 million pounds, or 24.9 percent o£ the total output reported for 1969 
and 13.8 percent more than the nonionic output reported for 1968. Sales 
of nonionics in 1969 amounted to 682 million pounds, valued at $134 mil- 
lion. Of the total nonionic output, 270 million pounds consisted of 
alkylphenol ethoxylates and other benzenoid ethers, of which 138 million 
pounds was nonylphenol ethoxylate; 436 million pounds consisted of alcohol 
ethoxylates and other nonbenzenoid ethers, of which 347 million pounds was 
mixed linear alcohol ethoxylate; 87 million pounds consisted of glycerol 
esters; and 83 million pounds consisted of alkanolamides . 

Production of cationic surface-active agents in 1969 amounted to 169 
million pounds, or 4.3 percent of the total output reported for 1969 and 
1.1 percent more than the cationic output reported for 1968. Sales of 
cationics in 1969 amounted to 140 million pounds, valued at $58 million. 
Of the total cationic output, 56 million pounds consisted of quaternary 
ammonium salts not containing oxygen, and 20 million pounds consisted of 
primary monoamnjies not containing oxygen. 

Production of amphoteric surface-active agents in 1969 amounted to 
8.5 million pounds, or 0.2 percent of the total output reported for 1969 
and 1.6 percent more than the amphoteric output reported for 1968. Sales 
of amphoterics in 1969 amounted to 8.0 million pounds, valued at $5.2 
million. 

The difference between production and sales reflects inventory changes 
and captive consumption of soaps and surface-active agents by synthetic 
rubber producers, and by manufacturers of cosmetics, packaged detergents, 
bar soaps, and other formulated consumer products. In some instances the 
difference may also reflect quantities of surface-active agents used as 
chemical intermediates, e.g., nonionic alcohol and alkylphenol ethoxylates 
which may be converted to anionic surface-active agents by phosphation or 
sulfation. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



165 



TABLE 1. --Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1969 

[Listed below are all surface-active agents for which reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where- the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data 
were reported.) Table 2 lists all surface- active agents for which data on production or sales were reported and 
identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Sales^ 



Quantity 



Grand total 

Benzenoid 

Noribenzenoid^ 

Amphoteric Sierfaoe-Aative Agents 

Total 

Anionic Surface- Active Agents 

Total : 

Carboxylic acids (and salts thereof) , total 

Carboxyllc acids having amide, ester, or ether linkages, 

total 

N-Lauroylsarcosine, sodium salt 

All other* 

Potassium and sodium salts of fatty, rosin, and tall oil 
acids, total 

Castor oil acids, potassium and sodium salts, total 

Potassium salt 

Sodium salt 

Coconut oil acids, potassium and sodium salts, total 

Potassium salt 

Sodium salt 

Corn oil acids, potassium and sodium salts 

Mixed vegetable fatty acids, potassium salt 

Oleic acid, potassium salt 

Oleic acid, sodium salt 

Stearic acid, sodium salt 

Tall oil acids, potassium and sodium salts, total 

Potassium salt • 

Sodium salt ' 

Tallow acids, sodium salt 

All other ■ 

Phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esters (and salts thereof) 
total '■ 

Alcohols and phenols, ethoxylated and phosphated, total 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

All other 

Alcohols, phosphated or polyphosphated, total 

2-Ethylhexyl phosphate, sodium salt 

Octyl phosphates and polyphosphates 

All other 

Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof) , total 

Alkylbenzenesulfonates , total 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonates, total 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, calcium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, isopropanolamine salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, potassium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, triethanolamine salt 

All other 

Other alkylbenzenesulfonates, total 

Tridecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

All other 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



3,901.021 



1,000 



1,000 



1,141,438 
2,759,583 



8,486 



2,752,563 



21,395 
4,269 
17,126 

937,285 

128 

90 

38 

123,264 

12,206 

111,058 

746 

3,041 

4,267 

1,112 

2,985 

22,967 

12,954 

10,013 

492,609 

286,166 



24,864 



16,620 
1,538 
6,027 
9,055 
8,244 
282 
3,089 
4,873 



748,339 

590,334 

129,191 

14,234 

512 

23 

435,465 

4,077 

6,832 

158,005 

126,895 

31,110 



486,236 
1,501,879 



8,048 



99,985 
269,790 



5,156 



1,157,375 



171,820 



8,879 
8,879 



5,618 
5,618 



746 

779 
1,033 
1,001 
16,170 



17,524 



303 

208 

244 

378 

3,294 



8,500 



11,390 
1,117 
3,436 
6,837 
6,134 
141 
2,826 
3,167 

683,122 



5,080 

282 

■ 1,227 

3,571 

3,420 

61 

1,550 

1,809 

78,282 



179,816 

160,062 

38,751 

8,841 

10 
101,866 
4,894 
5,700 
19,754 
11,228 
8,526 



35,536 

30,032 

5,012 

3,044 



19,177 
1,200 
1,596 
5,504 
4,235 
1,269 



166 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 
TABLE 1. --Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 196 9- -Continued 



Anionic Surface-Active i4g'ents--Continued 

Sulfonic acids Cand salts thereof) — Continued 

Benzene-, cnmeTie- , toluene-, and xylenesulfonates , total 

Cumenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt: 

Xylenesultonic acid, ammonium salt 

Xylenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

All other 

Ligninsulfonates, total 

Ligninsulfonic acid, calcium salt 

Ligninsulfonic acid, chromium salt 

Ligninsulfonic acid, sodium salt 

All other 

Naphthal enesul f onates , total 

Butyl- and dibutylnaphthalenesulfonic acid and salt 

All other 

Sulfonic acids having amide linkages, total 

Sulfosuccinic acid derivatives 

Taurine derivatives, total 

N-Methyl-N-oleoyltaurine, sodium salt 

All other 

Sulfonic acids having ester or ether linkages, total 

Sulfosuccinic acid esters, total 

Sulfosuccinic acid, bis(2,6-dimethyl-4-heptyl) 

ester, sodium salt 

Sulfosuccinic acid, bisC2-ethylhexyl) ester, 

sodium salt 

All other 

Other sulfonic acids having ester or ether linkages 

All other sulfonic acids 

Sulfuric acid esters (and salts thereof), total 

Acids, amides, and esters, sulfated, total 

Coconut oil acids - ethanolamine condensate, sulfated, 

potassium salt 

Esters of sulfated oleic acid, total 

Butyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

Glycerol trioleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

Isopropyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

Propyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

All other 

Oleic acid, sulfated, disodium salt 

Tall oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

All other 

Alcohols, sulfated, total 

Coconut and sperm oil alkyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate salts, total 

Dodecyl sulfate, ammonium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, diethanolamine salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, magnesium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

All other 

Hexadecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Mixed linear alcohol sulfate, ammonium salt 

Mixed linear alcohol sulfate, sodium 'salt 

Octadecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

All other 

Ethers, sulfated, total 

Alkylphenols, ethoxylated and sulfated 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, ammonium salt-- 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, sodium salt 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and sulfated, ammonium 

salt 

All other 



See footnotes at end of table. 



Production^ 



1,000 
pounds 



63,308 

3,101 

8,275 

36j 344 

15,588 

425,520 

285,941 

14,576 

54,168 

70,835 

11,019 

1,930 

9,089 

6,477 

2,028 

4,449 

2,942 

1,507 

40,495 

11,021 

1,753 

6,298 
2,970 
29,474 
10,312 



42 

4,462 

1,720 

161 

499 

429 

1,653 

6,991 

1,391 



311 

49,202 

2,425 

436 
18,997 
10-,964 
16,380 

140 

1,699 



234,706 
3,811 
1,569 
3,008 

103,310 
123,008 



Quantity' 



1,000 
pounds 



54,354 

2,990 

9,977 

23,300 

18,087 

407,781 

269,025 

14,861 

53,270 

70,625 

8,994 

1,524 

7,470 

4,001 

1,755 

2,246 

1,756 

490 

22,315 

10,374 

1,795 

5,696 
2,883 
11,941 
5,861 

176,553 



42 
3,542 
1,132 

422 

420 

1,568 

6,301 

1,376 

1,249 

32,798 

301 

2,424 

2,661 

400 



90,510 



1,000 
dollars 



4,710 

284 

769 

1,947 

1,710 

16,286 

6,792 

1,245 

4,216 

4,033 

3,325 

523 

2,802 

2,541 

1,005 

1,536 

831 

70S 

14,123 

5,383 

694 

3,450 
1,239 
8,740 
1,761 

36,862 



1,085 
293 

128 
95 
569 
1,420 
265 
419 
14,260 
190 

1,186 

1,411 

230 



103 


62 


1.317 


382 


220 


109 


25,372 


10,690 


94,314 


12.129 


3,323 


1,085 


481 


260 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 
TABLE 1. --Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1969 — Continued 



167 



Production' 



Quantity' 



Anionic Surface-Active /43ents--Continued 

Sulfuric acid esters (and salts thereof) --Continued 

Natural fats and oils, sulfated, total 

Castor oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Coconut oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Cod oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Neat's-foot oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Peanut oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Soybean oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Sperm oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Tallow, sulfated, sodium salt 

All other 

Other anionic surface-active agents'' 

Cationic Surface-Active Agents 

Total 

Amine oxides and oxygen-containing amines (except those having 

amide linkages), total 

Acyclic, total 

N,N-Bis (2-hydroxyethyl) octadecylamine 

(Coconut oil alkyl)amine, ethoxylated 

(Tallow alkyl)amine, ethoxylated 

All other 

Cyclic (except imidazoline and oxazqline derivatives) 

Imidazoline and oxazoline derivatives, total 

l-(.2-Hydroxyethylj-2-nor(tall oil alkyl)-2-imidazoline 

All other 

Amines and amine oxides having amide linkages, total 

Carboxylic acid - diamine and polyamine condensates, total--- 

Stearic acid - diethylenetriamine condensate 

All other 

Oleic acid - ethyl enedi amine condensate, monoethoxylated 

Stearic acid - ethylenediamine condensate, monoethoxylated — 
Other amines and amine oxides having amide linkages 

Amines, not containing oxygen (and salts thereof), total 

Amine salts 

Diamines and polyamines, total 

N- (Coconut oil alkyl)trimethylenediamine 

Imidazoline derivatives 

N- (Tallow alkyl)trimethylenediamine 

All other 

Primary monoamines, total 

(Hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine 

9-Octadecenylamine 

Octadecylamine ■ 

(Tallow alkyl) amine 

All other 

Secondary and tertiary monoamines, total 

N,N-Dimethyl (coconut oil alkyl)amine 

N,N-Dimethyl (mixed alkyl) amine 

N,N-Dimethyloctadecylamine 

N-Methy Ibis (hydrogenated tallow alkyl) amine 

All other 

Oxygen-containing quaternary ammonium salts 

Quaternary ammonium salts, not containing oxygen, total 

Acyclic, total 

Bis (coconut oil alkyl) dimethylammonium chloride 

Bis (hydrogenated tallow alkyl)dimethylammonium chloride 

Hexadecyltrimethylammonium salts 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 



39,092 
7,399 
1,785 
2,058 
2,026 
123 
132 
8,106 

11,238 
6,225 

125,513 



40.189 



33,547 

142 

2,391 

1,035 

29,979 
3,063 
3,579 
1,237 
2,342 

15.297 



8,846 
403 
8,443 
3,537 
2,680 
234 

48,757 



...3,176 

12,336 

577 

2,907 

4,829 

4,023 

20,479 

1,935 

1,125 

623 

5,263 

11,533 

12,766 

2,236 

470 
2,107 
7,953 



55.634 



40,217 

1,494 

19,172 

620 

18,931 



1,000 
pounds 



36,931 
6,710 
1,621 
1,651 
1,728 
128 
132 
7^820 

11,007 
6,134 

248,010 



1,000 
dollars 



7,246 

2,045 

427 

207 

322 

96 

48 

1,445 

1,397 

1,259 



1,172 



3,181 

823 

2,358 



1,463 

319 

1,144 



8,644 
8,644 
2,291 

46,556 



2,763 
2,763 
1,256 

17,055 



3,895 

11,034 

609 

4,755 

5,670 

19,155 

1,975 

925 

4,947 
11,308 
12,472 
2,519 
125 
392 
1,843 
7.593 



50.802 



1,670 

3,438 

293 

1,218 

1,927 

6,593 

544 

357 

1,307 

4,385 

5,354 

1,027 

39 

257 

462 

3,569 



37,169 


13,016 


1,790 


981 


17,373 


4,486 


568 


514 


17,438 


7,035 



See footnotes at end of table. 



168 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 
TABLE 1. --Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1969--Continued 



Production 



Cationio Surface-Aotive 4jents--Continued 

Quaternary ammonium salts, not containing oxygen--Continued 

Benzenoid, total 

Benzyl (coconut oil alkyl)dimethylammonium chloride 

Benzyldimethyl (mixed a Ikyl) ammonium chloride 

Benzyldimethyloctadecylaramonium chloride 

Benzyl trimethylammonium chloride 

(3,4-Dichlorobenzyl)dodecyldimethylammonium chloride 

All other 

Groups listed above for which separate sales data may not be 
shown 

Nonionic Swcfaae-Active Agents 

Total 

Carboxylic acid amides, total 

Carboxylic acid - alkanolamine condensates, total 

Diethanclamine condensates (amine/acid ratio=2/l), total 

Capri c acid 

Coconut oil acids 

Coconut oil and tallow acids 

Laurie acid 

Oleic acid 

Stearic acid 

Tall oil acids 

All other 

Diethanolamine condensates (other amine/acid ratios), total 

Coconut oil acids (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Laurie acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Oleic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Palmitic and stearic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Stearic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l} 

All other 

Ethanolamine condensates, total 

Coconut oil acids (amine/acid ratio=2/l) 

Laurie acid (amine/acid ratio=2/l) 

All other 

Isopropanolamine condensates, total 

Laurie acid 

All other 

Groups listed above for which separate sales data may not 

be shown 

Other carboxylic acid amides 

parboxylic acid esters, total 

Anhydrosorbitol esters, total 

Anhydrosorbitol mono-olepte 

Anhydrosorb itol monostearate 

Anhydrosorbitol triolate 

Anhydrosorbitol tristearate 

All other 

Diethylene glycol esters, total 

Diethylene glycol monolaurate 

Diethylene glycol monostearate 

All other 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol esters, total 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monolaurate 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol mono-oleate 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monopalmitate 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monostearate 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol trioleate 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol tristearate ^ 

All other 

Ethylene glycol esters 



1,000 
pounds 



15,417 

430 

7,015 

1,369 

24 
6,579 



971.058 



1,000 



83,572 



83,191 

23,950 

181 

12,139 

3,182 

3,182 

1,099 

763 

490 

2,914 

41,081 

17,539 

19,014 

565 

45 

1,040 

2,878 

14,907 

999 

11 

13,897 

3,253 

147 

3,106 



20,345 
7,684 
3,220 



9,441 

2,292 

211 

636 

1,445 

19,885 

7,625 

4,437 

774 

968 

6,081 

3,397 



13,633 

427 

6,962 

1,252 

169 

21 

4,802 



27,689 



1,000 
dollars 



9,343 

334 

5,589 

1,122 

69 

19 



52,866 



15,154 



52,548 

18,878 

169 

11,566 



925 
572 

3,157 

16,658 

580 



14,324 
318 



144 ,869 
12,889" 
4,657 



471 

124 

7,637 

1,863 

208 

608 

1,047 

16,407 

3,920 

6,173 

362 

3,821 

1,129 
1,002 
3,307 



14,962 

5,260 

62 

3,366 



450 




275 




185 




922 




4,572 




199 




6 




373 




265 




4 




47 




4,236 




192 




44,532 




4,575-" 




1,670 





2,681 

655 

62 

206 

387 

6,755 

1,556 

2,554 

167 

1,645 

476 
357 
944 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 
TABLE 1.-- Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 196 9- -Continued 



169 



Production 



Quantity' 



Sonionio Supfaae-Aotive Agents — Continued 

Carboxylic acid esters--Continued 

Glycerol esters, total 

Complex glycerol esters 

Glycerol esters of chemically defined acids, toLal 

Glycerol monolaurate 

Glycerol mono-oleate 

Glycerol monostearate 

All other 

Glycerol esters of mixed acids, total ■ 

Glycerol monoester of hydrogenated cottonseed oil acids- 

Glycerol monoester of hydrogenated soybean oil acids 

All other 

Natural fats and oils, ethoxylated, total 

Castor oil, ethoxylated 

Lanolin, ethoxylated 

All other 

Polyethylene glycol esters, total 

Polyethylene glycol esters of chemically defined acids, 

total 

Polyethylene glycol dilaurate 

Polyethylene glycol dioleate 

Polyethylene glycol monolaurate 

Polyethylene glycol mono-oleate- 

Polyethylene glycol monostearate 

All other 

Polyethylene glycol esters of rosin and tall oil acids, 

total 

Polyethylene glycol monoester of tall oil acids 

Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of tall oil acids 

All other 

Polyethylene glycol esters of other mixed acids, total 

Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of coconut oil acids 

All other 

Poly glycerol esters : 

Propanediol esters, total 

1,2- Propanediol distearate- 

1,2-Propanediol monostearate 

All other 

Other carboxylic acid esters ° 

Ethers, total 

Benzenoid ethers, total 

Alkylphenol-formaldehyde condensates, alkoxylated 

Dodecylphenol, ethoxylated 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated 

All other 

Nonbenzenoid ethers, total 

Linear alcohols, alkoxylated, total 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Hexadecyl alcohol, ethoxylated '■ 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated 

9-Octadecenyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

All other 

Other ethers and thioethers, total 

Poly(ethylene and propylene) glycols 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

All other 

Other nonionic surface-active agents 



1,000 
pounds 



87,168 
3,738 

15,982 

62 

4,099 

8,968 

2,853 

67,448 
4,779 

12,680 

49,989 

6,064 

4,763 

807 

494 

25,450 

18,093 
1,556 
2,655 
2,770 
3,061 
6,143 
1,908 

6,355 

1,913 

3,479 

963 

1,002 

198 

804 

553 

5,793 

10 

1,497 

4,286 

8,715 

705.953 



269,515 
21,412 
18,537 

137,801 
91,765 

436,438 

385,395 

1,155 
346,916 

3,895 
33,429 
51,043 
33,984 

6,547 
10,512 

1,871 



1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


dollars 


76,076 


19,869 


3,114 


1,316 


13,815 


4,056 


64 


26 


2,993 


1,041 


7,965 


2,101 


2,793 


888 


59,147 


14,497 


13,553 


3,260 


45,594 


11,237 


4,460 


1,287 


3,732 


1,052 


289 


74 


439. 


161 


19,576 


6,832 


14,378 


5,536 


1,387 


486 


914 


333 


2,477 


89 3 


2,954 


1,273 


5,086 


1,934 


1,560 


617 



4,447 

2,724 

1,723 

751 

151 

600 

592 

2,891 

9 

1,404 

1,478 

6,808 

483.445 



1,008 

648 
360 
288 
54 
234 
295 
795 
4 
503 
288 
2,522 



206,120 

7,661 

123,806 

74,653 

277,325 

232,448 

1,881 

703 

216,790 

2,183 

10,891 

44,877 

27,811 

5,816 

11,250 

1,177 



34,571 

1,161 

17,783 

15,627 

39,137 

28,270 

922 

429 

22,988 

1,014 

2,917 

10,867 

6,819 

1,335 

2,713 

1,101 



' All quantities are given in terms of 100 percent organic surface- active ingredient. 

^ Sales include products sold as bulk surface-active agents only. 

^ Calculated from rounded figures. _ , . . 

'' The term "benzenoid," as used in this report, describes any surface- active agents, except lignin derivatives, 

whose molecular structure includes 1 or more 6-membered carbocyclic or heterocyclic rings with conjugated double 

bonds (e.g., the benzene ring or the pyridine ring). 

^ Includes ligninsulfonates. 

* Includes amine salts of fatty, rosin, and tall oil acids. 

' Includes production of "all other" sulfated acids, amides, and esters and of "all other" sulfated alcohols; also 

includes oales of "all other" potassium and sodium salts of fatty, rosin, and tall oil acids. 

° Includes ethoxylated sorbitol esters and miscellaneous esters. 



170 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. 



-Surface- active agents: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969 



[Surface-active agents for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an asterisk (*); 
products not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not 
be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 3. An x signifies that the 
manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Amphoteria Surface-Aative Agents 

Acyclic: 

Alkylbetaine 

(l-Carboxyheptadecyl)trimethylammoniuni hydroxide, inner 

salt. 
(CarboxymethylKcoconut oil alkyl)dimethylaiiunonium hy- 
droxide, inner salt. 
(Carboxymethyl) [3- (coconut oil amido)propyl]diraethyl- 

ammonium chloride, sodium salt. 
(Carboxymethyl) [3- (coconut oil amido) propyl] dimethyl - 

ammonium hydroxide, inner salt. 
(Carboxymethyl)dodecyldimethylammoniura hydroxide, inner 

salt. 
(l-Carboxyundecyl)trimethylammonium hydroxide, inner 

salt. 

N- (Coconut oil alkyl)-3-alanine, sodium salt 

N-(Coconut oil alkyl)-8-alanine, partial sodium salt 

3- [(Coconut oil-alkyl5amino]butyric acid, sodium salt 

N-(2-Coconut oil amidoethyli -N- (2-hydroxyethyl)glycine, 

sodium salt. 

N- (Dodecyl and tetradecyl)-6-alanine 

N-(Dodecyl and tetradecyl)-6-alanine, triethanolamine 

salt. 

N- Dodecyl- 3- iminodipropionic acid 

N-Dodecyl-3-iminodipropionic acid, disodium salt 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-N-(2-stearamidoethyl3 glycine, sodium 

salt. 
Mixed acyclic primary amines, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

sodium salt. 

(Mixed alkyl)sulfobetaine 

Mixed fatty betaines 

Oleic acid - ethylenedi amine condensate, propoxylated 

and sulfated, sodium salt. 
N- (Tallow alkyl)-3-iminodipropionic acid, disodium salt-' 

All other 

Cyclic: 

1 ,l-Bis(carboxymethyl)-2-undecyl-2-imidazolinium 

chloride, disodium salt. 
l,l-Bis(carboxymethyl]-2-undecyl-2-imidazolinium hydrox- 
ide, disodium salt. 
l-[2-(2-Carboxyethoxy)ethyl]-l-(2-hydroxy-3-sulfopropyl1 

2- (mixed alkyl)-2-imidaEolinium hydroxide, disodium 

salt. 
l-Carboxymethyl-2-heptadecyl-l-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-imid- 

azolinium hydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium salt. 
l-Carboxymethyl-l-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-nonyl-2-imidazolin- 

ium chloride, sodium salt. 
1-Carboxymethyl-l- (2-hydroxyethyl) -2-nonyl-2-imidazolin- 

ium hydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium salt. 
1-Carboxymethyl-l- (2-hydroxyethyl) -2-undecyl-2-imidazo- 

linium hydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium salt. 
Heptadecylmethylbenzimidazolinesulfonic acid, sodium 

salt. 
3- [2- (2-Undecyl-2-imidazolin-l-yl)ethoxy] -propionic 

acid, sodium salt. 



DUP. 
DUP. 

CUL. 

JRG. 

UVC. 

TCC. 

DUP. 

GNM. 
GNM. 
ARC. 
TCC. 

GNM. 
GNM. 

GNM. 
GNM. 
GAP. 



DUP, 


TXT. 


TXT. 




S. 




GNM. 




VAC, 


MYW. 


UVC, 




MIR, 


UVC. 


UVC. 




MIR, 


UVC. 


PCS, 


UVC. 


MIR, 


UVC. 


MIR, 


PCS, UVC 


CIB. 




UVC. 





SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



171 



TABLE 2, --Surface-active agents: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Anionic Surface Active Agents 

*Carboxylic acids [and salts thereof) : 

Amine salts of fatty, rosin, and tall oil acids: 

Coconut oil acids, diethanolamine salt 

Coconut oil acids, ethanolamine salt 

Oleic acid, n-butylamine salt ■ 

Stearic acid, N,N,N' ,N'-tetrakis (2-hydroxyethyl)ethyl- 
enediamine salt. 

Stearic acid, triethanolamine salt 

Tallow acids, ethanolamine salt 

Tallow acids, triethanolamine salt 

*Carboxylic acids having amide, ester, or ether linkages: 

Butoxyethoxypropionic acid 

N-CCoconut oil acyl)sarcosine, sodium salt 

Diisobutylene - maleic anhydride copolymer, ammonium 
and sodium salts. 

*N-Lauroylsarcosine, sodium salt 

N-(Mixed alkylsulfonyl)glycine, sodium salt 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and carboxyalkyl- 
ated, sodium salt. 

N-Oleoylpolypeptide, sodium salt 

N-Oleoylsarcosine, sodium salt 

Phthalic acid, octadecyl ester, potassium salt 

Stearoyl-2-lactylic acid ■ 

Stearoyl-2-lactylic acid, calcium salt 

TridecyloxypolyCethyleneoxy) acetic acid, sodium salt-- 

Unspecified sarcosine derivatives 

All other 

♦Potassium and sodium salts of fatty, rosin, and tall oil 
acids : 
*Castor oil acids, potassium and sodium salts: 

*Potassium salt 

*Spdium salt 

*Coconut oil acids, potassium and sodium salts: 

*Potassium salt 

*Sodium salt 

Coconut oil and tallow acids, sodium salt 

*Com oil acids, potassium and sodium salts: 

Potassium salt 

Sodium salt 

Grease, sodium salt 

Laurie acid, potassium salt 

*Mixed vegetable fatty acids, potassium salt 

Mixed vegetable fatty acids, sodium salt 

Myristic acid, potassium salt 

*01eic acid, potassium salt 

*01eic acid, sodium salt 

Olive oil acids sodium salt 

Palm kernel oil acids, sodium salt 

Palm oil acids, sodium salt 

Peanut oil acids, potassium salt 

Peanut oil acids, sodium salt 

Rosin acids, potassium salt 

Rosin acids, sodium salt 

Soybean oil acids, potassium salt 

Soybean oil acids, sodium salt 

Stearic acid, potassium salt 

♦Stearic acid, sodium salt 

*Tall oil acids, potassium and sodium salts: 

♦Potassium salt 

♦Sodium salt 



SEY. 
SEP. 
DYS, 
ICI. 

AML, GLY, HAL. 

SEP. 

SEP. 

UVC. 
HMP. 
RH. 

CP, GGY, HMP, ONX. 

GAP. 

SEY. 

LMI, MYW. 

GAF, GGY. 

CIB. 

GLY. 

GLY. 

UVC. 

HMP. 

MYW 



ARL, EAC, PEK, SEA. 
EAC, HEW, MRV, SNW. 

ACE, AES, DA, DSC, DYS, GAF, GRC, GRL, HEW, HNT, HRT, 
JRG, LUR, MCP, NMC, PCH, PEK, PC, SOP, SWT. 

AGP, CON, CP, GRC, HEW, JRG, LEV, NMC, NPR, PG, PRX, 
SWT. 

BSW. 

GRC, HNT. 

GRC, NMC. 

NMC. 

DRW. 

AES, DYS, GRC, GRL, LUR, MCP, NMC, PCH, PEK, SWT. 

SWT. 

AES. 

AES, ARL, CCL, CHP, CIB, DA, DAN, DYS, GAF, GYR, HNT, 

QCP, S, SHP, SIVT, USR, WEG . 
BSW, DA, GYR, LEV, LUR, MRV, NMC, SEA, SWT, WEG, WTC. 
HEW, HNT, LUR. 
HEW, NMC. 
HEW, LUR, PRX. 
KAL, SLC. 
NMC. 

ASY, USR, X. 

ASY, CRT, HRT, MRA, PLC, PRX, QCP, SLM, x. 
CON, HEW, PEK. 
HEW. 

GYR, HEW, WTC. 
DA, GYR, HEW, LEV, MAL, SNW, WTC. 

ACE, AES, CON, DRW, DYS, GAF, GRC, HNT, NMC, PEK, PNX, 

QCP, SOP, VAL, X. 
GRC, GYR, MRV, PRX, SNW, SOP, UNP, X. 



172 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2,— Surface-active agents: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969— Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3] 



Anionic Sup face -Active Agents — Continued 

*Carboxylic acids (and salts thereof] — Continued 

'Potassium and sodium salts of fatty, rosin, and tall oil 
acids --Continued 

Tallow acids, potassium salt 

*Tallow acids, sodium salt 

♦Phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esters (and salts 
thereof) : 
♦Alcohols and phenols, ethoxylated and phosphated: 

Butyl alcohol ethoxylated and phosphated 

p-tert-Butylphenol , ethoxylated and phosphated 

Dinonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Dodecylphenol , ethoxylated and phosphated 

2-Ethylhexanol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Iso-pentyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

*Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and phosphated 

*Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated, barium salt-- 

9-Octadecenyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

9-Octadecenyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated, 
ethanolamine salt. 

Octadecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Octylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Octylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated, magnesium 
salt. 

Phenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Polyhydric alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

All other r-^ 

•Alcohols, phosphated or polyphosphated: 

Decyl, dodecyl, and octyl phosphate, morpholine salt-— 

Decyl and octyl phosphate 

Decyl polyphosphate, sodium salt 

Decyl polyphosphate, triethanolamine salt 

2-Ethylhexyl phosphate 

*2-Ethylhexyl phosphate, sodium salt 

2-Ethylhexyl polyphosphate 

2-Ethylhexyl polyphosphate, sodium salt 

Hexyl polyphosphate, potassium salt 

Mixed alkyl phosphate 

Mixed alkyl phosphate, diethanolamine salt 

9-Octadecenyl phosphate 

Octadecyl phosphate, triethanolamine salt 

*Octyl phosphates and polyphosphates : 

Octyl phosphate 

Octyl phosphate, alkylamine salt 

Octyl phosphate, potassium salt 

Octyl polyphosphate 

Octyl polyphosphate, potassium salt 

All other .-- 

♦Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof) : 
♦Alkylbenzenesulf onates : 
•Dodecylbenzenesulf onates : 

♦Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, aluminum salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, butylamine salt 

♦Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, calcium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, diethanolamine salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, dimethylamine salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, ethylenedi amine salt 

♦Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, isopropanolamine salt-- 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, isopropylamine salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, (mixed alkyl)amine 
salt. 

♦Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, potassium salt 

♦Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt ' 



ASY. PG, SWT, USR. 

AGP, ASY, BSW, CON, CP, DA, DYS, GRC, HEW, JRG, LEV, LUR, 
NMC, NPR, PG, PLC, PRX, QCP, SWT. 



GAP. 
RTF. 
GAP, 
GAP, 
GAP. 
WAY. 
GAP. 
CHP, 
DEX, 
TXN. 
GAP. 
GAP. 

GAP. 



TCH. 
WIC, WTC. 



CRT, CST, GAP, SEY, TCH, TCI, WAY, WTC, WYN. 
GAP, HDG, NLC, RTP, SCP, TCC, TXT, VAC, WAY, WTC. 



GAP, 


WTC. 






NLC. 








GAP, 


LUR, 


TCC, 


WAY, WTC 


SOP, 


WTC. 






DUP. 








TXN. 








IVTC. 








RCD. 








WAY. 








SEY, 


TCI, 


UCC. 




SPA, 


TCC, 


TCI, 


UVC. 


SPA. 








DEX. 








CST, 


DUP, 


SPA, 


TCC. 


DUP. 








DUP. 








RCD. 








TXT. 








DUP, 


TXT. 






DUP. 








DEX. 








X. 

NLC, 


SPA. 







ACS, ARD, ATR, CO, CRT, CTL, EMK, HLI , LAK, LEV, PIL, 

PLX, PRX, RCD, RTP, STP, TCI, TDC, TEN, TXT. 
KCH. 

AKS, ARL, TXN. 

SOP, WTC. 

APD, NLC, RCD, RH, RTP, STP, WTC. 

RTF, SOP, VAL, WTC. 
PIL. 
APD. 

CTL, RCD, X. 

APD, CTL, RCD, RTP, SNW, STP. 

PCS, VAL. 

RCD, SOP, VAL. 

AAC, ACS, AKS, APX, ARD, ARL, ATR, BLA, CO, CP, CRT, 
CTL, DA, DEP, DSO, HLI, HRT, LEV, MON, PG, PIL, 
PLX, PRX, RCD, RTF, STP, TEN, UNP, VAC, WTC. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



173 



TABLE 2.— Surface-active agents: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Anionic Surface-Active Agents — Continued 

*Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof) — Continued 
*Alkylbenzenesulfonates— Continued 
*Dodecylbenzenesulfonates — Continued 

*Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, triethanolamine salt-- 

*Other alkylbenzenesulfonates ; 

Decylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Didodecylbenzenesulfonic acid 

Pentadecylbenzenesulfonic acid, potassium salt 

Pentylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Tridecylbenzenesulfonic acid 

*Tridecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Tridecylbenzenesulfonic acid, triethanolamine salt- 

Undecylbenzenesulfonic acid 

Undecylbenzenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

Undecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Undecylbenzenesulfonic acid, triethanolamine salt — 

All other 

*Benzene-, cumene-, toluene-, and xylenesulfonates : 

Benzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

*Cumenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

Toluenesulfonic acid 

Toluenesulfonic acid, potassium salt ' 

Toluenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Toluene and xylenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Xylenesulfonic acid 

*Xylenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

Xylenesulfonic acid, potassium salt 

*Xylenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

*Li gninsulfonates : 

Ligninsulfonic acid, aluminum salt 

Ligninsulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

*Ligninsulfonic acid, calcium salt 

*Ligninsulfonic acid, chromium salt 

Ligninsulfonic acid, iron salt 

Ligninsulfonic acid, magnesium salt 

Ligninsulfonic acid, mixed salts 

*Ligninsulfonic acid, sodium salt 

*Naphthalenesulfonates : 

*Butyl- and dibutylnaphthalenesulfonic acid and 
salt: 

Butylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Dibutylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

DidodecylnaphthileneBUlfonic acid, sodium salt 

Diisopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

Diisopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Dipentylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, Cmixed alkyljamine 
salt. 

Dipentylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt -. 

Isopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

Isopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

Methylenebis C2-naphthalenesulfonic acid) 

Methylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Methylnonylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Tetrahydronaphthalenesulfonic acid 

*Sulfonic acids having amide linkages : 
*Sulfosuccinic acid derivatives : 

N-(l,2-Dicarboxyethyl)-N-octadecylsulfosuccinamic 

acid, tetrasodium salt. 
N-(2-Hydroxyothyl)-N-Ctallow alkyl)sulfosuccinamic 
acid, disodium salt. 

N-Octadecylsulfosuccinamic acid, disodium salt 

Sulfosuccinic acid, alkanolamide half ester, sodium 
. salt. 

Sulfosuccinic acid, alkanolamide half ester, tri- 
ethanolamine salt. 
Sulfosuccinic acid, alkanolamide ester, sodium salt- 
Sulfosuccinic acid, 2- (coconut oil amido)ethyl 
ester, disodium salt. 



AAC, ACS, ARD, ARL, ATR, CTL, DSO, HLI, PEK, PIL, RCD, 
SOS, STP, TXN, VAC, WTC, x. 



MON. 

CO. 

STP. 

MON. 

CO, 

BLA, 

CUL, 

TXT. 

TXT. 

TXT. 

TXT. 

RTF, 



PIL, RCD. 
CO, CP, NPR, PG, PIL, RCD, TXT, WTC. 
PCS. 



USR. 



NES. 

NES, STP, WTC. 

NES, RCD, WTC. 

NES, RCD, STP, TXN. 

CO, NES, STP, WTC. 

CO. 

HLI. 

ATR, CO, HLI, NES, RCD, STP, TXN, WTC. 

NES, STP. 

ATR, CO, HLI, JRG, NES, PIL, RCD, SDC, STP, TXN, WTC. 



MAR. 








CPP 


CRZ, 


WVA. 




CRZ, 


CWP, 


GLY, LKY, 


LPC, MAR, PSP. 


DCP, 


MAR, 


RAY. 




CRZ, 


WVA. 






LPC, 


WVA. 






PSP, 


WVA. 






CRZ, 


MAR, 


PSP, RAY, 


WVA. 


CLD, 


CMG, 


DA, PFZ. 




GAP, 


S. 






PFZ. 








DUP. 








GAP, 


PFZ. 






NLC. 








GGY. 








DUP, 


GRD, 


ONX. 




NLC. 








DUP. 








DA, 


UDI. 






UDI. 








DUP. 








ACY, 


CTN, 


MOA. 




SCP. 
ACY, 


CTN. 






SCP. 









HDG. 
LAK. 



174 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. --Surface-active agents: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manvtfacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Anionic Surface-Active Agents — Continued 

'Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof) --Continued 
♦Sulfonic acids having amide linkages --Continued 
♦Taurine derivatives : 

N-(Coconut oil acyl^-N-methyltaurine, sodium salt 

N-Cyclohexyl-N-palmitoyltaurine, sodium salt 

*N-Methyl-N-oleoyltaurine, sodium salt 

N-Methyl-N-palmitoyltaurine, sodium salt 

N-Methyl-N-(tall oil acyl)taurine, sodium salt 

N-Methyl-N- (tallow acyl)taurine, sodium salt 

All other 

♦Sulfonic acids having ester or ether linkages: 
*Sulfosuccinic acid esters: 

*Sulfosuccinic acid, bis(2,6-dimethyl-4-heptyl) ester, 

sodium salt. 
*Sulfosuccinic acid, bis(2-ethylhexyl) ester, sodium 
salt. 
Sulfosuccinic acid, bis (tallow monoglyceride) ester, 
sodium salt. 

Sulfosuccinic acid, dihexyl ester, sodium salt 

Sulfosuccinic acid, diisobutyl ester, sodium salt 

Sulfosuccinic acid, diisodecyl ester, sodium salt 

Sulfosuccinic acid, diisooctyl ester, sodium salt 

Sulfosuccinic acid, dipentyl ester, sodium salt 

Sulfosuccinic acid, ditridecyl ester, sodium salt 

*Other sulfonic acids having ester or ether linkages: 

Coconut oil acids, 2-sulfoethyl ester, sodium salt 

Dodecyldiphenyloxidedisulfonic acid, disodium salt 

Dodecyl sulfoacetate 

Iso-octylphenol, ethoxylated and sulfonated, sodium 
salt. 

2-Lauroyloxy-l-propanesulfonic acid 

Sulfopropane-l,2,3-tricarboxylic acid tris (2-ethylbutyl 
ester, sodium salt. 

All other 

*A11 other sulfonic acids: 

Butylhydroxybiphenylsulfonic acid 

Mixed alkanesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Mixed fish oils, sulfonated 

Mixed linear alpha olefins, sulfonated 

Petroleumsulfonic acid, water soluble (acid layer), 
sodium salt. 

Sperm oil, sulfonated 

All other 

♦Sulfuric acid esters (and salts thereof) : 
*Acids, amides, and esters, sulfated: 

*Coconut oil acids - ethanolamine condensate, sulfated, 
potassium salt. 
Glycerol monoester of coconut oil acids, sulfated, 
sodium salt. 

9-Octadecenyl acetate, sulfated, sodium salt 

*01eic acid esters, sulfated: 

2-Butoxyethyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

*Butyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

Ethyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

♦Glycerol trioleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

*Isopropyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

Methyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

Mixed esters of oleic acid, sulfated, sodium salt 

♦Propyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

♦Oleic acid, sulfated, disodium salt 

Oleostearin, sulfated, sodium salt 

Propyl ricinoleate, sulfated, disodium salt 

Ricinoleic acid, sulfated, disodium salt 

♦Tall oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

All other 



GAF, LIL, TNI. 

GAF. 

CRT, DA, DEP, DRW, GAF, HRT, MCP, MRA, SNW. 

GAF. 

GAF, WTC. 

GAF. 

GAF. 



GAF, MOA, PC. 

ACY, AKS, CHP, CRT, CST, DA, DAN, EMK, GGY, HDG, 

HRT, ICI, MCP, MOA, SBC, TCI, UVC. 
ACY. 



ACY, 


MOA 


MOA. 




MCP. 




RH. 




ACY. 




ACY, 


MOA 


GAF, 


LEV 


DOW. 




ACS. 




CRT, 


RH. 


SDH. 




WTC. 





PG, WTC. 



RBC 


















DUP 


VPC. 
















SLM 


















CP. 


















WTC 


















SLM 


















STC 


















DEX 


EMK, 


ONX 














AAC 


CP. 
















DUP 


















S. 


















AKS, 


EFH, 


ICI, 


MCP 


ONX 


PC. 








GAF. 


















LEA, 


MRV, 


SCP. 














CRT, 


DEX, 


HRT, 


ICl 


LEA 


LUR 


SCP. 






DA, 


ICI. 
















EFH. 


















ACY, 


CHP, 


GAF, 


MCP 


MRV 


WTC 








ACT, 


ACY, 


CRT, 


DA, 


DRW, 


EFH, 


GAF, ICI, 


LEA, 


MRV 


SCO, TEN, WHW. 












SEA. 


















AKS. 


















DA. 


















ACY, 


APX, 


BAO, 


CHP 


DA, 


HRT, 


ICI, KAL, 


MRV, 


RTF 


SEA, WHI, WHW. 












EMR. 



















SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



175 



TABLE 2. 



-Surface-active agents: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported 
identified by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Anionic Surfaae-Aative Agents — Continued 

'Sulfuric acid esters [and salts thereof) --Continued 
•Alcohols, sulfated: 

*Coconut and sperm oil alkyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Decyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Decyl sulfate, triethanol amine salt 

3,9-Diethyl-6-tridecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

2-Ethylhexyl sulfate, sodium salt 

7-Ethyl-2-methyl-4-undecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

*Dodecyl sulfate salts : 

2-Amino-2-methylpropanol salt 

•Ammonium salt 

*Diethanolamine salt 

N,N-Diethylcyclohexylamine salt 

Isopropanolamine salt 

•Magnesium salt 

Potassium salt 

•Sodium salt 

•Triethanol amine salt ' 

Hexadecyl and 9-octadecenyl sulfate, sodium salt 

•Hexadecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Hexyl sulfate, potassium salt 

Hexyl sulfate, sodium salt ' 

•Mixed linear alcohol sulfate, ammonium salt 

•Mixed linear alcohol sulfate, sodium salt 

Mixed linear alcohol sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

Nonyl sulfate, sodium salt : 

•Octadecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Octadecyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

Octyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Tridecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

•Ethers, sulfated: 

•Alkylphenols, ethoxylated and sulfated: 

Dodecylphenol, ethoxylated and sulfated, ammonium 

salt. 
Iso-octylphenol, ethoxylated and sulfated, sodium 

salt. 
(Mixed alkyl)phenol, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

ammonium salt. 
Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and sulfated, ammonium salt 
Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and sulfated, sodium salt--' 
Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and sulfated, triethanol- 
amine salt. 
•Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, ammonium 

salt. 
•Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, sodium salt- 
Dodecyl and tetradecyl alcohols, ethoxylated and 
sulfated, ammonium salt. 

2-Hexyloxypropyl sulfate, sodium salt 

•Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and sulfated, 
ammonium salt. 
Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

potassium salt. 
Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

sodium salt. 
Sperm oil alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, sodium 

salt. 
Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, sodium 
salt. 

All other 

•Natural fats and oils, sulfated: 

•Castor oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

•Coconut oil, sulfated, sodium salt 



DEP 


DUP, 


PCS. 










CTL 


DUP 












DUP 














UCC 














AAC 


PCS 


SCP, 


UCC. 








UCC 














DUP. 














AAC 


CTL 


CUL, 


HLI, ONX, PCS, 


RCD, 


SCP 


STP. 


AAP, 


CUL 


DUP, 


HLI, JRG, ONX, 


SCP, 


STP 




DUP. 














JRG 


PCS 












AAC, 


CUL 


HLI, 


ONX, STP. 








HLI, 


PC, 


RCD. 










AAC, 


CTL 


CUL, 


DUP, HLI, JRG, 


ONX, 


PCS 


PG, RCD, 


SCP, STP. 










AAC, 


CTL, 


CUL, 


DUP, HLI, ONX, 


PCS, 


PG, 


RCD, SCP, STP 


TXT. 












AAC, 


RCD. 












AAC, 


DUP, 


SCP. 










DEX. 














GAP. 














CP, 


LAK, 


S, SCP, TXT. 








CO, 


CP, LAK, RTF, SCP, TXT. 








LAK. 














TEN. 














DUP, 


EMK, 


ONX, 


PG. 








DUP. 














AAC, 


DUP. 












AAC. 














GAP. 














RH. 














GAP. 














CIB, 


GAP, 


PIL, 


STP, TXT, X. 








CRT, 


GAP. 












ARL. 















AAC, CTL, HLI, ONX, TXT. 

AAC, CTL, CUL, DUP, GAP, ONX, PCS, RCD, SCP, STP. 
LEV, TXN. 



CO, LAK, NLC, PG, RCD, SCP, SHC, STP, TXT, UCC. 

SHC, STP. 

CO, CRT, DA, GAP, LAK, PIL, RCD, SCP, SHC, STP, 

TCI, TXT, UCC. 
DUP. 

AAC, ARL, RCD. 

APX, PG. 

ACT, ACY, AKS, AML, APX, BAO, BSW, CRT, DA, DEX, 
DRW, EFH, GAP, HRT, ICI , KAL, KNG, LEA, LUR, MCP, 
MRA, MRD, MRV, ONX, PC, S, SCO, SEA, SLC, SLM, 
SNW, WHI, WHW. 

ACY, BAO, DA, KNG, LUR, MRD, SEA, WHW. 



176 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2.--Surfe.ce-active agents: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 35 



Anionic Surfaoe-Active Agents — Continued 

*Sulfuric acid esters Cand salts thereof) — Continued 
♦Natural fats and oils, sulfated--Continued 

*Cod oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Grease, other than wool, sulfated, sodium salt 

Herring oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Lard, sulfated, sodium salt 

Mixed animal and vegetable oils, sulfated, sodium salt-- 

Mixed fish oils, sulfated, sodium salt 

Mustard seed oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

*Neat's-foot oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

*Peanut oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Ricebran oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

♦Soybean oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

♦Sperm oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

♦Tallow, sulfated, sodium salt 

Whale oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Other anionic surface- active agents: 

Lignin (non-sulfonated) and salts thereof 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and carbonated, 
sodium salt. 

Toluenesulfinic acid, triethanolamine salt 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and carbonated, sodium salt 

Cationia-Surfaoe-Aotive Agents 

♦Amine oxides and oxygen-containing amines (except those 
having amide linkages) : 
♦Acyclic: 

N,N-Bis (2-hydroxyethyl) (coconut oil alkyl)amine oxide-- 
N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)dodecylamine 

♦N,N-Bis (2-hydroxyethyl)octadecylamine 

N,N-Bis (2 -hydroxyethyl)octadecy lamina oxide 

N,N-Bis (2-hydroxyethyl) (tallow alkyl)amine 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl) (tallow alkyl)amine acetate 

N,N-Bis (2-hydroxyethyl) (tallow alkyl)amine oxide 

♦(Coconut oil alkyl)amine, ethoxylated 

(Coconut oil alkyl)amine, ethoxylated, acetate 

(Coconut oil alkyl)amine, ethoxylated, maleate 

N,N-Dimethyl (coconut oil alkyl)amine oxide 

N,N-Diraethylhexadecyl amine oxide 

N,N-Dimethyl (hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine oxide 

N,N -Dime thy loctadecyl amine oxide 

(Hydrogenated tallow alkyl) amine, ethoxylated 

N- (2-Hydroxyethyl) -N ,N ' ,N' -tris (2-hydroxypropyl)ethy 1- 
enediamine . 

(Mixed alkyl)amine, ethoxylated 

(Mixed alky l)poly(oxyethylene) amine 

Mixed substituted oximes 

(9-Octadecenyl) amine, ethoxylated 

Octadecyl amine, ethoxylated 

Polyethylenepolyamine, alkoxylated 

(Soybean oil alkyl)araine, ethoxylated 

♦(Tallow alkyl)amine, ethoxylated 

(Tallow alkyl)amine, ethoxylated, sulfate 

N-(Tallow alkyl) trimethylenediamine , ethoxylated 

N,N,N' ,N' -Tetrakis (2-hydroxyethyl)ethylenediamine 

N,N,N' ,N'-Tetrakis (2-hydroxypropyl)ethylenediamine, 

propoxylated and ethoxylated. 
All other 



ACT, BAO, CRT, DRW, HRT, MRD, S, SEA, WAW, WHI , WHW. 

SEA, WHI. 

ACT, DA. 

SLM, WAW. 

SLM. 

ACT, AML, BAO, SCO, SLM, WHI. 

DA, LUR. 

ACT, BAO, CRT, DA, KAL, LEA, LUR, MRD, PC, SEA, SLM, 

imi, WHW. 
ACY, DA, ICI, LEA, LUR, SLC. 
EFH, LUR. 

CRT, DRW, HRT, KAL, LEA, MRD, ONX. 
ACT, BAO, CLD, CRT, DA, DRW, HRT, KAL, KNG, LEA, 

MRD, ONX, RTC, SEA, SLM, Iffll , WHW. 
ACT, ACY, BAO, BSW, DA, ICI, KAL, LUR, MCP, MRA, 

MRD, ONX, PC, PCI, SCP, SEY, SID, SOS, WHI. 
KNG. 



WVA. 



ARC. 

CTL, 

ARC, 

ARC. 

ARC. 

PC. 

ARC. 

AAC, 

RPC. 

SDH. 

ARC. 

ARC, 

ARC. 

ARC. 

CIB. 

NLC. 

APD, 
GAP. 
GNM. 
ARC, 
ARC, 
NLC. 
AAC, 
AAC, 
DUP. 
ARC. 
NLC. 
WYN. 



FIN. 
FIN, TCH. 



ARC, CUL, NLC, SDH, SWW, TCH, VAC. 



CIB, DA, GAP, RH. 



TCH. 
ICI. 



ARC, VAC. 

ARC, CIB, DUP, TCH. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



177 



TABLE 2. — Surface- active agents: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Cationio Surfaoe-Aative Agents — Continued 

*Amine oxides and oxygen-containing amines (except those 
having amide linkages] — Continued 
*Cyclic (except imidazoline and oxazoline derivatives) : 

N-Hexadecylmorpholine 

N- (2-Hydroxyethyl)-l ,2-diphenylethylenedi amine 

Lignin amine 

Rosin amine, ethoxylated 

N- (soybean oil alkyl^morpholine 

*Imidazoline and oxazoline derivatives: 

2-(8-Heptadecenyl)-4,4-bis (hydroxymethyl}-2-oxazoline 

2- (8-Heptadecenyl)-l- (2-hydroxyethyl] -2-imidazoline 

2-(8-Heptadecenyl)-4-hydroxymethyl-4'methyl-2-oxazoline — 

2- (Heptadecyl-l-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-imadazoline 

1- (2 -Hydroxyethyl)-2-nonyl -2 -imidazoline 

l-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(coconut oil alkyl) -2-imidazo- 
line. 

*l-(2-Hydroxyethyl]-2-nor(tall oil alkyl) -2-imidazoline 

l-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-tridecyl-2-imidazoline hydrochlo- 
ride. 

l-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-undecyl-2-imidazoline 

2-(ll-Hydroxy-8-heptadecenyl)-2-imidaroline 



* Amines and amine oxides having amide linkages : 

*Carboxylic acid - diamine and polyaraine condensates: 
Adipic and stearic acids - diethylenetriamine con- 
densate. 

Coconut oil acids - diethylenetriamine condensate 

Caprylic acid - tetraethylenepentamine condensate 

Coconut oil acids - N,N-dimethyltrimethylenediamine 

condensate. 
Mixed dicarboxylic acids - polyalkylenepolyamine con- 
densate. 

Mixed fatty acids - polyalkylenepolyamine condensate 

Oleic acid - 1- (2-aminoethyl)piperazine condensate 

Oleic acid - diethylenetriamine condensate 

Oleic acid - N,N-dimethyltrimethylenediamine conden- 
sate. 

Pelargonic acid - tetraethylenepentamine condensate 

*Stearic acid - diethylenetriamine condensate 

Stearic acid - N,N-diethylethylenediamine condensate 

Stearic acid - dipropylenetriamine condensate 

Stearic acid - tetraethylenepentamine condensate 

Tall oil acids - diethylenetriamine condensate 

Tall oil acids - polyalkylenepolyamine condensate 

All other 

Carboxylic acid - diamine and polyamine condensates, 
alkoxylated: 
Coconut oil acids - diethylenetriamine condensate, poly- 

ethoxylated. 
Coconut oil acids - ethylenediamine condensate, mono- 
ethoxylated. 
*01eic acid - ethylenediamine condensate, monoethyoxy- 

lated. 
Palmitic acid and stearic acids - ethylenediamine con- 
densate, monoethoxylated 
Palm oil acids - ethylenediamine condensate, mono- 
ethoxylated. 
*Stearic acid - ethylenediamine condensate, monoethoxy- 
lated. 
Stearic acid - diethylenetriamine condensate, poly- 

ethoxylated. 
Stearic acid - ethylenediamine condensate, di- 

ethoxylated. 
Stearic acid - ethylenddiamine condensate, polyethoxy- 
lated. 

3-Laaramido-N,N-dimethylpropylamine oxide 

All other 1 



APD. 

APX. 

WVA. 

HPC, NLC, PCS, RTF, WTC. 

APD. 

COM, SWT, UVC. 

ONX, UVC, VAC. 

COM, UVC. 

GGY, MOA, UVC. 

UVC. 

GGY, MOA, UVC. 

CUL, HDG, MOA, NLC, UVC, x. 
UVC, WTC. 

PCS, UVC. 
UVC. 



APX, DA, TXT. 

ICI. 

JRG, TXT. 

TXT. 

GRD, NLC. 
TXT. 

APD, TXT. 
CCW. 

ICI. 

CST, HRT, ONX, S. 

CBP. 

JOR. 

DEX, ICI, ONX. 

NCW, NLC. 

UVC. 

EFH, VND. 



TCC. 

ARL. 

CLD, DEX, HAL, SOC, TNA. 

MCP. 

APX. 

AML, CLD, CMC, CST, DA, DEX, ICI, MRA, S, SNW. 

TCC. 

HAL. 

APD. 



SNW 
MYW 



178 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2, 



-Surface-active agents: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Cationic Suvfaas-Aotive Agents — Continued 

*Amines, not containing oxygen [and salts thereof): 
*Amine salts: 

(Coconut oil alkyl)ainine acetate 

Hexamethylenediamine-p-toluenesulfonate ■ 

(Hydrogenated tallow alkyl)ajiiine acetate 

(9-0ctadecenyl)ainine acetate ■ 

N- (9-Octadecenyl) trimethylenediamine tallate 

Octadecylamine acetate 

Octyl amine acetate 

(Soybean oil alkyl)amine acetate 

(Tallow alkyl)amine acetate 

N- (Tallow alky 1] trimethylenediamine acetate 

N-(Tallow alkyl) trimethylenediamine naphthenate 

N- (Tallow alkyl) trimethylenediamine oleate 

N-(Tal low-alky 1) trimethylenediamine tallate 

All other 

♦Diamines and polyamines: 

*N- (Coconut oil alkyl) trimethylenediamine 

N-(Docosyl- and eicosyl) trimethylenediamine 

N-Dodecyldiethylenetriamine 

'Imidazoline derivatives: 

1- (2-Aminoethyl) -2-heptadecyl-2-imidazoline 

l-(2-Aminoethyl)-2-(mixed alkyl) -2 -imidazoline 

1- [3 -(2-Aminoethyl )naphth-l-yl] -2- (8-heptadecenyl)- 

2-imidazoline. 
1- (2-Aminoethyl) -2-nor (tall oil alkyl) -2-imidazo- 
line. 

2-(8-Heptadecenyl)-2-imidazoline 

2-Heptadecyl-2-imidazoline 

N- (Mixed alkyl)polyethylenepolyamine 

N- (9 -Octadecenyl) trimethylenediamine 

Polybutene amine 

N-(Soybean oil alkyl) trimethylenediamine 

N-(Tall oil alkyl) trimethylenediamine 

N- (Tallow alkyl)dipropylenetriamine 

*N- (Tallow alkyl) trimethylenediamine 

♦Primary monoamines : 

(Coconut oil alkyl)amine 

(Cottonseed oil alkyl)amine 

Docosyl- and eicosylamine 

Dodecylaroine 

Hexadecylamine 

* (Hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine 

(Mixed alkyl) amine 

(Mixed tert-alkyl) amine 

*9-0ctadecenylamine 

♦Octadecylamine 

Octyl amine 

tert-Octylamine 

(Soybean oil alkyl)amine 

(Tall oil alkyl)amine 

•(Tallow alkyl) amine 

♦Secondary and tertiary monoamines: 

Bis (coconut oil alkyl)amine 

Bis (hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine 

Bis(soybean oil alkyl)amine 

♦N,N-Dimethyl (coconut oil alkyl)amine 

N,N-Dimethyldodecylamine 

N,N-Diraethylhexadecylamine 

N,N-Dimethyl (hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine 

♦N,N-Dimethyl (mixed alkyl)amine 

♦N,N-Dimethyloctadecyl amine 

N,N-Dimethyl (soybean oil alkyl)amine 

N,N-Dimethyltetradecylamine 

N-Methy Ibis (coconut oil alkyl)araine 

♦N-Methy Ibis (hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine 

N-Methy Ibis (mixed alkyl) amine 

N-Methyldioctadecylamine 

Trioctylamine 



ARC, ASH, END. 



ASH. 
GNM. 

ARC. 

END. 

ASH. 



PCS. 








SCO. 








CCIV 








ARC, 


GNM. 






ORG. 








ARC, 


ENO. 






ARC. 








ARC, 


GNM. 






ARC, 


ASH, 


ENO, 


GNM. 


ARC, 


ENO, 


GNM. 




ASH. 








ENO. 








ARC, 


ASH, 


ENO, 


GNM. 


ARC, 


ASH, 


ENO. 




ARC, 


ASH, 


ENO, 


GNM. 


ARC. 








RH. 








ARC, 


ASH, 


ENO, 


GNM. 


ARC, 


ASH, 


ENO, 


GNM. 


ARC. 








RH. 








ARC, 


ENO. 






ARC, 


ASH, 


GNM. 




ARC, 


ASH, 


ENO, 


GNM, SNW 


ARC. 








ARC, 


ENO. 






ARC. 








ARC, 


BRD, 


ENO, 


PG. 


ARC, 


BRD. 






ARC, 


BRD. 






ARC, 


ENO. 






ARC, 


BRD, 


PG. 




ARC, 


BRD, 


CUL, 


ENO, PG. 


ARC, 


ENO. 






ARC, 


BRD. 






ARC, 


ENO, 


GNM. 




ARC, 


ASH, 


ENO, 


GNM. 


PC. 








ASH. 








GNM. 









SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



179 



TABLE 2. --Surface-active agents: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Cationio Surfaae-Aotive Agents — Continued 

*Oxygen-containing quaternary animoniuni salts : 

Quaternary ammonium salts having amide linkages: 

l-(2-Coconut oil acylamidoethyl)-l-methyl-2-nor(eoco-— 

nut oil alkyl)-2-imidazolinium methyl sulfate. 
2-Heptadecyl-l-methyl-l-(2-.';tearamidoethyl!)-2-imida- 

zolinium methyl sulfate. 
(2-Hydroxyethyl) dimethyl (3-stearamidopropyl)- 

ammonium dihydrogen phosphate. 
(2-Hydroxyethyl) dimethyl (3-stearamidopropyl)- 

ammonium nitrate. 

(3-Lauramidopropyl)trimethylammonium methyl sulfate 

2- (2-LauroyloxyethylJ carbamoyl- 1-methylpyridinium 

chloride. 
Stearic acid - diethanolamine condensate, methyl 

sulfate. 
Tall oil acid - polyalkylenepolyamine condensate, 

quaternary sulfate. 

Trimethyl(3-oleamidopropyl) ammonium methvl sulfate 

Other oxygen-containing quaternary ammonium salts: 
(2-Aminoethyl) ethyl (hydrogenated tallow alkyl) (2-hy- 

droxyethyl) ammonium ethyl sulfate. 
Benzyl (coconut oil alky l)bis (2-hydroxyethyl) ammonium 

chloride . 
Benzyl (coconut oil alkyl, ethoxylated)diraethylammonium 

chloride. 
l-Benzyl-2-heptadecyl-l- (2-hydroxyethyl) -2-imidazolin- 

ium chloride. 
1-Benzyl-l- (2-hydroxyethyl) -2-nor (tall oil alkyl)-2- 

imidazolinium chloride. 
Bis (2-hydroxyethyl, ethoxylated)methyl(9-octadecenyl)- 

ammonium chloride. 
Bis (2-hydroxyethyl, ethoxylated)methyloctadecylammo- 

nium chloride. 
(Coconut oil alkyl)amine, ethoxylated and quatema- 

rized. 
(Coconut oil alkyl)bis (2-hydroxyethyl, ethoxylated) - 

methylammonium chloride. 
(Ethoxybenzyl) dimethyl (octylphenoxy) ammonium chloride-- 
(Ethoxybenzyl) dimethyl (octyltolyloxy) ammonium chloride- 
l-Ethyl-2- (8-heptadecenyl)-l- (2-hydroxyethyl) -2-imid- 

azolinium ethyl sulfate. 

N-Ethyl-N-hexadecylmorpholinium ethyl sulfate 

N-Ethyl-N- (soybean oil alkyl)morpholinium ethyl sul- 
fate. 
2(8-Heptadecenyl)-l,l-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-imidazo- 

linium chloride. 
N- (2-Hydroxyethyl) -N,N' ,N'-tris(2-hydroxypropyl)ethyl- 

enediamine, distearate^ methyl sulfate. 
2-Hydroxytrimethylenebis[ (coconut oil alkyl) dimethyl- 
ammonium chloride]. 

Octadecylamine, propoxylated and quatemarized 

N- (Tallow alkyl)diamine, ethoxylated and quaternarized- 
N,N,N' ,N'-Tetrakis(2-hydroxypropyl)ethylenediamine, di- 

oleate, methyl sulfate. 
(Tridecylbenzyl) diethyl (2-hydroxyethyl) ammonium 

chloride. 

.._A11 other 

*Quatemary ammonium salts, not containing oxygen: 
*Acyclic: 

*Bis (coconut oil alkyl) dimethylammonium chloride .- 

Bis (coconut oil alkyl) dimethylammonium nitrate 

*Bis(hydrogenated tallow alkyl) dimethylammonium 

chloride. 
Bis (hydrogenated tallow alkyl) dimethyl (ammonium methyl 

sulfate. 

(Coconut oil alkyl) trimethylammonium chloride 

Didodecyldimethylammonium bromide 

Dimethy Ibis (mixed alkyl)- and trimethyl (mixed alkyl) - 

ammonium chloride. 



CUL. 

CUL. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY. 
WTC. 



DUP. 




NLC. 




ClB. 




LUR. 




ClB, 


NLC. 


GAP. 




UVC. 




NLC, 


UVC. 


ARC. 




ARC. 




ARC. 




ARC, 


VAC. 


RH. 




RH. 




APD, 


MO A, UVC. 


APD, 


BRD. 


APD. 




GGY. 




DUP. 




CIB. 




TCC. 




ARC. 




DUP. 




SNW. 




APD, 


VAC. 



ARC, ENO, GNM, VAC. 

ARC. 

ARC, ASH, ENO, GNM, VAC. 



ARC, GNM. 
ONX. 

GNM. 



180 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. --Surface-active agents: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Cationic Surfaae-Aotive Agents — Continued 

♦Quaternary ammonium salts, not containing oxygen--Con. 
*Acyclic-- Continued 

Dimethylbis (9 -octadecenyl) ammonium chloride 

Dimethy Ibis (soybean oil alkyl) ammonium chloride 

Dimethyldioctadecylammonium chloride 

Dimethyldioctadecylammonium methyl sulfate 

Dode cy It rime thy 1 ammonium bromide 

Dodecy It rime thy 1 ammonium chloride 

Ethyldiraethyl (mixed alkyl) ammonium ethyl sulfate 

Ethyldimethyl (9 -octadecenyl) ammonium bromide 

Ethylhexadecyldimethylammonium bromide 

*Hexadecyltrimethylammonium salts : 

Hexadecy It rime thy 1 ammonium bromide 

Hexadecyltrimethyl ammonium chloride 

Hexadecy Itrime thy 1 ammonium p-toluenesulfonate 

(Hydrogenated tallow alkyl) trimethylammonium chloride 

Methyl trioctylammonium chloride 

Methyltris (mixed alkyl) ammonium chloride 

N,N,N' ,N' ,N'-Pentamethyl-N-(tallow alkyl)trimethylene 
bis [ammonium chloride]. 

Triethyloctadecylammonium ethyl sulfate 

Trimethyl (mixed alkyl) ammonium chloride 

Trimethyloctadecyl ammonium chloride 

Trimethyl (soybean oil alkyl) ammonium chloride 

Trimethyl (soybean oil alkyl) ammonium methyl sulfate-- 

Trimethyl (tallow alkyl) ammonium chloride 

Trimethyl tetradecylammonium bromide 

All other 

*Benzenoid: 

*Benzyl (coconut oil alkyl)diraethylammonium chloride 

*Benzyldimethyl (mixed alkyl) ammonium chloride 

*Benzyl dimethy loctadecyl ammonium chloride 

Benzyldimethyi (tallow alkyl) ammonium chloride 

Benzyldimethyltetradecylammonium chloride 

Benzyldodecyldimethylammonium chloride 

Benzylhexadecyldimethyl ammonium chloride 

Benzyl (hydrogenated tallow alkyl) dimethy lammonium 
chloride. 

Benzyl (mixed alkyl)pyridinium chloride 

1-Benzylpyridinium chloride 

*Benzy It rimethy lammonium chloride 

* (3, 4-Dichlorobenzyl) dodecy Idimethy lammonium chloride- 

(Dodecylbenzyl)dimethyloctadecylammonium chloride 

(Dodecy lbenzyl)triethy lammonium chloride 

(Dodecy lb enzyl) trimethylammonium chloride 

2-Dodecylisoquinolinium bromide 

(Dodecylmethylbenzyl) trimethylammonium chloride 

1- Dodecy Ipyridinium chloride 

(Ethylbenzyl) dimethyl (mixed alkyl) ammonium chloride-- 

Nonionio Surface-Active Agents 

*Carboxylic acid amides: 

*Carboxylic acid - alkanolamine condensates: 

*Diethanolamine condensates (amine/acid ratio = 2/1): 

*Capric acid 

Castor oil acids 

*Coconut oil acids 

Coconut oil and tall oil acids 

*Coconut oil and tallow acids 

*Lauric acid 

Laurie and myristic acids 

Linoleic acid 



ARC. 












ASH, 


ONX, 


PG. 








ONX. 












DUP. 












ARC, 


GNM. 










JOR, 


TCC. 










ONX. 












FIN. 












DUP, 


FIN, 


ICI. 








ARC, 


BRD. 










FIN. 












ARC. 












GNM. 












ASH. 












ARC, 


GNM. 










AKS. 












NIC. 












ARC. 












ARC, 


VAC. 










ARC. 












ARC, 


GNM. 










FIN. 












GNM, 


STC, 


VAC. 








CRT, 


DEP, 


LUR, 


RTF 


TXT 




AAC, 


BRD, 


CUL, 


FIN 


ONX 


PG, RH, TXT, VAC 


CUL, 


FIN, 


ONX, 


RH, 


TNI, 


WSN. 


ENO. 












FIN, 


SNW. 










FIN, 


ONX, 


SDH. 








ONX. 












ENO. 












RTF. 












DEP. 












BRD, 


COM, 


CRT, 


CUL 


TCC 


VAC, WTC. 


CUL, 


ONX, 


VAC. 








ARC. 












PC. 












CUL, 


VAC, 


WTC. 








CUL, 


ONX. 










RH. 












BRD, 


HD. 










ONX. 













GGY, PCS. SCP, UVC. 

BAG. 

AKS, AML, ARD, BSW, GIB, CLI, CTL, DA, DEP, DSO, EFH, 
GAF, HLI, HRT, JOR, KNP, LUR, MCP, MOA, ONX, PC, 
PCS, PNX, RCD, RTF, SBC, SCP, SEY, SOP, SOS, STP, 
SWT, TXC, TXN, UNN, UVC, VAC, VND, WTC, x. 

CSB. 

CLI, CRT, GAF, MOA, PG, VAL, WTC. 

CLI, DA, DRW, HLI, ONX, PCS, PG, RCD, WON, WTC, X. 

HLI, MOA. 

VND. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



181 



TABLE 2. 



-Surface-active agents: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufactur»,r, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Nonionio Surfaae-Aative Agents — Continued 

*Carboxylic acid amides — Continued 

*Carboxylic acid - alkanolaraine condensates--Continued 
*Diethanolaiiiine condensates (amine/acid ratio = 2/1)-- 
Continued 

Mixed vegetable oil acids 

*01eic acid 

Palmitic acid 

Pelargonic acid 

*Stearic acid 

Tallow acids 

*Tall oil acids 

.All other 

*Diethanolamine condensates (other amine/acid ratios) : 
*Coconut oil acids (amine/acid ratio=l/l} 

Coconut oil acids (amine/acid ratio=1.4/l) 

Coconut oil acids (other ratios) 

Linoleic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

*Lauric acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Laurie and myristic acids (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Myristic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

*01eic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

*Palmitic and stearic acids (amine/acid ratio=l/l)-- 
Palmitic and stearic acids (amine/acid ratio=1.3/l) 

*Stearic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Stearic acid (amine/acid ratio-2.7/1) 

Tall oil acids (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Tall oil acids (amine/acid ratio=2.7/l) 

Tallow acids (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Unspecified mixed fatty acids (amine/acid 
ratio=l/l) . 
*Ethanolamine condensates: 

*Coconut oil acids (amine/acid ratio=2/l 

Coconut oil acids (amine/acid ratio-1/1) 

Hydrogenated castor oil acids (amine/acid 
ratio=2/l) . 

Hydrogenated tallow acids (amine/acid ratio=2/l) 

*Lauric acid (amine/acid ratio=2/l) 

Laurie and myristic acids (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Oleic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Stearic acid (amine/acid ratio=2/l) 

Stearic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Stearic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/2) 

All rther 

*Isopropanolamine condensates: 

Coconut oil acids 

*Lauric acid 

Laurie and myristic acids 

*Other carboxylic acid amides : 

Coconut oil acids - ethanolamine condensate, 
ethoxylated. 

Oleic acid - ethanolamine condensate, ethoxylated 

Stearic acid - N,N'-diethylethylenediamine condensate 

(amine/acid ratio=l/2) 
Tallow acids - propanolamine condensate, ethoxylated-- 

All other 

*Carboxylic acid esters: 
*Anhydrosorbitol esters : 

Anhydrosorbital ester of mixed fatty acids 

'Vnhydrosorbitol dioleate 

Anhydrosorbitol monoester of tall oil acids 

Anhydrosorbitol monolaurate 

*Anhydrosorbitol mono-oleate 

Anhydrosorbitol monopalmitate 

*Anhydrosorbitol monostearate 

Anhydrosorbitol sesquioleate 

Anhydrosorbitol tetrastearate 

Anhydrosorbitol triester of tall oil acids 

•Anhydrosorbitol trioleate 

•Anhydrosorbitol tristearate 



HLI. 

CCW, CLI, EMR, MOA, STP, UVC, VAC. 

CMC. 

EMR. 

AML, CLI, DA, EMR, ONX, SCO, SOS, TXC, VAL. 

WTC. 

EFH, MCP, MOA, MRA, SOS. 

ROB. 

APX, ARD, CCL, CLI, CTL, CUL, DA, EMK, GGY, HLI, MOA, 
MRV, ONX, PCS, PIL, QCP, RTF, SBC, SCO, SEY, STP, 
TCC, TXT, VAC, WTC. 

JRG. 

EMR. 

MOA. 

CTL, CUL, DRW, HLI, LEV, MOA, ONX, PCS, PG, RTF, SBC, 
TXN, VAC, WTC. 

CLI, TXT. 

HDG. 

DA, GGY, SBC,- SWT, TCC, TXT. 

GAF, MOA, MRA, PCS. 

MCP. 

EMR, GAF, GGY, GLY, JOR, MOA, RPC, SEY, UVC. 

EFH. 

MRV. 

EFH. 

RPC. 

STP. 



AES, CTL, PEK, STP, VAC, VND, WTC. 
MOA, PCS, PG, STP, UVC. 
BAG, GLY. 

GLY. 

AES, ARC, CTL. 

MOA, TXT. 

VPC. 

ARC, CLI. 

MOA, VND. 

GLY. 

VAC. 

STP. 

ARD, CLI, MOA, PCS, WTC. 

LEV, MOA, TXT. 



GAF. 
SNW. 



NLC. 
EMR. 



GLY. 
APD. 
APC, 
APD, 
AAC, 
APD, 
APD, 
AAC, 
APD. 
GLY, 
AAC, 
APD, 



GLY, HDG, RTF, TCH. 

ARC, GLY, PCS, TCH. 

APD, ARC, DRW, EMR, GLY, HDG, PCS, SEY, TCH. 

GLY, HDG, PCS, TCH. 

DRW, GLD, GLY, HDG, PCS. 

GLY, HDG. 

TCH. 

APD, GLY, PCS, TCH. 

GLY, HDG. 



182 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. --Surface-active agents: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Nonionio Surface-Aative Agents — Continued 

*Carboxylic acid esters--Continued 
*Diethylene glycol esters: 

Diethylene glycol dioleate 

Diethylene glycol distearate 

*Diethylene glycol monolaurate 

Diethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Diethylene glycol monoricinoleati' 

'Diethylene glycol monostearate 

Diethylene glycol sesquiester of tall oil acids 

Diethylene glycol sesqui-isostearate 

Diethylene glycol sesquilaurate 

Diethylene glycol sesquistearate 

*Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol esters: 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monoester of tall oil 
acids. 

*Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monolaurate 

*Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol mono-oleate 

*Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monopalmitate 

*Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monostearate 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol triester of castor oil 

acids. 
Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol triester of tall oil 
acids . 

♦Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol trioleate 

♦Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol tristearate 

Ethoxylated sorbitol esters: 

Ethoxylated sorbitol beeswax ester 

Ethoxylated sorbitol distearate 

Ethoxylated sorbitol heptaoleate 

Ethoxylated sorbitol hexaester of tall oil acids 

Ethoxylated sorbitol hexaoleate 

Ethoxylated sorbitol lanolin ester 

Ethoxylated sorbitol mono-oleate 

Ethoxylated sorbitol monostearate 

Ethoxylated sorbitol oleate, acetylated 

Ethoxylated sorbitol pentaester of tall oil acids 

Ethoxylated sorbitol pentalaurate 

Ethoxylated sorbitol pentaoleate 

Ethoxylated sorbitol tetraester of lauric and oleic 
acids. 

Ethoxylated sorbitol tetraester of tall oil acids 

*Bthylene glycol esters: 

Ethylene glycol distearate 

Ethylene glycol ester of dimer acid 

Ethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Ethylene glycol monostearate 

Ethylene glycol sesquistearate 

♦Glycerol esters: 

♦Complex glycerol esters: 

Anhydrosorbitol glycerol monolaurate 

Ethoxylated glycerol sesquiester of mixed fatty 
acids. 

Glycerol diacetyltartrate monostearate 

Glycerol ester ethoxylated 

Glycerol lactate ester of hydrogenated palm oil 

acids . 
Glycerol lactate ester of hydrogenated tallow acids 

Glycerol lactate palmitate 

Glycerol lactate stearate 

Glycerol maleate mono-oleate 

Glycerol mannitan laurate 

Glycerol monoester of mixed fatty acids, acetylated 

Glycerol mono-oleate, acetylated 

Glycerol monostearate, succinylated 



GLY. 

ARC, GLY. 

CCW, EMR, GLY, HAL, HDG. 

ARC, HAL. 

GLY. 

ARC, CLl, DA, HAL, HDG, MCP, PCS, QCP, UVC, VND, 

WTC. 
QCP, WTC. 
SEY. 

ARC, GLY. 
WM. 

RTF, TCH. 

AAC, APD, ARC, DRW, GLY, HDG, PCS, TCH. 

AAC, APD, ARC, DRW, GLY, HDG, PCS, TCH. 

AAC, APD, GLY, HDG, PCS, TCH. 

AAC, APD, ARC, DRW, GLY, HDG, PCS, TCH. 

APD. 

APD. 

AAC, APD, GLY, PCS, TCH. 

AAC, APD, DRW, GLY, HDG, PCS, TCH. 

APD. 

APD. 

APD. 

APD, TCH. 

APD. 

APD. 

APD. 

BMW. 

APD. 

APD, RTF. 

APD. 

APD. 

APD. 

APD. 

ARC, CCA, EMR, HDG, HUM. 

EMR. 

EFH, HAL. 

ARC, CCW, CLl, GLY, HAL, HDG, KNP, PCS, VND, WM. 

WM. 



APD. 
APD. 



DRW, 


PCS 


GLY. 




GLD. 




GLD. 




ARC, 


DRW 


APD, 


PCS 


DA. 




GLY. 




EKT, 


WTC 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



183 



TABLE 2. 



-Surface-active agents: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Nonionia Surface-Active Agents — Continued 

*Carboxylic acid esters--Continued 
*Glycerol esters — Continued 

'Glycerol esters of chemically defined acids: 

Glycerol dioleate 

Glycerol distearate 

Glycerol monocaprylate 

'Glycerol monolaurate 

'Glycerol mono-oleate 

Glycerol monoricinoleate 

'Glycerol monostearate 

'Glycerol esters of mixed acids : 

Glycerol monoester of coconut oil acids 

Glycerol monoester of corn oil acids 

Glycerol monoester of cottonseed oil acids 

'Glycerol monoester of hydrogenated cottonseed oil 

acids. 
'Glycerol monoester of hydrogenated soybean oil 
acids . 

Glycerol monoester of hydrogenated tallow acids 

Glycerol monoester of lard acids 

Glycerol monoester of peanut oil acids 

Glycerol monoester of tall oil acids 

All other 

'Natural fats and oils, ethoxylated: 

'Castor oil, ethoxylated 

Hydrogenated castor oil, ethoxylated 

'Lanolin, ethoxylated ■ 

Tallow, ethoxylated 

'Polyethylene glycol esters: 

'Polyethylene glycol esters of chemically defined acids 

Polyethylene glycol dibenzoate 

'Polyethylene glycol dilaurate 

'Polyethylene glycol dioleate 

Polyethylene glycol distearate 

Polyethylene glycol methylcarbitol maleate 

'Polyethylene glycol monolaurate 

'Polyethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Polyethylene glycol mono-oleate, ethoxylated 

Polyethylene glycol monopalmitate 

Polyethylene glycol monopelargonate 

Polyethylene glycol monoricinoleate 

'Polyethylene glycol monostearate 

Polyethylene glycol sesquioleate 

All other 

'Polyethylene glycol esters of rosin and tall oil acids 

Polyethylene glycol diester of tall oil acids 

'Polyethylene glycol monoester of tall oil acids 

Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of rosin acids 

'Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of tall oil acids 

'Polyethylene glycol esters of other mixed acids: 
Polyethylene glycol diester of trimerized castor 

oil acids. 
Polyethylene glycol ester of palmitic and stearic 

acids . 
Polyethylene glycol monoester of coconut oil acids — 
Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of castor oil acids- 
'Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of coconut oil 
acids. 

Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of tallow acids 

All other 



ARC, HAL, WTC. 

APD, APX, ARC, WTC. 

ARC, DRW. 

ARC, GLY, HAL. 

AAE, APD, ARC, CCW, DRW, EFH, EKT, EMR, GLY, HAL, 

HDG, PCS, SIVT, WM, WTC. 
CCW, DA, GLY, HDG. 
ARC, CCW, CHL, CHP, CRT, DRW, EFH, EMR, GLY, 

GRO, HAL, HRT, ICI, LUR, MRA, NW, PCS, PG, SOS, 

SWT, TCC, VND, WM. x. 

DRW, GLY, SWT, WM. 

GLD. 

EKT. 

GLD, LEV, WM. 

DRW, EKT, GLD, PCS. 

GLD, PCS. 

ARC, EKT, GLD, GLY. 

DRW. 

ARC, EFH, SLM. 

APD, EKT, LEV. 

AAC, APD, BAG, DA, DRW, GAF, GLY, ICI, NLC, PCS, 

RTF, TCH, TMH, WYN. 
APD, DA, GAF, TCH. 
AAC, APD, CRD, PCS. 
DRW. 



TCC. 

ARC, DA, DEX, EFH, GLY, HAL, HDG, JOR, PCS, WM. 

ARC, CLD, DA, EFH, GGY, GLY, HAL, HDG, NLC, PCS, 

UVC, VND, WM. 
ARC, EFH, GLY, HAL, HDG, PCS, QCP. 
CCA. 
AAC, ARC, CCA, DA, DEX, GAF, GGY, GLY, HAL, HDG, ICI, 

JOR, KNP, MCP, MRT, PCS, TCH, UVC. 
APD, ARC, CCA, CLD, CRT, DA, DEX, DRW, EFH, GAF, GGY, 

GLY, HAL, HDG, HRT, ICI, ONX, PCS, SWT, TCH, UVC, 

VAC, WTC. 
APD. 
APD. 

EMR, PCS. 
HAL. 
AAC, AKS, AML, APD, ARC, CHP, CRT, DA, DEP, DEX, DRW, 

EFH, EMR, GAF, GGY, GLY, HAL, HDG, HRT, ICI, KNP, 

ONX, PC, PCS, RH, SEY, TCC, TCH, UVC, VND, WM, WTC. 
EMR, PCS. 
SEY. 

EFH, GLY. 

EFH, GLY, NLC, RTF, SOS, TCH. 

HPC, QCP. 

AML, APD, APX, ARC, DA, DRW, MON, SLM, UVC, WTC. 

GLY. 

MCP. 

APD, EMR, GLY. 

ARC, UVC. 

ARL, DA, DRW, PG, SCP, UVC, VND. 

SOS. 
VAC. 



184 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. --Surface-active agents: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Nomonia Swffaae-Aotive Agents — Continued 

*Carboxylic acid esters--Continued 
*Polyglycerol esters: 

Polyglycerol lactate oleate 

Polyglycerol mono- oleate 

Polyglycerol monostearate 

'Propanediol esters: 

1,2-Propanediol dioleate 

*1, 2- Propanediol distearate 

1,3-Propanediol itionoester of coconut oil acids 

1,2-Propanediol monoester of hydrogenated cottonseed 
oil acids. 

1,2-Propanediol monoester of soybean oil acids 

1,2-Propanediol monoester of tallow acids 

1,2-Propanediol monolaurate 

1,2-Propanediol mono-oleate 

*1, 2 -Propanediol monostearate 

Miscellaneous carboxylic acid esters: 

Ethoxylated 1,2-propanediol monostearate 

Laurie acid esters of glycerol and ethoxylated nonyl- 
phenol. 

Methylglucoside laurate 

Methylglucoside oleate 

Miscellaneous esters of stearic acid 

Oleic acid esters of ethoxylated nonylphenol 

Pentaerythritol distearate 

Polyalkylene glycol diglycolate 

Polypropylene glycol mono-oleate, propoxylated 

Polypropylene glycol monf^stearate 

Polypropylene glycol oleate 

Sucrose esters of fatty acids '■ 

All other 

*Ethers: 

*Benzenoid ethers: 

*Alkylphenol - formaldehyde condensates, alkoxylated: 
p-tert-Butylphenol - formaldehyde condensate, 
alkoxylated. 

(Mixed alkyl)phenol - formaldehyde, alkoxylated 

Nonylphenol - formaldehyde, alkoxylated 

tert-Octylphenol - formaldehyde condensate, 
ethoxylated 

p-tert-Butylphenol, ethoxylated 

Diisobutylphenol, ethoxylated 

Dinonylphenol, ethoxylated 

*Dodecylphenol, ethoxylated 

Iso-octylphenol, ethoxylated 

(Mixed alkyl)phenol, ethoxylated 

(Mixed alkyl)phenoxypoly(ethyleneoxy)ethyl chloride — 
*Nonylphenol, ethoxylated 



DRW. 


















HDG, 


PCS, 


VND. 














PCS. 


















X. 


















ARC, 


HAL, 


PCS. 














WM. 


















GLD. 


















GLD. 


















GLD. 


















ARC, 


DRW, 


HAL, 


SBC. 












EFH, 


HAL. 
















APD, 


ARC, 


CCW, 


DRW, 


EKT, 


EMR, 


GLY, 


HAL, 


PCS 


APD. 


















TCC. 


















HDG. 


















HDG. 


















EMR. 


















HFH. 


















GLY, 


VAL. 
















NLC. 


















HDG. 


















HDG. 


















HAL. 


















SUG. 


















CCW, 


STC, 


WM. 















Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and propoxylated 

Nony Iphenoxypoly (ethy leneoxy ) ethyl iodide 

Phenol, ethoxylated 

Tetradecylphenol , ethoxylated 

Tridecylphenol, ethoxylated 

Xylenol, ethoxylated 

All other 

*Nonbenzenoid ethers; 

*Linear alcohols, alkoxylated: 

Decyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Decyl and octyl alcohols, ethoxylated 

Decyl and octyl alcohols, ethoxylated and propoxy- 
lated. 

Decyloxypoly(ethyleneoxy3 ethyl chloride 

*Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and propoxylated 

*Hexadecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

*Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated 



Mixed linear alcohols, 
*9-0ctadecenyl alcohol. 



ethoxylated and propoxylated- 
ethoxylated 



NLC, RTF. 
NLC, RTF. 
SDW. 

RTF. 

GAF. 

GAF, HDG, PCS, STP, TMH. 

GAF, MON, PCS, TMH, UCC. 

APX, DA, OMC, RH. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

APD, CIB,-CLY, DA, GAF, HDG, ICI, JCC, MON, NLC, 

OMC, PCS, RH, RTF, STP, TCH, TMH, UCC. 
RTF. 
GAF. 

APD, DA, GAF, JCC, TCH, UCC. 
ORO. 
PCS. 
NLC. 
RH, VPC. 



GAF, ICI, TCH. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

AAC, APD, DRW, GAF, HDG, OMC, UCC. 

DUP. 

AAC, ACS, APD, ASH, CIB, GLY, ICI. 

AAC, CO, GAF, HDG, JCC, MON, NLC, RH, RTF, SHC, STP, 

TCH, UCC, WTC. 
GAF, JCC, STP, WYN. 
AAC, APD, ASH, CIB, CRD, DA, DUP, GAF, GLY, TCH, 

VPC. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



185 



TABLE 2, 



-Surface-active agents: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Nonionia Surfaae-Aative Agents — Continued 

*Ethers- -Continued 

*Nonbenzenoid ethers--Continued 

*Linear alcohols, alkoxylated--Continued 

Octadecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Sperm oil alcohol, ethoxylated 

Tallow alcohol, ethoxylated 

Tetradecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

All other 

*Other ethers and thioethers : 

*Poly (ethylene and propylene) glycols: 

Poly(inixed ethylene, propylene) glycol 

Polypropylene glycol, ethoxylated 

tert-Dodecyl mercaptan, ethoxylated 

2-Ethylhexanol, ethoxylated 

Glucose, ethoxylated 

Glycerol, alkoxylated 

Mixed alcohols, ethoxylated 

Rosin alcohol, ethoxylated 

2,4,7,9-Tetramethyl-5-decyne-4,7-diol, ethoxylated- 
*Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 



Tridecyl alcohol, propoxylated and ethoxylated 

Trimethylheptanol, ethoxylated 

Trimethylnonyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Trimethylolpropane, alkoxylated 

All other 

*Other nonionic surface-active agents: 

3,5-Diinethyl-l-hexyn-3-ol 

3,6-Dimethyl-4-octyne-4,7-diol 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid - diethanolamine condensate, 

fatty acid monoester. 
Glycerol sesquiester of hydrogenated castor oil acids, 
borated and ethoxylated. 

Octyl phosphate, ethoxylated 

2,4,7,9-Tetra]nethyl-5-decyne-4,7-diol 

Tri(castor oil alkyl) phosphate 

Tris(nonylphenyl) phosphite 

All other 



APD, 


CIB, 


DUP, GAF. 


DUP. 






AAC. 






AAC 






DUP. 






RH. 






NLC, 


UCC, 


VAC. 


NLC, 


RTF, 


WYN. 


AAC, 


UCC. 




TCH. 






RH. 






NLC. 






DRW, 


UCC, 


VAC. 


CIB. 






cue. 






AAC, 


APD, 


DRW, GAF, ICI, JCC, MON, NLC, OMC, PCS 


RTF, TCH, UCC. 


JCC. 






PCS. 






UCC. 






JCC, 


RTF, 


WYN. 


AAC, 


NLC, 


SNW. 


cue. 






cue. 






ACT. 






GLY. 






DUP. 






cue. 






GLY. 






GAP. 






CMG, 


GAF, 


NLC, WTC. 



186 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 3. --Surface-active agents: Directory of Manvifacturers, 1969 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 



Code 


Name of company 


1 
Code 


Name of company 


AAC 


Alcolac Chemical Corp. 


EFH 


E. F. Houghton § Co. 




AAE 


American Aniline 5 Extract Co., Inc. 


EKT 


Eastman Kodak Co., Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 


ACE 


Acme Chemical Co. 


EMK 


Emkay Chemical Co. 




ACS 


Allied Chemical Corp., Specialty Chemicals Div. 


EMR 


Emery Industries, Inc. 




ACT 


Arthur C. Trask Co. 


ENO 


Enenco, Inc. 




ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. 








AES 


Amerace-Esna Corp., Chemical Specialties Div. 


FIN 


Fine Organics, Inc. 




AGP 


Armour-Dial, Inc. 








AKS 


Arkansas Co. , Inc. 


GAE 


GAF Corp . : 




AML 


Amalgamated Chemical Corp. 




Dyestuff § Chemical Div. 




APD 


Atlas Chemical Industries, Inc. 




Textile Chemical Div. 




APX 


Apex Chemical Co., Inc. 


GGY 


Geigy Chemical Corp. 




ARC 


Armour § Co., Armour Industrial Chemical Co. 


GLD 


SCM Corp., Glidden-Durkee Div. 




ARD 


Ardmore Chemical Co. 


GLY 


Glyco Chemicals, Inc. 




ARL 


Arol Chemical Products Co. 


GNM 


General Mills, Inc., Chemical Div. 




ASH 


Ashland Oil, Inc., Ashland Chemical Co. Div. 




W. R. Grace S Co. : 




ASY 


American Synthetic Rubber Corp. 


GRC 


Dubois Chemicals Div. 




ATR 


Atlantic Richfield Co., ARCO Chemical Co. Div. 


GRD 
GRL 


Polymer 5 Chemicals Div. 
Vestal Laboratories Div. 




BAC 


Baker Castor Oil Co. 


GRO 


Millmaster Onyx Corp., A. Gross 5 Co. 


Div. 


BAG 


Bayoil Co. , Inc. 


GYR 


Goodyear Tire § Rubber Co. 




BLA 


Astor Products, Inc., Sub. of Winn-Dixie 










Stores, Inc. 


HAL 


C. P. Hall Co. of Illinois 




BLS 


Beech -Nut, Inc. 


HDG 


Hodag Chemical Corp. 




BRD 


Baird Chemical Industries, Inc. 


HEW 


Hewitt Soap Co. 




BSW 


Original Bradford Soap Works, Inc. 


HK 
HLI 


Hooker Chemical Corp. 
Haag Laboratories, Inc. 




CBP 


Ciba Pharmaceutical Co. 


HMP 


W. R. Grace § Co., Hampshire Chemical 


Div. 


CCA 


Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc., Advance Div. 


HNT 


Huntington Laboratories, Inc. 




CCL 


Charlotte Chemical Laboratories, Inc. 


HPC 


Hercules, Inc. 




CCW 


Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc. 


HRT 


Hart Products Corp. 




CHL 


Chemol, Inc. 


HUM 


Krafto Corp., Humko Products Div. 




CHP 


C. H. Patrick § Co . , Inc. 








CIB 


Ciba Chemical S Dye Co. 


ICI 


ICI America, Inc. 




CLD 


Colloids, Inc. 








CLI 


Clintwood Chemical Co. 


JCC 


Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc. 




CLY 


W. A. Cleary Corp. 


JOR 


Jordan Chemical Co. 




CMC 


Nyanza, Inc. 


JRG 


Andrew Jergens Co. 




CO 


Continental Oil Co. 








COM 


Commerical Solvents Corp. 


KAL 


Kali Manufacturing Co. 




CON 


Concord Chemical Co., Inc. 


KCH 


Keystone Chemurgic Corp. 




CP 


Colgate-Palmolive Co. 


KNG 


Far-Best Corp., 0. L. King Div. 




CPP 


Charmin Paper Products Co. 


KNP 


Knapp Products, Inc. 




CRD 


Croda, Inc. 








CRT 


Crest Chemical Corp. ■ 


LAK 


Lakeway Chemical Co. 




CRZ 


Crown Zellerbach Corp., Chemical Products Div. 


LEA 


Leatex Chemical Co. 




CSB 


Imoco-Gateway Corp., Chemical Service Div. 


LEV 


Lever Brothers Co. 




CST 


Charles S. Tanner Co. 


LIL 


Eli Lilly § Co. 




CTL 


Continental Chemical Co. 


LKY 


Lake State Div. of St. Regis Paper Co 




CTN 


Chemetron Corp., Organic Chemical Div. 


LMI 


North American Chemical Co. 




cue 


Air Reduction Co., Inc., Airco Chemical 


LPC 


Lignin Products Co., Inc. 






a Plastics 


LUR 


Laurel Products Corp. 




CUL 


Culver Chemical Co. 








CWP 


Consolidated Papers, Inc. 


MAL 
MAR 


Mallinckrodt Chemical Woj'ks 
American Can Co. 




DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. 


MCP 


Moretex Chemical Products, Inc. 




DAN 


Dan River Mills, Inc. 


MIR 


Miranol Chemical Co., Inc. 




DCP 


Dixie Chemical Products, Inc. 


MOA 


Mona Industries, Inc. 




DEP 


DePaul Chemical Co., Inc. 


MON 


Monsanto Co. 




DEX 


Dexter Chemical Corp. 


MRA 


Crown-Metro, Inc. 




DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. 


MRD 


Marden-Wild Corp. 




DRW 


Drew Chemical Corp . 


MRT 


Morton Chemical Co. 




DSD 


DeSoto, Inc. 


MRV 


Marlowe-Van Loan Corp. 




DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours S Co., Inc. 


MYW 


Stepan Chemical Co., Maywood Div. 




DYS 


Davies-Young Co. 









SXJRFACE- ACTIVE AGENTS. 
TABLE 3. --Surface-active agents: Directory of Manufacturers, 196 9- -Continued 



187 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


NCW 


Nostrip Chemical Works, Inc. 


SLC 


Soluol Chemical Co., Inc. 




NES 


Nease Chemical Co., Inc. 


SLM 


Salem Oil S Grease Co. 




NLC 


Nalco Chemical Co. 


SMC 


Stamford Chemical Industries, Inc. 




NMC 


National Milling § Chemical Co., Inc. 


SNW 


Sun Chemical Corp., Chemicals Div. 




NPR 


Safeway Stores, Inc., Brookside Div. 


SOC 


Standard Oil Co. of California, Chevron 


NW 


Northwestern Chemical Co. 


SOP 


Chemical Co. 
Southern Chemical Products Co. 




OMC 


Clin Corp. 


SOS 


Southern Sizing Co. 




ONX 


Millmaster Onyx Corp., Onyx Chemical Co. 


STC 


Sou-Tex Chemical Co., Inc. 




ORO 


Chevron Chemical Co. 


STP 

sue 


Stepan Chemical Co. 

Colonial Sugar Co., Sucro Chemical Div 




PC 


Proctor Chemical Co., Inc. 


SWT 


Swift S Co., Swift Chemical Co. Div. 




PCH 


Peerless Chemical Co. 








PCI 


Pioneer Chemical Works, Inc. 


TCC 


Tanatex Chemical Corp. 




PCS 


Emery Industries, Inc. 


TCH 


Trylon Chemical Corp. 




PEK 


Peck's Products Co. 


TCI 


Texize Chemicals, Inc. 




PFZ 


Pfizer, Inc. 


TDC 


Diversey Corp., Diversey Chemical Co. Div. 


PG 


Procter S Gamble Co. 


TEN 


Tennessee Copper Co. Div. of Tennessee 


Corp. 


PIL 


Pilot Chemical Co. 


TMH 


Thompson-Hayward Chemical Co. 




PLC 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 


TNA 


Ethyl Corp. 




PLX 


Plex Chemical Corp. 


TNI 


Gillette Chemical Co. Div. of Gillette 


Co. 


PNX 


Murphy-Phoenix Co. 


TXC 


Tex Chem Co. 




PRX 


Purex Corp. , Ltd. 


TXN 


Textilana-Nease, Inc. 




PSP 


Georgia-Pacific Corp., Bellingham Div. 


TXT 


Textilana Corp. 




PUR 


Puritan Chemical Co. 


UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 




QCP 


Quaker Chemical Corp. 


UDI 
UNN 


Petrochemicals Co., Inc. 

United Chemical Corp. of Norwood 




RAY 


ITT Rayonier, Inc. 


UNP 


United Chemical Products Corp. 




RBC 


Roberts Chemicals Div. of Security Chemicals, 


USR 


Uniroyal, Inc., Chemical Div. 






Inc. 


UVC 


Universal Chemicals Corp. 




RCD 


Richardson Co. 








RH 


Rohm § Haas Co. 


VAC 


Northern Petrochemical Co., Varney Div 




ROB 


Robeco Chemicals, Inc. 


VAL 


Valchem 




RPC 


Millmaster Onyx Corp., Refined-Onyx Div. 


VND 


Van Dyk 5 Co.. Inc. 




RTC 


Ritter Chemical Co., Inc. 


VPC 


Verona Corp. 




RTF 


Retzloff Chemical Co. 


WAW 


W. A. Wood Co. 




S 


Sandoz-Wander, Inc. 


WAY 


Philip A. Hunt Chemical Corp., Wayland 




SBC 


Scher Bros . , Inc . 




Chemical Div. 




SBP 


Sugar Beet Products Co. 


WBG 


White § Bagley Co. 




SCO 


Scholler Bros. , Inc. 


WHI 


White § Hodges, Inc. 




SCP 


Standard Chemical Products, Inc. 


WHW 


Whittemore-Wright Co., Inc. 




SDC 


Martin-Marietta Corp., Southern Dyestuff 


WIC 


Wica Chemicals, Inc. 






Co. Div. 


WM 


Wilson Pharmaceutical § Chemical Corp., 






Sterling Drug, Inc. : 




Wilson-Martin Div. 




SDH 


Hilton-Davis Chemical Co. Div. 


WON 


Woonsocket Color § Chemical Co. 




SDW 


Winthrpp Laboratories Div. 


WSN 


Mallinckrodt Chemical Works, 




SEA 


Seaboard' Chemicals, Inc. 




Washine Div. 




SEY 


Seydel-Woolley 6 Co. 


WTC 


Witco Chemical Co., Inc. 




SFA 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Specialty Chemical Div. 


WVA 


Westvaco Corp . , 




SHC 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 




Polychemicals Dept. 




SHP 


Shepherd Chemical Co. 


WYN 


Wyandotte Chemicals Corp. 




SID 


George F. Siddall Co., Inc. 









PESTICLDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS 189 



Pesticides and related products include fungicides, herbicides, 
insecticides, rodenticides , and related products such as plant hormones, 
seed disinfectants, soil conditioners, soil fumigants and synergists. 
The data are given in terms of 100-percent active material; they thus 
exclude such materials as diluents, emulsifiers, and wetting agents. 
Statistics on production and sales of pesticides and related products 
in 1969 are jiven in table 1. 

U.S. production of pesticides and related products in 1969 amounted 
to 1,104 million pounds--about 7.4 percent less than the 1,192 million 
pounds reported for 1968. Sales in 1969 were 929 million pounds, 
valued at $851 million, compared with 960 million pounds, valued at $849 
million, in 1968. 

The output of cyclic pesticides and related products amounted to 
819 million pounds in 1969--about 12 percent less than the 930 million 
pounds produced in 1968. Sales in 1969 were 666 million pounds, valued 
at $69 7 million, compared with 723 million pounds, valued at $69 7 mil- 
lion in 1968. The output of DDT amounted to 123 million pounds in 
1969--about 11.5 percent less than in 1968. The output of the butyl 
ester of the herbicide. 2,4-D, amounted to 3 million pounds in 1969-- 
about 90 percent less than in 1968, while the output of the butyl 
ester of the herbicide, 2,4,5-T, amounted to 258,000 pounds in 1969-- 
more than 99 percent less than in 1968. 

Production of acyclic pesticides and related products increased in 
1969, amounting to 285 million pounds, compared with the 263 million 
pounds reported for 1968. ■ Sales in 1969 were 263 million pounds, an 
increase of about 11 percent as compared with 257 million pounds in 1968; 
the value of sales increased to $154 million in 1969, compared with 
$152 million in 1968--a gain of only 1 percent. 



See also table 2 of this section which lists these products and 
identifies the manufacturers of each from the list in table 3. 



190 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 1. — Pesticides and related products: U.S. production and sales, 1969 



[Listed below are all pesticides and related products for which any reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. [Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no 
data were reported.) Table 2 lists all pesticides and related products for which data on production or sales were 
reported and identifies the manufacturer of each ] 



Sales 



Quantity 



1,000 



Grand total 

Benzenoid 

Nonbenzenoid 

PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, CYCLIC 
Total ' 

Fungicides, total 

3,S-Dimethyl-l,3,S-2H-tetrahydrothiadiazine-2-thione (DMTT)- 

Mercury fungicides, total 

Phenylmercuric acetate [PMA) 

Phenylmercuric oleate 

Other mercury fungicides 

Naphthenic acid, copper salt 

Pentachlorophenol (PCP) 

8-Quinolinol (8-Hydroxyquinoline) , copper salt 

All other cyclic fungicides^ 

Herbicides and plant hormones, total ■ 

l,2-Dihydropyridazine-3,6-dione (Maleic hydrazide) (MH) 

Phenoxyacetic acid derivatives : 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-0) 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid esters and salts, total 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, n-butyl ester 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, sec-butyl ester 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, dimethylamine salt 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, iso-octyl ester 

All other (2,4-D) esters and salts 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T) 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid esters and salts, total- 

2,4,S-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, n-butyl ester 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, iso-octyl ester 

All other (2,4,5-T) esters and salts 

2-(2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy)propionic acid (Silvex) 

All other cyclic herbicides and plant hormones^ 

Insecticides and rodenticides, total 

Aldrin-toxaphene group '' 

a-Bis(p-chlorophenyl)-6,S,e-trichloroethane (DDT) 

Organophosphorus insecticides, total 

0,0-Dimethyl 0-p-nitrophenyl phosphor'othioate (Methyl 

parathion) 

All other organophosphorus insecticides^ 

All other insecticides and rodenticides^ 

PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Fungicides, total 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, ferric salt (Ferbam) 

Ethylene bis(dithiocarbamic acid), disodium salt (Nabam) 

All other acyclic fungicides' 

Herbicides and plant hormones" 



682,094 
422,287 



100,748 



1,074 

1,475 

534 

407 

534 

1,545 

45,988 

88 

50,578 

324,221 



2,771 

47,077 

56,998 

3,403 

4,992 

22,403 

11,093 

15,107 

4,999 

11,626 

258 

4,187 

7,181 

1,597 

199,153 

394,467 



123,103 
92,458 

50,572 
41,886 
178,906 



284,945 



1,938 
37,867 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
do I laps 



851.166 



506,767 
421,896 



451,243 
399,923 



697,167 



84,384 



34,557 



1,102 

1,298 

351 

381 

566 

1,529 

40,566 

205 

39,684 

250,069 



517 
6,792 
2,467 
1,126 
3,199 

438 
5,946 

285 
20,579 

445,275 



18,786 

46,057 

2,675 

20,270 
8,384 
14,728 

5,679 

524 

2,974 

2,181 

179,547 

331,585 



5,224 
14,627 
1,200 

6,347 
2,449 
4,631 

5,963 

452 

3,393 

2,118 



217,335 



110,366 
80,305 
70,361 

32,818 
37,543 
70,553 



262,625 



50,228 
11,032 
73,190 

15,794 
57,396 
82,885 



153,999 



26,617 



1,771 

1,989 

36,274 



645 

880 

25,092 

50,395 



See footnotes at end of table. 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS 



191 



TABLE 1,-- Pesticides and related products: U.S. production and sales, 1969 — Continued 



Production 



Quantity 



Unit 
value' 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Insecticides, rodenticides, and soil conditioners and 

fumigants, total 

l,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane CDBCP) 

Methyl bromide (Bromoethane) 

All other acyclic insecticides Concluding acyclic organophos- 
phorus insecticides), rodenticides, and soil conditioners 
and fumigants' '° 



1,000 
pounds 



176,055 



1,000 
pounds 



161,503 



1,000 
dollars 



76,987 



8,611 
20,033 



147,411 



19,689 
141,814 



8,025 
68,962 



Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Includes captan, dinocap, folpet, glyodin, pentachloronitrobenzene, sodium pentachlorophenate, tri- and tetra- 
chlorophenols, (including 2,4,5-trichlorophenol and its salts) and others. 

' Includes amiben salts, barban, benefin, acetanilide compounds, dicamba, dimethylurea compounds, dinitrophenol com- 
pounds, endothal, isopropyl phenyl carbamates (IPC and CIPC), maleic hydazide (sales only), picloram, propanil, silvex 
(sales only), 2,4,5-T (sales only), triazines, trifluralin, uracils, and others. 

'* Includes sales of aldrin, chlordan, dieldrin, heptachlor, terpene polychlorinates, and toxaphene. 

' Includes azinphosmethyl, carbopheriothion, coumaphos, diazinon, dioxathion, parathion, ronnel, and other phosphoro- 
thioates and phosphorodithioates, and others. 

^ Includes aldrin-toxaphene group (production only), chlorobenzilate, DDD, dicofol, endosulfan, methoxychlor, and 
other chlorinated insecticides, carbaryl, insect attractants, DEET and other insect repellents, hexachlorocyclohexane, 
lindane, small amounts of rodenticides, synergists, and others. 

' Includes dithiocarbamates, including Ferbam (production only), maneb and zineb, dodine, mercury compounds, PETD, 
and others. 

* Includes cacodylic acid, CDAA, dalapon, methanearsonic acid's disodium salt and sodium salt, thiocarbamate, thiol- 
carbamate, and organophosphorus herbicides, sodium TCA, and others. 

' Includes DDVP, disulfoton, ethion, malathion, anled, phorate, and other organophosphorus insecticides, DBCP (sales 
only), soil conditioners and fumigants, metaldehyde (which is a mollusicide) , small quantities of rodenticides, and 
others. 

'" Acyclic organophosphorus insecticides are included with "All other acyclic insecticides" in order to establish 
an all other acyclic insecticide total without disclosing the operations of individual companies. 



192 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. 



-Pesticides and related products: Items for which U. S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1969 



[Pesticides and related products for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an 
asterisk (,*) ; chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in 
confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 
An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product ] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, CYCLIC 

*Fungicides: 

2, 6- Bis (dimethylaminomethyl)cyclohexanone 

5-Chloro-2-benzothiazolethiol, laurylpyridinium salt 

2,4-Dichloro-6- (o-chloroanilino)-s-triazine 

l,4-Dichloro-2,5-dimethoxybenzene 

2,6-Dichloro-4-nitroaniline (DCNA) 

*3,5-Diraethyl-l,3,S,2H-tetrahydrothiadiazine-2-thione 
(DMTT). 

Diphenylanunonium propionate 

2-Heptadecy 1-2- imidazoline (Glyodin) 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, monoethanolamine salt 

♦Mercury fungicides : 

N- (Ethylmercuri)-p- toluene sulfonanilide 

Hydroxymercurichlorophenol 

Methylmercury quinolinolate 

2- (Phenylmercuriamino) ethyl acetate 

*Phenylmercuric acetate (PMA) 

Phenylmercuric ammonium acetate 

■Phenylmercuric borate 

Phenylmercuric dimethyl dithiocarbamate 

Phenylmercuric hydroxide 

Phenylmercuric lactate 

Phenylmercuric naphthonate 

♦Phenylmercuric oleate 

Phenylmercuric propionate 

Tris(2-hydroxy ethyl) (phenylmercuri)ammoniuni lactate — 

All other mercury fungicides 

2- (l-Methyl-n-heptyl)-4,6-dinitrophenyl crotonate 

(Dinocap) . 
3-(2-Methylpiperidino)propyl-3,4-dichlorobenzoate 
(Piperalin) . 

*Naphthenic acid, copper salt 

Pentachloronitrobenzene (PCNB) 

*Pentachlorophenol (PCP) 

Pentachlorophenol, sodium salt 

*8-Quinolinol (8-Hydroxyquinoline) , copper salt 

2,4,5,6-Tetrachloroisophthalonitrile 

2,3,4,6-Tetrachlorophenol 

N-Trichloromethylthio-4-cyclohexene-l,2-dicarboximide 
(Captan) . 

N-Trichloromethylthiophthalimide (Folpet) 

2,4,S-Trichlorophenol acid and salts: 

2, 4,5-Trichlorophenol 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenol, ethanolamine salt 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenol , sodium salt 

2,4,6-Trichlorophenol ' 

Other cyclic fungicides 

♦Herbicides and plant hormones: 

3-Amino-2,5-dichlorobenzoic acid, sodium salt 

4-Amino-3,5,6-trichloropicolinic acid (Picloram) 

5-Bromo-3-sec-butyl-6-methylu?acil (Bromacil) 

3- tert- Butyl- 5- chloro- 6- methyl uracil 

N-Butyl-N-ethyl-a,a,a-trifluoro-2,6-dinitro-p-toluidine 
(Benefin) . 

2-Butynyl-4-chloro-m-chlorocarbanilate (Barban) 

2-Chloro-4,6-bis Cethylamino)-s-triazine (Simazine) 

2-Chloro-4,6-bis (isopropylamino)-s-triazine (Propazine) 
2-Chloro-2 ' ,6 ' -diethyl-N- (methoxymethyl)acetanilide 

(CDMA) . 
2-Chloro-4-ethylamino-6-isopropylamino-s-triazine 
(Atrazine) . 



MRK. 
VNC. 
CHG. 
DUP. 
UP J. 
MRK, OTC, SF, WRC. 

MRK. 
UCC. 

VNC. 



DUP. 
DUP. 
MRK. 
CLY. 
BKM, 
MAL, 
WRC. 
WRC. 
MRK. 
MRK, 
MRK. 
CLY, 
MRK. 
CLY. 
MAL. 
RH. 

LIL. 

CCA, 

OMC, 

DOW, 

DOW, 

FIS, 

DA. 

DOW. 

CHO. 

CHO. 



CLY, MRK, TRO, VIN, WRC. 
TRO. 



WRC. 

HNX, MRK, TRO, WRC. 



FER, HNX, MCI, SHP, SRR, TRO, WTC . 

OTC. 

FRO, MON, RCI, SFD. 

HON, RCI. 

HNX, MON, MRK. 



DA, DOW, HK, HPC. 

GAF. 

DOW. 

DOW, RBC. 

BKM, ORO. 

GAF. 
DOW. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
LIL. 

GOC. 
GGY. 
GGY. 
MON. 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS 



193 



TABLE 2. — Pesticides and related products: Items for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, CYCLIC— Continued 

•Herbicides and plant hormones — Continued 

2-Chloro-N-isopropyl acetanilide 

N'- (4-Chlorophenoxy)phenyl N,N-dimethylurea 
(Chloroxuron) . 

3- (p-Chlorophenyl)-l, 1-dimethylurea (Monuron) 

3-(p-Chlorophenyl)-l,l-diraethylurea trichloroacetate 

3-Cyclohexyl-5,5-trimethyleneuracil 

2, 6-Di-tert-butyl-p-tolylmethyl carbamate 

2,5-Dichloro-3-aminobenzoic acid, ammonium salt 

3,5-Dichloro-2-anisic acid (Dicamba) 

2,4-Dichlorobenzyltributylphosphonium chloride 

2,5-Dichloro-3-nitrobenzoic acid 

2,S.-Dichloro-3-nitrobenzoic acid, methyl ester 

3- (3,4-Dichlorophenyl)-l,l-dimethylurea (Diuron) 

3-(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)-l-methoxy-l-inethylurea (Linuron)- 

2,4-Dichlorophenyl-4-nitrophenyl ether 

3' ,4'-Dichloropropionanilide (Propanil) 

*l,2-Dihydropyridazine-3,6-dione (Maleic hydrazide) (MH)- 
N- Cbeta-0,0-Diisopropyl-dithiophosphorylethyl) -benzene 
sulfonamide (Bensulide). 

N,N- Dimethyl- 2, 2-diphenylacet amide (Diphenamid) 

l,l-Dimethyl-3-phenylurea (Fenuron) 

Dimethyl- tetrachloroterephthalate 

Dinitrobutylphenol (DNBP) 

Dinitrobutylphenol, ammonium salt 

Dinitrobutyl phenol, triethanoTamine salt 

Dinitrocresol (DNOC) 

Dinitrocresol, sodium salt 

2-Ethylamino-4-isopropylamino-6-methylmercapto-s- 
triazine (Ametryne) . 

S-Ethyl cyclohexylethylthiocarbamate 

S-Ethyl hexahydro-lH-azepine-l-carbothioate (MolinateJ — 

Gibberellic acid 

3- CHexahydro-4,7-methanoindan-5-yl)-l,l-dime thy 1 urea 
CNorea) . 

3-Indolebutyric acid 

Isopropyl N-(3-chlorophenyl)carbaniate [CIPC) 

Isopropyl N-phenylcarbamate (IPC) 

Methyl 2-chloro-9-hydroxyfluorene-9-carboxylate 

1- (2-Methylcyclohexyl)-3-phenylurea (Siduron) 

2-Methylmercapto-4,6-bis (isopropylamino)-s-triazine 
(Prometiyne). 

4- (Methylsulfonyl)-2,6-dinitro-N,N-dipropylaniline 

1-Naphthaleneacetic acid and derivatives : 

1-Naphthaleneacet amide 

1-Naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) 

1-Naphthaleneacetic acid, methyl ester 

1-Naphthaleneacetic acid, sodium salt 

N-1-Naphthylphthalamic acid (NPA) 

7-Oxabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane-2,3-dicarboxylic acid, di- 

sodium salt (Endothall). 
Phenoxyacetic acid derivatives : 

4-Chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid (MCPA) 

4-Chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid, potassium salt 

*2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) 

*2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid esters and salts: 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 2-butoxyethyl ester- 
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, butoxypolypropylene- 
glycol ester. 

*2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, n-butyl ester 

*2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, sec-butyl ester 

*2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, dimethylamine salt--. 
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, ethanolamine and iso 
propanolamine salt. 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, ethyl ester 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 2-ethylhexyl ester--- 

*2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, iso-octyl ester 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, isopropyl ester 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, lithium salt 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, sodium salt 



HON. 
CBA. 

DUP. 

ACN. 

DUP. 

HPC. 

AMC, 

VEL. 

SM. 

GAP. 

GAP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

RH. 

CIS, 

ACY, 

SF. 



MON, RH. 

ASL, CHF, FMT, USR. 



ARA, CWN, UPJ. 

DUP. 

DA. 

CIS, DOW, FMN. 

DOW. 

CIS, DOW, FMN. 

CIS. 

CIS, FMN. 

GGY. 

SF. 

SF. 

ABB, MRK. 

HPC. 

ARA. 
PPG. 
PPG. 
USB. 
DUP. 
GGY. 

SHC. 

AMC. 

AMC, THM. 
AMC. 

AMC, BKL. 
USR. 
PAS. 



CLY, 
GTH. 
DA, 

AMC. 
DOW. 

AMC, 
DOW, 
ALC, 
DOW. 

AMC. 

DA, 

DOW, 

AMC, 

GTH. 

RIV, 



RDA. 
DOW, HPC, MON, RDA. 



DA, HPC, MON, PBI, RIV, WOD. 

MON, RDA. 

AMC, DA, DOW, HPC, PBI, RDA, RIV, TMH, WOD. 



HPC. 
MON, PBI, RDA, RIV, WOD. 
DOW, HPC, MON, RIV. 



194 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2, --Pesticides and related products: Items for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1969 --Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, CYCLIC— Continued 

*Herbicides and plant hormones — Continued 
Phenoxyacetic acid derivatives — Continued 

*2,4,S-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,S-T) 

*2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid esters and salts: 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, amyl esters 

2,4,S-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 2-butoxyethyl 

ester. 
2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyyacetic acid, butoxypoly- 
propyleneglycol ester. 
*2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, n-butyl ester — 
2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 2-ethylhexyl 
ester. 
*2,4,S-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, iso-octyl ester- 

2,4,S-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, sodium salt 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, tri ethyl amine 
salt. 
Polychloro-tetrahydro-methanoindene (Polychlorodicyclo- 
pentadiene) isomers . 

*2- (2,4,S-Trichlorophenoxy)propionic acid (Silvex) 

2- (2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy)propionic acid esters and 
salts: 
2- (2,4,S-Trichlorophenoxy)propionic acid, 2-ethyl- 
hexyl ester. 
2- (2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy)propionic acid, isooctyl 
ester. 
a,a,a-Trifluoro-2,6-dinitro-N,N-dipropyl-p-toluidine 

(Trifluralin). 
3- (m-Trifluoromethylphenyl)-l, 1-dimethylurea 
(Fluometuron) . 

Tris- C2,4-dichlorophenoxyethyl)phosphite (2,4-DEP) 

Insect attractants and repellants: 

tert-Butyl 4(or S)-chloro-2-methylcyclohexanecarboxy- 
late (Trimedlure) . 

N,N-Diethyltoluamide (DEET) 

Di-n- propyl isocinchomeronate 

*Insecticides : 

3- sec- Amy Iphenyl-N- methyl carbamate 

2-sec-Butyl-4,6-dinitrophenyl-3,3-dimethylacrylate 

(Binapacryl) . 
2- Cp-tert-Butylphenoxy)cyclohexyl-2 ' -propynyl sulfite-- 

o-sec-Butylphenyl N-methyl carbamate 

Chlorinated insecticides: 
•Aldrin-toxaphene group: 

Heptachloro-tetrahydro-endo-methanoindene 

(Heptachlor) . 
Hexach loro- epoxy- oct ahydro- endo- endo-dimethano- 

naphthalene (Endrin) . 
.Hexach loro- epoxy- octahydro-endo-oxo-dimethano- 

naphthalene (Dieldrin). 
Hexach loro-hexahydro- endo- exo-dimethanonaphthalene 
(Aldrin). 

Octachloro-hexahydro-methanoindene (Chlordan) 

Terpene poly chlorinates 

Toxaphene (Chlorinated camphejie) 

2,2-Bis(p-chlorophenyl)-l,l-dichloroethane (DDD) 
(TDE). 

l,l-Bis(p-chlorophenyl)-2-nitrobutane 

1, 1-Bis (p-chlorophenyl)-2-nitropropane 

•a-Bis(p-chlorophenyl)6,B,6-trichloroethane (DDT) 
2- (p-tert-Butylphenoxy)isopropyl-2'-chloroethyl 
sulfite. 

Chlorobenzilate 

p-Chlorophenyl p-chlorobenzenesulfonate (Ovex) 

o-Chlorophenyl-N-methyl carbamate 

p-Chlorophenyl 2,4,5-trichlorophenyl sulfone 

(Tetradifon). 
Decachlorooctahydro-l,3,4-metheno-2H-cyclobuta- [cd] 
pentalen-2-one. 



DA, DOW, HPC, HON, THM. 



HPC. 
AMC. 



DA, HPC, MON, PBI, RIV, WOD. 
DA, HPC. 

DOW, MON, PBI, RIV, THM, TMH, WOD. 

RIV. 

DOW, HPC, RIV. 

VEL. 

DOW, HPC, TMH. 

HPC. 

RIV. 

LIL. 

CBA. 

USR. 

UOP. 

HPC, PFZ. 
MGK. 



USR. 
OTC. 



VEL. 
VEL. 
SHC. 



VEL. 
HN. 
HPC. 
ACN, 

COM. 
COM. 
ACN, 
USR. 

GGY. 
DOW. 
OTC. 
FMN, 



DA, LEB, MTO, OMC . 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS 



195 



TABLE 2. — Pesticides and related products: Items for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1969- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, CYCLIC--Continued 

*Insecticides — Continued 

Chlorinated insecticides- -Continued 

1,1-Dichloro- 2, 2-bis(p-ethylphenyl) ethane 

4,4'-Dichloro-a-trichloromethylbenzhydrol (Dicofol) 

2,6-Diraethyl-3,5-dichloro-4-pyridinol 

Dodecachlorooctahydro-l,3,4-metheno-2H-cyclobuta-£cd] 
pentalene (MirexJ . 

Hexachlorocyclohexane (Benzene hexachloride) (BHC) 

Hexachlorocyclohexane, 100% y-isomer (Lindane) 

Hexachloro-hexahydro-methano-benzodioxathiepin 3-oxide 

(Endosulfan) . 
l,l,l-Trichloro-2,2-bis (p-raethoxyphenyl) ethane 
(Methoxychlor) . 
2,3-Dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranyl methylcarbamate- 

Isobornyl thiocyanoacetate 

0-Isopropylphenyl N-methyl carbamate 

1-Naphthyl N-methylcarbaraate (Carbaryl) 

*Organophosphorus insecticides: 

4-tert-Butyl-2-chlorophenylmethyl methylphos- 

phoramidite. 
S-[[(p-Chlorophenyl)thio]methyl] 0,0-diethyl phosphor- 

odithioate (Carbophenothion) . 
2-Chloro-l- (2,4,S-trichlorophenyl)vinyl dimethyl 

phosphate. 
0,0-Diethyl 0-3-chloro-4-methyl-l-oxo-2H-l-benzopyran- 

7-yl-phosphorothioate (Coumaphos) . 
0,0-Diethyl 0- (2-isopropyl-4-methyl-6-pyrimidinyl) 

phosphorothioate (Diazinon) . 
0,0-Diethyl 0-p- (methylsulfinyl)phenyl phosphoro- 
thioate. 
0,0-Diethyl 0-p-nitrophenyl phosphorothioate 

(Parathion) . 
0,0-Diethyl 0-3,5,6-trichloro-2 pyridyl phosphoro- 

thiate. 
0,0-Dimethyl S- (p-chlorophenylthio)methyl phosphoro- 

dithioate. 
0,0-Dimethyl 0-[4- (methylthio)-m-tolyl] phosphoro- 
thioate (Fenthion). 
*0,0-Dimethyl 0-p-nitrophenyl phosphorothioate (Methyl 
parathion) . 
0,0-Dimethyl S- [4-0X0-1, 2, 3-benzotriazin-3(4H)- 
ylmethyl] phosphorodithioate. 

0,0-Dimethyl S-phthalimidomethyl phosphorodithioate 

Dimethyl 2,4,5-trichlorophenyl phosphorothionate 

(Ronnel) . 
2,3-p-Dioxane S,S-bis (0,0-diethylphosphorodithioate) 

(Dioxathion) . 
a-Methylbenzyl 3- (dimethoxyphosphinyloxy)-cis- 

crotonate. 
0,0,0',0'-TetTamethyl 0,0 '-thiodi-p-phenylene phos- 
phorodithioate . 

N- (Phenyl- 2-nitropropyl)piperi dine 

m-Tolyl-N-methylcarbamate 

Other cyclic insecticides 

Neraatocides: 

0,0-Diethyl 0-(2,4-dichlorophenyl) phosphorothioate 

0,0-Diethyl 0-2-pyrazinyl phosphorothioate (Thionazin) — 
*Rodenticides: 

3- (oi-Acetonylbenzyl)-4-hydroxycoumarin (Warfarin) 

2-Diphenylacetyl-l,3-indandione (Diphacinone) 

2-piphenylacetyl-l,3-indandione, sodium salt 

2-Pivaloyl-l,3-indandione (Pindone) 

Synergists and adjuvants: 

a- [2- (2-n-Butoxyethoxy)-ethoxy]-4,S-methylenedioxy-2- 
propyltoluene (Piperonyl butoxide) . 



RH. 

DOW. 

ACN. 

HK. 
HK. 

HK. 

CHF, DUP. 

FMN. 
HPC. 

OTC. 
UCC. 

DOW. 

SF. 

SHC. 

CHG. 

GGY. 

CHG. 

AMP, MON, SF, 

DOW. 

SF. 

CHG. 

AMP, MON, SF, VEL. 

CHG. 

SF. 
DOW. 

HPC. 

SHC. 

ACY. 

MRK. 
OTC. 
ORO. 

SM. 
ACY. 

ABB, MOT, PEN. 

NES. 

NES. 

MOT, PIC. 

ALP, BKL, FMN, FMP. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



-Pesticides and related products: Items for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
[according to list in table 3J 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, CYCLIC--Continued 

Synergists and adjuvants--Continued 

N-(2-Ethylhexyl)bicyclo (2.2.1) -5-heptene-2,3-di- 
carboximide. 

Piperonal bis[2-C2-butoxyethoxy)ethyl]acetal 

All other ^^ 

All other cyclic pesticides and related products 

PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, ACYCLIC 

*Fungicides : 

Bis -1,4-broiiioacetoxy- 2- butane 

Cadmium succinate 

l-ChlQro-2-nitropropane (Korax) 

Dimethyl thiocarbonyl disulfide 

Dis odium cyanodithioimi do carbonate 

Dithiocarbamic acid fungicides: 

*Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, ferric salt (Ferbam) 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, manganese salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, potassium salt 

Ethylene bis (dithiocarbamic acid), diammonium salt 

*Ethylene bis (dithiocarbamic acid), disodium salt 
(Nabam) . 
Ethylene bis (dithiocarbamic acid), manganese salt 
(Maneb) . 

Ethylene bis (dithiocarbamic acid), zinc salt (Zineb) 

All other 

n-Dodecylguanidine acetate (Dodine) 

Mercury fungicides: 

Chloromethoxypropylmercuric acetate 

Ethylmercury phosphate 

3-Methyl(mercurithio)-l,2-propanediol 

Methyl mercuric hydroxide 

Methylmercury nit rile 

Polyethylenethiuram disulfide (PETD) 

All other 

*Herbicides and plant hormones: 

Cacodylic acid 

2-Chloroallyl diethyldithiocarbamate (CDEC) 

2,3-Dichloroallyl diisopropylthiolcarbamate (Diallate) 

2,2-Dichloropropionic acid, sodium salt (Dalapon) 

N- Dime thy 1 ami nosuccin ami c acid 

Ethyl -N,N-diisobutylthiolcarbamate 

S-Ethyl di-N,N-propylthiocarbamate (EPTC) 

Ethyl xanthogen disulfide 

Methanearsonic acid, disodiijm salt (DSMA) 

Methanearsonic acid, dodecyl- and octylammonium salts 

Methanearsonic acid, monosodium salt (MSMA) 

S-Propyl butylethylthiocarbamate (Pebulate) 

S-Propyl dipropylthiocarbamate (Vernolate) 

S,S,S-Tributyl phosphorotrithioate 

Tributyl phosphorotrithioate 

Trichloroacetic acid, sodium salt (TCA) 

S-2,3,3-Trichloroallyl N,N-diisopropyl thiol carbamate 
(Tri-allate). 
*Insecticides : 

2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethyl thiocyanate 

Met aldehyde 

Organophosphorus insecticides: 

S-[l,2-Bis(ethoxycarbonyl)ethyl] 0,0-dimethyl phos- 
phorodithioate (Malathion) . 

2-Carbomethoxy-l-propen-2yl dimethyl phosphate 

l-Chloro-diethylcarbamoyl-l-propen-2yl -dimethyl 

phosphate (Phosphamidon) . 
l,2-Dibromo-2,2-dichloroethyl dimethyl phosphate 

(Naled). 
0,0-Diethyl S-2- (ethylthio)ethyl phosphorodithioate 

(Disulfoton). 
0,0-Diethyl 0-2- (ethylthio)ethyl phosphorothioate 

(Demeton 0) . 
0,0-Diethyl S-2- (ethyl thio)ethyl phosphorothioate 

(Demeton S) . 
0,0-Diethyl S- (ethylthio)methyl phosphorodithioate 
(Phorate). 



MGK. 
PEN. 
CHG, GGY. 



VIN. 
MAL. 
FMN. 
CLY. 
BKM. 



DUP, FMN, VNC, WRC. 

FMN. 

BKM. 

CIS, RBC. 

CIS, FMN, RH. 

DUP, RH. 

DUP, FMN, Rll. 

VNC. 

ACY. 

TRO. 
CHF. 
DUP. 
MRT. 
WRC. 



ASL, 

MON. 

MON. 

DOW. 

USR. 

SF. 

SF. 

RBC. 

ASL, CLY, DA, VIN. 

CLY, VIN. 

ASL, DA. 

SF. 

SF. 

ClIG. 

SM. 

DOW. 

MON. 



COM. 

ACY. 

SHC. 
CBA, SM. 

SHC. 

CHG. 

CHG. 

CHG. 

ACY. 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS 



197 



TABLE 2. 



-Pesticides and related products: Items for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1969- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

'Insecticides- -Continued 

Organophosphorus insecticides — Continued 

3- CDimethoxyphosphinyloxy}-N,N-dimethyl-cis- 
crotonamide . 

0,0-Dimethyl-0-2,2-dichlorovinyl phosphate (DDVP) 

0, 0-Dimethy 1 (l-hydroxy-2 , 2 , 2-trichloroethyl}phosphonate 

(Trichlorfon) . 
0,0-Dimethyl S- (N-methylcarbamoylmethyl) phosphoro- 

dithioate (Dimethoate) . 
Dimethyl phosphate of 3-hydroxy-N-methyl-cis- 

crotonamide. 
S-[2-CEthylsulfinyl)ethyl] 0,0-dimethyl phosphoro- 

dithioate (Oxydemetonmethyl) . 
0,0,0',0'-Tetraethyl S,S'-methylene bisphosphoro- 
dithioate (Ethion). 

Tetraethyl pyrophosphate (TEPP) 

Tetra-n-propyl dithiopyrophosphate (ASPON) 

2-Thiocyanoethyl dodecanoate 

All other 

Nematocide: 

0-Ethyl S,S-dipropyl phosphorodithioate 

2-Methyl-2- (methylthiojpropionaldehyde 0- (methylcarba- 
moyljoxime (TeniikJ . 

*Rodenticides : Sodium fluoracetate 

*Soil conditioners: Polyacrylonitrile, hydrolyzed, sodium 

salt. 
*Soil fumigants: 

*l,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 

1,3-Dichloropropene 

1,3-Dichloropropene, 1,2-dichloropropane 

*Methyl bromide (Bromomethane) 

N-Methyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt (Metham) 

Trichloronitromethane (Chloropicrin) 



SHC. 
CHG. 

ACY. 

SHC. 

CHG. 

FMN, FMP. 

ALC, AMP. 

SF. 

RH. 

BFG. 

SM. 
UCC. 

RBC. 
ACY. 



AMP, BST, DOW, SHC. 

DOW. 

DOW, SHC. 

AMP, DOW, GTL, MCH. 

CHF, SF. 

DOW, IMC. 



198 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 3. — Pesticides and related products: Directory of manufacturers, 1969 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


ABB 


Abbott Laboratories 


MAL 


Mallinckrodt Chemical Works 




ACN 


Allied Chemical Corp., Agricultural Div. 


MCH 


Michigan Chemical Corp. 




ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. 


MCI 


Mooney Chemical Corp. 




ALC 


Alco Chemical Corp. 


MGK 


McLau?hlin, Gorraley § King Co. 




ALP 


Alpha Laboratories, Inc. 


MON 


Monsanto Co. 




■Afic 


Amch em Products, Inc. 


MOT 


Motomco, Inc. 




AMP 


American Potash 5 Chemical Corp., 


MRK 


Merck § Co., Inc. 






Subsidiary of Kerr-McGee Corp. 


MRT 


Morton Salt Co., Morton Chemical Co. 




ARA 


Arapahoe Chemicals Div. of Syntex Corp. 




Div. 




ASL 


Ansul Chemical Co. 


MTO 


Montrose Chemical Corp. of Calif. 




BFG 


B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich 


NES 


Nease Chemical Co., Inc. 






Chemical Co. Div. 


OMC 


Olin Mathieson Chemical Corp. and 

Agricultural Div. 
Chevron Chemical Co. 




BKL 


Millmaster Onyx Corp., Millmaster Chem- 
ical Co. Div., Berkeley Chemical Dept. 


ORO 




BKM . 


Buckman Labs., Inc. 


OTC 


Ott Chemical Co. 




BST 


Occidental Chemical Co. 


PAS 


Pennwalt Chemicals Corp. 




CBA 


CIBA Corp., CIBA Agrochemical Co. 


PBI 


Gordon Corp. 




CCA 


Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc., Advance 


PEN 


CPC International, Inc., Penick Div. 






Div. 


PFZ 


Pfizer, Inc. 




CHF 


Chemical Formulators, Inc. 


PIC 


Pierce Organics, Inc. 




CHG 


Chemagro Corp. 


PPG 


PPG Industries, Inc. 




CHO 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Calhio Chemical, 










Inc. Div. 


RBC 


Roberts Chemicals, Div. of Security Chemical, 


CIS 


Chemical Insecticide Corp. 




Inc. 




-CLY 


W. A. Cleary Corp. 


RCI 


Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 




COM 


Commercial Solvents Corp. 


RDA 


Rhodia, Inc. 




CWN 


Upjohn Co., Carwin Organic Chemicals 


RH 
RIV 


Rohm S Haas Co. 
Riverdale Chemical Co. 




DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. 








DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. 


SF 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Agricultural Div. 




DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours § Co., Inc. 


SFD 
SHC 


Sonford Chemical Co. 

Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 




PER 


Ferro Corp., Ferro Chemical Div. 


SHP 


Shepherd Chemical Co. 




PIS 


Fisher Chemical Co., Inc. 
FMC Corp. : 


SM 


Mobil Oil Corp., Mobil Chemical Co. Div. 
Industrial Chemical Div. 




FMN 


Niagara Chemical Div. 


SRR 


Stresen-Reuter International, International 


PMP 


Organic Chemicals Div. 




Minerals 6 Chemical Corp. 




PMT 


Fairmount Chemical Co. 








FRO 


Vulcan Materials Co., Chemical Div. 


THM 
TMH 


Wm. T. Thompson Co. , Thompson Chemicals 
Thompson-Hayward Chemical Co. 


Div. 


GAF 


GAF Corp., Dyestuff § Chemical Div. 


TRO 


Troy Chemical Co. 




GGY 


Geigy Chemical Coi^). 








GOC 


Gulf Oil Corp., U.S. Gulf Oil Chemical 


UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 






Dept. 


UOP 


Universal Oil Products Co., UOP Chemical 




GTH 


Guth Chemical Co. 




Div. 




GTL 


Great Lakes Chemical Corp. 


UPJ 
USB 


Upjohn Co. 

U.S. Borax Research Corp. 




HK 


Hooker Chemical Corp. 


USR 


Uniroyal, Inc., Chemical Div. 




HN 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc.: 








HNX 


Nuodex Div. 


VEL 


Velsicol Chemical Corp. 




HPC 


Hercules, Inc. 


VIN 
VNC 


Vineland Chemical Co. 
Vandeibilt Chemical Corp. 




IMC 


International Minerals S Chemical Corp. 


WOD 


Missouri Chemical Co. 




LEB 


Lebanon Chemical Corp. 


WRC 


Wood Ridge Chemical Corp. 




LIL 


Eli Lilly S Co. 


WTC 


Witco Chemical Co., Inc. 





Note. --For complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies, refer to table 1 in the Appendix^ 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



199 



The term miscellaneous chemicals comprises those synthetic organic 
products that are not included in the use groups covered by the other 
preliminary reports in the 1969 series. They include products that 
are employed in a great variety of uses. The number of chemicals 
used exclusively for only one purpose is not large. Among the prod- 
ucts covered are those used for gasoline and lubricating oil additives, 
paint driers, photographic chemicals, tanning materials, flotation 
reagents, refrigerants, textile polymers, sequestering agents, organic 
fertilizers, antifreeze chemicals, solvents, and acyclic intermediates. 
Statistics on production and sales of miscellaneous chemicals in 1969 
are given in table 1; table 2 lists these products and identifies the 
manufacturers . 

Production of miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals in 1969 
totaled 75.7 billion pounds, or 12 percent more than the output of 67.5 
billion pounds reported for 1968. Sales of miscellaneous chemicals 
in 1969 amounted to 34.8 billion pounds, valued at $4.0 billion, com- 
pared with 30.4 billion pounds, valued at $3.9 billion, in 1968. 

The total output of miscellaneous cyclic chemicals in 1969 was 1.9 
billion pounds, or 6.0 percent more than the output of 1.8 billion pounds 
reported for 1968. Sales in 1969 totaled 860 million pounds, valued 
at $325 million, compared with 903 million pounds, valued at $320 mil- 
lion, in 1968. In 1969 the most important groups of cyclic compounds 
were the lubricating oil additives, the output of which was 580 million 
pounds , and synthetic tanning materials , the output of which was 40 
million pounds . 

Total production of miscellaneous acyclic chemicals in 1969 was 
73.8 billion pounds, or 12 percent more than the output of 65.7 billion 
pounds reported for 1968. Sales in 1969 totaled 33.9 billion pounds, 
valued at $3.7 billion, compared with 29.5 billion pounds, valued at 
$3.6 billion, in 1968. The statistics for acyclic chemicals are grouped 
primarily by chemical function. The order of precedence of these 
junctional groups is generally that used in naming and indexing chemical 
compounds by Chemioal Abstracts ^ but other important considerations are 
comparability with other statistics and the need for groupings that will 
not reveal the operations of individual producers . 

In 1969, the most important groups of acyclic chemicals were the 
halogenated hydrocarbons, the nitrogenous compounds, monohydric alco- 
hols, and aldehydes and ketones. Production of halogenated hydrocarbons, 
which are used as solvents, intermediates, refrigerants, and aerosol 
prope Hants, totaled 16.2 billion pounds. The most important chemicals 
in this group were dichloroethane (production of 6.0 billion pounds in 
1969 compared with 4.8 billion pounds in 1968) and vinyl chloride (3.7 
billion pounds compared with 3.0 billion pounds). Output of nitrogen- 



200 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



ous compounds totaled 13.3 billion pounds. The most important chemical 
in this group was urea (used principally in fertilizers and as a feed 
additive), production of which was 5.9 billion pounds in 1969, compared 
with 4.9 billion pounds in 1968. 

Monohydric alcohols, which are used largely as solvents and 
intermediates, were the third largest group in 1969, with production 
of 11. 2 billion pounds. The most important items in the group in 
terms of production were synthetic methanol (4.2 billion pounds in 
1969, compared with 3.8 billion pounds in 1968), synthetic ethyl alcohol 
(2.4 billion pounds in 1969, compared with 2.1 billion pounds in 1968) 
and isopropyl alcohol (2.0 billion pounds in 1969, compared with 2.1 
billion pounds in 1968). Aldehydes and ketones, which are also used 
largely as solvents and intermediates, were the next largest group with 
production of 10.0 billion pounds. The most important items in this 
group in 1969 were formaldehyde (4.4 billion pounds), acetaldehyde 
(1.7 billion pounds), and acetone (1.5 billion pounds). 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 
TABLE 1. --Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1969 



[Listed below are all miscellaneous chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data 
were reported. Table 2 lists all miscellaneous chemicals for which data on production or sales were reported 
and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Quantity 



Unit 
value' 



Grand total 

MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

Total 

Benzoic acid, sodium salt 

Benzoyl peroxide 

Butyl benzoate 

Cyclohexanone peroxide 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol: 

Food grade 

Tech 

Enzymes 

Flotation reagents 

Gasoline additives, total 

N,N'-Di-sec-butyl-p-phenylenediamine 

All other' 

Hexamethylenetetramine, tech t — 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid esters: 

Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

Lubricating oil and grease additives, total 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, barium salt 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

All other 

4-Methylmorpholine 

Morpholine 

Naphthenic acid salts, total'* ^ 

Calcium naphthenate 

Cobalt naphthenate 

Lead naphthenate 

Manganese naphthenate 

Zinc naphthenate 

All other ' 

Photographic chemicals: 

Benzotriazole 

p-Diethylaminobenzenediazonium (p-Diazo-N,N-diethyl- 

aniline], zinc chloride salt ■ 

p- [Ethyl C2-hydroxyethyl)amino]beTizenediazoniu'<' chloride 

Pinene, total 

a-Pinene 

B-Pinene 



1,000 
pounds 



75,719.978 



1,000 
pounds 



34,781,981 



1,000 
dollars 



4,018,422 



1,905,569 



9,745 

6,694 

2,647 

35 

6,282 
22,230 

6,513 

25,809 



2,549 
23,260 



97,027 



759 
251 



580,326 



23,700 
204,491 
146,258 
205,877 

183 
21,258 

28,062 



1,927 
3,977 
18,055 
1,510 
1,393 
1,200 



50,077 
26,705 



324,968 



9,464 
6,464 
1,908 



5,920 
17,453 
(2) 



1,531 
16,812 



726 
232 



65,122 
63,134 
158,393 

176 
19,283 

26,360 



1,823 
3,838 
16,564 
1,741 
1,281 
1,113 



57,986 



38,549 
19,437 



2,859 

6,106 

810 



3,372 
9,195 
25,362 



13,720 



1,335 
12,385 



1,137 

477 



63,754 



17,223 
14,084 
32,447 

224 
6,726 

7,178 



572 
1,885 
3,122 
481 
332 
786 



209 
104 



6,869 



4,134 
2,735 



See footnotes at end of table. 



202 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 1. --Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales , 196 9- -Continued 



Quantity 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 



Tall oil salts, total 

Calcium tallate 

Cobalt tallate - 

Iron tallate 

Lead tallate 

Manganese tallate 

All other 

Tanning materials, synthetic, total 

2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate 
and salts 

All other 

All other miscellaneous cyclic chemicals 

MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Celtulose Esters and Ethers 

Total- 

Cellulose esters, total 

Cellulose acetate ■ 

All other 

Cellulose ethers, total 

Sodium carboxymethylcellulose, 100% 

All other 

Lubricating Oil Additives 

Total 

Phosphorodithioates (Dithiophosphatesl 

Sulfurized lard oil 

All other 

Nitrogenous Compounds 

Total^ 

Acrylonitrile 

Amines , total 

Butylamines, total 

n-Butylamine, mono- 

Di-n-butylamine 

Diisobutylamine 

All other 

Ethylamines: 

Ethylamine, mono 

Diethylamine 

Triethylamine 

Ethylenediamine 

1,6-Hexanediamine (Hexamethylenediamine) 

Methyl amines: 

Methylamine, mono 

Dimethyl amine 

Trimethylamine 

Propylamines: 

n-Propylamine, mono- 

Diisopropylamine 

Di-n-propyl amine 

All other- 

See footnotes at end of table. 



8,858 



797 
2,394 

102 
4,377 

850 

338 

40,164 



37,438 
2,726 



73,814,409 



1,147,917 



827,075 
198,423 



122.419 



61,586 
60,833 



105,077 

3,147 

390,040 



13,289,747 



1,156,585 
996,330 



3,015 
7,640 
15,521 

15,482 
9,900 

55,591 
663,066 

22,214 
73,982 
21,194 

211 

4,479 

9,622 

94,413 



1,000 
pounds 



8,165 



1,000 
dotlars 



534 
2,441 



3,978 
848 
364 



145 
1,077 

791 
213 
104 

9,162 



36,702 
2,620 



284,162 



33,922,1002 



7,581 
1,581 



153,639 



3,693.454 



141,355 



228,999 



62,349 
53,458 



156,387 



76,720 
64.615 



26,254 
38,361 



25,841 

2,735 

127,811 



7,339,424 



8,221 

440 

22,470 



561,632 



257,907 



65,950 



60,611 



20,434 
1,584 
2,330 
8,035 
8,485 

14,780 
4,919 
5,633 

47,565 



14,811 
35,142 
14,896 

260 

'3,666 

8,569 

87,232 



5,198 

575 

769 

2,104 

1,750 

2,153 

1,146 

1,977 

10,082 



1,286 
3,650 
1,474 

165 

819 

2,384 

30,277 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



203 



TABLE 1. --Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 196 9- -Continued 



Quantity 



MISCELL/\NEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

Nitrogenous Compounds--Continued 

2-(2-Ajninoethylamino)ethanol (Auinoethy lethanol amine)--- 

l.l'-Azobisformamide 

Caprolactam (2-Oxohexamethylenimine) 

2-Dimethylaminoethanol 

Erucamide 

Ethanolamines, total 

2-Aniinoethanol CMonoethanolamine) 

2,2'-Iminodiethanol (Diethanol amine) 

2,2' ,2' '-Nitrilotriethanol CTriethanolamine) 

2-Methyllactonitrile (Acetone cyanohydrin) 

Nitriloacids and salts, total 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid, pentasodium 
salt 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid, sodium salt-- 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid 

CEthylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetrasodium salt 
(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo)triacetic acid, tri- 

sodium salt 

All other 

Oleamide (Octacene amide) 

Pentaerythritol tetranitrate 

Sarcosine 

Stearamide 

Stearic acid - ethyl enedi amine condensate (amine/acid 
ratio 1/2). 

Urea in compounds or mixtures (100% basis), total 

In feed compounds 

In liquid fertilizer 

In solid fertilizer 

All other 

All other nitrogenous compounds 

Aoids, Aayl Halides and Arihydrides 

Total 

Acetic acid, synthetic, 100% 

Acetic anhydride, 100% 

Acrylic acid 

Adipic acid 

Butyric acid 

Chloroacetic acid, mono- 

Dodecenylsuccinic anhydride 

Fumaric acid 

Gluconic acid, tech 

Lauroyl chloride ■ 

Maleic anhydride 

Palmitoyl chloride 

Propionic acid 

All other acids, acyl halides and anhydrides 

Salts of Orgccnia Aaids 

Total 

Acetic acid salts, total 

Copper acetate 

Potassium acetate 

Sodium acetate 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



8,690 
3,780 



3,863 

2,011 



255,139 



91,515 
76,726 



540,165 
108,093 



2,491 



31,330 



5,659 
68,613 



5,447 

2,417 

787 

18,307 



(7) 5,944,309 



670,926 
2,210,680 
2,703,564 

359,139 

4,243,824 



1,769,598 
1,675,114 



64,229 

1,750 

47,108 

3,325 

5,109 

200,708 

283 

41,216 

634,379 



253,158 



30.517 



197 
3,285 
18,379 



1,000 
•pounds 



6,678 
3,268 
450,299 
2,510 
1,934 

211,145 



1,000 
dollars 



2,610 
3,262 
80,029 
1.126 
1,905 

26.100 



69 , 377 
65,409 
76,359 



8.632 
7,217 
10,251 



2,158 

264 

1,288 

22,659 

4,396 



3,928 
3,641 
1,635 
792 
17,419 



5,315,428 



697 
7,148 



1,628 



792 

2,908 

695 

348 

5,135 



(e) 133.779 



681,697 
1,989,831 
2,427,497 

216,403 

470,443 



1,213,635 



19,387 

40,032 

68,101 

6,259 

303,473 



180,432 



425,787 

145,272 

13,197 

119,072 

981 

1.832 

45,931 

3,655 

120,667 

16,653 
320.588 



26,131 
13,777 
3,591 
18,735 
254 

800 
8,260 
1,086 



1,525 
88,627 



78,712 



217 
2,539 



174 
766 



204 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 1. --Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1969— Continued 



Quantity 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 
Salts of Opganio Aoids--Continued 



Acetic acid saIts--Continued 

Zinc acetate 

Zirconiiiin aci.*"ate 

All other 



2-Ethylhexanoic aci. Co. Ethylcaproic acid) salts, total - 

Calcium 2-ethylhexanoate 

Cobalt 2-ethylhexanoate 

Lead 2-ethylhexanoate 

Manganese 2-ethylhexanoate 

Zinc 2-ethylhexanoate 

All other 



Formic acid, airanonium salt 

Gluconic acid, sodium salt, tech 

Linoleic acid salts'* 

Mercaptoacetic (Thioglycolic) acid, salts- 

Oleic acid, copper salt ' 

Polyacrylic acid salts 

Propionic acid salts: 

Calcium propionate 

Sodium propionate 



Stearic acid salts, total's- 

Aluminum stearates, total 

Aluminum distearate 

Aluminum monostearate and tristearate- 

Calcium stearate 

Magnesium stearate '■ 

Zinc stearate 

All other 



All other salts of organic acids 

Aldehydes and Ketones 



Total- - - 
Acetaldehyde- 



Acetone, total 

From cumene 

From isopropyl alcohol- 
All other 



2-Butanone (Methyl ethyl ketone) 

Chloral (Trichloroacet aldehyde) 

Formaldehyde (37% by weight) 

4-Hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone (Diacetone alcohol)- 

4-Methyl-2-pentanone (Methyl isobutyl ketone) 

All other aldehydes and ketones 



Aloohols, monohydpio, Unsubstituted 



Total- 



Alcohols, Cj or lower, unmixed, total 

Butyl alcohols: 

n-Butyl alcohol (n-Propylcarbinol) — 
Isobutyl alcohol (Isopropylcarbinol)- 

Ethyl alcohol, synthetic'"- 

2-Ethyl-l-hexanol 



1,000 
pounds 



791 
7,865 
5,133 



1,000 
pounds 



643 
215 



254~ 

1,434 

872 

167 

688 

1,708 

15 

14,814 

268 

3,303 

54 
4,213 

13,393 



62,765 



5,401 

7ET 

1,699 



1,000 
dollars 



240 

80 

5,754 

3,323 



160 

618 

1,791 



14,496 

257 

3,154 

4,470 

12,635 
4,494 

52,652 



103 
1,188 

361 
52 

319 
1,300 



4,909 



2,751 
1,003 



17,797 



4,545 
3,772 
773 
26,860 
3,129 
17,821 
10,410 

118,683 



4,303 

3,566 

737 

24,656 

2,865 
15,154 

5,674 

92,555 



3,974,229 



1,610 
1,329 
281 
7,989 
1,103 
5,266 
1,829 

32,959 



211,035 



1,651, f 



1,078,472 



870,887 
58,005 

484,372 

62,355 

4,397,801 

77,511 

200,511 

1,601,617 



11,150,255 



485,893 
553,310 
39 , 269 

423,708 

1,607,188 

33,863 

164,986 

666,012 



21,582 

27,956 

1,480 

40,789 

.37,151 
4,333 
20,411 
57,333 



10,490,130 



4,604,265 



245.087 



404,725 

100,664 

2,361,109 

404,504 



256,194 

90,232 

1,215,264 

201,141 



22,321 

5,865 

71,034 

20,013 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



205 



TABLE 1. --Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1969--Continued 



Quantity 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

Alcohols, Monohydrio, Vnsiibstituted- -ContimieA 

Alcohols, Cg or lower, unmixed — Continued 

Hexyl alcohol 

Iso-octyl alcohols ■ 

Isopropyl alcohol 

Methanol, synthetic 

1- (and 2-)0ctanol -- 

Propyl alcohol (Propanol) 

All other 

Alcohols, Ci5 and higher, unmixed, total 

Decyl alcohols 

1-Hexadecanol and other hexadecyl alcohols- 

Stearyl and other octadecyl alcohols 

1-Tridecanol 

All other : 

Mixtures of alcohols, total 

Cg and lower, only 

Cjo and higher, only 

Cg to Ci2 and others" 

Polyhydnc Alcohols and Their Esters and Ethers 
Total 

Polyhydric alcohols, total 

Ethylene glycol 

2-Methyl-2,4-pentanediol (Hexylene glycol) 

2-Methyl-2-propyl-l,3-propanediol 

Pentaerythritol 

Propylene glycol Cl,2-Propanediol) 

Sorbitol 

All other 

Polyhydric alcohol esters 

Polyhydric alcohol ethers, total 

2-Butoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether) 

2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol monobutyl 

ether) 

Diethylene glycol ; 

Dipropylene glycol 

2-Ethoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether) 

2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol monoethyl 

ether) 

2-[2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene glycol 

monoethyl ether) ' 

2-Methoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether) 

2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol monomethyl 

ether) 

2- [2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene 

glycol monomethyl ether) 

Polyethylene glycol 

Polypropoxy ethers, total 

Glycerol tri(polyoxypropylene) ether 

All other 

Polypropylene glycol 

Triethylene glycol 

All other ethers of polyhydric alcohols 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



13,711 
108,516 
2,013,552 
4,205,886 
28,148 
68,059 
781,256 

244,511 



1,000 



162,256 
12,925 



56,244 
415,614 



49,778 
320,779 
45,057 



5,532,270 



3,666,318 



2,570,947 
42,355 

92,017 
460,565 

95,048 
405,386 

183,983 

1,681,969 



103,931 

17,188 
288,664 

47,920 
137,158 

28,948 

20,396 
114,717 

13,166 

16,445 
42,957 
368,965 
194,450 
174,515 
225,638 
90,705 
165,171 



5,259 

82,920 

850,790 

1,620,906 

7,192 

58,086 

216,281 

112,756 



1,000 
dollars 



601 
8,372 
49,920 
43,454 
1,459 
6,381 
15,067 

17,835 



58,353 

7,393 

7,832 

29,068 

10,110 

339,999 



6,088 
1,751 
1,414 
5,301 
3,281 

44,202 



31,949 
248,916 
59,134 



4,243,509 



2,822,178 



1,936,013 

11 
73,881 

411,173 
84.372 

316,728 

187,179 
1,234,152 



90,861 

10,440 
204,875 
38,119 
65,487 

22,691 

8,824 
79,713 

8,646 



3,842 
32,717 
7,643 



484,194 



123,963 

14 
16,996 
37,550 
16,620 
69,518 

37,412 

182,121 



15,026 

2,434 
15,572 
4,117 
9,564 

3,585 

1,874 
10,614 

1,021 



41,039 


9,409 


313,450 


51,320 


163.266 


24,728 


150,184 


26,592 


69,529 


9,910 


280,478 


47,675 



206 SYNTHETIC ORGA>?IC CHEMICALS, 1969 

TABLE 1. --Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. procluction and sales, 196 9- -Continued 



Production 



Quantity 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 
Esters of Monohydrio Alcohols 
Total 

n-Butyl acetate, unmixed 

Butyl aery late 

Dibutyl maleate 

Diethyl carbonate (Ethyl carbonate) 

Dioctyl maleate 

Distearyl 3,3'-thiodipropionate 

Ethyl acetate, 85% 

Ethyl aery late 

2-Ethyl-l-hexyl aery late 

Iso-oetyl mereaptoaeetate 

I sop ropy 1 acetate 

Methyl esters of tallow 

Methyl methaerylate 

Phosphorus acid esters, not elsewhere specified 

Propyl acetate 

Vinyl acetate 

All other 

Halogenated Hydrocarbons 

Total 

Bromoeihane (Ethyl bromide) 

Carbon tetrachloride 

Chlorinated paraffins 

Chlorodifluoromethane 

Chloroethane (Ethyl chloride) 

Chloroform 

Chloromethane (Methyl chloride) 

1, 2-Dibromoethane (Ethylene dibromide) 

Diehlorodifluoromethane 

1, 2-Dichloroethane (Ethylene dichloride) 

Dichloromethane (Methylene chloride)- 

lodoethane (Ethyl iodide) 

lodomethane (Methyl iodide) 

Tetraehloroethylene (Perchloroethylene) 

1, 1, 1-Trichloroethane (Methylchloroform) 

Trichloroethylene 

Trichlorofluoromethane 

Vinyl chloride, monomer (Chloroethylene) 

All other halogenated hydrocarbons 

All Other Miscellaneous Aayalio Chemicals 

Total 

2-Butanone peroxide • 

tert- Butyl hydroperoxide 

tert-Butyl peroxide (Di-tert-butyl peroxide) 

Carbon disulfide 

Epoxides, ethers, and acetals: 

Ethylene oxide 

Ethyl ether, all grades 

Propylene oxide 

Lauroyl peroxide 

Organo-silicort polymers 

Phosgene (Carbonyl chloride) » 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 



2,284,952 



58,803 

64,724 

11,254 

1,202 

4,061 

906 

167,414 

199,720 

33,146 

4,624 

273 

433,293 

41,926 

21,080 

729,480 

513,026 



1,743 
882,735 
61,935 

678,808 

216,168 

402,809 

309,943 

367,658 

6,037,428 

366,005 

19 

22 

635,251 

324,311 

596,821 

238,518 

3,735,942 

1,330,197 



1,654 
798,661 

3,407,733 

103,157 

1,177,280 

2,449 

63,894 

505,023 



1,000 
pounds 



1,045,798 



1,000 
dollars 



178,288 



58,984 

33,548 

9,604 

1,298 

3,537 

860 

138,791 

68,115 

27,009 

4,333 

44,951 

357 

29,767 

15,137 

292,629 

316,878 



7,899,651 



7,109 

6,434 

1,698 

500 

716 

813 

11,649 

12,556 

6,562 

2,512 

4,867 

48 

13,656 

1,866 

29,074 

78,228 



677,396 



1,880 
785,884 
59,124 
77,938 
267,503 
172,177 
166,146 

335,409 

1,226,845 

338,107 

16 

21 

611,625 

29 8,873 

561,536 

203,652 

2,358,741 

434,174 



2,429,219 



749 
42,698 

7,584 
43,319 
16,599 
10,807 

8,729 

85,203 
36,345 
25,891 
39 
63 
42,529 
33,288 
39,626 
37,476 
103,100 
143,351 



704.926 



2,973 

317 

1,494 

508,478 

437,528 

151,388 

2,344 

48,874 



3,529 

412 

1,431 

22,268 

32,833 

12,933 

1,951 

79,265 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



207 



TABLE 1. --Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1969- -Continued 



Quantity 



Unit 
value' 



1,000 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC- -Continued 

All Other Misaellcmeous Aoyolia Chemicals — Continued 

Sodium formaldehyde sulfoxylate 

Sodium methoxide (Sodium methylate) 

Tetraethyllead 

Tetramethyllead'^ 

TetraCmethyl-ethyl) leads 

Zinc formaldehyde sulfoxylate 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 



4,751 


4,270 


9,862 


6,430 


370,821 


365,189 


76,061 




430,531 


424,358 


750 


752 


773,989 


474,824 



'1, 000 
dollars 



1,040 

1,549 

192,602 

235,729 

323 

119,061 



Per 
pound 



).24 
.24 
.53 



the 



the 



Calculated from rounded figures. 
Not available. 

Statistics exclude production and sales of tricresyl phosphate. Statistics on tricresyl phosphate are given in 
"Plasticizers" report. 
Quantities are given on the basis of solid naphthenate, tallate, or linoleate content. 

Statistics exclude production and sales of copper naphthenate. Statistics on copper naphthenate are given in 
"Pesticide and Related Products" report. 
' Statistics exclude production and sales of fatty amines. Statistics on fatty amines are given in the "Surface- 
Active Agents" report. 

' Production of urea in primary solution totaled 5,952,266 thousand pounds. 
° Includes estimated values for sales of urea in nitrogen compounds. 

' Statistics exclude production and sales of potassium and sodium stearates. Statistics on these stearates are 
Included in the "Surface-Active Agents" report. 

Statistics on production of ethyl alcohol from natural sources by fermentation are issued by the Alcohol Tax Unit, 
U.S. Internal Revenue Service. 

'^ Of the total production, about 60% consisted of alcohols lower than Cij and about 40% consisted of alcohols higher 
than C 1 . 
'^ Compared with a revised production of 117,000,000 pounds in 1968. 
'^ Includes production for use in synthesis of tetraCmethyl-ethyl) leads. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969 



[Nliscellaneoijs chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked with an asterisk (*] 
chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not 
be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 3. An x signifies that the 
manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

Acetylcyclohexanesulfonyl peroxide 

Adenosine and derivatives 

2-Aminoben2othiazole 

l-(2-Aminoethyl)pipera2ine 

l-C3-Aiidnopropyl)morpholine 

Ainyl p-dimethylaminobenzoate 

Anis aldehyde bisulfite 

Arylalkyl phosphites 

*Benzoic acid, sodium salt 

p-Benzoquinone (p-Quinone) 

Benzothiazole 

*Benzoyl peroxide . 

Biological stains 

Bis-aminopropylpiperazine 

Bis C2,4-dichlorobenzoyl) peroxide 

2,4-Bis(4-hydroxy-3,5-di-tert-butylphenoxy)-6-(n-octyl- 
thio) -1,3, 5- tri azine . 

Bis (2-hydroxypropoxyphenyl) methane 

2,4-Bis (n-octylthio) -6- (4 '-hydroxy- 3' ,5' -di-tert-butyl- 
anilino) -1,3, 5-triazine . 

Boron fluoride-phenol complex 

4-Bromoacetoxyinethyl-m-dioxolane 

*Butyl benzoate 

p-tert-Butylbenzoic acid, barium bis-salt 

2 (and 33-tert-Butyl-4-methoxyphenol 

tert-Butyl peroxybenzoate 

4-tert-Butylphenyl salicylate 

4-tert-Butylpyrocatechol 

Camphene 

Cellulose acetate phthalate 

Centralite-1 (N,N'-Diethyl-N,N'-diphenylurea) 

Chemical indicators 

Chemical reagents 

Chloramine B (Sodium derivative of N-chlorobenzenesulfon 

amide) . 
l-(3-Chloroallyl)-3,5,7-triaza-l-azoniaadamantane 
chloride. 

o-Chlorobenzamalononitrile 

Chlorophyllin, sodium-potassium- copper 

Cobalt phthalocyaninedisulfonate 

Cumene hydroperoxide 

1,3- (and l,4-)Cyclohexadiene 

*Cyclohexanone peroxide 

Cyclohexene-l,2-dicarboxylic acid (Tetrahydrophthalic 
acid) disubstituted, polyester salts: Barium and 
cadmium salts. 

Cyclohexene 

Cyclohexenone and cyclopentenone 

1,4-Cyclohexylenedimethaiiol 

Cycldiexyl p-toluenesulfonate 

Cyclopropane 

Cytidine and derivatives 

Decahydronaphthalene (Decalin) 

Decyl diphenyl phosphite 

Dehydroacetic acid, sodium salt 

Pi ami nohexanitrobiphenyl 

Diaminotri nitrobenzene 

2,5-Di-tert-ainylhydroquinone 

Diamylphenyl hydrogen phosphate 

l,4-Diazabicyclo(2.2.2)octane 

Diazodinitrophenol 

2,5-Di(benzoylperoxy)-2,5-dimethylhexane 



SHL. 
MON, PFZ, VEL, WSN. 

CAD, NOC, RCI, UPR, WTL. 



WTL. 

PLB, 

FMT. 

JCC, 

JCC. 

TOD. 

GIV, 

WES. 

HN, 

EKT. 

ACY. 

AZT, 

ACS, 

JCC. 

CAD, 

GGY. 

JCC. 
GGY. 

ACS. 
EFH. 
PFZ, 
CCA. 
EKT. 
AZT, 
DOW. 
BKL, 
GLD, 

X. 

OTC, 
ACS, 
ACS, 
NES. 

DOW. 



NCA. 

KCH. 

ACS. 

ACP, HPC, RCI. 

ALD. 

AZT, NOC, WTL. 

RCI. 



EK. 

ALD. 

EKT. 

ARS. 

OH, OMS, TAE. 

PLB. 

DUP. 

X. 

GAN. 

NCA. 

NCA. 

EKT. 

SM. 

HOU. 

HPC. 

UPR, WTL. 



TCC, VEL. 



UPR, WTL. 

DOW. 
HPC. 

PAS. 

EK, FIN, GFS, LAM. 

ARA, CLB, EK. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



209 



TABLE 2.- 



- Miscellaneous chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufecturer. 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Dibromodimethylhydantoin 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-CTesol : 

♦Food grade 

*Tech 

2,5-Di-teTt-butylhydroquinone 

Di-tert -butyl diperoxyphthalate 

Dichloro-s-triazine-2,4,6ClH,3H,5H)trione (Dichloroiso- 
cyanuric acid), and salts. 

4,4'-Dichloro-3-trifluoromethylcarbonalide 

Dicyclohexyl ammonium nitrite 

Diethylamine salt of octylphenyl (and butoxyethyl) acid 
phosphate. 

2,4-Dihydroxybenzophenone 

2,2'-Dihydroxy-4,4'-dimethoxybenzophenone 

3,S-Dihydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-l,2-peroxycyclopentane 

2,6-Dihydroxyisonicotinic acid (2,6-Dihydroxy-4-carboxy- 
pyridine) . 

2,2'-Dihydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone 

2,2'-Dihydroxy-4- (octadecyloxyjbenzophenone 

3,5-Diiodosalicylic acid 

Diisopropylbenzene hydroperoxide 

Diisopropyl-m,p-cresols 

p-Dimethoxybenzene CDimethyl ether of hydroquinone) 

2,6-Diniethylmorpholine 

4,4-Dinitrocarbanilide-4,6-dimethyl-2-pyrimidinol 

Di-n-octadecyl-3,S-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl phospho- 

nate. 
1 , 2-Dioctylcyclobutane-3,4-bis (octamethylene isocyanate) 

Dioxane ( 1, 4- Di ethylene oxide) 

Dioxin 

2,5-Diphenyl-p-benzoquinone 

Dipropylene glycol salicylate 

Dithioammilide, monoethanolamine salt 

4- (Dodecyloxy) -2-hydTOxybenzophenone 

♦Enzymes : 

Hydrolytic: 

Amylases 

Proteases 

Other 

Nonhydrolytic 

Ethyl cellulose phthalate -r 

Ethylenediaminedi(o-hydroxyphenylacetic acid), ferric 
sodium salt. 

4-Ethylmorpholine 

♦Flotation reagents : 

Dicresylphosphorodithioic acid (Dicresylthiophosphoric 
acid) . 

Dicresylphosphorodithioic acid, airanonium salt 

Dicresylphosphorodithioic acid, sodium salt 

2,2'-Dimethylthiocarbanilide (Di-o-tolylthiourea) 

Rosin amines 

Thiocarbanilide (Diphenylthiourea) 

Fluorinated benzenoid chemicals 

Furan derivatives : 

2-Furaldehyde (Furfural) 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol 

Gallic acid 

♦Gasoline additives : 

N,N'-Bis(l,4-dimethylpentyl)-p-phenylenediamine 

6-tert-Butyl-o-cresol 

tert-Butylphenols , mixed 

2,6-Di-tert-butylphenol 

N,N'-Di-sec-butyl-o-phenylenedi amine 

♦N,N'-Di-sec-butyl-p-phenylenedi amine 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-a-dimethylamino-p-cresol 

2,6-Diethylaniline 

N,N'-Diisopropyl-p-phenylenediamine 

N,N'-Disalicylidene-l,2-propanediamine 

Methylcyclopentadienylmanganese tricarbonyl 



ARA. 

ASH, HPC, KPT, PRD, SHC. 

ASH, EKT, HPC, KPT, PRD, SHC. 

EKT. 

WTL. 

FMB, MON. 

GGY. 
CMC. 
SM. 

DUP. 
GAF. 
WTL. 
EK. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

MRT. 

HPC. 

GIV. 

ASL, EKT, GAF, UOP. 

DOW. 

MRK. 

GGY. 

OTC. 

DOW, UCC. 

GIV. 

EKT. 

SBC. 

ACY. 

DUP, EKT. 



BAX, CRN, GRP, MLS, OMS, PMP, RH, WBC. 

ARC, BAX, COM, GRP, MLS, PD, PFZ, PMP, WBC. 

ARC, BAX, GRP, MLS, OMS, RH, WBC. 

ARC, MLS, PLB, WBC. 

EK. 

GGY. 



BRD, 


JCC. 




ACY. 






ACY. 






KCU. 






DUP. 






HPC. 






ACS, 


ACY. 




PIC. 






QKO. 






QKO. 






HAL. 






EKT. 






TNA. 






TNA. 






TNA. 






X. 






DUP, 


EKT, 


UPM. 


TNA. 






TNA. 






DUP, 


X. 




DUP, 


EKT, 


TX, UPM 


TNA. 







210 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. —Miscellaneous chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC--Continued 

♦Gasoline additives — Continued 

4,4'-MethylenebisC2,6-di-tert-butylphenol) 

4,4'-ThiobisC6-tert-butyl-o-cresol) 

2,2'-Thiobis(6-tert-butyl-p-cresol) 

l,3,S-TrisC3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl]mesitylene- 



Other- 



Glyceryl p-aminobenzoate 

Glyceryl tribenzoate 

Guanosine phosphates 

♦Hexamethylenetetramine, tech 

Hexanitrostilbene 

Homomenthyl salicylate 

Hydrindantin 

o-(2-Hydroxy-p-anisoyl)benzoic acid 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid esters: 

Benzyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

Butyl p-hydroxybenzoate (Butylparaben) 

Ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate (Ethylparaben) 

n-Heptyl p-hydroxybenzoate (Heptylparaben)- 
*Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate (Methylparaben}--- 
*Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate (Propylparaben) --- 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Other- 



2-Hydroxy-4-niethoxybenzophenone 

2-Hydroxy-4-methoxy-5-sulfobenzophenone trihydrate 

2-Hydroxy-4-n-octoxybenzophenone 

Hydroxyphenylbenzotriazole derivatives 

2-Hydroxypropyl p- (N,N-bis-2-hydroxypropylamino)benzoate 

l-Hydroxy-2-pyridine (Omadine) 

2-Imidazolidinethione (1,3-E thy lene- 2- thiourea) 

1,2,3-Indantrione monohydrate (Ninhydrin) 

Inosine phosphates 

Isobutyl vinyl ether - toluene, xylene polymers 

Isocyanuric acid 

Isopropyl-o-cresols 

p-Isopropyl-a-methylcinnamaldehyde-* 

Isopropylinorpholine 

Ketene dimer 

♦Lubricating oil and grease additives: 

Chlorosulfurized and sulfurized compounds: 

Heterocyclic compounds, sulfurized 

Tall oil ester, sulfurized 

Terpenes, sulfurized 

Other 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonates: 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, ammonium salt 

*Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, barium salt 

*Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, magnesium salt 

*Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

Phenol salts : 

Barium salt of nonylphenol ' 

Calcium salt of octylphenol- formaldehyde 

Other 

All other 

Maleic anhydride half esters, vinyl ether copolymers 

p-Men thane 

8-p-Menthyl hydroperoxide 

p-Methoxybenzylidenemalonic acid, diethyl and dimethyl 
esters . 

4-Methoxyphenol 

Methylaziridine 

2,2'-Methylenebis(4-chlorophenol) (Dichlorophene) 

2,2'-Methylenebis(3,4,6-trichlorophenol) (Hexachlorophene)- 

Methyl gal late 

Methylglucoside 

*4-Methylmorpholine 

Methyl phenyl phosphates 

l-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone, monomer 

*Morpholine 



TNA. 








TNA. 








ASH. 








TNA. 








EKT, 


TNA, 


UPM 


X. 


VND. 








VEL. 








PLB. 








BOR, 


DUP 


HKD 


HMP, HN, PLS, UCC 


NCA. 








ARS. 








HEX. 








ACY. 








RSA. 








HN, 


LEM. 






HN, 


LEM, 


WSN. 




WSN. 








ARS, 


HN, 


LEM, 


WSN. 


ARS, 


HN, 


LEM, 


WSN. 


HN, 


WSN. 






ACY, 


GAP 






ACY. 








ACY. 








GGY. 








SHL. 








OMC. 








PAS. 








HEX. 








PLB. 








GAP. 








FMB, 


HON 






CP. 








GIV 








JCC 








EKT 








ORO 








LUB 








LUB 








LUB 


SOI 







CO. 

CO, LUB, TX. 

CO, ENJ, LUB, ORO, SHO, TX, WTC. 

CO. 

CO, ENJ, M3R, PAR, SHO, SOC, SOI, WTC. 

ENJ, CCA. 

SHC. 

ENJ, GOC, LUB, MON, ORO, SIN, TX, x. 

ENJ, GOC, LUB, MON, ORO, SIN, x. 

GAP. 

HPC. 

HN, HPC. 

ACY. 

ASL, EKT. 

ARS. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

HSH. 

CRN. 

BRD, JCC, UCC. 

TNA. 

GAP. 

DOW, JCC, UCC. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



2U 



TABLE 2. — Miscellaneous chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Morpholine salt of p-toluenesulfonic acid 

*Naphthenic acid salts : 

Aluminum naphthenate 

Barium naphthenate 

Cadmium naphthenate 

*Calcium naphthenate 

Cerium naphthenate 

Cobalt lead manganese naphthenate 

*Cobalt naphthenate 

Iron naphthenate 

Lead manganese naphthenate 

*Lead naphthenate 

Lithium naphthenate — : 

♦Manganese naphthenate 

Nickel naphthenate 

Rare earths naphthenate 

Sodium naphthenate 

Strontium naphthenate 

*Zinc naphthenate 

o-Nitrobenzoic acid and sodium salt 

Octadecyl 3- C3,S-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate — 

Organic mercury compounds: Phenylmer curie borate 

Pentaerythritol tetrabenzoate 

Phenolthiosulfonic acid 

2-Phenoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monophenyl ether) 

2- (2-Phenoxyethoxy5ethanol (Diethylene glycol phenyl ether) 

2-Phenoxypropanol 

2,2'-(p-Phenylene)diethanol 

m-Phenylene isonaphthalamide 

Phenyl hydrogen phosphate 

5-Phosphonylribose-l-pyrophosphate 

Photographic chemicals: 

N-(o-Acetamidophenethyl)-l-hydroxy-2-naphthamide 

2-(4-Amino-N-ethyl-m-toluidino)ethyl sulfate 

3-Amino-l,2,4-triazole 

*Benzotriazole 

p-Benzylaminophenol hydrochloride 

2-Chloro-N,N-diethyl-p-phenylenediamine hydrochloride 

3-Chloro-4-diethylaminobenzenediazonium salts (p-Diazo- 
2-chloro-N,N-diethylaniline salts) . 

Chlorohydroquinone 

2,4-Diaminophenol dihydrochloride (Amidol) 

2,5-Dibutoxy-4-morpholinobenzenediazonium salts 

2,5-Diethoxy-4-morpholinobenzenediazonium salts 

2,5-Diethoxy-4-thiocresoldiazonium salts 

*p-Diethylaminobenzenediazonium (p-Diazo-N,N-diethyl- 
aniline) zinc chloride salt. 

N,N-Diethyl-p-phenylenediamine hydrochloride 

N,N-Diethyltoluene-2,5-diamine, monohydrochloride 

2,5-Dihydroxy-p-benzenedisulfonic acid salts ^- 

2,5-Dihydroxybenzenesulfonic acid 

p-Dimethylaminobenzenediazonium chloride (p-Diazo-N,N- 

dimethylaniline) - zinc chloride. 
4-(2' ,6'-Dimethylmorpholinyl)benzenediazonium chloride - 
zinc chloride. 

p-Diphenylaminediazonium sulfate 

p-(N-Ethylbenzimido)benzenediazonium chloride (p-Diazo- 

N-benzyl-N-ethylaniline) - zinc chloride. 
*p- [Ethyl (2-hydroxyethyl)amino]benzenediazonium chloride-- 

N-Ethyl-N-hydroxyethyl-p-phenylenediamine sulfate 

N-Ethyl-N-(6-methanesulfonamidoethyl)toluene-2,S-di- 
amine sulfate. 

Hydroquinone (Hydroquinol) 

p- ((2-Hydroxyethyl)methylamino)benzenediazonium chlor- 
ide (p-Diazo-N-hydroxyethyl-N-methylaniline) - zinc 
chloride. 
4-Methoxy-l-naphthol ■ 



AMB. 

HSH, WTC. 

CCA, MCI. 

CCA. 

CCA, CCC, PER, HNX, HSH, MCI, SHP, SRR, TRO, WTC. 

SHP. 

HNX. 

CCA, CCC, PER, HNX, HSH, MCI, SHP, SRR, TRO, WTC. 

CCA, CCC, HNK, HSH, MCI, WTC. 

CCA. 

CCA, CCC, CCW, PER, HNX, HSH, MCI, SHP, SRR, TRO, 

TX, WTC. 
CCA, MCI. 

CCA, CCC, PER, HNX, HSH, MCI, SHP, SRR, TRO, WTC. 
CCA. 
CCA. 
CCA. 
CCA. 

CCA, CCC, PER, HNX, HSH, MCI, SHP, SRR, TRO, WTC. 
WAY. 
GGY. 
TRO. 
VEL. 
GAP. 

DOW, JCC. 
DOW. 
JCC. 
EKT. 
DUP. 

HDG, SM. 
PLB. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

FMT. 

EK, FMT, MRT. 

EK. 

IDC. 

ESA, FMT. 

EK. 

VPC. 

ESA. 

ESA, FMT, GAP, IDC. 

FMT. 

ESA, FMT, GAF, IDC, MRT. 

EKT, FMT. 
EKT, IDC. 



FMT, IDC. 

IDC. 

FMT. 
ESA, MRT. 

ESA, FMT, IDC. 
FMT, IDC. 
EKT. 

EKT. 

ESA, FMT, IDC. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. —Miscellaneous chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969— Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC--Continued 

Photographic chemicals--Continued 

p-Methylaminophenol sulfate 

5-Methylbenzotriazole ' 

4-Methyl-l-phenyl-3-pyrazolidinone 

4-Morpholinylbenzenediazonium salts 

6-Nitrobenzimidazole 

Octylphenyl salicylate 

Phenyl-S-mercaptotetrazoIe 

l-Phenyl-3-pyrazolidinone 

4-Phenylpyrocatechol 

Polyvinyl cinnamate 

2-Resorcylic monoethanol amide 

4,4'-Thiodiresorcinol (Diresorcyl sulfide) 

l-C2,4,6-Trichlorophenyl)-3-(4-nitroanilino)-2-pyrazo- 
lin-5-one. 

All other 

Phthalic acid, lead salt, dibasic 

Picramic acid, sodium salt 

*Pinene C"- and B-) 

Piperazine, ethoxylated 

Piperonal, sodium bisulfite complex 

Poly-4-C2-acryloxyethoxy)-2-hydroxybenzophenone 

Polyethylene terephthalate 

Polyvinyl phthalate 

Propyl gal late 

Pyrogallol (Pyrogallic acid) 

Resorcinol monobenzoate 

Rosin acid salts : 

Aluminum resinate 

Calcium resinate 

Copper resinate 

Iron resinate 

Lead resinate 

Manganese resinate 

Zinc resinate 

Salicylanilide 

Salicylic acid, lead salt 

Sodium cresoxide (Cresylic acid, sodium salt) 

Sucrose benzoate 

Sulfosalicylic acid 

*Tall oil salts (Linoleic-rosin acid salts): 

Barium zinc tallate 

Calcium manganese tallate 

*Calcium tallate 

*Cobalt tallate 

Copper tallate 

*Iron tallate 

Lead manganese tallate 

*Lead tallate 

*Manganese tallate 

Zinc tallate 

Tannic acid 

*Tanning materials, synthetic: 

Hydroxytoluenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate 

fCresol-formaldehyde sulfonate), sodium salt. 
*2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate 
and salts . 
l-Phenol-2-sulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate 

(Phenol-formaldehyde, sulfonated) . 
Styrene maleic anhydride interpolymer, partial sodium 

salt. 
Sulfonyldiphenolsulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate- 
All other 

Tetrabromobisphenol A 

2,3,S,6-Tetrachloro-4- (methylsulfonyl)pyridine 

1,2,3,4-Tetrahydronaphthalene (Tetralin) 

Tetrahydrothiophene 

Tetrahydrothiophene-l,l-dioxide (Sulfolane) 

Tetrakis [methylene-3- (3'5'-di-tert-butyl-4'-hyd^oxy- 
phenol)propionate]methane. 



EK. 

EK, FMT. 

WAY. 

FMT, IDC. 

EK, FMT. 

EKT. 

FMT. 

GHY, WAY. 

X. 

WAY. 
FMT. 
BKC. 
EKT. 



EK, EKT, FMT, 


SDC. 




ARZ, 


CBY, GLD, 


GAF. 




SHL. 




ACY. 




DUP, 


EK. 


EK. 




EKT, 


HN, HSH. 


HSH, 


MAL. 


EKT. 




JMS. 




JMS. 




JMS. 




HSH, 


JMS. 


JMS. 




JMS, 


WVA. 


JMS. 




DUP, 


FIN, LEM 


NTL. 




DEX, 


GOC. 


VEL. 




LEM, 


MON, MRK 


HSH 




MCI 





IDC, X. 



HN, HPC, NCI. 



WTC. 



CCA, CCC, HNX, HSH, MCI, SRR, TRO, WTC. 

CCA, CCC, FER, HNX, MCI, SHP, SRR, TRO, 

CCA, MCI, SHP. 

CCA, MCI, SHP, SRR, WTC. 

HSH, MCI. 

CCA, CCC, FER, HNX, HSH, MCI, SHP, SRR, TRO, WTC. 

CCA, CCC, FER, HNX, HSH, MCI, SHP, SRR, TRO, WTC. 

HSH, MCI. 

MAL. 

GGY. 

AKS, DA, GRD, RH, TCD. 

RH. 

DUP. 

GAF. 

AKS, GGY. 
GTL. 
DOW. 

DUP, UCC. 
PAS. 
PLC. 
GGY. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Items- for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

1,3,6,8-Tetranitrocarbazole 

Tetraphenyltin 

Textile chemicals, other than surface-active agents: 

l,3-BisChydroxy7nethyl)-2-imidazolidone (Dimethylolethyl- 
ene urea) . 

4-Decyloxy-2-hydroxybenzophenone 

N ,N'-Diphenyl-1 ,2-propanediaiiiine 

1-C(0ctadecyloxy)methyl)pyridinium chloride 

Phenol, sulfurated 

Tetrahydro-3,S-bis(methoxymethyl)-4H-l,3,5-oxadiazin- 
4-9ne Cl,3-Bis (niethoxymethyl)uron) . 

2,2' ,4,4'-Tetrahydroxybenzophenone 

All other 

2,2'-Thiobis C4-chlorophen6l) 

2,2'-ThiobisC4,6-dichlorophenol) 

(2,2'-ThiobisC4-octylphenolate))-n-butylamine nickel 

Thiophene 

o-Toluidine formaldehyde hydrochloride 

o-Tolylbiguanide ■ 

Trial lyl cyanurate 

Triaryl phosphites 

3,4' ,5-Tribromosalicylanilide 

.3,4' ,5-Tribromosalicylanilide and 4,S-Dibromosalicylanilide 
mixtures. 

3,4,4'-Trichlorocarbanilide 

Trichloromel amine 

l,3,S-Trichloro-s-triazine-2,4,6ClH,3H,5H)trione (Tri- 
chloroisocyanuric acid) . 

Tri-(m,p-cresyl) borate 

Tricyclohexyltin hydroxide 

Tri methyl ami noe thy Ipiperazine 

3,5,5-Trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-2-one CIsophorone) 

2,4,6-Trinitroresorcinol, lead derivative 

s-Trioxane 

Triphenylphosphine 

Triphenyl phosphite 

Triphenyl sulfonium chloride 

Triphenyltin 

Uridine derivatives 

l-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone, monomer and polymer 

l-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone - acrylamide copolymer 

1- Vinyl- 2-pyrrolidinone - vinyl acetate copolymer 

l-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone - other copolymers 

MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

Cellulose Esters and Ethers 

*Cellulose esters; 

*Cellulose acetate 

Cellulose acetate butyrate 

Cellulose acetate propionate 

Cellulose propionate 

Nitrocellulose (Cellulose nitrate) 

*Cellulose ethers: 

Ethyl cellulose 

Ethylhydroxyethylcellulose 

Hydro xyethylcellulose 

Hydroxypropylcellulose 

Methyl cellulose , 

*Sodium carboxymethylcellulose, 100% 

Sodium carboxymethylhydroxyethylcellulose 

All other 

Liibriaating Oil Additives 

*Phosphorodithioates (Dithiophosphates) : 

Zinc di (butylhexyl) phosphorodithioate 

Zinc dihexyl phosphorodithioate 

All other 



ACY, AKS. 

GAP. 
SNW 
DUP. 
GAP. 



GAP. 

CIB, GAP, x. 

GIV. 

SDH. 

ACY. 

PAS. 

RBC. 

MON. 

ACY. 

WES. 

DOW, PIN, PCW. 

PIN. 

MON. 

AMB, GAP, NES, WTH. 

MON. 

USB. 
x. 

JCC. 

ENJ, UCC. 
REM. 
CEL. 
CCW, X. 
HK, MON. 
PIS. 

PLB. 
GAP. 
GAP. 
GAP. 
GAP. 



AV, 


CEL, DUP, EKT. 








EKT. 










EKT. 










CEL. 










DUP, 


HPC. 








DOW, 


X. 








X. 










UCC, 


X. 








X. 










DOW. 










BUK, 


DUP, HPC, KON, 


UCC, 


WMP, 


WYN 


X. 










KCH, 


UCC. 









ORO. 

MON, SIN. 

ENJ, LUB, MON, SIN, 



214 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3^ 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC — Continued 
Lubricating Oil Additives --Co-ntirmed 



Svlfurized butenes — 
Sulfurized lard oil — 
Sulfurized sperm oil- 
All other 



Nitrogenous Compounds 



Acetamide 

Acetamidine hydrochloride 

Acetamidoethanol (N-Acetyl-ethanolamine) 

Acetone s end carb azone 

Acetonitrile 

*Acrylonitrile 

Adiponitrile 

Allyl-sec-butylcyanoacetic acid, ethyl ester 

l-Allyl-3-di(2-hydroxyethyl) thiourea 

l-Allyl-3-(2-hydroxyethyl) -2- thiourea 

Allyl isothiocyanate, non-flavor grade 

*Ainines : 

Allylamines 

*Butylainines : 

*n-Butylamine, mono- 

*Di-n-butylamine 

*Diisobutylajnine 

Isobutylamine, mono- 

Tri-n-butylaraine 

tert-Butylamine, mono- 

n-Butylethylamine 

n-Butylmethylamine 

Diethylenetri amine 

N.N-Diethylethylenediamine 

N ,N'-Diethyl-l,4-pentanediamine (Novoldiamine)- 

Diethylaminopropylamine 

N,N-Dime thy 1-1,3-propanedi amine 

Dimethylaminopropylamine 

Dipropylenetri amine 

Ethylamines : 

*Diethylaraine 

Diethylamine hydrochloride 

*Ethylamine, mono- 

*Triethy lamina 

*Ethylenedi amine 

Ethylenediamine salts 

(2-Ethylhexyl) amine, mono- 

*1,6-Hexanedi amine (Hexamethylenediamine) 

n-Hexylamine 

3,3'-Iminobispropylamine 

Isopropylamines : 

*Diisopropylamine 

Isopropylamines, mono- 

Methyl amines : 

*Dimethylamine 

Dimethylamine hydrochloride 

Dimethylamine sulfate 

*Methylamine, mono- P 

Methylamine hydrochloride 

*Trimethyl amine 

n-Octylamine, mono- 

Pentaethylenehexamine 

Pentylamines (Araylamines) : 

Dipentylamine 

Pentylamine, mono- 

Tripentylamine 

1,2-Propanediamine (Propylenediamine) 

1,3-Propanediamine Cl,3-Diaminopropane) 

♦Propylamines : 

*Dipropylamine 

♦Propylamine, mono- — 

Tetraethylenepentamine 



LUB. 

CCW, GOC, NLC, WBG. 

CCW, LUB, QCP, SIN. 

ALX, CCW, ENJ, GOC, HK, LUB, HON, ORG, SIN, SOI, TX. 



ACS. 












MRK. 












ALB, 


RBC. 










NOR. 












EKX, 


SOH, 


UCC. 








ACY, 


BFG, 


DUP, 


MON, 


SOH, 


UCC 


DUP, 


MON. 










SDW. 












IDC. 












FMT, 


IDC. 










ARS. 













PAS, 


UCC, 


VGC. 




PAS, 


UCC, 


VGC. 




PAS, 


UCC, 


VGC. 




ESC. 








PAS, 


UCC, 


VGC. 




MON, 


RH. 






PAS. 








UCC. 








DOW, 


JCC, 


UCC. 




ALB, 


GBP, 


PD. 




SDH. 








UCC. 








JCC. 








UCC. 








UCC. 








DUP, 


ESC, 


PAS, 


UCC. 


BKL. 








ESC, 


PAS, 


UCC. 




ESC, 


PAS, 


UCC. 




DOW, 


JCC, 


UCC. 




EK, 


NES. 






VGC. 








GEL, 


DUP, 


ELP, 


MON. 


VGC. 








JCC, 


UCC. 






ESC, 


PAS, 


UCC, 


VGC. 


ESC, 


PAS, 


UCC, 


VGC. 


COM, 


DUP, 


ESC, 


GAP, PAS 


BKL, 


CFG, 


EK. 




RH. 








COM, 


DUP, 


ESC, 


GAP, PAS 


RBC. 








COM, 


DUP, 


ESC, 


GAP, PAS 


VGC. 








DOW, 


JCC. 






PAS, 


VGC. 






PAS. 








PAS. 








UCC. 








JCC, 


X. 






ESC 


PAS, 


UCC, 


VGC. 


PAS, 


UCC 


VGC. 




DOW 


JCC, 


UCC. 





MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



TABLE 2. 



-Miscellaneous chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by mamifacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Nitrogenous Compounds — Continued 

*Amines-- Continued 

N,N,N' ,N'-Tetramethyl-l,3-butanediamine 

Tetrame thy le thy lenedi amine 

Triethylenetetramine 

Other amines 

2-Amino-l-butanol 

2-Aminoethanethiol C2-Mercaptoethylamine) hydrochloride-- 

2-Aiiiinoethanol (Monoethanolamine) hydrochloride 

2-Aminoethanol (Monoethanolaraine) sulfite 

Aminoethoxyethanol 

*2-C2-Ajiiinoethylamino5ethanol fAminoethylethanolaraine) 

2-Aminoethyl mercaptoacetate (Monoethanolamine thio- 
glycolate. 

2- Amino- 2-ethy 1-1, 3- propanediol 

Aminoguanidine bicarbonate 

2-Amino-2-Chydroxymethyl5-l,3-propanediol (Tris-(hydroxy- 
methyl) aminome thane) . 

2-Amino-2-methyl-l,3-propanediol 

2-Amino-2-methyl-l-propanol 

2-Amino'l-propanol r 

3-Amino-l-propanol 

3-Amino-l-propylarainoethanol (N-Hydroxyethylpropanedi- 
amine) . 

*l,l'-Azobisformamide 

2,2'-Azobis [2-methylpropionitrile] (Azobisisobutyro- 

nitrile) . 
N, N-Bis(2-hy droxyethyl) -2- (stearami dome thoxy) ethyl amine- - 

l,3-Bis(hydroxymethyl)urea CDimethylolurea) 

BisCperfluoroalkyl) phosphate, diethanolamine salt 

BisCtrimethylsilyl)acetamide 

N-Bromoacetamide 

N-Bromosuccinimide (Succinibromimide) 

2,3-Butanedione monoxirae 

2-Butanone oxime 

l-Butyl-3-ethy 1-2- thiourea 

Butyl isocyanate 

Butyraldehyde oxime 

n-Butyronitrile 

*Caprolactam (2-Oxohexamethylenimine) 

Chloroacetonitrile 

Chlorocholine chloride 

2-Chloro-N,N-dimethylethylamine (Dimethylaminoethyl 
chloride) hydrochloride. 

3- Chloro-N,N- dime thy Ipropyl amine 

2-Chloro-N,N-dimethylpropylamine and hydrochloride 

3-Chloro-N,N-dimethylpropylamine hydrochloride 

2-Chloroethylamine hydrochloride 

B-Chloroallyl-N-methylamine ■ 

Chloro-N-C2-hydroxyethyl)acetamide 

N-Chlorosuccinimide CSuccinichlorimide) 

2-Chlorotriethylamine hydrochloride 

2-Chloro-N,N-diethylethylamine hydrochloride 

Choline base 

Choline bisulfite 

Coco nitrile 

Coconut oil acids - ammonium condensate 

Coconut oil amide 

Cottonseed oil nitrile 

Creatine and creatinine 

2-Cyanoacetamide 

2-Cyanoacethydrazide 

Cyanoacetic acid 

Cyanoacetic acid, 2-ethylhexyl ester 

Cyanogen bromide 

2-Dibutylaminoethanol 

1, 3- Dibuty 1-2- thiourea 

1,4-Dicyanobutene 

Diethanolamine polyoxypropylene ether 



JCC, UCC. 

ALD, DUP, EK, JCC, ONX, NLC, NTL, UCC. 

COM. 



HDG, JCC, UCC. 
HAB. 



UCC. 

RH. 

DOW, 

ALB, 

ACY, 

EVN. 

WSN. 

EVN, 

JCC. 

DOW, 

EVN, 

COM. 
COM. 
COM. 

COM. 
COM. 
LIL. 
UCC. 
JCC. 



FMT, NPI, USR. 
DUP. 



DUP. 






PIC. 






ARA. 






ARA, 


SDW, 




EK. 






ACP, 


ALB, 


CCA. 


PAS. 






OTC, 


UP J. 




ACP. 






EKX. 






ACP, 


CNP, 


DBC, UCC 


BPC. 






ACY. 






HEX, 


MCH, 


MRK. 


SK. 






LIL, 


MCH. 




MCH. 






NES. 






LIL. 






KF. 






ARA. 






MCH. 






HEX. 






RH. 






WAY. 






ARC, 


ASH. 




PG. 






ARC. 






ASH. 






PFN. 






KF, 


MTR. 




KF. 






KF. 






GAF. 






EK. 






AAC, 


PAS. 




PAS, 


RBC. 





216 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Items for whiph U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CEHMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 
Nitpogenous Compounds — Continued 



Diethyl Acetamidomalonate ■- 

Diethylaminoethanethiol hydrochloride 

2-Diethylaminoethanol . 

2-(2-Diethylaminoethoxy5ethanol 

2-Diethylaiiiinoethyl methacrylate 

Diethyl carbamoyl chloride 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

N,N-Diethyldodecan amide 

Diethylhydroxylamine 

1,3-Diethy 1-2- thiourea 

Diisopropylaminoethanol 

2-Diisopropylaiiiinoethyl methacrylate 

Diisopropylairanonium nitrite 

N, N- Dime thy lacet amide 

*2- Dime thy laminoethanol 

3-Dimethylaminopropionitrile 

Dimethyl aminoe thy 1 methacrylate 

Dime thy 1 amino- 2-prop and 

N-C3-Diraethylaminopropyl5oleamide 

Dime thy Icarbamyl chloride 

N,N- Dime thy Iformamide 

1,1- Dime thy Ihydrazine 

Dithiooxamide 

2,S-Dithiobiurea . 

*Eruc£imide 

*Ethanolamines : 

*2-Aminoethanol CMonoethanolamine) 

*2,2'-Iminodiethanol (Diethanolamine) 

*2,2' ,2' '-Nitrilotriethanol (Triethanolaraine) 

Ethoxymethylenemalononitrile 

3-Ethoxypropionitrile 

Ethyl acetamidocyanoacetate 

2-Ethy laminoethanol (Ethylmonoethanolamine^ 

Ethyl carbamate 

Ethyl carbodiimide hydrochloride 

Ethyl cyanoacetate 

Ethyleneimine, monomer -j- 

Ethyleneimine, polymer 

2-Ethy Ihexyl cyanoacetate 

N-Ethyl-N-hydroxyethyl-l,4-pentanedi amine 

5- (N-Ethyl-N-hydroxyethylamino)-2-pentanone 

Ethyl isocyanate 

Fish oil fatty acid amide 

Form amide : 

Formamidine disulfide dihydrochloride 

Formamidine hydrochloride 

Glycine (Aminoacetic acid) , non-medicinal 

Glycine ethyl ester hydrochloride 

Glycine salts: Cupric glycinate 

Glycolonitrile 

Guanidine hydrochloride 

Hexadecyl nitrile 

Hexame thy lenedi amine carbamate 

Hexamethylenediammoni'un adipate [Nylon salt) 

Hydracrylonitrile (Ethylene cyanohydrin) 

2-Hydrazinoethanol (2-Hydroxyethy Ihydrazine) 

Hydroxyethyl carbamate 

2-(Hydroxymethyl)-2-nitro-l,3-propanediol (Tris (hydroxy- 
methyl)nitrome thane) . 

N-Hydroxymethylstearamide 

Hydroxypropyl carbamate 

3,3'-lminodi-l,2-propanediol 

Isobutyl cyanoacetate 

Isobutyronitrile 

Isopropanolamines : 

1- Amino- 2-propanol (Monoisopropanolamine) 

l,l'-Iminodi-2-propanol (Diisopropanolamine) 

1,1' ,1' '-Nitrilotri- 2-propanol (Triisopropanol amine)-- 



SDW. 








RSA. 








AAC, 


PAS, 


UCC. 




PAS. 








DUP. 








CTN. 








EK, 


PAS. 






EK. 








PAS. 








PAS, 


RBC. 






PAS, 


UCC. 






DUP. 








OMC. 








DUP. 








AAC, 


DUP, 


JCC, 


PAS, RH 


ACY. 








X. 








COM, 


PAS. 






DUP. 








CTN, 


OTC. 






DUP. 








FMP. 








MAL. 








ACY. 








ARC, 


ASH, 


FIN, 


HUM. 



DOW, JCC, MAT, OMC, SHC, UCC. 

DOW, JCC, MAT, OMC, SHC, UCC. 

DOW, JCC, MAT, OMC, SHC, UCC. 

KF. 

ACY. 

SDW. 

PAS, UCC. 

FMP. 

OTC. 

KF. 

DOW. 

AAC, DOW. 

KF. 

SDW. 

SDW. 

OTC. 

ASH, HUM. 

DUP. 

WAY. 

KF. 

CHT. 

BPC. 

BPC. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

FOR. 

BKL. 

CEL, DUP, MON. 

UCC. 

NOR. 

JCC. 

COM. 

ICI. 

JCC. 

DUP. 

KF. 

EKX, ESC. 



DOW, 
DOW, 
DOW, 



UCC. 
UCC. 
UCC. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



217 



TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by maniifacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 5) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Nitrogenous Compounds — Continued 

3-Isopropoxypropionitrile 

3-Isopropoxypropylainine 

2-Isopropylaniinoethanol 

Isopropyl ethylthionocarbamate 

Isopropyl isocyanate 

Lactonitrile 

Lauronitrile (Dodecyl nitrile) 

Lysine diisocyanate methyl ester 

Halononitrile 

Methacrylamide '■■ 

Methacrylonitrile 

Methoxyamine hydrochloride 

3-Methoxypropylamine 

N-Methylacetamide 

2-Methylaminoethanol (N-Methylethanolamine) 

Methyl carbamate 

Methyl cyanoacetate 

Methyl a-cyanoacrylate 

N,N'-Methylenebis(acrylamide) 

N,N'-Methylenebis (octadecanamide^ 

Methylenebis (thiocyanate) 

N-Methylglucamine 

Methyl isocyanate 

2,2'-CMethyliminoi)diethanol (MethyldiethanolamineJ 

*2-Methyllactonitrile (Acetone cyanohydrin) 

2-Methyl-2-nitro-l,3-propanediol 

2-Methyl-2-nitro-l-propanol 

Methylpolyethanolamine 

N-Methyltaurine 

*Nitriloacids and salts: 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo^pentaacetic acid 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid, monosodium 
hydrogen ferric salt. 
*(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid, pentasodium 
salt. 

*(Diethylenetrinitrilo]pentaacetic acid, sodium salt 

N,N-Dihydroxyethylglycine, sodium salt 

Ethanoldiglycine, disodium salt 

*(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid (Ethylenediamine- 
tetraacetic acid) . 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, calcium disodium 
salt. 

(Ethylenedinitrilojtetraacetic acid, disodium salt 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium copper 

salt, dihydrate. 
(Ethylenedinitrilo) tetraacetic acid, disodium zinc salt 
dihydrate. 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, manganese salt 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, monosodium iron 

salt. 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetraammonium 

salt. 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetrapotassium 
salt. 
*(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetrasodium salt-- 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, triammonium salt-- 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, trisodium salt 

(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo)triacetic acid 

(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo)triacetic acid, iron 
salt. 
* (N-Hydroxyethy lethy lenedinitri lo) triacetic acid , 
trisodium salt. 

Nitrilotriacetic acid 

Nitrilotriacetic acid, trisodium salt 

Nitrilotriacetic acid, zinc salt 

Other 

2-Nitro-l-butanol 

Nitroethane 

Nitromethane ^ 



DUP. 






DUP. 






PAS. 






DOW. 






OTC. 






MON. 






ASH. 






MRK. 






KF, MTR. 






RH, X. 






SOH. 






EK. 






DUP, EKT, 


JCC. 




EK. 






BKL, UCC. 






BKL, FMP. 






KF. 






EKT. 






ACY, SOH. 






ARC. 






NLC. 






DUP. 






OTC, UCC. 






UCC. 






ACY, PAS, 


RH, X. 




COM. 






COM. 






COM, GAP. 






GAP. 






HMP. 






GGY. 






DOW, GGY, 


HMP. 




CWL, GGY, 


RPC. 




CWL, DOW, 


HMP. 




HMP. 






DOW, GGY, 


HMP. 




DOW, GGY. 






DOff, EK, 


GGY, HMP, 


rfc 


GGY, HMP. 






GGY, HMP. 






GGY, HMP. 






GGY, HMP. 


RPC. 





CWL, DOW, GGY, HMP, HRT, RPC, X. 
HMP. 



CWL, DOW, GGY. HMP, RPC, x. 



GGY, HMP. MON. 
EK, GGY. HMP. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. — Miscellaneous chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Nitrogenous Compounds — Continued 

1-Nitropropane 

2-Nitropropane 

Nylon, 6 and 6/6 polymer for fiber 

Octadecyl isocyanate 

Octadecyloxymethyltriethylammonium chloride 

*01ea]iiide (Octadecene amide) 

Oleic acid, amine condensates 

Oleonitrile (Octadecene nitrile) 

Oleoylpalniitamide 

*Pentaerythritol tetranitrate 

Pentyl nitrate (Amyl nitrate) 

Polyacrylamide 

Polyacrylonitrile 

Polyoxyalkylene amines ■' 

n-Propyl carbamate 

Propyl isocyanate 

Propyl nitrate 

Quaternary ammonium compounds 

Ricinol amide 

*Sarcosine (N-Methylaminoacetic acid) 

Semicarbazide base 

Semicarbazide hydrochloride 

Semioxamazide 

*Stearamide (Octadecane amide) 

■^-Stearic acid - ethylenediamine condensate (amine/acid 
ratio=l/2) . 

Stearic acid, other amine condensates 

Stearonitrile (Octadecanenitrile) ► 

Stearylerucamide 

Succinimide 

Tallow amide, hydrogenated 

Tall oil nitrile 

Tallow nitrile 

Tallow nitrile, hydrogenated 

N,N,N' ,N'-Tetrakis(2-hydroxypropyl) ethylenediamine 

Tetramethylguanidine 

Thiosemicarbazide 

*Urea in compounds or mixtures, 100% basis: 

*In feed compounds 

*In liquid fertilizer 

*In solid fertilizer 

In plastics 

All other 

Urea - urethane copolymer 

All other nitrogenous compounds 



AaidSj Acid Anhydrides, and Aayl Halides 

*Acetic acid, synthetic, 100% 

*Acetic anhydride, 100%: 

From acetaldehyde 

From acetic acid 

From ethylene 

* Aery lie acid 

*Adipic acid 

Azelaic acid 

Behenic acid 

Brominated fatty acids 

Bromobutyric acid 

tert-Butylperoxymaleic acid 

Butylstannoic acid 

*Butyric acid 



COM. 

COM. 

ALF, DBC, DUP, MON. 

CWN, MOB, UPJ. 

DAN. 

ARC, ASH, FIN, HUM. 

CCW. 

ARC, ASH. 

FIN. 

COM, DUP, HPC. 

TNA. 

ACY, HPC, NLC. 

DUP. 

JCC. 

BKL. 

OTC. 

TNA. 

EK, RSA, WAY. 

TKL. 

GAF, GGY, HMP. 

F^^'. 

FMT. 

NOR. 

ARC, ASH, FIN, HUM. 

CCW, CTN, GLY, ICI. 

CIB. 

ARC. 

FIN. 

ASH. 

ARC, HUM. 

ARC. 

ARC, ASH. 

ARC, ASH. 

WYN. 

ACY. 

ACY, Fm. 

ACN, ACY, AGY, DUP, FTX, GCC, JDC, KET, MON, ^BC, 
NIT, PPC, SHC, SOH, TER, TRI , VLN, WYC. 

ACN, AGY, AKL, APD,-13CIR, CFA, CNC, DUP, ESC, 

FCA, FTX, GCC, GOC, HKY, HPC, JDC, KET, MSC, OMC, 
PLC, PPC, SHC, SM, SNI, SOH, TER, VLN, WYC, x. 

ACN, ACY, AGY, AKL, COL, DUP, GCC, GOC, HPC, JDC, 
MON, MSC, OMC, PPC, SHC, SNO, SOH, TER, TRI, VLN, 
WYC. 

ACN, DUP, MON, SHC, TRI. 

ACN, AGY. BOR, CNC, DUP, HKY, HPC, JDC, SHC, SNO, 
TER, WYC. 

DUP. 

ACY, ALB, ALD, BJL, BKL, CWN, DUP, EK, EKT, EVN, 
FIN, JCC, GAF, GNM, KF, LIL, MOB, MRK, NOR, OTC, 
PFN, PIC, REM, RSA, S, SNW, UCC, USB, x, x. 



BOR, CEL, EKT, HPC, MON, PUB, UCC. 



HPC. 












CEL, 


EKT, 


FMP. 








UCC. 












BFG, 


CEL, 


DBC, 


UCC. 






ACP, 


CEL, 


DUP, 


ELP, 


MON, 


RH 


EMR. 












ASH. 












DUP. 












GTL. 












WTL. 












CCW. 












CEL, 


EKT, 


UCC. 









MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



219 



TABLE 2. 



-Miscellaneous chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Adds, Add Anhydndes, and Aayl Halides — Continued 

Butyric anhydride 

Butyryl chloride 

Castor oil fatty acids, dehydrated 

*Chloroacetic acid, mono- 

Chloroacetyl chloride 

Citric acid 

Crotonic acid C2-Butenoic acid) 

Decanoyl chloride 

Di-n-propylacetyl chloride 

Dipropylmalonic acid 

*Dodecenylsuccinic anhydride 

Dodecylsuccinic anhydride 

2-Ethylbutyric acid (Diethylacetic acid) 

2-Ethylhexanoic acid Cci-Ethylcaproic acid) 

2-Ethylhecanoyl chloride 

Formic acid, 90% 

*Funiaric acid 

*Gluconic acid, tech 

Glutaric anhydride 

Glycolic acid (Hydroxyacetic acid) 

n-Hexadecenylsuccinic anhydride 

Isethionic acid C2-HydToxyethanesulfonic acid) 

Isoascorbic acid 

Isobutyric acid 

Isobutyric anhydride 

Isobutyryl chloride 

Iso-octanoic acid 

Itaconic acid (Methylenes uccinic acid) 

2-Keto-D-gluconic acid 

Lactic acid: 

Edible, 100% - 

Technical, 100% 

*Lauroyl chloride 

Levulinic acid 

Maleic acid 

*Maleic anhydride 

Malic acid 

Malonic acid 

Mercaptoacetic acid (Thioglycolic acid) 

3-Mercaptopropionic acid 

Mercaptosuccinic acid (Thiomalic acid) 

Methacrylic acid 

Methanesulfonic acid 

2-Methylvaleric acid (2-Methylpentanoic acid) 

Neodecanoic acid 

Neoheptanoic acid 

Neopentanoic acid 

Nonanoic acid (Pelargonic acid) 

Nonenylsuccinic anhydride 

Octadecylphosphonic acid 

Octanoyl chloride 

Octenylsuccinic anhydride 

Oleoyl chloride 

Oxalic acid 

*Palnn.toyl chloride 

Pelargonyl chloride 

Peroxyacetic acid 

Pivaloyl chloride 

Polyacrylic acid 

Polygalacturonic acid 

*Propionic acid 

Propionic anhydride 

Propionyl chloride 

Sebacic acid 

Sorbic acid (2,4-Hexadienoic acid) 

Succinic acid 

Succinic anhydride 

d-Tartaric acid 



EKT, UCC. 




HK. 




BAC, DA. 




BUK, DA, DOW, HPC, 


M3N. 


DOW. 




MLS, PFZ. 




EKT. 




UPR, WTL. 




CTN. 




CTN. 




ACS, HMY, HON. 




HN. 




UCC. 




EKT, UCC. 




UPR, WTL. 




DUP, UCC. 




ACS, HN, MON, NTL, 


PCC, PFZ. 


CWL, DLI, PFZ, X. 




UCC. 




DUP. 




HMY. 




GAP. 




MRK, PFZ. 




EKT. 




EKT. 




WTL. 




UCC. 




PFZ. 




MRK. 




CLN, MON. 




CLN, MON. 




CAD, GAF, HK, ONX, 


TEK, UPR, WTL 


QKO. 




ACS, PFN, PFZ. 




ACS, HN, KPS, MON, 


PCC, PTT, RCI 


ACS, EK. 




KF. 




EVN, HAB. 




EVN. 




EVN. 




DUP, RH. 




EK, PAS. 




UCC. 




EN J. 




ENJ. 




ENJ. 




EMR, GIV. 




HMY. 




SM. 




HK. 




HMY. 




GAF, HRT. 




ACS, MAL, PFZ, SFI 




GAF, OPC, PD. 




WTL. 




FMB, UCC. 




WTL. 




AAE, DA, RH. 




SKG. 




CEL, COM, EKT, UCC 




EKT, UCC. 




ABB, EK. 




RH, WTH. 




UCC. 




ACS, BKC. 




ACS. 




BKC. 





220 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2.- 



-Miscellaneous chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3] 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

Adds, Acid Anhydrides, and Acyl Halides — CoT\timied 

Tetrahydroxysuccinic acid (Dioxytartaric acid) 

Thioacetic acid 

Thio lactic acid 

3,3'-Thiodipropionic acid 

Trichloroacetic acid 

Trichloroacetyl chloride 

Valeric acid 

All other 



Salts of Organic Acids 



*Acetic acid salts : 

Aluminum acetate 

Aluminum subacetate 

Ammonium acetate 

Ammonium titanyl acetate- 
Barium acetate 

Butyltin acetates 

Cadmium acetate 

Calcitjm acetate 

Chromium acetate 

Cobalt acetate 

*Copper acetate 

Dibutyltin diacetate 

Lead acetate 

Lead subacetate 

Lead tetraacetate 

Magnesium acetate 

Manganese acetate 

Mercuric acetate 

Nickel acetate 

•Potassium acetate 

Silver acetate 

*Sodium acetate 

Sodium diacetate 

Strontium acetate 

*Zinc acetate 

•Zirconium acetate 



0th e 



Adipic acid, ammonium salt 

Allylsulfonic acid, sodium salt- 
Chloroacetic acid, sodium salt — 
Citric acid salts; 

Ammonium citrate 

Calcium citrate 

Ferric ammonium citrate 

Ferric citrate 

Ferrous calcium citrate 

Potassium citrate 

Sodium citrate 



Other- 



Cottonseed oil acids, calcium salt 

Di-n-propylacetic acid, sodiiun salt 

*2-Ethylhexanoic acid (a-Ethylcaproic acid) salts: 

Aluminum 2-ethylhexanoate 

Barium 2-ethylhexanoate 

Cadmium 2-ethylhexanoate 

♦Calcium 2-ethylhexanoate 

*Cobalt 2-ethylhexanoate 

Copper 2-ethylhexanoate 

Iron 2-ethylhexanoate . - 

*Lead 2-ethylhexanoate 

Lithium 2-ethylhexanoate 

•Manganese 2-ethylhexanoate 

Nickel 2-ethylhexanoate 

Potassium 2-ethylhexanoate 

Rare earths 2-ethylhexanoate 



ACY. 

EK. ETO. 
EVN. 

CCW, EVN. 
DOW. 
EK. 
UCC. 

ABB, ALD, CLE, CTN, EK, ENJ, GAF, HMY, PIC, RH, 
RSA, UCC, X, X. 



UCC. 
ACY. 
ACS, 
DUP. 
ACS. 
CCW, 
BKC, 
ACS, 
ACY. 
BKC. 
ACS, 
CCW. 
ACS. 
ACS, 
ARA, 
ACS. 
HSH. 
MAL. 
BKC. 
ACS. 
MAL. 
ACS,. 
UCC. 
BKC. 
ACS. 
HSH, 
CCW, 
FIS. 
NES. 
DOW. 

MAL, 

PFZ. 

MAL, 

MAL. 

BKL. 

MLS. 

MLS. 

PFZ. 

PD. 

CTN. 

WTC. 
CCA. 
CCA. 
CCA. 
CCA. 
CCA. 
CCA, 
CCA. 
WTC. 
CCA, 
MCI. 
CCA. 
CCA. 



BKC, MAL. 
BKC, MAL. 

X. 

MAL, SHP. 
BKC, MAL. 

HSH, SHP. 
BKC, SHP, UCC. 

X. 

BKC, MAL. 
BKC, MAL. 
UCC. 

BKC, SHP. 
SHP. 

HSH, SHP. 

BKC, CWL, MAL, UCC. 

BKC, CEL, DAN, EKT, MAL, UCC, WSN. 



BKC, HSH, MAL, SHP, UCC. 

NTL, TZC. 

DUP. 



PFZ. 
PFZ. 



PFZ. 
PFZ. 



CCC, FER, HNX, MCI, WTC. 

CCC, FER, HNX, HSH, MCI, TRO, WTC. 



CCC, HNX, HSH, MCI, NTL, TRO, WTC. 
HNX, MCI, WTC. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



221 



TABLE 2. 



-Miscellaneous chemicals: Items for- which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC — Continued 

Salts of Organic j4cids — Continued 

*2-EthyIhexanoic acid (a-Ethylcaproic acid) salts--Continued 

Stannous 2-ethylhexanoate 

Strontium 2-ethylhexanoate 

*Zinc 2-ethylhexanoate 

Zirconium 2-ethylhexanoate 

Other 

Formic acid salts: 

Aluminum formate 

♦Ammonium formate 

Calcium formate 

Chromic formate 

Copper formate 

Lead formate 

Sodium formate, refined 

Sodium formate, tech 

Glucoheptonic acid, zinc salt 

Gluconic acid salts : 

Ammonium gluconate — ; 

*Sodium gluconate*- 

Glycolic acid, aluminum salt 

9H-Hexadecafluorononanoic acid, ammonium salt 

Hiimic acids, sodium salts 

Isoascorbic acid, sodium salt 

Lactic acid salts: 

Ammonium lactate 

Calcium lactate 

Other . 

Laurie acid salts : 

Barium cadmium laurate 

Dibutyltin di laurate 

Zinc laurate 

*Linoleic acid salts: 

Calcium linoleate 

Cobalt linoleate 

Copper linoleate 

Lead linoleate 

Lead manganese linoleate 

Manganese linoleate 

Maleic acid salts: 

Dibutyltin maleate 

Lead (tribasic) maleate 

Malonic acid, calcium salt 

♦Mercaptoacetic acid (Thioglycolic acid) salts: 

Ammonium raercaptoacetate 

Antimony mercaptoacetate 

Calcium mercaptoacetate 

Dibutyltin mercaptoacetate 

Potassium mercaptoacetate 

Sodium mercaptoacetate 

Mercaptopropionic acid, dibutyltin salt 

Methylsuccinic acid, disodium salt 

Neodecanoic acid salts: 

Cadmium neodecanoate 

Lead neodecanoate 

Zinc neodecanoate 

Octanoic acid (Caprylic acid) salts : 

Aluminum octanoate 

Barium cadmium octanoate 

Stannous octanoate 

Zinc octanoate 

Oleic acid salts : 

Aluminum oleate 

Ammonium oleate 

Barium zinc oleate 

Calcium oleate 

Chromium oleate 

Cobalt oleate 

*Copper oleate 



WTC. 




CCA. 




CCA, HNX, 


HSH, MCI, WTC 


CCA, CCC, 


HNX. 


EK, UCC, 


WTC, X. 


UCC, WSN. 




ACS, RSA, 


WSN. 


COM. 




GAF. 




CTN. 




NTL. 




ACS, BKC. 




COM, HPC. 




PFN. 




PFZ. 




CWL, DLI, 


PFZ, PMP, X. 


CIB. 




DUP. 




NLC. 




MRK. 




TCC. 




SHF. 




PFN, REH, 


WTC. 


CCA. 




X. 




SNW. 




CCA, SHP, 


SRR. 


SHP. 




SHP, WTC. 




SHP, SRR. 




SDH. 




SHP, SRR. 




X. 




NTL. 




GIV. 




EVN, HAB, 


TNI. 


CCA. 




EVN. 




CCA. 




EVN. 




EVN. 




CCA, X. 




SOW. 




CCA. 




CCA. 




CCA. 




DA. 




CCA. 




CCW. 




BKC. 




WTC. 




MCI. 




WTC. 




MCI. 




SHP. 




MCI. 




MCI, SHP, 


WTC. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2, --Miscellaneous chemicals: Items-for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS. ACYCLIC--Continued 

Salts of Organic .4(:ri(is- -Continued 

Oleic acid salts--Continued 

Lead oleate 

Lithium oleate 

Manganese oleate 

Stannous oleate 

Zinc oleate 

Zirconium oleate 

Other 

Oxalic acid salts : 

Ammoniuin oxalate 

Ferric ammonium oxalate 

Ferric oxalate 

Ferric sodium oxalate 

Ferrous oxalate 

Potassium binoxalate 

Potassium oxalate 

Sodium oxalate ' 

Palmitic acid salts: 

Aluminum pa Imitate 

Zinc pa Imitate 

Other 

Phosphorodithioic acid salts (Dithiophosphates) : 

Potassium dihexyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium di-sec-butyl diethyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium di-sec-butyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium diethyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium dihexyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium diisopropyl phosphorodithioate 

Other 

*Polyacrylic acid salts: 

Ammonium polyacrylate 

Sodium polyacrylate 

Polymethacrylic acid, sodium salt 

Propionic acid salts: 

*Calcium propionate 

*S odi urn p rop i ona t e 

Zinc propionate 

Ricinoleic acid salts: 

Calcium ricinoleate 

Lithium ricinoleate 

Other 

Sodium ethyl oxalacetate 

Sodium polypectate 

Sodium sorbitol borate 

Sorbic acid salts : 

Potassium sorb ate 

*Stearic acid salts: 
♦Aluminum stearates : 

♦Aluminum distearate 

♦Aluminum monostearate 

♦Aliiminum tristearate 

Ammonium stearate 

Barium stearate 

Cadmium stearate 

♦Calcium stearate 

Cobalt stearate 

Copper stearate 

Ferric stearate 

Ferrous stearate 

Lead stearate 

Lead stearate, dibasic 

Lithium stearate 

♦Magnesium stearate 

Manganese stearate 

Nickel stearate 

S t ront i um s t ea rat e 

♦Zinc stearate 

All other 



MCI, 


SHP, WTC. 


MCI. 




MCI. 




CCW. 




MCI. 




MCI. 




MCI. 




ACS, 


BKC, PFZ. 


PFZ. 




PFZ. 




PFZ. 




BKL. 




BKC. 




BKC, 


PFZ. 


BKC, 


MAL. 


DA, 


WTC. 


ACY, 


DA, WTC. 


DA. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




BFG. 




ALC, 


BFG, DA, GRD, JOR, RH 


GRD. 




PFZ, 


UCC, WSN. 


PFZ, 


UCC, WSN. 


BKC. 




BAG. 




BAC. 




BAC. 




FMP. 




SKG. 




APD. 





DA, JTC, MAL, NOC, SYP, WTC, x. 

MkL, SYP. 

MAL, NOC, SYP, X. 

NOC, WTC. 

NOC, SYP, WTC. 

SYP, WTC. 

DA, HNX, JTC, MAL, NOC, SYP, WTC, 

WTC. 
NOC, WTC. 



ACY, 

DA, 

DA, 

DA, 

DA, 

DA, 

ACY, 

WTC 

NOC 

MCI 

NOC. 

DA, NTL, WTC. 

NTL. 

DA, 

ACY, 

NOC, 

WTC, 

WTC, 

ACY, 

APD, 



SYP, WTC. 
JTC, MAL, NOC, SYP, WTC, x. 
WTC. 



CCA, DA, HNX, JTC, MAL, NOC, SYP, WTC, X. 
DA, KCH, MAL, NOC, SYP. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



223 



TABLE 2. 



-Miscellaneous chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969--Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS. CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 
Salts of Organio Adds — Continued 

Succinic acid, sodium salt 

Tartaric acid salts: 

Antimony potassium tartrate 

Potassium bi tartrate 

Potassium sodium tartrate 

Sodium bi tartrate 

Vinylsulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Xanthic acid salts: 

Potassium ethyl xanthate 

Potassium hexylxanthate 

Potassium is opropyl xanthate 

Potassium pentylxanthate 

Potassium sec-pentyl xanthate 

Sodium n-butyl xanthate 

Sodium sec-butylxanthate 

Sodium ethyl xanthate 

Sodium isobutyl xanthate 

Sodium isopropyl xanthate 

All other salts of organic acids-- 

Aldehydes and Ketones 

*Acetaldehyde 

*Acetone : 

*From cumene 

*From isopropyl alcohol 

Other 

Acrolein (Acrylaldehyde) 

Aldol CAcetaldol) 

*2-Butanone (Methyl ethyl ketone) — : 

Butyraldehyde 

♦Chloral (Trichloroacetaldehyde) 

5-Chloro-2-pentanone 

l-Chloro-l-penten-3-one (Chlorovinyl ethyl ketone) 

Chloro-2-propanone (Chloroacetone) 

Crotonaldehyde 

Dichloroacetaldehyde 

Dihydropseudoionone 

l,4-Dihydroxy-2-butanone 

1, 3- Dihydroxy- 2-propanone (Dihy droxyacetone) 

2-Ethylbutyraldehyde 

2-Ethylhexanal (a-Ethylcaproaldehyde) 

♦Formaldehyde (37% by weight) 

Glutaraldehyde 

Glyoxal 

2-Heptanone (Methyl amyl ketone) 

Heptyl methyl ketone , 

Hexaldehyde 

2,5-Hexanedione (Acetonylacetone) 

2-Hydroxy-2-methyl-3-butanone 

*4-Hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone (Diacetone alQOhol) 

Isobutyraldehyde 

Isodecaldehyde, mixed isomers 

Isovalerone (Diisobutyl ketone) 

Lactide (3,6-Dimethyl-2,5-p-dioxanedione) 

4-Methoxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone 

5-Methyl-2-hexanone (Methyl isoanyl ketone) 

Methyl nonyl ketone 

*4-Methyl-2-pentanone (Methyl isobutyl ketone) 

4-Methyl-3-penten-2-one (Mesityl oxide) 

Methylpseudoionone 

2-Methylvaleraldehyde (2-Methylpentaldehyde) 

Paraformaldehyde 

Paraldehyde (Paracetaldehyde) 

2,4-Pentanedione (Acetylacetone) 

3-Pentanone (Diethyl ketone) 

Propionaldehyde 



PFZ. 












ACY. 












PFZ. 












PFZ. 












X. 












ACY, 


DOW. 










DOW. 












DOW. 












ACY, 


DOW. 










DOW. 












KCC, 


USR. 










ACY, 


DOW. 










ACY, 


DOW. 










DOW. 












ACY, 


DOW. 










CCW, 


CWN, 


DA, 


EK, 


FIS, 


NTL 



PFN, PIC, RSA, SYP, X. 



CEL, COM, DUP, EKT, EKX, HPC, MON, PUB, SHC, UCC. 

ACP, CLK, HPC, MON, PCC, SHC, SKO, SOC, UCC. 

EKT, ENJ, SHC, UCC. 

CEL, DIX, HPC, OCC. 

SHC, UCC. 

UCC. 

ATR, CEL, DIX, EKT, ENJ, SHC, UCC. 

CEL, EKX, UCC. 

DA, FMB, MTO. 

SDW. 

X. 

EK. 

CEL, EKT, UCC. 
FMB. 
GIV. 
GAF. 
BAX. 
UCC. 

EKX, UCC. 
ACN, 
HN 
UCC. 
UCC. 
UCC. 
ARC. 
GIV. 

ACI, RBC, UCC 
LiL. 
CEL, 
EKX, 
UCC. 
EKT, 
CLN. 
SHC. 
EKT, 
ARC. 
EKT, 
SHC. 
GIV. 
UCC. 
CEL, 
UCC. 
UCC. 
HEX. 
EKX, 



BOR, CBC, CBD, CEL, COM, DUP, GAF, GOC, HKD, 
HPC, MON, RCI, RH. UCC. 



SHC, UCC. 
UCC. 



ENJ, SHC, UCC. 
UCC. 



224 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

Aldehydes and Ketones — Continued 

Pseudoionone 

Tetrahy drops eudoion one 

2,6,8-Triiiiethyl-4-nonanone (Isobutyl heptyl ketone) 
All other 

AlaohotSy MonohydyylOj Unsuhs tituted 

*Alcohols Cg or lower, unmixed: 

Allyl alcohol 

Amyl alcohols: 

2-Methyl-l-butanol 

2-Methyl-2-butanol Ctert-Amyl alcohol) 

1-Pentanol 

2-Pentanol ■ 

Butyl alcohols : 
Primary : 

*Iso flsopropylcarbinol) 

*Normal (n-Propylcarbinol) 

Secondary (Methylethylcarbinol) 

Tertiary (Trimethylcarbinol) 

2,6-Diinethyl-4-heptanol (Diisobutylcarbinol) 

*Ethyl alcohol, synthetic 

2-Ethyl-l-hexanol 

2-Ethyl-4-methyl-l-pentanol 

Heptyl alcohol 

*Hexyl alcohol 

Hexynol 

*Iso-octyl alcohols 

♦Isopropyl alcohol 

*Methanol, synthetic 

2-Methyl-3-butyn-2-ol 

4-Methyl-2-pentanol (1-Methy lisobutylcarbinol) — 

3-Methyl-l-pentyn-3-ol (Methylparafynol) 

Nonyl alcohols 

*1-Octanol 

*2-0ctanol (sec-Capryl alcohol) 

Octanols, other 

*Propyl alcohol (Propanol) 

2-Propyn-l-ol 

All other 

*Alcohols Cio or higher, unmixed: 

*Decyl alcohols 

3,9-Diethyl-6-tridecanol 

3,6-Dimethyl-3-octanol 

Dodecyl alcohol (Lauryl alcohol) (95%) 

7-Ethyl-2-methyl-4-hendecanol 

*l-Hexadecanol (Cetyl alcohol) (9S%) 

♦Hexadecyl alcohols, other 

*1-Octadecanol (Stearyl alcohol) (95%) 

cis-9-Octadecen-l-ol (Oleyl alcohol) 

Tetradecyl alcohols 

*l-Tridecanol 

2,6,8-Trimethyl-4-nonanol 

All other 

'Mixtures of alcohols : 
♦Cg and lower only: 

Ajiryl alcohols 

Other 

*Cio and higher only 

*C6 to Ci2 and others 



GIV. 
GIV. 
UCC. 
ALD, CEL, EK, GIV, UCC. 



DOW, FMP, SHC. 



UCC. 
SHC. 
UCC. 
UCC. 



DEC, EKX, SHC, UCC. 

CEL, CO, DBC, EKX, ENJ, SHC, TNA, UCC. 

ENJ, SHC. 

SHC, X. 
UCC. 

CEL, EKX, ENJ, HPC, PUB, SHC, UCC, USI. 

CEL, EKX, ENJ, SHC, UCC. 
EKX. 

EKX, GOC. 

CO, EKX, ENJ, PC, TNA, UCC. 

cue, LIL. 

ENJ, GOC, HOU, PCC, TID, UCC. 

ENJ, SHC, UCC. 

ACN, BOR, CEL, COM, DUP, ESC, GOC, HN, HPC, HON, 
RH, UCC. 

cue. 

SHC. 

cue. 

ENJ, GOC. 

CO, DUP. 

RH, WTH. 

IFF, PG. 

CEL, EKX, UCC. 

GAF. 

cue, EK, EKX, GYR, UCC. 

CO, DUP, ENJ, GOC, HOU, PCC, TID, UCC. 



UCC 










cue 










CO, 


DUP. 








UCC 










ASH 


DUP 


GIV 






CO, 


ENJ, 


PG. 






ASH 


CO, 


DUP, 


PG. 




ASH 


DUP 








CO, 


PG, UCC. 






ENJ 


GOC 


HOU 


TID 


, uce. 


UCC 










GOC 










ENJ 


PUB 


UCC 






CEL 


EKX 








ASH 


CO, 


ENJ, 


ICI, 


PG, SHC, TNA 


CO, 


EKX, 


GOC, 


PG, 


TNA. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



225 



TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Items for which U.S. praduction or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Polyhydric Alcohols and Their Esters and Ethers 

*PolyTlydric alcohols : 

1,4-Butanediol 

1,2 (and l,3]-Butaiiediol (Butylene glycol) 

1,2,4-Butanetriol 

2-Butene-l,4-diol 

2-Butyne-l,4-diol 

3-Chloro-l,2-propanediol (Glycerol a-chlorohydrin) 

1,10-Decanediol 

2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-hexanediol 

2,5-Dimethyl-3-hexyne-2,5-diol 

2,2-Dimethyl-l,3-propanediol (Neopentyl glycol) 

*Ethylene glycol 

2-Ethyl-l,3-hexanediol 

2-Ethyl-2-(hydroxyiiiethyl)-l,3-propanediol (Trimethylol 
propane) . 

Glycerol, synthetic 

1,6-Hexanediol 

2- (Hydroxymethyl) -2-methy 1- 1 , 3-propanediol (Trimethylol 
ethane) . 

Mannitol 

3-Mercapto-l,2-propanediol (Thioglycerol) 

Methylglycerol 

*2-Methyl-2,4-pentanediol (Hexylene glycol) 

*2-Methyl-2-propyl- 1,3- propanediol 

*Pentaerythritol 

♦Propylene glycol (1,2-Propanediol) 

♦Sorbitol 

2,2,4-Trimethyl-l,3-pentanediol 

All other 

♦Polyhydric alcohol esters : 

1,3-Butaiiediol dimethacrylate 

2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethyl acetate 

2-Butoxyethyl acetate 

Diethylene glycol chloroformate 

2- (2-Ethoxyethoxy) ethyl acetate 

2-Ethoxyethyl acetate 

Ethylene glycol diacetate 

■Ethylene glycol dimercaptoacetate 

Ethylene glycol dimethacrylate 

Ethylene glycol hydroxyacetate 

2-Ethy 1-2- (hydroxymethyl)-l, 3-propanediol trimethacry- 
late. 

Glyceryl monoacetate (Monoacetin) 

Glyceryl triacetate (Triacetin) 

Glyceryl trioleate 

Glycol adipate 

Hydroxyethyl methacrylate 

Hydroxypropyi methacrylate 

2-Methoxyethyl acetate 

Methoxytriethyleneglycol acetate 

Pentaeiythritol caprylate 

Pent aery thritol pelargonate 

Polyethylene glycol dimethacrylate 

Sucrose octa-acetate 

Tetraethylene glycol dimethacrylate 

Triethylene glycol dimethacrylate 

2,2,4-Trimethyl-l,3-pentanediol monoisobutyrate 

All other 

♦Polyhydric alcohol ethers : 

Bis(2-butoxyethyl) ether (Diethylene glycol di-n-butyl 

ether) . 
Bis(2-ethoxyethyl) ether (Diethylene glycol diethyl 
ether) . 

Bis (hydroxyethyl) ether butynediol 

Bis[2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethyl] ether (Tetraethylene 

glycol dimethyl ether. 
Bis(2-methoxyethyl) ether (Diethylene glycol dimethyl 
ether) , 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



GAF. 
CEL. 
GAF. 
GAF. 
GAF. 
EVN. 
NEP. 

cue. 
cue. 

EKX. 

APD, CAU, CEL, DOW, DUP, EKX, 

OMC, SHC, UCC, WYN. 
UCC. 
CEL. 



GAF, HCH, JCC, MAT, 



APD, 
CEL. 
COM. 



DOW, FMP, SHC. 



APD. 




EVN. 




APD. 




CEL, SHC, 


UCC. 


ABB, ARS, 


BKL, COM. 


CEL, COM, 


HN, HPC, RCl. 


APD, CEL, 


DOW, JCC, OCC, OMC, UCC, WYN 


APD, BRD, 


MRK, PFZ. 


EKX. 




APD, cue. 


PHR, PIC, UCC. 


SAR. 




EKT, UCC. 




EKT, UCC. 




PPG. 




EKT. 




DOW, EKT, 


UCC. 


EKT, UCC. 




EVN. 




CTN, SAR. 




CCA. 




SAR. 




HAL. 




EKT, UCC. 




GRO, HAL. 




X. 




AAC. 




JCC. 




UCC. 




RBC. 




DRW. 




DRW. 




SAR. 




PD. 




SAR. 




SAR, USB. 




EKX. 




EK, EVN, 


3AR, UCC, X. 



GAF. 
ASL. 



ASL, OMC. 



226 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



--Miscellaneous chemicals: Items for wUch U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC — Continued 

Poly},\idrio Alcohols and Their Esters and Ethers — Continued 

*Polyhydric alcohol ethers--Continued 

*2-Butoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether) 

*2- (2-Butoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol monobutyl 
ether) . 
2- [2- (2-Butoj5'ethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene glycol 
monobutyl ether) . 

l-Butoxyethoxy-2-propanol 

*Diethylene glycol 

Dimethoxyethane (Ethylene glycol dimethyl ether) 

*Dipropylene glycol 

*2-Ethoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether) 

*2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol monoethyl 

ether) . 
*2- [2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene glycol 
monoethyl ether) . 

2- [2-(Hexyloxy)ethoxy]ethanol 

Isobutoxyethanol ; 

l-Isobutoxy-2-propanol (Propylene glycol isobutyl 
ether) . 

*2-Methoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether) 

*2- (2-Methoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol monomethyl 

ether) . 
*2- [2- (2-Methoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene glycol 
monomethyl ether) . 
2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethyl 2-methoxyethyl ether (Triethyl- 
ene glycol dimethyl ether) . 

Methoxypoly ethylene glycol 

l-Methoxy-2-propanol 

3-(3-Methoxypropoxy)propanol 

3- [3- (3-Methoxypropoxy)propo)(yl]propanol 

Methyl butynoxyethanol 

Polybutylene glycol 

Polyethoxyethylsorbitol 

*Poly ethylene glycol 

*Polypropo)!y ethers : 

♦Glycerol tri (polyoxypropylene) ether 

♦Other 

♦Polypropylene glycol 

Polytetramethylene ether glycol 

Tetraethylene glycol 

1,1,3,3-Tetramethoxypropane 

2,2'-Thiodiethanol (Thiodi glycol) 

♦Triethylene glycol 

Tri propylene glycol 

All other 

Esters of Monohydria Alcohols 

Allyl methacrylate 

Amyl acetates, 90%: 

Isopentyl acetate (Isoarayl acetate) 

n-Pentyl acetate 

Mixed 

Butyl acetates : 

Iso — 

♦Normal 

Secondary 

Tertiary 

♦Butyl aery late 

n-Butyl 4, 4-bis(tert-butylperoxy) valerate 

Butyl chloroacetate 

Butyl lactate 

Butyl maleate, mono- 

tert-Butyl peroxyacetate 

tert- Butyl peroxy-2-ethylhexanoate 

tert-Butyl peroxyisobutyrate 

tert-Butyl peroxyisopropyl carbonate 

tert-Butyl peroxypivalate 



DOW, EKX, JCC, OMC, SHC, UCC. 
DOW, EKX, OMC, SHC. UCC. 

DOW, OMC, UCC. 

UCC. 

CAU, DOW, EKX, GAP, HCH, JCC, MAT, OMC, SHC, UCC. 

WYN. 
ASL. 

CEL, DOW, JCC, OCC, OMC, UCC. 
DOW, EKX, JCC, OMC, UCC. 
DOW, EKX, JCC, OMC, UCC. 

DOW, OMC, UCC. 

UCC. 

EKX, UCC. 
DOW. 

DOW, EKX, JCC, HCH, OMC, UCC. 
DOW, EKX, JCC, HCH, OMC, UCC. 



DOW, OMC, UCC. 



ASL. 



JCC, UCC. 
DOW, JCC, UCC. 
DOW, JCC, UCC. 
DOW. 

cue. 

NLC. 

APD, TCH. 

DOW, DUP, GAP, HDG, JCC, MAT, NLC, OMC, UCC, WYN. 

JCC, OMC, UCC, WYN. 

APD, DA, DOW, HDG, JCC, UCC, WYN. 

DOW, JCC, HDG, NLC, OMC, UCC, WYN. 

DUP, QKO, x. 

DOW, EKX, UCC. 

KF, UCC. 

UCC. 

CAU, DOW, EKX, GAP, HCH, JCC, V\M , OMC, UCC. 

DOW, UCC. 

DOW, EKX, GAP, UCC. 



NW. 






PFW. 






PFW, 


PUB, 


UCC. 


EKT, 


EKX, 


ENJ, UCC. 


CEL, 


EKT, 


ENJ, PUB. SHC, UCC 


ENJ, 


HPC, 


PUB, SHC. 


EK. 






CEL, 


DBC, 


RH, UCC. 


WTL. 






MON. 






COM. 






PCC. 






AZT, 


WTL. 




AZT, 


UPR, 


WTL. 


AZT, 


UPR, 


WTL. 


PPG, 


WTL. 




AZT, 


WTL. 





MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



227 



TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Esters of Monohydrio Alcohols --Continued 

Cetyl lactate 

Diallyl maleate 

Di (sec-butyl) chloroformate 

Dibutyl fumarate 

*Dibutyl maleate , 

Di Csec-butyl) peroxydicarbonate 

Diethyl sec-butylethylmalonate 

Diethyl butylmalonate 

Diethyl sec-butylmalonate 

♦Diethyl carbonate (Ethyl carbonate) 

Diethyl diethylmalonate (Diethyl malonic ester) 

Diethyl (ethoxymethylene)iiialonate 

Diethyl ethylmalonate (Ethyl malonic ester) 

Diethyl ethyl (l-methylbutyl)malonate (Ethyl- 1-methyl 
butyl malonic ester) . 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) chloroformate 

Di(2-ethyl-l-hexyl) fumarate 

Di(2-ethyl-l-hexyl) maleate 

DiC2-ethyl-l-hexyl) peroxydicarbonate 

Diethyl maleate ■ 

Diethyl malonate (Malonic ester) 

Diethyl ( 1-me thy Ibutyl) malonate 

Diethyl oxalate (Ethyl oxalate) 

Diisobutyl maleate 

Di-iso-nonyl maleate 

Diisopropyl peroxydicarbonate (Isopropyl percarbonate) 

Dilauryl maleate 

Dilauryl 3,3'-thiodipropionate 

Dimethyl acetylenedicarboxylate 

Dimethyl carbonate 

2,5-Dimethylhexane 2,S-diperoctoate— 

Dimethyl maleate 

Dimethyl malonate 

Dimethyl methoxymethylene malonate 

Di(4-methyl-2-pentyl) maleate 

Dimyristyl 3, 3' -thiodipropionate 

*Dioctyl maleate 

*Distearyl 3, 3' -thiodipropionate 

Dithiobis (stearyl propionate) 

Ditridecyl maleate 

Di(tridecyl) 3, 3' -thiodipropionate 

*Ethyl acetate (85%) 

Ethyl acetoacetate 

*Ethyl acrylate 

Ethyl chloroacetate 

Ethyl chloroformate . 

Ethylene carbonate 

Ethyl formate 

2-Ethyl-l-hexyl acetate 

*2-Ethyl-l-hexyl acrylate 

2-Ethyl-l-hexyl methaciylate 

Ethylidene diacetate 

Ethyl propionate 

Ethyl silicate (Tetraethoxysilane) 

Ethyl sulfate (Diethyl sulfate) 

Ethyl thioglycolate 

Fatty acid esters, not included with plasticizers or 
surface-active agents : 

Dimethyl brassy late 

Ethyl stearate 

Hexadecyl stearate 

Isopropyl linoleate 

Methyl esters of coconut oil 

*Methyl esters of tallow 

Methyl 12-hydroxystearate 

Methyl stearate 

Myristyl myristate 

All other 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



VNi). 

RCI. 

WTL. 

MON, PFZ, RCI, 

cue, DUP, MON, 

WTL. 

ABB. 

BPC. 

ABB. 

CTN, FMP, OTC. 

BPC, LIL. 

KF. 

LIL. 

ABB. 



RUB. 

PCC, RCI, RUB. 



WTL. 






RUB. 






HRT, RUB 






WTL. 






ACY, UCC 






ABB, KF, 


LIL. 




ABB. 






FMP. 






RUB. 






RUB. 






PPG, WTL. 






DUP. 






ACY, CCW, 


EVN, HAB. 




EK. 






CTN, OTC. 






UPR. 






AAC. 






KF. 






KF. 






RUB. 






CCW. 






MON, PCC, 


RCI, RUB. 




ACY, CCW, 


EVN, HAB. 




EVN. 






RUB. 






ACY, EVN. 






CEL, EKT, 


EKX, ENJ, HPC, MON, PUB, UCC 


EKT, UCC. 






CEL, DBC, 


RH, UCC. 




DOW, KF, 


MON. 




CTN, FMP, 


OTC. 




JCC. 






COM. 






EKT, UCC. 






CEL, DBC, 


UCC. 




X. 






CEL. 






NW. 






SFA. 






UCC. 






EVN. 






EMR. 






ARS. 






ICI. 






VND. 






PG. 






BFR, CHL, 


HUM. 




BAG, HUM. 






DA, PG. 






DA, GAF. 







228 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 2, — Miscellaneous chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 
Esteps of Monohydria Alcohols — Continued 

Glycidyl aery late 

Glycidyl methacrylate 

Hexyl acetate 

Isobutyl aery late 

Isobutyl chloroformate 

Isobutyl isobutyrate 

Isodecyl aery late 

*lso-octyl mercaptoacetate 

Iso-octyl 3-mercaptopropionate 

*Isopropyl acetate 

Isopropyl chloroformate 

Lauryl lactate 

Methallylidene diacetate 

Methyl acetate 

Methyl acetoacetate 

Methyl acrylate, monomer 

Methyl borate 

Methyl chloroacetate 

Methyl chloroformate 

Methyl di chloroacetate 

Methyl formate 

*Methyl methacrylate, monomer 

4-Methyl-2-pentyl acetate 

Methyl sulfate (Dimethyl sulfate) 

Methyl vinyl acetate 

Myristyl lactate 

Octadecyl 3-mercaptopropionate 

♦Phosphorus acid esters: 

Bis(2-ethylhexyl) hydrogen phosphate 

Bis(2-ethylhexyl) hydrogen phosphite 

Butyl hydrogen phosphates 

Dibutyl butylphosphonate 

Dibutyl hydrogen phosphite 

Didodecyl hydrogen phosphate 

Diethyl phosphorochloridothionate 

Diisopropyl hydrogen phosphite 

Dimethyl hydrogen phosphite 

Dimethyl methylphosphonate 

Dimethyl phosphorochloridothionate 

Dioleyl hydrogen phosphite 

Iso-octyl hydrogen phosphate 

Methyl hydrogen phosphates 

Oleyl hydrogen phosphate 

Triamyl phosphite 

Tributyl phosphate 

Tributyl phosphite 

Tridecyl phosphite 

Tri ethyl phosphite 

Triiso-octyl phosphite 

Tri isopropyl phosphite 

Trimethyl phosphate 

Trimethyl phosphite 

Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphite 

Tris (chloroisopropy 1) thionophosphate 

Tris (2, 3-dibromopropyl) phosphate 

Tris(2-ethylhexyl) phosphite 

Tris (octadecyl) phosphite 

All other 

'Propyl acetate 

Propylene carbonate 

Tetraoctyl orthosilicate 

Titanic acid esters: 

Tetrabutyl titanate 

Tetraisopropyl titanate 

Tetrakis(2-ethylhexyl) titanate 

Other 

Tri ethyl orthoacetate 

Triethyl orthoformate 

Triethyl orthopropionate 



AAE. 






AAE. 






ENJ. 






DBC, 


RH, 


UCC. 


CTN, 


OTC. 




EKX. 






UCC. 






CCW, 


EVN, 


HAB. 


EVN. 






EKT, 


ENJ 


HPC, UCC. 


CTN, 


PPG. 




VND. 






UCC. 






EK, 


MON, 


UCC. 


EKT, 


UCC. 




CEL, 


DBC, 


RH. 


MHI, 


SFA 




DOW, 


KF. 




CTN, 


FMP. 




KF, 


PD. 




DUP. 






ACY, 


DUP, 


RH. 


SHC, 


UCC 




DUP. 






UCC. 






VND. 






EVN. 






UCC. 






SM. 







HK. 

SM. 

SM. 

COM. 

SFI, 

HK. 

SM. 

SM. 

SM. 

TNA. 

SM. 

SM. 

TNA. 

MCH. 

SM. 

SM. 

ALD, 

CEL, 

DOW, 

MON. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

KF. 

KF. 

KF. 



DUP, EK, MON, SM, TNA, WES. 

EKT, PUB, UCC. 

JCC. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



229 



TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 
Esters of Monohydria Alcohols — Continued 



Triisodecyl orthoformate- 

Trimethyl orthoformate 

*Vinyl acetate, monomer 

All other 



Halogenated Hydrooarbons 



1-Bromobutane (n-Butyl bromide) 

2-Bromobutane (sec-Butyl bromide] 

Bromochlorome thane 

l-Bromo-3-chloropropane (Trimethy lenechlorobromide) — 

2-BTomo-2-chloro-l, 1,1-trifluoroe thane 

Bromoethane (Ethyl bromide) 

l-Bromo-3-methylbutane (Isoamyl bromide) 

l-Bromo-3-methyl-2-butene 

1-Bromo-octadecane 

1-Bromopentane (n-Amyl bromide) 

2-Bromopentane (1-Methylbutyl bromide) 

1-Bromopropane (n-Propyl bromide) 

2-Bromopropane (Isopropyl bromide) 

3-Bromopropene (Allyl bromide) 

Bromotrichlorome thane 

Bromotrifluorome thane 

*Carbon tetrachloride 

♦Chlorinated paraffins: 

35%-64% chlorine 

65% or more chlorine 

2-Chloro-l,3-butadiene 

1-Chlorobutane (n-Butyl chloride) 

2-Chlorobutane (sec-Butyl chloride) 

l-Chloro-l,l-difluoroe thane 

*Chlorodifluorome thane 

♦Chloroethane (Ethyl chloride) 

♦Chloroform 

2-Chloro-3-hexyne 

*Chloromethane (Methyl chloride) 

2-Chloro-2-methylpropane (tert-Butyl chloride) 

3-Chloro-2-methylpropene (Methallyl chloride) 

Chloropentafluoroe thane 

3-Chloropropene (Allyl chloride) 

ChlorotrifluoToethylene (Trifluorovinyl chloride) 

Chlorotrif luoroethylene,' polymerized 

Chlorotrifluorome thane 

Dibromodifluorome thane 

*l,2-Dibromoethane (Ethylene dibromide) 

Dibromomethane (Methylene bromide) 

1,2-Dibromo-l, 1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane 

Dichlorobutadiene 

l,3-Dichloro-2-butene 

1,4-Dichlorobutene 

*Dichlorodifluorome thane 

*I,2-Dichloroethane (Ethylene dichloride) 

*Dichloromethane (Methylene chloride) 

1,2-Dichloropropane (Propylene dichloride) 

2,3-Dichloropropene 

Dichlorotetrafluoroethane 

1,1-Difluoroe thane 

Difluorotetrachloroe thane 

Diiodomethane (Methylene iodide) 

Hexafluoropropylene, monomer 

lodobutane (Butyl iodide) 

*Iodoethane (Ethyl iodide), tech 

Iodoform (Triiodomethane) 

*Iodomethane (Methyl iodide) 

1-Iodoperfluorohexane 

Octafluorocyclobutane 

1,1,2,2-Te^trabromoethane (Acetylene tetrabromide) — 

Tetrabromoethane 

1, 1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane (Acetylene tetrachloride) - 



KF. 
KF. 

BOR, CEL, cue, DUP, MON, NSC, UCC. 
ALD, CCA, CEL, DUP, EK, EMR, EVN, FMP, HAL, KF, 
LIL, PCC, PUB, RH. RT, TNI, UCC, UPR, VND. 



ABB, 


BPC, MCH. 




ABB, 


EK. 




DOW. 






MCH. 






ICI. 






DOW, 


CTL, MCH. 




LIL. 






SDW. 






DUP, 


GAF. 




BPC, 


EK. 




ABB, 


LIL. 




BPC, 


EK. 




BPC. 






DOW. 






MCH. 






X. 






ACS, 


DA, DOW, FMB, FRO, PPG, SFI, TNA. 




CCH, 


DA, DVC, HK, HPC, ICI, KPS, NEV. 




DA, 


DVC, NEV. 




DUP. 






PUB, 


UCC. 




EK. 






ACS, 


DUP, PAS. 




ACS, 


DUP, KAI, PAS, UCC. 




AME, 


DOW, DUP, HPC, PPG, SHC, TNA. 




ACS, 


DA, DOW, DUP, FRO, SFI. 




LIL. 






ACS, 


ANM, DCC, DOW, DUP, FRO, TNA, UCC. 




EK. 






FMP. 






DUP. 






DOW, 


SHC. 




ACS, 


MMM. 




HK, 


MMM. 




DUP, 


PAS, UCC. 




DOW. 






DOW, 


ETD, GIL, HCH, MCH, TNA. 




DOW, 


UCC. 




DUP. 






DUP. 






DUP. 






DUP. 






ACS, 


DUP, KAI, PAS, UCC. 




ACS, 


AME, BFG, CO, DA, DOW, FRO, JCC, PPG, TNA, 


UCC, WYN 


ACS, 


DA, DOW. DUP, FRO, SFI. 




DOW, 


JCC, UCC. 




DOW 






ACS, 


DUP, UCC. 




ACS. 


DUP. 




DUP 


UCC. 




NTB, 


SDW. 




CLB, 


DUP. 




CLB, 


RSA. 




CLB 


EK, FMT, RSA. 




NTB 






CLB 


EK, Wa, RSA. 




TKL 


X. 




DUP 






DOW 






DOW 






DUP 







SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



-Miscellaneous chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1969— Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACyCLIC--Continued 
Ealogenated Eydrooarbons --Cominued 

*TetrachloroethyIene (Perch loroethylene) 

Tetrafluoroethylene, monomer 

Tetrafluoroethylene, polymer 

Tetrafluorome thane 

*l,l,l-TrichIoroethane (Methyl chloroform) 

1,1,2-Trichloroethane (Vinyl trichloride) 

*Trichloroethylene 

*Trichlorofluorome thane 

1,2,3-TrichIoropropane 

1,2,3-Trichloropropene 

Trichlorotrifluoroethane 

Vinyl bromide (Bromoethylene) 

*Vinyl chloride, monomer (Chloroethylene) 

Vinyl fluoride 

Vinylidene chloride, monomer (1,1-DichloroethyIene) 

Vinylidene fluoride 

All other 

All Other Miscellaneous Aayalia Chemicals 

Acetyl peroxide 

Aluminum isopropoxide (Aluminum isopropylate) 

* 2- But an one peroxide 

*tert- Butyl hydroperoxide 

*tert-Butyl peroxide (Di-tert-butyl peroxide) 

Butyrolactone 

*Carbon disulfide 

2-Chloroethanol (Ethylene chlorohydrin) 

Decanoyl peroxide 

Dialdehyde starch 

2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-bis(2-ethyI-l-hexanoylperoxy)hexane-- 

2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di(tert-butylperoxy)hexane 

2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di(tert-butyIperoxy)hexyne-3 

2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-dihydroperoxyhexane 

Epoxides, ethers, and acetals : 

Acetone dimethylacetal (2,2-Dimethoxypropane) 

l-(AIlyloxy)-2,3-epoxypropane (Allyl glycidyl ether) 

Bis (2-chloroethoxy) methane (Dichloroethylformal) 

Bis (2-chloroethyl) ether (Dichlorodiethyl ether) 

Bis (2-chloro-l-methyIethyl) ether (Dichloroisopropyl 
ether) . 

I-Butoxy-2,3-epoxypropane (Butyl glycidyl ether) 

Butylene oxide 

Butyl ether (Di-n-butyl ether) 

Butyl \n.nyl ether 

2-Chloro-l,l-dimethoxyethane (Mmethyl chloroacetal) 

2-Chloroethyl vinyl ether 

Chloromethyl methyl ether 

2,2-Dichloro-l,l-difluoroethyl methyl ether 

Epi chlorohydrin 

*Ethylene oxide 

*Ethyl ether: 

Absolute 

Tech 

U.S.P 

Ethyl vinyl ether — 

Glycidol (2,3-Epoxy-l-propanol) 

Isobutyl vinyl ether 

Isopropyl ether 

Methylal (Dimethoxymethane) 

Methyl ether (Dimethyl ether) 

Methyl vinyl ether 

*Propylene oxide 

Other 

Ethanedi thiol 

Ethanethiol 

2-(Ethylmercapto)ethanol 

Fats and oils, chemically modified 

Glucono-delt a- lactone 



DA, 


DOW, 


DUP, 


PAS 


ACP, 


DUP 


DUP. 




DOW 


PPG 


DOW, 


UCC 


DA, 


DOW, 


ACS, 


DUP 


DOW 


SHC 


DOW. 




ACS, 


DUP 


DOW. 




ACS, 


AME 



DUP, FRO, HK, PPG, SFI, TNA, TTX. 
, TKL. 
, PAS, TKL. 



DUP, HK, PPG, TNA, TTX. 
, KAI, PAS, UCC. 



BFG, CO, DA, DOW, HN, MNO, PPG, TNA, UCC. 



CLB, DUP, DVC, EK, GAP, SDW, UCC. 



AZT, 


WTL. 








CHT, 


KCH. 








AZT, 


CAD, 


NOC, RCI, UPR, 


WTL. 




AZT, 


CAD, 


NOC, UPR, WTL. 






AZT, 


CAD, 


NOC, SHC, UPR, 


WTL. 




GAF. 










ACS, 


FMB, 


PAS, PPG, SFI. 






UCC. 










UPR, 


WTL. 








MLS. 










WTL. 










WTL. 










WTL. 










UPR. 










DOW. 










AAC, 


DOW. 








TKL. 










DOW, 


UCC. 








DOW. 










DOW. 










DOW. 










PUB, 


UCC. 








GAF. 










LIL. 










UCC. 










BPC, 


HK, 


RH. 






DOW. 










DOW, 


SHC. 








CAU, 


CEL, 


DOW, EKX, GAF, 


HCH, JCC, MAT, 


NWP, OMC 


SHC, SNO, UCC, WYN. 






MAL. 










ENJ, 


HPC, 


UCC, USI. 






MAL, 


OMS. 








GAF, 


UCC. 








DIX, 


OTC. 








GAF. 










ENJ, 


SHC, 


UCC. 






CEL. 










COM, 


DUP, 


UCC. 






GAF, 


UCC. 








CEL, 


DOW, 


JCC, OCC, OMC, 


UCC, WYN. 




ALD, 


EK, 


EVN, GAF, ICI, 


UCC. 




RBC. 










EK. 










PLC. 










ABB, 


CHL, 


DOM, SDW. 






DIJ, 


PFZ. 









■inBiii i iim—BM 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



231 



TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Items for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 196 9- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Alt OtheT Miscellaneous Asyalia Chemicals — Continued 

Glutaraldehyde bis (sodium bisulfite) 

Hexachlorodimethyl sulfone 

n-Hexadecyl disulfide 

Hydrocarbons : 

1-Butyne (Ethylacetylene) 

n-Dodecane 

Ethylene, from ethyl alcohol, medicinal grade 

Hexadecane 

Myrcene 

n-Octane 

1-Octadecene 

Propyne (Jlethylacetylene) 

Other 

*Lauroyl peroxide 

Magnesium methylate 

Methanesulfanol 

Methyldisulfide 

Methyl sulfide (Dimethyl sulfide) 

Methyl sulfoxide 

Organo- aluminum compounds: 

Diethylaluminum iodide 

Ethylaluminum chlorides 

Isobutylaluminum chlorides 

Methylaluminum chlorides 

Triethylaluminum 

Triisobutylaluminum , 

Other 

Organo-boron compoimds 

Organo- lead compounds: 

*Tetraethyllead 

*Tetramethyllead 

*Tetra(methyl-ethyl) lead 

Organo- lithiiim compounds 

Organo-magnesium halides 

Organo-mercury compounds 

Organo-silicon compounds: 

Monomers 

*Polymers 

Organo-tin compounds : 

Bis (tributyltin) oxide 

Dibutyltin di chloride 

Dibutylmethoxytin (Dibutyl tin methoxide) 

Other 

Perchloromethanethiol (Perchloromethyl mercaptan) 

Perlargonyl peroxide 

*Phosgene (Carbonyl chloride) 

Pine oil, synthetic 

6-Propiolactone 

Propionyl peroxide 

Rare sugars 

Sodium ethoxide 

Sodium formaldehyde bisulfite 

*Sodium formaldehyde sulfoxylate 

*Sodium methoxide (Sodium methylate) 

Sodium vinyl sulfonate 

Succinyl peroxide 

Tetrakis (hydroxyiiiethyl)phosphonium chloride 

Tributylphosphine 

Tridecyl mercaptan 

Trioctylphosphine oxide 

*Zinc formaldehyde sulfoxylate 

Other 



IDC. 








SFA. 








PAS. 








cue. 








HMY. 








OH. 








HMY. 








IFF. 


NCI. 






HMY. 








HMY. 








cue. 








HMY. 








AZT, 


CAD, 


TEK, 


UPR, WTL 


MRT. 








PAS. 








CRZ. 








CRZ. 








CRZ. 








TSA. 








TNA, 


TSA. 






TNA, 


TSA. 






TNA. 








TNA, 


TSA. 






TNA, 


TSA. 






TNA, 


TSA. 






ACS, 


SFA. 






DUP, 


HCH, 


NLC, 


TNA. 


DUP, 


NLC, 


TNA. 




DUP, 


HCH, 


TNA. 




FTE. 








ARA, 


X. 






NTS. 









DCC, TRC, UCC. 

DCC, ORO, SFA, SPD, UCC. 



CCW, 
CCW, 
CCA. 
CCA, 
CHO. 
WTL. 
ACS, 
CBY, 
GEL. 
WTL. 
PFN, 



CTN, DUP, MOB, OMC, OTC, PPG, RUC, UCC, UPJ, VDM. 
NCI. 



RSA. 



EK, IDC. 

DA, RH, ROY. 

DA, DUP, OMC, RBC, SFA. 

cue. 

WTL. 
HK. 
CCW. 
PAS. 
EK. 

DA, RH, ROY. 

ALD, ALX, ARS, CUC, DA, EK, GAF, LCI, NES, PIC, RSA. 
SDW, SFA, TNA, UCC, WTL, x, x. 



232 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 
TABLE 3.— Miscellaneous chemicals: Directory of Manufacturers, 1969 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


AAC 


Alcolac Chemical Com. 


CIB 


Ciba Chemical § Dye Co. 


AAE 


American Aniline § Extract Co. 


CLE 


Columbia Organic Chemicals Co., Inc. 


ABB 


Abbott Laboratories 


CLK 


Clark Oil 5 Refining Corp., Clark Chemical Co. 


AC I 


Aceto Industrial Chemical Corp. 


CLN 


Standard Brands, Inc., Clinton Com Processing 




Allied Chemical Corp.: 




Co. Div. 


ACN 


Agricultural Div. 


CNC 


Columbia Nitrogen Corp. 


ACP 


Plastics Div. 


CNP 


Columbia Nipro Co. 


ACS 


Specialty Chemicals Div. 


CO 


Continental Oil Co. 


ACY 


American Cyanaraid Co. 


COL 


Collier Carbon 5 Chemical Corp. 


AGY 


Agway, Inc., Nitrogen Div. 


COM 


Commercial Solvents Corp. 


AKL 


Arkla Chemical Corp. 


CP 


Colgate-Palmolive Co. 


AKS 


Arkansas Co. , Inc. 


CRN 


CPC International, Inc. 


ALB 


Ames Laboratories, Inc. 


CRT 


Crest Chemical Corp. 


ALC 


Alco Chemical Corp. 


CRZ 


Crown Zellerbach Corp. , Chemical Products Div. 


ALD 


Aldrich Chemical Co., Inc. 


CTN 


Chemetron Corp., Organic Chemical Div. 


ALF 


Allied Chemical Corp., Fibers Div. 


cue 


Air Reduction Co., Inc., Airco Chemicals 5 


ALX 


Alox Corp. 




Plastics 


AMB 


American Bio-Synthetic Corp. 


CWL 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Cowles Chemical Div. 


AME 


American Chemical Corp. 


CWN 


Upjohn Co., Carwin Organic Chemicals 


ANM 


Ancon Chemical Corp. 






APD 


Atlas Chemical Industries, Inc. 


DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. 


ARA 


Arapahoe Chemicals Div. of Syntex Corp. 


DAN 


Dan River Mills, Inc. 


ABC 


Armour Industrial Chemical Co. 


DBC 


Dow Badische Co. 


ARM 


USS Agri-Chemicals, Inc. 


DCC 


Dow Corning Corp. 


ARS 


Arsynco, Inc. 


DEX 


Dexter Chemical Corp. 


ARZ 


Arizona Chemical Co. 


DIX 


Dixie Chemical Co. 


ASH 


Ashland Oil, Inc., Ashland Chemical Co. Div. 


DLI 


Dawe's Laboratories, Inc. 


ASL 


Ansul Chemical Co. 


DOM 


Dominion Products, Inc. 


ATR 


Atlantic Richfield Co., ARCO Div. 


DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. 


AV 


FMC Corp., American Viscose Div. 


DRW 


Drew Chemical Corp. 


AZT 


Dart Industries, Inc., Aztec Chemicals Div. 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours § Co., Inc. 






DVC 


Dover Chemical Corp. 


BAC 


Baker Castor Oil Co. 






BAX 


Baxter Laboratories, Inc. 


EFH 


E. F. Houghton 5 Co. 


BFG 


B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich Chemical 


EK 


Eastman Kodak Co. : 




Co. Div. 


EKT 


Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 


BFR 


Branchf lower Co. 


EKX 


Texas Eastman Co. Div. 


BKC 


J. T. Baker Chemical Co. 


ELP 


El Paso Products Co. 


BKL 


Millmaster Onyx Corp., Millmaster Chemical 


EMR 


Emery Industries, Inc. 




Co. Div., Berkeley Chemical Dept. 


ENJ 


Enjay Chemical Co. 


BOR 


Borden Co., Borden Chemical Co. Div. 


ESA 


East Shore Chemical Co., Inc. 


BPC 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Benzol Products Div. 


ESC 


Escambia Chemical Corp. 


BRD 


Baird Chemical Industries, Inc. 


ETD 


Ethyl-Dow Chemical Co. 


BUK 


Buckeye Cellulose Corp. 


EVN 


Evans Chemetics, Inc. 


CAD 


Chemetron-Noury Corp. 


FCA 


Farmers Chemical Association, Inc. 


CAU 


Calcasieu Chemical Corp. 


FER 


Ferro Corp. , Ferro Chemical Div. 


CBC 


Georgia-Pacific Corp., Coos Bay Div. 


FIN 


Fine Organics, Inc. 


CBP 


Ciba Pharmaceutical Co. 


FIS 


Fisher Chemical Co., Inc. 


CBY 


Crosby Chemicals, Inc. 




FMC Corp. : 


CCA 


Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc., Advance Div. 


FMB 


Inorganic Chemicals Div. 


CCC 


Chase Chemical Corp. 


FMP 


Organic Chemicals Div. 


CCH 


Pearsall Chemical Co. 


FMT 


Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc. 


CCW 


Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc. 


FRO 


Vulcan Materials Co., Chemicals Div. 


CEL 


Celanese Corp. : 


FTE 


Foote Mineral Co. 




Celanese Chemical Co. 


FTX 


Central Farmer's Fertilizer Co., Fel-Tex Plant 




Celanese Fibers Co. 








Celanese Plastics Co. 


GAF 


GAF Corp., Dyestuff § Chemical Div. 


CFA 


Cooperative Farm Chemicals Association 


CAN 


Gane's Chemical Works, Inc. 


CFC 


Sun Chemical Corp. 


GCC 


W. R. Grace S Co., Agricultural Chemical Group 


CHL 


Chemol, Inc. 


GFS 


G. Frederick Smith Chemical Co. 


CHO 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Calhio Chemicals, 


GGY 


Geigy Chemical Corp. 




Inc. Div. 


GIV 


Givaudan Corp. 


CHT 


Chatteif Drug S Chemical Co., Chattem 


GLD 


SCM Corp., Glidden-Durkee Div. 




Chemicals Div. 


GLY 


Glyco Chemicals, Inc. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 233 

TABLE 3. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Directory of Manufacturers, 196 9- -Continued 



Name of company 



Name of company 



Gulf Oil Corp. -U.S., Gulf Oil Co., 

Chemicals Dept. 
Grain Processing Corp. 

W. R. Grace 5 Co., Polymers 8 Chemicals Div. 
Millmaster Onyx Corp., A. Gross § Co. Div. 
Great Lakes Chemical Corp. 
Goodyear Tire 5 Rubber Co. 

Halby Products Co., Inc. 
C. P. Hall Co. of Illinois 
Houston Chemical Corp. 
Hodag Chemical Corp. 
Hexagon Laboratories, Inc. 
Hooker Chemical Corp. : 

Durez Plastics Div. 
Hawkeye Chemical Co. 

W, R. Grace 8 Co., Hampshire Chemical Div. 
Humphrey Chemical Co. 
Tenneco Chemicals, Inc.: 

Nuodex Div. 
Air Products & Chemicals, Inc., Houdry 

Process § Chemical Div. 
Hercules, Inc. 
Hart Products Corp. 

Harshaw Chemical Co., Div. of Kewanee Oil Co. 
Kraftco Corp., Humko Products Chemical Div. 

ICI America, Inc. 

Industrial Dyestuff Co. 

International Flavors § Fragrances, Inc. 

Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc. 
Nipak, Inc. 
J. Meyer 8 Sons, Inc. 
Jordan Chemical Co. 
Joseph Turner § Co. 

Kaiser Aluminum 5 Chemical Corp., Kaiser 

Chemicals Div. 
Kennecott Copper Corp., Chino Mines Div. 
Keystone Chemurgic Corp. 
Kennecott Copper Corp., Utah Copper Div. 
Ketona Chemical Corp. 
Kay-Fries Chemicals, Inc. 
H. Kohnstamm § Co., Inc. 
Koppers Pittsburgh Co. 
Koppers Co., Inc., Organic Materials Div. 

LaMotte Chemical Products Co. 
Lachat Chemicals, Inc. 
B. L. Lemke S Co., Inc. 
Eli Lilly 8 Co., Inc. 
Lubrizol Corp. 

Mallinckrodt Chemical Works 

Matador Chemical Co., Inc. 

Michigan Chemical Corp. 

Mooney Chemicals, Inc. 

M S T Chemicals, Inc. 

Ventron Corp., Metal Chemicals Div. 

Miles Laboratories, Inc., Marschall Div. 

Minnesota Mining S Manufacturing Co. 

Monochem, Inc. 

Mobay Chemical Co. 

Monsanto Co. 

Mineral Oil Refining Co. 



MRK 
MRT 
MSC 
MTO 
MTR 



NCA 
NCI 
NEP 
NES 
NEV 
NIT 
NLC 
NOC 
NOR 
NPI 
NSC 
NTB 
NTL 



OMC 
OMS 
ONX 
OPC 
ORG 
OTC 

PAR 

PAS 

PCC 

PCW 

PD 

PFN 

PFW 

PFZ 

PG 

PHR 

PIC 

PLB 

PLC 

PLS 
PMP 
PPC 
PPG 
PRD 
PTT 
PUB 

QCP 
QKO 



RCI 

REH 



ROY 
RPC 



Merck 5 Co. , Inc. 
Morton Chemical Co. 
Mississippi Chemical Corp. 
Montrose Chemical Corp. of California 
Chris-Craft Industries, Inc., Montrose 
Chemical Div. 

Northrop Carolina, Inc. 

Union Camp Corp. , Chemical Div. 

Nepera Chemical Co., Inc. 

Nease Chemical Co., Inc. 

Neville Chemical Co. 

Nitrin, Inc. 

Nalco Chemical Co. 

Norac Co., Inc. and Mathe Chemical Co. Div. 

Norwich Pharmacal Co. 

National Polychemicals, Inc. 

National Starch 6 Chemical Corp. 

National Biochemical Co. 

National Lead Co. 

Northwestern Chemical Co. 

Northern Petrochemicals Co. 

Oxirane Chemical Co. 

Air Reduction Co., Inc., Ohio Medical 

Products Div. 
Olin Corp. 

E. R. Squibb 5 Sons, Inc. 
Millmaster Onyx Corp., Onyx Chemical Co. 
Orbis Products Corp. 
Chevron Chemical Co. 
Ott Chemical Co. 

Pennsylvania Refining Co. 

Pennwalt Corp. 

USS Chemicals Div. of U.S. Steel Corp. 

Pfister Chemical Works 

Parke, Davis 5 Co. 

Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc. 

Polak's Frutal Works, Inc. 

Pfizer, Inc. 

Procter 5 Gamble Co. 

Pharmachem Corp. 

Pierce Organics, Inc. 

P-L Biochemicals, Inc. 

Phillips Petroleum Co. § Phillips Pacific 

Chemical Co. 
Plastics Engineering Co. 
Premier Malt Products, Inc. 
Premier Petrochemical Co. 
Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co. 
Productol Chemical CO., Inc. 
Petro-Tex Chemical Corp. 
Publicker Industries, Inc. 

Quaker Chemical Corp. 
Quaker Oats Co. 

Roberts Chemicals Div. of Security Chemicals, 

Inc. 
Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 
Reheis Chemical Co. Div. of Armour Pharmaceutical 

Co. 
Remington Arms Co., Inc. 
Rohm § Haas Co. 
Royce Chemical Co. 
Millmaster Onyx Corp., Refined-Onyx Div. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 
TABLE 3. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Directory of Manufacturers, 1969--Continued 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


RSA 


R.S.A. Corp. 


TEK 


Teknor Apex Co. 


RT 


P. Ritter § Co. 


TER 


Terra Chemicals International, Inc. 


RUB 


Hooker Chemical Corp., Ruco Div. 


TID 


Getty Oil Co. 


RUC 


Rubicon Chemicals, Inc. 


TKL 


Thiokol Chemical Corp. 






TNA 


Ethyl Corp. 


S 


Sandoz-Wander, Inc. 


TNI 


Gillette Chemical Co. Div. of Gillette Co. 


SAR 


Sartomer Resins, Inc. 


TOC 


Tanatex Chemical Corp. 


SBC 


Scher Bros. 


TRC 


Toms River Chemical Corp. 


SDC 


Martin-Marietta Corp., Southern Dyestuff 


TRI 


Triad Chemicals 




Co. Div. 


TRO 


Troy Chemical Co. 




Sterling Drug, Inc.: 


TSA 


Texas Alkyls, Inc. 


SDH 


Hilton-Davis Chemical Co. Div. 


TTX 


Detrex Chemical Industries, Inc. 


SDW 


Winthrop Laboratories Div. 


TX 


Texaco, Inc. 


SF 


Stauffer Chemical Co.: 


TZC 


Tizon Chemical Corp. 


SFA 


Specialty Chemical Div. 






SFI 


Industrial Div. 


UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 


SHC 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 


UOP 


Universal Oil Products Co., UOP Chemical Div. 


SHF 


Kraftco Corp., Sheffield Chemical Co. Div. 


UP J 


Upjohn Co. 


SHL 


Nitine, Inc. Div. of Shulton, Inc. 


UPM 


Universal Oil Products Co. 


SHO 


Shell Oil Co. 


UPR 


Witco Chemical Corp., U.S. Peroxygen Div. 


SHP 


Shepherd Chemical Co. 


USB 


U.S. Borax Research Corp. 


SIN 


Atlantic Richfield Co., Products Div., Mid- 


USI 


National Distillers § Chemical Corp., U.S. 




Continent Area 




Industrial Chemicals Co. Div. 


SK 


Smith, Kline § French Laboratories 


USR 


Uniroyal, Inc., Chemical Div. 


SKG 


Sunkist Growers, Inc. 






SKO 


Skelly Oil Co. 


VDM 


Van De Mark Chemical Co. 


SM 


Mobil Oil Corp., Mobil Chemical Co. Div., 


VEL 


Velsicol Chemical Corp., Inc. 




Industrial Chemical Div. 


VGC 


Virginia Chemicals, Inc. 


SNI 


Kaiser Aluminum S Chemical Corp., Kaiser 


VLN 


Valley Nitrogen Producers, Inc. 




Agricultural Chemicals Div. 


VND 


Van Dyk 5 Co . , Inc . 


SNO 


SunOlin Chemical Co. 


VPC 


Verona Corp. 


SNW 


Sun Chemical Corp., Chemical Div. 






SOC 


Standard Oil Co. of California, Chevron 


WAY 


Phillip A. Hunt Chemical Corp., Wayland 




Chemical Co. 




Chemical Div. 


SOH 


Vistron Corp. 


WBC 


Worthington Biochemical Corp. 


SOI 


American Oil Co. "'(Maryland) 


WBG 


White § Bagley Co. 


SPD 


General Electric Co., Silicone Products Dept. 


WES 


Weston Chemical Corp. 


SRR 


Stresen-Reuter International, International 


m 


Wilson Pharmaceutical 6 Chemical Corp., 




Minerals S Chemical Corp. 




Wilson-Martin Div. 


SYP 


Synthetic Products Co. 


WMP 


Warner Machine Products , Inc . , Warner 
Chemical Div. 


TAE 


Chemetron Corp., National Cylinder Gas Div. 


WOB 


Woburn Chemical Corp. 


TCC 


Tanatex Chemical Corp. 


WSN 


Mallinckrodt Chemical Works, Washine Div. 


TCD 


Tenneco Chemical, Inc., Tenneco Colors Div. 


WTC 


Witco Chemical Co., Inc. 


TCH 


Trylon Chemicals, Inc. 




Pennwalt Corp. : 






WTH 


Harchem Div. 






WTL 


Lucidol Div. 






WYC 


Wycon Chemical Co. 






WYN 


Wyandotte Chemicals Corp. 



Note. --For complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies, refer to table 1 in the Appendix. 



235 



APPENDIX 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 237 

TABLE 1. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1969 

[Names of synthetic organic chemical manufacturers that reported production or sales to the U.S. Tariff Commission for 
1969 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in table 2 of the 14 individ- 
ual sections of this report.] 



Name of company 



Office address 



Abbott Laboratories 

Abex Corp., American Brakelok Div 

Aceto Industrial Chemical Corp. 

Acme Chemical Co ; 

Agway, Inc., Nitrogen Div 

Air Products § Chemicals, Inc., Houdry 

Process 5 Chemical Div. 
Air Reduction Co., Inc.: 

Airco Chemicals 5 Plastics 

Ohio Medical Products Div 

Alco Chemical Corp 

Alcolac Chemical Corp 

Aldrich Chemical Co., Inc 

Alliance Chemical Co., Inc 

Allied Chemical Corp.: 

Agricultural Div 

Fibers Div 

Plastics Div 

Specialty Chemicals Div 

Union Texas Petroleum Div 

Alox Corp 

Alpha Laboratories, Inc 

Amalgamated Chemical Corp 

Amchem Products, Inc 

Amerace-Esna Corp., Chemical Specialties 
Div. 

Amerada Hess, Hess Oil S Chemical Div 

American Aniline S Extract Co., Inc 

American Aniline Products, Inc 

American Bio-Synthetics Corp 

American Can Co 

American Chemical Corp 

American Cyanamid Co 

American Hoechst Corp 

American Oil Co. (Maryland) 

American Oil Co. (Texas) 

American Petrochemical Corp., Mol Rez Div- 
American Potash 6 Chemical Corp., Sub. of 
Kerr-McGee Corp 

American Synthetic Rubber Corp 

Ameripol, Inc 

Ames Laboratories, Inc 

Amoco Chemical Corp 

Ancon Chemical Co3rp 

Ansul Chemical Co 

Apex Chemical Co., Inc 

Applied Plastics Co 

Arapahoe Chemicals Div. of Syntex Corp — 

Ardmore Chemical Co., Inc 

Arenol Chemical Corp 

Arizona Chemical Co 

Arkansas Co., Inc 

Arkla Chemical Corp 

Armour Industrial Chemical Co 

Armour-Dial, Inc 

Armour Pharmaceutical Co 

Armstrong Cork Co 

Armstrong Paint Chemcon, Inc 

Arol Chemical Products Co 

Arsynco, Inc 

Ashland Oil 5 Refining Co 

Ashland Chemical Co, Div 

Astor Products, Inc. Sub. of Winn-Dixie 
Stores , Inc 



14th St. and Sheridan Rd. , N. Chicago, IL 60664. 

2401 S. Loudoun (Paper Mill Rd.), Winchester, VA 22601. 

126-02 Northern Blvd., Flushing, New York, NY 11368. 

2506 N. 32d St., Milwaukee, WI 53245. 

1446 Buffalo St., Clean, NY 10760. 

1339 Chestnut St., Philadelphia, PA 19107. 



150 E. 42d St., New York, NY 10017. 

1400 E. Washington Ave., Madison, WI 53701. 

Trenton Ave. and William St., Philadelphia, PA 19134. 

3440 Fairfield Rd., Baltimore, MD 21226. 

940 W. St. Paul Ave., Milwaukee, WI 53233. 

33 Avenue P, Newark, NJ 07105. 

40 Rector St., New York, NY 10006. 

1411 Broadway, New York, NY 10018. 

P. 0. Box 365, Morristown, NJ 07960. 

Columbia Rd. & Park Ave., Morristown, NJ 07960. 

P. 0. Box 2120, Houston, TX 77001. 

3943 Buffalo Ave., Niagara Falls, NY 14302. 

1685 S. Fairfax St., Denver, CO 80222. 

Ontario and Rorer Sts., Philadelphia, PA 19134. 

Brookside Ave., Ambler, PA 19002. 

74 Hudson Ave., Tanaily, NJ 07670. 

1 Hess Plaza, Woolridge, NJ 07095. 

Venango and F Sts., Philadelphia, PA 19134. 

P. 0. Box 3063, Paterson, NJ 07509. 

710 W. National Ave., Milwaukee, WI 53204. 

100 Park Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

2112 E. 223d St., Long Beach, CA 90810. 

Wayne, NJ 07470. 

129 Quidnick St., Coventry, RI 02816. 
910 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60680. 
910 S.' Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60680. 

3134 California St., NE., Minneapolis, MN 55426. 
Robert S. Kerr Ave., Oklahoma City, OK 73102. 

P. 0. Box 360, Louisville, KY 40201. 

3135 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, OH 44115. 
200 Rock Lane, Milford, CT 06460. 

130 E. Randolph Dr., Chicago, IL 60601. 
1 Stanton St., Marinette, WI 54143. 

1 Stanton St., Marinette, WI 54143. 

200 S. 1st St., Elizabethport, NJ 07206. 

130 Penn St., El Segundo, CA 90245. 

2855 Walnut St., Boulder, CO 80302. 

840 Valley Brook Ave., Lyndhurst, NJ. 07071. 

40-33 23d St., Long Island City, NJ 11101. 

Wayne, NJ 07470. 

185 Foundry St., Newark, NJ 07105. 

P. 0. Box 825, Helena, AK 72342. 

Ill E. Wacker Dr., Chicago, IL 60601. 

Ill E. Wacker Dr., Chicago, IL 60601. 

P. 0. Box 511, Kankakee, IL 60901. 

Liberty and Charlotte Sts., Lancaster, PA 17604. 

1330 S. Kilbourn Ave., Chicago, IL 60623. 

371 Wayne St., Jersey City, NJ 07302. 

P. 0. Box 8, Carlstadt, NJ 07072. 

1401 Winchester Ave., Ashland, KY 41101. 

170 N. High St., Columbus, OH 43215. 

P. 0. Box B, Jacksonville, FL 32203. 



238 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 

TABLE 1. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1969— Continued 



Name of company 



Astra Pharmaceutical Products, Inc 

Atco Chemical Industrial Products, Inc., 
Fine Chemicals Div. 

Atlantic Chemical Corp 

Atlantic Richfield Co.: 

ARCO Chemical Co. Div 

Products Div., Mid-Continent Area 

Atlas Chemical Industries, Inc 

Atlas Processing Co 

Atomic Basic Chemicals Corp 

Avisun Corp 

BASF Corp .--" 

BP Oil Corp 

Baird Chemical Industries 

Baker Castor Oil Co ■ 

J. T. Baker Chemical Co 

Baltimore Paint § Chemical Corp 

Baxter Laboratories, Inc 

Bayoil Co., Inc 

Beecham, Inc 

Beech-Nut, Inc 

Belding Chemical Industries 

Bendix Corp., Friction Materials Div 

Bennett's 

Benzenoid Organics, Inc 

Berncolors-Poughkeepsie, Inc 

Blackman-Uhler Chemical Co 

Borden, Inc., Borden Chemical Div 

Borg-Warner Corp., Marbon Chemical Div 

Boysen Paint Co 

Branchf lower Co 

Bristol-Meyers Co., Bristol Laboratories Di\ 

H. A. Bruder S Sons, Inc 

Buckeye Cellulose Corp 

Buckman i.aboratories, Inc 

Budd Co., Polychem Div 

Burdick § Jackson Laboratories, Inc 

Burroughs Wellcome 6 Co. (U.S. A. 5, Inc 

CPC International, Inc.: 

Acme Resin Co. 'Div 

Penick Div 

Samuel Cabot, Inc 

Calcasieu Chemical Corp 

Carborundum Co., Coated Abrasives 

Cargill, Inc 

Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc 

Advance Div 

Carpenter-Morton Co 

Carus Chemical Co., Inc 

Celanese Corp. of America 

Celanese Coatings Co 

Central Farmers Fertilizer Co., Fel-Tex Div 
Champion Papers, Inc., U.S. Plywood Div., 

California Operations, Shasta Area 

Charlotte Chemical Laboratories 

Charmin Paper Products Co 

Chase Chemical Corp 

Chattem Drug § Chemical Co., Chattem 

Chemicals Div. 

Chemagro Corp 

Chembond Corp 

Chemetron Corp.: 

National Cylinder Gas Div 

Organic Chemical Div 

Pigments Div 

Chemetron-Noury Corp 

Chem-Fleur, Inc 

Chemical Formulators, Inc 

Chemical Insecticide Corp 

Chemlek Laboratories, Inc 



Office address 



7-1/2 Neponset St., Worcester, MA 01606. 
93 Main St., Franklin, NJ 07416. 



10 Kingsland Rd. 



Nutley, NJ 07110. 
Philadelphia, PA 19101. 



260 S. Broad St., 

155 N. Wacker Dr., Chicago, IL 60606. 

Wilmington, DE 19899 and P. 0. Box 87, Jopiin, MO 64801. 

P. 0. Box 9188, 3546 Midway St., Shreveport, LA 71109. 

P. 0. Box 146, Eighty-four, PA 15330. 

River Rd. § Grantham Lane, New Castle, DE 19720. 

Ft. of Central Ave., S. Kearny, NJ 07032. 

Midland Bldg., Cleveland, OH 44115. 

22-10 Route 208, Fair Lawn, NJ 07410. 

40 Avenue A, Bayonne, NJ 07002. 

222 Red School Lane, Phillipsburg, NJ 08865. 

2325 Hollins Ferry Rd., Baltimore, MD 21230. 

6301 Lincoln Ave., Morton Grove, IL 60053. 

2 Union St., Peabody, MA 01960. 

65 Industrial S., Clifton, NJ 07012. 

Church St., Canajoharie, NY 13317. 

1439 Broadway, New York, NY 10018. 

P.O. Box 238, Troy, NY 12180. 

65 W. 1st S. St., Salt Lake City, UT 84110. 

P.O. Box 157, Bellingham, MA 02019. 

75 N. Water St., Poughkeepsie, NY 12602. 

P.O. Box 5627, Spartanburg, SC 29301. 

350 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

P.O. Box 68, Washington, WV 26181. 

42d 5 Linden Sts . , Oakland, CA 94608. 

4501 Shilshole Ave., NW., Seattle, WA 98101. 

Thompson Rd., E. Syracuse, NY 13201. 

52d St. and Grays Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19143. 

2899 Jackson Ave., Memphis, TN 38108. 

1256 N. McLean Blvd., Memphis, TN 38108. 

70 S. Chapel St., Newark, DE 19711. 

1953 S. Harvey St., Muskegon, MI 49442. 

1 Scarsdale Rd., Tuckahoe, NY 10707. 

International Plaza, Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632. 

1401 Circle Ave., Forest Park, IL 60130. 

100 Church St., New York, NY 10-008. 

246 Summer St., Boston, MA 02210. 

P.O. Box 1522, Lake Charles, LA 70601. 

Walmore Rd., Niagara Falls, NY 14302. 

Cargill Bldg., Minneapolis, MN 55402. 

West St., Reading, OH 45215. 

500 Jersey Ave., New Brunswick, NJ 08903. 

376 3d St., Everett, MA 02149. 

1375 8th St., LaSalle, IL 61301. 

522 5th Ave., New York, NY 10036. 

1495 S. nth St., Louisville, KY 40208. 

P.O. Box 68, Fremont, NB 68025. 

P.O. Box 2713, Redding, CA 96002. 

P.O. Box 948, Charlotte, NC 28201. 
800 Hoberg St., Green Bay, WI 54305. 
3527 Smallman St., Pittsburgh, PA 15201. 
1715 W. 38th St., Chattanooga, TN 37409. 

P.O. Box 4913, Station "F", Kansas City, MO 64120. 
P.O. Box 270, Springfield, OR 97477. 

840 N. Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60611. 
P.O. Box 480, Newport, TN 37821. 
P.O. Box 2166, Huntington, WV 25722. 
2153 Lockport-Olcott Rd., Burt, NY 14028. 
200 Pulaski St., Newark, NJ 07105. 
P.O. Box 26, Nitro, IW 25143. 
30 Whitman Ave., Metuchen, NJ 08840. 
4040 W. 123d St., Alsip, IL 60658. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 239 

TABLE 1. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1969 — Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Chemol, Inc 

Chemplex Co 

Chevron Chemical Co 

Childs Pulp Colors, Inc 

Chris-Craft Industries, Inc., Montrose 

Chemical Div. 

Ciba Chemical § Dye Co 

Ciba Argochemical Co 

Ciba Pharmaceutical Co 

Ciba Products Co 

Cities Service Co.: 

Levey Div 

Petrochemicals Group 

Cities Service Oil Co 

Clark Oil § Refining Corp., Clark Chemical Co- 

W. A. Cleary Corp 

Clintwood Chemical Co 

Coastal States Petrochemical Co 

Colgate-Palmolive Co 

Collier Carbon § Chemical Corp 

Colloids, Inc 

Colonial Sugars Co., Sucro-Chemical Div 

Columbia Nipro Corp 

Columbia Nitrogen Corp 

Columbia Organic Chemicals Co., Inc 

Columbian Carbon Co., Inc., 

Chemicals Div. 

Commercial Products Co., Inc 

Commercial Solvents Corp 

Commonwealth Oil Refining Co., Inc 

Commonwealth Petrochemicals, Inc. 

Sub of Commonwealth Oil Refining Co., Inc. 

Conchemco, Inc 

Concord Chemical Co., Inc 

Conoco Plastics 

Consolidated Papers, Inc 

Continental Chemical Co 

Continental Oil Co 

Cook Paint 5 Varnish Co 

Cooperative Farm Chemicals Association 

Coopers Creek Chemical Corp 

Copolymer Rubber I, Chemical Corp 

Cosden Oil 5 Chemical Co 

Cos-Mar Co 

Crest Chemical Corp 

Croda, Inc 

Crompton 5 Knowles Corp., Althouse Div 

Crosby Chemicals, Inc 

Crown Central Petroleum Corp 

Crown Metro, Inc 

Crown Zellerbach Corp., Chemical Products Div- 

Culver Chemical Co 

Cutter Laboratories, Inc ; 

Dan River Mills, Inc 

Dart Industries, Inc.: 

Azetec Chemicals Div 

Fiberfil Div 

Riker Laboratories Div 

Davies -Young Co 

Dawe's Laboratories, Inc 

Degen Oil 5 Chemical Co 

DePaul Chemical Co., Inc 

DeSotOj Inc 

Detrex Chemical Industries, Inc 

Dexter Chemical Corp 

Hysol Div 

Midland Div 

Diamond Plastics, Inc 

Diamond Shamrock Corp 



P.O. Box 20687, Greensboro, NC 27420. 
3100 Golf Rd., Rolling Meadows, IL 60008. 
200 Bush St., San Francisco, CA 94120. 
43 Summit St., Brooklyn, NY 11231. 
100 Lister Ave., Newark, NJ 0710S. 

Route 208, Fair Lawn, NJ 07410. 
556 Morris Ave., Summit, NJ 07901. 
556 Morris Ave., Summit, NJ 07901. 
556 Morris Ave., Summit, NJ 07901. 

380 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

380 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

P.O. Box 300, Tulsa, OK 74101. 

131st St. 5 Kedzie Ave., Blue Island, IL 60406. 

P.O. Box 749, New Brunswick, NJ 08903. 

4342 S. Wolcoth Ave., Chicago, IL 60609. 

P.O. Drawer, Corpus Christi, TX 78403. 

300 Park Ave., New York, NY 10022. 

461 S. Boyston, Los Angeles, CA 90017. 

394 Frelinghuysen Ave., Newark, NJ 07114. 

Gramercy, LA 70052. 

P.O. Box 1483, Augusta, GA 30903. 

P.O. Box 1483, Augusta, GA 30903. 

912 Drake St., Columbia, SC 29205. 

P.O. Box 1522, Lake Charles, LA 70601. 

117 Ethel Ave., Hawthorne, NJ 07641. 
245 Park Ave., New York, NY 10017. 
P.O. Box 3623, Ponce, PR 00731. 
P.O. Box 3623, Ponce, PR 00731. 

18th § Garfield Sts., Kansas City, MO 64127. 

17th & Federal Sts., Camden, NJ 08105. 

P.O. Box 236, Wilton, CT 06897. 

Wisconsin Rapids, WI 54494. 

270 Clifton Blvd., Clifton, NJ 07015. 

Park-Eighty Plaza East, Saddle Brook, NJ 07662. 

P.O. Box 389, Kansas City, MO 64141. 

P.O. Box 308, Lawrence, KS 66044. 

River Rd., W. Conshohocken, PA 19428. 

P.O. Box 2591, Baton Rouge, LA 70821.. 

P.O. Box 1311, Big Spring, TX 79720. 

P.O. Box 11, Carville, LA 70721. 

225 Emmet St., Newark, NJ 07114. 

51 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10010. 

500 Pear St., Reading, PA 19603. 

P.O. Box 460, DeRidder, LA 70634. 

P.O. Box 1168, Baltimore, MD 21203. 

12 Dudley St., Providence, RI 02905. 

Camas, WA 98607. 

1502 N. 25th St., Melrose Park, IL 60160. 

4th and Parker Sts., Berkeley, CA 94710. 

Danville, VA 24541. 

P.O. Box 756, Elyria, OH 44035. 

1701 N. Heidelbach Ave., Evansville, IL 47717. 

19901 Nordhoff St., Northridge, CA 91324. 

70S Albany St., Dayton, OH 45401. 

4800 S. Richmond St., Chicago, IL 60632. 

200 Kellogg St., Jersey City, NJ 07305. 

44-27 Purvis St., Long Island City, NY 11101. 

1700 S. Mt. Prospect Ave, Des Plaines, IL 60018. 

14331 Woodrow Wilson, Detroit MI 48232. 

845 Edgewater Rd., Bronx, NY 10474. 

211 Franklin St., Clean, NY 14760. 

E. Water St., Waukegan, IL 60085. 

P.O. Box 666, Paramount, CA 90723. 

300 Union Commerce Bldg., Cleveland, OH 44114. 



240 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 

TABLE 1. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1969- -Continued 



Name of company 



Diversey Corp., Diversey Chemical Co. Div 

Dixie Chemical Co 

Dixie Chemical Products, Inc 

Dixie Pine Products Co., Inc 

Dominion Products, Inc 

Dover Chemical Co 

Dow Badische Chemical Co 

Dow Chemical Co 

Dow Coming Corp 

Drew Chemical Corp 

Frank W. Dunne Co 

Duplan Corp., Rochester Button Div 

E. I. duPont de Nemours § Co., Inc 

Dye Specialties, Inc 

Eastern Color 5 Chemical Co 

Eastman Kodak Co 

Tennessee Eastman Co. Div 

Texas Eastman Co. Div 

East Shore Chemical Co., Inc 

Eastside Chemical Laboratory 

Elan Chemical Co 

Electro-Seal Glasflex Corp 

El Paso Products Co 

Emery Industries, Inc 

Emkay Chemical Co 

Endo Laboratories, Inc 

Eneco, Inc 

Enjay Chemical Co 

Enjay Fibers § Laminates Co. Div 

Epoxylite Corp 

Escambia Chemical Corp 

Ethyl Corp 

Ethyl-Dow Chemical Co 

Evans Chemetics, Inc 

FMC Corp . : 

American Viscose Div 

Inorganic Chemicals Div 

Niagara Chemical Div 

Organic Chemicals Div 

Nitro Plant 

FRP Company 

Fabricolor Manufacturing Corp 

Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc 

Farac Oil 5 Chemical Co. Div. of Handschy 
Chemical Co. 

Far-Best Corp., 0. L. King Div 

Farmers Chemical Association, Inc 

Farmer's Chemical Co 

Famow, Inc 

Felton International, Inc 

Ferro Corp. : 

Ferro Chemical Div 

Ottawa Chemical Div 

Fine Organics, Inc 

Firestone Tire S Rubber Co.: 

Firestone Foam Products Co 

Firestone Plastics -Co. Div 

Firestone Synthetic Rubber 6 Latex Co. Div 

First Chemical Corp 

Fisher Chemical Co., Inc 

Fisher Melamine Corp 

Fleming Laboratories, Inc 

Florasynth Laboratories, Inc 

Foote Mineral Co 

Formica Corp 



Office address 



212 W. Monroe St., Chicago, IL 60606. 
3635 W. Dallas Ave., Houston, TX 77019. 
3635 W. Dallas Ave., Houston, TX 77019. 
P.O. Box 470, Hattiesburg, MS 39401. 
882 3d Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11232. 
ISth and Davis Sts., Dover, OH 44622. 
P.O. Drawer "D", Williamsburg, VA 23605. 
Hopkins Bldg., Midland, MI 48640. 
P.O. Box 1592, Midland, MI 48640. 
416 Division St., Boonton, NJ 07005. 
1007 41st St., Oakland, CA 94608. 
300 State St., Rochester, NY 14614. 
DuPont Bldg., Wilmington, DE 19898. 
26 Journal Sq., Jersey City, NJ 07306. 

35 Livingston St., Providence, RI 02904. 

343 State St., Rochester, NY 14650. 

P.O. Box 511, Kingsport, TN 37662. 

P.O. Box 7444, Longview, TX 75601. 

1221 Barney Ave., Muskegon, MI 49443. 

12880 Bellevue-Richmond Rd. , Bellevue, WA 98004. 

268 Doremus Ave., Newark, NJ 07105. 

Stirling, NJ 07980. 

P.O. Box 3986, Odessa, TX 79760. 

4300 Carew Tower, Cincinnati, OH 45202 and 

8733 S. Dice Rd. , Santa Fe Springs, CA 90670. 
319 2d St., Elizabeth, NJ 07206. 
1000 Stewart Ave., Garden City, NY 11530. 
P.O. Box 398, Memphis, TN 38101. 
P.O. Box 201, Florham Park, NJ 07932. 
Odenton, MD 21113. 

1428 N. Tyler Ave., S. El Monte, CA 91733. 
P.O. Box 467, Pensacola, Fl 32570. 
330 S. 4th St., Richmond, VA 23217. 
Midland, MI 48640. 
90 Tokeneke Rd., Darien, CT 06820. 



1617 John F. Kennedy Blvd., Philadelphia, PA 19103. 
633 3d Ave., New York, NY 10017 and Sawyer Ave. 5 

River Rd., Town of Tonawanda, NY 14150. 
100 Niagara St., Middleport, NY 1410S. 
633 3d Ave., New York, NY 10017. 
633 3d Ave., New York, NY 10017. 
P.O. Box 349, Baxley, GA 31513. 
24-1/2 Van Houten St., Paterson, NJ 07505. 
117 Blanchard St., Newark, NJ 07105. 
13601 S. Ashland Ave., Riversale, IL 60627. 

640 Gilman St., Berkeley, CA 94710. 

P.O. Box 87, Harrison, TN 37341. 

P.O. Box 591, 3713 W. Main St., Kalamazoo, MI 49005. 

77 Jacobus Ave., S. Kearny, NJ 07032. 

599 Johnson Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11237. 

P.O. Box 349, 7050 Kreck Rd., Bedford, OH 44146. 
700 N. Wheeling St., Toledo, OH 43605. 
205 Main St., Lodi, NJ 07644. 

P.O. Box 2290, Fall River, MA 02777. 

P.O. Box 699, Pottstown, PA 19464. 

381 W. Wilbeth Rd., Akron, OH 44301. 

P.O. Box 1427, Pascagoula, MS 39567. 

580 Sylvan Ave., Englewood, NJ 07632. 

580 Sylvan Ave., Englewood, NJ 07632. 

P.O. Box 10372, Charlotte, NC 28201. 

900 Van Nest Ave., Bronx, NY 10462. 

Route 100, Exton, PA 19341. 

4614 Spring Grove Ave., Cincinnati, OH 45232. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 241 

TABLE 1.-- Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 196 9- -Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Foster Grant Co., Inc 

Foster-Heaton Co 

France, Campbell S Darling, Inc 

Freeman Chemical Corp 

Frisch S Co., Inc 

Fritzsche Dodge § Olcott, Inc 

H. B. Fuller Co 

Fuller-O'Brien Corp 

GAF Corp.: 

Dyestuff § Chemical Div 

Textile Chemical Div 

Gane's Chemical Works, Inc 

Geigy Chemical Corp 

General Electric Co 

Laminated Products Dept 

Insulating Materials Dept 

Silicone Products Dept 

General Foods Corp., Maxwell House Div 

General Latex 5 Chemical Corp 

General Mills Chemicals, Inc 

Chemical Div 

General Plastics Manufacturing Co 

General Tire § Rubber Co., Chemical Div 

P. D. George Co 

Georgia-Pacific Corp.: 

Bellingham Div 

Coos Bay Div 

Getty Oil Co 

Gillette Chemical Co. Div. of Gillette Co--- 

Gilman Paint § Varnish Co 

Givaudan Corp 

Glyco Chemicals, Inc 

B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich Chemical 
Co. Div. 

Goodyear Tire § Rubber Co 

Gordon Corp 

Gordon Chemical Co., Inc 

W. R. Grace § Co. : 

Agricultural Chemical Group 

Dubois Chemicals Div 

Hampshire Chemical Div 

Hatco Chemical Div 

Marco Chemical Div 

Polymers § Chemicals Div 

Vestal Laboratories Div 

Grain Processing Corp 

Great American Chemical Corp 

Great Lakes Chemical Corp 

Great Western Sugar Co 

Guardsman Chemical Coatings, Inc 

Gulf Oil Corp. --U.S. 

Gulf Oil Co., Chemicals Dept 

Gulf Adhesives 

Guth Corp 

H § N Chemical Co 

Haag Laboratories, Inc 

Halby Products Co., Inc 

C. P. Hall Co. of Illinois 

Hampden Color & Chemical Co 

Hanna Chemical Coatings Corp 

Harshaw Chemical Co. Div. of Kewanee Oil Co- 
Hart Products Corp 

Haveg Industries, Inc 

Hawkeye Chemical Co 

Hercor Chemical Corp 

Hercules, Inc 

Imperial Color 5 Chemical Dept 



289 N. Main St., Leominster, MA 01453. 
16 E. 5th St., Paterson, NJ 07524. 
N. Michigan Ave., Kenilworth, NJ 07033. 
'222 E. Main St., Port Washington, WI 53074. 
88 E. 11th St., Paterson, NJ 07524. 
76 9th Ave., New York, NY 10011. 
2400 Kasota Ave., St. Paul, MN 55108. 
450 E. Grand Ave., S. San Francisco, CA 94080. 



P.O. Box 12, Linden, NJ 07036. 

1228 Chestnut St., Chattanooga, TN 37402. 

535 5th Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

444 Saw Mill River Rd., Ardsley, NY 10502. 

1 Plastics Ave., Pittsfield, MA 01201. 

1 Plastics Ave., Coshoctor, OH 43812. 

1 River Rd., Schenectady, NY 12305. 

Waterford, NY 12188. 

1125 Hudson St., Hoboken, NJ 07030. 

666 Main St., Cambridge, MA 02139. 

4620 W. 77th St., Minneapolis, MN 55435. 

Quimby Street, Ossining, NY 10562. 

3481 S. 35th St., Tacoma, WA 98409. 

1 General St., Akron, OH 44309. 

5200 N. 2d St., St. Louis, MO 63147. 

P.O. Box 1236, Bellingham, WA 98225. 

P.O. Box 869, Coos Bay, OR 97420. 

Delaware City, DE 19706. 

P.O. Box 362, N. Chicago, IL 60064. 

W. 8th and Pine Sts., Chattanooga, TN 37401. 

125 Delawanna Ave., Clifton, NJ 07014. 
Greenwich, CT. 06830. 

3135 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, OH 44137. 

1144 E. Market St., Akron, OH 44313. 
300 S. 3d St., Kansas City, KS 66118. 
88 Webster St., Worcester, MA 01603. 

P.O. Box 277, Memphis, TN 38101. 

634 Broadway, Cincinnati, OH 45202. 

Poisson Ave., Nashua, NH 03060. 

629 Amboy St., Edison, NJ 08817. 

1711 W. Elizabeth Ave., Linden, NJ 07036. 

50 Independence Rd., Octon, MA 01720. 

4963 Manchester Ave., St. Louis, MO 63110. 

1600 Oregon St., Muscatine, LA 52761. 

85 Water St., Fitchburg, MA 01420. 

P.O. Box 2200, West Lafayette, IN 47906. 

P.O. Box 5308, Terminal Annex, Denver, CO 80217. 

1350 Steele Ave., SW., Grand Rapids, MI 49502. 

P.O. Box 2100, Houston, TX 77001. 

632 N. Cannon Ave., Lansdale, PA 19446. 

332 S. Center St., Hillside, IL 60162. 

90 Maltese Dr., Totowa, NJ 07512. 
14010 S. Seeley Ave., Blue Island, IL 60406. 
600 Terminal Ave., New Castle, DE 19720. 
7300 S. Central Ave., Chicago, IL 60638. 

126 Memorial Dr., Springfield, MA 01101. 
P.O. Box 147, Columbus, OH 43216. 

1945 E. 97th St., Cleveland, OH 44106. 

1440 Broadway, New York, NY 10018. 

900 Greenbank Rd., Wilmington, DE 19808. 

P.O. Box 899, Clinton, LA 52733. 

P.O. Box 3623, Ponce, PR 00731. 

910 Market St., Wilmington, DE 19899. 

P.O. Box 231, Glen Falls, NY 12803. 



242 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 

TABLE 1. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory or manufacturers, by company, 1969— Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Heresite § Chemical Co 

Heterochemical Corp 

Hewitt Soap Co., Inc 

Hexagon Laboratories, Inc 

Hodag Chemical Corp 

Hoffmann-LaRoche, Inc 

Hoffman-Taff, Inc ■ 

Hooker Chemical Corp 

Durez Div 

Ruco Div 

E. F. Houghton S Co 

Houston Chemical Corp 

Humphrey Chemical Co 

Philip A. Hunt Chemical Corp., Wayland 
Chemical Div. 

Huntington Laboratories, Inc 

Husky Briquetting, Inc 

Hynson, Westcott 5 Dunning, Inc 

ICl America, Inc 

ITT Rayonier, Inc 

Imoco-Gateway Corp., Chemical Services Div-- 

Industrial Biochemicals, Inc 

Industrial Dyestuff Co 

Inland Steel Co., Inland Steel Container Co- 
Inmont Corp 

International Flavors 5 Fragrances, Inc 

International Minerals 5 Chemical Corp 

Interplastic Corp., Commercial Resins Div — 
Interstate Chemical Co 

lonac Chemical Co. Div. of Sybron Corp 

Ironsides Resins, Inc 

Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc 

Jennison-Wright Corp 

Andrew Jergffns Co 

Jersey State Chemical Co .- 

Jewel Paint § Varnish Co 

Jones-Blair Paint Co 

Jordan Chemical Co 

Kaiser Aluminum 5 Chemical Corp.: 

Kaiser Agricultural Chemicals Div 

Kaiser Chemical Div 

Kali Manufacturing Co 

Kay-Fries Chemicals, Inc 

Kelly-Mopre Paint Co ; 

Kelly-Pickering Chemical Corp 

Kennecott Copper Corp.: 

Chino Mines Div 

Utah Copper Div 

Kenrich Petrochemicals, Inc 

Ketona Chemical Corp 

Keysor Chemical Corp 

Keystone Chemurgic Corp 

Keystone Color Works, Inc 

Knapp Products, Inc 

Kohler-McLister Paint Co 

H. Kohnstamm S Co., Inc 

Koppers Co., Inc. Organic Materials Div — 

Koppers Pittsburgh Co 

Kraftco Corp. : 

Humko Products Div 

Sheffield Chemicals Div 

Kyanize Paints, Inc 

Lachat Chemicals, Inc 

Lakeside Laboratories Div. of Colgate- 
Palmolive Co. 



822 S. 14th St., Manitowoc, WI 54220. 

Ill E. Hawthorne Ave., Valley Stream, NY 11S80. 

333 Linden Ave., Dayton, OH 45403. 

3536 Peartree Ave., Bronx, NY 10469. 

7247 N. Central Park Ave., Skokie, IL 60076. 

324 Kingsland St., Nutley, NJ 07110. 

P.O. Box 1246 S.S.S., Springfield, MO 65805. 

Buffalo Ave. § 47th St., Niagara Falls, NY 14302. 

Walck Rd., N. Tonawanda, NY 14121. 

New South Rd., Hicksville, NY 11802. 

303 W. Lehigh Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19133. 

1 Gateway Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15222. 

Devine St., North Haven, CT 06473. 

P.O. Box 0, Lincon, RI 02865. 

P.O. Box 710, Huntington, IN 46750. 

P.O. Box 380, Cody, WY 82414. 

Charles and Chase Sts., Baltimore, MD 21201. 

151 South St., Stamford, CT 06904. 

161 E. 42d St., New York, NY 10017. 

Howard 5 West Sts., Baltimore, MD 21230. 

U.S. Highway #1, Edison, NJ 08817. 

P.O. Box 4249, E. Providence, RI 02914. 

4300 W. 130th St., Chicago, IL 60658. 

1133 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10036. 

521 W. 57th St., New York, NY 10019. 

5401 Old Orchard Rd. , Skokie, IL 60078. 

2015 NE. Broadway St., Minneapolis, MN 55413. 

501 Santa Fe, Kansas City, MO 64105. 

Birmingham, NJ 08011. 

270 W. Mound St., Columbus, OH 43216. 

P.O. Box 53300, Houston, TX 77052. 

P.O. Box 691, Toledo, OH 43601. 

2535 Spring Grove Ave., Cincinnati, OH 45214. 

59 Lee Ave., Haledon, NJ 07508. 

345 N. Western Ave., Chicago, IL 60612. 

6969 Denton Dr., Dallas, TX 75235. 

1830 Columbia Ave., Folcraft, PA 19032. 



P.O. Box 246, Savannah, GA 31402. 

P.O. Box 337, Gramercy, LA 70052. 

427 Moyer St., Philadelphia, PA 19125. 

360 Lexington Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

1015 Commercial St., San Carlos, CA 94070. 

956 Bransten Rd., San Carlos, CA 94070. 

Hurley, NM 88043. 

P.O. Box 11299, Salt Lake City, UT 84111. 

Foot of E. 22d St., Bayonne, NJ 07002. 

P.O. Box 6565, Tarrant Branch, Birmingham, AL 35217. 

26000 Springfield Rd., Saugus, CA 91350. 

R.D. 2, Bethlehem, PA 18017. 

151 W. Gay Ave., York, PA 17403. 

180 Hamilton Ave., Lodi, NJ 07644. 

1201 Osage St., Denver, CO 80201. 

161 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10013. 

Koppers Bldg., Pittsburgh, PA 15219. 

Koppers Bldg., Pittsburgh, PA 15219. 

5050 Poplar Ave., Memphis, TN 38117. 

2400 Morris Ave., Union, NJ 07083. 

2d and Boston Sts., Everett, MA 02149. 

20200 Ashland Ave., Chicago Heights, IL 60411. 
1707 E. North Ave., Milwaukee, WI 53201. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 243 

TABLE 1. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1969 — Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Lake States Div. of St. Regis Paper Co 

Lakeway Chemical Co 

LaMotte Chemical Products Co 

Laurel Products Corp 

Leatex Chemical Co 

Lebanon Chemical Corp 

Lehn 5 Fink Products, Inc. Beacon Div 

B. L. Lemke S Co., Inc 

Leonard Refineries, Inc 

Lever Brothers Co 

C. Lever Co 

Lignin Products Co., Inc 

Eli Lilly 5 Co 

Lubrizol Corp 

George Lueders § Co., Inc 

M § T Chemicals, Inc 

Magruder Color Co., Inc 

Mallinckrodt Chemical Works 

Washine Div 

Marathon Oil Co., Texas Refining Div 

Marblette Co. Div. of Allied Products Corp- 

Marden-Wild Corp 

Marlowe-Van Loan Corp 

Martin-Marietta Corp.: 

Ridgway Color § Cheijical Div 

Southern Dyestuff Co. Div 

Max Marx Color 5 Chemical Co 

Masonite Corp., Alpine Chemical Div 

Matador Chemical Co., Inc 

Mathe Chemical Co. Div. of Norac Co., Inc- 

Otto B. May, Inc 

McCloskey Varnish Co 

McLaughlin Gormley King Co 

Merck § Co., Inc 

Merichem Co 

J. Meyer § Sons, Inc 

Michigan Chemical Corp 

Midwest Manufacturing Corp 

Miles Laboratories, Inc.: 

Marschall Div 

Union Div ' 

Millmaster Onyx Corp.: 

A. Gross § Co. Div 

Millmaster Chemical Div., Berkeley 
Chemical Dept. 

Onyx Chemical Co. Div 

Refined-Onyx Div 

Mineral Oil Refining Co 

Minnesota Mining § Manufacturing Co 

Minnesota Paints, Inc 

Miranol Chemical Co., Inc 

Mississippi Chemical Corp 

Missouri Chemical Co 

Mobay Chemical Co 

Mobil Chemical Co 

Mobil Oil Corp 

Mobil Chemical Co., Industrial 

Chemical Div. 

Molded Fiber Glass Companies, Inc 

Mona Industries, Inc 

Monochem, Inc 

Monsanto Co 

Bircham Bend Plant 



603 W. Davenport St., Rhinelander, WI 54501. 

5025 Evanston Ave., Muskegon, MI 49443. 

Chestertown, MD 21620. 

2600 E. Tioga St., Philadelphia, PA 19134. 

2722 N. Hancock St., Philadelphia, PA 19133. 

P.O. Box 180, Lebanon, PA 17042. 

33 Richdale Ave., Cambridge, MA 02140. 

195-203 Main St., Lodi, NJ 07644. 

E. Superior St., Alma, MI 48801. 

390 Park Ave., New York, NY 10022. 

Howard and Huntington Sts., Philadelphia, PA 19133. 

P.O. Box 1440, Erie, PA 16512. 

307 E. McCarty St., Indianapolis, IN 46206 and G.P.O. 

Box 4388, San Juan, PR 00936. 
29400 Lakeland Blvd., Wickliffe, OH 44092. 
427 Washington St., New York, NY 10013. 

Woodridge Rd. § Randolph Ave., P.O. Box 1104', 

Rahway, NJ 07065. 
1 Virginia St., Newark, NJ 07114. 
3600 N. 2d St., St. Louis, MO 63147. 
16S Main St., Lodi, NJ 07644. 
P.O. Box 1191, Texas City, TX 77590. 
37-31 30th St., Long Island City, NY 11101. 
500 Columbia St., Somerville, MA 02143. 
1511 Joshua Circle, High Point, NC 27260. 

75 Front St., Ridgway, PA 15853. 

P.O. Box 10098, Charlotte, NC 28201. 

192 Coit St., Irvington, NJ 07111. 

P.O. Box 2392, Gulfport, MS 39503. 

P.O. Box 2256, Wichita, KS 67201. 

169 Kennedy Dr., Lodi, NJ 07644. 

52 Amsterdam St., Newark, NJ 07105. 

7600 State Rd., Philadelphia, PA 19136. 

1715 SE. 5th St., Minneapolis, MN 55414. 

Lincoln Ave., Rahway, NJ 07065. 

1914 Haden Rd., Houston, TX 77015. 

4321 N. 4th St., Philadelphia, PA 19140. 

351 E. Ohio St., Chicago, IL 60611. 

Oak St. and Bluff Rd., Burlington, lA 52601. 

Myrtle 5 McNaughton Sts., Elkhart, IN 46514. 
900 19th St., Granite City, IL 62040. 

99 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016. 
99 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 

190 Warren St., Jersey City, NJ 07302. 

624 Schuyler Ave., Lyndhurst, NJ 07071. 

P.O. Drawer C, Dickinson, TX 77539. 

3M Center, St. Paul, MN 55101. 

1101 S. 3d St., Minneapolis, MN 55415. 

277 Coit St., Irvington, NJ 07111. 

P.O. Box 388, Yazoo City, MS 39194. 

P.O. Box 788, St. Joseph, MO 64502. 

Penn Lincoln Parkway, W. Pittsburgh, PA 15205. 

P.O. Box 3868, Beaumont, TX 77704; 7301 Bessemer Ave., 
Cleveland, OH 44127; 12815 Elmwood St., Cleveland, 
OH 44111 and P.O. Box 250, Edison, NJ 08817. 

P.O. Box 900, Dallas, TX 75221. 

401 E. Main St., Richmond, VA 23219. 

4601 Benefit Ave., Ashtabula, OH 44004. 

65 E. 23d St., Paterson, NJ 07524. 

P.O. Box 488, Geismar, LA 70734. 

P.O. Box 120, Santa Clara, CA 95052; 800 N. Lindbergh 

Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63166 and 200 N. 7th St., 

Kenilworth, NJ 07033. 
190 Grochmal Ave., Indian Orchard, MA 01051'. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 
TABLE l.--Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1969- -Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Monsanto Co- -Continued 

Chocolate Bayou Plant 

Plastics Div 

Textiles Div 

Montrose Chemical Corp. of Califomia--- 

Mooney Chemicals Inc 

Benjamin Moore § Co 

Moretex Chemical Products, Inc 

Morton Chemical Co 

Morton International, Inc., 
Morton Chemical Co., Div. 

Motomco, Inc 

Murphy-Phoenix Co ■ 

Nalco Chemical Co 

National Biochemical Co 

National Casein Co 

National Distillers 5 Chemical Corp.: 

U.S. Industrial Chemicals Co. Div 

National Lead Co 

National Petro Chemical Corp 

National Polychemicals, Inc 

National Starch 6 Chemical Corp 

Nease Chemical Co., Inc 

Nepera Chemical Co., Inc 

Neville Chemical Co 

Nilok Chemicals, Inc 

Nipak, Inc 

Nitini, Inc. Div, of Shulton, Inc 

Nitrin, Inc 

A. P. Nonweiler Co 

Norac Co., Inc 

Norda Essential Oil 5 Chemical Co., Inc 

Norris Paint § Varnish Co 

North American Chemical Co 

Northern Petrochemical Co 

Northrop Carolina, Inc 

Northwestern Chemical Co 

Vamey Div 

Northwest Petrochemical Corp 

Norwich Pharmacal Co 

Nostrip Chemical Works, Inc 

Novamont Corp., Neal Works 

Nyanza, Inc 

O'Brien Corp 

Occidental Chemical Co 

Olin Corp 

Agricultural Chemicals Div 

Thompson Plastics 

Orbis Products Corp 

Organics, Inc 

Original Bradford Soap Works, Inc 

C. J. Osbom Co 

Ott Chemical Co 

Ownes-Coming Fiberglas Corp 

Oxirane Chemical Co 

P-L Biochemicals, Inc 

PPG Industries, Inc 

Pabco Paint Corp 

Pacific Resins 5 Chemical Co 

Pan American Petroleum Corp 

Pantasote Co. of New York, Inc 

Parke, Davis S Co 

fassaic Color § Chemical Co 



P.O. Box 711, Alvin, TX 77511. 

730 Worcester St., Indian Orchard, MA 01101; 

5100 W. Jefferson Ave., Trenton, MI 48183; 

River Rd., Addyston, OH 45001 and P.O. Box 1311, 

Texas City, TX 77591. 
800 N. Lindbergh Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63166 and 

P.O. Box 1507, Pensacola, FL 32502. 
500 S. Virgil Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90005. 
2301 Scranton Rd., Cleveland, OH 44113. 
548 5th Ave., New York, NY 10036. 

314 W. Henry St., P.O. Box 1799, Spartanburg, SC 29301. 
110 N. Wacher Dr., Chicago, IL 60606. 

110 N. Wacker Dr., Chicago, IL 60606. 

89 Terminal Ave., Clark, NJ 07066. 
9505 Cassius Ave., Cleveland, OH 44105. 

180 N. Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60601. 
3127 W. Lake St., Chicago, IL 60612. 
601 W. 80th St., Chicago, IL 60620. 

99 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 

111 Broadway, New York, NY 10006. 
99 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 
51 Eames St., Wilmington, MA 01887. 
750 3d Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

P.O. Box 221, State College, PA 16801. 

Route 17, Harriman, NY 10926. 

Neville Island P.O., Pittsburgh, PA 15225. 

5030 Millington Rd., P.O. Box 27134, Memphis, TN 38127. 

301 S. Harwood St., Dallas, TX 75221. 

697 Rt. 46, Clifton, NJ 07015. 

P.O. Box 233, Cordova, IL 61242. 

P.O. Box 1007, Oshkosh, WI 54901. 

405 S. Motor Ave., Azusa, CA 91703. 

475 10th Ave., New York, NY 10001. 

P.O. Box 2023, Salem, OR 97308. 

19 Chestnut St., Cambridge, MA 02139. 

2200 E. Devon Ave., Des Plaines, IL 60018. 

P.O. Box 3049, Asheville, NC 28802. 

120 N. Aurora St., W. Chicago, IL 60185. 

2001 Afton Rd., Janesville, WI 53545. 

P.O. Box 99, Anacortes, WA 98221. 

17 Eaton Ave., Norwich, NY 13815. 

P.O. Box 160, Pedricktown, NJ 08067. 

P.O. Box 189, Kenova, WV 25530. 

Magunko Rd., Ashland, MA 01721. 

2001 W. Washington Ave., South Bend, IN 46621. 

P.O. Box 198, Lathrop, CA 95330. 

120 Long Ridge Rd., Stamford, CT 06904. 

1120 Marshall St., P.O. Box 991, Little Rock, AR 72203. 

P.O. Box 317, Assonet, MA 02702. 

475 10th Ave., New York, NY 10018. 

1724 W. Greenleaf Ave., Chicago, IL 60628. 

200 Providence St., W. Warwick, RI 02893. 

1301 W. Blancke St., Linden, NJ 07036. 

500 Agard Rd., Muskegon, MI 49945. 

P.O. Box 901, Toledo, OH 43601. 

10801 Choate Rd., Houston, TX 77062. 

1037 W. McKinley Ave., Milwaukee, WI 53205. 

1 Gateway Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15222. 

1710 59th St., P.O. Box 8502, Emeryville, CA 94608. 

3400 13th Ave. SW. , Seattle, WA 98134. 

P.O. Box 591, Tulsa, OK 74102. 

26 Jefferson St., Passaic, NJ 07055. 

Jos. Campau at the River, Detroit, MI 48207. 

28-36 Paterson St., Paterson, NJ 07501. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 245 

TABLE 1. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1969- -Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



C. H. Patrick § Co., Inc 

Pearsall Co 

Peck's Products Co 

Peerless Chemical Co 

Pelron Corp 

Pennsylvania Industrial Che.iiical Corp 

Pennsylvania Refining Co 

Pennwalt Corp 

Harchem Div 

Lucidol Div 

Perry 5 Derrick Co., Inc 

Peter Hand, Inc 

Petrochemicals Co., Inc 

Petro-Tex Chemical Corp 

Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc 

Pfister Chemical, Inc 

Pfizer Inc 

Pharmachem Corp 

Phillips Petroleum Co 

Phillips Pacific Chemical Co 

Phillips Puerto Rico Cove, Inc 

Pierce Organics, Inc 

Pilot Chemical Co 

Pioneer Chemical Works, Inc 

Pioneer Plastics Corp 

Pitt-Consol Chemical Co 

Plastics Engineering Co 

Plastics Manufacturing Co 

Plex Chemical Corp 

Plumb Chemical Corp 

Polak's Frutal Works, Inc 

Polychemical Laboratories, Inc 

Polymer Corp 

Polymer Industries, Inc 

Poly Resins 

Polyrez Co., Inc 

Polyvinyl Chemicals, Inc. Div. of 

Beatrice Foods Co. 

Pontiac Refining Corp 

Pratt 5 Lambert, Inc 

Premier Malt Products, Inc 

Premier Petrochemical Co 

Princeton Chemical Research, Inc 

Procter S Gamble Co 

Proctor Chemical Co., Inc 

Productol Chemical Co., Inc 

Products Research 5 Chemical Corp 

Publicker Industries, Inc 

Puerto Rico Chemical Co., Inc 

Purex Corp., Ltd 

Puritan Chemical Co 

Quaker Chemical Corp 

Quaker Oats Co 

K. J. Quinn § Co., Inc 

R.S.A. Corp 

Rachelle Laboratories, Inc 

Raybestos-Manhattan, Inc., Raybestos Div- 

Red Spot Paint 5 Varnish Co., Inc 

Reheis Chemical Co. Div. of Armour 

Pharmaceutical Co. 
Reichhold Chemicals, Inc 

Reilly Tar § Chemical Corp 

Reliance Universal, Inc 

Rel-Rez Div 

Remington Arms Co., Inc '■ 



P.O. Box 2526, Greensville, SC 29602. 

P.O. Box 108, Phillipsburg, NJ 08865. 

610 E. Clarence Ave., St. Louis, MO 63147. 

3850 Oakman Blvd., Detroit, MI 48204. 

7847 W. 47th St., Lyons, IL 60534. 

120 State St., Clairton, PA 15025. 

Union Bank Bldg., Butler, PA 16001. 

Three Penn Center, Philadelphia, PA 19102. 

P.O. Box 220, Dover, NJ 44622. 

1740 Military Rd., Buffalo, NY 14240. 

2510 Highland Ave., Norwood, OH 45212. 

2 E. Madison St., Waukegan, IL 60085. 

1825 E. Spring St., Long Beach, CA 90806. 

P.O. Box 2584, Houston, TX 77001. 

1219 Glen Rock Ave., Waukegan, IL 60085. 

P.O. Box IS, Ridgefield, NJ 07657. 

235 E. 42d St., New York, NY 10017. 

Broad and Wood Sts., Bethlehem, PA 18018. 

440 Frank Phillips Bldg., Bartlesville, OK 74003. 

P.O. Box 6008, Kennewich, WA 99336. 

GPO Box 4129, San Juan, PR 00936. 

P.O. Box 98, Rockford, IL 61105. 

11756 Burke St., Santa Fe Springs, CA 90670. 

P.O. Box 237, Route 73, Maple Shade, NJ 08052. 

Pionite Rd., Auburn, ME 04210. 

191 Doremus Ave., Newark, NJ 07105. 

1607 Geele Ave., Sheboygan, WI 53081. 

2700 S. Westmoreland Ave., Dallas, TX 75224. 

1205 Atlantic St., Union City, CA 94487. 

4837 James St., Philadelphia, PA 19137. 

33 Sprague Ave., Middletown, NY 10940. 

490 Hunts Point Ave., Bronx, NY 10474. 

2120 Fairmont Ave., Reading, PA 19603. 

Viaduct Rd., Springdale, CT 06879. 

11655 Wicks St., Sun Valley, CA 91352. 

P.O. Box 320, Woodbury, NJ 08096. 

730 Main St., Wilmington, MA 01887. 

P.O. Box 9176, Corpus Christi, TX 78408. 
P.O. Box 22, Buffalo, NY 14240. 
917 W. Juneau Ave., Milwaukee, WI 53201. 
P.O. Box 100, Pasadena, TX 77501. 
P.O. Box 651, Princeton, NJ 08540. 
Ivorydale Technical Ctr., Cincinnati, OH 45217. 
P.O. Box 399, Salisbury, NC 28144. 
615 S. Flower St., Los Angeles, CA 90017. 
2919 Empire Ave., Burbank, CA 91504. 
1429 Walnut St., Philadelphia, PA 19102. 
P.O. Box 496, Arecibo, PR 00612. 
5101 Clark Ave., Lakewood, CA 90712 and 
2244 N. Elston Ave., Chicago, IL 60614. 
916 Ashby St., NW. , Atlanta, GA 30318. 

Lime S Elm Sts., Conshohocken, PA 19428. 

345 Merchandise Mart Plaza, Chicago, IL 60654. 

195 Canal St., Maiden, MA 02148. 

690 Sawmill River Rd., Ardsley, NY 10502. 
700 Henry Ford Ave., Long Beach, CA 90810. 
75 E. Main St., Stratford, CT 06497. 
966 E. Columbia St., Evansville, IN 47708. 
325 Snyder Ave., Berkeley Heights, NJ 07922. 

525 N. Broadway, White Plains, NY 10602 and 

2508 E. Bailey Rd., Cuyahoga Falls, OH 44221. 
1615 Merchants Bank, Indianapolis, IN 46204. 
6901 Cavalcade St., Houston, TX 77001. 
4730 Crittenden Dr., Louisville, KY 40221. 
939 Bamum Ave., Bridgeport, CT 06602. 



246 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 

TABLE 1. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1969— Continued 



SK 

SOL 

SLC 

SVT 

SFD 

SNC 

STC 

SAC 

SOP 

SPE 

SOS 

SPL 

OMS 

UBS 

STA 

SMC 

CLN 



Name of company 



Retzloff Chemical Co 

Rexene Polymers Co 

Rhodia, Inc 

Richardson Co 

Polymeric Div 

F. Ritter § Co 

Ritter Chemical Co., Inc 

Riverdale Chemical Co 

Robeco Chemicals, Inc 

Roberts Chemicals Div. of Security 

Chemicals, Inc. 

Roehr Chemicals, Inc 

Rogers Corp 

Rohm § Haas Co 

Rosenberg Bros. 5 Co 

Royce Chemical Co 

Rubicon Chemicals, Inc 

SCM Corp. : 

Glidden-Durkee Div 

Safeway Stores, Inc., Brookside Div-- 

Salem Oil § Grease Co 

Salsbury Laboratories 

Salvo Chemical Corp 

Sandoz-Wander, Inc 

Sandoz Color 5 Chemical Div 

Sartomer Resins, Inc 

Schaefer Varnish Co., Inc-- 

Schenectady Chemicals, Inc 

Scher Bros., Inc 

R. P. Scherer Corp 

Schering Corp 

Scholler Bros., Inc '■ 

Seaboard Chemicals, Inc 

G. D. Searle § Co 

Selney Co., Inc 

Seydel-Woolley S Co., Inc 

Shanco Plastics S Chemicals, Inc 

Shell 5 Commonwealth Chemicals, Inc- 

Shell Oil Co 

Shell Chemical Co. Div 

Shepherd Chemical Co 

Sherwin-Williams Co 

George F. Siddall Co., Inc 

Signal Oil & Gas Co 

Simpson Timber Co 

Sinclair-Koppers Co 

Sinclair-Koppers Chemical Co 

Sinclair Paint Co 

Sipes Chemical Coatings Co 

Skelly Oil Co 

G. Frederick Smith Chemical Co 

Smith, Kline § French Laboratories-- 

Solar Chemical Corp 

Soluol Chemical Co., Inc 

Solvent Chemical Co., Inc 

Sonford Chemical Co 

Sonoco Products Co 

Sou-Tex Chemical Co., Inc 

Southeastern Adhesives Co 

Southern Chemical Products Co 

Southern Petrochemicals Corp 

Southern Sizing Co 

Spaulding Fibre Co., Inc 

E. R. Squibb 5 Sons, Inc 

Staley Chemicals 

A. E. Staley Manufacturing Co 

Stamford Chemical Industries 

Standard Brands, Inc., Clinton Corn 
Processing Co. Div. 



Office address 



P.O. Box 45296, Houston, TX 77045. 

P.O. Box 37, Paramus, NJ 07652. 

600 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10022. 

2708 Lake St., Melrose Park, IL 60160. 

425 Morgan Lane, West Haven, CT 06516. 

4001 Goodwin Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90039. 

403 W. Main St., Amsterdam, NY 12010. 

220 E. 17th St., Chicago Heights, IL 60411. 

51 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10010. 

P.O. Box 546, Nitro, WV 25143. 

52-20 37th St., Long Island City, NY lllOI. 

Main St., Rogers, CT 06263. 

Independence Mall West, Philadelphia, PA 19105. 

100 Landing Ave., Smithtown, NY 11787. 

P.O. Box 237, E. Rutherford, NJ 07073. 

P.O. Box 517, Geosmar, LA 70734. 



2333 W. Logan Blvd., Chicago, IL 60647. 

1111 Marina Blvd., San Leandro, CA 94577. 

60 Grove St., Salem, MA 01970. 

2000 Rockford Rd., Charles City, lA 50616. 

Military Rd. , Rothschild, WI 54474. 

P.O. Box 357, Fair Lawn, NJ 07410. 

Route No. 10, Hanover, NJ 07936. 

P.O. Box 56, Essington, PA 19029. 

1350 S. 15th St., Louisville, KY 40210. 

Congress St. and 10th Ave., Schenectady, NY 12301. 

P.O. Box 538, Allwood Station, Clifton, NJ 07012. 

9425 Grinnell Ave., Detroit, MI 48213. 

1011 Morris Ave., Union, NJ 07083. 

Collins and Westmoreland Sts . , Philadelphia, PA 19134. 

30 Foster St., Salem, MA 01970. 

P.O. Box 5110, Chicago, IL 60680. 

185 Court St., Brooklyn, NY 11201. 

762 Marietta Blvd., NW., Atlanta, GA 30318. 

Ill Wales St., Tonawanda, NY 14150. 
P.O.' Box 3623, Ponce, PR 00731. 
P.O. Box 2463, Houston, TX 77001. 
52 W. 52d St., New York, NY 10020. 

5000 Poplar St., Cincinnati, OH 45212. 

101 Prospect Ave., NW., Cleveland, OH 44101. 

P.O. Box 925, Spartanburg, SC 29301. 

P.O. Box 5008, Houston, TX 77012. 

2301 N. Columbia Blvd., Portland, OR 97217. 

900 Koppers Bldg., Pittsburgh, PA 15219. 

9822 La Porte Freeway, Houston, TX 77012. 

3960 E. Washington Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90023. 

P.O. Box 13090, Pittsburgh, PA 15243. 

P.O. Box 1650, Tulsa, OK 74102. 

867 McKinley Ave., Columbus, OH 43223. 

1500 Spring Garden St., Philadelphia, PA 19101. 

P.O. Box 90, Leominster, MA 01453. 

Green Hill and Market Sts., W. Warwick, RI 02893. 

341 Commercial St., Maiden, MA 02148. 

P.O. Box 127, Port Neches, TX 77651. 

2d St., Hartsville, SC 29550. 

E. Catawba Ave., Mount Holly, NC 28120. 

P.O. Box 791, Lenoir, NC 28645. 

420 Lower Boundary St., P.O. Box 205, Macon, GA 31202. 

2121 S. Columbia, Tulsa, OK 74114. 

P.O. Box 90987, East Point, GA 30344. 

310 Wheeler St., Tonawanda, NY 14150. 

Georges Rd., New Brunswich, NJ 08903. 

320 Schuyler Ave., Kearny, NJ 07032. 

22d and Eldorado Sts., Decatur, IL 62525. 

P.O. Box 1131, Stamford, CT 06940. 

1251 Beaver Channel Parkway, Clinton, lA 52733. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 



TABLE 1. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1969--Continued 



Name of company 



Standard Brands Chemical Industries, Inc 

Standard Chemical Products, Inc 

Standard Chlorine of Delaware, Inc 

Standard Oil Go. of California, Chevron 
Chemical Co. 

Standard Oil Co. of Ohio 

Standard Pyroxoloid Corp 

Stange Co 

Stauffer Chemical Co. : 

Agricultural Div 

Benzol Products Div 

Calhio Chemicals Div 

Cowles Chemical Div 

Industrial Chemical Div 

Specialty Chemical Div 

Stepan Chemical Co 

Maywood Div 

Sterling Drug, Inc.: 

Glenbrook Laboratories Div 

Hilton-Davis Chemical Co. Div 

Thomasset Colors Div 

Winthrop Laboratories Div 

Stresen-Reuter International, 

International Minerals 5 Chemical Corp. 
Styrochem Corp. Sub. of Commonwealth 
Oil Refining Co., Inc. 

Sugar Beet Products Co 

Sun Chemical Corp 

Ansbacher-Siegle Div 

Chemicals Div 

Federal Color Laboratories Div 

General Printing Ink Div 

Sunkist Growers, Inc 

Sun Oil Co., Sunoco Div 

SunOlin Chemical Co 

Suntide Refining Co 

Swift 5 Co., Swift Chemical Co. Div 

Synthetic Products Co 

Synvar Corp 

Tanatex Chemical Corp 

Charles S. Tanner Co 

Teknor Apex Co 

Tenneco Chemicals, Inc 

Cal/Ink Div 

Nuodex Div 

Tenneco Colors Div 

Tenneco Oil Co., Refining 5 Marketing 

Accounting. 
Tennessee Copper Co. Div. of Tennessee Corp- 

Terra Chemicals International, Inc 

Texaco, Inc 

Texas Alkyls, Inc ; 

Texas-U.S. Chemical Co 

Tex Chem Co 

Texize Chemicals, Inc 

Textilana Corp 

Textilana-Nease, Inc 

Textron, Inc., Spencer Kellogg Div 

Thiokol Chemical Corp 

Thomason Industries, Inc., Southern Resin 

Div. 
Wm. T. Thomspon Co., Thompson 
Chemicals Div. 

Thompson-Hayward Chemical Co 

Tizon Chemical Corp 

Toms River Chemical Corp 

Arthur C. Trask Co 



Office address 



P.O. Drawer K, Dover, DE 19901. 
1301 Jefferson St., Hoboken, NJ 07030. 
1035 Belleville Turnpike, Kearny, NJ 07032. 
200 Bush St., San Francisco, CA 94120. 

Midland Bldg., Cleveland, OH 44115. 
85 Pleasant St., Leominster, MA 01453. 
342 N. Western Ave., Chicago, IL 60612. 

299 Park Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

Menlo Park Office Bldg., Edison, NJ 08817. 

299 Park Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

12000 Shaker Blvd., Cleveland, OH 44120. 

299 Park Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

299 Park Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

R.R. #1, Elwood, IL 60421. 

100 W. Hunter Ave., Maywood, NJ 07607. 

90 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 

2235 Langdon Farm Rd., Cincinnati, OH 45237. 

120 Lister Ave., Newark, NJ 07105. 

90 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 

400 W. Roosevelt Ave., Bensenville, IL 60106. 

P.O. Box 3623, Ponce, PR 00731. 

302 Waller St., Saginaw, MI 48605. 
1106 Harrison Ave., Kearny, NJ 07032. 
441 Tompkins Ave., Staten Island, NY 10305. 
Route 91, Wood River Junction, RI 02894. 
4526 Chickering Ave., Cincinnati, OH 4S232. 
135 W. Lake St., North Lake, IL 60164. 
720 E. Sunkist St., Ontario, CA 91764. 
1608 Walnut St., Philadelphia, PA 19103. 
P.O. Box F, Claymont, DE 19703. 
P.O. Box 2608, Corpus Christi, TX 78403. 
1211 W. 22d St., Oak Brook, IL 60521. 
1636 Wayside Rd., Cleveland, OH 44112. 
917 Washington St., Wilmington, DE 19899. 

P.O. Box 388, Lyndhurst, NJ 07071. 

450 Furman Hall Rd., Greensville, SC 29608. 

505 Central Ave., Pawtucket, RI 02662. 

280 Park Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

711 Camelia St., Berkeley, CA 94710. 

P.O. Box 2, Piscataway, NJ 08854. 

P.O. Box 51, Reading, PA 19603. 

P.O. Box 2511, Houston, TX 77001. 

Copperhill, TN 37317. 

610 Davidson Bldg., Sioux City, lA 51121. . 

135 E. 42d St., New York, NY 10017. 

P.O. Box 600, Deer Park, TX 77536. 

P.O. Box 667, Port Neches, TX 77651. 

20-21 Wagaraw Rd., Fair Lawn, NJ 07410. 

P.O. Box 368, Greenville, SC 29602. 

12607 Cerise Ave., Hawthorne, CA 90250. 

2140 S. 88th St., Edwardsville, KS 66022. 

120 Delaware Ave., Buffalo, NY 14240. 

P.O. Box 27, Bristol, PA 19007. 

P.O. Drawer 1600, Fayetteville, NC 28302. 

10512 Baur Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63132. 

5200 Speaker Rd., Kansas City, KS 66110. 
Flemington, NJ 08822. 
P.O. Box 71, Toms River, NJ 08753. 
327 S. LaSalle St., Chicago, IL 60604. 



248 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1969 



TABLE 1. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1969 — Continued 




Office address 



Triad Chemical 

Troy Chemical Co 

Trylon Chemicals, Inc 

Joseph Turner 5 Co 

USS Agri-Chemicals, Inc 

USS Chemicals Div. of U.S. Steel Corp 

Paul Uhlich § Co., Inc 

Ungerer § Co 

Union-Camp Corp., Chemical Div 

Union Carbide Corp 

Union Oil Co. of California 

Uniroyal, Inc., Chemical Div 

United Chemical Corp. of Norwood 

United Chemical Products Corp 

United-Erie, Inc 

United Merchants § Manufacturers, Inc., Roma 

Chemical Div. 

U.S. Borax Research Corp 

U.S. Oil Co 

U.S. Pipe 5 Foundry Co 

Universal Chemicals Corp 

Universal Oil Products Co 

UOP Chemical Div 

Upjohn Co 

Carwin Organic Chemicals 

Valchem 

Valentine Sugars, Inc 

Valley Nitrogen Producers, Inc 

Van De Mark Chemical Co. , Inc 

Vanderbilt Chemical Corp 

Van Dyk 5 Co., Inc 

Velsicol Chemical Corp 

Ventron Corp . : 

Chemicals Div 

Metal Chemicals Div 

Vermilye-Bell 

Verona Corp 

Vickers Refining Co., Inc 

Vineland Chemical Co 

Virginia Chemicals, Inc 

Vistron Corp 

Silmar Div 

Vitamins, Inc 

Vulcan Materials Co., Chemicals Div 

Wamer-Jenkinson Manufacturing Co 

Warner Machine Products, Inc., Warner 
Chemical Div. 

West Coast Adhesives Co 

Westinghouse Electric Corp., Industrial 
Plastics Div., Chemical Products Plant. 

Weston Chemical Co., Inc 

Westvaco Corp. : 

Chemical Div., Tall Oil Dept 

Polychemicals Div 

Weyerhaeuser Co 

White § Bagley Co 

White § Hodges, Inc 

Whitmoyer Laboratories, Inc 

Whittaker Corp., Research 5 Development 

Whittemore-Wright Co., Inc 

Wica Chemicals, Inc 

Wilson Phsrmaceutical 5 Chemical Corp.: 

Wilson Laboratories Div 

Wilson-Martin Div 



P.O. Box 310, Donaldsonville, LA 70346. 

338 Wilson Ave., Newark, NJ 07105. 

P.O. Box 600, Mauldin, SC 29662. 

Pleasant View Terrace, Ridgefield, NJ 07451. 

P.O. Box 1685, Atlanta, GA 30301. 

Grant Bldg. , Pittsburgh, PA 15219. 

90 West St., New York, NY 10006. 

161 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10013. 

P.O. Box 6170, Jacksonville, FA 32205. 

270 Park Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

Union Oil Center, Los Angeles, CA 90017. 

Emic Bldg., Naugatuck, CT 06770. 

P.O. Box 367, Endicott St., Norwood, MA 02062. 

York and Colgate Sts . , Jersey City, NJ 07302. 

438 Huron, Erie, PA I65I2. 

749 Quequechan St., Fall River, MA 02721. 

3075 Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90005. 



P.O. Box 4228, E. 
3300 1st Ave. N., 
1224 Mendon Rd. , 
30 Algonquin Rd. , 
State Highway 17, 
7171 Portage Rd. 



Providence, RI 02914. 
Birmingham, AL 35202. 
Ashton, RI 02864. 
Des Plaines, IL 60018. 
E. Rutherford, NJ 07073. 
Kalamazoo, MI 49001. 



Sackett Point Rd., North Haven, CT 06413. 

1407 Broadway, New York, NY 10018. 

726 IVhitney Bldg., New Orleans, LA 70130. 

1221 Van Ness Ave., Fresno, CA 93721. 

N. Transit Rd., Lockport, NY 14094. 

33 Winfield St., E. Norwalk, CT 06801. 

Main 5 Williams Sts., Belleville, NJ 07109. 

341 E. Ohio St., Chicago, IL 60611. 

Park Place E. , Wood Ridge, NJ 07075. 

Congress St., Beverly, MA 01915. 

21707 Bothell Way, Bothell, WA 98011. 

lorio Ct., P.O. Box 385, Union, NJ 07083. 

P.O. Box 2240, Wichita, KS 67201. 

W. IVheat Rd., Vineland, NJ 08360. 

3340 W. Norfolk Rd., Portsmouth, VA 23703. 

Midland Bldg., Cleveland, OH 44115. 

12335 S. Van Ness Ave., Hawthorne, CA 90250. 

401 N. Michigan Ave., Suite 2730, Chicago, IL 60611. 

P.O. Box 545, Wichita, KS 67201. 

2526 Baldwin St., St. Louis, MO 63106. 
1200 Rochester Ave., Muncie, IN 47302. 



11104 NW. Front Ave. 
Manor, PA 15665. 



Portland, OR 97231. 



103 Spring Valley Rd., Montvale, NJ 07645. 

P.O. Box 5207, N. Charleston, SC 29406. 

P.O. Box 5207, N. Charleston, SC 29406. 

115 S. Palmetto Ave., Marshfield, WI 54449. 

P.O. Box 1171, Worcester, MA 01601. 

576 Lawrence St., Lowell, MA 01852. 

19 N. Railroad St., Myerstown, PA 17067. 

3540 Aero Ct . , San Diego, CA 92123. 

62 Alford St., Boston, MA 02129. 

P.O. Box 506, Charlotte, NC 28201. 

4221 S. Western Blvd., Chicago, IL 60609. 
Jackson and Swanson Sts., Philadelphia, PA 19148. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 



249 



TABLE 1. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1969--Continued 



Identi- 
fication 
code 


Name of company 


Office address 


WTC 
IPI 
UPR 
WCC 
WAW 
WON 
WBC 
WYN 
WYC 
WYT 

YAW 


Witco Chemical Co., Inc 


P.O. Box 305, Paramus, NJ 07652. 
P.O. Box 1681, Wilmington, DE 19899. 






P.O. Box 1243, Wilmington, CA 90744. 
108 Spring St., Everett, MA 02149. 
176 Sunnyside Ave., Woonsocket, RI 02895. 
Halls Mills Rd., Freehold, NJ 07728. 
1609 Biddle Ave., Wyandotte, MI 48192. 
P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, CO 80901. 
P.O. Box 8299, Paoli, PA 19101. 

2731 Boston St., Baltimore, MD 21224. 




Woonsocket Color 5 Chemical Co 






Wyeth Laboratories, Inc., Wyeth Laboratories 
Div. of /anerican Home Products Corp. 

J. S. Young Co., Young Aniline Works Div 



♦ 



U.S. IMPORTS OF BENZENOID INTERMEDIATES 
AND FINISHED BENZENOID PRODUCTS 



Table 2 summarizes for 1968 and 1969, U.S. imports of benzenoid chemicals and products entered 
under the Tariff Schedules of the United States (TSUS) , schedule 4, part 1, subparts B and C. The 
data, which were obtained by analyzing invoices covering imports through the principal U.S. customs 
districts, are given in detail in a separate report of the Tariff Commission. ' 

Industrial organic chemicals that are entered under Schedule 4, part IB, consist chiefly of 
benzenoid intermediates and small quantities of acyclic compounds which are derived in whole or in part 
from benzenoid compounds. Also included are mixtures and small quantities of finished products not 
specially provided for in part IC (e.g., rubber-processing chemicals). In 1969, general imports enter- 
ed under part IB and analyzed by the Tariff Commission comprised 653 items with a total weight of 78.2 
million pounds, and an invoice value of $38.9 million compared with 71.4 million pounds, with an invoice 
value of $38.8 million in 1968. In 1969, 365 items were declared to be "competitive" (duty based on 
"American selling price"). In terms of value, 46 percent of all the intermediates imported came from 
West Germany; 21 percent, from Japan; and 10 percent, from Switzerland. 

Finished organic chemical products entered under part IC include dyes, pigments, medicinals, flavor 
and perfume materials, and certain other specified products. In 1969, imports comprised 2,205 listed 
items, with a total weight of 60.0 million pounds and an invoice value of $77.7 million, compared with 
2,198 items, with a total weight of 55.4 million pounds and an invoice value of $68.4 million in 1968. 
Dyes were the most important group of finished products, with imports valued at $37.2 million or 47.9 
percent of the value of all imports under IC. 



-Industrial organic ahemicats and finished benzenoid products: U.S. 
imports, classified by use, 1968 and 1969 



general 



Industrial organic chemicals ' 

Finished benzenoid products, total 

Dyes, total 

Acid 

Azoic dyes 

Azoic components : 

Fast color bases 

Fast color salts 

Naphthol AS and its derivatives 

Basic 

Direct 

Disperse 

Fiber-reactive 

Fluorescent brightening agents — 

Mordant 

Solvent 

Sulfur 

Vat 

All other 

Pigments (toners and lakes) 

Medicinals and pharmaceuticals 

Flavor and perfume materials 

All other" 



Quantity 


Invoice 
value 


Quantity 


Invoice 
value 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


pounds 


dollars 


pounds 


dollars 


71,426 


38,820 


78,188 


38,899 


55,414 


68,436 


59,969 


77,712 


19,133 


33,722 


23,123 


37,217 


3,055 


_ 


2,826 


- 


2 


- 


6 


- 


798 


_ 


681 


_ 


297 


- 


249 


- 


716 


- 


946 


- 


1,356 


- 


1,659 


- 


1,155 


- 


1,209 


- 


3,743 


- 


5,525 


- 


1,909 


- 


2,009 


- 


423 


- 


1,089 


- 


411 


- 


331 


- 


385 


- 


389 


- 


154 


- 


83 


- 


4,585 


- 


5,912 


- 


146 


- 


209 


- 


1,990 


4,307 


3,356 


6,241 


4,134 


11,710 


4,963 


13,929 


2,478 


4,022 


2,739 


4,920 


27,679 


14,675 


25,788 


15,405 



1 

2 Includes intermediates, and small quantities of unspecified finished products. 

J Imports of azoic dyes in 1968 were 353 pounds. 

^ Includes ingrain dyes. 

Includes organic pesticides and related products, plasticizers, surface-active agents, 
and textile assistants. 



Source: Compiled from the records of the U.S. Bureau of Customs. 



Imports of Benzenoid Chemicals and Products, 1969, TC Publication 328, 1970 [processed].