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Full text of "Synthetic organic chemicals"

BOSTON 

PUBLIC 

LIBRARY 




13- 

UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

United States Production 
and Sales, 1970 

TC Publication 479 




Boston Public Library 
Superintendent of Documents 

JUN14 1972 



RECENT REPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION ON 
SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1965 (TC Publication 206, 

1967), $1.00 
Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1966 (TC Publication 248, 

1968), $1.50 
Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1967 (TC Publication 295, 

1969), $2.00 
Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1968 (TC Publication 327. 

1970), $2.00 
Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1969 (TC Publication 412. 

1971), $2.00 



NOTE.— The reports listed above may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Governmen 
Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. All U.S. Tariff Commission reports reproduced by the Government Printin 
Office may be consulted in the official depository libraries throughout the United States. 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

United States Production 
and Sales, 1970 



UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF 
SECTION 332 OF THE TARIFF 
ACT OF 1930, AS AMENDED 



U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
WASHINGTON : 1972 



TC Publication 479 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Catherine Bedell, Chairman 
Joseph O. Parker, Vice Chairman 
Glenn W. Sutton 
Will E. Leonard, Jr. 
George M. Moore 
J. Banks Young 

Kenneth R. Mason, Secretary 



Address all communications 

UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Washington, D.C. 20436 



4 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 - Price $2 

Stok Number 4900-0030 



CONTENTS 

Page 

Introduction 1 

Summary 3 

General 4 

Tar and tar crudes 7 

Crude products from petroleum and natural gas 

for chemical conversion 13 

Cyclic intermediates 21 

Dyes 55 

Organic pigments 91 

Medicinal chemicals 101 

Flavor and perfume materials 123 

Plastics and resin materials 135 

Rubber -processing chemicals 147 

Elastomers 155 

Plasticizers 159 

Surface -active agents 167 

Pesticides and related products 197 

Miscellaneous chemicals 207 

Appendix: 

Directory of manufacturers 247 

Uo So imports of benzenoid chemicals 

and products 261 



HI 



Introduction 

This is the fifty-fourth annual report of the U.S. Tariff Commission on domestic production and sales of 
synthetic organic chemicals and the raw materials from which they are made. It is authorized under the provisions 
of section 332 of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended. The report consists of fourteen sections, each covering a 
specified group (based principally on use) of organic chemicals as follows: tar and tar crudes; crude products from 
petroleum and natural gas; intermediates; dyes; pigments; medicinal chemicals; flavor and perfume materials; plastics 
and resin materials; rubber-processing chemicals; elastomers; plasticizers; surface-active agents; pesticides and 
related products; and miscellaneous organic chemicals. Data have been supplied by more than 800 producers. 

The first table in each section gives statistics on products and groups of products in as great detail as is 
possible without revealing the operations of individual producers. Statistics for an individual chemical or group 
of chemicals are given only when there are three or more producers, no one or two of which may be predominant. More- 
over, even when there are three or more producers, statistics are not given if there is any possibility that their 
publication would violate the statutory provisions relating to unlawful disclosure of information accepted in con- 
fidence by the Commission. ' 

Data are reported by producers for only those items where the volume of production or sales exceeds 1,000 pounds 
or the value of sales exceeds $1,000. They are usually given in terms of undiluted materials; however, products of 
95 percent or more purity are considered to be 100 percent pure. Commercial concentrations are applied to dyes, 
certain plastics and resins, and a few solvents; such concentrations are specifically noted. 

The statistics given in this report include data from all known domestic producers of the items covered and in- 
clude the total output of each company's plants, i.e., the quantities produced for consumption within the producing 
plant, as well as the quantities produced for domestic and foreign sale. The quantities reported as produced, there- 
fore, generally exceed the quantities reported as sold. Some of these differences, however, are attributable to 
changes in inventory. 

The second table in each section lists all items for which data on production or sales have been reported, by 
primary manufacturers, identified by manufacturers' codes. Each code consists of not more than three capital letters 
which is assigned on a permanent basis. The third table in each section is a directory, alphabetized by the codes 
of the manufacturers reporting in that section. Table 1 of the Appendix is a directory, alphabetized by the names of 
the manufacturers reporting in all sections and includes their office addresses. 

Information on the synonymous names of the organic chemicals included in this report may be found in the SOCMA 
Handbook: Commercial Organic Chemical Homes, published by the Chemical Abstracts Service of the American Chemical 
Society, or the Colour Index (2d edition), published by the Society of Dyers and Colourists. 

Table 2 of the Appendix summarizes and gives the competitive status of U.S. general imports in 1970 of benzenoid 
intermediates and finished benzenoid products, entered under schedule 4, parts IB and IC, of the Tariff Schedules of 
the United States. 

As specified in the reporting instructions sent to manufacturers, production and sales (unless otherwise 
specified) are defined as follows: 

PRODUCTION is the total quantity of a commodity made available 
by original manufacturers only. It is the sum — expressed in terms 
of 100% active ingredient unless otherwise specified in the reporting 
instructions — of the quantities: 

Produced, separated, and consumed in the same plant or 
establishment. A commodity is considered separated 
when it is isolated from the reaction system and/or 
when it is weighed, analyzed, or otherwise measured. 
This includes byproducts and coproduats that are not 
classifiable as waste materials; 
Produced and transferred to other plants or establish- 
ments of the same firm; 
Produced and sold to other firms, including production 
for another under a toll agreement {i.e., an agreement, 
under which one firm furnishes the raw materials' and 
pays the processing costs and the other firm prepares 
the finished product and returns it to the first firm) . 
Produced and held in stock. 



' Title 18, U.S.C. 1905 and Title 44, U.S.C. 3508 



I 



INTRODUCTION 



PRODUCTION EXCLUDES; 

Purification of a commodity , unless inclusion of 
such processing is specifically requested in 
the reporting instructions for individual 
sections; 

Intermediate products which are formed in the 
manufacturing process, but are not isolated 
from the reaction system — that is, not 
weighed, analyzed, or otherwise measured; 

Materials that are used in the process but 
which are recovered for re-use or sale; 

Waste products having no economic significance. 

SALES are actual quantities of commodities sold by ORIGINAL 
MANUFACTURERS ONLY. Sales include the quantity and value of: 
Shipments of a commodity for domestic use and 
for export, or segregation in a warehouse 
when title has passed to the purchaser in a 
bona fide sale; 
Shipments of a commodity produced by others under 

toll agreements; 
Shipments to subsidiary or affiliated companies. 

SALES EXCLUDE : 

All intra-company transfers within a corporate entity; 
All sales of purchased commodities; 
Alt shipments of a commodity produced for others 
under toll agreements. 

VALUE OF SALES is the net selling value f.o.b. plant or 
warehouse, or delivered value, whichever represents the normal 

industry practice. 



Summary 



Combined production of all synthetic organic chemicals, tars, tar crudes, and crude products from petro- 
leum and natural gas in 1970 was 233,110 million pounds--an increase of 4.2 percent over the output in 1969 
(see table 1). Sales of these materials in 1970, which totaled 128,478 million pounds, valued at $13,638 million, 
were 5,6 percent larger than in 1969 in terms of quantity and 2.2 percent larger in terms of value. These figures 
include data on production and sales of chemicals measured at several successive steps in the manufacturing pro- 
cess, and therefore they necessarily reflect some duplication. 

In 1970, production of all synthetic organic chemicals, including cyclic intermediates and finished chemical 
products, totaled 138,322 million pounds, or 2.7 percent more than the output in 1969. Production increased for 
only three subgroups of products, however: Medicinal chemicals C214 million pounds) was 7.2 percent more than in 
1959; miscellaneous chemicals (79,257 million pounds) was 4.7 percent more; and plastics and resin materials 
(19,210 million pounds) was 3.5 percent more. Production of subgroups which declined in 1970 compared with 1969 
included flavor and perfume materials (100 million pounds) down 16.7 percent, organic pigments (57 million pounds) 
down 7.4 percent, and pesticides and related materials (1,034 million pounds) down 6.4 percent. 

TABLE 1. --Synthetic organic chemicals and their raw materials: U.S. production and sales, 1969 and 1970 



decrease 

(-), 1970 

over 

1969' 



Quantity 



decrease 

(-), 1970 

over 

1969' 



Increase 

or 
decrease 
(-), 1970 

over 

1969' 



Grand total^ 

Tar 

Tar crudes 

Crude products from petro- 
leum and natural gas 

Synthetic organic chemicals, 
total^ 

Cyclic intermediates 

Dyes 

Organic pigments 

Medicinal chemicals 

Flavor and perfume mate- 
rials 

Plastics and resin mate- 
rials 

Rubber-processing chem- 
icals 

Elastomers (synthetic 

rubbers) 

Plasticizers 

Surface-active agents 

Pesticides and related 

products 

Miscellaneous chemicals 



Million 
pounds 

223,684 



7,688 
9,996 



71,315 
134,685 



28,571 
240 
61 
200 

120 

18,557 

303 

4,524 
1,382 
3,901 

1,104 
75,720 



Mi I lion 
pounds 

233,110 



Percent 
4.2 



Million 
pounds 

121,616 



Million 
pounds 



Percent 
5.6 



Million 
dollco's 



13,345 



Million 
dollars 



13,638 



7,609 
9,300 



138,322 



-1.0 
-7.0 



2.7 



3,772 
6,644 



71,961 



3,712 
6,533 



74,794 



-1.6 

-1.7 



141 
1,001 

12,166 



132 
1,061 

12,409 



28,257 

235 

57 

214 

100 

19,210 



4,438 
1,336 
3,886 

1,034 
79,257 



-1.1 

-2.4 

-7.4 

7.2 

-16.7 

3.5 

-1.7 

-1.9 
-3.3 
-.4 

-6.4 
4.7 



12,398 
221 
51 
145 

104 



3,918 
1,275 
1,988 

929 
34,782 



12,976 

223 

47 

155 

92 

17,074 

228 

3,820 
1,239 
2,061 

881 
35,998 



4.7 

1.1 

-7.1 

6.7 

-11.6 

7.2 



-2.5 

-2.8 

3.7 

-5.1 
3.5 



1,208 
385 
133 
462 

94 

3,175 

144 

1,060 
266 
370 

851 
4,018 



1,260 
390 
123 
510 



3,266 

149 

1,032 
235 
387 

870 
4,097 



Percent 
2.2 



-2.0 
-6.4 



2.0 



4.3 

1.3 

-7.6 

10.4 

-4.8 

2.9 

3.1 

-2.6 

-11.7 
4.7 

2.2 
1.9 



Percentages calculated from figures rounded 
Because of rounding, figures may not add to 



to thousands, 
the totals shown. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 
General 



In this report, synthetic organic chemicals are classified on the basis of their principal use as follows: 
cyclic intermediates, dyes, organic pigments, medicinal chemicals, flavor and perfume materials, plastics and resin 
materials, rubber-processing materials, elastomers, plasticizers, surface-active agents, pesticides and related 
products, and miscellaneous chemicals (acyclic intermediates and acyclic and cyclic finished products). Most of 
these groups are further subdivided either by use or by chemical composition. As intermediate chemicals are used 
in the manufacture of finished products, aggregate figures that cover both intermediates and finished products nec- 
essarily include considerable duplication. 

Total production of synthetic organic chemicals (intermediates and finished products combined) in 1970 was 
138, 322 million pounds, or 2.7 percent more than the output of 134,685 million pounds reported for 1969 and 32.1 
percent more than the output of 104,711 million pounds reported for 1967 (see table 2). Sales of synthetic organic 
chemicals in 1970 amounted to 74,794 million pounds, valued at $12,409 million, compared with 71,961 million pounds, 
valued at $12,166 in 1969 and 55,177 million pounds, valued at $10,438 million in 1967. Production of all cyclic 
products (intermediates and finished products combined) in 1970 totaled 43,245 million pounds, or 0.9 percent less 
than the 43,656 million pounds reported for 1969 and 29.2 percent more than the 33,479 million pounds reported for 
1967. Production of all acyclic products in 1970 totaled 95,077 million pounds, or 4.4 percent more than the 
91,028 million pounds reported for 1969 and 33.5 percent more than the 71,232 million pounds reported for 1967. 



TABLE 2. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of U.S. production and sales of intermediates and 

finished products, 1967, 1969 and 1970 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



Increase, or decrease (-) 



1970 over 
1967 



1970 over 
1969 



Organic chemicals, cyclic and acyclic, 
grand total : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Cyclic, total: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic, total: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

1. Cyclic Intermediates 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

2. Dyes 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Z. Organic Pigments 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

4. Medicinal Chemicals 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

See footnote at end of table. 



,711,357 
,176,823 
,438,453 



,479,469 
,328,628 
,610,293 



,231,888 
848,195 
828,160 



,793,132 
,461,180 
,000,359 



206,240 
198,592 
332,049 



53,322 
42,867 
108,354 



110 


129 


70 


120 


348 


873 


69 


941 


56 


804 


36 


402 



134,684,910 
71,960,615 
12,166,311 



43,656,481 
23,927,329 
5,393,830 



91,028,429 

48,033,286 

6,772,481 



28,570,871 
12,398,249 
1,208,447 



240,208 
220,886 
385,301 



61,011 
50,794 
133,149 



126,418 

88,113 

425,235 



73,616 
56,689 
36,585 



138,322,426 
74,793,892 
12,409,252 



43,245,465 
24,571,197 
5,470,865 



95,076,961 
50,222,695 
6,938,387 



28,257,042 

12,976,217 

1,260,395 



234,526 
223,218 
390,429 



56,524 
47,166 
122,965 



132,190 

87,308 

465,354 

82,281 
67,206 
44,705 



32.1 
35.6 
18.9 



29.2 
27.1 
18.7 



10.0 

13.5 



17.6 
18.3 
22.8 



2.7 
3.9 



-.9 

2.7 



4.6 
2.4 



-2.4 
1.1 
1.3 



GENERAL 

TABLE 2.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of U. S. production and sales of intermediates and 
finished products, 1967, 1969 and 1970-- Continued 



[Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



Increase, or decrease (-) 



1970 over 
1967 



5. Flavor and Perfume Materials 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

6. Plastics and Resin Materials 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

7. Rubber-Processing Chemicals 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Product ion 

Sales 

Sales value 

8. Elastomers (Synthetic Rubbers) 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

9. Plasticizers 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



57,978 
47,285 
52,866 

53,558 
49,311 
40,495 



5,033,497 
4,224,121 
1,036,940 

8,759,452 
7,753,242 
1,635,690 



220,139 
169,970 
116,318 

43,994 
30,878 
15,477 



2,297,637 

1,940,099 

439,580 

1,524,908 

1,321,945 

434,657 



929,871 
865,084 
167,827 

332,908 
296,767 
93,142 



61,353 

48,721 
52,873 

59,037 
54,843 
40,753 



6,435,204 
5,386,791 
1,238,301 

12,122,045 

10,535,093 

1,936,452 



254,792 
194,012 
127,268 

48,687 
35,480 
17,208 



2,591,720 

2,172,843 

520,141 

1,932,337 

1,744,740 

539,365 



1,022,941 
946,984 
164,709 

359,290 
327,618 
101,161 



52,543 
42,916 
52,045 

47,778 
48,587 
37,057 



6,799,570 
5,793,962 
1,298,725 

12,410,349 
11,280,347 
1,967,356 



255,477 
196,485 
133,534 

42,814 
31,376 
15,425 



2,454,462 

1,998,632 

485,092 

1,983,114 

1,821,293 

547,236 



998,475 
937,504 
143,736 

337,601 
301,612 
91,100 



-9.4 
-9.2 
-1.6 



35.1 
37.2 
25.2 

41.7 
45.5 



1.6 
-.3 



6.8 
3.0 

10.4 

30.0 
37.8 
25.9 



7.4 

8.4 

-14.4 

1.4 

1.6 

-2.2 



See footnote, at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 

TABLE 2. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of U. S. production and sales of intermediates and 
finished products, 1967, 1969 and 1970-- Continued 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



Increase, or decrease (-) 



1970 over 
1967 



1970 over 
1969 



10, Supfaoe-Aative Agents 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

11. Pesticides and Related Produats 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

12. Miscellaneous Chemicals 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



1,418,444 

852,238 

95,810 

2,060,851 
897,786 
220,877 



823,158 
681,532 

627,742 

226,505 
215,831 
159,301 



1,535,922 
775,540 
283,575 

58,159,771 
25,225,631 
3,192,119 



1,566,958 
894,017 
116,271 

2,334,063 

1,094,098 

253,504 



819,436 
666,038 
697,167 

284,945 
262,625 
153,999 



1,905,569 
859,881 
324,968 

73,814,409 

33,922,100 

3,693,454 



1,572,505 
916,922 
106,662 

2,313,681 

1,144,535 

280,539 



727,133 
601,755 
701,558 

306,942 
279,159 
168,756 



1,705,018 
749,112 
310,370 

77,552,401 

35,248,580 

3,786,213 



7.6 
11.3 

12.3 
27.5 
27.0 



-11.7 
11.8 



35.5 
29.3 



11.0 
-3.4 



2.6 
-8.3 

-.9 
4.6 
10.7 



-11.3 

-9.7 

.6 

7.7 
6.3 
9.6 



-lO.S 
-12.9 
-4.5 

5.1 
3.9 

2.5 



' Standard reference base period for Federal Government general -purpose index numbers. 



The following tabulation shows, by chemical groups, the number of companies that reported production in 1970 of 
one or more of the chemicals included in the groups listed in table 2: 



Number 

of 

companies 

■- 211 
47 



Chemical group 

Cyclic intermediates 

Dyes 

Organic pigments 35 

Medicinal chemicals 104 

Flavor and perfume materials 50 

Plastics and resin materials 264 



Chemical group 

Rubber-processing chemicals 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers;) -- 

Plasticizers 

Surface-active agents 

Pesticides and related products- 
Miscellaneous chemicals 



Number 

of _ 

companies 



60 
210 



TAR AND TAR CRUDES 



Tars 



Coal tar is produced chiefly by the steel industry as a byproduct 
of the manufacture of coke; water-gas tar and oil-gas tar are produced 
by the fuel-gas industry. Production of coal tar, therefore, depends 
on the demand for steel; production of water-gas tar and oil-gas tar 
reflects the consumption of manufactured gas for industrial and house- 
hold use. Water-gas and oil-gas tars have properties intermediate be- 
tween those of petroleum asphalts and coal tars. Petroleum asphalts 
are not usually considered to be raw materials for chemicals. 

The quantity of tar produced in the United States in 1970 was al- 
most entirely coal tar which amounted to 761 million gallons, or 1.0 
percent less than the 769 million gallons produced in 1969 (see table l'^) 
U.S. production of water-gas and oil-gas tars was not reported to the 
Commission for 1969 or 1970; production of these tars amounted to 21 mil- 
lion gallons in 1968, according to trade publications. Sales of coal tar 
in 1970 amounted to 371 million gallons, valued at $36 million, compared 
with 377 million gallons, valued at $37 million, in 1969. 

Consumption of tar in 1970 amounted to 767 million gallons, of which 
658 million gallons was consumed in distillation and (by tar distillers 
only) in other uses. Tar used as fuel amounted to 108 million gallons. 
A lesser amount, 1.6 million gallons, was consumed by coke-oven operators 
in miscellaneous uses (see table lA) . 



Tar Crudes 



Tar crudes are obtained from coke-oven gas and by distilling coal 
tar, water-gas tar, and oil-gas tar. The most important tar crudes are 
benzene, toluene, xylene, naphthalene, creosote oil, and pitch of tar. 
Some of these products are identical with those obtained from petroleum. 
Data for materials derived from petroleum are included, for the most 
part, with the statistics for like materials derived from coke-oven gas 
and tars, and are shown in tables 1 and IB. 

Domestic production of industrial and specification grades of 
benzene reported by coke-oven operators and petroleum refinery operators" 
in 1970 amounted to 1,134 million gallons--4.4 percent less than the 
1,185 million gallons reported for 1969. These statistics include data 
for benzene produced from light oil and petroleum. Sales of benzene by 
coke-oven operators and petroleum operators in 1970 amounted to 654 mil- 

^ See also table 2 of this section which lists the products in table 1 
and identifies the manufacturers by code. These codes are given in 
table 3. 

2 Statistics on production and sales of benzene, toluene, and xylene 
by tar distillers cannot be shown because publication would reveal the 
operations of individual companies. 



8 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 

lion gallons, valued at $143 million, compared with 675 million gallons, 
valued at $148 million, in 1969. In 1970 the output of toluene^ [in- 
cluding material produced for use in blending in aviation fuel) amounted 
to 830 million gallons--9.2 percent more than the 759 million gallons 
reported for 1969. Sales of toluene in 1970 were 430 million gallons, 
valued at $77 million, compared with 418 million gallons, valued at 

$76 million, in 1969. The output of xylene^ in 1970 (including that 
produced for blending in motor fuels) was 538 million gallons, com- 
pared with 382 million gallons in 1969. About 99 percent of the 538 
million gallons of xylene produced in 1970 was obtained from petroleum 
sources . 

Production of crude naphthalene in 1970 (including 291 million 
pounds of petroleum-derived naphthalene) amounted to 719 million pounds, 
compared with 854 million pounds in 1969. In 1970 the output of creosote 
oil for wood preservation was 129 million gallons (100 percent creosote 
basis), compared with 137 million gallons in 1969. Production of road 
tar in 1970 was 53 million gallons, compared with 60 million gallons in 
1969. 

Some of the products obtained from tars and included in the 
statistics in table 1 are derived from other products for which data 
are also included in the table. The statistics, therefore, involve 
considerable duplication, and for this reason no group totals or grand 
totals are given. It is estimated, that, after duplication has been 
eliminated insofar as possible, the net value of the output (from all 
sources) of these products and of tar burned as fuel was $634 million 
in 1970, compared with $640 million in 1969 and $574 million in 1968. 
The total value of sales of those products derived from coke-oven gas 
and tars shown in table 1 (exclusive of coal tar itself) , amounted to 
$132 million in 1970, compared with $141 million in 1969. 



TAR AND TAR CRUDES 

TABLE 1. --Tar and tar crudes: U.S. production and sales, 1970 9 

[Listed below are all tar crudes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders are 
used where the reported data are accepted in confidence any may not be published or where no data were reported.) 
Table 2 lists separately gll products for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manu- 
facturers reporting to the U.S. Tariff Commission] 



Sales 



Quantity 



Unit 
value' 



Tar : Coke-oven operators 

Crude light oil:' Coke-oven operators 

Intermediate light oil: Coke-oven operators 

Light-oil distillates: 

Benzene, specification and industrial grades, 

total' ■* -- 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Toluene, all grades, total' "* 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Xylene, all grades 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Solvent naphtha, total 

Coke-oven operators 

Tar distillers 



Naphthalene, crude (tar distillers and coke-oven 

operators), total 

Solidifying at-- 

Less than 74° C 

74° C. to less than 79° C 



Crude tar-acid oils: ' Coke-oven operators- 



Creosote oil (Dead oil) (tar distillers and coke- 
oven operators) (100% creosote basis), 
total' 

Distillate as such (100% creosote basis) 

Creosote content of coal-tar solution (100% 
creosote basis) ' 



1 


,000 


gal 


1 


,000 


gal 


1 


,000 


gal 


1 


,000 


gal 


1 


,000 


gal 


1 


,000 


gal 


1 


000 


gal 


1 


000 


gal 


1 


,000 


gal 


1 


,000 


gal 


1 


000 


gal 


1 


,000 


gal 


1 


000 


gal 


1 


,000 


gal 


1 


000 


gal 


1 


000 


Ib- 


1 


000 


Ib- 


1 


000 


Ib- 


1 


000 


gal 



1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 



1,000 



All other distillates, total 1,000 gal' 

Coke-oven operators, total 1,000 gal-- 

From light oil 1,000 gal-- 

Other° ! 1,000 gal-- 

Tar distillers' 1,000 gal-- 



Tar, road 1,000 gal- 
Tar, refined, for other uses 1,000 gal-- 

Pitch of tar (tar distillers and coke-oven i 

operators), total I 1,000 tons 

1,000 tons 



Soft (water softening point less than 110° F.)-- 
Medium (water softening point 110° F. to 

160° F.) 

Hard (water softening point over 160° F.)'° 



1,000 tons 
1,000 tons 



760,926 

244,107 

5,066 



1,133,520 

93,492 

1,040,028 

829,607 

17,041 

812,566 

537,637 

4,501 

533,136 

4,539 

3,707 

832 



428,086 



19,364 
408,722 



90^038 



7,956 

4,693 

3,263 

82,082 

53,005 
9,712 



371, -203 

98,060 

1,187 



653,977 

92,117 

561,860 

430,478 

16,765 

413,713 

453,913 

4,752 

449,161 

3,288 



1,000 
doVlars 

35,804 

11,888 

102 



143,331 

19,793 

123,538 

3,093 
74,285 
75,794 
945 
74,849 

536 



18,804 



22,686 



15,892 
'6,794 



.855 



6,227 

3,019 

3,208 

54,628 

53,785 
9,565 



284 
12,620 



7,289 
2,263 



46,401 



203 
767 



C) 



.14 

.24 



43.64 
38.19 



Unit value per gallon, pound, or ton, as specified. 

Includes only data for coal tar reported to the Division of Fossil Fuels, U.S. Bureau of Mines. Data on U.S. pro- 
duction of water-gas tar and oil-gas tar are not collected by the Tariff Commission, but according to trade publica- 
tions, production of these tars amounted to 21 million gallons in 1968. 

Data reported by tar distillers are not included because publication would disclose the operations of individual 



Note. --Statistics for materials produced in coke and gas-retort ovens are compiled by the Division of Fossil Fuels, 
U.S. Bureau of Mines, Department of the Interior. Statistics for materials produced in tar and petroleum refineries 
are compiled by the U.S. Tariff Commission. 



10 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 

TABLE 1.-- Tar and tar crudes: U.S. production and sales, 1970- -Continued 

Footnotes foT table 1 — Continued 

companies. Production of benzene, toluene, and xylene by tar distillers decreased in 1970, compared with 1969. 
The annual production statistics for petroleum operators on benzene, toluene, and xylene are not comparable with 
the combined monthly production figures, due to fiscal year revisions. 

" Includes data for material produced for use in blending motor fuels. 

^ Statistics represent combined data for the commercial grades of naphthalene. Because of conversion of naphtha- 
lene from one grade to another, the figures may include some duplication. 

' Statistics include data only for creosote oil sold for, or used in, wood preserving. 

' In 1970, production of coal tar solution containing creosote (100% solution basis) amounted to 38,676 thousand 
gallons; sales were 39,593 thousand gallons, valued at 6,794 thousand dollars, with a unit value of $0.17 per gallon. 

° Includes data for crude sodium phenolate. 

' Includes data for crude light oil, benzene, toluene, xylene, ethylbenzene, rubber-reclaiming oils, pyridine 
crude bases, crude tar-acid oils, crude cresylic acid, methylnaphthalene, crude tar for other uses, and sales of 
solvent naphtha and naphthalene solidifying at 74° C. to less than 79° C. 
'" Includes hard pitch and pitch emulsion. 



TABLE lA. --Tar: U.S. production and consumption, 1969 and 1970 



(In thousands of gallons) 



Product 


1969 


1970 


PRODUCTION 


768,766 


760,926 




CONSUMPTION 


765,886 


767,299 












667,150 


657,731 






282,785 
384,365 

98,065 

671 


280,892 
376,839 

107,967 

1,601 








oven plants for roads and upkeep 



Reported to the Division of Fossil Fuels, U.S. Bureau of Mines. 
^ Reported to U.S. Tariff Commission. Represents tar purchased from companies operating coke ovens and gas- 
retort plants and distilled by companies operating tar-distillation plants. Statistics also include tar 
consumed other than by distillation or as fuel by tar distillers. 



TAR AND TAR CRXIDES 



TABLE IB. --Tar and tar crudes: Summary of U. S. production of specified products, 1967, 1969-1970 



Unit 

of 

quantity 



Increase, or decrease (-) 



1970 over 
1967 



1970 over 
1969 



Tar 

Benzene : 

Coke-oven operators- 
Petroleum operators- 
Total 



Toluene: 

Coke-oven operators- 
Petroleum operators- 
Total 



Xylene: 

Coke-oven operators- 
Petroleum operators- 
Total 



Naphthalene: 

Crude ■ 

Petroleum naphthalene, all 

grades 

Total 



Creosote oil (Dead oil) : 
Distillate as such (100% 

creosote basis) 

Creosote content of coal-tar 
solution (100% creosote 

basis) 

Total 



1,000 gal-- 

1,000 gal-- 

1,000 gal-- 

1,000 gal-- 



1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 



1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 



1,000 Ib- 
1,000 Ib- 



1,000 gal— 



1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 



90,642 
878,704 



101,695 
1,083,653 



760,926 



93,492 
1,040,028 



Percent 
-2.5 



3.1 
18.4 



19,357 
624,454 



19,603 
739,855 



1,133,520 



17,041 
812,566 



-12.0 
30.1 



643,811 



5,246 
"376,596 



4,501 
"533,136 



-18.0 
18.6 



454,837 

520,991 
376,679 



495,863 
357,637 



428,086 
290,545 



-17.8 
-22.9 



897,670 



17,402 



853,500 



18,598 



103,374 



25,559 



126,234 



136,914 



128,933 



Peraent 
-1.0 



-13.1 
9.8 



-14.2 
41.6 



-13.7 
-18.8 



' Standard reference base period for Federal Government general-purpose index numbers. 

^ Includes data for coal tar reported to the Division of Fossil Fuels, U.S. Bureau of Mines. 

^ Data reported by tar distillers are not included because publication would disclose the operations of individual 

companies . 

'' Includes data for material produced for use in blending motor fuels. Statistics are not comparable with monthly 

figures which included some o-xylene. 

5 Naphthalene solidifying at less than 79° C. Figures include production by tar distillers and coke-oven operators 

and represent combined data for the commercial grades of naphthalene to avoid disclosure of the operations of 

individual companies. Because of conversion between grades, the figures may include some duplication. Statistics 

on naphthalene refined from domestic crudes are reported in the section on cyclic intermediates. 

^ Includes data for creosote oil produced by tar distillers and coke-oven operators and used only in wood preserving. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 

-Tar crudes for which U.S. production or sales were reported 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 



[Tar crudes for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked with an asterisk (*] ; products not so 
marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published. 
Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 3. Table 3 identifies all U.S. producers of 
tar crudes (except producers that report to the Division of Fossil Fuels, U.S. Bureau of Mines)] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



*Crude light oil' 

Light-oil distillates: 

*Benzene, specification and industrial grades' 

*Toluene, all grades' 

*Xylene, all grades' 

*Solvent naphtha ' 

*A11 other light-oil distillates' 

Pyridine crude bases' 

*Naphthalene, crude, solidifying at-- 

*Less than 74° C' 

*74° C. to less than 79° C:' 

74° C. to less than 76° C 

76° C. to less than 79° C 

Methy Inaphthal ene 

*Crude tar-acid oils:' 

Tar-acid content 5% to less than 24% 

Tar-acid content 24% to 50% 

Cresylic acid, crude 

*Creosote oil (Dead oil) : 

*Distillate as such' 

*Creosote in coal-tar solution' 

*A11 other distillate products' 

*Tar, road 

Tar for other uses: 

Crude 

♦Refined' 

*Pitch of tar: 

*Soft (water softening point less than 110° F.)' 

*Medium (water softening point 110° F. to 160" F.)' 

*Hard (water softening point above 160° F.)' 

Pitch emulsion 



CBT. 

ACY, KPP. 

ACY, KPP. 

ACY. 

ACY, NEV, PAI. 

ACY, KPT. PAI. 

ACP, KPT. 

COP. 

KPT. 

ACP, KPT. 
KPT. 

ACP, KPT, RIL. 
ACP, RIL, WTC. 
ACP, KPT, PRD. 

ACP, CBT, COP, HUS, KPT, RIL, IVTC. 

ACP, KPT, RIL, WTC. 
ACP, KPT. 

ACP, KPT, RIL. 

KPT. 

ACP, KPT, RIL. 

ACP, KPT, WTC. 

ACP, CBT, COP, KPT, RIL, WTC. 

ACP, HUS, KPT, RIL. 

JEN. 



1 Does not include manufacturers' identification codes for producers who report to the Division of Fossil Fuels, 
U.S. Bureau of Mines. Those producers are listed in the U.S. Bureau of Mines Mineral Industry Survey, July 30, 
1971, entitled "Coke Producers in the U.S. in 1970". 



TABLE 3. --Tar and tar crudes: Directory of manufacturers, 1970 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production or sales of tar and tar crudes to the U.S. Tariff Comniisson for 
1970 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 21 



Code 
identi- 
fication 


Name of company 


Code 
identi- 
fication 


Name of company 


ACP 
ACY 


Allied Chemical Corp., Plastics Div. 
American Cyanamid Co. 


KPT 


Koppers Co ., Inc., Organic Materials Div. 


CBT 
COP 


Samuel Cabot, Inc. 

Coopers Creek Chemical Corp. 


NEV 


Neville Chemical Co. 


HUS 


Husky Briquetting, Inc. 


PAI 
PRD 


Pennsylvania Industrial Chemical Corp. 
Productol Chemical Co., Inc. 


JEN 


Jennison-Wright Corp. 


RIL 


Reilly Tar § Chemical Corp. 


KPP 


Sinclair- Koppers Co. 


WTC 


Witco Chemical Co., Inc. 



Note. --For complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies, refer to table 1 in the Appendix. 



CRUDE PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS ^^ 
FOR CHEMICAL CONVERSION 

Crude products that are derived from petroleum and natural gas^ 
are related to the intermediates and finished products made from such 
crudes in much the same way that crude products derived from the dis- 
tillation of coal tar are related to their intermediates and finished 
products. Many of the crude products derived from petroleum are 
identical with those derived from coal tar (e.g., benzene, toluene, 
and xylene). Considerable duplication exists in the statistics on the 
production and sales of petroleum crudes because some of these crude 
chemicals are converted to other crude products derived from petroleum 
and because data on some production and sales are reported at succes- 
sive stages in the conversion process. Notwithstanding these duplica- 
tions, the statistics are sufficiently accurate to indicate trends in 
the industry and to serve as a basis for general comparison. Many of 
the crude products for which data are included in the statistics may 
be used either as fuel or as basic materials from which to derive other 
chemicals, depending on prevailing economic conditions; but in this 
report every effort has been made to exclude data on materials that are 
used as fuel; however, data are included on toluene and xylene which are 
used in blending aviation and motor fuel. 

The output of crude products derived from petroleum and natural gas 
as a group amounted to 77,879 million pounds in 1970, or 9.2 percent 
more than the 71,315 million pounds reported for 1969 (table 1).^ The 
larger output in 1970 is accounted for chiefly by increased production 
of ethylene, propane, xylenes, and ethane. Sales of crude chemicals 
from petroleum in 1970 amounted to 43,439 million pounds, valued at 
$1,061 million, compared with 39,240 million pounds, valued at $1,001 
million, in 1969. 

The output of aromatic and naphthenic products irom petroleum 
cunounted to 21,079 million pounds in 1970, compared with 19,134 million 
poimds in 1969. Sales in 1970, which amounted to 13,571 million pounds, 
valued at $323 million, were 1803 million pounds larger, and valued at 
$22 million more, than those in 1969. The output of 1° and 2° benzene 
from petroleum amounted to 7,675 million pounds in 1970--4.0 percent 
less than the 7,997 million pounds produced in 1969. The output of 
toluene in 1969 was 5,907 million pounds--9.8 percent more than the 
5,379 million pounds produced in 1969. Production of xylene was 3,844 
million pounds in 1970, compared with 2,715 million pounds in 1969. 
These figures include toluene and xylene used in blends in aviation and 
motor-grade gasolines. Production of naphthalene, 291 million pounds 
in 1970 was 67,092 thousand pounds less than production in 1969. The 
output of 24.7 million pounds of naphthenic acids in 1970 was 3.3 mil- 
lion pounds less than that produced 1969. 

"^ Statistics on aromatic chemicals from coal tar are reporterl in 
"Tar and Tar Crudes". 

^ See also table 2 which lists these products and identifies the manu- 
facturers by codes. These codes are given in table 3. 

462-669 O - 72 - 2 



14 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



Production of all aliphatic hydrocarbons and derivatives from 
petroleum and natural gas was 56,800 million pounds in 1970, compared, 
with 52,182 million pounds in 1969. Sales of these products were 
29,868 million pounds, valued at $738 million, in 1970 compared with 
27,472 million pounds, valued at $701 million in 1969. The statistics 
on production of acetylene include only acetylene produced from hydro- 
carbons and used as raw material in the production of other chemicals. 
Total production of acetylene for chemical synthesis is reported to 
the U.S. Bureau of the Census. In 1970, production of acetylene from 
hydrocarbon sources, amounted to 472 million pounds. Production of 
ethylene was 18,089 million pounds in 1970--10.1 percent more than the 
16,436 million pounds produced in 1969. The output of propylene and 
propane-propylene mixture was 6,641 million pounds in 1970--8.2 per- 
cent less than the 7,235 million pounds produced in 1969. Production 
of 1,3-butadiene, one of the principal ingredients of S-type synthetic 
rubber, was 3,101 million pounds in 1970, compared with the output of 
3,123 million pounds in 1969, the largest on record. 

The following tabulation shows the number of companies that re- 
ported production of organic chemical crudes in 1970. 

of 
Chemical group companies 

Tar crudes 13 

Petroleum crudes 74 



CRUDE PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS FOR CHEMICAL CONVERSION 

TABLE 1. — Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion: U.S. production 

and sales, 1970 



[Listed below are the crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which any reported 
data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confi- 
dence and may not be published or where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists separately all products from 
petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which data on production or sales were reported and identi- 
fies the manufacturers of each] 



Sales 



Quantity 



Grand total 

AROMATICS AND NAPHTHENES^ 

Total 

Benzene (1° and 2°) 

Naphthalene, all grades 

Naphthenic acid, total 

Acid number less than 150 

Acid number 150 and over 

Toluene, all grades, total 

Nitration grade, 1° 

Pure commercial grade, 2° 

All other* 

Xylenes, mixed, total 

Xylene, 3° 

Xylene, 5° 

All other' 

All other aromatics and naphthenes* 

ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS 

Total 

Cj hydrocarbons, total 

Acetylene 5 

Ethane 

Ethylene 

Cj and Cj hydrocarbons, mixed 

Cj hydrocarbons, total 

Propane 

Propylene^ 

Ci, nydrocarbons, total 

1,3-Butadiene, grade for rubbers (elastomers) - 

Butadiene and butylene fractions 

n- Butane 

1-Butene 

1-Butene and 2-butene mixtures' 

Isobutane 

Isobutylene 

All other 8 

C5 hydrocarbons, total 

Isoprene (2-Methyl-l,3-butadiene) 

Pentenes, mixed 

All other' 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



77,879,080 



1,000 
pounds 



43,438,980 



1,000 
dollars 



1,060,947 



21,079,182 



7,675,406 
290,545 



24,662 



4,146,527 
201,474 



10,269 
14,393 



5,907,400 



5,007,740 



4,184,190 

427,505 

1,295,705 

3,843,910 



2,382,466 

625,274 

3,238,451 



513,640 

592,179 

2,738,091 



504,044 

569,741 

2,164,666 



23,523,203 



471;685 
4,962,433 
18,089,085 

2,128,452 

15,426,916 



3,523,887 
5,046,920 



9,993,278 



8,786,067 
6,640,849 



10,472,783 



6,894,751 
3,098,527 



6,658,458 



3,101,437 
743,492 

2,757,102 
58,139 

1,594,461 
809,500 
580,746 
827,906 

1,142,935 



1,947,218 
409,320 

1,276,126 
50,183 

1,621,445 
211,152 
327,194 
815,820 

490,584 



351,610 
330,105 
461,220 



65,778 
424,806 



123,538 
10,562 



74,285 



60,683 
13,602 
74,849 



12,017 
14,002 
48,830 



7 38,148 



30,707 
156,053 



157,356 



74,749 
82,607 



266,722 



163,967 
12,846 
13,278 

2,554 
43,894 

2,224 
12,600 
15,359 

16,391 



6,700 
9,691 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 

TABLE 1. — Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion: U.S. production 

and sales, 1970- -Continued 



Production 



Quantity 



Unit 
value' 



ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS- -Continued 

All other aliphatic hydrocarbons, derivatives, and mixtures, 

total 

Alpha olefins'" 

Diisobutylene (Diisobutene) 

Heptenes, mixed 

Hexanes and other Cj hydrocarbons 

Nonene (Tr ipropylene) 

n- Paraffins, total 

Carbon chain length, Cio-Cji, 

Other 

Polybutene'i 

Tetrapropylene 

Hydrocarbon derivatives ^^ 

All other" 



1,000 
pounds 



4,105.609 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
do I lars 



110.919 



Per 
pound 



$0.027 



185,055 
36,032 
138,640 
275,863 
323,782 

1,015,611 
508,199 
507,412 
155,338 
371,866 
117,091 

1,486,331 



129,662 

72,889 
230,173 
224,411 
520,960 

520,960 
145,877 
180,226 
113,775 
2,537,055 



8,105 

2,396 
7,394 
8,429 
16,997 

16,997 
9,678 
6,213 
9,096 

42,611 



.062 

.033 
.032 
.038 
.033 

.033 
.066 
.034 
.080 
.017 



' Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ The chemical raw materials designated as aromatics are in some cases identical with those obtained from the 
distillation of coal tar; however, the statistics given in the table above relate only to such materials as are 
derived from petroleum and natural gas. Statistics on production or sales of benzene, toluene, xylene, and 
naphthalene from all sources are given in tables 1 and IB of "Tar and Tar Crudes". 

^ Includes toluene and xylene used as solvents, as well as that which is blended in aviation and motor gasolines. 
Includes data for 90-percent benzene, crude cresylic acid, alkyl aromatics, distillates, solvents, and miscellaneous 
cyclic hydrocarbons. 

^ Production figures on acetylene from calcium carbide for chemical synthesis are collected by the U.S. Bureau of 
the Census . 

Includes data for propane-propylene mixture. 

The statistics represent principally the butene content of crude refinery gases from which butadiene is 
manufactured. 

° Includes data for 2-butene, mixed butylenes, and mixed olefins. 
Includes data for isopentane, pentenes, and C5 hydrocarbon mixtures. 
'" Includes data for the following molecular weight ranges: Ce-C,; Cg-Cn,; Cn-CisJ C15-C20; and Cu-Cjj. 
'•' Includes compounds having a molecular weight of 3,000 or less. 
'^ Includes data for butyl, ethyl, methyl, and miscellaneous mercaptans . 

Includes data for acetylene (sales only), ethane-ethylene mixture, heptane, methane, octanes, and hydrocarbon 
mixtures . 



CRUDE PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS FOR CHEMICAL CONVERSION 



TABLE 2. 



-Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which U.S. 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1970 



[Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which separate statistics are given in 
table 1 are marked below with an asterisk (*) ; products not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the re- 
ported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below 
are taken from table 3. An x signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the 
designated product] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



AROMATICS AND NAPHTHENES 

*Benzene (except motor grade) : 

* Benzene, 1° 

*Beniene, 2° 

Cresylic acid, crude 

*Naphthalene, all grades 

*Naphthenic acids : 

*Acid number lower than 150 

Acid number 150-199 

Acid number 200-224 

Acid number 225-249 

Sodium carbolate and phenate, crude 

*Toluene: 

♦Nitration grade, 1° 

*Pure commercial grade, 2° 

Solvent grade, 90% 

All other 

♦Xylenes, mixed: 

Aviation grade 

*3° grade 

*5° grade 

All other 

All other aromatics, naphthenes, distillates and solvents 



ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS 

Ci hydrocarbon: Methane 

'^2 hydrocarbons: 

♦Acetylene 

♦Ethane 

♦Ethylene 

♦C2 and C3 hydrocarbons, mixed 

♦Ca hydrocarbons: 

♦Propane 

♦Propane-propylene mixture 

♦Propylene 

♦Ci, hydrocarbons: 

♦1,3- Butadiene, grade for rubbers (elastomers) 

♦Butadiene and butylene fractions 

♦nT Butane 

♦1-Butene 

2-Butene 



ACU, APR, ASH, ATR, CCP, CPI, CSD, CSC, CSP, DLH, 
ENJ, GOC, GRS, HES, MOC, MON, PLC, PPR, SHC, SHO, 
SKO, SM, SNT, SOG, SUN, TOC, TX, UCC, UOC, VPT. 

DOW, SHO, SOC. 

PRD. 

ASH, COL, MON, SUN, TID. 

ATR, SOC, SUN, TX. 
ATR, PRD, SOC, SUN. 
ATR, PRD, SOC. 
SOC. 
ATR. 

ASH, ATR, CCP, CSD, CSP, DLH, ENJ, GOC, HES, MOC, 
MON, PLC, PPR, SHC, SHO, SNT, SOG, SUN, TOC, TX, 
UCC, UOC, VPT. 

ATR, CPI, DOW, ENJ, LEN, MON, UCC. 

CO, FG, SKO. 

ACC, ATR, ELP, GRS, PLC, SM, SOC, SUN, TX. 

CSD, CSO. 

DLH, MOC, PPR, UOC. 

ASH, HES, SOG, TX. 

ATR, CCP, CPI, CSD, CSP, ENJ, HCR, LEN, MON, PPR, 

SHC, SHO, SNT, SOC, STY, TOC, UCC, VPT. 
ACC, ACU, ATR, CBN, CPI, CPX, DUP, ELP, ENJ, FG, 

GOC, JCC, LEN, MOC, MON, OMC, PLC, PPR, SHC, 

SOC, SOG, SOI, TX, USI, VPT. 



CCP, MON. 



DOW, DUP, MNO, MON, UCC, x. 

ACU, ATR, CCP, ENJ, MON, PAN, PLC, SHO, SM, TX, USI. 

ACU, ATR, BFG, CBN, CCP, CO, CPX, DOW, DUP, EKX, ELP, 

ENJ, GOC, JCC, KPP, MON, OMC, PLC, SHC, SM, SNO, 

UCC, USI. 
ATR, CSO, ENJ, PLC. 

AMO, APR, ASH, ATR, CCP, COR, CPI, CSD, CSO, CSP, 
ENJ, GOC, GRS, JCC, MOC, OMC, PAN, PLC, SHC, SHO, 
SM, SNT, SOG, SOI, SUN, TX, UOC, USI. 

GOC. 

ACU, AMO, ASH, ATR, BFG. CBN, CCP, CO, COR, CPX, 
CSO, CSP, DOW, DUP, EKX, ELP, ENJ, GOC, JCC, KPP, 
MOC, MON, PLC, SHO, SIO, SM, SNT, SOG, SOI, SUN, 
TX, UCC, UOC. 

APL, ATR, CBN, CPY, DOW, DUP, ELP, ENJ, FRS, MON, 
PLC, PTT, SBI, SHC, SHO, SM, SOC, TID, TUS, UCC. 

ACU, ATR, CO, CPX, DOW, EKX, GOC, GYR, KPP, PLC, 
SHC, SHO, SOC, UCC. 

ATR, COR, CPI, CSD, CSP, GRS, OMC, PAN, PLC, SHO, 
SM, SNT, SOC, SOG, SUN, USI. 

GOC, PLC, PTT. 

MON, PLC. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 

TABLE 2. — Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which U.S. 
production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS--Continued 

*Ci, hydrocarbons--Continued 

*1-Butene and 2-butene mixture 

*Isobutane 

*Isobutylene 

All other 

*C5 hydrocarbons: 

Isopentane (2-Methylbutane) 

*Isoprene (2 -Me thy 1-1, 3 -butadiene) 

nrPentane 

*Pentenes, mixed 

All other 

*Cg hydrocarbons: 

Hexane 

Neohexane (2,2-Dimethylbutane) 

All other 

C 7 hydrocarbons : 

n-Heptane 

*Heptenes, mixed 

All other 

Cj hydrocarbons: 

*Diisobutylene (Diisobutene) ' 

n-Octane 

All other 

Hydrocarbons, Cg and above: 

*Nonene (Tripropy 1 ene) 

*Polybutene 

*Tetrapropylene 

Tridecene concentrate 

Triisobutylene 

All other 

*A11 other aliphatic hydrocarbons, derivatives and 
mixtures : 
Hydrocarbons: 
*Alpha olefins--Molecular weight ranges: 

C6-C7 

Cs-Cio 

C11-C15 

All other 

*n-Paraffins--Carbon chain length: 

C5-C3 

C9"Ci5 

*Cio-Cii, 

Cl0"Cl6 

All other 

*Hydrocarbon derivatives: 

1-Butanethiol 

tert-Butyl-mercaptan (2-Methyl-2-propanethiol) 

Cyclohexyl mercaptan 

Di-tert -butyl disulfide 

Di-tert-nonylpolysulfide 

Ethyl mercaptan (Ethanethiol) 

Isopropyl mercaptan 

Methyl mercaptan (Methanethiol) 

tert-Nonyl mercaptan 

n-Propyl mercaptan (I-Propanethiol) 

All other 

Mixtures, not elsewhere classified 



ATR 
ATR 
APR 

APR 
APL 
APR 
ENJ 
PLC 

ENJ 
PLC 
APR 

EKX 
CSD 
ENJ 

ATR 
SOG 
ENJ 

ATR 
ACC 
ATR 
ENJ 
ATR 
ATR 



ATR, CSO, ENJ, GOC, PLC, PTT, SHO, SOC, TX, UOC. 

CSP, ELP, OMC, PAN, PLC, SHO, SUN, TX, USI . 

ENJ, OCC, SHO, UOC. 

BFG, ENJ, JCC, MON, PLC, SM, USI. 

PAN, PLC, SHO, SM. 

ENJ, GYR, MON, SHC . 

PLC. 

GYR, MON, TX. 

UCC, USI. 

PLC, SOG. 

PLC, SWC, UOC. 

PLC, SOG. 

ENJ, GOC, HOU, SOI, TID. 

HCR, PLC, TX, UCC. UOC. 



ENJ, GOC, HOU, UOC. 

CSD, SOC, SOI. 

CO, COR, ENJ, GOC, SOC, SUN, TX, UOC. 



CO, EKX, ENJ, GOC, HCR, HOU, KPP, PLC, SOC, SUN, 



TID, UCC. 



GOC, GYR, SOC. 

GOC, SOC. 

ENJ, GOC, SOC. 

EKX, GOC, SOC. 

SOG. 

SOG. 

ENJ, SOG, UCC. 

CO. 

ATR, UCC. 

PAS, PLC. 

PAS, PLC. 

PAS. 

PLC. 

PAS. 

PAS. 

PAS. 

ACC, PAS. 

PAS. 

PAS, PLC. 

EKX, PAS, PLC, UCC. 

GYR, MON. 



CRUDE PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS FOR CHEMICAL CONVERSION 

TABLE 3, --Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion: 
Directory of manufacturers, 1970 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production or sales of crude products from petroleum and natural gas for 
chemical conversion to the U.S. Tariff Commission for 1970 are listed below in the order of their identificatio 
codes as used in table 2] 



Code 




Code 




identi- 


Name of company 


identi- 


Name of company 


fication 




fication 




ACC 


Amoco Chemicals Corp. 


KPP 


Sinclair- Koppers Co. 


ACU 


Allied Chemical Corp., Union Texas 








Petroleum Div. 


LEN 


Leonard Refineries, Inc. 


AMO 


American Oil Co. (Texas 5 






APL 


Ameripol, Inc. 


MNO 


Monochem, Inc. 


APR 


Atlas Processing Co. 


MOC 


Marathon Oil Co., Texas Refining Div. 


ASH 


Ashland Oil, Inc. 


MON 


Monsanto Co. 


ATR 


Atlantic Richfield Co. , ARCO Chemical Co. Div. 










OCC 


Oxirane Chemical Co. 


BFG 


B. F. Goodrich Co. , B. F. Goodrich Chemical 
Co. Div. 


OMC 


Olin Corp. 






PAN 


Amoco Production Co. 


CBN 


Cities Service Co., Petrochemical Div. 


PAS 


Pennwalt Corp. 


CCP 


Crown Central Petroleum Corp. 


PLC 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 


CO 


Continental Oil Co. 


PPR 


Phillips Puerto Rico Core, Inc. 


COL 


Collier Carbon § Chemical Corp. 


PRD 


Productol Chemical Co., Inc. 


COR 


Commonwealth Oil S Refining Co., Inc. 


PTT 


Petro-Tex Chemical Corp. 


CPI 


Commonwealth Petrochemicals, Inc. 






CPX 


Chemplex Co. 


RH 


Rohm § Haas Co. 


CPY 


Copolymer Rubber 5 Chemical Corp. 






CSD 


Cos den Oil S Chemical Co. 


SBI 


Standard Brands Chemical Industries, Inc. 


CSO 


Cities Service Oil Co. 


SHC 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 


CSP 


Coastal States Petrochemical Co. 


SHO 


Shell Oil Co. 






SIO 


Standard Oil Co. of Ohio 


DLH 


Amerada Hess Corp. , Hess Oil S Chemical Div. 


SKO 


Skelly Oil Co. 


DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. 


SM 


Mobil Chemical Co. 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours § Co., Inc. 


SM 


Mobil Oil Corp. 






SNO 


SunOlin Chemical Co. 


EKX 


Eastman Kodak Co., Texas Eastman Co. Div. 


SNT 


Suntide Refining Co. 


ELP 


El Paso Products Co. 


SOC 


Standard Oil Co. of California, Chevron 


ENJ 


En jay Chemical Co. 




Chemical Co. 






SOG 


Charter International Oil Co. 


FG 


Foster Grant Co. , Inc. 


SOI 


American Oil Co. (Maryland) 


FRS 


Firestone Tire 5 Rubber Co. , Firestone 


STY 


Styrochem Corp. 




Synthetic Rubber g Latex Co. Div. 


SUN 


Sun Oil Co. 






SWC 


Shell S Commonwealth Chemicals, Inc. 


GOC 


Gulf Oil Corp., Gulf Oil Chemicals 








Co. - United States 


TID 


Getty Oil Co. 


GRS 


Chainplin Petroleum Co. , Corpus 


TOC 


Tenneco Oil Co. 




Christi Refinery 


TUS 


Texas-U.S. Chemical Co. 


GYR 


Goodyear Tire 5 Rubber Co. 


TX 


Texaco, Inc. 


HCR 


Hercor Chemical Corp. 


UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 


HES 


Hess Oil Virgin Islands Corp. 


UOC 


Union Oil Co. of California 


HOU 


Air Products § Chemical, Inc., Houdry 


US I 


National Distillers § Chemical Corp., 




Process 5 Chemical Co. Div. 




U. S. Industrial Chemicals Co. Div. 


JCC 


Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc. 


VPT 


Vickers Refining Co., Inc. 



refer to table 1 in the Appendix. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 21 



Cyclic intermediates are synthetic organic chemicals derived princi- 
pally from petroleum and natural gas and from coal-tar crudes produced 
by destructive distillation (pyrolysis) of coal. Most cyclic intermediates 
are used in the manufacture of more advanced synthetic organic chemicals 
and finished products, such as dyes, medicinal chemicals, elastomers 
(synthetic rubbers), pesticides, and plastics and resin materials. Some 
intermediates, however, are sold as end products without further proces- 
sing. For example, refined naphthalene may be used as a raw material in 
the manufacture of 2-naphthol or of other more advanced intermediates, 
or it may be packaged and sold as a moth repellent or as a deodorant. 
In 1970 almost half of the total output of cyclic intermediates was sold; 
the rest was consumed chiefly by the producing plants in the manufacture 
of more advanced intermediates and finished products . 

Total production of cyclic intermediates (table 1) in 1970--28,257 
million pounds--was 1.1 percent less than the output of 28,571 million 
pounds reported for 1969, the largest output on record. The smaller 
output of cyclic intermediates in 1970 reflects the decreased demand by 
the chemical products industries, particularly those industries that pro- 
duce plastics materials, dyes, pigments, and plasticizers. Sales of 
cyclic intermediates in 1970 amounted to 12,976 million pounds, valued 
at $1,260 million, compared with 12,398 million pounds, valued at $1,208 
million, in 1969. In terms of quantity, sales of cyclic intermediates in 
1970 were 4.7 percent larger than those in 1969 and in terms of value, 
4.3 percent larger. 

Production of ethylbenzene in 1970 was 4,827 million pounds, or 
1.6 percent less than the 4,907 million pounds reported for 1969. Out- 
put of styrene in 1970 was 4,335 million pounds, a decrease of 6.7 per- 
cent from the 4,648 million pounds in 1969. Other intermediates whose 
production exceeded 1 billion pounds in 1970 were cumene (1,983 million 
pounds), cyclohexane (1,841 million pounds), phenol (1,755 million pounds), 
p-xylene (1,590 million pounds), dimethyl terephthalate (1,447 million 
pounds), and terephthalic acid (1,329 million pounds). The output of 
other large-volume intermediates in 1970 compared with 1969 were: Ortho- 
xylene, 799 million pounds (6.1 percent less than in 1969); phthalic 
anhydride, 734 million pounds (3.4 percent less); cyclohexanone, 714 
million pounds (1.5 percent larger); straight chain alkylbenzenes, 553 
million pounds (4.5 percent larger); nitrobenzene, 548 million pounds 
(13.1 percent larger); and isocyanates, 513 million pounds (21.7 per- 
cent larger) . Production of chlorobenzene amounted to 485 million 
pounds (19.4 percent less than in 1969), and production of aniline was 
398 million pounds, an increase of 19.3 percent over 1969. The above 
16 chemicals accounted for 84 percent of the total output of cyclic 
intermediates in 1970. 



^ See also table 2 of this section which lists these products alpha- 
betically and identifies the manufacturers by codes. These codes are 
given in table 3. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 
TABLE 1. --Cyclic intermediates: U.S. production and sales, 1970 



[Listed below are all cyclic intermediates for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data 
were reported.) Table 2 lists alphabetically all cyclic intermediates for which data on production or sales were 
reported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



Quantity 



Unit 
Value 



1,000 
pounds 



Total 

Acetanilide, tech 

Acetoacetanilide 

o-Acetoacetanisidide 

o-Acetoacetotoluidide 

Acetophenone, tech 

Alkylbenzenes^ 

3'-Aminoacetanilide 

4' -Aminoacetanilide (Acetyl -p-phenylenediamine) 

5-Amino-2- (p-aminoanilino)benzenesulfonic acid 

1-Aminoanthraquinone and salt 

2-Aminoanthraquinone and salt 

2-Amino-p-benzenedisulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

l-Amino-2-bromo-4-hydroxyanthraquinoiie 

l-Amino-2-bromo-4-p-toluidinoanthraquinone 

l-Amino-5-chloroanthraquinone 

l-Amino-2,4-dibromoanthraquinone 

4-Amino-3-hydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (1,2,4-Acid) 

N- (4-Amino-3-methoxy-l-anthraquinonyl)-p-toluenesulfonamide 

6-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino I acid) 

7-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino G acid) 

5(and 8)-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Cleve's acid, mixed)- 

6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Broenner's acid) 

2-Amino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

4-Amino-4'-nitro-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

.Aniline (Aniline oil) 

7-Anilino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Phenyl J acid)- 

Anilinomethanesulfonic acid and salt 

8-Anilino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Phenyl peri acid) 

o-Anisidine 

Anisole, tech 

l-Benzamido-5-chloroanthraquinone 

7H-Benz[de]anthracen-7-one (Benzanthrone) 

2-Benzothiazolethiol, sodium salt 

[4,4'-Bi-7H-benz[de]anthracene]-7,7'-dione 

l,4-Bis[l-anthraquinonylamino]anthraquinone 

3-Bromo-7H-benz[de]anthracene-7-one (3-Bromobenzanthrone) 

l-Brorao-4-(methylamino)anthraquinone 

Campho sulfonic acid 

l-Chloroanthraquinone 

2-Chloroanthraquinone 

Chlorobenzene, mono- 

o- (p-Chlorobenzoyl)benzoic acid : 

l-Chloro-2-methylanthraquinone 

l-Chloro-4-nitrobenzene (Chloro-p-nitrobenzene) 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

a-Chlorotoluene (Benzyl chloride) 

Cresols, total — ■ 

o-Cresol 

(ra,p)-Cresol 

All other "* 

Cresylic acid, refined^ 

Cumene 

Cyclohexane ' 



1,000 
pounds 



12,976.217 



1,000 
dollars 



1.260.395 



Per 
pound 



4,221 

4.006 

644 

839 

814 

553.166 

13 

187 

10 

955 

536 



435 
498 



497 
376 



264 

398.362 

34 

522 

129 

1.845 

298 

45 

1,881 

32,477 

681 



24 

271 

127 

531 

484,914 

523 

266 

88,854 

431 

426 

75,131 

91,414 



23,110 
41,007 
27,297 

98,334 
1,983,349 
1,841,052 



317 

3,917 

686 

937 



1,200 
1,795 



1,659 
677 
507 



See footnotes at end of table. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



TABLE 1. --Cyclic intermediates: U.S. production and sales, 1970- -Continued 



23 



Quantity 



Cyclohexanol 

Cyclohexanone 

1,4-Dianiinoanthraquinone 

2,6-Diaininoanthraquinone 

l,4-Diainino-2,3-dihydroanthraquinone 

4, 4 '-Di amino- 2, 2 ' --stilbenedi sulfonic acid 

4,S'-Dibenzainido-l,l'-iminodianthraquinone 

1,5-Dichloroanthraquinone 

o-Dichlorobenzene ■ 

p-Dichlorobenzene 

3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine base and salts- 

2,5-Dichloro-4-[3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyTazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 



acid- 



2,5-Dichlorosulfanilic acid 

Dicyclopentadiene (includes cyclopentadiene) 

p-(Diethylainino)benzaldehyde 

N,N-Diethylaniline 

9,10-Dihydro-l,4-dihydroxy-9,10-dioxo-2-anthracenesulfonic acid- 
9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-l,5-anthracenedisulfonic acid, disodium 



salt- 



9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-l,8-anthracenedisulfonic acid, potassium 
salt 

9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-2,6-anthracenedisul£onic acid and salt 

9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-l-anthracenesulfonic acid and salt (Gold 



salt)- 



1,4-Dihydroxyanthraquinone (Quinizarin) 

1,5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone (Anthrarufin) 

1 , 8-Dihydroxy-4 , 5-dinitroanthraquinone (4, S-DinitrochrysazinJ 

16,17-Dihydroxyviolanthrone (Dihydroxydibenzanthrone) 

N,N-Dimethylaniline 

N,N-Dimethylbenzylamine 

2,2-Dimethyl-l,l '-bianthraquinone 

2,4-Dinitroaniline 

4,4'-Dinitrostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid 

2, 4 (and 2,65-Dinitrotoluene 

Diphenylamine 

1,4-Di-p-toluidinoanthraquinone 

Divinylbenzene 

p-Dodecylphenol 

N-Ethylaniline, refined 

Ethylbenzene^ 

N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamine 

Hippuric acid 

Hydroquinone, tech 

p-Hydroxybenzenesulfonic acid 

4-Hydroxymetanilamide 

3-Hydroxy-2-methylcinchoninic acid 

3-Hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, potassium 5 sodium salts- 

7-Hydroxy-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid and sodium salt 

6-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid and sodium salt 

N-(7-Hydroxy-l-naphthyl5acetamide 

1,1' -Iminobis[4-aminoanthraquinone] 

1,1'- Iminobis [5-benzamidoanthraquinone] 

7,7'-Iminobis[4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid] 

1 , 1 ' -Iminobis [4-nitroanthraquinone] 

1 , 1 ' -Iminodianthraquinone (1,1' -Dianthrimide] 



Isocyanic acid derivatives, total 

Polymethylene polypheny lisocyanate 

Toluene 2,4- and 2,6-diisocyanate (80/20 mixture^- 
Other isocyanic acid derivatives 



4,4' -Isopropylidenediphenol (Bisphenol Aj- 



1,000 
pounds 



714,470 

72 

158 

651 

7,571 



66,219 

69,606 

3,656 



234 
363 

1,507 

1,610 

112 

217 
404 

93 

134 

196 

10,161 

296,503 

29,423 

108 

3,204 

10,453 

682 

4,827,273 

~" — 872 

1,099 

13,681 

8,049 

135 

179 

1,343 

968 

458 

23 

79 



512,802 



132,028 

304,900 

75,874 



1,000 
pounds 



10,156 
33,777 



35,074 

69,669 

3,492 



1,556 
30 



1,000 
dollars 



1,396 
3,800 



72,931 



503 
165 
227 



814 
102 



,581 
,771 



985 
,144 
924 



,320 
,107 
,585 



See footnotes at end of table. 



24 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE l.--CycUc intermediates: U.S. production and sales, 1970- -Continued 



Production 



Quantity 



Unit 
value' 



Leuco quinizarin (1,4,9, 10-Anthratetrol) 

Melaraine 

dl-p-Mentha-1 ,8-diene (Limonene) 

Metanilic acid (m-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid) 

p- (3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic acid 

3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyTazolin-5-one (Developer Z) 

a-Methylstyrene 

Naphthalene, solidifying at 79° C. or above (refined flake] (from 

domestic crude) 

3'-Nitroacetanilide 

4'-Nitroacetanilide 

Nitrobenzene 

m-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid and sodium salt 

p-Nitrophenol and sodium salt 

4'- (p-Nitrophenyl)acetophenone 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonic acid [SOjHsl] 

5-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH2=1] 

Nonylphenol 

l-[ (7-0x0 -7H-benz[de]anthracene-3-yl) amino] anthraquinone 

Phenol, grand total ^ 

Natural, from coal tar and petroleum 

Synthetic, total 

From cumene 

Other synthetic 

Phenylacetonitrile (a-Tolunitrile) 

p-Phenylazoaniline (C.l. Solvent Yellow 1) and hydrochloride 

Phthalic anhydride 

Picolines, total ^ 

2 -Pi CO line (a-Picoline) 

Other picolines 

Sal icy! aldehyde 

Salicylic acid, tech 

Styrene, all grades 

Terephthalic acid 

Terephthalic acid, dimethyl ester 

l,4,S,8-Tetrahydroxyanthraquinone, leuco derivative 

3,3'-Thiobis[7H-benz[de]anthracen-7-one] 

Toluene -2, 4 -diamine (4-m-Tolylenediamine) 

o- (p-Toluoyl )benzoic acid 

4-(o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine (C.I. Solvent Yellow 3) 

1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene 

l,3,3-Trimethyl-A^,a-indolineacetaldehyde 

l,3,3-Trimethyl-2-methyleneindoline (Trimethyl base) 

7,7' -Ureylenebis[4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic] (J acid Urea) — 

Viol ant hrone (Dibenzanthrone) 

m-Xylene 

o-Xylene 

p-Xylene 

All other cyclic intermediates 



103 

68,477 

7,956 

1,202 

176 

81 

19,063 



IS 

277 

547,680 

3,654 

32,600 

42 

9,025 



78,134 
399 



1,755,278 



47,071 

1,708,207 

1,167,168 

541,039 



324 
734,020 



4,479 



4,479 

3,820 

38,786 

4,335,313 

1,328,953 

1,446,937 

149 

24 

132,760 

226 

290 

9,344 

168 

332 

205 

430 

99,301 

798,706 

1,590,209 

2,680,748 



1,000 1,000 

pounds dollars 



12,737 
1,786 



2,165 
19,312 



95 
32,138 



769,010 



28,685 
740,325 
542,220 
198,105 

572 

440,846 

2,839 



852 
1,987 

2,668 

7,543 

2,013,221 



777,145 
1,293,937 
1,629,380 



Per 
pound 



789 
161 



803 
6,429 



120 
3,564 



53,998 



2,503 
51,495 
37,387 
14,108 

292 

40,126 

997 



298 
699 

2,677 

3,097 

130,311 

103,734 



23,069 
81,971 

365,424 



Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Includes straight -chain dodecylbenzene, tridecylbenzene and other striaght-chain alkylbenzenes . Branched-chain 
alkylbenzenes are included in "All other cyclic intermediates." 

' Includes data for coke ovens and gas-retort ovens, reported to the Division of Fossil Fuels, U.S. Bureau of Mines, 
and for tar and petroleum refineries and other producers, reported to the U.S. Tariff Commission. 

"* Figures include (o,m,p)-cresol from coal tar and some m-cresol and p-cresol. 

^ Does not include ethylbenzene produced and consumed in continuous-process styrene manufacture. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



25 



TABLE 2. 



-Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 



[Cyclic intermediates for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked with an asterisk (*) ; cyclic 
intermediates not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may 
not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 3. An x signifies that 
the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3J 



5-Acetamido-2-aminobenzenesulfonic acid 

3-[(2-Acetaiiiido-4-aminophenyl]azo] -l,S-naphthalenedi- 
sulfonic acid. 

2,2'- [(S-Acetamido-2-ethoxyphenyl) iminojdiethanol 

2,2'-[(3-Acetamidophenyl)imino]diethanol 

a-Acetamido-p-toluenesulfonamide 

*Acetanilide, tech 

Acetic acid, phenyl ester 

*Acetoacetanilide 

*o-Acetoacetanisidide 

*o-Acetoacetotoluidide 

2 ',4'-Acetoacetoxylidide 

1 ' -Acetonaphthone 

Acetone phenylhydrazone 

*Acetophenone, tech 

p-Acetotoluidide : 

p-Acetylbenzenesulfonamide 

p-Acetylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

p-Acetylbenzenesulfonylurethane 

N-Acetylsulfanilyl chloride 

Adenine 

*Alkylbenzenes : 

Dodecylbenzene (including tridecylbenzene) : 

*Straight chain 

Other 

Alkylphenols, mixed 

Alkylpiperazines, mixed 

Alkylpyridines, mixed 

a-dl-5-Allyl-6-imino l-methyl-5-(l-methyl-2-pentynyl) 

barbituric acid. 
a-dl-5-Allyl-5-(l-methyl-2-pentynyl) -1-methylbarbituric 
acid. 

*3'-Aminoacetanilide 

*4'-Aminoacetanilide (Acetyl-p-phenylenediamine) 

3'-Ainino-o-acetophenetidide -■ 

3 ' -Aminoacetophenone 

4 ' -Aminoacetophenone 

*S-Amino-2-(p-aminoanilino;)benzenesulfonic acid 

l-Amino-4-(3-ajnino-4-sulfoanilino)-9,10-dihydro-9,10- 

dioxo-2-anthracenesulfonic acid. 
1 -Amino-4- (4-aiiiino-3-sulfoani lino) -9,10 -dihydro-9, 10- 
dioxo-2-anthracenesulfonic acid. 

2-(p-Aminoanilino) -5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

3-Amino-p-anisaiiiide 

3-Amino-p-anisanilide 

*l-Aminoanthraquinone and salt 

*2-Aininoanthraquinone and salt 

5(and 8)-Amino-l-anthraquinonesulfonic acid 

N-(4-Amino-l-anthraquinonyl)anthranilic acid 

N-(S-Ajnino-l-anthraquinonyl) anthranilic acid 

4-Aminoantipyrine 

6-Amino-3,4'-azodibenzenesulfonic acid (C.I. Acid 
Yellow 9] . 

Aminoazoxylene toluene homologues 

p-Aminobenzamide 

l-Ainino-4-benzamidoanthraquinone 



GAF. 
TRC. 

AAP. 

AAP. 

SOW. 

CTN, EKT, MRK, SAL. 

UCC. 

FMP, HST, UCC. 

FMP, HST, UCC. 

FMP, HST, UCC. 

HST. 

GIV. 

DUP. 

ACP, SKO, UCC. 

EK. 

LIL. 

LIL. 

LIL. 

ACY, CTN, MRK, SAL. 

KF. 



BRP, CO, MON, UCC, WCC. 

CO, SOC. 

GAF, ORG. 

HOU. 

UCC. 

LIL. 

LIL. 

AAP, GAF, TRC. 

ACS, DUP, GAF, TRC. 

AAP. 

CTN, SDH. 

EK. 

GAF, TRC, YAW. 

TRC. 

TRC. 



TRC. 
PCW. 
PCW. 
AAP, 
ACS, 
ICI. 
GAF. 
DUP. 
VPC. 
ACY, 



ACY, DUP, GAF, ICI, MAY, TRC. 
ACY, GAF, TRC. 



ACS. 
SDH. 
MAY, TRC. 



26 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. 



-Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



l-Amino-S-benzamidoanthraquinone 

7- [p-(p-Aminobenzamido5benzaniido] -4-hydroxy-2-naphthalene- 

sulfonic acid. 
7- fp-Aminobenzaraido) -4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid-- 

*2-Amino-p-benzenedisulfonic acid [SOaH^l] 

o-Aminobenzenethiol 

2 -Aminobenz imidazole 

p-Aminobenzoic acid, tech 

p-Aminobenzoic acid, 2-(dimethylainino)ethyl ester 

4-Aminobenzophenone 

2-Amino-6-benzothiazolecarboxylic acid 

2-(m-Aininobenzoyl) -o-acetanisidide 

2-Amino-l-bromo-3-chloroanthraquinone 

l-Amino-4-bromo-9,10-dihydro-9,10-dioxo-2-anthracenesul- 

fonic acid and sodium salt. 

*l-Amino-2-bromo-4-hydroxyanthraquinone 

l-Ainino-4-brorao-2-methylanthraquinone 

*l-Amino-2-bromo-4-p-toluidinoanthraquinone 

*l-Amino-5-chloroanthraquinone 

l-Amino-8-chloroanthraquinone 

2-Ainino-l-chloroanthraquinone 

2-Amino-3-chloroanthraquinone 

4-Amino-6-chloro-m-benzenedisulfonamide 

4-Amino-6-chloro-m-benzenedisul£oamide hydrochloride 

2-Aitiino-6-chlorobenzothiazole hydrochloride 

o-(3-Ainino-4-chlorobenzoyl)benzoic acid 

2-Ainino-5-chloro-4-ethylbenzene 

l-Ainino-2-chloro-4-hydroxyanthraquinone 

2-Amino-4-chlorophenol 

2-Amino-6-chloropyrazine 

3-Amino-6-chloropyridazine 

2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

6-Amino-4-chloro-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

*l-Ainino-2,4-dibromoanthraquinone ' 

5 (and 8)-Amino-6 , 8 (and 5,7) -dibromo-9 , lO-dihydro-9 , 10- 

dioxo-1-anthracenesulfonic acid. 

l-Amino-2,4-dichloroanthraquinone 

2-Amino-5,6-dichlorobenzothiazole 

6-Amino-2,4-dichloro-m-cresol 

4'-Amino-2 'S'-diethoxybenzanilide 

l-Ainino-9,10-dihydro-9, lO-dioxo-2-anthroic acid 

l-Aiiiino-9,10-dihydro-9,10-dioxo-4-p-toluenesulfonamido- 

2-anthracenesulfonic acid, sodium salt. 
5-Amino-4,5 ' -dihydroxy-3,4 ' - [(2-methoxy-5-methyl-p- 

phenylene)bis(azo)] -di-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, 

5 ' -benzenesulfonate . 

2-Amino-4-(a,a-dimethylbenzyl)phenol 

3-Amino-9-ethylcarbazole 

N-(2-Aminoethyl)-N-ethyl-ra-toluidine 

3-Amino-a-ethylhydrocinnamic acid 

N- [2-(4-Amino-N-ethyl-m-toluidino) ethyl]methanesulfonainide 

hemisulfate. 

N-Aminohexamethyleneimine 

2-Amino-3-hydroxyanthraquinone 

l-Ainino-4-hydroxy-2-methoxyanthraquinone 

4-Amino-S-hydroxy-2, 7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, 

benzenesulfonate. 
3-Amino-5-hydroxy-2, 7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (2R acid) 

monosodium salt. 
4-Amino-5-hydroxy-2, 7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (H acid), 

monosodium salt. 



ACY, 


GAP, 


ICI. 


CMG, 


TRC. 




CMG, 


GAP. 




ACS, 


DUP, 


ICC. 


FIS, 


FMT. 




EK. 






DUP. 






SOW. 






DUP. 






DUP. 






GAP. 






ICI. 






ICl, 


TRC. 




AAP, 


DUP, 


TCD. 


ICl. 






ACS, 


GAP, 


ICI. 


ACY, 


DUP, 


ICI, TRC 


DUP. 






DUP. 






GAP, 


ICI. 




ABB, 


MRK. 




ABB. 






DUP. 






AAP, 


ICI. 




ACY. 






TRC. 






SW. 






ACY. 






ACY. 






ACY, 


HSC. 




DUP, 


HSC, 


SW. 


AAP, 


DUP, 


■ICI, TCD 


ICI. 






TRC. 






SDC. 






EK. 






GAP. 






DUP. 






AAP, 


DUP, 


GAP. 



TRC. 
SDC. 
WAY. 
SDW. 
WAY. 

FMP. 

ACS, GAP. 
TRC. 
TRC. 

ACS. 

ACS. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



27 



TABLE 2.- 



-Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



*4-Aiiiino-3-hydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (1,2,4-Acid)- 
6-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Gamma acid), 

sodium salt. 
7-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (J acid), 

sodium salt 
2-(2-Amino-5-hydroxy-7-sulfo-l-naphthylazo) -5-nitro- 

benzoic acid. 
l-(6-Amino-l-hydroxy-3-sulfo-2-naphthylazo) -6-nitro-2- 

naphthol-4-sulfonic acid. 
4-Amino-3-(3-iiiethanesulfonamidoethyl) -N,N-diethylaniline 

hydrochloride. 
*N-(4-Amino-3-methoxy-l-anthraquinonyl)-p-toluenesulfon- 

amide. 

5-Amino-6-methoxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

m-[(4-Amino-3-methoxyphenyl)azo]benzenesulfonic acid 

8-Amino-6-methoxyquinoline 

4- [ (4-Amino-5-methoxy-o-tolyl) azo] -4-hydroxy-2, 7-naphtha- 

lenedisulfonic acid, benzenesulfonate. 
3-[(4-Amino-5-methoxy-o-tolyl)azo]-l,5-naphthalenedisul- 

fonic acid. 
7-[(4-Amino-S-methoxy-o-tolyl)azo] -1,3-naphthalenedisul- 

fonic acid. 

4'-Amino-N-methylacetanilide 

1 - Amino- 2-methy 1 anthraquinone 

4-Amino-4'-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)-2,2 '-stil- 

benedisulfonic acid. 

2-Amino-3-methylpyridine 

2-Amino-5-methylpyridine 

2-Amino-6-methylpyridine 

2-Amino-4-methylpyriraidine (2-Amino-4-methyl-l,3-diazine) ■ 

2-Amino-4-(methylsulfonyl) phenol 

2-Amino-S-niethyl-l,3,4-thiadiazole- 

l-Amino-2-methyl-4-p-toluidinoanthraquinone 

4-Aminonaphth[2,3-c]acridan-5,8,14-trione 

6-Aminonaphth[2,3-c]acridan-5,8,14-trione 

2-Amino-l ,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

3-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (C acid) 

3-Amino-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

4-Amino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

*6-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino 1 acid) 

*7-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino G acid) 

l-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (o-Naphthionic acid)-- 

2-Amino-o-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Tobias acid) 

4-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Naphthionic acid) 

4-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

4(and 5)-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

5-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Laurent's acid) 

5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (1,6-Cleve's acid) 

*5(and 8)-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Cleve's acid, 

mixed) . 

*6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Broenner's acid) 

8-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Peri acid) 

8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (1,7-Cleve's acid) 

7-Amino-l, 3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid 

8-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid (Koch's acid) — 

5 (and 8)-Amino-2-naphthol 

8-Amino-2-naphthol 

l-Amino-2-naphthol hydrochloride 

2-(4-Aiiiino-l-naphthylazo)-4-(l,l,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)- 

phenol . 
2-Amino-4-nitroacetanilide 



ACS, GAF, TRC. 
DUP, TCD, TRC. 



TCD, TRC. 



TRC. 








EKT. 








AAP, 


DUP, 


GAF. 




TRC. 








DUP, 


TRC. 






SDW. 








TRC. 








TRC. 








ACS, 


TRC. 






ACS, 


GAF. 






ICl. 








TRC. 








RIL. 








RIL. 








RIL. 








ACY. 








ACS, 


TRC. 






ACY. 








ICl. 








DUP. 








DUP. 








ACY, 


SDH. 






GAF, 


TCD, 


TRC. 




ACS, 


TRC. 






DUP. 








ACS, 


TCD, 


TRC. 




ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP, TCD, TRC 


DUP. 








ACY, 


SW. 






ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP. 




ACY, 


DUP. 






TRC. 








ACS, 


TCD. 






ACS. 








ACS, 


DUP, 


TRC. 




ACS, 


SNA, 


TRC. 




ACS, 


TCD, 


TRC. 




ACS. 








DUP. 








ACS. 








GAF. 








TRC. 








EK. 








GAF. 









SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



3-Amino-5-(m-nitrobenzamide)-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

*2-Ainino-5-nitrobenzenesul£onic acid [SOsH^l] 

2-Aiiiino-6-nitrobenzothiazole 

2-Amino-4-nitrophenol 

4-Amino-2-nitrophenol 

2 - Amino -(p-nitrophenylazo) naphthalene 

d- 2 -Amino- 1- (p-nitrophenyl) -1, 3-propanediol 

l-2-Amino-l-(p-nitrophenyl)-l,3-propanediol 

*4-Amino-4' -nitro-2,2 '-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

2-Amino-5-nitrothiazole 

3' -Aminooxanilic acid 

4'-Aminocxanilic acid 

3-Ainino-2-oxazolidinone 

5 -Amino- 2- [(2-oxo-5-benzimidazolinyl) amino] benzenesul- 

fonic acid. 

o-Aminophenol 

p-Aminophenol 

2-(p-Aminophenoxy)ethanol hydrochloride 

(p-Aminophenyl) acetic acid 

m- [ (p-Aminophenyl) azo]benzenesulfonic acid 

p- [ (p-Aminophenyl) azojbenzenesulfonic acid 

7-[(4-Aminophenyl)azo] -1 ,3-naphthalenedisul£onic acid 

4- [ (p-Aminophenyl) azo] -1-naphthylamine 

5- [ (p-Aminophenyl) azo] salicylic acid 

5- [ (p-Aminophenyl)azo]salicylic acid, sodium salt 

2,2 '-(ra-Aminophenylimino)diethanol, diacetate ester 

2- (p-Aminophenyl) -6 -methylbenzothiazole 

2- (p-Aminophenyl) -6-methyl-7-benzothiazolesul£onic acid 

and salt. 
1- (m-Aminophenyl) -5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid — 

S-(4-Aminophenyl)thiosulfuric acid, sodium salt 

l-(Aminopropyl)cyclohexylamine 

3-Aminopyrazole-4-carboxamide sulfate 

2-Aminopyridine 

3-Aminopyridine 

4-Aminopyridine 

2-Aminopyrimidine 

3-Aminoquinoline 

S -Aminosalicylic acid 

2-Amino-4-(l,l,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)phenol hydrochloride- 

2-Aminothiazole 

3-Amino-p-toluamide 

a-Amino-p-toluenesulfonamide 

4-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

6-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [SOsH^l] 

5-Amino-2-p-toluidinobenzenesulfonic acid 

m-(4-Amino-3-tolylazo)benzenesulfonic acid 

3- [(4-Amino-o-tolyl)azo]-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid-- 
7- [(4-Amino-o-tolyl)azo] -1,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid-- 

16-Aminoviolanthrone 

S-Amino-2,4-xylenesulfonic acid 

*Aniline (Aniline oil) 

Aniline hydrochloride 

6-Anilino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Phenyl 

gamma acid) . 
*7-Anilino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesalfonic acid (Phenyl 

J acid) . 

•Anilinomethanesulfonic acid and salt 

*8-Anilino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Phenyl peri acid)-- 



GAF. 

ACS, GAF, TRC. 

ICC. 

DUP. 

ACY. 

AAP. 

PD. 

PD. 

ACS, GAF, TCD, TRC. 

PCW. 

CMC. 

DUP. 

NOR. 

DUP. 

SDC, TRC. 

SDC. 

GAF. 

EK. 

DUP, TRC. 

ACS, ACY, DUP, TRC. 

TRC. 

ACS. 

TRC. 

ACS. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP, TRC. 



TRC, 

SDC. 

ABB. 

KF. 

NEP, 

NEP, 

RIL. 

ACY. 

EK. 

AAP, 

GAF. 

ACY, 

SDH, 

SDW. 

ACY, 

DUP, 

DUP, 

TRC. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

ACY. 

DUP. 

ACS, 

ACY. 

DUP. 



VPC. 



RIL. 
RIL. 



TRC. 
MRK. 



DUP, GAF. 
HSC, SNA. 
TRC. 



ACY, DUP, FST, MOB, RUC, USR. 



CMC, DUP, TRC. 



AAP, ACS, ACY, ATL, DUP, TRC, VPC. 
ACS, DUP, EK, SDC, TCD. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



29 



TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 19 70- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



8-Anilino-l-naphthalene sulfonic acid, magnesium salt — 

p-Anilinophenol 

o-Anisaldehyde 

*o-Anisidine 

p-Anisidine 

o-Anisidinomethanesulfonic acid 

*Anisole, tech 

4-Co-Anisylazo)-o-anisidine 

3-(o-Anisylazo)benzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Anthracene , refined 

Anthranilic acid (o-Aminobenzoic acid)' 

Anthra[l,9-cd]pyrazol-6(2H)-one (Pyrazoleanthrone) 

Anthraquinone, 100% 

1,1 '- [1,5 (and l,8)-Anthraquinonylenediamino]bis- 
naphth [2 , 3-c] acridan-5 , 8, 14- trione . 

N,N'-(l,5-Anthraquinonylene3dianthranilic acid 

N,N'-(l,S-Anthraquinonylene)dioxamic acid 

( 1 -Anthraquinony 1) - 1 , 2-hydrazinedisul f oni c acid , 
disodium salt. 

Arsanilic acid and salt, tech 

4' ,4' ' '-Azobis [4-biphenylcarboxylic acid] 

3,3'-Azoxydianiline 

Barbituric acid, sodium derivative 

Benzaldehyde, tech 

4-[(4-Benzamido-l-anthraquinonyl)amino]naphth- 

[2, 3-c] acridan-5, 8, 14- trione. 
N-(S-Benzamido-l-anthraquinonyl)-p-toluenesulfonamide--' 

l-Benzamido-4-bromoanthraquinone 

l-Benzajiiido-4-chloroanthraquinone 

*l-Benzamido-5-chloroanthraquinone 

l-(4-Benzamido-2,S-diethoxyphenyl3-3- [methyl-3-(2-sulfO' 
ethyl) triazene] . 

4-Benzamido-5-hydroxy-2, 7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

7-Benzamido-4-hydrci3cy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

N- (4-Benzamido-6-methoxy-m-tolyl) -N- (methylazo) glycine- 

Benzanilide 

Benz (a) anthracene 

Benz (a) anthracene- 7,1 2 -dione 

*7H-Benz [de] anthracen-7-one (Benzanthrone) 

m-Benzenedisulfonic acid 

Benzenesulfinic acid, sodium salt 

Benzenesulf on amide 

Benzenesulfonic acid 

Benzenesulfonic acid, methyl ester 

Benzenesulfonyl chloride 

l,2,4,S-Benzenetetracarboxylic-l,2:4,5-dianhydride 

1,2,4-Benzenetricarboxylic acid 

1,3,5-Benzenetricarboxylic acid (Trimesic acid) 

1,2,4-Benzenetricarboxylic acid, 1,2-anhydride (Tri- 
mellitic anhydride) . 

1,3,5-Benzenetricarboxylic acid, triphenyl ester 

Benzhydrol (Diphenylmethanol) 

Benzidine hydrochloride and sulfate 

2-Benzofuranacetonitrile 

Benzoic acid, tech' 

Benzoic anhydride 

Benzoin 

a-Benzoin oxime 

Benzonitrile 

Benzophenonetetracarboxylic dianhydride 

*2-Benzothiazolethiol, sodium salt 



SDC. 










ASL. 










AAP, 


DUP, 


MON. 






DUP, 


MON. 








ATL, 


GAP, 


TRC, 


VPC. 




CTN, 


DUP, 


GIV, 


LIL, 


OPC, PIT 


AAP. 










ACS. 










ACP. 










ACS, 


DUP, 


SW. 






DUP, 


GAP, 


TRC. 






DUP, 


TRC. 








DUP. 










GAP, 


TRC. 








GAP, 


SW. 








DUP. 










ABB, 


FLM. 








DUP, 


GAP, 


TRC. 






GAP. 










ABB. 










BPC, 


HN, 


VEL. 






DUP. 










ICI. 










AAP. 










GAP. 










ACY, 


GAP, 


ICI, 


MAY, 


TRC. 


GAP. 










TRC. 










TRC. 










GAP. 










DUP, 


EK, 


PCW. 






EK. 










EK. 










AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY, 


ATL, 


DUP, GAP 


KPT, 


UPF. 








GAP. 










NES. 










NES, 


UPF. 








EK. 










NES. 










DUP, 


PCR. 








EK. 










ACC. 










AGO. 










BJL. 










HEX, 


UOP 








ACS, 


LAK 









HN, MON, PFZ, VEL. 

EK. 

BPC. 

RSA. 

VEL. 

GOG. 

ACY, GYR, MON, USR. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



462-669 O - 72 ■ 



30 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



IH-Benzotriazole 

2H-3, l-Benzoxazine-2,4(lH}-dione 

2-Benzoxazolinone-6-sulfonyl chloride 

o-Benzoylbenzoic acid 

Benzoyl chloride 

2-Benzoyl-4-sulfobenzoic acid 

N - Ben zylacet amide 

Benzyl amine 

4-(Benzylamino) -6-chloro-m-benzenedisulfonic acid 

2- ( Benzyl amino) ethanol 

p-(Benzylamino) phenol 

4-Benzyl-6-chloro-3-keto-2-methyl-7-sulfamyl-l,2,4-benzyl- 

thiadiazine-1, 1 -dioxide. 
4- Benzyl -6- chloro-3-ket 0-7- sulf amy 1-1,2, 4-benzy Ithia- 

diazine- 1,1 -dioxide. 
1 -Benzyl -4, 5-dimethyl -6- (p-methoxybenzyl) -1,2,3, 6-tetra- 

hydropyridine oxalate. 

Benzyl disulfide 

Benzyl ether (Dibenzyl ether) 

5- (Benzylethylamino) -o-toluenesulfonic acid 

N-Benzyl-N-ethyl-m-toluidine 

3-Benzyl-l,2,3,4,5,6-hexahydro-8-hydroxy-cis-6,ll- 

dimethyl-2,6-methano-3-benzazocine hydrobromide . 

4,4'-Benzylidenedi-o-toluidine 

4,4 ' -Benzylidinedi-2,5-xylidine 

Benzylidene phthalide 

p-(Benzyloxy) phenol 

1 -Benzyl -4 -phenyl is onipecotic acid 

l-Benzyl-4-phenylisonipecotonitrile 

Benzyltrimethyl ammonium hydroxide. 

Benzyltrimethyl ammonium methoxide 

[3,3'-Bianthra[l,9-cd]pyrazole]-6,6'-(2H,2'H)dione 

(Pyrazoleanthrone yellow) . 

[3, 3 '-Bi-7H-benz[de] anthracene] -7,7'-dione 

* [4, 4 '-Bi-7H-benz[de] anthracene] -7,7'-dione 

[1,1 '-Binaphthalene] -8,8'-dicarboxylic acid 

Biphenyl 

2-Biphenylamine 

3,3' ,4,4'-Biphenyltetramine 

2,2 ' -Biquinoline 

* 1,4- Bis [l-anthraquinonylamino]anthraquinone 

1,4-Bis [l-anthraquinonylamino]anthraquinone and 1,4-Bis- 

[5-chloro-l-anthraquinonylamino]anthraquinone Cmixed) . 

1 ,5-Bis [l-anthraquinonylamino]anthraquinone 

2,6-Bis(p-azidobenzylidene) -4-methylcyclohexanone 

1 ,4-Bis [ (S-benzamido- 1-anthraquinonyl) amino] anthraquinone- 

2,3-Bis(bromomethyl)quinoxaline 

Bis (chlorosulfonyl)phthalocyaninedisulfonic acid, copper 

derivative. 
4, 4 '-Bis [diethyl amino] benzhydrol, 2,6-naphthalenedi- 

sulfonate. 
4,4-Bis(diethylamino)benzhydrol salt, 2, 7-naphthalenedi- 

sulfonic acid mixture. 

4,4'-Bis [diethylaminojbenzophenone (Ethyl ketone base) 

4-Bis [(p-diethylaminophenyl) methyl] -2,7-naphthalenedi- 

sulfonic acid, leuco form. 

4,4'-Bis [dimethylamino]benzhydrol (Michler's hydrol) 

4,4'-Bis[dimethylamino]benzophenone (Michler's ketone) 

3'-[Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]acetanilide 

3'-[Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]benzanilide, diacetate ester- 



FMT, SW. 

SW. 

SDC. 

ACY, DUP, GAP. 

HK, VEL. 

DUP. 

SDW. 

ARS, MLS. 

ABB. 

MLS. 

EK. 



ABB. 

SDW. 

CCW. 
UOP. 
ACS. 

ACS, DUP. 
SDW. 

ACY. 

ACS. 

LIL. 

EK. 

SDW. 

SDW. 

MLS. 

MLS. 

DUP, GAP, TRC-. 

DUP. 

ACY, DUP, ICI, MAY. 

ACS. 

DOW, GOC, MON, SNT. 

NES. 

AAP. 

EK. 

ACY, DUP, GAP, MAY, TRC. 

TRC. 

DUP. 
WAY. 
ICI. 



GAP. 

TRC. 

DSC, SDH. 
TRC. 

SDH. 

DSC, DUP. 
GAP. 
DUP. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



31 



TABLE 2.- 



-Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



3'-[Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)ainino]methanesulfonanilide, di- 

acetate ester. 
4,4 '-Bis [(p-hydroxyphenyl)azo]-2,2 '-stilbenedisulfonic 

acid CC.I- Direct Yellow 4). 

4,4-Bis (p-methoxyphenyl) -3-hexanone 

1 ,4-Bis [2- (4-methyl-S-phenyloxazolyl) ]Iienzene (Dimethyl 

POPOP) . 

Bis (o-nitrophenyl) sulfide 

1,4-Bis [2-(5-phenyloxazolyl] Jbenzene (POPOP) 

2-Bronioacetophenone 

m-Bromoaniline 

p-Bromoaniline 

m-Bromoanisole 

p-Bromoanisole 

*3-Broino-7H-benz [de] anthracen-7-one (3-Bromobenzanthrone) 

Bromobenzene, mono- 

p-Bromobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

o-Bromobenzoic acid 

Bromochlorobenzene 

6-Bromo-5-chlorobenzoxazolone 

2-Bromodibenzofuran 

4-Bromo-l,2-dichlorobenzene 

2-Bromo-4,6-dinitro aniline 

Bromoethylbenzene- 

2-Bromo-3'-hydroKyacetophenone benzoate 

l-Bromo-4-iodobenzene 

*l-Bromo-4- (methyl amino) anthraquinone 

6-Bromo-3-methyl-7H-dibenz [f , ij ] isoquinoline-2, 7- (3H) - 

dione. 

3-(Bromomethyl)thiophene 

1-Bromonaphthalene 

2-Bromo-4'-nitroacetophenone 

l-Bromo-2-nitrobenzene 

N-(4-Bromopentyl)phthalimide 

p-Bromophenol 

(p-Bromophenyl)acetonitrile 

p-Bromophenylhydrazine hydrochloride 

2-Bromopyridine 

4-Bromoresorcylic acid 

a-Bromotoluene 

o-Bromotoluene 

p-Bromotoluene 

2-Bromo-l,3,5-triethylbenzene 

p-Butoxyphenol 

4-[3(p-Butoxyphenoxy)propyl]morpholine 

p-Butylaniline 

2-tert-Butylanthraquinone 

p-tert-Butylbenzaldehyde 

n-Butylbenzene 

sec-Butylbenzene 

tert-Butylbenzene 

p-tert-Butylbenzoic acid 

o-(p-tert-Butylbenzoyl) benzoic acid 

4-Butyl-o-cresol 

2-tert -Butyl -p-cresol 

6-tert-Butyl-m-cresol 

(n-Butylcyclopentadienyl)cyclopentadienyliron 

2 ' -tert-Butyl-4 ' ,6 ' -dimethylacetophenone 

4-Butyl-a- (dimethylamino) -o-cresol 

Butyl-p- (p-ethoxyphenoxycarbonyl)phenyl carbonate 



DUP. 
TRC. 



LIL 
ARA. 



ARA. 

EK. 

EK. 

EK. 

EK. 

OPC. 

ACY, ATL, DUP, GAP, MAY, TRC. 

DOW. 

EK. 

EK. 

DOW. 

SW. 

GAP. 

EK. 

AAP, SDC, TCD, TRC. 

RSA. 

SDH. 

EK. 

AAP, 

AAP, 



ACS, DUP, ICI. 
GAP, ICI. 



SDW. 

EK. 

GAP. 

EK. 

SDW. 

EK. 

BPC 

EK. 

RIL. 

PCW. 

EK. 

EK, RSA. 

BPC, EK. 

DUP. 

ABB. 

ABB. 

DUP. 

DUP, 

GIV. 

PLC. 

PLC. 

EK, PLC. 

SHC. 

DUP. 

PRD. 

ACY. 

KPT, PRD. 

ARA. 

GIV. 

RH. 

EK. 



32 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



2-tert-Butyl-4-ethylphenol 

5-tert-Butylisophthalic acid 

n' -Butyl -4-methoxyraetanilamide 

2-tert-Butyl-S-methylanisole 

o-sec-Butylphenol 

p-sec-Butylphenol 

o-tert-Butylphenol 

p-tert-Butylphenol 

Butylphenols, mixed 

tert-Butylstyrene 

p-tert -Butyl toluene 

S-tert-Butyl-m-xylene 

6-tert-Butyl-2,4-xylenol 

Camphoric acid 

Camphor i c anhydri de 

*Camphosulfonic acid 

Carbazole, refined 

l-(4-Carbonyl-o-anisyl)-3-methyl-3-(2-sulfoethyl)triazene 

N,N'-Carbonylbis [4-methoxymetanilic acid] 

N,N ' -Carbonylbis [4-methoxy-6-nitrometanilic acid] 

N- [ (3-Carboxy-4-chlorophenyl) sulfonyl] anthranilic acid — 

3-Carboxy-3(and 4) -hydroxybenzenediazonium sulfate 

4- (2-Carboxyphenylazo} -3-methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5- 
one. 

[(o-Carboxyphenyl)thio]ethylniercury 

Cedrene 

2 '-Chloroacetoacetanilide 

2 '-Chloroacetophenone 

4'-Chloroacetophenone 

4' -(Chloroacetyl)acetanilide 

m-Chloroaniline 

o-Chloroaniline 

p-Chloro aniline 

3-(o-Chloroanilino)propionitrile 

5-Chloro-o-anisidine [NH2=1] (4-Chloro-o-anisidine 
r0CH3=l]) . 

* 1 - Ch 1 oroanthraquinone 

*2-Chloroanthraquinone 

N-(5-Chloro-l-anthraquinonyl) -p-toluenesulfonamide 

o-Chlorobenz aldehyde 

p-Chlorobenzaldehyde 

Chloro-7H-benz [de]anthracen-7-one (Chlorobenzathrone) 

*Chlorobenzene, mono- 

p-Chlorobenzenesulfinic acid 

p-Chlorobenzenesulfonamide 

p-Chlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

o-Chlorobenzoic acid 

7-Chlorobenzo[b]thiophen-3(2H)-one 

5-Chloro-2-benzoxazolinone 

•o-(p-Chlorobenzoyl) benzoic acid 

p-Chlorobenzoyl chloride 

4,4'-(o-Chlorobenzylidene)di-2,5-xylidine 

a-(p-Chlorobenzyl) -a-phenyl-1-pyrrolidinepropanol hydro- 
chloride. 

Chloro(p-chlorophenyl)phenylmethane 

Chlorocyclohexane 

4-Chloro-2-cyclopentylphenol 

l-Chloro-2, 5 -diethoxy-4 -nitrobenzene 

2-Chloro-N,N-diethyl-4-nitroaniline 

2-Chloro-3' ,4'-dihydroxyacetophenone 



UCC. 



ACY. 

X. 

ALL. 

GIV. 

DOW, TNA. 

DOW. 

TNA. 

DOW, PRO, SCN 

DOW. 

DOW. 

GIV, SHC. 

GIV. 

PRO. 

FIN, SEL. 

SEL. 

KF, LIL, OTC, SEL 

SDC. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

TRC. 

GAF. 

ACS. 

LIL. 

GIV. 

FMP, UCC. 

EK. 

LIL. 

DUP. 

DUP, GAF. 

DUP, MON. 

DUP, MON. 

DUP. 

ALL. 



DUP, GAF, ICI, MAY, TRC. 
ACY, GAF, TRC. 



TRC. 



ACY, 

ACS, 

ICI. 

HN, 

HN. 

ACY, 

ACS, 

TRC. 

ACY. 

MTR, 

HN. 

ACS. 

SW. 

ACS, 

HN. 

GAF. 

LIL. 



OPC. 

ACY, ARA. 

DOW. 

GAF. 

DUP. 

SDW. 



DOW, DVC, HK, HKD, MON, MTO, OMC, PPG, SCC. 



ACY, DUP, ICI. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



33 



TABLE 2. 



■Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



2 -Ch loro- 1 , 4-dihydroxy anthraquinone 

4'-Chloro-2 ' ,5 ' -dimethoxyacetoacetanilide 

4-Chloro-2,5-dimethoxyaniline 

4-Chloro-N,N-dimethyl-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide 

[(4-Chloro-2,5-dimethylphenyl)thio]acetic acid 

l-Chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (DinitrochlorobenzeneJ 

3-Chloro-4,6-dinitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

4-Chloro-3,5-dinitrobenzenesulfonic acid, potassium salt- 

3-Chlorodiphenylainine 

Chlorodiphenylmethane 

n- (2-Chloroethyl} -4- (2-chloro-4-nitrophenylazo} -N-ethyl- 
aniline. 

4- [(2-chloroethyl)ethylamino]-o-toluidine 

p-[(2-Chloroethyl)niethylamino]benzaldehyde 

Chloroformic acid, benzyl ester 

Chloroformic acid, phenyl ester 

l-Chloro-4-hydroxy anthraquinone 

4-Chloro-5-hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

5 ' -Chloro-3-hydroxy-2-naphth-o-anisidide 

3-Chloro-4-hydroxyquinoline- 3, 4- carbonic acid 

4-Chlorometanilic acid 

5-Chlorometanilic acid 

6-Chlorometanilic acid 

5-Chloro-2-methoxybenzenediazonium chloride 

N-[(5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)azo]sarcosine 

p-(Chloromethyl5anisole 

*l-Chloro-2 -methyl anthraquinone 

6-Chloro-4-methylbenzo[b]thiophene-2-ol 

4-Chloro-7-methylbenzo[b] thiophen-3C2H)-one 

4-(Chloromethyl)-l,2-dimethylbenzene 

4-(Chloromethyl) -1,3-dimethylbenzene 

1-CChloromethyl) naphthalene 

4-Chloro-N-methyl-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide 

2 -Chloro-5-[N-methylsulfamoyl) sulfanilamide 

S-Chloro-2-(N-methylsulfamyl]-4-sulfamyl-N-benzylaniline- 

4 -Chloro-3-(methylsulfonyl) nitrobenzene 

Chloronaphthalenes 

2-Chloro-4-nitroaniline (o-Chloro-p-nitroanilineJ 

4-Chloro-2-nitroaniline (p-Chloro-o-nitroaniline) 

1-Chloro-S -nit ro anthraquinone 

4-Q\loro-3-nitrobenzaldehyde 

l-Chloro-2-nitrobenzene (Chloro-o-nitrobenzene) 

l-Chloro-3-nitrobenzene (Chloro-m-nitrobenzene) 

*l-Chloro-4-nitrobenzene (Chloro-p-nitrobenzene) 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfinic acid 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonamide 

*4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

*4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

2-Chloro-4-nitrobenzoic acid 

2-Qiloro-5-nitrobenzoic acid 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzoic acid 

o-(4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzoyl}benzoic acid 

4-Chloro-3-nitrocinnamic acid 

4-Chloro-3-nitrophenyl methyl sulfone 

2-Chloro-4-nitrotoluene 



HSH. 

PCW. 

PCW. 

EKT. 

ACS. 

SDC. 

TRC. 

SDC. 

SK. 

OPC. 

GAF. 

AAP. 
GAF, 
CTN, 
CTN, 
ICl. 
GAF. 
PCW. 
SDH. 
DUP. 
ACS. 
AAP. 
GAF. 
ATL. 
SDW. 
ACS, 
ACY. 
ACS 
BPC. 
BPC. 
BPC. 
TRC. 
ABB. 
ABB 
TRC. 
KPS. 
DUP, 
DUP, 
ACY, 
GAF. 
AAP, 
DUP, 
AAP, 
TRC. 
AAP. 
AAP, 
ACS, 
DUP, 
ACS, 
AAP, 
SAL. 
TRC. 
PCW. 
AAP, 
GAF. 
TRC. 
DUP. 



TRC. 

EK, RSA. 
EK, OTC. 



ACY, CMC, DUP, TRC. 



SDC. 
SDC. 
DUP, TRC. 

DUP, MON, UPM. 

UPM. 

DUP, MON, UPM. 



DUP, EKT, GAF, ICC, TRC. 

TRC. 

GAF. 

GAF, TRC. 

DUP, EKT, SAL, SDC. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. 



-Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
Caccording to list in table 3) 



2-Chloro-6-nitrotoluene 

4-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene 

4-Chloro-3-nitrotoluene 

a-Chloro-m-nitrotoluene 

o-Chlorophenol 

p-Ch 1 oropheno 1 

2-Chlorophenothiazine 

(p-Chlorophenoxy)acetic acid 

(p-Chlorophenyl)acetonitrile 

4-Chloro-o-phenylenediamine 

(o-Chlorophenyl) hydrazine 

3- (o-Chlorophenyl) -5-methyl-4-isoxazolecarbonyl chloride- 
3- Co-Chlorophenyl)-5-methyl-4-isoxazole carboxylic acid-- 

1- (p-Chlorophenyl)-3-methyl-2-pyrazolin-S-one 

p-Chlorophenyl methyl sulfone 

2-Chloro-4-phenylphenol 

1- [4- (p-Chlorophenyl)-3-phenyl-2-butenyl] pyrrolidine 

hydrobromide. 

4-Chlorophthalic acid 

(3-Chloropropenyl)benzene (Cinnamyl chloride) 

1- (3-Chloropropyl) -4-methylpiperazine 

N - [6-Chloro-3-pyridazinyl)sulfanilamide 

7-Chloro-4-quinolinol 

4-Chlororesorcinol 

5-Chlorosalicylic acid 

Chlorostyrene, mono- 

2-Chloro-5-sulfamoylbenzoic acid 

2-Chlorothiophene 

m-Chlorotoluene 

o-Chlorotoluene 

p-Chlorotoluene 

*a-Chlorotoluene (Benzyl chloride) — 7 

3-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=1] 

3-Chloro-p-toluidine [NH2=1] 

4-Chloro-o-toluidine [NHj^l] and hydrochloride 

5-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=1] (4-Chloro-o-toluidine 

[CH3=1]). 

5-Chloro-o-toluidine hydrochloride [NH2=1] 

N-[ (5-Chloro-o-tolyl)azo]sarcosine 

[ (4-Chloro-o-tolyl)thio] acetic acid 

[ (5-Chloro-o-tolyl)thio] acetic acid 

4-Chloro-a,a,a-trifluoro-3-nitrotoluene 

p-Chloro-a,a,a-trifluorotoluene 

6-Chloro-a,a,a-trif luoro-m-toluidine 

Chlorotriphenylmethane 

a-Chloro-o-xylene 

a-Chloro-p- xylene 

2-Chloro-p-xylene 

4-Chloro-2,5-xylenesulfonyl chloride 

4-Chloro-3,5-xylenol 

Cholesteryl nonanoate 

Cholesteryl oleyl carbonate (Mesomorphic) 

Cholestyramine resin 

Cholic acid 

Cinnamoyl chloride 

*Cresols:^ 

m-Cresol 

*o-Cresol : 

From coal tar 

From petrol etun 

p-Cresol 



DUP. 




DUP. 




BUC. 




EK. 




DOW, 


X. 


DOW, 


MON. 


SK. 




EK. 




ARS, 


OPC. 


FMT. 




GAF. 




ARS, 


OTC. 


TRC. 




TRC. 




DOW. 




LIL. 




SW. 




SDW. 




SK. 




ACY. 




SDW. 




AAP, 


GAF. 


PCW. 




DOW. 




TRC. 




FIS. 




HK. 




HN. 




HN. 




BPC, 


HN, MQN, VEL. 


DUP. 




DUP. 




BUC, 


PCW. 


DUP. 




ATL, 


SDH. 


ATL. 




ACY, 


GAF. 


ACS. 




PCW. 




HK. 




PCW. 




EK. 




BPC. 




BPC. 




DUP. 




OTA. 




EK. 




EK. 




MRK. 




WIL. 




ARS, 


X. 


KPT, 


PRD. 


KPT, 


PRD. 


KPT, 


MER, NPC, PRD, SW 


HPC, 


SW. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



35 



TABLE 2. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table) 



Cresols, mixed: 
*C'''jP5-Cresol : 

From coal tar 

From petroleum 

Co,m,p)-Cresol : 

From coal tar 

From petroleum 

Other 

*Cresylic acid, refined: 

*From coal tar 

*From petroleum 

*Cumene 

p-Cumylphenol 

4-[ (2-Cyanoethyl)ethylamino]-o-tolualdehyde 

p- [ [2-Cyanoethyl)methylaraino]benzaldehyde 

*Cyclohexane 

1,2-Cyclohexanedicarboxylic anhydride 

1,3-Cyclohexanedione 

Cyclohexane oxide 

*Cyclohexanol 

*Cyclohexanone 

Cyclohexanone oxime 

Cyclohexene 

4-Cyclohexene-l-carboxaldehyde 

4-Cyclohexene-l,2-dicarboximide 

4-Cyclohexene-l,2-dicarboxylic anhydride 

Cyclohexylamine 

Cyclohexyl-2-propanone 

N-Cyclohexyltaurine, sodium salt 

Cyclopentadienyliron 

Cyclopentamine base 

Cyclopentanepropionic acid ■ 

Cyclopentanol 

Cyclopentene 

[2-Cyclopenten-l-yl)-2-propanone 

p-Cymene 

Decabromobiphenyl 

Deoxycholic acid 

Diacenaphthol[l,2-j :l,2-l]fluoranthene (Decacyclene)- 

1,5 (and l,8)-Diacetamidoanthraquinone 

3,5-Diacetamido-2,4,6-triiodobenzoic acid 

3^- [gi (2-acetoxyethyl)amino] -p-acetophenetidide 

N ,N -Diallylmelamine 

*l,4-Diaminoanthraquinone 

1,5-Diaminoanthraquinone 

1,5 (and l,8)-Uiaminoanthraquinone 

*2,6-Diaininoanthraquinone 

3,3'-Diaminobenzanilide 

3>4-Diaininobenzanilide 

2,4-Diaminobenzeriesulfonic acid [SSjHsl] 

2,5-Diaminobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

4,4'-Dianiino-l,l'-bianthraquinone-3,3'-disulfonic 
acid. 

4,4'-Diamino-2,2'-biphenyldisulfonic acid 

1,3-Diaminocyclohexane 

3 , 7-Dianiino-4 ,6-dibenzothiophenedisulfonic acid , 

5,5-dioxide, disodium salt. 
1 , 5-Diamino-2 , 6-dibromo-4 , 8-di-p-toluidinoanthra- 

quinone . 
l,4-Diajiiino-2,3-dichloroanthraquinone 

*l,4-Diamino-2,3-dihydroanthraquinone 



ACP, KPT, PRD. 
MER, NPC, PIT, PRD. 



ACP, KPT. 








NPC. 








SW. 








ACP, KPT, PRD. 








MER, NPC, PIT, PRD. 








ASH, CLK, CSP, DOW, GOC, 


HPC 


MOC, MON, PLC 


SHC 


SKO, SNT, SOC, TX. 








PCW. 








DUP, GAF. 








DUP, GAF. 








ASH, ATR, CO, CSD; ENJ, 


GOC, 


GRS, PLC, PPR, 


SWC, 


TX, UOC. 








ACS. 








PD. 








USR. 








ACP, GEL, CNP, DUP, EKT, 


MON 






ACP, CEL, CNP, DBC, DUP, 


MON 






ACP, ACS, CNP. 








PLC, USR. 








UCC. 








CHO. 








PTT. 








ABB, MON, VGC. 








GIV. 








GAF. 








ARA. 








LIL. 








ARA. 








LIL. 








ARA, PLC. 








LIL. 








ACS, HN, X. 








MCH. 








WIL. 








SDC. 








AAP. 








SDW. 








TRC. 








ACY. 








ACS, CMC, DUP, TRC. 








GAF, TRC. 








AAP, TRC. 








AAP, GAF, ICI, TRC, VPC. 








TRC. 








SW. 








ACS, DUP, TRC. 








TRC. 








TRC. 








ACS, ACY. 








DUP. 








ACY. 








ICI. 








AAP, DUP. 








AAP, ACY, ATL, CMG, DUP, 


GAF, 


HSH, ICC, ICI 


MAY 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2.- 



- Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to 11.st in table 3) 



4,8-Diamino-9,10-dihydro-l,5-dihydroxy-9,10-dioxo-2,6- 

anthracenedisulfonic acid. 
l,4-Diamino-9,10-dihydro-9,10-dioxo-2,3-anthracenedi- 

carboximide. 

l,5-Diamino-4,8-dihydroxyanthraquinone 

4,S-Diamino-l,8-dihydroxyanthraquinone 

2,7-Diainino-3,6-dinitrofluoren-9-one 

2,4-Diamino-6-phenyl-s-triazine 

2,6-Diaminopyridine 

*4,4'-Diamino-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

3,5-Diaiiiino-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

4,6-Diamino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

3,5-Diamino-2,4,6-triiodobenzoic acid 

l,4:3,6-Dianhydroglucitol 

l,5-Dianilino-9,10-dihydro-9, 10-aioxo-2,6-anthracenedi- 

carboxylic acid. 

2,5-Dianilinoterephthalic acid 

Diarylguanidine 

p-Diazo-N,N-diraethylaniline-l-amino-8-naphthol-3-sul- 

fonate-6-sulfonic acid, sodium salt. 
5(and 3)-Diazo-6-oxo-l,3(and l,4)-cyclohexadiene-l-car- 

boxylic acid. 

l.S-Dibenzamidoanthraquinone 

6,ll-Dibenzainido-16H-dinaphtho[2,3-a,2' ,3'-i]carbazole- 

5,10,15,17-tetrone. 

*4,5'-Dibenzamido-l,l'-iminodianthraquinone 

4"',5-Dibenzamido-4-methoxy-l,l '-iminodianthraquinone — 

2-Dibenzofuranol 

1,5-Dibenzoylnaphthalene 

3'- (N,N-Dibenzyl)amino-p-acetanisidide 

N,N' -Dibenzylethylenedi amine 

N,N'-Dibenzylethylenediamine diacetate 

3,4-Dibenzyloxybutyrophenone 

N,N-Dibenzylsulfanilic acid 

2,4 ' -Dibromoacetophenone 

3,9-Dibromo-7H-benz[de]anthracen-7-one 

ar-Dibromobenzene 

m-Dibromobenzene 

4,4'-Dibromobenzil 

2,6-Dibrorao-4-nitroaniline 

2,6-Dibromo-4-nitrophenol 

a,a-Dibromo-p-nitrotoluene 

5,13-Dibromo-8,16-pyranthrenedione 

3,5-Dibromo-3'-trifluoromethylsalicylanilide 

2,5-Dibutoxy-4-morpholinobenzenediazonium sulfate 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-benzoquinone 

l,l'-Di-n-butyldicyclopentadienyliron 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-4-nonylphen0l 

2,4-Di-tert-butylphenol 

Dibutyltin bis(cyclohexylmaleate) 

3' ,4'-Dichloroacetophenone 

3,4-Dichloroaniline 

2,5-Dichloroaniline and hydrochloride [NH2=1] 

3- (2,4-Dichloroanilino)-l- (2,4,6-trichlorophenyl)-2- 

pyrazolin-5-one . 

*l,S-Dichloroanthraquinone 

1 , 5 (and 1,8) -Dichloroanthraquinone 

1,8-Dichloroanthraquinone 

Dichlorobenzanthrone 

m-Dichlorobenzene 

*o-Dichlorobenzene 

*p-Dichlorobenzene 

o(and p)-Dichlorobenzene 

2,S-Dichlorobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

*3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine base and salts 

2,2'-Dichlorobenzil 



VEL. 
RIL. 
ACY, CGY, GAF, SDH, TRC, VPC . 



VPC. 

ICl. 

BJL. 

RH, 

NEP, 

ACS, 

GAF. 

ACS. 

SDW. 

APD. 

ACS. 

SDC. 
DUP. 
IDC. 



GAF, TRC. 
ICI. 



ACY, 

SDH. 

GAF. 

ACY, 

SDC. 

WYT. 

WYT. 

SDW. 

ICl, 

EK, 

DUP, 

DOW. 

EK. 

NES. 

SDC. 

SW. 

DUP. 

DUP, 

PCW. 

ALL. 

NES. 

ARA. 

GAF. 

DOW. 

X. 

EK. 
DUP, 

BUC, 
EK. 

ACS, 

DUP. 

GAF, 

ACY. 

EK, 

ACS, 

ACS, 

DVC. 

ACS. 

ACS, 

MTO. 



GAF, ICI, MAY, TRC. 
DUP, GAF, TRC, VPC. 



NES. 
MAY, TRC. 



MON. 

DUP. 



DUP, GAF, ICI, TRC. 
ICI. 



DOW, DUP, HKD, MON, NEV, PPG, SCC, SVT. 
DOW, DVC, MON, NEV, PPG, SCC, SVT. 



CWN, LAK. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



37 



TABLE 2. 



-Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



2,4-Dichlorobenzoic acid 

4,4'-Dichlorobenzophenone 

4,7-Dichlorobenzo[b]thiophen-3(2H)one 

2,4-Dichlorobenzoyl chloride 

2,5-Dichlorobenzoyl chloride 

Dichlorobenzyl chloride 

4,4- (2,6-Dichlorobenzylidene)-di-2,6-xylidine 

7,16-Dichloro-6,15-dihydro-S,9,14,18-anthrazinetetrone — 
4,5-Dichloro-3,6-dioxo-l,4-cyclohexadiene-l,2-dicarbo- 

nitrile. 

Dichlorodiphenylsilane 

2' ,7'-Dichlorof luorescein 

2- (5, 8-Dich lore- 1 -hydroxy- 2-naph thy lazo)-l -phenol -4- 

sulfonamide. 

5,14-Dichloroisoviolanthrone 

*2,5-Dichloro-4- (3-niethyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzene- 

sulfonic acid. 

Dichloromethylphenylsilane 

2,6-Dichloro-4-nitroaniline 

l,2-Dichloro-4-nitrobenzene 

l,4-Dichloro-2-nitrobenzene (Nitro-p-dichlorobenzene) 

2,S-Dichloro-3-nitrobenzoic acid 

2,5-Dichloro-3-nitrobenzoic acid, ammonium salt 

2,4-Dichlorophenol 

3- (2 ',6' -0ichlorophenyl)-5-methyl-4-isoxazolecarbonyl 
chloride. 

[ (2,5-Dichlorophenyl)thio]acetic acid t-- 

2,6-Dichloropyrazine 

3,6-Dichloropyridazine 

4,7-Dichloroquinoline 

*2,5-Dichlorosulfanilic acid [SQ3H=1] 

2,5-Dichloro-4-sulfobenzenediazonium sulfate 

2,6-Dichlorotoluene 

m,a-Dichlorotoluene 

p,a-Dichlorotoluene 

Dichloroxylene 

Dicyclohexyl amine 

Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide 

1,3-Dicyclohexy 1-2- thiourea 

*Dicyclopentadiene (includes cyclopentadiene) 

Dicyclopentadiene dioxide 

Didodecylbenzene ■ 

p-Diethoxybenzene 

2,5-Diethoxy-4-morpholinobenzenediazonium chloride, zinc 
chloride. 

*p- (Diethylamino)benzaldehyde 

3'- [2- (Diethylamino)ethyl]-4'-hydroxyacetanilide 

a- I (2-Diethylamino) ethyl] -a-phenylcyclohexanemethanol , 
hydrochloride. 

7-Diethylamino-4-methylcoumarin 

m-(Diethylamino) phenol (N,N-Diethyl-3-aminophenol) 

3-[(4-N,N-Diethylamino)phenylazo]-lH-l,2,4-triazole 

3- (DiBthylamino)propiophenone 

4- (Diethylamino)-o-tolualdehyde 

*N,N-Diethylaniline 

N,N-Diethyl-m-anisidine 

Diethylbenzene 

l,l'-Diethyl-4,4'-carbocyanine iodide (Cryptocyanine) 

N,N-Diethylcyclohexylainine 

a,a'-Diethyl-4,4'-dimethoxystilbene 

N,N-Diethvlmetanilic acid 

N',N'-Diethyl-4-methoxymetanilamide 



HN. 

NES. 

ACS. 

HN. 

GAP. 

BPC. 

DUP. 

ICI. 

ARA. 

DCC. 



ICI. 

ACY, CMC, TRC, VPC. 

DCC. 

CWN, EKT, HSH, SW, TRC. 

DUP, MON, SDC. 

DUP, SDC, VPC. 

GAP. 

GAP. 

DOW, MON. 

APD, OTC. 



ACS, 

ACY, 

ACY, 

PD, 

ACS, 

TRC, 

GAP. 

BPC. 

HN. 

BPC. 



SDW. 
CMG, DUP, VPC. 



GOC, MON, UCC, VEL. 



CWN. 

ABB. 

EN J, 

VEL. 

CO. 

GAP. 

ALL. 



ACS, DUP, GAP, TRC. 

PD. 

ACY. 



GAP. 

ACY, 

TRC. 

ACY. 

DUP. 

ACS, 

DUP. 

DOW, 

EK. 

DUP. 

LIL. 

DUP. 

PCW. 



ACY, DSC, DUP, SDH. 
KPP. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



N,N-Diethyl-p-nitrosoaniline 

N,N-Diethyl-4-nitroso-m-anisidine hydrochloride 

N,N-Diethyl-4-nitroso-m-phenetidine 

N.N-Diethyl-m-phenetidine 

N.N-Diethyl-m-toluidine 

N,N-Diethyl-p-toluidine 

6,15-Dihydro-5,9,14,18-anthrazinetetrone 

10,ll-Dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cyclohepten-5-one 

*9,10-Dihydro-l,4-dihydroxy-9,10-dioxo-2-anthracenesul- 
fonic acid- 
9, 10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-l,5-anthracenedisulfonic acid — 
*9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-l,5-anthracenedisulfonic acid, 
disodium salt. 
9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-l,5(and 1 ,8;)-anthracene- 
disulfonic acid and salt. 
*9, 10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-l,8-anthracenedisulfonic acid, 

potassium salt. 
*9, lO-Dihydro-9, 10-dioxo-2,6-anthracenedisulfonic acid 

and salt. 
*9, 10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-l-anthracenesulfonic acid and 
salt (.Gold salt) . 
9,10-Dihydro-9, lO-dioxo-2-anthracenesulfonic acid and 

salt (Silver salt). 
3,4-Dihydro-3,4-dioxo-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid, 

sodium salt. 
[Dihydrogen 3,3' ' -phthalocyaninedisulfonate (2-) ] copper-- 
10, ll-Dihydro-5-[3- (njethylaminopropyl)] -5H-dibenzo[a,d] - 

cyclohepten-5-ol . 
9,10-Dihydro-5-nitro-9, 10-dioxo-l-anthracenesulfonic 

acid. 
9,10-Dihydro-5(and 8) -nitro-9, 10-dioxo-l-anthracene- 
sulfonic acid. 

9, 10-Dihydro-l-nitro-9,10-dioxo-2-anthroic acid 

l,4-Dihydro-4-oxo-2,6-pyTidinedicarboxylic acid 

*l,4-Dihydroxyanthraquinone (Quinizarin) 

* 1 , 5 -Dihydroxyanthraquinone (Anthraruf in) 

1 , 5 (and 1,8) -D ihydroxyanthraquinone 

1,8-Dihydroxyanthraquinone (Chrysazin) 

2,6-Dihydroxyanthraquinone (Anthraf lavic acid) 

2,4-Dihydroxybenzaldehyde 

2,5-Dihydroxybenzenesulfonic acid, potassium salt 

2,4-Dihydroxybenzophenone 

l,S-Dihydroxy-4,8-dinitroanthraquinone 

* 1 , 8-Dihydroxy-4 , 5-dinitroanthraquinone (4 , 5-Dinitro- 

chrysazin) . 

3,4-Dihydroxyhydrocinnamic acid, ethyl ester 

4,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Chromo- 

tropic acid) . 

6,7-Dihydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

116,21-Dihydroxypregna-4,17(20)-cis-dien-3-one 

4,5-Dihydroxy-3- (p-sulfophenylazo) -2,7-naphthalene- 

disulfonic acid, trisodium salt. 
*16,17-Dihydroxyviolanthrone (Dihydroxydibenzanthrone) -- 

m-Diiodobenzene 

3,5-Diiodosalicylic acid 

Diisopropylbenzene 

N,N'-Diisopropyl-p-phenylenedi amine 

2,5-Dimethoxyaniline 

1 , 5 (and 1,8) -Dimethoxyanthraquinone 

2,5-Dlmethoxybenzaldehyde 

m-D imethoxyb enzene 

p-Dimethoxybenzene 



EK. 
















DUP. 
















GAF. 
















GAF. 
















DUP, 


RSA. 














RSA. 
















TRC. 
















LIL. 
















AAP, 


ACS, 


HSH, 


PAT. 










TRC. 
















DUP, 


GAF, 


ICI, 


TRC. 










DUP, 


TRC. 














GAF, 


ICI, 


TRC. 












AAP, 


GAF, 


ICI, 


TRC, 


VPC. 








AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


ICI, 


MAY, 


TRC 


DUP, 


TRC. 















ICI. 

LIL. 

TRC. 

ICI. 

DUP, 

SDW. 

AAP, 

ACS, 

CMG, 

GAF, 

GAF, 

EK. 

NES. 

DUP. 

TRC, 

DUP, 

BJL. 
ACS. 

IDC. 
UPJ. 
EK. 



GAF. 

ACY, DUP, GAF, HSH, ICC, MAY, TRC. 

GAF, TRC. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

TRC. 



VPC. 
GAF, ICI. 



ACY, DUP, GAF, ICI, MAY. 
EK. 



DOW. 
DUP, 
EKT, 
TRC. 

CWN. 
ACY, 
ASL. 



USR. 
PCW. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



39 



TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
[according to list in table 3) 



3,3'-Diniethoxybenzidine (o-Dianisidine) 

3,3 ' -Dimethoxybenzidine hydrochloride 

N,N '- [ (3, 3 ' -Dimethoxy-4,4 ' -biphenylylene)bis (azo) ]bis- 
(N-methyltaurineJ . 

2,5-r)imethoxy-g-methyl-B-nitrostvrene 

2,S-Dimethoxy-a-methylphenethylamine hydrobromide 

N- (3 , 4-Dimethoxy-a-niethy Iphenethy 1 ) - 2- (4- ethoxy- 3- 
methoxyphenyl^acet amide. 

l,4-Diniethoxy-2-nitrobenzene 

2,5-Dimethoxy-4'-nitrostilbene 

3,4-Dimethoxyphenethylamine (Homoveratrylamine) 

4- (2' ,S'-Dimethoxyphenethyl)aniline hydrochloride 

N- (3,4-Dimethoxyphenethyl)-2- C3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)- 
acetamide. 

(3, 4-Dimethoxyphenyl) acetic acid 

C3,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)acetonitrile 

1- (3,4'-Dimethoxyphenyl3-2-aiiiinDpropane 

1- (3,4'-Dimethoxyphenyl)-2-nitropropene 

2,5-Dimethoxytetrahydrofuran 

16,17-Dimethoxyviolanthrone 

1,5-Dimethylaminoanthraquinone 

p- (Dimethylaminojbenzaldehyde 

m-(Dimethylamino) benzoic acid 

a-(Dimethylamino)-p-cresol 

6-Diinethylamino-2-[2,5-dimethyl-l-phenyl-3-pyrryl)- 

vinyl]-l-methyl-l-quinolinium methyl sulfate. 
2- [ [2- (Dimethylamino) ethyl] -2-thenylamino] pyridine 
(nonmedicinal grade) . 

2-[ [2- (Dimethylamino) ethyl] -3-thenylamino] pyridine 

5-Dimethylaminonaphthalenesulfonyl chloride 

m- (Dimethylamino) phenol 

*N,N-Dimethylaniline 

7, 12-Dimethylbenz [a] anthracene 

3,3'-Dimethylbenzidine (o-Tolidine) 

3,3'-Dimethylbenzidine hydrochloride 

*N,N-Dimethylbenzylamine 

a,a-Dimethylbenzyl hydroperoxide 

4-Ca,a-Dimethylbenzyl-2-phenylazophenol 

*2 , 2 ' -Dimethyl- 1 , 1 ' -bianthraquinone 

5,5-Dimethyl-l,3-cyclohexanedione 

N,N-Dimethylcyclohexylamine 

5,5-Dimethylhydantoin 

2, 3-Dimethyl indole 

2,5-Dimethyl-4(2)-morpholinylmethylphenol, hydro- 
chloride. 

N,N-Dimethyl-l-naphthylamine 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-nitrosoaniline 

6,6-Dimethyl-2-norpinene-2-ethanol 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine hydrochloride 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine sulfate 

1,4-Dimethylpiperazine 

N,N-Dimethyl sulfanilamide 

N,N-Dimethylsulfanilic acid 

Dimethyl- 5- sulfoisophthalate 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-toluidine 

2,4-Dinitroacetanilide 

*2,4-Dinitroaniline 

p- (2, 4-Dinitroanilino) phenol 

1,5 (and l,8)-Dinitroanthraquinone 

N,N ' - (2 ,4-Dinitro- 1 , 5-anthraquinonylene) dioxamic acid- 
3,3'-Dinitrobenzanilide 



ALL, CWN, SDH. 
ALL, CWN. 
GAF. 



LIL. 
UPJ. 
LIL. 

LIL. 

LIL. 

LIL. 

LIL. 

HEX. 

ICI, MAY. 

AAP. 

TRC. 

NES, SDH. 

TKL. 



SOW. 








EK. 








ACY. 








ACS, 


ACY, 


DSC 


DUP. 


EK. 








ALL, 


CWN. 






CWN, 


DUP, 


EK. 




ARS, 


MLS, 


RH, 


SW. 


CLK. 








TRC. 








ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP 


GAF, ICI, TRC 


AAP. 








ABB, 


DUP, 


EKT 




GLY. 








DUP. 








IDC. 








EK. 








ACY. 








RDA. 








EKT. 








EK. 








EK. 








JCC. 








PCW. 








AAP, 


GAF. 






X. 








EK, 


RSA. 






SDC. 








AAP, 


ACY, 


SDC. 




GAF, 


SDC. 






AAP, 


TRC. 






TRC. 








TRC. 









SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



-Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



3' ,4-Dinitrobenzanilide 

m-Dinitrobenzene 

2,4-Dinitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

2,4-Dinitrobenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

3,5-Dinitrobenzoic acid 

3,5-Dinitrobenzoyl chloride 

3,3'-Dinitro-4,4'-biacetanilide 

10,10'-Dinitro[3,3'-bi-7H[de]anthracene]-7,7'-dione 

Dinitrocaprylphenol 

2,4-Dinitrocumene 

3, 5 -Dinitro-N,N-dipropyl sulfanilamide 

1- (3,5-Dinitro-2-hydroxyphenylazo)-2-naphthol 

2,4-Dinitrophenol, tech 

(2,4-Dinitrophenyl)hydrazine 

3,5-Dinitrosalicylic acid 

*4,4'-Dinitrostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid 

2,4-Dinitrotoluene 

* 2, 4 (and 2 ,6)-Dinitrotoluene 

Dinonylphenol 

2,4-Di-tert-pentylphenol 

Di-tert-pentylphenoxyacetyl chloride 

2- (2,4-Di-tert-pentylphenoxy)butyric acid 

1 , 5 -D iphenoxy anthr aquinone 

Diphenylacet aldehyde 

Diphenylacetic acid 

Diphenylacetonitrile, tech 

*Diphenyl amine 

2,8-Diphenylanthra[l,2-d:6,5-d']bisthiazole-6,12-dione- 

2,5-Diphenyl-p-benzoquinone 

Diphenylcarbamyl chloride 

1,1-Diphenylethylene 

N,N'-Diphenylethylenediamine 

2,S-Diphenyloxazole 

l,3-Diphenyl-l,3-propanedione 

4,4 '-Dithiodiani line 

2,2'-Dithiodibenzoic acid 

*1 ,4-Di-p-toluidinoanthraquinone 

l,S-Di-p-toluidinoanthraquinone 

1,8-Di-p-toluidinoanthraquinone 

2,5-Di-p-toluidinoterephthalic acid 

*Divinylbenzene 

p-Dodecylaniline 

Dodecylbenzene. (See Alkylbenzenes . ) 

Dodecylbenzyl chloride 

Dodecylmethylbenzyl chloride 

*p-Dodecylphenol 

Eos in (2 ' ,4' ,5' ,7 ' -Tetrabromof luorescein) 

l,2-Epoxy-3- (2-biphenylyl) propane 

o-Ethoxybenzoic acid 

4-Ethoxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde 

4-Ethoxy-3-methoxybenzyl alcohol 

1- (4-Ethoxy-3-methoxybenzyl)-6,7-dimethoxy-3-methyliso- 
quinone . 

(4-Ethoxy-3-methoxyphenyl) acetic acid 

2-Ethoxy-l-naphthoyl chloride 

4-Ethoxy-o-phenylenediamine 

N'- (6- Ethoxy-3-pyridazinyl) sulfanilamide 

3- (Ethy 1 amino) -p-cresol 

*N- Ethyl aniline, refined 

2-(N-Ethanilino)ethanol 

[2- (N-Ethylanilino) ethyl] trimethylammonium chloride 

a-(N-Ethylanilino)-m-toluenesulfonic acid 



AAP. 










DUP. 










EK, 


TRC. 








EK. 










SAL. 










EK. 










AAP. 










DUP, 


MAY. 








RH. 










DUP. 










SDC. 










TRC. 










AAP, 


SDC. 








EK. 










EK, 


SAL. 








ACY, 


CGY, 


DUP, 


GAP, 


SDH, TCD, TRC 


ACS, 


DUP, 


RUC. 






DUP, 


MOB, 


UCC. 






GAP, 


JCC. 








PAS, 


PRD. 








EK. 










EK. 










VPC. 










ARA. 










ARA. 










PIS. 










ACY, 


DUP, 


FST, 


ORO, 


RUC, USR. 


GAP, 


ICI. 








EK. 










EK. 










EK. 










RPC 










ARA 


EK. 








EK, 


RSA. 








SDC. 










LIL 


SW. 








ACS 


ATL, 


GAP, 


ICI, 


TRC. 


ICI 










ICI 










SDC 










DOW 


FG, 


KPP. 






MON 










CO. 










RH. 










GAP 


MON, 


X, 






ICC 










NES 










ACY 










LIL 










LIL 










LIL 










LIL 










WYT 










TRC 










ACY 










DUP 










ACS 


ACY 


DUP, 


SDH. 




DUP 


EKT 








DUP 










GAP 


SDH 


WJ. 







CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



41 



TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



a- [N-Ethylanilino) -p-toluenesulfonic acid- 
2 -Ethy lanthraquinone 

*Ethylbenzene 



Ethylbenzyl chloride 

N-Ethyl-l-cyclohexen-l-ylamine 

N- Ethy Icyclohexyl amine 

3,3'-Ethylenedioxydiphenol 

Ethylene glycol dibenzenesulfonate 

2-[N-Ethyl-p-[ [6-methoxy-2-benzothiazolyl)azo] aniline] - 

ethanol . 

N-Ethyl-N-(2-methylsulfonamidoethyl]-m-toluidine 

N-Ethyl-1-naphthylamine 

*N-Ethyl-N-phcnylbenzylainine 

9-Ethyl-3-nitrocarbazole 

a-Ethyl-3-nitrocinnainic acid 

N-[2-CN-Ethyl-4-nitroso-ni-toluidino(ethyl]methane- 

sulfonamide. 

p-Ethylphenol 

Ethylphenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester 

5-Ethyl-2-picoline (2-Methyl-5-ethylpyridine) (MEP) 

1-Ethylpiperidine 

2-Ethylpyridine 

6-Ethyl- 1,2,3, 4-tetrahydro-l, 1,4, 4-tetramethyl- 

naphthalene. 

N-Ethyl-m-toluidine 

N-Ethyl-o-toluidine 

3-(N-Ethyl-ni-toluidino3propionitrile 

a-(N-Ethyl-m-toluidino)-m-toluenesulfonic acid 

1-Ethynyl-l-cyclohexanol 

Fluoren-9-one 

Fluorescein (3' ,6'-Dihydroxyfluoran) 

l-Fluoro-2,4-dinitrobenzene 

d- 2 - Form amido-l -phenyl -1,3 -propanediol 

4-Formyl-m-benzenedisulfonic acid 

o-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid (o-Sulfobenzaldehyde] 



Furan- 

Furfuryl alcohol 

Furfurylamine 

N-Glycolylarsanilic acid, sodium salt 

Hexabromobenzene 

Hexabromobiphenyl 

Hexachlorocyclopentadiene 

1,4,5,6,7, 7-Hexachloro-5-norbornene-2 , 3-dicarboxylic 

acid, 
1,4, 5 ,6 , 7, 7-Hexachloro-5-norbornene-2 , 3-dicarboxylic 
anhydride . 

Hexadecachlorophthalocyanine, copper complex 

Hexafluorobenzene 

l,2,3,4,5,6-Hexahydro-8-hydr JXy-cis-6,ll-dimethyl-2,6- 
methano-2-benzazocine . 
Hexahydro-1-methy 1-4 -phenyl -lH-azepine-4-carbonitrile-- 
Hexamethylenimine 

*Hippuric acid 

p-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid 

Hydrazobenzene 

Hydroquinone, di(B-hydroxyethyl) ether 

*Hydroquinone, tech 

g-Hydroxy-p-acetophenetidide 

3'-Hydroxyacetophenone 

3'-Hydroxyacetophenone benzoate 

p-Hydroxybenzaldehyde 

*p-Hydroxybenzenesulfonic acid 



ACS, TRC. 
ACS, DUP. 
ATR, CSD, CSP, DOW, ENJ, FG, KPP, MCB, MON, SHC. 

SKC, SNT, SOG, STY, TOG, UCC. 
BPC. 
x. 

ABB, PAS. 
IDC. 
NES. 
TRG. 

WAY. 

DUP. 

ACS, DUP, SDH. 

SDC. 

SDW. 

WAY. 

ACY. 

BPC, MAL. 

UCC. 

RIL. 

RIL. 

GIV. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP, ICC. 

GAF. 

cue, EKT. 

EK. 

ICC. 

EK. 

PD. 

GAF. 

SDH. 

QKO. 

QKO. 

MLS. 

SDW. 

MCH. 

MCH. 

HK, VEL. 

HK. 

VEL. 



TRC. 






WHC. 






SDW. 






WYT. 






GEL, 


DUP 




BPC, 


HEX, 


NES. 


GAF, 


WJ. 




HEX. 






CTN. 






CRS, 


DA, 


DUP, EKT. 


GAF, 


TRC, 




CTN, 


SDH. 




SDH. 






DOW. 






DOW, 


MON, 


PRD, UPF. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 

TABLE 2. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



p-Hydroxybenzoic acid 

Hydroxybenzoic acid, mixed 

3 ' -Hydroxy- 2- (N-benzyl -N-methyl amino) acetophenone 

4-Hydroxycouinarin 

3-[N- (2-Hydroxyethyl)anilino]propionitrile 

3- TN- (2-Hydroxyethyl)anilino]propionitrile, acetate 

3_[jN- (2-Hydroxyethyl)anilino]propionitrile, benzoate 

N-3-Hydroxyethyl-2,4-dihydroxybenzamide 

N-3-Hydroxyethyl-3,5-dihydroxybenzainide 

N- [7-Hydroxy-8- [2-hydroxy-5- (methylsulfamoylphenyl) azo] - 

1-naphthyl] acet amide. 
6 ' -Hydroxy-S ' - [ [2-hydroxy-5-nitrophenyl) azo] -m-aceto- 

toluidide. 
N-[7-Hydroxy-8-[ (2-hydroxy-5-nitrophenyl)azo] -1- 

naphthyl ] acetamide . 
7-Hydroxy-8- [ [4 ' - [ (p-hydroxyphenyl )azo] -4-biphenylyl] - 
azo] - 1 , 3-naphthalenedisulf onic acid . 

*4-Hydroxymetanilamide 

4-Hydroxymetanilic acid 

N- (4-Hydroxymetanilyl)anthranilic acid 

3' -Hydroxy-2- (methylamino) acetophenone 

4-Hydroxy-l-methylcarbostyrj.l 

*3-Hydroxy-2-methylcinchoninic acid 

4-Hydroxy-N -me thy Imet anil amide 

4-Hydroxy-5-methyl-m-phenetidine hydrochloride 

N-(Hydroxymethyl)phthalimide 

3-Hydroxy-N- (3-N-morpholinopropyl)-2-naphthamide 

*3-Hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, dipotassium 
salt. 

*3-Hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, disodium salt- 

* 7- Hydroxy- 1, 3-naphthalenedisulf onic acid 

7-Hydroxy-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, disodium salt- 

4 -Hydroxy- 2-naph thai enesulfonamide 

4 -Hydroxy- 1-naphthalenesulf onic acid 

*6-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

*6-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

8-Hydroxy- 1-naphthalenesulf onic acid 

4-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid, benzenesulfonate 
sodium salt. 

l-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid, potassium salt 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthanilide (Naphthol AS) 

1 -Hydroxy- 2-naph thoic acid 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid (B.O.N.) 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid, methyl ester 

l-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid, phenyl ester 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphtho-o-toluidide 

N- (2-Hydroxy-l-naphthyl) acet amide 

*N- (7-Hydroxy-l-naphthyl) acet amide 

1- (2-Hydroxy-l-naphthylazo) -6-nitro-2-naphthol-4- 

sulfonic acid. 
4-Hydroxy-7- (p-nitrobenzamido)-2-naphthalenesulfonic 
acid. 

2-Hydroxy-S-nitrometanilic acid 

1- (2-Hydroxy-4-nitrophenyl azo) -2 -naphthol 

2,2'- (2-Hydroxy-4-nitrophenylimino)diethanol 

2-Hydroxy-4-n-octoxybenzophenone 

2 - (m-Hydroxyphenoxy ) ethanol 

0- [ (p-Hydroxyphenyl)azo]benzoic acid 

3- [4- (4'-Hydroxvphenylazo)-2,5-dimethoxyphenylazo] - 
benzenesulfamic acid. 

3-Hyaroxy-4- (phenylazo)-2-naphthoic acid 

lla-Hydroxyprogesterone 

4-Hydroxypropiophenone .-,--. 

2-Hydroxy-4-sulfo-l-naphthalenediazoniu7n hydroxide, 

inner salt. 
l-Hydroxy-4-p-toluidinoanthraquinone 



SDW. 
ABB. 
DUP, 
EKT. 
DUP. 
IDC. 
PCW. 
TRC. 

TRC. 



ACS, 


GMG, 


DUP, 


TRC, 


VPC 


ACS, 


CWN, 


TRC. 






TRC. 










CTN. 










ICC. 










AAP, 


DUP, 


GAP, 


ICC, 


TRC 


TRC. 










UPJ. 










ACY. 










IDC. 










TCD. 










ACS, 


ACY, 


GAP, 


TRC, 


WJ. 


DUP, 


TCD, 


TRC. 






ACS, 


ACY. 








GAP. 










ACS, 


DUP. 








ACS, 


SNA, 


TMS. 






ACY, 


TRC, 


WJ. 






VPC. 










GAP. 










EK. 










ATL. 










ACS. 










BUC, 


PCW. 








PCW. 










EK. 










ATL, 


PCW. 








ACY. 










CMC, 


GAP, 


TRC. 






TRC. 











GAP. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

WAY. 

CCW. 

BJL. 

EK. 

TRC. 

ICC. 
UPJ. 
MLS. 
ACY. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



43 



TABLE 2. 



-Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970-- Continued 



2-Iniidazolidinone 

2-Imidazolidinone modifications 

*l,l''-Iminobis[4-aminoanthraquinone] 

l,l'-Iininobis[4-ben2amidoanthraquinone] 

*1 , 1 ' -Iminobis [5-benzamidoanthraquinone] 

*7,7'-Iminobis[4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid] 

*!,!' -Iminobis [4-nitroanthraquinone] 

*!,!'- Iminodianthraquinone (1,1' -Dianthrimide) 

1-Indanone 

Indole- 2, 3-dione 

Indophenol, sodium salt 

5-Iodoanthranilic acid 

o-Iodobenzoic acid 

Isobutylbenzene 

*Isocyanic acid derivatives: 

Bitolylene diisocyanate (TODI) 

p-Chlorophenyl isocyanate 

Cyclohexyl isocyanate 

Dianisidine diisocyanate (DADI) 

Dicyclohexylmethane-4,4-diisocyanate 

Diphenylmethane-4,4' -diisocyanate (MDI) 

p-Methoxypheny 1 isocyanate 

Phenyl isocyanate 

Polyisocyanates (complex) 

*Polymethylene polyphenyl isocyanate 

Toluene 2,4-diisocyanate 

Toluene 2,4- and 2,6-diisocyanate (65/35 mixture) — 
♦Toluene 2,4- and 2,6-diisocyanate (80/20 mixture) — 

Other 

Isonicotinic acid, methyl ester 

Isonicotinonitrile 

Isooctylphenol 

Isophthalic acid (Benzene-l,3-dicarboxylic acid) 

Isophthalic acid, diallyl ester 

Isophthalic acid, dimethyl ester= 

Isophthalic acid, diphenyl ester 

Isophthaloyl chloride 

4,4'-Isopropylidenebis[2,6-dibromophenol] (Tetrabromo- 
bisphenol A) . 

4,4'-Isopropylidenebis[2,6-dibroraophenol]diacetate 

5,5' -Isopropylidenebis (2-hydroxy-m-xylene-a,a'-diol)-- 

*4,4'-Isopropylidenediphenol (Bisphenol A) 

4,4'-Isopropylidenediphenol, ethoxylated 

4,4'- I sopropy 1 idenedipheno 1, propoxylated 

o-Isopropylphenol 

p-Isopropylphenol 

Isopropylphenols, mixed 

4-Isopropyl-m-phenylenediaiiiine 

Isoviolanthrone (Isodibenzanthrone) 

*Leuco quinizarin (1,4,9,10-Anthratetrol) 

2,4-Lutidine 

2,6-Lutidine 

3,4-Lutidine 

Malonanilide 

Mandelonitrile 

*Melamine ■ 

*dl-p-Mentha-l,8-diene (Limonene) 

p-Mentha-l,4(8)-diene 

p-Menth-1-ene 

o-Mercaptobenzoic acid (Thiosalicylic acid) 

*Metanilic acid (m-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid) 

5- (2 ' -Methoxybenzenesulfonamido) -2-benzoxazolinone 

4-Methoxyiiietanilic acid 

6-Methoxymetanilic acid 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



VAL. 

RH. 

ACY, 

ACY. 

GAF, 

ACS, 

ACY, 

ACY, 

EK. 

ACS. 

EK. 

SOW. 

RSA. 

PLC, 

UPJ. 
MOB. 
OTC. 
CIVN, 
DUP. 
ACS, 
OTC. 
MOB. 
MOB. 
KAI, 
DUP, 
DUP, 
ACS, 
DUP, 
RIL. 
RIL. 
PRD. 
ACC. 
FMP. 
MTR. 
BJL. 
DUP. 
DOW. 

MCH. 

ARK. 

DOW, 

APD. 

APD. 

TNA. 

PRD. 

FMP. 

DUP, 

ACY, 

AAP, 

ACP, 

RIL. 

UCC. 

KF, 1 

KF. 

ACN, 

ARZ, 

GIV. 

GIV. 

AMB, 

ACY, 

SDC. 

GAF, 

GAF. 



DUP, GAF, ICI, TRC. 

ICI, TRC. 

CMG, DUP, TRC. 

DUP, ICI, TRC. 

DUP, GAF, ICI, MAY, TRC. 



UPJ. 

DUP, MOB, UPJ. 



MOB, UPJ. 

MOB, UCC. 

MOB. 

DUP, MOB,. OMC, RUG, UCC, WYN. 

EK, MOB, UPJ. 



GE, MON, SHC, UCC. 



DUP, GAF, TRC. 

ACS, ACY, EKT, HSH, ICC, TRC. 

KPT, RIL. 



ACY, ASH, PPC. 
GIV, HN, NCI. 



LIL, WAY. 
DUP, TRC. 



44 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. 



-Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



4'-Methoxy-2- (p-methoxyphenyl)acetophenone 

N- (2-Methox>'-l-naphthyl)acetainide 

6-Methoxy-8-nitroquinoline 

(p-Methoxyphenyl) acetic acid 

5-[N- (2 '-Methoxy) phenyl] -2-aminophenol 

4-Methoxy-m-phenylenediainine sulfate 

6-Methoxy-2- (phenylthio)quinoline 

4 ' -Methoxypropiophenone 

1- (Methylaniino)anthraquinone 

1- (Methylaniino)-4-p-toluidinoanthraquinone 

N-Me thy 1 aniline 

3- [N-Methylanilino)propionitrile 

5-Methyl-o-anisidine [NH2=1] 

m-Methylanisole 

N-Methylanthranilic acid 

2-Methvlanthraquinone 

L-'t'.^cu/lDenzo[f Jquinoline 

2-Methylbenzothiazole 

N-Methylbenzylamine 

Methylbenzyl ether 

5- (l-Methylbutyl)barbituric acid 

3-Methy 1 cholanthrene 

Methyl eye lohexane 

4-Methylcyclohexanone 

Methylcyclopentadiene 

N-Methyldicyclohexylamine 

4-Methyl-a,a-diphenyl-l-piperazine ethanol, dihydro- 

chloride. 

N-Methyleneaniline ' 

4,4'-Methylenebis[2-chloroaniline] 

4,4'-Methylenebis[N,N-diethylaniline] 

.4,4'-Methylenebis[N,N-dimethylaniline] (Methane base) 

4,4'-Methylenebis(3-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid) , disodium 

salt. 

2,2'-Methylenebis (6-nonyl-p-cresol) 

4,4'-Methylenedianiline 

5,5'-Methylenedisalicylic acid 

Methylhydroquinone 

2-Methyl indole 

2-Methylindole-3-carboxaldehyde 

6-Methyl-2- (2-methyl-6-quinolyl) -7-benzothiazolesulfonic 

acid. 

N-Methyl-4'-nitroacetanilide 

N-Methyl-p-nitroaniline 

5-Methyl-4-nitro-o-anisidine 

4-Methyl-2-nitroanisole 

2-Methyl-l- n i t roanthr aquinone 

2-Methyl -S-nitroimidazole 

N-Methyl-N-nitroso-p-toluenesulfonamide 

2-Methyl-S-norbornene-2 ,3-dicarboxylic anhydride 

Methylnorbornene-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride, isomers 

m- (3-Methy 1-5-0X0- 2 -pyrazol in- l-yl)benzenesulfonamide 

p- (3-Methy 1-5-0X0- 2 -pyrazol in- l-yl)benzenesulfonamide 

*p- (3-Methy 1-S-oxo- 2 -pyrazol in- l-yl)benzenesulfonic 

acid. 
3- (3-Methy l-S-oxo-2-pyrazol in- l-yl)-l,5-naph thalene- 

disulfonic acid, 
4- (3-Methy l-S-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)-in-toluenesulfonic 

acid [SOaH^l] . 

2-Methyl -5-phenylbenzoxazole 

1-Methyl-l-phenylhydrazine 

l-Methyl-2-phenyl indole- 3- carboxaldehyde 

l-Methyl-4-phenylisonipecotic acid 

5-Methyl-3-phenyl-4-isoxazolecarboxylic acid 



CTN. 

TRC. 

SDW. 

UOP. 

SDC. 

WAY. 

EK. 

LIL. 

MP, ACS, ACY, ICI. 

GAP, ICI. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

SDC. 

GIV. 

GIV, ICC. 

ACS, ACY. 

ACY. 

FMT. 

MLS, SDW. 

UCC. 

LIL. 

EK. 

PLC. 

EK. 

ENJ. 

ABB. 

ABB. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

ACY, GAP, SDH, TRC. 

ACY, DUP, SDH. 

PD. 

ACY. 

ACS, DOW, DUP, MOB. 

HN. 

EKT. 

TRC. 

GAP. 

DUP. 

ACS, GAP. 



PCW. 










SDC. 










GAP, 


ICI. 








RDA. 










ALD, 


EK. 








VEL. 










ACS. 










CMG, 


TRC, 


VPC. 






CMG. 










AAP, 


ACY, 


GAP, 


TRC, 


VPC 



CMG, VPC. 

EK. 

EK. 

GAP. 

SDW. 

ARS. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



45 



TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



5-Methyl-3-phenyl-4-isoxazolecarboxylic acid hydro- 
chloride. 

*3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one (Developer Z) 

Methyl phenyl sulfide (Thioanisole) 

4-Methyl-l-piperazineacetic acid, methyl ester 

l-Methyl-4-piperidinol 

3- (a-Methylpiperidine)propanol 

Methylpvrazine 

1-Methylpyrrole 

8-Methylquinoline 

*a-Methylstyrene 

ar-Methylstyrene (Vinyl toluene) 

2- (Methyl sulfonyl}-4-nitroani line 

4- (Methylthio)-m-cresol 

3-Methylthiophene 

p-(Methylthio) phenol 

3-Methyl-l- (thiosulfophenyl) -2-pyrazolin-5-one, sodium 

salt. 
3-Methyl-6-p-toluidino-7H-dibenz[f ,ij] isoquinoline- 
2,7(3H)-dione. 

1-Naphthaldehyde 

♦Naphthalene, solidifying at 79° C. or above (refined 
flake) (from domestic crude). 

1,5-Naphthalenediol (1,5-Dihydroxynaphthalene) 

2,7-Naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

1-Naphthalenesulfonic acid 

1-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt -■ 

2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid 

2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

l-Naphthalenesul£onyl chloride 

2-Naphthalenesuironyl chloride 

1,4,5,8-Naphthalenetetracarboxylic acid 

Naphthalimide 

1-Naphthol (a-Naphthol) 

2-Naphthol, tech. i.B-iiaphthol) 

p-Naphtholbenzein 

1,2-Naphthoquinone 

Naphthostyril 

Naphth[l,2-d] [1 ,2,3]oxadiazole-5-sul£onic acid 

1-Naphthylamine (a-Naphthylamine) 

1-Naphthylamine hydrochloride 

p- (2-Naphthylamino)phenol (N- (p-Hydrophenyl)-2- 
naphthylamine) . 

N- (l-Naphthyl)ethylenediamine dihydrochloride 

(2-Naphthyloxy) acetic acid 

(2-Naphthyloxy) acetic acid, sodium salt 

Nicotinonitrile (3-Cyanopyridine) 

Nitroaceanthra[2,l-a]aceanthrylene-5,13-dione 

*3'-Nitroacetanilidei 

*4'-Nitroacetanilide 

2'-Nitro-p-acetanisidide 

4'-Nitro-o-acetanisidide 

3'-Nitro-p-acetophenetidide 

3'-Nitroacetophenone 

m-Nitroaniline 

o-Nitroanlline 

p-Nitroaniline 

2- (o-Nitroanilino)ethanol 

2-Nitro-p-anisidine [NHz^l] 

4-Nitro-o-anisidine [NH2=1] 

5-Nitro-o-anisidine [NHz^l] 

See footnotes at end of table. 



ACY, 


DUP, 


GAP, SDH, VPC. 


PIT. 

ABB. 






ARA. 
LIL. 






DUP. 






DUP. 






EK. 






ACP, 


CLK, 


DOW, HPC, PCC, SKO 


DOW. 






TRC. 






CRZ. 






SDW. 






CRZ. 






SDC. 






GAP, 


ICI. 




ELK. 






KPT, 


RIL, 


WTC. 


ACS. 






ACS, 


DUP, 


TRC. 


TRC. 






TRC. 






ACY, 


EK, 


NES. 


ACY. 






EK. 






DUP. 






TRC. 






ACS. 






UCC. 






ACY, 


DUP. 




EK. 






EK. 






ACS. 






ACS, 


GAP, 


TRC. 


ACS, 


DUP. 




GAP. 






SDC. 






RSA. 






APD. 






APD. 






NEP, 


RIL. 




ICI. 






AAP, 


GAP, 


TRC. 


GAP, 


SAL, 


TRC. 


DUP. 






DUP. 






AAP 






CTN, 


SDH 




ACY, 


X. 




AAP 


MON 




AAP 


HON 


SAL. 


AAP 






DUP. 






DUP, 


SDH 




BUC. 







462-669 O - 72 



46 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



o-Nitroanisole 

p-Nitroanisole 

5-Nitroanthranilic acid 

1-Nitroanthraquinone 

2- (4-Nitro-2-anthraquinonyl)anthra[2,3-d] -oxazole-5,10- 
dione. 

m-Nitrobenzaldehyde 

3' -Nitrobenzanilide 

*Nitrobenzene 

*ni-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

*m-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

p-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

5-Nitro-2-benziinidazolinone 

m-Nitrobenzoic acid 

m-Nitrobenzoic acid, sodium salt 

p-Nitr ©benzoic acid 

2- (m-Nitrobenzoyl)-o-acetanisidide 

m-Nitrobenzoyl chloride 

p-Nitrobenzoyl chloride 

p-Nitrobenzyl alcohol 

4- (p-Nitrobenzyl) pyridine 

4 ' -Nitro-4-biphenylcarboxylic acid 

4-Nitro-sec-butylbenzene 

2-Nitro-p-cresol 

2-Nitro-p-cymene 

Nitrodiphenylamine 

5-Nitro-2-furanmethanediol, diacetate 

5-Nitroisophthalic acid 

1-Nitronaphthalene 

3-Nitro-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

4-Nitronaphthalic anhydride 

7(and 8)-Nitronaphth[l,2-d] [l,2,3]oxadiazole-s-sulfonic 
acid. 

4-Nitrooxanilic acid 

p-Nitrophenethyl alcohol 

o-Nitrophenol 

*p-Nitrophenol 

*p-Nitrophenol, sodium salt 

*4' (p-Nitrophenyl)acetophenone 

4-[ (p-Nitrophenyl)azo]-o-anisidine 

2-Nitro-p-phenylenediamine 

4-Nitro-o-phenylenedi amine 

(p-Nitrophenyl) hydrazine 

2,2'- [ (m-Nitrophenyl)imino]diethanol 

2,2'- [ (m-Nitrophenyl)imino]diethanol, diacetate ester — 
2- (p-NitrophenylJ-1-octadecyl-S-benzimidazolesulfonic 
acid. 

1- (m-Nitrophenyl)-5-oxo-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid 

3-Nitrophthalic acid 

3-Nitrophthalic anhydride 

5-Nitrosalicylaldehyde 

3(and S)-Nitrosalicyclic acid 

l-Nitroso-2-naphthol 

p-Nitrosophenol 

4-Nitrostilbene 

m-Nitrotoluene 

o-Nitrotoluene 

p-Nitrotoluene 

Nitrotoluene mixtures 

p-Nitrotoluenesulfonic acid 



DUP, 


MON. 












DUP. 














TRC. 














ACY. 














ACS, 


GAP. 












SDH. 














AAP. 














ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


FST, 


MOB, 


MON, 


RUC 


ACY, 


DUP. 












ACS, 


GAP, 


MON, 


MRA. 








EK. 














DUP. 














SAL, 


SDH, 


WAY. 










SAL, 


WAY. 












DUP. 














GAP. 














ARS, 


HK. 













DUP, 


TRC. 




WAY. 






SW. 






EK. 






ACY, 


MON. 




NOR. 






PIS. 






DUP. 






GAP, 


TRC. 




ACS. 






ACS, 


GAP, 


TRC. 


DUP. 






PCW. 






MON. 






DUP, 


MON, 


SDC, UPM 


MON, 


UPM. 




DUP, 


PIS, 


GAP. 


AAP. 






WAY. 






DUP, 


PMT. 




EK, 


RSA. 




DUP. 






DUP. 






GAP. 






DUP, 


VPC. 




EK. 






EK. 






EK. 






GAP. 






EK. 
ACY, 


SDC. 




GAP. 






DUP, 


PST. 




DUP, 


FST. 




DUP, 


FST. 




DUP, 


FST. 




CGY. 







CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



47 



TABLE 2. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



3-Nitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

*5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

3-Nitro-p-toluic acid, methyl ester 

2-Nitro-p-toluidine [NH2=1] 

*5-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH2=1] 

5-Nitro-2-p-toluidinobenzenesulfonic acid 

16-Nitroviolanthrone 

4-Nitro-in-xylene 

*Nonylphenol 

5-Norbornene-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride 

Octylphenol 

p-Octylphenyl acid phosphate 

Oxalacetic acid, diethyl ester, (p-sulfophenyl)- 
hydrazone. 

Oxanilide 

*l-[7-Oxo-7H-benz[de]anthracene-3-yl)]anthraquinone 

1 J 1 ' - [ C7-0xo-7H-benz [de] anthracen-3,9-xyleneldiiinino] - 

dianthraquinone . 
5-0x0-1- Cp-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid 
(Pyrazolone T) . 

4,4'-Oxydianiline 

Penicillin, N-ethylpiperidine salt 

Pentachloropyridine 

o,a,a,oi' ,01' -Pentachloro-o-xylene 

l,l,3,3,S-Pentamethylindan 

o-Pentylphenol (o-Amylphenol) 

p-tert-Pentylphenol 

3,4,9,10-Perylenetetracarboxylic acid 

3,4,9,10-Perylenetetracarboxylic-3,4:9,10-di(3-aniino- 
phenylimide) . 

3., 4,9,10-Perylenetetracarboxylic-3,4:9,10-diiinide 

Phenethylamine 

a-Phenethylamine 

Phenethylamine sulfate 

o-Phenethylbenzoic acid 

m-Phenetidine 

o-Phenetidine 

p-Phenetidine 

*Phenol: 
*Natural : 

*Froin coal tar: 

39° C, m.p 

82%-84% 

U.S.P-- 

All other 

*From petroleum 

* Synthetic: 

By caustic fusion: U.S.P 

From chlorobenzene by liquid-phase hydrolysis: U.SiP- 
From chlorobenzene by vapor-phase hydrolysis: U.b.P-- 

*From cumene by oxidation: U.S.P 

Phenolsulfonaphthalein 

Phenolsulfonaphthalein, sodium salt 

Phenolsulfonic acid, lithium salt 

Phenoxyacetic acid, sodium salt 

2-Phenoxypropanol 

2-Phenoxypropionic acid 

2-Phenoxypropionyl chloride 



CMG, 


TCD. 








ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, SDH, 


TRC 


SDH. 










ABB, 


DUP, 


SW. 






BUG, 


DUP, 


PGW, 


SDH. 




TRC. 










GAF, 


ICl, 


MAY. 






DUP. 










GAF, 


JGC, 


MON, 


RH, STP. 




VEL. 










RH. 










SM. 










TRC. 











ACY, DUP, GAF, ICI, MAY, TRC. 
ACY, ICI, MAY, TRC. 



MRK. 
DOW. 



GIV. 
PAS. 

PAS, PRD. 
ACS, GAF. 
SDC. 

ACS, SDC. 

MLS. 

MLS. 

MLS. 

LIL. 

EK. 

MON. 

MON. 



KPT. 


PRD. 






ACP, 


KPT. 






MAL. 








ACP, 


KPT. 






MER, 


NPC, 


PIT, 


PRD 


MON, 


RCI. 






DOW. 








HKD, 


UCC. 






ACP, 


CLK, 


HPC, 


MON 



ARA, BPC. 



ARS. 
ARS. 
ARS, 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Phenylacetic acid (a-Toluic acid) 

Phenylacetic acid, ethyl ester, tech 

Phenylacetic acid, methyl ester 

Phenylacetic acid, potassium salt 

Phenylacetic acid, sodium salt 

*Phenylacetonitrile (a-Tolunitrile) 

4'-Phenylacetophenone 

Phenylacetyl chloride 

N-Phenylanthranilic acid 

2-Phenylanthra[2,3-d]oxazole-5, 10-dione 

Phenolarsine oxide 

*p-Phenylazoaniline (C.l. Solvent Yellow 1) and hydro- 
chloride. 

4- (Phenylazo)diphenylamine 

4- (Phenylazo)-l-naphthylamine 

5- (Phenylazo)salicylic acid 

l-Phenyl-l,3-butanedione 

a- Phenyl -o-cresol 

1-Phenylcyclopentanecarboxylic acid 

N,N'-p-Phenylenebis[acetamide] 

m-Phenylenediamine 

o-Phenylenedi amine 

p-Phenylenedi amine 

d- Phenylephrine base 

dl-Phenylephrine base 

2-Phenylethenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Phenyl ether (Diphenyl oxide) 

d(-)Phenylglycine 

d- (-)Phenylglycine, N-carboxy anhydride 

Phenylglycine, sodium salt 

d(-)Phenylglycl hydrochloride 

5-Phenylhydantoin 

Phenylhydrazine hydrochloride 

2,2 ' - [ (Phenyl )imino]diethanol (N-Phenyldiethanolamine) - 

3,3 ' - [ (Phenyl)imino]dipropionitrile 

Phenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester 

o-Phenylphenol 

o-Phenylphenol , chlorinated 

o-Phenylphenol, sodium salt 

p-Phenylphenol 

N-Phenyl-1-p-phenylenediamine 

Phenylphosphinic acid 

Phenylphosphonothioic dichloride 

Phenylphosphorous dichloride 

1-Phenylpiperazine 

1-Phenyl-l ,2-propanedione, 2-oxime 

Phenyl- 2-propanone 

N-3-Phenylpropyl-p-toluidine 

dl-Phenylsuccinic acid 

Phenyl sulfide 

Phenyl sulfone 

1 -Phenyl -2- thiourea 

Phenylundecanoic acid 

Phloroglucinol 

l(2H)-Phthalazinone 

Phthalic acid 

Phthalic acid, diallyl ester 

Phthalic acid, monopotassium salt 

* Phthalic anhydride 

Phthalide 

Phthalimide 

Phthalimide, potassium salt 



BPC, GIV, MAL. 

BPC. 

BPC. 

BPC, OPC. 

BPC, OPC. 

BPC, OPC, SDW, UOP. 

DUP, GAP, NES. 

BJL. 

SDW. 

GAP. 

EK. 

ACS, ACY, GAP, TRC. 



EK. 




DUP. 




TRC. 




EK. 




RBC. 




SK. 




ACY. 




ACY, 


DUP. 


DUP, 


SW, TRC. 


ACY, 


SDC. 


SDW. 




SDW. 




SHL. 




DOW. 




BKL, 


KF, OTC. 


OTC. 




ACS. 




KF, 


OTC. 


ABB. 




EK. 




EKT. 




DUP. 




BPC. 




DOW, 


RCI. 


DOW. 




DOW. 




DOW. 




USR. 




SPA. 




SFI. 




SFI. 




RSA. 




NEP, 


ORT. 


ORT, 


SK. 



EK. 




















MRT. 




















x. 




















EK, 


SW. 


















FMP. 




















EK. 




















AGP, 


GRH, 


KPS, 


KPT, 


MON, 


PCC, 


PTO, 


RCI, 


SOC, 


STP 


SW 


, UCC 


















ACS, 


FMT. 


















DUP 


SW. 


















EK, 


SDW. 



















CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



49 



TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



[PhthalocyaninatoC2-)] copper 

Phthalocyanine, copper complex, di-Cand tri)-chloro 
methyl . 

Phthaloyl chloride CPhthalyl chloride) 

*Picolines:^ 

*2-PicoUne (a-Picoline) 

3-Picoline C3-Picoline) 

4-Picoline Cy-Picoline) 

Picoline C3,4-iiiixture) 

Picolinic acid 

Picolinonitrile C2-Cyanopyridine) 

3-Picolylamine 

Picric acid (Trinitrophenol) 

2-Pipecoline 

2,5-Piperazinedione 

Piper idine 

3-Piper idinopropiophenone hydrochloride 

Polychlorobiphenyl 

PolyCmethylenephenylene) polyamine 

Primuline base 

Priraulinesulfonic acid 

Propiophenone 

2-Propy 1-4- amino- 5-methoxymethylpyrimidine amino 

n-Propylbenzene sulfonate 

8,16-Pyranthrenedione 

Pyridine, refined:^ 

2° Pyridine 

Other grades 

Pyridine hydrochloride 

3-Pyridinemethanol 

Pyridine-N-oxide 

2-Pyrimidinol 

2 CIH) -pyrimidinone 

2-Pyrrolidinone 

3-(l-Pyrrolidinyl)propiophenone hydrochloride 

Quinaldine 

Quinoline: 

1° and 2° Quinoline 

Other grades 

2,4-Quinolinediol 

Quinophthalone (Quinoline yellow, base) 

3-Quiniclidinol 

Resorcinol, monoacetate (non-medicinal grade) 

Resorcinol, tech 

6-Resorcylaldehyde 

g-Resorcylic acid 

*Salicylaldehyde 

Salicylaldehyde oxime 

Salicylanilide 

*Salicylic acid, tech 

Salicylic acid, ammonium chromium complex 

Salicylic acid, sodium-chromium complex 

Salicylic acid, sodium salt (crude) 

Salicylideneaminoguanidine oleate 

*Styrene, all grades 

Sulfaguanidine, tech 

S-Sulfamoylanthranilic acid 

Sulfanilamide, tech 

Sulfanilic acid (p-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid) and salt- 

S-Sulfoanthranilic acid 

o-Sulfobenzoic acid, cyclic anhydride 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



GAF, ICI, TRC. 




TRC. 




DUP, MON. 




ACP, KPT, NEP, RIL, UCC . 




NEP, RIL. 




NEP, RIL, UCC. 




ACP, KPT. 




NEP. 




NEP, RIL. 




RIL. 




SDC. 




LIL. 




EK. 




ABB, DUP, MRK, RIL. 




ACY, SDW. 




MON. 




KAI. 




DUP. 




ATL. 




ORT, UOP. 




MRK. 




NES. 




ICI, TRC. 




ACP, KPT, NEP, RIL. 




KPT. 




EK. 




RIL. 




RIL. 




CGY. 




VAL. 




GAF. 




LIL. 




ACS, ACY. 




ACP, KPT. 




EK, KPT. 




PCW. 




ACS. 




APD. 




AAP. 




KPT, UPF. 




UPF. 




ACY, KPT. 




DOW, HN, MTR, RDA. 




EK. 




CFC. 




CFC, DOW, HN, MON, SDH. 




TRC. 




TRC. 




DOW. 




DUP. 




ACC, CSD, DOW, ELP, ENJ, FG, 


KPP, MCB, MON, SHC 


SKC, SNT, UCC. 




SAL. 




TRC. 




SAL. 




ACS, ACY, CTN. 




ICI. 




EK. 





See footnotes at end of table 



SYNTHETIC ORGAmC CHENHCALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



la-Sulfobenzoic acid, monosodium salt 

p-Sulfobenzoic acid, potassium salt 

5-Sulfoisophthalic acid, 1 , 3-dimethyl ester, sodium 
salt. 

5-Sulfoisophthalic acid, sodium salt 

Sulfor.ylbis[N-methylaniline] 

4,4'-Sulfonyldianiline 

N-S'-Sulfonyldianthranilic acid 

4,4' -Sulfonyldiphenol (4,4' -Dihydroxydiphenylsulf one) - 

Sulfonyldiphenol, mixed isomers 

4-Sulfophthalic acid 

"Terephthalic acid 

*Terephthalic acid, dimethyl ester 

Terephthalic acid, diphenyl ester 

Terephthaloyldiacetic acid, diethyl ester 

Terphenyl (Phenylbiphenyl) 

Tetraaminobenzophenone 

Tetraaminodiphenyl ether 

1,2,4,5-Tetraaminobenzene tetrahydrochloride 

[4,4' ,4' ' ,4' ' '-Tetraaminophthalocyaninato (2)] copper — 
3' ,3' ' ,5' ,5' '-Tetrabromophenolphthalein, ethyl ester — 

Tetrabromophthalic anhydride 

Tetrabromo-8 , 16-p)Tanthrenedione 

1,4,3,8-Tetrachloroanthraquinone 

1,2,4,5-Tetrachlorobenzene 

l,2,4,5-Tetrachloro-3-nitrobenzene 

Tetrachlorophthalic anhydride 

Tetrachloroviolanthrone 

Tetrahydrofuran 

Tetrahydrofurfury 1 methacry late 

1,4,5,8-Tetrahydroxyanthraquinone 

*l,4,5,8-Tetrahydroxyanthraquinone, leuco derivative 

1,4,5, 8-Tetrakis (1 -anthraquinony lamino) anthraquinone 
(Pentanthrimide) . 

l,2,3,S-Tetramethylbenzene (Isodurene) 

1,2,4,5-Tetramethylbenzene (Durene) 

p- (l,l,3,3-Tetramethylbutyl)phenol 

3,3' ,5,S'-Tetramethyldiphenoquinone 

X , N, N ' , X ' -Tetramethyl -p-pheny 1 enediamine dihydro- 
chloride. 

[4,4'4' ',4'' '-Tetranitrophthalocyaninato (2)] copper 

2-(2-ThenylaminoJp>Tidine 

Thiobenzamide 

*3,3'-Thiobis[7H-benz[de]anthracen-7-one] 

l,l'-Thiobis[2-naphthol] 

2,2'-Thiobis[5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid] 

4,4 '-Thiodiani line 

6,6-Thiodiiiietanilic acid 

2-Thiopheneacetyl chloride 

2-Thiophenecarboxaldehyde 

sym-Thymol 

*Toluene-2,4-diamiTie (4-m-Tolylenediamine) 

To luene-2, 5 -diamine sulfate 

Toiuene-2,4-disulfonic acid 

o-Toluenesulfonamide 

p-Toluenesulfonamide 

o(and p}-Toluenesulfonic acid 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, methyl ester 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, monohydrate 



NES. 
PCW. 

PCW. 
SDC. 
RSA. 
TRC. 

MON, 

UPF. 

CIVX, 

ACC, 

ACC, 

BJL. 

PCW. 

MON. 

BJL. 

BJL. 

BJL. 

SDC. 

EK. 

MCH. 

ACS, 

DUP, 

DOW, 

SDH. 

MON. 

C^F. 

DUP, 

S.AR. 

ICC. 

ACS, 

GAP. 



HSC. 

DUP, EKT, SM. 

DUP, EKT, HPC. 



GAP. 
GAP. 
HK. 



QKO. 

GAP, ICC, TCD, TRC. 



SNT. 
SNT. 

GAF, SCN. 
DUP. 
EK. 

SDC. 



DUP, 

ACY. 

GAP. 

ACY. 

ACS, 

LIL. 

ABB. 

GIV, 

ACS, 

WAY. 

GAP. 

MON. 

MON. 

EK, 

TEN 

ICI 

NES 



GAP, MAY, TRC. 



ACY, DUP, GAP, OMC, RUC, TRC, UCC. 



MON, SW, UPF, 
, UPF. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



51 



TABLE 2. --Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970— Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



p-Toluenesulfonyl chloride 

a-Toluenesulfonyl fluoride 

m-Toluic acid 

o-Toluic acid 

p-Toluic acid 

m-Toluidine 

o-Toluidine 

o-Toluidine hydrochloride 

p-Toluidine 

p-Toluidine hydrochloride 

Toluidines, mixed 

m-Toluidinomethanesulfonic acid 

o-Toluidinomethanesulfonic acid 

8-p-Toluidino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

*o- (p-Toluoyl)benzoic acid 

N-(p-Tolylazo)sar cosine 

*4-Co-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine (C.I. Solvent Yellow 3) — 

4- (o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine hydrochloride 

1-p-Tolyldodecane 

2,2 '-(m-Toly limine) diethanol 

2,2'- (m-Tolylimino)diethanol, diacetate ester 

p-Tolylmercuric chloride 

Tolyltriazole 

3,4' ,5-Tribromosalicylanilide 

1,2, 3 (and l,2,4)-Trichlorobenzene 

*l,2,4-Trichlorobenzene 

N,2,6-Trichloro-p-benzoquinoneimine 

1,2,4-Trichloro-S-nitrobenzene 

Trichlorophenylsilane 

a,a,a-Trichlorotoluene (Benzotrichloride) 

a,2,4-Trichlorotoluene 

a,3,4-Trichlorotoluene 

2,4,6-Trichloro-s-triazine (Cyanuric chloride) 

1,3,5-Triethylbenzene 

2-(Trifluoroinethyl)phenothiazine 

a,a,a-Trif luoTo-N-phenyl-m-toluidine (3- (Trif luoro- 
methyl)diphenylaiiiine) . 

a,a,a-Trifluorotoluene 

a,a,a-Trifluoro-m-toluidine 

a,a,a-Trifluoro-o-toluidine 

1,2,4-TrihydToxyanthTaquinone 

Trihydroxybiphenyl 

1,2,3-Trimethylbenzene (Hemimellitine) 

1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene (Pseudocumene) 

1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene fMesitylene) 

3,5,5-Trimethylcyclohexanol 

2,3,3-Tri]iiethyl-3H-indole--^ 

*l,3,3-Trimethyl-V^,ci-indolineacetaldehyde 

*l,3,3-Trimethyl-2-methyleneindoline (Trimethyl base)- 

Trinethylphenylammonium iodide 

a, a' ,2-Trimethyl-l,4-piperazinediethanol 

2,4,6-Trimethylpyridine 

1,3,5-Trinitrobenzene 

2,4,6-Trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

2,4,7-Trinitrofluoren-9-one 

2,4,6-Trinitroresorcinol, lead derivative 

Triphenyl amine 

Triphenylmethane 

Triphenylmethanol 

a,a' ,a' ' -Tris (dimethylaminojmesitbl 

Tris (2-methyl-l-aziridinyl)phosphine oxide 

Tri-o-tolylphosphine 

Tri-p-tolylphosphine 



EK. 






BPC, 


CWL. 




BPC, 


CWL. 




BPC, 


CWL, 


EK. 


DUP. 






DUP, 


FST. 




AAP, 


ACY. 




DUP. 






EK. 






DUP. 






VPC. 






GAP, 


TRC, 


VPC. 


ACS. 






ACS, 


.ACY, 


DUP. 


BUC, 


GAP. 




ACY, 


ALL, 


DUP, GAP 


aAF. 






X. 






EKT. 






SDC. 






EK. 






SW. 






PCW, 


SW. 




DVC, 


PPG. 




DOW 


HK, 


SVT. 


EK. 






PCW. 






DCC 


UCC. 




HK, 


VEL. 




HN. 






HN. 






ACY 


CGY 


NIL. 


DUP 







GAP. 










PCW. 










S^JT. 










PLC, 


SNT. 








SNT. 










ARS. 










GAP, 


TRC. 








ACS, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC, 


VPC. 


ACS, 


DUP, 


GAP, 


TRC, 


VPC. 


EK. 










WYN. 










KPT, 


RIL. 








EK. 










EK. 










EK. 










EK. 










EK. 










EK. 










EK. 










RH, 


TKL. 








ARS, 


ICC. 









SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Tropine 

m-Ureidoaniline 

*7)7'-Ureylenebis[4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid] 
(J Acid Urea). 

Veratraldehyde (3,4-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde3 

Veratryl alcohol (3,4-Dimethoxybenzyl alcohol) 

p-Vinylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2-Vinylcyclohexene 

5-Vinyl-2-picoline (MVP) 

2-Vinylpyridine 

4-Vinylpyridine 

Vinyl toluene 

*Violanthrone (Dibenzanthrone) 

Xanthene-9-carboxylic acid 

*ni-Xylene 

*o-Xylene 

*p-Xylene 

2,5-Xylenesulfonic acid 

Xylenesulfonic acid, mixed isomers 

Xylenol crystals 

2,6-Xylenol 

Xylenols : 

Medium b.p 

Not classified as to b.p 

Xylidines : 

2,4-Xylidine (m-4-Xylidine) 

2,6-Xylidine 

Original mixture 

4- (2,4-Xylylazo}-o-toluidine 

4- (2,5-Xylylazo)-o-toluidine 

4-C2,4-Xylylazo)-2,5-xylidine 

4- (Xylylazo)xylidines, mixed 

All other cyclic intermediates 



CTN. 
ICI. 
CMG, GAF, TCD, TRC, VPC. 

GIV, LIL, SLV. 

LIL. 

DUP. 

UCC. 

PLC. 

RIL. 

RIL. 

FG. 

ACS, ACY, ATL, DUP, GAF, ICl, MAY, SDC, TRC. 

MAL. 

ATR, SNT, SOC. 

ASH, ATR, CCP, CPI, CSD, CSO, CSP, DLH, ENJ, MON, 

PPR, SNT. SOC, SUN, TOC. 
ACC, ATR, CSD, CSC, ENJ, HCR, PPR, SHC, SHO, SNT, 

SOC, SOC, TOC. 
EK, NES. 
NES. 
ACP. 
GE. 

NPC. 
KPT. 

DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
ACS. 
ACY. 
ACS. 
GAF. 
AAP, ACY, ALL, ARA, CUC, CWN, DUP, EK, GAF, HMY, HN, 

ICC, JCC, LIL, MON, MRK, OPC, PCW, PRD, RH, SCH, 

SIV, UCC, VEL, IVTC, x, x, x. 



Producers of medicinal grade are listed in "^^edicinal chemicals." 

Does not include manufacturers' identification codes for producers that report to the Division of Fossil Fuels, 
U.S. Bureau of Mines. These producers are listed in the U.S. Bureau of Mines Mineral Industry Survey Coke Producers 
in the United States in 1970, July 30, 1971. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



53 



TABLE 3. --Cyclic intermediates; Directory of manufacturers, 1970 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 



[Names of manufacturers that reported production or sales of cyclic intermediates to the U.S. Tariff Commission for 
1970 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



Code 




Code 






identi- 


Name of company 


identi- 


Name of company 




fication 




fication 






AAP 


American Aniline Products, Inc. 


FG 


Foster Grant Co., Inc. 




ABB 


Abbott Laboratories 


FIN 


Fine Organics. Inc. 




ACC 


Amoco Chemical Corp. 


FIS 


Fisher Chemical Co., Inc. 






Allied Chemical Corp.: 


FLM 


Fleming Laboratories, Inc. 




AC? 


Plastics Div. 


FMP 


FMC Corp., Organic Chemicals Div. 




ACS 


Specialty Chemicals Div. 


FMT 


Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc. 




ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. 


FST 


First Chemical Corp. 




ALD 


Aldrich Chemical Co., Inc. 








ALL 


Alliance Chemical, Inc. 


GAF 


GAF Corp., Chemical Div. 




ALT 


Crompton § Knowles Corp., Althouse Div. 


GE 


General Electric Co. 




AMB 


American Bio-Synthetics Corp. 


GIV 


Givaudan Corp. 




APD 


Atlas Chemical Industries, Inc. 


GLY 


Glyco Chemicals, Inc. 




ARA 


Arapahoe Chemical Div. of Syntax Corp. 


GOC 


Gulf Oil Corp., Gulf Oil Co. Chemical Co 


- 


ARK 


Armstrong Cork Co. 




United States 




ARS 


Arsynco, Inc. 


GRH 


W. R. Grace 5 Co.. Hatco Chemical Div. 




ARZ 


Arizona Chemical Co. 


GRS 


Champlin Petroleum Co. Corpus Christi Refinery 


ASH 


Ashland Oil, Inc. 


GYR 


Goodyear Tire § Rubber Co. 




ASL 


Ansul Chemical Co. 








ATL 


Atlantic Chemical Corp. 


HCR 


Hercor Chemical Corp. 




ATR 


Atlantic Richfield Co., Arco Chemical Co. 


HEX 


Hexagon Laboratories, Inc. 






Div. 


HK 
HKD 


Hooker Chemical Corp.: 
Durez Div. 




BJL 


Burdick 5 Jackson Laboratories, Inc. 


HMY 


Humphrey Chemical Co. 




BKL 


Millmaster Onyx Corp., Millmaster Chemical 


HN 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc. 






Div., Berkeley Chemical Dept. 


HOU 


Air Products § Chemicals, Inc., Houdry 




BPC 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Benzol Products Div. 




Process § Chemical Div. 




BRP 


BP Oil Corp. 


HPC 


Hercules, Inc. 




BUC 


Blackman-Uhler Chemical Co. 


HSC 


Chemetron Corp., Pigments Div. 








HSH 


Harshaw Chemical Co. Div. of Kewanee Oil 


Co. 


CCP 


Crown Central Petroleum Corp. 


HST 


American Hoechst Corp. 




CCW 


Cincinnati Milacron Chemicals, Inc. 








CEL 


Celanese Corp. 


ICC 


Inmont Corp. 




CFC 


Sun Chemical Corp. 


ICI 


ICI America, Inc. 




CGY 


Ciba-Geigy Corp. 


IDC 


Industrial Dyestuff Co. 




CHO 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Calhio Chemicals, 










Inc. Div. 


JCC 


Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc. 




CLK 


Clark Oil § Refining Corp., Clark Chemical Co. 








CMC 


Nyanza, Inc. 


KAI 


Kaiser Aluminum § Chemical Corp., Kaiser 




CNP 


Columbia Nipro Corp. 




Chemicals Div. 




CO 


Continental Oil Co. 


KF 


Kay-Fries Chemicals, Inc. 




CPI 


Commonwealth Petrochemicals, Inc. 


KPP 


Sinclair-Koppers Co. 




CRS 


Carus Chemical Co., Inc. 


KPS 


Koppers Pittsburgh Co. 




CRZ 


Crown Zellerbach Corp., Chemical Products Div> 


KPT 


Koppers Co.^ Inc., Organic Materials Div 




CSD 


Cosden Oil § Chemical Co. 








CSC 


Cities Service Oil Co. 


LAK 


Lakeway Chemical Co. 




CSP 


Coastal States Petrochemical Co. 


LIL 


Eli Lilly § Co. § Puerto Rico 




CTN 


Chemetron Corp., Organic Chemical Div. 








cue 


Air Reduction Co., Inc., Chemicals § Plastics 


MAL 


Mallinckrodt Chemical Works 






Div. 


MAY 


Otto B. May, Inc. 




CWL 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Cowles Chemical Div. 


MCB 


Borg-Warner Corp., Marbon Chemical Div. 




CWN 


Upjohn Co., Carwin Organic Chemicals 


MCH 
MER 


Michigan Chemical Corp. 
Merichem Co. 




DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. 


MET 


M S T Chemicals, Inc. 




DBC 


Dow Badische Co. 


MLS 


Miles Laboratories, Inc., Marschall Div. 




DCC 


Dow Corning Corp. 


MOB 


Mobay Chemical Co. 




DLH 


Amerada Hess Corp., Hess Oil § Chemical Div. 


MOC 


Marathon Oil Co., Texas Refining Div. 




DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. 


MON 


Monsanto Co. 




DSC 


Dye Specialties, Inc. 


MRA 


Crown-Metro, Inc. 




DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours § Co., Inc. 


MRK 


Merck 5 Co. , Inc. 




DVC 


Dover Chemical Corp. 


MRT 
MTO 


Morton Chemical Co. 
Montrose Chemical Co. 




EK 


Eastman Kodak Co . : 


MTR 


Chris-Craft Industries, Inc., Montrose 




EKT 


Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 




Chemical Div. 




ELP 


El Paso Products Co. 








ENJ 


En jay Chemical Co. 


NCI 


Union Camp Corp., Chemicals Div. 





SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 3. — Cyclic intermediates: Directory of manufacturers, 1970 — Continued 



Code 




Code 




identi- 


Name of company 


identi- 


Name of company 


fication 




fication 




NEP 


Nepera Chemical Co., Inc. 


SHL 


Nitine, Inc., Div. of Shulton, Inc. 


NES 


Nease Chemical Co., Inc. 


SHO 


Shell Oil Co. 


NEV 


Neville Chemical Co. 


SK 


Smith, Kline 5 French Laboratories 


NIL 


Nilok Chemicals, Inc. 


SKC 


Sinclair-Koppers Chemical Co. 


NOR 


Norwich Pharmacal Co. 


SKO 


Skelly Oil Co. 


NPC 


Northwest Petrochemical Corp. 


SLV 


Sterwin Chemicals, Inc. 






SM 


Mobil Chemical Co. 


OMC 


01 in Corp. 


SM 


Mobil Oil Corp., Mobil Chemical Co. Div., 


OPC 


Orb is Products Corp. 




Industrial Chemical Div. 


ORO 


Chevron Chemical Co. 


SNA 


Sun Chemical Corp., Ansbacher-Siegle Div. 


ORT 


Roehr Chemicals, Inc. 


SNT 


Suntide Refining Co. 


OTA 


Ferro Corp., Ottawa Chemical Div. 


SOC 


Standard Oil Co. of California, Chevron 


OTC 


Ott Chemical Co. 




Chemical Co. 






SOG 


Charter International Oil Co. 


PAS 


Pennwalt Chemicals Corp. 


STP 


Stepan Chemical Co. 


PAT 


Morton International, Inc., Morton 


STY 


Styrochem Corp. 




Chemical Co. Div. 


SUN 


Sun Oil Co. 


PCC 


USS Chemicals, Div. of U.S. Steel Corp. 


SVT 


Solvent Chemical Co., Inc. 


PCR 


Princeton Chemical Research, Inc. 


SW 


Sherwin-Williams Co. 


PCW 


Pfister Chemical, Inc. 


SWC 


Shell § Commonwealth Chemicals, Inc. 


PD 


Parke, Davis S Co. 






PFZ 


Pfizer, Inc. 


TCD 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc., Tenneco Colors 


PIT 


Pitt-Consol Chemical Co. 


TEN 


Cities Service Co., Copperhill Operations 


PLC 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 


TKL 


Thiokol Chemical Corp. 


PPC 


Premier Petrochemical Co. 


TMS 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Thomasset Color Div. 


PPG 


PPG Industries, Inc. 


TNA 


Ethyl Corp. 


PPR 


Phillips Puerto Rico Core, Inc. 


TOC 


Tenneco Oil Co. 


PRD 


Productol Chemical Co., Inc. 


TRC 


Toms River Chemical Corp. 


PTO 


Puerto Rico Chemical Co., Inc. 


TX 


Texaco, Inc. 


PTT 


Petro-Tex Chemical Corp. 










UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 


QKO 


Quaker Oats Co. 


UOC 


Union Oil Co. of California 






UOP 


Universal Oil Products Co., UOP Chemical 


RBC 


Roberts Chemicals, Div. of Security Chemicals, 




Div. 




Inc. 


UPF 


United States Pipe § Foundry Co. 


RCI 


Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 


UPJ 


Upjohn Co. 


RDA 


Rhodia, Inc. 


UPM 


Universal Oil Products Co. 


RH 


Rohm 5 Haas Co. 


USR 


Uniroyal, Inc., Chemical Div. 


RIL 


Reilly Tar § Chemical Corp. 






RPC 


Millmaster Onyx Corp., Refined-Onyx 


VAL 


Valchem 




Div. 


VEL 


Velsicol Chemical Corp. 


RSA 


R.S.A. Corp. 


VGC 


Virginia Chemicals, Inc. 


RUC 


Rubicon Chemicals, Inc. 


VPC 


Verona Corp. 


SAL 


Salsbury Laboratories 


WAY 


Philip A. Hunt Chemical Corp., Wayland 


SAR 


Sartomer Resins, Inc. 




Chemical Div. 


sec 


Standard Chlorine of Delaware, Inc. 


WCC 


Witco Chemical Corp., Witfield Chemical 


SCH 


Schering Corp. 




Div. 


SCN 


Schnectady Chemicals, Inc. 


WHC 


Whittaker Corp., Narmco Research § 


SDC 


Martin-Marietta Corp., Southern Dyestuff 




Development Div. 




Co. Div. 


WIL 


Wilson S Co., Inc., Wilson Laboratories 




Sterling Drug, Inc.: 




Div. 


SDH 


Hilton-Davis Chemical Co. Div. 


WJ 


Warner-Jenkison Manufacturing Co. 


SDW 


Winthrop Laboratories Div. 


mc 


Witco Chemical Co., Inc. 


SEL 


Selney Co. , Inc. 


WYN 


BASF - Wyandotte Corp. 




Stauffer Chemical Co.: 


WYT 


Wyeth Laboratories, Inc., Wyeth Laboratories 


SFA 


Specialty Chemical Div. 




Div. of American Home Products Corp. 


SFI 


Industrial Div. 






SHC 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 


YAW 


Young Aniline Works, Inc. 



Note. --For complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies, refer to table 1 in the Appendix 



DYES 55 



Domestic synthetic dyes are derived in whole or in part from cyclic 
intermediates. Approximately two-thirds of the dyes consumed in the 
United States are used by the textile industry to dye natural and syn- 
thetic fibers or fabrics; about one-sixth is used for coloring paper; 
and the rest is used chiefly in the production of organic pigments 
and in the dyeing of leather and plastics. Of the several thousand 
different synthetic dyes that are known, more than one thousand are 
manufactured by one or more domestic producers. The large number 
of dyes results from the many different types of materials to which 
dyes are applied, the different conditions of service for which dyes 
are required, and the costs that a particular use can bear. Dyes are 
sold as pastes, powders, lumps, and solutions; concentrations vary 
from 6 percent to 100 percent. The concentration, form, and purity 
of a dye are determined largely by the use for which it is intended. 

Total domestic production of dyes in 1970 amounted to 235 million 
pounds, or 2.4 percent less than the 240 million pounds produced in 
1969 (table 1).^ Sales of dyes in 1970 amounted to 223 million pounds, 
valued at $390 million, compared with 221 million pounds, valued at 
$385 million, in 1969. In terms of quantity, sales of dyes in 1970 
were 1.0 percent larger than in 1969 and in terms of value, 1.3 percent 
larger. The average unit value of sales of all dyes in 1970 was $1.75 
a pound, compared with $1.74 in 1969. 

For many important dyes , production was larger in 1970 than in 
1969. Acid Blue 9 production increased 75.9 percent, from 1,062,000 
pounds in 1969 to 1,868,000 pounds in 1970; Basic Red 14 output in- 
creased 45.9 percent, from 414,000 pounds in 1969 to 604,000 pounds 
in 1970. Other important dyes whose output in 1970 was substantially 
larger than in 1969 were Direct Yellow 44 (30.4 percent increase). 
Disperse Blue 79 (22.1 percent increase), FD§C Red No. 2 (18.1 per- 
cent increase). Vat Green 1 (17.3 percent increase), and Vat Yellow 2 
(12.0 percent increase). 

On the other hand, the output of several important dyes was 
smaller in 1970 than in 1969. Production of Direct Yellow 106 was 
983,000 pounds in 1970, or 48.5 percent less than the 1,909,000 
pounds produced in 1969. Production of Direct Black 38 in 1970 
was 4,125,000 pounds, or 32.5 percent less than the 6,112,000 pounds 
produced in 1969. The output of Vat Yellow 4 was 59.1 percent 
smaller in 1970 than in 1969; that of Disperse Yellow 3 was 28.3 
percent smaller, that of Acid Yellow 151 was 25.0 percent smaller; 
that of Vat Brown 3 was 19.1 percent smaller; and that of Direct 
Blue 86 was 17.5 percent smaller. 



^ See also table 2 of this report which lists these products and iden- 
tifies the manufacturers by code; These codes are given in table 3. 



56 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 

Table lA summarizes production and sales of dyes in 1970 by class 
of application. Five application classes of dyes accounted for approx- 
imately three-fourths of all the dyes produced. Vat dyes accounted for 
24.1 percent of the total; direct dyes, for 13.7 percent; fluorescent 
brighteners , for 13.4 percent; disperse dyes, for 12.3 percent; and 
acid dyes, for 9.8 percent. Of these five classes of dyes, the output 
of fluorescent brighteners was 21.2 percent smaller in 1970 than in 
1969; the output of direct dyes was 14.8 percent smaller; and the output 
of acid dyes was 5.9 percent smaller. The output of vat dyes, however, 
was 11.2 percent larger in 1970 than in 1969, and the output of dis- 
perse dyes was 13.7 percent larger. 

Of the remaining classes, the output of solvent dyes in 1970 was 
2.4 percent more than the 1969 production; that of azoic compositions 
was 2.5 percent larger in 1970 than in 1969; and that of food, drug, 
and cosmetic colors was 2.1 percent larger in 1970. Production of 
fiber-reactive dyes decreased 7.9 percent in 1970 from the 1969 output; 
mordant dyes decreased 19.2 percent in 1970; and basic dye output in 
1970 was 2.9 percent less than the 1969 output. 

Table IB shows production and sales of dyes, by chemical class. 
In 1970, three chemical classes of dyes accounted for about two-thirds 
of all the dyes produced: Azo dyes accounted for 30.8 percent of the 
total; anthraquinone dyes, for 22.2 percent; and stilbene dyes, for 

13.6 percent. The output of the azo dyes was 4.5 percent smaller in 
1970 than in 1969, that of the stilbene dyes was 22.1 percent smaller, 
and that of the anthraquinone dyes, 0.2 percent larger. Of the remain- 
ing chemical classes for which statistics are published, the output of 
indigoid dyes was 43.8 percent larger in 1970 than in 1969; cyanine 
dyes, 41.0 percent larger; oxazine dyes, 10.4 percent larger; methine 
dyes, 8.0 percent larger; quinoline dyes, 7.6 percent larger; azoic 
dyes and components, 7.6 percent larger; and triarylmethane dyes, 7.4 
percent larger. On the other haiid, the output of thiazole dyes was 
54.9 percent smaller in 1970 than in 1969; that of the nitro dyes was 

22.7 percent smaller; that of the xanthene dyes was 20.0 percent 
smaller; and that of the phthalocyanine dyes was 11.3 percent smaller. 



57 



Table 1. --Dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1970 



[Listed below are all dyes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders are used 
where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were reported.) 
Table 2 lists all dyes for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturers 
of each] 



Grand total 



Total 



Acid yellow dyes, total 
Acid Yellow 11 
Acid Yellow 17 
Acid Yellow 23 
Acid Yellow 34 
Acid Yellow 36 
Acid Yellow 40 
Acid Yellow 42 
Acid Yellow 44 
Acid Yellow 54 
Acid Yellow 76 
Acid Yellow 99 
Acid Yellow 124 
Acid Yellow 151 
Acid Yellow 159 
All other 



Acid orange dyes 
Acid Orange 7 
Acid Orange 8 
Acid Orange 10 
Acid Orange 24 
Acid Orange 60 
Acid Orange 74 
Acid Orange 116 
All other 



Acid red dyes , total 
Acid Red 1 

Acid Red 
Acid Red 14 
Acid Red 18 
Acid Red 26 
Acid Red 37 
Acid Red 73 
Acid Red 85 
Acid Red 88 
Acid Red 89 
Acid Red 99 
Acid Red 114 
Acid Red 115 
Acid Red 119 
Acid Red 137 
Acid Red i51 
Acid Red 182 
Acid Red 186 
All other — 



Acid violet dyes, total 
Acid Violet 1 
Acid Violet 3 
Acid Violet 7 




See footnote 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 
Table 1.-- Dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1970 — Continued 



Dye 



Quantity 



ACID DYES--Continued 

Acid violet dyes — Continued 

Acid Violet 12 

Acid Violet 49 

All other 

Acid blue dyes, total 

Acid Blue 7 

Acid Blue 9 

Acid Blue 25 

Acid Blue 27 

Acid Blue 40 

Acid Blue 41 

Acid Blue 45 

Acid Blue 62 

Acid Blue 78 

Acid Blue 113 

Acid Blue 118 

Acid Blue 120 

Acid Blue 158 and 158A 

Acid Blue 230 

All other 

Acid green dyes, total 

Acid Green 1 

Acid Green 3 

Acid Green 9 

Acid Green 16 

Acid Green 20 

Acid Green 25 

All other 

Acid brown dyes, total 

Acid Brown 14 

All other 

Acid black dyes, total 

Acid Black 1 

Acid Black 24 

Acid Black 48 

Acid Black 52 

Acid Black 60 

Acid Black 107 

All other 

AZOIC DYES AND COMPONENTS 



1,000 
pounds 



133 
24 

393 
36 
19 

623 
48 



297 
175 



789 
726 



558 

114 

279 

1,560 



1,000 
pounds 



101 

131 



31 

1,045 

215 

87 
110 

44 
462 



585 
52 



37 
1,148 



154 
11 



343 
170 



819 

756 



66 

11 

646 

116 

252 

1,551 



1,000 
dollars 



257 
458 



11,974 



119 

1,397 

1,249 

342 

483 

181 

1,433 

181 

226 

1,225 

102 

41 

199 

245 

4,551 

2,361 



244 
43 
239 
111 
1,078 
576 



3,666 
1,409 
2,257 



6,584 

1,292 
123 
64 

1,150 
414 
673 

2,668 



Azova Compositions 

Total 

Azoic Yellow 2 

Azoic Orange 3 

Azoic Red 1 

Azoic Red 2 

Azoic Red 6 

Azoic Blue 3 

Azoic Brown 9 

Azoic black dyes 

All other azoic compositions 



2,632 



120 
479 
77 
213 
263 
266 
725 
440 



1,874 



201 
198 
710 

737 



41 

365 

320 

1,412 

1,565 



See footnotes at end of table. 



DYES 



59 



Table 1.-- Dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1970- -Continued 



Dye 



Quantity 



Unit 
Value' 



AZOIC DYES AND COMPONENTS--Continued 

Azoic Diazo Components , Bases, 
(Fast Color Bases) 

Total 

Azoic Diazo Component 4, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 10, baise 

Azoic Diazo Component 12, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 32, base 

All other azoic diazo components, bases 

Azoic Diazo Components, Salts 
(Fast Color Salts) 



1,000 



Total- 



Azoic Diazo Component 1, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 3, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 5, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 6, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 8, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 9, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 10, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 11, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 12, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 13, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 28, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 44, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 48, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 49, salt 

All other azoic diazo components, salts- 



Azoic Coupling Components 
(Naphthol AS and Derivatives) 



Total- 



Azoic Coupling Component 4 

Azoic Coupling Component 7 

Azoic Coupling Component 8 

Azoic Coupling Component 14 

Azoic Coupling Component 18 

Azoic Coupling Component 29 

Azoic Coupling Component 34 

Azoic Coupling Component 43 

All other azoic coupling components- 



BASIC DYES 



Total- 



Basic yellow dyes, total - 

Basic Yellow 11 

Basic Yellow 13 

All other 



Basic orange dyes, total- 
Basic Orange 1 

Basic Orange 2 

Basic Orange 21 

All other 



1,389 



281 
294 
703 



60 

177 



315 
294 
178 



2,206 



23 
653 



1,278 



3,657 



1,096 

121 

2,440 



225 
393 
838 
136 



1,000 
pounds 



221 
207 
417 



2,531 



43 
544 
108 



247 
30 
26 
386 
326 
191 



1,522 



376 
9 



13,931 



3,406 



1,032 

97 

2,277 

1,678 



276 
449 
788 
165 



1,000 
dollars 



254 
329 
680 



2,616 



348 
134 



87 
165 



440 
231 
173 



271 
615 



60 

27 

1,730 



10,102 



3,792 

248 

6,062 

3,770 



380 

673 

2,116 

601 



Per 
pound 



$1.48 



1.15 
1.59 
1.63 



1.24 

.95 

.67 

1.50 

1.35 

1.14 

.71 

.91 

1.67 

.83 

2.77 

1.46 



2.00 
3.33 

1.15 
2.17 
1.88 
2.70 
2.13 



1.50 
2.69 
3.64 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



Table 1. — Dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1970- -Continued 



Dye 



Production 



Quantity 



Unit 
value' 



BASIC DYES--Continued 



asic red dyes, total- 
Basic Red 9 

Basic Red 13 

Basic Red 14 

Basic Red 18 

All other 



Basic violet dyes, total- 
Basic Violet 1 

Basic Violet 4 

Basic Violet 10 

Basic Violet 16 

All other 



Basic blue dyes, total - 

Basic Blue 1 

Basic Blue 5 

All other 



Basic Green 1 

Basic Green 4 

Basic Brown 1 

Basic Brown 4 

All other basic dyes- 



DIRECT DYES 



Total- 



Direct yellow dyes, total- 
Direct Yellow 4 

Direct Yellow 5 

Direct Yellow 6 

Direct Yellow 11 

Direct Yellow 12 

Direct Yellow 26 

Direct Yellow 28 

Direct Yellow 29 

Direct Yellow 44 

Direct Yellow SO 

Direct Yellow 84 

Direct Yellow 105 

Direct Yellow 106 

All other 



Direct orange dyes, total- 
Direct Orange 1 

Direct Orange 8 

Direct Orange IS 

Direct Orange 26 

Direct Orange 29 

Direct Orange 34 

Direct Orange 37 

Direct Orange 39 

Direct Orange 72 

Direct Orange 73 

Direct Orange 81 

Direct Orange 102 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 



2,208 



604 

232 

1,338 

3,328 



171 

281 

1,4S6 

2,343 



2,23S 



176 
469 



S31 
199 
493 
,614 
210 



1,219 

369 

1,019 

983 
2,869 



2.067 



1,499 

2,970 



207 

2S3 

1,399 

2.285 



152 
648 
156 
482 
87 



32,577 



10,685 



25 
144 
181 



34 
174 
417 
102 

218 
411 



486 

222 

479 
2,582 

230 
10 

189 

66 

1,193 

397 
1,007 

241 
1,088 
2,495 

1,978 



138 

202 



160 
394 
112 
87 
248 
300 



1,000 
dollars 



63 

137 

1,388 

4,971 



973 

798 

3,385 



368 

103 

6,833 

564 
1,698 
238 
691 
214 



19,044 



960 
637 
844 

2,815 

763 

28 

395 

161 

2,175 
842 

1,753 
550 

1,897 

5,224 

4.950 



63 
230 
257 
116 
343 
243 

84 
362 
875 
481 
242 
698 
956 



Per 
pound 



3.71 
3.04 
2.74 



4.70 
3.15 
2.42 



3.79 
6.06 
3.15 

3.71 
2.62 
1.53 
1.43 
2.46 



1.78 



1.98 
2.87 
1.76 
1.09 
3.32 
2.80 
2.09 
2.44 
1.82 
2.12 
1.74 
2.28 
1.74 



1.67 
1.27 



2.33 
2.26 



See footnotes at end of table. 



DYES 



61 



Table 1.-- Dyes: U.S. production and sales, 19 70- -Continued 



Dye 



Quantity 



DIRECT DYES- -Continued 



Direct red dyes, total 

Direct Red 1 

Direct Red 2 

Direct Red 4 

Direct Red 10 

Direct Red 13 

Direct Red 16 

Direct Red 23 

Direct Red 24 

Direct Red 26 

Direct Red 28 

Direct Red 31 

Direct Red 37 

Direct Red 39 

Direct Red 72 

Direct Red 75 

Direct Red 79 

Direct Red 80 

Direct Red 81 

Direct Red 83 

Direct Red 122 

Direct Red 149 

All other 

Direct violet dyes, total - 

Direct Violet 1 

Direct Violet 7 

Direct Violet 9 

Direct Violet 51 

All other 

Direct blue dyes, total — 

Direct Blue 1 

Direct Blue 2 

Direct Blue 6 

Direct Blue 8 

Direct Blue 15 

Direct Blue 22 

Direct Blue 24 

Direct Blue 25 

Direct Blue 67 

Direct Blue 71 

Direct Blue 76 

Direct Blue 78 

Direct Blue 80 

Direct Blue 86 

Direct Blue 98 

Direct Blue 120 and 120A 

Direct Blue 126 

Direct Blue 218 

All other 

Direct green dyes, total-- 

Direct Green 1 

Direct Green 6 

All other 

Direct brown dyes, total-- 

Direct Brown 1 

Direct Brown lA 

Direct Brown 2 

Direct Brown 31 



1,000 



119 
169 



142 
283 

51 
225 

25 
104 

69 
272 

11 
114 
521 
493 
140 

14 



117 
119 



374 

1,028 

531 



70 

72 

556 

851 

168 

118 

142 

1,397 

1,258 



186 
479 
163 



1,000 



3,508 



154 

214 

36 



117 
186 
311 
66 
212 



478 
131 



23 
447 



6,501 



220 
114 



331 
1,009 

477 



75 

88 

560 

816 

140 

185 

151 

1,113 

1,263 

932 



201 
500 
231 



1,000 
dollars 



278 
453 
105 

15 
104 
239 
486 
628 
173 
318 

39 
307 
272 
611 

41 

247 

871 

1,211 

209 

46 

63 
1,164 



680 

1,024 

342 

78 

225 

32 

9 

138 

55 

159 

120 

285 

927 

1,259 

272 

454 

485 

2,193 

1,871 

2,057 



248 

708 

1,101 



229 
145 



139 
367 
443 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 
Table 1. — Dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1970- -Continued 



Dye 



Production 



DIRECT DYES--Continued 



Direct brown dyes- -Continued 

Direct Brown 74 

Direct Brown 95 

Direct Brown 111 

Direct Brown 154 

All other 

Direct black dyes, total 

Direct Black 4 

Direct Black 9 

Direct Black 22 

Direct Black 38 

Direct Black 51 

Direct Black 80 

All other 

DISPERSE DYES 

Total 

Disperse yellow dyes, total 

Disperse Yellow 3 

Disperse Yellow 5 

Disperse Yellow 23 

Disperse Yellow 33 

Disperse Yellow 34 

Disperse Yellow 42 

Disperse Yellow 54 

All other 

Disperse orange dyes, total 

Disperse Orange 3 

Disperse Orange 5 

Disperse Orange 17 

Disperse Orange 25 

All other 

Disperse red dyes, total 

Disperse Red 1 

Disperse Red 5 

Disperse Red 11 

Disperse Red 13 

Disperse Red 15 

Disperse Red 17 

Disperse Red 55 

Disperse Red 60 

Disperse Red 65 

All other 

Disperse violet dyes, total 

Disperse Violet 1 

Disperse Violet 4 

Disperse Violet 27 

All other 

Disperse blue dyes, total 

Disperse Blue 1 

Disperse Blue 3 

Disperse Blue 7 

Disperse Blue 64 

Disperse Blue 79 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 



309 
207 



539 
4,125 



28,936 



1,870 

1,019 
234 
234 

1,038 
690 

1,801 

4,072 



142 
201 
246 
406 
3,077 

4,098 



234 
437 



129 
557 



591 

1,707 

481 

238 

1,433 

6,688 



1,000 
pounds 



308 

267 



6,855 



708 
640 



25,460 



6,334 



1,916 
36 
955 
269 
208 
938 
bll 

1,335 

3,114 



142 
182 
205 
323 
,262 



791 
78 



126 
444 



9,904 
VIT 



1,568 

378 

190 

1,372 

5,973 



1,000 
dollars 



691 
264 
331 
457 



361 

3,291 

195 

698 

1,044 



65.705 



12,932 



2,806 

130 

1,728 

414 

338 

1,685 

2,522 

3,309 

5,558 



246 
420 
225 



334 

24 

212 

263 

2,751 

154 

7,560 

2,370 



366 

114 

224 

1,666 

29,965 



1,751 
2,496 
2,668 
339 
4,922 
17,789 



See footnotes at end of table. 



DYES 



63 



Table 1.-- Dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1970- -Continued 



Dye 



DISPERSE DYES--Continued 



Disperse black dyes, total 

Disperse Black 1 

All other 

All other disperse dyes 

FIBER-REACTIVE DYES 

Fiber-reactive dyes, total 

Reactive yellow dyes 

Reactive blue dyes 

Reactive black dyes 

All other reactive dyes 

FLUORESCENT BRIGHTENING AGENTS 

Total 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 28 

All other fluorescent brightening agents 

FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC COLORS 
Total 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Dyes 

Total 

FD5C Blue No. 1 

FD§C Blue No. 2 

FDSC Red No. 2 

FD8C Red No. 3 

FDSC Red No. 4 

FD§C Violet No. 1 

FD5C Yellow No. 5 

FD§C Yellow No. 6 

All other food, drug, and cosmetic dyes 

Drug and Cosmetic and External Drug 
and Cosmetic Dyes 

Total 

D§C Green dyes 

D§C Red dyes, total 

D§C Red No. 7 

DSC Red No. 9 

D§C Red No. 12 

DSC Red No. 19 

DSC Red No. 21 

DSC Red No. 36 

All other 

DSC Yellow No. 5 

All other drug S cosmetic and external drug S 

cosmetic dyes 



1,000 
pounds 



238 
1,284 



2,235 



253 

626 

171 

1,185 



1,593 
29,731 



4,118 



1,430 
225 



1,239 
1,013 



Quantity 



1,000 
pounds 

1,401 



237 
1,164 



340 



2,683 



171 
1,303 



1,417 
29,880 



4,200 



3,969 



1,347 
200 



1,207 

1,005 

42 



30 
134 



1,000 
do I lars 



11,728 



1,727 

4,403 

564 

5,034 



51,456 



2,125 
49,331 



13,416 



1,045 

294 

3,694 

1,857 

86 

126 

3,259 

2,702 

353 



385 
665 



27 
442 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 
Table 1.- -Dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1970- -Continued 



Dye 



Quantity 



MORDANT DYES 

Total 

Mordant yellow dyes, total 

Mordant Yellow 1 

Mordant Yellow 8 

All other 

Mordant orange dyes 

Mordant red dyes 

Mordant brown dyes, total 

Mordant Broim 1 

Mordant Brown 33 

Mordant Brown 40 

All other 

Mordant black dyes, total 

Mordant Black 11 

Mordant Black 17 

All other 

All other mordant dyes 

SOLVENT DYES 

Total 

Solvent yellow dyes, total 

Solvent Yellow 2 

Solvent Yellow 3 

Solvent Yellow 14 

All other 

Solvent orange dyes, total 

Solvent Orange 3 

Solvent Orange 7 

All other 

Solvent red dyes, total 

Solvent Red 26 

Solvent Red 49 

All other 

Solvent violet dyes 

Solvent Blue 38 

Solvent Green 3 

Solvent Brown 12 

All other solvent dyes 



1,000 
pounds 

1,823 



135 

203 

87 

233 



754 
281 



1,136 



636 

478 



510 



2,392 



222 

53 

2,117 

267 

61 



1,000 
pounds 

1,818 



767 
278 



1,170 



700 
416 



459 



2.579 



246 

52 

2,281 

254 



6,465 



1,000 
dollars 



290 
214 



102 
123 



955 
287 
169 



863 
1,617 



69 
131 
990 



520 

346 

3,800 

621 

437 

230 



See footnotes at end of table. 



DYES 
Table 1.-- Dyes: U.S. production and sales , 1970- -Continued 



65 



Dye 



Quantity 



Unit 
value' 



1,000 



Total 

Vat yellow dyes, total-- 
Vat Yellow 2, S-1/2-- 
Vat Yellow 4, 12-1/2- 
All other 

Vat orange dyes, total-- 

Vat Orange 1, 20% 

Vat Orange 2, 12% 

Vat Orange 9, 12% 

Vat Orange 15, 10% 

All other 

Vat red dyes, total 

Vat Red 1, 13% 

Vat Red 13, 11% 

Vat Red 32, 20% 

All other 

Vat violet dyes, total-- 

Vat Violet 1, 11% 

Vat Violet 9, 12% 

Vat Violet 13, 6-1/4%- 
All other 

Vat blue dyes, total 

Vat Blue 4, 10% 

Vat Blue 6, 8-1/3% 

Vat Blue 18, 13% 

All other 

Vat green dyes, total-- 

Vat Green 1, 6% 

Vat Green 3, 10% 

Vat Green 9, 12-1/2%- 
All other 

Vat brown dyes, total — 

Vat Brown 1, 11% 

Vat Brown 3, 11% 

All other 

Vat black dyes, total-- 
Vat Black 25, 12-1/2% 
Vat Black 27, 12-1/2% 
All other 

All other dyes^ 



6,255 



3,650 

762 

1,843 

4,215 



1,672 
864 
330 
521 
828 

1.599 



821 
124 



141 
443 



3,236 

1,016 

19,232 

10,276 



4,303 

3,780 

744 

1,449 

3.979 



514 

879 

2,586 



1,000 
pounds 



55,382 



5.538 



3,204 

760 

1,574 



1,661 
644 
192 

507 
821 

1,410 



613 
107 



170 
92 
213 
120 

22,551 



3,151 

863 

18,461 

9,818 



4,664 

3,023 

979 

1,152 

4,046 



579 
950 

2,517 

5,619 



3,113 


2,824 


768 


783 


1,908 


2,012 



18,226 



2^000 



8,610 



3,156 

836 

4,618 

10,137 



4,618 
1,260 

438 
1,379 
2,442 

2,687 



1,103 
367 
217 

1,000 

1,439 



509 
326 
275 
329 

14,188 



122 
3,905 
1,645 
8,516 

8,205 



3,274 

2,935 

853 

1,143 

7,299 



811 
1,688 
4,800 



2,419 
1,091 
2,216 

12,046 



Per 
pound 



2.72 
2.97 



3.43 
4.02 
1.57 



2.99 

3.54 



2.74 



.63 
2.18 
1.24 
1.91 

.46 



.97 
.87 
.99 



1.80 

1.40 
1.78 
1.91 

1.02 



1.39 
1.10 



Calculated from rounded figures. 
^ Includes oxidation bases, ingrain dyes, sulfur dyes, and miscellaneous dyes. Statistics for these groups of 
dyes may not be published separately because publication would disclose information received in confidence. 



66 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



Table LA. — Dyes: U.S. production and sales, by class of application, 1970 



Class of application 



Quantity 



Unit 
value' 



Total 

Acid 

Azoic dyes and components: 

Azoic compositions 

Azoic diazo components, bases (Fast color bases) — 
Azoic diazo components, salts (Fast color salts) — 
Azoic coupling components (Naphthol AS derivatives) 

Basic 

Direct 

Disperse 

Fiber-reactive 

Fluorescent brightening agents 

Food, drug, and cosmetic colors 

Mordant 

Solvent 

Vat 

All other^ 



1,000 
■pounds 



234.526 



1,000 
pounds 



23,088 

2,632 

1,389 

2,055 

2,206 

14,461 

32,246 

28,936 

2,235 

31,324 

4,352 

1,823 

11,464 

56,464 

19,851 



21,553 

1,874 

957 

2,531 

1,522 

13,931 

32,577 

25,460 

2,683 

31,297 

4,200 

1,818 

11,207 

53,382 

18,226 



1,000 
dollca's 



50,752 

3,703 

1,421 

2,616 

2,959 

38,115 

54,035 

65,705 

11,728 

51,456 

14,926 

2,853 

19,823 

58,291 

12,046 



Per 
pound 



2.35 

1.98 
1.48 
1.03 
1.94 
2.74 
1.66 
2.58 
4.37 
1.64 
3.55 
1.57 
1.77 
1.09 
.66 



Calculated from rounded figures. 
^ Includes oxidation bases, ingrain dyes, sulfur dyes, and miscellaneous dyes. Statistics for these groups of 
dyes may not be published separately because publication would disclose information received in confidence. 



Table IB. — Dyes: U.S. production and sales, by chemical class, 1970 



Chemical class 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 



1,000 



Total--- 

Anthraquinone — 

Azo, total 

Monazo 

Disazo 

Trisazo 

Polyazo 

Not specified- 

Azoic 

Cyanine 

Indigoid 

Methine 

Nitro 

Oxazine 

Phthalocyanine-- 

Quinoline 

Stilbene 

Thiazole 

Triarylmethane-- 

Xanthene 

All other^ 



51,965 
72.166 



30,234 

23,590 

7,964 

2,033 

8,345 

8,282 

725 

7,507 

3,251 

1,739 

393 

1,755 

1,735 

31,927 

237 

7,964 

1,105 

43,775 



1,000 
pounds 



48,855 
69,846 



28,531 
23,205 
8,646 
2,009 

7,455 

6,884 

603 
6,603 
2,982 
1,633 

406 

1,914 

1,642 

31,450 

329 
7,218 

844 
42,009 



1,000 
dollars 

390,429 



141,501 



66,616 

45,645 

9,664 

3,296 

16,280 

10,699 
1,636 
3,552 
9,539 
2,847 
1,489 
5,286 
5,370 

44,084 
880 

17,377 
5,110 

41,398 



Per 
pound 

$1.75 



2.04 



2.03 
2.33 
1.97 
1.12 
1.64 
2.18 



1.55 
2.71 

.54 
3.20 
1.74 
3.66 
2.76 
3.27 
1.40 
2.67 
2.41 
6.05 

.99 



' Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Includes production and sales of acridine, aminoketone, azine, coumarin, indophenol, ketone imine, nitroso, 
oxazole, oxidation bases, sulfur, thiazine, and miscellaneous dyes. Statistics for these groups of dyes may not 
be published separately because publication would disclose information received in confidence. 



DYES 



67 



Table 2.- 



-Dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 



[Dyes for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an asterisk (*;i ; dyes not so marked 
do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published. Manu- 
facturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 3. An x signifies that the manufacturer did not 
consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Dye 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



I 



ACID DYES 

*Acid yellow dyes: 

Acid Yellow 1 

Acid Yellow 3 

Acid Yellow 4 

*Acid Yellow 11 

Acid Yellow 14 

*Acid Yellow 17 

*Acid Yellow 23 

Acid Yellow 25 

Acid Yellow 29 

*Acid Yellow 34 

*Acid Yellow 36 

Acid Yellow 38 

*Acid Yellow 40 

*Acid Yellow 42 

*Acid Yellow 44 

Acid Yellow 49 

*Acid Yellow 54 

Acid Yellow 59 

Acid Yellow 63 

Acid Yellow 65 

Acid Yellow 73 

*Acid Yellow 76 

Acid Yellow 79 

*Acid Yellow 99 

Acid Yellow 114 

Acid Yellow 121 

*Acid Yellow 124 

Acid Yellow 127 

Acid Yellow 128 

Acid Yellow 129 

Acid Yellow 135 

*Acid Yellow 151 

Acid Yellow 152 

*Acid Yellow 159 

Acid Yellow 174 

Acid Yellow 175 

Acid Yellow 181 

Other acid yellow dyes 

*Acid orange dyes : 

Acid Orange 1 

Acid Orange 2 

Acid Orange 4 

Acid Orange 6 

*Acid Orange 7 

*Acid Orange 8 

*Acid Orange 10 

Acid Orange 11 

Acid Orange 12 

Acid Orange 19 

*Acid Orange 24 

Acid Orange 31 

Acid Orange 45 

Acid Orange 51 

Acid Orange 52 

Acid Orange 56 

*Acid Orange 60 

Acid Orange 62 



ACY. 
ACS, 
SDH. 
ATL, 
TRC. 
ACS, 
AAP, 
GAP. 
GAP, 
ACS, 
ACS, 
ACS, 
ALT, 
AAP, 
AAP, 
VPC. 
ACS, 
VPC. 
AAP, 
ACS, 
ACS, 
ACS, 
VPC. 
ACS, 
CMG, 
GAP. 
ACS, 
TRC. 
ALT, 
TRC. 
GAP. 
ACY, 
ACY. 
ACS, 
DUP. 
DUP. 
GAP. 
ACY, 

GAP, 
ACS. 
ACY. 
ACS. 
AAP, 
ACS, 
ACS, 
SDH. 
ACS. 
GAP. 
ACS, 
AAP. 
ACS, 
CMG, 
ACS, 
GAP. 
CMG, 
TRC. 



ACY. 

EDO, 

ACY, 
ACS, 

TRC. 
ATL, 
DUP, 
GAP. 
ATL, 
ACY, 
GAP, 



ATL, EDO, CMG, DUP, PDC, SDH, TCD, TRC, VPC. 
ACY, GAP, MRX, PDC, TRC, VPC, WJ, YAW. 



PDC. 
GAP, TRC. 



DUP, TRC, VPC. 
GAP, VPC. 
VPC. 



ACY, CMG, GAP, TCD, TRC, VPC. 



ACS. 
ALT, 
DUP, 
GAP, 

CMG, 
TRC. 

ATL, 

TRC. 



PAE, TRC. 

SDH. 

TRC. 

GAP, TRC, VPC. 



DUP, TCD. 



ATL, DUP, PAS, GAP, TCD, TRC, VPC. 
ALT, FAB, GAP, TRC. 



ALT, CMG, DUP, GAP, TRC, VPC. 
TCD. 



ACS, ACY, ATL, CPC, GAP, PDC, TCD, TRC, YAW. 

ACY, ATL, DUP, GAP, TCD, TRC. 

ACY, ATL, DUP, GAP, PDC, TRC, VPC, YAW. 



ACY, DUP, GAP, TRC, YAW. 

TRC. 

DUP, TRC. 
ATL. 

DUP, GAP, TCD, TRC. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



Table 2. 



-Dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



ACID DYES--Continued 

*Acid orange dyes--Continued 

Acid Orange 63 

Acid Orange 64 

Acid Orange 69 

Acid Orange 72 

*Acid Orange 74 

Acid Orange 76 

Acid Orange 85 

Acid Orange 86 

*Acid Orange 116 

Acid Orange 119 

Acid Orange 128 

Acid Orange 132 

Other acid orange dyes 

*Acid red dyes : 

*Acid Red 1 

*Acid Red 4 

*Acid Red 14 

Acid Red 17 

*Acid Red 18 

.*Acid Red 26 

Acid Red 27 

Acid Red 32 

Acid Red 33 

Acid Red 35 

*Acid Red 37 

Acid Red 42 

Acid Red 52 

Acid Red 57 

Acid Red 66 

*Acid Red 73 

Acid Red 80 

*Acid Red 85 

Acid Red 87 

*Acid Red 88 

*Acid Red 89 

Acid Red 97 

*Acid Red 99 

Acid Red 100 

Acid Red 104 

Acid Red 106 

Acid Red 111 

*Acid Red 114 

*Acid Red 115 

*Acid Red 119 

Acid Red 133 

Acid Red 134 

*Acid Red 137 

Acid Red 138 

*Acid Red 151 

Acid Red 167 

Acid Red 175 

Acid Red 178 

Acid Red 179 

*Acid Red 182 

Acid Red 183 

*Acid Red 186 

Acid Red 191 

Acid Red 194 

Acid Red 201 

Acid Red 207 

Acid Red 211 

Acid Red 212 

Acid Red 213 

Acid Red 217 

Acid Red 266 



GAF 
ACS 
ACY 
GAF 
ACS 
ACS 
ACS 
ACS 
ACS 
TRC 
DUP 
DUP 
ALT 

ACS 
AAP 
ACS 
ACS 
ACS 
ACS 
ACS 
GAF 
YAK 
AAP 
ATL 
CMG 
GAF 
ATL 
AAP 
ACS 
GAF 
ACS 
SDH 
ACS 
AAP 
ATL 
ATL 
VPC 
AAP 
YAW 
ATL 
ACS 
ACS 
ACS 
GAF 
TRC 
ACS 
ALT 
AAP 
ACS 
DUP 
DUP 
CMG 
ACS 
CMG 
ATL 
TRC 
TRC 
TRC 
ACS 
DUP 
TRC 
TRC 
ALT 
DUP 



TRC. 
ACY, DUP. 



CMG, GAF, TRC. 
TRC. 



ALT, TRC. 

ALT, FAB, GAF, TCD, TRC, YAW. 



TRC, VPC. 



ACY, ATL, BDO, DUP, GAF, SDH, TCD, TRC, VPC, YAW. 

ATL, BDO, CMG, DUP, GAF, PDC, TRC, VPC, YAW. 

ATL, GAF, PDC, YAW. 

ATL, TRC. 

ATL, BDO, GAF, PDC, TRC. 

ACY, ATL, CPC. 



GAF. 

CMG, DUP, GAF, TCD, TRC. 

GAF. 

TRC. 

ATL, YAW. 

ACY, ATL, DUP, GAF, PSC, TRC, YAW. 

ICI. 

ACY, ATL, DUP, GAF, PDC, TCD, TRC, VPC, YAW. 

ACY, ATL, DUP, GAF, TRC, SDH, YAW. 

ATL, BDO, GAF, VPC. 

GAF. 

CMG, FAB, TCD, TRC, YAW. 



ALT, ATL, DUP, GAF, PDC, TRC, VPC. 
ATL, GAF. 
ALT, ATL. 



ATL, DUP, GAF, TRC. 



ACY, ALT, ATL, DUP, TCD, TRC, VPC, YAW. 
ATL, DUP, TRC. 



ACY, BDO, CMG, DUP, GAF, TCD. 

TRC. 

CMG, GAF, VPC. 



DYES 



Table 2. --Dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Dye 



ACID DYES- -Continued 

'^Acid red dyes--Continued 

Acid Red 292 

Acid Red 299 

Acid Red 309 

Acid Red 337 

Other acid red dyes 

*Acid violet dyes : 

*Acid Violet 1 

*Acid Violet 3 

*Acid Violet 7 

*Acid Violet 12 

Acid Violet 17 

Acid Violet 29 

Acid Violet 34 

Acid Violet 41 

Acid Violet 43 

*Acid Violet 49 

Acid Violet 56 

Acid Violet 76 

Other acid violet dyes 

*Acid blue dyes : 

Acid Blue 1 

*Acid Blue 7 

*Acid Blue 9 

Acid Blue 10 

Acid Blue 15 

Acid Blue 20 

Acid Blue 23 

*Acid Blue 25 

*Acid Blue 27 

Acid Blue 29 

Acid Blue 34 

*Acid Blue 40 

*Acid Blue 41 

Acid Blue 43 

*Acid Blue 45 

Acid Blue 47 

Acid Blue 48 

Acid Blue 58 

*Acid Blue 62 

Acid Blue 67 ' 

Acid Blue 69 

Acid Blue 74 

*Acid Blue 78 

Acid Blue 80 

Acid Blue 81 

Acid Blue 83 

Acid Blue 89 

Acid Blue 90 

Acid Blue 92 

Acid Blue 93 

Acid Blue 102 

Acid Blue 104 

*Acid Blue 113 

*Acid Blue 118 

*Acid Blue 120 

Acid Blue 122 

Acid Blue 145 

*Acid Blue 158 and 158A 

Acid Blue 165 

Acid Blue 179 

Acid Blue 198 

Acid Blue 203 

Acid Blue 221 

*Acid Blue 230 

Acid Blue 231 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
[according to list in table 3) 



ACY. 
ALT, 
TRC. 
DUP. 
ALT, 



CMC, DUP, GAP, TCD, TRC, VPC. 



BDO 


CMG 


GAP 












ACS 


ACY 


CMG 


TRC 


YAW 








AAP 


ACS 


ATL 


BDO 


CMG 


GAP 


TRC 


VPC. 


BDO 


CMG 


DUP 


GAP 










DUP 


GAP 


SDH 












HSH 
















DUP 


ICI 














CMC 
















HSH 


ICI 














ACS 


ACY 


SDH 


TRC 










CMC 


GAP 














ACS 
















TRC 
















ACS, 


GAP 














ACS 


ACY 


GAP, 


SDH 










ACS, 


ACY 


GAP, 


SDH. 










ACS. 
















GAP. 
















ACS. 
















ACS, 


TRC. 














ACS, 


ATL, 


BDO, 


CMG, 


DUP, 


GAP, 


TCD, 


TRC, VPC. 


ALT, 


ATL, 


BDO, 


GAP. 










YAW. 
















ACS. 
















ACS, 


ALT, 


ATL, 


BDO, 


DUP, 


GAP, 


ICI, 


TRC. 


ACS, 


ATL, 


BDO, 


CMG, 


GAP. 








ACY, 


TRC. 














ACS, 


ACY, 


ATL, 


CMG, 


DUP, 


GAP, 


TCD, 


TRC. 


ICI. 
















HSC. 
















DUP. 
















ACS, 


ALT, 


BDO, 


GAP, 


VPC. 








CMC. 
















GAP. 
















ACS, 


DUP. 














ACS, 


ATL, 


BDO, 


DUP, 


GAP, 


ICI, 


TRC. 




ACS, 


ATL, 


TRC. 












ICI. 
















GAP. 
















ACS. 
















TRC. 
















ACS, 


YAW. 














ACY, 


HSC. 














TRC. 
















ACS, 


GAP. 














ACS, 


ALT, 
TRC, 


ATL, 
YAW. 


BDO, 


CMG, 


DUP, 


PAB, 


GAP, PDC, TCD 


ACS, 


ATL, 


TCD. 












ACS, 


ATL, 


GAP. 












DUP. 
















ACS, 


DUP. 














ACS, 


BDO, 


GAP, 


TCD, 


TRC, 


VPC. 






DUP. 
















GAP. 
















VPC. 
















VPC. 
















VPC. 
















ACS, 


DUP', 


TRC. 












TRC. 

















70 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICAI5, 1970 



Table 2. --Dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Dyes 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



ACID DYES--Continued 

*Acid blue dyes — Continued 

Acid Blue' 232 

Acid Blue 255 

Acid Blue 264 

Other acid blue dyes 

*Acid green dyes : 

*Acid Green 1 

*Acid Green 3 

Acid Green 5 

*Acid Green 9 

Acid Green 12 

*Acid Green 16 

*Acid Green 20 

Acid Green 22 

*Acid Green 25 

Acid Green 35 

Acid Green 41 

Acid Green 50 

Acid Green 58 

Acid Green 70 

Acid Green 84 

Other acid green dyes 

*Acid brown dyes: 

Acid Brown 1 

Acid Brown 6 

*Acid Brown 14 

Acid Brown 19 

Acid Brown 22 

Acid Brown 28 

Acid Brown 29 

Acid Brown 31 

Acid Brown 45 

Acid Brown 96 

Acid Brown 97 

Acid Brown 98 

Acid Brown 152 

Acid Brown 158 

Acid Brown 223 

Acid Brown 243 

Other acid brown dyes 

*Acid black dyes: 

*Acid Black 1 

Acid Black 2 

Acid Black 12 

*Acid Black 24 

Acid Black 26, 26A and 26B 

Acid Black 29 

*Acid Black 48 

*Acid Black 52 

Acid Black 58 

*Acid Black 60 

Acid Black 92 

*Acid Black 107 

Acid Black 108 

Acid Black 138 

Other acid black dyes 

A201C DYES AND COMPONENTS 

Azoia Compositions 

Azoic yellow dyes: 

Azoic Yellow 1 

*Azoic Yellow 2 

Azoic Yellow 3 



ALT, ATL, CMC, GAP, TCD, TRC, VPC. 

ACY, DUP. 

ACY, GAP, TRC. 

ACY, GAP. 

GAP. 

GAP, SDH, TRC. 

ATL, EDO, GAP, PDC, TRC. 

ALT, ATL, CMG, GAP, HSH, ICI, TRC, VPC. 

VPC. 
GAP. 



VPC 
DUP 
VPC 
ACY 

ACS 
ACS 
GAP 
ACS 
ACS 
ACS 
ACS 
GAP 
ACS 
TRC 
ICI 
ACY 
TRC 
TRC 
VPC 
ALT 

GAP 
GAP 
AAP 
TRC 
DUP 
TRC 
DUP 
GAP 
TRC 
ACY 
ACY 
ACY 
GAP 
GAP 
GAP 
GAP 
ALT 

AAP 
ACS 
ACS 
ACS 
ATL 
GAP 
ACY 
ACS 
DUP 
BDO 
ACY 
ACS 
GAP 
VPC 
ALT 



ALL, ATL. 
ATL, BUG, 
ATL. 



ACS, ACY, DUP, GAP, TRC, YAW. 



CMG, DUP, GAP, VPC. 



ACS, ACY, ATL, DUP, GAP, PDC, TCD, TRC, YAW. 
ACY. 



CMG, DUP, GAP. 

DUP, TRC. 

ICI, TRC. 

ATL, DUP, GAP, TCD, TRC. 

TRC. 

OIG, TRC. 

DUP, GAP, TRC. 



DYES 



71 



Table 2. --Dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970— Continued 



AZOIC DYES AND COMPONENTS— Continued 
Azoia Compositions — Continued 

Azoic orange dyes : 

*Azoic Orange 3 

Azoic Orange 4 

Azoic Orange 10 

Azoic red dyes : 

*Azoic Red 1 

*Azoic Red 2 

*Azoic Red 6 

Azoic Red 12 

Azoic Red 16 

Azoic Red 73 

Azoic Red 74 

Other azoic red dyes 

Azoic violet dyes: 

Azoic Violet 1 

Other azoic violet dyes 

Azoic blue dyes : 

Azoic Blue 2 

*Azoic Blue 3 

Azoic Blue 6 

Azoic Blue 7 

Azoic Blue 8 

Other azoic blue dyes 

Azoic green dyes: 

Azoic Green 1 

Other azoic green dyes 

Azoic brown dyes : 

Azoic Brown 3 

Azoic Brown 7 

*Azoic Brown 9 

Azoic Brown 10 

Azoic Brown 26 

Other azoic brown dyes 

*Azoic black dyes : 

Azoic Black 1 

Azoic Black 4 

Azoic Black 15 

Other azoic black dyes 

Azoia Uiazo Components, Bases 
(Fast Color Bases) 

Azoic Diazo Component 2, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 3, base 

*Azoic Diazo Component 4, base 

Azoic Diazo Component S, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 8, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 9, base 

*Azoic Diazo Component 10, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 11, base 

*Azoic Diazo Component 12, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 13, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 14, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 20, base — 

Azoic Diazo Component 28, base 

*Azoic Diazo Component 32, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 42, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 44, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 46, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 48, base 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3} 



ALL 


ATL 


BUC 


GAP 


X. 


GAP. 










BUC. 










ALL, 


ATL 


BUC, 


X. 




ALL, 


ATL, 


BUC, 


GAP 


X. 


ALL, 


ATL 


BUC, 


X. 




ATL. 










ATL. 










GAP. 










GAP. 










ALL, 


X. 








ATL, 


BUC, 


GAP. 






ALL. 










ATL. 










ALL, 


ATL, 


BUC, 


GAP, 


HST, 


ATL, 


GAP. 








ATL, 


GAP. 








ALL 










ALL. 










ATL. 










ALL, 


BUC, 


VPC. 






X. 










BUC. 










ALL, 


BUC, 


GAP, 


HST, 


VPC, 


BUC. 










GAP. 










ALL, 


GAP, 


VPC. 






HST. 










ATL, 


BUC, 


GAP. 






GAP. 










ALL, 


GAP, 


VPC. 







ATL, 
BUC. 
ALL, 
GAP. 
SDH. 
VPC. 
ALL. 
PCW. 
BUC, 
BUC. 
AAP. 
ALL, 
ALL, 
AAP, 
PCW. 
BUC. 
ATL. 
CWN, 



BUC. 

BUC, GAP, SDH. 



BUC, GAP. 
PCW, SDH. 



GAP. 
BUC. 
ALL, ATL, BUC, DUP. 



72 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



--Dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



AZOIC DYES AND COMPONENTS- -Continued 



Asoia Diazo Components, Salts 
(Fast Color Salts) 



*Azoic Diazo 
Azoic Diazo 
*Azoic Diazo 
Azoic Diazo 
*Azoic Diazo 
*Azoic Diazo 
*Azoic Diazo 
*Azoic Diazo 
*Azoic Diazo 
*Azoic Diazo 
* Azoic Diazo 
*Azoic Diazo 
Azoic Diazo 
Azoic Diazo 
*Azoic Diazo 
Azoic Diazo 
Azoic Diazo 
Azoic Diazo 
Azoic Diazo 
Azoic Diazo 
Azoic Diazo 
Azoic Diazo 
Azoic Diazo 
*Azoic Diazo 
*Azoic Diazo 
*Azoic Diazo 
Azoic Diazo 
Azoic Diazo 



Component 
Component 
Component 
Component 
Component 
Component 
Component 
Component 
Component 
Component 
Component 
Component 
Component 
Component 
Component 
Component 
Component 
Component 
Component 
Component 
Component 
Component 
Component 
Component 
Component 
Component 
Component 
Component 



1, salt- — 

2, salt — - 

3, salt 

4, salt--- 

5, salt--- 

6, salt— - 

8, salt— - 

9, salt— - 

10, salt-- 

11, salt — 

12, salt-- 

13, salt-- 

14, salt-- 
20, salt-- 
28, salt-- 
32, salt — 

34, salt — 

35, salt-- 

36, salt-- 

37, salt-- 

40, salt-- 

41, salt-- 

42, salt-- 
44, salt-- 

48, salt-- 

49, salt-- 
51, salt-- 
121, salt- 



Azoia Coupling Components 
(Naphthol AS and Derivatives ) 



Azoic 
Azoic 

* Azoic 
Azoic 

*Azoic 

*Azoic 
Azoic 
Azoic 
Azoic 
Azoic 

*Azoic 
Azoic 
Azoic 
Azoic 

*Azoic 
Azoic 
Azoic 
Azoic 
Azoic 
Azoic 

*Azoic 

* Azoic 
Azoic 
Azoic 

*Azoic 
Azoic 
Other 



Coupling Component 2- 



Coupl 
Coupl 
Coupl 
Coupl 



Coupling Component 



Coupl 
Coupl 
Coupl 
Coupl 
Coupl 
Coupl 
Coupl 



Coupl 
Coupl 
Coupl 
Coupl 
Coupl 



ng Component 3- 
ng Component 4- 
ng Component 5- 
ng Component 7- 



ng Component 10- 
ng Component li- 
ng Component 12- 
ng Component 13- 
ng Component 14- 
ng Component 15- 
ing Component 16- 



Coupling Component 17- 



ing Component 18 
ing Component 19- 
ing Component 20- 
ing Component 21- 
ng Component 23- 



Coupling Component 24 

Coupling Component 29 

Coupling Component 34 

Coupling Component 35 

Coupling Component 36 

Coupling Component 43 

Coupling Component 44 

azoic coupling components- 



AAP, 


ALL, 


GAP, 


SDH 




BUC, 


GAP. 








AAP, 


ALL, 


BUC, 


GAP, 


SDH 


ALL, 


BUC. 








AAP, 


ALL, 


BUC, 


GAP, 


SDH 


AAP, 


BUC, 


GAP. 






AAP, 


ALL, 


BUC, 


GAP. 




AAP, 


ALL, 


BUC, 


GAP, 


SDH 


ALL, 


BUC, 


GAP. 






AAP, 


ALL, 


BUC, 


GAP. 




AAP, 


ALL, 


BUC, 


GAP, 


SDH 


AAP, 


ALL, 


BUC, 


GAP, 


SDH 


AAP. 










ALL, 


BUC. 








ALL, 


BUC, 


GAP, 


SDH. 




ALL, 


SDH. 








ALL, 


GAP. 








BUC, 


GAP. 








AAP, 


GAP. 








GAP. 










BUC. 










ALL, 


BUC, 


GAP. 






GAP. 










ALL, 


BUC, 


GAP. 






BUC, 


GAP, 


SDH. 






AAP, 


ALL, 


BUC, 


GAP. 




GAP. 










GAP. 











ATL, 


BUC, 


GAP, 


PCW. 


BUC, 


GAP, 


PCW. 




ATL, 


BUC, 


GAP, 


PCW. 


BUC. 








AAP, 


BUC, 


PCW. 




ATL, 


BUC, 


PCW. 




ATL, 


PCW. 






BUC, 


PCW. 






BUC, 


PCW. 






GAP. 








ATL, 


BUC, 


PCW. 




BUC, 


GAP. 






BUC, 


GAP. 






ATL, 


BUC, 


PCW. 




AAP, 


ATL, 


BUC, 


GAP, PCW 


BUC, 


GAP, 


PCW. 




BUC, 


GAP, 


PCW. 




ATL, 


BUC, 


PCW. 




PCW. 








GAP, 


PCW. 






ATL, 


BUC, 


PCW. 




ATL, 


BUC, 


PCW. 




BUC, 


PCW. 






GAP. 








ATL, 


BUC, 


GAP. 




PCW. 








ATL, 


GAP, 


VPC. 





73 



Table 2. ■ 



-Dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970-- Continued 



Dye 



BASIC DYES 

*Basic yellow dyes: 

Basic Yellow 1 , 

Basic Yellow 2 

♦Basic Yellow 11 

♦Basic Yellow 13 

Basic Yellow 15 

Basic Yellow 21 

Basic Yellow 24 

Basic Yellow 25 

Basic Yellow 26 

Basic Yellow 28 

Basic Yellow 29 

Basic Yellow 31 

Basic Yellow 37 

Basic Yellow 41 

Other basic yellow dyes 

*Basic orange dyes: 

•Basic Orange 1 

*Basic Orange 2 

Basic Orange 14 

Basic Orange 17 

♦Basic Orange 21 

Basic Orange 22 

Basic Orange 24 

Basic Orange 25 

Basic Orange 26 

Basic Orange 27 

Basic Orange 31 

Basic Orange 39 

Other basic orange dyes 

♦Basic red dyes : 

Basic Red 1 

Basic Red 2 

♦Basic Red 9 

Basic Red 12 

♦Basic Red 13 

♦Basic Red 14 

Basic Red IS 

Basic Red 16 

Basic Red 17 

♦Basic Red 18 

Basic Red 19 

Basic Red 22 

Basic Red 23 

Basic Red 29 

Basic Red 30 

Basic Red 47 

Basic Red 48 

Basic Red 49 

Other basic red dyes 

♦ Basic violet dyes: 

♦Basic Violet 1 

Basic Violet 2 

Basic Violet 3 

♦Basic Violet 4 

Basic Violet 7 

♦Basic Violet 10 

Basic Violet 13 

Basic Violet 14 

Basic Violet 15 

♦Basic Violet 16 

Basic Violet 18 

Basic Violet 24 

Basic Violet 27 

♦Basic blue dyes : 

♦Basic Blue 1 

Basic Blue 2 

Basic Blue 3 

♦Basic Blue 5 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



DUP. 
ACS, 
ACS, 
ACS, 
DUP. 
VPC. 
BAS. 
BAS. 
ACY. 
VPC. 
DUP, 
DUP. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
ATL, 

ACS, 
ACS, 
GAP. 
ACS. 
ATL, 
ACS, 
DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
VPC. 
ACY. 
DUP. 
VPC. 

BAS, 
ACS, 
ACY, 
DUP. 
ACS, 
ACS, 
ATL, 
DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP, 
DUP. 
ACY, 
VPC. 
BAS. 
ACY. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
EKT, 

ACS, 
DSC. 
ACS, 
ACS, 
GAP. 
ACY, 
DSC. 
ACY, 
DUP. 
ATL, 
ACY. 
DUP. 
ATL. 

DSC, 
DSC. 
ACY, 
DSC, 



ACY, ALT, ATL, DUP, FAB, GAP, TRC, VPC. 
ATL, DUP, GAP. 



DUP, VPC. 



ACY, DUP, GAP, PSC, TRC. 
ACY, DSC, DUP, GAP, PSC, TRC. 



ACS, DUP, FAB, GAF, VPC. 
GAF. 



DUP. 
DUP. 

DSC, HSC. 

ATL, GAF, TRC, VPC. 

ACY, ATL, DUP, GAF, VPC. 

DUP, GAF. 



GAF, VPC. 
TRC. 



TRC, VPC. 

ACY, DSC, DUP, HSC, TCD. 

DSC, DUP, SDH. 

DSC, DUP. 

DUP, GAF. 

DSC. 

DUP, FAB, GAF, TRC, VPC. 

GAF, SDH, VPC. 



DUP, GAF. 
SDH, VPC. 



74 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



Table 2. 



-Dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



BASIC DYES- -Continued 



*Basic blue dyes--Continued 
Basic Blue 6 



Basic B: 
Basic b: 
Basic B: 
Basic B: 
Basil 
Basic B] 
Basic B: 
Basic B] 
Basic B: 
Basic B] 
Basic Bl 
Basic B: 
Basic B: 
Basic Bl 
Basic Bl 
Basic Bl 
Basic Bl 
Basic B: 
Basic B: 
Basic B: 
Bas: 
Basic B: 



ue 7- 
ue 9- 



lue 11 

lue 21 

lue 22 

lue 25 

lue 26 

lue 35 

lue 39 

lue 41 

lue 45 

lue 47 

lue 54 

lue 60 

lue 69 

lue 75 

lue 76 

lue 77 

lue 82 

lue 87 

lue 94 

lue 97 

Other basic blue dyes — 
Basic green dyes: 

*Basic Green 1 

Basic Green 3 

*Basic Green 4 

Basic Green 7 

Other basic green dyes- 
Basic Brown dyes : 

*Basic Brown 1 

Basic Brown 2 

♦Basic Brown 4 

Basic Black dyes 



DIRECT DYES 



•Direct yellow dyes: 
•Direct Yellow 4 — 

•Direct Yellow 5 

•Direct Yellow 6 — 
Direct Yellow 7 — 

Direct Yellow 8 

Direct Yellow 9 

•Direct Yellow 11-- 

•Direct Yellow 12-- 

Direct Yellow 20-- 

Direct Yellow 23-- 

•Direct Yellow 26-- 

Direct Yellow 27-- 

•Direct Yellow 28-- 

•Direct Yellow 29-- 

Direct Yellow 34-- 

Direct Yellow 39-- 

Direct Yellow 41-- 

•Direct Yellow 44-- 

•Direct Yellow 50-- 

Direct Yellow 59-- 

Direct Yellow 63-- 

Direct Yellow 81-- 

•Direct Yellow 84-- 

Direct Yellow 103- 

•Direct Yellow 105- 

•Direct Yellow 106- 

Direct Yellow 107- 

Direct Yellow 114- 



ACS, ACY. 

DSC, DUP, SDH. 

ACS, ACY, DUP. 

DSC, SDH. 

DUP. 

ACS, DUP. 

VPC. 

DUP, SDH. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

TRC. 

VPC. 

VPC. 

ACY, BAS. 

GAP. 

VPC. 

EKT. 

ACY. 

DUP. 

DUP, TRC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

BAS, DUP, VPC. 

ACS, ACY, DSC, DUP, SDH. 

DUP. 

ACS, ACY, DSC, DUP, SDH. 

DSC. 

VPC. 

ACS, ACY, DUP, GAP, PSC, TRC. 

GAP. 

ACS, ACY, DSC, DUP, GAP, PSC, TRC. 

ALT, DSC, VPC. 



ACS, 
ACS, 
ACS, 
ATL. 
ACS, 
ATL. 
ACS, 
ACS, 
TRC. 
DUP. 
ALT, 
GAP. 
ACS, 
ATL, 
ALT, 
TRC. 
ATL. 
ACS, 
ACS, 
ACS, 
DUP. 
ATL. 
ACS, 
ACS. 
ALT, 
ACS, 
GAP. 
ACY. 



ACY, ATL, DUP, GAP, TCD, TRC, VPC. 

ACY, GAP. 

ACY, ATL, DUP, GAP, TRC. 



ACY, ALT, DUP, GAP, TCD, TRC, VPC. 
ATL, DUP, FAB, GAP, TRC. 



ATL, DUP, GAP, PDC, TRC. 

DUP, GAP. 

GAP. 



ATL, DUP, FAB, GAF, TCD, TRC, VPC. 

ALT, ATL, DUP, FAB, GAF, HSH, TCD, TRC, VPC. 

DUP. 



ATL, DUP, FAB, TCD, TRC. 



GAF, TCD, TRC. 

ALT, PAB, GAF, TCD, TRC. 



75 



Table 2. 



-Dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



DIRECT DYES--Continued 

♦Direct yellow dyes --Continued 

Direct Yellow 117 

Direct Yellow 118 

Direct Yellow 119 

Direct Yellow 120 

Direct Yellow 121 

Direct Yellow 123 

Direct Yellow 125 

Direct Yellow 127 

Direct Yellow 131 

Other direct yellow dyes 

♦Direct orange dyes : 

♦Direct Orange 1 

Direct Orange 6 

♦Direct Orange 8 

Direct Orange 10 

Direct Orange 11 

♦Direct Orange IS 

♦Direct Orange 26 

♦Direct Orange 29 

♦Direct Orange 34 

♦Direct Orange 37 

♦Direct Orange 39 

Direct Orange 59 

Direct Orange 61 

Direct Orange 67 

♦Direct Orange 72 

♦Direct Orange 73 

Direct Orange 74 

Direct Orange 78 

Direct Orange 79 

Direct Orange 80 

♦Direct Orange 81 

Direct Orange 83 

Direct Orange 88 

♦Direct Orange 102 

Direct Orange 110 

Other direct orange dyes 

♦Direct red dyes : 

♦Direct Red 1 

♦Direct Red 2 

♦Direct Red 4 

Direct Red 5 

Direct Red 7 

♦Direct Red 10 

♦Direct Red 13 

♦Direct Red 16 

Direct Red 20 

♦Direct Red 23 

♦Direct Red 24 

♦Direct Red 26 

♦Direct Red 28 

♦Direct Red 31 

Direct Red 32 

♦Direct Red 37 

♦Direct Red 39 

Direct Red 62 

♦Direct Red 72 

Direct Red 73 

♦Direct Red 75 

Direct Red 76 

♦Direct Red 79 

♦Direct Red 80 

♦Direct Red 81 

♦Direct Red 83 

Direct Red 84 



TRC. 












TRC. 












DUP. 












DUP, TCD. 












TRC. 












DUP. 












ACY. 












DUP. 












DUP. 












AAP, ALT, ATL, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


HSH, 


TRC, 


VPC. 


AAP, ACS, ATL, 


BDO, 


CMG, 


VPC. 






ACS. 












ACS, ATL, DUP, 


GAP, 


TRC, 


YAW. 






AAP. 












GAP. 












ACS, ACY, DUP, 


GAP, 


TRC. 








ACS, ATL, CMC, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


HSH, 


TRC. 




ATL, FAB, TCD, 


TRC, 


VPC. 








ACS, ATL, CMC, 


DUP, 


GAF. 








ACY, ATL, CMC, 


DUP, 


GAF. 








ACY, ALT, ATL, 


CMG, 


DUP, 


FAB, 


GAP-, 


TCD. 


DUP, GAP. 












TRC. 












ACS, VPC. 












ACS, ALT, ATL, 


FAB, 


HSH, 


TCD, 


TRC. 


VPC. 


DUP, GAP, TRC, 


VPC. 










DUP, HSH. 












VPC. 












DUP. 












DUP, VPC. 












DUP, GAP, VPC. 












GAP. 












DUP. 












ACS, ACY, ATL, 


DUP, 


GAP. 








TRC. 












ALT, DUP, VPC. 












ACS, ATL, DUP, 


GAP, 


TRC, 


YAW. 






ACS, ATL, DUP, 


FAB, 


TCD, 


TRC. 






ACS, ATL, TRC, 


VPC. 










ACS. 












ATL. 












AAP, ACS, ATL, 


YAW. 










ACS, ATL, DUP, 


GAP, 


TRC, 


YAW. 






ATL, DUP, TRC. 












ACS, GAP. 












ACS, ATL, CMG, 


DUP 


FAB 


GAF, 


TCD, 


TRC, VPC. 


AAP, ACS, ATL 


FAB 


HSH 


TCD, 


TRC, 


VPC. 


AAP, ACS, ATL 


DUP 


GAP 


HSH, 


TRC, 


VPC. 


ACS, ATL, DUP 


FAB 


TRC 


YAW. 






ACS, ATL, GAP 


HSH 


TRC 








ACS, DUP. 












ACS, ATL, DUP 


GAP 


TRC 


YAW 






ATL, DUP, GAP 


TRC 


YAW 








ATL, TRC. 












ACS, DUP, GAP 


TRC 










ACS, ATL. 












ACS, CMG, DUP 


GAP 










GAP. 












ATL, CMG, TCD 


TRC 


VPC 








AAP, ACS, ALT 


ATL 


BDO 


CMG 


FAB 


HSH, SDH, TCD 


TRC, VPC. 












AAP, ACS, ACY 


ATL 


BDO 


CMG 


DUP 


GAF, HSH, TCD 


TRC, VPC, YAW. 










ACS, ALT, ATL 


CMC 


FAB 


HSH 


TCD 


TRC, VPC. 


ATL. 













SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



-Dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manxifacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



DIRECT DYES--Continued 

*Direct red dyes--Continued 

Direct Red 95 

Direct Red HI 

Direct Red 117 

Direct Red 118 

♦Direct Red 122 

Direct Red 123 

Direct Red 127 and 127A 

Direct Red 139 

*Direct Red 149 

Direct Red 152 

Direct Red 153 

Direct Red 209 

Direct Red 212 

Other direct red dyes 

♦Direct violet dyes: 

♦Direct Violet 1 

♦Direct Violet 7 

♦Direct Violet 9 

Direct Violet 14 

Direct Violet 22 

Direct Violet 47 

Direct Violet 48 

♦Direct Violet 51 

Direct Violet 62 

Direct Violet 66 

Direct Violet 67 

Other direct violet dyes 

♦Direct blue dyes: 

♦Direct Blue 1 

♦Direct Blue 2 

♦Direct Blue 6 

♦Direct Blue 8 

Direct Blue 14 

♦Direct Blue 15 

♦Direct Blue 22 

♦Direct Blue 24 

♦Direct Blue 25 

Direct Blue 26 

♦Direct Blue 67 

♦Direct Blue 71 

Direct Blue 74 

Direct Blue 75 

♦Direct Blue 76 

♦Direct Blue 78 

♦Direct Blue 80 

Direct Blue 81 

♦Direct Blue 86 

Direct Blue 87 

Direct Blue 91 

♦Direct Blue 98 

Direct Blue 100 

Direct Blue 104 

♦Direct Blue 120, 120A 

♦Direct Blue 126 

Direct Blue 133 

Direct Blue 136 

Direct Blue 143 

Direct Blue 151 

Direct Blue 160 

Direct Blue 189 

Direct Blue 191 

Direct Blue 199 

♦Direct Blue 218 

Direct Blue 224 

Direct Blue 238 

Direct Blue 263 

^Hhei^^ec^^Ujedve^ 



VPC. 












GAF. 












DUP. 












ATL. 












ATL, 


TRC, 


VPC. 








ATL, 


GAF. 










ATL. 












ATL, 


VPC. 










ATL, 


CMG, 


DUP. 








CMG, 


DUP. 










ATL. 












TRC, 


VPC. 










VPC. 












ALT, 


ATL, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


HSH, 


TCD, TRC. 


AAP, 


ACS, 


ATL. 








ACS, 


ATL, 


GAF. 








ACS, 


ATL, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TCD, 


TRC. 


ACS, 


ATL. 










DUP. 












GAF. 












ACS. 












ACS, 


ATL, 


DUP. 








ACY. 












ATL, 


TRC. 










DUP. 












ALT. 













ACS, ACY, ATL, DUP, 
ACS, ATL, DUP, FAB, 



AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY, 


ATL, 


DUP 


ACS, 


ATL, 


DUP, 


GAF. 




ACS, 


ATL, 


TRC. 






ACS, 


ATL, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


YAW 


ACS, 


ATL, 


•QJIG. 






ATL, 


TCD, 


YAW. 






ACS, 


ATL, 


GAF, 


TRC, 


YAW 


ATL. 










ACS, 


ATL, 


DUP, 


TRC. 




ACS, 


ATL, 


GAF, 


TRC. 




DUP. 










TRC. 










ACS, 


ALT, 


ATL, 


FAB, 


GAF 


ACS, 


ATL, 


CMG, 


DUP, 


TRC 


ACS, 


ALT, 


ATL, 


DUP, 


FAB 


ATL. 










AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY, 


ALT, 


ATL 


SDH, TCD, TRC, VPC. 


ICI. 










TRC. 










ALT, 


ATL, 


GAF, 


TRC, 


VPC 


ALT, 


ATL, 


TCD. 






DUP. 










ATL, 


DUP, 


TCD, 


TRC. 




ATL, 


DUP, 


HSH, 


TRC, 


VPC 


GAF. 










GAF. 










DUP. 










ATL, 


TRC. 








TRC. 










TCD, 


TRC. 








AAP, 


ALT, 


GAF. 






GAF. 










ACS, 


ALT, 


ATL, 


DUP, 


FAB 


ATL. 










ACY. 










DUP. 










ALT 


GAF 


VPC. 







GAF, HSH, TCD, TRC, VPC, 
GAF, HSH, TCD, TRC, VPC, 
GAF, HSH, TCD, TRC, YAW. 



HSH, TCD, TRC, VPC, YAW. 
GAF, HSH, TCD, TRC. 
DUP, FAB, GAF, ICC, ICI, 



GAF, TCD, TRC, VPC. 



DYES 



77 



Table 2. — Dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 19 70- -Continued 



Dye 



DIRECT DYES--Continued 

*Direct green dyes : 

'Direct Green 1 

•Direct Green 6 

Direct Green 8 

Direct Green 12 

Direct Green 15 

Direct Green 26 

Direct Green 27 

Direct Green 28 

Direct Green 38 

Direct Green 39 

Direct Green 45 

Direct Green 47 

Direct Green 51 

Direct Green 69 

Other direct green dyes 

*Direct brown dyes : 

*Direct Brown 1 

*Direct Brown lA 

*Direct Brown 2 

Direct Brown 6 

Direct Brown 27 

*Direct Brown 31 

Direct Brown 32 

Direct Brown 33 

Direct Brown 40 

Direct Brown 44 

Direct Brown 48 

Direct Brown 59 

*Direct Brown 74 

'Direct Brown 95 

Direct Brown 106 

*Direct Brown 111 

Direct Brown 112 

'Direct Brown 154 

Direct Brown 218 

Other direct brown dyes 

'Direct black dyes: 

'Direct Black 4 

Direct Black 8 

'Direct Black 9 

Direct Black 17—' 

Direct Black 19 

'Direct Black 22 

Direct Black 36 

Direct Black 37 

'Direct Black 38 

Direct Black 44 

'Direct Black 51 

Direct Black 56 

Direct Black 71 

Direct Black 75 

Direct Black 78 

'Direct Black 80 

Direct Black 190 

Other direct black dyes 

DISPERSE DYES 

'Disperse yellow dyes: 

Disperse Yellow 1 

Disperse Yellow 2 

'Disperse Yellow 3 

'Disperse Yellow 5 

Disperse Yellow 8 

'Disperse Yellow 23 

Disperse Yellow 31 -■ 

Disperse Yellow 32 

'Disperse Yellow 33 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
Caccording to list in table 3) 



ACS, ACY, ATL, DUP, FAB, GAP, TCD, TRC, YAW. 
ACS, ATL, FAB, GAF, TCD, TRC, YAW. 



TRC. 
TRC. 



AAP, 
AAP, 
TRC. 
TRC. 
DUP. 
DUP, 
DUP, 
TRC. 
DUP, 
GAF. 
ATL, 
ATL, 
TRC. 
TRC. 
ACY, ALT, DUP. 



VPC. 
DUP, GAF. 



ACY, 
GAF, 
AAP, 
ACS, 
ATL, 
AAP, 
GAF. 
DUP. 
AAP. 
GAF, 
AAP. 
ACY, 
AAP, 
ACS, 
GAF. 
DUP, 
ATL. 
ACS, 
ACS, 
ALT, 

ACS, 
TRC, 
ACS, 
GAF. 
ATL, 
ALT, 
AAP. 
AAP. 
AAP, 
TRC. 
AAP, 
ACS, 
ATL. 
GAF. 
ACS, 
ACS, 
TCD. 
ACY, 



ATL, TCD. 

TRC, YAW. 

ACS, ACY, ATL, DUP, GAF, HSH, TCD, TRC, YAW. 

TRC, YAW. 

GAF. 

ACS, ATL, DUP, GAF, TRC, YAW. 



YAW. 

ACS, DUP. 

ATL, DUP, FAB, GAF, HSH, TCD, TRC, YAW. 

GAF, TRC, VPC. 

DUP, FAB, TRC, YAW. 

HSH. 

VPC. 

ATL, GAF, TCD, TRC, YAW. 

YAW. 

ATL, DUP, GAF, TCD. 



ATL, DUP, GAF, TCD, TRC, VPC, YAW. 



ACS, ACY, ATL, FAB, GAF, HSH, TCD, TRC, YAW. 



ACS, DUP, GAF, TRC. 
TRC. 



ATL, FAB, HSH, TCD, TRC, VPC, YAW. 
ALT, ATL, HSH, TRC, YAW. 



GAF. 

DUP. 

AAP, ACS, ALT, DUP, GAF, HSH, ICC, TCD, TRC. 

GAF, ICC, TCD. 

EKT, TRC. 

AAP, ALT, DUP, EKT, GAF, ICC, TCD, TRC. 

GAF. 

DUP. 

AAP, EKT, GAF, ICC, TRC. 



.ICO-CCQ r^ .■,■> _^ 



78 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



Table 2. — Dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



DISPERSE DYES- -Continued 

*Disperse yellow dyes --Continued 

*Disperse Yellow 34 

*Disperse Yellow 42 

Disperse Yellow 50 

♦Disperse Yellow 54 

Disperse Yellow 67 

Disperse Yellow 69 

Disperse Yellow 77 

Disperse Yellow 85 

Disperse Yellow 86 

Disperse Yellow 87 

Disperse Yellow 88 

Disperse Yellow 89 

Disperse Yellow 93 

Disperse Yellow 95 

Disperse Yellow 96 

Disperse Yellow 106 

Disperse Yellow 125 

Other disperse yellow dyes 

♦Disperse orange dyes: 

♦Disperse Orange 3 

♦Disperse Orange 5 

Disperse Orange 16 

♦Disperse Orange 17 

Disperse Orange 21 

♦Disperse Orange 25 

Disperse Orange 28 

Disperse Orange 29 

Disperse Orange 30 

Disperse Orange 38 

Disperse Orange 41 

Disperse Orange 44 

Disperse Orange 57 

Disperse Orange 58 

Disperse Orange 59 

Disperse Orange 62 

Disperse Orange 75 

Other disperse orange dyes 

♦Disperse red dyes : 

♦Disperse Red 1 

Disperse Red 4 

♦Disperse Red 5 

Disperse Red 7 

Disperse Red 9 

♦Disperse Red 11 

♦Disperse Red 13 

♦Disperse Red 15 

♦Disperse Red 17 

Disperse Red 21 

Disperse Red 30 

Disperse Red 31 

Disperse Red 35 

Disperse Red 54 

"Disperse Red 55 

Disperse Red 56 

Disperse Red 59 

♦Disperse Red 60 

♦Disperse Red 65 

Disperse Red 66 

Disperse Red 73 

Disperse Red 78 

Disperse Red 86 

Disperse Red 88 

Disperse Red 96 

Disperse Red 117 

Disperse Red 136 

Disperse Red 137 

Disperse Red 138 



AAP 
AAP 
TRC 
AAP 
DUP 
ACY 
VPC 
EKT 
AAP 
EKT 
EKT 
EKT 
VPC 
VPC 
VPC 
GAP 
SDC 
AAP 

AAP 
AAP 
AAP 
AAP 
DUP 
DUP 
AAP 
AAP 
ICC 
TRC 
DUP 
DUP 
EKT 
AAP 
EKT 
DUP 
DUP 
AAP 

AAP 
GAP 
AAP 
AAP 
ATL 
AAP 
DUP 
GAP 
AAP 
EKT 
EKT 
ICC 
EKT 
ICC 
AAP 
DUP 
ACY 
AAP 
DUP 
AAP 
TRC 
ICC 
EKT 
EKT 
ACY 
EKT 
EKT 
EKT 
EKT 



EKT, ICC 

ALT, DUP, EKT, GAP, ICC, MAY, TCD, TRC. 



DUP, GAP, ICC, TRC. 



ALT, DUP, EKT, MAY, SDC, TRC, VPC. 

ALT, DUP, GAP, HSH, ICC, TCD, TRC. 
EKT, GAP, SDC. 

EKT, GAP, HSH, ICC, TCD. 

TRC. 

EKT, TRC. 

GAP. 
TRC. 



EKT. 
ICC. 



ALT, DUP, EKT, GAP, ICC, MAY, SDC, TCD, TRC. 

DUP, EKT, GAP, HSH, ICC, TCD, TRC. 

ICC, TRC. 

EKT, GAP, HSH, ICC, TCD. 

GAP. 

ICI. 

DUP, GAP, ICC. 

GAP, ICC, TCD. 

HSH, TCD, TRC. 

DUP, EKT, GAP, HSH, ICC, TCD, TRC. 



TRC. 



DUP, ICC, TCD, TRC. 

DUP, GAP. 

DUP, EKT, GAP, SDC, TCD, TRC, VPC. 

EKT, ICC, TRC. 



TRC. 
GAP. 



DYES 



79 



Table 2. 



-Dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by maniifacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Dye 



DISPERSE DYES- -Continued 

'Disperse red dyes --Continued 

Disperse Red 140 

Disperse Red 177 

Disperse Red 178 

Disperse Red 179 

Disperse Red 180 

Other disperse red dyes 

♦Disperse violet dyes : 

♦Disperse Violet 1 

♦Disperse Violet 4 

Disperse Violet 8 

Disperse Violet 14 

Disperse Violet 18 

Disperse Violet 26 

♦Disperse Violet 27 

Disperse Violet 28 

Disperse Violet 41 

Disperse Violet 42 

Disperse Violet 43 

Disperse Violet 44 

Other disperse violet dyes 

♦Disperse blue dyes: 

♦Disperse Blue 1 

♦Disperse Blue 3 

♦Disperse Blue 7 

Disperse Blue 9 

Disperse Blue 26 

Disperse Blue 27 

Disperse Blue 35 

Disperse Blue 55 

Disperse Blue 56 

Disperse Blue 60 

Disperse Blue 61 

Disperse Blue 62 

Disperse Blue 63 

♦Disperse Blue 64 

Disperse Blue 70 

Disperse Blue 71 

Disperse Blue 73 

♦Disperse Blue 79 

Disperse Blue 81 

Disperse Blue 94 

Disperse Blue 95 

Disperse Blue 102 

Disperse Blue 109 

Disperse Blue 112 

Disperse Blue 116 

Disperse Blue 117 

Disperse Blue 118 

Disperse Blue 119 

Disperse Blue 120 

Disperse Blue 121 

Disperse Blue 123 

Disperse Blue 125 

Disperse Blue 132 

Disperse Blue 133 

Disperse Blue 139 

Disperse Blue 150 

Disperse Blue 155 

Disperse Blue 166 

Other disperse blue dyes 

Disperse green dyes 

Disperse brown dyes: 

Disperse Brown 1 

Disperse Brown 2 

Disperse Brown 7 

Other disperse brown dyes 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



DUP. 
ICC. 
ICC. 
ICC. 
ICC. 
AAP, 

MP, 
AAP, 
GAF. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
AAP, 
TRC. 
EKT. 
EKT. 
EKT. 
EKT. 
DUP, 

AAP, 
AAP, 
EKT, 
DUP, 
ICC. 
DUP, 
ICI. 
TRC. 
VPC. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP, 
DUP. 
DUP, 
AAP. 
VPC. 
TRC. 
AAP, 
VPC. 
BAS. 
GAF. 
EKT. 
DUP. 
EKT. 
ACY. 
EKT. 
EKT. 
EKT. 
EKT. 
EKT. 
EKT. 
TRC. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
VPC. 
DUP. 
GAF, 
ICI. 
ALT, 
GAF, 

TRC. 
DUP, 
EKT. 
AAP, 



DUP, EKT, GAF, ICC, MAY, SDC , TRC, VPC. 



GAF, HSH, ICC, TRC. 
GAF, ICC. 



ACY, DUP, EXT, GAF, ICC. 



GAF, MAY, SDC. 

BAS, GAF, ICC, TCD, TRC. 

DUP, EKT, GAF, HSH, ICC, TCD, TRC. 

GAF, HSH, ICC, TCD, TRC. 

GAF, ICC. 

EKT. 



EKT, SDC. 
EKT, GAF, TRC. 



DUP, GAF. HSH, ICC, MAY, SDC, TRC, VPC. 
VPC. 



EKT, GAF. 
GAF, ICC, SDC. 



80 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



Table 2. 



-Dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



DISPERSE DYES--Continued 

'Disperse black dyes: 

'Disperse Black 1 

Disperse Black 2 

Disperse Black 9 

Disperse Black 33 

Disperse Black 34 

Other disperse black dyes 

FIBER-REACTIVE DYES 

♦Reactive yellow dyes: 

Reactive Yellow 1 

Reactive Yellow 2 

Reactive Yellow 3 

Reactive Yellow 4 

Reactive Yellow 6 

Reactive Yellow 7 

Reactive Yellow 8 

Reactive Yellow 13 

Reactive Yellow 14 

Reactive Yellow IS 

Reactive Yellow 17 

Reactive Yellow 18 

Reactive Yellow 22 

Reactive Yellow 24 

Reactive Yellow 25 

Reactive Yellow 37 

Reactive Yellow 60 

Reactive Yellow 61 

Reactive Yellow 62 

Reactive orange dyes : 

Reactive Orange 1 

Reactive Orange 2 

Reactive Orange 4 

Reactive Orange 10 

Reactive Orange 12 

Reactive Orange 13 

Reactive Orange 14 

Reactive Orange 16 

Reactive Orange 49 

Reactive red dyes : 

Reactive Red 1 

Reactive Red 2 

Reactive Red 3 

Reactive Red 4 

Reactive Red 5 

Reactive Red 8 

Reactive Red 11 

Reactive Red 16 

Reactive Red 21 

Reactive Red 29 

Reactive Red 31 

Reactive Red 33 

Reactive Red 40 

Reactive Red 41 

Reactive Red 92 

Reactive Red 93 

Reactive violet dyes: 

Reactive Violet 1 

Reactive Violet 2 

Reactive Violet 4 

Reactive Violet 5 

Reactive Violet 14 

'Reactive blue dyes: 

Reactive Blue 1 

Reactive Blue 2 

Reactive Blue 3 

Reactive Blue 4 



AAP, DUP, GAP, TRC. 

TRC. 

AAP, EKT. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

ALT, DUP, GAP, ICC, SDC, VPC. 



ICI. 

HST, TRC. 

TRC. 

ICI. 

TRC. 

ICI. 

HST. 

HST. 

HST. 

HST. 

HST. 

ICI. 

ICI. 

HST. 

VPC. 

HST. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ICI. 
TRC. 
ICI. 
HST. 
ICI. 
ICI. 
ICI. 
HST. 
ACY. 

ICI. 

ICI. 

ICI. 

TRC. 

ICI. 

ICI. 

ICI. 

TRC. 

HST. 

ICI. 

HST, ICI. 

ICI. 

VPC. 

VPC. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ICI. 
TRC. 
HST. 
HST. 
HST. 

ICI. 
TRC. 
ICI. 
ICI. 



DYES 



81 



Table 2. --Dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Dye 



FIBER-REACTIVE DYES- -Continued 

*Reactive blue dyes--Continued 

Reactive Blue 5 

Reactive Blue 7 

Reactive Blue 9 

Reactive Blue 19 

Reactive Blue 21 

Reactive Blue 2S 

Reactive Blue 27 

Reactive Blue 29 

Reactive Blue 30 

Reactive Blue 86 

Reactive Blue 87 

Reactive Blue 88 

Other reactive blue dyes 

Reactive green dyes 

Reactive brown dyes: Reactive Brown 10 

*Reactive black dyes : 

Reactive Black 1 

Reactive Black 5 

Reactive Black 9 

FLUORESCENT BRIGHTENING AGENTS 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 6 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 8 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 9 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 22 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 24 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 2S 

'Fluorescent Brightening Agent 28 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 30 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 33 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 34 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 45 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 46 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 49 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 52 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 54 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 59 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 61 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 68 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 71 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 75 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 102 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 108 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 109 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 113 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 114 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 125 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 126 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 128 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 130 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 134 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 135 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 158 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 159 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 184 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 189 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 190 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 205 

Other fluorescent brightening agents 

FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC COLORS 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Dyes 

*FD§C Blue No. 1 

*FD§C Blue No. 2 

FD5C Green No. 3 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



TRC. 

TRC. 

ICI. 

HST. 

HST. 

ICI. 

HST. 

VPC. 

VPC. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

HST. 

HST, ICI. 

ICI. 

TRC. 
HST. 
ICI. 



ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY, 
CGY. 
CGY. 
GAF. 
ACY, 
GAF. 
GAF. 
DUP. 
TRC. 
CGY. 
S. 



CCW, DUP, SDH. 



CGY. 

CGY. 

ACY, CGY. 

CCW, GAF. 

ACY, GAF. 

GAF. 

DUP, VPC. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

VPC. 

VPC. 

ACY. 

SDH. 

SDH. 

SDH. 

CGY. 

CGY. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

CGY. 

CGY. 

CGY. 

VPC. 

ACY, CCW, CGY, DUP, GAF, PCW, S, VPC. 



ACS, ALT, KON, SDH, WJ. 
ACS, KON, SDH, WJ. 



82 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



Table 2. — Dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC COLORS--Continued 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Dyes — Continued 

*FD§C Red No. 2 

*FD§C Red No. 3 

*FDSC Red No. 4 

*FD5C Violet No. 1 

*FD8C Yellow No. 5 

*FD§C Yellow No. 6 

Other food, drug, and cosmetic dyes 

Dmg and Cosmetic Dyes 

D5C Blue No. 6 

D§C Green No. 5 

D5C Green No. 6 

D§C Green No. 7 

DSC Green No. 8 

D§C Orange No. 4 

DSC Orange No. 5 

DSC Orange No. 10 

DSC Orange No. 17 

DSC Red No. 2 

DSC Red No. 3 

DSC Red No. 6 

*DSC Red No. 7 

DSC Red No. 8 

*DSC Red No. 9 

DSC Red No. 10 

DSC Red No. 11 

*DSC Red No. 12 

DSC Red No. 13 

DSC Red No. 17 

*DSC Red No. 19 

*DSC Red No. 21 

DSC Red No. 22 

DSC Red No. 27 

DSC Red No. 28 

DSC Red No. 30 

DSC Red No. 31 

DSC Red No. 33 

DSC Red No. 34 

*DSC Red No. 36 

DSC Red No. 37 

*DSC Yellow No. 5 

DSC Yellow No. 6 

DSC Yellow No. 7 

DSC Yellow No. 8 

DSC Yellow No. 10 

DSC Yellow No. 11 

Drug and Cosmetic Dyes, External 

Ext. DSC Green No. 1 

Ext. DSC Yellow No. 1 

Ext. DSC Yellow No. 7 



INGRAIN DYES 



Ingrain blue dyes: 
Ingrain Blue 1-- 
Ingrain Blue 2-- 



ACS, ALT, KON, SDH, STG , WJ. 

ACS, ALT, KON, SDH, STG, WJ. 

KON, STG, WJ. 

ACS, SDH, WJ. 

ACS, ALT, KON, SDH, STG, WJ. 

ACS, ALT, KON, SDH, STG, WJ. 

ALT, STG. 



KON. 






ACS, 


ALT, 


KON. 


ACS, 


ALT, 


KON. 


ALT. 






KON, 


SDH. 




KON, 


SNA, 


TMS. 


SNA, 


TMS. 




TMS. 






SNA. 






KON. 






KON, 


TMS. 




KON, 


SNA, 


TMS. 


KON, 


SNA, 


TMS. 


KON, 


SNA. 




KON, 


SNA, 


TMS. 


KON, 


SNA. 




KON, 


SNA. 




KON, 


SNA, 


TMS. 


SNA. 






KON. 






ACS, 


KON, 


SNA, TMS 


KON, 


SNA, 


TMS. 


KON, 


SDH. 




TMS. 






ACS. 






KON, 


™s. 




KON. 






ACS, 


KON. 




KON. 






ALT, 


KON, 


TMS. 


ACS. 






KON, 


SNA, 


TMS. 


KON. 






KON. 






KON, 


TMS. 




KON. 






KON. 







MORDANT DYES 

*Mordant yellow dyes: 

♦Mordant Yellow 1 

Mordant Yellow 3 

Mordant Yellow 5 



ACS, KON. 
ACS, KON. 
KON. 



ICI. 
ICI, VPC. 



ATL, GAF, PDC. 

ATL. 

TRC. 



DYES 



83 



Table 2. — Dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Dye 



MORDANT DYES--Continued 

*Mordant yellow dyes --Continued 

*Mordant Yellow 8 

Mordant Yellow 14 

Mordant Yellow 16 

Mordant Yellow 20 

Mordant Yellow 26 

Mordant Yellow 29 

Mordant Yellow 30 

Mordant Yellow 36 

*Mord2int orange dyes : 

Mordant Orange 1 

Mordant Orange 4 

Mordant Orange 6 

Mordant Orange 8 

Mordant Orange 30 

*Mordant red dyes : 

Mordant Red 3 

Mordant Red 5 

Mordant Red 7 

Mordant Red 9 

Mordant Red 11 

Mordant violet dyes: 

Mordant Violet 5 

Mordant Violet 11 

Mordant Violet 20 

Mordant blue dyes: 

Mordant Blue 1 

Mordant Blue 3 

Mordant Blue 9 

Mordant Blue 13 

Mordant Blue 19 

Mordant green dyes : 

Mordant Green 36 

*Mordant brown dyes : 

*Mordant Brown 1 

Mordant Brown 12 

Mordant Brown 13 

Mordant Brown 15 

Mordant Brown 18 

Mordant Brown 19 

Mordant Brown 21 

*Mordant Brown 33 

'Mordant Brown 40 

Mordant Brown 50 

Mordant Brown 63 

Mordant Brown 70 

*Mordant black dyes: 

Mordant Black 3 

Mordant Black 7 

Mordant Black 8 

Mordant Black 9 

*Mordant Black 11 

Mordant Black 13 

*Mordant Black 17 

Mordant Black 19 

Mordant Black 26 

Mordant Black 38 

OXIDATION BASES 

Oxidation Base 8 and 8A 

Oxidation Base 21 

Oxidation Base 22 

Oxidation Base 25 

Other oxidation bases 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



ACS, 


PDC, 


VPC. 




ACS, 


PDC. 






ACY. 








ACS, 


ATL. 






VPC. 








GAP. 








TRC, 


VPC. 






PDC. 








ACY, 


GAP, 


PDC, 


TRC. 


GAP, 


PDC. 






ATL, 


GAP, 


PDC, 


TRC. 


TRC. 








ACS. 








ACS, 


ACY. 






PDC. 








ACS, 


ACY, 


ATL, 


BDO, CMG, GAP, TRC, VPC 


MRX. 








ACY. 








PDC. 








GAP. 








GAP. 








GAP. 








GAP. 








GAP. 








ACS. 








CMG. 









ACS, 


CMG, 


DUP 


GAP, 


PDC. 








ACS. 








GAP. 








ACS, 


DUP. 






GAP. 








GAP, 


VPC. 






ACS, 


GAP, 


PDC, 


TRC. 


ACS, 


DUP, 


GAP, 


YAW. 


TRC. 








TRC. 








DUP, 


PDC. 






ACS, 


TRC. 






GAP. 








VPC. 








ACS, 


VPC. 






ACS, 


GAP, 


TRC, 


VPC. 


HSH. 








ACS, 


ACY, 


GAP, 


TRC. 


PDC. 








TRC. 








PDC. 









ACY. 
PDC. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



-Dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



SOLVENT DYES 

♦Solvent yellow dyes: 

Solvent Yellow 1 

*Solvent Yellow 2 

♦Solvent Yellow 3 

Solvent Yellow 13 

♦Solvent Yellow 14 

Solvent Yellow 19 

Solvent Yellow 29 

Solvent Yellow 30 

Solvent Yellow 33 

Solvent Yellow 34 

Solvent Yellow 40 

Solvent Yellow 42 

Solvent Yellow 43 

Solvent Yellow 44 

Solvent Yellow 45 

Solvent Yellow 47 

Solvent Yellow 56 

Solvent Yellow 71 

Solvent Yellow 72 

Solvent Yellow 87 

Other solvent yellow dyesr 

♦Solvent orange dyes: 

Solvent Orange 2 

♦Solvent Orange 3 

Solvent Orange 5 

♦Solvent Orange 7 

Solvent Orange 20 

Solvent Orange 23 

Solvent Orange 24 

Solvent Orange 25 

Solvent Orange 31 

Solvent Orange 47 

Solvent Orange 48 

Solvent Orange 51 

Other solvent orange dyes 

♦Solvent red dyes: 

Solvent Red 1 

Solvent Red 8 

Solvent Red 22 

Solvent Red 24 

♦Solvent Red 26 

Solvent Red 27 

Solvent Red 33 

Solvent Red 35 

Solvent Red 40 

Solvent Red 41 

♦Solvent Red 49 

Solvent Red 52 

Solvent Red 68 

Solvent Red 69 

Solvent Red 74 

Solvent Red 75 

Solvent Red 80 

Solvent Red 105 

Solvent Red 108 

Solvent Red 111 

Solvent Red 115 

Solvent Red 126 

Other solvent red dyes 

♦Solvent violet dyes: 

Solvent Violet 8 

Solvent Violet 9 

Solvent Violet 13 

Solvent Violet 14 

Solvent Violet 17 

Other solvent violet dyes 



AAP 












MP 


DUP, 


FH, 


GAF, 


PSC. 




ACS 


DUP, 


PSC 








ACY 


GAF. 










AAP 


ACS, 


ACY 


DUP 


FH, GAF, PSC, 


SDH 


GAP 












GAP 












ACS 


PSC. 










ACS 


ACY. 










DSC 












ACS 












ACS 












GAF 












ACS 


GAF. 










ACS 












ACY 


DUP, 


GAF. 








ACS 


ACY. 










ACY 












ACY 












ACY 












AAP 


DSC, 


PAT 








AAP 


PSC. 










ACS 


ACY, 


DSC, 


GAF 


PSC. 




GAF 












ACS 


ACY, 


ATL 


GAF 






ACY 


GAF. 










ACS 












DUP 












ACY 


DUP. 










ACS 












FH. 












ACY 












ACY 












AAP 


ACY, 


DSC 


DUP, 


PAT. 




ATL 


PSC. 










GAF 












GAF 












ACY 


DUP, 


FH, 


GAF, 


PAT, SDH. 




AAP 


ACS, 


ACY, 


PSC 






ACS 












DUP 


GAF. 










GAF 












GAF 












DSC 












ACY 


DSC, 


DUP 


GAF 






AAP 


GAF, 


ICl 








ACS 












DSC 


DUP. 










ACS 












ACS 












ACS 


ACY. 










ACY 












ACY 












ACY 












ACY 












ACY 












AAP 


ACY, 


ATL, 


DSC 


DUP, PAT. 




ACS 


ACY, 


DSC 


DUP 






DSC 












ATL 


HSH, 


ICI 








AAP 


ICI. 










ACS 












AAP 


DSC, 


PAT. 









DYES 



85 



Table 2. — Dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Dye 



SOLVENT DYES--Continued 

Solvent blue dyes; 

Solvent Blue 3 

Solvent Blue 4 

Solvent Blue 5 

Solvent Blue 6 

Solvent Blue 7 

Solvent Blue 9 

Solvent Blue 11 

Solvent Blue 12 

Solvent Blue 16 

Solvent Blue 36 

Solvent Blue 37 

♦Solvent Blue 38 

Solvent Blue 43 

Solvent Blue 58 

Solvent Blue 59 

Solvent Blue 60 

Solvent Blue 74 

Other solvent blue dyes 

Solvent green dyes : 

Solvent Green 1 

Solvent Green 2 

*Solvent Green 3 

Other solvent green dyes 

Solvent brown dyes : 

Solvent Brown 11 

♦Solvent Brown 12 

Solvent Brown 19 

Solvent Brown 20 

Solvent Brown 22 

Solvent Brown 38 

Other solvent brown dyes 

Solvent black dyes : 

Solvent Black 3 

Solvent Black 5 

Solvent Black 7 

Solvent Black 12 

Solvent Black 13 

Solvent Black 17 

Solvent Black 26 

Other solvent black dyes 

SULFUR DYES 

Sulfur yellow dyes: 

Leuco Sulfur Yellow 1 

Leuco Sulfur Yellow 2 

Sulfur Yellow 4 

Leuco Sulfur Yellow 4 

Leuco Sulfur Yellow 9 

Leuco Sulfur Yellow 15 

Other Sulfur yellow dyes 

Sulfur Orange 1 

Sulfur red dyes : 

Leuco Sulfur Red 5 

Sulfur Red 6 

Other sulfur red dyes 

Sulfur blue dyes: 

Sulfur Blue 5 

Sulfur Blue 7 

Leuco Sulfur Blue 7 

Solubilized Sulfur Blue 7 

Sulfur Blue 8 

Leuco Sulfur Blue 8 

Sulfur Blue 9 

Leuco Sulfur Blue 13 

Sulfur Blue 16 

Other sulfur blue dyes 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



ACY, 


SW. 








DSC, 


DUP 


SDH. 






DSC. 










DSC. 










ACY. 










GAP. 










BOO, 


GAP, 


ICl. 






BDO. 










ACS. 










ACS, 


DUP. 








DUP. 










ACS, 


ACY 


ATL, 


DUP, 


GAP. 


ACS. 










ACY. 










ACY. 










ACY. 










ACS. 










AAP, 


ACY, 


DSC, 


GAP, 


ICI, PAT, SDH 


ACY, 


DSC 


SDH. 






GAP. 










AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY, 


ATL, 


GAP, HSH, ICI 


ACY, 


DSC, 


GAP. 






GAP. 










ACY, 


DSC, 


GAP. 






DUP. 










ACY, 


DUP. 








DUP, 


PH, 


PSC. 






ACY. 










DSC. 










ACS. 










ACS, 


ACY, 


DSC, 


DUP. 




ACS, 


ACY, 


DSC, 


PH. 




ACS. 










ACS. 










DUP. 










ACY. 
DSC. 











SDC. 




ACY, 


SDC. 


SDC. 




SDC. 




STC. 




ACY. 




ACY, 


SDC. 


STC. 




SDC. 




SDC. 




SDC. 




ACY. 




ACY, 


SDC. 


ACY, 


SDC, STC 


SDC. 




SDC. 




SDC. 




ACY. 




ACY, 


SDC. 



86 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



Table 2. — Dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3] 



SULFUR DYES- -Continued 

Sulfur green dyes : 

Sulfur Green 2 

Leuco Sulfur Green 2 

Leuco Sulfur Green 3 

Leuco Sulfur Green 9 

Sulfur Green 14 

Leuco Sulfur Green 16 

Solubllized Sulfur Green 16 

Other sulfur green dyes 

Sulfur brown dyes : 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 1 

Solubilized Sulfur Brown 1 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 3 

Sulfur Brown 10 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 10 

Solubilized Sulfur Brown 10 

Sulfur Brown 12 

Sulfur Brown 14 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 14 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 20 

Solubilized Sulfur Brown 21 

Sulfur Brown 25 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 26 

Sulfur Brown 30 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 37 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 81 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 82 

Other sulfur brown dyes 

Sulfur black dyes: 

Sulfur Black 1 

Leuco Sulfur Black 1 

Solubilized Sulfur Black 1 

Sulfur Black 2 

Leuco Sulfur Black 2 

Solubilized Sulfur Black 2 

Leuco Sulfur Black 10 

Sulfur Black 11 

Leuco Sulfur Black 11 

Other sulfur black dyes 

VAT DYES 

*Vat yellow dyes : 

Vat Yellow 1, 12-1/2% 

*Vat Yellow 2, 8-1/2% 

Solubilized Vat Yellow 2, 25% 

Vat Yellow 3, 12-1/2% 

*Vat Yellow 4, 12-1/2% 

Solubilized Vat Yellow 4, 37-1/2%— 

Vat Yellow 10, 10% 

Vat Yellow 14, 12-1/2% 

Vat Yellow IS, 11-1/2% 

Vat Yellow 21, 9-1/2% 

Vat Yellow 22, 10% 

Vat Yellow 33, 15% 

Other vat yellow dyes 

*Vat orange dyes : 

*Vat Orange 1, 20% 

Solubilized Vat Orange 1, 26% 

*Vat Orange 2, 12% 

Vat Orange 3, 13-1/2% 

Vat Orange 4, 6% 

Vat Orange 5, 10% 

Solubilized Vat Orange 5, 30% 

Vat Orange 7, 11% 

*Vat Orange 9, 12% 



SDC. 




SDC. 




SDC 




STC. 




DUP, 


SDC. 


SDC. 




SDC. 




ACY, 


SDC. 


STC. 




STC. 




SDC. 




DUP, 


SDC. 


SDC. 




SDC. 




SDC. 




SDC. 




ACY, 


SDC. 


STC. 




STC. 




ACY. 




STC. 




ACY. 




SDC. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




ACY, 


SDC. 


ACY, 


SDC. 


ACY, 


SDC, STC 


SDC, 


STC. 


SDC. 




ACY, 


SDC. 


SDC. 




ACY. 




SDC. 




SDC. 




SDC. 





ACS. 
AAP, 
GAP. 
DUP. 
ATL, 
GAP. 
GAP. 
TRC. 
ACY, 
ATL. 
DUP. 
TRC, 
ACS, 



ACS, GAP, HST, ICl, TRC, VPC. 
CMG, GAP, HST, VPC. 

DUP. 



VPC. 

GAP, MAY, VPC. 



ACS, ACY, ATL, DUP, GAP, HST, ICl, TRC, VPC. 

HST. 

ACS, ACY, DUP, GAP, ICl, TRC. 

CMG, DUP, GAP. 

ACY, DUP. 

ACY, HST. 

HST. 

GAP, HST, TRC. 

ACY, DUP, GAP, ICl, TRC. 



DYES 



87 



Table 2. --Dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Dye 



VAT DYES— Continued 

*Vat orange dyes--Continued 

Vat Orange 11, 6% 

*Vat Orange 15, 10% 

Vat Orange 24 

Other vat orange dyes 

*Vat red dyes : 

*Vat Red 1, 13% 

Solubilized Vat Red 1, 37% 

Vat Red 10, 18% 

Vat Red 12, 8-1/2 

*Vat Red 13, 11% 

Vat Red 14, 10% 

Vat Red 15, 10% 

Vat Red 16, 11% 

Vat Red 23 

*Vat Red 32, 20% 

Vat Red 35, 12-1/2% 

Vat Red 41, 20% 

Vat Red 52, 10% 

Vat Red 56, 15-1/2% 

Vat Red 57 

Other vat red dyes 

*Vat violet dyes: 

*Vat Violet 1, 11% 

Vat Violet 2, 20% 

Vat Violet 3, 15% 

*Vat Violet 9, 12% 

*Vat Violet 13, 6-1/4% 

Vat Violet 14, 12-1/2% 

Vat Violet 17, 12-1/2% 

Vat Violet 21 

Other vat violet dyes 

*Vat blue dyes: 

Vat Blue 1, 20% 

Solubilized Vat Blue 1, 25% 

Vat Blue 3, 16% 

*Vat Blue 4, 10% 

Vat Blue S, 16% 

Solubilized Vat Blue 5, 38% 

*Vat Blue 6, 8-1/3% 

Solubilized Vat Blue 6, 17-1/2% 

Solubilized Vat Blue 9, 35% 

Vat Blue 12, 6-1/2% 

Vat Blue 14, 8-1/3% 

Vat Blue 16, 16-1/2% 

*Vat Blue 18, 13% 

Vat Blue 20, 14% 

Vat Blue 26, 24% 

Vat Blue 29 

Vat Blue 39, 12% 

Vat Blue 43 — 

Vat Blue 53, 20-1/2% 

Vat Blue 60 

Other vat blue dyes. 

*Vat green dyes : 

*Vat Green 1, 6% 

Solubilized Vat Green 1, 12-1/2% 

*Vat Green 3, 10% — 

Solubilized Vat Green 3, 26% 

Vat Green 8, 8-1/2% 

*Vat Green 9, 12-1/2% 

Vat Green 20, 6% 

Other vat green dyes 

*Vat brown dyes : 

*Vat Brown 1, 11% 

Solubilized Vat Brown 1, 17% 

*Vat Brown 3, 11% 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



DUP 
















MP 


ACS 


ACY 


, GAF 


, ICI 


, TRC 


, VPC 




DUP 
















GAF 


SDC 














AAP 


ACY 


HST 


TCI 










GAF 


HST 














ACS 


GAF 














DUP 
















DUP 


GAF 


TRC 












GAF 


HST 














GAF 


HST 


TRC 












DUP 
















DUP 
















ACS 


DUP 


GAF 












ACS 
















HST 
















DUP. 
















ACY 
















ACY. 
















GAF, 


TRC. 














ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF 


ICI 


TRC 








ACY, 


HST. 














GAF, 


HST. 














DUP, 


GAF, 


ICI, 


TRC 










ACS, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


ICI 


TRC 








ACS. 
















DUP. 
















VPC. 
















GAF, 


MAY. 














ACS. 
















GAF. 
















HST. 
















ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF. 












ATL, 


DUP, 


HST. 












GAF. 
















ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


ICI, 


TRC. 






GAF, 


HST. 














GAF. 
















DUP. 
















DUP, 


GAF, 


TRC. 












ACY, 


DUP. 














AAP, 


ACY, 


ATL, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


ICI, 


MAY, 


TRC. 


AAP, 


ACY, 


ATL, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


MAY, 


SDC, 


TRC. 


GAF. 
















GAF. 
















GAF. 
















SDC. 
















GAF. 
















DUP. 
















GAF, 


MAY, 


X. 












ACS, 


ACY, 


ATL, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


TCT, 


MAY. 




ICI. 
















AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY, 


ATL, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


ICI, 


MAY, TRC 


GAF, 


ICI. 














ACS, 


ATL, 


DUP, 


GAF. 










ACY, 


ATL, 


GAF, 


MAY, 


SDC, 


TRC. 






DUP. 
















GAF, 


MAY, 


SDC. 












ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


MAY, 


TRC, 


VPC. 






GAF. 
















AAP, 


ACS, 


ACY, 


DUP, 


GAF, 


ICI, 


MAY, 


TRC, VPC 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



Table 2. — Dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



VAT DYES --Continued 

*Vat brown dyes — Continued 

Vat Brown 5, 13% 

Vat Brown 6, 17-1/2% 

Vat Brown 11, 12% 

Vat Brown 12, 12-1/2% 

Vat Brown 13, 17% 

Vat Brown 14, 12% 

Vat Brown 20, 10-1/2% 

Vat Brown 28, 22% 

Vat Brown 29, 13% 

Vat Brown 31, 28% 

Vat Brown 38, 20% 

Vat Brown 40, 14% 

Vat Brown 57, 12.8% 

Other vat brown dyes 

*Vat black dyes : 

Solubilized Vat Black 1, 27-1/2% 

Vat Black 9, 16% 

Vat Black 11, 17-1/2% 

Vat Black 13, 14% 

Vat Black 14, 11-1/2% 

Vat Black 18, 15-1/2% 

Vat Black 21, 18-1/2% 

Vat Black 22, 19% 

*Vat Black 25, 12-1/2% 

*Vat Black 27, 12-1/2% 

Vat Black 34, 16% 

Vat Black 37 

Vat Black 38, 20% 

Vat Black 52, 18-1/2% 

Other vat black dyes 

All other dyes 



ACY, HST, VPC. 

AAP. 

MAY, TRC. 

DUP. 

MAY. 

HST. 

ACS, GAP. 

ICl. 

ACY. 

AAP. 

ICl. 

DUP. 

TRC. 

GAP, SDC, VPC. 



HST. 
GAP, 
ACY. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
GAP. 
ACY. 
ACY, 
AAP, 
ACY, 
ICl. 
GAP. 
GAP. 
ACY. 
GAP, 
ACY, 



TRC. 

ACY, DUP, GAP ,^ ICl, MAY, TRC. 

BDO, DUP, GAP,' ICl, MAY, TRC. 



SDC, TRC. 

GAP, HSH, PAT, SDC. 



DYES 



89 



Table 3. --Dyes: Directory of manufacturers, 1970 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 



[Names of dye manufacturers that reported production or sales to the U.S. Tariff Commission for 1970 are listed below 
in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



Code 




Code 




identi- 


Name of company 


identi- 


Name of company 


fication 




fication 




AAP 


American Aniline Products, Inc. 


ICC 


Inmont Corp. 


ACS 


Allied Chemical Corp., Specialty Chemicals 

Div. 
American Cyanamid Co. 


ICI 


ICI America, Inc. 


ACY 


KON 


H. Kohnstamm § Co., Inc. 


ALL 


Alliance Chemical, Inc. 






ALT 


Crompton 5 Knowles Corp., Althouse Div. 


MAY 


Otto B. May, Inc. 


ATL 


Atlantic Chemical Corp. 


MRX 


Max Marx Color § Chemical Co. 


BAS 


BASF Wyandotte Corp. 


PAT 


Morton International, Inc., Morton Chemical 


BDO 


Benzenoid Organics, Inc. 




Co. Div. 


BUC 


Blackman-Dhler Chemical Co. 


PCW 


Pfister Chemical Works 






PDC 


Berncolors-Poughkeepsie, Inc. 


CCW 


Cincinnati Milacron Chemicals, Inc. 


PSC 


Passaic Color 5 Chemical Co. 


CGY 


Ciba-Geigy Corp. 






CMC 


Nyanza, Inc. 


S 


Sandoz, Inc., Sandoz Color 5 Chemicals Div. 


CPC 


Childs Pulp Colors, Inc. 


SDC 


Martin-Marietta Corp., Southern Dyestuff 


CWN 


Upjo'hn Co., Carwin Organic Chemicals 




Co. Div. 






SDH 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Hilton-Davis Chemical 


DSC 


Dye Specialties, Inc. 




Co. Div. 


DUP 


E . I . duPont de Nemours 5 Co . , Inc . 


SNA 


Sun Chemical Corp., Ansbacher-Siegle Div. 






STC 


Sou-Tex Chemical Co., Inc. 


EKT 


Eastman Kodak Co., Tennessee Eastman 


STG 


Stange Co. 




Co. Div. 


SW 


Sherwin-Williams Co. 


FAB 


Fabricolor Manufacturing Corp. 


TCD 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc., Tenneco Colors Div. 


FH 


Foster-Heaton Co. 


TMS 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Thomasset Colors Div. 






TRC 


Toms River Chemical Corp. 


GAF 


GAF Corp., Chemical Div. 










VPC 


Verona Corp. 


HSC 


Chemetron Corp., Pigments Div. 






HSH 


Harshaw Chemical Co. Div. of Kewanee 
Oil Co. 


WJ 


Warner-Jenkinson Manufacturing Co. 


HST 

HP 


American Hoechst Corp. 


YAW 


Young Aniline Works, Inc. 



Note. — For complete 



ss and addresses of the above reporting companies, refer to table 1 in the Appendix. 



ORGANIC PIGMENTS 91 



As the terms are used in this report, organic pigments are toners and 
lakes derived in whole or in part from benzenoid chemicals and colors . They 
are used in paints and related products, in printing inks, and in plastics 
and resin materials. 

Statistics on production and sales o£ all organic pigments in 1970 are 
given in table 1. If Statistics on sales of a few selected pigments by com- 
mercial forms (dry full-strength form, dry extended form, dry dispersions, 
aqueous dispersions, and flushed colors) are given in table lA. Individiual 
toners and lakes are identified in this report by the names used in the second 
edition of the Colour Index. 

Total production of organic pigments in 1970 was 56.5 million pounds--7.4 
percent less than the 61.0 million pounds produced in 1969 and 5.2 percent 
more than the 53.7 million pounds produced in 1968. Total sales of organic 
pigments in 1970 amounted to 47.2 million pounds, valued at $123.0 million, 
compared with 50.8 million pounds, valued at $133.1 million, in 1969 and 45.8 
million pounds, valued at $119.9 million, in 1968. In terms of quantity, 
sales of organic pigments in 1970 were 7.1 percent less than in 1969 and 3.0 
percent greater than in 1968; in terms of value, sales in 1970 were 7.6 per- 
cent less than in 1969 and 2.5 percent greater than in 1968. 

Production of toners in 1970 amounted to 52.5 million pounds--8.3 percent 
less than the 57.3 million pounds reported for 1969. Sales in 1970 were 43.8 
million pounds, valued at $119.4 million, compared with 47.4 million pounds, 
valued at $129.3 million, in 1969. Sales in 1970 were thus 7.6 percent less 
than those in 1969 in terms of quantity, and 7.7 percent less in terms of 
value. The individual toners listed in the report which were produced in the 
largest quantities in 1970 were Pigment Yellow 12, 5.1 million pounds; Pigment 
Blue 19, 4.6 million pounds; and Pigment Blue 15, beta form, 4.2 million pounds, 

Production of lakes totaled 4.0 million pounds in 1970--7.5 percent more 
than the 3.7 million pounds reported for 1969. Sales of lakes in 1970 amount- 
ed to 3.4 million pounds, valued at $3.6 million, compared with sales in 1969 
of 3.4 million pounds, valued at $3.8 million. Sales in 1970 were thus equal 
to those in 1969 in terms of quantity, and 5.9 percent less in terms of value. 

For each of 15 selected pigments, or groups of pigments, table lA gives 
data on sales by commercial forms. Pigment Yellow 12, Pigment Red 90, and 
Pigment Blue 19 were sold principally in the flushed form. The remaining 12 
pigments, or groups of pigments, for which statistics are published were sold 
principally in the dry full-strength form. Statistics on sales by commercial 
forms could not be published for Pigment Red 49, sodium toner, without reveal- 
ing the operations of individual companies . 



1/ See also table 2 which lists these products and identifies the manu- 
facturers by code. These codes are given in table 3. 



92 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE L --Organic pigments: U.S. production and sales, 1970 

[Listed below are all organic pigments for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders 
are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were reported.) 
Table 2 lists all organic pigments for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufac- 
turers of each] 



Pigment 



Quantity 



1,000 
pounds 



Grand total 

TONERS 
Total 

Yellow toners, total 

Acetoacetarylide yellows, total 

Pigment Yellow 1, C.I. 11 680 

Pigment Yellow 3, C.I. 11 710 

Pigment Yellow 4, C.I. 11 665 

Pigment Yellow 74, C.I. 11 741 

Other acetoacetarylide yellows 

Benzidine yellows, total 

Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090 

Pigment Yellow 13, C.I. 21 100 

Pigment Yellow 14, C.I. 21 095 

Pigment Yellow 17, C.I. 21 105 

Other benzidine yellows 

All other 

Orange toners, total 

Pigment Orange 5, C.I. 12 075 

Pigment Orange 13, C.I. 21 110 

Pigment Orange 16, C.I. 21 160 

Pigment Orange 34, C.I. 21 115 

All other 

Red toners, total 

Naphthol reds, total 

Pigment Red 2, C.I. 12 310 

Pigment Red 5, C.I. 12 490 

Pigment Red 17, C.I. 12 390 

Pigment Red 18, C.I. 12 350 

Pigment Red 22, C.I. 12 315 

Pigment Red 23, C.I. 12 355 

Other naphthol reds 

Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, dark 

Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, light 

Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120 

Pigment Red 4, C.I. 12 085 

Pigment Red 6, C.I. 12 090 

Pigment Red 38, C.I. 21 120 

Pigment Red 48, C.I. 15 865 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630: 

Barium toner 

Calcium toner 

Sodium toner 

Pigment Red 52, C.I. 15 860 

Pigment Red 53, C.I. 15 585, barium toner- 
Pigment Red 54, C.I. 14 830, calcium toner 
Pigment Red 57, C.I. 15 850, calcium toner 

Pigment Red 63, C.I. 15 880 

Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PMA 

Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PTA 

Pigment Red 90, C.I. 45 380 

All other 

Violet toners, total 

Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, PMA 

Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, PTA 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, fugitive--- 



52,547 



1,379 
427 
198 

282 

472 

8,489 

5,100 

439 

1,866 

444 

640 

370 

828 



231 
135 
280 
83 



21,678 



53 

87 
152 
250 
117 
105 
1,656 
176 

92 
2,904 

4,021 

1,431 

189 

1,890 

2,176 

87 

1,176 

38 

509 

101 

1,754 

2,588 



2,252 



109 
561 



1,000 
pounds 



47,166 



1,092 

359 

109 

22 

228 

374 

6,201 

3,634 

1,485 

294 
788 
130 

912 



313 
133 
270 



18,472 



150 
152 
93 
106 
1,395 
184 



2,567 

3,931 
1,279 
191 
1,731 
1,943 
73 
1,013 



978 
1,761 



2,131 



1,000 
dollars 



20,410 



2,779 

737 

252 

50 

745 

995 

16,072 

7,924 

3,669 

878 

3,601 

1,559 

2,494 



527 
453 
750 
291 
473 

36,570 



1,965 
122 
240 
155 
33 
265 
508 
642 
129 
144 

2,362 
298 
66 
460 

4,796 

4,443 
1,511 

236 
2,779 
2,768 

165 

1,617 

73 

2,419 

583 
1,979 
7,777 

13,855 



385 
524 
768 



6.72 
1.44 



See footnotes at end of table. 



ORGANIC PIGMENTS 



93 



TABLE I. --Organic pigments: U.S. production and sales, 1970- -Continued 



Pigment 



TONERS--Continued 

Violet toners--Continued 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, PMA 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, PTA 

Pigment Violet 23, C.I. 51 319 

All other 

Blue toners, total 

Pigment Blue 1, C.I. 42 595, PMA 

Pigment Blue 1, C.I. 42 595, PTA 

Pigment Blue 14, C.I. 42 600, PMA 

Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, alpha form 

Pigment Blue IS, C.I. 74 160, beta form 

Pigment Blue 19, C.I. 42 750A 

Pigment Blue 22, C.I. 69 810 

Pigment Blue 25, C.I. 21 180 

All other 

Green toners, total 

Pigment Green 1, C.I. 42 040, PMA 

Pigment Green 1, C.I. 42 040, PTA 

Pigment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and 49 005, PMA- 
Pigment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and 49 005, PTA- 

Pigment Green 7, C.I. 74 260 

Pigment Green 8, C.I. 10 006 

Pigment Green 10, C.I. 12 775 

Pigment Green 36, C.I. 74 265 

All other 

Brown toners, total 

Pigment Brown 5, C.I. 15 800 

All other 

Black toners 

LAKES 

Total 

Red lakes : 

Pigment Red 60, C.I. 16 105 

Pigment Red 83, C.I. 58 000 

(Acid Red 26), C.I. 16 150 

Violet lakes: Pigment Violet 5, C.I. 58 055--- 

All other lakes^ 



1,000 
pounds 



442 
62 
203 
875 



216 

6 

117 

3,581 

4,204 

4,596 

26 

191 

277 

3,976 



60 

55 

,143 

153 

205 
348 



3,977 



277 
49 
223 

102 

3,326 



Quantity 



1,000 
pounds 



187 
786 



11.122 



157 

5 

101 

3,208 

3,494 

3,797 

18 

186 

156 



54 
44 
2,653 
129 
177 
174 
100 

100 



272 

46 

225 

108 

2,761 



1,000 
dollars 



1,245 



3,122 
7,811 



35,113 



743 

31 

482 

9,894 

11,209 

8,837 

306 

576 

1,035 

12,411 



56 

96 

311 

175 

9,433 

170 

1,077 

663 

430 

224 



3,612 



495 
170 
110 

254 

2,583 



' Calculated from rounded figures. 

Includes all black, blue, green, orange, yellow lakes, "all other" red, and "all other" violet lakes. 

Note. --The C.I. (Colour Jndex^ numbers shown in this report are the identifying numbers given in the second 
edition of the Colour Index. 

The abbreviations PMA and PTA stand for phosphomolybdic and phosphotungstic Cincluding phosphotungstomolybdic) 
acids, respectively. 



462-669 O - 72 - 7 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE lA.- 



■U.S. sales of selected dry full-strength colors, dry extended colors, dry dispersions,^ 
aqueous dispersions, and flushed colors, 1970 



Selected pigments by commercial forms 



Quantity 



Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Dry e.xtended toner, dry dispersions, and aqueous dispersions^ '' 

Flushed color 

Pigment Yellow 13, C.I. 21 100; Pigment Yellow 14, C.I. 21 095; Pigment Yellow 17 

C.I. 21 105; and other benzidine yellows, total 

Dry full-strength toner, dry e.xtended toner, and dry dispersions'" 

Aqueous dispersions' 

Flushed color 

Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120, total 

Dry full-strength toner and dry extended toner" 

Aqueous dispersions^ 

Flushed color 

Pigment Red 48, C.I. 15 865, total 

Dry full-strength toner, dry extended toner, and dry dispersions'* 

Aqueous dispersions' 

Flushed color 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630, barium toner, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Dry dispersion and aqueous dispersion' * 

Flushed color 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630, calcium toner, total 

Dry full-strength toner and dry dispersions'* 

Aqueous dispersions' and flushed color'* 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630, sodium toner"* 

Pigment Red 53, C.I. 15 585, barium toner, total 

Dry full-strength toner, dry extended toner, and dry dispersions" 

Aqueous dispersions' and flushed color" 

Pigment Red 90, C.I. 45 380, total 

Dry full-strength toner, dry extended toner, and dry dispersions" 

Flushed color 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, fugitive, total 

Dry full -strength toner 

Dry extended toner and flushed color' 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, PMA, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Dry extended toner, dry dispersion and aqueous dispersions' " 

Flushed color 

Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, alpha form, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Dry extended toner 

Dry dispersions 

Aqueous dispersions' 

Flushed color 



1,000 



5,634 



963 

114 

!,557 



2,567 



1,000 
dollars 



8,168 



2,076 

248 

5,844 



8.183 



6,127 

1,416 

640 



2,567 



;,421 
91 



1,535 
146 
758 

4,796 



4,563 
119 
114 



1,279 



1,105 
174 



1,943 



1,166 

777 



119 
859 



1,627 



1,307 
320 



1,652 
1,159 



278 
255 



3,208 



1,710 
188 

143 
765 
402 



246 
1,849 



442 
326 



1,336 



966 
127 
243 

9,957 



5,741 

660 

464 

1,781 

1,311 



See footnotes at end of table. 



ORGANIC PIGMENTS 



95 



TABLE IA.--U.S. sales of selected dry full- strength colors, dry extended colors, dry dispersions, 
aqueous dispersions, and flushed colors, 1970- -Continued 



Selected pigments by conmercial forms 



Quantity' 



Unit 
value^ 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



Pigment Blue IS, C.I. 74 160, beta form, total 

Dry full-strength toner, dry extended toner and dry dispersions 

Aqueous dispersions^ 

Flushed color 

Pigment Blue 19, C.I. 42 750A, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Aqueous dispersions' 

Flushed color 

Pigment Green 7, C.I. 74 260, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Dry extended toner 

Aqueous dispersions^ 

Dry dispersions and flushed color'' 



1,812 

403 

1,279 



6,243 
1,159 
4,145 



483 

318 

2,996 

2,653 



1,203 
746 



9,434 



1,082 
434 
857 
280 



4,048 
1,714 
2,572 
1,100 



Per 
pound 



3.24 



2.33 
2.49 
2.35 
2.30 



3.56 



3.74 
3. 95 
3.00 
3.93 



^ Quantity of the various commercial forms is given in terms of dry full-strength toner (or dry lake) content. 
^ Calculated from rounded figures . 
' Includes presscake. 

'* Separate data on these commercial forms may not be published without revealing the operations of individual 
companies. 

Note.— The C.I. (Colour Index) numbers shown in this report are the identifying numbers given in the second 
edition of the Colour Index. 

The abbreviations PMA and PTA stand for phosphomolybdic and phosphotungstic [including phosphotungstomolybdic) 
acids, respectively. 



96 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. — Organic pigments for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 

[Organic pigments for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an asterisk (*); products 
not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be pub- 
lished. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 3. An x signifies that the manufac- 
turer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Pigment 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



TONERS 

*Yellow toners: 

*Acetoacetarylide yellows: 

♦Pigment Yellow 1, C.I. 11 680 

♦Pigment Yellow 3, C.l. 11 710 

♦Pigment Yellow 4, C.l. 11 665 

Pigment Yellow 5, C.l. 11 660 

Pigment Yellow 6, C.I. 11 670 

Pigment Yellow 9, C.I. 11 720 

Pigment Yellow 49, C.I. 11 765 

Pigment Yellow 73 

♦Pigment Yellow 74, C.I. 11 741 

Pigment Yellow 75 

All other acetoacetarylide yellows--- 
♦Benzidine yellows: 

♦Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090 

♦Pigment Yellow 13, C.I. 21 100 

♦Pigment Yellow 14, C.I. 21 095 

♦Pigment Yellow 17, C.I. 21 105 

Pigment Yellow 76 

Pigment Yellow 83 

Pigment Yellow 97 

All other benzidine yellows 

Pigment Yellow 10, C.I. 12 710 

Pigment Yellow 11, C.I. 10 235 

Pigment Yellow 18, C.I. 49 005 

Pigment Yellow 19 

Pigment Yellow 60, C.I. 12 705 

Pigment Yellow 108, C.I. 68 420 

Pigment Yellow 110 

Pigment Yellow 112 C.I. 70 600 

[Basic Yellow 2), C.I. 41 000 fugitive 

All other 

♦Orange toners : 

Pigment Orange 1, C.I. 11 725 

Pigment Orange 2, C.I. 12 060 

Pigment Orange 4 

♦Pigment Orange 5, C.I. 12 075 

♦Pigment Orange 13, C.I. 21 110 

Pigment Orange 15, C.I. 21 130 

♦Pigment Orange 16, C.I. 21 160 

♦Pigment Orange 34, C.I. 21 115 

Pigment Orange 43, C.I. 71 105 

CVat Orange 2), C.I. 59 705 

(Vat Orange 4), C.I. 59 710 

CVat Orange 15), C.I. 69 025 

All other 

♦Red toners : 
♦Naphthol reds: 

♦Pigment Red 2, C.I. 12 310 

♦Pigment Red 5, C.I. 12 490 

Pigment Red 9, C.I. 12 460 

Pigment Red 10, C.I. 12 440 

Pigment Red 13, C.I. 12 395 



ACS, ACY, AMS, CPC, DUP, GAF , HSC, HSH, ICI, IMP, 

KON, S, SDH, SNA, SW. 

ACS, HSH, IMP, KCW, KON, PPG, S, SW. 

ACS, HSC, SNA. 
IMP. 

CIK, IMP. 
SNA. 

ICI, IMP. 

ACS, SNA, X. 

DUP, HSC, IMP, SDH, SW. 
IMP. 

DUP, KCW. 

ACS, ACY, AMS, APO, DUP, HSC, HSH, HST, ICC, IMP,' 

KON, LVY, MRX, ROM, S, SDH, SNA, SW. 

APO, BUC, GAF, HSC, HSH, HST, ICC, IMP, ROM, SDH, 

SNA, SW. 

ACS, ACY, AMS, BUC, CIK, CPC, DUP, GAF, HSC, HSH, 

HST, ICC, IMP, KON, ROM, S, SDH, SNA, SW, x. 

ACY, AMS, APO, BUC, GAF, HSC, HSH, ICC, IMP, ROM, 

SDH, SNA, SW. 

X. 

ACS, HST. 

HST. 

HSH, ICC, ROM, S, SW. 

SW. 

LVR. 

IMP. 

GAF. 

SW. 

ACS. 

ACS. 

ACS. 

LVR, MRX. 

ACS, ACY, ICC, IMP, S, SW, TRC . 

ACS. 

IMP, SNA, SW, UHL. 

SW. 

ACY, HSC, IMP, SNA, SW. 

ACS, ACY, AMS, IMP, KON, S, SNA, SW. 

ACS. 

ACS, DUP, GAF, HSC, HSH, HST, ICC, IMP, ROM, SDH, 

SNA, SW. 
BUC, ICC, ROM, SDH, SNA. 
ACS, GAF. 
GAF. 
ACS. 

ACS, TRC. 
GAF, KON, SNA. 



ACS, HSH, IMP, KCW, MRX, SW. 

DUP, GAF, HSH, ICC, ICI, IMP, ROM, S, SDH, SW. 

IMP. 

KCW. 

IMP, KCW, SW. 



ORGANIC PIGMENTS 



97 



TABLE 2. 



-Organic pigments for which U, S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Pigment 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



TONERS- -Continued 

*Red toners --Continued 
*Naphthol reds --Continued 

Pigment Red IS, C.I. 12 465 

♦Pigment Red 17, C.I. 12 390 

♦Pigment Red 18, C.I. 12 350 

♦Pigment Red 22, C.I. 12 315 

♦Pigment Red 23, C.I. 12 355 

Pigment Red 31, C.I. 12 360 

Pigment Red 112, C.I. 12 370 

All other naphthol reds 

♦Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, dark 

♦Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, light 

♦Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120 

♦Pigment Red 4, C.I. 12 085 

♦Pigment Red 6, C.I. 12 090 

♦Pigment Red 38, C.I. 21 120 

Pigment Red 41, C.I. 21 200 

♦Pigment Red 48, C.I. 15 865 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630: 
♦Barium toner 

♦Calcium toner 

♦Sodium toner 

♦Pigment Red 52, C.I. 15 860 

Pigment Red 53, C.I. 15 585: 
♦Barium toner 

Sodium toner 

♦Pigment Red 54, C.I. 14 830, calcium toner- 
Pigment Red 55, C.I. 15 820 

♦Pigment Red 57, C.I. 15 850, calcium toner- 
Pigment Red 58, C.I. 15 825 

♦Pigment Red 63, C.I. 15 880 

Pigment Red 64, C.I. 15 800 

Pigment Red 77, C.I. 15 826 

Pigment Red 79, PMA 

Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, fugitive 

♦Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PMA 

♦Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PTA 

Pigment Red 87, C.I. 73 310 

Pigment Red 88 

♦Pigment Red 90, C.I. 45 380 

Pigment Red 91 

Pigment Red 92 

Pigment Red 94 

Pigment Red 122 

Pigment Red 123, C.I. 71 145 

Pigment Red 168, C.I. 59 300 

Pigment Red 177 

Pigment Red 179, C.I. 71 130- 

Pigment Red 190, C.I. 71 140 

(Basic Red 2), C.I. 50 240 

All other 

♦Violet toners: 

Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, fugitive 

♦Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, PMA 

♦Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, PTA 

♦Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, fugitive 

♦Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, PMA 



DUP. 

ACY, ICC, IMP, SNA, SW, UHL. 

ACS, IMP, SW. 

ACY, DUP, GAP, IMP, MRX, ROM, SNA, SW. 

ACS, ACY, BUC, DUP, IMP, ROM, SDH, SNA. 

SNA. 

IMP. 

ICC, KCW, ROM, S, SDH, SNA, SW. 

ACY, AMS, HSC, HSH, IMP, KON, LVY, SW. 

ACY, HSC, HSH, IMP, PPG, SHD. 

ACY, CIK, CPC, DUP, HSC, HSH, IMP, KCW, KON, PPG, 

SDH, SNA, SW, UHL. 

ACY, AMS, HSC, IMP, KON, MRX, SNA, UHL. 

DUP, HSC, HSH, KCW, KON, SW. 

ACS, DUP, GAP, ICC, SNA, SW. 
ACS. 

ACS, ACY, AMS, DUP, GAP, HSC, HSH, ICC, IMP, KON, 

LVY, MRX, S, SNA, SW. 

ACY, AMS, CIK, HSC, IMP, KON, LVY, SDH, SNA, SW, 

UHL. 

ACY, AMS, CIK, HSC, IMP, LVY, PPG, SDH, SNA, SW. 

ACY, AMS, HSC, KON, SDH, SW. 

AMS, HSC, HSH, IMP, SNA, SW. 

ACY, AMS, CIK, HSC, IMP, KON, LVY, MGR, MRX, SDH, 

SNA, SW. 
KON. 

HSH, IMP, SDH. 
DUP, HSH. 
AMS, CIK, DUP, HSC, IMP, KON, LVY, MGR, SDH, SNA, 

SW. 
DUP, GAP, IMP. 

ACS, HSH, IMP, KON, SNA, SW. 
ACS. 
SW. 
GAP. 
SNA. 
CPC, DUP, GAP, IMP, KON, LVR, LVY, MGR, MRX, S, 

SNA, TCD, UHL. 
ACY, AMS, DUP, GAP, HSC, IMP, KCW, KON, LVR, MGR, 

MRX, S, SNA, UHL. 
ACS, TCD. 
ACS, SDH. 

AMS, ICC, IMP, LVR, LVY, SDH, SNA, TCD. 
TCD. 
TCD. 
TCD. 

ACS, ACY, SNA. 
ACS. 

ACS, TRC. 
TRC. 
ACS. 

ACS, GAP, HSC, SNA. 
GAP. 
ACS, DUP, HAM, HSC, SW, x. 

UHL. 

GAP, IMP, LVR, MGR, MRX, SNA, UHL. 
ACY, AMS, DUP, GAP, HSC, IMP, MGR, MRX, SNA. 
ACY, AMS, HSC, IMP, KON, LVY, MGR, UHL. 
AMS, CIK, DUP, GAP, HSC, IMP, KON, LVR, LVY, MGR, 
MRX, PPG, SDH, SNA, SW, UHL. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. --Organic pigments for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Pigment 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
Caccording to list in table 3) 



TONERS--Continued 



42 535, PTA- 



*Violet toners --Continued 
•Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 
Pigment Violet 5, C.I. 58 055 
Pigment Violet 19, C.I. 46 500 
♦Pigment Violet 23, C.I 
Pigment Violet 31, C.I 
Pigment Violet 36, C.I 
Pigment Violet 38, C.I 

All other 

*Blue toners: 

♦Pigment Blue 1, C.I. 42 595, PMA- 

*Pigment Blue 1, C.I. 42 595, PTA- 
Pigment Blue 2, C.I. 44 045, PMA- 
C.I. 42 025, PMA- 



51 319- 
60 010- 
73 385- 
73 395- 



Pigment Blue 9 
Pigment Blue 9 
Pigment Blue 10 
Pigment Blue 10 

♦Pigment Blue 14 
Pigment Blue 14 

♦Pigment Blue 15 



42 025, 
. 44 040 
. 44 040 
. 42 600 



PTA 

PMA 

PTA 

PMA 

42 600, PTA 

74 160, alpha form- 



*Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, beta form- 



♦Pigment Blue 19, C.I. 42 750A 

♦Pigment Blue 22, C.I. 69 810- 

♦Pigment Blue 25, C.I. 21 180- 
Pigment Blue 64, C.I. 69 825- 

(Basic Blue 2) 

All other 

♦Green toners : 

♦Pigment Green 1 

♦Pigment Green 1 

♦Pigment Green 2 

♦Pigment Green 2 
Pigment Green 4 
Pigment Green 4, C.I 
Pigment Green 4, C.I 

♦Pigment Green 7, C.I 



C.I. 



C.I. 



42 040, PMA 

42 040, PTA 

42 040 and 49 005, PMA- 
42 040 and 49 005, PTA- 

42 000, fugitive 

42 000, PMA 

42 000, PTA 

74 260 



♦Pigment Green 8, C.I. 10 006- 

♦Pigment Green 10, C.I. 12 775 

♦Pigment Green 36, C.I. 74 265 

Pigment Green 38 

'Brown toners : 

Pigment Brown 1, C.I 

Pigment Brown 2, C.I 

Pigment Brown 3, C.I 

Pigment Brown 3, C.I 

♦Pigment Brown 5, C.I 

Pigment Brown 28, C.I. 69 015 

All other 

♦Black toners: 

Pigment Black 1, C.I. 50 440- 

All other 



12 480 

12 071 

21 010, fugitive- 

21 010, PMA 

15 800 



LAKES 

Yellow lakes: 

(Acid Yellow 25^, C.I. 19 140 — 
(Acid Yellow 73), C.I. 45 3S0-- 

Orange lakes: 

Pigment Orange 7, C.I. 15 530-- 
Pigment Orange 17, C.I. 15 510- 
All other 



ACY, AMS, HSC, IMP, KON, MRX , SNA, SW, TCD. 

S. 

ACS, DUP, SNA. 

ACS, ACY, BUC, GAP, HST, ROM, SDC, SNA. 

DUP. 

ACS. 

ACS. 

BUC, ICC, IMP, ROM. 

DUP, GAP, IMP, KON, LVY, MGR, MRX, SNA, SW, TCD, 

UHL. 

AMS, GAP, IMP, KON, MGR, SNA. 
GAP. 

LVR, MRX. 

GAP, IMP, MGR. 

IMP, LVR, SDH. 
IMP. 

DUP, GAP, IMP, LVR. 

DUP, GAP. 

ACS, ACY, DUP, GAP, HSC, ICC, ICI, IMP, MGR, SNA, 

SW, TMS, TRC. 

ACS, ACY, AMS, BUC, DUP, GAP, HSC, ICC, IMP, LVY, 

ROM, SNA, SW, TMS. 

ACY, AMS, HSC, SW, TCD. 

ACS, DUP, TCD, TRC. 

ACS, DUP, GAP, ICC, S. 

ICI, TRC. 
IMP . 

DUP, GAP, S, SDH, TNI. 

GAP, IMP, MRX, S, UHL. 

ACY, IMP, MGR. 

GAP, IMP, KON, LVY, MGR, MRX, UHL. 

AMS, DUP, IMP, KON, LVY, MRX, S, SDH. 

GAP. 

GAP, KON, MGR. 

ACY, AMS, IMP, KON, MGR. 

ACS, ACY, CIK, DUP, GAP, HSC, IMP, SNA, SW, TMS, 

TRC. 

HSH, IMP, KCW.- 

DUP, HSC, IMP, SNA, SW. 

ACY, GAP, SNA. 

ACS, DUP. 

ICI. 

HSH. 

KON. 

KCW, KON. 

ACS, BUC, HSH, ICC, ROM, SNA. 

GAP, TRC. 

GAP, ICC, SDH. 

SNA. 

DUP, GAP, UHL. 



KON, MGR, MRX. 
TCD. 

CPC. 

IMP, KCW, KCN. 

HAM. 



ORGANIC PIGMENTS 



99 



TABLE 2. — Organic pigments for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Pigment 


Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 


LAKES— Continued 

Red lakes: 

^Pigment Red 60, C.I. 16 lOS 

'Pigment Red 83, C.I. 58 000 

(Acid Red 17), C.I. 16 180 

*(Acid Red 26), C.I. 16 150 


HSH, KON, MRX, SNA. 

HSH, IMP, KON, MRX, UHL. 

IMP. 

CPC, HAM, IMP, KCW. 

KON. 

KON. 

HAM, IMP. 

ACS, DUP, HSH, IMP, KON, UHL. 

SW. 

HAM. 

CPC, KCW. 

AMS, KON, LVY, SDH. 

LVR. 

CPC, KCW. 

IMP. 

CPC, KON. 
HAM. 


(Natural Red 4), C.I. 75 470 


Violet lakes: 

'Pigment Violet 5, C.I. 58 055 

Pigment Violet 20, C.I. 58 225 

All other 

Blue lakes: 

Pigment Blue 17, C.I. 74 180 

Pigment Blue 24, C.I. 42 090 

(Acid Blue 93), C.I. 42 780 

(Acid Blue 104), C.I. 42 735 

Green lakes 

Black lakes: 

(Natural Black 3), C.I. 75 291 





Note. --The C.I. (Colour Index) numbers shown in this report are the identifying codes given in the second edition of 
the Colour Index. 

When the name of a color is enclosed in parentheses, it indicates that this name is that of the dye from which the 
pigment can be made and that no name for the pigment itself is given in the Colour' Index. 

The abbreviations PMA and PTA stand for phosphomolybdic and phosphotungstic (including phosphotungstomolybdic) 
acid, respectively. 



100 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 

TABLE 3. --Organic pigments: Directory of manufacturers, 1970 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of organic pigment manufacturers that reported production or sales to the U.S. Tariff Commission for 1970 
are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



Code 




Code 




identi- 


Name of company 


identi- 


Name of company 


fication 




fication 




ACS 


Allied Chemical Corp., Specialty Chemicals 
Div. 


KON 


H. Kohnstamm § Co., Inc. 


ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. 


LVR 


C. Lever Co. , Inc. 


AMS 


Martin-Marietta Corp., Ridgway Color § 
Chemical Div. 


LVY 


Cities Service Co., Levey Div. 


APO 


Apollo Colors, Inc. 


MGR 


Magruder Color Co., Inc. 






MRX 


Max Marx Color § Chemical Co. 


BUC 


Blackman-Uhler Chemical Co. 










PPG 


PPG Industries, Inc. 


CIK 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc., Cal/Ink Div. 






CPC 


Childs Pulp Colors, Inc. 


ROM 


United Merchants 6 Manufacturers, Inc., 
Roma Chemical Div. 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours § Co., Inc. 










S 


Sandoz, Inc., Sandoz Color S Chemicals 


GAF 


GAF Corp., Chemical Div. 




Div. 






SDC 


Martin-Marietta Corp., Southern Dyestuff 


HAM 


Hampden Color 6 Chemical Co. 




Co. Div. 


HSC 


Chemetron Corp., Pigments Div. 


SDH 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Hilton-Davis 


HSH 


Harshaw Chemical Co. Div. of Kewanee 




Chemical Co. Div. 




Oil Co. 


SNA 


Sun Chemical Corp., Pigments Div. 


HST 


American Hoechst Corp. 


SW 


The Sherwin-Williams Co. 


ICC 


Inmont Corp . 


TCD 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc., Tenneco Colors 


ICI 


ICI America, Inc. 




Div. 


IMP 


Hercules, Inc., Imperial Color & Chemical 


TMS 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Thomasset Colors Div. 




Dept . 


TNI 


Gillette Co., Chemical Division 






TRC 


Toms River Chemical Corp. 


KCW 


Keystone Color Works, Inc. 










UHL 


Paul Uhlick & Co., Inc. 



Note. --For complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies, refer to table 1 in the Appendix. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 101 



Medicinal chemicals include the medicinal and feed grades of all 
organic chemicals having therapeutic value, whether obtained by chemical 
synthesis, by fermentation, by extraction from naturally occurring 
plant or animal substances, or by refining a technical grade product. 
They include antibiotics and other anti- infective agents, antihistamines 
autonomic drugs, cardiovascular agents, central nervous system depres- 
sants and stimulants, hormones and synthetic substitutes, vitamins, and 
other therapeutic agents for human or veterinary use and for animal feed 
supplements. 

Table 1 shows statistics for production and sales of medicinal 
chemicals grouped by pharmacological class, while table 2 lists sepa- 
rately each product for which data were reported and identifies the 
manufacturers.^ The statistics shown in table 1 are for bulk chemicals 
only; finished pharmaceutical preparations and products put up in pills, 
capsules, tablets, or other measured doses are excluded. The difference 
between production and sales reflects inventory changes, processing 
losses, and captive consumption of medicinal chemicals processed into 
ethical and proprietary pharmaceutical products by the primary manu- 
facurer. In some instances, the difference may also include quantities 
of medicinal grade products used as intermediates, e.g., penicillin G 
salts used as intermediates in the manufacture of semisynthetic peni- 
cillins. All quantities are given in terms of 100-percent content of 
the pure bulk drug. 

Total U.S. production of bulk medicinal chemicals in 1970 amounted 
to 214 million pounds, or 7.2 percent more than the 200 million pounds 
produced in 1969 and 21.0 percent more than the 177 million pounds pro- 
duced in 1968. Total sales of bulk medicinal chemicals in 3 970 amounted 
to 155 million pounds, valued at $510 million, compared with sales in 

1969 of 145 million pounds, valued at $462 million, and sales in 1968 
of 123 million pounds, valued at $415 million. In terms of quantity, 
sales in 1970 were thus 6.7 percent larger than in 1969 and 26.1 per- 
cent larger than in 1968. In terms of value, sales in 1970 were 10.4 
percent larger than in 1969 and 22.9 percent larger than in 1968. 

Production of the more important groups of medicinal chemicals in 

1970 was as follows: Antibiotics, 16.9 million pounds (28.3 percent 
larger than in 1969), of which 9.6 million pounds was for medicinal 

"^ See table 3 for a list of manufacturers and their identification 
codes . 

2 Complementary statistics on the dollar value of manufacturers' 
shipments of finished pharmaceutical preparations, except biologicals, 
are published annually by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of 
the Census, in Current Industrial Reports, Series MA-28G. Many pharma- 
ceutical manufacturers who report to the Bureau of the Census are ex- 
cluded from the Tariff Commission report because they are not primary 
producers of medicinal chemicals, that is, they do not themselves pro- 
duce the bulk drugs which go into their pharmaceutical products but 
purchase their drug requirements from domestic or foreign producers. 



102 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 

use and 7.3 million pounds was for other uses; anti-infective agents 
other than antibiotics, 34.0 million pounds (0.8 percent larger than 
in 1969); central nervous system depressants and stimulants, 49.9 mil- 
lion pounds (3.9 percent smaller); gastrointestinal agents, 62.5 million 
pounds (7.1 percent larger); and vitamins, 22.9 million pounds (29.9 
percent larger) . Production of some of the more important individiual 
products listed in table 1 was as follows: Choline chloride, 39.6 million 
pounds (6 percent smaller than in 1969); aspirin, 35.2 million pounds 
(6 percent smaller); salicylic acid, 14.1 million pounds (3 percent 
larger); ascorbic acid, 9.8 million pounds (41 percent larger); 
piperazine base and salts, 7.8 million pounds (2 percent smaller); 
anti-infective sulfonamides, 5.9 million pounds (21 percent larger); 
penicillins (except semi-synthetic), 3,760 trillion units (53 percent 
larger); tetracyclines, 2.3 million kilograms (13 percent larger); 
vitamin A, 1,274 trillion units (7 percent larger); and vitamin E, 600 
billion units (26 percent larger) . 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 
TABLE 1.- -Medicinal chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1970 



103 



ft 



[Listed below are all synthetic organic medicinal chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales may 
be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or 
where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists all medicinal chemicals for which data on production or sales were 
reported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



Quantity 



Grand total 

Acyclic 

Benzenoid' 

Cyclic nonbenzenoid"* 

Antibiotics, total ^ 

For medicinal use, total 

Antifungal and antitubercular antibiotics 

Bacitracin 

Penicillin G, potassium^ 

Penicillins^ (semi-synthetic), total 

Ampicillin 

All other 

Other antibiotics for medicinal use 

For other uses, total 

Bacitracin 

All other 

Antihistamines, total 

Antinauseants 

Chlorphenirajnine maleate 

All other 

Anti-infective agents (except antibiotics), total 

Antimony, bismuth, and mercury compounds 

Phenolic antiseptics and disinfectants 

Piperazine base and salts, total 

Piperazine 

All other 

Quinoline derivatives, total 

Diiodohydroxyquin 

Oxyquinoline benzoate 

All other 

Sulfonamides, total 

Phthalylsulfacetamide 

All other 

Other anti-infective agents, total 

Antibacterial agents and general antiseptics, total-- 

Antileprotic and antitubercular agents-r 

Urinary antiseptics, total 

Methenamine salts 

All other 

Other antibacterial agents and general antiseptics- 
Ant ifungal agents 

Antiprotozoan agents 

All other' 

Autonomic drugs, total 

Parasympatholytic (anticholinergic) quaternary ammonium 

compounds . 
Parasympatholytic (anticholinergic) tertiary amines 



1,000 
pounds 



214,471 



82,281 
111,440 
20,750 



9,638 

954 

15 

2,166 
883 
684 
199 

5,620 

7,301 
420 

6,881 

363 



33,984 



288 

450 

7,849 

3,817 

4,032 

377 

16 

3 

358 

5,943 

16 

5,927 

19,077 

2,682 

222 

599 

499 

100 

1,861 

8,962 
7,433 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dottars 



510 ,059 



67,206 
73,438 
13,870 

7,216 



44,705 
351.113 

114,241 



,934 
757 



3,163 

3,282 

389 

2,893 

187 



175 
23,871 



327 
5,184 
1,276 
3,908 

185 



1,643 
16,518 



811 
7,609 
7,597 



112,475 

11,567 

1,177 



99,731 

32,972 

6,118 

26,854 

7,003 



169 
6,834 



96,544 



528 
3,691 
1,030 
2,661 

930 



7,224 
84,133 



1,111 



605 
42,086 
40,331 



See footnotes at end of table. 



104 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 
TABLE 1. --Medicinal chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1970- -Continued 



Production' 



Quantity 



Autonomic drugs--Continued 

Sympathomimetic (adrenergic) agents, total 

Epinephrine hydrochloride (racemic) 

Phenylpropanolamine hydrochloride 

All other 

Other autonomic drugs 

Cardiovascular agents, total 

Vasodilators 

Other cardiovascular agents 

Central depressants and stimulants, total 

Amphetamines, total 

Amphetamine base and sulfate (racemic) 

All other 

Analgesics and antipyretics, total 

Aspirin 

Salicylates [except aspirin) 

_:^-, All other 

- Antidepressants 

Barbiturates 

Hydrocodone bitartrate 

Hypnotics and sedatives (except barbiturates) 

Skeletal muscle relaxants and tranquilizers, total 

Meprobamate 

All other 

Other central depressants and stimulants' 

Dermatological agents and local anesthetics, total-- 

Salicylic acid 

All other 

Diagnostic agents, total 

Roentgenographic contrast media 

All other 

Expectorants and mucolytic agents, total 

Ethylenediamine dihydr iodide 

All other 

Gastrointestinal agents, total 

Choleretics and hydrocholeretics 

Choline chloride (all grades) 

All other 

Hematological agents 

Hormones and synthetic substitutes, total 

Corticosteroids 

Synthetic hypoglycemic agents 

All other 

Renal-acting and edema-reducing agents, total 

Mercurial diuretics 

Theophylline derivatives 

All other 

Therapeutic nutrients, total 

Amino acids and salts 

Calcium salts 

Ferrous gluconate 

Other therapeutic nutrients 



1,000 
pounds 



292 
230 



1.391 



121 
1,270 



49,943 



34 

44 

43,457 

35,170 

2,741 

5,546 

159 

1,003 

') 

562 
1,206 

1,206 
3,478 



14,126 
1,478 



2,617 



1,224 
1,393 



124 
39,563 
22,793 



1,511 



1,269 
192 



1,463 



79 
1,384 



3,626 



2,159 
741 
591 
135 



1,000 
pounds 



302 
154 
20 



56 
27,294 



2,511 
24,783 



t») 



767 

561 

206 

2,783 

14,438 



13,710 
728 



2,481 



1,111 
1,370 



53,307 



67 
74 

2,497 



1,230 
763 



1,000 
dollars 



6,104 
83 
1,842 
4,179 
1,573 



483 
49,047 

2,536 
46,511 

2,394 
267 

4,948 

1,414 

3,534 

19,864 

7,014 



5,447 
1,567 



4,599 



2,206 
2,393 



22,289 



16,551 



1,087 
15,464 



19 

270 

4,661 

3,031 



1,984 
498 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 105 

TABLE L --Medicinal chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1970- -Continued 



I 



Production' 



Quantity 



Unit 
value^ 



Vitamins, total 

Vitamin A alcohol and esters, total" 

Vitamin A palmitate (feed grade] 

All other 

Vitamin B-complex, total 

Niacin (all grades) 

Niacin (feed grade) 

Niacinamide 

Pantothenic acid and derivatives, total 

Calcium pantothenate (racemic) (feed grade) - 

All other 

Other B-complex vitamins 

Vitamin C, total 

Ascorbic acid 

All other 

Vitamin d" 

Vitamin E" 

Vitamin K 



1,000 
pounds 

22,915 



1,000 
pounds 

17.055 



1,428 

990 

458 

8,079 

2,555 

1,559 
2,159 
1,424 

755 
2,228 
12,059 
9,832 
2,227 
13 
1,105 

251 



Miscellaneous medicinal chemicals 



970 

684 

286 

6,284 

1,257 
1,428 
1,456 
761 
675 
2,165 



893 
70 



1,139 



1,000 
dollars 

84.065 



21,222 
11,660 
9,562 
51,455 

1,552 
2,448 
5,855 
1,650 
2,205 
25,798 
15,426 



1,129 

16,541 

492 

32.461 



Per 
Dound 



21.88 

17.05 

33.43 

5.01 

1.08 
1.71 
2.68 
2.17 
5.27 
11.00 
1.52 



141.12 
18.30 
7.05 



1 The data on production and sales are for bulk medicinal chemicals only; they exclude finished preparations 
and dosage-form products, which are manufactured from bulk chemicals. All quantities are given in terms of 
100% active ingredient. 

2 Calculated from rounded figures . 

3 The term "benzenoid," as used in this report, describes any cyclic medicinal chemical whose molecule con- 
tains either a six-membered carbocylic ring with conjugated double bonds (e.g., the benzene ring or the quinone 
ring) or a six-membered heterocyclic ring with 1 or 2 hetero atoms and conjugated double bonds, except the 
pyrimidine ring (e.g., the pyridine ring or the pyrazine ring.) 

"* Includes antibiotics of unknown structure. 

5 With the exception of bacitracin, the penicillins (except semi-synthetic), and a few other antibiotics which 
were reported in terms of U.S. P. units, all quantities for antibiocics were reported as grams of antibiotic base. 
(Thus production of 480,900 grams of tetracycline hydrochloride, for example, would have been reported as 444.430 
grams of tetracycline base.) For inclusion in the main statistical table, all quantities were converted from 
grams of antibiotic base to pounds of antibiotic base (453.6 grams = 1 pound) or from U.S. P. units to pounds (22.7 
million units of bacitracin, 458 million units of procaine penicillin G, 723 million units of potassium peni- 
cillin G, etc. = 1 pound). The following tabulation shows statistics for all individually publishable antibiotics 
in terms of kilograms of antibiotic base (Kg.) or billions of U.S. P. units (BU) : 



Unit of 
quantity 



Production 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 



Bacitracin, total 

For medicinal use- 
For other uses--- 



Penicillins (except semi-synthetics). total- 
Penicillin G, potassium, for medicinal use 

Penicillin G. procaine, for all uses 

All other, for all uses 



Penicillins (semi-synthetic), total- 

Ampicillin 

All other 



Tetracyclines, for all uses- 



9,881 



351 
,530 



3.760,210 



1.566.158 

2.194.052 

400.662 



510,555 
90,309 



2,318,826 



9,135 



1,000 
dollars 



7,295 



515 
8.822 



1.522.253 



1.177 
6.118 



28.667 



3,760.38 
693.49 



787.301 
734,952 



15.174 
15.495 



19.27 
18.56 



735,456 



106 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 1. --Medicinal chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1970- -Continued 



Footnotes for table l--Continued 

^ Production of medicinal and feed grades of all penicillins (except semi-synthetics) amounted to 5,944,000 pounds; 
sales amounted to 2,732,000 pounds, valued at $28,667,000. 

' Includes production and sales of anthelmintic and antiviral agents, production of antifungal agents, sales of 
all other antibacterial agents and general antiseptics, and sales of antimony, bismuth, and mercury compounds. 

^ Production of hydrocodone bitartrate amounted to 975 pounds, and sales amounted to 667 pounds. 

9 Includes production and sales of anticonvulsants, antitussives [except hydrocodone bitartrate} and stimulants; 
also includes sales of antidepressants, and hypnotics and sedatives (except barbiturates). 

10 Sales of mercurial diuretics amounted to 404 pounds. 

11 All quantities for vitamin A, B12, D, and E were reported in terms of grams or units, but were converted to 
pounds for inclusion in the main statistical table (1.317 billion units of vitamin A acetate, 0.824 billion units 
of vitamin A palmitate, 453.6 grams of vitamins B12, 18.14 billion units of vitamin D, 617,000 units of d-alpha 
tocopheryl acetate, 454,000 units of dl-alpha tocopheryl acetate, etc. = 1 pound). The following tabulation shows 
statistics for these vitamins, except for B12, which was not separately publishable, in terms of million of inter- 
national units (MU) or billion of U.S. P. units (BU) : 



Production 



Quantity 



1,000 

dollars 



Vitamin A, total 

Vitamin A palmitate (feed grade) - 
All other 



1,273,557 



Vitamin D- 
Vitamin E- 



815,763 
457,774 



243,992 
599,829 



563,499 
289,084 



137,651 
494.983 



11,660 
9,562 



1,129 
16,341 



20.69 
33.08 



8.20 
33.01 



Includes production and sales of antineoplastic agents, smooth-muscle relaxants, and unclassified medicinal 
nicals; also includes sales of cardiovascular agents, diagnostic agents, and hematological agents. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



107 



TABLE 2. — Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 



[Medicinal chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an asterisk (*); medic- 
inal chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may 
not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 3. An x signifies that the 
manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



* Antibiotics: 

*For medicinal use: 

*Antifungal and antitubercular antibiotics: 
Antifungal antibiotics: 

Amphotericin B 

Candicidin 

Nystatin 

Antitubercular antibiotics: 

Cycloserine 

Dihydrostreptomycin 

Streptomycin 

Viomycin 

* Bacitracin 

*Penicillin G, potassium 

*Penicillins (semi-synthetic) : 

*Ampicillin 

*Other semi-synthetic penicillins: 

Ampicillin, sodium 

Carbenicillin 

Cloxacillin, sodium 

Dicloxacillin, sodium 

Hetacillin 

Methicillin, sodium 

Nafcillin, sodium 

Oxacillin, sodium 

Phenethicillin, potassium 

*Other antibiotics for medicinal use: 

Cephalexin 

Cephaloglycin 

Cephaloridine 

Cephalothin 

Chloramphenical — ' 

Clindamycin 

Erythromycin 

Fumagillin 

Gentamycin 

Gramicidin 

Kanamycin 

Lincomycin 

Neomycin 

Novobiocin 

Oleandomycin 

Paromomycin 

Penicillin G, benzathine 

Penicillin G, procaine 

Penicillin G, sodium 

Penicillin 0, sodium 

Phenoxymethylpenicillin (Penicillin V)--' 

Phenoxymethylpenicillin, benzathine 

Phenoxymethy Ipeni ci 1 1 in , hydrab amine 

Phenoxymethylpenicillin, potassium 

Polymyxin B 

Spectinomycin 

Tetracyclines: 

Chlortetracycline 

Demeclocycline 

Doxycycline 

Methacycline 

Oxytetracycline 

Tetracycline 

Thiostrepton 

Troleandomycin 

Tyrothricin 



OMS. 






PEN. 






ACY, 


OMS. 




COM. 






MRK, 


PFZ. 




MRK, 


PFZ. 




PFZ. 






COM, 


PEN. 


PFZ. PMP 


OMS, 


PFZ, 


WYT. 


BEE, 


BRS, 


OMS, WYT 


BEE, 


OMS, 


WYT. 


BEE. 






BEE, 


BRS. 




BEE, 


BRS, 


WYT. 


BRS. 






BRS. 






WYT. 






BEE, 


BRS. 




NRS, 


PFZ. 




LIL. 






LIL. 






LIL. 






LIL. 






PD, 


RLS. 




X. 






ABB, 


LIL, 


UPJ. 


ABB. 






SCH. 






PEN. 






BRS. 






X. 






OMS, 


PFZ, 


UPJ. 


MRK, 


UPJ. 




PFZ. 






MRK. 






WYT. 






OMS, 


PFZ, 


WYT. 


OMS. 






PFZ. 






ABB, 


BRS, 


LIL, OMS 


WYT. 






ABB. 






ABB, 


LIL. 




PFZ. 






ABB, 


X 




ACY, 


RLS. 




ACY. 






PFZ. 






PFZ. 






PFZ, 


RLS. 




ACY, 


BRS, 


PFZ, RLS 


OMS. 






PFZ. 






PEN. 







108 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. --Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



* Antibiotics- -Continued 
*For other uses: 

* Bacitracin 

Chlortetracycline 

Cycloheximide 

Hygr omy c in B 

Neomycin 

Novobiocin 

Ny statin 

Oxytetracycline 

Penicillin G, benzathine 

Penicillin G, procaine 

Streptomycin 

Tylosin 

* Antihistamines : 
*Antinauseants : 

Cyclizine hydrochloride 

Dimenhydrinat e 

Meclizine hydrochloride 

Trimethobenzamide hydrochloride 

Bromodiphenhydramine hydrochloride 

Brompheniramine maleate 

Carbinoxamine 

Chlorcyclizine hydrochloride 

Chlorothen citrate 

*Chlorpheniramine maleate 

Cyproheptadine hydroch lor ide 

Dexbrompheniramine maleate 

Dexchlorphenlramine maleate 

Dimethindene maleate 

Diphenhydramine hydrochloride 

Doxy 1 amine succinate 

Methapyr i 1 ene f umar at e 

Methapyrilene hybenzate 

Methapyr ilene hydrochloride 

Phenindamine tartrate 

Pheniramine maleate 

Phenyl toloxamine citrate 

Pyrilamine maleate 

Pyrilamine resin adsorbate 

Pyrrobut amine phosphate 

Thenyl diamine hydrochloride 

Thonzylamine hydrochloride 

Tripelennaraine 

Tripe lennamine citrate 

Tripelennamine hydrochloride 

Triprolidine hydrochloride 

* Anti-infective agents (except antibiotics) : 
*Antimony, bismuth, and mercury compounds; 

Bismuth dipropylacetate 

Bismuth sodium triglycollamate 

Bismuth subsalicylate 

Glycobiarsol 

Merbromin 

Mercuric salicylate 

Nitromersol 

Phenylmer curie acetate 

Phenylmercuric benzoate 

Phenylmercuric borate 

Phenylmercuric chloride 

Phenylmercuric nitrate 

Stibophen 

Thimerosal 



COM, 


DLI, 


GPR, PEN, PMP 


ACY, 


DLL 




UPJ. 






LIL. 






PEN, 


PFZ. 




UPJ. 






OMS. 






PFZ. 






WYT. 






MRK, 


OMS. 




MRK, 


PFZ. 




COM, 


LIL. 




BUR. 






HEX, 


SRL. 




PFZ. 






HOP. 






PD. 






SCH. 






SCH. 






ABB, 


BUR. 




ACY. 






HEX, 


HFT, 


SCH, SK. 


SCH. 






SCH. 






CGY. 






CAN, 


PD. 




BKC. 






ABB, 


PYL. 




LIL. 






ABB, 


PYL. 




HOF. 






HEX, 


HFT, 


SCH. 


BRS. 






HEX, 


MRK, 


PYL. 


LIL. 






SDW. 






NEP. 






CGY. 






CGY. 






CGY. 






BUR. 







BPC. 

MAL, NOR, PEN. 

PYL, SDW. 

HYN. 

MRK. 

ABB. 

WRC. 

MRK. 

MRK, WRC. 

WRC. 

MRK, WRC. 

SDW. 

LIL, PYL, SEL. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



109 



TABLE 2. --Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



* Anti-infective agents (except antibiotics) --Continued 
*Phenolic antiseptics and disinfectants: 

Betanaphthol' 

Bithionol 

Resorcinol 

Thymol 

Thymol iodide 

*Piperazine base and salts: 

*PiperaEine 

Piper az ine adipat e 

Piperazine citrate 

Piperazine dihydrochloride 

Piperazine dithiocarbamate 

Piperazine hexahydr at e 

Piper a z ine hydroch loride 

Piperazine phosphate 

Piperazine sulfate 

Piperazine tartrate 

*Quinoline derivatives : 

Amodiaquin 

Amodiaquin hydrochloride 

Buquinolate 

Chloroquine phosphate 

*Diiodohydroxyquin 

Hydroxychloroquine sulfate 

8-Hydroxy-5-quinolinesulfonic acid 

1 odoch 1 orhydroxyquin 

Oxolinic acid 

Oxyquinoline 

*Oxyquinoline benzoate 

Oxyquinoline citrate 

Oxyquinoline potassium sulfate 

Oxyquinoline sulfate 

Primaquine phosphate 

*Sulfonamides: 

Acetyl sulfamethoxypyridazine 

Acetyl sulfisoxazole 

Azosulf amide 

Dinsed 

Mafenide acetate 

Mafenide hydrochloride 

*Phthalylsulfacetamide 

Phthalylsulfathiazole 

Succinylsulfathiazole 

Sulfabenzamide 

Sulfabenzamide, sodium 

Sulf abromomethazine , sodium 

Sulfacetamide 

Sulfacetamide, sodium 

Sulfachloropyrazine, sodium 

Sulf ach loropyridaz ine , sodium 

Sulfadiazine 

Sulfadiazine, sodium 

Sulfadimethoxine 

Sulfaethidole 

Sulfaguanidine 

Sulfamerazine 

Sulfamerazine, sodium 

Sulfamethazine 

Sulfamethazine, sodium 

Sulfamethizole 

Sulfamethoxazole 

Sulfamethoxypyridazine 



KPT, 


LEM. 






GIV. 








MAL. 








DOW, 


FLM, 


JCC, 


UCC 


PYL. 








BUR. 








DOW, 


FLM, 


JCC, 


WHL 


SEL. 








JCC. 








DOW, 


JCC, 


SEL. 




BUR, 


JCC, 


PYL, 


SEL 


JCC. 








PYL. 









UOP. 






SDW. 






CGY, 


PCW, 


PYL, SRL 


SDW. 






MRK. 






CGY, 


PYL. 




NEP. 






FIS, 


MRK. 




FIS, 


LEM, 


MRK. 


FIS, 


MRK. 




LEM. 






FIS, 


MRK, 


PYL. 


PD, 


SDW. 




ACY. 






HOF. 






SDW. 






SAL. 






SDW. 






SDW. 






CTN, 


LEM, 


PYL. 


MRK, 


PYL. 




MRK, 


PYL. 




ACY. 






ACY. 






MRK. 






CTN, 


LEM, 


PYL. 


CTN, 


LEM. 




ACY. 






CGY. 






ACY. 






ACY. 






HOF. 






ACY. 






ACY, 


SAL. 




ACY, 


LEM. 




ACY, 


CTN. 




ACY, 


LEM. 




ACY. 






ACY, 


CTN. 




HOF. 
ACY. 







See footnotes at end of table. 

462-669 O - 72 - 8 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



-Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3J 



*Anti-infective agents (except antibiotics) --Continued 
*Sulfonamides- -Continued 

Sulfanilamide 

Sulf anitran 

Sulfapyridine-- 

Sulfapyridine, sodium 

Sul f aquinoxa line 

Sulfathiazole 

Sulfathiazole, sodiuin 

Sulfisoxazole 

Sulfisoxazole, sodium 

*Other anti-infective agents: 
Anthelmintic agents: 

Cadmium anthrani lat e 

2,2-Dichlorovinyl dimethyl phosphate 

Diethylcarbamazine citrate 

Gentian violet 

Hexy Iresorcinol 

Phenothiazine 

Pyrvinium pamoate 

Thiabendazole 

*Antibacterial agents and general antiseptics: 
*Antileprotic and antitubercular agents: 

Aminosalicylic acid 

Ethionamide 

Isoniazid 

Potassium aminosalicylate 

Pyrazinamide 

Sodium aminosalicylate 

Sodium sulfoxone 

*Urinary antiseptics: 

Mandelic acid 

Methenamine 

*Methenamine salts: 

Methenamine hippurate 

Methenamine mandelate 

Methenamine sul fosal icy late 

Methylene blue 

Nitrofurantoin 

Phenazopyridine hydrochloride 

*Other antibacterial agents and general 
antiseptics : 

Acriflavine 

Aminacrine 

Aminacrine hydrochloride 

Benzalkonium chloride 

Br omof orm 

Camphor , monob r omat ed 

Cetalkonium chloride 

Cetylpyridinium chloride 

Chlorobutanol 

Furalt adone 

Furamazone 

Iodoform^ 

Magnes ium salicylate 

Myristyl-y-picolinium chloride 

Nalidixic acid 

Nitrofurazone 

Nitromide 

Providone - iodine complex 

*Antifungal agents: 

Benzoic acid 

Calcium undecylenate 

Fuchsin, basic 



SAL. 




SAL. 




ACY, 


CTN, MRK 


ACY, 


CTN. 


MRK. 




ACY, 


MRK. 


ACY, 


MRK. 


HOF. 




HOF. 




MAL. 




SHC. 




ACY. 




SDH. 




HEX, 


MRK. 


ABR, 


ISC. 



MLS. 
RDA. 
RIL. 
MLS. 
MRK. 
MLS. 



RIK. 




ARN, 


NEP, PYL 


x. 




ACY, 




NOR. 




HOF, 


NEP. 


ACS. 




SDW. 




SDW. 




SDH. 




DOW. 




MAL, 


PEN. 


FIN, 


SDW. 


FIN, 


HEX. 


BPC, 


PD. 


NOR. 




NOR. 




MAL. 




MAL. 




UPJ. 




SDH. 




NOR. 




PEN, 


SAL. 


GAF. 




MON. 




IfTL. 




ACS. 





See footnotes at end of table. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



111 



TABLE 2. --Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



*Anti-infective agents (except antibiotics) --Continued 
*Other anti-infective agents--Continued 
*Antifungal agents--Continued 

Sodium caprylate 

Sodium undecylenate 

Undecylenic acid 

Zinc undecylenate 

*Antiprotozoan agents: 

Aklomide 

Aminitrozole 

Amprolium 

Arsanilic acid 

Carbarsone 

Dimetridazole 

■3,S-£)initro-o-toluamide 

Furazolidone 

Metronidazole 

Nifursol 

Nihydrazone 

Nitarsone 

Nithiazide 

Nitrophenide 

Pyrimethamine ■ 

Roxarsone 

Roxarsone, sodium 

Sodium arsanilate 

Antiviral agent: Amantadine hydrochloride 

*Autonomic drugs : 

Parasympatholytic (anticholinergic) agents (except 
tropane derivatives) : 
♦Quaternary ammonium compounds: 

Diphemanil methylsulfate 

Hexocyclium methylsulfate 

Isopropamide iodide 

Mepenzolate bromide 

Methanthel ine bromide 

Pipenzolate bromide 

Propanthe line bromide 

Tridihexethyl iodide 

*Tertiary amines : 

Adiphenine hydrochloride 

Aminopent amide 

Benactyzine 

Cycrimine hydrochloride 

Dicyclomine hydrochloride 

Orphenadrine citrate 

Orphenadrine hydrochloride 

Oxyphencyclimine hydrochloride 

Piper ido late hydrochloride 

Thiophenamil hydrochloride 

Trihexyphenidyl hydrochloride 

♦sympathomimetic (adrenergic) agents: 

Cinnamedrine hydrochloride 

Cyclopentamine hydrochloride 

Epinephrine bitartrate (levo) 

♦Epinephrine hydrochloride (racemic) 

Isoproterenol hydrochloride 

Levarterenol bitartrate 

Metaraminol bitartrate 

Methoxyphenamine hydrochloride 

Naphazoline hydrochloride 

Nordefrin hydrochloride 

Nylidrin hydrochloride 



LEM. 
NTL. 
NTL. 
CFC, NTL, 



WTL. 



SAL. 

ACY. 

MRK. 

WHL. 

LIL, PYL, RSA, SEL, WHL. 

RDA. 

DOW. 

NOR. 

RDA. 

SAL. 

NOR. 

SAL. 

MRK. 

ACY. 

BUR. 

SAL. 

SAL. 

SAL. 

DUP 



SK. 

LKL. 

SRL. 

LKL. 

SRL. 

ACY. 

CGY. 
BJL. 
BKL. 
LIL. 
BKC. 
RIK. 
RIK. 
PFZ. 
LKL. 

X. 

ACY, SDW. 

SDW. 

LIL. 

SDW. 

ECL, VB, X. 

SDW. 

SDW. 

SDW. 

X. 

CGY. 
SDW. 
BKL. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2.- 



-Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3} 



'Autonomic drugs --Continued 

* Sympathomimetic (adrenergic) agents--Continued 

Phenyl ephrine 

Phenylephrine bi tart rate 

Phenylephrine hydrochloride 

*Phenylpropanolajiiine hydrochloride 

Propylhexedrine 

Protokylol hydrochloride 

Pseudoephedrine hydrochloride 

Pseudoephedrine sulfate 

Tetrahydrozoline hydrochloride 

*Other autonomic drugs : 

Parasympatholytic tropane derivatives: 

Anisotropine methylbromide 

Benztropine mesylate 

Homa t rop ine 

Homatropine hydrobromide 

Homatropine methylbromide 

Parasympathomimetic (cholinergic) agents: 

Acetylcholine chloride 

Methacholine chloride 

Neostigmine bromide 

Physostigmine salicylate 

Pyridostigmine bromide 

Sympatholytic (antiadrenergic) agent; Ergonovine 
maleate. 
*Cardiovascular agents: 
'Vasodilators: 

Clonitrate 

Cyclandelate 

Dioxyline phosphate 

Ethyl nitrite 

Glyceryl trinitrate 

Isosorbide dinitrate 

Mannitol hexanitrate 

Nicotinyl alcohol tartrate 

Pentaerythritol tetranitrate 

*Other cardiovascular agents : 
Antihypertensive agents: 

Guanethidine sulfate 

Hydralazine hydrochloride 

Methyldopa 

Pargyline hydrochloride 

Rauwolfia and veratrum alkaloids: 

Alkavervir 

Alseroxylon 

Raunormine 

Reserpine 

Bioflavonoids: 

Hesperidin 

Hesperidin methyl chalcone 

Lemon bioflavonoids 

Naringin 

Rutin 

Cardiac drugs: 

Procainamide hydrochloride 

Quinidine sulfate 

Colestipol hydrochloride 

'Central depressants and stimulants: 
'Amphetamines : 

'Amphetamine base and sulfate (racemic) : 

Amphetamine (racemic) 

Amphetamine sulfate (racemic) 

Dextroamphetamine 

Dextroamphetamine carboxymethyl cellulose 

Dextroamphetamine hydrochloride 

Dextroamphetamine phosphate 



GAN, SDW. 

GAN. 

CTN, GAN, HEX, ORT, SDW. 

ARS, BKL, HEX, NEP, ORT. 

HEX, SK. 

LKL. 

BUR, GAN. 

GAN. 

PFZ. 



HEX. 
HEX. 
CTN, HEX. 

MRK. 

MRK, RSA. 

HEX. 

PEN. 

HOP. 

LIL. 



APD. 
IKYT. 
HAL. 
MAL. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
HOP. 
APD. 



CGY. 
CGY. 
MRK. 
ABB. 

RIK. 
RIK. 
PEN. 
PEN. 

SKG. 
SKG. 
SKG. 
SKG. 

PEN. 

QMS. 
HEX. 



HEX, ORT. 

ARN, HEX, SK. 

HEX. 

ARN. 

ARN, HEX. 

ARN, HEX. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



113 



TABLE 2. — Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



•Central depressants and 5timulants--Continued 
•Amphetamines- -Continued 

Dextroamphetamine sulfate 

Dextroamphetamine t annate 

Levamphet amine 

Levamphetamine succinate 

Methamphet amine (dextrol ) 

Methamphetamine (levo) 

Methamphetamine hydrochloride (dextro) 

Methamphetamine hydrochloride (racemic) — 
*Analgestics and antipyretics: 

•Aspirin 

•Salicylates (except aspirin] : 

Aluminum aspirin 

Phenyl salicylate 

Potassium salicylate 

Salicylamide 

Salicylsalicylic acid 

Sodium salicylate 

Strontium salicylate 

•Other analgesics and antipyretics: 

Acetaminophen 

p-Aminobenzoic acid and salts: 

Aminobenzoic acid 

Calcium aminobenzoate 

Magnesium aminobenzoate 

Potassium aminobenzoate 

Sodium aminobenzoate 

Anileridine hydrochloride 

Calcium succinate 

Colchicine 

Dext ropropoxyph ene napsylate 

Ethoheptazine citrate 

Indomethacin 

Mefenamic acid 

Meperidine hydroch lor ide 

Methadone hydroch lor ide-7 

Oxycodone hydrochloride 

Oxyphenbutazone 

Pentazocine 

Pentazocine hydrochloride 

Phenacetin 

Phenylbutazone 

Propoxyphene hydrochloride 

•Antidepressants : 

Amitriptyline 

Desipramine hydroch lor ide 

Doxepin hydrochloride 

Imipramine hydrochloride 

Nialamide 

Nortriptyline 

Phenelzine sulfate 

Protriptyline 

•Barbiturates: 

Allylbarbituric acid 

Allylbarbituric acid, sodium 

Amobarbital 

Amobarbital, sodium 



ARN, 


HEX, 


SK. 


ARN. 






HEX. 






HEX. 






HEX. 






ARN, 
ARN, 


GAN, 
HEX. 


HEX 



DOW, MLS, MON, NOR, SDG. 



ABB, 


SCH. 


DOW. 




HN. 




CFC, 


PEN. 


CFC, 


NES. 


DOW, 


HN. 


CFC. 




ATP, 


NEP, PEN 


LEM. 




GAN. 




LEM. 




GAN, 


LEM. 


GAN. 




MRK. 




LEM. 




PEN. 




LIL. 




WYT. 




MRK. 




PD. 




PEN, 


SDW, WYT 


LIL. 




EN. 




CGY. 




SDW. 




SDW. 




MON. 




CGY. 




LIL. 




MRK. 




LKL. 




PFZ. 




CGY. 




PFZ. 




LIL. 




NEP. 




MRK. 




GAN. 




GAN. 




LIL. 




GAN, 


LIL. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2.- 



-Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3] 



*Central depressants and stimulants--Continued 
* Barb i turat es - -Continued 

Barbital 

Barbital, sodium 

Butabarbital 

Butabarbital, sodium 

Hexobarbital 

Mephobarbital 

Metharbital 

Methohexital , sodium 

Pentobarbital 

Pentobarbital, sodium 

Phenobarbital 

Phenobarb ital , sodium 

Secobarbital 

Secobarbital, sodium 

Talbutal 

Thiamylal, sodium 

Thiopental, sodium 

Vinbarbital 

*Hydrocodone bitartrate 

*Hypnotics and sedatives (except barbiturates) : 

Carbromal 

Ethchlorvynol 

Ethinamate 

Glutethimide 

Methyprylon 

'Skeletal muscle relaxants and tranquilizers; 
Skeletal muscle relaxants: 

Carisoprodol 

Chlorphenesin carbamate 

Mephenesin 

Mephenesin carbamate 

Phenaglycodol 

Succinylcholine chloride 

Tubocurarine 

Tranquilizers : 

Buclizine hydrochloride 

Chlordiazepoxide hydrochloride 

Chlormezanone 

Chlorprothixene 

Diazepam 

Ethomoxane hydrochloride 

Hydroxy z ine hydroch loride 

Hydroxy zine pamoate 

Mebutamate 

*Meprob amat e 

Methaqualone 

Methaqualone hydroch loride 

Oxazepam 

Phenothiazine derivatives: 

Ch lorproraaz ine hydrochloride 

Fluphenazine hydrochloride 

Perphenazine 

Prazepam 

Prochlorperazine edisylate 

Prochlorperazine maleate 



GAN, 


LIL. 


GAN. 




ABB, 


GAN. 


ABB, 


GAN. 


GAN, 


SDW. 


SDW. 




ABB. 




LIL. 




ABB, 


GAN. 


ABB, 


GAN, PD. 


GAN, 


MAL. 


GAN, 


MAL. 


GAN. 




GAN, 


LIL. 


SDW. 




PD. 




ABB. 




X. 




MAL, 


MRK, PEN 


PD. 




ABB. 




LIL. 




CGY. 




HOP. 




BKL. 




UPJ. 




BLK, 


HEX, OMS 


OMS. 




IJL. 




ABB, 


BUR. 


ABB, 


OMS. 


PFZ. 




HOP. 




SDW. 




HOP. 




HOP. 




LIL. 




PFZ. 




PFZ. 




BKL. 




ABB, 


BKL, X. 


HEX, 


X. 



SK. 

SCH. 

SCH. 

NEP. 

SK. 

SK. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



115 



TABLE 2. — Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



*Central depressants and stimulants--Continued 

*Skeletal muscle relaxants and tranquilizers--Continued 
Tranquilizers- -Continued 

Phenothiazine derivatives --Continued 

Promazine hydrochloride 

Promethazine hydrochloride 

Thiothixene hydrochloride 

Trifluoperazine hydrochloride 

Tybamate 

*Other central depressants and stimulants: 
Anticonvulsants : 

Diphenylhydantoin 

Dipheny Ihydantoin , sodium 

Ethosuximide 

Ethotoin 

Methsuximide 

Phenacemide 

Phensuximide 

Antitussives: 

Benzonatate 

Caramiphen edisylate 

Codeine 

Dextromethorphan hydrobromide 

Dimethoxanate hydrochloride 

Ethylmorphine hydrochloride 

Levopr opoxyphene napsy lat e 

Thebaine 

General anesthetic: Vinyl ether 

Stimulants : 

Benzphetamine hydrochloride 

Caffeine: 

Natural 

Synthetic 

Caffeine, citrated 

Caffeine sodium benzoate 

Chlorphentermine hydrochloride 

Diethylpropion hydrochloride 

Nikethamide 

Phentermine 

•Dermatological agents and local anesthetics : 

* Salicylic acid 

*Other dermatological agents and local anesthetics: 
Dermatological agents: 

Allantoin 

Aluminum phenol sul f onat e 

Ammonium phenol sulfonate 

Bismuth subgallate 

Glycol salicylate 

Scarlet red 

Sodium phenolsulfonate 

Zinc phenolsulfonate 

Local anesthetics: 

Butacaine 

Butacaine sulfate 

Butamben picrate 

Butyl aminobenzoate (Butajnben) 

Dibucaine 



WYT. 

WYT. 

PFZ. 

SK. 

BKL. 



PD. 

ABB. 



PD. 

CGY. 

SK. 

MRK. 

HOP. 

BKL. 

MAL, MRK. 

LIL. 

MRK. 

MRK. 



GNF. 
PFZ. 

MAL, MRK. 
GAN, MAL. 
NEP. 
BKC, X. 
CGY. 
HEX. 



DOW, HN, HON, SDH. 



FIN, HFT. 

MAL, sal; 

SAL. 
MAL. 
RDA. 
ACS. 
SAL. 
MAL, SAL. 



ABB 
ABB 



ABB 
CGY 



See footnotes at end of table. 



116 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. 



-Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. 
identified by manufacturer, 



production or sales were reported, 
1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



•Dermatological agents and local anesthetics--Continued 
*Other dermatological agents and local 
anesthetics --Continued 
Local anesthetics--Continued 

Dibucaine hydrochloride 

Lidocaine 

Oxethazine 

Piperocaine hydrochloride 

Podophy Hum resin 

Pramoxine hydroch loride 

Procaine hydrochloride 

Proparacaine hydrochloride 

Tetracaine 

Tetracaine hydrochloride 

'Diagnostic agents: 

*Roentgenographic contrast media: 

Acetrizoate, sodium 

Diatrizoate, meglumine 

Diatrizoate, sodium 

lodohippurate, sodium 

lodopyracet 

lopanoic acid 

lophendylate 

lothalamate, meglumine 

lothalamate, sodium 

Meglumine iodipamide 

Methiodal, sodium 

Sodium iodipamide 

*Other diagnostic agents: 

Betazole hydrochloride 

Evans blue (blood volume determination) 

Indocyanine green (cardiac output test) 

Metyrapone (pituitary function test) 

Phenolphthalein monophosphate dicyclohexylamine 

•Expectorants and mucolytic agents: 

*Ethylenediamine dihydr iodide 

Guaiacol and its derivatives: 

Glyceryl guaiacolate 

Guaiacol 

Potassium guaiacolsulfonate 

lodinated glycerol 

Lobe line sulfate 

Terpin hydrate 

Thonzonium bromide 

•Gastrointestinal agents: 

'Choleretics and hydrocholeretics : 

Bile acids, oxidized 

Dehydrocholic acid 

Florantyrone 

Iron bile salts 

Ox bile extract 

Sodium dehydrocholate 

Tocamphyl 

•Choline chloride (all grades): 

Feed grade 

Medicinal grade 

Technical grade .■ 



CGY. 

AST, LEM, RLS, SDW. 

WYT. 

LIL. 

PEN. 

ABB. 

PFZ, UOP. 

OMS. 

SDW. 

SDW. 



MAL. 

OMS, SDW. 

OMS, SDW. 

MAL. 

SDW. 

SDW. 

x. 

MAL. 

MAL. 

OMS. 

SDW. 

OMS. 

LIL. 
NEP. 

CGY. 
NEP. 

ABR, HFT, ISC, MAL, WHL. 



CAN, 


HEX 


X. 


MON. 






HN. 






x. 






ABB. 






PEN. 






NEP. 






SRL, 


WIL 




WIL. 






SRL. 






LIL, 


WIL 




ABB, 


LIL 


WIL. 


WIL. 






X. 






COM, 


DA, 


HFT, TMH 


HFT. 







MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



117 



TABLE 2. — Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



*Gastro intestinal agents --Continued 
*Other gastrointestinal agents: 

Betaine base 

Betaine hydrochloride 

Choline bicarbonate 

Choline bitartrate 

Choline citrate (Tricholine citrate) 

Choline dihydrogen citrate 

Danthron 

Dihydroxy aluminum aminoacetate 

Magnesium citrate 

Methionine (medicinal grade) 

Methionine, hydroxy analogue, calcium salt 

Oxyphenisatin acetate 

Pectin 

Phenolphthalein 

Podophyllum 

Sitosterols 

Sodium tartrate 

*Hemotological agents: 
Anticoagulants : 

Ammonium heparin 

Anisindione 

Bishydroxycoumarin 

Sodium heparin 

Sodium warfarin 

Other hematological agents: 

Aminocaproic acid 

Cellulose, oxidized 

Dextran 

*Hormones and synthetic substitutes: 
*Corticosteroids : 

Betamethasone 

Betamethasone acetate 

Betamethasone phosphate 

Betamethasone valerate 

Cortisone 

Cortisone acetate 

Dexamethasone 

Dexamethasone phosphate 

Dichlorisone acetate 

1,2-Dihydrotriamcinolone 

17a, 21- Dihydroxy- 16a-methy 1-9 (11) -progesterone 
21 acetate. 

Fludrocortisone acetate 

Fluorometholone 

9-hluoroprednisolone acetate 

Fluprednisolone 

Hydrocortisone 

Hydrocortisone acetate 

Hydrocortisone phosphate 

Medrysone 

Methylprednisolone 

Prednisolone 

Prednisolone acetate 

Prednisone 

Triamcinolone 



HFT, 


MAL. 


HFT. 




COM. 




ACY, 


HFT. 


ACY, 


HFT. 


ACY, 


HFT. 


GAF. 




CHT. 




MAL. 




DOW. 




DUP, 


MON. 


HEX. 




SKG. 




MON. 




ABB. 




LIL, 


UPJ. 


MAL. 




ABB, 


WIL. 


SCH. 




ABB. 




ABB, 


RIK, WIL 


EN. 




ACY. 




EKT. 




PHR. 




SCH. 




SCH. 




SCH. 




SCH. 




MRK, 


UPJ. 


MRK, 


UPJ. 


MRL, 


SCH. 


MRK. 




SCH. 




UPJ. 




UPJ. 




UPJ. 




UPJ. 




UPJ. 




UPJ. 




MRK, 


PFZ, UPJ 


MRK, 


UPJ. 


MRK. 




UPJ. 




UPJ. 




MRK, 


UPJ. 


UPJ. 




UPJ. 




ACY, 


OMS. 



118 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. — Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



♦Hormones and synthetic substitutes--Continued 
♦Synthetic hypoglycemic agents: 

Acetohexamide 

Chlorpropamide 

Phenf ormin hydrochloride 

Tolazamide 

Tolbutamide 

*Other hormones and synthetic substitutes: 
Anabolic agents and androgens: 

Fluoxymesterone 

Testosterone cypionate 

Antithyroid agents: 

Methimazole 

Propylthiouracil 

2-Thiouracil 

Estrogens: 

Chlorotrianisene 

Dienestrol di acetate 

Diethylstilbestrol 

Diethylstilbestrol diphosphate 

Estrogenic substances, conjugated 

Natural estrogenic substance 

Piperazine estrone sulfate 

Progestogens: 

Medroxyprogesterone acetate 

Norgestrel 

Progesterone 

Other hormones : 

Corticotropin (ACTH) (pituitary) 

Insulin (pancreas) 

Thyroid 

*Renal-acting and edema-reducing agents: 
♦Mercurial diuretics: 

Moral luride 

Mersalyl acid 

Sodium mercaptomerin 

♦Theophylline derivatives: 

Aminophylline 

Oxtriphylline 

Theophylline sodium glycinate 

♦Other renal-acting and edema-reducing agents: 

Acetazolamide 

Benzothiadiazine derivatives : 

Benzthiazide 

Chlorothiazide 

Cyclothiazide 

Flumethiazide 

Hydrochlorothiazide 

Methyclothiazide— 

Polythiazide 

Trichlormethiazide 

Chlorthalidone 

Dichlorphenamide 

Ethacrynic acid 



LIL. 
PFZ. 
BKL. 



UPJ. 
UPJ. 

LIL. 

ACY, CTN. 
ACY. 

BKC, X. 
SCH. 
CTN, LIL. 

X. 

ORG. 
ORG. 
ABB. 



ARP, 


ORG 


ARP, 


LIL 


LIL. 




LKL. 




SDW. 




WYT. 




GAN, 


SRL 


NEP. 




CHT. 





ACY. 

PFZ. 

MRK. 

LIL. 

QMS. 

ABB, CGY, MRK. 

ABB. 

PFZ. 

SCH. 

CGY. 

MRK. 

MRK. 



MEPICINAL CHEMICALS 



119 



TABLE 2. — Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



*Renal-acting and edema-reducing agents--Continued 
*Other renal-acting and edema-reducing agents-- 
Continued 

Probenecid 

Spironolactone 

Triamterene 

*Therapeutic nutrients: 
*Amino acids and salts: 

Amino acid mixtures 

Aspartic acid and salts: 

Aspartic acid 

Potassium aspartate 

Beta-alanine 

Glutamic acid and salts: 

Ammonium glutamate 

L-Arginine-L-glutamate 

Glutamic acid 

Glutamic acid hydrochloride 

Potassium glutamate 

Lysine (feed grade} 

Lysine hydrochloride 

*Calcium salts: 

Calcium glucoheptonate 

Calcium gluconate 

Calcium phytate 

*Ferrous gluconate 

*Other therapeutic nutrients: 

Copper gluconate 

Liver concentrate 

Liver, desiccated 

Magnesium gluconate 

Manganese gluconate 

Potassium gluconate 

•Vitamins: 

*Vitamin A alcohol and esters: 

Beta-carotene (Provitamin A) 

Vitamin A acetate (feed grade) 

Vitamin A acetate (medicinal grade) 

Vitamin A alcohol 

*Vitamin A palmitate (feed grade) 

Vitamin A palmitate (medicinal grade) 

*Vitamin B-complex: 
*Niacin (all grades) : 

*Feed grade 

Medicinal grade 

•Niacinamide 

•Pantothenic acid and derivatives: 

Calcium pantothenate (dextrol) 

Calcium pantothenate (racemic) - calcium chloride 
complex. 

•Calcium pantothenate (racemic) (feed grade) 

Calcium pantothenate (racemic) (medicinal grade) -- 

Choline pantothenate 

Dexpanthenol 

Panthenol (racemic) 

Sodium pantothenate 



MRK. 




SRL. 




ACY, 


SK. 


ABB, 


MDJ, STA. 


HEX. 
WYT. 




DA, 


HFT. 


IMC. 




ABB. 




IMC, 


LEM. 


IMC, 


LEM. 


IMC, 


LEM. 


MRK. 




MRK. 




PFN. 




DLI, 


PFZ, WHL. 


STA. 




DLI, 


PFZ, SDW. 


PFZ. 




WIL. 




WIL. 




PFZ. 




PFZ. 




DLI, 


PFZ. 


EKT, 


HOF. 


HOF, 


PFZ. 


HOF, 


PFZ. 


HOF, 


PFZ. 


EKT, 


HOF, PFZ. 


EKT, 


HOF, PFZ. 


DA, 


MRK, RIL. 


MRK, 


SCR. 


MRK, 


NEP, PD, RIL, SCR 


HFT. 




CKL, 


DA, HFT, PHF. 


CKL, 


DA, DLI, HFT, PHF 


DA. 


HFT. 


DLL 




HFT, 


HOF. 


HOF, 


PD. 



120 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. 



-Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



'Vitamins- -Continued 

♦Vitamin B-coniplex--Continued 
•Other B-complex vitamins: 

Biotin 

Cyanocobalamin : 

Cyanocobalamin (feed grade) 

Cyanocobalamin (medicinal grade) 

Cyanocobalamin (U.S. P. crystalline)-- 
Cyanocobalamin with intrinsic factor 
concentrate. 

Folic acid ' 

Inositol 

Niacinamide hydrochloride 

Pyridoxine 

Riboflavin (feed grade) 

Riboflavin (medicinal grade) 

Ribof lavin-5-phosphate, sodium 

Thiamine hydrochloride 

Thiamine mononitrate 

*Vitamin C: 

* As corbie acid 

Calcium ascorbate 

Sodium ascorbate 

*Vitamin D: 

Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3) 

7-Dehydrocholesterol (Provitamin D3) 

Ergocalciferol (Vitamin D2) 

*Vitamin E: 

d- Alpha tocophero 1 

dl-Alpha tocopherol 

d-Alpha tocopheryl acetate 

dl-Alpha tocopheryl acetate 

dl-Alpha tocopheryl acetate (feed grade) - 

d-Alpha tocopheryl acid succinate 

•Vitamin K: 

Menadione 

Menadione sodium bisulfite 

Phytonadione 

•Miscellaneous medicinal chemicals: 
Antineoplastic agents: 

Azothioprine 

Mer capt opur ine 

Thioguanine 

Vinblastine sulfate 

Vincristine sulfate 

Smooth muscle relaxants: 

Alverine 

Alverine citrate 

Alverine hydrochloride 

Papaverine hydrochloride 

Sodium benzyl succinate 

Unclassified medicinal chemicals: 

All opur inol 

Dopamine hydrochloride 

Hydras tine hydrochloride 

Penicillamine (copper chelating agent) — 



GPR, MRK 


PMP. 


MRK. 




MRK. 




WIL. 




ACY. 




STA. 




NEP. 




HOP, MRK 




DA, HOP, 


MRK. 


HOP, MRK 




HOP. 




HOP, MRK 




HOP, MRK 




HOP, MRK 


PPZ. 


PFZ. 




HOP, MRK 


PPZ. 


DA, DLI, 


PHP, VTM. 


VTM. 




PHP, SCR 


VTM. 


CW, EKT. 




HOP. 




CW, EKT. 




HOP. 




HOP. 




CW, EKT. 




ABB, HET 


IVHL. 


ABB, DA, 


DLI, HET, IVHL 


MRK. 




BUR. 




BUR. 




BUR. 




LIL. 




LIL. 





CTN. 

LIL, MRK. 
PIN. 

BUR. 
SDW. 
PEN. 
MRK. 



1 Producers of technical grade are listed in "Cyclic intermediates." 
2- Producers of technical grade are listed in "Miscellaneous chemicals.' 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 
TABLES. — Medicinal chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1970 



121 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production or sales of medicinal chemicals to the U.S. Tariff Commission for 
1970 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



Code 




Code 




identi- 


Name of company 


identi- 


Name of company 


fication 




fication 




ABB 


Abbott Laboratories 


HOF 


Hoffmann-LaRoche, Inc. 


ABR 


West Agro-Chemicals, Inc. 


HYN 


Hynson, Westcott 6 Dunning, Inc. 


ACS 


Allied Chemical Corp., Specialty 








Chemicals Div. 


IMC 


International Minerals S Chemical Corp. 


ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. 


ISC 


West Agro-Chemicals, Inc. 


APD 


Atlas Chemical Industries, Inc. 






ARN 


Arenol Chemical Corp. 


JCC 


Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc. 


ARP 


Armour Pharmaceutical Products Co. 






ARS 


Arsynco, Inc. 


KPT 


Koppers Co., Inc., Organic Materials Div. 


AST 


Astra Pharmaceutical Products, Inc. 






ATP 


Atco Chemical-Industrial Products, Inc., 


LEM 


Lemke Chemicals, Inc. 




Fine Chemicals Div. 


LIL 


Eli Lilly S Co. 






LKL 


Lakeside Laboratories Div. of Colgate- 


BEE 


Beecham, Inc. 




Palmolive Co. 


BJL 


Burdick § Jackson Laboratories, Inc. 






BKC 


J. T. Baker Chemical Co. 


MAL 


Mallinckrodt Chemical Works 


BKL 


Millmaster Onyx Corp., Millmaster Chemical 


HDJ 


Mead Johnson § Co. 




Div., Berkeley Chemical Dept. 


MLS 


Miles Laboratories, Inc., Marschall Div. 


BPC 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Benzol Products Div. 


MON 


Monsanto Co. 


BRS 


Bristol-Myers Co., Bristol Laboratories 

Div. 
Burroughs Wellcome Co. 


MRK 


Merck S Co., Inc. 


BUR 


NEP 


Nepera Chemical Co., Inc. 






NES 


Nease Chemical Co., Inc. 


CFC 


Sun Chemical Corp . 


NOR 


Norwich Pharmacal Co. 


CGY 


Ciba-Geigy Corp., Ciba Pharmaceutical Co. 


NTL 


National Lead Co. 


CHT 


Chattam Drug § Chemical Co., Chattem 








Chemicals Div. 


OMS 


E. R. Squibb § Sons, Inc. 


CKL 


Chemlek Laboratories, Inc. 


ORG 


Organics, Inc. 


COM 


Commerical Solvents Corp. 


ORT 


Roehr Chemicals, Inc. 


CTN 


Chemetron Corp., Organic Chemical Div. 






CW 


General Mills Chemicals, Inc. 


PCW 


Pfister Chemical, Inc. 






PD 


Parke, Davis 5 Co. 


DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. 


PEN 


CPC International, Inc., Penick Div. 


DLl 


Dawe's Laboratories, Inc. 


PFN 


Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc. 


DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. 


PFZ 


Pfizer, Inc. 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours § Co., Inc. 


PHF 


Peter Hand, Inc. 






PHR 


Pharmachem Corp. 


ECL 


Eastside Chemical Laboratory 


PMP 


Premier Malt Products, Inc. 


EK 


Eastman Kodak Co.: 


PYL 


Polychemical Laboratories, Inc. 


EKT 


Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 






EN 


Endo Laboratories, Inc. 


RDA 


Rhodia, Inc. 






RH 


Rohm § Haas Co. 


FIN 


Fine Organics, Inc. 


RIK 


Riker Laboratories, Inc. Sub. of 3M Co. 


FIS 


Fisher Chemical Co., Inc. 


RIL 


Reilly Tar S Chemical Corp. 


F.LM 


Fleming Laboratories, Inc. 


RLS 


Rachelle Laboratories, Inc. 






RSA 


R.S.A. Corp. 


GAF 


GAF Corp., Chemical Div. 






CAN 


Gane's Chemical Works, Inc. 


SAL 


Salsbury Laboratories 


GIV 


Givaudan Corp. 


SCH 


Schering Corp. 


GNF 


General Foods Corp., Maxwell House Div. 


SCR 


R. P. Scherer Corp. 


GPR 


Grain Processing Corp. 




Sterling Drug Corp.: 






SDG 


Glenbrook Laboratories Div. 


HET 


Heterochemical Corp. 


SDH 


Hilton-Davis Chemical Co. Div. 


HEX 


Hexagon Laboratories, Inc. 


SOW 


Winthrop Laboratories Div. 


HFT 


Hoffman-Taff, Inc. 


SEL 


Selney Co. , Inc. 


HN 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc. 


SHC 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 



122 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 
TABLE 3. — Medicinal chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1970 — Continued 



Code 




Code 




identi- 


Name of company 


identi- 


Name of company 


fication 




fication 




SK 


Smith, Kline 5 French Laboratories 


UPJ 


Upjohn Co. 


SKG 


Sunkist Growers, Inc. 






SRL 


G.D. Searle S Co. 


VB 


Vermilye-Bell 


STA 


A. E. Staley Manufacturing Co. 


VTM 


Vitamins, Inc. 


TMH 


Thompson-Hayward Chemical Co. 


WHL 


Whitmoyer Laboratories, Inc. 






WIL 


Wilson 5 Co., Inc., Wilson Laboratories Div. 


UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 


WRC 


Ventron Corp. 


UOP 


Universal Oil Products Co., 


WTL 


Pennwalt Corp., Lucidol Div. 




UOP Chemical Div. 


WYT 


Wyeth Laboratories, Inc., Wyeth Laboratories 
Div. of American Home Products Corp. 



complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies, refer to table 1 in the Appendix 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 123 



Flavor and perfume materials are organic chemicals used 
to impart flavors and odors to foods, beverages, cosmetics 
and soaps. These aromatic chemicals are also utilized to 
neutralize or mask unpleasajit odors in industrial processes 
and products as well as in consumer products. 

Total domestic production of flavor and perfume 
materials in 1970 amounted to 100.3 million pounds -- a 
decrease by 16.7 percent from the 120.4 million pounds pro- 
duced in 1969 (table I).'' Sales of these materials in 1970 
amounted to 91.5 million pounds, valued at $89.1 million, 
compared with 103.6 million pounds, valued at $93.6 million 
in 1969. 

Production of cyclic flavor and perfume materials in 
1970 amounted to 52.5 million pounds; sales amounted to 42.9 
million pounds, valued at $52.0 million. The individual 
chemical in the cyclic group produced in the greatest volume 
in 1970 again was benzyl alcohol (8.4 million pounds). 

U.S. output of acyclic flavor and perfume materials in 
1970 amounted to nearly 48 million pounds; sales of these 
materials amounted to 48.6 million pounds, valued at $37.1 
million. Monosodium glutamate was by far the most important 
of the acyclic chemicals, and the individual flavor and per- 
fume chemical produced in the greatest volume. Output of 
this chemical in 1970 totaled 37.2 million potmds, compared 
with 48.5 million pounds in 1969, a decrease by more than 
23 percent . 

See also table 2 which lists these materials and identi- 
fies the manufacturers by codes . These codes are given in 
table 3. 



124 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 
TABLE 1. --Flavor and perfume materials: U.S. production and sales, 1970 



fListed below are all synthetic organic flavor and perfume materials for which any reported data on production or 
sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be 
published or where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists all flavor and perfume materials for which data on pro- 
duction or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



Quantity 



Grand total- 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC 



Benzenoid and Naphthalenoid 



Total- 



4-Allyl-2-methoxyphenol (Eugenol) 

4- Al lyl -1,2- (methylenedioxy) benzene (Saf rol e) 

p-Anis aldehyde 

Benzophenone^ 

Benzyl acetate 

Benzyl alcohol^ 

Benzyl benzoate 

Benzyl butyrate 

Benzyl cinnamate 

Benzyl salicylate 

Cinnamaldehyde 

Cinnamyl acetate 

Cinnamyl alcohol 

Cinnamyl anthranilate 

Isobutyl phenyl acetate 

Isobutyl salicylate 

Isopentyl salicylate 

2-Methoxy-4-propenylphenol CIsoeugenol) 

4'-Methylacetophenone 

p-Methylanisole 

Methyl anthranilate 

a-Methylbenzyl acetate (Styralyl acetate) 

a-Methylcinnamaldehyde 

Methyl phenylacetate 

Methyl salicylate 

Phenethyl acetate 

2-Phenethyl phenylacetate 

3-Phenyl-l-propanol (Hydrocinnamic alcohol) 

p-Propenylanisole (Anethole) 

All other benzenoid and naphthalenoid materials- 



Terpenoid, Hetevocyalia, and Alioyclia 



Total- 



Cedryl acetate 

Essential oils, chemically modified 

4-Hydroxyundecanoic acid, y-lactone CT-Undecalactone) 

a-Ionone 

Isobomyl acetate 

Menthol, synthetic, tech. 6 U.S.P 

Methylionones 

Terpineols 

a-Terpinyl acetate 

Vetivenyl acetate 

All other terpenoid, heterocyclic and alicyclic materials- 
See footnotes at end of table. 



1^000 
pounds 



1UJ,321 



52,543 



41,109 



435 

277 
1,446 

357 
1,530 
8,389 

316 

13 

241 

1,510 



767 
100 



5,396 



2,363 
17,374 



213 
214 



96 

1,148 

399 

580 

3,349 

482 

41 

4,912 



1,000 
pounds 



71 

126 

1,554 

9,101 

469 

7 

6 

257 

1,135 



646 
115 
28 



5,274 
79 



2,326 
12,983 



107 
126 
8 
56 
980 
431 
398 
,261 
425 



1,000 
dollars 



89,102 



38,891 



953 
69 

140 

646 

,858 

217 

11 

24 

317 

846 



412 
450 



1,354 
27,026 



13,154 



265 

471 

34 

266 

357 

1,675 

1,748 

1,211 

273 

559 

6,295 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 
TABLE 1. — Flavor and perfume materials: U.S. production and sales, 1970 — Continued 



125 



Sales 



Quantity 



Unit 
value' 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Allyl hexanoate 

Citronellyl acetate 

3,7-Dimethyl-cis-2,6-octadien-l-ol (Nerol) 

3,7-DLmethyl-trans-2,6-octadienal (Citral a; GeranialJ 

3, 7-Dimethyl-trans-2,6-octadien-l-ol CGeraniol) 

3,7-Dimethyl-6-octen-l-ol (Citronellol) 

Ethyl butyrate 

Ethyl heptanoate 

Ethyl hexanoate (Ethyl caproate) 

Ethyl nonanoate 

Geranyl acetate 

Geranyl formate 

Glutamic acid, monosodium salt (Monosodium glutamate) 
7-Hydroxy-3,7-dimethyl-l-octanal (Hydroxycitronellal) 

Isopentyl butyrate 

Isopentyl formate 

Isopentyl isovalerate 

Rhodinol 

All other acyclic materials 



48.587 



81 

3,144 

958 

422 

7 

17 

2 

100 

12 

37,210 

533 

147 

27 

10 

5,065 



2,234 
839 
421 



1,000 
dollars 



37,057 



48 

41 

304 

2,245 

1,400 

263 

13 

16 



2.488 
58 



276 
29,651 



per 
pound 



$0.76 



2.53 
1.99 
2.41 
3.71 
1.01 
1.67 
.62 
1.80 
2.31 
3.33 
1.79 
2.64 

5.06 



28.31 
.67 



' Calculated from the unrounded figures . 
^ Includes some technical grade. 



462-669 O - 72 - 9 



126 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. 



-Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1970 



[Flavor and perfume materials for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an asterisk 
(*) ; those not so marked do not appear in table 2 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may 
not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes are taken from table 3] 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS. CYCLIC 

Benzenoid and Naphthalenoid 

2'Acetonaphthone 

Acet ophenone 

5-Acetyl-l,l,2,3,3,6-hexajiiethylindan 

p-Allylanisole 

Allyl cinnamate 

4-Allyl-l,2-dimethoxybenzene (4-Allylveratrole) 

*4-Allyl-2-methoxyphenol (Eugenol) 

4-Allyl-2-methoxyphenol acetate (Eugenyl acetate) 

*4'-Ally 1-1, 2 -(methylenedioxy) benzene (Safrole) 

Allyl phenoxyacetate 

*p-Anisaldehyde 

Anisole (Methyl phenyl ether) 

Anisyl acetate 

Anisyl butyrate 

Anisyl formate 

Benzaldehyde 

*Benzophenone 

*Benzyl acet ate 

* Benzyl alcohol 

*Benzyl benzoate 

Benzyl butyl ether 

*Benzyl butyrate 

*Benzyl cinnamate 

2-Benzyldioxolane 

Benzyl ether 

Benzyl formate 

Benzyl glyceryl acetal 

Benzyl isobutyrate 

Benzyl isopentyl ether 

l-(Benzyloxy) -2-methoxy-4-propenylbenzene (Benzyl 
isoeugenyl ether) . 

Benzyl phenyl acet ate 

Benzyl propionate — , 

*Benzyl salicylate 

4-tert-Buty 1-2 ' ,6 ' -dimethyl -3 ' ,5 ' -dinitroacetophenone 

(Musk ketone) . 
6-tert-Butyl-3-methyl-2,4-dinitroanisole (Musk 
ambrette) . 

p-tert-Butyl-a-methylhydrocinnamaldehyde 

Butyl phenylacetate 

l-tert-Butyl-3,4,5-trimethyl-2,6-dinitrobenzene 

S-tert-Butyl-2,4,6-trinitro-m-xylene (Musk xylol) 

Carvacrol 

*Cinnamaldehyde 

Cinnamic acid 

*Cinnarayl acetate 

*Cinnamy alcohol 

*Cinnamyl anthranilate 

Cinnamyl butyrate 

Cinnamyl cinnamate 

Cinnamyl propionate 

Coumarin 

o-Cresyl methyl ether 

Cuminyl alcohol 

trans -Decahydro-B-naphthol 

Dihydrocoumarin (Melilotol) 

l,2-Dimethoxy-4-propenylbenzene (4-Propenylveratrole)- 
p-a-Dimethylbenzyl alcohol 



GIV. 




GIV. UOP. 




PFW. 




GIV. 




RT. 




GIV. 




ARS, CI, FB, GIV, IFF, LUE, PEN, RT, UNG, UOP 


GIV. 




FB, GIV, OPC. 




GIV. 




GIV, OPC, UOP. 




GIV. 




ELN, GIV. 




RT. 




RT. 




SHL. 




GAF, GIV, NEO, 


PD, UOP. 


GIV, OPC, SHL, 


UOP. 


BPC, HN, OPC, 


SHL, UOP, VEL. 


MON, OPC, PFZ, 


UOP, VEL. 


SHL. 




ELN, FB, GIV. 




FB, GIV, UOP. 




GIV. 




SHL, VEL. 




ELN, GIV, UOP. 




CI, GIV. 




GIV. 




GIV. 




GIV, UOP. 




ELN, GIV. 




ELN, FB, GIV. 




ELN, GIV, OPC, 


UNG; UOP. 


GIV. 





GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

CI, FB, UOP. 

BPC. 

ELN, FB, GIV. 

FB, GIV, NEO, UOP. 

FEL, GIV, RT. 

FB. 

FB. 

ELN, GIV, UOP. 

DOW, RDA. 

CI. 

GIV. 

IFF. 

ARS. 

GIV. 

GIV. 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 



127 



TABLE 2. --Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC--Continued 

Bemenoid and Naphthalenoid- -Continued 

3,7-Dimethyl-l,6-octadien-3-yl anthranilate (Linalyl 

anthranilate) . 
3,7-Dimethyl-l,6-octadien-3-ol, benzoate (Linalyl 
benzoate). 

3,7-Dimethyl-l,6-octadien-3-ol, cinnamate 

3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadienyl phenylacetate (Geranyl 
phenylacetate) . 

a.a-Dimethylphenethyl acetate 

a,a-Dimethylphenethyl alcohol 

Diphenylmethane (Benzylbenzene) 

l,3-Diphenyl-2-propanone (Dibenzyl ketone) 

p-Ethoxy benzaldehyde 

l-Ethoxy-2-hydroxy-4-propenylbenzene 

3-Ethoxy-4-hydroxybenzaldehyde (Ethylvanillin) 

2-Ethoxynaphthalene 

Ethyl anthranilate 

Ethyl benzoate 

Ethyl cinnamate 

Ethyl a,6-epoxy-6-methylhydrocinnamate 

2-Ethylhexyl salicylate 

Ethyl phenylacetate 

Ethyl phenylglycidate 

Ethyl salicylate 

3 ' -Ethyl-5 ' , 6 ' , 7 ' , 8 ' -tetrahydro-5 ' , 5 ' , 8 ' , 8 ' - 
tetramethyl-2 '-acetonaphthone. 

a-Hexylcinnamaldehyde 

Hydratropaldehyde 

Hydratropaldehyde, dimethyl acetal 

Hydrocoumarin 

Hydroxycitronellalmethyl anthranilate 

2-Hydroxy-3-ethoxybenzaldehyde (ortho Ethyl vanillin) -- 

4-(4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-2-butanone 

Indole 

Isoamyl phenylacetate 

Isobutyl benzoate 

p-Isobutyl d-ethoxybenzaldehyde (Rhodial) 

*Isobutyl phenylacetate 

*Isobutyl salicylate 

Isopentyl benzoate 

*Isopentyl salicylate 

p-Isopropylbenzaldehyde (Cumaldehyde) 

Isopropyl cinnamate 

p-Isopropyl-a-methylhydrocinnamaldehyde (Cyclamen- 
aldehyde) . 

p-Mentha-l,8-diene (Limonene) 

Menthyl anthranilate 

4' -Methoxyacetophenone (Acetanisole) : 

p-Methoxybenzyl alcohol (Anisyl alcohol) 

o-Methoxycinnamaldehyde 

2-Methoxynaphthalene 

l-(p-Methoxyphenyl)-l-penten-3-one'- 

*2-Methoxy-4-propenylphenol (Isoeugenol) 

*4 ' -Methylacetophenone 

*p-Methylanisole 

*Methyl anthranilate 

Methyl anthranilydene-p-isopropylmethylhydro- 
cinnamaldehyde . 

Methyl benzoate 

*oi-Methylbenzyl acetate (Styralyl acetate) 

*a-Methylcinnanialdehyde 

Methyl cinnamate 

6-Methylcoumarin 



FMT. 








HOF. 








HOF. 








GIV. 








IFF. 








IFF. 








ARA. 








GIV. 








GIV. 








SHL. 








MON, 


RDA, 


SLV 




GIV. 








FB. 








ELN. 








GIV. 








ELN. 








FEL. 








GIV. 








GIV, 


PFW 






FB. 








GIV, 


UOP 






CI, 


IFF. 






GIV, 


IFF 






GIV, 


IFF 






GIV, 


UOP 






GIV. 








RDA 








GIV. 








GIV. 








GIV. 








ELN, 


TCC 






RDA. 








ELN, 


FB, 


GIV, 


OPC, RT. 


FB, 


GIV. 


UOP. 




GIV. 








FB, 


GIV, 


OPC, 


UOP. 


GIV 








RT. 








GIV, 


RDA 






SKG 








PFW 








GIV. 








GIV, 


UOP 






CI. 








GIV 








GIV 








CI, 


GIV, 


SHL, 


UOP. 


ELN 


GIV 


OPC 


, UOP. 


GIV 


OPC 


UOP 




FB, 


OPC, 


PFW, 


SHL, SW, UNG 


RDA 








HN. 








CI, 


ELN, 


FB, 


GIV, UNG. 


CI, 


FB, 


3IV. 




FB, 


UOP. 






GIV 









SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2 -Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1970-Contmued 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC--Continued 
Benzenoid and tlaphthalenoid- -Continued 



l,2-(Methylenedioxy)-4-propenylbenzene (Isosafrole) 

p-Methylhydratropaldehyde ""'"," V/l"/V' 

l-Methyl-4-isohexyl-hexahydrobenzaldehyde (Vernaldehyde) — 

Methyl N-methylanthranilate " 

*Methyl phenyl acetate "" 

*Methyl salicylate """ "■"" 

6-Oxa-l,l,2,3,3,8-hexamethyl-2,3,5,6,7,8-hexahydro IH- 

benz[f)indene (Galaxolide) . 
2-Oxa-4,5,5,8,8-pentamethyl-l,2,3,4,5,6,7,8-octahydro- 

anthracene . 
l,l,3,3,5-Pentamethyl-4,6-dinitroindan 



a-Pentylcinnamaidehyde 

*Phenethyl acetate "'" 

Phenethyl alcohol '"_'_ 

Phenethyl benzoate " 

Phenethyl n-butyrate 

Phenethyl formate 

Phenethyl isobutyrate """ 

Phenethyl isovalerate " 

*2-Phenethyl phenylacetate 

Phenethyl propionate """" 

Phenethyl salicylate " 

2-Phenoxyethyl isobutyrate -""" 

Phenylacetaldehyde ----- 

Phenylacetaldehyde, dimethyl acetal --- 

o-Phenylanisole (2-Methoxybiphenyl) 

Phenylethyl acetal 

Phenylethyl tiglate ---" 

*3-Phenyl-l-propanol (Hydrocinnamic alcohol) 

3-Phenylpropyl acetate """ 

3-Phenylpropyl cinnamate "" 

Piperonal (Heliotropin) "_" 

Piperonal terpenes "" 

*p-Propenylanisole (Anethole) 

p-Propylanisole (Dihydroanethole) 

a-Propylphenylethyl alcohol 

Sweeteners, synthetic: 

Cyclohexanesulfamic acid 

Cyclohexanesulfamic acid, calcium salt 

Cyclohexanesulfamic acid, sodium salt ----- 

Saccharin [l,2-Benzisothiazolin-3-one, 1,1-dioxide)- 

Saccharin, calcium salt 

Saccharin, sodium salt """ 

p-Tolualdehyde 

p-Tolylacet aldehyde 

p-Tolyl acetate 

p-Tolyl phenylacetate 

a-(Trichloromethyl)benzyl acetate CRosetone) 

Vanillin (;4-Hydroxy-3-niethoxybenzaldehyde) 

Terpenoid, heteroayalic, and Alicyclio 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV. OPC. 

ELN, GIV, OPC. 

CFC, DOW, HN, MON, PEN. 

IFF 

IFF. 

GIV. 

CI, FB, GIV, UOP. 

GIV, IFF, NEO. 

IFF. 

IFF. 

IFF. 

ELN, IFF. 

GIV, IFF. 

GIV, OPC. 

CI, ELN, GIV, IFF, UOP. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

ELN, GIV, IFF. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

FB. 

ELN, FB, GIV, UOP. 

ELN, GIV. 

FB. 

GIV, SHL, UOP. 

SHL. 

ARZ, GLD, HPC, NCI, UOP. 

FB. GIV. 

GIV. 



ABB. 

MON, SW. 

MON, SW. 

LAK, MON. 

GIV, HN, TCC. 

GIV. 

FB, GIV. 

GIV. 

ARS. 

MON. SLV. 



GIV. 
IFF. 
CI. IFF. 



CI, GIV. 



Allyl cyclohexyl propionate---- 'J" 

p-tert-Butylcyclohexanone 

p-tert-Butylcyclohexyl acetate 

Cadinene 

g-Caryophyllene 

Caryophyllene alcohol """ I J,jy^ 

Cedrenol '_\'_\\\ ELN^ GIV, 

Cedrol "" ELN, GIV, 

*Cedryl acetate jPP_ 

Cedryl formate 



IFF. 

IFF, NEO, UNG. 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 



129 



TABLE 2. — Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3] 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Terpenoid, Heterocyolio, and Alicyclic--CQTitinued 



2-Cyclohexylcyclohexanone 

Cyclopentanone carboxylic acid 

Dihydronordicyclopentadienyl acetate 

Dihydronordicyclopentadienyl propionate 

Dihydroterpinyl acetate 

*Essential oils, chemically modified: 

Acetyl cedrene 

Amyris acetate s 

Clove leaf oil terpenes^ ^ 

Ethyl oxyhydrate 

Guaiacwood acetate 

Guaiene 

Lavandin, acetylated 

Rose oxide 

Sassafrass oil, hydrogenated 

3-Hydroxy-2-ethyl-4-pyrone (Ethyl maltol) 

16-Hydroxyhexadecanoic acid, o- lactone (Hexadeca- 

nolide) . 
4-(4-Hydroxy-4-methylpentyl3-3-cyclohexene-10- 
carboxaldehyde . 

3-Hydroxy-2-methyl-4-pyrone (Maltol) 

4-Hydroxynonanoic acid, y-l^ctone (y-Nonalactone) 

4-Hydroxyactanoic acid, y-l^ctone (y-Octalactone) 

*4-Hydroxyundecanoic acid, y-l^'^tone (y-Undecalactone) 
lonones : 

*a-Ionone 

S-Ionone 

lonone (a-and g-) 

Isobomeol 

*Isobomyl acetate 

Isobomyl propionate 

Isojasmone 

Isomenthone 

2-Isopropylcyclohexanol 

Jasmal 

p-Mentha-6,8-dien-2-ol (Carveol) 

p-Mentha-6,8-dien-2-one (Carvone; Carvol). 

p-Menthan-3-one (Menthone) 

prMenth-8-en-ol (Isopulegol) 

p-Menth-l-en-3-one 

p-Menth-4(8)-en-3-one (d-Pulegone) 

l,l-p-Menthen-6-yl-l-propanone 

*Menthol, synthetic: 

Tech 

U.S.P 

Menthyl acetate 

Methyl cyclohexyl propionate 

*Methylionones : 

6-Methyl-a-ionone 

6-Methyl-6-ionone 

Methylionone (a- and 8-) 

y-Methylionone 

Nopyl acetate 

Santalol 

Santalyl acetate 

*Terpineols: 

a-Terpineol 

6-Terpineol 

Terpineol (a- and g-) 



GIV. 




ARA. 




GIV, IFF. 




GIV, IFF. 




GIV. 




GIV, IFF. 




GIV. 




CI, SHL. 




FEL, FLO, LUE 


PFW, VND 


ELN, FB, GIV. 




FB. 




FEL, GIV, UNG 




FB. 




GIV. 




PFZ. 




IFF. 




IFF. 




PFZ. 




GIV. 




GIV, RT. 




ELN, FB, GIV. 




GIV, HOF, IFF, 


MYW. 


HOF, MYW. 




GIV, MYW, UNG 




RDA. 




FB, OPC, PFW, 


RDA, UNG. 


GIV, OPC. 




FB. 




GIV. 




GIV. 




IFF. 




FB. 




FB, FRM. 




GIV, NED, OPC 




GIV. 




GIV. 




GIV. 




GIV. 




GIV, NEO. 




GIV, GLD, HN, 


NEO. 


GIV. 




GIV. 




GIV, MYW. 




NEO. 




GIV, IFF, MYW, 


UNG. 


GIV. 




CI, FEL, SHL. 




GIV, IFF. 




GIV. 




GLD, HPC, NCI 




HN. 




GIV, NEO. 





130 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. 



■Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC--Continued 

Terpenoid, EeteTocyolia, and i4Hci/eZie- -Continued 

Terpinol hydrate (Terpin hydratej , tech 

*a-Terpinyl acetate 

Terpinyl acetate (mixed a-6) 

a-Terpinyl propionate 

3,3,5-Trimethylcyclohexanol 

l-(2,6,6-Trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-l-yl) -1,6-heptadien- 
3-one (Allyl-a-ionone) . 

Vetivenol 

*Vetivenyl acetate 

FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC 

Acetylbutyryl (2,3-Hexanedione) 

Acetyl propionyl 

Acetylvaleryl (2,3-Heptanedione) 

Ally! heptoate 

*Allyl hexanoate 

Allyl isothiocyanate (Synthetic mustard oil) 

Allyl mercaptan 

Allyl octanoate (Allyl caprylate) 

Allyl sorbate 

Allyl sulfide 

Amyl propionate 

Butyl butyrate 

Butyl butyryl lactate 

Butyl 10-undecylenate 

Citral dimethyl acetal 

*Citronellyl acetate 

Citronellyl butyrate 

Citronellyl ethyl ether 

Citronellyl formate 

Ci t rone 1 ly 1 i sobutyrat e 

Citronellyl oxyacetaldehyde 

Citronellyl propionate 

Decanal (Capraldehyde) 

Decyl acetate 

Diethyl sebacate 

Diethyl succinate 

Dihydromyrcenol 

Dihydromyrcenol and dihydromyrcenyl formate (Dimyrcetol)-- 

Dihydro s afro 1 

2,6-Dimethyl-5-hepten-l-al 

3,6-Dimethyl-S-hepten-2-oI and 7-Methyl-6-octen-3-ol 
(Brazinol) . 

3,7-Dimethyl-l,6-nonadien-3-ol 

3,7-Dimethyl-l,6-nonadien-3-ol, acetate 

3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadienal (Citral) 

*3, 7 -Dimethyl -cis- 2, 6-octadien-l-ol (Nerol) 

*3,7-Dimethyl-trans-2,6-octadienal (Citral a; Geranial) 

3,7-DimethyI-trans-2,6-octadienal dimethyl acetal 

*3, 7 -Dimethyl -trans -2, 6-octadien-l-ol (Geraniol) 

3,7-Dimethyl-l,6-octadien-3-ol (Linalool; Linalyl alcohol) 
3,7-Dimethyl-l,6-octadien-3-ol acetate (Linalyl 

acetate) . 
3,7-Dimethyl-l,6-octadien-3-yl isobutyrate (Linalyl 

isobutyrate) . 
3,7-Dimethyl-l,6-octadien-3-yl propionate (Linalyl 
propionate) . 

3,7-Dimethyloctan-l-al 

3,7-Dimethyl-l,7-octanediol 

3,7-Dimethyl-l-octanol (Dihydrocitronellol) 

3,7-Dimethyl-3-octanoI (Tetrahydrolinalool) 

3,7-Dimethyl-6-octen-l-al (Citronellal) 



HPC. 

GIV, NEO, PFW, UNG. 

RDA. 

ELN, GIV. 

ARS. 

GIV, IFF. 

GIV, UOP. 

CI, ELN, FB, GIV, IFF, NEO, UOP. 



ELN, 


FB, 


GIV, PFW. 


MRT. 






RT. 






RT. 






RT. 






RT. 






GIV. 






FB. 






ARS. 






GIV. 






GIV. 






ELN, 


GIV 


IFF, UOP 


GIV. 






IFF. 






ELN, 


GIV 


IFF. 


ELN, 


GIV 




IFF. 






GIV, 


IFF 




GIV, 


IFF 




GIV. 






ELN, 


FEL 




ELN, 


UCC 




IFF. 






IFF. 






CI. 






GIV. 






RDA. 







HOF. 

HOF. 

HOF. 

ELN, FB, GIV, GLD, IFF. 

CI, FB, FEL, GIV, LUE, UOP. 

CI. 

CI, ELN, FB, FEL, GIV, GLD, IFF, NCI, NEO, UNG, UOP. 

ELN, FB, FEL, GIV, GLD, HOF, LUE, SHL, UNG. 

ELN, FB, GIV, GLD, HOF, SHL, UNG. 

HOF. 

HOF, NEO. 

HOF. 
GIV. 
GIV. 
HOF. 
FB, GIV, IFF, UOP. 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 



131 



TABLE 2. 



■ Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS , ACYCLIC— Continued 

*3,7-Diraethyl-6-octen-l-ol (Citronellol) 

3,7-Dimethyl-7-octenol and 6-octenol isomer 

*Ethy 1 butyr at e 

Ethyl caprate 

Ethyl formate 

*Ethyl heptanoate 

*Ethyl hexanoate (Ethyl caproate) 

Ethyl isohexanoate 

Ethyl isovalerate 

Ethyl laurate 

Ethyl niyristate--r 

*Ethyl nonanoate 

Ethyl octanoate 

Ethyl propionate 

Ethyl valerate 

Ethylene brassy late 

Geranic acid 

Geranonitrile 

*Geranyl acetate 

Geranyl butyrate 

*Geranyl formate 

Geranyl isobutyrate 

Geranyl isovalerate 

Geranyl neryl formate 

*Glutaraic acid, monosodium salt (Monosodium glutamate) 

Y-Heptalactone 

Heptanal (Enanthaldehyde) 

Heptyl alcohol (1-Heptanol) 

2-Hexanal 

Hexanoic acid (Caproic acid) 

2-Hexanol 

cis-3-Hexen-l-ol 

cis-3-Hexen-l-ol lactate 

3-Hydroxy-2-butanone (Acetoin) 

*7-Hydroxy-3,7-dimethyl-l-octanal (Hydroxycitronellal) 

7-Hydroxy-3, 7-dimethyl octanal, dimethyl acetal 
(Hydroxycitronellal, dimethyl acetal). 

Isoamyl geranate 

Isobutyl acetate 

Isodihydro lavandul aldehyde 

Isodihydro lavandulol 

Isodihydro lavandulyl acetate 

*Isopentyl butyrate 

*Isopentyl formate 

*Isopentyl isovalerate 

Lauraldehyde 

Methyl amyl ketone 

Methyl isobutyrate 

Methyl isovalerate 

Methyl -6 -methylthiopropionate 

Methyl 2-nonenoate 

Methylol methyl hexyl ketone 

B-Methylthiopropionaldehyde 

2-Methylundecanal 

Muguol and tetrahydro muguol 

Hyrcenyl acetate 

Myristaldehyde 

Neryl acetate 

Nonanal 

Nonane diacetate 

Nonane-1 ,3-diol monoacetate 



CI, 


ELN, 


FB, 


GIV, 


GLD, IFF, OPC. 


GIV. 










FB, 


NW, RT, UOP. 




FB. 










FB, 


PFW. 








ELN, 


FEL 


RT. 






ELN, 


FB, 


NW, 


PFW, 


RT. 


PFW. 










FB, 


PFW. 








ELN, 


FB. 








RT. 










FB, 


FEL, 


GIV, 


RT. 




FB, 


RT. 








FB. 










PFW. 










RDA. 










FB. 










IFF. 










CI, 


ELN, 


FEL, 


GIV 


IFF, UNG, UOP 


CI, 


GIV. 








CI, 


ELN, 


GIV. 






IFF. 










FB. 










IFF 










COM, 


GRW 


IMC 






FB. 










NTL. 










NTL 










FB. 










FB. 










FB. 










GIV 


SW. 








RT. 










FMT 










GIV 


GLD 


IFF 


, OPC, UOP. 


GIV 










FB. 










FB, 


PFW. 








FB. 










FB. 










FB. 










FB, 


GIV, 


NW, 


PFW, 


UOP. 


ELN 


GIV 


, RT 






ELN 


FB, 


PFW 






GIV 


IFF 








CI. 










PFW 










FB. 










RT. 










GIV 










GIV 










RT 










GIV 










IFF 










IFF 










GIV 










GIV 










GIV 










CI. 










GIV 


, IFF 









132 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. --Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production or sales were 
reported, identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

Nonanol 

Nonyl acetate 

Ocimenol and acetate 

Oct anal 

3-Octanone (.Ethyl amyl ketone) 

Octyl acetate 

n-Octyl alcohol 

n-Octyl formate 

Omega decenol 

Pseudo linalyl acetate 

Pyrolysate ester 

*Rhodinol 

Rhodinyl acetate 

Rhodinyl formate 

Sodium allyl sulfonate 

Tepyl acetate 

3,7,ll-Trimethyl-l,6,10-dodecatriene-3-ol 

3,5,5-Trimethylhexyl acetate 

2,6,10-Trimethyl-9-undecen-l-al 

3,6, 10-Trimethyl-9-undecen-2-one 

Undecanal 

9-Undecenal 

10-Undecen-l-ol 

Y-Valero lactone • 



GIV 

CI, 

IFF. 

GIV, 

GIV. 

FB. 

GIV. 

FB. 

IFF. 

IFF. 

GIV. 

FB, 

GIV, 

IFF. 

SHL. 

UOP. 

HOF. 

OPC. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV, 

GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV. 



GIV. 
IFF. 



FEL, GIV, IFF, LUE, NEO, SHL. 

IFF. 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 
TABLE 3. — Flavor and perfume materials: Directory of manufacturers, 1970 



133 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names o£ manufacturers that reported production or sales o£ flavor and perfume materials to the U.S. Tariff 
Commission for 1970 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



Code 




Code 






identi- 


Name of Company 


identi- 


Name of Company 




fication 




fication 






ABB 


Abbott Laboratories 


LUE 


George Lueders S Co., Inc. 




ARA 


Arapahoe Chemicals Div. of Syntex Corp. 








ARS 


Arsynco, Inc. 








ARZ 


Arizona Chemical Co. 


MON 
MRT 
MYW 


Monsanto Co. 

Morton Chemical Co. 

Stepan Chemical Co.. Maywood Div. 




BPC 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Benzol Products 


NCI 


Union Camp Corp., Chemical Div. 




CFC 


Sun Chemical Corp. 


NEC 


Norda Essential Oil 5 Chemical Co., 


Inc. 


CI 


Chem-Pluer, Inc. 


NTL 


National Lead Co. 




COM 


Commercial Solvents Corp. 


NW 


Northwestern Chemical Co. 




DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. 


OPC 


Orbis Products Corp. 




ELN 


Elan Chemical Co. 


PD 

PEN 

PFW 


Parke, Davis S Co. 

CPC International, Inc., Penick Div 

Polak's Frutal Works, Inc. 




FB 


Pritzsche, Dodge & Olcott, Inc. 


PPZ 


Pfizer, Inc. 




PEL 


Felton International, Inc. 








FLO 


Florasynth, Inc. 








FMT 


Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc. 


RDA 


Rhodia, Inc. 




FRM 


Farmers' Chemical Co. 


RT 


F. Ritter 5 Co. 




GAP 


GAP Corp., Chemical Div. 


SHL 


Nitini, Inc. Div. of Shulton, Inc. 




GIV 


Givaudan Corp. 


SKC 


Sunkist Growers, Inc. 




GLD 


SCM Corp., Glidden-Durkee Div. 


SLV 


Sterwin Chemicals, Inc. 




GRW 


Great Western Sugar Co. 


SW 


Sherwin-Williams Co. 




HN 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc. 


TCC 


Tanatex Chemical Corp. 




HOP 


Hoffman- LaRoche, Inc. 








HPC 


Hercules, Inc. 


UCC 
UNG 


Union Carbide Corp. 
Ungerer 5 Co. 




IFF 


International Flavor S Fragrances, Inc. 


UOP 


Universal Oil Products Co., UOP 




IMC 


International Minerals S Chemical Corp. 




Chemical Div. 




LAK 


Lakeway Chemical Co. 


VEL 
VND 


Velsicol Chemical Corp. 
Van Dyk 5 Co., Inc. 





Note. --For the complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies, refer to table 1 in the Appendix. 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 135 



Plastics and resin materials are high molecular weight polymers 
which, at some stage in their manufacture, exist in such physical con- 
dition that they can be shaped or otherwise processed by the application 
of heat and pressure. Depending on the chemical composition, manufacturing 
process or intended use, the commercial products may contain plasticizers, 
fillers, extenders, stabilizers, coloring agents or other additives. 
Plastics materials may be molded, cast or extruded into semifinished or 
finished solid forms. Resin materials may be in the form of solutions, 
pastes or emulsions for applications such as protective coatings, 
adhesives, or paper and textile treatment. 

Statistics on U.S. production and sales of synthetic plastics and 
resin materials for 1970 are given in table 1.^ In general, the 
statistics follow the outline of the Tariff Commission's monthly re- 
port on the production and sales of synthetic plastics and resin materials 
(S.O.C. Series P-70); however, the data given include some resins and 
some companies which were not covered in the monthly reports and also 
some adjusted figures supplied by the original reporting companies. 
Consequently, many of the figures given in table 1 are reviSed from 
those shown in the Commission's monthly release dated March 15, 1971, 
containing 12-month cumulative totals for 1970. The end-use breakdowns 
shown were developed with the advice of representatives of the plastics 
industry, and the reported data reflect producers' determinations of 
the use categories for their materials. 

U.S. production of plastics and resin materials in 1970 totaled 
19,210 million pounds--an increase of 4 percent from the revised total 
of 18,557 million pounds produced in 1969. Sales in 1970 totaled 17,074 
million pounds, valued at $3,266 million compared with 15,922 million 
pounds, valued at $3,175 million in 1969. 

Thermosetting materials are those which harden with a change in 
composition in the final treatment so that they cannot again be softened 
by heat or solvents. U.S. production of thermosetting materials totaled 
3,525 million pounds in 1970 compared with the revised total of 3,544 
million pounds in 1969. Production of the most important products in 
1970 included phenolic resins (1,186 million pounds), urea and melamine 
resins (746 million pounds), alkyd resins (636 million pounds), and 
polyester resins (569 million pounds) . 

Thermoplastic materials are those which can be repeatedly softened 
by heat and shaped. U.S. production of thermoplastic materials totaled 
15,685 million pounds in 1970 compared with the revised total of 15,013 
million pounds in 1969. Production of the most important products in 
1970 included polyethylene (5,844 million pounds), vinyl resins (3,756 
million pounds), and styrene type materials (3,550 million pounds). 

^ See also table 2 which lists these products and identifies the 
manufacturers of each by codes. These codes are given in table 3. 



136 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 
TABLE 1.-- Plastics and resin materials: U.S. production and sales, 1970 



[Quantities and values are given in terms of the total weight of the materials (dry basis). Listed below are all 
plastics and resin materials for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders are 
used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were reported.) 
Table 2 lists all plastics and resin materials for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies 
the manufacturers of each] 



Kind and use 



Production 



Sales' 



Quantity 



Grand total 

Plastics and resin materials, benzenoid'* 

Plastics and resin materials, nonbenzenoid 

THERMOSETTING RESINS 

Total 

Alkyd resins, total 

Phthalic anhydride type 

Polybasic acid type 

Polyester resins, total^ 

Reinforced plastics sheets 

All other reinforced plastics 

Sur f ac e coatings 

All other domestic uses 

Export sales 

Styrene-alkyd polyesters 

Epoxy resins^: 

Unmodified, total 

Bonding and adhesives 

Protective coatings 

Reinforced plastics 

All other domestic uses 

Export sales 

Modified' 

Phenolic and other tar acid resins, total 

Molding compounds 

Bonding and adhesives resins for: 

Laminating 

Coated and bonded abrasives 

Friction materials 

Thermal insulation 

Foundry or shell molding 

Plywood 

Fibrous and granulated wood 

Protective coatings, unmodified and modified 

All other uses 

Export sales 

Polyurethane and diisocyanate resins (excluding foam and 

elastomers) 

Polyurethane and polyester polyols^- ■ 



1,000 

pounds 

dpy basis^ 

19,209,919 



6,799,570 
12,410,349 



5,524.691 



559,615 
75,992 



569,251 



3,886 
165,125 



(7,604) 
1,185,910 



337,984 

128,078 
29,648 
47,436 

132,822 
94,873 

199,233 
58,110 
37,949 

119,777 



126,301 
63,477 



1,000 
pounds 



17,074,309 



1,000 
do I lars 



3,266,081 



5,793,962 
11,280,347 



2,788,693 



1,298,725 
1,967,356 



661,529 



352,296 



^1,290 



271,577 
60,719 



505,950 



76,237 
15,053 



62,492 

364,259 

7,757 

60,531 

10,951 

3,624 

158,189 
16,928 
69,157 
33,223 
19,917 
18,984 
(6,086) 

°983,769 



1,564 
71,982 



(5,291) 
'195,494 



504,968 

83,620 
21,642 
4 3,286 
64,929 
80,669 

182,981 
48,205 
22,627 

112,150 
18,692 



99,015 
18,869 



59,430 
4,126 



See footnotes at end of table. 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 



137 



TABLE 1.-- Plastics and resin materials: U.S. production and sales , 1970--Cbntinued 



Kind and use 



Production' 



Quantity 



THERMOSETTING RESINS--Continued 

Urea and melamine resins, total 

Textile treating and coating resins 

Paper treating and coating resins 

Bonding and adhesives resins for: 

Laminating 

Plywood 

Fibrous and granulated wood 

Protective coatings (straight and modified) 

All other domestic uses (including molding) 

Export sales 

Dicyandiamide resins 

All other thermosetting resins" 

THERMOPLASTIC RESINS 

Total 

Acrylic resins'^ t-- 

Cellulosic plastics and resins'^ 

Polyamide resins, nylon type'^ 

Coumarone-indene and petroleum hydrocarbon resins, total - 
Floor tile 

Rubber compounding 

All other uses 

Export sales 

Rosin modifications, total 

Rosin and rosin esters, unmodified (ester gums) 

All other 

Polyethylene and copolymers, total 

Density 0.940 and below: '^ 

Production and sales, total 

Sales and use 

Injection molding 

Blow molding 

Film and sheet 

Extrusion coating 

Wire and cable 

Other extruded products except pipe and conduit 

All other domestic uses 

Export sales 

Density over 0.940: 

Production and sales, total — 

Sales and use 

Injection molding 

Blow molding 

Film and sheet 

Extrusion coating 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis^ 



85,834 
65,682 

50,754 
119,421 
219,436 

70,160 
134,915 



425 
28,507 



538,159 
182,178 
90,833 



31,835 
86,087 
164,712 



21,401 
65,466 



5,844,061 



1,604,454 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis^ 



"661,738 



1,000 
dollars 



°113,799 



72,791 
43,278 

35,069 
111,172 
209,771 

47,645 
128,778 

13,234 

379 
24,864 



14,285,616 



211 
25,388 



2,604,552 



461,912 
179,107 
81,218 



285,259 



229,800 
101,992 
64,431 



54,361 



31,803 
82,905 
130,251 
40,300 

84,769 



16,568 



20,149 
64,620 

5,416,792 



4,449 
12,119 



4,006,591 

4,049,524 

491,320 

42,011 

2,049,335 

381,322 

403,722 

22,787 

298,622 

360,405 

1,410,201 

1,644,816 

326,789 

593,884 

62,059 

21,382 



503,151 



See footnotes at end of table, 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 1. — Plastics and resin materials: U.S. production and sales, 1970- -Continued 



Kind and use 



Production 



Quantity 



Unit 
value^ 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis^ 



THERMOPLASTICS RESINS--Continued 

Polyethylene and copolyiiiers--Continued 
Density over 0.940 — Continued 
Production and sales--Continued 

Wire and cable 

Pipe and conduit 

Other extruded products 

All other domestic uses 

Export sales 

Polypropylene, production and sales, total 

Sales and use 

Injection molding 

Film and sheet 

Fibers and filaments 

Other extruded products 

All other domestic uses (including blow molding 
extrusion, coating, wire and cable, and pipe 

and conduit) 

Export sales 

Styrene plastics materials, total 

ABS (acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene) and SAN 

(styrene-acrylonitrile) resins, total 

Molding 

Extrusion 

All other domestic uses 

Export sales 

Styrene polymers and copolymers, other: 

Production and sales, total 

Straight polystyrene 

Rubber-modified polystyrene 

Styrene r-butadiene copolymer 

All other styrene polymers 

Sales and use 

Molding 

Textile and paper coating and treating 

Emulsion paint 

Extrusion 

All other domestic uses (including foam and 

foamable materials) 

Export sales 

Vinyl and vinylidene resins, total''* 

Polyvinyl chloride and copolymers, production 

and sales 

Suspension homopolymer resins 

Suspension copolymer resins 

Dispersion (paste) resins and latexes 

Polyvinyl chloride and copolymers, sales and 

use, total 

Calendering, except flooring 

Flooring, calendered 

Flooring , coated 

Paper and textile uses 



3,549,713 



567,707 



2,982,006 

1,157,276 

1,213,368 

395,599 

215,763 



3.756,393 



3,115,204 

2,232,008 

519,026 

364,170 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis^ 



31,034 

60,238 

20,560 

303,617 

225,253 

963.512 



1,000 
dollars 



Per 
pound 



190.475 



995,997 
398,234 

88,689 
249,848 

43,224 



83,453 
132,549 



3,228,108 



619,152 



538,063 
293,453 
170,953 
48,680 
24,977 



2,804,776 
1,395,781 

316,585 
36,781 

447,595 

504,445 
103,589 

3,346,561 



517,486 



2,985,214 

457,957 

247,227 

75,074 

93,395 



See footnotes at end of table. 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS , 

TABLE 1.— Plastics and resin materials: U.S. production and sales , 1970— Continued 



139 



Kind and use 



Sales' 



Production' 



Quantity 



Unit 
value^ 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis^ 



THERMOPLASTICS RES INS- -Continued 

Vinyl and vinylidene resins --Continued 

Polyvinyl chloride and copolymers, sales and 
use--Continued 

Protective coatings and adhesives 

Wire and cable 

Extruded film and sheet 

Other extruded products 

Sound records 

Injection and flow molding 

Plastisol formulating and molding 

All other domestic uses 

Export sales 

Polyvinyl acetate:'" 

Production and sales, total 

Latexes 

Resins 

Sales and use, total 

Emulsion paints 

Adhesives 

Paper- treating 

Textile- treating 

All other domestic uses 

Export sales 

Polyvinyl alcohol 

Other vinyl and vinylidene resins 

All other thermoplastic resins" 



422,320 

328,022 

94,298 



48,784 
170,085 



323,531 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis 



85,399 
408,726 
193,620 
492,429 
140,580 
113,365 
113,054 
376,394 
187,994 

365,259 



382,506 

134,848 

123,973 

22,754 

17,215 

79,934 

3,782 

39,571 

94,730 

238,378 



1,000 
dollars 



12,734 
36,646 



Data for each specified end use are based on a percentage breakdown which includes captive consumption as well 
as sales by original producers, unless otherwise specified. To avoid disclosures of individual company operations, 
some totals are made equal to sales rather than sales-plus-use. Data for export sales include materials for all 
uses and exclude fabricated and semi-fabricated forms. 
^ Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Dry weight basis unless otherwise specified. Dry weight basis is the total weight of the material including 
resin and coloring agents, extenders, fillers, plasticizers, and other additives, but excluding water and other 
liquid diluents unless they are an integral part of the material. 

'' Includes benzenoid plastics and resin materials as defined in part I of schedule 4 of the Tariff Schedules of 
the United States . 

^ Polyester resins are unsaturated alkyd resins, later to be copolymerized with a monomer (such as styrene or methyl 
methacrylate) ; and polyallyl resins (such as diallyl phthalate and diglycol carbonate^ . Data are on an "as sold" 
basis, including monomer if part of the resin system. Production and sales totals have been revised downward from 
the monthly reports because some companies had reported incorrectly. The same revisions for the 1969 data would bring 
those totals just below the 1970 totals. 

^ Includes reactive diluents which are an integral part of the resin. Excludes the weight of hardeners sold in 
association with the resin as part of a two-component system. 

Data shown for modified epoxy resins are that part of the unmodified epoxy resins which is further processed. 
° Data represent sales only. 

Data represent polyether and polyester polyols which are intermediates for polyurethanes and are not themselves 
used as plastics or resins. The data do not include isocyanates or other intermediates for polyurethanes. The data 
here are incomplete because most of the polyurethane polyols are reported as polyhydric alcohol derivatives in the 
Miscellaneous Chemicals section. 

About 70 percent of production consisted of urea-formaldehyde type. 

Includes silicone resins, furfuryl-type resins, toluenesulfonamide resins, acetone- formaldehyde resins, and other 
thermosetting resins. 

Does not include production or sales for fiber use. 

Includes data for ethylene copolymers. Sales do not include sales by primary producers to other primary 
producers; sales do include resales of purchased material by primary producers. Sales and use data are from 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 

TABLE 1. --Plastics and resin materials: U.S. production and sales , 1970-- Continued 

Footnotes for table 1 — Continued 



preliminary monthly reports which are not necessarily consistent with final annual data. 

"* Data are on the basis of dry resin content, excluding the weight of plasticizers, extenders, fillers, coloring 
agents, stabilizers or impact modifiers, unless otherwise noted. 

Data for polyvinyl acetate produced and sold in latex form include the weight of any protective colloids which 
are used as emulsion stabilizers and form an integral part of the resin system. Production does not include poly- 
vinyl acetate used as a reactive intermediate for polyvinyl alcohol or other vinyl resins. 

'^ Includes polyvinylidene chloride, polyvinyl butyral, polyvinyl formal, and other vinyl resins. 

'' Includes acetal resins, polyester (mostly terephthalate) resins, polycarbonate resins, polyterpene resins, 
non-nylon polyamide resins, a-methylstyrene resins, fluorocarbon resins, polybutylene-type resins, polyimide-type 
resins, polyether Cnon-urethane) resins, and other thermoplastics. 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 



141 



TABLE 2. --Plastics and resin materials for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 

[Plastics and resin materials for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an 
asterisk (*); chemicals not so marked to not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in cc 
fidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 3. 
X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



THERMOSETTING RESINS 



Acetone-formaldehyde resins- 
*Alkyd resins, domestic: 

*Phthalic anhydride type 



*Polybasic acid type- 



'Polyester resins- 



Silicone resins 

*Styrene-alkyd polyesters 

Epoxy resins : 

*Unmodified 

*Modified 

Furfuryl-type resins 

*Phenolic and other tar acid resins- 



*Polyurethane and diisocyanate resins- 

*Polyurethane and polyester polyols 

*Urea and melamine resins 



*Dicyandiamide resins 

All other thermosetting resins- 



ACY, SNW. 

ACY, APT, APV, ASH, ATR, BAL, BEN, BRU, CEL, CIK, CM, 
COM, CPV, DEC. DSO, DUN, DUP, EW, FAR, FBR, FCD, 
FLW, FOC, FRE, FSH, GEl, GIL, GLD, GRG, GRV, HAN,, 
ICF, IPC, JOB, JSC, JWL, KMC, KMP, KPS, KPT, KYN, 
MCC, MID, MMM, MNP, NCI, NPV, OBC, PER, PFP, PLS, 
PPG, PRT, PRX, RCl, RED, REL, RH, SCN, SIP, SKT, 
SM, SW, SYV, TV, X, X, x. 

ACY, APV, ASH, BEN, CGL, CM, COM, DEC, DUN, DUP, EW, 
FBR, FCD, FOC, GEl, GLD, GRV, HAN, HPC, HYC, 
ICF, KMC, KYN, MCC, MID, MMM, MOB, NCI, NPV, PPG, 
RCI, RED, RH, SCN, SKT, SM, SK, TV, x. 

ACP, ACR, ACY, APD, ASH, CGL, CPV, DA, DEG, DSO, EPC, 
EW, FMP, FRE, GEl, GLD, GNT, GRG, GRV, GYR, HKD, 
ICF, IPC, KMC, KPS, KPT, MFG, MMM, MRO, OCF, ORO, 
PLU, PPG, RCI, SCN, SED, SHA, SIC, SW, SYV, TXT, 
VAL, X. 

ASH, CGL, DCC, RCI, SPD, UCC . 

ASH, CGL, EW, FLW, JOB, MCC. 

CEL, CGY, DOW, RCI, RSY, SHC, UCC. 

ASH, DSO, EW, FAR, FOM, HAP, IOC, JOB, MID, MMM, MNP, 

MRB, MRT, NPV, OCF, PRX, RELj SCN, SED, SKT, x. 
HVG, TXT, UNO. 

ABS, ACR, AMR, ASH, BME, BOR, CBC, CBD, CBM, CD, CGL, 
CLK, CPV, DSO, EW, FCD, FOM, FRE, FRL, GE, GEl, GRG, 
GRV, HAN, HER, HKD, HPC, HVG, ICF, INL, IOC, IRl, 
KPT, KYN, MCA, MID, MMM, MON, MRB, NCI, NPP, NTC, 
OCF, PAI, PGU, PLS, PPG, PPL, PRX, PYZ, RAB, RCD, 
RCI, REL, RGC, RH, RPC, SCN, SHA, SIM, SKT, SNC, 
SPL, SW, SYV, UCC, UNO, UPL, VSV, WCA, WRD. 
ASH, BFG, CEL, CGL, DA, DUP, EW, FAR, FRE, GPM, HAP, 
HYC, ICI, JWL, KMC, MCC, MID, NPV, PEL, PFP, PFZ, 
PRT, PVI, PYR, QUN, RCI, SCN, SKT, UPJ, WTC, x. 
DUP, MOB, PFZ, RCI, SPD, WTC. 

ACP, ACY, AMR, APX, ASH, BOR, CAP, CBC, CBD, CEL, CGL, 
CLK, CMP, CPV, DAN, DSO, DUP, EFH, FOR, GAF, GLD, 
GRV, HAN, HNC, HPC, HRT, IRI, JSC, KPS, MID, MMM, 
MON, NPP, NTC, OCF, PC, PGU, PMC, PPG, PPL, QCP, RCI, 
REL, RH, RPC, SAC, SBC, SED, SNW, SOR, STc| SW, SYV, 
TXT, UNO, UPL, USO, VAL, WRD, x. 
ECC, CGY, JSC, RPC, SBC, SNW, VAL, WIC. 
EW, MON, RH, USR, VAL. 



462-669 O - 72 - 10 



142 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. — Plastics and resin materials for which U. S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



THERMOPLASTIC RESINS 

Acetal resins 

* Aery lie resins 

*Cellulosic plastics and resins 

Polyamide resins: 

*Nylon type 

Non-nylon type 

*Coumarone-indene and petroleum hydrocarbon resins- 

Fluorocarb on resins 

*Rosin modifications: 

*Rosin and rosin esters, unmodified (ester gums)- 
*A11 other 

•Polyethylene and copolymers: 

•Density 0.940 and below 

•Density over 0.940 

•Ethylene copolymers 

•Polypropylene resins 

Polybutene and polyisobutylene resins 

Polycarbonate resins 

Polyester resins, saturated 

Polyterpene resins 

•Styrene type plastics materials: 

•ABS and SAN resins 

•Styrene and styrene copolymer resins other than 
ABS and SAN. 



a-Methylstyrene polymers 

•Vinyl resins: 

•Polyvinyl chloride and copolymer resins- 

•Polyvinyl acetate resins 

•Polyvinyl alcohol resins 

Polyvinyl butyral resins 

Polyvinylidene chloride resins 

All other vinyl resins 

All other thermoplastic resins 



CEL, DUP. 

ACY, ASH, BAS, CEL, DUP, EFH, FLH, GLC, GLX, HNC, 
HRT, JNS, JOB, JSC, KMC, NPV, PCI, PVI , QUN, RH, 
RPC, SAR, SED, SEY, UCC, VAL, VPC, WAY, WIC, x. 

CEL, DOW, EKT, HN, HPC, MON, RSB, SKT, SPY. 

ALF, BCM, CEL, DUP, FG, GNM, GOC, HN, MON, POL, SNW. 

DUP, EMR, GNM, UCC. 

ACC. ACP, DSO, DUP, ENJ, MID, NEV, PAI, PPG, RCI, 

SKT, VEL, WTC. 
DUP, ICl, MMM. 

APV, ASH, CBY, DPP, FAR, FLW, FRP, MCC, NCI, SKT. 
APV, ASH, CBY, DPP, EW, FAR, FRP, NCI, RH, SCF. 

ACP, CBN, CEL, CPX, DOW, DUP, EKX, ENJ, GOC, KPP, 

MON, RCC, SHC, UCC, USI . 
ACP, CEL, CPX, DOW, DUP, EKX, GOC, HPC, KPP, MON, PLC, 

UCC, USI, X. 
DSO, DUP, ENJ, USI. 

ACC, DA, EKX, ENJ, HPC, NVT, RCC, SHC. 

ENJ, RH, SM. 

GE, MOB. 

DUP, EKT. 

CBY, HPC, PAI, SCN. 

BFG, DOW, FBF, FIR, GRD, KPP, MCB, MON, RCC, UCC, USR. 

ACC, AEP, ATR, BAS, BCN, BFG, BOR, CSD, DOW, DPI, DSO. 
DUP, FBF, FG, FIR, FLH, GAF, GLD, GNT, GOR, GRD, GYR, 
HLM, IOC, JNS, JSC, KPP, MNV, MON, MRT, NLC, ONX, PAI, 
PLA, POL, PRX, PVI, RCC, RH, RPC, SBI, SHC, SKT, 
SOL, SPE, UBS, UCC, UOC, USR, WIC, x. 

ACC, DOW. 

ACP, AME, BFG, BOR, CPL, CUC, DA, DOW, ESC, FIR, GNT, 
GRA, GYR, HN, KYS, MON, NSC, PNT, RUB, SFA, THC, 
TNA, UCC, USR. 

AML, ASH, BEN, BOR, CEL, CUC, DAN, DSO, DUP, FAR, FLH, 
FSH, GLC, GLD, GRD, HAN, HNC, HRT, JOB, JSC, KMC, 
KMP, MCC, MMM, MON, NPV, NSC, OBC, OCF, ONX, PII, 
PPG, PRX, PVI, QCP, RCI, RPC, SBI, SCO, SED, SEY, 
SPC, UCC, UOC, WIC, X. X. X. 

BOR, CUC, DUP, MON, SEY. 

DUP, MON, UCC. 

BAS, DOW, DUP, GRD, MRT. 

EW, MCC, MON, UCC, USR. 

ACC, DUP, RPC, WTC, x. 



PLASTICS AND RESESf MATERIALS 



143 



TABLE 3. --Plastics and resin materials: Directory of manufacturers, 1970 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 



[Names of manufacturers that reported production or sales of plastics and resin materials to the U.S. Tariff 
Commission for 1970 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



Code 




Code 




identi- 


Name of company 


identi- 


Name of company 


fication 




fication 




ABS 


Abex Corp., American Brakeblok Div 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours 6 Co., Inc. 


ACC 


Amoco Chemical Corp. 






AGP 


Allied Chemical Corp., Plastics Div. 


ECC 


Eastern Color f, Chemical Co. 


ACR 


CPC International, Inc., Acme Resin Div, 


EFH 


E. F. Houghton S Co. 


ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. 




Eastman Kodak Co.: 


AEP 


A § E Plastics Pak Co., Inc. 


EKT 


Tennessee Eastman Co., Div. 


ALF 


Allied Chemical Corp., Fibers Div. 


EKX 


Texas Eastman Go. Div. 


AME 


American Chemical Corp. 


EMR 


Emery Industries, Inc. 


AML 


Amalgamated Chemical Corp. 


ENJ 


Enjay Chemical Co. 


AMR 


Pacific Resins S Chemical Co. 


EPC 


Epoxylite Com. 


APD 


Atlas Chemical Industries, Inc. 


ESC 


Air Products f, Chemicals, Inc. Escambia 


APT 


Whittaker Corp., Mol Rez Div. 




Chemical Plant 


APV 


Armstrong Chemcon 


EW 


Westinghouse Electric Corp., Industrial 


APX 


Apex Chemical Co., Inc. 




Plastics Div. , Chemical Products Plant 


ASH 


Ashland Oil, Inc., Ashland Chemical Co. 








Div. 


FAR 


Farnow, Inc. 


ATR 


Atlantic Richfield Co., ARCO Chemical Co. 


FBF 


Dart Industries, Inc., Fiberfil Div. 




Div. 


FBR 


Pabco Paint Corp. 






FCD 


France, Campbell § Darling, Inc. 


BAL 


Baltimore Paint § Chemical Corp. 


FG 


Foster Grant Co., Inc. 


BAS 


BASF-Wyandotte Corp. 


FIR 


Firestone Tire § Rubber Co., Firestone 


BCM 


Belding Chemical Industries 




Plastics Co. Div. 


BCN 


Lehn S Fink Products Corp., Beacon Div. 


FLH 


H. B. Fuller Co. 


BEN 


Bennett ' s 


FLW 


Fuller-O'Brien Com. 


BFG 


B. F. Goodrich Co., B.F. Goodrich Chemical 




FMC Corp . : 




Co. Div. 


FHP 


Organic Chemicals Div. 


BME 


Bendix Corp., Friction Materials Div. 


FOG 


Farac Oil fi Chemical Co. Div of Handschy 


BOR 


Borden Co., Borden Chemical Co. Div. 




Chemical Co. 


BRU 


M. A. Bruder 5 Sons, Inc. 


FOM 


Formica Corp. 






FRE 


Freeman Chemical Corp. 


CAP 


DuPlan Corp., Rochester Button Div. 


FRL 


Firestone Tire § Rubber Co., Firestone 


CBC 


Georgia-Pacific Corp., Coos Bay Div. 




Foam Products Co. 


CBD 


Chembond Corp. 


FRP 


FRP Company 


CBM 


Carborundum Co., Coated Abrasives Div. 


FSH 


Frish § Go. , Inc. 


CBN 


Cities Service Co., Petrochemicals Group 






CBY 


Crosby Chemicals, Inc. 


GAF 


GAF Corp . : 


CD 


Budd Co., Polychem Div. 




Chemical Div. 


CEL 


Celanese Corp. : 




Textile Chemicals Div. 




Celanese Coatings Co. 


GE 


General Electric Co.: 




Celanese Plastics Co. 


GEI 


Insulating Materials Dept. 


CGL 


Cargill, Inc. 


GIL 


Gilman Paint § Varnish Co. 


CGY 


Giba-Geigy Corp. S Ciba Products Co. Div. 


GLG 


General Latex § Chemical Corp. 


crfc 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc., Gal/Ink Div. 


GLD 


SCM Corp., Glidden-Durkee Div. 


CLK 


Clark Oil § Refining Corp., Clark Chemical 


GLX 


Electro-Seal Glasflex Corp. 




Co. 


GNM 


General Mills, Chemical Inc. 


CM 


Carpenter-Morton Co. 


GNT 


General Tire S Rubber Co., Chemical Div. 


CMP 


Commercial Products Co., Inc. 


GOG 


Gulf Oil Corp., Gulf Oil Go. 


COM 


Commercial Solvents Corp. 




Chemicals Dept. - United States 


CPL 


Conoco Plastics 


GOR 


Gordon Chemical Co., Inc. 


CPV 


Cook Paint 5 Varnish Co. 


GPM 


General Plastics Manufacturing Co. 


CPX 


Ghemplex Co. 


GRA 


Great American Chemical Corp. 


CSD 


Gosden Oil § Chemical Co. 


GRD 


W. R. Grace 5 Co., Polymers Chemicals Div. 


cue 


Air Reduction Co., Inc., Chemical 


GRG 


P. D. George Go. 




S Plastics Div. 


GRV 


Guardsman Chemical Coatings, Inc. 






GYR 


Goodyear Tire § Rubber Go. 


DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. 






DAN 


Dan River Mills, Inc. 


HAN 


Hanna Chemical Coating Corp. 


DAV 


Conchemco, Inc., H. B. Davis Co. Div. 


HAP 


Applied Plastics Co., Inc. 


DCC 


Dow Coming Corp. 


HER 


Heresite 5 Chemical Co. 


DEC 


Degan Oil 5 Chemical Co. 


HKD 


Hooker Chemical Corp., Durez Div. 


DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. 


HLM 


U.S. Industries, Inc., E. Helman Go. Div. 


DPI 


Diamond Plastics, Inc. 


HN 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc. 


DPP 


Dixie Pine Products Co., Inc. 


HNC 


H.§ N Chemical Co. 


DSO 


DeSoto, Inc. 


HPC 


Hercules, Inc. 


DUN 


Frank W. Dunne Co. 


HRT 


Hart Products Corp. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 
TABLE 3. --Plastics and resin materials: Directory of manufacturers, 1970— Continued 



Name of company 



Haveg Industries 

Dexter Corp., Hysol Co. Div. 

Inmont Corp. 
I ICI America, Inc. 

Inland Steel Co., Inland Steel Container 

Co. Div. 
lonac Chemical Co. Div of Sybron Corp. 
Interplastic Corp., Commerical Resins Div. 
Ironsides Resins, Inc. 

S. C. Johnson S Son Inc. 
Jones-Blair Paint Co. 
Jersey State Chemical Co. 
Jewel Paint f, Varnish Co. 

Kohler-McLister Paint Co. 

Kelly-Moore Paint Co. 

Sinclair-Koppers Co. 

Koppers Pittsburgh Co. 

Koppers Co., Organic Materials Div. 

Kyanize Paints, Inc. 

Keysor Chemical Corp. 

Masonite Corp., Alpine Div. 

Borg-Warner Corp., Marbon Chemical Div. 

McCloskey Varnish Co. 

North American Rockwell Corp., Reinforced 

Plastic Operations, Automotive Products Di\ 
Dexter Corp., Midland Div. 
Minnesota Mining S Manufacturing Co. 
Minnesota Paints, Inc. 
Johns-Manville Corp. 
Mobay Chemical Co. 
Monsanto Co. 
Marblette Co., Div. of Allied Products 

Corp. 
W. R. Grace 8 Co., Marco Chemical Div. 
Morton Chemical Co. 

Union Camp Corp., Chemical Div. 

Neville Chemical Co. 

Nalco Chemical Co. 

Enjay Chemical Co., Enjay Fibers 5 Laminates 

Co. Div. 
Norris Paint S Varnish Co., Inc. 
National Starch S Chemical Corp. 
National Casein Co. 
Novamont Corp., Neal Works 

O'Brien Corp. 

Owens-Coming Fiberglas Corp. 

Millmaster Onyx Corp., Onyx Chemical Corp. 

Chevron Chemical Co. 

Pennsylvania Industrial Chemical Corp. 

Proctor Chemical Co., Inc. 

Pioneer Chemical Works, Inc. 

Pelron Corp. 

Perry S Derrick Co. 

Midwest Manufacturing Corp. 

Pfizer, Inc. 

Gulf Oil Corp., Gulf Adhesives 

Polymer Industries, Inc. 

Richardson Co., Polymeric Div. 

Phillips PetroleiM Co. 

Plastics Engineering Co. 



Code 
identi- 
fication 



PLU 

p^c 

PNT 

pni 

PPG 
PPL 
PRT 
PRX 
PVI 

PYR 
PYZ 

OCP 

dlTN 

RAB 
RCC 
RCD 
RCI 
RED 
REL 



RPC 
RSB 
RSY 
RUB 

SAC 
SAR 
SBC 
SBI 

SCF 
SCN 
SCO 
SED 

SEY 
SFA 

SHA 

SHC 

SIC 

SIM 

SIP 

SKT 

SM 

SNC 

SNW 

SOL 

SOR 

SPC 

SPD 

SPE 
SPL 
SPY 
STC 



THC 
TNA 



Name of company 



Plumb Chemical Corp. 

Plastics Manufacturing Co. 

Pantasote Co. 

Polymer Corp. 

PPG Industries, Inc. 

Pioneer Plastics Corp. 

Pratt § Lambert, Inc. 

Purex Corp. , Ltd. 

Polyvinyl Chemicals, Inc., Div of 

Beatrice Foods Co. 
Poly Resins 
Polyrez Co. , Inc. 

Quaker Chemical Com. 
K. J. Quinn S Co. , Inc. 

Raybestos-Manhattan, Inc., Raybestos Div. 

Rexene Polymers Co . 

Richardson Co. 

Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 

Red Spot Paint Co., Inc. 

Reliance Universal, Inc. 

§ Rel Rez Div. 
Rogers Corp. 
Rohm 5 Haas Co. 

Millmaster Onyx Corp., Refined-Onyx Div. 
Rosenberg Bros, fj Co. 
Resyn Corp. 
Hooker Chemical Corp., Ruco Div. 

Southeastern Adhesives Co. 

Sartouier Resins, Inc. 

Scher Bros . , Inc . 

Standard Brands Chemical Industries, Inc. 

Schaefer Varnish Co. , Inc. 

Schenectady Chemicals, Inc. 

Scholler Bros. , Inc. 

Conchemco, Inc., Kansas City 

Div. 
Seydel-Woolley S Co., Inc. 
Stauffer Chemicals Co., Specialty 

Chemical Div. 
Shanco Plastics 5 Chemicals, Inc. 
Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 
Vistron Corp., Silmax Div. 
Simpson Timber Co. 
Sipes Chemical Coatings Co. 
Textron Inc., Spencer Kellogg Div. 
Mobil Chemical Co. 
Sonoco Products Co. 
Sun Chemical Corp., Chemicals Div. 
Solar Chemical Corp. 
Thomason Industries, Inc., Southern Resin 

Div. 
Sinclair Paint Co. 
General Electric Co., Silicone Products. 

Dept. 
Petrochemical Investment Corp. 
Saulding Fibre Co., Inc. 
Standard Pyroxoloid Corp. 
Sou-Tex Chemical Co., Inc. 
Sherwin-Williams Co. 
Synvar Corp. 

Olin Corp., Thompson Plastics 

Ethyl Corp. 

Sun Chemical Corp., General Printing Ink Div. 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 
TABLE 3. --Plastics and resin materials: Directory of manufacturers, 1970 — Continued 



145 



Code 




Code 




identi- 


Name of company 


identi- 


Name of company 


fication 




fication 




TXT 


1 ■ 

Textilana Corp. 


USR 


Uniroyal, Inc., Chemical Div. 


UBS 


A. E. Staler Manufacturing Co., Staley 


VAL 


"Valchem 




Chemicals Div. 


VEL 


"Veliscol Chemical Corp. 


UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 


VPC 


Verona Corp. 


UNO 


United-Erie, Inc. 


VSV 


Valentine Sugars, Inc. 


UOC 


Union Oil Co. of California 






UPJ 


Upjohn Co. 


WAY 


Philip A. Hunt Chemical Corp., 


UPL 


Champion Papers, Inc., U.S. Plywood Div., 




Wayland Chemical Div. 




California Operations, Shasta Area 


WCA 


West Coast Adhesives Co, 


USI 


National Distillers § Chemical Corp.: 


WIC 


Wica Chemical Inc. 




U.S. Industrial Chemicals Co. Div. 


WTO 


Weyerhaeuser Co., Wood Products 


USI 


National Petro Chemical Corp. 




Div. 


USO 


U. S. Oil Co. 


WTC 


Witco Chemical Co. , Inc. 



Note. --For complete names and addresses of the above reoorting companies, refer to table 1 in the Appendix. 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS 147 



Rubber-processing chemicals are organic compounds that are added 
to natural and" synthetic rubbers to give them qualities necessary for 
their conversion into finished rubber goods. In this report, statis- 
tics are given for cyclic and acyclic compounds, by use--such as 
accelerators, antioxidants, blowing agents, and peptizers. Data on 
production and sales of rubber-processing chemicals in 1970 are given 
in table 1. ^ 

Production of rubber-processing chemicals as a group in 1970 
amounted to 298 million pounds, or 1.7 percent less than the 303 rail- 
lion pounds reported for 1969. Sales of rubber-processing chemicals 
in 1970 amounted to 228 million pounds, valued at $149 million, com- 
pared with 229 million pounds, valued at $144 million, in 1969. The 
decreased production and sales of rubber-processing chemicals in 1970 
is attributable principally to the decreased production and sales of 
acyclic compotmds, particularly the dithiocarbamic acid derivatives. 

The output of cyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1970 amounted 
to 255 million poimds, or about the same amovmt that was reported for 

1969. Sales in 1970 were 196 million pounds, valued at $134 million, 
compared with 194 million pounds, valued at $127 million in 1969. Of 
the total output of cyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1970, accel- 
erators accounted for 35.1 percent and antioxidants for 60.0 percent. 
Production of antioxidants, which amounted to 153.2 million pounds in 

1970, included 114.6 million pounds of amino compounds and 38.7 million 
pounds of phenolic and phosphite compounds. Sales of amino antioxi- 
dants in 1970 were 86.4 million pounds, valued at $60.7 million; sales 
of phenolic and phosphite antioxidants were 29.4 million poimds, valued 
at $22.1 million. 

Production of acyclic rubber -processing chemicals in 1970 amounted 
to 42.8 million pounds, a decrease of 12.1 percent from the 48.7 million 
pounds reported for 1969. Sales in 1970 totaled 31.4 million potinds, 
valued at $15.4 million, compared with 35.5 million pounds, valued at 
$17.2 million, in 1969. Accelerators, principally dithiocarbamic acid 
derivatives and tetramethylthiuram sulfides, accounted for 50.8 percent 
of the output of acyclic rubber-processing chemicals for 1970. Dodecyl 
mercaptans accounted for 31.2 percent. Blowing agents, modifiers, 
shortstops, and lubricating and conditioning agents accounted for the 
remainder of the output of acyclic compounds. 



See also table 2 which lists these products and identifies the 
manufacturers by code. These codes are given in table 3. 



148 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 1. — Rubber-processing chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1970 



[Listed below are all rubber-processing chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were 
reported.) Table 2 lists separately all rubber-processing chemicals for which data on production or sales were re- 
ported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



Sales 



Quantity 



Unit 
value 



Grand total 

RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

Total 

Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents, total 

Aldehyde-amine reaction products 

Dithiocarbamic acid derivatives 

Thiazole derivatives, total 

N-Cyclohexyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

2,2'-Dithiobis(benzothiazole) 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, zinc salt 

All other thiazole derivatives ■; 

AH other accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents' 

Antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers, total 

Amino compounds, total 

Substituted p-phenylenediamines, total 

N,N'-Bis(l,4-dimethylpentyl) -p-phenylenedi amine 

N,N'-Diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine 

All other substituted p-phenylenediamines 

Octyldiphenylamine 

N-Phenyl-2-naphthylamine 

All other amino compounds' 

Phenolic compounds, total 

Polyphenolics (including bisphenols) 

Phenol, alkylated 

Phenol, styrenated 

All other phenolic compounds 

Phosphite compounds--.-,-- — ' 

Retarder: N-Nitrosodiphenyisjnine 

All other cyclic rubber-processing chemicals 

RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents, total 

Dithiocarbamic acid derivatives, total^ 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

All other dithiocarbamic acid derivatives 



1,000 



1,740 

271 

77,268 

5,903 
23,202 

6,923 

4,867 
36,373 
10,286 



153.245 



114,561 

60,303 

5,337 

1,757 

53,209 

3,130 

4,348 

46,780 

23,619 

13,546 

7,131 

1,444 

1,498 

15,065 

1,528 
11,139 



21,765 



8,196 
2,525 
2,483 
1,456 
1,732 



1,000 



227,861 



196,485 



69,627 



1,323 

212 

58,389 

4,680 
11,029 

5,250 

4,086 
33,344 

9,703 

115,817 



86,397 
41,066 

1,472 

39,594 

1,946 

43,385 
19,484 
12,243 
4,612 
1,272 
1,357 
9,936 

830 
10,211 



15,768 



7,039 
2,386 
2,176 
1,386 
1,091 



1,000 
dollars 



148,959 



40.364 



1,415 
506 

30,783 
3,605 
5,887 
2,111 
2,104 

17,076 
7,660 

82_,725 



60,669 
38,335 

1,519 

36,816 

1.064 

21,270 
17,172 
13,353 
2,246 
510 
1,063 
4,884 

514 
9,931 



9.722 



5,139 
1,988 
1,215 
622 
1,314 



Per 
pound 



$0.65 



1.07 
2.39 
.53 
.77 
.53 
.40 
.51 
.51 
.79 



.71 
.70 
.93 



1.09 
.49 
.40 
.78 
.49 

.62 
.97 



.49 
.62 



.45 
1.20 



See footnotes on following page. 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS 
TABLE 1. — Rubber-processing chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1970- -Continued 



149 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Unit 
value^ 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC- -Continued 

Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents--Continued 
Thiurams, total 

Bisfdimethylthiocarbamoyl) disulfide 

Bis(dimethylthiocarbamoyl) sulfide 

All other thiurams 

All other accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents-- 

Polymerization regulators: Dodecyl mercaptans 

Shortstops: Dimethyldithiocarbami-c acid, sodium salt 

All other acyclic rubber-processing chemicals' 



1,000 
pounds 



13,243 
8,613 
2,130 
2,500 
326 

13,358 
3,882 
3,809 



1,000 
pounds 



8,511 

5,942 

1,800 

769 

218 

11,474 
1,253 
2,881 



1,000 
do I lars 



4,356 

2,565 

1,345 

446 

227 

4,115 

318 

1,270 



Per 
pound 



Calculated from rounded figures. 
^ Includes guanidines. 

^ Includes aldehyde- and acetone-amine reaction products . 
" Includes blowing agents, peptizers and other uses not separately shown. 

Data on dithiocarbamates included in this table are for materials used chiefly in the processing of natural 
and synthetic rubbers. Data on dithiocarbamates which are used chiefly as fungicides are included in the section 
"Pesticides and Related Products". 

^ Includes data for small amounts of tetramethylthiuram sulfides for uses other than in the processing of natural 
and synthetic rubbers. 

Includes xanthates and disulfides. 

Includes blowing agents, conditioning and lubricating agents, polymerization regulators, shortstops and 
physical property improvers. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. 



-Rubber-processing chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 



[Rubber-processing chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an asterisk (*); 
chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not 
be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 3. An x signifies that the 
manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

* Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents: 
*Aldehyde-amine reaction products: 

Acet aldehyde-aniline condensate 

n-Butyraldehyde- aniline condensate 

Butyraldehyde-butylideneaniline condensate 

a-Ethyl-6-propylacrylanilide 

Hept aldehyde-aniline condensate 

Triethy It rimethylenetri amine 

*Dithiocarbamic acid derivatives: 

nibenzyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

Dibenzyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, N,N-dimethylcyclohexyl- 

amine salt. 
Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, diphenylguanidine salt — 

2,4-Dinitrophenyl dimethyldithiocarbamate 

Piperidinecarbodithioic acid, piperidinium-potassium 
salts, mixed. 
Guanidines : 

Dicatechol borate, di-o-tolylguanidine salt 

1,3-Diphenylguanidine 

Diphenylguanidine phthalate 

1,3-Di-o-tolylguanidine 

Dodecyltetramethylguanidine 

1,2,3-Triphenylguanidine 

*Thiazole derivatives: 

2-Benzothiazyl N,N-diethylthiocarbamoyl sulfide 

l,3-Bis(2-benzothiazolylmercaptomethyl) urea 

N-tert-Butyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

*N-Cyclohexyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

N,N-Dii5opropyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

N-(2,6-Dimethylmorpholino)-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

*2,2'-Dithiobis(benzothiazole} 

*2-Mercaptobenzothiazole 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, copper salt 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, zinc chloride 

*2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, zinc salt 

4-Morpholinyl-2-benzothiazyl disulfide 

N-Oxydiethylene-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

Thiazoline-2-thiol 

All other cyclic accelerators, activators, and vulcan- 
izing agents: 

p-Benzoquinonedioxime 

Bis (p-aminocyclohexyl) methane carbamate 

Bis(morpholinothiocarbonyl) disulfide 

Dibenzoyl-p-quinonedioxime 

Dib en zyl amine 

N,N'-Dicinnamylidene-l,6-hexanediamine 

Di-N,N'-pentamethylenethiuram tetrasulfide 

4,4'-Dithiodimorpholine 

2 -Imidazoline- 2 -thiol 

m-Phenylenebismaleimide 

Poly-p-dinitrosobenzene 

All other 

*Antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers: 
*Araino compounds : 

Aldehyde- and acetone-amine reaction products: 

Acetaldehyde-aniline hydrochloride condensate 

Aldol-a-naph thy 1 amine condensate 

Butyraldehyde-aniline condensate 



USR. 

DUP, MON, RCD, USR. 

MON. 

ceo. 

USR. 
USR. 

USR. 
USR. 
MON. ' 

ceo. 

USR. 
DUP. 



DUP. 
ACY. 
MON. 
ACY. 
DUP. 
ACS. 

PAS. 
MON. 
BFG, 
ACY, 
ACY. 
MON. 
ACY, 
ACY, 
ACY. 
DUP. 
ACY, 
GYR. 
ACY, 
ACY. 



MON. 

BFG, MON, USR. 



BFG, GYR, MON, USR. 
BFG, GYR, MON, USR. 



BFG, DUP, GYR, USR. 
BFG, MON. 



CTN, DUP. 

DUP. 

ACY. 

CTN, USR. 

MLS, USR. 

DUP. 

DUP, VNC. 

MON, RBC, VNC. 

DUP, RBC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 



USR. 
BFG. 
DUP. 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS 



151 



TABLE 2. — Rubber- processing chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3 ) 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC--Continued 

* Antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers--Continued 
*Aiiiino coinpounds--Continued 

Aldehyde- and acetone-amine reaction products-- 
Continued. 

Diphenylamine-acetone condensate 

Phenyl -2 -naphthylamine-acetone condensate 

*Substituted p-phenylenediamines: 

*N,N' -Bis (l,4-dimethylpentyl)-p-phenylenedi amine 

N,N'-BisCl-ethyl-3-methylpentyl}-p-phenylenediamine- 

N,N'-Bis(l-methylheptyl) -p-phenylenediajnine 

N-sec-Butyl-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine 

N-Cyclohexyl-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediaraine 

Diarylarylenediamines, mixed 

N-(1,3-Dimethylbutyl) -N '-phenyl -p-phenylenedi amine- ■ 
N- (1,4-Dimethylpentyl)-N '-phenyl -p-phenylenedi amine- 

N,N'-Di-2-naphthyl-p-phenylenediamine 

*N,N'-Diphenyl-p-phenylenedi amine 

N-Isopropyl-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine 

Nitroso-N-phenylenedi amine 

All other substituted p-phenylenediamines 

Other amino compounds : 

p-Anilinophenol 

l,2-Dihydro-6-dodecyl-2,2,4-trimethylquinoline 

l,2-Dihydro-6-ethoxy-2,2,4-trimethylquinoline 

l,2-Dihydro-2,2,4-trimethylquinoline 

4,4'-Dimethoxydiphenylamine 

Dinonyldiphenylamine 

4,4' -Dioctyldiphenylamine 

N,N'-Diphenylethylenedi amine 

N,N'-Diphenyl-l,3-propanediamine 

N,N'-Di-o-tolylethylenediamine 

p-lsopropoxydiphenylamine 

4,4'-Methylenedianiline 

*Octyldi phenyl amine 

Octyldiphenylamine mixture (mono-, nonyl-, and di-J 

N-Phenyl-1-naphthylamine 

*N-Phenyl-2-naphthylamine 

p-(p-Toluenesulfonamide)dipheny lamina 

All other 

*Phenolic compounds: 

*Polyphenolics (including bisphenols) : 

Bisphenol, hindered 

4,4'-Butylidenebis(6-tert-butyl-m-cresol) 

2,S-Di-sec-butyldecylhydroquinone 

2 , 5-Di - [ 1 , 1 -dimethy Ipropy 1 ) hydroquinone 

2,2'-Methylenebis(6-tert-butyl-p-cresol) 

2,2' -Methylenebis (6-tert-butyl-4-ethylphenol) 

2,2'-Methylenebis [6-(l-methylcyclohexyl5 -p- 
cresol] 

2, 2 '-Methylenebis (6 -tert-octyl-p-cresol3 

2,2'-Thiobis(4,6-di-sec-amylphenol) 

4,4'-Thiobis(6-tert-butyl-m-cresol3 

Thiobisphenol, alkylated 

l,l,3-TriC2-methyl-4-hydroxy-5-tert-butylphenyl)- 
butane. 



ACY, 


BFG, 


USR. 


USR. 






EKT, 


MON, 


USR. 


MON, 


UPM. 




BFG, 


MON, 


UPM. 


USR. 






USR. 






BFG, 


GYR. 




GYR, 


USR. 




USR. 






BFG. 






BFG, 


DUP, 


SDC, USR 


MON, 


USR. 




USR. 






MON. 






BFG. 






MON. 






MON. 






BFG, 


MON. 




DUP. 






ACY. 






BFG. 






CCO, 


DA, 


x. 


ceo. 






CCO. 






BFG. 






USR. 






ACY, 


NPI, 


PAS, USR 


BFG. 






DUP. 






BFG, 


DUP, 


USR. 


USR. 






DUP. 






GYR, 


USR 




MON. 






USR. 






MON. 






ACY, 


ASH 




ACY. 






ICl. 






ACY. 






MON. 






MON. 






USR. 






ICI. 







SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. --Rubber-processing chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3 ) 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC--Continued 

* Antioxidants , antiozonants, and stabilizers--Continued 
*Phenolic compounds--Continued 

•Other phenolic antioxidants and stabilizers: 

o-Cresol, alkylated 

N- Lauroy 1 -p- aminopheno 1 

*Phenol, alkylated 

Phenol, hindered 

*Phenol, styrenated 

N-Stearoyl-p-aminophenol 

Xylene I, alkylated 

*Phosphite compounds: 

Diphenyldecyl phosphite 

Nonyl phenyl phosphites, mixed 

Phenyldidecyl phosphite 

Polymeric phosphite 

Blowing agents: 

N,N'-Dimethyl-N,N'-dinitrosoterephthalamide 

Dinitrosopentamethylenetetramine 

p,p'-Oxybis(benzenesulfonhydrazide) 

p-Toluenesulfonylhydrazide 

p-Toluenesulfonylsemicarbazide 

Peptizers: 

Alkylated o-thiocresol 

Alkylated thiophenol, zinc salt 

Aryl raercaptans 

2-Benzamidothiophene, zinc salt 

Dicresyl disulfide 

2' ,2 ' ' '-Dithlobis(benzanilide) 

Dixylyl disulfides, mixed 

2-NaphthalenethioI 

Pentachlorobenzenethiol 

Thiocresol 

Thiophenol (Benzenethiol) 

Xylenethiol 

*Retarders : N-Nitrosodiphenylamine 

Other cyclic rubber-processing chemicals: 

p-tert-Amylphenol sulfide (tackifier) 

4-Chloro-2,6-bis(2,4-dihydroxybenzyl3phenol 

Phenol cyanurate complex 

All other 

RUBBER- PROCESSING CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

•Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents: 
*Dithiocarbamic acid derivatives: 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, potassium salt 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

•Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, selenium salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, tellurium salt 

•Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, bismuth salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, copper salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, lead salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, selenium salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt and sodium 
polysulfide. 

•Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

All other 



PIT. 












MLS. 












ACY, 


BFG, 


ceo. 


GYR, 


NEV, 


PIT 


DUP, 


GYR, 


USR. 








BFG, 


GYR, 


NEV, 


USR. 






MLS. 












PIT. 












HK. 












NPI, 


USR. 











NPI. 

DUP. 
NPI. 
USR. 
USR. 
USR. 

PIT. 

PIT. 

PIT. 

ACY. 

USR. 

ACY. 

PIT. 

DUP. 

DUP, SDC. 

PIT. 

PIT. 

DUP. 

ACY, BFG, CTN, GYR, NPI, SAL, USR. 

PAS. 

ICI. 
ICI. 



DUP, USR, VNC. 
DUP, PAS, USR, VNC. 



DUP, PAS. 

GYR, PAS, USR, VNC, WRC. 



VNC. 
ALC, 
ALC, 
VNC. 
ALC, 
VNC. 
ALC, 
VNC. 
VNC. 
VNC. 
VNC. 
BFG, 



ALC, DUP, FMN, GYR, PAS, RBC, USR. 
VNC. 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS 



153 



TABLE 2. --Rubber-prooBssing chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3 ) 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

*Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents-- 
Continued 
*Thiurains : 

Bis(dibutylthiocarbamoyl) sulfide 

Bis (diethyl thiocarbamoyl) disulfide 

*Bis (dimethyl thiocarbamoyl) disulfide 

*Bis(dimethylthiocarbamoyl) sulfide 

Bis (ethylmethyl thiocarbamoyl) sulfide 

Thiuram blend 

Xanthates and sulfides: 

Di-n-butylxantho disulfide 

Diisopropylxantho disulfide 

Zinc dibutyl xanthate 

Zinc diisopropyl xanthate 

All other acyclic accelerators, activators, and vulca"-i 
izing agents: 

n-Butyraldehyde-butyl amine condensate 

Di-n-butyl ammonium oleate 

3-Ethy 1-1,1 -dimethyl- 2- thiourea 

Ethylenediamine carbamate 

Tetramethylthioui-ea 

l,l,3-Trimethyl-2-thiourea . 

Blowing agents: Modified urea 

Conditioning and lubricating agents: 

Methyl stearyl-10-sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Mono- and dialkyl acid phosphates, mixed 

Mono- and dialkyl phosphate ammonium salts, mixed 

Other 

Polymerization regulators: 

Alkyl mercaptans, mixed 

*Dodecyl mercaptans 

n-Octyl mercaptan 

tert-Octyl mercaptan 

Tridecyl mercaptan 

Shortstops: 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, potassium salt 

*Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

Other acyclic rubber-processing chemicals: Zinc laurate 
(activator, physical -property improver) 



USR. 

DUP, GYR, PAS. 

DUP, GYR, PAS, VNC. 

DUP, GYR, USR. 

PAS. 

DUP. 

USR. 
BFG. 
USR. 
VNC. 



DUP. 
DUP. 
VNC. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
VNC. 
DUP. 

DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 

PAS, PLC. 

HK, PAS, PLC. 

PAS. 

PAS. 

PAS. 

GYR, USR. 

ALC, DUP, GYR, PAS, USR. 



I 



154 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 

TABLE 3. --Rubber-processing chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1970 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of rubber-processing chemical manufacturers that reported production or sales to the U.S. Tariff Commission 
for 1970 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 21 



Code 




Code 




identi- 


Name of company 


identi- 


Name of company 


fication 




fication 




ACS 


Allied Chemical Corp., Specialty Chemicals 


MLS 


Miles Laboratories, Inc., Marshall Div. 




Div. 


MON 


Monsanto Co. 


ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. 






ALC 


Alco Chemical Corp. 






ASH 


Ashland Oil, Inc., Ashland Chemical Co. Div. 


NEV 


Neville Chemical Co. 






NPI 


National Polychemicals, Inc. 


BFG 


B.F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich Chemical 
Co. Div. 










PAS 


Pennwalt Chemicals Corp. 






PIT 


Pitt-Consol Chemical Co. 


ceo 


Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 


PLC 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 


CTN 


Chemetron Corp., Organic Chemical Div. 










RBC 


Roberts Chemical Div. of Security Chemicals, 


DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. 




Inc. 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours § Co., Inc. 


RCD 


Richardson Co. 


EKT 


Eastman Kodak Co., Tennessee Eastman 








Co. Div. 


SAL 


Salsbury Laboratories 






SDC 


Martin-Marietta Corp., Southern Dyestuff 
Co. Div. 


FMN 


FMC Corp., Niagara Chemical Div. 










UPM 


Universal Oil Products Co. 


GNT 


General Tire 5 Rubber Co., Chemical Div. 


USR 


Uniroyal, Inc., Chemical Div. 


GYR 


Goodyear Tire S Rubber Co. 






HK 


Hooker Chemical Corp. 


VNC 


Vanderbilt Chemical Corp. 


ICl 


ICI America, Inc. 


WRC 


Ventron Corp. 



Note. --For complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies, refer to table 1 in the Appendix. 



I 



ELASTOMERS 155 



Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) are high polymeric materials with 
properties similar to those of natural rubber. The term "elastomer" 
as used in this report, means a substance, whether in bale, crumb, powder, 
latex, and other crude form, which can be vulcanized or similarly proc- 
essed into a material that can be stretched to at least twice its original 
length and, after having been so stretched and the stress removed, will 
return with force to approximately its original length. U.S. production 
and sales of elastomers in 1970 are shown in table 1.^ 

Total U.S. production of synthetic elastomers in 1970 was 4,438 
million pounds, a decrease of 2 percent from that produced in 1969. The 
sales of these elastomers amounted to 3,820 million pounds (valued at 
$1,032 million) in 1970, a decrease of nearly 3 percent from 1969. 

Styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR or S-type rubber) in 1970 continued 
to be the synthetic elastomer produced in the greatest quantity as it 
has been for more than 25 years. U.S. production of SBR, including 32 
million pounds of its vinylpyridine sub-type, amounted to 2,423 million 
pounds in 1970. Solution polymerized polybutadiene, a stereo type 
elastomer, was produced domestically in 1970 in the next largest amount-- 
636 million pounds; production of polyisoprene and ethylene-propylene 
rubbers, the other stereo types, amounted to 270 million and 143 mil- 
lion pounds, respectively. Total U.S. production of these stereo type 
elastomers amounted to 1,049 million pounds in 1970--an increase of 4 
percent over 1969. Other principal types of synthetic elastomers for 
which U.S. production and sales data are reported separately are polyiso- 
butylene-isoprene (butyl) rubber, production of which was 265 million 
pounds in 1970, and polybutadiene-acrylonitrile (N-type) rubber, pro- 
duction of which was 149 million pounds. 

U.S. production and sales data on synthetic organic chemicals are 
reported in terms of cyclic and acyclic structured compounds for purposes 
of better correlation with other statistical reporting systems. In 
1970, U.S. production of cyclic elastomers amounted to 2,454 million 
pounds, a decrease of 5 percent from 1969; sales of cyclic elastomers 
amounted to 1,999 million pounds (valued at $485 million), a decrease 
of 8 percent from 1969. U.S. production of acyclic elastomers in 1970 
amounted to 1,983 million pounds, an increase of nearly 3 percent over 
1969; sales of acyclic elastomers amounted to 1,821 million pounds 
(valued at $547 million), an increase of 4 percent over the previous 
year . 



^ See also table 2 which lists these products and identifies the 
manufacturers by code. These codes are given in table 3. 



156 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 

TABLE 1: --Elastomers (synthetic rubbers):' U. S. production and sales, 1970 

[Listed below are all elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for which reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were 
reported.) Table 2 lists all elastomers for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the 
manufacturers of each] 



Production 



Quantity 



Unit 
value^ 



1,000 
pounds 



Grand total 

ELASTOMERS, CYCLIC 

Total 

Polybutadiene-styrene type (S-type)' 

Polybutadiene-styrene-vinylpyridine type 

Polyurethane type 

ELASTOMERS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Polybutadiene-acrylonitrile type (N-type) — 

Polyisobutylene-isoprene type (Butyl) 

Silicone elastomers 

Stereo elastomers, total 

Ethylene-propylene rubber 

Stereo polybutadiene 

Stereo polyisoprene 

All other acyclic elastomers^ 



1,000 
pounds 



3.819,925 



1,000 
dotlccrs 



Per 
poicnd 



2,454,462 



2,390,751 
32,367 
31,344 



1,983,114 



'1,955,251 
17,817 
25,564 



449,708 
10,252 
25,132 



547,236 



148,663 

264,659 

12,267 

1,049,384 



132,968 

12,269 

945,238 



62,622 
38,870 
184,635 



143,266 
636,275 
269,843 



117,733 
600,265 
227,240 



34,025 
103,437 
47,173 



^ The term "elastomers" is defined as substances in bale, crumb, powder, latex, and other crude forms which can be 
vulcanized or similarly processed into materials that can be stretched at 68° F. to at least twice their original 
length and, after having been so stretched and the stress removed, will return with force to approximately their 
original length. 

2 Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Elastomer-content basis. 

" Partly estimated. 

5 Includes data for polyacrylate, polyalkalene sulfide, polychloroprene, polyisobutylene, all other elastomers, and 
for sales of polyisobutylene-isoprene elastomers. 

Note. --Statistics on the production of S-type, N-type, butyl, neoprene, and stereo elastomers were compiled in 
cooperation with the U.S. Bureau of the Census. 



ELASTOMERS 



157 



TABLE 2o — Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for which U. S. production or sales were reported 
identified by maniifacturer, 1970 

[Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an asterisk 

[*); products not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may 

not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 3. An x signifies that the 
manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Product 


Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 


ELASTOMERS, CYCLIC 


APL, ASH, ASY, BFG, CPY, FIR, PRS, GNT, GYR, MCB, 

PLC, RUB, SBI, SHC, TUS, USR, WIC . 
BFG, FIR, FRS, GNT, GYR, USR. 
ACY, BFG, DA, DNS, DUP, GNT, MOB, PFP, PRC, RUB, TKL, 

USR, WTC. 

ACY, BFG, DA, TKL. 

PRC, TKL. 

BFG, FRS, GYR, TKL, TUS. 

BFG, CPY, FRS, GYR, SBI, USR. 

DUP, PTT. 

CBN, ENJ. 

GYR, HPC, ICI. 

DCC, SFA, SPD, UCC. 

CPY, DUP, ENJ, USR. 

APL, ASY, ATR, FRS, GNT, GYR, PLC, TUS. 

APL, GYR, SHC. 

ASY, DUP, ENJ, PLC, UCC, WAY, x. 




*D°i^ " +1,^^"^+^ yrene vmy pyri me ype 


ELASTOMERS, ACYCLIC 


D 1^ 11,^1 If -J ^^ 




*P 1 h t H' 1 '1- '1 T fN 1- 1 


p 1 hi T (N yp >■ yp J 


*p 1^- h t^^ -^^ eoprenej 


Reaction products of natural rubber 


*Stereo elastomers: 




*t;i-^'^^ ^ 1^ ■ ^^"® 


■n, 1- 1 





462-669 O - 72 . 



158 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 
TABLE 3. — Elastomers (synthetic rubbers): Directory of mamifacturers, 1970 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 



[Names of elastomers manufacturers that reported production or sales to the U.S. Tariff Commission for 1970 are 
listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



Code 




Code 




identi- 


Name of comapny 


identi- 


Name of company 


fication 




fication 




ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. 


ICI 


I.C.I. America, Inc. 


APL 


Ameripol, Inc. 






ASH 


Ashland Chemical Co. 


MCB 


Borg-Wamer Corp., Marbon Chemical Div. 


ASY 


American Synthetic Rubber Corp. 


MOB 


Mobay Chemical Co. 


ATR 


Atlantic Richfield Co., ARCO Chemical Co. 








Div. 


PFP 


Midwest Manufacturing Corp. 






PLC 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 


BFG 


B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich Chem- 


PRC 


Products Research S Chemical Corp. 




ical Co. Div. 


PTT 


Petro-Tex Chemical Corp. 


CBN 


Cities Service Co., Petrochemical Group 


RUB 


Hooker Chemical Corp., Ruco Div. 


CPY 


Copolymer Rubber § Chemical Corp. 










SBI 


Standard Brands Chemical Industries, Inc. 


DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. 


SFA 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Specialty Chemical 


DCC 


Dow Coming Corp. 




Div. 


DNS 


Dennis Chemical Co. 


SHC 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours 5 Co., Inc. 


SPD 


General Electric Co., Silicone Products 
Dept. 


ENJ 


Enjay Chemical Co. 










TKL 


Thiokol Chemical Corp. 




Firestone Tire S Rubber Co.: 


TUS 


Texas-U.S. Chemical Co. 


FIR 


Firestone Plastics Co. Div. 






FRS 


Firestone Synthetic Rubber S Latex 


UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 




Co. Div. 


USR 


Uniroyal, Inc., Chemical Div. 


GNT 


General Tire I, Rubber Co., Chemical Div. 


WAY 


Philip A. Hunt Chemical Coj-p., Wayland 


GYR 


Goodyear Tire S Rubber Co. 




Chemical Div. 






WIG 


Wica Chemicals, Inc. 


HPC 


Hercules, Inc. 


WTC 


Witco Chemical Co., Inc. 



Note. --For complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies, refer to table 1 in the Appendix. 



PLASTICIZERS 159 



Plasticizers are organic chemicals that are added to synthetic 
plastics and resin materials to (1) improve workability during fabri- 
cation, (2) extend or modify the natural properties of these materials, 
or (3) develop new improved properties not present in the original 
material. Table 1 presents statistics on U.S. production and sales of 
plasticizers in as great detail as is possible without revealing the 
operations of individual producers . ^ 

U.S. production of plasticizers totaled 1,336 million pounds in 1970, 
a decrease of 3.3 percent from the 1,382 million pounds reported for 1969. 
Sales of plasticizers totaled 1,239 million pounds, valued at $235 mil- 
lion, in 1970, compared with 1,275 million pounds, valued at $266 million, 
in 1969. 

Production of cyclic plasticizers in 1970, which consisted chiefly 
of the esters of phthalic anhydride and phosphoric acid, amounted to 998 
million pounds, a decrease of 2.4 percent from the 1,023 million pounds 
reported for 1969. Sales of cyclic plasticizers in 1970 totaled 938 
million pounds, valued at $144 million, compared with 947 million pounds, 
valued at $165 million, in 1969. The most important cyclic plasticizer 
was di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, with production of 350 million pounds, 
in 1970. 

Production of acyclic plasticizers in 1970 totaled 338 million pounds, 
a decrease of 5.8 percent from the 359 million pounds reported for 1969. 
Sales of acyclic plasticizers totaled 302 million pounds, valued at $91 
million, in 1970, compared with 328 million pounds, valued at $101 million, 
in 1969. Epoxidized esters were the most important group in 1970 with 
production of 95 million pounds. 



^ See also table 2 which lists these products and identifies the 
manufacturers by code. These codes are given in table 3. 



160 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 

TABLE 1--Plasticizers:' U.S. production and sales, 1970 

[Listed below are plasticizers for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders are 
used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were reported.) 
Table 2 lists all plasticizers for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufac- 
turers of each] 



Quantity 



Grand total 

Benzenoid' 

Nonbenzenoid 

PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC 

Total 

Phosphoric acid esters, total 

Cresyl diphenyl phosphate 

Tricresyl phosphate 

Triphenyl phosphate 

All other phosphoric acid esters 

Phthalic anhydride esters, total 

Butyl octyl phthalates (including butyl 2-ethylhexyl 

phthalate and butyl iso-octyl phthalate) 

Dibutyl phthalate 

Dicyclohexyl phthalate 

Diethyl phthalate 

Diisodecyl phthalate 

Dimethyl phthalate 

Dioctyl phthalates: 

Di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate 

Di iso-octyl phthalate 

Di-tridecyl phthalate 

n-Hexyl n-decyl phthalate 

n-Octyl n-decyl phthalate 

All other phthalic anhydride esters 

Triraellitic acid esters, total 

Triiso-octyl trimellitate 

Tri-n-octyl n-decyl trimellitate 

Trioctyl trimellitate 

All other trimellitic acid esters 

All other cyclic plasticizers"* 

PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Adipic acid esters, total 

Di [2- (2-butoxyethoxy) ethyl] adipate 

Di (2-ethylhexyl j adipate 

Diisodecyl adipate 

Diiso-octyl adipate 

n-Hexyl n-decyl adipate 

n-Octyl n-decyl adipate 

All other adipic acid esters 

Complex linear polyesters and polymeric plasticizers^-- 
Di (2-ethylhexyl) azelate 



1,000 
pounds 



1.336.076 



1,095,668 
240,408 



998.47.S 



12,738 
46,003 
10,593 



855,060 



11,934 
22,919 

4,537 
20,636 
123,359 

8,117 

350,396 
85,128 
15,130 
9,276 
58,938 

144,690 

9.699 



3,184 
2,510 
2,342 
1,663 

64,382 



54,040 



1,338 
34,989 
3,100 
2,215 
2,062 
8,345 
1,991 

46,793 
7,844 



1,000 
pounds 



1,021,835 
217,281 



11,266 
39,584 



24,513 



11,468 
24,604 

16,830 

121,315 

6,017 

343,543 
71,220 
16,471 
9,638 
51,689 

141,750 

7.398 



2,489 
1,433 
1,644 
1,832 

40,198 



48,590 



1,344 

31,246 

2,927 

2,292 
7,258 
3,523 

40,429 
6,676 



1,000 
do I lavs 



234.836 



166,168 
68,668 



3,087 
13,035 



9,811 
107.699 



1,606 
4,237 

3,010 

14,494 

1,187 

38,765 
8,594 
3,308 
1,369 
7,480 

23,649 

2.122 



678 
409 
467 
568 



6,441 
708 

479 
1,593 
1,064 

15,295 
2,204 



See footnotes at end of table. 



PLASTICIZERS 



161 



TABLE l.--Plasticizers:' U.S. production and sales , 1970- -Continued 



Production 



Quantity 



Unit 
value^ 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 



PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC- -Continued 



Epoxidized esters, total 

Epoxidized soya oils 

Octyl epoxytallates (including 2-ethylhexyl epoxytallates)- 
All other epoxidized esters 



90,190 



Glyceryl monoricinoleate- 

Isopropyl myristate 

Isopropyl palmitate 



69,300 

23,105 

2,735 

419 
4,825 
2,017 



63,924 
21,934 
4,332 

363 
4,056 
1,563 



Oleic acid esters, total 

Butyl oleate 

Methyl oleate 

All other oleic acid esters- 



Phosphoric acid esters 

Sebacic acid esters: 

Dibutyl sebacate 

Di (2-ethylhexyl) sebacate- 



2,932 
3,001 
6,313 

19,955 

5,184 
3,821 



Stearic acid esters, total 

n-Butyl stearate 

All other stearic acid esters- 



2,062 
2,395 
5,894 

16,748 

3,927 
3,412 

9,345 



Triethylene glycol di(caprylate-caprate) - 
All other acyclic plasticizers^ 



5,011 
4,233 



2,377 
73,696 



5,049 
4,296 



2,267 
63,695 



1,000 
dollars 



13,997 
5,331 
1,773 

145 

1,922 

594 



600 

445 

1,563 

7,785 

2,349 
1,935 



1,287 
1,257 



760 
20,955 



Per 
pound 



Includes data for compounds used principally (but not exclusively) as primary plasticizers . Does not include 
clearly defined extenders or secondary plasticizers. 

^ Calculated from rounded figures. 

' Includes benzenoid products as defined in part 1 of schedule 4 of the Tariff Schedules of the United States 
Annotated. 

'* Includes data for alkylated naphthalene, glycol dibenzoates, hydrogenated terphenyls, all other phosphate esters 
(production only), toluenesulfonamides, tetrahydrofurfuryl oleate, and other cyclic plasticizers. 

^ Adipic acid polyesters account for most of the production of complex linear polyesters and polymeric plastici- 
zers . 

^ Includes data for azelaic, citric and acetylcitric, lauric, myristic, palmitic, pelargonic, ricinoleic, and seb- 
acic acid esters, glyceryl and glycol esters, and other acyclic plasticizers, not separately shown. 



162 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. --Plasticizers for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1970 



[Plasticizers for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an asterisk C*): products not 
so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published. 
Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 3. An x signifies that the manufacturer did 
not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3} 



PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC 

Coumarone-indene plasticizers 

N-Cyclohexyl-p-toluenesulfonamide 

Dibenzyl sebacate 

Diethylene glycol dibenzoate 

Di-tert-octylphenyl ether 

Dipropanediol dibenzoate 

N-Ethyl-p-toluenesulfonamide 

Isopropylidenediphenoxypropanol 

Naphthalene, alkylated 

* Phosphoric acid esters: 

*Cresyl diphenyl phosphate 

Dibutyl phenyl phosphate 

Diphenyl octyl phosphate 

Methyl diphenyl phosphate 

*Tricresyl phosphate 

*Triphenyl phosphate 

All other phosphoric acid esters 

*Phthalic anhydride esters: 

Alkyl benzyl phthalates 

Bis (4-methyl-l,2-pentyl) phthalate 

Butyl benzyl phthalate 

Butyl cyclohexyl phthalate 

*Butyl octyl phthalates: 

Butyl 2-ethylhexvl phthalate 

Butyl iso-octyl phthalate 

Butyl n-octyl pnthaiate 

Di(2-butoxyethyl) phthalate 

*Dibutyl phthalate 

*Dicyclohexyl phthalate 

Diethyl isophthalate 

*Diethyl phthalate 

Dihexyl phthalate 

*Diisodecyl phthalate 

Diisononyl phthalate 

Diiso-octyldecyl phthalate 

Di(2-methoxy ethyl) phthalate 

Dimethyl isophthalate 

*Dimethyl phthalate 

Dinonyl phthalate 

Dioctyl phthalates: 

Dicapryl phthalate 

Di(2-ethylhexyl3 isophthalate 

*Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate 

*Diiso-octyl phthalate 

Mixed dioctyl phthalates 

Diphenyl phthalate 

*Di-tridecyl phthalate 

2- (Ethylhexyl)isodecyl phthalate 

Glycol phthalate esters: 

Butyl phthalyl butyl glycolate 

Ethyl (and methyl) phthalyl ethyl glycolate- 

Polypropylene glycol bis(amyl) phthalate 

All other glycol phthalate esters 

*n-Hexyl n-decyl phthalate 

Hexyl isodecyl phthalate 

Isodecyl tridecyl phthalate 

Iso-octyl isodecyl phthalate 

Iso-octyl tridecyl phthalate 

*n-Octyl n-decyl phthalate 

All other phthalic anhydride esters 



NEV. 














WTH. 














DOW. 
VEL. 














MON. 
DOW. 














ACC. 














FMP, 


MON, MTR, SFA, SM. 












MON, 


ORO. 












FMP, 


MDN. 












FMP, 


MON, MTR, SFA. 












EK, 


MON, SFA. 












SFA. 














MON. 














GRH. 














MON. 














ACP. 














ACP, 


GRH, TEK, UCC. 












GRH. 














RCI. 














FMP. 














ACP, 


CGL, COM, DUP, EKT, 


GRH, 


MON, 


PFZ, 


RCI, 


RUB, 


SW 


, UCC, WTC. 












ACP, 


DUP, FMP, MON, PFZ 












PFZ. 














DUP, 


EKT, KF, MON, PFZ, 


WTC. 










ENJ. 














ACP, 


BFG, CPL, EKT, ENJ 


GRH, 


MON, 


PCC, 


RIC, 


RUB, 


TEK, UCC, WTC. 












ENJ, 


PFZ. 












PCC. 














EKT, 


FMP, SFA. 












PFZ. 














EKT, 


KF, MON, TCC, WTC. 












ACP, 


RCI. 












WTH. 














UCC. 















ACP, BFG, CGL,. CPL, EKT, ENJ, GRH, MON, PCC, PFZ, 

RCI, RUB, TEK, UCC, WTC. 

ACP, CGL, CPL, ENJ, GRH, MON, PCC, RCI, RUB, TEK, UCC. 

CPL, TEK. 
MON. 

ACP, CGL, CPL, ENJ, GRH, MON, PCC, RCI, RUB, TEK, UCC. 

CGL, UCC. 

MON. 

MON. 

UCC. 

HPC, WTC. 

ACP, GRH, TEK, UCC. 

GRH. 

TEK. 

RUB. 

RUB. 

ACP, CPL, GRH, MON, PCC, RCI, RUB, TEK, UCC. 

FMP, MON, PFZ. 



PLASTICIZERS 



163 



TABLE 2, 



-Plasticizers for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1970--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 33 



PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Polyethylene glycol dibenzoate 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl oleate 

Toluenesulfonamide o-, p- mixtures 

*Trimellitic acid esters: 

Tri-n-alkyl trimellitate 

Tri(2-ethylhexyl) trimellitate 

Triisodecyl trimellitate 

*Triiso-octyl trimellitate 

*Tri-n-octyl n-decyl trimellitate 

*Trioctyl trimellitate 

All other trimellitic acid esters 

Trimethylpentanediol dibenzoate 

Trimethylpentanediol monoisobutyrate monobenzoate 

All other cyclic plasticizers 

PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC 

*Adipic acid esters: 

*Di[2-C2-butoxyethoxy)ethyl] adipate 

*Di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate 

Di-n-hexyl adipate 

Diisobutyl adipate 

*Diisodecyl adipate 

*Diiso-octyl adipate 

Diisononyl adipate 

Diisopropyl adipate --- 

Di-n-octyl adipate 

*n-Hexyl n-decyl adipate 

Iso-octyl isodecyl adipate 

*n-Octyl n-decyl adipate 

All other adipic acid esters 

Azelaic acid esters: 

Dicyclohexyl azelate 

*DiC2-ethylhexyl} azelate 

Diisobutyl azelate 

Diiso-octyl azelate 

All other azelaic acid esters 

1,4-Butanediol dicaprylate 

Butoxyethyl pelargonate 

Castor oil maleate 

Citric and acetylcitric acid esters 

*Complex linear polyesters and polymeric plasticizers 

Di[ (butoxyethoxy)ethoxy]methane 

Dibutyl tartrate 

Diethylene glycol dipelargonate (Dinonanoate^ 

Diiso-octyl diglycolate 

*Epoxidized esters: 

Butyl epoxydioleate 

Butyl epoxytallate 

Epoxidized linseed oils 

*Epoxidized soya oils 

Epoxidized tall oils 

*2-Ethylhexyl epoxytallates 

Octyl epoxystearates : 

*Octyl epoxytallates 

All other epoxidized esters 

Glyceryl tri-acetate (Triacetin) 

Glyceryl tributyrate and tripropionate 

Glycol pelargonate 

Isodecyl nonanoate (Isodecyl pelargonate) 

Laurie acid esters 

Myristic acid esters: *Isopropyl myristate 

*01eic acid esters: 

2-Butoxyethyl oleate 

*Butyl oleate 



VEL. 








CCW, 


EMR. 






ACY, 


LAK, 


MON. 




RUB. 








GRH, 


PFZ, 


RCI. 




PFZ. 








GRH, 


PCC, 


RCI, 


RUB, TEK 


GRH, 


PFZ, 


RUB, 


TEK. 


PCC, 


RCI, 


RUB, 


TEK. 


CPL, 


ENJ, 


X. 




VEL. 








EKT. 








CCW, 


KPI, 


MON, 


NEV. 



FMP, RCI, TKL, WTH. 

CPL, DA, EKT, GRH, HAL, MON, PCC, PFZ, RCI, RH, 

TEK, UCC. 
ARC. 

FMP, GRH, HAL. 

ACP, GRH, MON, PCC, PFZ, RCI, RH, RUB, TEK, UCC. 
BFG, GRH, PCC, RH, RUB. 
ENJ. 

SBC, VND. 
ACP, ENJ. 
GRH, PCC, TEK. 
GRH, PFZ. 

ACP, GRH, MON, PCC, RCI, RH, RUB, TKL. 
RUB, UCC. 



PFZ. 

EKT, 

HAL. 

EMR. 

EMR. 

RUB. 

HAL. 

RH. 

ICI, 

ASH, 

TKL. 

ARC. 

EMR. 

CCA. 

ASH. 

ASH. 

ASH, 

ASH, 

RH. 

ASH, 

WTC. 

RH, 

EMR. 

PFZ. 

EKT. 

EMR. 

EMR. 

HAL, 

ARC, 



EMR, PFZ, RCI, RUB, UCC. 



EKT, EMR, HAL, MON, PFZ, RCI, RH, RUB, TEK, WTH- 



TEK. 
SWT. 
CPL, FMP, NTL, RH, SWT, TEK, UCC, WTC. 

NTL, SWT. 

TEK, UCC, WTC. 



SBC. 

DRW, PCS, SEC. 



ARC, HAL. 

ARC, DA, HAL, ICI, SWT, WM, WTC, WTH. 



164 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. 



- Plasticizers for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC- -Continued 

*01eic acid esters--Continued 

Decyl oleate 

Glyceryl trioleate (Triolein) 

Isobutyl oleate 

Isopropyl oleate 

*Methyl oleate 

Propyl oleate 

All other oleic acid esters 

Palmitic acid esters; 

Isobutyl palmitate 

Iso-octyl palmitate 

* Isopropyl palmitate 

"Phosphoric acid esters; 

Tri(2-butoxyethyl) phosphate 

Tributyl phosphate 

Tri(2-chloroothyl) phosphate 

Tri ethyl phosphate 

Trioctyl phosphate 

All other phosphoric acid esters 

Ricinoleic and acetylricinoleic acid esters; 

n- Butyl acetylricinoleate 

Butyl ricinoleate 

*Glyceryl monoricinoleate 

Glyceryl tri (acetylricinoleate) 

Methyl ricinoleate 

All other ricinoleic and acetylricinoleic acid esters 
Sebacic acid esters; 

Dibutoxyethyl sebacate 

*Dibutyl sebacate 

*Di(2-ethylhexyl) sebacate 

Diiso-octyl sebacate 

"Stearic acid esters; 

Butoxyothyl stearate 

*n- Butyl stearate 

Dimethyl ammonium stearate 

Dodecyl (lauryl) stearate 

2-Ethylhexyl stearate 

Glyceryl triacetyl stearate 

Isobutyl stearate 

Isocetyl stearate 

Isopropyl stearate 

Methyl dichlorostearate 

Methyl pentachlorostearate 

Methyl stearate 

All other stearic acid esters 

Sucrose acetate isobutyrate 

Tetraethylene glycol di (2-ethyIhexanoate) 

Triethylene glycol dicaprylate 

*Triethylene glycol di (caprylate-caprate) 

Triethylene glycol di-2-ethylbutyrate 

Triethylene glycol di (2-ethylhexanoate) 

Triethylene glycol dipelargonate 

2,2,4-Trimethyl-l,3-pentanediol di isobutyrate 

All other acyclic plasticizers 



VND. 








DRW, 


EMR 


SWT 


WM. 


DA. 








EMR, 


Wi. 






CIIL, 


DA, 


EMR, 


HUM, ICI, SWT 


CHL, 


EMR 


WM. 




RH. 








DA. 








RUB. 








ARC, 


DRW 


PCS 


SBC. 


FMP 


SM. 






FMP. 








SFA, 


UCC 






EKT. 








UCC. 








SCP, 


SM. 






NTL. 








NTL, 


RCI 






DA, 


GLY, 


1-IAL, 


NTL. 


NTL. 








NTL. 








NTL. 









UAL, RCI. 

EKT, GRH, HAL, PFZ, RCI, RH, WTH. 
GRH, HAL, PFZ, RCI, RH, WTH. 
DA, RCI. 

ARC, WM. 

AAE, ARC, CHL, DA, DRW, EMR, GRO, ICI, PCS, RUB, SCP, 

SWT, WTC, WTH. 
RH. 
RCI. 
FMP. 
NTL. 

ARC, DA. 
WM. 

ARC, WM. 
HK. 
HK. 

CHL, SWT. 
DA, HAL, WM, x. 
ARC, EKT. 
UCC. 
RUB. 

ASH, DRW, HAL, RUB, WM. 
UCC. 
UCC. 
RUB. 
EKX. 
ARC, EMR, HAL, HPC, RUB, SCP, TKL, WM. 



PLASTICIZERS 
TABLE 3.--Plasticizers: Directory of manufacturers, 1970 



165 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of plasticizers manufacturers that reported production or sales to the U.S. Tariff Commission for 1970 are 
listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



Code 




Code 




identi- 


Name of company 


identi- 


Name of company 


fication 




fication 




AAE 


American Aniline § Extract Co., Inc. 


KPI 


Kenrich Petrochemicals, Inc. 


ACC 


Amoco Chemicals Corp. 






ACP 


Allied Chemical Corp., Plastics Div. 


LAK 


Lakeway Chemicals, Inc. 


ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. 






ARC 


Armour f, Co., Armour Industrial Chemical 


MON 


Monsanto Co. 




Co. Div. 


MTR 


Chris-Craft Industries, Inc., Montrose 


ASH 


Ashland Oil, Inc., Ashland Chemical Co. Div. 




Chemical Div. 


BFG 


B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich Chemical 


NEV 


Neville Chemical Co. 




Co. Div. 


NTL 


National Lead Co. 


CCA § 


Cincinnati Melacron Chemicals, Inc. 


ORO 


Chevron Chemical Co. 


CCW 








CGL 


Cargill, Inc. 


PCC 


USS Chemicals Div. of U.S. Steel Corp. 


CHL 


Chemol, Inc. 


PCS 


Emery Industries, Inc. 


COM 


Commercial Solvents Corp. 


PFZ 


Pfizer, Inc. 


CPL 


Conoco Plastics 






CTN 


Chemetron Corp., Organic Chemical Div. 


RCI 


Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 






RH 


Rohm S Haas Co. 


DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. 


RUB 


Hooker Chemical Corp., Ruco Div. 


DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. 






DRW 


Drew Chemical Corp. 


SBC 


Scher Brothers, Inc. 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours 6 Co., Inc. 


SCP 


Standard Chemical Products, Inc. 






SFA 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Specialty Chemical 


EK 


Eastman Kodak Co. : 




Div. 


EKT 


Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 


SM 


Mobil Chemicalr Co. 


EKX 


Texas Eastman Co. Div. 


SM 


Mobil Oil Corp., Mobil Chemical Co. Div., 


EMR 


Emery Industries, Inc. 




Industrial Chemical Div. 


ENJ 


En jay Chemical Co. 


SW 


Sherwin-Williams Co. 






SWT 


Swift 5 Co., Swift Chemical Co. Div. 


FMP 


FMC Corp., Organic Chemicals Div. 






FOR 


El Dorado Chemical Co. 


TCC 


Tanatex Chemical Corp. 


GLY 


Glyco Chemicals, Inc. 


TEK 


Teknor Apex Co. 


GRH 


W.R. Grace 5 Co., Hatco Chemical Div. 


TKL 


Thiokol Chemical Corp. 


GRO 


Millmaster Onyx Corp., A. Gross 5 Co. Div. 










UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 


HAL 


C. P. Hall Co. of Illinois 






HK 


Hooker Chemical Corp. 


VEL 


Velsicol Chemical Corp. 


HPC 


Hercules, Inc. 


VND 


Van Dyk 6 Co., Inc. 


HUM 


Kraftco Corp., Humko Plastics Div. 










WM 


Wilson Pharmaceutical § Chemical Corp. 


ICI 


ICI America, Inc. 




Wilson-Martin Div. 






WTC 


Witco Chemical Co., Inc. 


KF 


Kay-Fries Chemicals, Inc. 


WTH 


Union Camp Corp., Harchem Div. 



Note. --For complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies, refer to table 1 in the Appendix. 



SURFACE -ACTIVE AGENTS 167 



The surface-active agents included in this report are organic chemi- 
cals that reduce the surface tension of water or other solvents and are 
used chiefly as detergents, dispersing agents, emulsifiers, foaming agents, 
or wetting agents in either aqueous or nonaqueous systems . Waxes and 
products used chiefly as plasticizers are excluded. Surface-active 
agents are produced from natural fats and oils; from si Ivi chemicals such 
as lignin, rosin, and tall oil; and from chemical intermediates derived 
from coal tar and petroleum. A major part of the output of the bulk 
chemicals shown in this report is consiomed in the form of packaged soaps 
and detergents for household and industrial use. The remainder is used 
in the processing of textiles and leather, in ore flotation and oil-dril- 
ling operations, and in the manufacture of agricultural sprays, cosmetics, 
elastomers, foods, lubricants, paints, pharmaceuticals, and many other 
products . 

Table 1 shows statistics for production and sales of surface-active 
agents grouped by ionic class and by chemical class and subclass; table 
2 lists these products and identifies the manufacturers.'^ All quantities 
are reported in terms of 100-percent organic surface-active ingredient 
and thus exclude all inorganic salts, water, and other diluents. Sales 
statistics reflect sales of bulk surface-active agents only; sales of 
formulated products are excluded. 

Total U.S. production of surface-active agents in 1970 amounted to 
3,886 million pounds, or 0.4 percent less than the 3,901 million pounds 
reported for 1969. Sales of bulk surface-active agents in 1970 amounted 
to 2,061 million pounds, valued at $387 million, compared with sales in 

1969 of 1,988 million pounds, valued at $370 million. In terms of 
quantity, sales in 1970 were thus 3.7 percent larger than in 1969; in 
terms of value, sales in 1970 were 4.7 percent larger than in 1969. 

Production of anionic surface-active agents in 1970 amounted to 
2,728 million pounds, or 70.2 percent of the total output reported for 

1970 and 0.9 percent less than the anionic output reported for 1969. 
Sales of anionics in 1970 amounted to 1,163 million pounds, valued at 
$169 million. Of the total anionic output, 924 million pounds consisted 
of potassium and sodium salts of fatty, rosin, and tall oil acids, of 
which 505 million pounds was the sodium salt of tallow acids and 121 
million pounds was the sodium salt of coconut oil acids; 715 million 
pounds consisted of alkylbenzenesulfonates, of which 401 million pounds 
was sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate, 139 million poimds was dodecylben- 
zenesulfonic acid, and 138 million pounds was sodium tridecylbenzene- 
sulfonate; 491 million pounds consisted of ligninsulfonates, of which 306 
million pounds was the calcium salt; and 179 million pounds consisted of 
sulfated ethers. 

Production of nonionic surface-active agents in 1970 amounted to 
922 million pounds, or 23.7 percent of the total output reported for 1970 

^ See table 3 for a list of manufacturers and their codes. 



168 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



and 5.0 percent less than the nonionic output reported for 1969. Sales 
of nonionics in 1970 amounted to 736 million pounds, valued at $148 mil- 
lion. Of the total nonionic output, 249 million pounds consisted of 
alkylphenol ethoxylates and other benzenoid ethers, of which 142 million 
pounds was nonylphenol ethoxylate; 379 million pounds consisted of alcohol 
ethoxylates and other nonbenzenoid ethers, of which 296 million pounds was 
mixed linear alcohol ethoxylate; 111 million pounds consisted of glycerol 
esters; and 90 million pounds consisted of alkanolamides . 

Production of cationic surface-active agents in 1970 amounted to 228 
million pounds, or 5.9 percent of the total output reported for 1970 and 
35.3 percent more than the cationic output reported for 1969. Sales of 
cationics in 1970 amounted to 155 million pounds, valued at $64 million. 
Of the total cationic output, 51 million pounds consisted of quaternary 
ammonium salts not containing oxygen, and 51 million pounds consisted of 
primary monoamines not containing oxygen. 

Production of amphoteric surface-active agents in 1970 amounted to 
7.6 million pounds, or 0.2 percent of the total output reported for 1970 
and 10.1 percent less than the amphoteric output reported for 1969. Sales 
of amphoterics in 1970 amounted to 7.5 million pounds, valued at $5.4 
million. 

The difference between production and sales reflects inventory changes 
and captive consumption of soaps and surface-active agents by synthetic 
rubber producers, and by manufacturers of cosmetics, packaged detergents, 
bar soaps, and other formulated consiomer products. In some instances the 
difference may also reflect quantities of surface-active agents used as 
chemical intermediates, e.g., nonionic alcohol and alkylphenol ethoxylates 
which may be converted to anionic surface-active agents by phosphation or 
sulfation. 



SURFACE -ACTIVE AGENTS 



TABLE 1. --Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1970 



[Listed below are all surface-active agents for which reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data 
were reported. J Table 2 lists all surface^active agents for which data on production or sales were reported and 
identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Quantity' 



I 



Grand total 

Benzenoid"* 

Nonbenzenoid^ 

Amphoteric Surface-Active Agents 

Total 

Anionic Surface-Active Agents 

Total 

Carboxylic acids (and salts thereof), total 

Amine salts of fatty rosin, and tall oil acids 

Carboxylic acids having amide, ester, or ether linkages, 

total 

N-Lauroylsarcosine, sodium salt 

All other 

Potassium and sodium salts of fatty, rosin, and tall oil 

acids, total 

Castor oil acids, potassium salt 

Coconut oil acids, potassium and sodium salts, total 

Potassium salt 

Sodium salt 

Corn oil acids, potassium and sodium salts 

Mixed vegetable fatty acids, potassium salt 

Oleic acid, potassium salt 

Oleic acid, sodium salt 

Soybean oil acids, potassium and sodium salts 

Stearic acid, potassium salt 

Tall oil acids, potassium and sodium salts, total 

Potassium salt 

Sodium salt 

Tallow acids, sodium salt 

All other 

Phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esters (and salts thereof) , 
total 

Alcohols and phenols, ethoxylated and phosphated, total 

Dinonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

All other 

Alcohols, phosphated or polyphosphated, total 

2-Ethylhexyl phosphate, sodium salt 

All other 

Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof), total 

Alkylbenzenesulfonates, total 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



5,886,186 



1,000 



1,081,178 
2,805,008 



937,520 



12,494 
5,291 
7,203 

924,100 



27,189 



20,213 

953 

1,343 

11,075 

1,185 

5,657 

6,976 

143 

6,833 

1,331,043 



1,000 
dollars 



387.201 



492,607 
1,568,850 



90,666 
296,535 



169.204 



8,492 
1,597 
6.895 



5,721 
1,114 
4,607 



132,945 


3,548 


1.279 


11,944 






121.001 






771 


754 


304 


3,212 






3,993 


742 


196 


1,281 


558 


138 


306 






398 






33,316 


19.852 


4.074 


21,167 






12.149 






504,955 






242.877 







16,003 



3,089 



10,544 

896 

1,045 

3,486 

5,117 

5,459 

141 

5,318 

700,502 



4,726 
353 
334 

1,246 

2,793 

3,363 

66 

3,297 

69,513 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 
TABLE 1. — Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1970 — Continued 



Production' 



Quantity 



Anionic Surface-Active /43ents--Continued 

Sulfonic acids C^nd salts thereof) --Continued 
Alky Ibenzenesulfonates- -Continued 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonates, total 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, calcium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, isopropanolamine salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, isopropylamine salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, potassium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, triethanolamine salt 

All other 

Other alky Ibenzenesulfonates, total 

Tridecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

All other 

Benzene-, cumene-, toluene-, and xylenesulfonates, total 

Cumenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

Xylenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

Xylenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

All other 

Ligninsulfonates, total 

Ligninsulfonic acid, calcium salt 

Ligninsulfonic acid, chromium salt 

Ligninsulfonic acid, sodium salt 

All other 

Naphthalenesulfonates, total 

Butyl -and dibutylnaphthalenesulfonic acid and sodium salt- 
All other 

Sulfonic acids having amide linkages, total 

Sulfosuccinic acid derivatives 

Taurine derivatives, total 

N-Methyl-N-oleoyltaurine, sodium salt 

All other 

Sulfonic acids having ester or ether linkages, total 

Sulfosuccinic acid esters, total 

Sulfosuccinic acid, bis(2-ethylhexyl) ester, sodium 

salt 

All other 

Other sulfonic acids having ester or ether linkages 

All other sulfonic acids 

Sulfuric acid esters (and salts thereof), total 

Acids, amides, and esters, sulfated, total 

Coconut oil acids - ethanolamine condensate, sulfated, 

potassium salt 

Esters of sulfated oleic acid, total 

Butyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

Glycerol trioleate, sulfated, sodium salt' 

Isopropyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

Propyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

All other 

Oleic acid, sulfated, disodium salt 

Tall oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 



561,436 

138,828 

9,785 

60S 

3,134 

49 

400,559 

4,034 

4,439 

154,008 

138,241 

15,767 

64,528 
4,737 
4,479 

38,829 

16,483 

491,327 

306,197 

9,341 

73,872 
101,917 
8,246 
1,732 
6,514 
5,734 
1,849 
3,885 



41,549 
12,469 

9,095 

3,374 

29,080 

4,215 



36 

5,261 

1,868 

165 

421 

449 

2,358 

6,456 

2,728 



1,000 
pounds 



163,362 
45,376 
6,178 

3,471 

100,484 
3,877 
3,976 

21,585 
9,143 

12,442 

52,268 

4,844 

4,538 

26,957 

15,929 

424,315 

300,585 

9,343 

42,431 

71,956 

6,972 

1,526 

5,446 

3,782 

1,493 

2,289 

2,083 

206 

23,968 

11,752 

8,500 
3,252 
12,216 
4,250 

189,043 
15,146 



36 
4,868 
1,641 

413 

447 

2,367 

6,499 

2,662 



1,000 
dollarit 



23,668 
5,881 
2,259 



12,778 

822 

899 

2,908 

1,108 

1,800 

4,786 

527 

369 

2,303 

1,587 

15,996 

7,852 

834 

3,757 

3,553 

2,675 

548 

2,127 

2,550 

1,103 

1,447 

1,144 

303 

15,374 

6.384 

4,757 
1,627 
8,990 
1,556 

43,118 



1,414 
433 

116 
86 

779 

1,453 

320 

470 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SURFACE -ACTIVE AGENTS 
TABLE 1. — Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1970 — Continued 



171 



■ Production 



Quantity' 



Anionic Surface-Active 43ents--Continued 

Sulfuric acid esters (and salts thereof^ --Continued 

Alcohols, sulfated, total 

Coconut and sperm oil alkyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate salts, total 

Dodecyl sulfate, ammonium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, diethanolamine salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, magnesium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, triethanol amine salt 

All other 

Mixed linear alcohol sulfate, ammonium salt 

Mixed linear alcohol sulfate, sodium salt 

All other 

Ethers, sulfated, total 

Alkylphenols, ethoxylated and sulfated 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, ammonium salt 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, sodium salt 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and sulfated, sodium 

salt 

All other 

Natural fats and oils, sulfated, total 

Castor oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Coconut oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Cod oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Mixed fish oils, sulfated, sodium salt 

Neat's-foot oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Soybean oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Sperm oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Tallow, sulfated, sodium salt 

All other 

Other anionic surface-active agents^ 

Cationio Surface-Active Agents 

Total 

Amine oxides and oxygen-containing amines (except those having 

amine linkages), total 

Acyclic, total 

(Coconut oil alkyljamine, ethoxylated 

(Tallow alkyl)amine, ethoxylated 

All other 

Cyclic (except imidazoline and oxazoline derivatives) 

Imidazoline and oxazoline derivatives, total 

2- (8-Heptadecenyl) - 1- (2-hydroxyethyl) -2-imidazoline 

l-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(tall oil alkyl)-2-imidazoline 

All other 

Amines and amine oxides having amide linkages, total 

Carboxylic acid - diamine and polyamine condensates; total 

Stearic acid - diethylenetriamine condensate 

All other 

Oleic acid - ethylenediamine condensate, monoethoxylated 

Stearic acid - ethylenediamine condensate, monoethoxylated 

Other amines and amine oxides having amide linkage 



1,000 
pounds 



505 

57,584 

2,588 

365 
20,337 
16,844 
17,450 



228,489 



50,458 



43,405 
4,694 
2,186 

36,525 

3,232 

3,801 

328 

3,473 

15,041 



8,369 
333 
8,036 
3,565 
2,090 
1,017 



1,000 
pounds 



40,346 
502 

32,400 
2,425 
2,272 

17,875 



2,636 


2,411 




4,945 


179,290 


92,806 


3,421 


3,378 


1,038 


572 


5,028 


4,926 


9,970 


12,064 


159,833 


71,866 


42,447 


40,745 


8,443 


8,054 


1,216 


1,119 


1,341 


1,366 


4,575 


4,034 


2,202 


1,833 


90 


90 


7,264 


7,207 


10,077 


9,989 


7,239 


7,053 


134,900 


223,261 



155,093 



2,937 
1,292 



2,844 
328 
491 

2,025 

14,115 



1,914 
4,006 



1,000 
dollars 



16,192 
252 

13,093 
1,187 
1,404 

6,642 

3,860 

66 

782 

1,999 

15,010 

1,144 

303 

1,468 

2,052 

10,043 

8,232 

2,270 

301 

175 

720 

336 

41 

1,384 

1,372 

1,633 



64,424 



1,049 
911 



1,306 
138 
165 

1,003 

5,925 



2,815 
2,815 



1,145 
1,963 



See footnotes at end of table. 



172 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 
TABLE 1. — Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1970-- Continued 



Production 



Quantity 



Cationia Surfaas-Active Agents — Continued 

Amines, not containing oxygen (and salts thereof), total 

.Amine salts 

Diamines and polyamines, total 

X- (Coconut oil alkyl^trimethylenediajnine 

Imidazoline derivatives 

N- (9-Octadecenyl) trimethylenedi amine 

\- (Tal low alkyl) trimethylenediamine 

All other 

Primary monoamines, total 

(Hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine 

9-Octadecenylamine 

Octadecylaraine 

(Tallow alkyl} amine 

All other 

Secondary and tertiary monoamines, total 

N,N-Dimethyloctadecylamine 

N-Methy Ibis (coconut oil alkyl)amine 

N'-Methy Ibis (hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine 

All other 

Oxygen-containing quaternary ammonium salts 

Quaternary ammonium salts, not containing oxygen, total 

Acyclic, total 

Bis (coconut oil alkyl)diraethylammonium chloride 

• Bis (hydrogenated tallow alkyljdimethylammonium chioride-r 

Hexadecyltrimethylammonium salts 

Trimethyl (tallow alkyl) ammonium chloride 

.All other 

Benzenoid, total 

Benzyl (coconut oil alkyljdimethylammonium chloride 

Eenzyldimethyl (mixed alkyl) ammonium chloride 

Benzyldimethyloctadecylammonium chloride 

Benzyltriraethylammonium chloride 

All other 

Groups listed above for which separate sales data may not be 
shown 

lanionia Surfase-Astivs Agents 

Total 

Carboxylic acid amides, total 

Diethanolamine condensates (araine/acid ratio=2/lj, total 

Capric acid 

Coconut oil acids 

Laurie acid 

Oleic acid 

Stearic acid 

Tall oil acids 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 



91,868 



5,658 
18,516 
904 
2,467 
1,688 
6,859 
6,598 
50,856 

5,123 



47,733 

18,838 

1,112 

865 

16,861 



51,415 



58,753 
5,004 

24.486 

610 

1,397 

7,238 

12,680 

436 

5,510 

1,446 

5,288 



89,984 



38,158 

83 

18,406 

3,252 

962 

736 

424 

14,295 



1,000 
pounds 



54,698 



2,416 

15,387 

725 

976 

1,223 

4,668 

5,795 

24,026 

3,207 

1,198 

606 

7,434 

11,581 

14,869 

796 

736 

3,532 

9,805 



44,480 



35,045 

2,782 

22,762 

476 

957 

6.066 

11,437 

424 

5,502 

96 
5,415 



58,274 



26,288 

118 

18,071 

581 

522 

159 

6,837 



1,000 
dollars 



19,888 



895 

4.009 

367 

331 

541 

1.329 

1.441 

8.208 

806 

473 

271 

2.068 

4.590 

6.776 

423 

299 

1.010 

5,044 



20,861 



12,471 

1,244 

6,242 

480 

442 

4,063 

8,390 

343 

4,124 

41 



17,327 



7,322 

49 

5,144 

177 
220 

47 
1,685 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SURFACE -ACTIVE AGENTS 
TABLE 1. — Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales , 1970--Continued 



173 



Production" 



Sales^ 



Quantity' 



Nonionis Surfase-Active Agents — Continued 

Carboxylic acid amides — Continued 

Diethanolamine condensates (other amine/acid ratios) , total- 
Coconut oil acids (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Laurie acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Oleic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Stearic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

All other 

Ethanolamine condensates, total 

Coconut oil acids (amine/acid ratio=2/l) 

All other 

Laurie acid - isopropanol amine condensate 

Other carboxylic acid amides 

Carboxylic acid esters, total 

Anhydrosorbitol esters, total 

Anhydrosorbitol mono-oleate 

Anhydrosorbitol monopalmitate 

Anhydrosorbitol monostearate 

Anhydrosorbitol tristearate 

All other 

Diethylene glycol esters, total 

Diethylene glycol monolaurate 

Diethylene glycol monostearate 

All other 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol esters, total 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monolaurate 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol mono-oleate 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monostearate 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol tristearate 

All other 

Ethylene glycol esters 

Glycerol esters, total 

Complex glycerol esters 

Glycerol esters of chemically defined acids, total 

Glycerol distearate 

Glycerol monolaurate 

Glycerol mono-oleate 

Glycerol monostearate 

All other 

Glycerol esters of mixed acids, total 

Glycerol monoester of hydrogenated cottonseed oil acids- 

Glycerol monoester of hydrogenated soybean oil acids 

All other 

Natural fats and oils, ethoxylated, total 

Castor oil, ethoxylated 

Lanolin, ethoxylated 

All other 

Polyethylene glycol esters, total 

Polyethylene glycol esters of chemically defined acids, 

total 

Polyethylene glycol dilaurate 

Polyethylene glycol dioleate = 

Polyethylene glycol monolaurate 

Polyethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Polyethylene glycol monostearate 

All other 



pounds 



31,087 

16,608 

10,650 

384 

577 

2,868 

15,832 

1,164 

14,668 

37 

4,870 

205,570 



18,523 

6,950 

972 

4,988 

5,615 

1,948 

94 

491 

1,363 

20,466 

4,390 

8,306 

5,165 

980 

1,627 

3,575 

111,080 

3,705 

35,561 

647 

2,955 
28,486 

3,473 
71,814 

4,210 
17,012 
50,592 

5,192 

3,981 

520 

691 

27,145 

19,398 
1,331 
3,860 
2,520 
2,878 
6,091 
2,718 



1,000 
pounds 



25,083 
15.798 

337 

659 

8,289 

5,243 

5,243 

45 

1,615 

155,973 



15,525 
4,648 



114 

8,763 

1,722 

79 

440 

1,203 

18,617 

4,262 

7,011 

4.746 

2,598 
3,366 

83,129 
3,239 

14,017 

594 

62 

1.863 

8.462 

3.036 

65,873 

15,392 

50,481 

4,534 

3,639 

253 

642 

18,492 

13,261 
1,059 

725 
2,151 
2,578 
4,665 
2.085 



1,000 

dollars 



7,S02 
4.449 

121 

111 

2,955 

1,577 

"i,577 

35 

591 



4,771 
1.663 



37 

3.071 

621 

26 

138 

457 

7,479 

1,647 

2.840 

2.001 

991 

990 

23,559 

1,325 

4.511 

295 

27 

662 

2.450 

1.077 

17.723 



3.786 
15.937 

1.442 

1.070 
152 
220 

6.227 

4.810 
358 
243 
723 
919 

1.801 
766 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 
TABLE 1. — Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1970- -Continued 



Production' 



, Quantity' 



Unit 
Value^ 



Nonionio Surface-Active /ljents--Continued 

Carboxylic acid esters--Continued 

Polyethylene glycol esters--Continued 

Polyethylene glycol esters of rosin and tall oil 

acids J total 

Polyethylene glycol monoester of tall oil acids 

Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of tall oil acids 

All other 

Polyethylene glycol esters of other mixed acids, total- 
Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of coconut oil acids- 
All other 

Polyglycerol esters 

Propanediol esters, total 

1,2-Propanediol monostearate 

All other . 

Other carboxylic acid esters' ^ 



Ethers, total 

Benzenoid ethers, total 

Dodecylphenol , ethoxylated 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated 

Phenol, ethoxylated 

All other 

Nonbenzenoid ethers, total 

Linear alcohols, alkoxylated, total 

Decyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Hexadecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated — 

9-Octadecenyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Octadecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

All other 

Other ethers and thioethers, total 

Mixed alcohols, ethoxylated 

Poly (ethylene and propylene) glycols- 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

All other 



Other nonionic surface-active agents- 



1,000 
pounds 



5,330 
1,857 
3,038 

435 
2,417 

171 
2,246 
2,075 
4,969 
3,788 
1,181 
8,597 

627,422 



248,804 

17,038 

141,587 

7,691 

82,488 

378,618 

328,293 

1,118 

11,701 

711 

295,825 

3,441 

803 

14,694 

50,325 

507 

5,624 

5,525 

38,669 

1,499 



1,000 
pounds 



3,614 

2,381 
1,233 
1,617 

167 
1,450 
2,000 
1,916 
1,663 

253 
6,672 



215,836 

8,203 

125,392 

82,241 
306,718 
269,261 



625 

239,867 

2,001 

315 

26,453 

37,457 

4,876 
4,334 
28,247 

911 



1,000 
do I lars 



558 
293 
566 
87 
479 
776 
595 
510 



),736 



36,222 

1,277 

18,497 

16,448 
44,514 
34,692 



347 

28,245 

981 

261 

4,858 

9,822 

1,106 

987 

7,729 



Per 
pound 



'All quantities are given in terms of 100 percent organic surface-active ingredient. 

2 Sales include products sold as bulk surface-active agents only. 

^ Calculated from rounded figures. 

'' The term "benzenoid," as used in this report, describes any surface-active agent, except lignin derivatives, 

whose molecular structure includes 1 or more 6-membered carbocyclic or heterocyclic rings with conjugated double 

bonds (e.g., the benzene ring or the pyridine ring). 

^ Includes ligninsulfonates. 

^ Includes production of "all other" sulfated acids, amides, and esters and of "all other" sulfated alcohols; also 

includes sales of "all other" potassium and sodium salts of fatty, rosin, and tall oil acids. 

' Includes ethoxylated sorbitol esters and miscellaneous esters. 



SURFACE -ACTIVE AGENTS 



175 



TABLE 2. — Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 

[Surface-active agents for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an asterisk (*); 
products not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may 
not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 3. An x signifies that 
the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Amphoteric Surface-Active Agents 

Acyclic: 

Alkylbetaine 

(l-Carboxyheptadecyl)trimethylammonium hydroxide, 

inner salt. 
N- [2- (Carboxymethylamino) ethyl] -N-(2-hydroxyethyl)- 

coconut oil amide, sodium salt. 
(Carboxymethyl) [3- (coconut oil amido)propyl] dimethyl- 
ammonium chloride, sodium salt. 
(.Carboxymethyl) [3- (coconut oil amidojpropyl]di- 

methylammonium hydroxide, inner salt. 
(Carboxyme thy l)dodecyl dimethyl ammonium hydroxide, 

inner salt. 
(l-Carboxyundecyl5trimethylammonium hydroxide, inner 
salt. 

N- (Coconut oil alkyd)-g-alanine, sodium salt 

N- (Coconut oil alkyl)-6-alanine, partial sodium 

salt. 
3- [ (Coconut oil alkyl)amino]butyric acid, sodium 

salt. 
N-(2-Coconut oil amidoethyl)-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)- 

glycine, sodium salt. 

N-(Dodecyl and tetradecyl)-B-alanine 

N- (Dodecyl and tetradecyl)-6-alanine, triethanol- 

amine.salt. 

N-Dodecyl-3-iminodipropionic acid. 

N-Dodecyl-3-iminodipropionic acid, disodium salt 

N- (2-Hydroxyethyl3 -N- (2-laurainidoethyl) -6-alanine, 

sodium salt. 
N- (2-Hydroxyethyl)-N-(2-stearamidoethyl)glycine, sodium 

salt. 
Mixed acyclic primary amines, ethoxylated and 

sulfated, sodium salt. 

(Mixed alkyl)sulfobetaine 

Mixed fatty betaines 

Oleic acid - ethylenediamine condensate, propoxylated 

and sulfated, sodium salt. 
N- (Tallow alkyl)-3-iminodipropionic acid, disodium 
salt. 

All other acyclic 

Cyclic: 

l,l-Bis(carboxymethyl)-2-undecyl-2-imidazolinium 

chloride, disodium salt. 
1 , 1-Bis (carboxymethyl) -2-undecyl-2-imidazolinium 

hydroxide, disodium salt. 
1- [2- (2-Carboxyethoxy)ethyl] -1- (2-hydroxy-3-sulfo-; 

propyl) -2- (mixed alkyl)-2-imidazolinium hydroxide, 

disodium salt. 
l-Carboxymethyl-2-heptadecyl-l- (2-hydroxyethyl)-2- 

imidazolinium hydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium 

salt. 
l-Carboxymethyl-l-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-nonyl-2-imid- 

azolinium chloride, sodium salt. 
1-Carboxymethyl-l- (2-hydroxyethyl)-2-nonyl-2-imid- 

azolinium hydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium 

salt. 



DUP. 
DUP. 

UVC. 

JRG. 

UVC. 

TCC. 

DUP. 

GNM. 
GNM 

ARC. 

TCC. 

GNM 
GNM. 

GNM. 

GNM, UVC. 
UVC, VAC. 



DUP, 


TXT 


TXT. 




S. 




GNM. 




VAC. 




UVC. 




MIR, 


UVC 


UVC. 




MIR, 


UVC 


UVC. 




MIR, 


UVC 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2.- 



-Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Amphoteric Surface-Active /l^ents--Continued 

Cyclic- -Continued 

1-Carboxymethyl-l- (2-hydroxyethyl)-2-undecyl-2- 

imidazolinium hydroxide, sodium derivative, 

sodium salt. 
Heptadecylmethylbenzimidazolinesulfonic acid, 

sodium salt. 
3- [2- (2-Undecyl-2-imidazolin-l-yl)ethoxy] - 

propionic acid, sodium salt. 
All other cyclic 

Anionic Surface- Active Agents 

*Carboxylic acids (and salts thereof): 

*Amine salts of fatty, rosin, and tall oil acids: 

Coconut oil acids, diethanolamine salt 

Coconut oil acids, ethanolamine salt 

Oleic acid, n-butylamine salt 

Oleic acid, triethanolamine salt 

Stearic acid, N,N,N' ,N' -tetrakis(2-hydroxyethyl)- 
ethylenediamine salt. 

Stearic acid, triethanolamine salt 

Tallow acids, ethanolamine salt 

Tallow acids, triethanolamine salt 

*Carboxylic acids having amxde, ester, or ether 
linkages: 

Butoxyethoxypropionic acid 

N- (Coconut oil acyl)sarcosine, sodium salt 

Diisobutylene - maleic anhydride copolymer, 
ammonium and sodium salts. 

*N-Lauroylsarcosine, sodium salt 

N- (Mixed alkylsulfonyljglycine, sodium salt 

N-Oleoylpolypeptide, sodium salt 

N-Oleoylsarcosine, sodium salt 

Phthalic acid, octadecyl ester, potassium salt — 

Stearoyl-2-lactylic acid 

Stearoyl-2-lactylic acid, calcium salt 

Tridecyloxypoly(ethyleneoxy5acetic acid, sodium 
salt. 

Unspecified sarcosine derivatives 

All other 

*Potassium and sodium salts of fatty, rosin, and 
tall oil acids: 

*Castor oil acid, potassium salt 

Castor oil acid, sodium salt 

*Coconut oil acids, potassium and sodium salts: 
•Potassium salt 

*Sodium salt 

Coconut oil and tallow acids, sodium salt 

*Corn oil acids, potassium and sodium salts: 

Potassium salt 

Sodium salt 



MIR, PCS, UVC. 

CGY. 
UVC 
SEY. 



SEY. 
SBP. 
DYS. 



AML, 


GLY 




SBP. 






SBP. 






UVC. 






HMP. 






RH. 






CGY, 


CP, 


HMP, ONX. 


GAP. 






LMI, 


x. 




CGY, 


GAP 




CGY. 






GLY. 






GLY. 






U\'C. 






HMP. 






MYW. 






ARL, 


NTL, 


PEK, SEA. 


HEW, 


MRV, 


NTL. 



ACE, AES, CON, DA, DYS. ESS, GAP, GRC, GRL, HEW, HNT, HRT. 

JRG, LUR, MCP, NMC, PCH, PEK, PG, SOP, SIVT. 
AGP, CON, CP, GRC, HEW, JRG, LEV, NMC, NPR, PG, PRX, 

SWT, VAC. 
BSW. 

GRC, HNT, NMC. 
GRC, NMC. 



SURFACE -ACTIVE AGENTS 



177 



TABLE 2. 



-Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 19 70- -Continued 



Anionic Surface-Active Agents-'Contimied 

*Carboxylic acids (and salts thereof] --Continued 
*Potassium and sodium salts of fatty, rosin, and 
tall oil acids--Continued 

Grease, sodium salt 

Laurie acid, potassium salt 

*Mixed vegetable fatty acids, potassium salt 

Mixed vegetable fatty acids, sodium salt 

Myristic acid, potassium salt 

*01eic acid, potassium salt 

*01eic acid, sodium salt 

Olive oil acids, sodium salt 

Palm kernel oil acids, sodium salt 

Palm oil acids, sodium salt 

Peanut oil acids, potassium salt 

Peanut oil acids, sodium salt 

Rosin acids, potassium salt 

Rosin acids, sodium salt 

*Soybean oil acids, potassium and sodium salts: 

Potassium salt 

Sodium salt 

*Stearic acid, potassium salt 

Stearic acid, sodium salt 

*Tall oil acids, potassium and sodium salts: 

*Potassium salt 

*Sodium salt 

Tallow acids, potassium salt 

*Tallow acids, sodium salt 

All other 

'Phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esters (and salts 
thereof) : 
*Alcohols and phenols, ethoxylated and phosphated: 

Butyl alcohol ethoxylated and phosphated 

*Dinonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Dodecylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

2-Ethylhexanol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Iso-pentyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

*Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and phosphated-- 
*Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

9-Octadecenyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated-- 
9-Octadecenyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

ethanolamine salt. 

Octylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Octylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated, magnesium 

salt. 

Phenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Polyhydric alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

*Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

All other 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



NMC. 

VAL. 

AES, AML, DYS, GRC, GRL, LUR, PCH, PEK, SWT. 

HAL, SWT. 

AES. 

AES, ARL, CGY, CHP, DA, DYS, GYR, HNT, S, SHP, SWT, 

USR, WBG. 
BSW, DA, GYR, LEV, LUR, MRV, NMC, SIVT, USR, WBG, WTC. 
HEW, HNT, LUR. 
NMC. 

HEW, LUR, PRX. 
KAL, SLC. 
NMC. 
USR, X. 
CRT, HRT, PRX, SLM, x. 

CON, DYS, HEW, PEK. 

HEW. 

GYR. HEW, USR, WTC. 

DA, HEW, LEV, MAL, MRV, WTC. 

ACE, AES, ACY, CON, DYS, ESS, GAP, GRC, HNT, NMC, 

PEK, PNX, SOP, VAL, x. 
ASY, GRC, GYR, PRX, SNW, SOP, UNP, x. 
AES, ASY, DYS, GYR, PG, SWT, USR. 
AGP, ASY, BSW, CON, CP, DA, GRC, GYR, HEW, JRG, LEV, 

LUR, NMC, NPR, PG, PRX, QCP, SWT. 
ASY. 



GAP. 

GAP, RTF, TCH, TXT. 

GAP, wic, wrc. 

GAP. 

WAY. 

GAP. 

CHP, CRT, GST, GAP, SEY, TCH, TXT, WTC, WYN. 

GAP, HDG, NLC, RTP, SCP, SEY, TCC, TCI, TXN, TXT, 

VAC, WAY, WTC. 
GAP. 
GAP. 



DUP, RH, WAY. 



GAP, WTC, X. 

NLC. 

GAP, LUR, NLC, SOP, TCC, WAY, WTC. 

GAP, WTC. 



178 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. — Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Anionic Surfaae-Aative ;ljents--Continued 

'Phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esters (and salts 
thereof) --Continued 
*Alcohols, phosphated or polyphosphated: 

Decyl, dodecyl, and octyl phosphate, morpholine 
salt. 

Decyl and octyl phosphate 

Decyl polyphosphate, sodium salt 

Decyl polyphosphate, triethanolamine salt 

2-Ethylhexyl phosphate 

*2-Ethylhexyl phosphate, sodium salt 

2-Ethylhexyl polyphosphate 

2-Ethylhexyl polyphosphate, sodium salt 

Hexyl polyphosphate, potassium salt 

Mixed alkyl ohosphate 

Mixed alkyl phosphate, diethanelamine salt 

9-Octadecenyl phosphate 

Octadecyl phosphate, triethanolamine salt 

Octyl phosphate 

Octyl phosphate, alkylamine salt 

Octyl phosphate, potassium salt 

Octyl polyphosphate 

Octyl polyphosphate, potassium salt 

All other 

'Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof) : 
*Alkylbenzenesulfonates : 
*Dodecy Ibenzenesulf onates ; 

*Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, butylamine salt 

♦Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, calcium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, diethanolamine salt- 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, dimethylamine salt-- 

Dodecy Ibenzenesulf onic acid, ethylenediamine 

salt. 

♦Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, isopropanolamine 

salt. 

♦Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, isopropylamine 
salt. 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, (mixed alkyl)amine 
salt. 

♦Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid., potassium salt 

♦Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 



♦Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, triethanolamine 
salt. 
♦Other alkylbenzenesulfonates: 

Decylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Didodecy Ibenzenesulf onic acid 

Didodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Pentadecylbenzenesulfonic acid, potassium salt- 
Pentylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 



DUP, HDG. 
DUP, TXN. 

nrrc. 

RCD. 

WAY. 

SEY, TCI, UCC, UVC. 

SFA, TCC, TCI. 

SPA. 

DEX. 

CST, DUP, SFA, TCC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

RCD. 

TXT. 

DUP, TXT. 

DUP. 

DEX. 

x. 

SFA, VAL. 



ACS, ARD, ATR, CO, CRT, CTL, EMK, HLI , LAK, LEV, PIL, 

PLX, PRX, RCD, RTF, STP, TCI, TEN, TXT. 

AKS, ARL, ATR, TXN. 

SOP, WTC. 

APD, NLC, RCD, RH, RTF, STP, WTC. 

SOP, VAL, WTC. 
PIL. 
APD. 

CTL, RCD, X. 

APD, CTL, RCD, SNW, STP, TCH. 

ECC, NLC, PCS, OTC. 

RCD, SOP, VAL. 

AAC, ACS, AKS, APX, ARD, ARL, ATR, BLA, CO, CP, CRT, 
CTL, DA, DEP, DSO, ECC, HLI, LEV, MON, PG, PIL, 
PLX, PRX, RCD, STP, TEN, TXN, TXT, WTC. 

AAC, ACS, ARD, ARL, CTL, ESS, HLI. PEK, PIL, RCD, 
RTF, SOS, STP, TXN, VAC, IVTC, x. 

LAK, MON. 

CO. 

ATR. 

STP. 

MON. 



SURFACE -ACTIVE AGENTS 



179 



TABLE 2. — Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Anionic Surface-Active j43e?jts--Continued 

'Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof) --Continued 
*Alkylbenzenesulfonates- -Continued 

*Other alky Ibenzenesulfonates- -Continued 

Tridecylbenzenesulfonic acid 

*Tridecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Tridecylbenzenesulfonic acid, triethanolamine 
salt. 

Undecylbenzenesulfonic acid 

Undecylbenzenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

Undecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Undecylbenzenesulfonic acid, triethanolamine 
salt. 

All other 

*Benzene-, cumene-, toluene-, and xylenesulfonates : 

Benz^^sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

*Cumenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

Cumenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Toluenesulfonic acid 

Toluenesulfonic acid, potassium salt 

Toluenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Xylenesulfonic acid 

*Xylenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

Xylenesulfonic acid, potassium salt 

*Xylenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

*Ligninsulfonates : 

Ligninsulfonic acid, aluminum salt 

Ligninsulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

*Ligninsulfonic acid, calcium salt 

*Ligninsulfonic acid, chromium salt 

Ligninsulfonic acid, iron salt -r 

Ligninsulfonic acid, magnesium salt 

Ligninsulfonic acid, mixed salts 

*Ligninsulfonic acid, sodium salt 

All other 

*Naphthalenesulfonates : 

Alkylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

*ButyJ- and dibutylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 
and sodium salt : 

Butylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Dibutylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

Didodecylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Diisopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Dipentylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

Dipentylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, (mixed alkyl)- 
amine salt. 

Dipentylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Isopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

Isopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

Methylenebis (2-naphthalenesulfonic acid) 

Methylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Methylnonylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Tetrahydronaphthalenesulfonic acid 

All other 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



CO, 

BLA, 

PCS. 

TXT. 
TXT. 
TXT. 
TXT. 



PIL, RCD. 
CO, CP, NPR, PG, PIL, RCD, TXT, UTTC . 



NES, 

NES 

NES, 

NES, 

NES 

CO, 

HLl, 

CO, 

NES. 

ATR. 

MAR. 
CPP, 
CRZ, 
DCP, 
CRZ, 
WVA. 
PSP. 
CRZ, 
WVA. 



STP, WTC. 

RCD, WTC. 
RCD, STP, TXN. 
NES, STP, WTC. 

HLI, NES, RCD, STP, TXN, WTC. 

CO, HLI, NES, PIL, RCD, SDC, STP, TXN, WTC. 



CRZ, SPA. 

CWP, GLY, LKY, MAR, PSP. 

MAR, RAY. 

WVA. 



MAR, RAY, SNC, WVA. 



CLD, 


DA, ECC, PFZ 


GAP, 


S. 


PFZ. 




GAP, 


PFZ. 


NLC. 




NLC. 




CGY. 




DUP, 


GRD. 


NLC. 




DUP. 




DA, 


UDI. 


UDI. 




DUP. 




TRC. 





180 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



-Surface-active agents for which U.S. productibn or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Anionio Surfaae-Aotive Agents — Continued 

•Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof)--Continued 
•Sulfonic acids having amide linkages: 
*Sulfosuccinic acid derivatives: 

N- (1 ,2-Dicarboxyethyl)-N-octadecylsulfosuccinamic 

acid, tetrasodium salt. 
N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-N- (tallow alkyl)sulfo- 

succinamic acid, disodium salt. 

N-Octadecylsulfosuccinamic acid, disodium salt^ 

Sulfosuccinic acid, alkanolamide half ester, 

sodium salt. 
Sulfosuccinic acid, alkanolamide half ester, tri- 

ethanolamine salt. 
Sulfosuccinic acid, 2- (coconut oil amido)ethyl 

ester, disodium salt. 
•Taurine derivatives: 

N- (Coconut oil acyl)-N-methyltaurine, sodium 

salt. 
N- (Cyclohexyl-N-palmitoyltaurine, sodium 

salt. 

*N-Methyl-N-oleoyltaurine, sodium salt 

N-Methyl-N-palmitoyltaurine, sodium salt 

N-Methyl-N- (tall oil acyl)taurine, sodium salt 

N-Methyl-N- (tallow acyl)taurine, sodium salt 

All other 

•Sulfonic acids having ester or ether linkages: 
•Sulfosuccinic acid esters: 

Sulfosuccinic acid, bis(2,6-dimethyl-4-heptyl] 

ester, sodium salt. 
•Sulfosuccinic acid, bis(2-ethylhexyl) ester, 

sodium salt. 
Sulfosuccinic acid, bis (tallow monoglyceride) 

ester, sodium salt. 

Sulfosuccinic acid, dihexyl ester, sodium salt 

Sulfosuccinic acid, diisobutyl ester, sodium 

salt. 
Sulfosuccinic acid, diisodecyl ester, sodium 

salt. 
Sulfosuccinic acid, diisooctyl ester, sodium 

salt. 
Sulfosuccinic acid, dipentyl ester, sodium 

salt. 
Sulfosuccinic acid, ditridecyl ester, sodium 

salt. 
•Other sulfonic acids having ester or ether 
linkages: 
Coconut oil acids, 2-sulfoethyl ester, sodium 

salt. 
Dodecyldiphenyloxidedisulfonic acid, disodium 

salt. 

Dodecyl sulfoacetate 

Iso-octylphenol, ethoxylated and sulfonated, 

sodium salt. 
All other 



ACY, 


CTN, 


MOA. 


SCP. 






ACY. 
HDG, 


SCP. 




SCP. 






LAK. 






GAP, 


LIL, 


TNI. 


GAP. 







CRT, DA, DEP, GAP, HRT, MCP, SNW. 

GAP, WTC. 

DUP, GAP. 

GAP. 

GAP. 



ACY, AKS, CGY, CHP, CRT, GST, DA, DAN, ECC, EMK, HDG, 

HRT, ICl, MCP, MOA, PC, TCI, UVC. 
ACY. 



ACY, 


MOA 


MOA. 




MCP. 




RH. 




ACY. 




ACY, 


MOA 



GAP, 


LEV, 


X 


DOW 






ACS 






CRT, 


RH. 




PG, 


SLM. 





SURFACE -ACTIVE AGENTS 



181 



TABLE 2. — Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Anionio Surfaae-Aative ,4g'ents--Continued 

'Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof] — Continued 
*A11 other sulfonic acids: 

Butylhydroxybiphenylsulfonic acid 

Mixed alkanesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Mixed fish oils, sulfonated 

Petroleumsulfonic acid, water soluble 
(acid layer), sodium salt. 

All other 

'Sulfuric acid esters (and salts thereof) : 
*Acids, amides, and esters, sulfated: 

'Coconut oil acids - ethanolamine condensate, 
sulfated, potassium salt. 
Glycerol monoester of coconut oil acids, sulfated, 
sodium salt. 

9-Octadecenyl acetate, sulfated, sodium salt 

'Oleic acid esters, sulfated: 

2-Butoxyethyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

'Butyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

2-Ethylhexyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

Ethyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

'Glycerol trioleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

'Isopropyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

Methyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

Mixed esters of oleic acid, sulfated, sodium 
salt. 

'Propyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

'Oleic acid, sulfated, disodium salt 

Oleic acid, sulfated, triethanolamine salt 

Propyl ricinoleate, sulfated, disodium salt 

'Tall oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

All other 

'Alcohols, sulfated: 

'Coconut and sperm oil alkyl sulfate, sodium salt-- 

Decyl and octyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Decyl sulfate, sodium salt 

3,9-Diethyl-6-tridecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

'Dodecyl sulfate salts: 

2-Amino-2-methylpropanol salt 

'Ammonium salt 

'Diethanolamine salt 

Diethylamine salt 

N,N-Diethylcyclohexy lamina salt 

Isopropanolamine salt 

'Magnesium salt 

Potassium salt 

'Sodium salt 

'Triethanolamine salt 

2-Ethylhexyl sulfate, sodium salt 

7-Ethyl-2-methyl-4-undecyl sulfate, sodium salt--- 
Hexadecyl and 9-octadecenyl sulfate, sodium salt-- 



RBC. 

DUP, VPC. 
SLM. 
WTC. 

STC. 



DEX, EMK, ONX. 



AAC, CP. 



S. 

AKS, EFH, ICl, MCP, ONX, PC. 

MCP. 

GAP. 

LEA, MRV, SCP. 

CRT, DEX, ECC, HRT, ICl, LEA, SCP. 

DA, ICl. 

EFH, MCP, SEY. 

ACY, CHP, GAP, MRV, WTC. 

ACT, ACY, CRT, DA, EFH, GAP, ICl, LEA, MRV, SCO, 

TEN, WHW. 
WAY. 
AKS. 
ACY, APX, BAO, CHP, DA, HRT, ICI, KAL, MRV, RTF, 

SEA, WHI, WHW. 
EMR. SLM. 

DEP, DUP. 

PCS. 

CTL, DA, DUP. 

UCC. 

DUP. 

AAC, CTL, HLI, JRG, ONX, PCS, RCD, SCP, STP, WTC. 

DUP, HLI, JRG, ONX, SCP, STP, WTC. 

AAC. 

DUP. 

JRG, PCS. 

AAC, HLI, ONX, STP. 

HLI, PC, RCD. 

AAC, CTL, DUP, HLI, JRG, ONX, PCS, PC, RCD, RTF. 

SCP, SEY, STP. 
AAC, CTL, DUP, HLI, ONX, PCS, PG, RCD, SCP, SEY, 

STP, TXT. 
AAC, PCS, UCC. 
UCC. 
AAC, RCD. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. --Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970-- Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Anionic Surface-Active Agrents--Continued 

^Sulfuric acid esters (and salts thereof) --Continued 
♦Alcohols, sulfated--Continued 

Hexadecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Hexyl sulfate, potassium salt 

*Mixed linear alcohol sulfate, ammonium salt 

*Mixed linear alcohol sulfate, sodium salt 

Mixed linear alcohol sulfate, triethanolamine 
salt. 

Nonyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Octadecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Octadecyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

Octyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Tridecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

*Ethers, sulfated: 

*Alkylphenols, ethoxylated and sulfated: 

Iso-octylphenol, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

sodium salt. 
Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and sulfated, ammonium 

salt. 
Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and sulfated, sodium 

salt. 
Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and sulfated, tri- 
ethanolamine salt. 
*Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

ammonium salt. 
*Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, 
sodium salt. 
Dodecyl and tetradecyl alcohols, ethoxylated 
and sulfated, ammonium salt. 

2-Hexyloxypropyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and sulfated, 
ammonium salt. 
*Mixed linear alcohols, elhoxylated and sulfated, 
sodium salt. 
Sperm oil alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

sodium salt. 
Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, 
sodium salt. 

All other 

•Natural fats and oils, sulfated: 

*Castor oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

*Coconut oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

*Cod oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Grease, other than wool, sulfated, sodium salt 

Herring oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Lard, sulfated, sodium salt 

Mixed animal and vegetable oils, sulfated, sodium 
salt. 

*Mixed fish oils, sulfated, sodium salt 

Mustard seed oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

*Neat's-foot oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Peanut oil, sulfated, sodium salt 



AAC, DUP, SCP. 

DEX. 

CP, LAK, S, SCP, TXT. 

CP, LAK, SCP, TXT, VAC. 

LAK. 

TEN. 

DUP, EMK, ONX, PG. 

DUP. 

AAC, DUP. 

AAC. 



RH. 

CGY, GAP, STP, TXT, x. 

CRT, GAP. 

ARL. 

AAC, CTL, HLI, TXT. 

AAC, CTL, DUP, ONX, PCS, RCD, RTF, SCP, STP. 

LEV, TXN. 

S. 

CO, LAK, NLC, PIL, RCD, SCP, SHC, STP, TXT, UCC. 

CO, CRT, DA, GAP, LAK, PIL, RCD, SCP, SHC, STP, TCI, 

TXT. 
DUP, WAW. 

AAC, ARL, RCD. 

APX, PG. 

ACT, ACY, AKS, AML, APX, BAO, BSW, CRT, DA, DEX, 
EFH, GAP, HRT, ICl, KAL, KNG, LEA, LUR, MCP, MRD, 
MRV, ONX, PC, S, SCO, SLC, SLM, SNW, WHl , WHW. 

ACY, BAO, DA, KNG, LUR, MRD, SEA, WHW. 

ACT, BAO, CRT, S, SEA, WAW, WHl, WHW. 

SEA, WHl. 

ACT, DA, WHl, WHW. 

SLM, WAW. 

SLM. 

ACT, AML, DA, MRD, SCO, SLM. 

DA, LUR. 

ACT, BAO, CRT, DA, KAL, LUR, MRD, PC, SEA, SLM, WHW. 

ACY, DA, LEA, LUR, SLC. 



SURFACE -ACTIVE AGENTS 



183 



TABLE 2. — Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Anionic Surface-Active /43ents--Continued 

♦Sulfuric acid esters (and salts thereof) --Continued 
♦Natural fats and oils, sulfated — Continued 

Ricebran oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

♦Soybean oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

♦Sperm oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

♦Tallow, sulfated, sodium salt 

Whale oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Other anionic surface-active agents: 

Lignin (non-sulfonated) and salts thereof 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and carbonated, 

sodium salt. 
Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and carbonated, 

sodium salt. 

Cationic Surface-Active Agents 

♦Amine oxides and oxygen-containing amines (except 
those having amide linkages) : 
*Acyclic: 

N,N-Bis (2-hydroxyethyl)decylamine oxide 

N,N-Bis (2-hydroxyethyl)dodecyl amine 

N,N-Bis (2-hydroxyethyl)octadecylamine 

N,N-Bis (2-hydroxyethyl) (tallow alkyl)amine 

N,N-Bis (2-hydroxyethyl) (tallow alkyl)amine acetate- 

♦(Coconut oil alkyl)amine, ethoxylated 

(Coconut oil alkyl)amine, ethoxylated, acetate 

(Coconut oil alkyl)amine, etho;yylated, maleate 

N,N-Diethyldecylamine oxide 

N,N-Dimethylhexadecylamine oxide 

(Hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine, ethoxylated 

N- (2-Hydroxyethyl)-N,N' ,N'-tris (2-hydroxypropyl)- 
ethylenediamine. 

(Mixed alkyl)amine, ethoxylated 

(Mixed alky l)poly(oxyethylene) amine 

Mixed substituted oximes 

(9-Octadecenyl) amine, ethoxylated 

Octadecyl amine, ethoxylated 

Polyethylenepolyamine, alkoxylated 

(Soybean oil alkyl)amine, ethoxylated 

♦(Tallow alkyl)amine, ethoxylated 

Tallow alkyl amine sulfate, ethoxylated 

N- (Tallow alkyl)trimethylenediamine, ethoxylated 

N,N,N' ,N'-Tetrakis (2-hydroxyethyl) ethylenediamine-- 
N,N,N' ,N' -Tetrakis (2-hydroxypropyl)ethylenediamine, 
propoxylated and ethoxylated. 

All other 

♦Cyclic (except imidazoline and oxazoline derivatives: 

N-Hexadecylmorpholine 

N- (2 -Hydroxyethy 1 ) - 1 , 2-dipheny lethy lenediamine 

Lignin amine 

Rosin amine, ethoxylated 

N- (Soybean oil alkyl)morpholine 

All other 



DA, EFH, LUR. 

CRT, HRT, KAL, LEA, MRD, ONX. 

ACT, BAD, CLD, CRT, DA, HRT, KAL, KNG, LEA, MRD, 

ONX, RTC, SEA, WHI , WHW. 
ACT, ACY, BSW, DA, ECC, EFH, ICI, K.4L, LUR, MCP, MRD, 

ONX, PC, PCI, QCP, SCP, SID, SLM, SOS, WHI. 
KNG. 

WVA. 
S. 



BRD. 






CTL, 


FIN. 




ARC, 


FIN, 


TCH. 


ARC. 






PG. 






AAC, 


APD, 


ARC, ASH, BRD, SDH, TCH, VAC, WYN 


RPC. 






SDH. 






BRD. 






ONX. 






CGY, 


TCH. 




NLC. 






APD, 


CGY, 


DA, GAF, NLC, RH. 


GAP. 






GNM. 






ARC, 


TCH. 




ARC, 


TCH. 




NLC. 






AAC, 


ARC, 


VAC. 


AAC, 


ARC, 


CGY, DUP, TCH. 


DUP. 






ARC. 






NLC. 






ARC, 


WYN. 




ARC, 


BRD, 


X. 


APD, 


wrc. 




APX, 






WVA. 






HPC, 


NLC, 


PCS, RTF, iirrc. 


APD. 






TCH. 







184 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. --Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 









Manufacturers 


identification codes 


Chemical 








(according 


to list in table 3) 


Cationia Supface-Aotive Agents--Contirmed 












*Amine oxides and oxygen-containing amines (except those 












having amide linkages) — Continued 












* Imidazoline and oxazoline derivates: 












2-(8-Heptadecenyl)-4,4-bis(hydroxymethyl)-2- 


COM, 


SIVT, 


UVC 






oxazoline. 












*2- (8-Heptadeceny 1) - 1- (2-hydroxyethyl )-2- 


DA, 


ONX, 


UVC, 


VAC. 




imidazoline. 












2- (S-Heptadecenyl) -4-hydroxymethyl-4-methyl-2- 


CGY, 


COM 


UVC 






oxazoline. 












2- CHeptadecylH-C2-hydroxyethyl) -2- imidazoline 


CGY. 


MOA, 


UVC 


VAC. 






UVC. 














1- (2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(coconut oil alkyl}-2- 


CGY, 


MOA, 


PCS 


UVC. 




imidazoline. 












*l-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(tall oil alkyl)-2- 


HDG, 


MOA, 


NLC 


UVC. 




imidazoline. 












1- (2-Hydroxyethyl )-2-tridecyl-2-imidazoline 


UVC, 


WTC. 








hydrochloride. 














UVC. 














2- f 1 1- Hydro xy-8-heptadecenvl) -2- imidazoline 


UVC. 














All other 


EMR. 










*Amines and amine oxides having amide linkages: 












*Carboxylic acid - diamine and polyamine condensates: 












Caprylic acid - tetraethylenepentamine condensate 


ICI. 










Coconut oil acids - diethylenetriamine condensate 


AFX, 


TXT. 








Coconut oil acids - N,N-dimethyltrimethylene- 


JRG, 


TXT, 


WTC 






diamine condensate. 












Mixed dicarboxylic acids - polyalkylenepolyamine 


TXT. 










condensate. 












Mixed fatty acids - polyalkylenepolyamine 


GRD, 


NLC. 








condensate. 












Oleic acid - 1- (2raminoethyl)piperazine condensate-- 


TXT. 












AFD, 


TXT. 












Oleic acid - N,N-dimethyltrimethylenediamine 


CCtV. 










condensate. 












Pelargonic acid - tetraethylenepentamine 


ICI. 










condensate. 












♦Stearic acid - diethylenetriamine condensate 


CHP, 


CST, 


HRT, 


ONX, S. 




Stearic acid - N,N-diethylethylenediamine 


CGY. 










condensate. 












Stearic acid - dipropylenetriamine condensate 


JOR. 










Stearic acid - tetraethylenepentamine condensate 


DEX, 


ICI, 


ONX. 






Tall oil acids - diethylenetriamine condensate 


New, 


NLC, 


RTF. 






Tall oil acids - polyalkylenepolyamine condensate 


RTF. 










All other 


EFH. 


VND. 








Carboxylic acid - diamine and polyamine condensates. 








alkoxylated: 












Coconut oil acids - diethylenetriamine condensate 


TCC. 










polyethoxylated. 












Coconut oil acids - ethylenediamine condensate. 


ARL. 










monoethoxylated. 












*01eic acid - ethylenediamine condensate, mono- 


CLD, 


DA, 


DEX, 


SOC, TNA. 




ethoxylated. 












Palm oil acids - ethylenediamine condensate, mono- 


APX. 










ethoxylated. 













SURFACE -ACTIVE AGENTS 



185 



TABLE 2. --Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Cationio Surface-Active <4g'e?zts--Continued 

'Amines and amine oxides having amide 
linkages — Continued 
Carboxylic acid - diamine and polyamine condensates, 
alkoxylated- -Continued 
'Stearic acid - ethylenediamine condensate, mono- 
ethoxylated. 
Stearic acid - diethylenetriamine condensate, poly- 

ethoxylated. 
Stearic acid - ethylenediamine condensate, poly- 
ethoxylated. 

3-Lauramido-N,N-dimethylpropylamine oxide 

All other 

* Amines, not containing oxygen (and salts thereof]: 
*Amine salts: 

(Coconut oil alkyl^amine acetate 

N- (Coconut oil alkyl)trimethylenediamine acetate 

(Hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine acetate 

(9-0ctadecenyl)amine acetate 

Octadecyl amine acetate 

Octylamine acetate 

(Tallow alkyl)amine acetate 

N- (Tallow alkyl)trimethylenediamine acetate 

N- (Tallow alkyl)trimethylenediamine naphthenate 

N- (Tallow alkyl)trimethylenediamine oleate 

All other 

♦Diamines and polyamines : 

*N- (Coconut oil alkyl]trimethylenediamine 

N-(Docosyl- and eicosyl)trimethylenediamine 

*Imidazoline derivatives: 

1- (2-Aminoethyl)-2-heptadecyl-2-imidazoline 

1- (2-Aminoethyl)-2- (mixed alkyl)-2-imida2oline 

1- [3- (2-Aminoethyl)naphth-l-yl] -2- (8-hepta- 

decenyl)-2-imidazoline. 
1- (2-Aminoethyl5-2-nor(tall oil alkyl)-2- 
imidazoline. 

2- (8-Heptadecenyl)-2-imidazoline 

2-Heptadecyl-2-imidazoline 

N- (Mixed alkyl)polyethylenepolyamine 

*N- (9-0ctadecenyl)trimethylenediamine 

Polybutene amine 

N- (Soybean oil alkyl)trimethylenediamine 

N-(Tall oil alkyljtrimethylenediamine 

N- (Tallow alkyl)dipropylenetriamine 

*N- (Tallow alkyl]trimethylenediamine 

•Primary monoamines: 

(Coconut oil alkyl^amine 

(Cottonseed oil alkyl)amine 

Dodecylamine 

Docosyl- and eicosylamine 

Hexadecylamine 

* (Hydrogenated tallow alkyl]amine 

(Mixed alky 1) amine 

(Mixed tert-alkyl) amine 

Myristylamine 

*9-0ctadecenylamine 



AML, CLD, CST, DA, DEX, ECC, ICI, MRA, S, SNW. 

TCC. 

APD. 



SNW. 






MYW, 


UVC. 




ARC, 


IVTC. 




ASH. 






ARC, 


ASH. 




ARC, 


GNM. 




ACY, 


ARC. 




ARC. 






ARC. 






ARC, 


ASH. 




APD. 






ARC, 


ASH. 




ARC. 






ARC, 


ENO, 


GNM. 


ENO. 






UVC. 






UVC. 






NLC. 






NLC, 


RTF, 


UVC. 


PCS. 






SCO. 






CCW. 






ARC, 


ASH, 


GNM. 


ORO. 






ENO. 






ARC. 






ARC, 


GNM. 




ARC, 


ASH, 


ENO, GNM 


ARC, 


ENO, 


GNM. 


ASH. 






ARC, 


ASH, 


GNM. 


ENO 






ENO. 






ARC, 


ASH, 


ENO, GNM 


ARC, 


GNM. 




RH. 






GNM. 






ARC, 


ASH, 


ENO, GNM 



186 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. — Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Cationio Surfaae-Aotive 4grents--Continued 

•Amines, not containing oxygen (and salts thereof) -- 
Continued 
♦Primary iiionoamines--Continued 

*Octadecyl amine 

Octylamine ■ 

tert-Octylamine 

(Soybean oil alkyl)amine 

(Tall oil alkyl)amine 

* (Tallow alkyl) amine 

♦Secondary and tertiary monoamines : 

Bis(coconut oil alkyl)amine 

Bis(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine 

Bis (soybean oil alkyl)amine 

N,N-Diethyloctylamine 

N,N-Dimethyl (coconut oil alkyl)amine 

N,N-Dimethyldecyl amine 

N,N-Dimethyl (docosyl and eicosyl)amine 

N,N-Dimethyldodecyl amine 

N,N- Dime thy Ihexadecyl amine 

N,N-Dimethyl (hydrogenated tallow alkyl)ajnine 

N,N-Dimethyl (mixed alkyl)amine 

*N, N-Dime thy loctadecyl amine 

N,N-Dimethyl (soybean oil alkyl)amine 

N, N-Dime thy Itetradecylamine 

N,N-Dimethyltridecyl amine 

*N-Methy Ibis (coconut oil alkyl)amine 

*N-Methy Ibis (hydrogenated tallow alkyl]amine 

N-Methylbis(mixed alkyl) amine 

N-Methyldioctadecylamine 

Tri octylamine 

*Oxygen~containing quaternary ammonium salts: 

Quaternary ammonium salts having amide linkages: 
(2-Hydroxyethyl)dimethyl (3-stearai]iidopropyl) - 

ammonium dihydrogen phosphate. 
(2-Hydroxyethyl)dimethyl(3-stearajiiidopropyl)- 

ammonium nitrate. 
(3-Lauramidopropyl)trimethylammonium methyl 

sulfate. 
2- (2-Lauroyloxyethyl) carbamoyl- 1-methylpyridinium 

chloride. 
Stearic acid - diethanolamine condensate, methyl 

sulfate. 
Tall oil acid - polyalkylenepolyamine condensate, 

quaternary sulfate. 
Trimethyl (3-oleamidopropyl) ammonium methyl 
sulfate. 

All other 

Other oxygen-containing quaternary ammonium salts; 
(2-Aminoethyl)ethyl(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)2- 

hydroxyethyl) ammonium ethyl sulfate. 
Benzyl (coconut oil alkyl)bis (2-hydroxyethyl)- 
aramonium chloride. 



ARC, 


ASH, 


ENO, 


GNM. 


ARC. 








RH. 








ARC, 


ENO. 






ASH, 


GNM. 






ARC, 


ASH, 


ENO, 


GNM, SNW 


ARC. 








ARC, 


ASH, 


ENO. 




ARC. 








BRD. 








ARC, 


ASH, 


BRD, 


ENO. 


BRD. 








ENO. 








ARC, 


BRD. 






ARC, 


BRD. 






ARC, 


ASH. 






ARC, 


BRD, 


PG. 




ARC, 


ASH, 


BRD, 


ENO. 


ARC, 


ENO. 






ARC, 


BRD, 


GNM. 




BRD. 








ARC, 


ENO, 


GNM. 




ARC, 


ASH, 


ENO, 


GNM. 


PG. 








ASH. 








GNM. 








ACY. 








ACY. 








ACY. 








IVTC. 








DUP. 








NLC. 








CGY. 








ARC, 


VAC. 






LUR. 








CGY, 


NLC. 







SURFACE -ACTIVE AGENTS 



187 



TABLE 2. --Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Chemical 






Manufacturers 
(according 


identification codes 
to list in table 3) 


Caticnio Surface-Active Agents — Continued 










•Oxygen-containing quaternary ammonium salts- -Continued 










Other oxygen-containing quaternary ammonium 










salts- -Continued 










Benzyl (coconut oil alkyl, ethoxylated)dimethyl- 


GAP. 








ammonium chloride. 










l-Benzyl-2-heptadecyl-l-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2- 


UVC. 








imidazolinium chloride. 










l-Benzyl-l-C2-hydroxyethyl)-2-norCtall oil alkyl)- 


NLC, 


UVC. 






2-imidazolinium chloride. 










Bis C2-hydroxyethyl , ethoxy lated)methyl (9-octa- 


ARC. 








decenyl)ammonium chloride. 










Bis (2-hydroxyethyl , ethoxylated)methyloctadecyl- 


ARC. 








ammonium chloride. 










CCoconut oil alkyl)bis(2-hydroxyethyl, ethoxy- 


ARC, 


VAC. 






latedjmethylammonium chloride. 










(Ethoxybenzyl 3 dimethyl (octylphenoxy) ammonium 


RH. 








chloride. 










(Ethoxybenzyl ) dimethyl (octyltolyloxy^ ammonium 


RH. 








chloride. 










l-Ethyl-2-(8-heptadecenyl)-l-[2-hydroxyethyl)-2- 


APD, 


UVC. 






imidazolinium ethyl sulfate. 










N-Ethyl-N-hexadecylmorpholinium ethyl sulfate 


APD, 


BRD. 






N-Ethyl-N- (soybean oil alkyljmorpholinium ethyl 


APD, 








sulfate. 










2(8-Heptadecenyl)-l,l-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)-2- 


CGY. 








imidazolinium chloride. 










N-C2-Hydroxyethyl)-N,N' ,N' -tris (2-hydroxypropyl) - 


DUP. 








ethylenediamine, distearate methyl sulfate. 










2-Hydroxytrimethylenebis[ (Jcoconut oil alkyl)di- 


CGY. 








methylammonium chloride] 










Octadecylamine, propoxylated and quaternarized 


TCC. 








N,N,N' ,N'-TetrakisC2-hydroxypropyl) ethylene- 


DUP. 








diamine, dioleate methyl sulfate. 










(Tridecylbenzyl)diethyl(2-hydroxyethyl) ammonium 


SNW. 








chloride. 










All other 


APD, 


ARC. 






•Quaternary ammonium salts, not containing oxygen: 






•Acyclic: 










•Bis (coconut oil alkyl)dimethylammonium chloride 


ARC, 


ASH, 


ENO, GNM, VAC. 




Bis (coconut oil alkyl)dimethylammonium nitrate 


ARC. 








•Bis(hydrogenated tallow alkyl) dimethylammonium 


ARC. 


ASH, 


ENO, GNM, VAC. 




chloride. 










(Coconut oil alkyl) trimethylammonium chloride 


ARC, 


ASH, 


GNM. 




Didecyldimethylammonium chloride 


BRD. 








Didodecyldimethylammonium bromide 


ONX. 








Dimethylb 


s(9-octadecenyl) ammonium chloride 


GNM. 








Dimethylb 


Ls(soybean oil alkyl) ammonium chloride 


ARC. 








Dimethyld 


Loctadecylammonium chloride 


ASH, 


ONX, 


PG. 




Dimethyld 


Loctadecylammonium methyl sulfate 


ONX. 








Dodecyltr 


Lmethyl ammonium bromide 


DUP. 










ARC, 
JOR, 


GNM, 
TCC. 


WTC, 




Ethyldimethyl (mixed alkyl) ammonium ethyl sulfate 




Ethyldiraethyl(9-octadecenyl)ammonium bromide 


ONX. 








Ethylhexadecyldimethylammonium bromide 


FIN. 








•Hexadecyltrimethylammonium salts: 










Hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide 


DUP, 


FIN, 


ICI. 




Hexadecyltrimethylammonium chloride 


ARC, 


BRD. 






Hexadec 


rltrimethylammonium p-toluenesulfonate 


FIN. 









188 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



-Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Cationi-o Surface-Active 4jents--Continued 

*Quaternary aminonium salts, not containing oxygen-- 
Continued 
* Acyclic --Continued 

(Hydrogenated tallow alkyl)triiiiethylammonium 
chloride. 

Methyl tricctylammonium chloride 

MethyltrisWixed alkyl)ammonium chloride 

N,N,N' ,N',N'-Pentamethyl-N- (tallow alkyl)tri- 
methylenebis [ammonium chloride]. 

Triethyloctadecylammonium ethyl sulfate 

Trimethyl (mixed alkyl) ammonium chloride 

Trime thy loctadecyl ammonium chloride 

Trimethyl (soybean oil alkyljammonium chloride 

*Trimethyl (tallow alkyl) ammonium chloride 

Trimethyltetradecylammonium bromide 

All other 

*Benzenoid: 

*Benzyl (coconut oil alkyl )dimethylammonium 
chloride. 

*Benzyldimethyl (mixed alkyl)ammonium chloride 

*Benzyldimethyloctadecylammonium chloride 

Benzyldimethyl (tallow alkyl) ammonium chloride 

Benzyldimethyltetradecylammonium chloride 

Ben zyldodecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride 

Benzylhexadecyldimethylammonium chloride 

Benzyl (hydrogenated tallow alkyl)dimethylammonium 
chloride. 

Benzyl (mixed alkyl)pyridinium chloride 

l-Benzyl-2-picolinium bromide 

1-Benzylpyridinium chloride 

*Benzyltrimethylammonium chloride 

(3, 4-Dichlorobenzyl)dodecyldimethyl ammonium 
chloride. 

(Dodecylbenzyl)triethylammonium chloride 

(Dodecylbenzyl)trimethylammonium chloride 

2-Dodecylisoquinolinium bromide 

(Dode cylmethy lb en zyl) trimethyl ammonium chloride — 

1-Dodecylpyridinium chloride 

(Ethylbenzyl)dimethyl (mixed alkyl) ammonium 

chloride. 
l-Phenethyl-2-picolinium bromide 

Nonionia Surfaae-Aative Agents 

*Carboxylic acid amides: 

*Diethanolamine condensates (amine/acid ratio=2/l); 

*Capric acid 

Castor oil acids 

•Coconut oil acids 

Coconut oil and tallow acids 

* Laurie acid 

Laurie and myristic acids 

Linoleic acid 



GNM. 








ASH. 








ARC, 


GNM. 






AKS. 








NLC. 








ARC. 








ARC, 


ENO, 


VAC. 




ARC, 


ASH, 


GNM, 


VAC 


FIN. 








GNM, 


STC. 







ARC, CRT, DEP, LUR, RTF, TXT. 



AAC, 


ASY, 


BRD, 


FIN 


ONX, RH, TXT, VAC 


BRD, 


FIN, 


ONX, 


RH, 


TNI, WSN. 


ENO. 










BRD, 


FIN, 


SNW. 






FIN, 


ONX, 


SDH. 






ONX. 










ENO, 


FIN. 








RTF. 










FIN. 










DEP. 










CHP, 


COM, 


CRT, 


TCC 


WTC. 


ONX, 


VAC. 








CHP, 


PC. 








NLC, 


VAC, 


WTC. 






ONX. 










RH. 










BRD, 


HK. 








ONX. 











CGY, PCS, SCP. UVC. 

CLI, NTL. 

AKS, AML, ARD, BSW, CGY, CLI, CTL, DA, DEP, DSO, EFH, 
ESS, HLI, HRT, JOR, KNP, LUR, MCP, MOA, ONX, PC, 
PCS, PG, PNX, RCD, RTF, SBC, SCP, SEY, SOP, SOS, 
STP, SIVT, TXC, TXN, UNN, UVC, VAC, VAL, WTC. x. 

CLI, CRT, ECC, MOA, PG, VND. 

CLI, DA, DRW, HLI, ONX, PG, RCD, WON, x. 

HLI, MOA, PG. 

VND. 



SURFACE -ACTIVE AGENTS 



189 



TABLE 2. — Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Nonionia Surface-Active 4jents--Continued 

*Carboxylic acid amides — Continued 

*Diethanolamine condensates (amine/acid ratio=2/l) — 
Continued 

Mixed vegetable oil acids 

Myristic acid 

*01eic acid 

Pelargonic acid 

* Stearic acid 

*Tall oil acids 

Tallow acids 

All other 

*Diethanolainine condensates (other amine/acid 
ratios) : 
*Coconut oil acids (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Coconut oil acids (amine acid ratio=1.4/l) 

*Lauric acid {amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Laurie and myristic acids (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Linoleic acid (aipine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Myristic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

*01eic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Palmitic and stearic acids (amine/acid ratio=l .3/1)- 

*Stearic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Stearic acid (amine/acid ratio=2.7/l) 

Tall oil acids (amine/acid ratio=2.7/l) 

Tallow acids (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Unspecified mixed fatty acids (amine/acid 

ratio=l/l) . 

All other 

* Ethano 1 amine condens at es : 

*Coconut oil acids (amine/acid ratio=2/l) 

Coconut oil acids (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Hydrogenated castor oil acids (amine/acid 

ratio=2/l). 

Hydrogenated tallow acids (amine/acid ratio=2/l) 

Laurie acid (amine/acid ratio=2/l) 

Laurie and myristic acids (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Oleic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Oleic acid (amine/acid ratio=2/l) 

Stearic acid (amine/acid ratio=2/l) 

Stearic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Stearic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/2) 

*Lauric acid - isopropanolamine condensate 

*Other carboxylic acid amides: 

Coconut oil acids - ethanolamine condensate, 

ethoxylated. 

Coconut oil acids - isopropanolamine condensate 

Laurie and myristic acids - isopropanolamine 

condensate. 

Oleic acid - ethanolamine condensate, ethoxylated 

Stearic acid - N,N'-diethylethylenediamine 

condensate (amine/acid ratio=l/2). 
Tallow acids - propanolamine condensate, 

ethoxylated. 
All other 



HLI. 

MRT. 

CCW, CLI, EMR, STP, UVC, VAC. 

EMR. 

AML, CLI, DA, EMR, JOR, ONX, SCO, SOS, TXC, VAL. 

EFH, MCP, MOA, MRA, SOS. 

WTC. 

GAP, ROB. 



APX, ARD, CCL, CGY, CLI, CTL, DA, HLI, MOA, ONX, PCS, 
PIL, RTF, SBC, SCP, SEY, STP, TCC, TXN, TXT, VAC. 

JRG. 

CTL, EML, HLI, LEV, MOA, ONX, PCS, PG, RTF, SBC, TXN, 
VAC. 

CLI, TXT. 

MOA. 

HDG. 

CGY, ECC, SBC, SWT, TCC, TXT. 

MCP. 

CGY, EMR, GAF, GLY, RFC, SEY, UVC. 

EFH. 

EFH. 

RFC. 

STP. 



EFH. 



CTL, PCS, PEK, STP, VND, WTC. 
MOA, PG, STP, UVC. 
GLY, NTL. 



GLY 






ARC, 


CTL. 




MOA, 


TXN 




VPC. 






ARD. 






ARC, 


CLI 


ECC. 


MOA, 


VND. 




GLY. 






CLI, 


MOA, 


SNW. 


DA, 


GAF, 


STP. 


STP. 






LEV, 


TXT. 




GAF. 






SNW. 






NLC. 
ARC. 







462-669 0-72-13 



190 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. ■ 



-Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Nonionio Suvfaoe-Aative Agents — Continued 

*Carboxylic acid esters: 
*Anhydrosorbitol esters: 

Anhydrosorbital ester of mixed fatty acids 

Anhydrosorbitol dioleate 

Anhydrosorbitol monoester of tall oil acids 

Anhydrosorbitol monolaurate 

* Anhydrosorbitol mono-oleate 

*Aiihydrosorbitol monopalmitate 

*Anhydrosorbitol monostearate 

Anhydrosorbitol sesquioleate 

Anhydrosorbitol triester of tall oil acids 

Anhydrosorbitol trioleate 

♦Anhydrosorbitol tristearate 

*Diethylene glycol esters: 

Diethylene glycol dioleate 

Diethylene glycol distearate 

Diethylene glycol monoester of coconut oil acids-- 

*Diethylene glycol monolaurate 

Diethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Diethylene glycol monoricinoleate 

*Diethylene glycol monostearate 

Diethylene glycol sesquiester of tall oil acids — 

Diethylene glycol sesquilaurate 

Diethylene glycol sesquistearate 

*Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol esters: 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monoester of tall oil 
acids. 

*Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monolaurate 

*Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol mono-oleate 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monopalmitate 

■■*Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monostearate 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol triester of tall oil 

acids. 
Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol trioleate 

*Bthoxylated anhydrosorbitol tristearate 

Ethoxylated sorbitol esters: 

Ethoxylated sorbitol beeswax ester 

Ethoxylated sorbitol distearate 

Ethoxylated sorbitol heptaoleate 

Ethoxylated sorbitol hexaester of tall oil acids-- 

Ethoxylated sorbitol hexaoleate 

Ethoxylated sorbitol lanolin ester 

Ethoxylated sorbitol mono-oleate 

Ethoxylated sorbitol monostearate" 

Ethoxylated sorbitol oleate, acetylated 

Ethoxylated sorbitol pentaester of tall oil acids- 

Ethoxylated sorbitol pentalaurate 

Ethoxylated sorbitol pentaoleate 

Ethoxylated sorbitol tetraester of lauric and 

oleic acids. 
Ethoxylated sorbitol tetraester of tall oil acids- 

Ethoxylated sorbitol tetraoleate 

♦Ethylene glycol esters: 

Ethylene glycol distearate 

Ethylene glycol ester of dimer acid 

Ethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Ethylene glycol monostearate 

Ethylene glycol sesquistearate 



GLY. 










APD, 


HDG. 








APD, 


GLY, 


HDG, 


TCH. 




APD, 


GLY, 


HDG, 


PCS, 


TCH. 


AAC, 


APD, 


ARC, 


DRW, 


GLY, HDG, PCS, TCH 


APD, 


GLY, 


HDG, 


PCS, 


TCH. 


APD, 


DRW, 


GLD, 


GLY 


PCS. 


AAC, 


GLY, 


HDG. 






TCH. 










AAC, 


APD, 


GLY, 


PCS, 


TCH. 


APD, 


GLY, 


PCS. 






GLY. 










ARC, 


GLY. 








DA. 










CCW, 


ECC, 


GLY, 


HAL, 


HDG. 


ARC, 


EMR, 


HAL. 






GLY. 










ARC, 


CLl, 


DA, 


ECC, 


HAL, HDG, MCP, PCS, 


WM 


, WTC 








ECC, 


WTC. 








ARC, 


GLY. 








WM. 











RTF. 

AAC, APD, ARC, DRW, GLY, HDG, PCS, TCH. 

AAC, APD, ARC, DRW, GLY, HDG, PCS, TCH. 

AAC, APD, GLY, HDG, TCH. 

AAC, APD, ARC, DRW, GLY, HDG, PCS. 
APD, TCH. 

AAC, APD, GLY, PCS, TCH. 

AAC, APD, DRW, GLY, HDG, PCS, TCH. 

APD. 

APD. 

APD. 

APD, TCH. 

APD. 

APD. 

APD. 

SNW. 

APD. 

APD, RTF. 

APD. 

APD. 

APD. 

APD. 
APD. 

ARC, EMR, HUM. 

EMR. 

EFH, HAL. 

ARC, CCW, CLl, GLY, HAL, KNP, PCS, VND, WM. 

WM. 



SURFACE -ACTIVE AGENTS 



191 



TABLE 2. --Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Non-tonic Surface-Active Agents --Continued 

*Carboxylic acid esters--Continued 
*Glycerol esters: 

*Complex glycerol esters; 

Glycerol ester ethoxylated 

Glycerol lactate esters of fatty acids 

Glycerol lactate stearate 

Glycerol maleate mono-oleate 

Glycerol mannitan laurate 

Glycerol monoester of mixed fatty acids, 
acetylated. 

Glycerol mono-oleate, acetylated 

Glycerol monostearate, ethoxylated 

Glycerol monostearate, succinylated 

*Glycerol esters of chemically defined acids: 

Glycerol dioleate 

*Glycerol distearate 

Glycerol monocaprylate 

*Glycerol monolaurate 

* Glycerol mono-oleate 

Glycerol monoricinoleate 

'Glycerol monostearate 

'Glycerol esters of mixed acids : 

Glycerol diester of lard acids 

Glycerol monoester of Coconut oil acids 

Glycerol monoester of corn oil acids 

Glycerol monoester of cottonseed oil acids 

'Glycerol monoester of hydrogenated cottonseed 

oil acids. 
'Glycerol monoester of hydrogenated soybean oil 
acids. 
Glycerol monoester of hydrogenated tallow acids- 

Glycerol monoester of lard acids 

Glycerol monoester of peanut oil acids 

Glycerol monoester of tall oil acids 

All other 

'Natural fats and oils, ethoxylated: 

'Castor oil, ethoxylated 

Corn oil, ethoxylated 

Hydrogenated castor oil, ethoxylated 

'Lanolin, ethoxylated 

Tallow, ethoxylated 

'Polyethylene glycol esters: 

'Polyethylene glycol esters of chemically defined 
acids: 

'Polyethylene glycol dilaurate 

'Polyethylene glycol dioleate 

Polyethylene glycol distearate 

Polyethylene glycol methylcarbitol maleate 

Polyethylene glycol monocaprylate 

'Polyethylene glycol monolaurate 

'Polyethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Polyethylene glycol mono-oleate, ethoxylated 



GLY. 
GLD. 

APD, PCS. 
DA. 
GLY. 
EKT, WTC. 



TCH. 
EKT. 



ARC, HAL. 

APD, APX, ARC, WTC. 

ARC, DRW. 

ARC, GLY, HAL. 

APD, CCW, DRW, EFH, EKT, EMR, GLY, HAL, HDG, PCS, 

SWT, WM, WTC. 
CCW, CGY, DA, GLY, HDG. 
ARC, ASH, CHL, CHP, CRT, DRW, EFH, EMR, GLY, GRO, 

HAL, HRT, LUR, PCS, PG, SOS, SWT, TCC, VND, WM, WTC, x. 

VND, WM. 

DRW, SWT. 

TCH. 

EKT. 

GLD, LEV, WM. 

ASH, DRW, EKT, GLD, NW, PCS. 

PCS, SCT. 

EKT, GLD. 

DRW. 

ARC, EFH. 

APD, CGY, EKT, GLD, LEV. 

AAC, APD, DA, DRW, GAF, GLY, NLC, NTL, PCS, RTF, 

TCH, TMH. 
TCH. 

APD, DA, TCH. 
AAC, APD, CRD, PCS. 
DRW. 



ARC, DA, DEX, EFH, GLY, HAL, HDG, JOR, PCS, WM. 
ARC, CLD, DA, EFH, GLY, HAL, HDG, NLC, PCS, UVC, 

VND, WM. 
AAC, EFH, GLY, HAL, HDG, PCS, QCP. 
CCA. 
ECC. 
AAC, ARC, CCA, DA, DEX, GLY, HAL, HDG, KNP, MCP, PCS, 

TCH, UVC. 
APD, ARC, CCA, CGY, CLD, CRT, DA, DEX, DRW, EFH, GAF, 

GLY, HAL, HDG, ICI, ONX, PCS, TCH, UVC, VAC, WTC. 
APD. 



192 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. 



-Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Non-ionic Surface-Active ^g'ents- -Continued 

*Carboxylic acid esters--Continued 

'Polyethylene glycol esters--Continued 

•Polyethylene glycol esters of chemically defined 
acids --Continued 

Polyethylene glycol monopalmltate 

Polyethylene glycol monopelargonate 

Polyethylene glycol monoricinoleate 

•Polyethylene glycol raonostearate 

Polyethylene glycol sesquioleate 

All other 

•Polyethylene glycol esters of rosin and tall oil 
acids : 

Polyethylene glycol diester of tall oil acids 

•Polyethylene glycol monoester of tall oil acids — 

Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of rosin acids 

•Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of tall oil 
acids. 
•Polyethylene glycol esters of other mixed acids: 
Polyethylene glycol diester of trimerized castor 

oil acids. 
Polyethylene glycol ester of palmitic and stearic 

acids. 
Polyethylene glycol monoester of coconut oil 

acids. 
Polyethylene glycol monoester of coconut oil 

acids, ethoxylated. 
Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of castor oil 
acids. 
•Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of coconut oil 
acids . 

Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of tallow acids 

All other 

•Polyglycerol esters: 

Polyglycerol laurate 

Polyglycerol lactate oleate 

Polyglycerol mono-oleate 

Polyglycerol monostearate 

•Propanediol esters: 

1,2 -Propanediol dioleate 

1,2- Propanediol distearate 

1,2- Propanediol monolaurate 

1,2 -Propanediol mono-oleate 

•1, 2 -Propanediol monostearate 

All other 

Miscellaneous carboxylic acid esters: 

Anhydrosorbitol glycerol monolaurate 

Ethoxylated glycerol sesquiester of mixed fatty 
acids. 

Ethoxylated 1 ,2-propanediol monostearate 

Laurie acid esters of glycerol and ethoxylated 
nonylphenol. 

Methylglucoside laurate 

Miscellaneous esters of stearic acid 

Oleic acid esters of ethoxylated nonylphenol 

Pentaerythritol distearate 



APD. 

EMR, TCH. 

HAL, NTL, TCH, UVC . 

AAC, AKS, AML, APD, ARC, CHP, CRT, DA, DEP, DEX, DRW, 

EFH, EMR, GLY, HAL, HDG, HRT, KNP, ONX, PC. PCS, RH, 

TCC, TCH, VND, WM, WTC. 
EMR, PCS. 
GAP. 



EFH, 
EFH, 
HPC, 
AML, 


GLY 
NLC, 
QCP. 
APD, 


RTF, SOS, TCH. 

ARC, DA, MON, SLM, OTC. 


GLY. 






MCP. 






GLY. 






APD. 






ARC. 






ARL, 


DA, 


MRT, PG, SCP, UVC, VND, W 


SOS. 
ARC, 


VAC. 




VND. 
DRW. 
HDG, 
ASH, 


PCS, 
PCS. 


VND. 


HAL, 
ARC. 
ARC, 
EFH, 
APD, 
ARC, 


x. 

HAL, 
HAL. 
ARC, 
GLD. 


SBC. 

CCW, EKT, GLD, GLY, HAL. 


APD. 
APD. 






APD. 
TCC. 






HDG. 
EMR. 
EFH. 
EMR, 


GLY 


VAL. 



SURFACE -ACTIVE AGENTS 



193 



TABLE 2. --Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Nonionio Surface-Active Agents- -Conti.misi 

*Carboxylic acid esters — Continued 

Miscellaneous carboxylic acid esters — Continued 

Pentaerythritol pelargonate 

Polyalkylene glycol diglycolate 

Polypropylene glycol mono-oleate 

Polypropylene glycol mono-oleate, .propoxylated 

Polypropylene glycol monostearate 

Sucrose esters of fatty acids 

All other 

*Ethers: 

*Benzenoid ethers: 

Alkylphenol - formaldehyde condensates, alkoxylated: 
p-tert-Butylphenol - formaldehyde condensate, 
alkoxylated. 

(Mixed alkyljphenol - formaldehyde, alkoxylated 

Nonylphenol - formaldehyde, alkoxylated 

tert-Octylphenol - formaldehyde condensate, 
ethoxylated. 

p-tert-Butylphenol , ethoxylated 

Diisobutylphenol, ethoxylated 

Dinonylphenol, ethoxylated 

*Dodecylphenol, ethoxylated 

Iso-octylphenol, ethoxylated 

(Mixed alkyl5phenol, ethoxylated 

(Mixed alkyl)phenoxypolyXethyleneoxy5 ethyl 
chloride. 
*Nonylphenol , ethoxylated 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and propoxylated 

Nonylphenoxypoly(ethyleneoxy) ethyl iodide 

n-Octylphenol, ethoxylated 

*Phenol, ethoxylated 

Phenol, propoxylated 

Tetradecylphenol, ethoxylated 

Tridecylphenol, ethoxylated 

Xylenol, ethoxylated 

All other 

*Nonbenzenoid ethers : 

*Linear alcohols, alkoxylated: 

*Decyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Decyl and octyl alcohols, ethoxylated 

Decyl and octyl alcohols, ethoxylated and 
propoxylated. 

Decyloxypoly(ethyleneoxy) ethyl chloride 

*Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and propoxylated 

*Hexadecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

*Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated, butyl ether — 
Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and 
propoxylated. 
*9-0ctadecenyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

*Octadecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Sperm oil alcohol, ethoxylated 



EMR. 
NLC. 
HDG. 
APD. 
HDG. 

sue. 

CCW, STC, TCH, WM. 



NLC. 

NLC, RTF. 
DA, SDW. 

RTF. 

GAF. 

GAF, HDG, STP, TCH, VAC. 

GAF, HON, PCS, TMH, UCC. 

APX, DA, OMC, RH. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

APD, CGY, CLY, DA, GAF, HDG, JCC, MON, NLC, OMC, 

PCS, RH, RTF, STP, TCH, TMH, UCC, VAC. 
RTF. 
GAF. 

TCH, TMH. 

APD, DA, GAF, JCC, TCH, UCC. 
ADP. 
ORO. 
PCS. 
NLC. 
DA, RH, VPC. 



GAF, ICI, TCH. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

GAF. 

AAC, APD, DRW, GAF, HDG, OMC, RTF, SNW. 

DUP. 

AAC, APD, CGY, GLY, ICI. 

AAC, CO, GAF, HDG, JCC, MON, NLC, RH, SEY, SHC, SNW, 

STP, TCH, UCC, WTC. 
TMH. 
GAF, JCC, STP, WYN. 

AAC, APD, ASH, CGY, DA, DUP, GAF, TCH, VPC. 
APD, CGY, DA, DUP, GAF, HDG. 
CRD, DUP. 



194 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. --Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



Nonionia Surface-Active Agents - -Contir\nei 

*Ethers- -Continued 

*Nonbenzenoid ethers--Continued 

*Linear alcohols, alkoxylated — Continued 

Tallow alcohol, ethoxylated 

Tetradecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

All other 

*Other ethers and thioethers: 

*Poly(ethylene and propylene) glycols : 

PolyCmixed ethylene, propylene) glycol 

Polypropylene glycol, ethoxylated 

tert-Dodecyl mercaptan, ethoxylated 

2-Ethylhexanol, ethoxylated 

Glucose, ethoxylated 

Glycerol, alkoxylated 

Iso-octyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Methylglucoside, propoxylated 

*Mixed alcohols, ethoxylated 

Rosin, ethox)'lated 

2,4,7,9-Tetramethyl-5-decyne-4,7-diol, 
ethoxylated. 
*Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Tridecyl alcohol, propoxylated and ethoxylated- 

Trimethylheptanol, ethoxylated 

Trimethylnonyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Trimethylolpropane, alkoxylated 

All other 

*Other nonionic surface-active agents: 

3., 5 -Dimethyl- l-hexyn-3-ol 

3,6-Dimethyl-4-octyne-4,7..diol 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid - diethanolamine 

condensate, fatty acid monoester. 
Glycerol sesquiester of hydrogenated castor oil 
acids, borated and ethoxylated. 

Octyl phosphate, ethoxylated 

2,4,7,9-Tetramethyl-5-decyne-4,7-diol 

Tri(castor oil alkyl)phosphate 

Tr is (nonylphenyl) phosphite 

All other 



AAC, 


JCC. 














AAC. 
















AAC, 


DUP. 














RH. 
















NLC, 


UCC, 


VAC. 












NLC, 


RTF, 


WYN. 












AAC, 


RTF, 


UCC. 












TCH. 
















RH. 
















NLC. 
















GAP. 
















STP. 
















DRW, 


UCC, 


VAC. 












NLC. 
















cue. 
















AAC, 


APD, 


DRW, GAP, 


GLY, ICI, 


JCC, 


MON, 


NLC, 


OMC, PCS 


RTF, TCH, UCC. 












JCC. 
















PCS. 
















HDG, 


UCC. 














HDC, 


JFF, 


RTF, WYN. 












AAC, 


NLC, 


SNW. 












cue. 
















cue. 
















ACT. 
















GLY. 
















DUP. 
















cue. 
















GLY. 
















GAP. 
















NLC. 

















SURFACE -ACTIVE AGENTS 



195 



TABLE 3. — Surface- active agents: Directory of manufacturers, 1970 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 



[Names of manufacturers of surface-active agents that reported production or sales to the U.S. Tariff Commission for 
1970 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



Code 




Code 




identi- 


Name of company 


identi- 


Name of company 


fication 




fication 




AAC 


Alcolac Chemical Corp. 


EGG 


Eastern Color 6 Chemical Co. 


ACE 


Acme Chemical Co. 


EFH 


E. F. Houghton § Co. 


ACS 


Allied Chemical Corp., Specialty Chemicals 


EKT 


Eastman Kodak Co., Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 




Div. 


EMK 


Eipkay Chemical Go. 


ACT 


Arthur C. Trask Co. 


EMR 


Emery Industries, Inc. 


ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. 


ENO 


Enenco, Inc. 


AES 


Amerace-Esna Corp., Chemical Specialties 

Div. 
Armour-Dial, Inc. 


ESS 


Essential Chemicals Corp. 


AGP 


FIN 


Fine Organics, Inc. 


AKS 


Arkansas Co . , Inc . 






AML 


Amalgamated Chemical Corp. 


GAP 


GAF Corp . : 


APD 


Atlas Chemical Industries, Inc. 




Chemical Div. 


APX 


Apex Chemical Co., Inc. 




Textile Chemical Div. 


ARC 


Armour S Co., Armour Industrial Chemical 


GLD 


SCM Corp., Glidden-Durkee Div. 




Go. 


GLY 


Glyco Chemicals, Inc. 


ARD 


Ardmore Chemical Co. 


GNM 


General Mills Chemicals, Inc. 


ARL 


Arol Chemical Products Go. 




W.R. Grace 5 Co.: 


ASH 


Ashland Oil, Inc., Ashland Chemical Co. Div. 


GRG 


Dubois Chemicals Div. 


ASY 


American Synthetic Rubber Corp. 


GRD 


Polymer 6 Chemicals Div. 


ATR 


Atlantic Richfield Co., ARCO Chemical Co. 


GRL 


Vestal Laboratories Div. 




Div. 


GRO 


Millmaster Onyx Corp., A. Gross 5 Go. Div. 






GYR 


Goodyear Tire S Rubber Co. 


BAO 


Bayoil Co. , Inc. 






BLA 


Astor Products, Inc., Blue Arrow Div. 


HAL 


G. P. Hall Co. of Illinois 


BLS 


Beech-nut, Inc. 


HDG 


Hodag Chemical Corp. 


BRD 


Baird Chemical Industries, Inc. 


HEW 


Hewitt Soap Co. 


BSW 


Original Bradford Soap Works, Inc. 


HK 


Hooker Chemical Corp. 






HLI 


Haag Laboratories, Inc. 


CCA § 


Cincinnati Melacron Chemicals, Inc. 


HMP 


W. R. Grace § Co.. Hampshire Chemical Div. 


CCW 




HNT 


Huntington Laboratories, Inc. 


CCL 


A. E. Staley Manufacturing Co., Charlotte 


HPC 


Hercules, Inc. 




Chemicals Labs., Textile Div. 


HRT 


Hart Products Corp. 


CGY 


Ciba-Geigy Corp. : 

Giba Pharmaceutical Go. 


HUM 


Krafto Corp., Humko Products Div. 


CHL 


Ghemol, Inc. 


IGI 


ICI America, Inc. 


CHP 


C. H. Patrick § Co., Inc. 






CLD 


Colloids, Inc. 


JCG 


Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc. 


CLl 


Glintwood Chemical Co. 


JOR 


Jordan Chemical Co. 


CLY 


W. A. Cleary Corp. 


JRG 


Andrew Jergens Co. 


CO 


Continental Oil Go. 






COM 


Commercial Solvents Corp. 


KAL 


Kali Manufacturing Co. 


CON 


Concord Chemical Co., Inc. 


KNG 


Far-Best Corp., 0. L. King Div. 


CP 


Colgate-Palmolive Go. 


KNP 


Knapp Products, Inc. 


CPP 


Charmin Paper Products Co. 






CRD 


Croda, Inc. 


LAK 


Lakeway Chemical Co. 


CRT 


Crest Chemical Corp. 


LEA 


Leatex Chemical Co. 


CRZ 


Grown Zellerbach Corp., Chemical Products 


LEV 


Lever Brothers Go . 




Div. 


LIL 


Eli Lilly § Go. 


GST 


Charles S. Tanner Co. 


LKY 


Lake State Div. of St. Regis Paper Co. 


CTL 


Continental Chemical Co. 


LMI 


North American Chemical Co. 


CTN 


Ghemetron Corp., Organic Chemical Div. 


LUR 


Laurel Products Corp. 


cue 


Air Reduction Co., Inc., Chemical § 








Plastics Div. 


MAL 


Mallinckrodt Chemical Works 


CWP 


Consolidated Papers, Inc. 


MAR 


American Can Co. 






MCP 


Moretex Chemical Products, Inc. 


DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. 


MIR 


Miranol Chemical Co., Inc. 


DAN 


Dan River Mills, Inc. 


MOA 


Mona Industries, Inc. 


DCP 


Dixie Chemical Products, Inc. 


MON 


Monsanto Go. 


DEP 


DePaul Chemical Co., Inc. 


MRA 


Crown-Metro, Inc. 


DEX 


Dexter Chemical Corp. 


MRD 


Marden-Wild Corp. 


DOW 


Dow Chemical Go. 


MRT 


Morton Chemical Co. 


DRW 


Drew Chemical Corp. 


MRV 


Marlowe-Van Loan Corp. 


DSO 


DeSoto, Inc. 


MYW 


Stepan Chemical Co., Maywood Div. 


DUP 


E . I . duPont de Nemours 6 Co . , Inc . 






DYS 


Davies- Young Co. 







196 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 
TABLE 3. --Surface-active agents: Directory of manufacturers, 1970— Continued 



Name of company 



Code 
identi- 
fication 



Name of company 



Nostrip Chemical Works, Inc. 

Nease Chemical Co., Inc. 

Nalco Chemical Co. 

National Milling 8 Chemical Co., Inc. 

Safeway Stores, Inc., Brookside Div. 

National Lead Co. 

Northwestern Chemical Co. 

Olin Corp. 

Millmaster Onyx Corp., Onyx Chemical Co. 

Chevron Chemical Co. 

Proctor Chemical Co., Inc. 

Peerless Chemical Co. 

Pioneer Chemical Works, Inc. 

Emery Industries, Inc. 

Peck's Products Co. 

Pfizer, Inc. 

Procter 5 Gamble Co. 

Pilot Chemical Co. 

Plex Chemical Corp. 

Murphy-Phoenix Co. 

Purex Corp. , Ltd. 

Georgia-Pacific Corp., Bellingham Div. 

Puritan Chemical Co. 

Quaker Chemical Corp. 

ITT Rayonier, Inc. 

Roberts Chemical Div. of Security 

Chemicals, Inc. 
Richardson Co. 
Rohm & Haas Co. 
Robeco Chemicals, Inc. 
Millmaster Or.yxCorp., Refined-Onyx 

Div. 
Ritter Chemical Co., Inc. 
Retzloff Chemical Co. 

SandoZjInc, Sandoz Colors S Chemical 

Div. 
Scher Bros. , Inc. 
Sugar Beet Products Co. 
Scholler Bros., Inc. 
Standard Chemical Products, Inc. 
Sucrist Corp. 
Martin-Marietta Corp., Southern 

Dyestuff Co. Div. 
Sterling Drug, Inc. : 

Hilton-Davis Chemical Co. Div. 

Winthrop Laboratories Div. 
Seaboard Chemicals, Inc. 
Seydel-Woolley 8 Co. 
Stauffer Chemical Co., Specialty 

Chemical Div. 
Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. 

Div. 



SHP 
SID 
SLC 
SLM 
SMC 
SNC 
SNW 
SOC 

SOP 
SOS 
SPA 
STC 
STP 
SUG 
SWT 

TCC 
TCH 
TCI 
TEN 
TMH 
TNA 
TNI 
TRC 
TXC 
TXN 
TXT 

UCC 
UDI 
UNN 
UNP 
USR 
UVC 

VAC 
VAL 
VND 
VPC 

WAW 
WAY 

WBG 
WHI 
WHW 
WIC 



WON 
WSN 
WTC 
WVA 



Shepherd Chemical Co. 
George F. Siddall Co., Inc. 
Soluol Chemical Co., Inc. 
Salem Oil § Grease Co. 
Stamford Chemical Industries, Inc. 
Sonoco Products Co. 
Sun Chemical Corp., Chemicals Div. 
Standard Oil Co. of California, 
Chevron Chemical Co. 

Southern Chemical Products Co. 

Southern Sizing Co. 

Scott Paper Co. 

Sou-Tex Chemical Co., Inc. 

Stepan Chemical Co. 

Colonial Sugars Co.^Sucro Chemical Div. 

Swift 5 Co., Swift Chemical Co. Div. 

Tanatex Chemical Corp. 

Try Ion Chemical Corp. 

Texize Chemicals, Inc. 

Cities Service Co., Copperhill Operations 

Thompson-Hayward Chemical Co. 

Ethyl Corp. 

Gillette Chemical Co. Div. of Gillette Co. 

Toms River Chemical Corp. 

Tex Chem Co. 

Textilana-Nease, Inc. 

Textilana Corp. 

Union Carbide Corp. 
Petrochemicals Co., Inc. 
United Chemical Corp. of Norwood 
United Chemical Products Corp. 
Uniroyal, Inc., Chemical Div. 
Universal Chemicals Corp. 

Northern Petrochemical Co. 

Valchem 

Van Dyk § Co. , Inc. 

Verona Corp. 

W. A. Wood Co. 

Philip A. Hunt Chemical Corp., Wayland 

Chemical Div. 
White 6 Bagley Co. 
White 5 Hodges, Inc. 
Whittemore-Wright Co., Inc. 
Wica Chemicals, Inc. 
Wilson Pharmaceutical S Chemical Corp., 

Wilson-Martin Div. 
Woonsocket Color § Chemical Co. 
Mallinckrodt Chemical Works, Washine Div. 
Witco Chemical Co., Inc. 
Westvaco Corp., Chemicals Div., Polychemicals 

Dept. 
BASF-Wyandotte Chemicals Corp. 



Note. --For complete 



3S and addresees of the above reporting companies, refer to table 1 in the Appendix. 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS 197 



Pesticides and related products include fungicides, herbicides, 
insecticides, rodenticides, and related products such as plant hormones, 
seed disinfectants, soil conditioners, soil fumigants and synergists. 
The data are given in terms of 100-percent active material; they thus 
exclude such materials as diluents, emulsifiers, and wetting agents. 

U.S. production of pesticides and related products in 1970 amounted 
to 1,034 million pounds--6.4 percent less than the 1,104 million pounds 
reported for 1969 (table 1)^. Sales in 1970 were 881 million pounds, 
valued at $870 million, compared with 929 million pounds, valued at $851 
million, in 1969. 

The output of cyclic pesticides and related products amounted to 
727 million pounds in 1970--about 11.3 percent less than the 819 mil- 
lion poimds produced in 1969. Sales in 1970 were 602 million pounds, 
valued at $702 million, compared with 666 million pounds, valued at 
$697 million, in 1969. The output of DDT amounted to 59 million pounds 
in 1970--the lowest since 1949. Production of acyclic pesticides and 
related products, increased in 1970 amounting to 307 million pounds, 
compared with the 285 million pounds reported for 1969. Sales in 1970 
were 279 million pounds an increase of about 6.3 percent as compared 
with 263 million pounds in 1969; the value of sales increased to $169 
million in 1970, compared with $154 million in 1969--a gain of 9.6 per- 
cent. 



See also table 2 which lists these products and identifies the 
manufacturers by code. These codes are given in table 3. 



198 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 1. — Pesticides and related products: U.S. production and sales , 1970 

[Listed below are all pesticides and related products for which any reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no 
data were reported.) Table 2 lists all pesticides and related products for which data on production or sales were 
reported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



Quantity 



Grand total 

Benzenoid 

Nonbenzenoid 

PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, CYCLIC 

Total 

Fungicides, total 

3,S-Dimethyl-l,3,5-2H-tetrahydrothiadiazine-2-thione (DMTT)--- 

Mercury fungicides, total 

Phenylmercuric acetate (PMA) 

Other mercury fungicides 

Naphthenic acid, copper salt 

Pentachlorophenol (PCP) 

8-Quinolinol (8-Hydroxyquinoline) , copper salt 

All other cyclic fungicides^ 

Herbicides and plant hormones, total 

l,2-Dihydropyridazine-3,6-dione (Maleic hydrazide) (MH) 

Phenoxyacetic acid derivatives : 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid esters and salts, total 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, n-butyl ester 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, sec-butyl ester 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, dimethylamine salt 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, iso-octyl ester 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, isopropyl ester 

All other (2,4-D) esters and salts 

2,4,S-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, esters, and salts, total- 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, iso-octyl ester 

All other C2,4,S7T) esters and salts 

2-(2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy)propionic acid (Silvex), and esters- 
All other cyclic herbicides and plant hormones' 

Insecticides and rodenticides, total 

Aldrin-toxaphene group'' 

a-Bis (p-chlorophenyl)-B,6,6-trichloroethane (DDT) 

Organophosphorus insecticides, total 

0,0-Diethyl O-p-nitrophenyl phosphorothioate (Parathion) 

0,0-Dimethyl O-p-nitrophenyl phosphorothioate (Methyl 

parathion) 

All other organophosphorus insecticides^ 

All other insecticides and rodenticides^ 

PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Fungicides , total 

Dithiocarbamic acid salts' 

All other acyclic fungicides' 

Herbicides and plant hormones, total 

Methanearsonic acid salts^ 

All other acyclic herbicides '° 



1,000 
pounds 



1.034.075 



579,414 
454,661 



727,133 



95,762 



1,218 

1,571 

457 

1,114 

1,730 

47,170 

71 

44,002 



3,271 
43,576- 

878 

6,740 

19,499 

9,989 

1,001 

12,335 
2,142 

10,193 

2,016 

231,021 



301,045 



88,641 
59,316 
77,236 
15,259 

41,353 
20,624 
75,852 



506,942 



44,397 



39,381 
5,016 



73,458 



30,454 
43,004 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



497,365 
383,549 



601,755 



513,087 
357,227 



701,558 



1,117 


631 


1,625 


5,902 


301 


2,003 


1,324 


3,899 


1,795 


529 


45,832 


6,371 


68 


120 


33,028 


25,470 



246,534 



449,026 



3,096 

15,783 

43,917 
1,454 
3,931 

19,480 
7,387 
1,078 

10,587 
7,214 

7,214 

1,407 

175,117 

271,756 



5,247 

4,136 
13,140 

479 
1,023 
5,350 
2,474 

324 
3,490 
5,347 

5,347 

1,474 

419,682 

213,509 



84,225 
34,019 
75,055 
15,504 

39,869 
19,682 
78,457 



43,159 
5,351 

78,204 
7,672 

19,173 
51,359 
86,795 



40,013 
5,381 



18,998 
7,157 



24,521 
37,057 



8,028 
40,900 



See footnotes at end of table. 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS 
TABLE 1.-- Pesticides and related products: U.S. production and sales, 1970— Continued 



199 



Production 



Quantity 



Unit 
value' 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

Insecticides, rodenticides, and soil conditioners and 

fumigants, total 

Methyl bromide (Bromoethane) 

Organophosphorus insecticides 

All other acyclic insecticides (including sales of acyclic 
organophosphorus insecticides), rodenticides, and soil 
conditioners and fumigants'^ '^ 



1,000 
pounds 



189,087 



1,000 



1,000 
dollars 



Per 
■pound 



21,047 
55,260 



112,780 



21,790 



150,397 



8,764 



84,909 



.56 



' Calculated from rounded figures . 

^ Includes benomyl, captafol, captan, dinocap, folpet, pentachloronitrobenzene, sodium pentachlorophenate, tri- 
and tetra-chlOTophenols, (including 2,4,5-trichlorophenol and its salts) and others. 

' Includes acetanilide compounds, amiben esters and salts, barban, benefin, bensulide, other 2,4-D esters and 
salts (production only), dicaniba, dimethylurea compounds, dinitrophenol compounds, endothal, isopropyl phenylcarbamates 
(IPC and CIPC), MCPA, mollinate, NPA, picloram, propanil, triazines, trifluralin, uracils, and others. 

"* Includes aldrin, chlordan, dieldrin, endrin, heptachlor, and toxaphene. 

Includes azinphosmethyl, carbophenothion, coumaphos, diazinon, dioxathion, fensulfothion, ronnel, and other 



phosphorothioates and phosphorodithioates, and others. 
Includes carbofuran, chlorobenzilate 



late, dicofol, endosulfan, methoxychlor , and other chlorinated insecticides, 
carbaryl, insect attractants, DEET and other insect repellents, lindane, small amounts of rodenticides, piperonyl 
butoxide and other synergists , and others . 

' Includes ferbam, maneb, metham, nabam, and zineb, plus the remaining dithiocarbamates which are used chiefly as 
pesticides . 

' Includes dodine, mercury compounds, PETD, and others. 

' Includes the mono- and di-sodium salts, and the dodecyl- and octyl-ammonium salts of methanearsonic acid. 
'" Includes cacodylic acid, CDAA, dalapon, thiocarbamate, thiolcarbamate, and organophosphorus herbicides, sodium 
TCA, and others . 

'' Includes DDVP, dimethoate, disulfoton, ethion, malathion, monocrotophos , naled, phorate, and other organophos- 
phorus insecticides. Sales are included in the data for all other acyclic insecticides. 

'^ Includes DBCP, soil conditioners and fumigants, metaldehyde (which is a molluscicide) , small quantities of 
rodenticides, and others. 

' Sales of acyclic organophosphorus insecticides are included with "All other acyclic insecticides" in order to 
establish an all other acyclic insecticide total without disclosing the operations of individual companies. 

Note. --In order to expedite the release of this report, it was necessary to estimate the data for two small pest- 
icide producers and to partially estimate the data for one large producer. Therefore, minor revisions may be nec- 
essary for the 1970 final report. 



200 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. --Pesticides and related products for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 

[Pesticides and related products for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked below with an 
asterisk (*); chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in 
confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 3] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, CYCLIC 

♦Fungicides : 

2-Benzothiazolethiol , zinc salt 

2, 6 -Bis (dime thy laminomethyl)cyclohexanone 

2' -Bromo-4' -hydroxy acetophenone 

5-Chloro-2-benzothiazolethiol, laurylpyridinium salt — 

Cyanomethylthiobenzothiozole 

2,4-Dichloro-6- (o-chloroanilino)-s-triazine 

l,4-Dichloro-2,5-dimethoxybenzene (Chloroneb) 

2,6-Dichloro-4-nitroaniline (DCNA) 

*3,S-Diraethyl-l,3,5,2H-tetrahydrothiadiazine-2-thione 

(DMTT) 

Diphenyl ammonium propionate 

2-Heptadecy 1-2 -imidazoline (Glyodin) 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, monoethanolamine salt 

*Mercury fungicides: 

N- (Ethylmercuri)-p-toluene sulfonanilide 

Hydroxymercur i ch loropheno 1 

Methylmercury quino lino late 

2- (Phenylmercuriamino)ethyl acetate 

*Phenylmercuric acetate (PMA) 

Phenylmercuric ammonium acetate 

Phenylmer curie dimethyldithiocarbamate 

Phenylmercuric hydroxide . 

Phenylmercuric lactate 

Phenylmercuric naphthonate 

Phenylmercuric oleate 

Pheny Imercur i c propionate 

Tris (2-hydroxyethyl) (phenylmercuri) ammonium lactate-- 

All other mercury fungicides 

Methyl -N-benzimidazol-2-yl-N-(butylcarbonioyl J car- 
bamate (Benomyl) 

2- (l-Methyl-n-heptyl)-4,6-dinitrophenyl crotonate 

(Dinocap) 

3- (2-Methylpiperidino)propyl-3,4-dichlorobenzoate 

(Piperalin) 

*Naphthenic acid, copper salt 

Pentachloronitrobenzene (PCNB) 

* Pent ach loropheno 1 (PCP) 

Pentach loropheno 1, sodium salt 

*8-Quinolinol (8-Hydroxyquinoline) , copper salt 

N-(l ,1 ,2,2-Tetrachloro-ethylsulfenyl)-cis-A-4-cyclo- 

hexene-l,2-dicarboximide (Captafol) 

2,4,5,6-TetrachloroisophthD-lonitrile 

2,3,4,6-Tetrachlorophenol 

N-Trichloromethylthio-4-cyclohexene-l ,2-dicarboximide 

(Captan) 

N-Trichloromethylthiophthalimide (Folpet) 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenol acid and salts: 

2 , 4 , 5-Tri ch loropheno 1 

2,4,S-Trichlorophenol, ethanolamine salt 

2,4,S-Trichlorophenol, sodium salt 

2, 4, 6-Trich loropheno 1 

'Herbicides and plant hormones: 

4-Amino-3,S,6-trichloropicolinic acid (Picloram) 

5-Bromo-3-sec-butyl-6-methyluracil (Bromacil) 

3-tert-Butyl-5-chloro-6-methyluracil 

N-Butyl-N-ethyl-a,a,a-trif luoro-2,6-dinitro-p-toluidine 

(Benefin) 

2-Butynyl-4-chloro-m-chlorocarbanilate (Barban) 

2-Chloro-4,6-bis(ethylamino)-s-triazine (Simazine) 

2-Chloro-4,6-bis (isopropylamino)-s-triazine (Propazine) 



VNC. 
MRK. 
BKM. 
VNC. 
BKM. 
CHG. 
DUP. 
UPJ. 

MRK, OTC, SF, WRC. 

MRK. 

UCC. 

VNC. 



DUP. 
DUP. 
MRK. 
CLY. 
BKM, 
MAL, 
WRC. 
MRK. 
MRK, 
MRK. 
CLY, 
MRK. 
CLY. 
MAL. 



CLY, MRK, TRO, WRC. 
TRO. 



UCC. 

HNX, TRO, IVRC. 



DUP. 

RH. 

LIL. 

CCA, PER, HNX, MCI, SHP , TRO, WTC. 

OMC, 

DOW, FRO, MON, RCI, SFD. 

DOW, MON, RCI. 

FIS, HNX, MRK. 

ORG. 

DA. 

DOW. 



SF. 

DOW, HK, HPC. 

GAF. 

DOW. 

DOW. 

DOW. 
DUP. 
DUP. 

LIL. 
GOC. 
CGY. 
CGY. 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS 



201 



TABLE 2.- 



- Pesticides and related products for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, CYCLIC--Continued 

*Herbicides and plant hormones --Continued 

2-Chloro-2 ' ,6 ' -diethyl-N- Cra-butoxymethy 1) acetanilide 

2-Chloro-2' ,6 '-diethyl-N- (methoxymethylj acetanilide 

(Alachlor) 

2-Chloro-4-ethylainino-6-isopropylainino-s-triazine 

CAtrazine) 

2-Chloro-N-isopropyl acetanilide (Propachlor) 

N'-(4-Chlorophenoxy)phenyl N,N-diinethylurea 

(Chloroxuron) 

3-Cp-Chlorophenyl3-l,l-dimethylurea (Monuron) 

3-{p-Chlorophenyl)-l,l-diiiiethylurea trichloroacetate 

3-Cyclohexyl-5,6-trimethyleneuracil 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-tolylmethylcarbamate 

2,S-Dichloro-3-ajninobenzoic acid, ammonium salt 

2,5-Dichloro-3-aminobenzoic acid, iminodi-2,2 '_ 

ethanol 

2,5-Dichloro-3-aminobenzoic acid, methyl ester 

3,6-Dichloro-2-anisic acid (Dicamba) 

2,4-Dichlorobenzyltributylphosphonium chloride 

2,5-Dichloro-3-nitrobenzoic acid 

2,5-Dichloro-3-nitrobenzoic acid, ammonium hydroxide 

2,5-Dichloro-3-nitrobenzoic acid, ethyl ester 

2,5-Dichloro-3-nitrobenzoic acid, methylainine salt 

3- (3,4-Dichlorophenyl)-l ,1-dimethylurea (Diuron) 

3- (3,4-Dichlorophenyl5 -1-methoxy-l-methylurea (Linuron} 

2,4-Dichlorophenyl-4-nitrophenyl ether 

3' ,4'-Dichloropropionanilide (Propanil) 

*l,2-Dihydropyridazine-3,6-dione (Maleic hydrazide) (MH) 
N- (beta-0,0-Diisopropyl-dithiophosphorylethyl) -benzene 

sulfonamide CBensulide) 

N,N-Dimethyl-2,2-diphenylacetamide (Diphenamid) 

l,l-Dimethyl-3-phenylurea (Fenuron) 

Dimethyl-2,3,5,6-tetrachloroterephthalate (DCPA) 

Dinitrobutylphenol (DNBP) 

Dinitrobutylphenol, ammonium salt 

Dinitrobutyl phenol, triethanolamine salt 

Dinitrocresol, sodium salt 

2,4' -Dinitro-4-trif luoromethyl-diphenyl ether 

(Fluorodifen)-T 

2-Ethylamino-4-isopropylaniino-6-methylmercapto-s- 

triazine (Aroetryne) 

S-Ethyl cyclohexylethylthiocarbamate 

S-Ethyl hexahydro-lH-azepine-1-carbothioate (Molinate)- 

Gibberellic acid 

3-(Hexahydro-4,7-methanoindan-5-yl5-l,l-dimethylurea 

CNoreaJ 

3-Indolebutyric acid 

Isopropyl N- (3-chlorophenyl3 carbamate (CIPC) 

Isopropyl N-phenylcarbamate CIPC) 

1- C2-Methylcyclohexyl)-3-phenylurea (Siduron) 

2-Methylmercapto-4,6-bis (isopropylamino)-s-triazine 

(Prometryne) 

■4-CMethylsulfonyl)-2,6-dinitro-N,N-dipropylaniline 

(Nitralin) 

1-Naphthaieneacetic acid and derivatives : 

1-Naphthaleneacet amide 

1-Naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) 

1-Naphthaleneacetic acid, sodium salt 

N-1-Naphthylphthalamic acid (NPA) 

7-Oxabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane-2,3-dicarboxylic acid, di- 

sodium salt CEndothall^ 

Phenoxyacetic acid derivatives: 

4-Chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid (MCPA) 

4-Chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid, potassium salt — 
*2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D] 



CGY. 
MON. 

CGY. 
DUP. 
ACN. 
DUP. 
HPC. 
AMC, GAP. 

GAP. 

GAP. 

VEL. 

SM. 

GAP. 

GAP. 

GAP. 

GAP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

RH. 

MON, RH. 

ACY, ASL, CHP, PMT, USR. 

SP. 

ARA, CWN, UPJ. 

DUP. 

DA. 

DOW, PMN. 

DOW, PMN. 

DOW, PMN. 

PMN. 

CGY. 



SP. 

ABB, MRK. 

HPC. 
ARA. 
PPG. 
PPG. 
DUP. 

CGY. 

SHC. 

AMC. 

AMC, THM. 
AMC, BKL. 
USR. 

PAS. 

CLY, RDA. 

GTH. 

DOW, HPC, MON, RDA. 



302 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. — Pesticides and related products for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, CYCLIC- -Continued 

*Herbicides and plant hormones — Continued 
Phenoxyacetic acid derivatives--Continued 
*2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid esters and salts: 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 2-butoxyethyl ester 
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, butoxyrjolypropylene' 

glycol ester 

*2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, n-butyl ester 

*2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, sec-butyl ester 

*2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, dimethylamine salt- 
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, ethanolamine and 

isoprop and amine salt 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, ethyl ester 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 2-ethylhexyl ester- 

*2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, iso-octyl ester 

*2 ,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, isopropyl ester 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, lithium salt 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, sodium salt 

*2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T3 

*2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid esters and salts: 

2,4,S-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, amyl esters 

2,4,S-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 2-butoxyethyl 

ester 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, butoxypoly- 

propyleneglycol ester 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, n-butyl ester 

2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, sec-butyl ester- 
2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 2-ethylhexyl 

ester 

*2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, iso-octyl ester- 
2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, triethylamine 

salt 

Polychloro-tetrahydro-methanoindene CPolychlorodicyclo- 

pentadiene) isomers 

•2-(2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy)propionic acid (Silvex^ 

*2- (2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy)propionic acid esters and 
salts: 
2-(2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy)propionic acid, 2-ethyl- 
hexyl ester 

2-(2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy5propionic acid isooctyl 

ester 

a,a,a-Trif luoro-2 ,6-dinitro-N,N-dipropyl-p-toluidine 

(Trifluralin) 

3-Cm-Trif luoromethylphenyl)-l,l-dimethylurea 

(Fluometuron) 

Tris- (2,4-dichlorophenoxyethyl)phosphite (2,4-DEP) 

Insect attractants and repel lants: 

tert-Butyl 4 (or 5)-chloro-2-methylcyclohexanecarboxy- 

late (Trimedlure) 

N,N-Diethyltoluamide (DEET) 

Di-n-propyl isocinchomeronate 

*Insecticides : 

3-sec-Amylphenyl-N-methylcarbamate (m-(l-Methylbutyl)- 

phenyl methyl carbamate) 

Bacillus thuringiensis 

2-sec-Butyl-4,6-dinitrophenyl 3,3-dimethylacrylate 

(Binapacryl) 

2- (p-tert-Butylphenoxy)cyclohexyl-2 ' -propynyl sulfite-- 
Chlorinated insecticides: 
*Aldrin-toxaphene group: 

Heptachloro-tetrahydro-endo-methanoindene 

(Heptachlor) 

Hexachloro-epoxy-octahydro-endo-endo-dimethano- 

naphthalene (Endrin) 

Hexachloro-epoxy-octahydro-endo-oxo-diraethano- 
naphthalene (Dieldrin) 



AMC, 


DOW, 


RIV. 










DOW. 














AMC, 


HPC, 


MON, 


PBI, 


RIV, 






DOW, 


MON, 


RDA. 










AMC, 


DOW, 


HPC, 


PBI, 


RDA, 


RIV, 


TWH 


DOW. 














AMC. 














HPC. 














AMC, 


DOW, 


MON, 


PBI, 


RDA, 


RIV. 


TMH 


AMC, 


DOW, 


HPC, 


MON, 


RIV. 






GTH. 














DOW. 














DOW, 


HPC, 


MON. 










HPC. 














AMC, 


DOW. 












DOW. 














HPC, 


MON, 


PBI, 


RIV. 








DOW. 














HPC. 














DOW, 


MON, 


PBI, 


RIV, 


TMH. 







DOW, HPC, RIV. 



VEL. 
DOW, 



HPC, TMH. 



HPC. 

RIV. 

LIL. 

CGY. 
USR. 



UOP. 

HPC, PFZ. 
MGK. 



ORO, OTC. 
ABB. 



FMN . 
USR. 



VEL. 
VEL. 
SHC. 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS 



203 



TABLE 2. — Pesticides and related products for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970-- Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
Caccordlng to list in table 3) 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS. CYCLIC--Continued 

'Insecticides — Continued 

Chlorinated insecticides --Continued 
*Aldrin-toxaphene group- -Continued 

Hexachloro-hexahydro-endo-exo-diraethanonaphthalene 

(Aldrin) 

Oct ach loro-hexahydro-methanoindene (Chlordan) 

Toxaphene (Chlorinated camphene) 

2,2-Bis(p-chlorophenyl)-l,l-dichloroethane (DDD) CTDE) 

1,1- Bis Cp-chlorophenyl)-2-nitrobutane 

1,1 -Bis (p-chlorophenyl)-2-nitropropane 

*a-Bis(p-chlorophenyl)-6,6,S-trichloroethane (DDT) 

2- {p-teTt-Butylphenoxy)i'sopropyl-2 '-chloroethyl 

sulfite 

p-Chlorophenyl 2,4,5-trichlorophenyl sulfone 

(Tetradifoh;i 

Decachlorooctahydro-l,3,4-metheno-2H-cyclobuta[cd]- 

pentalene-2-one 

l,l-Dichloro-2,2-bis(p-ethylphenyl5ethane 

4,4'-Dichloro-a-trichloroinethylbenzhydrol (Dicofol) 

2,6-Dimethyl-3,5-dichloro-4-pyridinol 

Dodecachlorooctahydro-1 ,3,4-metheno-2H-cyclobuta[cd]- 

pentalene (Mirex) 

Ethyl 4,4'-dichlorobenzilate (Chlorobenzilate) 

Hexachlorocyclohexane (Benzene hexachloride) (BHC) 

Hexachlorocyclohexane, 100% ■y-isomer (Lindane) 

L^Hexachloro-hexahydro-methano-benzodioxathiepin 

3-oxide (Endosulfan) 

Isopropyl 4,4'-dichlorobenzilate (Chloropropylate) 

1,1,1 -Tr ich loro-2 , 2 -bi s (p-raethoxypheny 1 ) ethane 

(Methoxy ch lor) 

2,3-Dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranyl me thy 1- 

carbamate (Carbofuran) 

m- (l-Ethylpropyl)phenyl methylcarbaniate 

Isobomyl thiocyanoacetate 

0-Isopropylphenyl N-methylcarbamate 

1-Naphthyl N-raethylcarbamate (Carbaryl) 

*Organophosphorus insecticides : 

4-tert-Butyl-2-chlorophenylmethyl methylphos- 

phoramidite fCruf ornate) 

S-[[ (p-Chlorophenyl)thio]methyl] 0,0-diethyl phosphoro 

dithioate (Carbophenothion) 

2-Chloro-l-(2,4,5-trichlorophenyl)vinyldiinethyl 

phosphate 

0,0-Diethyl 0-3-chloro-4-methyl-l-oxo-2H-l-benzopyran- 

7-yl-phosphorothioate (Coumaphos) 

0,0-Diethyl 0- (2-isopropyl-4-methyl-6-pyrimidinyl) 

phosphorothioate (Diazinon) 

0,0-Diethyl 0-p-(methylsulfinyl)phenyl phosphoro- 
thioate (Fensulfothion) 

*0,0-Diethyl 0-p-nitrophenyl phosphorothioate 

(Parathion) 

0,0-Diethyl 0-3,5,6-trichloro-2 pyridyl phosphoro- 
thioate 

0,0-Dimethyl 0-[4- (methylthio)-ni-tolyl] phosphoro- 
thioate (Fenthion) 

*0,0-Dimethyl 0-p-nitrophenyl phosphorothioate (Methyl 

parathion) 

0,0-Dimethyl S-[4-oxo-l,2,3-benzotriazin-3(4H)- 

ylmethyl] phosphorodithioate (Azinphosmethyl) 

0,0-Dimethyl S-phthalimidomethyl phosphorodithioate 

Dimethyl 2,4,5-trichlorophenyl phosphorothionate 

(Ronnel) 

2,3-p-Dioxane S,S-bis(0,0-diethylphosphorodithioate) 

(Dioxathion) 

a-Methylbenzyl 3- (dimethoxyphosphinyloxy)-cis- 

crotonate 

0,0,0' ,0'-Tetramethyl O,0'-thiodi-p-phenylene phos- 
phorothioate 



SHC. 

VEL. 

HN, HPC, SFD. 

ACN, RH. 

COM. 

COM. 

ACN, DA, LEB, MTO, OMC . 

USR. 

FMN, FMP. 

ACN. 
RH. 
RH. 
DOW. 

ACN. 
CGY. 



CGY. 

CHF, DUP, NES. 

FMN. 
ORO. 
HPC. 
OTC. 
UCC. 

DOW. 

SF. 

SHC. 

CHG. 

CGY. 

CHG. 

AMP, MON, SF, SHC. 

DOW. 

CHG. 

AMP, MON, SF, SHC, VEL. 

CHG. 
SF. 

DOW. 

HPC. 

SHC. 

ACY. 



204 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. --Pesticides and related products for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970-- Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, CYCLIC--Continued 

* Insecticides --Continued 

N-(Pheny 1-2 -nitropropyl) piper idine 

m-Tolyl-N-methyl carbamate 

Nematocides : 

0,0-Diethyl 0- (2,4-dichlorophenyl) phosphorothioate 

(Dichlofenthion) 

0,0-Diethyl 0-2-pyrazinyl phosphorothioate (Thionazin) — 
*Rodenticides : 

3- (a-Acetonylben2yl)-4-hydroxycoumarin (Warfarin) 

2-Diphenylacetyl-l ,3-indandione (Diphacinone) 

S- (a-Hydroxy-a-2-pyridylbenzyl) -7- (a-2-pyridylbenzyl- 

idene)-4-norbomene-2,3-dicarboxiiiiide (Norbormide) 

2-Pivaloyl-l,3-indandione (Pindone) 

Synergists and adjuvants: 

a- [2- (2-ra-Butoxyethoxy)ethoxy]-4,5-methylenedioxy-2- 

propyltoluene (Piperonyl butoxide) 

N- C2-Ethylhexyl)-5-norbornene-2,3-dicarboximide 

l,2-Methylenedioxy-4-[2-octylsulfinyl)propyl] benzene 

Piperonal bis [2- (2 '-n-butoxyethoxy)ethyl]acetal 

(Heliotropin acetal) 

PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, ACYCLIC 

*Fungicides : 

2-Aininobutane carbonate 

Bis-l,4-bromoacetoxy-2-butene 

Cadmium succinate 

l-Chloro-2-nitropropane (Korax) 

Dimethylthiocarbonyl disulfide 

Di sodium cyanodithioimidocarbonate 

*Dithiocarbamic acid fungicides: 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, ferric salt (Ferbam) 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, manganese salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, potassium salt 

Ethylene bis (dithiocarbaraic acid), diammonium salt 

Ethylene bis (dithiocarbaraic acid) , disodium salt 

(Nab am) 

Ethylene bis (dithiocarbamic acid), manganese salt 

(Maneb) 

Ethylene bis (dithiocarbamic acid), zinc salt (Zineb) — 

N-Methyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt (SMDC) 

n-Dodecylguanidine acetate (Dodine) 

2-Hydroxypropylmethanethio sulfonate 

Mercury fungicides : 

Chloromethoxypropylmercuric acetate 

3-Methy 1 - (mercuri thi o) - 1 , 2 -propanedio 1 

Methy Imercur i c hydroxide 

Polyethylenethiuram disulfide (PETD) 

'Herbicides and plant hormones: 

2-Chloroallyl diethyldithiocarbamate (CDEC) 

2-Chloro-N,N-diallyacetaraide (CDAA) 

S-2,3-Dichloroallyl N,N-diisopropylthiol carbamate 

(Dial late) 

2,2-Dichloropropionic acid, sodium salt (Dalapon) 

N-Dimethylamino succinaraic acid (DMSA) 

Dimethylarsinic acid (Cacodylic acid) 

Ethyl -N,N-diisobutyl thiol carbamate 

Ethyl N,N-dipropylthiolcarbamate (EPTC) 

Ethyl xanthogen disulfide (EXD) 

*Methanearsonic acid salts: 

Methanearsonic acid, disodium salt (DSMA) 

Methanearsonic acid, dodecyl- and octyl- ammonium salts 

Methanearsonic acid, monosodium salt (MSMA) 

S-Propyl dipropylthiocarbamate (Vernolate) 

S,S,S-Tributyl phosphorotrithioate 

Tributyl phosphorotrithioite 



MRK. 
OTC. 



MOT, PEN. 

NES. 



PM. 

MOT, PIC. 



ALP, BKL, FMN, FMP. 

MGK. 

PEN. 



LIL. 






VIN. 






MAL. 






FMN. 






CLY. 






BKM. 






DUP, 


FMN, 


VNC, WRC 


FMN. 






BKM. 






RBC. 






FMN, 


RH, 


USR. 


ALC, 


DUP 


RH. 


DUP, 


FMN 


RH. 


SF. 






ACY. 






BKM. 






TRO. 






DUP. 






MRT. 






FMN. 






MON. 






MON. 






MON. 






DOW. 






USR. 






ASL. 






SF. 






SF. 






RBC. 






ASL, 


CLY 


DA, VIN. 


CLY, 


VIN 




ASL, 


DA. 





PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS 



205 



TABLE 2. 



--Pesticides and related products for which U. S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS, ACYCLIC- -Continued 

♦Herbicides and plant hormones — Continued 

Trichloroacetic acid, sodium salt (TCA) 

S-2,3,-Trichloroallyl N,N-diisopropylthiolcarbamate 

(Tri-allate) 

* Insecticides : 

2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethyl thiocyanate 

Metaldehyde ' 

S-Methyl-N- [ (methylcarbamoyl)oxy]thioacetimidate 

(Methomy 1 ) 

*Organophosphorus insecticides: 

S-[1,2-Bis (ethoxycarbonyl)ethyl] 0,0-dimethyl phos- 
phor odithioate (Malathion) 

2-Carbomethoxy-l-propen-2yl dimethyl phosphate 

(Mevinphos) 

l-Chloro-diethylcarbamoyl-l-propen-2yl-dimethyl 

phosphate (Phosphamidon) 

l,2-Dibromo-2,2-dichloroethyl dimethyl phosphate 

(Naled) ^- 

0,0-Diethyl S-2- (ethylthio;) ethyl phosphorodithioate 

(Disulfoton] 

0,0-Diethyl S- Cethylthio^methyl phosphorodithioate 

CPhorate} 

3- (Dimathoxyphosphinyloxy)-N,N-dimethyl-cis- 

crotonamide CDicrotophos) 

0,0-Dimethyl 2,2-dichlorovinyl phosphate 

(Dichlervos) 

0,0-Dimethyl S-[2- (ethylsulfinyljethyllphosphoro- 
thioate (Oxydemetonmethyl^ 

0,0-Dimethyl Cl-hydroxy-2 ,2,2-t^ichloroethyl5phos- 
phonate CTrichlorfon) 

0,0-Dimethyl S- (N-methylcarbamoylmethyl) phosphoro- 
dithioate (Dimothoate] 

Dimethyl phosphate of 3-hydroxy-N-methyl-cis- 

crotonamide (Konocrotophos) 

0,0,0' ,0'-Tetraethyl S,S'-methlene bisphosphoro- 

dithioate (Ethion) 

Tetraethyl pyrophosphate CTEPP) 

Tetra-n-propyl dithiopyrophosphate 

2-Thiocyanoethyl dodecanoate 

All other 

Nematocides : 

0-Ethyl S,S-dipropyl phosphorodithioate 

2-Methyl-2 (methylthiojpropionaldehyde 0- (methylcarba- 

moyl)oxime (Aldicarb) 

*Rodenticides : Sodium f luoroacetate 

*Soil conditioners: Polyacrylonitrile, hydrolyzed, 

sodium salt 

*Soil fumigants: 

l,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 

1,3-Dichloropropene 

1,3-Dichloropropene, 1,2-dichloropropane 

♦Methyl bromide (Bromomethane) 

Trichloronitromethane (Chloropicrin) 

All other acyclic pesticides and related products 



DOW. 

MON. 

RH. 
COM. 

DUP. 

ACY. 

SHC. 

CGY, SM. 

SHC. 

CHG. 

ACY. 

SHC. 

SHC. 

CHG. 

CHG. 

ACY. 

SHC. 

FMN, FMP. 

AMP. 

SF. 

RH. 

BFG. 

SM. 

ucc. 

RBC. 

ACY. 

AMP, BST, DOW, SHC. 

DOW. 

DOW, SHC. 

AMP, DOW, GTL, MCH. 

DOW, IMC. 

GAF. 



462-669 0-72-14 



206 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 3. — Pesticides and related products: Directory of manufacturers, 1970 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of pesticides and related products manufacturers that reported production or sales to the U.S. Tariff 
Commission for 1970 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



Code 




Code 






identi- 


Name of company 


identi- 


Name of company 




fication 




fication 






ABB 


Abbott Laboratories 


MAL 


Mallinckrodt Chemical Works 




ACN 


Allied Chemical Corp., Agricultural Div. 


MCH 


Michigan Chemical Corp. 




ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. 


MCI 


Mooney Chemical Corp. 




ALC 


Alco Chemical Corp. 


MGK 


McLaughlin, Gormley 5 King Co. 




ALP 


Alpha Laboratories, Inc. 


MON 


Monsanto Co. 




AMC 


Amchem Products, Inc. 


MOT 


Motomco, Inc. 




AMP 


Kerr-McGee Corp. 


MRK 


Merck § Co. , Inc. 




ARA 


Arapahoe Chemical Div. of Syntex Corp. 


MRT 


Morton Chemical Co. 




ASL 


Ansul Chemical Co. 


MTO 


Montrose Chemical Corp. of Calif. 




BFG 


B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich 
Chemical Co. Div. 


NES 


Nease Chemical Co., Inc. 




BKL 


Millmaster Onyx Corp., Millmaster Chem- 
ical Co. Div., Berkeley Chemical Dept . 


OMC 


Olin Mathieson Chemical Corp. and 
Agricultural Div. 




BKM 


Buckman Labs . , Inc . 


ORO 


Chevron Chemical Co. 




EST 


Occidental Chemical Co. 


OTC 


Ott Chemical Co. 




CCA 
CGY 

CHF 
CHG 
CIS 
CLY 


Cincinnati Milacron Chemicals, Inc. 
Ciba-Geigy Corp. and 

Ciba Agricultural Co. 
Chemical Formulators, Inc. 
Chemagro Corp. 
Chemical Insecticide Corp. 
W. A. Cleary Corp. 


PAS 

PBI 

PEN 

PFZ 

PIC 

PM 

PPG 


Pennwalt Chemicals Corp. 

Gordon Corp. 

CPC International, Inc., Penick Div. 

Pfizer, Inc. 

Pierce Organics, Inc. 

Pitman-Moore, Inc. 

PPG Industries, Inc. 




COM 


Commercial Solvents Corp. 


RBC 


Roberts Chemicals, Div. of Security Chemical, 


CWN 


Upjohn Co., Carwin Organic Chemicals 


RCI 


Inc. 
Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 




DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. 


RDA 


Rhodia, Inc. 




DOW 


Dow Chemical ''o. 


RH 


Rohm § Haas Co. 




DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours S Co. , Inc. 


RIV 


Riverdal? Chemical Co. 




PER 


Ferro Corp., Ferro Chemical Div. 


SF 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Agricultural Div. 




PIS 


Fisher Chemical Co., Inc. 


SFD 


Sonford Chemical Co. 






FMC Corp . : 


SHC 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 




FMN 


Niagara Chemical Div. 


SHP 


Shepherd Chemical Co- 




FMP 


Organic Chemicals Div. 


SM 


Mobil Oil Corp., Mobil Chemical Co. Div. 


, 


FMr 


Fairmount Chemical Co. 




Industrial Chemical Div. 




FRO 


Vulcan Materials Co., Chemical Div. 












THM 


WM. T. Thompson Co., Thompson Chemicals 


Div. 


GAP 


GAF Corp., Chemical Div. 


TMH 


Thompson-Hayward Chemical Co. 




GOC 


Gulf Oil Corp., Gulf Oil 
Chemical Co. -United States 


TRO 


Troy Chemical Co. 




GTH 


Guth Chemical Co. 


UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 




GTL 


Great Lakes Chemical Corp. 


UOP 


Universal Oil Products Co., UOP Chemical 

Div. 
Upjohn Co. 




HK 


Hooker Chemical Corp. 


UPJ 




HN 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc.: 


USB 


U.S. Borax Research Corp. 




HNX 


Nuodex Div. 


USR 


Uniroyal, Inc., Chemical Div. 




HPC 


Hercules, Inc. 


VEL 


Velsicol Chemical Corp. 




IMC 


International Minerals & Chemical Corp. 


VIN 
VNC 


Vineland Chemical Co. 
Vanderbilt Chemical Corp. 




LEB 


Lebanon Chemical Corp. 








LIL 


Eli Lilly S Co. 


WRC 
WTC 


Wood Ridge Chemical Corp. 
Witco Chemical Co., Inc. 





For complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies, refer to table 1 in the Appendix. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 207 



The term miscellaneous chemicals comprises those synthetic organic 
products that are not included in the use groups covered by the other 
preliminary reports in the 1970 series. They include products that are 
employed in a great variety of uses. The number of chemicals used ex- 
clusively for only one purpose is not large. Among the products 
covered are those used for gasoline and lubricating oil additives, paint 
driers, photographic chemicals, tanning materials, flotation reagents, 
refrigerants, textile polymers, sequestering agents, organic fertilizers, 
antifreeze chemicals, solvents, and acyclic intermediates. Table 1 pre- 
sents statistics on U.S. production and sales of miscellaneous chemicals 
in as great detail as is possible without revealing the operations of 
individual producers . ^ 

Production of miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals in 1970 
totaled 79.3 bi?llion pounds, or 4.7 percent more than the output of 
75.7 billion pounds reported for 1969. Sales of miscellaneous chemicals 
in 1970 amounted to 36.0 billion pounds, valued at $4.1 billion, com- 
pared with 34.8 billion pounds, valued at $4.0 billion, in 1969. 

The total output of miscellaneous cyclic chemicals in 1970 was 1.7 
billion pounds, or 10.5 percent less than the output of 1.9 billion pounds 
reported for 1969. Sales in 1970 totaled 749 million pounds, valued at 
$310 million, compared with 860 million pounds, valued at $325 million, 
in 1969. In 1970 the most important groups of cyclic compounds were the 
lubricating oil additives, the output of which was 380 million pounds, and 
synthetic tanning materials, the output of which was 43 million pounds. 

Total production of miscellaneous acyclic chemicals in 1970 was 
77.6 billion pounds, or 5.1 percent more than the output of 73.8 billion 
pounds reported for 1969. Sales in 1970 totaled 35.2 billion pounds, 
valued at $3.8 billion, compared with 33.9 billion pounds, valued at 
$3.7 billion, in 1969. The statistics for acyclic chemicals are grouped 
primarily by chemical function. The order of precedence of these func- 
tional groups is generally that used in naming and indexing chemical 
compounds by Chemical Abstracts, but other important considerations are 
comparability with other statistics and the need for groupings that will 
not reveal the operations of individual producers. 

In 1970, the most important groups of acyclic chemicals were the 
halogenated hydrocarbons, the nitrogenous compounds, monohydric alcohols, 
and aldehydes and ketones. Production of halogenated hydrocarbons, which 
are used as solvents, intermediates, refrigerants, and aerosol propel lants, 
totaled 18.7 billion pounds. The most important chemicals in this group 
were dichloroethane (production of 7.5 billion pounds in 1970 compared with 



^ See also table 2 which lists these products and identifies the 
manufacturers by code. These codes are given in table 3. 



208 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



6.0 billion pounds in 1969) and vinyl chloride (4.0 billion pounds 
compared with 3.7 billion pounds). Output of nitrogenous compounds 
totaled 12.7 billion pounds. The most important chemical in this group 
was urea (used principally in fertilizers and as a feed additive), produc- 
tion of which was 6.2 billion pounds in 1970, compared with 5.9 billion 
pounds in 1969. 

Monohydric alcohols, which are used largely as solvents and inter- 
mediates, were the third largest group in 1970, with production of 11.4 
billion pounds. The most important items in the group in terms of pro- 
duction were synthetic methanol (4.9 billion pounds in 1970, compared 
with 4.2 billion pounds in 1969), synthetic ethyl alcohol (2.0 billion 
pounds in 1970, compared with 2.4 billion pounds in 1969) and isopropyl 
alcohol (1.9 billion pounds in 1970, compared with 2.0 billion pounds in 
1969). Aldehydes and ketones, which are also used largely as solvents 
and intermediates, were the next largest group with production of 10.0 
billion pounds. The most important items in this group in 1970 were 
formaldehyde (4.4 billion pounds), acetaldehyde (1.6 billion pounds), 
and acetone (1.6 billion pounds). 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



209 



TABLE 1. --Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1970 



[Listed below are all miscellaneous chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data 
were reported-) Table 2 lists all miscellaneous chemicals for which data on production or sales were reported 
and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Quantity 



Grand total 

MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

Total 

Benzoic acid, sodium salt 

Benzoyl peroxide 

Butyl benzoate 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol : 

Food grade 

Tech 

P"Dimethoxybenzene (Dimethyl ether of hydroquinone) 

Enzymes 

Flotation reagents 

Gasoline additives^ 

Hexamethylenetetramine, tech 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid esters : 

Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate (Methylparaben^ 

Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate (Propylparaben) 

Lubricating oil and grease additives, total 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, barium salt 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

All other 

Morpholine 

Naphthenic acid salts, total"* ^ 

Calcium naphthenate 

Cobalt naphthenate 

Lead naphthenate 

Manganese naphthenate 

Zinc naphthenate 

All other 

Photographic chemicals: 

p-Diethylaminobenzenediazonium (p-Diazo-N,N-diethyl- 

aniline), zinc chloride salt 

p- [Ethyl (2-hydroxyethyl)amino]benzenediazonium 

chloride 

Pinene, (a- and B-) 

Tall oil salts, total"* 

Calcium tallate 

Cobalt tallate 

Iron tallate 

Lead tallate 

Manganese tallate 

All other 

Tanning materials, synthetic, total 

2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate 

and salts 

All other 

Textile chemicals 

All other miscellaneous cyclic chemicals 



1,000 
pounds 



79,257,419 



1,705,018 



11,876 
6,311 
3,140 

7,192 

18,841 

163 

(2) 

6,779 
30,299 
76,625 

840 
312 

380,025 



16,894 
167,116 

58,376 
137,639 

21,204 

25,272 



1,820 
3,412 
14,363 
1,958 
1,192 
2,527 



8,273 



684 
2,145 

188 
4,162 

815 

279 

43,272 



39,873 
3,399 



2,494 
980,704 



1,000 
pounds 

35.997.692 



1,000 
dollars 



4.096,583 



749,112 



11,422 
6,232 
2,156 

6,932 
16,842 

25,043 
36,890 

820 
292 

213,961 



30,978 
182,983 



19,855 



21,103 



1,774 

3,485 

10,504 

1,759 

3,581 



57,624 
8,300 



717 
2,198 

160 
4,022 

849 

354 



40,501 



1,591 
279,448 



3,379 

5,717 

460 

3,624 
8,573 



17,037 
5,639 



1,258 
559 



5,647 
45,290 

6,434 

5,710 



509 
1,716 
2,020 

474 

991 



8,007 



183 
965 
35 
767 
204 
911 



1,462 
150,552 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 
TABLE 1. — Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1970- -Continued 



Sales 



Quantity 



1,000 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Cellulose Esters and Ethers 

Total 

Cellulose esters, total 

Cellulose acetate 

All other 

Cellulose ethers, total 

Sodium carboxymethylcellulose, 100% 

All other^ 

Lubricating Oil Additives 

Total 

Phosphorodithioates (Dithiophosphates) 

All other 

Nitrogenous Compounds 

Total' 

Aery lonit rile 

Amines, total 

Butylamines, total 

n-Butylamine, mono- 

Di-n-butylamine 

All other 

Diethylenetriamine 

Ethylamines: 

Diethylamine 

Ethylaraine, mono- 

Triethyl amine 

Ethylenediainine 

1,6-Hexanediamine (Hexamethylenediamine) 

Methylamines: 

Dimethylamine 

Methylamine, mono- 

Trioethylamine 

Propylamines: 

Diisopropyl amine 

Di-n-propylamine 

Triethylenetetramine 

All other 

2- (2-Ajiiinoethy laraino) ethanol (Aminoethy lethanolamine) - 

1, l'-Azobis£ormamide 

2-Diraethylaminoethanol 

Eruc amide 



1,000 
pounds 



35,248,580 



1,000 
dollars 



3,786, 213 



1,107,530 



989,421 



820,392 
169,029 



117,909 



64,876 
53,033 



436,864 



98,796 
338,068 



12,708,990 



1,039,257 
975,289 



17,213 
2,073 
2,662 

12,478 



8,795 
28,069 

62,062 
613,439 

78,283 
28,676 
25,454 

1,237 

7,674 

13,159 

91,228 

8,710 

3,147 
2,473 



207,649 



207,649 
112,431 



65,235 
47,196 



25,723 
135,475 



7,475,514 



547,124 
275, 769 



9,571 
1,710 
2,027 
5,834 
23,749 

4,575 
24,175 

6,527 
46,906 



36,535 
23,452 
19,687 

1,154 

8,804 

9,537 

61,097 

6,694 
3,517 
2,135 
2,562 



28,230 
35,350 



8,282 
21,786 



59,812 



58,770 



2,911 

575 

628 

1,708 

7,640 

1,026 
3,249 
2,022 
9,306 



3,638 
2,106 
1,938 

262 
2,188 
3,549 
18,935 

2,603 

4,207 

965 

2,396 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 
TABLE 1.- -Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales , 1970--Continued 



211 



Quantity 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 
Nitrogenous Compounds--Continued 

Ethanolamines, total 

2-Aminoethanol (Monoethanolamine) 

2,2'-Iminodiethanol (DiethanolamineJ 

2,2' ,2' '-Nitrilotriethanol (Triethanolamine) 

Nitriloacids and salts, total 

(Diethylenetrinitrilojpentaacetic acid, potassium 

salt 

CEthylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium zinc 

salt, dihydrate -- 

(Ethylenedinitrilo^tetraacetic acid, tetrasodium salt- 
(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo)triacetic acid, tri- 

sodium salt 

All other 

Oleamide COct^decene amide) 

Pentaerythritol tetranitrate 

Stearamide 

Stearic acid - ethylenediamine condensate (amine/acid 
ratio-1/2) 

Urea in compounds or mixtures (100% basis), total 

In feed compounds 

In liquid fertilizer 

In solid fertilizer 

All other 

All other nitrogenous compounds 

Acids, Aoyl Halides and Anhydrides 

Total 

Acetic acid, synthetic, 100% 

Acetic anhydride, 100% 

Acrylic acid 

Adipic acid 

Butyric acid 

Dodecenylsuccinic anhydride 

Fumaric acid 

Lauroyl chloride 

Maleic anhydride 

Palmitoyl chloride 

Polyacrylic acid 

Propionic acid 

All other acids, acyl halides and anhydrides 



1,000 
pounds 



264,540 



1,000 



87 


167 


93 


279 


83 


894 


158 


263 


S 


006 


4 


287 


1 


686 


36 


955 


S 


820 


106 


509 



m. 



3,644 

20,614 
6,238,357 



671,901 
2,818,562 
2,403,260 

344,634 

3,994,896 



5.992.209 



1,932,285 

1,589,047 

100,418 

1,081,995 



53,202 

4,617 

215,122 

330 

890 

49,601 

964,702 



1,000 
dollars 



23,557 



63,352 
65,688 
78,642 



6,951 
6,633 
9,973 



2,550 
1,339 

1,694 
24,795 

4,488 
104,306 

4,410 

3,085 

745 

13,358 

5,456,122 



738 
727 

684 
6,712 

1,742 
15,325 

1,922 

2,546 

326 



584,803 
2,438,170 
2,212,700 

220,449 

813,139 



1.258.061 



4,210 
f9-) 157,364 



16,820 

67,722 

66,036 

6,786 

340,210 



185,251 



389,146 
160,703 
23,805 
127,081 
2,569 
2,290 
45,488 

150,972 

864 

28,661 

326,482 



22,873 
13,929 
5,155 
19,861 
572 
933 
9,287 

23,963 

548 

2,457 

85,673 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 
TABLE 1. — Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales , 1970- -Continued 



Production 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC- -Continued 

Salts of Organic Aaids 

Total 

Acetic acid salts, total 

Copper acetate 

Potassium acetate 

Sodium acetate 

Zinc acetate 

Zirconium acetate 

All other 

2-Ethylhexanoic acid (a-Ethylcaproic acid) salts: 

Calcium 2-ethylhexanoate 

Cobalt 2-ethylhexanoate 

Lead 2-ethylhexanoate 

Manganese 2-ethylhexanoate 

Zinc 2-ethylhexanoate 

Zirconium 2-ethylhexanoate 

Gluconic acid, sodium salt 

Lactic acid salts 

Mercaptoacetic (Thioglycolic) acid, salts 

Octanoic (Caprylic) acid, salts 

Oleic acid salts 

Polyacrylic acid salts 

Propionic acid salts: 

Calcium propionate 

Sodium propionate 

Stearic acid salts, total'" 

Aluminum stearates, total 

Aluminum distearate 

Aluminum monostearate and tristearate 

Cadmium stearate 

Calcium stearate 

Lithium stearate 

Magnesium stearate 

Zinc stearate 

All other 

All other salts of organic acids 

Aldehydes and Ketones 

Total 

Acetaldehyde 

Acetone, total 

From cumene 

All other 

2-Butanone (Methyl ethyl ketone) 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



29,658 



263 

2,983 

20,859 

356 

188 

5,009 



1,169 

1,517 

940 

196 

681 

14,241 
1,819 
3,133 
1,199 
578 
4,743 

20,295 
4,792 

46,181 



3,208 

2,519 

689 

109 

23,339 

497 

3,632 

11,221 

4,175 

151,359 



1,611,352 
1.615,248 



723,620 
891,628 



1,000 
pounds 



243,671 



34,454 



184 
2,414 

13,014 
371 
131 

18,340 



302 

1,150 

793 

188 

635 

1,031 

14,097 

1,587 

2,984 

908 

480 

5,159 

16,253 
3,870 

43,405 



3,090 

2,324 

766 

112 

23,000 

478 

3,394 

10,674 

2,657 

116,375 



559,097 
564,454 



427,218 



1,000 
dollars 



6,407 



164 
750 

2,255 
147 
51 

3,040 



116 
844 
343 
60 
320 
544 

3,575 
664 

4,562 
994 
325 

5,795 

3,534 
857 



1,231 

909 

322 

86 

8,049 
254 

1,351 

3,905 
993 

39,275 



44,815 



22,692 
22,123 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



TABLE I. — Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1970 — Continued 



Production 



Quantity 



1,000 
dollars 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 
Aldehydes and Ketones--Conti.mxed 

Formaldehyde (37% by weight) 

4-Hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone (Diacetone alcohol) 

4-Methyl-2-pentanone (Methyl isobutyl ketone!) 

All other aldehydes and ketones 

Alcohols, Monohydric, Unsubstituted 

Total 

Alcohols, Cs or lower, unmixed, total 

Butyl alcohols: 

n-Butyl alcohol (n-Propylcarbinol) 

Isobutyl alcohol (Isopropylcarbinol) 

Ethyl alcohol, synthetic" 

2-Ethyl-l-hexanol 

Hexyl alcohol 

Iso-octyl alcohols 

Isopropyl alcohol 

Methanol, synthetic 

1- (and 2-)0ctanol 

Propyl alcohol (Propanol) 

All other 

Alcohols, Cio and higher, unmixed, total 

Decyl alcohols 

1-Hexadecanol and other hexadecyl alcohols 

Stearyl and other octadecyl alcohols 

All other 

Mixtures of alcohols, total 

C9 and lower, only 

Cio and higher, only 

Ce to Ci2 and others 

Polyhydric Alcohols and Their Esters and Ethers 

Total' ^ 

Polyhydric alcohols, total 

Ethylene glycol 

Glycerol, synthetic only 

Pentaerythritol 

Propylene glycol (1,2-Propanediol) 

Sorbitol 

All other 

Polyhydric alcohol esters 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



4,426,931 



199,043 
1,692,804 



10,531,342 



467,808 

91,746 

1,956,597 

456,997 

16,656 

99,833 

1,919,206 

4,931,682 

60,320 
530,497 



127,307 
534,675 



49,574 
394,681 
90,420 



6,200,071 



4.265.579 



,037,501 
190,809 
85,189 
428,181 
105,091 
418,808 

186,680 



1,000 
pounds 



,381,029 


33,049 


37,493 


4,830 


166,948 


19,425 


815,446 


64,726 



318,030 



4,609.154 



243,390 



278,163 

77,771 

1,060,607 

228,612 

3,744 

76,271 

861,215 

1,723 

5,518 

57,245 

98,285 

130,182 



1, 



22,140 

4,214 

66,841 

18,942 

383 

7,075 

49,183 

53,344 

1,074 

6,093 

14,101 

19,636 



57,812 
5,671 
7,168 

59,531 

419,183 



5,466 

1,533 

1,509 

11,128 

55,004 



35,068 

294,519 

89,596 



4,484.158 



3.829 
40.146 
11.029 



279.101 



.209,675 
176,129 

67,572 
395,459 

88,183 
131,514 

178,258 



146,205 
32,637 
15,501 
36,419 
17,444 
30,895 

36,218 



214 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 
TABLE 1. — Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1970 — Continued 



1,000 



Quantity 



1,000 
pounds 



1,257,568 



1,0UU 
dollars 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 
Polyhydrio Aloohols and Their Esters and Ethers — Continued 

Polyhydric alcohol ethers, total 

2-Butoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether) 

2- (2-Butoxyethoxy)ethanol (Disthylene glycol monobutyl 

ether) 

2-[2- (2-Butoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Trlethylene glycol 

monobutyl ether) 

Diethylene glycol 

Dipropylene glycol 

2-Ethoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether) 

2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol monoethyl 

ether) 

2-Methoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether) 

2- (2-Methoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol monomethyl 

ether) 

2- [2- (2-Methoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene 

glycol monomethyl ether) 

Polyethylene glycol 

Polypropoxy ethers, total 

Glycerol tri(polyoxypropylene) ether 

All other 

Polypropylene glycol 

Triethylene glycol 

All other ethers of polyhydric alcohols 

Esters of Monohydrio Aloohols 

Total 

n-Butyl acetate, unmixed 

Butyl aery late 

Dibutyl maleate 

Diethyl carbonate (Ethyl carbonate) 

Dilauryl 3,3'-thiodipropionate 

Dioctyl maleate 

Distearyl 3,3 5-thiodipropionate 

Ethyl acetate, 85% 

Ethyl aery late 

Ethyl chloroacetate 

2-Ethyl-l-hexyl aery late 

Methyl esters of tallow 

Methyl methacrylate 

Phosphorus acid esters, not elsewhere specified 

Propyl acetate 

Vinyl acetate 

All other 



1,747,812 



106,915 
15,080 



341,407 
44,142 
136,316 

35,842 
97,029 

13,375 

24,801 
42,098 
388,023 
192,103 
195,920 
212,886 
89,312 
200,586 



2,447,970 



74,322 

84,429 

9,686 

1,759 

993 

4,529 

850 

161,360 

207,269 

45,360 

269 

445,053 

17,791 

23,532 

803,224 

567,544 



10,295 

2,007 
196,613 
34,874 
59,174 

30,760 
75,375 



40,653 
301,711 
164,761 
136,950 
187,016 

70,178 
131,516 



64,268 

45,835 

9,546 

1,328 

4,092 

791 

138,834 

68,202 

182 

32,660 

269 

17,482 

22,071 

348,875 

425,160 



13,385 

1,778 

398 
13,325 
3,862 
7,795 

4,260 
8,415 



9,163 
49,208 
24,253 
24,955 
28,131 

9,246 
28,589 



188,778 



7,204 

8,125 

1,743 

515 

838 

692 

11,034 

11,464 

91 

6,975 

38 



14,480 

2,660 

29,698 

93,221 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 
TABLE 1. --Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales , 1970-- Continued 



215 



Quantity 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

Halogenated Hydroaarbons 

Total 

Carbon tetrachloride 

Chlorinated paraffins, total 

35-64% chlorine 

Other 

Chlorodifluoromethane 

Chloroethane (Ethyl chloride) 

Chloroform 

Chloromethane (Methyl chloride) 

1,2-Dibromoethane .(Ethylene dibromide) — 

Dichlorodif luoromethane 

1,2-Dichloroethane. (Ethylene dichloride) 

Dichloromethane (Methylene chloride) 

1,2-Dichloropropane (Propylene dichloride) 

lodomethane (Methyl iodide) : 

Tetrachloroethylene (Perchloroethylene) 

1,1,1-Trichloroethane (Methylchloroform) 

Trichloroethylene 

Trichlorof luoromethane 

Vinyl chloride, monomer (Chloroethylene) 

All other halogenat'ed hydrocarbons 

All Other Miscellaneous Aoyolio Chemicals 

Total 

2-Butanone peroxide 

tert- Butyl hydroperoxide 

tert-Butyl peroxide (Di-tert-butyl peroxide) 

Carbon disulfide 

Epoxides, ethers, and acetals: 

Ethylene oxide 

Isopropyl ether 

Propylene oxide 

Lauroyl peroxide 

Organo-silicon polymers 

Phosgene (Carbonyl chloride) 

Sodium formaldehyde sulfoxylate 

Sodium methoxide (Sodium methylate) 

Tetraethyllead 

Tetra(methyl-;ethyl) leads 

Zinc formaldehyde sulfoxylate 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 



18,695,628 



1,000 
pounds 



1,011,191 
58,371 



35,393 
22,978 

678,034 
239,893 
422,678 
296,826 
375,406 
7,459,824 
402,190 

20 
706,896 
366,330 
610,778 
244,472 
4,040,234 
1,782,485 



8,304,545 



3,164 

2, '166 

1,610 

720,851 

3,864,767 

1,179,216 

1,589 

91,872 

617,471 

4,631 

5,757 

324,757 

504,215 

628 

981,851 



1,000 
dollars 



708,305 



841,188 
56,913 



44,093 
7,560 



34,612 

22,301 

72,613 

272,741 

174,903 

175,961 

145,626 

356,040 

1,313,995 

358,160 

21,778 

10 

640,192 

327,387 

568,860 

236,580 

2,720,196 

285,249 



4,051 

3,509 

37.031 

17,135 

10,686 

9,750 

26,139 

91,603 

38,292 

28,757 

596 

36 

44,835 

32,084 

40,490 

43,772 

107,037 

128,409 



754,672 



2,986 

787 

1,512 

465,990 

411,232 
7,511 

172,134 

1,611 

83,916 

4,216 

325,593 

484,364 

612 

485,243 



3,215 

579 

1,372 

19,427 

28,641 

766 

14,667 

1,294 

104,077 

1,098 

172,539 

280,880 

285 

125,832 



' Calculated from rounded figures. 

2 Not available. 

3 Statistics exclude production and sales of tricresyl phosphate. Statistics on tricresyl phosphate 
with "Plasticizers". 

'* Quantities are given on the basis of solid naphthenate, tallate, or linoleate content. 
5 Statistics exclude production and sales of copper naphthenate. 



Statistics on copper naphthenate are included 



216 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 19 VO 

TABLE 1. --Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1970- -Continued 

Footnotes for table ^--Continued 

with "Pesticides and Related Products". 

*' Ethylcellulose which was formerly included with cellulose ethers is now included with cellulosic plastics 
materials . 

^ Statistics exclude production and sales of fatty amines. Statistics on fatty amines are given with "Surface- 
Active Agents." 

® Production of urea in primary solution totaled 6.500,046 thousand pounds. 
' Includes estimated values for sales of urea in nitrogen compounds. 
'" Statistics exclude production and sales of potassium and sodium stearates. Statistics on these stearates are 
included with "Surface-Active Agents." 

" Statistics on production of ethyl alcohol from natural sources by fermentation are issued by the Alcohol Tax 
Unit, U.S. Internal Revenue Service. 

'^ Of the total production, about 60% consisted of alcohols lower than Cm and about 40% consisted of alcohols 
higher than Cj q . 

Some polyols which are used as intermediates for urethanes have been included with "Plastics and Resin Materials. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



217 



TABLE 2. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 

[Miscellaneous chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 1 are marked with an asterisk (*5; 
chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 1 because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not 
be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 3. An x signifies that the 
manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3] 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

Acetylcyclohexanesulfonyl peroxide 

1-Adamantanamine 

Adenosine and derivatives 

2-Aminobenzothiazole 

2-Amino-5-dichloro-2-propylbenzophenone 

2-Amino-4,6-dimercapto-l,3,S-triazine 

1- C2-Ajninoethyl)piperazine 

1- (3rAminopropyl)morpholine 

Amyl p-dimethylaminobenzoate 

Anisaldehyde bisulfite 

Arylalkyl phosphites 

*Benzoic acid, sodium salt 

p-Benzoquinone (p-Quinone) 

Benzothiazole 

* Benzoyl peroxide 

Biological stains 

Bis-aminopropylpiperazine 

BisC2,4-dichlorobenzoyl) peroxide 

2,4-BisC4-hydroxy-3,S-di-tert-butylphenoxy)-6- (n-octyl- 
thio)-l,3,5-triazine. 

Bis(2-hydroxypropoxyphenyl)methane 

2,4-Bis(n-octylthio3-6-(4'-hydroxy-3' ,5 '-di-tert -butyl- 
anil ino)- 1,3, 5-triazine. 

Boron fluoride-phenol complex 

* Butyl benzoate 

p-tert-Butylbenzoic acid, barium bis-salt 

2 (and 3)-tert-Butyl-4-methoxyphenol 

tert- Butyl peroxybenzoate 

4-tert-Butylphenyl salicylate 

4-tert-Butylpyrocatechol 

Camphene 

Cellulose acetate phthalate 

Central ite-1 (N,N'-Diethyl-N,N'-diphenylurea) 

Chemical indicators and reagents 

Chloramine B (Sodium derivative of N-chlorobenzenesulfon- 

amide) . 
1- (3-Chlorallyl)-3,5,7-triaza-l-azoniaadamantane 
chloride. 

o-Chlorobenzamalononitrile 

p-Chlorophenylalanine 

Chlorophyllin, sodium-potassium-copper 

Cholesteryl chloride ■ 

Cobalt phthalocyaninedisulfonate 

Cumene hydroperoxide 

Cyanuric and isocyanuric acid 

1,3 (and 1 ,4)-Cyclohexadiene 

Cyclohexanone peroxide 

Cyclohexene-l,2-dicarboxylic acid (Tetrahydrophthalic 
acid) disubstituted, polyester salts: Barium and 
cadmium salts. 

Cyclohexene 

Cyclohexenone and cyclopentenone 

1,4-Cyclohexylenedimethanol 

l-Cyclohexyl-2-pyrrolidinone 

Cyclohexyl p-toluenesulfonate 

Cyclopropane 

Cytidine and derivatives 



SHL. 
MON, PFZ, VEL, WSN. 



NOC, RCI, WTC, WTL, x. 
EK. 



WTL. 

ALD. 

PLB. 

FMT. 

ALD. 

ACY. 

JCC, 

JCC. 

VND. 

GIV, 

WES. 

HN, 

EKT 

ACY 

CAD 

ACS, 

JCC. 

CAD, 

CGY. 

JCC. 
CGY. 

ACS. 
PFZ, 
CCA. 
EKT. 
NOC, 
DOW. 
BKL, 
GLD, 

X. 

OTC. 
ACS, 
NES. 

DOW. 



NCA. 

ALD. 

KCH. 

ALD. 

ACS. 

ACP, HPC, RCI. 

FMB, MON. 

ALD. 

NOC, WTL. 

RCI. 



EK. 

ALD. 

EKT. 

GAF. 

ARS. 

OH, OMS, TAE. 

PLB. 



TCC, VAL, VEL. 



DOW. 
HN, HPC. 



EK, FIN, GFS, LAM. 



218 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2.- 



-Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC--Continued 

Decahydronaphthalene (Decalin) 

Diaminohexanitrobiphenyl 

Diaminotrinitrobenzene 

2,S-Di-tert-amylhydroquinone 

l,4-Diazobicyclo(2.2.2)octane 

Diazodinitrophenol 

2,5-Di(benzoylperoxy)-2,5-dimethylhexane 

Dibenzyl azodicarboxylate 

Dibromodimethylhydantoin 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol : 

*Food grade 

*Tech 

2,5-Di-tert-butylhydroquinone 

Di-tert-butyl diperoxyphthalate 

l,3-Dichloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin 

Dichloro-s-triazine-2,4,6(lH,3H,5H)trione [Dichloroiso- 

cyanuric acid), and salts. 

4,4'-Dichloro-3-trif luoromethylcarbonalide 

Dicyclohexylanraionium nitrite 

Digit onin 

2,5-Dihydrothiophene-l,l-dioxide (Sulfolene) 

2,4-Dihydroxybenzophenone 

2,2'-Dihydroxy-4,4'-dimethoxybenzophenone 

3,S-Dihydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-l,2-peroxycyclopentane 

2,6-Dihydroxyisonicotinic acid (2,6-Dihydroxy-4-carboxy- 

pyridine) . 

2,2'-Dihydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone 

2,2'-Dihydroxy-4- (octadecyloxy}benzophenone 

Diisopropylbenzene hydroperoxide 

Diisopropyl-m.p-cresols 

•p-Dimethoxybenzene (Dimethyl ether of hydroquinone) 

2,6-DimethylraorphoIine 

2,4-Dinitrobenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

4,4-Dinitrocarbanilide-4,6-dimethyl-2-pyrimidinol 

Di-n-octadecyl-3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl phospho- 

nate. 
l,2-Dioctylcyclobutane-3,4-bis(octamethylene isocyanate)- 

Dioxane (1,4-Diethylene oxide) 

Dioxin 

Dipropylene glycol salicylate 

Dithioammilide, monoethanolamine salt 

4- (Dodecyloxy) -2-hydroxybenzophenone 

* Enzymes: 

Hydrolytic: 

Amylases 

Proteases 

Other 

Nonhydro lytic 

Ethyl cellulose phthalate 

Ethylenediaminedi(o-hydroxyphenylacetic acid), ferric 
sodium salt. 

4-Ethylmorpholine 

*Flotation reagents: 

Dicresylphosphorodithioic acid (Dicresylthiophosphoric 
acid) . 

Dicresylphosphorodithioic acid, ammonium salt 

Dicresylphosphorodithioic acid, sodium salt 

2,2' -Dimethyl thiocarbanilide (Di-o-tolyl thiourea) 

Rosin amines 

Thiocarbanilide (Diphenylthiourea) 

Fluorinated benzenoid chemicals 

Furan derivatives: 

2-Furaldehyde (Furfural) 

Tetrahydrof urf ury 1 al cohol 

Gallic acid 

"Gasoline additives: 

N,N'-Bis(l,4-dimethylpentyl)-p-phenylenediamine 

6-tert-Butyl-o-cresol 



DUP. 

NCA. 

NCA. 

CTN, EKT. 

HOU. 

HPC. 

WTC, WTL. 

WTL. 

ARA. 

ASH, HPC, KPT, PRD, SHC . 

ASH, HPC, KPT, PRD, SHC, USR. 

EKT. 

WTL. 

GLY. 

FMB, MON. 

CGY. 
OMC. 
PEN. 
PLC. 
DUP. 
GAF. 
WTL. 
EK. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

HPC. 

GIV. 

EKT, GAF, UOP. 

DOW. 

NES. 

MRK. 

CGY. 

OTC. 

DOW, UCC. 
GIV. 
SBC. 
ACY. 
DUP, EKT. 



BAX, CRN, GRP, MLS, OMS, PMP, RH, WBC. 

BAX, CHH, COM, DOL, ENZ, GRP, MLS, PD, PFZ, PMP, 

SPR, WBC. 
BAX, JFR, MLS, OMS, RH, WBC. 
MLS, PLB, WBC. 
EK. 
CGY. 

BRD, JCC. 

ACY. 

ACY. 
KCU. 

DUP, RBC. 
HPC. 

ACS, ACY. 
PIC. 

QKO. 
QKO. 
MAL. 



EKT. 
TNA. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



219 



TABLE 2. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
[according to list in table 3} 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC--Continued 

*Gasoline additives --Continued 

2,5-Di-tert-butylphenol 

N,N'-Di-?ec-butyI-p-phenylenediamine 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-a-diniethyIaniiho-p-cresoI 

2,6-Diethylaniline 

N,N'-Diisopropyl-p-phenylenediamine 

N,N'-Disalicylidene-l,2-propanediainine 

4,4'-Methylenebis(2,6-di-tert-butylphenol) 

4,4'-Thiobis[6-tert-butyI-o-cresoI) 

2,2'-Thiobis(6-tert-butyl-p-cresoI) 

I,3,5-Tris(;3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyI)- 
mesitylene. 

Other 

Glyceryl p-aminobenzoate 

Guanosine and derivatives 

*HexainethyIenetetramine, tech 

Hexanitrobenzene 

Hexanitrostilbene 

Homomenthyl salicylate 

Hydrindantin 

Hydrocinnamic acid • 

o- (2-Hydroxy-p-anisoyl}benzoic acid 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid esters: 

Benzyl p-hydroxybenzoat e 

Butyl p-hydroxybenzoate (Butylparaben) 

Ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate (Ethylparaben) 

n-Heptyl p-hydroxybenzoate (Heptylparaben) 

*MethyI p-hydroxybenzoate (Methylparaben) 

*PropyI p-hydroxybenzoate [Propylparaben) 

Other 

Hydroxymethyl-5,5-dimethyIhydantoin 

2-Hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone 

2-Hydroxy-4-methoxy-5-sulfobenzophenone trihydrate-- 

2-HydroxyniethyI-5-norbornene aery late 

2-Hydroxy-4-n-octoxybenzophenone 

2-[2-Hydroxy-5-tert-octylphenyl)benzotriazole 

2-HydroxypropyI p-[N,N-bis-2-hydroxypropyl amino )- 
benzoate. 

l-Hydroxy-2 -pyridine [Omadine) 

2-Imidazolidinethione [I, 3-Ethylene- 2- thiourea) 

1,2,3-Indantrione monohydrate [Ninhydrin) 

Inosine and derivatives 

2-(p-IodophenyI)-3- [p-nitrophenyl)-5-phenyl-2H- 
tetrazolium chloride. 

Isobutyl vinyl ether - toluene, xylene polymers 

Isopropyl-o-cresols 

Isopropylmorpholine 

*Lubricating oil and grease additives: 

Chlorosulfurized and sulfurized compounds: 

Heterocyclic compounds, sulfurized 

Other 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonates: 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, ammonium salt-- 

*Oil-soIuble petroleiun sulfonate, barium salt 

*OiI-soluble petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, magnesium salt- 

*Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

Phenol salts: 

Barium salt of nonylphenol 

Calcium salt of octylphenol-formaldehyde 

Other 

All other 




TNA. 

DUP, EKT, USR. 

TNA. 

TNA. 

EKT. 

DUP, TX. 

TNA. 

TNA. 

ASH. 

TNA. 

EKT, TNA, UPM. 

VND. 

PLB. 

DUP, HKD, HMP, HN, PLS, UCC . 

NCA. 

NCA. 

ARS. 

HEX. 

ARS. 

ACY. 

RSA. 

HN, LEM, WSN. 

HN, LEM, WSN. 

WSN. 

ARS, HN, LEM, WSN. 

ARS, HN, LEM, WSN. 

WSN. 

GLY. 

ACY, GAP. 

ACY. 

ARS. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

SHE. 

OMC. 
PAS. 
HEX. 
PLB. 
EK. 

GAP. 

CP. 

JCC. 



ORO. 
LUB, SOI. 

CO. 

CO, LUB, TX. 

CO, ENJ, LUB, ORO, SHO, 

CO. 

CO, ENJ, MOR, PAR, SHO, SOC, SOI. 

ENJ, CCA. 

SHC. 

ENJ, GOG, HOG. LUB, ORO, SHC, SIN, TX, x. 

ENJ, GOC, LUB, ORO, SIN, SM, x. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLlC--Continued 

p-Menthane 

8-p-Menthy 1 hydroperoxide 

p-MethoxyDenzylidenemalonic acid, diethyl and 
dimethyl esters. 

4-Methoxyphenol 

Methylaziridine 

2,2'-Methylenebis(4-chlorophenol) (Dichlorophene) 

Methylenebis[dimethylhydantoin] 

2,2'-Methylenebis (3,4,6-trichlorophenol) (Hexachloro- 
phene) . 

Methyl gal late 

Methylglucoside 

4-Methylmorpholine 

Methyl phenyl phosphates 

1-Methyl- 2 -pyrro 1 idone , monomer 

*Morpholine 

Morpholine salt of p-toluenesulfonic acid 

*Naphthenic acid salts: 

Aluminum naphthenate 

Barium naphthenate 

Cadmium naphthenate 

*Calcium naphthenate 

Cerium naphthenate 

Cobalt lead manganese naphthenate 

*Cobalt naphthenate 

Iron naphthenate 

Lead manganese naphthenate 

* Lead naph thenat e — 

Lith ium naphthenate 

*Manganese naphthenate 

Nickel naphthenate 

Rare earths naphthenate 

Sodium naphthenate 

Stront ium naphthenate 

*Zinc naphthenate 

o-Nitrobenzoic acid and sodium salt 

Octadecyl 3- (3,S-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)- 
propionate. 

Organic mercury compounds: Phenylmercuric borate 

Oxanilide 

2-Phenoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monophenyl ether)-- 
2- (2-Phenoxyethoxy}ethanol (Diethylene glycol phenyl 
ether) . 

2 - Ph enoxypropano 1 

2,2'- (p-Phenylene)diethanol 

m-Phenylene isonaph thai amide 

Phenyl hydrogen phosphate 

2- (Phenylthio)quinoline 

S-Phosphonylribose-1 -pyrophosphate 

Photographic chemicals: 

N- (o-Acetamidophenethyl) -l-hydroxy-2-naphthamide--' 

2- (4-Ainino-N-ethyl-m-toluidino)ethyl sulfate 

3-Amino-l,2,4-triazole 

Benzotriazole 

p-Benzylaminophenol hydrochloride 

2-Chloro-N,N-diethyl-p-phenylenediamine hydro- 
chloride. 
3-Chloro-4-diethylaminobenzenediazonium salts (p- 
Diazo-2-chloro-N,N-diethylaniline salts) . 

Chlorohydroquinone 

2 ,4-Diajninophenol dihydrochloride (Amidol) 

2,5-Diethoxy-4-morpholinobenzenediazonium salts 



HPC. 

HPC, VND. 
ACY. 

ASL, EKT. 
ARS. 
GIV. 
GLY. 

GIV. 

HSH. 

CRN. 

JCC, UCC. 

TNA. 

GAP. 

DOW, JCC, UCC. 

AMB. 

HSH, WTC. 

CCA. 

CCA. 

CCA, CCC, PER, HNX, HSH, MCI, SHP, SRR, SW, IRQ, WTC. 

SHP. 

HNX, HSH. 

CCA, CCC, PER, HNX, HSH, MCI, SHP, SRR, SW, TRO, WTC. 

CCA, CCC, HNX, HSH, MCI, WTC. 

CCA. 

CCA, CCC, PER, HNX, HSH, MCI, SHP, SRR, SW, TRO, TX, 

WTC. 
CCA, MCI. 

CCA, PER, HNX, HSH, MCI, SHP, SRR, SW, WTC. 
CCA. 
CCA. 
CCA. 
CCA. 

CCA, CCC, PER, HNX, HSH, MCI, SHP, SW, TRO, WTC. 
WAY. 
CGY. 

TRO. 
FIN. 

DOW, JCC. 
DOW. 

JCC. 

EKT. 

DUP. 

HDG, SM. 

EK. 

PLB. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

FMT. 

EK, FMT, MRT, SW. 

EK. 

IDC. 

FMT. 

EK. 
VPC. 
PMT, GAP. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



221 



TABLE 2. 



-Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC--Continued 

Photographic chemicals- -Continued 

2,5-Diethoxy-!4-thiocresoldiazonium salts 

*p-DiethyIaminobenzenediazonium (p-Diazo-N,N-diethyl- 
aniline) , zinc chloride salt. 

NjN-Diethyl-p-phenylenediamine hydrochloride 

N,N-Diethyltoluene-2, 5 -diamine, monohydrochloride 

2,5-Dihydroxy-p-benzenedisulfonic acid salts 

2,5-Dihydroxybenzenesulfonic acid 

p-Dimethylaminobenzenediazonium chloride (p-Diazo-N,N- 

dimethylaniline] - zinc chloride. 
4- (2' ,6'-Dimethvlmort)holinyl)benzenediazoniuni 
chloride - zinc chloride. 

p-Dipnenyiaminediazonium sulfate 

p- (N-Ethylbenzimido)benzenediazonium chloride (p- 
Diazo-N-benzyl-N-ethylaniline5 - zinc chloride. 
*p- [Ethyl C2-hydroxyethyl)amino]benzenediazonium 
chloride. 

N-Ethyl-N-hydroxyethyl-p-phenylenediamine sulfate 

N-Ethyl-N-Cg-methanesulfonamidoethyl) toluene- 2, 5-di- 
amine sulfate. 

Hydr oquinone (Hydroquinol ) 

p-((2-Hydroxyethyl3methylamino)benzenediazonium 

chloride (p-Diazo-N-hydroxyethyl-N-methylaniline) - 
zinc chloride. 

4-Methoxy-l-naphthol 

p-Methylaminophenol sulfate 

S-Methylbenzotriazole 

4-Methyl-l-phenyl-3-pyrazolidinone 

4-Morpholinylbenzenediazonium salts 

6-Nitrobenziinidazole ■■ 

Octylphenyl salicylate 

1- Phenyl- 3-pyrazolidinone 

4-Phenylpyrocatechol 

Polyvinyl cinnamate 

2-Resorcylic monoethanolamide 

1- (2,4,6-Trichlorophenyl)-3- C4-nitroanilino]-2- 
pyrazolin-5-one. 

All other 

Phthalic acid, lead salt, dibasic 

Picramic acid, sodium salt 

*Pinene (a- and g-) 

Piperazine, ethoxylated 

Piperonal, sodium bisulfite complex 

Poly-4- (2-acryloxyethoxy)-2-hydroxybenzophenone 

Polyethylene terephthalate 

Polyvinyl phthalate 

Propyl gal late 

Pyrogallol (Pyrogallic acid] 

Resorcinol monobenzoate 

Rosin acid salts: 

Calcium resinate 

Copper resinate 

Iron resinate 

Lead resinate 

Manganese resinate 

Zinc resinate 

Salicylanilide 

Salicylic acid, lead salt 

Sodium cresoxide (Cresylic acid, sodium salt) 

Sucrose benzoate 

Sulfosalicylic acid 



FMT. 




FMT, 


MRT, 


EKT, 


FMT. 


EKT, 


IDC. 


x. 




EK. 




FMT, 


IDC. 



FMT. 




MRT. 




FMT, 


IDC, X 


FMT, 


IDC. 


EKT. 




EKT. 




FMI, 


IDC. 



EK. 








EK, 


FMT. 






WAY. 








FMT, 


IDC. 






EK, 


FMT. 






EKT. 








CGY, 


WAY. 






X. 








WAY. 








FMT. 








EKT. 








EK, 


EKT, FMI, 


IDC, 


VPC, X. 


NTL. 








SDC. 








ARZ, 


CBY, GLD, 


HN, 


HPC, NCI 


GAF. 








SHL. 








ACY. 








DUP, 


EK. 






EK. 








EKT, 


HSH. 






HSH, 


MAL. 






EKT. 








JMS, 


SW. 






JMS. 








JMS. 








JMS. 








JMS. 








HN, 


JMS, SW. 






DUP, 


FIN, PCW 






NTL. 








DEX, 


GOC. 






VEL. 








LEM, 


MON, MRK 







462-669 O - 72 - 15 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manu£a<:turers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC--Continued 

*TaII oil salts (Linoleic-rosin acid salts) : 

Calcium manganese tallate 

*Calciijm tallate ■ 

*Cobalt tallate 

Copper tallate 

*Iron tallate 

Lead manganese tallate 

*Lead tallate 

*Manganese tallate 

Zinc tallate 

Tannic acid 

*Tanning materials, synthetic: 

*2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate 
and salts. 

l-Phenol-2-sulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate 
(Phenol-formaldehyde, sulfonated) . 

Styrene maleic anhydride interpolymer, partial sodium 
salt. 

Sulfonyldiphenolsulfonic acid, formaldehyde 
condensate. 

All other 

Te tr abr omob isphenol A 

2,3,5,6-Tetrachloro-4- (methylsulfonyl) pyridine 

1,2,3 , 4-Tetrahydronaphthal ene (Tetral in) 

Te t r ahydroth ioph ene 

Tetrahydrothioph ene- 1,1 -dioxide (Sulfolane) 

Tetrakis [methylene-3- (3' , 5 ' -di-tert-butyl-4 ' -hydroxy- 

phenol)propionate]methane. 

1,3,6,8-Tetranitrocarbazole 

Tetraphenyltin 

*Tex':ile chemicals, other than surface-active agents: 

N ,N -Diphenyl-l,2-propanediamine 

1- ((Octadecyloxy)methyl)pyridinium chloride 

Phenol, sulfurated 

Tetrahydro-3 ,5-bis (methoxymethyl) -4H- 1 , 3, 5-oxadiazin- 
4-one (l,3-Bis(methoxymethyl)uron) . 

2 , 2 ' , 4 , 4 ' -Tetrahydroxybenzophenone 

All other 

2,2'-Thiobis (4-chlorophenol) 

2,2'-Thiobis(4,6-dichlorophenol) 

(2,2' -Thiobis (4-octylphenolate))-n-butylamine nickel 

Thiophene- 

o-Toluidine formaldehyde hydrochloride 

o-Tolylbiguanide 

Trial lyl cyanurate 

Triaryl phosphites 

3,4' ,5-Tribromosalicylanilide 

3,4' ,5-Tribromosalicylanilide and 4,5-Dibromo- 

salicylanilide mixtures. 

3,4,4'-Trichlorocarbanilide 

Trichloromelamine 

l,3,5-Trichloro-s-triazine-2,4,6(lH,3H,5H)trione (Tri- 

chloroisocyanuric acid) . 

Tri- (m,p)-cresyl borate 

Trimethylaminoethylpiperazine 

3,5,S-Trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-2-one (Isophorone) 

2,4,6-Trinitroresorcinol and lead derivative 

s-Trioxane 

Triphenylphosphine 

Triphenyl phosphite 

Triphenyl sulfonium chloride 

Triphenyl tin 

Uridine derivatives 

l-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone, monomer and polymer 

l-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone - acrylic copolymers 

l-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone - vinyl acetate copolymer 

l-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone - other copolymers 



MCI. 
CCA, 
CCA, 
CCA, 
CCA, 
HSH, 
CCA, 
CCA, 
HSH, 
MAL. 



CCC, HNX, HSH, MCI, SRR, TRO, WTC . 

CCC, FER, HNX, MCI, SHP, SRR, TRO, WTC. 

MCI, SHP. 

MCI, SHP, SRR, WTC. 

MCI. 

CCC, FER, HNX, HSH, MCI, SHP, SRR, TRO, WTC. 

CCC, FER, HNX, HSH, MCI, SHP, TRO, WTC. 

MCI. 



AKS, DA, GRD, RH, TCD. 



DUP. 

GAP. 

AKS, 
GTL. 
DOW. 
DUP, 
PAS. 
PLC. 
CGY. 



SNW. 
DUP. 
GAP. 



GAP. 

GAP, x, X. 

GIV. 

X. 

ACY. 
PAS. 
RBC. 
MON. 
ACY. 
WES. 
FIN. 
FIN. 

MON. 

AMB, GAP, NES, WTH. 

MON. 

USB. 
JCC. 

ENJ, UCC. 
REM. 
CEL. 

HK, MON. 
FIS. 

X. 

PLB. 
GAP. 
GAP. 
GAP. 
GAP. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



223 



TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC 
Cellulose Esters and Ethers 

*Cellulose esters: 

*CelIulose acetate 

Cellulose acetate butyrate 

Cellulose acetate propionate 

Cellulose propionate 

Nitrocellulose (Cellulose nitrate) 

*Cellulose ethers: 

Ethylhydroxyethylcellulose 

Hydroxyethylcellulose 

Hydroxypropylcellulose 

Methyl cellulose : 

*Sodiuin carboxymethylcellulose, 100% 

All other 

Lubricating Oil Additives 

*Phosphorodithioates (Dithiophosphates) : 

Zinc di(butylhexyl) phosphorodithioate 

Zinc dihexyl phosphorodithioate 

All other 

Sulfurized lard oil 

Sulfurized sperm oil 

All other 

Nitrogenous Compounds 

Acetamide 

Acetamidine hydrochloride 

Acetamidoethanol (N-Acetyl-ethanolamine) 

Acetonitrile 

*Acrylonitrile 

Adiponitrile 

l-Allyl-3-di(2-hydroxyethyl5 thiourea 

l-Allyl-3-(2-hydroxyethyl3-2-thiourea 

Allyl isothiocyanate, non-flavor grade 

* Amines: 

Allylamines 

2-Amino-octane 

*Butylamines: 

*n-Butylaiiiine, mono- 

*Di-n-butylamine 

Diisobutylamine 

sec-Butylamine, mono- 

tert-Butylamine, mono- 

Tri-n-butylamine 

n-Butylethylamine 

n-Butylmethylamine 

Diethylaminoethylamine 

*Diethylenetriamine 

N.N-Diethylethylenediamine 

N ,N -Diethyl-!, 4-pentanediamine (Novoldiamine)- 

Diethylarainopropylamine 

Dimethylaminopropylamine 

1,3-Dimethylbutylajnine 

Dipropylenetriamine 

Ethylamines: 

*Diethyl amine 

Diethylamine hydrochloride 

*Ethylamine, mono- 

*Triethylamine 

*Ethylenediamine 



AV, CEL, DUP, EKT. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

CEL. 

DUP, HPC. 



BUK, DUP, HPC, KON, WMP, WYN. 
UCC. 



ORO. 
MON. 

ENJ, LUB, SOI, x. 
CCW, NLC, WBG. 
CCW. 

ALX', CCW, ENJ, GOC, HK, LUB, MON, NLC, ORO, 
SOI, TX. 



ACS. 








MRK. 








RBC. 








EKX, 


SOH. 






ACY, 


BFG, 


DUP, 


MON, SOH 


DUP, 


MON. 






IDC. 








FMT, 


IDC. 






ARS. 








SHC. 








PAS. 








PAS, 


UCC, 


VGC. 




PAS, 


UCC, 


VGC. 




ESC, 


VGC. 






VGC. 








MON, 


RH. 






PAS, 


UCC, 


VGC. 




PAS. 








UCC. 








PD. 








DOW, 


JCC, 


UCC. 




ALB, 


CGY. 






SDH. 








UCC. 








JCC, 


UCC. 






PAS. 








UCC. 








DUP, 


ESC, 


PAS, 


UCC, VGC. 


BKL. 








ESC, 


PAS, 


UCC, 


VGC. 


ESC, 


PAS, 


UCC, 


VGC. 


DOW, 


JCC, 


UCC. 





224 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2.- 



-Mlscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 19 70- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC- -Continued 

Nitrogenous Compounds--Continued 

•Amines- -Continue'' 

Ethyl enediamine salts 

(2-Ethylhexyl)aniine, mono- 

*1,6-Hexanediamine (Hexamethyl enediamine) 

n-Hexylamine 

3,3' -Iminobispropyl amine 

Isopropylamines : 
*Diisopropylamine 

Isopropylamines, mono 

Methylamines: 

•Dimethylamine 

Dimethylamine hydrochloride 

Dimethylamine sulfate 

*Methylamine, mono- 

Methylamine hydrochloride 

*Trimethylamine 

n-Octylamine, mono- 

Pentaethylenehexamine 

Pentylamines (Amylamines) : 

Dipenty lamina 

Pentylamine, mono- 

Polyalkylene polyamines 

Polyethyleneimine 

1,2-Propanediajiiine (Propylenediamine) 

1,3-Propanediamine (1,3-Diaminopropane) 

Propylamines: 

*Dipropylamine 

Propylamine, mono- 

Tripropylamine 

Tetraethylenepent amine 

N,N,N'-N'-Tetramethyl-l,3-butanediaraine 

Tetramethylethylenediamine 

*Triethylenetetramine 

Other amines 

2-Aiiiino-l-butanol 

2-Aminoethanethiol C2-Mercaptoethylamine) hydro- 
chloride. 

2-Aininoethanol (Monoethanolamine) hydrochloride 

2-Aminoethanol (Monoethanolamine) sulfite 

Aminoethoxyethanol 

*2- (2-Aminoethylamino)ethanol (Arainoethylethanolamine)- 
2-Aminoethyl mercaptoacetate (Monoethanolamine thio- 
glycolate) . 

2-Amino-2-ethyl-l,3-propanediol 

Aminoguanidine bicarbonate 

2-Amino-2- (hydroxymethyl)-l,3-propanediol (Tris- 
(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane) . 

2-Amino-2-methyI-l,3-propanediol 

2-Amino-2-methyl-l-propanol 

2-Amino-l-propanol 

3-Amino-l-propanol 

3-Aminopropionitrile (3-Cyanopropylamine) 

3-Amino-l-propylaminoethanol (N-Hydroxyethylpropanedi- 
amine) . 

*1,1 '-Azobisformamide 

2,2'-Azobis[2-methylpropionitriIe] (Azobisisobutyro- 
nitrile) . 

Bilirubin 

Bis[dimethylaminoethyl] etljer 



EK, NES. 








VGC. 








CRL, DUP, 


ELP, 


MON. 




VGC. 








JCC. 








ESC, PAS, 


UCC, 


VGC. 




ESC, PAS, 


UCC, 


VGC. 




COM, DUP, 


ESC, 


GAP. 




CFC, EK. 








RH. 








COM, DUP, 


ESC, 


GAP. 




EK, RBC. 








COM, DUP, 


ESC, 


GAP. 




VGC. 








DOW, JCC. 








PAS, VGC. 








PAS. 








NLC. 








SNW. 








UCC. 








JCC, NTL. 








ESC, PAS, 


UCC, 


VGC. 




PAS, UCC, 


VGC. 






PAS, VGC. 








DOW, JCC, 


UCC. 






UCC. 








RH. 








DOW, JCC, 


UCC. 






ALB, ALD, 


DUP, 


EK, JCC, NTL, 


ONX, UCC 


ACY, COM. 








EVN. 








WSN. 








EVN, VND. 








JCC. 








DOW, HDG, 


JCC, 


UCC. 




EVN, HAB. 








COM. 








COM. 








COM. 








COM. 








COM. 








ALB, LIL. 








UCC. 








EKT. 








JCC. 








FMT, NPl, 


USR. 






DUP. 








PFN. 








UCC. 









MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



225 



TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 19 70- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
, [according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC- -Continued 

Nitrogenous Compounds --Continued 

1,3- Bis (hydroxymethyl) urea (Dimethylolurea) 

BisCtrimethyIsilyl)acetamide 

N-Bromoacetamide 

N- Bromosuccinimide (Succinibromimide) 

2,3-Butanedione monoxime 

2-Butanone oxime 

l-Butyl-3-ethyl-2-thiourea 

Butyl isocyanate 

Butryaldehyde oxime 

n- Butyronit r i le 

Caprolactam (2-Oxohexamethyleniniine) 

Chlorocholine chloride 

2-Chloro-N,N-dimethylethylajnine (Dimethylarainoethyl 

chloride. 

3-Chloro-N,N-dimethylpropylamine 

2-Chloro-N,N-dimethylpropylamine and hydrochloride 

3-Chloro-N,N-dimethylpropylamine hydrochloride 

2"- Chloro-l,l-dimethyltriethylamine C2-Diisopropylainino- 

ethyl chloride) hydrochloride. 

2-Chloroethylamine hydrochloride 

g-Chloroallyl-N-methylainine 

Chloro-N- (2-hydroxyethyl)acetamide 

N-Chlorosuccinimide (Succinichlorimide) 

2-ChIoro-N, N-diethylethylamine hydrochloride 

Choline base 

Choline bisulfite 

Coco nitrile 

Coconut oil acids - airanonium condensate 

Coconut oil amide 

Cottonseed oil nitrile 

Creatine and creatinine 

2-Cyanoacetamide 

Cyanoacetic acid 

Cyanoacetic acid, 2-ethylhexyl ester 

Cyanogen bromide 

2-Dibutylaminoethanol 

l,3-Dibutyl-2-thiourea 

1,4-Dicyanobutene 

Diethanolamine polyoxypropylene ether 

Diethoxyethylamine 

2-Diethylaminoethanol 

2-C2-Diethylaminoethoxy)ethanol 

2-Diethylajiiinoethyl methacrylate 

Diethylcarbamoyl chloride 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

N,N-Diethyldodecan amide 

Diethylhydroxy lamina 

l,3-Diethyl-2-thiourea 

Diisopropylaminoethanol 

2-Diisopropylaniinoethyl methacrylate 

Diisopropylammonium nitrite 

N,N-Dimethylacetamide 

*2-Dimethylaminoethanol 

3-Dimethylaminopropionitrile 

Dimethylarainoethyl methacrylate 

Dimethylamino-2-propanol 

Dimethylcarbamyl chloride 

N,N-Dimethylformamide 



CLV, 


X. 


PIC, 


WTC. 


ARA. 




ARA, 


SW. 


EK. 




ACP, 


ALB. 


PAS. 




OTC, 


UPJ. 


ACP. 




EKX. 




ACP, 


CNP, DEC, UCC. 


ACY. 




HEX, 


MCH, MRK, NES. 


SK. 




LIL, 


MCH. 


MCH, 


NES. 


MCH. 




NHS. 




LIL. 




KF. 




ARA. 




HEX, 


MCH. 


RH. 




WAY. 




ARC, 


ASH. 


PC. 




ARC. 




ASH. 




PFN. 





AAC, 


PAS. 


PAS, 


RBC. 


X. 




JCC. 




WYN. 




AAC, 


PAS, UCC 


PAS. 




DUP. 




FIS. 




EK. 




EK. 




PAS. 




PAS, 


RBC. 


PAS, 


UCC. 


DUP. 




OMC. 




DUP. 




AAC, 


DUP, PAS 


ACY. 




X. 




COM, 


PAS. 


CTN, 


OTC. 


DUP. 





226 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. 



-Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3] 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC- -Continued 

Nitrogenous Compounds --Covitirmei 

1 , 1 - D imethy Ihydr az ine 

Dithiooxamide 

2,5-Dithiobiurea 

*Erucainide 

*Ethanolamines: 

*2-Aminoethanol (Monoethanolamine) 

*2i2'-Iminodiethanol (Diethanol amine) 

*2,2',2' '-Nitrilotriethanol (Triethanolamine) 

Ethoxymethoxypropyl amine 

3-Ethoxypropionitrile 

Ethyl acetamidocyanoacetate 

Ethyl allyl (l-methyl-2-pentynyl)cyanoacetate 

2-Ethylaminoethanol (Ethylmonoethanolamine) 

Ethyl carbamate 

Ethyl carbodiimide hydrochloride 

Ethyl cyanoacetate 

N,N' -Ethylenebis-stearajnide 

Ethyl eneimine, monomer 

Ethyl eneimine, polymer 

N-Ethyl-N-hydroxyethyl-l,4-pentanediamine 

5- (N- Ethyl-N-hydroxyethyl amino) -2-pentanone 

Ethyl isocyanate 

Fish oil fatty acid amide 

Form amide 

Formamidine disulfide dihydrochloride 

Glycine (Aminoacetic acid) 

Glycine ethyl ester hydrochloride 

Glycolonitrile 

Guanidine hydrochloride 

4-Guanyl-l-nitrosoguanyl-l-tetrazine 

Hexamethylenediammonium adipate (Nylon salt) 

Hydracrylonitrile (Ethylene cyanohydrin) 

Hydroxy ethyl carb amate 

2- (Hydroxymethyl)-2-nitro-l,3-propanediol (Tris- 
(hydroxymethyl)nitromethane) . 

N-Hydroxymethy Is tear amide 

Hydroxypropy 1 carb amat e 

3,3 '-Iminodi-1,2 -propanediol 

Isobutyl cyanoacetate 

Isobutyronitrile 

Isopropanolamines : 

l-Amino-2-propanol (Monoisopropanol amine) 

1 , 1 ' -Iminodi-2-propanol (Diisopropanolamine) 

1, 1 ' ,1' '-Nitrilotri-2-propanol (Tri isopropanol amine) - 

3-Isopropoxypropionitrile 

3- Isopropoxypropy lamine 

2-Isopropylaminoethanol 

Isopropyl ethyl thionocarbamate 

Lactonitrile 

Lauronitrile (Dodecyl nitrile) 

Lysine diisocyanate methyl ester 

Malononitrile 

Methacryl amide 

Methacrylonitrile 

Methoxyamine hydrochloride 

3-Methoxypropy lamine 

N-Methylacetamide 



FMP. 
MAL. 
ACY. 
ARC, ASH, FIN, HUM. 



DOW, 

DOW, 

DOW, 

JCC. 

ACY. 

SOW. 

LIL. 

PAS. 

FMP. 

OTC. 

KF. 

CTN. 

DOW. 

AAC, 

SDW. 

SOW. 

OTC. 

ASH, 

DUP. 

WAY. 

CHT. 

BPC. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

REM. 

CEL, 

AAE, 

JCC. 

COM. 



JCC, MAT, OMC, SHC, UCC. 
JCC, MAT, OMC, SHC, UCC. 
JCC, MAT, OMC, SHC, UCC. 



DUP, MON. 
UCC. 



ICI. 

JCC. 

DUP. 

KF. 

EKX, ESC. 

DOW, UCC. 

DOW, UCC. 

DOW, UCC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

PAS. 

DOW. 

MON. 

ASH. 

MRK. 

KF, MTR. 

X, 

SOH. 
EK . 
JCC. 
EK. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



227 



TABLE 2. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

Nitrogenous Compounds--Continued 

2-Methylajninoethanol (N-Methylethanolamine) 

Methyl carbamate 

Methyl cyanoacetate 

Methyl a-cyanoacrylate 

N,N'-MethylenebisCacrylainide) 

N,N'-Methylenebis(octadecanainide) 

Methylenebis(thiocyanate) 

N-Methylglucamine 

Methyl isocyanate 

2,2'- (Methylimino)diethanol (Methyldiethanolamine) 

2-Methyllactonitrile (Acetone cyanohydrin) 

2-Methyl-2-nitro-l,3-propanediol 

2-Methyl-2-nitro-l-propanol 

Methylpolyethanolamine 

N-Methyl taurine 

*Nitriloacids and salts: 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid, monosodium 
hydrogen ferric salt . 
*(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid, pentasodium 
salt. 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid, sodium salt 

N,N-Dihydroxyethylglycine, sodium salt 

Ethanoldiglycine, disodium salt 

* (Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid (Ethylenediamine- 
tetraacetic acid) . 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, calcium di- 
sodium salt. 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium salt 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium copper 
salt, dihydrate. 
* (Ethylenedinitrilojtetraacetic acid, disodium zinc 
salt, dihydrate. 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, manganese salt 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, monosodium iron 

salt. 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetraammonium 

salt. 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetrapotassium 
salt. 
* (Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetrasodium salt- 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, trisodium salt 

(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo)triacetic acid, iron 
salt. 
* (N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo)triacetic acid, 
trisodium salt. 

Nitrilotriacetic acid 

Nitrilotriacetic acid, trisodium salt 

Nitrilotriacetic acid, zinc salt 

Other 

2-Nitro-l-butanol 

Nitroethane . 

Nitromethane 

1-Nitropropane 

2-Nitropropane 



UCC. 




BKL, FMP. 




KF. 




EKT. 




ACY, SOH. 




NLC. 




OTC, UCC. 




PAS, UCC. 




RH, X. 




COM. 




COM. 




GAF. 




GAF. 




HMP. 




CGY. 




CGY, DOW, 


HMP. 


CGY, RPC. 




DOW, HMP. 




HMP. 




CGY, DOW, 


HMP. 


CGY, DOW. 




CGY, DOW, 


EK, HMP, RPC 


CGY, HMP. 




CGY, DOW, 


HMP. 


CGY, HMP. 




CGY, HMP. 





CGY 
CGY 
HMP 



HMP 
CGY 
HMP 
ALD 
COM 
COM 
COM 
COM 
COM 



CRT, DOW, HMP, HRT, RPC. 
HMP. 

CRT, DOW, HMP. RPC. 

DOW, HMP, MON. 
EK, CGY, HMP, WAY. 



228 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970--Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

Nitrogenous Compounds --CorAimiei 

Nylon, 6 and 6/6 polymer for fiber 

Octadecyl isocyanate 

Octadecyloxymethyltriethylammonium chloride 

Oleamide (Octadecene amide) 

Oleic acid, amine condensates 

Oleonitrile (Octadecene nitrile) 

Oleoylpalmitamide 

*Pentaerythritol tetranitrate 

Pentyl nitrate (Amyl nitrate) 

Poly aery lamide 

Polyacrylonitrile 

Polyoxyalkylene amines 

n- Propyl carbamate 

Propyl isocyanate 

Propyl nitrate 

Quaternary ammonium compounds 

Ricinolamide 

*Sarcosine (N-Methylaminoacetic acid) 

Semicarbazide base 

Semicarbazide hydrochloride 

*Stearamide (Octadecane amide) 

'Stearic acid - ethylenediamine condensate (amine/aci 
ratio=l/2). 

Stearonitrile (Octadecanenitrile) 

Stearylerucamide 

Succinimide 

Tallow amide, hydrogenated 

Tallow nitrile 

Tallow nitrile, hydrogenated 

Tetracyanoethylene 

N,N,N' ,N'-Tetrakis(2-hydroxypropyl)ethylenediamine-- 

Tetramethylguanidine 

3,3'-Thiodipropionitrile 

Thiosemicarbazide -- 

*Urea in compounds or mixtures, 100% basis: 

*In feed compounds 

*In liquid fertilizer 

*In solid fertilizer 

In plastics 

All other 

Urea - urethane copolymer 

All other nitrogenous compounds 



Acids, Acid Anhydrides, and Acyl Halides 

*Acetic acid, synthetic, 100% 

*Acetic anhydride, 100%: 

From ace t aldehyde 

From acetic acid 

From ethylene 

* Aery lie acid 



ALF, 


DEC, 


DUP, 


MON. 


CWN, 


MOB, 


UPJ. 




DAN. 








ARC, 


ASH, 


FIN, 


HUM. 


CCW, 


GAF, 


GLY. 




ARC, 


ASH. 






FIN. 








COM, 


DUP, 


HPC. 




TNA. 








ACY, 


HPC, 


NLC. 




DUP. 








JCC, 


NLC, 


UCC. 




BKL. 








OTC. 








TNA. 








EK, 


RSA, 


WAY. 




TKL. 








CGY, 


GAF, 


HMP. 




FMT. 








FMT. 








ARC, 


ASH, 


FIN, 


HUM. 


CCW, 


DA, 


GLY, 


HUM, ICI 


ASH. 








FIN. 








ASH. 








ARC, 


HUM. 






ARC, 


ASH. 






ARC, 


ASH. 






KF, 


NCA. 






WYN. 








ACY. 








HAB. 








ACY, 


FMT. 







ACN, ACY, AGY, DUP, FTX, GCC, JDC, MSC, PPC, SHC, 

SOH, TER, TRI, VLN, WYC . 
ACN, AGY, AKL, APD, ARM, BOR, CFA, CHN, CNC, DUP, 

ESC, FCA, FTX, GCC, GDC, HKY, HPC, JDC, MSC, OMC, 

PLC, PPC, SHC, SM, SNI, SOH, TER, TRI, VLN, WYC' 
ACN, ACY, AGY, AKL, COL, DUP, GCC, GOC, HPC, JDC, 

MON, MSC, OMC, PPC, SHC, SNO, SOH, TER, TRI, VLN, 

WYC. 
ACN, DUP, MON. 
ACN, BOR, CNC, DUP, HPC, MSC, SHC, SNO, 

TER, WYC. 
DUP. 
AAC, ABB, ACY, ALD, ARC, BKL, DUP, EK, EVN, JCC, GAF, 

GNM, IDC, KF, LIL, MOB, MRK, NLC, OTC, PCW, PFZ, 

PIC, RSA, S, SNW, UCC, USB, x, x. 



BOR, GEL, EKT, FI4P, HPC, MON, PUB, UCC. 



HPC. 

GEL, EKT, FMP. 

UCC. 

BFG, CEL, DBG, UCC. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



229 



TABLE 2. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 
Acids, Acid Anhydrides, and Acyl HaZides--Continued 

*Adipic acid 

Azelaic acid 

Behenic acid 

BroDiinated fatty acids 

Bromoacetic acid 

Bromobutyric acid 

tert-Butylacetyl chloride 

tert-Butylperoxymaleic acid 

Butylstannoic acid 

* Butyric acid 

Butyric anhydride 

Butyryl chloride 

Castor oil fatty acids, dehydrated 

Chloroacetic acid, mono- 

Chloroacetyl chloride 

Citric acid 

Crotonic acid (2-Butenoic acid) 

Decanoyl chloride 

Di-n-propylacetic acid and chloride-- 

Dipropylmalonic acid 

Dodecanedioic acid 

Dodecenylsuccinic acid 

*Dodecenylsuccinic anhydride 

Dodecylsuccinic anhydride 

2-Ethylbutyric acid (Diethylacetic acid) 

2-Ethylhexanoic acid (c-Ethylcaproic acid) 

2-Ethylhexanoyl chloride 

Formic acid, 90% 

*Fumaric acid 

Gluconic acid, tech 

Glutaric anhydride 

Glycolic acid (Hydroxyacetic acid) 

n-Hexadecenylsuccinic anhydride 

Isethionic acid C2-Hydroxyethanesulfonic acid) 

Isoascorbic acid 

Isobutyric acid 

Isobutyric anhydride 

Isobutyl chloride 

Iso-octanoic acid 

Itaconic acid (Methylenesuccinic acid) 

2-Keto-D-gluconic acid 

Lactic acid 

*Lauroyl chloride 

Levulinic acid 

Maleic acid 

*Maleic anhydride 

Malic acid 

Malonic acid 

Mercaptoacetic acid (Thioglycolic acid) 

3-Mercaptopropionic acid 

Mercaptosuccinic acid CThiomalic acid) 

Methacrylic acid 

Methanesulfonic acid 

2-Methylvaleric acid C2-Methylpentanoic acid) 

Neodecanoic acid 

Neodecanoyl chloride 

Neopentanoic acid 

Nonanoic acid [Pelargonic acid) 

Nonenylsuccinic anhydride 

Octadecylphosphonic acid 



ACP, 
EMR. 
ASH. 
DUP. 
MCH. 
GTL. 
ALD. 
WTL. 
CCW. 
CEL, 
EKT, 



CEL, DBC, DUP, ELP, MON, RH. 



BUK, 
DOW, 
MLS, 
EKT. 
WTC, 
CTN. 
CTN. 

X. 

HMY. 

ACS, 

HN. 

UCC. 

EKT, 

WTC, 

DUP, 

ACS, 

DLI, 

UCC. 

DUP, 

HMY. 

GAP. 

MRK, 

EKT. 

EKT. 

WTL. 

UCC. 

PFZ. 

MRK. 

CLN, 

CAD, 

QKO. 

ACS, 

ACS, 

ACS, 

KF. 

EVN, 

EVN. 

EVN. 

DUP, 

EK, 

UCC. 

ENJ. 

WTC. 

ENJ. 

EMR, 

HMY. 

SM. 



EKT, UCC. 
UCC. 

NTL. 
, DOW, HPC, MON. 

WTC. 
, PFZ, WTC. 

WTL. 



HMY, MON. 



UCC. 

WTL. 

UCC. 

HN, MON, NTL, PCC, PFZ; 

PFZ. 

SNW. 



MON. 

GAF, HK, PFN, TEK^ UOP, WTC, WTL, x. 

PFN, PFZ. 

HN, KPS, MON, PCC, PTT, RCI. 

BK. 



RH. 
PAS. 



230 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. 



-Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLlC--Continued 
Aoids, Acid Anhydrides, and Aayl Halides- -Continued 

Octanoyl chloride 

Octenylsuccinic anhydride r-- 

Oleoyl chloride 

Oxalic acid 

Oxalyl chloride 

*Palmitoyl chloride 

Peroxyacetic acid 

Pivaloyl chloride 

*Polyacrylic acid 

Polygalacturonic acid 

* Propionic acid ' 

Propionic anhydride 

Propionyl chloride 

Sebacic acid 

Sorbic acid (2,4-Hexadienoic acid) 

Succinic acid 

Succinic anhydride 

d-Tartaric acid 

Tetrahydroxysuccinic acid (Dioxytartaric acid) 

Thioacetic acid 

Thiolactic acid 

3,3'-Thiodiprooionic acid 

Trichloroacetic acid 

Valeric acid 

All other 



Salts of Organic Acids 

* Acetic acid salts: 

Aluminum acetate 

Ammonium acetate 

Ammonium titanyl acetate 

Barium acetate 

Butyltin acetates 

Cadmium acetate 

Calcium acetate 

Chromium acetate 

Cobalt acetate 

* Copper acetate 

Lead acetate 

Lead subacetate 

Lead tetraacetate 

Magnesium acetate 

Manganese acetate 

Mercuric acetate 

Nickel acetate 

* Potassium acetate 

Silver acetate 

* Sodium acetate 

Sodium diacetate 

Strontium acetate 

*Zinc acetate 

* Zirconium acetate 

Other 

Acrylic acid, sodium salt 

Adipic acid, ammonium salt 

Allylsulfonic acid, sodium salt 



HK. 
HMY. 

GAP , HRT , UOP . 
ACS, MAL, PFZ. 
ALD. 

GAP, OPC, PD, UOP. 
FMB, UCC. 
WTC, OTL. 
AAE, DA, RH. 
SKG. 

CEL, COM, EKT, UCC. 
EKT, UCC. 
EK, UOP. 
RH, WTH. 
UCC. 

ACS, BKC. 
ACS. 
BKC. 
ACY. 

EK, EVN. 
EVN. 

CCW, EVN, HAB. 
DOW. 
UCC. 

ABB, ACY, ALD, DUP, EK, ENJ, GAP, HMY, PIC, RH, UCC, 
WTC, X, X. 



ACY, 


UCC, 


WTC. 






ACS, 


BKC, 


MAL. 






DUP. 










ACS, 


BKC. 








CCW, 


X. 








MAL, 


SHP. 








ACS, 


MAL. 








ACY. 










BKC, 


HSH, 


SHP. 






ACS, 


BKC, 


SHP, 


UCC. 




BKC, 


MAL. 








ACS, 


BKC, 


MAL. 






ARA. 










ACS, 


BKC. 








HSH, 


SHP. 








MAL. 










BKC, 


HSH, 


SHP. 






ACS, 


BKC, 


CWL, 


MAL, 


UCC. 


MAL. 










ACS, 


BKC, 


CEL, 


DAN, 


EKT, MAL 


UCC. 










BKC. 










ACS, 


BKC, 


HSH, 


MAL, 


SHP, UCC 


HSH, 


NTL, 


TZC. 






CCA, 


CCW, 


X. 






AAE. 










FIS. 










NES. 











MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



231 



TABLE 2. 



-Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 
Salts of Organic 4ei<is--Gdntinued 

Chloroacetic acid, sodium salt 

Citric acid salts: 

Ammonium citrate 

Calcium citrate 

Ferric ammonium citrate 

Ferric citrate 

Potassium citrate 

Sodium citrate 

Di-n-propylacetic acid, sodium salt 

2-Ethylhexanoic acid (a-Ethylcaproic acid) salts: 

Aluminum 2-ethylhexanoate 

Barium 2-ethylhexanoate 

Cadmium 2-ethylhexanoate 

*Calcium 2-ethylhexanoate 

*Cobalt 2-ethylhexanoate 

Copper 2-ethylhexanoate 

Iron 2-ethylhexanoate 

*Lead 2-ethylhexanoate 

*Manganese 2-ethylhexanoate 

Nickel 2-ethylhexanoate 

Potassium 2-ethylhexanoate 

Rare earths 2-ethylhexanoate 

Strontium 2-ethylhexanoate 

*Zinc 2-ethylhexanoate 

*Zirconium 2-ethylhexanoate 

Other 

Formic acid salts: 

Aluminum formate 

Ammonium f ormat e 

Calcium formate 

Chromic formate 

Copper formate 

Lead formate 

Sodium formate, refined 

Sodium formate, tech 

Glucoheptonic acid salts: 

Sodium glucoheptonate 

Zinc glucoheptonate 

Gluconic acid salts: 

Ammonium gluconate 

* Sodium gluconate 

Glycolic acid, aluminum salt 

9H-Hexadecaf luorononanoic acid, ammonium salt 

Humic acids, sodium salts 

Isoascorbic acid, sodium salt 

►Lactic acid salts: 

Ammonium lactate 

Calcium lactate 

Other 

Laurie acid salts: 

Barium cadmium laurate 

Dibutyltin dilaurate 

Zinc laurate 

Linoleic acid salts: 

Calcium linoleate 

Cobalt linoleate 

Copper linoleate 

Lead linoleate 

Manganese linoleate 



DOW. 

MAL, PFZ. 

PFZ. 

MAL, PFZ. 

MAL. 

MLS, PFZ. 

DAN, MLS, NES, PFZ, SNW. 

CTN. 



PFZ, 
CCA, 
CCA, 

cca; 

CCA, 
CCA, 
CCA, 
CCA, 
CCA, 
MCI. 
CCA. 
CCA. 
CCA. 
CCA, 

cca; 

EK, 



WTC. 
PFZ. 
PFZ. 

ccc, fer; hnx, hsh," mci; sw,' tro! 

CGC; fer; hnx,' hsh; mci; srr; sw,' otc. 

srr. 

mci. 

ccc; hnx, hsh, mci', ntl) srr. wtc. 

hnx, mci, wtc. 



hnx, hsh, mci, srr, wpc. 
ccc, hnx, tro, wtc. 

WTC, X. 



WSN. 

ACS, RSA. 
COM. 
GAF. 
CTN. 
NTL. 

ACS, BKC, 
COM, HPC. 

PFN. 
PFN. 

PFZ. 

CWL, DLI, PFZ, PMP. 

CIB. 

DUP. 

NLC. 

MRK. 

TCC. 
SHF. 
EK, PFN, REH, WTC. 

CCA, X. 
CCA, X. 
SNW. 

CCA, SHP. 
HSH, SHP. 
SHP. 
SHP. 
SDH, SHP. 



232 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS,. ACYCLIC--Continued 

Salts of Organic ;4ei(is--Continued 

Maleic acid salts: 

Dibutyltin maleate 

Lead (tribasic) maleate 

Malonic acid, calcium salt 

*Mercaptoacetic acid (Thioglycolic acid) salts: 

Ammonium mercaptoacetate 

Ant imony mercaptoacetate 

Calcium mercaptoacetate 

Dibutyltin mercaptoacetate 

Potassium mercaptoacetate 

Sodium mercaptoacetate 

Mercaptopropionic acid, dibutyltin salt 

Methacrylic acid, sodium salt 

Methylsuccinic acid, disodium salt 

Neodecanoic acid salts: 

Cadmium neodecanoate 

Calcium neodecanoate 

Cobalt neodecanoate 

Copper neodecanoate 

Lead neodecanoate 

Lithium neodecanoate 

Manganese neodecanoate 

Zinc neodecanoate 

Zirconium neodecanoate 

*Octanoic acid (Caprylic acid) salts: 

Aluminum octanoate 

Barium cadmium octanoate 

Stannous octanoate 

Zinc octanoate 

Other 

*01eic acid salts: 

Aluminum oleate 

Ammonium oleate 

Barium zinc oleate 

Chromium oleate 

Copper oleate 

Lead oleate 

Stannous oleate 

Oxalic acid salts: 

Ammonium oxalate 

Ferric ammonium oxalate 

Ferric oxalate 

Ferric sodium oxalate 

Potassiumbinoxalate 

Potassium oxalate 

Sodium oxalate 

Palmitic acid salts: 

Aluminum palmitate 

Zinc palmitate 

Other 

Phosphorodithioic acid salts (Dithiophosphates) : 

Sodium di-sec-butyl diethyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium di-sec-butyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium diethyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium dihexyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium diisopropyl phosphorodithioate 

Other 

*Polyacrylic acid salts: 

Ammonium polyacrylate 

Potassium polyacrylate 

Sodium polyacrylate 



CCA, 


x. 


NTL. 




GIV. 




EVN, 


HAB, TNI. 


CCA. 




EVN. 




CCA. 




EVN. 




EVN. 




CCA, 


X. 


AAE. 




SDW. 




CCA. 




CCA, 


MCI. 


MCI. 




MCI. 




MCI. 




MCI. 




MCI. 




CCA, 


MCI. 


MCI. 




DA. 




CCA. 




CCW, 


X. 


BKC. 




DA. 




WTC. 




MCI. 




m-c. 




SHP. 




SHP, 


WTC. 


SHP. 




CCW, 


X. 


ACS, 


PFZ. 


PFZ. 




BKL, 


PFZ. 


PFZ. 




BKC. 




BKC, 


PFZ. 


BKC, 


MAL. 


DA, 


WTC. 


ACY, 


DA, WTC. 


DA. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




BFG. 




BFG. 




ALC, 


BFG, DA, 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



233 



TABLE 2. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

Salts of Organic 4ctds--Continued 

Polymethacrylic acid, sodium salt 

Propionic acid salts: 

*CaIcium propionate 

* Sodium propionate 

Zinc propionate 

Ricinoleic acid salts: 

Calcium ricinoleate 

Lithium ricinoleate 

Sodium ethyl oxalacetate 

Sodium polypectate 

Sodium sorbitol borate 

Sorbic acid salts: 

Potassium sorbate 

*Stearic acid salts: 
'Aluminum stearates: 

*Aluminum distearate 

*Aluminum monostearate 

*Aluminum tristearate 

Ammonium stearate 

Barium stearate 

*Cadmium stearate 

*Calciura stearate 

Copper stearate 

Ferric stearate 

Ferrous stearate 

Lead stearate 

'Lithium stearate 

'Magnesium stearate 

Manganese stearate 

Nickel stearate 

Strontium stearate 

*Zinc stearate '■ 

All other 

Succinic acid, sodium salt 

Tartaric acid salts: 

Antimony potassium tartrate 

Potassium bitartrate 

Potassium sodium tartrate 

Sodium bitartrate 

Vinylsulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Xanthic acid salts: 

Potassium ethylxanthate 

Potassium hexylxanthate 

Potassium isopropylxanthate 

Potassium pentylxanthate 

Sodium n-butylxanthate 

Sodium sec-butylxanthate 

Sodium ethylxanthate 

Sodium isobutylxanthate 

Sodium isopropylxanthate 

All other ,-. 

All other salts of organic acids 

Aldehydes and Ketones 

*Acetaldehyde 

'Acetone: 

'From cumene 

From isopropyl alcohol 

Other 



HFT, PFZ, UCC, WSN. 
HFT, PFZ, UCC, WSN. 
BKC. 

NTL. 
NTL. 
FMP. 
SKG. 
APD. 

UCC. 



ACY, DA, JTC, 


MAL, 


NOC 


SYP 


WTC. 


DA, MAL, SYP, 


WTC 








DA, MAL, NOC, 


SYP. 








DA, MCI, NOC, 


WTC. 








DA, NOC, SYP. 










DA, NOC, SYP, 


WTC. 








acy; da; hnx. 


JTC, 


MAL 


NOC 


SYP; WTC 


NOC. 










MCI. 










NOC, WTC. 










DA, MCI, NOC, 


WTC. 








DA, NOC, SYP, 


wrc. 








ACY, DA,' JTC, 


MAL, 


NOC 


SYP 


WTC. 


NOC. 










nrrc. 










MAL. 










ACY, CCA, DA, 


HNX, 


JTC 


MAL' 


NOC, SYP 


APD; DA', NOC, 


SYP, 


WTC. 






MAL. 










PFZ. 










ACY. 










PFZ. 










PFZ. 










X. 










ACY, DOW. 










DOW. 










DOW. 










ACY, DOW. 










KCC, USR. 










ACY, DOW. 










ACY, DOW. 










DOW. 










DOW. 










ACY. 










CCW,' DA", EK, 


FIN, 


KCH, 


NTL, 


PD., , RSA . 



CEL, DUP, EKT, EKX, MON, PUB, SHC, UCC. 

ACP, CLK, HPC, MON, PCC, SHC, SKO, SOC, UCC. 

EKT, ENJ, SHC, UCC. ' 

CEL, DIX; HPC. 



234 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. 



-Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 
Aldehydes and Xetones--Continued 

Acetone, crude 

Acrolein (Acrylaldehyde) 

Aldol (Acetaldol) 

*2-Butanone (Methyl ethyl ketone) 

But yr a Idehyde 

e-Caprolactone 

Chloral (Trichloroacet aldehyde) 

5-Chloro-2-pentanone 

l-Chloro-l-penten-3-one (B-Chlorovinyl ethyl ketone) - 

Chloro-2-propanone (Chloroacetone) 

Crotonaldehyde 

l,4-Dihydroxy-2-butanone 

l,3-Dihydroxy-2-propanone (Dihydroxyacetone) 

Diisopropyl ketone (2,4-Diniethyl-3-pentanone) 

2 -Ethylbutyr aldehyde 

2-Ethylhexanal (a-Ethylcaproaldehyde) 

2-Ethyl-2-hexen-l-al (2-Ethyl-3-propylacrolein) 

Ethyl ideneacetone 

*Formaldehyde (37% by weight) 

Glutaraldehyde 

Glyoxal 

2-Heptanone (Methyl amyl ketone) 

3-Heptanone (Ethyl butyl ketone) 

Hexadienal 

Hexaldehyde 

2 , 5-Hexanedi one (Acetony lacetone) 

2 -Hydroxy- 2-iiiethyl-3-butanone 

*4-Hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone (Diacetone alcohol)--- 

Isobutyraldehyde 

Isopentaldehyde, mixed isomers 

Isovalerone (Diisobutyl ketone) 

Methacrylaldehyde (Methacrolein) 

4-Methoxy-4-methy 1-2 -pent anone 

2 -Met hylbutyra Idehyde 

5-Methyl-2-hexanone (Methyl isoarayl ketone) 

Methyl hexenone 

*4-Methyl-2-pentanone (Methyl isobutyl ketone) 

Methy Ipent enal ,- 

4-Methyl-3-penten-2-one (Mesityl oxide) 

Methy Ipseudoionone 

2-Methylvaleraldehyde (2 -Methy Ipent aldehyde) 

Paraformaldehyde 

Paraldehyde (Paracetaldehyde) 

2,4-Pentanedione (Acety lacetone) 

2-Pentanone (Methyl propyl ketone) 

Propionaldehyde 

Pseudoionone 

Tetrahydropseudoionone 

2,6,8-Trimethyl-4-nonanone (Isobutyl heptyl ketone)-- 

Valeraldehyde 

All other 

Alcohols, Monohydpio, Unsubstituted 

*Alcohols Cg or lower, unmixed: 

Allyl alcohol 

Amyl alcohols: 

2-Methyl-l-butanol 

2-Methyl-2-butanol (tert-Amyl alcohol) 

1-Pentanol 

2-Pentanol 



OCC. 

SHC, UCC. 

UCC. 

ATR, CEL,' Dix; EKTJ ENJ,' SHC,' UCC.' 

CEL, EKX, UCC. 

UCC. 

DA, FMB, MTO. 

SDW. 

X. 

EK. 

CEL, EKT, UCC. 

GAP. 

BAX. 

EKX. 

UCC. 

EKX, UCC. 

UCC. 

UCC. , 

ACN,' BOR; CBC, CBD] CEL', COM, DUP', GAP, GOC, HKD, 

hn; hpc; mon, rci; rh,' ucc,' wcl. 

UCC. 

UCC. 

LCI, UCC. 

UCC. 

UCC. 

GIV. 

RBC, UCC. 

LIL. 

CEL, SHC, UCC. 

EKX, UCC. 

UCC. 

EKT, UCC. 

UCC. 

SHC. 

UCC. 

EKT, UCC. 

UCC. 

EKT, ENJ, SHC, UCC, 

UCC. 

SHC, UCC. 

GIV. 

UCC. 

CEL, HN. 

UCC. 

UCC. 

UCC. 

EKX, UCC. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

UCC. 

UCC. 

ALD, ARC, CEL, EK, HEX. 



DOW, FMP, SHC. 

UCC. 
SHC. 
UCC. 
UCC. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



235 



TABLE 2. 



-Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

Alcohols, Monohydria, Unsubstituted 

*Alcohols Cg or lower, unmixed--Continued 
Butyl alcohols: 
Primary: 

*Iso (Isopropylcarbinol) 

*Normal (n- Propylcarbinol) 

Secondary (Methylethylcarbinol) 

Tertiary (Trimethylcarbinol) 

2,6-Dimethyl-4-heptanol (Diisobutylcarbinol) 

*Ethyl alcohol, synthetic 

*2-Ethyl-l-hexanol 

2-Ethyl-4-methyl-l-pentanol 

Heptyl alcohol 

*Hexyl alcohol 

Hexynol 

*Iso-octyl alcohols 

*Isopropyl alcohol 

*Methanol, synthetic 

2-Methyl-3-butyn-2-ol 

4-Methyl-2-pentanol (1-Methylisobutylcarbinol) 

3-Methyl-l-pentyn-3-ol (Methylparafynol) 

*1-Octanol 

*2-0ctanol (sec-Capryl alcohol) 

Octanols, other 

*Propyl alcohol (Propanol) 

2-Propyn-l-ol 

All other 

*Alcohols Ciu or higher, unmixed: 

*Decyl alcohols 

3,9-Diethyl-6-tridecanol 

3,6-Diinethyl-3-octanol 

Dodecyl alcohol (Lauryl alcohol) (95%) 

4-Ethyl-l-octyn-3-ol 

*l-Hexadecanol (Cetyl alcohol) (95%) 

*Hexadecyl alcohols, other 

*1-Octadecanol (Stearyl alcohol) (95%) 

cis-9-Octadecen-l-ol (Oleyl alcohol) -- 

Tetradecyl alcohols 

1-Tridecanol 

2,6,8-Trimethyl-4-nonanol 

All other 

*Mixtures of alcohols: 
*C9 and lower only: 

Amyl alcohols 

Other 

*Cio and higher only 

•Cs to Ci2 and others 

Polyhydrio Aloohols and Their Esters and Ethers 

*Polyhydric alcohols: 

1,3-Butanediol 

1,4-Butanediol 

1,2,4-Butanetriol - 

2-Butene-l,4-diol 

2-Butyne-l,4-diol 

3-Chloro-l,2-propanediol (Glycerol a-chlorohydrin)- 

2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-hexanediol 

2,5-Dimethyl-3-hexyne-2,5-diol 

2,2-Diinethyl-l,3-propanediol (Neopentyl glycol) 



dbc, ekx, shc, ucc. 

cel; co; dbc; ekx; enj,' shc,' tna, ucC 

ENJ, SHC. 

SHC, x. 

UCC . 

cel; EKX, ENJ, HPC; PUBj SHC, UCC, USI. 

CEL, DBC, EKX, ENJ, SHC, UCC. 

EKX. 

EKX. 

CO, EKX, ENJ, PC, TNA, UCC. 

cue. 

ENJ, HOU, PCC, TID, UCC. 
ENJ, SHC, UCC. 

acn; bor, cel; com,' dup; ESC, Goc; m', HPc; mon; 

rh; ucc 
cue. 

SHC. 

cue. 

CO, OTH. 

RH. 



EKX 


GOC, iff; pg; 




CEL 


EKX, UCC. 




GAF 






cue. 


EK, GYR, ucc; 




CO," 


ENJ, HOU, PCC, PG, 


TID, 


UCC. 






cue 






CO. 






cue 






ASH 


CO, GIV, PG. 




ENJ 






ASH 


CO, PG. 




ASH 


DUP. 




CO, 


ENJ, PG, UCC. 




ENJ, 


GOC, TID. 




UCC. 






GOC. 






gEL, 


ENJ, PUB, UCC. 




CEL, 


EKX. 




ASH, 


CO,' ENj; PG, SHC; 


tna; 


CO,- 


EKx; Goc; pg; tna: 





GAF, x. 
GAF. 
GAF. 
GAF, x. 
EVN. 

cue. 
cue. 

EKX. 



236 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. 



-Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC- -Continued 

PolyhydFia Alcohols and Tifeir Esters 
and Ethers — Continued 

Polyhydric alcohols--Continued 
*Ethylene glycol 

2-Ethyl-l,3-hexanediol 

2-Ethyl-2- Chydroxymethyl)-l,3-propanediol (Tri- 
methylol propane J . 

*Glycerol, synthetic 

1,2,5-Hexanetriol 

2- (Hydroxymethyl)-2-methyl-l,3-propanediol (Tri- 
methylolethane) . 

Mannitol 

3-Mercapto-l,2-propanediol (Thioglycerol) 

2-Methyl-2,4-pentanediol (Hexylene glycol) 

2-Methyl-2-propyl-l,3-propanediol 

*Pentaerythritol 

♦Propylene glycol (1,2-Propanediol) 

'Sorbitol 

2,2,4-Trimethyl-l,3-pentanediol 

All other 

*Polyhydric alcohol esters: 

1,3-Butanediol dimethacrylate 

2- (2-Butoxyethoxy)ethyl acetate 

2-Butoxyethyl acetate 

Diethylene glycol chloroformate 

2- (2-Ethoxyethoxy) ethyl acetate 

2-Ethoxyethyl acetate 

Ethylene glycol diacetate 

Ethylene glycol dimercaptoacetate 

Ethylene glycol dimethacrylate 

Ethylene glycol hydroxyacetate 

2-Ethyl-2- Chydroxyinethyl)-l,3-propanediol triacrylate 

(Trimethylol propane triacrylate) . 
2-Ethyl-2- (hydroxymethyl)-l,3-propanediol trimethacry- 
late. 

Glyceryl monoacetate (Monoacetin) 

Glyceryl triacetate (Triacetin) 

Glyceryl trioleate 

Glycol adipate 

2-Methoxyethyl acetate 

Methoxytriethyleneglycol acetate 

Pentaerythritol caprylate 

Pentaerythritol pelargonate 

Polyethylene glycol dimethacrylate 

Sucrose oct a- acetate 

Tetraethylene glycol diacrylate 

Tetraethylene glycol dimethacrylate 

Triethylene glycol diacrylate 

Triethylene glycol dimethacrylate 

2,2,4-Triniethyl-l,3-pentanediol monoisobutyrate 

All other 

*Polyhydric alcohol ethers: 

Allyloxypolyethylene glycol 

3-(Allyloxy)-l,2-propanediol (Allyl glyceryl ether) — 

Bis(2-butoxyethyl) ether (Diethylene glycol di-n- 

butyl ether) . 
Bis(2-ethoxyethyl) ether (Diethylene glycol diethyl 

ether. 



CAU, CEL, DOW, DUP, EKX, GAP, HCH, JCC, MAT, OMC, 

SHC, UCC; WYN.' 
UCC. 
CEL. 



APD, 


DOW, 


FMP, SHC 






CEL. 










COM. 










APD. 

EVN. 










CEL, 


SHC, 


UCC. 






ABB, 


BKL. 








CEL, 


COM, 


HN, HPC, 


RCI. 




CEL, 


DOW, 


JCC, OCC 


OMC 


UCC, WYN. 


APD, 


BRD, 


MRK, PFZ 






EKX. 










APD, 


BKL, 


cue, PHR 


PIC 


UCC. 


SAR. 










EKT, 


UCC. 








EKT, 


UCC. 








PPG. 










EKT. 










DOW, 


UCC, 


X. 






EKT, 


UCC. 








EVN. 










SAR. 










CCA. 










AAE. 










SAR. 










ARC, 


HAL. 








ARC, 


EKT, 


UCC. 






GRO. 










X. 










UCC. 










RBC. 










DRW. 










DRW. 










SAR. 










HPT, 


PD. 








AAE. 










SAR. 










AAE. 










SAR. 










EKX. 










ARC, 


EK, 


EKX, EVN, 


GLY, 


SAR, USB, UCC, X 


UCC. 










SHC. 










UCC. 










UCC. 











MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



237 



TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

Polyhydrio Alcohols and Their Esters 
and fftfcers--Continued 

*PoIyhydric alcohol ethers — Continued 

Bis (hydroxyethyl) ether butynediol 

Bis[2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethyl] ether (Tetraethylene 

glycol dimethyl ether) . 
Bis (2-jiiethoxyethyl) ether (Diethylene glycol dimethyl 

etherJ ■ 
l,4-Bis(vinyloxy3butane (1,4-Butanediol, divinyl 
ether) . 

*2-Butoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether) 

*2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol mono- 
butyl ether) . 
*2-[2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene glycol 
glycol monobutyl ether) . 

l-Butoxyethoxy-2-propanol 

*Diethylene glycol 

Diethoxytetraglycol 

Dimethoxyethane (Ethylene glycol dimethyl ether) 

*Dipropylene glycol 

*2-Ethoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether) 

*2- (2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol monoethyl 
ether) . 
2-[2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene 
glycol monoethyl ether) . 

2-Hexyloxyethanol 

2- [2- (Hexyloxy)ethoxy]ethanol 

2-Isobutoxyethanol 

l-IsobutoXy-2-propanol (Propylene glycol isobutyl 
ether) . 

*2-Methoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether) 

*2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol mono- 
methyl ether) . 
*2-[2- (2-Methoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene glycol 
monomethyl ether) . 
2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethyl 2-methoxyethyl ether (Tri- 
ethylene glycol dimethyl ether) . 

Methoxypolyethylene glycol 

l-Methoxy-2-propanol 

3- (3-Methoxypropoxy)propanol 

3- [3- (3-Methoxypropoxy)propoxyl]propanol 

Methyl butynoxyethanol 

Polybutylene glycol 

Polyethoxyethyl glycerol 

Polyethoxyethylsorbitol 

* Polyethylene glycol 

*Polypropoxy ethets: 

*Glycerol tri(polyoxypropylene) ether 

*Other 

*Polypropylene glycol 

Polytetramethylene ether glycol 

Tetraethylene glycol 

1,1,3,3-Tetramethoxypropane 

2,2'-Thiodiethanol (Thiodiglycol) 

*Triethylene glycol 

Tripropylene glycol 

All other 



GAF. 
ASL. 



ASL, OMC. 
GAF. 



DOW, EKX, OMC, SHC, UCC. 
DOW, EKX, OMC, SHC, UCC. 



DOW, OMC, UCC. 



CAU, 


CEL, 


DOW, 


EKX, 


GAF, 


hch; 


JCC, 


MAT, 


OMC, 


SHC 


UCC; WYN.' 
















UCC. 
ASL, 


WYN. 


















DOW, 


JCC, 


OCC, 


OMC, 


UCC. 












DOW, 


EKX, 


JCC, 


OMC, 


UCC. 












DOW, 


EKX, 


JCC, 


OMC, 


UCC. 












DOW, 


OMC, 


UCC. 
















UCC. 




















UCC. 




















EKX, 


UCC. 


















DOW. 





















CBN, CO, DOW, EKX, JCC,' HCH; OMC, UCC, 

DOw; EKx; JCC,' hch; omc; ucC 



DOW, OMC, UCC. 



ASL. 



JCC, UCC. 
DOW, JCC, UCC. 
DOW, UCC. 
DOW. 

cue. 

NLC. 
GLY. 

APD, GLY, TCH. 

DA,' DOW,' DUP; GAp; HDCi JCC," MAT, NLC, OMC, PCS,' 
UCC; WYN." 

JCC, OMC, UCC, WYN. 

APD, DA," DOW," JCC, UCC,' WYN.' 

DOW," Jcc; hdg; NLC,' omc; ucc; wyn." 

QKO, X. 

DOW, EKX, UCC 

KF, UCC. 

HAB, UCC. 

CAU, CEL, DOW, EKX,' GAF, HCH, JCC, MAT, OMC,' SHC, 

UCC.' 
DOW, HDG, UCC. 
DOW," EKX," GAF, UCC,' UPJ. 



462-669 O - 72 - 16 



238 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2; --Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 
Esters of Monohydrio Alcohols 

Allyl methacrylate 

Amy I acetates, 90%: 

Isopentyl acetate (Isoamyl acetate) 

n-Pentyl acetate 

Mixed 

Butyl acetates: 

ISO -- 

*Normal 

Secondary 

Tertiary 

•Butyl aery late 

n-Butyl 4,4-bis [tert-butylperoxy)valerate 

Butyl butyl lacetate 

Butyl chloroacetate 

sec- Butyl chlorof ormat e 

Butyl lactate 

Butyl maleate, mono- 

tert- Butyl peroxyacetate 

tert- Butyl peroxy-2-ethylhexanoate 

tert- Butyl peroxyisobutyrate 

tert- Butyl peroxyisononanoate 

tert- Butyl peroxyisopropy I carbonate 

tert -Butyl peroxypivalate 

Cetyl lactate ^ 

Chloromethyl pivalate 

Diallyl maleate 

Di (sec-butyl) chlorof ormat e 

D ibut y 1 f umarat e 

*Dibutyl maleate 

Di (sec-butyl) peroxydicarbonate 

Diethyl sec-butyl ethylmalonate 

Diethyl butylmalonate 

Diethyl sec-butylmalonate 

♦Diethyl carbonate [Ethyl carbonate) 

Diethyl diethylmalonate (Diethyl malonic ester) 

Diethyl (ethoxymethylene)malonate 

Diethyl ethylmalonate (Ethyl malonic ester) 

Diethyl ethyl (l-methylbutyl)malonate (Ethyl-1-methyl- 
butyl malonic ester) . 

Di (2-ethylhexyl) chloroformate 

Di(2-ethyl-l-hexyl) f umarat e 

Di(2-ethyl-l-hexyl) maleate 

Di (2-ethyl-l-hexyl) peroxydicarbonate 

Diethyl maleate 

Diethyl malonate (Malonic ester) 

Diethyl (1-methylbutyl) malonate 

Diethyl oxalate (Ethyl oxalate) 

Diisobutyl maleate 

Di-iso-nonyl maleate 

Diisopropyl peroxydicarbonate (Isopropyl percarbonate)- 

Dilauryl maleate 

*Dilauryl 3,3' -thiodipropionate 

Dimethyl carb onate 

2,5-Dimethylhexane 2,5-diperoctoate 

Dimethyl maleate 

Dimethyl malonate 

Dimethyl methoxymethylene malonate-- 

Di(4-methyl-2-pentyl) maleate 

Dimyristyl 3, 3 '-thiodipropionate 

*Dioctyl maleate 

*Distearyl 3, 3' -thiodipropionate 

Dithiobis (stearyl propionate) 



NW, 


ucc. 










PFW. 












PUB. 












EKT, 


EKX, 


ENJ, 


UCC. 






CEL, 


EKT, 


ENJ 


PUB, 


SHC, 


UCC 


EKT, 


ENJ, 


HPC 


PUB, 


SHC. 




EK. 












CEL, 


DBC, 


RH, 


UCC. 






WTL. 












RT. 












MON. 












CTN. 












COM. 












PCC. 












WTL. 












WTC, 


WTL. 










nrrc, 


WTL. 










WTL. 












PPG, 


WTL. 










WTC, 


WTL. 










VND. 












BJL. 












FMP. 












WTL. 












MON, 


PFZ, 


RCI 


RUB. 






cue, 


Dup; 


MON 


pcc; 


RCI, 


RUB 


IVTL. 













CTN, 


FMP, 


OTC. 


BPC, 


LIL. 




KF. 






LIL. 






ABB. 






WTL. 






RUB. 






HRT, 


RUB. 




WTL. 






ACY, 


UCC. 




ABB, 


KF, 


LIL. 


ABB, 


LIL. 




FMP. 






RUB. 






RUB. 






PPG. 






EFH. 






ACY, 


CCW 


EVN, HAB. 


CTN. 






WTC. 






AAC. 






KF. 






KF. 






RUB. 






CCW. 






MON, 


PCC 


RCI. 


ACY, 


CCW 


EVN, HAB. 


EVN. 







MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



239 



TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC- -Continued 
Esters of Monohydrio Alcohols --Continued 

Ditridecyl maleate 

DiCtridecyl) 3,3'-thiodipropionate 

*Ethyl acetate (85%) 

Ethyl acetoacetate 

*Ethyl aery late 

*Ethyl chloroacetate 

Ethyl ch 1 or of ormat e 

Ethylene carbonate 

2-Ethyl-l-hexyl acetate 

*2-Ethyl-l-hexyl aery late 

2-Ethyl-l-hexyl methacrylate 

Ethyl propionate 

Ethyl silicate (Tetraethoxysilane) 

Ethyl sulfate (Diethyl sulfate) 

Fatty acid esters, not included with plasticizers or 
surface-active agents; 

Butyl palmitate 

Dimethyl brassylate 

Ethyl stearate 

Hexadeeyl stearate 

Isopropyl linoleate 

Methyl esters of coconut oil 

*Methyl esters of tallow 

Methyl 12-hydroxystearate---! 

Methyl myristate 

Methyl stearate 

Myristyl myristate 

All other 

Glycidyl aery late 

Glyeidyl methacrylate 

Hexyl acetate 

Isobutyl aery late 

Isobutyl ehlor of ormat e 

Isobutyl isobutyrate 

Isodeeyl aery late 

Iso-oetyl mereaptoacetate 

Iso-octyl 3-mereaptopropionate 

Isopropyl acetate 

Isopropyl chloroformate 

Lauryl lactate 

Lauryl stearyl thiodipropionate 

Maleic esters and copolymers 

Methallylidene diacetate 

Methyl acetate 

Methyl acetoacetate 

Methyl acrylate, monomer 

Methyl borate 

Methyl chloroacetate 

Methyl chloroformate 

Methyl diehloroacetate 

Methyl formate 

*Methyl methacrylate, monomer 

4-Methyl-2-pentyl acetate 

Methyl sulfate (Dimethyl sulfate) 

Methyl vinyl acetate 

Myristyl lactate 

Octadecyl 3-mercaptopropionate 

*Phosphorus acid esters : 

Bis(2-ethylhexyl) hydrogen phosphate 

Bis(2-ethylhexyl) hydrogen phosphite 

Butyl hydrogen phosphates 

Dibutyl butylphosphonate 

Dibutyl hydrogen phosphite 



RUB 








EVN 


HAB. 






CEL- 


EKT,' EKX' 


ENj; mon; pub; ucc 


EKT 


UCC. 






CEL 


DBC, RH, 


SNW, UCC 




DOW, 


KF, MON. 






CTN 


FMP, OTC 






JCC 








EKT 


UCC. 






CEL 


DBC, UCC 






X. 








NW. 








SFA. 








UCC. 








AAE 


DA. 






EMR. 








ARS. 








ICI. 








VND. 








PG. 








BFR, 


CHL, HUM. 






HUM, 


NTL. 






PG. 








DA. 








VND. 








BFR, 


CCA, HUM. 






AAE. 








AAE. 








ENJ. 








DBC, 


RH, UCC. 






OTC. 








EKX. 








UCC. 








CCW, 


EVN, HAB. 






EVN. 








EKT, 


ENJ, HPC, 


UCC. 




CTN, 


PPG. 






VND. 








EVN. 








GAF. 








UCC. 








EK, 


HON, UCC. 






EKT, 


UCC. 






CEL, 


DBC, RH. 






MHI, 


SFA. 






DOW, 


KF. 






CTN, 


FMP. 






PD. 








CEL, 


DUP. 






ACY, 


DUP, RH. 






SHC, 


UCC. 






DUP. 








UCC. 








VND. 








EVN. 








SM, UCC. 






SM. 








SM. 








SM. 








SM. 









240 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2.- 



-Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

Esters of Monohydria Alcohols - -Continued 

'Phosphorus acid esters — Continued 

Didodecyl hydrogen phosphate 

Dimethyl hydrogen phosphite 

Dimethyl methylphosphonate 

Dioleyl hydrogen phosphite 

Iso-octyl hydrogen phosphate 

Methyl hydrogen phosphates 

Oleyl hydrogen phosphate 

Tributyl phosphate 

Tributyl phosphite 

Tridecyl phosphite 

Triethyl phosphite 

Tri iso-octyl phosphite 

Triisopropyl phosphite 

Trimethyl phosphate 

Trimethyl phosphite 

Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphite 

Tris (chloroisopropyl) thionophosphate 

Tr is C2 , 3-dibromopropy 1 ) phosphate 

Tris (2-ethylhexyl) phosphite 

TrisCoctadecyl) phosphite 

All other 

*Propyl acetate 

Propylene carbonate 

Tetraoctyl orthosilicate 

Titanic acid esters: 

Tetrabuty 1 t itanat e 

Tetraisopropyl titanate 

Tetrakis(2-ethylhexyl) titanate 

Other 

Triethyl orthoacetate 

Triethyl orthoformate 

Triethyl orthopropionate 

Triisodecyl orthoformate 

Trimethyl orthoformate 

*Vinyl acetate, monomer 

All other 

Halogenated Hydroaarbons 

1-Bromobutane (n-Butyl bromide) 

2-Bromobutane (sec-Butyl bromide) 

Bromochloromethane 

l-Bromo-3-chloropropane (Trimethylenechlorobromide)- 

2-Bromo-2-chloro-l,l, 1-trif luoroethane 

Bromoethane (Ethyl bromide) 

l-Bromo-3-methylbutane (Isoamyl bromide) 

l-Bromo-3-methyl-2-butene 

1 - Bromo- Oct adecane 

1-Bromo-octane (n-Octyl bromide) 

2-Bromopentane (1-Methylbutyl bromide) 

1-Bromopropane (n-Propyl bromide) 

2-Bromopropane (Isopropyl bromide) 

Bromotrichloromethane 

Bromotrifluoromethane 

*Carbon tetrachloride 

'Chlorinated paraffins: 

Less than 35% chlorine 

*35%-64% chlorine 

65% or more chlorine 

2-Chloro-l,3-butadiene 



DUP. 

SM. 

SM. 

SM. 

SM. 

HK. 

SM. 

COM. 

SFI, SM. 

HK. 

SM. 

SM. 

SM. 

TNA. 



TNA. 

MCH. 

SM. 

SM. 

DUP, MON, SM, WES. 

CEL, EKT, PUB, UCC. 

DOW, JCC. 

MON. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

EK, KF. 

KF. 

KF. 

KF. 

KF. 

BOR, CEL, cue, DUP, MON, NSC, UCC. 

ald; cel; ctn,' dup; bfh, ek; ekx; emr; evn; fmp; 
gaf, lil, pcc; pub, rh,' tni', ucc; vnd', wtl. 



ABB 


BPC 




ABB 


EK, 


MCH. 


DOW 






MCH 






ICl 






DOW 


GTL 


MCH. 


LIL. 






SDW 






DUP 


GAF 




MCH. 






ABB, 


LIL 


PD. 


BPC, 


EK. 




BPC. 






MCH. 






DUP. 






ACS, 


DA, 


DOW, FMB, FRO, PPG, SFI, TN; 


DA, 


DVC. 




CCH, 


DA, 


DVC, HK, HPC, ICI, KPS, NEV 


DA, 


DVC, 


NEV. 


DUP 







MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



241 



TABLE 2. --Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3} 



MISCELUNEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 
Halogenated Hydrocarbons — Continued 



l-Chlorobutane (n-Butyl chloride) 

2-Chlorobutane (sec-Butyl chloride) 

l-Chloro-l,l-difluoroethane 

*Chlorodifluoromethane 

*Chloroethane (Ethyl chloride) 

*Chloroform 

*Chloromethane (Methyl chloride) 

2-Chloro-2-methylpropane (tert-Butyl chloride) 

3-Chloro-2-methylpropene (Methallyl chloride) 

Chloropentafluoroethane 

3-Chloropropene (Allyl chloride) 

Chlorotrifluoroethylene (Trifluorovinyl chloride) -- 

Chlorotrifluoroethylene, polymerized 

Chlorotrifluoromethane 

Dibromodifluorome thane 

*l,2-Dibromoethane (Ethylene dibromide) 

Dibromomethane (Methylene bromide) 

1,4-Dibromopentane 

1,3-Dibromopropane 

l,2-Dibromo-l,l,2,2-tetrafluoroethane 

Dichlorobutadiene 

l,3-Dichloro-2-butene 

1,4-Dichlorobutene 

*Dichlorodifluoromethane 

*l,2-Dichloroethane (Ethylene dichloride) 

*Dichloroniethane (Methylene chloride) 

*l,2-Dichloropropane (Propylene dichloride) 

2,3-Dichloropropene 

Dichlorotetrafluoroethane 

1,1-Difluoroethane 

Difluorotetrachloroethane 

Diiodomethane (Methylene iodide) 

Hexafluoropropylene, monomer 

lodoethane (Ethyl iodide), tech 

*Iodomethane (Methyl iodide) ; 

1-Iodoperf luorohexane 

Octafluorocyclobutane 

1,1,2,2-Tetrabromoethane (Acetylene tetrabromide) — 
l,l,2,2-Tetrachloro?thane (Acetylene tetrachloride) - 

*Tetrachloroethylene (Perchloroethylene) 

Tetrafluoroethylene, monomer 

Tetrafluoroethylene, polymer 

Tetrafluoromethane 

*l,l,l-Trichloroethane (Methyl chloroform) 

1,1,2-Trichloroethane (Vinyl trichloride) 

*Trichloroethylene 

*Trichlorofluoromethane 

1,2,3-Trichloropropane 

1,2,3-Trichloropropene 

Trichlorotrifluoroethane 

Vinyl bromide (Bromoethylene) 

*Vinyl chloride, monomer (Chloroethylene) 

Vinyl fluoride 

Vinylidene chloride, monomer (1,1-Dichloroethylene)- 

Vinylidene fluoride 

All other 



PUB 

EK, 

ACS 

ACS, 

AME, 

ACS, 

ACS, 

EK. 

FMP. 

DUP. 

DOW, 

ACS, 

MMM. 

DUP, 

DOW. 

DOW, 

DOW, 

SDW. 

MCH. 

DUP, 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

ACS, 

ACS, 

ACS, 

DOW, 

DOW. 

ACS, 

ACS, 

DUP. 

NTH, 

DUP. 

EK, 

EK, 

TKL, 

DUP. 

DOW. 

DUP. 

da; 

DUP, 
ACP, 
DUP. 
DOW, 
DOW, 
DA," 
ACS, 
DOW, 
DOW. 
ACS, 
DOW. 

Acs; 

DUP. 
DOW, 
DUP. 

ald; 



UCC. 
PLC. 
DUP, PAS. 
DUP, KAl, PAS. 

Dow; DUP," Hpc," ppg; shc; tna". 

da; DOW," DUp; fro; sfi: 

anm; dcc,' dow," dup," fro; tna; ucc' 



shc. 

MMM. 



gtl, hch, mch, tna. 
ucc. 



dup, kai, pas, ucc. 

ame; bfg; co; da; dow; fro; jcc; ppg; tna", ucc. 

DA," DOW,' dup; fro; sfi.' 

jcc, ucc. 

DUP. 
DUP. 



FMT, RSA. 
FMT, NTB, RSA. 



dow; dup; fro," hk; ppg; sfi, tna; ttx; 

PAS, TKL. 
DUP, PAS, TKL. 

FRO, PPG, TNA. 
UCC. 

Dow.'Dup; hk; ppg; tna', ttx." 

DUP,' KAi; PAS; UCC. 
SHC, UCC. 

DUP, UCC. 

ame; bfg; CO,' da; dow; hn; mno,' ppg," tna. 

FRO. 

DUp; ek; gaf; hmy; mch, tkl. 



462-669 O - 72 - 17 



242 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970 — Continued 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

Alt Other Miscellaneous Acyclic Chemicals 

Acetyl peroxide 

Aluminum isoproDnxide (Aluminum isopropylate) 

* 2-Butanone peroxide- 

*tert- Butyl hydroperoxide 

*tert-Butyl peroxide (Di-tert-butyl peroxide) 

But yro lactone 

*Carbon disulfide 

2-Chloroethanol (Ethylene chlorohydrin) 

Decanoyl peroxide 

Di aldehyde starch 

2 , 3-D ibromopropanol 

Diketene 

2,5-Dimethyl-2,S-bis (2-ethyl-l-hexanoylperoxy)hexane -- 

2,S-Dimethyl-2,S-di (tert-butylperoxy)hexane 

2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di(tert-butylperoxy)hexyne-3 

2 ,5 -Dimethyl- 2, 5-dihydroperoxyhexane 

Epoxides, ethers, and acetals: 

Acetone dimethylacetal (2,2-Dimethoxypropane) 

I-(Allyloxy)-2,3-epoxypropane (Allyl glycidyl ether)- 

Bis (2-chloroethoxy)methane (Dichloroethylformal) 

Bis(2-chloroethyI) ether (Dichlorodiethyl ether) 

Bis(2-chloro-l-methylethyl) ether (Dichloroisopropyl 
ether) . 

l-Butoxy-2,3-epoxypropane (Butyl glycidyl ether) 

Butyl ene oxide 

Butyl ether (Di-n-butyl ether) 

Butyl vinyl ether 

2-Chloroethyl vinyl ether 

Chloromethyl methyl ether 

2,2-DichIoro-l, 1-dif luoroethyl methyl ether 

Dimercaptodiethyl ether 

Epichlorohydrin 

*Ethylene oxide 

*Ethyl ether: 

Absolute 

Tech 

U.S.P 

Ethyl vinyl ether 

Glycidol (2,3-Epoxy-l-propanol) 

Isobutyl vinyl ether 

*Isopropyl ether 

Methyl ether (Dimethyl ether) 

Methyl vinyl ether 

Octadecyl vinyl ether 

* Propylene oxide 

Other 

Ethanedithiol 

Ethanethiol . 

2- (Ethylmercapto)ethanol 

Fats and oils, chemically modified 

Glucono-delta-lactone 



WTL. 








CHT, 


KCH. 






CAD 


NOC, RCI, WTC, IVTL, 


x. 




CAD 


NOG, OCC, WTC, IVTL. 






CAD 


NOC, SHC, WTC, WTL, 


x. 




GAP. 








ACS, 


PMB, PAS, PPG, SFI. 






UCC. 








WTC, 


WTL. 






MLS. 








MCH. 








ALD, 


EKT, FMP. 






WTL. 








OTL. 








WTL. 








IVTC. 








DOW. 








AAC, 


DOW, SHC. 






TKL. 








DOW. 








DOW, 


OMC. 






DOW. 








DOW. 








PUB, 


UCC. 






GAP, 


UCC. 






UCC. 








HK, 


RH. 






DOW. 








EVN, 


USR. 






DOW, 


SHC. 






CAU, 


CEL, DOw; EKX, GAP, 


HCH; JCC, MAT, 


NWP, OMC 


SHC,' SNO, UCC, WYN.- 






MAL. 








ENJ, 


HPC, UCC, USI. 






MAL, 


OMS. 






GAP, 


UCC. 






DIX. 








GAP. 








ENJ, 


SHC, UCC. 






COM, 


DUP, UCC. 






GAP. 








GAP. 








GEL, 


DOW, JGC, occ; oMc; 


UCC, wyn; 





ek; gap, ici', UCC. 



CHL, DOM, SDW. 
PPZ. 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



243 



TABLE 2. 



-Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1970- -Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

Atl Other Miscellaneous Acyolio Chemioals - -Continued 

Glutaraldehyde bisCsodium bisulfite) 

Hexachlorodimethyl sulfone 

n-Hexadecyl disulfide 

Hydrocarbons : 

1-Butyne (Ethylacetylene) 

n-Decane 

n-Dodecane 

Ethylene, from ethyl alcohol, medicinal grade 

Hexadecane 

Myrcene 

1-Octadecene 

n-Octane 

Propyne CMethylacetylene) 

Other 

*Lauroyl peroxide 

Magnesium methylate 

Methanesulfanol 

Methyl sulfide (Dimethyl sulfide) 

Methyl sulfoxide 

Organo-aluminum compounds: 

Diethylaluminum chloride 

Diethylaluminum iodide 

Ethyl aluminum chlorides 

Isobutylaluminum chlorides 

Methyl aluminum chlorides 

Triethylaluminum 

Triisobutylaluminum 

Other 

Or gano -boron compounds 

Organo-lead compounds; 

*Tetraethyllead 

Tetramethyllead 

*Tetra (methyl-ethyl) lead 

Organo- lithium compounds 

Organo-magnesium halides 

Organo-mercury compounds 

Organo-silicon compounds: 

Monomers 

* Polymers 

Organo-tin compounds: 

Bis(tributyltin) oxide 

Dibutyltin dichloride 

Dibutylmethoxytin (Dibutyl tin methoxide) 

Other 

Organo- zinc compounds 

Organo- zirconium compounds 

Perchloromethanethiol (Perchloromethyl mercaptan) 

*Phosgene (Carbonyl chloride) 

Pine oil, synthetic 

S-Propiolactone 

Propionyl peroxide 

Rare sugars 

Sodium ethoxide 

Sodium formaldehyde bisulfite 

*Sodium formaldehyde sulfoxylate 

*Sodium methoxide (Sodium methylate) 

Sodium vinyl sulfonate 

Succinyl peroxide 

Tetrakis (hydroxymethyl)phosphonium chloride 

Thallous ethoxide 

Tributylphosphine 

Trioctylphosphine oxide 

*Zinc formaldehyde sulfoxylate 

Other 



IDC 






SFA 






PAS 






cue 






HMY 


PLC. 




HMY, 


PLC. 




OH. 






HMY. 






IFF, 


NCI. 




HMY. 






HMY, 


PLC. 




cue. 






HMY. 






CAD, 


TEK, 


WTC, WTL, X. 


MRT. 






PAS. 






CRZ. 






CRZ. 






TNA 


TSA. 




TSA. 






TNA 


TSA. 




TNA, 


TSA. 




TNA. 






TNA, 


TSA. 




TNA, 


TSA. 




TNA, 


TSA. 




ACS, 


SFA, 


TSA. 


DUP, 


HCH, 


NLC, TNA. 


DUP, 


NLC, 


TNA. 


DUP, 


HCH, 


TNA. 


FTE. 






ARA. 






EK, 


NTB. 




DCC, 


UCC. 




DCC, 


ORO, 


SFA, SPD, UCC. 


CCW, 


x. 




CCW, 


X. 




CCA. 






CCA, 


CCW, 


PCW, X.' 


TSA. 






LCI. 






CHO. 






ACS, 


CTN, 


DUP, MOB, OTC, PPG, RUC, UCC, UPJ, VDM x 


CBY, 


NCI. 




CEL. 






WTL. 






PFN, 


RSA. 




FMP. 






EK, 


IDC. 




DA, 


RH, ROY. 


DA, 


DUP, 


OMC, SFA, X. 


cue. 






IVTL. 






HK. 






ALD. 






CCW. 







DA, RH, ROY. 

ald; alx; da, ek,' gaf, gnmI nes,' rsa] sdw,' sfa, tna,' 
ucc,' wtl, x,' x.' 



244 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 
TABLE 3. --Miscellaneous chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1970 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of miscellaneous chemical manufacturers that reported production or sales to the U.S. Tariff Commission for 
1970 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



Code 




Code 




identi- 


Name of company 


identi- 


Name of company 


fication 




fication 




AAC 


Alcolac Chemical Corp. 


CFA 


Cooperative Farm Chemicals Association 


AAE 


American Aniline S Extract Co., Inc. 


CFC 


Sun Chemical Corp. 


ABB 


Abbott Laboratories 


CGY 


Ciba-Geigy Corp. : 




Allied Chemical Corp.: 




Ciba Pharmaceutical Co. 


ACN 


Agricultural Div. 


CHH 


Charles Hansen's Laboratory, Inc. 


ACP 


Plastics Div. 


CHO 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Calhio Chemicals, 


ACS 


Specialty Chemicals Div. 




Inc. Div. 


ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. 


CHN 


Cherokee Nitrogen Co. 


AGY 


Agway, Inc., Nitrogen Div. 


CHT 


Chattem Drug § Chemical Co., Chattem 


AKL 


Arkla Chemical Corp. 




Chemicals Div. 


AKS 


Arkansas Co., Inc. 


CLK 


Clark Oil 5 Refining Corp., Clark Chemical 


ALB 


Ames Laboratories, Inc. 




Co. 


ALC 


Alco Chemical Corp. 


CLN 


Standard Brands, Inc., Clinton Com 


ALD 


Aldrich Chemical Co., Inc. 




Processing Co. Div. 


ALF 


Allied Chemical Corp., Fibers Div. 


CNC 


Columbia Nitrogen Corp. 


ALX 


Alox Corp. 


CNP 


Columbia Nipro Co. 


AMB 


American Bio-Synthetic Corp. 


CO 


Continental Oil Co. 


AME 


American Chemical Corp. 


COL 


Collier Carbon § Chemical Corp. 


ANM 


Ancon Chemical Corp. 


COM 


Commercial Solvents Corp. 


APD 


Atlas Chemical Industries, Inc. 


CP 


Colgate-Palmolive Co. 


ARA 


Arapahoe Chemicals Div. of Syntex Corp. 


CRN 


CPC International, Inc. 


ARC 


Armour Industrial Chemical Co. 


CRT 


Crest Chemical Corp. 


ARM 


USS Agri-Chemicals, Div. of U.S. Steel Corp. 


CRZ 


Crown Zellerbach Corp., Chemical Products 


ARS 


Arsynco, Inc. 




Div. 


ARZ 


Arizona Chemical Co. 


CTN 


Chemetron Corp., Organic Chemical Div. 


ASH 


Ashland Oil, Inc., Ashland Chemical Co. Div. 


cue 


Air Reduction Co., Inc., Chemicals § 


ASL 


Ansul Chemical Co. 




Plastics Div. 


ATR 


Atlantic Richfield Co., ARCO Div. 


CWL 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Cowles Chemical Div. 


AV 


FMC Corp., American Viscose Div. 


CWN 


Upjohn Co., Carwin Organic Chemicals 


AZT 


Dart Industries, Inc., Aztec Chemicals Div. 










DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. 


BAX 


Baxter Laboratories, Inc. 


DAN 


Dan River Mills, Inc. 


BFG 


B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich Chemical 


DBC 


Dow Badische Co. 




Co. Div. 


DCC 


Dow Coming Corp. 


BFR 


Pace National Corp. 


DEX 


Dexter Chemical Corp. 


BJL 


Burdick 5 Jackson Labs., Inc. 


DIX 


Dixie Chemical Co. 


BKC 


J. T. Baker Chemical Co. 


DLl 


Dawe's Laboratories, Inc. 


BKL 


Millmaster Onyx Corp., Millmaster Chemical 


DOL 


Dole Co., Div. of Castle 5 Cook, Inc. 




Co. Div., Berkeley Chemical Dept. 


DOM 


Dominion Products, Inc. 


BOR 


Borden Co., borden Chemical Co. Div. 


DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. 


BPC 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Benzol Products Div. 


DRW 


Drew Chemical Corp. 


BRD 


Baird Chemical Industries, Inc. 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours § Co., Inc. 


BUK 


Buckeye Cellulose Corp. 


DVC 


Dover Chemical Corp. 


CAD 


Noury Chemical Corp. 


EFH 


E. F. Houghton 5 Co. 


CAU 


Calcasieu Chemical Corp. 


EK 


Eastman Kodak Co. : 


CBC 


Georgia-Pacific Corp.. Coos Bay Div. 


EKT 


Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 


CBD 


Chembond Corp. 


EKX 


Texas Eastman Co. Div. 


CBN 


Cities Service Co. 


ELP 


El Paso Products Co. 


CBY 


Crosby Chemicals, Inc. 


EMR 


Emery Industries, Inc. 


CCA 


Cincinnati Milacron Chemicals, Inc. 


ENJ 


En jay Chemical Co. 


CCC 


Chase Chemical Corp. 


ENZ 


Enzyme Development Corp. 


CCH 


Pearsall Chemical Co. 


ESA 


East Shore Chemical Co., Inc. 


ecu 


Cincinnati Milacron Chemicals, Inc. 


ESC 


Air Products 6 Chemicals, Inc., Escambia 


CEL 


Celanese Corp. : 




Plant 




Celanese Chemical Co. 


EVN 


Evans Chemetics, Inc. 




Celanese Fibers Co. 








Celanese Plastics Co. 







MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS 



245 



TABLE 3. — Miscellaneous chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1970 — Continued 



Name of company 



Code 
identi- 
fication 



Name of Company 



Farmers Chemical Association, Inc. 
Ferro Corp., Ferro Chemical Div. 
Fine Organics, Inc. 
Fisher Chemical Co., Inc. 
FMC Corp . : 

Inorganic Chemicals Div. 

Organic Chemicals Div. 
Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc. 
Vulcan Materials Co., Chemicals Div. 
Foote Mineral Co. 
CF Industries, Inc., Fel-Tex Plant 

GAF Corp., Chemical Div. 

Gane's Chemical Works, Inc. 

W. R. Grace § Co., Agricultural Chemical Group 

G. Frederick Smith Chemical Co. 

Givaudan Corp. 

SCM Corp. Glidden-Durkee Div. 

Glyco Chemicals, Inc. 

General Mills Chemicals, Inc. 

Gulf Oil Corp., Gulf Oil Chemicals Co. - 

llniteH States 
Grain Processing Corp. 

W. R. Grace § Co., Polymers § Chemicals Div. 
Millmaster Onyx Corp., A. Gross § Co. Div. 
Great Lakes Chemical Corp. 
Goodyear Tire 5 Rubber Co. 

Halby Products Co., Inc. 
C. P. Hall Co. of Illinois 
Houston Chemical Corp. 
Hodag Chemical Corp. 
Hexagon Laboratories, Inc. 
Hoffman-Taff, Inc. 
Hooker Chemical Corp.: 

Durez Plastics Div. 
Hawk eye Chemical Co. 

W. R. Grace 8 Co., Hampshire Chemical Div. 
Humphrey Chemical Co. 
Tenneco Chemicals, Inc.: 

Nuodex Div. 
Air Products 5 Chemicals, Inc., Houdry 

Process § Chemical Div. 
Hercules, Inc. 
Hart Products Corp. 
Harshaw Chemical Co., Div. of Kewanee Oil 

Co. 
Kraftco Corp., Humko Products Chemical Div. 

ICI America, Inc. 

Industrial Dyestuff Co. 

International Flavors 5 Fragrances, Inc. 

Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc. 

Nipak, Inc. 

George A. Jeffrey's S Co., Inc. 

J . Meyer § Sons , Inc . 

Joseph Turner 8 Co. 

Kaiser Aluminum § Chemical Corp., Kaiser 

Chemicals Div. 
Kennecott Copper Corp., Chino Mines Div. 
Keystone Chemurgic Corp. 
Kennecott Copper Corp., Utah Copper Div. 
Kay-Fries Chemicals, Inc. 



KON 
KPS 
KPT 

LAM 
LCI 
LEM 
LIL 
LUB 

MAL 
MAT 
MCH 
MCI 
MET 
MHI 
MLS 
MMM 
MNO 
MOB 
MON 
MOR 
MRK 
MRT 
MSC 
MTO 
MTR 



NCA 
NCI 
NES 
NEV 
NLC 
NOC 
NOR 
NPI 
NSC 
NTB 
NTL 



OMC 
OMS 
ONX 
OPC 
ORG 
OTC 

PAR 

PAS 

PCC 

PCS 

PCW 

PD 

PEN 

PFN 

PFW 

PFZ 



H. Kohnstamm S Co., Inc. 

Koppers Pittsburgh Co. 

Koppers Co., Inc., Organic Materials Div. 

LaMotte Chemical Products Co. 
Lachat Chemicals, Inc. 
Lerake Chemicals, Inc. 
Eli Lilly 5 Co. , Inc. 
Lubrizol Corp. 

Mallinckrodt Chemical Works 
Matador Chemical Co., Inc. 
Michigan Chemical Corp. 
Mooney Chemicals, Inc. 
M 5 T Chemicals, Inc. 
Ventron Corp., Chemicals Div. 
Miles Laboratories, Inc., Marschall Div. 
Minnesota Mining § Manufacturing Co. 
Monochem, Inc. 
Mobay Chemical Co. 
Monsanto Co. 

Mineral Oil Refining Co. 
Merck 6 Co. , Inc. 
Morton Chemical Co. 
Mississippi Chemical Corp. 
Montrose Chemical Corp. of California 
Chris-Craft Industries, Inc., Montrose 
Chemical Div. 

Northrop Carolina, Inc. 

Union Camp Corp., Chemical Div. 

Nease Chemical Co., Inc. 

Neville Chemical Co. 

Nalco Chemical Co. 

Norac Co., Inc. and Mathe Chemical Co. Div. 

Norwich Pharmacal Co. 

National Polychemicals, Inc. 

National Starch § Chemical Corp. 

National Biochemical Co. 

National Lead Co. 

Northwestern Chemical Co. 

Northern Petrochemicals Co. 

Oxirane Chemical Co. 

Air Reduction Co., Inc., Ohio Medical 

Products Div . 
Olin Corp. 

E. R. Squibb 6 Sons, Inc. 
Millmaster Onyx Corp., Onyx Chemical Co. 
Orbis Products Corp . 
Chevron Chemical Co. 
Ott Chemical Co. 

Pennsylvania Refining Co. 

Pennwalt Corp. 

USS Chemicals Div. of U.S. Steel Corp. 

Emery Industries, Inc. 

Pfister Chemical Works 

Parke, Davis 5 Co. 

CPC International, Inc., Penick Div. 

Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc. 

Polak's Frutal Works, Inc. 

Pfizer, Inc. 

Procter & Gamble Co. 

Pharmachem Corp. 



246 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 

TABLE 3. — Miscellaneous chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1970 — Continued 



Code 




Code 




identi- 


Name of company 


identi- 


Name of company 


fication 




fication 




PIC 


Pierce Organics, Inc. 


SPD 


General Electric Co., Silicone Products 


PLB 


P-L Bicchemicals, Inc. 




Dept. 


PLC 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 5 Phillips Pacific 


SPR 


Scientific Protein Laboratories 




Chemical Co. 


SRR 


Stresen-Reuter International, International 


FLS 


Plastics Engineering Co. 




Minerals § Chemical Corp. 


PMP 


Premier Malt Products, Inc. 


SW 


Sherwin-Williams Co. 


PPC 


Premier Petrochemical Co. 


SYP 


Synthetic Products Co. 


PPG 


Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co. 






PRD 


Productol Chemical Co., Inc. 


TAB 


Chemetron Corp., National Cylinder Gas Div. 


PIT 


Petro-Tex Chemical 


TCC 


Tanatex Chemical Corp. 


PUB 


Publicker Industries, Inc. 


TCD 


Tenneco Chemical, Inc., Tenneco Colors Div. 






TCH 


Trylon Chemicals, Inc. 


QKO 


Quaker Oats Co. 


TEK 


Teknor Apex Co . 






TER 


Terra Chemicals International, Inc. 


RBC 


Roberts Chemicals Div. of Security 


TID 


Getty Oil Co. 




Chemicals, Inc. 


TKL 


Thiokol Chemical Corp. 


RCI 


Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 


TNA 


Ethyl Corp. 


REH 


Reheis Chemical Co. Div. of Armour 


TNI 


Gillette Chemical Co., Div. of Gillette Co. 




Pharmaceutical Co. 


TCC 


Tanatex Chemical Corp. 


REM 


Remington Arms Co., Inc. 


TRI 


Triad Chemicals 


RH 


Rohm 5 Haas Co. 


TRO 


Troy Chemical Co. 


ROY 


Royce Chemical Co. 


TSA 


Texas Alkyls, Inc. 


RPC 


Millraaster Onyx Corp., Refined-Onyx Div. 


TTX 


Detrex Chemical Industries, Inc. 


RSA 


R.S.A. Corp. 


TX 


Texaco, Inc. 


RT 


F. Ritter § Co. 


TZC 


Tizon Chemical Corp. 


RUB 


Hooker Chemical Corp., Ruco Div. 






RUC 


Rubicon Chemicals, Inc. 


UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 






UOP 


Universal Oil products Co., UOP Chemical Div. 


S 


Sandoz, Inc., Sandoz Colors S Chemical 


UPJ 


Upjohn Co. 




Div. 


UPM 


Universal Oil Products Co. 


SAR 


Sartomer Resins, Inc. 


UPR 


Witco Chemical Corp., U.S. Peroxygen Div. 


SBC 


Scher Bros . 


USB 


U.S. Borax Research Corp. 


SDC 


Martin-Marietta Corp., Southern Dyestuff 


US I 


National Distillers § Chemical Corp., U.S. 




Co. Div. 




Industrial Chemicals Co. Div. 




Sterling Drug, Inc.: 


USR 


Uniroyal, Inc., Chemical Div. 


SDH 


Hilton-Davis Chemical Co. Div. 


1 




SDW 


Winthrop Laboratories Div. 


VDM 


Van De Mark Chemical Co. 




Stauffer Chemical Co.: 


VEL 


Velsicol Chemical Corp., Inc. 


SFA 


Specialty Chemical Div. 


VGC 


Virginia Chemicals, Inc. 


SFI 


Industrial Div. 


VLN 


Valley Nitrogen Producers, Inc. 


SHC 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 


VND 


Van Dyk 6 Co . , Inc . 


SHF 


Kraftco Corp., Sheffield Qiemical Co. Div. 


VPC 


Verona Corp. 


SHL 


Nitine, Inc. Div. of Shulton, Inc. 






SHO 


Shell Oil Co. 


Way 


Phillip A. Hunt Chemical Corp., Wayland 


SHP 


Shepherd Chemical Co. 




Chemical Div. 


SK 


Smith, Kline 5 French Laboratories 


WBC 


Worthington Biochemical Corp. 


SKG 


Sunkist Growers, Inc. 


WBG 


White § Bagley Co. 


SKO 


Skelly Oil Co. 


WES 


Weston Chemical Corp. 


SM 


Mobil Oil Corp., Mobil Chemical Co. Div. 


WM 


Wilson Pharmaceutical S Chemical Corp., 




Industrial Chemical Div. 




Wilson-Martin Div. 


SNI 


Kaiser Aluminum S Chemical Corp., Kaiser 


WMP 


Essex International, Inc.. Electro- 




Agricultural Chemicals Div. 




Mechanical Div. 


SNO 


SunOlin Chemical Co. 


WSN 


Mallinckrodt Chemical Works, Washine Div. 


SNW 


Sun Chemical Corp., Chemical Div. 


WTC 


Witco Chemical Co., Inc. 


SOC 


Standard Oil Co. of California, Chevron 


WTH 


Union Camp Corp., Harchem Div. 




Chemical Co. 


WTL 


Pennwalt Corp., Lucidal Div. 


SOH 


Vistron Corp. 


WYC 


Wycon Chemical Co. 


SOI 


American Oil Co. (Maryland) 


WYN 


Wyandotte Chemicals Corp. 



Note. --For complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies, refer to table 1 in the Appendix. 



APPENDIX 

DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 247 

TABLE 1. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1970 

[Names of synthetic organic chemical manufacturers that reported production or sales to the U.S. Tariff Conimission 
for 1970 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in table 2 of the 14 
individual sections of this report] 



Name of company 



Office address 



A 5 E Plastik Pak Co., Inc 

Abbott Laboratories 

Abex Corp., American Brakelok Div 

Acme Chemical Co 

Agway, Inc., Nitrogen Div 

Air Products § Chemicals, Inc.: 

Escambia Plant 

Houndry Process 5 Chemical Div 

Air Reduction Co., Inc.: 

> Chemicals 5 Plastics Div 

Ohio Medical Products Div 

Alco Chemical Corp 

Alcolac Chemical Corp 

Aldrich Chemical Co. , Inc 

Alliance Chemical Co., Inc 

Allied Chemical Corp.: 

Agricultural Div 

Fibers Div 

Plastics Div 

Specialty Chemicals Div 

Union Texas Petroleum Div 

Alox Corp 

Alpha Laboratories, Inc 

Amalgamated Chemical Corp 

Amchem Products Inc 

Amerace-Esna Corp., Chemical Specialties — 

Div. 
Amerada Hess Corp, Hess Oil § Chemical Div- 

American Aniline 6 Extract Co., Inc 

American Aniline Products, Inc 

American Bio-Synthetics Corp 

American Can Co 

American Chemical Corp 

American Cyanamid Co 

American Hoechst Corp 

American Oil Co. [Maryland) 

American Oil Co. (Texas) 

American Synthetic Rubber Corp 

Ameripol, Inc 

Ames Laboratories, Inc 

Amoco Chemical Corp 

Amoco Production Co 

Ancon Chemical Corp 

Ansul Chemical Co ■ 

Apex Chemical Co., Inc 

Apollo Colors, Inc 

Applied Plastics Cot 

Arapahoe Chemicals Div. of Syntex Corp 

Ardmore Chemical Co., Inc 

Arenol Chemical Corp 

Arizona Chemical Co 

Arkansas Co., Inc 

Arkla Chemical Corp 

Armour-Dial, Inc 

Armour Industrial Chemical Co 



14505 Proctor, Industry, CA 91747. 

14th St. and Sheridan Rd., N. Chicago, IL 60664. 

2401 S. Loudoun (Paper Mill Rd.), Winchester, VA 22601. 

2506 N. 32d St., Milwaukee, WI 53245. 

1446 Buffalo St., Clean, NY 10760. 

P. 0. Box 467, Pensacola, FL 32702. 

1339 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa 19107. 

150 E. 42nd St., New York, NY 10017. 

3030 Airco Dr., P. 0. Box 1319, Madison, WI 53701. 

Trenton Ave. and William St., Philadephia, PA 19134. 

3440 Fairfield Rd., Baltimore, MD 21226. 

940 W. St. Paul Ave., Milwaukee, WI 53233. 

33 Avenue P, Newark, NJ 07105. 

P. 0. Box 2061R, Morristown, NJ 07960. 

1 Times Square, New York, NY" 10036. 

P. 0. Box 365, Morristown, NJ 07960. 

Columbia Rd. S Park Ave., Morristown, NJ 07960. 

P. 0. Box 2120, Houston, TX 77001. 

3943 Buffalo Ave., Niagara Falls, NY 14302. 

1685 S. Fairfax St., Denver, CO 80222. 

Ontario and Rorer Sts., Philadelphia, PA 19134. 

Brookside Ave., Ambler, PA 19002. 

74 Hudson Ave., Tanafly, NJ 07670. 

1 Hess Plaza, Woolridge, NJ 07095. 

Venango and F Sts., Philadelphia, PA 19134. 

P. 0. Box 3063, Paterson, NJ 07509. 

710 W. National Ave., Milwaukee, WI 53204. 

American Lane, Greenwich, CT 06830. 

2112 E. 223d St., Long Beach, CA 90810. 

Wayne, NJ 07470. 

129 Quidnick St., Coventry, RI 02816. 
910 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60680. 
910 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60680. 
P. 0. Box 360, Louisville, KY 40201. 
3135 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, OH 4411S. 
200 Rock Lane, Milford, CT 06460. 

130 E. Randolph Dr., Chicago, IL 60601. 

P. 0. Box 591, Tulsa, OK 74102. 

1 Stanton St., Marinette, WI 54143. 

1 Stanton St., Marinette, WI 54143. 

200 S. 1st St., Elizabethport, NJ 07206. 

899 Skokie Blvd., Northbrook, IL 60062. 

130 Penn St., El Segundo, CA 90245. 

2855 Walnut St., Boulder, CO 80302. 

840 Valley Brook Ave., Lyndhurst, NJ 07071. 

40-33 23d St., Long Island City, NJ 11101. 

Wayne, NJ 07470. 

185 Foundry St., Newark, NJ 07105. 

P. 0. Box 825, Helena, AK 72342. 

Ill E. Wacker Dr., Chicago, IL 60601. 

Ill E. Wacker Dr., Chicago, IL 60601. 



248 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 

TABLE 1. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1970 — Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Armour Pharmaceutical Co 

Armstrong Chemco, Inc 

Armstrong Cork Co 

Arol Chemical Products Co 

Arsynco, Inc 

Ashland Oil, Inc 

Ashland Chemical Co. Div 

Astor Products, Inc., Blue Arrow Div 

Astra Pharamaceutical Products, Inc^ — •- 

Atco Chemical Industrial Products, Inc., 

Fine Chemicals Div. 

Atlantic Chemical Corp 

Atlantic Richfield Co., ARCO Chemical Co. 

Div. 

Atlas Chemical Industries, Inc 

Atlas Processing Co 

BASF Wyandotte Corp 

BP Oil Corp 

Baird Chemical Industries 

J. T. Baker Chemical Co 

Baltimore Paint 5 Chemical Corp 

Baxter Laboratories, Inc 

Bayoil Co., Inc 

Beecham, Inc 

Beech-Nut, Inc ■ 

Belding Chemical Industries 

Bendix Corp. , Friction Materials Div 

Bennett's . — 

Benzenoid Organics, Inc-- 

Berncolors-Poughkeepsie, In.c 

Blackman-llhler Chemical Co — - 

Borden, Inc., Borden Chemical Div-- 

Borg-Warner Corp., Marbon Chemical Div--- 

Bristol-Meyers Co., Bristol Laboratories Div 

M. A. Bruder (j Sons, Inc 

Buckeye Cellulose Corp 

Buckman Laboratories, Inc- ^ -- 

Budd Co., Polychem Div-- --. 

Burdick 5 uTackson Laboratories, Inc. — 

Burroughs Wellcome Co. 

CF Industries, Inc., Fel-Tex Plant- 

CPC International, Inc 

Acme Resin Co. Div- — -- — . 

Penick Div--- 

Samuel Cabot, Inc . . 

Calcasieu Chemical Corp-. — 

Carborundum Co., Coated Abrasives Div 

Cargill, Inc 

Carpenter-Morton Co -. 

Carus Chemical Co., Inc- 

Celanese Corp. of America-^ — ^ — -— 

Celanese Coatings Co- ^--. ---. — --— 

Champlin Petroleimi Co., Corpus Christ! 
Refinery 

Charmin Paper Products Co 

Charter International Oil Co --- 

Chase Chemical Corn 

Chattem Drug 5 Chemical Co., Chattem 
Chemicals Div 

Chemagro Com . 

Chembond Com 

Chemetron Corp.: 

National Cylinder Gas Div 

Organic Chemical Div 

Pigments Div 



P. 0. Box 511, Kankakee, IL 60901. 

1330 S. Kolbourn Ave., Chicago, IL 60623. 

Liberty and Charlotte Sts., Lancaster, PA 17604. 

371 Wayne St., Jersey City, NJ 07072. 

P. 0. Box 8, Carlstadt, NJ 07072. 

1401 Winchester Ave., Ashland, KY 41101. 

1701 N. High St., Columbus, OH 43215 and P. 0. Box 149, 

Baytown, TX 77520. 
P. 0. Box B, Jacksonville, FL 32203. 
7-1/2 Neponset St., Worcester, MA 01606. 
93 Main St., Franklin, NJ 07416. 

10 Kingsland Rd., Nutley, NJ 07110. 

260 S. Broad St., Philadelphia, PA 19101. 

Wilmington, DE 19899 and P. 0. Box 87, Joplin, MO 64801. 
P. 0. Box 9188, 3S46 Midway St., Shreveport, LA 71109. 

100 Cherry Hill Rd. , Parsippany, NJ 07054 

and 1609 Biddle Ave., Wyandotte, MI 48192. 
Midland Bldg., Cleveland. OH 44115. 
22-10 Route 208, Fair Lawn, NJ 07410. 
222 Red School Lane, Philipsburg, NJ 08865. 
2325 Hollins Ferry Rd., Baltimore, md 21230. 
6301 Lincoln Ave., Morton Grove, IL 60053. 
2 Union St., Peabody, MA 01960. 
65 Industrial S., Clifton, NJ 07012. 
Church St., Canaioharie, NY 13317. 
1439 Broadway, New York, NY 10018. 
P. 0. Box 238, Troy, NY 12180. 
65 W. Ist S. St., Salt Lake City, IIT 84110. 
P. n. Box 157, Bellingham, MA 02019. 
75 N. Water St., Poughkeepsie, NY 12602. 
P. 0. Box 5627, Spartanburg, SC 29301. 
350 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10017. 
P. 0. Box 68, Washington, W\' 26181. 
19 Mony Plaza, E. Syracuse, NY 13201. 
52d St. and Grays Ave., Philadelphia, "A 19143. 
2899 Jackson Ave., Memphis, TN 38108. 
12S6 N. McLean Blvd., Memphis, TN 38108. 
70 S. Chapel St., Newark, DE 19711. 
1953 S. Harvey St., Muskegon, MI 49442. 
3030 CoTOwalles Rd. Research Triangle Park, NC 27709. 

P. 0. Box 68, Fremont, NB 68025. 

International Plaza, Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632. 

1401 Circle Ave., Forest Park, IL 60130. 

100 Church St., New York, NY 10008. 

One Union St., Boston, MA 02108. 

P. 0. Box 1522, Lake Charles, LA 70601. 

Walmore, Rd., P. 0. Box 477, Niagara Falls, NY 14304. 

Cargill Bldg., Miimeanolis, m 55402. 

376 3d St., Everett, MA 02149. 

1375 8th St., LaSalle, IL 61301. 

522 5th Ave., New York, NY 10036. 

1495 S. 11th St., Louisville, KY 40208. 

P. 0, Box 9176, Corpus Christi, TX 78408. 

800 Hoberg St., Green Bay, WI 54305. 
P. 0. Box 5008, Houston, TX 77012. 
3527 Smallman St., Pittsburgh, PA 15201. 
1715 W. 38th St., Chattanooga, TN 37409. 

P. 0. Box 4913, Station "F", Kansas City, md 64120. 
P. o. Box 270, Springfield, OR 97477. 

840 N. Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60611. 
P. 0. Box 480, Newport, TN 37821. 
491 Columbia Ave., Holland, MI 49423. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 249 

-Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manirfacturers, by company, 1970--Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Chem-Fleur, Inc 

Chemical Formulators, Inc 

Chemlek Laboratories, Inc 

Chemol, Inc 

Chemplex Co 

Cherokee Nitrogen Co 

Chevron Chemical Co 

Childs Pulp Colors, Inc 

Chri-Hansen' s Laboratory, Incr 

Chris-Craft Industries, Inc., Montrose 
Chemical Div. 

Ciba-Geigy Corp 

Ciba Agrochemical Co 

Ciba Pharmaceutical Co 

Ciba Products Div 

Cincinnati Milacron Chemicals, Inc 

Cities Service Co.: 

Copperhill Operations 

Levey Div 

Petrochemicals Div., Chemicals Div 

Petrochemicals Group 

Cities Service Oil Co 

Clark Oil S Refining Corp., Clark Chemical 

Co 

W. A. Cleary Corp 

Clintwood Chemical Co- 

Coastal States Petrochemical Co 

Colgate-Palmolive Co ^ 

Collier Carbon S Chemical Corp 

Colloids, Inc 

Colonial Sugars Co., Sucro-Chemical Div 

Columbia Nipro Corp 

Columbia Nitrogen Corp 

Commercial Products Co., Inc 

Commercial Solvents Corp 

Commonwealth Oil Refining Co., Inc 

Commonwealth Petrochemicals, Inc., Sub. of 

Commonwealth Oil Refining Co., Inc. 

Concord Chemical Co., Inc 

Conoco Plastics 

Consolidated Papers, Inc 

Contijiental Chemical Co 

Continental Oil Co 

Cook Paint 5 Varnish Co- 

Cooperative Farm Chemicals Association 

Coopers Creek Chemical Corp 

Copolymer Rubber 5 Chemical Corp 

Cosden Oil § Chemical Co 

Crest Chemical Corp 

Croda:, Inc 

Crompton § Knowles Corp., Althouse Div 

Crosby Chemicals, Inc 

Crown Central Petroleum Corp 

Crown Metro, Inc 

Croivn Zellerbach Corp., Chemical Products 

Div. 

Dan River Mills, Inc 

Dart Industries, Inc.: 

Azetec Chemicals Div 

Fiberfil Div 

Davies-Young Co^ 

Dawe's Laboratories, Inc 

Degen Oil § Chemical Co 



200 Pulaski St., Newark, NJ 07105. 

P. 0. Box 26, Nitro, WV 25143. 

4040 W. 123d St., Alsip, IL 60658. 

P. 0. Box' 20687, Greensboro, NC 27420. 

3100 Golf Rd., Rolling Meadows, IL 60008. 

P. 0. Box 429, Pryor, OK 74361. 

200 Bush St., San Francisco, CA 94120. 

43 Summit St., Brooklyn, NY 11231. 

9015 W. Maple St., Milwaukee, WI S3214. 

100 Lister Ave., Newark, NJ 07105. 

444 Saw Mill River Rd. , Ardsley, NY 10502. 
556 Morris Ave., Summit, NJ 07901. 
556 Morris Ave., Summit, NJ 07901. 
556 Morris Ave., Summit, NJ 07901. 
500 Jersey Ave., New Brunswick, NJ 08903. 
and West St., Reading, OH 45215. 

Copperhill, TN 37317. 

630 Glendale-Milford Rd., Cincinnati, OH 45215. 

P. 0. Box 1522, Lake Charles, LA 70601. 

60 Wall St., New York, NY 10005. 

P. 0. Box 300, Tulsa, OK 74101. 

131st St. § Kedzie Ave., Blue Island, IL 60406. 

P. 0. Box 749, New Brunswick, NJ 08903. 

4342 S. Wolcoth Ave., Chicago, IL 60609. 

P. 0. Drawer, Corpus Christi, TX 78403. 

300 Park Ave., New York, NY 10022. 

461 S. Boyston, Los Angeles, CA 90017. 

394 Frelinghuysen Ave., Newark, NJ 07114. 

Gramercy, LA 70052. 

P. 0. Box 1483, Augusta, GA 3D903. 

P. 0. Box 1483, Augusta, GA 30903. 

117 Ethel Ave., Hawthorne, NJ 07641. 

245 Park Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

P. 0. Box 3623, Ponce, PR 00731. 

P. 0. Box 3623, Ponce, PR 00731. 

17th 5 Federal Sts., Camden, NJ 08105. 

P. 0. Box 236, Wilton, CT 06897. 

Wisconsin Rapids, WI 54494. 

270 Clifton Blvd., Clifton, NJ 07015. 

Park-Eighty Plaza East, Saddle Brook, NJ 07662. 

P. 0. Box 389, Kansas City, MO 64141. 

P. 0. Box 308, Lawrence, KS 66044. 

River Rd., W. Conshohocken, PA 19428. 

P. 0. Box 2591, Baton Rouge, LA 70821. 

P. 0. Box 1311, Big Spring, TX 79720. 

225 Emmet St., Newark, NJ 07114. 

51 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10010. 

500 Pear St., Reading, PA 19603. 

P. '0. Box 460, DeRidder, LA 70634. 

P. 0. Box 1168, Baltimore, MD 21203. 

12 Dudley St., Providence, RI 02905. 

Camas, WA 98607. 



Danville, VA 24541. 

P. 0. Box 756, Elyria, OH 44035. 

1701 N. Heidelbach Ave., Evansville, IL 47717. 

705 Albany St., Dayton, OH 45401. 

450 State St., Chicago, IL 60430. 

200 Kellogg St., Jersey City, NJ 07305. 



250 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 

TABLE 1. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1970--Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Dennis Chemical Co 

DePaul Chemical Co., Inc 

DeSoto, Inc 

Detrex Chemical Industries, Inc 

Dexter Chemical Corp 

Hysol Div 

Midland Div 

Diamond Plastics, Inc 

Diamond Shamrock Corp 

Dixie Chemical Co 

Dixie Chemical Products, Inc 

Dixie Pine Products Co., Inc 

Dole Co. Div. of Castle 5 Cook, Inc 

Dominion Products, Inc 

Dover Chemical Co 

Dow Badische Chemical Co 

Dow Chemical Co 

Dow Corning Corp 

Drew Chemical Corp 

Frank W. Dunne Co 

DuPlan Corp. , Rochester Button Div 

E. I. duPont de Nemours § Co., Inc 

Dye Specialties, Inc 

Eastern Color § Chemical Co- 

Eastman Kodak Co 

Tennessee Eastman Co. Div 

Texas Eastman Co. Div 

East Shore Chem.ical Co., Inc 

Eastside Chemical Laboratory 

Elan Chemical Co 

Electro-Seal Glasflex Corp 

El Paso Products Co 

Emery Industries, Inc 

Emkay Chemical Co 

Endo Laboratories, Inc 

Enenco, Inc 

Enjay Chemical Co 

En jay Fibers § Laminates Co. Div 

Enzyme Development Corp 

Epoxylite Corp 

Essential Chemicals Corp 

Essex International, Inc., Electro- 
Mechanical Div. 

Ethyl Corp 

Evans Chemetics, Inc 

FMC <;orp . : 

American Viscose Div 

Inorganic Chemicals Div 

Niagara Chemical Div 

Organic Chemicals Div 

Nitro Plant-- 

FRP Co 

Fabricolor Manufacturing Corp 

Fairmont Chemical Go., Inc 

Farac Oil 5 Chemical Co. Div of Handschy 
Chemical Co. 

Far-Best Corp., 0. L. King Div 

Farmers Chemical Association, Inc 

Farmer'.s Chemical Co 

Farnow, Inc 



2701 Papin St., St. Louis, MO 63103. 

44-27 Purvis St., Long Island City, NY 11101. 

1700 S. Mt. Prospect Ave., Des Plaines, IL 60018. 

14331 Woodrow Wilson, Detroit MI 48232. 

845 Edgewater Rd., Bronx, NY 10474. 

211 Franklin St., Olean, NY 14760. 

E. Water St., P. 0. Box 620, Waukegan, IL 60085. 

P. 0..BOX 666, Paramount, CA 90723. 

300 Union Commerce Bldg,, Cleveland, OH 44114. 

3635 W. Dallas Ave., Houston, TX 77019. 

3635 W. Dallas Ave., Houston, TX 77019; 

P. 0. Box 470, Hattiesburg, MS 39401. 

P. 0. Box 3380, Honolulu, HI 96801 

882 3d Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11232. 

W. 15th and Davis Sts., Dover, OH 44622. 

P. 0. Drawer "D", Williamsburg, VA 23605. 

Hopkins Bldg., Midland, MI 48640. 

P. 0. Box 1592, Midland, MI 48640. 

416 Division St., Boonton, NJ 07005. 

1007 41st.. Oakland, CA 94608. 

300 State St., Bochester, NY 14614. 

DuPont Bldg., Wilmington, DE 19898. 

26 Journal Sq., Jersey City, NJ 07306. 

35 Livingston St., Providence, RI 02904. 

343 State St., Rochester, NY 14650. 

P. 0. Box 511, Kingsport, IN 37662. 

P. 0. Box 7444, Longview, TX 75601. 

1221 Barney Ave., Muskegon, MI 49443. 

12880 NE Bellerae-Richmond Rd., Bellevue, WA 98005. 

268 Doremus Ave., Newark, NJ 07105. 

Plainfield, Stirling, NJ 07980. 

P. 0. Box 3986, Odessa, TX 79760. 

4300 Carew Tower, Cincinnati, OH 45202 and 

8733 S. Dice Rd., Santa Fe Springs, CA 90670. 
319 2d St., Elizabeth, NJ 07206. 
1000 Stewart Ave., Garden City, NY 11530. 
P. 0. Box 398, Memphis, TN 38101. 
P. 0. Box 201, Florham Park, NJ 07932. 
Odenton, MD 21113. 
2 Penn Plaza, New York, NY 10001. 
1428 Santa Anita, S. El Monte, CA 91733. 
28391 Essential Rd., Merton, WI 53056, 
1200 Rochester Ave., Muncie, IN 47302. 

330 S. 4th St., Richmond, VA 23217. 
90 Tokeneke Rd., Darien, CT 06820. 



1617 John F. Kennedy Blvd., Philadelphia, PA 19103. 
633 3d Ave., New York, NY 10017 and Sawyer Ave. 5 

River Rd., Town of Tonawanda, NY 14150. 
100 Niagara St., Middleport, NY 14105. 
633 3d Ave., New York, NY 10017. 
633 3d Ave., New York, NY 10017. 
P. 0. Box 349,-Baxley, GA 31S13. 
24-1/2 Van Houten St. , Paterson, NJ 07505. 
117 Blanchard St., Newark, NJ 07105. 
13601 S. Ashland Ave., Riverdale, IL 60627. 

640 Oilman St., Berkeley, CA 94710. 

P. 0. Box 87, Harrison, TN 37341. 

P. 0. Box 591, 3713 W. Main St., Kalamazoo, MI 490 

77 Jacobus Ave., S. Kearny, NJ 07032. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 251 

TABLE 1. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1970--Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Felton International, Inc 

Ferro Corp. : 

Ferro Chemical Div 

Ottawa Chemical Div 

Fine Organics, Inc 

Firestone Tire § Rubber Co.: 

Firestone Foam Products Co 

Firestone Plastics Co. Div 

Firestone Synthetic Rubber 6 Latex Co. Di' 

First Chemical Corp 

Fisher Chemical Co., Inc 

Fleming Laboratories, Inc 

Florasynth Laboratories, Inc 

Foote Mineral Co 

Formica Corp 

Foster Grant Co., Inc 

Foster-Heaton Co 

France, Campbell § Darling, Inc 

Freeman Chemical Corp 

Frisch 5 Co. , Inc 

Fritzsche Dodge § Olcott, Inc 

H. B. Fuller Co 

Fuller-O'Brien Corp 

GAF Corp: 

Chemical Div 

Textile Chemical Div 

Cane's Chemical Works, Inc ' 

General Electric Co 

Insulating Materials Dept 

Silicone Products Dept 

General Foods Corp., Maxwell House Div 

General Latex § Chemical Corp 

General Mills Chemicals, Inc 

General Plastics Manufacturing Co 

General Tire § Rubber Co., Chemical Div 

P. D. George Co 

George A. .Jeffreys 5 Co 

Georgia-Pacific Corp. : 

Bellingham Div 

Coos Bay Div 

Getty Oil Co 

Gillette Chemical Co. Div. of Gillette Co- 

Gilman Paint 5 Varnish Co 

Givaudan Corp 

Glyco Chemicals, Inc 

B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich Chemical 
Co. Div. 

Goodyear Tire § Rubber Co 

Gordon Corp 

Gordon Chemical Co., Inc 

W. R. Grace § Co. : 

Agricultural Chemical Group 

Dubois Chemicals Div 

Hampshire Chemical Div 

Hatco Chemical Div 

Marco Chemical Div 

Polymers 6. Chemicals 'Div- 

Vestal Laboratories Div 

Grain Processing Corp 

Great American Chemical Corp 

Great Lakes Chemical Corp 

Great Western Sugar Co- 



599 Johnson Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11237. 

P. 0. Box 349, 7050 Kreck Rd., Bedford, OH 44146. 
700 N. Wheeling St., Toledo, OH 43605. 
205 Main St., Lodi, NJ 07644. 

P. 0. Box 2290, Fall River, MA 02777. 

P. 0. Box 699, Pottstown, PA 19464. 

381 W. Wilbeth Rd., Akron, OH 44301. 

P. 0. Box 1427, Pascagoula, MS 39567. 

5200 Paul G. Blazer Memorial Pkwy. , Columbus, OH 43216. 

P. 0. Box 10373, Charlotte, NC 28201. 

900 Van Nest Ave., Bronx, NY 10462. 

Route 100, Exton, PA 19341. 

Formica Bldg., 120 E. 4th St., Cincinnati, OH 45202. 

289 N. Main St., Leominster, MA 01453. 

16 E. 5th St., Paterson, NJ 07524. 

N. Michigan Ave., Kenilworth, NJ 07033. 

222 E. Main St., Port Washington, WI 53074. 

88 E. 11th St., Paterson, NJ 07524. 

76 9th Ave., New York, NY 10011. 

2400 Kasota Ave., St. Paul, MN 55108. 

450 E. Grand Ave., S. San Francisco, CA 94080. 



P. 0. Box 12, Linden, NJ 07036. 

1228 Chestnut St., Chattanooga, TN 37402. 

535 Sth Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

1 Plastics Ave., Pittsfield, MA 01201 and 

1 Plastics Ave., Coshocton, OH 43812. 
1 River Rd.,:"> Schenectady, NY 12305. 
Waterford, NY 12188. 
1125 Hudson St., Hoboken, NJ 07030. 
666 Main St., Cambridge, MA 02139. 
4620 W. 77th St., Mann, MN 55435 and 

So. Kensington Rd., Kankakee, IL 60901. 
3481 S. 35th St., Tacoma, WA 98409. 
1 General St., Akron, OH 44309. 
5200 N. 2d St., St. Louis, MO 63147. 
528 Chapman St., P. 0. Box 709, Salem, VA 24153. 

P. 0. Box 1236, Bellingham, WA 98225. 

P. 0. Box 869, Coos Bay, OR 97420. 

Delaware City, DE 19706. 

P. 0. Box 362, N. Chicago, IL 60064. 

W. 8th and Pine Sts. , Chattanooga, TN 37401. 

125 Delawanna Ave., Clifton, NJ 07014. 

Greenwich, CT 06830. 

3135 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, OH 44137. 

1144 E. Market St., Akron, OH 44313. 
300 S. 3d St., Kansas City, KS 66118. 
88 Webster St., Worcester, MA 01603. 

P. 0. Box 277, Memphis, TN 38101. 

Dubois Tower, Cincinnati, OH 45202. 

Poisson Ave., Nashua, NH. 03060. 

629 Amboy St., Edison, NJ 08817. 

1711 W. Elizabeth Ave., Linden, NJ 07036. 

62 Whittemore Ave., Cambridge, MA 02140. 

4963 Manchester Ave., St. Louis, MO 63110. 

1600 Oregon St., Muscatine, LA 52761. 

650 Water St., Fitchburg, MA 01420. 

P. 0. Box 2200, West Lafayette, IN 47906. 

P. 0. Box 5308, Terminal Annex, Denver, CO 80217. 



TABLE 1.- 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 
-Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1970--Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Guardsman Chemical Coatings, Inc 

Gulf Oil Corp.: 

Gulf Adhesives 

Gulf Oil Chemicals Co. - United States--- 
Guth Corp 

H S N Chemical Co 

Haag Laboratories, Inc 

Halby Products Co., Inc 

C. P. Hall Co. of Illinois 

Hampden Color § Chemical Co 

Hanna Chemical Coatings Corp 

Harshaw Chemical Co. Div. of Kewanee Oil Co 

Hart Products Corp 

Haveg Industries, Incr 

Hawkeye Chemical Co 

Hercor Chemical Corp 

Hercules, Inc 

Imperial Color 5 Chemical Dept 

Heresite 5 Chemical Co 

Hess Oil Virgin Islands Corp 

Heterochemical Corp 

Hewitt Soap Co., Inc 

Hexagon Laboratories, Inc 

Hodag Chemical Corp 

Hoffmann- LaRoche , Inc 

Hoffman-Taff, Inc 

Hooker Chemical Corp 

Durex Div 

Ruco Div 

E. F. Houghton & Co- 

Houston Chemical Corp 

Humphrey Chemical Co 

Philip A. Hunt Chemical Corp., Wayland 

Chemical Div. 

Huntington Laboratories, Inc 

Husky Briquetting, Inc 

Hynson, Kestcott 5 Dunning, Inc 

ICI America, Inc 

ITT Rayonier, Inc 

Industrial Dyestuff Co 

Inland Steel Co., Inland Steel Container Co 
Inmont Corp 

International Flavors § Fragrances, Inc 

International Minerals § Chemical Corp 

Interplastic Corp. , Commercial Resins Div-- 

lonac Chemical Co. Div. of Sybron Corp 

Ironsides Resins, Inc 

Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc 

Jennison-Wright Corp 

Andrew Jergens Co 

Jersey State Chemical Co 

Jewel Paint § Varnish Co 

Johns-Manville Corp 

S. C. Johnson 5 Son, Inc 

Jones-Blair Paint Co 

Jordan Chemical Co 

Kaiser Aluminum 5 Chemical Corp.: 

Kaiser Agricultural Chemicals Div 

Kaiser Chemical Div 

Kali Manufacturing Co 

Kay-Fries Chemicals, Inc 



1350 Steele Ave., SW. , Grand Rapids, MI 49502. 

632 No. Cannon Ave., Lansdale, PA 19446. 
P. 0. Box 2100, Houston,. TX 77001. 

332 S.' Center St., Hillside, IL 60162. 

90 Maltese Dr., Totowa, NJ 07512. 

14010 S. Seeley Ave., Blue Island, IL 60406. 

600 Terminal Ave., New Castle, DE 19720. 

7300 S. Central Ave., Chicago, IL 60638. 

126 Memorial Dr., Springfield, MA 01101. 

P. 0. Box 147, Columbus, OH 43216. 

1945 E. 97th St., Cleveland, OH 44106. 

1440 Broadway, New York, NY 10018. 

900 Greenbank Rd., Wilmington, DE 19808. 

P. 0. Box 899, Clinton, LA 52733. 

P. 0. Box 3623, Ponce, PR 00731. 

910 Market St., Wilmington, DE 19899. 

P. 0. Box 231, Glen Falls, NY 12803. 

822 S. 14th St., Manitowoc, WI 54220. 

Kingshell, P. 0. Box 127, St Croix, USVI 00850. 

Ill E. Hawthorne Ave., Valley Stream, NY 11580. 

333 Linden Ave., Dayton, OH 45403. 
3536 Peartree Ave., Bronx, NY 10469. 

7247 N. Central Park Ave., Skokie., IL 60076. 

324 Kingsland St., Nutley, NJ 07110. 

P. 0. Box 1246 S.S.S., Springfield, MO 65805. 

Buffalo Ave. § 47th St., Niagara Falls, NY 14302. 

Walck Rd., N. Tonawanda, NY 14121. 

New South Rd., Hicksville, NY 11802. 

303 W. Lehigh Ave.,' Philadelphia, PA 19133. 

1 Gateway Center., Pittsburgh, PA 15222. 

Devine St., North Haven, CT 06473. 

P. 0. Box 0, Lincoln, RI 02865. 

P. U. Box 710, Huntington, IN 46750. 

P. 0. Box 380, Cody, WY 82414. 

Charles and Chase Sts., Baltimore, MD 21201. 

151 South St., Stamford, CT 06904. 

161 E. 42d St., New York, NY 10017. 

P. 0. Box 4249, E. Providence, RI 02914. 

4300 W. 130th St., Chicago, IL 60658. 

1133 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10036. 

521 W. 57th St., New York, NY 10019. 

5401 Old Orchard Rd., Skokie, IL 60078. 

2015 NE. Broadway St., Minneapolis, MN 55413. 

Birmingham, NJ 08011. 

270 W. Mound St., Columbus, OH 43216. 

P. 0. Box 53300, Houston, TX 77052. 

P. 0. Box 691, Toledo, OH 43601. 

2535 Spring Grove Ave., Cincinnati, OH 45214. 

59 Lee Ave., Haledon, NJ 07508. 

345 N. Western Ave., Chicago, IL 60612. 

22 E. 40th St., New York, NY 10016. 

1525 Howe St., Racine, WI 53403. 

6969 Denton Dr., Dallas, TX 75235. 

1830 Columbia Ave., Folcraft, PA 19032. 



P. 0. Box 246, Savannah, GA 31402. 
P. 0. Box 337, Gramercy, LA 70052. 
427 Moyer St., Philadelphia, PA 19125. 
360 Lexington Ave.. New York, NY 10017. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 253 

TABLE 1. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1970-- Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Kelly-Moore Paint Co 

Kennecott Copper Corp.: 

Chino Mines Div — ' »_„-.-, — , , 

Utah Copner Div — 

Kenrich Petrochemicals, Inc 

Kerr-McGee Corp 

Keysor Chemical Corp 

Keystone Chemurgic Com 

Keystone Color Works, InC' 

Knapp Products, Inc ^ 

Kohler-McLister Paint Co 

H. Kohnstamm 5 Co. , Inc — -^ ' 

Koppers Co., Inc., Organic Materials Div 

Koppers Pittsburgh Co ■ 

Kraftco Corp. : 

Humko Products Div ■■ 

Sheffield Chemicals Div- 

Kyanize Paints, Inc — 

Lachat Chemicals, Inc 

Lakeside Laboratories Div. of Colgate- 
Palmolive Co. 

Lake States Div. of St. Regis Pacer Co 

Lakeway Chemical Co 

LaMotte Chemical Products Co 

Laurel Products Corp 

Leatex Chemical Co 

Lebanon Chemical Corn 

Lehn § Fink Products, Inc., Beacon Div 

Lemke Chemicals, Inc 

Leonard Refineries, Inc 

Lever Brothers Co 

C. Lever Co 

Eli Lilly f, Co- 

Lubrizol Corp 

George Lueders fi Co., Inc- 

M § T Chemicals, Inc 

Magruder Color Co., Inc 

Mallinckrodt Chemical Works 

Washine Div 

Marathon Oil Co., Texas Refining Div 

Marblette Co. Div. of Allied Products Corp 

Marden-Wild Corp 

Marlowe-Van Loan Corp 

Martin-Marietta Corp.: 

Ridgway Color S Chemical Div 

South'em Dyestuff Co. Div 

Max Marx Color § Chemical Co 

Masonite Corp., Alpine Chemical Div 

Matador Chemical Co., Inc 

Mathe Chemical Co. Div. of Norac Co., Inc- 

Otto B. May, Inc 

McCloskey Varnish Co ■ 

McLaughlin Gormley King Co 

Mead Johnson fi Co 

Merck S Co., Inc 

Merichera Co 

J. Meyer § Sons, Inc 

Michigan Chemical Corp 

Midwest Manufacturing Corp 

Miles Laboratories, Inc., Marschall Div 



1015 Commercial St., San Carlos, CA 94070. 

Hurley, MN 88043. 

P. 0. Box 11299 Salt Lake City, UT 84111. 

Foot of E. 22d St., Bayonne, NJ 07002. 

Robert S. Kerr Ave., Oklahoma City, OK 73102. 

26000 Snringfield Rd., Saugus, CA 91350. 

P. D. 2\ Bethlehem, Pa 18017. 

151 W. Gay Ave, York, PA 17403. 

180 Hamilton Ave., Lodi, NJ 07644. 

1201 Osage St., Denver, CO 80201. 

161 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10013. 

Kopners Bldg., Pittsburgh, PA 15219. 

Konners Bldg., Pittsburgh, PA 15219. 

P. 0. Box 398, Memphis, TN 38101. 

2400 Morris Ave., Union, NJ 07083. 

2d and Boston Sts., Everett, MA 02149. 

20200 Ashland Ave., Chicago Heights, IL 60411. 
1707 E. North Ave., Milwaukee, WI 53201. 

603 W. Davenport St., Rhinelander, WI 54501. 

5025 Evanston Ave., Muskegon. MI 49443. 

Chestertown, MD 21620. 

2600 E. Tioga St., Philadelphia, PA 19134. 

2722 N. Hancock St., Philadelphia, PA^ 19133. 

P. 0. Box 180, Lebanon, PA 17042. 

33 Richdale Ave., Cambridge, MA 02140. 

195-203 Main St., Lodi, NJ 07644. 

E. Superior St., Alma, mi 48801. 

390 Park Ave., New York, NY 10022. 

Howard and Huntington Sts., Philadelphia, PA 19133. 

307 E. McCarty St., Indianapolis, IN 46206 and G.P.O. 

Box 4388, San Juan, PR 00936. 
29400 Lakeland Blvd., Wickliffe, OH 44092. 
427 Washington St., New York, NY 10013. 

Woodridge Rd. fi Randolph Ave., P. 0. Box 1104, 

Pahway, NJ 07065. 
1 Virginia St., Newark, NJ 07114. 
3600 N. 2d St., St. Louis, MO 63147. 
165 Kain^St., Lodi, NJ 07644. 
P. 0. Box 1191, Texas City, TX 77590. 
37-31 30th St., Long Island City, NY 11101. 
500 Columbia St., Somerville, MA 02143. 
1511 Joshua Circle, Hieh Point, NC 27260. 

75 Front St., Ridgway., PA 15853. 

P. 0. Box 10098, Charlotte, NC 28201. 

192 Coit St., Irvington, NJ 07111. 

P. 0. Box 2392, Gulfport, ^«S 39503. 

P. O. Box 2256, Wichita, KS 67201. 

169 Kennedy Dr., Lodi, NJ 07644. 

52 Amsterdam St., Newark, NJ 07105. 

7600 State Rd., Philadelphia, PA 19136. 

1715 SE. 5th St., Minneapolis, MN 55414. 

2404 W. Penna. St. , Evansville, IN 47721. 

126 E. Lincoln Ave., Rahway, NJ 07065. 

1914 Haden Rd., Houston, TX 77015. 

4321 N. 4th St., Philadelphia, PA 19140. 

351 E. Ohio St., Chicago, IL 60611. 

Oak St. and Bluff Rd., Burlington, lA 52601. 

Myrtle 6 McNaughton Sts., Elkhart, IN 46514. 



254 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 

TABLE 1. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1970 — Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Millmaster Onyx Corp.: 

A. Gross § Co. Div 

Millmaster Chemical Div., Berkely 
Chemical Dept. 

Onyx Chemical Co. Div 

Refined-Onyx Div 

Mineral Oil Refining Co 

Minnesota Mining & Maufacturing Co 

Minnesota Paints, Inc 

Miranol Chemical Co., Inc 

Mississippi Chemical Corp 

Mobay Chemical Co 

Mobil Chemical Co 

Mobil Oil Corp 

Mobil Chemical Co., Industrial Chemical 
Div. 

Mona Industries, Inc 

Monochem, Inc 

Monsanto Co 

Bircham Bend Plant 

Chocolate Bayou Plant 

Plastics Div 

Textiles Div 

Montrose Chemical Corp. of California 

Mooney Chemicals, Inc 

Moretex Chemical Products, Inc 

Morton Chemical Co 

Morton International, Inc., 
Morton Chemical Co. Div. 

Motomco, Incr-- 

Murphy-Phoenix Co 

Nalco Chemical Co 

National Biochemical Co 

National Casein Co 

National Distillers 5 Chemical Corp., U.S 
Industrial Chemicals Co. Div. 

National Lead Co 

National Milling 5 Chemical Co 

National Petro Chemical Corp 

National Polychemicals, Inc 

National Starch 8 Chemical Corp 

Nease Chemical Co., Inc 

Nepera Chemical Co., Inc 

Neville Chemical Co 

Nilok Chemicals, Inc., Hilton-Davis 
Chemical Co. 

Nipak, Inc 

Nitini, Inc. Div. of Shulton, Inc 

Norac Co., Inc 

Norda Essential Oil § Chemical Co., Inc — 

Norris Paint § Varnish Co 

North American Chemical Co 

North American Rockwell Corp., Re- 
inforced Plastics Operations, Automotive 
Products Div. 
Northern Petrochemical Co 

Northrop Carolina, Inc 



99 Park Ave., New York; NY 10016. 
99 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 

190 Warren St., Jersey City, NJ 07302. 

624 Schuyler Ave., Lyndhurst, NJ 07071. 

P. 0. Drawer C, Dickinson, TX 77539. 

3M Center, St. Paul, MN 55101. 

1101 S. 3d St., Minneapolis, MN 55415 

277 Coit St., Irvington, NJ 07111. 

P. 0. Box 388, Yazoo City, MS 39194. 

Penn Lincoln Parkway, W. Pittsburgh, PA 15205. 

P. 0. Box 3868, Beaumont, TX 77704; 7301 Bessemer Ave., 

Cleveland, OH 44127 and P.O. Box 250, Edison, NJ 

08817. 
P. 0. Box 900, Dallas, TX 75221. 
801 E. Main St., Richmond, VA 23219. 

65 E. 23d St., Paterson, NJ 07524. 

P. 0. Box 488, Geismar, LA 70734. 

P. 0. Box 120, Santa Clara, CA 95052 and 800 N. 

Lindergh Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63166. 
190 Grochmal Ave., Indian Orchard, MA 01051. 
P. 0. Box 711, Alvin, TX 77511. 
730 Worcester St., Indian Orchard, MA 01101; 

5100 W. Jefferson Ave., Trenton, MI 48183; 

River Rd., Addyston, OH 45001 and P. 0. Box 1311, 

Texas City, TX 77591. 
800 N. Linbergh Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63166 and P. 0. 

Box 1507, Pensacola, Fl 32503. 
500- S. Virgil Ave., Los: Angeles, CA 90005. 
2301 Scranton Rd., Cleveland, OH 44113. 

314 W. Henry St., P. 0. Box 1799, Spartanbury, SC 29301. 
110 N. Wacker Dr., Chicago, IL 60606. 
110 N. Wacker Dr., Chicago, IL 60606. 



89 Terminal Ave. , 
9505 Cassius Ave. 



Clark, NJ 07066. 
, Cleveland, OH 44105. 



180 N. Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60601. 
3127 W. Lake St., Chicago, IL 60612. 
601 W. 80th St., Chicago, IL 60620. 

99 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 

Ill Broadway, New York, NY 10006. 

4601 Flat Rock Rd., Philadelphia, PA 19127. 

99 Park Ave., New York NY 10016. 

51 Eames St., Wilmington, MA 01887. 

750 3d Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

P. 0. Box 221, State College, PA 16801. 

Route 17, Harriman, NY 10926. 

Neville Island P.O., Pittsburgh, PA 15225. 

2235 Langdon Farm Rd., Cincinnati, OH 45230. 

301 S. Harwood St., Dallas, TX 75221. 

697 Rt. 46, Clifton, NJ 07015. 

405 S. Motor Ave., Azusa, CA 91703. 

475 10th Ave., New York, NY 10001. 

P. 0. Box 2023, Salem, OR 97308. 

19 Chestnut St., Cambridge, MA 02139. 

4601 Benefit Ave., Ashtabula, OH 44004. 



2200 E. Devon Ave., Des Plaines, IL 60018. 
P. 0. Box 3049, Asheville, NC 28802. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 255 

TABLE 1. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1970- -Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Northwestern Chemical Co --- 

Northwest Petrochemical Corp-- ■ 

Norwich Pharmacal Co ■ 

Nostrip Chemical Works, Inc 

Noury Chemical Corp 

Novamont Corp., Neal Works 

Nyanza, Inc 

O'Brien Corp --' 

Occidental Chemical Co 

Clin Corp ■ --- 

Agricultural Chemicals Div 

Thompson Plastics 

Orbis Products Corp 

Organics, Inc 

Original Bradford Soap Works, Inc 

Ott Chemical Co 

Owens-Corning Fiberglas Corp 

Oxirane Chemical Co- -■ ■ 

P-L Biochemicals, Inc 

PPG Industries, Inc 

Pabco Paint Corp 

Pace National Corp 

Pacific Resins § Chemical Co 

Pantasote Co. of New York, Inc 

Parke Davis § Co 

Passaic Color 5 Chemical Co 

C. H. Patrick § Co., Inc 

Pears all Co 

Peck's Products Co 

Peerless Chemical Co -^-^--- -— 

Pelron Corp 

Pennsylvania Industrial Chemical Corp 

Pennsylvania Refining Co 

Pennwalt Corp 

Lucidol Div 

Perry § Derrick Co., Inc 

Peter Hand, Inc 

Petrochemicals Co., Inc 

Petrochemical Investment Corp 

Petro-Tex Chemical Corp 

Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc 

Pfister Chemical, Inc 

Pfizer, Inc ' 

Pharmachem Corp 

Phillips Petroleum Co 

Phillips Pacific Chemical Co 

Phillips Puerto Rico Core, Inc 

Pierce Chemical Co 

Pilot Chemical Co 

Pioneer Chemical Works, Inc-- 

Pioneer Plastics Corp 

Pitman-Moore, Inc 

Pitt-Consol Chemical Co 

Plastics Engineering Co ^--,-, — 

Plastics Manufacturing Co-^ ^ — 

Plex Chemical Corp 

Plumb Chemical Corp 

Polak's Frutal Works, Inc-- 

Polychemical Laboratories, Inc — 

Polymer Corp 

Polymer Industries, Inc • 

Poly Resins 

Polyrez Co., Inc — 

Polyvinyl Chemicals, Inc. Div. of 

Beatrice Foods Co. 



120 N. Aurora St., W. Chicago, IL 60185. 

P. 0. Box 99, Anacortes, WA 98221. 

17 Eaton Ave., Norwich, NY 13815. 

P. 0. Box 160, Pedrichtown, NJ 08067. 

2153 Lockuort-Olcott Rd. , Burt, NY 14028. 

P. 0. Box 189, Kenova, W 25530. 

Maguno Rd. , Ashland, MA 01721. 

2001 W. Washington Ave., South Bend, IN 46621. 

P. 0. Box 198, Lathrop, CA 95330. 

120 Long Ridge Rd. , Stamford, CT 06904. 

1120 ^%rshall St., P. 0. Box 991, Little "ock, AR 72203. 

238 S. i^iain St., Assonet, m 02702. 

475 10th Ave, New York, NY 10018. 

1724 W. Greenleaf Ave., Chicago, IL 60628. 

200 Providence St., W. Warwick, RI 02893. 

500 Agard Rd. , ?'uskegon, MI 49945. 

P. 0. Box 901, Toledo, OH 43601. 

10801 Choate Rd., Houston, TX 77062. 

1037 W. McKinley Ave., Milwaukee, WI 53205. 

1 Gateway Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15222. 
P. 0. Box 8502, Emeryville, CA 94608. 

4501 Shilshole Ave., N.W., Seattle, WA 98107. 

3400 13th Ave., SW. , Seattle, WA 98134. 

26 Jefferson St., Passaic, NJ 07055. 

Jos. Campau at the River, Detroit, MI 48207. 

28-36 Paterson St., Paterson, NJ 07501. 

P. 0. Box 2526, Greensville, SC 29602. 

P. 0. Box 108, Phillipsburg, NJ 08865. 

610 E. Clarence Ave., St. Louis, MO 63147. 

12416 Cloverdale, Detroit, MI 48204. 

7847 W. 47th St., Lyons, PL 60534. 

120 State St., Clairton, PA 15025. 

Union Bank Bldg. , Butler, PA 16001. 

Three Penn Center, Philadelphia, PA 19102. 

1740 Military Rd., Buffalo, NY 14240. 

2510 Highland Ave., Norwood, OH 45212. 

2 E. Madison St., Waukegan, IL 60085. 
P. n. Box 2199, Fort Worth, TX 76101. 
P. 0. Drawer F, Channelview, TX 77530. 
P. 0. Box 2584, Houston, TX 77001. 

1219 Glen Rock Ave., Waukegan, IL 60085. 

P. 0. Box 15, Ridgefield, NJ 07657. 

235 E. 42d St., New York, NY 10017. 

Broad and Wood Sts., Bethlehem, PA 18018. 

4440 Frank Phillips Bldg., Bartlesville, OK 74003. 

P. 0. Box 6008, Kennewich, WA 99336. 

GPO Box 4129, San Juan, PR 00936. 

P. O. Box 117 Rockford, IL 61105. 

11756 Burke St., Santa Fe .Springs, CA 90670. 

P. 0. Box 237, Route 73, Manle Shade, NJ 08052. 

Pionite Rd. , Auburn, me 04210. 

Fort Washington, PA 19034. 

191 Doremus Ave., Newark, NJ 07105. 

1607 Geele Ave., Sheboygan, WI 53081. 

2700 S. Westmoreland Ave., Dallas, TX 75224. 

1205 Atlantic St., Union City, CA 94487. 

4837 James St., Philadelphia, PA 19137. 

33 Snrague Ave., »!iddletown, NY 10940. 

490 Hunts Point Ave., Bronx, NY 10474. 

2120 Fairmont Ave., Reading, PA 19603. 

Viaduct Rd., Springdale, CT 06879. 

11655 Wicks St"., Sun Valley, CA 91352. 

P. 0. Box 320, Woodbury, NJ 08096. 

730 Main St., Wilmington, MA 01887. 



256 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 

TABLE 1. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1970 — Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Pratt § Lambert, Inc 

Premier Malt Products, Inc 

Premier Petrochemical Co 

Princeton Chemical Research, Inc 

Procter § Gamble Co 

Proctor Chemical Co. , Inc 

Productol Chemical Co., Inc 

Products Research § Chemical Corp 

Publicker Industries, Inc 

Puerto Rico Chemical Co., Inc 

Pur ex Corp . , Ltd 

Puritan Chemical Co 

Quaker Chemical Corp 

Quaker Oats Co 

K. J. Quinn § Co., Inc 

R.S.A. Corp 

Rachelle Laboratories, Inc 

Raybestos-Manhattan, Inc., Raybestos Div-- 

Red Spot Paint § Varnish Co., Inc 

Reheis Chemical Co. Div. of Armour 

Pharmaceutical Co. 
Reichhold Chemicals, Inc 

Reilly Tar § Chemical Corp 

Reliance Universal, Inc, of Texas 

Rel-Rez Div 

Remington Arms Co. , Inc 

Resyn Corp 

Retzloff Chemical Co 

Rexene Polymers Co 

Rhodia, Inc 

Richardson Co 

Polymeric Div 

Riker Laboratories, Inc., Sub. of 3M Co — 

F. Ritter § Co 

Ritter Chemical Co., Inc 

Riverdale Chemical Co 

Robeco Chemicals, Inc 

Roberts Chemicals Div. of Security 

Chemicals, Inc. 

Roehr Chemicals, Inc 

Rogers Corp 

Rohm S Haas Co 

Rosenberg Bros. 5 Co 

Royce Chemical Co 

Rubicon Chemicals, Inc 

SCM Corp. and Glidden-Durkee Div 

Safeway Stores, Inc., Brookside Div 

Salem Oil § Grease Co 

Salsbury Laboratories 

Sandoz, Inc., Sandoz Color § Chemical Div- 

Sartomer Resins, Inc 

Schaefer Varnish Co., Inc 

Schenectady Chemicals, Inc 

Scher Bros., Inc 

R. P. Scherer Corp 

Sobering Corp 

Scholler Bros., Inc 

Scientific Protein Labs 



P. 0. Box 22, Buffalo, NY 14240. 

917 W. Juneau Ave., Milwaukee, WI S3201. 

P. 0. Box 100, Pasadena, TX 77501 

P. 0. Box 651, Princeton, NJ 08540. 

Ivorydale Technical Ctr., Cincinnati, OH 45217. 

P. 0. Box 399, Salisbury, NC 28144. 

13215 E. Penn St., Whittier, CA 90602. 

2919 Empire Ave., Burbank, CA 91504. 

1429 Walnut St., Philadelphia, PA 19102. 

P. 0. Box 496, Arecibo, PR 00613. 

5101 Clark Ave., Lakewood, CA 90712 and 

2244 N. Elston Ave., Chicago, IL 60614. 
916 Ashby St., NW. , Atlanta, GA 30318. 

Lime 5 Elm Sts., Conshohocken, PA 19428. 

345 Merchandise Mart Plaza, Chicago, IL 60654. 

195 Canal St., Maiden, MA 02148. 

690 Sawmill River Rd. , Ardsley, NY 10502. 
700 Henry Ford Ave., Long Beach, CA 90810. 
74 E. Main St., Strafford, CT 06497. 
966 E. Columbia St., Evansville, IN 47708. 
325 Snyder Ave., Berkeley Heights, NJ 07922. 

525 N. Broadway, White Plains, NY 10602 and 

2508 E. Bailey Rd., Cviyahoga Falls, OH 44221. 
1615 Merchants Bank,; Indianapolis, IN 46204. 
6901 Cavalcade St., Houston, TX 77001. 
4730 Crittenden Dr., Louisville, KY 40221. 
939 Barnum Ave., Bridgeport, CT 06602. 
1401 W. Blancke St., Linden, NJ 07036. 
P. 0. Box 45296, Houston, TX 77045. 
P. 0. Box 37, Paramus, NJ 07652. 
600 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10022. 
2708 Lake St., Melrose Park, IL 60160. 
425 Morgan Lane, West Haven, CT 065] fi. 
19901 Nordhoff St., Northridge, CA 91324. 
4001 Goodwin Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90039. 
403 W. Main St. , Amsterdam, NY 12010. 
220 E. 17th St., Chicago Heights, IL 60411. 
51 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10010. 
P. 0. Box 546, Nitro, W 25143. 

52-20 37th St., Long Island City, NY 11101. 

Main St., Rogers, CT 06263. 

Independence Mall West, Philadelphia, PA 19105. 

100 Landing Ave., Smithtoim, NY 11787. 

P. 0. Box 237, E, Rutherford, NJ 07073 

P. 0. Box 517, Geismar, LA 70734. 

900 Union Commerce Bldg., Cleveland, OH 44115 and 
2333 W. Logan Blvd., Chicago, IL 60647. 

1111 Marina Blvd., San Leandro, CA 94577. 

60 Grove St., Salem, MA 01970. 

2000 Rockford Rd. , Charles City, lA 50616. 

P. 0. Box 357, Fair Lawn, NJ 07410 and Route No. 10, 
Hanover, NJ 07936. 

P. 0. Box 56, Essington, PA 19029. 

1350 S. 15th St., Louisville, KY 40210. 

Congress St. and 10th Ave., Schenectady, NY 12301. 

P. 0. Box 538, Allwood Station, Clifton, NJ 07012. 

9425 Grinnell Ave., Detroit, MI 48213. 

1011 Morris Ave., Union, NJ 07083. 

Collins and Westmoreland Sts., Philadelphia, PA 19134. 

P. 0. Box 1409, Madison WI 53701. 



TABLE 1. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 257 

-Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 19 70- -Continued 



Name of company 



Seaboard Chemicals, Inc 

G. D. Searle § Co 

Selney Co., Inc 

Seydel -Wool ley S Co., Inc 

Shanco Plastics 5 Chemicals, Inc 

Shell § Commonwealth Chemicals, Inc 

Shell Oil Co 

Shell Chemical Co. Div 

Shepherd Chemical Co 

Sherwin-Williams Co 

George F. Siddall Co., Inc 

Simpson Timber Co 

Sinclair-Koppers Co 

Sinclair-Koppers Chemical Co 

Sinclair Paint Co 

Sipes Chemical Coatings Co 

Skelly Oil Co 

G. Frederick Smith Chemical Co 

Smith, Kline § French Laboratories 

Solar Chemical Corp 

Soluol Chemical Co., Inc 

Solvent Chemical Co., Inc 

Sonford Chemical Co- 

Sonoco Products Co 

Sou-Tex Chemical Co., Inc 

Southeastern Adhesives Co 

Southern Chemical Products Co 

Southern Sizing Co 

Spaulding Fibre Co., Inc 

E. R. Squibb § Sons, Inc 

A. E. Staley Manufacturing Co 

Charlotte Chemicals Labs. Div 

Staley Chemicals Div 

Stamford Chemical Industries 

Standard Brands, Inc., Clinton Corn 

Processing Co. Div 
Standard Brands Chemical Industries, Inc- 

Standard Chemical Products, Inc 

Standard Chlorine of Delaware, Inc 

Standard Oil Co. of California, Chevron 
Chemical Co. 

Standard Oil Co. of Ohio 

Standard Pyroxoloid Corp 

Stange Co 

Stauffer Chemical Co.: 

Benzol Products Div 

Calhio Chemicals, Inc 

Cowles Chemical Div 

Industrial Div 

Specialty Chemical Div 

Stepan Chemical Co 

Maywood Div 

Sterling Drug, Inc.: 

Glenbrook Laboratories Div 

Hilton-Davis Chemical Co. Div 

Thomasset Colors Div 

Winthrop Laboratories Div 

Sterwin Chemicals, Inc 

Stresen-Reuter International, 

International Minerals 5 Chemical Corp, 
Styrochem Corp. Sub. of Commonwealth 
Oil Refining Co., Inc. 

Sucrest Corp 

Sugar Beet Products Co 



Office address 



30 Foster St., Salem, MA 01970. 

P. 0. Box SllO, Chicago, IL 60680. 

185 Court St., Brooklyn, NY 11201. 

762 Marietta Blvd., NW. , Atlanta, GA 30318. 

Ill Wales St., Tonawanda, NY 14150. 

P. 0. Box 3623, Ponce, PR 00731. 

P. 0. Box 2463, Houston, TX 77001. 

52 W. 52d St., New York, NY 10020. 

4900 Beech St., Cincinnati, OH 45212. 

101 Prospect Ave., NW Cleveland, OH 44101. 

P. 0. Box 925, Spartanburg, SC 29301. 

2301 N. Columbia Blvd., Portland, OR 97217. 

900 Koppers Bldg., Pittsburgh, PA 15219. 

9822 La Porte Freeway, .Houston, TX 77012. 

3960 E. Washington Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90023. 

P. 0. Box 13090, Pittsburgh, PA 15243. 

P. 0. Box 1650, Tulsa, OK 74102. 

867 McKinley Ave., Columbus, OH 43223. 

1500 Spring Garden St., Philadelphia, PA 19101, 

P. 0. Box 90, Leominster, MA 01453. 

Green Hill and Market Sts., W. Warwick, RI 02893. 

335-341 Commercial St., Maiden, MA 02148. 

P. 0. Box 127, Port Neches, TX 77651. 

2d St., Hartsville, SC 29550. 

E. Catawba Ave., Mount Holly, NC 28120. 

P. 0. Box 791, Lenoir, NC 28645. 

420 Lower Boundary St., P. 0. Box 205, Macon, GA 31202. 

P. 0. Box 90987, East Point, GA 30344. 

310 Wheeler St., Tonawanda, NY 14150. 

Georges Rd., Brunswich, NJ 08903. 

22nd S Elorado Sts., Decatur, IL 62525. 

P. 0. Box 948, Charlotte, NC 28201. 

320 Schuyler Ave., Kearny, NJ 07032. 

P. 0. Box 1131, Stamford, CT 06940. 

1251 Beaver Channel Parkway, Clinton, lA 52733. 

P. 0. Drawer K, Dover, DE 19901. 
1301 Jefferson St., Hoboken, NJ 07030. 
1035 Belleville Turnpike, Kearny, NJ 07032. 
200 Bush St., San Francisco, CA 94120. 

Midland Bldg., Cleveland, OH 44115. 
85 Pleasant St., Leominster, MA 01453. 
342 N. Western Ave., Chicago, IL 60612. 

Menlo Park Office Bldg., Edison, NJ 08817. 
636 California St., San Francisco, CA 94119. 
12000 Shaker Blvd., Cleveland, OH 44120. 

San Francisco, CA 24119. 

San Francisco, CA 24119. 
60421. 

Maywood, NJ 07607. 



636 California St., 
536 California St., 
R.R. #1, Elwood, IL 
100 W. Hunter Ave., 



90 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 

2235 Langdon Farm Rd., Cincinnati, OH 45237. 

120 Lister Ave., Newark, NJ 07105. 

90 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 

Military Rd., Rothschild, WI 54474. 

400 W. Roosevelt Ave., Bensenville, IL 60106. 

P. 0. Box 3623, Ponce, PR 00731. 

120 Wall St., New York, NY 10005. 
302 Waller St., Saginaw, MI 48605. 



258 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 

TABLE L --Synthetic organic chemicals; Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 19 70- -Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Sun Chemical Corp 

Ansbacher-Siegle Div 

Chemicals Div 

General Printing Ink Div 

Sunkist Growers, Inc 

Sun Oil Co., Sunoco Div 

SunOlin Chemical Co 

Suntide Refining Co 

Swift § Co., Swift Chemical Co. Div 

Synthetic Products Co 

Synvar Corp 

Tanatex Chemical Corp 

Charles S. Tanner Co 

Teknor Apex Co 

Tenneco Chemicals, Inc 

Cal/InkDiv 

Nuodex Div 

Tenneco Colors Div 

Tenneco Oil Co., Refining § Marketing 
Accounting. 

Terra Chemicals International, Inc 

Texaco, Inc 

Texas Alkyls, Inc 

Texas-U.S. Chemical Co 

Tex Chem Co., Inc 

Texize Chemicals, Inc 

Textilana-Nease, Inc 

Textron, Inc., Spencer Kellogg Div 

Thiokol Chemical Corp 

Thomason Industries, Inc., Southern Resin 

Div. 
Wm. T. Thompson Co., Thompson Chemical Div- 

Thompson-Hayward Chemical Co 

Tizon Chemical Corp 

Toms River Chemical Corp 

Arthur C. Trask Co 

Triad Chemical 

Troy Chemical Co 

Trylon Chemicals, Inc 

Joseph Turner 5 Co 

USS Agri-Chemicals Div of U.S. Steel Corp-- 

USS Chemicals Div. of U.S. Steel Corp 

Paul Uhlich § Co., Inc 

Ungerer 5 Co 

Union-Camp Corp 

Harchem Div 

Union Carbide Corp 

Union Oil Co. of California 

Uniroyal , Inc., Chemical Div 

United Chemical Corp., of Norwood 

United Chemical Products Corp 

United-Erie, Incv 

United Merchants 5 Manufacturers, Inc., Roma 

Chemical Div. 

U.S. Borax Research Corp 

U.S. Industries, Inc., E. Helman Co. Div — 

U.S. Oil Co 

U.S. Pipe § Foundry Co 

U.S. Plywood, California Operations, 

Shasta Div. 

Universal Chemicals Corp 

Universal Oil Products Co 

UOP Chemical Div 



441 Tompkins Ave., Rosebank, NJ 10305. 
441 Tompkins Ave., Rosebank, NJ 1030S. 
Route 91, Wood River Junction, RI 02894. 
135 W. Lake St., North Lake, IL 60164. 
720 E. Sunkist St., Ontario, CA 91764. 
1608 Walnut St., Philadelphia, PA 19103. 
P. 0. Box F, Claymount, DE 19703. 
P. 0. Box 2608, Corpus Christ i, TX 78403. 
1211 W. 22d St., Oak Brook, IL 60521. 
1636 Wayside Rd., Cleveland, OH 44112. 
917 Washington St., Wilmington, DE 19899. 

P. 0. Box 388, Lyndhurst, NJ 07071. 

450 Furman Hall Rd., Greensville, SC 29608. 

505 Central Ave., Pawtucket, RI 02662. 

280 Park Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

711 Camelia St., Berkeley, CA 94710. 

P. 0. Box 2, Piscataway, NJ 08854. 

1729 N. 11th St., Reading, PA 19604. 

P. 0. Box 2511, Houston, TX 77001. 

507 6t,h St., Sioux City, lA 51121. 
135 E. 42d St., New York, NY 10017. 
P. 0. Box 600, Deer Park, TX 77536. 
P. 0. Box 667, Port Neches, TX 77651. 
20-21 Wagaraw Rd., Fair Lawn, NJ 07410. 
P. 0. Box 368, Greenville, SC 29602. 
12607 Cerise Ave., Hawthorne, CA 90250. 

120 Delaware Ave., Buffalo, NY 14240. 

P. 0. Box 27, Bristol, PA 19007. 

P. 0. Drawer 1600, Fayetteville, NC 29302. 

23529 So. Figueroa St., Carson, CA 90745. 
5200 Speaker Rd., Kansas City, KS 66110. 
Flemington, NJ 08822. 
P. 0. Box 71, Toms River, NJ 08753. 
327 S. LaSalle St., Chicago, IL 60604. 
P. 0. Box 310, Donaldsonville, LA 70346. 
One Avenue L, Newark, NJ 07105. 
P. 0. Box 628, Mauldin, SC 29662. 
Pleasant View Terrace, P.O. Box 88, Ridgefield, 
NJ 07451. 

P. 0. Box 1684, Atlanta, GA 30301. 

Grant Bldg. , Pittsburgh, PA 15219. 

90 West St., New York, NY 10006. 

161 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10013. 

P. 0. Box 6170, Jacksonville, FL 32205. 

P. 0. Box 220, Dover, NJ 44622. 

270 Park Ave., New York, .NY 10017. 

Union Oil Center, Los Angeles, CA 90017. 

Emic Bldg., Naugatuck, CT 06770. 

P. 0. Box 367, Endicott St., Norwood, MA 02062. 

York and Colgate Sts., Jersey City, NJ 07302. 

438 Huron SE., Erie, PA 16512. 

749 Quequechan St., Fall River, MA 02721. 

3075 Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90005. 
P. 0. Box 5129, Akron, OH 44313. 
P. 0. Box 4228, E. Providence, RI 02914. 
3300 1st Ave. N. , Birmingham, AL 35202. 
P. 0. Box 2713, Redding, CA 96002. 

1224 Mendon Rd., Ashton, RI 02864. 

30 Algonquin Rd., Des Plaines, IL 60018. 

State Highway 17, E. Rutherford, NJ 07073. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 259 

TABLE 1. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1970- -Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Upjohn Co 

Carwin Organic Chemicals 

Valchem 

Valentine Sugars, Inc 

Valley Nitrogen Producers, Inc 

Van De Mark Chemical Co., Inc 

Vanderbilt Chemical Corp 

Van Dyk 5 Co., Inc 

Velsicol Chemical Corp 

Ventron Corp 

Chemicals Div 

Vermi lye- Bell 

Verona Corp 

Vickers Refining Co., Inc 

Vineland Chemical Co 

Virginia Chemicals, Inc 

Vistron Corp 

Silmar Div 

Vitamins, Inc 

Vulcan Materials Co., Chemicals Div 

Warner-Jenkinson Manufacturing Co 

West Agro-Chemicals, Inc 

West Coast Adhesives Co 

Westinghouse Electric Corp., Industrial 

Plastics Div., Chemical Products Plant. 

Weston Chemical Co., Inc 

Westvaco Corp., Chemical Div., Polychemicals 

Dept. 

Weyerhaeuser Co 

White § Bagley Co 

White § Hodges, Inc 

Wliitmoyer Laboratories, Inc 

Whittaker Corp. ; 

Mol Rez Div 

Research § Development 

Whittemore-Wright Co., Inc 

Wica Chemicals, Inc 

Wilson Pharmaceutical 5 Chemical Corp. : 

Wilson Laboratories Div 

Wilson-Martin Div 

Witco Chemical Co., Inc 

Witfield Chemical Div 

W. A. Wood Co 

Woonsocket Color § Chemical Co 

Worthington Biochemical Corp 

Wycon Chemical Co 

Wyeth Laboratories, Inc., Wyeth Laboratories 

Div of American Home Products Corp. 

J. S. Young Co., Young Aniline Works Div 



7000 Portage Rd,, Kalamazoo, Ml 49001. 
Sackett Point Rd., North Haven, CT 06473 

1407 Broadway, New York, NY 10018. 

726 Whitney Bldg., New Orleans, LA 70130. 

1221 Van Ness Ave., Fresno, CA 93721. 

N. Transit Rd., Lockport, NY 14094. 

33 Winfield St., Norwalk, CT 06801. 

Main § Williams Sts., Belleville, NJ 07109. 

341 E. Ohio St., Chicago, IL 60611. 

Park Place E., Wood Ridge, NJ 07075. 

1224 Congress St., Beverly, MA 01915. 

21707 Bothell Way, Bothell, WA 98011. 

lorio Ct., P. 0. Box 385, Union, NJ 07083. 

P. 0. Box 2240, Wichita, KS 67201. 

W. Wheat Rd., Vineland, NJ 08360. 

3340 W. Norfolk Rd. , Portsmouth, VA 23703. 

Midland Bldg., Cleveland, OH 44115. 

12335 S. Van Ness Ave., Hawthorne, CA 90250. 

401 N. Michigan Ave., Suite 2730, Chicago, IL 60611. 

P. 0. Box 545, Wichita, KS 67201. 

2526 Baldwin St., St. Louis, MO 63106. 
501 Santa Fe, Kansas City, MO 64105. 



11104 NW. Front Ave 
Manor, PA 15665. 



Portland, OR 97231. 



103 Spring Valley Rd., Montvale, NJ 07645. 
P. 0. Box 5207, N. Charleston, SC 29406. 

115 S. Palmetto Ave., Marshfield, WI 54449. 

P. 0. Box 706, Worcester, MA 01613. 

576 Lawrence St., Lowell, MA 01852. 

19 N. Railroad, St. , Myerstoivn, PA 17067. 

3134 California St., NE, Minneapolis, MN 55426. 
3540 Aero Ct., San Diego, CA 92123. 
62 Alford St., Boston, MA 02129. 
P. 0. Box 506, Charlotte, NC 28201. 

4221 S. Western Blvd. Chicago, IL 60609. 

Jackson and Swanson Sts., Philadelphia, PA 19148. 

P. 0. Box 305, Paramus, NJ 07652. 

P. 0. Box 1243, Wilmington, CA 90744. 

108 Spring St., Everett, MA 02149. 

176 Sunnyside Ave., Woonsocket, RI 02895. 

Halls Mills Rd., Freehold, NJ 07728. 

P. 0. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, CO 80901. 

P. 0. Box 8299, Paoli, PA 19101. 



2731 Boston St., Baltimore, MD 21224. 



U. S. IMPORTS OF BENZENOID CHEMICALS AND PRODUCTS 261 



U.S. general imports of benzenoid chemicals and products entered 
under the Tariff Schedules of the United States (TSUS) , schedule 4, 
part 1, subparts B and C are analyzed by the Tariff Commission annually 
and published in detail in a separate report. General imports of 
benzenoid items entered in parts IB and IC totaled 193.7 million pounds 
with a foreign invoice value of $135.2 million in 1970 compared with 
152.4 million pounds with a foreign invoice value of $118.7 million 
in 1969. 

Benzenoid products that are "competitive" with similar domestic 
products, because they accomplish results substantially equal to those 
accomplished by the similar domestic product when used in substantially 
the same manner, are subject to a special basis of valuation for customs 
purposes known as the "American selling price." If "noncompetitive," 
the benzenoid products are valued for customs purposes on the basis of 
the "United States value." The essential difference between these two 
values is that "American selling price" is based on the wholesale price 
in the United States of the "competitive" domestic product, whereas 
"United States value" is based on the wholesale price in the United 
States of the imported product less most of the expenses incurred in 
bringing the product to the United States and selling it. When neither 
of these two valuation bases applies, then the "export value," "foreign 
value," or "constructed value" is used as the valuation basis under 
section 402 or 402a, Tariff Act of 1930, as amended. The competitive 
status of benzenoid imports in 1970 is shown in table 2. 

Industrial organic chemicals that are entered under part IB consist 
chiefly of benzenoid intermediates and small quantities of acyclic 
compounds which are derived in whole or in part from benzenoid compounds, 
Also included are mixtures and small quantities of finished products not 
specially provided for in part IC (e.g., rubber-processing chemicals). 
In terms of value, 41.6 percent of all the benzenoid imports under 
part IB in 1970 came from West Germany; 25.5 percent, from Japan; 10.5 
percent, from Italy; and 9.2 percent from Switzerland. 

Finished organic chemical products entered under part IC include 
dyes, pigments, medicinals, flavor and perfume materials, pesticides, 
plastics materials, and certain other specified products. In terms of 
vaiue, 35.4 percent of all finished benzenoid imports under part IC 
in 1970 came from West Germany; 24.1 percent, from Switzerland; 11.2 
percent, from Japan; and 10.6 percent from the United Kingdom. 



^Imports of Benzenoid Chemicals and Fvoducts, 1970^ TC Publication 
413, 1971 [processed]. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1970 



TABLE 2.--Benzenoid chemicals and products: Summary of U.S. general imports entered under Schedule 4, 
Parts IB and IC of the TSUS, and analysis by competitive status, 1970 



Part and competitive status 



Number 
of 
items 



Quantity 



Percent 
of total 
quantity 



Foreign 
invoice 
value 



Percent of 
foreign 
value 



Unit 
foreign 
value 



Schedule 4, Part IE 



Total' 

Competitive: 

Duty based on ASP 

Noncompetitive; 

Duty based on U.S. value 

Duty based on export value 

Competitive status not available 

Schedule 4, Part IC 

Total' 

Competitive: 

Duty based on ASP^ 

Noncompetitive : 

Duty based on U.S. value 

Duty based on export value 

Competitive status not available 

Summary (Schedule 4, Parts IE and IC) 

Total' 

Competitive: 

Duty based on ASP^ 

Noncompetitive : 

Duty based on U.S. value 

Duty based on export value 

Competitive status not available 



2,067 



1,405 

164 



1,000 



1,000 
dollars 



8,012 
13,571 



6.5 
10.9 



9,400 
3,306 



22,615 
6,432 



32.5 
9.0 



33,556 



43,343 
9,035 



193,703 



30,627 
20,003 



4,275 



15.8 
10.3 



66,881 



52,743 
12,341 



20.0 
7.0 



49.2 
10.3 



39.0 
9.1 



Per 
pound 



$0.38 



1.17 

.24 



1.92 
1.40 



1.72 
.62 



' Detail may not add to total due to rounding. 
^ American selling price. 

Source: Compiled by the U.S. Tariff Commission from records of the U.S. Bureau of Customs. 

Note. --The totals shown in this table differ from those given in the official statistics of the U.S. Department 

of Commerce chiefly because of differences in coverage and in the methods used in compiling the data. In general, 

the statistical coverage in 1970 varies from a low of 75 percent for drugs to almost complete coverage for inter- 
mediates, drugs, and pigments. 



U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1972 O - 469- 



I 



{