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Full text of "Synthetic organic chemicals"

BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



TIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



IIIIIIIIHIMHII >s Production 
1^99^ 17, 161,,?. ,979 

GOVDOC 

TcL 33 
W7f 



80STON PUBLIC LIBRARY 

GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS DEPARTMENT 

RBCFtv/ED 



MAY 5 1999 



USITC PUBLICATION 1099 



\eco 



United States International Trade Commission / Washington, D.C. 20436 



UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

United States Production 
and Sales, 1979 



U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
WASHINGTON: 1980 



USITC PUBLICATION 1099 



RECENT REPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION 
ON SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1974 

(USITC Publication 776, 1976), $3.20 
Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1975 

(USITC Publication 804, 1977), $3.10 
Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1976 

(USITC Publication 833, 1977), $5.25 
Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1977 

(USITC Publication 920, 1978), $6.25 
Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1978 

(USITC Publication 1001, 1979), $7.50 



NOTE. — The reports listed above may be purchased from the Superintendent of 
Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. All U.S. 
International Trade Commission reports reproduced by the Government Printing 
Office may be consulted in the official depository libraries throughout the 
United States. 



CONTENTS 



Page 

Introduction 1 

Summary 3 

General 4 

Section I. Tar and tar crudes: 

S tatis tical highlights 7 

Production and sales statistics 9 

Section II. Primary products from petroleum and natural 
gas for chemical conversion: 

Statistical highlights 13 

Production and sales statistics 15 

Section III. Cyclic intermediates: 

Statistical highlights ■ 23 

Production and sales statistics 25 

Section IV. Dyes: 

Statistical highlights 63 

Production and sales statistics 65 

Section V. Organic pigments: 

S tatis tical highlights 101 

Production and sales statistics 103 

Section VI. Medicinal chemicals: 

Statistical highlights 115 

Production and sales statistics 117 

Section VII. Flavor and perfume materials: 

Statistical highlights 141 

Production and sales statistics 143 

Section VIII. Plastics and resin materials: 

Statistical highlights 159 

Production and sales statistics 161 

Rubber IX. Rubber-processing chemicals: 

Statistical highlights 173 

Production and sales statistics 175 

Section X. Elastomers: 

Statistical highlights 183 

Production and sales statistics 185 

Section XI. Plasticizers: 

S tatistical highlights 189 

Production and sales statistics 191 



CONTENTS 



Page 

Section XII. Surface-active agents: 

Statistical highlights 199 

Production and sales statistics 201 

Section XIII. Pesticides and related products: 

Statistical highlights 233 

Production and sales statistics 235 

Section XIV. Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical 
products: 

Statistical highlights 249 

Production and sales statistics 251 

Section XV. Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: 

Statistical highlights 263 

Production and sales statistics 265 

APPENDIX 

Directory of manufacturers 300 

U.S. imports of benzenoid chemicals and products 323 

Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names 325 



UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION 



COMMISSIONERS 

Bill Alberger, Chairman 

Michael J. Calhoun, Vice Chairman 

George M. Moore 

Catherine Bedell 

Paula Stern 



Kenneth R. Mason, Secretary to the Commission 



OFFICE OF INDUSTRIES 
Norris A. Lynch, Director 



This report was prepared principally by William Baker, David B. Beck, 
Tedford C. Briggs, Edmund Cappuccilli, Kenneth Conant III, Louis 
N. DeToro, Cynthia B. Foreso, J. Lawrence Johnson, Eric Land, Bonnie 
Jean Noreen, Edward J. Taylor, and Sharon Thompson. 

Assistance in the preparation of the report was provided by Mildred 
C. Higgs, Robert Allison, Frances Battle, Patricia Bentley, Sharon 
Greenfield, Kenneth Kozel, Linda Mudd. and Richardo Witherspoon. 
Automatic Data Processing input was provided by Patricia Augustine, 
Barbara Bobbitt, Andre Fontaine, and James Gill. 



Address all communications to 
Office of the Secretary 
United States International Trade Commission 
Washington, D.C. 20436 



INTRODUCTION 

This is the 63rd annual report of the U.S. International Trade Commission on domestic production and 
sales of synthetic organic chemicals and the raw materials from which they are made. The report consists of 15 
sections, each covering a specified group (based principally on use) of organic chemicals as follows: Tar and 
tar crudes; primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion; cyclic intermediates; dyes; 
organic pigments; medicinal chemicals; flavor and perfume materials; plastics and resin materials; rubber-pro- 
cessing chemicals; elastomers; plasticizers; surface-active agents; pesticides and related products; miscellaneous 
end-use chemicals and chemical products; and miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals. Data have been supplied 
by approximately 750 producers. 

Each of the 15 sections is headed by a summary of the statistical data. The first table in each section 
gives statistics on products and groups of products in as great detail as is possible without revealing the opera- 
tions of individual producers. Statistics for an individual chemical or group of chemicals are given only when 
there are three or more producers, no one or two of which may be predominant. Moreover, even when there are three 
or more producers, statistics are not given if there is any possibility that their publication would violate the 
statutory provisions relating to unlawful disclosure of information accepted in confidence by the Commission. 

Data are reported by producers for only those items where the volume of production or sales or value of sales 
exceeds certain minimums. Those minimums for all sections are 5,000 pounds of production or sales or $5,000 of 
value of sales with the following exceptions: Plastics and resin materials — 50,000 pounds or $50,000; pigments, 
medicinal chemicals, flavor and perfume materials, rubber-processing chemicals, and elastomers — 1,000 pounds or 
$1,000. They are usually given in terms of undiluted materials; however, products of 95 percent or greater purity 
are considered to be 100 percent pure. Commercial concentrations are applied to dyes, certain plastics and resins, 
and a few solvents; such concentrations are specifically noted. 

The statistics given in this report include data from all known domestic producers of the items covered and 
include the total output of each company's plants, i.e., the quantities produced for consumption within the 
producing plant, as well as the quantities produced for domestic and foreign sale. The quantities reported as 
produced, therefore, generally exceed the quantities reported as sold. Some of these differences, however, are 
attributable to changes in inventory. 

The second table in each section lists all items for which data on production or sales have been reported, 
by primary manufacturers, identified by manufacturers' codes. Each code consists of not more than three capital 
letters and is assigned on a permanent basis. 

The third table in each section is a directory, alphabetized by the codes of the manufacturers reporting in 
that section. 

Table 1 of the Appendix is a directory, alphabetized by the names of the manufacturers reporting in all 
sections and includes their office addresses. 

Table 2 of the Appendix summarizes and gives the competitive status of U.S. general imports in 1979 of benzenoid 
intermediates and finished benzenoid products, entered under schedule 4, parts IB and 1C, of the Tariff Schedules 
of the United States. 

Table 3 of the Appendix lists synonymous names for cyclic intermediates. Information on all synonymous names 
of the organic chemicals included in this report may be found in the S0CMA Handbook: Commercial Organic Chemical 
flames, published by the Chemical Abstracts Service of the American Chemical Society, or the Colour Index (Revised 
Third Edition), published jointly by the Society of Dyes and Colourists and the American Association of Textile 
Chemists and Colourists. 

Data contained in this report are compiled primarily from Commission questionnaires sent to domestic 
producers and represent the best data availabe to the Commission. While the data supplied in the questionnaires 
are checked against data previously supplied by the submitting firm and with data supplied by other domestic 
producers, data are not independently verified by direct Commission examination of the books of companies 
furnishing information. Data contained in this report should not be used for investment and other purposes 
without independent verification. 

As specified in the reporting instructions sent to manufacturers, production and sales (unless otherwise 
specified) are defined as follows : 

PRODUCTION is the total quantity of a commodity made available 
by ORIGINAL MANUFACTURERS ONLY within the customs territory 
of the United States (includes the SO States, the District 
of Columbia, and Puerto Rico). It covers synthetic organic 
chemicals, specified crudes from petroleum and coal tar, and 
certain chemically described natural products, such as, 
alkaloids, enzymes, and perfume isolates. It is the sum — 
expressed in terms of 100% active ingredient unless other- 
wise specified in the reporting instructions — of the quan- 
tities: 

Produced, separated, and consumed in the same plant or 

establishment. A commodity is considered separated 

either when it is isolated from the reaction system 

or when it is not isolated, but weighed, analyzed, 

or otherwise measured. This includes byproducts 

and co-products that are not classifiable as waste 

materials ; 



^itle 18, U.S.C. 1905, and title 44, U.S.C. 3508. 



INTRODUCTION 

Produced and not isolated, but directly^ converted to 
a finished or semifinished item not included in 
this report (e.g., polyester film, polyurethane _ 
tires, nylon fiber, bar soap, etc.). (See specific 
instructions in individual sections); 

Produced and transferred to other plants or establish- 
ments of the same firm or 100% owned subsidiaries 
or affiliates; 

Produced and sold to, or bartered with, other firms 
(including less than 100% owned subsidiaries) ; 

Produced for others under toll agreements (see gen- 
eral instructions) ; 

Produced and held in stock. 

PRODUCTION EXCLUDES : 

Purification of a commodity, which is purchased by, or _ 
transferred from within, your company, unless inclusion 
of such processing is specifically requested in the 
reporting instructions for individual sections; 

Intermediate products which are formed in the manufact- 
uring process, but are not isolated from the reaction 
system— that is, not weighed, analyzed, or otherwise 
measured; except such products as described above as 
being produced and not isolated, but directly converted 
to a finished or semifinished item. 

Materials that are used in the process but which are 
recovered for re-use or sale; 

Waste products having no economic significance. 

SALES are actual quantities of commodities sold by ORIGINAL 

MANUFACTURERS ONLY . Sales include the quantity and value of: 

Shipments of a commodity for domestic use or for 

export, or segregation in a warehouse when title 

has passed to the purchaser in a bona fide sale; 

Shipments of a commodity produced for you by others 

under toll agreements; 
Shipments to subsidiary or affiliated companies, pro- 
vided the ownership is less than 100%, 

SALES EXCLUDES : 

All intra-company transfers within a corporate^ entity; 
All shipments to 100% owned subsidiary or affiliated 

companies; . 

All resales of imported or purchased material, including 

materials obtained by barter; 
All shipments of a commodity produced for others under 

toll agreements, 

VALUE OF SALES is the net dollar receipts of sales f.o.b. 
plant or warehouse, or delivered. F.o.b. values are pre- 
ferred, but if they are not readily available from your 
records, delivered values are acceptable. 



SUMMARY 3 

Combined production of all synthetic organic chemicals, tar, and primary products from petroleum and nat- 
ural gas in 1979 was 354,651 million pounds — an increase of 10.5 percent over the output in 1978. (see table 1). 
Sales of these materials in 1979, which totaled 186,647 million pounds valued at $53,074 million, were 9.5 
percent larger than in 1978 in terms of quantity and 27.9 percent larger in terms of value. These figures in- 
clude data on production and sales of chemicals measured at several successive steps in the manufacturing pro- 
cess, and therefore, they necessarily reflect some duplication. 

In 1979, production of all synthetic organic chemicals, including cyclic intermediates and finished products, 
totaled 228,191 million pounds, or 22.3 percent more than the output in 1978. All sections showed an increase in 
production in 1979 over 1978. Cyclic intermediates (49,574 million pounds) led the increase with a gain of 148.7 
percent 1 ; medicinal chemicals (313 million pounds) increased 16.4 percent; organic pigments (88 million pounds) 
increased 14.3 percent; miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products (22,342 million pounds) increased 
8.5 percent; rubber-processing chemicals (395 million pounds) increased 7.9 percent; plastics and resin materials 
(41,871 million pounds) increased 7.7 percent; miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals (98,777 million pounds) 
increased 7.2 percent; dyes (266 million pounds) increased 6.0 percent; surface-active agents (4,948 million 
pounds) increased 4.4 percent; flavor and perfume materials (195 million pounds) increased 3.2 percent; plast- 
icizers (2,133 million pounds) increased 2.3 percent; elastomers (5,860 million pounds) increased 1.7 percent; 
and pesticides and related products (1,429 million pounds) increased 0.9 percent. 

TABLE l.~ Synthetic organic chemicals and their raw materials: 

U.S. PRODUCTION AND SALES, 1978 AND 1979 



INCREASE 

OR 

DECREASE 

(-), 1979 

OVER 

1978 2 



QUANTITY 



INCREASE 

OR 

DECREASE 

(-), 1979 

OVER 

1978 2 



INCREASE 

OR 

DECREASE 

(-), 1979 

OVER 

1978 2 



Grand total 3 

Tar 

Primary products from petroleum 
and natural gas 

Synthetic organic chemicals,, 

total 3 

Cyclic intermediates 1 

Dyes 

Organic pigments 

Medicinal chemicals 

Flavor and perfume materials — 
Plastics and resin materials — 

Rubber-processing chemicals 

Elastomers (synthetic rubber)- 

Plasticizers 

Surface-active agents 

Pesticides and related 

products 

Miscellaneous end-use chem- 
icals and chemical products- 
Miscellaneous cyclic and 

acyclic chemicals 



Million 
pounds 



320,891 



Million 
pounds 



354,651 



Percent 
10.5 



Million 
pounds 



170,488 



Million 
pounds 



186,647 



Percent 
9.5 



Million 
dollars 

41,511 



Million 
dollars 

53,074 



Percent 



5,405 
128,829 

186,657 



19,936 

251 

77 

269 

189 

38,878 

366 

5,761 

2,086 

4,738 

1,416 

20,589 

92,101 



5,896 
120,564 

228,191 



9.1 
-6.4 

22.3 



2,947 
64,281 

103,260 



3,444 
62,658 

120,545 



16.9 
-2.5 

16.7 



49,574 

266 

88 

313 

195 

41,871 

395 

5,860 

2,133 

4,948 

1,429 

22,342 

98,777 



148.7 
6.0 
14.3 
16.4 
3.2 
7.7 
7.9 
1.7 
2.3 
4.4 

.9 

8.5 

7.2 



8,853 

233 

65 

185 

14a 

33,527 

228 

3,640 

1,748 

2,708 

1,300 

11,698 

38,935 



21,544 

241 

67 

226 

145 

36,834 

280 

4,002 

1,814 

2,859 

1,369 

11,478 

39,696 



143.4 

3.4 

3.1 

22.2 

-3.6 

9.9 

22.8 

9.9 

3.8 

5.6 

5.3 

-1.9 

2.0 



6,160 



35,351 



2,803 
734 
322 
944 
212 
12,349 
287 

1,875 
703 
996 

3,041 

2,713 

8,582 



7,175 



45,899 



6,566 
797 
378 

1,043 

236 

15,380 

345 

2,325 
826 

1,144 

3,631 

3,032 

10,196 



134.2 
8.6 
17.4 
10.5 
11.3 
24.5 
20.2 
24.0 
17.5 
18.4 

19.4 

11.8 

18.8 



The 1979 totals are significantly higher than the 1978 totals because of the addition of the following cyclic 
intermediates: cumene, cyclohexane, cyclohexene, ethylbenzene, styrene, m-xylene, o-xylene, and p-xylene. The 
figures on U.S. production and sales of these eight cyclic intermediates were included in Section II, Primary 
Products from Petroleum and Natural Gas for Chemical Conversion, from 1976 through 1978. 

Percentages calculated from figures rounded to thousands. 

Because of rounding, figures may not add to the totals shown. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



GENERAL 

In this report synthetic organic chemicals are classified on the basis of their principal use as follows: 
cyclic intermediates, dyes, organic pigments, medicinal chemicals, flavor and perfume materials, plastics and 
resin materials, rubber-processing chemicals, elastomers (synthetic rubber), plasticizers, surface-active agents, 
pesticides and related products, miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products, and miscellaneous cyclic 
and acyclic chemicals. Most of these groups are further subdivided either by use or by chemical composition. 
As intermediates chemicals are used in the manufacture of finished products, aggregate figures that cover both 
intermediates and finished products necessarily include considerable duplication. 

Total production of synthetic organic chemicals (intermediates and finished products combined) in 1979 was 
228,191 million pounds or 22.3 percent more than the output of 186,657 million pounds reported for 1978 and 117.9 
percent more than the output of 104,711 million pounds reported in 1967 (see table 2). Sales of synthetic organic 
chemicals in 1979 amounted to 120,546 million pounds, valued at $45,899 million, compared with 103,260 million 
pounds, valued at $35,531 million in 1978 and 55,177 million pounds, valued at $10,438 million in 1967. Produc- 
tion of all cyclic products (intermediates and finished products combined) in 1979 totaled 76,637 million pounds 
on 67.2 percent more than the 45,826 million pounds reported for 1978 and 128.9 percent more than the 33,479 mil- 
lion pounds reported for 1967, however, the transfer of eight items, in 1979 from the primary products from pet- 
roleum and natural gas section to the section on cyclic intermediates has caused the output of cyclic products 
to appear much higher in relation to 1967 than would otherwise have resulted. Production of all acyclic products 
in 1979 totaled 151,554 million pounds, or 7.6 percent more than the 140,831 million pounds reported for 1978 and 
112.8 percent more than the 71,232 million pounds reported for 1967. 

TABLE 2,— Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of u.s. production and sales 

OF INTERMEDIATES AND FINISHED PRODUCTS, 1967, 1978, AND 1979 
(Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars) 



1967 ' 



INCREASE OR DECREASE (-) 



1979 OVER 
1967 



1979 OVER 
1978 



Organic chemicals, cyclic and acyclic, 
grand total: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Cyclic, total: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic, total: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

1. Cyclic Intermediates 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

2. Dyes 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

3. Organic Pigments 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

4. Medic'nal Chemicals 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



104,711,357 
55,176,823 
10,438,453 



33,479,469 

19,328,628 

4,610,293 



71,231,888 

35,848,195 

5,828,160 



20,793,132 
9,461,180 
1,000,359 



206,240 
198,592 
332,049 



53,322 

42,867 

108,354 



110,129 

70,120 

348,873 

69,941 
56,804 
36,402 



186,657,007 

103,260,322 

35,530,776 



45,825,737 
26,527,904 
14,743,163 



140,831,270 
76,732,418 
20,787,613 



19,935,769 
8,852,650 
2,803,327 



250,780 
232,711 
733,553 



76,716 

64,638 

321,882 



157,210 

87,197 

850,199 

111,855 
97,915 
93,915 



228,191,343 

120,545,589 

45,898,751 



76,637,176 
40,330,744 
20,559,751 



151,554,167 
80,214,845 
25,339,000 



49,574,216 

21,544,445 

6,566,387 



265,881 
241,396 
797,212 



88,248 
66,885 
377,509 



178,550 
102,790 
923,879 

134,540 
122,865 
119,266 



117.9 
118.5 
339.7 



128.9 
108.7 
346.0 



112.8 
123.8 
334.8 



138.4 
127.7 
556.4 



28.9 
21.6 
140.1 



65.5 

56.0 

248.4 



62.1 

46.6 

164.8 

92.4 
116.3 
227.6 



22.3 
16.7 
29.2 



67.2 
52.0 
39.5 



7.6 

4.5 

21.9 



148.7 
143,4 
134.2 



15.0 

3.5 

17.3 



13.6 
17.9 



20.3 
25.5 
27.0 



See footnotes at end of table. 



GENERAL 



TABLE 2,— Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of u,s. production and sales of 

INTERMEDIATES AND FINISHED PRODUCTS, 1967, 1978, AND 1979--CONTINUED 
(Production and sales In thousands of pounds; sales valu,e in thousands of dollars) 




INCREASE OR DECREASE (-) 



1979 OVER 
1967 



1979 OVER 
1978 



5. Flavor and Perfume Materials 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

6. Plastics and Resin Materials 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

7. Rubber-Processing Chemicals 

Cyclic: 

. Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

8, Elastomers (Synthetic Rubber) 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

9. Plasticizers 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

10. Surface-Active Agents 

Cyclic: 2 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



57,978 
47,285 
52,866 

53,558 
49,311 
40,495 



5,033,497 
4,224,121 
1,036,940 

8,759,452 
7,753,242 
1,635,690 



220,139 
169,970 
116,318 

43,994 

30,878 
15,477 



2,297,637 

1,940,099 

439,580 

1,524,908 

1,321,945 

434,657 



929,871 
865,084 
167,827 

332,908 

296,767 

93,142 



1,418,444 

852,238 

95,810 

2,060,851 
897,786 
220,877 



101,175 

83,565 

137,239 

88,271 
56,656 
74,565 



11,819,919 

10,103,322 

4,969,197 

27,057,873 

23,423,832 

7,380,227 



325,001 
200,514 
258,254 

40,802 
27,935 
28,811 



3,209,951 

1,760,624 

551,299 

2,551,190 
1,879,749 
1,323,807 



1,781,612 

1,470,534 

539,216 

304,172 
277,035 
163,684 



1,099,120 
570,987 
228,476 

3,638,733 

2,137,048 

737,184 



109,027 

76,756 

153,047 

85,512 
58,358 
83,458 



12,867,081 

11,089,619 

6,038,224 

29,004,100 

25,744,137 

9,341,575 



338,654 
233,994 
316,285 

56,083 
45,705 
28,935 



3,267,457 

1,929,398 

725,327 

2,592,626 
2,072,836 
1,599,326 



1,825,925 

1,532,596 

649,848 

307,026 
281,391 
175,693 



1,235,265 
677,840 
296,902 

3,713,174 

2,181,640 

846,604 



88.0 

62.3 

189.5 

59.7 

18.3 

106.1 



155.6 
162.5 
482.3 

231.1 
232.0 
471.1 



53.8 

37.7 

171.9 

27.5 
48.0 
87.0 



42.2 

99.4 
65.0 

70.0 

56.8 

268.0 



96.4 

77.2 

287.2 

92.2 
94.8 
88.6 



87.1 
-20.5 
209.9 

80.2 
143.0 
283.3 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 
TABLE 2. —Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of u.s. production and sales of 

INTERMEDIATES AND FINISHED PRODUCTS, 1967, 1978, AND 1979— CONTINUED 
(Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars) 



INCREASE OR DECREASE (-) 



1979 OVER 
1967 



1979 OVER 
1978 



11. Pesticides and Related Products 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



12. Miscellaneous End-Use Chemicals 
and Chemical Products* 



Cyclic: 

Production — 

Sales 

Sales value- 
Acyclic: 

Production — 

Sales 

Sales value- 



13. Miscellaneous Cyclic and 
Acyclic Chemicals* 



Cyclic: 

Production — 

Sales 

Sales value- 
Acyclic: 

Production — 

Sales 

Sales value- 



823,158 
681,532 
627,742 

226,505 
215,831 
159,301 



( 1,535,922) 
( 775,540) 
( 283,575) 



(58,159,771) 
(25,225,631) 
( 3,192,119) 



795,836 

747,054 

1,897,623 

620,648 

553,057 

1,143,579 



4,002,939 

1,221,617 

718,464 

16,586,394 

10,476,649 

1,994,612 



2,269,712 

1,132,491 

734,434 

89,831,332 

37,802,542 

7,847,229 



760,899 

773,868 

2,283,864 

668,509 

595,201 

1,346,824 



3,810,382 
930,766 
543,636 

18,531,356 

10,547,517 

2,488,552 



2,315,591 

1,130,391 

887,632 

96,461,241 

38,565,195 

9,308,767 



92.4 
13.5 
263.8 

195.1 

175.8 
745.5 



158.1 
20.0 
91.7 

31.9 
-58.2 
-22.0 



-4.4 

3.6 

20.4 

7.7 

7.6 

17.8 



-4.8 
-23.8 
-24.3 

11.7 

.7 

24.8 



2.0 
-2.0 
20.9 

7.4 

2.0 

18.6 



Standard reference base period for Federal Government general-purpose index numbers. 

Includes ligninsulfonates. 

Items in these two sections were previously included in the section named miscellaneous chemicals. 



The following tabulation shows, by chemical groups, the number of companies that reported production in 1979 
of one or more of the chemicals included in the groups listed in table 2: 



Chemical group 

Cyclic intermediates 

Dyes 

Organic pigments 

Medicinal chemicals 

Flavor and perfume materials -- 

Plastics and resin materials 

Rubber-processing chemicals 



Number 

of 

companies 

183 

39 

35 

94 

39 
244 

29 



Chemical group 

Elastomers (synthetic rubber) 

Plasticizers 

Surface-active agents 

Pesticides and related products 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and 
chemical products 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic 
chemicals 



Number 

of _ 

companies 

30 

57 

167 

84 



SECTION I ~ TAR AND TAR CRUDES 



STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 

Cynthia B. Foreso 

Tar 

Coal tar is produced chiefly by the steel industry as a byproduct of the 
manufacture of coke; water-gas tar and oil-gas tar are produced by the fuel- 
gas industry. Production of coal tar, therefore, depends on the demand for 
steel; production of water-gas tar and oil -gas tar reflects the consumption of 
manufactured gas for industrial and household use. Water-gas and oil-gas tars 
have properties intermediate between those of petroleum asphalts and coal tar. 
Petroleum asphalts are not usually considered to be raw materials for chemicals. 

The quantity of coal tar produced in the United States in 1979 amounted 
to 590 million gallons (see table 1). Production in 1979 was 9.3 percent more 
than the 540 million gallons of coal tar produced in 1978. Sales of coal tar 
in 1979 amounted to 344 million gallons compared with 295 million gallons in 
1978. U.S. production of water-gas and oil-gas tars was not -reported to the 
Commission for 1978 or 1979; production of these tars in 1968 amounted to 21 
million gallons, according to trade publications. 



Tar Crudes 

Tar crudes are obtained from coke-oven gas and by distilling coal tar, 
water -gas tar, and oil-gas tar. The most important tar crudes are benzene, 
toluene, xylene, creosote oil, and pitch of tar. Some of these products are 
identical with those obtained from petroleum. Data for materials obtained 
from petroleum are included, for the most part, with the statistics for like 
materials obtained froty coke-oven gas and tars, and are shown in tables 1 and 
IB. 

Domestic production of industrial and specification grades of benzene 
reported by coke-oven operators and petroleum refinery operators in 1979 
amounted to 1,673 million gallons — 12.4 percent more than the 1,488 million 
gallons reported for 1978. These statistics include data for benzene produced 
from light oil and petroleum. Sales of benzene by coke-oven operators and 
petroleum refiners in 1979 amounted to 903 million gallons compared with 757 
million gallons in 1978. In 1979 the output of toluene (including material 
produced for use in blending in aviation fuel) amounted to 1,010 million 
gallons — 4.2 percent less than the 1,054 million gallons reported for 1978. 
Sales of toluene (Nitration grade, 1°) in 1979 were 597 million gallons com- 
pared with 695 million gallons in 1978. The output of xylene in 1979 
(including that produced for blending in motor fuels) was 972 million gallons, 
compared with 845 million gallons in 1978. Over 99 percent of the 972 million 
gallons of xylene produced in 1979 was obtained from petroleum sources. Sales 
of xylene decreased slightly to 439 million gallons in 1979 compared with 
446 million gallons in 1978. 



8 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 

Production and sales figures on crude naphthalene from coal-tar oils in 
1979 could not be published without disclosing the operations of individual 
companies. Production of petroleum-derived naphthalene in 1979 amounted to 
163 million pounds, compared with 156 million pounds in 1978. Production 
figures on road tar for 1979 cannot be published; in 1972 production amounted 
to 30 million gallons. 

Some of the products obtained from tar and included in the statistics 
in table 1 are obtained from other products for which data are also included 
in the table. The statistics, therefore, involve considerable duplication, 
and for this reason no group totals or grand totals are given. 

Data for 1979 tar crudes were supplied by 10 companies and company 
divisions. 



I -- TAR AND TAR CRUDES - 

TABLE 1.— Tar and tar crudes: U.S. production and sales, 1979 

[Listed below are all tar crudes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders 
(...) are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data 
were reported.) Table 2 lists separately all products for which data on production and/or sales were re- 
ported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



TAR AND TAR CRUDES 



QUANTITY 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



Coal tar : 2 Coke-oven operators 

Crude light oil: 3 Coke-oven operators 

Light-oil distillates: 

Benzene, all grades, total 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum refiners 6 

Toluene, all grades, total 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum refiners 

Xylene, all grades, total 1 * 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum refiners 

Solvent naphtha: 3 

Coke-oven operators 

Crude tar-acid oils: 3 

Coke-oven operators 



Creosote oil (Dead oil) (tar distillers) 7 (100% 

creosote basis) , total 

Distillate as such (100% creosote basis) 

Creosote content of coal tar solution (100% 
creosote basis) 



Tar, refined, for uses other than road tar- 



Pitch of tar (tar distillers) 7 , total 

Hard (water softening point above 160° F)- 
Other 9 



1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 

1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 

1,000 gal— 

1,000 gal— 

1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 

1,000 gal— 

1,000 gal— 

1,000 tons- 
1,000 tons- 
1,000 tons- 



589,553 
174,320 

1,672,660 

60,940 

1,611,720 

1,009,903 

9,238 

1,000,665 

972,153 

1,364 

970,789 

1,377 

19,018 



107,689. 



344,412 
105,163 

903,323 

59,837 

843,486 

597,140 

8,360 
588,780 
439,087 

1,288 
437,799 

1,406 

3,598 



51,410 



1,000 
dollars 



1,195,399 

5 78,985 

1,116,414 

627,401 

5 8,611 

618,790 

464,168 

5 1,365 

462,803 



80,530 

27,159 

13,638 

955 



40,491 

10,919 

13,699 

952 



27,776 

( 9 ) 

11,424 

120,711 



508 
447 



505 
447 



85,782 
34,929 



$1.32 
1.32 
1.32 
1.05 
1.03 
1.05 
1.06 
1.06 
1.06 



.69 
( 8 ) 
.83 
126.80 



169.86 
101.56 



*Unit value per gallon or ton as specified. 

2 Includes only data for coal tar reported to the Office of Energy Data and Interpretation, Energy Information 
Administration, Department of Energy (Energy Data Reports, Coke & Ctial Chemicals in December, 1979 , March 
1980). At date of publication, sales value for coal tar was not available. Data on U.S. production of water- 
gas tar and oil-gas tar are not collected by the U.S. International Trade Commission, but according to trade 
publications, production of these tars amounted to 21 million gallons in 1968. 

Data reported by tar distillers are not included because publication would disclose the operations of indi- 
vidual companies. At date of publication, sales value for coke-oven operators was not available. 

''includes data for material produced for use in blending motor fuels. The annual production statistics for 
petroleum refiners on benzene, toluene, and xylene are not comparable with the combined monthly production fig- 
ures because of fiscal year revisions. 

Sales value figures are estimated from Energy Data Reports, Coke & Coal Chemicals in December, 1979 , March 
1980. 

Benzene, specification grades (1°, 2°) only. 

Data from coke-oven operators were unavailable at time of publication. 

In 1979, production of coal-tar solution containing creosote (100% solution basis) amount to 58,032 thousand 
gallons; sales were 36,084 thousand gallons, valued at 24,667 thousand dollars, with a unit value of $0.68 per 
gallon. 



10 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



Footnotes --Continued 
'includes pitch emulsion, medium and soft pitch. 

Note 1. — Statistics for materials produced in coke and gas-retort ovens are compiled by the Office of Energy 
Data and Interpretation, Energy Information Administration, Department of Energy. Statistics for materials 
produced in tar and petroleum refineries are compiled by the U.S. International Trade Commission. 

Note 2. — Data for all other tars and tar crudes are not included in 1979 report because publication would 
disclose the operation of indivisual companies. Preliminary coke-oven operators data were obtained from cumu- 
lative totals reported in Energy Data Reports, Coke & Coal Chemicals in December, 1979 , March 1980, as the 
annual publication data were not available to include in this report. 



TABLE 1A.— Tar: U.S. production and consumption, 1978 and 1979 

(In thousands of gallons) 

1978 



PRODUCTION 

Coal tar from coke-oven byproduct plants, total 

CONSUMPTION 

Total 

Tar consumed by distillation, total 

Coal tar distilled or topped by coke-oven operators 1 

Coal tar and oil-gas tar distilled by tar distillers 3 

Tar consumed by the producers chiefly as fuel 

Coal tar consumed at coke-oven plants in miscellaneous uses - 



540,628 



( 2 ) 



589,553 



( 2 ) 



( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 

277,079 


( 2 ) 
341,863 


( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 



'Reported to the Office of Energy Data and Interpretation, Energy Information Administration, Department of 
Energy. 

department of Energy data were not available at time of publication. 

'Reported to the U.S. International Trade Commission. Represents tar purchased from companies operating coke- 
ovens and gas-retort plants and distilled by companies operating tar-distillation plants. Statistics also in- 
clude tar consumed other than by distillation by tar distillers. 



TAR AND TAR CRUDES 



11 



TABLE IB.— Tar and tar crudes: Summary of U.S. production of specified 
products, 1967, 1978, and 1979 



TAR AND TAR CRUDES 



UNIT 

OF 

QUANTITY 








INCREASE, OR 


1967 1 


1978 


1979 


DECREASE (-) 


1979 OVER 
1967 


1979 OVER 
1978 










Percent 


Percent 


1,000 gal— 


780,334 


540,452 


589,553 


-24.4 


9.1 


1,000 gal— 


90,642 


53,472 


60,940 


-32.8 


14.0 


1,000 gal— 


878,704 


1,434,957 


1,611,720 


83.4 


12.3 


1,000 gal— 


969,346 


1,488,429 


1,672,660 


72.6 


12.4 


1,000 gal— 


19,357 


7,855 


9,238 


-52.3 


17.6 


1,000 gal— 


■*624, 454 


1,046,107 


1,000,665 


60.2 


-4.3 


1,000 gal— 


643,811 


1,053,962 


1,009,903 


56.9 


-4.2 


1,000 gal— 


5,488 


1,434 


1,364 


-75.1 


-4.9 


1,000 gal— 


"449,349 


843,782 


970,789 


116.0 


15.1 


1,000 gal— 


454,837 


845,216 


972,153 


113.7 


15.0 


1,000 lb 


520,991 


( 6 ) 


( 6 ) 


( 6 ) 


( 6 ) 


1,000 lb 


376,679 


156,801 


163,367 


-56.6 


4.2 


1,000 lb 


897,670 


C) 


C) 


O 


C) 


1,000 gal— 


108,832 


8 51, 343 


80,530 


( 9 ) 


( 9 ) 


1,000 gal— 


17,402 


8 34,961 


27,159 


C) 


C 9 ) 


1,000 gal— 


126,234 


"86,304 


107,689 


( 9 ) 


C) 



Coal tar 

Benzene: 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum refiners 

Total 

Toluene: 3 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum refiners 

Total 

Xylene: 3 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum refiners 

Total 

Naphthalene : 

Crude 5 

Petroleum naphthalenes, all 

grades 

Total 

Creosote oil (Dead oil) : 7 

Distillate as such (100% creo- 
sote basis) 

Creosote content of coal tar 
solution (100% creosote 



Total- 



Standard reference base period for Federal Government general-purpose index numbers. 

z Includes only data for coal tar reported to the Office of Energy Data and Interpretation, Energy Information 
Administration, Department of Energy. 

3 Data reported by tar distillers are not included because publication would disclose the operations of individ- 
ual companies. 

"includes data for material produced for use in blending motor fuels. Statistics are not comparable with mon- 
thly figures which include some o-xylene. 

s Naphthalene solidifying at less than 79° C. Figures include production by tar distillers and coke-oven opera- 
tors and represent combined data for the commercial grades of naphthalene. Because of conversion between grades, 
the figures may include some duplication. Statistics on naphthalene refined from domestic crudes are reported 
in the section on "Cyclic Intermediates." 

Statistics for 1978 and 1979 cannot be published; to do so would disclose the operations of individual com- 
panies. 

Includes data for creosote oil produced by tar distillers and coke-oven operators and used only in wood pre- 
serving . 

Includes data for creosote oil produced by tar distillers only in wood preserving. 

9 Comparsion not possible because 1979 data from the Department of Energy were not available at time of publica- 
tion for inclusion in report. 



328-942 - 



12 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



TABLE 2.— Tar crudes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 

IDENTIFIED BY MANUFACTURERS, 1979 

[CHEMICALS FOR WHICH SEPARATE STATISTICS ARE GIVEN IN TABLE 1 ARE MARKED WITH AN ASTERISK (*) : CHEMICALS NOT SO 
MARKED DO NOT APPEAR IN TABLE 1 BECAUSE THE REPORTED DATA ARE ACCEPTED IN CONFIDENCE AND MAY NOT BE PUBLISHED. 
MANUFACTURERS' IDENTIFICATION CODES SHOWN BELOW ARE TAKEN FROM TABLE 3] 



TAR CRUDES 



MANUFACTURERS' IDENTIFICATION CODES 
(ACCORDING TO LIST IN TABLE 3) 



Light-oil distillates: 

*Solvent naphtha 1 

Pyridine, crude bases 

Naphthalene, crude, solidifying at: 
74° C to less than 79° C: 

74° C to less than 76° C 

76° C to less than 79° C 

Methylnaphthalene - 

*Crude tar-acid oils: 1 

Tar-acid content 5% to less than 24% 

Tar-acid content 24% to 50% 

Cresylic acid, crude 

*Creosote oil (Dead oil) : 

*Distillate as such 

*Creosote in coal tar solution 

All other distillate products: 

Carbon black oil 

Creosote tar acid oil 

Crude coal tar solvent 

Crude tetralin 

Priming and refractory oil 

All other 

Tar , road 

*Tar for other uses: Refined 

*Pitch of tar: 

Soft (water softening point less than 110° F) 

Medium (water softening point 110° F to 160° F) — 

*Hard (water softening point above 160° F) 

Pitch emulsion 

Refined anthracene 



NEV. 
KPT. 



ACS, KPT. 
ACS, KPT. 
KPT. 

KPT. 
ACS. 
FER, KPT. 



ACS, COP, KPT, RIL, WTC. 
ACS, KPT, RIL, WTC. 



KPT. 






KPT. 






KPT. 






KPT. 






KPT. 






ACS, 


KPT. 




ACS, 


RIL. 




ACS, 


KPT, 


RIL. 


ACS, 


KPT. 




ACS, 


COP, 


KPT, RIL 


KPT, 


RIL, 


WTC. 


JEN. 
ACS. 







Does not include manufacturers' identification codes for producers which report to the Office of Energy Data and 
Interpretation, Energy Information Administration, Department of Energy. Those producers are listed in the U.S. 
Department of Energy, Energy Data Reports, September 4, 1979, entitled "Coke Producers in the United States in 
1978." 



TABLE 3.— Tar and tar crudes: Directory of manufacturers, 1979 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of tar and tar crudes to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1979 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



Code 


Name of company : 


Code 


Name of company 


ACS 
COP 


Allied Chemical Corp., Chemicals Co. Div. : 
Coopers Creek Chemical Corp. : 


KPT 


Koppers Co., Inc.: 

Organic Materials Group 
Roads Materials Div. 


FER 


Ferro Corp., Productol Chemical Div. : 


NEV 


Neville Chemical Co. 


HUS 


Husky Industries, Inc. : 


RIL 


Reilly Tar & Chemical Corp. 


JEN 


Jennison-Wright Corp. : 


WTC 


Witco Chemical Corp. 



Note. — Complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in table 1 of the appendix. 



SECTION II -- PRIMARY PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AMD NATURAL GAS w 
FOR CHEMICAL CONVERSION 

STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 
Louis N. DeToro 

Primary products that are derived from petroleum and natural gas are 
related to the intermediates and finished products made from such primary 
materials in much the same way that crude products derived from the 
distillation of coal tar are related to their intermediates and finished 
products. Many of the primary products derived from petroleum are identical 
with those derived from coal tar (e.g., benzene, toluene, and xylene). Con- 
siderable duplication exists in the statistics on the production and sales 
of primary petroleum products because some of these primary chemicals are 
converted to other primary products derived from petroleum and because data 
on some production and sales are reported at successive stages in the 
conversion process. The statistics are sufficiently accurate, however, to 
indicate trends in the industry. Many of the primary products for which 
data are included in the statistics may be used either as fuel or as basic 
materials from which other chemicals are derived. In this report every 
effort has been made to exclude data on materials that are used as fuel; 
however, data are included on toluene and xylene which are used in blending 
aviation and motor fuel. 

The output of primary products derived from petroleum and natural gas 
as a group amounted to 120,564 million pounds in 1979. Production in 1978 
was 128,947 million pounds. The output of aromatic and naphthenic products 
from petroleum amounted to 31,222 million pounds in 1979, compared with 
54,638 million pounds in 1978. Production and sales data for cumene, 
cyclohexane, ethylbenzene, styrene, o-xylene, and p-xylene were dropped 
from section II and added to section III of this report, accounting for 
the large decrease in production data for 1979. Sales amounted to $2,517 
million in 1979 and $2,663 million in 1978. Production of benzene, toluene, 
and xylene from petroleum increased in 1979 by about 2 billion pounds, while 
the unit values of these products were up markedly from last year's unit 
values (table 1) . 

Production of all aliphatic hydrocarbons and derivatives from petroleum 
and natural gas was 89,341 million pounds in 1979, compared with 74,308 
million pounds in 1978. Sales of these products were valued at $4,659 million 
in 1979, compared with $3,497 million in 1978. Production of ethylene was 
29,904 million pounds in 1979. The output of 1 ,3-butadiene in 1979 (3,583 
million pounds) increased from the production in 1978 (3,515 million pounds). 

Data for 1979 crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical 
conversion were supplied by 70 companies or company divisions. 



Statistics on chemicals from coal tar are given in Section I (Tar and Tar 
Crudes) of this report. 



II -- PRIMARY PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AW NATURAL GAS FOR CHEMICAL CONVERSION 



15 



TABLE 1. —Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical 

CONVERSION: Ui-Sr PRODUCTION AND SALES, 1979 

[Listed below are the primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which any re- 
ported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders (...) are used where the reported data are ac- 
cepted in confidence and may not be published or where.no data were reported.) Table 2 lists separately all 
primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which data on production and/or 
sales were reported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



PRIMARY PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL 
GAS FOR CHEMICAL CONVERSION 



PRODUCTION 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



Grand total 

AROMATICS AND NAPHTHENES 2 
Total 



Benzene (1° and 2°) 

Dicyclopentadiene (including cyclopentadiene) 

Naphthalene, all grades 

Naphthenic acid 



Toluene, all grades, total 

Nitration grade, 1° 

Pure commercial grade, 2° 

All other 3 " 



Xylenes, mixed, total- 
s'" grade— 

5° grade ■ 

All other" 



All other aromatics and naphthenes 

ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS 
Total 



C 2 Hydrocarbons , total- 
Ethane 

Ethylene 



C 3 Hydrocarbons, total- 
Propane 

Propylene 



C i, Hydrocarbons, total 

Butadiene and butylene fractions 

1,3-Butadiene, grade for rubber (elastomers) 

n-Butane 

1-Butene ■ 

1-Butene and 2-Butene, mixed — 

Isobutane — — ■ 

Isobutylene, 2-butene and mixed butylenes — 

All other 8 



C5 Hydrocarbons, total 

Dibutanized aromatic concentrate — 
Isoprene (2-Methyl-l,3-butadiene)- 

n-Pentane 

Pentenes , mixed 

All other 9 



All other aliphatic hydrocarbons, derivatives and 

mixtures , total 

Alpha olefins' ° 



1,000 
pounds 

120,563,539 



31,222,406 



11,797,794 

68,410 

163,367 

17,261 

7,214,795 



4,690,764 

700,713 

1,823,318 

7.377,996 



3,997,767 
1,427,812 
1,952,417 

4,582,783 



89,341,133 



37,787,370 



7,883,702 
29,903,668 



24,209,267 



10,010,851 
14,198,416 

12.274,183 



712,854 
3,582,642 
2,439,645 

108,051 
1,069,304 
1,535,430 
1,687,905 
1,138,352 

985,659 



201,532 

547,976 

71,745 

164,406 



14,084,654 



1,000 
pounds 

62,658,333 



1,000 
dollars 



17,994,954 



2,516,806 



6,174,317 
62,103 
96,341 
16,583 

4.245,102 



1,116,414 

6,907 

19,066 

2,431 

618,790 



3,459,988 

785,114 

3,327,276 



2,110,939 
605,033 
611,304 

4,073,232 



44,663,379 



507,573 
111,217 
462,803 



295,309 
82,402 
85,092 

290,395, 



4,659,167 



15,346,747 



1,801,692 



3,705,249 
11,641,498 



15,255.542 



7,891,199 
7,364,343 



6,863,615 



196,121 
1,605,571 

1,199,869 



467,979 
731,890 



958.927 



438,068 

2,504,473 

1,037,345 

99,398 

645,444 

379,571 
1,255,728 

503,588 

696.883 



800,595 



133,129 
197,278 



366,476 



6,500,592 



90,824 
550,991 
104,382 
19,428 
68,895 
22,963 
56,999 
44,445 

85,305 



470,951 



15,053 
31,227 



39,025 



613.374 



Per 

pound 



$0.12 



122,273 



See footnotes at end of table. 



16 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



TABLE 1.— Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical 

CONVERSION: U.S. PRODUCTION AND SALES, 1979--CONTINUED 



PRIMARY PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL 
GAS FOR CHEMICAL CONVERSION 



ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS— Continued 

All other aliphatic hydrocarbons, derivatives, and 
mixtures — Continued 

Dodecene (Tetrapropylene) 

Heptenes , mixed 

Hexane 

Nonene (Tripropylene) 

n-Paraff ins 1 

All other 1 2 



1,000 
pounds 

323,907 
124,670 
387,594 
477,216 
1,509,797 
10,460,875 



QUANTITY 



1,000 
pounds 

89,357 

94,389 

313,562 

345,057 

879,588 

4,307,688 



1,000 
dollars 

12,568 
12,796 
41,120 
47,339 

105,883 
271,395 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



Per 

pound 



$0.14 
.14 
.13 
.14 
.12 
.06 



Calculated from rounded figures. 

The chemical raw materials designated as aromatics are in some cases identical with those obtained from the 
distillation of coal tar; however, the statistics given in the table above relate only to such materials as are 
derived from petroleum and natural gas. Statistics on production and/or sales of benzene, toluene, and xylene 
from all sources are given in table 1 and IB of the report on "Tar and Tar Crudes." 
'includes toluene, solvent grade, 90 percent. 

Includes toluene and xylene used as solvents, as well as that which is blended in aviation and motor gasolines. 

Includes data for alkyl aromatics, crude cresylic acid, refined cresylic acid, methylcyclopentane, polyethyl- 
benzene, distillates, solvents, and miscellaneous cyclic hydrocarbons. 
6 Includes data for refinery propylene. 

The statistics represent principally the butene content of crude refinery gases from which butadiene is manu- 
factured. 

8 Includes data for butanes, mixed Ci, streams. 

Includes sales data only for C 5 hydrocarbon mixtures, isopentane, n-pentane, mixed pentenes, and piperylenes. 
"includes data for the following molecular weight ranges: C 6 -C 7 ; C 8 -C 10 ; C U -C I5 ; C 15 -C 20 ; and others. 

Includes data for the following chain lengths: C G -C 9 ; C 9 -C ]5 ; C^-C^; C 10 -C 16 ; and others. 

Includes production and/or sales data for acetylene, amylenes, cyclooctadiene, di-isobutylene, eicosane, hydro- 
carbon derivatives, methane, methyl acetylene propadiene, methylcyclopentadiene, mixtures of C and C , C and C 
hydrocarbons, neohexane, n-heptane, n-octane, polybutene, propylene tetramer, triisobutylene, and other hydro- 
carbons, and production data only for all other C hydrocarbons. 



II - PRIMARY PfODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AMD NATURAL GAS FOR CHEMICAL C9NVERSI0* 



17 



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<■; & 

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w 


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03 


Oh 


ON 


EH 


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18 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMCALS, 1979 



X 


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II -- PRIMARY PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS FOR CHEMICAL CONVERSION 



19 



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20 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



53 iJ 

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E-" H 



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to to to 



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to to to 



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a, o 



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w a «'w 

w +J +> 

o. o. c 

fi t3 at to ■ 



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C u 
m a 

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a> +> o 

3 01 



aj ai +» H +> 



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(8 O t> +> 



M ft 



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X A X J3 J3 rt 

o. ft p. o. p. pj 

H H H H H < 

< < < < < a. 



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HWHHaf-PO**4-> 1 HOI 



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1 ai 1 o 1 

•- > .a 

^ -h 1 a 1 

■P 

3 11 1 « 1 

a > c 

I +> H I (0 1 



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U X H 2 



II -- PRIMARY PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS FOP. CHEMICAL CONVERSION 



21 



TABLE 3.— Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical 
conversion: Directory of manufacturers, 1979 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of crude products from petroleum and natural gas 
for chemical conversion to the U.S. International Trade Commission for 1979 are listed below in the order of 
their identification codes as used in table 2] 



Code 


Name of company • 


: Code 


Name of company 


ACU 


Allied Chemical Corp . , Union Texas : 


: MCB 


Borg-Warner Corp., Borg-Warner Chemicals 




Petroleum Div. : 


: MNO 


Monochem, Inc. 


AIP 


Air Products & Chemicals, Inc. : 


: MOC 


Marathon Oil Co., Texas Refining Div. 


AMO 


Standard Oil Co. (Indiana) : 


: MON 


Monsanto Co. 


APR 


Atlas Processing Co. : 






ASH 


Ashland Oil, Inc. : 


: NWP 


Northern Petrochemical Co. 


ATR 


Atlantic Richfield Co., Arco Chemical Co. 










: occ 


Oxirane Chemical Co. 


BAS 


BASF Wyandotte Corp. : 


: OMC 


Olin Corp. 


BFG 


B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich Chemical : 








Group : 


: PAS 


Pennwalt Corp. 






: PLC 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 


CBN 


Cities Service Co., Petrochemicals Div. : 


: PPR 


Phillips Puerto Rico Core, Inc. 


CCP 


Crown Central Petroleum Corp. : 


: PPX 


Phillips Paraxylene, Inc. 


CLK 


Clark Oil & Refining Corp. : 


: p TT 


Petro-Tex Chemical Corp. 


CO 


Conoco, Inc. • 


: PUE 


Puerto Rico Olefins Co. 


COR 


Commonwealth Oil & Refining Co., Inc. : 






CPI 


Commonwealth Petrochemicals, Inc. : 


• QH 


Quintana-Howell Joint Venture 


CPX 


Chemplex Co. : 






CPY 


Copolymer Rubber & Chemical Corp. : 


: RH 


Rohm & Haas Co. 


CSD 


Cosden Oil & Chemical Corp. : 






CSO 


Cities Service Co., Petroleum Products Group : 


: SHC 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 


CSP 


Coastal States Petrochemical Co. : 


: SHO 


Shell Oil Co. 






: SIO 


Standard Oil Co. 


DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. : 


: SKO 


Getty Refining & Marketing Co. & 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. : 




Delaware Refinery 






: SM 


Mobil Oil Corp.: 


EKX 


Eastman Kodak Co., Texas Eastman Co. Div. : 




Gas Liquids Dept. 


ELP 


El Paso Products Co. : 




Mobil Chemical Co., Petrochemicals Div. 


ENJ 


Exxon Chemical Co. U.S.A. : 


: SNO 


SunOlin Chemical Co. 






: SOC 


Standard Oil Co. of California, Chevron 


FER 


Ferro Corp., Productol Chemical Div. : 




Chemical Co. 


FRS 


Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., Firestone 


: SOG 


Charter International Oil Co. 




Synthetic Rubber & Latex Co. Div. : 


: SUN 


Sun Company, Inc. 






: SWC 


Corco Cyclohexane, Inc. 


GOC 


Gulf Oil Corp., Gulf Oil Chemicals ; 
Co. -U.S. : 


: SWR 


Southwestern Refining Co. 


GRS 


Champlin Petroleum Co. ; 


: TID 


Getty Refining & Marketing Co. 






: TNA 


Ethyl Corp. 


HCF 


Hercofina : 


: TOC 


Tenneco Oil Co., P & M 


HES 


Amerada Hess Corp. (Hess Oil Virgin Islands : 


: TUS 


Texas-U.S. Chemical Co. 




Corp.) 


: TX 


Texaco, Inc. 


HMY 


Humphrey Chemical Co. : 






HST 


American Hoechst Corp. : 


: UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 






: UOC 


Union Oil Co. of California & Chemicals Div 






: USI 


National Distillers & Chemicals Corp., 


JCC 


Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc. : 




U.S. Industrial Chemicals Co. 






: USR 


Uniroyal, Inc., Uniroyal Chemical Div. 






: USS 


USS Chemicals Div. of U.S. Steel Corp. 


KLM 


Kalama Chemical, Inc. 







Note. — Complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in table 1 of the appendix. 



SECTION III -- CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 23 

STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 

Edmund Cappuccilli 

Cyclic intermediates are synthetic organic chemicals derived principally 
from petroleum and natural gas and from coal-tar crudes produced by destruc- 
tive distillation (pyrolysis) of coal. Most cyclic intermediates are used in 
the manufacture of more advanced synthetic organic chemicals and finished pro- 
ducts, such as dyes, medicinal chemicals, elastomers (synthetic rubber), 
pesticides, and plastics and resin materials. Some intermediates, however, 
are sold as end products without further processing. For example, refined 
napthalene may be used as a raw material in the manufacture of 2-naphthol 
or of other more advanced intermediates, or may be packaged and sold as a 
moth repellant or as a deodorant. In 1979 about 43 percent of the total 
output of cyclic intermediates was sold; the rest was consumed chiefly in the 
producing plants in the manufacture of more advanced intermediates and finished 
products. 

Total production of cyclic intermediates in 1979 amounted to 49,574 
million pounds, compared, with 19,936 million pounds produced in 1978. Sales 
of cyclic intermediates in 1979 were 21,544 million pounds, valued at $6,566 
million, compared with 8,853 million pounds, valued at $2,803 million in 1978. 
The 1979 totals are significantly higher than the 1978 totals because of the 
addition of the following cyclic intermediates: cumene, cyclohexane, 
cyclohexene, ethylbenzene, styrene, m-xylene, o-xylene, and p-xylene. The 
figures on U.S. production and sales of these eight cyclic intermediates were 
included in Section II, Primary Products from Petroleum and Natural Gas for 
Chemical Conversion, from 1976 through 1978. 

Intermediates which were produced in excess of 2 billion pounds in 
1979 were ethylbenzene (8,448 million pounds), styrene (7,484 million pounds), 
dimethyl terephthalate (6,159 million pounds), p-xylene (4,650 million 
pounds), cumene (3,917 million pounds), phenol (2,981 million pounds), and 
cyclohexane (2,425 million pounds). 



Ill - CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 
TABLE 1,— Cyclic intermediates: U,S. production and sales, 1979 



25 



[Listed below are all cyclic intermediates for which any reported data on production and sales may be published. 
(Leaders (...) are used where the reported data are accepted in condifence and may not be published or where 
no data were reported.) Table 2 lists all cyclic intermediates for which data on production and/or sales 
were reported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



PRODUCTION 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



Grand total 

Acetoacetanilide 

o-Acetoacetanisidide 

o-Acetoacetotoluidide — 

Alkylbenzenes 

l-Amino-2-bromo-4-hydroxyanthraquinone 

p-[ (p-Aminophenyl)azo]benzenesulfonic acid 

Aniline (Aniline oil) 

Anilinomethanesulfonic acid and salt * 

Benzoic acid, tech 

2-Benzothiazolethiol, sodium salt 

Biphenyl 

Butylphenols , mixed 

Chlorobenzene, mono- 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide 

Cresols, total 3 

o-Cresol ■ 

All other" 

Cresylic acid, refined 3 

Cumene 

Cyclohexane 

Cyclohexanone 

o-Dichlorobenzene 

p-Dichlorobenzene 

2 , 4-Dichlorophenol 

N,N-Diethylaniline 

1,4-Dihydroxyanthraquinone (Quinizarin) 

N,N-Dimethylaniline 

N,N-Dimethylbenzylamine 

N-Ethylaniline, refined 

Ethylbenzene 

Isocyanic acid derivatives, total 

Polymethylene polypheny lisocyanate 

Toluene-2,4- and 2,6-diisocyanate (80/20 mixture) 
Other isocyanic acid derivatives • 

4,4'-Isopropylidenediphenol (Bisphenol A) 

Leuco quinizarin (1,4,9,10-Anthratetrol) 

Metanilic acid (m-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid) 

3- (N-Methylanilino) propionitrile 

a-Methylstyrene ' 

o-Nitroaniline 

p-Nitroaniline 

Nitrobenzene 

Nonylphenol 

Phenol, total 3 

From cumene 

Other 5 



1,000 
pounds 



49,574,216 



1,000 



10,053 

1,663 

1,797 

626,732 

808 

302 

689,783 

308 

77,043 

14,753 

58,180 

7,978 

323,402 

761 

108,166 



24,235 
83,931 



3,917,416 

2,425,280 

874,995 

57,113 

83,462 

2,554 

1,337 

13,714 

288 

2,369 

8,448,362 

1,342,905 



487,725 
687,045 
168,135 

575,849 

128 

1,173 

110 

81,595 

10,424 

16,282 

952,414 

154,666 

2,981,210 



2,900,626 
80,584 



21,544,445 



1,000 
dollars 



6,566,387 



9,131 

1,414 

1,269 

492,087 



269,316 

34,334 
8,088 

31,823 

5,861 

114,166 



7,300 
2,386 
1,196 

168,907 



69,798 

11,056 
3,332 
5,708 
2,497 

31,395 



62,472 



28,788 
79,711 

45,488 

1,743,126 

2,397,160 

46,491 

56,503 

83,753 

9,017 

2,419 

11,349 

249 

1,839 

364,854 

1,159,912 



12,239 
50,233 

13,868 

319,324 

519,230 

17,017 

17,559 

25,770 

4,178 

2,636 

7,650 

543 

1,860 

59,358 

679,846 



421,231 
619,980 
118,701 

186,552 



63,181 
5,333 



22,098 
63,259 



1,626,559 



237,703 
337,491 
104,652 

73,192 



13,636 
5,893 



5,281 
19,224 



Per 

pound 



$0.31 



.80 

1.69 

.94 

.34 



.32 
.41 
.18 
.43 
.27 



.43 
.63 

.31 
.18 
.22 
.37 
.31 
.31 
.46 
1.09 

.67 
2.18 
1.01 

.16 

.59 



.22 
1.11 



.24 
.30 



See footnotes at end of table. 



26 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 

TABLE 1,— Cyclic intermediates: U.S. production and sales, 1979— -Continued 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



2,2'-[ (Phenyl) iminojdiethanol (N-Phenyldiethanol- 

amine) 

Phthalic anhydride 

Salicylic acid, tech 

Styrene 

Terephthalic acid, dimethyl ester 6 

Tetrahydrofuran 

Toluene-2,4-diamine (4-m-Tolylenediamine) 

o-Xylene 

p-Xylene ■ 

All other cyclic intermediates 



1,000 
pounds 



1,012,857 

40,247 

7,484,233 

6,159,244 

120,296 

228,871 

1,081,529 

4,649,787 

4,931,777 



1,000 
pounds 

358 

551,504 

5,060 

3,266,336 

44,183 

109,116 

903,259 

2,701,404 

4,998,095 



1,000 
dollars 

273 

166,885 

4,439 

933,191 

34,901 

27,548 

166,790 

593,486 

2,051,480 



Per 
pound 



$0.76 
.30 



'Calculated from unrounded figures. 

2 Includes straight-chain dodecylbenzene, tridecylbenzene, and other straight-chain alkylbenzenes. Branched- 
chain alkylbenzenes are included in "All other cyclic intermediates.' 

3 Does not include data for coke ovens and gas-retort ovens, reported to the Office of Energy Data and Inter- 
pretation, Energy Information Administration, Department of Energy. 

"•Figures include (o,m,p)-cresol from coal tar and some m-cresol and p-cresol. 

5 The 1978 production figure was incorrect. 

e The figures for terephthalic acid, dimethyl ester (DMT) include both the acid itself and the dimethyl ester 
without double counting. The acid production figure was multiplied by the factor 1.16 to convert it to equivalent 
DMT. The 1978 production figure was incorrect. 



Ill -- CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



27 



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CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



29 



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60 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHtMlCALS, 1979 

TABLE 3.— Cyclic intermediates: Directory of manufacturers, 1979 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of cyclic intermediates to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1979 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



Code : 


Name of company : 


: Code : 


Name of company 


ABB : 


Abbott Laboratories : 


: GAF = 


GAF Corp. 


AC : 


American Color & Chemical Corp. '■ 


: GE : 


General Electric Co. 


ACS : 


Allied Chemical Corp., Chemical Co. Div. : 


: GIV : 


Givaudan Corp. 


ACY : 


American Cyanamid Co. '• 


: GLY : 


Glyco Chemicals, Inc. 


ADC : 


Anderson Development Co. ! 


: GNW : 


Greenwood Chemical Co. 


ALD : 


Aldrich Chemical Co., Inc. '• 


: GOC 


Gulf Oil Corp., Gulf Oil Chemicals 


ALF : 


Allied Chemical Corp., Fibers Div. '• 




Co. -U.S. 


ALL : 


Alliance Chemical Corp. : 


: GP 


Georgia-Pacific Corp. : 


AMB : 


American Bio-Synthetics Corp. : 




Houston Div. 


AMO = 


Standard Oil Co. (Indiana) : 




Plaquemine Div. 


ARA : 


Araphahoe Chemicals, Inc., Sub/Syntex : 


: GRS 


Champlin Petroleum Co. 




U.S.A., Inc. : 


: GTL 


Great Lakes Chemical Corp. 


ARK : 


Armstrong Cork Co. : 


: GYR 


Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 


ARS 


Arsynco, Inc. : 






ARZ : 


Arizona Chemical Co. • 


: HCF 


Hereof ina 


ASH 


Ashland Oil, Inc. : 


: HCR 


Hercor Chemical Corp. 


ATL 


Atlantic Chemical Corp. : 


: HDW 


Hardwicke Chemical Co. 


ATR 


Atlantic Richfield Co., Arco Chemical Co. '• 


: HEX 


Hexagon Laboratories, Inc. 






: HK 


Hooker Chemical Corp. 


BAS 


BASF Wyandotte Corp. and Pigments Div. : 


: HN 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc. 


BCC 


Buffalo Color Corp. '• 


: HPC 


Hercules, Inc. 


BJL 


Burdick & Jackson Laboratories, Inc. '• 


: HSH 


Harshaw Chemical Co. 


BKM 


Buckman Laboratories, Inc. : 


: HST 


American Hoechst Corp., Industrial 


BUC 


Synalloy Corp . , Blackman-Uhler • 




Chemicals Div. 




Chemical Div. : 


: HXL 


Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Specialty Chemicals 


CCW 


Cincinnati Milacron Chemicals, Inc. : 


: ICI 


ICI Americas, Inc., Chemical 


CEL 


Celanese Corp., Celanese Chemical Co. : 




Specialties Co. 


CGY 


Ciba-Geigy Corp. : 






CHL 


Chemol, Inc. : 






CHT 


Chattem, Inc. : 


: JCC 


Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc. 


CLK 


Clark Oil 6, Refining Corp. : 






CNP 


Nipro, Inc. • 






CO 


Conoco, Inc. : 


: KF 


Kay-Fries Inc., Member Dynamit Nobel Group 


CPI 


Commonwealth Petrochemicals, Inc. : 


: KLM 


Kalama Chemical, Inc. 


CRZ 


Crown Zellenbach Corp., Chemical : 


: KPP 


ARCO/Polymers, Inc. 




Products Div. : 


: KPT 


Koppers Co., Inc., Organic Materials Group 


CSD 


Cosden Oil & Chemical Co. : 






CWN 


Upjohn Co., Fine Chemical Div. : 


: LAK 


Bofors Lakeway, Inc. 






: LEM 


Napp Chemicals, Inc. 






: LIL 


Eli Lilly & Co., U.S. & Puerto Rico 


DBC 


Badische Co. • 






DCC 


Dow Corning Corp. ■ 


: MAL 


Mallinckrodt, Inc. 


DGC 


Degussa Corp. : 


: MCB 


Borg-Warner Corp., Borg-Warner Chemicals 


DKA 


Denka Chemical Corp. • 


: MER 


Merichem Co. 


DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. " 


: MIL 


Milliken & Co., Milliken Chemical Co. 


DUP 


E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. : 


: MLC 


Melamine Chemicals, Inc. 


DVC 


Dover Chemical Corp., Sub of ICC Industries, : 


: MNR 


Monroe Chemical, Inc. 




Inc. " 


: MOB 


Mobay Chemical Co. 






: MON 


Monsanto Co . 






: MRT 


Morton-Norwich Products, Inc., 


EK 


Eastman Kodak Co.: " 




Morton Chemical Co. Div. 


EKT 


Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. : 


: MTO 


Montrose Chemical Corp. of California 


ELP 


El Paso Products Co. : 


: MTP 


Mount Pleasant Chemical Co. 


ENJ 


Exxon Chemical Co. U.S.A. : 










: NCI 


Union Camp Corp., Terpenes and 
Aromatics Div. 


FER 


Ferro Corp. : * 


: NEO 


Norda, Inc. 




• Ottawa Chemical Div. 


: NEP 


Nepera Chemical Co., Inc. 




: Productol Chemical Div. ! 


: NES 


Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co. 


FMP 


■ FMC Corp., Industrial Chemical Group 


: NIL 


Nilok Chemicals, Inc. 


FMT 


: Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc. 


: NOR 


Morton-Norwich Products, Inc., Norwich 


FST 


: First Chemical Corp. 




Eaton Pharmaceutical Div. 



Ill -- CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 61 

TABLE 3.— Cyclic intermediates: Directory of manufacturers, 1979— Continued 



OMC 
OPC 
ORO 
ORT 



PAS 

PCW 

PD 

PFZ 

PIT 

PLC 

PPG 

PPR 

PPX 

PTO 

QKO 

RBC 

RCI 
RDA 

RH 

RIL 

RPC 

RSA 
RUC 

SAL 
SCC 
SCN 
SDC 

SDH 
SDW 

SFA 
SFC 
SFS 
SHC 



Name of company 



Northwest Petrochemical Corp. 



Olin Corp. 

Orbis Products Corp. 

Chevron Chemical Co. 

Roehr Chemicals, Inc., Div. of Aceto 

Industrial Chemical Corp. 
Oxirane Chemical Co. (Channelview) 

Pennwalt Corp. 

Pfister Chemical, Inc. 

Warner-Lambert Co . 

Pfizer, Inc. & Pfizer Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 

Pitt-Consol Chemical Co. 

Phillips Petroleum Co. 

PPG Industries, Inc. 

Phillips Puerto Rico Core, Inc. 

Phillips Paraxylene, Inc. 

Puerto Rico Chemical Co., Inc. 

Quaker Oats Co. 

Fike Chemicals, Inc. 

Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 

Rhone-Poulenc , Inc . 

Rohm & Haas Co. 

Reilly Tar & Chemical Corp. 

Millmaster Onyx Group, Refined Onyx 

Co. Div. 
R.S.A. Corp. 
Rubicon Chemicals, Inc. 

Salsbury Laboratories 
Standard Chlorine of Delaware, Inc. 
Schenectady Chemicals, Inc. 
Martin-Marietta Corp., Sodyeco Div. 
Sterling Drug, Inc.: 

Hilton Davis Chemical Co. Div. 

Sterling Organics Div. 
Stauffer Chemical Co.: 

Agricultural Div. 

Calhio Chemicals, Inc. 

Specialty Div. 
Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 
SmithKline Corp., SmithKline Chemicals 

Div. 
Getty Refining & Marketing Co. 



SOG 
SOL 
STC 
STG 
STP 
STX 
SUN 
SW 

swe 

TCC 
TCH 
TEN 
TLC 
TNA 
TOC 
TRC 
TRD 



TX 

UCC 
UOC 
UOP 
UPF 
UPJ 
USM 
USR 
USS 



VEL 
VGC 
VIK 
VPC 
VTC 



WIL 
WTC 
WYT 



Name of company 



Standard Oil Co. of California, Chevron 

Chemical Co. 
Charter International Oil Co. 
Southland Corp., Chemical Div. 
American Hoechst Corp., Sou-Tex Works 
Stange Co. 
Stepan Chemical Co. 
St. Croix Petrochemicals Corp. 
Sun Company, Inc. 
Sherwin-Williams Co. 
Corco Cyclohexane, Inc. 

Sybron Corp., Chemical Division/Tanatex 

Emery Industries, Inc., Trylon Div. 

Cities Service Co., Copperhill Operations 

Twin Lake Chemical, Inc. 

Ethyl Corp. 

Tenneco Oil Co., P & M 

Toms River Chemical Corp. 

Squibb Manufacturing, Inc., Manufacturing 

Enterprises, Inc., Trade Enterprise, 

Inc., Ersana, Inc. 
Texaco, Inc. 

Union Carbide Corp. 

Union Oil Co. of California 

UOP, Inc., Chemical Div. 

Jim Walter Resources, Inc. 

Upjohn Co. 

USM Corp., Bostik Div., Southern Region 

Uniroyal, Inc., Uniroyal Chemical Div. 

USS Chemicals Div. of U.S. Steel Corp. 



Velsicol Chemical Corp. 

Virginia Chemicals, Inc. 

Viking Chemical Co. 

Mobay Chemical Corp., Dyestuff Div. 

Vertac, Inc. 



Philip A. Hunt Chemical Corp., Organic 

Chemical Div. 
American Can Co., Inolex Pharmaceutical Div. 
Witco Chemical Corp. 
Wyeth Laboratories, Inc., Wyeth 

Laboratories Div. of American Home 

Products Corp. 



Note. — Complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in table 1 of the appendix. The 
above codes identify those of the 183 reporting companies and company divisions for which permission to publish was 
not restricted. 



SECTION IV -- DYES 

STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 
William Baker and Edmund Cappuccilli 

Synthetic dyes are derived in whole or in part from cyclic intermediates. 
Approximately two-thirds of the dyes consumed in the United States are used 
by the textile industry to dye natural and synthetic fibers or fabrics; about 
one-sixth is used for coloring paper; and the rest is used chiefly in the 
production of organic pigments and in the dyeing of leather and plastics. Of 
the several thousand different synthetic dyes that are known, more than one 
thousand are manufactured by one or more domestic producers. The large 
number of dyes results from the many different types of materials to which 
dyes are applied, the different conditions of service for which dyes are 
required, and the costs that a particular use can bear. Dyes are sold as 
pastes, powders, lumps, and solutions; concentrations vary from 6 percent to 
100 percent. The concentration, form, and purity of a dye are determined 
largely by the use for which it is intended. 

Total domestic production of dyes in 1979 amounted to 266 million pounds, 
or 6.0 percent greater than the 251 million pounds produced in 1978 (table 1). 
Sales of dyes in 1979 amounted to 241 million pounds, valued at $797 million, 
compared with 233 million pounds, valued at $734 million, in 1978. In terms 
of quantity, sales of dyes in 1979 were 3.7 percent greater than in 1978 and 
in terms of value, 8.7 percent greater. The average unit value of sales of 
all dyes in 1979 was $3.30 per pound compared with $3.15 per pound in 1978. 

The production of seven classes of dyes increased in 1979, while the 
remaining two major classes registered slight to moderate declines in their 
production. Vat dyes increased by 23.5 percent from 37.8 million pounds in 
1978 to 46.6 million in 1979. The other six classes of dyes increased by the 
following percentages: basic dyes (3.4), direct dyes (0.7), disperse dyes (5.5), 
fiber-reactive (15.8), fluorescent brightening agents (12.5), FD&C colors (19.1). 



63 



IV -- DYES 



65 



TABLE 1.— Dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1979 

[Listed below are all dyes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders 
(...) are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no 
data were reported.) Table 2 lists all dyes for which data on production and/or sales were reported and 
identifies the manufacturers of each] 



Grand total 

ACID DYES 

Total 

Acid yellow dyes, total 

Acid Yellow 17 

Acid Yellow 19 

Acid Yellow 23 

Acid Yellow 36 

Acid Yellow 40 

Acid Yellow 151 

Acid Yellow 174 

All other 

Acid orange dyes, total 

Acid Orange 7 

Acid Orange 8 

Acid Orange 10 

Acid Orange 24 

Acid Orange 60 

All other 

Acid red dyes, total 

Acid Red 1 

Acid Red 4 

Acid Red 73 

Acid Red 88 

Acid Red 114 

Acid Red 137 

Acid Red 151 

Acid Red 182 

Acid Red 266 

Acid Red 337 

All other 

Acid violet dyes, total 

Acid Violet 3 

All other 

Acid blue dyes, total 

Acid Blue 40 

All other 

Acid green dyes 

Acid brown dyes, total 

Acid Brown 14 

Acid Brown 98 

All other 

Acid black dyes, total 

Acid Black 1 

Acid Black 52 

All other 



PRODUCTION 



1,000 
pounds 



265,881 



13,053 



93 

404 

312 

162 

76 

3,109 

90 

8,807 

4,791 



419 
193 
104 
433 
584 
3,058 

5,454 



283 

38 
164 

45 
380 
106 
439 
212 

1,750 
2,037 



43 
146 



1,041 
5,910 



234 
219 
522 

3,403 



372 
1,050 
1,981 



SALES 



QUANTITY 



1,000 
pounds 



241,396 



33,093 



12,302 



114 

253 

259 

135 

70 

2,897 

90 

8,484 

4,472 



367 
190 
99 
386 
540 
2,890 

5,244 



251 

45 

136 

45 

250 

109 

312 

158 

254 

2,112 

1,572 

184 



27 

157 



6,280 



1,077 
5,203 



261 
198 
511 



309 

772 

2,056 



1,000 
dollars 



797,212 



134,064 



35,986 



484 
608 

1,131 
553 
406 

6,393 

424 

25,987 

18,726 



1,034 

550 

314 

1,148 

2,170 

13,510 

24,533 



733 

186 

735 

212 

1,198 

695 

1,078 

647 

1,109 

8,708 

9,232 

961 



87 
874 



5,982 
29,185 



2,679 
4,201 



1,099 

756 

2,346 

11,811 



1,152 
2,735 
7,924 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



See footnotes at end of table. 



66 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 
TABLE I.— Dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1979— Continued 



PRODUCTION 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



BASIC DYES (CLASSICAL AND MODIFIED) 

Total 

Basic yellow dyes, total 

Basic Yellow 11 

Basic Yellow 13 

Basic Yellow 29 

All other 

Basic orange dyes, total 

Basic Orange 2- 

Basic Orange 21 

All other 

Basic red dyes, total 

Basic Red 14 

Basic Red 15 

Basic Red 18 

Basic Red 49 

All other 

Basic violet dyes, total 

Basic Violet 1 

Basic Violet 16 

All other 

Basic blue dyes, total 

Basic Blue 1 

All other 

Basic brown dyes, total 

Basic Brown 1 

Basic Brown 4 

All other basic dyes 

DIRECT DYES 

Total 

Direct yellow dyes, total 

Direct Yellow 4 

Direct Yellow 6 

Direct Yellow 11 

Direct Yellow 28 

Direct Yellow 44 

Direct Yellow 50 

Direct Yellow 105 

Direct Yellow 106 

All other 

Direct orange dyes, total 

Direct Orange 15 

Direct Orange 26 

Direct Orange 39 

Direct Orange 102 

All others 

Direct red dyes, total 

Direct Red 2 



1,000 



15,887 



3,985 



550 

179 

634 

2,622 

1,631 



605 
501 

525 

2,029 



410 
202 
290 
117 
1,010 

3,561 



1,682 

264 

1,615 

3,415 



3,415 
328 



92 
236 



28,588 



10,170 



661 

325 

3,196 

28 

225 

303 

717 

4,715 

1,576 



451 

184 
423 
518 

6,403 



1,000 
pounds 



13,624 



1,000 
dollars 



65,833 



3,360 



489 

102 

510 

2,259 

1,267 



561 
397 
309 

1,924 



245 

73 

1,152 

3,326 



1,582 

216 

1,528 

2,622 



24 
2,598 



82 
250 



26,704 



9,815 



603 

231 

3,336 

25 

210 

229 

632 

4,549 

1,363 



469 
15 
146 
306 
427 

5,804 



12,411 



1,557 

430 

1,258 

9,166 

4,373 



1,938 
1,252 
1,183 

9,728 



1,217 

787 

299 

7,425 

12,296 



3,682 

843 

7,771 

18,620 



175 
18,445 



1,163 



272 
891 



82,047 



27,853 



1,812 
825 

4,266 
218 
744 

781 

1,807 

17,400 

4,700 



71 



1,098 

71 

471 

1,113 

1,947 

18,207 



Per 
pound 



$4.83 



3.18 
4.22 
2.47 
4.06 



3.45 
3.15 
3.84 



3.21 
4.10 
6.45 



2.33 
3.90 
5.09 



7.29 
7.10 



3.32 
3.56 



2.84 



3.00 
3.57 
1.28 
8.72 
3.55 

3.41 
2.86 
3.83 

3.45 



2.34 
4.73 
3.21 
3.64 
4.56 

3.14 



349 



See footnotes at end of table. 



IV -- DYES 
TABLE I.—Dyes: U,S, production and sales, 1979— Continued 



67 



DIRECT DYES — Continued 



Direct red dyes — Continued 
Direct Red 23 



Direct Red 24 

Direct Red 72 

Direct Red 80 

Direct Red 81 

Direct Red 83 

All other 



Direct violet dyes — 



Direct blue dyes, total — 

Direct Blue 1 

Direct Blue 15 

Direct Blue 80 

Direct Blue 86 

Direct Blue 218 

All other 



Direct green dyes- 
Direct brown dyes- 



Direct black dyes, total 

Direct Black 22 

All other 



DISPERSE DYES 



Total- 



Disperse yellow dyes, total- 
Disperse Yellow 3 

Disperse Yellow 23 

Disperse Yellow 33 

Disperse Yellow 42 

Disperse Yellow 54 

All other 



Disperse orange dyes, total- 
Disperse Orange 3 



Disperse Orange 17 

Disperse Orange 25 

Disperse Orange 29 

Disperse Orange 37 

All other 



Disperse red dyes, total — 

Disperse Red 1 

Disperse Red 17 

Disperse Red 60 

Disperse Red 65 

Disperse Red 86 



Disperse Red 135- 
All other-* 



Disperse violet dyes, total- 
Disperse Violet 1 

Disperse Violet 27 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 

144 
207 
586 
442 

2,346 
148 

2,459 

135 
6,527 



152 

423 
1,035 

779 
4,138 

295 
468 

3,014 



1,418 
1,596 



8.696 



3,218 
479 



675 
4,324 



115 

736 

433 

445 

2,956 

10,775 



526 
233 
1,770 
290 
234 

7,722 



QUANTITY 



1,000 
pounds 

119 
196 
330 
417 

2,234 
127 

2,313 

142 
5,830 



103 
287 
403 
973 
830 
3,234 

290 
437 

3,023 



1,541 
1,482 



7,445 



576 

27 

659 

949 

5,234 

3,978 



90 

48 

629 

396 

239 

2,576 

9,671 



413 

164 

1,574 

275 

180 
7,065 



70 

40 
597 



1,000 
dollars 

629 
936 
1,465 
1,836 
4,918 
477 
7,597 

818 

20,007 



665 

708 

1,267 

3,355 

3,352 

10,660 

1,701 

2,079 



2,152 
4,530 



169,356 



24,973 



4,348 

80 

1,856 

3,479 

15,210 

12,315 



334 

104 

1,893 

1.302 

552 

8,130 

47,061 



1,349 
493 

7,074 
908 

690 
36,547 

3,230 



288 

113 

2,829 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 
TABLE 1.— Dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1979— Continued 



PRODUCTION 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



DISPERSE DYES— Continued 

Disperse blue dyes, total 

Disperse Blue 3 

Disperse Blue 64 

Disperse Blue 79 

Disperse Blue 165 

All other 

Disperse green and brown dyes, total 

Disperse green dyes 

Disperse Brown 1 . 

Disperse Brown 2 

All other 

Disperse black dyes 

FIBER-REACTIVE DYES 

Fiber-reactive dyes, total 

Reactive yellow dyes 

All other reactive dyes 

FLUORESCENT BRIGHTENING AGENTS 

Fluorescent brightening agents, total 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 28 

All other fluorescent brightening agents 

FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC COLORS 
Total 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Dyes 

Total 

FD&C Blue No. 1 

FD&C Red No. 3 

FD&C Red No. 4 

FD&C Red No. 40 

FD&C Yellow 5 

FD&C Yellow 6 

All other food, drug, and cosmetic dyes 

Drug and Cosmetic and External Drug 
and Cosmetic Dyes 

Total 

D&C Red No. 7 

D&C Red No. 9 

D&C Red No. 19 

D&C Red No. 30 

D&C Red No. 36 

All other drug and cosmetic and external drug and 

cosmetic dyes 

MORDANT DYES 

Total 

SOLVENT DYES 
Total 

Solvent yellow dyes, total 

Solvent Yellow 14 

All other 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



18,110 



1,250 

2,830 

112 

13,918 



141 
1,193 



270 
2,100 



1,006 
5,389 



33,674 



603 

33,071 



7,293 



6,819 



277 
561 

2,659 

1,923 

1,302 

97 



1,000 
pounds 



14,466 



1,000 
do I lars 



1,203 

131 

2,198 

10,934 

1,315 



1,005 



2,132 



1,007 
4,912 



33,390 



827 
32,563 



6,436 



284 

676 

12 

2,356 

1,722 

1,222 

164 



4,351 

421 

5,487 

60,320 

4,613 



3,384 

77 

1,152 

6,585 



34,787 



5,803 
28,984 



63,209 



1,415 
61,794 



49,201 



43,586 



2,710 
7,079 
101 
17,455 
8,531 
5,556 
2,154 



5,615 



699 

395 
200 

29 
4,292 



Per 
pound 



$4.88 



3.62 
3.21 
2.50 

5.52 

3.51 



3.37 
2.85 
4.07 



5.76 
5.90 



1.71 
1.90 



6.77 



9.54 
10.47 

8.42 
7.41 
4.95 
4.55 
13.13 



7.28 

5.14 

14.91 

6.55 
18.28 



13,256 


9,829 


37,883 


$3.85 


1,546 


1,225 


6,020 


4.91 


350 
1,196 


274 
951 


1,134 
4,886 


4.14 
5.14 



IV -- DYES 
TABLE 1.— Dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1979— Continued 



69 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



SOLVENT DYES — Continued 

Solvent orange dyes 

Solvent blue dyes 

All other solvent dyes 

VAT DYES 

Total 

Vat yellow and red dyes, total 

Vat yellow dyes 

Vat red dyes 

Vat orange dyes, total 

Vat Orange 15, 10% 

All other 

Vat violet dyes 

Vat blue dyes, total 

Vat Blue 6, 8-1/3% 

All other 

Vat green dyes, total- 

Vat Green 3, 10% 

All other 

Vat brown dyes, total 

Vat Brown 3, 11% 

All other 

Vat black dyes 

All other dyes 



1,000 
pounds 

1,041 
3,855 
6,814 



46,630 



2.997 



1,561 



1,561 

466 

32,159 



32,159 
2,581 



1,047 
1,534 



4,305 



4,305 

2,561 

31,496 



1,000 
pounds 

1,041 
1,250 
6,313 



1,000 
dollars 

3,197 

8,840 

19,826 



108,533 



2.473 

1,850 

623 



_10,549_ 
4,176 
6,373 

9,189 



140 
1,213 



497 
29,976 



746 
8,443 



2,586 



602 

29,374 



1,122 
1,260 

3,586 



238 
3,348 



2,376 
29,162 



2,064 
53,842 



5,280 



2,493 
2,787 



17,957 



1,681 
16,276 



7,066 
50,127 



Per 

pound 



3.07 
7.07 
3.14 



5.33 
6.96 



5.20 
1.87. 



3.43 
i.83 



2.22 

2.21 



7.06 
4.86 



2.97 

1.72 



Calculated from unrounded figures. 

2 The data include dyes which are similar to, but not chemically identical with, the indicated Colour Index 
name. 

3 The data include azoic compositions, azoic coupling components, azoic diazo components (bases and salts), sul- 
fur dyes, and miscellaneous dyes. Statistics for those groups of dyes may not be published separately because 
publication would disclose information received in confidence. 

TABLE lft.'— PYes: U.S. production and sales, by class of application, 1979 



CLASS OF APPLICATION 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



Total 

Acid 

Basic (Classical and modified) — 

Direct 

Disperse 

Fiber-reactive 

Fluorescent brightening agents- 
Food, drug, and cosmetic colors- 
Mordant 

Solvent 

Vat 

All other 2 



1,000 
pounds 



265,881 



1,000 
pounds 



241,396 



1,000 
dollars 



797,212 



35,434 
15,887 
28,588 
46,778 

6,395 
33,674 

7,293 

450 

13,256 

46,630 

31,496 



33,093 
13,624 
26,704 
39,714 

5,919 
33,390 

6,861 
457 

9,829 
42,643 
29,162 



134,064 
65,833 
82,047 

169,356 
34,787 
63,209 
49,201 
2,172 
37,883 

108,533 
50,127 



Per 

pound 



$3.30 



4.05 
4.83 
3.07 
4.26 
5.88 
1.89 
7.17 
4.75 
3.85 
2.55 
1.72 



Calculated from unrounded figures. 

The data include azoic compositions, azoic' coupling components, azoic diazo components (bases and salts), sul- 
fur dyes, and miscellaneous dyes. Statistics for those groups of dyes may not be published separately because 
publication would disclose information received in confidence. 



70 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



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IV -- DYES 



73 



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,4 



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IV -- DYES 



75 



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76 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



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IV -- DYES 



77 



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78 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



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IV -- DYES 



79 



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80 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



VI ID 

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81 



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82 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



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IV -- DYES 



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98 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



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100 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 
TABLE 3, --Dyes: Directory of Manufacturers, 1979 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 



[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of dyes to the U.S. International Trade Commission 
for 1979 are listed below in order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



Code : 


Name of company : 


: Code : 


Name of company 


AC 


American Color & Chemical Corp. : 


: LVR 


C . Lever Co . , Inc . 


ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. : 






ALL 


Alliance Chemical Corp. : 






ATL 


Atlantic Chemical Corp. : 


: MAY 


Otto B. May Co. Div. of Cone Mills 
Corp. 






: MRT 


Morton Norwich Products, Inc., Morton 


BAS 


BASF Wyandotte Corp. & Pigments Div. : 




Chemical Co. Div. 


BCC 


Buffalo Color Corp. : 


: MRX 


Max Marx Color & Chemical Co. 


BDO 


Benzenoid Organics, Inc. : 






BUC 


Synalloy Corp., Blackman Uhler Chemical ■ 
Div. : 










: PCW 


Pfister, Inc. 






: PDC 


Berncolors-Poughkeepsie, Inc. 


CCW 


Cincinnati Milacron Chemicals, Inc. : 


: PSC 


Passaic Color & Chemical Co. 


CGY 


Ciba-Geigy Corp. : 






CK 


Crompton & Knowles Corp., Dyes 6. Chemical : 
Div. : 










: S 


Sandoz, Inc., Colors & Chemicals Div. 






: SDC 


Martin-Marietta Corp., Sodyeco Div. 


DGO 


Day-Glo Color Corp. : 


: SDH 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Hilton Davis 


DSC 


Dye Specialties, Inc. ■ 




Chemical Co. Div. 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours 6. Co., Inc. : 


: SNA 


Sun Chemical Corp. 






: STG 


Stange Co. 






: SW 


Sherwin-Williams Co. 


EKT 


Eastman Kodak Co., Tennessee Eastman : 
Co. Div. : 










: IMS 


: Sterling Drug, Inc., Thomasset Colors Div. 


FAB 


Fabricolor Manufacturing Corp. : 


: TNI 


: Gillette Co., Chemical Div. 






: TRC 


: Toms River Chemical Corp. 


HSH 


Harshaw Chemical Co. : 






HST 


American Hoechst Corp. Industrial Chemicals : 








Div. : 


: VPC 


: Mobay Chemical Corp, Dyestuff Div. 


ICI 


ICI Americas, Inc., Chemical : 
Specialties Co. : 










: WJ 


: Warner-Jenkinson Co. 


KON 


: H. Kohnstamm & Co., Inc. : 







Note. — Complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in table 1 of the appendix. 



SUCTION V -- ORGANIC PIGMENTS 101 



STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 
Bonnie Jean Noreen 



Organic pigments are toners and lakes derived in whole or in part from 
benzenoid chemicals and colors . 

Statistics on production and sales of all organic pigments in 1979 are 
given in table 1. For a few important pigments already reported in table 1, 
supplemental data on sales by commercial forms are reported in table 1A. 
Individual toners and lakes are identified in this report by the names used 
in the third edition of the Colour Index . 

Total production of organic pigments in 1979 was 88.2 million pounds — 16.2 
percent more than the 75. 9 2 million pounds produced in 1978. Total sales of 
organic pigments in 1979 amounted to 66.9 million pounds, valued at $377.5 million 
compared with 62 ,3 2 million pounds, valued at $318. 4 2 million, in 1978. In 
terms of quantity, sales of organic pigments in 1979 were 7.4 percent greater 
than in 1978; in terms of value, sales in 1979 were 18.6 percent greater than 
in 1978. 

Production of toners in 1979 amounted to 87.1 million pounds — 16.9 per- 
cent more than the 74.5 million pounds reported in 1978. Sales in 1979 were 
66.1 million pounds, valued at $374.3 million, compared with 61.4 million 
pounds, valued at $315. 4 2 million, in 1978. Sales in 1979 were 7.7 percent 
greater than those of 1978 in terms of quantity, and 18.7 percent greater in 
terms of value. The individual toners listed in the report which were 
produced in the largest quantities in 1979 were Pigment Yellow 12, 13.1 
million pounds; Pigment Blue 15:3, beta form, 8.9 million pounds; Pigment 
Red 49:1, barium toner, 6.3 million pounds; Pigment Red 57:1, calcium toner, 
4.6 million pounds; Pigment Red 53:1, barium toner, 4.3 million pounds; and 
Pigment Yellow 14, 4.1 million pounds. 

Production of lakes totaled 1.1 million pounds in 1979 — 17.3 percent 
less than the 1.4 million pounds reported for 1978. Sales of lakes in 1979 
amounted to 0.8 million pounds, valued at $3.2 million. In terms of quantity, 
sales of lakes in 1979 were 9.7 percent less than in 1978; in terms of value, 
sales in 1979 were 5.7 percent greater than in 1978. 

For each of 13 selected pigments, or groups of pigments, table 1A gives 
data on sales by commercial forms. Pigment Yellow 14, all other diarylide 
yellows (with the exceptions of Pigments Yellow 12 & 14), Pigment Red 3, 
Pigment Red 48:2, calcium, Pigment Blue 15:1 and 15:2, alpha forms, and Pigment 
Green 7 were sold principally in the dry full-strength form. Pigment Yellow 12, 
Pigment Red 53:1, barium, Pigment Red 57:1, calcium, and Pigment Blue 15:3, 
beta form were sold principally in the flushed form. Pigment Blue 15, alpha 
form, was sold principally as aqueous dispersions. Publishable data are not 
available for the principal form in which Pigment Red 49:1, barium was sold. 



1 See also table 2 which lists these products and identifies the manufacturers 
by codes. These codes are listed in table 3. 
2 Revised figures for 1978. 



V -- ORGANIC PIGMENTS 



103 



TABLE 1.— Organic pigments: U.S. production and sales, 1979 

[Listed below are all organic pigments for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders (...) are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published.) Table 
2 lists all organic pigments for which data on production and/or sales were reported and identifies the 
manufacturers of each] 



ORGANIC PIGMENTS 






Yellow toners, total 

Acetoacetarylide yellows: 

Pigment Yellow 1, C.I. 11 680 

Pigment Yellow 3, C.I. 11 710 

Pigment Yellow 73, C.I. 11 738 

Pigment Yellow 74, C.I. 11 741 

Diarylide yellows, total 

Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090 

Pigment Yellow 13, C.I. 21 100 

Pigment Yellow 14, C.I. 21 095 

Pigment Yellow 17, C.I. 21 105 

All other diarylide yellows 

All other 

Orange toners, total 

Pigment Orange 5, C.I. 12 075 

Pigment Orange 13, C.I. 21 110 

Pigment Orange 16, C.I. 21 160 

Pigment Orange 34, C.I. 21 115 

All other 

Red toners, total 

Naphthol reds, total 

Pigment Red 2, C.I. 12 310 

Pigment Red 5, C.I. 12 490 

Pigment Red 17, C.I. 12 390 

Pigment Red 22, C.I. 12 315 

Pigment Red 23, C.I. 12 355 

All other naphthol reds 

Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120 

Pigment Red 4, C.I. 12 085 

Pigment Red 6, C.I. 12 090 

Pigment Red 38, C.I. 21 120 

Pigment Red 48:1, barium toner, C.I. 15 865 

Pigment Red 48:2, calcium toner, C.I. 15 865 — 
Pigment Red 48:4, manganese toner, C.I. 15 865 

Pigment Red 49:1, barium toner, C.I. 15 630 

Pigment Red 49:2, calcium toner, C.I. 15 630 — 
Pigment Red 52:1, calcium toner, C.I. 15 860 — 
Pigment Red 52:2, manganese toner, C.I. 15 860 

Pigment Red 53:1, barium toner, C.I. 15 585 

Pigment Red 57:1, calcium toner, C.I. 15 850 — 

Pigment Red 81, PMA, C.I. 45 160 

Pigment Red 81, PTA, C.I. 45 160 

Pigment Red 122, C.I. 73 915 

All other 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis 3 

"88,248 



"87,116 



"25,140 



390 

187 

863 

1,610 

20,402 

"13,095 

475 

4,082 

1,078 

1,672 

1,688 

2,619 



904 
361 
728 
95 
531 

29,833 



1,308 

67 

45 

90 

92 

332 

682 

1,489 

195 

165 

660 
1,787 

167 
6,325 
1,454 
1,468 

700 
4,299 
4,579 

452 
55 

216 
4,514 



QUANTITY 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis 3 

5 66,885 



5 6 b. ,051 



17,096 



280 
143 
435 

1,297 
13,371 

8,514 
414 

2,857 
742 
844 

1,570 

1,966 



634 
286 
574 
79 
393 

24,208 



1,094 

60 

41 

46 

65 

337 

545 

1,219 

173 

23 

143 

534 

1,547 

80 

5,579 

1,312 

621 

3,217 

3,351 

421 
41 

4,853 



1,000 
dollars 



°377,509 



G 374,305 



80,408 



1,200 

649 

1,792 

7,655 

50,062 

28,474 
1,725 

10,154 
3,269 
6,440 

19,050 

10,782 



2,535 
1,513 
2,534 
519 
3,681 

133,327 



8,547 

371 

382 

352 

549 

2,663 

4,230 

6,319 

665 

105 

1,219 

2,764 

8,612 

420 

16,425 

7,146 

2,492 

12,440 

18,137 

4,356 

606 

43,074 



UNIT 
VALUE 2 



Per 

pound 



$5.64 



4.70 



4.29 
4.53 
4.12 
5.90 
3.74 
3.34 
4.16 
3.55 
4.41 
7.63 
12.13 

5.48 



4.00 
5.28 
4.41 
6.54 
9.37 

5.51 



7.81 
6.16 
9.36 
7.64 
8..'>0 
7.90 
7.76 
5.19 
3.85 
4.56 
8.50 
5.18 
5.57 
5.27 
2.94 

5.45 
4.01 
3.87 
5.41 
10.33 
14.96 



See footnotes at end of table. 



104 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



TABLE 1. —Organic pigments: U.S. production and sales, 1979— Continued 



ORGANIC PIGMENTS 



TONERS— Continued 

Violet toners, total 

Pigment Violet 1, PMA, C.I. 45 170 

Pigment Violet 1, PTA, C.I. 45 170 

Pigment Violet 3, fugitive, C.I. 42 535 

Pigment Violet 3, PMA, C.I. 42 535 

Pigment Violet 3, PTA, C.I. 42 535 

Pigment Violet 19, C.I. 46 500 

Pigment Violet 23, C.I. 51 319 

All other 

Blue toners, total 

Pigment Blue 1, PMA, C.I. 42 595 

Pigment Blue 15, alpha form, C.I. 74 160 

Pigment Blue 15:1, alpha form, C.I. 74 160 — 
Pigment Blue 15:2, alpha form, C.I. 74 160 — 

Pigment Blue 15:3, beta form, C.I. 74 160 

Pigment Blue 15:4, beta form, C.I. 74 160 

All other 

Green toners, total 

Pigment Green 1, PMA, C.I. 42 040 

Pigment Green 2, PTA, C.I. 42 040 and 49 005- 

Pigment Green 7, C.I. 74 260 

Pigment Green 36, C.I. 74 265 

All other 

Brown and black toners, total 

Brown toners 

Black toners 

LAKES 

Total 

Yellow lake 

Red lakes: 

Pigment Red 60:1, C.I. 16 105 

Pigment Red 83, C.I. 58 000 

Violet lake: Pigment Violet 5:1, C.I. 58 055— 

All other lakes 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis 3 

2,905 



324 
45 

199 

386 

21 

1,566 

325 
39 

22,366 



87 
2,079 
1,444 
1,247 

8,868 

798 

7,843 

3,932 



18 
3,246 

354 
308 

321 



110 
211 



1,132 



305 
73 
79 

611 



QUANTITY 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis* 

2,113 



224 
40 

190 

377 

21 

1,046 

179 
36 

5 17,168 



1,135 
1,019 
1,034 
7,667 
657 
5 5,656 

3,121 



2,725 
224 
150 



431 



VALUE 1 



1,000 
do I lavs 



30,002 



1,964 
484 
952 

2,634 

265 

18,483 

4,713 
507 

6 95,045 



5,651 
7,591 
8,203 
42,783 
4,947 
6 25,870 

23,341 



52 

273 

19,579 

2,061 

1,376 

1,400 



3,204 



UNIT 
VALUE 2 



Per 
pound 



$14.20 



8.75 
12.16 
5.01 
6.98 
12.63 
17.67 
26.31 
14.08 

5.54 



7.45 

7.94 
5.58 

7.53 
4.57 

7.48 



10.99 

15.76 

7.18 

9.21 

9.17 

3.70 



,253 • 


4.56 


419 : 


7.62 


438 . 


6.01 


,094 : 


2.54 



The value of sales from toners are reported on a dry full-strength basis and the value of sales for lakes are 
reported on a dry form basis. All sales value data exclude the additional costs of processing or packaging in 
commercial forms other than the dry full-strength or dry form. 

Calculated from unrounded figures, except "All other." 

Quantities for toners are reported as dry full-strength toner content, excluding the weight of any dispersing 
agent, vehicle, or extender. Quantities for lakes are reported as dry lake content, excluding the weight of any 
dispersing agent or vehicle. 

Incorrectly reported in 1978 report — should have been approximately 0.8 million pounds less than reported. 

Incorrectly reported in 1978 report — should have been approximately 2.3 million pounds less than reported. 

Incorrectly reported in 1978 report — should have been approximately $3.5 million less than reported. 

Note. — The C.I. {Colour Index) numbers shown in this report are the identifying number given in the third 
edition of the Colour Index. 

The abbreviation PMA and PTA stand for phosphomolybdic and phosphotungstic (including phosphotungstomolybdic) 
acids, respectively. 



ORGANIC PIGMENTS 



105 



TAPLF 1A. — U.S. sales of selected dry full-strength toners, dry extended toners, dry 

DISPERSIONS, AQUEOUS DISPERSIONS, AND FLUSHED COLORS, 1979 

[Listed below are supplemental sales data, by commercial forms, of selected pigments that have been reported in 
table 1] 



SELECTED PIGMENTS BY COMMERCIAL FORMS 



Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Flushed color " 

Dry extended toner, dry dispersion, and aqueous dispersions 

Pigment Yellow 14, C.I. 21 095, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Aqueous dispersions 

Flushed color 

Dry extended toner and dry dispersions 5 

Pigment Yellow 13, C.I. 21 100; Pigment Yellow 17, C.I. 21 105; 

and diarylide yellows, total 

Dry f ull-s trength toner 

Aqueous dispersions'* 

Dry dispersions and flushed color 5 

Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120, total 

Dry f ull-s trength toner 

Aqueous dispersions 

Dry extended toner and flushed color 5 

Pigment Red 48:2, calcium toner, C.I. 15 865, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Aqueous dispersions 

Dry extended toner, dry dispersions, and flushed color 

Pigment Red 49:1, barium toner, C.I. 15 630, total 

Flushed color 

Dry full-strength toner, dry extended toner, dry dispersions, and 
aqueous dispersions 

Pigment Red 53:1, barium toner, C.I. 15 585, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Flushed color 

Dry dispersion and aqueous dispersions 

Pigment Red 57:1, calcium toner, C.I. 15 850, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Aqueous dispersions'* 

Flushed color 

Pigment Blue 15, alpha form, C.I. 74 160, total 

Aqueous dispersions" 

Dry full-strength toner, dry extended toner, and flushed color 5 — 

Pigment Blue 15:1, alpha form, C.I. 74 160, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Aqueous dispersions'* 

Dry extended toner, dry dispersions, and flushed color 5 

Pigment Blue 15:2, alpha form, C.I. 74 160, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Dry extended toner, aqueous dispersions , and flushed color 

Pigment Blue 15:3, beta form, C.I. 74 160, total 

Aqueous dispersions 

Flushed color 

Dry full-strength toner, dry extended toner, and dry dispersions 5 



QUANTITY ; 


VALUE ; 


UNIT 
VALUE 2 


1,000 : 

pounds : 

dry basis 3 : 


1,000 : 
dollars : 


Per 

pound 


8,514 : 


28,474 : 


$3.34 


3,841 : 
4,066 
607 


12,119 • 

14,474 

1,881 


3.16 
3.56 
3.10 


2,857 


10,154 


3.55 


1,847 

883 

90 

37 


6,371 

3,252 

408 

123 


3.45 
3.68 
4.53 
3.32 


2,000 


11,434 


5.72 


1,278 
461 
261 


7,801 
2,398 
1,235 


6.10 
5.20 
4.73 


1,219 


6,319 


5.19 


754 

69 

396 


3,947 

348 

2,024 


5.23 
5.04 
5.11 


1,547 


8,612 


5.57 


1,349 

67 

131 


7,419 
462 
731 


5.50 
6.90 

5.58 


: 5,579 


16,425 


2.94 


: 293 


819 


2.80 


5,286 


15,606 


: 2.95 


: 3,217 


: 12 , 440 


: 3.87 


: 1,021 
: 2,095 

: 101 


: 3,920 
: 8,131 
: 389 


: 3.84 
: 3.88 
: 3.85 


: 3,351 


: 18,137 


: 5.41 


: 477 
: 105 
: 2,769 


: 2,495 
: 394 
: 15,248 


: 5.23 
: 3.75 
: 5.51 


: 1,135 


: 5,651 


: 4.98 


: 571 
: 564 


: 3,083 
: 2,568 


: 5.40 
: 4.55 


: 1,019 


7,591 


: 7.45 


: 700 
: 92 
: 227 


: 5,546 
: 774 
: 1,271 


: 7.92 
: 8.41 
: 5.60 


: 1,034 


i 8,203 


■ 7.94 


: 792 
: 242 


: 6,130 
2,073 


: 7.74 
: 8.57 


: 7,667 


: 42,783 


: 5.58 


: 2,018 
: 4,006 
: 1,643 


: 10,553 
: - 23,226 
: 9,004 


: 5.23 
: 5.80 

: 5.48 



See footnotes at end of table. 



106 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



TABLE 1A.--U.S. sales of selected dry full-strength toners, dry extended toners, dry 

DISPERSIONS, AQUEOUS DISPERSIONS, AND FLUSHED COLORS, 1979— CONTINUED 



SELECTED PIGMENTS BY COMMERCIAL FORMS 



SALES 1 



UNIT 
VALUE 2 



Pigment Green 7, C.I. 74 260, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Aqueous dispersions 

Flushed color 

Dry extended toner and dry dispersions 5 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis 3 

2,725 



1,384 
856 
368 
117 



1,000 
dollars 



19,579 



10,270 
5,625 
2,682 
1,002 



Per 
pound 



$7.18 



7.42 
6.57 

7.29 
8.56 



1 Sales quantities and values are identical in tables 1 and 1A. 
Calculated from unrounded figures. 

Quantity of the various commercial forms is given in terms of dry full-strength toner content. 
Includes presscake. 

Separate data on these commercial forms may not be published without revealing the operation of individual com- 
panies. 

Note. — The C.I. (Colour Index) numbers shown in this report are the identifying numbers given in the third edition 
of the Colour Index. 

The abbreviations PMA and PTA stand for phosphomolybdic and phosphotungstic (including phosphotungstomolybdic) 
acids respectively. 



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112 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



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V -- ORGANIC PIGMENTS 



113 



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114 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



TABLE 3. —Organic pigments: Directory of manufacturers, 1979 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of organic pigments to the U.S. International Trade 
Commission for 1979 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



Code 


Name of company : 


: Code 


Name of company 


ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. : 


: KCW 


Keystone Color Works, Inc. 


ALE 


Alex Chemical Co. : 


: KON 


H. Kohnstamm & Co., Inc. 


ALG 


Allegheny Chemical Corp. : 






AMS 


Ridgway Color & Chemical : 






APO 


Apollo Colors, Inc. : 


: LVR 


C . Lever Co . , Inc . 


BAS 


BASF Wyandotte Corp., Pigments Div. : 


: MGR 


Magruder Color Co., Inc. 


BNS 


Binney and Smith, Inc. : 


: MRX 


Max Marx Color & Chemical Co. 


BOR 


Borden, Inc., Printing Ink Div., : 
Pigments Div. : 






BUC 


Synalloy Corp., Blackman Uhler : 
Chemical Div. : 


: POP 


Pope Chemical Corp. 






: ROM 


United Merchants & Manufacturers, Inc., 


CGY 


Ciba-Geigy Corp. : 




Roma Chemical Div. 


CIK 


Flint Ink Corp., Cal/Ink Div. : 










: S 


Sandoz, Inc., Colors & Chemicals Div. 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. : 


: SDH 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Hilton Davis Chemical 
Co. Div. 






: SNA 


Sun Chemical Corp. 


GLX 


Galaxie Chemical Corp. : 


: SW 


Sherwin-Williams Co. 


HRC 


Harmon Colors Corp. : 


: TMS 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Thomasset Colors 


HSH 


Harshaw Chemical Co. : 




Div. 


HST 


American Hoechst Corp., Industrial : 
Chemicals Div. : 










UHL 


Paul Uhlich & Co., Inc. 






: USM 


USM Corp., Bostik Div., Southern Region 


ICC 


Inmont Corp. : 






IDC 


Industrial Color, Inc. : 


: VPC 


Mobay Chemical Corp., Dyestuff Div. 



Note. — Complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in table 1 of the appendix. The 
above codes identify those of the 35 reporting companies and company divisions for which permission to publish was 
not restricted. 



SECTION VI -- MEDICINAL CHEMICALS lis 



STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 
Tedford C. Briggs 

Medicinal chemicals include the medicinal and feed grades of all organic 
chemicals having therapeutic value, whether obtained by chemical synthesis, 
by fermentation, by extraction from naturally occurring plant or animal sub- 
stances, or by refining a technical grade product. They include antibiotics 
and other anti- infective agents, antihistamines, autonomic drugs, cardio- 
vascular agents, central nervous system depressants and stimulants, hormones 
and synthetic substitutes, vitamins, and other therapeutic agents for human 
or veterinary use and for animal feed supplements . 

The table shows statistics for production and sales of medicinal chemicals 
grouped by pharmacological class. The statistics shown are for bulk chemicals 
only. Finished pharmaceutical preparations and products put up in pills, capsules, 
tablets, or other measured doses are excluded. 1 The difference between produc- 
tion and sales reflects inventory changes, processing losses, and captive con- 
sumption of medicinal chemicals processed into ethical and proprietary 
pharmaceutical products by the primary manufacturer. In some instances, the 
difference may also include quantities of medicinal grade products used as 
intermediates, for example, penicillin G salts used as intermediates in the 
manufacture of semi-synthetic penicillins . All quantities are given in terms 
of 100-percent content of the pure bulk drug. 

Total U.S. production of bulk medicinal chemicals in 1979 amounted to 313.1 
million pounds, or 16.4 percent more than the 269.1 million pounds produced in 
1978 and 30.1 percent more than the 240.7 million pounds produced in 1977. Total 
sales of bulk medicinal chemicals in 1979 amounted to 225.7 million pounds, 
valued at $1,043 million, compared with sales in 1978 of 185.1 million pounds, 
valued at $944.1 million, and sales in 1977 of 162.4 million pounds, valued at 
$794.0 million. In terms of quantity, sales in 1979 were 21.9 percent more than 
in 1978 and 39.0 percent more than in 1977. In terms of value, sales in 1979 
were 10.5 percent more than in 1978 and 31.4 percent more than in 1977. 

Production of the larger groups of medicinal chemicals in 1979 was as 
follows: Antibiotics, 25.2 million pounds (1.8 percent less than in 1978), 
of which 14.5 million pounds was for medicinal use and 10.7 million pounds was 



1 Complementary statistics on the dollar value of manufacturers' shipments 
of finished pharmaceutical preparations, except biologicals, are published 
annually by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, in Current 
Industrial Reports, Series MA-28G. Many pharmaceutical manufacturers who re- 
port to the Bureau of the Census are excluded from the U.S. International 
Trade Commission report because they are not primary producers of medicinal 
chemicals, that is, they do not themselves produce the bulk drugs which go in- 
to their pharmaceutical products but purchase their drug requirements from 
domestic or foreign producers. 



116 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



for other uses; anti-infective agents other than antibiotics, 35.3 million 
pounds (23.5 percent more than in 1978); central nervous system depressants 
and stimulants, 60.2 million pounds (8.7 percent more ); and vitamins, 41.5 
million pounds (9.7 percent more). 

Production of some of the more important individual products listed in 
the table was as follows: Methionine and its salts, 70.7 million pounds 
(28.5 percent more than in 1978); choline chloride, 57.5 million pounds (13.4 
percent more); aspirin, 31.9 million pounds (1.0 percent less); acetaminophen, 
18.2 million pounds (40.9 percent more); penicillins (except semi-synthetic), 
8.4 million pounds (8.8 percent more); vitamin E, 7.2 million pounds (23.0 
percent more); and tetracyclines, 6.1 million pounds (3.7 percent more). 



because of a respondant error in reporting acetaminophen, the 1978 total for 
central nervous system depressants and stimulants was in error. The corrected 
total for 1978 is 55,412,000 pounds. The corrected production of acetaminophen 
in 1978 is 12,900,000 pounds. 



VI -- MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 
TABLE 1,— Medicinal chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1979 



117 



[Listed below are all synthetic organic medicinal chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales 
may be published. (Leaders (...) are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be 
published or where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists all medicinal chemicals for which data on production 
and/or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



Grand total 

Acyclic 1 

Benzenoid 3 

Cyclic nonbenzenoid * 

Antibiotics , total 5 

Cephalosporins 

Penicillins, semisynthetic, total 

Amoxicillin 

Ampicillin 

All other (semisynthetic) G 

Penicillins (except semisynthetic) , total 

Penicillin G, potassium, for medicinal use 

All other, for all uses 7 

Tetracyclines, for all uses 

Other antibiotics, total 

For medicinal use 8 

For nonmedicinal uses 

Antihistamines , total 

Antinauseants 

All other 9 

Anti- infective agents (except antibiotics) , total 

Anthelmintics, total 

Piperazine 1 ° 

Piperazine dihydrochloride 

All other 

Antiprotozoan agents, total 

Arsenic and bismuth compounds 

All other 1 1 

Sulfonamides , total 

Sulfamethazine 

All other 1 2 

Urinary antiseptics 

Other anti-infective agents 

Autonomic drugs, total 

Sympathomimetic (adrenergic) agents, total 

Phenylpropanolamine hydrochloride 

All other 

Other autonomic drugs 

Central depressants and stimulants, total 

Analgesics, antipyretics, and nonhormonal anti- 
inflammatory agents, total 

Acetaminophen 13 

Aspirin 

All other 1 " 

Anticonvulsants, hypnotics, and sedatives 

Antidepressants 

Antitussives 

Skeletal muscle relaxants 

Tranquilizers 

Other central depressants and stimulants 15 



1,000 
pounds 



313,090 



134,540 

132,313 

46,237 

25,248 



742 

2,126 

457 

998 

671 

8,402 

2,541 

5,861 

6,129 

7,849 

4,330 

3,519 

445 



81 
364 



35,338 



12,039 

4,942 

975 

6,122 

13,319 
7,281 
6,038 
5,951 
1,358 
4,593 
379 
3,650 

1,069 



1,030 

607 

423 

39 

60,221 



53,299 

18,174 

31,911 

3,214 

1,299 

229 

169 

276 

419 

4,530 



QUANTITY 



1,000 
pounds 



225,655 



122,865 
78,260 
24,530 

10,720 



483 

352 

131 

2,978 

2,978 
4,493 
2,766 
1,333 
1,433 

170 



170 
10,478 



3,857 

961 
2,896 
2,945 

2,945 
721 

721 

2,955 

911 



893 
488 
405 



45,579 



45,579 
351 



209 
109 



4,179 



1,000 
do I laps 



1,043,145 



119,266 
585,047 
338,832 

29 3,586 



33,286 

20,484 
12,802 
36,982 

36,982 
97,749 
125,569 
96,659 
28,910 

7,173 



7,173 
58,026 



6,270 

1,425 

4,845 

27,689 

27,689 
8,179 

8,179 

15,888 

17,471 



15,156 
4,426 

10,730 
2,315 

162,619 



),735 



39,735 
4,101 



42,540 
1,674 



24,569 



UNIT 
VALUE 2 



Per 

pound 



$4.62 



7.48 
13.81 



58.19 
97.73 
12.42 

12.42 
21.76 
45.40 
72.51 
20.17 

42.19 



42.19 
5.54 



1.48 
1.67 
9.40 

9.40 
11.34 

11.34 

5.38 

19.18 



16.97 

9.07 

26.49 

128.61 

3.22 



1.97 

11.68 



203.54 
15.36 



See footnotes at end of table. 



118 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



TABLE 1. —Medicinal chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1979— Continued 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 2 



Dermatological agents 

Expectorants and mucolytic agents 

Gastrointestinal agents and therapeutic nutrients, 

total 

Choline chloride, all grades 

Methionine and its salts 

All other 

Hematological agents, total 

Sodium heparin 

All other ' 6 

Hormones and synthetic substitutes, total 

Anabolic agents and androgens 

Synthetic hypoglycemic agents 

All other 1 7 

Local anesthetics, total 

Lidocaine 

All other 1 8 

Renal-acting and edema-reducing agents 

Vitamins , total 

Vitamin E 

All other vitamins 19 

Miscellaneous medicinal chemicals, total— 

Smooth muscle relaxants 20 

All other 2 [ 



1,000 
pounds 



4,259 
1,667 



57,518 

70,689 

2,384 



25 
946 
235 



40 
114 



1,333 
41,473 



7,183 
34,290 

10,058 

230 

9,828 



1,000 



4,176 
1,238 



119,727 



48,030 

70,092 

1,605 



25,811 



4,524 
21,287 



1,749 



1,749 



1,000 
dollars 



3,960 
5,468 



107,031 



22,932 

80,008 

4,091 

3,600 



3,600 
107,892 



1,608 



220,554 



67,113 
153,441 



54,157 
54,157 



Per 

pound 



$0.95 
4.42 



.48 
1.14 
2.55 



14.83 
7.21 



30.96 



The data on production and sales are for bulk medicinal chemicals only. 

Calculated from rounded figures. 

Benzenoid, as used in this report, describes any cyclic medicinal chemical whose molecule contains either a 
6-membered carbocyclic ring with conjugated double bonds or a 6-membered heterocyclic ring with 1 or 2 hetero 
atoms and conjugated double bonds, except the pyrimidine ring. 
''Includes antibiotics of unknown structure. 

Production of all antibiotics for medicinal use amounted to 14,566,000 pounds, and sales amounted to 
3,089,000 pounds, valued at $156,251,000. Production of all antibiotics for animal feed and other nonmedicinal 
uses amounted to 10,682,000 pounds, and sales amounted to 7,631,000 pounds, valued at $137,335,000. 

Includes sales quantity and value of amoxicillin. 

Includes sales quantity and value of penicillin G, potassium. 

Includes production and sales of antifungal and antltuberculer antibiotics; and sales quantity and value of 
cephalosporins. 

Includes sales quantity and value of antinauseants. 

Includes piperazine which may have been used for purposes other than as an anthelmintic. 

Includes sales quantity and value of arsenic and bismuth compounds. 
12 Includes sales quantity and value of sulfamethazine. 

Because of a respondant reporting error, 1978 production of acetaminophen was in error. Corrected production 
for 1978 is 12,900,000 pounds. 

Includes sales quantity and value of acetaminophen and aspirin. 

Includes sales quantity and value of antidepressants and tranquilizers. Also includes production and sales of 
amphetamines, general anesthetics, and respiratory and cerebral stimulants. 

Includes sales quantity and value of sodium heparin. 

Includes sales quantity and value of synthetic hypoglycemic agents, and anabolic agents and androgens. 
1 Includes sales quantity and value of lidocaine. 
19 Includes production and sales of vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin D, and vitamin K. 

Includes theophylline derivatives. 

Includes production and sales of antineoplastic agents, cardiovascular agents, diagnostic agents, and un- 
classified medicinal chemicals. Also includes sales quantity and value of renal-acting and edema-reducing agents 
and smooth muscle relaxants. 



VI -- MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



119 



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120 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



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VI -- MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



121 



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VI -- MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 139 

TABLE 3.— Medicinals chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1979 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of medicinal chemicals to the U.S. International Trade 
Commission for 1979 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



Code : 


Name of company : 


: Code : 


Name of company 


ABB : 


Abbott Laboratories : 


: MAL 


Mallinckrodt, Inc. 


ACY : 


American Cyanamid Co. : 


: MDJ : 


Mead Johnson & Co. 


ADC : 


Anderson Development Co. : 


: MON : 


Monsanto Co. 


ARA : 


Arapahoe Chemicals, Inc., Sub/Syntex : 
U.S.A., Inc. : 


: MRK . 


Merck & Co. , Inc. 


ARN : 


Arenol Chemical Corp. : 


: NEP : 


Nepera Chemical Co., Inc. 


ARP : 


Armour Pharmaceutical Co. : 


: NES 


Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co. 


ARS : 


Arsynco, Inc. : 


: NOR 


Morton-Norwich Products, Inc., Norwich 


AST : 


Astra Pharmaceutical Products, Inc. : 




Eaton Pharmaceutical Div. 


BAS : 


BASF Wyandotte Corp. : 


: OMS 


E.R. Squibb & Sons, Inc. 


BAX : 


Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc. : 


: OPC 


Orbis Products Corp. 


BEE : 


Beecham, Inc. , Beecham Laboratories Div. : 


: ORG 


Organics, Inc. 


BJL : 


Burdick & Jackson Laboratories, Inc. : 


: ORT 


Roehr Chemicals, Inc., Div. of Aceto 


BKC 


J.T. Baker Chemical Co. : 




Industrial Chemical Corp. 


BKL . 


Millmaster Onyx Group, Millmaster Chemical : 








Co. Div. : 


: PD 


Warner-Lambert Co. 


BOC 


Biocraft Laboratories, Inc. : 


: PEN 


CPC International, Inc., Penick Corp. 


BRS ■ 


Bristol-Myers Co. : 


: PFN 


Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc. 


BUR 


Burroughs-Wellcome Co. : 


: PFZ 


Pfizer, Inc. 






: PHR 


Pharmachem Corp. 


CGY 


Ciba-Geigy Corp. and Ciba Pharmaceutical Co. : 






CHT 


Chattem Corp. • 


: RDA 


Rhone-Poulenc , Inc . 


CPR 


Certified Processing Corp. '• 


: RIK 


Riker Laboratories, Inc., Sub. of 3M Co. 






: RIL 


Reilly Tar & Chemical Corp. 


DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. '• 


: RLS 


Rachelle Laboratories, Inc. 


DAT 


Daitom, Inc. '• 


: RSA 


R.S.A. Corp. 


DGC 


Degussa Corp. : 






DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. : 


: SAL 


Salsbury Laboratories 


DUP 


E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. : 


: SCH 


Schering Corp., U.S. Pharmaceutical Products 
Div. 


EK 


Eastman Kodak Co.: : 


: SCP 


Henkel Corp. 


EKT 


Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. > 




Sterling Drug Corp.: 


EN 


Endo Laboratories, Inc. : 


: SDH 


Hilton Davis Chemical Co. Div. 






: SDW 


Sterling Organics Div. 


FLM 


Fleming Laboratories, Inc. : 


: SFS 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Specialty Div. 






: SHC 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 


GAF 


GAF Corp. : 


: SK 


SmithKline Corp., SmithKline Chemicals 


GAN 


Gane's Chemicals, Inc. : 




Div. 


GNF 


General Foods Corp., Maxwell House Coffee : 


: SKG 


Sunkist Growers, Inc. 




Div. : 


: SOL 


Southland Corp., Chemical Div. 






: SPR 


Scientific Protein Laboratories, Inc. 


HET 


Heterochemical Corp. : 


: SRL 


G.D. Searle & Co., Searle Chemicals Inc. 


HEX 


Hexagon Laboratories, Inc. : 


: STA 


A.E. Staley Manufacturing Co. 


HFT 


Syntex Agribusiness, Inc. '• 






HN 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc. ■ 


'• TMH 


Thompson-Hayward Chemical Co. 


HOF 


Hoffmann-LaRoche, Inc. : 


: TNA 


Ethyl Corp. 


HXL 


Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Specialty Chemicals : 


: TRD 


Squibb Manufacturing, Inc., Manufacturing 


HYN 


Hynson, Westcott & Dunning, Inc. : 




Enterprises, Inc., Trade Enterprises, Inc., 
Ersana, Inc. 


ICI 


ICI Americas, Inc., Pharmaceutical Div. : 






IMC 


International Minerals & Chemical Corp. 


: UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 






: UPJ 


Upjohn Co. 


JCC 


Jefferson Chemical Co. , Inc. : 










: VTM 


: Vitamins, Inc. 


KPT 


Koppers Co., Inc., Organic Materials Group : 










: WAG 


: West Agro-Chemical, Inc. 


LEM 


Napp Chemicals, Inc. '• 


: WHL 


: Whitmoyer Laboratories, Inc. 


LIL 


Eli Lilly & Co., U.S. and Puerto Rico : 


: WIL 


: American Can Co., Inolex Pharmaceutical Div. 


LKL 


: Richardson-Merrell, Inc., Merrell-National : 


: WTL 


Pennwalt Corp., Lucidol Div. 




: Laboratories Div. ' 


: WYT 


: Wyeth Laboratories, Inc., Wyeth Laboratories 


LLI 


• Lee Laboratories, Inc. '• 




: Div. of American Home Products Corp. 



Note. — Complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in table 1 of the appendix. 



SECTION VII -- FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 141 



STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 
Eric Land 



Flavor and perfume materials are organic chemicals used to impart flavors 
and aromas to foods, beverages, cosmetics, and soaps. These aroma chemicals 
are also utilized to neutralize or mask unpleasant odors in industrial pro- 
cesses and products as well as in consumer products. 

Total domestic production of flavor and perfume materials in 1979 amounted 
to 194.5 million pounds. Sales of these materials in 1979 amounted to 135.1 
million pounds, valued at $236.5 million, compared with 140.2 million pounds, 
valued at $211.8 million, in 1978. These totals do not include benzyl alcohol, 
which, before 1973, was included in flavor and perfume materials but is now 
shown in the miscellaneous cyclic section of this series. U.S. production of 
flavor and perfume materials in 1979 increased 2.7 percent from the level in 
1978; while the quantity of sales decreased by 3.6 percent. 

Production of cyclic flavor and perfume materials in 1979 amounted to 109.0 
million pounds; sales amounted to 76.8 million pounds, valued at $153.0 million. 
Individual publishable chemicals in the cyclic group produced in the greatest 
volume in 1979 were anethole, a-terpineol, and benzyl acetate. 

U.S. output of acyclic flavor and perfume materials in 1979 amounted to 
85.5 million pounds; sales of these materials amounted to 58.4 million pounds, 
valued at $83.4 million. Monosodium glutamate was by far the most important 
of the acyclic chemicals in 1979, although the data are not publishable. 
Other important acyclic compounds included linalyl alcohol, citronellol, and 
linalyl acetate. 



VII -- FLAVOR AND PERFUHE MATERIALS 
TABLE 1,— Flavor and perfume materials: U.S. production and sales, 1979 



W? 



[Listed below are all synthetic organic flavor and perfume materials for which any reported data on production 
or sales may be published. (Leaders (...) are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and 
may not be published or where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists separately all flavor and perfume mat- 
erials for which data on production and/or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 



QUANTITY 



Grand total 

CYCLIC 

Total 

Benzenoid and Naphthalenoid 

Total 

4-Allyl-2-methoxyphenol (Eugenol) 

4-Allyl-2-methoxyphenol acetate 

Benzophenone 2 

Benzyl acetate 

Benzyl benzoate 

Benzyl propionate 

Cinnamyl acetate " 

Isobutyl phenylacetate 

Isopentyl salicylate 

2-Methoxy-4-propenylphenol (Isoeugenol) 

p-Methylanisole 

d-Methylbenzyl acetate — 

Methyl phenylacetate 

Phenethyl isobutyrate ■ 

2-Phgnethyl phenylacetate 

Phenethyl propionate 

3-Phenyl-l-propane (Hydrocinnamic alcohol) 

p-Propenylanisole (Anethole) 

All other benzenoid and naphthalenoid materials 

Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and Alicyclic 

Total 

g-Caryophyllene 

Cedryl acetate 

Dihydronordicyclopentadienyl acetate 

Dihydroterpinyl acetate 

Guaiacwood acetate 

Ionone (a- and 8-) 

Isobornyl propionate 

Methyl acetate 

a-Terpineol 

a-Terpinyl acetate 

Vetivenyl acetate —- — r — 

All other terpenoid, heterocyclic, and alicyclic 
materials - 

ACYCLIC 

Allyl heptanoate 

Citronellyl acetate 

Citronellyl formate 



1,000 
pounds 



194,539 



109,027 



18,222 



215 
479 

167 



114 

18 

3,550 

897 

47 

12,735 



85,512 



1,000 
pounds 



135,114 



76,756 



65,264 



11,492 



46 
368 

135 

75 

36 

102 

6 

6 

2,954 

1,031 



6,733 



58,358 



1,000 
dollars 



236,482 



111,028 



441 




412 


1,785 


4 




5 


30 


1,644 


1 


047 


1,832 


2,252 


2 


084 


2,240 


777 




599 


710 


18 




25 


44 


20 




13 


74 


29 




27 


64 


907 




757 


1,017 


94 




90 


559 


30 




22 


49 


135 








34 




26 


83 


9 




7 


33 


21 




9 


43 


46 








46 




45 


204 


4,545 


2 


769 


7,086 


79,753 


57 


,327 


95,175 



42,019 



87 

1,607 

403 

135 

154 

644 

16 

45 

1,588 

975 



See footnotes at end of table. 



144 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 

TABLE 1,— Flavor and perfume materials: U.S. production and sales, 1979— Continued 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



ACYCLIC — Continued 

Citronellyl isobutyrate 

3,7-Dimethyl-trans-2,6-octadien-l-ol (Geraniol) 

3,7-Dimethyl-cis-2,6-octadien-l-ol acetate (Neryl 

acetate) 

3,7-Dimethyl-l,6-octadien-3-ol (Linalool; Linalyl 

alcohol) 

3,7-Dimethyl-l, 6-octadlen-3-ol acetate (Linalyl 

acetate) 

3, 7-Dimethyl-6-octen-l-ol (Citronellol) 

Ethyl heptanoate 

Ethyl hexanoate (Ethyl caproate) 

Ethyl isovalerate 

Ethyl propionate 

Geranyl acetate 

2-Hexenal 

7-Hydroxy-3, 7-dimethyl-l-octanol (Hydroxycitronellal) 

Isopentyl butyrate 

Isopentyl isovalerate 

Lauraldehyde 

1, 3-Nonanediol acetate 

N-Octyl acetate 

Rhodinol • 

All other acyclic materials 



1,000 
pounds 



1,054 
2,645 



775 

101 

27 

217 



1,000 
pounds 



2,604 

34 

2,733 

1,161 
1,746 



183 
175 
2 
726 
116 



48,805 



1,000 
dollars 

36 
6,874 

133 

5,268 

3,288 

5,062 

24 

49 

255 

676 

42 

5,078 

174 



7 

448 

55,834 



Per 
pound 



$7.00 
2.64 



1.93 

2.83 
2.90 
3.33 
3.39 

1.39 
3.85 
19.91 
6.99 
1.50 



3.54 

4.75 

86.68 

1.14 



1 Calculated from the unrounded figures. 

2 Includes significant quantities having other end uses. 



VIII - FLAVOR AW PERFW1E MATERIALS 



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SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



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VII -- FLAVOR AMD PERFUME MATERIALS 



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VII - FLAVOR AMD PERFUME MATERIALS 



149 



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150 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



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VII -- FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 



151 



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152 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



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FLAVOR 



PERFUME MATERIALS 



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154 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



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VII -- FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 



155 



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328-942 - 80 - 11 



156 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEHCALS, 1979 



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VII -- FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 



157 



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158 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 

TABLE 3.— Flavor and perfume materials: Directory of manufacturers, 1979 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of flavor and perfume materials to the U.S. Inter- 
national Trade Commission for 1979 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



Code 


Name of Company : 


: Code 


Name of Company 


ABB 


Abbott Laboratories : 


: NCI 


Union Camp Corp . , Terpene and 


AMB 


American Bio-Synthetics Corp. '■ 




Aromatics Div. 


ARS 


Arsynco, Inc. " 


: NEO 


Norda, Inc. 


ARZ 


Arizona Chemical Co. : 


: NW 


Northwestern Chemical Co. 


BDS 


Biddle Sawyer • 


: OPC 


Orbis Products Corp. 


BJL 


Burdick & Jackson Laboratories, Inc. • 










: PD 


Warner-Lambert Co. 


CI 


Chem-Fleur, Inc. : 


: PEN 


CPC International, Inc., Penick Div. 


CIN 


Stockhausen, Inc. • 


: PFW 


Hercules, Inc., PFW Div. 


CWN 


Upjohn Co., Fine Chemical Div. 


: PFZ 


Pfizer, Inc. 


ELN 


Elan Chemical Co. 










: RDA 


Rhone-Poulenc, Inc. 


FB 


Fritzsche Dodge & Olcott, Inc. 


: RSA 


R.S.A. Corp. 


FEL 


Felton International, Inc. : 


: RT 


Ritter International 


FLO 


Florasynth, Inc. : 






FMT 


Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc. • 










: SCM 


SCM Corp., Organic Chemicals Div. 






: SFF 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Food Ingredients 


GIV 


Givaudan Corp. ■ 




Div. 






: SKG 


Sunkist Growers, Inc. 


HN 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc. : 


: SW 


Sherwin-Williams Co. 


HOF 


Hof fmann-LaRoche, Inc. " 






HPC 


Hercules, Inc. • 


: UNG 


Ungerer & Co. 






: UOP 


UOP, Inc., Chemical Div. 


IFF 


International Flavors & Fragrances, Inc. : 










: VEL 


Velsicol Chemical Corp. 


MON 


Monsanto Co. : 


: VIK 


Viking Chemical Co. 



Note. — Complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in table 1 of the appendix. The 
above codes identify those of the 40 reporting companies and company divisions for which permission to publish was 
not restricted. 



SECTION VIII -- PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 159 

STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 
Edward J. Taylor 

Plastics and resin materials are high molecular weight polymers which, 
at some stage in their manufacture, exist in such physical condition that 
they can be shaped or otherwise processed by the application of heat and 
pressure. The terms "plastics," "resin," and "polymers," can be (and often 
are) used interchangeably by the trade. Depending on the chemical composi- 
tion, manufacturing process or intended use, the commercial products may 
contain plasticizers, fillers, extenders, stabilizers, coloring agents, or 
other additives. There are about 40 to 50 basic plastics and resins which 
are available commercially. These basic materials are available in literally 
thousands of individual compounds each with its distinct properties depending 
on the molecular weight of the resin and the types and amounts of the 
additives present. Plastics materials may be molded, cast, or extruded into 
semi-finished or finished solid forms. Resin materials may be in the form 
of solutions, pastes, or emulsions for applications such as protective 
coatings, adhesives, or paper and textile treatment. 

Statistics on U.S. production and sales of synthetic plastics and resin 
materials for 1979 are given in table 1. U.S. production of plastics and 
resin materials in 1979 totaled 41,871 million pounds, or 8.0 percent more 
than the 38,878 million pounds produced in 1978. Sales in 1979 totaled 
36,834 million pounds, valued at $15,380 million, compared with 33,527 million 
pounds, valued at $12,439 million, in 1978 

Thermosetting materials are those which harden with a change in com- 
position in the final treatment so that in their final state as finished 
articles they are substantially infusible and insoluble, that is, they 
cannot again be softened by heat or solvents. U.S. production of thermo- 
setting materials totaled 7,902 million pounds in 1979, compared with 7,906 
million pounds in 1978. Production of the most important products in 1979 
included phenolic resins (1,779 million pounds) amino (or urea and melamine) 
resins (1,599 million pounds), polyester resins, unsaturated (1,182 million 
pounds) and alkyd resins (755 million pounds). 

Thermoplastic materials are those which in their final state as finished 
articles can be repeatedly softened by heat and hardened by a decrease in 
temperature. U.S. production of thermoplastics materials totaled 33,969 
million pounds in 1979 (or 81.1 percent of the total output for 1979), 
compared with 30,972 million pounds in 1978. Production of the most important 
products in 1979 included polyethylene (12,408 million pounds), vinyl resins 
(7,624 million pounds), and styrene type materials (6,327 million pounds). 



VIII -- PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 161 

TABLE 1. —Plastics and resin materials: U.S. production and sales, 1979 

[Quantities and values are given in terms of the total weight of the materials (dry basis) . Listed below are 
all plastics and resin materials, urethane type elastomers, and certain precursors for which any reported 
data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders (...) are used where the reported data are accepted 
in confidence and may not be published or where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists all products for 
which data on production and/or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 



Grand total- 



Plastics and resin materials, benzenoid * 

Plastics and resin materials, nonbenzenoid ~ 

THERMOSETTING RESINS 

Total 

Alkyd resins, total 

Phthalic anhydride type 

Polybasic acid type 

Styrenated-alkyds or copolymer, alkyds 

Vinyl toluene alkyds 

Other copolymer alkyds 

Dicyandiamide resins 

Epoxy resins : 5 6 

Unmodified 

Advanced 

Furfuryl type resins 

Melamine-formaldehyde resins (an amino resin) 

Phenolic and other tar acid resins 

Polyester resins, unsaturated 

Polyether and polyester polyols for urethanes 8 -- 

Polyurethane elastomer and plastics products, total 

Elastomers 9 

Plastics 

Silicone resins 

Urea-formaldehyde resins (an amino resin) - 

Other thermosetting resins 10 

THERMOPLASTIC RESINS 

Total 

Acrylic resins, total 

Polymethyl methacrylate 

Thermosetting acrylics 

Other acrylics 

Cellulose plastics 1 : 

Engineering plastics 

Petroleum hydrocarbon resins 

Polyamide resins, total 

Nylon type 11 13 

Non-nylon type 

Polyester resins, saturated, total 11 ll * 

Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) 

Polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) and other poly- 
esters, saturated 



PRODUCTION : 


SALES 


QUANTITY : 


VALUE : 


UNIT 
VALUE 1 


1,000 : 

pounds : 

dry basis : 


1,000 : 

pounds : 

dry basis 2 : 


1,000 : 
dollars : 


Per 
pound 


: 41,871,181 


36,833,756 


15,379,799 


$0.42 


: 12,867,081 
: 29,004,100 


11,089,619 
25,744,137 


6,038,224 
9,341,575 


.54 
.36 


: 7,901,898 


6,215,123 


2,899,793 


.47 


: 754,896 


407,663 


237,357 


.58 


: 607,448 

: 76,567 

50,694 

: 20,187 


344,717 

25,499 

16,163 

19,694 

1,590 


199,016 

15,620 

10,497 

10,680 

1,544 


.58 
.61 
.65 
.54 
.97 


: 2,089 


2,004 


2,038 


1.02 


: 349,502 
: (130,207) 
: 31,247 
: 221,152 
: 1,778,581 
: 1,181,744 
: 1,830,913 


285,248 

(77,280) 
30,193 

178,936 
1,441,113 

979,087 
1,348,531 


257,522 
(89,474) 
14,684 
111,589 
621,745 
496,947 
586,463 


.90 
1.16 
.49 
.62 
.43 
.51 
.43 


: 284,976 


231,962 


266,252 


1.15 


: 113,894 
: 171,082 


93,244 
138,718 


141,905 
124,347 


1.52 
.90 


: 19,583 
: 1,377,694 
: 69,521 


10,502 

1,238,785 

61,099 


36,987 

205,864 

62,345 


3.52 

.17 

1.02 


: 33,969,283 


30,618,633 


. 12,480,006 


: .41 


: 1,141,666 








: 483,455 
: 58,498 
: 599,713 


: 375,149 
: 6,451 


: 310,185 
: 5,335 


: .83 
: .83 


: 480,280 
: 616,927 
: 321,108 


: 332,946 

493,244 

: 301,340 


: 358,622 
: 623,641 
: 89,293 


: 1.08 
: 1.26 
: .30 


: 324,326 


: 284,002 


: 351,075 


: 1.24 


: 289,003 
: 35,323 


: 249,765 
34,237 


: 310,955 
: 40,120 


: 1.24 
: 1.17 


: 590,084 


: 423,329 


: 333,234 


: .79 


: 381,058 


: 341,584 


: 250,553 


: .73 


209,026 


•! 81,745 


i 82,681 


: 1.01 



See footnotes at end of table. 



162 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 

TABLE 1.— Plastics and resin materials: U.S. production and sales, 1979— Continued 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



THERMOPLASTIC RESINS— Continued 

Polyethylene resins, total 

Specific gravity 0. 940 and below 

Specific gravity over 0.940 

Polypropylene resins 

Polyterpene resins 

Rosin modifications, total 

Rosin esters, unmodified (ester gums) 

Rosin esters and others, modified 

Styrene plastics materials, total 

Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene terpolymer (ABS) 

resins 

Straight polystyrene 

Rubber modified polystyrene 

Styrene-butadiene latexes 

All other styrene latexes 

All other styrene plastics materials 

Vinyl resins, total 

Polyvinyl acetate 

Polyvinyl alcohol 

Polyvinyl chloride and copolymers ~ 

Polyvinylidene chloride latex resins 

Vinyl acetate-acrylate copolymers 

Other vinyl and vinylidene resins 

All other thermoplastics resins 19 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis 2 

12,408,362 



1 ,000 

pounds 

dry basis 2 



1,000 
dollars 



3,843,801 



Per 

pound 



7,482,088 
4,926,274 



3,823,908 
29,869 



93,650 



7,031,702 
4,555,599 



3,494,305 
29,660 



85,149 



2,412,797 
1,431,004 



1,005,911 
14,510 



34,791 



18,569 
75,081 



6,326,934 



23,708 
61,441 



5,981,024 



9,170 
25,621 



1,251,474 
2,342,719 
1,504,127 

562,786 
47,662 

618,166 

7,624,523 



1,223,051 
2,164,969 
1,499,990 

534,345 
48,621 

510,048 

6,558,159 



644,596 
870,573 
580,506 
236,190 
21,010 
318,939 

2,223,132 



904,183 

166,648 

6,211,419 

21,847 

98,335 

222,091 

187,646 



847,363 

151,678 

5 328,414 

21,261 

209,443 

666,574 



267,357 

108,229 

1,647,248 

17,399 

182,899 

614,662 



1 Calculated from unrounded figures. 

Dry weight basis unless otherwise specified. Dry weight basis is the total weight of the materials including 
resin and coloring agents, extenders, fillers, plasticizers, and other additives, but excluding water and other 
liquid diluents unless they are an integral part of the materials. 

3 Includes benzenoid plastics and resin materials as defined in part 1 of schedule 4 of the Tariff Schedules of 
the United States; also includes urethane type elastomers which are not defined in part 1 of schedule 4 of the 
TSUS. 

Includes data for other copolymers alkyds (production only) . 

Includes reactive diluents which are an integral part of the resin. Excludes the weight of hardeners sold in 
association with the resin as part of a two-component system, 

6 Data shown for advanced epoxy resins are that part of the unmodified epoxy resins which is further processed; 
therefore, the totals in parentheses are not included in the grand total 

Polyester resins are unsaturated alkyd resins, later to be copolymerized with a monomer (such as styrene or 
methyl methacrylate) , and polyallyl resins (such as diallyl phthalate and diglycol carbonate) . Data are on an 
"as sold" basis, including monomer if part of the resin system. 

In addition to the polyols, the other principal starting materials used in the production of urethane products 
are the isocyanic acid derivatives, mainly the 80/20 mixture of toluene-2,4- and 2,6-diisocyanate. Statistics 
for the isocyanic acid derivatives are reported in the "Cyclic Intermediates" section of the Synthetic Organic 
Chemicals report. 

The data on urethane elastomers are believed to be not fully representative of the total urethane market in 
view of the very large number of urethane elastomer producers. 

Includes acetone-formaldehyde resins, glyoxal-formaldehyde resins, polybutadiene resins and certain other 
thermosetting resins. 

Does not include production or sales for fiber use. 

Engineering plastics: Includes acetal, polycarbonate, polyimide and amide-imide polymers, polysulfone, and 
polyphenylene oxide, and polyphenylene sulfide. Engineering plastics are defined in Whittington's Dictionary 
of Plastics , as "Those [plastics] which have mechanical, chemical and thermal properties suitable for use in 
construction, machine components and chemical processing equipment." The above list of plastics (all of which 
are thermoplastic) was selected from a larger group in this source. The other plastics named in Whittington's 
Dictionary as engineering plastics, ABS resins and nylon resins, are not included in the above list as they are 
published separately. 



VIII - PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 163 



Footnotes --Continued 

13 Statistics for nylon 6 and nylon 6/6 which are used In plastic applications (e.g., molding, etc.) are in- 
cluded here. 

'"Statistics are included here for polyethylene terephthalate used in plastics applications (e.g., molding, 
etc.). Statistics also are included here for production only when the starting materials are converted dir- 
ectly to a finished product (i.e., "in-situ" production), polyester film and tape are examples of such a con- 
version. 

15 Includes data for styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer (SAN) resins, a-methyl styrene polymers, methyl meth- 
acrylate-butadiene-styrene (MBS) resins, and all other styrene copolymers. 

16 Data are on the basis of dry resin content, excluding the weight of plasticizers, extenders, fillers, col- 
oring agents, stabilizers, or impact modifiers, unless otherwise noted. 

1? Data for polyvinyl acetate produced and sold in latex form includes the weight of any protective colloids 
which are used as emulsions stabilizers and form an integral part of the resin system. Production and sales do 
not include polyvinyl acetate used as a reactive intermediate for polyvinyl alcohol or other vinyl resins. 

1 Production and sales do not include polyvinyl alcohol used as a reactive intermediate for polyvinyl butyral 
or other vinyl resins. 

19 Includes acrylic resins (sales only), chlorinated polyolefins, coumarone-indene resins, fluorocarbon resins, 
polybutylene type resins, polyphenyl aromatic ester resins, and other thermoplastics materials. 

Note. — Data reported to the U.S. International Trade Commission do not necessarily coincide with that reported 
to the Society of the Plastics Industry (SPI) because of differences in both the reporting instruction and in the 
coverage of certain resins. 



164 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



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VIII -- PLASTICS AW RESIN MATERIALS 



165 



U O - 

CO H 



a - - 

0, Z > 

o. o to 

v> > 



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0, (J P. 

to > 



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o u 

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WW" 



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bl - 0. 



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166 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



H 


V) u> 


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w l> u +> 



VIII -- PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 



167 



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3 


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168 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



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M H 

cs a 

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p. 


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Q 


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VIII -- PLASTICS ANT) RESIN MATERIALS 169 

TABLE 3, —Plastics and resin materials: Directory of manufacturers, 1979 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of plastics and resin materials to the U.S. Inter- 
national Trade Commission for 1979 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



Code 


Name of company : 


: Code 


Name of company 


ABS 


Abex Corp., Friction Products Group '• 


: DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. 




ACR 


CPC International, Inc., Acme Resin Corp. : 


: DAN 


Dan River, Inc., Chemical Products Dept. 




ACS 


Allied Chemical Corp., Chemicals Co. Div. : 


: DCC 


Dow Corning Corp. 




ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. : 


: DEG 


Degan Oil & Chemical Co. 




ADC 


Anderson Development Co. : 


: DGO 


Day-Glo Color Corp. 




AEP 


A & E Plastik Pak Co., Inc., A & E Plastics : 


: DNS 


Dennis Chemical Co. 




AFP 


Allied Chemical Corp., Fibers & Plastics '• 


: DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. 






Co. : 


: DPP 


Dixie Pine Chemicals, Inc. 




AIP 


Air Products & Chemicals, Inc. '• 


: DSO 


DeSoto, Inc. 




ALF 


Allied Chemical Corp., Fibers Div. '• 


: DUP 


E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. 




AMO 


Standard Oil Co. (Indiana) : 








AMR 


Pacific Resins & Chemical, Inc. : 


: ECC 


Eastern Color & Chemical Co. 




APH 


Alpha Chemical Corp. '• 


: EFH 


E.F. Houghton & Co. 




APT 


Whittaker Corp., Whittaker Coatings & : 




Eastman Kodak Co.: 






Chemicals, Mol Rez Resins : 


: EKT 


Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 




APX 


Apex Chemical Co., Inc. '• 


: EKX 


Texas Eastman Co. Div. 




ARK 


Armstrong Cork Co. : 


: EMR 


Emery Industries, Inc. 




ARZ 


Arizona Chemical Co. : 


: ENJ 


Exxon Chemical Co. U.S.A. 




ASH 


Ashland Oil, Inc. : 


: EPI 


Eagle Pitcher Industries, Inc., 




ATR 


Atlantic Richfield Co., Arco Chemical : 




Ohio Rubber Co. Div. 






Co. : 


: EW 


Westinghouse Electric Corp., Insulating 




AZS 


AZS Corp. : : 
AZ Products Co. Div. : 




Materials Div. 






AZS Chemical Co. Div. : 


: FAR 
: FCD 


Syncon, Inc. 

Synres Chemical Corp. 




BAL 


Dutch Boy, Inc., Coatings Group : 


: FIR 


Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., Firestone 




BAS 


BASF Wyandotte Corp. : 




Plastics Co. Div. 




BCM 


Belding Chemical Industries : 


: FLH 


H.B. Fuller Co., Polymer Div. 




BEN 


Bennett's • 


: FLN 


Franklin Chemical Industries 




BFG 


B.F. Goodrich Co., B.F. Goodrich Chemical = 


: FMP 


FMC Corp., Industrial Chemical Div. 






Group : 


: FOC 


Handschy Industries, Inc., Farac Oil & 




BLS 


Life Savers, Inc. '• 




Chemical Co. Div. 




BME 


Bendix Corp. : 


: FOM 


Formica Corp., Sub. of American Cyanamid 


Co 


BOR 


Borden Co., Borden Chemical Co. Div. : 


: FRE 


Freeman Chemical Corp. 




BRU 


M.A. Bruder & Sons, Inc. : 


: FRF 


Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., Firestone 




BSC 


Brand-S Corp., Cascade Resins, Inc., : 




Synthetic Fibers Co. 






Div. : 


: FRP 


FRP Company 




CBD 


Chembond Corp. '• 


: GAF 


GAF Corp. 




CBM 


Carborundum Co. : 


: GE 


General Electric Co.: 




CBN 


Cities Service Co., Petrochemicals Div. : 


: GEI 


Laminated & Insulating Materials 




CBY 


Crosby Chemicals, Inc. : 




Business Dept. 




CEL 


Celanese Corp. : : 


: GLC 


General Latex & Chemical Corp. 






Celanese Plastics Materials Co. : 


: GNT 


General Tire & Rubber Co . , Chemical 






Celanese Polymer Specialties Co. : 




Div. 




CGL 


Cargill, Inc. : 


: GOC 


Gulf Oil Corp., Gulf Oil Chemicals 




CGY 


Ciba-Geigy Corp., Resins Dept. : 




Co. -U.S. 




CHC 


Carpenter Chemical Co. : 


: GOR 


Carl Gordon Industries, Inc. 




CHP 


C.H. Patrick & Co., Inc. : 


: GP 


Georgia-Pacific Corp. : 




CLK 


Clark Oil & Refining Corp. : 




Plaquemine Div. 




CMP 


Commercial Products Co., Inc. : 




Resins Operations 




CNI 


Frye Copysystems, Conap Div. : 


: GRA 


Great American Chemical Corp. 




CNT 


Certainteed Corp. : 


: GRD 


W.R. Grace & Co., Polymers & Chemicals 




CO 


Conoco, Inc. " 




Div. 




COO 


The Terrell Corp. : 


: GRG 


P.D. George Co. 




CPV 


Cook Paint & Varnish Co. : 


: GRV 


Guardsman Chemicals, Inc. 




CPX 


Chemplex Co. ■ 


: GYR 


Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 




CRC 


Crest Container, Sub. of the Continental : 










Group, Inc. : 


: HAN 


Hanna Chemical Coating Corp. 




CSD 


Cosden Oil & Chemical Co. : 


: HER 


Heresite-Saekaphen, Inc. 




CTR 


Custom Resins Div. of Bemis Co., Inc. : 


: HKD 


Hooker Chemicals Corp., Hooker Chemicals 




CWN 


Upjohn Co., Fine Chemical Div. : 




& Plastics Corp., Durez Div. 




CYR 


CY/RO Industries, Inc. : 


: HN 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc. 





170 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 

TABLE 3,— Plastics and resin materials: Directory of manufacturers, 1979— Continued 



Code 


Name of company : 


: Code 


Name of company 


HNC 


H & N Chemical Co. : 


: PDI 


Phelps Dodge Industries, Inc., Phelps 


HPC 


Hercules, Inc. : 




Dodge Magnet Wire Co. Div. 


HST 


American Hoechst Corp. : 


: PER 


Perry & Derrick Co., Inc. 


HVG 


Haveg Industries, Inc. , Sub. of Hercules, : 


: PKP 


Plaskon Products, Inc. 




Inc. : 


: PLC 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 


HXL 


Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Specialty Chemicals : 


: PLN 


Disogrin Industries Corp. 






: PLR 


Polysar, Inc., Resins Div. 


ICF 


Inmont Corp. : 


: PLS 


Plastics Engineering Co. 


ICI 


ICI Americas, Inc. : ; 


: PMC 


Plastics Manufacturing Co. 




Plastics Div. : 


: PNT 


Pantasote, Inc., Film/Compound Div. 




Chemical Specialties Co. : 


: PPG 


PPG Industries, Inc. 


IMC 


International Minerals & Chemicals Corp. : ; 


: PPL 


Pioneer Plastics Div. of LOF Plastics, Inc. 




Foundry Products : 


: PRC 


Products Research & Chemical Corp. 




McWorter Resins : 


: PRT 


Pratt & Lambert, Inc. 


INL 


Inland Steel Co., Inland Steel Container : 


: PSL 


Plaslok Corp. 




Co. Div. : 


: PST 


Perstorp, Inc. 


INP 


Synair Corp. : 


: PVI 


Polyvinyl Chemical Industries 


IOC 


Ionac Chemical Co. Div. of Sybron Corp. : 


: PYZ 


Polyrez Co. , Inc. 


IPC 


Interplastic Corp. : 






IRI 


Ironsides Co. : 










: QCP 


Quaker Chemical Corp. 


JCC 


Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc. : 


: QUN 


K.J. Quinn & Co., Inc. 


JNS 


S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. : 






JOB 


Jones-Blair Co. : 






JSC 


Jersey State Chemical Co. : 


: RAB 


Raybestos Friction Materials Co. 


JWC 


J.W. Carroll & Sons Div. of U.S. Industries, : 


: RCC 


Rexene Co. 




Inc. : 


: RCD 


Rdchardson Co. , Polymeric Systems Div. 






: RCI 


Reichhold Chemicals Inc. 


KMC 


Komac Paint, Inc. : 


: RCO 


Rico Chemical Corp. 


BMP 


Kelly-Moore Paint Co. : 


: RED 


Red Spot Paint and Varnish Co., Inc. 


KPP 


ARCO/Polymers, Inc. : 


: REL 


Reliance Universal, Inc., Louisville Resins 


KPT 


Koppers Co., Inc., Organic Materials Group ; 




Operations 


KYS 


Keysor Corp. : 


: RGC 


Rogers Corp. 






: RH 


Rohm & Haas Co. 


MCA 


Masonite Corp. , Alpine Div. : 


: RPC 


Millmaster Onyx Group, Refined Onyx Co. 


MCB 


Borg-Warner Corp., Borg-Warner Chemicals : 




Div. 


MCC 


McCloskey Varnish Co. : 


: RSN 


Rilsan Corp. 


MCC 


McCloskey Varnish Co. of the Northwest : 


: RUB 


Hooker Chemicals Corp., Hooker Chemicals & 


MCC 


McCloskey Varnish Co. of the West : 




Plastics Corp., Ruco Div. 


MFG 


Rockwell International Corp. : 






MID 


Dexter Corp., Midland Div. : 


: S 


Sandoz, Inc., Colors & Chemicals Div. 


MMM 


Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co. : 


: SAC 


Southeastern Adhesives Co. 


MNP 


The Valspar Corp. : 


: SAR 


Sartomer Industries, Inc. 


MOB 


Mobay Chemical Co. : 


: SCM 


SCM Corp., Coatings & Resins Div. 


MON 


Monsanto Corp. : 


: SCN 


Schenectady Chemicals, Inc. 


MRB 


Marblette Co. : 


: SCO 


Scholler Bros., Inc. 


MRT 


Morton Norwich Products, Inc., Morton : 


: SCP 


Henkel Corp. 




Chemical Co. Div. : 


: SDH 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Hilton Davis 
Chemical Co. Div. 


NCI 


Union Camp Corp., Chemical Products Div. : 


: SFP 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Plastics Div. 


NCP 


Niles Chemical Paint Co., Kordell Industries : 


: SHC 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 




Div. : 


: SHT 


Shintech, Inc. 


NEV 


Neville Chemical Co. : 


: SIC 


Vistron Corp., Silmar Div. 


NPV 


Norris Paint & Varnish Co. : 


: SIM 


Simpson Timber Co., Chemicals Div. 


NSC 


National Starch & Chemical Corp. : 


: SKT 


Textron Inc., Spencer Kellogg Div. 


NTC 


National Casein Co. : 


: SLC 


Soluol Chemical Co., Inc. 


NTL 


NL Industries, Inc. : 


: SLT 


Soltex Polymer Corp. 


NVT 


USS Novamont, Inc. : 


: SM 


Mobil Oil Corp. : 


NWP 


Northern Petrochemical Co. : 




Mobil Chemical Co.: 

Chemical Coatings Div. 


OBC 


O'Brien Corp. : 


: SNW 


Sun Chemical Corp., Chemicals Div. 


OCF 


Owens-Corning Fiberglas Corp. : 


: SOR 


M. W. Manufacturers, Southern Resin Div. 


OMC 


Olin Corp. : 


: SPC 


Insilco Corp., Sinclair Paint Co. Div. 






: SPD 


General Electric Co., Silicone Products 
Dept. 


PAS 


Pennwalt Corp. : 


: SPL 


Spaulding Fibre Co., Inc. 


PC 


Proctor Chemical Co. : 


: STC 


American Hoechst Corp., Sou-Tex Works 



VIII -- PLASTICS AMD RESIN MATERIALS 
TABLE 3.— Plastics and resin materials: Directory of manufacturers, 1979— Continued 



171 



Code 


Name of company : 


: Code 


Name of company 


STT 
SW 

TKL 
TNA 
TNO 
TX 

UCC 
UNO 
UOC 
UPJ 
USI 

USM 


Standard T Chemical, Inc. : 
Sherwin-Williams Co. : 

Thiokol Corp. : 
Ethyl Corp., Polymer Div. : 
Trancoa Chemical Corp. : 
Texaco, Inc. : 

Union Carbide Corp. : 
United-Erie, Inc. : 
Union Oil Co. of California : 
Upjohn Co. : 
National Distillers & Chemical Corp.: : 

U.S. Industrial Chemicals Co.: : 

National Petro Chemical Corp. : 

USM Corp.: : 

Bostik Div., Southern Region : 

Bostik U.S. Division 


: uso 

: USR 
: USS 

: VAL 

: VEL 
: VPC 
: VSV 

: WCA 
: WLN 
: WRD 
: WTC 

: ZGL 


U.S. Oil Co. 

Uniroyal, Inc., Uniroyal Chemical Div. 

USS Chemicals Div. of U.S. Steel Corp. 

Valchem Div. of United Merchants & 

Manufacturers, Inc. 
Velsicol Chemical Corp. 
Mobay Chemical Corp., Dyestuff Div. 
Valentine Sugars, Inc., Valite Div. 

West Coast Adhesives Co. 
Wilmington Chemical Corp. 
Weyerhaeuser Co. 
Witco Chemical Corp. 

Carolina Processing Corp. 



Note. — Complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in table 1 of the appendix. The 
above codes identify those of the 244 reporting companies and company divisions for which permission to publish was 
not restricted. 



SECTION IX -- RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS 173 



STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 
J. Lawrence Johnson 



Rubber-processing chemicals are organic compounds that are added to natural 
and synthetic rubber to give them qualities necessary for their conversion into 
finished rubber goods. In this report, statistics are given for cyclic and 
acyclic compounds by use — such as accelerators, antioxidants, blowing agents, 
and peptizers. Data on production and sales of rubber-processing chemicals in 
1979 are given in table 1. 

Production of rubber-processing chemicals as a group in 1979 amounted to 
395 million pounds, or 7.9 percent more than the 366 million pounds in 1978. 
Sales of rubber-processing chemicals in 1979 amounted to 280 million pounds, 
valued at $345 million, compared with 228 million pounds, valued at $287 
million, in 1978. 

The production of cyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1979 amounted to 339 
million pounds, or 4.2 percent more than the 325 million pounds in 1978. Sales 
in 1979 were 234 million pounds, valued at $316 million, compared with 201 
million pounds, valued at $258 million, in 1978. Of the total production of 
cyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1979, accelerators, activators, and 
vulcanizing agents accounted for 35.3 percent and antioxidants, antiozonants, 
and stabilizers for 55.9 percent. Production of antioxidants, antiozonants, 
and stabilizers, which amounted to 189 million pounds in 1979, included 118 
million pounds of amino compounds and 71 million pounds of phenolic and 
phosphite compounds. Sales of amino antioxidants, antiozonants, and 
stabilizers in 1979 amounted to 95 million pounds, valued at $126 million; 
sales of phenolic and phosphite antioxidant, antiozonants, and stabilizers, 
were 46 million pounds, valued at $57 million. 

Production of acyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1979 amounted to 56 
million pounds, or 37.5 percent more than the 41 million pounds reported for 
1978. Sales in 1979 totaled 46 million pounds, valued at $29 million, com- 
pared with 28 million pounds, valued at $29 million, in 1978. Dithiocarbamic 
acid derivatives accounted for 15.1 percent of sales (based on quantity) of 
acyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1979. 



1 See also table 2 which lists these producers and identifies the manufacturers 
by codes. These codes are given in table 3. 



IX -- RUBBER- PROCESSING CHEMICALS 



175 



TABLE L— Rubber-processing chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1979 

[Listed below are all rubber-procesing chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. (Leaders (...) are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published 
or where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists separately all rubber-processing chemicals for which data on 
production and/or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS 



Grand total 

CYCLIC 

Total 

Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents, 

total 

Aldehyde-amine reaction products 

Thiazole derivatives, total 

N-Cyclohexyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

2,2' -Dithiobis (benzo thiazole) 

2-Mercaptobenzo thiazole 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, zinc salt 

All other thiazole derivatives 

All other accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing 
agents 

Antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers, total 

Amino compounds, total 

Aldehyde- and acetone-amine reaction products 

Substituted p-phenylenediamines 

Octyldiphenylamine 

All other amino compounds 3 

Phenolic and phosphite compounds, total 

Phenolic compounds, total 

Polyphenolics (including bisphenols) 

Phenol, alkylated 

Phenol, styrenated 

Other 

Phosphite compounds 

Retarder : N-Nitrosodiphenylamine 

All other cyclic rubber-processing chemicals 

ACYCLIC 

Total 

Dithiocarbamic acid derivatives, total 5 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Dime thy ldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

All other dithiocarbamic acid derivatives 

Thiurams, xanthates and sulfides — 

All other acyclic rubber-processing chemicals 6 



PRODUCTION 



1,000 
pounds 



394.737 



338,654 



119,518 



937 

107,927 

5,342 

16,564 

2,061 
83,960 

10,654 

189,355 



118,342 

6,425 

63,192 

8,500 

40,225 

71,013 

22,195 

13,461 

7,133 

851 

750 

48,818 

632 
29,149 



56,083 



1,723 
3,765 
5,366 

3,453 
41,776 



QUANTITY 



1,000 
pounds 



279.699 



233,994 



666 
62,287 

9,483 

6,314 

2,074 

44,416 

10,107 

141,843 



95,413 

4,301 

46,889 

7,961 

36,262 

46,430 

16,567 

11,604 

3,482 

769 

712 

29,863 

475 
18,616 



45,705 



6,893 



673 
2,317 
3,903 



38,812 



1,000 
dollars 



345,220 



102,220 



6,753 
74,385 

10,581 
4,455 
2,277 

57,072 

21,082 
183,045 



125,751 

4,895 
77,183 

8,902 
34,771 
57,294 
36,255 
29,230 

4,915 
526 

1,584 
21,039 

609 
30,411 



28,935 



11,134 



607 
2,674 
7,853 



17,801 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



pound 
$1.23 



10 


14 


1 


19 


1 


12 




71 


1 


10 


1 


28 



1.32 
1.14 
1.65 
1.12 

.96 
1.23 
2.19 
2.52 
1.41 

.68 
2.22 

.70 

1.28 
1.95 



.90 
1.15 
2.01 



.46 



'Calculated from unrounded figures. 

2 Includes guanidines and other uses not separately shown. 

'includes aldehyde- and acetone-amine reactions products. 

""Includes blowing agents, peptizers, and other uses not separately shown. 

5 Data on dithiocarbamates included in this table are for materials used chiefly in the processing of natural 
and synthetic rubber. Data on dithiocarbamates which are used chiefly as fungicides are included in the report 
on "Pesticides and Related Products." 

6 Includes "other" thiurams, xanthates, and sulfides (sales only), conditioning and lubricating agents, poly- 
merication regulators, shortstops, and other uses not separately shown. 



176 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



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IX -- RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS 



177 



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178 



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: w p. x h 



X o in 

IP. -H 10 
H X O 

: o o p. h 

I H C 1-1 

! H 01 H O 

. 01 X 5s Z 

I E P. H W 

9> 18 X 



C C 
H 01 

X -a 



3 TJ C C C 

X I 01 01 01 

I «- H H H 

- 5s 5s 5» 

01 «- X X Xr- 

U w +> +> +> r 

I I 01 01 01 I 



P. X C H H 



O O X PiOOrtZ 



- - 3 5s 

3- H «- X rH 

- X - 

d- H »- P. 



IX -- RUBBER- PROCESSING CHEMICALS 



179 



Z i-l 

O « 

H rt 

Eh H 



H H 

H W 

Z H 

W 1-1 



« Z 

W H 

« a 

= « 

Eh O 

O O 

rt U 

ft < 

3 w 



"* o 



19 ni> 

ft 10 W 
B) 3 Z 



EH >i 0, « 1-q 
H O 3 M X 
ft, <* o o X 



H Pi Pi « * Eh ft W h Z Pi Z * H 
ft 10 10 in U H 3 a: U O (0 o U ft 

Z 3 3 3 < ft Q ft H £ 3 E rt ili 



« a. o 
to in z 

3 3 > 



0. ft O O O O O 

3 3 Ij SZZri 

Q O a; > > > < 



ft w 

« 

" 3 
M EH 

" z 

s2 



w s 



CO H 

< z 

H < 



a x 
z o 



! H -Z 3 



H O 
H X 
Z ft 



CO Z W ^H 
CrSHN « 



Z U 

<: m 

Q .J 

H o 

x z 

O H 

M S3 

H ft 



►J pi CQ o 

M W < ffl 

EQ X H 4> 

< H en in 

HO CJ 



a h 
o z 



^•a ^ an 



ft ft p, z »J <i 



■H d a) -P 

e w -a o 

M >, N H 

•P X 18 H 

ai c £i « 



1 1 
1 1 
1 1 
1 1 
1 1 

H 


1 1 
1 1 
1 1 

1 1 

111 


1 


1 s 


C 


CD H 


1 CI 


■P H 



n h ■ 
u ai i 
z H 



i a 

i •■ 



I a X HI I -H P •*■ o 



i <u C ai o 



is at o to 
•• +> jt <n p 
in c w h c 

Eh 01 M 3 0) 

Z ft -H m tn 
w o A a) nf 

u »i e 

1 O < «B» 
W O 3 fi « 

O -P I H-HU 
Z H - O 3 N 
H C ft EH O H 



~ U I 
Ul 01 

•H "O I 

O 4H I 



U 
O 
O 01 

ft 13 
ft -H 
I fl 
Pi H 
« 3 
m w 



* 01 C I 

13 01 J 
N rl H I 

•3 E »,~ 
ft-rl X H 

JJH-C 5. 

•H ru oi ft 
■o x E o 

1 -P H M 
3- X p, ft 

> ft c o 

N " « U 



a w 

■P H 
01 IS 



X rl C H -H 
O 01 X +> "O I >, w 



«< o o i +> -a ft 

M rH r-t 01 

o c E w w 

H >i 01 I O 01 



•H P. I I I -H I -rl 3 

OXJ ft* Z Q Z Z Pi 



•rl 


H 




H X 


X 


3 


1 


rf 


ft 


-P 


w 


H 


O 


H 


•H 


•H 


O 


» 


>> 


ft 
1 


■O 


•H 


u 






r-l 


■P 


p; 


i 




». 


m 


u 


+> 




r-l 


C 


z 


H 




^ 


m 


Eh 


III 


•> 


X 


h 


O 


+> 



1-4 •• 
3 m - 

> u >a • 

M -h • 

O tX o 

z > « 

rt H 

Pi o 

W U 'H • 

Pi O 6 

o a 

H O X . 



ra g .... 3 h a 

E M 3 mh -H H w 

3 H ^ C 3 

■HOE i 0IH I) 

■3 C -O to H H C 

O -H Rl -h 01 01 -H 

W N O « W +> N 



O O 

H -H ■ 
E E 



U U H 

•< H X 

E +* 

» X H 

in pi "O 

Pi Pi r-l 

o < >, 

EH U +> 

rt O 3 

Pi H X 

M X H 

►J H Q 



O O 

•H -H 

X JS 

+> +" 

•H -rl 

■3 "O 



I X H H M 



o >, o o o 

H J3 H -H H 






-P +> X oi X JS X 
3 3 -P -H +■ +J +> 

■a ja oi .c oi oi oi 



180 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



H tn 

H m 

X H 

U 1-4 



3 OS 

H O 

O O 

rt O 

b. rt 

3 ~ 



Pi p 

O 55 

V H 

O H 



s: h 

£ ft 



U O 

kI i-l 

cu o. 



u o o o u o ft pj oi « k tn « o o 
SSZS5X b. i-3 3 XXW W rt W b. X 
>>>> <n rt Q IS O U> 3ft 3 « > 



0.0.0, 0,0,(1, ununnu 

3 3 3 333 Hi rt J rt rt |J 

Q Q Q Q Q Q 0,0,0,0,0,0, 



0) H 






B -p a 

ID h e W 

rt 3 



ft TJ 01 -H 

a o h -o 

( 1 o 

H W W 



+> H 
H O 
(0 ». 






a < « 
z > 
<■ h o 



•H 'H H I H « 



e e e <u 6 
rt rt rt id rt 'O 

J3B Jl-rf J3 rl 



m < o o o o o 



■H -H >, 'H 'H 



•p +> 



■p +> -P-a 



o o o r-l 

o -h h ». 

■H X JS O 

J3 +> +> ai 

+> h w -a 

h >■ >. n 

». X, X -P 

J5 +> -P O 

•p at a> o 

• EE-H 



M W 'H 

u a -a 

3 H 

•H b, 



2 h e e s e s 

[i] ffi 'H 'H -rt -rt 'H 
j c-, Q Q Q Q Q 



•P H E -O T) ' 



•P rt », 

HI -P 

I W 3 

H W ja 

>. El I 

■C rt C 

■P X I 

0) H -H 

S X a 



I I « 

m « 

>o I o 

h ai H 

4H -P rt 

h rt pj 
3 J3 u 
w +> >-) 

■H C bl 

■a « o 
X o 
o rt 
si H 
+> ». o 

C ft H 

a o h; 

X M U 
H ft X 

>, o o 
ft in rt 

O H 

who; 



I W I 

+> 

I r-| | 
It 

I n I 



a) i rt i 

C 01 

HI H +> IS I 

C E SZ 

a a e h i 

XH «s< 
+> &..Q rt 1 

01 -P H U 



I « 



W g 3 

hHA va 

x >, i a 

u x a) a 3 

13 01 "3 C 1-5 

rt .e ». -H 

o x e a 

o h ai « x 

X O -3 -H rt 

H &.H -O 

H Vl< (119 



w O 

0) J3 O H • 

X ft -P rt 

H rt ij 

E H MH 3 

- ,* 3 M 

W H W Pi 



. +> 0) C ft 01 



M H <« S >. N 



rt -H -P H Z 

O 6 3 >.0 

rf rt CO JS h 

SI I +> E-l 

> ft C U H 



6 H 
H I 3 rt 

»• -H W 



ai x 

H« I ■ 



rt C -P C -P ft 



IX -- RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS 



181 



S 3 

2 H 



I en I 








u 








1 C) ~ 1 








o rn 








1 O 1 








U 








1 S5 .J 1 








O 10 








1 M < 1 








H EH 








1 < 1 








o as 








1 H H 1 








(H 








1 H EH 1 








H W 








1 * H 1 








Id h4 








1 Q 1 








H O 








1 EH 1 








I in a i 








« z 








1 U H 1 








PS Q 








I 3 Pi 1 








H O 








1 O O 1 








* U 








1 u. rt 1 








3 w 




Pi 




1 S5 1 




in 




rt 




3 




1 E 












« H 


u 






* O 


a 






(9 Pi 


> 






« O 0. 


Pi E 






in J s 


in o 






3 < Q 


3 VI 






1 1 1 


H 1 1 








OJ 






1 1 1 


> 1 1 








o 






1 1 1 


H 1 1 








a, h 






1 1 1 


e i cj 








H X 






1 1 ■■ 1 


1 +> 






■p in 


5n O 






H 1 ri 1 


•p ] 






13 < 


M H 






m +> o I 


(11 1 rH 






H H 


o. rt 




P 


E re E i 


O 1 


1 VI 


W 


3 in u 


M 


r5 


p 


•rl X 1 


d 1 O 


1 < 


!S 


in e o 


■H 


o 


H 


in 3 1 


H 1 H 


1 H 




a -rt a 


rt u 


E 


^ 


+• -a z i 


O 1 5s 


1 w 


1 O 


H 


•H O 


E 


o 


Pi n VI 1 


w i rt 


1 U 




in ui 


9, 






. - u +• 


X ~ - 


1 (9 


1 o 


•a -a o o 


o. >. in 


X 




•H H O 3 


w H 


1 H 




o o Pi "a 


- re re 


in 




rt re n. o 


M -H O 


i in 


1 pH 


1 M 


O rH H 


u 


o 


u o os 0, +> H E 


1 V 


1 < 


•H H Id 


rt x ui 


o 


6 e m o 


> 3 X 


1 OS 




a a ph.-h 


•H O 


b 




jq J3 3 C +> 






H NKH 


d bt bi 


Pi 




id a sh 


tec 


1 U 




O O tj 4H 


~ -rl -H 


n 




o o h re 


in n 


i n 




■H -H ►! M 


in in 


3 




x x o re 


CI 01 CI 


1 « 




-P -P >H P, 


■POO 






■rl rl U 


rt o o 






.. *a 'a rt x 


U H H 






en H H C 


3 P. Pi 






cl, >* s>* pi n 


rt I 






o X X w 


h -a m 






H -P +> X W 


C 1) 






m <ii o> H <u 


O Hi X 






h e e o x 


C X 








•H 3 






O O Q iJ 3 


N PS 






PC ^ 








en «* 





182 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 

TABLE 3.— Rubber-Processing chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1979 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of rubber-processing chemicals to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1979 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



Name of company 



Name of company 



ACY 
ALC 



American Cyanamid Co. 
Alco Chemical Corp. 



B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich Chemical 
Group 



E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. 



FMC Corp., Agricultural Chemical Div. 



Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 



Hexcel, Inc., Hexcel Specialty Chemicals 



ICI Americas Inc. , Chemical 
Specialties Co. 



Kenrich Petrochemicals, Inc. 



MCB 
MON 



NEV 
NPI 



PAS 
PIT 
PLC 



RBC 
RCD 
RCI 



UPM 
USR 



Bofors Lakeway, Inc. 



Borg-Warner Corp., Borg-Warner Chemicals 
Monsanto Co. 



Neville Chemical Co. 

Stepan Chemical Co., Polychem Dept. 



Pennwalt Corp. 
Pitt-Consol Chemical Co. 
Phillips Petroleum Co. 



Fike Chemicals, Inc. 

Richardson Co. 

Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 



SCM Corp., Organic Chemicals Div. 



UOP, Inc. 

Uniroyal, Inc., Uniroyal Chemical Div. 



Vanderbilt Chemical Corp. 



Note. — Complete names and addresses of the above reporting 
above codes identify those of the 29 reporting companies and 
not restricted. 



companies are listed in table 1 of the appendix. The 
company divisions for which permission to publish was 



SECTION. X -- ELASTOMERS 183 



STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 



J. Lawrence Johnson 

Elastomers (synthetic rubber) are high polymeric materials with properties 
similar to those of natural rubber. The term "elastomers" as used in this 
report, means a substance, whether in bale, crumb, powder, latex, and other 
crude form, which can be vulcanized or similarly processed into a material that 
can be stretched to at least twice its original length and, after having been so 
stretched and the stress removed, will return with force to approximately 
its original length. U.S. production and sales of elastomers in 1979 are 
shown in table 1 . J 

Total U.S. production 2 of synthetic rubber in 1979 amounted to 5,860 million 
pounds, an increase of 1.7 percent from that produced in 1978. Total sales of 
elastomers in 1979 amounted to 4,002 million pounds, an increase of 9.9 percent 
from that sold in 1978. 

Styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR, or S-type rubber) in 1979 continued to be 
the elastomer produced in the greatest quantity as it has been for more than a 
quarter of a century. U.S. production of S-type rubber, including 30 million 
pounds of its vinylpyridine sub- type, amounted to 3,087 million pounds in 1979, 
an increase of 1.6 percent from that reported for 1978. Solution polymerized 
butadiene rubber, a stereo type elastomer, was produced domestically in 1979 
in the next largest amount — 727 million pounds. Other principal types of synthetic 
elastomers for which U.S. production data are reported separately are ethylene- 
propylene rubber, production of which was 389 million pounds in 1979, isobutylene- 
isoprene (butyl) rubber, production of which was 427 million pounds, 3 acrylonitrile 
butadiene (N-type) rubber, production of which was 161 million pounds, and 
polychloroprene (Neoprene) rubber, production of which was 404 million pounds. 

Sales of S-type rubber by U.S. producers in 1979 (including its vinyl- 
pyridine sub-type) amounted to 1,705 million pounds, an increase of 10.6 percent 
over sales reported for 1978. Sales of solution polymerized butadiene rubber 
amounted to 403 million pounds, and those of ethylene-propylene rubber to 352 
million pounds. Sales of N-type rubber in 1979 amounted to 125 million pounds. 
Sales of solution polymerized butadiene rubber in 1979 increased from sales in 
1978 by 27.2 percent, and sales of ethylene-propylene rubber increased 1.8 percent. 
Sales of N-type rubber in 1979 were 8.8 percent above those in 1978. 



1 See also table 2 which lists these products and indicates the manufacturers 
of each by code. The codes are identified by company name in table 3. 
Does not include urethane type elastomers. 
3 Reported by the Rubber Manufacturers' Association. 



X -- ELASTOMERS 
TABLE 1.— Elastomers (synthetic rubber): 1 U.S. production and sales, 1979 



185 



[Listed below are all elastomers (synthetic rubber) for which reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. (Leaders (...) are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published 
or where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists all elastomers for which data on production and/or sales 
were reported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



PRODUCTION 



QUANTITY 2 



UNIT 
VALUE 3 



Grand total 

Cyclic 

Acyclic 

Acrylonitrile-butadiene type (N-type) 

Butadiene (emulsion polymerized) type 

Chloroprene type (Neoprene) 

Ethylene-propylene type 

Isobutylene-isoprene type (Butyl) 

S ilicone type 

Stereo elastomer: Butadiene (solution polymerized) 

type 

Styrene-butadiene type (S-type) 

Styrene-butadiene-vinylpyridine type 

Urethane type 

All other elastomers 7 



1,000 
pounds 



5,860,083 



1,000 
pounds 



4,002,234 



1,000 
dollars 



2,324,653 



Per 
pound 



$0.58 



3,267,457 
2,592,626 



161,493 

42.573 

C) 

388,867 

( 5 ) 

89,335 

727,451 

3,056,652 

29,970 

( 6 ) 

1,363,742 



1,929,398 
2,072,836 

124,768 
29,599 

352,411 

76,135 

402,900 

1,690,321 

14,769 

1,311,331 



725,327 
1,599,326 

90,646 
12,778 

213,190 

264,625 

171,069 

583,134 

12,283 

976,928 



.38 
.77 

.73 
.43 

.60 

3.48 

.42 
.34 
.83 



'The term "elastomers" is define as substance in bale, crumb, powder, latex, and other crude forms which can be 
vulcanized or similarly processed into materials that can be stretched at 68° F. to at least twice their original 
length and, after having been stretched and the stress removed, will return with force to approximately their 
original length. 

2 Includes oil content of oil-extended elastomers. 

Calculated from unrounded figures. 

"included in "All other elastomers." The production of polychloroprene rubber in 1979 was reported by the 
Rubber Manufacturers' Association to be 183,341 metric tons (404,193,569 pounds). 

5 Included in "All other elastomers." The production of butyl rubber in 1979 was reported by the Rubber Manu- 
facturers' Association to be 193,711 metric tons (427,055,271 pounds). 

6 The data on production and sales of urethane elastomers are reported in the section "Plastics and Resin Mat- 
erials" with urethane plastics and polyols. 

'includes production and sales for acrylic ester, butyl, chloroprene, epichlorohydrin, fluorinated, isobutylene, 
isoprenes, and polysulflde elastomers, certain solution elastomers, chlorinated rubber, chlorosulfonated poly- 
ethylene, thermoplastic rubber, and miscellaneous elastomers. 



186 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



TABLE 2, --Elastomers for which u.s. production and/or sales were reported, 

IDENTIFIED BY MANUFACTURER, 1979 

[CHEMICALS FOR WHICH SEPARATE STATISTICS ARE GIVEN IN TABLE 1 ARE MARKED BELOW WITH AN ASTERISK (*) : CHEMICALS 
NOT SO MARKED DO NOT APPEAR IN TABLE 1 BECAUSE THE REPORTED DATA ARE ACCEPTED IN CONFIDENCE AND MAY NOT BE 
PUBLISHED. MANUFACTURERS' IDENTIFICATION CODES SHOWN BELOW ARE TAKEN FROM TABLE 3] 



ELASTOMERS 



MANUFACTURERS' IDENTIFICATION CODES 
(ACCORDING TO LIST IN TABLE 3) 



CYCLIC 

BUTADIENE-STYRENE TYPE: 
*Butadiene-styrene (S-Type)- - - - - • 

*Butadiene-styrene-vinylpyridine - - 
Butadiene-styrene type, all other - ■ 
Polyester elastomer ---------- 

Polyisoprene, cyclized- -------- 

Thermoplastic elastomers, cyclic- - - - 

ACYCLIC 

Butadiene-acrylic acid-acrylonitrile- ■ 

*Butadiene-acrylonitrile type (N-Type) - 

Depolymerized butyl rubber- ------ 

Epichlorohydrin rubber- -------- 

*Ethylene-propylene rubber ------- 

Fluoroelastomers- ----------- 

Isobutylene-isoprene type (Butyl) - - - 
Polyacrylate ester, type elastomers - • 
Polyalkalene oxide- ---------- 

Polyalkalene sulfide, type elastomers • 
*Polybutadiene type (Emulsion) - - - - - 

Polychloroprene type (Neoprene) - - - ■ 
Polyisobutylene, type elastomers- - - ■ 
PRODUCTS OF NATURAL RUBBER: 

Depolymerized natural rubber- - - - - 

Polymerized chlorinated rubber- - - - 

*Silicone type elastomers- ------- 

STEREOISOMER TYPE: 

Depolymerized isoprene- ------- 

*Polybutadiene (Solution polymerized) - 
Polyisoprene (Solution polymerized) - 
Stereoisomer type, all other- - - - - 

Thermoplastic elastomers, acyclic - - - 
All other acyclic elastomers- - - - - - 



ASY, BFG, CPY, FIR, FRS , GNT, GRD, GYR, MMM, PLC, PLR, 

TUS, USR. 
BFG. FIR, FRS, GNT, GYR, MIL. 
ASY, PLC. 
DUP. 
WAY. 
SHC. 



ASY, 










BFG, 


CPY, 


GYR, 


MMM. 


USR. 


HDM. 










BFG. 










BFG, 


CPY, 


DUP, 


ENJ, 


USR. 


DUP. 


MMM. 








CBN, 


EN J. 








ACY, 


BFG, 


DUP. 






PRC. 










TKL. 










BFG, 


FRS, 


GYR, 


TKL, 


TUS. 


DKA, 


DUP. 








EN J. 










HDM. 










HPC, 
DCC, 


ICI. 
SPD, 


SWS. 






HDM. 
ASY, 


BFG, 


FRS, 


GNT, 


GYR, PLC 


BFG, 


GYR. 








ADC, 


USR. 








ASY. 
DUP, 


PLC. 









X -- ELASTOMERS 
TABLE 3, —Elastomers (synthetic rubber): Directory of manufacturers, 1979 



187 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of elastomers to the U.S. International Trade Commission 
for 1979 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



Code 


Name of company : 


: Code 


Name of company 


ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. : 


: RDM 


Hardman, Inc. 


ADC 


Anderson Development Co. : 


: HPC 


Hercules, Inc. 


ASY 


American Synthetic Rubber Corp. : 










: ICI 


ICI Americas Inc., Chemical 


BFG 


B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich : 
Chemical Group : 




Specialties Co. 






: MIL 


Milliken & Co., Milliken Chemical Div. 


CBN 


Cities Service Co., Columbian Div. : 


: MMM 


Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Co. 


CPY 


Copolymer Rubber & Chemical Corp. : 










: PLC 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 


DCC 


Dow Corning Corp. • 


: PLR 


Polysar, Inc., Polysar Latex Div. 


DKA 


Denka Chemical Corp. : 


: PRC 


Products Research & Chemical Corp. 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. '• 










: SHC 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 


ENJ 


Exxon Chemical Co. » U.S.A. : 


: SPD 


General Electric Co., Silicone Products 
Dept. 






: SWS 


Stauffer Chemical Co., SWS Silicones Div. 




Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. : • 






FIR 


Firestone Plastics Co. Div. ■ 






FRS 


Firestone Synthetic Rubber & Latex : 


: TKL 


Thiokol Chemical Corp. 




Co. Div. : 


: TUS 


Texas-U.S. Chemical Co. 


GNT 


General Tire & Rubber Co., Chemical : 
Div. ■ 


: USR 


Uniroyal, Inc. , Uniroyal Chemical Div. 


GRD 


W. R. Grace & Co., Polymers & Chemical : 








Div. '• 


: WAY 


Philip A. Hunt Chemical Corp., Organic 


GYR 


Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. : 




Chemical Div. 



Note. — Complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in table 1 of the appendix. 



328-942 0-80-13 



SECTION XI -- PLASTICIZERS 189 



STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 
Sharon K. Thompson 

Plasticizers are organic chemicals that are added to synthetic plastics 
and resin materials to (1) improve workability during fabrication, (2) extend 
or modify the natural properties of these materials, or (3) develop new 
improved properties not present in the original material. Table 1 presents 
statistics on U.S. production and sales of plasticizers in as great a detail as 
is possible without revealing the operations of individual producers. 

U.S. production of plasticizers totaled 2,133 million pounds in 1979, 
an increase of 2.3 percent from the 2,086 million pounds reported for 1978. 
Sales of plasticizers totaled 1,814 million pounds, valued at $826 million, 
in 1979, compared with 1,748 million pounds, valued at $703 million, in 1978. 

Production of cyclic plasticizers in 1979, which consisted chiefly of the 
esters of phthalic anhydride, phosphoric acid, and trimellitic acid, amounted 
to 1,690 million pounds, and increase of 1.0 percent from the 1,673 million 
pounds reported for 1978. Sales of cyclic plasticizers in 1979 totaled 
1,421 million pounds, valued at $576 million, compared with 1,380 million 
pounds, valued at $487 million, in 1978. The most important cyclic plasticizers 
were the dioctyl phthalates, with production of 336 million pounds, in 1979. 

Production of acyclic plasticizers in 1979 totaled 442 million pounds, 
an increase of 7.2 percent from the 413 million pounds reported for 1978. 
Sales of acyclic plasticizers totaled 393 million pounds, valued at $250 million, 
in 1979, compared with 367 million pounds, valued at $216 million, in 
1978. Epoxidized soya oils were the most important acyclic plasticizer in 
1979 with production of 72 million pounds. 



XI - PLASTICIZERS 
TABLE 1.— Plasticizers: 1 U.S. production and sales, 1979 



191 



[Listed below are plasticizers for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders 
(...) are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data 
were reported.) Table 2 lists separately all plasticizer chemicals for which data on production and/or 
sales were reported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



PLASTICIZERS 



PRODUCTION 



SALES 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 2 



Grand total 

Benzenoid 3 

Nonbenzenoid 

CYCLIC 

Total 

Phosphoric acid esters' 1 

Phthalic anhydride esters, total 

Dibutyl phthalates (including diisobutyl 

phthalates) 

Diisodecyl phthalate 5 

Dimethyl phthalate 

Dioctyl phthalates, total 5 

Di(2-Ethylhexyl) phthalate 

All other dioctyl phthalates 

Di-tridecyl phthalate 

All other phthalic anhydride esters 

Triisoctyl trimellitate 

Trioctyl trimellitate 

All other cyclic plasticizers 6 

ACYCLIC 

Total 

Adipic acid esters, total 

Di (2-ethylhexy 1) adipate 

Diisodecyl adipate 

Diisooctyl adipate 

Diisopropyl adipate 

Di-tridecyl adipate 

All other adipic acid esters 

Complex linear polyesters and polymeric plasticizers, 

total 

Adipic acid type 

All other 

Epoxidized esters, total 

Epoxidized soya oils 

All other epoxidized esters 

Isopropyl myristate 

Oleic acid esters, total 

Butyl oleate 

Propyl oleates 

All other oleic acid esters 



1,000 
pounds 



2,132,951 



1,825,925 
307,026 



1,690,485 



105,687 
1,290,988 



17,157 
174,784 

10,527 
335,966 
300,566 

35,400 

27,368 
725,186 

8,958 

11,570 

273,282 



442,466 



75,468 



46,665 

1,287 

259 

1,274 

2,398 

23,585 



56,274 



28,361 
27,913 



71,879 
47,533 



2,828 



2,574 

362 

12,952 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



1,532,596 
281,391 



1,420,740 



89,987 
1,232,527 



17,164 

152,994 

9,682 

341,594 

318,335 

23,259 

21,820 

689,273 

5,924 
12,264 
80,038 



393,247 



64,244 



44,143 

1,226 

263 

1,393 

17,219 



23,355 
24,493 



122,147 



77,189 
44,958 



2,609 
13,099 



13,099 



649,848 
175,693 



575,707 



68,589 
455,157 



6,627 
55,301 

4,717 
119,608 
111,256 

8,352 

9,959 
258,945 

3,769 

6,860 

41,332 



249,834 



35,200 



22,694 

698 

146 

1,066 

10,596 



35,981 



17,211 
18,770 



65,660 



39,388 
26,272 



2,878 
6,867 



6,867 



Per 
pound 



.42 
.62 



.74 
.77 



.51 
.58 



1.10 

.52 



footnotes at end of table. 



192 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



TABLE 1,— Plasticizers: ' U.S. production and sales, 1979— Continued 



PLASTICIZERS 



PRODUCTION 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 2 



ACYCLIC— Continued 



Palmitic acid esters, total 

Isopropyl palmilate 

All other palmitic acid esters- 



Phosphoric acid esters- 
Sebacic acid esters 



1,000 
pounds 



7,459 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



3,841 



4,367 
3,092 



19,454 
975 



4,419 
1,110 



15,422 
874 



Stearic acid esters, total 

n-Butyl stearate 

Isobutyl stearate 

All other stearic acid esters- 
All other acyclic plasticizers 7 - 



2,936 
905 



12,738 
1,219 



7,328 



8,277 
1,700 
3,702 

131,029 



7,512 
1,736 
3,095 

109,132 



3,779 

985 

2,564 

78,122 



Per 

pound 



.66 
.82 



.83 
1.40 



.50 
.57 
.83 

.72 



Includes data for compounds used principally (but not exclusively) as primary plasticizers. Does not include 
clearly defined extenders or secondary plasticizers. 

Calculated from unrounded figures. 

3 Includes benzenoid products as defined in part 1 of schedule 4 of the Tariff Schedules of the United States 
Annotated. 

Includes data for cresyl diphenyl phosphate, dibutyl phenyl phosphate, diphenyl octyl phosphate, tricresyl 
phosphate, triphenyl phosphate, and other cyclic phosphoric acid esters. 

5 The difference between the production reported here and that shown on the Preliminary Report on U.S. Produc- 
tion of Selected Organic Chemicals, 1979 , results from a combination of incorrect reporting by some companies, 
end of year inventory adjustments, and rounding. 

Includes data for glycol dibenzoates, toluenesulfonamides, tetrahydrofurfuryl oleate, and other cyclic plas- 
ticizers. 

Includes data for azelaic, citric and acetylcitric, myristic, pelargonic, ricinoleic, acetylricinoleic, gly- 
ceryl, and glycol esters, and other acyclic plasticizers. 



XI -- PLASTICIZEPS 



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SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



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XI -- PLASTICIZF.RS 



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196 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



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XI -- PLASTICIZF.RS 



197 



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198 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 
TABLE 3.— Plastic i zers: Directory of manufacturers, 1979 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of plasticizers to the U.S. International Trade 
Commission for 1979 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



Code 


: Name of company ; 


: Code 


: Name of Company 


ARC 


Armak Co., Industrial Chemical Div. : 


: NES 


Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co. 


ARZ 


Arizona Chemical Co. : 


: NEV 


Neville Chemical Co. 






: NTL 


NL Industries, Inc. 


BAS 


BASF Wyandotte Corp. : 






BFG 


B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich Chemical : 








Group : 


: PFZ 


Pfizer, Inc. 






: PVO 


PVO International, Inc. 


CCA 


Inter stab Chemicals, Inc. ; 






CHL 


Chemol, Inc. : 






CIN 


Stockhausen, Inc. : 


: RCI 


Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 


CO 


Conoco, Inc. : 


: RH 


Rohm & Haas Co. 


CPS 


CPS Chemical Co. : 


: RUB 


Hooker Chemicals Corp., Hooker Chemicals 
& Plastics Corp., Ruco Div. 


DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. ; 


: RWC 


Robinson-Wagner Co., Inc. 


DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. : 






DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. : 


: SBC 


Scher Bros., Inc. 






: SCP 


Henkel, Inc.. 


EK 


Eastman Kodak Co.: : 


: SFS 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Specialty Div. 


EKT 


Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. : 


: SHX 


Sherex Chemical Co . , Inc . 


EKX 


Texas Eastman Co. Div. : 


: SM 


Mobil Oil Corp., Mobil Chemical Co., 


ELC 


Elco Corp., Sub. of Detrex Chemical : 




Chemical Coatings Div. 




Industries, Inc. : 


: SWT 


Estech Specialty Chemicals Corp. 


EMR 


Emery Industries, Inc. : 






ENJ 


Exxon Chemical Co. U.S.A. : 


: TCC 


Sybron Corp., Chemical Division/Tanatex 






: TCH 


Emery Industries, Inc., Trylon Div. 


FMP 


FMC Corp., Industrial Chemical Group ' : 


: TEK 


Teknor Apex Co. 






: TKL 


Thiokol Chemical Corp. 


GRO 


A. Gross & Co., Millmaster Onyx Group, : 








Kewanee Industries, Inc. : 


: UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 






: USS 


USS Chemicals Div. of U.S. Steel Corp. 


HAL 


C. P. Hall Co. : 






HCC 


Hatco Chemical Corp. : 






HDW 


Hardwicke Chemical Co. : 


: VEL 


Velsicol Chemical Corp. 


HN 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc. : 


: VIK 


Viking Chemical Co. 


HPC 


Hercules, Inc. : 


: VND 


Van Dyk & Co. , Inc. 


HUM 


Kraft, Inc., Humko Sheffield Chemical : 






KF 


Kay-Fries Inc., Member Dynamit Nobel : 


: WM 


Inolex Corp. 




Group : 


: WTC 


Witco Chemical Corp. 






: WTH 


Union Camp Corp. 


MON 


Monsanto Co. : 







Note. — Complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in table 1 of the appendix. The 
above codes identify those of the 57 reporting companies and company divisions for which permission to publish was 
not restricted. 



SECTION XI I — SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 199 



STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 
Eric Land 



The surface-active agents included in this report are organic chemicals 
that reduce the surface tension of water or other solvents and are used 
chiefly as detergents, dispersing agents, emulsif iers, foaming agents, or 
wetting agents in either aqueous or nonaqueous systems. Waxes and products 
used chiefly as plasticizers are excluded. Surface-active agents are pro- 
duced from natural fats and oils, from silvichemicals such as lignin, rosin, 
and tall oil, and from chemical intermediates derived from coal tar and 
petroleum. A major part of the output of the bulk chemicals shown in this 
report is consumed in the form of packaged soaps and detergents for household 
and industrial use. The remainder is used in the processing of textiles and 
leather, in ore flotation and oil-drilling operations, and in the manufacture 
of agricultural sprays, cosmetics, elastomers, foods, lubricants, paint, 
pharmaceuticals, and many other products. 

The statistics for production and sales of surface-active agents are 
grouped by ionic class and by chemical class and subclass. All quantities 
are reported in terms of 100-percent organic surface-active ingredient and 
thus exclude all inorganic salts, water, and other diluents. Sales 
statistics reflect sales of bulk surface-active agents only; sales of 
formulated products are excluded. 

Total U.S. production of surface-active agents in 1979 amounted to 
4,948 million pounds, or 4.4 percent more than the 4,7.33 million pounds 
reported for 1978. Sales of bulk surface-active agents in 1979 amounted to 
2,859 million pounds, valued at $1,143 million, compared with sales in 1978 
of 2,708 million pounds, valued at $966 million. In terms of quantity, 
sales in 1979 were 5.6 percent higher than in 1978: in terms of value, 
sales in 1979 were 18.3 percent greater than in 1978. 

Production of anionic surface-active agents in 1979 amounted to 3,159 

million pounds, or 63.8 percent of the total surfactant output reported for 

1979. Sales of anionics in 1979 amounted to 1,498 million pounds valued at 
$419 million. 

Production of cationic surface-active agents in 1979 amounted to 294 
million pounds, 0.01 percent less than the 296 million pounds reported in 
1978. Production of nonionic surface-active agents amounted to 1,475 
million pounds in 1979, 11.4 percent greater than the 1,324 million pounds 
reported in 1978. Sales of cationic surface-active agents in 1979 increased 
by 10.2 percent in terms of quantity and increased 17.0 percent in terms of 
value over 1978. Sales of nonionics in 1979 increased by 15.1 percent, in 
terms of quantity and by 21.7 percent in terms of value over 1978. 



200 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



The difference between production and sales reflects inventory changes 
and captive consumption of soaps and surface-active agents by synthetic 
rubber producers, and by manufacturers of cosmetics, packaged detergents, 
bar soaps, and other formulated consumer products. In some instances the 
difference may also reflect quantities of surface-active agents used as 
chemical intermediates, e.g., nonionic alcohol and alkylphenol ethoxylates 
which may be converted to anionic surface-active agents by phosphation or 
sulfation. 



XII -- SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



201 



TABLE 1.— Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1979 

[Listed below are all surf ace-active agents for which reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders (...) are used where the reported data are accepted. in confidence and may not be published or 
where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists all surface-active agents for which data on production and/or 
sales were reported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



Grand total 

Benzenoid 1 * 

Nonbenzenoid 

AMPHOTERIC 

Total 

ANIONIC 

Total 

Carboxylic acids (and salts thereof) , total 

Amine salts of fatty, rosin, and tall oil acids 

Carboxylic acids having amide, ester, or ether 

linkages 

Coconut oil acids, potassium salt 

Coconut oil acids, sodium salt 

Mixed vegetable fatty acids, potassium salt 

Oleic acid, potassium salt 

Oleic acid, sodium salt 

Tall oil acids, potassium salt * 

Tall oil acids, sodium salt— 

Tallow acids, sodium salt 

All other carboxylic acids (and salts thereof) 

Phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esters (and salts 

thereof) , total 

Alcohols and phenols, alkoxylated and phosphated, 

total 

Dinonylphenol , ethoxylated and phosphated 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and phos- 
phated 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Phenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

All other 

All other phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esters 
(and salts thereof) 

Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof) , total 

Alkybenzenesulfonates, total 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, calcium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, isopropylamine salt- 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, triethanolamine 

salt 

All other 

Ligninsulf onates, total 

Ligninsulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

Ligninsulf onic acid, calcium salt 

Ligninsulfonic acid, chromium salt 

Ligninsulfonic acid, iron salt 



PRODUCTION 1 



1,000 
pounds 



4,948,439 



1,235,265 
3,713,174 



20,519 



3,158,586 



878,120 



672 

4,402 

151,362 
3,654 
1,464 

594 

10,501 

2,501 

387,359 

315,611 



19,399 
1,080 

3,836 
5,795 
1,346 
814 
6,528 

19,282 



655,612 

216,278 

10,514 

3,739 

307,036 

5,181 

112,864 

806,134 

13,941 

590,131 

98,898 

2,110 



SALES' 



QUANTITY 1 



1,000 
pounds 

2,859,480 



677,840 
2,181,640 



1,497,966 



251 

4,581 
1,615 
2,417 
2,884 

174 

3,907 

1,449 

23,418 

134,513 



24,732 



16,587 
757 

3,143 

4,234 

989 

590 

6,874 

8,145 

1,067,108 



184,591 

107,405 

9,564 

3,655 

43,957 

5,420 

14,590 

750,394 

12,864 

540,524 

95,865 

2,110 



1,000 
dollars 



1.143,506 



296,902 
846,604 



320 

5,992 
1,512 
1,168 
6,548 

151 
2,214 

385 

7,818 

43,599 



19,432 



12,290 
594 

2,325 
2,953 

745 

507 

5,166 

7,142 

207,612 



76,856 

39,554 

8,186 

2,399 

14,251 

2,447 
10,019 
55,780 

765 
22,095 
15,326 

368 



UNIT 
VALUE 3 



Per 
pound 



See footnotes at end of table. 



202 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIl CHEMICALS, 1979 



TABLE 1. —Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1979— Continued 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



ANIONIC— Continued 

Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof) — Continued 
Ligninsulfonates — Continued 

Ligninsulfonic acid, sodium salt 

All other 

Naphthalenesulfonates 

Sulfonic acids having amide linkages, total 

Sulfosuccinamic acid derivatives 

Taurine derivatives 

Sulfonic acids having ester or ether linkages, 

total 

Sulfosuccinic acid esters, total 

Sulfosuccinic acid, bis (2-ethylhexyl) ester, 

sodium salt 

All other 

Other sulfonic acids having ester or ether 

lingages 

All other sulfonic acids (and salts thereof) 



Sulfuric acid esters (and salts thereof), total- 
Acids, amides, and esters, sulfated, total 

Butyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

Isopropyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

Oleic acid, sulfated, disodium salt— 

Propyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

Tall oil sulfated, sodium salt 

All other 

Alcohols, sulfated, total 

Dodecyl sulfate, ammonium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, magnesium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

Octyl sulfate, sodium salt 

All other 

Ethers, sulfated, total 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, 
sodium salt 



Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

ammonium salt „ 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

sodium salt 

All other 

Natural fats and oils, sulfated, total 

Castor oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Cod oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Tallow sulfated, sodium salt 

All other 



Other anionic surface-active agents 6 - 
CATIONIC 
Total 



Amine oxides and oxygen-containing amines (except 

those having amide linkages) , total 

Acyclic, total 

(Tallow alkyl) amine, ethoxylated 

All other 



PRODUCTION 



1,000 

pounds 

99,765 
1,289 

21,330 
5,785 
3,987 
1,798 

71,274 
25,600 

20,909 

4,691 

45,674 
80,985 

552,725 



24,279 

877 

92 

6,672 

474 

2,544 

13,620 

246,367 

14,486 

209 

19,883 

5,973 

241 

205,575 

262,714 

14,760 

95,125 

139,437 
13,392 
19,365 
5,365 
1,230 
3,619 
9,151 

47,940 



78,350 



69,541 

3,002 

66,539 



QUANTITY 1 



1,000 
pounds 

97,742 
1,289 

16,228 
3,976 
2,208 
1,768 

32,274 
19,534 

15,618 
3,916 

12,740 
79,645 

215,819 



18,317 

854 

92 

6,495 

203 

1,282 

9,391 

52,649 

12,961 

166 

18,510 

5,401 

145 

15,466 

128,488 

14,522 

68,676 

35,706 
9,584 

16,365 
5,079 
1,206 
3,470 
6,610 

15,098 



23,872 



18,391 

2,656 

15,735 



1,000 
dollars 

16,938 
288 
9,550 
4,510 
1,749 
2,761 

36,017 

17,117 

14,836 
2,281 



18,900 
24,899 



117,286 



11,325 

377 

78 

2,243 

106 

394 

8,127 

45,116 

10,808 

230 

16,295 

4,903 

156 

12,724 

53,597 

11,771 

21,552 

13,280 
6,994 
7,248 
2,617 
342 
1,227 
3,062 

5,065 



177,326 



19,185 



15,170 

1,772 

13,398 



UNIT 
VALUE 3 



Per 
pound 



$0.17 
.22 
.59 

1.13 
.79 

1.56 

1.12 



.95 
.58 



1.49 
.31 



.54 



.62 
.44 
.85 
.35 
.52 
.31 
.87 
.86 
.83 

1.39 
.88 
.91 

1.08 
.82 
.42 



See footnotes at end of table. 



XII -- SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 
TABLE 1.— Surface-active agents: U.S, production and sales, 



203 



1979— Continued 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



CATIONIC— Continued 

Amine oxides and oxygen-containing amines (except 
those having amide linkages)- — Continued 
Cyclic (including imidazoline and oxazoline 
derivatives) 



Amines and amine oxides having amide linkages, 

total 

Tall oil acids-diethylenetriamine condensate 

Tall oil acids polyalkylenepolyamine condensate- 
All other 



Amines, not containing oxygen (and salts thereof), 
total 

Diamines, polyamines, and amino salts, total 

Imidazoline derivatives 

N-(9-Octadecenyl)trimethylenediamine 

All other 

Primary monoamines, total ; 

(Hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine 

9-Octadecenylamine 

(Tallow alkyl) amine 

All other 

Secondary and tertiary monoamines, total™!-™-™.* 

N,N-Dimethyloctadecylamine „,.„„„„„, 

All other — m- 



Quaternary ammonium salts, containing oxygen- 



Quaternary ammonium salts, not containing oxygen, 

total . 

Acyclic , total " ■ — — — ■ — - — 

Bis (hydrogenated tallow alkyl) dimethylammonium 

chloride 

All other 

Benzenoid, total 

Benzyl (coconut oil alkyl) dimethylammonium 

chloride ■ — 

Benzyldimethyl (mixed alkyl) ammonium chloride 

Benzyltrimethylammonium chloride 

All other 



Other cationic surface-active agents- 
NONIONIC 
Total 



Carboxylic acid amides, total 

Diethanolamine condensates (amine/acid ratio=2/l), 

total 

Capric acid 

Castor oil acids 

Coconut oil acids 

Coconut oil and tallow acids 

Laurie and myristic acids 

Oleic acid 

Stearic acid 

Tall oil acids 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 



30,275 



7,223 

6,880 

16,172 



85,406 



25,353 
974 

1,689 
22,690 
31,355 

4,182 

4,937 
15,000 

7,236 
28,698 

1^227 
27,471 

12,835 



52,126 
16,872 
17,649 

130 

11,045 

955 

5,519 

709 



70,004 



22,015 

97 

2,585 

10,679 

1,884 

2,637 

833 

412 

218 

2,670 



QUANTITY 1 



1,000 
pounds 



21,725 
6,940 



6,144 
8,641 



74,278 



23,202 
1,078 
1,658 

20,466 

26,337 
3,403 
4,719 

11,314 
6,901 

24,739 
1J134 

23,605 

8,960 



85,171 



68,079 

52,349 
15,730 
17,092 

106 

10,940 

943 

5,103 

691 



1,127,520 



46,910 



16,609 
112 
1,210 
8,454 
1,835 
1,615 



218 

3,165 



1,000 
dollars 



4,015 



18,370 
3,156 



5,381 
9,833 



),774 



16,329 
1,637 
1,430 

13,262 

19,832 
2,421 
3,763 
6,261 
7,387 

24,613 
1,230 

23^383 

9,588 



68,181 



44,326 

26,746 
17,580 
23,855 

147 

16,104 

598 

7,006 

1,228 



528,243 



35,152 



10,940 

104 

751 

5,399 

1,159 

1,477 



147 
1,903 



See footnotes at end of table. 



204 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 

TABLE 1. —Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1979— Continued 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



PRODUCTION 1 



SALES 2 



QUANTITY 1 



UNIT 
VALUE 3 



NONIONIC- - Continued 

Carboxylic acid amides — Continued 

Diethanolamine condensates (other amine/acid 

ratios) , total 

Coconut oil acids (amine/acid ratio^l/l) 

Laurie acid (amine/acid ratio-1/1) 

Laurie and myristic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) — 

LinoLeic acid 

Oleic acid (amine/acid ratio=-l/l) 

Stearic acid (amine/acid ratio=*l/l) 

All other 

All other carboxylic acid amides, total 

Coconut oil acids, ethanolamine condensates 

All other 



Carboxylic acid esters, total 

Anhydrosorbitol esters, total 

Anhydro sorbitol monolaurate 

Anhydrosorbitol mono-oleate 

All other 

Diethylene glycol esters, total 

Diethylene glycol monolaurate 

Diethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Diethylene glycol monostearate 

All other 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol esters, total 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol mono-oleate 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monostearate 

All other 

Ethylene glycol esters, total 

Ethylene glycol monostearate 

All other 

Glycerol esters, total 8 

Glycerol esters of chemically defined acids, 

total 

Glycerol mono-oleate 

Glycerol monostearate 

All other 

Glycerol esters of mixed acids, total 

Glycerol monoester of hydrogenated cottonseed 

oil acids 

Glycerol monoester of hydrogenated soybean 

oil acids — ■ 

All other 

Natural fats and oils, ethoxylated, total 

Castor oil, ethoxylated 

Hydrogenated castor oil, ethoxylated 

Lanolin, ethoxylated 

All other 

Polyethylene glycol esters, total ■ 

Polyethylene glycol esters of chemically defined 

acids , total 

Polyethylene glycol dilaurate 

Polyethylene glycol dioleate 

Polyethylene glycol distearate 

Polyethylene glycol monolaurate 

Polyethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Polyethylene glycol monostearate 

All other 



1,000 



30,890 

16,427 

8,479 

299 

173 

135 

5,377 

17,099 

5,353 

11,746 

254,349 



33,077 

5,721 

27,356 

1,421 

205 

27 

238 

951 

29,806 

5,274 

9,750 

14,782 

3,935 

1,587 

2,348 

77,594 

22,923 

3,654 

18,334 

935 

54,671 

2,562 

10,983 

41,126 

18,614 

9,157 

1,679 

7,778 

48,140 

24,843 
1,312 
3,028 
2,916 
6,298 
4,327 
6,028 
934 



1,000 
pounds 

24,064 

15,961 

4,520 

2,348 

277 

119 

124 

715 

6,237 

1,842 

4,395 

195,517 



22,244 

3,481 

5,372 

13,391 

1,145 

207 

32 

249 

657 

27,125 

4,810 

8,521 

13,794 

3,684 

1,476 

2,208 

63,025 

18,862 

3,164 

14,745 

953 

44,163 

1,326 

9,953 

32,884 
18,918 
8,944 
4,798 
1,596 
3,580 
38,556 

19,814 
1,127 

977 
2,697 
5,041 
3,734 
5,507 

731 



1,000 
do I lars 

18,981 

11,619 

4,322 

2,068 

276 

85 

73 

538 

5,232 

1,350 

3,882 

133,297 



16,433 

3,043 

4,177 

9,213 

875 

161 

30 

200 

484 

19,073 

3,303 

5,931 

9,839 

2,029 

891 

1,138 

41,001 

11,882 
2,258 
8,547 
1,077 

29,119 

1,444 

7,425 
20,250 
11,268 
5,026 
3,421 
1,252 
1,569 
20,863 

14,433 
1,003 

685 
2,279 
4,106 
2,217 
3,641 

502 



Per 
pound 



$0.79 
.73 
.96 
.88 
1.00 
.72 
.59 
.75 
.84 
.73 



.58 
1.13 



.72 
.62 
.60 
.56 
.71 
.78 



.73 
.89 
.70 
.85 
.81 
.59 
.66 
.69 



See footnotes at end of table. 



XII -- SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



205 



TABLE 1,— Surface-active agents; U.S. production and sales, 1979— Continued 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



NONIONIC- -Continued 

Carboxylic acid esters — Continued 

Polyethylene glycol esters — Continued 

Polyethylene glycol esters of mixed acids— — 

Polyglycerol esters 

1, 2-Propanediol monolaurate 

1, 2-Propanediol monostearate 

All other carboxylic acid esters 



Ethers , total 

Benzenoid ethers, total 

Dodecy lphenol , ethoxylated 

Nonylphenol , ethoxylated 

Phenol, ethoxylated 

All other 

Nonbenzenoid ethers, total 

Chemically-defined linear alcohols, alkoxylated, 

total 

Decyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

9-Octadecenyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Oleyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

All other 

Mixed linear alcohols, alkoxylated, total 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and pro- 
poxy lated 

All other 

Other ethers and thioe.thers, total 

Mixed alcohols, ethoxylated 

Tridecyl alcohols, ethoxylated— 

All other . — , 

Other nonionic surface-active agents 7 



23,297 

1,049 

76 

2,101 

38,536 



432,833 
15,780 
307,747 
2,899 
106,407 
645,958 

14,550 

4,554 

1,655 

346 

7,995 

631,409 

567,183 

28,854 
35,372 
40,495 
1,568 
9,367 
29,560 

31,473 



QUANTITY 1 



1,000 
pounds 

18,742 

1,027 

69 

1,657 

18,067 

879,402 



362,562 
14,790 

266,603 

2,037 

79,132 

488,262 

10,062 
2,909 

494 

282 

6,377 

478,200 

445,803 

28,745 
3,652 

28,578 
1,355 
7,521 

19,702 

5,691 



1,000 
dollars 

6,430 

1,048 

94 

1,336 

19,277 

354,436 



136,457 

5,781 

94,100 

1,004 

35,572 

202,225 

6,792 

1,167 

452 

385 

4,788 

195,433 

179,898 

12,660 
2,875 

15,755 
1,047 
2,845 

11,863 

5,358 



UNIT 
VALUE 3 



Per 
pound 



$0.34 

1.02 

1.37 

.81 

1.07 



■ 40 
.38 
.39 
.35 
.49 
.45 
.41 

.69 
.40 
.92 
L.36 
.75 
.41 
.40 

.44 
.79 
.55 
.77 
.52 
.60 

.94 



All quantities are given in terms of 100 percent organic surface-active ingredient. 
^Sales include products sold as bulk surface-active agents only. 
Calculated from unrounded figures. 

"The term "benzenoid" used in this report, describes any surface-active agents, except lignin derivatives, 
whose molecular structure includes 1 or more 6-membered carbocyclic or hetercyclic rings with conjugated double 
bonds (e.g., the benzene ring or the pyridine ring). 
Includes ligninsulfonates. 
7 Includes all other natural fats and oils, sulfated. 
Includes trimethylnonyl alcohol, ethoxylated; octyl phosphate, ethoxylated; trimethylalpropane, ethoxylated- 
and tri(castor oil alkyl) phosphate. ' ' 

Complex glycerol esters are included in all other carboxylic acid esters. 



206 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



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XII -- SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



237 



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203 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC C.UFMICALS, 1979 



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XII -- SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



209 



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210 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHt p 1ICALS, 1<V Q 



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XII -- S'JRFACE-ACTIVF AGENTS 



213 



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XII -- SURFACE-ACTIVE ASEfJTS 



215 





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222 



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XII -- SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



227 





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SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



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XII -- SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



229 



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230 



SYNT»FTIC ORGANIC CHF.MICALS, 1979 



TABLE 3, --Surface-active agents: Directory of manufacturers, 1979 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 



[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of surface-active agents to the U.S. International Trade 
Commission for 1979 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



Code : 


Name of company : 


: Code : 


Name of company 


AAC : 


Alcolac, Inc. : 


: ECC : 


Eastern Color & Chemical Co. 


ACT : 


Southland Corp., Chemical Div. : 


: EFH : 


E.F. Houghton & Co. 


ACY : 


American Cyanamid Co. : 


: EKT : 


Eastman Kodak Co., Tennessee Eastman Co. Div 


AES : 


Penetone Corp. : 


: EMK : 


Emkay Chemical Co. 


AGP : 


Armour-Dial, Inc. 


: EMR : 


Emery Industries, Inc. 


AKS : 


Arkansas Co., Inc. 


: ENO : 


Enenco , Inc . 


APX : 


Apex Chemical Co., Inc. : 


: ESS : 


Essential Chemicals Corp. 


ARC : 


Armak Co., Industrial Chemical Div. ; 






ARD : 


Ardmore Chemical Co . , Inc . : 


: FER 


Ferro Corp., Keil Chemical Div. 


ARL : 


Arol Chemical Products Co. : 






ARZ : 


Arizona Chemical Co. : 


: GAF 


GAF Corp. 


ASY : 


American Synthetic Rubber Corp. : 


: GLY 


Glyco Chemicals, Inc. 


ATR : 


Atlantic Richfield Co., ARCO Chemical : 


: GRC 


Chemed Corp., Dubois Chemicals Div. 




Co. : 


: GRL 


Chemed Corp., Vestal Laboratories, Inc. 


AZS : 


AZS Corp. : : 


: GRO 


A. Gross & Co., Millmaster Onyx Group, 




AZ Products Co. Div. : 




Kewanee Inudstries, Inc. 




AZS Chemical Co. : 










: HAL 


C.P. Hall Co. 






: HDG 


Hodag Chemical Corp. 


BAO : 


Bayoil Co. , Inc. : 


: HEW 


Hewitt Soap Co., Inc. 


BAS : 


BASF Wyandotte Corp. : 


: HLI 


Millmaster Onyx Corp., Onyx Chemical Co. Div 


BFP = 


Breddo Food Products Corp., Inc. 


: HMP 


W.R. Grace & Co., Organic Chemicals 


BKM : 


Buckman Laboratories, Inc. : 




Div. 


BLA : 


Astor Products, Inc., Blue Arrow Div. : 


: HNT 


Huntington Laboratories, Inc. 


BLS : 


Life Savers, Inc. : 


: HPC 


Hercules, Inc. 


BRD : 


Lonza, Inc. : 


: HRT 


Hart Products Corp. 


BSW : 


Original Bradford Soap Works, Inc. : 


: HUM 


Kraft, Inc., Humko Sheffield Chemical 






: HXL 


Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Specialty Chemicals 


CCA 


Interstab Chemicals, Inc. : 






CCL 


Catawba-Charlab, Inc. : 


: ICI 


ICI Americas Inc., Chemical 


CCW 


Cincinnati Milacron Chemicals, Inc. '• 




Specialties Co. 


CGY 


Ciba-Geigy Corp. : 






CHL 


Chemol , Inc . : 


: JCC 


Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc. 


CHP 


C.H. Patrick & Co., Inc. : 


: JOR 


Jordan Chemical Co. 


CIN 


Stockhausen, Inc. : 


: JRG 


Andrew Jergens Co. 


CID 


Colloids, Inc. '• 


: JTO 


Jetco Chemicals, Inc. 


CLI 


Clintwood Chemical Co. : 






CO 


Conoco, Inc. ' 


: KNP 


Knapp Products, Inc. 


CON 


Concord Chemical Co., Inc. : 


: KPI 


Kenrich Petrochemicals, Inc. 


CP 


Colgate-Palmolive Co. : 






CRD 


Croda, Inc. : 






CRN 


CPC International, Inc., Amerchol Corp. : 


: LAK 


: Bofors Lakeway Inc. 


CRT 


Crest Chemical Corp. ' 


: LEA 


'• Leatex Chemical Co. 


CRZ 


: Crown Zellerbach Corp., Chemical Products Div.: 


: LEV 


: Lever Brothers Co. 


CST 


: Charles S. Tanner Co. : 


: LKY 


: Lake States Div. of Rhinelander Paper Co. 


CTL 


: Continental Chemical Co. : 


: LMI 


'• North American Chemical Co. 


CWP 


: Consolidated Papers, Inc. : 


: LUR 


: Laurel Products Corp. 


DA 


: Diamond Shamrock Corp. : 






DAN 


: Dan River, Inc., Chemical Products Dept. : 


: MAR 


: American Can Co., Lignin Chemicals Div. 


DEX 


: Dexter Chemical Corp. ■ 


: MCP 


: Moretex Chemical Products, Inc. 


DOW 


: Dow Chemical Co. : 


: MIL 


: Milliken & Co., Milliken Chemical Div. 


DUP 


: E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. : 


: MIR 


: Miranol Chemical Co., Inc. 


DYS 


: Davies-Young Co . 


: MOA 


: Mona Industries, Inc. 



XI! 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



231 



TABLE 3— Surface-active agents: Directory of manufacturers, 1979— Continued 



Code : 


Name of company : : 


Code : 


Name of company 


MON : 


Monsanto Co. '• '■ 


SEA : 


Seaboard Chemicals, Inc. 


MRD : 


Marden-Wild Corp. : : 


SFS : 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Specialty Div. 


MRT : 


Morton-Norwich Products, Inc., Morton :: 


SHC : 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 




Chemical Co. Div. : : 


SHX ■ 


Sherex Chemical Co., Inc. 


MRV : 


Marlowe-Van Loan Corp. : • 


SID 


George F. Siddall Co., Inc. 






SLC 


Soluol Chemical Co., Inc. 


NCC 


Niacet Corp. : 


SLM 


Salem Oil & Grease Co. 


NCW 


Nostrip Chemical Works, Inc. : 


SM 


Mobil Oil Corp., Mobil Chemical Co., 


NES 


Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co. : 




Chemical Coatings Div. 


NMC 


National Milling & Chemical Co. ■ 


SNW 


Sun Chemical Corp., Chemicals Div. 


NPR 


Safeway Stores, Inc. : 


SOC 


Standard Oil Co. of California, Chevron 


NTL 


NL Industries, Inc. : 




Chemical Co. 






SOP 


Southern Chemical Products Co. 


OMC 


Olin Corp. : 


SOS 


SSC Industries, Inc. 


ONX 


Onyx Chemical Co. : 


SPA 


Scott Paper Co. 


ORO 


Chevron Chemical Co. : 


STC 


American Hoechst Corp., Sou-Tex Works 






STP 


Stepan Chemical Co. 


PC 


Proctor Chemical Co., Inc. : 






PCH 


Peerless Chemical Co. : 


TCC 


Sybron Corp., Chemical Division/Tanatex 


PEK 


Peck's Products Co. : 


TCH 


Emery Industries, Inc., Trylon 


PG 


Procter & Gamble Co., Procter & Gamble 




Div. 




Mfg. Co. : 


TCI 


Morton-Norwich Products, Inc., Texize Div. 


PIL 


Pilot Chemical Co. = 


TEN 


Cities Service Co., Copperhill Operations 


PLX 


Plex Chemical Corp. : 


TMH 


Thompson Hayward Chemical Co. 


PNX 


Murphy-Phoenix Co. • 


TNA 


Ethyl Corp. 


PRX 


Purex Corp. : 


TNI 


The Gillette Co., Chemical Div. 


PSP 


Georgia-Pacific Corp., Bellingham Div. : 






PVO 


PVO International, Inc. 


UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 






UDI 


Petrochemicals Co., Inc. 


QCP 


Quaker Chemical Corp. : 


UNN 


United Chemical Corp. of Norwood 






USR 


Uniroyal, Inc., Uniroyal Chemical Div. 


RAY 


ITT Rayonier, Inc. : 






RBC 


Fike Chemicals, Inc. : 


VAL 


Valchem Div. of United Merchants & 


RCD 


Richardson Co. 




Manufacturers, Inc. 


RH 


Rohm & Haas Co. ' 


VND 


Van Dyk & Co . , Inc . 


ROB 


Robeco Chemicals, Inc. 


VPC 


Mobay Chemical Corp., Dyestuff Div. 


RWC 


Robinson-Wagner Co., Inc. 










WAW 


W.A. Wood Co. 


S 


Sandoz, Inc., Colors & Chemicals Div. 


WAY 


• Philip A. Hunt Chemical Corp., Organic 


SBC 


Scher Bros. Inc. : 




Chemical Div. 


SBP 


Sugar Beet Products Co. 


WBG 


White & Bagley Co. 


SCO 


Scholler Bros., Inc. 


: WHI 


■ White & Hodges, Inc. 


SCP 


Henkel Corp. : 


: WHW 


'• Whittemore-Wright Co., Inc. 


SDC 


: Martin-Marietta Corp., Sodyeco Div. 


: WM 


' Inolex Corp. 




: Sterling Drug, Inc.: 


< WTC 


' Witco Chemical Corp. 


SDH 


: Hilton Davis Chemical Co. Div. 


; WVA 


< Westvaco Corp., Polychemicals Dept. 


SDW 


: Sterling Organics Div. 







Note. — Complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in table 1 of the appendix. The 
above codes identify those of the 167 reporting companies and company divisions for which permission to publish was 
not restricted. 



SECTION XIII -- PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS 233 

STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 
Edmund Cappuccilli 

Pesticides and related products include fungicides, herbicides, insec- 
ticides, rodenticides, and related products such as plant growth regulators, 
seed disinfectants, soil conditioners, soil fumigants, and synergists. The 
data are given in terms of 100 percent active materials; they exclude 
such materials as diluents, emulsifiers, and wetting agents. 

U.S. production of pesticides and related products in 1979 amounted to 
1,429 million pounds — 0.9 percent greater than the 1,416 million pounds re- 
ported for 1978 (table 1) . 1 Sales in 1979 were 1,369 million pounds, an 
increase of 5.3 percent, as compared with 1,300 million pounds reported in 
1978; the value of sales was $3,631 million in 1979, compared with $3,041 
million in 1978 — an increase of 19.4 percent. 

The output of cyclic pesticides and related products amounted to 971 
million pounds in 1979 — 1.1 percent less than the 982 million pounds 
produced in 1978. Sales in 1979 were 979 million pounds, valued at $2,811 
million, compared with 944 million pounds, valued at $2,314 million in 1978. 
Production of acyclic pesticides and related products in 1979 amounted to 459 
million pounds, compared with 434 million pounds reported for 1978, an increase 
of 5.7 percent. Sales in 1979 were 390 million pounds, an increase of 9.4 
percent, as compared with 357 million pounds reported in 1978; the value 
of sales was $820 million in 1979, compared with $728 million in 1978 — an 
increase of 12.7 percent. 



a See also table 2 which lists these products and identifies the manufacturers 
by codes. These codes are given in table 3. 



XIII -- PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS 



235 



TABLE 1.— Pesticides and related products: U.S. production and sales, 1979 

[Listed below are all pesticides and related products for which any reported data on production or sales may be 
published. Table 2 lists all pesticides and related products for which data on production and/or sales were 
reported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS 




Grand total 

Benzenoid 

Nonbenzenoid 

CYCLIC 

Total 

Fungicides, total 

Naphthenic acid, copper salt 

Pentachlorophenol (PCP) 

All other cyclic fungicides 

Herbicides and plant growth regulators, total 

2, 4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, dimethylamine salt- 

2, 4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, iso-octyl ester 

Plant growth regulators 3 

All other cyclic herbicides "* 

Insecticides and rodenticides, total 

Organophosphorus insecticides 

All other cyclic insecticides and rodenticides 6 

ACYCLIC 

Total 

Fungicides , total 

Dithiocarbamic acid salts 

All other acyclic fungicides 6 

Herbicides and plant growth regulators 9 

Insecticides, rodenticides, soil conditioners and 

f umigants , total 

Organophosphorus insecticides 

Trichloronitromethane (Chloropicrin) 

All other acyclic insecticides, rodenticides, soil 
conditioners and fumigants 11 



PRODUCTION 



1,000 
pounds 



1,429,408 



760,899 
668,509 



970,623 



126,876 



1,606 
51,412 
73,858 

527,254 



12,705 

18,572 

7,605 

8,121 

480,251 

316,493 



109,204 
207,289 



458,785 



24,391 
3,640 



300,864 



93,999 
7,478 



199,387 



QUANTITY 



1,000 
pounds 

1,369,069 



773,868 
595,201 



979,081 



109,281 



1,137 
38,405 
69,739 

575,416 



13,641 

20,940 

8,719 

6,289 

525,827 

294,384 



113,009 
181,375 



389,988 



34,217 



31,236 
2,981 



127,961 
227,810 



74,501 
7,406 



145,903 



1,000 
dollars 



3,630,688 



2,283,864 
1,346,824 



2,810,772 



208,802 



977 
17,004 
190,821 

1,802,131 



10,416 

18,867 

7,009 

25,067 

1,740,772 

799,839 



293,990 
505,849 



819,916 



44,681 



37,437 
7,244 



411,781 



234,941 
5,725 



171,115 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



Per 
pound 



$2.65 



2.95 
2.26 



.86 

.44 

2.74 



.76 
.90 



3.99 
3.31 



2.60 
2.79 



1.20 
2.43 



3.15 

.77 



'Calculated from unrounded figures. 

2 Includes benomyl, captafol, captan, chlorothalonil, dinocap, DMTT, folpet, pentachloronitrobenzene, PMA, sod- 
ium pent'achlorophenate, 2,4,5-trichlorophenol salts, and others. 
3 Includes maleic hydrazide. 

Includes alachlor, atrazine, barban, benefin, bensulide, other 2,4-D esters and salts, 2,4-DB, dicamba, di- 
nitrophenol compounds, diuron, isopropyl phenylcarbamates (IPC and CIPC) , MCPA, molinate, NPA, picloram, propanil, 
2,4,5-T acid (esters and salts), triazines, trifluralin, uracils, and others. 

Includes carbophenothion, diazinon, dioxanthion, EPN, methyl parathion, parathion, and other phosphorothio- 
ates and phosphorodithioates. 

Includes carbaryl, carbofuran, chlorinated insecticides (chlordan, chlorobenzilate, DDT, endrin, heptachlor, 
methoxychlor, toxaphene, and others), insect attractants, DEET and other insect repellents, small amounts of 
rodenticides, and other. 

Includes ferbam, maneb, nabam, and zineb, plus the remaining dithiocarbamates which are used chiefly as fung- 
icides. 

Includes dodine, and others. 



236 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 

Footnotes- -Continued 

'includes butylate, dalapon, me thanear sonic acid salts, sodium TCA, thiocarbamates, and organophosphorous 
herbicides, and others. 

"includes acephate, DDVP, disulfoton, ethion, malathion, naled, phorate, and other organophosphorus insect- 
icides. 

'includes methomyl, methyl bromide, soil conditioners and fumigants, aldicarb, small quantities of rodent- 
icides, and others. 

Note. — Does not include data for the insect fumigant, p-dichlorobenzene nor the fungicide, o-phenylphenol. 
These data are included in the section on "Cyclic Intermediates." It also does not include data for the fung- 
icides, dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt and dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt (i.e., ziram) . 
These data are included in the section on "Rubber-Processing Chemicals." The data for ethylene dibromide, a 
fumigant, are included in the "Miscellaneous End-Use Chemicals and Chemical Products" section. 



XIII - PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS 



237 



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238 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



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239 



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240 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



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XIII- PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS 



241 



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242 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



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243 



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246 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



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XIII -- PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS 



247 



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248 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



TABLE 3.— Pesticides and related products: Directory of manufacturers, 1979 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of pesticides and related products to the U.S. Inter- 
national Trade Commission for 1979 are listed helow in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



Code 


Name of company : 


: Code 


Name of company 


ABB 


Abbott Laboratories : 


: MRK 


Merck & Co. , Inc. 


ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. : 


: MRT 


Morton-Norwich Products, Inc., Morton 


ADC 


Anderson Development Co. : 




Chemical Co. Div. 


ALC 


Alco Chemical Corp. : 


: MTO 


Montrose Chemical Corp. of California 


ALP 


Alpha Laboratories, Inc. '• 


: MTP 


Mount Pleasant Chemical Co. 


AMP 


Kerr-McGee Chemical Corp. : 










: NLO 


Niklor Chemical Co., Inc. 


BAS 


BASF Wyandotte Corp. : 


: OMC 


Olin Corp., Agricultural Products Dept. 


BHA 


Boots Hercules Agrochemicals Co. : 






BKM 


Buckman Laboratories, Inc. : 


: PAS 


Pennwalt Corp. 






: PBI 


PBI Gordon Corp. 






: PCW 


Pfister Chemical, Inc. 


CCA 


Interstab Chemicals, Inc. : 


: PEN 


CPC International, Inc., Penick Div. 


CGY 


Ciba-Geigy Corp., Agricultural Div. : 


: PFZ 


Pfizer, Inc. 


CHF 


Chemical Formulators ' 


: PIC 


Pierce Chemical Co. 


CHG 


Mobay Chemical Corp., Agricultural : 


: PLC 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 




Chemicals Div. - 


: PPG 


PPG Industries, Inc. 


CLY 


W. A. Cleary Corp. : 






CWN 


Upjohn Co., Fine Chemical Div. : 


: RBC 


Fike Chemicals, Inc. 






: RCI 


Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 


DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. : 


: RDA 


Rhone-Poulenc, Inc. 


DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. : 


: RH 


Rohm & Haas Co. 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. : 


: RIV 


Riverdale Chemical Co. 


EFH 


E. F. Houghton & Co. • 


: S 


Sandoz Inc., Crop Protection Dept. 






: SDC 


Martin-Marietta Corp., Sodyeco Div. 


FLC 


Fallek-Lankro Corp. '• 




Stauffer Chemical Co.: 


FMN 


FMC Corp., Agricultural Chemical Div. : 


: SFA 


Agricultural Div. 


FMT 


Fairmount Chemical Co. : 


: SFC 


Calhio Chemicals, Inc. 


FRI 


Farmland Industries, Inc. : 


: SHC 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 


FRO 


Vulcan Materials Co., Chemicals Div. • 


: SM 


Mobil Oil Corp., Mobil Chemical Co., 
Phosphorus Div. 


GAF 


GAF Corp. : 


: SOC 


Standard Oil Co. of California, Chevron 


GNW 


Greenwood Chemical Co. : 




Chemical Co. 


GTH 


Guth Corp. : 


: SOL 


Southland Corp. , Chemical Div. 


GTL 


Great Lakes Chemical Corp. ■ : 










: TMH 


Thompson-Hayward Chemical Co. 


HDW 


Hardwicke Chemical Co. • 


: TNA 


Ethyl Corp. 


HXL 


Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Specialty Chemicals : 


: TRO 


Troy Chemical Corp. 


ICI 


ICI Americas, Inc., Agricultural Chemicals : 


: UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 




Div. • 


■ UOP 


UOP, Inc., Chemical Div. 


IMC 


International Minerals & Chemicals Corp. : 


: USR 


Uniroyal, Inc. , Uniroyal Chemical Div. 


LAK 


Bofors Lakeway, Inc. ■ 


: VCC 


Vinings Chemical Co. 


LIL 


Eli Lilly & Co. : 


: VEL 


Velsicol Chemical Corp. 






: VGC 


Virginia Chemicals, Inc. 


MCI 


Mooney Chemical, Inc. : 


: VIN 


VIneland Chemical Co., Inc. 


MGK 


McLaughlin Gormley & King Co. : 


: VNC 


Vanderbilt Chemical Corp. 


MMM 


Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co. : 


: VTC 


Vertac, Inc. 


MON 


Monsanto Co. • 






MOT 


Motomoco, Inc. : 


: WTC 


Witco Chemical Corp. 



Note. — Complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in table 1 of the appendix. The 
above codes identify those of the 84 reporting companies and company divisions for which permission to publish was 
not restricted. 



SECTION XIV -- MISCELLANEOUS END-USE CHEMICALS 249 
AND CHEMICAL PRODUCTS 



STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 
David B. Beck and Ken Conant, III 



This section incorporates those end-use groups which are not readily 
classifiable within the prior sections of this report. Both cyclic and 
acyclic chemicals fall within this section. With the exception of gaso- 
line additives and tanning materials, both production and sales of all 
end-use groups contained within this section increased over 1978 levels. 

In 1979 the production of miscellaneous end-use chemicals exceeded 
22.3 billion pounds, an increase of 8.5 percent over the more than 20.6 
billion pounds of production reported for 1978. Sales in 1979 totaled 
11.5 billion pounds, valued at $3.0 billion. The sales quantity decreased 
1.9 percent from that of 1978 with the value of sales increasing by 11.8 
percent. As in 1978, polymers for fibers and urea again collectively 
accounted for 84 percent of the 1979 production of these miscellaneous 
end-use chemicals. Urea accounted for 73 percent of the 1979 sales 
quantity of these chemicals. 

In 1979 the production of lubricating oil and grease additives 
totaled 1.8 billion pounds, an increase of 10 percent over 1978. Total 
sales quantity for 1979 was 1.3 billion pounds, up 9 percent from the 
1978 sales quantity of 1.2 billion pounds, while the value of sales 
increased 19 percent to $774 million. 

Production of gasoline additives for 1979 totaled 1.3 billion pounds, 
an increase of 23 percent from the previous year. Total sales quantity 
for 1979 was 875 million pounds, up 9 percent from the 1978 sales quantity 
of 801 million pounds, with sales value decreasing 2 percent to $801 
million. 



XIV -- MISCELLANEOUS END-USE CHEMICALS AND CHEMICAL PRODUCTS 
TABLE 1.— Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products: U.S. 

PRODUCTION AND SALES, 1979 



251 



[Listed below are all miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products for which any reported data on pro- 
duction or sales may be published. (Leaders (...) are used where the reported data are accepted in confi- 
dence and may not be published or where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists all miscellaneous end-use 
chemicals and chemical products for which data on production and/or sales were reported and identifies the 
manufacturers of each] 



MISCELLANEOUS END-USE CHEMICALS 
AND CHEMICAL PRODUCTS 



PRODUCTION : 










QUANTITY : 


VALUE 


VALUE 1 


1,000 


1,000 : 


1,000 


Per 


pounds 


pounds 


dollars 


pound 


22,341,738 


11,478,283 


3,032,188 


$0.26 


190,655 


189,856 


92,772 


.49 


6,032 


7,392 


2,855 


.39 


9,877 


7,419 


7,339 


.99 


931 










566 


550 


.97 


1,133 


1,867 


1,137 


.61 


59,725 


64,048 


23,716 


.37 


647 








5,434 


5,852 


3,074 


.53 


106,876 


102,712 


54,101 


.53 


10 


10 


570 


54.52 


( 2 ) 


( z ) 


30,430^ 




(*) 


n 


27,185 




( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


4,089 




( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


16,251 




( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


8,452 




( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


7,799 




( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


6,845 




( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


3,245 




4,002 








1,333,921 


875,275 


801,394 


.92 




3,293 


5,006 


1.52 


■ 745 








285,941 


133,767 


30,855 


.23 


412,410 


288,015 


292,370 


1.02 


: 432,652 


361,797 


362,094 


1.00 


202,173 


88,403 


111,069 


1.26 


' 1,762,899 


1,309,842 


774,120 


': -59 


: 329,121 


256,664 


148,683 


: .58 


126,396 


131,457 


41,558 


.32 


: 159,131 


140,968 


73,165 


.52 


: 6,779 








: 152,352 


140,968 


73,165 


: -52 


: 182,521 


177,697 


92,643 


: -52 


: 13,064 








: 169,457 


177,697 


: 92,643 


: -52 


17,039 


7,418 


8,210 


: 1.11 


: 948,691 


: 595,638 


: 409,861 


. .69 


• 15,877 


• 10,720 


i 17,804 


': 1.66 


807 


; 758 


: 531 


: .70 


: 3,104 


2,888 


: - 11,808 


: 4.09 



Grand total 

Chelating agents, nitriloacids and salts, total 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid, penta- 

sodium salt 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid (EDTA) 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, calcium 

disodium salt 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, diammonium 

salt 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, manganese salt 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetrasodium 

salt 

(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo) triacetic acid, 

iron salt 

(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo) triacetic acid, 

trisodium salt 

All other; 

Chemical indicator s ' — 

Enzymes , total 

Hydro lytic enzymes, total 

Amylases 

Proteases , total 

Rennin 

All other proteases 

All other hydrolytic enzymes 

Non-hydrolytic enzymes- 

Flotation reagents 

Gasoline additives, total 3 

N,N'-Di-sec-butyl-p-phenylenediamine 

N ,N ' -Disalicy lidene- 1 , 2-pr opanediamine 

Ethylenedibromide 

Tetraethyl lead 

Tetra (methyl-ethyl) lead, (TEL-TML, reacted) 

All other gasoline additives 

Lubricating oil and grease additives, total 

Oil soluble petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt 

Oil soluble petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

Phenol salts, total 

Nonylphenol, barium salt 

All other 

Sulfur compounds, total 

Sulfurized lard oil 

All other sulfur compounds 

Zinc dialkyldithiophosphate 

All other lubricating oil and grease additives 

Paint driers, naphthenic acid salts, total 11 5 

Calcium naphthenate 

Cobalt naphthenate 



See footnotes at end of table. 



252 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 

TABLE I.— Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products: 

AND SALES, 1979— CONTINUED 



U.S. PRODUCTION 



MISCELLANEOUS END-USE CHEMICALS 
AND CHEMICAL PRODUCTS 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



Paint driers, naphthenic acid salts — Continued 

Lead naphthenate 

Manganese naphthenate 

Z inc naphthenate ■ 

All other 

Photographic chemicals 

Polymers for fibers, total 

Nylon 6 and 6/6 

Polyethylene terephthalate 

All other polymers for fiber 

Polymers, water soluble, total 

Cellulose ethers and esters 

Polyacrylamide 

Polyacrylic acid salts, total 

Sodium polyacrylate 

All other polyacrylic acid salts 

All other water soluble polymers 

Tanning materials, synthetic — -— — ~ 

Textile chemicals, other than surface-active agents 

Urea, total 

In feed compounds 

In liquid fertilizer 

In solid fertilizer 

In plastics 

All other 

All other miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chem- 
ical products 6 



1,000 
pounds 

6,445 

846 

1,907 

2,768 



1,000 
pounds 

4,004 
742 

1,709 
619 

2,737 

467,429 



2,150,196 
3,007,450 
1,566,991 

265,899 



247,742 
219,687 



150,403 
59,280 
30,397 
15,916 
14,481 
25,819 

61,274 
7,394 

11,948,058 



147,466 
48,827 



4,486 
32,878 



52,087 
3,576 



8,325,209 



387,318 
3,457,711 
7,279,096 

765,540 
58,393 



27,112 



317,937 
3,055,681 
4,637,871 

255,543 
58,177 



7,885 



1,000 
dollars 

2,737 

504 

1,338 



12,916 
261,660 



130,619 
131,041 



209,274 
49,099 



4,193 
49,562 



22,065 
2,504 



673,252 



21,642 
221,458 
405,426 

19,472 
5,254 



30,573 



Per 

pound 



$0.68 



.78 
1.43 



3.i 



1 Calculated from rounded figures. 
Not available. 

Statistics exclude production and sales of tricresyl phosphate. Statistics on tricresyl phosphate are given 
with the section on "Plasticizers." 

"■Quantities are given in the basis of solid naphthenate. 
Statistics exclude production and sales of copper naphthenate. Statistics for copper naphthenate are given 
in the section on "Pesticides and Related Products." 

Includes all other items listed in table 2 which are not individually publishable or publishable as groups. 



XIV -- MISCELLANEOUS END-USE CHEMICALS AND CHEMICAL PRODUCTS 



253 



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256 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



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XIV -- MISCELLANEOUS END-USE CHEMICALS AND CHEMICAL PRODUCTS 



257 



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258 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



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XIV -- MISCELLANEOUS END-USE CHEMICALS AMD CHEMICAL PRODUCTS 



259 



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260 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



TABLE 3.— Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products: 
of manufacturers, 1979 



Directory 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical pro- 
ducts to the U.S. International Trade Commission for 1979 are listed below in the order of their identification 
codes as used in table 2] 



Code 


Name of company : 


: Code 


Name of company 


ACN 


Allied Chemical Corp., Agricultural : 
Div. : 


: FRI 


Farmland Industries, Inc. 


ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. : 


: GAF 


GAF Corp. 


AGY 


Agway, Inc., Olean Nitrogen Complex : 


: GCC 


W. R. Grace 6. Co. 


AKS 


Arkansas Co., Inc. : 


: GFS 


G. Frederick Smith Chemical Co. 


ALC 


Alco Chemical Corp. : 


: GLY 


Glyco Chemicals, Inc. 


ALF 


Allied Chemical Corp., Fibers Div. : 


: GPI 


Goodpasture, Inc. 


ALL 


Alliance Chemical Corp. : 


: GRD 


W. R. Grace & Co., Polymers & Chemical 


ALX 


Alox Corp. : 




Div. 


APD 


Atlas Powder Co. Sub. of Tyler Corp. : 


: GYR 


Goodyear Tire 6. Rubber Co. 


ARM 


USS Agri-Chemicals Div. of U.S. Steel : 








Corp. : 


: HCC 


Hatco Chemical Corp. 






: HDG 


Hodag Chemical Corp. 


BAX 


Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc. : 


: HKY 


Hawkeye Chemical Co. 


BFG 


B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich : 


: HMP 


W. R. Grace & Co., Organic Chemicals Div. 




Chemical Group : 


: HN 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc. 


BKL 


Millmaster Onyx Group, Millmaster : 


: HPC 


Hercules, Inc. 




Chemical Co. Div. : 


: HST 


American Hoechst Corp., Industrial 


BKM 


Buckman Laboratories, Inc. : 




Chemicals Div. 


BNP 


Bison Nitrogen Products Co. : 


: HXL 


Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Specialty Chemicals 


BOR 


Borden, Inc., Borden Chemical Div. : 






BUK 


Buckeye Cellulose Corp. : 


: ICI 


ICI Americas, Inc., Chemical Specialties 
Co. 


CCA 


Interstab Chemicals, Inc. : 




CCW 


Cincinnati Milacron Chemicals, Inc. : 


: JFR 


George A. Jeffreys & Co., Inc. 


CEL 


Celanese Corp.: : 








Celanese Fibers Co. : 


: KCU 


Kennecott Minerals Co., Utah Copper Div. 




Celanese Polymer Specialties Co. : 






CFA 


Cooperative Farm Chemicals Association : 


: MAK 


MAK Chemical Corp. 


CFI 


CF Industries, Inc. : 


: MCI 


Mooney Chemicals, Inc. 


CGY 


Ciba-Geigy Corp. : 


: MIL 


Milliken & Co., Milliken Chemical Co. 


CHH 


CHR. Hansen's Laboratory, Inc. : 


: MLS 


Miles Laboratories, Inc., Industrial 


CHN 


N-ReN Corp., Cherokee Nitrogen Div. : 




Products Group 


CHP 


C. H. Patrick & Co., Inc. : 


: MMC 


MCB Manufacturing Chemists, Inc. 


CNC 


Columbia Nitrogen Corp. : 


: MON 


Monsanto Co. 


CRN 


CPC International, Inc., Amerchol Corp. : 


: MOR 


Marathon Morco, Co. 


CRT 


Crest Chemical Corp. : 


: MRK 


Merck & Co. , Inc. 






: MSC 


Mississippi Chemical Corp. 


DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. : 


: MYO 


Mayo Chemicals Co., Inc. 


DAN 


Dan River, Inc., Chemical Products Dept. : 






DCC 


Dow Corning Corp. : 






DLI 


Dawe's Laboratories, Ltd. # : 


: NIL 


NL Industries, Inc. 


DOL 


Castle & Cooke, Inc., Castle & Cooke : 
Foods, Hawaii Pineapple Div. ' 






DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. : 


: OMC 


Olin Corp. 


DUP 


E. I. DuPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. : 


: OMS 


E. R. Squibb & Sons, Inc. 






: ONX 


Onyx Chemical Co. 


EK 


Eastman Kodak Co.: : 


: ORO 


Chevron Chemical Co. 


EKT 


Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. : 






ELC 


Elco Corp., Sub. of Detrex Chemical : 


: PAR 


Pennzoil Co., Penreco Div. 




Industries, Inc. : 


: PAS 


Pennwalt Corp. 


ENJ 


Exxon Chemical Co. U.S.A. : 


: PFN 


Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc. 


ESA 


East Shore Chemical Co. : 


: PFZ 


Pfizer, Inc. 






: PIC 


Pierce Chemical Co. 


FER 


Ferro Corp., Keil Chemical Div. : 


: PLB 


P-L Biochemicals, Inc. 


FMT 


Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc. : 


: PLC 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 


FND 


Fiber Industries, Inc. '• 


: PMP 


Premier Malt Products, Inc. 


FRF 


Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., Firestone : 


: PPG 


PPG Industries, Inc. 




Synthetic Fibers Co. : 


: PTT 


Petro-Tex Chemical Corp. 



XIV -- MISCELLANEOUS END-USE CHEMICALS AND CHEMICAL PRODUCTS 

TABLE 3, --Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products: Directory 
of manufacturers, 1979— Continued 



261 



Name of company 



Name of company 



QCP 



RBC 

RH 

RFC 



SCP 
SFA 
SHC 
SHP 
SKP 



SIC 
SNI 



SOH 
SPD 



Quaker Chemical Corp. 



Fike Chemicals, Inc. 

Rohm & Haas Co. 

Millmaster Onyx Group, Refined Onyx 

Co. Div. 
R.S.A. Corp. 



Sandoz, Inc., Colors & Chemicals Div. 

Henkel Corp. 

Stauffer Chemical Co., Agricultural Div. 

Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 

Shepherd Chemical Co. 

Shakespeare Co., Monofilaments Div. 

Mobil Oil Corp., Mobil Chemical Co., 

Chemical Coatings Div. 
J.R. Simplot Co., Minerals & Chemical 

Div. 
Kaiser Aluminum & Chemicals Corp., Kaise 

Agricultural Chemicals Div. 
Vistron Corp. 
General Electric Co., Silicone Products 

Dept. 
Scientific Protein Laboratories, Inc. 



TER 
TER 
TNA 
TRI 
TRO 
TVA 



UCC 
UOC 



VLN 

WAY 

WBC 

WBG 
WLC 
WTC 
WYC 



Sherwin-Williams Co. 
Stauffer Chemical Co. 



SWS Silicones 



Terra Chemicals International, Inc. 

Terra Nitrogen, Inc. 

Ethyl Corp. 

Triad Chemical 

Troy Chemical Corp. 

Tennessee Valley Authority 

Texaco, Inc. 

Union Carbide Corp. 

Union Oil Co. of California, Union 

Chemicals Div. 
Uniroyal, Inc., Uniroyal Chemical Div. 

Valley Nitrogen Producers, Inc. 

Phillip A. Hunt Chemical Corp., Organic 

Chemical Div. 
Worthington Diagnostic Div. of 

Millipore Corp. 
White & Bagley Co. 
Agrico Chemical Co. 
Witco Chemical Corp. 
Wycon Chemical Co. 



Note. — Complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in Table 1 of the Appendix. The 
above codes identify those of the 133 reporting companies and company divisions for which permission to publish was 
not restricted. 



SECTION XV -- MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 263 

STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 
David B. Beck 



The term miscellaneous chemicals as it is used here comprises those 
synthetic organic products that are not included in the use groups covered 
by sections I - XIV of this report. They include products that are em- 
ployed in a great variety of uses. The number of chemicals used extensively 
for only one purpose is not large. Among the products covered are those 
used for refrigerants, aerosols, solvents, and a wide range of chemical 
intermediates . 

U.S. production of miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals in 1979 
amounted to 98.8 billion pounds, an increase of 7.2 percent over 1978. U.S. 
sales for 1979 totaled 39.7 billion pounds valued at $10.2 billion. Compared 
with 1978, sales quantity increased 2.0 percent, while sales value increased 
by 18.8 percent. Production of miscellaneous cyclic chemicals comprised 
only 2.3 percent of this section's total production. 

The group among miscellaneous acyclic chemicals with the greatest 
volume of production and sales is the halogenated hydrocarbons. Production 
of chlorinated hydrocarbons (not otherwise halogenated) , the largest segment 
of this group, increased from 23.6 billion pounds in 1978 to 24.8 billion 
pounds in 1979, or by 5.0 percent. However, sales of chlorinated hydro- 
carbons declined from 9.1 billion pounds in 1978 to 8.6 billion pounds in 
1979, or by 6.3 percent. Production of fluorinated hydrocarbons declined 
for the third consecutive year, falling from 914.9 million pounds in 1978 
to 873.5 million pounds in 1979, or by 4.5 percent. This segment of the 
halogenated hydrocarbons industry is expected to continue its decline 
because of Federal regulations limiting the use of certain fluorinated 
hydrocarbons . 



XV -- MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 265 

TABLE l.~ Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1979 

[Listed below are all miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals for which any reported data on production or 
sales may be published. (Leaders (...) are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may 
not be published or where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists all miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chem- 
icals for which data on production and/or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 



PRODUCTION 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



Grand total- 



Total- 



Benzoic acid, sodium salt 

Benzoyl peroxide 

Benzyl alcohol 

tert-Butyl peroxybenzoate 

Caprolactam 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol (BHT) : 

Food grade 

Tech. grade 

Hexamethylenetetramine, tech. grade 

Maleic anhydride 

a-Pinene 

g-Pinene ■ 

Tall oil, chemically modified 

Tall oil salts 

All other miscellaneous cyclic chemicals- 

ACYCLIC 



NITROGENOUS COMPOUNDS 



Total 



Amides, total 

Acrylamide 

Erucamide 

All other amides- 



Amines, total 

Butylamines, total 

n-Butylamine, mono- — 

Di-n-butylamine 

Tri-n-butylamine 

All other butylamines- 

Dipropylamine 

Ethylamines , total 

Diethylamine 

Monoethylamine 

Triethylamine 

Isopropylamine, mono- — 
All other 



2-Dimethylaminoethanol (N,N-Dimethylethanol- 
amine) 



Dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate- 
See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



i, 776, 832 



1,000 
pounds 

39,695,586 



1,000 
dollars 



10,196,399 



2,315,591 



16,133 

8,872 

7,512 

3,578 

945,395 

9,269 

13,051 

94,378 

323,226 

100,229 

47,388 

2,274 

7,223 

737,063 



96,461,241 



8,173,; 



310,896 



66,157 
5,386 
239,353 

1,600,907 



63,226 
5,730 
5,212 

52,284 

61,357 
14,386 
34,159 
12,812 
39,494 
1,436,830 



2,202 



1,130,391 



887,632 



15,372 
8,560 
7,740 
3,993 



8,838 

12,368 

46,116 

220,547 

4,785 

6,874 
795,198 



38,565,195 



8,440 

22,154 

6,877 

8,083 



11,576 
13,207 
14,319 
80,049 

1,350 

6,191 
715,386 



9,308,767 



2,370,614 



143,078 



92,030 



5,276 

137,802 



432,154 



9,968 
82,062 



262,363 



55,698 

4,203 

4,148 

1,242 

46,105 

38,815 

5,799 
34,140 

36,243 
261,459 



7,188 
1,728 



31,188 

2,441 

2,795 

1,097 

24,855 

25,368 

3,685 
14,872 

13,530 

173,720 



5,353 
2,884 



Per 

pound 



$0.26 



.79 



.55 
2.59 

.89 
2.02 



1.31 

1.07 

.31 

.36 

.28 

.90 
.90 



1.89 
.60 



.56 

.58 
.67 
.88 
.54 
.65 

.64 
.44 

.37 
.66 



.74 
1.67 



266 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



TABLE 1.— Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: 

AND SALES, 1979--CONTINUED 



U.S. PRODUCTION 



MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 



ACYCLIC— Continued 

NITROGENOUS COMPOUNDS— Continued 



Ethanolamines, total 

2,2' -Aminodiethanol (Diethanolamine) 

2-Aminoethanol (Monoethanolamine) 

2, 2', 2' '-Nitrilotriethanol (Triethanolamine)- 

Hexamethylene diamine adipate (Nylon salt) 



2,2'- (Me thylamino ) diethanol (Methyldiethanol- 
amine) 



Nitriles , total 

Aery lonit rile 

2-Methyllactonitrile (Acetone cyanohydrin)- 
Nitriles, all other 



All other nitrogenous compounds 

ACIDS, ACYL HALIDES, AND ANHYDRIDES 



Total- 



Acetic acid, 100% 

Acetic anhydride, 100% 

Acrylic acid 

Dodecenylsuccinic anhydride 

Fumaric acid 

Propionic acid 

All other acids, acyl halides, and anhydrides- 



SALTS OF ORGANIC ACIDS 



Total- 



Acetic acid salts, t 

Barium acetate 

Potassium acetate- 
Sodium acetate- 

Zinc acetate 

All other 



2-Ethylhexanoic acid (a-Ethylcaproic acid) 

salts, total 

Calcium 2-ethylhexanoate 

Cobalt 2-ethylhexanoate 

Lead 2-ethylhexanoate 

Manganese 2-ethylhexanoate 

Nickel 2-ethylhexanoate 

Zinc 2-ethylhexanoate 

Zirconium 2-ethylhexanoate 

All other 



Maleic acid salts 

Neodecanoic acid, calcium salt- 
Oxalic acid salts 



1,000 



135,345 
154,443 
130,352 

997,336 



4,072,549 



2,017,761 

651,742 

1,403,046 



8,660,104 



3,265,109 

608,003 

1,934 

50,878 

111,377 

4,622,803 



30,166 



1,277 

24,304 

473 

4,112 



16,550 



2,357 
3,759 
1,816 
1,292 

917 
2,990 
3,419 

681 

86 

205 



QUANTITY 



1,000 



118,221 
133,090 
117,610 



1,991 

999,921 



918,597 

81,324 

415,633 

1,559,452 



573,636 

123,878 

56,498 

1,293 

40,285 

74,305 

689,557 



303,963 



29,855 



67 

2,337 

22,978 

474 

3,999 



15,214 



2,356 
3,139 
1,733 
1,264 
476 
886 
2,753 
2,607 

679 

70 

200 



1,000 
dollars 



45,272 
67,163 
45,481 



1,659 
242,604 



218,717 

23,887 

201,009 

540,952 



92,548 
29,543 
19,975 
933 
18,819 
14,016 
365,118 



190,284 



16,402 



146 
1,352 

8,654 

555 

5,695 



30,353 



1,818 

15,215 

1,411 

1,019 

747 

694 

4,602 

4,847 

3,156 

97 

429 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



Per 

pound 



.38 
.50 
.39 



.16 

.24 
.35 
.72 
.47 
.19 
.53 



.63 



■ 55 

2.17 

.58 

.38 

1.17 

1.42 



2.00 



.77 
4.85 

.81 

.81 
1.57 

.78 
1.67 



4.65 
1.37 
2.15 



See footnotes at end of table. 



XV 



MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 



267 



TABLE I.-- Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: 

AND SALES, 1979— CONTINUED 



U.S. PRODUCTION 



MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 



ACYCLIC — Continued 

SALTS OF ORGANIC ACIDS— Continued 



Stearic acid salts, total 

Aluminum distearate 

Aluminum mono- and trlstearates- 

Barium stearate 

Calcium stearate 

Lead stearate 

Magnesium stearate 

Zinc stearate 

All other 



Xanthic acid salts 

All other salts of organic acids- 



Total- 



Butyr aldehyde 

Formaldehyde (37% by weight)- 

Isobutyraldehyde ■ 

All other 



Total- 



Acetone: 

From cumene 

From isopropyl alcohol 

2-Butanone (Methyl ethyl ketone) 

4-Hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone (Diacetone 

alcohol) 

4-Methyl-2-pentanone (Methyl isobutyl ketone) 

4-Methyl-3-penten-2-one (Mesityl oxide) 

All other 



ALCOHOLS, MONOHYDRIC, UNSUBSTITUTED 



Total- 



Alcohols, Cn or lower, unmixed, total 

Butyl alcohols: 

n- Butyl alcohol (n-Propylcarbinol) — 
Isobutyl alcohol (Isopropylcarbinol)- 

Ethyl alcohol, synthetic 1 " 

2-Ethyl-l-hexanol 

n-Hexyl alcohol 

Isopropyl alcohol 

Methanol , synthetic 

Propyl alcohol (Propanol) 

All other 



Alcohols, C12 and higher, unmixed- 
Mixtures of alcohols 



PRODUCTION 



1,000 



90,799 



1,613 

2,039 

595 

53,120 
1,076 
6,553 

23,752 
2,051 

9,918 

198,683 



8,989,028 



950,646 
5,971,112 

393,318 
1,673,952 



3,829,945 



1,724,557 
928,002 
656,164 



190,027 

21.744 

309,451 



14,437,929 



766,497 

143,050 
,408,464 

317,570 

44,212 

,900,376 

,367,404 

187,520 
,302,836 

169,208 
885,417 



QUANTITY 



1,000 



88,677 



1,611 

1,962 

593 

51,995 
1,076 
6,894 

22,519 
2,027 



169,268 



2,371,427 



87,002 

1,866,319 

9,661 

408,445 



2,798,454 



1,155,707 
612,076 
685,653 

44,598 

189,422 

8,540 

102,458 



7,809,018 



445,501 

117,898 

1,212,395 

183,237 

23,071 

1,194,696 

3,710,003 

150,086 

772,131 

72,881 
460,435 



1,000 
dollars 



64,127 



1,734 

1,811 

530 

32,443 
1,094 
5,361 

18,216 
2,938 



75,720 



240,864 



15,468 

123,609 

1,468 

100,319 



547,292 



181,045 
104,094 
148,605 

14,442 

55,624 

2,938 

40,544 



1,282,733 



1,033,541 



94,812 

19,438 
226,971 

42,675 

7,676 

201,643 

256,994 

38,296 
145,036 

34,796 
214,396 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



Per 

pound 



See footnotes at end of table. 



268 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



TABLE 1,— Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production 
and sales, 1979— Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



ACYCLIC — Continued 

ESTERS OF MONOHYDRIC ALCOHOLS 



Total- 



Allyl methacrylate 

n-Butyl acetate 

Butyl acrylate 

tert-Butyl peroxypivalate 

Dibutylmaleate 

Di(2-ethyl-l-hexyl) maleate 

Dilauryl-3 , 3 ' -thiodipropionate- 

Ethyl acetate (85%) 

Ethyl acrylate 

2-Ethyl-l-hexyl acrylate 



Fatty acid esters, not included with plasticizers 

or surface-active agents, total 

Methyl esters of tallow 

All other 



Isobutyl acetate 

Methyl methacrylate 

Phosphorus acid esters, not elsewhere specified- 

Propyl acetate 

Vinyl acetate 

All other 



POLYHYDRIC ALCOHOLS 



Total 3 



Ethylene glycol 

Glycerol, synthetic only- 

Pentaerythritol 

Propylene glycol 

Sorbitol (70% by weight)- 
All other 



POLYHYDRIC ALCOHOL ESTERS 



POLYHYDRIC ALCOHOL ETHERS 



Total- 



2-Butoxyethanol 

2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol 

monobutyl ether) 

2-[2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene 

glycol monobutyl ether) 

Diethylene glycol 

Dipropylene glycol 

2-Ethoxyethanol 6 

2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol 

monoethyl ether) 

2- [2- (2-Ethoxyethoxy ) ethoxy ] ethanol (Triethylene 

glycol monoethyl ether) 



1,000 
pounds 



4,895,130 



1,461 

138,802 

297,533 

2,094 

5,186 

409 

2,597 

262,377 

315,980 

67,724 



26,933 



1,060 
25,873 



930,873 

134,830 

50,931 

1,982,114 

675,286 



6,283,947 



4,728,572 
149,884 
114,650 
610,341 
255,927 
424,573 



218,987 

42,562 

9,955 

393,415 

57,830 

248,058 

34,092 

24,269 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
do I lavs 



901,693 



119,213 

157,006 

2,089 

5,373 

2,584 

155,558 

147,727 

57,986 



35,065 

60,064 

7,777 

2,473 

3,319 

28,854 
49,862 
26,173 



1,058 
25,042 

48,322 

277,626 

115,219 

50,990 

1,089,843 

439,018 



4,538,073 



512 
17,833 

12,494 

113,212 

99,470 

14,703 

235,595 

194,287 



1,175,244 



3,348,230 
133,468 
116,675 
582,408 
149,372 
207,920 



138,141 



739,802 
59,648 
55,036 

154,084 
62,934 

103,740 



72,004 



1,493,716 



486,007 



208,104 
36,633 



290,987 

61,592 

122,217 

33,324 



67,767 
12,687 



65,419 
15,382 
36,997 



Per 
pound 



.29 

.38 

3.72 

.46 

1.28 
.19 
.34 
.45 



.26 

.41 



See footnotes at end of table. 



XV -- MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 



269 



TABLE 1,— Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: 
and sales, 1979— Continued 



U.S. production 



MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 



PRODUCTION 



QUANTITY 



ACYCLIC— Continued 

POLYHYDRIC ALCOHOL ETHERS— Continued 

2-Methoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether) 
2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol mono- 
methyl ether) 

2- [ 2- (2-Methoxyethoxy) ethoxy ] ethanol (Triethylene 

glycol monomethyl ether) 

Polyethylene glycol 

Polypropylene glycol 

Tetraethylene glycol 

Triethylene glycol 

All other 

HALOGENATED HYDROCARBONS 

Total 

Chlorinated hydrocarbons, total 

Carbon tetrachloride 

Chlorinated paraffins (Ci -C 30 ): 

35%-64% chlorine 

65% or more chlorine 

Chloroethane (Ethyl chloride) 

Chloroform 

Chloromethane (Methyl chloride) 

1,2-Dichloroethane (Ethylene dichloride) 

Dichloromethane (Methylene chloride) 

1, 2-Dichloropropane (Propylene dichloride) — 

Tetrachloroethylene (Perchloroethylene) 

1,1,1-Trichloroethane (Methyl chloroform) 

Trichloroethylene - 

Vinyl chloride, monomer (Chloroethylene) 

All other chlorinated hydrocarbons 

Fluorinated hydrocarbons, total 

Chlorodif luoromethane (F-22) 

Dichlorodif luorome thane (F-12) 

Trichlorof luoromethane (F-ll) 

All other fluorinated hydrocarbons 

All other halogenated hydrocarbons 

ALL OTHER MISCELLANEOUS ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 

Total 

2-Butanone peroxide 

tert-Butyl hydroperoxide 

tert-Butyl peroxide (Di-tert-butyl peroxide) 

Carbon disulfide 

Epoxides, ethers, and acetals, total 

Ethylene oxide 

Propylene oxide 

All other epoxides, ethers, and acetals 

Pine oil, synthetic 

Phosgene (Carbonyl chloride) 

Silicone fluids 



1,000 

pounds 



20,372 

31,759 
89,629 
24,787 
23,328 
130,756 
457,798 



24,829,983 



714,461 

91,400 

21,552 

581,915 

356,039 

462,829 

11,794,129 

633,248 

69,823 

773,029 

716,336 

319,432 

6,388,833 

1,906.957 

873,480 



210,665 
293,916 
167,135 
201,764 



37,719,656 



8,533 



17,704 
448,023 



8,542,127 



5,665,368 

2,248,793 

627,966 

48,187 

1,193,760 

219,635 



1,000 
pounds 



104,479 
17,683 



82,364 

21,899 

20,664 

112,022 

381,748 



9,228,634 



1,000 
dollars 



28,756 
5,674 



34,502 

8,577 

7,749 

36,702 

156,515 



1,824,( 



8,560,420 



1,430,627 



350,844 

92,085 
14,950 
179,869 
337,855 
224,802 
1,395,844 
595,796 

643,222 
475,199 
292,059 
3,788,398 
169,497 



40,023 

27,976 

6,662 

30,103 

62,568 

33,918 

151,197 

116,727 

73,323 
70,887 
34,806 
728,132 
54,305 



143,322 
268,889 
130,500 



125,503 



2,725,733 



116,911 

125,977 

49,566 



1,081,208 



8,867 

592 

18,396 

390,594 



13,778 

867 

15,816 

34,181 

493,795 



560,127 
1,218,386 

50,566 

7.520 
74,990 



151,247 

342,548 

17,338 

1,610 

147,209 



footnotes at end of table. 



270 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



TABLE 1. —Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production 
and sales, 1979—Continued 



MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 



PRODUCTION 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



ACYCLIC^-Continued 

ALL OTHER MISCELLANEOUS ACYCLIC CHEMICALS— Continued 



Sodium methoxide (Sodium methylate) 

All other miscellaneous acyclic chemicals- 
Mixtures not specifically itemized 



1,000 
pounds 

9,267 

27,002,820 

229,600 



1,000 
ppunds 

8,486 
169,029 
218,180 



1,000 
dollars 

7,208 

268,602 

80,804 



Per 
pound 



$0.85 

1.59 

.37 



'Calculated from rounded figures. 

Statistics exclude production and sales of fatty amines. Statistics on fatty amines are included in the sec- 
tion "Surface-Active Agents." 

Statistics exclude production and sales of potassium and sodium stearates. Statistics on these stearates are 
included in the section "Surface-Active Agents." 

''Statistics on production of ethyl alcohol from natural sources by fermentation are issued by the Department of 
the Treasury, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms. 

5 Some polyols which are used as intermediates for urethanes have been included in the section "Plastics and 
Resin Materials." 

6 The 1978 production has been corrected to 254,749,000 pounds. 



XV -- MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC 



ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 



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272 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



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296 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



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ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 



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293 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



Z iJ 

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XV - MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 



299 















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H O 


























1 H 1 
1 VI 19 1 




1-4 
H 

3 








M 












O - 

E O 
O E 

o 


1 U H 1 


























a a 

1 D« 1 

H O 
1 O O i 




O H 
3 VI 








3 

O 

a 












O s 

o « 


<t u 


























1 U. t | 

3 ^ 
1 X 1 




O 19 

X B. 
VI 0. 








►a 
u 
o 


H H 
VI VI 
3 3 










o - 

O Pi 

•9 3 

p 


1 S 






























U V) hs 


i-q 






O 3 


HriU 


o 




O 3 - 








H 






X X <s 


V) rt O 


X 




o o t 






O P. 3 


3 






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o 


3 E 3 


VI 




a a a 






H « U *J U 


►J i-q U 


i-43 33«b.U32;3V]3 


ij x a 


•• x r> 


>* 


3s b. VI Pi 






N E H H H 


H EH «t 


MO 003«<i=<0>0rt 


OC.S1 


< H X 


A 


3 < < Es 






<h3U 3 


3 3 «t 


EHO QOO-OrtClMCim 


E W P. 


oau 


u 


q o n «< 






1 1 1 


1 1 


1 1 1 


^ O 


1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 






1 






1 1 






1 1 1 


1 01 1 


1 1 1 


H <-> H 


1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 


















1 1 1 


X 
1 1 


II HI 


H Pi 
E 01 O 


1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 






I 






1 1 










9. 


w j3 in 




















a «■« I I 


1 3s 1 


II -SI 


-P H 


1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 






1 












Ed 01 


X 


m h 


11 II o 




















D TJ 1 1 


1 O 1 


II O 1 


H M 


1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 


















S3 rl 


H 


01 01 9. 


9.H O 




















H X 1 1 


1 01 1 


C C HI 


A 9.H 


1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 


















H 


Pi 


a > oi 


-P X A 




















IS M 1 1 


1 1 


X X 1 


01 +> O 


1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 


















O 91 


H 


01 0) H 


O 01 H 




















O ft 1 1 
1 


1 9, 1 



X £ 9, 1 
rs rs H 


H -H Q 
-0 w 


1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 






' 






OJ 
1 X 

•p 






1 H 1 1 


1 C 1 


5- =s HI 


H 


1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 






1 










en 9. 


a 


XX <t 


X H 














V) 




►J +> 1 1 


1 X 1 


O O ~ 1 


U H 


1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 


















<! 3 


01 


H H 


■H H 01 


















o 


o J3 1 1 


1 X 1 


01 01 1 


O X X 


1 1 H 1 1 1 1 1 1 




1 o 


1 








1 u 


1 w 


H 1 


i 


Pi Pi 01 


w o +> 


01 




fi 






H 






a +> i i 


i *- i 


H H ■• C 1 


■h ai 


1 1 X 1 1 1 1 1 1 




i tf 


1 




01 


1 i to 


i e 


1 z 


W M 




3s 3s W (« 


o « 


+> 




Oi 




01 A 






SB HI 1 1 


i r-i i 


+> +> rf CH 1 


01 ^ H 


1 1 01 1 1 1 1 1 1 




1 o 


1 


c +» 




1 x 
o 


1 H 


O -P 


9. 


3 3 >* O 


C > 


M M 




M 






01 




1 E3 


1 1 1 


i x i 


ja ja H w i 


it X 


1 1 H 1 01 01 1 1 1 




1 Pi 


1 


X 




1 1 H 


i ° 


U -rl 


■p 


1 1 H Pi 


X W -P 


>, X X H 




1 




■p 


H 




VI 
1 3 

O 
1 U 

1 <t 

►J 

1 1-3 


1 u 


M Q 1 1 


1 01 1 


•P -P U 9. 1 


-P 01 01 


1 1 +> 1 +> -P 01 1 1 






1 


01 


9i 




1 1 


hJ ^ 


I 


M H rt X 


01 X H 


3 01 01 X 


01 


1 




E a 


0J 




U 1 1 


1 N 1 


01 01 1 


6 +> >. 


1 1 A 1 +> 1 1 


1 +> 1 


1 3s 


1 


9i -P 




. u 


fH 




4-> +> Q p. 


** 01 X 


1 H H 01 


• 3 


X 




X 


01 






CJ 1 1 


1 10 1 


w w X 01 1 


9,^ +• 


1 1 C 1 9, >. II 


Pi H • 


1 o 


1 





E 


w 1 


1 rs 


< at 


H H 


•rl rl «* 1 


X H 01 


1 M C X H 


• O X 


H Pi 




X 


■H 


01 - 


1 u 


T3 1 1 


A 1 


-a TJ tn I 


>, 6 


1 1 H 01 H +> 9. 1 1 


VI w o 


01 U 


1 


-p 


Q 


£ 1 IA 


1 !" 


W -H 01 


C 1 


1 1 » » 


X X 1 


Q X > 0) X C 


■ a oi 


X 1 


W 


OJ 




P Of H 


1 U 


P x a) tj 


a m i 


in to v) n I 


+>+>>- 


1 01 " -P 6 -P rl 01 


3 It -p 


-p ro 


01 


E 




01 TJ 0) 


1 U 

VI 


1 <! 


O O TJ -rl 


Pi - 


« • Pi I 


01 01 1 


TJ QJ H OJ M TJ 




01 » 


X 


■H 




•rl X 




W H H K 


« 1 


W N W ^ 


o 


-^ H 9. H H "B rl 




C4 


+> 


a 


U 


H X -P 




^ 0)>H 


H 1 


IIS>. 


HHH 


HXMHX9.TJ9.X 


W M H 


H s^ 


01 




01 


9i O 01 


e 




< AH M 


PiH 1 


H H EH X 1 


O O 


<UOOI9.'PXOXO 


01 01 OJ 


9i 






X 


A 




J 3 01 


O 2s 


9. 9. Id 


•H M ,-\ 


X X C 01 +> 4» O 


XXX 


C 


H 




■P 


rl OJ * 






►J H W P* 


e a i 


AX H 


XXX 


UOI-P'rIOOIPiMOJ 


+J -p +> 


■H H 


9» H 


0J 


> C U) 








o +> 


+> +> - 9, n u U o 


«C « > HE « C 


01 01 01 


> O 


Pi 


ro 










CJ -P TJ H 


U (U 1 


01 01 V] H 01 I 1 1 


al o o u h ai 




■O 





H 


H 


HH1] 






w 3 3s J3i G 


E E U H X <*> <» ** 


HHHHH M MXH 


HHH 


H H 


M 


9i 


9* 


9i 9s -rl 






M (Q fi 


■rl H 1 


■H 'ri Q < 4J w w w 


>,9.9.9iXO0IO9, 


9. 9< 9. 


9. O 


Pi.C « 


X Pi X 






a i o c 


o Q a 


Q Q H w a 


nun 


a+)+>+)OH ErIX 


X X X X 9, 





•P 


-H 


■POO 






■P •£) C0 


1 1 c 


1 1 X 1 


■H H H 


3 3 3 1 X H Pi-P 


■p -p +J 


■P H 




(I) 


Ot 








Pi M N 


mini 


UlUIOi- 




nndNUAUH 


WWW 


M 19 


H 


E 


E 


E Pi W 






Kl CI 




. . p. 




* 


















35 -P O Q 


M M 


HHH 






















H * * 




■K 






















O 


























* 























300 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



Z 1-3 

o « 

H rt 

H H 

t 

U Z 



OS Z 

W H 

Pi Q 

3 U 

H O 

o u 

« o 

3 w 



E £ £ J E 5 ? w w w w h w www a 

E B.0.X » 3 0, Eh H H H En H En En £ < 

iisi iHtttiasizgi ggggigsgglis i'ii 



H I 01 I 



H Pk 

a h 

w p 

33 O 



•a ~ i 

01 01 

•H -P I 

fl H 

•H >H I 



•rt 13 I 
6 O 01 
01 W "O 



o o ■f a i 



|J M 
►J O 



H 01 -H 
•H "O TJ •• 
OS, W 



i >. in 

s J5 Q 

: +> z 

> 01 3 

i e o i 

i -H p, , 

I O E 



■H U JS O H 
"O H 3 

o e e xi & 



I aw 
E a 

I O Z 



C C H 01 -H n e -H 3 



WHOMS. O-Ort 
M<MrtHMM«0 

S t> a) bi +> rt x o 



EC fc< 



01 01 01 H 

01 C -0 C 

c rc <s ni o 

oi c -p +> o 



+> 

M 01 ' 

01 O i 



■O E 

I -H 3 ■ 

i X z 



». O H ■-) O +> 



^SSCQCGIECCex 



C 3 3 E E 
•H H i-{ 3 3 

e « a c c 

M p 2 r4 r* -rt -A 

E H H &. », E e 
3 ffi A 4-> +> 3 3 
►J p-l H 3 3 H H 
<»>>.£A III 
I J= X O O H r-l 

+> w in >, 3, 
01 H -H JS jC 
■H -H -rt +> +> 



H 3 H H E 



OHX 
M 3, -P 



:-P4>ispiqqquwheeh 



». a 3 z 

+> H r-1 O 

3 >, a a 

■a si i o 

o +> o n 

in oi c i 

•H E « O 

•H -ri en z 

H U H -X 

E* E-i O O 



3 .H 
H &..O 

+> 

C 01 c 

o e a 

M H 01 
OHM 
O Eh O 



XV -- MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 



301 



X rl 

o a 

H rt 

H H 



H E-I 

X H 



W O 

Pi X 

W H 

CS P 

3 at 

H o 

o o 

rt U 

k, 4 

3 w 



»»B SSS SSSS8S8SSSS88S8S5 JS8, 

EES S5h Q d Q CI « 3 3 3 CI = <=><=> Q 3 3 PS XDOO 



I a 
M 
Ph h 
O h 
Pn H 



3 * ■ 
H +> i 
X rl i 
H H 
H H ■ 
J 9> 
I -P 
O 3 
X m 
« I 
a c 



n t/i 

■a o 

C X 

3 3 

o o 

CU P. 

e e 
o o 

• o U 

I 

4 e e 
: 3 3 

' -H H 
4 X W 



in H < 

•O -H r 

.01 C M -i 

(t) TJ 3 " O I 

■o -H o w w : 

■rl H Pi o o : 

6 O 6 X H I 

OH O 3 J3 J 

M J! O O O 1 

St O P. -rl i 
SEW 

e g 3 o +> • 

3 3 H O H 

■rl-H n 9.- 

ui u til K Pi' 

01 a) c o o 

. C C tn O M 

; !« » < H ft 

i in a b i-? o 
: E 6 i h w 
: h h o i/i o 

9. 9. C 1 H 

> .e ,e «ox 
: +> +> bi x o 

! t (I HI I 

) E E o a d 



1 1 1 
1 1 1 


i i 

01 1 1 




C 


1 1 1 


a i i 




X 


1 1 1 


1 1 




H 


1 1 1 


■rl 1 1 


1 1 1 


■rl 1 1 




N 




+> 1 1 




H 


i i a 


9, 1 1 


c 


a 


1 1 (II 


p i i 



c i h e i i 
a in 9. 

H 01 9> H I I 



9.H X 

X -rl P *> I 

o in ai c 

9. E « 1 



I P X .. 
I 01 H 11 01 I 
I E J3 P C C 
I -H P H 01 O I 
I N 01 9.H O 
>. P B P. -rl -rl I 
i tH -H o U H 
I >.N N >i'H I 
> P. +> Pi X 10 1/ 
H O rH 9. O "C 

s M 9. X X HI ••■ 



I I 
I I 
I I 

r» I I 

e 

■rl I I 

p 

9. I I 

X 

O I I 

ss 
+> I I 

01 

E I I 
H 

9< I I 
P 

13 11 

A 
I -rl I I 

P 
I — • I 



H H is a o 



Xt P. 9, X o 



i o o 

I H H 



•o o o w n) oi 
•h +> a p >. c 

O Pi.fi H X O 



15 H E +> i-l H 

i oi t oi o -H 

a e a e p. w 



o O 01 -i-i 
H H M -H 10 



r-l H H P O 
■C J3 .C H C 



H E-i E* > O 



•■ H O H 
I/] X O H 

p o in o 

X ~ H r-l 
3 C w A 

o H in o 

p. P -rl -rl 
E H .Q T> 
O 9. 

p e e 

3 -H -rl 

x a +> +> 

H -H H H 

H H 9. 9. 

1 P P 4» 
O w 3 3 
X tn J3 -O 
rt -H H 'H 

o oa P P 



01 | 01 01 10 

•H I -H rl C 

X H H 3 

0) O O O 
J3 -3 H 3 Oi 
4> * Ji r* E 

01 X O 4H O 

so o 

c c 
c c -h h a 

■H -H P P -H 

p P H H P 
H iH 9. 9. I 

9. 9.P P O 

P P 3 3 C 

3 3 J3 J3 

fl X -H -H » 

•rl rl H H H 

p P E-i H O 



302 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



















H 


























U 


oi 






a 
















ft, 


z 


to 






o. 
















3 




3 






















a 


CJ 

E 


o 






N 
tv 
















0, 


E 


o 






0. • 


i to 

Id 

i a 

o 

1 o 














3 
O 


. 


3 






O 

- o 
















X 








a: 3 
















u 


X 






»• 














X 


i: 


X 






o. • 


U 

h3 

n 
< 

Eh 












< 




Eh 






a 


1 Z 
o 

1 H 

EH 
1 «* 






3 






a 

X 

a 


CJ 
CJ 

•3 


0, 
X 
CO 






- X 
H > 
O 
X - 


O 
1 H 

ft, 
1 H 

Eh 


H 

EH 

to 






O 

u 

3 






to 
o 


H 
O 
H 


CO 
CO 






- z 

EH Eh 

ft! 

E - 

ft. 


1 X 
U 

i a 

H 


H 
1-1 






O 

3 






o 


E 


^ 






z to 
o 


O 
H 






Pj 






o 


X 


u 
o 






E - 

to 


i to 

« 
1 u 


IS 
H 






(9 






►H 


X 


> 






JJ « 






Bi 
P. 






CJ 

u 


X 


0. 






CJ X 
•5 OS 


1 3 

Eh 

1 O 


P 






O E 






a 


1-1 


X 


X 




H ^ 


U 
O 






E CJ 

o to 






< 


cs 


0. 


X 




CJ w 
H w 


1 h, 

a 

1 X 
1 E 


< 






« H 
O CJ 


>H C 


(Si 


ft. 




>; 




o 
» > 

1-3 ft, 
w 








E Z 


< £ 


< 










u - 










3 C 






to 


J 




ft, 


















EH 


"t 


Eh 




- E 










< 0. * 






a 


u 


0. 


3 




3 ft. 










W 3 ft) 


IC K 


1-3 


to 








o 










H Q O 


K 


to 

X 


< 


^ 


o 

E 


O 




CJ - 
U 








- h3 










H CJ CO N 0. 2 




1-3 CJ 


tu 


o 


3 




X ft. 










x cn cj « e o 


« < 


H < 










i^ 










E to < rt ft. o 


a a 


3 « 










< 










1 III 






1 1 








Jl 


1 










I r« I I I 
C 






1 1 








O 

01 


1 










1 cd I I i 






1 1 








a 


1 










+> 
























Q 


1 0. 1 1 1 
























W 

















+> 










£3 


1 O 1 1 1 






1 1 


















z 


M 














c 










M 


1 CI 1 1 1 






I | 
















H 


6 
























Z 


1 III 






1 01 








H 


1 










H 






Si 








eg 










1 


1 >• 1 1 1 

1 -M 1 1 1 






1 -p 



1 








u 

•H 
E 


1 
1 


CO 

1 J 




o 


►J 
< 
CJ 


01 

i e i i i 
o 

1 M 1 1 1 




a 

i +> 

CD 
1 H 
01 »■ 

+> si 
a +> 

r-t 01 


H 

1 i-l 
IS 








OJ 
O 


1 


1 o 

H 

1 E 

U 

1 X 

o 




w 
3 

z 

M 
H 
Z 


2 

w 
s 




i ■ — i lit 

1 O ~ 1 1 


01 

+> 


I n 

H 
1 IS 






W 




H 


1 




u 


w 01 

I 01 tj i i 


H-t 


X 




1 -H 






H 
E 


>. 




to 
1 s 

o 
1 u 

S5 

1 « 

►J 




cj 


u 


0. H 
1 " H | | 


H 

3 


o e 

•H 3 


a 

1 01 






H 


to 


| 






l-J 


o 




H -H 


si 






H 












1 H 1 1 


■H 


3 -O 


1 o 








3 
O 
01 

c 








|H CO 


iH jS 


ja 


to 














•J 


cj a 
< Z 


1 O O 1 1 
•H O 


01 


<0 

01 w 


1 o 

•H 








1 








1 .G H H 1 


■a 


■O 


1 H 










u 

1 o 

VI 
1 H 

E 




>< 


CO o 


+>»■+> 


:>, 


». 


01 >i 






o 








< 


o p- 


1 01 C 01 1 


X 


X 01 


■d O 






H 








o s 


£3 JS 01 


01 


oi -a 


H 10 






fc. 










w o 


i a st +> -o 


-a 


>a H 


X 






H 










s cj 


U X M C -H 


H 


H X 


1/1 






CJ 










<! 


C +> (8 », X 


CD 


(0 o 


H 3 






U 




3 








►J cj 


-H 01 O W O 


E 


e a 


01 O 






ft- 


E 








hJ z 


N E ~ * 




H +> 


0. 01 






to 












W M 


HO - +> 


O 


O 01 


c 








MH 










CJ S] 


N M 01 H 01 
X O C H 


•H 


•h e 


H id 

».H 






Eh 
O 





!>. 








H O 


•CHIOS 


e 


6 e 


C H 






z 










a 55 


01 X BI 3 


3 


3 3 


H 01 








01 H 








«s 


•H O W 01 -rl 




H -H 


o o 






CO 












05 O 


a u o c -a 


■o 


■3 ■» 








w 


3 










W Bi 


01 JS h o 





o o 


3 -H 






Bi 


+> ~H 








x o 


B. 0. 0. 10 


to 


to to 


10 E 






3 


X 










Eh 






■K 








Eh 


H 










O 














X 


E 










* 














H 







XV -- MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 
TABLE 3.— Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: Directory 

OF MANUFACTURERS, 1979 



303 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals to the 
U.S. International Trade Commission for 1979 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used 
in table 2] 



Name of company 



Name of company 



AAC 
ABB 
ACS 

ACY 

ADC 
AGC 
AIP 
ALB 
ALD 
ALF 
ALM 
ALX 
AMB 
AMO 
AMR 
ARA 

ARC 
ARS 
ARZ 
ASL 
ATL 
ATR 
AZT 



BAS 
BCC 
BFG 

BKC 
BKL 

BOR 
BRD 
BUK 



CAD 
CAU 
CBD 
CBY 
CCA 
CCH 
CCL 

ccw 

CEL 



CGY 
CHG 

CHL 
CHP 
CHT 



Alcolac, Inc. 

Abbott Laboratories 

Allied Chemical Corp., Chemicals Co. 

Div. 
American Cyanamid Co. 
Anderson Development Co. 
Alberta Gas Chemicals, Inc. 
Air Products & Chemicals, Inc. 
Ames Laboratories, Inc. 
Aldrich Chemical Co., Inc. 
Allied Chemical Corp., Fibers Div. 
Allemania Chemical Co. 
Alox Corp. 

American Bio-Synthetics Corp. 
Standard Oil Co. (Indiana) 
Pacific Resins & Chemicals, Inc. 
Arapahoe Chemicals, Inc., Sub/Syntex 

U.S.A., Inc. 
Armak Co., Industrial Chemical Div. 
Arsynco, Inc. 
Arizona Chemical Co. 
The Ansul Co. 
Atlantic Chemical Corp. 

Atlantic Richfield Co., Arco Chemical Co. 
Dart Industries, Inc., Aztec Chemicals Div. 



Balchem Corp., ARC Chemical Corp. 

Div. 
BASF Wyandotte Corp. 
Buffalo Color Corp. 
B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich Chemical 

Group 
J. T. Baker Chemical Co. 
Millmaster Onyx Group, Millmaster Chemical 

Co. Div. 
Borden Co., Borden Chemical Div. 
Lonza, Inc. 
Buckeye Cellulose Corp. 



Noury Chemical Corp. 

Calcasieu Chemical Corp. 

Chembond Corp. 

Crosby Chemicals, Inc. 

Interstab Chemicals, Inc. 

Pearsall Chemical Corp. 

Catawba-Charlab, Inc. 

Cincinnati Milacron Chemicals, Inc. 

Celanese Corp. : 

Celanese Chemical Co. 

Celanese Fibers Co. 
Ciba-Geigy Corp. 
Mobay Chemical Corp., Agricultural 

Chemicals Div. 
Chemol, Inc. 

C. H. Patrick & Co., Inc. 
Chattem, Inc. , 



CIN 
CLK 
CLN 

CMP 

CNP 

CO 

CPS 

CPV 

CRN 

CRZ 

CWN 
CYR 



DAN 

DBC 
DCC 
DIX 
DKA 
DOM 
DOW 
DUP 
DVC 



EKT 
EKX 
EMR 
ENJ 
EVN 



FMB 
FMB 
FMP 
FMT 
FOC 

FRO 

FTE 

GAF 
GAN 
GIV 
GLY 
GOC 



Stockhausen, Inc. 

Clark Oil & Refining Corp. 

Standard Brands, Inc., Clinton Corn 

Processing Co. Div. 
Commerical Products Co., Inc. 
Nipro Inc. 
Conoco, Inc. 
CPS Chemical Co. 
Cook Paint & Varnish Co. 
CPC International, Inc., Amerchol Corp. 
Crown Zellerbach Corp., Chemical Products 

Div. 
Upjohn Co., Fine Chemical Div. 
CY/RO Industries, Inc. 

Diamond Shamrock Corp. 

Dan River, Inc., Chemical Products 

Dept. 
Badische Co. 
Dow Corning Corp. 
Dixie Chemical Co., Inc. 
Denka Chemical Corp. 
Dominion Products 
Dow Chemical Co. 

E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. 
Dover Chemical Corp., Sub. of ICC Industries, 

Inc. 

E. F. Houghton & Co. 
Eastman Kodak Co. : 

Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 

Texas Eastman Co. Div. 
Emery Industries, Inc. 
Exxon Chemical Co. U.S.A. 
W.R. Grace & Co., Organic Chemicals Div., 

Evans Chemetics 

Ferro Corp. : 

Grant Chemical Div. 

Keil Chemical Div. 
FMC Corp . : 

Industrial Chemical Group 

Specialty Chemicals Group 

Industrial Chemical Group 
Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc. 
Handschy Industries, Inc., Farac Oil & 

Chemical Div. 
Vulcan Materials Co., Chemicals Div. 
Foote Mineral Co. 

GAF Corp. 

Gane's Chemicals, Inc. 

Givaudan Corp. 

Glyco Chemicals, Inc. 

Gulf Oil Corp., Gulf Oil Chemicals Co. -U.S. 

Georgia-Pacific Corp.: 

Plaquemine Div. 

Resins Operations 



304 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



TABLE 3. —Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: 
of manufacturers, 1979— Continued 



Directory 



Code : 


Name of company : 


: Code 


Name of company 


GRD 


W. R. Grace & Co., Polymers & Chemical : 


: MON 


Monsanto Co. 




Div. : 


: MRK 


Merck & Co., Inc. 


GRO 


A. Gross & Co., Mlllmaster Onyx Group : 


: MRT 


Morton-Norwich Products, Inc., Morton 




Kewanee Industries, Inc. : 




Chemical Co. Div. 


GTL • 


Great Lakes Chemical Corp. : 


: MTO 


Montrose Chemical Corp. of California 


GYR 


Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. : 






HAL 


C.P. Hall Co. : 


: NCC 


Niacet Corp. 


HCF 


Hercofina : 


: NCI 


Union Camp Corp., Terpenes & Aromatics 


HCP 


Honig Chemical & Processing Corp. : 




Div. 


HDG 


Hodag Chemical Corp. : 


: NEO 


Norda, Inc. 


HDW 


Hardwicke Chemical Co. : 


: NES 


Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co. 


HEX 


Hexagon Laboratories, Inc. : 


NEV 


Neville Chemical Co. 


HFT 


Syntex Agribusiness, Inc. : 


: NOC 


Norac Co., Inc. and Mathe Div. 


HK 


Hooker Chemicals Corp.: : 


: NPI 


Stepan Chemical Co., Polychem Dept. 


HKD 


Hooker Chemicals & Plastics Corp., : 


: NSC 


National Starch & Chemical Corp. 




Durez Div. : 


: NTB 


National Biochemical Co. 


HLI 


Millmaster Onyx Group, Onyx Chemical : 


: NTL 


NL Industries, Inc. 




Co. Div. : 


: NWP 


Northern Petrochemicals Co. 


HMP 


W. R. Grace & Co., Organic Chemicals Div. : 






HMY 


Humphrey Chemical Co. : 


: OCC 


Oxirane Chemical Co. 


HN 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc. • 


: OH 


Airco, Inc., Ohio Medical Products Div. 


HPC • 


Hercules, Inc. • 


: OMC 


Olin Corp. 


HRT 


Hart Products Corp. : 


: 0R0 


Chevron Chemical Co. 


HSH 


Harshaw Chemical Co. • 


: ORT 


Roehr Chemicals, Inc., Div. of Aceto 


HUM 


Kraft, Inc., Humko Sheffield Chemical : 




Industrial Chemical Corp. 


HXL 


Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Specialty Chemicals : 


: OXC 


Grace Petrochemicals, Inc. 






: 0X1 


Oxirane Chemical Co. (Channelview) 


ICI 


ICI Americas, Inc.: '• 








Chemical Specialties Group : 


: PAS 


Pennwalt Corp. 




Plastics Div. : 


: PCW 


Pfister Chemical, Inc. 


IMC 


International Minerals & Chemicals Corp, : 


: PD 


Warner-Lambert Co. 




Nitroparaf f in Div. : 


: PEN 


CPC International, Inc., Penick Corp. 


IOC 


Ionac Chemical Co. Div. of Sybron Corp. : 


: PFN 


Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc. 






: PFZ 


Pfizer, Inc. 


JCC 


Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc. '• 


: PG 


Procter & Gamble Co., Procter & Gamble 
Manufacturing Co. 


KAI 


Kaiser Aluminum & Chemical Corp. , Kaiser : 


: PIC 


Pierce Chemical, Inc. 




Chemical Div. : 


: PLC 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 


KCC 


Kennecott Minerals Co., Chino Mines Div. : 


: PLS 


Plastics Engineering Co. 


KCH 


Joseph Ayers, Inc. : 


: PMP 


Premier Malt Products, Inc. 


KF 


Kay-Fries Inc., Member Dynamit Nobel : 


: PPG 


PPG Industries, Inc. 




Group : 


: PST 


Perstorp, Inc. 


KIM 


Kalama Chemical, Inc. : 


: PUB 


Publicker Industries, Inc. 


KPT 


Koppers Co., Inc., Organic Materials Group '• 


: PVO 


PVO International, Inc. 


LAK 


Bofors Lakeway, Inc. : 


: QKO 


Quaker Oats Co. 


LEM 


Napp Chemicals, Inc. : 






LIL 


Eli Lilly & Co. : 


: RBC 


Fike Chemicals, Inc. 






: RCI 


Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 






: RCN 


Racon, Inc. 


MAL 


Mallinckrodt, Inc. : 


: RDA 


Rhone-Poulenc , Inc . 


MCB 


Borg-Warner Corp., Borg-Warner Chemicals '• 


: REH 


Reheis Chemical Co. Div. of Armour 


MCI 


Mooney Chemicals, Inc. '• 




Pharmaceutical Co. 


MHI 


Thiokol Corp., Ventron Div. : 


: REM 


Remington Arms Co., Inc. 


MIL 


Milliken & Co., Milliken Chemical Co. : 


: RH 


Rohm & Haas Co. 


MLS 


Miles Laboratories, Inc., Industrial Products : 


: RFC 


Millmaster Onyx Group, Refined Onyx Co. 




Group '• 




Div. 


MMM 


Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co. ; 


: RSA 


R.S.A. Corp. 


MNO 


Monochem, Inc. : 


: RUB 


■ Hooker Chemicals Corp., Hooker Chemicals & 


MNR 


Monroe Chemical, Inc. '• 




Plastics Corp., Ruco Div. 


MOB 


Mobay Chemical Corp. : 


: RUC 


Rubicon Chemicals, Inc. 



XV -- MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC 



ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 

Directory 



305 



TABLE 3.— Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 
of manufacturers, 1979—Continued 



Code 


Name of company : 


: Code 


Name of company 


S 


Sandoz, Inc., Colors & Chemicals Dlv. : 


: TKL 


Thiokol Corp. 


SAR 


Sartomer Industries, Inc. • 


: TLC 


Twin Lake Chemical, Inc. 


SBC 


Scher Bros., Inc. : 


: TNA 


Ethyl Corp. 


SCM 


SCM Corp., Organic Chemicals Div. ! 


: TNI 


The Gillette Co., Chemical Div. 


SCP 


Henkel Corp. ; 


: TRO 


Troy Chemical Corp. 


SDC 


Martin-Marietta Corp., Sodeyco Div. : 


: ISA 


Texas Alkyls, Inc. 




Sterling Drug, Inc. : : 


: TX 


Texaco, Inc. 


SDH 


Hilton Davis Chemical Co. Div. : 


: TZC 


Magnesium Elektron, Inc. 


SDW 


Sterling Organics Div. : 








Stauffer Chemical Co.: : 


: UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 


SFA 


Agricultural Div. : 


: UOC 


Union Oil Co. of California 


SFC 


Calhio Chemicals, Inc. : 


: UOP 


UOP, Inc., Chemical Div. 


SFI 


Industrial Div. : 


: UPJ 


Upjohn Co. 


SFP 


Plastics Div. : 


: USB 


U.S. Borax & Chemical Corp. 


SFS 


Specialty Chemical Div. : 


: USI 


National Distillers & Chemicals Corp., 


SHC 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. : 




U.S. Industrial Chemicals Co. 


SHP 


Shepherd Chemical Co. : 


: USR 


Uniroyal, Inc., Uniroyal Chemical Div. 


SHX 


Sherex Chemical Co., Inc. : 


: USS 


USS Chemicals Div. of U.S. Steel Corp. 


SK 


SmithKline Corp., SmithKline Chemicals : 








Div. : 


: VEL 


Velsicol Chemical Corp. 


SKO 


Getty Refining & Marketing Co. : 


: VGC 


Virginia Chemicals, Inc. 


SM 


Mobil Oil Corp., Mobil Chemical Co.: : 


: VIK 


Viking Chemical Co. 




Chemical Coatings Div. : 


: VND 


Van Dyk & Co. , Inc. 




Phosphorus Div. : 






SNO 


SunOlin Chemical Co. : 


: WAG 


West Agro-Chemical, Inc. 


SNW 


Sun Chemical Corp., Chemicals Div. : 


: WAY 


Phillip A. Hunt Chemical Corp., Organic 


SOC 


Standard Oil Co. of California, Chevron : 




Chemical Div. 




Chemical Co. : 


: WCC 


White Chemical Corp. 


SOH 


Vistron Corp. : 


: WCL 


Wright Chemical Corp. 


SOL 


Southland Corp., Chemical Div. : 


: WLN 


Wilmington Chemical Corp. 


SPD 


General Electric Co., Silicone Products : 


: WM 


Inolex Corp. 




Dept. : 


: WTC 


Witco Chemical Corp. 


STC 


American Hoechst Corp., Sou-Tex Works '• 


: WTH 


Union Camp Corp. 


STP 


Stepan Chemical Co. : 


: WTL 


Pennwalt Corp., Lucidol Div. 


SW 


Sherwin-Williams Co. : 


: WVA 


Westvaco Corp., Polychemicals Dept. 


SWS 


Stauffer Chemical Co., SWS Silicones : 


: WYC 


Wycon Chemical Co. 




Div. : 


: WYT 


Wyeth Laboratories, Inc., Wyeth 


SYP 


Dart Industries, Inc., Synthetic Products : 




Laboratories Div. of American Home 




Co. Div. : 




Products Corp. 


TCC 


Sybron Corp., Chemical Division/Tanatex : 






TCH 


Emery Industries Inc., Trylon Div. '• 


: ZGL 


Carolina Processing Corp. 



Note. — Complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in table 1 of the appendix. The 
above codes identify those of the 271 reporting companies and company divisions for which permission to publish was 
not restricted. 



307 



APPENDIX 



APPENDIX 



309 



TABLE 1.- 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, 
by company, 1979 



[Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1979 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in 
table 2 of the 15 individual sections of this report] 



Identif- 

f ication 

code 



Name of company 



Office address 



AEP : A & E Plastik Pak Co., Inc., A & E 

: Plastics 

AZS : AZS Corp. : 

: AZ Products Co. Div 

: AZS Chemical Co. Div 

ABB : Abbott Laboratories 

ABS : Abex Corp., Friction Products Group 

WLC : Agrico Chemical Co 

AGY : Agway, Inc., Olean Nitrogen Complex 

OH : Airco, Inc., Ohio Medical Products Div — 

AIP : Air Products & Chemicals, Inc 

AGC : Alberta Gas Chemicals, Inc 

ALC : Alco Chemical Corp 

AAC : Alcolac, Inc 

AID : Aldrich Chemical Co., Inc 

ALE : Alex Chemical Co 

ALG : Allegheny Chemical Corp 

ALM : Allemania Chemical Co 

ALL : Alliance Chemical Corp 

: Allied Chemical Corp.: 

ACN : Agricultural Div 

ACS : Chemicals Co. Div 

ALF : Fibers Div ■* 

AFP : Fibers & Plastics Co 

ACU : Union Texas Petroleum Div 

APA : Allied Products Corp., Acme Chemicals & 

: Insulation Div. 

ALX : Alox Corp 

APH : Alpha Chemical Corp 

ALP : Alpha Laboratories, Inc 

HES : Amerada Hess Corp. (Hess Oil Virgin 

: Islands Corp.) 

AMB : American Bio-Synthetics Corp 

: American Can Co.: 

WIL : Inolex Pharmaceutical Div 

MAR : Lignin Chemicals Div 

AC : American Color & Chemical Corp 

ACY : American Cyanamid Co 

HST : American Hoechst Corp 

,: Industrial Chemicals Div 

STC : Sou-Tex Works 

ASY : American Synthetic Rubber Corp 

ALB '• Ames Laboratories, Inc 

ADC : Anderson Development Co 

ASL : Ansul Co 

APX : Apex Chemical Co . , Inc 

APO : Apollo Colors, Inc 

ARA : Arapahoe Chemicals, Inc., Sub/Syntex 

: U.S.A., Inc. 

KPP : ARCO/Polymers, Inc 

ARD : Ardmore Chemical Co., Inc 

ARN : Arenol Chemical Corp 

ARZ : Arizona Chemical Co 

AKS ! Arkansas Co . , Inc 

ARC : Armak Co., Industrial Chemical Div 

AGP : Armour -Dial, Inc 

ARP : Armour Pharmaceutical Co 

ARK : Armstrong Cork Co 

ARL : Arol Chemical Products Co 

ARS : Arsynco, Inc 



14505 Proctor Ave., Industry, CA 91749. 



2525 So. Combee Rd., Lakeland, FL 33801. 

762 Marietta Blvd., Atlanta, GA 30318. 

14th St. and Sheridan Rd., N. Chicago, IL 60064 

P. 0. Box 3250, Winchester, VA 22601. 

P. 0. Box 3166, Tulsa, OK 74101. 

1446 Buffalo St., Olean, NY 14760. 

3030 Airco Dr., P. 0. Box 7550, Madison, WI 537 

P. 0. Box 538, Allentown, PA 18105. 

Two Sylvan Way East, Parsippany, NJ 07054 

909 Mueller Dr., Chattanooga, TN 37406. 

3440 Fairfield Rd., Baltimore, MD 21226. 

940 W. St. Paul Ave., Milwaukee, WI 53233. 

119 N. Union St., Shenandoah, PA 17976. 

Gillis Ave., Ridgway, PA 15853. 

P. 0. Box 716, Plaquemine, LA 70764. 

33 Avenue P, Newark, NJ 07105. 

P. 0. Box 2120, Houston, TX 77001. 

P. 0. Box 2251-R, Morristown, NJ 07960. 

1411 Broadway - 38th PI., New York, NY 10018. 

1411 Broadway, New York, NY 10018. 

P. 0. Box 2120, Houston, TX 77001. 

166 Chapel St., New Haven, CT 06513. 

3943 Buffalo Ave., Niagara Falls, NY 14303. 
P. 0. Drawer A, Collierville, TN 38017. 
1685 S. Fairfax St., Denver, CO 80222. 
1 Hess Plaza, Woodridge, NJ 07095. 

710 W. National Ave., P. 0. Box 4275, Milwaukee, 
WI 53204. 

2600 Bond St., Park Forest South, IL 60466. 

Greenwich Office Park, Greenwich, CT 06830. 

P. 0. 32516, Charlotte, NC 28232. 

Wayne, NJ 07470. 

Route 202-206 North, Somerville, NJ 08876. 

129 Quidnick St., Coventry, RI 02816. 

P. 0. Box 886, Mount Holly, NC 28120. 

4500 Camp Ground Rd., Louisville, KY 40216. 

200 Rock Lane, Milford, CT 06460. 

1415 E. Michigan St., Adrian, MI 49221. 

1 Stanton St., Marinette, WI 54143. 

200 S. 1st St., Elizabethport, NJ 07206. 

899 Skokie Blvd., Northbrook, IL 60062. 

2075 N. 55th St., Boulder, CO 80302. 

1500 Market St., Philadelphia, PA 19101. 

840 Valley Brook Ave., Lyndhurst, NJ 07071. 

40-33 23d St., Long Island City, NY 11101. 

Berdan Ave., Wayne, NJ 07470. 

185 Foundry St., Newark, NJ 07105. 

300 S. Wacker Dr., Chicago, IL 60606. 

2000 Aucutt Rd., Montgomery, IL 60538. 

P. 0. Box 511, Kankakee, IL 60901. 

Charlotte & Liberty Sts. , -Lancaster, PA 17604. 

649 Ferry St., Newark, NJ 07105. 

P. 0. Box 8, Carlstadt, NJ 07072. 



310 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



TABLE 1.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, 

BY COMPANY, 1979— CONTINUED 



Name of company 



Office address 



Ashland Oil, Inc- 



Astor Products, Inc., Blue Arrow Div 

Astra Pharmaceutical Products, Inc 

Atlantic Chemical Corp 

Atlantic Richfield Co., Arco Chemical Co- 
Atlas Powder Co., Sub. of Tyler Corp 

Atlas Processing Co 

Joseph Ayers, Inc 



BASF Wyandotte Corp 

Pigments Div 

Badische Corp 

J. T. Baker Chemical Co 

Balchem Corp., ARC Chemical Corp. Div 

Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc 

Bayoil Co., Inc 

Beecham, Inc., Beecham Laboratories Div — 

Belding Chemical Industries 

Bendix Corp 

Bennett ' s 

Benzenoid Organics, Inc 

Berncolors-Poughkeepsie , Inc 

Biddle Sawyer 

Binney and Smith, Inc 

Biocraft Laboratories, Inc 

Bison Nitrogen Products Co 

Bofors Lakeway, Inc 

Boots Hercules Agrochemicals Co 



Borden, Inc.: 

Borden Chemical Div 

Printing Ink Div., Pigments Div 

Borg-Warner Corp., Borg-Warner Chemicals- 
Brand-S Corp., Cascade Resins, Inc. Div — 

Breddo Food Products Corp. , Inc 

Bristol-Meyers Co 

M. A. Bruder & Sons, Inc 

Buckeye Cellulose Corp 

Buckman Laboratories, Inc 

Buffalo Color Corp 

Burdick & Jackson Laboratories, Inc 

Burroughs Wellcome Co 



CF Industries, Inc 

CPC International, Inc.: 

Acme Resin Corp 

Amerchol Corp 

Penick Corp 

CPS Chemical Co 

CY/RO Industries, Inc 

Calcasieu Chemical Corp 

Carborundum Co 

Cargill , Inc 

Carl Gordon Industries, Inc 

Carolina Processing Corp 

Carpenter Chemical Co 

J.W. Carroll & Sons Div. of U.S. 

Industries, Inc. 
Castle & Cooke, Inc., Castle & Cooke 
Foods, Hawaii Pineapple Div. 



1401 Winchester Ave., Ashland, KY 41101, and 

P. 0. Box 2458, Columbus, OH 43216. 
5244 Edgewood Ct., Jacksonville, FL 32205. 
Neponset St., Worcester, MA 01606. 
10 Kingsland Rd., Nutley, NJ 07110. 
515 S. Flower St., Los Angeles, CA 90064. 
P. 0. Box 87, Joplin, MO 64801. 

P. 0. Box 3099, 3333 Midway St., Shreveport, LA 71 
R.D. #2, Bethlehem, PA 18017. 

100 Cherry Hill Rd., Parsippany, NJ 07054. 
491 Columbia Ave., Holland, MI 49423. 

602 Copper Rd., Freeport, TX 77541. 

222 Red School Lane, Phillipsburg, NJ 08865. 

P. 0. Box 180, Slate Hill, NY 10973. 

6301 N. Lincoln Ave., Morton Grove, IL 60053. 

2 Union St., Peabody, MA 01960. 

101 Possumtown Rd., Piscataway, NJ 08854. 
1430 Broadway, New York, NY 10018. 
Tibbetts Ave., Troy, NY 12180. 

P. 0. Box 1320, Salt Lake City, UT 84110. 
P. 0. Box 157, Route 140, Bellingham, MA 02019. 
75 N. Water St., Poughkeepsie, NY 12601. 
2 Penn Plaza, New York, NY 10001. 
P. 0. Box 431, 1100 Church Lane, Easton, PA 18042. 
12 Industrial Way, Waldwick, NJ 07463. 
P. 0. Box 1828, Sioux City, IA 51102. 
5025 Evanston Ave., Muskegon, MI 49443. 
P. 0. Box 7489, Concord Plaza, 3509 Siheerside Rd., 
Wilmington, DE 19803. 

180 E. Broad St., Columbus, OH 43215. 

630 Glendale-Milford Rd., Cincinnati, OH 45215. 

P. 0. Box 1868, Parkersburg, WV 26101. 

P. 0. Box 1989, Eugene, OR 97401. 

18th and Kansas Avenue, Kansas City, KS 66105. 

345 Park Ave., New York, NY 10022. 

52d St. and Grays Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19143. 

2899 Jackson Ave., Memphis, TN 38108. 

1256 N. McLean Blvd., Memphis, TN 38108. 

340 Elk St., P. 0. Box 7027, Buffalo, NY 14210. 

1953 S. Harvey St., Muskegon, MI 49442. 

3030 Cornwallis Rd., Research Triangle Park, NC 27 



Salem Lake Dr., Long Grc 



IL 60047. 



1401 S. Circle Avenue, Forest Park, IL 60130. 

Talmadge Rd., Edison, NJ 08817. 

1050 Wall St. W. , Lyndhurst, NJ 07071. 

P. 0. Box 162, Old Bridge, NJ 08857. 

697 Route 46, Clifton, NJ 07015. 

P. 0. Box 1522, Lake Charles, LA 70602. 

P. 0. Box 477, Niagara Falls, NY 14302. 

P. 0. Box 9300 CPD/30, Minneapolis, MN 55440. 

1001 Southbridge St., Worcester, MA 01610. 

P. 0. Box 151, Severn, NC 27877. 

P. 0. Box 27205, Richmond, VA 23261. 

22600 Bonita St., Carson, CA 90745. 

650 Iwilei Rd., Honolulu, HI 96801. 



APPENDIX 



311 



TABLE I.- 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, 
by company, 1979— continued 



Identi- 
fication 
code 



CCL 
CEL 



CNT 
CPR 
GRS 
SOG 
CHT 
CBD 

GRC 

GRL 

CI 

CHF 

CHL 

CPX 

ORO 

CHH 

CGY 



CBN 
TEN 
CBN 

CSO 

CLK 

CLY 

CLI 

CSP 

CP 

CLD 

CNC 

CMP 

COR 

CPI 

CON 

CO 

COT 

CTL 

CPV 

CFA 

COP 

CPY 

SWC 

CSD 

CRT 

CRC 

CRD 

ALT 

CBY 
CCP 
CRZ 



Name of company 



Catawba-Charlab, Inc 

Celanese Corp. : 

Celanese Chemical Co 

Celanese Fibers Co 

Celanese Plastics Materials Co — 
Celanese Polymer Specialties Co- 

Certainteed Corp 

Certified Processing Corp 

Champlin Petroleum Co 

Charter International Oil Co 

Chattem, Inc 

Chembond Corp 

Chemed Corp. : 

Dubois Chemicals Div 

Vestal Laboratories Div 

Chem-Fleur , Inc 

Chemical Formulators 

Chemol , Inc 

Chemplex Co 

Chevron Chemical Co 

CHR. Hansen's Laboratory, Inc 

Ciba-Geigy Corp 



Agricultural Div 

Pharmaceutical Div- 
Resins Dept- 



Cincinnati Milacron Chemicals, Inc- 

Cities Service Co.: 

Columbian Div 

Ccpperhill Operations 

Petrochemicals Div 



Petroleum Products Group- 
Clark Oil & Refining Corp — 

W. A. Cleary Corp 

Clintwood Chemical Co 



Coastal States Petrochemical Co 

Colgate-Palmolive Co 

Colloids, Inc 

Columbia Nitrogen Corp 

Commercial Products Co., Inc 

Commonwealth Oil Refining Co., Inc 

Commonwealth Petrochemicals, Inc 

Concord Chemical Co., Inc 

Conoco , Inc 

Consolidated Papers, Inc 

Continental Chemical Co 

Cook Paint & Varnish Co 

Cooperative Farm Chemicals Association 

Coopers Creek Chemical Corp 

Copolymer Rubber & Chemical Corp 

Corco Cyclohexane, Inc 

Cosden Oil & Chemical Co 

Crest Chemical Corp 

Crest Container, Sub. of The Continental 

Group , Inc . 

Cr oda , Inc 

Crompton & Knowles Corp. , Dyes & Chemical 

Div. 

Crosby Chemicals, Inc 

Crown Central Petroleum Corp 

Crown Zellerbach Corp., Chemical Products 

Div. 



Office address 



5046 Old Pineville Rd., Charlotte, NC 28231. 

1250 W. Mockingbird Lane, Dallas, TX 75247. 

P. 0. Box 1414, Charlotte, NC 28201. 

26 Main St., Chatham, NJ 07928. 

One Riverfront Plaza, Louisville, KY 40202. 

P. 0. Box 860, Valley Forge, PA 19482. 

U.S. Highway #22, Hillside, NJ 07205. 

P. 0. Box 9176, Corpus Christi, TX 78408. 

P. 0. Box 5008, Houston, TX 77012. 

1715 W. 38th St., Chattanooga, TN 37409. 

P. 0. Box 270, Springfield, OR 97477. 

Dubois Tower, Cincinnati, OH 45211. 

5035 Manchester Ave., St. Louis, M0 63110. 

200 Pulaski St., Newark, NJ 07105. 

P. 0. Box 26, Nitro, WV 25143. 

P. 0. Box 20687, Greensboro, NC 27420. 

3100 Golf Rd., Rolling Meadows, IL 60008. 

575 Market St., Rm. 3280, San Francisco, CA 94105. 

9015 W. Maple St., West Allis, WI 53214. 

444 Saw Mill River Rd., Ardsley, NY 10502. 

P. 0. Box 11422, Greensboro, NC 27409. 

556 Morris Ave., Summit, NJ 07901. 

444 Saw Mill River Rd., Ardsley, NY 10502. 

West St., Reading, OH 45215. 

P. 0. Box 300, Tulsa, OK 74102. 

Copperhill, TN 37317. 

P. 0. Box 1522, Lake Charles, LA 70602, and 

250 North Belt East, Houston, TX 77060. 
P. 0. Box 1562, Lake Charles, LA 70602. 
131st St. 6. Kedzie Ave., Blue Island, IL 60406. 
P. 0. Box 10, Somerset, NJ 08873. 
4342 S. Wolcott Ave., Chicago, IL 60609. 
P. 0. Drawer 521, Corpus Christi, TX 78403. 
300 Park Ave., New York, NY 10022. 
394 Frelinghuysen Ave., Newark, NJ 07114. 
P. 0. Box 1483(13), Augusta, GA 30903. 
117 Ethel Ave., Hawthorne, NJ 07506. 
Petrochemical Complex, Ponce, PR 00731. 
Petrochemical Complex, Ponce, PR 00731. 
17th & Federal Sts., Camden, NJ 08105. 
P. 0. Box 1267, 100 S. Pine, Ponca City, OK 74611. 
231 1st Ave. N., Wisconsin Rapids, WI 54494. 
270 Clifton Blvd., Clifton, NJ 07015. 
919 E. 14th Ave., N. Kansas City, MO 64116. 
P. 0. Box 308, Lawrence, KS 66044. 
River Rd., W. Conshohocken, PA 19428. 
P. 0. Box 2591, Baton Rouge, LA 70821. 
Petrochemical Complex, Ponce, PR 00731. 
8350 N. Central, Dallas, TX 75206. 
225-235 Emmet St., Newark, NJ 07114. 
800 E. Northwest Hwy., Palatine, IL 60067. 

51 Madison Ave. , New York, NY 10010. 
500 Pear St., Reading, PA 19603. 

P. 0. Box 460, Picayune, MS 39466. 

1 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21203. 

P. 0. Box 4266, Vancouver, WA 98662. 



312 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



TABLE 1.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, 

BY COMPANY, 1979— CONTINUED 



Name of company 



Office address 



Custom Resins Div. of Bemis Co., Inc- 



litom, Inc- 



Dan River, Inc., Chemical Products Dept- 
Dart Industries, Inc.: 

Aztec Chemicals Div 

Synthetic Products Co. Div- 

Davie s-Young Co 

Dawe's Laboratories, Ltd 

Day-Glo Color Corp 

Degen Oil & Chemical Co 

Degussa Corp 



Denka Chemical Corp 

Dennis Chemical Co 

DeSoto, Inc 

Dexter Chemical Corp 

Midland Div 

Diamond Shamrock Corp 

Disogrin Industries Corp 

Dixie Chemical Co. , Inc 

Dixie Pine Chemicals, Inc — 
Dominion Products 



Dover Chemical Corp., Sub. of ICC 
Industries, Inc. 

Dow Chemical Co 

Dow Corning Corp 

E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc 

Dutch Boy, Inc., Coatings Group 

Dye Specialties, Inc — 



Eagle Pitcher Industries, Ohio 

Rubber Co. Div. 

Eastern Color & Chemical Co 

Eastman Kodak Co 

Tennessee Eastman Co. Div 

Texas Eastman Co. Div 

East Shore Chemical Co 

Elan Chemical Co 

Elco Corp., Sub. of Detrex Industries, 

Inc. 

El Paso Products Co 

Emery Industries, Inc 

Trylon Div 

Emkay Chemical Co 

Endo Laboratories, Inc 

Enenco , Inc 

Essential Chemicals Group 

Estech Specialty Chemicals Corp 

Ethyl Corp 

Po lymer Div 

Exxon Chemical Co. U.S. A 



FMC Corp. : 

Agricultural Chemical Group- 
Industrial Chemical Group 

Industrial Chemical Group 

Specialty Chemicals Div 



FRP Co 

Fabricolor Manufacturing Corp- 

Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc 

Fallek-Lankro Corp 



P. 0. Box 933, Henderson, KY 42420. 

5200 Speaker Rd., Kansas City, KS 66106. 
P. 0. Box 261, Danville, VA 24541. 

P. 0. Box 250, Elyria, OH 44035. 

1636 Wayside Rd., Cleveland, OH 44112. 

2700 Wagner Place, Maryland Heights, MO 63043. 
450 State St., Chicago Heights, IL 60411. 
4732 St. Clair Ave., Cleveland, OH 44103. 

200 Kellogg St., Jersey City, NJ 07305. 
Theodore Industrial Park, P. 0. Box 606, 

Theodore, AL 36582. 
8701 Park Place Blvd., Houston, TX 77017. 

2701 Papin St., St. Louis, M0 63103. 

1700 S. Mt. Prospect Ave., Des Plaines, IL 60C 

845 Edgewater Rd., Bronx, NY 10474. 

1-7 E. Water St., Waukegan, IL 60085. 

1100 Superior Ave., Cleveland, OH 44114. 

Grenier Industrial Airpark, Manchester, NH 031 

3635 W. Dallas Ave., Houston, TX 77019. 

P. 0. Box 470, Hattiesburg, MS 39401. 

882 3d Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11232. 

W. 15th & Davis Sts., P. 0. Box 40, Dover, OH 



44622. 



2020 Dow Center, Midland, MI 48640. 

P. 0. Box 1767, Mail Code #C02216, Midland, MI 48640. 

DuPont Bldg., Wilmington, DE 19898. 

2325 Hollins Ferry Rd., Baltimore, MD 21230. 

100 Plaza Center, Box 1532, Secaucus, NJ 07094. 

P. 0. 1398, Denton, TX 76201. 

35 Livingston St., Providence, RI 02818. 
343 State St., Rochester, NY 14650. 
P. 0. Box 511, Kingsport, TN 37662. 
P. 0. Box 511, Kingsport, TN 37662. 
1221 E. Barney Ave., Muskegon, MI 49443. 
268 Doremus Ave., Newark, NJ 07105. 
P. 0. Box 09168, Cleveland, OH 44109. 

P. 0. Box 3986, Odessa, TX 79760. 

1300 Carew Tower, Cincinnati, OH 45202. 

P. 0. Box 628, Mauldin, SC 29607. 

319 2d St., Elizabeth, NJ 07206. 

1000 Stewart Ave., Garden City, NY 11530. 

P. 0. Box 398, Memphis, TN 38101. 

28391 Essential Rd., Merton, WI 53056. 

419 N. Ridge Rd., Munster, IN 46321. 

330 S. 4th St., Richmond, VA 23231. 

Ethyl Tower, 451 Florida, Baton Rouge, LA 70801. 

P. 0. Box 3272, Houston, TX 77001. 



2000 Market St., Philadelphia, PA 19103. 
2000 Market St., Philadelphia, PA 19103. 
2000 Market St., Philadelphia, PA 19103. 
Sawyer Ave . & River Rd . , Town of Tonawanda , 

NY 14150. 
P. 0. Box 349, Baxley, GA 31513. 
24-1/2 Van Houten St., Paterson, NJ 07509. 
117 Blanchard St., Newark, NJ 07105. 
1 Warrior Rd., P. 0. Box H, Tuscaloosa, AL 



APPENDIX 



313 



TABLE 1.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, 

BY COMPANY, 1979~CONTINUED 



Identi- 
fication 
code 



Name of company 



Office address 



FRI 
FEL 
FER 



FND 
RBC 

FIR 

FRF 
FRS 

FST 
FLM 
CIK 
FLO 

FTE 
FOM 

FLN 

FRE 

FB 

CNI 

FLH 



GLX 
GAN 



SPD 
GNF 

GLC 

GNT 
GRG 



SKO 
TID 
TNI 
GIV 
GLY 
GPI 
BFG 

GYR 
GCC 
HMP 
EVN 

GRD 

oxc 

GRA 

GTL 



Farmland Industries, Inc — 
Felton International, Inc- 
Ferro Corp. : 

Ferro Chemical Div 

Grant Chemical Div 

Keil Chemical Div 



Ottawa Chemical Div 



Productol Chemical Div 

Fiber Industries, Inc 

Fike Chemicals, Inc 

Firestone Tire & Rubber Co.: 

Firestone Plastics Co. Div 

Firestone Synthetic Fibers Co 

Firestone Synthetic Rubber & Latex Co. 
Div. 

First Chemical Corp 

Fleming Laboratories, Inc 

Flint Ink Corp., Cal/Ink Div 

Florasynth, Inc 

Foote Mineral Co 



Formica Corp., Sub. of American Cyanamid 
Co. 

Franklin Chemical Industries 

Freeman Chemical Corp 

Fritzsche Dodge & Olcott, Inc 

Frye Copysystems, Conap Div 

H. B. Fuller Co., Polymer Div 



GAF Corp 

Galaxie Chemical Corp- 
Gane's Chemicals, Inc- 
General Electric Co 



Laminated & Insulating Materials Business 
Dept. 

Silicone Products Dept 

General Foods Corp., Maxwell House Coffee 
Div. 

General Latex & Chemical Corp 

General Tire & Rubber Co., Chemical Div 

P. D. George Co 

Georgia-Pacific Corp. : 

Bellingham Div 

Houston Div 

Plaquemine Div 



Resins Operations 

Getty Refining & Marketing Co 

Delaware Refinery 

The Gillette Co., Chemical Div 

Givaudan Corp 

Glyco Chemicals, Inc 

Goodpasture , Inc 

B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich Chemical 
Group 

Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co •— 

W. R. Grace & Co 

Organic Chemicals Div 

Evans Chemetics 

Polymers & Chemicals Div 

W. R. Grace Petrochemicals, Inc 

Great American Chemical Corp 

Great Lakes Chemical Corp 



P. 0. Box 7305, Kansas City, MO 64116. 
599 Johnson Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11237. 

7050 Krick Rd., Bedford, OH 44146. 

P. 0. Box 263, Baton Rouge, LA 70821. 

3000 Sheffield Ave., Hammond, IN 46320. 

700 N. Wheeling St., Toledo, OH 43605. 

10051 Romandel Ave., Santa Fe Springs, CA 90670. 

P. 0. Box 10038, Charlotte, NC 28201. 

P. 0. Box 546, Nitro, WV 25143. 

P. 0. Box 699, Pottstown, PA 19464. 
P. 0. Box 450, Hopewell, VA 23869. 
381 W. Wilbeth Rd., Akron, OH 44301. 

P. 0. Box 1427, Pascagoula, MS 39567. 

P. 0. Box 34384, 2205 Thrift Rd., Charlotte, NC 2823 

1404 4th St., Berkeley, CA 94710. 
410 E. 62d St., New York, NY 10021. 
Route #100, Exton, PA 19341. 

10155 Reading Rd., Cincinnati, OH 45241. 

2020 Bruck St., Columbus, OH 43207. 

222 E. Main St., Port Washington, WI 53074. 

76 9th Ave., New York, NY 10011. 

1405 Buffalo St., Olean, NY 14760. 
4450 Malsbary Rd., Blue Ash, OH 45242. 

2200 Polymer Dr., Chattanooga, TN 37421, and 

P. 0. Box 12, Linden, NJ 07036. 
26 Piercy St., Paterson, NJ 07524. 
1144 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10036. 
1 Plastics Ave., Pittsfield, MA 01201, and 

1350 S. Second St., Coshocton, OH 43812. 
1 Campbell Rd., Schenectady, NY 12306. 

Mechanicville Rd., Bldg. 11-24, Waterford, NY 12188. 
1125 Hudson St., Hoboken, NJ 07030. 

666 Main St., Cambridge, MA 02139. 
1 General St., Akron, OH 44329. 
5200 N. 2d St., St. Louis, M0 63147. 

P. 0. Box 1236, Bellingham, WA 98225. 

P. 0. Box 1959, Pasadena, TX 77501. 

P. 0. Box 629, Plaquemine, LA 70764. 

P. 0. Box 10504, Atlanta, GA 30348. 

P. 0. Box 1650, Oil Center Bldg., Tulsa, OK 74102. 

Delaware City, DE 19706. 

3500 W. 16th St., N. Chicago, IL 60064. 

100 Delawanna Ave., Clifton, NJ 07014. 

51 Weaver St., Greenwich, CT 06830. 

P. 0. Drawer 921, Brownfield, TX 79316. 

6100 Oak Tree Blvd., Cleveland, OH 44131. 

1144 E. Market St., Akron, OH 44316. 

P. 0. Box 27147, Memphis, TN 38127. 

Poisson Ave. , Nashua, NH 03060. 

90 Tokeneke Rd., Darien, CT 06820. 

55 Hayden Ave., Lexington, MA 02173. 

1114 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10036. 

P. 0. Box 2150, Fitchburg, MA 01420. 

P. 0. Box 2200, West Lafayette, IN 47906. 



314 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



TABLE 1.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, 

BY COMPANY, 1979— CONTINUED 



Name of company 



Office address 



ICC t, 
ICF 



Greenwood Chemical Co 

A. Gross & Co., Millmaster Onyx Group, 

Kewanee Industries, Inc. 

Guardsman Chemical, Inc 

Gulf Oil Corp., Gulf Oil Chemicals Co. - 

U.S. 
Guth Corp 

H & N Chemicals Co 

C. P. Hall Co 

Handschy Industries, Inc., Farac Oil and 

Chemical Div. 
Hanna Chemical Coatings Corp 

Hardman , Inc 

Hardwicke Chemical Co 

Harmon Colors Corp 

Harshaw Chemical Co 

Hart Products Corp 

Hatco Chemical Corp 

Haveg Industries, Inc., Sub. of 
Hercules, Inc. 

Hawkeye Chemical Co 

Henkel , Corp 

Hereof ina 

Hercor Chemical Corp 

Hercules , Inc 

PFW Div 

Heresite-Saexaphen , Inc 

Heterochemical Corp 

Hewitt Soap Co., Inc 

Hexagon Laboratories, Inc 

Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Specialty Chemicals 

Hodag Chemical Corp 

Hof fmann-LaRoche , Inc 

Honig Chemical & Processing Corp 

Hooker Chemical Corp 

Hooker Chemicals & Plastics Corp.: 

Durez Div 

Ruco Div 

E. F. Houghton & Co 

Humphrey Chemical Co 

Philip A. Hunt Chemical Corp., Organic 

Chemical Div. 

Huntington Laboratories, Inc ■ 

Husky Industries, Inc 

Hynson, Westcott & Dunning, Inc 

ICI Americas, Inc.: 

Agricultural Chemicals Div 

Chemical Specialties Co 

Pharmaceutical Div 

Plastics Div 

ITT Rayonier, Inc 

Industrial Color, Inc 

Inland Steel Co., Inland Steel Container 

Co. 
Inmont Corp 

Inolex Corp 

Insilco Corp., Sinclair Paint Co. Div 



P. 0. Box 26 - State Highway #690, Greenwood, VA 

22943. 
625 Doremus Ave., Newark, NJ 07105. 

1350 Steele Ave., S.W., Grand Rapids, MI 49507 
P. 0. Box 3766, Houston, TX 77001. 

322 S. Center St., Hillside, IL 60162. 

90 Maltese Dr., Totowa, NJ 07512. 

7300 S. Central Ave., Chicago, IL 60638. 

13601 S. Ashland Ave., Riverdale, IL 60627. 



0. Box 147, Columbus, 



1313 Windsor Ave. 

OH 43216. 
600 Cortlandt St., Belleville, NJ 07109. 
Route 2, Box 50A, Elgin, SC 29045. 
P. 0. Box 419, Hawthorne, NJ 07502. 
1945 E. 97th St., Cleveland, OH 44106. 
173 Sussex St., Jersey City, NJ 07302. 
King George Post Rd., Fords, NJ 08863. 
900 Greenback Rd., Wilmington, DE 19808. 

P. 0. Box 899, Clinton, IA 52733. 

4620 W. 77th St., Minneapolis, MN 55435. 

310 N. Front St., P. 0. Box 1694, Wilmington, 

NC 28402. 
Petrochemical Complex, Ponce, PR 00731. 
910 Hercules Tower, Wilmington, DE 19899. 
33 Spraque Ave., Middletown, NY 10940. 
822 S. 14th St., Manitowoc, WI 54220. 
Ill E. Hawthorne Ave., Valley Stream, NY 11580. 
333 Linden Ave., Dayton, OH 45403. 
4166 Boston Rd., Bronx, NY 10475. 
205 Main St., Lodi, NJ 07644. 
7247 N. Central Park Ave., Skokie, IL 60076. 
324-424 Kingsland St., Nutley, NJ 07110. 
414 Wilson Ave., Newark, NJ 07105. 
MPO Box 8, Niagara Falls, NY 14302. 

Walck Rd., N. Tonawanda, NY 14121. 

P. 0. Box 456, Revin Rd., Burlington, NJ 08016. 

Madison & Van Buren Avenues, Valley Forge, PA 19482. 

Devine St., North Haven, CT 06473. 

One Wellington Rd., Lincoln, RI 02865. 

P. 0. Box 710, Huntington, IN 46750. 

62 Perimeter Center East, Atlanta, GA 30346. 

Charles and Chase Sts., Baltimore, MD 21201. 



Wilmington, DE 19897. 

Wilmington, DE 19897. 

Wilmington, DE 19897. 

Wilmington, DE 19897. 

1177 Summer St., Stanford, CT 06904. 

P. 0. Box 944, Joilet, IL 60434. 

4300 W. 130th St., Chicago, IL 60658. 

1255 Broad St., Clifton, NJ 07015, and 
150 Wagaraw Rd., Hawthorne, NJ 07506. 
Jackson & Swanson Sts., Philadelphia, PA 19148. 
3960 E. Washington Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90023. 



APPENDIX 



315 



TABLE 1. —Synthetic organic chemicals; Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, 

BY COMPANY, 1979- -CONTINUED 



Identi- 
fication 
code 



IFF 
IMC 



IPC 
CCA 
IOC 
IRI 
JCC 
JFR 
JEN 
JRG 
JSC 
JTO 
UPF 
JNS 
JOB 
JOR 



Name of company 



SNI 
KAI 
KLM 



KMP 

KCC 
KCU 
KPT 
AMP 
KYS 
KCW 
KNP 
KON 
KMC 
KPT 



HUM 

LKY 
LUR 
LEA 
LLI 
LEV 
LVR 
BLS 
LIL 

BRD 

MAK 
MMC 
SOR 
TZC 
MGR 
MAL 



International Flavor and Fragrances, Inc- 
International Minerals & Chemical Corp 



Foundry Products Div- 
McWorter Resins 



Nitroparaffins Div 

Interplastic Corp 

Interstab Chemicals, Inc 

Ionac Chemical Co. Div. of Sybron Corp- 

Ironsides Co 

Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc 

George A. Jeffreys & Co., Inc 

Jennison-Wright Corp 

Andrew Jergens Co 

Jersey State Chemical Co 

Jetco Chemicals, Inc 

Jim Walter Resources, Inc 

S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc 

Jones-Blair Co 

Jordan Chemical Co 



Kaiser Aluminum & Chemical Corp. : 

Kaiser Agricultural Chemicals Div 

Kaiser Chemicals Div 

Kalama Chemical, Inc 

Kay-Fries Inc., Member Dynamit 
Nobel Group. 

Kelly-Moore Paint Co 

Kennecott Minerals Co.: 

Chino Mines Div 

Utah Copper Div 

Kenrich Petrochemicals, Inc 

Kerr-McGee Chemical Corp 

Keysor Corp 

Keystone Color Works, Inc 

Knapp Products, Inc 



H. Kohnstamm & Co., Inc 

Komac Paint, Inc 

Koppers Co., Inc.: 

Organic Materials Group 

Roads Materials Group 

Kraft, Inc., Humko Sheffield Chemical 

Lake States Div. of Rhinelander Paper Corp- 

Laurel Products Corp 

Leatex Chemical Co 

Lee Laboratories, Inc 

Lever Brothers Co 

C. Lever Co., Inc 

Life Savers, Inc 

Eli Lilly & Co 



Lonza, Inc- 



MAK Chemical Corp 

MCB Manufacturing Chemists, Inc 

M.W. Manufacturers, Southern Resin Div- 

Magnesium Elektron, Inc 

Magruder Color Co . , Inc 

Mallinckrodt , Inc 



Office address 



521 W. 57th St., New York, NY 10019. 

P. 0. Box 207, Terra Haute, IN 47808, and 

P. 0. Box 149, Orrington, ME 04474. 
17350 Ryan Rd., Detroit, MI 48200. 
P. 0. Box 308, Cottage Place, Carpentersville, 

IL 60110. 
666 Garland PI., Des Plaines, IL 60016. 
2015 N.E. Broadway St., Minneapolis, MN 55413. 
500 Jersey Ave., New Brunswick, NJ 08903. 
Birmingham, NJ 08011. 
270 W. Mound St., Columbus, OH 43215. 
1111 Rush, Houston, TX 77052. 
P. 0. Box 709, Salem, VA 24153. 
P. 0. Box 691, Toledo, OH 43694. 
2535 Spring Grove Ave., Cincinnati, OH 45214. 
59 Lee Ave., Haldron, NJ 07508. 
P.O. Box 1898, Corsicana, TX 75110. 
3300 1st Ave. N., Birmingham, AL 35222. 
1525 Howe St., Racine, WI 53403. 
2729 Empire Central, Dallas, TX 75235. 
1830 Columbia Ave., Folcraft, PA 19032. 



P. 0. Box 246, Savannah, GA 31402. 

P. 0. Box 337, Gramercy, LA 70052. 

Suite 1110, Bank of California Center, Seattle, WA 98164. 

200 Summit Ave., Montvale, NJ 07645. 

987 Commercial St., San Carlos, CA 94070. 

Hurley, NM 88043. 

P. 0. Box 6500, Salt Lake City, UT 84106. 

P. 0. Box 64, Bayonne, NJ 07002. 

1406 McGee Tower, Oklahoma City, OK 73102. 

P. 0. Box 308, Saugus, CA 91350. 

151 W. Gay Ave., York, PA 17403. 

187 Garibaldi Ave., Lodi, NJ 07644. 

161 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10013. 

P. 0. Box 546, Denver, CO 80201. 

Koppers Bldg., Pittsburgh, PA 15219. 
Koppers Bldg., Pittsburgh, PA 15219. 
P. 0. Box 398, Memphis, TN 38101. 

515 W. Davenport St., Rhinelander, WI 54501. 

2600 E. Tioga St., Philadelphia, PA 19134. 

2722 N. Hancock St., Philadelphia, PA 19133. 

2999 Frontage Rd., Petersburg, VA 23803. 

390 Park Ave., New York, NY 10022. 

736 Dunks Ferry Rd., Bensalem, PA 19020. 

Church St., Canajoharie, NY 13317. 

307 E. McCarty St., Indianapolis, IN 46285, and G.P.O. 

Box 4388, San Juan, PR 00936. 
22-10 Route 208, Fair Lawn, NJ 07410. 

1200 Rochester Ave., Muncie, IN 47302. 

2909 Highland Ave., Norwood, OH 45212. 

P. 0. Box 68, Thomasville, NC 27360. 

Star Route A, Box 202-1, Flemington, NJ 08822. 

1029 Newark Ave., Elizabeth, NJ 07201. 

675 Brown Rd., St. Louis,. M0 63134. 



316 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



TABLE 1. —Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, 

BY COMPANY, 1979— CONTINUED 



Name of company 



Office address 



Marathon Morco Co 

Marathon Oil Co., Texas Refining Div 

Marblette Co 

Marden-Wild Corp 

Marlowe-Van Loan Corp 

Martin-Marietta Corp., Sodyeco Div 

Max Marx Color & Chemical Co 

Masonite Corp., Alpine Chemical Div 

Otto B. May Co. Div. of Cone Mills Corp- 

Mayo Chemical Co., Inc 

McCloskey Varnish Co 

McCloskey Varnish Co. of the Northwest — 

McCloskey Varnish Co. of the West 

McLaughlin Gormley King Co 

Mead Johnson & Co ~ 

Melamine Chemicals, Inc 

Merck 6. Co., Inc 

Merichem Co 



Miles Laboratories, Inc., Industrial 

Products Group. 
Milllken & Co., Milliken Chemical Co- 
Millmaster Onyx Corp. : 

Millmaster Chemical Co. Div 

Onyx Chemical Co. Div 

Refined Onyx Co. Div 

Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co — 

Miranol Chemical Co., Inc 

Mississippi Chemical Corp 

Mobay Chemical Corp 

Agricultural Chemicals Div 

Dyestuf f Div 

Mobil Oil Corp. : 

Gas Liquids Dept 

Mobil Chemical Co 

Chemical Coatings Div 

Petrochemicals Div 

Phosphorus Div 

Mona Industries, Inc 

Mono chem , Inc 

Monroe Chemical, Inc 

Monsanto Co 



Montrose Chemical Corp. of Calif ornia- 

Mooney Chemicals, Inc 

Moretex Chemical Products, Inc 

Morton Norwich Products, Inc.: 

Morton Chemical Co. Div 

Norwich Eaton Pharmaceutical Div 

Texize Div 

Motomco , Inc 

Mount Pleasant Chemical Co 

Murphy-Phoenix Co 



NL Industries, Inc 

N-ReN Corp., Cherokee Nitrogen Div 

Napp Chemicals, Inc 

National Biochemical Co 

National Casein Co 

National Distillers & Chemicals Corp.: 

U.S. Industrial Chemicals Co 

National Petro Chemical Corp 

National Milling & Chemical Co 



P. 0. Drawer C, Dickinson, TX 77539. 

539 S. Main St., Findlay, OH 48540. 

37-31 30th St., Long Island City, NY 11101. 

500 Columbia St., Somerville, MA 02143. 

P. 0. Box 1851, High Point, NC 27261. 

P. 0. Box 33429, Charlotte, NC 28233. 

192 Coit St., Irvington, NJ 07111. 

P. 0. Box 2392, Gulfport, MS 39503. 

52 Amsterdam St., Newark, NJ 07105. 

5544 Oakdale Rd., Smyrna, GA 30080. 

7600 State Rd., Philadelphia, PA 19136. 

4155 N.W. Yeon Ave., Portland, OR 97210. 

5501 E. Slauson, Los Angeles, CA 90040. 

8810 10th Ave., N. , Minneapolis, MN 55427. 

2404 Penna. St., Evansville, IN 47721. 

P. 0. Box 748, Donaldsonville, LA 70346. 

126 E. Lincoln Ave., P. 0. Box 2000, Rahway, NJ 07065. 

1914 Haden Rd., Houston, TX 77015. 

P. 0. Box 932, Elkhart, IN 46515. 

P. 0. Box 817, Inman, SC 29349. 

99 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 

14010 S. Seeley Ave., Blue Island, IL 60406. 

624 Schuylin Ave., Lyndhurst, NJ 07071. 

3M Center, St. Paul, MN 55144. 

P. 0. Box 411, Dayton, NJ 08810. 

P. 0. Box 388, Yazoo City, MS 39194. 

Penn Lincoln Parkway, W. Pittsburgh, PA 15205. 

P. 0. Box 4913, Hawthorne Rd., Kansas City, MO 64120. 

Iorio Ct., Union, NJ 07083. 

P. 0. Box 900, Dallas, TX 75221. 

P. 0. Box 726, Paramus, NJ 07652. 

1024 South Ave., Plainfield, NJ 07062. 

One Greenway Plaza - Suite 1100, Houston TX 77046. 

P. 0. Box 26683, Richmond, VA 23261. 

76 E. 24th St., Paterson, NJ 07544. 

P. 0. Box 488, Geismar, LA 70734. 

1296 N.W. 3d, Kalama, WA 98625. 

800 N. Lindbergh Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63166. 

2401 Morris Ave., P. 0. Box E, Union, NJ 07083. 

2301 Scranton Rd., Cleveland, OH 44113. 

314 W. Henry St., P. 0. Box 1799, Spartanburg, SC 29304. 

2 N. Riverside Plaza, Chicago, IL 60606. 

17 Eaton Ave., Norwich, NY 13815. 

P. 0. Box 368, Greenville, SC 29602. 

267 Vreeland Ave., P. 0. Box 300, Paterson, NJ 07513. 

Mt. Joy Rd., P. 0. Box 69, Mt Pleasant, TN 38474. 

P. 0. Box 22930, Beechwood, OH 44122. 

1230 Aveune of the Americas, New York, NY 10020. 

P. 0. Box 429, Pryor, OK 74361. 

199 Main St., Lodi, NJ 07644. 

3127 W. Lake St., Chicago, IL 60612. 

601 W. 80th St., Chicago, IL 60620. 

99 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 
99 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 
4601 Flat Rock Rd., Philadelphia, PA 19127. 



APPENDIX 



317 



TABLE 1.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, 

BY COMPANY— CONTINUED 



Identi- 
fication 
code 



Name of company 



Office address 



NSC 
NEP 
NEV 
NCC 
NLO 
NCP 

NIL 
CNP 
NOC 

NEO 

NPV 

LMI 

NWP 

NW 

NPC 

NCW 

CAD 

OBC 
OMC 

ONX 
OPC 
ORG 
BSW 
OCF 
OCC 
OXI 

PBI 
PLB 
PPG 

PVO 

AMR 
PNT 
PSC 
CHP 
CCH 
PEK 
PCH 
AES 
PAS 
V1TL 
PAR 
PER 
PST 
UDI 
PRL 
PTT 
PFN 
PCW 
PFZ 

PHR 
PDI 



National Starch & Chemical Corp 

Nepera Chemical Co., Inc 

Neville Chemical Co 

Niacet Corp 

Niklor Chemical Co . , Inc 

Niles Chemical Paint Co., Kordell Industries 

Div. 

Nilok Chemicals, Inc 

Nipro , Inc 1 

Norac Co., Inc 

Mathe Div 

Nor da , Inc 

Norris Paint & Varnish Co., Inc 

North American Chemical Co 

Northern Petrochemical Co 

Northwestern Chemical Co 

Northwest Petrochemical Corp 

Nostrip Chemical Works, Inc 

Noury Chemical Corp 

' Br ien Corp 

Olin Corp 

Agricultural Products Dept 

Onyx Chemical Co '■ 

Orbis Products Corp 

Organics , Inc 

Original Bradford Soap Works, Inc 

Owens-Corning Fiberglas Corp 

Oxirane Chemical Co 

Oxirane Chemical Co. (Channelview) 



PBI-Gordon Corp 

P-L Biochemicals, Inc- 
PPG Industries, Inc 



PVO International, Inc., Chemical 

Specialties Div. 

Pacific Resins & Chemicals, Inc 

Pantasote, Inc., Film/Compound Div- 

Passaic Color & Chemical Co 

C. H. Patrick & Co., Inc 

Pearsall Chemical Corp — 

Peck's Products Co 

Peerless Chemical Co 

Penetone Corp 

Pennwalt Corp 

Lucidol Div 



Pennzoil Co., Penreco Div 

Perry & Derrick Co., Inc 

Per storp , Inc 

Petrochemicals Co., Inc 

Petrolite Corp 

Petro-Tex Chemical Corp 

Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc 

Pfister Chemical, Inc 

Pfizer, Inc 

Pfizer Pharmaceuticals, Inc 

Pharmachem Corp 

Phelps Dodge Industries, Inc., Phelps Dodge 

Magnet Wire Co. Div. 
Phillips Paraxylene, Inc ___- 



10 Finderne Ave., Bridgewater, NJ 08876. 
Route 17, Harriman, NY 10926. 
Neville Island P. 0., Pittsburgh, PA 15225. 
400 47th St., Niagara Falls, NY 14302. 
2060 E. 220th St., Long Beach, CA 90810. 
1413 Clover Rd., Mishawaka, IN 46544. 

2235 Langdon Farm Rd., Cincinnati, OH 45230. 

P. 0. Box 1483, Augusta, GA 30903. 

405 S. Motor Ave., Azusa, CA 91703. 

169 Kennedy Dr., Lodi, NJ 07644. 

140 Route 10, E. Hanover, NJ 07936. 

P. 0. Box 2023, Salem, OR 97308. 

19 S. Canal St., Lawrence, MA 01843. 

2223 Dodge St., Omaha, NB 68102. 

120 N. Aurora St., W. Chicago, IL 60185. 

P. 0. Box 99, Anacortes, WA 98221. 

P. 0. Box 160, Pedricktown, NJ 08067. 

2153 Lockport-Olcott Rd., Burt, NY 14028. 

450 E. Grand Ave., S. San Francisco, CA 94080. 

120 Long Ridge Rd., Stamford, CT 06904. 

P. 0. Box 991, Little Rock, AR 72203. 

190 Warren St., Jersey City, NJ 07302. 

140 Route 10, E. Hanover, NJ 07936. 

7125 N. Clark St., Chicago, IL 60628. 

200 Providence St., W. Warwick, RI 02893. 

Fiberglas Tower, Toledo, OH 43659. 

10801 Choate Rd., Pasadina, TX 77507. 

P. 0. Box 580, Channelview, TX 77530. 

300 S. Third St., P. 0. Box 2276, Kansas City, KS 66110. 
1037 W. McKinley Ave., Milwaukee, WI 53201. 
1 Gateway Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15222, and 

P. 0. Box 66251-AMF-0'Hare, Chicago, IL 60666. 
416 Division St., Boonton, NJ 07005. 

1754 Thorne Rd., Tacoma, WA 93421. 

26 Jefferson St., Passaic, NJ 07056. 

28-36 Paterson St., Paterson, NJ 07501. 

P. 0. Box 2526, Greenville, SC 29602. 

P. 0. Box 437, Houston, TX 77001. 

610 E. Clarence Ave., St. Louis, M0 63147. 

12416 Cloverdale St., Detroit, MI 48204. 

74 Hudson Ave., Tenafly, NJ 07670. 

3 Parkway, Philadelphia, PA 19102. 

1740 Military Rd., Buffalo, NY 14240. 

Union Bs.nk Bldg., Butler, PA 16001. 

2510 Highland Ave., Norwood, OH 45212. 

238 Nonotuck St., Florence, MA 01060. 

500 E. Central St., P. 0. Box 2199, Fort Worth, TX 76113. 

100 N. Boradway, St. Louis, MO 63102. 

P. 0. Box 2584, Houston, TX 77001. 

1219 Glen Rock Ave., Waukegan, IL 60085. 

Linden Ave., Ridgefield, NJ 07657. 

235 E. 42d St., New York, NY 10017. 

P. 0. Box 628, Barceloneta, PR 00617. 

719 Stefko Blvd., Bethlehem, PA 18018. 

132 E. Creighton Ave., Fort Wayne, IN 46861. 

G.P.O. Box 4129, San Juan, PR 00936. 



318 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



TABLE 1.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, 
by company, 1979— continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Phillips Petroleum Co 

Phillips Puerto Rico Core, Inc- 
Pierce Chemical Co 



Pilot Chemical Co 

Pioneer Plastics Div. of LOF Plastics, 
Inc. 

Pitt-Consol Chemical Co 

Plaskon Products, Inc 

Plaslok Corp 

Plastics Engineering Co 

Plastics Manufacturing Co 

Plex Chemical Corp 

Polyrez Co., Inc 

Polysar, Inc. : 

Polysar Latex Div 

Resins Div 



Polyvinyl Chemical Industries 

Pope Chemical Corp 

Pratt & Lambert, Inc 

Premier Malt Products, Inc 

Procter & Gamble Co., Procter & Gamble 
Mfg. Co. 

Proctor Chemical Co 

Products Research & Chemical Corp 

Publicker Industries, Inc 

Puerto Rico Chemical Co., Inc 

Purex Corp 



Quaker Chemical Corp 

Quaker Oats Co 

K. J. Quinn & Co. , Inc 

Quintana-Howell Joint Venture 

R. S . A. Corp 

Rachelle Laboratories, Inc 

Racon , Inc 

Raybestos Friction Materials Co 

Red Spot Paint & Varnish Co., Inc 

Reheis Chemical Co. Div. of Armour 
Pharmaceutical Co. 

Reichhold Chemicals, Inc 

Reilly Tar & Chemical Corp 

Reliance Universal, Inc., Louisville 
Resins Operation 

Remington Arms Co., Inc 

Rexene Co 

Rhone-Poulenc , Inc 

Richard son Co 



Polymeric Systems Div 

Richardson-Merrell, Inc., Merrell-National 

Laboratories Div. 

Rico Chemical Corp 

Ridgway Color & Chemical 

Riker Laboratories, Inc., Sub. of 3M Co 

Rilsan Corp 

Ritter International 

Riverdale Chemical Co 

Robeco Chemicals, Inc 

Robinson Wagner Co. , Inc 



15 Phillips Bldg., Bartlesville, OK 74004. 
G.P.O. Box 4129, San Juan, PR 00936. 
3747 N. Meridian Rd., P. 0. Box 117, 

Rockford, IL 61103. 
11756 Burke St., Santa Fe Springs, CA 90670. 
Pionite Rd., Auburn, ME 04210. 

P. 0. Box 1267, Ponca City, OK 74601. 
2829 Glendale Ave., Toledo, OH 43614. 
3155 Broadway, Buffalo, NY 14227. 
3518 Lakeshore Rd., Sheboygan, WI 53081. 
2700 S. Westmoreland, Dallas, TX 75224. 
1205 Atlantic St., Union City, CA 94487. 
P. 0. Box 320, Woodbury, NJ 08096. 

3805 Amnicola Hwy. , Chattanooga, TN 37406. 

29 Fuller St., Leominster, MA 01453. 

730 Main St., Wilmington, MA 01887. 

33 6th Ave., Paterson, NJ 07524. 

P. 0. Box 22, Buffalo, NY 14240. 

917 W. Juneau Ave., Milwaukee, WI 53201. 

P. 0. Box 599, Cincinnati, OH 45201. 

P. 0. Box 399, Salisbury, NC 28144. 
P. 0. Box 1800, Glendale, CA 91209. 
777 W. Putnam Ave., Greenwich, CT 06830. 
P. 0. Box 496, Arecibo, PR 00612. 
5101 Clark Ave., Lakewood, CA 90712. 

Lime & Elm Sts., Conshohocken, PA 19428. 
Merchandise Mart Plaza, Chicago, IL 60654. 
195 Canal St., Maiden, MA 02148. 
P. 0. Box 4656, Corpus Christi, TX 79408. 



690 Saw Mill River Rd. , Ardsley, NY 
700 Henry Ford Ave., Long Beach, CA 
P. 0. Box 198, Witchita, KS 67201. 
75 E. Main St., Stratford, CT 06497. 
110 Main St., Evansville, IN 47703. 
235 Snyder Ave., Berkeley Hgts., NJ 



10502. 
90801. 



07922. 



525 N. Broadway, White Plains, NY 10603. 
1510 Market Square Center, 151 N. Delaware St. 

Indianapolis, IN 46204. 
P. 0. Box 21-423, Louisville, KY 40221. 

939 Barnum Ave., Bridgeport, CT 06602. 

W. 115 Century Rd., Paramus, NJ 07652. 

120 Jersey Ave., New Brunswick, NJ 08903. 

2400 E. Devon Ave., Des Plaines, IL 60018. 

15 Meigs Ave., Madison, CT 06443. 

2110 E. Galbraith Rd., Cincinnati, OH 45215. 

P. 0. Box 387, Magas Ward, Guayanilla, PR 006 

75 Front St., Ridgway, PA 15853. 

19901 Nordhoff St., Northridge, CA 91324. 

139 Harristown Rd., Glen Roc, NJ 07452. 

4001 Goodwin Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90039. 

220 E. 17th St., Chicago Heights, IL 60411. 

99 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 

628 Waverly Ave., Mamaroneck, NY 10543. 



APPENDIX 



319 



TABLE 1.- 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, 
by company, 1979— continued 



Identi- 
fication 
code 



Name of company 



Office address 



MFG 
ORT 

RGC 
RH 
RUC 

NES 



SOS 
NPR 
STX 
SLM 
SAL 



SAR 
SCN 
SBC 
SCH 

SCO 

SPR 

SPA 

SEA 

SRL 

SKP 

SHO 

SHC 

SHP 

SHX 

SW 

SHT 

SID 

SMP 

SIM 

GFS 



SLT 
SLC 
SAC 
SOP 

ACT 
SOL 
SWR 
SPL 
OMS 
TRD 



STA 

CLN 



Rockwell International Corp 

Roehr Chemicals, Inc. Div. of Aceto 
Industrial Chemical Corp. 

Rogers Corp 

Rohm & Haas Co 

Rubicon Chemicals, Inc 

Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co 

SCM Corp. : 

Coatings & Resins Div 

Organic Chemicals Div 

SSC Industries, Inc 

Safeway Stores, Inc 

St. Croix Petrochemical Corp 

Salem Oil & Grease Co 

Salsbury Laboratories 

Sandoz, Inc.: 

Colors & Chemicals Div 

Colors & Chemicals Div 

Crop Protection 

Sartomer Industries, Inc 

Schenectady Chemicals, Inc 

Scher Bros., Inc 



Schering Corp., U.S. Pharmaceutical Products 
Div. 

Scholler Bros., Inc 

Scientific Protein Laboratories, Inc 

Scott Paper Co 



Seaboard Chemicals, Inc 

G. D. Searle & Co., Searle Chemicals Inc 

Shakespeare Co., Monofilament Div 

Shell Oil Co 

Shell Chemical Co. Div 

Shepherd Chemical Co 

Sherex Chemical Co., Inc 

Sherwin-Williams Co 

Shin tech , Inc 

George F. Siddall Co., Inc 

J. R. Simplot Co., Minerals Chemical Div 

Simpson Timber Co., Chemicals Div 

G. Frederick Smith Chemical Co 

SmithKline Corp., SmithKline Chemicals 
Div. 

Soltex Polymer Corp 

Soluol Chemical Co., Inc 

Southeastern Adhesives Co 

Southern Chemical Products Co., Inc 

Southland Corp.: 

Chemical Div 

Chemical Div 

Southwestern Refining Co 



Spaulding Fibre Co., Inc 

E. R. Squibb & Sons, Inc 

Squibb Manufacturing, Inc., Manufacturing 

Enterprises, Inc., Trade Enterprises, 

Inc., Ersana, Inc. 

A. E. Staley Mfg. Co 

Standard Brands, Inc., Clinton Corn 

Processing Co. Div. 



4501 Benefit Ave., Ashtabula, OH 44004. 
52-20 37th St., Long Island City, NY 11101. 

P. 0. Box 550, Rogers, CT 06263. 

Independence Mall West, Philadelphia, PA 19105. 

P. 0. Box 517, Geismar, LA 70734. 

P. 0. Box 221, State College, PA 16801. 



900 Union Commerce Bldg., Cleveland, OH 44115. 

299 Park Ave., New York, NY 10017. 

1550 E. Taylor Ave., East Point, GA 30344. 

2800 Ygnacio Valley Rd., Walnut Creek, CA 94621. 

Estate Hope, St. Croix, U.S., VI 00820. 

60 Grove St., Salem, MA 01970. 

2000 Rockford Rd., Charles City, IA 50616. 

3rd St. & Fair Lawn Ave., Fair Lawn, NJ 07410. 

Route #10, E. Hanover, NJ 07936. 

480 Camino Del Rio South, San Diego, CA 92108. 

Gov. Printz Blvd. & Wanamaker Ave., Essington, PA 19029 

P. 0. Box 1046, Schenectady, NY 12301. 

Industrial West, Clifton, NJ 07012. 

1011 Morris Ave., Union, NJ 07083. 

Collins and Westmoreland Sts., Philadelphia, PA 19134. 

P. 0. Box 158, Waunakee, WI 53597. 

2600 Federal Ave., Everett, WA 98201. 

30 Foster St., Salem, MA 01970. 

P. 0. Box 8526, Chicago, IL 60680. 

P. 0. Box 246, Columbia, SC 29204. 

P. 0. Box 2463, Houston, TX 77001. 

P. 0. Box 2463, Houston, TX 77001. 

4900 Beech St., Cincinnati, OH 45212. 

P. 0. Box 646, Dublin, OH 43017. 

1370 Ontario St. P. 0. Box 6520, Cleveland, OH 44113. 

3800 Buffalo Speedway-Suite 210, Houston, TX 77098. 

P. 0. Box 925, Spartanburg, SC 29304. 

P. 0. Box 912, Pocatello, ID 83210. 

2301 N. Columbia Blvd., Portland, OR 97217. 

867 McKinley Ave., P. 0. Box 23214, Columbus, OH 

43223. 
1500 Spring Garden St., P. 0. Box 7929, 

Philadelphia, PA 19101. 
P. 0. Box 1000, Deer Park, TX 77536. 
Green Hill and Market Sts., W. Warwick, RI 02893. 
P. 0. Box 791, Lenoir, NC 28645. 
430 Lower Boundary St., P. 0. Box 205, Macon, GA 31202. 

7666 W. 63d St., Summit, IL 60501. 

2841 Pierce St., Dallas TX 75233. 

P. 0. Box 9217, Corpus Christi, TX 78408. 

310 Wheeler St., Tonawanda, NY 14150. 

40 W. 57th St., New York, NY 10019. 

P. 0. Box 609, Humacao, PR 00661. 



2200 E. Eldorado St., Decatur, IL 62525. 

1251 Beaver Channel Parkway, Clinton, IA 52733. 



320 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



TABLE 1.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, 

BY COMPANY, 1979—CONTINUED 



Name of company 



Office address 



Standard Chlorine of Delaware, Inc 

Standard Oil Co. ; 

Standard Oil Company (Indiana) 

Standard Oil Co. of California, Chevron 
Chemical Co. 

Standard T Chemical, Inc 

Stange Co 

Stauffer Chemical Co. : 

Agricultural Div 

Calhio Chemicals, Inc 

Food Ingredients Div 

Industrial Div 

Plastics Div 

Specialty Div 

SWS Silicones Div 

Stepan Chemical Co 

Polychem Dep t 

Sterling Drug, Inc. : 

Hilton Davis Chemical Co. Div 

Sterling Organics Div 

Thomasset Colors Div 

Stockhausen , Inc 

Sugar Beet Products Co 

Sun Chemical Corp 

Chemicals Div 

Sun Company, Inc 

Sunkist Growers, Inc 

SunOlin Chemical Co 

Sybron Corp., Chemical Division/Tanatex 

Synair Corp 

Synalloy Corp., Blackman Uhler Chemical 
Div. 

Syncon Resins, Inc 

Synres Chemical Corp 

Syntex Agribusiness, Inc 

Charles S. Tanner Co 

Teknor Apex Co 

Tenneco Chemicals, Inc 

Tenneco Oil Co., P & M 

Tennessee Valley Authority A204 NFDC, Div. 

of Chemical Operations 

Terra Chemicals International, Inc 

Terra Nitrogen, Inc 

Terrell Corp 

Texaco , Inc ■ 

Texas Alkyls, Inc 

Texas-U.S. Chemical Co 

Textron, Inc., Spencer Kellogg Div 

Thiokol Corp 

Ventron Div 

Thompson Hayward Chemical Co 

Toms River Chemical Corp 

Trancoa Chemical Corp 

Triad Chemical 

Troy Chemical Co 

Twin Lake Chemical, Inc 



1035 Belleville Turnpike, Kearny, NJ 07032. 

397 Midland Bldg., Cleveland, OH 44115. 

P. 0. Box 5910-A, Mail Code 3503, Chicago, IL 60680. 

575 Market St., San Francisco, CA 94105. 

P. 0. Box A-3351, Chicago, IL 60690. 
342 N. Western Ave., Chicago, IL 60612. 



94108. 
94108. 
94108. 
94108. 
94108. 
94108. 
94108. 



636 California St., San Francisco, CA 
636 California St., San Francisco, CA 
636 California St., San Francisco, CA 
636 California St., San Francisco, CA 
636 California St., San Francisco, CA 
636 California St., San Francisoc, CA 
636 California St., San Francisco, CA 
RR #1, Elwood, IL 60421, and 

100 West Hunter Ave., Maywood, NJ 07607. 
51 Eames St., Wilmington, MA 01887. 

2235 Langdon Farm Rd., Cincinnati, OH 45237. 
90 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 
2235 Langdon Farm Rd., Cincinnati, OH 45237. 
P. 0. Box 16025, Greensboro, NC 27406. 
302 Waller St., P. 0. Box 1387, Saginaw, 

MI 48605. 
411 Sun Ave., Cincinnati, OH 45232. 
P. 0. Box 70, Chester, SC 29706. 
100 Matsonford Rd., Radnor, PA 19087. 
P. 0. Box 7888, Van Nuys, CA 91409. 
P. 0. Box F, Claymont, DE 19703. 
P. 0. Box 125, Wellford, SC 29385. 
2003 Amnicola Highway, Chattanooga, TN 37406. 
P. 0. Box 5627, Spartanburg, SC 29304. 

77 Jacobus Ave., S. Kearny, NJ 07032. 

1036 Commerce Ave., Union, NJ 07038. 

P. 0. Box 1246 S.S.S., Springfield, M0 65805. 

1310 Barcelona Dr., Greenville, SC 29605. 

505 Central Ave., Pawtucket, RI 02661. 

Park Eighty Plaza West-One, Saddle Brook, NJ 07662. 

P. 0. Box 2511, Houston, TX 77018. 

Muscle Shoals, AL 35660. 

P. 0. Box 1828, Sioux City, IA 51102. 
P. 0. Box 1828, Sioux City, IA 51102. 
820 Woburn St., Wilmington, MA 01887. 
2000 Westchester Ave., White Plains, NY 10650. 
P. 0. Box 600, Deer Park, TX 77536. 
P. 0. Box 667, Port Neches, TX 77651. 
120 Delaware Ave., Buffalo, NY 14240. 
P. 0. Box 1000, Newtown, PA 18940. 
152 Andovin St., Danvers, MA 01923. 
2 E. Madison St., Waukegan, IL 60085, and 
5200 Speaker Rd., Kansas City, M0 66110. 
P. 0. Box 71, Toms River, NJ 08753. 
312 Ash St., Reading, MA 01867. 
P. 0. Box 310, Donaldsonville, LA 70346. 
One Avenue L, Newark, NJ 07105. 
P. 0. Box 411, Lochport, NY 14094. 



APPENDIX 



321 



TABLE 1.— Synthetic organic chemicals; Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, 

BY COMPANY, 1979— CONTINUED 



Identi- 
fication 
code 



Name of company- 



Office address 



UPM 
UOP 
USM 



ARM 
USS 
NVT 

UHL 

UNG 

WTH 
NCI 
NCI 
UCC 
UOC 

USR 
UNN 
UNO 
ROM 

USB 
USO 
UPJ 

CWN 



VSV 
VLN 
MNP 
VNC 

VND 
VEL 
VTC 
VIK 
VIN 
VCC 
VGC 
SOH 
SIC 
VTM 
FRO 

WJ 
PD 
WAG 
WCA 



WVA 
WRD 
WBG 
WHI 
WCC 
WHL 
APT 



UOP , Inc 

Chemical Div 

USM Corp.: 

Bostik Div., Southern Region 

Bostik U.S. Div 

USS Agri-Chemicals Div. of U.S. Steel Corp- 

USS Chemicals Div. of U.S. Steel Corp 

USS Novamont, Inc 



Paul Uhlich & Co., 
Ungerer & Co 



Inc- 



Union Camp Corp 

Chemical Products Div 

Terpene & Aromatics Div 

Union Carbide Corp 

Union Oil Co. of California- 
Union Chemicals Div 



Uniroyal, Inc., Uniroyal Chemical Div — 

United Chemical Corp. of Norwood 

United-Erie, Inc 

United Merchants & Manufacturers, Inc., 

Roma Chemical Div. 

U.S. Borax & Chemical Corp 

U.S. Oil Co 

Up j ohn Co 

Fine Chemical Div 



Valchem Div. of United Merchants 
& Manufacturers, Inc. 

Valentine Sugars, Inc., Valite Div 

Valley Nitrogen Producers, Inc 

The Valspar Corp 

Vanderbilt Chemical Corp 



Van Dyk & Co., Inc 

Velsicol Chemical Corp 

Vertac, Inc., Vicksburg Plant 

Viking Chemical Co 

Vineland Chemical Co., Inc 

Vinings Chemical Co 



Virginia Chemicals, Inc 

Vistron Corp 

Silmar Div 

Vitamins , Inc 

Vulcan Materials Co., Chemicals Div- 



Warner-Jenkinson Co 

Warner-Lambert 

West Agro-Chemical, Inc 

West Coast Adhesives Co 

Westinghouse Electric Corp., Industrial 
Materials Div. 

Westvaco Corp., Polychemicals Dept 

Weyerhaeuser Co 

White & Bagley Co 

White & Hodges, Inc 

White Chemical Corp 



Whitmoyer Laboratories, Inc 

Whittaker Corp., Whittaker Coatings & 
Chemicals, Mol Rez Resins. 



10 UOP Plaza, Des Plaines, IL 60016. 
State Highway 17, E. Rutherway, NJ 07073. 

P. 0. Box 5695, Greenville, SC 29606. 

Boston St., Middleton, VA 01949. 

P. 0. Box 1685, Atlanta, GA 30301. 

600 Grant St., Rm. 2880, Pittsburgh, PA 15230. 

600 Grant St., Pittsburgh, PA 15219, and 

P.O. Box 189, Kenova, WV 25530. 
1 Railroad Ave., Hastings-on-Hudson, NY 10706. 
4 Brldgewater Lane, P. 0. Box U, Lincoln Park, 

NJ 07035. 
P. 0. Box 220, Dover, OH 44622. 
1600 Valley Rd., Wayne, NJ 07470. 
P. 0. Box 60369, Jacksonville, FL 32205. 
P. 0. Box 8004, S. Charleston, WV 25303. 
1650 E. Golf Rd., Schaumburg, IL 60196. 
P. 0. Box 60455, Los Angeles, CA 90060. 
Ernie Bldg., Spencer St., Naugatuck, CT 06770. 
Endicott St., Norwood, MA 02062. 
438 Huron St., Erie, PA 16512. 
749 Quequechan St., Fall River, MA 02721. 

3075 Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90005. 

P. 0. Box 4228, Dexter Rd., E. Providence, RI 02914. 

7000 Portage Rd., Kalamazoo, MI 49002. 

410 Sackett Point Rd., North Haven, CT 06473. 

1407 Broadway, New York, NY 10018. 

726 Whitney Bldg., New Orleans, LA 70130. 

1221 Van Ness Ave., Fresno, CA 93721. 

1101 S. 3d St., Minneapolis, MN 55440. 

31 Taylor Ave., Bethel, CT 06801, and Rt. 5 - Box 54 

Murray, KY 42071. 
Main & Williams Sts., Belleville, NJ 07109. 
341 E. Ohio St., Chicago, IL 60611. 
P. 0. Box 3, Vicksburg, MS 39180. 
838 Baker Bldg., Minneapolis, MN 55402. 
W. Wheat Rd., Vineland, NJ 08360. 

2555 Cumberland Pkwy. , Suite 200, Atlanta, GA 3033S 
3340 W. Norfolk Rd., Portsmouth, VA 23703. 
314 Midland Bldg., Cleveland, OH 44115. 
12333 S. Van Ness Ave., Hawthorne, CA 90250. 

200 E. Randolph Dr., Chicago, IL 60601. 
P. 0. Box 7689, Birmingham, AL 35223. 

2526 Baldwin St., St. Louis, MO 63106. 

201 Tabor Rd., Morris Plains, NJ 07950. 

P. 0. Box 1386, Shawnee Mission, KS 66222. 
11104 N.W. Front Ave., Portland, OR 97231. 
Manor, PA 15665. 

P. 0. Box 70848, Charleston Heights, SC 29405. 

P. 0. Box 130, Marshfield, WI 54449. 

P. 0. Box 706, Worcester, MA 01613. 

576 Lawrence St., Lowell, MA 01853. 

Foot of East 22nd St., Bayonne, NJ 07002. 

19 N. Railroad St., Myerstown, PA 17067. 

3134 California St., NE., Minneapolis, MN 55418. 



322 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 

TABLE 1.— Synthetic organic chemicals; Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, 

BY COMPANY, 1979— CONTINUED 



Identi- 
fication 
code 



Name of company 



Office address 



WHW 
WLN 
WTC 
WAW 
WBC 

WCL 

WYC 

WYT 



Whittemore-Wright Co., Inc 

Wilmington Chemical Corp 

Witco Chemical Corp 

W. A. Wood Co 

Worthington Diagnostics Div. of Millipore 

Corp. 

Wright Chemical Corp 

Wycon Chemical Co 

Wyeth Laboratories, Inc., Wyeth Laboratories 

Div. of American Home Products Corp. 



62 Alford St., Boston, MA 02129. 
P. 0. Box 66, Wilmington, DE 19899. 
P. 0. Box 305, Paramus, NJ 07652. 
108 Spring St., Everett, MA 02149. 
Halls Mill Rd., Freehold, NJ 07728. 

Acme Station, Riegelwood, NC 28456. 
9 Greenway Plaza, Houston, TX 77046. 
P. 0. Box 831, Paoli, PA 19301. 



APPENDIX 323 

U.S. IMPORTS OF BENZENOID CHEMICALS AND PRODUCTS 



U.S. general imports of benzenoid chemicals and products entered under 
the Tariff Schedules of the United States (TSUS) , schedule 4, part 1, sub- 
parts B and C are analyzed by the U.S. International Trade Commission annually 
and published in detail in a separate report. 1 General imports of benzenoid 
items entered in parts IB and 1C totaled 6,641 million pounds with a foreign 
invoice value of $1,108.7 million in 1979, compared with 487.6 million pounds 
with a foreign invoice value of $663.0 million in 1978. 

Benzenoid products that are "competitive" with similar domestic products, 
because they accomplish results substantially equal to those accomplished by 
the similar domestic product when used in substantially the same manner, are 
subject to a special basis of valuation for customs purposes known as the 
"American selling price." If "noncompetitive," the benzenoid products are 
valued for customs purposes on the basis of the "United States value." The 
essential difference between these two values is that "American selling price" 
is based on the wholesale price in the United States of the "competitive" 
domestic product, whereas "United States value" is based on the wholesale 
price in the United States of the imported product less most of the expenses 
incurred in bringing the product to the United States and selling it. When 
neither of these two valuation bases applies, then the "export value," "for- 
eign value," or "constructed value" is used as the valuation basis under sec- 
tion 402 and 402a of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended. The competitive status 
of benzenoid imports in 1979 is shown in table 2. 

Industrial organic chemicals that are entered under part IB consist chiefly 
of benzenoid intermediates and small quantities of acyclic compounds which are 
derived in whole or in part from benzenoid compounds. Also included are mix- 
tures and small quantities of finished products not specially provided for in 
part 1C (e.g., rubber-processing chemicals). In terms of value, 32.0 percent 
of all the benzenoid imports under part IB in 1979 came from West Germany; 24.7 
percent, from Japan; 8.1 percent, from the United Kingdom; and 7.0 percent, 
from Switzerland. 

Finished organic chemical products entered under part 1C include dyes, pig- 
ments, medicinals, flavor and perfume materials, pesticides, plastics materials, 
and certain other specified products. In terms of value 30.1 percent of all 
finished benzenoid imports under part 1C in 1979 came from West Germany; 14.8 
percent, from the United Kingdom; and 12.5 percent, from Japan. 



1 Imports of Benzenoid Chemicals and Products, 1979, USITC Publication 1083, 
July 1980. 



324 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 

TABLE 2.— Benzenoid chemicals and products: Summary of U.S. general imports entered under 
Schedule 4, Parts JB and 1C of the TSUS, and analysis by competitive status, 1979 



PART AND COMPETITIVE STATUS 



TOTAL 
QUANTITY 



FOREIGN 
INVOICE 
VALUE 



FOREIGN 
VALUE 



UNIT 
FOREIGN 
VALUE 



SCHEDULE 4, PART IB 



1,000 
pounds 



406,718 



1,000 
dollars 



452,847 



Competitive: 

Duty based on ASP 1 - 
Other 2 



Noncompetitive: 

Duty based on U.S. value 

Duty based on export value- 
Other 3 



Competitive status not available — 
SCHEDULE 4, PART 1C 



245 

178 



236 

215 

89 



2,264 



183,220 
147,172 



16,012 
14,125 
33,141 



257,385 



45.1 
36.2 



3.9 

3.5 
8.2 



139,249 
145,410 



27,615 
41,347 
64,526 

34,700 



30.8 
32.1 



6.1 

9.1 

14.3 



Competitive: 

Duty based on ASP 1 - 
Other 2 



Noncompetitive: 

Duty based on U.S. value 

Duty based on export value- 
Other 3 



354 
293 



,029 
307 
185 



Competitive status not available 

SUMMARY (SCHEDULE 4, PART IB AND 1C) 
Total 



34,670 
88,322 



12,172 
33,615 
20,472 



664,103 



13.5 
34.3 



4.7 

13.1 

8.0 



61,066 
184,883 



61,289 

97,855 

111,432 



1,108,663 



9.3 
28.2 



9.4 
14.9 
17.0 



Competitive: 

Duty based on ASP 1 - 
Other 2 



Noncompetitive: 

Duty based on U.S. value 

Duty based on export value- 
Other 3 



Competitive status not available- 



599 
471 



1,265 
522 
274 

120 



217,890 
235,494 



28,184 
47,740 
53,613 

81,182 



32.8 
35.5 



4.2 
7.2 
8.1 

12.2 



200,315 
330,293 



88,904 
139,202 
175,958 

173,992 



18.1 
29.8 



8.0 
12.6 
15.9 

15.7 



Per 

pound 



$1.11 



.76 
.99 



1.73 
2.93 
1.95 



1.76 
2.09 



5.04 
2.91 
5.44 



.92 
1.40 



3.15 
2.92 
3.28 

2.14 



All import entries in this group were "competitive" as defined in sees. 402 and 402a of the Tariff Act of 
1930, as amended. 

Imports in this group are also "competitive." However, for each of the items in this group, there are some 
import entries which were appraised by the U.S. Customs Services as "noncompetitive" with like or similar U.S. 
products because at the time of exportation from the foreign country, the U.S. products were not freely offered 
for sale in the principal U.S. markets. 

Assessment of duties on import entries of items in this group were based on two or more import values during 
the year. Under the provisions of sees. 402 and 402a of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended, each import ship- 
ment was valued either at the U.S. value, the export value, or the foreign value. 

Source: Compiled by the U.S. International Trade Commission from records of the U.S. Bureau of Customs. 

Note 1. — The totals shown in this table differ from those given in the official statistics of the U.S. Depart- 
ment of Commerce chiefly because of differences in coverage and in the methods used in compiling the data. In 
general, the statistics coverage in 1979 varies from a low of 70 percent for flavor and perfume materials, to 
about 84 percent coverage for medicinals and pharmaceuticals, 85 percent for organic pigments, 86 percent for 
dyes, and 90 percent for intermediates. 

Note 2. — Because of rounding, figures may not add to the totals shown. 



APPENDIX 



325 



TABLE 3.— Cyclic Intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



A Acid 

1,2,4-Acid- 



Acid yellow 9 

p-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid- 

ra-Aminobenzoyl J acid 

Aminoepislon acid 

Amino G acid 

Amino J acid 

Amino R salt 

Aniline oil- 1 

Anthraflavic acid 

Anthrarufin 

Armstrong & Wynne's acid 



B Acid 

2B Acid 

4B Acid 

Benzal chloride 

Benzan throne 

Benzotrichloride — 

Bisphenol A 

B.O.N 

Broenner's acid 

Bromamine acid 

Bromobenzanthrone- 



C Acid (Cassella acid) 

C.A. Acid 

C-Amine (Lake Red C acid) — 

Chicago Acid (SS acid) 

Chlorobenz an throne 

Chromotropic acid 

Chrysazin 

1,6-Cleve's acid 

1,7-Cleve's acid 

Crocein acid 

2-Cyanopyridine 

3-Cyanopyridine 

Cyanuric chloride 



D Acid 

DADI 

D BB 

Decacyclene 

Dehydrothio-P-toluidine- 

Developer Z 

o-Dianisidine 



1,1' -Dianthrimide 

Dibenzanthrone 

4, 4' -Dihydroxydiphenylsulf one- 
Dimethyl POPOP 

4 , 5-Dinitrochrysazin 

Dioxy S acid 

Diphenyl Epsilon Acid 

Durene 



Epsilon Acid (Andresen's acid)- 



F Acid 

Fast Red G base 

Fast Scarlet R base- 
Fischer's aldehyde — 

Fischer's base 

Freund's acid 



3 , 5-Dihydroxy-2 , 7-naphthalenedisulf onic acid . 
4-Amino-3-hydroxy-l-naphthalensulfonic acid 

(l-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulf onic acid) . 
6-Amino-3,4 '-azodibenzenesulfonic acid. 
Sulfanilic acid and salt. 

4 -Hydroxy- 7- (m-aminobenzamido)-2-naphthalene sulfonic 
8-Amino-l , 6-naphthalenedisulf onic acid . 
7-Amino-l , 3-naphthalenedisulf onic acid . 
6-Amino-l , 3-naphthalenedisulf onic acid . 
3-Amino-2 , 7-naphthalenedisulf onic acid . 
Aniline. 

2 , 6-Dihydroxyanthraquinone . 
1 , 5-Dihydroxy anthraquinone . 
4-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 

5-Amino-4-hydroxy-l , 7-naphthalenedisulf onic acid . 
6-Amino-4-chloro-m-toluenesulfonic acid. 
6-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid. 
a, a-Dichloro toluene. 
7H-Benz[de]anthracen-7-one. 
a,a,a,-Trichlorotoluene. 
4,4' -Isopropy lidenediphenol . 
3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid. 
6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 
l-Amino-4-bromo-2-anthraquinonesulfonic acid. 
3-Bromo-7H-benz[de]anthracene-7-one. 

3-Amino-l , 5-naphthalenedisulf onic acid . 

3-Amino-6-chloro-4-sulfobenzoic acid. 

2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid. 

4-Amino-5-hydroxy-l, 3-naphthalenedisulf onic acid. 

Chloro-7H-benz [de ] anthracen-7-one . 

4 , 5-Dihydroxy-2, 7-naphthalenedisulf onic acid. 

1 , 8-Dihydroxy anthraquinone . 

5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 

7-Hydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Picolinonitrile. 

Nicotinonitrile. 

2,4, 6-Trichloro-s-triazine. 

6-Amino-l-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 

Dianisidine diisocyanate. 

p-Dibutoxybenzene . 

Diacenaphtho [ 1 , 2- j : 1', 2 ' -I] f luoranthene . 

2-(p-Aminophenyl)-6-methylbenzothiazole. 

3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one. 

3,3' -Dimethoxybenzidine . 

1 , 1 ' -Iminodianthraquinone . 

Violanthrone. 

4,4' -Sulf ony ldiphenol . 

l,4-BisI2-(4-methyl-5-phenyloxazolyl)Jbenzene. 

1 , 8-Dihy droxy-4 , 5-dinitroanthraquinone . 

4,5-Dihydroxy-l-napththalenesulfonic acid. 

6,8-Dianilino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

1,2,4, 5-Tetramethylbenzene . 

8-Hydroxy-l, 6-naphthalenedisulf onic acid. 

7-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 

2-Nitro-p-toluidine [NH 2 =1] . 

5-Nitro-o-anisidine [NHz^l] . 

1,3, 3-Tr imethyl-A 2 > O'-indolineace taldehyde . 

l,3,3-Trimethyl-2-methyleneindoline. 

4-Amino-2 , 7-naphthalenedisulf onic acid . 



326 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1979 



TABLE 3,— Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names— Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



G salt 

Gamma acid 

Gold salt 

H Acid 

Hellimellitene 

Indoxyl 

J Acid 

J Acid Urea 

K Acid 

Koch's Acid 

L Acid 

Lake Red C amine 

Laurent's acid 

M Acid 

MEP 

Mesitylene 

Methane base 

Michler's hydrol 

Michler's ketone 

Naphthionic acid 

o-Naphthionic acid 

B-Naphthol 

Naphthol AS 

a-Naphthylamine 

Neville & Winther's acid 

m-Nitrobenzoyl J acid 

Oxy Koch's acid 

Pentaanthrimide 

Peri Acid 

Phenylbiphenyl 

N-Pheny ldie thanolamine 

Phenyl Gamma acid 

Phenyl J acid 

Phenyl peri acid 

POPOP 

Pseudocumene 

Pyrazoleanthrone 

Pyrazoleanthrone yellow 

Pyrazolone T 

Quinizarin 

2-Quinizarinsulfonic acid 

Quinoline yellow base 

R salt 

RG Acid (Violet acid) 

Rhoduline acid (J Acid Imide)- 
RR acid 

S Acid 

Schaffer's acid 

Silver salt 



7-Hydroxy-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
6-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium 

salt. 
9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-l-anthracenesulfonic acid 

and salt. 

4-Amino-5-hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
(8-Amino-l-naphthol-3 , 6-disulf onic acid). 
1,2,3-Trimethylbenzene. 

3(2H)-Indolone. 

7-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium 

salt. 
7 ,7 '-Ureylenebis [4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic 

acid] . 

4-Amino-5-hydroxy-l,7-naphthalenedisulf onic acid. 
8-Amino-l , 3 , 6-napthalenetrisulf onic acid . 

5-Hydroxy-l-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 
2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulf onic acid . 
5-Amino-l-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 

8-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
5-Ethyl-2-picoline (2-Methyl-5-ethylpyridine) . 
1,3, 5-Tr imethy lbenzene . 
4,4'-Methylenebis[N,N-dimethylaniline] . 
4 , 4 ' -Bis [dime thy lamino ] benzhydrol . 
4, 4'-Bis [dimethylamino]benzophenone. 

4-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
l-Amino-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 
2-Naphthol, tech. 
3-Hydroxy-2-naphthanilide. 
1-Baphthylamine. 

4-Hydroxy-l-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 
4-Hydroxy-7-(m-nitrobenzamido)-2-naphthalenesulfonic 
acid. 

l-Naphthol-3 , 6 , 8-trisulf onic acid . 

1,4,5, 8-Tetrakis (1-anthraquinony lamino) anthraquinone. 
8-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
Terphenyl. 

2,2'-[ (Phenyl)imino]diethanol. 

6-Anilino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
7-Anilino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 
8-Anilino-l-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 
1 , 4-Bis [ 2- (5-phenyloxazolyl) ] benzene. 
1,2,4-Trimethylben2ene. 
Anthra [ 1 , 9-cd]pyrazol-6 (2H) -one . 

[3,3'-Bianthra[l,9-cd]pyrazole]-6,6'-(2H,2'H)dione. 
5-Oxo-l- (p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxy lie 
acid. 

1 , 4-Dihydroxy anthraquinone . 

9 , 10-Dihydro-l , 4-dihydroxy-9 , 10-dioxo-2-anthracene- 

sulfonic acid. 
Quinophthalone . 

3-Hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, disodium 

salt. 
4-Hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
7 , 7 '-Iminobis [ 4-hydroxy-2-napthalenesulf onic acidj . 
3-Amino-5-hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

4-Amino-5-hydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
6-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 
9 , 10-Dihydro-9 , 10-dioxo-2-anthracenesulf onic acid 
and salt. 



APPENDIX 



327 



FABLE 3.— Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names— Continued 



Common name 



Solvent Yellow 1 

Solvent Yellow 3 

SS Acid (Chicago acid)- 
o-Sulfobenzaldehyde 



Thioindoxyl 

Thiosalicylic acid 

Tobias Acid 

TODI 

o-To 1 id ine 

a-Toluic acid 

a-Tolunitrile 

4-m-Tolylenediamine 

Trimellitic anhydride- 

Trimethyl base 

Trinitrophenol 



Urea J Acid (J Acid Urea)- 



— -Vj,nyl toluene 

Violet acid (RG Acid)- 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



p-Phenylazoaniline and hydrochloride. 
4-(o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine. 

4-Amino-5-hydroxy-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
o-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid. 

3(2H)-Thianaphthenone. 

o-Mercaptobenzoic acid. 

2-Amino-l-naphthalenesul f onic acid . 

Bitolylene diisocyanate. 

3,3' -Dimethylbenzidine . 

Phenylacetic acid. 

Phenylacetonitrile. 

Toluene-2,4-diamine. 

1,2,4-Benzenetricarboxylic acid, 1,2-anhydride. 

1,3, 3-Tr imethyl-2-methyleneindoline . 

Picric acid. 

7,7'-Ureylenebis[4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic 
acid .. 

ar-Methylstyrene. 
4-Hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 



U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1980 - 328-942