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Full text of "Synthetic organic chemicals"

^y\C SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



United States Production 
I |l)> and Sales, 1981 



% 



(Investigation No. 332-135! 



BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 




3 9999 06317 162 1 



USITC PUBLICATION 1292 



United States International Trade Commission / Washington, D.C. 20436 



JStitomtim- 







RECENT REPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE 
COMMISSION ON SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



Synthetic Organic 

(USITC Publicat 
*Synthetic Organic 

(USITC Publicat 
*Synthetic Organic 

(USITC Publicat 
*Synthetic Organic 

(USITC Publicat 
*Synthetic Organic 

(USITC Publicat 
*Synthetic Organic 

(USITC Publicat 
Synthetic Organic 

(USITC Publicat 



Chemicals, United States 
ion 776, 1976), $3.20 

Chemicals, United States 
ion 804, 1977), $3.10 

Chemicals, United States 
ion 833, 1977), $5.25 

Chemicals, United States 
ion 920, 1978), $6.25 

Chemicals, United States 
ion 1001, 1979), $7.50 

Chemicals, United States 
ion 1099, 1980), $8.00 

Chemicals, United States 
ion 1183, 1981), $8.00 



Production and Sales, 1974 

Production and Sales, 1975 

Production and Sales, 1976 

Production and Sales, 1977 

Production and Sales, 1978 

Production and Sales, 1979 

Production and Sales, 1980 



Note. --The reports preceded by an asterisk (*) are out of print. The other reports 
listed above may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government 
Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. All U.S. International Trade Commission re- 
ports reproduced by the Government Printing Office may be consulted in the official 
depository libraries throughout the United States. 



UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

United States Production 
and Sales, 1981 



U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
WASHINGTON: 1982 



USITC PUBLICATION 1292 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents. U.S. Government Printing Office 
"Washington, DC. 20402 



UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION 



COMMISSIONERS 

Alfred E. Eckes, Chairman 

Paula Stern 

Michael J. Calhoun 

Eugene J. Frank 

Veronica A. Haggart 



Kenneth R. Mason, Secretary to the Commission 



OFFICE OF INDUSTRIES 
Norris A. Lynch, Director 



This report was prepared principally by William Baker, Tedford C. Briggs, 
Edmund Cappuccilli, Kenneth Conant III, Cynthia B. Foreso, J. Lawrence 
Johnson, Eric Land, David G. Michels, James Raftery, Edward J. Taylor, 
and Sharon Thompson. 

Assistance in the preparation of the report was provided by Mildred C. 
Higgs, Robert Allison, Frances Battle, Patricia Bentley, Brenda Carroll, 
Russell Flynt, Sharon Greenfield, Kenneth Kozel, and Wanda Tolson. 
Automatic Data Processing input was provided by James Gill, Marie 
Jagannathan, and Peggy Verdine. 



Address all communications to 

Office of the Secretary 

United States International Trade Commission 

Washington, D.C. 20436 



CONTENTS 

Page 

Introduction 1 

Summary 3 

General 4 

Section I. Tar and tar crudes: 

Statistical highlights 7 

Production and sales statistics 9 

Section II. Primary products from petroleum and natural 
gas for chemical conversion: 

Statistical highlights 13 

Production and sales statistics 15 

Section III. Cyclic intermediates: 

Statistical highlights 23 

Production and sales statistics 25 

Section IV. Dyes: 

Statistical highlights 55 

Production and sales statistics 57 

Section V. Organic pigments: 

Statistical highlights 89 

Production and sales statistics 91 

Section VI. Medicinal chemicals: 

Statistical highlights 101 

Production and sales statistics — 103 

Section VII. Flavor and perfume materials: 

Statistical highlights 123 

Production and sales statistics 125 

Section VIII. Plastics and resin materials: 

Statistical highlights 139 

Production and sales statistics 141 

Section IX. Rubber-processing chemicals: 

Statistical highlights 153 

Production and sales statistics 155 



CONTENTS 

Page 

Section X. Elastomers: 

Statistical highlights I 63 

Production and sales statistics 165 

Section XI. Plasticizers: 

Statistical highlights 169 

Production and sales statistics 171 

Section XII. Surface-active agents: 

Statistical highlights I 79 

Production and sales statistics 181 

Section XIII. Pesticides and related products: 

Statistical highlights 209 

Production and sales statistics 211 

Section XIV. Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical 
products: 

Statistical highlights 225 

Production and sales statistics 22 ' 

Section XV. Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: 

Statistical highlights 239 

Production and sales statistics 2 ^1 

APPENDIX 

00 c 

Directory of manufacturers 

U.S. imports of benzenoid chemicals and products 301 

Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names 305 



INTRODUCTION 

This is the 65th annual report of the U.S. International Trade Commission on domestic production and 
sales of synthetic organic chemicals and the raw materials from which they are made. The report consists of 15 
sections, each covering a specified group (based principally on use) of organic chemicals as follows: Tar and 
tar crudes; primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion; cyclic intermediates; dyes; 
organic pigments; medicinal chemicals; flavor and perfume materials; plastics and resin materials; rubber-pro- 
cessing chemicals; elastomers; plasticizers; surface-active agents; pesticides and related products; miscellaneous 
end-use chemicals and chemical products; and miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals. Data have been supplied 
by approximately 780 producers. 

Each of the 15 sections is headed by a summary of the statistical data. The first table in each section 
gives statistics on products and groups of products in as great detail as is possible without revealing the opera- 
tions of individual producers. Statistics for an individual chemical or group of chemicals are given only when 
there are three or more producers, no one or two of which may be predominant. Moreover, even when there are three 
or more producers, statistics are not given if there is any possibility that their publication would violate the 
statutory provisions relating to unlawful disclosure of information accepted in confidence by the Commission. 1 

Data are reported by producers for only those items where the volume of production or sales or value of sales 
exceeds certain minimums. Those minimums for all sections are 5,000 pounds of production or sales or $5,000 of 
value of sales with the following exceptions: Plastics and resin materials--50,000 pounds or $50,000; pigments, 
medicinal chemicals, flavor and perfume materials, and rubber-processing chemicals — 1,000 pounds or $1,000. They 
are usually given in terms of undiluted materials; however, products of 95 percent or greater purity are considered 
to be 100 percent pure. Commercial concentrations are applicable for dyes, certain plastics and resins, and a 
few solvents; such concentrations are specifically noted. 

The statistics given in this report include data from all known domestic producers of the items covered and 
include the total output of each company's plants, i.e., the quantities produced for consumption within the 
producing plant, as well as the quantities produced for domestic and foreign sale. The quantities reported as 
produced, therefore, generally exceed the quantities reported as sold. Some of these differences, however, are 
attributable to changes in inventory. 

The second table in each section lists all items for which data on production or sales have been reported, 
by primary manufacturers, identified by manufacturers' codes. Each code consists of not more than three capital 
letters and is assigned on a permanent basis. 

The third table in each section is a directory, alphabetized by the codes of the manufacturers reporting in 
that section. 

Table 1 of the Appendix is a directory, alphabetized by the names of the manufacturers reporting in all 
sections and which includes their general corporate phone numbers and office addresses. 

Table 2 of the Appendix summarizes U.S. general imports in 1981 of benzenoid intermediates and finished 
benzenoid products, entered under schedule 4, parts IB and 1C, of the Tariff Schedules of the United States. 

Table 3 of the Appendix lists synonymous names for cyclic intermediates. Information on synonymous names 
of the organic chemicals included in this report may be found in the SOCMA Handbook: Commercial Organic Chemical 
Names, published by the Chemical Abstracts Service of the American Chemical Society, or the Colour Indez (Revised 
Third Edition), published jointly by the Society of Dyes and Colourists and the American Association of Textile 
Chemists and Colorists. 

Data contained in this report are compiled primarily from Commission's questionnaires sent to domestic 
producers and represent the best data available to the Commission. While the data supplied in the questionnaires 
are checked against data previously supplied by the submitting firm and with data supplied by other domestic 
producers, data are not independently verified by direct Commission examination of the books of companies 
furnishing information. Data contained In this report should not be used for investment and other purposes 
without independent verification. 

As specified in the reporting instructions sent to manufacturers, production and sales (unless otherwise 
specified) are defined as follows: 

PRODUCTION is the total quantity of a commodity made available 
by ORIGINAL MANUFACTURERS ONLY within the customs territory 
of the United States (includes the 50 States, the District 
of Columbia, and Puerto Rico). It covers synthetic organis 
chemicals , specified crudes from petroleum and coal tar, and 
certain chemically described natural products, such as, 
alkaloids, enzymes, and perfume isolates. It is the sum — 
expressed in terms of 100% active ingredient unless other- 
wise specified in the reporting instructions — of the quan- 
tities: 

Produced, separated, and consumed in the same plant or 

establishment. A commodity is considered separated 

either when it is isolated from the reactive system 

or when it is not isolated, but weighed, analyzed, 

or otherwise measured, This includes byproducts 

and co-products that are not classifiable as waste 

materials ; 

'Title 18, U.S.C. 1905, and title 44, U.S.C. 3508. 



INTRODUCTION 



Produced and not isolated, but directly converted to 
a finished or semifinished item not included in 
this report (e.g., polyester film, polyurethane 
tires, nylon fiber, bar soap, etc.). (See specific 
instructions in individual sections) ; 

Produced and transferred to other plants or establish- 
ments of the same firm or 100% owned subsidiaries 
or affiliates; 

Produced and sold to, or bartered with, other firms 
(including less than 100% owned subsidiaries); 

Produced for others under toll agreements (see gen- 
eral instructions); 

Produced and held in stock. 

PRODUCTION EXCLUDES : 

Purification of a commodity, which is purchased by, or 
transferred from within, the company, unless inclusion 
of such processing is specifically requested in the 
reporting instructions for individual sections; 

Intermediate products which are formed in the manufact- 
uring process, but are not isolated from the reaction 
system — that is, not weighed, analyzed, or otherwise 
measured; except such products as described above as 
being produced and not isolated, but directly converted 
to a finished or semifinished item. 

Materials that are used in the process but which are 
recovered for re-use or sale; 

Waste products having no economic significance. 

SALES are actual quantities of commodities sold by ORIGINAL 

MANUFACTURERS ONLY . Sales include the quantity and value of: 

Shipments of a commodity for domestic use or for 

export, or segregation in a warehouse when title 

has passed to the purchaser in a bona fide sale; 

Shipments of a commodity produced for you by others 

under toll agreement ; 
Shipments to subsidiary or affiliated companies, pro- 
vided the ownership is less than 100%. 

SALES EXCLUDES : 

All intra-company transfers within a corporate entity; 
All shipments to 100% owned subsidiary or affiliated 

companies ; 
All resales of imported or purchased material, including 

materials obtained by barter; 
All shipments of commodity produced for others under 

toll agreements. 

VALUE OF SALES is the net dollar receipts of sales f.o.b. 
plant or warehouse, or delivered. F.o.b. values are pre- 
ferred, but if they are not readily available from your 
records, delivered values are acceptable. 



SUMMARY 



Combined production of all synthetic organic chemicals, tar, and primary products from petroleum and nat- 
ural gas in 1981 was 331,147 million pounds — a decrease of 2.5 percent from the output in 1980 (table 1). 
Sales of these materials in 1981, which totaled 176,272 million pounds, valued at $63,637 million, were 2.7 
percent smaller than in 1980 in terms of quantity and 5.3 percent larger in terms of value. These figures 
include data on production and sales of chemicals measured at several successive steps in the manufacturing 
process, and, therefore, they necessarily reflect some duplication. 

In 1981, production of all synthetic organic chemicals, including cyclic intermediates and finished prod- 
ucts totaled 217,340 million pounds, or 1.0 percent more than the output in 1980. Eight sections showed an 
increase in production in 1981 over 1980. Organic pigments (76 million pounds) increased by 10.1 percent; 
plastics and resin materials (40,601 million pounds) increased by 6.3 percent; plasticizers (1,866 million 
pounds) increased by 4.6 percent; surface-active agents (5,078 million pounds) increased by 4.6 percent; elas- 
tomers (4,849 million pounds) increased by 1.7 percent; miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals (95,039 mil- 
lion pounds) Increased by 0.7 percent; cyclic intermediates (45,323 million pounds) increased by 0.6 percent; and 
medicinal chemicals (245 million pounds) increased by 0.4 percent. The remaining sections showed a decrease 
in production in 1981 from that in 1980. Dyes (230 million pounds) and miscellaneous end-use chemicals and 
chemical products (22,158 million pounds) led the decrease with a loss of 6.1 percent; flavor and perfume 
materials (165 million pounds) decreased 5.7 percent; rubber-processing chemicals (280 million pounds) decreased 
3.8 percent; and pesticides and related products (1,430 million pounds) decreased 2.6 percent. 



TABLE 1.- 



-Synthetic organic chemicals and their raw materials: 
production and sales, 1980 and 1981 



U.S. 



INCREASE 

OR 

DECREASE 

(-),1981 

OVER 

1980 1 



QUANTITY 



INCREASE 

OR 

DECREASE 

(-),1981 

OVER 

1980 1 



INCREASE 

OR 

DECREASE 

(-),1981 

OVER 

1980 1 



Grand total 

Tar 

Primary products from petroleum 
and natural gas 

Synthetic organic chemicals, 

total 2 

Cyclic intermediates 

Dyes 

Organic pigments 

Medicinal chemicals 

Flavor and perfume materials — 
Plastics and resin materials — 

Rubber-processing chemicals 

Elastomers (synthetic rubber)-- 

Plasticizers 

Surface-active agents 

Pesticides and related products 
Miscellaneous end-use chemical! 

and chemical products 

Miscellaneous cyclic and 

acyclic chemicals 



Million 
pounds 



339,723 



Mi I lion 
pounds 



331,147 



Percent 



Million 
pounds 



Million 
pounds 

176,272 



Percent 



Mi I lion 
dollars 



60,444 



Million 
do I lars 



63,637 



Percent 



4,366 
120,232 

215,125 



4,290 
109,517 

217,340 



-1.7 
-8.9 

1.0 



45,070 

245 

69 

244 

175 

38,186 

291 

3 4,770 

1,784 

4,853 

1,468 

23,602 

94,368 



45,323 

230 

76 

245 

165 

40,601 

280 

4,849 

1,866 

5,078 

1,430 

22,158 

95,039 



0.6 
-6.1 

10.1 
0.4 

-5.7 
6.3 

-3.8 
1.7 
4.6 
4.6 

-2.6 

-6.1 
0.7 



3,128 
64,292 

113,768 



20,060 

227 

61 

167 

129 

33,550 

194 

"3,258 

1,574 

2,928 

1,406 

14,075 

36,139 



2,749 
59,222 

114,301 



-12.1 
-7.9 



19,202 

219 

64 

153 

119 

36,107 

182 

3,256 

1,567 

3,104 

1,2 91 

12,954 

36,083 



-4.3 
-3.5 

4.9 
-8.4 
-7.8 

7.6 
-6.2 
-0.1 
-0.4 

6.0 
-8.2 

-8.0 

-0.2 



49.798 



555 
10,369 

52,713 



7,248 
791 
361 

1,153 

254 

16,011 

296 

5 2,280 

858 

1,296 

4,078 

3,499 
11,672 



7,437 
773 
415 

1,199 

252 

17,092 

298 

2,505 
894 

1,477 

4,652 

3,975 
11,744 



5.9 



2.6 

-2.3 

15.0 

4.0 

-0.8 

6.8 

0.7 

9.9 

4.2 

14.0 

14.1 

13.6 

0.6 



Percentages calculated from figures rounded to thousands. 

Because of rounding, figures may not add to the totals shown. 
'Estimated by using data from the 1981 U.S. Industrial Outlook, p. 179. 

Estimated by using the ratio of sales quantity as compared with production for elastomers in 1979. 

Value was computed by using the average price indexes for 1979 and 1980 which came from the Producers Prices 
and Prices Indexes for July 1980 and the Producers Prices and Prices Indexes for March 1981 , pages 65 and 77, 
respectively. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 
GENERAL 



In this report, synthetic organic chemicals are classified on the basis of their principal use as follows: 
cyclic intermediates, dyes, organic pigments, medicinal chemicals, flavor and perfume materials, plastics and 
resin materials, rubber-processing chemicals, elastomers (synthetic rubber), plasticizers, surface-active agents, 
pesticides and related products, miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products, and miscellaneous cyclic 
and acyclic chemicals. Most of these groups are further subdivided either by use or by chemical composition. 
As intermediates, chemicals are used in the manufacture of finished products, aggregate figures that cover both 
intermediates and finished products necessarily include considerable duplication. 

Total production of synthetic organic chemicals (intermediates and finished products combined) in 1981 was 
217,339 million pounds or 3.3 percent more than the output of 210,356 million pounds reported for 1980, and 
107.6 percent more than the output of 104,711 million pounds reported in 1967 (see table 2). Sales of synthetic 
organic chemicals in 1981 amounted to 114,299 million pounds, valued at $52,713 million, compared with 110,510 
million pounds, valued at $47,518 million, in 1980 and 55,177 million pounds, valued at $10,438 million, in 1967. 
Production of all cyclic products (intermediates and finished products combined) in 1981 totaled 70,334 million 
pounds or 5.2 percent more than the 66,834 million pounds reported for 1980 and 110.1 percent more than the 
33,479 million pounds reported for 1967', however, the transfer of eight items, in 1979 from the primary products 
from petroleum and natural gas section to the section on cyclic intermediates has caused the output of cyclic 
products to appear much higher in relation to 1967 than would otherwise have resulted. Production of all acyclic 
products in 1981 totaled 147,006 million pounds, or 2.4 percent more than the 143,523 million pounds reported for 
1980 and 106.4 percent more than the 71,232 million pounds reported for 1967. 

TABLE 2.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of u.s. production and sales 
of intermediates and finished products, 1967, 1980, and 1981 

(Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollar 



CHEMICAL 



INCREASE OR 
DECREASE (-) 



1981 OVER : 1981 OVER 
1967 : 1980 



Organic chemicals, cyclic and cyclic, 
grand total: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Cyclic, total: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic, total: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

1. Cyclic Intermediates 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

2. Dyes 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

3. Organic Pigments 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

4. Medicinal Chemicals 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



104,711,357 
55,176,823 
10,438,453 



33,479,469 
19,328,628 
4,610,293 



71,231,888 

35,848,195 

5,828,160 



20,793,132 
9,461,180 
1,000,359 



206,240 
198,592 
332,049 



53,322 
42,867 
108,354 



110,129 

70,120 

348,873 

69,941 
56,804 
36,402 



210,356,473 
110,509,967 
47,518,404 



66,833,907 
35,045,536 
22,265,859 



143,522,566 
75,464,431 
25,252,545 



45,069,670 

20,060,375 

7,248,265 



245,348 
227,448 
790,664 



69,373 

60,771 

361,334 



174,597 

102,606 

1,095,950 



69,279 
64,625 
56,844 



217,339,092 

114,298,750 

52,712,854 



70,333,502 
36,546,767 
24,067,541 



147,005,590 
77,751,983 
28,645,313 



45,323,048 

19,201,715 

7,436,562 



229,670 
218,848 
772,837 



75,795 

64,067 

415,320 



180,260 

100,204 

1,144,400 

64,422 
53,226 
54,292 



107.6 
107.1 
405.0 



110.1 

89.1 

422.0 



106.4 
116.9 
391.5 



118.0 
103.0 
643.4 



11.4 

10.2 

132.7 



42.1 

49.5 

283.3 



42.9 
228.0 

-7.9 
-6.3 
49.1 



3.3 

3.4 

11.0 



5.2 
4.3 



2.4 

3.0 

13.4 



0.6 
-4.3 
2.6 



-6.4 
-3.8 
-2.3 



9.3 
5.4 
14.9 



3.2 
-2.3 



-7.0 

-17.6 

-4.5 



GENERAL 
TABLE 2.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of u.s. production and sales of 

INTERMEDIATES AND FINISHED PRODUCTS, 1967, 1980, AND 1981--CONTINUED 
(Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars) 



1967 1 



INCREASE OR 
DECREASE (-) 



1981 OVER 
1967 



1981 OVER 
1980 



5. Flavor and Perfume Materials 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

6. Plastics and Resin Materials 

Cyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

7. Rubber-Processing Chemicals 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

8. Elastomers (Synthetic Rubber) 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

9. Plasticizers 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

10. Surface-Active Agents 

Cyclic: 2 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



57,978 
47,285 
52,866 

53,558 
49,311 
40,495 



5,033,497 
4,224,121 
1,036,940 

8,759,452 
7,753,242 
1,635,690 



220,139 
169,970 
116,318 

43,994 
30,878 
15,477 



2,297,637 

1,940,099 

439,580 

1,524,908 

1,321,945 

434,657 



929,871 
865,084 
167,827 

332,908 

296,767 

93,142 



1,418,444 

852,238 

95,810 

2,060,851 
897,786 
220,877 



97,791 

73,760 

156,794 

76,911 
55,238 

96,726 



11,753,214 
9,606,419 
6,316,455 

26,432,776 

23,944,008 

9,694,713 



258,300 
167,854 
269,905 

33,130 
26,071 
26,047 



1,388,935 

1,219,999 

608,372 

395,505 
353,589 
250,018 



1,154,101 
616,824 
339,708 

3,698,583 

2,310,680 

956,552 



4 3 


136 


68 


673 


57 


708 


71 


427 


49 


879 


93 


887 



11,729,680 

10,470,900 

6,836,908 

28,871,340 
25,635,651 
10,255,361 



246,268 
157,591 
270,934 

33,360 
23,949 
27,419 



2,487,145 

1,552,530 

848,554 

2,362,312 
1,703,302 
1,656,542 



1,458,323 

1,208,976 

622,474 

407,216 
357,527 
271,159 



1,229,201 
665,700 
366,860 

3,849,007 
2,438,593 
1,109,659 



60.6 
45.2 
198.3 



133.0 
147.9 
559.3 

229.6 
230.6 
527.0 



11.9 

-7.3 

132.9 

-24.2 

-22.4 

77.2 



-20.0 
93.0 

54.9 

28.8 

281.1 



56.8 

39.8 

270.9 

22.3 

20.5 

191.1 



-13.3 
-21.9 
282.9 

86.8 
171.6 
402.4 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 
TABLE 2.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of u.s, production and sales of 

INTERMEDIATES AND FINISHED PRODUCTS, 1967, 1980, AND 1981— CONTINUED 
(Production and sales In thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars) 



1967 1 



INCREASE OR 
DECREASE (-) 



1981 OVER 
1967 



1981 OVER 
1980 



11. Pesticides and Related Products 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



12. Miscellaneous End-Use Chemicals 
and Chemical Products* 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



13. Miscellaneous Cyclic and 
Acyclic Chemicals* 



Cyclic: 

Production — 

Sales 

Sales value- 
Acyclic: 

Production — 

Sales 

Sales value- 



823,158 
681,532 
627,742 

226,505 
215,831 
159,301 



( 1,535,922) 
( 775,540) 
( 283,575) 

(58,159,771) 
(25,225,631) 
( 3,192,119) 



1,054,309 
1,017,006 
3,079,575 

413,893 
389,315 
998,923 



3,680,087 
855,764 
577,347 

19,922,403 

13,218,867 

2,922,055 



1,888,182 
1,036,710 
1,421,490 

92,480,086 
35,102,038 
10,250,667 



1,012,429 

907,365 

3,503,886 

417,646 

383,276 

1,148,496 



3,887,814 
867,742 
701,512 

18,270,464 

12,086,173 

3,273,682 



2,380,733 

1,062,456 

989,586 

92,658,396 
35,020,407 
10,754,816 



23.0 

33.1 

458.2 

84.4 

77.6 

621.0 



153.1 

11.9 

147.4 

-68.6 

-52.1 
2.6 



-4.0 
-10.8 
13.8 

0.9 
-1.6 
15.0 



5 


6 


1 


4 


21 


5 


-8 


3 


-8 


6 


12 






26.1 

2.5 

-30.4 

0.2 

-0.2 

4.9 



Standard reference base period for Federal Government general-purpose index numbers. 

Includes ligninsulfonates. 

Items In these two sections were previously included in the section named miscellaneous chemicals. 



The following tabulation shows, by chemical groups, the number of companies that reported production in 
1981 of one or more of the chemicals included in the groups listed in table 2: 



Chemical group 

Cyclic intermediates 

Dyes 

Organic pigments 

Medicinal chemicals 

Flavor and perfume materials- 
Plastics and resin materlals- 
Rubber-processing chemicals-- 



Number 
of _ 
companies 

194 

37 

36 

89 

39 
264 

28 



Chemical group 

Elastomers (synthetic rubber) 

Plasticizers 

Surface-active agents 

Pesticides and related products 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and 
chemical products 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic 
chemicals 



Number 

of 

companies 

26 

52 

176 

85 



SECTION I -- TAR AND TAR CRUDES 7 

STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 
Cynthia B. Foreso 

TAR 

Coal tar is produced chiefly by the steel industry as a byproduct of the 
manufacture of coke; water-gas tar and oil-gas tar are produced by the fuel- 
gas industry. Production of coal tar, therefore, depends on the demand for 
steel; production of water-gas tar and oil-gas tar reflects the consumption 
of manufactured gas for industrial and household use. Water-gas and oil-gas 
tars have properties intermediate between those of petroleum asphalts and 
coal tar. Petroleum asphalts are not usually considered to be raw materials 
for chemicals. 

The quantity of coal tar produced in the United States in 1981 amounted 
to 472 million gallons (table 1). Production in 1981 was 12 percent less 
than the 534 million gallons of coal tar produced in 1980. Sales of coal tar 
in 1981 amounted to 362 million gallons, compared with 325 million gallons in 
1980. U.S. production of water-gas and oil-gas tars was not reported to the 
Commission for 1980 or 1981; production of these tars in 1968 amounted to 21 
million gallons, according to trade publications. 

TAR CRUDES 

Tar crudes are obtained from coke-oven gas and by distilling coal tar, 
water-gas tar, and oil-gas tar. The most important tar crudes are benzene, 
toluene, xylene, creosote oil, and pitch of tar. Some of these products are 
identical with those obtained from petroleum. Data for materials obtained 
from petroleum are included, for the most part, with the statistics for like 
materials obtained from coke-oven gas and tars, and are shown in tables 1 
and IB. 

Domestic production of industrial and specification grades of benzene 
reported by coke-oven operators and petroleum refiners in 1981 amounted to 
1,339 million gallons — 16 percent less than the 1,585 million gallons re- 
ported for 1980. These statistics include data for benzene produced from 
light oil and petroleum. Sales of benzene by coke-oven operators and petro- 
leum refiners in 1981 amounted to 688 million gallons, compared with 1,147 
million gallons in 1980. In 1981, the output of toluene (including material 
produced for use in blending in aviation fuel) amounted to 856 million gal- 
lons — 16 percent less than the 1,017 million gallons reported for 1980. 
Sales of toluene (Nitration grade 1°) in 1981 were 608 million gallons, com- 
pared with 677 million gallons in 1980. The output of xylene in 1981 (in- 
cluding that produced for blending in motor fuels) was 882 million gallons, 
compared with 909 million gallons in 1980. Sales of xylene decreased slightly 
to 381 million gallons in 1981, compared with 443 million gallons in 1980. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



Production of crude naphthalene from coal-tar oils in 1981 amounted to 
358 million pounds; however, sales figures could not be published without 
disclosing the operations of individual companies. Production of petroleum- 
derived naphthalene in 1981 amounted to 142 million pounds, compared with 103 
million pounds in 1980. Production figures on road tar for 1981 cannot be 
published; in 1972 production amounted to 30 million gallons. 

Some of the products obtained from tar and included in the statistics 
in table 1 are obtained from other products for which data are also included 
in the table. The statistics, therefore, involve considerable duplication, 
and for this reason no group totals or grand totals are given. 

Data for 1981 tar crudes were supplied by 20 companies and company divisions. 



I -- TAR AND TAR CRUDES 9 

TABLE 1.— Tar and tar crudes: U.S. production and sales, 1981 

[Listed below are all tar crudes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders 
(...) are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data 
were reported.) Table 2 lists separately all products for which data on production and/or sales were re- 
ported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



TAR AND TAR CRUDES 



QUANTITY 



PRODUCTION 



SALES 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



Coal tar: Coke-oven operators 

Crude light oil: 3 Coke-oven operators 

Intermediate light oil: 3 Coke-oven operators— 
Light-oil distillates: 

Benzene, all grades, total 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum refiners 5 

Toluene, all grades, total 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum refiners 

Xylene, all grades, total 1 * 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum refiners 

Naphthalene, crude, total 

Solidifying at: 

Less than 74° C 

74° C to less than 79° C 

Creosote oil (Dead oil) (100% creosote basis): 

Distillate as such (100% creosote basis) 

Creosote in coal tar solution (100% solution 

basis) 

Tar, refined, for uses other than road tar 

Pitch of tar 6 



1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 

1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 

1,000 lb— 



472,181 

146,950 

4,163 

1,339,160 

31,429 

1,307,731 

856,465 

4,829 

851,636 

882,408 

657 

881,751 

358,334 



362,164 

118,805 

131 

687,625 

31,990 

655,635 

608,251 

5,151 

603,100 

381,040 

626 

380,414 



1,000 
dollars 

296,974 

136,626 

176 

1,180,395 

53,729 

1,126,666 

767,941 

6,892 

761,049 

563,250 

897 

562,353 



1,000 lb- 
1,000 lb- 



1,000 gal— 

1,000 gal— 
1,000 gal— 
1,000 tons- 



6,961 
351,373 



61,120 
11,022 
19,199 



44,460 
7,164 
1,176 



25,264 



43,745 
9,661 

234,434 



$0.82 
1.15 
1.34 

1.72 
1.68 
1.72 
1.26 
1.34 
1.26 
1.48 
1.43 
1.48 



.98 

1.35 

199.35 



Unit value per gallon, pound, or ton as specified. 

Includes only data for coal tar reported to the Office of Energy Data and Interpretation, Energy Information 
Administration, Department of Energy ( EnerRy Data Reports, Coke Plant Report, quarterly, October-December, 1981, 
May 21, 1982). Data on U.S. production of water-gas tar and oil-gas tar are not collected by the U.S. Inter- 
national Trade Commission, but according to trade publications, production of these tars amounted to 21 million 
gallons in 1968. 

Data reported by tar distillers are not included because publication would disclose the operations of indi- 
vidual companies. At date of publication, sales values for coke-oven operators were not available. 

""Includes data for material produced for use in blending motor fuels. The annual production statistics for 
petroleum refiners on benzene, toluene, and xylene are not comparable with the combined monthly production fig- 
ures because of fiscal year revisions. 

Benzene, specification grades (1°, 2°). 

Includes soft, medium, and hard pitch of tar, and pitch emulsion. 



Note 1. — Statistics for materials produced in coke and gas-retort ovens are compiled by the Office of Energy 
Data and Interpretation, Energy Information Administration, Department of Energy. Statistics for materials 
produced in tar and petroleum refineries are compiled by the U.S. International Trade Commission. 

Note 2. — Data for all other tars and tar crudes are not included in the 1981 report because publication would 
disclose the operation of individual companies. Preliminary coke-oven operators' data were obtained from cumu- 
lative totals reported in Energy Data Reports, Coke Plant Report, quarterly, October-December, 1981, May 27, 
1982. 



10 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



TABLE 1A,— Tar: U.S. production and consumption, 1980 and 1981 

(In thousands of gallons) 



TAR 


1980 


1981 


PRODUCTION 
CONSUMPTION 


534,068 
( 2 ) 


472,181 








( 2 ) 










308,659 

( 2 ) 

( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


o ar is l e o oppe * P 3 


439,440 
( 2 ) 




en plan 





Reported to the Office of Energy Data and Interpretation, Energy Information Administration, Department of 
Energy. 

department of Energy data were not available at time of publication. 

3 Reported to the U.S. International Trade Commission. Represents tar purchased from companies operating coke- 
ovens and gas retort plants and distilled by companies operating tar-distillation plants. Statistics also in- 
clude tar consumed other than by distillation by tar distillers. 



TABLE IB.— Tar and tar crudes: Summary of U.S. production of specified 
products, 1967, 1980, and 1981 



TAR ANT) TAR CRUDES 



Coal tar 



Benzene: 

Coke-oven operators 
Petroleum refiners- 
Total 



Toluene: 

Coke-oven operators- 
Petroleum refiners — 
Total 



Xylene: 3 

Coke-oven operators 
Petroleum refiners- 
Total 



Naphthalene: 

Crude 5 

Petroleum naphthalenes, all grade 



Tot 



Creosote oil (Dead oil) : 

Distillate as such (100% creosote 

basis) 

Creosote in coal tar solution 

(100% solution basis) 

Creosote content of coal tar solu- 
tion (100% creosote basis) 

Total 



UNIT 

OF 

QUANTITY 



1,000 gal- 
1.000 gal- 



1,000 

1,000 gal- 



1,000 gal— 



1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 



1,000 gal— 



1,000 lb- 
1,000 lb- 



1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 



1,000 gal- 



90,642 
878,704 



19,357 
"624,454 



5,488 
"449,349 



520,991 
376,679 



108,832 
27,420 
17,402 



153,654 



534,068 



50,781 
1.533.845 



7,812 
1,009.509 



1,364 
907,182 



( 6 ) 
103,357 



60,648 

36,011 

( 6 ) 



( 6 ) 



31,429 
1.307,731 



4,829 
851,636 



856,465 



657 
881,751 



882,408 



142,164 



81,902 
61,120 
O- 



C) 



INCREASE, OR 
DECREASE (-) 



1981 
OVER 
1967 



C) 



1981 
OVER 
1980 



( 6 ) 



'Standard reference base period for Federal Government general-purpose index numbers. 

includes only data for coal tar reported to the Office of Energy Data and Interpretation, Energy Information 
Administration, Department of Energy. 

3 Data reported by tar distillers are not included because publication would disclose the operations ot indi- 

in blending motor fuels. Statistics are not comparable with mon- 



/idi. 



r nnip;i 



"includes data for material produced fo 
thly figures which Include some o-xylene. 

Naphthalene solidifying at less than 79° C. Figures include production by tar distillers and coke-oven 
operators and represent combined data for the commercial grades of naphthalene. Because of conversion between 
grades, the figures may include some duplication. Statistics on naphthalene refined from domestic crudes are 
reported in the section on "Cyclic Intermediates." 

"Statistics cannot be published; to do so would disclose the operations of individual companies. 

'includes data for creosote ail produced by tar distillers and coke-oven operators and used only in wood 
preservatives. 



TAR AND TAR CRUDES 



11 



TABLE 2. 



-Tar crudes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 

IDENTIFIED BY MANUFACTURERS, 1981 



[CHEMICALS FOR WHICH SEPARATE STATISTICS ARE GIVEN IN TABLE 1 ARE MARKED WITH AN ASTERISK (*) CHEMICALS NOT SO 
MARKED DO NOT APPEAR IN TABLE 1 BECAUSE THE REPORTED DATA ARE ACCEPTED IN CONFIDENCE AND MAY NOT BE PUBLISHED. 
MANUFACTURERS' IDENTIFICATION CODES SHOWN BELOW ARE TAKEN FROM TABLE 3] 



TAR CRUDES 



MANUFACTURERS' IDENTIFICATION CODES 
(ACCORDING TO LIST IN TABLE 3) 



Light-oil distillates: 

*Benzene i f coke-oven operators 

Solvent naphtha 

*Toluene , coke-oven operators 

Xylene 1 , coke-oven operators 

Pyridine, crude bases 

Naphthalene, crude, solidifying at: 

Less than 74° C 

74° C to less than 79° C 

Methylnaphthalene 

*Crude tar-acid oils:' 

Tar-acid content 5% to less than 24% 

Tar-acid, all other 

Cresylic acid, crude 

Creosote oil (Dead oil): 

♦Distillate as such 

*Creosote in coal tar solution 

All other distillate products: 

Carbon black oil 

Creosote tar acid oil 

Crude coal tar solvent 

Crude tetralin 

Priming and refractory oil 

All other 

Tar, road 

Tar for other uses: 

Crude 

Refined 

*Pitch of tar: 

Soft (water softening point less than 110° F) — 
Medium (water softening point 110° F to 160° F)- 
Hard (water softening point above 160° F) 

Pitch emulsion 

Refined anthracene 



BTS, 


CLF, 


JLS, 


USS 


BTS, 


CLF, 


IGC, 


USS 


BTS, 


CLF, 


JLS, 


USS 


CLF, 


JLS, 


USS. 




KPT. 








BTS, 


IGC, 


RSC, 


USS 


ACS, 


KPT, 


USS. 




KPT. 








KPT. 








uss. 








FER, 


KPT. 







ACS, COP, KPT, RIL, USS, WTC. 
ACS, KPT, RIL, USS, WTC. 

KPT. 

KPT. 

KPT. 

KPT. 

KPT. 

ACS, KPT. 

ACS, NTS, RIL. 

HUS, IGC, RSC, USS. 
ACS, KPT, RIL. 

ACS, KPT, USS. 

ACS, COP, KPT, RIL, USS. 

KPT, RIL, USS, WTC. 

JEN. 

ACS. 



Does not include manufacturers' identification codes for producers which 
Interpretation, Energy Information Administration, Department of Energy. 



•eport to the Office of Energy Data and 



TABLE 5. --Tar and tar crudes: Directory of manufacturers, 1981 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of tar and tar crudes to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1981 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY : 


CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY 




ACS 


Allied Corp., Allied Chemicals Co. : 


KPT 


Koppers Co. , Inc. 




ALF 


Allied Corp. : 


NEV 


Neville Chemical Co. 




BTS 


Bethlehem Steel Corp. : 


NTS 


National Steel Corp., Great Lakes Pla 


nt 


CLF 


C. F. 6 I. Steel Corp. : 


RIL 


Reilly Tar & Chemical Corp. 




COP 


Coopers Creek Chemical Corp. : 


RSC 


Republic Steel Corp. 




DHC 


Donner-Hanna Coke Joint Venture : 


USS 


U.S. Steel Corp. : 
Clairton Plant 




FER 


Ferro Corp., Productol Chemical Div. : 




Fairfield Plant 
Gary Plant 




HUS 


Husky Industries, Inc. : 




Geneva Plant 




IGC 


Indiana Gas & Chemical Corp. : 


WTC 


Uitco Chemical Corp. 




JEN 


Jennison-Wright Corp. : 








JLS 


Jones & Laughlln Steel Corp. : 









Note. — Complete names and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in table 1 of the appendix. 



SECTION II -- PRIMARY PRODUCTS FROM PETROLtUM AND NATURAL GAS 13 
FOR CHEMICAL CONVERSION 

STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 
James Raftery 

Primary products that are derived from petroleum and natural gas 1 are 
related to the intermediates and finished products made from such primary 
materials in much the same way that crude products derived from the distil- 
lation of coal tar are related to their intermediates and finished products. 
Many of the primary products derived from petroleum are identical with those 
derived from coal tar (e.g., benzene, toluene, and xylene). Considerable 
duplication exists in the statistics on the production and sales of primary 
petroleum products because some of these primary chemicals are converted to 
other primary products derived from petroleum and because data on some pro- 
duction and sales are reported at successive stages in the conversion process. 
The statistics are sufficiently accurate, however, to indicate trends in the 
industry. Many of the primary products for which data are included in the 
statistics may be used either as fuel or as basic materials from which other 
chemicals are derived. In this report every effort has been made to exclude 
data on materials that are used as fuel; however, data are included on toluene 
and xylene which are used in blending aviation and motor fuel. 

The output of primary products derived from petroleum and natural gas as 
a group amounted to 109,517 million pounds in 1981. Production in 1980 was 
117,137 million pounds. The output of aromatic and naphthenic products from 
petroleum amounted to 26,261 million pounds in 1981, compared with 29,521 mil- 
lion pounds in 1980. Sales amounted to $2,758 million in 1981 and $3,724 mil- 
lion in 1980. In 1981, production of benzene was 9,573 million pounds; pro- 
duction of toluene was 6,140 million pounds; and production of xylene was 
6,701 million pounds (table 1). 

Production of all aliphatic hydrocarbons and derivatives from petroleum 
and natural gas was 83,257 million pounds in 1981, compared with 87,615 million 
pounds in 1980. Sales of these products were valued at $7,611 million in 1981, 
compared with $6,922 million in 1980. Production of ethylene was 29,418 million 
pounds in 1981. The output of 1,3-butadiene in 1981 was 2,986 million pounds. 
Production of propylene in 1981 was 13,482 million pounds (table 1). 

Data for 1981 primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical 
conversion were supplied by 78 companies or company division. 



Statistics on chemicals from coal tar are given in Section I (Tar and Tar 
Crudes) of this report. 



II -- PRIMARY PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS FOR CHEMICAL CONVERSION 



15 



TABLt 1, --Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical 

CONVERSION: U.S. PRODUCTION AND SALES, 1981 

[Listed below are the primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which any re- 
ported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders (...) are used where the reported data are ac- 
cepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists separately all 
primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which data on production and/or 
sales were reported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



PRIMARY PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL 
GAS FOR CHEMICAL CONVERSION 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



Grand total 

AROMATICS AND NAPHTHENES 2 

Total 

Benzene (1° and 2°) 

Naphthalene, all grades 

Naphthenic acid 

Toluene, all grades, total 

Nitration grade, 1° 

Pure commercial grade, 2° 

All other 3 " 

Xylenes, mixed, total 

3° grade 

5° grade 

All other ^ 

All other aromatics and naphthenes 

ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS 

Total 

C 2 Hydrocarbons, total 

Acetylene 6 (For chemical use only) 

Ethane 

Ethylene 

C 3 Hydrocarbons, total 

Propane 

Propylene 7 

Cu Hydrocarbons, total 

Butadiene and butylene fractions 

1,3-Butadiene, grade for rubber (elastomers) 

n-Butane 

1-Butene 

1-Butene and 2-Butene, mixed 8 

I so butane 

I so butylene 

All other 9 

Cs Hydrocarbons, total 

Isoprene (2-Methyl-l,3-butadiene) 

n-Pentane 

Pentenes, mixed 

Piperylene (1. 3-Pentadiene) 

All other 10 li 

All other aliphatic hydrocarbons, derivatives and 

mixtures, total 

Alpha olefins l 2 

tert-Butylmercaptan(2-methyl-2-propanethiol) 



1,000 
pounds 



109,517,482 



9,572,592 

142,164 

22,205 

6,140,298 



3,921,095 

678,397 

1,540,806 



2,950,701 
1,654,757 
2,095,850 

3,682,116 



83,256,799 



35,993,839 



278,494 

6,297,256 

29,418,089 



7,865,044 
13,482,051 



10,412,317 



1,075,498 
2,986,329 
1,719,310 
136,907 
562,003 
1,058,387 
1,034,553 
1,839,330 

2,463,503 



505,707 
47,154 

163,621 

50,138 

1,696,883 



13,040,045 



999,050 
14,281 



1,000 
pounds 

59,221,982 



1,000 
dollars 



10,369,286 



14,675,842 



2,758,015 



4,799,245 

107,865 

21,329 



1,126,666 
30,081 
4,929 

761,049 



3,052,111 
582,522 
713,717 



575,969 

55,202 

129,878 



1,514,500 
723,219 
653,431 

2,507,903 



44,546,140 



296,313 
144,623 
121,417 



7,611,271 



12,025,821 



87,464 
2,524,723 
9,413,634 

14,644,836 



2,624,16 2 



44,387 
240,129 
2,339,646 

2,224,032 



7,354,548 
7,290,288 



6,037,672 



887,080 

2,375,615 

792,493 

122,629 

517,331 
435,404 
907,120 

1,263,162 



812,494 
1,411,538 



1,429.135 



182,489 

799,326 

92,125 

33,861 

63,503 
96,530 

161,301 



200,599 

131,173 
47,992 
883,398 



10,574,649 



332,386 
10,428 



52,513 

18,592 

8,513 

120,521 



1.133,803 



131,675 
,753 



See footnotes at end of table 



16 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



TABLE 1.— Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical 

CONVERSION: U.S. PRODUCTION AND SALES, 1981--CONTINUED 



PRIMARY PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL 
GAS FOR CHEMICAL CONVERSION 



PRODUCTION 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS— Continued 

All other aliphatic hydrocarbons, derivatives, and 
mixtures — Continued 

Dodecene (Tetrapropylene) 

Heptenes, mixed 

Hexane 

Nonene (Tripropylene) 

n-Paraf f ins * 

Polybutene 

All other 1 " 



1,000 
pounds 

287,012 
126,725 
365,414 
452,771 

1,300,376 
339,699 

9,154,717 



1,000 

■pounds 

75,059 
86,745 
223,349 
254,959 
771,217 
196,265 
8,624,241 



1,000 
dollars 

52,196 
40,663 
56,263 
89,021 

148,808 
60,837 

547,587 



Per 
pound 



$0.70 
.47 
.25 
.35 
.19 
.31 
.06 



•Calculated from rounded figures. 

2 The chemical raw materials designated as aromatics are in some cases identical with those obtained from the 
distillation of coal tar; however, the statistics given in the table above relate only to such materials as are 
derived from petroleum and natural gas. Statistics on production and/or sales of benzene, toluene, and xylene 
from all sources are given in table 1 and IB of the report on "Tar and Tar Crudes." 
'includes toluene, solvent grade, 90 percent. 

"includes toluene and xylene used as solvents; may include that which is blended in aviation and motor gasolines. 
5 Includes data for alkyl aromatics, crude cresylic acid, refined cresylic acid, polyethylbenzene, distillates, 
solvents and miscellaneous cyclic hydrocarbons. 

Production figures on acetylene from calcium carbide for chemical synthesis are collected by the U.S. Bureau 
of the Census. 

'includes data for refinery propylene. 

"The statistics represent principally the butene content of crude refinery gases from which butadiene is manu- 
factured. 

'includes data for butanes, mixed C^ streams, 2-butene, and mixed butylenes. 
1 "includes data for isopentane, amylenes, dibutanized aromatic concentrate. 
11 Includes sales data only for n-pentane. 

12 Includes data for the following molecular weight ranges: C6-C7; C 8 -Cio; Cn-C 15 ; C15-C20; a nd others. 
13 Includes data for the following chain lenghts: C 6 -C 9 ; C 6 -Ci 6 ; C9-C15; C10-C11,; Ci -Ci 6 ; and others. 
1 "includes production and/or sales data for methane, methyl acetylene propadiene, methylcyclopentadiene, n-heptane, 
n-octane, di-isobutylene, eicosane, mixtures of C 2 and C 3 , C 6 and C 7 hydrocarbons, hydrocarbon derivatives, and other 
hydrocarbons. 



II -- PRIMARY PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS FOR CHEMICAL CONVERSION 



17 



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II -- PRIMARY PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS FOR CHEMICAL CONVERSION 



19 



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II -- PRIMARY PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS FOR CHEMICAL CONVERSION 



21 



TABLE 3, --Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical 
conversion: Directory of manufacturers, 1981 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of crude products from petroleum and natural gas for 
chemical conversion to the U.S. International Trade Commission for 1981 are listed below In the order of their 
identification codes as used In table 2] 



CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY : 


: CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY 




ACU 


Allied Chemical Corp., Union Texas : 


: KHI 


Koch Industries, Inc., Koch Refining Co. 






Petroleum Corp. : 


: KLM 


Kalama Chemical, Inc. 




AIP 


Air Products 4 Chemicals, Inc. : 








AMO 


Standard Oil Co. (Indiana) : 


: MCB 


Borg-Warner Corp. , Borg-Warner Chemicals 




APR 


Atlas Processing Co. : 


: MNO 


Monochem, Inc. 




ASH 


Ashland Oil, Inc. : 


: MOC 


Marathon Oil Co., Texas Refining Div. 




ATR 


Atlantic Richfield Co., Arco Chemical Co. : 


: MON 


Monsanto Co. 




BAS 


BASF Wyandotte Corp. : 


: NWP 


Northern Petrochemical Co. 




BFG 


B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich Chemical : 










Group : 


: OMC 


Olin Corp. 




CBN 


Cities Service Co., Petrochemicals Div. : 


: PAS 


Pennwalt Corp. 




CCP 


Crown Central Petroleum Corp. : 


: PLC 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 




CLK 


Clark Oil 4 Refining Corp. : 


: PPR 


Phillips Puerto Rico Core, Inc. 




CO 


Conoco, Inc. I 


PPX 


Phillips Paraxylene, Inc. 




COR 


Commonwealth Oil 4 Refining Co., Inc.: : 


: PTT 


Petro-Tex Chemical Corp. 




CPI 


Commonwealth Petrochemicals, Inc. : 








CPX 


Chemplex Co. : 


: QH 


Qulntana Petrochemical Co. 




CPY 


Copolymer Rubber & Chemical Corp. : 








CRB 


Caribe Isoprene Corp. : 


: RH 


Rohm 4 Haas Co. 




CRP 


Corpus Christ! Petrochemical Co. : 








CSD 


Cosden Oil 4 Chemical Corp. : 


: SHC 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 




CSO 


Cities Service Co., Petroleum Products Group : 


: SHO 


Shell Oil Co. 




CSP 


Coastal Corp., Coastal States Petroleum Co. : 


: SIO 


Standard Oil of Ohio 




CXI 


Chemical Exchange Industries, Inc. : 


: SKO 
: SM 


Getty Refining 4 Marketing Co. 
Mobil Oil Corp.: 




DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. : 




Gas Liquids Dept. 




DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. : 


: SNO 


Mobil Chemical Co., Petrochemicals Div 
SunOlin Chemical Co. 




EKX 


Eastman Kodak Co., Texas Eastman Co. Div. : 


: SOC 


Standard Oil Co. of California, Chevron 




ELP 


El Paso Products Co. : 




Chemical Co. 




ENJ 


Exxon Chemical Americas : 


: SOG 


Charter International Oil Co. 




EPC 


Enterprise Products Co., : 


: SUN 


Sun Company, Inc. 






Enterprise Petrochemicals Co. Sub. : 


: SWC 
: SWR 


Corco Cyclohexane, Inc. 
Southwestern Refining Co. 




FER 


Ferro Corp., Productol Chemical Div. : 








FKE 


Frank Enterprises, Inc. : 


: TCR 


Texas City Refining, Inc. 




FRS 


Firestone Tire 4 Rubber Co., Firestone : 
Synthetic Rubber 4 Latex Co. Div. : 


: TID 
: TNA 


Getty Refining 4 Marketing Co., Delaware 

Refinery 
Ethyl Corp. 




GOC 


Gulf Oil Corp., Gulf Oil Chemicals Co. -U.S. : 


: TOC 


Tenneco Oil Co., P & M 




GP 


Georgia-Pacific Corp., Houston Div. : 


: TUS 


Texas Butadiene Co. 




GRS 


Champlin Petroleum Co. : 


: TX 


Texaco, Inc. 




HAP 


Helmerich 4 Payne, Inc., National Gas : 


: UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 






Odorlzing Div. : 


: UOC 


Union Oil Co. of California 




HCF 


Hercofina : 


: USI 


National Distillers 4 Chemicals Corp., U 


S. 


HEC 


Hewchem : 




Industrial Chemicals Co. 




HES 


Amerada Hess Corp. (Hess Oil Virgin Islands : 
Corp.) : 


: USS 


USS Chemicals Div. of U.S. Steel Corp. 




HMY 


Humphrey Chemical Co. : 








HST 


American Hoechst Corp., Petrochemical Div. : 








IRC 


Independent Refinery Corp. : 









Note. — Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed In table 1 of 
the appendix. 



SECTION III -- CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 23 

STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 
Edmund Cappuccilli 

Cyclic intermediates are synthetic organic chemicals derived principally 
from petroleum and natural gas and from coal-tar crudes produced by destruc- 
tive distillation (pyrolysis) of coal. Most cyclic intermediates are used in 
the manufacture of more advanced synthetic organic chemicals and finished pro- 
ducts, such as dyes, medicinal chemicals, elastomers (synthetic rubber), pes- 
ticides, and plastics and resin materials. Some intermediates, however, are 
sold as end products without further processing. For example, refined nap- 
hthalene may be used as a raw material in the manufacture of 2-naphthol or 
of other more advanced intermediates, or may be packaged and sold as a moth 
repellant or as a deodorant. In 1981, about 42 percent of the total output of 
cyclic intermediates was sold; the rest was consumed chiefly in the producing 
plants in the manufacture of more advanced intermediates and finished products. 

Total production of cyclic intermediates in 1981 amounted to 45,323 million 
pounds, an increase of less than one percent from the 45,070 million pounds 
produced in 1980. Sales of cyclic intermediates in 1981 were 19,202 million 
pounds, valued at $7,437 million, compared with 20,060 million pounds, valued at 
$7,248 million in 1980. 

Intermediates which were produced in excess of 2 billion pounds in 1981 
were ethylbenzene (7,813 million pounds), styrene (6,679 million pounds), di- 
methyl terephthalate (6,235 million pounds), p-xylene (4,532 million pounds), 
cumene (3,309 million pounds), and phenol (2,578 million pounds). Other large- 
volume intermediates produced in 1981 were cyclohexane (1,820 million pounds), 
isocyanates (1,203 million pounds), o-xylene (918 million pounds), nitro- 
benzene (902 million pounds), phthalic anhydride (870 million pounds), cyclo- 
hexanone (766 million pounds), aniline (634 million pounds), bisphenol A 
(555 million pounds), alkylbenzenes (535 million pounds), monochlorobenzene 
(285 million pounds), and toluene-2,4-diamine (205 million pounds). The chem- 
icals noted above accounted for 88 percent of the total output of intermediates 
in 1981. 



Ill -- CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 
TABLE 1.— Cyclic intermediates: U.S. production and sales, 1981 



25 



[Listed below are all cyclic intermediates for which any reported data on production and sales may be published. 
(Leaders (...) are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where 
no data were reported.) Table 2 lists all cyclic intermediates for which data on production and/or sales 
were> reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



Grand total 

Acetoacetanilide 

o-Acetoacetanisidide 

o-Acetoacetotoluidide 

Acetophenone, tech 

Alkylbenzenes 2 

4-Amino-5-methoxy-2-methylbenzenesulfonic acid 

6-Aminopenicillanic acid 

p-[ (p-Aminophenyl)azo]benzenesulfonic acid 

Aniline (Aniline oil) 

Anilinomethanesulfonic acid and salt 

Benzoic acid, tech 

Biphenyl 

Butylphenols , mixed 

p-tert-Butyl toluene 

Chlorobenzene, mono- 

Cresols and cresylic acid, total 3 

(m, p)-Cresol 

o-Cresol 

All other * 

Cumene 

Cyclohexane 

Cyclohexanone 

o-Dichlorobenzene 

p-Dichlorobenzene 

Dlcyclopentadiene (including cyclopentadiene) 

1,4-Dihydroxyanthraquinone (Quinizarin) 

N,N-Dimethylbenzylamine 

2,4-Dinitrotoluene 

Ethyl benzene 

Isocyanic acid derivatives, total 

Polymethylene polyphenylisocyanate 

Toluene-2,4- and 2 , 6-diisocyanate (80/20 mixture) 
Other isocyanic acid derivatives 

4,4'-Isopropylidenediphenol (Bisphenol A) 

a-Methylstyrene 

o-Nitroaniline 

p-Nitroaniline 

Nitrobenzene 

Nonylphenol 

Phenol, total 3 

From cumene 

All other 

2,2'-[(Phenyl)imino]diethanol (N-Phenyldiethanol- 

amine) 

Phthalic anhydride 

Propiophenone 

Salicylic acid, tech 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



45,323,048 



10,285 

792 

1,623 

4,439 

535,271 

1,279 

679 

174 

634,293 

183 

78,547 

47,116 

2,750 

3,284 

285,480 

137.250 



31,672 
32,239 
73,339 

3,309,256 

1,819,530 

765,542 

51,581 

73,533 

88,570 

618 

229 

504,292 

7,812,959 

1,202,782 



517,923 

591,325 

93,534 

554,565 

35,548 

6,777 

13,661 

901,631 

151,724 



2,485,974 
91,657 



433 

869,520 



QUANTITY 



1,000 
pounds 



19,201,715 



9,340 

970 

1,818 



29,863 

21,674 

2,393 

85,822 



28,675 
28,146 
67,259 

1,746,393 
1,542,559 
35,667 
52,347 
68,829 
69,297 



344,494 



360,645 

533,226 

71,708 

197,562 
31,732 



19,574 
59,771 



1,061,978 



990,422 
71,556 



220 

446,945 

543 



1,000 
dollars 



7,436,562 



10,012 
2,438 
2,605 



13,429 
7,742 
1,952 

29,643 



17,594 
18,950 
43,895 

453,206 
411,890 
19,133 
20,575 
26,279 
15,558 



64,790 



271,643 

384,137 

76,641 

98,703 
12,148 



5,517 
26,629 



295,350 
23,230 



180 

153,368 

974 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



Per 

pound 



$0.39 



.75 

.72 

1.07 

.50 
.38 



.82 

.34 

1.79 



26 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 

TABLE 1.— Cyclic intermediates: U.S. production and sales, 1981— Continued 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



PRODUCTION 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



Styrene 

Terephthalic acid, dimethyl ester 6 

Toluene-2,4-diamine (4-m-Tolylenediamine)- 

o-Xylene 

p-Xyiene 

All other cyclic intermediates 



1,000 
pounds 

6,679,453 
6,234,986 
205,042 
917,601 
4,532,421 
4,231,950 



1,000 
pounds 



2,993,179 



812,211 
2,974,234 

4,885,001 



1,000 
dollars 



998,174 



201,264 

900,097 

2,555,826 



Per 

pound 



$0.33 



.30 
.52 



Calculated from unrounded figures. 

2 Includes straight-chain dodecylbenzene, tridecylbenzene, and other straight-chain alkylbenzenes. Branched- 
chain alkylbenzenes are included in "All other cyclic intermediates." Data for 1980, included branch-chained 
alkylbenzenes . 

3 Does not include data for coke oven and gas-retort ovens, reported to the Office of Energy Data and Inter- 
pretation, Energy Information Administration, Department of Energy. 

"Figures include (o,m,p)-cresol from coal tar, m-cresol, p-cresol, and cresylic acid refined from petroleum and 
coal tar. 

5 Data for 1981 are correct. Data for several previous years did not include all plants. 

6 The figures for terephthalic acid, dimethyl ester (DMT) include both the acid itself and the dimethyl ester 
without double counting. The acid production figure was multiplied by the factor 1,16 to convert it to equiv- 
alent DMT. 



Ill -- CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



27 



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31 



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33 



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54 



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35 



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52 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 
TABLE 3.— Cyclic intermediates: Directory of manufacturers, 1981 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of cyclic intermediates to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1981 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY : 


: CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY 


ABB 


Abbott Laboratories : 


: FER 


Ferro Corp. : 


AC 


American Color & Chemical Corp. : 




Ottawa Chemical Div. 


ACS 


Allied Corp., Allied Chemical Co. : 




Productol Chemical Div. 


ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. : 


: FKE 


Frank Enterprises, Inc. 


AFP 


Allied Corp., Fibers & Plastics Co., Div. : 


: FMP 


FMC Corp., Industrial Chemical Group 


ALD 


Aldrich Chemical Co., Inc. : 


: FMT 


Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc. 


ALL 


Alliance Chemical Corp. : 


: FST 


First Chemical Corp. 


AMB 


American Bio-Synthetics Corp. : 






AMO 


Standard Oil Co. (Indiana) : 


: GAF 


GAF Group 


ARA 


Araphahoe Chemicals, Inc., Sub/Syntex U.S.A., : 


: GE 


General Electric Co. 




Inc. : 


: GIV 


Givaudan Corp. 


ARK 


Armstrong World Industries, Inc. : 


: GLY 


Glyco, Inc. 


ARS 


Arsynco, Inc. : 


: GNW 


Greenwood Chemical Co. 


ARZ 


Arizona Chemical Co. : 


: GOC 


Gulf Oil Corp., Gulf Oil Chemical Co. -U.S. 


ASH 


Ashland Oil, Inc. : 


: GP 


Georgia-Pacific Corp.: 


ATL 


Atlantic Chemical Corp. : 




Houston Div. 


ATR 


Atlantic Richfield Co., Arco Chemical Co. : 




Plaquemine Div. 






: GRS 


Champlin Petroleum Co. 


BAS 


BASF Wyandotte Corp. and Pigments Div. : 


: GTL 


Great Lakes Chemical Corp. 


BCC 


Buffalo Color Corp. : 


: GYR 


Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 


BJL 


Burdick & Jackson Laboratories, Inc. : 






BKM 


Buckman Laboratories, Inc. : 


: HCF 


Hereof ina 


BRD 


Lonza , Inc. : 


: HCR 


Hercor Chemical Corp. 


BUC 


Synalloy Corp., Blackman-Uhler Chemicals Div. : 


: HEX 


Hexagon Laboratories, Inc. 






: HK 


Hooker Chemicals & Plastics Corp. 


CCW 


Carstab Corp. : 


: HML 


Hummel Chemical Co. 


CEL 


Celanese Corp., Celanese Chemical Co., Inc. : 


: HN 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc. 


CGY 


Ciba-Ceigy Corp. : 


: HPC 


Hercules, Inc. 


CHL 


Chemol, Inc. : 


: HSH 


Harshaw Chemical Co. 


CHT 


Chattem, Inc. : 


: HST 


American Hoechst Corp.: 


CLK 


Clark Oil & Refining Corp. : 




Industrial Chemicals Div. 


CNP 


Nipro, Inc. : 




Petrochemicals Div. 


CO 


Conoco, Inc. • 


: HXL 


Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Chemical Products 


COS 


Cosan Chemical Corp. : 






CPI 


Commonwealth Oil & Refining Co., Inc. : 
Commonwealth Petrochemicals, Inc. : 


: ICI 


ICI Americas, Inc., Chemicals Specialties Co. 


CPS 


CPS Chemical Co., Inc. : 


: KF 


Kay-Fries, Inc., Member Dynamit Nobel Group 


CRB 


Caribe Isoprene Corp. : 


: KHI 


Koch Industries, Inc., Koch Refining Co. 


CRP 


Corpus Christ! Petrochemicals Co. : 


: KLM 


Kalama Chemical, Inc. 


CRZ 


Crown Zellenbach Corp. : 


: KPT 


Koppers Co., Inc. 


CSD 


Cosden Oil & Chemical Co. : 






CWN 


Upjohn Co., Fine Chemical Div. : 


: LAK 


Bofors Nobel, Inc. & Lakeway, Inc. 


CXI 


Chemical Exchange Industries, Inc. : 


: LC 


Lord Corp., Chemicals Products Group 






: LEL 


Leland Chemical Co. 


DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp., Diamond Shamrock : 


: LEM 


Napp Chemicals, Inc. 




Agricultural Chemicals, Inc., Cresylic : 


: LIL 


Eli Lilly & Co., U.S. & Puerto Rico 




Plant : 






DBC 


Badische Co. : 


: MAL 


Mallinckrodt , Inc. 


DCC 


Dow Corning Corp. : 


: MCB 


Borg-Warner Corp., Borg-Warner Chemicals 


DGC 


Degussa Corp. : 


: MER 


Merichem Co. 


DKA 


Denka Chemical Corp. : 


: MIL 


Milliken & Co., Milliken Chemical Co. 


DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. : 


: MLC 


Melamine Chemicals, Inc. 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. : 


: MOB 


Mobay Chemical Co., Pittsburgh Div. 






: MON 


Monsanto Co. 


EK 


Eastman Kodak Co.: " 


: MRT 


Morton-Norwich Products, Inc., Morton Chemical 


EKT 


Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. : 




Co. Div. 


ELP 


El Paso Products Co. : 


: MTO 


Montrose Chemical Corp. of California 


ENJ 


Exxon Chemical Americas : 


: MTP 


Mount Pleasant Chemical Co. 


ESX 


Essex Industrial Chemicals, Inc., Essex : 








Chemical Corp. : 


: NCI 


Union Camp Corp., Terpene and Aromatics Div. 






: NEP 


Nepera Chemical Co., Inc. 



Ill —CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 53 

TABLE 3, —Cyclic intermediates: Directory of manufacturers, 1981— Continued 



CODE 


: NAME OF COMPANY 


: : CODE 


: NAME OF COMPANY 


NES 


: Ruetgers Nease Chemical Co. 


: SK 


: SmithKline Beckman Corp., SmithKline 


NIL 


: Nilok Chemical, Inc. 




: Chemicals Div. 


NOR 


: Morton-Norwich Products, Inc., Norwich Eaton 


: SKO 


: Getty Refining & Marketing Co. 




: Pharmaceutical Div. 


: SOC 


: Standard Oil Co. of California, Chevron 


NPC 


: Northwest Petrochemical Corp. 




Chemical Co. 






: SOG 


Charter International Oil Co. 


OMC 


Olin Corp. 


: SOI 


Specialty Organics, Inc. 


OPC 


: Orbis Products Corp. 


: SOL 


Southland Corp., Fine Chemical Div. 


ORO 


Chevron Chemical Co. 


: STC 


American Hoechst Corp., Sou-Tex Works 


ORT 


Roehr Chemicals, Inc. 


: STP 


Stepan Chemical Co. 






: STX 


St. Croix Petrochemical Corp. 


PAC 


Pacific Anchor Chemical Corp. 


: SUN 


Sun Company, Inc. 


PAS 


Pennwalt Corp. 


: SW 


Sherwin-Williams Co. 


PCW 


Pfister Chemical, Inc. 


: SWC 


Corco Cyclohexane, Inc. 


PD 


Warner-Lambert Co. 


: SWR 


Southwestern Refining Co., Inc. 


PEL 


Pel rem Corp. 


: SYT 


Synthron, Inc. 


PPZ 


Pfizer, Inc., & Pfizer Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 






PHC 


Phthalchem, Inc. 


: TCC 


Sybron Corp., Chemical Divislon/Tanatex 


PIT 


PItt-Consol Chemical Co. 


: TCH 


Emery Industries, Inc., Try Ion Div. 


PLC 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 


: TEN 


Cities Service Co., Copperhill Operations 


PPG 


PPG Industries, Inc. 


: TLC 


Twin Lake Chemical, Inc. 


PPR 


Phillips Puerto Rico Core, Inc. 


: TNA 


Ethyl Corp. 


PPX 


Phillips Paraxylene, Inc. 


: TOC 


Tenneco Oil Co., P & M 






: TRC 


Toms River Chemical Corp. 


QKO 


Quaker Oats Co. 


: TRD 


Squibb Manufacturing, Inc., Renesa, Inc., 
Ersana, Inc. 


RBC 


Fike Chemicals, Inc. : 


: TRN 


Trinity Chemical Corp. 


RDA 


Rhone-Poulenc, Inc. : 


: TX 


Texaco, Inc. 


REG 


Regis Chemical Co. : 






REL 


Reliance Universal Inc., Louisville Resins : 


: UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 




Operations : 


: UOC 


Union Oil Co. of California 


RH 


Rohm & Haas Co. : 


: UPF 


Jim Walker Resources, Inc. 


RIL 


Reilly Tar & Chemical Corp. : 


: UPJ 


Upjohn Co. 


RSA 


R.S.A. Corp. : 


: USM 


Crown Metro, Inc. 


ROC : 


Rubicon Chemicals, Inc. : 


: USR 


Unlroyal, Inc., Unlroyal Chemical Div. 






: USS 


USS Chemicals Div. of U.S. Steel Corp. 


SAL • 


Salsbury Laboratories, Inc. : 






sec • 


Standard Chlorine of Delaware, Inc. t 


: VEL 


Velsicol Chemical Corp. 


SCM : 


SCM Corp., PCR Div. : 


: VGC : 


Virginia Chemicals, Inc. 


SCN : 


Schenectady Chemicals, Inc. : 


: VIK ■ 


Viking Chemical Co. 


SDC : 


Martin-Marietta Corp., Sodyeco Div. : 
Sterling Drug, Inc.: : 


: VPC : 


Mobay Chemical Corp., Dyestuff Div. 


SDH : 


Hilton Davis Chemical Co. Div. : 


: WAY : 


Philip A. Hunt Chemical Corp., Organic 


SDW : 


Sterling Organics Div. : 




Chemical Div. 




Stauffer Chemical Co.: : 


: WCC : 


White Chemical Corp. 


SFA 


Agricultural Div. : 


: WTC : 


Witco Chemical Corp. 


SFC : 


Calhio Chemicals, Inc. : 


: WYT : 


Wyeth Laboratories, Inc., Wyeth Laboratories 


SFS : 


Specialty Div. : 




Div. of American Home Products Corp. 


SHC : 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. : 







Note. — Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in table 1 of 
the appendix. The above codes identify those of the 194 reporting companies and company divisions for which 
permission to publish was not restricted. 



SECTION IV -- DYES 55 



STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 
William Baker 



Synthetic dyes are derived in whole or in part from cyclic intermediates, 
Approximately two-thirds of the dyes consumed in the United States are used 
by the textile industry to dye natural and synthetic fibers or fabrics; about 
one-sixth is used for coloring paper; and the rest is used chiefly in the 
production of organic pigments and in the dyeing of leather and plastics. Of 
the several thousand different synthetic dyes that are known, more than one 
thousand are manufactured by domestic producers, collectively. The large 
number of dyes results from the many different types of materials to which 
dyes are applied, the different conditions of service for which dyes are 
required, and the cost that a particular use can bear. Dyes are sold as 
pastes, powders, lumps, and solutions; concentrations vary from 6 percent to 
100 percent. The concentration, form and purity of dye are determined 
largely by the use for which it is intended. 

Total domestic production of dyes in 1981 amounted to 230 million pounds, 
or 6.4 percent less than the 245 million pounds produced in 1980 (table 1) . 
Sales of dyes in 1981 amounted to 219 million pounds, valued at $773 million, 
compared with 227 million pounds, valued at $791 million, in 1980. In terms 
of quantity, sales of dyes in 1981 were 3.8 percent less than in 1980 and 
in terms of value, 2.3 percent less. The average unit value of sales of 
all dyes in 1981 was $3.53 per pound compared with $3.48 per pound im 1980. 

The production of three classes of dyes increased in 1981, while the 
remaining six major classes registered slight to moderate declines in their 
production. Direct dyes increased by 15.3 percent from 31.2 million pounds 
in 1980 to 36.0 million pounds in 1981; food, drug, and cosmestic colors 
increased by 9.7 percent from 6.1 million pounds in 1980 to 6.7 million 
pounds in 1981; flourescent brightening agents increased by 1,2 percent from 
37.9 million pounds in 1980 to 38.4 million in 1981. 



IV -- DYES 
TABLE 1.— Dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1981 



57 



[Listed below are all dyes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders 
(...) are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no 
data were reported.) Table 2 lists all dyes for which data on production and/or sales were reported and 
identifies the manufacturers of each] 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



Grand total 

ACID DYES 

Total 

Acid yellow dyes, total 

Acid Yellow 17 

Acid Yellow 19 

Acid Yellow 23 

Acid Yellow 36 

Acid Yellow 49 

Acid Yellow 151 

Acid Yellow 174 

All other 

Acid orange dyes, total 

Acid Orange 7 

Acid Orange 10 

Acid Orange 156 

All other 

Acid red dyes, total 

Acid Red 1 

Acid Red 4 

Acid Red 73 

Acid Red 88 

Acid Red 114 

Acid Red 137 

Acid Red 151 

Acid Red 266 

Acid Red 337 

All other 

Acid violet dyes 

Acid blue dyes 

Acid green dyes, total 

Acid Green 25 

All other 

Acid brown dyes, total 

Acid Brown 14 

All other 

Acid black dyes, total 

Acid Black 1 

Acid Black 52 

Acid Black 172 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 



229,670 



5,894 



117 
93 
140 
222 
631 
1,495 

3,196 



5,111 



250 

148 
2,483 
2,230 



4,358 



197 
32 
93 
83 

218 
270 



2,777 

81 
5,255 

201 



36 
165 



288 
617 



322 
747 



1,000 
pounds 



218,848 



24,455 



6,490 



134 

98 

126 

220 

2,083 

24 

3,805 



5,553 



155 
5,398 

3,769 



189 

40 

93 

67 

142 

185 

255 

464 

454 

1,880 



106 

4,994 

166 



166 



263 
605 



2,509 



1,000 
dollars 



772,837 



106,973 



656 

369 
585 
733 

4,982 

104 

15,258 



16,152 



644 
15,508 

24,103 



799 

236 

516 

371 

739 

1,500 

874 

2,278 

3,333 

13,457 



757 

26,909 

l ,502 



1,502 
3,813 



1,153 
2,660 



11,050 



322 

639 

144 

1,404 



1,555 

2,407 

890 

6,198 



See footnotes at end of table 



58 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 
TABLE 1.— Dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1981— Continued 



PRODUCTION 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



BASIC DYES (CLASSICAL AND MODIFIED) 

Total 

Basic yellow dyes, total 

. Basic Yellow 11 

Basic Yellow 13 

Basic Yellow 29 

Basic Yellow 79 

All other 

Basic orange dyes, total 

Basic Orange 2 

All other 

Basic red dyes, total 

Basic Red 12 

Basic Red 14 

Basic Red 15 

Basic Red 49 

All other 

Basic violet dyes, total 

Basic Voilet 1 

Basic Voilet 16 ■ 

All other 

Basic blue dyes, total 

Basic Blue 3 

Basic Blue 41 

All other 

All other basic dyes 

DIRECT DYES 

Total 

Direct yellow dyes, total 

Direct Yellow 4 

Direct Yellow 6 

Direct Yellow 11 

Direct Yellow 127 

All other 

Direct orange dyes, total 

Direct Orange 15 

Direct Orange 39 

Direct Orange 102 

All other 

Direct red dyes, total 

Direct Red 2 

Direct Red 23 

Direct Red 24 

Direct Red 72 

Direct Red 80 

Direct Red 81 

Direct Red 83 

Direct Red 236 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 



12, ( 



347 
142 



2,536 



443 
575 



147 
376 



111 
,199 



3,314 



2,392 



312 
336 



16,916 



1,124 

6,545 

584 

8,663 

1,348 



157 
443 



6,234 



439 

419 

1,854 

153 

1,028 

2,088 



1,000 
pounds 



13,181 



1,000 
dollars 



3,547 



336 
181 
395 
356 
,279 



398 
568 



2,076 



131 
601 
223 
95 
,026 



,143 
229 
926 



437 
296 

1,677 



14,457 



1,125 
378 

5,747 
493 

6,714 

1.158 



357 
132 
361 
308 



128 
401 
406 
,072 
139 
,015 
,125 



14,19 



1,104 

809 

940 

1,372 

9,973 

3,481 



1,322 
2,159 



,957 

~9 4 5" " 



1,358 
791 
525 

6,338 

11,314 



5,362 

970 

4,982 

20,973 



,849 
1,723 
17,401 

11,585 



90,147 



29,356 

2,354 

876 

5,027 

1,296 

19,803 



3,856 

507 
1,294 
1,411 

19,417 



per 

pound 



469 

306 
7 60 
1,970 
2,121 
3,451 
612 
2,768 
6,960 



$5.43 



4.00 



3.28 

4.48 
2.38 
3.85 
4.38 

3.60 



3.32 
3.80 



4.£ 



7.21 
2.26 
3.54 
5.55 
6.18 

3.43 



2.50 
4.23 
5.38 



4.23 

5.83 

10.37 



2.03 
2.09 



0.87 
2.63 
2.95 



3.57 
4.98 
5.63 
5.96 
4.91 
5.23 
3.22 
4.40 



See footnotes at end of table 



IV -DYES 

TABLE L— Dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1981—Continued 



59 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



DIRECT DYES--CONTINUED 

Direct violet and green dyes, total 

Direct Violet dyes 

Direct Green dyes 

Direct blue dyes, total 

Direct Blue 1 

Direct Blue 15 

Direct Blue 80 

Direct Blue 86 

Direct Blue 120, 120:1, 120:2, and 120:3— 
All other 

Direct brown dyes 

Direct black dyes, total 

Direct Black 22 

All other 

DISPERSE DYES 

Total 

Disperse yellow dyes, total 

Disperse Yellow 67 

All other 

Disperse orange dyes, total 

Disperse Orange 3 

Disperse Orange 25 and 25:1 

Disperse Orange 29 

Disperse Orange 44 and 44:1 

All other 

Disperse red dyes, total 

Disperse Red 1 

Disperse Red 17 

Disperse Red 55 

Disperse Red 65 

Disperse Red 167 and 167:1 

Disperse Red 177 

Disperse Red 179 

All other 

Disperse violet dyes 

Disperse blue dyes, total 

Disperse Blue 3 

Disperse Blue 79 

All other 

Disperse black, brown, and green dyes, total 

Disperse Brown 1 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 



6.117 



215 
327 

1,227 
113 

4,235 

567 



1,195 
3,103 



4,922 
4,870 



168 
4,284 



8.028 



111 

146 
224 
502 
854 
210 
5,820 

432 



943 
8,164 
8,697 



1,174 
1,575 



1,000 
pounds 



334 
236 



5,850 



84 
199 
297 

1,253 
119 

3,898 

471 



1,103 
2,737 



34,940 



4,158 
4.767 



53 
464 
499 

3,751 



251 
179 



314 

921 

115 

6,003 

444 



901 
7,318 
6.937 



1,000 
dollars 



2,94 9 
1,667 
1,282 



21,047 



526 

449 

1,155 

3,547 

869 

14,501 

2,226 

11,296 



1,971 
9,325 



148,009 



286 

16,509 



225 
1,476 
1,578 



855 
600 



1,270 

3,675 

557 

34,096 

2.205 



3,972 
17,598 
42,559 



1,100 
1,481 



3,435 
6,826 



Per 

pound 



4.99 
5.43 



1.79 

3.41 



5.63 
3.97 



4.23 
3.18 
3.16 



3.41 
3.35 



4.04 
3.99 
4.85 
5.68 

4.97 

4.23 



4.41 
2.40 
6.14 



See footnotes at end of table 



60 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



TABLE 1,— Dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1<j31--Continued 



PRODUCTION 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



FLUORESCENT BRIGHTENING AGENTS 



Fluorescent brightening agents, total 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 28 

All other flourescent brightening agents — 

FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC COLORS 

Total 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Dyes 

Total 



FD&C Blue No. 1 

FD&C Red No. 3 

FD&C Red No. 40 

FD&C Yellow No. 5 

FD&C Yellow No. 6 

All other food, drug and cosmetic dyes- 



Drug and Cosmetic and External Drug 
and Cosmetic Dyes 



Total- 
D&C Orange 5 



D&C Red No. 7 

D&C Red No. 9 

D&C Red No. 19 

D&C Red No. 36 

All other drug and cosmetic and external drug and 
cosmetic dyes 



MORDANT DYES 



SOLVENT DYES 



Solvent yellow dyes, total- 
Solvent Yellow 14 

All other 



Solvent orange dyes 

Solvent blue dyes 

All other solvent dyes- 



Total— 
Vat orange dyes — 



Vat red dyes 

Vat green dyes- 



All other vat dyes 

All other dyes 2 

See footnotes at end of table 



1,000 
pounds 



662 
37,718 



6.666 



6.218 



193 

546 

2,408 

1,616 

1,377 

78 



10,296 



148 
695 

821 
2,997 
5,635 



35,267 



378 
1,482 



32,815 
26,707 



1,000 



1,000 
dollars 



748 
37,515 



5.604 



279 

559 

2,088 

1,368 

1,173 

137 



145 
357 

853 

896 

4,937 



601 
1,791 



34,217 
25,119 



1,772 
62,207 



47.982 



3,607 
7,838 
20,934 
7,743 
5,318 
2,542 



277 
40 



599 
2,751 

3,311 

5,648 

16,627 



6,671 
8,744 



100,370 
84,104 



per 
pound 



$1.67 



2.37 
1.66 



8.56 



12.93 
14.03 
10.02 
5.66 
4.53 
18.55 



13.64 
8.31 



4.12 
7.71 

3.88 
6.31 
3.37 



14 


55 


3 


07 


2 


93 


3 


71 



IV -- DYES 



61 



'Caluculated from unrounded figures. 

2 The data include azoic compositions, azoic coupling components, azoic diazo components (bases and salts), 
fiber-reactive dyes, sulfur dyes, and miscellaneous dyes. Statistics for those groups of dyes may not be 
published separately because publication would disclose information received in confidence. 



TABLE 1A.— Dyes: U.S. production and sales, by class of application. 1981 



CLASS OF APPLICATION 



PRODUCTION 



UNIT] 
VALUE 



Total 

Acid 

Basic (Classical and modified) 

Direct 

Disperse 

Fluorescent brightening agents 
Food, drug, and cosmetic color 

Mordant 

Solvent 

Vat 

All other 2 



1,000 
pounds 



229,670 



24,520 
12,663 
35,991 
38,805 
38,380 
6,666 
375 
10,296 
35,267 
26,707 



1,000 
pounds 



218,848 



1,000 
dollars 



772,837 



24,455 
13,181 
31,780 
34,940 
38,263 

6,060 
315 

7,188 
37,547 
25,119 



106,973 
71,508 
90,147 

148,009 

63,979 

56,282 

1,626 

28,936 

121,273 
84,104 



per 
pound 



$3.53 



4.37 
5.43 
2.84 
4.24 
1.67 
9.29 
5.16 
4.03 
3.23 
3.71 



Calculated from unrounded figures. 

The data include azoic composit ions , azoic coupling components, azoic diazo components (bases and salts), 
fiber-reactive dyes, sulfur dyes, and miscellaneous dyes. Statistics for those groups of dyes may not be pub- 
lished separately because publication would disclose information received in confidence. 



62 



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7H 



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76 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



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86 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHLMICALS, 1981 



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IV -- DYES 
1ABLE 3. --Dyes: Directory of manufacturers, 1981 



87 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of dyes to the U.S. International Trade Commission 
for 1981 are listed below In the order of their Identification codes as used in table 2] 



CODE 


: NAME OF COMPANY : 


: CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY 


AC 


: American Color & Chemical Corp. : 


: KON 


H. Kohnstamm & Co., Inc. 


ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. : 






ALL 


Alliance Chemical Corp. : 


: LVR 


C. Lever Co., Inc. 


ATL 


Atlantic Chemical Corp. : 










: MRT 


Morton Norwich Products, Inc., Morton Chemical 


BAS 


BASF Wyandotte Corp. & Pigments Div. : 




Div. 


BCC 


Buffalo Color Corp. : 


MRX 


Max Marx Color & Chemical Co. 


BUC 


Synalloy Corp., Blackman Uhler Chemical Dlv. : 










: PCW 


Pfister, Inc. 


ccw 


Carstab Corp. : 


: PDC 


Berncolors-Poughkeepsie, Inc. 


CGY 


Ciba-Geigy Corp. : 


: PSC 


Passaic Color & Chemical Co. 


CK 


Crompton & Knowles Corp., Dyes & Chemical : 








Div. : 


: S 


Sandoz, Inc., Colors & Chemicals Div. 






: SDC 


Martin-Marietta Corp., Sodyeco Div. 


DGO 


Day-Glo Color Corp. : 


: SDH 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Hilton Davis Chemical Co. 


DSC 


Dye Specialties, Inc. : 




Div. 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. : 


: SNA 


Sun Chemical Corp. 






: STG 


McCormick & Co., Inc., McCormick/Stange Flavor 


EKT 


Eastman Kodak Co., Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. : 




Div. 






: SW 


Sherwin-Williams Co. 


FAB 


Fabrlcolor Manufacturing Corp. : 










TMS 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Thomasset Colors Div. 


HSH 


Harshaw Chemical Co. : 


: TNI 


Gillette Co., Chemical Div. 


HST 


American Hoechst Corp., Industrial Chemicals : 
Div. : 


: TRC 


Toms River Chemical Corp. 


ICI 


ICI Americas, Inc., Chemical Specialties : 
Co. : 


: VPC 


Mobay Chemical Corp., Dyestuff Div. 




: WJ 


Warner- Jenkinson Co. 



Note. — Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in table 1 of 
the appendix. 



SECTION V -- ORGANIC PIGMENTS 89 



STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 
William Baker 



Organic pigments are toners and lakes derived in whole or in part from 
benzenoid chemicals and colors. 

Statistics on production and sales of all organic pigments in 1981 are 
given in table 1. For a few important pigments already reported in table 1, 
supplemental data on sales by commercial forms are reported in table 1A. 
Individual toners and lakes are identified in this report by the names used 
in the third edition of the Colour Index . 

Total production of organic pigments in 1981 was 75.8 million pounds — 
9.3 percent more than the 69.4 million pounds produced in 1980. Total sales 
of organic pigments in 1981 amounted to 64.1 million pounds, valued at $415.3 
million compared with 60.8 million pounds, valued at $361.3 million, in 1980. 
In terms of quantity, sales of organic pigments in 1981 were 5.4 percent 
higher than in 1980; in terms of value, sales in 1981 were 14.9 percent high- 
er than in 1980. 

Production of toners in 1981 amounted to 75.0 million pounds — 9.4 per- 
cent more than the 68.5 million pounds reported in 1980. Sales in 1981 were 
63.5 million pounds, valued at $412.6 million, compared with 60.2 million 
pounds, valued at $358.7 million, in 1980. Sales in 1981 were 5.5 percent 
higher than those of 1980 in terms of quantity, and 15.0 percent higher in 
terms of value. The individual toners listed in the report which were pro- 
duced in the largest quantities in 1981 were Pigment Yellow 12, 11.6 million 
pounds; Pigment Blue 15:3, beta form, 8.5 million pounds; Pigment Red 49.1; 
barium toner, 5.8 million pounds; Pigment Red 57:1, calcium toner, 5.4 
million pounds; Pigment Red 53:1, barium toner, 4.3 million pounds; and 
Pigment Yellow 14, 3.7 million pounds. 

Production of lakes totaled 815,000 pounds in 1981 — 1.4 percent less 
than the 827,000 pounds reported for 1980. Sales of lakes in 1981 amounted 
to 552,000 pounds, valued at $2.8 million. In terms of quantity, sales of 
lakes in 1981 were 5.5 percent less than in 1980; in term of value, sales in 
1981 were 6.0* percent higher than in 1980. 

For each of 14 selected pigments, or groups of pigments, table 1A gives 
data on sales by commercial forms. Pigment Yellow 14, Pigment Red 3, Pigment 
Red 48:2, calcium, Pigment Red 49:1, barium, Pigment Blue 15:1 and 15:2, 
alpha forms, and Pigment Green 7 were sold principally in the dry full-strength 
form. Pigment Yellow 12, Pigment Red 53:1, barium, Pigment Red 57:1, calcium 
and Pigment Blue 15:3, beta form were sold principally in the flushed form. 



Toners and lakes are essentially the same in their final form; they differ 
in the method of preparation. A lake is an organic pigment produced by the in- 
teraction of a soluble dye, a precipitant, and an absorptive inorganic substrate. 
A toner is an insoluble dye produced as a powder; some toners are extended by the 
inclusion of a solid diluent. 

See also table 2 which lists these products and identifies the manufacturers 
by codes. These codes are listed in table 3. 



V -- ORGANIC PIGMENTS 



91 



TABLE 1.— Organic pigments: U.S. production and sales, 1981 

[Listed below are all organic pigments for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders (...) are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or 
where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists all organic pigments for which data on production and/or 
sales were reported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



ORGANIC PIGMENTS 



PRODUCTION 



SALES 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 



Grand total 

TONERS 
Total 

Yellow toners, total 

Acetoacetarylide yellows: 

Pigment Yellow 1, C.I. 11 680 

Pigment Yellow 3, C.I. 11 710 

Pigment Yellow 65 C.I. 11 740 

Pigment Yellow 73, C.I. 11 738 

Pigment Yellow 74, C.I. 11 741 

Diarylide yellows: 

Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090 

Pigment Yellow 13, C.I. 21 100 

Pigment Yellow 14, C.I. 21 095 

Pigment Yellow 17, C.I. 21 105 

Pigment Yellow 83, C.I. 21 108 

All other 

Orange toners, total 

Pigment Orange 5, C.I. 12 075 

Pigment Orange 13, C.I. 21 110 

Pigment Orange 16, C.I. 21 160 

Pigment Orange 34, C.I. 21 115 

All other 

Red toners, total 

Naphthol reds, total 

Pigment Red 2, C.I. 12 310 

Pigment Red 5, C.I. 12 490 

Pigment Red 17, C.I. 12 390 

Pigment Red 22, C.I. 12 315 

Pigment Red 23, C.I. 12 355 

All other naphthol reds 

Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120 

Pigment Red 4, C.I. 12 085 

Pigment Red 38, C.I. 21 120 

Pigment Red 48:1, barium toner, C.I. 15 865 

Pigment Red 48:2, calcium toner, C.I. 15 865 

Pigment Red 48:4, manganese toner, C.I. 15 865- 

Pigment Red 49:1, barium toner, C.I. 15 630 

Pigment Red 49:2, calcium toner, C.I. 15 630 

Pigment Red 52:?, calcium toner, C.I. 15 860 

Pigment Red 52:2, manganese toner, C.I. 15 860— 

Pigment Red 53:1, barium toner, C.I. 15 585 

Pigment Red 57:1, calcium toner, C.I. 15 850 

Pigment Red 81, PMA, C.I. 45 160 

Pigment Red 81, PTA, C.I. 45 160 

All other 

Violet toners, total 

Pigment Violet 1, PMA, C.I. 45 170 

Pigment Violet 1, PTA, C.I. 45 170 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis 3 

75,795 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis* 

64,067 



20.526 



1,000 
dollars 



415,320 



Per 

pound 



412,561 



90,271 



271 


242 


1,323 


5.46 


109 


128 


726 


5.67 


196 


168 


1,363 


8.11 


306 


396 


1,941 


4.90 


1,124 


1,050 


8,274 


7.88 


11,632 


8,806 


39,181 


4.45 


729 


613 


3,605 


5.88 


3,667 


2,975 


14,504 


4.88 


746 


609 


3,720 


6.11 


914 


896 


8,249 


9.21 


832 


784 


7,385 


9.42 


2,164 


2,083 


12.855 


6.17 


828 


812 


3,590 


4.42 


197 


192 


1,448 


7.52 


645 


572 


3,646 


6.37 


71 


75 


556 


7.40 


423 


432 


3,615 


8.38 


27,102 


23,164 


145,788 


6.29 


1,452 


1,318 


12,361 


9.38 


45 


50 


317 


6.38 


57 


53 


601 


11.32 


67 


20 


182 


8.95 


67 


63 


710 


11.32 


110 


101 


1,254 


12.40 


1,106 


1,031 


9,297 


9.02 


1,053 


1,026 


5,921 


5.77 


143 


138 


657 


4.74 


146 


145 


1,569 


10.82 


601 


481 


3,158 


6.57 


1,600 


1,316 


8,723 


6.63 


302 


161 


1,205 


7.49 


5,848 


5,247 


18,797 


3.58 


1,157 


839 


4,081 


4.87 


1,179 


1,093 


7,063 


6.46 


444 


409 


2,185 


5.34 


4,305 


3,573 


17,109 


4.79 


5,445 


4,550 


28,524 


6.27 


405 


390 


4,855 


12.44 




46 


765 


16.62 


3,022 


2,432 


28,815 


11.85 


2,433 


1,881 


32,843 


17.46 


128 


143 


1,605 


11.21 


61 


45 


642 : 


14.37 



See footnotes at end of table 



92 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 

TABLE 1, --Organic pigments: U.S. production and sales, 1981— Continued 



ORGANIC PIGMENTS 



PRODUCTION 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 5 



TONERS — Continued 

Violet toners — Continued 

Pigment Violet 3, PMA, C.I. 42 535 

Pigment Violet 3, PTA, C.I. 42 535 

Pigment Violet 19, C.I. 46 500 

All other 

Blue toners, total 

Pigment Blue 15, alpha form, C.I. 74 160— 
Pigment Blue 15:1, alpha form, C.I. 74 160 
Pigment Blue 15:2, alpha form, C.I. 74 160 
Pigment Blue 15:3, beta form, C.I. 74 160- 
All other 

Green toners, total 

Pigment Green 7, C.I. 74 260 

Pigment Green 36, C.I. 74 265 

All other 

Brown and Black toners 

LAKES 

Total 

Red lakes, total 

Pigment Red 60:1, C.I. 16 105 

All other 

All other lakes 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis 1 



1,376 
465 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis 1 



14 
935 

744 

16,880 



1,000 
dollars 



212 
19,879 
10,505 

104,313 



1,246 
8,454 
7,914 



776 

795 

690 

7,190 

7,429 

2,682 



5,741 

8,052 

7,581 

45,304 

37,635 

25,655 



,527 
225 
175 



2,348 
226 
108 



21,801 
2,325 
1,529 



1,814 



235 
105 



1,336 



Per 
pound 



$15.35 
21.27 
14.12 

6.18 



7.40 

10.12 

10.99 

6.30 

5.07 

9.56 



9.28 
10.30 
14.07 



5.68 

4.57 



'The value of sales for toners is reported on a dry full-strenght basis and the value of sales for lakes is 
reported on a dry form basis. All sales value data exclude the additional costs of processing or packaging in 
commercial forms other than the dry full-strength or dry form. 

Calculated from unrounded figures, except "All other." 

Quantities for toners are reported as dry full-strength toner content, excluding the weight of any dispersing 
agent, vehicle, or extender. Quantities for lakes are reported as dry lake content, excluding the weight of any 
dispersing agent or vehicle. 

Note. — The C.I. (Colo-ur Index) numbers shown in this report are the identifying number given in the third 
edition of the Colour Index. 

The abbreviation PMA and PTA stand for phosphomolybdic and phosphotungstic (including phosphotungstomolybdic) 
acids, respectively. 



V -- ORGANIC PIGMENTS 



93 



TABLE 1A.—U.S, sales of selected dry full-strength toners, dry extended toners, dry 

DISPERSIONS, AQUEOUS DISPERSIONS, AND FLUSHED COLORS, 1981 

[Listed below are supplemental sales data, by commerlcal forms, of selected pigments that have been reported in 
table 1] 



SELECTED PIGMENTS BY COMMERCIAL FORMS 



QUANTITY 


VALUE 


UNIT 
VALUE 2 


1,000 

pounds 

dry basis 3 


1,000 : 
dollars : 


Per 
pound 


8,806 


39,181 


$4.45 


2,936 
4,200 
1,670 


12,569 

19,456 

7,156 


4.28 
4.63 
4.29 


2,975 


14,504 


4.88 


1,883 

1,051 

41 


9,423 

4,867 

214 


5.00 
4.63 
5.26 


1,026 


5,921 


5.77 


669 

62 

295 


3,822 

381 

1,718 


5.72 
6.19 
5.82 


1,316 


8,723 


6.63 


1,091 

44 

104 

77 


7,271 
362 
567 
523 


6.66 
8.18 
5.43 
6.81 


5,247 


18,797 


3.58 


239 


934 


3.91 


5,008 


17,863 


3.57 


3,573 


17,109 


4.79 


138 
2,412 
1,023 


577 
11,698 

4,834 


4.19 
4-85 
4.73 


4,550 


28,524 


6.27 


380 
2,984 
1,186 


2,148 

18,251 

8,12 5 


5.65 
6.12 
6.85 


795 


: 8,052 


10.12 


597 


: 6,108 


: 10.23 


198 


: 1,944 


: 9.79 


690 


: 7,581 


: 10.99 


420 

43 

227 


4,642 
: 423 
: 2,516 


11.03 
: 9.84 
: 11.12 



Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Flushed color 

Dry extended toner and aqueous dispersions 

Pigment Yellow 14, C.I. 21 095, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Aqueous dispersions 

Dry extended toner, dry dispersions, and flushed color 

Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Aqueous dispersions 

Dry extended toner and flushed color 

Pigment Red 48:2, calcium toner, C.I. 15 865, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Aqueous dispersions'* 

Flushed color 

Dry extended toner and dry dispersions 

Pigment Red 49:1, barium toner, C.I. 15 630, total 

Flushed color 

Dry full-strength toner, dry extended toner, dry dispersions, and 
aqueous dispersions 5 

Pigment Red 53:1, barium toner, C.I. 15 585, total 

Aqueous dispersions 

Flushed color 

Dry full-strength toner and dry dispersions 

Pigment Red 57:1, calcium toner, C.I. 15 850, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Flushed color 

Dry extended toner and aqueous dispersions 

Pigment Blue 15:1, alpha form, C.I. 74 160, total 

Dry full -strength toner 

Dry extended toner, dry dispersions, aqueous dispersions and 

flushed color 

Pigment Blue 15:2, alpha form, C.I. 74 160, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Aqueous dispersions 

Dry extended toner and flushed color 



See footnotes at end of table 



94 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



TABLE 1A. — U.S. sales of selected dry full-strength toners, dry extended toners, dry 

DISPERSIONS, AQUEOUS DISPERSIONS, AND FLUSHED COLORS, 1981— CONTINUED 



SELECTED PIGMENTS BY COMMERCIAL FORM 



UNIT 
VALUE 2 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis 1 



1,000 
dollars 



Pigment Blue 15:3, beta form, C.I. 74 160, total- 
Aqueous dispersions 

Flushed color 

Dry extended toner and dry dispersions 



Pigment Green 7, C.I. 74 260, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Aqueous dispersions 

Flushed color 

Dry extended toner and dry dispersions 



1,459 

4,813 

918 

2,348 



8.543 

30,126 

6,635 

21,801 



1,171 
778 
296 

103 



11,486 
6,463 
2,628 
1,224 



Per 

pound 



$6.30 



5.86 
6.26 
7.23 



9.81 
8.31 



11.95 



'Sales quantities and values are identical in tables 1 and 1A. 
Calculated from unrounded figures. 

Quantity of the various commercial forms is given in terms of dry full-strength toner content. 
Includes presscake. 

Separate data on these commercial forms may not be published without revealing the operations of individual 
companies. 

Note. — The C.I. {Colour Index) numbers shown in this report are the identifying numbers given in the third 
edition of the Colour Index. 

The abbreviations PMA and PTA stand for phosphomolybdic and phosphotungstic (including phosphotungstomolybdic) 
acids respectively. 



V -- ORGANIC PIGMENTS 



95 



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SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 
TABLE 3, --Organic pigments: Directory of manufacturers, 1981 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of organic pigments to the U.S. International Trade 
Commission for 1981 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used In table 2] 



CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY : 


: CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY 




ACT 


American Cyanamid Co. : 


: KCW 


Keystone Color Works, Inc. 




ALE 


Alex Chemical Co. : 


: KON 


H. Kohnstamm & Co., Inc. 




ALG 


Allegheny Chemical Corp. : 








AMS 


Ridgway Color Co. : 


: LVR 


C. Lever Co., Inc. 




APO 


Apollo Colors, Inc. : 


: MGR 


Magruder Color Co., Inc. 




BAS 


BASF Wyandotte Corp., Pigments Div. : 


: MRX 


Max Marx Color & Chemical Co. 




BNS 


Binney and Smith, Inc. : 








BOR 


Borden, Inc., Printing Ink Div., Pigments Div. : 


: POP 


Pope Chemical Corp. 




BUC 


Synalloy Corp., Blackman Uhler Chemical Div. : 


: ROM 


Roma Chemical, Inc. 




CGY 


Ciba-Geigy Corp. : 








CIK 


Flint Ink Corp., Cal/Ink Div. : 


: SDH 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Hilton Davis Chemical 


Co. 


CUS 


Customs Pigments Corp. : 


: SNA 


Div. 
Sun Chemical Corp. 




DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. : 


: SW 


Sherwin-Williams Co. 




GLX 


Galaxie Chemical Corp. : 


: TMS 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Thomasset Colors Div. 




HRC 


Mobay Chemical Corp., Dyes & Pigments Div., : 


: UHL 


Paul Uhlich & Co., Inc. 






Pigments Dept . : 


: USM 


Crown Metro, Inc. 




HSH 


Harshaw Chemical Co. : 








HST 


American Hoechst Corp., Industrial Chemicals : 
Div. : 


: VPC 


Mobay Chemical Corp., Dyestuff Div. 




ICC 


Inmont Corp. Div. of United Technology Corp. : 








IDC 


Industrial Color, Inc. : 








IND 


Indol Color Co., Inc. : 








IPP 


International Pigment & Processing Corp. : 









Note. — Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in table 1 of 
the appendix. The above codes identify those of the 36 reporting companies and company divisions for which 
permission to publish was not restricted. 



SECTION VI -- MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 101 



STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 



Tedford C. Briggs 

Medicinal chemicals include the medicinal and feed grades of all organic 
chemicals having therapeutic value, whether obtained by chemical synthesis, 
by fermentation, by extraction from naturally occurring plant or animal sub- 
stances, or by refining a technical grade product. They include antibiotics 
and other anti- infective agents, antihistamines, autonomic drugs, cardio- 
vascular agents, central nervous system depressants and stimulants, hormones 
and synthetic substitutes, vitamins, and other therapeutic agents for human 
or veterinary use and for animal feed supplements. 

The tables shows statistics for production and sales of medicinal chem- 
icals grouped by pharmacological class. The statistics shown are for bulk 
chemicals only. Finished pharmaceutical preparations and products put up in 
pills, capsules, tablets, or other measured doses are excluded. 1 The dif- 
ference between production and sales reflects inventory changes, processing 
losses, and captive consumption of medicinal chemicals processed into ethical 
and proprietary pharmaceutical products by the primary manufacturer. In some 
instances, the difference may also include quantities for medicinal grade 
products used as intermediates, for example, penicillin G salts used as inter- 
mediates in the manufacture of semisynthetic pencillins. All quantities are 
given in terms of 100-percent content of the pure bulk drug. 

Total U.S. production of bulk medicinal chemicals in 1981 amounted to 244.^ 
million pounds. Total sales of bulk medicinal chemicals in 1981 amounted to 
153.4 million pounds, valued at $1,198.7 million. Beginning in 1980, meth- 
ionine and other amino acids and their salts are reported in the section on 
Miscellaneous End-Use Chemicals and Chemical Products. Section totals are 
not, therefore, comparable with those of previous years. 

Production of the larger groups of medicinal chemicals in 1981 was as 
follows: Antibiotics, 30.6 million pounds, 24.3 percent more than in 1980; 
anti- infective agents other than antibiotics 31.8 million pounds, 9.5 percent 
more than in 1980; central nervous system depressants and stimulants, 58.2 
million pounds, 3.0 percent less than in 1980; and vitamins, 43.1 million 
pounds, 1.3 percent more. 



Complementary statistics on the dollar value of manufacturers' shipments of 
finished pharmaceutical preparations, except biologicals, are published annually 
by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, in Current Industrial 
Reports, Series MA-28G. Many pharmaceutical manufacturers that report to the 
Bureau of the Census are excluded from the U.S. International Trade Commission 
report because they are not primary producers of medicinal chemicals, that is, 
they do not themselves produce the bulk drugs which go into their pharmaceutical 
products, but purchase their drug requirements from domestic or foreign pro- 
ducers. 



102 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



Production of some of the more important individual products listed in 
the table was as follows: Choline chloride, 58.9 million pounds, 7.2 per- 
cent less than in 1980; aspirin, 29.7 million pounds, 12.1 percent less; acet- 
aminophen, 20.2 million pounds, 17.0 percent more; penicillins (except semi- 
synthetic), 7.4 million pounds, 13.0 percent more; vitamin E, 10.2 million 
pounds, 40.4 percent more; and tetracyclines, 6.8 million pounds, 4.3 percent 



VI -- MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



103 



TABLE 1.— Medicinal chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1981 

[Listed below are all synthetic organic medicinal chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales 
may be published. (Leaders (...) are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be 
published or where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists all medicinal chemicals for which data on production 
and/or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 2 



Grand total 

Acyclic 

Benzenoid 3 

Cyclic nonbenzenoid 

Antibiotics, total 

Cephalosporins 

Penicillins, semisynthetic, total 

Amoxicillin 

Ample ill in 

All other (semisynthetic) 

Penicillins (except semisynthetic), total 

Penicillin G, Potassium, for medicinal use 

All other for all uses 

Tetracyclines, for all uses 

Other antibiotics, total 

For medicinal use 

For nonmedicinal uses 

Antihistamines, total 

Antinausseants 

Brompheniramine maleate 

All other 

Anti- infective agents (except antibiotics), total- 

Anthelmintics, total 

Piperaine dihyrdochloride 

All other 

Antiprotozoan agents, total 

Arsenic and bismuth compounds 

All other 8 

Sulfonamides, total 9 

Sulfamethazine 

All other ' ° 

Urinary antiseptics 

Other anti- infective agents 11 

Autonomic drugs, total 

Sympathomimetic (adrenergic) agents, total 

Phenylpropanolamine hydrochloride 

All other 

Other autonomic drugs 

Central depressants and stimulants, total 

Analgesics, antipyretics, and nonhormonal anti- 
inflammatory agents, total 

Acetaminophen 

Aspirin 

All other 1 2 

Anticonvulsants, hypnotics, and sedatives 

Antidepressants 

Antitussives, total 

Codeine 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 

244,682 



64,422 

125,285 

54,975 

30,605 



1,106 
2,261 

542 
1,210 

509 
7,362 
3,038 
4,324 
6,846 
13,030 
4,284 
8,746 

356 



49 

25 

282 

31,779 



13,460 

731 

12,729 

9,831 

9,831 
3,885 

986 
2,899 

223 
4,380 

1,109 



1.036 

566 

470 

73 

58,180 



51,143 

20,173 

29,656 

1,314 

1,307 

142 

350 

139 

211 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



53,226 
76,242 
23,962 

9,729 



415 
1.56P 

1,569 
4,101 
3,644 
2,084 
1,560 

181 



28 

28 

125 

9,470 



3,176 

715 

2,461 

2,024 

1,877 

147 

736 

736 

3,534 

706 



696 
353 

343 



48.149 



44,111 



44,111 
338 
21 
330 
136 
194 



54,292 
705,226 
439,174 



27,799 
21,652 

21,652 

92,071 

271,356 

241,837 

29,519 

8,237 



1,095 
1,579 
5,563 

51,133 



5.325 
1,101 
4,224 
13,117 
9,793 
3,324 
9,970 

9,970 

22,721 

15,101 



13.959 

3,418 

10,541 

1,142 

216,480 



113,013 



113,013 

5,610 

2,054 

72,575 

50,743 

21,830 



Per 

pound 



1.02 

9.25 

18.33 



66.99 

ia, «o 

13.80 
22.45 
74.47 
116.04 
18.92 

45.51 



39.11 
56.39 

44.50 



1.54 
1.72 
6.48 
5.22 
22.61 
13.55 

13.55 

6.43 

21.39 



20.06 

9.68 

30.73 

114.20 

4.50 



2.56 

16.60 

97.81 

219.92 

373.13 

112.53 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1(W 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



TABLE 1.— Medicinal chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1981— Continued 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



PRODUCTION 1 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 2 



Central depressants and stimulants—Continued 

Tranquilizers , total 

Phenothiazine derivatives 

All other 

Other central depressants and stimulants 

Dermatological agents 

Expectorants and mucolytic agents 

Gastrointestinal agents and therapeutic nutrients 

total ' " 

Choline chloride, all grades 

All other 

Hematological agents 

Hormones and synthetic substitutes, total 

Synthetic hypoglycemic agents 

All other 1 5 

Local anesthetics 

Renal-acting and edema-reducing agents 

Smooth muscle relaxants 16 

Vitamins, total 

Vitamin E 

All other vitamins 1 ' 

Miscellaneous medicinal chemicals 18 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



Per 
pound 



61 

319 

4,858 

5,305 

1,570 



3,349 
5,259 
1,305 

50,626 



23,228 
6,044 
8,965 

39,270 



$6.93 
1.15 
6.88 

.78 



58,946 
3,551 



48,515 
2,111 



29,368 
9,902 



121,217 



.61 
4.69 



813.54 



737 
178 

80 

1,337 

261 

43^125 



149 
49 
187 



121,217 
1,326 
7,541 

256.032 



813.54 
27.06 
40.33 



10,188 
32,937 



7,465 



5,480 
20,782 



1,358 



93,465 
162,567 



54,468 



17.06 
7.82 



40.11 



1 The data on production and sales are for bulk medicinal chemicals only. Methionine and other amino acids and 
their salts are now reported in the section on Miscellaneous End-Use Chemicals and Chemical Products. Section 
totals are not, therefore, comparable with years prior to 1980. 
Calculated from rounded figures. 

3 Benzenoid, as used in this report, describes any cyclic medicinal chemical whose molecule contains either a 
6-membered carbocyclic ring with conjugated double bonds or a 6-membered heterocyclic ring with 1 or 2 hetero 
atom and conjugated double bonds, except the pyrimidine ring. 
''Includes antibiotics of unknown structure. 

^Includes sales quantity and value of amoxicillin and ampicillin. 
6 Includes sales quantity and value of penicillin G, potassium. 

'includes production and sales of antifungal and antituberculer antibiotics; and sales quantity and value of 
cephalosporins. 

"Includes production of arsenic and bismuth compounds. 

9 Does not include production of sulfaguanidine used as an intermediate in the production of anti-infective 
sulfonamides. 
1 "includes sales quantity and value of sulfamethazine. 

Includes sales quantity and value of urinary antiseptics. 
1 Includes sales quantity and value of acetaminophen and aspirin. 

'^Includes sales quantity and value of tranquilizers. Also includes production and sales of amphetamines, gen- 
eral anesthetics, respiratory and cerebral stimulants, and skeletal muscle relaxants. 

'''Methionine and its salts are now reported in the section on Miscellaneous End-Use Chemicals and Chemical Pro- 
ducts under amino acids. 
l5 Includes sales quantity and value of synthetic hypoglycemic agents. 
""Includes theophylline derivatives, 
''includes production and sales of vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin D, and vitamin K. 
i8 Includes production and sales of antineoplastic agents, cardiovascular agents, diagnostic agents, and un- 
classified medicinal chemicals. Also, includes sales quantity and value of hematological agents and smooth 
muscle relaxants. 



VI - MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



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106 



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116 



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VI -- MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



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SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



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VI -- MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



121 



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122 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 

TABLE 3.— Medicinal chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1981 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of medicinal chemicals to the U.S. International Trade 
Commission for 1981 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY : 


: CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY 


ABB 


Abbott Laboratories : 


: MAL 


Mallinckrodt , Inc. 


ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. : 


: MON 


Monsanto Co. 


ADC 


Anderson Development Co. : 


: MRK 


Merck & Co. , Inc. 


ARA 


Arapahoe Chemicals, Inc., Sub/Syntex U.S.A., : 








Inc. : 


: NEP 


Nepera Chemical Co., Inc. 


ARN 


Arenol Chemical Corp. : 


: NOR 


Morton-Norwich Products, Inc., Norwich Eaton 


ARP 


Armour Pharmaceutical Co. : 




Pharmaceutical Div. 


ARS 


Arsyno, Inc. : 


: NUT 


Nutruis, Inc. 


BAS 


BASF Wyandotte Corp. : 


: OMS 


E.R. Squibb & Sons, Inc. 


BAX 


Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc. : 


: OPC 


Orbis Products Corp. 


BEE 


Beecham, Inc., Beecham Laboratories Div. : 


: ORG 


Organics, Inc./LaGrange Laboratories. Inc. 


BJL 


Burdick & Jackson Laboratories, Inc. : 


: ORT 


Roehr Chemicals, Inc. 


BKC 


J.T. Baker Chemical Co. : 






BKL 


Millmaster Onyx Group, Millmaster Chemical : 


: PCL 


Polychemical Laboratories, Inc. 




Co. Div. : 


: PD 


Warner-Lambert Co. 


BOC 


Biocraft Laboratories, Inc. : 


: PEN 


CPC International, Inc., Penick Corp. 


BRS 


Bristol-Myers Co. : 


: PFN 


Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc. 


BUR 


Burroughs-Wellcome Co. : 


: PFZ 


Pfizer, Inc. & Pfizer Pharmaceuticals, 

Inc. 
Pharmachem Corp. 


CGY 


Ciba-Geigy Corp. : 


: PHR 


CHT 


Chattem Corp. : 






CPR 


Certified Processing Corp. : 


: REG 


Regis Chemical Co. 






: RDA 


Rhone-Poulenc , Inc. 


DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. : 


: RIK 


Riker Laboratories, Inc., Sub. of 3M Co. 


DAT 


Daitom, Inc. : 


: RIL 


Reilly Tar & Chemical Corp. 


DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. : 


: RLS 


Rachelle Laboratories, Inc. 


DPW 


Deepwater Chemical Co., Ltd. : 


: RSA 


R.S.A. Corp. 


EK 


Eastman Kodak Co.: : 


: SAL 


Salsbury Laboratories, Inc. 


EKT 


Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. : 


: SCH 


Schering Corp. 


EN 


Endo Laboratories, Inc. : 


: SCP 


Henkel Corp. 
Sterling Drug Corp. : 


FLM 


Fleming Laboratories, Inc. : 


: SDH 


Hilton Davis Chemical Co. Div. 






: SDW 


Sterling Organics Div. 


GAP 


GAF Corp. : 


: SFS 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Specialty Div. 


GAN 


Gane's Chemicals, Inc. ' 


: SHC 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 


GNF 


General Foods Corp., Maxwell House Coffee : 


: SK 


SmithKline Beckman Corp., SmithKline Chemical 




Div. : 




Div. 






: SKG 


Sunkist Growers, Inc. 


HET 


Heterochemical Corp. : 


: SPR 


Scientific Protein Laboratories, Inc. 


HEX 


Hexagon Laboratories, Inc. : 


: SRL 


G.D. Searle & Co., Searle Chemicals, Inc. 


HFT 


Syntex Agribusiness, Inc. t 






HN 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc. : 


: TMH 


Thompson-Hayward Chemical Co. 


HOF 


Hoffmann-LaRoche , Inc. : 


: TRD 


Squibb Manufacturing, Inc., Renesa, Inc., 


HXL 


Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Chemical Products : 




Ersana, Inc. 


HYN 


Hynson, Westcott & Dunning, Inc. : 


: TX 


Texaco Chemical Co. 


IMC 


International Minerals & Chemical Corp. : 


: UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 






: UPJ 


Upjohn Co. 


KPT 


Koppers Co., Inc. • 










: VTM 


Vitamins, Inc. 


LEM 


Napp Chemicals, Inc. ' 






LIL 


Eli Lilly & Co., U.S. and Puerto Rico : 


: WAG 


West Agro-Chemical, Inc. 


LKL 


Merrell Dow Pharmaceutical, Inc. : 


: WHL 


Whitmoyer Laboratories, Inc. 


LLI 


Lee Laboratories, Inc. : 


: WTL 


Pennwalt Corp., Lucidol Div. 






: WYT 


Wyeth Laboratories, Inc., Wyeth Laboratories 
Div. of American Home Products Corp. 



Note. — Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed In table 1 of 

the appendix. 



SECTION VII -- FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 123 



STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 
Eric Land 



Flavor and perfume materials are organic chemicals used to impart flavors 
and aromas to foods, beverages, cosmetics, and soaps. These aroma chemicals 
are also utilized to neutralize or mask unpleasant odors in industrial pro- 
cesses and products as well as in consumer products. 

Total domestic production of flavor and perfume materials in 1981 amounted 
to 164.6 million pounds. Sales of these materials in 1981 amounted to 118.6 
million pounds, valued at $251.6 million, compared with 129.0 million pounds, 
valued at $253.5 million, in 1980. These totals do not include benzyl alcohol, 
which, before 1973, was included in flavor and perfume materials but is now 
shown in the miscellaneous cyclic section of this series. U.S. production of 
flavor and perfume materials in 1981 declined by 5.8 percent from the level in 
1980 while the quantity of sales decreased by 8.1 percent. 

Production of cyclic flavor and perfume materials in 1981 amounted to 93.1 
million pounds; sales amounted to 68.7 million pounds, valued at $157.7 million. 
Individual publishable chemicals in the cyclic group produced in the greatest 
volume in 1981 were a-terpineol, anethole, and benzyl acetate. 

U.S. output of acyclic flavor and perfume materials in 1981 amounted to 
71.4 million pounds; sales of these materials amounted to 49.9 million pounds, 
valued at $93.9 million. Monosodium glutamate was by far the most important of 
the acyclic chemicals in 1981, although the data are not publishable. Other 
important acyclic compounds included linalyl alcohol, citronellol, and linalyl 
acetate. 



VII -- FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 125 

TABLE 1.— Flavor and perfume materials: U.S. production and sales, 1981 

[Listed below are all synthetic organic flavor and perfume materials for which any reported data on production 
or sales may be published. (Leaders (...) are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and 
may not be published or where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists separately all flavor and perfume mat- 
erials for which data on production and/or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 



PRODUCTION 



QUANTITY 



1,000 
pounds 



Grand total 

CYCLIC 

Total 

Benzenoid and Naphthalenoid 

Total 

4-Allyl-2-methoxyphenol (Eugenol) 

Benzyl acetate 

Benzyl propionate 

Cinnamyl acetate 

Isobutyl phenylacetate 

p-Methylanisole 

2-Phenethyl phenylacetate 

p-Propenylanisole (Ane thole) 

All other benzenoid and naphthalenoid materials — 

Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and Alicyclic 

Total 

Cedryl acetate 

Dihydronordicyclopentadienyl acetate 

Ionones 

dl-Menthol, synthetic 

Methylionine (a- and 8-) 

a-Terpineol 

a-Terpinyl acetate 

Vetivenyl acetate 

All other terpenoid, heterocyclic, and alicyclic 
materials 

ACYCLIC 

Total 

Allyl heptanoate 

Allyl hexanoate 

Butyl butyryl lactate 

Citronellyl acetate 

Citronellyl formate 

Citronellyl isobutyrate 

3,7-Dimethyl-cis-2,6-octadien-l-ol (Nenol) 

3,7-Dimethyl-cis-2,6-octadien-l-ol acetate (Neryl 

acetate) 

3,7-Dimethyl-l,6-octadien-3-ol (Linalool; linalyl 

alcohol) 

3,7-Dimethyl-l,6-octadien-3-ol acetate (Linalyl 

acetate) 

3,7-Dimethyl-6-octen-l-ol (Citronellol) 

Ethyl heptanoate 

Ethyl hexanoate (Ethyl caproate) 

See footnote at end of table. 



93,136 



77,190 



401 

1,134 

26 

12 

33 

63 

28 

2,455 

73,038 



15,946 



250 

168 
130 
659 
748 
3,426 
985 
38 

9,542 



71,427 



27 

2,605 

856 

2,399 

13 

18 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



251,595 



68,673 



109,962 



13 
23 
91 
14 
2,650 
54,870 



10.751 



145 
131 
106 
598 
584 
2,937 



6,250 



49,879 



59 
50 
44 
13 
5 
287 



1,753 



93 

69 

218 

87 

6,365 

102,141 



47,746 



611 

211 

961 

1,748 

4,709 

2,330 



37,176 



93,887 



28 

227 
259 
249 
126 
43 
424 



7,115 
27 



126 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



TABLE 1. --Flavor and perfume materials: U.S. production and sales, 1981— Continued 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 



PRODUCTION 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



ACYCLIC— Continued 

Ethyl myristate 

Geranyl acetate 

Geranyl formate 

Isopentyl butyrate 

Isopentyl isovalerate 

N-Octyl acetate 

Rhodinol 

Undecanol 

All other acyclic materials 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
do I lars 



9 
193 

19 
99 



65,035 



146 
18 
89 
14 



684 

120 

169 

60 

6 



84,197 



Per 

pound 



$ 4.69 
6.83 
1.91 
4.24 
5.88 



'Calculated from the unrounded figures. 



VII -- FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 



127 



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138 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 

TABLE 3.— Flavor and perfume materials: Directory of manufacturers, 1981 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of flavor and perfume materials to the U.S. Inter- 
national Trade Commission for 1981 are listed below in the order of their Identification codes as used in table 2] 



NAME OF COMPANY 



NAME OF COMPANY 



ABB 
AIC 
ALD 
AMB 
ARS 
ARZ 

BDS 

BJL 



CIN 
CWN 



FB 

FEL 

FMT 

GIV 

HAR 
HN 
HOF 
HPC 



Abbott Laboratories 
Albany International Corp. 
Aldrich Chemical Co., Inc. 
American Bio-Synthetics Corp. 
Arsynco, Inc. 
Arizona Chemical Co. 

Biddle Sawyer 

Burdick & Jackson Laboratories, Inc. 

Chem-Fleur, Inc. 

Stockhausen, Inc. 

Upjohn Co., Fine Chemical Div. 

Elan Chemical Co. 

Fritzsche Dodge & Olcott, Inc. 
Felton International, Inc. 
Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc. 

Givaudan Corp. 

Haarmannn 4 Reimer Corp. 
Tenneco Chemicals, Inc. 
Hoffmann-LaRoche, Inc. 
Hercules, Inc. 



PD 

PFW 

PFZ 

RDA 
RSA 

RT 

SBC 
SCM 
SFF 
SKG 



International Flavors & Fragrances, Inc. 

Monsanto Co. 

Union Camp Corp., Terpene and Aromatics Div. 
Northwestern Chemical Co. 

Orbis Products Group 

Warner-Lambert Co. 
Hercules, Inc., PFW Div. 
Pfizer, Inc. 

Rhone-Poulenc, Inc. 

R.S.A. Corp. 

Ritter International 

Scher Chemicals, Inc. 

SCM Corp., Organic Chemicals Div. 

Stauffer Chemical Co., Food Ingredients Div. 

Sunkist Growers, Inc. 

Sherwin-Williams Co. 

Ungerer & Co. 

Viking Chemical Co. 



Note. — Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in table 1 of 
the appendix. The above codes identify those of the 34 reporting companies and company divisions for which 
permission to publish was not restricted. 



SECTION VIII -- PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 139 

STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 

Edward J. Taylor 

Plastics and resin materials are high molecular weight polymers which, 
at some stage in their manufacture, exist in such physical condition that 
they can be shaped or otherwise processed by the application of heat and 
pressure. The terms "plastics," "resin," and "polymers," can be (and often 
are) used interchangeably by the trade. Depending on the chemical composi- 
tion, manufacturing process or intended use, the commercial products may con- 
tain plasticizers, fillers, extenders, stabilizers, coloring agents, or other 
additives. There are about 40 to 50 basic plastics and resins which are 
available commercially. These basic materials are available in literally 
thousands of individual compounds each with its distinct properties depending 
on the molecular weight of the resin and the types and amounts of the additives 
present. Plastics materials may be molded, cast, or extruded into semifin- 
ished or finished solid forms. Resin materials may be in the form of solutions, 
pastes, or emulsions for applications such as protective coatings, adhesives, or 
paper and textile treatment. 

Statistics on U.S. production and sales of synthetic plastics and resin 
materials for 1981 are given in table 1. U.S. production of plastics and 
resin materials in 1981 totaled 40,601 million pounds, or 6.3 percent more than 
the 38,186 million pounds produced in 1980. Sales in 1981 totaled 36,107 mil- 
lion pounds, valued at $17,092 million, compared with 33,550 million pounds, 
valued at $16,011 million, in 1980. 

Thermosetting materials are those which harden with a change in composi- 
tion in the final treatment so that in their final state as finished articles 
they are substantially infusible and insoluble, that is, they cannot again be 
softened by heat or solvents. U.S. production of thermosetting materials totaled 
7,295 million pounds in 1981, compared with 7,064 million pounds in 1980. Pro- 
duction of the most important products in 1981 included phenolic resins (1,688 
million pounds), amino (or urea and melamine) resins (1,495 million pounds), 
polyester resins, unsaturated (1,132 million pounds), and alkyd resins (717 mil- 
lion pounds) . 

Thermoplastic materials are those which in their final state as finished 
articles can be repeatedly softened by heat and hardened by a decrease in tem- 
perature. U.S. production of thermoplastic materials totaled 33,306 million 
pounds in 1981 (or 82.0 percent of the total output for 1981), compared with 
31,122 million pounds in 1980. Production of the most important products in 
1981 included polyethylene (12,604 million pounds), vinyl resins (6,962 mil- 
lion pounds), and styrene type materials (5,915 million pounds). 



VIII -- PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 



141 



TABLE 1.— Plastics and resin materials: U.S. production and sales, 1981 

[Quantities and values are given in terms of the total weight of the materials (dry basis) . Listed below are 
all plastics and resin materials, urethane type elastomers, and certain precursors for which any reported 
data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders (...) are used where the reported data are accepted 
in confidence and may not be published or where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists all products for 
which data on production and/or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 



PRODUCTION 



SALES 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



Grand total 

Plastics and resin materials, benzenoid 3 

Plastics and resin materials, nonbenzenoid 

THERMOSETTING RESINS 

Total 

Alkyd resins, total 

Alkyd-acrylate copolymer resins 

Phthalic anhydride type 

Polybasic acid type 

Styrenated-alkyds or copolymer alkyds 

Vinyl toluene alkyds 

Other copolymer alkyds 

Dicyandiamide resins 

Epoxy resins: > 5 

Unmodified 

Advanced 

Furfuryl type resins 

Glyoxal- formaldehyde resins 

Melamine-formaldehyde resins (an amino resin) 

Phenolic and other tar acid resins 

Polyester resins, unsaturated 6 

Polyether and polyester polyols for urethanes 7 

Polyurethane elastomers and plastics products, total- 
Elastomers 8 

Plastics 

Silicone resins 

Urea-formaldehyde resins (an amino resin) 

Other thermosetting resins 9 

THERMOPLASTIC RESINS 

Total 

Acrylic resins, total 10 

Butylacrylate-ethyl acrylate copolymers resins 

Polymethyl methacrylate 

Thermosetting acrylics 

Other acrylics 

Engineering plastics' ' 

Fluorocarbon resins 

Petroleum hydrocarbon resins 

Polyamide resins, total 

Nylon type 11 , 12 

Non-nylon type 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis 2 

40,601,020 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis' 

36,106,551 



1,000 
do I lars 



17,092,269 



11,729,680 
28,871,340 



7,295,480 



10,470,900 
25,635,651 



5,775,068 



6,836,908 
10,255,361 



717,018 



419,600 



1,523 
550,171 
74,488 
16,302 
39,135 
35,399 

2,068 

361,144 

(120,116) 

23,581 

12,424 

189,742 

1,687,954 

1,132,398 

1,457,089 

294,729 



272,759 



342,418 

26,147 

11,555 

32,080 

7,400 

1,872 

277,404 

(96,185) 

23,323 

7,708 

161,486 

1,302,193 

1,001,013 

1,122,692 

244,789 



141,667 
153,062 

17,328 

1,305,635 

94,370 



33,305,540 



120,223 
124,566 

8,264 

1,134,762 

69,962 



30,331,483 



212,302 
23,237 

9,027 
20,231 

7,962 

2,197 

326,555 
(128,020) 
16,858 
6,178 
130,368 
655,989 
664,837 
642,560 

311,860 



190,986 
120,874 

28,864 
250,007 
105,720 



1,100,445 



884,319 



828,227 



19,560 
433,194 

55,172 
592,519 

421,739 

34,870 

272,449 

339,219 



12,776 
317,676 

18,811 
535,056 

359,578 

31,488 

259,341 



9,452 

312,090 

24,197 

482,488 

558,887 
200,970 
125,679 



290,223 
48,996 



227,445 
46,711 



358,193 
49,040 



Per 
pound 



.65 
.40 



.78 
.63 



1.17 

1.18 
(1.33) 
.72 
.80 
.81 
.50 
.66 
.57 

1.27 



1.59 

.97 

3.49 

.22 

1.51 



.94 



.74 

.98 

1.29 

.90 

1.55 
6.38 

.48 



1.57 
1.05 



See footnotes at end of table. 



m 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



TABLE 1.— Plastics and resin materials: U.S. production and sales, 1981— Continued 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 



PRODUCTION 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



THERMOPLASTIC RESINS — Continued 



Polyester resins, saturated, total , 

Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) 

Polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) and other poly- 
esters , saturated 

Polyethylene resins, total 

Specific gravity 0.940 and below 

Specific gravity over 0.940 

Polypropylene resins 

Polyterpene resins 

Rosin modifications, total 

Modified rosins (unesterif ied) 

Modified rosin esters 

Rosin esters, unmodified (Ester gums) 

Styrene plastics materials, total 

Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene terpolymer (ABS) 
resins 

Rubber modified polystyrene 

Straight polystyrene 1 * 

Styrene-butadiene latexes 

All other styrene copolymers 

All other styrene latexes 

All other styrene plastics materials 15 

Vinyl resins, total 16 

Polyvinyl acetate 1 ' 

Polyvinyl alcohol 1 8 

Polyvinyl chloride and copolymers 

Polyvinylidene chloride latex resins 

Vinyl acetate-acrylate copolymers 

Other vinyl and vinylidene resins 19 

All other thermoplastic resins 20 1 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis 2 

730,039 



1,000 

pounds 

dry basis 2 



1,000 
dollars 



Per 

pound 



625,258 
104,781 



86,581 



$1.35 
0.32 



7,695,864 
4,907,786 



4,007,759 
35,919 



139,495 

106,080 

29,782 

5,915,177 



6,273,709 
6,005,369 

3,534,662 
35,485 

266,457 



2,416,044 
1,558,494 



1,335,607 
27,532 



131,411 



127,102 

102,936 

36,419 

5,369,358 



55,687 
53,234 
22,490 

3,037,706 



1,018,099 

1,178,987 

2,325,397 

585,478 

435,766 

66,782 

304,668 

6,962,135 



636,409 

5,618,365 

25,754 

253,109 

428,498 

606,782 



921,931 
1,238,667 
2,014,646 

570,296 

318,081 
63,815 

241,922 

6.144,620 



683,145 
566,216 
946,805 
342,132 
253,965 
35,502 
209,941 

2,173,868 



582,027 

133,250 

4,982,558 

25,052 

421,733 

806,360 



282,741 

122,618 

1,463,182 

18,945 

286,382 

759,018 



.94 



Calculated from unrounded figures. 

2 Dry weight basis unless otherwise specified. Dry weight basis is the total weight of the materials including 
resin and coloring agents, extenders, fillers, plasticizers, and other additives, but excluding water and other 
liquid diluents unless they are an integral part of the materials. 

Includes benzenoid plastics and resin materials as defined in part 1 of schedule 4 of the Tariff Schedules of 
the United States (TSUS); also includes urethane type elastomers which are not defined in part 1 of schedule 4 
of the TSUS. 

"includes reactive diluents which are an integral part of the resin. Excludes the weight of hardeners sold in 
association with the resin as part of a two-component system. 

'Data shown for advanced epoxy resins are that part of the unmodified epoxy resins which is further processed; 
therefore, the totals in parentheses are not included in the grand total. 

Polyester resins are unsaturated alkyd resins, later to be copolymerized with a monomer (such as styrene or 
methyl methacrylate) , and polyallyl resins (such as diallyl phthalate and diglycol carbonate) . Data are on an 
"as sold" basis, including monomer if part of the resin system. 

7 In addition to the polyols, the other principal starting materials used in the production of urethane products 
are the isocyanic acid derivatives, mainly the 80/20 mixture of toluene-2,4- and 2,6-diisocyanate. Statistics for 
the isocyanic acid derivatives are reported in the "Cyclic Intermediates" section of the Synthetic Organic Chem- 
icals report. 

"The data on urethane elastomers are believed to be not fully representative of the total urethane market in 
view of the very large number of urethane elastomer producers. 

Includes acetone-formaldehyde resins, alkyl resins, polybutadiene resins, thiourea resins, and certain other 
thermosetting resins. 
1 °Does not include production or sales for fiber use. 

1 'Engineering plastics: Includes acetal, polycarbonate, polyimide and amide-imide polymers, polyphenylene oxide, 
polyphenylene sulfide and polysulfone. Engineering plastics are define in Whittlngton's Dictionary of Plastics , 
as "All plastics, with or without fillers or reinforcements, which have mechanical, chemical and thermal properties 
suitable for use in construction, machine components and chemical processing equipment." The above list of plastics 
(all of which are thermoplastic) was selected from a larger group in this source. Certain other plastics named in 
Whittington's Dictionary as engineering plastics, such as ABS resins, acrylic resins, and nylon resins, are not in- 
cluded in the above list as they are published separately. 



VIII -- PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 143 

Footnotes --Continued 

12 Statistics for nylon 6 and nylon 6/6 which are used in plastic applications (e.g., molding, etc.) are in- 
cluded here. 

13 Statistics are included here for polyethylene terephthalate used in plastics applications (e.g., molding, 
etc.). Statistics also are included here for production only when the starting materials are converted dir- 
ectly to a finished product (i.e., "in-situ" production), polyester film and tape are examples of such a con- 
version. 

1 ''Includes expandable polystyrene beads (EPS). 

15 Includes data for styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer (SAN) resins, a-methyl styrene polymers, methyl meth- 
acrylate-butadiene-styrene (MBS) resins, styrene-divinylben^.ene copolymer resins, styrene-maleic anhydride 
copolymer resins, and styrene-methyl methacrylate copolymer resins. 

16 Data are on the basis of dry resin content, excluding the weight of plasticizers, extenders, fillers, col- 
oring agents, stabilizers, or impact modifiers, unless otherwise noted. 

1 'Data for polyvinyl acetate produced and sold in latex form includes the weight of any protective colloids 
which are used as emulsion stabilizers and form an integral part of the resin system. Production and sales 
do not include polyvinyl acetate used as a reactive intermediate for polyvinyl alcohol or other vinyl resins. 

1 Production and sales do not include polyvinyl alcohol used as a reactive intermediate for polyvinyl buty- 
ral or other vinyl resins. 

Includes polyvinyl alcohol production. 

2 "includes cellulose plastics, coumarone-indene resins, polybutylene type resins, polyethylene terephthalate 
(PET) resins (sales only), polyphenyl aromatic ester resins, and other thermoplastic materials. 

Note. — Data reported to the U.S. International Trade Commission do not necessarily coincide with that re- 
ported to the Society of the Plastics Industry (SPI) because of differences in both the reporting instructions 
and in the coverage of certain resins. 



m 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



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SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



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VIII -- PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 149 

TABLE 3.— Plastics and resin materials: Directory of manufacturers, 1981 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of plastics and resin materials to the U.S. Inter- 
national Trade Commission for 1981 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 
2] 



CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY : 


: CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY 


ABS 


Abex Corp., Friction Products Group : 


: CPX 


Chemplex Co. 




ACR 


CPC International, Inc., Acme Resin Corp. : 


: CRC 


California Resin & Chemical Co., Inc. 




ACO 


Adco Chemical Co. : 


: CSD 


Cosden Oil & Chemical Co. 




ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. : 


: CTP 


Continential Polymers, Inc. 




ADC 


Anderson Development Co. : 


: CTR 


Custom Resins Div. of Bemls Co., Inc. 




AEP 


A & E Plastik Pak Co., Inc., A & E Plastics : 


: CWN 


Upjohn Co., Fine Chemical Div. 




AFP 


Allied Corp., Fibers & Plastics Co. Dlv. : 


: CYR 


CYRO Industries, Inc. 




AMO 


Standard Oil Co. (Indiana) : 


: CXI 


Chemical Exchange Industries, Inc. 




AMR 


Pacific Resins & Chemical, Inc. : 








APH 


The Alpha Corp. : 


: DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. 




APT 


Whittaker Corp., Whittaker Coatings & : 


: DAN 


Dan River, Inc., Chemical Products Div. 






Chemicals, Mol Rez Resins : 


: DCC 


Dow Corning Corp. 




APX 


Apex Chemical Co., Inc. : 


: DEG 


Degan Oil & Chemical Co. 




ARA 


Araphoe Chemicals, Inc., Sub/Syntex U.S.A. , : 


: DGO 


Day-Glo Color Corp. 






Inc. ' 


: DNS 


Dennis Chemical Co. 




ARK 


Armstrong World Industries, Inc. : 


: DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. 




ARO 


Arnco : 


: DPP 


Dixie Pine Chemials, Inc. 




ARZ 


Arizona Chemical Co. : 


: DRB 


The Derby Co., Inc. 




ASH 


Ashland Oil, Inc. : 


: DRC 


Dock Resins Corp. 




ATR 


Atlantic Richfield Co., Arco Chemical Co. : 


: DSO 


DeSoto, Inc. 




AUX 


Auralux Corp. : 


: DUP 


E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. 




AZS 


AZS Corp.: : 










AZ Products Co. Div. : 


: ECC 


Eastern Color & Chemical Co. 






AZS Chemical Co. Div. : 


: EEP 
: EFH 


Eaton Corp., EEP Dlv. 
E.F. Houghton & Co. 




BAR 


Baker International - Magna Corp. : 


: EK 


Eastman Kodax Co.: 




BAL 


Dutch Boy, Inc., Consumers Group, Sherwin- : 


: EKT 


Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 






Williams Co. : 


: EKX 


Texas Eastman Co. Div. 




BAS 


BASF Wyandotte Corp. : 


: ELP 


El Paso Polyollfins Co. 




BCM 


Belding Cortecelli Industries : 


: EMR 


Emery Industries, Inc. 




BEN 


Bennett's ' 


: EN! 


Exxon Chemical Co. Americas 




BFG 


B.F. Goodrich Co., B.F. Goodrich Chemical : 


: EPI 


Eagle Pitcher Industries, Inc., Ohio Rubber 




Group ! 




Co. Div. 




BLC 


Ball Chemical Co. : 


: EW 


Westlnghouse Electric Corp., Insulating 




BLS 


Life Savers, Inc. ! 




Materials Div. 




BHE 


Bendix Corp., FM Div. : 








BOR 


Borden Co., Borden Chemical Co. Div. : 


: FAR 


Syncon Resins, Inc. 




BRU 


M.A. Bruder & Sons, Inc. : 


: FCD 


Synres Chemical Corp. 




BSC 


Brand-S Corp. : 


: FJI 
: FLH 


Foy-Johnson, Inc. 
H.B. Fuller Co. 




CBD 


Chembond Corp. : 


: FLN 


Franklin Chemical Industries 




CBM 


Kennecott Corp. • 


: FMP 


FMC Corp., Industrial Chemical Div. 




CBN 


Cities Service Co., Petrochemical Div. : 


: FOC 


Handschy Industries, Inc., Farac Oil & 




CBY 


Crosby Chemicals, Inc. '• 




Chemical Co. Div. 




CCS 


Colorado Chemical Specialties, Inc. : 


: FOM 


Formica Corp., Sub. of American Cyanamid 


Co. 


CEL 


Celanese Corp., Celanese Plastics & : 


FRE 


Freeman Chemical Corp. 






Specialties Co. '• 


: FRF 


Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., Firestone 




CGL 


Cargill, Inc. : 




Fibers & Textile Co. 




CGY 


Ciba-Geigy Corp., Resins Dept. : 


: FRP 


FRP Company 




CMC 


Carpenter Chemical Co. : 








CHP 


C.H. Patrick & Co . , Inc. : 


: GAF 


GAF Corp. 




CJO 


C. J. Osborn Chemicals, Inc. : 


: GE 


General Electric Co.: 




CLK 


Clark Oil & Refining Corp. : 


: GEI 


Laminated & Insulting Materials Business 


CLU 


Core-Lube, Inc. '• 




Dept . 




CMP 


Commercial Products Co., Inc. 


: GLC 


General Latex & Chemical Corp. 




CNI 


Frye Copy systems, Conap Div. 


: GNT 


General Tire & Rubber Co., Chemical Div. 




CNT 


Certainteed Corp. : 


: GOC 


Gulf Oil Corp., Gulf Oil Chemicals Co.-U 


S. 


CO 


Conoco, Inc. : 


: GOR 


Carl Gordon Industries, Inc. 




COO 


The Terrell Corp. : 


: GP 


Georgia-Pacific Corp.: 




CPV 


Cook Paint & Varnish Co. : 




: Plaquemine Div. 

Resins Operations 





150 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 

TABLE 3.— Plastics and resin materials: Directory of manufacturers, 1981— Continued 



CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY : 


: CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY 


GRA 


Great American Chemical Corp. : 


: OBC 


O'Brien Corp. 


GRD 


W.R. Grace & Co., Polymers & Chemicals Div. : 


: OCF 


Owens-Corning Fiberglas Corp. 


GRG 


P.D. George Co. : 


: OMC 


Olin Corp. 


GRV 


Guardsman Chemicals, Inc. '• 






GYR 


Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. : 


: PAC 


Pacific Anchor Chemical Corp. 






: PAI 


Polymer Applications, Inc. 


HAN 


Hanna Chemical Coating Corp. : 


PAS 


Pennwalt Corp. 


HER 


Heresite-Saekaphen, Inc. : 


: PC 


Proctor Chemical Co. 


HGC 


Huntsman Goodsons Chemical Corp. : 


: PDI 


Phelps Dodge Industries, Inc., Phelps Dodge 




Hooker Chemicals Corp.: : 




Magnet Wire Co. Div. 




Hooker Chemicals & Plastics Corp.: : 


: PEL 


Pelron Corp. 


HKD 


Durez Div. : 


: PER 


Perry & Derrick Co., Inc. 


HKP 


PVC Div. : 


: PKL 


Plaskolite, Inc. 


HN 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc. s 


: PKP 


Plaskon Products, Inc. 


HNC 


H & N Chemical Co. : 


: PLC 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 


HPC 


Hercules, Inc. : 


: PLN 


Disogrln Industries Corp. 


HST 


American Hoechst Corp., Petrochemical Div. : 


: PLR 


Polysar, Inc.: 


HVG 


Araetek, Inc., Haveg Div. : 




Latex Div. 


HXL 


Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Products : 




Polysar Latex Div. 


HYC 


Dexter Corp., Hysol Div. : 


: PLS 


Plastics Engineering Co. 






: PMC 


Plastics Manufacturing Co. 


ICF 


Inmont Corp. : 


: PNT 


Pantasote, Inc., Film/Compound Div. 


ICI 


ICI Americas, Inc. and Chemical Specialties : 


: PPG 


PPG Industries, Inc. 




Co. : 


: PPL 


Pioneer Plastics Div. of LOF Plastics, Inc. 


INL 


Inland Steel Co., Island Steel Container Co. : 


: PRC 


Products Research & Chemical Corp. 




Div. : 


: PRT 


Pratt & Lambert, Inc. 


INP 


Synair Corp. : 


: PSL 


Plaslok Corp. 


IOC 


Sybron Corp., Sybron Chemical Div. : 


: PST 


Perstorp, Inc. 


IPC 


Interplastic Corp. : 


: PTC 


Polycast Technology Corp. 


IRI 


Ironsides Co. : 


: PVI 


Polyvinyl Chemical Industries 


ISM 


Isochem Resins Co. : 


: PYZ 


Polyrez Co., Inc. 


JNS 


S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. : 


: QCP 


Quaker Chemical Corp. 


JOB 


Jones-Blair Co. : 


: QON 


K.J. Quinn & Co., Inc. 


JSC 


Sybron Corp., Sybron Chemical Div. : 










: RAB 


Raybestos Manhattan, Industrial Div. 


KMP 


Kelly-Moore Paint Co., Inc. : 


: RAS 


Raffi and Swanson, Inc. 


KPT 


Koppers Co., Inc. ! 


: RCD 


Richardson Co., Polymeric Systems Div. 


KYS 


Keysor Corp. : 


: RCI 


Relchhold Chemicals Inc. 






: RCO 


Rico Chemical Corp. 


LC 


Lord Corp., Chemicals Products Group : 


: REL 


Reliance Universal, Inc., Louisville Resins 


LIC 


Lilly Industrial Coatings, Inc. : 




Operations 






: RGC 


Rogers Corp., Molding Materials Div. 


MCA 


Masonite Corp., Alpine Div. : 


: RH 


Rohm & Haas Co. 


MCB 


Borg-Warner Corp., Borg-Warner Chemicals : 


: RSN 


Rilsan Corp. 


MCC 


McCloskey Varnish Co. : 


: RTC 


RIegel Textile Corp., H.I.T. Chemicals Div. 


MCC 


McCloskey Varnish Co. of Northwest : 






MCC 


McCloskey Varnish Co. of the West : 


: S 


Sandoz, Inc., Colors & Chemicals Div. 


MID 


Dexter Corp., Midland Div. : 


: SAC 


Southeastern Adheslves Co. 


MMM 


Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co. : 


: SAR 


Leski, Inc. 


MNP 


The Valspar Corp. : 


: SCM 


SCM Corp., Gllddem Coatings & Resins Div. 


MOB 


Mobay Chemical Co., Pittsburgh Div. : 


: SCN 


Schenectady Chemicals, Inc. 


MON 


Monsanto Corp. : 


: SCO 


Scholler, Inc. 


MRT 


Morton Norwich Products, Inc., Morton : 


: SCP 


Henkel Corp. 




Chemical Co. Div. : 


: SDH 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Hilton Davis Chemical Co. 

Div. 
Stauffer Chemical Co., Plastics Div. 


NCI 


Union Camp Corp., Chemical Products Div. : 


: SFP 


NCJ 


National Casein of New Jersey : 


: SHC 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 


NCP 


Nlles Chemical Paint Co. and Kordell : 


: SHT 


Shintech, Inc. 




Industries Div. ! 


: SIC 


Vistron Corp., Silmar Div. 


NEV 


Neville Chemical Co. : 


: SIM 


Simpson Timber Co., Oregon Overlay Div. 


NSC 


National Starch & Chemical Corp. : 


: SKT 


Textron Inc., Spencer Kellogg Div. 


NTC 


National Casein Co. : 


: SLC 


Soluol Chem Co., Inc. 


NTL 


NL Industries, Inc. : 


: SLT 


Soltex Polymer Corp. 


NWP 


Northern Petrochemical Co. : 







VIII -- PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 151 

TABLE 3,— Plastics and resin materials: Directory of manufacturers, 1981--Continued 



CODE 


: NAME OF COMPANY : 


: CODE 


: NAME OF COMPANY 


SM 


Mobil Oil Corp.: : 


: UPJ 


Upjohn Co. 




Mobil Chemical Co.: : 


: USI 


National Distillers & Chemical Corp.: 




Chemical Coatings Div. : 




U.S. Industrial Chemicals Co.: 




Petrochemical Div. : 




National Petro Chemical Corp. 


SNW 


Sun Chemical Corp., Chemicals Div. : 


: USM 


Crown Metro, Inc. 


SOR 


MW Manufacturers, Southern Resin Div. : 


: USM 


Emhart Corp., Bostik Div. 


SPC 


Insilco Corp., Sinclair Paint Co. Div. : 


: USO 


U.S. Oil Co. 


SPD 


General Electric Co., Silicone Products Dept . : 


: USR 


Uniroyal, Inc., Uniroyal Chemical Div. 


SPL 


Spaulding Fibre Co., Inc., Industrial Plastics : 


: USS 


USS Chemicals Div., U.S. Steel Corp. 




Div. : 


: VAL 


Valchem Div. of United Merchants & 


STC 


American Hoechst Corp., Sou-Tex Works : 




Manufacturers, Inc. 


STT 


Standard T Chemical, Inc. : 


: VPC 


Mobay Chemical Corp., Dyestuff Div. 


SW 


Sherwin-Williams Co. : 


: VSV 


Valentine Sugars, Inc., Valite Div. 


SYL 


Sylvachem Corp. : 






STT 


Synthron, Inc. : 


: WCA 


West Coast Adhesives Co. 






: WLN 


Wilmington Chemical Corp. 


TKL 


Thiokol Corp., Specialty Chemicals Div. : 


: WPG 


West Point-Pepperill, Inc., Grifftex Chemical 


TOA 


Ethyl Corp., Polymer Div. : 




Co . Sub . 


TRA 


Talleryrand Chemicals, Inc. : 


: WRD 


Weyerhaeuser Co. 


TX 


Texaco, Inc. : 


: WTC 


Witco Chemical Corp. 


TXS 


Texstyrene Plastics, Inc. : 










: ZGL 


Carolina Processing Corp. 


UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. : 






UNO • 


United-Erie, Inc. : 






UOC 


Union Oil Co. of California : 







Note. — Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in table 1 of 
the appendix. The above codes identify those of the 264 reporting companies and company divisions for which 
permission to publish was not restricted. 



SECTION IX -- RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS 153 



STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 
Sharon Kay Thompson 



Rubber-processing chemicals are organic compounds that are added to natural 
and synthetic rubber to give them qualities necessary for their conversion into 
finished rubber goods. In this report, statistics are given for cyclic and 
acyclic compounds by use — such as accelerators, antioxidants, blowing agents, 
and peptizers. Data on production and sales of rubber-processing chemicals in 
1981 are given table 1. 

Production of rubber-processing chemicals as a group in 1981 amounted to 
280 million pounds, or 4.0 percent less than the 291 million pounds in 1980. 
Sales of rubber-processing chemicals in 1981 amounted to 182 million pounds, 
valued at $298 million, compared with 194 million pounds, valued at $296 mil- 
lion in 1980. 

The production of cyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1981 amounted to 
246 million pounds, or 4.7 percent less than the 258 million pounds in 1980. 
Sales in 1981 were 158 million pounds, valued at $271 million, compared with 
168 million pounds, valued at $270 million 

of cyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1981, accelerators, activators, and 
vulcanizing agents accounted for 33.6 percent and antioxidants, antiozonants, 
and stabilizers for 60.6 percent. Production of antioxidants, antiozonants, 
and stabilizers, which amounted to 149 million pounds in 1981, included 91 
million pounds of amino compounds and 58 million pounds of phenolic and phos- 
phite compounds. Sales of amino antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers 
in 1981 amounted to 61 million pounds, valued at $105 million; sales of phen- 
olic and phosphite antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers, were 35 million 
pounds, valued at $55 million. 

Production of acyclic rubber processing chemicals in 1981 amounted to 33 
million pounds, or approximately the same amount as reported for 1980. Sales 
in 1981 totaled 24 million pounds, valued at $27 million, compared with 26 mil- 
lion pounds, valued at $26 million, in 1980. Dithiocarbamic acid derivatives 
accounted for 28.1 percent of sales (based on quantity) of acyclic rubber-pro- 
cessing chemicals in 1981. 



*See also table 2 which lists these producers and identifies the manufacturers 
by codes. These codes are given in table 3. 



IX -- RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS 



155 



TABLE 1. --Rubber-processing chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1981 

[Listed below are all rubber-processing chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. (Leaders (...) are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published 
or where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists separately all rubber-processing chemicals for which data on 
production and/or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS 



SALES 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



Grand total 

CYCLIC 

Total 

Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents, 

total 

Aldehyde-amine reaction products 

Thiazole derivatives, total 

2,2'-I>ithiobis(benzothiazole) 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazoif , zinc salt 

All other cMazole derivatives 

All other accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing 
agents 2 

Antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers, total 

Amino compounds, total 

Substituted p-phenylenediamines, total 

N' ,N'-Bis(l,4-dimethylpentyl)-p-phenylenedi- 

amine 

Other substituted p-phenylehediamines 

All other amino compounds 

Phenolic and phosphite compounds, total 

Nonylphenyl phosphite, mixed 

Phenolic compounds: 

Polyphenolics (including bisphenols) 

Phenol, alkylated 

Phenol, styrenated 

All other phenolic and phosphite compounds 

All other cyclic rubber-processing chemicals 1 

ACYCLIC 

Total 

Dithiocarbamic acid derivatives, total 3 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

All other dithiocarbamic acid derivatives 

Thiurams, xanthates and sulfides 

All other acyclic rubber-processing chemicals 



1,000 
pounds 



279,628 



82,702 



712 

74,764 

12,152 

2,328 

1,581 

58,703 

7,226 



90,890 
61,930 

5,155 

56,775 
28,960 
58,335 
15,639 

9,367 

6,179 

1,009 

26,141 

14,341 



33,360 



1,880 
8,075 



2,531 
20,874 



1,000 
■pounds 



157,591 



48,286 



799 

41,386 

7,621 

2,495 

1,547 

29,723 

6,101 

95,397 



60,699 
32,617 

4,668 
27,949 
28,082 
34,698 
10,174 

8,266 

2,974 

834 

12,450 

13,908 



23,949 



6,726 



1,779 
4,947 



2,406 
14,817 



1,000 
dollars 

298,353 



80,638 



1,958 
61,239 
8,938 
2,825 
2,045 
47,431 

17,441 

159,760 



105,131 
66,081 

9,007 

57,074 

39,050 

54,629 

7,595 

27,455 

5,750 

857 

12,972 

30,536 



11.561 



2,471 
9,090 



4,107 
11,751 



Per 

pound 



$1.64 



1.67 



2.45 
1.48 

1.17 
1.13 
1.33 
1.60 

2.86 



1.73 
2.03 

1.93 
2.04 
1.39 
1.57 
.75 

3.32 
1.93 
1.03 

1.04 

2.20 



1.39 
1.84 



1.71 
.79 



Calculated from unrounded figures. 

2 Includes guanidines, dithiocarbamates, and other uses not separately shown. 

3 Data on dithiocarbamates included in this table are for materials used chiefly in the processing of natural 
and synthetic rubber. Data on dithiocarbamates which are used chiefly as fungicides are included in the report 
on "Pesticides and Related Products." 

"includes aldehyde- and acetone-amine reactions products. 

5 lncludes blowing agents, peptizers, and other uses not separately shown. 

6 Includes "other" conditioning and lubricating agents, polymerization regulators, shortstops, and other uses 
not separately shown. 



156 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



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158 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



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IX -- RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS 



159 



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160 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



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IX -- RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS 161 

TABLE 3.— Rubber-processing chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1981 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of rubber-processing chemicals to the U.S. Inter- 
national Trade Commission for 1981 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY : 


: CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY 


ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. : 


: MCB 


Borg-Warner Corp., Borg-Warner 


Chemicals 


ALC 


Alco Chemical Corp. : 


: MON 


Monsanto Co. 




BFG 


B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich Chemical : 
Group : 


: NEV 
: OMC 


Neville Chemical Co. 
Olin Corp. 




DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. : 


: PAS 


Pennwalt Corp. 




EK 


Eastman Kodak Co. : 


: PIT 
: PLC 


Pitt-Consol Chemical Co. 
Phillips Petroleum Co. 




FER 


Ferro Corp., Ferro Chemical Div. : 








FMN 


FMC Corp., Agricultural Chemical Div. : 


: RBC 
: RCD 


Fike Chemicals, Inc. 
Richardson Co. 




GYR 


Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. : 


: RCI 


Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 




HXL 


Hexcel, Inc., Hexcel Chemical Products : 


: UPM 


UOP, Inc. 








: USR 


Uniroyal, Inc., Uniroyal Chemical Div. 


ICI 


ICI Americas Inc., Chemical Specialties Co. : 


: VNC 


Vanderbilt Chemical Corp. 




KPI 


Kenrich Petrochemicals, Inc. : 









Note. — Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in table 1 of 
the appendix. The above codes Identify those of the 28 reporting companies and company divisions for which 
permission to publish was not restricted. 



SECTION X -- ELASTOMERS 163 

STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 
Sharon Kay Thompson 

Elastomers (synthetic rubber) are high polymeric materials with properties 
similar to those of natural rubber. The term "elastomers" as used in this re- 
port, means a substance, whether in bale, crumb, powder, latex, and other crude 
form, which can be vulcanized or similarly processed into a material that can 
be stretched to at least twice its original length and, after having been so 
stretched and the stress removed, will return with force to approximately its 
original length. U.S. production and sales of elastomers in 1981 are shown in 
table l. 1 

Total U.S. production 2 of synthetic rubber in 1981 amounted to 4,849 mil- 
lion pounds, an increase of 1.7 percent from that produced in 1980. Total 
sales 2 of elastomers in 1981 amounted to 3,256 million pounds, approximately 
the same as that sold in 1980. 3 

Styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR, or S-type rubber) in 1981 continued to be 
the elastomer produced in the greatest quantity as it has been for more than 
a quarter of a century. U.S. production of S-type rubber, including 21 million 
pounds of its vinylpyridine sub-type, amounted to 2,268 million pounds in 1981. 
Solution polymerized butadiene rubber, a stereo type elastomer, was produced 
domestically in 1981 in the next largest amount — 767 million pounds. 1 * Other 
principal types of synthetic elastomers for which U.S. production data are re- 
ported separately are ethylene-propylene rubber, production of which was 401 
million pounds in 1981; acrylonitrile-butadiene (N-type) rubber, production of 
which was 127 million pounds; and silicone type elastomers, production of which 
was 106 million pounds. 

Sales of S-type rubber by U.S. producers in 1981 (excluding its vinyl- 
pyridine sub-type) amounted to 1,326 million pounds. 1 * Sales of solution poly- 
merized butadiene rubber amounted to 418 million pounds, and those of ethylene- 
propylene rubber to 292 million pounds. " Sales of N-type rubber in 1981 amounted 
to 105 million pounds. 



'See also table 2 which lists these products and indicates the manufacturers 
of each by code. The codes are identified by company name in table 3. 
2 Does not include urethane type elastomers. 

Calculated by using the estimated figures for production and sales in 1980. 
1 *Data for 1980 are not available. 



X -- ELASTOMERS 
TABLE l.~ Elastomers (synthetic rubber): 1 U.S. production and sales, 1981 



165 



[Listed below are all elastomers (synthetic rubber) for which reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. (Leaders (...) are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published 
or where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists all elastomers for which data on production and/or sales 
were reported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



ELASTOMERS 



UNIT 
VALUE 3 



Grand total 

Cyclic 

Acyclic 

Acrylonitrile-butadiene type (N-type) 

Ethylene-propylene type 

Polyacrylate ester type 

Silicone type 

Stereo elastomers: Butadiene (solution polymerized) 

type 

Styrene-butadiene type (S-type) 

Styrene-butadiene-vinylpyridine type 

All other elastomers 



1,000 
pounds 

4,849,457 



1,000 
pounds 

3,255,832 



1,000 
dollars 



2,505,096 



2,487,145 
2,362,312 

126,846 

400,526 

C) 

106,118 

766,743 

2,246,695 

20,845 

1,181,684 



1,552,530 
1,703,302 

105,159 

292,238 

3,679 

O) 

418,277 

1,326,484 

C) 

1,109,995 



848,554 
1,656,542 

72,280 

227,240 

7,436 

O) 

242,280 

631,096 

(») 

1,324,764 



Per 

pound 



.55 

.97 



.69 

.78 



C) 



CO 

1,19 



The term "elastomers" is defined as substance in bale, crumb, powder, latex, and other crude forms which can 
be vulcanized or similarly processed into materials that can be stretched at 68° F. to at least twice their 
original length and, after having been stretched and the stress removed, will return with force to approximately 
their original length. 

Includes oil content of oil-extended elastomers. 

'Calculated from unrounded figures. 

''Included in "All other elastomers." 

5 Includes production and/or sales data for acrylic ester, butyl, chlorcprene, epichlorohydrin, fluorinated, 
isobutylene, isoprenes, polysulfide, and silicone-type elastomers, certain solution elastomers, chlorinated 
rubber, chlorosulfonated polyethylene, thermoplastic rubber, and miscellaneous elastomers. 

Note. — Data on production and sales of urethane elastomers are now reported in the section "Plastics and 
Resin Materials" with urethane plastics and polyols. 



166 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



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ELASTOMERS 



167 






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168 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 

TABLE 3.— Elastomers (synthetic rubber): Directory of manufacturers, 1981 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of elastomers to the U.S. International Trade 
Commission for 1981 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



NAME OF COMPANY 



CODE 



NAME OF COMPANY 



ACY 
ADC 
ASY 



CBN 
CPY 

DCC 

DKA 
DUP 

ENJ 

FRS 



GNT 
GRD 
GYR 



American Cyanamid Co. 
Anderson Development Co. 
American Synthetic Rubber Corp. 

B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich Chemical 
Group 

Cities Service Co., Columbian Div. 
Copolymer Rubber & Chemical Corp. 

Dow Corning Corp. 

Denka Chemical Corp. 

E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. 

Exxon Chemical Americas 

Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., Firestone 
Synthetic Rubber & Latex Co. Div. 

General Tire & Rubber Co., Chemical Div. 
W. R. Grace & Co., Polymers & Chemical Div. 
Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 



HPC 
ICI 

PLC 

PLR 
PRC 

SHC 
SPD 
SWS 



USR 
WAY 



Hercules, Inc. 

ICI Americas Inc., Chemical Specialties Co. 

Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Co. 

Phillips Petroleum Co. 

Polysar, Inc., Polysar Latex Div. 

Products Research & Chemical Corp. 

Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 
General Electric Co., Silicone Products Dept. 
Stauffer Chemical Co., SWS Silicones Div. 

Thiokol Chemical Corp., Specialty Chemical 
Div. 

Uniroyal, Inc., Uniroyal Chemical Div. 

Philip A. Hunt Chemical Corp., Organic Chemical 
Div. 



Note. — Complete names, telephc 
the appendix. 



numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in table 1 of 



SECTION XI -- PLASTICIZERS 169 



STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 
J. Lawrence Johnson 



Plasticizers are organic chemicals that are added to synthetic plastics 
md resin materials to (1) improve workability during fabrication, (2) extend 
or modify the natural properties of these materials, or (3) develop new im- 
proved properties not present in the original material. Table 1 presents 
statistics on U.S. production and sales of plasticizers in as great a detail 
as is possible without revealing the operations of individual producers. 

U.S. production of plasticizers totaled 1,866 million pounds in 1981, an 
increase of 4.5 percent from the 1,784 million pounds reported for 1980. Sales 
of plasticizers totaled 1,567 million pounds, valued at $894 million, in 1981, 
compared with 1,574 million pounds, valued at $858 million, in 1980. 

Production of cyclic plasticizers in 1981, which consisted chiefly of the 
esters of phthalic anhydride, phosphoric acid, and trimellitic acid, amounted 
to 1,458 million pounds, an increase of 5.0 percent from the 1,389 million 
pounds reported for 1980. Sales of cyclic plasticizers in 1981 totaled 1,209 
million pounds, valued at $622 million, compared with 1,220 million pounds, 
valued at $608 million, in 1980. The most important cyclic plasticizers were 
the dioctyl phthalates, with production of 304 million pounds, in 1981. 

Production of acyclic plasticizers in 1981 totaled 407 million pounds, an 
increase of 3.0 percent from the 396 million pounds reported for 1980. Sales 
of acyclic plasticizers totaled 358 million pounds, valued at $271 million, in 
1981, compared with 354 million pounds, valued at $250 million, in 1980. 
Epoxidized soya oils were the most important acyclic plasticizer in 1981 with 
production of 83 million pounds. 



XI -- PLASTICIZERS 
TABLE 1.— Plasticizers: ' U.S. production and sales, ly81 



171 



IListed below are plasticizers for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders 
(...) are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data 
were reported.) Table 2 lists separately all plasticizer chemicals for which data on production and/or 
sales were reported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



PLASTICIZERS 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 2 



Grand total 

Benzenoid 3 

Nonbenzenoid 

CYCLIC 

Total 

Phosphoric acid esters'* 

Phthalic anhydride esters, total 

Butyl octyl phthalates 

Dibutyl phthalates (including diisobutyl 

phthalates) 

Diethyl phthalate 

Diisodecyl phthalate 5 

Dimethyl phthalate 

Dioctyl phthalates, total 5 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate 

All other dioctyl phthalates 

Di-tridecyl phthalate 

All other phthalic anhydride esters 

Trimellitic acid esters, total 

Triisooctyl trimellitate 

Tri-n-octyl-n-decyl trimellitate 

Trioctyl trimellitate 

All other trimellitic acid esters 

All other cyclic plasticizers 6 

ACYCLIC 

Total 

Adipic acid esters, total 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate 

Diisodecyl adipate 

Diisopropyl adipate 

All other adipic acid esters 

Complex linear polyesters and polymeric plasticize 

total 

Adipic acid type 

All other 

Epoxidized esters, total 

Epoxidized linseed oils 

Epoxidized soya oils 

All other epoxidized esters 

Isopropyl myristate 

Oleic acid esters, total 

Butyl oleate 

All other oleic acid esters 



1,000 
pounds 



1,865,539 



1,600,552 
264,987 



1,458,323 



68,807 
1,119,823 



11,473 

19,864 
19,994 

140,395 
6,933 

303,834 

285,399 
18,435 
27,839 

589,491 

31,629 



1,478 



19,158 
10,993 



238,064 



407,216 



22,567 
1,817 



56,035 



20,035 
25,754 



115,463 



6,706 
83,324 
25,433 

2,397 



1,000 
pounds 



1,316,501 
250,002 



60,101 
1,059,046 



10,091 

21,487 
16,113 

117,880 

7,541 

291,965 

291,965 

17,277 

576,692 

29,675 



673 

17,666 
11,336 



357,527 



71,923 



26,032 
1,594 
1,066 

43,231 



16,779 
24,852 



116,355 



7,296 
83,317 
25,742 



12.451 



1,000 
dollars 



893,633 



713,276 
180,357 



57,091 
511,244 



5,049 

10,715 

18,181 

56,016 

4,506 

132,870 

132,870 

10,489 

273,418 



590 

12,345 

9,144 

32,060 



271,159 



52,445 



16,498 

1,335 

906 

33,706 



16,780 
24,849 



62.425 



5,907 
42,138 
14,380 



6.976 



1,324 
11,227 



1,359 
11,092 



776 
6,200 



See footnotes at end of table. 



172 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



TABLE 1,--Plasticizers:' U.S. production and sales, 1981— Continued 



PLASTICIZERS 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 2 



ACYCLIC--Continued 



Palmitic acid esters, total 

Isopropyl palmilate 

All other palmitic acid esters- 



1,000 
pounds 



7.700 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
do I lews 



4,728 
2,972 



Stearic acid esters, total 

n-Butyl stearate 

Isobutyl stearate 

All other stearic acid esters- 
All other acyclic plasticizers - 



4,914 
7,837 



7,601 

951 

3,914 

130,431 



7,466 

970 

2,986 

95,156 



4,146 

716 

2,975 

92,396 



Per 

pound 



.56 

.74 

1.00 

.97 



Includes data for compounds used principally (but not exclusively) as primary plasticizers. Does not include 
clearly defined extenders or secondary plasticizers. 
Calculated from unrounded figures. 

'includes benzenoid products as defined in part 1, schedule 4, of the Tariff Schedules of the United States 
Annotated. 

"includes data for cresyl diphenyl phosphate, dibutyl phenyl phosphate, diphenyl octyl phosphate, tricresyl 
phosphate, triphenyl phosphate, and other cyclic phosphoric acid esters. 

The difference between the production reported here and that shown on the Preliminary Report on U.S. Produc- 
tion of Selected Organic Chemicals (including Synthetic Plastics and Resin Materials), 1981 , results from a 
combination of incorrect reporting by some companies, end-of-year inventory adjustments, and rounding. 

6 Includes data for glycol dibenzoates, toluenesulfonamides, tetrahydrofurfuryl oleate, and other cyclic plas- 
ticizers. 

'includes data for azelaic acid esters, citric and acetylcitric acid esters, myristic acid esters except iso- 
propyl myristate, pelargonic acid esters, ricinoleic and acetylricinoleic acid esters, glyceryl and glycol esters 
phosphoric acid esters, sebacic acid esters and other acyclic plasticizers. 



XI -- PLASTICIZERS 



173 



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SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



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XI -- PLASTICIZERS 
TABLE 3,— Plasticizers: Directory of manufacturers, 1981 



177 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of plasticizers to the U.S. International Trade 
Commission for 1981 are listed below In the order of their Identification codes as used in table 2] 



CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY : 


: CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY 


ARC 


Armak Co., Industrial Chemical Div. : 


: NES 


Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co. 




ARZ 


Arizona Chemical Co. : 


: NEV 

: NTL 


Neville Chemical Co. 
NL Industries, Inc. 




CHL 


Chemol, Inc. : 








CO 


Conoco, Inc. : 


: PFZ 


Pfizer, Inc. 




CPS 


CPS Chemical Co. : 


: RCI 


Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 




DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. : 


: RH 


Rohm & Haas Co. 




DCB 


Badische Corp. : 








DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. : 


: SBC 


Scher Chemicals, Inc. 




DRC 


Dock Resins Corp. : 


: SCP 


Henkel , Inc. 




DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. : 


: SFS 
: SHX 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Specialty Div. 
Sherex Chemical Co., Inc. 




EK 


Eastman Kodak Co.: : 


: SM 


Mobil Oil Corp., Mobil Chemical Co., Chemi 


cal 


EKT 


Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. : 




Coatings Div. 




EKX 


Texas Eastman Co. Div. : 


: SWT 


Eschem Inc., Swift Technical Products Div. 




EMR 


Emery Industries, Inc. : 








ENJ 


Exxon Chemical Americas : 


: TCH 
: TEK 


Emery Industries, Inc., Trylon Div. 
Teknor Apex Co. 




FER 


Ferro Corp., Ferro Chemical Div. : 


: TKL 


Thiokol Corp., Specialty Chemicals Div. 




FMP 


FMC Corp., Industrial Chemical Group : 


: TNA 


Ethyl Corp. 




GRO 


A. Gross & Co., Millmaster Onyx Group, : 


: UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 






Kewanee Industries, Inc. : 


: USS 


USS Chemicals Div. of U.S. Steel Corp. 




HAL 


C. P. Hall Co. : 


: VDM 


Van De Mark Chemical Co., Inc. 




HCC 


Hatco Chemical Corp. : 


: VEL 


Velsicol Chemical Corp. 




HKD 


Hooker Chemicals Corp., PVC Div. : 


: VIK 


Viking Chemical Co. 




HN 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc. : 


: VND 


Van Dyk & Co . , Inc . 




HPC 


Hercules, Inc. : 


WM 


American Can Co., Inolex Chemical Div. 




KF 


Kay-Fries Inc., Member Dynamit Nobel Group : 


: WTC 


Wltco Chemical Corp. 




KIM 


Kalama Chemical, Inc. : 


: WTH 


Union Camp Corp. 




MON 


Monsanto Co. : 









Note. — Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed In table 
the appendix. The above codes Identify those of the 52 reporting companies and company divisions for which 
permission to publish was not restricted. 



SECTION XII -- SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 179 



STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 
Eric Land 



The surface-active agents included in this report are organic chemicals 
that reduce the surface tension of water or other solvents and are used 
chiefly as detergents, dispersing agents, emulsif iers, foaming agents, or 
wetting agents in either aqueous or nonaqueous systems. Waxes and products 
used chiefly as plasticizers are excluded. Surface-active agents are pro- 
duced from natural fats and oils, from silvichemicals such as lignin, rosin, 
and tall oil, and from chemical intermediates derived from coal tar and 
petroleum. A major part of the output of the bulk chemicals shown in this re- 
port is consumed in the form of packaged soaps and detergents for household 
and industrial use. The remainder is used in the processing of textiles and 
leather, in ore flotation and oil-drilling operations, and in the manufacture 
of agricultural sprays, cosmetics, elastomers, foods, lubricants, paint, 
pharmaceuticals, and many other products. 

The statistics for production and sales of surface-active agents are 
grouped by ionic class and by chemical class and subclass. All quantities 
are reported in terms of 100-percent organic surface-active ingredient and 
thus exclude all inorganic salts, water, and other diluents. Sales statis- 
tics reflect sales of bulk surface-active agents only; sales of formulated 
products are excluded. 

Total U.S. production of surface-active agents in 1981 amounted to 5,078 
million pounds, or 4.6 percent greater than the 4,853 million pounds reported 
for 1980. Sales of bulk surface-active agents in 1981 amounted to 3,104 mil- 
lion pounds, valued at $1,477 million, compared with sales in 1980 of 2,928 
million pounds, valued at $1,296 million. In terms of quantity, sales in 1981 
were 6.0 percent greater than in 1980. 

Production of anionic surface-active agents in 1981 amounted to 3,353 mil- 
lion pounds, or 66.0 percent of the total surfactant output reported for 1981. 
Sales of anionics in 1981 amounted to 1,655 million pounds, valued at $541 
million. 

Production of cationic surface-active agents in 1981 amounted to 337 mil- 
lion pounds, 8.5 percent more than the 311 million pounds reported in 1980. 
Production of nonionic surface-active agents amounted to 1,369 million pounds 
in 1981, 3.7 percent more than the 1,320 million pounds reported in 1980. 
Sales of cationic surface-active agents in 1981 increased by 7.8 percent in 
terms of quantity and increased by 14.3 percent in terms of value when com- 
pared with sales in 1980. Sales of nonionics in 1981 increased by 10.0 per- 
cent in terms of quantity and increased by 14.3 percent in terms of value 
when compared with sales in 1980. 



180 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



The difference between production and sales reflects inventory changes 
and captive consumption of surface-active agents by synthetic rubber pro- 
ducers, and by manufacturers of cosmetics, packaged detergents, bar soaps, 
and other formulated consumer products. In some instances the difference 
may also reflect quantities of surface-active agents used as chemical 
intermediates, e.g., nonionic alcohol and alkylphenol ethoxylates which 
may be converted to anionic surface-active agents by phosphation or 
sulfation. 



XII -- SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



181 



TABLE 1.— Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1981 

[Listed below are all surface-active agents for which reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders (...) are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or 
where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists all surface-active agents for which data on production and/or 
sales were reported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



Grand total 

Benzenoid 

Nonbenzenoid 

AMPHOTERIC 

Total 

ANIONIC 

Total 

Carboxylic acids (and salts, thereof), total 

Amine salts of fatty, rosin, and tall oil acids 

Carboxylic acids having amide, ester, or ether 

linkages 

Coconut oil acids, potassium salt 

Coconut oil acids, sodium salt 

Oleic acid, potassium salt 

Stearic acid, potassium salt 

Tall oil acids, potassium salt 

Tallow acids, sodium salt 

All other carboxylic acids (and salts thereof) 

Phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esters (and salts 

thereof) , total 

Alcohols and phenols, alkoxylated and phosphated, 

total 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and phos- 
phated 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Phenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated 

All other 

All other phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esteri 

(arid salts thereof) , total 

2-Ethylhexyl phosphate, sodium salt 

Mixed alkyl phosphate 

All other 

Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof), total 

Alkylbenzenesulf onates, total 

Dodecyl benzene sulfonic acid 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, calcium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, isopropylamine salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, triethanolamine 

salt 

All other 

Benzene-, cumene-, toluene-, and xylenesulf onates , 

total 

Xylenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

Xylenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 



5,078,208 



1,229,201 
3,849,007 



1,863 

4,106 

2,385 
133,534 

1,832 
481 

6,244 
385,952 
310,126 



27,952 

3,858 

15,123 

2,498 

740 

5,733 

14,534 

292 

3,146 

11,096 

1,847,986 



640,219 

200,845 

13,429 

3,141 

283,628 

6,504 
132,672 

109,273 
21,422 
60,131 
27,720 



QUANTITY 



1,000 
pounds 



3,104,293 



665,700 
2,438,593 



17,082 



1,655,306 



141,417 



3,400 

990 

1,920 



3,264 
17,279 

114,056 



24,006 

2,942 

14,123 

2,272 

4,669 

7,649 



1,241,931 



164,509 

101,412 

9,574 

3,072 

36,751 

5,722 
7,978 

94,959 

21,308 
52,707 
20,944 



1,000 
dollars 



1,476,519 



366,860 
1,109,659 



23,595 



540,841 



5,077 
778 
667 



1,598 
4,769 
68,354 



28,964 



19,747 

2,781 
9,497 
2,440 

5,029 

9,217 



274,793 



86,488 

47,156 

8,654 

2,536 

18,473 

3,451 
6,218 

23,695 
5,857 

11,108 
6,730 



UNIT 
VALUE 3 



Per 

pound 



1.49 
.79 
.35 



.95 
.67 

1.07 



.53 

.46 
.90 



.60 
.78 



.27 
.21 
.32 



See footnotes at end of table. 



182 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 

TABLE 1.— Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1981— Continued 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



PRODUCTION 



SALES 2 



QUANTITY 1 



UNIT 
VALUE 3 



ANIONIC— Continued 

Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof) — Continued 

Ligninsulf onates , total 

Ligninsulfonic acid, calcium salt 

Ligninsulf onic acid, chromium salt 

Ligninsulfonic acid, sodium salt 

All other 

Naphtha lenesulf onates 

Sulfonic acids having amide linkages, total 

Sulfosuccinamic acid derivatives 

Taurine der ivat Ives 

All other 

Sulfonic acids having ester or ether linkages, 

total 

Sulfosuccinic acid esters, total 

Sulfosuccinic acid, bis(2-ethylhexyl)ester, 

sodium salt 

All other 

Other sulfonic acids having ester or ether 

linkages 

All other sulfonic acids (and salts thereof) 

Sulfuric acid esters (and salts thereof), 

total 

Acids, amides, and esters, sulfated, total 

Butyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

Oleic acid, sulfated, disodium salt 

Propyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 

Tall oil sulfated, sodium salt 

All other 

Alcohols, sulfated, total 

Dodecyl sulfate, magnesium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

Mixed linear alcohols, sulfated, ammonium salt — 

Mixed linear alcohols, sulfated, sodium salt 

Mixed linear alcohols, sulfated, triethanolamine 

salt 

Octyl sulfate, sodium salt 

All other 

Castor oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Cod oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Ethers, sulfated, total 

Alkylphenols, ethoxylated and sulfated 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

ammonium salt 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

sodium salt 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

sodium salt 

All other 

Herring oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Mixed fish oils, sulfated, sodium salt 

Neat's foot oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Soybean oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Tallow sulfated, sodium salt 

Other anionic surface-active agents 6 



7,000 
pounds 



958,248 



634,679 

124,027 

149,766 

49,776 

21,918 

6,199 

2,973 

2,925 

301 

67,114 
24,794 

19,050 
5,744 

42,320 
45,015 



569,446 



21,493 

1,077 

4,354 

297 

1,890 

13,875 

261,771 

229 

20,486 

10,552 

44,006 



14,367 

337 

171,794 

4,984 

1,954 

269,185 

5,322 

4,275 

15,728 

135,919 
107,941 
1,435 
4,318 
1,488 
529 
2,289 

46,503 



1,000 
pounds 



881,806 



1,000 
dollars 



78,032 



570,819 

123,225 

138,641 

49,121 

19,883 

4,448 

2,275 

1,919 

254 

31,724 
19,712 

14,822 
4,890 

12,012 

44,602 



217,937 



16,383 

4,333 

153 

1,161 

10,736 

61,365 

152 

19,939 

6,751 

5,795 

8,936 

3,388 

287 

16,117 

4,338 

1,625 

126,437 

4,073 

3,641 

14,738 

26,208 

77,777 

1,111 

4,006 

537 
2,135 



28,546 

22,229 

19,383 

7,874 

13,267 

6,025 

2,353 

3,495 

177 

44,149 
22,203 

18,419 
3,784 

21,946 
23,137 



145,78 



11,066 

2,043 

116 

368 

8,539 

59,467 

173 

19,295 

6,674 

5,654 

7,581 

3,466 

390 

16,234 

2,513 

521 

69,582 

4,033 

2,468 

13,268 

15,175 

34,638 

385 

1,385 

199 
671 



See footnotes at end of table. 



XII - SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 
TABLE 1.— Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1981— Continued 



183 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



PRODUCTION 



QUANTITY 



unit 3 

VALUE 



CATIOMC 

Total 

Amine oxides and oxygen-containing amines (except 

those having amide linkages) , total 

Acyclic, total 

(Coconut oil alkyl)amine, ethoxylated 

(Mixed alkyDamine, ethoxylated 

(Tallow alkyl)amine, ethoxylated 

All other 

Cyclic (including imidazoline and oxazoline 

derivatives) , total 

1- (2-Hydroxy ethyl) -2 -nony 1-2- imidazoline 

l-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(coconut oil alkyl)-2- 

imidazoline 

l-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(tall oil alkyl)-2- 

imidazoline 

All other 

Amines and amine oxides having amide linkages, total- 

Stearic acid-diethylenetriamine condensate 

Tall oil acids polyalkylenepolyamine condensate 

All other 

Amines, not containing oxygen (and salts thereof), 

total 

Diamines, polyamines, and amine salts, total 

Imidazoline derivatives 

N-(9-0ctadecenyl) trimethylenediamine 

N- (Tallow alkyl)dipropylenetriamine 

N-(Tallow alkyl) trimethylenediamine 

All other 

Primary monoamines, total 

9-0ctadecenylamine 

Octadecylamine 

(Tallow alkyl) amine 

All other 

Secondary and tertiary monoamines, total 

N,N-Dimethyl (coconut oil alkyDamine ; 

N,N-Dimethylhexadecylamine 

N,N-Dlmethyloctadecylamine 

All other 

Quaternary ammonium salts, not containing oxygen, 

total 

Acyclic, total 

Bis(hydrogenated tallow alkyDdimethylammonium 

chloride 

TrimethyKtallow alkyDammonium chloride 

All other 

Benzenoid , total 

BenzyKcoconut oil alkyDdimethylammonium 

chloride 

Benzyldimethyl (mixed alkyl) ammonium chloride 

Benzyldimethyloctadecylaramonium chloride 

Benzyltrimethylammonlum chloride 

All other 

Other cationic surface-active agents 



1,000 
pounds 



80,365 

68,514 

2,246 

2,060 

2,117 

62,091 

11,851 



872 
10,833 



327 
21,907 
24,750 



81.722 



30,791 

1,146 

3,874 

217 

8,367 

17,187 

24,205 

5,488 

728 

8,505 

9,484 

26,726 

158 

397 

1,239 

24,932 



74,250 

47,765 

1,335 

25,150 

29,046 

417 

12,392 

2,962 

3,487 

9,788 

24,874 



1,000 
pounds 



256,045 



1,000 
dollars 



228,146 



27,307 
18,690 



1,572 

17,118 



8,617 
145 



8,472 
36,091 



306 
18,141 
17,644 



75,118 



25,966 

880 

3,503 

6,691 
14,892 
22,259 

5,373 

7,412 

9,474 

26,893 

371 

1,285 

25,237 

97,380 



70,465 

47,118 

1,322 

22,025 

26,915 

267 

12,531 

2,559 

3,669 

7,889 

20,149 



28,510 
18,190 



1,316 
16,874 



10,320 
201 



28,700 



376 
13,653 
14,671 



68,433 



22,442 
1,489 
3,724 

5,378 

11,851 

18,510 

4,708 

5,058 

8,744 

27,481 

441 

1,618 

25,422 



82,949 



50,716 

26,674 

1,160 

22,882 

32,233 

383 

16,461 

4,575 

2,105 

8,709 

19,554 



Per 
pound 



1.04 
.97 



.84 
.93 



1.20 
1.38 



1.23 
.75 
.83 



1.69 
1.06 



.68 

.92 

1.02 



1.26 
1.01 



1.04 
1.20 

1.43 
1.31 
1.79 
.57 
1.10 

.97 



See footnotes at end of table. 



181 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 

TABLE 1,— Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1981— Continued 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



PRODUCTION 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 3 



NONIONIC 

Total 

Carboxylic acid amides, total 

Diethanolamine condensates (amine/acid ratio=2/l) , 

total 

Coconut oil acids 

Coconut oil and tallow acids 

Laurie acid 

Laurie and myristic acids 

Oleic acid 

Tall oil acids 

All other 

Diethanolamine condensates (other amine/acid 

ratios) , total 

Coconut oil acids (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Laurie acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Laurie and myristic acids (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Linoleic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

Stearic acid (amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

All other 

All other carboxylic acid amides 

Carboxylic acid esters, total 

Anhydrosorbitol esters, total 

Anhydrosorbitol mono-oleate 

All other 

Diethylene glycol esters, total 

Diethylene glycol monolaurate 

Diethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Diethylene glycol monostearate 

All other 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol mono-oleate 

Ethylene glycol distearate 

Ethylene glycol monostearate 

Glycerol esters of chemically defined acids, total 

Glycerol mono-oleate 

Glycerol monoricinoleate 

Glycerol monostearate 

All other 

Glycerol esters of mixed acids 

Natural fats and oils, ethoxylated, total 

Castor oil, ethoxylated 

Hydrogenated castor oil, ethoxylated 

Lanolin , ethoxylated 

All other 

Polyethylene glycol esters, total 

Polyethylene glycol dilaurate 

Polyethylene glycol dioleate 

Polyethylene glycol distearate 

Polyethylene glycol monolaurate 

Polyethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Polyethylene glycol monostearate 

Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of tall oil 

acids 

All other 

Polyglycerol esters 

Propanediol esters 

All other carboxylic acid esters 



1,000 
pounds 



1,369,228 



66,366 



19,551 

10,315 

1,971 

143 

1,732 

664 

931 

3,795 

30,368 

21,562 

3,685 

2,965 

1,031 

88 

1,037 

16,447 

242,583 



30,603 

5,133 

25,470 

2,521 

81 

59 

2,381 
3,744 

2,954 

22,163 

3,791 

65 

17,360 

947 

39,794 

18,802 

8,297 

3,916 

1,302 

5,287 

48,869 

1,090 

2,402 

2,624 

4,662 

5,345 

7,101 

16,752 

8,893 

866 

2,754 

69,513 



1,000 
pounds 



1,175,860 



50,828 



14,566 
8,115 
1,886 

1,146 

274 
3,145 

28,201 

20,439 

2,789 

2,896 

988 

69 

1,020 

8,061 

189,190 



20,015 

3,212 

16,803 

711 

78 

42 

172 

419 

3,172 

2,658 

2,820 

18,594 

2,825 

67 

14,812 

890 

34,034 

13,806 

5,528 

981 

7,297 

39,405 

1,008 

907 

3,986 
4,483 
5,106 



23,915 

791 

2,296 

50,888 



1,000 
dollars 



683,937 



10,272 
5,397 
1,252 

1,043 

210 
2,370 

21,024 

14,409 

2,541 

2,388 

819 

40 

827 

6,155 

143,614 



16,397 

2,894 

13,503 

654 

68 

38 

173 

375 

2,594 

1,448 

2,072 

13,680 

2,204 

84 

10,377 

1,015 

24,860 

10,750 

4,133 

874 

5,743 

23,374 

1,079 

754 

3,289 
3,309 
4,361 



10,582 
1,017 
2,446 

44,322 



Per 

pound 



$0.58 



.91 

1.00 

.89 

.82 

.54 

.73 

.74 

.78 

1.25 

.70 

1.14 

.73 

.78 

.75 



.79 
.59 
L.07 
.83 

.83 
.74 



.44 
1.29 
1.07 

.87 



See footnotes at end of table 



XII -- SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



185 



TABLE 1. --Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1981--Continued 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



PRODUCTION 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 3 



NONIONIC— Continued 

Ethers, total 

Benzenoid ethers, total 

Dinonylphenol, ethoxylated 

Dodecylphenol, ethoxylated 

Nonylphenol , ethoxylated 

Phenol, ethoxylated 

All other 

Nonbenzenoid ethers, total 

Chemically-defined linear alcohols, alkoxylated 

total 

Decyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

9-0ctadecenyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Oleyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

All other 

Mixed linear alcohols, alkoxylated, total 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and pro- 
poxy lated 

Tallow alcohol, ethoxylated 

All other 

Other ethers and thioethers, total 

Mixed alcohols, ethoxylated 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

All other 

Other nonionic surface-active agents 



1,000 
pounds 



372,506 

6,239 

14,365 

268,498 

1,909 

81,495 

575,508 

15,531 

5,391 

3,046 

1,465 

823 

4,806 

559,977 

498,165 

27,086 

5,937 
28,789 
73,738 
427 
12,742 
60,569 

38,527 



1,000 
pounds 

924,841 



1,000 
do I laps 



494,087 



318,079 

4,929 

13,297 

243,018 

1,154 

55,681 

540,376 

10,412 

3,138 

2,831 

561 

725 

3,157 

529,964 

473,021 

24,131 

32,812 
66,386 

8,660 
57,726 

11,001 



166,018 

3,811 

7,436 

117,724 

856 

36,191 

278,243 

9,932 

1,854 

2,450 

623 

1,329 

3,676 

268,311 

244,383 

15,624 

8,304 
49,826 

5,619 
44,207 

8,785 



Per 

pound 



$0.53 



.52 
.77 
.56 
.48 
.74 
.65 
.51 

.95 

.59 

.87 

1.11 

1.83 

1.16 

.51 

.52 

.65 

.25 
.75 



.80 



'All quantities are given in terms of 100-percent organic surface-active ingredient. 

2 Sales include products sold as bulk surface-active agents only. 

'Calculated from unrounded figures. 

"The term "benzenoid" used in this report, describes any surface-active agents, except lignin derivatives, 
whose molecular structure includes 1 or more 6-membered carbocyclic or heterocyclic rings with conjugated 
double bonds (e.g., the benzene ring or the pyridine ring). 

'includes ligninsulfonates . 

6 Includes all other natural fats and oils, sulfated. 

'includes quaternary ammonium salts, containing oxygen. 



186 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



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XII -- SURFACE- ACT I Vh AGENTS 



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SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



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XII -- SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 207 

TABLE 3. --Surface-active agents: Directory of manufacturers, 1981 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of surface-active agents to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1981 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in table 2] 



CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY : 


: CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY 




AAC 


Alcolac, Inc. : 


: EK 


Eastman Kodak Co., Tennessee Eastman Co. 




ACT 


Southland Corp., Chemical Div. : 




Div. 




ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. : 


: EMK 


Emkay Chemical Co. 




AES 


Penetone Corp. : 


: EMR 


Emery Industries, Inc. 




AGP 


Armour-Dial, Inc. : 


: ENO 


Enenco, Inc. 




AKS 


Arkansas Co., Inc. : 


: ESS 


Essential Chemicals Corp. 




APX 


Apex Chemical Co., Inc. : 








ARC 


Armak Co., Industrial Chemical Div. : 


: FER 


Ferro Corp., Keil Chemical Div. 




ARI 


Atlas Refining, Inc. : 


: FPC 


Flambeau Paper Corp. 




ARL 


Arol Chemical Products Co. : 


: FTX 


Finetex, Inc. 




ARZ 


Arizona Chemical Co. : 








ASY 


American Synthetic Rubber Corp. : 


: GAF 


GAF Corp. 




AZS 


AZS Corp. : : 


: GDC 


Gresto, Inc. 






AZ Products Co. Div. : 


: GLY 


Glyco, Inc. 






AZS Chemical Co. : 


: GRL 
: GRO 


Chemed Corp., Vestal Laboratories Div. 
A. Gross & Co., Millmaster Onyx Group, 




BAK 


Baker International - Magna Corp. : 




Kewanee Industries, Inc. 




BAS 


BASF Wyandotte Corp. : 








BFP 


Breddo Food Products Corp., Inc. : 


: HAL 


CP. Hall Co. 




BKM 


Buckman Laboratories, Inc. : 


: HDG 


Hodag Chemical Corp. 




BLA 


Astor Products, Inc., Blue Arrow Div. : 


: HEW 


Hewitt Soap Co., Inc. 




BLS 


Life Savers, Inc. : 


: HIP 


High Point Chemical Corp. 




BRD 


Lonza , Inc. ' 


: HLI 


Onyx Chemical Co. 




BSW 


Original Bradford Soap Works, Inc. : 


: HMP 

: HNT 


W.R. Grace & Co., Organic Chemicals Div. 
Huntington Laboratories, Inc. 




CCA 


Interstab Chemicals, Inc. : 


: HPC 


Hercules, Inc. 




CCC 


C.N.C. Chemical Corp. : 


: HRT 


Hart Products Corp. 




CCL 


Catawba-Charlab, Inc. : 


: HTN 


Heterene Chemical Co., Inc. 




CCW 


Carstab Corp. : 


: HXL 


Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Chemical Products 




CGY 


Ciba-Geigy Corp. : 








CHL 


Chemol , Inc. ' 


: ICI 


ICI Americas Inc., Chemical Specialties 




CHP 


C.H. Patrick & Co . , Inc. : 




Co. 




CIN 


Stockhausen, Inc. : 








CJO 


C. J. Osborn Chemicals, Inc. : 


: JOR 


Jordan Chemical Co. 




CLD 


Colloids, Inc. : 


: JRG 


Andrew Jergens Co. 




CLI 


Clintwood Chemical Co. : 


: JTO 


Jetco Chemicals, Inc. 




CLU 


Core-Lube, Inc. : 








CMT 


Chemithon Corp. : 


: KNP 


Knapp Products, Inc. 




CO 


Conoco, Inc. J 


: KPI 


Kenrlch Petrochemicals, Inc. 




CON 


Concord Chemical Co., Inc. : 








CP 


Colgate-Palmolive Co. : 


: LEA 


Leatex Chemical Co. 




CPC 


Grant Chemical Co. : 


: LEV 


Lever Brothers Co. 




CRD 


Croda, Inc. : 


: LKY 


Lake States Div. of Rhlnelander Paper Co. 




CRN 


CPC International, Inc., Amerchol Corp. : 


: LMI 


North American Chemical Co. 




CRT 


Crest Chemical Corp. : 


: LUR 


Laurel Products Corp. 




CRZ 


Crown Zellerbach Corp. : 








CTL 


Continental Chemical Co. : 


: MAR 


American Can Co., Lignln Chemicals Div. 




CWP 


Consolidated Papers, Inc. : 


: MCP 


Moretex Chemical Products, Inc. 




CYL 


Cyclo Chemicals Corp. : 


: MIL 
: MIR 


Milliken & Co., Milliken Chemical Div. 
Miranol Chemical Co., Inc. 




DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. : 


MOA 


Mona Industrial, Inc. 




DAN 


Dan River, Inc., Chemical Products Div. : 


: MON 


Monsanto Co. 




DEX 


Dexter Chemical Corp. : 


: MRD 


Marden-Wlld Corp. 




DOW 


Dow Chemical Corp. : 


MRT 


Morton-Norwich Products, Inc., Morton Chemical 


DUP 


E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. : 




Co. Div. 




DYS 


Davles-Young Co. : 


: MRV 


Marlowe-Van Loan Corp. 




ECC 


Eastern Color & Chemical Co. : 


: NCC 


Nlacet Corp. 




EFH 


E.F. Houghton 4 Co. : 


: NCW 


Nostrlp Chemical Works, Inc. 





208 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 

TABLE 3. --Surface-active agents: Directory of manufacturers, 1981--Continued 



CODE 


: NAME OF COMPANY : 


: CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY 


NES 


Reutgers-Nease Chemical Co. : 


: SHX 


Sherex Chemical Co., Inc. 


NMC 


National Milling & Chemical Co. : 


: SID 


George F. Siddal Co., Inc. 


NPR 


Safeway Stores, Inc. : 


: SLC 


Soluol Chemical Co., Inc. 


NTL 


NL Industries, Inc. : 


: SLM 


Salem Oil 4 Grease Co. 






: SNW 


Sun Chemical Corp., Chemicals Div. 


OMC 


Olin Corp. : 


: SOC 


Standard Oil Co. of California, Chevron 


ONX 


Onyx Chemical Co. : 




Chemical Co. 


ORA 


M & T Chemicals, Inc. : 


: SOP 


Southern Chemical Products Co. 


ORO 


Chevron Chemical Co. : 


: SOS 


SSC Industries, Inc. 






: SPA 


Scott Paper Co. 


PC 


Proctor Chemical Co., Inc. : 


: STC 


American Hoechst Corp., Sou-Tex Works 


PEK 


Peck's Products Co. : 


: STP 


Stepan Chemical Co. 


PEL 


Pelron Corp. : 


: SVC 


Stokely-Van Camp, Inc., Industrial Products 


PG 


Procter & Gamble Co., Procter & Gamble Mfg. : 




Group 




Co. : 


: SYL 


Sylvachem Corp. 


PTL 


Pilot Chemical Co. : 


: SYT 


Synthron, Inc. 


PLX 


Plex Chemical Corp. : 






PNX 


Murphy-Phoenix Co. : 


: TCC 


Sybron Corp., Chemical Division/Tanatex 


PRX 


Purex Corp. : 


: TCH 


Emery Industries, Inc., Try Ion Div. 


PSP 


Georgia-Pacific Corp., Bellingham Div. : 


: TCI 


Morton-Norwich Products, Inc., Texize Div. 






: TEN 


Cities Service Co., Copperhill Operations 


QCP 


Quaker Chemical Corp. : 


: TMH 


Thompson Hayward Chemical Co. 






: TNA 


Ethyl Corp. 


RAY 


ITT Rayonler, Inc. : 


: TNI 


Gillette Co., Chemical Div. 


RBC 


Fike Chemicals, Inc. : 


: TX 


Texaco, Inc. 


RCD 


Richardson Co. : 






RH 


Rohm & Haas Co. : 


: UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 


ROB 


Robeco Chemicals, Inc. : 


: UDI 


Petrochemicals Co., Inc. 


RSA 


R.S.A. Corp. : 


: UNN 


United Chemical Corp. of Norwood 






: USR 


Uniroyal, Inc., Uniroyal Chemical Div. 


S 


Sandoz, Inc., Colors & Chemicals Div. : 






SBC 


Scher Chemicals, Inc. : 


: VAL 


Valchem Div. of United Merchants & 


SBP 


Sugar Beet Products Co. : 




Manufacturers, Inc. 


SCM 


SCM Corp., Organic Chemical Div. : 


: VND 


Van Dyk & Co., Inc. 


SCO 


Scholler, Inc. : 


: VPC 


Mobay Chemical Corp., Dyestuff Div. 


SCP 


Henkel Corp. : 






SDC 


Martin-Marietta Corp., Sodyeco Div. : 


: WAY 


Philip A. Hunt Chemical Corp., Organic 




Sterling Drug, Inc.: : 




Chemical Div. 


SDH 


Hilton Davis Chemical Co. Div. : 


: WBG 


White & Bagley Co. 


SDW 


Sterling Organics Div. : 


: WHI 


White & Hodges, Inc. 


SEA 


Seaboard Chemicals, Inc. : 


: WHW 


Whittemore-Wright Co., Inc. 


SFS 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Specialty Div. : 


WM 


American Can Co., Inolex Chemicals Co. 


SHC 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. : 


: WTC 


Witco Chemical Corp. 






: WVA 


Westvaco Corp., Polychemicals Dept. 



Note. — Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in table 1 of 
the appendix. The above codes identify those of the 176 reporting companies and company divisions for which 
permission to publish was not restricted. 



SECTION XIII -- PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS 209 

STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 
Edmund Cappuccilli 

Pesticides and related products include fungicides, herbicides, insec- 
ticides, rodenticides, and related products such as plant growth regulators, 
seed disinfectants, soil conditioners, soil fumigants, and synergists. The 
data are given in terms of 100 percent active materials; they exclude 
such materials as diluents, emulsifiers, and wetting agents. 

U.S. production of pesticides and related products in 1981 amounted to 
1,430 million pounds — 2.6 percent less than the 1,468 million pounds re- 
ported for 1980 (table 1). Sales in 1981 were 1,291 million pounds, a de- 
cline of 8.2 percent, as compared with 1,406 million pounds reported in 1980; 
the value of sales was $4,652 million in 1981, compared with $4,078 million 
in 1980 — an increase of 14.1 percent. 

The output of cyclic pesticides and related products amounted to 1,012 
million pounds in 1981 — 4.0 percent less than the 1,054 million pounds pro- 
duced in 1980. Sales in 1981 were 907 million pounds, valued at $3,504 
million, compared with 1,017 million pounds, valued at $3,080 million in 1980. 
Production of acyclic pesticides and related products in 1981 amounted to 418 
million pounds, compared with 414 million pounds reported for 1980. Sales in 
1981 were 383 million pounds compared with 389 million pounds reported in 1980; 
the value of sales were 1,148 million in 1981, compared with $999 million in 
1980 — an increase of 15.0 percent. 



See also table 2 which lists these products and identifies the manufacturers 



by codes. These codes are given in table 3. 



XIII -- PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS 



211 



TABLE 1. —Pesticides and related products: U.S. production and sales, 1981 

[Listed below are all pesticides and related products for which any reported data on production or sales may 
be published. (Leaders (...) are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be pub- 
lished or where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists all pesticides and related products for which data 
on production and/or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS 



PRODUCTION 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



Grand Total 

Benzenoid 

Nonbenzenoid 



CYCLIC 

Total 

Fungicides , total 

Naphthenic acid, copper salt 

All other cyclic fungicides 

Herbicides and plant growth regulators, total 

2 ,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid 

2 ,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, dimethylamine salt 

Dinitrobutylphenol 

All other cyclic herbicides 3 

Insecticides and rodenticides, total 

Organophosphorus insecticides'* 

All other cyclic insecticides and rodenticides 

ACYCLIC 

Total 

Fungicides , total 

Dithiocarbamic acid salts 6 

All other acyclic fungicides 

Herbicides and plant growth regulators 7 

Insecticides, rodenticides, soil conditioners and 

f umigants , total 

Organophosphorus insecticides 

Trichloronitromethane (Chloropicrin) 

All other acyclic insecticides, rodenticides, soil 
conditioners and fumigants 



1,000 
pounds 

1,430,075 



792,733 
637,342 



352 
116,664 



677,280 



12,916 

19,814 

11,623 

632,927 

218,133 



89,134 
128,999 



22,185 
3,474 



161,800 



230,187 



67,316 



1,000 
pounds 

1,290,641 



1,000 
dollars 



723,495 
567,146 



2,890,076 
1,762,306 



325 
118,005 

570,394 



7,221 

17,642 

8,818 

536,713 

218.641 



343 
321,872 



2,297,6 



7,489 

22,478 

12,255 

2,255,676 

883,773 



81,245 
137,396 



383,276 



311,880 
571,893 



1,148,496 



25,819 



40,877 



23,095 
2,724 



33,972 
6,905 



68,616 
5,661 



129,559 



267,009 
5,122 



Per 

pound 

S3. 61 



4.00 
3.11 



1.06 
2.74 



1.04 
1.27 
1.39 



1.47 
2.54 



Calculated from unrounded figures. 
2 Includes benomyl, captafol, captan, chlorothalonil, dinocap, DMTT, folpet, PCNB, PCP , PMA, sodium pentachloro- 
phenate, and others. 

'includes alachlor, atrazine, benefin, bensulide, other 2,4-D esters and salts, 2,4-DB, dicamba, dinitrophenol 
compounds, diuron, isopropyl phenylcarbamates (IPC and CIPC) , MCPA, molinate, NPA, picloram, propanil, triazines, 
trifluralin, uracils, plant growth regulators, and others. 

Includes carbophenothion , diazinon, dioxathion, methyl parathion, and other phosphorothioates and 
phosphorodithioates. 

5 Includes carbaryl, carbofuran, chlorinated insecticides (chlordan, chlorobenzilate , DDT, heptachlor, toxaphene, 
and others), insect attractants, DEET and other insect repellents, small amounts of rodenticides, and others, 
'includes maneb, nabam, and zineb, plus the remaining dithiocarbamates which are used chiefly as fungicides. 
Includes butylate, dalapon, EPTC, methanearsonic acid salts, thiocarbamates, and organophosphorus herbicides, 
and ethers. 



212 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 

Footnotes --Continued 

8 Includes acephate, DDVP, disulfoton, ethion, malathion, phorate, and other organophosphorus insect- 
icides. 

'includes methomyl, methyl bromide, soil conditioners and f umigants , aldicarb, small quantities of rodent- 
icides, and others. 

Note. — Does not include data for the insect fumigant, p-dichlorobenzene nor the fungicide, o-phenylphenol . 
These data are included in the section on "Cyclic Intermediates." It also does not include data for the fung- 
icides, dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt and dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt (i.e., ziram) . 
These data are included in the section on "Rubber-Processing Chemicals." The data for ethylene dibromide, a 
fumigant, are included in the "Miscellaneous End-Use Chemicals and Chemical Products" section. 



XIII -- PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS 



213 



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XIII -- PESTICIDES AND RELATED PRODUCTS 223 

TABLE 3.— Pesticides and related products: Directory of manufacturers, 1981 



ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of pesticides and related products to the U.S. 
International Trade Commission for 1981 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in 
table 2] 



CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY : 


: CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY 




ABB 


Abbott Laboratories : 


: MOT 


Motomoco, Inc. 




ACY 


American Cyanamid Co. : 


: MRK 


Merck & Co., Inc. 




AIC 


Albany International Corp. : 


: MRT 


Morton-Norwlck Products, Inc., Morton Chemlca 


1 


ALC 


Alco Chemical Corp. : 




Co. Div. 




ALP 


Alpha Laboratories, Inc. : 


: MTO 


Montrose Chemical Corp. of California 




AMC 


Amvac Chemical Corp. : 


MTP 


Mount Pleasant Chemical Co. 




ARA 


Araphoe Chemical, Inc., Sub/Syntec U.S.A., : 










Inc. : 


: NLO 


Niklor Chemical Co., Inc. 




BAS 


BASF Wyandotte Corp. : 


: OMC 


Olin Corp., Specialty Chemicals Dept. 




BHA 


Boots Hercules Agrochemlcals Co. : 








BKM 


Buckman Laboratories, Inc. : 


: PAS 
: PBI 


Pennwalt Corp. 
PBI-Gordon Corp. 




CCA 


Interstab Chemicals, Inc. : 


: PCW 


Pflster Chemical, Inc. 




CGY 


Ciba-Geigy Corp., Agricultural Div. : 


: PEN 


CPC International, Inc., Penick Div. 




CHF 


Kincaid Enterprises, Inc. : 


: PFZ 


Pfizer, Inc. 




CHG 


Mobay Chemical Corp., Agricultural Chemicals : 


: PLC 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 






Div. : 


: PPG 


PPG Industries, Inc. 




CLO 


Colorado Organic Chemical Co., Inc. : 








CLY 


W. A. Cleary Corp. : 


: RBC 


Flke Chemicals, Inc. 




COS 


Cosan Chemical Corp. : 


: RCI 


Relchhold Chemicals, Inc. 




CWN 


Upjohn Co., Fine Chemical Div. : 


: RDA 


Rhone-Poulenc, Inc. 




CYT 


Crystal Chemical Co. : 


: RH 
: RIV 


Rohm & Haas Co. 
Rlverdale Chemical Co. 




DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. & Diamond Shamrock : 










Agriculture Chemical, Inc., Phenoxy Plant : 


: S 


Sandoz Inc., Crop Protection Dept. 




DOW 


Dow Chemicals Co. : 


: SDC 


Martin-Marietta Corp., Sodyeco Div. 




DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. : 


: SFA 


Stauffer Chemical Co.: 
Agricultural Div. 




EFH 


E. F. Houghton & Co. : 


: SFC 
: SHC 


Calhlo Chemicals, Inc. 
Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 




FER 


Ferro Corp., Ferro Chemical Div. : 


: SM 


Mobil Oil Corp., Mobil Chemical Co., 




FMN 


FMC Corp., Agricultural Chemical Div. : 




Phosphorus Div. 




FMT 


Fairmount Chemical Co. : 


: SOC 


Standard Oil Co. of California, Chevron 




FRI 


Farmland Industries, Inc. : 




Chemical Co. 




FRO 


Vulcan Materials Co., Chemicals Div. : 


: SOL 


Southland Corp., Fine Chemicals Div. 




FSN 


BFC Chemicals Inc. : 


: TNA 


Ethyl Corp. 




GAF 


GAF Corp. : 


: TRO 


Troy Chemical Corp. 




GNW 


Greenwood Chemical Co. : 


: TUL 


Tull Chemical Co., Inc. 




GTH 


Guth Corp. : 








GTL 


Great Lakes Chemical Corp. : 


: UCC 
: USR 


Union Carbide Corp. 

Uniroyal, Inc., Unlroyal Chemical Div. 




IMC 


International Minerals & Chemicals Corp. : 


: VCC 


Vinings Chemical Co. 




LAK 


Bofors Nobel, Inc. & Lakeway, Inc. : 


: VEL 


Velslcol Chemical Corp. 




LIL 


Ell Lilly & Co. : 


: VGC 
: VIN 


Virginia Chemicals, Inc. 
Vlneland Chemical Co., Inc. 




MCI 


Mooney Chemical, Inc. : 


: VNC 


Vanderbilt Chemical Corp. 




MGK 


McLaughlin Gormley King Co. : 


: VTC 


Vertac Chemical Corp. 




MMM 


Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co. : 








MON 


Monsanto Co. : 


: WTC 


Wltco Chemical Corp. 





Note. — Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in table 1 of 
the appendix. The above codes identify those of the 85 reporting companies and company divisions for which 
permission to publish was not restricted. 



SECTION XIV -- MISCELLANEOUS END-USE CHEMICALS 225 

AND CHEMICAL PRODUCTS 



STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 
David G. Michels 



This section incorporates those end-use groups which are not readily 
classifiable within the prior sections of this report. Both cyclic and 
acyclic chemicals fall within this section. With the exception of meth- 
ionine and its salts, photographic chemicals, water soluble polymers, and 
tanning materials, both production and sales of all other end-use groups 
contained within this section decreased from 1980 levels. 

In 1981, the production of miscellaneous end-use chemicals exceeded 
22.1 billion pounds, a decrease of 6.1 percent from the more than 23.6 
billion pounds of production reported for 1980. Sales in 1981 totaled 
12.9 billion pounds, valued at $3.9 billion. The sales quantity decreased 
8.0 percent from that of 1980 with the value of sales increasing by 14 per- 
cent. Polymers for fibers and urea collectively accounted for 83 percent 
of the 1981 production of these miscellaneous end-use chemicals. Urea 
accounted for 73 percent of the 1981 sales quantity of these chemicals. 

In 1981, the production of lubricating oil and grease additives 
totaled 1.5 billion pounds, a decrease of 10 percent, compared with 1980. 
Total sales quantity for 1981 was 1.1 billion pounds, 7 percent less than 
the 1980 sales quantity of 1.2 billion pounds, while the value of sales in- 
creased 2.4 percent to $895 million. 

Production of fuel additives for 1981 totaled 1.4 billion pounds, a 
decrease of 5.2 percent from the previous year. Total sales quantity for 
1981 was 1.1 billion pounds, down 14 percent from the 1980 sales quantity 
of 1.3 billion pounds, with the sales value decreasing 4 percent to $669 
million. 



XIV -- MISCELLANEOUS END-USE CHEMICALS AND CHEMICAL PRODUCTS 



227 



TABLE 1,— Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products: 

SALES, 1981 



U.S. PRODUCTION AND 



[Listed below are all miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products for which any reported data on pro- 
duction or sales may be published. (Leaders (...) are used where the reported data are accepted in confi- 
dence and may not be published or where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists all miscellaneous end-use 
chemicals and chemical products for which data on production and/or sales were reported and identifies the 
manufacturers of each] 



MISCELLANEOUS END-USE CHEMICALS 
AND CHEMICAL PRODUCTS 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



Grand total 

Chelating agents, nitriloacids and salts, total 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid, penta- 

sodium salt 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid (EDTA) 

(Ethylenedinitrilo) tetraacetic acid, disodium 

copper salt, dihydrate 

(Ethylenedinitrilo) tetraacetic acid, disodium salt— 
(Ethylenedinitrilo) tetraacetic acid, manganese salt- 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetrasodium 

salt 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, trisodium salt- 
(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo) triacetic acid, 

iron salt 

(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo) triacetic acid, 

trisodium salt 

Nitrilo-tris-methylene triphosphonic acid, sodium 

salt 

All other 

Chemical indicators 

Enzymes, total 

Hydrolytic enzymes, total 

Amylases 

Proteases, total 

Rennin 

All other proteases 

All other hydrolytic enzymes 

Non-hydrolytic enzymes 

Flotation reagents 

Fuel additives, total 3 

N,N'-Disalicylidene-l,2-propanediamine 

Ethylenedibromide 

Methyl-t-butyl ether 

Tetraethyl lead 

Tetra(methyl-ethyl) lead, (TEL-TML, reacted) 

All other fuel additives 

Lubricating oil and grease additives, total 

Chlorosulfurized and sulfurized compounds 

Oil soluble petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt 

Oil soluble petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

Phenol salts, total 

Nonylphenol, barium salt 

All other 

Sulfur compounds 

Zinc dial kyldithio phosphate 

All other lubricating oil and grease additives 

Methionine and its salts 



1,000 
pounds 

22,158,278 



217,761 



6,604 
10,191 



1,187 
1,384 



5,337 



1,056 
110,043 



( 2 ) 



< 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 

6,200 



1,587 
168,588 
760,052 
274,890 
131,923 
67,977 



6,999 

244,165 

80,880 

126,297 

6,195 

120,102 

356,358 

28,487 

701,354 

82,806 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollar e 



10,080 
6,645 



71,417 
2,925 

1,520 

5,424 

100,517 

16 

( 2 ) 



( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 



208,939 
129,995 
771,059 

1,136,471 



6,007 

200,858 

75,978 

119,754 

119,754 

257,734 

10,231 

465,909 

74,435 



3,844 
7,177 



26,606 
3,212 



1,361 

3,175 



45,768 



39,042 

10,252 

20,931 

9,980 

10,951 

7,859 

6,726 

6,402 

668,611 



3,603 



277,236 
172,592 
215,180 

895,222 



5,296 

158,804 

42,503 

74,368 

74,368 

216,016 

9,842 

388,393 

98,840 



Per 

pound 



.37 
1.10 



52.20 
( 2 ) 



C) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 
( 2 ) 



1.33 

1.33 

.28 



.79 
.56 
.62 



.84 
.96 
.83 



See footnotes at end of table. 



228 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



TABLE 1, --Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products: 

SALES, 1981--CONTINUED 



U.S. PRODUCTION AND 



MISCELLANEOUS END-USE CHEMICALS 
AND CHEMICAL PRODUCTS 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



Paint driers, naphthenic acid salts, total 

Calcium naphthenate 

Cobalt naphthenate 

Lead naphthenate 

Manganese naphthenate 

Zinc naphthenate 

All other 

Photographic chemicals, total 

p-Diethylaminobenzenediazonium chloride 

p-Dimethylaminobenzenediazonium chloride 

All other photographic chemicals 

Polymers for fibers, total 

Nylon 6 and 6/6 

Polyacrylonitrile and acrylonitrile copolymers — 

Polyethylene terephthalate 

All other polymers for fiber 

Polymers, water soluble, total 

Cellulose ethers and esters 

Polyacrylamide 

Polyacrylic acid salts, total 

Sodium polyacrylate 

All other polyacrylic acid salts 

All other water soluble polymers 

Tanning materials, synthetic 

Textile chemicals, other than surface-active agent; 
total 

Dimethylolhydroxy ethylene urea 

Urea polymers with formaldehyde and methanol 

All other textile chemicals 

Urea, total 

In feed compounds 

In liquid fertilizer 

In solid fertilizer 

In plastics 

All other 

All other miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chem- 
ical products 



1,000 
pounds 



494 
2,146 

3,970 

1,345 
2,7 '47 



139 
126 



1,957,925 

615,226 

3,128,855 



335,140 



164,695 
76,082 
50,457 
28,021 
22,436 
43,906 

61,361 



6,308 
1,131 
4,974 

11,877,044 



315,580 
3,352,760 
7,841,870 

309,951 
56,883 



903,012 



1,000 
pounds 



8,446 



1,000 
do I lars 



496 
1,964 

4,127 
407 

1,199 
253 

1,849 



548 
8,473 
2,888 

399 
1,009 

311 

10,412 



135 

123 

1,591 



759 

648 

9,005 



274,409 
379,714 

286,536 



170,148 
481,297 



417,528 



157,976 
55,066 
35,352 
20,114 
15,238 
38,142 

53,137 



268,319 
63,834 
25,362 
7,239 
18,123 
60,013 

35,254 



4,151 
4,980 



2,862 
4,389 



289,661 
2,818,109 
5,968,004 

267,157 



73,408 



26,852 
272,200 
633,140 

24,252 



56,983 



Per 
pound 



$1.61 



1.10 

4.31 

.70 

.98 

.84 

1.23 

5.63 



5.62 
5.26 
5.66 



.62 
1.27 



1.46 



1.70 
1.16 
.72 
.36 
1.19 
1.57 

.66 



.78 



'Calculated from unrounded figures. 
2 Not available. 
Statistics exclude production and sales of tricresyl phosphate. Statistics on tricresyl phosphate are given 
with the section on "Plasticizers." 

Quantities are given on the basis of solid naphthenate. 

Statistics exclude production and sales of copper naphthenate. Statistics for copper naphthenate are given 
in the section on "Pesticides and Related Products." 

6 Includes all other items listed in table 2 which are not individually publishable or publishable as groups. 



XIV -- MISCELLANEOUS END-USE CHEMICALS AND CHEMICAL PRODUCTS 



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XIV - MISCELLANEOUS END-USE CHEMICALS AND CHEMICAL PRODUCTS 



237 



TABLE 3.— Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products: Directory of 

MANUFACTURERS, 1981 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of miscellaneous end-use chemicals to the U.S. 
International Trade Commission for 1981 are listed below In the order of their identification codes as used in 
table 2] 



NAME OF COMPANY 



NAME OF COMPANY 



Allied Corp., Allied Chemical Co. 

American Cyanamid Co. 

Agway, Inc., Olean Nitrogen Complex 

Arkansas Co., Inc. 

Alco Chemical Corp. 

Aldrich Chemical Co., Inc. 

Alliance Chemical Corp. 

Alox Corp. 

Atlas Powder Co. Sub. of Tyler Corp. 

USS Steel, Agri-Chemicals Dlv. 

Atlantic Richfield Co., Arco Chemical Co. 

Baker International-Magna Corp. 
Beckman Microblcs 

B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich Chemical 
Group 

Buckman Laboratories, Inc. 

Belzak Corp. 

Bison Nitrogen Products Co. 

Borden, Inc., Borden Chemical Div. 

Bristol-Meyers Co. 

Buckeye Cellulose Corp. 

Cominco American, Inc., Camex Operation 

Interstab Chemicals, Inc. 

C.N.C. Chemical Corp. 

Carstab Corp. 

Celanese Corp., Celanese Fibers Co. 

Cooperative Farm Chemicals Association 

CF Industries, Inc. 

Ciba-Geigy Corp. 

CHR. Hansen's Laboratory, Inc. 

N-ReN Corp., Cherokee Nitrogen Div. 

C. H. Patrick & Co., Inc. 
Chattem, Inc. 

Columbia Nitrogen Corp. 

Conoco. Inc. 

CPC International, Inc., Amerchol Corp. 

Crest Chemical Corp. 

Diamond Shamrock Corp. 

Dan River, Inc., Chemical Products Div. 

Dow Corning Corp. 

Degussa Corp. 

Dixie Chemical Co., Inc. 

Castle & Cooke, Inc., Castle & Cooke Foods, 

Hawaii Pineapple Dlv. 
Dow Chemical Co. 
E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co . , Inc. 

Eastman Kodak Co.: 

Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 
Elco Corp. Sub. of Detrex Chemical 

Industries, Inc. 
Emery Industries, Inc. 
Exxon Chemical Americas 
East Shore Chemical Co. 
Essex Industrial Chemicals, Inc., Essex 

Chemical Corp. 



FMT 
FND 
FOR 
FRF 



GBF 
GCC 

GCM 
GFS 
GLY 
GPC 
GPI 
GRD 
GTL 
GYR 

HCC 

HDG 

HKY 

HMP 

HN 

HPC 

HXL 



JFR 
KCU 



MAK 
MCI 
MIL 
MLS 
MMC 
MON 
MOR 
MRK 
MSC 
MYO 

NTL 

OMC 
OMS 
ONX 
0R0 



Ferro Corp. : 

Ferro Chemical Dlv. 

Keil Chemical Dlv. 
Falrmount Chemical Co., Inc. 
Fiber Industries, Inc. 
Formiso Plastics 
Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., Firestone 

Fibers & Textiles Co. 
Farmland Industries, Inc. 

GAF Corp. 

GBF Fermentation Industries, Inc. 

W. R. Grace & Co., Agricultural Chemicals 

Group, Memphis Plant 
Cardinal Chemical Co. 
G. Frederick Smith Chemical Co. 
Glyco, Inc. 

Grain Processing Corp. 
Goodpasture, Inc. 

W. R. Grace & Co . , Polymers & Chemical Div. 
Great Lakes Chemical Corp. 
Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 

Hatco Chemical Corp. 

Hodag Chemical Corp. 

Hawkeye Chemical Co. 

W. R. Grace & Co., Organic Chemicals Dlv. 

Tenneco Chemicals, Inc. 

Hercules, Inc. 

Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Chemical Products 

International Minerals & Chemicals Corp., IMC 
Chemicals Group 

George A. Jeffreys & Co., Inc. 

Kennecott Minerals Co., Utah Copper Div. 

Napp Chemicals, Inc. 

MAK Chemical Corp. 

Mooney Chemicals, Inc. 

Milllken & Co., Milllken Chemical Co. 

Miles Laboratories, Inc., Biotechnology Group 

EM Industries, Inc., EM Science Dlv. 

Monsanto Co. 

Marathon Morco , Co. 

Merck & Co . , Inc. 

Mississippi Chemical Corp. 

Mayo Chemicals Co. 

NL Industries, Inc. 

Olin Corp. 

E. R. Squibb & Sons, Inc. 
Onyx Chemical Corp. 
Chevron Chemical Co. 



238 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



TABLE 3. 



-Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products: 
manufacturers, 1981--continued 



Directory of 



CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY : 


: CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY 


PAR 


Pennzoil Co., Penreco Div. : 


: SOH 


VIstron Corp. 


PAS 


Pennwalt Corp. : 


: SPD 


General Electric Co., Silicone Products Dept. 


PFN 


Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc. : 


: SPR 


Scientific Protein Laboratories, Inc. 


PFZ 


Pfizer, Inc. : 


: SW 


Sherwin-Williams Co. 


PIC 


Pierce Chemical Co. : 


: SWS 


Stauffer Chemical Co., SWS Silicones Div. 


PLB 


P-L Biochemicals , Inc. • 


: SYT 


Synthron, Inc. 


PLC 


Phillips Petroleum Co. : 






PMP 


Premier Malt Products, Inc. : 


: TER 


Terra Chemicals International, Inc. 


PPG 


PPG Industries, Inc. : 


: TER 


Terra Nitrogen, Inc. 


PTT 


Petro-Tex Chemical Corp. : 


: TNA 


Ethyl Corp. 






: TRI 


Triad Chemical 


QCP 


Quaker Chemical Corp. : 


: TRO 


Troy Chemical Corp. 






: TVA 


Tennessee Valley Authority 


RH 


Rohm & Haas Co. : 


: TX 


Texaco, Inc. 


RPC 


Millmaster Onyx Group, Kewanee Industries, : 








Inc. '• 


: UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 


RSA 


R.S.A. Corp. : 


: UOC 


Union Oil Co. of California, Union Chemicals 
Div. 


S 


Sandoz, Inc., Colors & Chemicals Div. : 


: UPJ 


Upjohn Co. 


SCP 


Henkel Corp. : 


: USR 


Uniroyal, Inc., Uniroyal Chemical Div. 


SFA 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Agricultural Div. : 






SHC 


Shell Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. : 


: VLN 


Simcal Chemical Co. 


SHP 


Shepherd Chemical Co. : 






SKP 


Shakespeare Co., Monofilaments Div. : 


: WAY 


Phillip A. Hunt Chemical Corp., Organic 


SM 


Mobil Oil Corp.: : 




Chemical Div. 




Mobil Chemical Co.: : 


: WBC 


Worthington Diagnostic Div. of Millipore Corp. 




Chemical Coatings Div. : 


: WBG 


White & Bagley Co. 




Phosphous Div. : 


: WLC 


Agrico Chemical Co. 


SMP 


J.R. Simplot Co., Minerals & Chemical Div. : 


: WTC 


Witco Chemical Co. 


SNI 


Kaiser Aluminum & Chemicals Corp., Kaiser : 
Agricultural Chemicals Div. : 


: WYC 


Wycon Chemical Co. 



Note. — Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in table 1 of 
the appendix. The above codes Identify those of the 152 reporting companies and company divisions for which 
permission to publish was not restricted. 



SECTION XV -- MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 239 



STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS 
Kenneth J. Conant, III and David G. Michels 



The term miscellaneous chemicals as it is used here comprises those 
synthetic organic products that are not included in the use groups covered 
by sections I-XIV of this report. They include products that are employed 
in a great variety of uses. The number of chemicals used extensively for 
only one purpose is not large. Among the products covered are those used 
for refrigerants, aerosols, solvents, and a wide range of chemical inter- 
mediates. 

U.S. production of miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals in 1981 
amounted to 95.0 billion pounds, an increase of 0.7 percent, compared with 
production in 1980. U.S. sales for 1981 totaled 36.1 billion pounds, valued 
at $11.7 billion. Compared with 1980, sales quantity decreased 0.2 percent, 
while sales value increased by 0.6 percent. Production of miscellaneous 
cyclic chemicals comprised only 2.5 percent of this section's total 
production. 

The group among miscellaneous acyclic chemicals with the greatest vol- 
ume of production and sales is the halogenated hydrocarbons. Production of 
chlorinated hydrocarbons (not otherwise halogenated) , the largest segment of 
this group, decreased from 22.9 billion pounds in 1980 to 22.0 billion pounds 
in 1981, or by 4.3 percent. Sales of chlorinated hydrocarbons declined from 
7.5 billion pounds in 1980 to 7.0 billion pounds in 1981, or by 7.0 percent. 
Production of fluorinated hydrocarbons increased in 1981. 



XV -- MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC 



ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 



241 



TABLE 1.— Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1981 

[Listed below are all miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals for which any reported data on production or 
sales may be published. (Leaders (...) are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may 
not be published or where no data were reported.) Table 2 lists all miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chem- 
icals for which data on production and/or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturers of each] 



MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 



SALES 



QUANTITY 



Grand total 

CYCLIC 

Total 

Benzoic acid, sodium salt 

Benzoyl peroxide 

Caprolactam 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol (BHT) : 

Food grade 

Tech. grade 

Dioxane 

Furan derivatives, all other 

Hexamethylenetetramine, tech. grade 

Maleic anhydride 

a-Pinene 

B-Pinene 

Tall oil, chemically modified 

Terpene hydrocarbons, monocyclic (Solvenol) 

All other miscellaneous cyclic chemicals 

ACYCLIC 

Total 

NITROGENOUS COMPOUNDS 

Total 

Amides, total 

Acrylamide 

All other amides 

Amines, total** 1 

Butylamines, total 

n-Butylamine, mono- 

Di-n-butylamine 

Tri-n-butylamine 

All other butylamines 

n-Butylethylamine 

DIethylamine 

Diisopropylamine 

Di-n- propylamine 

1,6-Hexanediamine (Hexamethylenediamine) 

Isopropylamine, mono- 

Methylamines, total 

Dimethylamine 

Methylamine, mono- 

Trimethylamine 

Triethylamine 

All other 

2-Diethylaminoethyl methacrylate 

2-Dimethylaminoethanol (N,N-Dimethylethanolamine) 



1,000 
pounds 



18,010 

7,130 

927,881 

7,714 
9,217 

99 

92,111 

293,185 

102,648 

45,061 

1,289 

51,954 

824,434 



92,658,396 



292,765 



81,469 
211,296 

1,469,945 



57,010 
2,278 
6,279 
1,134 

47,319 

15,932 

5,371 

26,439 

44,474 
160,201 
77,538 
48,106 
34,557 
16,084 
,144,434 

926 
11,801 



1,000 
pounds 



36,082,863 



1,000 
dollars 



11,744,402 



1,062,456 



16,132 
7,027 



8,502 

8,402 

7,434 

69 

37,671 

217,052 

3,276 

3,298 

31,042 
722,551 



11,573 
20,603 



10,077 

13,975 

6,020 

147 

14,956 

91,363 

1,103 

1,920 

8,938 
808,911 



10.754,816 



109,705 



95,351 



493,831 



95,351 
385,911 



50,879 

5,346 

917 

44,616 

1,628 

6,839 



33,220 
47,416 
95,985 
67,138 

28,847 

13,333 

244,531 



9,444 



37,406 

4,700 
1,129 
31,577 
1,909 
5,673 



34,325 
24,431 
44,157 
31,385 

12,772 

13,027 

224,983 



See footnotes at end of table. 



242 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



TABLE 1, --Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: 
and sales, 1981— Continued 



U.S. PRODUCTION 



MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 



PRODUCTION 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



ACYCLIC— Continued 

NITROGENOUS COMPOUNDS— Continued 

Dimethylamino ethyl methacrylate 

Dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate, methyl chloride, 
qual ternary salt 

Ethanolamines, total 

2,2' -Aminodiethanol (Diethanolamine) 

2-Aminoethanol (Monoethanolamine) 

2,2' ,2' '-Nitrilotriethanol (Triethanolamine) 

Nitriles, total 

Acetonitrile 

Aery lonit rile 

2-Methyllactonitrile (Acetone cyanohydrin) 

Nitriles, all other 

All other nitrogenous compounds 

ACIDS, ACYL HALIDES, AND ANHYDRIDES 

Total 

Acetic acid, recovered 

Acetic acid, synthetic, 100% 

Acetic anhydride, 100% 

Acrylic acid 

Adipic acid 

Dodecenyl succinic anhydride 

Fumaric acid 

Propionic acid 

All other acids, acyl halides, and anhydrides 

SALTS OF ORGANIC ACIDS 

Total 

Acetic acid salts, total 

Magnesium acetate 

Potassium acetate 

Sodium acetate 

Sodium diacetate 

Zinc acetate 

All other 

Calcium neodecanoate 

Calcium propionate 

2-Ethylhexanoic acid (a-Ethylcaproic acid) salts, 

total 

Calcium 2-ethylhexanoate 

Cobalt 2-ethylhexanoate 

Lead 2-ethylhexanoate 

Manganese 2-ethylhexanoate 

Zinc 2-ethylhexanoate 

Zirconium 2-ethylhexanoate 

All other 

Maleic acid salts 

Oxalic acid salts 

Sodium formate 

Sodium propionate 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 

pounds 

2,846 

432 

428.868 



150,362 
150,367 
128,139 

4,084,403 



70,825 

1,996,385 

1,091,116 

926,077 

1,175,098 



4,477,012 
2,705,109 

560,280 

5,227 

35,209 

90,325 

4,283,915 



19,233 

1,874 

594 

8,683 



14,131 



1,787 
2,441 
1,194 
871 
1,089 
2,484 
4,265 

619 

399 

70,125 

3,862 



1,000 

pounds 



381,729 



1,000 
dollars 

4,032 

613 

162,830 



130,138 
134,217 
117,374 



645,325 

45,062 

166,033 



450,466 

114,161 
79,279 

155,607 

5,033 

25,408 

58,909 

832,020 



264,499 



27,072 



77 

3,407 

17,710 

1,675 

48 2 

3,721 

73 



12,096 



1,705 
2,251 
1,199 
807 
758 
2,309 
3,067 

564 
394 



56,160 
55,546 
51,124 



219,001 
12,219 
24,382 



79,112 
35,876 
35,994 
81,258 
5,175 
13,873 
16,205 
418,195 



19,443 



120 

2,399 

7,911 

761 

623 

7,629 

120 



28,128 



1,817 
11,075 

1,229 
801 
847 

5,197 

7,162 

2,504 
737 



Per 

pound 



$1.78 
1.42 



.18 
.31 
.45 
.52 
1.03 
.55 
.28 
.51 



.72 



1.55 

.70 

.45 

.45 

1.29 

2.05 

1.63 



2.33 



1.07 
4.92 
1.03 
.99 
1.12 
2.25 
2.34 

4.44 



XV -- MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 



243 



TABLE 1.— Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production 

AND SALES, 1981--CONTINUED 



MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 



PRODUCTION 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



ACYCLIC— Continued 

SALTS OF ORGANIC ACIDS— Continued 

Stearic acid salts, total 3 

Aluminum distearate 

Aluminum mono- and tristearates 

Ammonium stearate 

Barium stearate 

Calcium stearate 

Magnesium stearate 

Zinc stearate 

All other 

All other salts of organic acids 

ALDEHYDES 

Total 

Butyraldehyde 

Formaldehyde (37% by weight) 

Isobutyraldehyde 

Proprionaldehyde 

All other '• 

KETONES 

Total 

Acetone: 

From cumene 

From isopropyl alcohol 

2-Butanone (Methyl ethyl ketone) 

4-Hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone (Diacetone alcohol)- 

A-Methyl-2-pentanone (Methyl isobutyl ketone) 

4-Methyl-3-penten-2-one (Mesityl oxide) 

All other 

ALCOHOLS, MONOHYDRIC, UNSUBSTITUTED 

Total 

Alcohols, Cn or lower, unmixed, total 

Butyl alcohols, total 

n-Butyl alcohol (n-Propylcarbinol) 

Isobutyl alcohol (Isopropylcarbinol) 

All other 

Ethyl alcohol, synthetic 

2-Ethyl-l-hexanol 

n-Hexyl alcohol 

Isopropyl alochol 

Methanol , synthetic 

Propyl alcohol (Propanol) 

All other 

Alcohols, C12 and higher, unmixed 

Mixtures of alcohols, total 

Cn or lower only 

C12 or higher only 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 



99,637 



1,243 
809 

4,118 

1,026 
45,827 
14,927 
23,251 

8,436 

104,247 



8,291,707 



1,004,383 

5,720,678 

303,142 

225,700 

1,037,804 



1,546,877 
597,172 
610,964 

217,953 

298,699 



14,935,152 



2,225,261 

808,890 

141,955 

1,274,416 

1,317,185 

389,061 

50,112 

1,669,104 

8,576,597 

154,044 

553,788 

182,022 



112,712 

512,720 

37,317 



1,000 
pounds 



93,798 



1,000 
dollars 



76,260 



1,239 
992 

2,752 

1,022 
44,539 
13,468 
21,669 

8,117 

130,502 



1,495 

3,323 

2,794 

963 

29,088 

11,327 

19,215 

8,055 

107,034 



1,848,506 

10,117 

10,716 

338,169 



144,443 
2,424 
3,089 

134,888 



687,268 



1,302,775 

313,648 

584,689 

23,599 

148,514 

11,609 

83,158 



8,905,057 



276,147 
80,041 

209,394 

10,620 

62,950 

6,252 

41,864 



8.336,093 



1,320,949 
426,772 

894,177 
1,255,364 

227,884 

26,105 

1,025,034 

4,129,085 

108,740 

242,932 

73,883 



289,067 
123,093 

165,974 

348,525 

84,480 

11,747 

261,453 

389,457 

36,622 

108,857 

50,291 



126,524 
325,608 
42,949 



62,247 

182,010 

17,266 



Per 

pound 



See footnotes at end of table. 



im 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



TABLE 1.— Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production 

AND SALES, 1981— CONTINUED 



MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 



PRODUCTION 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



ACYCLIC— Continued 

ESTERS OF MONOHYDRIC ALCOHOLS 

Total 

Butyl acetates: 

n-Butyl acetate 

Isobutyl acetate 

Butyl aery late 

tert-Butyl peroxy acetate 

tert-Butyl peroxy-2-ethylhexanoate 

tert-Butyl peroxyisopropyl carbonate 

tert-Butyl peroxypivalate 

Di(2-ethyl-l-hexyl) maleate 

Dilauryl-3 , 3 ' -thlodipropionate 5 

Distearyl-3 , 3 ' -thiodlpropionate 

Ethyl acetate (85%) 

Ethyl aery late 

2-Ethyl-l-hexyl aery late 

Fatty acid esters, not included with plasticizers 

or surface-active agents, total 

Myristyl myristate 

All other 

Methyl methacrylate 

Phosphorus acid esters, not elsewhere specified 

Propyl acetate 

Vinyl acetate 

All other 

POLYHYDRIC ALCOHOLS 

Total 6 

1,4-Butanediol 

Ethylene glycol 

Glycerol, synthetic only 7 

Pent aery thritol 

Propylene glycol 

Sorbitol (70% by weight) 

All other 

POLYHYDRIC ALCOHOL ESTERS 
Total 

POLYHYDRIC ALCOHOL ETHERS 

Total 

2-Butoxyethanol 

2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol mono- 
butyl ether) 

2-[2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene 

glycol monobutyl ether) 

Diethylene glycol 

Dipropylene glycol 

2-Ethoxyethanol 



1,000 



5,048,813 



124,457 

67,287 

318,701 

626 

2,020 

1,762 

1,493 

2,823 

2,331 

277,066 

283,465 

64,666 



566 
22,923 

891,149 

78,409 

54,515 

1,935,680 

918,874 



157,415 
4,142,740 

118,297 
472,778 
211,670 

447,083 



1,793,031 



226,932 

50,234 

7,840 

364,023 

46,673 

205,598 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



102,162 
42,417 
149,168 

1,959 
14 



2,804 

2,609 

162,096 

148,289 

54,626 



23,284 



41,056 
14,897 
73,289 

7,220 
112 



4,807 

3,062 

46,076 

66,475 

31,158 



513 
22,771 

276,270 
70,178 
52,263 

1,449,023 



800 
13,616 

149,074 
80,194 
21,477 

636,355 



1,241,382 



2,485,428 
156,804 
106,894 
439,205 
167,641 
217,071 



149,771 



685,931 
99,090 
66,184 

166,814 
86,279 

137,084 



1,230,984 



497,415 



39,657 

2,649 

238,892 

43,790 

85,614 



85,004 

17,416 

1,268 
57,377 
14,477 
35,103 



Per 

pound 



$0.47 



.40 
.35 
.49 

3.69 
8.19 



1.71 

1.17 

.28 

.45 

.57 



.54 

1.14 

.41 



.28 
.63 
.62 
.38 
.51 
.63 



See footnotes at end of table. 



XV 



MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 



245 



TABLE 1. 



-Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: 
and sales, 1981--Continued 



U.S. production 



MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE = VALUE' 



ACYCLIC— Continued 

POLYHYDRIC ALCOHOL ETHERS— Continued 

2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol mono- 
ethyl ether) 

2-[2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Trie thy lene 

glycol monoethyl ether) 

2-Methoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether) 
2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol mono- 
methyl ether) 

2-[2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Trie thy lene 

glycol monomethyl ether) 

Polyethylene glycol 

Polypropoxy ethers 

Polypropylene glycol 

Tetraethylene glycol 

Trie thy lene glycol 

All other 

HALOOENATED HYDROCARBONS 

Total 

Chlorinated hydrocarbons, total 

Carbon tetrachloride 

Chlorinated paraffins (Cjo-Cjo): 

35%-64% chlorine 

65% or more chlorine 

Chloroethane (Ethyl chloride) 

Chloroform 

Chloromethane (Methyl chloride) 

1,2-Dichloroethane (Ethylene dichloride) 

Dichloromethane (Methylene chloride) 

Tetrachloroethylene (Perchloroethylene) 

1,1,1-Trichloroethane (Methyl chloroform) 

Trichloroethylene 

Vinyl chloride, monomer (Chloroethylene) 

All other chlorinated hydrocarbons 

Chlorodif luoromethane (F-22) 

Dichlorodif luoromethane (F-12) 

Trichlorof luoromethane (F-ll) 

All other halogenated hydrocarbons 

ALL OTHER MISCELLANEOUS ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 

Total 

2-Butanone peroxide 

Carbon disulfide 

Epoxides, ethers, and acetals, total 

Ethylene oxide 

All other epoxides, ethers, and acetals 

Hydrocarbons, not elsewhere specified 

Organo-tin compounds 

Pine oil, synthetic 

Phosgene (Carbonyl chloride) 

Silicone fluids 



1,000 



14,698 
93,397 

28,555 

26,740 
76,566 
12,202 
24,700 
23,255 
119,607 
440,311 



22,009,046 



726,481 

76,087 

18,572 

324,275 

405,246 

405,259 

9,973,553 

592,043 

690,815 

613,993 

258,182 

6,873,592 

1,050,948 



251,719 
325,479 
162,716 
271,676 



5,131 

387,742 



4,936,548 
2,127,714 



26,451 

44,296 

1,116,757 

252,275 



1,000 
pounds 

23,670 

88,743 
23,833 



78,614 
10,260 
16,274 
19,371 
106,150 
237,811 



7,778,054 



1,000 
do I tars 



30,642 
9,315 



40,798 
9,781 
8,707 
9,938 

45,361 
122,847 



1,852,305 



7,007,100 



385,619 

78,800 
13,580 
145,069 
387,747 
190,504 
844,869 
372,901 
557,659 
625,658 
243,759 
3,045,395 
115,540 

164,132 
294,313 
134,615 
177,894 



1,898,672 



1,273,849 



48,785 

29,867 
7,649 
61,061 
86,728 
33,318 
68,684 
82,438 
89,069 

159,706 
48,450 

503,729 
54,365 

179,353 

177,567 

66,474 

155,062 



5,183 
293,798 



1,311,870 



10,505 
41,274 



396,170 



343,973 
967,897 

4,946 

46,361 

70,789 



116,526 
279,644 

5,548 

25,577 

157,919 



See footnotes at end of table. 



246 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



TABLE 1. —Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production 

AND SALES, 1981— CONTINUED 



MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 



PRODUCTION 



QUANTITY 



UNIT 
VALUE 1 



ACYCLIC— Continued 

ALL OTHER MISCELLANEOUS ACYCLIC CHEMICALS— Continued 

Sodium methoxide (Sodium methylate) 

All other miscellaneous acyclic chemicals 

MIXTURES NOT SPECIFICALLY ITEMIZED 

Total 



1,000 
pounds 



16,018 
595,465 



245.741 



1,000 
pounds 



15,491 
150,234 



194,687 



1,000 
dollars 



10,442 
269,271 



105,917 



Per 

pound 



$0.67 
1.79 



.54 



'Calculated from rounded figures. 

2 Statistics exclude production and sales of fatty amines. Statistics on fatty amines are included in the sec- 
tion "Surface-Active Agents." 

* Statistics exclude production and sales of potassium and sodium stearates. Statistics on these stearates are 
included in the section "Surface-Active Agents." 

"Statistics for production of specially denatured alcohol, 209,852,956 wine gallons, and completely denatured 
alcohol, 20,442,774 wine gallons, for calendar year 1981 are compiled from data supplied by the Bureau of Alcohol, 
Tobacco, and Firearms. Production of ethyl alcohol for fuel use is estimated to have been 700 million gallons in 
1981. 

5 The production data for 1980 were overstated. 

b Some polyols which are used as intermediates for urethanes have been included in the section "Plastics and 
Resin Materials." 

7 1981 production of glycerol, both natural and synthetic, was 280 million pounds, as reported by the U.S. Depart- 
ment of Commerce. 



XV -- MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 



247 



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274 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



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275 



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276 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



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XV - MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 



277 



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278 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



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XV - MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 



279 



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280 



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XV -- MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 



281 



TABLE 3. --Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: Directory of 

MANUFACTURERS, 1981 

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of manufacturers that reported production and/or sales of miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals to the 
U.S. International Trade Commission for 1981 are listed below In the order of their Identification codes as used in 
table 21 



CODE 


: NAME OF COMPANY : 


: CODE 


: NAME OF COMPANY 


AAC 


Alcolac, Inc. : 


: CHP 


C. H. Patrick & Co., Inc. 


ABB 


Abbott Laboratories : 


: CHT 


Chattem, Inc. 


ACS 


Allied Corp., Allied Chemicals Co. : 


: CIN 


Stockhausen, Inc. 


ACY 


American Cyanamld Co. : 


: CLC 


Callery Chemical Co. Div. of Mine Safety 


ADC 


Anderson Development Co. : 




Appliances Co. 


AFP 


Allied Corp., Fibers & Plastics Co. Div. : 


: CLK 


Clark Oil & Refining Corp. 


AGC 


Alberta Gas Chemicals, Inc. : 


: CLN 


Clinton Corn Processing Co. Sub. of Nabisco 


AIP 


Air Products & Chemicals, Inc. : 




Products Co. 


ALB 


Ames Laboratories, Inc. : 


: CMP 


Commercial Products Co., Inc. 


ALD 


Aldrich Chemical Co., Inc. : 


: CNI 


Frye Copysys terns, Inc., Conap Div. 


ALI 


Associated Lead, Inc. : 


: CNP 


Nipro Inc. 


ALM 


Allemanla Chemical Co. : 


: CO 


Conoco, Inc. 


ALX 


Alox Corp. : 


: COC 


Columbia Organic Chemicals Co., Inc. 


AMB 


American Bio-Synthetics Corp. : 


: COS 


Cosan Chemical Corp. 


AMD 


Cyclo Chemicals Corp. : 


: CPS 


CPS Chemical Co. 


AMD 


Standard Oil Co. (Indiana) : 


: CRN 


CPC International, Inc., Amerchol Corp. 


ARA 


Arapahoe Chemicals, Inc., Sub/Syntex U.S.A., : 


: CRZ 


Crown Zellerbach Corp. 




Inc. : 


: CWN 


Upjohn Co., Fine Chemical Div. 


ARC 


Armak Co., Industrial Chemical Div. : 


: CXI 


Chemical Exchange Industries, Inc. 


ARS 


Arsynco, Inc. : 


: CYL 


Cyclo C.iemicals Corp. 


ARZ 


Arizona Chemical Co. : 


: CYR 


CYRO Industries, Inc. 


ASH 


Ashland Oil , Inc. : 






ASL 


The Ansul Co. : 


: DA 


Diamond Shamrock Corp. 


ATL 


Atlantic Chemical Corp. : 


: DAN 


Dan River, Inc., Chemical Products Div. 


ATR 


Atlantic Richfield Co., Arco Chemical Co. : 


: DBC 


Badische Co. 


AZT 


Dart & Kraft, Inc., Aztec Chemicals Div. : 


: DCC 


Dow Corning Corp. 






: DFW 


Deepwater Chemical Co., Ltd. 


BAK 


Baker International - Magna Corp. : 


: DIX 


Dixie Chemical Co., Inc. 


BAS 


BASF Wyandotte Corp. : 


DKA 


Denka Chemical Corp. 


BCC 


Buffalo Color Corp. : 


: DOM 


Dominion Products 


BFG 


B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich Chemical : 


: DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. 




Group : 


: DRC 


Dock Resins Corp. 


BKC 


J. T. Baker Chemical Co. : 


: DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. 


BKL 


Mlllmaster Onyx Group, Millmaster Chemical Co. : 


: DVC 


Dover Chemical Corp. Sub. of ICC Industries, 




Div. : 




Inc. 


BKM 


Buckman Laboratories, Inc. : 






BLM 


Balchem Corp. : 


: EFH 


E. F. Houghton & Co. 


BOC 


Biocrafts, Inc. : 


: EHC 


EthiChem Corp. 


BOR 


Borden Co., Borden Chemical Div. 


: EK 


Eastman Kodak Co.: 


BRD 


Lonza , Inc. : 


: EKT 


Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 


BUC 


Synalloy Corp., Blackman-Uhler Chemicals Div. : 


: EKX 


Texas Eastman Co. Div. 


BUK 


Buckeye Cellulose Corp. : 


EMR 


Emery Industries, Inc. 






: ENJ 


Exxon Chemical Americas 


CAD 


Noury Chemical Corp. : 


: ESX 


Essex Industrial Chemicals, Inc., Essex 


CAU 


Calcasieu Chemical Corp. : 




Chemical Corp. 


CBD 


Chembond Corp. : 


EVN 


W.R. Grace & Co., Organic Chemicals Div., 


CBY 


Crosby Chemicals, Inc. : 




Evans Chemetics 


CCA 


Interstab Chemicals, Inc. : 






ccc 


C.N.C. Chemical Corp. : 


: FER 


Ferro Corp. : 


CCL 


Catawba-Charlab, Inc. : 




Ferro Chemical Div. 


CCW 


Carstab Corp. : 




Grant Chemical Div. 


CEL 


Celanese Corp.: : 




Keil Chemical Div. 




Celanese Chemical Co., Inc. : 


: FKE 


Frank Enterprises, Inc. 




Celanese Fibers Co. : 




FMC Corp.: 




Celanese Plastics & Specialties Co. : 


FMB 


Industrial Chemical Group 


CGY 


Ciba-Geigy Corp. : 


FMB 


Specialty Chemicals Group 


CHG 


Mobay Chemical Corp., Agricultural Chemicals : 


: FMP 


Industrial Chemical Group 




Div. : 


: FMT 


Falrmount Chemical Co., Inc. 


CHL 


Chemol, Inc. : 


: FOC 


Handschy Industries, Inc., Farac Oil & 
Chemical Div. 



282 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



TABLE 3.— Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: 

MANUFACTURERS, 1981— CONTINUED 



Directory of 



CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY : 


: CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY 




FRE 


Freeman Chemical Corp. : 


: NCC 


Niacet Corp. 




FRO 


Vulcan Materials Co., Chemicals Div. : 


: NCI 


Union Camp Corp., Terpenes & Aromatics 


Div. 


FTE 


Foote Mineral Co. 


: NES 


Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co. 




FTX 


Finetex, Inc. : 


: NEV 
: NOC 


Neville Chemical Co. 

Norac Co., Inc. and Mathe Div. 




GAF 


GAF Corp. : 


: NTB 


National Biochemical Co. 




GAN 


Gane's Chemicals, Inc. : 


: NTL 


NL Industries, Inc. 




GCM 


Cardinal Chemical Co. : 


: NWP 


Northern Petrochemicals Co. 




GE 


General Electric Co. : 








GIV 


Givaudan Corp. : 


: OH 


Airco, Inc., Ohio Medical Products Div 




GLY 


Glyco, Inc. : 


: OMC 


Olin Corp. 




GP 


Georgia-Pacific Corp.: : 


: ORA 


M i T Chemicals, Inc. 






Plaquemine Div. : 


: 0R0 


Chervon Chemical Co. 






Resins Operations : 


: ORT 


Roehr Chemicals, Inc. 




GRD 


W. R. Grace & Co., Polymers & Chemical Div. : 








GTL 


Great Lakes Chemical Corp. : 


: PAC 


Pacific Anchor Chemical Corp. 




GYR 


Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. : 


: PAS 
: PD 


Pennwalt Corp. 
Warner-Lambert Co. 




HAL 


C.P. Hall Co. : 


: PEL 


Pelron Corp. 




HCF 


Hercofina : 


: PEN 


CPC International, Inc., Penick Corp. 




HCP 


Honig Chemical & Processing Corp. : 


: PFN 


Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc. 




HDG 


Hodag Chemical Corp. : 


: PFZ 


Pfizer, Inc. & Pfizer Pharmaceuticals, 


Inc. 


HEX 


Hexagon Laboratories, Inc. : 


: PG 


Procter & Gamble Co., Procter & Gamble 




HFT 


Syntex Agribusiness, Inc. : 




Manufacturing Co. 






Hooker Chemical Corp.: : 


: PIC 


Pierce Chemical, Inc. 






Hooker Chemicals & Plastics Corp.: : 


: PLC 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 




HK 


Industrial Chemicals Group : 


: PLS 


Plastics Engineering Co. 




HKD 


Durez Div. : 


: PMP 


Premier Malt Products, Inc. 




HLI 


Onyx Chemical Co. : 


: PPG 


PPG Industries, Inc. 




HML 


Hummel Chemical Co. : 


: PST 


Perstorp, Inc. 




HMP 


W. R. Grace & Co., Organic Chemicals Div. : 


: PUB 


Publicker Industries, Inc. 




HMY 


Humphrey Chemical Co. : 








HN 


Tenneco Chemicals, Inc. : 


: QKO 


Quaker Oaks Co . 




HPC 


Hercules, Inc. : 








HRT 


Hart Products Corp. : 


: RBC 


Fike Chemicals, Inc. 




HSH 


Harshaw Chemical Co. t 


: RCI 


Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 




HXL 


Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Chemical Products : 


: RCN 

: RDA 


Racon, Inc. 
Rhone-Poulenc, Inc. 




ICI 


ICI Americas, Inc. & Chemical Specialties : 


: REG 


Regis Chemical Co. 






Group : 


: REH 


Reheis Chemical Co. Div. of Armour 




IMC 


International Minerals & Chemicals Corp., : 




Pharmaceutical Co. 






IMC Chemical Group : 


: REM 


Remington Arms Co., Inc. 




IOC 


Sybron Chemical Div. of Sybron Corp. : 


: RH 


Rohm & Haas Co. 








: RPC 


Millmaster Onyx Group, Kewanee Industr 


les 


KAI 


Kaiser Aluminum & Chemical Corp., Kaiser : 




Inc. 






Chemical Div. : 


: RSA 


R.S.A. Corp. 




KCH 


Joseph Ayers, Inc. : 


: RUC 


Rubicon Chemicals, Inc. 




KF 


Kay-Fries Inc., Member Dynamit Nobel Group : 








KLM 


Kalama Chemical, Inc. : 


: S 


Sandoz, Inc., Colors & Chemicals Div. 




KPT 


Koppers Co., Inc. '• 


: SAR 
: SBC 


Leski, Inc. 

Scher Chemicals, Inc. 




LCP 


LCP Chemicals - West Virginia, Inc. : 


: SCM 


SCM Corp. : 




LEM 


Napp Chemicals, Inc. : 




Organic Chemicals Div. 




LIL 


Eli Lilly & Co. : 


: SCP 


PCR, Inc. 
Henkel Corp. 




MAL 


Malllnckrodt , Inc. '• 


: SDC 


Martin-Marietta Corp., Sodeyco Div. 




MCB 


Borg-Warner Corp., Borg-Warner Chemicals : 




Sterling Drug, Inc.: 




Ma 


Mooney Chemicals, Inc. : 


: SDH 


Hilton Davis Chemical Co. Div. 




MHI 


Thlokol Corp., Ventron Div. : 


: SDW 


Sterling Organlcs Div. 




MIL 


Milliken & Co., Milliken Chemical Co. : 




Stauffer Chemical Co.: 




MLS 


Mile9 Laboratories, Inc. Biotechnology Group : 


: SFA 


Agricultural Div. 




MMC 


EM Industries, Inc., EM Science Div. : 


: SFC 


Calhio Chemicals, Inc. 




MNO 


Monochem, Inc. : 


: SFI 


Industrial Div. 




MOB 


Mobay Chemial Corp., Pittsburgh Div. : 


: SFP 


Plastics Div. 




MON 


Monsanto Co. : 


: SFS 


Specialty Chemical Div. 




MRK 


Merck & Co., Inc. : 


: SHC 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 




MTO 


Montrose Chemical Corp. of California : 









XV -- MISCELLANEOUS CYCLIC AND ACYCLIC CHEMICALS 
TABLE 3. --Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: Directory of 

MANUFACTURERS, 1981— CONTINUED 



283 



CODE 


: NAME OF COMPANY : 


: CODE 


NAME OF COMPANY 


SHP 


Shepherd Chemical Co. : 


: UCC 


Union Carbide Corp. 


SHX 


Sherex Chemical Co., Inc. : 


: UPJ 


Upjohn Co. 


SK 


SmithKline Beckman Corp., SmithKline : 


: USB 


U.S. Borax & Chemical Corp. 




Chemicals Div. : 


: USI 


National Distillers & Chemicals Corp., U.S. 


SKO 


Getty Refining & Marketing Co. : 




Industrial Chemicals Co. 


SM 


Mobil Oil Corp., Mobil Chemical Co.: : 


: USR 


Uniroyal, Inc., Uniroyal Chemical Div. 




Chemical Coatings Div. : 


: USS 


USS Chemicals Div. of U.S. Steel Corp. 




Phosphorus Div. : 






SNO 


SunOlin Chemical Co. : 


: VAL 


Valchem Div. of United Merchants 4 


SNW 


Sun Chemical Corp., Chemicals Div. : 




Manufactures, Inc. 


SOC 


Standard Oil Co. of California, Chevron : 


: VDM 


Van De Mark Chemical Co., Inc. 




Chemical Co. : 


: VEL 


Velsicol Chemical Corp. 


SOH 


Vistron Corp. : 


: VGC 


Virginia Chemicals, Inc. 


SOI 


Specialty Organlcs, Inc. : 


: VIK 


Viking Chemical Co. 


SOL 


Southland Corp., Fine Chemical Div. : 


: VND 


Van Dyk & Co., Inc. 


SPD 


General Electric Co., Silicone Products Dept . : 






STC 


American Hoechst Corp., Sou-Tex Works : 


: WAG 


West Agro-Chemical, Inc. 


SW 


Sherwin-Williams Co. : 


WAY 


Phillip A. Hunt Chemical Corp., Organic 


SWS 


Stauffer Chemical Co., SWS Silicones Div. : 




Chemical Div. 


SYL 


Sylvachem Corp. : 


: WCC 


White Chemical Corp. 


SYP 


Dart & Kraft, Inc., Synthetic Products Co. : 


: WCL 


Wright Chemical Corp. 




Div. : 


: WLN 


Wilmington Chemical Corp. 






: WM 


American Can Co., Inolex Chemicals Div. 


TCC 


Sybron Corp., Chemical Di vis Ion/Tana tex : 


: WPG 


West Polnt-Pepperell, Inc., Grifftex Chemical 


TCH 


Emery Industries Inc., Trylon Div. : 




Co. Sub. 


TKL 


Thiokol Corp., Specialty Chemicals Div. : 


: WTC 


Witco Chemical Corp. 


TLC 


Twin Lake Chemical, Inc. : 


: WTH 


Union Camp Corp. 


TOA 


Ethyl Corp. : 


: WTL 


Pennwalt Corp., Lucidol Div. 


TOI 


The Gillette Co., Chemical Div. : 


: WVA 


Westvaco Corp., Polychemicals Dept. 


TRN 


Trinity Chemical Corp. : 


: WYC 


Wycon Chemical Co. 


TRO 


Troy Chemical Corp. : 


: WYT 


Wyeth Laboratories, Inc., Wyeth Laboratories 


TSA 


Texas Alky Is, Inc. : 




Div. of American Home Products Corp. 


TOL 


Tull Chemical Co., Inc. : 






TX 


Texaco, Inc. : 


: ZGL 


Carolina Processing Corp. 


TZC 


Magnesium Elektron, Inc. : 







Note. — Complete names, telephone number, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed In table 1 of 
the appendix. The above codes Identify those of the 282 reporting companies and company divisions for which 
permission to publish was not restricted. 



285 



APPENDIX 



APPENDIX 



287 



TABLE 1. —Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of 

MANUFACTURERS, BY COMPANY, 1981 

[Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1981 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in 
table 2 of the 15 individual sections of this report] 



NAME OF COMPANY 



TELEPHONE 
NUMBER 



OFFICE ADDRESS 



A & E Plastik Pak Co., Inc., A & E 

Plastics, Inc. 
AZS Corp. : 

AZ Products Co. Div 

AZS Chemical Co. Div 

Abbott Laboratories 

Abex Corp., Friction Products Group- 

Adco Chemical Co 

Agrico Chemical Co 

Agway, Inc., Olean Nitrogen Complex— 
Airco, Inc., Ohio Medical Products 
Div. 

Air Products & Chemicals, Inc 

Albany International Corp 

Alberta Gas Chemicals, Inc 

Alco Chemical Corp 

Alcolac, Inc 

Aldrich Chemical Co., Inc 

Alex Chemical Co 

Allegheny Chemical Corp 

Allemania Chemical Co 

Alliance Chemical, Inc 

Allied Corp 

Allied Chemicals Co 

Allied Fibers & Plastics Co 

Union Texas Petroleum Co 

Allied Products Corp., Acme 
Chemicals & Insulation Div. 

Alox Corp 

Alpha Corp 

Alpha Laboratories, Inc 

Amerada Hess Corp. (Hess Oil Virgin 

Island Corp.). 
American Bio-Synthetics Corp 

American Can Co. : 

Inolex Chemicals Co 

Lignin Chemicals Div 

American Color & Chemical Corp 

American Cyanamld Co 

American Hoechst Corp: 

Industrial Chemicals Div 

Petrochemicals Div 

Sou-Tex Works 

American Synthetic Rubber Corp 

Ames Laboratories, Inc 

Ametek, Inc., Haveg Div 

Amvac Chemical Corp 

Anderson Development Co 

Ansul Co 

Apex Chemical Co., Inc 

Apollo Colors, Inc 

Arapahoe Chemicals, Inc., Sub/Syntex 
U.S.A., Inc. 

Arenol Chemical Corp 

Arizona Chemical Co 

Arkansas Co., Inc 

Armak Co., Industrial Chemical Div— 

Armour-Dial , Inc 

Armour Pharmaceutical Co 

Armstrong World Industries, Inc 

ARNCO 



213-968-3801 : 14505 Proctor Ave., Industry, CA 91749. 



813-665-6226 : 2525 So. Combee Rd., Lakeland, FL 33801. 

404-873-1851 : 762 Marietta Blvd., Atlanta, GA 30318. 

312-937-7262 : 14th St. and Sheridan Rd., N. Chicago, IL 6001 

212-560-3200 : P. 0. Box 3250, Winchester, VA 22601. 

201-589-0880 : Rutherford and Delaney Sts. Newark, NJ 07105. 

918-588-2000 : P. 0. Box 3166, Tulsa, OK 74101. 

315-477-6566 : 1446 Buffalo St., Olean, NY 14760. 

201-573-0800 : 3030 Airco Dr., Madison, WI 53701. 

215-481-4911 : P. 0. Box 538, Allentown, PA 18105. 
614-876-3637 : 1979 Atlas St., Columbus, OH 43228. 
201-267-1400 : 7 Century Dr., Parsippany, NJ 07054. 
615-629-1405 : 909 Mueller Dr., Chattanooga, TO 37406. 
301-355-2600 : 3440 Fairfield Rd., Baltimore, MD 21226. 
414-273-3850 : 940 W. St. Paul Ave., Milwaukee, WI 53233. 
717-462-3500 : 119 N. Union St., Shenandoah, PA 17976. 
814-776-1186 : Gillls Ave., Ridgway, PA 15853. 
504-687-6311 : P. 0. Box 716, Plaquemine, LA 70764. 
201-945-5400 : 33 Avenue P, Newark, NJ 07105. 
201-455-2000 : P. 0. Box 1079-R, Morrlstown, NJ 07960. 
201-455-2351 : P. 0. Box 2251-R, Morrlstown, NJ 07960. 
212-391-5200 : 1411 Broadway, New York, NY 10018. 
713-960-7500 : P. 0. Box 2120, Houston, TX 77001. 
203-562-2171 : P. 0. Box 1404, 166 Chapel St., New Haven, CT 
: 06505. 

3943 Buffalo Ave., Niagara Falls, NY 14303. 

P. 0. Drawer A, Colllerville, TO 38017. 

1685 S. Fairfax St., Denver, CO 80222. 

1 Hess Plaza, Woodbrldge, NJ 07095. 

710 W. National Ave., P. 0. Box It 04275, 
Milwaukee, WI 53204. 

Jackson & Swanson Sts. , Philadelphia, PA 19148. 
GOP #8, P. 0. Box 3650, Greenwich, CT 06830. 
6525 Morrison Blvd., Charlotte, NC 28211. 
Wayne, NJ 07470. 

401-823-2000 : 129 Quldnlck St., Coventry, RI 02816. 

201-231-2299 : Route 202-206 North, Somerville, NJ 08876. 

704-827-7531 : P. 0. Box 886, Mount Holly, NC 28052 

502-448-2761 : P. 0. Box 32960, Louisville, KY 40232. 

203-874-2463 : 200 Rock Lane, Milford, CT 06460. 

302-995-0410 : 900 Greenbank Rd . , Wilmington, DE 19808. 

213-264-3910 : 4100 E. Washington Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 9002: 

517-263-2121 : 1415 E. Michigan St., Adrian, MI 49221. 

715-735-7411 : 1 Stanton St., Marinette, WI 54143. 

201-354-5420 : 200 S. 1st St., Elizabethport, NJ 07206. 

312-564-9190 : 899 Skokie Blvd., Northbrook, IL 60062. 

303-442-7926 : 2075 N. 55th St., Boulder, CO 80302. 

212 784-0948 : 40-33 23d St., Long Island City, NY 11101. 

201-794-3200 : Berdan Ave., Wayne, NJ 07470. 

201-589-0516 : 185 Foundry St., Newark, NJ 07105. 

312-786-0400 : 300 S. Wacker Dr., Chicago, IL 60606. 

312-892-4381 : 2000 Aucutt Rd . , Montgomery, IL 60545. 

815-932-6771 : P. 0. Box 511, Kankakee, IL 60901. 

217-397-0611 : Charlotte & Liberty Sts., Lancaster, PA 17604. 

213-567-1378 : 5141 Firestone Place, South Gate, CA 90280. 



716-282-1295 
901-853-2450 
303-756-1338 
201-636-3000 

414-384-7017 



215-271-6400 
203-552-2000 
704-364-3270 
201-831-2000 



288 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



TABLE 1.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, 
by company, 1981— Continued 



NAME OF COMPANY 



TELEPHONE 
NUMBER 



OFFICE ADDRESS 



Arol Chemical Products Co 

Arsy nco , Inc 

Ashland Oil Inc 

Associated Lead, Inc 

Astor Products, Inc., Blue Arrow 

Div. 

Atlantic Chemical Corp 

Atlantic Richfield Co., Arco 

Chemical Co. 
Atlas Powder Co., Sub. of Tyler 

Corp. 

Atlas Processing Co 

Atlas Refinery, Inc 

Aura lux Corp 

Joseph Ayers , Inc 

BASF Wyandotte Corp 

Pigments Div 

BFC Chemicals, Inc 

Badische Corp 

J. T. Baker Chemical Co 

Baker International - Magna Corp 

Balchem Corp 

Ball Chemical Co 

Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc — 

Beckman Microbics 

Beecham, Inc., Beecham Laboratories 
Div. 

Belding Corticelli Industries 

Belzak Corp 

Bendix Corp., FM Div 

Bennet t ' s 

Berncolors-Poughkeepsie , Inc 

Bethlehem Steel Corp 

BIddle Sawyer Corp 

Binney and Smith, Inc 

Biocraft Laboratories, Inc 

Bison Nitrogen Products Co 

Bofors Nobel, Inc. and Lakeway, Inc 
Boots Hercules Agrochemicals Co 

Borden, Inc.: 

Borden Chemical Div 

Printing Ink Div., Pigments Div — 
Borg Warner Corp., Borg Warner 
Chemicals. 

Breddo Food Products Corp., Inc 

Bristol-Meyer 8 Co 

M. A. Bruder & Sons, Inc 

Buckeye Cellulose Corp 

Buckman Laboratories, Inc 

Buffalo Color Corp 

Burdlck & Jackson Laboratories, Inc- 
Burroughs Wellcome Co 

CF & I Steel Corp., Pueblo Plant 

CF Industries, Inc 

C.N.C. Chemical Corp 

CPC International, Inc.: 

Acme Resin Corp 

Amerchol Corp 

Penlck Corp 

CPS Chemical Co., Inc 

CYRO Industries 



201-344-1510 : 649 Ferry St., Newark, NJ 07105. 

212-898-2300 : 126-02 Northern Blvd., Flushing, NY 11368. 

606-329-3333 : P. 0. Box 391, Ashland, KY 41101, and P. 0. 

614-889-3333 : Box 2219, Columbus, OH 43216. 

215-427-4600 : 2545 Aramingo Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19125. 

904-783-5000 : 5244 Edgewood Ct., Jacksonville, FL 32205. 

201-235-1800 : 10 Kingsland Rd., Nutley, NJ 07110. 
213-486-3511 : 515 S. Flower St., Los Angeles, CA 90064. 

417-624-0212 : P. 0. Box 87, Joplin, M0 64801. 

318-636-2711 : P. 0. Box 3099, Shreveport, LA 71103. 

201-589-2002 : 142 Lockwood St., Newark, NJ 07105. 

401-539-2306 : Main St., Hope Valley, RI 02832. 

215-837-1808 : 275 Keystone Dr., Bethlehem, PA 18017. 

201-263-3400 : 100 Cherry Hill Rd., Parsippany, NJ 07054. 

616-392-2391 : 491 Columbia Ave., Holland, MI 49423. 

302-575-7850 : 4311 Lancaster Pike, P. 0. Box 2867, Wilmington, 

: DE 19805 

804-887-6000 : 602 Copper Rd., Freeport, TX 77541. 

: 50 Central Ave., Kearny, NJ 07032. 

201-859-2151 : 222 Red School Lane, Phillipsburg, NJ 08865. 

713-795-4270 : P. 0. Box 33387, Houston, TX 77033. 

914-355-2861 : P. 0. Box 175, Slate Hill, NY 10973. 

412-486-1111 : 1486 Butler Plank Rd., Glenshaw, PA 15116. 

312-948-2000 : 6301 N. Lincoln Ave., Morton Grove, IL 60053. 

714-438-9151 : 6200 El Camino Rd., Carlstead, CA 92008. 

201-469-5200 : 101 Possumtown Rd., Piscataway, NJ 08854. 

212-944-6040 : 1430 Broadway, New York, NY 10018. 

201-773-0602 : 850 Bloomfield Ave., Clifton, NJ 07012. 

518-273-6550 : P. 0. Box 238, Troy, NY 12180. 

801-486-2211 : P. 0. Box 1320, Salt Lake City, UT 84110. 

914-454-6700 : 75 N. Water St., Poughkeepsie, NY 12601. 

215-694-4522 : Martin Tower, Bethlehem, PA 18016. 

212-736-1580 : 2 Penn Plaza - Suite 2355, New York, NY 10121. 

215-253-6271 : P. 0. Box 431, 1100 Church Lane, Easton, PA 18042. 

201-796-3434 : 12 Industrial Way, Waldwick, NJ 07463. 

712-277-1340 : P. 0. Box 1828, Sioux City, IA 51102. 

616-788-2341 : 5025 Evanston Ave., Muskegon, MI 49443. 

302-575-7850 : 4311 Lancaster Pike, P. 0. Box 2867, Wilmington, 
: DE 19805. 

614-225-4000 : 180 E. Broad St., Columbus, OH 43215. 
513-782-6200 : 630 Glendale-Milford Rd., Cincinnati, OH 45215. 
304-424-5664 : International Center, Parkersburg, WV 26101. 

913-321-5300 : 18th and Kansas Avenue, Kansas City, KS 66105. 

212-546-4000 : 345 Park Ave., New York, NY 10022. 

215-353-5100 : 52d St. and Grays Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19143. 

901-454-8100 : 2899 Jackson Ave., Memphis, TN 38108. 

901-278-0330 : 1256 N. McLean Blvd., Memphis, TN 38108. 

716-827-4500 : 340 Elk St., Buffalo, NY 14210. 

616-726-3171 : 1953 S. Harvey St., Muskegon, MI 49442. 

919-541-9090 : 3030 Cornwallis Rd., Research Triangle Park, 
: NC 27709. 

303-561-6100 : P. 0. Box 316, Pueblo, CO 81002. 

312-438-4500 : Salem Lake Dr., Long Grove, IL 60047. 

401-751-7711 : P. 0. Box 997, Annex Station, Providence, RI 02901. 

312-771-9680 : 1401 S. Circle Avenue, Forest Park, IL 60130. 

201-894-4000 : International Plaza, Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632. 

201-935-6600 : 1050 Wall St. W., Lyndhurst, NJ 07071. 

201-727-3100 : P. 0. Box 162, Old Bridge, NJ 08857. 

201-365-6700 : 697 Route 46, Clifton, NJ 07015. 



APPENDIX 



289 



TABLE 1. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, 
by company, 1981— Continued 



NAME OF COMPANY 



TELEPHONE 
NUMBER 



OFFICE ADDRESS 



Calcasieu Chemical Corp 

California Resin and Chemical Co., 

Inc. 
Callery Chemical Co. Dlv. of Mine 

Safety Appliances Co. 

Caribe Isoprene Corp 

Cardinal Chemical Co 

Cargill , Inc 

Carl Gordon Industries, Inc 

Carolina Processing Corp 

Carpenter Chemical Co 

Car stab Corp 

Cascade Resins, Inc 

Castle & Cooke, Inc., Castle & Cooke 

Foods, Hawaii Pineapple Div. 
Catawba-Charlab , Inc 

Celanese Corp. : 

Celanese Chemical Co., Inc 

Celanese Fibers Co 

Celanese Plastics & Specialties 
Co. 

Cer taint eed Corp 

Certified Processing Corp 

Champlln Petroleum Co 

Charter International Oil Co 

Chattrem, Inc 

Chembond Corp 

Chemed Corp, Vestal Laboratories 
Dlv. 

Chem-F leur , Inc 

Chemical Exchange Industries, Inc 

Cheml thon Corp 

Chemol , Inc 

Chemplex Co 

Chevron Chemical Co 

CHR. Hansen's Laboratory, Inc 

Clba-Gelgy Corp 

Agricultural Div 

Resin Dept 

Cities Service Co. : 

Columbian Chemicals Co 

Copperhill Operations 

Petrochemicals Dlv 

Petroleum Products Group 

Clark Chemical Corp. Sub. of Clark 

Oil & Refining Corp. 

W. A. Clearly Corp 

Clinton Corn Processing Co. Sub. of 

Nabisco Products Co. 

Cllntuood Chemical Co 

Coastal Corp. , Coastal States 

Petroleum Co. 

Colgate-Palmolive Co 

Colloids, Inc 

Colorado Chemical Specialties, Inc 

Colorado Organic Chemical Co., Inc 

Columbia Nitrogen Corp 

Columbia Organic Chemicals Co., Inc— 
Cominco American, Inc., Camex 

Operations 

Commercial Products Co., Inc 

Commonwealth Oil Refining Co., Inc-- 

Commonmwealth Petrochemical, Inc — 

Concord Chemical Co., Inc 

Conoco , Inc 



918-561-2700 
707-552-3500 



412-273-5000 



809-843- 
803-799- 
612-475- 
617-798- 
203-329- 
804-233- 
513-733- 
503-343- 
808-536- 



8686 
7190 
7637 
8721 
7100 
8391 
2100 
2111 
3411 



704-523-4242 



214-689-4890 
704-554-2000 
502-585-8011 

215-687-5000 
201-923-5200 
512-882-8871 
904-358-4579 
615-821-4571 
503-746-6501 
314-535-1810 



201-589- 
713-526- 
206-937- 
919-272- 
312-437- 
415-894- 
414-476- 
914-478- 
919-292- 



4266 
8291 
9954 
3121 
7800 
7700 
3630 
3131 
7100 



914-478-3131 

918-744-1770 
615-496-3331 
918-561-2700 
918-561-2211 
318-491-6011 
312-385-5000 

201-247-8000 
212-759-4400 

312-927-1071 
512-887-4100 

212-310-2000 
201-926-6100 
303-278-1963 
303-571-1895 
404-823-4000 
803-776-4990 
509-747-6111 

201-427-6887 
809-843-3030 
809-843-3030 
609-966-1526 
405-767-3456 



P. 0. Box 1522, Lake Charles, LA 70602. 
501 Green Island Rd., Vallejo, CA 94590. 

Callery, PA 16024. 

Firm Delivery, Ponce, PR 00731. 

P. 0. Box 345, Columbia, SC 29202. 

P. 0. Box 9300 CPD/30, Minneapolis, MN 55440. 

1001 Southbridge St., Worcester, MA 01610. 

P. 0. Box 195, Severn, NC 27877. 

P. 0. Box 27205, Richmond, VA 23261. 

West St., Reading, OH 45215. 

P.O. Box 1989, Eugene, OR 97440. 

650 Iwilel Rd., Honolulu, HI 96801. 



5046 Old Plnevllle Rd., 
Charlotte, NC 28224. 



P. 0. Box 240497, 



1250 W. Mockingbird Lane, Dallas, TX 75247. 
P. 0. Box 1414, Charlotte, NC 28201. 

12 Main St., Chatham, NJ 07928, and One Riverfront 

Plaza, Louisville, KY 40202. 
P. 0. Box 860, Valley Forge, PA 19482. 
U.S. Highway #22, Hillside, NJ 07205. 
P. 0. Box 9176, Corpus Chrlstl, TX 78408. 
P. 0. Box 5008, Houston, TX 77012. 
1715 W. 38th St., Chattanooga, TN 37409. 
P. 0. Box 270, Springfield, OR 97477. 
5035 Manchester Ave., St. Louis, MO 63110. 

200 Pulaski St., Newark, NJ 07105. 

P. 0. Box 812, Houston, TX 77001. 

5430 W. Marginal Way, S.W., Seattle, WA 98106. 

P. 0. Box 20687, Greensboro, NC 27420. 

3100 Golf Rd., Rolling Meadows, IL 60008. 

575 Market St., Rm. 3280, San Francisco, CA 94105. 

9015 W. Maple St., West Allls, WI 53214. 

444 Saw Mill River Rd., Ardsley, NY 10502. 

P. 0. Box 18300, 410 Swing Rd., Greensboro, 

NC 27419. 
444 Saw Mill River Rd., Ardsley, NY 10502. 

P. 0. Box 37, Tulsa, OK 74102. 

Copperhill, TN 37317. 

P. 0. Box 1522, Lake Charles, LA 70602, and 

250 North Belt East, Houston, TX 77060. 
P. 0. Box 1562, Lake Charles, LA 70602. 
131st St. & Kedzle Ave., Blue Island, IL 60406. 

P. 0. Box 10, Somerest, NJ 08873. 

1251 Beaver Channel Pkwy. , Clinton, IA 52732. 

4341 S. Wolcott Ave., Chicago, IL 60609. 
P. 0. Drawer 521, Corpus Chrlstl, TX 78403. 

300 Park Ave., New York, NY 10022. 

394 Frelinghuysen Ave., Newark, NJ 07114. 

4295 Mclntrye St., Golden, CO 80401. 

5321 Dahlia St., Commerce City, MO 80022. 

P. 0. Box 1483, Augusta, GA 30913. 

P. 0. Box 9096, Columbia, SC 29290. 

P. 0. Box 5067, Borger, TX 79007. 

117 Ethel Ave., Hawthorne, NJ 07506. 

Petrochemical Complex, Ponce, PR 00731. 

Petrochemical Complex, Ponce, PR 00731. 

17th & Federal Sts., Camden, NJ 08105. 

P. 0. Box 1267, 100 S. Pine, Ponca City, OK 74603. 



290 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



TABLE 1.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, 
by company, 1981— Continued 



NAME OF COMPANY 



TELEPHONE 
NUMBER 



OFFICE ADDRESS 



Consolidated Papers, Inc 

Continental Chemical Co 

Continental Polymers, Inc 

Cook Paint & Varnish Co 

Cooperative Farm Chemicals 
Association. 

Coopers Creek Chemical Corp 

Copolymer Rubber & Chemical Corp 

Corco Cyclohexane, Inc 

Core-Lube , Inc 

Corpus Christi Petrochemicals Co 

Cosan Chemical Corp 

Cosden Oil & Chemical Co 

Crest Chemical Corp 

Croda , Inc 

Crompton & Knowles Corp., Dyes & 

Chemical Div 

Crosby Chemicals, Inc 

Crown Central Petroleum Corp 

Crown Metro, Inc 

Crown Zellerbach Corp 

Crystal Chemical Co 

Custom Pigments Corp 

Custom Resins Div. of Bemis Co., 

Inc 
Cyclo Chemical Corp 

Dai torn, Inc 

Dan River, Inc., Chemical Products 

Div- 
Dart & Kraft, Inc. : 

Aztec Chemicals Div 

Synthetic Products Co. Div 

Davies-Young Co 

Day-Glo Color Corp 

Deepwater Chemical Co., Ltd 

Degen Oil & Chemical Co., Inc 

Degussa Corp 

Denka Chemical Corp 

Dennis Chemical Co 

The Derby Co., Inc 

DeSoto , Inc 

Dexter Chemical Corp 

Hysol Div 

Midland Div 

Diamond Shamrock Corp 

Diamond Shamrock Agricultural 
Chemicals, Inc.: 

Cresylic 

Phenoxy Plant 

Disogrin Industries Corp 

Dixie Chemical Co., Inc 

Dixie Pine Chemicals, Inc 

Dock Resins Corp 

Dominion Products 

Donner-Hanna Coke Joint Venture 

Dover Chemical Corp., Sub. of ICC 

Industries, Inc. 

Dow Chemicals Co 

Dow Corning Corp 

E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc- 
Dutch Boy Paints, Consumer Div., 

Sherwin-Williams Co. 
Dye Specialties, Inc 



715-422-3111 
201-472-5000 
213-637-2103 
816-391-6100 
913-843-7300 

215-828-0375 
504-355-5655 
809-843-3030 
217-662-2136 
713-751-7100 

201-400-9300 
214-750-2400 
201-623-3334 
212-683-3089 
215-376-6731 

601-798-6902 
301-539-7400 
803-277-1870 
415-951-5000 
713-682-1221 
312-252-7273 
502-826-7641 

213-582-6411 
305-592-6700 

913-371-1452 
803-298-9000 



312-498-8000 
216-531-6010 
314-291-1900 
216-391-7070 
714-751-3522 
201-432-1192 
205-653-7933 



713-477- 
314-771- 
617-881- 
312-391- 
212-542- 
213-968- 
203-623- 
214-745- 



205-556- 
205-556- 
603-669- 
713-526- 
601-584- 
201-862- 
212-489- 
716-822- 
216-343- 



8821 
1800 
3160 
9000 
7700 
6511 
9801 
2000 



3500 
3500 
4050 
2604 
6221 
2351 
3050 
1600 
7711 



517-636-1000 
517-496-4000 



302-774-2421 
312-441-6650 



201-866-9504 



231 1st Ave. N., Wisconsin Rapids, WI 54494. 
270 Clifton Blvd., Clifton, NJ 07015. 
2225 E. Del Amo Blvd., Compton, CA 90220. 
919 E. 14th Ave., N. Kansas City, MO 64116. 
P. 0. Box 308, Lawrence, KS 06044. 

River Rd., W. Conshohocken, PA 19428. 

P. 0. Box 2591, Baton Rouge, LA 70821. 

Petrochemical Complex, Ponce, PR 00731. 

P. 0. Box 811, Danville, IL 61832. 

707 McKinney St., SW Tower, Suite 1400, Houston, 

TX 77002. 
400 - 14th St., Carlstadt, NJ 07072. 
8350 N. Central, Dallas, TX 75206. 
225 Emmet St., Newark, NJ 07114. 
51 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10010. 
500 Pear St., Reading, PA 19603. 

P. 0. Box 460, Picayune, MS 39466. 
1 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21203. 
P. 0. Box 5696, Greenville, SC 29606. 
P. 0. Box 4266, Vancouver, WA 98662. 
1523 N. Post Oak Rd., Houston, TX 77055. 
2125 W. Rice St., Chicago, IL 60622. 
P. 0. Box 933, Henderson, KY 42420. 

1922 E. 64th St., Los Angeles, CA 90001, and 
7500 N.W. 66th St., Miami, FL 33166. 

5200 Speaker Rd., Kansas City, KS 66101. 
P. 0. Box 261, Danville, VA 24540. 



P. 0. Box 250, Elyria, OH 44035. 

1636 Wayside Rd., Cleveland, OH 44112. 

2700 Wagner Place, Maryland Heights, M0 63043. 
4515 St. Clair Ave., Cleveland, OH 44103. 

P. 0. Box 17599, Irvine, CA 92713. 

200 Kellogg St., Jersey City, NJ 07305. 

Theodore Industrial Park, P. 0. Box 606, Theodore, 

AL 36582. 
8701 Park Place Blvd., Houston, TX 77017. 

2701 Papin St., St. Louis, M0 63103. 

P. 0. Box 146, Megunco Rd., Ashland, MA 01721. 

1700 S. Mt. Prospect Ave., Des Plaines, IL 60018. 

845 Edgewater Rd., Bronx, NY 10474. 

15051 E. Don Julian Rd., Industry, CA 91749 

1-7 E. Water St., Waukegan, IL 60085. 

717 N. Harwood St., Dallas, TX 75201. 



P. 0. Box H, Tuscaloosa, AL 35404. 

P. 0. Box H, Tuscaloosa, AL 35404. 

Grenier Industrial Airpark, Manchester, NH 0312 

3635 W. Dallas Ave., Houston, TX 77019. 

P. 0. Box 470 Hattiesburg, MS 39401. 

1512 W. Elizabeth Ave., Linden, NJ 07036. 

882 3d Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11232. 

P. 0. Box A, S. Paul Station, Buffalo, NY 1422C 

W. 15th & Davis Sts., P. 0. Box 40, Dover, 

OH 44622. 
2020 Dow Center, Midland, MI 48650. 
P. 0. Box 1767, Mail Code 0CO2216, Midland, 

MI 48640. 
DuPont Bldg., Wilmington, DE 19898. 
2325 Hollins Ferry Rd., Baltimore, MD 21230. 

100 Plaza Center, Box 1532, Secaucus, NJ 07094. 



APPENDIX 



291 



TABLE 1.— Synthetic organic chemicals: 
by company, 



Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, 
1981— Continued 



NAME OF COMPANY 



TELEPHONE 
NUMBER 



OFFICE ADDRESS 



EM Industries, Inc., EM Science Div — 
Eagle Pitcher Industries, Ohio 

Rubber Co. Div. 

Eastern Color & Chemical Co 

Eastman Kodak Co 

Tennessee Eastman Co. Div 

Texas Eastman Co. Div 

East Shore Chemical Co., Inc 

Eaton Corp., EPP Div 

Elan Chemical Co 

Elco Corp., Sub. of Detrex 

Industries, Inc. 

EL Paso Polyolefins Co 

El Paso Products Co 

Emery Industries, Inc 

Try Ion Div 

Emhart Corp., Bostik Div 

Emkay Chemical Co 

Endo Laboratories, Inc 

Enenco , Inc 

Enterprise Products Co., Enterprise 

Petrochemicals Co., Sub. 
Eschem, Inc., Swift Technical 

Products Div. 

Essential Chemicals Group 

Essex Chemical Corp., Essex 

Industrial Chemicals, Inc. 

EthiChem Corp 

Ethyl Corp 

Polymer Div 

Exxon Chemical Americas 

FMC Corp. : 

Agricultural Chemical Group 

Industrial Chemical Group 

Industrial Chemical Group 

Specialty Chemicals Div 

FRP Co 

Fabricolor Manufacturing Corp 

Falrmount Chemical Co., Inc 

Farmland Industries, Inc 

Felton International, Inc 

Ferro Corp. : 

Ferro Chemical Div 

Grant Chemical Div 

Keil Chemical Div 

Ottawa Chemical Div 

Productol Chemical Div 

Fiber Industries, Inc 

Flke Chemicals, Inc 

Fine t ex, Inc 

Firestone Tire & Rubber Co.: 

Firestone Fibers & Textile Co 

Firestone Synthetic Rubber & Latex 
Co. Div. 

First Chemical Corp 

Flambeau Paper Corp 

Fleming Laboratories, Inc 

Flint Ink Corp., Cal/Ink Div 

Foote Mineral Co 

Formica Corp., Sub. of American 

Cyanamld Co. 
Formosa Plastic Corp., Baton Rouge 

Site. 

Foy- Johns ton, Inc 

Frank Enterprises, Inc 

Franklin Chemical Industries 



609-423-6300 
817-387-0585 



401-331- 
716-724- 
615-246- 
214-757- 
616-726- 
216-523- 
201-344- 
313-358- 

201-262- 
915-333- 
513-762- 
803-963- 
617-777- 
201-352- 
516-832- 
201-573- 
713-880- 



9000 
4000 
2111 
6611 
3106 
5000 
8014 
5800 

6500 
7200 
6200 
4031 
0100 
7053 
2002 
2800 
6500 



219-836-2468 

414-691-3000 
201-773-6300 

201-933-7881 
804-788-5000 
804-644-6081 
713-870-6184 



215-299-6000 
215-299-6000 
215-299-6000 
215-299-6000 

912-367-3616 
201-742-3900 
201-344-5790 
816-459-6407 
212-497-4664 



216-641- 
504-654- 
219-931- 
419-691- 
213-945- 
704-554- 
304-755- 
201-797- 



8580 
6801 
2630 
3507 
3401 
2731 
3336 
4686 



216-379-7000 
216-379-7000 

601-762-0870- 

715-762-3231 

704-372-5613 

415-525-1188 
215-363-6500 
201-831-2000 

504-356-3341 

513-631-4270 
614-253-5519 
614-443-0241 



2909 Highland Ave., Cincinnati, OH 45212. 
P. 0. Box 1398, Denton, TX 76201. 

35 Livingston St., Providence, RI 02904. 

343 State St., Rochester, NY 14650. 

P. 0. Box 511, Kingsport, TN 37662. 

P. 0. Box 511, Kingsport, TN 37662. 

1221 E. Barney Ave., Muskegon, MI 49443. 

Main & Orchard, Mantua, OH 44255. 

268 Doremus Ave., Newark, NJ 07105. 

P. 0. Box 09168, Cleveland, OH 44109. 

W. 115 Century Rd., Paramus, NJ 07652. 

P. 0. Box 3986, Odessa, TX 79760. 

1300 Carew Tower, Cincinnati, OH 45202. 

P. 0. Box 628, Mauldin, SC 29662. 

Boston St., Middleton, MA 01949. 

319 2d St., Elizabeth, NJ 07206. 

1000 Stewart Ave., Garden City, NY 11743. 

P. 0. Box 125, Memphis, TN 38101. 

P. 0. Box 4324, Houston, TX 77210. 

419 Ridge Rd., Suite M, Munster, IN 46321. 

28391 Essential Rd., Merton, WI 53056. 
1401 Broad St., Clifton, NJ 07015. 

150 Grand St., Carlstadt, NJ 07072. 
330 S. 4th St., Richmond, VA 23231. 
8000 G. S.R.I. Rd., Baton Rouge, LA 70808. 
P. 0. Box 3272, Houston, TX 77001. 



2000 Market St., Philadelphia, PA 19103. 
2000 Market St., Philadelphia, PA 19103. 
2000 Market St., Philadelphia, PA 19103. 
Sawyer Ave. & River Rd. , Town of Tonawanda, 

NY 14150. 
P. 0. Box 349, Baxley, GA 31513. 
24-1/2 Van Houten St., Paterson, NJ 07509. 
117 Blanchard St., Newark, NJ 07105. 
P. 0. Box 7305, Kansas City, M0 64116. 
599 Johnson Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11237. 

7050 Krick Rd., Bedford, OH 44146. 
P. 0. Box 263, Baton Rouge, LA 70821. 
3000 Sheffield Ave., Hammond, IN 46320. 
700 N. Wheeling St., Toledo, OH 43605. 
10051 Roaandel Ave., Santa Fe Springs, CA S 
P. 0. Box 10038, Charlotte, NC 28201. 
P. 0. Box 546, Nitro, WV 25143. 
418 Falmouth Ave., Elmwood Park, NJ 07407. 

P. 0. Box 450, Hopewell, VA 23869. 
P. 0. Box 2786, Akron, OH 44301. 

P. 0. Box 1427, Pascagoula, MS 39567. 
200 First Ave., N., Park Falls, WI 54552. 
2205 Thrift Rd., P. 0. Box 34384, 

Charlotte, NC 28234. 
1404 4th St., Berkeley, CA 94710. 
Route #100, Exton, PA 19341. 
10155 Reading Dr., Cincinnati, OH 45241. 

P. 0. Box 271, Gulf State Rd., Baton Rouge, 

LA 70821. 
1776 Mentor Ave., Cincinnati, OH 45212. 
700 Rose Ave., Columbus, OH 43219. 
2020 Bruck St., Columbus, OH 43207. 



292 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



TABLE 1,— Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, 
by company, 1981— Continued 



NAME OF COMPANY 



TELEPHONE 
NUMBER 



OFFICE ADDRESS 



Freeman Chemical Corp 

Fritzsche Dodge & Olcott, Inc 

Frye Copysystems, Inc., Conap Div 

H. B. Fuller Co 

GAF Corp., Chemical Group 

GB Fermentation Industries, Inc 

Galaxie Chemical Corp 

Gane's Chemicals, Inc 

General Electric Co 

Laminated & Insulating Materials 

Business Dept. 
Silicone Products Dept 

General Foods Corp., Maxwell House 
Coffee Div. 

General Latex & Chemical Corp 

General Tire & Rubber Co., Chemical 
Div. 

P. D. George Co 

Georgia-Pacific Corp.: 

Bellingham Div 

Hous ton Div 

Plaquemine Div 

Resins Operations 

Getty Refining & Marketing Co 

Delaware Refinery 

The Gillette Co., Chemical Div 

Givaudan Corp 

Glyco , Inc 

Goodpasture , Inc 

B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich 
Chemical Group. 

Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co 

W. R. Grace & Co. : 

Agricultural Chemicals Group, 
Memphis Plant. 

Organic Chemicals Div 

Evans Chemetics 

Polymers & Chemicals Div 

Grain Processing Corp 

Grant Chemical Co 

Great American Chemical Corp 

Great Lakes Chemical Corp 

Greenwood Chemical Co 

Gres to , Inc 

A. Gross & Co., Millmaster Onyx 

Group, Kewanee Industries, Inc. 

Guardsman Chemical, Inc 

Gulf Oil Corp., Gulf Oil Chemicals 

Co. -U.S. 
Guth Corp 

H & N Chemicals Co 

Haarmann and Reimer Corp 

C. P. Hall Co 

Handschy Industries, Inc., Farac Oil 

and Chemical Div. 
Hanna Chemical Coatings Corp 

Harshaw Chemical Co 

Hart Products Corp 

Hatco Chemical Corp 



414-284-5541 
212-929-4100 
716-372-9650 
513-891-6513 

201-862-2600 
704-527-9000 

201-279-0558 
212-391-2580 
614-622-5310 
413-494-4747 
518-385-2211 

518-237-3330 

201-420-3300 

617-864-7750 
216-798-3305 

314-621-5700 



206-733- 
503-222- 
504-687- 
404-491- 
918-560- 
918-560- 
617-421- 
201-365- 
203-622- 
806-637- 
216-447- 



4410 
5561 
6321 
1244 
6000 
6010 
7000 
8000 
1500 
2541 
6000 



216-796-2121 

901-357-2311 

617-861-6600 
203-655-8741 
617-861-6600 
319-264-4211 
201-791-6700 
617-343-6973 
317-463-2511 

703-456-6832 

919-475-8101 
201-344-3216 

616-452-5181 
713-754-2973 

312-547-7030 

201-256-7777 
201-686-3132 
312-767-4600 
312-468-4900 

614-294-3361 

216-721-8300 
201-433-6639 
201-738-1000 



P. 0. Box 247, Port Washington, WI 53074. 
76 9th Ave., New York, NY 10011. 
1405 Buffalo St., Olean, NY 14760. 
4450 Malsbary Rd., Blue Ash, OH 45242. 

P. 0. Box 12, Linden, NJ 07036. 
5550 77 Center Dr., P. 0. Box 241068, 

Charlotte, NC 28224. 
26 Piercy St., Paterson, NJ 07524. 
1144 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10036 
1350 S. Second St., Coshocton, OH 43812, and 
1 Plastics Ave., Pittsfield, MA 01201. 
1 Campbell Rd., Schenectady, NY 12306. 

Mechanicville Rd., Bldg. 11-24, Waterford, 

NY 12188. 
1125 Hudson St., Hoboken, NJ 07030. 

666 Main St., Cambridge, MA 02139. 
1 General St., Akron, OH 44329. 

5200 N. 2d St., St. Louis, M0 63147. 

P. 0. Box 1236, Bellingham, WA 98225. 

P. 0. Box 1959, Pasadena, TX 77501. 

P. 0. Box 629, Plaquemine, LA 70764. 

P. 0. Box 105042, Atlanta, GA 30348. 

P. 0. Box 1650, Oil Center Bldg., Tulsa, OK 74] 

Delaware City, DE 19706. 

3500 W. 16th St., N. Chicago, IL 60064. 

100 Delawanna Ave., Clifton, NJ 07014. 

51 Weaver St., Greenwich, CT 06830. 

P. 0. Drawer 921, Brownfield, TX 79316. 

6100 Oak Tree Blvd., Cleveland, OH 44131. 

1144 E. Market St., Akron, OH 44316. 

P. 0. Box 27147, Memphis, TO 38127. 

55 Hayden Ave., Lexington, MA 02173. 

90 Tokeneke Rd., Darien, CT 06820. 

55 Hayden Ave., Lexington, MA 02173. 

P. 0. Box 349, Muscatine, LA 52761. 

P. 0. Box 360, Elmwood Park, NJ 07407. 

P. 0. Box 2150, Fitchburg, MA 01420. 

P. 0. Box 2200, Highway 52 NW. , West Lafayette, 

IN 47906. 
P. 0. Box 26 - State Highway #690, Greenwood, 

VA 22943. 
216 E. Holly Hill Rd., Thomasvllle, NC 27360. 
625 Doremus Ave., Newark, NJ 07105. 

1350 Steele Ave., S.W., Grand Rapids, MI 49507. 
P. 0. Box 3766, Houston, TX 77001. 

322 S. Center St., Hillside, IL 60162. 

90 Maltese Dr., Totowa, NJ 07512. 
Ill Route 22, Springfield, NJ 07081. 
7300 S. Central Ave., Chicago, IL 60638. 
13601 S. Ashland Ave., RIverdale, IL 60627. 

1313 Windsor Ave., P. 0. Box 147, Columbus, 

OH 43216. 
1945 E. 97th St., Cleveland, OH 44106. 
173 Sussex St., Jersey City, NJ 07302. 
King George Post Rd., Fords, NJ 08863 



APPENDIX 



293 



TABLE 1.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, 

BY COMPANY, 1981--IONTINUED 



NAME OF COMPANY 



TELEPHONE 
NUMBER 



OFFICE ADDRESS 



Hawkeye Chemical Co 

Helmerich and Payne, Inc., Natural 

Gas Odorlzlng Dlv. 

Henkel Corp 

Hereof lna 

Hercor Chemical Corp 

Hercule9 , Inc 

PFW Dlv 

Heresite-Saekaphen, Inc 

Heterene Chemical Co 

Heterochemlcal Corp 

Hewchem 



Hewitt Soap Co., Inc 

Hexagon Laboratories, Inc 

Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Chemical 

Products. 

High Point Chemical Corp 

Hodag Chemical Corp 

Hof f man-LaRoche , Inc 

Honlg Chemical & Processing Corp 

Hooker Chemical Corp. : 

Hooker Chemicals & Plastics Corp. 

Durez Div 

Industrial Chemicals Group 

PVC Div 

E. F. Houghton & Co 



Hummel Chemical Co 

Humphrey Chemical Co 

Philip A. Hunt Chemical Corp., 
Organic Chemical Div. 

Huntington Laboratories, Inc 

Huntsman Goodson Chemical Corp 

Husky Industries, Inc 

Hynson, Westcott & Dunning, Inc 

ICI Americas, Inc 

Chemical Specialties Co 

ITT Rayonier, Inc 

Independent Refining Corp 

Indiana Gas & Chemical Corp 

Indol Color Co., Inc 

Industrial Color, Inc 

Inland Steel Co., Inland Steel 

Container Co. 

Inmont Corp 

Inmont Corp. Div. of United 

Technologies Corp. 
Insilco Corp., Sinclair Paint Co. 

Div. 
International Flavor and Fragrances 

Inc. 
International Minerals & Chemical 
Corp. 

Foundry Products Dlv 

IMC Chemical Group 

International Pigment Processing 

Corp. 

Interplastic Corp 

Interstab Chemicals, Inc 

Ironsides Co 

Isochem Resins Co 

George A. Jeffreys & Co., Inc 

Jenni son-Wright Corp 

Andrew Jergens Co 



319-243-5800 
713-424-5568 



612-830- 
919-343- 
809-843- 
302-575- 
914-343- 
414-684- 
201-278- 
516-561- 
601-863- 



7831 
1150 
3030 
5000 
1900 
6646 
2000 
8225 
6600 



513-253-1151 
212-324-7550 
201-472-6800 

919-883-1433 
312-675-3950 
201-235-5000 
201-344-0881 



716-696-6000 
716-286-3000 
215-326-2000 
215-666-4000 

201-754-1800 
203-281-0012 
201-944-4000 

219-356-8100 
801-278-5311 

404-393-1430 
301-837-0890 



302-575- 
302-575- 
203-348- 
713-974- 
812-232- 
201-242- 
815-722- 
312-368- 



3000 
3000 
7000 
1878 
0231 
1300 
7402 
3535 



201-365-3400 
201-427-6700 

213-268-2511 

212-765-5500 

812-232-0121 
207-825-3341 
312-564-8600 
312-564-8600 
201-595-8181 

612-331-6850 
201-247-2202 
614-224-2228 
401-723-2100 

703-389-8220 
419-382-3411 
513-421-1400 



P. 0. Box 899, Clinton, IA 52733. 

3601 Decker Dr., P. 0. Box 4176, Baytown, TX 77520. 

4620 W. 77th St., Minneapolis, MN 55435. 

310 N. Front St., Wilmington, DE 28402. 

Petrochemical Complex, Ponce, PR 00731. 

910 Hercules Tower, Wilmington, DE 19899. 

33 Spraque Ave., Middletown, NY 10940. 

822 S. 14th St., Manitowoc, WI 54220. 

790 21st Ave., Paterson, NJ 07513. 

Ill E. Hawthorne Ave., Valley Stream, NY 11582. 

2500 - 33d Ave., P. 0. Box 188, Gulfport, 

MS 39501. 
333 Linden Ave., Dayton, OH 45403. 
4166 Boston Rd., Bronx, NY 10475. 
205 Main St., Lodi, NJ 07644. 

P. 0. Box 2316, High Point, NC 27261. 
7247 N. Central Park Ave., Skokie, IL 60076. 
340 Kingsland St., Nutley, NJ 07110. 
414 Wilson Ave., Newark, NJ 07105. 



Walck Rd., N. Tonawanda , NY 14121. 

360 Rainbow Blvd. S., Niagara Falls, NY 14303. 

P. 0. Box 699, Pottstown, PA 19464. 

Madison & Van Buren Aves., P. 0. Box 930, Valley 

Forge, PA 19482. 
P. 0. Box 250, So. Plalnfield, NJ 07080. 
P. 0. Box 325, North Haven, CT 06473. 
One Wellington Rd., Lincoln, RI 02865. 

970 E. Tipton St., Huntington, IN 46750. 
3760 Highland Dr., Suite #500, Salt Lake City, 

UT 84106. 
62 Perimeter Center East, Atlanta, GA 30346. 
Charles and Chase Sts., Baltimore, MD 21202. 

Wilmington, DE 19897. 
Wilmington, DE 19897. 
1177 Summer St., Stanford, CT 06904. 
1502 Augusta Dr., Houston, TX 77057. 
1341 Hulman St., Terre Haute, IN 47808. 
Leffert St., Carteret, NJ 07008. 
Industry Ave., Jollet, IL 60435. 
4300 W. 130th St., Chicago, IL 60658. 

1255 Broad St., Clifton, NJ 07015. 
150 Wagaraw Rd., Hawthorne, NJ 07506. 

3960 Washington Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90023. 

521 W. 57th St., New York, NY 10019. 

P. 0. Box 207, Terra Haute, IN 47808, and P. 0. 

Box 149, Orrlngton, ME 04474. 
17350 Ryan Rd., Detroit, MI 48200. 
666 Garland PI., Des Plalnes, IL 60016. 
200 Sheridan Ave., Paterson, NJ 07502. 

2015 N.E. Broadway St., Minneapolis, MN 55413. 
500 Jersey Ave., New Brunswick, NJ 08903. 
270 W. Mount St., Columbus, OH 43215. 
99 Cook St., Lincoln, RI 02865. 

P. 0. Box 709, Salem, VA 24153. 

P. 0. Box 691, Toledo, OH 43694. 

2535 Spring Grove Ave., Cincinnati, OH 45'14. 



294 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



TABLE 1,- 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, 
by company, 1981— continued 



NAME OF COMPANY 



TELEPHONE 
NUMBER 



OFFICE ADDRESS 



Jetco Chemicals, Inc 

Jim Walker Resources, Inc 

S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc 

Jones-Blai r Co 

Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp 

Jordan Chemical Co 

Kaiser Aluminum & Chemical Corp. : 
Kaiser Agricultural Chemicals Div — 
Kaiser Chemicals 

Kalama Chemical, Inc 

Kay-Fries Inc., Member Dynamit Nobel 
Group 

Kelly-Moore Paint Co., Inc 

Kennecott Corp 

Kennecott Minerals Co.: 

Utah Copper Div 

Kenrich Petrochemicals, Inc 

Key so r Corp 

Keystone Color Works, Inc 

Kincaid Enterprises, Inc 

Knapp Products, Inc 

Koch Industries, Inc., Koch Refining 

Co. 

H. Kohnstamm & Co., Inc 

Komac Paint, Inc 

Koppers Co., Inc 

LCP Chemicals-West Virginia, Inc 

Lake States Div. of Rhinelander 
Paper Co. 

Laurel Products Corp 

Leatex Chemical Co 

Lee Laboratiories, Inc 

Leksi , Inc 

Leland Chemical Co 

Lever Brothers Co 

C. Lever Co., Inc 

Life Savers, Inc 

Eli Lilly & Co 

Lilly Industrial Coatings, Inc 

Lonza , Inc 

Lord Corp., Chemical Products Group — 

MAK Chemical Corp 

M & T Chemicals, Inc 

MW Manufacturing, Southern Resin 
Div. 

Magnesium Elektron, Inc 

Magruder Color Co., Inc 

Mallinckrodt , Inc 

Marathon Morco Co 

Marathon Oil Co., Texas Refining 

Div. 
Marden-Wild Corp 

Marlowe-Van Loan Corp 

Martin-Marietta Corp., Sodyeco Div 

Max Marx Color & Chemical Co 

Masonlte Corp., Alpine Chemical Div — 
Mayo Chemical Co 



214-872-3011 
205-254-7882 
414-631-2000 
214-353-1600 
412-227-4286 
215-583-7000 



912-964-4311 
415-271-5580 
206-682-7890 

201-784-0200 

415-592-8337 
716-297-2000 

801-322-6123 
201-436-5702 
805-259-2360 
717-854-9541 
304-755-3377 
201-478-7945 
316-832-5496 

212-620-4800 

412-227-2000 

304-843-1310 
715-369-4356 

215-423-5300 
215-739-6324 
804-862-1990 

215-521-3800 



704-623- 
212-688- 
215-639- 
212-621- 
317-261- 
809-757- 
317-634- 
201-794- 
814-868- 



1731 
6000 
8640 
7500 
0111 
4150 
8512 
2400 
3611 



317-288-4464 

201-499-0200 
703-483-0211 

201-782-5800 
201-242-1300 
314-895-2496 

713-337-1534 
419-422-2121 

617-666-0400 

919-886-7126 
704-827-9657 
201-373-7801 
601-863-5772 
404-696-6711 



P. 0. Box 1898, Corsicana, TX 75110. 
P. 0. Box 5327, Birmingham, AL 35215. 
1525 Howe St., Racine, WT 52403. 
2728 Empire Central, Dallas, TX 75235. 
1600 W. Carson St., Pittsburgh, PA 15263. 
1830 Columbia Ave., Folcraf t , PA 19032. 



Highway 21, Pt. Wentworth, GA 31407. 

P. 0. Box 337, Gramercy, LA 70052. 

Suite 1110, Bank of California Center, Seattle, 

WA 98164. 
10 Link Dr., Rockleigh, NJ 07647. 

987 Commercial St., San Carlos, CA 94070. 
P. 0. Box 477, Niagara Falls, NY 14302. 

P. 0. Box 6500, Salt Lake City, UT 84106. 

P. 0. Box 32, Bayonne, NJ 07002. 

P. 0. Box 308, Saugus, CA 91350. 

151 W. Gay Ave., York, PA 17403. 

P. 0. Box 671, Nitro, WV 25143. 

187 Garibaldi Ave., Lodi, NJ 07644. 

P. 0. Box 2302, Wichita, KS 67201. 

161 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10013. 
P. 0. Box 546, Denver, CO 80201. 
Koppers Bldg., Pittsburgh, PA 15219. 

P. 0. Drawer "J", Moundsvllle, WV 26041. 

515 W. Davenport St., Rhinelander, WI 54501. 

2600 E. Tioga St., Philadelphia, PA 19134. 
2722 N. Hancock St., Philadelphia, PA 19133. 
2999 Frontage Rd., P. 0. Box 1658, Petersburg, 

VA 23805. 
Gov. Printz Blvd. & Wanamaker Ave., P. 0. Box 56, 

Essington, PA 19029. 
P. 0. Box 399, Salisbury, NC 28144. 
390 Park Ave., New York, NY 10022. 
736 Dunks Ferry Rd., Bensalem, PA 19020. 
Eric St., Canajoharies, NY 13317. 
307 E. McCarty St., Indianapolis, IN 46285, and 
G.P.O. Box 4388, San Juan, PR 00936. 
546 Abbott St., Indianapolis, IN 46225. 
22-10 Route 208, Fair Lawn, NJ 07410. 
2000 W. Grandview Blvd., P. 0. Box 10038, 

Erie, PA 16514. 

1200 Rochester Ave., P. 0. Box 2423, 

Muncie, IN 47302. 
P. 0. Box 889, Laurens, SC 29360. 
P. 0. Box 68, Thomasville, NC 27360. 

Star Route A, Box 202-1, Flemingtom, NJ 08822. 

1029 Newark Ave., Elizabeth, NJ 07201. 

675 McDonnell Blvd., P. 0. Box 5480, St. Louis, 

MO 63134. 
P. 0. Drawer C, Dickinson, TX 77539. 
539 S. Main St., Flndlay, OH 48540. 

P. 0. Box 499, 500 Columbia St., Somerville, 

MA 02143. 
P. 0. Box 1851, High Point, NC 27261. 
P. 0. Box 33429, Charlotte, NC 28233. 
192 Colt St., Irvington, NJ 07111. 
P. 0. Box 2392, Gulfport, MS 39503. 
5544 Oakdale Rd., Smyrna, GA 30080. 



APPENDIX 



295 



TABLE 1.- 



-SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS: ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS, 
BY COMPANY, 1981— CONTI NUED 



NAME OF COMPANY 



TELEPHONE 
NUMBER 



OFFICE ADDRESS 



McCloskey Varnish Co 

McCloskey Varnish Co. of the 

Northwest. 

McCloskey Varnish Co. of the West 

McCormick & Co., Inc., McCormick/ 

Stange Flavor Div. 

McLaughlin Gormley King Co 

Melamine Chemicals, Inc 

Merck & Co., Inc 

Merichem Co 

Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc 
Miles Laboratories, Inc., 

Biotechnology Group. 
Milliken & Co., Milliken Chemical 

Co. 
Millmaster Onyx Corp.: 

Millmaster Chemical Co. Div 

Kewanee Industries, Inc 

Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co- 

Miranol Chemical Co., Inc 

Mississippi Chemical Corp 

Mobay Chemical Corp.: 

Agricultural Chemicals Div 

Dyes & Pigments Div 

Pigments Dept 

Pittsburgh Div 

Mobil Oil Corp.: 

Gas Liquids Dept 

Mobil Chemical Co 

Chemical Coatings Div 

Petrochemicals Div 

Phosphorus Div 

Mona Industries, Inc 

Monochem, Inc 

Monsanto Co 

Montrose Chemical Corp. of 
California. 

Mooney Chemicals, Inc 

Moretex Chemical Products, Inc 

Morton Norwich Products, Inc.: 

Morton Chemicals Co. Div 

Norwich Eaton Pharmaceutical Div — 

Texi ze Div 

Motomco, Inc 

Mount Pleasant Chemical Co 

Murphy-Phoenix Co 

NL Industries, Inc 

N-ReN Corp., Cherokee Nitrogen Div — 
Napp Chemicals, Inc 

National Biochemical Co 

National Casein Co 

National Casein of New Jersey 

National Distillers & Chemicals Corp 

U.S. Industrial Chemicals Co 

National Petro Chemicals Corp 

National Milling & Chemical Co 

National Starch & Chemical Corp 

National Steel Corp., Great Lakes 

Plant. 

Nepera Chemical Co., Inc 

Neville Chemical Co 

Nlacet Corp 

Niklor Chemical Co., Inc 

Niles Chemical Paint Co 

Kordell Industries Div 



215-624-4400 
503-226-3751 

213-726-7272 
312-733-6945 

612-544-6341 
504-473-3121 
201-574-4000 

713-455-1311 
513-948-9111 
219-264-8111 

803-472-9041 



212-687-2757 
212-687-2757 
612-736-0940 
201-329-3900 
601-746-4131 

816-242-2000 

201-686-3700 
412-777-2000 
412-777-2000 



703-849- 
212-883- 
201-467- 
713-871- 
804-798- 
201-345- 
504-673- 
314-694- 
201-964- 



3000 
4242 
8500 
5802 
2327 
8220 
6161 
1000 
3250 



216-781-8383 
803-583-8441 



312-621-5555 
607-335-2111 
803-963-4261 
608-244-2904 
615-379-5531 
216-831-0404 

212-621-9400 
513-871-8800 
201-773-3900 
312-722-0120 
312-846-7300 
609-829-1880 

212-949-5000 
212-949-5000 
215-482-6600 
201-685-5000 
313-297-2100 

914-782-8171 
412-331-4200 
716-285-1474 
213-830-2253 
616-683-3377 
219-255-9678 



7600 State Rd., Philadelphia, PA 19136. 
4155 N.W. Yeon Ave., Portland, OR 97210. 

5501 E. Slauson, Los Angeles, CA 90040. 
342 N. Western Ave., Chicago, IL 60612. 

8810 10th Ave. N., Minneapolis, MN 55427. 
P. 0. Box 748, Donaldsonville, LA 70346. 
126 E. Lincoln Ave., P. 0. Box 2000, Rahway, 

NJ 07065 . 
1914 Haden Rd., Houston, TX 77015. 
2110 E. Galbralth Rd., Cincinnati, OH 45215. 
P. 0. Box 932, Elkhart, IN 46515. 

P. 0. Box 817, Inman, SC 29349. 



99 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 

Coronet Dr., Dalton, GA 30720. 

3M Center, St. Paul, MN 55144. 

P. 0. Box 411, Dayton, NJ 08810. 

P. 0. Box 388, Yazoo City, MS 39194. 

P. 0. Box 4913, Hawthorne Rd., Kansas City, 

M0 64120. 
Iorio Ct., Union, NJ 07083. 
P. 0. Box 419, Hawthorne, NJ 07507. 
Penn Lincoln Pkwy. W., Pittsburgh, PA 15205. 

P. 0. Box 900, Dallas, TX 75221. 

P. 0. Box 726, Paramus, NJ 07652. 

P. 0. Box M-l, Short Hills, NJ 07078. 

One Greenway Plaza - Suite 1100, Houston, TX 77046. 

P. 0. Box 26683, Richmond, VA 23261. 

76 E. 24th St., Paterson, NJ 07544. 

P. 0. Box 488, Gelsmar, LA 70734. 

800 N. Lindbergh Blvd., St. Louis, M0 63166. 

2401 Morris Ave., P. 0. Box 219, Union, NJ 07083. 

2301 Scranton Rd., Cleveland, OH 44113. 
314 W. Henry St., P. 0. Box 1799, Spartanburg, 
SC 29304. 

2 N. Riverside Plaza, Chicago, IL 60606. 

17 Eaton Ave., Norwich, NY 13815. 

P. 0. Box 368, Greenville, SC 29602. 

P. 0. Box 8422, Madison, WI 53704. 

Mt. Joy Rd., P. 0. Box 69, Mt. Pleasant, TN 38474. 

P. 0. Box 22930, Beechwood, OH 44122. 

1230 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10020. 

P. 0. Box 429, Pryor, OK 74361. 

199 Main St., Lodi, NJ 07644. 

3127 W. Lake St., Chicago, IL 60612. 

601 W. 80th St., Chicago, IL 60620. 

P. 0. Box 226, Riverton, NJ 08077. 

99 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 

99 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 

4601 Flat Rock Rd., Philadelphia, PA 19127. 

10 Finderne Ave., Brldgewater, NJ 08876. 

Foot of Tecumseh, Ecorse, Ml 48229. 

Route 17, Harrlman, NY 10926. 

Neville Island P. 0., Pittsburgh, PA 15225. 

400 47th St., Niagara Falls, NY 14302. 

2060 E. 220th St., Long Beach, CA 90810. 

225 Fort St., Nlles, MI 49120. 

P. 0. Box 930, Mishawaka, IN 46544. 



296 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



TABLE 1.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, 
by company, 1981— Continued 



NAME OF COMPANY 



TELEPHONE 
NUMBER 



OFFICE ADDRESS 



Nilok Chemicals, Inc 

Nipro , Inc 

Norac Co., Inc 

Mathe Div 

North American Chemical Co 

Northern Petrochemical Co 

Northwestern Chemical Co 

Northwest Petrochemical Corp 

Nostrip Chemical Works, Inc 

Noury Chemical Corp 

Nutrius, Inc 

O'Brien Corp 

01 In Corp 

Specialty Chemicals Dept 

Onyx Chemical Co 

Onyx Chemical Co 

Orbis Products Corp 

Organics, Inc./LaGrange Labs, Inc— 
Original Bradford Soap Works, Inc— 

C.J. Osborn Chemicals, Inc 

Owens-Corning FIberglas Corp 

PBI /Gordon Corp 

P-L BIochemical9, Inc 

PPG Industries, Inc 

Pacific Anchor Chemical Corp 

Pacific Resins & Chemicals, Inc 

Pantasote, Inc., Film/Compound Div 

Passaic Color & Chemical Co 

C. H. Patrick & Co., Inc 

Peck's Products Co 

Pel ron Corp 

Penetone Corp 

Pennwal t Corp 

Lucidol Div 

Pennzoil Co., Penreco Div 

Perry & Derrick Co., Inc 

Perstorp , Inc 

Petrochemicals Co., Inc 

Petro-Tex Chemical Corp 

Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc 

Pfister Chemical, Inc 

Pfizer , Inc 

Pfizer Pharmaceuticals, Inc 

Pharmachem Corp 

Phelps Dodge Industries, Inc., 

Phelps Dodge Magnet Wire Co. Div 

Phillips Paraxylene, Inc 

Phillips Petroleum Co 

Phillips Puerto Rico Core, Inc 

Phthalchem, Inc 

Pierce Chemical Co 

Pilot Chemical Co 

Pioneer Plastics Div. of LOP 

Plastics, Inc. 

Pltt-Consol Chemical Co 

Plaskolite , Inc 

Plaskon Products, Inc 

Plaslok Corp 

Plastics Engineering Co 

Plastics Manufacturing Co 

Plex Chemical Corp 

Polycast Technology Corp 

Polychemical Laboratories, Inc 

Polymer Applications, Inc 

Polyrez Co., Inc 



513-841- 
404-823- 
213-334- 
201-779- 
617-686- 
402-633- 
312-231- 
206-293- 
690-299- 
716-778- 
216-589- 

415-761- 
203-356- 
203-356- 
312-371- 
201-434- 
201-824- 
312-764- 
401-821- 
609-662- 
419-248- 



4000 
4000 
2908 
4981 
2907 
5682 
6111 
3176 
5600 
8554 
4400 

2300 
2000 
2000 
2000 
1700 
3144 
6700 
2141 
0128 
8000 



816-421-4070 
414-347-7300 
412-434-3131 
213-725-1800 



206-572- 
201-777- 
201-279- 
803-244- 
314-385- 
312-442- 
201-567- 
215-587- 
716-877- 
412-283- 
513-351- 
413-584- 
817-625- 



8181 
8500 
0400 
4831 
5454 
9100 
3000 
7000 
1740 
5600 
5800 
2472 
2111 



713-477-9211 
312-623-0370 
201-945-5400 
212-573-2323 
809-846-4300 
215-867-4654 
219-456-4444 

809-864-1515 
918-661-6600 
809-864-1515 
513-681-0099 
815-968-0747 
213-723-0036 
207-784-9111 



405-767- 
216-294- 
419-389- 
716-681- 
414-458- 
214-330- 
415-471- 
203-327- 
212-893- 
716-875- 
609-845- 



3456 
3281 
5600 
7755 
2121 
8671 
6555 
6010 
0333 
0775 
1813 



2235 Langdon Farm Rd., Cincinnati, OH 45230. 

P. 0. Box 1483, Augusta, GA 30903. 

405 S. Motor Ave., Azusa, CA 91703. 

169 Kennedy Dr., P. Box 2230, Lodi, NJ 07644. 

19 S. Canal St., Lawrence, MA 01843. 

2223 Dodge St., Omaha, NB 68102. 

120 N. Aurora St., W. Chicago, IL 60185. 

P. 0. Box 99, Anacortes, WA 98221. 

P. 0. Box 160, Pedrlcktown, NJ 08067. 

2153 Lockport-Olcott Rd., Burt, NY 14028. 

1100 Superior Ave., Cleveland, OH 44114. 

450 E. Grand Ave., S. San Francisco, CA 94080. 

120 Long Ridge Rd., Stamford, CT 06904. 

P. 0. Box 991, Little Rock, AR 72203. 

14000 S. Seeley Ave., Blue Island, IL 60406. 

190 Warren St., Jersey City, NJ 07302. 

140 Route 10, E. Hanover, NJ 07936. 

7125 N. Clark St., Chicago, IL 60626. 

200 Providence St., W. Warwick, RI 02893. 

820 Sherman Ave., Pennsauken, NJ 08109. 

Fiberglas Tower, Toeldo, OH 43659. 

1217 W. 12th St., Kansas City, M0 64101. 
1037 W. McKlnley Ave., Milwaukee, WI 53201. 
1 Gateway Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15222. 
6055 E. Washington Blvd., Suite 700, Los Angeles 

CA 90040. 
1754 Thorne Rd., Tacoma, WA 93421. 
26 Jefferson St., Passaic, NJ 07056. 
28-36 Paterson St., Paterson, NJ 07501. 
P. 0. Box 2526, Greenville, SC 29602. 
610 E. Clarence Ave., St. Louis, M0 63147. 
7847 W. 47th St., Lyons, IL 60534. 
74 Hudson Ave, Tenafly, NJ 07670. 
3 Parkway, Philadelphia, PA 19102. 
1740 Military Rd., Buffalo, NY 14240. 
Union Bank Bldg., Butler, PA 16001. 
2510 Highland Ave., Norwood, OH 45212. 
238 Nonotuck St., Florence, MA 01060. 
600 E. Central St., P. 0. Box 2199, Fort Worth, 

TX 76113. 
P. 0. Box 2584, Houston, TX 77001. 
1219 Glen Rock Ave., Waukegan, IL 60085. 
Linden Ave., Ridgefield, NJ 07657. 
235 E. 42d St., New York, NY 10017. 
P. 0. Box 628, Barceloneta, PR 00617. 
Stefko Blvd., Bethlehem, PA 18018. 
132 E. Crelghton Ave., Fort Wayne, IN 46861. 

G.P.O. Box 4129, San Juan, PR 00936. 

15 Al Phillips Bldg., Bartlesville, OK 74004. 

G.P.O. Box 4129, San Juan, PR 00936. 

6675 Beechlands Dr., Cincinnati, OH 45237. 

3747 N. Meridian Rd., Rockford, IL 61103. 

11756 Burke St., Santa Fe Springs, CA 90670. 

Pionite Rd., Auburn, ME 04210. 

P. 0. Box 1267, Ponca City, OK 74601. 
1770 Joyce Ave., Columbus, OH 43216. 
2829 Glendale Ave., Toledo, OH 43614. 
3155 Broadway, Buffalo, NY 14227. 
3518 Lakeshore Rd., Sheboygan, WI 53081. 
2700 S. Westmoreland, Dallas, TX 75224. 
1205 Atlantic St., Union City, CA 94487. 
69 Southfield Ave., Stamford, CT 06902. 
490 Hunts Point Ave., Bronx, NY 10474. 
3445 River Rd., Tonawanda, NY 14150. 
P. 0. Box 320, Woodbury, NJ 08096. 



APPENDIX 



297 



TABLE 1.- 



-Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, 
by company, 1981--continued 



NAME OF COMPANY 



TELEPHONE 
NUMBER 



OFFICE ADDRESS 



Polysar, Inc 

Latex Div 

Polysar Latex Div 

Polyvinyl Chemical Industries 

Pope Chemical Corp 

Pratt & Lambert, Inc 

Premier Malt Products, Inc 

Procter S Gamble Co., Procter & 
Gamble Mfg. Co. 

Proctor Chemical Co 

Products Research & Chemical Corp- 



Publicker Industries, Inc- 
Purex Corp 



Quaker Chemical Corp 

Quaker Oats Co 

K. J. Quinn & Co., Inc 

Qulntana Petrochemical Co- 



R.S.A. Corp 

Rachelle Laboratories, Inc 

Racon, Inc 

Raffi and Swanson, Inc 

Raybestos Manhattan, Industrial Div — 

Regis Chemical Co 

Rehels Chemical Co. Div. of Armour 
Pharmaceutical Co. 

Reichhold Chemicals, Inc 

Rellly Tar & Chemical Corp 



Reliance Universal, Inc., Louisville 

Resins Operation. 

Remington Arms Co., Inc 

Republic Steel Corp 

Rhone-Poulenc , Inc 

Richardson Co 

Polymeric Systems Div 

Rico Chemical Corp 

Ridgway Color Co 

Rlegel Textile Corp., H.I.T. 

Chemicals Div. 
Riker Laboratories, Inc., Sub. of 

3M Co. 

Rilsan Corp 

Rltter International 

Rlverdale Chemical Co 

Robeco Chemicals, Inc 

Roehr Chemicals, Inc 

Rogers Corp., Molding Materials Div— 

Rohm & Haas Co 

Roma Chemical, Inc 

Rubicon Chemicals, Inc 

Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co 

SCM Corp. : 

Glldden Coatings & Resin Div 

Organic Chemicals Div 

PCR, Inc 

SSC Industries, Inc 

Safeway Stores, Inc 

St. Croix Petrochemical Corp 

Salem Oil & Grease Co 

Salsbury Laboratories, Inc 

Samuel Bingham Co 

Sandoz, Inc.: 

Colors i Chemicals Div 

Crop Protect Ion 

Schenectady Chemicals, Inc 



617-537-9901 : 29 Fuller St., Leominster, MA 01453. 

216-836-0451 : 1705 W. Market St., Akron, OH 44313. 

615-892-4131 : 2200 Polymer Dr., Chattanooga, TO 37421. 

617-658-6600 : 730 Main St., Wilmington, MA 01887. 

201-279-2702 : 33 6th Ave., Paterson, NJ 07524. 

916-873-6000 : P. 0. Box 22, Buffalo, NY 14240. 

414-347-7300 : 1000 N. Market St., Milwaukee, WI 53201. 

513-763-5194 : P. 0. Box 599, Cincinnati, OH 45201. 

704-633-1731 : P. 0. Box 399, Salisbury, NC 28144. 

213-240-2060 : 5430 San Fernando Rd., P. 0. Box 1800, 

: Glendale, CA 91209. 

203-531-4500 : 777 W. Putnam Ave., Greenwich, CT 06830. 

213-630-7487 : 5101 Clark Ave., Lakewood, CA 90712. 

215-828-4250 : Lime & Elm Sts., Conshohocken, PA 19428. 

312-222-7111 : 345 Merchandise Mart Plaza, Chicago, IL 60654. 

617-321-3200 : 195 Canal St., Maiden, MA 02148. 

512-289-2600 : P. 0. Box 4656, Corpus Chrlsti, TX 78408. 

914-693-1818 : 690 Saw Mill River Rd., Ardsley, NY 10502. 

213-432-3956 : 700 Henry Ford Ave., Long Beach, CA 90801. 

316-524-3245 : P. 0. Box 198, Witchita, KS 67201. 

617-658-3364 : 100 Eames St., Wilmington, MA 01887. 

203-371-0101 : 75 E. Main St., Stratford, CT 06497. 

312-967-6000 : 8210 Austin Ave., Morton Grove, IL 60053. 

201-464-1500 : 235 Snyder Ave., Berkeley Hgts., NJ 07922. 

914-682-5700 : 525 N. Broadway, White Plains, NY 10603. 

312-247-8141 : 1510 Market Square Center, 151 N. Delaware St., 

: Indianapolis, IN 46204. 

502-459-9110 : P. 0. Box 37510, Louisville, KY 40233. 

203-333-1112 : 939 Barnum Ave., Bridgeport, CT 06601. 

216-622-4650 : P. 0. Box 6778, Cleveland, OH 44101. 

201-846-7700 : 120 Jersey Ave., New Brunswick, NJ 08903. 

312-297-3570 : 2400 E. Devon Ave., Des Plaines, IL 60018. 

203-245-0441 : 15 Meigs Ave., Madison, CT 06443. 

809-843-0020 : P. 0. Box 387, Magas Ward, Guayanilla, PR 0065 

814-776-2151 : 75 Front St., Ridgway, PA 15853. 

803-242-6050 : Ware Shoals, SC 29692. 

213-341-1300 : 19901 Nordhoff St., Northridge, CA 91324. 



201-447- 
213-245- 
312-756- 
212-986- 
212-784- 
203-774- 
215-592- 
617-676- 
504-673- 
814-238- 



3300 
6886 
2010 
6410 
8473 
9605 
3000 
3481 
6141 
2424 



216-344-8000 
904-764-1711 
904-376-8246 
404-762-9651 
415-944-4000 
809-773-6400 

617-745-0585 
515-257-2422 
312-726-6711 

201-386-7500 
714-298-4343 
518-346-8711 



139 Harrlstown Rd . , Glen Roc, NY 07452. 

4001 Goodwin, Los Angeles, CA 90039. 

220 E. 17th St., Chicago Heights, IL 60411. 

99 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 

52-20 37th St., Long Island City, NY 11101. 

P. 0. Box 550, Rogers, CT 06263. 

Independence Mall West, Philadelphia, PA 19105. 

749 Quequechan St., Fall River, MA 02722. 

P. 0. Box 517, Gelsraar, LA 70734. 

P. 0. Box 221, State College, PA 16801. 



900 Union Commerce Bldg., Cleveland, OH 44115. 

P. 0. Box 389, Jacksonville, FL 32201. 

P. 0. Box 1466, Gainesville, FL 32602. 

P. 0. Box 90987, East Point, GA 30344. 

2800 Ygnacio Valley Rd., Walnut Creek, CA 94621. 

P. 0. Box 6801, Chrlstainsted, St. Croix, U.S., 

VI 00820. 
60 Grove St., Salem, MA 01970. 
2000 Rockford Rd . , Charles City, IA 50616. 
11101 W. Franklin Ave., Franklin Park, IL 60131. 

Route #10, E. Hanover, NJ 07936. 

480 Camino Del Rio South, San Diego, CA 92108. 

P. 0. Box 1046, Schenectady, NY 12301. 



298 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



TABLE 1. --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, 

BY COMPANY, 1981--CONTINUED 



NAME OF COMPANY 



TELEPHONE 
NUMBER 



OFFICE ADDRESS 



Scher Chemicals, Inc 

Schering Corp 

Scholler , Inc 

Scientific Protein Laboratories, 

Inc. 

Scott Paper Co 

Seaboard Chemicals, Inc 

G. D. Searle & Co., Searle 

Chemicals, Inc. 

Shakespeare Co., Monofilament Dlv 

Shell Oil Co 

Shell Chemical Co. Dlv 

Shenango , Inc 

Shepherd Chemical Co 

Sherex Chemical Co . , Inc 

Sherwin-Williams Co., Chemical Dlv 

Shin tech , Inc 

George F. Siddal Co., Inc 

SimCal Chemical Co 

J. R. Slmplot Co., Minerals & 

Chemical Dlv. 
Simpson Timber Co., Oregon Over ley 

Dlv. 
G. Frederick Smith Chemical Co 

SmithKllne Beckman Corp., SmithKline 
Chemicals Dlv. 

Soltex Polymer Corp 

Soluol Chemical Co., Inc 

Southeastern Adhesive Co 

Southern Chemical Products Co., Inc — 

Southland Corp.: 

Chemical Div 

Fine Chemical Div 

Southwestern Refining Co., Inc 

Spaulding Fibre Co., Inc., 
Industrial Plastics Div. 

Specialty Organlcs, Inc 

E. R. Squibb & Sons, Inc 

Squibb Manufacturing, Inc., Renesa, 

Inc., Ersana, Inc. 

Standard Chlorine of Delaware, Inc 

Standard Oil Co. of California, 

Chevron Chemical Co. 
Standard Oil Company (Indiana) 

Standard Oil of Ohio 

Standard T Chemical, Inc 

Stauffer Chemical Co.: 

Agricultural Div 

Calhio Chemicals, Inc 

Food Ingredients Div 

Industrial Div 

Plastics Div 

Specialty Dlv 

SWS Silicones Div 

Stepan Chemical Co 

Sterling Drug, Inc.: 

Hilton Davis Chemical Co. Div 

Sterling Organlcs Dlv 

Thomasset Colors Dlv 

Stockhausen , Inc 

Stokely-Van Camp, Inc., Industrial 
Products Group. 



201-471-1300 
201-558-4000 
215-739-0900 

608-849-5944 

215-521-5000 
617-745-1915 
312-982-7000 

803-754-7011 
713-241-6161 
713-241-6161 
412-771-4400 

513-731-1110 
614-764-6531 
216-566-2000 
713-965-0713 

803-576-1556 
208-336-2110 
208-232-6620 

503-289-1111 

614-224-5343 

215-278-7000 

713-522-1781 
401-821-8100 

704-754-3493 
912-746-5147 

214-331-8391 
214-331-8391 
512-884-8863 
716-692-2000 



213-962- 
609-921- 



2008 
4000 



809-852-1255 



201-997- 
415-894- 



1700 
0850 



312-856-6111 



216-575- 
312-754- 

415-544- 
415-544- 
415-544- 
415-544- 
415-544- 
415-544- 
415-544- 
312-446- 
201-845- 



4643 
4471 

9000 
9000 
9000 
9000 
9000 
9000 
9000 
7500 
3030 



212-907-2000 
212-907-2000 
212-907-2000 
919-378-9393 
317-631-2251 



1 Styertowne Rd., Clifton, NJ 07012. 

1011 Morris Ave., Union, NJ 07083. 

Collins and Westmoreland Sts., Philadelphia, 

PA 19134. 
P. 0. Box 158, Waunakee, WI 53597. 

P. 0. Box 925, Everett, WA 98206. 

30 Foster St., P. 0. Box 707, Salem, MA 01970. 

4901 Searle Pkwy., Skokie, IL 60077. 

P. 0. Box 246, Columbia, SC 29204. 
P. 0. Box 2463, Houston, TX 77001. 
P. 0. Box 2463, Houston, TX 77001. 
200 Neville Rd., Neville Island, Pittsburgh, 

PA 15225. 
4900 Beech St., Cincinnati, OH 45212. 
P. 0. Box 646, Dublin, OH 43017. 
P. 0. Box 6520, Cleveland, OH 44113. 
3800 Buffalo Speedway - Suite 210, Houston, 

TX 77098. 
P. 0. Box 925, Spartanburg, SC 29304. 
2222 W. Shaw Ave., Fresno, CA 93721. 
P. 0. Box 912, Pocatello, ID 83210. 

2301 N. Columbia Blvd., Portland, OR 97217. 



867 McKinley Ave., 1 

OH 43223. 
900 River Rd . , P. 0. Box 900, 

Conshohocken, PA 19428. 
P. 0. Box 1000, Deer Park, TX 
Green Hill and Market Sts 

W. Warwick, RI 02893. 
P. 0. Box 791, Lenoir, NC 



Box 23214, Columbia, 



X 77536. 
Box 112, 



28645. 



430 Lower Boundary St., Macon, GA 31202. 

7666 W. 63d St., Summit, IL 60501. 
5801 Marvin D. Lane Freeway, Dallas, TX 75233. 
P. 0. Box 9217, Corpus Christ!, TX 78408. 
310 Wheeler St., Tonawanda, NY 14150. 

5623 N. 4th St., Irwindale, CA 91706. 

P. 0. Box 4000, Route 206 & Provincellne Rd . , 

Princeton, NJ 08540. 

P. 0. Box 609, Humacao, PR 00661. 

1035 Belleville Turnpike, Kearny, NJ 07032. 
575 Market St., San Francisco, CA 94105. 

P. 0. Box 5910-A, Mail Code 3501, Chicago, 

IL 60680. 
307 Midland Bldg., Cleveland, OH 44115. 
P. 0. Box A-3351, Chicago, IL 60690. 



636 California 
636 California 
636 California 
636 California 
636 California 
636 California 
636 California 
RR #1, Elwood, 
Maywood , NJ 



St., San Francisco, CA 

St., San Franci9co, CA 

St., San Francisco, CA 

St., San Francisco, CA 

St., San Francisco, CA 

St., San Francisco, CA 

St., San Francisco, CA 

IL 60421, and 100 West Hunter Ave. 

07607. 



94108 
94108 
94108 
94108 
94108 
94108 
94108 



45237. 



2235 Langdon Farm Rd . , Cincinnati, OH 

90 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 

2235 Langdon Farm Rd . , Cincinnati, OH 45237. 

P. 0. Box 16025, Greensboro, NC 27406. 

15395 Jackson St., Janesville, WI 53545. 



APPENDIX 



299 



TABLE 1.— Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, 

BY COMPANY, 1981— CONTINUED 



NAME OF COMPANY 



TELEPHONE 
NUMBER 



OFFICE ADDRESS 



Sugar Beet Products Co 

Sun Chemical Corp 

Chemicals Div 

Sun Company, Inc 

Sunklst Growers, Inc 

SunOlln Chemical Co 

Sybron Corp. : 

Chemical Dlv/Tanatex 

Sybron Chemical Dlv 

Sybron Chemical Dlv 

Sylvachem Corp 

Syria lr Corp 

Synalloy Corp., Blackman Uhler 
Chemical Dlv. 

Syncon Resins, Inc 

Synres Chemical Corp 

Syntex Agribusiness, Inc 

Synthron , Inc 

Talleyrand Chemicals, Inc 

Telenor Apex Co 

Tenneco Chemicals, Inc 

Tenneco Oil Co., P & M 

Tennessee Valley Authority, Chemical 

Accounting Brand. 
Terra Chemicals International, Inc — 

Terra Nitrogen, Inc 

Terrell Corp 

Texaco , Inc 

Texaco Butadiene Co 

Texas Alkyls, Inc 

Texas City Refining, Inc 

Texstyrene Plastics, Inc 

Textron, Inc., Spencer Kellogg Dlv — 
Thlokol Corp., Specialty Chemicals 

Dlv. 

Ventron Dlv 

Thompson Hayward Chemical Co 

Toms River Chemical Corp 

Tr lad Chemical 

Trinity Chemical Corp 

Troy Chemical Co 

Tull Chemical Co 

Twin Lake Chemical, Inc 

UOP, Inc., UOP Process Dlv 

Paul Uhllch & Co., Inc 

Ungerer & Co 

Union Camp Corp 

Chemical Products Dlv 

Terpene & Aromatlcs Dlv 

Union Carbide Corp 

Union Oil Co. of California 

Union Chemicals Dlv 

Unlroyal, Inc., Unlroyal Chemical 

Dlv. 

United Chemical Corp. of Norwood 

United-Erie , Inc 

U.S. Borax & Chemical Corp 

U.S. Oil Co 



517-799-4941 
212-986-5500 
201-224-4600 
215-293-6699 
213-986-9800 
215-485-0761 

716-546-4040 
609-894-8211 
609-894-8211 
904-769-7651 
615-698-8801 

803-585-3661 

201-589-1070 
201-964-5280 
417-866-7291 
704-437-8611 

617-998-2100 
401-725-8000 
201-981-5000 
713-757-2635 
205-386-2377 



712-277- 
712-277- 
616-658- 
713-666- 
713-666- 
713-479- 
713-945- 
817-831- 
716-852- 
215-968- 

617-774- 
913-321- 
201-349- 
504-473- 
512-341- 
201-589- 
205-831- 
716-433- 



1340 
1340 
3351 
8000 
8000 
8411 
4451 
0533 
5850 
5911 

3100 
3131 
5200 
9231 
6371 
2500 
1154 
3824 



312-391-2000 
914-478-2000 
201-628-0600 

201-628-9000 
201-628-9000 
201-628-9000 
304-747-3255 
213-977-7746 
213-977-6898 
203-723-2000 

617-762-4057 
814-456-7561 
213-381-5311 
401-434-3000 



302 Waller St., P. 0. Box 1387, Saginaw, MI 48605. 

411 Sun Ave., Cincinnati, OH 45232. 

P. 0. Box 70, Chester, SC 29706. 

100 Matsonford Rd., Radnor, PA 19087. 

14130 Riverside Dr., Sherman Oaks, CA 91432. 

P. 0. Box F, Claymont, DE 19703. 

P. 0. Box 125, Wellford, SC 29385. 
Birmingham, NJ 08011. 
Birmingham Rd., Birmingham, NJ 08011. 
2110-A W. 23d St., Panama City, FL 32405. 
2003 Amnicola Highway, P. 0. Box 5269, 

Chattanooga, TN 37406. 
P. 0. Box 5627, Spartanburg, SC 29304. 

77 Jacobus Ave., S. Kearny, NJ 07032. 
209 N. Michigan Ave., Kenilworth, NJ 07032. 
P. 0. Box 1246 S.S.S., Springfield, M0 65805. 
P. 0. Box 1111, Morganton, NC 28655. 

129 John Ventente Blvd., New Bedford, MA 02745. 
505 Central Ave., Pawtucket , RI 02661. 

P. 0. Box 365, Piscataway, N.J. 08854. 
P. 0. Box 2511, Houston, TX 77001. 
Muscle Shoals, AL 35660. 

P. 0. Box 1828, Sioux City, IA 51102. 

P. 0. Box 1828, Sioux City, IA 51102. 

820 Woburn St., Wilmington, MA 01887. 

P. 0. Box 430, Bellaine, TX 77401. 

P. 0. Box 430, Bellaine, TX 77401. 

P. 0. Box 600, Deer Park, TX 77536. 

P. 0. 1271, Texas City, TX 77590. 

3607 N. Sylvanla Ave., Fort Worth, TX 76111. 

120 Delaware Ave., Buffalo, NY 14240. 

P. 0. Box 1000, Newtown, PA 18940. 

150 Andovin St., Danvers, MA 01923. 
5200 Speaker Rd., Kansas City, M0 66110. 
P. 0. Box 71, Tom River, NJ 08753. 
P. 0. Box 310, Donaldsonville, LA 70346. 

130 W. Rhapsody, San Antonla, TX 78216. 
One Avenue L, Newark, NJ 07105. 

P. 0. Box 3246, Oxford, PA 36203. 
P. 0. Box 411, Lockport, NY 14094. 

10 UOP Plaza, Des Plalnes, IL 60016. 

1 Railroad Ave., Hastlngs-on-Hudson, NY 10706. 

4 Bridgewater Lane, P. 0. Box U, Lincoln Park, 

NJ 07035. 
P. 0. Box 220, Dover, OH 44622. 
1600 Valley Rd., Wayne, NJ 07470. 
P. 0. Box 60369, Jacksonville, FL 32236. 
P. 0. Box 8004, S. Charlestown, WV 25303. 
461 S. Baylston St., Los Angeles, CA 90017. 
P. 0. Box 60455, Los Angeles, CA 90060. 
Emlc Bldg., Spencer St., Naugatuck, CT 06770. 

Endlcott St., Norwood, MA 02062. 

438 Huron St., Erie, PA 16512. 

3075 Wllshlre Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90005. 

P. 0. Box 4228, E. Providence, RI 02914. 



300 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 



TABLE 1, --Synthetic organic chemicals: Alphabetical directory of manufacturers, 

BY COMPANY, 1981--CONTINUED 



NAME OF COMPANY 



TELEPHONE 
NUMBER 



OFFICE ADDRESS 



U.S. Steel Corp.: 

Clairton Plant 

Fairfield Plant 

Gary Plant 

Genova Plant 

USS Agri-Chemicals Div 

USS Chemicals Div 

Up John Co 

Fine Chemical Div 

Valchem Div. of United Merchants & 

Manufacturers, Inc. 
Valentione Sugars, Inc., Valite 

Div. 

The Valspar Corp 

Van De Mark Chemical Co., Inc 

Vanderbilt Chemical Corp 

Van Dyk & Co., Inc 

Velsicol Chemical Corp 

Vertac Chemical Corp 

Viking Chemical Co 

Vineland Chemical Co., Inc 

Vinings Chemical Co 

Virginia Chemicals, Inc 

Vistron Corp 

Silmar Div 

Vitamins , Inc 

Vulcan Materials Co., Chemicals 
Div. 

Warner-Jenkinson Co 

Warner-Lambert 

West Agro-Chemical, Inc 

West Coast Adhesives Co 

Westinghouse Electric Corp., 

Industrial Materials Div. 
West Point-Pepperell, Inc., Grifftex 

Chemical Co. Sub. 

Westvaco Corp., Polychemials Dept 

Weyerhauser Co 

The White and Bag ley Co 

White and Hodges , Inc 

White Chemical Corp 

Whitmoyer Laboratories, Inc 

Whittaker Corp., Whlttaker 

Coatings & Chemicals. 

Whittemore-Wrlght Co., Inc 

Wilmington Chemical Corp 

WItco Chemical Corp 

Worthington Diagnostics Div. of 

Millipore Corp. 

Wright Chemical Corp 

Wycon Chemical Co 

Wyeth Laboratories, Inc., Wyeth 

Laboratories Div. of American Home 

Products Corp. 



412-433- 
412-433- 
412-433- 
412-433- 
404-572- 
412-433- 
616-323- 
203-281- 



1121 
1121 
1121 
1121 
4000 
1121 
4000 
2722 



212-930-3900 



504-943-2459 



612-332- 
716-433- 
203-744- 
203-853- 
201-759- 
312-670- 
901-767- 
612-333- 
609-691- 
404-436- 



7371 
6764 
3900 
1400 
3225 
4500 
6851 
0394 
3535 
1542 



804-483-7000 
216-575-4141 
213-757-5141 
312-861-0700 
205-877-3000 



314-889-7600 
201-540-2000 
913-384-1660 
503-286-3515 
402-373-4622 

205-745-5767 

803-554-8350 
715-384-2141 
617-791-3201 
617-453-5192 
201-437-0050 
717-866-2151 
213-475-9411 

617-242-1180 
302-658-3515 
201-573-2800 
201-462-3838 

919-655-2263 
713-877-6450 
215-688-4400 



600 Grant St., Rm. 2316, Pittsburgh, PA 15230. 

600 Grant St., Rm. 2316, Pittsburgh, PA 15230. 

600 Grant St., Rm. 2325, Pittsburgh, PA 15230. 

600 Grant St., Rm. 2316, Pittsburgh, PA 15230. 

233 Peachtree St., Atlanta, GA 30301. 

600 Grant St., Rm. 2880, Pittsburg, PA 15230. 

7000 Portage Rd., Kalamazoo, MI 49002. 

410 Sackett Point Rd., North Haven, CT 06473. 

1407 Broadway, New York, NY 10018. 

726 Whitney Bldg., New Orleans, LA 70130. 

1101 S. 3d St., Minneapolis, MN 55440. 

1 N. Transit Rd., Lockport, NY 14094. 

31 Taylor Ave., Bethel, CT 06801, and Rt. 2 - 

Box 54, Murray, KY 42071. 
Main and Williams Sts., Belleville, NJ 07109. 
341 E. Ohio St., Chicago, IL 60611. 
P. 0. Box 3, Vicksburg, MS 39180. 
838 Baker Bldg., Minneapolis, MN 55402. 
W. Wheat Rd., Vineland, NJ 08360. 
2555 Cumberland Pkwy., Suite 200, Atlanta, 

GA 30339. 
3340 W. Norfolk Rd., Portsmouth, VA 23703. 
1899 Guild Hall, Cleveland, OH 44126. 
12333 S. Van Ness Ave., Hawthorne, CA 90250. 
200 E. Randolph Dr., Chicago, IL 60601. 
P. 0. Box 7689, Birmingham, AL 35223. 



2526 Baldwin St., St. Louis, M0 63106. 
201 Tabor Rd., Morris Plains, NJ 07950. 
P. 0. Box 1386, Shawnee Mission, KS 66222. 
11104 N.W. Front Ave., Portland, OR 97231. 
Manor, PA 15665. 

1900 Cunningham Dr., Opelika, AL 36801. 

P. 0. Box 70848, Charleston Heights, SC 29405. 

1185 Palmetto Ave., Marshfleld, WI 54449. 

P. 0. Box 706, Worcester, MA 01613. 

576 Lawrence St., Lowell, MA 01852. 

Foot of E. 22d St., Bayonne , NJ 07002. 

19 N. Railroad St., Myerstown, PA 17067. 

3134 California St., NE., Minneapolis, MN 55418. 

62 Alford St., Boston, MA 02129. 
P. 0. Box 66, Wilmington, DE 19899. 
155 Tice Blvd., Woodcllff Lake, NJ 07675. 
Halls Mill Rd., Freehold, NJ 07728. 

Acme Station, Riegelwood, NC 28456. 
9 Greenway Plaza, Houston, TX 77046. 
P. 0. Box 831, Paoll, PA 19301. 



APPENDIX 301 

U.S. IMPORTS OF BENZENOID CHEMICALS AND PRODUCTS 



U.S. general imports of' benzenoid chemicals and products entered under 
the Tariff Schedules of the United States (TSUS) , schedule 4, part 1, sub- 
parts B and C are analyzed by the U.S. International Trade Commission annually 
and published in detail in a separate report. 1 General imports of benzenoid 
items entered in parts IB and 1C totaled 6,581 million pounds with an entered 
value of $1,205.9 million in 1981 compared with 5,591 million pounds with a 
foreign invoice value of $1,075.6 million in 1980. 2 Details are shown in 
table 2. 

Industrial organic chemicals that are entered under part IB consist chiefly 
of benzenoid intermediates and small quantities of acyclic compounds which are 
derived in whole or in part from benzenoid compounds. Also included are mix- 
tures and small quantities of finished products not specially provided for in 
part 1C (e.g., rubber-processing chemicals). In terms of value, 27.9 percent 
of all the benzenoid imports under part IB in 1981 came from West Germany; 23.2 
percent, from Japan; 9.8 percent, from the United Kingdom; and 7.1 percent, 
from Switzerland. 

Finished organic chemical products entered under part 1C include dyes, 
pigments, medicinals, flavor and perfume materials, pesticides, plastics 
materials, and certain other specified products. In terms of value 21.7 per- 
cent of all finished benzenoid imports under part 1C in 1981 came from 
West Germany; 19.9 percent, from Japan; 15.1 percent, from the United Kingdom; 
and 13.4 percent, from Switzerland. 



^Imports of Benzenoid Chemicals and Products, 1981, USITC Publication 1272, 
July 1982. 

Entered value and foreign invoice value are comparable for 1980-81. 



APPENDIX 



303 



TABLE 2.— Benzenoid chemicals and products: Summary of U.S 

GENERAL IMPORTS ENTERED UNDER SCHEDULE 4, 

Parts IB and 1C ; of the TSUS, 1981 







PERCENT 




PERCENT 




Part 


QUANTITY 


OF 
TOTAL 


ENTERED 
VALUE 


OF 

ENTERED 


UNIT 
ENTERED 






QUANTITY 




VALUE 


VALUE 




1,000 
pounds 




1,000 
pounds 




Per 
pound 


Schedule 4, Part IB and 














658,076 


100.0 


1,205,910 


100.0 


$1.83 




Schedule 4, Part IB- 


378,576 


57.5 


437,266 


36.3 


1.16 


Schedule 4, Part 1C- 


279,500 


42.5 


768,644 


63.7 


2.75 



Source: Compiled by the U.S. International Trade Commission from records of 
the U.S. Customs Service. 

Note — The totals shown in this table differ from those given in the official 
statistics of the U.S. Department of Commerce chiefly because of differences in 
coverage and in the methods used in compiling the data. 



APPENDIX 



305 



TABLE 3.— Cyclic Intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names 



COMMON NAME 



A Acid 

Acetyl-p-phenylenediamine- 
1,2,4-Acid 



Acid yellow 9 

p-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid- 

m-Aminobenzoyl J acid 

Aminoepislon acid 

Amino G acid 

Amino J acid 

Amino R salt 

Aniline oil 

Anthraf lavic acid 

Anthraruf in 

Armstrong & Wynne's acid 



B Acid 

2B Acid 

4B Acid 

Benzal chloride 

Benz an throne 

Benzo trichloride — 

Bisphenol A 

B.O.N. 

Broenner's acid 

Bromamine acid 

Bromobenzanthrone- 



C Acid (Cassella acid) 

C.A. Acid 

C-Amine (Lake Red C acid)- 

Chicago Acid (SS acid) 

Chlorobenzanthrone 

Chromotropic acid 

Chrysazin 

1,6-Cleve's acid 

1,7-Cleve's acid 

Crocein acid 

2-Cyanopyridine 

3-Cyanopyridine 

Cyanuric chloride 



D Acid- 

DADI 

DDB 



Decacyclene 

Dehydrothio-p-toluidine 

Developer Z 

o-Dianisidine 

l,l'-Dianthrimide 

Dibenzanthrone 

Dichlone 

4,4 ' -Dihydroxydiphenylsulf one- 
Dimethyl POPOP 

4 , 5-Dinitrochrysaz in 

Dioxy S acid 

Diphenyl Epsilon Acid 

Durene 



Epsilon Acid (Andresen's acid)- 



F Acid 

Fast Red G base 

Fast Scarlet R base- 
Fischer's aldehyde — 

Fischer's base 

Freund's acid 



STANDARD (CHEMICAL ABSTRACTS) NAME 



3 , 5-Dihydroxy-2 , 7-naphthalened isul f onic acid . 
4' -Aminoacetanilide. 
4-Amino-3-hydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (l-Amino-2- 

naphthol-4-sulfonic acid) . 
6- Amino- 3, 4 ' -azodibenzene sulfonic acid. 
Sulfanilic acid and salt. 

4-Hydroxy-7-(m-aminobenzamido)-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
7-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
6-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
3-Amino-2 , 7-naphthalenedisulf onic ac id . 
Aniline 

2,6-Dihydroxyanthraquinone. 
1 , 5-Dihydroxyanthraqu inone . 
4-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid. 

5-Amino-4-hydroxy-l, 7-naphthalenedisulf onic acid. 

6-Amino-4-chloro-m-toluenesulfonic acid. 

6-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid. 

a, a-Dichloro toluene. 

7H-Benz[de]anthracen-7-one. 

a,a,a-Trichlorotoluene. 

4 ,4 '-Isopropylidenediphenol. 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid. 

6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

l-Amino-4-bromo-2-anthraquinonesulfonic acid. 

3-Bromo-7H-benz[de]anthracen-7-one 

3-Amino-l,5-naphthalened isul f onic acid. 

3-Amino-6-chloro-4-sulfobenzoic acid. 

2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid. 

4-Amino-5-hydroxy-l, 3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

Chloro-7H-benz [de]anthracen-7-one. 

4 ,5-Dihydroxy-2, 7-naphthalenedisulf onic acid. 

1 , 8-Dihydroxyanthraquinone . 

5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

7-Hydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Picolinonitrile. 

Nicotinonitrile. 

2,4,6-Trichloro-s-triazine. 

6-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Dianisidine diisocyanate 

p-Dibutoxybenzene. 

Diacenaphtho[l,2-j :1' , 2'-H]f luoranthene. 

2-(p-Aminophenyl)-6-methylbenzothiazole. 

3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one. 

3,3' -Dime thoxybenz id ine . 

1 , 1 '-Iminodianthraqu inone. 

Violanthrone. 

2 , 3 -Dichloro-1, 4 -naphthoquinone. 

4 ,4'-Sulfonyldiphenol. 

l,4-Bis[2-(4-methyl-5-phenyloxazolyl) ] benzene. 

l,8-Dihydroxy-4 , 5-d in it roan thraqu inone. 

4 ,5-Dihydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

6,8-Dianilino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

1,2,4, 5-Tetramethylbenzene. 

8-Hydroxy-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

7-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
2-Nitro-p-toluidine (UHj-l). 
5-Nitro-o-anisidine [NH 2 =1]. 
l,3,3-Trimethyl-<$ 2 ,a-indolineacetaldehyde. 
l,3,3-Trimethyl-2-methyleneindoline. 
4-Amino-2 , 7-naphthalenedisulf onic ac Id . 



306 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1981 

TABLE 3.— Cyclic Intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names— Continued 



COMMON NAME 



STANDARD (CHEMICAL ABSTRACTS) NAME 



G salt 

Gamma ac id- 
Gold salt— 



H Acid 

Hellimellitene- 



Indoxyl 

Isodurene- 



Acld 

Acid Urea- 



K Acid 

Koch's Acid- 



L Acid 

Lake Red C amine- 
Laurent's acid 



M Acid 

MEP 

Mesitylene 

Methane base 

Michler's hydrol- 
Michler's ketone- 

MOCA 

MVP 



Naphthionic acid 

o-Naphthionic acid 

8-Naphthol 

Naphthol AS 

a-Naphthylamine 

Neville & Winther's acid- 
m-Nitrobenzoyl J acid 



Oxy Koch's acid- 



Pent aanthrimide 

Peri Acid 

Phenylbiphenyl 

N-Phenyldiethanolamine — 

Phenyl Gamma acid 

Phenyl J acid 

Phenyl peri acid 

Picric acid 

POPOP 

Pseudocumene 

Pyrazo lean throne 

Pyrazoleanthrone yellow- 
Pyrazolone T 



Quinizarin 

2-Quinizarinsulfonic acid- 
Quinoline yellow base 



R salt 

RG Acid (Violet acid) 

Rhoduline acid (J Acid Imide)- 
RR acid 



S Acid 

Schaffer's acid 

Silver salt 

Solvent Yellow 1 

Solvent Yellow 3 

SS Acid (Chicago acid)- 

Sulfanilic acid 

o-Sulfobenz aldehyde 



7-Hydroxy-l , 3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

6-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt. 
9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-l-anthracenesulfonic acid and salt. 

4-Amino-5-hydroxy-2, 7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, 

(8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid) . 
1,2,3-Trimethylbenzene. 

3(2H)-Indolone. 
1,2,3,5-Tetramethylbenzene. 

7-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt. 
7,7'-Ureylenebis[4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid] . 

4-Amino-5-hydroxy-l,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-l , 3, 6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid. 

5-Hydroxy-l-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 
2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid. 
5-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

8-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

5-Ethyl-2-picoline (2-Methyl-5-ethylpyridine) . 

1,3, 5-Trimethylbenzene . 

4,4'-Methylenebis[N,N-dimethylaniline] . 

4,4'-Bis[dimethylamino]benzhydrolJ 

4,4'-Bis[dimethylamino]benzophenone. 

3 ,3 '-Dichloro-4 ,4 ' -diaminodiphenylmethane 

5-Vinyl-2-picoline. 

4-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

l-Amino-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 

2-Naphthol, tech. 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthanilide. 

1-Naphthylamine . 

4-Hydroxy-l-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 

4-Hydroxy-7-(m-nitrobenzamido)-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

l-Naphthol-3 , 6 , 8-t risulf onic acid . 

1,4,5, 8-Tet rakis ( 1-an thraquinonylamino) anthraquinone . 

8-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Terphenyl. 

2,2 '-[ (Phenyl) imino]diethanol . 

6-Anilino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

7-Anilino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

8-Anilino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

2,4, 6-Trinitrophenol . 

l,4-Bis[2-(5-pheyloxazolyl) ] benzene. 

1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene. 

Anthra [1 , 9-cd] pyraz61-6(2H) -one. 

[3,3'-Bianthra[l,9-cd]pyrazole]-6,6'-(2H,2'H)dione. 

5-Oxo-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid. 



1,4-Dihydroxyanthraquinone. 

9 , 10-Dihydro-l , 4-dihydroxy-9 , 10-dioxo- 

Quinophthalone. 



2-anthracenesulfonic acid. 



3-Hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, disodium salt. 
4-Hydroxy-2, 7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
7,7'-Iminobis[4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid] . 
3-Amino-5-hydroxy-2, 7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

4-Amino-5-hydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
6-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-2-anthracenesulfonic acid and salt. 
p-Phenylazoaniline and hydrochloride. 
4-(o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine. 

4-Amino-5-hydroxy-l, 3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
p-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid. 
o-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid. 



APPENDIX 



307 



TABLE 3, --Cyclic Intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names—Continued 



COMMON NAME 



STANDARD (CHEMICAL ABSTRACTS) NAME 



Tetralin 

Thioindoxyl 

Thiosalicylic acid 

Tobias Acid 

TODI 

o-Tolidine 

a-Toluic acid 

cc-Tolunitrile 

4-m-Tolylenediamine 

Trimellitic anhydride 

Trimethyl base 

Trinitrophenol 

Urea J Acid (J Acid Urea) 

Veratraldehyde 

Veratrole 

Vinyl toluene 

Violet acid (RG Acid) 



1,2 ,3,4-Tetrahydronaphthalene. 

3 ( 2H) -Thianaphthenone . 

o-Mercaptobenzoic acid. 

2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Bitolylene diisocyanate. 

3,3' -Dimethy lbenz id ine . 

Phenylacetic acid. 

Phenylacetonitrile. 

Toluene- 2 ,4-diamine. 

1,2,4-Benzenetricarboxylic acid, 1,2-anhydride. 

1,3, 3-Trimethyl-2-methyleneindoline . 

Picric acid. 

7, 7'-Ureylenebis [4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid] , 

3 , 4-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde 
o-Dimethoxybenzene. 
ar-Methylstyrene. 
4-Hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 



•U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1982-0-587-604/1286