(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Synthetic organic chemicals"

BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 9999 06317 168 8 



I SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



United States Production 
and Sales, 1988 



(Investigation No. 332-135) 
















USITC PUBLICATION 2219 
SEPTEMBER 1989 



United States International Trade Commission 
Washington, DC 20436 



RECENT REPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE 
COMMISSION ON SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



iSynthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1980 

(USITC Publication 1183, 1981), $9.00 
1 Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1981 

(USITC Publication 1292, 1982), $8.50 
ISynthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1982 

(USITC Publication 1422, 1983), $7.50 
1 Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1983 

(USITC Publication 1588, 1984), $9.50 
ISynthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1984 

(USITC Publication 1745, 1985). $12.00 
2Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1985 

(USITC Publication 1892, 1986), $19.00 
2Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1986 

(USITC Publication 2009, 1987), $16.00 
1 Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1987 

(USITC Publication 2118, 1988), $15.00 



■I Report is out of print. 

2 Report may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, 
DC 20402. All U.S. international Trade Commission reports produced by the Government Printing Office may be 
consulted in off leal depository libraries throughout the United States. 



UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

United States Production and Sales, 1988 



U.S. Government Printing Office 
Washington, 1989 

USITC Publication 2219 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office 
Washington, DC 20402 



UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION 



COMMISSIONERS 

Anne E. Brunsdale, Chairman 

Ronald A. Cass, Vice Chairman 

Alfred E. Eckes 

Seeley G. Lodwick 

David B. Rohr 
Don E. Newquist 



Office of Industries 
Vern Simpson, Acting Director 



This report was prepared principally by Cynthia B. 
Foreso, Jesse Lawrence Johnson, Dr. Aimison Jonnard, 
Eric Land, Edward Matusik, David Michels, 
Elizabeth R. Nesbitt, James Raftery, Edward J. Taylor, 
Cynthia Trainer, and Steve Wanser. 

Assistance in the preparation of the report was provided 
by Kenneth R. Kozel, Gwen L. Bennett, Brenda Carroll, 
Sharon Greenfield, Lemuel Shields, and Darlene Smith. 
Automa tic Data Processing input was provided by 
Barbara Bobbitt, James Gill, and Marie Jagannathan. 
Electronic publishing and design was provided by 
Pamela Chase, Joyce Bookman, and Betsy Davis-Nichols. 



Address all communications to 

Kenneth R. Mason, Secretary to the Commission 

United States International Trade Commission 

Washington, DC 20436 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 
CONTENTS 

Page 

Introduction 1 

Summary 3 

General 5 

Sections 

1. Coal tar, tar crudes and pitches l-.l 

2. Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion 2-1 

3 Cyclic intermediates 3-1 

4. Dyes 4-1 

5. Organic pigments 5-1 

6. Medicinal chemicals 6-1 

7. Flavor and perfume materials 7-1 

8. Plastics and resin materials 8-1 

9. Rubber-processing chemicals , 9-1 

10. Elastomers 10-1 

11. Plasticizers 11-1 

12. Surface-active agents 12-1 

13. Pesticides and related products 13-1 

14. Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical production 14-1 

15. Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 15-1 

Appendixes 

A. Directory of manufacturers A-1 

B. Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names B-1 

C. U.S. production and sales, 1985 harmonized system basic C-1 

D. Alphabetical chemical index D-1 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, li 



Introduction 

This is the 72st annual report of the U.S. 
International Trade Commission on domestic 
production and sales of synthetic organic 
chemicals and the raw materials from which they 
are made. The report, along with the quarterly 
report titled Preliminary Report on U.S. 
Production of Selected Synthetic Organic 
Chemicals (Including Synthetic Plastics and Resin 
Materials), is prepared under investigation No. 
332-135, Synthetic Organic Chemicals Reports. 
This investigation is conducted under the 
authority of section 332(g) of the Tariff Act of 
1930 (19 U.S.C. 1322(g)), for the purpose of 
collecting data and preparing public reports on 
synthetic organic chemicals, plastics materials, 
medicinal chemicals, pesticides, and other organic 
chemical products. The annual report consists of 
15 sections, each covering a specified group 
(based principally on use) of organic chemicals as 
follows: Coal tar, tar crudes and pitches; primary 
products from petroleum and natural gas for 
chemical conversion; cyclic intermediates; dyes; 
organic pigments; medicinal chemicals; flavor and 
perfume materials; plastics and resin materials; 
rubber-processing chemicals; elastomers; 

plasticizers; surface-active agents; pesticides and 
related products; miscellaneous end-use chemicals 
and chemical products; and miscellaneous cyclic 
and acyclic chemicals. Data have been supplied 
by approximately 718 producers. 

Each of the 15 sections is headed by a 
summary of the statistical data. The first table in 
each section gives statistics on products and 
groups of products in as great detail as is possible 
without revealing the operations of individual 
producers. Statistics for an individual chemical or 
group of chemicals are given only when there are 
three or more producers, no one or two of which 
may be predominant. Moreover, even when 
there are three or more producers, statistics are 
not given if there is any possibility that their 
publication would violate the statutory provisions 
relating to unlawful disclosure of information 
accepted in confidence by the Commission.'' 

Data are reported by producers for only those 
items where the volume of production or sales or 
value of sales exceeds certain minimums. Those 
minimums for all sections are 5,000 pounds of 
production or sales or $5,000 of value of sales 
with the following exceptions: Plastics and resin 
materials— 50,000 pounds or $50,000; pigments, 
medicinal chemicals, flavor and perfume 
materials, and rubber-processing chemicals— 
1,000 pounds or $1,000. They are usually given 
in terms of undiluted materials; however, products 
of 95 percent or greater purity are considered to 
be 100 percent pure. Commercial concentrations 
are applicable for dyes, certain plastics and resins, 
and a few solvents; such concentrations are 
specifically noted. 

M8 U.S.C. u 1905 and 44 U.S.C. u 3508. 



The statistics given in this report include data 
from all known domestic producers of the items 
covered and include the total output of each 
company's plants, i.e., the quantities produced for 
consumption within the producing plant, as well as 
the quantities produced for domestic and foreign 
sale. The quantities reported as produced, 
therefore, generally exceed the quantities 
reported as sold. Some of these differences, 
however, are attributable to changes in inventory. 

The second table in each section lists all items 
for which data on production or sales have been 
reported, by primary manufacturers, identified by 
manufacturers' codes. Each code consists of not 
more than three capital letters and is assigned on 
a permanent basis. 

The third table in each section is a directory, 
alphabetized by the codes of the manufacturers 
reporting in that section. 

Appendix A is a directory, alphabetized by the 
names of the manufacturers reporting in all 
sections and which includes their general 
corporate phone numbers and office addresses. 

Appendix B lists synonymous names for cyclic 
intermediates. Information on synonymous 
names of the organic chemicals included in this 
report may be found in the SOCMA Handbook: 
Commercial Organic Chemical Names, published 
by the Chemical Abstracts Service of the 
American Chemical Society, or the Colour Index 
(Revised Third Edition), published jointly by the 
Society of Dyes and Colourists and the American 
Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists. 

Appendix C presents the data in this report 
aggregated in the format of the Harmonized 
System (HS) nomenclature on a 6-digit HS basis. 

Appendix D is an alphabetical index of all the 
products in this edition of the report. 

Data contained in this report are compiled 
primarily from Commission's questionnaires sent 
to domestic producers and represent the best data 
available to the Commission. While the data 
supplied in the questionnaires are checked against 
data previously supplied by the submitting firm 
and with data supplied by other domestic 
producers, data are not independently verified by 
direct Commission examination of the books of 
companies furnishing information. Data 

contained in this report should not be used for 
investment and other purposes without 
independent verification. 

As specified in the reporting instructions sent 
to manufacturers, production and sales (unless 
otherwise specified) are defined as follows: 

PRODUCTION is the total quantity of a 
commodity made available by Original 
Manufacturers Only within the customs 
territory of the United States (includes the 50 
states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto 
Rico). It covers synthetic organic chemicals, 
specified crudes from petroleum and coal tar, 
and certain chemically described natural 
products, such as, alkaloids, enzymes, and 



Introduction 



perfume isolates. It is the sum— expressed in 
terms of 100% active ingredient unless 
otherwise specified in the reporting in- 
structions—of the quantities: 

Produced, separated, and consumed in the 
same plant or establishment. A 
Commodity is considered separated 
either when it is isolated from the 
reactive system or when it is not 
isolated, but weighed, analyzed, or 
otherwise measured. This includes 
by-products and co-products that are 
not classifiable as waste materials; 

Produced and not isolated, but directly 
converted to a finished or semifinished 
item not included in this report (e.g., 
polyester film, polyurethane tires, nylon 
fiber, bar soap, etc.). (See specific 
instructions in individual sections); 

Produced and transferred to other plants or 
establishments of the same firm or 100% 
owned subsidiaries or affiliates; 

Produced and sold to, or bartered with, 
other firms (including less than 100% 
owned subsidiaries); 

Produced for others under toll agreements 
(see general instructions); 

Produced and held in stock. 

PRODUCTION EXCLUDES: 

Purification of a commodity, which is 
purchased by, or transferred from 
within, the company, unless inclusion of 
such processing is specifically requested 
in the reporting instructions for 
individual sections; 

Intermediate products which are formed in 
the manufacturing process, but are not 
isolated from the reaction system— that 



is, not weighed, analyzed, or otherwise 
measured; except such products as 
described above as being produced and 
not isolated, but directly converted to a 
finished or semifinsihed item. 

Materials that are used in the process but 
which are recovered for re-use or sale; 

Waste products having no economic 
significance. 

SALES are actual quantities of commodities sold 
by Original Manufacturers Only. Sales 
include the quantity and value of: 

Shipments of a commodity for domestic use 
or for export, or segregation in a 
warehouse when title has passed to the 
purchaser in a bona fide sale; 

Shipments of a commodity produced for 
you by others under toll agreement; 

Shipments to subsidiary or affiliated 
companies, provided the ownership is 
less than 100%. 



transfers within a 



SALES EXCLUDE: 

All intra-company 
corporate entity; 

All shipments to 100% owned subsidiary or 
affiliated companies; 

All resales of imported or purchased 
material, including materials obtained 
by barter; 

All shipments of commodity produced for 
others under toll agreements. 

VALUE OF SALES is the net dollar receipts of 
sales f.o.b. plant or warehouse, or delivered. 
F.o.b. values are preferred, but if they are not 
readily available form your records, delivered 
values are acceptable. 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



C|||v^jjjn|^ Eleven sections showed an increase in production 

in 1988 over 1987. Flavor and perfume materials 

Combined production of all synthetic organic (-162 million pounds) increased by 28.5 percent; 

chemicals and primary products from petroleum organic pigments (116 million pounds) increased 

and natural gas in 1988 was 387,659 million ^y 23.4 percent; surface-active agents (7,316 

pounds-an increase of 2.4 percent from the million pounds) increased by 16.7 percent; 

output in 1987 (which also included data on tars) plasticizers (2,300 million pounds) increased by 

(table 1). Sales of these materials in 1988, which 15^ percent; miscellaneous end-use chemicals 

totaled 216,487 million pounds, valued at ^^d chemical products (28,528 million pounds) 

$93,406 million, were 5.1 percent larger than in increased by 13.1 percent; pesticides and related 

1987 in terms of quantity and 26.2 percent more products (1,164 million pounds) increased by 

in terms of value. These figures include data on ^2.0 percent; dyes (280 million pounds) 

production and sales of chemicals measured at increased by 9.9 percent, miscellaneous cyclic and 

several successive steps in the manufacturing acyclic chemicals (105,923 million pounds) 

process, and, therefore, they necessarily reflect increased by 8.1 percent; plastics and resin 

some duplication. During 1984-88, the total materials (63,536 million pounds) increased by 

output of these products rose each year except for 53 percent; cyclic intermediates (58,405 million 

1985 (figure 1). During that period the output of pounds) increased by 5.8 percent; elastomer 

these products generally followed the trend of the (synthetic rubber) (4,907 million pounds) 

Federal Reserve Board Index of U.S. Production. increased by 4.6 percent; of the remaining 

In 1988, production of all synthetic organic sections, rubber processing chemicals (353 million 

chemicals, including cyclic intermediates and pounds) showed a decreased of 7.7 percent; 

finished products totaled 273,248 million pounds, medicinal chemicals (258 million pounds) 

or 8.0 percent more than the output in 1987. decreased 0.9 percent in 1988 from that in 1987. 

Table 1 

Synthetic organic chemicals and their rav/ materials U.S. production and sales, 1986 and 1987 

Sales 

Production Quantity Vaiue 

increase Increase increase 

or or or 

decrease decrease decrease 

(-), 1988 (-),1988 (-),1988 

over over over 

Ciiemical 1987 1988 1987' 1987 1988 1987' 1987 1988 1987' 

trillion iviillion trillion trillion !\/iiiiion l^illion 

pounds pounds Percent pounds pounds Percent dollars dollars Percent 

Grand total 378,465 387,659 2.4 206,048 216,487 5.1 74,012 93,406 26.2 

Tar 2,291 1,970 -14.0- (=) F) F) F) F) F) 

Primary products from 

petroleum and natural 

gas 123,119 112,441 -8.7 59,677 58,795 -1.5 7,620 10,517 38.0 

Synthetic organic 

chemicals, totaP 253,055 273,248 8.0 146,371 157,692 7.7 66,392 82,889 24.9 

Cyciic Intermediates .. . 55,196 58,405 5.8 23,206 26,491 14.2 7,562 9,369 23.9 

Dyes 255 280 9.9 230 251 9.2 677 766 13.1 

Organic pigments 94 116 23.4 83 87 4.3 586 595 1.4 

Medicinal chemicals. .. 261 258 -0.9 167 228 36.9 1,534 1,831 19.4 
Flavor and perfume 

materials 126 162 28.5 81 95 16.6 726 866 19.3 

Plastics and resin 

materials 59,481 63,536 6.8 51,170 55,240 8.0 26,066 33,831 29.8 

Rubber-processing 

chemicals 382 353 -7.7 289 266 -8.0 359 424 18.1 

Elastomer (synthetic 

rubber) 4,690 4,907 4.6 3,109 3,234 4.1 2,714 2,982 9.9 

Plasticizers 1,998 2,300 15.1 1,876 1,874 -0.1 896 1,001 11.8 

Surface-active agents . 6,269 7,316 16.7 3,923 4,261 8.6 1,713 2,303 34.5 
Pesticides and related 

products 1,040 1,164 12.0 911 935 2.7 4,171 4,354 4.4 

Miscellaneous end-use 

chemicals and chemical 

products 25,223 28,528 13.1 21,010 22,518 7.2 7,355 9,449 28.5 

Miscellaneous cyclic and 

acyclic chemicals ... 98,040 105,923 8.1 40,317 42,212 4.7 12,032 15,118 25.7 

' Percentage calculated from figures rounded to thousands. 

2 Not available 

3 Because of rounding, figures may not add to the totals shown. 

Note.— Data for 1988 does not include ethane, propane, and butane production. 

Source: Compiled from data received In response to questionnaire of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



General 



Table 2— Continued 

Synthetic organic cliemicals summary of U.S. production and saies of intermediates and finished 

products, 1967, 1987, and 1988 

(Production and sales in tliousands of pounds; sales value In thousands of dollarsj 



Chemicals 



1967' 



1987 



Increase or decrease (-) 



1988 over 
1967 



1988 over 
1987 



5. Flavors and Perfume Materials 

Cyclic: 

Production 57,978 

Sales 47,285 

Sales value 52,866 

Acyclic: 

Production 53,558 

Saies 49,311 

Sales value 40,495 

6. Plastics and Resin Materials 

Cyclic: 

Production 5,033,497 

Sales 4,224,121 

Sales value 1 ,036,940 

Acyclic: 

Production 8,759,452 

Sales 7,753,242 

Sales value 1 ,635,690 

7. Rubber-Processing Chemicals 

Cyclic: 

Production 220,139 

Sales 169,970 

Sales value 116,318 

Acyclic: 

Production 43,994 

Sales 30,878 

Sales value 15,477 

8. Elastomers (Synthetic Rubber) 

Production 3,822,545 

Sales 3,262,044 

Sales value 874,237 

9. Plasticizers 

Cyclic: 

Production 929,871 

Sales 865,084 

Sales value 167,827 

Acyclic: 

Production 332,908 

Sales 296,767 

Sales value 93,142 

10. Surface-Active Agents 

Cyclic:^ 

Production 1,418,444 

Sales 852,238 

Sales value 95,810 

Acyclic: 

Production 2,060,851 

Sales 897,786 

Sales value 220,877 

11. Pesticides and Related Products 

Cyclic: 

Production 823,158 

Sales 681,532 

Sales value 627,742 

Acyclic: 

Production 226,505 

Sales 215,831 

Sale value 159,301 

12. Miscellaneous End-Use Chemicals 
and Chemical Product 

Cyclic: 

Production (1 ,535,922) 

Sales (775,540) 

Sales value (283,575) 

See footnotes at end of table. 



70,740 

56,239 

647,255 


78,378 

57,060 

704,353 


35.2 

20.7 

1232.3 


10.8 
1.5 
8.8 


55,414 
25,225 
79,081 


83,708 

37,920 

161,742 


56.3 
-23.1 
299.4 


51.1 

50.3 

104.5 


17,665,771 
14,941,653 
10,582,852 


18,870,234 
16.130,150 
13,735,504 


274.9 

281.9 

1224.6 


6.8 

8.0 

29.8 


41,814,939 
36,228,390 
15,483,286 


44,665,906 
39,110,090 
20,095,787 


409.9 
404.4 
1128.6 


6.8 

8.0 

29.8 


354,372 
262,853 
336,204 


318,482 
236,299 
397,388 


44.7 

39.0 

241.6 


-10.1 

-10.1 

18.2 


27,642 
25,978 
22,783 


34,248 
29,370 
26,525 


-22.2 
-4.9 
71.4 


23.9 
13.1 
16.4 


4,690,358 
3,108,761 
2,714,048 


4,906,572 
3,234,468 
2,982,130 


28.4 

-0.8 

241.1 


4.6 
4.1 
9.9 


1,455,074 

1,451,905 

627,675 


1,774,602 

1,439,828 

700,084 


90.9 

66.4 

317.2 


22.0 
-0.8 
11.5 


543,421 
423,667 
267,991 


525,814 
433,762 
301,219 


58.0 

46.2 

223.4 


-3.2 

2.4 

12.4 


2,646,680 

1,991,374 

595,083 


3,032,382 
2,282,000 
1,000,033 


113.8 
167.8 
943.8 


14.6 
14.6 
68.1 


3,621,853 
1,931,643 
1,117,633 


4,283,694 
1,979,221 
1,303,218 


107.9 
120.5 
490.0 


18.3 

2.5 

16.6 


647.516 

592,839 

2,828,226 


759,704 

572,160 

3,054,331 


-7.7 
-16.0 
386.6 


17.3 
-3.5 
-8.0 


392,021 

317,756 

1,342,357 


404,129 

363,014 

1,299,407 


78.4 

68.2 

715.7 


3.1 
14.3 
-3.2 



3,510,100 


3,389,523 


(=) 


-3.4 


1,904,165 


2,741,704 


(=) 


44.0 


3,952,458 


1,984,420 


{') 


-49.8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 2— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals summary of U.S. production and sales of Intermediates and finished 

products, 1967, 1987, and 1988 

(Production and sales In thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollarsj 



Increase or decrease (-) 



1967' 



1987 



1988 over 
1967 



1988 over 
1987 



12. Miscellaneous End-Use Chemicals 
and Chemical Product— Conf/nued 

y'Vcvctic ' 

Production (58,159,771) 

Sales (25,225,631) 

Sales value (3,192,119) 

13. Miscellaneous Cyclic and 
Acyclic Chemicals 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



21,713,001 

19,106,276 

3,402,665 



2,887,467 
1,305,231 
1,397,386 

95,152,792 
39,012,069 
10,634,765 



25,138,350 

19,776,367 

7,464,116 



3,272,790 
1,521,560 
1,747,959 

102,650,079 
40,690,420 
13,369,576 



(=) 
(=) 



(=) 

(=) 
(=) 
(=) 



15.8 

3.5 

119.4 



13.4 
16.6 
25.1 

7.9 

4.3 

25.7 



' Standard reference base period for Federal Government general-purpose index numbers. 

* Does not include data for elastomers. 
3 Includes ligninsulfonates. 

* The data for 1967 are not comparable with current data as a result of a change in accounting procedures. 
» Items in these two sections were previously included in the section named misceiianeous chemicals. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 

The following tabulation shows, by chemical groups, the number of companies that reported 
production in 1988 of one or more of the chemicals included in each group. 



Chemical group 

Cyclic intermediates . , 

Dyes 

Organic pigments 

Medicinal chemicals 

Flavor and perfume materials 
Plastics and resins materials . 
Rubber-processing chemicals . 



Number of 

companies Chemical group 

178 Elastomers (synthetic rubber) 

35 Plasticizers 

32 Surface-active agents 

85 Pesticides and related products 

33 Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and 
259 chemicals products 

23 Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic 

chemicals 



Number of 
companies 

31 

45 

155 

70 

164 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Section 1 

Coal Tar, Tar Crudes and 
Pitches 

Coal tar is produced chiefly by the steel 
industry as a by-product of the manufacture of 
coke; water-gas tar and oil-gas tar are produced 
by the fuel-gas industry. Production of coal tar, 
therefore, depends on the demand for steel; 
production of water-gas tar and oil-gas tar reflects 
the consumption of manufactured gas for 
industrial and household use. Water-gas and 
oil-gas tars have properties intermediate between 
those of petroleum asphalts and coal tar. 
Petroleum asphalts are not usually considered to 
be raw materials for chemicals. 

The U.S. International Trade Commission 
began collecting data on crude coal tar for the 
1986 reporting year. In 1988, U.S. production of 
crude coal tar decreased to 162 million gallons 
from 189 million gallons in 1987. Production of 
crude light oil increased from 66 million gallons, 
in 1987 to 69 million gallons in 1988. 

Tar crudes are obtained from coke-oven gas 
and by distilling coal tar, water-gas tar, and oil-gas 
tar. The most important tar crudes are benzene. 



toluene, xylene, creosote oil, and pitch of tar. 
Some of these products are identical with those 
obtained from petroleum. Data for materials 
obtained from petroleum are included, for the 
most part, with the statistics for like materials 
obtained from coke-oven gas and tars, and are 
shown in table 3. 

The domestic production by coke-oven 
operators of industrial and specification grades of 
benzene, toluene and xylene cannot be published 
since to do so would disclose the operations of 
individual companies. Some of the products 
obtained from tar and included in the statistics in 
table 3 are obtained from other products for 
which data are also included in the table. The 
statistics, therefore, involve considerable 
duplication, and for this reason no group totals or 
grand totals are given. 

Table 4 lists the products reported in this 
section and indicates the manufacturer (s) of each 
by code. These codes are identified by company 
name in table 5. 

Data for 1988 tar crudes were supplied by 25 
companies and company divisions. 

Cynthia B. Foreso 
202-252-1348 



Figure 2 

Coal tar and tar crudes: U.S. production, 1984-88 



Millions 
of gallons 

360 



320 


'j 
















280 




240 - 




200- 




















mmm 




160 - 




mm 








120- 

80- 

40- 

0- 





































1984 



1985 



1986 1987 1988 

Note.— Data for 1985 are not available. 
Source: Compiled from data received In response to qgestlonnalres of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



1-1 



Section 1 

Table 3 

Coal tar, tar crudes and pitches: U.S. production and sales, 1988 



Sales 



Coal tar, tar crudes and pitches 



Unit of 
Quantity 



Production 



Quantity 



Value 



Average 

Unit 

value^ 



Crude coal tar: 

Coke-oven operators 

Crude light oil: 

Coke-oven operators 

Light-oil distillates: 

Benzene, all grades, total^ 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum refiners* 

Toluene, all grades, total^ 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum refiners' 

Xylene, all grades, total^ 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum refiners^ 

Other tar distillates: 
Crude tar acid oils (having a tar acid 
content of 59% to less than 24%) . 

Creosote oil (Dead oil) (100% creosote 

basis) : 
Distillate as such (100% creosote 

basis) 

Creosote in coal tar solution (100% 

solution basis) 



1,000 gal 

1,000 gal 

1,000 gal 
1,000 gal 
1,000 gal 
1,000 gal 
1,000 gal 
1,000 gal 
1,000 gal 
1,000 gal 
1,000 gal 



1,000 gal 



Tar and tar pitches: 

Refined tar for uses other than 
road tar 



162,170 

68,801 

(=) 
(^) 
1,588,333 
(^) 
(=) 
873,685 

(=) 
720,897 



132,844 

68,673 

(=) 

{') 

1,091,164 

(=) 

n 

513,213 

(^) 

413,518 
2,648 



1,000 
dollars 

49,734 

33,766 

(= 
(= 
1,133,458 
( 
( 

444,179 
( 
( 

369,215 

3,106 



$0.37 
.49 



86 



.89 



1.17 



Pitch of tar: 
Hard 



1.000 gal 


54,418 


36,923 


19,859 


.54 


1,000 gal 


23,510 


50,477 


21,491 


.43 


1,000 gal 


11,197 


(^) 


(') 


[') 


1,000 tons 


591 


n 


(') 


[') 



' Unit value per gallon or ton as specified. 

2 Includes data for material produced for use In blending motor fuels. The annual production statistics for petroleum 
refiners on benzene, toluene, and xylene are not comparable with the combined monthly production figures because 
of fiscal year revisions. 

3 Statistics cannot be published; to do so would disclose the operations of individual companies. 
" Benzene, high purity (98-100%). 

s Toluene, high purity (98-100%). 

^ IVlixed xylenes, high purity (98-100%). 

Note 1.— Statistics for materials produced In tar and petroleum refineries are compiled by the U.S. International 
Trade Commission. 

Note 2.— Data for all other tars and tar crudes are not Included In the 1988 report because publication would disclose 
the operations of individual companies. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



1-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 4 

Coal tar, tar crudes and pitches for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 



Coal tar, tar crudes and pitches 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 5) 



Light oil, light oil distillates, and tar bases: 

Crude light oil; 
Crude coal tar 



Crude light oil 



Yes 
Yes 



Light oil distillates; 
Benzene (Benzol): 

Tar (bases; crude bases (dry basis) No 

Toluene (Toiuol); 

Toluene (Toluol) other grades No 

All other; 

All other light-oil distillates No 

Other tar distillates: 
Naphthalene, crude; 

Methyinaphthalene No 

Naphthalene, crude, solidifying at less than 74°C .... No 
Naphthalene, crude, solidifying at 76°C to less 

than yg'C No 

Crude tar add oils; 
Crude tar acid oils having a tar acid content of 5 

percent to less than 24 percent Yes 

All other crude tar acid oils: No 

Cresyiic acid, crude: 

Sodium cresylate No 

Creosote oil (Dead oil): 
Creosote oil (Dead oil); creosote content In 

solution (100 percent basis) No 

Creosote oil (Dead oil); creosote In coal tar 

solution (100 percent solution basis) Yes 

Creosote oil (Dead oil): distillate as such 

(100 percent creosote basis) Yes 

All other distillate products; 

Carbon black oil No 

Crude coal tar solvent No 

Priming and refractory oil No 

All other tar distillates No 

Tar and tar pitches: 
Tar, road: 

Tar, road No 

Tar for other uses: 

Tar for other uses: crude No 

Tar for other uses: refined Yes 

Pitch of tar: 

Pitch of tar: hard (M.P. 161° F and over) Yes 

Pitch of tar: medium (M.P. 110° To 160° F) No 

Pitch of tar: soft (IVI.P. 80° To 109° F) No 

All other; 
All other pitch of tar No 



ALS, ART, CGU, DTR, EKO, GSS, ILI, 
INL, KPT, LTV, NBC, SGO, TWD, WPS. 

ALS, ART, BTS, CGU, EKO, GSS, ILI, 
KPT, LTV, NBC, NTS, SGO, TWD, - 
USX, WPS. 



ABP, INL, KPT, NTS, USX. 

ABP. 

LYP. 



KPT. 

BTS, COP, GSS. 



ACS, KPT. 



ACS, INL, KPT. 
NTS. 



KPT. 



RIL. 






ACS, 


ART, 


KPT, RIL. 


ACS, 


ART, 


COP, KPT, RIL. 


ACS. 






KPT. 






ART, 


BTS, 


KPT. 


GIV. 






ACS, 


RIL. 





ALS, BTS, IGC. 
ACS, COP, KPT, RIL. 

ACS, ART, KPT, RIL. 
ART, COP, KPT, RIL. 
ART, COP. 

WPS. 



' Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported In this section are indicated by "Yes." Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are Indicated by "No." 

Source: Compiled from data received In response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Section 1 



Table 5 

Coal tar, tar crudes and pitches: 



Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1988 



Code 



Name of company 



Code Name of company 

GSS Gulf States Steel 

IGC Indiana Gas & Chemical Corp. 

ILI Acme Steel Corp. 

INL Inland Steel Co. 

KPT Beazer Material & Service, Inc. 

LTV LTV Steel Co. 

LYP Lyondell Petrochemical Co. 

NBC New Boston Coke Corp. 

NTS National Steel Corp. , Great Lakes Plant 

RIL Reiily Industries, Inc. 

SGO Shenango, Inc. 

TWD Tonawanda Coke Corp. 

USX USS, DIV., Of USX 

WPS Wheeling-Pittsburg Steel Corp. 



ABP Drummond Co. Inc. 

ACS Allied Signal, Inc. , Engineered Materials 

Sector 
ALS Armco, Inc. 

Eastern Steel DIv. 
ART Aristech Chemical Corp.: 

Chemical DIv. 

Gary Works 

BTS Bethlehem Steel Corp. 

CGU Citizen Gas And Coke Utility 

COP Coopers Creek Chemical Corp. 

DTR Detroit Coke Corp. 

EKO Empire Coke Co. 

GIV Givaudan Corp. 



Note. — Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed In app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S International Trade Commission. 



1-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Section 2 

Primary Products from 

Petroleum and Natural Gas 

for Chemical Conversion 

Primary products that are derived from 
petroleum and natural gas are related to the 
intermediates and finished products made from 
such primary materials in much the same way that 
crude products derived from the distillation of 
coal tar^ are related to their intermediates and 
finished products. Many of the primary products 
derived from petroleum are identical with those 
derived from coal tar (e.g., benzene, toluene, and 
mixed xylenes). Considerable duplication exists 
in the statistics on the production and sales of 
primary petroleum products because some of 
these primary chemicals are converted to other 
primary products derived from petroleum and 
because data on some production and sales are 
reported at successive stages in the conversion 
process. The statistics are sufficiently accurate, 
however, to indicate trends in the industry. Many 
of the primary products for which data are 
included in the statistics may be used either as fuel 
or as basic materials from which other chemicals 
are derived. In this report every effort has been 
made to exclude data on materials that are used 
as fuel; however, data are included on toluene 
and mixed xylenes, which are used in blending 
aviation and motor fuel. 

The total production of primary products 
derived from petroleum and natural gas during 



' Statistics on chemicals from coal tar are given in 
Section 1 (Tar and Tar Crudes) of this report. 



1984-88 is shown in figure 3. Beginning in 1988, 
production and sales data no longer are collected 
for ethane, propane, and butane. Total 
production for primary products during 1988 
amounted to 112,441 million pounds, a 9 percent 
increase over 1987 production without ethane, 
propane, and butane data. 

The output of aromatic and naphthenic 
products from petroleum amounted to 29,220 
million pounds in 1988, compared with 26,762 
million pounds in 1987. Sales amounted to 
$2,254 million in 1988 and $1,946 million in 
1987. In 1988, production of high purity benzeiie 
was 11,627 million pounds; production of high 
purity toluene was 6,299 million pounds; and 
production of high purity mixed xylenes was 5,479 
million pounds (table 6) . 

Production of all aliphatic hydrocarbons and 
derivatives from petroleum and natural gas was 
83,220 million pounds in 1988. Sales of these 
products were valued at $8,262 million. 
Production of ethylene was 37,204 million pounds 
in 1988. The output of 1,3-butadiene was 3,169 
million pounds and propylene production was 
21,224 million pounds during 1988 (table 6). 

Table 7 lists the products reported in this 
section and indicates the manufacturer of each by 
code. The codes are identified by company name 
in table 8. 

Data for 1988 primary products from 
petroleum and natural gas for chemical 
conversion were supplied by 67 companies or 
company divisions. 

James Raftery 
202-252-1365 



Figure 3 

Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion: U.S. production 1984-88 

Billions 
of pounds 



120- 














^&M^ 






— 




^^pii 






MSSSS, 






iiSS^X?#i? 










100- 
80- 
60- 




ft'.'*'fv.'*'S>. ■'•Sx '"'••}■:•.'•'•:■•.■. 






^^ 




^B 




^^ 




^^ 




^s 








■ 




■ 




^^m 




H 


- 


40- 
20- 

n- 


H 








H 




^M 




B 


- 


^M 




^M 




^M 








^^^ 





1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 

Note.— Data for 1988 does not include ethane, propane, and butane production. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



2-1 



Section 2 

Table 6 

Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion: 
U.S. production and sales, 1988 



Sales 



Primary products from petroleum and natural 
gas for chemical conversion 



Quantity 



Average 

Unit 

value'' 



1,000 
pounds 

Grand total 112,440,599 

Aromatlcs and naphthenes^ 

Total 29,220,164 

Benzene, all grades, total (^) 

High purity (98-100%) 

Other (90-97.9%) 

Toluene, all grades, total 

High purity (98-100%) 

Other (90-97.9%)" » 

Xylenes, mixed, total 

High purity (98-100%) 

Other (90-97.9%) 

All other aromatlcs and naphthenes^ 

Aliphatic hydrocarbons 

Total 83,220,435 

Cz Hydrocarbons, totaP 37,203,908 

Acetylene^ (For chemical use only) (^) 

Ethylene 37,203,908 

Ca Hydrocarbons, totaP 21 ,223,882 

Propyiene^o 

C4 Hydrocarbons, total" 

Butadiene and butylene fractions 1 ,869,981 

1,3-Butadiene, grade for rubber (elastomers) . 3,168,823 

1-Butene 638,464 

Isobutane 969,092 

Isobutylene 1 ,243,805 

All other C4 hydrocarbons'^ 4,684,387 

Cs Hydrocarbons, total 3,332,654 

Isoprene (2-Methyl-1 ,3-butadiene) 367,706 

n-Pentane 255,039 

Pentenes, mixed 288,160 

Piperylene (1 ,3-Pentadiene) 122,989 

All other C5 hydrocarbons'^ '" 2,298,760 

All other aliphatic hydrocarbons, derivatives and 

mixtures, total 8,885,439 

Alpha olefins, C6-C,o 871,310 

Alpha olefins, C,, and higher 694,074 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



18,205,338 



P) 



40,589,756 



14,553,625 



14,553,625 



1,123,645 

2,914,724 

349,236 

490,669 

396,652 

1,093,390 

1,091,027 



244,163 

116,702 
730,162 



5,220,612 



385,877 



1,000 
dollars 



58,795,094 10,516,612 



11,626,594 
P) 


7,987,323 


1,133,458 


6,299,270 
(=) 

(=) 


3,707,473 


444,179 
P) 


5,478,817 
(^) 

5,815,483 


3,142,740 
3,367,802 


369,215 
(^) 

307,261 



8,262,499 



3,695,038 



3,695,038 



21,223,882 


13,356,176 


2,196,937 


12,574,552 


6,368,316 


1,073,176 



127,568 

632,780 

80,213 

41,415 

67,327 

123,873 

132,577 



44,115 

n 

16,986 
71,476 



Per 
pound 



.12 



.14 



.12 



n 



.12 
n 



.25 

.16 

.16 

.17 

.11 
.22 
.23 
.08 
.17 
.11 



.18 
(^) 

n 

.15 
.10 



(^) 
.43 



2-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 6— Continued 

Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion: 

U.S. production and sales, 1988 



Primary products from petroleum and natural 
gas for chemical conversion 


Production 


Sales 




Average 


Quantity 


Value 


value^ 




1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 


1.000 
dollars 


Per 
pound 


Aliphatic hydrocarbons— Continued 
All other aliphatic hydrocarbons, derivatives and 
mixtures— Continued 


336,849 
158,806 
678,535 
576,229 
2,289,879 
3,279,757 


294,157 
155,693 
758,286 
302,611 
1,699,444 
1,624,544 


59,039 
23,581 
76,227 
66,017 
226,404 
547,985 


.20 ■ 


n-Heptane 

Hexane 

Nonene (Tripropylene) 

n-Parafflns^° 


.15 
.10 
.22 
.13 


All other'* 


.34 







' Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ The chemical raw materials designated as aromatics are In some cases Identical with those obtained from the 

distillation of coal tar; however, the statistics given in the table above relate only to such materials as are derived 

from petroleum and natural gas. Statistics on production and/or sales of benzene, toluene, and xylene from all 

sources are given In table 1 of the report on "Tar and Tar Crudes." 

3 Reported data are accepted In confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 

* Includes toluene, solvent grade, 90 percent. 

^ Includes toluene and xylene used as solvents; may Include that which is blended in aviation and motor gasolines. 

® Includes data for alkyl aromatics, crude cresylic acid, cyclopentane, naphthalene, naphthenic acid, carbon black 

feedstock, distillates, solvents and miscellaneous cyclic hydrocarbons. Also includes production and/or sales data for 

the other than high purity grades of benzene, toluene, and mixed xylenes. 

^ Ethane production and sales data are no longer collected. 

° Production figures on acetylene from calcium carbide for chemical synthesis are collected by the U.S. Bureau of 

the Census. 

^ Propane production and sales data are no longer collected. 

^° Includes data for refinery propylene. 

'^ Butane production and sales data are no longer collected. 

'2 Includes production and/or sales data for 2-butene, mixtures of 1-butene and 2-butene, and mixed C4 streams. 

13 Includes data for mixtures of Cg hydrocarbons, isopentane, and 2-pentene. 

"• Includes sales data only for n-pentane and mixed pentenes. 

'= Includes data for the following chain lengths: Cs-Cg, Cg-Cu, C,o-C,4. C,o-C,e, C,2-C,e and others. 

1* Includes production and/or sales data for acetylene, alpha olefins (Cg-Cio), methane, isoheptanes, isohexane, 

Iso-octane, neohexane, mixed hexenes, mixed heptenes, mixed octenes, n-octane, di-isobutylene, elcosane, 

mixtures of C^ and Cg, Cg-Cs, Cj-Ct, Cg-Cy hydrocarbons, hydrocarbon derivatives, and other hydrocarbons. 

Source: Compiled from data received In response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



Section 2 



Table 7 



Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which U.S. production 
and/or sales were reported. Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Primary products from petroleum and natural 
gas for chemical conversion 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 8) 



Aromatics and naphthenes: 

Alkyl aromatics: 

Cyclosois No 

Aii other ail<yi aromatics No 

Benzene total; 

Benzene high purity (98-100%) Yes 

Benzene other No 

Cresyiic acid (less than 75 percent distilling 

over 215° C) No 

Cyclopentane No 

Naphthalene No 

Naphthenic acid: 

Naphthenic acid, acid number 150-199 No 

Naphthenic acid, acid number 200-224 No 

Naphthenic acid, acid number 225-249 No 

Naphthenic acid, acid number less than 150 No 

Toluene total: 

Toluene high purity (98-100%) Yes 

Toluene other No 

Xylenes, mixed, total: 

Xylene high purity (98-100%) Yes 

Xylene other No 

All other aromatics and naphthenes: 

Aromatics, Cg No 

Benzene, toluene, xylene, mixtures No 

All other products from petroleum and natural 

gas, cyclic Yes 



Aliphatic hydrocarbons: 

C, Hydrocarbons: 
Methane No 

Cj Hydrocarbons: 

Acetylene (for chemical use only) No 

Ethylene Yes 



C3 Hydrocarbons: 
Hydrocarbons, Cz-Cg 
Propylene 



No 
Yes 



C4 Hydrocarbons: 

Butadiene and butylene fractions Yes 

1 ,3-Butadlene, grade for rubber (Elastomers) Yes 

1 -Butene Yes 

2-Butene No 

1-Butene and 2-butene, mixed No 

Hydrocarbons, C4 fraction No 



CXI. 
SHC. 

AiVIO, ASH, CCP, CNE, CSD, CSP, DOW, 
ENJ, GRS, HES, LYP, MOC, PLC, PPR, 
SHC, SID, SM, see, SOG, SUN, SWR, 
TOC, TX, UOC, USi. ' 

AMO, KHI, KLM, VST. 

KHI, PSG. 
PLC. 
CXI, TX. 

CPS, HEC, MER. 
MER, PSG. 
PSG. 
HEC, SHC. 

ASH, CNE, CSD, DOW, ENJ, GRS, HCL, 
HES, KHI, LYP, MOC, PLC, PPR, PPX, 
SC, SHC, SiO, SM, SOG, SUN, SWR, 
TOC, TX, UOC. 

SHC, SOC. 

AMO, ASH, CSD, ENJ, GRS, HES, LYP, 
PLC, PPR, SHC, SOG, SUN, SWR, 
UOC. 

AMO, MOC, TOC. 

MOC. 
ELP. 

AMO, ASH, BAS, BFG, EKX, ELP, ENJ, 
LYP, OMC, PLC, SHC, TX, UCC, UPM, 
VST. 



SHO. 

RH, UCC. 

AMO, BAS, BFG, CNE, DOW, DUP, EKX, 
ELP, ENJ, HKO, KHI, LYP, MCB, OMC, 
PLC, SHC, SM, SOC, SUN, TX, UCC, 
USI, UTP, VST. 

CGO, TU, UCC. 

AMO, ASH, BAS, BFG, CCP, CGO, CLK, 
CNE, CSD, DA, DOW, DUP, EKX, ELP, 
ENJ, GRS, HKO, KHI, LYP, MCB, MOC, 
PLC, PPS, SHC, SiO, SM, SOC, SOG, 
SUN, TOR, TX, UCC, USI, UTP, VLR, 
VST. 

BAS, DA, DOW, EKX, ELP, HKO, PLC, 

SOC, TX, UCC, USi, VST. 
AMO, CNE, DOW, ENJ, LYP, SHC, SM, 

TPC, TX. 
ENJ, SHC, SM, SOC, TNA, TPC. 
TPC. 

LYP, SHC, TNA. 
KHI, TX. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 7— Continued 

Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which U.S. production 

and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Primary products from petroleum snd natural Separate 

gas for chemical conversion statistics^ 

Aliphatic hydrocarbons— Continued 

C4 Hydrocarbons— Continued 

Hydrocarbons, C4 mixtures No 

Isobutane (2-Methyipropane) Yes 

Isobutylene (2-Methylpropene) Yes 

Ail other C^ hydrocarbons No 

Cs Hydrocarbons: 

Hydrocarbons, Cs mixtures No 

Isopentane (2-Methylbutane) No 

Isoprene (2-Methyi-1 ,3-butadiene) Yes 

n-Pentane Yes 

2-Pentene No 

Pentenes, mixed Yes 

Piperyiene (1 ,3-Pentadiene) Yes 

Ail other Cs hydrocarbons No 

Aii other aliphatic hydrocarbons, derivatives, and 
mixtures, total: 
Ce Hydrocarbons: 

Hexane Yes 

1 -Hexene No 

Hexenes, mixed No 

Hydrocarbons, Cj-Ce mixtures No 

Hydrocarbons, Cs-C? mixtures No 

Isohexane No 

Neohexane (2,2-Dimethyibutane) No 

Ail other Co hydrocarbons No 

C7 Hydrocarbons: 

n-Heptane Yes 

Heptenes, mixed No 

Hydrocarbons, Ce-C7 mixtures No 

Isoheptanes No 

Ail other C7 hydrocarbons No 

Cg Hydrocarbons: 

Dl-isobutylene (Di-isobutene) No 

n-Octane No 

Octenes, mixed No 

2,2,4-Trimethylpentane (Iso-octane) No 

Aii other Cg hydrocarbons No 

C9 and above Hydrocarbons (except alpha olefins) : 

Dodecene Yes 

Eicosane No 

Nonene (Tripropyiene) Yes 

Alpha olefins: 

Alpha olefins, Ce-C,o Yes 

Alpha olefins, C,, and higher Yes 

N-Paraffins-carbon chain length: 

n-Paraffins, Cio-C,^ No 

n-Paraffins, C,o-C,b No 

n-Paraffins, C,2-C,e No 

n-Paraffins, Cg-Cg No 

n-Paraffins, C9-C,b No 

All other n-Parafflns No 

Poiybutene No 

Hydrocarbon derivatives: 

n-Butyi mercaptan (1-Butanethiol) No 

sec-Butyl mercaptan (2-Butanethlol) No 

tert-Butyi mercaptan (2-Methyl-2-propanethlol) No 

Dl-tert-butyl disulfide No 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list In table 8) 



LYP, iViCB, PPR, SOG. 

AlViO, CSP, DA, ENJ, KHI, PLC, SHO, 

SM, SUN, TX. 
AlViO, ATR, ENJ, SHC, TPC, TX. 
ENJ, SiVi, TX. 

GYR, HKO, LYP. 

PLC, SHO. 

DOW, ENJ, GYR, LYP, SOC. 

ASH, KHi, PLC, SHO. 

BFG, DOW. 

CSP, CXi, PLC, SHO, TX. 

CXI, DOW, LYP. 

DA, ENJ, SHC, TX. 



ASH, 


ENJ, 


HMY, 


PLC, 


SHO, SOG, 


UOC. 








PLC. 










ENJ. 










PLC. 










ENJ. 










PLC. 










PLC. 










PLC, 


SHC, 


SiVI, TX. 




ENJ, 


PLC, 


SOG, 


TX, UOC. 


ENJ, 


TX. 








TX. 










PLC. 










EKX, 


PPR. 








EKT, 


TPC, 








SOG, 










ENJ, 


TX. 








LYP, 


PLC. 








SHC. 










ATR, 


ENJ, 


SOC, 


SUN, 


UOC. 


HMY, 










ATR, 


ENJ, 


SOC, 


SWR, 


TX, UOC. 


SHC, 


SOC 


, TNA. 






SHC, 


SOC 


, TNA. 






ENJ, 


SHC, 


TX, UOC. 




VST. 










VST. 










SOG, 


UOC 








SHC, 


SOG 


, UOC 






ENJ, 


SOG, 


UOC. 






AMO 










PAS, 


PLC. 








HAP, 


PLC. 








HAP, 


PAS, 


PLC. 




,J^HI 


PLC. 








..^^^H 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2-5 



Section 2 



Table 7— Continued 

Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which U.S. production 

and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Primary products from petroleum and natural Separate Manufacturers' Identification codes 

gas for chemical conversion statistics' (according to list In table 8) 

Aliphatic hydrocarbons— Continued 

Hydrocarbon derivatives— Continued 

Diethyl sulfide (Ethyl sulfide) No HAP, PAS. 

Dimethyl sulfide No PAS. 

Ethyl mercaptan (Ethanethioi) No HAP, PAS, PLC. 

Ethylthloethanoi No HAP. 

Isopropyi mercaptan (2-Propanethioi) No HAP, PAS, PLC. 

Methyl ethyl sulfide No CED, HAP, PAS. 

Methyl mercaptan (Methanethioi) No PAS. 

Octyi mercaptans No PAS. 

n-Propyl mercaptan (1-Propanethloi) No PAS, PLC. 

Thiophane (Tetrahydrothiophene) No HAP. 

Ail other hydrocarbon derivatives No PAS, PLC, SHC. 

All other hydrocarbons, Cg and above. Including 

mixtures No NES, PLC, SOC, TNA. 

' Chemicals for which seperate statistics are reported in this section are Indicated by 'Yes.' Chemicals for which 

data are accepted In confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'No.' 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



2-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 8 

Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion: Directory of manufacturers, 

alphabetical by code, 1988 

Code 



Name of company 



Code Name of company 

LYP Lyondell Petrochemical Co. 

MCB Borg-Warner Corp. , Borg-Warner 

Chemicals 

MER Merlchem Co. 

MOC Marathon Petroleum Co., Texas 

Refining DIv. 

NES Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co. 

OMC Olln Corp. 

PAS Pennwalt Corp. 

PLC Phillips 66 Co. 

PPR Phillips Puerto Rico Core, Inc. 

PPS P/P Splitter Venture 

PPX Phillips Paraxylene, Inc. 

PSQ PMC Specialities Group, Inc. 

RH Rohm & Haas Co. 

SHC Shell Oil Co. , Shell Chemical Co. 

SHO Shell OH Co. 

SIO BP Oil Company 

SM Mobil Oil Corp: 

Gas Liquids Dept. 

Mobil Chemical Co., Petrochemicals 
DIv. 

SOC Chevron Corp. , Chevron Chemical Co. 

SOG Hill Petroleum Company 

SUN ...... Sun Company, Inc. 

SWR Southwestern Refining Co., Inc. 

TCR Texas City Refining, Inc. 

TNA Ethyl Corp. 

TOC Tenneco OH Co. 

TPC Texas Petrochemicals Corp. 

TU Tenn-USS Chemicals Co. 

TX Texaco Chemical Co. 

UCC Union Carbide Corp. 

UOC Union Oil Co. of California 

UPM UOP, Inc. 

USI Quatum Chemical Corp. , USI DIv. 

UTP Union Texas Petroleum 

VLR Valero Refining Co. 

VST Vista Chemical Co. 



AMO Amoco Corp. 

ASH Ashland Oil, Inc., Ashland Petroleum 

Co. 
ATR Atlantic Richfield Co., Arco Chemical 

Co. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BFG B. F. Goodrich Co., B.F. Goodrich 

Chemical Group 

CCP Crown Central Petroleum Corp. 

CED Cedar Chemical Co. 

CGO Citgo Petroleum Corp. 

CLK Ciarl< Oil & Refining Corp. 

CNE Cain Chemical, Inc. 

CPS CPS Chemical Co. , inc. 

CSD Fina Oil & Chemical Co. , 

Cosden Chemical DIv. 

CSP Coastal Refining & Marketing, Inc. 

CXI Chemical Exchange industries. Inc. 

DA Diamond Shamrocl( Refining & Marl<etlng 

DOW Dow Chemical Co. 

DUP E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. 

Petrochemicals Dept. 
Eastman Kodak Co.: 

EKT Tennessee Eastman Co. DIv. 

EKX Texas Eastman Co. DIv. 

ELP Rexene Products Company 

ENJ ...... Exxon Chemical Americas 

GRS Champiin Petroleum Co. 

GYR Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 

HAP National Gas Odorizing, inc. 

HCL Hoechst Ceianese Corp. 

Bayport works 

HEC Hewchem 

HES Amerada Hess Corp. (Hess Oil Virgin 

Islands Corp) 

HKO Occidental Chemical Corp., Olefins DIv. 

HMY Humphrey Chemical Co. 

KHI Koch Refining Co. 

KLM Kalama Chemical, Inc. 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are Hsted In app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission 



2-7 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Section 3 
Cyclic Intermediates 

Cyclic intermediates are synthetic organic 
chemicals derived principally from petroleum and 
natural gas and from coal-tar crudes produced by 
destructive distillation (pyrolysis) of coal. Most 
cyclic intermediates are used in the manufacture 
of more advanced synthetic organic chemicals and 
finished products, such as dyes, medicinal 
chemicals, elastomers (synthetic rubber), pesti- 
cides, and plastics and resin materials. Some 
intermediates, however, are sold as end products 
without further processing. For example, refined 
naphthalene may be used as a raw material in the 
manufacture of 2-naphthol or of other more 
advanced intermediates, or may be packaged and 
sold as a moth repellant or as a deodorant. In 
1988, about 45 percent of the total output of 
cyclic intermediates was sold; the rest was 
consumed chiefly in the producing plants in the 
manufacture of more advanced intermediates and 
finished products. 

The total annual production of cyclic 
intermediates during 1984-88 is shown in figure 
4. Total production of cyclic intermediates in 
1988 amounted to 58,405 million pounds, an 



increase of 6 percent compared with production 
reported to the Commission in 1987. Reported 
sales of cyclic intermediate chemicals in 1988 
were 26,491 pounds, valued at $9,369 million, 
compared with 23,206 million pounds, valued at 
$7,562 million, in 1987. 

Intermediates that were produced in excess of 
1 billion pounds in 1988 were terephthalic acid 
and terephthalic acid dimethyl ester (10,234 
million pounds), ethylbenzene (9,929 million 
pounds), styrene (8,985 million pounds), 
p-xylene (5,601 million pounds), cumene (4,455 . 
million pounds), phenol (3,562 million pounds), 
cyclohexane (2,297 million pounds), bisphenol A 
(1,340 million pounds), cyclohexanone (1,057 
million pounds), and aniline (1,029 million 
pounds) . These intermediate chemicals produced 
in excess of 1 billion pounds accounted for about 
83 percent of the total output of cyclic 
intermediate chemicals produced in 1988. 

Table 10 lists the products reported in this 
section and indicates the manufacturer (s) of each 
by code. These codes are identified by company 
name in table 11. 

Ed Matusik 
202-252-1356 



Figure 4 

Cylic Intermediates: U.S. production, 1984-88 



Billions 
of pounds 



50- 



20' 



10 -i 













tmsm 

:■■.: ■■:•■.: ■■;■:■. ■■;■■.■. ■ 


1 

1 

1 

m 

1 






B 










: :\ ' 










1 

i 

i 

i 


■ 










SK^jS 





































1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 

Source: Compiled from data received In response to questionnaires of tlie U.S. International Trade Commission. 



3-1 



Section 3 



Table 9 

Cyclic Intermediates: 



U.S. production and sales, 1988 



Cyclic Intermediates 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Average 

Unit 

value'' 



1,000 
pounds 

Grand total 58,404,663 

4-Amlno-5-methoxy-2-methylbenzenesulfonlc 

acid (5-methyl-o-anlsldlnesulfonlc acid) 1 ,758 

p-[(p-Amlnophenyl)azo]benzenesulfonlc acid 252 

Aniline (Aniline oil) 1 ,029,189 

Anillnomethanesuifonic acid and salt 478 

BIphenyl 60,521 

Chlorobenzene, mono- 270,71 1 

Cresols and cresylic acld^ 82,349 

Cumene 4,454,525 

Cyclohexane 2,296,732 

Cyciohexanone 1 ,057,281 

DIcyclopentadiene (Including cyclopentadiene) 130,410 

2,4-(and 2,6-)Dlnltrotoluene 981 ,606 

Ethylbenzene 9,929,277 

Isocyanic acid derivatives, total 1 ,706,967 

Dlphenylmethane-4,4'-dllsocyanate . (MDI) 364,963 

Poiymethylene polyplienylisocyanate 589,176 

Toluene-2,4- and 2,6-dllsocyanate (80/20 mixture) 741,573 

All other Isocyanic acid derivatives 11 ,255 

4,4'-isopropyiidenedlplienol (Bisphenoi A) 1 ,340,167 

o-Nltroanlilne 8,366 

Nonyiphenol 201 ,220 

Octylpiienol 41 ,964 

Phenol, total 3,561 ,734 

From cumene 2,862,753 

All other phenol 698,981 

Phthaiio anhydride 998,515 

Salicylic add, tech 28,186 

Styrene 8,984,474 

Terephthallc acid, dimethyl ester* 10,233,949 

Tetrahydrofuran 93,804 

o-Xyiene 970,549 

p-Xylene 5,601,185 

Ail other cyclic Intermediates 4,338,494 



1,000 
pounds 



26,490,507 



1,000 
dollars 



9,369,068 



(^) 

677,900 

(=) 

23,702 

94,614 

72,147 

2,792,735 

2,129,326 

157,002 

107,266 

253,017 

1,430,295 



(=) 
472,146 
638,085 
320,064 
422,221 

{") 
98,325 

1,576,263 



1,257,791 

318,472 

575,018 

(^) 

3,783,186 

n 

1,077,217 
3,378,425 
7,841,848 



(=) 

n 

182,154 

6,850 
26.621 
48,463 
531,369 
404,723 
75,463 
22,306 

n 

73,118 
1,188,016 



381,297 
548,464 
258,255 
230,301 

46,172 
601,255 



472,121 
129,134 
167,669 

{') 
1,619,678 

(^) 

178,348 

734,134 

3,232,428 



Per 
pound 



$0.35 



(^) 
(=) 
.27 
(^) 
.29 
.28 
.67 
.19 
.19 
.48 
.21 
(') 
.29 

.83 

{') 
.81 
.86 
.81 
.55 

n 

.47 
{') 

.38 

.38 
.41 
.29 
(^) 
.43 

{') 

.17 
.22 
.41 



< Calculated from unrounded figures. 

^ Reported data were accepted In confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 

" Does not Include data for coke oven and gas-retort ovens. 

* The figure for terephthallc add, dimethyl ester (DMT) includes both the acid itself and the dimethyl ester without 

double counting. The acid production figure was multiplied by the factor 1.16 to convert It to equivalent DIVIT. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. international Trade Commission. 



3-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 10 

Cyclic Intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified 
by manufacturer, 1988 



Cyclic Intermediates 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list In table 11) 



Cyclic 



Aoetoacetanlllde No 

o-Acetoacetanlsldlde No 

o-Acetoacetotoluldlde No 

2' ,4'-Acetoacetoxylldlde No 

Acetoacet-m-xylldlde No 

Acetoguanamlne No 

1 ' -Acetonaphthone No 

Acetophenone, tech No 

p-Acetotoluldlde No 

2-Acetylpyrldlne No 

Adamantane No 

Aldadlene No 

Alkylbenzenes: 

Alky (benzene straight-chain (except dodecyl 

and tridecyi) No 

Dodecylbenzene (including tridecyibenzene) : 

Dodecylbenzene, straight-chain No 

Dodecylbenzene, other No 

Aiicyiphenois , mixed No 

Aiicyipyridines , mixed No 

Aluminum chiorohydroxyphthaiocyanine blue No 

4'-Aminoacetaniiide (Acetyl-p-phenyienediamine) No 

3'-Amino-p-acetanisidide No 

3-Amino-p-anisaniiide No 

1-Aminoanthraqulnone and salt No 

p-Aminobenzamide No 

1-Amino-4-benzamidoanthraquinone No 

3' -Aminobenzanliide No 

o-Aminobenzenethiol No 

p-Aminobenzoic acid, tech No 

2-Amino-6-benzothiazoiesuifonic acid No 

2-Amino-1-bromo-3-chioroanthraquinone No 

1 -Amino-4-bromo-9 , 1 0-dihy dro-9 , 1 0-dioxo-2- 

anthracenesuifonic acid and sodium salt No 

7-Aminocephaiosporanic acid No 

2-Amino-5-chioro-4-ethyibenzene No 

2-Amino-5-chioropyridlne No 

6-Amino-5-chioro-m-toluenesuifonic acid [S03H=1] 

(2B Acid) No 

6-Amlno-2,4-dlchioro-3-methylphenol No 

4-Amlno-N,N-dl(p-hydroxyethyl)aniiine sulfate No 

4-Amino-5-methoxy-2-methyibenzenesulfonic acid (5- 

methyi-o-anisidinesuifonic acid) Yes 

m-[(4-Amino-3-methoxyphenyi)azo]benzenesuifonic acid No 
3- [ (4-Amlno-5-methoxy-o-tolyi) azo] -1 , 5-naphthaiene- 

dlsuifonlc acid No 

2-Amlno-2-methylpropyi 8-bromotheophyiiinate No 

2-Amino-4-methylpyridine No 

2-Amino-5-methylpyridine No 

2-Amino-4-methylpyrimldine (2-Amlno-4-methyi-1 ,3- 

diazine) No 

3-Amino-2,7-naphthalenedisuifonic acid No 

2-(4-Amino-2-nitroanliino)ethanol No 

2-Amlno-4-nitrophenol No 

2- [ (2-Amino-4-nitrophenyi) amino] -2-hydroxymethyi-1 , 3- 

propanedioi No 

2-Amino-5-nitrothiazoie No 

2-Amino-4-nltrotoluene hydrochloride No 



BRD, 


EKT. 


BRD, 


EKT. 


BRD, 


EKT, HCL, 


EKT. 




BRD. 




DiX(E). 


GiV. 




S. 




EK. 




RiL. 




DiX(E). 


SRL. 




MON, 


, PLC. 


iViON, 


, VST. 


IVION 




PSG. 




RiL, 1 


P). 


PHC. 




HCL. 




HCL, 


SDC. 


PSG. 




SDC. 




NSC. 




P). 




HCL. 




FIVIT. 




NSC, 


WYK. 


VPC. 




PLC. 




VPC. 




BRS, 


TRD. 


TCH. 




RiL. 




DUP, 


PHC. 


EKT. 




WAY. 




PSG, 


VPC, (2). 


VPC. 




RUC. 




CHT. 




RiL. 




RiL. 




RiL. 




NES. 




SOM. 




SOM. 




SOM. 




PCW. 




PCW. 





See footnotes at end of table. 



3-3 



Section 3 



Table 10— Continued 



Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, 
by manufacturer, 1988 



Cyclic Intermediates 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 11) 



Cyclic — Continued 

3-Amino-2-oxazolldinone No 

5-Amino-2- [ (2-oxo-5-benzlmidazollnyl) amino] - 

benzenesulfonic acid No 

p-Aminophenol No 

p-[(p-Amlnophenyl)azo] benzenesulfonic acid Yes 

7-[(4-Aminophenyl)azo]-1 ,3-naphthalenedisulfonlc acid. No 

2-Aminopyridine No 

2-Aminothiazole nitrate No 

4-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [SOgHsl] No 

6-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid iS03H=1] No 

Amylpiienois, mixed isomers No 

Aniline (Aniline oil) Yes 

2-Anilinoethanol No 

Anilinomethanesulfonic acid and salt Yes 

o-Anisidlnomethanesulfonic acid No 

Anisole, tech No 

AnisoyI chloride No 

Anthranilic acid (o-Amlnobenzolc acid) No 

N,N'-(1 ,5-Anthraquinonylene)dianthranilic acid No 

Benzaldehyde, tech No 

Benzanilide No 

Benzenesulfonic acid No 

Benzenesulfonic acid, 2-formyl-, sodium salt No 

Benzenesulfonyl chloride No 

1,2,4-Benzenetricarboxyllc acid, 1 ,2-dianhydride 

(Trimeiiitic anhydride) No 

Benzhydrol (Diphenylmethanol) No 

Benzimidazole No 

1 ,3-Benzodioxole No 

Benzoic acid, 2-[4-(dlmethylamino)-benzoyl] No 

Benzoic acid, methyl ester No 

Benzoic acid, tech No 

Benzonitriie No 

2-Benzothiazolethiol, sodium salt No 

1 H-Benzotriazole No 

2-Benzoxazolethiol No 

Benzoyl chloride No 

Benzylamine No 

2-(Benzylamino)ethanol No 

5-(Benzylethylamino)-o-toluenesulfonlc acid No 

2-Benzyl-2 ' -hydroxy-5 , 9-dimethyl-6 , 7- 

benzomorphanhydrobromide No 

1-Benzyl-4-phenyllsonipecotic acid No 

Benzyltrichloroacetlmidate No 

Benzyltrlethylammonlum chloride No 

Benzyltrlmethylammonlum hydroxide No 

Biphenyi Yes 

1 ,4-Bis(3-amlnopropyl)piperazine No 

2,6-Bis(p-azidobenzylidene)-4-methylcyclohexanone .... No 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)anlllne No 

N,N-Bis((4-methylphenyl)sulfonyl)amine, potassium salt . No 

1 ,2-Bls(tribromophenoxy)ethane No 

Bromobenzene,mono No 

o-Bromobenzoic acid No 

4-Bromo-3,5-dihydroxybenzamlde No 

4-Bromo-3,5-dihydroxy benzoic acid No 

2-Bromo-4,6-dinitroaniline No 

1-Bromo-4-ethoxy-2-methylbenzene No 



BRS. 

PFZ. 

MAL. 

ATL, CGY, VPC. 

ACY. 

RIL. 

PCW. 

DUP. 

DUP, PHC. 

PSG. 

ART, DUP, FST, ICI, MAL, RUC, USR. 

TCH. 

ACY, ATL, CGY, VPC. 

CGY, VPC. 

CHF. 

SD. 

PSG. 

SDC. 

KLM. 

EK. 

UPF. 

n. 

ICI, UPF. 

AMO. 
PD. 
EK. 
AMB. 

n. 

HCF. 

KLM, PFZ, VEL. 

PSG. 

BFG, BKM, USR. 

PSG. 

EK. 

HK, VEL. 

HXL, KLM. 

HXL. 

HXL. 

SD. 

SDW. 

OMC. 

HXL. 

RSA. 

KHI, MON, see, TCC. 

TX. 

(^). 

TCH. 

EK. 

GTL. 

DAZ, GTL. 

PD. 

PCW. 

PCW. 

HCL. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



3-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 10— Continued 

Cyclic Intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified 
by manufacturer, 1988 



Cyclic intermediates 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to iist In table 11) 



Cyclic— Continued 



2-Bromopyrldlne No 

Butyl p-amlnobenzoate No 

p-Butylaniline No 

p-tert-Butylbenzaldehyde No 

n-Butylbenzene No 

2-tert-Butyl-p-cresol No 

6-tert-Butyl-o-cresol No 

tert-Butyldiphenylchlorosilane No 

2-[(1-Butyl-2-methyllndol-3-yl]carbonylbenzolc acid .... No 

o-sec-Butylphenol No 

o-tert-Butylphenol No 

p-sec-Butylphenol No 

p-tert-Butylphenol No 

Butylphenols, mixed No 

p-tert-Butyitoiuene No 

6-tert-Butyi-2,4-xylenoi No 

4,4'-Carbonyibis[phthaiic anhydride] No 

N-Carboxy-iVI-methyianthraniiic anhydride No 

4'-Chioroacetophenone No 

2-Chioro-4-aminotoluene No 

o-Chioroaniline No 

p-Chioroaniline No 

p-Chiorobenzaidehyde No 

Chiorobenzene, mono Yes 

p-Chlorobenzenesuifonic acid No 

2-ChIoro-1 ,4-dibutoxy benzene No 

1-Chioro-2,5-dibutoxy-4-nitrobenzene No 

2-Chioro-1 ,4-diethoxybenzene No 

1-Chloro-2,5-diethoxy-4-nitrobenzene No 

4'-Chioro-2' ,5'-dimethoxyacetoaoetaniiide No 

2-Chloro-1 ,4-dimethoxy benzene No 

2-Chloro-4,6-dlmethyianiline No 

1-Chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (Dinitrochiorobenzene) No 

3-Chlorodiphenyiamine No 

p-[(2-Chloroethyi)methyiamino]benzaidehyde No 

1-Chioro-2-nitrobenzene (Chioro-o-nitrobenzene) No 

1-Chioro-4-nitrobenzene (Chioro-p-nitrobenzene) No 

2-Chioro-4-nitrobenzoic acid No 

2-Chioro-4-nltrobenzoio acid, potassium salt No 

4-Chioro-3-nitrobenzotrifiuoride No 

2-Chioro-4-nitrotoiuene No 

2-Chiorophenothiazine No 

o-Chiorophenyicyciopentyi l<etone No 

N-(4-Chiorophenyi)-N'-(3,4-dichioropheny)urea No 

4-Chioro-o-phenyienediamine No 

4-Chlorophthaiic acid No 

1-(3-Chioropropyi)-4-methyipiperazine No 

3-Chioropropyl-2,5-xyiyl ether No 

2-Chioropyridine No 

4-Chiororesorcinol No 

5-Chiorosaiicyiic acid No 

2-(4-Chiorosuifonyiphenyi)ethyitrichlorosilane No 

7-Chioro-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-2-methyi-3- 

(2-methylphenyl)-4-oxo-6-quinozoienesuifonamide .... No 

o-Chlorotoluene No 

Q!-Chiorotoiuene (Benzyl chloride) No 

3-Chioro-p-toiuidine [NH2=1 ] No 

3- (2-Chioro-4-trifiuoromethyiphenoxy) toluene No 



DAZ. 
WYK. 
TNA. 
GIV. 
PLC. 
PSG. 
PSG. 
GGI, NOD. 

n. 

SCN, TNA. 

TNA. 

SCN. 

SCN. 

PSG, SCN, (2). 

GIV. 

GAP, PSG. 

ACH. 

n. 

LIL. 

LMC. 

DUP, LiVlC. 

bUP. 

PD. 

MON, PPG, sec. 

UPF. 

ALL. 

ALL. 

ALL. 

ALL. 

HCL. 

CHF. 

EKT. 

SDC. 

SK. 

VPC. 

DUP, MON. 

DUP, MON. 

SAL. 

SAL. 

DAZ. 

DUP, PCW. 

SK. 

PD. 

VPC. 

FMT. 

PSG. 

SK. 

PD. 

CMC. 

PCW. 

PCW. 

NOD. 

n. 
S. 

MON. 
DUP. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



3-5 



Section 3 

Table 10— Continued 

Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 
by manufacturer, 1988 



Cyclic intermediates 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 11) 



Cyclic— Continued 



4-Chloro-a,a,a-trifluoro-3-nitrotoluene No 

p-Chloro-a.a.a-trifluorotoluene No 

e-Chloro-a.a.a-trifluoro-m-toluidine No 

4-Chloro-3,5-xylenol No 

Copper, [2 , 2 ' , 2 " , 2 " ' - [z9H , 31 H-phthalacyaninepentyl- 

pental<is (methylene) ] pentakis [1 H-lsoindole-1 , 3 (2H) - 

dionato] ] No 

Cresols: 

m-Cresoi No 

o-Cresol: 

o-Cresoi, from petroleum No 

p-Cresol No 

Cresols, mixed: 
(m,p)-Cresol: 

(m,p)-Cresol, from petroleum No 

Cresyllc acid, refined: 

Cresyllc acid, refined; from petroleum No 

Cumene (Isopropyl benzene) Yes 

Cumenesulfonic acid No 

4-(Cyanoacetyl)morpholine No 

N-Cyano-s-methyl-N-2(4-methyl-5-imidazolyl)- 

methylthioethylisothiourea No 

Cyclohexane Yes 

1 ,4-Cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid No 

1 ,2-Cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid anhydride No 

Cyclohexanol No 

Cyclohexanone Yes 

Cyclohexanone oxime No 

Cyclohexene No 

4-Cyclohexene-1 ,2-dicarboxylic anhydride No 

Cyclohexene oxide No 

3-(1-Cyclohexenyl)ethylamine No 

Cyclohexylamine No 

Cyclohexylmethyldimethoxysilane No 

Cyclooctadiene No 

(2-Cyclopenten-1-yl)-2-propanone No 

Cyclopropene carboxylic acid, 3-(2-chloro-3,3,3- 

trifluoro-1 -propenyl) -2 ,2-dimethyl- (2-methyl [1 , 1 ' - 

biphenyl]-3-yl) methyl ester No 

2-Cyclopropylmethylamino-5-chlorobenzophenone No 

2-(N-Cyclopropylmethyl-N-phthalimidoacetyl)-amlno-5- 

chlorobenzophenone No 

p-Cymene No 

3-Diacetoxyethylaminobenzanilide No 

Diall<ylbenzene No 

1 ,3 Diaminocyclohexane No 

4,4'-Diaminodiphenyl sulfone No 

2,6-Dlaminopyridine No 

2,5-Dlanilinoterephthalic acid No 

m-Dibromobenzene No 

(1 ,2-Dibromoethyl)benzene No 

Dibromoethyldibromocyclohexane No 

2,6-Dibromo-4-nitroaniline No 

p-Dibutoxybenzene (DBB) No 

2,5-Dibutoxy-4-morpholinobenzenediazonium sulfate salt 

(DBB Sulfate) No 

2,5-Dibutoxy-4-morpholinonitrobenzene No 

2- ([4-Dibutylamino-2-hydroxy]carbonyl) benzoic acid .... No 



PCW. 
HK. 
PCW. 
PER. 

(^). 

MER. 

GE, MER, NPC, PSG. 
MER, PSG. 



MER, PSG. 

MER, NPC, PSG. 

ASH, BTL, GGC, GRS, KHI, SHC, SOC, 
TX. 

NES. 
DUP. 



SK. 

GRS, 

EKT. 

BCC. 

ACS, 

ACS, 

CNP. 

USR. 

DKA. 

USR. 

HXL. 

AlP, I 

NOD. 

DUP. 

GAP. 



NES. 
PD. 

PD. 

HPC. 

HCL. 

VST. 

DUP. 

TLI. 

RIL. 

VPC. 

DAZ. 

DAZ. 

TNA. 

HCL. 

ALL. 

ALL. 
ALL. 



PLC, PPR, SOC, SUN, TX, UOC. 



BAS, DUP, MON. 

BAS, CNP, DUP, MON, UCC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



3-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 10— Continued 

Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 
by manufacturer, 1988 



Cyclic Intermediates 



Separate 
statistics^ 



tJlanufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 11) 



Cyclic— Continued 



3-(Dibutylamino)phenol No 

Dibutyl-p-cresol No 

2 ,4-DI-tert-butylphenol No 

2,6-Di-tert-butylphenol No 

2 ,6-DI-tert-4-sec-butylphenoi No 

3,4-Dichloroaniline No 

o(and p)-Dlchlorobenzene No 

o-Dichlorobenzene No 

m-Dichlorobenzene No 

p-Dichlorobenzene No 

3,3'-Dichlorobenzldine base and salts No 

3,4-Dichlorobenzotrifluorlde No 

3,5-Dichlorobenzoyl chloride No 

4,6-Dichloro-1 ,3-dihydroxybenzene No 

Dichlorodlphenylsilane No 

2,6-Dichloro-3-methylaniline No 

Dichloromethylphenylsilane No 

2,6-Dichloro-4-nitroaniline No 

1 ,2-Dichloro-4-nitrobenzene No 

2,4-Dichloro-5-nltrotrifluoromethylbenzene No 

(E)-3-(2,4-Dichlorophenyl)-2-(2-nitro-4- 

trifluoromethylphenyl)propenoic acid No 

2,6-Dichloropyridine No 

p-a-Dlchlorotoluene No 

DIcyclohexylamine No 

Dicyclohexy lamina, nitrate salt No 

DIcyclopentadiene (Includes Cyclopentadiene) Yes 

a,Q;-Diethoxyacetophenone No 

p-Diethoxybenzene No 

2,5-diethoxy-4-morphollnonitrobenzene No 

p-(Diethylamino)benzaldehyde No 

2-[4-Diethylamino-2-hydroxybenzylbenzoic acid] No 

4-(Diethylamino)-2-methyibenzaldehyde No 

3-[(4'-N,N-Diethylamino)phenylazo]-1H-1,2,4-triazole .. No 

3-(Diethyiamino)propiophenone No 

N,N-Diethyianiiine No 

2 , 6-Diethylaniline No 

Diethyibenzene No 

N,N-Diethylcyclohexylamine No 

3,5-Diethyl-1 ,2-dlhydro-1-phenyl-2-prdpyipyridine No 

N,N-Dlethyl-p-phenylenediamine No 

3,5-Diethyitoluene-2,4-diamine No 

N,N-Diethyl-m-toluidlne No 

N,N-Diethyl-p-toluidine No 

6,11-Dlhydrodibenz(b,e)oxepin-11-one No 

2,3-Dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranoi No 

2- [2- (2 , 3-Dihydro-1 , 3-dloxo-1 H-inden-2yi) - 

(qulnolinyi)]-6-methylbenzothiazoie-7-suifonic acid .... No 
2 , 3-Dihydro-2- [6-methyi-7-suifo-2-benzothiazolyl] -2- 

qulnoiinyl-1 ,3-dioxo-1H-indene-5-carboxyiic acid No 

2,4-Dihydroxybenzaldehyde No 

3,4-Dihydroxybenzoic acid, methyl ester No 

2,4-Dihydroxybenzophenone No 

N,N-Di(p-hydroxyethyi)-m-chloroaniline No 

6,7-Dihydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid No 

Diisobutyl-o-cresol No 

m-Dllsopropenylbenzene No 

Diisopropylaniline No 



PSG. 

PSG, SON. 

TNA. 

CED. 

DUP. 

SCO. 

MON, PPG, SCO, SOI. 

MON. 

PPG, SCO, SOI. 

OWN, LIVIC. 

HK, (2). 

HK. 

PCW. 

DCC. 

SDC. 

DCC. 

OWN. 

DUP. 

DAZ. 

SK. 

OMC. 

HK. 

MP. 

OMC. 

DOW, ENJ, LYP, SHC, VEL. 

OWN. 

ALL. 

ALL. 

VPC. 

P). 

ACY. 

TCH. 

BCC, DUP. 

TNA. 

DOW, UPM. 

AlP. 

RIL. 

EK. 

TNA. 

DUP. 

RSA. 

PFZ. 

FMN. 

VPC. 

VPC. 

EK. 

PCW. 

ACY. 

iVIIL. 

CCC. 

PSG. 

EKT. 

TNA. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



3-7 



Section 3 



Table 10— Continued 



Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 
by manufacturer, 1988 



Cyclic intermediates 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 11) 



Cyclic— Continued 



Diisopropylbenzene No 

2,5-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde No 

m-Dimethoxybenzene No 

p-Dimethoxybenzene No 

m-(Dimetliylamlno) benzoic acid No 

2-[4-(Dimethylamlno)benzoyl]benzolc elcid No 

m-Dimethylamlnophenol No 

1 1 - [3 ( Dimethy lamino ) propyl] -6H-hydroxydibenz 

(b,e)oxepin No 

N,N-Dimethylanlllne No 

2 , 6-Dlmethylanillne No 

N,N-Dimethylbenzylamlne No 

Dimethyl-1 ,4-cyclohexanedicarboxylate No 

N,N-Dimethylcyclohexylamine No 

4,4'-Dimethyldiphenyl ether No 

5,5-Dlmethylhydantoin No 

2,6-Dlmethylnaphthalene No 

N,N'-Dlmethyl-3,4,9,10-perylenetetracarboxyllc acid 3, 

4:9,10-diimide No 

N,N-Dimethyl-o-toluldine No 

N,N-Dlmethyl-p-toluldlne No 

m-Dinltrobenzene No 

2,4-Dinitrobenzenesulfonlc acid, sodium salt No 

3,5-Dinitrobenzoic acid No 

3,5-Dinitrobenzoyl chloride No 

3,5-Dinltrochlorobenzenesulfonic acid, potassium salt .... No 

2,4-Dinitrophenol, tech No 

2,4-Dinitrophenoxyethanol No 

3,5-Dinitrosallcylic acid, methyl ester No 

p-Dlnltrosobenzene No 

4,4'-Dinitrostilbene-2,2'-dlsulfonic acid No 

2 ,4-Dlnitrotoluene No 

2,4(and 2,6)-Dlnitrotoluene Yes 

3,5-Dinitro-p-toluenesulfonlc acid No 

3,5-Dinitro-o-tolulc acid No 

DInonylhydroxybenzenesulfonIc acid No 

Dinonylphenol No 

Dl-para-benzoqulnone dloxlme No 

2,4-Di-tert-pentylphenol No 

Diphenylamlne No 

Diphenyldlmethoxysilane No 

DIphenyldlsulflde No 

1 -Diphenylhydrazone No 

Diphenyl phthalate No 

1 ,3-DI-4-plperidylpropane No 

2,5-Di-p-toluldlnoterephthalic acid No 

1 ,5-Diureidonaphthalene No 

Divinylbenzene No 

1 ,1-Di-3,4-xylylethane No 

Dodecylnitrobenzene No 

p-Dodecylphenol No 

5-Ethanoxy-3-trichloromethyl-1 ,2,4-thladlazole No 

Ethisterone No 

1-Ethoxy-3-methylbenzene No 

4-Ethoxy-2-methyl-N-phenylanillne No 

o-Ethylaniline No 

N-Ethylanillne, refined No 

2-(N-Ethylanilino)ethanol No 

3-(N-Ethylanillno)proplonltrile No 



EKT, GGC. 

CWN. 

ACY. 

CHF. 

HIL. 

EK. 

ACY, ALD, BCC. 

PFZ. 

DUP. 

TNA. 

ARS, HXL. 

EKT. 

AIR. 

TNA. 

BRD. 

UPM. 

VPC. 

RSA. 

FST, RSA. 

DUP, FST. 

EK. 

SAL. 

P). 

LMC. 

SDC. 

CMC. 

SAL. 

LC. 

CGY. 

DUP. 

ICI, MOB, RUC, (2). 

GAF, SON. 

SAL. 

P). 

TX. 

LC. 

PAS. 

ART, RUC, USR. 

NOD. 

PAH. 

EKT. 

EK. 

RIL. 

VPC. 

SOI. 

DOW, JSC. 

ACH. 

LMC. 

GAF, MON, SOC. 

OMC. 

SRL, UPJ. 

P). 

P). 

TNA. 

BCC, FST. 

TCH. 

TCH. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



3-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 10— Continued 

Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified 

by manufacturer, 1988 



Cyclic Intermediates 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 1 1) 



Cyclic— Continued 

a-(N-Ethylanlllno)-m-toluenesulfonic acid No 

Ethylbenzene No 

2-(N-Ethyl-N, |3-cyanoethyl)-4-acetamlnoanlsole No 

6-Ethyl-2-methylaniline No 

2-[Ethyl(3-methylphenyl)amlno]ethanol No 

Ethyl 2(2-nltro-4-trlfluoromethylphenyl)-3-oxobutanoate . No 

N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamine No 

3-Ethylpyridine No 

5-Ethyl-2,3-pyridlnedlcarboxyllc acid No 

N-Ethyl-m-toluldlne No 

3-(N-Ethyl-m-toluidino)proplonltrlle No 

1-Ethynyl-1-cyclohexanol No 

9-Fluorenone No 

1 -Formylpiperldlne No 

Furan No 

Furfuryl alcohol No 

Furfurylamlne No 

1-(2-Furoyl)plperazine No 

IHexachiorocyclopentadiene No 

1,4,5,6,7, 7-Hexachloro-5-norbornene-2 , 3-dicarboxylic 

anhydride (Chlorendic anhydride) No 

Hexamethyleneimine No 

Hydroqulnone, tech No 

p-Hydroxybenzaldehyde No 

p-Hydroxybenzenesuifonio acid No 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid No 

4-Hydroxy-2H-1 ,2-benzothiazine-3-carboxyiic acid, 

methyl ester, 1 , 1 -dioxide No 

4-Hydroxybenzyibenzene No 

2'-Hydroxy-5,9-dimethyl-6,7-benzomorphan No 

2 , 2 ' - [ [4- (2-Hydroxyethylamino) -3-nitrophenyil imino] - 

diethanoi No 

3-[N-(2-Hydroxyethyi)aniiino]propionitrile No 

N-P-Hydroxyethyi-2,4-dihydroxybenzamide No 

4-Hydroxy-2-methyl-2H-1 , 2-benzothiazine-3-carboxyllo 

acid, methyl ester, 1 ,1-dioxide No 

2-Hydroxymethyiene-17a-ethinyiandrost 

-1 7p-ol-4-en-3-one No 

3-Hydroxy-N-(3-N-morpholino-7-propyi) 

-2-naphthimide No 

6-Hydroxy-2-naphthaienesuifonic acid, sodium salt No 

1 -Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid No 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid (B.O.N.) No 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid, ethanolamide No 

1 -Hydroxynaphthoic acid, methyl ester No 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoio acid, methyl ester No 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid, sodium salt No 

1 -Hydroxy-6-octadecyioxy-2-naphthoic acid No 

p-Hydroxyphenyiglyclne potassium methyl dane salt No 

5-indanoi No 

isatoic anhydride No 

isobutylbenzene No 

isobutyrophenone No 

isocyanic acid derivatives: 

Bitolylene diisocyanate (TODi) No 

Diphenylmethane-4,4'-dlisocyanate (IVlDi) Yes 

Polymethylene polyphenyiisocyanate Yes 

Toluene 2,4-dilsocyanate No 

Toluene 2, 4-and 2, 6-diisocyanate (80/20 mixture) Yes 

Toluene 2, 4-and 2, 6-diisocyanate (65/35 mixture) No 

p-Toluenesulfonyi isocyanate No 



HiL. 

AlVIO, ATR, CSD, DOW, ELP, HCL, KHi, 

IViCB, SOC, SOG. 
TCH. 
TNA. 
FST. 
SK. 
HIL. 
RIL. 
NES. 

DUP, FST. 
TCH. 
OIVIC. 
iViCK. 
RIL. 
QKO. 
QKO. 
HXL. 
PFZ. 
VEL. 

VEL. 

CXI, DUP. 
EKT, GYR. 
WES. 
UPF. 
LEM. 

PFZ. 
TNA. 
SD. 

SOiVI. 
TCH. 
PCW. 

PFZ. 

SD. 

PCW. 

HIL. 

PCW. 

PCW. 

PCW. 

PCW. 

PCW. 

PCW. 

n. 

KAN. 

n. 

PSG. 

PLC, TNA. 
ARS. 

CWN. 

BAS, DOW, ICI, MOB, RUC. 

BAS, iCi, MOB, RUC. 

MOB. 

BAS, DOW, iCi, MOB, OMC, RUC. 

MOB. 

CWN. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



3-9 



Section 3 

Table 10— Continued 

Cyclic Intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 
by manufacturer, 1988 



Cyclic intermediates 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 1 1) 



Cyclic— Continued 



Isonicotinic acid No 

Isonicotinonitrile No 

Isophthalic add (Benzene-1 ,3-dicarboxyiic acid) No 

isophthalic acid, dimethyl ester No 

isophthaionitrile No 

Isophthaloyi chloride No 

Isopropylbiphenyl No 

5,5'-lsopropylldenebis(2-hydroxy-m-xyiene-a,a'-diol) . . No 

4,4'-lsopropylidenediphenol (Bisphenol A) Yes 

4,4'-isopropylidenediphenoi, ethoxylated No 

4,4'-lsopropylidenediphenol, propoxylated No 

o-lsopropylphenoi No 

Isopropylphenol, mixed No 

2,6-Lutidine No 

IVIaionanilide No 

IVIeiamine No 

di-p-Mentha-1 ,8-diene (Limonene) No 

N-(2-IVIethoxy-1-naphthyi)acetamide No 

(p-H/lethoxyphenyi) acetic acid No 

2-(N-Methylanilino)ethanol No 

3-(N-Methyianilino)propionitriie No 

2-l\/lethyianthraquinone No 

H/lethyi-2-benzimidazoie carbamate No 

4-IVIethylben2otriazole No 

o-IVIethylbenzoyi chloride No 

N-IVIethylbenzyiamine No 

o-iVlethylbenzyi chloride No 

IVIethyl benzyl ether No 

Methylcyciohexane No 

Methyl 3- ( 2 , 2-dichlorovlnyl) -2 , 2-dimethylcyciopropane 

carboate No 

2-H/lethyl-4,6-dinitrophenol (4,6-Dinitro-o-cresol) No 

4-l^ethyl-2,6-dinitrophenol No 

N-Methyleneaniline No 

4,4-Methylenebis(2,6-di-tert-butylphenol) No 

4,4'-IVIethylenebls[N,N-dlethylaniline] No 

4,4'-IVIethylenebis[N,N-dimethylaniline] (l^ethane base) . No 

2,2'-IVIethylenebls(4-methyl-6-nonyl-p-cresol) No 

4,4'-Methylenedianiline No 

Methylenedicyclohexylmethane 1 ,4-dlisocyanate No 

Methylene diphenylamine (polymeric) No 

5,5'-Methylenedisalicylic acid No 

Methyl p-formylbenzoate No 

(2,4-Methyl-5-imidazolyl)methylthioethylamine 

dihydrochloride No 

2-Methylindoie No 

4-Methyl-N- ( (4-methylphenyi) sulfonyl) 

benzenesulfonamide No 

Methyl nicotinate No 

N-Methyl-p-nitroaniline No 

4-Methyl-2-nitroanlsole No 

3-Methyl-2-nitrobenzoic acid No 

2-Methyl-5-norbornene-2,3-dicarboxyiic anhydride No 

2-Methyl-1-octyl-1 No 

4-Methylphthalic acid No 

4-(4'-Methylpiperidine)pyridine No 

a-Methylstyrene No 

ar-Methylstyrene (Vinyltoiuene) No 



RIL. 




RIL. 




AMO. 




UTC. 




DUP, PSG. 




DUP, TLC. 




TOG. 




ARK. 




ART, DOW. GE, 


SHC 


ICI. 




ICI. 




FMC, TNA. 




PSG. 




RIL. 




PCW. 




ACY, MLC. 




ARZ, NCI. 




SDC. 




HEX. 




TCH. 




TCH. 




ACY. 




CED. 




VPC. 




TLC. 




HXL. 




ICI. 




GRS. 




PLC. 




FMN. 




CPS. 




PSG. 




PCW. 




TNA. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




PSG. 




RUC, USR. 




MOB. 




MOB. 




KLM. 




EKT. 




SK. 




(^). 




EK. 




RIL. 




ACY, USR. 




PSG. 




SAL. 




BCC. 




PI- 




EK. 




RIL. 




GGC, TX. 




ART, STL. 





See footnotes at end of table. 



3-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 10— Continued 

Cyclic Intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified 

by manufacturer, 1988 



Cyclic Intermediates 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 1 1) 



Cyclic— Continued 

Mono-, dl-, and triesters of phenyl (2,3,4-trlhydroxyphenyl) 

methanone with 6-diazo-5,6-dihydro-5- 

0X0-1 -naphthalenesulfonlc acid No 

iVIyristyibenzyldlmethyiammonium chloride. 2H2O No 

1 -Naphthaldehyde No 

2-Naphthalenesuifonic acid No 

1-NaphthaIenesuifonic acid, 8-(phenyiamino)-monosodlum 

salt No 

2-Naphthalenesuifonic acid, sodium salt No 

Naphthallmide No 

1-Naphthyiamine (a-Naphthylamine) No 

p-(2-Naphthylamino) phenol (N-(p-Hydroxyphenyi)-2- 

naphthylamine) No 

Nicotinonitriie (3-Cyanopyridine) No 

3-Nitro-6-pyrroiodinyi toluene No 

o-Nitroaniiine Yes 

p-Nltroaniiine No 

5-Nitroanthraniiic acid No 

1 -Nitroanthraquinone No 

p-Nitrobenzamide No 

Nitrobenzene No 

m-Nltrobenzenesuifonic acid, sodium salt No 

o-Nitrobenzoic acid No 

m-Nitrobenzoic acid No 

p-Nitrobenzoic acid No 

m-Nitrobenzoic acid, sodium salt No 

2-Nitro-N-benzoyianiiine No 

2-Nitro-p-cresoi No 

5-NitrodimethylisophthaIate No 

Nitrodlphenyiamine No 

5-Nitroisophthallc acid No 

3-Nitro-4-methyiacetophenone No 

1-Nitronaphthaiene No 

p-Nitrophenethyl alcohol No 

o-Nitrophenol No 

p-Nitrophenol No 

p-Nitrophenol, sodium salt No 

2-Nitro-N'-phenyl-p-phenyienediamine No 

5-Nitrosaiicylaidehyde No 

p-Nltrosophenol No 

4-Nitrosophenoi, sodium salt No 

o-Nitrotoiuene No 

m-Nitrotoiuene No 

p-Nltrotoiuene No 

Nitrotoiuene mixtures No 

(2-Nitro-4-trlfiuoromethylphenyl) acetic acid No 

Nonyiphenoi Yes 

2-Octanoyihydroquinone No 

Octylphenol Yes 

Octylphenoxydiethoxy chloride No 

3-Oxo-1,2-benzisothia2oline-2-acetic acid, methyl ester, 

1 , 1 -dioxide No 

5-Oxo-1-phenyl-2-pyrazoiine-3-carboxyllc add, ethyl 

ester No 

Oxyalumlnum benzoate No 

4,4'-Oxydlaniline No 

Pentabromochiorocyclohexane No 



WAY. 
PCW. 
GNW. 
ACY, EK. 

SDC. 
GNW. 
VPC. 
DUP. 

SDC. 

NEP, RIL. 

ALL. 

BUC, DUP, MON. 

DUP, MON. 

TLI. 

SDC. 

PD. 

FST, ICl, MOB, RUC. 

USM. 

SAL. 

HIL, SAL. 

DUP. 

SAL. 

SAL. 

PSG. 

SAL. 

ACY, MON. 

LMC, SAL. 

TLI. 

DUP. 

PCW. 

MON. 

DUP, MON. 

DUP. 

SOM. 

EK. 

SDC. 

SDC. 

DUP, FST. 

DUP, FST. 

DUP, FST. 

FST. 

SK. 

GAF, KLM, MCB, MON, RH, SON, TX. 

EKT. 

PSG, RH, SON. 

RH. 

PFZ. 

HCL. 
CHT. 
DUP. 
DOW. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



3-11 



Section 3 



Table 10— Continued 



Cyclic Intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified 
by manufacturer, 1988 



Cyclic intermediates 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 11) 



Cyclic— Continued 



o-Pentylphenol (o-Amylphenol) No 

p-tert-Pentylphenol No 

Permethrin acid chloride No 

3,4,9,10-Perylenetetracarboxylic acid No 

3,4,9,1 0-Perylenetetracarboxylic- 

3,4;9,10-dlanhydrlde No 

3,4,9,1 0-Perylenetetracarboxylic-3 ,4:9,1 0-dilmlde No 

1 , 1 0-Phenanthrollne No 

2-Phenethylamlne No 

p-Phenetidlne No 

Phenol: 
Natural: 

From petroleum: 

Phenol, natural, from petroleum, U.S.P No 

All other Phenol, natural, from petroleum No 

Synthetic: 

Phenol, benzylated No 

Phenol, styrenated No 

Phenol, synthetic, from cumene by 

oxidation, U.S.P Yes 

Phenol, synthetic, from toluene by 

oxidation, U.S.P No 

Ail other phenol, synthetic No 

Phenolsulfonaphthalein, sodium salt No 

Phenolsuifonic acid No 

Phenolsuifonio acid, sodium salt No 

Phenoxyacetic acid, sodium salt No 

3-Phenoxybenzaldehyde No 

3-Phenoxybenzaldehyde cyanohydrin No 

3-Phenoxybenzenemethanoi No 

m-Phenoxytoiuene No 

4'-Phenylacetophenone No 

4-(Phenylazo)diphenylamine No 

2-Phenylbenzimide No 

m-Phenyienebismaleimide No 

o-Phenyienediamine No 

m-Phenyienediamine No 

p-Phenyienediamlne No 

Phenyl ether (Dlphenyl oxide) No 

d(+)Q!-Phenyiethyiamine No 

N-Phenylglycine No 

Phenyiglycine, sodium salt No 

2 , 2 ' - ( Phenyl) iminodiethanoi 

(N-Phenyidiethanoiamlne) No 

2,2'-(Phenyi)imlnodiethanoi, diacetate ester No 

Phenylmercuric carboxylate No 

o-Phenyiphenol No 

p-Phenyiphenol No 

o-Phenyiphenol, sodium salt No 

N-Phenyi-p-phenyienediamine No 

1-Phenyi-1 ,2-propanedlone, 2-oxlme No 

4-Phenyipropylpyridlne No 

Phenyltrlethoxysiiane No 

Phthallc acid No 

Phthalic anhydride Yes 

Phthallmlde No 

[Phthaiocyanlnato(2-)]copper No 

[Phthalocyaninetetramethanaminato] copper No 

Phthaiocyaninetetrasuifonyl chloride, copper derivative ... No 

Phthaloyi chloride (Phthalyl chloride) No 



n- 

PAS, SCN. 

CED. 

PAS. 

VPC. 
VPC. 
VNC. 
HXL. 
HCL, MNA. 



MER. 
PSQ. 



MIL. 
MIL, PSG. 



ACS, ART, BTL, DOW, GE, GGC, TX. 

KLM. 

SHC. 

ART, EK. 

PSG. 

SAL. 

NCC. 

TNA. 

TNA. 

TNA. 

MER. 

ANG. 

EK. 

SAL. 

NES. 

DUP. PSG. 

DUP, FST. 

DUP. 

DOW, MON. 

HXL. 

EK. 

BCC, LIL. 

MIL, TCH. 

TCH. 

COS. 

DOW. 

DOW. 

DOW. 

USR. 

ORT. 

RIL. 

NOD. 

EK. 

ART, BAS, ENJ, KPT, STP, TU, USR. 

PSG. 

PHC. 

(^). 

VPC, 

TLC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



3-12 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 10— Continued 

Cyclic Intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified 
by manufacturer, 1988 



Cyclic intermediates 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 11) 



Cyclic — Continued 



Picolines: 

Picoline (3,4-mixture) No 

2-Picoline (a-Plcollne) No 

3-Picoline (P-Pioollne) No 

4-PicoIine ("y-Picoline) No 

3-PiGoline-N-oxide No 

Picolinonitrile (2-Cyanopyridine) No 

3-Picolyiamine No 

Picric acid (Trinitrophenol) No 

Piperidine No 

Polyethyibenzene (80 percent diethylbenzene) No 

4-Propanolpyridine No 

Propiophenone No 

8,16-Pyranthrenedlone No 

1 ,3,6,8-Pyrenetetrasulfonic acid No 

2-Pyridinecarboxaldehyde No 

Pyridine, refined: 

2 Pyridine, refined No 

Pyridine, refined all other grades No 

Pyridine hydrochloride No 

3-Pyrldlnemethanol No 

2-Pyridinethiol-1 -oxide, sodium salt No 

2-Pyridinethiol-1 -oxide, zinc salt No 

4-Pyrldylacetone No 

Pyrogallol No 

Pyromellitic dianhydride No 

2-Pyrrolidinone (2-Pyrrolidone) No 

Pyrvinium pamoate No 

Quinollne: 

Qulnoline-2,3-dicarboxylic acid No 

Quinollne, other grades No 

8-Quinolinol No 

Resorcinol, dimethyl ether No 

Resorcinol, tech No 

a-Resorcylic acid, lead salt No 

Salicyialdehyde No 

Saiicylaidehyde oxime No 

Salicylanilide No 

Salicylic acid, tech Yes 

Sodium p-sulfophenylmethallyl ether No 

Sodium trichlorobenzenesulfate No 

Spiro [3H-1 , 2-benzoxathiole-3 , 9' - [9H1 -xanthene] 

-3',6'-diol-1,1-dloxide No 

Styrene (Vinyibenzene) Yes 

Suifaguanidine No 

m-Sulfobenzoic acid, monosodium salt No 

5-SulfoisophthaIic acid, 1 ,3-dimethyl ester No 

5-Sulfoisophthallc acid, lithium salt No 

5-Sulfolsophthalic acid, sodium salt No 

4,4'-Sulfonyldiphenol (4,4'-Dihydroxydiphenyl sulfone) .. No 

4-Sulfophthalic acid No 

Terephthalic acid No 

Terephthalic acid, dimethyl ester Yes 

TerephthaloyI chloride No 

Terphenyl (Phenylblphenyl) (m-,o-,and p-lsomers) No 

Terpinene-4-ol No 

1-Tert-butyl-2,5-dimethoxybenzene No 



RIL. 

RIL. 

NEP, RIL. 

RIL. 

RIL. 

NEP. 

RIL. 

SDC. 

AlP, RIL. 

ELP. 

RIL. 

ORT. 

PCW. 

P). 

LC. 

NEP. 

RIL. 

RSA. 

RIL. 

OMC. 

OMC. 

RIL. 

FSN. 

ACH. 

GAP. 

P). 

NES. 

ATL. 

SOIVI. 

BAS. 

KPT. 

KPT. 

RDA, WES. 

EK. 

PCW. 

DOW, HIL, KLM, MON. 

SAL. 

UPF. 

n. 

AMO, ATR, CSD, DOW, ELP, HCL, MCB, 

PLC, SC, SHC, SOC. 
SAL. 
EKT. 

DUP, PCW. 
EKT. 

EKT, PCW. 
CRZ. 
CWN. 

AMO, DUP, HCF. 
DUP, EKT, HCF. 
DUP, TLC. 
MON. 
P). 
EKT. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



3-13 



Section 3 



Table 10— Continued 



Cyclic Intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified 
by manufacturer, 1988 



Cyclic intermediates 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 11) 



Cyclic— Continued 



Tetrabromophthallc anhydride No 

Tetrachlorophthalic anhydride No 

Tetrahydrobenzyl alcohol No 

Tetrahydrofuran Yes 

1 ,2,3,4-Tetrahydro-2-naphthol No 

2,2',3,3'-Tetrahydro-3,3,3',3'-tetramethyl-1,1-' 

spirobil [1H-indene]-5,5' ,6,6'-tetroi No 

1 ,2,4,5-Tetramethyibenzene (Durene) No 

p-( 1,1, 3, 3-Tetramethylbutyl) phenol No 

3,3,4,4-Tetramethylphenol ether No 

1 ,3,6,8-Tetranitro-9H-carbazoie No 

Thiodiphenol No 

Thionlcotlnamide No 

Thiophenol No 

Toluene-2,3-(and 3,4)-dlamlne (35/65 mixture) No 

Toluene-2,4-diamine (4-m-Tolylenedlamlne) No 

Toluene-2,4-(and 2,6)-dlamine (80/20 mixture) No 

Toluene-3,4-dlamlne No 

p-Toluenesulfonamlde No 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid No 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, aniline salt No 

o-Toluenesulfonyl chloride No 

m-Toluic acid No 

p-Toluic acid, methyl ester No 

o-Toluldine No 

m-Toluidlne No 

p-Toluldine No 

2-o-Toluidinoethanol No 

p-Toluoyi chloride No 

2,2'-(m-Toiylimino)diethanol No 

Tolyltrlcizoie No 

1 ,2,4-Triacetoxybenzene No 

2,4,6-Triamino-5-nitrosopyrlmidine No 

2,4,6-Tribromophenol No 

3,4' ,5-Tribromosalicyianilide No 

1,2,3(and 1,2,4)-Trichiorobenzene No 

1 ,2,4-Trichiorobenzene No 

1 ,1 ,1-Trichioro-2,2-diphenylethane No 

3-Trichioromethyl-1 ,2,4-thladiazoie No 

1 ,2,4-Trichioro-5-nitrobenzene No 

2,4,6-Trichiorophenylhydrsizine No 

Trichlorophenylsllane No 

3,5,6-Trichlorosailcylic acid No 

a,a,a-Trichiorotoluene (Benzotrichioride) No 

2,4,6-Trichloro-s-triazine (Cyanuric chloride) No 

Tri(dimethylaminomethyi) phenol No 

Trimellitic anhydride, acid chloride No 

Trimellltic trichloride No 

Trimesic acid No 

1 ,2,4-Trimethylbenzene (Pseudocumene) No 

1 ,3,5-Trimethyibenzene (IVIesitylene) No 

1 ,3,3-Trimethyl-82, a-lndoiineacetaldehyde No 

1 ,3,3-Trimethyl-2-methyleneindoiine No 

Triphenyimethane No 

Triphenylphosphine No 

Triphenylsulfonium chloride No 

Q!,Q!',Q!"-Tris(dimethyiamino)mesitoi No 

Tris(2-methyi-1-azirldlnyi)phosphine oxide No 



TNA. 

iVlON. 

UCC. 

BAS, DUP, QKO. 

GAP. 

(^). 

KHI. 

GAP. 

TNA. 

SDC. 

CRZ. 

RIL. 

ICI. 

CMC. 

RUC, (2). 

MOB, OiVIC. 

(=). 

UTC. 

TEN, UPP. 

NES. 

UPF. 

WTC. 

HOP. 

DUP, FST. 

DUP, PST. 

DUP, PST. 

TCH. 

EKT. 

MIL, TCH. 

PSG. 

SOM. 

SK. 

GTL. 

PCW. 

PPG, sec. 

sec. 

CWN. 

CMC. 

PCW. 

EKT. 

DCC. 

SK. 

HK, VEL. 

DGC. 

PEL. 

P). 

TLC. 

AMB. 

ABB, KHI. 

KHI. 

VPC. 

{')■ 

EK. 

{')■ 

SOM. 

RH. 

ARS. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



3-14 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 10— Continued 

Cyclic Intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified 

by manufacturer, 1988 



Cyclic Intermediates 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 1 1) 



Cyclic— Continued 

7,7'-Ureyienebis[4-hydroxy-2-naphthaienesuifonic acid] 

(J-Acid urea) No 

Veratraidehyde (3,4-Dimethoxybenzaidehyde) No 

Vinyicyciohexene monoxide No 

2-Vinyipyridine No 

4-Vinyipyridine No 

o-Xylene (90-100% of o-xyiene Isomer) Yes 

m-Xyiene (90-100% of m-xyiene Isomer) No 

p-Xyiene (90-100% of p-xylene Isomer) Yes 

2,4-Xylenesuifonlc acid No 

Xyienesuifonic acid, mixed Isomers No 

2,5-Xyienol No 

2,6-Xyienol No 

3,5-Xyienol No 

Xyienol crystals No 

Xyienois: 

Xyienoi, low boiling point No 

Xyiidlnes: 

Xyiidine, original mixture No 

All other cyclic Intermediates Yes 



S. 

GiV. 

UCC. 

RiL. 

RIL. 

ENJ, KHI, LYP, PLC, PPR, TOC. 

AMO, PLC. 

AMO, ENJ, KHI, LYP, PLC, PPX, SOC, 

STX, TOC. 
UPF. 
NES. 
PSG. 
GE. 
PSG. 
HXL. 

MER. 

DUP. 

ACY, ATL, BRD, BRS, DUP, EK, EKT, 
GGI, HCF, HCL, HK, HXL, LC, MRT, 
NOD, OIVIC, PAH, PCW, PD, PFZ, PSG, 
RiL, SAL, SCH, SD, SDC, SDW, SOIVI, 
TCH, TNA, TRD, UCC, UPJ, UPJ, UPJ, 
UPJ, VPC, (2), (2), (2), (2), (2), (2), 
(^). 



1 Chemicals for which seperate statistics are reported in this section are Indicated by 'Yes.' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted In confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'No.' 

2 The manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the disignated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received In response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



Section 3 



Table 11 

Cyclic intermediates: 



Directory of manufacturers, aipfiabeticai by code, 1988 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



ABB Abbott Laboratories 

ACH Alico Cliemical Corp. 

ACS Allied Signal Inc., Engineered Material 

Sector 

ACY American Cyanamid Co. 

AlP Air Products & Chemicals, Inc. 

ALD Aldrich Chemical Co. , Inc. 

ALL Alliance Chemical, Inc. 

AMB American Bio-Synthetics Corp. 

AlVIO Amoco Corp. 

ANG Angus Chemical Co. 

ARK Armstrong World Industries, Inc. 

ARS Arsynco, Inc. 

ART Aristech Chemical Corp. , Chemical Div. 

ARZ Arizona Chemical Co. 

ASH Ashland Oil, Inc., Ashland Petroleum 

Co. 

ATL Atlantic Industries, Inc. 

ATR Atlantic Richfield Co. , Arco Chemical 

Co. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BCC Buffalo Color Corp. 

BFG B. F. Goodrich Co. , B.F. Goodrich 

Chemical Group 

BKIVl Buckman Laboratories, Inc. 

BRD Lonza, Inc. 

BRS Bristol-Myers Co. 

BTL BTL Specialty Resin Corp. 

BUC Synalloy Corp., Blackman Uhler 

Chemical Div. 

CCC C.N.C. International, Inc. 

CED Cedar Chemical Co. 

CGY Ciba-Geigy Corp. 

CHF Kincald Enterprises, Inc. 

CHT Chattem, Inc. 

CNP DSM Chemicals Augusta, Inc. 

COS Cosan Chemical Corp. 

CPS CPS Chemical Co. , Inc. 

CRZ James River Corp. 

CSD FIna Oil & Chemicals Co. , Cosden 

Chemical Div. 

CWN Upjohn Co. , Fine Chemical 

CXI Chemical Exchange Industries, Inc. 

DAZ Diaz Chemical Corp. 

DCC Dow Corning Corp. 

DGC Degussa Corp. 

DIX Dixie Chemical Co., Inc. 

DKA Mobay Synthetics Corp. 

DOW Dow Chemical Co. 

DUP E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. 

Agricultural Products 

Chemicals and Pigments Dept. 

Petrochemicals Dept. 

EK Eastman Kodak Co. : 

EKT Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 

ELP Rexene Products Company 

ENJ Exxon Chemical Americas 

FER Ferro Corp., Ferro Chemical Div. 

FMC FMC Corp.: 

FMN Agricultural Chemical Group 



FMT Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc. 

FSN Nor-Am Chemical Co. 

FST First Chemical Corp. 

GAF GAF Corp. , Chemical Group 

GE General ELectric Co. 

GGC Georgia-Gulf Corp. : 

Houston Div. 

Plaquemine Div. 

GGI Grow Group, Inc. 

GIV Givaudan Corp 

GNW Greenwood Chemical Co. 

GRS Champlin Petroleum Co. 

GTL Great Lakes Chemical Corp. 

GYR Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 

HCF Cape Industries 

HCL Hoechst Celanese Corp. : 

Bayport Works 

Fine Chemicals Div. 

Rhode Island Works 

Sou-Tex Works 

HEX Hexagon Laboratories, Inc. 

HIL Hilton Davis Co. 

HK Occidental Chemical Corp. , Specialty 

Chemical Div. 

HPC Hercules, Inc. 

HXL Hexcel Corp. , Hexcel Chemical 

Products 
ICI ICI Americas, Inc. , 

Agricultural Chemicals DIv. 

Chemicals Div. 

Polyurethanes Group. 

JSC Sybron Chemicals, Inc. 

KAN Kanasco, Ltd 

KHI Koch Refining Co. 

KLM Kalama Chemical, Inc. 

KPT Beazer Materials & Services, Inc. 

LC Lord Corp. , Chemical Products Group 

LEM Napp Chemicals, Inc. 

LIL Ell Lilly & Co. 

LMC Lomac, Inc. 

LYP Lyondell Petrochemical Co. 

MAL Mallinckrodt, Inc. 

MCB Borg-Warner Corp. , Borg-Warner 

Chemicals 

MCK MacKenzie Chemical Works, Inc. 

MER Merichem Co. 

MIL Miliiken & Co. , MItliken Chemical Div. 

MLC Melamine Chemicals, Inc. 

MNA Monsanto Agriculture Co. 

MOB Mobay Chemical Corp. Pittsburgh Div. 

MON Monsanto Co. 

MRT Morton-Thlokol, Inc., Morton Chemical 

Div. 

NCC Niacet, Corp. 

NCI Union Camp Corp. , Terpene & 

Aromatics DIv. 

NEP Nepera, Inc. 

NES Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co. 

NOD Huls America, Inc. 

NPC Northwest Petrochemical Corp. 



3-16 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 11— Continued 

Cyclic Intermediates: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1988 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



NSC National Starch & Chemical Corp. 

OMC Olin Corp. 

ORT Roehr Chemicals, Inc., Div. of Aceto 

Corp. 

PAH Parish Chemical Co. 

PAS Pennwalt Corp. 

PCW Pfister Chemical, inc. 

PD Parke-Davis Div. of Warner-Lambert 

Co. 

PEL Pelron Corp. 

PFZ Pfizer, Inc., & Pfizer Pharmaceuticals, 

Inc. 

PHC Phthalchem, Inc. 

PLC Phillips 66 Co. 

PPG PPG Industries, Inc. 

PPR Phillips Puerto Rico Core, Inc. 

PPX Phillips Paraxylene, Inc. 

PSG PMC Specialities Group Inc. 

QKO QO Chemicals, Inc. 

PDA Rhone-Poulenc, Inc. 

RH Rohm & Haas Co. 

RIL Reilly Industries, Inc. 

RSA R.S.A. Corp. 

RUG Rubicon, Inc. 

S Sandoz, Inc. 

SAL Salsbury Laboratories, Inc. 

SO Sterling Chemicals, Inc. 

sec Standard Chlorine of Delaware, Inc. 

SCH The Schering Corp. 

SCN Schenectady Chemicals, Inc. 

SD Sterling Drug, Inc. , Sterling 

Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 

SDC Sandoz Chemicals Corp. 

Sterling Drug, Inc.: 

SDW Sterling Organics Div. 

SHC Shell Oil Co, , Shell Chemical Co. 

SK SmithKline Chemicals 



SOC Chevron Corp., Chevron Chemical Co. 

SOG Hill Petroleum Company 

SOI Specialty Organics, Inc. 

SOM Southland Corp. 

SRL G. D. Searle & Co. 

STP Stepan Chemical Co. 

STX St. Croix Petrochemical Corp. 

SUN Sun Company, Inc. 

TCC Sybron Chemical, Inc. 

TCH Quantum Chemical Corp. 

TEN Tennessee Chemical Co. 

TLC Twin Lake Chemical, Inc. 

TLI Teledyne Industries Inc. , Teledyne 

McCormick Selph 

TNA Ethyl Corp. 

TOO Tenneco Oil Co. 

TRD Squibb Manufacturing, Inc. 

TU Tenn-USS Chemicals Co. 

TX Texaco, Inc. , Texaco Chemical Co. 

UCC Union Carbide Corp. 

UOC Union Oil Co. , of California 

UPF Sloss Industries 

UPJ Upjohn Co 

UPM UOP, Inc. 

USM Crown Metro, Inc. 

USR Uniroyal, Inc., Unlroyal Chemical Div. 

UTC Unitex Chemical Corp. 

VEL Velslcol Chemical Corp. 

VNC Vanderbilt Chemical Corp. 

VPC Mobay Chemical Corp., Dyes & 

Pigments Div. 

VST Vista Chemical Co. 

WAY Olin Hunt Specialty Products, Inc. 

WES Wesley Industries 

WTC Witco Chemical Corp. 

WYK Wyckoff Chemical Co. , Inc. 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed In app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Section 4 
Dyes 

Synthetic dyes are derived in whole or in part 
from cyclic intermediates. Approximately 

two-thirds of the dyes consumed in the United 
States are used by the textile industry to dye 
natural and synthetic fibers or fabrics; about 
one-sixth is used for coloring paper; and the rest 
is used chiefly in the production of organic 
pigments and in dyeing leather and plastics. Of 
the several thousand different synthetic dyes that 
are known, more than one thousand are 
manufactured by domestic producers, collectively. 
The large number of dyes results from the many 
different types of materials to which dyes are 
applied, the different conditions of service for 
which dyes are required, and the cost that a 
particular use can bear. Commercial dyes are 
formulated products which are sold in a variety of 
physical forms (e.g.) granular, powders, liquids, 
and pastes) containing concentrations of colorant 
ranging from 6 percent (approximately) to 100 
percent. In the statistical tables, production and 
sales quantities are expressed in terms of a 
standard strength of product (based on dyeing 
performance) and not in terms of the amount of 
actual colorant. 



Total domestic production of dyes in 1988 
amounted to 280 million pounds, or 10 percent 
more than the 255 million pounds produced in 
1987 (table 12). Sales of dyes in 1988 amounted 
to 251 million pounds, valued at $766 million, 
compared with 230 million pounds, valued at 
$677 million, in 1987. In terms of quantity, sales 
of dyes in 1988 was 9 percent higher, and in terms 
of value 13 percent higher. The average unit 
value of sales of all dyes in 1988 was $3.05 per 
pound, compared with $2.95 per pound in 1987. 

Production of three classes of dyes decreased 
in 1986, while the remaining seven major classes 
increased their production. Fiber-reactive dyes 
and flourescent brightening agents registered 
significant increases in 1988 while mordant dyes 
registered a significant decline. Changes in U.S. 
production of synthetic dyes followed overall 
changes in U.S. economic activity during 1984-88 
(see figure 5). 

Table 13 lists the products reported in this 
section and indicates the manufacturer (s) of each 
by code. These codes are identified by company 
name in table 14. 

Stephen Wanser 
202-252-1363 



Figure 5 

Dyes: U.S. production, 1984-88 


















Millions 
of pounds 












270- 






^^^ 














"^^i^^^^^s^^ 




^i?=^^^^% 
















^^ 




^^ 
















^^^ 






210- 
180- 
150- 




X%X^ 


■%;% 










^^; 


M 




^^s 




^^8 




^^M 








B 


M 




H 




^M 




B 














120- 
90- 
60- 






^» 


i 




^M 




^^M 




^B 


- 






^m 


1 




^s 




^M 




^M 


- 


30 


' 




M 


i 




■ 




WM. 




M 




n 













1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 

Source: Compiied from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



Section 4 

Table 12 

Dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1988 



Dyes 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Average 

Unit 

value'' 



1,000 
pounds 

Grand total 

Acid dyes 

Total 

Acid yellow dyes, total 

Acid Yellow 17 92 

Acid Yellow 23 104 

All other acid yellow dyes 2,766 

Acid orange dyes, total 4,689 

Acid Orange 8 108 

Ail other acid oranges dyes 4,581 

Add red dyes, total 2,487 

Acid Red 1 213 

Acid Red 137 37 

Acid Red 182 607 

All other acid red dyes 1 ,630 

Acid violet dyes 89 

Add blue dyes total 4,893 

Add Blue 324 1 ,896 

All other acid blue dyes 2 ,997 

Acid green dyes 1 82 

Acid brown dyes 759 

Acid black dyes 1 ,718 

Basic dyes (classical and modified) 

Total 13,846 

Basic yellow dyes, total 3,899 

Basic Yellow 11 148 

Basic yellow dyes, all other, modified 3,751 

Basic orange dyes , total 732 

Basic Orange 2 291 

All other basic orange dyes 441 

Basic red dyes, total 1 ,748 

Basic Red 15 416 

All other basic red dyes 1 ,332 

Basic violet dyes, total 3,597 

Basic Violet 1 1 ,403 

Basic Violet 3 1 ,436 

Basic Violet 16 255 

Ail other basic violet dyes 503 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



280,387 


250,838 


766,148 




17,779 


15,372 


75,338 


2,962 


2,395 


9,380 



84 

102 

2,209 

3,217 



109 
3,108 



2,827 



215 

42 

411 

2,159 

74 

4,338 



1,672 
2,666 

167 

692 

1,662 



170 
3,356 



699 



303 
396 



1,690 



406 
1,284 



3,237 



1,228 

1,289 

303 

417 



634 

490 

8,256 



319 
7,924 



17,883 



707 

361 

2,471 

14,344 

704 

26,986 



10,058 
16,928 

1,486 
3,269 
7,387 



72,575 



14,054 



794 
13,260 



844 
2,162 



8,937 



1,439 
7,498 



13,601 



3,389 
4,991 
1,695 
3,526 



Per 
pound 



$3.05 



4.90 

3.92 

7.56 
4.81 
3.74 

2.56 

2.93 
2.55 

6.33 

3.28 
8.51 
6.01 
6.65 

9.51 

6.22 

6.01 
6.35 

8.90 
4.72 
4.45 



5.76 
3.99 



4.66 
3.95 



2.79 
5.45 



3.55 
5.84 

4.20 

2.76 
3.87 
5.60 
8.46 



4-2 



Table 12— Continued 

Dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1988 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Dyes 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Average 

Unit 

value'' 



1.000 
pounds 



1.000 
pounds 



1.000 
dollars 



Per 
pound 



Basic dyes (classical and modified)— Continued 

Basic blue dyes 2,062 

All other basic dyes 1 ,808 

Direct dyes 

Total 41 ,616 

Direct yellow dyes, total 16,616 

Direct Yellow 127 1 ,155 

All other direct yellow dyes 15,461 

Direct orange dyes 1 ,894 

Direct red dyes, total 7,738 

Direct Red 83 39 

Direct Red 254 2,279 

All other direct red dyes 5,420 

Direct violet and green dyes 218 

Direct blue dyes, total 7,733 

Direct Blue 80 301 

Direct Blue 86 673 

Direct Blue 98 247 

All other direct blue dyes 6,512 

Direct brown dyes 248 

Direct black dyes 7,169 

Disperse dyes 

Total 30,064 

Disperse yellow dyes 2,252 

Disperse orange dyes, total 5,601 

Disperse Orange 25 and 25:1 275 

Ail other disperse orange dyes 5,326 

Disperse red dyes, total 5,477 

Disperse Red 73 582 

Disperse Red 1 77 313 

All other disperse red dyes 4,582 

Disperse violet dyes 356 

Disperse blue dyes 13,637 

Disperse black, brown and green dyes, total 2,741 

Disperse Brown 1 699 

All other disperse black, brown, and green dyes 2,042 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,970 
1,469 



40,053 



16,168 



934 
15,234 



1,342 
5,950 



40 
1,190 
4,720 

148 

9,067 



335 

650 

235 

7,847 

254 

7,124 



1,827 
3,363 



251 
3,112 



4,232 



434 

296 

3,502 

249 
10,245 

1,958 



705 
1,253 



14,026 
18,951 



98,134 



34,034 



2,243 
31,791 



3,201 
20,622 



205 

3,003 

17,414 

740 

22,766 



1,635 

1,776 

938 

18,417 

584 

16,187 



99,689 



8,133 
9,938 



720 
9,218 



25,877 



1,585 

1,512 

22,780 

2,206 
43,960 



2,375 
7,200 



$7.12 
12.91 



2.45 

2.11 

2.40 
2.09 

2.39 

3.47 

5.10 
2.52 
3.69 

5.00 

2.51 

4.88 
2.73 
4.00 
2.35 

2.30 

2.27 

4.56 

4.45 

2.96 

2.86 
2.96 

6.11 

3.66 
5.10 
6.50 

8.86 
4.29 



3.37 
5.75 



Section 4 



Table 12— Continued 

Dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1988 



Dyes 



Sales 



Quantity 



Average 

Unit 

vaiue'' 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



Per 
pound 



Fiber-reactive dyes 

Total 19,235 

Fluorescent brightening agents 

Total 77,381 

Food, drug, and cosmetic colors 

Total 6,973 

Food, drug and cosmetic dyes, total 6,606 

FD&C Red No. 3 303 

FD&C Yellow No. 6 1 ,637 

All other food, drug, and cosmetic, dyes 4,666 

Drug and cosmetic dyes, total^ 367 

Mordant dyes 

Total 56 

Solvent dyes 

Total 12,448 

Solvent yellow dyes 1 ,583 

Solvent orange dyes 504 

Solvent red dyes 3,384 

Solvent blue dyes 3,534 

All other solvent dye 3,443 

Vat dyes 

Total 30,966 

Vat orange dyes 1 00 

Vat red dyes 280 

Vat violet dyes 232 

Vat blue dyes 29,370 

Vat green dyes 403 

Vat brown dyes 312 

Vat black dyes 269 

All other dyes 

TotaP 30,023 



18,669 



6,625 



326 
1,499 
4,482 



30,355 



107,589 



102,062 



51,017 



46,239 



4,649 

6,804 

34,786 

4,778 



178 



43,012 



$5.76 



7.70 

7.33 

14.26 
4.54 
7.76 

14.65 



4.56 



1,423 


9,491 


6.67 


476 


3,313 


6.96 


3,356 


14,818 


4.42 


1,080 


7,400 


6.85 


2,586 


7,990 


3.09 



1.93 



108 


708 


6.56 


248 


2,115 


8.53 


183 


1,361 


7.44 


28,941 


50,211 


1.73 


268 


1,100 


4.10 


324 


1,852 


5.72 


283 


1,301 


4.60 



57,906 



' Calculated from unrounded figures. 

2 The data Include external drug and cosmetic dyes. 

3 The data include azoic compositions, azoic coupling components, azoic diazo components (bases and salts), sulfur 
dyes, and miscellaneous dyes. Statistics for those groups of dyes may not be published separately because 
publication would disclose information received in confidence. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 13 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Dyes 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 14) 



Acid dyes Yes 

Acid yellow dyes: Yes 

Acid Yellow 3 No 

Acid Yellow 17 Yes 

Acid Yellow 23 Yes 

Acid Yellow 34 No 

Acid Yellow 36 No 

Acid Yellow 49 No 

Acid Yellow 59 No 

Acid Yellow 65 No 

Acid Yellow 73 No 

Acid Yellow 87 No 

Acid Yellow 99 No 

Acid Yellow 127 No 

Acid Yellow 129 No 

Acid Yellow 135 No 

Add Yellow 151 No 

Acid Yellow 159 No 

Acid Yellow 174 No 

Acid Yellow 198 No 

Acid Yellow 200 No 

Acid Yellow 219 No 

Acid Yellow 226 No 

Acid Yellow 239 No 

All other acid yellow dyes No 

Acid orange dyes: Yes 

Acid Orange 7 No 

Acid Orange 8 Yes 

Acid Orange 10 No 

Acid Orange 24 No 

Acid Orange 60 No 

Acid Orange 64 No 

Acid Orange 89 No 

Acid Orange 116 No 

Acid Orange 128 No 

Acid Orange 1 52 No 

Acid Orange 1 56 No 

Acid Orange 161 No 

Acid red dyes: Yes 

Acid Red 1 Yes 

Acid Red 4 No 

Acid Red 14 No 

Acid Red 18 No 

Acid Red 57 No 

Acid Red 73 No 

Acid Red 85 No 

Acid Red 87 No 

Acid Red 88 No 

Acid Red 97 No 

Acid Red 114 No 

Acid Red 119 No 

Acid Red 1 37 Yes 

Acid Red 151 No 

Acid Red 174 No 

Acid Red 182 Yes 

Acid Red 186 No 

Acid Red 226 No 

Acid Red 266 No 

Acid Red 296 No 

Acid Red 299 No 



ACY. 

ATL, CK, HIL. 

BAS, CK, HIL, LVR, WJ. 

ATL. 

ATL. 

ATL, CK. 

BAS. 

ATL. 

HIL. 

CK. 

CK. 

CK. 

CK. 

iCI. 

CGY, CK. 

CK. 

FAB. 

CK. 

CK. 

CGY, CK. 

BAS. 

DGO. 

CK. 

BAS, CK. 

ATL, BAS, CK. 

ATL, CK. 

CK, FAB, S. 

CGY, CK. 

ATL. 

BAS. 

CGY, CK. 

CK. 

CK. 

CGY, CK, S. 

ATL. 

ATL, BAS, CGY, CK. 

ATL. 

ATL, BAS. 

ATL. 

CK. 

ATL, CK, PSC, S. 

FAB. 

HIL. 

ATL. 

ATL. 

CGY. 

CK. 

ATL, BAS, CK, LVR. 

ATL, CK. 

CGY. 

CGY, CK, VPC. 

CGY. 

BAS. 

CK. 

BAS. 

CK. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



Section 4 

Table 13— Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or saies were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



D'jes 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 14) 



Acid dyes— Continued 

Acid red dyes— Continued 

Acid Red 337 No 

Acid Red 364 No 

Acid Red 384 No 

Acid Red 388 No 

Acid Red 396 No 

Acid Red 410 No 

All other acid red dyes No 

Acid violet dyes: Yes 

Acid Violet 3 No 

Acid Violet 7 No 

Acid Violet 12 No 

Acid Violet 17 No 

Acid Violet 49 No 

Acid blue dyes: Yes 

Acid Blue 9 No 

Acid Blue 15 No 

Acid Blue 25 No 

Acid Blue 40 No 

Acid Blue 41 No 

Acid Blue 67 No 

Add Blue 92 No 

Acid Blue 113 No 

Acid Blue 118 No 

Add Blue 145 No 

Add Blue 231 No 

Acid Blue 283 No 

Acid Blue 298 No 

Acid Blue 321 No 

Acid Blue 324 Yes 

Acid Blue 330 No 

All other acid blue dyes No 

Acid green dyes: Yes 

Add Green 1 No 

Acid Green 5 No 

Acid Green 9 No 

Add Green 20 No 

Acid Green 25 No 

All other acid green dyes No 

Acid brown dyes; Yes 

Acid Brown 14 No 

Acid Brown 19 No 

Add Brown 50 No 

Acid Brown 96 No 

Acid Brown 97 No 

Acid Brown 98 No 

Acid Brown 147 No 

Acid Brown 1 59 No 

Acid Brown 1 60 No 

Acid Brown 161 No 

Acid Brown 1 65 No 

Acid Brown 1 88 No 

Acid Brown 189 No 

Acid Brown 227 No 

Acid Brown 239 No 

Acid Brown 264 No 

Acid Brown 439 No 

All other acid brown dyes No 



ATL, 


CK. 


CK. 




CK. 




CK. 




ICI. 




ATL. 




ATL, 


BAS, CGY, CK, 


ATL, 


FAB. 


ATL, 


FAB. 


ATL, 


FAB. 


HiL. 




HIL. 




BAS, 


HIL, LVR, WJ. 


BAS. 




VPC. 




ATL, 


CK, VPC. 


ATL, 


CK. 


BAS. 




FAB. 




CK. 




ATL. 




ATL, 


CK. 


CK. 




S. 




CK. 




ATL. 




CK, ; 


S, VPC. 


ATL. 




CK. 




LVR. 




WJ. 




LVR. 




ATL. 




ATL, 


CK. 


FAB. 




CK, 1 


-VR, S. 


CK. 




BAS. 




FAB. 




BAS, 


FAB. 


FAB. 




CK. 




BAS, 


FAB. 


BAS. 




BAS. 




BAS. 




CK. 




CK. 




BAS. 




CK. 




BAS. 




CK. 




BAS, 


FAB. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



4-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 13— Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or saies were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Dyes 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 14) 



Acid dyes— Continued 

Acid black dyes: Yes 

Acid Black 1 No 

Add Black 2 No 

Add Black 52 No 

Add Black 60 No 

Add Black 63 No 

Add Black 107 No 

Add Black 172 No 

Add Black 194 No 

Add Black 210 No 

All other add black dyes No 

Azoic dyes and components: No 

Azoic compositions: No 

Azoic yellow compositions: No 

Azoic Yellow 1 No 

Azoic orange compositions: No 

Azoic Orange 3 No 

Azoic red compositions: No 

Azoic Red 1 No 

Azoic Red 2 No 

Azoic Red 6 No 

All other azoic red compositions No 

Azoic violet compositions: No 

Azoic Violet 1 No 

All other azoic violet compositions No 

Azoic blue compositions: No 

Azoic Blue 3 No 

All other azoic blue compositions No 

Azoic brown compositions: No 

Azoic Brown 9 No 

All other azoic brown compositions No 

Azoic black compositions: No 

Azoic Black 4 No 

All other azoic black compositions No 

Azoic diazo components, bases: No 

Azoic Diazo Component 5, base No 

Azoic Diazo Component 13, base No 

Azoic Diazo Component 32, base No 

Aii other azoic diazo components, base No 

Azoic dleizo components, salts: No 

Azoic Diazo Component 1 , salt No 

Azoic Diazo Component 3, salt No 

Azoic DIcizo Component 5, salt No 

Azoic Diazo Component 8, salt No 

Azoic Diazo Component 9, salt No 

Azoic Dietzo Component 10, salt No 

Azoic Diazo Component 1 1 , salt No 

Azoic Diazo Component 12, salt No 

Azoic Diazo Component 13, salt No 

Azoic Diazo Component 14, salt No 

Azoic Diazo Component 20, salt No 

Azoic Diazo Component 32 , salt No 

Azoic Diazo Component 34, salt No 

Azoic Diazo Component 35, salt No 

Azoic Diazo Component 41 , salt No 

Azoic Diazo Component 42, salt No 

Azoic Diazo Component 44, salt No 



CK. 

ATL, LVR. 

ATL, CK, S 

CK. 

BAS. 

CK. 

iCi. 

BAS. 

BAS. 

BAS, CK. 



sue. 

BUC. 

BUC. 
BUC. 
BUC. 
ALL, BUC. 

BUC. 
BUC. 

BUC. 
BUC. 

BUC. 
BUG. 

BUC. 
BUC. 

ALL. 
ALL. 
ALL. 
ALL. 

ALL, BUC. 

ALL, BUC. 

ALL. 

ALL, BUC. 

ALL, BUC. 

ALL, BUC. 

ALL. 

ALL, BUC. 

ALL, BUC. 

ALL. 

ATL. 

ATL. 

ALL. 

ALL. 

ALL. 

ALL. 

ALL. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



Section 4 

Table 13— Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Dyes 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to iist in tabie 14) 



Azoic dyes and components— Continued 

Azoic diazo components, salts— Continued 

Azoic DIazo Component 48, salt No 

Azoic DIazo Component 49, salt No 

All other eizolc diazo components, salt No 

Azoic coupling components: No 

Azoic Coupling Component 2 No 

Azoic Coupling Component 3 No 

Azoic Coupling Component 4 No 

Azoic Coupling Component 7 No 

Azoic Coupling Component 12 No 

Azoic Coupling Component 14 No 

Azoic Coupling Component 17 No 

Azoic Coupling Component 18 No 

Azoic Coupling Component 20 No 

Azoic Coupling Component 21 No 

Azoic Coupling Component 29 No 

Azoic Coupling Component 34 No 

Azoic Coupling Component 43 No 

Basic dyes (classical and modified) Yes 

Basic yellow dyes: Yes 

Basic Yellow 2 No 

Basic Yellow 11 Yes 

Basic Yellow 13 No 

Basic Yellow 15 No 

Basic Yellow 24 No 

Basic Yellow 25 No 

Basic Yellow 28 No 

Basic Yellow 29 No 

Basic Yellow 37 No 

Basic Yellow 53 No 

Basic Yellow 58 No 

Basic Yellow 65 No 

Basic Yellow 79 No 

Basic Yellow 83 No 

Basic Yellow 94 No 

Basic Yellow 96 No 

Basic Yellow 98 No 

Basic Yellow 1 02 No 

All other basic yellow dyes No 

All other, modified basic yellow dyes No 

Basic orange dyes: Yes 

Basic Orange 1 No 

Basic Orange 2 Yes 

Basic Orange 21 No 

Basic Orange 26 No 

All other basic orange dyes No 

Basic red dyes: Yes 

Basic Red 12 Yes 

Basic Red 14 No 

Basic Red 15 Yes 

Basic Red 17 No 

Basic Red 22 No 

Basic Red 29 No 

Basic Red 46 No 

Basic Red 49 No 

Basic Red 54 No 

Basic Red 73 No 



ATL. 
ALL. 
ALL. 

ALL. 

PCW. 

ALL. 

PCW. 

ALL, PCW. 

ALL. 

ALL. 

ALL. 

PCW. 

PCW. 

PCW. 

ALL. 

ALL. 



ACY. 

ATL, CK, VPC. 

ATL. 

CK. 

BAS. 

BAS. 

BAS, VPC. 

BAS. 

ACY. 

CK. 

VPC. 

BAS. 

CK. 

CK. 

S. 

BAS. 

BAS. 

BAS. 

ACY, (2). 

CK. 

ATL, BAS, CK, PSC. 

ACY, ATL, CK, PSC. 

ATL, VPC. 

CK. 

P). 

ACY, ATL, VPC. 

BAS, CK. 

ATL, BAS, CK. 

CK. 

CK. 

BAS. 

CK. 

BAS. 

BAS. 

CK. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



4-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 13— Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Dyes 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 14) 



Basic dyes (classical and modified)— Continued 

Basic red dyes— Continued 

Basic Red 104 No 

Basic Red 1 11 No 

All other basic red dyes No 

Basic violet dyes: No 

Basic Violet 1 Yes 

Basic Violet 3 Yes 

Basic Violet 4 No 

Basic Violet 10 No 

Basic Violet 16 Yes 

Basic Violet 35 No 

All other basic violet dyes No 

Basic blue dyes: Yes 

Basic Blue 1 No 

Basic Blue 3 No 

Basic Blue 7 No 

Basic Blue 21 No 

Basic Blue 41 No 

Basic Blue 54 No 

Basic Blue 60 No 

Basic Blue 77 No 

Basic Blue 94 and 94:1 No 

Basic Blue 140 No 

Basic Blue 1 52 No 

All other basic blue dyes No 

Ail other, modified basic blue dyes No 

Basic green dyes: No 

Basic Green 4 No 

All other basic green dyes No 

Basic brown dyes: No 

Basic Brown 1 No 

Basic Brown 4 No 

Ail other basic brown dyes No 

Basic black dyes: No 

All other basic biacl< dyes No 

All other, modified basic black dyes No 

Direct dyes Yes 

Direct yellow dyes: Yes 

Direct Yellow 4 No 

Direct Yellow 5 No 

Direct Yellow 6 No 

Direct Yellow 11 No 

Direct Yellow 28 No 

Direct Yellow 34 No 

Direct Yellow 44 No 

Direct Yellow 51 No 

Direct Yellow 105 No 

Direct Yellow 106 No 

Direct Yellow 107 No 

Direct Yellow 118 No 

Direct Yellow 119 No 

Direct Yellow 1 27 Yes 

Direct Yellow 131 No 

Direct Yellow 1 32 No 

Direct Yellow 1 33 No 

Direct Yellow 1 37 No 

Direct Yellow 147 No 



CK. 
S. 

n. 

ACY, BAS, DSC. 

ACY, BAS, CK, DSC. 

ACY, DSC. 

ACY, BAS. 

ATL, CK, VPC. 

BAS. 

BAS, (2). 

ACY. 

BAS, CK. 

DSC. 

CK. 

BAS. 

BAS. 

BAS. 

CK. 

CK. 

VPC. 

BAS. 

BAS, (2). 

CK, VPC. 

ACY, BAS. 
{'). 

PSC. 

ACY, BAS, FAB, PSC. 

BAS. 

ACY, BAS, (2). 
BAS, CK, VPC. 



ATL, 


BAS, 


CGY 


CK, 


LVR, VPC 


BAS. 










CGY 


VPC 








BAS, 


VPC. 








ATL, 


CK. 








CK. 










CK. 










S. 










CGY 


CK. 








CK. 










CK. 










CK. 










VPC. 










BAS, 


CGY, 


CK. 


VPC. 




VPC. 










S. 










S. 










VPC. 










BAS, 


VPC. 









See footnotes at end of table. 



4-9 



Section 4 

Table 13— Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or saies were reported, Identified by nrianufacturer, 1988 



Dyes 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 14) 



Direct dyes— Continued 



Direct yellow dyes— Continued 

Direct Yellow 148 No 

Direct Yellow 154 No 

All other direct yellow dyes No 

Direct orange dyes: Yes 

Direct Orange 6 No 

Direct Orange 8 No 

Direct Orange 15 No 

Direct Orange 26 No 

Direct Orange 34 No 

Direct Orange 39 No 

Direct Orange 72 No 

Direct Orange 80 No 

Direct Orange 1 02 No 

Direct Orange 118 No 

All other direct orange dyes No 

Direct red dyes: Yes 

Direct Red 2 No 

Direct Red 4 No 

Direct Red 9 No 

Direct Red 16 No 

Direct Red 23 No 

Direct Red 24 No 

Direct Red 26 No 

Direct Red 72 No 

Direct Red 73 No 

Direct Red 80 No 

Direct Red 81 No 

Direct Red 83 Yes 

Direct Red 236 No 

Direct Red 238 No 

Direct Red 239 No 

Direct Red 254 Yes 

All other direct red dyes No 

Direct violet dyes: No 

Direct Violet 9 No 

Direct Violet 66 No 

Direct Violet 99 No 

Direct blue dyes: Yes 

Direct Blue 15 No 

Direct Blue 22 No 

Direct Blue 25 No 

Direct Blue 75 No 

Direct Blue 76 No 

Direct Blue 80 Yes 

Direct Blue 86 Yes 

Direct Blue 98 Yes 

Direct Blue 100 No 

Direct Blue 108 No 

Direct Blue 1 60 No 

Direct Blue 1 89 No 

Direct Blue 191 No 

Direct Blue 1 99 No 

Direct Blue 218 No 

Direct Blue 269 No 

Direct Blue 279 No 

Direct Blue 281 No 

Direct Blue 283 No 

Direct Blue 286 No 

Ail other direct blue dyes No 



s. 






VPC. 






ATL, 


BAS, 


CK, VPC. 


ATL. 






FAB. 






BAS, 


CGY 


, VPC. 


CK. 






ATL. 






CK, FAB, 


VPC. 


CK. 






ATL. 






ATL, 


BAS, 


, CGY, VPC. 


S. 






BAS. 






ATL. 






CK. 






CK. 






ATL. 






ATL. 






ATL. 






ATL. 






CGY, 


CK. 




ATL. 






ATL, 


CK, 


VPC. 


ATL, 


CK, 


FAB, LVR, VPC. 


ATL, 


CK, 


FAB. 


BAS, 


CGY 


, VPC. 


VPC. 






BAS, 


CK, 


S. 


BAS, 


CGY 


, VPC. 


ACY, 


ATL 


, BAS, CK, VPC, 


ATL. 






ATL. 






VPC. 






VPC. 






CGY. 






ATL. 






CK, S. 




CK. 






ATL, 


CGY 


, CK, FAB. 


CGY, 


CK, 


S, VPC. 


ATL, 


CK, 


FAB. 


FAB. 






ATL. 






CK. 






CK. 






CK. 






BAS. 


VPC 




ATL, 


CK, 


f=AB, VPC. 


VPC. 






VPC. 






CGY. 






ATL. 






ATL. 






ATL, 


BAS 


, CK, FAB, VPC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



4-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 13— Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Dyes 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 14) 



Direct dyes— Continued 

Direct green dyes: No 

Direct Green 92 No 

Ail other direct green dyes No 

Direct brown dyes: No 

Direct Brown 44 No 

Direct Brown 231 No 

Direct Brown 232 No 

Direct Brown 238 No 

AN other direct brown dyes No 

Direct black dyes: No 

Direct Black 22 No 

Direct Black 80 No 

Direct black 163 No 

Direct Black 165 No 

Direct Black 170 No 

All other direct black dyes No 

Disperse dyes Yes 

Disperse yellow dyes: Yes 

Disperse Yellow 3 No 

Disperse Yellow 23 No 

Disperse Yellow 34 No 

Disperse Yellow 42 No 

Disperse Yellow 54 No 

Disperse Yellow 64 No 

Disperse YelloW 77 No 

Disperse Yellow 86 No 

Disperse Yellow 88 No 

Disperse Yellow 1 08 No 

Disperse Yellow 114 No 

Disperse Yellow 126 No 

Disperse Yellow 1 98 No 

Disperse Yellow 219 No 

Disperse Yellow 238 No 

Disperse Yellow 239 No 

All other disperse yellow dyes No 

Disperse orange dyes: Yes 

Disperse Orange 3 No 

Disperse Orange 17 No 

Disperse Orange 25 and 25:1 Yes 

Disperse Orange 29 No 

Disperse Orange 30 No 

Disperse Orange 33 No 

Disperse Orange 37 No 

Disperse Orange 41 No 

Disperse Orange 44 and 44: 1 No 

Disperse Orange 73 No 

Disperse Orange 89 No 

Disperse Orange 94 No 

Disperse Orange 1 36 No 

Disperse Orange 1 38 No 

Disperse Orange 145 No 

All other disperse orange dyes No 

Disperse red dyes: Yes 

Disperse Red 1 No 

Disperse Red 5 No 

Disperse Red 13 No 

Disperse Red 17 No 



ATL. 
FAB. 

FAB. 
ATL. 
ATL. 
ATL. 
ATL, BAS, CK, FAB, VPC. 

ATL, CK. 

ATL, CK. 

S. 

ATL. 

ATL. 

ATL, BAS, CK, FAB, VPC. 



CK. 






ATL, 


CK. 




EKT. 






CGY 


S. 




BAS. 






BAS, 


HCL. 




VPC 






EKT. 






EKT. 






EKT. 






HCL. 






ICI. 






BAS. 






S. 






CK. 






CK. 






BAS, 


ICI, VPC. 


ATL, 


CK. 




ATL. 






ATL, 


CGY 


CK, ICI, VPC 


CK. 






ATL, 


CGY 


CK, S. 


BUC 






ATL, 


CK, EKT. 


CGY 


S. 




ATL, 


CGY, 


CK, S, SDC. 


ATL, 


BAS. 




CK. 






S. 






EKT. 






EKT. 






EKT. 






CK. 






ATL, 


CK. 




ATL, 


CK. 




ATL. 






ATL, 


CK. 





See footnotes at end of table. 



4-11 



Section 4 



Table 13— Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Dyes 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Disperse dyes— Continued 

Disperse red dyes— Continued 

Disperse Red 30 No 

Disperse Red 50 No 

Disperse Red 55 No 

Disperse Red 60 No 

Disperse Red 65 No 

Disperse Red 73 Yes 

Disperse Red 74 No 

Disperse Red 91 No 

Disperse Red 135 No 

Disperse Red 145 No 

Disperse Red 153 No 

Disperse Red 1 59 No 

Disperse Red 167 and 167:1 No 

Disperse Red 177 Yes 

Disperse Red 179 No 

Disperse Red 1 95 No 

Disperse Red 263 No 

Disperse Red 274 No 

Disperse Red 278 No 

Disperse Red 305 No 

Disperse Red 307 No 

Disperse Red 309 No 

Disperse Red 311 No 

Disperse Red 313 No 

Disperse Red 316 No 

Disperse Red 325 No 

Disperse Red 333 No 

Disperse Red 338 No 

Disperse Red 339 No 

Disperse Red 340 No 

Disperse Red 341 No 

Disperse Red 345 No 

Disperse Red 358 No 

All other disperse red dyes No 

Disperse violet dyes: Yes 

Disperse Violet 1 No 

Disperse Violet 17 No 

Disperse Violet 28 No 

Disperse Violet 33 No 

Disperse Violet 36 No 

Disperse Violet 48 No 

Disperse Violet 60 No 

Disperse Violet 91 No 

Disperse blue dyes: Yes 

Disperse Blue 3 No 

Disperse Blue 27 No 

Disperse Blue 56 No 

Disperse Blue 60 No 

Disperse Blue 62 No 

Disperse Blue 64 No 

Disperse Blue 73 No 

Disperse Blue 79 No 

Disperse Blue 95 No 

Disperse Blue 102 No 

Disperse Blue 118 No 

Disperse Blue 122 No 

Disperse Blue 1 48 No 

Disperse Blue 1 83 No 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 14) 



EKT. 

CK. 

BAS. 

BAS. 

CK 

ATL, CK, ICl, S. 

S. 

BAS. 

CK. 

CK. 

CK, S. 

VPC. 

ATL, CGY, CK, S. 

CK, ICl, S. 

BAS, S. 

S. 

BAS, S. 

S. 

ICl. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

ICl. 

S. 

S. 

CK. 

S. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

CK. 

HCL. 

CK. 

ATL, CK. 

CK. 

CK. 

ICl, S. 

S. 

HCL. 

S. 

CGY. 

CK, EKT, FAB. 

EKT. 

S. 

BAS. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

S. 

BAS, BUC, CGY, EKT, HCL, ICl, S. 

HCL. 

CK, EKT. 

EKT. 

ICl. 

BAS. 

ATL. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



4-12 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 13— Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Dyes 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Ivlanufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list In table 14) 



Disperse dyes— Continued 

Disperse blue dyes— Continued 

Disperse Blue 200 No 

Disperse Blue 281 No 

Disperse Blue 284 No 

Disperse Blue 291 No 

Disperse Blue 333 No 

Disperse Blue 337 No 

Disperse Blue 338 No 

Disperse Blue 359 No 

Disperse Blue 360 No 

All other disperse blue dyes No 

Disperse green dyes: No 

Disperse Green 9 No 

Disperse brown dyes: No 

Disperse Brown 1 Yes 

Disperse Brown 18 No 

Disperse Brown 22 No 

Disperse Brown 26 No 

Disperse Brown 27 No 

Disperse black dyes: No 

Disperse Blacl< 9 No 

Disperse Biacl< 33 No 

Ail other disperse biaci< dyes No 

FIber-reactlve dyes Yes 

Reactive yellow dyes: No 

Reactive Yellow 7 No 

Reactive Yellow 15 No 

Reactive Yellow 17 No 

Reactive Yellow 18 No 

Reactive Yellow 22 No 

Reactive Yellow 37 No 

Reactive Yellow 42 No 

Reactive Yellow 86 No 

Reactive Yellov\/ 125 No 

Reactive Yellows 133 No 

Reactive Yellow 135 No 

Reactive Yellow 1 60 No 

All other reactive yellow dyes No 

Reactive orange dyes: No 

Reactive Orange 1 No 

Reactive Orange 4 No 

Reactive Orange 12 No 

Reactive Orange 13 No 

Reactive Orange 14 No 

Reactive Orange 16 No 

Reactive Orange 20 No 

Reactive Orange 78 No 

Reactive Orange 84 No 

Reactive Orange 86 No 

All other reactive orange dyes No 

Reactive red dyes: No 

Reactive Red 2 No 

Reactive Red 8 , No 

Reactive Red 11 No 

Reactive Red 21 No 

Reactive Red 29 No 

Reactive Red 31 No 



ICI. 

S. 

ICI. 

S. 

HCL. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

CK. 

CK. 

ATL, BAS, BUC, CK, HCL, ICI. 

ICI. 

ATL, BUC, CK, ICi, S. 

S. 

EKT. 

CK. 

CK. 

ATL, EKT. 

CGY. 

BAS, CK, HCL. 



ICI. 

HCL. 

HCL. 

ICI. 

ICI. 

HCL. 

HCL. 

ICI. 

S. 

ICI. 

ICi. 

HCL. 

HCL, iCI. 

ICi. 

ICi. 

iCI. 

ICi. 

ICI. 

ATL, CK, HCL. 

CK. 

HCL. 

ICi. 

CK, ICI. 

HCL. 

CK, iCi. 

ICi. 

ICi. 

HCL. 

ICI. 

ICI. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



4-13 



Section 4 

Table 13— Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or saies were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Dyes 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 14) 



Fiber-reactive dyes— Continued 



Reactive red dyes— Continued 

Reactive Red 33 No 

Reactive Red 35 No 

Reactive Red 43 No 

Reactive Red 49 No 

Reactive Red 94 No 

Reactive Red 1 20 No 

Reactive Red 141 No 

Reactive Red 147 No 

Reactive Red 180 No 

All other reactive red dyes No 

Reactive violet dyes: No 

Reactive Violet 1 No 

Reactive Violet 5 No 

All other reactive violet dyes No 

Reactive blue dyes: No 

Reactive Blue 3 No 

Reactive Blue 4 No 

Reactive Blue 5 No 

Reactive Blue 13 No 

Reactive Blue 19 No 

Reactive Blue 21 No 

Reactive Blue 38 No 

Reactive Blue 41 No 

Reactive Blue 71 No 

Reactive blue 79 No 

Reactive Blue 89 No 

Reactive Blue 1 73 No 

Reactive Blue 1 74 No 

Reactive Blue 1 99 No 

Reactive Blue 203 No 

All other reactive blue dyes No 

Reactive green dyes: No 

Reactive Green 19 No 

Reactive bro\nn dyes: No 

Reactive Brown 1 No 

Reactive Brown 17 No 

Reactive Brown 18 No 

Reactive blaci< dyes: 

Reactive Blacl( 5 No 

Reactive Black 9 No 

All other reactive black dyes No 



ICI. 

HCL. 

CK, ICI. 

HCL. 

HCL. 

BAS, CK, ICI. 

ICI. 

S. 

ATL, HCL. 

ATL, CK, HCL, ICI. 

ICI. 
HCL. 
HCL, ICI. 

ICI. 
CK, ICI. 

ICI. 

ICI. 

HCL. 

HCL. 

HCL. 

S. 

ICI. 

S. 

HCL, ICI. 

ICI. 

ICI. 

ICI. 

HCL. 

HCL, ICI. 

ICI. 

ICI. 
ICI. 
HCL. 

ATL, CK, HCL. 

ICI. 

HCL. 



Fluorescent brighteners 



Yes 



Fluorescent Brightener 22 No 

Fluorescent Brightener 28 No 

Fluorescent Brightener 46 No 

Fluorescent Brightener 49 No 

Fluorescent Brightener 52 No 

Fluorescent Brightener 61 No 

Fluorescent Brightener 71 No 

Fluorescent Brightener 102 No 

Fluorescent Brightener 114 No 

Fluorescent Brightener 128 No 

Fluorescent Brightener 134 No 

Fluorescent Brightener 191 No 

Fluorescent Brightener 205 No 

Fluorescent Brightener 290 No 

All other fluorescent brighteners No 



COY. 

CGY, VPC. 

CGY. 

S. 

S. 

ACY. 

CGY. 

CGY. 

VPC. 

HIL. 

CGY. 

VPC. 

VPC. 

S. 

ACY, CGY, S, VPC, (2) 



See footnotes at end of table. 



4-14 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 13— Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Dyes 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 14) 



Food, drug, and cosmetic colors Yes 

Food, drug, and cosmetic dyes: Yes 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Blue 1 No 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Blue 2 No 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Green 3 Yes 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Red 3 No 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Red 4 No 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Red 40 No 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Yellow 5 No 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Yellow 6 Yes 

Drug and cosmetic dyes: Yes 

Drug and Cosmetic Green 5 No 

Drug and Cosmetic Green 6 No 

Drug and Cosmetic Green 8 No 

Drug and Cosmetic Orange 4 No 

Drug and Cosmetic Orange 5 No 

Drug and Cosmetic Orange 17 No 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 6 No 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 7 No 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 9 No 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 17 No 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 19 No 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 21 No 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 27 No 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 30 No 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 33 No 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 34 No 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 36 No 

Drug and Cosmetic Violet 2 No 

Drug and Cosmetic Yellow 7 No 

Drug and Cosmetic Yellow 10 No 

Drug and cosmetic dyes, external: Yes 

External Drug and Cosmetic Orange 3 No 

External Drug and Cosmetic Yellow 7 No 

Mordant dyes Yes 

iVIordant yellow dyes: No 

Mordant Yellow 1 No 

Mordant orange dyes: No 

Mordant Orange 1 No 

Mordant Orange 6 No 

Mordant red dyes: No 

Mordant Red 7 No 

Mordant brown dyes: No 

Mordant Brown 1 No 

Mordant Brown 18 No 

Mordant Brown 33 No 

Mordant Brown 70 No 

Solvent dyes Yes 

Solvent yellow dyes: Yes 

Solvent Yellow 3 No 

Solvent Yellow 13 No 

Solvent Yellow 14 No 

Solvent Yellow 16 No 

Solvent Yellow 18 No 

Solvent Yellow 33 No 

Solvent Yellow 40 No 



HIL, WJ. 

HIL, WJ. 

WJ. 

HIL, STG, WJ. 

CK, WJ. 

HIL, STG, WJ. 

CK, HIL, STG, WJ. 

CK, HIL, STG, WJ. 

CK, WJ. 

WJ. 

HIL, WJ. 

CK, WJ. 

SNA. 

SNA. 

HIL, SNA, WJ. 

HIL, MRX, SNA, WJ. 

SNA. 

WJ. 

SNA. 

SNA. 

HIL, MRX, SNA. 

MRX, SNA, WJ. 

CK, SNA, WJ. 

SNA. 

WJ. 

WJ. 

WJ. 

CK, HIL, WJ. 

CK, WJ. 
WJ. 



FAB. 
ATL, FAB. 



ATL. 

FAB. 
FAB. 
FAB. 
FAB. 



PSC. 

BAS, FAB. 
ATL, PSC. 
PSC. 
ATL. 

ACY, CIC. 
CK. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



4-15 



Section 4 

Table 13— Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Dyes 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 14) 



Solvent dyes— Continued 



Solvent yellow dyes— Continued 

Solvent Yellow 42 No 

Solvent Yellow 43 No 

Solvent Yellow 56 No 

Solvent Yellow 72 No 

Solvent Yellow 94 No 

Solvent Yellow 107 No 

Solvent Yellow 131 No 

Solvent Yellow 135 No 

Solvent Yellow 143 No 

Solvent Yellow 1 60 No 

Solvent Yellow 161 No 

All other solvent yellow dyes No 

Solvent orange dyes: Yes 

Solvent Orange 2 No 

Solvent Orange 3 No 

Solvent Orange 7 No 

Solvent Orange 20 No 

Solvent Orange 23 No 

Solvent Orange 25 No 

Solvent Orange 31 No 

Solvent Orange 60 No 

Solvent Orange 77 No 

Solvent Orange 97 No 

All other solvent orange dyes No 

Solvent red dyes: Yes 

Solvent Red 1 No 

Solvent Red 23 No 

Solvent Red 24 No 

Solvent Red 26 No 

Solvent Red 27 No 

Solvent Red 42 No 

Solvent Red 49 No 

Solvent Red 68 No 

Solvent Red 74 No 

Solvent Red 111 No 

Solvent Red 1 64 No 

Solvent Red 1 66 No 

Solvent Red 1 68 No 

Solvent Red 1 69 No 

Solvent Red 172 No 

Solvent Red 175 No 

Solvent Red 207 No 

Solvent Red 208 No 

Solvent Red 222 No 

All other solvent red dyes No 

Solvent violet dyes: No 

Solvent Violet 8 No 

Solvent Violet 9 No 

Solvent Violet 13 No 

Solvent Violet 14 No 

Solvent Violet 38 No 

All other solvent violet dyes No 

Solvent blue dyes: Yes 

Solvent Blue 3 No 

Solvent Blue 4 No 

Solvent Blue 5 No 

Solvent Blue 35 No 

Solvent Blue 36 No 

Solvent Blue 38 No 



ATL, 


CK. 


DGO. 




PSC. 




CIC, 


PSC. 


HIL. 




MRT. 




DGO. 




DGO. 




MRT. 




DGO. 




MRT. 




ATL, 


CIC, FAB, MIL, MRT, 


PSC. 




ACY. 


PSC. 


ATL, 


PSC. 


BAS, 


FAB. 


ATL, 


CK. 


ATL, 


MRT. 


PSC. 




CIC. 




MRT. 




MRT. 




MRT. 




PSC. 




PSC. 




ATL, 


PSC. 


PSC. 




PSC. 




HIL. 




ACY, 


BAS. 


ATL, 


CK, MRT. 


ATL. 




MRT. 




MRT. 




MRT. 




MRT. 




MRT. 




MRT. 




MRT. 




MRT. 




MRT. 




CIC. 




ATL, 


CIC, MIL, PSC. 


BAS, 


DSC. 


DSC. 




CK. 




MRT. 




MRT. 




CK, MIL. 


PSG. 




BAS. 




DSC. 




MRT. 




MRT. 




TNI. 





See footnotes at end of table. 



4-16 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 13— Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or saies were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Dyes 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 14) 



Solvent dyes— Continued 

Solvent blue dyes— Continued 

Solvent Blue 58 No 

Solvent Blue 59 No 

Solvent Blue 60 No 

Solvent Blue 98 No 

Solvent Blue 99 No 

Solvent Blue 1 00 No 

Solvent Blue 101 No 

Solvent Blue 1 02 No 

Solvent Blue 128 No 

Solvent Blue 129 No 

All other solvent blue dyes No 

Solvent green dyes: No 

Solvent Green 3 No 

Solvent brown dyes: No 

Solvent Brown 12 No 

Solvent Brown 20 No 

Solvent Brown 22 No 

Solvent Brown 38 No 

Solvent Brown 52 No 

Solvent black dyes: No 

Solvent Black 5 No 

Solvent Black 7 No 

Solvent Black 13 No 

Solvent Black 26 No 

Solvent Black 46 No 

Solvent Black 47 No 

Solvent Black 49 No 

Sulfur dyes No 

Sulfur yellow dyes: No 

Leuco Sulfur Yellow 22 No 

All other sulfur yellow dyes No 

Sulfur orange dyes: No 

All other sulfur orange dyes No 

Sulfur red dyes: No 

Leuco Sulfur Red 14 No 

Sulfur Red 10 No 

Sulfur blue dyes: No 

Leuco Sulfur Blue 7 No 

Leuco Sulfur Blue 11 No 

Leuco Sulfur Blue 13 No 

Sulfur green dyes: No 

Leuco Sulfur Green 3 No 

Leuco Sulfur Green 16 No 

Leuco Sulfur Green 34 No 

Leuco Sulfur Green 35 No 

Leuco Sulfur Green 36 No 

Sulfur brown dyes: No 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 1,1:1 No 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 3 No 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 10 No 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 37 No 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 52 No 

Sulfur black dyes: No 

Leuco Sulfur Black 1 No 

Leuco Sulfur Black 2 No 

Leuco Sulfur Black 18 No 



VPC. 

IVIRT, VPC. 

ATL. 

MRT. 

MRT. 

MRT. 

MRT. 

MRT. 

MRT. 

MRT. 

BAS, CK, MIL. 

ACY, MRT. 

PSC. 
ATL. 
PSC. 
FAB. 
MRT. 

LVR. 

BAS, OCC, PSC, 

ATL, CK. 

ATL. 

MRT. 

MRT. 

MRT. 



SDC. 
SDC. 

SDC. 

SDC. 
SDC. 

SDC. 
SDC. 
S. 

SDC. 
SDC. 
SDC. 
SDC. 
SDC. 

SDC. 
SDC. 
SDC. 
SDC. 
SDC. 

BRR, SDC. 
S, SDC. 
SDC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



4-17 



Section 4 

Table 13— Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

Dyes statistics^ (according to list In table 14) 

Sulfur dyes— Continued 

Solubilized Sulfur Black 1 No S. 

Solublllzed Sulfur Black 2 No SDC. 

Sulfur Black 11,11:1 No SDC. 

Vat dyes Yes 

Vat orange dyes: Yes 

Vat Orange 2, 12% No BAS. 

Vat Orange 7, 1 1 % No HCL. 

Vat red dyes: Yes 

Vat Red 10, 18% No BAS. 

Vat Red 15, 10% No HCL. 

All other vat red dyes No HCL. 

Vat violet dyes: Yes 

Vat Violet 1,11% No BRR. 

Vat Violet 13, 6-1/4% No BAS. 

Vat blue dyes: Yes 

Vat Blue 1 , 20% No BCC, PSC. 

Vat Blue 6, 8-1/3% No BAS. 

Vat Blue 16, 16% No BAS. 

Vat Blue 19 No BAS. 

Vat Blue 20, 14% No BRR. 

Vat Blue 29 No BAS. 

Vat Blue 43 No SDC. 

Vat Blue 66 No BAS. 

Vat green dyes: Yes 

Vat Green 1,6% No BAS. 

Vat Green 3, 10% No BAS, BRR. 

Vat Green 7 No SDC. 

Vat Green 8, 8-1/2% No BRR. 

All other vat green dyes No HCL. 

Vat brown dyes: Yes 

Vat Brown 1 , 1 1 % No BRR. 

Vat Brown 57, 12.8% No HCL. 

All other vat brown dyes No HCL, 

Vat black dyes: Yes 

Vat Black 16 No BRR. 

Vat Black 25, 12-1/2% No BAS, BRR, SDC. 

Miscellaneous dyes: No 

All other dyes No DAN, MIL, MRT. 

' Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are Indicated by 'Yes.' Chemicals for which 

data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are Indicated by 'No.' 

2 Reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 

Source: Compiled from data received In response to questionnaires of the U.S. international Trade Commission. 



4-18 



Table 14 

Dyes: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1988 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Code 



Name of company 



Name of company 



ACY American Cyanamid Co. 

ALL Alliance Chemical, Inc. 

ATL Atlantic Industries, Inc. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BCC Buffalo Color Corp. 

BRR Burris Chemical Inc., Colors Div. 

BUG Synalloy Corp. , Blackman Uhler 

Chemical Div. 

CGY Clba-Gelgy Corp. 

CIC Color Chem International Corp. 

CK Crompton & Knowles Corp. 

DAN Dan River, Inc., Chemical Products Div. 

DGO Day-Glo Color Corp. 

DSC Dye Specialties Inc. 

EKT Eastman Kodak Co., Tennessee 

Eastman Co. Div. 

FAB Fabrlcolor Manufacturing Corp. 

HCL Hoechst Celanese Corp. : 

Rhode island Works 

Sou-Tex Works 
HIL Hilton Davis Company 



ICI 


ICI Americas, Inc., Chemical Div. 


LVR .... 


C. Lever Co., Inc. 


MIL 


Milliken & Co. , Miiliken Chemical Div. 


MRT .... 


Morton-Thiokol, Inc., Morton Chemical 




Div. 


MRX . . . . 


Max Marx Color Corp. 


OCC . . . . 


Orient Chemical Corp. 


PCW . . . . 


Pfister Chemical, Inc. 


PSC . . . . 


Passaic Color & Chemical Co. 


PSG . . . . 


PMC Specialities Group, Inc. 


S 


Sandoz, Inc.: 




Colors & Chemicals Div. 


SDC . . . . 


Sandoz Chemical Corp. 


SNA . . . . 


Sun Chemical Corp., Pigments Div. 


STG . . . . 


McCormick & Co. , Inc. , 




McCormick/Strange Flavor Div. 


TNI 


Gillette Co., Chemical Div. 


VPC . . . . 


Mobay Chemical Corp., Dyes & 




Pigments Div. 


WJ 


Warner-Jenkinson Co. 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



4-19 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Section 5 
Organic Pigments 

Organic pigments are toners and lakes'' 
derived in whole or in part from benzenoid 
chemicals and colors. 

Statistics on production and sales of all organic 
pigments in 1988 are given in table 15. Individual 
toners and lakes are identified in this report by 
the names used in the third edition of the Colour 
Index. 

Total production of organic pigments in 1988 
was 115.9 million pounds, 23.4 percent more than 
the 93.9 million pounds produced in 1987. Total 
sales of organic pigments in 1988 amounted to 
86.9 million pounds, valued at $594.7 million, 
compared with 83.3 million pounds, valued at 
$586.3 million, in 1987. In terms of quantity, 
sales of organic pigments in 1988 were 4.3 percent 
higher than in 1987; in terms of value, sales in 
1988 were 1.4 percent higher than in 1987. 
Changes in U.S. production of pigment has 
followed overall changes in U.S. economic activity 
during 1984-88 (see figure 6). 



' Toners and lakes are essentially the same in their final 
form; they differ in the method of preparation. A lake is 
an organic pigment produced by the interaction of a soluble 
dye, a precipitant, and an absorptive inorganic substrate. 
A toner is an insoluble dye produced as a powder; some 
toners are extended by the inclusion of a solid diluent. 



Production of toners in 1988 amounted to 
115.2 million pounds, 24 percent more than the 
93.1 million pounds reported in 1987. Sales in 
1988 were 86.3 million pounds, valued at $590.1 
million, compared with 82.7 million pounds 
valued at $582 million, in 1987. In terms of 
quantity, sales of toners in 1988 were 4.4 percent 
higher than in 1987; in terms of value, sales were 
1.5 percent higher in 1988 than in 1987. The 
individual toners listed in the report which were 
produced in the largest quantities in 1988 were 
Pigment Yellow 12, Pigment Blue 15.3, beta form. 
Pigment Red 49:1 barium toner. Pigment Red 
57:1 calcium toner. Pigment Red 53:1, barium 
toner, and Pigment Yellow 14. 

Production of lakes totaled 741,000 pounds in 
1988, 4.8 percent lower than the 778,000 pounds 
reported for 1987. Sales of lakes in 1987 
amounted to 530,000 pounds, valued at $4.1 
million. In terms of quantity, sales of lakes in 
1988 were 7.2 percent lower than in 1987; in 
terms of value, sales in 1988 were 2 percent lower 
than in 1987. 

Table 16 lists the products reported in this 
section and indicates the manufacturer (s) of each 
by code. These codes are identified by company 
name in table 17. 

Stephen Wanser 
202-252-1363 



Figure 6 

Organic pigments: U.S. production, 1984-88 



Millions 
of pounds 



80-:; 



60- 



20- 



1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 

Source: Compiled from data received In response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



5-1 



Section 5 



Table 15 

Organic pigments: U.S. production and saies, 1988 



Organic pigments 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value'' 



Average 

Unit 

value^ 



1,000 
pounds 
dry basis^ 
Grand total 

Toners 

Total 

Yellow toners, total 

Acetoacetaryllde yellows: 

Pigment Yellow 3, C.I. 11 710 53 

Pigment Yellow 65, C.I. 11 740 187 

Pigment Yellow 73, C.I. 11 738 325 

Pigment Yellow 74, C.I. 11 741 699 

Acetoacetaryllde yellows, all other 1 ,970 

Diary lide yellows: 

Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090 16,680 

Pigment Yellow 13, C.I. 21 100 797 

Pigment Yellow 14, C.I. 21 095 5,189 

Pigment Yellow 17, C.I. 21 105 617 

Pigment Yellow 83, C.I. 21 108 1,029 

All otiier yellow toners 1 55 

Orange toners, total 2,518 

Pigment Orange 5, C.I. 21 075 752 

Pigment Orange 13, C.I. 21 110 138 

Pigment Orange 16, C.I. 21 160 674 

Pigment Orange 34 41 

Pigment Orange 46, C.I. 15 602 858 

All otiier orange toners 55 

Red toners, total 50,763 

Naphthol reds, total 1 ,705 

Pigment Red 5, CI. 12 120 27 

Pigment Red 17, C.I. 12 390 37 

Pigment Red 22, C.I. 12 315 222 

Pigment Red 23, C.I. 12 355 137 

All other naphthol reds 1 ,282 

Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120 799 

Pigment Red 4, C.I. 12 085 93 

Pigment Red 38, C.I. 12 120 286 

Pigment Red 48:1 , barium toner, C.I. 15 865 2,078 

Pigment Red 48:2, calcium toner, C.I. 15 865 1 ,683 

Pigment Red 49:1, barium toner, C.I. 15 630 4,679 

Pigment Red 49:2, calcium toner, C.I. 15 630 873 

Pigment Red 53:1, barium toner, C.I. 15 585 4,459 

Pigment Red 57:1 , calcium toner, C.I. 15 850 13,257 

Pigment Red 81 , PMA, C.I. 45 160 406 

All other red toners 20,445 

Violet toners, total 2,378 

Pigment Violet 23, C.I. 51 319 462 

All other violet toners 1 ,916 

Blue toners, total 29,007 

Pigment Blue 1, (PMA), C.I. 42 595 100 

Pigment Blue 15, alpha form, C.I. 74 160 1 ,059 



1,000 
pounds 
dry basis^ 



1,000 
dollars 



115,896 


86,875 


594,657 


115,155 


86,345 


590,524 


27,701 


23,305 


128,939 



72 
180 
319 
664 
784 

13,869 
693 

5,002 
565 

1,006 
151 

2,397 



735 
142 
588 

42 
847 

43 

29,516 



1,740 

46 

18 

215 

174 

1,287 

877 

87 

291 

2,023 

1,6U8 

3,616 

789 

3,302 

10,658 

399 

4,126 

2,466 



509 
1,957 



439 
1,531 
1,728 
4,965 
4,630 

71,989 
4,230 

23,235 
3,813 

10,223 
2,156 

16,159 



3,718 
1,380 
4,441 
387 
4,568 
1,665 

218,508 



20,766 
529 
176 

1,804 

1,964 
16,293 

5,395 
573 

2,873 
11,909 

8,009 
15,351 

4,137 
15,134 
55,721 

6,639 
72,001 

45,557 



15,215 
30,342 



157,403 



106 
664 



1,575 
5,688 



Per 
pound 



$6.84 



7.04 
5.53 



6.09 
8.49 
5.41 
7.47 
5.91 

5.19 
6.10 
4.65 
6.75 
10.16 
14.28 

6.74 

5.06 
9.70 
7.56 
9.12 
5.39 
38.47 

7.40 

11.93 

11.45 

9.99 

8.38 

11.30 

12.66 

6.15 

6.60 

9.39 

5.89 

4.98 

4.25 

5.24 

4.58 

5.23 

16.64 

17.45 

18.47 

29.69 

15.51 



14.90 
8.56 



See footnotes at end of table. 



5-2 



Table 15— Continued 

Organic pigments: U.S. production and saies, 1988 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Organic pigments 





Sales 




Average 


Production 


Quantity 


Value' 


value^ 


1.000 
pounds 
dry basis^ 


1,000 
pounds 
dry basl^ 


1,000 
dollars 


Per 
pound 


1,516 

787 

15,376 

1,558 

8,611 


1,084 

638 

13,367 

1,128 

8,921 


11,391 
6,109 

73,881 
6,698 

52,061 


$10.51 
9.58 
5.53 
5.94 
5.84 


2,562 


2,504 


22,349 


8.93 


2,407 
88 
67 


2,334 

103 

67^ 


19,658 
1,324 
1,367 


8.42 
12.90 
20.34 



Toners— Continued 

Blue toners— Continued 
Pigment Blue 15:1, alpha form, C.I. 74 160 
Pigment Blue 15:2, alpha form, C.I. 74 160 
Pigment Blue 15:3, beta form, C.I. 74 160 

Pigment Blue 15:4, O form) 

All other blue toners 

Green toners, total 

Pigment Green 7, C.i. 74 260 

Pigment Green 36 

All other green toners 

Brown and black toners 

Lakes 

Total 

Pigment Red 83, C.i. 58 000 : 

Pigment Violet 5:1 , C.I. 58 055 

All other lakes 



226 



530 



1,609 



4,133 



6.46 



7.80 



42 


29 


383 


13.21 


62 


62 


613 


9.82 


637 


439 


3,137 


7.14 



' The value of sales for toners Is reported on a dry-full strength basis and the value of sales for lakes Is reported on 
a dry form basis. All sales value data exclude the additional cost of processing or packaging in commercial forms 
other than the dry full-strength or dry form. 

2 Calculated from unrounded figures. 

3 Quantities for toners are reported as dry full-strength toner content, excluding the weight of any dispersing agent, 
vehicle, or extender. Quantities for lakes are reported as dry lake content, excluding the weight of any dispersing 
agent or vehicle. 

Note.— The C.I. (Colour Index) number shown In this report are the identifying number given in the third edition of 
the Colour Index. The abbreviations PMA and PTA stand for phosphomolybdic and phosphotungstic (including 
phosphotung-stomolybdic) acids, respectively. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



5-3 



Section 5 

Table 16 

Organic pigments for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Organic pigments 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 1 7) 



Toners 



Yes 



Yellow toners: Yes 

Acetoacetarylide yellows: Yes 

Pigment Yellow 1 No 

Pigment Yellow 2 No 

Pigment Yellow 3 Yes 

Pigment Yellow 42 No 

Pigment Yellow 60 No 

Pigment Yellow 65 Yes 

Pigment Yellow 73 Yes 

Pigment Yellow 74 Yes 

Pigment Yellow 97 No 

Pigment Yellow 98 No 

All other acetoacetarylide yellows No 

Diarylide yellows: Yes 

Pigment Yellow 12 No 

Pigment Yellow 13 No 

Pigment Yellow 14 No 

Pigment Yellow 17 No 

Pigment Yellow 83 No 

Pigment Yellow 152 No 

Yellow pigments, other: No 

(Basic Yellow 2) , fugitive No 

Pigment Yellow 110 No 

Pigment Yellow 1 39 No 

All other pigment yellow toners No 

Orange toners: Yes 

Pigment Orange 1 No 

Pigment Orange 2 No 

Pigment Orange 5 Yes 

Pigment Orange 13 Yes 

Pigment Orange 15 No 

Pigment Orange 16 Yes 

Pigment Orange 34 No 

Pigment Orange 43 No 

Pigment Orange 46 Yes 

All other pigment orange toners No 

Red toners: Yes 

Naphthol reds: Yes 

Pigment Red 2 Yes 

Pigment Red 5 No 

Pigment Red 13 No 

Pigment Red 14 No 

Pigment Red 17 Yes 

Pigment Red 21 No 

Pigment Red 22 Yes 

Pigment Red 23 Yes 

Pigment Red 31 No 

Pigment Red 66 No 

Pigment Red 112 No 

Pigment Red 146 No 

Pigment Red 147 No 

Pigment Red 1 70 No 

All other naphthol reds No 



BAS, DUP, GLX, HCL, HSH, KCW, SNA. 

KCW. 

HEU, HSH, KCW, SNA, VPC. 

CGY, VPC. 

HSH 

HEU, HSH, SNA, VPC. 

HCL, HSH, SNA, VPC. 

BAS, HCL, HEU, HIL, HSH, ROIVI, SNA, 

VPC. 
HCL. 
HCL. 
KCW. 

AMS, APO. BAS, FAB, GLX, HCL, HIL, 

HSH, IND, POP, ROM, SNA. 
APO. BAS, FAB, GLX, HCL, IDC, IND, 

ROM, SNA. 
AMS, BAS, BNS, FAB, GLX, HCL, HSH, 

IDC, IND, ROM, SNA. 
AMS, APO, BAS, CGY, FAB, GLX, HCL, 

HSH, IDC, IND, ROM, SNA, VPC. 
BAS, FAB, GLX, HCL, IDC, IND, ROM, 

SNA. 
HCL. 

MRX. 
CGY. 
VPC. 
HCL, HSH. 

KCW. 

UHL. 

BAS, CGY, HCL, HIL, HSH, SNA. 

BAS, HSH, IND, SNA, VPC. 

BNS. 

BAS, BNS, CGY, FAB, GLX, HSH, IND, 

ROM. 
HCL, IND, ROM, VPC. 
HCL. 

AMS, BAS, CMC, MGR, SNA, UHL. 
CGY, GLX. 



GLX, HCL, HSH. 

CGY, FAB, GLX, HSH. 

KCW. 

HCL. 

BNS, ROM, SNA, UHL. 

BNS. 

GLX, HEU, IND, MRX, ROM, SNA. 

DUP, FAB, GLX, HEU, HSH, IND, KCW, 

ROM, SNA, UHL. 
GLX, HIL, ROM. 
CGY. 

HCL, VPC. 
HCL. 
HSH. 

GLX, HCL. 
BUC, FAB, GLX, IND, KCW, ROM, SNA. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



5-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 16— Continued 

Organic pigments for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Organic pigments 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list In table 1 7) 



Toners— Continued 



Red toners— Continued 

Red pigments, other; Yes 

Pigment Red 1 , (light) No 

Pigment Red 3 Yes 

Pigment Red 4 Yes 

Pigment Red 6 No 

Pigment Red 38 Yes 

Pigment Red 41 No 

Pigment Red 48 No 

Pigment Red 48: 1 , (barium) Yes 

Pigment Red 48:2, (calcium) Yes 

Pigment Red 48:3, (strontium) No 

Pigment Red 48:4, (manganese) No 

Pigment Red 49:1 , (barium) Yes 

Pigment Red 49:2, (calcium) Yes 

Pigment Red 52: 1 , (calcium) No 

Pigment Red 52:2. (manganese) . , No 

Rgment Red 63, (sodium) No 

Pigment Red 53: 1 , (barium) , Yes 

Pigment Red 57 No 

Pigment Red 57: 1 , (calcium) No 

Pigment Red 63 No 

Pigment Red 81 , (PMA) No 

Pigment Red 81 . (PTA) Yes 

Pigment Red 88 No 

Pigment Red 101 No 

Pigment Red 122 No 

Pigment Red 123 No 

Pigment Red 168 No 

Pigment Red 169 No 

Pigment Red 179 No 

Pigment Red 188 No 

Pigment Red 190 No 

Pigment Red 200 No 

Pigment Red 202 No 

Pigment Red 209 No 

Pigment Red 210 No 

Pigment Red 224 No 

Pigment Red 245 No 

Pigment Red 63: 1 , calcium . , , No 

All other pigment red toners No 

Violet toners: Yes 

Pigment Violet 1 , (fugitive) No 

Pigment VIoiet 1 , (PIVIA) No 

Pigment VIoiet 1 , (PTA) No 

Pigment VIoiet 3, (fugitive) No 

Pigment VIoiet 3, (PMA) No 

Pigment Violet 3, (PTA) No 

Pigment Violet 4, (fugitive) No 

Pigment Violet 19 , No 

Pigment Violet 23 No 

Pigment Violet 27 No 

Pigment Violet 29 No 

Pigment Violet 39, (PMA) No 



HSH 

BAS, CGY, HiL, HSH, KCW, MRX, SNA, 

UHL. 
ALE, CGY, HIL, HSH, KCW, MRX, UHL. 
AMS. 

HCL, HSH, MGR, SNA, VPC. 
UHL, VPC. 
CGY. 
APO, BAS, CGY, CMC, FAB, HEU, HiL, 

HSH, MGR, MRX, SNA, UHL. 
AMS, APO, BAS, CGY, CMC, FAB, HEU, 

HIL, HSH, MRX, SNA, UHL, VPC. 
CGY, HSH. 

CGY, HEU, HSH, SNA, VPC. 
AMS, BAS, BNS, CMC, HiL, IDC, MGR, 

SNA, UHL. 
AMS, CMC, HiL, IDC, MGR, SNA, UHL. 
BAS, HSH, MGR, SNA, UHL. 
BAS, CGY, HSH, UHL. 
FAB. 
AMS, APO, BAS, CMC, FAB, HCL, HiL, 

HSH, IDC, MGR, MRX, SNA, UHL. 
BNS. 
AMS, APO, BAS, BNS, CGY, CMC, FAB, 

HEU, HiL, HSH,. IDC, KCW, MGR, POP, 

SNA, UHL. 
HSH. 

BAS, MGR, MRX, SNA, UHL. 
BAS, MGR, MRX, UHL. 
VPC. 
BAS. 

SNA, VPC. 
IDC, VPC. 
VPC. 
MRX. 
VPC. 
HCL. 
VPC. 
BAS. 

SNA, VPC. 
SNA. 
HCL. 
VPC. 
IND. 
SNA. 
FAB, UHL. 



KCW, 
MGR, 
SNA, 
KCW, 
BAS, 
MGR, 
KCW. 
SNA, 
BUC, 
MRX. 
SNA, 
BAS. 



UHL. 

MRX, UHL. 
UHL. 

MGR, UHL. 
HiL, MGR, MRX, UHL. 
MRX, UHL. 

VPC. 

HCL, IPP, S, SNA. VPC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



5-5 



Section 5 



Table 16— Continued 

Organic pigments for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Organic pigments 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to iist In table 17) 



Toners— Continued 



Violet toners— Continued 

All other pigment violet toners No 

Blue toners: Yes 

(Basic Blue 7) No 

Pigment Blue 1 , (PMA) Yes 

Pigment Blue 1 , (PTA) No 

Pigment Blue 2 , (PiVlA) No 

Pigment Blue 14, (PI\/IA) No 

Pigment Blue 15, (a form) Yes 

Pigment Blue 15:1 , (a form) Yes 

Pigment Blue 15:2, (a form) Yes 

Pigment Blue 15:3, (3 form) Yes 

Pigment Blue 15:4, (P form) Yes 

Pigment Blue 19 No 

Pigment Blue 25 No 

Pigment Blue 61 No 

Pigment Blue 62 No 

All other pigment blue toners No 

Green toners: Yes 

Pigment Green 1 , (PMA) No 

Pigment Green 2, (PTA) No 

Pigment Green 4, (fugitive) No 

Pigment Green 4, (PMA) No 

Pigment Green 7 Yes 

Pigment Green 8 No 

Pigment Green 10 No 

Pigment Green 36 Yes 

All other pigment green toners No 

Brovk^n toners: No 

Pigment Brown 5 No 

Biacl< toners: No 

Pigment Black 7 No 

All other pigment black toners No 



Lakes 



Yes 



Yellow lakes: No 

(Acid Yellow 23) No 

Orange lakes: 

Pigment Orange 17 No 

Red lakes: No 

(Acid Red 26) No 

(Basic Red 1 ) No 

(Basic Red 81 , PMA) No 

Pigment Red 60:1 No 

Pigment Red 83 Yes 

Violet lakes: No 

(Basic Violet 1 ) No 

(Basic Violet 4) No 

(Basic Violet 10) No 

Violet 5:1 Yes 

Blue lakes: No 

(Basic Blue 14, PMA) No 

(Basic Blue 1 , PTA) No 

Green lakes: No 

(Basic Green 1 , PMA) No 



BUC, (2). 

KCW. 

BNS, HIL, MGR, MRX, UHL. 

MRX. 

UHL. 

BAS, UHL. 

BAS, CGY, FAB, HEU, HSH, SNA. 

CGY, HEU, HIL, SNA, VPC. 

CGY, DUP, HEU, HIL, SNA, VPC. 

AMS, APO, BAS, CGY, CIK, CMC, HEU, 

HIL, IDC, iPP, MGR, POP, ROM, SNA, 

VPC. 
BAS, CGY, HEU, POP, SNA, VPC. 
PSG. 
GLX. 
BAS. 
MRX. 
FAB. 



MRX, 


UHL. 












MRX, 


UHL. 












UHL. 














UHL. 














ALG, 


BAS, 


CGY, 


HCL, 


HIL, 


POP, 


SNA, 


VPC. 












KCW, 














HEU. 














BAS, 


SNA, 


VPC. 










n- 














GLX. 














HCL, 


VPC. 












UHL. 















MRX. 

KCW. 

KCW. 

BNS. 

LVR. 

HSH, MRX, SNA. 

HSH, MRX, UHL. 

BNS. 
BNS. 
BNS. 
HSH, MRX, UHL, VPC. 

LVR. 
LVR. 

LVR. 



' Chemicals for which seperate statistics are reported in this section are Indicated by 'Yes.' Chemicals for which 

data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'No.' 

2 The manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the dislgnated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received In response to questionnaires of the U.S. international Trade Commission. 



5-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 17 

Organic pigments: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1988 



Code 



Name of company 



ALE Alex Color Co. 

ALG Allegheny Chemical Corp. 

AMS RIdgway Color Co. 

APO Apollo Colors, Inc. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BNS Binney and Smith, Inc. 

BUG Synailoy Corp., Biackman 

Uhler Chemical Div. 

CGY Ciba-Geigy Corp. 

OIK Flint Ink Corp. , Cal/Ink Div. 

CMC Chromatic Color Corp. 

DUP E.I. Dupont De Nemours & Co., Inc. 

Chemicals and Pigments Dept. 

FAB Fabricolor Manufacturing Corp. 

GLX Gaiaxie Chemical Corp. 

HCL Hoechst Celanese Corp.: 

Rhode island Works 

Sou-Tex Works 



Code 



Name of company 



HEU Heubach, Inc. 

HIL Hilton Davis Company 

HSH Engelhard Corporation 

IDC Industrial Color, Inc. 

IND Indoi Color Co. , Inc. 

IPP Spectrachem Corp. 

KCW Keystone Color Works, Inc. 

LVR C. Lever Co., Inc. 

MGR Magruder Color Co. , Inc. 

MAX Max Marx Color Corp. 

POP Pope Chemical Corp. 

PSG PMC Specialities Group, Inc. 

ROM Roma Color, Inc. 

S Sandoz Inc. Colors and Chemicals Div. 

SNA Sun Chemical Corp., Pigment Div. 

DHL Paul Uhlich & Co., Inc. 

VPC Mobay Chemical Corp. , 

Dyes & Pigments Div. 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed In app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. international Trade Commission. 



5-7 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Section 6 
Medicinal Chemicals 

Medicinal chemicals include the medicinal 
and feed grades of all organic chemicals having 
therapeutic value, whether obtained by chemical 
synthesis, by fermentation, by extraction from 
naturally occurring plant or animal substances, or 
by refining a technical grade product. They 
include antibiotics and other anti-infective agents, 
antihistamines, autonomic drugs, cardiovascular 
agents, central nervous system depressants and 
stimulants, hormones and synthetic substitutes, 
vitamins, and other therapeutic agents for human 
or veterinary use, and for animal feed 
supplements. Data for the production of these 
products during 1984-88 are shown in figure 7. 

Table 18 shows statistics for production and 
sales of medicinal chemicals grouped by 
pharmacological class. The statistics shown are 
for bulk chemicals only. Finished pharmaceutical 
preparations and products put up in pills, 
capsules, tablets, or other measured doses are 
excluded.'' The difference between production 
and sales reflects inventory changes, processing 
losses, and captive consumption of medicinal 



' Complementary statistics on the dollar value of 
manufacturers' shipments of finished pharmaceutical 
preparations, except biologicals, are published annually by 
the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 
in Current Industrial Reports, Series MA-28G. Many 
pharmaceutical manufacturers that report to the Bureau of 
the Census are excluded from the U.S. International Trade 
Commission report because they are not primary producers 
of medicinal chemicals; that is, they do not themselves 
produce the bulk drugs which go into their pharmaceutical 
products, but purchase their drug requirements from 
domestic or foreign producers. 



chemicals processed into ethical and proprietary 
pharmaceutical products by the primary 
manufacturer. In some instances, the difference 
may also include quantities for medicinal grade 
products used as intermediates; for example, 
penicillin V used as an intermediate in the 
manufacture of other antibiotics. All quantities 
are given in terms of 100 percent content of the 
pure bulk drug. Table 19 lists the products 
reported in this section and indicates the 
manufacturer (s) of each by code. These codes 
are identified by company name in table 20. 

Total U.S. production of bulk medicinal 
chemicals in 1988 amounted to 258.2 million 
pounds. Total sales of bulk medicinal chemicals 
in 1988 amounted to 227.9 million pounds, 
valued at $1,831.0 million. Beginning in 1980, 
methionine and most other amino acids and their 
salts are reported in the section on Miscellaneous 
End-Use Chemicals and Chemical Products. 
Section totals are not, therefore, comparable with 
years prior to 1980. 

Production of the larger groups of medicinal 
chemicals in 1988 was as follows (see table 18): 
Antibiotics, 28.8 million pounds, 18.9 percent 
lower than in 1987; anti-infective agents other 
than antibiotics, 19.1 million pounds, 10.3 per- 
cent lower than in 1987; central nervous system 
depressants and stimulants, 49.2 million pounds, 
31.6 percent lower than in 1987; gastrointestinal 
agents and therapeutic nutrients, 99.7 million 
pounds, 55.3 percent higher than in 1987; and 
vitamins, 38.5 million pounds, 25 percent lower 
than in 1987. 

Elizabeth R. Nesbitt 
202-252-1355 



Figure 7 
Medicinal chem 


icals: 


U.S 


. production, 


1984-88 














Mmo 

of po 
300- 


^s 
jnds 










2/0- 


^^^ 


















^^^ 




Wi&Xxi 




wxmA 




240 - 


^M. 










^M 








^^& 




210- 


X35S%XX'' 




- 


180- 
150- 


^P 




iBSii 




'iXfif0iX 




^m 




^M. 


— 


&oi:^%:^'%X:%i 






V;/v;:J^J%J%X 






&^^ 




!X:kX^X: 




is&x«x 




120- 
90- 
60- 
30 








1^1 






^^s 




^M 






- 


^^m 












ii 






- 


n 













1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



6-1 



Section 6 

Table 18 

Medicinal chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1988 

Sales Average 

Unit 

l^edicinal chemicals Production^ Quantity Value value^ 

1,000 1.000 1.000 Per 

pounds pounds dollars pound 

Grand total 258,201 227,899 1,831,011 $8.03 

Acyclic 99,161 117,018 208,031 1.78 

Benzenoid= 117,435 81,719 844,467 10.33 

Cyclic nonbenzenold^ 41,605 29,162 778,513 26.70 

Antibiotics, total 28,827 10,247 550,839 53.76 

Penicillins, totaP 6,308 1 ,577 36,298 23.02 

All other antibiotics, total 22,519 8,670 514,541 59.35 

For medicinal uses 7 466 3,225 430,800 133.58 

For nonmedlcinal uses'' 15,053 5,445 83,741 15.38 

Antihistamines, total 445 328 48,266 147.15 

Antinauseants 45 28 1,173 41.89 

All other antihistamines 400 300 47,093 156.98 

Anti-infective agents (except 

antibiotics), total 19,093 8,171 39,362 4.82 

Anthelmintics 7,747 3.435 3,265 .95 

All other anti-infective agents 

(except a.-,tibiotics)8 11,346 4,736 36,097 7.62 

Autonomic drugs, total 980 726 21 ,007 28.94 

Sympathomimetic (adrenergic) 

agents 942 (^) (^) {^) 

All other autonomic drugs 38 (^) {^) {^) 

Central depressants and stimulants, 
total 49,193 54,321 380,406 7.00 

Analgesics, antipyretics, and nonhormonal 

anti-inflammatory agents, total 42,822 50,865 158,301 3.11 

Aspirin 23,693 {^) (») («) 

All other analgesics, antipyretics, 
and nonhormonal anti-inflammatory 

agents'o 19,129 50,865 158,301 3.11 

Antidepressants 100 36 11,992 333.11 

Antitussives 262 390 49,652 127.31 

All other central depressants and 
stimulants" 6,009 3,030 160,461 52.96 

Dermatoiogical agents 15,012 7,446 7,052 .95 

Expectorants and mucolytic agents 1,111 883 7,836 8.87 

Gastrointestinal agents and therapeutic 
nutrients'2 99,713 115,743 85,663 .74 

Vitamins'^ 38,542 26,898 121 ,529 4.52 

Miscellaneous medicinal chemicals'" 5,285 3,136 569,051 181.46 

' The data on production and sales are for bulk medi'^inal chemicals only. Methionine and most other amino acids 
and their salts are now reported in the section on Miscellaneous End-Use Chemicals and Chemical Products. Section 
totals are not, therefore, comparable with years prior to 1980. 

2 Calculated from rounded figureb. 

3 Benzenoid, as used in this report, describes any cyclic medicinal chemical whose molecule contains either a 
6-membered carbocyclic ring with conjugated double bonds or a 6-membered heterocyclic ring with 1 or 2 hetero 
atoms and conjugated double bonds, except the pyrimidine ring. 

^ Includes antibiotics of unknown structure. 

® Includes semisynthetic penicillins and all other penicillins. 

s Includes production and sales of antifungal and antltubercular antibiotics, tetracyclines, and cephalosporins. 

^ Includes production and sales of tetracyclines. 



6-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Footnotes for table 18— Continued 

s Includes production and sales of antiprotozoan agents, sulfonamides, and urinary antiseptics; does not Include 

production of sulfaguanidine used as an intermediate In the production of anti-infective sulfonamides. 

8 Reported data were accepted in confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 

'" Includes sales quantity and value of aspirin. 

" Includes production and sales of amphetamines; general anesthetics; respiratory and cerebral stimulants; skeletal 

muscle relaxants; tranquilizers; and anticonvulsants, hypnotics, and sedatives. 

'2 Methionine and its salts are reported in the section In Miscellaneous End-Use Chemicals and Chemical Products 

under amino acids. 

'^ Includes production and sales of vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, and vitamin K. 

" Includes production and sales of antineoplastic agents, cardiovascular agents, diagnostic agents, hematological 

agents, renal-acting and edema-reducing agents, and unclassified medicinal chemicals. Also includes production and 

sales of local anesthetics, smooth muscle relaxants (Including theophylline derivatives), and hormones and synthetic 

substitutes. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



6-3 



Section 6 



Table 19 

Medicinal chemicals for whicin U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 

1988 



Medicinal chemicals 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 20) 



Antibiotics; Yes 

Cephalosporins: No 

Cefaclor No 

Cefamandole No 

Cefazolin, sodium No 

Cefoxitin No 

Cephalexin No 

Cephalothin, sodium No 

Cephradine No 

Penicillins; Yes 
Penicillins, semisynthetic; 
Amoxicillin: 

Amoxicillin (trihydrate) TJo 

Amoxicillin (anhydrous) No 

Ampioillin: 

Ampicillin (anhydrous) No 

Ampicillin (trihydrate) No 

Other semisynthetic penicillins: 

Ampicillin, sodium No 

Carbenicillin, disodium No 

Carbenicillin indanyl, sodium No 

Cloxacillin, sodium No 

Cyclacillin No 

Dicloxacillin, sodium No 

Hetacillin, potassium No 

Nafcillin, sodium No 

Oxacillin, sodium No 

Piperacillin No 

Ticarcillin, disodium No 

All other semisynthetic penicillins No 

Penicillins (except semisynthetic): 
For medicinal use: 

Penicillin G, benzathine No 

Penicillin G, potassium No 

Penicillin V, potassium No 

Penicillin G, procaine (medicinal grade) No 

For nonmedicinal uses: 

Penicillin G, procaine (animal feed grade) No 

Tetracyclines: 
For medicinal use: 

Chlortetracycline (medicinal grade) No 

Minocycline No 

Oxytetracycline (medicinal grade) No 

Tetracycline No 

For nonmedicinal uses: 

Chlortetracycline (animal feed grade) No 

Oxytetracycline (animal feed grade) No 

Other antibiotics; 

For medicinal use: Yes 

Antifungal antibiotics: Yes 

Amphotericin B No 

Nystatin (Tnedicinal grade) No 

Tobramyctn No 

Antltubercular antibiotics; No 

Cycloserine No 

Dihydrostreptomycin No 

Other antibiotics for medicinal use; No 

Apramycin No 

Aztreonam No 

Cefonicid No 



LIL. 






LIL. 






LIL. 






MRK. 






BOC, 


LIL, ■ 


TRD. 


LIL. 






PFZ, 


TRD. 




BEE, 


BOC, 


BRS, KAN 


BEE, 


BRS. 




BRS. 






BOC, 


, BRS, 


KAN. 


BEE, 


BRS, 


WYT. 


PFZ. 






BEE. 






BEW, 


. BOC 




BOC, 






BEE, 


BOC, 


WYT. 


BRS. 






BEE, 


WYT. 




BEE, 


BOC. 




BRS. 






BEE, 


BEW. 




BEE. 






WYT 






PFZ. 






LIL, 1 


=FZ. 




PFZ, 


WYT. 





PFZ. 



ACY. 
ACY. 
PFZ. 
ACY. 

ACY, PFZ. 
PFZ. 



PEN, TRD. 
ACY, TRD. 
LIL. 

LIL. 
PFZ. 

LIL. 

TRD. 

SK. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



6-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 19— Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 

1988 



Medicinal chemicals 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 20) 



Antibiotics— Continued Yes 

Other antibiotics— Continued Yes 
For medicinal use— Continued 
Other antibiotics for medicinal use— Continued 

Cefuroxime No 

Clindamycin No 

Erythromycin No 

Erythromycin estolate No 

Erythromycin stearate No 

Erythromycin succinate No 

Erythromycin thiocyanate No 

Gentamycin No 

imipenem No 

Kanamycin No 

Lincomycin (medicinal grade) No 

Neomycin (medicinal grade) No 

Netilmicin No 

Novobiocin, sodium No 

Polymyxin B No 

SIsomycIn No 

Spectinomycin (medicinal grade) No 

Thiostrepton No 

Vancomycin No 

All other antibiotics, for medicinal use No 

For nonmedicinal uses; Yes 

Bacitracin (animal feed grade) No 

Cycloheximide No 

Hygromycin B No 

Lasalocid, sodium No 

Lincomycin (animal feed grade) No 

Monesin No 

Neomycin (animal feed grade) No 

Novobiocin (animal feed grade) No 

Spectinomycin (animal feed grade) No 

Streptomycin No 

Tylosin No 

Antihistamines: Yes 

Antinauseants: Yes 

Dimenhydrinate No 

IVieclizine hydrochloride No 

Metoclopramide hydrochloride No 

Trimethobenzamide hydrochloride No 

Other antihistamines; Yes 

Brompheniramine maleate No 

Chlorpheniramine maleate No 

Chlorpheniramine tannate No 

Cyproheptadine hydrochloride No 

Dexbrompheniramine maleate No 

Dimethindene maleate No 

Diphenhydramine citrate No 

Diphenhydramine hydrochloride No 

Doxylamine succinate No 

Laradine No 

Phenlndamine tartrate No 

Phenyltoloxamlne citrate No 

Pyrllamine maleate No 

Pyrilamine tannate No 

Terfenadine No 

Tripelennamine No 

Tripelennamine citrate No 



LIL. 

ABB, UPJ. 

ABB, ANG, UPJ. 

LIL. 

UPJ. 

ANG. 

ANG. 

SCH. 

MRK. 

BRS. 

UPJ. 

UPJ. 

SCH. 

UPJ. 

PFZ. 

SCH. 

ABB, UPJ. 

TRD. 

ABB, ACY, LIL. 

ABB, RSA. 

IMC. 

UPJ. 

LIL. 

HOF. 

UPJ. 

LIL. 

PFZ, UPJ. 

UPJ. 

UPJ. 

PFZ. 

LIL. 



GAN. 
PFZ. 

LLI. 
HOF. 

HEX, LLI. 

HEX. 

HEX. 

IVIRK. 

ABB, HEX. 

CGY. 

WYK. 

PD. 

BKC. 

SCH. 

HOF. 

GAN. 

HEX. 

HEX. 

DOW. 

CGY. 

CGY. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



6-5 



Section 6 



Table 19^Continued 



Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 
1988 



Medicinal cliemicals 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 20) 



Antihistamines— Continued Yes 

Other antihistamines— Continued Yes 

Tripelennamine hydrochloride No 

Triprolidine hydrochloride No 

Anti-Infective agents (except antibiotics): Yes 

Anthelmintics: Yes 

Clorsulon No 

DIethylcarbamazine citrate No 

Ivermectin No 

PIperazine No 

PIperazine dihydrochloride No 

PIperazine hexahydrate No 

PIperazine hydrochloride No 

PIperazine sulfate No 

Pyrantel pamoate No 

Thiabendazole No 

Antlprotozoan agents: No 

Arsenic and bismuth compounds: No 

Arsanillc acid No 

NItarsone No 

Roxarsone No 

Roxarsone, sodium No 

Other antlprotozoan agents: 

Amprollum No 

DInitolmlde No 

Ethopabate No 

Hydroxychloroquine sulfate No 

lodochlorhydroxyquin No 

Metronidazole No 

NItromlde No 

Sulfonamides: No 

Mafenide No 

Mafenide acetate No 

Sulfabenzamlde No 

Sulfacetamide, sodium No 

Sulfadiazine No 

Sulfadiazine, silver No 

Sulfadimethoxine No 

Sulfamethazine No 

Sulfamethazine, sodium No 

Sulfamethizole No 

Sulfamethoxazole No 

Sulfanltran No 

Sulfasalazine No 

Sulfathlazole, sodium No 

Sulflsoxazole No 

Sulflsoxazole, acetyl No 

Urinary antiseptics: 

Methenamine No 

Methenamine hippurate No 

Methenamine mandelate No 

Other anti-infective agents: No 

Antifungal agents: No 

Benzoic acid No 

Calcium undecylenate No 

Sodium caprylate No 

Zinc undecylenate No 

All other antifungal agents No 

Antiieprotic and antitubercular agents: No 

Aminosalicylic acid No 



CGY. 
AMD, BUR. 



MRK. 

SK. 

MRK. 

TX, UCC. 

FLM. 

BRS. 

FLM. 

FLM. 

PFZ. 

MRK. 



FLM. 
SAL. 
SAL. 
SAL. 

MRK. 
SAL. 
MRK. 
SD. 

CGY. 
SRL. 
SAL. 

SDW. 

SDW. 

ACY. 

SCH. 

ACY, SOT. 

LEM. 

HOF. 

SAL. 

SAL. 

ACY. 

HOF. 

SAL. 

SAL. 

SAL. 

HOF. 

HOF. 

ARN. 
RIK. 
ARN, PD. 



KLM. 
WTL. 
LEM. 
WTL. 
ARN. 

HXL. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



6-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 19— Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 

1988 



Medicinal chemicals 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 20) 



Anti-Infective agents (except antibiotics)— Continued Yes 
Other anti-infective agents— Continued 

Antileprotic and antitubercuiar agents— Continued No 

Sodium aminosalicylate No 

Sulfoxone, sodium No 

Antiviral agents: No 

Acyclovir No 

Amantadine hydrochloride No 

AzIdothymidine No 

Rimantidine hydrochloride No 

Antiviral agents, all other No 

General antiseptics and antibacterial agents: No 

Bromchlorenone No 

Capreomycin No 

Ceftazidime No 

Ceftazidime dihydrochlorlde No 

Cetylpyridinium chloride No 

Cinoxacin No 

m-Cresyl acetate No 

8-Hydroxy-S-quinolinesulfonic acid No 

Iodoform No 

Magnesium salicylate No 

Ormetoprim No 

Pentamidine isethionate No 

Povidone - iodine No 

Resorcinol No 

Trimethoprim No 

Autonomic drugs: Yes 

Sympathomimetic agents: Yes 

Albuterol sulfate No 

Dobutamine No 

Methoxyphenamine hydrochloride No 

Naphazoline hydrochloride No 

Phenylephrine bitartrate No 

Phenylephrine hydrochloride No 

Phenylephrine tannate No 

Phenylpropanolamine bitartrate No 

Phenylpropanolamine hydrochloride No 

Propylhexedrine No 

Pseudoephedrine hydrochloride No 

Pseudoephedrine sulfate No 

Terbutaline sulfate No 

Tetrahydrozoline hydrochloride No 

All other sympathomimetic (adrenergic) agents No 

Other autonomic drugs: Yes 
Parasympatholytic quaternary ammonium compounds 

(except tropane derivatives): No 

Glycopyrrolate No 

Isopropamide iodide No 

Propantheline bromide No 

Parasympatholytic tertiary amines (except tropane 
derivatives): 

Oxybutynin chloride No 

Oxyphencyclimine hydrochloride No 

Parasympatholytic tropane derivatives: 

Benztropine mesylate No 

Parasympathomimetic agents: 

Bethanechol chloride No 

Neostigmine methylsulfate No 

Pyridostigmine bromide No 



HXL. 
ABB. 

BUR. 
HEX. 
BUR. 
HOP. 
H. 

MHI. 

LIL. 

LIL, IVIRK, SK, (2). 

SK. 

HXL. 

LIL. 

ADC. 

MRK. 

DPW, MAL. 

ARN. 

HOP. 

MRX. 

GAP. 

KPT. 

BUR. 



SCH. 

LIL. 

HXL. 

CGY. 

GAN. 

GAN, SDW. 

HEX. 

ARS. 

ARS, GAN, HXL, CRT. 

SK. 

BUR, GAN. 

GAN. 

CGY. 

PFZ. 

ARN. 



LLI. 
SK. 
SRL. 



ABB. 
PFZ. 

MRK, (2). 

GAN, MRK. 

HOP. 

HOP. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



6-7 



Section 6 



Table 19— Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 

1968 



Medicinal chemicals 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 20) 



Autonomic drugs— Continued Yes 

Other autonomic drugs— Continued Yes 
Sympatholytic agents: 

TImoioi maleate No 

Central depressants and stimulants: Yes 

Analgesics, antipyretics, and nonhormonai anti- Yes 
Inflammatory agents: 

Acetaminophen No 

Aspirin Yes 

Aurothiogiucose No 

Choline magnesium salicylate No 

DIflunisal No 

Fenoprofen No 

Fentanyl citrate No 

Fiunixin No 

Gold sodium thiomalate No 

Hydromorphone hydrochloride No 

Ibuprofen No 

Indomethacin No 

Meolofenamate, sodium No 

Meolofenamic acid No 

Mefenamic acid No 

Meperidine hydrochloride No 

IVIethadone hydrochloride No 

Morphine sulfate No 

Oxycodone hydrochloride No 

Oxycodone terephthaiate No 

Pentazocine No 

Pentazocine hydrochloride No 

Phenylbutazone No 

PIroxicam No 

Potassium aminobenzoate No 

Potassium salicylate No 

Propoxyphene hydrochloride No 

Propoxyphene napsylate No 

Salsalate No 

Sodium aminobenzoate No 

Sodium salicylate No 

Suifentanil citrate No 

Sulindac No 

Anticonvulsants, hypnotics, and sedatives: 

Anticonvulsants (except barbiturates): No 

Ethosuximide No 

Ethotoin No 

Methsuximide No 

Phensuximlde No 

Phenytoin No 

Phenytoin, sodium No 

Valproic acid No 

Barbiturates; No 

Amobarbitai No 

Amobarbital, sodium No 

Butabarbitai No 

Butabarbitai, sodium No 

Butalbital No 

Pentobarbital No 

Phenobarbital No 

Phenobarbltal, sodium No 

Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyi)-a-carboxymethyl, 

omega- (tridecyloxy) , potassium salt No 



MRK. 



MAL, MON, SDW. 

DOW, MON, NOR, SD. 

SCH, 

LEM. 

MRK. 

LIL, WYK. 

MRX. 

SCH. 

MRX. 

PEN. 

TNA, UPJ. 

MRK. 

PD, WYK. 

PD. 

PD. 

PEN, SDW. 

MAL. 

MAL, PEN, SAL. 

DUP, MAL, PEN. 

PEN. 

SD. 

SD. 

CGY. 

PFZ. 

GAN. 

KLM. 

ABB, GAN, LIL. 

ABB, GAN, LIL. 

WYK. 

GAN. 

KLM. 

MRX. 

MRK. 



PD. 

ABB. 

PD. 

PD. 

PD. 

PD. 

ABB. 

GAN. 
GAN. 
GAN. 
ABB. 
GAN. 
GAN. 
GAN. 
GAN. 

GAN. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



6-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 19— Continued 



Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 
1988 



Medicinal chemicals 



Separate 
statistics^ 



/Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 20) 



Central depressants and stimulants— Continued 
Anticonvulsants, hypnotics, and sedatives— Continued 
Barbiturates— Continued 

Secobarbital ^ No 

Secobarbital, sodium No 

Thiamylal, sodium No 

Thiopental, sodium No 

Hypnotics and sedatives (except barbiturates): No 

Ethchlorvynoi No 

Giutethimide No 

Methyprylon No 

All other hypnotics and sedatives, other than 

barbiturates No 

Antidepressants: Yes 

Amitriptyiine hydrochloride No 

Amoxapine No 

Doxepin hydrochloride ■ No 

Fluoxetine No 

imipramine hydrochloride No 

Maprotiline hydrochloride No 

Nortriptyline hydrochloride No 

Protriptyline hydrochloride No 

Antitussives: Yes 

Benzonatate No 

Codeine No 

Dextromethorphan hydrobromide No 

Hydrocodone bitartrate No 

Noscapine No 

Thebaine No 

Tranquilizers: No 

Phenothiazlne derivatives: No 

Chiorpromazine hydrochloride No 

f=luphenazine hydrochloride No 

Perphenazine No 

Other tranquilizers: No 

Clorazepate dipotassium No 

Haloperldol No 

Hydroxyzine hydrochloride No 

Hydroxyzine pamoate No 

Loxapine succinate No 

Prazepam No 

Thiothixene hydrochloride No 

Other central depressants and stimulants: Yes 

Amphetamines: No 

Dextroamphetamine sulfate No 

Methamphetamine hydrochloride No 

General anesthetics: 

Enflurane No 

isoflurane No 

Ketamine hydrochloride No 

Respiratory and cerebral stimulants: No 
Caffeine (natural and synthetic): 

Caffeine, natural No 

Caffeine, synthetic No 

Other respiratory and cerebral stimulants: No 

Diethylpropion hydrochloride No 

Doxapram hydrochloride No 

Methylphenidate hydrochloride No 

Pemoline No 

Phendimetrazine No 

Phentermine No 

Phentermine hydrochrloride No 



GAN. 
GAN. 
ABB, PD. 
ABB. 

ABB. 
GAN. 
HOP. 

UPJ. 

MRK. 

WYK. 

PFZ. 

LIL. 

CGY. 

ABB, CGY. 

LiL. 

MRK, WYK. 

CGY. 

IVlAL, PEN. 
AiVID, HOP. 
MAL, PEN. 
MAL, PEN. 
MAL, PEN. 



SK. 

TRD. 

SCH. 

ABB. 

SRL. 

LEM, PFZ. 

PFZ. 

WYK. 

PD. 

PFZ. 



ARN. 
ARN. 

OH. 
OH. 
BRS, PD. 



CPR, GNF. 
PFZ. 

GAN. 

LLI. 

CGY. 

ABB. 

GAN. 

GAN, SDW. 

HEX. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



6-9 



Section 6 



Table 19— Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 

1988 



Medicinal chemicals 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 20) 



Central depressants and stimulants— Continued 
Other central depressants and stimulants— Continued 

Skeletal muscle relaxants: No 

Chlorphenesin carbamate No 

Cyclobenzaprine hydrochloride No 

Methocarbamol No 

Orphenadrine citrate No 

Succinylchoiine chloride No 

Tubocurarine No 

All other skeletal muscle relaxants No 

Dermatologioal agents; Yes 

Aluminum phenolsuifonate No 

Ammonium phenolsuifonate No 

Salicylic acid No 

Zinc phenolsuifonate No 

Zinc salicylate No 

Expectorants and mucolytic agents: 

Ethylenediamine dihydroiodide No 

Guaifenesin No 

lodinated glycerol No 

Gastrointestinal agents and therapeutic nutrients: Yes 

Gastrointestinal agents: No 

Choline chloride (all grades): No 

Choline chloride (animal feed grade) No 

Choline chloride (medicinal grade) No 

Other gastrointestinal agents: No 

Acetylcholine chloride No 

Betaine hydrochloride No 

Calcium polycarbophii No 

Choleretics and hydrocholeretics No 

Choline bicarbonate No 

Choline bitartrate No 

Choline citrate No 

Choline dihydrogen citrate No 

Cimetidine No 

Cimetidine hydrochloride No 

Colestipol hydrochloride No 

DIhydroxyaluminum aminoaoetate No 

Diphenoxylate No 

Docusate, calcium No 

Docusate, potassium No 

Docusate, sodium No 

Famotidine No 

Gemfibrozil No 

Methscopolamine bromide No 

Nizatidine No 

Probucol No 

Sucralfate No 

Therapeutic nutrients: No 

Calcium gluceptate No 

Copper gluconate No 

Magnesium gluconate No 

Manganese gluconate No 

Potassium gluconate No 

Zinc gluconate No 

Hormones and synthetic substitutes: No 

Anabolic agents and androgens: No 

Androstenedione No 

Fluoxymesterone No 



UPJ. 




MRK. 




LLI. 




ABB, 


WYK. 


ABB, 


BUR. 


ABB. 




UPJ. 




SAL. 




SAL. 




DOW, 


KLM, MON. 


MAL, 


SAL. 


RSA. 




AJY, 


DPW. 


LLI, NOR. 


n. 




CHO, 


HFT, NUT, TMH 


CHO, 


HFT. 


RSA. 




CHO, 


HFT. 


DAN, 


LLI. 


UPJ. 




CHO, 


HFT. 


CHO, 


HFT. 


CHO. 




CHO, 


HFT. 


SK. 




SK. 




UPJ. 




CHT. 




MAL. 




MAL. 




ACY. 




ACY, 


MAL. 


MRK. 




PD. 




UPJ. 




LIL. 




DOW 




SK. 




PFN. 




PFZ. 




PFZ. 




PFZ. 




PFZ. 




PFZ. 




UPJ. 




UPJ. 





See footnotes at end of table. 



6-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 19— Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 

1988 



Medicinal chemicals 



Separate 
statistics'' 



tJlanufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list In table 20) 



Hormones and synthetic substitutes— Continued 
Anabolic agents and androgens— Continued 

Methyltestosterone No 

Testosterone No 

Testosterone cypionate No 

Testosterone propionate No 

Zeranol No 

All other anabolic agents and androgens No 

Corticosteroids: No 

Aclomethasone No 

Beolomethasone No 

Betamethasone No 

Betamethasone dipropionate No 

Betamethasone sodium phosphate No 

Betamethasone valerate No 

Cortisone acetate No 

Dexamethasone No 

Dexamethasone acetate No 

Dexamethasone sodium phosphate No 

Diflorasone diacetate No 

Fludrocortisone acetate No 

Fiuorometholone No 

Halcinonide No 

Hydrocortisone No 

Hydrocortisone acetate No 

Isofiupredone, acetate No 

Medrysone No 

IVlethylprednisolone No 

Prednisolone No 

Prednisolone acetate No 

Prednisone No 

Triamcinolone No 

Triamcinolone acetonide No 

Triamcinolone diacetate No 

Estrogens and progestogens: No 

Estrogens: No 

Estradiol cypionate ■ No 

Estrogens, conjugated No 

Estrogens, esterified No 

All other estrogens No 

Progestogens; No 

DInoprostone No 

Hydroxyprogesterone caproate No 

IVIedroxyprogesterone acetate No 

Megestrol acetate No 

Melengestrol acetate No 

Progesterone No 

All other progestins No 

Synthetic hypoglycemic agents: 

Acetohexamide No 

Chlorpropamide No 

Glipizide No 

Tolazamide No 

Tolbutamide No 

Thyroid hormone and antithyroid agents: No 

Methimazoie No 

Thyrogiobulin No 

Thyroid No 



n- 

{'). 

IMC. 

UPJ. 

SCH. 

SCH. 

SCH, (2). 

SCH. 

SCH. 

SCH. 

MRK, UPJ. 

MRK, (2). 

MRK. 

MRK, (2). 

UPJ. 

UPJ. 

UPJ. 

TRD. 

UPJ. 

UPJ. 

{^)- 

UPJ. 

ABB, UPJ. 

MRK, UPJ. 

UPJ. 

UPJ. 

TRD, (=). 

TRD, (2). 

TRD, (2). 



UPJ. 
ORG. 
ORG. 
ORG. 

UPJ. 

UPJ. 

{']■ 

UPJ. 

UPJ. 

UPJ. 

UPJ. 

LIL. 

PFZ. 

PFZ. 

P). 

UPJ. 

LIL. 

NEP. 

ARP. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



6-11 



Section 6 

Table 19— Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 

1988 



Medicinal chemicals 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 20) 



Hormones and synthetic substitutes— Continued 

Other hormones and synthetic substitutes: No 

Calcitonin No 

Corticotropin No 

Danazol No 

Flutamide No 

Gonadoreiin, acetate No 

Humatrope No 

Insulin No 

Local anesthetics; No 

Benzocaine No 

Butamben No 

DIbuoalne No 

DIbucalne hydrochloride No 

LIdocaine No 

LIdocaine hydrochioride No 

Pramoxine hydrochioride No 

Tetracaine hydrochioride No 

Renal-actIng and edema-reducing agents: No 

Benzothladlazine derivatives: No 

Benzthlazide No 

Chlorothiazide No 

Hydrochlorothiazide No 

Polythiazlde , No 

Other renal-acting and edema-reducing agents: No 

Amiloride hydrochioride No 

Canrenoate, potassium No 

Ethacrynic acid No 

Furosemide No 

Probenecid No 

Spironolactone No 

Triamterene No 

Smooth muscle relaxants: No 

Atracurium besylate No 

Flavoxate hydrochioride No 

Oxtriphylline No 

Theophylline sodium giyclnate No 

Vitamins: Yes 

Vitamin A: No 

Beta carotene (provitamin A) No 

Tretinoin (vitamin A acid) No 

Vitamin A acetate (animal feed grade) No 

Vitamin A acetate (medicinal grade) No 

Vitamin A alcohol No 

Vitamin A palmitate (medicinal grade) No 

All other vitamin A No 

Vitamin B-compiex: No 

Niacin and derivatives: No 

Niacin (medicinal grade) No 

Niacinamide (medicinal grade) No 

Niacinamide hydroiodlde No 

Pantothenic acid derivatives: 

Dexpanthenoi No 

Panthenoi No 

Other B-complex vitamins: 

Blotin No 

Cyanocobalamin (animal feed grade) No 

Cyanocobaiamin (U.S. P. crystalline) No 

Riboflavin (animal feed grade) No 

Riboflavin (medicinal grade) No 



ARP. 

ARP, ORG. 

SD. 

SCH. 

ABB. 

LiL. 

LIL. 

iVIAL, WYK. 
ABB, WYK. 
CGY. 
CGY. 

LEM, WYK. 
LEM, WYK. 
ABB. 
UPJ. 



PFZ. 
iViRK. 

CGY, MRK. 
PFZ. 

iViRK. 

SRL. 

IViRK. 

SAL. 

MRK, SAL. 

SRL. 

GAN, SK. 



BUR. 
SK. 
PD. 
CHT. 



HOF. 
EK. 

HOF. 
HOF. 
EK, HOF. 
HOF. 
EK. 



RiL. 

NEP, RiL. 
DPVy. 

HOF. 
HOF. 

HOF. 
MRK. 
MRK. 
MRK. 
HOF. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



6-12 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 13— Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for wlilch U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 

1988 



Separate Manufacturers' Identification codes 

Medicinal chemicals statistics' (according to list In table 20) 



Vitamins— Continued 
Vitamin B-Complex— Continued 
Other B-Complex vitamins— Continued 

Ribofiavln-5-phosphate, sodium No HOF. 

Thiamine hydrochloride No HOF. 

Thiamine mononitrate No HOF. 

Vitamin C; 

Ascorbic add No HOF. 

Calcium ascorbate No HOF. 

Sodium ascorbate No HOF. 

Vitamin D: 

Cholecalciferoi (vitamin D ) No DUP. 

7-Dehydrochoiesteroi (provitamin D ) No DUP. 

Ergocaiciferol (vitamin D ) No VTiVi. 

Ali other vitamin D No UPJ. 

Vitamin E: No 

Dl-aipha tocopheryi acetate (all grades): No 

dl-a Tocopheryi acetate (animal feed grade) No BAS, HOF. 

dl-a Tocopheryi acetate (medicinal grade) No BAS, HOF. 

Other vitamin E; 

d-a Tocopherol No EKT. 

dl-a Tocopherol No HOF. 

d-a Tocopheryi acetate No EKT. 

d-a Tocopheryi acid succinate No EKT. 

Miscellaneous medicinal chemicals: Yes 

Antineoplastic agents: No 

Azathloprine No BUR. 

Carboplatin No MRX. 

Cisplatin No IVIRX. 

Cytarabine No PFN, UPJ. 

Leuprolide acetate No ABB. 

iVIethotrexate No BRS. 

Procarbazine hydrochloride No BRS, HOF. 

Streptozocin No PFN, UPJ. 

Tliomlsole No TNA. 

Vinblastine sulfate No LIL. 

Vincristine sulfate No LIL. 

All other antineoplastic agents No {^). 

Cardiovascular agents; No 

Antihypertensive agents: No 

Captopril No TRD. 

DIazoxide No SCH. 

Dilevaiol hydrochloride No SCH. 

Hydralazine hydrochloride No CGY. 

LIsinopril No IVIRK. 

iVIethyldopa No MRK. 

IVIetoproioi tartrate No CGY. 

Minoxidil No UPJ. 

Nadolol No TRD. 

Prazosin hydrochloride No ABB, PFZ. 

Sodium nitroprusside No ABB. 

Terazosin No ABB. 

Enaiaprii maieate No MRK. 

Vasodilators: No 

Nicotinyl alcohol tartrate No ARN. 

Nifedipine No PFZ. 

Other cardiovascular agents; No 

Diltlazen hydrochloride No ABB. 

DIsopyramide phosphate No SRL. 

Lovastatin No MRK. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



6-13 



Section 6 



Table 19— Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 



Medicinal chemicals 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list In table 20) 



Miscellaneous medicinal chemicals— Continued 
Cardiovascular agents— Continued 
Other cardiovascular agents— Continued 

Procainamide hydrochloride No 

Propranolol hydrochloride No 

Simvastatin No 

Tocainide No 

Diagnostic agents: No 

Roentgenographic contrast media: No 

Diatrizoate, sodium No 

lohexol No 

lothalamate, meglumine No 

Other diagnostic agents: No 

Albumin No 

Aminohippuric acid No 

Edrophonium chloride No 

Glutamyl-p-nitroaniline (liver function test) No 

Metyrapone No 

Xylose (intestinal malabsorption test) No 

All other diagnostic agents, other than 

roentgenographic contrast media No 

Hematological agents: No 

Anticoagulants: No 

Ammonium heparin No 

Benzalkonium heparin No 

Lithium heparin No 

Potassium warfarin No 

Sodium heparin No 

Warfarin No 

Other hematological agents: No 

Cellulose, oxidized No 

Dextran No 

Unclassified medicinal chemicals: No 

Allopurinol No 

Carbldopa No 

Disulfuram No 

Etidronate, disodium No 

Levodopa No 

Nicotine polacrilex No 

Thuringiensin No 

All other medicinal chemicals No 



PD, WYK. 
WYK. 
MRK. 
MRK, SDW. 



SDW. 

SD. 

MAL. 

SPR. 
WYK. 
MRX. 
REG. 
CGY. 
PFN. 



PFZ. 



SPR. 

RIK. 

SPR. 

n- 

SPR. 

SDW. 

EKT. 
PHR. 

BUR. 
MRK. 
ABB. 
NOR. 
SRL. 
WYK. 
ABB. 
ABB, BIB, (2). 



' Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported In this section are Indicated by 'Yes,' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'No.' 
2 The manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



6-14 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 20 

Medicinal chemicals: 



Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1988 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



ABB Abbott Laboratories 

ACY American Cyanamid Co. 

ADC Anderson Development Co. 

AJY AJay Chemicals, Inc. 

AMD Cycio Products, Inc. 

ANG Angus Chemical Co. 

ARN Arenoi Chemical Corp. 

ARP Armour Pharmaceutical Co. 

ARS Arsynco, Inc. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BEE Beecham, inc. : 

Beecham Laboratories Div. 

BEW Beecham Western Hemisphere Inc. 

BIB Beckman Instruments, Inc., Splnco Div. 

BKC J. T. Bal<er Chemical Co. 

BGC Biocraft Laboratories, Inc. 

BGT The Boots Company 

BRS Bristol-Myers Co. 

BUR Burroughs Wellcome Co. 

CGY Ciba-Geigy Corp. 

CHO Ducon 

CHT Chattem, Inc. 

CPR Certified Processing Corp. 

DAN Dan River, Inc., Chemical Products Div. 

DGW Dov\/ Chemical Co. 

DPW Deepwater, Inc. 

DUP E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co. , Inc. 

Medical Products Dept. 

EK Eastman Kodak Co. : 

EKT Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 

FLM Fleming Laboratories, Inc. 

GAF GAF Corp. , Chemical Group 

GAN Gane's Chemicals, Inc. 

GNF General Foods Manufacturing Corp. , 

Maxv\/eli House Div. 

HEX Hexagon Laboratories, Inc. 

HFT Syntex Agribusiness, Inc., Nutrition & 

Chemical Div. 

HOF Hoffmann-LaRoche, Inc. 

HXL Hexcel Corp. , Hexcel Chemical 

Products 

IMC Pitman-Moore, Inc., 

KAN Kanasco, LTD 

KLM Kalama Chemical, Inc. 

KPT Beazer Materials & Services, Inc. 

LEM Napp Chemicals, Inc. 



LIL Ell Lilly & Co., U.S. and Puerto Rico 

LLI Lee Laboratories, Inc. 

MAL Mallinckrodt, inc. 

MHI Morton-Thlokol, Inc. , Ventron Div. 

MON Monsanto Co. 

MRK Merck & Co., Inc. 

MRX Johnson Matthey, Inc. 

NEP Nepera inc. 

NOR Norwich Eaton Pharmaceutical, inc. 

NUT Nutrius, Inc. 

OH Anaquest 

ORG Organlcs/LaGrange, inc. 

ORT Roehr Chemicals, inc. , Div. of Aceto 

Corp. 

PD Parke-Davis Div. of Warner-Lambert 

Co. 

PEN Penick Corp. 

PFN Pfanstlehl Laboratories, Inc. 

PFZ Pfizer, Inc. & Pfizer Pharmaceuticals, 

Inc. 

PHR Pharmachem Corp. 

REG Regis Chemical Co. 

RIK Rlker Laboratories, Inc. Sub of 3M Co. 

RIL Rellly Industries, inc. 

RSA R.S.A. Corp. 

SAL Salsbury Laboratories, Inc. 

SCH The Schering Corp. 

SD ....... Sterling Drug, Inc. : 

SD Sterling Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 

SDW Sterling Organics Div. 

SK SmithKline Chemicals 

SPR Scientific Protein Laboratories 

SRL G.D. Searle & Co. 

TMH Harcros Chemicals, Inc. 

TNA Ethyl Corp. 

TRD Squibb Manufacturing, Inc. 

TX Texaco Inc. , Texaco Chemical Co. 

UCC Union Carbide Corp. 

UPJ Upjohn Co. 

VTM Vitamins, Inc. 

WTL Pennvi/alt Corp. , Lucidol Div. 

WYK Wyckoff Chemical Co. , inc. 

WYT Wyeth Laboratories, Inc., Wyeth 

Laboratories Div. of American Home 

Products Corp. 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed In app. A. 
Source: Complied from data received In response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



6-15 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Section 7 
Flavor and Perfume Materials 

Flavor and perfume materials are organic 
chemicals used to impart flavors and aromas to 
foods, beverages, cosmetics, and soaps. These 
aroma chemicals are also utilized to neutralize or 
mask unpleasant odors in industrial processes and 
products, as well as in consumer products. 

Total domestic production of flavor and 
perfume materials in 1988 amounted to 162.1 
million pounds (see figure 8). Sales of these 
materials in 1988 amounted to 95.0 million 
pounds, valued at $866.1 million, compared with 
81.5 million pounds, valued at $726.3 million, in 
1987. U.S. production of flavor and perfume 
materials in 1988 increased by 28.5 percent from 
the level in 1987 while the value of sales increased 
by 19.3 percent. 

Production of cyclic flavor and perfume 
materials in 1988 amounted to 78.4 million 



pounds; sales amounted to 57.1 million pounds, 
valued at $704.3 million. Individual publishable 
chemicals in the cyclic group produced in the 
greatest volume in 1988 were anethole (3.0 
million pounds), and eugenol (410 thousand 
pounds) . 

U.S. output of acyclic flavor and perfume 
materials in 1988 amounted to 83.7 million 
pounds; sales of these materials amounted to 37.9 
million pounds, valued at $161.7 million. 
Individual publishable acyclic flavor and perfume 
chemicals produced in the greatest volume in 
1988 were citronellol (2.1 million pounds) and 
tetrahydrogeraniol (1.1 million pounds). 

Table 22 lists the products reported in this 
section and indicates the manufacturer (s) of each 
by code. These codes are identified by company 
name in table 23. 

Eric Land 
202-252-1349 



Figure 8 

Flavor and perfume materials: U.S. production, 1984-88 



Millions 
of pounds 



200- 



180 
160- 
140 -J 
120- 
100- 

80-; 

60- 

40 4 

20 



1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 

Source: Compiled from data received In response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



7-1 



Section 7 

Table 21 

Flavor and perfume materials: U.S. production and sales, 1988 



Flavor and perfume materials 



Quantity 



Value 



Average 

Unit 

value'' 



1.000 
pounds 

Grand total 

Cyclic 

Total 

Benzenold and Naphthalenoid 

Total 

4-Allyl-2-methoxyphenol (Eugenol) 410 

Benzyl propionate 23 

Phenethyl Isobutyrate 18 

2-Phenethyl phenylacetate 36 

p-Propenylanlsole (Anethole) 3,035 

All other benzenold and naphthalenoid materials 57,574 

Terpenoid, Meterocycllc, and Allcycllc 

Total 17,282 

Cedryl acetate 1 77 

lonones 1 33 

Methylionones 1 ,254 

a-Terplneol 2,703 

Vetlvenyi acetate {^) 

All other terpenoid, heterocyclic, 2uid allcycllc 

materials 13,015 

Acyclic 

Total 83,708 

CItronellyl acetate 90 

Citronellyl formate 29 

3 , 7-Dlmethyl-cls-2 , 6-octadlenol , acetate 

(Neryl acetate) 22 

3,7-Dimethyloctanol-1 (Tetrahydrogeranlol) 1 ,138 

3,7-Dimethyl-6-octen-1-ol (Citronellol) 2,077 

Ethyl hexanoate 31 

Geranyl acetate 208 

7-Hydroxy-3,7-dlmethyl-1-octanal 

(Hydroxycltronellal) 138 

Isopentyl butyrate 100 

Isopentyl Isovalerate 30 

1 ,3-Nonanedlol acetate 35 

All other acyclic materials 79,810 



1.000 
pounds 



9,620 



1,000 
dollars 



162,086 


94,980 


866,095 


78,378 


57,060 


704.353 


61,096 


43,343 


640,188 



52,161 



Per 
pound 

$9.12 



14.77 



195 


613 


3.18 


(*) 


(=) 


n 


9 


56 


6.24 


18 


125 


6.79 


2,970 


10,948 


3.69 


40,151 


628,446 


15.65 



110 


645 


5.85 


130 


1,448 


11.12 


811 


7,242 


8.93 


3,034 


2,050 


.68 


12 


619 


50.93 



5.42 



37,920 


161,742 


4.27 


58 


283 


4.92 


17 


150 


8.85 


21 


130 


6.21 


195 


663 


3.41 


1,792 


6,798 


3.79 


21 


107 


5.08 


154 


789 


5.12 


(') 


n 


n 


87 


121 


1.39 


{') 


P) 


{') 


n 


n 


P) 


35,575 


152,701 


4.29 



' Calculated from unrounded figures. 

2 Reported data are accepted In confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 

Source: Compiled from data received In response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



7-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 22 

Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 



Flavor and perfume materials 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list In table 23) 



Cyclic 

Benzenoid and naphthalenoid: 

Acetaldehyde ethyl phenethyi acetai No 

Acetaidehyde phenethyi propyl acetai No 

2'-Acetonaphthone O-Methyl naphthyi ketone) No 

1-Acetoxy-2-sec-butyi-1-ethenyicyciohexane No 

p-Aiiylanisoie No 

4-Aiiyl-1 ,2-dimethoxy benzene (4-Allyiveratroie) No 

4-Ailyl-2-methoxyphenol (Eugenol) Yes 

4-Ailyi-2-methoxyphenoi acetate (Eugenol acetate) ... No 

Amyl cinnamic aldehyde dimethyl acetai No 

Amyi cinnamyi acetate No 

o-Anisaldehyde (o-Methoxybenzaidehyde) No 

p-Anisaidehyde No 

Anisyi acetate No 

Aurantlol No 

Benzaidehyde glyceryl acetai No 

Benzophenone No 

Benzyl acetate No 

Benzyl benzoate No 

Benzyl butyrate No 

Benzyl cinnamate No 

Benzyl formate No 

Benzyl isobutyrate No 

Benzyl Isopentyl ether No 

Benzyl isovalerate No 

1-(Benzyloxy)-2-methoxy-4-propenylbenzene 

(Benzyl isoeugenyl ether) No 

Benzyl phenylacetate No 

Benzyl propionate Yes 

Benzyl salicylate No 

p-tert-Butyi-a-methylhydrocinnamaiehyde No 

N-(3-(p-tert-butylphenyi)-2-methyipropyiidene)- 

anthrantiic acid, methyl ester No 

Carvacrol No 

Cineoie (eucaiyptoi) No 

Cinnamaidehyde No 

Cinnamic aldehyde dimethyl acetai No 

Cinnamyi acetate No 

Cinnamyi alcohol No 

Cinnamyi butyrate No 

Cinnamyi cinnamate No 

Cinnamyi nitriie No 

Cinnamyi propionate No 

Coumarin No 

Cuminyl acetate No 

Cuminyl alcohol No 

Cuminyl formate No 

trans-Decahydro-p-naphthyi acetate No 

2-4-Dibromo-6-nitro-m-cresyi methyl ether No 

Dihydrocoumarin No 

1 ,2-Dimethoxy-4-propenyibenzene 

(4- Propenylveratroie) No 

p,4,Dimethyl-3-cyclohexene-1-propanal No 

7,4-Dimethyi-3-cyclohexene-1-propanoi No 

3,7-Dimethyl-1 ,6-octadlen-3-yi formate No 

3 , 7-Dimethyi-2 , 6-octadienyl phenylacetate 

(Geranyl phenylacetate) No 

OK,Q!-Dlmethylphenethyi acetate No 



IFF. 

IFF. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

SCM, (2), (2). 

CI. 

BDS, CI, ELN, FB, GIV, UNG. 

GIV. 

FB. 

IFF. 

FB. 

FB, GIV. 

ELN, GIV. 

BDS, FB. 

GIV. 

CWN, PD. 

FB. 

KLM, IVIRF. 

ELN, FB. 

FB. 

FB. 

ELN. 

GIV. 

ELN, FB. 

GIV. 

ELN, GIV. 

ELN, FB, IFF. 

FB. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

SCM. 

FB. 

CI. 

ELN, FB. 

FB. 

FB. 

FB. 

IFF. 

ELN. 

RDA. 

IFF. 

GIV. 

IFF. 

IFF. 

GIV. 

ARS. 

CI, FB. 
CI. 
CI. 
GIV. 

GIV. 
IFF. 



I 



See footnotes at end of table. 



7-3 



Section 7 



Table 22— Continued 



Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1988 



Flavor and perfume materials 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 23) 



Cyclic— Continued 

Benzenoid and naphthalenoid— Continued 

Dimethyl phenylethyl carbinyl acetate No 

N- (p-Ethoxycarbonylphenyl ) -N ' -ethyl-N ' - 

phenylformamldlne No 

Ethyl anthranilate No 

Ethyl benzoate No 

Ethyl cinnamate No 

Ethyl-a,p-epoxy-p-methylhydrocinnamate No 

2-Ethylhexyl-p-methoxy cinnamate No 

2-Ethylhexyl salicylate No 

Ethyl phenylacetate No 

Ethyl salicylate No 

Geranyl benzoate No 

Hellotropyl acetate No 

Heiiotropyl acetone No 

Hexahydro-5-methoxy-4,7-methano-1H-indene No 

cis-3-Hexenyl salicylate No 

a-Hexylcinnamaldehyde No 

Hydratropaldehyde No 

Hydratropaldehyde, dimethyl acetal No 

Hydrocinnamic acid No 

Hydrocoumarin No 

Hydroxycitronellal methyl anthranilate No 

4-Hydroxy-3-ethoxybenzaldehyde {Ethylvanillin) No 

4-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde (Vanillin) No 

4- (4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl) -2-butanone 

(Vanillyacetone) No 

p-Hydroxy phenylbutanone No 

Isoamyl phenylacetate No 

Isobutyl phenylacetate No 

Isobutylquinoline No 

Isobutyl salicylate ' No 

Isohexenyl tetrahydrobenzaldehyde (Myrac aldehyde) . . No 

Isopentyl benzoate No 

Isopentyl salicylate No 

l-Limonene No 

Linalyl anthranilate No 

Linalyl benzoate [ NO 

p-Mentha-1 ,8-diene (Limonene) No 

Menthyl anthranilate No 

o-Methoxy benzaldehyde No 

p-Methoxybenzyl alcohol (Anisyl alcohol) No 

2-Methoxynaphthalene No 

1-p-Methoxyphenyl penten-1-one-3 (a-Methyl- 

anisalacetone) . . .- No 

3-(2-Methoxyphenyl)-2-propenal No 

2-Methoxy-4-propenylphenol (Isoeugenol) No 

2-Methoxy-4-propenylphenol, acetate No 

2-Methoxy-4-propylphenol No 

4'-Methylacetophenone " no 

p-Methylanisole [[ [ No 

Methyl anthranilate [\[[ No 

3-IVIethylbenzene propanal No 

Methyl benzoate ][[[ No 

a-Methylbenzyl acetate (Styralyl acetate) No 

a-Methylcinnamaldehyde No 

Methyl cinnamate No 

1,2-Methylenedloxy-4-propylene benzene (Isosafrole) .. No 

See footnotes at end of table. 



IFF. 

GIV. 

FB, GIV. 

ELN. 

ELN. 

ELN. 

GIV. 

FB, FEL. 

ELN. 

FB. 

GIV. 

IFF. 

AMB. 

CI. 

BDS, IFF. 

CI. 

IFF. 

FB, GIV, IFF. 

ELN. 

ELN, GIV. 

GIV, IFF. 

RDA. 

RDA. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

ELN, FB. 

ELN, FB. 

IFF. 

FB. 

IFF. 

GIV. 

FB. 

SCM. 

BDS. 

GIV. 

IFF. 

FB. 

CI. 

ELN, FB, GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

CI. 

CI. 

ELN. 

CI. 

CWN. 

GIV. 

PSG. 

CI. 

KLM, MRF. 

IFF. 

FB, IFF. 

FB. 

AMB. 



7-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 22— Continued 

Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported. Identified by 
manufacturer, 1988 



Flavor and perfume materials 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 23) 



Cyclic— Continued 



Benzenold and naphthalenoid— Continued 

p-IVIethylhydratropaldehyde No 

1-Methyl-lsohexyl-hexahydro benzaldehyde No 

IVIethyl-N-methylanthranilate No 

a-Methyl-3,4-methylene dioxyhydroclnnamaldehyde . . No 

Methyl phenylacetate No 

3-IVIethyl-5-phenyl-1-pentanol No 

IVIethyl salicylate No 

Octahydro-5-methoxy-4,7-methano-1H-indene, 

2-carboxaldehyde No 

a-Pentyicinnamaidehyde No 

Phenethyi acetate No 

Phenethyi alcohol No 

Phenethyi formate No 

Phenethyi isobutyrate Yes 

Phenethyi isovalerate No 

2-Phenethyi phenylacetate Yes 

Phenethyi propionate No 

Phenethyi salicylate No 

2-Phenoxyethyi isobutyrate No 

Phenoxyethyi propionate No 

Phenylacetaidehyde No 

Phenylacetaidehyde, dimethyl acetal No 

Phenylacetic acid No 

Phenyiacetic acid isopentyi ester No 

a-Phenyianisoie No 

4-Phenyi-3-buten-2-one No 

Phenylethyl benzoate No 

3-Phenyi-1-propanoi (Hydroclnnamic alcohol) No 

3-Phenyipropyl acetate No 

3-Phenyipropyi cinnamate No 

Piperonai (Heliotropin) No 

p-Propenyianlsoie (Anethoie) Yes 

p-Propyianisoi (Dihydroanethoie) No 

Synthetic sweeteners: 

Cyciohexanesulfamic acid (Cyciamic acid) No 

Cyciohexanesulfamic acid, sodium salt (Sodium 

cyclamate) No 

Saccharin (1 ,2-Benzisothiazolin-3-one,-1 , 

1 -dioxide) No 

Saccharin, sodium salt No 

Ail other synthetic sweetener material No 

Tetramethyi octahydro acetophenpne No 

Tetramethyi octahydro acetyl naphthalene No 

p-Toiualdehyde No 

p-Toiyiacetaldehyde No 

p-Toiyiacetate No 

p-Toiyllsobutyrate No 

p-Toiyloctanoate No 

p-Tolyiphenyiacetate No 

a- (Trichloromethyl) benzyl acetate (Rosetone) No 

Trimethyi benzyl dioxane No 

Trimethyicyciohexyi salicylate No 

Vanillin propylene glycol acetal No 

All other benzenold or naphthalenoid chemicals No 

Terpenoid, heterocyclic, and alicyciic: 

Acetyi-n-butyryi (2,3-Hexanedione) No 

Acetyl cedrene (Vertoflex) No 

Acetyl isovaleryi (5-IVIethyi-2,3-hexanedione) No 



GiV. 

GIV. 

AiVIB. 

GiV. 

ELN, GIV. 

IFF. 

KLIVI, IVION. 

CI. 

CI, FB. 

BDS, FB, IFF. 

FB, IFF. 

ELN, IFF. 

ELN, FB, GIV, IFF. 

ELN, FB. 

BDS, ELN, FB, GiV, IFF. 

ELN, IFF. 

GiV. 

FB, IFF. 

FB. 

CI, GiV. 

CI, ELN, GiV. 

GiV. 

GiV. 

GiV. 

FB. 

IFF. 

FB. 

ELN, FB, GiV. 

FB. 

AIVIB. 

ARZ, FB, HPC, NCI, SCiVI. 

GiV. 

ABB. 

ABB. 

PSG. 

PSG. 

NSW. 

IFF. 

IFF. 

GiV. 

GiV. 

ELN. 

IFF. 

IFF. 

GiV. 

ARS. 

IFF. 

ARS. 

FB. 

FB, IFF, TIVIH. 

FB. 

BDS. 

FB. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



7-5 



Section 7 

Table 22— Continued 

Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 



Flavor and perfume materials 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Cyclic— Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



Terpenoid, heterocyclic, and allcycllc— Continued 

N-Acetyl methyl anthranllate No 

Acetyl proplonyl (2,3-Pentanedlone) No 

Allo-ocimene No 

Allyl cyclohexyl propionate No 

Amyl cyclohexyl acetate No 

Amyris acetate No 

Beta methyl lonone coeur No 

2-tert-Butyl cyclohexanol No 

2-sec-Butyloyclohexanone No 

o-tert-Butylcyclohexyl acetate No 

p-tert-Butylcyclohexyl acetate (Verbenlax) No 

Canrenoate, potassium salt No 

l-Carvone No 

P-Caryophyllene No 

a-Cedrene epoxide (Andrane) No 

Cedrenol No 

Cedrol No 

Cedryl acetate Yes 

Cedryl formate No 

Cyclohexyl salicylate No 

Cyclopentanone No 

Dihydronordlcyclopentadlenyl acetate (Cyclacet) No 

Dihydronordlcyclopentadienyl propionate 

(Cyciaprop) (Verdyl propionate extra) No 

Dihydro terpineol No 

2, 6-Dimethylheptan-2-ol No 

Ethyl furcate No 

4-Ethyl guaiacol No 

Galaxollde (1,3,4,6,7, 8-Hexahydro-4 ,6,6,7,8,8- 

hexamethyl-cyclopenta-2-benzopyran) No 

Gualacwood acetate No 

Gualene No 

2-Heptylcyclopentanone No 

Hexadecanollde No 

3-Hydroxy-2-ethyl-4-pyrone (Ethylmaltol) No 

4- (4-Hydroxy-4-methyl pentyl) -3-cyclohexene- 

1 0-carboxaldehyde (Lyral) No 

3-Hydroxy-2-methyl-4-pyrone (Maltol) No 

4-Hydroxynonanic acid, 7-lactone ("y-Nonalactone) ... No 
4-Hydroxyundecanoic acid, "y-lactone 

(7-Undecalactone) No 

lonone(a- and p-) No 

a-lonone No 

P-lonone No 

Isobornyl acetate No 

Isobornyl methyl ether No 

isobornyl propionate No 

Isojasmone No 

Isolongifolene epoxide No 

Isomenthone No 

2-lsopropylcyclohexanol No 

6-isopropyldecalone No 

Isopulegyl acetate No 

p-Mentha-1 ,3-diene (a-Terpinene) No 

p-Mentha-1 ,4-diene (7-Terpinene) No 

p-Mentha-6,8-dien-a-ol (Carved) No 

p-Mentha-6,8-dien-a-one (Carvone, Carvol) No 



AMB. 




FB. 




SCM, (2), 


{')■ 


GIV. 




IFF. 




GIV. 




IFF. 




IFF. 




GIV. 




CI, IFF. 




IFF. 




IFF. 




SCM. 




BDS, FB, 


GIV. 


BDS, IFF. 




ELN, IFF. 




ELN. 




BDS, ELN 


, IFF, 


IFF. 




FB. 




FB. 




BDS, CI. 




BDS, CI. 




IFF, NCI, 


SCM, 


GIV. 




IFF, SCM. 




STG. 




IFF. 




ELN, FB. 




FB. 




IFF. 




IFF. 




PFZ. 




IFF. 




PFZ. 




ELN. 




ELN. 




GIV, NCI. 




BDS, GIV 


, IFF. 


BDS, IFF. 




SCM. 




SCM. 




ELN. 




FB. 




GiV. 




GIV. 




GIV. 




GIV. 




GIV. 




SCM. 




SCM. 




FB. 




FB. 





See footnotes at end of table. 



7-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 22— Continued 

Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 



Flavor and perfume materials 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 23) 



Cyclic— Continued 

Terpenoid, heterocyclic, and allcycllc— Continued 

1-p-Mentha-6,8-dien-2-yl acetate (Carvyl acetate) ... No 

p-Menth-8-en-3-ol (Isopulegol) No 

p-Menth-1-en-3-one (Piperltone) No 

p-iVlenth-4-(8)-en-3-one (Pulegone) No 

1_1_p_Menthen-6-yl-1-propanone No 

d,i-IVIenthoi, synthetic No 

l-iVlenthol, synthetic No 

IVIenthyl acetate No 

l-Menthyl acetate No 

a-IVIethylcyclohexanemethanol No 

Methylionone(Q!- and ^-) No 

7-Methyllonone No 

S-iVlethyl-a-lonone No 

Nopol No 

Nopyl acetate No 

para-Cymene No 

1-Phenysal-1 ,2-propanldione No 

Plinyi acetate No 

Propyl furyiacrylate No 

Rose oxide No 

Of-Santaiyi acetate No 

Terpinene-ol No 

Q!-Terpineol Yes 

a-Terpinyi acetate No 

a-Terpinyl propionate No 

3,3,5-Trimethyl cyclohexanol (m-Homomenthol) No 

Trimethyl cyclohexenyl butenone No 

1 - (2 ,6 , 6-Trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1 -yl) -1 , 

6-heptadien-3-one (Allyl-a-lonone) No 

Trimethyl norbornane methanol No 

Q!,a,5-Trlmethyi-5-vinyl-furfuryi alcohol and 

tetrahydro-2,2,6-trimethyl-6-vinyi-3-cl No 

5-(2 , 2 , 3-Trimethyicyciopent-3-en-1 -yl) -3- 

methyipentan-2-ol No 

Vetivenoi No 

Vetivenyi acetate Yes 

Ail other terpenoid, hetercycllc, or allcycllc flavor 

and perfume chemicals No 

Acyclic: 

Aiiyi disulfide No 

Aliyl heptanoate No 

Aiiyi hexanoate No 

Ammonium isovaierate No 

Butanoic acid, 1 -cyciohexylethyl ester No 

Butyl butyrate No 

Butyl butyri lactate No 

Butyl undecyienate No 

Butyraidehyde diethyl acetal No 

CItral dimethyl acetai No 

CitroneliyI acetate Yes 

CitroneiiyI formate Yes 

CitroneliyI Isobutyrate No 

CitroneiiyI propionate No 

Crude acetate mixture (LinaiyI, neryl, geranyy 

acetates main components) No 



FB. 

GIV. 

GiV. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV, HAR, IFF, SCiVi. 

HAR. 

GIV. 

SCM. 

CI. 

BDS, GIV, IFF. 

GIV, IFF. 

BDS, FB, GIV. 

IFF, NCI. 

IFF. 

SCIVI. 

STQ. 

SCM. 

AMB. 

FB. 

GIV. 

SCM. 

HPC, IFF, SCM. 

IFF, SCM. 

ELN. 

ARS. 

IFF. 

IFF. 
IFF. 

GIV. 

GiV. 
GiV. 
BDS, ELN, GiV. 

CI, GPI, IFF, SCM, STG. 



IFF. 

ELN, 

ELN, 

RSA. 

Ci. 

AMB. 

ELN, 

FB. 

FB. 

IFF. 

BDS, 

BDS, 

ELN, 

IFF. 

P). 



FB. 



ELN, FB, GIV, IFF, SCM. 
ELN, GIV, IFF. 
GIV, IFF. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



7-7 



Section 7 

Table 22— Continued 

Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported Identified bv 
manufacturer, 1988 ' 



Flavor and perfume materials 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Acyclic— Continued 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



Decanai (Capraidehyde) No 

Decyi acetate Mo 

Diethyl sebacate No 

Diethyl succinate . . . . No 

Dihexyi fumarate No 

Dihydrocarvone No 

Dihydroiinalooi No 

Dihydromyrcenoi No 

Dihydro pentamethyi indanone No 

Dihydroterpinyl acetate ' No 

1 , 1 -Dimethoxy octane No 

4-(1 ,1-Dlmethylethyi)cyciohexanoi No 

2,6 Dlmethyl-5-hepten-1-al No 

Dimethyl hexanedioi '[[ No 

2,5-Dimethyl-3-hexyne-2,5-dioi No 

3 , 7-Dimethy i-trans-2 , 6-octadienal 

(Citral A, Geraniai) No 

3, 7-Dimethyi-2, 6-octadienal (Citrai a & b) No 

3,7-Dimethyi-2,6-octadienenitriie ..', No 

3,7-Dimethyi-2,6-octadlene oxlme [ No 

3,7-Dimethyi-cis-2,6-octadien-1-oi (Neroi) No 

3,7-Dimethyi-trans-2,6-octadien-1-oi (Geranlol) No 

3,7-Dimethyi-1 ,6-octadien-3-ol (Linaiooi) 

(Linaiyi alcohol) No 

3,7-Dimethyl-cis-2,6-octadienoi, acetate 

(Neryi acetate) Yes 

3,7-Dimethyi-1 ,6-octadien-3-ol, acetate 

(Linaiyi acetate No 

3,7-Dimethyi-1 ,6-octadlen-3-yl Isobutyrate 

(Linaiyi isobutyrate) No 

3,7-Dimethyl-1 ,6-octadlen-3-yl propionate 

(Linaiyi propionate) No 

Dimethyioctanal No 

3,7-Dimethyioctanoi-1 (Tetrahydrogeranioi) ......... Yes 

3,7-Dimethyi-3-octanol " ' no 

Dimethyloctanyi acetate No 

3,7-Dimethyi-6-octen-1-al (Citroneiiai) ...........'.." No 

3,7-Dimethyl-6-octenenitriie No 

3,7-Dimethyi-6-octene oxime No 

3,7-Dimethyi-6-octen-1-oi (Citroneiioi) Yes 

3,7-Dimethyl-7-octenol 70%, 6-octenol Isomer 30% No 

Dimethyl succinate l>jo 

Dodecane nitrile ' |sjq 

Ethyl butyrate No 

Ethyl caprate No 

Ethyl formate " ' Hjo 

Ethyl heptanoate No 

Ethyl hexanoate Yes 

Ethyl Isobutyrate No 

Ethyl isovalerate No 

Ethyl laurate No 

Ethyi-2-methyi butyrate No 

Ethyl-2 methyl pentanoate [[[ No 

Ethyl myristate [ 1^1^ 

Ethyl nonanoate No 

Ethyl octanoate No 

Ethyl propionate No 

Ethyl trimethyl cyciopentenyi buterol No 

Ethyl valerate 1^^ 

Geranyi acetate Yes 



CI. 

GiV. 

ELN. 

MRF. 

FB. 

SCIVI. 

SCM. 

SCIVI, (2), (2). 

IFF. 

IFF, NCI. 

IFF. 

CI. 

GIV. 

{'). 

BDS. 

NCI, SCM. 

CI. 

CI. 

ELN, FB, GiV, NCI, SCM. 

ELN, FEL, GIV, IFF, NCI, SCM. 

IFF, SCM. 

ELN, GiV, SCM. 

GiV, SCM. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

GiV, SCM. 
GIV, IFF, NCI, SCM. 
FB, SCM. 
GiV, IFF. 
GIV, SCM. 
CI. 
CI. 

ELN, FB, GIV, IFF, NCI, SCM. 
GiV. 
FB. 
IFF. 

FB, HPC, NW. 
FB. 
FB. 

ELN, FB, FEL. 
ELN, FB, NW. 
FB. 
ELN. 
ELN, FB. 
FB. 
HPC. 
ELN. 
FB. 
FB. 

FB, MRF, NW. 
IFF. 
ELN. 

BDS, CI, ELN, FB, FEL, GIV, IFF, 
NCI, SCM. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



7-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 22— Continued 

Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production and/or sales wore reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 



Flavor and perfume materials 



Separate 


Manufacturers' 


statistics^ 


(according to Us 


No 


BDS, ELN, GIV 


No 


FB. 


No 


IFF. 


No 


ELN, GIV. 


No 


IFF. 


No 


FB. 


No 


IFF. 


No 


FB. 


No 


FB. 


No 


FB. 


No 


CI. 


No 


FB, GIV. 


No 


FB. 


No 


BDS, GIV, IFF. 


No 


IFF. SCM. 


No 


IFF. 


No 


BDS. 


No 


FB. 


No 


FB. 


No 


FB. 


No 


SCM. 


No 


SCM. 


Yes 


GIV, IFF, SCM. 


No 


GIV. 


No 


FB. 


No 


FB. 


No 


FB. 


No 


FB. 


No 


FB, NW. 


No 


AMB. 


No 


FB. 


No 


ELN, FB. 


Yes 


FB, GIV, NW. 


No 


ELN, FB. 


Yes 


ELN, FB, HPC. 


No 


GIV, SCM. 


No 


IFF. 


No 


FB. 


No 


SCM. 


No 


{'). 


No 


CI. 


No 


CI. 


No 


SCM. 


No 


HPC. 


No 


FB. 


No 


SCM. 


No 


GIV. 


No 


GIV. 


No 


{')■ 


No 


FB. 


No 


CI, GIV. 


No 


IFF. 


No 


GIV. 


No 


CI. 


Yes 


ELN, GIV, SBC 


No 


GIV. 



Acyclic— Continued 

Geranyl butyrate 

Geranyl crotonate 

Geranyl ethyl ether 

Geranyl formate 

Geranyl Isobutyrate 

Geranyl isovalerate 

Geranyl nitrlle (Citralva) 

Geranyl propionate 

Geranyl tiglate 

Heptanollde 

N-Hexanal 

2-Hexenal 

2-Hexenol 

cls-3-Hexen-1-yl acetate 

cls-3-Hexenyl butyrate 

cis-3-Hexenyl methyl carbonate 

cis-3-Hexenyl tiglate 

Hexoxyaoetaldehyde dimethyl acetal 

Hexyl acetate 

Hexyl caproate 

Hexyl 2-methyibutyrate 

Hydroxycitroneiiol 

7-Hy droxy-3 , 7-dimethyl- 1 -octanal ( Hydroxy citroneiiai ) 
7-Hydroxy-3,7-dimethyl octanal, dimethyl acetal 

(Hydroxy citroneiiai, dimethyl acetal) 

Hydroxy-2-propanone (Acetol) 

isoamyl caproate 

isoamyi caprylate 

isoamyl propionate 

isobutyl acetate 

isobutyl-2-butenoate 

isobutyl butyrate 

isopentyl acetate (Isoamyi acetate) 

isopentyi butyrate 

isopentyl formate 

isopentyi isovalerate 

Lauraidehyde 

3-Methyi-2-butenyl acetate 

3-Methyl butyl butyrate 

2-Methyibutyi Isovalerate 

Methyl butynol 

2-Methyidecanai 

2-Methyiene undecanal 

Methyl hexyl ether 

Methyl isobutyrate 

Methyl isovalerate 

Methyi-2-methyl butyrate 

3-Methyl-2-[and 3]nonene nitrlle 

Methyiol methyl hexyl ketone 

Methyl pentynol 

Methyl propionate 

2-Methyiundecanal 

Myrcenyi acetate 

Myristaidehyde 

Nonanai 

1 ,3-Nonanediol acetate 

Nonanoi 



See footnotes at end of table. 



7-9 



Section 7 

Table 22— Continued 

Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 



Separate /Manufacturers' identification codes 

Fiavor and perfume materials statistics^ (according to iist in table 23) 



Acyclic— Continued 

Ocimene No IFF. 

Oclmenyl acetate No IFF. 

Octanal No CI. 

3-Octanone (Ethyl amyl ketone) No GIV. 

N-Octyl acetate No FB, SCM. 

Octyl formate No FB. 

Octyl Isobutyrate No FB. 

Octyl Isovalerate No GIV. 

Pseudo linalyl acetate (Neobergamate) No IFF. 

Rhodlnol No GIV, IFF. 

Tepyl acetate No ELN. 

Tetrahydro-alloclmeroi (50/50 mixture of tetrahydro- 

linalool and tetrahydro-myrcenol) No (=) . 

Tetrahydromyrcenol No SCM . 

Trimethyl-cyclododeca-trlenyl ethanone No IFF. 

3,5,5-Trlmethyl hexanal No IFF. 

Undecanal No CI, GIV. 

9-Undecenal No GIV. 

All other acyclic flavor and perfume materials No FB, IFF, SCM, SK, (^). 

" Chemicals for which seperate statisticsl are reported In this section are Indicated by 'Yes.' Chemicals for which 

data are accepted In confidence and may not be published are Indicated by 'No.' 

2 The manufacturer did not consent to his Identification with the dislgnated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received In response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



7-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 23 

Flavor and perfume materials: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 198S 



Code 



Name of company 



Name of company 



ABB Abbott Laboratories 

AMB American Bio-Synthetlcs Corp. 



ARS 
ARZ 



Arsynco, Inc. - 
Arizona Chemical Co. 



BDS Fragrance Resources, Inc. 



CI .. 
CWN 
ELN 



FIrmenlch, Inc. 

Upjohn Co., Fine Chemical 

Elan Chemical Co. 



FB Fritzsche Dodge & Olcott, Inc. 

FEL Felton international. Inc. 

GIV Givaudan Corp. 

GPI Grindsted Products, Inc. 

HAR Haarmann & Reimer Corp. 

HPC Hercules, inc. 

IFF International Flavors & Fragrances, Inc. 

KLiVI Kalama Chemical, Inc. 

MON Monsanto Co. 

MRF Morfiex Chemical Co. , inc. 



NCI 


Union Camp Corp. , Terpene and 




Aromatios Div. 


NSW . . . . 


Nutrasweet Co. 


NW 


Northwestern Chemical Co. 


PD 


Pari<e-Davis, Div. of Warner- 




Lambert Co. 


PFZ .... 


Pfizer, Inc. 


PSG .... 


PMC Specialities Group, inc. 


RDA .... 


Rhone-Pouienc, Inc. 


RSA .... 


RSA Corp. 


SBC . . . . 


Scher Chemicals, Inc. 


SCM . . . . 


SCM Glldco Organics 


SK 


Smithkllne Chemicals 


STG . . . . 


McCormick & Co., Inc. 




McCormick-Stange Flavor Div. 


TMH . . . . 


Harcros Chemicals, Inc. 


UNG . . . . 


Ungerer & Co. 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



7-11 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Section 8 



Plastic and Resin Materials 

Plastics and resin materials are high molecular 
weight polymers which, at some stage in their 
manufacture, exist in such physical condition that 
they can be shaped or otherwise processed by the 
application of heat and pressure. The terms 
"plastics," "resin," and "polymers," can be (and 
often are) used interchangeably by the trade. 
Depending on the chemical composition, 
manufacturing process, or intended use, the 
commercial products may contain plasticizers, 
fillers, extenders, stabilizers, coloring agents, or 
other additives. There are about 40 to 50 basic 
plastics and resins which are available 
commercially. These basic materials are available 
in literally thousands of individual compounds 
each with its distinct properties depending on the 
molecular weight of the resin and the types and 
amounts of the additives present. Plastics 
materials may be molded, cast, or extruded into 
semifinished or finished solid forms. Resin 
materials may be in the form of solutions, pastes, 
or emulsions for applications such as protective 
coatings, adhesives, or paper and textile 
treatment. 

Statistics on U.S. production and sales of 
synthetic plastics and resin materials for 1988 are 
given in table 24. U.S. production of plastics and 
resin materials in 1988 totaled 63,536 million 
pounds, or 6.8 percent more than the 59,481 
million pounds produced in 1987. From 
1984-88, the production of plastics and resin 
materials increased steadily from 48,255 million 
pounds in 1984 to 63,536 million pounds in 1988, 
or at an average, annual rate of growth of 7.1 
percent (see figure 9). Sales in 1988 totaled 
55,240 million pounds, valued at $33,831 million. 

Figure 9 

Plastics and resin materiais: U.S. production, 1984-88 



compared with 51,170 million pounds, valued at 
$26,068 million, in 1987. 

Thermosetting materials are those which 
harden with a change in composition in the final 
treatment so that in their final state as finished 
articles they are substantially infusible and 
insoluble; that is, they cannot again be softened 
by heat or solvents. U.S. production of 
thermosetting materials totaled 9,593 million 
pounds in 1988, compared with 8,923 million 
pounds in 1987. Production of the most 
important products in 1987 included phenolic 
(1,687 million pounds), amino (urea and 
melamine) resins (2,755 million pounds), 
polyester resins, unsaturated (1,477 million 
pounds), and alkyd resins (760 million pounds). 

Thermoplastic materials are those which in 
their final state as finished articles can be 
repeatedly softened by heat and hardened by a 
decrease in temperature. U.S. production of 
thermoplastic materials totaled 53,942 million 
pounds in 1988 (or 84.9 percent of the total 
plastics and resin materials output for 1988), 
compared with 50,558 million pounds in 1987. 
Production of the most important products in 
1988 included polyethylene (19,357 million 
pounds), polypropylene (7,257 million pounds), 
vinyl resins (10,357 million pounds), and styrene 
type materials (9,185 million pounds). In 1988, 
production of saturated polyester resins reached 
2,760 million pounds (polyethylene terephthalate 
alone reached 2,110 million pounds) . Production 
of engineering plastics, in the aggregate, 
amounted to 1,491 million pounds in 1988. 

Table 25 lists the products reported in this 
section and indicates the manufacturer (s) of each 
by code. These codes are identified by company 
name in table 26. 

Edward J. Taylor 
202-252-1362 



Billions 
of pounds 

300 



270 "K 

240 -fe 

210. 

180 -K 

150-% 

120 _si 

90 -j 

60 -ps 

30, 

0. 

Source: 



1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 

Compiled from data received In response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



Section 8 

Table 24 

Plastics and resin materials: U.S. Production and sales, 1988 



Plastics and resin materials 





Sales 




Average 
Unit 


Production 


Quantity 


Value 


value^ 


1,000 
pounds 
dry basis" 


1,000 
pounds 
dry basis" 


1,000 
dollars 


Per 
pound 



Grand total 

Thermosetting resins 

Total 

Ail<yd resins, total 

Phthaiic anhydride type 614,653 

Poiybasic acid type 32,652 

Styrenated-aii<yds or copoiymer aii<yds 18,971 

Vinyl toluene ail<yds 29,038 

Ail other aii<yd resins 64,902 

Dicyandiamide resins (an amino resin) 1 ,977 

Epoxy resins: 3 * 

Unmodified 567,178 

Advanced (376,328) 

Furfuryl type resins 19.240 

Giyoxal-formaidehyde resins 15,431 

Meiamine-formaldehyde resins (an amino resin) 252,628 

Phenolic and other tar acid resins 1 ,687,318 

Polyester resins, unsaturated^ 1 ,477,027 

Poly ether and polyester poiyois for urethanes^ 1 ,872,193 

Poiyurethane elastomers and plastics products, 

total 273,029 

Elastomers^ 112,774 

Plastics 160,255 

Urea-formaidehyde resins (an amino resin)^ 2,501 ,953 

All other thermosetting resins^ 165,210 

Thermoplastic resins 

Total 53,942,740 

Acrylic resins, total'" 1 ,649,859 

Homopolymer resins, except PIVIMA, of acrylic or 

methacryllc acid esters 43,953 

Polymethyi methacrylate (PMiVIA) resins 651 ,522 

Thermosetting acrylic resins 119,695 

All other acrylic resins 834,689 

Engineering plastics" 1 ,491 ,228 

Petroleum hydrocarbons resins 384,036 

Poiyamide resins, total 655,642 

Nylon type'" '^ 581 ,061 

Non-nylon type 74,581 

Polyester resins, saturated, totai'° '^ 2,759,815 

Polyethylene terephthaiate (PET) 2,110,103 

All other saturated polyesters, including Poiy- 

butylene terephthaiate, (PBT) resins 649,712 



63,536,140 


55,240,240 


33,831,291 




9,593,400 


7,909,139 


4,079,722 


760,216 


505,123 


297,306 



$0.61 



.52 



.59 



441,584 


246,197 


.56 


16,263 


12,674 


.78 


8,630 


7,284 


.84 


25,992 


19,206 


.74 


12,654 


11,945 


.94 


2,314 


2,670 


1.15 


419,461 


434,777 


1.02 


(270,669) 


(364,612) 


(1.35) 


19,171 


12,916 


.67 


11,360 


12,683 


1.12 


214,052 


192,428 


.90 


1,163,568 


673,490 


.58 


1,408,600 


841,736 


.60 


1,627,468 


893,624 


.55 


204,072 


324,168 


1.59 


101,662 


201,222 


1.98 


102,410 


122,946 


1.20 


2,193,507 


249,767 


.11 


140,443 


144,157 


1.03 



47,331,101 29,751,569 .63 



1,289,360 



34,479 
400,871 

43,034 
810,976 

1,219,247 
346,896 

582,935 



537,068 
45,867 



1,913,285 



1,379,788 
533,497 



1,501,833 1.16 



39,679 
419,327 

48,949 
993,878 

2,285,564 
161,470 



802,367 
37,912 



1,716,202 



1,025,663 
690,539 



1.15 
1.05 
1.14 
1.23 

1.87 
.47 



840,279 1.44 



1.49 
.83 

.90 

.74 

1.29 



See footnotes at end of table. 



8-2 



Table 24 

Plastics and resin materials: U.S. Production and sales, 1388 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Plastics and resin materials 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Average 

Unit 

value'' 



Per 
pound 



18,282,719 8,905,951 $0.49 



7,623,580 
1,389,776 
8,681,505 

5,896,665 
49,965 
24,604 

286,419 



1,860,178 

43,538 

4,761,269 

554,640 

1,962,063 

2,244,566 

754,217 

534,398 

219,819 

388,878 

9,349,567 



3,818,093 

642,951 

4,084,366 

2,819,374 
41,007 
141,645 

157,050 



1,000 1.000 1.000 

pounds pounds dollars 

dry basls^ dry basls^ 

Thermoplastics resins— Continued 

Polyethylene resins, total 19,357,246 

Ethylene-vlnyl acetate and other copolymer 

resins 662,919 587,858 360,541 

Specific gravity 0.940 and below, total'* 9,779,232 9,013,356 4,461 ,044 

Low density polyethylene (LDPE) resins 8,197,576 

Linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) resins 1 ,581 ,656 

Specific gravity over 0.940 8,915,095 

Polypropylene resins 7,256,768 

Polyterpene resins 56,427 

Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) resins 18,095 

Rosin modifications, total 325,092 

Modified rosin (unesterlfled) 167,196 135,166 49,517 

Modified rosin esters 118,612 112,554 83,822 

Rosin esters, unmodified (Ester gums) 39,284 38,699 23,71 1 

Styrene plastics materials, total 9,184,926 7,808,080 6,083,103 

Aorylonitrlle-butadlene-styrene terpoiymer (ABS) resins . 1,929,284 
Methyl methacryiate-butadlene-styrene (MBS) resins 

and certain other styrene type plastics materials 52,299 

Polystyrene homopolymers, total 5,797,121 

Expandable polystyrene beads 551 , 1 50 

Rubber modified polystyrene 2,057,410 

Straight polystyrene 3,188,561 

Sytrene latexes, total 780,527 

Styrene-butadiene latexes 561 , 1 35 

All other styrene latexes 219,392 

Ail other styrene plastics materials'^ 625,695 

Vinyl resins, total'^ 10,357,030 

Polyvinyl acetate'^ 675,099 650,203 355,506 

Polyvinyl chloride and copolymers 8,588,205 7,798,405 3,224,604 

Poiyvinyiidene chloride resins, latex type 24,998 20,698 18,695 

Vinyl acetate-acryiate copolymers 521 ,443 497,294 214,296 

All other vinyl and vinylidene resins'^ 547,285 382,967 71 1 ,813 

All other thermoplastic resins'^ 446,576 281,359 573,177 



1,713,025 

55,739 

2,882,349 

370,750 

1,214,680 

1,296,919 

477,322 

337,567 

139,755 

954,668 

4,524,914 



.61 
.49 

.50 
.46 
.47 

.48 

.82 

5.76 

.55 

.37 
.74 
.61 



.92 

1.28 
.61 
.67 
.62 
.58 
.63 
.63 
.64 

2.45 

.48 

.55 
.41 
.90 
.43 
1.86 
2.04 



' Calculated from unrounded figures. 

2 Dry weight basis unless otherwise specified. Dry weight basis is the total weight of the materials including resin and 
coloring agents, extenders, fillers, piasticizers, and other additives, but excluding water and other liquid diluents 
unless they are an integral part of the materials. 

3 includes reactive diluents which are an integral part of the resin. Excludes the weight of hardeners sold in 
association with the resin as part of a two-component system. 

* Data shown for advanced epoxy resins are that part of the unmodified epoxy resins which Is further processed; 

therefore, the total In parentheses are not included in the grand total. 

^ Polyester resins are unsaturated alkyd resins, later to be copolymerized with a monomer (Such as styrene or 

methyl methacryiate) , and polyaliyi resins (such as dialiyi phthalate and diglycoi carbonate). Data are on an "as 

sold" basis, including monomer if part of the resin system. 

^ In addition to the polyols, the other principal starting materials used in the production of urethane products are the 

isocyanic acid derivatives, mainly the 80/20 mixture of toluene-2,4- and 2,6-diisocyanate. 

Statistics for the isocyanic acid derivatives are reported in the "Cyclic Intermediates" section of the Synthetic 

Organic Chemicals report. 



i-3 



Section 8 

Footnotes for table 24— Continued 

^ The data on urethane elastomers are believed to be not fuliy representative of the total urethane market in vievi^ of 

the very large number of urethane elastomer producers. The commission has begun reporting statistics for urethane 

elastomers in two sections, section VIII, plastics and resin materials, and section X, elastomers (synthetic rubber). 

Henceforth those poly urethane products classified as "thermoplastic" urethane elastomers w/ill be reported In SOC 

section X; all other urethane elastomers vj\\\ remain in SOC section Viil. 

^ Includes thiourea resins. 

^ Includes acetone-formaldehyde resins, polybutadiene resins, silicone resins, and certain other thermosetting resins. 

'° Does not include production or sales for fiber use. 

" Engineering plastics: Includes acetal, polycarbonate, polyimide and amide-lmide polymers, polyphenylene oxide, 

polyphenylene sulfide and polysulfone. Engineering plastics are defined in Whittington's Dictionary of Plastics, as "All 

plastics, with or without fillers or reinforcements, which have mechanical, chemical and thermal properties suitable 

for use in construction, machine components and chemical processing equipment." The above list of plastics (ail of 

which are thermoplastic) was selected from a larger group in this source. Certain other plastics named in 

Whittington's Dictionary as engineering plastics, such as ABS resins, acrylic resins, and nylon resins, are not included 

In the above list as they are published separately. 

'= Statistics for nylon 6 and nylon 6/6 which are used in plastics applications (e.g., molding, etc.) are included here. 

'3 Statistics are included here for polyethylene terephthalate used In plastics applications (e.g., molding, etc.) 

Statistics also are Included here for production only when the starting materials are converted directly to a finished 

product(i.e., "in situ" production); polyester film and tape are examples of such a conversion. 

'" Data shown for LLDPE resins are incomplete because several of the leading producers of LLDPE still continue to 

aggregate these data with that of LDPE. 

'= Includes data for a-methyl styrene polymers, styrene acrylonitrile (SAN) copolymer resins, styrene-allyl alcohol 

copolymer resins, styrene-divlnylbenzene copolymer resins, styrene-maleic anhydride copolymers resins and 

styrene-methyl methacrylate copolymers resins, and other styrene resins. 

'6 Data are on the basis of dry resin content, excluding the weight of plasticlzers, extenders, fillers coloring agents, 

stabilizers, or impact modifiers, unless otherwise noted. 

'^ Data for polyvinyl acetate produced and sold in latex form Includes the weight of any protective colloids which are 

used as emulsion stabilizers and form an integral part of the resin system. Production and sales do not Include 

polyvinyl acetate used as a reactive intermediate for polyvinyl alcohol or other vinyl resins. 

'* Includes polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl butyral, polyvinyl formal, polyvinylidene chloride (solid type), and other vinyl 

resins. 

'^ Includes cellulose plastics, coumarone-lndene resins, fluorocarbon resins, (except PTFE), phenoxy resins, 

polybutylene type resins, polyphenyl aromatic ester resins, and certain other thermoplastic materials. 

Note.— Data reported to the U.S. International Trade Commission do not necessarily coincide with that reported to 
the Society of the Plastics Industry (SPI) because of differences In both the reporting Instrucions and In the coverage 
of certain resins. 

Source: Compiled from data received In response to questionnaires of the U.S International Trade Commission. 



3-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 25 

Plastics and resin materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, 
Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Plastics and resin materials 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 26) 



Thermosetting resins: 

Acetone-formaldehyde resins No 

Alkyd resins: Yes 

Acrylate-allcyd copolymer resins No 

AII<oyl phenol No 

Phthallc anhydride type alkyd resins Yes 



Poiybasic acid type alkyd resins Yes 

Styrenated-aikyds, or copolymer alkyds Yes 

Vinyl toluene aikyds Yes 

Ail other aikyd copolymers No 

Amino resins: 

Melamlne-formaidehyde resins Yes 

Thiourea resins No 

Urea-formaidehyde resins Yes 

DIcyandiamide resins Yes 

Epoxy resins: 

Epoxy, resins advanced Yes 



Epoxy, resins unmodified Yes 

Furfuryi type resins Yes 

Giyoxai-formaldehyde resins Yes 

Phenolic and other tar acid resins Yes 



Polybutadiene resins No 

Polyester resins, unsaturated, and allyl resins: Yes 

AiiyI resins No 

DiaiiyI isophthalate No 

Polyester resins, unsaturated No 



ACY, FJi, FLH, GP. 

CPV, DRR, FJI, FRE, GLD, JOB, MNP, 
OBC, PPG, REL, SW. 

AGO, ACY, ASH, BAL, BLC, BRU, CCC, 
CGL, CJO, CPV, DRC, DSO, DUP, EW, 
FCC, FRE, GGI, GLD, GRG, GRV, 
HAN, HiL, ICF, JOB, JSC, LIC, MCC, 
MNP, NCP, NTL, OBC, PER, PPG, PRT, 
QCP, RCI, REL, REZ, SRY, SW, TNA, 
UNO, P), n, P). 

ACY, CJO, CPV, DSO, FOC, GGI, GLD, 
HAN, iCF, iOV, JOB, MCC, NTL, OBC, 
PPG, RCi, REL, SON, SW. 

BLC, CJO, CPV, DSO, EW, FRE, GGI, 
GLD, MNP, MRT, NTL, OBC, REL, 
RUO, SW. 

BLC, CGL, CJO, CPV, FJI, FRE, GGi, 
GLD, JOB, MCC, MNP, PRT, SW. 

CGL, CJO, MCC, MNP, OBC, REL, SW, 

n, n. 

AUX, BOR, CBD, CGL, CPV, DGO, GRG, 
HCL, JSC, MNP, MON, OCF, PLS, 
PMC, PPG, PPL, PST, RCi, REL, REZ, 
SQA, UTC, WRD. 

CMP. 

ACR, ACY, AiP, AUX, BOR, CBD, CGL, 
CMP, CPV, DAN, DSO, GP, GRV, JSC, 
MMM, PMC, PST, REL, REZ, SAC, 
SOR, SQA, WPG. 

CMP, ECC, HCL, JSC, S, SQA, UTC. 

ASL, CGL, CGY, CJO, CNi, CPV, DOW, 
DSO, DUP, EW, GE, GLD, GRG, GRV, 
HAN, HXL, ICF, MCC, MID, MNP, MRT, 
OCF, PPG, QUN, RCI, REZ, SON, SMO, 
WLN. 

AGi, ASH, CGY, CLU, DOW, JOB, PRT, 
RCI, REZ, SHC, UCC, {^) 

ACR, CLU, DRR, HVG, UNO, WRD. 

AiP, AUX, CMP, HCL, RBi, RTC, SQA. 

ACR, ACY, ADC, ASH, BME, BOR, BSC, 
BTL, BUC, CBD, CLU, CPV, DRR, 
DSO, EW, GE, GGi, GP, HCL, HER, 
HKD, HPC, HVG, ICF, IRI, KPT, Lii, 
MCA, MiD, MMM, NCi, NTC, NTL, 
OBC, OCF, PLS, PPL, PSG, RCI, SPL, 
SW, UCC, UNO, USR, VSV, WCA, 
WRD, (2), (2), (2) 

CCS, CNi, CRS, LC, PSL, SCN. 

CMC, FMC, MCC. 

CMC, FMC. 

ACR, ACY, ADC, APH, ART, ASH, CGL, 
CPV, DSO, EW, FJi, FRE, GLD, GRG, 
ICF, ICi, IPC, KPT, Lii, MCC, MRT, 
NCP, OCF, PPG, PPL, RCi, SHX, SiC, 
SLC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



8-5 



Section 8 



Table 25— Continued 



Plastics and resin materials for wliicli U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, 
identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Plastics and resin materials 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list In table 26) 



Thermosetting resins— Continued 
Polyether and polyester polyols for urethanes 



Polyurethane elastomer and plastic products: 
Polyurethane elastomers Yes 

Polyurethane resins Yes 

Silicone resins No 

All other thermosetting resins Yes 

Thermoplastic resins: 

Acrylic resins: Yes 

Copolymer resins of acrylic and/or methacrylic acid 

resins: 

Butyl acrylate ethyl acrylate copolymer resins No 

Butyl methacrylate-ethyl methylacrylate copolymer 

resins No 

2-Ethylhexyl acrylate-methy acrylate copolymer 

resins No 

Lauryl methacrylate-stearyl methacrylate 

copolymer resins No 

Other copolymer resins of acrylic and/or 

methacrylic acid esters No 



Homopolymer resins of acrylic and/or methacrylic 
acid resins: 
Other homopolymer resins of acrylic and/or 

methacrylic acid esters Yes 

Polymethyl methacrylate (PIVIMA) Yes 

Thermosetting acrylate resins Yes 

Cellulose plastics and resins: 

Cellulose acetate No 

Cellulose acetate butyrate No 

Cellulose acetate propionate No 

Ethyl cellulose No 

Cellulose plastics, all other No 

Coumarone-indene resins No 

Engineering plastics: Yes 

Acetal resins No 

Polycarbonate resins No 

Polylmides and amide-imide polymers No 

Polyphenylene oxide type resins No 

Polyphenylene sulfide resins No 

Fluorocarbon resins: 

Ethylene/chlorotrifluoro ethylene copolymer (Halar) ... No 

Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) Yes 

Polyvinylidene fluoride resin No 

All other fluorocarbon resins No 

Petroleum hydrocarbon resins No 



ARK, BAS, BMC, BPT, CHC, CXI, DOW, 
DSO, FRE, GRG, JOB, MCC, MOB, 
MRT, NTL, OCF, OMC, PPG, RCI, 
RUO, UCC, WM. 

ACY, ADC, ARO, BAS, BPT, CAS, CGY, 
CNI, DCC, DNS, EPI, GLC, GRD, HXL, 
HYA, INP, MRT, PLN, PPG, PRC, RUO, 
SBG, SLC, SMO, USM, USR. 

ARO, CGL, DSO, DUP, EW, FRE, GGI, 
GLD, HYC, INP, LC, MCC, MID, MOB, 
OMC, PEL, RBI, SCN, SHX, SIF, SW. 

CJO, DCC, MCC, PEL, SPD. 



AiP, BFG, DSO, ICI, RH, UOC. 

UOC. 

AIP, RH, UOC. 

ICI. 

ACO, AIP, BPT, CHP, CPV, DRB, DRC, 
DSO, FLH, GAF, GGI(E), GLD, ICF, 
ICI, JNS, JSC, KMP, MCC, MON, NSC, 
PPG, PRA, PYI, REL, RH, SW, SYT, 
UCC, (2). 



CPV, DUP, GRV, ICF, PYI, RH, SAR, SW, 

UOC. 
ACY, ART, CTP, CYR, DUP, ICF, JOB, 

JSC, MRT, PKL, RH, SAR, SQA. 
CPV, DRC, DSO, DUP, GRV, HAN, ICF, 

MID, PPG, PRA, REZ, SM. 

EKT. 
EKT. 
EKT. 

EKT. 
CPV. 

DUP, HCL, MCC, PRT, RAS. 

DOW, GE, GEP, MOB, SQA. 

DUP, EW, GE, GEP, GRG, PDI, TNA. 

GE, GEP, JOB. 

PLC. 

AUS. 

AUS, DUP, ICI. 
PAS. 

AUS, DUP. 

CFX, CXI, EKX, ENJ, GYR, HPC, ICF, Lll, 
NEV, RCI, {") 



See footnotes at end of table. 



8-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 25— Continued 

Plastics and resin materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, 

Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Plastics and resin materials 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 26) 



Thermoplastic resins— Continued 

Phenoxy (R) resin (other than for coating and 

adhesives) No 

Plastics alloys or blends No 

Polyamide resins : Yes 

Non-nylon type, polyamide resins Yes 

Nylon type .polyamide resins Yes 

Polybutylene type resins No 

Polyester resins, saturated: Yes 

Polybutylene terephthalate(PBT) No 

Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) Yes 

All other polyester resins, saturated Yes 

Polyethylene and copolymers resins: 

Ethylene-acrylic acid resins (EAA) No 

Ethylene-vlnyl acetate (EVA) copolymer resins Yes 

Other ethylene copolymer resins No 

Specific gravity 0.940 and below (conventional low 

density) Yes 

Specific gravity 0.940 and below (linear low density) . . . Yes 

Specific gravity over 0.940 Yes 

Polyphenyl aromatic ester resins No 

Polypropylene polymer and copolymer resins Yes 

Polyterpene resins Yes 

Rosin modifications: Yes 

Modified rosin (unesterified) Yes 

Modified rosin esters Yes 

Rosin esters, unmodified (Ester gums) Yes 

Styrene type plastics materials: 
Acrylonitrile-butadlene-styrene (ABS) terpoiymer 
resins and certain other styrene type plastics 

materials Yes 

Methyl methacrylate-butadlene styrene (MBS) resins 

and certain other styrene type plastic materials Yes 

Styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer resins (SAN) No 

Polystyrene: 

Expandable polystyrene beads Yes 

Rubber modified polystyrene Yes 

Straight polystyrene Yes 

Styrene latexes: 

Styrene-butadiene latexes Yes 

All other styrene latexes Yes 

Other styrene copolymers: 

a-Methyl styrene polymers No 

Styrene-aliyi alcohol copolymer resins No 

Styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer resins No 

Styrene-maleic anhydride copolymer resins No 

Styrene-methyl methacrylate copolymer resins No 

All other styrene copolymers No 



NEV, UCC. 
MOB. 

COO, EFH, GP, HCL, HYA, Lll, NCI, 

PAC, S, SHX, SQA, USM. 
ACS, AGI, BCM, CTR, DGO, DUP, GRG, 

HCL, MON, RSN, USM. 
ENJ, SHC. 

AGI, GE, GEP, HCL, ICF, MOB, USM, 
ACS, DUP, EK, EKT, FBI, GEP, GGI, 

GYR, HCL, iCI, MOB, USM. 
COO, CPV, DUP, EKT, GLD, GRG, GYR, 

ICF, ICI, MNP, PPG, REL, SW. 

DOW. 

COO, ENJ, NSC, USI. 

EKT, EKX, ENJ, EVL, RH, SQA. 

ACS, DOW, DUP, EKX, ELP, ENJ, SM, 

SOC, SQA, UCC, USi, (2) 
ENJ, SM, USI. 
ACS, AMO, ONE, DOW, DUP, ENJ, HIM, 

PLC, SLT, SOC, UCC, USI. 
HPC 
AMo", ART, CSD, EKX, ELP, ENJ, HIM, 

PLC, SHC, SLT, USI. 
ARZ, HPC, RCI, REL, SON. 

ARZ, CJO, HPC, NCI, SYL, WVA. 

EW, FRP, GP, GRV, HCL, HPC, ICF, Lll, 

MCC, NCI, RCI, SYL, WVA. 
ARZ, CPV, FJi, FRP, HPC, NCI, PRT, 

RCI, SYL. 



DOW, GEP, GRD, MCB, MON. 

FER, GYR, ICI, MRT, RH. 
BFG, GE, ICI, MCB, MON. 

ATR, BAS, DPI, HMN. 

API, CSD, DOW, DPI, HMN, PLR, SM. 

AEP, AMO, API, ATR, CSD, DOW, DPI, 

GAF, HGC, HMN, HPC, KTP, PLR, SM, 

SOC. 

DOW, GRD, GYR, PYI, UOC. 
ADC, CCS, CRS, FRS, GNT, GRD, MCC, 
SPO, UCC, UOC. 

AlP, AMO, CPV. 

CYR, HPC, MON. 

DOW, RH. 

ATR, MON. 

ADC, DSO, GGI(E), ROD. 

AlP, ARZ, CPV, DSO, DUP, EW, FLH, 

GEP, HPC, JSC, MON, OBC, PLC, 

RCD. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



5-7 



Section 8 



Table 25— Continued 



Plastics and resin materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, 
Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Plastics and resin materials 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 26) 



Thermoplastic resins— Continued 

Vinyl resins: 

Poiyvlnyi acetate resins Yes 

Poiyvinyi alcohol resins No 

Poiyvlnyi butyral resins No 

Poiyvinyi formal resin No 

Vinyl acetate-acryiate copolymers Yes 

Poiyvinyi chloride and copolymer resins; Yes 

Poiyvinyi chloride homopoiymer resins No 

Vinyl chloride-acetate copolymer resins No 

Ail other poiyvlnyi chloride copolymer resins No 

Poiyvinylldine chloride resins: 

Latex type polyvinyiidene chloride resins Yes 

Solid type polyvinyiidene chloride resins No 

All other vinyl resins Yes 

All other thermoplastic resins Yes 



AiP, CGL, DAN, DSO, FLH, FLN, GLD, 
QRD, JOB, JSC, MNP, MON, NSC, 
PRA, PYI, RCi, SCO, SQA, UCC, UOC, 
(') 

AiP, DUP, SAC. 

MON, SAC. 

EW, ORG, MON. 

ACO, AIP, DAN, DSO, FLH, FLN, GLD, 
KMP, MCC, NCJ, NTC, OBC, PRA, 
RH, SPC, SQA, UCC, UOC. 

AIP, BFG, BPC, CNT, FOR, GGC, GYR, 

HKP, KYS, SHT, UCC, VST, VYN. 
KYS, MCC. 
BFG, HKP, VYN. 

BFG, DOW, GRD, UOC. 

DOW. 

DUP, FLH, GLD, NCJ, NTC, RH, UCC, (2) 

DUP, ENJ, Lii, MCC, MON, UOC, WLN, 



' Chemicals for which seperate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'Yes.' Chemicals for which 

data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are Indicated by 'No.' 

2 The manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the dislgnated products. 

Source: Complied from data received in response to questionaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



8-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, li 



Table 26 

Plastics and resin materials: Directory of manufacturers, aiphiabeticai by coae, 1988 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



ACO Adco Chemical Co. 

ACR Acme Resin Corp. 

ACS Allied Corp. , Allied Signal Corp. 

Engineered IVlaterials Sector. 

High Density Polyethylene Business 

ACY American Cyanamid Co. 

ADC Anderson Development Co. 

AEP A & E Plastics Corp. 

AGI EMS-Amerlcan Grilon, Inc. 

AlP Air Products & Chemicals, Inc. 

AMD Amoco Corp. 

APH Alpha Corporation of Tennessee 

API American Polymers, Inc. 

ARK Armstrong World Industries, Inc. 

ARO Arnco 

ART Aristech Chemical Corp. , Chemical Div. 

ARZ Arizona Chemical Co. 

ASH Ashland Oil, Inc. 

ASL SpecialtyChem Products Corp. 

ATR Atlantic Richfield Co., Arco Chemical 

Co. 

AUS Ausimont N.V. 

AUX Auralux Corp. 

BAL Sherwin-Williams Co., Consumers Div. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BCM Belding Chemical Industries 

BCP BCP, Inc. 

BFG B. F. Goodrich Co., B.F. Goodrich 

Chemical Group 

BLC Ranbar Technology, Inc. Ball 

Chemical Co. 

BMC Brin-IVIont Chemicals, Inc. 

BME Allied Bendix Corp. , Friction IVlaterials 

Div. 

BOR Borden, Inc., Borden Chemical Div. 

BPC Borden Plastics & Chemicals 

BPT Permuthane Inc. 

BRU M. A. Bruder & Sons, Inc. 

BSC Cascade Resins, Inc. 

BTL BTL Specialty Resin Corp. 

BUC Synalloy Corp., Blacl<man Uhler 

Chemical Div. 

CAS CasChem, Inc. 

CBD Chembond Corp. 

CCC C.N.C. International Inc. 

CCS Colorado Chemical Specialties, Inc. 

CFX Chemfax, Inc. 

CGL Cargill, Inc. 

CGY Ciba-Geigy Corp. 

CHC Carpenter Chemical Co. 

CHP C. H. Patrick & Co., Inc. 

CJO C. J. Osborn, Div. of Suvar Corp. 

CLU CL Industries, Inc. 

CMC Cosmic Plastics, Inc. 

CMP Commercial Products Co. , Inc. 

CNE Cain Chemical, Inc. 



CNI Conap, Inc. 

CNT Certainteed Corp. 

COO H.B. Fuller Co. 

CPV Cook Paint & Varnish Co. 

CRS Colorado Resins, Inc. 

CSD Fina Oil & Chemical Co. , Cosden 

Chemical Div. 

CTP Continential Polymers, Inc. 

CTR Custom Resins Div. of Bemis Co., Inc. 

CXI Chemical Exchange Industries, Inc. 

CYR CYRO Industries 

DAN Dan River, Inc. , Chemical Products Div. 

DCC Dow Corning Corp. 

DGO Day-Glo Color Corp. 

DNS Dennis Chemical Co. 

DOW Dow Chemical Co. 

DPI Dart Polymers, Inc. Sub of Dart 

Container Corp. 

DRB The Derby Co. , Inc. 

DRC Dock Resins Corp. 

DRR Delta Resins & Refractories 

DSO DeSoto, Inc. 

DUP E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. 

AF/FP Dept. 

Chemicals and Pigments Dept. 

ED/IMG Dept. 

Mt. Clements 

Petrochemicals Dept. 

Polymer Products Dept. 

ECC Eastern Color & Chemical Co. 

EFH E. F. Houghton & Co. 

EK Eastman Kodak Co. : 

EKT Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 

EKX Texas Eastman Co. Div. 

ELP Rexene Products Company 

ENJ Exxon Chemical Americas 

EPI Ohio Rubber Co. , Orthane Div. 

EVL EVAL Company of America 

EW Westinghouse Electric Corp., Insulating 

Materials Div. 

FBI Fibers Industries, Inc. 

FER Ferro Corp. , Keil Chemical Div. 

FJI Cincinnati Varnish Co. 

FLH H. B. Fuller Co. 

FLN Franklin International 

FMC FMC Corp. 

FOC Handschy Industries, Inc., Farac 

Varnishes & Chemicals 

FOR Formosa Plastics Corp. - U.S.A. 

FRE Freeman Chemical Corp. 

FRP FRP Co. 

FRS Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., Firestone 

Synthetic Rubber & Latex Co. Div. 

GAF GAF Corp. , Chemical Group 

GE General Electric Co. : 

GEP Plastics Div. 



8-9 



Section 8 

Table 26— Continued 

Plastics and resin materials; Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1988 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



GGC Georgia-Gulf Corp. : 

PVC Compound Div. 

Plaquemine Div. 

GGI Grow Group, Inc. 

GLC General Latex & Chemical Corp. 

GLD Glidden Co. 

GNT Gencorp Polymers Products 

GP Georgia-Pacific Corp. : 

Resins Operations 
GRD W. R. Grace & Co. , Organic Chemicals 

Div., Polymers & Chemical Div. 

GRG P. D. George Co. 

GRV Guardsman Chemicals, Inc. 

GYR Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 

HAN Hanna Chemical Coatings Corp. 

HCL Hoechst Celanese Corp: 

Engineering Plastics Div. 

Sou-Tex Works 

HER Heresite Protective Coatings Inc. 

HGC Goodson Polymers, Inc. 

HIL Hilton Davis Company 

HIM Himont U.S.A., Inc. 

Occidental Chemical Corp.: 

HKD Durez Div. 

HKP PVC Div. 

HIVIN Huntsman Chemical Corp. 

HPC Hercules, Inc. 

HVG Ametek, Inc. , Haveg Div. 

HXL Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Chemical 

Products Dexter Corp: 
HYA Dexter Adheslves & Structual Materials 

Div. 

HYC Dexter Electronic Materials Div. 

ICF BASF Corp. , Inmont Div. 

ICI ICI Americas, Inc. 

Chemicals Div. 

Resins Div. 

INP Synair Corp. 

lOV lovite Inc. 

IPC Interplastic Corp. 

IRI Stuart-Ironsides, Inc. 

JNS S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. 

JOB Jones-Blair Co. 

JSC Sybron Chemicals, Inc. 

KMP Kelly-Moore Paint Co., Inc. 

KPT Beazer Materials & Services, Inc. 

KTP Kent Polymers, Inc. 

LC Lord Corp., Chemical Products Group 

Lie Lilly Industrial Coatings, Inc. 

Lll Lavi'ter International, Inc. 

MCA Masonite Corp., Alpine Resin Div. 

MCB Borg-Warner Corp., Borg Warner 

Chemicals 
MCC McCloskey Corp. : 

McCloskey Varnish Co. of California 

McCloskey Varnish Co. of Oregon 
MID Dexter Corp. , Midland Div. 



MIL Milliken & Co. , Milliken Chemical Co. 

MMM Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co. 

MNP Mcwhorther, Inc. 

MOB Mobay Chemical Corp. , Pittsburgh Div. 

MON Monsanto Co. 

MRT Morton-Thiokol, Inc. , Morton Chemical 

Co. Div. 

NCI Union Camp Corp. , Chemical Products 

Div. 

NCJ National Casein of New Jersey 

NCR Niles Chemical Paint Co. 

NEV Neville Chemical Co. 

NSC National Starch & Chemical Corp. 

NTC National Casein Co. 

NTL NL Industries, Inc. 

OBC O'Brien Corp. 

OCF Ovirens-Corning FIberglas Corp. 

OMC Olin Corp. 

PAC Pacific Anchor Chemical Corp. 

PAS Pennwalt Corp. 

PDI Phelps Dodge Industries, Inc. , Phelps 

Dodge Magnet Wire Co. Div. 

PEL Pelron Corp. 

PER Perry & Derrick Co. , Inc. 

PKL Plaskollte, Inc. 

PLC Phillips 66 Co. 

PLN Dlsogrln Industries Corp. 

PLR Polysar, Inc.: 

Plastic Div. 

PLS Plastics Engineering Co. 

PMC Plastics Manufacturing Co. 

PPG PPG Industries, Inc. 

PPL Sterling Engineered Products 

PRA Para-Chem Southern 

PRC Products Research & Chemical Corp. 

PRT Pratt & Lambert, Inc. , Paint Div. 

PSG PMC Speclalites Group 

PSL Plaslok Corp. 

PST Perstorp Compounds, Inc. 

PTC Poly cast Technology Corp. 

PYI Morton Thiokol, inc. Morton Chemical 

Div. 

QCP Quaker Chemical Corp. 

GUN K.J. Quinn & Co. , Inc. 

RAS Surface Coatings, inc. 

RBI Reeves Brothers, Inc. 

RCD Richardson Polymer Corp. 

RCI Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 

REL Reliance Universal, Inc., Louisville 

Resins Operations 

REZ Hi-Tek Polymers, Inc. 

RH Rohm & Haas Co. 

RSN Atochem, Inc., Polymers Div. 

RTC Mount Vernon Mills, Inc. 

RUO Ruco Polymer Corp. 

S Sandoz, Inc. , Colors & Chemicals Div. 



8-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 26— Continued 

Plastics and resin materials: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by cod« 



1988 



Code 



Name of company 



SAC Southeastern Adheslves Co. 

SAR Esschem Inc. 

SBG Samuel Bingham Co. 

SCN Schenectady Chemicals, Inc. 

SCO Scholler, Inc. 

SCP Henkel Corp. 

SHC Shell Oil Co. , Shell Chemical Co. 

SHT Shlntech, Inc. 

SHX Sherex Chemical Co. 

BP Chemicals, Inc: 

SIC Sllmar Dlv. 

SIR Filon Dlv. 

SLC Soluol Chem Co. , Inc. 

SLT Soltex Polymer Corp. 

SM Mobil Oil Corp.: 

Mobil Chemical Co.: 

Chemical Products Dlv. 

Petrochemicals Dlv. 

Polystyrene Business Group 

SMO Smooth-On, Inc. 

SOC Chevron Corp., Chevron Chemical Co. 

SOR MW Manufacturers, Inc. , Southern 

Resin Dlv. 

SPC Insiico Corp., Sinclair Paint Co. Dlv. 

SPD General Electric Co. , Silicone Products 

Dept. 
SPL Spaulding Composites Co., Inc. 



Code 



Name of company 



SPO Amerlpol Synpol Co. Div. of Unlroyal 

Goodrich Tire Co. 

SQA Sequa Chemicals, inc. 

SRY Synray Corp. 

SW Sherwin-Williams Co. 

SYL Arizona Chemical Co. 

SYT Synthron, inc. 



TNA 

TXS 

UCC 

UNO 

UOC 

USI . 

USM 



Ethyl Corp. 

Scott Polymers, inc. 

Union Carbide Corp. 

United-Erie, inc. 

Union Oil Co. of California 

Quantum Chemical Corp., USI Division 

Emhart Corp., Bostik U.S. Div. 



USR Unlroyal, Inc., Unlroyal Chemical Dlv. 

UTC Unitex Chemical Corp. 

VST Vista Chemical Co. 

VSV Valentine Sugars, Inc. , Vallte Div. 

VYN Vygen, Inc. 

WCA West Coast Adheslves Co. 

WLN Wilmington Chemical Corp. 

WM index Chemical Co. 

WPG West Polnt-Peppereii, Inc., Grifftex 

Chemical Co. Sub. 

WRD Weyerhaeuser Co. 

WVA Westvaco Corp. 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. international Trade Commission. 



8-11 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Section 9 
Rubber-Processing Chemicals 

Rubber-processing chemicals are organic 
compounds that are added to natural and 
synthetic rubber to give them qualities necessary 
for their conversion into finished rubber goods. 
In this report, statistics are given for cyclic and 
acyclic compounds by use— such as accelerators, 
antioxidants, and vulcanizing agents. Data on 
production and sales of rubber-processing 
chemicals in 1988 are given in table 27. Data on 
production of rubber-processing chemicals during 
1984-88 is given in figure 10. 

Production of rubber-processing chemicals as 
a group in 1988 amounted to 353 million pounds, 
or 8 percent less than the 382 million pounds 
produced in 1987. Sales of rubber-processing 
chemicals in 1988 amounted to 266 million 
pounds, valued at $424 million, compared with 
289 million pounds, valued at $359 million, in 
1987. 

Table 28 lists the products reported in this 
section and indicates the manufacturer (s) of each 
by code. These codes are identified by company 
name in table 29. 

The production of cyclic rubber-processing 
chemicals in 1988 amounted to 318 million 



pounds, or 10 percent less than the 354 million 
pounds produced in 1987. Sales of cyclic 
rubber-processing chemicals in 1988 totaled 236 
million pounds, valued at $397 million, compared 
with 263 million pounds, valued at $336 million, 
in 1987. Of the total production of cyclic 
rubber-processing chemicals in 1988, 
antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers 
accounted for 70 percent, and accelerators, 
activators, and vulcanizing agents for 26 percent. 
Production of antioxidants, antiozonants, and 
stabilizers, which amounted to 224 million pounds 
in 1988, included 134 million pounds of amino 
compounds and 90 million pounds of phenolic 
and phosphite compounds. Sales of amino 
antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers in 1988 
amounted to 104 million pounds, valued at $168 
million; sales of phenolic and phosphite 
compounds were 56 million pounds, valued at $87 
million. 

Production of acyclic rubber-processing 
chemicals in 1988 amounted to 34 million 
pounds, or 24 percent more than the 28 million 
pounds produced in 1987. Sales in 1988 totaled 
29 million pounds, valued at $27 million, 
compared with 26 million pounds, valued at $23 
million, in 1987. 

Cynthia Trainor 
202-252-1354 



Figure 10 

Rubber-processing chemicals: U.S. production, 1984-88 



Millions 
of pounds 

















■ 


















"' ',? 










«was 

MM 






























240- 
200- 
160 






























120 












80- 

40 






















oJ 













1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. international Trade Commission. 



9-1 



Section 9 

Table 27 

Rubber-processing chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1988 



Rubber-processing chemicals 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Average 

Unit 

value'' 



1.000 
pounds 

Grand Total 352,730 

Cyclic 

Total 318,482 

Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing 

agents, total 83.228 

Thiazole derivatives, total 78,507 

N-tert-Butyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 19,407 

2,2'-Dlthiobis[benzothiazole] 11,957 

All other thiazole derivatives 47,143 

All other accelerators, activators, and 

vulcanizing agents^ " 4,721 

Antioxidants, antlozonants, and stabilizers, total 223,662 

Amino compounds, total 133,681 

Substituted p-phenylenediamlnes 84,987 

All other amino compounds'* 48,694 

Phenolic and phosphite compounds, total' 89,981 

Polyphenolics 7,813 

Phenol, hindered («) 

Ail other phenolic and phosphite compounds 82,168 

All other cyclic rubber-processing chemicals^ 11 ,592 

Acyclic 

Total 34.248 

Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents 5,878 

All other acyclic rubber-processing chemicals^ 28,370 



1,000 

pounds 

265,669 



236,299 



64,662 



160,343 



29,370 



1.000 Per 

dollars pound 

423,913 $1.60 



397.388 



60.733 


91.743 


1.51 


24.158 


41.550 


1.72 


13.150 


13,681 


1.04 


23.425 


36,512 


1.56 



255,580 



26,525 



1.59 



104,164 


168,354 


1.62 


55,797 


103,551 


1.86 


48.367 


64,803 


1.34 


56.179 


87.226 


1.55 


6.904 


24.083 


3.49 


1.304 


2,654 


2.04 


47,971 


60,489 


1.18 


11,294 


34,618 


3.07 



4,726 


11,479 


2.43 


24,644 


15,046 


.61 



' Calculated from unrounded figures. 

2 Includes aldehyde-amine reaction products, dithiocarbamates, and other accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing 

agents. 

^ Data on dithiocarbamates Included in this table are for materials used chiefly In the processing of natural and 

synthetic rubber. Data on dithiocarbamates. which are used chiefly as fungicides, are included in the section on 

"Pesticides and Related Products." 

'' Includes aldehyde- and acetone-amine reaction products and other amines. 

5 Also includes other antioxidants, antlozonants, and stabilizers. 

^ Reported data were accepted in confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 

^ Includes blowing agents, peptizers, and other cyclic rubber-processing chemicals. 

^ Includes polymerization regulators, shortstops, and other acyclic rubber processing chemicals. 

Source; Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission, 



9-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 28 

Rubber-processing chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 
manufacturer, 1988 



Rubber-processing chemicals 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 29) 



Cyclic 



Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents: Yes 
Aldehyde-amine reaction products: 

Heptaldehyde-aniline condensate No 

Triethyltrimethylenetrlamine No 

All other aldehyde-amlne reaction products, cyclic . . No 
DIthiocarbamIc acid derivatives: 

Dlbenzyldithlocarbamlc acid, sodium salt No 

DIbenzyldithlocarbamIc acid, zinc salt No 

2,4-Dlnltrophenyl dimethyldlthiocarbamate No 

Thiazole derivatives: Yes 

N-tert-Butyl-2-benzothlazolesulfenamlde Yes 

N-Cyclohexyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide No 

2,2'-Dithiobls[benzothlazole] Yes 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole No 

2-MercaptobenzothlazoIe, copper salt No 

2-MercaptobenzothiazoIe, zinc salt No 

N-l\/lorpholinyl-2-benzothiazolyl disulfide No 

N-Oxydiethylene-2-benzothlazolesulfenamlde No 

N-Oxydiethylenethlocarbamyl-N ' -oxydlethylene- 

sulfenamide No 

All other thiazole derivatives, cyclic No 

All other cyclic accelerators, activators, and 

vulcanizing agents: Yes 

Bls(morphollnothiocarbamoyl) disulfide No 

DIbenzylamlne No 

1 ,3-Dihydro-4(or 5)-methyl-2H-benzimidazole-2- 

thlone No 

Dimethylammonlum hydrogen Isophthalate No 

Di-N,N'-pentamethylenethluram tetrasulfide No 

4,4'-Dithlodimorphollne No 

2-MercaptotoloIulmidazoIe, zinc salt No 

m-Phenylenebismalelmide No 

All other accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing 

agents, cyclic No 

Antioxidants, antlozonants, and stabilizers: Yes 

Amino antioxidants, antlozonants, and stabilizers: Yes 
Aldehyde- and acetone-amlne reaction products: 

Butyraldehyde-aniline condensate No 

Diphenylamine-acetone aldehyde No 

Diphenylamlne-acetone condensate No 

All other aldehyde and acetone-amine reaction 

products No 

Substituted p-phenylenedlamlnes: Yes 

Alkylaryl-p-phenylenediamlnes No 

N,N'-Bls(1 ,4-dimethylpentyl)-p- 

phenylenediamine No 

N , N ' -Bis ( 1 -ethyl-3-methylpentyl) -p- 

phenylenediamlne No 

N,N'-Bls(1-methylheptyl)-p-phenylenedlamine .... No 

N-Cyclohexyl-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamlne No 

Diarylenedlamines, mixed No 

N-( 1 , 3-Dlmethylbutyl) -N ' -phenyl-p- 

phenylenediamine No 

N,N'-Di-2-naphthyl-p-phenylenediamIne No 

N,N'-Diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine No 

N-lsopropyl-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenedlamine No 

N- ( 1 -Methylheptyl) -N ' -phenyl-p-phenylenediamine No 

N- { 1 -IVIethylpentyl) -N ' -phenyl-p-phenylenediamlne No 

All other p-phenylenediamines, substituted No 



USR. 
USR. 
DUP. 

USR. 
USR. 
USR. 

BI=G, IVION, USR. 
MON, USR. 
BFG, MON, USR. 
MON, USR. 
ACY. 

USR, VNC. 
GYR. 
BFG, USR. 

BFG. 



ACY. 
HXL. 

VNC. 

VNC. 

DUP, VNC. 

MON. 

VNC. 

DUP. 

DUP, USR. 



DUP. 
USR. 
BFG, USR. 

USR. 

MON. 

MON, UPM. 

UPM. 
UPM. 
USR. 
GYR. 

UPM, USR. 

BFG. 

BFG. 

USR. 

UPM. 

USR. 

KPI, USR. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



9-3 



Section 9 

Table 28— Continued 

Rubber-processing chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 
manufacturer, 1988 



Rubber-processing chemicals 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 29) 



Cyclic— Continued 



Antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers— Continued 
Amino antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers— Cont. 
Other amines; 

p-Aniiinophenol No 

1 ,2-Dihydro-2,2,4-trimethyiqulnoiine No 

Nonyidlphenylamine mixture (mono-, di-, and tri-) No 

Octyldiphenylamine No 

Octyldiphenyiamine, aii<yiated No 

p-(p-Toluenesulfonamido)diphenyiamlne No 

Phenolic and phosphite antioxidants and stabilizers: Yes 
Phosphites: 

Alkyiaryi phosphites mixed No 

Nonyiphenyi phosphites, mixed No 

Polymeric phosphites No 

Poiyphenoiic phosphites, poiyalkylated No 

Triaryi phosphites No 

Polyphenollcs (Including bisphenols): Yes 

BIsphenol, hindered No 

4,4'-Butyiidenebis(6-tert-butyl-m-cresol) No 

2,5-Di-sec-butyldecylhydroquinone No 

2,5-Di-(1,1-dimethylpropyi)hydroquinone No 

2,2'-IVlethyienebis(6-tert-butyl-p-cresoi) No 

2,2'-Methylenebis(6-tert-butyl-4-ethylphenol) No 

1 ,1 ,3-Trl(2-methyi-4-hydroxy-5-tert- 
butylphenyi) butane No 

All other phenolic antioxidants and stabilizers: 

Phenol, all<yiated No 

Phenol, hindered Yes 

Phenol, styrenated, mixtures No 

N-Stearoyl-p-amlnophenol No 

All other phenolic antioxidants No 

Blowing agents: 

p,p'-Oxybis(benzenesulfonhydrazide) No 

5-Phenyltetrazole No 

p-Toluenesulfonylhydrazlde No 

p-ToluenesuIfonyisemicarbazide No 

Ail other blowing agents, cyclic No 

Peptizers: 

2' ,2' ' '-Dlthlobis(benzaniiide) No 

All other cyclic rubber-processing chemicals: 

p-tert-Amylphenoi sulfide (Taci<ifier) No 

4-Chloro-2,6-bis(2,4-dihydroxybenzyi)phenol No 

N-(Cyciohexylthio)phthaiimide No 

Diphenyl-4,4'-diphenyimethylenedicarbamate No 

Ail other rubber-processing chemicals, cyclic No 



BFG. 

BFG, MON, USR. 

USR. 

BFG, USR. 

BFG. 

USR. 



FER, MCB. 
MCB, OMC, USR. 
MCB. 

BFG, MCB. 
MCB. 

USR. 

MON. 

USR. 

MON. 

ACY, FER. 

ACY. 

ICi. 

ACY, BFG, GYR, NEV. 

FER, GYR, OMC, RCI, USR. 

NEV, USR. 

HXL. 

USR. 

USR. 
OMC. 
USR. 
USR. 
OMC. 

ACY. 

PAS. 
ICI. 
MON. 
USR. 
ACY, FER. 



Acyclic 

Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents: Yes 
Dlthlocarbamio acid derivatives: 

Diaii<yldithiocarbamic acid derivative No VNC, VNC, (=) , {^) . 

Dibutyidithiooarbamic acid, nlci<el salt No DUP, USR, VNC. 

Dibutyidithiocarbamlo acid, sodium salt No DUP, USR, VNC. 

Dibutyidithiooarbamic acid, zinc salt No VNC. 

DIethyidithlocarbamlo acid, cadmium salt and 

bis(diethyithiocarbamoyi)disulflde, mixture No VNC. 

DIethyidithlocarbamlo acid, selenium salt No VNC. 

DIethyidithlocarbamlo acid, sodium salt No EK, VNC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



9-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 28— Continued 

Rubber-processing chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 

Separate Manufacturers' Identification codes 

Rubber-processing chemicals statistics^ (according to list In table 29) 

Acyclic— Continued 

Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents— Cont. 
Dithlocarbamic acid derivatives— Continued 

Diethyldltiilocarbamic add, tellurium salt No VNC. 

Diethyldltiniocarbamlc acid, zinc salt ^ No VNC, 

DImethyidltlilocarbamic acid, bismuth salt No VNC. 

Dimethyidithiocarbamic acid, copper salt No VNC. 

DImethyidithiocarbamic acid, lead salt No VNC. 

Dimethyidithiocarbamic acid, selenium salt No VNC. 

Dimethyidithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

and sodium poiysuifide No BFG. 

Dimethyidithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt No VNC. 

Ail other dithlocarbamic acid derivatives, acyclic No DUP, (^1. 

Thiurams: 

Bis(dlbutylthiocarbamoyl) disulfide No VNC. 

N,N'-Dioctadecyi-N,N'-diisopropyl thiuram disulfide . No USR. 
Xanthates and sulfides: 

Dl-n-butylxantho disulfide No USR. 

Zinc isopropyi xanthate No VNC. 

Ail other accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing 

agents, acyclic No DUP. 

Polymerization regulators: 

n-Decyl mercaptan No PLC. 

n-DodeoyI mercaptans No PAS, PLC. 

tert-Nonyi mercaptan No PAS, PLC. 

n-Octyi mercaptan No PLC. 

All other polymerization regulators, acyclic No PLC, USR. 

Shortstops: 

Dimethyidithiocarbamic acid, potassium salt No USR. 

Dimethyidithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt No ALC, USR, VCC. 

All other acyclic rubber-processing chemicals: 

Waxes and paraffinic products No DUP. 

Zinc laurate (Activator, physical property 

improver, and processing auxiliary) No USR. 

^ Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'Yes.' Chemicals for which 

data are accepted In confidence and may not be published are Indicated by 'No.' 

2 The manufacturer did not consent to his Identification with the designated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received In response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



9-5 



Section 9 



Table 29 

Rubber-processing chemicals: 



Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1988 



Code 



Name of company 



ACY American Cyanamld Co. 

ALC Aloe Chemical Corp. 

BFG B. F. Goodrich Co. , B.F. 

Goodrich Chemical Group 
DUP E. 1. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. 

Chemicals and Pigments Dept. 

Polymer Products Dept. 

EK Eastman Kodalc Co. 

FER Ferro Corp. , Ferro Chemical Div. 

GYR Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 

HXL Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Chemical 

Products 
Id ICI Americas, Inc. , Chemicals Dlv. 



Code 



Name of company 



KPI Kenrlch Petrochemicals, Inc. 

MCB Borg-Warner Corp. , Borg Warner 

Chemicals 

MON Monsanto Co. 

NEV Neville Chemical Co. 

OMC Olin Corp. 

PAS Pennwalt Corp. 

PLC Phillips 66 Co. 

RCI Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 

UPM UOP, Inc. 

USR Uniroyal, Inc., Uniroyal Chemical Dlv. 

VCC VInlngs Chemical Co. 

VNC Vanderbllt Chemical Corp. 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed In app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



9-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Section 10 
Elastomers 

Elastomers (synthetic rubber) are high 
polymeric materials with properties similar to 
those of natural rubber. The term "elastomers" 
as used in this report means substances, whether 
in bale, crumb, powder, latex, or other crude 
form, which can be vulcanized or similarly 
processed into a material that can be stretched to 
at least twice their original length; and, after 
having been so stretched and the stress removed, 
will return with force to approximately their 
original length. U.S. production and sales of 
elastomers in 1988 are shown in table 30. 

Table 31 lists the products reported in this 
section and indicates the manufacture (s) of each 
by code. These codes are identified by company 
names in table 32. 

Total U.S. production^ of synthetic rubber in 
1988 amounted to 4,907 million pounds, an 
increase of 4.6 percent from that produced in 
1987. The production of synthetic rubber 
increased irregularly from 4,609 million pounds in 
1984 to 4,907 million pounds in 1988, or by 6.4 
percent, (see figure 11). Total sales of 



' Until now urethane type elastomers have been included in 
the section VIII "Plastics and Resin Materials." The 
commission has now begun reporting statistics for urethane 
elastomers in two sections, section VIII, plastics and resin 
materials, and section X, elastomers (synthetic rubber). 
Henceforth those polyurethane products classified as 
"thermoplastic" urethane elastomers will be reported in 
SOC section X; all other urethane elastomers will remain 
in SOC section VIII. 



elastomers in 1988 amounted 3,234 million 
pounds, an increase of 4 percent from that sold in 
1987. 

Styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR-type rubber) 
in 1988 continued to be the elastomer produced 
in the greatest quantity as it has been for more 
than 35 years. U.S. production of SBR-type 
rubber, including 20 million pounds of its 
vinylpyridine sub-type, amounted to 1,919 million 
pounds in 1988. Polybutadiene rubber, mainly 
solution-polymerized type, was produced 
domestically in 1988 in the next largest 
amount— 765 million pounds. Other principal 
types of synthetic elastomers for which U.S. 
production data are reported separately are 
ethylene-propylene rubber, production of which 
was 512 million pounds in 1988; 
butadiene-acrylonitrile (nitrile or NBR-type) 
rubber, production of which was 178 million 
pounds; and thermoplastic elastomers (a family of 
products), production of which was 421 million 
pounds in 1988. 

Sales of SBR-type rubber, including 12 million 
pounds of its vinylpyridine sub-type, by U.S. 
producers in 1988 amounted to 1,025 million 
pounds. Sales of polybutadiene rubber amounted 
to 385 million pounds, and those of 
ethylene-propylene rubber to 454 million pounds. 
Sales of nitrile rubber amounted to 136 million 
pounds, silicone type elastomer sales amounted to 
146 million pounds, and sales of thermoplastic 
elastomers amounted to 358 million pounds in 
1988. 

Edward J. Taylor 
202-252-1362 



Figure 11 
Elastomers: 



U.S. production, 1984-88 



Billions 
of pounds 



A- 



3-; 



1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



10-1 



Section 10 

Table 30 

Elastomers (synthetic rubber):^ U.S. production and sales, 1988 



Grand total 

Butadlene-acrylonltrile type (nitrile) (NBR-type) . 

Ethylene-propylene type (EP-type) 

Polybutadlene type (BR-type) 

Silicone (Q) type elastomers 

Styrene-butadiene type (SBR-type)° 

Styrene-butadiene-vlnylpyridlne type 

Thermoplastic elastomers (such as styrene-block 
copolymers, thermoplastic olefin elastomers, 
thermoplastic poly-urethane elastomers, and 
co-polyesters) 

All other elastomers^ 





Sales 




Average 
Unit 


Production^ 


Quantity^ 


Value 


value^ 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


Per 


pounds 


pounds 


dollars 


pound 


4,906,572 


3,234,468 


2,982,130 


$0.92 


177,812 


135,952 


129,062 


.95 


512,374 


453,824 


366,934 


.81 


765,494 


385,039 


189,784 


.49 


n 


146,078 


503,864 


3.45 


1,899,094 


1,012,834 


537,240 


.53 


20,397 


11,852 


13,227 


1.12 


420,989 


357,604 


419,807 


1.17 


1,110,412 


731,285 


822,212 


1.12 



' The term "elastomers" is defined as substances in bale, crumb, powder, latex, and other crude forms which can 
be vulcanized or similarly processed into materials that can be stretched at 68° F. to at least twice their original 
length and, after having been stretched and the stress removed, will return with force to approximately their original 
length. 

2 Includes oil content of oil-extended elastomers. 

3 Calculated from unrounded figures. 

" Reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published, or no data reported. 

» More than four-fifth of SBR elastomer production Is the dry type of product. 

s Includes butyl, chlorinated natural rubber, chlorinated polyethylene, epichlorohydrin, fluoroelastomers, poly acrylic 

ester type, polychloroprene (neoprene) type, polyisoprenes (Including cyclorubber) , polysulfide, silicone type 

(production only), and miscellaneous elastomers. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. international Trade Commission. 



10-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 31 

Elastomers for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Elastomers 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 32) 



Cyclic 

Cyclized polylsoprene (Cyclorubber) No 

Eplchlorohydrin elastomers (CO, ECO) type No 

Styrene-butadiene (S or SBR) type: Yes 

Styrene-butadiene, dry type No 

Styrene-butadiene, latex type No 

Styrene-butadiene-vinylpyridlne Yes 

All other styrene-butadiene type elastomers No 

Thermplastic elastomers (such as styrene-block 
copolymers, thermoplastic olefin elastomers, 
thermoplastic polyurethanes elastomers, and co- 
polyester) Yes 

All other cyclic elastomers No 

Acyclic 

Butadiene-acrylonitrlle (nitrile) (NBR) type Yes 

Butyl(lsobutylene-isoprene) type No 

Chlorinated rubber, natural and synthetic No 

Chlorosulfonated polyethylene (CSM) type No 

Ethylene-propylene (EP) type Yes 

Ruorelastomers (CFM, FKM, FFKIVI) type No 

Poly aery late ester type: 

Polyacryllc (ACM) type elastomers No 

Polyalkalene oxide No 

Poiybutadiene acrylic acid acrylonitrile terpoiymer 

(PBAN) No 

Poiybutadiene (BR) type Yes 

Polychloroprene (Neoprene) (CR) type No 

Polylsoprene (IR) type No 

Polysulfide (T) type elastomers No 

Silicone (Q) type elastomers Yes 

All other acyclic elastomers No 



WAY. 
BFG. 

CPY, FRS, GRD, GYR, SPO. 
BAS, BFG, GYR, MMM, RCI. 
BFG, FRS, GNT, GYR. 
ASY, LC. 



BFG, DOW, EEP 


ENJ, FRS, GEP, MON 


SHC. 




TNA. 




BFG, CPY, GYR, 


MMM, RCI, USR. 


EN J. 




DOW, HPC. 




DUP. 




CPY, DUP, ENJ, 


USR 


DUP, MMM. 




ACY, BFG. 




PRC. 




ASY. 




ASY, FRS, GYR, 


PLC, RCI, SPO. 


DKA, DUP, LC. 




GYR. 




MRT. 




DCC, DUP, SPD, 


SWS. 


MRT. 





' Chemicals for which seperate statistics are reported in this section are Indicated by 'Yes.' Chemicals for which 

data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are Indicated by 'No.' 

Source: Compiled from data received In response to questionalres of the U.S. international Trade Commission. 



10-3 



Section 10 

Table 32 

Elastomers (synthetic rubber): Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1988 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



ACY American Cyanamid Co. 

ASY American Synthetic Rubber Corp. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BFG B. F. Goodrich Co., B.F. Goodrich 

Chemical Group 

CPY Copolymer Rubber & Chemical Corp. 

DCC Dow Corning Corp. 

DKA Mobay Synthetics Corp. 

DOW Dow Chemical Co. 

DUP E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc.: 

Polymer Products Dept. 

EEP Fluorcarbon Company 

ENJ Exxon Chemical Americas: 

FRS Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. , Firestone 

Synthetic Rubber & Latex Co. Div. 

GEP General Electric Co. , Plastics Div. 

GNT Gencorp Polymers Products 

GRD W. R. Grace & Co., Polymers & 

Chemical Div. 



GYR Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 

HPC Hercules, Inc. 

LC Lord Corp. , Chemical Products Group 

MMM Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Co. 

MON Monsanto Co. 

MRT Morton-Thiokol, Inc., Morton Chemical 

Co. Div 

PLC Phillips 66 Co. 

PRC Products Research & Chemical Corp. 

RCI Relchold Chemicals, Inc. 

SHC Shell Oil Co. , Shell Chemical Co. 

SPD General Electric Co. , Silicone Products 

Dept. 
SPO Amerlpol Co. , Div. of Uniroyal Goodrich 

Tire Co. 

SWS Wacker Silicones 

TNA Ethyl Corp 

USR Uniroyal, Inc., Uniroyal Chemical Div. 

WAY Olin Hunt Speciality Products, Inc. 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed In app A. 
Source: Compiled from data recieved In response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



10-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Section 11 
Plasticizers 

Plasticizers are organic chemicals that are 
added to synthetic plastics and resin materials to 
(1) improve workability during fabrication, (2) 
extend or modify the natural properties of these 
materials, or (3) develop new improved properties 
not present in the original material. Table 33 
presents statistics on U.S. production and sales of 
plasticizers in as great a detail as is possible 
without revealing the operations of individual 
producers. U.S. production of plasticizers totaled 
2,300 million pounds in 1988, an increase of 15.1 
percent from the 1,998 million pounds reported 
for 1987. The trend of production of these 
products is shown in the graph in figure 12 Sales 
of plasticizers totaled 1,874 million pounds, 
valued at $1,001 million, in 1988, compared with 
1,876 million pounds, valued at $896 million, in 
1987. 

Production of cyclic plasticizers in 1988, which 
consisted chiefly of the esters of phthalic 
anhydride, phosphoric acid, and trimellitic acid, 



amounted to 1,775 million pounds, an increase of 
22.0 percent from the 1,455 million pounds 
reported for 1987. Sales of cyclic plasticizers in 
1988 totaled 1,440 million pounds, valued at 
$700 million, compared with 1,452 million 
pounds, valued at $628 million, in 1987. The 
most important cyclic plasticizers were the dioctyl 
phthalates, with production of 344 million 
pounds, in 1988. 

Production of acyclic plasticizers in 1988 
totaled 526 million pounds, decrease of 3.2 
percent from the 543 million pounds reported for 
1987. Sales of acyclic plasticizers totaled 434 
million pounds, valued at $301 million, in 1988, 
compared with 424 million pounds, valued at 
$268 million, in 1987. Adipic acid esters were 
the most important acyclic plasticizers in 1988 
with production of 153 million pounds. 

Table 34 lists the products reported in this 
section and indicates the manufacturer (s) of each 
by code. These codes are identified by company 
name in table 35. 

Jesse Lawrence Johnson 
202-252-1351 



Figure 12 

Plasticizers: U.S. production, 1984-88 



Billions 
of pounds 



1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 

Source: Compiled from data received In response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



11-1 



Section 11 

Table 33 

Plastlcizers: U.S. production and sales, 1988 



Plasticlzers 



Grand total 

Benzenoid^ 

Nonbenzenoid 

Cyclic 

Total 

Phthalic anhydride esters, total 

DIbutyl phtiialates (including dlisobutyl 

phthalates) 

Diethyl phthalates (including dilsoethyl phthalates) 

Diisodecyl phthalate'' 

Diisononyl phthalate 

Dioctyl phthalates* 

Di-tridecyl phthalate 

All other phthalic anhydride esters 

Trimellitic acid esters 

All other cyclic plasticizers" 

Acyclic 

Total 

Adipic acid esters, total 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate 

Diisodecyl adipate 

Ditrldecyl adipate 

All other adipic acid esters 

Complex linear polyesters and 

polymeric plastlcizers, total 

Adipic acid type 

All other complex linear polyester & 
polymeric plastlcizers 

Epoxidized esters, total 

Epoxidized soya oil esters 

All other epoxidized esters 

Oleic acid esters, total 

Butyl oleate 

Decyl oleate 

All other oleic acid esters 

2-Ethylhexyl palmltate 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) sebacate 

Stearic acid esters, total 

n-Butyl stearate 

Isobutyl stearate 

All other stearic acid esters 

Sucrose acetate Isobutyrate 

All other acyclic plastlcizers'' 

See footnotes at end of table. 





Sales 




Average 
Unit 


Production^ 


Quantity 


Value 


value'' 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
dollars 


Per 
pound 


2,300,416 


1,873,590 


1,001,303 


$0.53 


1,996,422 
303.994 


1,598,590 
275,000 


820,105 
181,198 


.51 
.66 


1,774,602 


1,439,828 


700,084 


.49 


1,623,214 


1,307,189 


590,139 


.45 


25,460 
26,162 
176,953 
221,347 
344,268 
27,202 
801,822 


22,731 
17,054 
169,597 
200,939 
352,889 
24,755 
519,224 


11,188 
29,150 
69,685 
80,806 

141,635 
14,203 

243,472 


.49 
1.71 
.41 
.40 
.40 
.57 
.47 


54,875 
96,513 


60,673 
71,966 


44,937 
65,008 


.74 
.90 


525,814 


433,762 


301,219 


.69 


152,605 


98,069 


70,455 


.72 


50,042 
2,084 
6,267 

94,212 


52,432 
3,430 
6,236 

35,971 


29,294 
1,376 
5,870 

33,915 


.56 
.40 
.94 
.94 


88,216 


67,658 


55,710 


.79 


54,452 


53,298 


42,045 


.82 


33,764 


14.360 


13,665 


.95 


134,910 


130,251 


68,821 


.53 


114,832 
20,078 


113,153 
17,098 


55,713 
13,108 


.49 
.76 


11,898 


11,857 


7,680 


.65 


1,610 

375 

9,913 


1,508 

287 

10,062 


1,040 

527 

6,113 


.69 

1.83 

.61 


3,201 


2,136 
2,982 


1,847 
4,388 


.86 
1.47 


12,967 


12,738 


9,308 


.73 


6,427 
2,902 
3,638 


6,807 
2,654 
3,277 


3,955 
1 ,462 
3,891 


.58 

.55 

1.19 


3,708 
118,309 


3,346 
104,725 


4,849 
78,161 


1.45 
.75 



11-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Footnotes for table 33— Continued 



' Includes data for compounds used principally (but not exclusively) as primary plastlclzers. Does not Include clearly 
defined extenders or secondary plastlclzers. 

2 Calculated from unrounded figures. 

3 Includes benzenold products as defined In part 1, schedule 4, of the Tariff Schedules of the United States 
Annotated. 

" The difference between the production reported here and that shown on the Preliminary Report on U.S. 

Production of Selected Organic Chemicals (including Synthetic Plastics and Resin Materials), 1987, results from a 

combination of Incorrect reporting by some companies, end-of-year Inventory adjustments, and rounding. 

= Includes data for cresyl diphenyl phosphate, dibutyl phenyl phosphate, diphenyl octyl phosphate, tricresyl 

phosphate, triphenyl phosphate, and other cyclic phosphoric acid esters, glycol dibenzoates, toluenesulfonamldes, 

tetrahydrofurfuryl oleate, and other cyclic plastlclzers. 

^ Reported data were accepted In confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 

^ Includes data for azelaic acid esters, citric and acetylcitrlo acid esters, myristic acid esters, pelargonic acid esters, 

riclnoleic and acetylriclnoleic acid esters, glyceryl and glycol esters, and other acyclic plastlclzers. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



11-3 



Section 11 

Table 34 

Plastlclzers for which U.S. production and/or saies were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Plasticlzers 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 35) 



Cyclic 



Yes 



N-n-butyl benzenesuifonamide No 

Diethylene glycol dibenzoate No 

Dipropanedlol dibenzoate (Dipropylene glycol 

dibenzoate) No 

N-Ethyl-p-toluenesulfonamlde No 

Glyceryl tribenzoate No 

Phosphoric acid esters: 

Isodecyl diphenyl phosphate No 

Tricresyl phosphate No 

Triphenyl phosphate No 

All other phosphoric acid esters No 

Phthalic anhydride esters: Yes 

Bis(2-ethylhexyl)terephthlate No 

Butyl benzyl phthalate No 

Butyl 2-ethylhexyl phthalate No 

Butyl octyl phthalates No 

Cyclohexyi isooctyl phthalate No 

Di(2-butoxyethyl) phthalate No 

Dibutyl phthalate (including dilsobutyl phthalate) Yes 

Dicyclohexyl phthalate No 

Diethylene glycol phthalate No 

Diethyl phthalate (Diethyl isophthalate) Yes 

Di-(n-heptyl-n-nonyl) phthalate No 

Di-(n-heptyl-n-nonyl) undecyl phthalate No 

Diisodecyl phthalate Yes 

Diisohexyi phthalate No 

Diisononyl phthalate Yes 

Dimethyl isophthalate No 

Dimethyl phthalate No 

Dinonyl phthalate No 

Dl-tridecyl phthalate Yes 

Diundecyl phthalate No 

2-Ethylhexyi cyclohexyi phthalate No 

Hexyl n-decyl phthalate No 

n-Octyl n-decyl phthalate No 

Phthalic acid, diallyl ester No 

Dioctyl phthalates: Yes 

Dl( 2-ethylhexyl) isophthalate No 

Di( 2-ethylhexyl) phthalate No 

Dilso-octyl phthalate No 

Di-n-octyl phthalate No 

Ail other dioctyl phthalates Yes 

Glycol phthalate esters: 

Butyl phthalyl butyl glycolate No 

All other phthalic anhydride esters No 

Polyethylene glycol dibenzoate No 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl oleate No 

Toluenesulfonamide o-, p-mlxtures No 

Trimellitic acid esters: Yes 

Tri( 2-ethylhexyl) trimellitate No 

Trl-n-hexyltrlmellitate No 

Triisodecyl trimellitate No 

Triisononyl trimellitate No 

Triisooctyl trimellitate No 

Trimethyl trimellitate No 

Tri-n-octyl n-decyl trimellitate No 

Trioctyl trimellitate No 

All other trimellitic acid esters No 

All other cyclic plastlclzers Yes 



TNA, UTC. 
KLM, VEL. 

KLM, VEL. 
NES, UTC. 
VEL. 

MON. 
FMC. 

FMC, MON. 
FMC, MON, SM. 

EKT. 
MON. 
BAS. 
ART. 
UTC. 
HAL. 
ART, BAS, EKT, HOC, MRF, NOD, 

UTC, WTH. 
UTC, (2). 
CMB. 

EKT, MON, MRF, (=). 
BAS, SC. 
BAS, ENJ, SC. 

ART, BAS, ENJ, HOC, MON, NOD, TEK. 
ENJ. 

ART, BAS, ENJ, TEK. 
UTC, (2). 

EKT, MRF, UTC, WTC. 
ENJ, SC. 

ART, ENJ, HCC, NOD, SM, TEK. 
ART, SC. 
HCC. 
VST. 

ART, VST. 
TNA. 

MRF. 

ART, BAS, EKT, ENJ, HCC, TEK. 

ENJ, HAL, HCC, NOD, TEK. 

EK. 

BAS, HCC, WTH. 

{') 

BAS, MON, NOD, SC, TEK, WTC. 

VEL. 

WTC. 

UTC. 

BAS, ENJ, HCC, TEK. 

(^) 

ENJ, HCC, WM. 

ART, TEK. 

ENJ, HAL, NOD, TEK. 

FER, (2). 

HAL. 

ART, EKT. 

ART, HAL, TEK, (=), («) . 

BOE, NEV, NOD, UTC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



11-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 34— Continued 

Plastlclzers for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Plastlclzers 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 35) 



Acyclic 



Yes 



Adipic acid esters: Yes 

Butylene glycol adipate No 

DI(2'-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethyl) adipate No 

Dibutoxyethyl adipate No 

Dl(2-ethylhexyl) adipate Yes 

Dl-n-hexyl adipate No 

Dilsobutyl adipate No 

Dlisodecyl adipate Yes 

Diisononyl adipate No 

Dllsooctyl adipate No 

Diisopropyl adipate No 

Dimethyl adipate No 

Di-n-octyl adipate No 

Ditridecyl adipate Yes 

Ethylene glycol adipate No 

Neopentyl glycol adipate No 

n-Octyl n-decyl adipate No 

Ail other adipic acid esters Yes 

Azeiaic acid esters: 

Bis(hydroxypropyi) eizeiate No 

Dl{2-ethylhexyl) azelate No 

All other azeiaic acid esters No 

Citric and acetyicitric acid esters: 

Tributyl acetyicltrate No 

Tributyl citrate No 

Triethyi acetyicltrate No 

Triethyl citrate No 

All other citric and acetyicitric acid esters No 

Complex linear polyesters and polymeric plastlclzers: Yes 
Adipic acid type complex linear polyesters and 

polymeric plastlclzers Yes 

All other complex linear polyesters and polymeric 

plastlclzers Yes 

Epoxidized esters; Yes 

Epoxidized linseed oils No 

Epoxidized pentaerythritol tetraphthalate No 

Epoxidized soya oils Yes 

2-Ethyihexyl epoxytallates No 

Octyi epoxystearates No 

Ail other epoxidized esters Yes 

Glyceryl tripropionate No 

Giutaric acid esters: 

Neopentyl glycol giutarate No 

Ail other giutaric acid esters No 

Laurie acid esters: 

Ail other laurlc acid esters No 

Myristic acid esters: 

Isopropyl myrlstate No 

Myristyi ethoxy myrlstate No 

AN other myristic acid esters No 

Octandic acid esters: 

Ail other octanoic acid esters No 

Oleic acid esters: Yes 

Butyl oleate Yes 

Decyl oleate Yes 

2-Ethyihexyi oleate No 

Glyceryl trioleate (Triolein) No 

Isobutyi oleate No 



HAL. 










HAL, 


MON 








EKT, 


HAL. 








ART, 


BAS, 


EKT, 


ENJ, 


HAL, HCC 


MON, MRF, NOD, TEK, WTH. 


EKT, 


MON 








HAL, 


HCC, 


MRF, 


WTC 




HAL, 


HCC, 


MRF, 


NOD 


, TEK. 


ART, 


ENJ, 


TEK. 






HCC 










VND, 


WTH 








MRF, 


n. 








WM, 


WTH. 








EiVIR, 


HCC 


NOD 


SM, 


WM. 


HAL. 










HAL. 










ART, 


HCC. 








HAL, 


HCC, 


MON 


PCI, 


WTC. 


EMR 










EMR 


HAL, 


TEK. 






WTC 










UTC 










{') 










{") 










i') 










CCL, 


('). 









EMR, HAL, MRF, TEK, WTC, WTH. 



ARZ, EKX, EMR, 


SBC, 


SM, TEK, 


VND, WTC. 






UCC, WTC, VIK. 






UCC. 






FER, FMC, TEK, 


UCC 


WTC, VIK. 


UCC. 






WTC. 






REZ. UCC, VIK. 






EKT. 






HAL. 






HAL. 






HAL. 






WM, WTH. 






SCP. 






CAS, WTH. 






HAL. 






CHL, EMR, HAL, 


WTC 


WTH. 


SBC, SCP, VND. 






HAL. 






EMR, WTC. 






SBC. 







See footnotes at end of table. 



11-5 



Section 11 

Table 34— Continued 

Plasticizers for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 35) 



Acyclic— Continued 

Oleic acid esters— Continued 

Isooctyi oleate No 

IVlethyl oleate No 

Neopentyl glycol dioleate No 

Oieyi oleate No 

Propyl oleates: 

n-Propyi oleate No 

Trimethyioipropane trioleate No 

All other oleic acid esters No 

Palmitic acid esters: 

n-Butyl paimitate No 

2-Ethylhexyi paimitate Yes 

isobutyi paimitate No 

isopropyi paimitate No 

All other palmitic acid esters No 

Pelargonic acid esters: 

Glycol pelargonate No 

isodecyl pelargonate No 

All other pelargonic acid esters No 

Phosphoric acid esters: 

Tri(2-butoxyethyi) phosphate No 

Triethyi phosphate No 

RIcinoieic and acetylriclnoieic acid esters: 

n-Butyi acetyirlcinoleate No 

Butyl ricinoleate No 

Glyceryl monoricinoieate No 

Glyceryl trl(acetylricinoieate) No 

IVlethyl ricinoleate No 

All other ricinoieic and acetyiricinoleic acid ester No 

Sebacic acid esters: 

Dlbutoxyethyi sebacate No 

Dlbutyi sebacate No 

Dl(2-ethylhexyl) sebacate Yes 

Dlisopropyi sebacate No 

Dimethyl sebacate No 

Propylene glycol sebacate No 

Stearic acid esters: Yes 

n-Butyi stearate Yes 

2-Ethyihexyi stearate No 

Glyceryl triacetyi stearate No 

Hexadecyi stearate No 

Isobutyi stearate Yes 

isodecyl stearate No 

Myristyl stearate No 

2-Octyldecyi-12-stearoyl stearate No 

Tridecyl stearate No 

All other stearic acid esters Yes 

Sucrose acetate isobutyrate Yes 

Triethylene glycol di(capryiate-caprate) No 

Triethylene glycol di(2-ethyibutyrate) No 

Triethylene glycol dl(2-ethylhexanoate) No 

All other acyclic plasticizers Yes 



HAL. 




EIVIR, WTC. 




HOC. 




SBC. 




EMR. 




HCC. 




HAL. 




EKT. 




VND, WM, WTH. 




WTH. 




CAS, WM, WTH. 




SBC. 




EMR. 




EMR. 




CAS, SBC, WM. 




FMC, MON. 




EKT. 




CAS. 




CAS. 




CAS. 




CAS. 




CAS. 




CAS. 




HAL. 




HAL, HCC, WM, (2). 




HAL, HCC, TEK, WM, 


(=)• 


SBC, n. 




EMR, UTC, (2), (2). 




HAL. 




CHL, EMR, SCP, WM, 


WTC, WTH 


HCL, TCH, WM. 




CAS. 




HCL. 




EMR, SCP, WM, WTC 


, WTH. 


WM. 




VND. 




VND. 




HCC, WM. 




SBC, SCP, VND, WM, 


WTC. 


EKT, HAL, UCC. 




HAL, WM. 




HAL. 




EKT, EKX, HAL. 




ARZ, HCC, HPC, WM. 





' Chemicals for which seperate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'Yes.' Chemicals for which 

data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'No.' 

2 The manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the disignated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. international Trade Commission. 



11-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 35 
Plasticlzers: 



Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1988 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



ART Aristech Chemical Corp. , Chemical DIv. 

ARZ Arizona Chemical Co. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BOE Boehme Fllatex, Inc. 

CAS CasChem, Inc. 

CCL Catawba-Charlab, Inc. 

CHL Chemol Co. 

CMS Cambridge Industries Co. 

EK Eastman Kodak Co. : 

EKT Tennessee Eastman Co. DIv. 

EKX Texas Eastman Co. DIv. 

EMR Quantum Chemical Corporation 

Corporation Emery Division 

ENJ Exxon Chemical Americas 

FER Ferro Corp.: 

Ferro Chemical Div. 

Grant Chemical Div. 



FMC FMC Corp. 

HAL C. P. Hail Co. 

HCC Hatco Chemical Corp. 

HCL Hoechst Celanese Corp. , 

Sou-Tex Works 

HPC Hercules, Inc. 

KLM Kalama Chemical, Inc. 

MON Monsanto Co. 

MRF Morflex Chemical Co. , Inc. 

NES Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co. 

NEV Neville Chemical Co. 

NOD Huls America, Inc. 

PCI Piedmont Chemical Industries 

WM Index Chemical Co. 

WTC Witco Chemical Corp. 

WTH Union Camp Corp. 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed In app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received In response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commlslion. 



11-7 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Section 12 
Surface-Active Agents 

The surface-active agents included in this 
report are organic chemicals that reduce the 
surface tension of water or other solvents and are 
used chiefly as detergents, dispersing agents, 
emulsifiers, foaming agents, or wetting agents in 
either aqueous or nonaqueous systems. Waxes 
and products used chiefly as plasticizers are 
excluded. Surface-active agents are produced 
from natural fats and oils, from silvichemicals 
such as lignin, rosin, and tall oil, and from 
chemical intermediates derived from coal tar and 
petroleum. A major part of the output of the bulk 
chemicals shown in this report is consumed in the 
form of packaged soaps and detergents for 
household and industrial use. The remainder is 
used in the processing of textiles and leather, in 
ore flotation and oil-drilling operations, and in the 
manufacture of agricultural sprays, cosmetics, 
elastomers, foods, lubricants, paint, 

pharmaceuticals, and many other products. 

The statistics for production and sales of 
surface-active agents (table 36) are grouped by 
ionic class and by chemical class and subclass. All 
quantities are reported in terms of 100-percent 
organic surface-active ingredients and thus 
exclude all inorganic salts, water, and other 
diluents. Sales statistics reflect sales of bulk 
surface-active agents only; sales of formulated 
products are excluded. Data for "all other" in 
each of the categories, which was published in 
previous editions, can be derived by subtracting 
from the totals of each category the sum of the 
enumerated items within that category. Data for 
the production of surface-active agents during 
1984-88 are shown in figure 13. 

Total U.S. production of surface-active agents 
in 1988 amounted to 7,316 million pounds, or 17 
percent more than the 6,269 million pounds 
reported for 1987. Sales of bulk surface-active 



agents in 1988 amounted to 4,261 million pounds, 
valued at $2,303 million, compared with sales in 

1987 of 3,923 million pounds, valued at $1,713 
million. In terms of quantity, sales in 1988 were 9 
percent more than in 1987. 

Production of anionic surface-active agents in 

1988 amounted to 4,560 million pounds, or 62 
percent of the total surfactant output reported for 
1988. Sales of anionics in 1988 amounted to 
2,075 million pounds, valued at $631 million. 

Production of cationic surface-active agents in 
1988 amounted to 703 million pounds, 7 percent 
more than the 655 million pounds reported in 
1987. Production of nonionic surface-active 
agents amounted to 2,012 million pounds in 1988, 
5 percent more than the 1,909 million pounds 
reported in 1987. Sales of cationic surface-active 
agents in 1987 decreased by 2 percent in terms of 
quantity, and by 7 percent in terms of value when 
compared with sales as reported in 1987. Sales of 
nonionics in 1988 increased by 3 percent in terms 
of quantity, and by 57 percent in terms of value 
when compared with sales as reported in 1987. 

The difference between production and sales 
reflects inventory changes and captive 
consumption of surface-active agents by synthetic 
rubber producers, and by manufacturers of 
cosmetics, packaged detergents, bar soaps, and 
other formulated consumer products. In some 
instances the difference may also reflect quantities 
of surface-active agents used as chemical 
intermediates, e.g., nonionic alcohol and 
alkylphenol ethoxylates, which may be converted 
to anionic surface-active agents by phosphation or 
sulfation. 

Table 37 lists the products reported in this 
section and indicates the manufacturer (s) of each 
by code. These codes are identified by company 
name in table 38. 

Eric Land 
202-252-1349 



12-1 



Section 12 



Figure 13 

Surface-active agents: U.S. production, 1984-88 



Millions 
of pounds 



5 ~ 'if,^'*. 



2 

1 -i 



Z<.: : 



•"\>/%A V 



w« 






1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 

Source: Compiied from data received in response to questionnaires of tine U.S. international Trade Commission. 



12-2 



Table 36 

Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1988 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Surface-active agents 





Sales'' 




Average 
Unit 


Production^ 


Quantity 


Value 


value^ 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 


1.000 
dollars 


Per 
pound 



Grand total 7,316,076 

Benzenoid" 1 ,622,076 

Nonbenzenoid 5,694,000 

Amphoteric 

Total 41,120 

(Carboxymethyl) [3-(ooconut oil amldo)propyl] 

dimethylammonlum hydroxide, inner salt 7,305 

N-Dodecyl-3-iminodipropionic acid, disodiunn salt 171 

(Mixed alkyl) sulfobetaine 563 

N-(Tallow alkyl) -3-iminodipropionic acid, disodium salt .... 183 

All other amphoteric. surface active agents 32,898 

Anionic 

Total 4,559,548 

Carboxylic acids (and salts thereof) , total 1 ,269,290 

Amine salts of fatty, rosin, and tall oil acids, total 3,613 

Stearic acid, triethanolamine salt 372 

All other amine salts of fatty, rosin, and tall oil 

acids 3,241 

Coconut oil acids, potassium salt (') 

Coconut oil acids, sodium salt 186,778 

Oleic acid, sodium salt 264 

Rosin acids, potassium salt 92,559 

Stearic acid, potassium salt 142 

Tall oil acids , potassium salt 11,110 

Tallow acids, sodium salt 404,348 

All other carboxylic acids (and salts thereof) 570,476 

Phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esters (and salts 

thereof) , total 63,086 

Alcohols and phenols, alkoxylated and 

phosphated, total 45,669 

Decyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated 1 ,132 

Dinonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 1,114 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and 

phosphated 7,681 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 7,160 

OctylphenoJ, ethoxylated and phosphated (=) 

Phenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 1 ,738 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated 5,726 

All other alcohols and phenols, alkoxylated and 

phosphated 21,118 

Decyl and octyi phosphate 1 ,741 

2-Ethylhexyl phosphate 795 

Mixed alkyl phosphate 3,635 

All other phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esters 

(and salts thereof) 11 ,246 

Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof) , total 2,285,658 

Alkylbenzenesulfonates, total 819,090 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid 360,916 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, calcium salt 5,096 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, isopropylamine salt 4,845 



4,261,221 



2,303,251 $0.54 



911,753 
3,349,468 



38,734 



2,074,638 



250,230 



46,360 



513,475 
1,789,776 



38,493 



631,257 



100,080 



46,120 



.99 



7,249 


8,932 


1.23 


171 


259 


1.51 


480 


386 


.80 


183 


244 


1.33 


30,651 


28,672 


.94 



.30 



.40 



2,304 


2,314 


1.00 


76 


93 


1.24 


2,228 


2,221 


1.00 


1,157 


3,652 


3.16 


6,727 


2,520 


.37 


(») 


(=) 


(=) 


91,882 


23,175 


.25 


68 


351 


5.18 


4,040 


2,174 


.54 


38,612 


9,939 


.26 


105,440 


55,955 


.53 



.99 



35,378 


32,785 


.93 


1,018 


912 


.90 


1,105 


1,171 


1.06 


7,460 


7,044 


.94 


6,365 


6,052 


.95 


1,514 


1,677 


1.11 


1,747 


1,213 


.69 


(=) 


(=) 


{') 


16,169 


14,716 


.91 


1,672 


1,632 


.98 


627 


614 


.98 


2,460 


3,007 


1.22 


6,223 


8,082 


1.30 


1,506,957 


338,861 


.22 


211,375 


121,501 


.57 


113,950 


55,742 


.49 


3,032 


3,788 


1.25 


3,949 


3,462 


.88 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-3 



Section 12 

Table 36— Continued 

Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1988 



Surface-active agents 





Sales^ 




Average 
Unit 


Production^ 


Quantity 


Value 


value'' 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
dollars 


Per 
pound 



Anionic— Continued 

Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof)— Continued 
Alkylbenzenesulfonates— Continued 
Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, (mixed all<yi) 

amine salt 279 

Docecylbenzenesulfonic add, sodium salt 267,804 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, triethanolamine salt 13,335 

All other alkylbenzene sulfonates 166,815 

Benzene-, cumene-, toluene-, and xylenesulfonates, 

total 157,912 

Xylenesulfonlc acid, ammonium salt 12,498 

Xylenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 107,839 

Ail other benzene-, cumene-, toluene-, and 

xylenes sulfonates 37,575 

Lignlnsulfonates and naphthalenesulfonates, total 1 ,095,083 

Dllsopropylnaphthalenesulfonic add, sodium salt 1 ,605 

Ligninsulfonic acid, ammonium salt 3,424 

Lignlnsuifonic acid, calcium salt 556,050 

Ligninsulfonic add, sodium salt 178,360 

All other lignlnsulfonates and naphthalene- 
sulfonates 355,644 

Sulfosuccinamic add derivatives 3,491 

Sulfonic adds having ester or ether linkages, total 171 ,156 

Sulfosuccinic acid esters, total 32,543 

Sulfosuccinic acid, bis (2-ethylhexyl) ester, 

sodium salt 24,615 

Sulfosuccinic add, monolaureth ester disodium salt . 288 

All other sulfosuccinic acid esters 7,640 

All other sulfonic acids having ester or ether 

linkages 138,613 

All other sulfonic acids (and salts thereof) 38,926 

Sulfuric acid esters (and salts thereof) , total^ 941 ,514 

Adds, amides, and esters, sulfated, total 8,799 

Butyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 1 ,390 

All other acids, amides, and esters, sulfated 7,409 

Alcohols, sulfated, total 401 ,422 

Decyl sulfate, sodium salt 1 ,308 

Dodecyl sulfate, ammonium salt 30,145 

Dodecyl sulfate, magnesium salt (°) 

Dodecyl sulfate, sodium salt 24,282 

Dodecyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 5,261 

2-Ethylhexyl sulfate sodium salt 1 ,697 

Mixed linear alcohols, sulfated, triethanolamine salt . . . 17,939 

All other alcohols, sulfated 320,790 

Ethers, sulfated, total^ 504,065 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

sodium salt 858 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

sodium salt 8,956 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

sodium salt 222,616 

All other ethers, sulfated^ 271 ,635 

Natural fats and oils, sulfated, total 27,228 

Castor oil, sulfated, sodium salt 3,915 

Tall oil, sulfated, sodium salt 208 

See footnotes at end of table. 



102 


138 


$1.36 


74,768 


48,862 


.65 


13,005 


7,213 


.55 


2,569 


2,296 


.89 


135,056 


30,777 


.23 


12,242 


3,069 


.25 


101,176 


21,051 


.21 


21,638 


6,657 


.31 


1,066,062 


104,493 


.10 


1,390 


2,569 


1.85 


5,844 


486 


.08 


530,435 


24,603 


.05 


178,013 


24,177 


.14 


350,580 


52,658 


.15 


3,396 


2,344 


.69 


57,092 


51,706 


.91 


27,186 


28,109 


1.03 


20,478 


21,614 


1.06 


288 


379 


1.31 


6,420 


6,116 


.95 


29,906 


23,597 


.79 


33,976 


28,040 


.83 


271,091 


146,196 


.54 


6,121 


4,765 


.78 


1,291 


664 


.51 


4,830 


4,101 


.85 


90,700 


62,403 


.69 


805 


441 


.55 


16,397 


8,061 


.49 


51 


81 


1.59 


23,991 


22,939 


.96 


3,817 


3,100 


.81 


1,669 


2,168 


1.30 


6,760 


5,504 


.81 


37,210 


20,109 


.54 


150,974 


61,839 


.41 



8,956 



797 
10,640 



1.19 



38,222 


19,973 


.52 


102,938 


30,429 


.30 


23.296 


17,189 


.74 


3,777 


3,142 


.83 


112 


60 


.53 



12-4 



Table 36— Continued 

Surface-active agents: U.S. production and saies, 1983 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Surface-active agents 





Saies^ 




Average 
Unit 


Production^ 


Quantity 


Value 


vaiue" 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
dollars 


Per 
pound 



Anionic — Continued 

Sulfuric acid esters (and salts thereof)— Continued 
Natural fats and oils, sulfated— Continued 

Tallow, sulfated, sodium salt 472 

All other natural fats and oils, sulfated 22,633 

Catlonic 

Total 703,209 

Amine oxides and oxygen-containing amines (except 

those having amide linkages) , total 177,176 

Acyclic, total 168,481 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)octadecylamine 159 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl) (tallow alkyljamlne 6,470 

(Coconut oil alkyljamlne, ethoxylated 5,158 

(Hydrogenated tallow alkyljamlne, ethoxylated 966 

(9-Octadecenyl) amine, ethoxylated 2,111 

Octadecylamlne, ethoxylated 1 ,175 

(Soybean oil alkyljamlne, ethoxylated 190 

(Tallow alkyljamlne, ethoxylated 7,933 

N- (tallow alkyl) trimethylene diamine, ethoxylated 1,521 

All other acyclic 142,798 

Cyclic (including imidazoline and oxazollne 

derivatives) , total 8,695 

1-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nonyl-2-imidazoline 1 ,077 

1-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(tall oil alkylj-2- 

imidazoline (^) 

All other cyclic (including Imidazoline and 

oxazollne derivativesj 7,618 

Amines and amine oxides having amide linkages 58,057 

Amines, not containing oxygen (and salts thereof j, 

total 230,853 

Amine salts, diamines and polyamlnes 33,250 

Monoamines, total 197,603 

(Hydrogenated tallow alkyljamlne 7,578 

9-Octadecenylamine 9,751 

(Soybean oil alkyljamlne 4,227 

All other monoamines 176,047 

Quaternary ammonium salts, containing oxygen, total .... 42,446 

(Coconut oil alkyl)-bis-(2-hydroxyethyl, ethoxylated)- 

methylammonium chloride 279 

All other quaternary ammonium salts, containing 

oxygen 42 , 1 67 

Quaternary ammonium salts, not containing oxygen, 

total 182,299 

Acyclic, total 158,735 

Bis(coconut oil alkyl) dimethyiammonlum chloride 3,500 

Bis (hydrogenated tallow alkyl) dimethyiammonlum 

chloride 79,222 

N-(coconut oil alkylj amlnobutyrlc acid, sodium salt . . . 2,494 

Hexadecyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (*j 

Trlmethy I (tallow alkylj ammonium chloride 4,268 

All other acyclic 69,251 

Benzenold, total" 23,564 

Benzyldlmethyl(mlxed alkylj ammonium chloride 6,787 



362 
19,045 



402,672 



58,777 



87,991 



37,313 



249 
37,064 

167,373 



149,024 
3,348 

78,358 

2,473 

90 

3,298 

61,457 

18,349 

5,834 



218 
13,769 



381,109 



49,567 



296 
37,770 

154,941 



.95 



.84 



52,498 


42,976 


.82 


110 


154 


1.41 


4,049 


3,562 


.88 


4,729 


2,862 


.61 


903 


724 


.80 


1,954 


1,487 


.76 


1,036 


1,985 


1.92 


313 


392 


1.25 


7,402 


6,080 


.82 


1,452 


1,399 


.96 


30,550 


24,331 


.80 


6,279 


6,591 


1.05 


1,071 


1,505 


1.40 


320 


524 


1.64 


4,888 


4,562 


.93 


40,472 


31,132 


.77 



.85 



23,553 


17,375 


.74 


64,438 


57,758 


.90 


3,741 


2,588 


.69 


4,228 


3,400 


.80 


{') 


(') 


CJ 


56,469 


51,770 


.92 



1.19 
1.02 

.93 



136,554 


.92 


4,194 


1.25 


55,440 


.71 


3,631 


1.47 


307 


3.41 


2,737 


.83 


70,245 


1.14 


18,387 


1.00 


7,351 


1.26 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-5 



Section 12 

Table 36— Continued 

Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1988 



Surface-active agents 





Sales^ 




Average 
Unit 


Production^ 


Quantity 


Value 


value^ 


1,000 
pounds 


1.000 
pounds 


1,000 
dollars 


Per 
pound 



Catlonic— Continued 

Quaternary am.nonium salts, not containing oxygen— Continued 
Benzenoid— Continued 

Benzyldimetliyloctadecylammonium chloride 1 ,227 

Benzyltrimethylammonlum chloride 3,985 

All other benzenoid 11 ,565 

All other catlonic surface-active agents 12,378 

Nonionic 

Total 2,012,199 

Carboxylic acid annldes, total 186,658 

Diethanolamlne codensates (amine/acid 

Ratio = 2/1), total 16,860 

Coconut oil acids 3,635 

Coconut oil and tallow acids 6,761 

Laurie and myristic acids 322 

Oleic acid 771 

Stearic acid 46 

Tall oil acids 2,309 

All other diethanolamlne condensates 

(amine/acid Ratio = 2/1) 3,016 

Diethanolamlne condensates (other amine/acid 

ratios), and other carboxylic acid amides, 

total 169,798 

Coconut oil acids (amlne/acld Ratio = 1/1) 28,513 

Coconut oil acld-ethanolamlne condensate 

(amine/acid ratio = 1/1) 2,472 

Coconut oil acid-ethanolamine condensate 

(amine/acid ratio = 1 /I ) , ethoxylated 476 

Laurie acid (amlne/acld Ratio = 1 /I ) 1 ,908 

Laurie and myristic acids (amlne/acld 

Ratio =1/1) 1,050 

LInoleic acid (amlne/acld Ratio = 1/1) 117 

Stearic acid (amine/acid Ratio = 1/1) 114 

All other diethanolamlne condensates 

(other amlne/acld ratios), and other carboxylic 

acid amides 135,148 

Carboxylic acid esters, total 421 ,591 

Anhydrosorbltol esters, total 117,198 

Anhydrosorbitol monolaurate 6,511 

Anhydrosorbltol monostearate 61 ,651 

Anhydrosorbltol sesquioleate 1 ,040 

Anhydrosorbltol trioleate 1 ,971 

All other anhydrosorbitol esters 46,025 

Dlethylene glycol esters, total 5,481 

Dlethylene glycol monolaurate 222 

Dlethylene glycol monostearate 68 

All other dlethylene glycol esters 5,191 

Ethoxylated sorbitol and anhydrosorbitol esters, 

total 32,766 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbltol monolaurate 7,343 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol mono-oleate 3,950 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monostearate 13,020 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbltol trioleate 3,065 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbltol tristearate 748 

All other ethoxylated sorbitol and anhydrosorbitol 

esters 4,640 



599 

2,423 

9,493 

10,746 



1,745,177 



145,902 



983 
2,805 



586 

1,942 

8,508 

32,270 



61,082 



651 
2,012 



$.98 
.80 
.90 

3.00 



.72 



14,817 


11,214 


.76 


3,326 


2,455 


.74 


6,761 


5,273 


.78 


296 


320 


1.08 


646 


503 


.78 



131,085 


49,868 


.38 


25,367 


15,997 


.63 


2,752 


1,669 


.61 


440 


332 


.75 


1,819 


1,835 


1.01 


1,051 


933 


.89 


110 


152 


1.38 


102 


97 


.95 


99,444 


28,853 


.29 


341,528 


483,391 


1.42 


118,588 


299,314 


2.52 


6,546 


5.065 


.77 


63,022 


12,308 


.20 


1,073 


970 


.90 


1,935 


1,522 


.79 


46,012 


279,449 


6.07 


2,728 


1,908 


.70 


222 


176 


.79 


68 


76 


1.10 


2,438 


1,656 


.68 


31,100 


27,655 


.89 


7,080 


6,690 


.94 


4,126 


3,354 


.81 


11,631 


9,825 


.84 


3,106 


2,572 


.83 


717 


649 


.91 



4,565 1.03 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-6 



Table 36— Continued 

Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1988 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Surface-active agents 





Sales^ 




Average 
Unit 


Production^ 


Quantity 


Value 


value^ 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
dollars 


Per 
pound 



Nonlonic— Continued 

Carboxyllc acid esters, total— Continued 

Ethylene glycol distearate 3,586 

Ethylene glycol monostearate 3,607 

Glycerol esters, total 101 ,105 

Glycerol mono-oleate 3,852 

Glycerol monostearate 21 ,662 

All other glycerol esters 75,591 

Natural fats and oils, ethoxylated, total 33,301 

Castor oil, ethoxylated 14,155 

Hydrogenated castor oil, ethoxylated 3,453 

Lanolin, ethoxylated 1 ,012 

All other natural fats and oils, ethoxylated 14,681 

Polyethylene glycol esters, total 60,006 

Polyethylene glycol diester of tall oil acids 4,296 

Polyethylene glycol dilaurate 1 ,348 

Polyethylene glycol dioleate 4,340 

Polyethylene glycol distearate 2,472 

Polyethylene glycol monolaurate 7,608 

Polyethylene glycol mono-oleate 5,020 

Polyethylene glycol monopalmitate 1 ,362 

Polyethylene glycol monopelargonate 3,594 

Polyethylene glycol monostearate 6,100 

Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of tall oil acids 1 ,808 

All other polyethylene glycol esters 22,058 

Polyglycerol esters, total 1 ,168 

Polyglycerol mono-oleate 690 

All other polyglycerol esters 478 

1 ,2-Propanediol monostearate 1 ,602 

All other carboxyllc acid esters 61 ,771 

Ethers, total 1 ,382,096 

Benzenoid ethers, total* 525,289 

Dinonylphenol, ethoxylated 4,307 

Dodecylphenol, ethoxylated 10,457 

Iso-octylphenol, ethoxylated (*) 

(Mixed alkyl) phenol-formaldehyde, alkoxylated 10,589 

Nonylphenoi, ethoxylated 393,396 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and propoxylated 1 ,233 

Nonylphenol-formaldehyde, alkoxylated 5,216 

n-Octylphenol, ethoxylated 1 ,598 

All other benzenoid ethers 98,493 

Nonbenzenoid ethers, total 766,297 

Chemically-defined linear alcohols, ethoxylated, total . 32,094 

Decyl alcohol, ethoxylated 12,481 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 5,079 

9-Octadecenyl alcohol, ethoxylated 2,645 

Oleyl alcohol, ethoxylated 1 ,142 

All other chemically-defined linear alcocols, 

ethoxylated 10,747 

Mixed linear alcohols, alkoxylated, total 734,203 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated 641 ,625 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and 

propoxylated 24,714 

All other mixed linear alcohols, alkoxylated 67,864 



3,624 


2,554 


$.70 


3,343 


2,529 


.76 


68,104 


58,026 


.85 


3,633 


3,418 


.94 


11,964 


9,969 


.83 


52,507 


44,639 


.85 


24,899 


19,925 


.80 


9,768 


6,893 


.71 


3,213 


3,099 


.96 


992 


765 


.77 


10,926 


9,168 


.84 


49,969 


40,446 


.81 


910 


633 


.70 


1,217 


1,083 


.89 


2,757 


2,601 


.94 


2,404 


2,998 


1.25 


7,587 


5,304 


.70 


4,787 


3,485 


.73 


1,495 


1,461 


.98 


(=) 


n 


n 


6,079 


5,152 


.85 


1,829 


1,139 


.62 


20,904 


16,590 


.79 


1,223 


1,838 


1.50 


690 


938 


1.36 


533 


900 


1.69 


1,097 


1,418 


1.29 


36,853 


27,778 


.76 


1,247,847 


690,459 


.55 


463,559 


267,749 


.58 


3,539 


3,507 


.99 


9,745 


6,352 


.65 


41,681 


37,780 


.91 


(=) 


(=) 


n 


346,726 


181.313 


.52 


1,068 


821 


.77 


(») 


(«) 


n 


1,292 


906 


.70 


59,508 


37,070 


.62 


721,126 


366,855 


.51 


24,386 


22,859 


.94 


8.866 


6,379 


.72 


4,289 


3,497 


.82 


1,780 


2,005 


1.13 


1,025 


1,357 


1.32 


8,426 


9,621 


1.14 


696,740 


343,996 


.49 


632,100 


311,082 


.49 


23,039 


17,226 


.75 


41,601 


15,688 


.38 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-7 



Section 12 

Table 36— Continued 

Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1988 



Surface-active agents 





Sales^ 




Average 
Unit 


Production^ 


Quantity 


Value 


value^ 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
dollars 


Per 
pound 



Nonlonic— Continued 

Ethers — Continued 

Other ethers and thioethers, total 

Mixed alcohols, ethoxylated 

Poly(mlxed ethylene, propylene) glycol 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

All other ethers and thioethers 

All other nonlonic surface-active agents . . 



90,510 


63,162 


55,855 


$.88 


1,117 


647 


536 


.83 


15,172 


5,189 


4,302 


.83 


10,939 


9,211 


6,113 


.66 


63,282 


48,115 


44,904 


.93 



9,900 



17,460 



' All quantities are given in terms of 100 percent organic surface-active ingredient. 

2 Sales include products sold as bulk surface-active agents only. 

^ Calculated from unrounded figures. 

" The term "benzenold" used In this report, describes any surface-active agent, except lignin derivatives, v^^hose 

molecular structure includes 1 or more 6-membered carbocyclic or heterocylic rings with conjugated double bonds 

(e.g., the benzene ring or the pyridine ring). 

5 Reported data were accepted in confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 

s Includes all other anionic surface-active agents. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



12-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 
manufacturer, 1988 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 38) 



Amphoteric 

1 , 1 -Bis (carboxymetiiyl) -2-undecyi-2-imldazolinlum 

chloride, disodlum salt No 

Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)tallowammonium ethanoate No 

Capramidopropyl betaine No 

3-[Capryiamidoethylene-(2-hydroxyethyi)amino]- 

propionic acid No 

Capryiamphopropionate No 

1 -Carboxyethyi- 1 - ( 2-hydroxyethyi) -2-heptyl-2- 

imidazollnium hydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium salt . . No 
1-Carboxyethyi-1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-nonyi-2- 

imldazolinium hydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium salt . . No 
(l-Carboxyheptadecyl)trimethyiammonium hydroxide, 

inner salt No 

Carboxymethyl-3-cocoamidopropyl dimethyl ammonium 

chloride, sodium salt No 

(Carboxymethyi) [3- (coconut oil amido) propyl] - 

dimethylammonium hydroxide, inner salt Yes 

1-Carboxymethyl-2-heptadecyi-1-(2-hydroxyethyI)-2- 

Imidazoiinlum hydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium salt . . No 
1 -Carboxymethyl-1 - (2-hydroxyethyl)-2-heptyi-2- 

imidazoiiniumhydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium salt ... No 
1 -Carboxymethyl-1 - (2-hy droxy ethyl ) -2 , imidazoiinium 

hydroxide sodium derivative, sodium salt No 

1 -Carboxymethyl-1 - (2-hydroxyethyl) -2-nonyl-2- 

Imldazolinium hydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium salt . . No 
1 -Carboxymethyl-1 - (2-hydroxyethyl) -2-undecyi-2- 

imidazolinium hydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium salt . . No 
1 -Carboxymethyl-1 -(2-hydroxyethyl) -2-undecyi-2- 

imldazoliniumhydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium salt ... No 
(Carboxymethyi) -3- (lauryl amido propyl dimethyl 

ammonium hydroxide inner salt No 

( 1 -Carboxyundecyl) trlmethyiammonium hydroxide , 

Inner salt No 

Cocoamidoamphogiyclnate No 

Cocoamidopropyl betaine No 

N-Cocoamidopropyl-N,N-dimethyiamine oxide No 

3- [3- (Cocoamidopropyl) dimethylammonio] -2- 

hydroxypropane sulfonate No 

3-Cocoamidopropyi-2-hydroxy-3-sulfopropyldimethyl 

ammonium hydroxide, inner salt No 

Cocoamphocarboxyglycinate No 

Cocoamphocarboxypropionate No 

Cocoamphopropionate No 

N-(Coconut oil alkyO-p-alanine, partial sodium salt No 

N-(Coconut oil all<yl)-3-alanine, sodium salt No 

3-[(Coconut oil alkyl)amidoethylene- (2-hydroxyethyl) - 

amino] propionic acid No 

N , N-di (hydroxyethyl) -n-carboxymethyl tallow 

ammonium quat, inner salt No 



BRD. 
MIR. 
AAC. 

MIR. 
MOA. 

MIR. 

MIR. 

DUP. 

ENJ. 

AAC, GAP, MIR, PPG, SBC, SCP, SHX, 
WM, WTC. 

MIR. 

MIR. 

BRD. 

BRD, MIR. 

MIR. 

MIR. 

MIR, PPG. 

(=). 
MOA. 
MOA. 
MOA. 

MIR. 

SCP, SHX. 

MOA. 

MOA. 

MOA. 

SCP. 

DUP. 

MIR. 

SHX. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-9 



Section 12 

Table 37— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or saies were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to iist in tabie 38) 



Amphoteric— Continued 

Dodecyl disodium banallne, N-(2-carboxyethyl), 

sodium salt No 

N-Dodecyl-3-imlnodlproplonic acid No 

N-Dodecyl-3-lminodlproplonlc acid, disodium salt Yes 

N-Dodeoyl-3-lmino-dlproplonic acid, monosodlum salt No 

Heptadecylmethyibenzimidazolinesulfonic acid, sodium 

salt No 

Hexyllsonanyiamldocarboxylio acid, monoethanolamlne 

salt No 

1-Hydroxyethyl-1-(2-hydroxy-3-sodium sulfonatopropyl) 

-2-capryl-2-lmidazollnlum hydroxide No 

1 -Hydroxyethyl-1 - (2-hydroxy-3-sodlum sulfonatopropyl) 

-2-nor-coconut oil fatty aclds-2-lmldazollnium 

hydroxide No 

1 -Hydroxyethyl-1 - (2-hydroxy-3-sodlum sulfonatopropyl- 

2-oleyl-2-imldazolinlum hydroxide No 

1-(2-Hydroxyethyi)-1- (sodium 

carboxymethyieneoxyethylene) -2-nor-coconut oil 

fatty acids-2-imldazollnlum hydroxide No 

isodeoyloxypropyllmlnoproplonic acid, monosodlum salt .... No 

isonanyiamldocaproic acid, triethanoiamlne salt No 

Isostearic amphoproplonate No 

Laurylamldopropyl betalne No 

Laurylamphoglyclnate No 

Mixed acyclic primary amines, ethoxylated and 

sulfated, sodium salt No 

(Mixed alkyl)sulfobetalne Yes 

Oleamidopropyl betalne No 

Oleic acid-ethyienedlamine condensate, propoxylated 

and sulfated, sodium salt No 

Oieyl betalne No 

1 -(Sodium carboxyethylene)-1- (sodium 

carboxymethyieneoxyethylene )-2-nor-( tali oil fatty 

acids )-2-imidazoiinium hydroxide No 

1- (Sodium carboxymethyi)-1- (sodium 

carboxymethyieneoxyethylene) -2-nor- (coconut oil 

fatty acids) -2-imidazolinlum lauryl sulfate No 

N- (Tallow all<yl)-3-imlnodiproplonic acid, disodium salt Yes 

Tridecyloxypoly(ethyleneoxy) propionic acid, potassium 

salt No 

All other acyclic amphoteric surface-active agents No 

All other cyclic amphoteric surface-active agents No 

Anionic 

Carboxyiio acids (and salts thereof); 
Amine salts of fatty, rosin, and tali oil acids: 

Coconut oil acids, diethanolamlne salt No 

Coconut oil acids, ethanoiamlne salt No 

isostearic acid, mixed isopropanolamines salt No 

isostearic acid, triethanoiamlne salt No 

Oleic acid, diethanolamlne salt No 

Oleic acid, mixed isopropanolamlne salt No 

Oleic acid, triethanoiamlne salt No 

3-Propanolc acid, cocoamino, sodium salt No 

Rosin acids, triethanoiamlne salt No 



GAP. 

MOA, SCP. 

AAC, MIR, MOA, SCP. 

MIR. 

BRD. 

HCL. 

MIR. 

MIR. 
MIR. 



MIR. 

ENJ. 

SHX. 

MOA. 

MOA. 

MOA. 

RH. 

BRD, MOA, PPG, SBC, WM, («) 

AAC. 

MOA. 
SCP. 



MIR. 

MIR, MOA, SCP. 



BRD, CGY, DUP, MIR, MOA, PPG, S, (2). 
PPG, SBC, SCP. 



AAC, SHX. 
SBP. 

n- 

PCI. 

AAC. 

UTC, (2). 

CCL, CPC, (2). 

PCI. 

CPC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 37— Continued 

Surface-active agents for wliich U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 38) 



Anionic— Continued 

Carboxylic adds (and salts thereof) — Continued 
Amine salts of fatty, rosin, and tali oil acids— Continued 

Stearic acid, N,N,N' ,N'-tetrakls(2-hydroxyethyl)- 
ethylenediamine salt No 

Stearic acid, triethanoiamine salt Yes 

Tali oil acids, diethanolamine salt (condensate) No 

Tall oil acids, triethanoiamine salt No 

(Tall oil fatty acids) , triethanoiamine salt No 

Tallow acids, triethanoiamine salt No 

All other amine salts of fatty, rosin, and tall 

oil acids No 

Carboxylic acids having amide, ester, or ether linkages: 

Butoxyethylene oxyacetic acid, sodium salt No 

5 (or 6) -Carboxy-4-hexyl-2-cyclohexene-1 -octanoic 

acid, reaction products with castor oil No 

N-(Coconut oil acyl)sarcosine, sodium salt No 

N,N-Dimethyl capramide No 

Dodecyloxypoly(ethyleneoxy)acetic acid, sodium salt .... No 

N-Lauroylsarcosine, sodium salt No 

Maleic acid, monoalkyi ester No 

Mixed (secondary linear alcohol) polyethylene 

propionic acid, sodium salt No 

Naphthenic acid, ethoxyiated No 

Nonylphenoi poly (ethyleneoxy) acetic acid, sodium salt ... No 
Poly(oxy-1 ,2-ethanediyl) , co-(2-carboxyethoxy)-a)'- 

hydroxy-a , a ' - ( iminodi-2 , 1 -ethanedlyl) -bis- , N- 

tallow alky! derivs) , potassium salt No 

Poly(oxy-1,2 ethanedlyl) -a-carboxy-methyl, u- 

(tri-decyioxy) , potassium salt No 

Trldecyloxypoly( ethyleneoxy) acetic acid, sodium salt .... No 
All other carboxylic acids with amide, ester or ether 

linkage No 

Potassium and sodium salts of fatty, rosin, and 

tall oil acids: 

Aikoxy triacryl titanate No 

Animal grease, sodium salt No 

5 (or 6) -Carboxy-4-hexyi-2-cyclohexene-1 -octanoic 

acid, potassium/sodium salts No 

Castor oil acids, potassium salt No 

Citric acid, sodium salts (50%) in sodium 

phosphates (20%) No 

Coconut oil acids and oleic acid, potassium salt No 

Coconut oil acids, potassium salt Yes 

Coconut oil acids, sodium salt Yes 

Corn oil acids, potassium salt No 

Gluconic acid, potassium and sodium salts with 

20 percent mix of sodium bisulfite-formaldehyde No 

Heptanoic acid, potassium salt No 

Hexyl(isonanoyl anide)carboxylic acid, mono, 

triethanoiamine salts No 



iCI. 

AAC, BRD, PCI, SBP, {^) 

AAC, SHX. 

PNX. 

WVA. 

CPC, ENJ, SBP. 

S, (=). 

MIR. 

(=). 

ENJ, HMP. 

PEL. 

MIR. 

AAC, HMP. 

(^). 

CHP. 

{'). 

BRI. 



MIR. 



PCI. 

FTX, HCL, HMP, S. 



S, SCP. 



NMC. 














CAS, 


GRL. 












HCL. 
HCL 
AGp', CON, ESS, 

LUR, NMC, PG 
BSW, CON, CP, 

NPR, PG, (2). 
HNT, NMC. 


GRL, 
, PNX 
ENJ, 1 


HEW 
HEW, 


, HIP, 
LEV, 


HNT 

NMC, 


HCL. 















See footnotes at end of table. 



12-11 



Section 12 



Table 37— Continued 



Surface-active agents for wliich U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1988 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to iist In tabic 38) 



Anionic — Continued 



Carboxylic acids (and salts tinereof)— Continued 
Potassium and sodium salts of fatty, rosin, and 

tall oil acids— Continued 
Hexyl(isonanoyl anide) carboxylic acid, trietlnanol- 

dlethianolamlne, mixed salts No 

Isonanolc acid, sodium salt No 

Isostearic acid, Isoproxy titanium salt No 

Laurie acid, potassium salt No 

Mixed vegetable fatty acids, potassium salt No 

Mixed vegetable fatty acids, sodium salt No 

Mixed wool grease and tall oil fatty acids No 

Neoalkoxy, trlneodecanoyl titanate No 

Neoalkoxy, trlneodecanoyl zirconate No 

Oleic acid, ammonium salt No 

Oleic acid, potassium salt No 

Oleic acid, sodium salt Yes 

Olive oil acids, sodium salt No 

Palmitic and stearic acids, sodium salt No 

Palm kernel oil acids, potassium salt No 

Palm kernel oil acids, sodium salt No 

Palm oil acids, sodium salt No 

Rosin acids, potassium salt Yes 

Rosin acids, sodium salt No 

Stearic acid, ammonium salt No 

Stearic acid, potassium salt Yes 

Stearic acid, sodium salt No 

Tall oil acids, mixed salts No 

Tall oil acids, potassium salt Yes 

Tall oil acids, sodium salt No 

Tallow acids, potassium salt No 

Tallow acids, sodium salt No 

All other potassium and sodium salts of fatty, rosin, and 

tall oil acids No 

Other carboxylic acids: 

All other carboxylic acids No 

Phosphoric and polyphosphorlo add esters (and salts 
thereof) : 
Alcohols and phenols, alkoxylated and phosphated; 
Ci2-C,5 alcohol, ethoxylated, propoxylated and 

phosphated No 

Butyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated No 

Decyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated Yes 

Decyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated, 

potassium salt No 

Dinonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated Yes 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated No 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and polyphosphated No 

Dodecylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated No 

2-Ethylhexanol and ethoxylated nonylphenol, 

polyphosphated No 

2-Ethylhexanol and ethoxylated nonylphenol, 

polyphosphated, sodium salt No 

2-Ethylhexanol, ethoxylated and phosphated No 

2-Ethylhexanol, ethoxylated, phosphated, 

potassium salt No 

Meta, para-cresol, ethoxylated and polyphosphated, 

neutralized No 



HCL. 

HCL. 

KPl. 

PG. 

EFH, GRL. 

NMC. 

SLM. 

KPl. 

KPl. 

CCC. 

BSW, CPC, HAL, HNT, PG, VKR, (=) . 

BSW, HAL, SCP. 

HNT. 

BRl. 

PG. 

NMC, PG. 

BSW. 

ARZ, PG, WVA, (2). 

ARZ, SLM, (2). 

BSW. 

AAC, CON, HEW, PNX. 

CON, LEV, NOC. 

WVA. 

CCC, CON, DAN, ESS, PER, HIP, HNT, 

PNX, WVA. 
CON, NMC, WVA, (2). 
AGP, PG, PNX. 
BSW, CON, CP, HEW, LEV, NMC, NPR, 

PG, (2). 

MOA, QCP, USR. 
WVA. 



GAP. 
GAP. 
BRl, GAP, MCP, OC, RPC, TCH. 



BRl. 

CPC, 

CPC, 

PG. 

GAP. 

CCC. 

CCC. 
ETC, 

BRl. 

GAP. 



ETC, GAP, PPG, WTC. 
ENJ, GAP, HCL, VKR. 



HCL, SCP, UTC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-12 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 37— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 
manufacturer, 198S 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list In table 38) 



Anionic— Continued 



Phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esters (and salts 
thereof) —Continued 
Alcohols and phenols, alkoxylated and 
phosphated— Continued 
Mixed linear alcohols, alkoxylated and phosphated, 

potassium salt No 

IVIIxed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and phosphated Yes 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and phosphated, 

sodium salt No 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated Yes 



Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated, 

diethanolamlne salt No 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated, sodium 

salt No 

g-Octadecenyl alcohol, ethoxylated and 

phosphated No 

Octylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated Yes 

Octylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated, 

magnesium salt No 

Phenol, ethoxylated and phosphated Yes 

Phenol, ethoxylated and phosphated, 

diethanolamlne salt .No 

Polyhydric alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated No 

Tridecyl alchol, ethoxylated and phosphated, 

polyalkylene polyamlne salt No 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated Yes 

All other alcohols and phenols, alkoxylated 

and phosphated or polyphosphated No 

Alcohols, phosphated or polyphosphated: 

Butoxyethyl phosphate No 

Butyl methyl pyrophosphate, ethlenedioxy titanium 

sait/N,N-dimethylamInoethylmethacrylate salt No 

Butyl methyl pyrophosphate, isopropoxy titanium 

salt, octyl phosphite adduct No 

Butyl phosphate No 

Butyl phosphate, potassium salt No 

Decyl and octyl phosphate Yes 

Decyl polyphosphate, sodium salt No 

Ethyl alcohol, phosphated, amine salt No 

2-Ethylhexyl phosphate No 

2-EthylhexyIphosphate, potassium salt No 

2-Ethylhexylphosphate, sodium salt No 

2-Ethylhexylpolyphosphate, sodium salt No 

Hexadecyldiphosphate No 

Hexadecylmonophosphate No 

Hexyl phosphate No 

Hexyl phosphate, potassium salt No 

Alcohols, phosphated or polyphosphated: 
N-2-(C5 to C,7)alkylamido-N-carboxyethyl, N-2- 
hydroxyethyl, 3-amino-2-hydroxypropyl phosphate, 

disodium salt No 

Isooctyl phosphate No 



PCI. 

AAC, CRT, ENJ, ETC, PER, FTX, GAP, 
HCL, HIP, HRT, LUR, MOA, MRV, PPG, 
RPC, TCH, VKR, WTC, (2), (2). 

CHP. 

AAC, ARL, CPC, CRT, CTL, DEX, ESS, 
ETC, GAP, GDC, HCL, HRT, LUR, 
MCP, MOA, DC, CMC, PEL, PPG, RPC, 
TCC, UTC, VKR, WTC. 

OMC, WTC. 

WTC. 

ETC, GAP, HCL, PPG. 
LUR, PPG, RH, RPC, WTC. 

CTL. 

ETC, GAP, LUR, MOA, PEL, PPG, WTC. 

AAC. 
DEX, GAP. 

P). 

CCL, DAN, DEX, ETC, GAP, HCL, HIP, 
MIL, VKR, WTC, (2), (2). 

DEX, ETC, PPG, SCP. 

AAC. 

KPI. 

KPI. 

HRT. 

DUP. 

APC, ENJ, ETC, HCL, SCP, SHX. 

CRD. 

UTC. 

APC, BRD, CHP, ETC, PER, FTX, GAP, 

HIP, MCP, OC, OMC, PPG, VKR. 
PCI. 

CHP, DAN, ENJ, PAT, S. 
DEX. 
('). 

ETC, FTX, HCL, ICI. 
ICI. 



MOA. 

BOE, BRI, QCP. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-13 



Section 12 

Table 37— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 38) 



Anionic— Continued 

Phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esters (and salts 
thereof) —Continued 
Alcohols, phosphated or polyphosphated— Continued 

Isooctyl phosphate, potassium salt No 

Methylbutyl pyrophosphate, ethylenedloxy titanium 

salt No 

Mixed alkyl phoshate, sodium salt No 

Mixed alkyl phosphate Yes 

Mixed alkyl phosphate, alkylamlne salt No 

Mixed alkyl phosphate, diethanolamlne salt No 

Mixed alkyl phosphate, potassium salt No 

Mixed alkyl phosphate, triethanolanlne salt No 

Neoalkoxy trls(dlootyl) pyrophosphate zlrconate No 

Octyl diphosphate, oxoethylene titanium salt No 

Octyl phosphate, alkylamlne salt No 

Octyl phosphate, Isoproxy titanium salt No 

Octyl phosphate neoalkoxy titanium salt No 

Octyl polyphosphate No 

Octyl polyphosphate, potassium salt No 

Octyl pyrophosphate, ethylenedloxy titanium salt No 

Octyl pyrophosphate, ethylenedloxy titanium 

salt/dimethylamino methacrylate salt No 

Octyl pyrophosphate, Isoproxy titanium salt No 

Octyl pyrophosphate neoalkoxy titanium salt No 

Octyl pyrophosphate, oxoethylenedioxy titanium 

salt No 

Tridecyl phosphate No 

Other phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esters; 

Blend of fatty and phosphate esters No 

Glycerol, ethoxylated and phosphated No 

Glycerol monoester of mixed fatty acids, 

phosphated No 

Polyoxyalkylate (fatty alcohol) , phosphate ester No 

Stearyl amine polyphosphoric acid, ethoxylated No 

All other phosphoric and polyphosphoric 

acid esters No 

Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof) : 
Alkylbenzenesulf onates : 
Dodecylbenzenesulf onates : 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid Yes 

Dodecylbenzenesulf onic acid, ammonium salt No 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, calcium salt Yes 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, diethanolamlne salt .... No 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, ethylenedlamlne salt ... No 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, Isopropanolamlne salt . . No 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, Isopropylamlne salt .... Yes 
Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, (mixed alkyl)amlne 

salt Yes 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, monoethanolamlne 

salt No 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, oleyl amine, 

ethoxylated, salt No 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, potassium salt No 



KPI. 
(^). 
CTL, DUP, HCL, OC, TCH, WTC, (=) 

DUP, SCP. 
HCL. 

n. 

KPI. 

KPI. 

(=)• 

KPI. 

KPI. 

DEX. 

DEX. 

KPI. 

KPI. 
KPI. 
KPI. 

KPI. 
HCL. 

MIL. 
(=). 

WTC. 
BAS. 
GDC. 

ENJ, MOA, WTC. 



AAC, EMK, ENJ, JLP, LEV, PIL, PLX, 

STP, TEN, VST, WTC, (^j . 
CCC, LEV, (2). 

HCL, ICI, RH, STP, TMH, WTC, {=). 
AAC. 
TCH. 
PIL, (2). 
CIN, ICI, KPI, PPG, STP, TCH, WTC, (2). 

ECC, FTX, HCL, HIP, (=) . 

AAC, RPC. 

HCL. 

BRI, GDC, MRV. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-14 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 37— Continued 

Surface-active agents for wfilch U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 38) 



Anionic— Continued 

Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof)— Continued 
AII<ylbenzenesulfonates— Continued 
Dodecylbenzenesulfonates— Continued 
Dodecylbenzenesulfonic add, sodium salt 



Yes 



Dodecylbenzenesulfonic add, triethanolamlne 

salt Yes 

All other dodecylbenzene sulfonates No 

Other alkylbenzenesulfonates: 

Benzene sulfonic add No 

Neoalkoxy, dodecylbenzene-sulfonyl titanate No 

Tridecylbenzenesulfonic acid No 

Trldecylbenzenesulfonlc acid, sodium salt No 

Benzene-, cumene-, toluene-, and xylenesulfonates; 

Cumenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt No 

Cumenesulfonic acid, sodium salt No 

Toluenesuifonic acid, potassium salt No 

Toluenesulfonic add, sodium salt No 

Toluene xylene sulfonic acid No 

Xylenesulfonlc add, ammonium salt No 

Xylenesulfonlc acid, sodium salt No 

All other benzene-, cumene-, toluene-, and 

xylenesulfonates No 

LIgnlnsulfonates: 

LIgnlnsulfonIc add, ammonium salt Yes 

Lignlnsulfonio add, calcium salt Yes 

LIgnlnsulfonIc acid, chromium salt No 

LIgnlnsulfonIc acid. Iron salt No 

LIgnlnsulfonIc add, magnesium salt No 

LIgnlnsulfonIc acid, mixed chromium and Iron salts No 

LIgnlnsulfonIc acid, potassium salt No 

LIgnlnsulfonIc add, sodium salt Yes 

LIgnlnsulfonIc acid, zinc salt No 

All other ligninsulfates No 

Naphthalenesulf onates : 

Butylnaphthalenesulfonic add, sodium salt No 

Di(Cs-C6 alkyl)naphthaienesulfonic add No 

Dibutylnaphthalenesuifonic acid No 

Diisopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt Yes 

Isopropylnaphthaienesulfpnic acid No 

Methyinaphthalenesulfonlc add, sodium salt No 

Methylnonyinaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt No 

Naphthalenesulf onic add, sodium salt, 

formaldehyde condensate No 

All other naphthalenesulfonates No 

Sulfonic acids having amide linkages: 
Sulfosuccinamic acid derivatives: 
N-(1 ,2-Dlcarboxyethyl)-N- 
octadecyisulfosuccinamlc acid, tetrasodlum salt ... No 

N-Octadecylsulfosuccinamic add, disodlum salt No 

Oleamldosulfosucdnamlc acid, disodlum salt No 

N-(Oleoyloxylsopropyl) sulfosuccinamic acid No 



AAC, APC, BLA, BOE, BRI, CP, CPC, 
CRT, CTL, DOW, DUP, ECC, JLP, LEV, 
NMC, PCI, PQ, PIL, PLX, PNX, STP, 
TEN, VKR, VST, WTC. 

AAC, BRD, BRI, CCC. CPC, CTL, ESS, 

FTX, MRV, PCI, PIL, STP, WTC. 
ENJ. 



WTC, 








KPl. 








CP. PLX. 






BLA, 


CMT, 


, CPC. 


NPR. PG. 


NES, 


SCP. 






NES, 


STP. 


WTC, 




NES. 








NES. 


PG. ' 


•ST. 




WTC, 








NES, 


PG. ! 


STP. WTC. 


AAC. 


iCI, 1 


^4ES. PIL. SHC. STP. WTC, 


SCP. 








MAR, 


PSP, 


RAY, 


SPA. 


FPC. 


LKY, 


MAR, 


PSP. 


IVIAR, 


PSP. 


RAY. 




IVIAR. 


PSP. 






MAR, 


RAY, 






PSP. 








PSP. 








MAR, 


PSP. 


WVA, 




ENJ, 


MAR. 


PSP. 




MAR. 








ECC, 


UDi. 






P). 








GAP, 


UDi. 






DUP, 


SCP. 


UDi. 




UDi. 








CPC, 


UDi. 






UDi. 








ICI. UDI. 






HAL, 


TCH. 






ACY. 


MOA 






ACY. 








SBC. 








WTC. 









See footnotes at end of table. 



12-15 



Section 12 

Table 37— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to iist in table 38) 



Anionic— Continued 

Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof)— Continued 
Sulfonic acids having amide linkages— Continued 
Taurine derivatives: 
N- (Coconut oil acyl)-N-methyltaurine, sodium salt ... No 

N-Cyclohexyl-N-palmitoyltaurine, sodium salt No 

N-Methyl-N-oleoyltaurine, sodium salt No 

N-Methyl-N-palmltoyltaurine, sodium salt No 

N-Methyl-N-(tall oil acyl)taurine, sodium salt No 

All other sulfonic acids having amide linkages No 

Sulfonic acids having ester or ether linkages: 
Sulfosuccinic acid esters: 
Sulfosuccinic acid, bis (dilsobutyl) ester, 

amidodisodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, bis(2,6-dimethyl-4-heptyl)- 

ester, sodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, bls(2-ethylhexyl)ester, 

sodium salt Yes 

Sulfosuccinic acid, dihexyl ester, sodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, dilsobutyl ester, sodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, diisodecyl ester, sodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, diisooctyl ester, sodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, dioctyi ester, sodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, dipentyl ester, sodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, ditridecyl ester, sodium 

salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, (iauryl polyethylene glycol 

ether) ester, disodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, (coconut oil alkyl)- 

iminoisopropanol half-ester, sodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, lanolin ester, disodium 

salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, iauramidomonoethanoiamine, 

disodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, monolaureth ester, disodium 

salt Yes 

Sulfosuccinic acid, monooleamidopolyethyleneglycol 

ester, disodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, myristyi ester, disodium 

monoethanolamine salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, oleamidopolyethyleneglycol, 

disodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, riclnoleamide 

monoethanolamine disodium salt No 

All other sulfosuccinic acid esters No 

All other sulfonic acids having ester or linkages: 
Coconut oil adds, 2-sulfoethyl ester, sodium salt .... No 

Dodecyldlphenyloxidedlsulfonic acid No 

Dodecyldiphenyloxidedlsulfonic acid, disodium salt .... No 

Dodecyl sulfoacetate, sodium salt No 

Glycerol monostearate sulfoacetate, sodium salt .... No 

Hexyloxypropanesulfonic acid, sodium salt No 

2-Hydroxy, 3-(lauryl-myrlstyl) (oxy-1 propane sulfonic 

acid) , sodium salt No 



FTX, GAF. 

GAF. 

CPC, FTX, GAF, HCL. 

GAF. 

CCC, GAF, WVA. 

HCL. 



MOA. 
MOA, NSC. 

AAC, ACY, AMU, APX, BRl, CCC. CHP, 
CRT, ECC, EMK, ENJ, FTX, HCL, HDG, 
MCP, MOA, MRV, RH, RPC, WTC. 

ACY, FTX, MOA. 

FTX. 

ACY. 

ARI, SOS. 

MOA. 

ACY. 

ACY, MOA. 

SHX. 

MOA. 

AAC. 

AAC. 

AAC, MIR, MOA. 

SCP. 

WTC. 

MOA. 

AAC. 

MOA, SHX, WTC. 

FTX, GAF, HDG, LEV, PPG. 

(^). 

CTL. 

STP. 

WTC. 

WTC. 

PG. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-16 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 37— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 
manufacturer, 1988 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 38) 



Anionic— Continued 



Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof)— Continued 
Sulfonic acids having ester or ether iinl<ages— Continued 
All other sulfonic acids having ester or llni<ages:— Cont. 
iso-octyphenoi, ethoxyiated and sulfonated, 

sodium salt No 

Petroieumsulfonio acid, calcium salt No 

Ail other sulfonic acids with ether linkages No 

Other sulfonic acids: 

AiiyI sulfonate, sodium salt No 

Diphenyisulfone sulfonic acid, potassium salt No 

Mixed ail<anesulfonlc acid No 

iVIixed allcane sulfonic acid, sodium salt No 

Mixed linear olefin sulfonate No 

n-Octanesulfonic acid, sodium salt No 

Petroieumsulfonio acid, water soluble (acid layer), 

sodium salt No 

All other sulfonic acids No 

Sulfuric acid esters (and salts thereof) : 
Acids, amides, and esters, sulfated: 
Coconut oil acids-ethanolamine salt, sulfated, 

potassium salt No 

Mixed alkyi phenol sulfate, ethoxyiated, 

triethanolamlne salt No 

Carboxyiic acid esters (except natural fats and 
oils), sulfated: 
Esters of sulfated oleic acid: 

Butyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt Yes 

Isopropyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Methyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Oleic acid, sulfated No 

Oleic acid, sulfated, disodlum salt No 

Oleic acid, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Propyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Other sulfated esters: 
Glycerol monoester of coconut oil acids, 

sulfated, sodium salt No 

9-Octadecenyl acetate, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Tall oil acids, oxobottom ester, sulfated, 

sodium salt No 

Tali oil acids, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Alcohols, sulfated: 

Decyl sulfate, sodium salt Yes 

Dodecyi sulfate salts: 

Dodecyl sulfate, ammonium salt Yes 

Dodecyi sulfate, diethanoiamine salt No 

Dodecyl sulfate, N,N-diethylcyciohexyiamIne salt .... No 

Dodecyi sulfate, Isopropanolamlne salt No 

Dodecyl sulfate, magnesium salt Yes 

Dodecyl sulfate, potassium salt No 

Dodecyl sulfate, sodium salt Yes 

Dodecyl sulfate, triethanolamlne salt Yes 

3,9-Diethyl-6-tridecyl sulfate, sodium salt No 

2-Ethylhexyl sulfate, sodium salt Yes 

7-Ethyl-2-methyi-4-undecyl sulfate, sodium salt No 

Hexadecyl sulfate, sodium salt No 

Mixed linear alcohols, sulfated, ammonium salt No 

Mixed linear alcohols sulfated, mixed 

sodlum/cocodlethanoiamlne salts No 

Mixed linear alcohols, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Mixed linear alcohols, sulfated, triethanolamlne salt .... Yes 



GAP, RH. 

WTC. 

PG. 

ARD. 
UPF. 

AAC, DUP, PPG, S, SLM, WTC, WVA, 

STP. 
(^). 

PIL. 

CGY, CLU, HAL. 



EMK, ENJ. 
MIL.- 



HIP, ICi, LUR, MCP, MRV, NSC. 

DEX. 

ICi. 

ACT. 

MCP. 

ACY, CIN. 

MRV. 



CP. 
DUP. 



LUR. 
ICi. 



ARI, SCP, WTC. 



AAC, 

BRD, 

DUP. 

JRG. 

AAC, 

PG. 

AAC, 

AAC, 

NCC, 

AAC, 

NCC. 

AAC, 

AAC, 



BRD, LEV, STP, TNI, WTC, (^) . 
DUP, JRG, STP. 



BRD, PG, STP. 

BRD, DUP, STP, WTC. 

BRD, STP, TNI. 

SCP. 

BRD, NCC, PCI, WTC. 

MIL, SCP. 

CP, SCP, WTC, (2). 



AAC. 

DUP, PG, S, SCP, WTC. 

AAC, PG, SCP, WTC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-17 



Section 12 

Table 37— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to iist In table 38) 



Anionic— Continued 

Sulfuric add esters (and salts thereof)— Continued 
Alcohols, sulfated— Continued 

Octyl sulfate, sodium salt No 

Oleyl sulfate, sodium salt No 

Oxoaicohol bottoms, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Tridecyi sulfate, sodium salt No 

All other linear alcohols, sulfated No 

Ethers, sulfated: 
Alkylphenols, ethoxylated and sulfated; 

(Mixed alkyl)phenoi, ethoxylated and sulfated, 
sodium salt No 

1-Naphthoi, ethoxylated and sulfated, free acid No 

Nonyiphenoi, ethoxylated and sulfated, ammonium 
salt No 

Nonyiphenoi, ethoxylated and sulfated, sodium salt . . No 

Ootylphenoxy polyethoxy ethyl sulfate No 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

ammonium salt No 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

sodium salt Yes 

Dodecyl and tetradecyl alcohols, ethoxylated and 

sulfated, ammonium salt No 

Isobutanol, ethoxylated and sulfated, ammonium salt . . No 
Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

ammonium salt No 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and sulfated, 
diethanolamlne salt No 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and sulfated, 
sodium salt Yes 

Tridecyi alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

sodium salt No 

All other sulfated ethers No 

Natural fats and oils, sulfated: 
Castor oil, sulfated, sodium salt Yes 

Coconut oil, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Cod oil, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Grease, other than wool, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Herring oil, sulfated No 

Herring oil, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Lard, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Mixed animal and vegetable oil, sulfated, sodium salt . . No 

Mixed fish oils, sulfated, ammonium salt No 

Mixed fish oils, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Mixed vegetable oils, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Mixed vegetable oils, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Neat's foot oil, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Peanut oil, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Pecan oil, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Soybean oil, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Sulfated animal fats and oils, all other No 

Sulfated fish and marine fat oils, all other No 

Synthetic fatty alcohol ester, sulfated, sodium salt .... No 



AAC, DUP. 

DUP. 

WVA. 

AAC. 

PG. 



TCH. 

GAP, RPC, STP. 
GAP, WTC. 
RH. 

AAC, MOA, STP. 

AAC, SCP, STP. 

PG, (2). 
(^)- 

AAC, BRD, PG, SCP, SHC, STP, VST, 

WTC, (2), n. 

SCP. 

AAC, BRD, DUP, GAP, PG, PIL, SCP, 
SHC, STP, VST, WTC, WVA. 

AAC, BRD. 
PG, SHX. 

ACT, ACY, ARI, ARL, CRT, DEX, HIP, 
ICI, LUR, MRV, S, SCP, SLM, WHW. 
ACY. 
WHW. 
WHW. 
SLM. 

ARI, SLM, WHW. 
CIN, CRT, LUR, WHW. 
SLM. 
CIN. 

SLM, WHW. 
LUR. 
CPC. 

ARI, WHW. 
ACY, LUR. 
CRT. 

ACT, WHW. 
WVA. 
ARI, LUR. 
SLM. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-18 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 37— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 36) 



Anionic— Continued 

Sulfuric acid esters (and salts thereof)— Continued 

Natural fats and oils, sulfated— Continued 

Tall oil, sulfated, ammonia salt No 

Tall oil, sulfated, sodium salt Yes 

Tallow, sulfated, sodium salt Yes 

Ail other natural fats and oils, sulfated No 

All other sulfuric acid esters No 

Other anionic surface-active agents: 

Alkyialcohol ethoxyiated and carbonated, sodium salt No 

Ethoxylated acetic acid, sodium salt No 

Haif-phthalic acid ester of tallow 

aii<anoiamide/monogiyceride No 

LIgnin, sodium salt No 

Mixed aipha-olefins and vegetable No 

iViixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and carbonated, 

sodium salt No 

Nonyiphenol, ethoxyiated and carbonated, sodium salt ... No 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxyiated and carbonated, 

sodium salt No 

All other anionic surface-active agents No 

Cationic 

Amine oxides and oxygen-containing amines (except 
those having amide llnl<ages): 
Acyclic: 

3-(C,2-C,s aikyloxyl-l-propanamine No 

3-(C,2-C,e aii<yloxy)-1-propanamine No 

N-(Ci2-Cie alkyi)oxypropyl trimethylene diamine No 

Bis-(2-hydroxyethyi)lsodecyloxypropylamlne oxide No 

N,N-Bls(2-hydroxyethyi)octadecylamlne Yes 

N,N-Bls(2-hydroxyethyi) (tallow aikyl)amlne Yes 

tert-Butylbenzylamine No 

Cocoamidopropyl dimethyl amine No 

(Coconut oil alkyl) amine, ethoxylated Yes 

(Coconut oil aikyl)amlne, ethoxylated, acetate No 

(Coconut oil aikyljamlne, ethoxylated and 

phosphated No 

Coconut oil alkyl amine, propoxylated No 

CocoyI amidopropyl dimethyiamlne oxide No 

DIethylenetrlamlne, alkoxylated No 

N,N-Dlmethyidecylamine oxide No 

N,N-Dimethyldodecylamine oxide No 

N,N-Dlmethylhexadecyiamine oxide No 

N,N-Dlmethyi (mixed aikyljamlne oxide No 

N,N-Dimethyl oleyi amide oxide No 

DImethyitetradecyiamine oxide No 

Di(pyrroiidonyiethyi)imine No 

Ethylene diamine, ethoxylated No 

Hexyloxypropyiamine No 

(Hydrogenated tallow aikyl)amine, ethoxylated Yes 

N- (2-Hydroxyethyi) -N , N ' , N ' -tris (2-hydroxypropyl) - 

ethylenediamine No 

2-lmidazoiine-1-(2-aminoethyl)-2-(tall oil alkyl), 

ethoxyiated No 



CIN. 

ACT, ARI, CIN, LUR, WTC. 

ARI, CCC, LUR, NSC, WHW. 

TEN. 

BFP, SCP. 

MIL. 
S. 

EFH. 
WVA. 
SLM. 

S. 
WTC. 



DUP, ENJ, MOA, S, WVA. 



ENJ. 

ENJ. 

ENJ. 

ENJ. 

ARC, PPG, SHX. 

ARC, ENJ, HCL, PPG, SHX. 

HXL. 

PPG, (=). 

ARC, ENJ, ETC, ICI. PPG, SHX, SVC, 

TCH, WTC, (2), (2). 
BRD. 

SHX. 
SCP. 
(^). 



CTL, 
ARC, 
S. 
SCP. 

n- 

PCI. 
KPI. 
DUP, 
ARC, 

(^)- 



PG, PPG, SHX, (2). 
BRD, PG, PPG. 



ENJ. 

ENJ, ETC, SHX, WTC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-19 



Section 12 



Table 37— Continued 



Surface-active agents for wliicli U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 
manufacturer, 1988 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in tabie 38) 



Catlonic— Continued 



Amine oxides and oxygen-containing amines (except 
those having amide llnl<ages)— Continued 
Acyclic— Continued 

Isodecyloxypropylamlne No 

Isodecyloxy propylamine, ethoxylated No 

3-(3-lsodecyloxy)propylaminopropyl amine No 

N-lsodecyloxypropyl trimethylene diamine No 

Isodioycloxypropyl amine propoxylated acetate No 

lsopropoxy-tris(2-ethylenediamino)ethyl titanate No 

Isotridecyloxypropylamlne No 

N-lsotrldecyloxypropyl trimethylene diamine No 

3- (Mixed alkoxy) propylamine, ethoxylated oxides No 

3-(3-Mixed alkoxy) propylamlnopropyl amine No 

(Mixed alkyl)amine, ethoxylated No 

Neoalkoxy, trl(m-amlno) -phenyl titanate No 

Neoalkoxy, tris(m-amino)-phenyl zlrconate No 

Neoalkoxy, tris(ethylenediamino) zlrconate No 

(9-Octadecenyl) amine, ethoxylated Yes 

Octadecylamlne, ethoxylated Yes 

Octyldimethylamine oxide No 

Poly ether amine, ethoxylated No 

Poly ethylenepoly amine, alkoxylated No 

Polylmine, propoxylated No 

1 ,3-Propanedlamine, alkoxylated No 

(Soybean oil alkyl)amine, ethoxylated Yes 

(Tallow alkyl) amine, ethoxylated Yes 

N-(Tallow alkyl)trlmethylenedlamine, ethoxylated Yes 

[Tallow ethyl alkyl] amine, ethoxylated, sulfate No 

N,N,N',N'-Tetrakls(2-hydroxyethyl)ethylenedlamine ... No 
N , N , N ' , N ' -Tetrakis ( 2-Hydroxy ethyl ) ethy lenediamlne , 

propoxylated No 

N , N , N ' , N' -Tetrakis (2-hydroxypropyl) - 

ethylenedlamine, propoxylated and ethoxylated No 

3-(3-Tridecyloxy)propylaminopropyl amine No 

Triethanolamlne, ethoxylated , No 

Triethanolamine phosphate ester No 

Triethanolamlne salicylate No 

All other acyclic amine oxides and oxygen-contalnlng 

amines (except those with amide linkages) No 

Cyclic: 

Aniline, ethoxylated No 

2-Butenedlolc acid-(g)-dlamlne-1-(2-amlnoethyl)- 

2- (tall oil alkyl) -2-lmldazollne condensate No 

2,5-Dimethoxyanillne, ethoxylated No 

2-Heptadecyl-1,4-hydroxymethyl-4-ethyl-2- 

oxazollne No 

N-Hexadecylmorphollne No 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-1 ,2-dlphenylethylenedlamlne No 

1-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nonyl-2-lmidazollne Yes 

1-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(coconut oil alkyl) -2- 

Imidazollne No 

1-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(soya oil alkyl)-2- 

Imidazollne No 

1-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(tall oil alkyl)-2- 

Imldazoline Yes 

1-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-(tall oil alkyl) Imidazoline, 

fatty acid salt No 



ENJ. 

ENJ. 

SHX. 

ENJ. 

SHX. 

KPI. 

ENJ. 

ENJ. 

SHX. 

SHX. 

ICI, RH, SHX, (=). 

KPI. 

KPI. 

KPI. 

ETC, GAP, HCL, SHX, TCH, (^) . 

ARC, ETC, TCH, WTC. 

HNT. 

RH. 

BAS. 

TCH. 

SHX. 

ARC, ENJ, ETC, GAF, JTO, PPG, SHX. 

ARC, BAS, DUP, ENJ, ETC, GAF, JTO, 

PPG, S, SHX, TCH, WTC, («), (=). 
RC, ENJ, ETC, GAF, JTO, (2). 
ETC, RPC. 
PPG, C). 

HCL. 

BAS, PPG. 

SHX 

ETC, MIL, TCH. 

(^). 

RSA. 

ARC, BAS, HIL, JTO, LUR, PG, SVC, 
WTC. 



(^). 
MIL. 

BRD. 
BRD. 
MIR. 
BRD, MIR, MOA, PPG. SHX, WTC. 

BRD, FTX, MOA. 

MIR. 

BRD, HOG, MIR, MOA, (2). 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-20 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 37— Continued 

Surface-active agents for wliichi U.S. production and/or saies were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1988 



Surface-active agents 



Separate h/lanufacturers' identification codes 
statistics ' (according to list In table 38) 



Cat ionic— Continued 



Amine oxides and oxygen-containing amines (except 
those having amide linkages)— Continued 
Cyclic- Continued 

Lignin amine No 

Rosin amine, ethoxylated No 

m-Toluldine, ethoxylated No 

All other cyclic amine oxides and oxygen-containing 

amines (except those having amine llnl<ages) No 

Amines and amine oxides having amide linkages: 
Carboxyiic acid - diamine and poly amine condensates: 
Acetic acid, amides with polyalkylene poly amines, 

salt No 

Ail other carboxyiic acld-diamine and polyamine 

condensates No 

IVIixed fatty acids-polyaikylenepolyamine 

condensate No 

Naphthenic acids-polyaikyiene poiyamlne 

condensate No 

Naphthenic aclds-taii oil fatty acids- 

polyaikylene poiyamlne condensate No 

2-Nor-tall oil alkyi-1-tall oil amido-ethyi 

imidazoline No 

Oleic acid-diethylenetrlamlne condensate No 

Oleic acid-N , N-dlmethy itrimethylenedlamine 

condensate No 

Peiargonic acid-tetraethyienepentamlne 

condensate No 

Stearic acid-diethylenetrlamlne condensate No 

Stearic acid-diethylenetrlamlne condensate, ethyl 

sulfate No 

Stearic acld-N , N-dlethy iethylenedlamine 

condensate No 

Stearic acld-ethyienediamine condensate No 

Stearic acid mixed amine condensate No 

Stearic acid-tetraethyienepentamlne condensate No 

Tall oil acids/aminoethylplperazine condensate No 

Tall oil acids-dlethylenetrlamlne condensate No 

Tall oil acids-polyalkylenepolyamlne condensate No 

Tall oil acids-polyalkylene polyamine condensate, 

salts, with dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid and/or 

tali oil fatty acids No 

Tallovi^ fatty acids-amlnoethylethanoiamine 

condensates No 

Carboxyiic acid - diamine and polyamine condensates, 

alkoxylated: 
Mixed fatty aclds-alkylenediamine condensate, 

polyethoxyiate No 

Palm oil aclds-ethylenediamine condesate, 

monoethoxyiated No 

Stearic acid-ethylenedlamine condensate, 

monoethoxyiated No 

Stearic acld-ethyienediamine condensate, 

polyethoxyiated No 

All other carboxyiic acid - diamine and polyamine 

condensates alkoxylated No 

Other amines and amine oxides having amide linkages: 

3-Cocoamido-N,N-dimethyl propylamine oxide No 

Cocoamldopropyl dimethyl amine oxide No 

N,N'-(DI-tall oil acid)amldoethylamlne No 



WVA. 
HPC, (2). 
MIL. 



(^). 

ARI, iCI, MOA. 

TCH. 

(^). 

(^). 

SHX. 
ICI. 

CCW. 



ETC, HCL, ICI, OC. 

ARC, ARI, CRT, OC, PPG, SOP, SQA. 



GDC. 



s. 

CLD, 

HCL. 

{')■ 

ENJ. 

WTC 

PER, 


SOS. 

, WVA 
WVA, 


>). 


(^). 






OC. 






SHX, 


WTC. 




FTX. 






DEX, 


ENJ, 


GDC, ICI, SLC 


APC. 






SCP. 






PPG. 
AAC, 


PAT, 


SBC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-21 



Section 12 

Table 37— Continued 

Surface-active agents for wliich U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in tabie 38) 



Cationic— Continued 

Amines and amine oxides fiaving amide iinl<ages: 
Otlner amines and amine oxides fiaving amide linl<ages 
— Continued 
1-(2-Hydrogenated tallow amidoetiiyl)-2- 

nor(hydrogenated tallow) -2-imidazoline No 

3-Lauramido-N,N-dimetliyipropylamine oxide No 

Oieamidopropyldimethyl amine No 

Stearamidoethyldiethylamine No 

Stearamidoethylethanoiamine acetate No 

Stearic acid, diettianolamine condensate, metliyl 

sulfate No 

Stearyiamidopropyldimetliyl amine No 

Amines, not containing oxygen (and salts tliereof): 
Amine salts: 

N.N-Dimethyl-N-alkylamine pliosphate No 

(Hydrogenated tallow alkyl) amine acetate No 

(Mixed alkyiyamine phosphate No 

Octadecylamine acetate No 

(Tallow alkyl) amine acetate No 

N-(Taiiow aikyljtrlmethylenedlamlne acetate No 

All other amine salts (not containing oxygen) No 

Diamines and polyamines: 
imidazoline derivatives: 

1-(2-Aminoethyl)-2-naphthenyl-2-imidazoline No 

1-(2-Aminoethyl)-2-nor(tail oil alkyl)-2- 

Imidazoline No 

N-(Coconut oil alkyl)trimethyienediamlne No 

N-(Dimeracidaikyl)trimethylenediamine No 

N-(Docosyl and eicosyi)trimethyienediamine No 

2-Heptadecyl-2-imidazoline No 

N-(iVlixed aikyljpoiyethylenepolyamine No 

N-(9-Octadecenyi)trimethylenediamine No 

Polyalicyclene polyamines and salts and quats No 

Polyamine/tail oil imidazoline No 

1-Propanamine, 3-(C,2-Ci5 alkoxy derivatives) No 

N-(Soybean oil alkyl)trimethylenediamine No 

Stearamidoethyl-2-heptadecyl imidazoline No 

3-(Tall oil amlno)propyl amine No 

N-( Tallow alkyl) dipropylenetriamlne No 

N-(Taliow alkyl)trimethylenediamine No 

All other diamines and polyamines No 

Primary monoamines: 

Alkyl dimethyl amine oxide No 

Arachidylbehenylalkyi amine No 

(Coconut oil alkyl) amine No 

DimeracidalkyI amine No 

Dodecylamine No 

[Erucyl alkyl] amine No 

Hexadecylamine No 

(Hydrogenated tallow alkyl) amine Yes 

(Mixed alkyl)amine No 

9-Octadecenyiamine Yes 

Octadecylamine No 

(Soybean oil alkyl) amine Yes 

(Tallow alkyl) amine No 

All other primary monoamines No 



SHX. 

FTX, SQA. 

WM. 

S. 

S. 

DUP. 
AAC, WM. 



(^). 

ARC. 

(^). 

ARC, HCL. 

ARC, (2). 

ARC. 

SHX. 



(^). 

WTC, (2). 

ARC, JTO, SHX. 

ENO. 

ENO. 

CGY, SCO. 

CCW. 

ARC, JTO, SHX. 

(=). 

WTC. 

SHX. 

ENO. 

ICI. 

SHX. 

ENJ, SHX. 

ARC, ENJ, JTO. 

ARC, JTO, SHX, (2). 



HCL. 
ENO. 
ARC, 
ENO, 
ARC, 
ENO. 
ARC, 
ARC, 
JTO, 
ARC, 
ENO, 
ARC, 
ARC, 
ARC. 



ENO, SHX, WTC. 

WTC. 

SHX. 

ENO, WTC. 

ENJ, ENO, JTO, SHX, WTC. 

SHX, WTC. 

ENO, JTO, SHX, WTC. 

SHX, WTC. 

ENO, JTO. 

ENJ, ENO, JTO, SHX, WTC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-22 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 37— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to iist In table 38) 



Catlonic— Continued 

Amines, not containing oxygen (and salts thereof)— Cont. 

Secondary and tertiary monoamines: 

Bis (coconut oil aikyljamine No 

Bis(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amlne No 

1-Decanamine, N,N-didodecyl No 

N,N-Dimethylbemenylarachldyl amine No 

N,N-Dimethyl (coconut oil all<yl)amine No 

N,N-Dlmethyldodecylamlne No 

N,N-Dimethylhexadecylamine No 

N,N-Dimethyl(hydrogenated tallow all<yl)amine No 

N,N-Dimethyi (mixed aikyljamine No 

N,N-Dimethyl(9-octadecenyl-alkyl)amine No 

N,N-Dimethyloctadecylamine No 

N,N-Dimethyl (soybean oil alkyl) amine No 

N,N-Dimethyl (tallow alkyl)amine No 

N,N-Dlmethyltetradecylamine No 

N-Methylbis (coconut oil alkyl)amine No 

N-l\/lethylbis(hydrogenated tallow aikyljamine No 

Methyl didecyiamine No 

N-Methyldioctadecylamine No 

Trilsodecylamine No 

Trilauryiamlne No 

Tri(mlxed aikyljamine No 

Trioctylamine No 

Tri(tridecylj amine No 

All other secondary and tertiary monoamines No 

Oxygen-containing quaternary ammonium salts: 

3-Alanine-N- (2-hydroxyethyl j -N-2 , 1 - [ [oxococoyi] 
amino] ethyl, sodium salt No 

2- (C,3-C,7-Alkyl) -1 - (C,4-C,a-amidoethyl j (4,5- 
dihydro-3-methyljimidazolinium, methyl sulfate No 

(2-Amlnoethylj ethyl (hydrogenated tallow alkyll(2- 
hydroxyethylj ammonium ethyl sulfate No 

Benzyl (polyoxyethylene octadecylaminej ammonium 
chloride with benzyl (polyoxyethylene taliowaminej 
ammonium chloride No 

Benzyl (coconut oil alkyljbis(2-hydroxyethyl)- 
ammonium chloride No 

1-Benzyl-1-(2-hydroxyethylj-2-nor(tall oil alkylj-2- 
Imidazoline No 

Benzyl (tallow alkyi j bis (2-hydroxyethyl) ammonium 
chloride No 

Bis ( N-amidopropyl j -N , N-dimethyl-N-ethylammonium 
ethyl sulfate, dimer acid No 

Bis ( N , N ' -ethyl ( steario/arachidic/behenic j amide j - 
cyanoethyl ethylammonium ethosulfate No 

Bis (2-hydroxyethyl , ethoxylatedj - 
methyloctadecylammonlum chloride No 

Bis-2-hydroxyethyl-hydrogenated tallow-ethyl 
sulfate No 

Bis-2-hydroxyethyl-octyl-methyl-p-toluene sulfonate .... No 

(Coconut oil alkyljbis(2-hydroxyethyI, ethoxylatedj- 
methylammonium chloride Yes 

(Coconut oil alkyl)-bis-(hydroxyethyljmethyl 
ethoxylated mono- (2-carboxyethylj ether methyl 
sulfate, potassium salt No 

Coconut oil fatty acid polyoxyethylene No 



ARC. 




ARC. 




SHX. 




WTC. 




ARC, PG. 




ARC, SHX, 


TNA, WTC. 


ARC, SHX. 




ARC, CPC. 




BRD, JTO, 


SHX. 


ENO. 




ARC, ENO, 


SHX, WTC, 


ARC, JTO, 


WTC. 


ENO. 




BRD, SHX. 




ARC, SHX. 




ARC, ENO, 


SHX, WTC 


TNA. 




ARC, SHX. 




SCP. 




SCP. 




SHX. 




SCP, SHX. 




SHX. 




ARC, ENO, 


SHX. 


SHX. 




DOW, SVC 




OC. 




S. 




ARC, (2). 




SHX, (2]. 




DUP. 




SBC. 




PCI. 




SHX. 




ICI. 




HXL. 




ENJ, GAP, 


SHX. 


SVC. 




S. 





See footnotes at end of table. 



12-23 



Section 12 



Table 37— Continued 



Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 
manufacturer, 1988 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to iist in tabie 38) 



Cat ionic— Continued 



Oxygen-containing quaternary ammonium salts— Continued 

Dimethyl dodecyl ethyl ammonium ether sulfate No PCI. 

DIstearyldimethyl ammonium methosulfate No HXL. 

Ethanamlnium , 2-hydroxy-N , N-bis (2-hydroxyethyl) -N- 

methyl-, salt with silicic acid No TCH. 

Ethoxylated(hydrogenated tallow amine), methyl 

ammonium chloride No ENJ. 

Ethoxylated, quaternized reaction product of 

formaldehyde and tallow diamine No ENJ. 

Ethoxylated tallow amine, potassium propionate 

derivative No SVC. 

N-Ethyl-N, N-bis (polyoxyethylene)tallow ammonium 

ethyl sulfate No SHX. 

1 -Ethyl-2- (8-heptadecenyl) -1 - (2-hydroxyethyl) -2- 

imldazolinlum ethyl sulfate No ICI, SHX. 

N-Ethyl-N-hexadecylmorpholinium ethyl sulfate No BRD, iCI. 

Ethyl ( poly oxyethylene, cocoamine) ethylsulfate No S. 

N-Ethyl-N- (soybean oil alkyl)morpholinium ethyl 

sulfate No ICI, PCH. 

a-Gluconamldopropyl dimethy-2-hydroxyethyl 

ammonium chloride No VND. 

(2-Hy droxyethyl ) dimethyl ( 3-stearamldopropyl) - 

ammonium dihydrogen phosphate No ACY. 

(2-Hydroxyethyl) dimethyl (3-stearamidopropyl) - 

ammonium nitrate No ACY. 

Hydroxyethyl-2-undecyl-2,3-imidazoline No MCA. 

N-2-hydroxy propyl-n-methyl-N,n-blstallow amide 

ethyl ammonium ethyl sulfate No SHX. 

Imldazolinlum , 1 -carboxymethyl ) -4 , 5-dihydro- 1 - 

(hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(cocoalkyl) , hydroxides, 

monosodlum salts No SHX. 

Imldazolinlum , 1 - (carboxymethyl) -2-heptyl-1 - (2- 

hydroxy ethyl) , hydroxide, sodium salt No SHX. 

Isostearamidopropyl dimethyiamino glycolate No SBC. 

(3-Lauramldopropyl)trimethylammonium methyl 

sulfate No ACY. 

Methyl, bls-(2-hydroxyethyl) 

Isodecyloxypropylammonium chloride No ENJ. 

Methyl, bls-(2-hydroxyethyl) 

Isotrldecyloxypropylammonium chloride No ENJ. 

Methyl, bis-(2-hydroxyethyl) soyaali<ylammonlum 

chloride No ENJ. 

Methyl dioleyl ethoxy ammonium methyl sulfate No SHX. 

Methyl-ditallowlmldazolinlum methosulfate No SVC. 

1-Methyl-2-(8-heptadecenyl)-1-(9-octadecenyl) 

amldo ethyl No SHX. 

N-Methyl-N-polyoxyethylene-N, N-bis (hydrogenated 

tallow amldoethyl) ammonium No SHX. 

N-Methyl-N-polyoxyethylene-N , N-bIs (tallow 

amidoethyl) No SHX. 

Methyltallowdiethylenetriamine condensate , 

poly ethoxylated, methyl sulfate No SVC. 

Methyltallowdiethylenetriamine condensate , 

polypropoxylated, methyl sulfate No SVC. 

Mixed alkyl Imidazoline derivative, ethoxylated No MO A. 

Mixed (coco and soya fatty acids), reaction products 

with chloromethane and dlethylenetriamine, 

ethoxylated, quaternized No ENJ. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-24 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 37— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to iist in tabie 38) 



Cationic— Continued 

Oxygen-containing quaternary ammonium salts— Continued 
Mixed fatty acid amide with diethylene triamine/ethyl 

sulfate No 

N-Octadecyi-N , N-dl (2-hydroxyethyl) -N- 

methylammonium chloride No 

Polyethyleneimine methyl ammonium sulfate No 

Polypropoxy diethylmethyi ammonium chloride No 

1 -Propanaminium , N-ethyl-N , N-dimethyl-3- ( 1 - 

oxooctadecyl) amino-, ethyl sulfate No 

Soya fatty acids, reaction products with 
chioromethame and diethyienetriamine, ethoxylated, 

quaternized No 

Soya fatty acids, reaction products with 
chloromethane and diethyienetriamine, 

propoxylated, quaternized No 

Stearamidopropyidlmethylceterylammonium tosylate 

and propylene glycol No 

Stearylamldopropyl dimethyl myristyl acetate 

ammonium chloride No 

(Tallow all<yl)amine, ethoxylated, diethosuifate No 

(Tallow alkyi)-bis-(2-hydroxyethyi)methyiammonium 

chloride No 

Tallow amine, ethoxylated, quarternary ammonium salt . . No 

Tetra Butyl ammonium hydrogen sulfate No 

All other oxygen-containing quaternary ammonium 

salts (except those having amide linkages) No 

All other oxygen-containing quaternary 

ammonium salts No 

Quaternary ammonium salts, not containing oxygen: 
Acyclic: 

Bis (coconut oil alkyi)dlmethylammonium chloride Yes 

Bis(hydrogenated tallow alkyi)dimethyiammonium 

chloride Yes 

Bls{hydrogenated tallow alkyl)- 

dimethylammoniummethyl sulfate No 

Bis (tallow alkyl)dimethylammonium chloride No 

N-(Cocoamidopropyi-N,N-acetic acid) 

ammonium salt No 

Cocodimethyl ethyl ammonium ethyl sulfate No 

N-[(Coconut oil aikyi) amino] butyric acid, sodium salt . . Yes 

Dicocodlmethyl ammonium methyl sulfate No 

DIdecyldimethylammonium chloride No 

Dlmethyidi(C,2-C,e) ammonium chloride (mixed 

straight and branched chains) No 

Dimetnyldloctadecylammonium choride No 

Dimethyl(soya alkyl) ammonium ethyl sulfate No 

N,N-Dioctyl-N,N-dimethyl ammonium chloride No 

Ditallowamidoammonium sulfate No 

Dodecyltrimethylammonium chloride No 

Ethyldlmethyi(mlxed alkyl) ammonium ethyl sulfate No 

Ethylhexadecyldimethyiammonium bromide No 

Hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide Yes 

Hexadecyltrimethylammonium chloride No 

Hexane-1 ,6-bis(trlbutyl ammonium bromide) No 

(Hydrogenated tallow alkyijtrimethylammonium 

chloride No 

Hydroxypropyl ammonium cyano acetate No 



SHX. 
HCL. 
WTC. 

SBC. 



ENJ. 

VND. 

VND. 
ETC. 

JTO. 

DUP, VND. 
HXL. 

ARC, PPG, SBC, SCP, SHX, (2). 

BRD, GAP, PPG. 

ARC, ENJ, JTO, SHX. 
ARC, ENO, SHX, WTC. 



ARC, SHX. 






SHX. 






{')■ 






SHX. 






ARC, BRD, 


HNT, 


JTO, PPG, SHX 


HXL. 






ARC. 






SHX. 






ARC, SHX. 






SVC. 






BRD, HNT. 






CRD. 






ARC, SHX. 






DEX, PPG. 






HXL. 






AAC, ARC, 


HXL. 




AAC, ARC, 


BRD 


SHX. 


HXL. 






SHX. 






('). 







See footnotes at end of tabie. 



12-25 



Section 12 

Table 37— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 38) 



Cationic— Continued 

Quaternary ammonium salts, not containing 
oxygen— Continued 
Acyclic— Continued 

Lauryl pyridinium chloride No WTC. 

Methyl (tri-hydrogenated tallow ali<yl) ammonium 

chloride No WTC. 

Methyi-1-tallowamidoethyl-2-taiiowimidazolium- 

methyl sulfate No CRD. 

Methyl tri(C9-C,o)ammonium chloride No SHX. 

Methyitrioctylammonium chloride No SCP. 

(Mixed alkyl) ammonium chloride No MIL. 

(Mixed linear ail<yl) dimethyl ammonium methyl 

sulfate No HCL. 

Mixture of N-octyl, N-decyl, N,N-dimethyl 

ammonium chloride and benzyl, dimethyl, (mixed 

all<yl) ammonium chloride No BRD. 

Octyl decyi dimethyl ammonium chloride No HNT. 

N-Octyl, N-decyl, N,N-dimethyl ammonium chloride ... No BRD. 

N,N,N' ,N' ,N'-Pentamethyl-N-(tallow alkyl)- 

trimethylene-bisammonium chloride No 

Stearic acid ethylene diamine methyl ammonium 

sulfate No 

Stearyl pyridium chloride No 

Tetrabutylammonlum bromide No 

1-Tetradecanaminium,N,N,N-trimethyl-chioride No 

Tetraethyiammonium bromide No 

Tetraethyi ammonium chloride No 

Tetraheptyi ammonium bromide No 

Tetra methyl ammonium bromide No 

Tetramethylammonium chloride No 

Tributylmethylammonium chloride No 

Trihydrogenated tallow ammonium chloride No 

Trimethyl( mixed alkyl) ammonium chloride No 

Trimethyioctadecylammonium chloride No 

Trimethyl (soybean oil alkyl)ammonium chloride No 

Trimethyijtallow alkyl) ammonium chloride Yes 

Trimethyltetradecylammonium bromide No 

All other acyclic quaternary ammonium salts, not 

containing oxygen No 

Cyclic: 

Benzyl(aikylpyridinium)chioride No 

Benzyl(cocoamidopropyi)dimethyi ammonium chloride . . No 

Benzyl (coconut oil alkyl) dimethylammonium chloride .... No 
Benzyl-di(hydrogenated tallow alkyi)- 

methyiammonium chloride No 

Benzyidimethyi (mixed alkyl) ammonium chloride Yes 

Benzyldimethyloctadecyiammonium chloride Yes 

Benzyidimethyi (tallow alkyl) ammonium chloride No 

Benzylhexadecyldimethylammonium chloride No 

Benzyl (hydrogenated tallow alkyl) dimethylammonium 

chloride No 

Benzyl-methyl-bis (hydrogenated tallow) ammonium 

chloride No END. 

Benzyl(mixed alkyl) pyridinium chloride No (^j . 

Benzyl plcolinium chloride No GDC. 

1-Benzylpyridinium chloride No BRD, HIP. 



ARC, SHX. 



HCL. 

WTC. 

HXL, 

SHX. 

EK. 

RSA. 

EK. 

RSA. 

RSA. 

TNA. 

END. 

WTC. 

ARC, 

ARC, 

ARC, 

AAC, 



SHX, SVC. 

JTO, SHX. 

END, JTO, SHX, WTC. 

HXL. 



AAC, ARC, MOA, PCI, PPG, RSA, SHX, 

END, GDC, HRT, LUR, TCC, WTC, («) . 

ENO. 

BKM, BRD, CRD, HIL, HNT, PCI, PPG, 

SHX, (2), (2). 
AAC, PPG, SHX, TNI. 
BOE, ENO, WTC. 
BKM. 

ARC, ENO, SHX, WTC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-26 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 37— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 
manufacturer, 198S 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 38) 



Catlonic— Continued 



Quaternary ammonium salts, not containing oxygen— Cont. 
Cyclic— Continued 

1-Benzylqulnollnlum chloride No 

Benzyltrlmethylammonlum chloride Yes 

Butylplcolinlum bromide No 

2 , 4-Dlchiorobenzyldlmethyl ( mixed alkyl ) ammonium 

chloride No 

1-DodecylpyridinIum chloride No 

(Ethylbenzyl)dimethyl(mixed aii<y I) ammonium chloride . . No 
(IVIIxed alkyl) dibenzyltrimethyl-1 ,3-propane 

dlammonlum chloride No 

1-Phenethyl-2-picolinium bromide No 

All other cyclic quaternary ammonium salts not 

containing oxygen No 

All other catlonic surface-active agents No 

Nonlonic 



P). 

CRT, PCI, RSA, SHX, TCC, UTC. 

HXL. 

n. 

DAN. 

HNT. 

GDC. 
HXL. 

ICI, JTO, (2), (2). 

AAC, BRD, BRI, CGY, DUP, JTO, MIR, 
MOA, PPG, RPC, TCH, WM, WTC. 



Carboxylic acid amides: 
Diethanolamlne condensates (Amine/acid ratio = 2/1): 

Capric acid (Ratio = 2/1 ) No 

Castor oil acids (Ratio = 2/1 ) No 

Coconut oil acids (Ratio = 2/1 ) Yes 

Coconut oil and tallow acids (Ratio = 2/1 ) Yes 

Lard oil acids No 

Laurie acid (Ratio = 2/1 ) No 

Laurie and myristic acids (Ratio = 2/1 ) Yes 

Linoleic acid (Ratio = 2/1 ) No 

Mixed carboxylic acids No 

Mixed fatty acids, neutralized No 

Oleic acid (Ratio = 2/1 ) Yes 

Palmitic and stearic acids (Ratio = 2/1) No 

Pelargonic acid (Ratio = 2/1 ) No 

Stearic acid (Ratio = 2/1 ) Yes 

Tail oil acids (Ratio = 2/1 ) Yes 

Tallow acids (Ratio = 2/1 ) No 

All other diethanolamlne condensates (Amine/ 

acid = 2/1 ) No 

Diethanolamlne condensates, other amine/acid ratios: 

Capric acid (Ratio = 1/1) No 

Coconut oil acids (Ratio = 1 /I ) Yes 

Laurie add (Ratio = 1/1 ) Yes 

Laurie and myristic acid (Ratio = 1 /I ) Yes 

Linoleic acid (Ratio = 1/1) Yes 

Mixed carboxylic acids (Ratio = 1/1) No 

Mixed fatty acids ( Ratio = 1.1) No 

Myristic acid (Ratio = 1 /I ) No 

Oleic acid (Ratio = 1 /I ) No 

Palm kernel oil acids (Ratio = 1/1) No 

Rapeseed acids (Ratio = 1 /I ) No 

Soybean oil acids (Ratio = 1 /I ) No 

Stearic acid (Ratio = 1 /I ) Yes 

Tali oil acids (Ratio = 1 /I ) No 



SCP. 

AAC, MCP, NSC, TCH. 

AAC, ARD, BRI, CCC, CCL, CON, CTL, 

ECC, EFH, FTX, GAF, GDC, HNT, 

HRT, MOA, PNX, PPG, REZ, SBC, SCP, 

SHX, STP, WTC. 
BRD, ENJ, ESS, MOA, SBC, UNN. 
FER. 

CRD, MOA. 

CRD, FTX, MOA, PPG, SBC, STP. 
MOA. 

FER, RPC, SOS. 
CPC, FTX. 
AAC, CTL, EFH, GAF, MOA, PPG, SBC, 

STP. 
RPC. 
TCH. 

AAC, EFH, OC. 
BRI, ECC, HCL, MOA, PNX, PPG, SBC, 

WVA. 
EFH, ICI, MOA. 

MOA, SHX. 

MOA. 

AAC, ARD, BRD, CTL, EMK, ETC, FTX, 
GAF, HNT, HRT, HTN, JRG, MIR, MOA, 
PIL, PPG, SBC, SCP, SHX, STP, TCC, 
VND, WTC, (2). 

AAC, HTN, MOA, SBC, TNI, WTC. 

AAC, BRD, FTX, MOA, SBC. 

ARD, MOA, SBC, VND. 

SOS, WTC. 

WTC. 

MOA. 

AAC, SBC. 

TMH. 

EFH. 

MOA, PPG, SBC. 

AAC, BRD, ECC, ENJ, HIP, MRV. 

CHP, WTC, (2). 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-27 



Section 12 



Table 37— Continued 



Surface-active agents for whicli U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1983 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to iist in tabic 38) 



Nonionic— Continued 



Carboxylic acid amides— Continued 
Diethanolamlne condensates other amine/acid— Continued 

Tallow adds (Ratio = 1/1) No 

All other diethanolamine condensates, amine/acid 

ratlo=1 /I No 

All other carboxyiic acid amides: 

Coconut oil acids No 

Coconut oil acids-all<anolamine condensate 

(Ratio = 1/1) No 

Coconut oil acids-ail<anolamine condensate 

(Ratio = 2/1 ) No 

Coconut oil acids-aikanolamine condensate 

(Ratio = 1/2) Yes 

Coconut oil aclds-dimethylaminopropylamine 

condensate (Ratio = 1/1) No 

Coconut oil acids-ethanolamine condensate, 

ethoxylated Yes 

DIoleIc acid (Ratio =1/2) No 

Hydrogenated tallow acids, aminoethylethanolamide, 

acetate salt No 

Hydrogenated tallow amides, ethoxyiated No 

Hydrogenated tallow glycerides diethylenediamine 

condensate No 

Isonanoic acid, mono- and triethanolamine salt No 

Isopropanolamine condensates No 

Isostearlo acid, aminoethylethanolamide, acetate 

salt No 

Laurie acid No 

Laurie acid (Ratio = 1/1 ) No 

Laurie and myristic acids (Ratio = 1/1 ) No 

Mixed fatty acids, diethanolamine condensate No 

Oleic acid-ethanolamine condensate, ethoxylated No 

Riclnoleic acid No 

Stearic acid (Ratio = 1/1 ) No 

Stearic acid (Ratio = 2/1 ) No 

Stearic acid aminoethanolamine (amine acid 

ratio = 1 .0/1 .65) No 

Stearic acid-amlnoethyl ethanolamine (amine/acid 

ratio = 1 .75/1 .0) No 

Stearic acid aminoethylethanolamine (amine acid 

ratio = 1/2) No 

Stearic acid-N-aminoethyl ethanolamine 

condensate No 

Stearic acld-ethylenediamine condensate 

(Ratio = 1/2) No 

Stearic acid monoethanolamine condensate No 

Tall oil acids-dimethylamine condensate 

(Ratio = 1/1) No 

Tall oil fatty acids (Ratio = 1/2) No 

Tall oil fatty acids (Ratio = 2.7/1 ) No 

Tall oil fatty acids (Ratio = 1.5/1) No 

Tall oil fatty acids-triethanolamine condensate No 

Tallow acids (Ratio = 1 .00/1 .65) No 

Taiiow, N- [3- (dimethylamino) propyl] 

(Ratio = 1/3) No 

All other diethanolamine condensate No 

All other ethanolamine condensates, amine/acid 

ratio = 2/1 No 

All other carboxyiic acid amides No 



IVIOA, QCP. 



STP. 



AAC, 


FTX, 


MOA, 


PG, 


PPG, SOS 


ENJ, 


MOA, 


STP. 






HTN, 


MOA, 


PAT, 


QCP 




(=). 










BRD, 
CLD. 


GAP, 


PPG, 


STP, 


SVC. 


PCI. 
GAP. 










HRT. 
HCL. 
SBC. 










PCI. 

AAC, 

AAC. 

MOA, 

WTC. 

SHX. 

AAC. 

AAC, 

ECC. 


HTN, 
MOA 


MOA. 
, VND 







CHP. 



SBC. 



VKR. 



AAC, 
WTC. 

BKM. 

EFH. 

EFH. 

EFH. 

P). 

PAT. 

PAT. 
AAC, 

SHX. 

ARC, 

(=). 



EFH, QCP. 

CGY, GAP, JTO, ROB, SCP, 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-28 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 37— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or saies were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 38) 



Nonionic— Continued 

Carboxyllc acid esters: 

Anhydrosorbitol esters: 

Anhydrosorbitol dioleate No 

Anhydrosorbitol monoester of tall oil acids No 

Anhydrosorbitol monolaurate Yes 

Anhydrosorbitol monooleate No 

Anhydrosorbitol monopalmltate No 

Anhydrosorbitol monostearate Yes 

Anhydrosorbitol sesquloleate Yes 

Anhydrosorbitol sesquistearate No 

Anhydrosorbitol triester of tall oil acids No 

Anhydrosorbitol trioleate Yes 

Anhydrosorbitol tristearate No 

Aii other anhydrosorbitol esters Yes 

DIethylene glycol esters: 

Diethylene glycol distearate No 

DIethylene glycol monoester of coconut oil acids No 

Diethylene glycol monoester of tali oil acids No 

DIethylene glycol monoester of tallow acids No 

Diethylene glycol monolaurate Yes 

Diethylene glycol monostearate Yes 

Diethylene glycol sesquiester of tail oil acids No 

Diethylene glycol sesquiiaurate No 

Diethylene glycol terephthalate No 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol esters; 

Ethoxyiated anhydrosorbitol monolaurate Yes 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol mono-oleate Yes 

Ethoxyiated anhydrosorbitol monopalmltate No 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monostearate Yes 

Ethoxyiated anhydrosorbitol monotallate No 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol triester of tall oil acids .... No 

Ethoxyiated anhydrosorbitol trioleate Yes 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol tristearate Yes 

Aii other ethoxyiated anhydrosorbitol esters No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol esters: 

Ethoxylated sorbitol beeswax ester No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol hexaester of tali oil acids No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol hexaoleate No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol lanolin ester No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol monooleate No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol monostearate No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol oieate, acetylated No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol pentaiaurate No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol tetraester of lauric and 

oleic acids No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol tetraester of tail oil acids No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol tetraoieate No 

Ethoxyiated sorbitol tetrastearate No 

Ethylene glycol esters: 

Ethylene glycol distearate Yes 

Ethylene glycol monooleate • No 

Ethylene glycol monostearate Yes 

Ethylene glycol sesquistearate No 

All other ethylene glycol esters No 



101. 

HDQ. 

BRD, EMR, iCI, PPG, TCH. 

BRD, EMR, HDG, ICI, PPG, TCH. 

ICI, PPG. 

BRD, HDG, ICI, PPG, TCH. 

BRD, HDG, PPG, TCH. 

TCH. 

P). 

BRD, ICI, PPG, TCH. 

BRD, PPG. 

BRD. 

BRD. 

CLD. 

BKIVI. 

ENJ. 

CTL, ECC, HDG, PPG. 

AAC, ECC, HDG, STP. 

ECC. 

BRD. 

UPF. 

BRD, ETC, HDG, iCi, PPG, SVC, TCH. 

BRD, ETC, HDG, ICI, SVC, TCH. 

iCI, PPG. 

BRD, ETC, ICI, PPG, TCH. 

HDG. 

WTC. 

BRD, ETC, HDG, ICi, PPG, TCH. 

BRD, ICI, PPG. 

BRD. 

ICi. 

TCH. 

ICI. PPG, TCH. 

ICI. 

CPC, iCI. 

TCH. 

ICI. 

PPG. 

ICi. 

AAC, (2). 
iCI. 
ICI. 

AAC, EMR, ENJ, HDG, PPG, STP. 

TCH, WM. 
EFH. 
AAC, BRD, EMR, HDG, PPG, STP, 

VND, WM, WTC. 
JTO, STP. 
EMR. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-29 



Section 12 



Table 37— Continued 



Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1988 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list In table 38) 



Nonionic— Continued 



Carboxylic acid esters— Continued 
Glycerol esters — Continued 

Complex glycerol esters: 

Glycerol diacetyltartrate monooleate No 

Glycerol diacetyltartrate monostearate No 

Glycerol mono and diesters of mixed fatty acids No 

Glycerol monoester of mixed fatty acids, acetylated . No 
Glycerol monoester of mixed fatty acids 

succlnylated No 

Glycerol monooleate, ethoxylated No 

All other complex glycerol esters No 

Glycerol esters of chemically defined acids: 

Glycerol dilaurate No 

Glycerol monolaurate No 

Glycerol monooleate Yes 

Glycerol monoricinoleate No 

Glycerol monostearate Yes 

Glycerol trioctanoate/decanoate No. 

All other glycerol esters of chemically defined 

acids No 

Glycerol esters of mixed acids: 

Glycerol diester of coconut oil acids No 

Glycerol mono-, di-, and triesters of 

hydrogenated tallow acids No 

Glycerol monoester of Ce-C,o acids No 

Glycerol monoester of coconut oil acids No 

Glycerol monoester of cottonseed oil acids No 

Glycerol monoester of hydrogenated cottonseed 

oil acids No 

Glycerol monoester of hydrogenated lard acids No 

Glycerol monoester of hydrogenated soybean oil 

acids No 

Glycerol monoester of lard acids No 

Glycerol monoester of palm oil acids No 

Glycerol monoester of safflower oil acids No 

Glycerol monoester of tall oil acids No 

Glycerol monoester of tallow acids No 

Glycerol sesquiester of hydrogenated tallow 

acids No 

Glycerol triester of mixed fatty acids No 

Mixed ester of resin and rosin acids No 

All other glycerol esters of mixed acids No 

Natural fats and oils, ethoxylated: 

Carnuba wax, ethoxylated No 

Castor oil, ethoxylated Yes 

Coconut oil, ethoxylated No 

Hydrogenated castor oil, ethoxylated Yes 

Lanolin, ethoxylated Yes 

Mixed fatty acids, alkyl ether, ethoxylated No 

Mixed tall oil and rosin acids, ethoxylated No 

Oleic acid, ethoxylated and propoxylated No 

Tall oil acids, ethoxylated No 

Tall oil acids, ethoxylated and propoxylated No 

Tall oil, refined, ethoxylated No 

Tallow fatty acids, ethoxylated No 

All other natural fats and oils, ethoxylated No 



HTN. 
EKT. 
ICI. 
EKT. 

EKT. 
SCP. 
BRD, LEV. 

VND. 
BRD. 
AAC, BDR, EFH, EMR, HAL, HDG, 

PPG, STP. 
BRD, HDG, PPG. 
BRD, CCC, CHL, CLD, CRT, EMR, 

HAL, HDG, HRT, PPG, SOS, SQA, 

STP, VND, WM, WTC, (^j. 
WM. 

EMR. 

WM. 

WPG. 
SVC. 

BRD, TCH. 
EKT. 

EKT, WM. 
EKT. 

BFP, EKT. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

PER. 

CPC, EKT. 

PCI. 
SVC. 
WVA. 
BFP, PPG. 

SHX. 

CAS, ETC, GAF, HTN, ICI, MIL, PPG, S, 

SVC, TCH, TMH, {^) . 
ETC, HCL. 
ETC, GAF, HCL, ICI, MIL, PPG, SCP, 

TCH. 
AAC, CRD, HCL, HDG, TCH, {^) . 

HCL. 
MIL. 
GAF, HCL. 

TCH, (2). 
GAF. 
MIL, SCP. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-30 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 37— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 38) 



Nonionic— Continued 

Carboxyllc acid esters — Continued 
Polyethylene glycol esters: 
Polyethylene glycol esters of chemically-defined acids: 
Polyethylene glycol dllaurate Yes 

Polyethylene glycol dioleate Yes 

Polyethylene glycol distearate Yes 

Polyethylene glycol hydroxyacetate No 

Polyethylene glycol monocaprylate No 

Polyethylene glycol monoisostearate No 

Polyethylene glycol monolaurate Yes 

Polyethylene glycol monooleate Yes 

Polyethylene glycol monooleate, ethoxylated No 

Polyethylene glycol monopalmltate Yes 

Polyethylene glycol monopelargonate, 

methoxylated No 

Polyethylene glycol monopelargonate Yes 

Polyethylene glycol monoricinoleate No 

Polyethylene glycol monostearate Yes 

Polyethylene glycol monotallate No 

Polyethylene glycol sesqulnoleate No 

Polyethylene glycol terephthalate No 

Polyethylene glycol esters of chemically 

defined acids, all other No 

Polyethylene glycol esters of mixed acids: 

Polyethylene glycol dlester of coconut oil acids No 

Polyethylene glycol dlester of coconut oil and 

oleic acids No 

Polyethylene glycol dlester of mixed linear 

acid/oleic acid No 

Polyethylene glycol diester of tall oil acids Yes 

Polyethylene glycol ester of mixed fatty acids No 

Polyethylene glycol monoester of coconut oil acids ... No 
Polyethylene glycol monoester of soybean oil acids ... No 

Polyethylene glycol monoester of tall oil acids Yes 

Polyethylene glycol sesqulester of coconut oil acids . . No 

Polyethylene glycol sesqulester of tall oil acids Yes 

Polyethylene glycol sesqulester of tallow acids No 

All other polyethylene glycol esters of mixed acids ... No 
Polyglycerol esters: 

Hexaglycerol No 

IViixed oleic, laurlc, stearic, and palmitic 

hexaglycerol esters No 

Polyglycerol decaoleate No 

Polyglycerol distearate No 

Polyglycerol monooleate Yes 



BRD, EFH, ETC, HDG, PPG, STP, TCH, 

WIVI. 
BRD, CLD, EFH, ETC, HAL, MIL, DC, 

PPG, QCP, SOS, STP. 
AAC, BRD, PPG, SBC, STP, WTC. 
CCA. 
ECC. 
PPG. 
BRD, CCA, CGY, ECC, EFH, ETC, HAL, 

ICI, PPG, STP, SVC, TCH. 
ARC, BOE, BRD, CCA, CCC, CLD, CRT, 

ECC, EFH, ETC, GAF, GDC, HAL, 

HDG, LUR, MRT, MRV, DC, PPG, SHX, 

STP, SVC, TCH, WTC. 
ICI. 
BRD, ETC, HCL, ICI, SHX. 

TCH. 

ETC, HCL, SOS, TCH. 

ECC. 

APC, BRD, CCC, CPC, CRT, DEX, EFH, 
ETC, GDC, HDG, HRT, ICI, LUR, OC, 
PPG, SLC, SOS, STP, SVC, TCH, VND. 

LUR, PPG. 

ETC, SOS, TCH. 

BOE, PCI. 

BAS, ETC, HCL. 

PCI. 

EFH. 

PCI. 

CCC, EFH, ETC, GAF, PAT, PPG, QCP, 

SHX, SOS. 

ICI, LUR. 

BRD, LUR. 

BKM, EFH, FER. 

ENJ, IVIRT, PAT, PPG, SCP, TCH. 

ICi, PPG, SLIVI, WTC, (2). 

PAT, RPC, SHX, TCH. 

ETC, QCP, SCP, WTC. 

SVC. 

SVC. 
TCH. 
BRD. 
HDG, PPG, WTC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-31 



Section 12 

Table 37— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 38) 



Nonionic 

Carboxyllc acid esters— Continued 
Polyglycerol esters— Continued 

Polygiyceroi monostearate No 

Poiyglyceroi tetraoleate No 

Triglyeroi monooieate No 

All other poiyglyceroi esters No 

Propanediol esters: 

1 ,2-Propanedioi dioctanoate/decanoate No 

1 ,2-Propanediol dipeiargonate No 

1 ,2-Propanedlol distearate No 

1 ,2-Propanedioi di-2-ethyi hexanoate No 

1 ,2-Propanedioi monoiaurate No 

1 ,2-Propanedioi monooieate No 

1 ,2-Propanedioi monostearate Yes 

Other carboxyllc acid esters; 

Caprylic amphopropionate No 

Di-isobutylene maleate No 

Ethoxylated 1 ,3-butyiene glycol stearate No 

Ethoxylated castor oil, ditridecylmaleate No 

Ethoxylated glycerol mono- and dlesters of 

hydrogenated tallow acids No 

Ethoxylated glycerol and propylene glycol esters 

of coco fatty acids No 

Ethoxylated nonylphenol laurate No 

Ethoxylated 1 ,2-propanedlol monostearate No 

Ethoxylated and propoxylated glycerol mono- and 

diesters of tallow acids No 

Linoleic acid dimers, alkoxyiated No 

Maleic anhydride, polypropylene glycol copolymer No 

Methylgluooside laurate No 

Mixed all<yl benzoate No 

Mixed alt<yl stearate No 

Mixed di- and triethylene glycol mono ester of 

tall oil acid No 

Nonylphenol ethoxylate, oleate No 

Pentaerythritol distearate No 

Pentaerythritol stearate No 

Pentaerythritol tetraoleate No 

Polyall<ylene glycol oleate No 

Polycarboxylic acid, alkylate No 

Poly carboxyllc acid, alkylphenoxyalkoxylate No 

Polypropylene glycol dioleate No 

Polypropylene glycol, ethoxylated, adipic acid ester .... No 

Propylene glycol esters of hydrogenated palm oil No 

Propylene glycol monohydroxy stearate No 

Sucrose, ethoxylated and propoxylated No 

All other carboxyllc acid esters No 

Ethers: 
Benzenoid ethers: 
All other alkylphenol-formaldehyde condensates, 

alkoxyiated No 

Amyiphenoi-formaldehyde, alkoxyiated No 

Bisphenol A, ethoxlated and propoxylated No 

Bisphenoi A, ethoxylated No 

2-Butanol, ethoxylated and propoxylated No 



BRD, PPG, SVC. 

PPG. 

SVC. 

BRD. 

SVC, WM. 

WM. 

HCL. 

WM. 

SBC. 

EFH. 

BRD, EKT, HAL, PPG, SBC, WM. 

MOA. 
RH. 
HCL. 
UPF. 

SVC. 

SVC. 
TCC. 
ICI. 

SVC. 

P). 

PCI. 

HDG. 

APC. 

SOS. 

WVA. 

EFH. 

AAC, PPG. 

SCP. 

PPG. 

SOS. 

P). 

(^). 

OLD. 

{')■ 

PG, VND. 

CAS. 

PPG. 

ARI, CHP, GAF, HDG, ROB, SYL, {^) . 



ETC, (2). 

PPG. 
PPG. 
PPG. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-32 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 37— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1988 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 38) 



Nonlonic— Continued 



Ethers— Continued 
Benzenold ethers— Continued 

p-tert-Butylphenol-formaldehyde, all<oxylated No 

DInonylphenol, ethoxylated Yes 

Dodecylphenol, ethoxylated Yes 

Epichlorhydrin bisphenol A, ethoxylated No 

Furfuryl alcohol, ethoxylated No 

Iso-octylphenol, ethoxylated Yes 

isooctylphenol, ethoxylated, benzyl ether No 

(Mixed alkyl) phenol, alkoxylated No 

(IVIixed alkyljphenoi epichlorohydrin-formaldehyde, 

alkoxylated No 

(Mixed alkyljphenoi, ethoxylated No 

(Mixed alkyljphenoi, ethoxylated, butyl ether No 

(Mixed alkyl) phenol-formaldehyde, alkoxylated Yes 

(Mixed alkyljphenoi formaldehyde, methoxylated No 

Naphthalenesulfonic acid, polymer with 

formaldehyde and 4,4'-dihydroxydiphenylsulfone No 

Naphthalenesulfonic acid, polymer with 

formaldehyde, sodium salt No 

Naphthalenesulfonic acid, polymer with 

formaldehyde and 4,4'-dihydroxydiphenylsulfone, 

ammonium salt No 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated Yes 



Nonylphenol, ethoxylated, phosphate esters No 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and propoxylated Yes 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated, with fumaric acid No 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated with mixed fatty acids No 

Nonylphenol-formaldehyde, alkoxylated No 

Nonylphenol oleate, ethoxylated No 

n-Octylphenol, ethoxylated Yes 

tert-Octylphenol-formaldehyde, ethoxylated No 

Phenol, ethoxylated No 

Phenol-formaldehyde resin (with lignite) No 

Phenylstyrene, ethoxylated No 

Soya sterols, ethoxylated No 

Tridecylphenol, ethoxylated No 

All other benzenold ethers No 

Nonbenzenoid ethers: 
Chemically-defined linear alcohols, alkoxylated 

Butanol, ethoxylated No 

Butyl alcohol, propoxylated No 

Decyl alcohol, ethoxylated Yes 

Decyl alcohol, ethoxylated and propoxylated No 

Decyloxypoly(ethyleneoxy)ethyi chloride No 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated Yes 

Glycerol, ethoxylated No 

Hexadecyl alcohol, ethoxylated No 

Hexadecyl alcohol, propoxylated No 

Isodecyl alcohol, alkoxylated No 

Isostearyl alcohol, ethoxylated No 

Methanol, ethoxylated and propoxylated No 

Methyl alcohol, alkoxylated No 

9-Octadecenyl alcohol, ethoxylated Yes 

Octadecyl alcohol, ethoxylated No 



P). 



CPC, ETC, 


GAP, 


PPG, RH, S, TCH, 


n 


ETC, GAP. 


MON 


, SCP, TMH. 




{'). 








SVC. 








AAC, BAS, 


GAP, 


PPG, RH, TMH. 




PPG. 








n. 








P). 








BAS, CPC, 


ENJ, 


MIL. 




RH, TCH. 








ENJ, GAP, 


WTC, 


n. {')■ 




HCL. 








PCI. 








PCI. 









PCI. 

AAC, BAS, CPC, DUP, ENJ, ETC, GAP, 

HCL, HDG, HTN, ICl, MIL, MOA, MON, 

OMC, PPG, RH, S, SCP, SHX, STP, 

TCH, TMH, TX, UCC, WTC, 

(^), (^), (^). 
OMC. 

GAP, HCL, RH, SCP, TMH, (2). 
PPG. 
SOS. 

WTC, (2), (2). 
SOS. 

AAC, DUP, GAP, SCP, TCH, WTC. 
SDW. 

GAP, HCL, ICl, MIL, PPG, SCP, TCH. 
PSP. 
HCL. 
SCP. 
CPC. 
BAS, HCL, RH, SHX. 



GAP, PPG. 

WTC. 

BAS, CPC, ENJ, GAP, HCL, ICl, MIL. S, 

TCH. 
GAP. 
GAP. 

AAC, CPC, ICl, MIL, PPG, (2). 
SVC. 
ICl, TCH. 
PPG. 
S, (2). 
SHX. 
PPG. 
(^). 

AAC, ETC, GAP, ICl, MIR, S, TCH. 
CPC, GAP, HCL, HTN, ICl, PPG, SCP. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-33 



Section 12 



Table 37— Continued 



Surface-active agents for whicli U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 
manufacturer, 1988 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 38) 



Nonionic — Continued 



Ethers— Continued 
Nonbenzenoid ethers— Continued 
Chemically-defined linear alcohols, alkoxylated— 
Continued 

Oleyi alcohol, ethoxyiated Yes 

Stearyi alcohol, propoxylated No 

All other chemically-defined linear alcohols, 

aii<oxylated No 

Mixed linear alcohols, alkoxylated: 

Coconut oil alcohol, ethoxyiated No 

Decyi and octyl alcohols, ethoxyiated No 

Mixed linear alcohols, alkoxylated No 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxyiated Yes 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxyiated, benzyl ether No 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxyiated and propoxylated . . Yes 

Myristyi alcohol, propoxylated No 

Stearyi alcohol, propoxylated No 

Tallow alcohol, ethoxyiated No 

Wool wax alcohols, ethoxyiated No 

All other mixed linear alcohols, alkoxylated No 

Other ethers and thioethers: 

Bis-cumyiphenyi-oxoethylene titanate No 

1 ,3-Butyiene glycol, ethoxyiated No 

tert-Dodecyi mercaptan, ethoxyiated No 

Glycerine, alkoxylated No 

Glycerine, ethoxyiated No 

Glycerine, ethoxyiated and propoxylated No 

Glycerol, alkoxylated, toluene dllsocyanate 

copolymer No 

Isodecyi alcohol, ethoxyiated No 

Isodecyi alcohol, ethoxyiated and propoxylated No 

iso-octyi alcohol, ethoxyiated No 

Lignin, ethoxyiated No 

Mixed alcohols, ethoxyiated Yes 

Poly(epichlorhydrin) No 

Polyether diols No 

Polyether triols No 

Polyethoxylate/polypropoxylate dibenzyi ether No 

Polyethylene glycol mono(nonylphenol)ether 

ammonium sulfate No 

Poly(mixed ethylene, propylene) glycol Yes 

Poiy(oxy-1 ,2-ethanediyl) , a-phenylmethyi-w- 

hydroxy, C,2-C,s alkyl ethers No 

Poiy(oxy-1 ,2-ethanediyl) , a-phenylmethyl-co- 

hydroxy, ethoxyiated nonylphenoi alkyl ether No 

Polypropylene glycol, alkoxylated, polymer with 
maleic anhydride, acrylic acid, and alkylphenol- 

formaldehyde resin, alkoxylated No 

Polypropylene glycol, ethoxyiated No 

Polypropylene glycol glycerol triether, copolymer 

with epichiorhydrin bisphenoi epoxy resin No 

Tali oil fatty acld-imidazoline, ethoxyiated No 

2,4,7,9-Tetramethyi-5-decyne-4,7-dioi, ethoxyiated .. No 
Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxyiated Yes 



CRD, HCL, PPG, SHX. 
SVC. 

BAS, GAP, HDG, SCP. 

ETC, HCL, TX. 

GAP, SHX. 

WTC, (2). 

AAC, BAS, DUP, GAP, HCL, HDG, ICi, 
MIL, PG, PPG, RH, S, SCP, SHC, SHX, 
STP, TCH, TMH, TNA, TX, UCC, VST, 
WTC. 

BAS, DUP, ETC, GAP, MIL, CMC, PPG, 

S, STP, SVC, TCH, UCC, (2). 
WTC. 
WTC. 

ENJ, ETC, GAP, HCL, SHX, TX. 
CRD. 
BRD, RH, SHC, (=) . 

KPI. 

HCL. 

AAC, ETC, GAP. 

(=). 

PPG. 

PPG. 

{')■ 

ETC. 

ETC. 

ETC. 

WVA. 

ENJ, MIL, RH, WM, {^) . 

P). 

WTC. 

WTC. 

n- 

(^). 

AAC, ETC, GAP, S, UCC, WTC, (2), (2). 



PCI. 



BAS, ETC, GAP, HCL, HDG, SCP, TCH, 
WTC, (2). 

(=). 
SCP. 

CPC, DUP, ETC, GAP, HCL, ICI, MIL, 
CMC, S, TCH, WTC, (2). 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-34 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 37— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 38) 



Nonlonic— Continued 

Ethers— Continued 
Other ethers and thioethers— Continued 

Tridecyl alcohol, propoxylated and ethoxyiated No 

Trimethylnonyi alcohol, ethoxyiated No 

Trimethylolpropane, alkoxylated No 

Trimethylpentanediol, ethoxyiated No 

All other ethers and thioethers No 

Other nonlonic surface-active agents: 

Cumyl phenolate isopropoxy titanium salt No 

Formaldehyde, dicyandiamlde, ethylene sulfate 

polymers No 

(Mixed alkyl) phenol alkylenedlaminealkanolamine 

formaldehyde No 

Mixed fatty acid-ethoxylated nonyl phenol ester No 

Tetra- (2 , 2-diallyloxymethyiene) -1 -butoxy titanium 

bis-(ditrldecyl) phosphite No 

Tetra-isopropoxy titanium (bis-dioctyl) phosphite No 

Tetra-octyloxy titanium (bis-tridecyl) phosphite No 

Trl(castor oil alkyl)phosphate No 

All other nonlonic surface-active agents No 



ETC, HTN, TX. 

UCC. 

BAS, GAF, WTC, (2). 

SHX. 

GAF, HCL, CMC, RH, SCP, SHX. 

KPI. 

PCI. 

{")■ 
RPC. 

KPI. 
KPI. 
KPI. 
BRD. 

CGY, CLU, DUP, LUR, MIL, MOA, PG, 
PPG, SCP, TCH, WM, (2), (=). 



' Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'Yes.' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted In confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'No.' 
2 The manufacturer did not consent to his Identification with the designated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



12-35 



Section 12 



Table 38 

Surface-active agents: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1988 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



AAC Alcolac, Inc. 

ACT Climax Performance Materials Corp. 

ACY American Cyanamid Co. 

AGP Dial Corp. 

AMU American Emulsion 

APC Apollo Chemicals Corp. 

APX Apex Chemical 

ARC Akzo Chemie America, Armak 

Chemicals 

ARD Ardmore Chemical Co. Inc. 

ARI Atlas Refinery, Inc. 

ARL Arol Chemical Products Co. 

ARZ Arizona Chemical Co. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BFP Breddo Corp. 

BKM Buckman Laboratories, Inc. 

BLA Aster Products, Inc. , Blue Arrow Div. 

BOE Boehme Filatex, Inc. 

BRD Lonza, Inc. 

BRI Sedgefied Specialities 

BSW Original Bradford Soap Works, Inc. 

CAS CasChem, Inc. 

CCA Akzo Chemicals, Inc. 

CCC C.N.C. International, Inc. 

CCL Catawba-Charlab, Inc. 

CCW Morton-Thlokol, Inc., Carstab DIv. 

CGY Ciba-Geigy Corp. 

CHL Chemol Co. 

CHP C. H. Patrick & Co. , Inc. 

CIN Stockhausen, Inc. 

CLD Colloids, Inc. 

CLU CL Industries, Inc. 

CMT Chemithon Corp. 

CON Concord Chemicals Co., Inc. 

CP Colgate-Palmolive Co. 

CPC Grant Industries, Inc. 

CRD Croda, Inc. 

CRT Chemos Corp. 

CTL Continental Chemical Co. 

DAN Dan River, Inc., Chemical Products Div. 

DEX Dexter Chemical Corp. 

DOW Dow Chemical Co. 

DUP E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. 

Chemicals & Pigments Dept. 

ECC Eastern Color & Chemical Co. 

EFH E. F. Houghton & Co. 

EK Eastman Kodak Co. : 

EKT Tennessee Eastman Co. DIv. 

EMK Emkay Chemical, Inc. 

EMR Quantum Chemical Corp. , Emery DIv. 

ENJ Exxon Chemical Americas 

ENO Enenco, Inc. 

ESS Essential Industries, Inc. 

ETC Ethox Chemicals, Inc. 

FER Ferro Corp., Keil Chemical DIv. 

FPC Flambeau Paper Corp. 

FTX Flnetex, Inc. 

GAF GAF Corp. , Chemical Group 



GDC Gresco, Inc. 

GRL Calgon Vestal Laboratories, Inc. 

HAL C. P. Hall Co. 

HCL Hoechst Celanese Corp., 

Sou-Tex Works 

HDQ Hodag Chemical Corp. 

HEW Hewitt Soap Co. , Inc. 

HIL Hilton Davis Company 

HIP High Point Chemical Corp. 

HMP W. R. Grace & Co. , Hampshire 

Chemicals Div. 

HNT Huntington Laboratories, Inc. 

HPC Hercules, Inc. 

HRT Hart Products Corp. 

HTN Heterene Chemical Co. 

HXL Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Chemical 

Products 

ICI ICI Americas, Inc. , Chemicals Div. 

JLP J. L. Prescott Co. 

JRG Andrew Jergens Co. 

JTO Jetco Chemicals, Inc. 

KPI Kenrlch Petrochemicals, Inc. 

LEA Leatex Chemical Co. 

LEV Lever Brothers Co. 

LKY Lake States DIv. of Rhinelander Paper 

Co. 

LUR Reilly Whitman, Inc. 

MAR Daishowa Chemicals, Inc. 

MCP Moretex Chemical Products, Inc. 

MIL Mllllken & Co., Milliken Chemical Div. 

MIR Mlranol Chemical Co., Inc. 

MOA Mona Industries, Inc. 

MON Monsanto Co. 

MRT Morton-Thiokol, Inc., Morton Chemical 

DIv. 

MRV Marlowe-Van Loan Corp. 

NCC Niacet Corp. 

NES Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co. 

NMC National Milling & Chemical Co. 

NOC Norac Co. , Inc. , Mathe Div. 

NPR Safeway Stores, Inc. 

NSC National Starch & Chemical Corp. 

OC Omega Chemicals, Inc. 

OMC Olln Corp. 

PAT Pat-Chem, Inc. 

PCH Prochem 

PCI Piedmont Chemical Industries, Inc. 

PEL Pelron Corp. 

PG Procter & Gamble Co. , Procter & 

Gamble Mfg. Co. 

PIL Pilot Chemical Co. 

PLX Desoto, Inc. 

PNX Murphy-Phoenix Co. 

PPG PPG Industries, Inc. 

PSP Georgia-Pacific Corp. , Belllngham DIv. 

QCP Quaker Chemical Corp. 

RAY ITT Rayonler, Inc. 



12-36 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 38— Continued 

Surface-active agents: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1988 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



REZ Hl-Tek Polymers, Inc. 

RH Rohm & Haas Co. 

ROB Robeco Chemicals, Inc. 

RPC Colloids, Inc. 

RSA R.S.A. Corp. 

S Sandoz, Inc. , Colors & Chemicals DIv. 

SBC Scher Chemicals, Inc. 

SBP SBS Products Inc. 

SCO Scholler, Inc. 

SCP Henkel Corp. 

SDH Sterling Drug, Inc.: 

SDW Sterling Organics Div. 

SHC Shell Oil Co. , Shell Chemical Co. 

SHX Sherex Chemical Co., Inc. 

SLC Soluol Chemical Co. , Inc. 

SLM Salem Oil & Grease Co. 

SOS SSC Industries, Inc. 

SPA Scott Paper Co. 

SQA Sequa Chemicals, Inc. 

STP Stepan Chemical Co. 

SVC Capital City Products Co. , Armstrong 

Chemical Plant 

SYL Sylvachem Corp. 



TCC Sybron Chemicals, Inc. 

TCH Quantum Chemical Corp. 

TEN Tennessee Chemical Co. 

TMH Harcros Chemicals, Inc. 

TNA Ethyl Corp. 

TNI Gillette Co. , Chemical Div. 

TX Texaco Inc. , Texaco Chemical Co. 

UCC Union Carbide Corp. 

UDI Desoto, Inc. 

UNN United Aniline Co. 

UPF Sloss Industries 

USR Uniroyal, Inc., Uniroyal Chemical Div. 

UTC Unitex Chemical Corp. 

VKR Virkler Co. 

VND Van Dyk, Div. of Mallinckrodt, Inc. 

VST Vista Chemical Inc. 

WHW Whittemore-Wright Co. , inc. 

WM Index Chemical Co. 

WPG West Polnt-Pepperell, Inc., Griff tex 

Chemical Co. Sub. 

WTC Witco Chemical Corp. 

WVA Westvaco Corp. 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source; Compiled from data received In response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



12-37 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Section 13 
Pesticides and Related Products 

Pesticides and related products include 
fungicides, herbicides, insecticides, rodenticides, 
and related products such as plant growth 
regulators, seed disinfectants, soil conditioners, 
soil fumigants, and synergists. The data are given 
in terms of 100 percent active materials; they 
exclude such materials as diluents, emulsifiers, 
and wetting agents. 

U.S. production of pesticides and related 
products in 1988 amounted to 1,164 million 
pounds, 12 percent more than the 1,040 million 
pounds reported for 1987 (table 39). Sales in 
1988 were 935 million pounds, an increase of 3 
percent, as compared with 911 million pounds 
reported in 1987; the value of sales was $4,354 
million in 1988, compared with $4,171 million in 
1987— an increase of 4 percent. Data for 
production of pesticides and related products 
during 1984-88 are shown in figure 14. 



The output of cyclic pesticides and related 
products amounted to 760 million pounds in 
1988, 17 percent more than the 647 million 
pounds produced in 1987. Sales in 1988 were 572 
million pounds, valued at $3,054 million, 
compared with 593 million pounds, valued at 
$2,828 million, in 1987. 

Production of acyclic pesticides and related 
products in 1988 amounted to 404 million 
pounds, compared with 392 million pounds 
reported for 1987. Sales in 1988 were 363 million 
pounds, compared with 318 million pounds 
reported for 1987; the value of sales were $1,299 
million in 1988, compared with $1,342 million in 
1987. 

Table 40 lists the products reported in this 
section and indicates the manufacturer (s) of each 
by code. These codes are identified by company 
name in table 41. 

Stephen Wanser 
202-252-1363 



Figure 14 

Pesticides and related products: U.S. production, 1984-88 



Billions 
of pounds 



0-L 






1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. international Trade Commission. 



13-1 



Section 13 



Table 39 

Pesticides and related products: U.S. production and sales, 1988 



Sales Average 

Unit 

Pesticides and related products Production Quantity Value value^ 

1.000 1,000 1,000 Per 

pounds pounds dollars pound 

Grand total 1,163,833 935,174 4,353,738 $4.66 

Cyclic 

Total 759,704 572,160 3,054,331 5.34 

Fungicides, total 85,389 70,442 271 ,670 3.86 

Naphthenic acid, copper salt 3,424 1 ,773 1 ,675 .94 

All other cyclic fungicides^ 81 ,965 68,669 269,995 3.93 

Herbicides and plant growth regulators, total 589,261 419,869 1 ,933,397 4.60 

3' ,4'-Diohloropropionanilide (Propanll) 13,038 (») (^) (S) 

Phenoxy acetic acid derivatives 65,564 52,614 45,224 .86 

All other cyclic herbicides* 510,659 367,255 1 ,888,173 5.14 

Insecticides and rodenticides, total 85,054 81 ,849 849,264 10.38 

Chlorinated Insecticides 3,703 4,007 13,462 3.36 

Organophosphorus insecticides* 44,653 37,054 284,933 7.69 

All other cyclic insecticides and rodenticides^ 36,698 40,788 550,869 13.51 

Acyclic 

Total 404,129 363,014 1,299,407 3.58 

Fungicides^ 24,175 18,912 44,190 2.34 

Herbicides and plant grov»>th regulators* 112,518 109,523 743,925 6.79 

Insecticides, rodenticides, soil conditioners, and 
fumigants, total 267,436 234,579 511,292 2.18 

Organophosphorus insecticides^ 93,865 57,739 275,488 4.77 

All other acyclic Insecticides, rodenticides, soil 
conditioners, and fumigants'o 173,571 176,840 235,804 1 .33 

' Calculated from unrounded figures. 

2 Includes benomyl, captafol, captan, chlorothalonil, DMTT, folpet, pipron, PMA, and others. 

^ Reported data were accepted in confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 

" Includes alachlor, atrazine, benefin, bensullde, 2,4-D and other 2,4-D esters and salts, dicamba, dinitrophenol 

compounds, diuron, DNBP, Isopropyl phenylcarbamates (IPC and CIPC), maleic hydrazide, molinate, NPA, picloram, 

triazlnes, trifluralin, uracils, plant growth regulators, and others. 

^ Includes diazinon, methyl parathion, and other phosphorothloates and phosphorodithioates. 

s Includes carbaryl. chlorinated insecticides (chlordan, heptachlor, and others), insect attractants, DEBT and other 

insect repellents, small amounts of rodenticides, and others. 

'' Includes dithiocarbamates. 

^ Includes butylate, dalapon, EPTC, methanearsonic acid salts, thlocarbamates, and organophosphorus erblcides, 

and others. 

^ Includes acephate, disulfoton, ethion, malathion, phorate, and other organophosphorus Insecticides. 

'° Includes aldicarb, methomyl, methyl bromide, soil conditioners and fumigants, small quantities of rodenticides, and 

others. 

Note.— Does not Include data for the Insect fumlgant, p-dlchlorobenzene, nor the fuunglclde, o-phenylphenol. These 
data are included in the section on "Cyclic Intermediates." It also does not Include data for the fungicides, 
dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt and dimethyldithlocarbamic acid, zinc salt (I.e., ziram). These data are 
included in the section on "Rubber-Processing Chemicals." The data for ethylene dibromide, a fumigant, are included 
in the "Miscellaneous End-Use Chemicals and Chemical Products" section. 

Source: Compiled from data received In response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



13-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 40 

Pesticides and related products for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 



Pesticides and related products 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 41) 



Cyclic: Yes 

Fungicides: Yes 

2-Bromo-4'-hydroxyacetophenone No 

1-(4-Chlorophenoxy)-3,3-dimethyl-1-(1,2,4- 

triazoi-1-yl)-butan-2-one No 

a- (2-Chlorophenyl) -a- (4-chlorophenyI) -5- 

pyrimidinemethanol No 

a-(2-Chlorophenyl)-Q!-(4-fluorophenyl)-5- 

pyrlmidinemethanoi No 

2,4-Dlchloro-6-(o-chloroanilino)-s-trlazine No 

1 ,4-Dlchloro-2,5-dlmethoxybenzene (Chloroneb) No 

Diphenylmercuric dodecenyl succinate No 

Hexahydro-1 ,3,5-triethyl-s-triazine No 

Hexahydro-1 ,3,5-tri(2-hydroxyethyl)-s-triazine No 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, sodium salt No 

iViethyi-1 - (butyicarbamoyi) -2- 

benzimidazolecarbamate (Benomyi) No 

2,2'-i\/lethyienebis(4-chlorophenoi) (Dichlorophene) ... No 
3- (2-Methyipiperidino) propyl-3 ,4- 

dichiorobenzoate( Pipron) No 

5-Methyl- 1,2, 4-triazoio3 , 4-benzothiazole 

(Tricyclazoie) No 

Naphthenic acid, copper salt Yes 

2-n-Octyl-4-isothiazoiin-3-one No 

Pentachiorophenoi, sodium salt No 

Phenylmercuric acetate (PIViA) No 

Phenyimercuric ammonium acetate No 

Phenylmercuric oieate No 

8-Quinollnoi, copper salt No 

8-Quinolinoi, magnesium salt No 

8-Quinolinoi, sulfate salt No 

2,4,5,6-Tetrachloroisophthalonitrile No 

Tetrahydro-3 , 5-dimethyi-2H-1 ,3,5- 

thiadiazine-2-thione (DMTT) No 

2-(Thiocyanomethylthio)benzothiazoie No 

N-Trichioromethylthio-4-cyclohexene-1 , 

2-dicarboximide (Captan) No 

N-Trichloromethylthiophthalimide (Folpet) No 

All other cyclic fungicides No 

Herbicides and plant growth regulators; Yes 
4-Amino-6- (1,1 -dlmethylethyl) -3- (methylthio) 

-1 ,2,4-triazln-5-(4H)-one No 

4-Amlno-3,5,6-trichloropicollnlc acid (Picloram) No 

4 , 6-Bis (isopropylamino) -2-methoxy-s-triazine 

(Prometon) No 

2, 4-Bis (isopropylamino) -6- (methylthio) -s-triazine 

(Prometryn) No 

5-Bromo-3-sec-butyl-6-methyluracil (Bromacil) No 

2-(sec-Butylamlno)-4-ethylamino-6- 

methoxy-s-triazine No 

3-tert-Butyl-5-chloro-6-methyluracll No 

N-Butyl-N-ethyl-a , a , a , -trif luoro-2 , 6-dinitro- 

p-toluidine (Benefin) No 

Butyl 2- [4- [5- (trifluoromethyl) -2-pyridinyl] oxy] - 

phenoxyjpropanoate No 

1 - (Carboethoxy ) ethyl 5- [2-chloro-4- (trifluoromethyl) 

phenoxy]-2-nitrobenzoate No 

2-Chloro-4,6-bis(ethylamino)-s-triazine (Simazlne) .... No 



BKM. 

CHG. 

LIL. 

LIL. 

CHG. 

CHF. 

COS. 

VNC. 

n. 

NOD, (2). 

DUP, GTL. 
GIV. 

LIL, USR. 

LIL. 

CCA, MCI, NOD, TRO. 

RH. 

FRO. 

COS. 

COS. 

COS, TRO. 

NOD. 

FMT. 

SOM. 

SDS. 

BKM, MRK, VCC. 
BKM. 

ICI, VNC. 

ICI. 

PER, NOD. 



CHG, DUP. 
DOW. 



CGY. 



CGY. 
DUP. 



CGY. 
DUP. 



LIL. 



DOW, SOC. 
CGY. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



13-3 



Section 13 



Table 40— Continued 



Pesticides and related products for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 
manufacturer, 1988 



Pesticides and related products 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 41) 



Cyclic— Continued 

Herbicides and plant growth regulators— Continued 
2-Chloro-4 , 6-bls ( isopropylamino ) -s-trlazine 

(Propazine) No 

2-Chloro-2 ' , 6' -diethyl-N- (n-butoxymethyl) - 

acetanlllde (Butachlor) No 

2-Chloro-2 ' , 6 ' -dIethyl-N- (methoxymethyl) 

acetanilide(Alachlor) No 

2-Chloro-N-ethoxymethyl-N- ( 2-ethyl-6- 

methylphenyl)-acetamide (Acctochlor) No 

2-Chioro-1 - (3-ethoxy-4-nltrophenoxy ) -4- 

(trlfluoromethyl) benzene (Oxyfluorfen) No 

2-Chloro-4-(ethylamlno)-6-(lsopropylamlno) 

-s-trlazlne (Atrazine) No 

2- [4-Chloro-6- ( ethylamino) -s-trlazln-2- 

ylamlno]-2-methylproplonltrlle (Cyanazlne) No 

2-Chloro-N-(lsopropylacetanlllde (Propachlor) No 

2-Chloro-N- [ (4-methoxy-6-methyl-1 ,3,5- 

trlazln-2-yl)-amlnocarbonyl]benzenesulfonamlde No 

2- (4-Chloro-2-methylphenoxy) propionic add, 

dimethylamlne salt No 

2- (2-Chlorophenyl) methyl-4 ,4-dlmethyl-3- 

Isoxazolinone No 

2- [4 [ (6-Chloro-2-qulnoxalinyl)oxy] phenoxy] proplonll 

acid ethyl ester (Quizalofod ethyl) No 

3-Cyclohexyl-6- (dimethylamlne) -1 -methyl-1 ,3,5- 

trlazine-2,4-(1H,3H)-dione No 

3,6-Dichioro-2-anisic acid (Dicamba) No 

2,6-Dichiorobenzonitrile No 

2- (2 , 4-Dichlorophenoxy )propionic acid , 

dimethylamlne salt No 

2-(2,4-Dichiorophenoxy)propionlc acid, isooctyi ester . No 

3-(3,4-Dichlorophenyi)-1,1-dimethylurea (Diuron) No 

3-(3,4-Dichiorophenyi)-1-methoxy-1-methylurea 

(Linuron) No 

2-(3,4-Dlchiorophenyl)-4-methyi-1 ,2,4- 

oxadiazolldine-3,5-dione (iVIethazoie) No 

1-(2,4-Dichiorophenyl)4-propyl-1,3-dloxolan-2- 

ylmethyl-1H-1 ,2,4-triazoie No 

2- (3 , 5-Dichiorophenyl) -2- (2 , 2 , 2-trichloroethyi) - 

oxirane (tridiphane) No 

3' ,4'-Dichioroproplonaniiide (Propanll) Yes 

3,7-Dichloro-8-quinolinic acid No 

S-(0,0-Dllsopropyi phosphorodithioate) ester of N- 

(a-mercaptoethyl)benzenesulfonamlde 

(Bensulide) No 

1,1'-Dimethyi-4,4'-bipyridlnium dichioride ....'. No 

N,N-Dimethyi-2,2-diphenylacetamide (Diphenamld) ... No 

Dimethyi-2,3,5,6-tetrachloroterephthalate (DCPA) No 

N-5-1 ,1-Dimethyi)-1 ,3,4-thiadiazoi-2-yl-N,N- 

dimethylurea (Tebuthluron) No 

1 , 1 -Dimethyl-3- ( a , a , a-trlfluoro-m-tolyl) urea 

(Fiuometuron) No 

DInitrobutylphenol (DNBP) No 

Dinitrobutylphenoi,triethanolamlne salt No 

2,6-Dlnitro-N,N-dipropyi cumidlne No 

3,5-Dinitro-N;N-dipropylsuifaniiamlde No 

2 - ( Ethylamino ) -4- ( isopropylamino ) -6- (methyithio ) 

-s-triazine (Ametryne) No 



CGY. 

MNA. 

MNA. 

MNA. 

RH. 

CGY, DUP. 

DUP. 
MNA. 

DUP. 

RiV. 

FMN, (2). 

DUP. 

DUP. 
ZOC. 
USR. 

RiV. 
RiV. 
DUP. 

DUP. 

ZOC. 

iCI. 

ICI. 

CED, CYT, RH. 

NES. 



ICI. 

iCi, (2). 
CWN. 
SDS. 

LIL. 

CGY. 

CED. 

CED. 

LIL. 

(^). 

CGY. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



13-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 40— Continued 

Pesticides and related products for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 



Pesticides and related products 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 41) 



Cyclic— Continued 

Herbicides and plant growth reguiators— Continued 
Ethyl 2- [ [ I [ (4-chioro-6-methoxypyrimidin-2-yi) - 
amino] carbonyi] amino] suit onyi] benzoate 

(Chiorimuron ethyi) No 

S-Ethyl cyciohexyimethylthiocarbamate No 

S-Ethyl-hexahydro-1 H-azepine-1 -carbothioate 

(IVIoiinate) No 

N- [3-( 1 -Ethyl-1 -methylpropyl) -5-lsoxazolyi] -2 , 6- 

dimethoxybenzamide (Fiexidor) No 

N- ( 1 -Ethyipropyi ) -3 ,4-dimethyi-2 , 6- 

dinitrobenzenamine No 

isopropyi N-(3-chiorophenyi) carbamate (CiPC) No 

2-(2-Methyl-4-chiorophenoxy)propionlc acid, 

diethanoiamlne salt No 

2- (2-Methyi-4-chiorophenoxy) propionic acid , 

isooctyi ester No 

1-(2-l\/iethyicyciohexyi)-3-phenyIurea (Siduron) No 

iViethyi 2- [ [ [ [ (4 , 6-dimethoxypyrlmidin-2-yi) - 
amino] carbonyi] amino] sulf onyl] methyl] benzoate 

(Bensuifuron) (Londax) No 

iViethyi 2- [ [ [ [ (4 , 6-dimethyl-2-pyrimidiny i) amino- 

carbonyi] amino] suif onyi] benzoate No 

1 -iVIethyl-3-phenyi-5- [3- (trifiuoromethyi) phenyl] - 

4(1H)-pyridone (Fiuridone) No 

N-1-Naphthylphthaiamic acid (NPA) No 

7-Oxabicycio- [2.2.1] -heptane-2 , 3-dicarboxylic acid , 

disodium salt (Endothaii) No 

Phenoxyacetic acid derivatives: Yes 

4-Chioro-2-methyiphenoxyacetlc acid, 

dimethyiamine salt No 

4-Chioro-2-methyiphenoxyacetic acid, iso- 
octyi ester No 

2, 4-dichiorophenoxy acetic acid, esters and salts: 

2,4-Dichiorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) No 

2, 4-Dichiorophenoxyacetic acid, sec-butyi ester ... No 
2 ,4-Dichiorophenoxyacetic acid , dimethyiamine 

salt No 

2 , 4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid , ethanoiamine 

and isopropanoiamine salts No 

2,4-Dichiorophenoxyacetio acid.iso-octyi ester .... No 
2,4-Dichiorophenoxyacetlc acid, isopropyi ester .... No 
Plant growth reguiators: 
N- [Acetyiamino ) methyl] -2-chloro-N- (2 , 6- 

diethyiphenyi)acetamide No 

a- (4-Chiorophenyl) methyi-a- (1,1- 

dimethyiethyi)-1 , 2,4-triazoie-1-ethanol No 

2-Chioro-6-(trichloromethyl) pyridine No 

a-Cyciopropyi-a- (p-methoxyphenyi) -5- 

pyrimldine methanol (Ancymidoi) No 

2, 4-Diohiorobenzyitrlbutylphosphonium chloride No 

2,3-Dihydro-5,6-dlmethyl-1 ,4-dithiin-1 ,1 ,4,4- 

tetraoxlde No 

1 ,1-Dimethylpiperidinium chloride No 

N- [2 , 4-dimethyi-5- [ [trifiuoromethyi] suif onyi] - 

amino] phenyl] acetamide, diethanoiamlne salt No 

Gibbereiiic acid No 

a- ( 1 -methyiethyi-a- [4-trif iuore-methoxy ] 

phenyl )-5-pyrimldinemethanoi (Flurprimidol) No 

3,5,6-Trichioro-2-pyrldinyloxyacetic acid No 

a , a , a-Trif luoro-2 , 6-dinitro-N , N-dipropyl-p- 
toiuidlne (Trifiuraiin) No 



DUP. 
ICI. 



iCi. 
LiL. 



ACY. 
PPG, SOC. 



RiV. 



RIV. 
ADC, DUP. 



DUP. 
DUP. 



LIL. 
USR. 



PAS. 



RiV. 




RiV. 




DOW, 


GTH. 


DO\N. 




DOW, 


PBi, RiV, 


DOW, 


RiV. 


DOW. 




AMV. 





MNA. 



DOW. 



LIL. 
USR. 



NES. 
BAS. 



MiVIM. 
ABB. 



LIL. 
DOW. 



LiL. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



13-5 



Section 13 

Table 40— Continued 

Pesticides and related products for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 



Pesticides and related products 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 41) 



Cyclic— Continued 

Herbicides and plant growth regulators— Continued 
Plant growth regulators— Continued 

a , a , a-Trifluoro-2 , 6-dlnitro-N-ethyl-N- (2- 

methyl-2-propenyl)-p-toluidine (Ethylfluralln) No 

All other cyclic herbicides No 

Insect attractants and repellents; 

N,N-Diethyltoluamide (DEBT) No 

All other insects attractants No 

Insecticides: Yes 

Bacillus thuringiensis No 

Bls(pentachloro-2,4-dicyclopentadlen-1-yl) No 

2,3,4,5-S2-Butenylene-tetrahydrofurfural No 

2-(p-tert-Butylphenoxy)cyclohexyl-2-propynyl sulfite . . No 
Cyano (4-fluoro-3-phenoxyphenyl) methyl-3- 

( 2 , 2-dichloro-ethenyl) -2 , 2-dimethylcyclopropane 

carboxylate No 

Cyano-3-phenoxybenzyl-cls , trans-3- (2 , 2- 

dichlorovlnyl) -2 , 2-dimethylcyclopropane 

carboxylate No 

Cy ano ( 3-phenoxyphenyl ) methyl-4-chloro-a- ( 1 - 

methylethyl)benzeneacetate No 

All other cyclic Insecticides No 

Cypermethrin No 

O , O-Diethyl O- (2-dlethylamino-6-methyl-4- 

pyrimidinyl)phosphorothioate No 

2 , 3-Dihydro-2 , 2-dimethyl-7-benzof uranyl 

[(dlbutylamlno)thio]methyl carbamate No 

2 , 3-Dlhydro-2 , 2-dimethyl-7-benzof uranyl 

methyicarbamate No 

2, 3-dihydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-7-benzof uranyl No 

Dl-n-propyllsocinchomeronate No 

Dlstlnnaxane, hexakis(2-methyl-2-phenylpropyl) No 

Methyl 3-(2,2-dichloroethenyl)-2,2-dimethyl-3- 

cyano-3-phenoxyphenylcyclopropanecarboxylate .... No 
3-(Phenoxyphenyl) methyl-cis, trans-3-(2,2- 

dichloroethenyl)-2,2-dimethyl cyclopropane- 

carboxylate No 

Tetrahy dro-3 , 5-dimethyl-2 ( 1 H ) -pyrimldlnone 

[3- [4- (trifluoromethyl) phenyl] -1 - [2- [4- 

(trifluoromethyl) phenyl] ethenyl]-2-propenylidlne] 

hydrozone No 

Tricyclohexyltin hydroxide No 

Chlorinated Insecticides: Yes 

2-Chloro-N- [ [ [4- (trifluoromethoxy) phenyl] amino] - 
carbonyl]benzamide No 

Heptachloro-tetrahydro-endo-methanoindene 

(Heptachlor) No 

Octachiorohexahydro-4 , 7-methanoindene 
( Chlordan) No 

1 ,1 ,1-Trlchloro-2,2-bls(p-methoxyphenyl)ethane 
(Methoxychlor) No 

All other chlorinated insecticides, cyclic No 

Organophosphorus insecticides: Yes 

0-(2,4-Dlchlorophenyl) O-ethyl S-propyl 
phosphorodithioate No 

0-(2-(Diethylamlno)-6-methyl (4-pyrimldinyl) 
0,0-dlmethyl phosphrothioate No 

O , O-Diethyl O- [4- (methylsulfinyl) phenyl-] 
phosphorothioate No 

O , O-Diethyl 0-3 , 5 , 6-trichloro-2-pyrldyl- 
phosphorothioate No 



LIL. 

FRI, RH, SOC. 

HCL, MRF, TNA. 
ICI. 

ABB, ZOC. 
ZOC. 
PLC. 
ACY, USR. 



DUP. 

FMN, ZOC, (2). 

CED, FMN. 

FMN, NES. 

FMN. 
P). 
MGK. 
DUP. 

FMN. 



CED, FMN, (2). 



ACY. 
DOW. 



CHG. 

VEL. 

VEL. 

CHF. 
DUP. 

CHG. 
n- 
CHG. 
DOW. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



13-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 40— Continued 

Pesticides and related products for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 



Pesticides and related products 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 41) 



Cyclic— Continued 

insecticides— Continued 
Organophosphorus insecticides— Continued 
O , O-Dlmethyi 0-4- ( methy ithio ) -m-toiyl- 

phosphorothioate (Fenthlon) No 

0,0-Dimethyi S-I(4-oxo-1 ,2,3-benzotriazln 
-3 ( 3H ) -yi ) methyl] phosphorodithloate 

(Azinphos-methyi) No 

O-Ethyi 0-[4-(methyithio)phenyi] S-propyi 

phosphorodithioate No 

N-(IVIercaptomethyi)phthaiimide S-(0,0- 

dimethyiphosphorodithioate) No 

O , O ' - ( Thiodi-4 , 1 -phenyiene) bis ( O , O-dlmethyi- 

phosphorothioate (Temphos) No 

Rodentlcides: No 

3-(a-Acetonyibenzyi)-4-hydroxycoumarin (Warfarin) . . No 
3-[3-(4'-Bromo[1,1'-biphenyi]-4-yi)-1, 2,3,4- 
tetrahydro-1 -naphthaienyi] -4-hydroxy-2H-1 - 

benzopyran-2-one No 

2-Diphenyiacetyi-1 ,3-indandione and sodium salt No 

2-isovaieryi-1 ,3-indandione No 

2-Plvaioyi-1 ,3-indandione (Pindone) No 

Ail other cyclic pesticides: No 

Benzyi-2-chloro-4-(trifiuoromethyi)-5- 

thiazoiecarboxyiate No 

a- [2- (2-n-Butoxyethoxy ) ethoxy] -4 , 5- 
methyienedioxy-2-propyitoiuene 

(Piperonyl butoxide) No 

N,N-diallyi-2,2-dichloroacetamide No 

N- (2-Ethyihexyl) bicycio (2 .2.1) -5-heptene-2 , 

3-dicarboximide No 

1 -IVIethyi-3 , 5 , 7-trleiza-1 -azonia tricyciodecane 

chloride No 

2,2,5-Trimethyi-3-(dichioroacetyi)-1,3-oxazolidine No 

Ail other pesticides and related products, cyclic No 

Acyclic: 

Fungicides: Yes 

Bis-1 ,4-bromoacetoxy-2-butene No 

Bis(tributyitin) oxide No 

1 ,2-Dibromo-2,4-dicyanobutane No 

Disodium cyanodithioimidocarbonate No 

n-Dodecyiguanidine acetate (Dodine) No 

Dodecyiguanidine hydrochloride No 

Methyienebls(thiocyanate) No 

Poly [oxyethyiene (dimethyiimino) -ethylene 

(dimethyllmino)ethyiene dichioride] No 

Tributyitin chloride No 

Dithiocarbamic acid fungicides: 

Dimethyldithlocarbamic acid, potassium salt No 

Ethylene bis (dithiocarbamic acid), disodium 

salt (Nabam) No 

Ethylene bis (dithiocarbamic acid), manganese 

salt with zinc ions No 

Ethylene bis (dithiocarbamic acid), zinc and 

manganese salts No 

Hydroxymethyl (methyl) dithiocarbamic acid, 

potassium salt No 

N-Methyldithiocarbamic acid, potassium salt No 

Herbicides and plant growth regulators: Yes 

2,2-Dichioropropionic acid, sodium salt (Dalapon) No 

Dimethyiarsinic acid (Cacodyiic acid) No 



CHG. 

CHG, DUP. 

CHG. 

iCI. 

iCI. 

MOT. 



LIL, (2). 
MOT. 
MOT. 
MOT. 



MNA. 



ALP, TNA. 
ICI. 

MGK. 

BKM. 
ICI. 



VIN. 

(^). 

MRK. 

BKM. 

ACY. 

MRK. 

MRK, VIN. 

BKM. 
{')■ 

ALC, BKM. 

ALC, VCC. 

DUP. 

RH. 

BKM. 
BKM. 

DOW. 
VIN. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



13-7 



Section 13 

Table 40— Continued 

Pesticides and related products for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 



Pesticides and related products 



Separate 
statistics^ 



/Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 41) 



Acyclic— Continued 

Herbicides and plant growth regulator— Continued 

S-Ethyl diisobutylthiocarbamate (Butylate) No 

S-Ethyl dipropylthlocarbamate (EPTC) No 

Methanearsonic acid, disodlum salt (DSH/IA) No 

Methanearsonic acid, dodecyl- and octyi- amnnonium 

salts No 

H/iethanearsonic acid, nnonosodium salt (H/ISiVIA) No 

IViethylthiosulfonic add, S-(2-hydroxypropyi) ester No 

N-(Phosphonomethyl) glycine, isopropylamlne salt No 

S-Propyi butylethylthlocarbamate (Pebulate) No 

S-Propyi dipropylthlocarbamate (Vernolate) No 

Thiocyanic acid, methylene ester No 

S,S,S-Tributyi phosphorotrithioate No 

Plant growth regulators: 

6-BenzyiedenIne (BAP) No 

N-(Phosphonomethyl)giyclne, sodium sesqui salt No 

All other plant growth regulators: No 

Ail other acyclic herbicides No 

Insecticides: No 

Ethyl 3,7,11-trimethyidodeca-2,4-dIenoate No 

lsopropyl-1 1 -methoxy-3 , 7,11 -trlmethyidodeca-2 , 

4-dlenoate No 

iViethyl N' ,N'-dimethyl-N-[(methyicarbamoyl)oxy-] 

-1-thiooxamidate No 

S-Methyi-N- [ (methyicarbamoyi) oxy] thloacetimidate 

(Methomyi) No 

Organophosphorus Insecticides: Yes 
S- [1 ,2-Bls (ethoxycarbonyi) ethyl] O , O-dimethyl 

phosphorodithloate (Maiathlon) No 

2-Carbomethoxy-1-propen-2-yl dimethyl phosphate ... No 
1,2-Dibromo-2,2-dichloroethyl dimethyl phosphate 

(Naled) No 

O , O-Dlethyl S- [2- (ethyithio) ethyl] phosphorodithloate 

(DIsulfoton) No 

0,0-Dlethyl S-[ (ethyithio) methyl] phosphorodithloate 

(Phorate) No 

3- ( DImethoxyphosphinyloxy ) -N , N-dlmethyi-cis- 

crotonamlde No 

O , S-Dimethyiacetylphosphoramidothloate 

(Acephate) No 

0,0-Dimethyi-0-2,2-dichlorovinyi phosphate (DDVP) . . No 
S- [ I ( 1 , 1 -Dimethylethyl) thiol methyl] O , O-diethyi 

phosphorodithloate (Turbufos) No 

Dimethyl phosphate of 3-hydroxy-N-methyi-cis- 

crotonamide No 

0,S-Dimethyi phosphoramidothioate No 

O-Ethyi S,S-di-sec-butyl phosphorodithloate No 

O , O , C , C -Tetraethy I S , S ' -methylene 

bisphosphoro-dithloate (Ethion) No 

All other acyclic insecticides No 

Rodenticldes: No 

2-Hydroxyethyi n-octyl sulfide No 

Sodium fluoroacetate No 

Soli fumlgants: No 

1 ,3-Dlchloropropene No 

Methyl bromide (Bromomethane) No 

N-Methyldlthlocarbamic acid, sodium salt (Metham) ... No 

Methyl Isothiocyanate and 1 ,3-dlchloropropene No 

Trichioronltromethane (Chloroplorin) No 

All other acyclic pesticides; No 
3-Ail(oxy-2-hydroxypropyl trimethyi ammonium 

chloride No 

N-Aikyl-1-naphthyimethyl ammonium chloride No 

Ammonium oxydlethylenebis (alkly* dimethyl chloride) 

*Ali<yl-40% C, 50% C, 10% C No 



ICI, PPG, see. 
ICI, PPG, SOC. 
VIN. 

VIN. 

SDS, VIN. 

BKM. 

MNA. 

ICI. 

iCI. 

BKM. 

CHG. 

ABB. 
MNA. 
USR. 
DUP, VIN. 

DOW, ZOC, (2). 

ZOC, (2). 

DUP. 

DUP. 

ACY. 
AMV, DUP. 

AMV. 

CHG. 

ACY. 

DUP. 

SOC. 
AMV. 

ACY. 

DUP. 
CHG. 
FMN, NES. 

FMN. 
SHC. 

PLC. 
TUL. 

DOW. 

GTL, TNA. 

AMV, BKM, CED, ICI. 

MRT. 

LCP, NLO, TNA, WCL. 



ARS. 
BKM. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



13-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 40— Continued 

Pesticides and related products for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1988 

Separate Manufacturers' Identification codes 

Pesticides and related products statistics^ (according to list In table 41) 

Acyclic— Continued 

All other acyclic pesticides— Continued 

Bromoacetlc acid No VIN . 

N-Cocoalkyi-1 ,3-propyienediamlne acetate No (*) . 

2-[(Hydroxymethyi)aminol-2-methyipropanol No TRO. 

2-(Hydroxymethyi)ethanoi No TRO. 

3-lodo-2-propynyl butylcarbamate No TRO. 

All other pesticides and related products, acyclic No CWN, USR, ZOO, (*), 

^ Chemicals for which seperate statistics are reported In this section are indicated by 'Yes.' Chemicals for which 

data are accepted In confidence and may not be published are Indicated by 'No.' 

2 The manufacturer did not consent to his Identification with the dislgnated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



13-9 



Section 13 

Table 41 

Pesticides and related products: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1988 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



ABB Abbott Laboratories 

ACY American Cyanamid Co. 

ADC Anderson Development Co. 

ALC AIco Chemical Corp. 

ALP Alpha Laboratories, Inc. 

AMV Amvac Chemical Corp. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BKM Buckman Laboratories, Inc. 

CCA Akzo Chemicals, Inc. 

CED Cedar Chemical Co. 

CGY Clba-Gelgy Corp. 

CHF KIncald Enterprises, Inc. 

CHG IVIobay Chemical Crop. , Agricultural 

Chemicals DIv. 

COS Cosan Chemical Corp. 

CWN Upjohn Co. , Fine Chemicals 

CYT Cumberland international Corp. 

DOW Dow Chemical Co. 

DUP E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co. , Inc. 

Agricultural Products 

PER Ferro Corp., Ferro Chemical DIv. 

FMN FMC Corp., Agricultural Chemical 

Group 

FMT Falrmount Chemical Co., Inc. 

FBI Farmland Industries, Inc. 

FRO Vulcan Materials Co., Chemicals DIv. 

GIV GIvaudan Corp. 

GTH Guth Corporation 

QTL Great Lakes Chemical Corp. 

HCL Hoescht Celanese Corp. , Fine 

Chemicals, DIv. 

ICI ICI Americas Inc. , Agricultural 

Chemicals DIv. 

LCP LCP Chemlcals-Malne 



LIL Eli Lilly & Co. 

MCI Mooney Chemical, Inc. 

MGK McLaughlin Gormley King Co. 

MMM Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co. 

MNA Monsanto Agriculture Co. 

MOT Motomco, Ltd. 

MRF Morflex Chemical Co. , Inc. 

MRK Merck & Co. , Inc. 

MRT Morton-Thlokol, Inc., Morton Chemical 

DIv. 

NES Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co. 

NLO NIklor Chemical Co. , Inc. 

NOD Huls America, Inc. 

PAS Pennwait Corp. 

PBI PBI-Gordon Corp. 

PLC Phillips 66 Co. 

PPG PPG Industries, Inc. 

RH Rohm & Haas Co. 

RIV RIverdale Chemical Co. 

SDS Fermenta Plant Protection 

SHC Shell Oil Co. , Shell Chemical Co. 

SOC Chevron Corp., Chevron Chemical Co. 

SOM Southland Corp. 

TNA Ethyl Corp. 

TRO Troy Chemical Corp. 

TUL Tull Chemical Co. , Inc. 

USR Unlroyal, Inc., Unlroyal Chemical DIv. 

VCC VInlngs Chemical Co. 

VEL Velslcol Chemical Corp. 

VIN Vineland Chemical Co. , Inc. 

VNC Vanderbllt Chemical Corp. 

WCL Wright Chemical Corp. 

ZOC Sandoz Crop Protection 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed In app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



13-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Section 14 

Miscellaneous End-Use 

Chemicals and Chemical 

Products 

This section incorporates those end-use groups 
which are not readily classifiable within the prior 
sections of this report. Both cyclic and acyclic 
chemicals fall within this section. Production and 
sales of the end-use chemicals contained within 
this section continue to follow a general increase 
since 1985. 

In 1988, the production of miscellaneous 
end-use chemicals amounted to 28,528 million 
pounds, an increase of 13.1 percent from the 
more than 25,223 million pounds of production 
reported for 1987. Production of these chemicals 
remained nearly level but steadily increasing 
throughout 1985-88 (figure 15). Sales in 1988 
totaled 22,518 million pounds, valued at $9,449 
million (table 42). The sales quantity increased 
7.2 percent from that of 1987 with the value of 
sales increasing by 28.5 percent. Polymers for 
fibers and end uses of urea collectively accounted 



for 64.8 percent of the 1988 production of these 
miscellaneous end-use chemicals. The total 
published end-uses for urea accounted for 47.9 
percent of the 1988 sales quantity of these 
chemicals. 

Production of end-use chemicals used in the 
auto and motor fuels market indicated continued 
upward trends. Production of fuel additives for 
1988 totaled 6,114 million pounds, an increase of 
57.7 percent from the previous year. Approxi- 
mately 92.9 percent of production in this category 
was methyl t-butyl ether. The increase of 61.6 
percent in reported production from 1987 is due 
to the increasing end-uses of this chemical as an 
octane enhancer as well as an increase in the 
number of companies that had previously 
misstated production or failed legal reporting 
requirements. 

Table 43 lists the products reported in this 
section and indicates the manufacturer (s) of each 
by code. These codes are identified by company 
name in table 44. 

David G. Michels 
202-252-1352 



Figure 15 

Miscellaneous End-Use Chemicals and Chemical Products: U.S. production, 1984-88 



Millions 
of pounds 



30- 



15- 



5- 



1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. international Trade Commission. 



14-1 



Section 14 



Table 42 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products: U.S. production and sales, 1988 



Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Average 

Unit 

value^ 



1.000 
pounds 

Grand total 28.527.873 

Chelating agents, nitriloaclds and salts, total 276,302 

(Dlethylenetrlnltrllo)pentaacetlc acid, pentasodlum 

salt 16,286 

(Ethylenedlnltrllo) tetraacetlo acid (EDTA) 7,515 

(Ethylenedlnitrllo)tetraoetlo add, diammonlum salt ... 3,222 
(Ethylenedlnltrllo)tetraacetic acid, dlsodlum 

copper salt, dlhydrate 535 

(Ethylenedlnltrllo)tetraacetlc acid, dlsodlum salt 1 ,852 

(Ethylenedlnltrllo)tetraacetlc acid, monosodlum Iron 

salt 2,106 

(Ethylenedlnltrllo)tetraacetlc acid, tetrasodlum salt . . . 82,375 
(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedlnltrllo)trlacetlc acid, 

trisodlum salt 10,986 

All other chelating agents, nitriloaclds and salts 151 ,425 

Chemical Indicators 4 

Chemical reagents and fine chemicals 485 

Enzymes: 

Bacterial amylase (') 

Pectlnase (^) 

Proteases, total (') 

Rennln (*) 

All other proteases (^) 

Flotation reagents 19,180 

Fuel additives, totai= 6,114,019 

Methyl t-butyl ether< » 5,679,953 

All other fuel additives 434,066 

Lubricating oil and grease additives, total 667,794 

Oil soluble petroleum sulfonate, barium salt 8,671 

Oil soluble petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt 218,733 

All other lubricating oil and grease additives 440,390 

Paint driers, naphthenic acid salts, totai° ' 7,525 

Cobalt naphthenate 2.780 

All other paint driers, naphthenic acid salts 4,745 

Photographic chemicals 18,669 

Polymers for fibers, totai^ 6,819,814 

Nylon 6 and 6/6" » 2,450,025 

Poiyacryionitrlle and acrylonltrile copolymers" 566,509 

All other polymers for fibers 3,803,280 

Polymers, water soluble, total 696,039 

Cellulose esters and ethers: 

Hydroxethyiceilulose 32,869 

Sodium carboxymethylcellulose 49.673 

Polyacrylamlde {") 

Polyacryllc add salts, total 250,206 

Sodium ammonium polyacrylate and copolymers 116,581 

All other polyacryllc acid salts 133,625 

All other water soluble polymers 363,291 



1,000 
pounds 



22,518,071 



214,838 



15,942 
5,351 
2,171 

206 
1,838 

1,940 
54,662 

4,125 

128,603 

4 

433 



19,701 
4,813,892 



4,493,960 
319,932 
577,000 



8,563 
166.607 
401.830 

7.299 



2,827 
4,472 

8,274 

3,630,338 



3,630,338 
614,382 



P) 

(^) 

37,484 

218.931 



106,014 
112,917 



1,000 
dollars 



Per 
pound 



9,448,536 $0.42 
137,129 .64 



9,900 
4.758 
1.318 

343 
3.221 

2,717 
33,852 



.62 
.89 
.61 

1.67 
1.75 

1.40 
.62 



2,757 .67 

78,263 .61 

417 104.25 

33,197 76.67 



21,930 

1,240 

40,102 

16,192 

23,910 

7,518 

1,303,669 



951,277 
352,392 
403,853 



7,354 
108,842 
287,657 



6,883 

4.192 

48.263 

4,753,634 



n 

4,753.634 
672,472 



P) 

39,998 

205.348 



101.420 
103.928 
427.126 



.38 
.27 

.21 

1.10 

.70 

.86 
.65 
.72 

11,075 1.52 



2.43 

.94 

5.83 

1.31 

{') 
1.31 



P) 

1.07 

.94 

.96 
.92 

1.19 



See footnotes at end of table. 



14-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 42— Continued 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products: U.S. production and sales, 1988 



Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products 





Sales 




Average 
Unit 


Production 


Quantity 


Value 


value' 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
pounds 


1,000 
dollars 


Per 
pound 


139,015 


133,854 


137,351 


$1.03 


39,274 


25,735 


19,738 


.77 


78,442 


55,664 


42,735 


.77 


570 


501 


263 


.53 


77,872 


55,163 


42,472 


.77 


382,330 
2,556,005 
8,724,077 


364,914 
2,111,403 
8,080,520 


31 ,373 
282,093 
480,779 


.09 
.13 
.06 


1,988,899 


1,859,820 


1,019,968 


.55 



Poly-a-oleflns 

Tanning materials synthetic 

Textile chemicals, other than surface-active 

agents, total 

Urea polymers with formaldehyde and methanol 

All other textile chemicals, other than surface- 
active agents 

Urea In compounds or mixtures: 

In feed compounds 

In liquid fertilizer 

In solid fertilizer 

All other miscellaneous end-use chemicals 

and chemical products^ 



' Calculated from unrounded figures. 

2 Reported data were accepted in confidence an may not be published, or no data were reported. 

^ Statistics exclude production and sales of trlcresyi phosphate. Statistics on tricresyl phosphate are given with the 

section on "Piasticizers." 

* The difference between the production reported here and that shown on the Preliminary Report on U.S. 
Production of Selected Organic Chemicals (Including Synthetic Plastics and Resins Materials, 1988, results from a 
combination of Incorrect reporting by some companies, end-of-year Inventory adjustment, and rounding. 

* Production totals shown for this chemical include quarterly production data In instances where companies reported 
Inaccurate annual data or failed to report annual data. Totals also Include reporting by companies which failed to 
report on a quarterly basis. 

B Quantities are given on the basis of solid naphthenate. 

^ Statistics exclude production and sales of copper naphthenate. Statistics for copper naphthenate are given In the 

section on "Pesticides and Related Products." 

8 Quarterly production data for polyethylene terephthaiate are incorrect due to Inaccurate reporting. Annual 

production figures cannot be published because disclosure would result. 

8 Production totals shown for this chemical include quarterly production In instances where annual data were 

determined to be inaccurate. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. international Trade Commission. 



14-3 



Section 14 

Table 43 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products for which U.S. production and/or sales were 

either reported or estimated, identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products 



Separate 


Manufacturers' identification c 


statistics^ 


(according to list In table 44) 


No 


PFZ. 


No 


PIC. 


No 


MCK. 


No 


MCK. 


No 


LEIVI. 


No 


CHT, HMP. 


No 


NSW. 


No 


LEM. 


No 


DGC. 


No 


MNA. 


No 


BRS. 


No 


HMP. 


No 


AJi, HCC. 


No 


ALD, EK. 


Yes 




No 


DUP. 


No 


n- 


No 


MYO, OMC. 


No 


MYO, OMC. 


No 


CGY, DOW, HMP. 


No 


CGY. 


Yes 


CGY, DOW, HMP. 


No 


HMP. 


No 


HMP. 


Yes 


CGY, DOW, HMP. 


No 


CGY, DAN, DOW. 


Yes 


CGY, DOW, HMP. 


No 


EK. 


Yes 


CGY, DAN, DOW, HMP, PLC, 


Yes 


CGY, DOW, HMP. 


No 


CGY, DOW, HMP. 


No 


SHC, TX. 


No 


CGY, HMP. 


No 


DOW. 


Yes 


CGY, FER, HMP. 


No 


CGY, DOW. 


No 


HMP, (2). 


Yes 


CGY, DOW, HMP. 


No 


CGY, HMP, TX. 


No 


BLZ. 


No 


BLZ, PFN. 


No 


MYO, OMC. 


No 


MYO. 


No 


DOW, HMP. 



Amino acids and their salts: 

Aspartic acid 

N,N-Bis(2,2-acetamido)glycine 

N,N-Dlmethylglycine 

N,N-Dimethylgiycine hydrochloride 

Glutamic acid hydrochloride 

Glycine (Aminoacetic acid) , non-medical 

Phenyl alanine 

Potassium glutamate 

Methionine and its salts: 

Methionine (animal feed grade) 

Methionine, hydroxy analogue, calcium salt 

Protein hydrosylates 

Sarcosine 

All other amino acids and salts, cyclic 

Biological stains: 

Biological stains 

Chelating agents, nitriioaoids and salts: 

N-Alkylamine bismethylenephosphonic acid 

N-Alkylaminobismethylene phosphonic acid salts 

(Diethylenetriamine)pentamethylenephosphonic acid . . 
(Dlethylenetriamine)pentamethylenephosphonic acid, 

sodium salt 

(Diethylenetrinitrllo)pentaacetic acid 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid, monosodium 

hydrogen ferric salt 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid, pentasodium salt 

N,N-Dihydroxyethylglyclne, sodium salt 

Ethanoldiglycine, disodium salt 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid 

(Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) (EDTA) 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, calcium 

disodium salt 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, diammonium salt . . 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, dipotassium salt . . . 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium copper 

salt, dihydrate 

(Ethylenedinltrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium salt 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium zinc 

salt , dihydrate 

(Ethylenedinltrilo)tetraacetic acid, magnesium salt ... 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetio acid, manganese salt ... 
(Ethylenedinltrilo)tetraacetic acid, monoammonium 

ferric salt 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, monosodium 

iron salt 

(Ethylenedlnitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetraammonium salt 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetrapotassium salt 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetrasodium salt ... 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, trisodium salt 

Glucoheptonic acid, P-isomer, sodium salt 

Glucoheptonic acid, sodium salt 

Hexamethylenediaminetetra(methylenephosphonic 

acid) , potassium salt 

Hydroxyethane-1-diphosphonic acid 

(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo)triacetic acid. 

Iron salt 



See footnotes at end of table. 



14-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 43— Continued 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products for which U.S. production and/or sales were 
either reported or estimated, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 44) 



Chelating agents, nitriloaclds and salts— Continued 
(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo)trlacetlc acid, 

magnesium salt No 

( N-Hydroxy ethylethyienedlnitrilo ) triacetic acid , 

trisodium salt Yes 

Hydroxyethylldene diphosphonio acid, potassium salt .... No 

Hydroxyethylldene diphosphonio acid, sodium salt No 

Nitrlloacetic acid, zinc salt No 

Nitrilotrlacetic acid No 

Nitrllotrlacetic acid, trisodium salt No 

NItriio-tris-methyiene triphosphonic acid No 

Nitriio-tris-methylene triphosphonic acid, potassium 

salt No 

Nitriio-tris-methylene triphosphonic acid, sodium salt ... No 
2-Phosphonobutane-1 ,2,4-tricarboxylic acid, 

sodium salt No 

Poiyamine polymethane phosphonio acid No 

Polyamine polymethane phosphonio acid, magnesium 

salt No 

Ail other chelating agents, nitriloaclds and salts No 

Chemical indicators: 

Chemical indicators Yes 

Chemical reagents and fine chemicals; 

Chemical reagents and fine chemicals Yes 

Enzymes: Yes 
Hydrolytio enzymes: 
Amylases: 

Bacterial amylase Yes 

Glucoamylase No 

IVlaitase No 

All other amylases No 

Proteases: 

Papain No 

Pepsin No 

Protease (bacterial) No 

Rennin Yes 

All other proteases No 

Other hydrolytio enzymes: 

Cholesterol esterase No 

Hydrolytio enzyme mixtures No 

Lipase No 

Pectinase Yes 

Other hydrolytio enzymes No 

Non-hydrolytic enzymes: 

Cholesterol oxidase No 

Glucose oxidase No 

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase No 

Glycerol kinase No 

Uricase No 

Flotation reagents: Yes 

Allyl n-butyl trithiocarbonate No 

Phosphorodithloates, used as flotation reagents: 

Dicresylphosphorodithloic acid No 

DIcresylphosphorodithioic acid, ammonium salt No 

DIcresylphosphorodithiolc acid, sodium salt No 

Rosin amines No 

Sodium n-butylxanthate No 

Thiocarbanillde (Diphenylthiourea) No 

Xanthates and sulfides, used as flotation reagent: 

All other flotation reagents No 



DOW, HMP. 




CGY, DOW, 


HMP. 


n- 




MYO, (=). 




HMP. 




HMP, MON. 




HMP. 




BKM, MYO, 


OMC, (2) 


(=)■ 




MYO, OMC, 


P), P). 


P). 




n. (")■ 





RPC. 

BKM, CGY, HMP, OMC, SOP, (2). 

ALD, EK, GFS. 

ALD, EK, ENJ, GFS, HMY, PAH, PFN, 
PIC, PLB, REG, RSA, UPJ, UPM, {'). 



GBF, GNR, 


MLS, 


NBI, PMP, 


GBF, MLS, 


NBI. 




PFZ. 






GBF, TX. 






GBF, PFZ. 






CHH. 






NBI. 






CHH, MLS, 


PFZ. 




GBF, GNR, 


MLS, 


SPR. 


BCK, MLS. 






JFR. 






CHH, GNR. 






GBF, GNR, 


MLS. 




GNR, MLS, 


PMP, 


(^). 


BCK, UPJ. 






BCK. 






BCK. 






BCK. 






BCK. 






CED. 






ACY, (2). 






ACY. 






n. 






HPC, SHX. 






USR. 






ACY. 







CXI, DAN, ELC, SHX, {^). 



See footnotes at end of table. 



14-5 



Section 14 

Table 43— Continued 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products for which U.S. production and/or sales were 
either reported or estimated, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list In table 44) 



Fuel additives: 

Diesel fuel additives: Yes 

Hexyl nitrate No 

All other diesel fuel additives, acyclic No 

All other diesel fuel additives, cyclic No 

Fuel oil additives: 
Adipic acid-diethylenetriamine-epichlorohydrin 

polymer No 

Di-tert-amyl-phenyl acid phosphate No 

4,4'-Di-sec-butylaminodiphenylmethane No 

N,N-Dimethyl-1,3-propanediamine polymer with 

epichlorohydrin, sulfate No 

N,N'-Disalicylidene-1 ,2-propanediamine No 

Ethoxylated hydantoin glycol dicocoate No 

Formaldehyde polymer with ethylenediamine and 

nonyl phenol derivatives No 

Imidazoline from tall oil fatty acids and 

diethylenetriamine No 

Methylene-bis( dimethyl) hydantoin and derivatives No 

Mixed aryl diimides No 

Phenyl acid phosphate No 

Polybutylether carbamate No 

Poly(dimethylimino(2-hydroxytrimethylene)chlorlde) ... No 
Polyethylenepolyamine polymer with 1,4- 

dihyroxy-2-butyne No 

Rust preventing additives No 

Tetrahydropyrimidine from tall oil fatty acids and 

propylenediamine No 

All other fuel additives, acyclic No 

Gasoline addltivles: 

N,N'-Di-sec-butyl-p-phenylenediamine No 

N,N'-Diisopropyl-p-phenylenediamine No 

Ethylene dibromide No 

IVIethyl-t-amyl ether No 

IVIethyl-t-butyl ether Yes 

Methylcyclopentadienylmanganese tricarbonyl No 

N-(1-Methylheptyl)ethanolamlne No 

Tetraethyl lead No 

All other gasoline additives, acyclic No 

All other gasoline additives, cyclic No 

Lubricating oil and grease additives: Yes 
Chlorosulfurizer and sulfurized compounds: 

Chlorosulfurized sperm oil No 

Sulfurized lard oil No 

Sulfurized sperm oil substitutes No 

Dodecyl succinic anhydride No- 
Hydrocarbon carboxylic acid derivatives No 

Hydrocarbon phosphorous acid, barium salt No 

Hydrocarbon phosphoryl derivatives No 

Methylene-bridged polyalkyi phenols No 

Oleyl acid phosphate No 

Oxidized hydrocarbon mixture No 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonates: 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, ammonium salt No 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, barium salt Yes 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt Yes 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, magnesium salt No 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt No 

All other oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate No 



DUP. 
TNA. 
PAH. 



ALW. 
UPM. 

P). 

DUP, FER, SM, TNA. 

BRD. 

(^). 

BRD. 

SM. 

HDG. 

SOC. 

P). 

n. 

ALX. 

(=). 

DUP, SM, UPM, (2). 

DUP, TNA, UPM. 

DUP, TNA. 

GTL, TNA. 

CXI 

AMO, ATR, CGO, CO(E), CSD, CSP, DA, 

ENJ, GRS, LYP, PLC, SOG, SUN, TPC, 

TX, VLR. 
TNA. 
UPM. 
DUP. 

TNA, TX, UPM, (2). 
VNC, (2). 



ELC. 

CCW, QCP. 
CCW, ELC. 
TX. 

EMR, p), n. P). 

P). 

(=). 

TX. 

FER. 

ALX, ELC, 

ENJ. 

PAR, TNA, WTC, {^) . 

PAR, SOC, TNA, TX, WTC, (2) 

WTC, (2). 

GAF, PAR. 

DUP, MON, SOC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



14-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 43— Continued 



Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products for which U.S. production and/or sales were 
either reported or estimated, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 44) 



Lubricating oil and grease additives— Continued 

Phenol salts: 

All<yi phenols No 

Dodecy (phenol, sulfurized, calcium salt No 

Nonyiphenol, barium salt No 

Ail other phenol salts No 

Phosphorodithioates (dithiophosphates) : 

Aii<ene thiophosphonate No 

Ali<yl imidazoline No 

Alkyl succinic anhydride No 

Aii<yl terephthaiamate No 

Bis(1 ,3-Dimethyibutyi)phosphorodithioate oieyl 

amine salt No 

Bornyl phenyiamine No 

DI-2-ethylhexylphosphorodithiolo acid No 

DI-N-propylphosphorodithloic acid No 

Diisopropyi hydrogen phosphite No 

Dimer acid esters and polyesters No 

Dodecenyi succinic acid, benzotriazoie salt No 

Dodecylphenyl-a-naphthylamine No 

Dodecyiphenyi-a-naphthyiamine , dioctyi 

diphenyiamine co-poiymer No 

Ethylene-propylene copolymer No 

Fatty acid polyamlne condensate No 

Mixed polyesters No 

iVIodified ethyiene-propyene copolymers No 

Pentaerythrltol esters No 

Polyisobutenyi succinic anhydride No 

1 ,3,4-Thiadiazoie, 2,5-bis(diaikyldithio) derivatives No 

Tributyi phosphite No 

Trimethylol propane ester No 

Very high molecular weight (>1000) hydrocarbons .... No 

Zinc diaikyidithlophosphate No 

Zinc diaikylphenoi dithiophosphate No 

Zinc dibutyi phosphorodithioate No 

Zinc hydrocarbon dithiophosphate No 

Ail other phosphorodithioates used as lubricating 

oil and grease additives No 

Succinimides: 

Aikenyi succinimide No 

Dodecenyl-acetic succinimide No 

Sulfur compounds; 

Aliphatic hydrocarbon sulfides No 

Di-tertiary nonyipolysuifide No 

Triisobutylene poiysulfide No 

Ail other sulfur compounds No 

Ail other lubricating oil and grease additives, acyclic .... No 

All other lubricating oil and grease additives, cyclic No 

Paint driers, naphthenic acid salts: Yes 

Barium naphthenate No 

Cadmium naphthenate No 

Calcium naphthenate No 

Chromium naphthenate No 

Cobalt naphthenate Yes 

Copper naphthenate No 

Iron naphthenate No 

Lead naphthenate No 

Lithium naphthenate No 



see. 

CCA, PER, WTC. 
TNA. 

TX. 

SM, TNA. 
SOC. 

ELC. 

SOC. 

ELC. 

ELC. 

ALW. 

EMR. 

SM. 

SM. 

SM. 

TX. 

SOC. 

HCC. 

TX. 

HCC. 

TX. 

ELC. 

ALW. 

EMR, HCC, QCP. 

n. 

ELC, SOC, TNA, TX. 

SOC. 

ELC. 

ELC, (2). 

SOC, TNA, TX, (2). 
SM. 

ELC, PER, (2). 

PAS. 

TX. 

PER, QCP, TNA, WBG, {^). 

ALW, DUP, ELC, QCP, QCP, SM, TNA, 

TX, P), P), (2). 
(CGY, ENJ, SCP, SM, TNA, TX, (2). 

P). 

CCA. 

CCA, MCI, NOD, TRO. 

MCI. 

CCA, MCI, NOD, SHP, TRO. 

NOD. 

CCA, MCI, NOD. 

CCA, MCI, NOD, TRO. 

CCA. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



14-7 



Section 14 

Table 43 — Continued 

Miscellaneous end-use cliemlcals and chemical products for which U.S. production and/or sales were 
either reported or estimated, identified by manufacturer, 1388 



Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products 



Separate 


Manufacturers' Identification codes 


statistics^ 


(according to list in table 44) 


No 


CCA, iVICI, NOD. 


No 


iVICI. 


No 


CCA, NOD. 


No 


CCA. 


No 


CCA, IVICI, NOD, TRO. 


Yes 




No 


WAY. 


No 


CCC. 


No 


DIX(E). 


No 


FMT. 


No 


ALL. 


No 


ALL. 


No 


ALL, ESA. 


No 


ALL, ESA. 


No 


ALL, ESA. 


No 


(=). 


No 


WAY. 


No 


EKT. 


No 


P). 


No 


EK. 


No 


FMT. 


No 


(=). 


No 


CWN. 


No 


ALL. 


No 


EK. 


No 


FMT. 


No 


CWN. 


No 


DUP. 


No 


ALL. 


No 


ARN, COC, DUP, ESA, FMT, WAY, (2) 




{')■ 


Yes 




No 


EKT, HCL, MIL. 


No 


DUP. 


No 


EKT. 


Yes 




No 


ACS, SKP, (2). 


No 


DUP, MON, SKP. 


Yes 


ACY, BKM, DUP, MON. 


No 


DUP, EKT, FRF, GYR. 


No 


DUP. 


No 


DUP. 


No 


HCL, QCP. 



Paint driers, naphthenic acid salts— Continued 

Manganese naphthenate 

Naphthenate driers, mixed salts 

Rare earths naphthenate 

Strontium naphthenate 

Zinc naphthenate 

Photographic chemicals: 
N-2- (4-Amlno-N-ethyl-m-toluldino) ethyl methane- 

sulfonamide 

2-Amino-5-mercapto-1 ,3,4-thiadiazole 

Aryl alkyl polyether alcohol 

5-Chlorobenzotriazole 

4-Diazo-2,5-diethoxymorpholinobenzene 

2 , 5-Diethoxy-4-morpholinobenzenediazonium chloride 
p-Dlethylaminobenzenediazonlum chloride (p-Dlazo-N, 

N-diethylanillne zinc chloride) 

p-Dimethylaminobenzenedlazonium chloride (p-Diazo-N 

N-dimethylaniline zinc chloride) 

p- [Ethyl (2-hydroxyethyl) amino] benzenediazonium 

chloride (p-diazo-n-hydroxyethylaniline zinc chloride) 
(N-Ethyl-N- (2-hydroxyethyl) -3-methyldehydrogen 

sulfate)p-phenylenediamine 

N-Ethyl-N-hydroxyethyl-p-phenylenediamine sulfate . . 

Hydroquinone (Hydroquinoi) 

4-Hydroxymethyl-4-methyl-1-phenyl-3-pyrazolidone . . 

p-Methylaminophenol sulfate (Metol) 

5-Methyl-1 ,7-dihydroxy-1 ,3,4-trlazaindolizine 

3-Methyl-N- [2 (methylsulfonamidoethyl) -N-ethyl-p- 

phenylenediamlne]sequlsulfate monohydrate 

4-Methyl-1-phenyl-3-pyrazolldione 

p-Morpholinyl-2 , 5-dibutoxybenzene diazonium 

chloride 

5-Nitrobenzimidazole nitrate 

Phenyl-5-mercaptotetrazole 

1-Phenyl-3-pyrazolidone 

Poly(vinyl-O-sulfobenzal) 

4-N-(1-Pyrrolidyl)-m-toluenediazonium chloride 

All other photographic chemicals 

Polymers for fibers: 

Cellulose acetate 

Copolyurethane urea 

Linear saturated polyester 

Nylon 6 and 6/6: 

Nylon 6 (polymer for fiber, only) 

Nylon 6/6 

Polyacrylonitrile and acrylonitrile copolymers 

Polyethylene terephthalate 

Poly-m-phenylene Isophthalamlde 

Poly-p-phenylene terephthalamide 

All other polymers for fibers 

Polymers, water soluble: Yes 

Acrylamide polymers and co-polymers: 
Acrylamide-2-acrylamldo-2-methylpropanesulfonic 

acid, sodium salt polymer No 

Acrylamide-acrylic acid copolymer, potassium salt ... No 

Acrylamlde-acrylic acid copolymer, sodium salt No 

Acrylamide N-dimethylaminomethylacrylamide 

copolymer No 

Acrylamide-trimethylaminoethyl acrylate chloride 
polymer No 



ENJ, (2). 
BKM, (2) 
BKM. 
(=)• 



See footnotes at end of table. 



14-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 43— Continued 



Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products for which U.S. production and/or sales were 
either reported or estimated, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 44) 



Polymers, water soluble— Continued 
Acrylamide polymers and co-polymers— Continued 
Acrylamide-trimethylamlnoethyl methacrylate 

chloride No 

Adipic acid-crossllnked polycrylamlde No 

Polyacrylamide Yes 

All other polyacrylamide copolymers No 

Cellulose esters and ethers: 

Hydroxyethylcellulose Yes 

Hydroxyethyl hydroxypropyl cellulose No 

2-Hydroxypropyl cellulose No 

Methylcellulose No 

Sodium carboxymethylcellulose (100%) Yes 

Sodium carboxymethyl amyiose No 

Sodium carboxymethyl starch No 

All other cellulose ethers and esters No 

Dimethylamine epichlorohydrin ethylenediamlne 

copolymer No 

Ethyl acrylate methacrylic acid copolymer No 

Hydroxypropyl guar gum No 

Poly(acrylic acid, ethyl ester) No 

Poly (acrylic acid, methyl ester/ethyiene/1,1- 
dichiorosuccinic acid, methylene-) with 

ethyl acrylate No 

Polyacrylic acid salts: Yes 

Ammonium polyacrylate No 

Polyacrylate methacrylate copolymers No 

Polyacrylate poly ( hy droxypropylacry late ) 

copolymer No 

Polyacrylic acid No 

Sodium ammonium polyacrylate and copolymers Yes 

Sodium polyacrylate No 

All other polyacrylic acid salts No 

Polyacrylonitrile, hydrolyzed No 

Polyacrylonitrile, starch hydrolized polymer No 

Polyamines No 

Polydextrose No 

Poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride No 

Polyethyleneimine No 

Polymethacryllc acid, sodium salt No 

Poly ( 1 , 1 ' - ( methylimino) bis (3-chloro-2-propanol ) - 

tetramethylethylenediamine No 

Trimethylaminoethyl acrylate chloride polymer No 

1-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone, polymers No 

Xanthan gum No 

All other polymers, water soluble No 

Poly-a-olefins: Yes 

Poiy-a-olefins No 

Poly-a-olefins, sulfurized No 

Rare sugars: 

D-Galactose No 

D-Maltose No 

Silicone greases: 

Silicone greases No 

Tanning materials, synthetic: Yes 
1-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde 

condensate and salt No 

2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde 

condensate and salt No 



(^). 



BKM, 


ENJ, HCL, (2). 


ACY, 


DOW, ENJ, MRK, SQA, (2) 


HCL, 


(^). 


AQU, 


DOW, UCC. 


{')■ 




AQU. 




DOW, 


, UPJ. 


AQU, 


CBC, LCS, MAK. 


CCL. 




(^). 




AQU, 


S, UCC, (2). 


(=). 




ALC. 




AQU. 




DUP. 





DUP. 



CCL, 


RH, 


("). (") 


. (^). 






RH, ( 


:^). 










{')■ 












MYO 


. {')• 


(=). 








ALC, 


BAS, 


BFG, 


RH, (=) 


. {'). 




BKM, 


DOW 


', EFH, 


MYO, 


SYT, 


(^). 


ACY, 


BFQ, 


, ENJ, 


(=), {'), 


, {')■ 




BKM, 


DIX(E), RH 








GPC. 












ENJ, 


P). 










PFZ. 












CPS, 


MRK, 


(")• 








DAN. 












ALC, 


CPS, 


PFN. 








BKM. 












{')■ 












CCL, 


DAN, 


, GAF, 


{')■ 






PFZ. 












BKM, 


DAN 


, EFH, 


PRA, RH, RPC, SYT 


(^), 


(==). 


(=). {') 








CO, ! 


SM, SOC. 








SM. 












PFN. 












PFN. 












DCC, 


SPD, 


SWS. 








RH. 
GRD. 













See footnotes at end of table. 



14-9 



Section 14 



Table 43— Continued 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products for which U.S. production and/or sales were 

either reported or estimated. Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 44) 



Tanning materials, synthetic— Continued Yes 

1-Phenol-2-sulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate 

(Phenol-formaldehyde, sulfonated) No 

Poiyoxyalkylated cyclic amines No 

All other tanning materials, synthetic No 

Textile chemicals, other than surface active agents: Yes 
Dicyanodiamide formaldehyde ammonium 

chloride polymer No 

Dimethyloldlhydroxyethylene urea No 

Formaldehyde polymer with carbamate esters No 

Lauryl alkyl dimethylamine acetate No 

Lauryl alkyl dimethylamine phosphate No 

Melamine formaldehyde methanol polymer No 

IVlelamine formaldehyde copolymer No 

Melamine stearyl alcohol polymer No 

Phenol, sulfurated No 

Propoxylated starches No 

2,2' ,4,4'-Tetrahydroxybenzophenone No 

Urea polymers with formaldehyde and methanol Yes 

Urea, polymer with tetrakishydroxymethylphosphonium 

sulfate No 

All other textile chemicals, other than surface active 

agents No 

Urea in compounds or mixtures (100% basis): 

Urea In feed compounds (100% basis) Yes 

Urea In liquid fertilizer (100% basis) Yes 

Urea in plastics (100% basis) No 

Urea in solid fertilizer (100% basis) Yes 



BAS, RH. 






MIL. 






BAS. 






CCC, CRT, 


DAN. 




ACY, CCC, 


CHP, 


DAN, SYT. 


SYT. 






n. 






['). 






ACY, CCC, 


CRT. 




ENJ. 






SYT. 






EMR. 






SYT. 






BAS. 






ACY, BAS, 


CCC, 


CRT, SYT. 


CHP. 






BAS, CCL, 


DUP, 


ENJ, GAP, JSC, PAT, 


RPC, S. 







APD, BNP, CAC, EMR, SDH, TER, TRI, 

WYC. 
ARM, BNP, CFI, CHN, CNC, FRI, HKY, 

MSC, SMP, see, SOH, TER, TRI, TVA, 

UOC, (2). 
CMC, SOH, TRI. 
APD, CAC, CFI, CNC, FRI, GCC, MSC, 

OMC, SOH, TER, TRI, TVA, UOC, 

WLC, WYC. 



' Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'Yes.' Chemicals for which 

data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'No.' 

2 The manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. Internatlonki Trade Commission. 



14-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 44 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by 
code, 1988 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



ACS Allied Signal, inc. Engineered IVlaterials 

Sector 

ACY American Cyanamid Co. 

AJi Ajinomoto USA, inc. 

ALC Aico Chemical Corp. 

ALD Aidrlch Chemical Co. , Inc. 

ALL Alliance Chemical, inc. 

ALW Albright & Wilson, Inc. 

ALX Alox Corp. 

AMO Amoco Corp. 

APD Atlas Powder Co. Sub. of Tyler Corp. 

AQU Aqualon 

ARM LaRoche industries inc. 

ARN Arenoi Chemical Corp. 

ATR Atlantic Richfield Co., Arco Chemical 

Co. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BCK Beckman Instruments, inc., Diagnostics 

System Group 

BFG B. F. Goodrich Co., B.F. Goodrich 

Chemical Group 

BKM Bucl<man Laboratories, inc. 

BLZ Belzak Corp. 

BNP Bison Nitrogen Products Co. 

BRD Lonza, inc. 

BRS Bristol-Myers Co. 

CAC Cominco Fertilizers Inc. 

CBC Carbose Corp. 

CCA Akzo Chemicals, inc. 

CCC C.N.C. international, Inc. 

CCL Catawba-Charlab, inc. 

CCW Morton-Thiokol, Inc., Carstab Div. 

CED Cedar Chemical Co. 

CFI CF Industries, Inc. 

CGY Ciba-Geigy Corp. 

CHH CHR. Hansen's Laboratory, Inc. 

CHN Wii-Qro Fertilizer, Inc. 

CHP C. H. Patrick & Co., inc. 

CHT Chattem, inc. 

CNC Columbia Nitrogen Corp. 

CO Conoco Specialty Products, Inc. 

COC Columbia Organic Chemical Co. , inc. 

CPS CPS Chemical Co. , inc. 

CRT Chemos Corp. 

CSD Fina Oil & Chemical Co., Cosden 

Chemical Div. 

CSP Coastal Refining & Marketing, inc. 

CWN Upjohn Co. , Fine Chemicals 

CXI Chemical Exchange Industries, inc. 

DAN Dan River, inc., Chemical Products Div. 

DCC Dow Corning Corp. 

DGC Degussa Corp. 

DIX Dixie Chemical Co. , inc. 

DOW Dow Chemical Co. 

DUP E. 1. duPont de Nemours & Co. , inc. 

Chemicals and Pigments Dept. 

ED/IMG Dept. 

Textile Fibers Dept. 

EFH E.F. Houghton Co. 



EK Eastman Kodak Co.: 

EKT Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 

ELC EIco Corp. Sub. of Detrex Chemical 

Industries, Inc. 
EMR Quantum Chemical Corporation, 

Emery Div. 

ENJ Exxon Chemical Americas 

ESA East Shore Chemical Co. 

FER Ferro Corp.: 

Ferro Chemical Div. 

Kell Chemical Div. 

FMT Fairmount Chemical Co. , Inc. 

FRF Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., Firestone 

Fibers & Textiles Co. 

FRI Farmland industries. Inc. 

GAF GAF Corp. , Chemical Group. 

GBF International Bio-Synthetics, inc. 

GCC Western Branch Holding Company 

GFS G. Frederick Smith Chemical Co. 

GNR Genencor, Inc. 

GPC Grain Processing Corp. 

GRD Vy. R. Grace & Co. , Polymers & 

Chemical Div. 

GTL Great Lakes Chemical Corp. 

GYR Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 

HCC Hatco Chemical Corp. 

HCL Hoechst Ceianese Corp: 

Hoechst Ceianese Fibers. 

Sou-Tex Works. 

HDG Hodag Chemical Corp. 

HKY Hawkey e Chemical Co. 

HMP W. R. Grace & Co. , Hampshire 

Chemical Div. 

HMY Humphrey Chemical Co. 

HPC Hercules, Inc. 

JFR George A. Jeffreys & Co. , Inc. 

JSC Sybron Chemicals, Inc. 

LCS Louisiana Chemical Polymers, Inc. 

LEM Napp Chemicals, Inc. 

LYP Lyondell Petrochemical Co. 

MAK MAK Chemical Corp. 

MCI Mooney Chemicals, inc. 

MCK MacKenzie Chemical Works, inc. 

MIL Mllliken & Co. , Miiliken Chemical Div. 

MLS Miles Laboratories, Inc., Biotechnology 

Group. 

MNA Monsanto Agricultural Co. 

MON Monsanto Co. 

MRK Merck & Co., Inc. 

MSC Mississippi Chemical Corp. 

MYO Mayo Chemical Co. 

NBI Novo Biochemical Industries, inc. 

NOD Huls, America, Inc. 

NSW NutraSweet Co. 

OMC Olin Corp. 



14-11 



Section 14 

Table 44 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by 

code, 1988 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



PAH Parish Chemical Co. 

PAR Pennzoll Co., Penreco DIv. 

PAS Pennwalt Corp. 



PAT 

PFN 

PFZ 

PIC . 

PLB 

PLC 

PMP 

PRA 



Inc. 



Pat-Chem Inc. 

Pfanstlehl Laboratories, Inc. 

Pfizer, inc. 

Pierce Chemical Co. 

Pharmacia P-L Biochemicals, 
. Phillips 66 Co. 

PIVIP Fermentation Products, Inc. 

Para-Chem Southern 

QCP Quaker Chemical Corp. 

REG Regis Chemical Co. 

RH Rohm & Haas Co. 

RPC Colloids, inc. 

RSA R.S.A. Corp. 

S Sandoz, Inc. 

SCP Henkel Corp. 

SHC Shell Oil Co. 

SHP Shepherd Chemical Co. 

SHX Sherex Chemical Co., Inc. 

SKP Shakespeare Co., Monofilament Div. 

SM Mobil Oil Corp. , Mobil Chemical Co. , 

Chemical Products Div. 

SMP J. R. Slmplot Co. 

SOC Chevron Corp. , Chevron Chemical Co. 

SOG Hill Petroleum Company 



Colors & Chemicals Div. 



Shell Chemical Co. 



SOH BP ChemlcaLs America 

SPD General Electric Co. , Silicone Products 

Dept. 

SPR Scientific Protein Laboratories 

SQA Segua Chemicals, Inc. 

SWS Wacker Silicone 

SYT Synthron, Inc. 

TER Terra International, Inc. 

TER Terra Nitrogen, Inc. 

TNA Ethyl Corp. 

TPC Texas Petrochemical Corp. 

TRI Triad Chemical 

TRO Troy Chemical Corp. 

TVA Tennessee Valley Authority 

TX Texaco, Inc. , Texaco Chemical Co. 

UCC Union Carbide Corp. 

UOC Union Oil Co. of California 

UPJ Upjohn Co. 

UPM U.O.P. Inc. 

USR Uniroyal, Inc., Uniroyal Chemical Div. 

VLR Valero Refining Company 

VNC Vanderbilt Chemical Corp. 

WAY Olln Hunt Specialty Products, Inc. 

WBG White & Bagley Co. 

WLC Freeport-McMoran Resource Partners 

WTC Wltco Chemical Corp. 

WYC Wycon Chemical Co. 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed In table 1 
of the appendix. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



14-12 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Section 15 



Miscellaneous Cyclic and 
Acyclic Chemicals 

The term "miscellaneous chemicals" as it is 
used here comprises those synthetic organic 
products that are not included in the use groups 
covered by sections I-XIV of this report. They 
include products that are employed in a great 
variety of applications. The number of chemicals 
used extensively for only one purpose is not large. 
Among the products covered in this section are 
those used for refrigerants, aerosols, solvents, 
catalysts, additives in plastics and food products, 
and, especially, a wide range of acyclic chemical 
intermediates. 

Figure 16 shows the trend of production of 
miscellaneous chemicals during 1984-88, and 
shows there has been a steady rate of increase 
since 1984. However, only the 1988 production 
of 105.9 billion pounds was higher than the 
previous all-time peak of 98.8 billion pounds 
produced in 1979. 

U.S. production of miscellaneous cyclic and 
acyclic chemicals in 1988 amounted to 105.9 
billion pounds, an increase of 8.0 percent 
compared with production in 1987 (Table 45). 
Production of miscellaneous cyclic chemicals 
comprised only 3.1 percent of this section's total 
production. 

Because most of the production of 
miscellaneous chemicals is used internally by their 
producers to make more advanced intermediates 
and other chemical products, their sales are much 
smaller than their production. In 1988, sales of 
miscellaneous chemicals were 42.2 billion pounds, 
valued at $15.1 billion, compared with 40.3 
billion pounds, valued at $12.0 billion, in 1987. 
The increase in sales quantity in 1988 was 4.7 
percent. Moreover, with continuing increases in 
prices, the value of sales in 1988 was 25.6 percent 
greater than in 1987. 

Oxygenated hydrocarbons accounted for 
about 61 percent of the production of all acyclic 
miscellaneous chemicals. Production of 

oxygenated hydrocarbons, which include organic 
acids, alcohols (the largest group), ketones, 
esters, ethers, aldehydes, epoxides, and other 
chemicals, increased from 58.9 billion pounds in 
1987 to 62.4 billion pounds in 1988, or by 5.9 
percent. 

Slightly larger in volume than the alcohols in 
miscellaneous acyclic chemicals is the halogenated 
hydrocarbons group. Production of halogenated 
hydrocarbons was more than 28 billion pounds in 
1988, about 2.5 billion pounds more than in 
1987. Production of chlorinated hydrocarbons. 



by far the largest segment of this group, was 27.0 
billion pounds in 1988, compared with 24.7 
billion pounds in 1987. The overall increase in 
this group in 1987-88 hides larger changes in 
many of its constituent chemicals; There was 
increased production of methyl chloride (up 60 
percent), carbon tetrachloride (up 13 percent), 
chloroform (up 13 percent), vinyl chloride (up 8 
percent), ethylene dichloride (up 7 percent), 
perchloroethylene (up 5 percent), and 
1,1,1-trichloroethane (up 4 percent) . Fluorinated 
hydrocarbons production was 1.37 billion pounds 
in 1988, up 18.3 percent compared with 
production in 1987. Production of the three 
major chlorofluorocarbons— F-11, F-12, and 
F-22— was more than 20 percent higher than in 

1987. Production of brominated chemicals, on 
the other hand, dropped in 1988 (as it had in 
1987), down 18.6 percent from the previous year. 

The second largest individual group of 
miscellaneous acyclic chemicals is monohydric 
alcohols (which had double the production of 
polyhydric alchols); their production was 16.6 
billion pounds in 1988, an increase of 8.5 percent 
over 1987, which followed a greater increase the 
year before. The greatest growth in production in 
1988 was attained by the butyl alcohols (up 19 
percent), 2-ethylhexanol (up 12 percent), and 
methanol (up 8 percent). Mixtures of alcohols, 
however, dropped in volume in 1988. 

Virtually in a tie for third place among 
miscellaneous acyclic chemicals, each with 
production close to 9 billion pounds in 1988, are 
nitrogenous compounds, acids and anhydrides, 
and aldehydes. Mainly because of decreases in 
acetic and acrylic acids, production of acids and 
anhydrides was 3.8 percent less than in 1987. 
Production of aldehydes was 3.8 percent greater 
than in 1987, led by an increase for formaldehyde 
of 9.6 percent. Production of nitrogenous 
chemicals was 4.1 percent greater than in 1987. 
Production of the large "all other" group of 
nitrogenous chemicals increased by 30 percent in 

1988, and that of the amines by 5 percent, but 
there were small decreases in production of the 
amides, the ethanolamines, and the nitriles. 

There were a few other large increases in 1988 
of major chemicals; namely, the increase of 41.3 
percent in production of vinyl acetate to 2.56 
billion pounds in 1988, and increases of 24.4 
percent for ethylene oxide, 18.9 percent for ethyl 
acetate, and 6.4 percent for ethylene glycol. 

Table 46 lists the products in this section 
individually identified by manufacturer (s) codes. 
Table 47 lists those codes alphabetically and 
identifies the manufacturer by name. 

Aimison Jonnard 
202-252-1350 



15-1 



Section 15 



Figure 15 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production, 1984-88 



Billions 
of pounds 



100- 



80- 



40-Jg?g^^ 



1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



15-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 45 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Average 

Unit 

value^ 



Grand total 

Cyclic 

Total 

Benzoic acid esters, total 

Butyl benzoate 

Benzoic acid salts 

Benzoyl peroxide 

Caprolactam 

Cumene Inydroperoxide 

Hexamethylenetetramine, tech 

Lactones 

Maieic anhydride 

Morphoiine 

Pinene and derivatives, total 

P-Pinene 

Pine oil, natural sulfate 

Ail other 

Succinic anhydride derivatives 

Tall oil salts (Linoieio-rosin acid salts) 

All other miscellaneous cyclic chemicals .... 

Acyclic 

Total 

Nitrogenous compounds 

Total 

Amides, total 

N,N'-Ethyienebis-oieamide 

N,N'-Ethyienebis-stearamide 

Oieamide (Octadecene amide) 

All other amides 

Amines, totai^ 

Butyiamines, total 

Ethylenediamine 

isopropyiamine, mono- 

Dimethylamine 

Trimethyiamine 

All other amines 

2-Dimethylaminoethanol (N . N- 

Dimethyiethanolamine) 

Ethanoiamines, total 

2,2'-Aminodiethanoi (DIethanolamine) . . . 
2-Aminoethanol (Monoethanolamine) .... 
2,2' ,2"-Nitriiotriethanoi (Triethanolamine) 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



105,922,869 



P) 



102,650,079 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



42,211,980 15,117,535 





3,272,790 


1,521,560 


1,747,959 


3,344 


{') 


n 



1,058 



783 



40,690,420 13,369,576 



Per 
pound 



$0.36 



1.15 



n 



.74 



{') 


25,639 


16,440 


.64 


10,253 


8,688 


20,531 


2.36 


1,261,265 


367,583 


234,495 


.64 


3,577 


3,283 


1,819 


.55 


89,289 


n 


{') 


n 


110,149 


21,750 


22,854 


1.05 


448,433 


357,897 


153,674 


.43 


n 


26,358 


17,118 


.65 


345,734 


44,491 


20,013 


.45 


37,880 


(=) 


(^) 


C') 


5,873 


4,689 


1,568 


.33 


301,981 


39,802 


18,445 


.46 


18,986 


17,721 


16,449 


.93 


1,877 


1,422 


2,267 


1.59 


979,883 


645,670 


1,241,516 


1.92 



.33 



9,146,687 


3,367,161 


1,723,726 


.51 


286,222 


153,630 


113,406 


.74 


442 


469 


600 


1.28 


45,187 


33,495 


22,351 


.67 


3,704 


3,273 


3,795 


1.16 


236,889 


116,393 


86,660 


.74 


1,829,202 


621,515 


419,676 


.68 


29,881 


24,349 


17,819 


.73 


78,535 


62,316 


45,508 


.73 


n 


57,814 


22,467 


.39 


99,270 


74,658 


24,938 


.33 


42,795 


38,535 


12,333 


.32 


1,578,721 


363,843 


296,611 


.83 


{') 


20.884 


15,959 


.76 


608,233 


482,394 


189,843 


.39 


190,645 


159,872 


61,561 


.38 


216,767 


146,762 


57,309 


.39 


200,821 


175,760 


70,973 


.40 



15-3 



Section 15 



Table 45— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Average 

Unit 

value'' 



1.000 
pounds 



Acyclic— Continued 

Nitrogenous compounds— Continued 

Nitriles, total 

Acetonitrile 

Acrylonitrile 

2-Methyllactonitrile (Acetone cyanohydrin) . . . 
All other nitriles 

All other nitrogenous compounds 

Acids, acyl halldes and anhydrides 

Total 

Acetic acid, synthetic, 100%* 

Acrylic acid" 

2-Ethylhexanoyl chloride 

Fatty acids, hydrogenated 

Fatty acids, non-hydrogenated 

Fumaric acid 

Neodecanoyl chloride 

PivaloyI chloride 

All other acids, acyl halides and anhydrides .... 

Salts of organic acids 

Total 

Acetic acid salts, total 

Sodium acetate 

Zinc acetate 

All other acetic acid salts 

Calcium neodecanoate 

2-Ethylhexanoic acid (a-Ethylcaprolc acid) 
salts, total 

Cadmium 2-ethylhexanoate 

Calcium 2-ethylhexanoate 

Cobalt 2-ethylhexanoate 

Lead 2-ethylhexanoate 

Manganese 2-ethylhexanoate 

Zinc 2-ethylhexanoate 

Zirconium 2-ethylhexanoate 

All other 2-ethylhexanoio acid (a-ethylcaproic 
acid) salts 

Laurie acid salts 

Oleic acid salts 

Potassium oxalate 

Propionic acid salts, total 

Calcium propionate 

All other propionic acid salts 

See footnotes at end of table. 



49,178 

441 

7,409 

(^) 



1,000 
pounds 



1,828,094 



1,000 
dollars 



P) 

467 

21,269 

98 



P) 

756 

15,978 

113 



26,487 



Per 
pound 



$0.37 



34,774 


P) 


P) 


n 


2,608,829 


1,584,302 


588,983 


.37 


1,306,448 


n 


P) 


n 


1,101,554 


243,792 


84,118 


.34 


1,371,425 


260,644 


311,741 


1.20 


8,953,655 


2,358,745 


1,015,068 


.43 


3,159,457 


783,753 


131,912 


.17 


1,068,834 


236,090 


113,544 


.48 


2,438 


n 


P) 


{') 


336,377 


279,815 


93,178 


.33 


[') 


17,811 


6,853 


.38 


(') 


31,774 


18,002 


.57 


1,862 


n 


P) 


n 


3,006 


n 


P) 


n 


4,381,681 


1,009,502 


651,579 


.65 


681,472 


420,494 


261,913 


.62 


57,028 


21,736 


16,734 


.77 



(^) 

1.62 
.75 



1.39 



859 


P) 


P) 


n 


2,789 


2,843 


2,483 


.87 


5,280 


4,159 


8,111 


1.95 


P) 


789 


642 


.81 


1,144 


1,111 


1,037 


.93 


1,329 


750 


874 


1.16 


4,651 


3,091 


5,205 


1.68 


9,811 


6,358 


8,135 


1.28 


2,533 


[') 


n 


P) 


208 


n 


P) 


P) 


31 


33 


96 


2.89 


25,405 


P) 


n 


n 


22,991 


P) 


P) 


P) 


2,414 


P) 


{'] 


{') 



15-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 45— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Production 



Quantity 



Average 

Unit 

value'' 



Acyclic— Continued 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



Per 
pound 



Salts of organic acids— Continued 

Stearic acid salts, total= 

Aluminum stearates, total 

Aluminum trlstearate 

All other aluminum stearates 

Barium stearate 

Calcium stearate 

Magnesium stearate 

Zinc stearate 

All other stearic acid salts 

All other salts of organic acids 

Aldehydes 

Total 

n-Butyraldehyde 

Formaldehyde (37% by weight) 

All other aldehydes 

Ketones 

Total 

Acetone 

Methyl ethyl l<etone (2-Butanone) 

4-Methyi-2-pentanone (Methyl isobutyl l<etone) 
All other ketones 

Alcohols, monohydric, unsubstltuted 

Total 

Alcohols, C,, or lower, unmixed, total 

Butyl alcohols, total 

n-Butyl alcohol (n-Propyloarbinol)" 

Isobutyl alcohol (Isopropyloarbinol)* 

Ail other 

Ethyl alcohol, synthetic" « 

2-Ethyl-1-hexanol 

Isopropyl alcohol^ 

Methanol, synthetic^ 

Propyl alcohol (Propanol) 

All other alcohols, monohydric, unsubstltuted . 

Alcohols, C,2 and higher, unmixed, total 

Dodecyl (lauryl) alcohol 

1-Hexadecanol (cetyl alcohol) 

All other alcohols, C,2 and higher, unmixed . . . 

Mixtures of alcohols, total 

Containing C,2 and higher 

Other mixtures of alcohols 



156,819 



152,930 



105,393 



$0.69 



4,785 


4,730 


5,871 


1.24 


1,687 


1,672 


2,420 


1.45 


3,098 


3,058 


3,451 


2.71 


2,480 


824 


737 


.89 


87,943 


94,209 


53,321 


.57 


21,116 


15,815 


12,538 


.79 


36,513 


33,891 


28,018 


.83 


3,982 


3,461 


4,908 


1.42 


413,585 


226,596 


113,090 


.50 


9,270,472 


2,136,235 


284,281 


.13 


1,775,674 


59,853 


11,724 


.20 


6,280,452 


1,691,683 


144,046 


.09 


1,214,346 


384,699 


128,511 


.33 


3,121,635 


2,207,528 


535,732 


.25 


2,302,846 


1,526,583 


241,680 


.16 


482,028 


424,337 


166,628 


.39 


205,312 


158,713 


59,546 


.38 


131,449 


97,895 


67,878 


.69 


16,619,662 


7,216,217 


1,362,975 


.19 


15,182,611 


6,660,714 


1,040,390 


.16 


3,256,875 


760,208 


188,280 


.25 


1,854,126 


576,523 


146,453 


.25 


155.459 


107,691 


29,525 


.27 


1,247,290 


75,994 


12,302 


.16 


561,778 


437,697 


133,673 


.31 


743,118 


225,010 


74,533 


.33 


1,388,882 


1,111,119 


200,799 


.18 


8,142,388 


3,690,341 


267,879 


.07 


215,669 


124,218 


43,469 


.35 


873,901 


312,121 


131,757 


.42 


205,718 


86,644 


59,111 


.68 


(^) 


5,280 


4,296 


.81 


C') 


16,653 


12,397 


.74 


P) 


64,711 


42,418 


.65 


1,231,333 


468,859 


263,474 


.56 


618,456 


362,504 


216,276 


.60 


612,877 


106,355 


47,198 


.44 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-5 



Section 15 

Table 45 — Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 





Sales 




Average 
Unit 


Production 


Quantity 


Value 


value^ 


1.000 
pounds 


1.000 
pounds 


1,000 
dollars 


Per 
pound 



Acyclic — Continued 



Esters of monohydric alcohols 

Total 

Aliyl methaorylate 

n-Butyl acetate 

Isobutyl acetate 

Butyl acrylate 

DI-2-ethylhexyl maleate 

Dllauryl-3,3'-thlodlproplonate 

Dlstearyl-3,3'-thlodlproplonate 

2-Ethylhexyl acrylate 

2-Ethylhexyl chloroformate 

Ethyl acetate (100% basis) 

Ethyl acrylate 

Fatty acid esters, not included with plastlclzers or 
surface-active agents, total 

Myristyl myristate 

Tridecyl stearate 

All other fatty acid ester not included with 
plastlclzers or surface-active agents 

Isopropyl chloroformate 

Isopropyl acetate 

Lauryl methaorylate 

IVIethyl methaorylate'' 

Phosphorus acid esters, not elsewhere specified . 

Triiso-octyl phosphite 

Propyl acetate 

Vinyl acetate 

All other esters of monohydric alcohols 

Polyhydric alcohols^ 

Total 

1 ,4-Butanediol 

Ethylene glycol" 

Pentaerythritol'' 

Propylene glycol 

All other polyhydric alcohols 

Polyhydric alcohol esters, total 

Polyhydric alcohol ethers 

Total 

2-Butoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monobutyl 
ether) 

2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol 
mono-butyl ether) 

2-[2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol 

(Triethylene glycol monobutyl ether) 

Diethylene glycol 

Dipropylene glycol 



6,164,622 



2,780,949 



$0.46 



1,804 


1,925 


3,306 


1.72 


192,845 


159,827 


59,242 


.37 


83,419 


55,436 


17,850 


.32 


551,536 


223,048 


118.503 


.53 


1,214 


n 


(') 


{') 


2,366 


2,379 


3,951 


1.66 


2,939 


2,946 


4,936 


1.68 


107,752 


62,958 


39,324 


.62 


5,830 


n 


(=) 


{') 


254,348 


191,303 


59.324 


.31 


344,244 


157,947 


73.061 


.46 


13,579 


10,282 


7,035 


.68 


(") 


115 


228 


1.97 


1,702 


836 


579 


.69 


11,877 


9,331 


6,228 


.67 


2,488 


(^) 


(') 


{') 


40,851 


n 


{') 


n 


(') 


1,409 


2,218 


1.57 


1,100,271 


P) 


(') 


{') 


116,163 


108,949 


120,655 


1.11 


415 


(') 


n 


n 


70,833 


62,118 


29,018 


.47 


2,561,434 


1,184,162 


439,094 


.37 


710,291 


556,260 


300,741 


.54 


7,621,796 


5,781,334 


2,027,166 


.35 



402,286 
,517,250 
122,191 
840,460 
739,609 

252,285 



121,719 
4,406,675 
109,759 
742,899 
400,282 

240,312 



69.798 
1.442.933 

63,726 
211,715 
238,994 

175,190 



.35 
.33 
.58 
.28 
.60 



2,093,801 


1.762.551 


819,822 


.48 


408.102 


379,299 


140,128 


.38 


73.427 


61,232 


30,713 


.50 


563.032 
78.129 


6,400 

464,242 

68,107 


3,092 

166.318 

21.561 


.48 
.36 
.32 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 45— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Average 

Unit 

value^ 



Acyclic— Continued 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



Per 
pound 



Polyhydric alcoliol ethers— Continued 

2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethanol (DIethylene glycol mono- 
ethyl ether) 

2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethanol (DIethylene glycol 
monomethyl ether) 

2- [2- (2-Methoxyethoxy ) ethoxy] ethanol (Trlethylene 
glycol monomethyl ether) 

Polyethylene glycol 

Polytetramethylene glycol ether 

Trlethylene glycol 

All other polyhydric alcohols ethers 

Bromlnated, chlorinated, and fluorlnated 
hydrocarbons 

Total 

Bromlnated (including bromochlorlnated) 
hydrocarbons, total 

Chlorinated hydrocarbons, total 

Carbon tetrachloride" 

Chlorinated paraffins (C,o-C3o): 

35%-64% chlorine 

65% or more chlorine 

Chloroform'' 

Chloromethane (Methyl chloride)'' 

Dichloromethane (Methylene chloride)'' 

Ethyl chloride (Chloroethane)" 

Ethylene dichloride (1 ,2-Dichloroethane)'' 

Tetrachloroethylene (Perchloroethylene) 

1 ,1 ,1-Trichloroethane (Methyl chloroform)" 

Vinyl chloride, monomer (Chloroethylene)" 

All other chlorinated hydrocarbons 

Fluorlnated (including other fluorohalogenated) 

hydrocarbons, total 

Chlorodifluoromethane (F22) 

Dlchlorodlfluoromethane (F12) 

Trlchlorofluoromethane (F1 1 ) 

All other fluorlnated (including other 

fluorohalogenated) hydrocarbons 

All other miscellaneous acyclic chemicals 

Total 

Acyclic peroxides, total 

tert-Butyl peroxypivalate 

2-Butanone peroxide (MEK peroxide) 

Di-tert-butyl peroxide 

All other acyclic peroxides 



(^) 



36,756 



378,632 



10,242,930 



101,159 



22,352 



{') 



10.854 
(^) 



206,313 



240,084 



53,647 



80,451 



$0.49 



35,027 


n 


(=) 


(") 


119,623 


111,234 


69,204 


.62 


78,050 


44,986 


66,729 


1.48 


135,955 


160,462 


58,962 


.37 


565,700 


444,237 


252,261 


.57 



28,340,031 


10,567,719 


2,743,112 


.26 


8,458 


10,452 


16,575 


1.59 


26,957,583 


9,426,767 


1,873,797 


.20 


761,365 


849,267 


129,427 


.15 


79,167 


79,017 


27,644 


.35 


n 


21,033 


8,730 


.42 


523,637 


541,540 


99,139 


.18 


597,077 


208,687 


40,360 


.19 


504,119 


515,718 


91,236 


.18 


151,846 


103,476 


14,261 


.14 


13,028,248 


1,538,918 


165,018 


.11 


497,683 


564,995 


111,550 


.20 


723,656 


725,134 


201,093 


.28 


9,057,557 


3,951,462 


910,800 


.23 


1,033,228 


327,520 


74,539 


.23 


1,373,990 


1,130,500 


852,740 


.76 


332.569 


250,569 


233,538 


.93 


413,777 


420,499 


262,430 


.62 


249,012 


253,119 


116,688 


.46 



1.17 



4,823 


4.018 


9,706 


2.42 


13,896 


13,282 


24,860 


1.87 


{') 


3,623 


6,936 


1.91 


82,440 


32,724 


38,949 


1.19 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-7 



Section 15 

Table 45— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Average 

Unit 

value^ 



Acyclic— Continued 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



Per 
pound 



All other miscellaneous acyclic chemicals— Cont. 
Expoxides, ethers and acetals, total 

Ethylene oxide" 

Glycidyl ethers, total 

1 -Butoxy-2 , 3-epoxypropane 

(Butyl glycidyl ether) 

All other glycidyl ethers 

All other expoxides, ethers and acetals 

Fats and oils, chemically modified 

Organo-boron compounds 

Organo-aluminum compounds 

Chloropropyltrimethoxysilane 

Silicone fluids 

Organo-tin compounds 

Phosgene (Carbonyl chloride) 

All other miscellaneous acyclic chemicals 

Mixtures not specifically itemized, total 

Fatty acid residues 

All other mixtures not specifically Itemized^ . . . 



8,240,377 


1,276,700 


485,851 


$0.38 


5,952,699 


647,723 


247,067 


.38 


7,106 


8,383 


14,124 


1.68 


813 


956 


1,523 


1.59 


6,293 


7,427 


12,601 


1.70 


2,280,572 


620,594 


224,660 


.36 


34,114 


32,526 


16,284 


.50 


n 


1,272 


2.440 


1.92 


115,525 


39.251 


71,726 


1.83 


2,525 


n 


{') 


P) 


139,857 


90,803 


177,517 


1.95 


P) 


25,359 


70,870 


2.79 


949,177 


P) 


P) 


n 


660,196 


194,693 


214,044 


1.10 


141,031 


136,924 


23,150 


.17 


24,015 


n 


P) 


n 


117,016 


{') 


P) 


n 



^ Calculated from unrounded figures. 

2 Reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 

= Statistics exclude production and sales of fatty amines. Statistics on fatty amines are Included In the section 

"Surface-Active Agents." 

" The difference between the production reported here and that shown on the Preliminary Report on U.S. 

Production of Selected Organic Ctiemicals (including Syntiietic Plastics and Resin Materials), 1988, results from a 

combination of incorrect reporting by some companies, end-of-year inventory adjustments, and rounding. 

= Statistics exclude production and sales of potassium and sodium stearates. Statistics on these stearates are 

included in the section "Surface-Active Agents." 

^ Synthetic ethyl alcohol is conventionally defined as that portion made from ethylene. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, 

and Firearms statistics give the production from "natural" sources, mainly grain. 

' Some polyols which are used as intermediates for urethanes have been Included In the section "Plastics and Resin 

IVlateriais . " 

8 Products Included here are predominately acyclic; however, unspecified amounts of mixtures containing some cyclic 

chemicals may also be included. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



15-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 
or estimated, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 47) 



Cyclic 



6-Acetoxy-2,4-dimethyl-1 ,3-dioxane No 

Aikylphenoi formaldehyde condensate, alkoxylated No 

1-(2-Aminoethyl)piperazlne No 

1-(2-Aminoethyl)piperazlne, technical No 

1-(3-Aminopropyl)morphollne No 

Amyl ortho- and para- dimethylaminobenzoates No 

p-Amylphenol No 

Anisaldehyde bisulfite , No 

Benzene 1 ,3-dihydroxy-2,4 nltroso No 

Benzenephosphinic acid No 

Benzene phosphonous dichloride No 

Benzoic acid esters: Yes 

Benzoic acid, 2-butoxyethanoi ester No 

Benzoic acid, C,2-C,5 ester No 

Benzoic acid, isodecyl ester No 

2-Butoxyethyl benzoate No 

Butyl benzoate Yes 

2-Ethylhexyi benzoate No 

Sucrose benzoate No 

Benzoic acid salts: Yes 

Ammonium benzoate No 

Barium benzoate No 

Potassium benzoate No 

Sodium benzoate, U.S.P No 

Sodium benzoate , tech No 

Benzotriazole, poly chlorinated No 

Benzotriazole, substituted No 

Benzoyl peroxide Yes 

Benzyl alcohol No 

Benzyl chloroformate No 

Bis [p-chlorobenzoyi] peroxide No 

1 , 2-Bis (3 , 5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyhydrocinnamoyl) 

hydrazine No 

Bis(2,4-dichiorobenzoyl) peroxide No 

Bis(a,a-dimethylbenzyl)peroxlde No 

2, 2-Bis (ferrocenyl) propane No 

2,2-Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)4-methylpentane No 

Bis(perfluoroalkyl)bis(alpha-monochlorohydryl)- 

pyromellitate No 

Bis(triphenylsiiyl)chromate No 

Boron fluoride-phenol complex No 

p-Bromo-p-nltrostyrene No 

tert-Butylhydroquinone No 

Butyl and isopropyl phthalimides No 

2(and 3)-tert-Butyl-4-methoxyphenol (BHA) No 

Butylmorpholine No 

tert-Butyl peroxybenzoate No 

tert-Butylphenyi glycidyl ether No 

Camphene No 

Caprolactam (2-Oxohe;:amethylenlmine) Yes 

Caprolactam magnesium bromide No 

Cellulose acetate hexahydrophthalate No 

Cellulose acetate phthalate No 

1 - ( 3-Chloroallyl) -3 , 5 , 7-triazo-1 -azoniaadamatane 

chloride No 

Chlorophenyl trichlorosilane No 

Chlorothiaxanthone No 

Cinnamonitrile No 



GIV. 

P). 

UCC. 

DOW, TRC. 

TRC, TX. 

VND. 

SCN. 

ASL. 

REM(E). 

PER. 

PER. 

PCI. 

PTX. 

VEL. 

P). 

MRF, PCI, UTC. 

BRI. 

VEL. 



WTC. 
PPZ. 
PPZ. 
JRC, PF2. 



WTK. 

PER, 

KLM, 

KLM, 

HCP, 

EK. 

CGY. 

A2T, CAD, NOC, RCI, WTC, WTL. 

KLM. 

VCM. 

CAD. 

ASL, CGY. 

CAD. 

WTL. 

P). 

ASL. 

HCL. 

{')■ 

ACS, WTC. 

GIV. 

EKT. 

RPC. 

EKT, UPM. 

TX. 

AZT, PRE, NOC, WTL. 

REZ, WLN. 

SCM. 

ACS, BAS, CNP. 

P). 

P). 

EK. 

DOW. 
SCM. 
PSG. 
TNA. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-9 



Section 15 

Table 46— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 

or estimated, identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 47) 



Cyclic— Continued 

Cresolsulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate No 

Cresyl glycidyl ether No 

Cresyl glycidyl ether No 

Cumene hydroperoxide Yes 

a-Cumyl peroxyneodecanoate No 

Cyanuric acid No 

Cyclic silizane No 

Cyolohexane carbonitrlle No 

Cyclohexane dimethanol diglycidyl ether No 

Cyclohexanethiol No 

2-Cyclohexene-1-octanoio acid, 5 (and 6)-carboxy-4- 

hexyl, CaiHaeOa No 

1 ,4-Cyclohexylenedlmethanol No 

Cyclohexyl methacrylate No 

Decabromodiphenyl ether (DBDP) No 

Decahydronaphthalene (Decalln) No 

4,4-Diaminodlphenyl ether No 

1 ,8-Dlazabicyclo (5.4.0)undecane No 

1 ,4-Diazobicyclo(2.2.2)octane No 

2,5-Di(benzoyl peroxy)-2,5-dlmethylhexane No 

Dibutoxy acetophenone No 

Di-t-butyl diperoxyphthalate No 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol (BHT) : 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol, (BHT) , food grade No 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol, (BHT), technical grade ... No 

2,5-Di-tert-butylhydroqulnone No 

1,1-Di(t-butyl peroxy) cyclohexane No 

1,1-Di(t-butyl peroxy)-3, 3, 5-trimethyl cyclohexane No 

2,4-Di-t-4-sec-butylphenol No 

1 ,3-Dichloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin No 

Dlcumyl peroxide No 

1 , 1 -Dicyclohexane No 

Dicyclopentadienylchromium (Chromocene) No 

3-Diethylamlno-6-methyl-7-(2,4-dimethylanlllno) 

fluoran No 

N,N'-Diethyl-N,N'-diphenylurea No 

Di(2-ethylhexyl)chlorendate No 

o,o-Diethyl-o-phenyl phosphorothioate No 

1 ,5-Dlethyl-2-thio-4,6-pyrimldinedione No 

2,5-Dihydrothiophene-1 ,1-dioxide (Sulfolene) No 

2,4-Dihydroxybenzophenone No 

2,2'-Dlhydroxy-4,4'-dimethoxybenzophenone No 

DIhydroxydlmethyl benzophenone No 

3,5-Dihydroxy-3,5,dimethyl-1 ,2-peroxycycIopentane .... No 

Diiodomethyl-p-tolyl sulphone No 

Diisopropylbenzene hydroperoxide No 

p-Dimethoxybenzene (Dimethyl ether of hydroquinone) . No 

N,N'-Dimethyl-N,N'-diphenylurea No 

Dimethyl-2,6-naphthalene dicarboxylate No 

4,4-Dimethyl oxazolidene No 

Dimethyl piperazine No 

Dimorpholine diethyl ether No 

Di-tert-octyl hydroquinone No 

Dioxane (1 ,4-Diethylene oxide) No 

1 ,3-Dioxolane No 

Dl-para-xylene No 

1 ,2-Diphenoxy ethane No 

Diphenyl-t-butylhexyl phosphite No 

Diphenylisodecyl phosphite No 

Diphenylisooctyl phosphite No 

Dipropyiene glycol salicylate No 



HCL. 

REZ. 

TRC, WLN. 

ART, BTL, FRE. 

WTC, WTL. 

MON. 

SCM. 

DUP. 

WLN. 

PAS. 

WVA. 

EKT. 

GPS. 

DOW, GTL, TNA. 

DUP. 

MAL. 

AlP. 

(^). 

AZT, WTL. 

OWN. 

WTL. 

USR. 

UCC, USR. 

EKT. 

WTL. 

WTL. 

SON. 

BRD. 

FRE. 

ALD. 

(^). 

ESA. 

VCM. 

VEL. 

101. 

TNI. 

PLC. 

BAS. 

BAS. 

CWN. 

WTL. 

ABB. 

HPO. 

ASL. 

VCiVI. 

UTO. 

EFH. 

TX. 

TX. 

EKT. 

FER. 

FER. 

WOO. 

ASL. 

WTC. 

WTC. 

WTC. 

SBC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 46— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 

or estimated, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 47) 



Cyclic— Continued 

4-(Dodecyloxy)-2-hydroxybenzophenone No 

Dodecyl pyridinlum chloride No 

6-Ethoxy-12-dihydro-2,2,4-trimethyi quinollne No 

Ethyl-2-cyano-3,3-diphenyl acryiate No 

Ethyl cyclohexyiamine No 

2, Ethylhexyl-2-cyano-3,3-dlphenyl acryiate No 

2-Ethyihexyi-1-p-dimethyiaminobenzoate No 

2-Ethyihexyi-p-methoxy cinnamate No 

Ethyiidine norbornene No 

4-Ethyimorpholine No 

N-Ethyi pyrrolldone No 

Furan derivatives: 

a-Ethyl furfuryl alcohol No 

2-Furaldehyde (Furfural) No 

Furoic acid No 

Methyl furan No 

Methyl tetrahydrofuran (Methyl THF) No 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol No 

Ail other furan derivatives No 

Glyceryl p-amlnobenzoate No 

Hexabromocyciodecane No 

Hexamethylenetetramlne, tech Yes 

Homomenthyi salicylate No 

Hydrlndantin No 

Hydroquinone, di(3-hydroxyethyi) ether No 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, butyl ester No 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, ethyl ester No 

p-Hydroxybenzoio acid, methyl ester No 

p-HydroxybenzoIc acid, propyl ester No 

N-(Hydroxyethyi)piperazine No 

2-Hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone No 

2,Hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone-5-sulfonic acid No 

Hydroxymethyl-5,5-hydantoin No 

2-Hydroxy-4-N-octoxybenzophenone No 

a-D-p-Hydroxyphenyiglyclne methyl ester K No 

1 ,2,3-lndantrione monohydrate (Ninhydrin) No 

Isobutyl biphenyl No 

Lactones: Yes 

Butyrolactone No 

Caproiactone No 

Dil<etene No 

Lanolin acid No 

Lanolin alcohol acetate No 

Lanolin, hydroxyiated No 

Lanolin oil No 

Lanolin wax No 

Maleic anhydride Yes 

Methoxyethyl morpholine No 

4-Methoxyphenol No 

p-Methoxytoluene No 

Methyiaziridlne No 

Methylbenzene sulfonate No 

Methyl-p-benzoquinone No 

2-Methylcyclohexyiamine No 

3- ( N-Methyl-N-cyclohexylamino ) -6-methyi-7- 

anllino fluora No 



EKT. 

TLC. 

MNA, MON. 

BAS. 

AlP. 

BAS. 

CWN, VND. 

VND. 

UCC. 

TX. 

GAF. 

TNA. 

QKO. 

QKO. 

QKO. 

QKO. 

QKO. 

BRD, QKO, TCH. 

VND. 

TNA. 

BOR, HMP, PLS, WCL. 

WTO. 

PIC. 

EKT. 

KLM. 

KLM. 

KLM, LEM. 

KLM, LEM. 

TCH, UCC. 

BRD, VND. 

BAS. 

BRD. 

BAS. 

BOC. 

PIC. 

TCC. 



BAS, 

UCC. 

EKT. 

UCC. 

UCC. 

UCC. 

UCC. 

UCC. 

AMO, 

TX. 

ASL, 

ASL. 

ARS. 

EK. 

EK. 

AlP. 

GTL. 



GAF. 



ART, ASH, DKA, MON. 
EKT. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-11 



Section 15 



Table 46— Continued 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic cliemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 
or estimated, identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 47) 



Cyclic— Continued 



IVIethyl-3,5-di-tert-butyl-y-hydroxyhydrocinnamate No 

4-Methylmorpholine No 

4-Methylphthalic aniiydrlde No 

1-l\/Iethyl-2-pyrrolidone, monomer No 

Methyltetrahydrophthalic anhydride No 

Morpholine Yes 

Morphollne salt of p-toluene sulfonic acid No 

1,2-Naphthoquinone-2-diazide-5-sulfonyl chloride (215- 

sulfonyl chloride) No 

N-Nitrosophenylhydroxylamine salt No 

Nonylphenol, alkoxylated/aminated No 

Nonylphenol glycidyl ether No 

Octabromodlphenyl oxide No 

Octadecyl-3- (3 ,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl) - 

propionate No 

Octylmethoxy cinnamate No 

Oxalyl bis(benzylldene hydrazide) No 

Phenethyl bromide No 

Phenol glycidyl ether No 

Phenol-sulfonated formaldehyde rosin No 

2-Phenoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monophenyl ether) ... No 

Phenyl acid phosphate No 

Phenyldiisodecyl phosphite No 

Phenyl glycidyl ether No 

a-D-Phenylglyclne methyl ester K No 

1-Phenyl-2-hydroxy-2-methyl-propanone-1 No 

N-Phenyl-1-naphthylamine No 

Phenylpropanolamine No 

Phenyl xylyl ethane No 

Phosphonate ester, cyclic No 

Phthalic acid, lead salt, (Dibasic) No 

Picramic acid, sodium salt No 

Pinene and derivatives: Yes 

Pinane No 

Pinane hydroperoxide No 

2-Pinanol (cis and trans) No 

CK-Pinene No 

P-Pinene Yes 

a-Pinene epoxide No 

a-Pine, sulfate No 

Pinene, sulfate No 

Pinene , wood No 

Pine oil, natural, sulfate Yes 

Pine oil, synthetic No 

Poly-4-(2-acryloxyethoxy)-2-hydroxybenzophenone No 

Polyglycols-toluene dllsocyanate reaction product No 

Propylene glycol dibenzoate No 

Propyl gallate No 

2,4(1H,3H)Pyrlmidinedione No 

2-Pyrrolidone-1 -ethyl polymer with 1-eicosene No 

p-Quinone No 

Resorcinol diglycidyl ether No 

Resorcinol monobenzoate No 

Rosin acid salts: 

All other rosin acid salts No 

Salicylic acid, ammonium salt No 

Salicylic acid magnesium salt No 

Stannous octyl phthallate No 



CGY. 

TX. 

ICl. 

BAS, GAP. 

DIX(E). 

AlP, BAS, DOW, TX. 

AMB. 

ASL. 

MAL. 

TX. 

WLN. 

TNA. 

CGY, TNA. 

TMH. 

E'KT. 

WCC. 

TRC. 

HCL. 

TCH, UCC. 

ALW. 

WTC. 

REZ, WLN. 

BOC. 

OWN. 

UCC. 

ORT. 

HCC, TCC. 

ALW. 

ALL 

SDC. 

NCI, SCM. 

SCM. 

SCM. 

ARZ, SCM. 

ARZ, NCI, SCM. 

SCM. 

VIK. 

ARZ, HPC, NCI. 

HPC. 

ARZ, NCI, SCM. 

ARZ, SCM. 

(=)• 

{')■ 

VEL. 

EKT. 

SCM. 

GAP. 

EKT. 

WLN. 

EKT. 

GP. 
WTK. 
KLM, WTK. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-12 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 46— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals for wliich U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 

or estimated, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 47) 



Cyclic— Continued 

Styphnic acid, lead salt No 

Styphnic acid, magnesium salt No 

Styrene oxide No 

Succinic anhydride No 

Succinic anhydride derivatives: Yes 

Dodecenylsuccinic anhydride No 

Dodecylsuccinic anhydride No 

Iso-Hexadecenyl succinic anhydride No 

Iso-octadecenylsuccinic anhydride No 

Nonenylsucclnic anhydride No 

Octadecenyl succinic anhydride No 

Octenylsuccinic anhydride No 

All other succinic anhydride derivatives No 

Sulfosalicylic acid No 

Tall oil acyl chloride No 

Tall oil, chemically modified No 

Tall oil fatty acids, polymerized No 

Tall oil monomer No 

Tall oil pentaerythritol tallate No 

Tall oil salts (Linolelc-rosin acid salts): Yes 

Calcium manganese tallate No 

Cobalt manganese tallate No 

Cobalt tallate No 

Lead tallate No 

Manganese tallate No 

Zinc tallate No 

All other tall oil salts, (Linolelc-rosin acid salts) No 

Tannic acid , N.F No 

Terpene hydrocarbons, monocyclic (Solvenol) No 

Tetrabromobisphenol A No 

1 ,2,3,4-Tetrahydronaphthalene (Tetralln) No 

Tetrahydrothiophene No 

Tetrahydrothiophene-1 ,1 -dioxide (Sulfolane) No 

Tetral<is [methylene ( 3 , 5-di-tert-butyi-4- 

hydroxyhydrocinnamate)methane] No 

Thiodiethylene bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4- 

hydroxyhydrocinnamate No 

Thiophene No 

1,3,5-Tria2ine-(1,3,5(2H,4H,6H))-triethanol No 

3,4,4'-Trichlorocarbanilide No 

Trichloromelamlne No 

1,3, 5-Trichloro-s-triazine-2 ,4,6-(1H,3H,5H) trione 

(Trichloroisocyanuric acid) No 

Trl(2,4-ditertiarybutylphenyl) phosphite No 

Trl(methoxymethyl) tri(stearoxymethyl) melamine No 

Trimethyl-1-cyclohexane No 

3,3,5-Trimethylcyclohexanol (m-Homomenthol) No 

3,5,5-Trimethyl-2-cyclohexene-1-one (Isophorone) ... No 

2,4,6-Trinltroresorcinol and lead derivative No 

Triphenyl phosphite No 

Triphenyltin hydroxide No 

Tris(3,5-di-tert-butyl-y-hydroxybenzyl)isocyanurate No 

1-Vlnyl-2-pyrrolidlnone— other copolymers No 

1 -Vinyl-2-pyrrolidlnone-methylacrylic acid, 

dimethylamine ethyl ester, copolymer No 

1-Vinyl-2-pyrrolldinone, monomer No 

1-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone— vinyl acetate copolymer No 



REM. 
REM(E). 
UCC. 
BCC, MIL. 

BCC, DIX(E), HMY. 

MIL. 

DIX(E), HMY. 

DIX(E), HMY. 

HMY. 

HMY. 

HMY, MIL. 

HMY. 

SHX. 

ccc. 

FCC, WVA, (2), (2). 

WVA. 

WTC. 

EFH. 

MCI, SHP. 

MCI, SHP. 

MCI, SHP, (2). 

MCI. 

MCI, SHP. 

MCI. 

CCA, CIN, GAF, (2) 

MAL. 

HPC, NCI, SCM. 

GTL, TNA, (2). 

DUP. 

PAS. 

PLC. 

CGY. 

CGY. 
PAS. 
(^). 
MON. 
DOW, GFS. 

MON, CMC. 

WTC. 

WPG. 

ENJ. 

ARS. 

UCC. 

REM. 

WTC. 

n- 

CGY. 
GAF. 

GAF. 
GAF. 
GAF. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-13 



Section 15 

Table 46— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 
or estimated, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 47) 



Cyclic— Continued 

All other cyclic chemicals 

Acyclic 



No 



AAC, ALW, ASL, BAS, COG, OWN, EK. 
EKT, HCL, HK, MIL, PAC, PAH, PIC, 
REG, REM, REZ, RH, RSA, S, SCM, 
SHP, TNA, TRC, UCC, WLN, WTC, 
WTL, (=), (2). 



Nitrogenous compounds: Yes 

Aoetaldehyde dimethylhydrazone No 

Adipic acid-dlethylene triamlne condensate No 

Amides: Yes 

Acetamide No 

Acrylamlde monomer No 

Amidoamines No 

Amido amine salts as curing agents No 

1,1' -Azoblsformamlde No 

Behenamlde No 

Bis [2- (octadecylamido) ethyl] -N- (2-cyanoethyl) -N- 

ethyl ammonium ethyl sulfate No 

Chloromethylene dimethyliminium (Amide chloride) ... No 

Coconut oil amide No 

2-Cyanoacetamide No 

N,N-Diethyldodecanamlde No 

N,N-Dimethylacetamlde No 

N,N-Dimethylacetoacetamide No 

DImethylamlnopropyl methacrylamlde No 

N,N-DimethylformamIde No 

Dimethyl oleamide No 

Erucamide No 

Erucyl stearamlde No 

N,N'-Ethylenebls-oleamlde (Oleic acld- 
ethylenediamine condensate (Amine/ 

acid ratio = 1/2)) Yes 

N,N'-Ethylenebis (stearamlde) Yes 

Fatty acid amide mixtures No 

N-(Hydroxymethyl)-formamlde No 

Methacrylamlde No 

Monomethylacetoacetamide No 

Oleamide (Octadecene amide) Yes 

Oleoylpalmltamlde No 

Oxamide No 

Stearamide (Octadeoane amide) No 

Stearylerucamide No 

Stearyl stearamide No 

Tallow amide, hydrogenated No 

All other amides No 

Amines: Yes 

t-Alkylamines, primary, mixed No 

Allylamines: 

Allylamines No 

Dlallylamine No 

Triallylamlne No 

Bis-hexamethylenetriamlne amine No 

Butylamines: Yes 

n-Butylamine, mono No 

sec-Butylamine, mono No 

tert-Butylamine, mono No 

Di-n-Butylamine No 

Diisobutylamlne No 



DIX(E). 
EFH. 

WTK. 

ACY, BFG, COS. 

PAC. 

(=). 

FMT, USR. 

WTC. 

SBC. 

CWN. 

CAD, FER. 

TLI. 

EK. 

DUP, MON. 

BRD, EKT. 

TX. 

AlP, DUP, SYP. 

HAL. 

ARC, WTC. 

WTC. 



BRD, 

BRD, 

GAF. 

(=). 

BFG, 

EKT. 

ARC, 

HXL, 

HML, 

SYP, 

HXL, 

WTC. 

ARC, 

ARC, 

RH. 



CCW, WTC. 
CCW, WTC. 



DUP. 

SYP, WTC. 
WTC. 

(=). 
WTC. 
WTC. 



CAD. 

ARS, EK, HAL, PAH, REG, WTC. 



HCL. 
HCL. 
HCL. 
DUP, MON. 

AlP. PAS. 
FER, PAS. 
MON, SC. 
AlP, PAS. 
AlP, HCL. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-14 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 46— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals for wliich U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 

or estimated, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 47) 



Acyclic— Continued 

Nitrogenous compounds— Continued 
Amines— Continued 
Butylamines— Continued 

Tri-n-butyiamine No 

n-Butyiethyiamlne No 

Carbamate 82IVI No 

Di-tert-butyiethyidiamine No 

Diethylenetriamine No 

Diisopropylamine No 

Dimethylaminopropyiamlne No 

N,N-Dimethylbutylamine No 

Ethylamlnes: 

Diethyiamine No 

Ethylamine, mono- No 

Triethyiamine No 

Ethyienediamine Yes 

2-Ethyihexyiamine, mono- No 

N-Ethyi-2-methyialIyiamine No 

Fatty amines No 

1 ,6-Hexanediamine (Hexamethylenediamine) No 

n-Hexyiamine No 

isopropy (amines: 

Isopropyiamine, mono Yes 

iVIethyiamines: 

Dimethyiamine Yes 

Methyiamine, mono- No 

Trimethyl amine Yes 

tert-Octyiamine No 

Pentaethyienehexamine No 

Pentyiamines (Amylamines) : 

Dipentyiamine No 

Pentyiamine, mono- No 

Tripentyiamine No 

Poly (cxypropyiene) diamine No 

Propylamines: 

DIpropylamine No 

Propylamine, mono- No 

Tripropyiamine No 

Tetraethyienepentamine No 

N , N , N ' , N ' -Tetramethyl-1 , 3-butanedlamine No 

Tetramethyiethylenediamine No 

Triethyienediamine No 

Triethyienetetramine No 

All other amines No 

Other amine-f unction chemicals: 

Ail<yi C,2-C,4 amine hydrochloride No 

2-Aminoethanoi hydrochloride No 

2-Aminoethanoi (Monoethanol amine) sulfite No 

Aminoethoxyethanol No 

2- (2-Aminoethylamino) ethanoi 

(Aminoethylethanoiamine) No 

(2-Aminoethyl)amino]ethanoi, reaction product with 

octadecanoic acid No 

2-Aminoethyi mercaptoacetate (Monoethanolamlne 

thioglycolate) No 

2-Amino-2-ethyi-1 ,3-propanediol No 

Aminoguanidine hydrochloride No 



AiP, PAS. 




AlP. 




AIP. 




HCL. 




DOW, TX, UCC. 




AIP, PAS, UCC. 




AIP, BAS, TX. 




HCL. 




AIP, HCL, PAS, UCC. 




AiP, HCL, PAS, PLC, 


UCC. 


AIP, PAS, UCC. 




DOW, TX, UCC. 




PAS. 




HCL. 




NCI. 




DUP, iVION. 




CXI, PAS. 




AIP, HCL, PAS, UCC. 




AIP, DUP, GAP, IMC, 


UCC, (2). 


AIP, DUP, GAP, IMC. 




AIP, DUP, GAP, IMC. 




RH. 




DOW, UCC. 




HCL, PAS. 




PAS. 




PAS. 




TX. 




AIP, HCL, PAS. 




AIP, PAS. 




AIP, PAS. 




DOW, UCC. 




MON, UCC. 




BKM. 




TX. 




DOW, TRC, UCC. 




ARC, EK, MON, PAC, 


REG, TRC, UCC 


P). 




COS. 




CMC, (2). 




EVN. 




TX. 




DOW, UCC. 




SRI. 




EVN. 




ANG. 




REM(E). 





See footnotes at end of table. 



15-15 



Section 15 



Table 46— Continued 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 
or estimated, identified by manufacturer, 1988 



IVlisoellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 47) 



Acyclic— Continued 

Nitrogenous compounds— Continued 
Amines— Continued 
Other amine-function chemicals— Continued 
2-Amino-2-(hydroxymethyi)-1 ,3-propanediol 

[Tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethanel No 

2-Amino-2-methyl-1 ,3-propanedlol No 

2-Amino-2-methyl-1-propanol No 

Bls(dlmethylaminoethyl) ether No 

tert-Butyiaminoethyi methacrylate No 

tert-Butyidiethanoiamlne No 

tert-Butyl ethanoiamine No 

tert-Butyi urea No 

2-Chloro-N , N-dimethylethylamlne (Dimethylamino 

ethyl chloride) hydrochloride No 

Choline No 

Diallyidimethyl ammonium chloride No 

Di-amine derivatives of dimer acids No 

2-Dibutylaminoethanol No 

Dibutylaminomethanol No 

2-Diethyiaminoethanol (N,N-Diethylethanoiamine) . . No 

2-(2-Dlethylaminoethoxy)ethanol No 

2-Diethylaminoethyl acrylate No 

DIethylaminoethylacrylate, dimethyl sulfate, 

quaternary salt No 

2-Diethylamlnoethyl methacrylate No 

DIethylcarbamoyI chloride No 

Diethylglycol amine (DEGA) No 

DIethyihydroxyiamine No 

1 ,3-Diethyl-2-thiourea No 

2-Diisopropylaminoethanol (N , N-Diisopropylethanol- 

amine) No 

2-Diisopropylaminoethyl methacrylate No 

Dimethyiamine epichlorohydrin copolymer No 

2-Dimethyiaminoethanethiol hydrochloride No 

2-Dimethylaminoethanol (N,N- 

Dimethylethanolamine) Yes 

DImethylaminoethyl aery late, dimethyl sulfate, 

quaternary salt No 

Dimethylaminoethylacrylate, methyl chloride, 

quaternary salt No 

DImethylaminoethyl methacrylate No 

Dimethylaminoethylmethacrylate, dimethyl sulfate, 

quaternary salt No 

Dimethylaminoethylmethacrylate, methyl chloride, 

quaternary salt No 

Dimethyiaminomethanol No 

2-Dlmethylamino-2-methyl-1-propanol hydrochloride No 

1-(Dimethylamino)-2-propanol No 

Dlmethylaminopropylamine,propoxylated No 

2,5-Dithloblurea No 

Ethanolamines; Yes 

Diethanolamine Yes 

Monoethanolamine Yes 

Triethanolamine Yes 

2-Ethylamlnoethanol (Ethylmonoethanolamlne) .... No 

1 ,1-Ethylenediurea No 

5-(N-Ethyl-N-hydroxyethyiamino)-2-pentanone ... No 

2-Ethyl-2-nltro-1 ,3-propanedlol No 

Fatty acid, alkanolamine ester No 



ANG, WTK. 

ANG. 

ANG. 

TX. 

AAC, CPS. 

PAS, UCC. 

UCC. 

ADC, PAS. 

SOIV1. 

RH. 

CPS, (2). 

TRC, WTC. 

PAS. 

P). 

PAS, UCC. 

PAS, UCC. 

CPS. 

CPS. 

CPS, DUP. 

GAP. 

AlP. 

PAS. 

PAS. 

PAS, UCC. 
DUP. 
CPS. 
EVN. 

AlP, PAS, PEL, TX, UCC. 

CPS. 

CPS. 
AAC, CPS. 

AAC, CPS. 

AAC, CPS. 

(')■ 

WPG. 

PAS, PEL. 

TX. 

GAP. 

CNE, DOW, OIVIC, TX, UCC. 

CNE, DOW, OIVIC, TX, UCC. 

CNE, DOW, OMC, TX, UCC. 

PAS. 

EK. 

SDW. 

SDW. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-16 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 46— Continued 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 
or estimated, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list In table 47) 



Acyclic— Continued 



Nitrogenous compounds— Continued 
Amines— Continued 
Other amine-function chemicals— Continued 

Guanldine hydrochloride No 

Hexamethylenediamine adipate (Nylon salt) No 

Hexamethylene-1 ,6-diisocyanate (HDl) No 

Hexamethylene-a , 6-dilsocyanate , biurets 

(HDl-biurets) No 

Hexamethylene-1 ,6-diisocyanate trimers 

(HDl trimers) No 

Hexylamlne ethoxylate No 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-12-hydroxystearamide No 

2-(Hydroxymethyl)-2-nitro-1 ,3-propanediol (Tris- 

(hydroxymethyl)nltromethane) No 

Iminodiacetic acid No 

Isopropanolamlnes : 

Diisopropanolamine No 

Dimethyl Isopropanoiamlne No 

Monoisopropanoiamine No 

Triisopropanolamine No 

2-lsopropylamlnoethanol No 

Ketimine, tetrafunctionai No 

3-MethoxypropyIamine No 

2-Methylamlnoethanol (N-Methylethanolamlne) ... No 

Methyl hydrazine, mono No 

2,2'-(Methylimino)diethanol (IVlethyldiethanolamlne) No 

2-Methyl-2-nltro-1-propanol No 

Mixed higher glycol amine (MHGA) No 

Nitrated lard oil No 

Nitriles: Yes 

Acetonltrile Yes 

Acrylonitrile, monomer Yes 

Adiponitrile No 

Aminodimethyl butyronitrile No 

2, 2-Azobls (dimethyl pentane nitrile) No 

2,2-Azobis(2-methyl butane nitrile) No 

2,2' -Azobls [2-methy Ipropionitrile] 

(Azobisisobutyronitrile) No 

n-Butyronitrile No 

Cyanoacetic acid (Malonic nitrile) No 

1-(2-Cyanoethyl) ethyl urea No 

3-Ethoxypropionitrile No 

Ethyl cyanoacetate No 

Isobutyronitrile No 

3-Methoxypropionltrile No 

Methyl cyanoacetate No 

4-Methyl-5-hydroxymethyl imidazole No 

,2-Methyllactonitrile (Acetone cyanohydrin) Yes 

Propionitrile No 

Stearonitrile (Octadecane nitrile) No 

Tallow nitrile No 

3,3'-ThiodipropionitriIe No 

Trichloroacetonitrile No 

All other nitriles No 

Nitroethane No 

Nitromethane No 

1-Nitropropane No 

2-Nitropropane No 

N-n-Octyl glucamlne No 

Semlcarbazide hydrochloride No 



EK. 

DUP, MON, (2). 

MOB. 



MOB. 

CXI. 

CAS. 

ANG. 
HMP, (2). 

DOW. 

PEL. 

DOW. 

DOW. 

PAS, UCC. 

PAC. 

BAS, TX. 

PAS, UCC. 

CMC, UCC. 

DOW, PAS, TX. 

ANG. 

AlP. 

SM. 

BKC, DUP, SOH, (2). 

AAC, ACY, BFG, DUP, MON, SO, SOH. 

DUP, MON. 

NOD. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 
EKX. 

NOD. 

GAP. 

DIX. 

NOD. 

EKX. 

P). 

NOD. 

SK. 

CYR, DUP, RH, SOH. 

MON. 

SHX. 

SHX. 

EVN. 

CMC. 

COC, EK, EKT, HXL. 

ANG, GON. 

ANG, GON. 

ANG, GON. 

ANG, GON. 

(=). 

CMC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-17 



Section 15 

Table 46— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic cliemicais for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 

or estimated, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 47) 



Acyclic— Continued 

Nitrogenous compounds— Continued 

Stearylamldopropyl dlmethylamine lactate No 

Tetraethyl ammonium bromide No 

Thiosemlcarbazlde No 

Triethyienetetramine, propoxylated No 

Trimethylamlne hydrochloride No 

All other nitrogenous compounds, acyclic No 

Acids, acid anhydrides, and acyl halides: 

Acetic acid, synthetic (100%) Yes 

Acetic anhydride, 100%: 

Acetic anhydride from acetic acid, other than 

recovered, by the vapor-phase process (100%) .. No 

Acetic anhydride from acetic acid, recovered, by 

vapor-phase process No 

Acetyl chloride No 

Acrylic acid Yes 

Adlplc acid No 

Anhydrlde-aold mixture No 

2,2-Bls(Hydroxy-methyl)-proplonlc acid No 

Bromoaoetlc acid No 

Bromobutyrlc acid No 

2-Bromohexanolc acid No 

Butyric acid No 

Butyric anhydride No 

Butyryl chloride No 

Castor oil fatty acids, dehydrated No 

Chioroacetic acid, mono No 

Citric acid No 

Cocoyi chloride No 

Crotonic acid (2-Butenoic acid) No 

Decanoyi chloride No 

2,2-Dlchloroacetyl chloride No 

Dimer acid (Cge Aliphatic dibasic acid) No 

Dithiodlglycoiic acid No 

Dlthlodlproplonlc acid No 

Dodecanediolc acid No 

2-EthyIhexanolc acid (a-Ethylcaprolc acid) No 

2-Ethylhexanoyl chloride Yes 

Fatty acids, hydrogenated Yes 

Fatty acids, mixed chain length, synthetic No 

Fatty adds, non-hydrogenated Yes 

Fatty adds, partially hydrogenated No 

Fumaric add Yes 

Gluconic acid, technical No 

Glutaric acid No 

Glycdlo acid (Hydroxyaoetic acid) No 

Heptanolc acid No 

Isoascorblo acid (Erythorbic acid) No 

Isobutyric acid No 

Isobutyric anhydride No 

Isononanoyl chloride No 

Iso-octadecenoio add No 

Itaconic acid (IVlethylenesuccinic add) No 

Lactic acid No 

Lauroyi chloride No 



WM. 
RSA. 
FMT. 
HXL. 
RSA, (2). 

ADC, ARC, ASL, HCL, CMC, REG, RSA, 
TX, UCC, (2), (2), (2). 



AiP, BCP, EKT, HCL, IVION, SC, UCC, 
USI. 



EKT, UCC. 




PFZ. 




WCC. 




BAS, HCL, 


RH, UCC. 


BFG, DUP, 


MON. 


HCL. 




IMC. 




WCC. 




EKT, GTL. 




EKT. 




EKT, HCL. 




EKT. 




WCC. 




CAS. 




PFZ. 




MLS, PFZ. 




WCC. 




EKT. 




WTL. 




RDA. 




SYL. WTC. 




EVN. 




EVN. 




DUP. 




EKT, UCC. 




PPG, WTC, 


WTL. 


ARC, BRD, 


DRL, SHX, SYP, WTC 


SYP. 




ARC, BRD, 


CAS, DRL, WTC. 


WTC. 




DKA, MON, 


PFZ. 


PFZ, PMP. 




EK. 




DUP. 




ENJ, HCL. 




PFZ. 




EKX. 




EKT, FER. 




HCL. 




SYL. 




PFZ. 




SC. 




WTL. 





See footnotes at end of table. 



15-18 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 46— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 
or estimated, identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 47) 



Acyclic— Continued 

Acids, acid anhydrides, and acyl haiides— Continued 

Malic acid No 

Mercaptoacetic acid (Thioglycoiic acid) No 

3-IVIercaptopropionic acid No 

Mercaptosucclnic acid (Thiomalic acid) No 

Methacryllc acid No 

Methanesulfonic acid , . . . No 

Methanesulfonyi chloride , No 

Neo-Ce-C,2 acids No 

Neodecanoic acid No 

Neodecanoyi chloride Yes 

NeoheptanoyI chloride No 

Nonanolc add (Pelargonic acid) No 

NonanoyI chloride No 

Octanoyl chloride No 

Oleic acid No 

Oxidized FIscher-Tropsch wax No 

PalmltoyI chloride No 

PIvaloyI chloride Yes 

Polyacryllc acid No 

Polyisopropenylphosphlnic acid No 

Propionic acid No 

Propionic anhydride No 

Proplonyl chloride No 

Sebaoic acid No 

SebacoyI chloride No 

3,3'-Thlodlpropionlc acid No 

Thiodlsucclnic acid No 

Thiolactic acid No 

Trichloroacetic acid No 

Trifluoroacetic acid No 

Trifluoroacetio anhydride No 

Trifiuoroacetyi chloride No 

Trimer dibasic acids No 

Valeric acid No 

ValeroyI chloride No 

All other acids, acid anhydrides, and acyl haiides No 

Salts of organic acids: 

Acetic acid salts: Yes 

Aluminum acetate No 

Ammonium acetate No 

Barium acetate No 

Calcium acetate No 

Chromium acetate No 

Cobalt acetate No 

Cobalt manganese acetate No 

Copper acetate , No 

Hydretzlne acetate No 

Lead acetate No 

Lead subacetate No 

l^agnesium acetate No 

iVIanganese acetate No 

Nlcl<el acetate No 

Potassium acetate No 

Sodium acetate Yes 

Sodium diacetate , No 



DKA. 

ELC, EVN. 
EVN, WTC. 
EVN. 
DUP, RH. 
PAS. 
PAS. 
ENJ. 
ENJ. 

PPQ, WTC, WTL 
WTC. 
EMR, HCL. 
WCC. 

WCC, WTL. 
DRL, WTC. 
ENJ, SQA. 
HCL 

PPQ. WCC, WTC, WTL. 
BFQ, BKM, RH. 
NES. 

EKT, HCL, UCC. 
EKT. 
WCC. 
WTH. 
ALD, EK. 
EVN. 
EVN. 
EVN. 
MNA. 
HOC. 
HOC. 
HOC. 
WTC. 
UCC. 
WCC. 

ARC, COC, DUP, EK, ENJ, HMY, HOC, 
PAH, PG, UCC. 



HCP, JRC, NCC. 

BKC, WTK. 

BKC. 

HFT, NCC. 

SHP. 

SHP. 

SHP. 

BKC. 

FIVIT. 

BKC. 

BKC. 

BKC, SHP. 

SHP. 

SHP. 

BKC, HCP, JRC, NCC, PEL. 

ATL, BKC, BRI, DAN, HCP, JRC, MAL, 

NCC, UCC, («). 
HCP, JRC, NCC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-19 



Section 15 

Table 46— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 

or estimated, identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 47) 



Acyclic— Continued 

Salts of organic acids— Continued 
Acetic acid salts— Continued 

Zinc acetate Yes 

Zirconium acetate No 

Adipic acid, ammonium salt No 

Adipic acid, sodium salt No 

Adipic dihydrazide No 

3-Allyloxy-2-hydroxy propane sulfonic acid, sodium salt No 
1 ,2,4-Butanetricarboxylic acid, 2-phosphono, 

sodium salt No 

Citric acid salts: 

Ammonium citrate No 

Calcium citrate No 

Potassium citrate No 

Sodium citrate No 

Zinc citrate No 

All other citric acid salts No 

Diammonium dithiodiglycolate No 

2-Ethylhexanolc acid (alpha-ethylcaproic acid) salts: Yes 

Aluminum 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Barium 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Bismuth 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Cadmium 2-ethylhexanoate Yes 

Calcium 2-ethylhexanoate Yes 

Cerium 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Chromium 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Cobalt 2-ethylhexanoate Yes 

Cobalt-potassium 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Copper 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Iron 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Lead 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Manganese 2-ethylhexanoate Yes 

Nickel 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Potassium 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Rare earths 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Sodium 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Stannous 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Zinc 2-ethylhexanoate Yes 

Zirconium 2-ethylhexanoate Yes 

All other 2-ethylhexanoic acid salts No 

Fish oil, C,4-C22 menhaden, lead salts No 

Formic acid salts: 

Ammonium formate No 

Calcium formate No 

Potassium formate No 

Sodium formate, technical No 

Fumarlc acid, lead salt No 

Gluconic acid salts: 

Sodium gluconate No 

Gly colic acid, potassium salt No 

Glycolic acid, sodium salt No 

Isoascorbic acid, sodium salt (Sodium erythorbate) ... No 

Tertlary-alpha-alkylcarboxyllc acid salts 
(isocarboxyllc acid salts): 

Calcium t-a-alkylcarboxylate No 

Cobalt t-a-alkylcarboxylate No 



BKC, 


CCC, 


, DIX, 


SHP, 


WTK. 




CCC, 


, TZC. 










ACS. 












OCR. 












FMT. 












(^). 












BRI. 












PFZ. 












PFZ. 












HXL, 


MLS, 


PFZ. 








BRI, 


CIN, HXL, MLS, PCI, PFZ, (=). 


WTK. 












P). 












EVN. 












NOC 












NOD, 


, WTC 










SHP. 












CCA, 


FER, 


WTC 








CCA, 


FER, 


MCI, 


NOD, 


TRO, 


WTC. 


SHP. 












MCI, 


SHP. 










CCA, 


MCI, 


NOD, 


SHP, 


TRO. 




MCI. 












MCI, 


NOD. 










CCA, 


NOD 










CCA, 


NOD 


, SHP 


, TRO 






CCA, 


MCI, 


NOD, 


SHP, 


TRO. 




MCI, 


SHP. 










CCA, 


MCI, 


PEL. 








CCA, 


MCI. 










LIL. 












FER. 












CCA, 


FER, 


MCI, 


NOD, 


OMC, 


SHP, TRO, 


VNC, WTC. 








CCA, 


MCI, 


NOD, 


TRO. 






NOD, 


SHP. 










ELC. 












RSA, 


WTK. 










IMC. 












HOP, 


JRC. 










BKC, 


PST. 










ALL 












PFZ, 


PMP. 










HOP, 


JRC. 










BRI, 1 


HOP, . 


JRC. 








PFZ. 












MCI. 












MCI. 













See footnotes at end of table. 



15-20 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 46— Continued 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic ciiemlcals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 
or estimated, identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 47) 



Acyclic— Continued 



Salts of organic acids— Continued 

Tertlary-alpha-aikylcarboxyllc acid salts 
(Isooarboxyiic acid salts)- Continued 

Copper t-Q;-ail<ylcarboxylate No 

Iron t-a-alkyicarboxylate No 

Lead t-a-ali<ylcarboxyiate No 

IVIanganese t-a-alkylcarboxylate No 

Mixed t-a-aikylcarboxyllc acid salts No 

Zinc t-a-alkyloarboxyiate No 

Zirconium t-a-aikylcarboxylate No 

All other t-a-alkylcarboxyiic acid salts 

(isocarboxyllc acid salts) No 

Isooctanolc acid salts: 

Isooctanolc acid, lead salt No 

isooctanolc acid, manganese salt No 

isooctanolc acid, calcium salt No 

Lactic acid salts: 

Ammonium lactate No 

Sodium lactate (Naiac) No 

Laurie acid salts: Yes 

Barium cadmium laurate No 

Barium laurate No 

Cadmium laurate No 

Dibutyltin diiaurate No 

Laurie acid, zinc salt No 

Tin laurate No 

Linoleic acid salts: 
Calcium llnoleate No 

Malelc acid salts: 

Dibutyltin maleate No 

Tribasic lead maleate No 

IVIercaptoacetlc acid (Thloglycolic acid) salts: 

Ammonium mercaptoacetate No 

Calcium mercaptoacetate No 

Sodium mercaptoacetate . . . . ; No 

Ail other mercaptoacetlc acid (Thloglycolic acid) 
salts No 

Neodecanoic acid salts: 

Bismuth neodecanoate No 

Calcium neodecanoate Yes 

Cobalt neodecanoate No 

Lead-cobalt neodecanoate No 

Lead neodecanoate No 

Lithium neodecanoate No 

IVIanganese neodecanoate No 

Rare earths neodecanoate No 

Zinc neodecanoate No 

Zirconium neodecanoate No 

Octanolc-acid (capryiic acid) salts: 
Aluminum octanoate No 

Oleic acid salts: Yes 

Calcium oleate No 

Copper oleate No 

Sodium oleate No 

Oxalic acid salts: 

Ammonium oxalate No 

Potassium oxalate Yes 

Sodium oxalate No 



MCI. 
MCI. 
MCI. 
MCI. 
MCI. 
MCI. 
MCI. 

MCi. 



CCA. 




CCA. 




CCA. 




WM. 




PFN. 




per; WTC. 




SYP. 




SYP. 




WTC, (2). 




SYP. 




PER. 




CCA. 




WTC. 




ALL 




EVN, WTC. 




EVN. 




EVN, (2), 




CCA. 




COS, SHP. 




CCA, PER, 


MCi, SHP, 


MCI, SHP. 




MCI. 




MCI. 




MCI. 




MCi, SHP. 




MCI. 




SHP. 




MCI, SHP. 




SYP, WTC. 




n. 




MCi. 




WTC. 




BKC, HML, 


WTK. 


BKC, HML, 


WTK. 


BKC, HML, 


WTK. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-21 



Section 15 



Table 46— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 

or estimated, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 47) 



Acyclic— Continued 

Salts of organic adds— Continued 

Pelargonio add, calcium salt (Calcium nonoate) No 

Phosphorodithldc add salts (dlthlophosphates) : 

Potassium dlhexyl phosphorodlthloate No 

Sodium di-seo-butyl/diethyl phosphorodlthloate No 

Sodium dl-sec-butyl phosphorodlthloate No 

Sodium diethyl phosphorodlthloate No 

Sodium dlhexyl phosphorodlthloate No 

Sodium dllsobutyl phosphorodlthloate No 

Sodium dllsopropyl phosphorodlthloate No 

Propionic add salts: Yes 

Calcium propionate Yes 

Sodium propionate NO 

All other propionic acid salts No 

Rldndelc acid salts: 

All other rldndelc add salts No 

Sodlum-N-methyl-N-deyl taurate No 

Sodium d1-2-sulfosucclnate No 

Stearic acid salts: Yes 

Aluminum stearates: Yes 

Aluminum distearate No 

Aluminum monostearate No 

Aluminum tristearate Yes 

Ammonium stearate No 

Barium stearate Yes 

Cadmium stearate No 

Calcium stearate Yes 

Cobalt stearate No 

Lead stearate No 

Lead stearate, dibasic No 

Lithium stearate No 

Magnesium stearate Yes 

Potassium stearate No 

Sodium stearate No 

Strontium stearate No 

Zinc stearate Yes 

Tartaric add salts: 

Potassium sodium tartrate No 

Sodium bitartrate No 

All other tartaric add salts No 

Thioacetic acid, potassium salt No 

All other salts of organic acids No 

Aldehydes: 

Acetaidehyde No 

Acrolein (Acryiaidehyde) No 

Butyraidehyde Yes 

Crotonaldehyde No 

2-Ethylhexanal (a-Ethylcaproaidehyde) No 

Formaldehyde (37% HCHO by weight) Yes 

Glutaraidehyde No 

Glyoxai No 

Isobutyraldehyde No 

Propionaldehyde No 

Vaieraldehyde (Pentanai) No 

All other aldehydes, acyclic No 



SYP. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY. ELC. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ELC. 

ACY. 

HFT, KMI, NCC. 
HFT, NCC. 
MCK. 

CAS. 
WPQ. 
WPG. 



MAL, NOC, NOD, SYP. 

MAL, NOD, SYP. 

MAL, NOC, NOD, SYP, WTC, (*). 

WPG. 

ALL NOC, NOD, SYP, WTC. 

SYP, VNC, WTC. 

ALI, FER. MAL, NOC, NOD, SQA, SYP, 

WTC. 
MCI. SHP. 
ALI. 
ALI. 

NOC, WTC. 

ALI, MAL, NOC, NOD, SYP, WTC. 
WTC. 
WTC. 
WTC. 
CCC. MAL. NOC, NOD, PLS, SYP, WTC. 

PFZ. 
EKX. 
RSA. 
RSA. 
EK, EKX, FER, TCH. 

EKX, HCL, UCC. 

UCC. 

8AS. EKX, HCL, UCC. 

EKT. 

EKX. HCL, UCC. 

BOR. CBD, DGC, DUP, GAF. GP, HCL, 

HPC, IMC, MON, WCL. 
UCC. 
ACY. 

BAS, HCL. TU, UCC. 
EKX, HCL, UCC. 
UCC. 
UCC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-22 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 46— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 

or estimated, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 47) 



Acyclic— Continued 

Ketones; 
Acetone Yes 

5-Chloro-2-pentanone No 

1-Chloroplnacolone No 

Chloro-2-propanone (Chloroacetone) No 

Dllsopropyl ketone (2,4-Dimethyl-3-pentanone) No 

2-Heptanone (Methyl amyl ketone) No 

4-Hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone (DIacetone alcohol) No 

Isovalerone (Dlisobutyl ketone) No 

Methyl ethyl ketone Yes 

5-Methyl-2-hexanone (Methyl Isoamyl ketone) No 

Methylhexyl ketone No 

Methyl Isobutyl ketone Yes 

4-Methyl-3-penten-2-one (Mesltyl oxide) No 

Methylpseudoionone No 

2-Octanone (Hexyl methyl ketone) No 

2,4-Pentanedione (Acetylacetone) No 

3-Pentanone (Diethyl ketone) No 

Pseudolonone No 

2,6,8-Trimethyl-4-nonanone (Isobutyl heptyl ketone) . . No 

All other ketones No 

Alcohols, monohydric, unsubstltuted: 

Alcohols, Cii or lower, unmixed (95% or more pure): Yes 

Allyl alcohol No 

Amyl alcohols: 

Amyl alcohol, primary No 

2-Methyl-1-butanol No 

1 -Pentanol No 

Butyl alcohols; Yes 

n-Butyl alcohol (n-Propylcarblnol) Yes 

sec-Butyl alcohol (Methylethylcarblnol) No 

tert-Butyl alcohol (Trimethylcarblnol) No 

Isobutyl alcohol (Isopropylcarblnol) Yes 

1 -Decanol No 

Dlisobutyl alcohol No 

2,2-Dlmethylbutanol (Isohexyi alcohol) No 

1-Docosanol (Behenyl alcohol, Cjz) No 

Ethyl alcohol, synthetic Yes 

2-Ethyl-1-hexanol Yes 

n-Heptyl alcohol No 

n-Hexyl alcohol No 

Isodecyl alcohol No 

Isoheptyl alcohol No 

Isononyl alcohol No 

Iso-octadecyl alcohol No 

Iso-octyl alcohol No 

Isopropyl alcohol Yes 

Methanol, synthetic Yes 

Methyl amyl alcohol No 

2-Methyl-1 -pentanol No 

4-Methyl-2-pentanol (1-Methylisobutylcarblnol) No 

1 -Octanol No 

Propyl alcohol (Prooanol) Yes 

2-Propyn-1-ol (Propargyl alcohol) No 

Undecanol (linear C,, alcohol) No 

All other alcohols, unmixed C,, or lower No 



ACS, ART, ATR, BTL, DOW, ENJ, GE, 

GGC, SHC, SKO, UCC. 
SDW. 
CHG. 
MRK. 
EKX. 
EKT. 

HCL, SHC, UCC. 
EKT, UCC. 

ATR, ENJ, LYP, SHC, UCC. 
EKT. 
UPM. 

EKT, EKX, ENJ, SHC, UCC. 
UCC. 
NCI. 
WTH. 
UCC. 

EKT, CRT, UCC. 
NCI, SCM. 
UCC. 
COC, EK. 



FMC. 

UCC. 

CPS, UCC. 
UCC. 

BAS, CXI, EKX, GAP, HCL, SHC, 

UCC, VST. 
ENJ, GAP, SHC. 
ATR, CXI. 

ART, BAS, CPS, EKX, HCL, SHC, UCC. 
TNA, VST. 
UCC. 
ENJ. 

CUY 

DOW, EKX, UCC, USI, VST. 

ART, BAS, EKX, SHC, TU, UCC. 

EKX. 

TNA, VST. 

ENJ. 

ENJ. 

ENJ. 

SHX. 

ENJ. 

ATR, ENJ, LYP, SHC, UCC. 

AlP, BCP, DUP, EKT, ENJ, GGC, HCL, 

LYP. 
UCC. 
UCC. 

ENJ, UCC. 
TNA, VST. 

EKX, HCL, UCC, WTH. 
GAP. 

BAS, ENJ. 
EKT, SHC, UCC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-23 



Section 15 

Table 46— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 

or estimated, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list In table 47) 



Acyclic— Continued 

Alcohols, monohydric, unsubstltuted— Continued 

Alcohols C,2 or higher, unmixed (95% or more pure): Yes 

Dodecyl alcohol (Lauryl alcohol) Yes 

1-Hexadecanol (Cetyl alcohol) Yes 

1-Octadeoanol (Stearyl alcohol) No 

cis-9-Octadecen-1-ol (Oleyl alcohol) No 

1-Tetradecanol (Myristyl alcohol) No 

1 -Tridecanol No 

2,6,8-Trimethyl-4-nonanol No 

Mixtures of alcohols: Yes 

Mixtures of alcohols, C,2 and higher Yes 

All other alcohol mixtures Yes 

Esters of monohydric alcohols: 

Acrylic monomers, mixed No 

C,2-Ci5 Alcohol esters of lactic acid No 

Allyl methaorylate Yes 

Amyl acetates: 

Amyl acetate (n-Pentyl acetate) No 

All other amyl acetates No 

Butyl acetates: 

n-Butyl acetate Yes 

Isobutyl acetate Yes 

Butyl acrylate Yes 

sec-Butyl chloroformate No 

Butyl lactate No 

Butyl levullnate No 

Butyl maleate No 

Butyl mercaptopropionate No 

Butyl methaorylate No 

Butyl oleate No 

n-Butyl perchlorocrotonate No 

Cetyleicosyl methaorylate No 

Diallyl maleate No 

Dibutyl maleate No 

DIdecyl adlpate No 

Diethyl carbonate (Ethyl carbonate) No 

Di{2-ethyl-1-hexyl) maleate Yes 

Diethyl maleate No 

Diethyl oxalate (Ethyl oxalate) No 

Dilauryl-3,3'-thiodipropionate Yes 

Dimethyl carbonate No 

Dimethyl maleate No 

Dlmyrlstyl-3,3'-thiodipropionate Yes 

Dioctyl maleate No 

Distearyl-3,3'-thlodipropionate No 

Dithiobis(stearyl propionate) No 

Ditrldecyl maleate No 

Di(tridecyl)-3,3'-thiodipropionate No 

Dodecylpentadecyl methaorylate No 

Dodecyl succinic lactate No 

2-Ethoxyethyl acetate No 

Ethyl acetate (100% basis) Yes 

Ethyl acetoacetate No 

Ethyl acrylate Yes 

Ethyl chloroformate No 

Ethyl chlorothiolformate No 

Ethylene carbonate No 



PG, TNA, VST. 

AAC, ENJ, PG, VST. 

AAC, ENJ, PG, TNA, VST. 

SHX. 

VST. 

ENJ. 

UCC. 

PG, SHC, SHX, TNA, VST. 
AAC, BAS, ENJ, NCI, PG, SCP, SHC, 
TNA, UCC, VST, WTK. 

AAC, CPS. 

VND. 

AAC, BRD, CPS. 

UCC. 
WTL. 

BAS, EKT, HCL, UCC. 

BAS, EKT, EKX, HCL, UCC. 

BAS, HCL, RH, UCC. 

PPG, VCM, WTL. 

CPS. 

SOM. 

TCH. 

EVN. 

DUP, RH. 

ELC. 

MAL. 

RH 

AAC, FMC. 

ART, NOD. 

QCP. 

PPG. 

BRI, CHP, FTX. 

ACY. 

(^). 

CCW, EVN, WTC. 

PPG. 

AAC. 

CCW. 

ART, NOD. 

CCW, EVN, WTC. 

EVN. 

EFH. 

EVN, WTC. 

RH. 

SM. 

UCC. 

EKT, EKX, HCL, MON. 

EKT. 

BAS, HCL, RH, UCC. 

PPG. 

ICI. 

TX. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-24 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 46— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 

or estimated, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 47) 



Acyclic — Continued 

Esters of monohydric alcohols— Continued 

Ethyl 3-ethoxy propionate No 

2-Ethyl-1-hexyl acetate No 

2-Ethyl-1-hexyl acrylate Yes 

2-Ethylhexyl chloroformate Yes 

2-Ethyl-1-hexyl methacrylate No 

Ethyl methacrylate No 

Ethyl sulfate (Diethyl sulfate) No 

Fatty acid esters, not Included with plasticizers or 

surface active agents: Yes 

Diglycol dimerate No 

Diisopropyl dimerate No 

Diisostearyl dimerate No 

Dioctyi dimerate No 

Docosanyl docosenoate No 

2-Ethylhexyl stearate No 

Isocetyl stearate No 

Isopropyl linoleate No 

Isostearyl Isostearate No 

Methyl esters of coconut oil No 

Methyl esters of lard No 

Methyl esters of tallow No 

Methyl 12-hydroxystearate No 

Methyl Iso-octadecenoate No 

Methyl linoleate No 

Methyl stearate No 

Myrlstyl myristate Yes 

Myrlstyl stearate No 

Stearyl stearate No 

Tridecyl stearate Yes 

All other fatty acid esters, not included with 

plasticizers surface-active agents No 

Hexyl acetate No 

Isobutyl acrylate No 

Isobutyl chloroformate No 

Isobutyl Isobutyrate No 

Isobutyl methacrylate No 

Isodecyl acrylate No 

Isodecyl mercaptoacetate No 

Isodecyl methacrylate No 

Iso-octyl mercaptoacetate No 

lso-octyl-3-mercaptopropionate No 

Isopropyl acetate Yes 

Isopropyl chloroformate Yes 

Isostearyl neopentanoate No 

Lauryl lactate No 

Lauryl methacrylate Yes 

1-Methoxy-2-ethyl acetate No 

2-Methoxyethyl acrylate No 

Methyl acetoacetate No 

Methyl acrylate, monomer No 

Methyl chloroformate No 

Methyl 3,3-dimethyl-4-pentenoate No 

Methyl formate No 

Methyl isodehydroacetate No 

Methyl methacrylate, monomer Yes 

Methyl sulfate (Dimethyl sulfate) No 

Myrlstyl lactate No 



UCC. 

EKT. 

BAS, HCL, UCC, VCM. 

HCL, PPG, WTL. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

UCC. 



WTC. 

SBC. 

SBC. 

WTC. 

SBC. 

BRI. 

VND. 

VND. 

SBC. 

WTC. 

PER. 

CHL, PER. 

CAS, WTH. 

SYL. 

HRT. 

CHL, WTC. 

AAC, SBC, VND. 

AAC. 

AAC. 

HCL, RPC, WTC. 

ALI, HDG, HPC. 

CPS, ENJ. 

BAS. 

PPG, VCM. 

EKX. 

RH. 

CPS. 

EVN. 

RH. 

CCW, EVN. 

EVN. 

EKT, HCL, UCC. 

PPG, VCM, WTL. 

SBC, VND. 

VND. 

AAC, CPS, RH. 

EKX. 

CPS. 

EKT. 

BAS, HCL. 

PPG. 

FMN. 

HCL. 

EKT. 

CYR, DUP, RH. 

DUP. 

VND. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-25 



Section 15 



Table 46— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 

or estimated, identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic cliemicals 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 47) 



Acyclic— Continued 

Esters of monohydric alcohols— Continued 

Octadecyl-3-mercaptopropionate No 

Phosphorus acid esters: Yes 

Amy! hydrogen phosphate No 

Bis (2-chloroethyl)-2-chloroethylphosphonate No 

Bis (2-ethylhexyl) hydrogen phosphite No 

Butyl acid phosphate No 

ChloroalkyI diphosphate ester, neutral No 

ChloroalkyI phosphate ester No 

Dibutyl butylphosphonate No 

Dibutyl hydrogen phosphite No 

Dibutyl pyrophosphate No 

Diethylhexyl phosphoric acid No 

Diethyl hydrogen phosphite No 

Diethyl phosphenothionic dichloride No 

Diethyl phosphorochloridothionate No 

Dimethyl hydrogen phosphite No 

Dimethyl methylphosphonate No 

Dimethyl phosphoridothionate No 

Dioleyl hydrogen phosphite No 

2-Ethylhexyl hydrogen phosphate No 

Iso-octyl hydrogen phosphate No 

Methyl dihydrogen phosphate No 

Mixed diall<yl hydrogen phosphates No 

Stearyl acid phosphate No 

Tetrakis(2-chloroethyl)ethylene diphosphate No 

Tetrakis (2-chlorolsopropyl) ethylene diphosphate 

(T-RDT) No 

TrialkyI phosphite No 

TrialkyI thiophosphite No 

Tributyl phosphate No 

Triethyl phosphite No 

Triisodecylphosphite No 

Triiso-octyl phosphite Yes 

Triisopropyl phosphite No 

Trimethyl phosphite No 

Trls(2-chloroethyl) phosphate No 

Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphite No 

Tris-2-chloropropyl phosphate No 

Tris(2-ethylhexyl)phosphite No 

All other phosphorus acid esters No 

Propyl acetate Yes 

Propyl chlorothioformate No 

Propylene carbonate No 

Stearyl methacrylate No 

Tetraethyl orthosilicate (Tetraethyl silicate) No 

Tetrapropyl silicate No 

Titanic acid esters: 
Bis [2- (bis [2-hydroxyethyl] amino) ethyl] dlisopropyl 

titanate No 

Bls(ethyl-3-oxobutanato)bls(2-propanolato) 

titanium No 

Dl (hydroxy) bis (ammoniumlactato)tltanlum No 

Tetrabutyl titanate No 

Tetraisopropyl titanate No 

Tetrakis(2-ethylhexyl)titanate No 

Triethanolamine titanate No 

All other titanic acid esters No 



HK. 






ALW. 






ALW. 






HK. 






ALW. 






ALW. 






ALW, 


HDG. 




ALW. 






ALW. 






ALW. 






ALW. 






TNA. 






ICI, TNA. 




ALW. 






ALW, 


HDG. 




ICI. 






EKT. 






ALW. 






ALW. 






HK. 






ELC. 






HK. 






CMC. 






CMC. 






MCB. 






MCB. 






FMC. 






ALW, 


ICI. 




WTC. 






ALW, 


MCB, 


TX. 


ALW. 






ALW, 


ICI. 




PEL. 






ALW, 


CMC 




ALW, 


PEL. 




ALW. 






ALW, 


ART, 


AZT, (2). 


BAS, 


EKT, 


HCL, UCC, 


ICI. 






TX. 






CPS, 


RH, TX. 


UCC. 






NOD, 


UCC. 





DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP, NOD. 

NOD. 

BUC, DUP. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-26 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 46— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 

or estimated, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics'' 



ti/lanufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 47) 



Acyclic— Continued 

Esters of monohydric alcohols — Continued 

Triethyi orthoacetate No 

Trlethyi orthoformate No 

Triethyi orthopropionate No 

Trimethyi orthoacetate No 

Trimethyi orthoformate No 

Vinyl acetate, monomer Yes 

All other monohydric alcohol esters Yes 

Poiyhydric alcohols: Yes 

2,2-Bis(bromomethyl)-1 ,3-propanedioi No 

1 ,2 (and 1 ,3)-Butanedioi No 

1 ,4-Butanediol Yes 

2-Butene-1 ,4-diol No 

2-Butyne-1 ,4-diol No 

3-Chioro-1 ,2-propanediol (Glycerol a-chlorohydrin) . . No 

2,2-Dimethyi-1,3-propanedioi (Neopentyi glycol) No 

Ethylene glycol Yes 

2-Ethyl-1 ,3-hexanediol No 

2-Ethyi-2- (hydroxymethyi) -1 , 3-propanediol 

(Trimethylolpropane) No 

Glycerol, synthetic only No 

1 ,6-Hexanediol No 

2- (Hydroxymethyi) -2-methyi-1 , 3-propanediol 

(Trimethyloiethane) No 

iVIannitol No 

3-Mercapto-1 ,2-propanedioi (Thioglyceroi) No 

2-Methyi-2,4-pentanediol (Hexylene glycol) No 

Pentaerythritol Yes 

1 ,5-Pentanediol No 

Propylene glycol (1 ,2-Propanedioi) Yes 

Sorbitol (70% by Weight) No 

2,2,4-Trimethyl-1 ,3-pentanediol No 

All other poiyhydric alcohols No 

Esters and ethers of poiyhydric alcohols: 

Poiyhydric alcohol esters: Yes 

2-(2-Butoxyethoxy) ethyl acetate No 

2-Butoxyethyl acetate No 

1 ,3-Butylene glycol diborate No 

1 ,3-Butylene glycol diborate/hexylene glycol 

boric anhydride No 

Diethylene glycol adipate No 

Diethylene glycol, borated No 

Diethylene glycol chloroformate No 

Diethylene glycol dimethacrylate No 

2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethyl acetate No 

Ethylene glycol diacetate No 

Ethylene glycol diacrylate No 

Ethylene glycol dimercaptoacetate No 

Ethylene glycol dimethacrylate No 

Glycerldes, Ci4-C,e and C,6-C,e mono- and di- No 

Glycerldes, mono, mixed No 

Glycerol propoxylate triacrylate No 

Glyceryl diacetate (Diacetin) No 

Glyceryl monoacetate (Monoacetin) No 

Glyceryl monothioglycolate No 

Glyceryl triacetate (Triacetin) No 



NOD. 
NOD. 
NOD. 
NOD. 
NOD. 

DUP, PER, HCL, UCC, USI. 
AAC, BAS, COC, EKT, ENJ, MON, PD, 
VND, (2). 

DOW. 

HCL. 

BAS, DUP, GAP. 

DIX, GAP. 

BAS, GAP. 

AAC, DIX, EVN. 

BAS EKX 

BAs! ONE, CXI, DOW, DUP, EKX, HCF, 

HCL, CMC, PDG, PLC, SHC, TX, UCC, 

USI. 
UCC. 

HCL. 

DOW, SYP. 
BAS, CXI, WTL. 

IMC! 

ICI. 

EVN. 

SHC, 

HCL, 

BAS. 

ATR, 

EHC, 

EKX. 

ARC, EK, ICI, SHC. 



UCC. 
HPC, PST. 



DOW, OMC, TX, UCC. 
ICI, PFZ. 



EKT, UCC. 
EKT, UCC. 
USB. 

USB. 

CMB, HAL. 

OMC. 

ICI, PPG. 

CPS. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

CPS. 

EVN. 

CPS 

SHX, WTC. 

WTC. 

REZ. 

HAL. 

HAL. 

EVN, WTC. 

EKT. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-27 



Section 15 



Table 46— Continued 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 
or estimated, identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclio and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 47) 



Acyclic— Continued 

Esters and ethers of polyhydric alcohols— Continued 

Polyhydric alcohol esters— Continued Yes 

Glyceryl tristearate No 

1 ,6-Hexanediol diacrylate No 

Hydroxyethyl acrylate No 

Hydroxyethyl methacrylate No 

Hydroxypropyl acrylate No 

Hydroxypropyl methacrylate No 

2-Methoxyethyl acetate No 

Nopeopentyl glycol dicaprate No 

Pentaerythritol stearate No 

Pentaerythritol tetraacrylate No 

Pentaerythritol tetrakis (3-Mercaptoproplonate) No 

Polyethylene glycol dimethacrylate No 

Sucrose octa-acetate No 

Tetraethylene glycol diacrylate No 

Tetraethylene glycol dimethacrylate No 

Trimethylolpropane decanoic acid ester No 

Trimethylolpropane ethoxylate triacrylate No 

Trimethylolpropane triacrylate No 

Trimethylolpropane tri(2-mercaptopropionate) No 

Trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate No 

Trimethylolpropane trioleate (TIVIP trioleate) No 

2,2,3-Trimethyl-1,3-pentanediol monolsobutyrate ... No 

Tripropylene glycol diacrylate No 

All other polyhydric alcohol esters No 

Polyhydric alcohol ethers: Yes 
Bis(2-butoxyethyl)ether (Diethylene glycol di-n- 

butyl ether) No 

Bis (2-ethoxyethyl) ether (Diethylene glycol 

diethyl ether) No 

Bis2-(2-methoxyethoxy) ethyl ether 

(Tetraethylene glycol dimethyl ether) No 

Bls(2-methoxyethyl)ether (Diethylene glycol 

dimethyl ether) No 

2-Butoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether) . . Yes 
2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol 

monobutyl ether) Yes 

2- [2- (2-Butoxyethoxy ) ethoxy] ethanol (Triethylene 

glycol monobutyl ether) Yes 

1-Butoxyethoxy-2-propanol No 

Butyl ethers of tetra- and higher ethylene glycols 

(high boiling) No 

i-Butyraldehyde trimer No 

Diethylene glycol Yes 

Diethylene glycol divlnyl ether ' No 

Diethylene glycol mono-n-propyl ether No 

Difunctional epoxy acrylate No 

Dimethoxyethane (Ethylene glycol dimethyl ether) . . No 

Dipropylene glycol Yes 

Dipropylene glycol monomethyl ether No 

2-Ethoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether) . . No 
2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol 

monoethyl ether) Yes 

2-[2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethoxyeth3nol (Triethylene 

glycol monoethyl ether) No 



BRD. 












REZ. 












DOW 


, RH. 










RH. 












DOW 


, RH. 










AAC, 


RH. 










UCC. 












SBC. 












BRD. 












REZ. 












EVN. 












SQA. 












HFT. 












REZ. 












AAC. 












SM. 












REZ. 












AAC, 


CPS, 


REZ. 








EVN. 












CPS. 












EFH. 












EKX. 












REZ. 












AAC, 


SQA, 


VDM. 








ASL, 


FER. 










ASL, 


DRC, 


FER. 








ASL, 


FER. 










ASL, 


FER. 










ONE, 


DOW 


, EKX, 


OMC, 


SHC, 


UCC. 


DOW 


, EKX, 


OMC, 


SHC, 


UCC. 




DOW 


, OMC 


, UCC 








UCC. 












EKX. 












HTM. 












BAS, 


ONE, 


CXI, DOW, DUP, EKX, HCL, 


CMC, PDG, SHC, TX, 


UCC USI. 


GAF. 












EKX. 












SQA. 












ASL, 


FER. 










ATR, 


DOW, 


OMC, 


UCC. 






OMC. 












EKX, 


OMC, 


UCC. 









DOW, EKX, OMC, UCC. 
DOW, OMC, UCC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-28 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 46— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 

or estimated, identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 47) 



Acyclic— Continued 

Ester and ethers of polyhydric aicohols— Continued 
Polyhydric alcohols ethers— Continued 

Ethylene glycol di-tributyl ether No 

Ethylene glycol di-trl-ethyl ether No 

Ethyl ethers of tetra and higher ethylene glycols 

(high boiling) No 

2-[2-(Hexyloxy)ethoxy]ethanol No 

2-Methoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monomethyl 

ether) No 

2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol 

mono-methyl ether) Yes 

2-[2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene 

glycol monomethyl ether) Yes 

2- (2-Methoxyethoxy ) ethyl-2-methoxyethyl ether 

(Triethylene glycol dimethyl ether) No 

Methoxypolyethylene glycol No 

1-Methoxy-2-propanoi No 

Methoxypropyl acetate No 

Paraformaldehyde No 

Polyethylene glycol Yes 

Polyethylene glycol butyl ether, propoxylated No 

Polyethylene glycol dimethyl ether No 

Polyglycols, ethylene glycol and glycol ether, mixed . . No 

Polymethylvinyl ether monoethylmaleate No 

Polyoxyalkylene glycol No 

Poly(oxy-1 ,2-ethanediyl) , a-hydro-co-hydroxy; 

(C2H40)nH2O) No 

Polypropoxy ethers: 

Poly (propoxy) butyl ether, ethoxylated No 

Polyoxypropylene-polyoxyethylene glycol, mixed No 

Polypropylene glycol No 

Polypropylene glycol glycerol tri-ether No 

Polytetramethylene glycol ether Yes 

Propoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monopropyl ether) . . No 

Propylene glycol, alkoxylated No 

Propylene glycol t-butyl ether No 

Sorbitol, alkoxylated No 

Sorbitol, ethoxylated No 

Sorbitol monooleate No 

Sorbitol monostearate No 

Sorbitol, propoxylated No 

Tetraethylene glycol No 

Tetra/penta glycols, mixed No 

2,2'-Thiodiethanol (Thiodiglycol) No 

Triethylene glycol Yes 

Tripropylene glycol No 

Tripropylene glycol monomethyl ether No 

Trl- and tetraethylene glycol monoethyl ethers, 

borate esters No 

All other polyhydric alcohol ethers No 

Brominated, chlorinated and fluorinated hydrocarbons: 

Brominated (including bromochlorinated) hydrocarbons: Yes 

1-Bromobutane (n-Butyl bromide) No 

Bromochloromethane No 

Bromoethane (Ethyl bromide) No 

1-Bromohexadecane No 



EKX. 
EKX. 

EKX, CMC. 
UCC. 

CMC, UCC. 

DOW, CMC, UCC. 

DOW, OMC, UCC. 

ASL, PER, OMC. 

ICI, UCC. 

OMC. 

EKT, HTM. 

HCL. 

ABB, DOW, GAP, HCL, HDG, OMC, PPG, 

UCC, (2), (2). 
ICI. 

SHX, (2). 

CXI, HCL, UCC, (2). 
TNI. 
OMC. 

SHX. 

TX. 

UCC. 

DOW, GAP, HCL, HDG, OMC, PPG, {^) . 

(^). 

BAS, DUP, QKO. 

EKX. 

(^). 

HTM. 

(^). 

BRD, ICI, (2). 

WTC. 

WTC. 

ICI. 

DOW, EKX. 

CXI. 

AAC PLC 

CNE,' CXI, DOW, EKX, HCL, PDG, PLC, 

SHC, TX, UCC. 
DOW, UCC. 
OMC. 

OMC. 

AAC, DUP, MIL, OMC, UCC, (2). 



DAZ. 
DOW. 

DOW, GTL. 
HMY. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-29 



Section 15 

Table 46 — Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 

or estimated, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 47) 



Acyclic— Continued 

Brominated, chlorinated and fluorinated hydrocarbons— Cont. 
Brominated (including bromochlorlnated) 

hydrocarbons— Continued Yes 

1-Bromo-2-methyl-2-butene No 

1-Bromo-octadecane No 

1-Bromopentane (n-Amyl bromide) No 

1-Bromopropane (n-Propyl bromide) No 

2-Bromopropane (Isopropyl bromide) No 

Dibromomethane (Methylene bromide) No 

Ethylene bis tetrabrom No 

Myristyl bromide No 

1,1,2,2-Tetrabromoethane (Acetylene tetrabromide) No 

Vinyl bromide (Bromoethylene) No 

All other brominated (Including bromochlorlnated) 

hydrocarbons No 

Chlorinated (not otherwise halogenated) hydrocarbons: 

Carbon tetrachloride Yes 

Chlorinated paraffins (Cio-Cgo) : 

Chlorinated paraffins, 35-64% chlorine Yes 

Chlorinated paraffins, less than 35% chlorine No 

Chlorinated paraffins, 65% or more chlorine Yes 

1-Chlorobutane (n-Butyl chloride) No 

Chloroform Yes 

Chloromethane (Methyl chloride) Yes 

3-Chloro-2-methyl-1-propene (Methallyl chloride) ... No 

3-Chloropropene (Allyl chloride) No 

1 ,2-Dichloroethane (Ethylene dlchloride) Yes 

1 ,2-Dlohloropropane (Propylene dlchloride) No 

2,3-Diohloropropene No 

2,2-Dimethylchloropropane(neopentyl chloride) No 

Ethyl chloride (Chloroethane) Yes 

2-Ethylhexyl chloride No 

Methylene chloride (Dlchloromethane) Yes 

Neophyl chloride No 

Octyl chloride No 

Paraffin oils, chlorinated No 

Perchloroethylene (Tetrachloroethane) Yes 

1 ,1 ,1-Trichloroethane (Methyl chloroform) Yes 

1 ,1 ,2-Trichloroethane (Vinyl trichloride) No 

Trichloroethylene No 

Vinyl chloride, monomer (Chloroethylene) Yes 

Vinylidene chloride, monomer 

(1 ,1-Dlchloroethylene) No 

All other chlorinated (not otherwise halogenated) 

hydrocarbons No 

Fluorinated (Including other fluorohalogenated) 

hydrocarbons: Yes 

Bromochlorodifluoromethane No 

2-Bromo-1-chloro-1 ,2,2-trlfluoroethane No 

2-Bromo-2-chloro-1,1 ,1-trlfluoroethane (Halothane) No 

Bromotrifluoromethane No 

1-Chloro-1 ,1-dlfluoroethane (F-142b) No 

Chlorodlfluoromethane (F-22) Yes 

Chlorotrifluoroethylene (Trlfluorovinyl chloride) No 

2-Chloro-1 ,1 ,2-trlfluoroethyl methyl ether No 

Chlorotrlfluoromethane (F-13) No 



SD. 

HMY. 

WCC. 

DA2. 

WCC. 

DOW. 

TNA. 

WCC. 

DOW. 

TNA. 

COC, FER, HMY, TNA. 

DOW, FRO, HK, LCP, SFI. 

DVC, FER, HK. 

DVC, FER, SHC. 

DVC, FER, HK. 

ALW, UCC. 

DOW, FRO, HK, LCP. 

DCC, DOW, FRO, HK, LCP, SPD, VST. 

FMC. 

DOW, SHC. 

BCP, BFG, DOW, FOR, FRO, GGC, HK, 

CMC, PPG, SHC, VST. 
DOW. 

DOW, SHC. 
ALD. 

DOW, DUP, PPG, TNA. 
ALW. 

DOW, FRO, HK, LCP. 
TNA. 
TNA. 
BAS. 

DOW, FRO, HK, MIL, PPG. 
DOW, FRO, PPG. 
DOW. 

DOW, PPG. 
BCP, BFG, DOW, FOR, GGC, HK, PPG, 

VST. 

DOW, PPG. 
COC, (2), 



GTL, ICI. 

HOC. 

HOC. 

DUP, GTL. 

PAS. 

ACS, DUP, KAI, LRO, PAS, RON. 

ACS. 

OH. 

DUP. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-30 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 46— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 

or estimated, identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics'' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list In table 47) 



Acyclic— Continued 

Bromlnated, chlorinated, and fluorlnated hydrocarbons- 
Continued 

Fluorinated (Including other fluorohalogenated) 

hydrocarbons— Continued Yes 

Dibromodifluoromethane No 

DIchiorodifiuoromethane (F-12) Yes 

DIchlorotetrafiuoroethane (F-1 14) No 

1 , 1 -Difluoroethane No 

Hexafiuoropropylene, monomer No 

1 -lodoperfiuorohexane No 

Polytetrafiuoroethylene ethyl Iodide No 

Tetrafluoroethyiene, monomer (F-1 114) No 

Tetrafiuoromethane (F-14) No 

Trichiorofiuoromethane (F-1 1 ) Yes 

Trichiorotrlfluoroethane (F-1 13) No 

Trifiuoropropene No 

Vinyl fluoride, monomer No 

Vinylidene fluoride, monomer No 

All other fluorinated (including other 

fluorohalogenated) hydrocarbons No 

Other miscellaneous acyclic chemicals: 

lodinated (not otherwise halogenated) hydrocarbons: 

Dllodomethane (iVlethylene iodide) No 

lodobutane No 

lodoethane (Ethyl iodide) , non-medical No 

lodomethane (iViethyi iodide) No 

Isopropyl Iodide No 

All other lodinated (not otherwise halogenated) 

hydrocarbons No 

Acetylacetonates: 

Cobaltic acetyiaoetonate No 

Titanium acetylacetonate No 

All other acetylacetonates No 

Acetylacetonates complexes: 

Aluminum acetylacetonate complex No 

Iron acetylacetonate complex No 

Zinc acetylacetonate complex No 

Acyclic peroxides: Yes 

Acetylacetone peroxide No 

tert-Amyl hydroperoxide No 

2-Butanone peroxide (IVIEK peroxide) Yes 

n-Butyl-4,4-bis[t-butylperoxy]vaierate No 

tert-Butyl hydroperoxide No 

tert-Butyl peroxide (Di-tert-butyi peroxide) Yes 

tert-Butyl peroxyacetate No 

tert-Butyl peroxy-2-ethylhexanoate No 

tert-Butyi peroxyisobutyrate No 

tert-Butyi peroxyisopropylcarbonate No 

tert-Butylperoxymaleic acid No 

tert-Butyl peroxyneodecanoate No 

tert-Butyl peroxyplvalate Yes 

DecanoyI peroxide No 

Di (sec-butyl) peroxydicarbonate No 

DI-(2-ethylhexyl) peroxydicarbonate No 

Diisononanoyi peroxide No 

2,5-Dimethyi-2,5-di(tert-butylperoxy)hexane No 

2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di(tert-butylperoxy)hexyne-3 No 



DUP, KAI, LRO, PAS, RCN. 
DUP. 



ICi. 



DUP, KAI, LRO, PAS, RCN. 
DUP, PAS. 



GTL. 
ACS, 
ACS, 
DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 

P). 

DUP, 

DUP. 

ACS, 

ACS, 

HOC. 

DUP. 

PAS. 



COC, DUP, HOC, REG. 



DPW. 
RSA. 

DPW, RSA. 
DPW, RSA. 
DPW. 



COC, DPW, RSA. 

SHP. 
NOD. 
SHP. 



MCK. 
MCK. 
MCK. 

CAD. 
WTC. 
CAD, 
WTL. 
ATR, 
AZT, 
AZT. 
WTC, 
WTL. 
WTL. 
WTC, 
WTC, 
AZT, 
WTL. 
WTL. 
WTC, 
WTL. 
WTL. 
WTL. 



FRE, NOC, WTC, WTL. 



AZT, FRE, WTL. 
WTC, WTL. 



WTL. 



WTL. 
WTL. 
WTC, WTL. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-31 



Section 15 



Table 46— Continued 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 
or estimated, identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 47) 



Acyclic— Continued 

Other miscellaneous acyclic chemcials— Continued 
Acyclic peroxides— Continued 
2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-d1 (2-ethylhexanoyl peroxy) 

hexane No 

Di-n-propyl peroxydicarbonate No 

Ethyl 3,3-di(t-butyl peroxy) butyrate No 

LauroyI peroxide No 

Peroxyacetic acid (Peracetic acid) No 

Succinyl peroxide No 

Tertiary amyl per-2-ethylhexanoate No 

All other acyclic peroxides No 

Carbon disulfide No 

2,3-Dibromopropanol No 

1 ,3-Dichloro-2-propanol No 

Epoxides, ethers, and aoetals: 

Bis(2-chloroethyl)ether (Dichlorodlethyl ether) No 

Butylene oxide No 

Butyl vinyl ether No 

Chloromethyl methyl ether No 

2,2-Dichloro-1 ,1-difluoroethyl methyl ether No 

Diethoxyethane No 

Dimethyl sulfone No 

Epichlorohydrin No 

Ethylene oxide Yes 

Ethyl ether, absolute No 

Ethyl vinyl ether No 

Glycidol (2,3-Epoxy-1-propanol) No 

Glycldyl ethers: Yes 

Alkyl glycldyl ethers, C,2-C,4 No 

Alkyl glycldyl ethers, Ce-C,o No 

1-(Allyloxy)-2,3-epoxypropane (Allyl glycldyl ether) No 

1 ,4-Butanedial diglycidyl ether No 

1-Butoxy-2,3-epoxypropane (Butyl glycidyl ether) Yes 

2-Ethylhexyi glycidyl ether No 

Polyol glycidyl ether No 

All other glycidyl ethers No 

Isopropyl ether No 

Methylal (Dimethoxymethane) No 

IVlethyl ether (Dimethyl ether) No 

Methyl vinyl ether No 

Propylene oxide No 

1,1 ,3, 3-Tetramethoxy propane No 

All other epoxides, ethers, acetals No 

2-(Ethylmercapto)ethanol No 

Ethyl succinyl chloride No 

Fats and oils, chemically modified: Yes 

Chlorinated fatty materials No 

Hydrogenated menhaden fish oil No 

Hydrogenated tallow glycerides No 

Sulfurized corn oil No 

Vegetable glycerides, hydrogenated No 

All other fats and oils, chemically modified No 

Glutaraldehyde bis (sodium bisulfite) No 

Hexadecylsulfonyi chloride No 

Hydrocarbons: 

n-Decane No 

n-Dodecane No 



WTL. 

WTL. 

WTL. 

WTL. 

FMB, FMC, UCC. 

WTL. 

WTC. 

WTC. 

PAS. 

GTL. 

ARS. 

BKM. 

DOW. 

GAF. 

RH. 

OH. 

FER, WPG. 

CRZ. 

DOW, SHC. 

BAS, ONE, DOW, EKX, HCL, OMC, SHC, 

SUN, TX, UCC, USI, VST. 
EKX, USI. 
GAF. 
DIX. 

REZ, TRC, WLN. 

TRC, WLN. 

AAC, CPS. 

REZ, TRC, WLN. 

CPS, REZ, TRC, WLN. 

TRC, WLN. 

REZ, WLN. 

REZ, WLN. 

ENJ, SHC. 

HCL. 

AlP. 

GAF, UCC. 

ATR, DOW. 

NOD, UCC. 

UCC. 

DOM. 

OWN. 

FER. 

CHL, WTC. 

CHL, WTC. 

SM. 

BRD, WTC. 

CAS, CHL, CJO. 

FMT. 

EKT. 

HMY, PLC. 
HMY, PLC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-32 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 46— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 
or estimated, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 47) 



Acyclic— Continued 



Other miscellaneous acyclic chemicals- Continued 
Hydrocarbons— Continued 

Hexadecane No 

Myrcene No 

n-Nonane No 

n-Octadecane No 

n-Ootane No 

n-Tetradecane No 

All other hydrocarbons No 

2-Mercaptoethanoi No 

Merox disulfide No 

Methyl sulfide (Dimethyl sulfide) No 

Methyl sulfoxide (Dimethyl sulfoxide) No 

Octadecanoic acid, 2-(1-carboxyehtoxy)-1-methyl-2- 

oxoethyi ether, sodium salt No 

Organo-aiuminum compounds: Yes 

Aluminum diisopropoxide acetoacetic ester chelate . . No 
Aluminum ethyl-3-oxobutanoato-O' .O^-dihydroxy 

T-4 No 

Aluminum isooctoxide, diisopropoxide No 

Aluminum isopropoxide (Aluminum isopropyiate) .... No 

Aluminum tri-sec-butoxide No 

DIethylaiuminum chloride No 

DIethylaiuminum dimethylethyi siloxide No 

Diethyl aluminum ethoxide No 

DIethylaiuminum Iodide No 

Dllsobutyialuminum chloride No 

Dlisobutyialuminum hydride No 

Di-n-octylaluminum iodide No 

Dl-n-propylaiuminum chloride No 

Ethyialuminum dichloride No 

Ethyialuminum sesquichloride No 

Isobutyiaiuminum chloride No 

Isopropenylaiuminum No 

Oxoaluminum Isopropoxide No 

Oxoaluminum stearate No 

Oxy-aiuminum ootanoate No 

Sodium dihydrobls (2-methoxyethoxy ) aluminum 

hydride No 

TrI-n-butylaluminum No 

Triethyialuminum No 

Tri-n-hexyi aluminum No 

Trilsobutyialuminum No 

Trimethyialuminum No 

TrI-n-octylaluminum No 

Tri-oxyaluminum tri-lsopropoxide No 

All other organo-aiuminum compounds No 

Organo-boron compounds: Yes 

Boric acld-amine adducts No 

Boron trichloride-amlne complex (DY 9577) No 

N-Methyi-methanamine with borane (1:1) No 

2-Methyl-2-propanamine with borane(1;1) No 

Mixed alcohol borates No 

Triethylborane No 

Triethyi borate No 

Triethyiboron No 

Trimethoxyboroxine No 

N,N,N-Trimethyi methanaminlum 

octahydrotriborate No 

All other organo-boron compounds No 



HMY. 

SCM, m. 

HMY. 

HMY. 

HMY, PLC. 

HMY. 

DUP, HMY, PLC, WTK. 

AAC, PLC. 

LYP. 

GAY, PAS. 

GAY. 

WTC. 

CHT, KCH. 

CHT, KCH. 
KCH. 

CHT, KCH. 
CHT. 

TNA, TSA. 
(=). 
TSA. 

TNA, TSA. 
TNA, TSA. 
TNA, TSA. 
TSA. 
TSA. 

TNA, TSA. 
TNA, TSA. 
TNA, TSA. 
TSA. 
KCH. 
KCH. 
CHT, KCH. 

HXL. 

TNA, TSA. 

TNA, TSA. 

TNA, TSA. 

TNA. TSA. 

TNA. 

TNA, TSA. 

CHT 

KCH, MCB, MRF, TNA. 

PER. 
ASL. 
{'). 

(=). 
ADC. 
TSA. 
(^). 

P). 

HCL, MCK, MHI, (=) . 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-33 



Section 15 

Table 46— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 

or estimated, Identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 47) 



Acyclic— Continued 

Other miscellaneous acyclic chemicals— Continued 

Organo-lithium compounds: 

n-Butyllithlum No 

sec-Butyllithlum No 

Lithium hydroxystearate No 

Organo-magnesium compounds: 

Butyl ethyl magnesium No 

Di-n-butylmagnesium No 

Di-n-hexyl magnesium No 

Magnesium methylate No 

All other organo-magnesium compounds No 

Organo-silicon compounds: 

N-Aminoethylaminopropyl trimethoxysilane No 

a-Chloropropyltrichlorosilane No 

Chloropropyltrimethoxysilane Yes 

Chlorotrlmethylsilane No 

Dichlorodimethylsilane No 

Dichloromethylsilane No 

Dichloromethylvinylsllane No 

Diisobutyl dimethoxychloro silane No 

Divinyl tetramethyldisiloxane No 

a-Glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane No 

Hexamethyldisilazane No 

Isobutyltrlmethoxysllane No 

Mercaptopropyitrimethoxysilane No 

Q!-Methacryloxypropyltrlmethoxysilane No 

IVlethyltrimethoxysilane and polymethyltrisiloxane No 

N-Octyltriethoxy silane No 

Polyoxyalkene silicones No 

Silicone fluids Yes 

Trichloromethylsiiane No 

Trichloropropylsllane No 

Trichlorovinylsilane No 

(Trimethoxysilyl propyl) didecyl methylammonium 

chloride No 

Trimethylsilyldiazo-methane No 

Tris(2-methoxyethoxy)vinyl silane No 

Tris (pentamethyldisiioxanyl) -3-methacrylatopropyl- 

silane No 

VInyltriethoxysilane No 

Vinyl trimethoxy silane No 

All other organo-silicone compounds No 

Organo-tin compounds: Yes 

Dibutyltin bis(isooctylmercaptoacetate) No 

Dibutyltin bls(mercaptolaurate) No 

Dibutyl tin diacetate No 

Dibutyltin dichloride No 

Dibutyl tin dilaurate No 

Dibutyltin oxide No 

Dimethyltln dichloride No 

Dimethyltin-IOTG No 

Dioctyl tin dilaurate No 

Monomethyl tin No 

Organotin mercaptides No 

Tributyltin fluoride No 

All other organo-tin compounds No 



FTE. 
FTE. 
WTC. 

TSA. 
ISA. 
TSA. 
SOI. 
P). 

NOD. 

DCC. 

DCC, NOD, UCC. 

DCC. 

DCC. 

DCC. 

DCC. 

NOD. 

NOD. 

NOD, UCC. 

NOD, SCM. 

NOD. 

NOD, UCC. 

NOD, UCC. 

DCC, UCC. 

SCM. 

UCC. 

DCC, SPD, SWS, UCC. 

DCC. 

DCC. 

UCC. 

NOD. 
NOD. 
NOD. 

P). 

NOD, UCC. 

NOD. 

ARO, BRl, DUP, GGI, NOD, UCC, {") 

WTC, (2). 

n. 

COS. 

WTC, (2). 

COS. 

WTC, (2). 

WTC. 

WTC. 

COS. 

WTC. 

CCW. 

n. 

SCM, (2), (2). 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-34 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table 4S— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported 

or estimated, identified by manufacturer, 1988 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics^ 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list In table 47) 



Acyclic— Continued 

Other miscellaneous acyclic chemicals— Continued 
Organo-zinc compounds: 

Diethylzinc No 

Perchloromethanethlol (Perchloromethyl mercaptan) No 

PerfluoroalkyI polyether No 

Phosgene (Carbonyl chloride) Yes 

Pine oil, synthetic No 

Polyhexafluoropropylene oxide No 

Polymethacryllc acid esters No 

Potassium 2-methyl-2-butanol No 

Potassium 2-methyl-2-propanol No 

Sodium methoxide (Sodium methylate) No 

Thioethanoi, sodium salt No 

Trifluoroethanol No 

All other miscellaneous acyllc chemicals No 



Mixtures not specifically Itemized: Yes 

Alcohols, monohydric, and their esters, Cg and higher ... No 

Butyl formcel No 

Celtone No 

Fatty acid residues Yes 

Gluconic acid and salts, mixed No 

Glycol residues No 

iVIethacrylate based cationic polyelectrolytes No 

iVlethyl formcel No 

IVIorphollne residue stream No 

Oxidate light ends No 

Oxo process bottoms No 

Propionic blends No 

All other mixtures not specifically itemized No 



TSA. 
ICI. 

P). 

DUP, ICI, MOB, OMC, PPG. 

NCI. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

(2). 

(2). 

HK. 

BAS. 

HOC. 

ASL, CGY, COC, EK, GAP, GPI, HMP, 
HPC, MCK, NOD, PAH, PiC, RSA, SHX, 
TCC, TNA, TSA, USR, P), n, n, {"]. 

EKX. 
HCL. 
HCL. 

DRL, SHX, SYP, WTC. 
PMP. 
OMC. 
COS. 

HCL, NOD. 
TX. 
HCF. 
CXI. 
HCL. 

BAS, CGY, CXI, DUP, EKT, HCL, JSC, 
MON, NES, UCC, WAY. 



' Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported In this section are indicated by 'Yes.' Chemicals for which 

data are accepted In confidence and may not be published are Indicated by 'No.' 

2 The manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



15-35 



Section 15 



Table 47 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1988 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



AAC Alcolac, Inc. 

ABB Abbott Laboratories 

ACS Allied Signal Inc., Engineered iVIaterial 

Sector 

ACY American Cyanamid Co. 

ADC Anderson Development Co. 

AlP Air Products & Chemicals, Inc. 

ALD Aidrich Chemical Co., inc. 

ALI Anzon, inc. 

ALW Albright & Wilson, Inc. 

AMB American Bio-Synthetics Corp. 

AMO Amoco Corp. 

ANG Angus Chemical Co. 

ARC Akzo Chemie America, Armak 

Chemicals 

ARO Arnco 

ARS Arsynco, Inc. 

ART Aristech Chemical Corp. , Chemical Div. 

ARZ Arizona Chemical Co. 

ASH Ashland Oil, Inc. 

ASL Speciaitychem Products Corp. 

ATL Atlantic Industries, Inc. 

ATR Atlantic Richfield Co. , Arco Chemical 

Co. 

AZT Catalyst Resources, Inc. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BCC Buffalo Color Corp. 

BFG B. F. Goodrich Co. , B.F. Goodrich 

Chemical Group 

BKC J. T. Baker Chemical Co. 

BKM Buckman Laboratories, Inc. 

BOC Biocraft Laboratories, inc. 

BOR Borden inc., Borden Chemical Div. 

BRD Lonza, inc. 

BRI Sedgefied Specialities 

BTL BTL Specialty Resin Corp. 

BUG Synalloy Corp. , Blackman Uhler 

Chemical Div. 

CAD Akzo Chemie America, Noury Chemicals 

CAS Caschem, Inc. 

CBD Chembond Corp. 

CCA Akzo Chemicals, Inc 

CCC C.N.C. International Inc. 

COW Morton-Thiokol, Inc., Carstab Div. 

CGY Ciba-Geigy Corp. 

CHG Mobay Chemical Corp., Agricultural 

Chemicals Div. 

CHL Chemol, inc. 

CHP C . H . Patrick & Co . , inc . 

CHT Chattem, Inc. 

CIN Stockhausen, Inc. 

CJO C. J. Osborn, Div. of Suvar Corp. 

CMB Cambridge Industries Co. 

CNE Cain Chemical, inc. 

CNP DSM Chemicals Augusta, Inc. 

COG Columbia Organic Chemicals Co., Inc. 



COS Cosan Chemical Corp. 

GPS CPS Chemical Go. , Inc. 

CRZ James River Corp. 

CWN Upjohn Co. , Fine Chemicals 

CXI Chemical Exchange Industries, Inc. 

CYR CYRO Industries 

DAN Dan River inc.. Chemical Products Div. 

DAZ Diaz Chemical Corp. 

DCC Dow Corning Corp. 

DIX Dixie Chemical Co. , Inc. 

DKA Mobay Synthetics Corporation 

DOM Dominion Products, Inc. 

DOW Dow Chemical Go. 

DPW Deepwater, Inc. 

DRC Dock Resins Corp. 

DRL Unichema Chemicals, Inc. 

DUP E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. 

AF/FP Dept. 

Chemicals & Pigments Dept. 

Petrochemicals Dept. 

Polymer Products Dept. 
DVC Dover Chemical Corp. Sub. of IGG 

Industries, Inc. 

EFH E. F. Houghton & Go. 

EHC Ethichem Corp. 

EK Eastman Kodak Go. : 

EKT Tennessee Eastman Go. Div. 

EKX Texas Eastman Go. Div. 

ELG Elco Corp. Sub. of Detrex Chemical 

Industries, Inc. 
EMR Quantum Chemical Corp., Emery 

Division 

ENJ Exxon Chemical Americas 

ESA East Shore Chemical Co. 

EVN W. R. Grace & Co., Organic Chemicals 

Div., Evans Chemetics 
FER Ferro Corp.: 

Ferro Chemical Div. 

Grant Chemical Div. 

Keil Chemical Div. 

FMB FMC Corp. , Peroxygen Chemicals Div. 

FMC FMC Corp. 

FMN FMC Corp. , Agricultural Chemical 

Group 

FMT Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc. 

FOG Handschy Industries, Inc., Farac 

Varnishes Chemicals 

FOR Formosa Plastics Corporation Louisiana 

FRE Freeman Chemical Corp. 

FRO Vulcan Materials Co., Chemicals Div. 

FTE Foote Mineral Co. 

FTX Finetex, inc. 

GAF GAF Corp., Chemical Group 

GAY Gaylord Container 

GE General Electric Go. 

GFS G. Frederick Smith Chemical Co. 



See footnotes at the end of table. 



15-36 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table 47— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals; Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1988 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



GGC Georgia-Gulf Corp. : 

Plaquemine DIv. 

GGI Grow Group, Inc. 

GIV Glvaudan Corp. 

GON W.R. Grace & Co., Organic Chemicals 

DIv. NItroparafflns 
GP Georgia-Pacific Corp. , Resins 

Operations 

GPI Grindsted Products, Inc. 

GTL Great Lakes Chemical Corp. 

HAL C. P. Hall Co. 

HCC Hatco Chemical Corp. 

HCF Cape Industries 

HCL Hoechst Celanese Corp: 

Chemical Group Inc. 

Fine Chemicals Division 

Sou-Tex Works 

HCP Honig Chemical & Processing Corp. 

HDG Hodag Chemical Corp. " 

HFT Syntex Agribusiness, Inc.. , Nutrition & 

Chemical DIv. 
HK Occldential Chemical Corp. , & 

Specialty Chemical DIv. 

HML Hummel Chemical Co. 

HMP W. R. Grace & Co. , Hampshire 

Chemicals DIv. 

HMY Humphrey Chemical Co. 

HOC Halocarbon Products Corp. 

HPC Hercules, Inc. 

HRT Hart Products Corp. 

HTM Haltermann Ltd. Co. 

HXL Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Chemical 

Products 
ICI ICI Americas, Inc. : 

Agricultural Chemical DIv. 

Chemicals DIv. 

Rubicon Inc. 
IMC IMC Pitman-Moore Industrial Chemicals 

DIv. 

JRC Jarchem Industries, Inc. 

JSC Sybron Chemicals, Inc. 

KCH Joseph Ayers, Inc. 

KLM Kalama Chemical, Inc. 

KMI Kemin Industries, Inc. 

LCP LCP Chemicals - West Virginia, Inc. 

LEM Napp Chemicals, Inc. 

LIL Ell Lilly & Co. 

LRO Laroche Chemicals, Inc. 

LYP Lyondell Petrochemical Co. 

MAL Malllnckrodt, Inc. 

MCB Borg-Warner Corp. , Borg-Warner 

Chemicals 

MCI Mooney Chemicals, Inc. 

MCK MacKenzle Chemical Works, Inc. 

MHI Morton-Thiokol, Inc. , Ventron Div. 

MIL Milllken & Co. , Miliiken Chemical Div. 



MLS Miles Laboratories, Inc., Biotechnology 

Group 

MNA Monsanto Agricultural Co. 

MOB Mobay Chemical Corp., Pittsburgh DIv. 

MON Monsanto Co. 

MRF Morflex Corp. 

MRK Merck & Co. , Inc. 

NCC NIacet Corp. 

NCI Union Camp Corp. , Terpene & 

Aromatlcs DIv. 

NCI Union Camp Corp. , Chemical Products 

DIv. 

NES Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co. 

NOC Norac Co., Inc. Mathe Div. 

NOD Huls America Inc. 

OH Anaquest 

CMC Olin Corp. 

ORT Roehr Chemicals, Inc., Div. of Aceto 

Corp. 

PAC Pacific Anchor Chemical Corp. 

PAH Parish Chemical Co. 

PAS Pennwalt Corp. 

PCI Piedmont Chemical Industries, Inc. 

PD Parke-Davis, Div. of Warner-Lambert 

Co. 

PDG P.D. Glycol 

PEL Pelron Corp. 

PFN Pfanstlehl Laboratories, Inc. 

PFZ Pfizer, Inc. and Pfizer Pharmaceuticals, 

Inc. 

PG Procter & Gamble Co. , Procter & 

Gamble Mfg. Co. 

PIC Pierce Chemical Co. 

PLC Phiiiips 66 Co. 

PLS Plastics Engineering Co. 

PMP PMP Fermentation Products, Inc. 

PPG PPG Industries, Inc. 

PSG PMC Specialities Group, Inc. 

PST Perstorp Polyols, Inc. 

OOP Quaker Chemical Corp. 

QKO GO Chemicals, Inc. 

RCI Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 

RCN Racon, Inc. 

RDA Rhone-Poulenc, Inc. 

REG Regis Chemical Co. 

REM Remington Arms Co., Inc. 

REZ Hl-Tek Polymers, Inc. 

RH Rohm & Haas Co. 

RPC Colloids, Inc. 

RSA R.S.A. Corp. 

S Sandoz, Inc. 

SBC Scher Chemicals, Inc. 

SC Sterling Chemicals, Inc. 

SCM SCM Glidco Organic 

SCM SCM Corp. , PCR, Inc. 

SCN Schenectady Chemicals, Inc. 

SCP Henkel Corp. 



See footnotes at the end of table. 



15-37 



Section 15 

Table 47— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1988 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



SD Sterling Drug, Inc. : 

Sterling Pharmaceuticals, inc. 

SDC Sandoz Chemicals Corp. 

SDW Sterling Drug, inc. Sterling Organics 

Div. 

SHC Shell Oil Co. , Shell Chemical Co. Div. 

SHP Shepherd Chemical Co. 

SHX Sherex Chemical Co. , Inc. 

SK SmithKiine Chemical 

SiVI Mobil ON Corp.: 

Chemical Products Div. 

SOH BP Chemicals America 

SOI Speciality Organics, inc. 

SOM Southland Corp. 

SPD General Electric Co., Silicone 

Products Dept. 

SQA Sequa Chemicals, inc. 

SUN Sun Co., Inc. 

SWS Wacl<er Silicones 

SYL Arizona Chemical Co. 

SYP Synthetic Products Co., Division of 

Plastic 

Specialties & Technology, Inc. 

TCC Sybron Chemicals, inc. 

TCH Quantum Chemical Corp. 

TLC Twin Lai<e Chemical, Inc. 

TLI Teiedyne industries. Inc. , 

Teiedyne IVIcCormlck Selph 

TiVIH Macros Chemicals, inc. 

TNA Ethyl Corp. 

TNI Gillette Co. , Chemical Div. 

TRC Trimont Chemicals, inc. 



TRO Troy Chemical Corp. 

TSA Texas Ailcyls, inc. 

TU Tenn-USS Chemicals Co. 

TX Texaco, Inc. , Texaco Chemical Co. 

TZC Magnesium Eiektron, Inc. 

UCC Union Carbide Corp. 

UPM UOP. inc. 

USB U. S. Borax & Chemical Corp., U.S. 

Borax Research Corp. 

USI Quantum Chemical Corp. , USI Div. 

USR Unlroyai, inc., Unlroyai Chemical Div. 

UTC Unltex Chemical Corp. 

VCM Vanchem, Inc. 

VDM Van De Mark Chemical Co. , inc. 

VEL Veisicoi Chemical Corp. 

VIK Viking Chemical Co. 

VNC Vanderbiit Chemical Corp. 

VND Van Dyk, Div. of Maiiinckrodt, inc. 

VST Vista Chemical Co. 

WAY Oiin Hunt Specialty Products, Inc. 

WCC White Chemical Corp. 

WCL Wright Chemical Corp. 

WLN Wilmington Chemical Corp. 

WM inolex Chemical Co. 

WPG West Point-Pepperell, inc. , Grifftex 

Chemical Co. Sub. 

WTC Witco Chemical Corp. 

WTH Union Camp Corp. 

WTK Whittaker Corp. , Heico Chemicals Div. 

WTL Pennwait Corp., Lucidoi Div. 

WVA Westvaco Corp. , 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. international Trade Commission. 



15-38 



APPENDIX A 
DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 



Appendix A 

Table A-1 

Synthetic organic chemicais alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1988 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1988 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in each of 
the 15 individual sections of this report) 

Identi- 
fication Telephone 
Code Name of company number Office address 



AEP 
ABB 

ILI 

ACO 
AlP 

AJY 

AJI 

CCA 

ARC 

CAD 

FRP 
ALW 
ALC 
AAC 

ALD 

ALE 

ACH 
ALG 
ALL 

BME 

ACS 



ACS 

ALX 

APH 

ALP 
HES 

AiVlB 

ACY 

AlVIU 

API 

ASY 

SPO 

HVG 

AMO 

AMV 

OH 

ADC 
ANG 



A & E Plastic Inc 818-968-3801 

Abbott Laboratories 312-937-3452 

Acme Steel Company 312-849-2500 

Adco Chemical Co 201-589-0880 

Air Products & Chemicals, Inc 215-481-4911 

A]ay Chemicals, Inc 404-943-6202 

AJInomoto U.S.A., Inc 201-488-1212 

Akzo Chemical, Inc 201-247-2202 

Akzo Chemical inc., Armak Chemicals 312-906-7500 

Akzo Chemie America, Noury Chemicals .. 716-778-8554 

Akzo Coating Inc 912-367-3616 

Albright & Wilson, Americas inc 804-752-6100 

AIco Chemical Corp 615-629-1405 

Alcolac, Inc 301-859-4900 

Aldrich Chemical Co. , Inc 414-273-3850 

Alex Chemical Co 717-462-3500 

Ailco Chemical Corp 316-783-1321 

Allegheny Chemical Corp 814-772-3965 

Alliance Chemical, Inc 201-945-5400 

Allied Signal-Bendix, Friction 518-270-0200 

Materials DIv. 

Allied Signal Inc 201-455-4312 

Engineered Plastic DIv. 

Allied-Signal, Inc 504-775-4330 

High Density Polyethylene Business 

Engineered Materials Sector 201-455-4911 

Alox Corp 716-282-1295 

Alpha Corporation of Tennessee 901-853-2450 

Alpha Laboratories, Inc 303-756-1338 

Amerada Hess Corp. (Hess Oil Virgin 201-750-6000 

American Bio-Synthetics Corp 414-384-7017 

American Cyanamid Co 201-831-2768 

American Emulsions, Inc 404-226-7028 

American Polymers, Inc 617-987-0144 

American Synthetic Rubber Corp 502-449-8300 

Ameripol Synpol Co. DIv. of 216-762-4442 

Uniroyal Goodrich Tire Co 

Ametek, Inc. , Haveg DIv 302-995-0400 

Amoco Corporation 312-856-61 1 1 

Amvac Chemical Corp 213-264-3910 

Anaquest 608-273-0019 

Anderson Development Co 517-263-2121 

Angus Chemical Co 312-498-6700 



14505 Proctor Ave. Industry, CA 91749. 
1401 Sheridan Rd., N. Chicago, 

IL 60064. 
13500 S. Perry Avenue Riverdale, 

IL. 60627. 
129 Rutherford St., Newark, NJ 07105. 
7201 Hamilton Blvd, Allentown, 

PA 18195-1501. 
1400 Industry Rd., Powder Springs, 

GA 30073. 
4020 Ajinomoto Dr., Raleigh, NO 27610. 
500 Jersey Ave, New Brunswick, NJ 08903 
300 S. Riverside, Piaza Chicago, 

IL 60606. 
2153 Lockport-Olcott Rd., Burt, 

NY 14028 
P.O. Box 3219 Baxley Georgia 31513. 
P. O. Box 26229, Richmond, VA 23260. 
P.O. Box 5401, Chattanooga, TN 37406. 
1099 Winterson Rd., Baltimore, 

MD 21226. 
940 W. St. Paul Ave., Milwaukee, 

Wl 53233. 
119 N. Union St., Shenandoah, 

PA 17976. 
P.O. Box 247, Galena, KS 66739. 
Glllis Ave., RIdgway, PA 15853. 
Linden Ave., Ridgefield, NJ 07657. 
P. O. Box 238 Troy, NY 12180. 



Columbia Rd.& Park Ave. 
NJ 07960. 



Morristown, 



12875 Scenic Hwy, Baton Rouge, 

LA 70892-3006. 
P.O. Box 1051 R, Morristown, NJ 07054 
3943 Buffalo Ave., Niagara Falls, 

NY 14303. 
423 Highway 57 East, Colllerville, 
TN 38017. 
P. O. Box 22223, Denver, CO 80222. 
1 Hess Plaza, Woodbridge, 

NJ 07095-0961. 
710 W. National Ave., Milwaukee, 
Wl 53204. 

One Cyanamid Plaza, Wayne, NJ 07470. 
1202 DozlerSt., Dalton, GA 30721. 
Old Webster Rd., Oxford, MA 01540. 
P. O. Box 32960, Louisville, KY 40232. 
146 South High St. Akron, 

OH 44308-1493. 
900 Greenbank Rd., Wilmington, 

DE 19808. 
P. O. Box 87703 Mail Code 1201, 

Chicago, IL 60680-0703. 
4100 E. Washington Blvd., Los Angeles, 

CA 90023. 
2005 W. Beltllne Hwy., Madison, 

Wl 53713. 
1415 E. Michigan St., Adrian, Ml 49221. 
2211 Sanders Rd., Northbrook, IL 60062. 



A-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals aiphabeticai directory of manufacturers, by company, 1988 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 

S commission for 1988 are listed below alphabetically, together with their Identification codes as used in each of 

the 15 Individual sections of this report) ^ 

IdentI- _ , , 

fication Telephone 

Code Name of company number Office address 

Ai I An7on Inc 215-427-3000 2545 Aramlngo Ave. , Philadelphia, 

ALI Anzon, inc p^ ^^^^5. 

APX Apex Chemical Co 201-354-5420 200 S. First St. , Elizabeth, 

NJ 
APC Apollo Chemical Corp 91 9-226-1 161 1 1 05 Southerland St . , Graham , 

NC 27253. 
APO Apollo Colors, Inc 312-564-9190 3000 Dundee Suite 415, Northbrook, 

IL 60062. 

AOll Aaualon Co 302-996-2030 2711 Centerville Rd., Wilmington, 

AQU Aquaionoo DE 19850-5417. 

ARD Ardmore Inc 201-481-2406 29 Riverside Ave. , Newark, NJ 07104. 

ART Aristech Chemical Corp.: 

Chemical DIv 412-433-2747 600 Grant St. , Pittsburgh, 

PA 15230-0250. 

ARN Arenol Chemical Corp 201-526-5900 189 Melster Ave. , Somervllle, NJ 08876 

ARZ Arizona Chemical Co 904-785-6700 1001 E. Business Hwy, 98, Panama City, 

FL 32401 , and P.O. Box 947 Port St. 
Joe, FL. 32456. 

ALS Armco, Inc. , Eastern Steel DIv 513-425-2744 703 Curtis St. , MIddietown, OH 45043. 

ARP Armour Pharmaceutical Co 815-932-6771 P. O. Box 511 , Kankakee, IL 60901 . 

ARK Armstrong World Industries, Inc 717-397-061 1 3331 Liberty Street, Lancaster, 

PA 17604. 
ARO ARNCO 714-739-7900 One Centerpolnte Dr. , LaPalma, 

CA 90623-1094. 

ARL Arol Chemical Products Co 201-344-1510 649 Ferry St. , Newark, NJ 07105. 

ARS Arsvnco Inc., Sub DIv. of Aceto Corp .... 718-898-2300 126-02 Northern Blvd., Flushing, 

NY 11368. 

ASH Ashland Oil Inc 614-889-3333 P. O. Box 2219, Columbus, OH 43216. 

Ashland Petroleum Co 606-329-3333 P. O. Box 391 , Ashland, KY 41114. 

BLA Aster Products, Inc., Blue Arrow Div 904-783-5000 5244 Edgewood Ct., Jacksonville, 

FL 32205. 

ATL Atlantic Industries, Inc 201-235-1800 10 Kingsland Rd., Nutley, NJ 07110. 

ATR Atlantic Richfield Co. , Arco 215-359-2000 3801 Westchester Pike. Newtown Square, 

Chemical Co PA 19073. 

APD Atlas Powder Co., sub. of Tyler Corp 214-387-2400 P. O. Box 87, Joplin, MO 64802. 

ARI Atlas Refinery, Inc 201-589-2002 142 Lockwood St. , Newark, NJ 07105. 

RSN Atochem Inc. Polymers DIv 201-447-3300 266 Harrlstown Rd. Glen Rock, 

N.J. 07452. 

AUX Auralux Corp 203-886-2616 29 Scott Ave. , Norwich, CT 06360. 

AUS Ausimont N V 617-736-1400 128 Technology Drive, Waitham, 

MA 02254. 
SOH BP Chemical Inc 216-586-4141 200 Public Square 31-4105-N Cleveland, 

OH 44114 - 2375. 

BP America: 
SIF Fllon DIv 213-757-5141 12333 South Van Ness Ave., Hawthorne, 

CA 90250. 

SIC Sllmar DIv 213-757-1801 12333 South Van Ness Ave. , Hawthorne, 

CO CA 90250. 

SIO BP Oil Company 419-226-2300 1150 South Metcalf Street, Lima, 

OH 45804. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

Chemicals DIv 201-316-2937 100 Cherry Hill Rd. , Parsippany, 

NJ 07054. 

ICF Coating & Colorants 201-365-3400 1255 Broad St. , Clifton, NJ 07015. 

BTL BTL Speciality Resin Corp 419-244-5856 2112 Sylvon Ave. , Toledo, Oh. 43606. 

BKC J T Baker Chemical Co 201-859-2151 222 Red School Lane, Phillipsburg, 

NJ 08865. 



A-3 



Appendix A 



Table A-1 — Continued 

Synthetic organic cliemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1988 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1988 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used In each of 
the 15 Individual sections of this report) 

Identi- 
fication 
Code Name of company 



Teiephone 
number 



Office address 



KPT Beazer Materials & Services, Inc 412-227-2000 

BCK Beckman Instruments, Inc 619-993-8740 

Diagnostic Systems Group 

BIB Spinco Div 714-871-4848 

Beecham, Inc.: 

BEE Beecham Laboratories. Div 201-469-5200 

BEW Beecham Western Hemisphere, Inc 201-881-3000 

BCM Belding Chemical Industries 212-944-6040 

BLZ Belzak Corp 201-773-0602 

BTS Bethlehem Steel Corp 215-694-4522 

BOC Blocraft Laboratories, Inc 201-796-3434 

BNP Bison Nitrogen Products Co 712-277-1340 

BOB Boehme Filatex, Inc 919-342-1051 

BOT Boots Co. (USA) Inc 312-405-7400 

BOR Borden, Inc.: 

Borden Chemical Div 614-225-4000 

MCB Borg-Warner Corp., Borg-Warner 304-424-5411 

Chemicals 

BFP Breddo Inc 913-321-5300 

BMC Brin-Mont Chemicals, inc 919-292-0566 

BRS Bristol-Myers Co 212-546-4000 

BRU M. A. Bruder & Sons, Inc 215-353-5100 

BKM Buckman Laboratories, Inc 901-278-0330 

BCC Buffalo Color Corp 716-827-4500 

BRR Burris Chemical, Inc. , Color Div 803-277-8977 

BUR Burroughs Wellcome Co 919-248-3000 

CFI CF Industries, Inc 312-438-9500 

CLU CL Industries, Inc 217-662-2136 

CCC C.N.C. International, Ino 401-769-6100 

CPC International, Inc.: 

ACR Acme Resin Corp 312-343-1900 

CPS CPS Chemical Co., Inc 201-727-3100 

CYR CYRO Industries 201-930-2000 

CNE Cain Chemical, Inc 713-623-2246 

GRL Calgon Corp. , Calgon Vestal 314-862-2000 

Laboratories Div. 

CMB Cambridge Industries Co 617-924-0026 

HCF Cape Industries 919-341-5500 

SVC Capital City Products Co 608-752-9007 

CBC Carbose Corp 81 4-443-1 61 1 

CGL Carglll, Inc 612-475-7646 

CDT Carondelet Coke Corp 314-638-2400 

CHC Carpenter Chemical Co 804-359-0800 

BSC Cascade Resins, Inc 503-343-21 1 1 

CAS Caschem, Inc 201-858-7900 



Koppers BIdg. 436 7th Ave., Pittsburgh 

Pa. 15219. 
2470 Faraday Ave. Carlsbad, CA 92008. 

1050 Page Mill Rd., Palo Alto, CA 94304. 

101 Possumtown Rd., Piscataway, 

NJ 08854. 
3 Garret Mountain Plaza, West Paterson, 

NJ 07424. 
P.O. Box 130 Hendersonville , NC 28793 
850 Bloomfleld Ave., Clifton, NJ 07012. 
866 Martin Tower - 8th Fl., Bethlehem, 

PA 18016. 
12 Industrial Park, Waldwick, NJ 07463. 
Terra Centre, 600 4th St., Sioux City, 

lA 51101. 
Rt. 11 Box 5 Reidsvllle, N.C. 27320. 
300 Tristate Int'l Ctr. Suite 200 

Lincolnshire, IL 60015. 

180 E. Broad St., Columbus. OH 43215. 
International Center, Parkersburg, 
WV 26101. 
18th & Kansas Ave., Kansas City, 

KS 66105. 
3921 Spring Garden St., Greensboro, 

NC 27407. 
345 Park Ave., New York, NY 10154. 
52nd & Grays Ave., Philadelphia, 
PA 19143. 
1256 N. McLean Blvd., Memphis, 
TN 38122. 
P.O. Box 7027., Buffalo, NY 14210. 
175 Eschelon Rd., Greenville, SC 29605. 
3030 Cornwallis Rd., Research Triangle 

Park, NC 27709. 
Salem Lake Dr., Long Grove, IL 60047. 
P. O. Box 218 Georgetown, IL 61846. 
20 Priviledge St., Woonsocket, Rl 02895. 

10330 W. Roosevelt Rd. Westchester, 

IL 60153. 
P. O. Box 162, Old Bridge, NJ 08857. 
100 Valley Rd., Mr. Arlington, NJ 07856. 
5 Greenway Plaza, Houston, TX 77046. 
5035 Manchester Ave., St. Louis, 

MO 63110. 
440 Arsenal St., Watertown, MA 02172. 
P. O. Box 327 Wilmington, NC 28402. 
1530 S. Jackson St., Janesville, 

Wl 53545. 
100 Maple St., Somerset, PA 15501. 
P. O. Box 5630, Minneapolis, MN 55428. 
526 E. Catalan Street St. Louis, 

MO. 63111. 
P. O. Box 27205, Richmond, VA 23261. 
P. O. Box 1989. Eugene, OR 97440. 
40 Avenue A, Bayonne, NJ 07002. 



A-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1988 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1988 are listed below alphabetically, together with their Identification codes as used In each of 
the 15 individual sections of this report) 

Identi- 
fication Telephone 
Code Name of company number Office address 



AZT 
CCL 



CED 
CED 



CNT 
CPR 
GRS 

CHH 
CHT 

CBD 

CFX 

CXI 

CMT 

CHL 

CRT 
SOC 

CMC 
CGY 

FJI 
CGO 

CGU 

ACT 
CSP 

CP 

RPC 

CLD 

CIC 

CCS 

CRS 

CNC 
COC 
CAC 

CMP 
CNI 
CON 
CO 

OTL 
CTP 

CPV 



Catalyst Resources, Inc 713-957-6813 

Catawba-Charlab, Inc 704-523-4242 

Cedar Chemical Co 901-685-5348 

Cedar Chemical Co 501-572-3701 

901-685-5348 

Certalnteed Corp 215-341-7000 

Certified Processing Corp 201-923-5200 

Champlin Refining, Co 51.2-882-8871 

Chr. Hansen's Laboratory, Inc 414-476-3630 

Chattem, Inc 615-821-4571 

Chembond Corp 503-687-8840 

Chemfax, Inc 601-863-6511 

Chemical Exchange Industries, inc 713-526-8291 

Chemlthon Corp 206-937-9954 

Chemol Co 919-272-3121 

Chemos Corp 201-966-0044 

Chevron Corp., Chevron Chemical Co .... 415-842-5500 

Chromatic Color Corp 502-737-1700 

Ciba-Geigy Corp 914-478-3131 

Cincinnati Varnish Co 513-631-4270 

CItgo Petroleum Corp 918-495-4000 

Citizens Gas & Coke Utility 317-631-2181 

Climax Performance Materials Corp 214 

Coastal Refining & Marketing Inc 713 

Colgate-Palmolive Co 212 

Colloids Lyndal Div 404 

Colloids, Inc 201 

Color Chem International Corp 201 

Colorado Chemical Specialties, Inc 303 

Colorado Resins, Inc 303- 

Columbia Nitrogen Corp 404- 

Columbia Organic Chemical Co. , Inc 803- 

Cominco Fertilizers Inc 509 

Commercial Products Co. , Inc 201- 

Conap, Inc 716- 

Concord Chemical Co. , Inc 609- 

Conoco Specialty Products, Inc 713- 

Continental Chemical Co 201- 

Continental Polymers, Inc 213- 

Cook Paint & Varnish Co 816- 



-333-2151 
-877-1400 

-310-2000 
■259-4831 
■926-6100 
■444-8563 
■245-8148 

■245-8148 

•823-4300 
■425-1786 
•747-6111 

•427-6887 
•372-9650 
966-1526 
293-1764 

•472-5000 
•637-2103 



2190 North Loop West, Suite 400, 

Houston, TX 77018. 
5046 Old Pineville Rd., Charlotte, 

NC 28217. 
P.O. Box 3 Vicksburg, MS 39180 
Highway 242 South, West Helena, 

AR 72390. 

and P. O. Box 3, Vicksburg, 

MS 39180. 
P. O. Box 860, Valley Forge, PA 19482. 
U.S. Highway #22, Hillside, NJ 07205. 
P. O. Box 9176, Corpus Christi, 

TX 78469. 
9015 W. Maple St., West Allis, Wl 53214. 
1715 W. 38th St., Chattanooga, 

TN 37409. 
1600 Valley River Dr., Suite 390, Eugene, 

OR 97401. 
10045 Three River Rd., Gulf port, 

MS 39503. 
3813 Buffalo Speedway, Houston, 

TX 77098. 
5430 W. Marginal Way, SW., Seattle, 

WA 98106. 
2410 Randolph Ave., Greensboro, 

NC 27406. 
225-235 Emmet St., Newark, NJ 07114. 
6001 Bollinger Canyon Rd., 

San Ramon, 94583. 
305 Ring Rd., Elizabethtown KY, 42701. 
444 Saw Mill River Rd. , Ardsley, 

NY 10502. 
1776 Mentor Ave., Cincinnati, OH 45212. 
P. O. Box 1562, Lake Charles, 

LA 70602. 
3133 Southeastern Ave., Indianpolis, 

IN 46203. 
7666 W. 63rd St. Summit, IL 60501 
Nine Greenway Plaza, Houston, 

TX 77046. 
300 Park Ave., New York, NY 10022. 
1338 Coronet Drive Dalton, Ga. 30720. 
P.O. Box 769, Marietta, GA 30061. 
7 Plymouth Rd., Glen Rock, NJ 07452. 
569 24-1/4 Rd., Grand Junction, 

CO 81505. 
569 24-1/4 Rd., Grand Junction, 

CO 81505. 
P.O. Box 1483, Augusta, GA 30903. 
1424 Mt. Zion Road, Cassatt SC 29032. 
W. 818 Riverside Ave., Spokane, 

WA 99201. 
117 Ethel Ave., Hawthorne, NJ 07506. 
1405 Buffalo St., Olean, NY 14760. 
17th & Federal Sts., Camden, NJ 08105. 
600 N. Dairy Ashford Rd. Houston, 

TX 77079. 
270 Clifton Blvd. Clifton, NJ 07011-3686 
2225 E. Del Amo Blvd., Compton, 

CA 90220. 
P. O. Box 419389, Kansas City, 

MO 64141. 



A-5 



Appendix A 



Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1988 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1988 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used In each of 
the 15 individual sections of this report) 

Identi- 
fication Teieplione 
Code Name of company number Office address 



COP Coopers Creek Chemical Corp 215-828-0375 

CPY Copolymer Rubber & Chemical Corp 504-355-5655 

COS Cosan Chemical Corp 201-460-9300 

CMS Cosmic Plastics, Inc 818-365-3249 

CRD Croda, inc 212-683-3089 

CK Crompton & Knowles Corp 215-775-8000 

CCP Crown Central Petroleum Corp 301-539-7400 

USM Crown IVIetro, Inc 803-299-1331 

CYT Cumberland International Corp 713-682-1221 

CTR Customs Resins Dlv. of Bemis Co., Inc ... 502-826-7641 

AMD Cycle Products, Inc 213-582-6411 

CNP DSM Chemicals Augusta, Inc 404-823-4240 

POP Dalcolor Pope, inc 201-279-2702 

MAR Daishowa Chemical Inc 203-625-0701 

DAN Dan River, inc.. Chemical Products Div ... 804-799-7000 

DPI Dart Polymers, Inc., Sub. of Dart 517-676-3800 

Container Corp. 

DGO Day-Glo Color Corp 216-391-7070 

DPW Deepwater, Inc 714-751-3522 

DGC Degussa Corp 201-641-6100 

DRR Delta Resins & Refractories, Inc 414-462-1200 

DNS Dennis Chemical Co 314-771-1800 

DRB Derby Co. , Inc 508-342-5831 

DSO & DeSoto, Inc 312-391-9000 

PLX 

UDI DeSoto, Inc 312-391-9000 

DTR Detroit Coke Corp 312-842-6222 

DEX Dexter Chemical Corp 212-542-7700 

HYA Dexter Corp, Dexter Adhesives 415-687-4201 

Structual Materials Div. 

HYC Dexter Corp., Dexter Electronic 818-968-6511 

Material Div. 

MID Midland Dlv 31 2-623-4200 

AGP Dial Corp 602-248-2800 

DA Diamond Shamrock Refining & Marketing .. 512-641-6800 

DAZ Diaz Chemical Corp 716-638-6321 

PLN Disogrin Industries Corp 603-669-4050 

DIX Dixie Chemical Co., Inc 713-526-2604 

DRC Dock Resins Corp 201-862-2351 

DOM Dominion Products, Inc 718-499-3050 

DVC Dover Chemical Corp. Sub. of ICC 216-343-7711 

DOW Dow Chemical Co 517-636-6125 

DCC Dow Corning Corp 517-496-4000 



River Rd., West Conshohocken, 

PA 19428. 
P. O. Box 2591, Baton Rouge, LA 70821. 
400 - 14th St., Carlstadt, NJ 07072. 
12314 Gladstone Ave., San Francisco, 

CA 91342. 
183 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016. 
P. O. Box 341, Reading, PA 19603. 
1 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21203. 
Echelon Road, Donaldson Centre, 

Greenville, SC 29606. 
1523 N. Post Oak Rd., Houston, 

TX 77055. 
Highway 136 West, Henderson, 

KY 42420. 
1922 E. 64th St., Los Angeles, 

CA 90001. 
P. O. Box 2451, Augusta, GA 30903. 
33 Sixth Ave Paterson, NJ 07524. 
81 Holly Hill Lane Greenwich, CT 06830. 
P. O. Box 261, Danville, VA 24543. 
432 Hogsback Rd., Mason. Ml 48854. 

4515 St. Clair Ave., Cleveland, 

OH 44103. 
P. O. Box 17599, Irvine, CA 92713. 
65 Chassenger Rd., Ridgefield Park, 

NJ 07660. 
6263 N. Teutonia Ave., Milwaukee, 

Wl 53209. 
2700 Papin St., St. Louis, MO 63103. 
119 Authority Dr., Fitchburg, MA 01420. 
1700 S. Mt. Prospect Rd., Des Plaines, 

IL 60018. 
1220 N. Main Place, Fort Worth, 

TX 76106. 
7819 West Jefferson Ave., Detroit, 

Ml. 48209. 
845 Edgewater Rd., Bronx, NY 10474. 
2850 Willow Pass Road, Pittsburgh, 

CA. 94565. 
15051 E. Don Julian Rd., Industry, 

CA 91749. 
E. Water St., Waukegan, IL 60085. 
2000 Aucutt Rd., Montgomery, 

AL 60538. 
P. O. Box 696000, San Antonio, 

TX 78269-6000. 
40 Jackson St., Holley, NY 14470. 
Grenier Industrial Airpark, Manchester, 

NH 03103. 
3635 W. Dallas Ave., Houston, 

TX 77019. 
1512 W. Elizabeth Ave., Linden, 

NJ 07036. 
882 - 3rd Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11232. 
W. 15th & Davis Sts., Dover, OH 44622. 
2020 Willard H. Dow Center, Midland, 

Ml 48674. 
P.O. Box 994, Midland, Ml 48686-0994. 



A-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1988 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1988 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used In each of 
the 15 individual sections of this report) 

Identi- 
fication Teleplione 
Code Name of company number Office address 



ABP Drummond Company, Inc 205-945-6301 

WBG Dryden Oil Co White & Bagley Div 617-791-3201 

CHO Ducon 618-654-2070 

DUP E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc 302-774-1000 

DSC Dye Specialties, Inc 201-866-9504 

AGI EMS-Amerlcan Grilon, Inc 803-481-9173 

ECC Eastern Color & Chemical Co 401-331-9000 

EK Eastman Kodak Co 716-724-4000 

EKT Tennessee Eastman Co. Div 615-229-2000 

EKX Texas Eastman Co. Div 214-236-5012 

ESA East Shore Chemical Co 616-726-3106 

ELN Elan Chemical Co 201-344-8014 

ELC EIco Corp. Sub. of Detrex Chemical 216-749-2605 

Industries, Inc. 

USM Emhart Corp. , Bostil< Div 617-777-0100 

EMK Emkay Chemical Co 201-352-7053 

EKO Empire Coke Co 205-323-2400 

END Enenco, Inc 901-320-5800 

HSH Engelhard Corp 201-632-6000 

SAR Esschem, Inc 215-521-3800 

ESS Essential Industries, Inc 414-691-3000 

EHC Ethichem Corp 201-933-7880 

ETC Ethox Chemicals, Inc 803-277-1620 

TNA Ethyl Corp 804-788-5000 

AVA Eval Co. Of America 312-719-4610 

ENJ Exxon Chemical Americas 713-870-6000 

FMC FMC Corp 215-299-6000 

FMN Agricultural Chemical Group 215-299-6000 

FMB Peroxygen Chemicals Div 716-876-8300 

FAB Fabrlcolor IVIanufacturIng Corp 201-742-3900 

FMT Fairmount Chemical Co. , Inc 201-344-5790 

FBI Farmland Industries, Inc 816-459-6000 

Farmland Industries, Inc 816-238-8111 

FEL Felton World Wide, Inc 718-497-4664 

SDS Fermenta Plant Protection 216-357-4100 

PER Ferro Corp 

Bedford Chemical Div 216-641-8580 

Grant Chemical Div 504-654-6801 

Keil Chemical Div 219-931-2630 

FBI Fiber Industries, Inc 704-357-2000 

CSD FIna Oil & Chemical Co. , Cosden 214-750-2400 

Chemical Div 

FTX Finetex, Inc 201-797-4686 

Firestone Tire & Rubber Co.: 

FRF Firestone Fibers & Textile Co 216-379-7000 

FRS Firestone Synthetic Rubber & Latex 216-379-7495 

Co. Div. 

CI Firmenlch, Inc 609-452-1000 



P. O. Box 10246, Birmingham, AL 35209. 
688-692-Mlllburyst, Worchester, 

Ma. 01607 
P. O. Box 219, Highland, IL 62249. 
1007 Market St., Wilmington, DE 19898. 
100 Plaza Center, Secaucus, NJ 07096. 
P. O. Box 1948, Sumter, SC 29151. 
35 Livingston St., Providence, Rl 02904. 
343 State St., Rochester, NY 14650. 
P. O. Box 1974, Kingsport, TN 37662. 
P. O. 80x7444, Kingsport, TN 37662. 
1221 E. Barney Ave., Muskegon, 

Ml 49443. 
268 Doremus Ave., Newark, NJ 07105. 

1000 Beltllne Rd. Cleveland OH 44109. 

Boston St., Middleton, MA 01949. 
319-315 Second ST P.O. Box 42, 
Elizabeth, NJ 07206 
1927 1st Ave., N., Birmingham, 

AL 35203. 
755 Crossover Lane, Memphis, 

TN 38117. 
3400 Band Street, Louisville, KY 40212. 
P. O. Box 56, Essington, PA 19029. 
28391 Essential Rd., Merton, Wl 53056. 
150 Grand St., Carlstadt, NJ 07072. 
P.O. Box 5094, Station B, Greenville, 

SC 29606. 
330 S. 4th St., Richmond, VA 23217. 

1001 Warrenville Rd., Lisle, IL 60532. 
P.O. Box 3272, Houston, 

TX 77253-3272. 
2000 Market St., Philadelphia, PA 19103. 
2000 Market St., Philadelphia, PA 19103. 
Sawyer Ave. & River Rd., 

Town of Tonawanda, NY 14150. 
P.O. Box 2398, Paterson, NJ 07509. 
117 Blanchard St., Newark, NJ 07105. 
P.O. Box 308, Lawrence KS 66044. 
1417 Lower Lake Rd., St. Joseph, 

Mo 64502. 
599 Johnson Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11237. 
5966 Heisley Rd., Mentor, 

OH 44061-8000. 

7050 Krick Rd., Bedford, OH 44146. 
P. O. Box 263, Baton Rouge, LA 70770. 
3000 Sheffield Ave., Hammond, 

IN 46320. 
5146 Parkway Plaza Blvd., Charlotte, 

NC. 28217. 
8350 N. Central, Dallas, TX 75206. 

418 Falmouth Ave., Elmwood Park, 
NJ 07407. 

P. O. Box 450, Hopewell, VA 23860. 
P.O. Box 26611, Akron, OH 44319-0006. 

P.O. Box 5880, Princeton, NJ 08543. 



A-7 



Appendix A 

Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1988 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1988 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in each of 
the 15 individual sections of this report) 

Identi- 
fication Teleplione 
Code Name of company number Office address 



FST 
FPC 
FLM 
CIK 
EEP 
FTE 

FOR 



BDS 
FLN 
PRE 

WLC 

FB 
FLH 

COO 
GAF 
GLX 
GAN 
GAY 
GNT 

GNR 

GE 



GEP 
SPD 
GNF 

GLC 

GRG 



PSP 
GP 

TNI 
GIV 
GLD 
BFG 

HGC 
QYR 

HMP 
EVN 



First Chemical Corp 601-762-0870 

Flambeau Paper Corp 715-762-3231 

Fleming Laboratories, Inc 704-372-5613 

Flint Ink Corp . , Cal/Ink Div 41 5-525-1 1 88 

Fluorocarbon Co 216-274-3171 

Foote Mineral Co 215-889-9605 

Formosa Plastics Corp-Louisiana 504-356-3341 

Formosa Plastics Corp-USA 201-966-6980 

Fragrance Resource, Inc 201-264-6767 

Franklin International 614-443-0241 

Freeman Chemical Corp 414-284-5541 

Freeport McMoran Resource Partners .... 504-582-4000 

Fritzsohe Dodge & Olcott, Inc 212-929-4100 

H.B. Fuller Co 612-645-3401 

H.B. Fuller Co 617-658-3351 

GAF Chemical Corp 201-628-3000 

Gaiaxie Chemical Corp 201-279-0558 

Ganes Chemicals, Inc 201-507-4300 

Gaylord Chemical Corp 206-254-0922 

Gencorp Polymers Products 216-869-4200 

Genencor, Inc 41 5-742-7500 

General Electric Co.: 

Electromaterlals 614-622-5310 

Plastics Business Group 413-448-6394 

Plastics Div 413-448-71 10 

Silicone Products Div 518-237-3330 

General Foods Manufacturing Corp 201-420-3432 

Maxvyell House Coffee Co 

General Latex and Chemical Corp 617-576-8000 

P.D. George Co 314-621-5700 

Georgia Gulf Corp: 

Houston Div 404-395-4549 

Plaquemlne Div 404-395-4500 

PVC Compound Div 404-395-4500 

Georgia-Pacific Corp.: 

Bellingham Div 206-733-4410 

Resins Inc 404-521-4000 

Gillette Chemical Co 617-421-7000 

Givaudan Corp 201-365-8000 

Giidden Company 216-344-8000 

B. F. Goodrich Co 216-447-7802 

Goodson Polymers, Inc 801-272-9000 

Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co 216-796-2121 

W. R. Grace & Co.: 

Hampshire Chemicals Div 617-861-6600 

Organic Chemicals Div., Evans 617-861-6600 

Chemetics 



P. O. Box 1427, Pascagouia, MS 39567. 
200 N. First Ave., Park Falls, Wl 54552. 
2215 Thrift Rd., Charlotte, NC 28234. 
1404 - 4th St., Berkeley, CA 94710. 
Main & Orchard Sts. Mantua, OH 44255. 
301 Lindenwood Drive Suite 301 , 

Malvern Pa. 19355. 
P. O. Box 271, Baton Rouge, LA 70821. 
66 Hanover Rd., Florham Park, 

NJ 07932. 
275 Clark Street Keyport, NJ 07735. 
2020 Bruck St., Columbus, OH 43207. 
217 Freeman Dr. Port Washington, 

Wl 53074. 
1615 Poydras St. New Orleans, 

LA 70112. 
76 - 9th Ave., New York, NY 10011. 
3530 North Lexington Ave., St. Paul, 

MN 55126. 
820 Woburn St. Wilmington, MA 01887. 
P. O. Box 12, Linden, NJ 07036. 
26 Piercy St., Paterson, NJ 07524. 
630 Broad St., Carlstadt, NJ 07072. 
P.O. Box 1209, Slidell, LA 70459-1209. 
165 S. Cleveland Ave. Mogadore, 

OH 44260. 
180 Kimball Way, S. San Francisco, 

CA -94080. 

1350 S. Second St., Coshocton, 

OH 43812. 
1 Plastics Ave., PIttsfield, MA 01201. 
1 Plastics Ave., PIttsfield, MA 01201. 
Mechanicville Road, Waterford, NY 12188. 
1125 Hudson St., Hoboken, NJ 07030. 

P.O. Box 498, Ashland, OH 44805. 
5200 N. Second St., St. Louis, 
MO 63147. 

400 Perimeter Ctr., Terr. Suite 595, 

Atlanta, GA 30346. 
400 Perimeter Center Terrace, Suite 595, 

Atlanta, GA 30348. 
P.O. Box 629 Plaquemlne, 

LA 70765-0629. 

P. O. Box 1236, Bellingham, WA 98227. 
133 Peachtree St. NE., Atlanta, 

GA 30303. 
3500 W. 16th St., N. Chicago, IL 60064. 
100 Delawanna Ave., Clifton, NJ 07014. 
925 Euclid Ave., Cleveland OH 44115. 
6100 Oak Tree Blvd., Cleveland, 

OH 44131. 
1250 South Union St., Troy, OH 45373. 
1144 E. Market St., Akron, OH 44316. 



55 Hayden Ave. 
55 Hayden Ave. 



Lexington, MA 02173. 
Lexington, MA 02173. 



A-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1988 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. international 
Trade Commission for 1988 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in each of 
the 15 individual sections of this report) 

Identi- 
fication 
Code Name of company 



Telephone 
number 



Office address 



GRD 
GPC 

CPC 
GTL 
GNW 
GDC 

GPI 



GRV 

GSS 

GTH 
HAR 
HAL 
HOC 
HTM 

FOC 

HAN 

TMH 

HRT 
HCC 
HKY 
HAP 

SCP 

HPC 
HER 
HTN 
HEU 
HEC 
HEW 
HXL 



HIP 

SDG 

SDH 

BEZ 

RPC 
HDQ 



W. R. Grace & Co.— Continued: 

Organic Chemical Div. Nitroparafins 617-861-6600 

Organic Chemicals & Polymers Div 617-861-6600 

Grain Processing Corp 319-264-4211 

Grant industries, Inc 201-791-6700 

Great Lakes Chemical Corp 317-497-6100 

Greenwood Chemical Co 703-456-6832 

Gresco, Mfg. Inc 919-475-8101 

Grinstead Products, Inc 913-764-8100 

Grow Group Inc 301-939-1234 

Guardsman Chemicals, Inc 616-452-5181 

Gulf States Steel, Inc 205-543-6201 

Guth Corp 414-488-3202 

Haarmann & Relmer Corp 201-686-3132 

C. P. Hall Co 312-767-4600 

Halocarbon Products Corp 201-343-8703 

Haltermann Ltd. Co 713-452-5951 

Handschy Industries, Inc 312-597-7990 

Ink and Chemical Div. 

Hanna Chemical Coatings Corp 614-294-3361 

Harcros Chemicals, Inc 913-321-3131 

Hart Products Corp 201-433-6665 

Hatco Chemical Co 201-738-1000 

Hawkeye Chemical Co 319-243-5800 

Helmerich & Payne, Inc. , Natural 713-424-5568 

Gas Odorizing Div. 

Henkel Corp 61 2-828-8000 

Hercules, Inc 302-594-5000 

Heresite Protective Coating, Inc 414-684-6646 

Heterene Chemical Corp 201-278-2000 

Heubach Inc 201-596-6170 

Hewchem 601-863-6600 

Hewitt Soap Co., Inc 513-253-1151 

Hexcel Corp: 

Chemical Products Div 805-498-1399 

Chemical Products Div 616-772-2193 

High Point Chemical Corp 919-884-2214 

Hill Petroleum Company 203-661-4770 

Hilton Davis Chemical Co 513-841-4000 

Hl-Tek Polymer 502-499-401 1 

Hi-Tek Polymers, Inc., Lyndal Div 404-259-4831 

Hodag Chemical Corp 312-675-3950 



55 Hayden Avenue., Lexington, 

MA 02173. 
55 Hayden Ave., Lexington, MA 02173. 
1600 Oregon Street, Muscatine, 

lA 52761-0349. 
P. O. Box 360, Elmwood Park, NJ 07407. 
P.O. Box 2200, W. Lafayette, IN 47906. 
State Hwy. #690, Greenwood, VA 22943. 
216 E. Holly Hill Rd., Thomasville, 

NC 27360. 
200 Industrial Parkway Industrial Airport, 

KA 66031. 
1354 Old Post Rd., Havre De Grace, 

Md. 21078. 
1350 Steele Ave. S.W., Grand Rapids, 

Ml 49507. 
174 South 26th St., Gadsden 

AL 35904-1935. 
P.O. Box 347, Slinger, Wl 53086. 
70 Diamond Rd., Springfield, NJ 07081. 
7300 S. Central Ave., Chicago, IL 60638. 
82 Burlews Ct., Hackensack, NJ 07601. 
16717 Jacintoport Blvd., Houston, 

TX 77015. 
13601 S. Ashland Ave., Riverdale, 
IL 60627-1099. 
1313 Windsor Ave., Columbus, 

OH 43216. 
5200 Speaker Rd., Kansas City, 

KS 66110. 
173 Sussex St., Jersey City, NJ 07302. 
King George Post Rd., Fords, NJ 08863. 
P. O. Box 899, Clinton, lA 52732. 
3601 Decker Dr., Baytown, TX 77520. 

2200 Remlssance Blvd., Gulpn Mills, 

PA 19406. 
Hercules Plaza, Wilmington, DE 19894. 
822 S. 14th St., Manitowoc, Wl 54220. 
790 - 21st Ave., Paterson, NJ 07513. 
Heubach Ave., Newark, NJ 07114. 
P.O. Box 188, Gulfport, MS 39502. 
333 Linden Ave., Dayton, OH 45403. 

35470 Conejo Rd., Newbury Park 

CA 91320. 
215 N. Centennial St., Zeeland, 

Ml 49464. 
243 Woodbine St., High Point, NC 27261. 
P.O. Box 5038, Houston, TX 77262-5038 
2335 Langdon Farm Rd., Cincinnati, 

OH 45237. 
9808 Bluegrass Parkway, Louisville, 

KY 40299. 
1338 Coronet Dr., Dalton, GA 30720. 
7247 N. Central Park Ave., Skokie, 

IL 60076. 



A-9 



Appendix A 

Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1988 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1988 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used In each of 
the 15 individual sections of this report) 

Identi- 
fication Telephone 
Code Name of company number Office address 



HOF 
HCP 
EFH 
NOD 

HIVIL 
HMY 
HNT 
HIVIN 

ICI 



IIVIC 
IIVIC 

RAY 

IGC 

IND 

IDC 

INL 

WIVI 

SPC 

IMI 

GBF 

IFF 

IPC 

lOV 
CRZ 

JRC 
JFR 
JRG 

JTO 
MRX 

JNS 



Hoechst Celanese Corp: 

Bayport Works 201-231-2000 

Chemical Group Div 214-689-4000 

Engineering Plastics DIv 201-635-2600 

Fibers Div 704-554-2000 

Fibers Industrial DIv 803-579-5522 

Fine Chemical Div 804-393-3100 

SpeciaiityChem Group Coventry Plant ... 201-231-2000 

Sou-Tex 704-827-7531 

Hoffmann-LaRoche, Inc 201-235-5000 

Honig Chemical & Processing Corp 201-344-0881 

E. F. Houghton & Co 215-666-4000 

Huls America, Inc 201-981-5000 

Hummel Chemical Co. , inc 201-754-1800 

Humphrey Chemical Co 203-281-0012 

Huntington Laboratories, Inc 219-356-8100 

Huntsman Chemical Corp 801-532-5200 

ICI Americas, Inc: 

Agricultural Products Div 302-479-8000 

Films Group Div 302-575-3986 

Polyurethanes Group 609-423-7400 

Resin Div 617-658-6600 

Speciality Product 302-575-3557 

IMC Pittman-Moore 812-232-0121 

IMC Pittman-Moore Industrial Chemical . . . 312-566-2600 
Industrial Chemical Div 

ITT Rayonier, Inc 203-348-7000 

Indiana Gas & Chemical Corp 812-232-0231 

Indol Color Co., Inc 201-242-1300 

industrial Color, Inc 815-722-7402 

inland Steel Co 312-346-0300 

index Chemical Co 215-271-0800 

Inslico Corp. , Sinclair Paint Co. Div 213-268-2511 

Insulating Materials, Inc 518-395-3304 

International Bio-Synthetics Inc 704-527-9000 

international Flavor & Fragrances Inc 201-264-4500 

Interplastic Corp 612-331-6850 

lovite, inc 312-481-8900 

James River II, Inc. Speciality 206-834-8134 

Chemicals Div 

Jarchem Industries, Inc 201-587-4551 

George A. Jeffreys & Co. , Inc 703-389-8220 

Andrew Jergens Co 513-421-1400 

Jetco Chemicals, inc 214-872-301 1 

Johnson Matthey, Inc. : 215-971-3000 

S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc 414-631-2000 



12212 Port Rd., Pasadena, TX 77507. 
1250 W. Mockingbird Lane, Dallas, 

TX 75247. 
26 Main St., Chatham, NJ 07928. 
4000 Barclay Down Drive, Charlotte, 

NC 28232. 
P.O. Box 5887, Spartanburg, 

SC 29304-5887. 
801 Water St., Portsmouth, VA 23704 . 
129 Quidnick St., Coventry, Ri 02816. 
P.O. Box 866, Mt. Holly, NC 28120. 
340 Kingsland St., Nutley, NJ 07110. 
414 Wilson Ave., Newark, NJ 07105. 
P.O. Box 930, Valley Forge, PA 19482. 
80 Centennial Ave., Piscataway, 

NJ 08855-0456. 
10 Harmich Rd., S. Plainfieid, NJ 07080. 
45 Divine St., N. Haven, CT 06473-0325. 
970 E. Tipton St., Huntington, IN 46750. 
2000 Eagle Gate Tower, Salt City, 

UT 84111. 

Delaware Corp. Center, Wilmington, 

DE 19897. 
Concord Pike & Murphy Rd., Wilmington, 

DE 19897. 
Mantua Grove Rd., W. Deptford, 

NJ 08066. 
730 Main St., Wilmington, DE 19897. 
Concord Pike & Murphy Rd., Wilmington, 

DE 19897. 
P.O. Box 207, Terre Haute, IN 47808. 
421 E. Hawley St., Mundelein, IL 60060. 

P.O. Box 68967, Seattle WA 98188. 
1341 Hulman St., Terre Haute, IN 47808. 
1029 Newark Ave., Elizabeth, NJ 07201. 
50 Industry Ave., Joliet, IL 60435. 
3210Watling, St., E. Chicago, IL 46312. 
Jackson & Swanson Sts., Philadelphia, 

PA 19148. 
6100 South Garfield Ave., Los Angeles, 

CA 
1 Campbell Rd., Schenectady, NY 12306. 

90040. 
P.O. Box 241068, Charlotte, 

NC 28224-1068. 
1515 Highway #36, Union Beach, 

NJ 07735. 
2015 NE Broadway, Minneapolis, 

MN 55413. 
21625 Oak St., Matteson, IL 60443. 
4th & Adams Sts., Camas, WA 98607. 

40 Ball St., Newark, NJ 07105. 
P. O. Box 909, Saieni, VA 24153. 
2535 Spring Grove Ave., Cincinnati, 

OH 45214. 
P. O. Box 1898, Corsicana, TX 75110. 
2002 Nolte Dr., W. Deptford, NJ 08066. 
1525 Howe St., Racine, Wl 53403. 



A-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 19^8 



Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1988 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1988 are listed below alphabetically, together with their Identification codes as used In each of 
the 15 Individual sections of this report) 

Identi- 
fication 
Code Name of company 



Telephone 
number 



Office address 



JOB Jones-Blair Co 214-353-1600 

KLM Kalama Chemical, Inc 206-682-7890 

KTP Kama Corp. , Kent Polymers, Inc 717-455-2021 

KAN Kanasco, Ltd 301-789-7800 

KMP Kelly-Moore Paint Co. , Inc 415-592-8337 

KMI Kemin Industries, inc 515-266-2111 

KPI Kenrich Petrochemicals, Inc 201-823-9000 

KYS Keysor Century Corp 805-259-2360 

KCW Keystone Color Worl<s, Inc 717-854-9541 

CHF Kincaid Enterprises, Inc 304-755-3377 

KHI Koch Refining Co 31 6-832-5500 

LCP LCP Chemicals: 

Maine DIv. of Hanlln Group Inc 201-225-4840 

West Virginia, Inc 304-843-1310 

LTV LTV Steel Co. , Inc 216-622-5000 

LKY Lake States DIv. of Rhinelander 715-369-4217 

Paper Co. 

LRO LaRoche Chemical, Inc 504-356-8406 

ARM LaRoche Industries Inc 404-851-0407 

Lll Lawter International, Inc 312-498-4700 

LEA Leatex Chemical Co 21 5-739-6324 

LLI Lee Laboratories, Inc 804-862-2534 

LVR C. Lever Co. , Inc 215-639-8640 

LEV Lever Brothers Co 212-688-6000 

LIL Ell Lilly & Co 317-261-2000 

Eli Lilly Industries, Inc 809-757-4000 

Lie Lilly Industrial Coatings, Inc 317-634-8512 

LMC Lomac, Inc 616-788-2341 

BRD Lonza, Inc 201-794-2400 

LC Lord Corp., Chemical Products Group .... 814-868-3611 

LCS Louisiana Chemical Polymers 504-775-1801 

LYP Lyondell Petrochemical Co 713-652-7200 

MCK MacKenzle Chemical Works, Inc 504-886-2173 

MCC McCloskey Corp. McCloskey Varnish Co.: . 215-624-4400 

McCloskey Varnish Co. , California 213-726-7272 

STG McCloskey Varnish Co. , Oregon 503-226-3751 

McCormIck & Co., Inc., McCormick- ... 301-667-7401 
Stange, Flavor DIv. 

MGK McLaughlin Gormley King Co 612-544-0341 

MNP McWhorter, Inc 312-428-2657 

MAK MAK Chemical Corp 317-288-4464 



2728 Empire Central, Dallas, TX 75045. 
Suite 1110, Bank of California Center, 

Seattle, WA 98164. 
666 Dietrich Ave., Hazelton, PA 18201. 
6118 Roblnwood Road, Baltimore, 

MD 21125. 
987 Commercial St., San Carlos, 

CA 94070. 
2100 Maury St., Des Moines, lA 50301. 
140 E. 22nd St., Bayonne, 

NJ 07002-0032. 
P. O. Box 308, Saugus, CA 91350. 
151 W. Gay Ave., York, PA 17403. 
P. O. Box 549, Nitro, WV 25143. 
P. O. Box 2302, Wichita, KS 67201. 

P. O. Box 149, Orrington, ME 04474. 
P. O. Box Box J, Moundsvllle, WV 26041. 
LTV Steel BIdg., 25 W. Prospect Ave., 

Cleveland, OH 44115. 
515 W. Davenport St., Rhinelander, 

Wl 54501. 
P.O. Box 1031, Baton Rouge, LA 70821. 
1100 Johnson Ferry Rd., Alanta 

GA 30342. 
990 Skokle Blvd., Northbrook, IL 60062. 
2722 N. Hancock St., Philadelphia, 

PA 19133. 
2999 Frontage Rd., Petersburg, 

VA 23805. 
736 Dunks Ferry Rd., Bensalem, 

PA 19020. 
390 Park Ave., New York, NY 10022. 
Lilly Corporate Center, Indianapolis, 
IN 46285. 
Call Box 1198 - Pueblo Station, Carolina, 

PR 00630-1198. 
P. O. Box 946, Indianapolis, IN 46206. 
5025 Evanston Ave., Muskegon, 

Ml 49443. 
17-17 Route 208, Fair Lawn, NJ 07410. 
2000 W. Grandview Blvd., Erie, 

PA 16514-0038. 
12537 Scenic Hwy., Baton Rouge, 

LA 70807. 
1221 McKlnney, Suite 1600, Houston, 

TX 77253-3646. 
Rte 2 Box 667, Deer Park, NY 11729. 
7600 State Rd., Philadelphia, PA 19136. 
5501 E. Slanson Avenue, Los Angeles, 

CA 90040. 
4155 N.W. Yeon Ave., Portland, 

OR 97210. 
230 Schilling Circle S., Hunt Valley, 

MD 21031. 
8810 - 10th Ave., N., Minneapolis, 

MN 55427. 
400 E. Cottage Place, Carpentersvllle, 

IL 60110. 
1200 Rochester Ave . , Muncie, 

IN 47307-0423. 



A-U 



Appendix A 

Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1988 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 

Trade Commission for 1988 are listed below alphabetically, together with their Identification codes as used in each of 

the 15 Individual sections of this report) 

Identi- 
fication Telephone 
Code Name of company number Office address 



SOR MW Manufacturers, Inc., Southern 919-475-1348 

Resin Div 

TZC Magnesium Elel<tron, Inc 201-782-5800 

MGR Magruder Color Co., Inc 201-242-1300 

MAL Maiiinckrodt, inc 314-895-2000 

KCH Manchem, inc 215-837-1808 

MOC Marathon Petroleum Co. , Texas 419-422-2121 

Refining Div 

MRV Marlowe-Van Loan Corp 919-882-3351 

MCA Masonite Corp. , Alpine Resin Div 312-750-0900 

MAX Max Marx Color Corp 201-373-7801 

MYO Mayo Chemical Co 404-696-671 1 

MLC Melamine Chemicals, inc 504-473-3121 

MRK Mercl< &Co., Inc 201-574-4000 

MER Merlchem Co 713-455-1311 

MLS Miles Laboratories, inc: 219-262-7445 

Biotechnology Group 

MIL Mllllken & Co., Millii<en Chemical Div 803-472-9041 

MMM Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co 612-733-3647 

MIR MIranol Chemical Co. , inc 201-329-3900 

MSC Mississippi Chemical Corp 601-746-4131 

Mobay Chemical Corp.: 

CHG Agricultural Chemicals Div 816-242-2345 

VPC Dye & Pigment Div 201-686-3700 

MOB Pittsburgh Div 412-777-2000 

DKA Mobay Synthetics Corp 713-477-8821 

SM Mobil Oil Corp.: 

Gas Liquids Dept 703-849-3000 

Mobil Chemical Co. Polystyrene 201-321-6000 

Business 

Chemical Products Div 201-321-6000 

Petrochemicals Div 713-590-7700 

MOA Mona industries, inc 201-345-8220 

MON Monsanto Co 314-694-1000 

MNA Monsanto Agricultural Co 314-694-1000 

MCI Mooney Chemicals, Inc 216-781-8383 

MCP Moretex Chemical Products, Inc 803-583-8441 

MRF Morfiex Chemical Co. , Inc 919-292-1781 

Morton Thiokoi, Inc.: 

MRT Morton Chemical Div 312-807-2000 

Morton Thiokol, Inc 

PYI Morton Chemical Div 312-807-2000 

CCW Ventron Div 513-733-2100 

MHI Ventron Div 508-774-3100 

MOT Motomco, Ltd 608-244-2904 

RTC Mount Vernon Mills, Inc 803-233-4151 

PNX The Murphy-Phoenix Co 216-831-0404 

NTL NL Chemicals Div 609-443-2000 

NTL NL Industries, inc 609-443-2000 



P.O. Box 68, Thomasvilie, NC 27360. 

500 Point Breeze Road, Flemington, 

NJ 08822. 
1029 Newark Ave., Elizabeth, NJ 07208. 
675 McDonnell Blvd., St. Louis 

MO 63042. 
275 Keystone Dr., Bethlehem, PA 18017. 
539 S. Main St., Findlay, OH 45840. 

1511 Joshua Circle, High Point, 

NC 27261. 
P.O. Box 1048, Laurel, MS 39441. 
1200 Grove St., Irvington, NJ 07111. 
5544 Oakdale Rd., Smyrna, GA 30081. 
P. O. Box 748, Donaldsonville, LA 70346. 
P. O. Box 2000, Rahway, NJ 07065. 
1914 Haden Rd., Houston, TX 77015. 
1127 Myrtle St., Elkhart, IN 46515. 

P. O. Box 817, Inman, SC 29349. 

3M Center 224-6S, St. Paul, MN 55144. 

P. O. Box 436, 68 Culver Rd., Dayton, 

NJ 08810. 
P. O, Box 388, Yazoo City, MS 39194. 

Hawthorne Rd., Kansas City, MO 64120. 
Mobay Road, Pittsburgh, PA 15205. 
Mobay Road, Pittsburgh, PA 15205. 
8701 Park Place Blvd., Houston, 
TX 77017. 

P. O. Box 900, Dallas, TX 75221. 
P. O. Box 240, Edison, NJ 08818. 

P. O. Box 250, Edison, NJ 08818. 
World Towers One, 15600 Kennedy Blvd., 

Houston, TX 77032. 
76 E. 24th St., Paterson, NJ 07544. 
800 N. Lindbergh Blvd., St. Louis, 

MO 63167. 
800 N. Lindbergh Blvd., St. Louis, 

MO 63167. 
2301 Scranton Rd., Cleveland, 

OH 44113. 
314 W. Henry St., Spartanburg, 

SC 29304. 
2110 High Point Road, Greensboro, 

NC 27403. 

333 W. Wacker Dr. Chicago, IL 60606. 

Mountain Creek Church Rd., Greenville, 

SC 29602. 
2000 West St., Reading, OH 45215. 
150 Andover St., Danvers, MA 01923. 
P. O. Box 8422, Madison, Wi 53708. 
One Shelter Place, Greenville, SC 29602. 
25800 Science Park Dr., P.O. 

Box 22930, Beechwood, OH 44122. 
P. O. Box 700, Hightstown, NJ 08520. 
P.O. Box 700 Hightstown, NJ 08520. 



A-12 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1988 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1988 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in each of 
the 15 Individual sections of this report) 

Identi- 
fication Telephone 
Code Name of company number Office address 



LEIVI 
NTC 
NCJ 
NMC 

NSC 

NTS 

NEP 
NEV 
NBC 
NCC 
NLO 

NCP 
NOC 



NPC 
NW 

NOR 
NBI 
NSW 
NUT 

OBC 



HKD 
HKO 

HKP 

HK 
EPI 

CIVIC 

WAY 

OC 

ORG 

OCC 

BSW 

CJO 

OCF 
PBI 

PDG 
PSG 

PMP 

PPG 
PPS 

PAC 



Napp Chemicals, inc 201-773-3900 

National Casein Co 312-846-7300 

National Casein of New Jersey 312-846-7300 

National Milling & Chemical Co. , inc 215-482-6600 

National Starch & Chemical Corp 201-685-5000 

National Steel Corp., Great Lal<es 313-297-3000 

Plant 

Nepera, Inc 914-782-1200 

Neville Chemical Co 412-331-4200 

New Boston Coke Corp 614-456-4154 

Niacet Corp 716-285-1474 

NIklor Chemical Co. , Inc 213-830-2253 

Niies Chemical Paint Co 616-683-3377 

The Norac Co. , Inc 818-334-2908 

Mathe Div 201-779-4981 

NOR-AM Chemical Co 302-575-2000 

Northwest Petrochemical Corp 206-293-3176 

Northwestern Chemical Co 312-231-61 1 1 

Norwich Eaton Pharmaceutical, Inc 607-335-2111 

Novo Biochemical Industries, inc 919-494-2014 

The Nutrasweet Co 312-940-9800 

Nutrius, inc 216-526-5522 

The O'Brien Corp 415-871-6060 

Occldentlal Chemical Corp.: 

Durez DIv 71 6-696-6000 

Olefins DIv 31 8-437-81 00 

PVC DIv 215-251-1000 

ED & S DIv 214-404-3300 

Ohio Rubber Eagle Pitcher ind 817-387-0585 

Orthane DIv. 

Oiin Corp 203-356-2000 

Oiin Hunt Speciality Products, Inc 201-977-6000 

Omega Chemicals, inc 803-582-5346 

Organics/LaGrange, inc 312-764-6700 

Orient Chemical Corp 201-465-0714 

Original Bradford Soap Works, Inc 401-821-2141 

C. J. Osborn Chemicals, Inc 609-662-0128 

Owens-Corning Fibergias Corp 419-248-8000 

PBI-Gordon Corp 816-421-4070 

P.D. Glycol 409-838-4521 

PMC Specialities Group, Inc 216-356-0700 

PMP Fermentation Products, ino 414-352-3001 

PPG industries, Inc 412-434-3131 

P/P Splitter Venture 71 3-972-1 307 

Pacific Anchor Chemical Corp 213-725-1800 



199 Main St., LodI, NJ 07644. 

601 W. 80th St.. Chicago, IL 60620. 
601 W. 80th St., Chicago, IL 60620. 
4601 Flat Rock Rd.. Philadelphia, 

PA 19127. 
10 Finderne Ave., Bridgewater, 

NJ 08807. 
1 Quality Dr., Ecorse, Ml 48229. 

Route#17, Harrlman, NY 10926. 
2800 Neville Rd., Pittsburgh, PA 15225. 
600 River Ave., New Boston, OH 45662. 
400 - 47th St., Niagara Falls, NY 14304. 
2060 E. 220th St., Long Beach, 

CA 90810. 
P. O. Box 307, Niies, Ml 49120. 
405 S. Motor Ave., Azusa, CA 91702. 
169 Kennedy Dr., LodI, NJ 07644-0230. 
3509 Siiverside Road, Wilmington, 
DE 19803. 

P.O. Box 99, Anacortes, WA 98221. 
120 N. Aurora St., West Chicago, 

IL 60185. 
17 Eaton Ave., Norwich, NY 13815. 
State Road 1003, Frankiinton, NC 27525. 
1751 Cook Road, Deerfleid, IL 60015. 
8221 Brecksviiie Rd., Brecksvliie, 

OH 44141. 
450 E. Grand Ave., S. San Francisco, 

CA 94080. 

Waick Rd., N. Tonawanda, NY 14120. 
One Lakeshore Dr., Suite 1895 

Lake Charles, LA 70629. 
P. O. Box 1772, Berwyn, PA 19312. 
5005 LBJ Freeway, Dallas, TX 75244. 
P.O. Box 1398, Denton, TX 76202. 

120 Long Ridge Rd., Stamford, 
CT 06904. 

One Wellington Rd., Lincoln, Rl 02865. 
P.O. Box 1723, Spartanburg, SC 29304 
7125 N. Clark St., Chicago, IL 60626. 

121 Tyler St., Port Newark, NJ 07114. 

200 Providence St., W. Warwick, 
Rl 02893. 

820 Sherman Ave., Pennsauken, 

NJ 08110. 
Fibergias Tower, Toledo, OH 43659. 
1217 W. 12th St., Kansas City, 
MO 64101-9984. 

P.O. Box 3785, Beaumont, TX 77704. 
20525 Center Ridge Rd, Rocky River, 

OH 44116. 
7670 N. Port Washington Rd., Milwaukee, 

Wl 53217. 
One PPG Place, Pittsburgh, PA 15272. 
6161 Savoy Dr. Suite 222, Houston, 

TX 77036. 
5701 S. Eastern Ave. Suite 530, 

Los Angeles, CA 90040. 



A- 13 



Appendix A 



Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1988 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1988 are listed below alphabetically, together with their Identification codes as used In each of 
the 15 individual sections of this report) 

Identi- 
fication Telephone 
Code Name of company number Office address 



PRA 
PAH 
PD 

PSC 
PAT 
CHP 
PEL 
PEN 
PAS 
WTL 
PAR 
BPT 
PST 
PST 
PFN 

PCW 
PFZ 

PHR 

PLB 

PDI 

PPX 
PLC 
PPR 
PHC 

PCI 
PIC 

PIL 

PKL 
PSL 

PLS 

PMC 

PTC 
PLR 
PRT 
JLP 
PCH 

PG 

PRC 

CP 



EiVIR 



TCH 
USi 



Para-Chem. Southern Inc 803-967-7691 

Parish Chemical Co 801-226-2018 

Parl<e-Davis Div., of Warner Lambert 616-392-2375 

Inc 

Passaic Color & Chemical Co 201-279-0400 

Pat-Chem, Inc 803-233-3941 

C. H. Patrick & Co., Inc 803-244-4831 

Pelron Corp 312-442-9100 

Penick Corp 201-621-2804 

Pennwait Corp 215-587-7000 

Lucidol Div 716-877-1740 

Penreco, Pennzoii Products Co., Div .... 713-337-1534 

Permuthane Coating, Inc 617-531-1880 

Perstorp Compounds, Inc 413-584-2472 

Perstorp Polyols, Inc 419-729-5448 

Pfanstlehl Laboratories, Inc 312-623-0370 

Pfister Chemical, Inc 201-945-5400 

Pfizer, Inc 212-573-2323 

Pfizer Pharmaceuticals, Inc 809-846-4300 

Pharmachem Corp 215-867-4654 

Pharmacia P-L Biochemlcals, Inc 414-225-2600 

Phelps Dodge Industries, Inc 219-456-4444 

Phelps Dodge Magnet Wire Co. Div. 

Phillips Paraxylene, Inc 809-864-1515 

Phillips 66 Co 91 8-661 -6600 

Phillips Puerto Rico Core, Inc 809-864-1515 

Phthalchem, Inc 513-681-0099 

Piedmont Chemical Industries, Inc 919-885-5131 

Pierce Chemical Co 815-968-0747 

Pilot Chemical Co 213-723-0036 

Plaskollte, Inc 614-294-3281 

Plaslok Corp 71 6-681-7755 

Plastics Engineering Co 414-458-2121 

Plastics Manufacturing Co 214-330-8671 

Polycast Technology Corp 203-327-6010 

Polysar, Inc Plastics Div 671-537-9901 

Pratt & Lambert, inc 716-873-6000 

J. L. Prescott Co 201-777-4200 

Prochem, inc 215-436-4812 

Procter & Gamble Co., Procter & 513-627-5194 

Gamble Mfg. Co. 

Products Research & Chemical Corp 818-240-2060 

Quaker Chemical Corp 215-828-4250 



Quantum Chemical Corp.: 
Quantum Chemical Corp. Emery Div 



212-919-5000 



Emery Div 803- 

USI Div 513- 



963-4031 
530-6580 



P.O. Box 127, Simpsonviiie, SC 29681. 
145 N. Geneva Rd., Orem, UT 84057. 
188 Howard Ave., Holland, Mi 49424. 

28-36 Paterson St., Paterson, NJ 07501. 
11 Worley Rd., Greenville SC 29602. 
P. O. 60x2526, Greenville, SC 29602. 
7847 W. 47th St., Lyons, IL 60534. 
158 Mount Olive Ave., Newark NJ 07714 
Three Parkway, Philadelphia, PA 19102. 
1740 Military Rd., Buffalo, NY 14240. 
4401 Park Ave., Dickinson, TX 77539. 
13 Corwin St., Peabody, MA 01960. 
238 Nonotuck St., Florence, MA 01060. 
600 Matzlnger Rd., Toledo, OH 43612. 
1219 Glen Rock Ave., Waukegan, 

IL 60085. 
Linden Ave., Rldgefleld, NJ 07657. 
235 E. 42nd St., New York, NY 10017. 
P. O. Box 628, Barceloneta, PR 00617. 
719 Stefko Blvd., P.O. Box 1035 

Bethlehem, PA 18016. 
2202 N. Bartlett Ave.. Milwaukee, 

Wl 53202. 
4300 New Haven Ave., Fort Wayne, 

IN 46803. 
P. O. Box 1166, Guayama, PR 00655. 
Phillips BIdg., Bartlesvllle, OK 74006. 
P. O. Box 1166, Guayama, PR 00655. 
266 W. Mitchell Ave., Cincinnati, 

OH 45232. 
331 Burton Ave., High Point, NC 27261. 
3747 N. Merldan Rd.. Rockford, 

IL 61103. 
11756 Burke St., Santa Fe Springs, 

CA 90670. 
P. O. Box 1497, Columbus, OH 43216. 
3155 Broadway, Buffalo, NY 14227. 
3518 Lakeshore Rd., Sheboygan, 

Wl 53081. 
2700 S. Westmoreland, Dallas, 

TX 75233. 
70 Carlisle PI., Stamford, CT 06902. 
29 Fuller St., Leominster, MA 01453. 
P.O. Box 22, Buffalo, NY 14240. 
27 8th St., Passaic, NJ 07055. 
116 Concord MTG. Road, Glen Mills, 

PA 19342. 
P. O. Box 599, Cincinnati, OH 45201. 

5430 San Fernando Rd., Glendale, 

CA 91209. 
Elm & Lee Sts., Conshohocken, 

PA 19428-0809. 

11501 NorthLake Dr., Cincinnati, 

OH 19134. 
P.O. Box 628, Mauidin, SC 29662. 
11500 Northlake Dr., Cincinnati, 

OH 45249. 



A-14 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1988 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1988 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in each of 
the 15 individual sections of this report) 

Identi- 
fication 
Code Name of company 



Telephone 
number 



Office address 



QUN K. J. Quinn & Co., inc 617-321-3200 

RSA R.S.A. Corp 914-693-1818 

RCN Racon, Inc 316-524-3245 

BLC Ranbar Technology, Inc., Ball 412-486-1111 

Chemical Co 

RAB Raytech Corp 203-371-0101 

RBI Reeves Brothers, Inc 803-576-1210 

REG Regis Chemical Co 312-967-6000 

RCI Relchhoid Chemicals, Inc 914-682-5700 

RIL Reilly Tar & Chemical Corp 317-638-7531 

RIL Reiliy-Whiteman Inc 21 5-423-5300 

REL Reliance Universal, Inc., Louisville 502-459-9110 

Resins Div 

REIVl Remington Arms Co. , Inc 302-774-1000 

ELP Rexene Products Co 214-450-9000 

RDA Rhone-Poulenc, inc 201-821-1000 

RCD Richardson Polymer Corp 203-245-0441 

AMS Ridgway Color Co 513-771-1900 

RIK Ril<er Laboratories, Inc. Sub. of.3M Co . . . 818-341-1300 

RIV Riverdale Chemical Co 312-754-3330 

ROB Robeco Chemicals, Inc 212-986-6410 

ORT Roehr Chemicals, Inc, Div. of Aceto 718-784-8473 

RH Rohm & Haas Co 215-592-3000 

ROM Roma Color, inc 617-676-3481 

RUC Rubicon, Inc 504-673-6141 

RUO Ruco Polymer Corp 516-931-8104 

NES Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co 814-238-2424 

SBP SBS Products Inc 517-799-4941 

SCM SCMCorp.: 

Glidco Organics 904-768-5800 

PCR, Inc 904-376-8246 

SOS SSC Industries, Inc 404-762-9651 

NPR Safeway Stores, Inc 415-944-4329 

STX St. Croix Petrochemical Corp 809-778-6450 

SLM Salem Oil & Grease Co 508-745-0585 

SAL Salsbury Laboratories, Inc 515-257-2422 

SBG Samuel Bingham Co 312-298-6777 

Sandoz Corp.: 

SCM Sandoz Chemical Corp 704-331-7016 

20C Sandoz Corp. Protection 312-699-1616 



135 Folly Mill Rd., Seabrook, NH 03874. 
690 Saw Mill River Rd., Ardsley, 

NY 10502. 
6040 S. Ridge Rd., Wichita, KS 67201. 
1114 William Flinn Highway, Glenshaw, 

PA 15116. 
1204 Darlington Ave., Crawfordsvllle, 

IN 47933. 
P. O. Box 1898, Spartanburg, SC 29304 
8210 Austin Ave., Morton Grove, 

IL 60053. 
525 N. Broadway, White Plains, 

NY 10603. 
151 N. Delaware St., 1510 

Market Square Center, 

Indianapolis, IN 46204. 
2600 E. Tioga St., Philadelphia, 

PA. 19134. 
P.O. Box 37510, Louisville, KY 40232. 

615 Asylum St., Bridgeport, 

CT 06601-2190. 
5005 LBJ Freeway Occidental Tower, 

Dallas TX 75244. 
CN 5266 Princeton, NJ 08543-5266. 
17 Woodland Rd., Madison, CT 06443. 
75 Front St., Cincinnati 45215 
19901 Nordhoff St., Northridge, 

CA 91324. 
220 E. 17th St., Chicago Heights, 

IL 60411. 
99 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 
52-20 37th St., Long Island City, 

NY 11101. 
Independence Mall West., Philadelphia, 

PA 19105. 
749 Quequechan St., Fall River, 

MA 02723. 

P. O. Box 517, Geismar, LA 70734. 
New South Rd., Hicksville, NY 11802. 
201 Struble Rd., State College, 

PA 16801. 
302 Waller St., Saginaw, Ml 48605. 

P.O. Box 389, Jacksonville, FL 32201 
P.O. Box 1466, Gainesville, FL 32609. 
1550 E. Taylor Ave., East Point, 

GA 30344. 
2800 Ygnaoio Valley Rd., Walnut Creek, 

CA 94598. 
P. O. Box 6801, Sunny Isle, St. Croix, 

U.S. VI 00823-6801. 
60 Grove St., Salem, MA 01970. 
2000 Rockford Rd., Charles City, 

lA 50616. 
479 Business Center Dr., Suite 109, 

Franklin Park, IL 60131. 

4000 Monroe Rd., Charlotte, NC 28205. 
1300 E. Touity Ave., Des Plaines, 
II 60018. 



A-15 



Appendix A 



Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicais alphabetlcai directory of manufacturers, by company, 1988 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1988 are listed below alphabetically, together with their Identification codes as used In each of 
the 15 Individual sections of this report) , 



Identi- 
fication 
Code Name of company 



Teieplione 
number 



Office address 



SCN 

SBC 
SCH 
SCO 
SPR 
SPA 
TXS 

SRL 
BRI 

SQA 
SKP 

SHO 
SHC 
SCO 

SHP 
SHX 

SW 
SW 

BAL 

SHT 

SMP 
UPF 
GFS 
SK 

SMO 
SIO 
SLT 
SLC 

SAC 



SOM 
SWR 

SPL 
ASL 
SOI 
IPP 
TRD 

sec 

STP 

SC 

SD 

SDW 

SD 

PPL 

CIN 

IRI 



Schenectady Chemicals, Inc 518-370-4200 

Scher Chemicals, Inc 201-471-1300 

Schering Corp 201-298-4000 

Scholler, Inc 215-739-0900 

Scientific Protein Laboratories 608-849-5944 

Scott Paper Co 215-521-5000 

Scott Polymers Inc 817-831-3541 

G. D. Searle & Co 312-982-7000 

Sedgefleld Specialities 919-379-2000 

Sequa Chemicals, Inc 803-385-5181 

Shakespeare Monofilament Dlv 803-754-7011 

Shell Oil Co 713-241-1242 

Shell Chemical Co 713-241-1242 

Shenango, Inc 412-771-4400 

Shepherd Chemical Co 513-731-1110 

Sherex Chemical Co. , Inc 614-764-6500 

The Sherwin-Williams Co.: 

Sherwin-Williams Co 216-566-2000 

Sherwin-Williams Co 216-566-2000 

Consumer Dlv 301 -625-8284 

Shintech, Inc 713-965-0713 

J. R. Simplot Co 208-336-2110 

Sloss Industries 205-254-7801 

G. Frederick Smith Chemical Co 614-881-5501 

SmIthKllne Beckman Corp 215-751-4000 

Smooth-On, Inc 201-647-5800 

Sohio Oil Co 419-226-2300 

Soltex Polymer Corp 713-522-1781 

Soluol Chemical Co., Inc 401-821-8100 

Southeastern Adheslves Co 704-754-3493 

Southland Corp.; 

Great Meadows Dlv 214-828-701 1 

Southwestern Refining Co. , Inc 512-884-8863 

Spaulding Composites Co 716-692-2000 

SpeclaltyChem Products Corp 715-735-9033 

Specialty Organics, Inc 818-962-2008 

Spectrachem Corp 201-595-8181 

Squibb Manufacturing, Inc 809-852-1255 

Standard Chlorine of Delaware, Inc 201-997-1700 

Stepan Co 312-446-7500 

Sterling Chemicals, inc 409-942-3360 

Sterling Drug, Inc 212-907-2000 

Sterling Organics Dlv 212-907-2000 

Sterling Pharmaceuticals, Inc 212-907-2000 

Sterling Engineered Products 207-784-91 1 1 

Stockhausen, Inc 919-378-9393 

Stuart-Ironsides, Inc 312-655-4595 



P. O. Box 1046, Schenectady, 

NY 12306. 
Industrial West, Clifton, N J 07012. 
1011 Morris Ave., Union, NJ 07083. 
P. O. 80x26968, Philadelphia, PA 19134. 
700 E. Main St., Waunakee, Wl 53597. 
P. O. Box 925, Everett, WA 98206. 
3607 N. Sylvania Ave., Fort Worth, 

TX 76111. 
5200 Old Orchard Rd., Skokle, IL 60077. 
3330 W. Friendly Ave., Greensboro, 

NC. 27406. 
P.O. Box 70, Chester, SC 29706. 
6111 Shakespeare Rd., Columbia, 

SC 29240. 
P. O. Box 3105, Houston, TX 77002. 
P. O. Box 3105, Houston, TX 77002. 
200 Neville Rd., Pittsburgh, 

PA 15225-1690. 
4900 Beech St., Cincinnati, OH 45212. 
5777 Frantz Rd., Dublin, OH 43017. 

11541 S. Champlain, Chicago, IL 60628. 

2802 W. Miller Rd., Garland TX 75041. 
2325 Hollins Ferry Rd., Baltimore, 

MD 21230. 
24 Greenway Plaza, Suite 811, Houston, 

TX 77046. 
P.O. Box 912 Pocatello, ID 83204. 
P.O. Box 5327 Birmingham, AL 35207. 
P. O. Box 23214, Columbus, OH 43223. 
One Franklin Piaza, Phlldelphia, 

PA 19101. 
1000 Valley Rd., Gillette, NJ 07933. 
1150 S. Metcalf St., Lima, OH 45804. 
P. O. Box 1000, Deer Park, TX 77536. 
Green Hill & Market Sts., W. Warwick, 

Rl 02893. 
815 D Virginia St., SW., Lenoir, 

NC 28645. 

Alphano Rd., Great Meadows, NJ 07838. 
P. O. Box 9217, Corpus Christi, 

TX 78469. 
310 Wheeler St., Tonawanda, NY 14150. 
2 Stanton St., Marinette, Wl 54143. 
5623 N. 4th St., Irwlndale, CA 91706. 

200 Sheridan Ave., Paterson, NJ 07512. 
P. O. Box 609, Humacao, PR 00661. 
1035 Belleviiie Turnpike, Kearny, 

NJ 07032. 
RR#1, Eiwood, IL 60421 and 100 W. 
Henter Ave., May wood, NJ 07607. 

201 Bay St. South, Texas City, 
TX 77592-1311. 

2144 E. State St., Trenton, NJ 08619. 
90 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 
P. O. Box 11247, Barcelonlta, PR 00617. 
1 Pionlte Road, Auburn, ME 04210. 
2408 Doyle St., Greensboro, NC 27406. 
7575 Plaza Court Willowbrook, IL 60521 



A-16 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 

Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1988 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. international 
Trade Commission for 1988 are listed below alphabetically, together with their Identification codes as used In each of 
the 15 individual sections of this report) ] 

Identi- 
fication Telephone 
Code Name of company number Office address 

SNA Sun Chemical Corp., Pigments DIv 212-986-5500 411 Sun Ave., Cincinnati, OH 45232. 

SUN Sun Company, Inc 215-977-6358 1801 Market St. , Philadelphia, PA 19103. 

RAS Surface Coatings, Inc 617-933-4200 100 Eames St. , Wiimlngon, MA 01887. 

JSC & Sybron Chemical, Inc 609-893-1100 P.O. Box 66, Birmingham Rd., 

TCC Birmingham, NJ 08011. 

INP Synair Corp 615-698-8801 2003 Amnicola Hwy. , Chattanooga, 

TN 37406. 

BUC Synalloy Corp., Blackman Uhler 803-585-3661 P. O. Box 5627, Spartanburg, SC 29304. 

Chemical DIv. 
SRY Synray Corp 201-245-2600 209 N. Michigan Ave. , Kenllworth, 

NJ 07033. 

HFT Syntex Agribusiness, Inc 417-866-7291 P. O. Box 1246, Springfield, MO 65801 . 

SYP Synthetic Products Co., DIv of Plastic 216-531-6010 1000 Wayside Rd. , Cleveland, OH 44110. 

Specialties & Technology 

SYT Synthron, Inc 704-437-8611 P. O. Box 1111 , Morganton, NC 28655. 

TEK Teknor Apex Co 401-725-8000 505 Central Ave. , Pawtucket, Rl 02861 . 

TLI Teledyne Industries, inc., Teiedyne 408-637-3731 3601 Union Rd., Hoiiister, 

CA 95024-0006. 
McCormick Selph 
TOC Tenneco Oil Co Processing & Marketing . . . 713-757-3373 P. O. Box 2511, Houston, TX 77001. 

TEN Tennessee Chemical Co 615-496-3331 1 Ocoee St. , Copperhill, TN 37317. 

TVA Tennessee Valley Authority, NFDC, 

TVA, OACD, DIv. of 

Developmental Production 205-386-3522 Muscle Shoals, AL 35660. 

TU Tenn-USS Chemicals Co 713-884-4400 4403 LaPorte Hwy, Pasadena, TX 77501 . 

TER Terra International, Inc 712-277-1340 Terra Centre, 600 - 4th St. , Sioux City, 

lA 51101. 
TER Terra Nitrogen, Inc 712-277-1340 Terra Centre, 600 - 4th St., Sioux City, 

lA 51101. 

TX Texaco, Inc., Texaco Chemical Co 713-432-3734 4800 Fournace Place, Beilalre, TX 77401. 

TSA Texas Alkyls, Inc 713-479-8411 P. O. Box 600, Deer Park, TX 77536. 

TCR Texas City Refining, inc 409-945-4451 P. O. Box 1271 , Texas City, TX 77592. 

TPC Texas Petrochemicals Corp 713-477-921 1 8600 Park Place Blvd. , Houston, 

TX 77017. 

TWD Tonawanda Coke Corp 716-876-6222 P.O. Box A-500 Tonawanda, NY 14151 

TRI Triad Chemical 504-473-9231 P. O. Box 310, Donaldsonvllle, LA 70346. 

TRC Trimont Chemical 401-333-4100 1224 Mendon Rd. , Cumberland, Rl 02864 

TRO Troy Chemical Co 201-589-2500 One Avenue L, Newark, N J 07105. 

TUL Tuii Chemical Co., Inc 205-831-1154 P. O. Box 3246, Oxford, AL 36203. 

TLC Twin Lake Chemical, Inc 716-433-3824 520 Mill St. , Lockport, NY 14094. 

UPM UOP, Inc 312-391-2000 25 E. Aigonguin Road, Des Plaines, 

IL 60017-5017. 
UHL Paul Uhlloh & Co. , Inc 914-478-2000 1 Railroad Ave. , Hastings-on-Hudson, 

NY 10706. 
UNG Ungerer & Co 201-628-0600 4 Bridgewater Lane, Lincoln Park, 

NJ 07035. 

DRL Unlchema Chemical, Inc 201-327-6100 4650 S. Racine Ave. , Chicago, IL 60609. 

WTH Union Camp Corp 201-628-9000 875 Harger Street Dover, OH 44622. 

NCI Terpene & Aromatics DIv 201-628-2000 P. O. Box 37617, Jacksonville, FL 32236. 

UCC Union Carbide Corp 203-794-3113 P.O. Box 8361 , S. Charleston, 

WVA 25303. 
UOC Union Oil Co. of California 213-977-7746 1201 W. Fifth St. , Los Angeles, 

CA 90017. 
UTP Union Texas Products Corp 713-968-2366 1330 Post Oak Blvd. Houston 

TX 77252-2120. 
USR Uniroyal Chemical Co. , DIv 203-573-3886 World Headquarters, Middlebury, 

CT 06749 

UNN United Aniline Co 617-762-4057 Endlcott St. , Norwood, MA 02062. 

UNO United Erie, inc 814-456-7561 438 Huron St. , Erie, PA 16502. 



A- 17 



Appendix A 

Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicais alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1988 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. international 

Trade Commission for 1988 are listed below alphabetically, together with their Identification codes as used in each of 

the 15 Individual sections of this report) , 

Identi- 
fication Telephone 
Code Name of company number Office address 

USB U.S. Borax & Chemical Corp., U.S 213-251-5600 3075 Wllshire Blvd., Los Angeles, 

Borax Research Corp CA 90010. 

USX U.S. Steel, Div. Of USX: 

Ciairton Plant 412-433-5425 600 Grant St. , Pittsburgh, PA 15230. 

Gary Works 219-888-4794 600 Grant St. , Pittsburgh, PA 15230. 

UTC Unltex Chemical Corp 919-378-0965 520 Broome Rd. Greensboro, N.C 27405. 

UPJ The Upjohn Co 616-323-4000 7000 Portage Rd. , Kalamazoo, Mi 49001 

CWN Fine Chemicals 203-281-2722 410 Sackett Point Rd. , North Haven, 

CT 06473. 

VSV Valentine Sugars, inc 504-532-2541 Rt 2, Box 625, Lockport, LA 70374. 

VLR Valero Refining Co 512-246-2000 530 McCullough, San Antonio, TX 78215. 

VCM Vanchem, inc 716-434-2624 1 N. Transit Rd. , Lockport, NY 14094. 

VDM Van De IVIark Chemical Co., Inc 716-433-6764 1 N. Transit Rd., Lockport, NY 14094. 

VNC Vanderbilt Chemical Corp 203-744-3900 31 Taylor Ave. , Bethel, CT 06801 

203-853-1400 and Rt. #2, Box 54, Murray, KY 42071. 

VND Van Dyk, Div. of Malllnckrodt, inc 201-450-3206 Main & William Sts., Belleville, NJ 07109. 

VEL Velsicoi Chemical Corp 312-698-9700 5600 N. River Rd., Rosemont, IL 60018. 

VIK Viking Chemical Co 612-333-0394 838 Baker Bldg. , Minneapolis, MN 55402. 

VIN Vineiand Chemical Co. , inc 609-691-3535 W. Wheat Rd. , Vineland, NJ 08360. 

VCC Vinings industries, inc 404-436-1542 3950 Cumberland Pkwy. , Atlanta, 

GA 30339. 

VKR Virkier Co 704-527-2350 1022 Pressiey Rd. , Charlotte, NC 28210. 

VST Vista Chemical Co 713-531-3200 15990 N. Barker's Landing Rd. , 

Houston, TX 77224. 

VTM Vitamins, inc 312-861-0700 200 E. Randolph Dr. , Chicago, IL 60601 . 

FRO Vulcan Materials Co., Chemicais Div 205-877-3000 P. O. Box 7689, Birmingham, AL 35233. 

VYN Vygen Corporation 216-998-1120 Middle Road, Ashtabula, OH 44004. 

SWS Wacker Silicones Corp 517-263-5711 3301 Sutton Rd. , Adrian, Mi 49221. 

WJ Warner-Jenkinson 314-889-7600 2526 Baldwin St. , St. Louis, MO 63106. 

WES Wesley Industries, inc 205-626-2040 P.O. Box 490, Montrose, AL 36559. 

WCA West Coast Adhesives Co 503-286-3515 11104 NW Front Ave., Portland, 

OR 97231. 

GCC Western Branch Holding Co 212-819-5500 P.O. Box 27147 Memphis TN 38127. 

EW Westlnghouse Electric Corp 412-864-7960 Route 993, Manor, PA 15665. 

Insulating Materials Div 

WPG WestPoint Peppereii, inc 404-645-4753 1900 Cunningham Dr. , Opeilka, 

Grifftex Chemical Co. Sub. AL 36801. 

WVA Westvaco Corp 212-668-5000 P. O. Box 70848, Charleston Heights, 

SC 29415. 
WRD Weyerhauser Co 715-384-2141 118 S, Palmetto Ave., Marshfield, 

Wl 54449. 
WPS Wheeling-Pittsburgh Steel Corp 304-234-2439 1134 Market Square Wheeling, 

WVA 26003. 
WCC White Chemical Corp 201-621-4100 660 Frelinghuy sen Ave. , Newark, 

NJ 07114. 

WTK Whittaker Corp., Helco Chemicals Div 717-476-0353 Rt. 611 , Delaware Water Gap, PA 18327. 

WHW Whittmore-Wright Co. , inc 617-242-1 180 62 Alford St. , Boston, MA 02129. 

CHN Wii-Gro Fertilizer, inc 918-825-3383 P.O. Box 429, Pryor, OK 74362. 

WLM Wilmington Chemical Corp 302-658-3515 Pyies Lane, Wilmington, DE 19899. 

WTC Witco Corp 201-573-2800 155 Tice Blvd. , Woodciiff Lake, 

NJ 07675. 

WCL Wright Corp 919-251-0234 102 Orange, Wilmington, NC 28403. 

WYK Wyckoff Chemical Co. , Ino 616-637-8474 1421 Kalamazoo St. , S. Haven, 

Ml 49090. 

WYC Wycon Chemical Co 307-637-2700 P. O. Box 1287, Cheyenne, WY 82003. 

WYT Wyeth Laboratories, inc., Wyeth 215-341-3867 P.O. Box 13745, Philadelphia, 

Laboratories Div. of American Home PA 19101-3745. 

Products Corp 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



A-18 



APPENDIX B 

CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES; 

GLOSSARY OF SYNONYMOUS NAMES 



Appendix B 

Table B-1 

Cyclic Intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names 



Common name St andard (chemical abstracts) name 

p^ agl(j 3,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonlc add. 

Acetyl-p-p'henylenedia'mine '. 4'-Aminoacetanillde ^ , ,^ 

1 2 4-acid 4-Amino-3-hydroxy-1-naphthalenesulfonlc add 

' ' (1-Amlno-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic add) . 

Acid yellow 9 6-Amlno-3,4'-azodibenzenesulfonic add. 

p-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid Sulfanilic acid and salt. 

m-AminobenzoyI J acid 4-Hydroxy-7-(m-aminobenzamldo)- 

2-naphthalenesulfonic add. 

Aminoepsilon acid 8-Amlno-1 ,6-naphthalenedisulfonlc acid. 

Amino G acid 7-Amino-1 ,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

Amino J acid 6-Amlno-1 ,3-naphthaienedisulfonic acid. 

Amino R salt 3-Amlno-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

Aniline oil Aniline. 

Anthraflavic add 2,6-Dihydroxyanthraqulnone. 

Anthrarufin 1 ,5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone. 

Armstrong & Wynne's add 4-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonlc acid. 

B acid 5-Amlno-4-hydroxy-1 ,7-naphthalenedisulfonlc add. 

2B add 6-Amino-4-chloro-m-toluenesulfonic add. 

4B acid 6-Amino-m-toiuenesulfonic add. 

Banzai chloride a,a-Dichiorotoluene. 

Benzanthrone 7H-Benz[de]anthracen-7-one. 

Benzotrichloride a,a,a-Trlchlorotoiuene. 

Bisphend A 4,4'-lsopropylidenediphend. 

B.O.N 3-Hydroxy-2-naphtholc acid. 

Broenner's acid 6-Amino-2-naphthalenesuifonlc acid. 

Bromamine acid .'. 1-Amino-4-bromo-2-anthraqulnonesulfonic acid. 

Bromobenzanthrone 3-Bromo-7H-benz[de]anthracen-7-one. 

C acid 3-Amino-1 ,5-naphthalenedisulfonlc add. 

C.A. acid 3-Amino-6-chioro-4-sulfobenzoic add. 

C-Amine (Lal<e Red C acid) 2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonlc acid. 

Casselia acid 5-Hydroxy-1-naphthalenesulfonlc acid. 

Chicago Acid (SS acid 4-Amlno-5-hydroxy-1 ,3-naphthalenedlsulfonic acid. 

Chlorobenzanthrone Chloro-7H-benz[de]anthracen-7-one. 

Chromotropic acid 4,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

Chrysazin 1 ,8-Dihydroxyanthraqulnone. 

1 ,6-Cleve's acid 5-Amlno-2-naphthalenesulfonlc add. 

1 J-Cleve's acid 8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonlc acid. 

Crocein acid 7-Hydroxy-1-naphthalenesulfonic add. 

2-Cyanopyridine Picolinonltrile. 

3-Cyanopyridine NIcotlnonltrile. 

Cyanuric chloride 2,4,6-Trichloro-s-triazlne. 

D acid 6-Amino-1-naphthaienesulfonic add. 

DADI DIanlsidine diisocyanate. 

DDB p-Dibutoxybenzene. 

Decacyclene Diacenaphtho[1 ,2-J:1 ' ,2'-l]fluoranthene. 

Dehydrothlo-p-toluldine 2-(p-Amlnophenyl)-8-methylbenzothiazole. 

Developer Z 3-Methyl-1-phenyi-2-pyrazolin-5-one. 

o-Dlanisidine 3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine. 

1,1'-Dianthrimide 1 ,1'-lminodianthraquinone. 

Dibenzanthrone VIolanthrone. 

Dichlone 2,3-Dichloro-1 ,4-naphthoquinone. 

4,4'-Dihydrocydiphenylsulfone 4,4'-Suifonyldiphenol. 

Dimethyl POPO 1 ,4-Bis [2- (4-methyl-5-phenyloxazolyl)] benzene. 

4,5-Dlnitrochrysazin 1 ,8-Dihydroxy-4,5-dinitroanthraqulnone. 

Dioxy S acid 4,5-Dihydroxy-1-naphthalenesulfonlc acid. 

DIphenyi epsilon aci 6,8-Dianiiino-1-naphthalenesulfonlc acid. 

Durene 1 ,2,4,5-Tetramethylbenzene. 

Epsilon acid (Andresen's acid) 8-Hydroxy-1 ,6-naphthaienedlsulfonic acid. 

F acid 7-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Fast Red G base 2-Nitro-p-toluidine [NH2=1] . 

Fast Scarlet R base 5-Nitro-o-anisidlne [NH2=1] . 

Fischer's aldehyde 1,3,3-Trlmethyl-w2,Q;-indollneacetaldehyde. 

Fischer's base 1 ,3,3-Trlmethyl-2-methyleneindoline. 

Freund's acid 4-Amino-2,7-naphthalenedlsulfonlc acid. 



B-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table B-1— Continued 

Cyclic Intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names 



Common name Standard (chemical abstracts) name 

Q salt 7-Hydroxy-1 ,3-napiithalenesulfonlc acid, sodium salt. 

Gamma acid 6-Amino-4-liydroxy-2-naplithalenesulfonlc acid, sodium salt. 

Gold salt 9,10-Diliydro-9,10-dioxo-1-antliracenesulfonic acid and salt. 

H acid 4-Amino-5-hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, 

(8-Amino-1-naphtliol-3,6-disulfonic acid). 
Hellimellitene 1 ,2,3-Trimethylbenzene, 

Indoxyi 3(2H)-lndolone. 

Isodurene 1 ,2,3,5-Tetramethylbenzene. 

J acid 7-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naplithalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt. 

J acid urea 7,7'-Ureylenebis[4-hydroxy-2-naplithalenesulfonlc acid] 

K acid 4-Amino-5-hiydroxy-1 ,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

Koch's acid '. 8-Amino-1 ,3,6-naphtlialenetrlsulfonic acid. 

L acid 5-Hydroxy-1-naphthalenesuifonic acid. 

Lake Red C amine 2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid. 

Laurent's acid 5-Amino-1-naplithalenesulfonic acid. 

M acid 8-Amlno-4-hydroxy-2-naplithalenesulfonic acid. 

MEP 5-Etliyl-2-picoline (2-Methyl-5-ethylpyrldine) . 

Mesitylene 1 ,3,5-Trimethylbenzene. 

Methiane base 4,4'-l\/letliylenebis[N,N-dimethylanllinel . 

IVIiciiler's hydrol 4,4'-Bis[dimethylamlno]benzhydrol. 

Micliler's l<etone 4,4'-Bisidimetliylamino]benzoplienone. 

MOCA 3,3'Dicliloro-4,4'-diaminodiplienylmethane. 

MVP 5-Vinyl-2-picoline. 

Naphthionic acid 4-Amino-1-naplithalenesulfonic acid. 

o-Naphthion!c acid 1 -Amino-2-naplithalenesulf onic acid. 

p-Naphthoi 2-Naphthiol, tech 

Naphthol AS 3-Hydroxy-2-naphthaniiide. 

a-Napthylamlne 1-Naphthylamine. 

Neville & Winther's acid 4-Hydroxy-1-naphthalenesulfonlc acid. 

m-NitrobenzoyI J acid 4-Hydroxy-7-(m-nitrobenzamido)-2-naphthaienesulfonic acid. 

Oxy Koch's acid 1-Naphthol-3,6,8-trisulfonic acid. 

Pentaanthrimide 1 ,4,5,8-Tetral<is(1-anthraquinonylamlno)anthraqulnone. 

Perl acid 8-Amino-1-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Phenylblphenyl Terphenyl. 

N-Phenyldiethanolamine 2,2'-[(Phenyi)imino]diethanol. 

Phenyl gamma acid 6-Aniliho-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonlc acid. 

Phenyl J acid 7-AniIino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Phenyl peri acid 8-Anilino-1-naphthalenesulfonlc acid. 

Picric acid 2,4,6-Trinitrophenol. 

POPO 1 ,4-Bis[2-(5-phenyloxazolyl)]benzene. 

Pseudooumene 1 ,2,4-Trimethylbenzene. 

Pyrazoleanthrone Anthra[1 ,9-cd]pyrazol-6(2H)-one. 

Pyrazoleanthrone yellow [3,3'-Bianthral[1 ,9-cd]pyrazole]-6,6'-(2H,2'H)dione. 

Pyrazolone T 5-Oxo-1-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid. 

Quinizarin 1 ,4-Dihydroxyanthraquinone. 

2-Qulnizarinsulfonlc acid -. 9,10-Dihydro-1 ,4-dihydroxy-9,10-dioxo-2- 

anthracenesulfonic acid. 
Quinoiine yellow base Quinophthalone. 

R salt 3-Hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisu!fonic acid, disodium salt. 

RG acid (Violet acid) 4-Hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

Rhoduline acid (J Acid Imide) 7,7'-lminobis[4-hydroxy-2-naphthaIenesulfonic acid] . 

RR acid 3-Amino-5-hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

S acid 4-Amino-5-hydroxy-1-naphthaienesulfonic acid. 

Schaffer's acid 6-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Silver salt 9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-2-anthrazenesulfonic acid and salt. 

Solvent Yellow 1 p-Phenylazoaniline and hydrochloride. 

Solvent Yellow 3 4-(o-TolyIazo)-o-toluidlne. 

SS acid (Chicago acid) 4-Amlno-5-hydroxy-1 ,3-naphthalenedlsulfonic acid. 

Sulfaniiic acid p-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid. 

o-Sulfobenzaldehyde o-Formyibenzenesulfonic acid. 



B-3 



Appendix B 

Table B-1— Continued 

Cyclic Intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names 



Common name Standard (chemical abstracts) name 

Tetralin 1 ,2,3,4-Tetrahydronaphthalene. 

Thiolndoxyl 3(2H)-Thianaplithenone. 

Thiosalicylic acid o-Mercaptobenzolc acid. 

Tobias acid 2-Amlno-1-naphtiialenesulfonlc acid. 

TODI Bitolylene dilsocyanate. 

o-Tolidine 3,3'-Dlmetliylbenzidine. 

a-Toluic acid Phenylacetic acid. 

a-Tolunitrile Phenylacetonitrile. 

4-m-Tolylenediamine Toluene-2,4-diamlne. 

Trimellitic anhydride 1 ,2,4-Benzenetricarboxylic acid, 1 ,2-anhydride. 

Trimetliyl base 1 ,3,3-Trlmethyi-2-methyleneindollne. 

Trinitropiienol Picric acid. 

Urea J acid (J acid urea) 7,7'-Ureylenebls[4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid] . 

Veratraideiiyde 3,4-Dlmetiioxybenzaldehyde. 

Veratrole o-Dimetl^oxybenzene. 

Vinyltoluene ar-Methylstyrene. 

Violet acid (RG acid) 4-Hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonlc acid. 



B-4 



APPENDIX C 
SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 
U.S. PRODUCTION AND SALES, 1988 



Appendix C 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, U.S. Production And Sales, 1988, 
Harmonized System Basis 

The following table contains 1988 U.S. production and sales data for synthetic 
organic chemicals in the 6-digit Harmonized System (HS) format. The Commission 
decided to compile such data in this format in response to the decision by the U.S. 
Bureau of the Census to publish Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) data which will 
be convertible to the HS beginning with the 1987 Census of Manufactures. The U.S. 
Bureau of the Census has historically referred to the Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United 
States Production and Sales (SOC) report in the chemicals section of the Census of 
Manufactures, which permits them to omit collecting synthetic organic chemicals 
production and shipments data from its respondents. Because of this situation, the SOC 
data will now also be compiled on an HS basis to provide comparablility with the new SIC 
format. 

The table provides production and sales data on a 6-digit HS basis only where 
publication would not violate the statutory provisions relating to unlawful disclosure of 
information accepted in confidence by the Commission. It includes only the 6-digit item 
numbers with publishable data from a number of HS chapters in which these chemicals 
are classified, but does not provide totals by chapter or overall total figures. 



C-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table C-1 

Synthetic organic chem 



Icals: U.S. production and sales, 1988, harmonized system basis 

Sales 



Production 



HS/ 

number Description 



Quantity 



Quantity 



Value 



Pounds 



151800 

220720 

290121 
290122 
290124 
290211 
290250 
290260 
290270 
290311 

290312 
290319 

290321 
290329 

290340 

290410 

290511 
290512 

290513 
290514 
290531 
290532 
290539 
290542 
290549 
290550 

290711 
290723 



290941 
290942 

290943 

290949 

290960 

291010 
291211 
291213 
291230 
201411 
291412 
291413 
291422 
291423 
291430 
291521 
291522 
291531 



Chemically modified fats and oils and their 

fractions (except those of heading 1516) 138,654,439 

Ethyl alcohol and other spirits, denatured, 

of any strength 561 ,777,818 

Ethylene 37,203,907,797 

Propene (Propylene) 21 ,223,882,459 

Buta-1 ,3-diene and isoprene 3,536,528,693 

Cyclohexane 2,296,732,194 

Styrene 8,986,054,509 

Ethylbenzene 21 ,720,625,678 

Cumene 4,454,525,312 

Chloromethane (Methyl chloride) and 

chloroethane (Ethyl chloride) 748,923,217 

Dichloromethane (Methylene chloride) 504,118,999 

Other saturated chlorinated derivs of acyclic 

hydrocarbons nspf 1 ,514,606,774 

Vinyl chloride (Chloroethylene) 9,057,557,198 

Other unsaturated chlorinated derivs of 

acyclic hydrocarbons nspf 

Halogenated derivs of acyclic hydrocarbons 

containing two or more different halogens 1 ,281 ,458,839 

Hydrocarbon derivs containing only sulfo 

groups, their salts and ethyl esters 1 ,108,503,696 

Methanol (Methyl alcohol) 8,142,388,050 

Propan-1-ol (Propyl alcohol) and 

propan-2-ol (Isopropyl alcohol) 1 ,604,551 ,018 

Butan-1-ol (n-Butyl alcohol) 1 ,854,125,841 

Other butanols nspf 1 ,403,171 ,921 

Ethylene glycol (Ethanediol) 5,517,250,226 

Propylene glycol (Propane-1 ,2-dlol) 840,460,300 

Other acyclic diols, nspf 2,678,665,769 

Pentaerythritoi 122,190,521 

Other acyclic polyhydric alcohols, nspf 1 ,068,457,077 

Halogenated, sulfonated, nitrated or nitrosated 

derivs of acyclic alcohols 

Phenol (Hydroxy benzene) and Its salts 3,561 ,310,625 

4,4'-isopropyiidenediphenoi (Blsphenoi A, 

Diphenylolpropane) and Its salts 1,340,167,118 

Other acyclic ethers, and their halo, sulfo, 

nitre or nitroso derivs 5,042,974,084 

2, 2'-Oxydiethanoi (DIethylene glycol, Digoi) 563,032,621 

Monomethyl ethers of ethylene glycol or 

of diethylene glycol 89,284,563 

Monobutyl ethers of ethylene glycol or of 

diethylene glycol 391 ,528,767 

Other ether-alcohols and their halo, sulfo, 

nitre or nitroso derivs nspf 595,080,739 

Alcohol-, ether- and ketone peroxides and 

their halo, sulfo, nitre or nitroso derivs 86,840,728 

Oxirane (Ethylene oxide) 5,952,699,341 

Methanal (Formaldehyde) 6,280,451 ,587 

Butanal (Butyraldehyde, normal isomer) 1 ,775,674,320 

Aldehyde-alcohols 4,204,829 

Acetone 2,302,846,617 

Butanone (Methyl ethyl ketone) 482,027,800 

4-Methylpentan-2-one (Methyl isobutyl ketone) .. 205,312,587 

Cyciohexanone and methyicyclohexanones 1 ,057,281 ,430 

lonones and methyiionones 1 ,404,245 

Aromatic ketones without other oxygen function . . 4,993,047 

Acetic acid 3,159,457,529 

Sodium acetate 49,178,184 

Ethyl acetate 254,348,403 



Pounds 

134,465,792 

437,697,370 

14,553,625,014 

13,356,175,552 

3,158,886,783 

2,129,326,194 

3,784,920,168 

253,017,233 

2,792,735,171 

312,163,128 
515,717,680 

1,486,712,986 
3,951,461,680 

129,592,000 

1,095,201,919 

389,690,188 
3,690,341,898 

1,235,336,697 
576,523,078 
184,023,942 

4,406,674,907 
742,898,740 

1,886,563,284 
109,759,170 

1,047,477,545 

7,174,577 
1,575,111,167 

422,221,000 

4,599,970,116 
464,241,634 

81,435,212 

350,531,036 

504,691,565 

48,838,030 

647,723,371 

1,691,683,070 

59,852,650 

2,260,084 

1,526,583,166 

424,337,380 

158,713,847 

157,001,669 

947,593 



Dollars 

72,824,127 

133,672,997 
3,690,038,268 
2,196,937,319 

676,894,985 

404,722,520 

1,622,714,971 

73,117,745 

531,368,624 

54,620,970 
91,236,373 

368,129,130 
910,800,056 

63,881,663 

824,904,092 

189,463,412 
267,879,899 

244,268,472 

146,453,235 

42,306,356 

1,442,932,615 

211,714,780 

1,051,749,684 

63,726,376 

82,401,308 

11,374,858 
599,678,442 

230,301,000 

1,190,299,740 
166,318,175 

34,812,880 

139,840,785 

303,663,046 

56,660,744 

247,067,071 

144,045,994 

11,724,279 

13,056,388 

241,679,664 

166,627,546 

59,546,940 

75,462,556 

8,878,920 



783,753,019 



191,302,922 



131,912,527 
59,323,731 



C-3 



Appendix C 



Table C-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1988, harmonized system basis 



Sales 



HSI 

number Description 



Quantity 



Quantity 



Value 



Pounds 

291532 Vinyl acetate 2,561 ,433,647 

291533 n-Butyl acetate 192,845,313 

291534 Isobutyl acetate 83,418,847 

291539 Other esters of acetic acid nspf 230,256,928 

291570 Palmitic acid, stearic acid, their salts and 

esters 242,043,587 

291590 Other saturated acyc monocarboxylic acids, 

their anhydrides, halides, peroxides, peroxy- 

acids; halo, sulfo, nitro, nitroso derivs nspf .... 882,424,122 

291615 Oleic, linolelc or linolenic acids, their salts 

and esters 121,102,512 

291619 Other unsaturated acyc monocarboxylic acids, 

their anhydrides, halides, peroxides, 

peroxy acids nspf; halo, sulfo, nitro, nitroso 

deriv 81 ,733,450 

291620 Cyclanic, cyclenic or cycloterpenic 

monocarboxylic acids, their anhydrides, 

halides, peroxides, peroxyacids and their derivs 89,681,838 

291631 Benzoic acid, its salts and esters 151 ,955,205 

291639 Other aromatic monocarboxylic acids, their 

anhydrides halides, peroxides, peroxyacids and 

their derivs nspf 42,777,574 

291719 Other acyc. polycarboxylic acids, their 

anhydrides, halides, peroxides, peroxyacids 

nspf; halo, sulfo, nitro or nitroso derivs 646,140,652 

291732 Dioctyl orthophthalates 344,267,839 

291735 Phthalic anhydride 998,514,730 

291739 Other aromatic polycarboxylic acids, their 

anhydrides halides, peroxides, peroxyacids nspf 

and their derivs 4,589,427,585 

291819 Other carbox. acids w/add alcohol function 

only, anhydrides, halides, peroxides, 

peroxyacids nspf; halo, sulfo, nitro, nitroso 

derivs 23,667,124 

291822 O-Acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin), Its salts and 

esters 23,693,107 

291829 Other carboxyllc acids w/add phenol funct only, 

anhydrides, halides, peroxides, peroxyacids 

nspf; halo, sulfo, nitro, nitroso derivs 4,415,032 

291830 Other carboxyllc acids v\/ith add aldehyde or 

l<etone function only, anhydrides, halides, 

peroxides, peroxyacids nspf; halo, etc. 

derivs 964,575,563 

291890 Other carboxyllc acids w^/add oxygen function, 
anhydrides, halides, peroxides, peroyacids nspf; 

haiosulfo, nitro, nitroso derivs 117,613,553 

291900 Phosphoric esters and their salts, inci. 

lactophosphates; their halo, sulfo, nitro, 

nitroso derivs 162,681,638 

292010 Thlophosphorlc esters (phosphorothloates) , their 

salts; their halo, sulfo, nitro, nitroso derivs .... 108,430,036 

292090 Other esters of inorg. acids (excl. esters of 

hydrogen halides) nspf, their salts; halo, sulfo, 

nitro, nitroso derivs 226,889,100 

292119 Other acyclic monoamines and their derivs nspf; 

salts thereof 270,599,316 

292129 Other acyclic polyamines and their derivs nspf; 

thereof 170,218,922 

292130 Cyclanic, cyclenic, cycloterpenic mono- or 

polyaminesand their derivs; salts thereof 37,847,022 

292141 Aniline and its salts 1 ,029,188,988 

292211 Monoethanolamlne and Its salt 208,113,809 

292212 Diethanolamine and its salts 184,588,355 

292213 Trlethanolamine and its salts 212,572,379 

292219 Other amino-alcohols nspf, their ethers and 

esters, containing only one i<lnd of oxygen 

function; salts thereo 120,895,104 

292229 Other amino-naphthols and amlno-phenois nspf, 
thelrethers, esters, containing only one kind of 
oxygen function; salts thereof 1 1 ,801 ,099 



Pounds 

1,184,161,902 

159,826,736 

55,435,717 

198,530,309 

220,024,874 
347,132,133 



104,829,291 



80,640,888 
90,939,518 



36,642,143 



495,873,922 
352,576,046 
575,017,690 



1,433,876,628 



29,831,418 



90,048,567 

137,582,273 
78,815,367 

145,370,549 
241,903,075 

133,978,622 

34,589,160 
677,900,181 
138,032,210 
153,107,300 
185,065,236 

100,196,524 



Dollars 

439,093,727 

59,242,439 

17,849,794 

129,157,818 

159,306,365 
235,499,751 



48,699,825 



121,568,856 
44,669,979 



148,687,502 



288,026,174 
141,617,490 
167,669,299 



554,696,986 



27,957,208 



179,994,596 

150,482,772 
155,142,372 

141,424,118 
164,950,145 

138,525,594 

51,170,722 
182,154,277 
54,142,321 
59,453,398 
79,348,418 

118,411,147 



C-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



Table C-1— Continued 
Synthetic organic chemicals: 



HSI 

number Description 



U.S. production and sales, 1988, harmonized system basis 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Quantity 



Pounds 



Pounds 



Dollars 



292230 Amino-aldehydes, amino-ketones and amino- 
quinones, containing only one kind of oxygen 
function; salts thereof 169,775 

292249 Other amino-aoids nspf and their esters, 

containing only one kind of oxygen function; 
salts thereof 100,258,929 

292250 Amino-aicohoi-phenols, amlno-acid-phenois and 

other amino-compounds with oxygen function . . 62,884,927 

292390 Other quaternary ammonium salts and hydroxides 

nspf 62,056,091 

292421 Ureines and their derivs; salts thereof 36,009,978 

292519 Other imides nspf and their derivs; salts 

thereof 10,990,011 

292520 imlnes and their derivs; salts thereof 202,457,143 

292690 Other nitrile-function compounds nspf 5,082,767,837 

292700 Diazo-, azo-, or azoxy-compounds 

292800 Organic derivs of hydrazine or of hydroxylamine . . 1 ,304,498 

292910 isocyanates 1 ,764,651 ,758 

292990 Other compounds nspf with other nitrogen 

functions 157,896,878 

293020 Thiocarbamates and dithiocarbamates 102,951 ,61 1 

293090 Other organo-sulfur compounds nspf 832,189,269 

293100 Other organo-inorganic compounds 591 ,499,766 

29321 1 Tetrahydrofuran 93,804,295 

293229 Other lactones nspf with oxygen hetero-atom(s) 

only 112,503,862 

293339 Other heterocyclic cmpds with nitrogen hetero- 

atom(s) only nspf, with unfused pyridine ring 

(hydrogenatedor not) in structure 115,595,121 

293359 Heterocyc cmpds w/nitrogen hetero-atom(s) 

only, pyrimidlne (hydrogenated or not) or 

piperazlne ring in struct; nucleic acids, salts . . . 29,937,475 

293369 Other heterocyc cmpds w/nitrogen hetero- 

atom(s) only nspf, with unfused triazine ring 

(hydrogenated or not) in the structure 404,063,138 

293371 6-Hexanelactam (epsilon-Caproiactam) 1 ,261 ,264,500 

293390 Other heterocyclic compounds with nitrogen 

hetero atom(s) only nspf 561 ,253,991 

293420 Heterocyclic compounds containing a 

benzothiazoie ring-system (hydrogenated or 

not), not further fused 107,953,125 

293490 Other heterocyclic compounds nspf 1 13,401 ,867 

320411 Disperse dyes and preparations based thereon .. . 30,064,000 

320412 Acid dyes, premetailized or not, mordant dyes 

and preparations based thereon 17,779,000 

320413 Basic dyes and preparations based thereon 13,846,000 

320414 Direct dyes and preparations based thereon 41 ,616,000 

320419 Other synth. organic coloring matter nspf and 

preparations based thereon, inci mixtures of 

items of subheadings 3204.11 thru 3204.19 49,501,018 

320420 Fluorescent brightening agents 77,381 ,000 

380610 Rosin 167,195,752 

380630 Ester gums 157,895,911 

381230 Antioxidlzing preps and compound stabilizers for 

rubber or plastics 50,499,813 

381590 Reaction initiators, reaction accelerators, and 

catalytic preps, nspf 76,766,375 

390110 Polyethylene having a specific gravity of less 

than 0.94 9,779,232,283 

390120 Polyethylene having a specific gravity of 0.94 

or more 8,915,094,805 

390210 Polypropylene 7,256,768,000 

390311 Polystyrene, expandable 551 ,150,393 

390319 Polystyrene, other than expandable 5,245,970,156 



71,276,002 

22,837,303 

47,599,838 
28,450,397 

8,248,198 

147,451,138 

1,860,319,319 

16,774,840 



106,126,366 

62,270,504 

59,336,616 
98,118,634 

25,523,443 
113,118,077 
872,778,247 

62,838,749 



1,471,400,708 1,306,770,212 



51,169,468 

85,786,604 

365,301,614 

178,382,395 



24,675,210 

86,138,883 

17,096,245 

190,688,043 
367,583,340 

618,025,346 

62,866,761 
69,976,347 
21,874,000 

15,372,000 
12,591,000 
40,053,000 

42,111,274 

69,813,000 

135,165,799 

151,253,469 

37,183,412 

15,056,807 

9,013,356,207 

8,681,505,152 

5,896,665,000 

554,639,629 

4,206,629,410 



38,641,971 

187,239,586 

403,898,318 

1,053,198,175 



78,650,783 

573,390,015 

100,869,251 

524,208,636 
234,494,953 

269,867,446 

149,896,229 

293,754,819 

99,689,000 

75,338,000 
72,575,000 
98,134,000 

152,112,750 

102,062,000 

49,516,785 

107,533,524 

59,171,524 

36,710,873 

4,461,043,828 

4,084.365,735 

2,819,374,000 

370,750,263 

2,511,599,002 



C-5 



Appendix C 



Synthetic organic chemicals: 


U.S. production and sales, 1988, harmonized system basis 




HSI 

number Description 


Production Sales 
Quantity Quantity 


Value 



390330 Acrylonltrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) 

copolymers 

390390 Other polymers of styrene nspf, In primary 

forms 

390410 PolyvlntI chloride, not mixed with any other 

substances 

390461 Poiytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) 

390511 Polymers of vinyl acetate In aqueous dispersion 
390590 Polymers of vinyl esters nspf, In primary forms; 

other vinyl polymers nspf, in primary forms . . 

390730 Epoxide resins 

390750 All<yd resins 

390791 Other polyesters nspf, unsaturated, In primary 

forms 

390799 Other polyesters nspf, saturated. In primary 

forms 

390810 Polyamlde-6, -11, -12, -6,6, -6,9, -6,10 or 

-6,12 (nylon type) 

390910 Urea resins; thiourea resins 

390920 Melamine resins 

390940 Phenolic resins 

390950 Polyurethanes 



1,929,284,427 

1,218,465,735 

8,588,205,000 

18,095,300 

675,099,114 



788,170,000 
943,506,512 
760,215,721 

1,526,896,732 

734,084,628 

3,031,086,000 
2,501,953,000 

252,628,000 
1,681,318,000 

273,029,216 



1,860,178,304 

1,051,787,934 

7,798,405,000 

24,604,289 

650,203,029 

672,227,841 
690,129,633 
505,122,657 

1,451,234,521 

588,313,268 



2,193,507,427 
214,052,000 

1,163,568,000 
204,071,591 



Dollars 

1,713,024,939 

1,328,218,368 

3,224,604,000 
141,645,097 
355,506,001 

466,754,223 
799,388,805 
297,306,357 

873,099,482 

724,854,920 



249,766,561 
192,428,000 
773,490,000 
324,167,764 



C-6 



APPENDIX D 
ALPHABETICAL CHEMICAL INDEX 



Appendix D 

Alphabetical Chemical Index 

The alphabetical index of chemicals contained in this appendix table is an 
outgrowth of the processing of data by the U.S. International Trade Commission for its 
annual report, Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales. This 
index will aid those who have an interest in the report, either as users of the published 
data or as suppliers of individual company data to the Commission, principally by showing 
the section number and line item number of specific chemicals. This information can be 
used to assist in locating a chemical in the report and to provide respondents to the 
Commission's questionnaire with information on where to list their production and sales 
data. The index shows only those chemicals for which production or sales were reported 
to the Commission for this edition of the report. 

The index, initially designed for Commission use in computer processing of data 
for the annual report, has certain characteristics that should be noted to increase its 
usefulness. For example, superior headings for individual entries are not shown in the 
index. Thus, understanding the contents of the first item in the index, "accelerators, 
activators, and vulcanizing agents, acyclic, other," necessitates that the index user turn to 
the individual section (in the report) and item number (in the questionnaire) to find those 
acyclic accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents already specified. Similarly, the 
index entry "specific gravity 0.940 and below" does not by itself identify the chemical 
product. The index user will need to turn to the indicated section number and item 
number to determine the chemical referred to— in this case, polyethylene. 

The chemical names used in this report and in the questionnaires sent to U.S. 
producers to obtain the data aggregated in the report are listed alphabetically in the first 
column of each listing in the index. The second column refers to the section in the report 
and questionnaire containing the chemical, and the third column shows the appropriate 
item number in that section in the questionnaire. 



D-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



orM.*ooooooor^ooooocooo.-'<toooooooot^050T-uococni^CD^gjooooooggoooooo>oo 

i^2^iiiiii§ii§iiss?i?is§§gs§§§?i2^i2-»^j^s^5gi§§§§§§§§s§§§§i 






CJC>J(NCMC>J»-»-»-^'-»- 



'-'- '-CM 
U O O u 



CO eg (0 eg 

u o o u 
<<<< 



3°''" 

O <D <1> 

ra 3 3 

oo o 
<<< 



lomo'-t^-c 



^333 
mcQfflcD 

2222 
'o o o "o 
<<<< 



>cn'.-T-'- 
a> (D (D 0) 

fficamcQ 

2222 
o o o "o 
<<<< 



CO as 05 cvj oj CO >, 



'-COCO'- 

co ojcncvj 

CMCVJCMCO 
0) <D C O 

mmmcQ 

■"^222 
■5 o 'o 'o 
<<<< 



«TfC3)0(DI^OO'!rLnCDCD(000 



•■a-o OJ^^ 

OJCO >, 
COCTO C C 

mil 

22222 
o 'o 'o o 'o 
<<<<< 



c c c 
5 S 5 

000 

mmm 

'o "o 
<<< 



r^oO'-iococnr^OT^o) O) 
— cDco>. 

CM-a-TJ'- 
c c c c 
5 5 S <" 

o o o £ 



OT'-'-T- 
C C C C 

5555 



0000 
mcQcam 

■^■"322 
"5 'o o o 
<<<< 



c c c 
55 5 

000 



c: c c I 
555 

000 



(DCO 

O ■* O •V C7) T- CVJ 

in >,r>» oot-csioxocot-'- 

^^"O {Q <D (O O O O O Q> 
C I- D)0>0)C3)D)0)D>D)0> 



CO cam 
■g-oTj 

<<< 



CD cam 

■"22 
o 'o "o 
<<< 



■°22'° 
■5 o o o 
<<<< 



0) (U 0} 

boa 

o "o o 
<<< 



(U 



a>g)n3cQ(Ocan)concuni 

o 016 66066600 

■g5"o-o5T3"g252'g 
o oo'o oo'o o o o'o 
<<<<<<<<<<< 



0000000000 
0000000000 
ooogco^ooocno 



T- r~co 



o> OS u> tr> r^ r^ 00 in CO CM m lo 

O 0'-'-000t-0»-»- '- 



oooooocoooo 000000 00 000 00 uoooor-ooinogooogco 

OOOOOOt-OOO 000000 OOOOOOOT S^HSSSSSJSSSSSSSS 

oooooKincioo mooooo <Doou>o^-(n cn-r-ininoom/oco'toocaqc) 

cnc7)c!t--^T^T-^T^incDCM T^cncD'-^t^cM oi-sj-iocoT^-r^T- oocDcogrvjmcpCTCpcncojT^^;^ 
5o"'^'^^^^coi- 00 ococDi-'-cn coco 

Sf »-CD OOCO CO-a-T- CMCM 



-T- T-OOOt-I-I- 



cor~r^i/>{o< 



(D o CO 



Q5 



{^< 



£ 0) >• 
>.£^ 
£ "^cS 

_ IT} (D a. 

- O <]> O CD (A 
l£"OTJT3T3 c 

! °i:^££ K 

I . <u 0) dJ CD i" 

y 2 2 2 2 _ 

(Q CQ CO (Q CO 

>> o> m <n a) CD 
'00000 
<<<<< 



l>-|o522S2 



^ — o 

o 

2"? 2 
_ o^ — ^o 

CO^"" (0 " 
ag <D " CD 

_2 o o o 
§Cco ^co 

SoEcdE 

?c'B9-<l><'>CD'i 

c E >.T3 ^ 2 K -a 'i 

,D&22^i"^e2i 

||222£2S|: 

CO o m ajffi S'fl»-5 <d« 
ooooo-"o"-o 
<<<<< < < 



i;g=2 

; cD-§ ° >. 

:-0 2 <1> X 

: = -t; O I 

; >-s « F 

)£i o -K*^ 

3 CD CO S CD 
3 O O y O 

< co-s;< CO 

J o o .' ° 



CD CD 
C C 
O O 

c cd£ £ «o 

c2£ £^ 

nfcco 20 



3 CD ^ -w CD 

<j>s: CD CD c 
00000 

<<« 

1 I c% 



CD CD 
00.. _ 



.E o 

<D O 

£« 

<D <D'>< 

Eog. 
o-co-S 
EiE 
£ o S.O 

<U CD CD±^ 
C C C C 
0000 

m 0) 0) CD 
0000 

<<<< 



r^-C 



ii^ 



?E 
SS „ 0=6 

f.CD"2<i''>l 
C c2cMCM 
£ O 3 I I 

000 



0> Q-O 
CO CDS 



-> 



— CD 
CI 



oco 

<D<M~ CD C 

(o I -t; CO 

= >-^ c 

"s; -^ c CD 



^ .1- o O O 
I o OJ O 0) 

« +i o o o 
Sa)<<< 
I o I I 1 
CO< Q.'-tO 



iiii co-o 

CD (D>,"c 
O O 4?t 
CO CO CD CO 



O CD-i 
O O I 

<<z 



CCD (D O ^ C£ g-C 

t£pt||||^CM 

I S £ O £ O _ 2 0-15 O 
Coo-SS-2>-Q. >.« jfl 
-i^— •^■^•2 — CD -^u CD CD 

Q}a)0>CDCDCD<CD^22 
000000 I 0|00 
<<<<<<Z<oj<< 



000 
mmm 

222 
000 
<<< 



D-3 



Appendix D 



OCMCJOCViO^O OU5 OOOIOO 0)00 OOOOOUO O CO OU5 O O O 00 O O-^ T- CO o 

r~^i^^s^cdcoco iot^t^o)odo>o^^'fcvJcoa>cviT-<oococj»^cycotocncotoco Tco^t 

COCOCOCNiCOCO^CO 0505050)0«J03O 

cor- CO CO CO CO cj CO 'i- 



■^ ■^ ^ -^ ^3" ^ CD m ^^-^^lo '^ ^ CO inm GO u> cNj CO CO lo ■»- CD o CO U5 lo ^ m ^ T- uo t-iolo 

OOOOOOO^- t-1-T-1-1-»->-0»- T- O T-^^-^-1--.-0 T-O T- T-T-T-T-T-T- T- T- T- 



OOOOOOOOOO OOO 



^LDCOCO GOCOCOCO^ 



eg (o to in CM u> U5 in in irt cvjmco 



111 

Q.WO .^^ 



:f 








• o 


T3 


' a 


p 


• ffl 




■■a 


U 


















. <j 


£• 



■ >.>.c 

•(Bug 

• o o ^ 

• c C "k 



ooooxoo 

<3)Ot-CMCO 
^CMCMCJCO 



EE. 

>. >. p 
005 

o op 
o o E 
_ _ -oxj « : E E P 

£"njSnJ<ot(u>. >.o 

2 5 ■S^=i,=f. E o 0) 0) o 

^oh^~:S"i"?zEi:i:>. 



<j I n) I I 



£ 5£ 

- - ° £ o 
- -, .- "l^ ■ =s o = 

^ S E " : „- « - 

EEE|?-^-lo 
Q-P fl) P « 



_o _o _o _o O o J 



S2 222 
u o o o u 
<<<<< 



—2 c222222 1 9 p£'E m^ c Sa ,. <o ii 

.— C T C C C C C C 4-* ,, ,^ C C f^ (1 fi f) (3 iT ^ (rt 

oo'"oooooooooooooooooo"D 

<< <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 



•^ c o 
jg o a) 



c _ i: -c o ±i © 

ll^iiSi 

c m >• >• » 3 o ■. 
I "5£ 0=5 <D 
c o 0) 0) t; o Q. 
« 0=6=6 S " >- 

22222222 
o o o "o o 'o o 'o 

(0(Q<Q(Q(Qnim(Q 

00000000 
■9.'q."9."9.q. Q-'q-'q. 
=o=a=a=D=D=a=o=D 
<<<<<<<< 






2iE 

I 13 



c >• J I 9 



a>- 

>'y o 

O Q. 9. 
=D=D 
<< 



n) o 
o a 



o BsB (a%B o 



• ox: 
£0000 



I I I 






ra ?'E£0( 
CO. < (oO 



0) <U 0) o ■£ S i< 

X .-< .2< E c g- 5 
EEE -" o - 



-oooooosio-i!; 
ooooooooco 

J O O O O O JJ D. O 2 

<< 



o<<<<<< 



« o 

u 

o o 

Q ja 



l-< 



CM(D»-000000000000000»tOO(DOCDOOtT)-CO<DOOOOOOOOCOOOOOOOOOOh-0000000 

mintDooooooooooooooor«.ooc>ioo)00(Dooco<3)i-ooooooocvjoooooooooco 0000000 
T-^^000000000 0000 00 ^oocjocjoococococO"*o 0000000 0000 000000 0000 000 



00000000000000000000000000000000 t-000000 0000 000000 0000000 



cMtD»-;;;;;;;;;;:!:;;:;i;;;;;;i;..Ri>. 



mmco 



(D e 0)5^ 

C C C-D 
(0 (D (0 0) 

666^ 

T3T3T3-?T 



^ C3) r~ »- •>t CVJ t 
^oor^comr—oot^r-Y-coinr^coc 



) a> r~ ■t ■«t 00 (D o 



T-TfT-^ior^cocococn^ 
T3TJT3T3T3XIT3T3XJT3 

Q}<uo><i>o><i>a>(Da>a) 
ircEccccirccircrcca: 



-CJCMCJCMCOCOC 



ipj^J^^^'^cOT-cMcocoM-mtor^-coo)' 



13T3TDTITS-n 



U U 1^ TT VJ U U 



00 00 o'o O o o o 

<<<<<<<<<< 



222222 
'o 'o o o 'o 
<<<<<< 



■OTITI-O 
(U 0) <D (D 

cctrcccc 

2222 
o o o "o 
<<<< 



TDTIT3 
0) 0) 0) 

crcccc 

22 2 
o o 
<<< 



■a-aT3T3 

(D 0) (U 0) 

cctroctr 
■g ■g'D 13 
o o o o 
<<<< 



"■5_a>_a>_OQ)o= o o oo_g_p_oo_p_o_po_o_o_o_g_o 
Tj (0 o ogoo^mQQJ'jj'^Qaj'oj'S'oj'S'aioffiai'oi'a) 

£„->>>>>^>->->->>->->->>>->>>>>->> 

T3'OT3Tn3T3'g'75'0'D'0"g"0'D'g'o'gT3"g'a'g5'o'02 
o o o o o o o < o o o o o o o o o o o 'o 'o o " " 9 



D-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1988 



>.E 



iiliiiililiiiiiliiiiiiiiiisiiipi I 



r,r>.r>t--r~.u)r-r>.iniooocJCMCMir)ioCTinu>ir)iniotninu2g|;0"2gi2:;2l;2g Jli 

OOO OOi- OO T-T-O T-OO »- '-O ^-i--r-i-»-T-i- T- i_i T-i-../-.- W 



0) 1- c 
■^ m C 

fl JC.3 

O m^ 
O O 

« >.» 
— TJ - 

Oo2 
U^ 

3— O 

nn 

Q) rt <D « 



oooooooooooooooo 

OOOOOOOOOOO'^'"'"™'"' 

ooooo-*-oooi— o 



O O O O O LO 



1 CNJ CO CO -^t ■^ lO UO LO LO m CD CD 



CM LO C\J <N CO CO '^r CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 52 

T- •.- 1- T— O O T- o o o o o o o o o oo 



■ — ■ (fl o ™ 

L. Q. 

O O Q.O 

■2 X X ' -a 



*S <Di2^^ 



ao 



"(JO 5 

£ CO « u 



O >."0 £ ^ c >. >.= >• I- <o <o rt 'F 

>,< >.>•>■>•< < — < ^^ Q. D-^ ^ ^ - - - ^ 

<^<<<<Tl-^-,i-co<<<<<*f<fo'<f'a^<C 



nj >, IB 
C XT3 

S P>< 

0)-oO 
o >.& 

rai: £ 
>.o a 

8il 

(0 OT3 

EEE 

3 3 3 

c c c 
EEE 

3 3 3 

<<< 




o X c 
I o c 
O Cl3 

rt i_ c 

O Q.C 

■ <B C O 3 

■ O 3 TJ — ^0) 

■ CXI .oj*; 

■ 5 O (B-S 2 

=6 c!j m .2 i2 E 
EEEEEE 

3 3 3 3 3 3 

c c c c c c 
"EEEEEE 

3 3 3 3 3 3 

<<<<<< 



C O Q) 

ro S m 
o Q.i: 
EEE 

3 3 3 

c E e 
EEE 

^33 

<<< 



.2-^0 



.s« 



3 (0 (n 

§EE 
<<< 



•i E a, x^xS-^-Sfl p oo 1 g-g i o 

<<<< < <<<-*CO<CTi- at-CT 



o o o 
c c c 

EEE 
<<< 



O O CO o 
.£ .£ ^ .e 

ee|e 

O Q.CVJ CM T- t^ 



■o 


« 


« 


o 


3 
C 


E 




« 


c£ 


O 


o 


1 


"5 


1 


o 



Q5 



^< 



ooooooo'r-oiooo ooooooogo 

OOOOOOOCVJOOOO ."^.nr-,r-.r-.CTOO 
OOOOOOOOCOC350)CD 

u>(X)incoinir>u>iO'-'-TO 



jcocoooooo-*^ 
r^cMT-i-tDtPJCviCj 

CD-^COCOOJCVJCOCOCO 



oooooooooooooo ooooo 

OOT-C0OOOOO0500OC3C33 
CDcriCTCOcdo>CMCOlOC3)CDC3>CDlO 



r^ cvj 



oo OCDO 

CO O CO CM ■'t 
CM 'd' CO CO 
T-COCM y- 



CnC^SU^^CM^^COCMCOCOCM CM * U, « ^ g g g g J^ ^ ^ ^ ? ^ ^ ^ ?i ^ $^ ? S S 2 S S S ^I 5 S S ^^ S ^ ^ S ? 



OOt-t-1— ^— T-i^f— OOt- 



t©T3 . 
So32„ 
*:? -35 •- Cft "S 



_ 7i w ? Q.-F 1- a 



E-° 



§>-£| ■ :s : : :o.o 

o "K 3 x: Q) 

e S " D.-0 

CO S ■:- CO "C ^ "' 

O CO a>E c P E 2 

■? 2 S x: £ Si ^£ o t *:! CO 



CD i! 

+5 <0 



>..9 



ET3-5 CO 
■«-§,$ic|2Et5°^So.^ 

CO >< 1 o E -p ■£ E ^ - - ^ ^ 






,o 



iOO 



■a <u 
0) « >• 
Eo^ 

coa^ CO 
T3 CO - 




<<<<<<CO<<<<«^ Z<4LZ<<<<*- 



0> iJ 

o c £ £ 0) "> 
ESS <i)-a"o 
c CO 10 c c c 

E 5 5 .£ o ° 

>-££>.■§ -S 
^ J. ' £^-g 

r-CDCU -£'>.>.><I0™ 

ilfoigg^EE 

^f ^^S^«""o■5-- 
o g o o ^ x!- « 2 2 c c 0) 

E >>>>■£ J. I I I 
„=a □)□).£>. 2 S! -lo.^- 

= >,>.>,>. CO ii— — 5- g-n 

CO ^ ^ j^ ^ I ^^ T I ^ — 

<<<<ZcocoZ<< 



CO 

CO o 

Ve 

«x: 
E" 
cb3 

li 
II 
1^ 



5^2 



a> o 

** E c n o c 
. <0 CO ■■= OJ 



Eli 



^ma3-££oS 
? o .E t; D- CO i3 

-C 2 t 3 0) 0) O 

>.>.■>.>.>. o o 

^JS ^ ^ ^ _ _ 

<<<<<<< 



CO ■ <o 

CO ■ i_ 

o> . o 

n : S 

3 •■*" 

1o -M 

c ■ o 

■a " f? 
c S> = 
CO.S CO 



OT3~ 

to" 

C"D <» 

(ft *** ^ o 

*i Ooc 
3-S 0) O 

« • I- 3 CD 



" " C o "• -' 
i; ir .£ C ir Jr: 



i O — <1> CD (D 

io3:£££ 

c<<<<< 









<< Q.< 



D-5 



Appendix D 



ooooooooooooooooooo 

OOOOOUOOOOOOOOOOOOOO „„_w„^«», „^^^^ww 

ooooooooooo*-o^ococ7)oo oooooococDiooo^— oooot— OLOCDOLOi— oomioocoootoooo 

COa)<DTfCvJO<>JCO^-LOCOO)^f^COt^<N^-^CNi 



1-1- T- 1- CNJ CM <M 



J -^ cNj eg r^ O) C4 

CD CD CD T- CD CD r^ OJ UO Tf 1^ Tf Tt LO 



T- CO CO CO 



■COLOincOCDCOCOCOi— CM-^COTfTl-CJOlCOO 

—I T-CO CvJt-CMO>^'*C7)COOC3) 

O C\J h^ CM T- CD CD -^ in CD LO 



COCOLOCOtDCOCOCOCOCDlOlOtOmCDr^tOtnLD COCD'^mCDCDCDCDCDCDCOCOCDCDmiOLn'^r^r^r^UOiniOtDCMCOOf^CDCDinCNJCMCvj 
OOi— OOOOOi— Oi-T-1— t-OOt-1— 1— T-Oi-i-OOOOOOOOOOl— 1— 1— ^-OOOt-1— 1-1-1— OOOOOt-^-t-^- 



5> to 



i2 



o'oP- 



— J5.P 

c c o i- >..iO 

^-^- < c< 

I I I I s I 



I-'- o 

66-9. 

w to o 

— (0 
•OTJ o 

o 'o 'c 
<ora = 

O O o~ 

3 3 oo 

Q) <D ^ i- (d 

%UM 

o o o £■— 
.e .E £ .9- o 

ll^lE 

■>:t <D'»-<< 



E 
. o 



■Q ,r-!- 



EEE 

3 3 3 
"c c 'c 
o o o 
EEE 
EEE 
<<< 



0) : 
J3 O 

EE 

c'c 
o o 
EE 
EE 
<< 



o 

(5 OjO 

JSEo 
EEE 

3 3 3 
'c "c c 
o o o 
EEE 
EEE 
<<< 



O -"o O (3 



E5EEE 
'c.->,c.'c. c 



•D"5 






OJ ^ . Q) i J, 

b O rt ^-^2 <l> " P m 



-Q.b""">-,-!:Ic •i-E<''(D<2c 
S^o-lEE^|'|?84it2|=a 






g nj C o 
Exi <u E 



3 J. ^ .3 ^ -Q -Q 



o^o o o 
E<EEE 
E* EEE 
< <<< 



Q-Ti =S -2 i i i .3 o o ii S .£ .£ >, >. c t Q- 0) 0) < « o iJ 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEfeE-fEEl-Ecc 

<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<ii<CL<<Q.<<< 



(1)0 
^ 0> (A (A 

:5 o o o 

c c c c: 
<<<< 



cE 

CJC 

o 

1 o 



Q^ 



H< 



oo 
o o 


oo 
oo 

O'* 


CO o 

o o 
in Tt 


ooooo 
o ooo o 

(0 0)000 


oo 
oin 

lO ■^ 


o 
o 
o 


oooo o o 
o m o o o o 

O-rl-OOOO 


ooo 

OCMO 

o oen 


oo 
o o 
oo 


coo 
oo 
ooo 


ooo o o o 
oo o o m o 
oo On- in CO 


oooo 

00(J>0 

o o coo 


oooo 
oooo 

CMO'-a-O 


oo 
oo 
oo 


CDi- 


citn 

CO CO 


en CO 


ocno^-cM 

•VOi-1-1- 
CO CO CO CO 


CM CO 

coco 


CO 

■>3- 


CO ■* CO •■a- in ■>* 
1-00 >- 
COTf* CO 


coinrt 
CO CO m 


CD O 
T- CM 
COCO 


toco 


CO h* C3) O CO CO 
CM r- -r- CO CO CO 
•r- CO CO 1- 1- »- 


mm (3)in 
CO ■>j-<D r^ 


CDOOCOn- 

r~r^f~co 


CM<0 

coco 


con 
oo 


CO CO 

oo 


CO lO 

O T- 


CO i/>m m lO 


in in 


Cvj 


in CM CM lo m in 


■^into 
1-^- o 


inTi- 


CO CO 

o o 


com m CO CO CO 
ot- ^o oo 


CO CO CO CO 

oooo 


CO CO CO CO 

oooo 


coco 
oo 



.- _ . X = <D 

>.(]) 3 - "r o i:>. 
£ £ o - CO i •= ^ 

<i):gT- ' >.o^ 

o o o<^ SS? 9i 
k. 1- L. o — -Q ' 1 

■F — — CM? I >• -X < 



2 5 






(BXI 

>-p 
Bo. 



El 



=§■50 



= oS S 



o_ii 

: c £ E o 
-10™ £ 10 



- ^5 

O-o « 5 

wasi a 

.£ § o ra 

♦- o)c © 
o c o 

D.P c O 



S5 
ro I 

"D CM 

T >> 

>.= 
c o 



m 
©^3 



S. 0,3. 

-CO 

£ ra a © g^'T 
£^£S8-E 
(0 o 2 2 Q.-i 

CM CM .S-.S- - 0) 



mmm^-cM 



^^-r -^ © ,Jl 



EEE 
<<< 



O'E 



0=0 o /. 
c o c y 



5.©r£ 

gi©i 

8 I f ™ 

.ECM< o 

C — in 

^ I CM 



E <"=r 

™— ^'"■S££££t: 6 © 

>* ^'^ *>^rtO(D(D(D©C'D 
£i:©i:oooooi. cc 
m © >-1;t occcccmCc 

iigiiiEEEif i 

eIHI^^^^It^ 

^ ^ ^^ ^ i. i-vr ^M i^l rvl "r; ' 



ra S:5oK •- •£ • ■ E 
CO „ ra © «> — — P 1- . 

— ^ ■4- £ O £ I ^ Q. § 

^?co'83g;?o2D.co<B(B:g 
i°Tcl,8|§0"ag:i:oE 

■D^xEaS'iiigo^J.J. Q. Q. Q. Q. 
>.S p™raoFEc3>.>.>.>.>->. 

•^a-o5:2£«J,i-^ ££££££ 

>>^ ©©J.im'D©©©©©© 



■5!?§P 



c ^cM EmmFc=-5CMCMCM 

3.B-0X00©<1?£000 



I I I I I -S - o 



CM CM CM "S- m •* 



I I .2 I •= 



c c c c c c 



CMCM <CM Z 



< £ £i£i£i£i< CM m 

I I I I I I ' 

CM 1- T- T- T- CM Z 



ccE^EEj-SS-EEEEEEni 

cC:|-*-|| 'i^-iiiiii 

<<CM CM Tf ceo 



Q E 
< 



JCMCMCM CO ( 



S-^ o^ 
21=52 

c o S t^ 
^.fc am 
I P o I 

ECMCO E 
CMCM 



•c© 5 

© C J3 
C O I TJ 

© .Em "5 

-lo^ 
2 o X o 
o M o-g 

^5ci|o 

. . . S » 



-"<<<<^< 



CM CO m 



D-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



oooooooooooooooooooooooooior:. 



ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooogggggg^gg--ggggs25oo 



) oo oooooc 



'.J^'^^^ ■^;rrt»4lirirniv!i-i-»-^rucn--:fCDCD^r^a30)'^lOCOOCOCOCOC*50)03r^OCDCDOO)OCO 



>0000000000000000000000( 






jj+^^*^*^*j+^*'*J4- -cocvj - - - - -oV^cvTcO'^ocJ'^inT- cM'sj-oocn ^ « 

C C C C C C C C C CiOt-COT-CTinoOOJ'^T-'i-i- '-CMCOCOCT*'^'* ■fT . . 

o)O}<DQ><i>ci>0(l>a)a} *jij*^*^*-.*j*^+-4-'+-4-'+-4-'+--H'+^+-+-w» 

EEEEEEEEEEoooooooooooooooooooooogg 

OOOOOOOOOOEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE££„ 

ccccccccccOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOSog 
l.l."-5.1.Q.al.Q.Q.Q.o o ooooooooooooooogooooooc^ 

5^Sonnoooo<0Mra«)™"i"'"S"'!5i5™!S"!5!5.!2.2.i5.!S.i5.!5ro<5ir<D 
OOOOOOOOOOQQQDQQiSbbbbQbQQQQQQQQQ-DTjOoC 
ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo.ooooooo 
oooooooooooooooo'oo'ogoo ooooo°o°°SgSSN 



C (0 I 



" o 

^ s 

« 5 



E 



•OTJ 

o o o o o _o 
'o o o "o "o "o 

N N N M M N 

<<<<<< 



— X 

0) CT3 0) 
U 0) (0 I 

a^ oca 






Q) ® (1> 0) 

Ox: (5 ><>.^ 

i2 c 0) fl J52 

J 3 3 3 o iJ 55 
: 'C 'C 'C 0) <n nj 
3 nj nj nj <0 CO m 
icQoQfflmm — 



■0 


(S 


V 


o 


3 
C 


E 




4) 


cx: 


o 


O 


O 


■flt 



Q2 



H< 



ooooooooooooooooooooooogogogooooogooogogogogogoooooogogg 
^cvio^aicdoidcvicvicviirioi<Dc>Joui(£;o;cooor^j^r;:^^gg«|-^-^^<NLg|5r-rap-og 

cv.5icM5icv;cv.c^o.c^g5;g3gcv;cMg^u,g2g^gggggggcv;gg5g^gg5 



<»_ 

<» « S <B W S 



oo oo " ".gjo w -o 
E EE mwi=*-^-=-s 



0;S 
W N 

« a 

^ <" X 
S DIO 

" nj£ 
E <B o 
3-S5 



coii 



~ (!) 
3i 




C . 
^2 <B 
o££ 
ni c o 
o !2 = 
o'o m 

£"^0 _ 

c c rat <o a) 
■g o c o x; 

5 -i "y = « o 
ofe««i:*: raises, 



oooooo'c£-!;;:5-£oj^0a)>.°ojSojOu>»-=n!ra 
8 8°°»S<og a>g-fe«P2-gi*^oo = ^-o«Q._ 
OOP pop— 9 E ? ™,^ « rt-SS ,„-^ « S— *; ?o ra 



ooooooooo— -EEc^o"'"' 
^^•^S'^i'l" ^^= i < i < .i .2 < < .2 < 
<<<<<<<<<<<w<P-<<o°-<° 



oo>,^.'xi5c"> 
(0 (0 m £ 2 -j^ "i; '^ .p 
c c c c - 5 c c c 
<<<<z<<<< 



0) - 

.£ -Q eo 
o>.o 

EEg 
ra o h 
ir ns o 



■o >-!Ptd 



0) o 
ns o 



^E 



o >..2 o . - 

= =^ -e 1 1: => ? 

il; Cm <n m i= 3 
<<<<<<< 



■S ■ <" E 

u P "O ■P — ■<!> 
— -— *o 'c -— !q 

■S£ ra o< I 

<<<<c\rT- 



E 

T£i P 

.S2"xi o o 0) 
XI oiS ra^ 

g y DQXlDQ 

< I o o o 
ciiwOgS 
cm'cJ<<< 



raCMCT* 

« c c c 
c 0> P P 

o c c c 

•p O P P 

p E E E 

P-O o o 

_ Eooo 

Eo> 8 g'g'g' 

P S g 3 3 3 
3 £ P O O O 

ncahoou 



<<<<<< 



D-7 



Appendix D 



OO O O CO 00 1005 CT^r coco C\J O O O O O O O O O O O O O O Ln O O O O O O O O O O O LO O O O CO o o o o o o o o o o 
OO OO lO LO CD r^ CO O) O) C75 O O O O O O O O O O O T- O O CO LO O T— O O O O O O O O O ^ LO CO to o o o o o o o o o o o 

oo oo o o oo o o o o »- o o o in CNj in o in o o o lO in cnj c\j o r^ csi o o ^- o t-o coo oco o o c?^o oo ocm oco iocnj o 



lOt^ co^oo < 
CDcotocjt^r^r 
cococococococococococococococo CDC 



■ r^'^o) »- en in <D c:) c:) 'J- r^ ^ CD CO 

CD CO CD CD CO 



ICDCJ X- 



Cvj ^CM CM 



OJ CJ OJ t-^ Cvl »- CJ 



'*■^^^^^•3■rrT^•>l■^■>a■^•>a•rl•>a•mcDmr^c 

OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOt-OC 



(U 0) 



CM 0) O <D 



i/>oo<3)r^cocoincncO'^CDcoo >^ >«cm c 
> o 

5 CO 



cvjcMOjcoiomcD^.cocnc»a5'-'axi 



o o 5 






g 5 5 S 5 o nj^ 
ooooo=^2 

<D"aj"Q"Q"Q)>- (1) c 

->>.>.>.>.£ro 

i tn o) 0) en m (0 o 

ln]nsn)n](QiT|Uoa>a)<u(U<u 
1 OQ OQ CD CQ DQ ^CD CO CQ CQ GQ CQ CO 



0) <U c 

>- >>.3 <» . . 

P 5 i£ c c : 

m n) n] nj 









•^-D 0) o 0) C 
<0 O m 



0) O O <]> 0} d) 



O >. 0) 

■ifiPi<" 
iio-||-§ll 



m °^ K 



)^ c c c c c- 



C C C C C C C ! 



<D <D 0) ^ -C -C.b O 
rjt. C C C 

,vuu/u/M/_ (i>a)<i> 
imcQmmT- cqcqcQ' 



y ro ra nj (0 

§ o o o o 

CQ o o o o 

c c c c 



>._ 

o >, 

o ffl o 

„ C 0) 
O O O " 

o o o 



(Don 



. . 0) "5 

ffi_CDo>s 

p p y-^ 



CO 



immGQCDCDI 



' o o c o 

1 tM M <U M 

c ccD c 
: d) ffi I 0) 

-CQ CQcmCQ 



T5 


a 


O 


(> 


3 

r 


E 


■^ 


(1) 


r 


£ 


o 


o 


() 


_ 






1 


u 



Q^ 






OOOOOOOO^OCMOO^T-OOOOO^-OOOOO-f— OOOOOOtDO^CO^^— OOt-^OOOOOOIOOOOOOO 
0000000003Tj-ir)OOT-0000000000000000000':J-OLOr^O^— oiooo-*— OOOOOCOOOOOOO 
OOOOOOOOO^-^-OOOOOOOOi— '— oooooooooooooooo*— ^— ooooooooooooooooo 

rtoi^-i-Tj-r^-^GOoj'^TtO'-tOf^r^ior^co'^'^ocDi^cNicooitococoTfCDOTOT— cjw 

Tj-OTtoooo^— 1— 1— LOUO'— cvicvjLou^u^u^incocvjoor^r^oi'— cocoa3coaDcncnaic7)0)CDa)cO'»— CNJOJOJco 

COTtCO-^-^^^^^^COCO^OJOJCOCOCOCOCOCVjCOCOCOCOCOCVJC^COCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOOJCMCNJCVjC^ 



0) (0 



< 

1 




















01 

x: 
o 

"5 













T-cor^cjTtLncDr^c7)T-T--o-a 
<i)a)a)(Do>(D(D(U(i}(D<i>a)(U3 
33_g3_3333_33_g33g; 
mcQoacamcQmGQmmmjQiD 

.9 .y P P P P .9 .9 .9 .9 .y .9 .9 "in ' 
'w 'v> '(/) 'w '« « « CO CO 'co CO 'co "(0 nj 
njnjconJnJnjnJconJnjtonJnJfQf 
CQDQOQDQCQCQCQOQOQOQDQDQDQ 



0) 0) 



. 1- CVJ CJ cvj -g- ^^co'^-p^T^i oco 

" SJ,S'SiSlP'-<M'*'n'^<Mcnc0<3)'*coo^ S5 4-.*-*-'""'*'"'" 
"'™™">CT •i--t-i-T-c\]Oj'>3-'3-mr^i-t- 



C 0) CD O) O) D) [ 



<u<i><u-t;t;t;t;t; 



> o o J^ 

im^Ooi'r^OOOOo 
) o P o 



ni a (0 ra 5 a)'Dxix>TiTiT3-OT3T3-D-aTiT-] (D.2.9.2— — 

™a-<l><l><l><l>1>0>a)<D<D(D(UQ)mQ:>>> 



O O O P 



a> r- CO in TT 

0) o o o o o 
.Q "o "0 "q) "q) "qj "0 



2 9 2 2 9 
>>>>> 

9 9 2 2 2 m 2 2 2 P P .9 .9 .9 .9 .9 .9 .2 .2 m w m m .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 

"(0 "(0 "co *C0 '<0 nj 'co '(O 'co 'to 'co 'co 'co 'co "(0 'co *C0 'co '{0 (TJ CO CO to CO 'co CO « CO to (0 (0 to to to to 

(OtOcototOmt^tOtotdtOtotototototOfCJtOnarQrnnntototocato 
OQ DQ DQ m 03 — DQ DQCQCDCQOaCQDQDQDQDQDQDQ — CQ OQ OQ DQ CQ 



D-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



oooooooooooo oooooo o 
oooooooooooo oooooo o 
o o o ijo o o »- to o oo o m U5 tt (D o o o 



o)^o>cno»-«!r^t^t^«o 
(0^-*<t^iotno-^cvjO)0 

h* <0 CD CD CO CD 1— CO h-CO 



t^CO T-CO CO . 

CD o *- in r^ f^ ^ 

^ COCOO T-O T- 



ooooooo oooooo-.- oooooo ooooo go 
ooooooo C0U0OOOOU2 0000,00 ooggg go 

o r^ o r^ »- o u> 



CnC3)OC3)OOLO 00010003 ^ojooca oio 



J'S- "l- "» CO 



OOO ooooo '-00'- T-OOi 



« 0) 



O 3 



73 CO 

— -fr (» <D O 

(D X C C C 

C £ O O O 

0) -Q v> </> CO 

4-' ^, (0 (0 flj 

(0 m 0) (U 0) 

"Ieee 

flS nS (Q (Q (0 
0) Q) O (U 0) 
OQCQ mOQCQ 



to 2 -r- 

>§ o 



O — _ (0 
COIL o *:' 




CJ lO lO lO CJ CM CVJ lO Ol lO lO CO t cn CO lO lO i- e3> lO CVJCOCOCJCJ CMg CJ 



■E 











"'■ (0 m m m "ST^-T !2 " i2 - .!2 .2 " ^-.i2 .i2 .2 .2 

mbQcncQ^ZOT cDiSfcozincQ cJoqcqoqoq 



:e 



0) CD 

in 

c >, 
(0 X 

— o 

>•£ 

<B . 
It 






E . 

<D O 



^E 

I o 



■S£- 

CO -^ 



OOOOOOOO 
00000C3>00 

OOOOO'- oo 
cDcoGoa>r^coo>o 

■■-i-O -r-OCDO) 



mcDCDr~iocMeoco 
i-OOOt-'-OO 



oo o o O O T— o o o 



CNJOO'-OOCO o^ 
CO «— CM r* CO CO CO 05 C3) 



oo o O O O CO o o o 



cnoococMCDcao 

OJO'-CM'.-COIOIO 



o o o oo O O 
CO oooo or^ 



CO «— CM r^ U? CJ CU Kti \Jt w/ ^^ T— v»* T— v^ — * — , — 

in »- T- »- r~ T- o 1-0 o T- -I- T- CO <3) T- 1- 1- 

•Si- 1- lO -^lO lOlOlOlOCMCM lO lO 



O'*cor-- 

COCOIOIO _ 
IOt-i^i- ■■- 



lO CD O O O f— O O CM O 

CD CO CD r^ CO h^ 00 CO oo O) 



ooooo 

OOOOO 
lOlO ■TOO 

COCC} 00 03 O 
lO C33 05 .— O 
■"JCMCMIOCO 



CM r- r— lo CO r- CM 



CM CM CvJ CM CO CO r^ CM CM CO 



..-OOr-'-OT- y—y- »- T- T- '- t- O O '- '- O 



cMCM [V. h- CO CM r~ CM CM r^ ^^ 52 S *^ 2 

y-T' oOO'-O'-'-O '-OOt-O 




0) a © CO 



E4 



a<» 



^E-Bt" 



5" I <" fl) c c S 5 c 

^7£ooEl3.3| 



iEis-iio^ 



XlQ.>m(DXOCCD'*SoS' 

ooo£-o-F-5,cD^J.i^i: o._ 
.CO mm C-g c nD)q.>,q.q.>.>. 

c c c c o cEB.m cm c ccQCQ 

CDa>(l)(D CDl — <1>|<DC1>| I 

mmcQCQ OQ^ cOi-dqcQt-»- 



£"EE 

<0 C 3 3 

5§cc 
c-^ o o 
liEE 
gEEE 
bEJ2« 

« n ® o » E E 

m ♦^S 1- 1- I- V; 

■>.■>. o ■>,■>.'>>>. 

c c-S c c c c 
a> (u 0) (i> a> a> 
mm ffl mmrn 



D-9 



Appendix D 



cooooooor^o ooooooooooooooooo oooooooo 



] CD r^ O) o o> Tj- in f^ CO o) CO O) o cvi CO r^ o) r^ cd co '^ lo cd r-^ 



CO CO CO C\J CO CM ■^ 



CM CM CM CNJ CO < 



'T-CMCMOJCO'^Tj-Tl- 



oo -^o o 

CMO T- too 



CM -"^ CD N. r^ CO en 



Tt r^ o o CO (Di-r^f^cM 



COCOCOLOCOLOIOCOUO LOtOLOLOuncOlOCDCDCDCMCMCDCDlOmLf) 



OO Oi- Oi 



■O^OOOOOOOi-^i- 



TJ-N- CD T- Tt 

coo ^ co'- 



jm CO to to lO 



ooooooooo 

OOOOCDUOOOO 



CMCOOCTJCMIOCMOCD 
I^CJ)U005CNJCO<7)CJ50 



f~ ^o ^o 



COlOLOlOmCMCMLOi- 



10 o 



lO to <D Q) QJ *^ 



O O) 
» 3 



to XJ. 



p >■ 



m-^E 



51 E 
Eo o 

■°— >. 
E ° £ 

i^iiEJ 

ra ro I0-- - 



o o o 
EEE 
o o o 



P o 



o oi; o o 
EEEgEE 

O O O c o o 

I- i- I- c: L- u, 

cQffi CQ o cam 

1 I I I- I I . . . 

■^'S-CviOQ^i-CMCvi^ CQ.T- ^ r- CJ W OQ OQ OQ 



tiQ.Q.5 t; 
c O O i- o 
<D V. 1. >. 3 

O O O O r- 

EEEE^ 

O O O O p 

mcamca o 



E-5i-5 
3 >-nl 
=650) 
o-Q 
"■DO 

_- c c 
(0 nj 0) 
~ (D'S_ 
^ ■DOQ £ 

ram - 



.2'<5 
T3 o 

" nj 10 1! C 

- .5 00 CQ ^j- T3 

(0 ^ — I 1-0 



•D — 



T> o ■!;; Q. 



o o ns (0 ffi o (D 
c c -s -ti *; ■*; t; 



I I I ir 



p-iiti-i^co-ti-ticvjTi-tt-cj m 



+j ^ CD 

35 I 



■<-''*-'QQCQCQCQCQ CQ '*^ tx\ 



£i 0) 

I "D 
■,- C 

, <a o 
!.£" 

C P CD 

: S£ 
• =6 o 

> JLra 

- UU)^ 

T'E 



.52 ■>.^ 
o ise" 

=D «I I 
(D — 0> 

c o c 

<U _ <B 

■3 ro 3 



■ — "S." 
-5 301 

5 >-E>> 
° 3-?;£ 

>. — >.Q 

hnojo 

■Y o m ™ 

oj <B o£ £ <i> £ 
3cJ) rao'"S"»> 

I ^^ >'^-' jQ tLI _Q 



■ 0) 



° 3 0) 



. HI 






:£ Q__Q.nj o nl <o 
IK. XCM ffl c X Q. 



■^"- X CVJ vu I- ■«. u. 
X — O I O 0) o « 



'EcvE 



10Q»-'r-^i- CD CD C\J CM T- OJ ^ CNJ CMOiT-CMCVJ 



_ 5 g- ™ ^ 0) O 0) ■! 

S9)o>,>,5;q.(0' 

J, ">,3 X X X fl) a>_. 
ij. Q.OQ O O O >. >. >, 

c\i °tvj555 o o5; 
"7 Q. — CQ CO m t; »- m [ 
i I I I 1551 



73 


(8 


<1> 





3 
C 


E 







ri: 








U 


— 



l-< 



0000000000 o 

OOOOOOOiOOt- o 

mr^ oco 010 into CD o \d 



000000 



00 o lo o o o oouo o o o o 000 o o o r^ o o o 
00 00 0)cn oo»-T-oo 00 000 00 01-000 
100 o 00 ^U5 cvjotj-o coo r--oo ojo 00000 



mooocoo^-o 



in t- cvjLo Tf o '^o (D CO f- 

lOCNJCMlOCg C)OJ(D'- ^ 



cooi^ coo 1- 



0500 1- oi CM 00 CM o 10 f- r^ 1- o r^ f- c*j CO f— cdiolouocd c35 r^ cm cd cm o co co 

CM Tl- ■<» 00 00 CO CJ) CM T- T- ^ U3 r^ CM (D lO r- ■>3- (J) CO CO (D O) "S- CS U5 C35 lO lO 
"" " ~ CMCMTtCOCO T-^- - - 



r^t^ ■<»coi- oi-T-cocM 



•q- CM 1- CM CM 



U>^COOTLf)LO LOCO l/> CMCM O) CM C?CO mco CM OT l/>^lO 10 CD lO CO lO CO CO CO CO CO in tO 1/5 U5 IT) 



o -^■- o ™ fl) o c 
mac r ^.- " "> 



:'sli 



0) O 

s >• 



I CO o 

(0 ro 



0.0) 



"D a 

0) >-5 .3S _ 

rog-D^gpaS .(Up 
c-2 ca <i):i t o E ■ p£. 

CD >'-^ cr n H ^ I V^ 

§'S8^^|^2:2!c^4 
^ "2 — >.— g — >. ra -L-L 

TJ O >,*^ >,^ >■ C "0) O O^ 
^^:5 o £ « £ ?! a .E .£ 

>■£ X >'X >-t: >-=;roiS 

0) >,.h Q) i 0) g" £ o "^ °- -C I) ^.C 0) 0) *^ >, " 

^l-"?,-t^^ g .2 .<2 ^ cl. ^^ £ i;r=t^ ^ 

.c-^.!5.g'.!«^-;S"S'-b"^"^E7-^Ea;m.!5 ^£ £ 
c^£i'?c^'?c:,Si5>-i5i5E£i|^Ej'?|3 3 

I \ 'P' \ y • — ■ ' ' ■ — ■ I I Q_ ~- ■ — '^3 "yy • — ■ C C 
.52 .52 - .52 - .52 ^- ^_ .52 ^- '*^_ ■"" .52 ^ .52 - - .52 .52 .52 
CQ CQ 2 CD Z bo CM CM in -^ CM (B in ZZCQCQCQ 



E Q. 

ro . 
=o 0) 

0) >.cn 

Q-O 

Q.3">, 



c o 

T3 O 

10 o 
at 



.Q O O O S; Ti (0 



x_^ 



i.S-0 X O 

~ >■ >• o o c 



<o o 

T3 ™. 



11 



"O E 



°2 



aE 



.3 O O 

C to 3 

. b 0) 0) 

CM g a a 

m (0 m m 



(DO) 

E <u o o3 

o ■a.c = 73 

_,iwu*(iii_2ao"D 

*J 0) 0) 73 -^ t .^ o S E 

(0 .E^ o J- m (0 >.-g t 

i<<-^io^:E>>^2S..i 



c ° 
c o 



°'e 

.il? 3 

Ea^J o>o 

i5 <D C O :3. 
>-73 O C 
C "Z "F 0) 73 



CO 2 
CM >" 



>.e 



>.CD 



oooS£.f^g 

>,.c i: i: 2 op i; i; =^73 -^ 
aaaa — J. "5 c S 

CQ CD DQ OQ T— OD CD CD CD □□ DQ OQ CD CD CD □□ CD OQ 



c-S ,^" 



a;^ i: S <o jc 



I c o o 
i o o o 



i; i; i; o o <0 



Is if 

ax-s 
5£__ 

J "^CD > 

:-?si73g 

O c <0 « O^ 

m .£ 3 CO V h 

I 10 J3 I 5" o 
. j: o o 3.C 

-■§.§§ °° 



o o 
^c mm o o 



CO (0 J 



coo 
8EE 

c o o 



CO ■«- 1- uo CD DQ CQ c 



D-IO 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



\ 



oooooomooo oooo 
OOOOOt-^OOO cdooo 
o-^ooooiojoooo 0)0 03c\j 



COliOOOOOO<\JtOOC\JO(N<NCOOCOOOOOOCDOOCML 



oooooooo 

CSJOOOOOOO 



00<NCO^-00-r--t-CM 0)UOi-CVJ 



uoc\jc\jcMi/)io coior^co 



0>CM O) ( 



lOJCNJTtCMCMCOCOCOCOr^COf- 



ir> T- T— CO 




O 1- O O T- 



ojmcvjT-^iocvjv-mtOLnmmmmLOLotncococococjcocoioio 

T-r-^r-i-^-i-^T-r-r-'T-T-^^i-^i-OOOO'-O^^-T- 



«J Era " 

O C 0) 3 



0) g-g (0 >. 



!5 °=6£ ^ 



T3 _L ^ O +-' 

1 >> o fo c "J j_, 

: — "o -5 c -S o 

x: = <n ra <" 






£5|sf3E|^| 



m ^ - ^ 

_ CO) 

— "o _ >• ? 



^m "^ £^CQ CO '^ '^ '^ 0) 

33 I 0)3 I (l>m^^^ 




cE 

o 

1 o 

A* 



l-< 



> o o o oooo 

> Tj- o o oooo 



ooooooooooooT-inoooooooooinooajoooooooooo 
ooL0ooooL0oooo'^L0ooooooooocnoo-r-oo»-oooootr>m , _ _ _ _ _ _ 

0005 o ooi-o) oooo o-<3-o ooio oor-o cjTj-io ooo cor~-i^ oooio Lor^ »- >- en o o> iooood 



o do 00 00 CO 



•rrr^cTocDtocoi— cMCDr^t--. 



ICNJCMCOt-COCOCOCO 



O O OO OOIO 



CO o vn ^a- 03 O) r^ 

Tt coco CNJ CO CM 



) in cvj CM uj m i/> CO p) ir> CO CO CO T- in cj> CM T- in 1^ r- in cj CO CO r» r^ r^ r^ m CO »- m lOCMinm mm»-m coioiAincnom 

-i-i-i-t-t-»-0t-t-000t-t-0t-t-i-00i-i-00 OOO O t-Oir-T- T- 1- T- ■r- -i- f- t- T- 1-T-^T-Ol-T- 




^^5i 



2-^-£r^ i t S-S-m o t - -t mSm'=^'-t;£^m2'^oS2S2S£iJt:t:-cJ>cJ>ncJ)-t: - ^m - ^ 



I S CO 

>■>;'» 
3-1 

0) ~ 0) T >■ 

.Iflll 

S-=^l3.2 

_ >-5^-gxi 

>. I I - >-■>. 

■ti t: ti Ti- ti " " 



"^.3 3 



D-U 



Appendix D 



ooooo cooooooo 

OOOOO CDOt-OOOO 

Tj- eg o m m ooocDo^r- 



(0 m u> CO CD 

O-r- O OO 






Lo in uo 



J CM CVJ CVJ 



OOOOO 

ooooo 
o o o o ■■a- 
tt 7- en T-T- 
co c\j r^ un in 



in 1- T- 



ca CM CM oj 



CM CM CM CM CO CMCMCMCMCMCMCMCMCMCM 



CM i! C 
-T" BJ 0) 






Q.E- 

O CO 
■K-Q- 



locLoxgrn-oi! 

1X1J2 (j_c™-Q-Q-Q 

i to CO T "^1 CO (5 (0 
iOOtI cmOOO 



E E- 



D..> C > E 

?i ra ° 15 .1 



g en I en I 



T- >>T- >> 



" i- O OJo 
I 2 (D o-o 

CM CO C = c 
CM „ I O 'C CO CO 

>. (0 J; .t; -g en £ 



c ^1 g,l >■- 
£'^x o xo o « 
;\ CLn (0 XI CO tl i_ 
V o b'o h'o <o a> 

1 ^ CO -= to ■= f 3 c 

;3- Is" io EV c 

"CO I — I — ^ — 



en c 
_ .— 

■^ £4- "11 I 

>.0 XT3 13-DTI 
0^1^,0 CO to 

o H I .^ >. >- >.i: 
— S — o X X xi: 
cDraeD^oooo 

■- o >- 2£-9-e=- 

o.Q.0^1- So lo is "0 
m in 000 ( 



E| 



:= Q) — ^ 



*i' «* "^ 

5-gE 

o >•=■ 
^ >. 

S (0 o 

- CTT 
(1) to 'c 
== uTD ^ E 
CO CU 'F t CO 
^ t c O 

a) = £ ?o en- 
t; CO -5 :£ I ^ 
S -*a!2.Ec 
v> vy ^ I 3 - 

"0 o o z ^ o ; 

^ ^ ^ X E © 
>.>.>.>. >-"g 
< X X X -P X c 
3000^00. 

' to CO to I CO " ( 

ooozo ; 



I m to j- 
CM en t 

O en — O y 

>.£■«■§ 

P2S-CD- 



to CO ^ 
en en CO 



I ' I ' E 

.2 CM .3 CM ^ _ 
I ■DJ. -D J. ~ >• 
CM O >,0 >,^£ 

_L en o en o ° a> 
>. .0) . CD " c 



£>eBCDE^O>C>CCB=o 

•□ -^ x: > — -5 c -i; =! -^ =J > 

>*tOI"ti "tn'CO'tO'*ti ^^ 
P">CMtacM'"CM>CM>CMlO>, 

— ^73 >.^ >..3 >.T3 >-"0 >-iJ fe - 

Tia)Pa)2a)Eo)Eoco^E 
„ -=7 .3 >.§>." >..3 >..3 >- § 2 <o c 
. ?r-D X:ix-x-ox-oX:2-genC 

*? CD j:: .; £: > x: CD x: 0) x: „.- C c j) 
"> <!>■>< c\j5c\j 5cM-><cMxCM:5nffli 
s:5^ST§T^ToToTgT-i:^ 

riSE^E-o-E-E-l-S-^l 

.a)^0^(I)encD^^D^CB^i;_c 

jEiEiEtBE-iEiEigEg,^ 
;Xoxpx— xoXoXo>.coS 



ooooooooinoooooooooooooo oooooooooooooooooooooooooino 000 



m >• a> IS) T- m ■rf c 



coi^mmcoioin<35r«-inL 



J CO C3) '- o CO CO CO 00 ^— r^ CM in CD C7> CD T- o o o CO e3> C7) ^ o C35 en 

- - - ^---- COCO^CMCMO O 



cE 

■^ « 

o 

1 o 



i-< 



o o 

O CO i_ 

c^E 



§ 8 ^ ^ ^7 £££^ o c 






-►'J. -T3T3T3 £• -^. - , _ 

O 3 <» >.^ >. >. >.-S 15 £^ O -t O CM JO 

■ ~ " c j: 



CO 

:£ to to 0) 
to ♦J to >, 



2 = m > i. >• 2 ra ra ^.9 .g "5 >--^-i -p 

^■3^31 I 333CQ333 I 3, to CO 
m"cQcDCMOQmOQj.CDOQCQ CCOOO 



cOtlS 
I O to 

i. to 'o 



£ 0) 2 <1> 



= CO 



0.(1) 



to 
o ;= c 
xa to <D .5? 



5t;> 



_ c b c c 

3.1 gilEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE 



d) to o CO 

to >.'S-'0 
a) "5 ES 
o Q.i3.en 



E E-£ 
CD § § to 
T3 .3 .3 *- 

>. CO en CD 

^ V) V) Si 

to CO 

200^ 



CO Q, 
O - 



>.:2 

£E 

0} o 

E^ 

CO _ 

^^ X E 
^~~ 0) 5 

M " X g 

o oO o) 

^^ I CO 

to CO CM C 



CD "a . 






o a 



E E m ;£ .-g .g 

T3 ■□ 5= 5^ i2 ii 



^ 3 3 3 :3 13 =5 3 3 3 5 .3 .3 .2 .3 .3 



000 

000 



0000 

to to to to 

0000 



o o o _o 

to CO to to 

UOOO 



0000 

(0 to to to 

0000 



000 

3 CLCLtU 

lEEc 

nj lO nJ nj 

0000 



i&t^^iiiE-g-ii 

'O'S c" "000- « P " 
cE o «««£•" ra^ 

eDcOQ.9.PoooD-c^>. 
c a Q. Q. a. a. Q. o-cj ■§_ g- g- 



D-12 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



\ 



ooooooooooooocooo 



oooooo ooo 

OD O O O O O ooo 



o o o o o 
o o o o o 



tt O O 1- O CO o o o o o 
LOOOt-t— TJ-OOOOCO 



icvj^mmr^ooTf^^^-oooT- 

>'-'-'- CM CVJ CO CJ CM ■ ' 

■^■^■"^■"^■■^■"a-COT- 



COi-i-T-CMCVJCOCJCMTT'l-CMTl-Tl-rl-Tr 



Tf in (o CO ■.- o Tj- CO r~ 



CO m mco^mcD cOT-r^oo> cocoiocococo 
' 1 o o o T-cjoicnoo 

imy-T- »- CM Tl- 'J- lO to 



T CO CM '3- CM 



m CO CO CO CO CO CO ^ 05 CO CO m CO CO CO CO co coiomcococo incoco co co co cocomcoto 

^-OOOO OO T- 0»->- T-O O OO »- »-T-T-000 ^OO T- T- ^ T-0»-i-r- 



Q. (D TO 



■6 g o ®-*i: 



E <1> ® (Q 



t: "tj- c c 0) 



^E 

<D >. 
N X 
C O 
AJ I O w ■ QJ i» -" 
>•« CtJ SI j-i — 

>-c >• " C I C I I 
£ £ S-i; 0) Ti- fl) >3- 2 

i ?P-3 X X X X ? 
o o o o ±: 
£i^=i. C 3 3 £ £ .2 
« « n — ^^ -Q 5J 9> 7 
n'n'n o '-o =o =a '-o .' 



0) p I I I c I I 



O (D 



o ° o 

SSI 



I I I I 



J O) <D 

> o o 
o o 

oo 



(o CO CO (0 Tr m ■* in --^ 

CM'^"^"3t-CMi-CMCM^0 

I I I J3 I I I J I £ 

oooooooooo< 
OOOOOOOOOSt 



o 
o 
a 
o o 

So) I .£ .£ 



>. I. 1 — 



^§ 



, -D-O 



I I I I I I I 



I I I I I 7-^ I I I I I I I I I I 

y- CM O Q. CIVJ Q.m ^ CM CM T- Cil T- CM T- 



5 I ^ o I I I <u I 
:o;!:t.ooo-DO 
3i_-ooi->->--r'- 

Lo-^VooooO 

r-CJ t CMCMCM T- 



^ O 



>.4£ c — 
X >^ P 2 

9 S 
x: ^ j3 

1 x:fc-5 
CO o <1>< 



■~™e 
'5b 



rei 



CO .9 0) 
• 1 ao 
> P P ^ 




Eee 



10)1^00)1 IO>.l I 



i2 CM CM -"t ■* ■* 



00 S 



O c O-L 
^ CD^-Y 



J- i_ o p * 

o Q.;c E 
■'- >"0 £ 
O :£ I o 
_L a)CM i_- 

^et^< 

CM Q.OcmOcM 00"il-^CM CO»-T-CMCM 



i^Eo 



ES^ 



O io -p -p O O —=6 O O 



o o 

s:s:'. 

00( 



000 0000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 OOOOOOOOOCM 
1000 0000000 CDC0C;^OT-OOOOOOOOOC35OOOT-OO^t0OOOOOOOOOOO OOOOOCOOOOO 

<3)mco looooooo r^r«-f^cococomo-»-cMLOcoh^oo>oc3iooooocMOOcocMr^ooooor^ oooooooor^r*- 



ooco'<a-'*'-cMe3)cMiocnTfrr^Ti-Tj-o>cnoooooo'!}-Oi-cnoi-cocnT-0'-coco _ , 

COCMCn OJCOIOCOOOCM Cn05OTO)0)COCO^'^^^^'<^COCMCMCMCOCM^COCMCO^^Tj-COi— tnoocoocM 

CD mcDLOcocn co '^cotj- — 



r-CD C 

1- to c 

CO C7) CM 



CMt^OSOOOOiCO-r-^— r- 



cMt^f^ r-.cMCMCMU>CMCM r^t>»r-.r«-r~(ococDCDCDcococD'tcocou5ioooT}-<DooiocococouoincD'>i-T3-cM^m mco CO CO loom com 10 

^00 Ol-»-T-1-l-T- 0000OO0O00000l-00T-T-0T-00T-000-r-T-O.-T--.-T-t- T-T-T-T-T-T-T-Ot-T- 



0)^ 



3 (0 ? 

E £ " 
OOJ. 



Q.= 

o 

Q O 

1 ig 



: iS S <» " 

! S «5t3 
:.D.>.o m 
' . X 10 t; 



' o 5> < 



(0 2 



3 2 



= =-==-« c 

O O O O „ go 
■ - - ■_ •= "O c 



an) I o> ( 

JO eoc 



0) E 

O >.>.o 



o ■ 



0)73 iJ ra >- 
*- 5,(0 CO 



0) 



c cf c 

t N C X 

ro 10 o o 



E^E 
llxSg 

M N O o O 



irx£ o 

nsz Q.Q.c_ 

0) <B <D CD *" <D 

(0 nj (0 (0 ^ = 

O O O 0) Px 

o o o oi: o 

(0 (0 (0 (0 (1> 

(D <U 0) CD (D (D 



en CD 
o c 

11° 

) cu (U 
)00 






^ £ - - 
raroS E 

□. Q.Q.C 

a> 0) dj CD 

0000 



ra S ° c 0) 

£ IB _ -P (0; 

5-EEg.o' 



O M 
^ CO 

lO u 

-E 



n) 
o ^ 

CO ^i2 CD 

l-!i= JO .2 

"°i3 ^ o 



: <D O-C (D 



_ o o^ CD C 



CD C 
™ JZCO O CO 

o^^ o "O 
o'^ CO 59 2 

coco ^co •;- c 
fl> . . . 2 o 

5 CO CO CO ^ C 

c .c ,c |_- ^ 

t;?i t !t CD 

>: CO (0 CO ,0 



.9 >,.£ o 

it^E 

^5^ CD CD 
CD CD^^ 
0000 



10 CO 



10 <0 



.9 iJ 

o m o o 

0000 



?I t !t CD "o 

5 2222o 

<2 CO (0 co^ CO 

C CLCLCLdo 

L. -O T3 T) T3 TJ 5= 

CD CD CD CD CD CD CD 

4-' (0 CO (0 CO CO (0 

o -E c c c c s 

ra 00 00 00 

OOOOOO 






o 10 CO 
Ooo 



D-13 



Appendix D 



oooooooooo ooo 

______ ooooooooooooo 

oooooooooooooooooocooLOO-^a-cDr^oojr^ooi— cvjLooocvjr^ooo mooouoooiooo ooco 
r^'oio'rtr^T-^^-TtoojcjmcDr^cooi-LncjcvjOTOOco^-^TtLOCDr^r^r^cocDaDr^T-ior^ 



J oi r^ r^ csj r^ o < 



1-T-T-T- Tj- ^ lO (D CO OJ 



CDCOCDCDCDCOCDCOCO^^UOCDCDCDCDCDCDC 



0) a 



o nj' 
gcE 



0) <D <D O 

S <o c P 

<5 0) <»-c 

o.££a)<Bcc_ 
cE E£2=o=o o 

cccEq.''''''o 
0.0.0.0.0.^ 4!: " 

00000000 



T3 u) o 

<B -a 



o o 



XJ — 
D) (0 



ra 0) — — 



ra.9 



0) c 



£ m « ® ?» 
o o 00 "o 
00000 



^ o o u 



JZ_ 



SEE 



000000 



EE? 
° £ c 



P -K 0) >. 

o> 3 -o " E 

c <" ra o 

20E EE 

c c c c 






g= Q. 

ni n] 13 u c Q. 



EEE 

c c c 

E £ E 

"0 b "0 "O O 






00 



<0 E^ (D <D 
^ O „ (D E 



_.5 c o 
■4= "o (0 ro 



EEEra 
10 ra ro X 
n c c o 

c c g c 

O b b O O O O O O 



: 5ri;i;i:i:i: 



m 0) 0) 

o c c 
_c o o 

Q.^ ^ 
00 






"5"5 E <B- 
c c nJ tJ : 
o o-o 2 I 

bbooi 



(0 ra 
- O 
C O 



m 5 Q 
O ^ a 

— "^ >* 

a9S 



XI XI XI 

000 

000 



c-c 

o 

1 o 






0000 



000000 ooooooi— 000 0000000 
w'^^^*— «— x^« — _ w. — -. — ,, . coooooo oooooocnooo omooooo 

T-000 O OCOi-O O OOOTOCOOOOOOOOO OO^i-C\JO L0CDOOOOa)O<NJO CvJOOOOOO 



■^r*-ooo 00000000 

1— OlCDlOOCvJOOOOOOr^O 



lom COLO 



CO CO 10 CO 



CO CO CO CO 

oot-o ^ ^000 



^ 2 ra .3 o 

esEfS ■ 

*;.*; (i> oji 0) 

C C Q.C Q.C 

I J I m o o 

CT*<N^ 1- I 

I I I a.ocM 
000 0£ I 
o o o oO fl 
■cx: j:x: J. -S 
0000 ~n 



a> 



o 



a> 



O <D 0) "> 



C Q - 

o> o 

.c •= n r- r\ SI b: 



f— f- lOCOOOOCNJlOCOCOtOlO lOlO \0 r- 



co CO uo CO to m 10 10 CO m to CO CO cococooco^ 



[^tOtOlOi-C\JC\JC\J t-LOU>lOLOCOtO 



^ ^^ T- O *- ^ l-^O T- T-00 



EJe 



o 



0) 



TEOTVTE 

O OZt o 



— °J- 



i-z-N 



if T3 

=■•2 a o 

C O o o 

^si ° 

-S ™ o 

tl ex: £ 
o o a. Q. 
Igx: o o 
O g-o o 
' "-Sic 

£i5oo 

^1 



<B 

O oc >■ 

ro^s 

T30_ C 
CM O Q-Q. 

I I ao 
o CM o;c 
o i oO 

p|o2. 



- 0) " 



E.i 



O-m 

^2 

— o 
Ob 

§5. 

:5 c °^ i 
0) <u c 2 



g-:^ g::o ^ ^ fe 

P >.o t-^ a> <" 

9-0 Q-C1.0 m 1- 
2 t- O O I fl) o 

_o g- i^ ^ to - 



o ro en ,N OJ Q. 



'_ -CO 

iTJco 0) x: 



O 0) 

^£ 
o^ 

■D > *J 
COO) 

3-CO 



g:5 



(U I 

^ E 



OQ. CM O ■>!• 1- CO O CO 



COf 



oo o^>,o 
T\ >;x:x:^£x: 
V^OO'^tJO 

eOcicM 



raoi-DT->'><isjo 
o3S^Oa)S'£° 
_oo'Jo5E'ooo 



o|S|6£L2 

lAocMOri O 



>>X g — o~' 
c2g »>o g 
55. C O -g^Sr x: 

c .3 c 0) CM c 
0) o *^ o - o 
•2 'T I o '"- o 
O Q.CD ^ -^ _2 

2 o o c o ^ 
— ° ° o o o 

Ooo|o| 

ScocmO CM O 



E o o 
O ^ ;g : 

§ ^ •t 7 <i> o 



« 



O £=■= 

CM CO ■ 



i ^11 

a a ojct 

I I E I 

O Oc o 

0005 

sz sz ^^ 
O 0-2o 

Q. U> O'* 



D-14 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



1/5000000000000 OOOOOOOO CO o o o o o 

oooinoooo oooooo 



OOOOOOOO (OOOOOO 



OO O OO O OO OO OOO OOOOO 

OO O OO COOO oo oo o oocooo 
OO o OO oomin 050 OO o »-mooo 



_ _ CO CO C) (O CO to o •■- 

•<t 'a- CNj to ^ CO uo CO lo -St CNj <o (o T- CO in CO <o r^ CO r^ 



CO (O Cvj CO O) CM -r- 

(o in en lo CM cvi CM 

CO (OCO 



JCMCMCVJCMLOCDCMCDCM i— •<^mmiOCO*<^m COCMCOCOF^OO 

■■f- T- ■,-■,- y- O ■•- O ^ T- 1- »- T- T- O 1- T- O'-OOOO 



CnCJlCviT-^TTCOlO-'tC 



T- T- CO CO CO CO m <0 to lO CM CO to to 



OO OC3 O-r-O -r-T- OO T-x- OOOOO 






E>. 



^E 



5-E 

o 3 

■o o o 
ffi 0.10 

>.U fl) 



X (0 *; 

o ^ <5 



CM ">< 

II o 

■si 

to p 

eI 

</) >• 
O 0) 

o_ 

^ >• 



-"'■E5i = = = 



o£i 



c o 

o S 
o o 

R5. 



—.2 c o 

(/) o ^ 
») O 3 

(0 o c 



000 

3 3 3 

c c c 
000 
000 
000 

000 






§ <B £ ffi 
?: t- -t^ m 



ill 

c >.>..£ 
o o o <u 
o o OTJ 
0000 
0000 



■^_ o 

3 01:= 

'" ~ X X 
.- ^^ 
O '^ 0.0. 

■a5 E E 
0000 
0000 



>•£ 



SiJc 



>'0 



Wco 



-r I "O 

cnX _ 

N,:i.E 

I » .2 

_ ' 0) o 
- Q. Q. 
CM„ 



-Q. 



■S>.u aJa)(D(B(»a)m°8m?? 

OQ.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.cc.S.stt 

^Q.a.aQ.Q.CLa.att:t.t:33 

00 oooooo — OOOOO 

OOOOOOOO OOOOO 



o ^*^ 



£ 'o m "o = o 

(UT3 2t3-2t3 

c (0 5 « o <o- 

Q) <D ■" 0) t" 0) 



E-E" 

a) p 

Ee| 



(1)_(B_(B 

6 6 6 



|o.e 

© o 

0) <D — ^O 
O >: >; °- <» 
























m '■ 












<B ■ 




















CM 









































m . 













>. ■ 












c ■ 












CO • 
































=5E : 


O) • 








^i : 


?• : 








0) ■ 


0) . 
























5 pe 
n pe 

acid 
naiyi 














r^ ■ oLj - 








sziz ■ 0— • 




etiier . . 
etiier . . 
Less tlia 
•efined; 

3 

2-Buten 
mixture 
lents) . 


c 

CD 

> 

c 



O <D 



'00 , 



0) >.>. -"S.- 

o "D 5 5 ;o ^. 

■O "O O O O CD 
— ^.>» CO CO "o 
mO) 0)o o CO. 

!;>>>>>• >>o o 
Q (0 CO -- •- 



'"£ 



aiiiioo 

~ .„ CO 



<Z>< 'Pco = -g 



EiiS6£ 



° S T3 "5 T3 -O TJ T3 

CUCDCUCD003t^P33 

6666666 6666 



o 00 o o o o T- o to o to o o o o o o to o o 00 o o o 00 000 0000000000 0000000 

,— ,-0 o f- o o T- to 00 o to 000 00 o o CO CO CO to o o o o o 00 0000 0000000000 COOOOOlOO 

OOOOOOOOCMCMCOCMCOCMIO CO h^-CMCMCMI^OOOOOOT- ^OOJ Of^OOOOOO^— O t— OOO^tOCJ 

COCMT-tOCOCOCMtOO)lOCMC35COtOC3) Oi C3>C3>C35C3)CMC7)TtCMCOCO^a> COCOO) COtO-^tOCOCOOLOOO OCOCOh^f^l^CO 

OJr^OOCOtOr^Tj- COOO CMCO COCOCOCO-^J-tOlOCM OOI^OJ Tj-tOlOtOC3500^CO^-T- "• 

to ^— CO r^ CO r^ ^— CM co-'i- coco ^^ to to to to to to loio cm f--*- r^ 



to 10 ^ to to to to CO CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM 



2-2 



«2 s T 



<U C0<^ 
CO CO CO ^ ^ 



<U IB t^ , 



CD CD C 5 § „, 
C C CD S — o> 

c c -g^-g 2 io 
b b c c 9-co 



2g 
X b 
°E 

CD CO 

c, 

■e:5 

CO o 
^ CO CD 



CD c " 
5 S E 

.i.i|.^ 

EE|a; 
CO co^ g 



ID ^^^.2. 
P >.?">.aj £.£ >-P 

lO'^. O — ..^ P n 



■ m . 
X'- *" 
O ^ ©n 

p.e S O 



,Dc^-g>-e<DE 

to-ix5§:5"' 



»-CM^CM 

II II II M 
0000 



» O 
Q. 
C O 

11 

oio 



IB I 



H< I o| oooooo 



-Ei-8e££o| 
co^o-pbooocx 

2 « £ (0 O F F F S ,9 

■^pbooEEEoO 
jiOniooiocoioo — 

to OOOOOOOO 

nOoo— oooO 

r\ I r^ ^ I r» r» r^ 1 



CO o-'^ (0 CO t:_ o 
"iE8 8&^J^ 

&g°EEE.i5 

tob(Oioca"oc 

ocooooo 

(5 b O O O O O 

I "' o o o o o 
CO OOOOO 



ii-it.—— -^=5 o » 



'-o 0-5 

II £-5- 



CQ.<OCM=;- - 

cococococococo^coco(o.„coco«0)nj(0-£ 



'a 



El 

■Q O 10 

o (0 « 

CO .p 

-IB b 
1- C.3 
cB-c-o 



"o " ±: >. 2- cd" £ 
(0 c co.c£ c 10 
o i " -S ffi m >, 



? S 9 J. — - 



En 
o p 



■S'S-o'So=i 

iil i; <D -M TO ^ 

^^tS^x 

t: i: -c o .Q -b a> 



ID IB CD - -p I 
-^_ C C C 2 IB £ 

(0 -g F - - 



C CO ■ 



OOOUOOO-nUOO 
COtOCOCOCOcOCQ— COCOtO 



0000000 



3 3 3 3 
C C C C 
0000 
0000 
0000 
0000 



iS O O O 
t^^ ^ o ^ ^ ^ 
3 3 3 C 3 3 3 
C C C F C C C 
0005000 
O O O (0 O O O 
000 — 000 

uoo 000 



= E 



^j wy w/ v/ w rn rn .^ 

S o"o"o Oo"o— ' 

CO CO CO CO CO 

3 'o O "5 O c c o 

C03333OO3 
lOCCCCOOC 

■^ooooooo 
o o o o o — — o 
o-o o O O I 10 

oooozzo 



c^=^illEEEE|^»" 
o o o .0 « n « ra ^ "0 « I 

3 33p'0 = =30E 
O O o 9-3 3 3 ♦'*' o 3-5, 
'^ Oo--OOOCCOo*= 

OoEoooooooo) 

- — ii sooooo^ — op 

I T™ooo o o I o '^ 



D-15 



Appendix D 



Cvj O O O O O Cvj CVJCO o o eg CJCO O CM o 

■»Ti-unincd odT-cOT-t~-^cJodin'>3-r^^io»- 

0> 0> CO en CM *- -'d- CM 'S- C3) CO CO OT CM C:^ ^- 05 O 

inmif) T- tat- t-uj cd 



CO CO CD CO O) CO CO »- U5 CO CM 05 t^ C3> CO CJ r~- CO 

ooooo »- I- 1- ^-o^o o o o ooo 



lo ^r-- CO o o o o o CO lo oo 1^ o 00 omo o CO ocM 

T- CC3»- »- lO rr CM CO T- CO CM CO Tt O) CM CM t^ CD t^ T- CM t^ CD 
O CD O O O CD en r^ C3> ^ Tt CVJ CO CO CO to O en CO c 



CO r- CM CD 



T-^COOOlOCMi-I^ 



to o ooo oo 
O -r- ooo o o 
CMO coo O coo 

cd r-i d CD CM CD CO 
r~. CM 1^ CO o> en CM 



CO coco CO CD CM CO CO CD CD CD lO lO r>. r^ CM to in VO lO r^ CM CM CM CM 0> CM CM ^- CM 

O T-O ooo O T- O O 0»-»- O O 1- ^ T- 1- ^-O »- T- r- »- O »- ^- 1- T- 



(0 c 



oE 

^£ 

2 0) (D 

5.EC 



O 0) 



(13 i5 



5 c 0) 

■T: 3 Q. 

n) I 



s g 



CCMcD — 



oj 73 i >. 5> 0) j: 
X >,x x-S-cri 

^ V -^ -t^ <J o ■* 
o I o o >. 5," 

o — o oOn^ 
o cao o z CO 



5>» "J I 

f >.■>,•>, a) o 
7^ X X x-S-5 

O Q) Q> <1> _0 _0 

>-i: ^ ^ o o 
O o o o >,>, 
I oooOO 

^ooozz 






:ii<B 



Cl1S ■ 
(D O 0) 

ell "s= c 
>. O CO .§• . 



'WXOcCCCir — 

— 2"oranio>o>— ?■ 
>-5 (0 -fi ti Q.cii:£ 

^ >,o Q.Q.OacM E 
o o o o o ,-^ o — I 

O — O O O Vo CO £i ' 

ozooo— o 



g£ 



J. E 






D-E 

o >. O o 



5:_ g 



Q cj ^ 



O Q.^ •□ 



J3 -C i2 c 0) 9-.S 

Sgg^E^-go 

" >. >. I >.>.>< (0 

O O D.O O O Q 



000 



£ X 



.9- o. ^ ^ m 
^ c t ™ § 
ES obi§ 0) 
oi3 aj— c c 
lI >. O (0 ID n] 
^^ I c o o 
(Q nj CO flj (D 0) 

00 S OQQ_ 

0)0) caa)TiTa>fl>o><Da>a> 



(1) g> 0) 

" "-^2 000 
c>.>.o u o u 
(Q o o n] n] (0 (Q 
o c c 



: CO 



? S"5 
£275a 
ID a. 

^ CD O o2o 
" O Q o o o o 



cE 

:s « 

cr. 

o 

".5 

1 o 

J) n 
■S5- 



00000000000000000 O CO 
00000000000000000 in T- 

00 O CO O ^- CM CO ^ -^ m O CD CM O O O O CM 



tcooooooo ooooo 0000 000 

CMO 000000 O OOID O O OCO O O 00 ______ 

o o m ooooo o oocMinm ocM «- o coo ocoooooo 



m^m»-Tci-cj)cnen 



) CD CO 00 CM in i-~ en 



T- CO CO 00 "S- ■* CM CM CM CO i^ CO CO CO c» en M- CO CO 



CO CO CO 00 00 CD o CO CD Tt CO CD o r^ CO CD CO CO CD CM Tt CD en O *- CM ^ 



t^ CM 1- en r-. r- CO 



r- m 1- 1- 



CD CO »- CM ^— '^ T- (D in in CO r^ co co co co co 00 



^ m m 10 



T- CO 10 CO CM CM r>- r-. r~ m CM m to CO CD CD in co co 

00 "-O T-T-OOO ^ ^T-T- OOOi- T- o 



I n . 

CM I- < 

CM o >■ 

-1 Q.-0 

^21 

fflg-T 

Eiiin 
o I 

— >''3, 

>.o ? 

0) ¥ 



CO eomcDCMino eocococOT-mocDcoin cocoinr^ r- co co co co co co m 

■,- ^^O t-^- »-t-t-»-Ot- T-i-OO^- O O T- O Ot-OOOOO "- 



I 

S ° 






A (0 
00 

c c 
00 
■5 3 

^ w< w tf) Ui 

™ CO 0) 0) (D © 

© c c c c c 

© a) 0) 0} 0) 0) 

E2EEEEE 

lI =13 3 3 3 
O OOOOO 



O)™ 



oi£"S>:E4 
o0|q;30t, ^ 

<OQ..EOT>.9!f4^£ 



m o , 

-is 
» o 

£ V © 

3-i 5 



2o5x2Eo 



2^« 

(0 (0£ 

>.■>>'>. 

c c c 

EE'E 
333 
000 



oj2rora-i^EE*=k-©P'!;;Fu 

i-^-i^ ©SimUOjc'ra'© — 
©2(DOo-g-§03S'9-C>. 

S>,(0O>,OOYO^ rat; o = 

aocMo4oor-o z o 



c © 

Q.© 

I c 

CO © 

o £ 



/nL.©U>-(l)'n© 

© 0)^ © © Jc ° .c 
"t o^ o o ° "^ 

m^'«^=S«Co"« 



S o E :o 5 © .y (B .« -I 



10 ©~ " 
O 0573 :§ 

22|oS 

X X 'o 2 :□ 

© o o 75 o o 
=££-Q c <o «~ 
— 10 10 2 o o S 

^T3T3 © C t c 

ra c c £ ^ ^ ™ .2 
o ra ra-o 3 3 pji 



X n) 

5" 



CO to >,53 _ C C C C . 



2-=000*;P.Uc>-Q.©©mm©©©o©000<''©©I 

""!-§■©« c'S ©©SNQ.NniraoorararaP'O"'"'™'"©©!'? 

».==C3U©4l.£.s.sO.(O^©©©e^Ua}Q)0.^{U(U(])O)©OO~ 



C™~~:i~^~~22:U00o000OO 000000 g.^X 

(aoooooooooooooo-LJ,oooWoooooooE 
OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOr-^OOO OOOOOtS-cm 



D-16 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



oooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo oooooo 
^ oooooo 

o mo ooo 

J cj r^ r^ Tj- eg i^r^ooodh* 
>or^coom (^ o r-. m r- r^ 

• Tt CO CD -"T >- i-tOCD (DCO 



CDCDCvlCDO<0OCDCNJCD»-CMC0C0C>JC0C0Or~-C»5CT^C0C0O»-O|-»C0OC0 
CDCDCDLnLOCDCOCDCMCOmm00U5O)CVJCMC0CDCJCOr~T-CDLncncOCDlOCD^ 

CD CD cv] »- CO CO CO CD o CO T- 1- 1- oj o CO c:> »- CM CO coco 



OLOCO c 
COCJCM 1 
1- O 1 



T-»-i-^ CO CO CO ^ lo CO CO CO CO CO in CO (35 in cvj O) <3> <7) CO CO m lo lo c\j U7 CO in CO CO CO CO ■<t »- en »- in u5 CO m CO m CO lo en cvimcocococo 

y-T-r-^ 00»- »-^ O^O^Ot- »-0»-0 OOOt-t-t-t-»- T-^ »-■.- Oi-OO T-T-1-^1- »-T- T-^ r-T- »-0 ^ t- O t- O O 




eg X g xnaa 

CM 3 CM 3,1 Q 

■— -^ -— -^ in ■ — ■ 
QQQQ 






'^xicDCDini i^xixiiximixi^ 



■■-•<4-'*CDCD'^.^^^^^^^^^^^_l_ I a 



cvjQ'4'CM<NOcoOOojcvjCMQQQOOOOcMQOQT-Q'r-c\jcMCMCMZOOQQQOQQQQOQ: 



:QQQT3o 

» I I I So 

CJCO CO o o 



ooooinooooooco ocMc:?in>-ocMOOcoo ^-co^-O'a-o oooco oomoo oo o oo oco mo »-r»r^oom»- 

lOCtjcM'* 

cnT-»-ininmc3)c 



cgoop«.c>jooioc3>Tj-coo)r-.comc3)^t~.r«.ocn'>tcor-»coio<7)ocDOio t^mooxncooocDCMcooio 
CO o CM CO CO r^ ■>!• 1- •^ t- ^ ■■a- CM CO CM in Ti- CO CO ^ ^ CO en ■^ '4- i-co t- en to to m •- cd cm en o o lo cd 



CMcococDco r- CO m -"i- CD lo co »- »- cm i- co cnco"*CD cocdcot-cd 



cm »- CM CD CD CM CD CM r~ r» 



cDeoojcMincomeommcMcoiococomi-cocncDioin'a-CDioencncnco cocomcocomcor^mcocoioeo 

000t-t-t-t-0t-t-i-0'<-00^t-00 0t-7-»-0»-0000 t-t-t-OOt-OOt-OO^O 



nj 






=S^2 
<d|o 

■S O CO 

CO "'-^ I 
o - o ( 

^®"7^l"l"l""'^ 

g;;^ g « « ra -e S 

o"3-o 0) 
Q.m >.£ 

^ c 

>.>.(» nJ 



9 o-i 
(d CO g 

0) o (0 

ilii 

<D d) fc-g c 

EESraS 

X X X X X 

0) (D 0) 0) (D 
QOOOQ 



«• O ™ Si 

<5 o a> i-^ 
E|ii2.i5 

Q.S X „ *- 
£ <U OiJ CO 

ni E 0) « 2 
o o o o -fc 
i: i; nl c c 
X XQ gig 

QOcoO 



> o 
0)3 

T3 C 

R) n 

o£ 

E^ 
CD n) 



c^ — nj © > 

llisjflp 
llvlIPlI 

nj nj •— nj *- (0 (0 nj i 

obobzoobQ 




O (D 

1° 
0) u 

<o E 

O 3 



D-17 



Appendix D 



o oooooooooooooooooooooo 



m cO'*CTOT-cvjco'<jT~(DOJCjr-'3-r~t--coa>'-cMOio 



CD Ot-OOCOCOCOIO 



oooooooooooo oooo 



n (O 00 CO oo <o <D CD CD t^ t^ »- O lO CD r-- 



■r- o m i/> cvj CO'-OOCNJ 



CO CO CO CO CO CO r^ r^ 



1-t^t^ r- r^ 



lo co(Dcvj'<;i-'<t'«:rmoo^cf)cocO'-coLoincvj<3)^^inc\j 



CM CO CO lo Tj- CO m m m lo ID CO TrcDiom 



Y- OO-.- >- 1- Y--r-0 »- ^ O O'- O >-■■-»- O"- ^----T- ^ ^ O Ot-^Oi-i- »-»-»- O i-n-T-^ 



<i).3 
o o 



iE 

t o 



Ey u _y 
"o'o o 
p CO fli (0 
§ o o o 
c o o "o 
o i:!c jz 

t o o o 



c o 
" E 

^1 



if 

ii 0) o p 
c ^ c t 



nj o ^ 
i: o c "' 

o o o 



Mttlliiiflllstiiii 



o ,_ 
E 0) I. 

3^ (1) 



o^ — o - 

E ^ CO CO 



0) (U 

oE 
= < 



•DT3 
C C 
O O 
O O 



«'aBBra£Y-o-o.E 

^EE5p»l^^^^^tE^-^^i 
■■ o g-s-^g-c °-^ o o o o o >.>.Jrl:!: § 

;Oa,o)a)t(0(oQoo<jooooQ(Da)jc 
!oi!:!!:il:3>>.i >,>.>.>.>.<Da) i cocoi: 
)ooooooo'-ooogo"g'gcoojg)0) 

ibbbbbbb^'bbbbbbb cJ b b b 



OoE.E--g 
E g O -n "' o 



« 0^ o- o oi5 

SS.Eg£^£- 
0) N N (a 0) >,o 

O -Q :§ 0) •= <B ^ 




■If 

'it 

« ^ N -_ 
£•<!) S — £• 

£ o£">,E ra-r- 

Ei' c +^ ^ ^ ■— 
>• fc OJ I t £ 

■t- I — CD -= Q.£ 

<» o o I E cot 

c c o i5 o a) 

JO >, >, ™ 0) >-2 

>--c^ >-q£2 
£ 0) a)£ — <■> I 

Q I _Q— ^3 

1 ■<)■ I I I I 
cgcj'^co o CO 



EiS; 

>-t: j 
£.9J1 



oooooo o oo oo oo oo oo oo oooo oo oo ooo cgoo 

-OOOCOCO O coo oo oo oo oo IDO oooo oo oo ooo lOCDO 
OOt-^O 0)1-0 00 100 0000 00 0000 050 00 OOO OOO 



cnoooooooo 



CD en CN 1- CO '* O) 00 CO 00 CO r^ >!■ ■* OJ O CO ■* CD CO •^ t^ CO C3) CD O »- CJ lO CO CO OO CO 
-^COLOCOCO 1— CD O CD oo lO 00 C7) CO C3) C3> OO CO O) O) CD CO O) O) Oi Oi Oi ••- t- lO 



CO CD Cvj CD CD COCO CD CD CD 



00 T- CO coco c 

T- O ■•- T-COC__ 
T- |-~ r- »-CviC>lCMCM CM r- i- 



co CO CO CO CO CO CVJ CO CO to to CO CO to to CO CO CO CO CO lo CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO u> to CO CO CO CO CO CO 



OOOi-OO 



,- T-T-l-l-Ol-l-T-Ol-OOT-l-OOOl- T-T- 1-1-T- 1-T-T- T- T- T- O »" 1- ^ 1- T- X" T" 1- O »- 



o 

"^ 

1 o 

O Si 



111 



: c c 
> a> CD 

1 J3 J3 

) o o 



O IM *t 



.2 I SI 
O I <» 






I 



300^ 
-9-c 5 (0 

<DCD ■.- P 

■Q i 1 o 



§ E, 



O O O 3 

o o a> o o oiE 
o o ^ o o o g 

ibbicbbb o 

I 1 c5 I I I £ 

- to M- t "S- CM O 
) CO CNJ OJCM CvjQ 



)^^^^ 



"o ■£ ■£ 

TDT3T3 
CO 10 10 

1- CNJ 10 

I I I 
000 

°°° 



"1- » £ 
a5<D "• 

a,£.| 

■>,CVJ COT? lU 



(Q CQ (Q n] 
O CJ o o 



CDtJ- CO 

TJ-I- 1- 



SmJ5 

0) <D!iL>'l 

c £— £ >.<D 
J5 ro <i> 0) 5 c 

?• >■■£= J, 5- .2 

^ r- -t^ CO ^^ 
■S Q) <1> I ££ 

■dxj:c:c t c 
o o-^-^ o o 

o o b b o o 

^ j: I I ^^ 
O O CVJ CD O O 

bbi-'cvj'bb 



(Do — — — — 

C — 0) 0) flS Q 

5) ^ o o o o 
j3 ^ (0 nj nJ 
o o g'g-S' 



j5 
1_ 1- >. 

to m o 
0> <B E 

■>,>.^ 
o "5 



0) X X (D 



>-.*: .ti.tioooocooi: 
>i I i(Da)a)<i)E<i><Bo 
=,. . ._ — 0.CL0 

ra o o.a 
o o o I 
9-bQ 



i: o ■ 
E-- 



8a 



^ I I I I I I 

CJ CD CVJ TT Tt tT ■* ■ 






Cvj 



>. I 

gc|2& 

O O^TJ O 

To CVJ co" £i^ CO 



5 






>• : 9- 






<B 2 ° O 0> <■' 0) 

■5 £ o o -c o -c 
o ^ O § O .10 o 

o — b o-o -to 
? 2 c ■* ao ■* o 

°b.2cj— QCvJQ 

^ I "D — ' >• I _- I 



(0 c 

to 

^« 

== o 



.E t 



:ico - I ^ CVJ X CO 



c o c 

(0 1- 0) 
Q.Q.Q. 

.|^£:._ScijS 

i; Q. I Q. 

•^000 

000 

5000 

.bbb 



-co 



Co n 

S S-.2 E 3 

o Q. o t I 
t_ «• t- >^co 
clE Q.a I 
o o o o o 

o-c o o o 
siMsi^s: 
oQ o o g 
bj bbb 

I I 



J T- CVJ CVJ CVJ CM C 



JCVJ CVJ CNJ CO O CO 



LIJ 



7 CO - CVJ CD h- 
- CVJ CO CVJ CVJ CO 



D-lf 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



000000»-00000000000000000000000<OOLnOOOOOOO 



oo o oo o 
oo in oo CO 

CDIO Tj- lO "- CO 



■<j- CO to o r- o U5 Tj- 03 r~ (o r^ CO •>* CO T c\j r>- »- oo CO o> o> CD eg 00 in IT) 1 1 00 CO 00 o T ■q- •* C3> o ■* co oo 



J CD CO r^ CO CNJ Tf ^ 



r^r~ 1- -r- 1- 



C\J CO T- CO -^ lO 
l/>CO Tt in CO C35 



^-i-inin*-LncoLncotninmi— cDr^f^cNjinmcocococococMincDco 



in T- T- T- r-- m r^ t^ CO CO co co co cor~-cn 



OOO O^ »- t- OOOi- '-'-oo""" T-1- t-t-Ot- ooo o T- ^- T- ooo 



CD 
CD <B.^ 

™ "■& 
s: CD -5 .e oj 



cdoSS 
c_.£ b o « 

t: CD g-s O 
-c-5 2 o 



-E 



— c 

*~ 1 



>..3 

Q.T3 






£ o o E o> o — 



=^=^ fc J5 CO 0) Y '[^ i <B o 42^ " *; — ££ 3 <D j. ^f , i= 

CD CD t: o -S 0) -^iS -rir-^ai <n ^S a o^ I l^ii-i-i"^l 
x: j: "o 1- P-— ?io>'?ooti3.r)o»:-:^-;; >.t; >• >- 2"— 




,. o o a> 

<B 0)1 I ^ 

-= c >.>.'0 

l\3 C +^ +j — 
C Ti Q. d>- 
O CD CD X 
4= O -C ^ CD 

^ O) j_ X ± 

bbbbh 



c 2 5 

O 3 3 

^ o'o 

_ N rsi 

Tec 

' CD CD 
.fc J3X1 

Q. I I 
CD r^r~. 

XII I 

O.>,>,0>>, 

0) ££ ia£ 
- CD cu E © 

£-ee|e 

cT3TJ-£t3 
r- CD ' I CO I 
.E ^ CM OJ o c^ 



£ CO C CO"aoMCM-:r., 
CO p O C O I I ? I CD 

C > ?i; o ofc O -s 
CTTbS^'-'-a)'-™ 

9> o o ^ ^ ^ — 'S: 5 
.^-b-b9QQ|Q£ 



CD "2 

•oo 

C CO 



o.™ 



OCMXJ 


JC 


>. 


^ 


CM 


o 


o 












X 


O 


^ 


m 




XI 


■o 
1 


c 

CD 


CO 

o 



x^-p 



^ ^ a 
2 2™ 

2 2 <D 

C C 0, 
CD CD £ 
-'I - C3.Q.C0 
i-CDXJt; O O C 



a> >• I 
E^ 



CD JS 
O O 
CO >. 

oO 
>. — 

O CD 



£-oQ CD 



n*-r>a).=:COr>oj. ^T3 "O q^ 

' cE b b — 

Oj'-C 0:E£ O O O O^ 
— ■S-OdQ-i-D-D-D^ 

— ' I 2.>. >.>.> 



Qi: 



QQQQCDCMCVJ CM 



coco*^co ocoilcM E £ CO CO CT£ ;£ .n'^^ 

b T-"cM b b b 



ooooo ttoo oooooooooo oooo oooooooooo ooo oo oo 

ooooo cooo oooo oooooo oooin oooooooooo oco o oo oo 

ooooo ocotj- oooooo ooooo cooocoooo oooo moocsioocD o oo oo 

cnodcncMco 03 or-! c\j'*in(Dt^incocDi-c>JT-co^coinincdr-!'^or-!T-cM'a-cnr^^ cmco i-in 



J t- m CM CO CD c 

r^»- coc3>r^ -r-t 



)Ooooini-cM'--r--r-cocvjco 

- CDCDCDCMCO 



oooooooooo 



i-cjior^i^cococM-^co 

CNincDCDincOCM(3)CMCO 



CM <N CO 



_l_ 

C <0J 



+; CB^ 

" tj " CO CO 

.3 ^ § E 3 ra 

H <D S= - 



2 1_ CO ;p: CD O 0) 

a.2 o ^ CO CO il 

I >> - CO - - - - „ 

'" ^2'6!2;225^ 



io<»E 
S <bO.EJS 



_ <0 c» 

■52:2 

„ o o 

3 CO CO 

c= > 
o o > 

^ O O O CD 



° °iJ io 



O (1) CD 
Io CO 



^ w _-'o 'o o 'o !^ 

Q_CO>.COCOCOCO^ 

^=6 .0 c .2 ii .2 .2 2 



S22c^g>.0OO000«33g, 



COCDlOtOCD COCOtO O) O) O) O) O) lO lO U> lO m *- IT) OJ lO CM CM C\J CM lO CM t- CM CM OJ UO CM Tf ■'^ -^ -^ '^ CO CO in t— i- lO i- lO lO lO tJ- 



To® 

CO CO 

ii 

T3T3 

o o 
CO o 

C Q. 



CO CO 

2 2 
'c'c 
o o 
szs: 
a.Q. 

CO (0 

o o 

^ JC 
Q.Q. 
CD CD 

c c 



Tj sis:: 

2 0) 0) 

^EE 

>-lO CO 

o c c 

^ 0) CD 

CO _5;_^ 

CD CD 



CO CO 
O O 




u,2£S-2i 

LuSii c:£ ra X o o 

QcOcoCB^Cg-C-S 

E--=^— o5>.o Q- 

->.>.>. >.i: X -c >. 

X X X X I CD Q.X 



-=CDCDCDCDt-x:_CD 

o £ £ £ £ -L >. ^^ 

>, CD CD CD CD CD ■ "' 



— .2 !? Tti-C ^ JZ ^ ^ 



I I CM^ I 
■^ CM CM CNJ CM CM — '+^ CM 
Q) iiiiiiiiii I g> J_ 

bbb5oi5obb 



D-19 



Appendix D 



o o in O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O OOOOOIOOOOO 

OOOOOOmOOOOOOOLOOOOOOO) 

Ot-OOOCD-^OOCOr^OOCVJOOUOOOtD 

cOTj-cocooioooooor^co^ojco'^t'^r^iooj c^jocdcdcmcococotj-^". 

io^-CDCD'^uor^coO'*-or^cn'^cocooocDuor' -■ — 



CO r^ r^ (^ ^ ^ 



O O lO o o 

CD CD CD LT) CO 
Tf CD CD CD CD 

CO r^ r^ CO CO 



CM o LO CO o r^ o O) 

00 00)0)CMO)^0 



- E 



■ 5 (D 0) 
. (0 ^ c 



l-l. _ 
O 0) o 

■ "a S 



■o o o 
SZZ 
£ O O o n 

^22130 



0) o> 

£■0(0 



O T3 



I o O m 

bob 



3 > !o 0) fc 

15 Q b b b 



n) ^ ffi E 

l':^ S <!> 

^ o c 
ra nj-a <B 

P ^ -77 XJ 

Scrap 

(0 t j_ -C 
(D b (U <U 

E-EE 

QZOQ 



o £ 



(U o 
_ o 
>•>• 

.ig 

-2 <D £ ? 
2S§c2S| 
= c S S So 

C 0) c N N (D o 

CO XI 0) si S i^ 
X X >•■£ -o^ X 
o o X 5^ S-t; o 
££°2g?,£ 

(U <]> ^ ^ ^ X <u 

EE It; o^E 





SI 


E 


m 




F 




Q 


u 


""' 






E 

?° 

E-= 

I <D 9 

• "-5 
: ra Q- 

i £ ^ 
i 0) 0) m J 
I o o £Z 
1 J5 i5 nj _L 

^ >. >> Q. >. 

: ££=5^ 

I Q) 0) 03 d) 

'■■ EE>.E 
i b b 5 b 
: z w E 2 
:z0 5z 



Ez 



P (B O 
^ 0) O 



o€|zS§ 

2oS%^ 
2 2 2 -S TTc 

£ cE« 
5 2 2 £ = « >- 



(U <U O O' 

_ <B <D ■; 
c c c 

EEEi^^i 

>. >.>.-t^ i= p -^ 
£ £ £ c "• - '-' 

EEE9=6T'i- 
bbb Q. Eoi 



■ C d) 

"Era 

o q; 

§2 

0,545 
!"D 03 
I "C >, m 
1 o^_ 

ioll" 

logo) 

■■h'l^ £ 
sz—B 

Q O £■ 

ceo 
x: j: _ 

o o t: 
c c 0) 

III 

>.■>. 



'ra 

EEtJ 

QQ E 

' ' ^ 
cvj eg Q 



0) o> 
22 



0) (1) 

E£ 
>. >. 

csz . 

o o 
c c 

■£'£ 
2 2 
>. >. ; 



m t CO 
c 10 c 



^^ ^^^ 



(0 £ 

a 



!ee 

bQ 



-> f^ -* 



. '• . 9- <» o 
■B— E 2 2 
"5 ffi o Q. p E 

£ CMq.„ OL Q. 

0) I o o o o 
E c22 Q_Q. 
o c £ E o o 
2 £ « ra 2 2 
Ei >•>>££ 
2 £'B 5 i5 J2 

£iEE££ 

E9^TEi 
Qcii E-^Qb 



■0 


(S 


« 





3 
C 


E 




4) 


C.C 











■5 








Q5 



H< 



ooor^oooooooooojoo 0000000000000000000000000000000000000 

OOOICOOOOOOOOOOLOOO ojooooooooooooooooior^ooooooooooooocooooo 

CMO^coooocjmiOT-ioooi— o cocoooooo[^ooocJooc\jooomio*-oooiocNjoooo^— 000000 

W<Dl/>tDOOO)Ocnododo)0)05<DO)0 0*-0,Trh^COT— OC0CC0l0^r^[*^CJOOC0CMOC0LO00r^c0CDCJC000C0Tt00Ojr-«.CDT- 

CO O) CD U> <D CM CD CD 10 (D in ir> CD to CO T- h^ CO r^ t^ CD CD ID CO ID CD CO r^ o r^ CD CO CO C3) CD CO CD CO o r^ CD CO CD CD r^ r^ CD CD r^ t- CD CO 

y~ f- CD r^ r^ r^ o f- r^ r^ cm co co co cj co r^ r^ cm -^ r^ cMcocor^r^ cdcmco^-^- 

r^cDr*-r^ioo)cococoiocoioiocoioio cMcOTrcoioiOT-iomuomi/>cMCMco^-*-i-iOT-^-^-f-mco^r-mijOiDcocoiou>^mcM'<t 

OOOO^OOOO^-Ol-l-l-^T- r-0'>-0»-T-^t-T-T-T--I-0^-0T-T-T-l-»-1--r-T-T-0T-'-'-'I-00l-1-T-T-1-l- 



x-is 

2 cro) 



c_ 

o >. 

c c c 

C O (0 

CO o o 



o 5 
9-E 



.T-i:oP2ooEJ!£ Q.£ < 
-ocS-occaEcDOa)! 

15 o :t « 2 o •5.-S. o I =6 cu :§ : 

£0 . 0) C» I C S N N N E^-CM-lD-' 

g p o •" Q-cM ^<i><l)CD(l)(fl|CMX:co! 
E c 5 _ o ..S ^ n ^ J3 — >, I -js I : 
ra 2 c s^S o4 E >- >■ >- >•■- X >- 2 >> i 
S -K ~ c:fc I §xxxxxioxEx 
c §■ S-Q. oo2oooo — ilO-Soi 
Q.-fc £ ffi tl "O >.X) T3 T3 73 X >.T3 >.-a j 
COiS >.>.X >.>>>.>.o^ >>X >-C 
O O O O^^ O^^^^i-p:^ 02? 

■fe-D-o-obb-bbbab ^1 q ■□ q ■■ 

£££^Uy CVJ^tT Ttt |=-CMCO£lD ' 
b b b b CM%-" b CM Co' CM CM b cm' cm Q CO 2 



0> ^ O 

2^ « 



i5 c t^ 

O C o — 
n2^ OJ 

2^3-0 
■C o <" S 
V " c o c 
Ecb'I'cO 

4lllt 



O (]) 

2 '3 

^Xl CD 



ox: 
£E 

c E o> 

EE2 

22 E 



- J52f 

• U>,2 CD >• 

, nj o (D<^' ^ I 
en i= >. I CD Q. 

a>^2o «>- 
,p I -o^££ 

2(11 >.P,(D (D 

- .— 2^E £ 

'm99Q o o„„„ 

^I'T'COOOOOOOCOCnOOOOOOO 

O-Z Z fC. o ,0 m m en <n tn <n 'J ~ m en m m en _^ ,^ 
Z2cd'QQ Q Q QQQQQQQ (5 bb bbb 



£ — -E CD 

2 CD CD O 
C C C I 
-n CD CD O 

-■>.>.s 



O CD X 

CD ra ^ E CD ^ 
15 ro 10 2 15 ™ 
2££_ 25 

T3 ^XI >.T3 SI 

a a.a.o a a. 

c 

>.>*>. ecj >» >, 



Z£ 



x: Ji 

. o o 
c c 



CD CO 

C CO 

o c 

c E 

CO 3 

(D O 

Q.CO a> 



co-g c 

<D XT ^ 

t£lS 

n LJ -1 <- 



: CD^ 
'<D Cjig 

1a 



Ofl®cD2 cc cc---" 
"Sc^iS'B'ccS'U'BaiES 
Q-£ S?~2cfcfc.EMNc-oS 
^£2S-qp22=SS2>,t; 



Tic-'^s;T3'cr''5 '^ — — — = >- 

«-iog.^E>,>,co»-o5 



33:3333JDX13Q)Q)0OOO 



1-° 

--c>t"2a:o:2 22:^ff2D- 

>, >, CO E >.>-o o >.>,>.>.>.>■>• ° 

Ps: cLQ.aaj- ^ acLci.Q.Q.a a.i2 

I I o.— CLCLUi <n 0.0.0.0.1^0.0. I 
OOOQOO — —0000000- 
m en en , 50 en Q Q en en en en m m en 2 

Q(5q £Q(5cmcmQQQQ5QQz" 



D-20 



Synthetic Organic CItemicals, 1988 



oooooooooor»oooooo 
oooi/)i/500ioommoooooo 
oo»-p~oomoooc3>cocooooT-oa) 
r^i^cdoJr-^t^ton-'tooinootDioh.o 



Sooooooo oSoufjinooiooiniooooooo 



T-Y-T-O^-1— ^"OOOOOOOOOO 



oooooooiooooooo 



T- OO O O O T-T-'i-CJ< 

T-T-f-T-1— T-T-T-T-t-^CVJCO 



r^iv,r«.i^t^r~r~r»r^r^^'n<\iio 



O O O OCMO 
O O 1— O 1- o 

m o CO o o o 









C C 

EE 

n (0 



(D c 
>.<8 









O 0> 0) 

o 0) o 
n o 3 
,^— <" nj 

■2 •!■£•>< 

2 -I H £ 
o 0)"— -I 

— -!^ ■« IS w 5 ^ 



O'-"] fl o fc o 
.2 o 'c x JL .5i o o o >.■>. 

sia,^r-E°.i^cJ,.icJ,cJ,cJ, 



: nj? § fl 5 <D Q.J. 
££t5^«»EE«o 

<U 0) ? C-F 

EC fc >,>.>. >. >..£ i: 

u!,u!,ZEE£EEOii^ 
cviiozbQbbbO 



To ra 0) -s "S >• - •" " "• i-i5 i2i52-,S 

Offl||o-0())OOOcvr(2°<N???13? 

II It ? ^ « '° '^ <4 i i ^4 i '4<4'° ^"^ ^«i 

11 i >.f E E E E E E EE E EEEtE >-.E 
99S«99bQQQQQQQQQ9.E9J>9 
4^: <i I Z>.ri/y./ ,i ri. ri ri. ri. ^i,ri,=L^i,^^i 
Z2cgi5z2coco"co"cocoP)co"cocococo co co 




?'EEEEE^^|Eg:5D?? 
o999992239A^^^- 



I OE; 



bcocobcococococo'QQ Z'^ O 



(D O 

o£ 
II 

5° 
o.>.Q._ °-a 
^a> oS 2>o 

£ >, >, c E >, 

I 0) o p I a) 
^-EEb«E 
Sbi5 Ob 



S . 

(U o 



o°«2eS°S222!SESgSSS?^Sg§ §§§§§§§§§§§§§§§ 8§i?ogi 



ooocviooor^OTj-ocn^-inoooo o ooo 
or-.t^oincMcnoot^cncocoocoou5 lo ■^9'=° 
CO (D T-^ ui ui '-^ cj <3> <o I- Tf cri g ^ to CT T- g ocor^ 
oco^ooocoo-r-inr^ujt^coCTT- co co^-cvj 

CO CVJ CO CO CM •* CO 1- OO CM 0> CM •* CO COCO 



oooooooooooooooo 

I^OOOOOLOCOOOOt-OOO 



O O O O) U5 Tt O 

i CO -q- 1^ <d •^ ■*' 



inooo<ou)oo(0 



Tt CM CM CM ■* 



CO y— ^ T— -r" y— -r" r' t-t-^CO'T'~CM CJCM 



cor^iocom'^iooo^ 



giogggcocMgcowujgcMUJiocviggggcM t^! ^ ^ " j^ ^ S ^^^ S S S 2 g g g g g $:^ ?i ^ 5 ^^^ 2 1? 2 ? S S J^ ?! S 



>< « 

P 0)^ 
T3S£ 

CD h c 

£g-a 



<0 

"0£ 

o E 



>.-a 



o^ •a. 

-8 :i 



E<9 

It 



® c c 



m C '^ 

g E o 



' J, «> ■3 ^ 



(3 K) 'W 

(0 m 



-(O^tCpBjB, 



Q.Q.<n n B) 



:>->-oEg 

!330~iSl-C-o-0-D-dT3T3T3T3 

• -9 ■*? 2 S >■ £ S o o o o o o o o 



Oi3|S-:E£-^C .C3BK 




o o >< E |.i=-=-cl' ifl-J E E E E E E E £ 
" " o -S '~^«^«^ iS|-o-loooooooo 




■^ t r- V^ -^ V-v .t V^ 



■»-:*jr /i\+:^"t;*:;'!;:;-»--irT:: r- 



af£b;§:§999i 



E>.E.i 
Pfs9^ 



E .ill 



" E E^ci E2z;-cmZ.yZ EcmZ E 
^a'a z'cM'b z'z"t-"cm'z z zq cm'z S 



999^-0999 ^99 J •St5t5^-St5tSt5t|99|^-9::^i I I i^Q 1 I g 
^- ^zz E §ui,ui,q EZ^z E E E E E E E E ^E^.^l Ey"IT-°^-55 -""-f-f-l 



JcM'dQz'-^z'QQbQbSbS Qz"z'Qtj-cm'ot ZZZcm'cm'ZZQ 



D-21 



Appendix D 



OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOtDOOOCMOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCOOOOOOOOOOinOOCOlOO 
oooc\imoooi* ____ _ _- _ _____ _________ 

CMC*3mO^-OJOO' 

OCTO)0)t--^T-t^'cDi^TtuiT-<>jcor-»i-c>jinc^inincooi-coojooin'Tu^tDcocor^o<Nr^oo3Tro)otD<D'<tcocDTfcocnn 
iocDioiocot^'<3-toCTOiO(r3r^r^TiT^^05'a-T-0)r--oji-~inuou>r^to<Nmir)r^t^ cmiolot-io ~ — 



o>»-iou>c\ju5io^-T-iocjin>rtu5CTioo5incotDtDLntDcoocnc)ir)cocncocoLoir)CTCTO)coc\jcoT-inininir)incoiO'TP>j'a-'5-^^'t 






•T-i-O^Oi-OOOT-O^OO0r-00OO>-T-»-OOO'>-0i-T-T-^i-T-T-^i 



-o o ooo 




ogo 



com o 

jk; .^ jx: ja; 

o o o o 

ffi^ ffiCQ 
»-i^ — — v=;— -■- — — — — — — — ■^ — — — — I — — ^Li'-i-Q.Q.Q.Q.Q-Q.'J-C+^^^ij^j 

- .. _cQ<D(DQ(UQ.<i)Q)<D<D<Ba)a)CLa)a>a)(Dj (dq)C1o i oooo i I-L >- o o o o o 

^ A. I a clZ 0) 1^^ i^?c^^j:^x:j:^;=;^^^^-7'-Ci: i iic---- -»_vv^v_ 

o o CT I J. ± 9-'* 9- 9-<^ Q-V 9- 9- 9- 0- 9- 0- 9- i 9 9 9 9- - 9 9*^ 9- 1 
5 b ^"S Q b b <N b b T-'b <Nbbbbbbb,-bbbbzbb^'bb 



o= E o p F 

ES°--6ob 

o o o y >< Q.^ 
ooo-Pwi^ 

g g g >,■>. >- o -g o o o o 

c C- c o Q. Q-^ ni — ^ — — 

>,>,>,>,i-j-^o'" 
Q.Q.Q.aQ.Q.Y-!:+^ 



ccZ!q,(])q)(i}(])(]} 



6^ 



q5 



i-< 



ooo oooinoooooooo 



1-00 oo 
too T- o o 



OOTOOOOOOOOOOCOCVJOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 
TJ-r^OOOOOOOOOOCOCOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 
OCNJOOOO^OOOOUOOOOLOOCNJOOOOOOCVJ^r^OCOOCJ 



CM CSJ CO O O -^ h* 0> CVJ Cvj 05 0> CvJ O CO 00 ^ -^ I^ CO CO CO CO CD i— t- Tj- LO CD h^ CO IT) CO CO CO O O Tj- CVJ CJ CO Tj- IT) (D CD CD CD CO CD CO C7) 

CO CD CO CD CO '— CO CO rj- C35 O CO CD ^ CM t— O O OJ CvJ CD *- CD -^ CD 1^ CO CO CO CO CD CD CO ■»— r- ^ ^ f— ^ Tj- •'d- ^ -^ -^ ^ -^ ^ ^ f^ CO 1^ 

T— T- O ^— TT Tj- ^— CO '^^ TT CO T- Tj- ^ CO CO ^- -w— Oi T- CO CO CO CO OO »— i— CO CO CO 00 CO CO CO CO CO 00 00 r^ CD 

t-coco ^ in T- CM CM r«* oj m <>j CO cj cvj commcoco co co lo lo cd cd co co co co co co co co co co co C3> co co co co co co co co co cnj cm »— co 



i-T-»- ^-w-T-^^-OO^T-Y-T-y- y- f-1-OO 



T-»-T-OOOOOOT-T-0*-^-000000000000»-^-r-0 




■2 S a'- -c ^- S "■ " 

QJCO*^ — C 

■- ■- ^ - -^ £ i: ^ Q 



mmmQf]Ja,^j_ -5,^ .E o) cd :| ■£ 

■ E E E^.E^.ET^o E E^.^.t" 
:bbQzazbz bbzzz 



^3 
|E 

.5 o 

I u. 



.£ .5^ i c 
S o E — 

C CO " >, 



£s4Sf Iges 






c d if <i> O) o 



— , — ■ a> <D E y 

■>-' Q) .y- Y *^ s-xj „ lu vu 

— -Q'O ',_-o_.9 c c 

o o I z o c >>>,<i> <" 



c o 

0)*-. 



(DO) ■ ^ 



Q..«5E 
EE2:- 



Q-OI IQ.oO."-go 



*-* *- /I 

b a).9 



»; c c c XI 



T-' b b z b E c 



=3 .t; .-E .t; .-ii •£ .ti .-i; p c 

XlCCCC~CCi;p; 

.SbbbbVciQci 
; .♦; I I I I •«• I I o - 
: giococO'* rrm'-j'^ 

3QCOCMCOCNJCMCMCO Q.Tr 



o -00 

l-CM 1- 1- 

b rabb 

I ^ — ^ I I 

CM CM CO CO 



g o o o ™ s 

X> CD 0) 0) £ o 
-w (- c- c- -^ +^ 



C C C C C Q. 

000000 
c c c c c c 
bbbbbo 



D-22 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



ooocnoooot _ _ _ _ 

ooooooooooooooooooo^ 



jcor**r^co^ooooooooooooooooooc\jaDcooT— TfT-coi^cocnoo 

• ■^-^'OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCSI'^COOCOOOOCOCOCOIOCDO 



-OOOIOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO*— T— T— OJOJCVJOJCOCOCOCOCOO 

<Nu1T-c^i^-<Nc^^^c^locdo)lO(D^-^o■l-co■^Tr■^■^TrTrTl■"Lo»-05cO'-c^Jc^(do> 
cjojcocoojcJc\jCNicocococo^^'^u^uointoioinLnu^iOLoiX)cor^r^ioinLOT-T-c\jcNiojc\jc\icococococo'rf^Ti-Tt'^'^TtT3-Tr'«t'<a- 



OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOi-t-OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 



<i> 



• c o 

• (0-Q 



. 0) c o . 

■^ Q.O 
■ -S I ."^ <D 

• 10 T o ^ 






ojcoc*jcoc*30t— ^^— cor^coa)o o 



00) mm m a> (DO) CDO) 0)0) GOO) (1) d) (DO) 0) V (U (U 00) O 0)7 (^ O 0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0. 



0) o 

il 

:? v 
o o 



B! — 
l-< 



OOOOOOOOOOt-OOOOOOJCMCMCMCMOOCvJOJCMOOOOOOOOOOC 



) too O.-CMC0O eg OOOOOOOO OO CO 00)00 OO 00 00 0(0 COO'S- 
)00OOC0C0<r)O(3>OOOOOOOOOOi-OOOOOOOOOOOOOC0C0C0lO 



imiot^rtmiD t^t 



COiOLOIOiOlOIOLOL 



>iou3mioiomiomv 



> OT-i-»coco(Dh-a> t^r~ CO.- eg ^<Doioo)0)Ocvj coco coo .-CM rootmeoi- >-.-.- 

- 3 OO OCO com UltOCDCOCD^- r^r^-t^ coco coco COOT C>0) C350 OO OCMCVJCgOJ 



XOCDCOlOWtTj-Tfq-^Tfq-Tj-'Sl-Tj-- 



OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOC 



>00000000000000000000 



■ ■ -B --B 



ocooo-»— a)coo)a)T-coco 0Ta-c\jc\jcg-nc3)- 



CDCO^CDCgCOOr-COCOCOCOin 
JI^I^COCOGOOJCVJCVJCM 



« "3- CO CO CO >,rg >,to co.-rgcocoh-cOT-.--g 
•5"m cginio<DO<ococDocbooc3)a>T-cbr~cooooo >,'* "^'^^''^°''D(uo><D<Da>(D<i)a)(B<D„ „ 

.-ogcMl^r^coco<3).-T-T-.-.-T-cJogcMcvjc\JcgT> c c c c c c c oiDioiDiaicncjioicnc!) qkm ti- o) t- 

iSo)o>ffig)mg)og>mg)mg>mgjg)5>g)g)a)m(D|||||SSrorartrararorararopS"DTiTixiT3Ti^ 

m m .Q 6 0)0 O O O O O 

ooooobbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbooooooooooobbbbbbboboooOoooo 
(Da)(UQ}a)a>a}<i)(Da)<Da><D{D(D(Da}0<u(Da)a)Q>a)a}(U(U(Da)<D(i}(U(i>(i}(U(i>Q}0(Da>(i)<i><i}d>Q>a)a>a>a>a>(U(D<i)(D<i)a> 

,ttbbt^i=.i=b:ttb.bb:btbbbi=i=b=bbbi=bb=i=bbb:b=tbti=bb:tbttbtbbl=i=i=bb:.i=.b.t.t 

QQQbQQQQbbQbQbbbbbQbbbbQQbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbQQQQCiQciQQQQ 



D-23 



Appendix D 



)C0C0OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO-'-'-i-'»-C\JCvJCsJOl0OOOunL0OOOOOOOOT-i-'^OOOC0a3OL0C 



coco<r5'<:fior^ooococococo^mcDcoa)c\j'^cDOOi 



jcocncooJu^i^p^Lncnoco'«:j-r3co(r3incO'.-0)CNJ03if)cc>incocDoj 



oooooo•I-■^-•■-T-■•-■^c^J<r)c^c^(r)c^•^TtTtu^lnLO^ou^LOLou^^^'^cocoo^<x)LO■f— <Nu^r^'^T-^i-cD^ 

r^ r^ r^ r^ r^ 1^ r^ r^ r^ r^ 1^ r^ CD CD CD to CD CD CD CD <X) CO CD CD CD CD CD 03 CD -^ oi ^ CO CO •<^ ca ■r- c35coi-lo uoco oi o> co co co m co co 



^^TTTt^'^Tr-^i-^^'^TrTj-Tj-TfTt^-^'rr'^'^'^'^- 



-'<t'^'^'^cv]tocococj<N'^c3)cnLnincT)tocT>toco^-iO'f-io^cT)coir>cocDio 



O00000OOO0000000O0OOOOOOOOO00^-^-*-Oi-i-i-O0i— i-Oi-Oi-O^-i-f-ir-T-OOT-OOT- 



^!gcoo^^SS^5§S"""^'^<2'>^<°"^^^^' 



o 5 o t 

(0 O o — 



o o 



) T- ■■- CM CI CO tl- <D O) " ^"" ' "• ■" "" ' ■"■ ■ "-'"^■'=0) 

TiTi iJ^iJiJ i?-5 ^i! ° ° ° o ° ° ° ° ° °^5 55 ^5 S Q j_ . 
a:£r2i2>>>>>>>>>->>>>>>->->>>->>>>->>.~7§gj_c--^ 

Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.aQ.Q.D.Q.Q.D.aOLQ.aaQ.Q.aQ.Q.aQ.aQ.*'*-.;: 3^ ra-tfC 



M 3 ; 

^•£! 
75 °- 
m c . 

o rj 
= o 
nj "D 

_E 



0)^ 0) 



: — O 






:a£ „-^t:-S 






.9 o S c 2 :y- o 5 '-^ ro <D S> >, 
c=£o=!T3-S-Cco*;ccEx 



Q.CLQ.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.aCLQ.D.Q.Q.D.aQLQ.aaQ.Q.aQ.Q. 

ibbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbQ 



bcMC 



0) O (D 0) o 5^ ■ 

,2.9V59:E^2.-gf-o>.f95: 



S " O fT-w — ' =• "-"D N kl ■* c ' 

ofbt^lll^lltr-Ll: 



rbcvT 



b b -a-'b cnTq boob ^"b b x-"q , 



o o 



^ o. 
l-< 



ocooJcor^o^ooooocoooocom^cDcoioooooooooooo^i— tomcoor^ooif)cOTfoomr^OTT-0(£>mcoooo50 
Ot— oJcsicvjoooooocoooor^oDococo^ooooooooooor^ocOTfLoocDOOOCDr^r^oooT-T-T— cvjcococo'^ 

OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOt-t— ^— OOOOOOOOOOOOOt-^— ^— Oi— OOt-CMCMOJC*3COCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOC*5 
Cor^t^r^r^lOCOCDCOOTOO'— CVJC*5r^aDCOCOCOa30)OC\JCDCOOCO^CDr^COCOCVIir)0>0>00^— C\JC5C5COCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOC*3COC*>C> 
^^^^■^■^lOlDlOLOCOCOCDCDCDCDCDCOCOtOCDCDr^r^r^r^ODCOaDaDQOOOCOOOlOia^OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

f<rsi.[^f<fv.r^cococDCDCD<ocococDtDcocD(0(OcocDCDCDCD<DcocDcocococDCDtocococo[^r^r^r^t^r^r^r^r^r^r^r^i^r^r^r^f^f^r^ 
oooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 



(oooin ^ 
f". in O) o CO r~ »- Tf CO o> Tf CO CO Tf S^ 
oocMcDt^ CO ^ cj CM CO CO CO M- 1- r^ CO en »- T- T- Ti 




D-24 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



OOi-OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

oooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 

O^fOOCDCOOOOOOOOO^— OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOr^Or-lOOlOOOO-^COOO 

oo-^^coTj-tocviT-cNjco^mcDr^coOT 
r~- r^ c\j o <o m cvj oj cj c\j cvj c\j CM CM o) 

CvJ lO CM ^- C3) CM CM CM CM CVJ CM CM CVJ ^ CM Tf lO lO r^ f^ r^ t^ f^ [^ CO 00 00 CO CO 00 CO (O CO CO CO CO CO CO tO CO Tj- CO f^ CO 



TMOCMtmiOCMCMCMCMCMCMCMC 



CMCMCDCDCD'!j-'<J-'*f^'3't''t-'a-'»-'^'*'*'3-'»-'J-1-'!l-^^CDCMCDCDlOCMOLOT-^»-i-00 



■OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO'i 




PI "l-tS ill 2 |»p;.& 

3m.3eo,, O ?ii:E 

S-'c 'o "to —owranralo'Jo'ra'io o*' £ 
5 JO >, Q- 3O3333333333C- 

Q- c — o_i2 0) 

o^OTjooooooooooooora 

(1>Q.(DO<1>0>(U(U(1><D(D(D(U<1>(UO<U^ 
■D55T3Q"a-a-aTJ"0"aT3"OXI"0"0"OT3 U 

O^OTOOOOOOOOOOOOO" 
Q Qt^QQQQQQQQQQQQQ 



"^7^S,S,S. ■ " "r-cj^^t^ocon-CD-^^ 

£"^®aaC3C3000a:a:a:a:(rirc[:(rcc(r(r>>> « 
E S i- 2 .y .9 Si .y .y Si .9 .9 .9 .9 .9 .9 .9 .9 .9 .9 .9 .9 .9 .9 "E 

^|o"EEEEEEEEEEEEE£E£EEEE-g 

•l:;ilP^comco(ft<om(flcococflco(0(/)0)(/>coc/>cococo_ 

0) g'i ""OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOF 

.E"~>,<DOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO.| . 

■>,5cEccccccccccccccccccccOc 
Q q.'q.j5 (On3nJ(Onica(OnJnJconinjnsnl(0(0(Oniconj-^nj 

M S S >-D)ci)ci)0)0)cno) 0)0)0) ci)D>D)cncno)D) DID) cno o 
QQQQQQQQQQQOQQClQQQQQQQQQliJlU 



18 J 

O .£ 



SEtto 



Q.m (0 ""o >.» ^ 
.2J5 -„-T3 (DO 5 
j2<Dco2SnJ> 



i^i8.e 



0) o 



0)— Q.n 



105= 

c c 
mill 



T3T3-D 

>»>»>'* .= 

^^^ .T3T3"DT3a) 

000(/><l>Q>0)(l>a} 

:i.L.L.(]>tsjrMNNl_ 

■S -S -^ X X X X X X 
999oooooo 

0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0. 
LULUUJLULiJLiJLLlUJlJJ 



•0 


(3 


o 


o 


3 
C 


E 




v 


c-c 


o 


o 


() 


.. 




<a 


1 


o 



Q5 



|5< 



£ - 

(D O 



ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo oooooooo^— ooooooooooooo o 

mOOCMTj-OOCOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO OOOOOJOCMO'— OOCMOOOOOOOOOO o 

ocor*-i^i^ooc3)00ocooooooooooooooooooom r^ooooo-^a-oocooooooo'^j-r^oooo o 

O)odi— T— ^— co'^coooh^-cDiocMCJjr^cooi— ooa)co*^CMmr^coc3)OT— CM cMcouor^iocooooioo^— t— Ot— cMunocMco-'^CDeo r^ 

(DO<3)cncncoT-'>»iv.Trh~CDt^cMr^r»~r~r-»cMr^cocMr-cM^«-i-i-cMCMCM cMCMCMCMOo^cocnT-i-i-uir^r^i^'^mh~'3-r^cM r- 



(3) Tl- CO CO m CO in »- CMCMT-COt-~ cm CM'^OO COt- »-»-^^ t-i-t- ^i 






C35COr>- CM CM 



lOCMCDCOCOlOmr^CM^'^lOlOCMCMCMCMCMCMCOCOCMeMCMCMC 
t-»-OOOi->-OOt-t-i-»-t-t-,-^-i-t-00»--i-i-t-i 



ICMCM CM CM CM CM CM CVJ <M CO CO CM CM CM CM en CO lO CM lO CO CM CM 'S- ■* 



S «> S S E 



o-D-5 
o C.9 

O CO (0 

■a_ o 
_ >> . 



<o-= 



o-c 

0)0 = 
CT3 

<D a) « J> ® 



E^ 



? 0"D"D 

CO 9:ni <o 

.c O 3 3 
o. a.u> CO 



T3 S <Do"D-D-D-OTI 
~^^ g 0) 0) 0) 0) 0) 

"F --n"*^ — — — — — 
Ott £•>.}< X X X X 

.ccccx: 



c c <u is 

^ m t C S E - 

>.r:"st'Ootca) 
:g§Sra-6cro<oc 
<0.3 o 0) 10 >.£ e 

.xEo:E>-o.o.c>, 
5 Era 5£ o o o a 
— rao'D0).2.i2ho 



■^ojnjnjranjcarororansra 
i_D)™99999ogooo 
9> 10 o '^ ^ '^ ^ '^ '^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 



«i- E 
p (oro 
5 <o o 
- r- c 
S En 



El" 



ES 

3 o 

o o 
.<2 E 
■o -a 

;9 2'o (0 

ra <o o X 
'5 9oi° 

c s^ o -S^ 



fe.E 



X X != 

o o5 

. 0) 0) CO 

' 0) o 



E6SBS o c c 
cooioionsiuniio 

COOCOCOCO'DOO 
OQ 3 3 3 O 0) <B 
O — O O OqTJXJ 
O I O O O I o o 
QZOOO cOO 



(orora33g«-gD.Q.o- 
,9.9.9:^^1 go2 2Q.«<„ 

£2° §§§§§§§§§§ :§§§|l§"-g,##7^§o.^^E 

cococomu)co(o«co(o^wco(oooE=na>-=-=-Fm™M|.5i." 
^.__ „„(Da>iDiDa)(D(D<ua)a)ii)<Oa)<D<i) -^.-^r, ^■-cEEEcP'^ — ^^ <" ,^ - . . , 

cam3000000CNNMMN]rMrsjNNMMMrM-nNNNSS035"'7">,£oOD--!i:-5SK5£ 
• i"moooooo-FCCccccccccccc£ccc-^-^coo)ia_L_L_Lo">,>-S.9-2SS S? 

C C C C _ _____i5:9:9:9:955S:95:9:9:9:QJ5^SS^2_ O Sf O O O "S O £ 0) .5 .5" O .9-.9-.9- .9- 

0) (B <D (B >,>,>,>,>.>,>.>.>.>.>.>.>.>,>,>.>.>.>.>.>.>.>.>.>.>.>.a) >-.S -S -S ° <" S-'o >- >• oj ?r S- S" ?r 

OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCJOOOOOOOOXOOOOOO-DO^O^Q-DOoOOT^OOOO 

a><Da>Q)a)(DQ)a)Q)0iDiDa)Q>a)iDa>(i)Q)0a>iD(DtDOCDa)Q)CDtD<i)oG)Ooo , oo^ojiuoididq) <o 
•D-a-D-o-o'D-D-o-a-o-D-o-o'O'a-D-a-D-a-o-o-D-o-a.c-D-o-o-o-a'OQ'DQQQ-^Q-o ii-o ■□ q "o -o -o "d 

000000000000000000000000-t;oOOOOO|01 I lml2|OOjOOOO 
QQQQQQQQQClClQQQQClQQQQClQQQ "QQQQQQ cQZZZiJ cQ-*QQ O.Q Q Q Q 



D-25 



Appendix D 



CO rj- T- 00 

lO T- T- O 

•■a- 1^ r^ r~ 



lOOOOOOlOOOO 

odLr>r~^cdo>o»-»-coincd 

IOCVJC\JCJ<NCOCOCOCOCOC5 
Tj-CDCOCD(£>CD<D(DCD<I>tD 



lor^cnooooot^ooooo 
00 1^ r-i o TT ui CD 05 CD CO o -r- CO ui 



ooooo ooooo 



0)cMco-<;fCD r^mcNjinr-. 

CDCOCOCOCO COCO(3)COCNJ 
CO CO GO CO CO 00 lO 



CVJ CM CM CM C\J C>J eg CJ Cvj C>J CM CM CM CM CO CO m IT) in lO 'f CM Ifi CO CO lO lO 



00 ^ ^ »- CO o> 

in Tj- ^ CM CM m 

TT T- 1- CNJ C3) 



CM r^ r^ 00 m m 
'- o o o »- »- 



ra — 
o o 



O 0) 






o ■= en b 



. ID t; »- <D r> T^ 

oi t: "> 0) ^ ° ° 






5 5 <D OS 



- - ■ - o 5 c (0 — ^_ . 



l^ilRlpllliEE^ISs 



■a (0 T3 T3T3 2 
<D_ <D <D 0) m 

X 2 X X x-a 
o £ o o o c 



(U^0000C300C}00 

a--n oooooooooo 

^C/>(AC/)(/>(/)C/}C/>(/)CO(0 
■D-5T3T3T3T3TIT)T3TJT3T3 

0ii>a)a}(Da}Q(U(i)Q>(u<D 

>.p >.>.>.>.>.>.>.>.>.>. 
X F X 



xxxxxxxxx 



■C ^ SI SI SI nj^^^^^jz^^^^^^ 



UJ 



11] LU LU UJ LU UJ UJ Lll LU LU UJ 



«2m 

O </) 

m nJ -T 
k. w «; 

0) 0) •£ 

ii" 

££ J 

O O nj 
tn tn -ti 

"D "D "D (D 
<D 0) 0) > 

ra « « ■Jo 
>.>.>.> 

X X x-c 

o o o <u 
szszsi-a 

JJJUJUJ 



<D g 



C I 



«5 2:„ 

£ J.— o* 
<D <!> o — 









'Eg 
to t 



o.e 
11 

>-S- 

LUD-g 

— O >. 
_ m C 

O nl4 E 
o£JL< 



u lU "- ^ 

0)4; p £ 



fct:Q.<DO<D<D_-_-EE 

cJ,ciei5§ra«£^ii 

>.>.>:om ^i:° g'EE 

XXXOOOOiiii35 
ooonJnJn3nJnJnJ-=T= 
siszs: J5J5 

mujuj^^^^^^^^^iu — I UJ — 

T^ 4 CO UJ ui UJ ill UJ UJ UJ UJ UJ CM CM oz 



E S o~< 

° -^ <" c g 
1) -p E •- s = ■ 
c E ra a c £ 

^ -^ UJ m *^ .t^ . 



: its 



<D 

?E 
o g 

o o 

ii 

■F <0 









E-2 






^E 



I <- *j <- LU I *j 
Sujuj UJ — Z UJ 



5 o 
^ sz 
o o 



UJ UJ 



UJUJ 



^E 

■^ o 
cs: 
o o 



Q^ 



n a 



oooooooooooooooo 
ooooinooooooooooo 
oooincMOior^cocTioiooooo 



ooooooooo ooo 
ooooooooo ooo 
oor-ooooooo CM lo o 



OOOi-OOOOOi-OOOOOO) 



m CO CO o O) CO CO CO CD CO CO ^ c:^ in CD o> co co co co co in co cm O) o tj- cd en 

- • ■ ■ — -- cD'-ar^cDi^r-t^i-cM cor^m 

in CO rj- r- 00 »- 1 "i- 



jcT^'a-'*'*^cDi-~i^r-r~co 
- 1 CO CO CD CD r- 



T-incoco-<tcor^ooc7)cni 
(o o in T- c ' 



oo CO m CM m CO CO CD CO CO CM CO CO CO CO CO CM CM ^ to CO CM CO CO CD CD r^ m in in m to m cm cm cm cm cm cm cm cm cm cm cm cm 

O O T- '- *- O O O O O t- O O O O O T- ^- T- O O ^- O O O O O T- T- T- ^- 7- T- T- T- t- *- 1- -I- t- T- ir- T- T- T- 



o nj 



lB"o!° 

^<a E 

>■ O (0 



II 



<D (0 o 
(0 5 c >,o 

CO i; 3 ic £ 

_ a> (0 en ^ 'Jj 
>-i5ooooOm 

«^EEEEE-5 
-^_ o o o o o 1^ 

=•01 UJ UJ UJ m UJ UJ 



I " o 
£i ■ fl 

■90.C 
^"E 

- O (0 
Zo . 

I = en 
>■« <u 






O = O « g 

am o 0) ^ 



O (2) Q) Q) >, 

ra o o o g 

■K -S -S -^ -C ^ 



E-L (D 
=3 >-C 

Eg^ 



E^ 



m — s: 

-10*- 

£p £ ^ (0 

o o ni ° 



gmE 
"•9 X 



2a) -s 



C70 0) 

_ c c 

>. O 0) 

£ E >• 

E o ffl 

I D) 



cm" c c 



cic_c^^"*;acni! 1 ^ ^ s: 



ujinujuli 






o o 
ro rai Off > 

OS: I 0) o £ UJ 

^ >. >^ >'^ Q I 
'-■t^CIXX't-'y-irM 

ofajooujg — 






2 0) J2 



lu ro nJ "* 

o nJ n3 ^ en 
0) 13 to S 

t tS o o o o o .2 .2 .2 o n ? 



OOOOO^^SdJmE^ 

_ <u o tn 7^ >»'0 

.3SEEEEE£S£8ora 

T3 ^"D en ^ 

Oooooooooo 0>C o P Q. 
-S S !5 5 !q S 5 S !5 g =6 § |^ td 

mSotntntnmmtncncoco ->.■?; '^ g ™ ,„ .£ 
Xton'oooooooooi-^'^-Q^-Q-oO 

Jr X 0) o-b-o-o-o-b-b-b-a-b^ b m™ fe'o£ 

■S5 occccccccc .ta>-m>->->, 
'''a)>,iotototonjioio<ototO'-oo)^c:)t;j: 

>• X £ ■D"a-0T3T3X>"0"DT3-a"0T3T3 2t3J5t3 
folDIUIDOIDIDtUIUCUtUOIDIDIDQJCDQCU 

"* £ X ^ ro^nrara^rorara^rara g^jo o w 

°'"" O >^>»>.>«>«>v>^>.>^>^>.>«>' "^ '^ ^ 



XXXXXXXXXXXXX-oXOx 



COCMCM CM CM CM UJ UJ UJ UJ UJ UJ UJ UJ UJ UJ UJ UJ UJ UJ UJ 



D-26 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



oooooo oooo 
o o o o o T- oooo 
<Noooi--r--ooooooor^oo TtT-ioo>t^r-~ oooo ooooooo 



o ooooooooo ooooo 

O) O0l0000t--00 O O O LO o 

O T- o o o o o o> o o o o to o -^ 



tDr^oocoT-*-cvjo>0'-oJO)0'-r^co ■»-^Tr'-tOLO omco^- oocvjcootcd-^ 
ooococDco^co-'T'^'-r^^cocOT- <o io -^ CO <y><ji CD^tcnco r^cooo-^r-Tj-uo 

■»- T- T- CD T- T- CD CO CO CD CO <VJ CO t~ <yi f- TT T- 'cj- Tt [^ O t- ir> CD oo 



jmuocMCMCNjcMin^ocor^LO Loior^i/>h-r^ cvji^cvjcvj cominr^iomio 



OOOOC\JCOCT)i-CJ) 

coGocoo«JcocoT-(X3r^ 



CM <N cvj lo ID in CO in lo commioi- 



1- (U 



>- " £ ro .^ .1 <2 (^ o '5 

^ n\ n\ n\ T~ 'r~ ^ >* ^ r-r- 



■ o 

CD 0) 

O LU (B 

.^ .= .= .ii .^ .^ uj r- c: >" - C C 0> 
T3T3-OT3T3T3a)CCC0 .mOO 

'oo'ooo3o'o'oo (1) qI q"— 

>. >.^ >.>.>. >.^>.>.x i. t. .£ 

a)(U(D(D(]}(D(l><l)(D<l)(U(DO>a} 

cccccccccccccc 

(D(l}tD(Da>(D(D<l)(U<]>(D<l>Q)(U 



0) 



o E 



go 



I 0) 



<a 



ci^£ 



on-*- — ^ -,, 
Q. nj O D) X Q) 



^ 0) 

7 ra 



^.io- 



00.0) Q> o +- p 
J O) 

>. >. >.;c >> >• 



•C -C -C — xix: 
lllLIJLiJLLJLULJLJLULULLILiJLULLJLULJJ LULJJLLl 



.^x:.£::x:.^.^.^.^.E=.^.£=x:.^.^ x:.£=x: - — -x: .c: | 



^^ 

S.E 

0| = 
^ 0) 2 CO o 



(0 10 

^ o 

E>-^ 
o£ Is 

i|i 

c-5 0) 



_^^'i — ££ 



uiai 



Smri-r!- 



™ "O^ CD <" 

Q.™ I -? ra 

0) X _L _L c 

_^s: £ o 



£ .9 

UJ T3 



esra 

— to 



2^§^ 

j3 w "D "D 
>. r: 0) (1> 

o 3 ™ j5 0) <D a> c g 

*? o X X c ra -!5 1 0) o „, 

<" goo OS >•»> 0,-13 g-^ 

o.o ni_"_i!_-_->,>,>,o (0 0) >.o 
ooxoraoiooooxxfl — ja x S 



.y-ra 



!2 o ra j:: 



■"coc '0<o^<OQ.(OQ.n>nJnJ^^>.x >■£ co >>>>>- >• 



p- X 

>. >.jc 
^ ^ _ 



-_,__,„-_-_,- ^ ^^ 

££7£-^£-^£££77£ >,£ ^ ^ 
>.>.>.>.5->.S->.>.>.>.>. >.^ >.LU J, 
^ j: ^ ^ ^^ ^^ ^ ^s: ^ ^ *^ ^ ', - 

.■M .'v: ,r; .'^ o .■^ o ^, .^ ,t; .■m .t; ,v. ^ .t; £i<>j 



UJ IJj£^ 

I I *- I I I I 

CM CVJ LU <N <N CMCJ 



CM 



CM CM CM CM CM CM CM Z 



0) 0) (1) (D 

ujjiiiiiiii 

CM CM CM CM 



OCOOOGO i-T-i-COU>OOOC35 



OOCO O CVJOO ■q-o o o o in OO OOO OO OO OO CMO^J- o 



1^ O T- CM T— CO O CO OO CM r^ C35 O T- -^ CO CD [^ GO C75 O t- CM CO -^i- OO t— CO CD 

- - Tt-^I-IDIO IDIO mmiO LDCDCDCDCDCDOOCOCDO 

CO O 1- 



co CO CO u) m m vn CO m CO CM '4- Tf*'<r-<a- ■*■>!■ tj- ^i- tr ■^ ^f* ■>3- ■*•* lo lo x- id 



2 o 



CD C 



0) >» 

£35E^ 
(0 ns CO 3 Q. 

■e^-CLU 

m-s 0) o — 
•-M — E E 10 



.9- c „ t; 0) 



^E 



5^cE>..E^.o 

^■p^l^o 
.iog,?j£.^ 



< — 

ILI O 

— a 
11 

(1) 10 
»-XI 

■g (5 
o o 
(0 o 



<0t- 
O II 



P^E 



— u 

10 



o « o •" o 



0;t„* 



CD O — 

I £ >. (o 



(0 £ 
S o 

(0 ra'c 



o i5 
■c X 

T3 O 



E^^ 



w-s 0) 



o E , 



- T o 

< ,- o " E 
Q.3g2=o 

LU O t O O 
(0 O. (/> 



'(0.: 




OOO) 



CM C>, O O O CM 

>.££>, 

JI 10 0)^ 



O >«CO >«■— >< c c c 



2 ^ Q_0 *^ O 4; ^ (0 I c 



£££ _£^UJ £m £\ 



5 

>. (0 " 



--, o 



■g o-g-o-g-g 
o " 'o o 'o "o 
CO o *^ *^ *^ '^ 
g '-g .g o o o 

o y o o u o 

o S o o o o 

(0 2 (0 (0 (0 (0 
(0 ■*-' CO (0 (0 CO 

Qj(Ba>a)<i>a)<i)<i) 
si: ct; 0) (D P^popoooo-Soofflooo 

"S O O E E c| §C ^C-^ZC-C 25CMCCC 

>.!□ o o~~T3Ti'a c"0'a-o-o£xiT3 p-o -o -o 

^ ^T3T3 (Dm(Da><D(D-DCD(U~a)<D<B 

iJQJOOCDOOCDc^CCCCCC^CCC 

UJccccc:cc<D>'ajcDa)Q)j_rcDQ> _a)a>a) 
IOOffia)0OO-5,£ >, >,->, >,^ >,>,*; >,>,>, 

Z ^^^^^^^£ Sits £££ "£5 "£££ 

-+j +^ ^ +^ ^ ^ 4^ m UJUJUJUJ UJ III UJ UJ UJ 

Hujujujujujmuj— — iiiSii.— __ ___ 



. -o _.E X— _X m X_ X; 



EEe^.0 ■ 
— g § m *^ 

E ^ m P S 
3 O a, c (o 

9 E o o 3 

Ji; CO Q. CO ^n 
g (0 10 (0 5 
O -b -b ^ CO 
E <1> IB <B"C 



(0 (0 (0 (0 (0 

ooooo 



0) 0) (D 0) 0} 

ooooo 

(0 (0 CO (0 (0 
(0 (0 (0 (0 CO 

ffi O O 0) Q nS 

itititxx CD 

ooooo 



3 

s-i-s-t-i-^OOO 

4- ~ ~ ~ ~ ■■£ o o o o 



;)iT3T3T3T3"0 CD D)D10> 

O 0) (D (D (D -^ 
OCCCCC^tDOJCD 

g>.>,>,->,>.uj^^^ 

UJUJUJUJUj'^-^-^+^ 



D-27 



Appendix D 



OOOOOOOOCDOOOt— oooooo 



OOOO^OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO'^^OO'-inO oo 



o2 oooooooooLooooocoomcnoooooooOf-ooooo oo 
ix)<^ oocooooooojojr^moocvjor^cMOOooooooi-ooi-cMO ocm 



,w^w. ^«^.,.^^,^w, «. V, ■ „!j--r-CMCvJCOC\jT-T-CDtOr--<D-»-T-COOCOr-LnCDr-Oi-CnLOCOOOO-»- 

ot-locoio^— ■•-co^oJCJCMcoai^^ (XjcococMCNicNjcNjcooo^r-Tj-Ti-iooT-T-coLncDCDcocDr^h^r^r^r^cococooo 



o>cor^cDiocO'«-0'.-ocDcor*-Tj-r^o30-»-( 

COCDCMCD Oi-LOCOlO^f-CO'^CMCvJCMCOC-^ 
^ CO O) O) 0> »— CNJ '— CO 0> 03 CO CO CO CO CO ^ 



r^cMiotOT-cocor^cor^LOcotDaDTfTfcomuoLo 

Oi-'»--»-T-OOOi-Oi— OOOOOOi-T— T- 



jirtLnLnintocDtDirjcDTftDcoocoTtTfTj-'^Tj-TfTfTj-^TtTj-Tj-^Ti-'^a- 



3 5 



_ — 
ffl S? 

'F 3 c\j 
o-o I 

p C m 

^C ° 

o o3;o 
£ Q. >. 

TJ O-C 






?E 



0)O> 



o O 0) 
f! U) « 

m o o 



_ 1- " o , 



15i2.>-ro2E^TȣV=5 



m c o 



^.£0.-° 
ra ra o ? 



: 'y i i 'Y I ~-^ siszsz^: 
jzmujzZcoiijijLjiijmT-L 



ro Q) a) g 
X >< >< ro 

LUUJUJU. 



:£■© ^ g <o o 

ra .£ 3 „ r^ O 
■P ESoSo) 

F ra c ^ Di c w._ - — 

■5 o o o o o n o 'o o o E o >, . 
to ^ n Q. !rt o 

„ >,>.>.i- >.^>.>.>.>.>.o2 

nsnirani'''nit;"Snin!n]ni(i)(D.<5 
U-LLLLU. LL 4^ LL Li. Li. Li. U. LL U. U. 



0) O (1) 



ego 



II 



nj o o I 
ra o =3 : 



o> CM -sf 00 t »- U5 m i; J 

C(ua)a>(i><ua)<ua>(U(ua>a>(U(u rno < 
O)^^ ^ jr jz j: ^x: ^^^^ ^ jT 3 ■( 
mmmmmmcammmmcamcQ^^o i 

CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCT3^j 

ooooooooooooooo-sP' 
«mm<nww(/)(om««m(/>«(o™p< 
a)(u<u<i)(D0a><i>0(i}a>a>(U(ua).b^( 

ooooooooooooooooj-i 
333_33_23_g333^33_33-c : 

LL LL U. LL Ll. LJL LL Li. Li. Li. Li. Li. Li. LL LL U. LJ 



cE 

CJC 

o 

1 o 



Q2 



H< 



00000000000000000 



00 0000000000000 



CVJOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 



o> [^ r^ oj ^ f^ o) o CD (D CO r^ o r^ o> 05 CO cmcm co ^ co o cd cd r^ co t*^ ^ 1— i^ i^ r^ r^ 

r^ r^ T- CO CD CO r^ O) C35 C35 05 O) en C*3 CO -1 ^ .« .« — ^ ^ _^ _.. _ ^ «wrt «^ ^ _4.-.. ^^ 



C3> '— CM CO CO CO CO 



mm CO CO Ti- Tj- ^ C35 CM CD 00 c:> -^ ■« 



T-^»- COC35CM0O1 



CO m -^t ^— CO cj c3) C3> o 1^ T- CO o CO r^ r^ ^- 
T- CD ^ 00 ^ c3) C3) Tf m CO o m m *— o o 00 



m^mmmr^mi-»-cMCMC 



J r^ m 1— CM Ti- m ^t-^ mmf^r^i^cMmmmcof^r^ co co co cm m r^ ir> co r«- r^ r^ co cm !**• co co co to 

.OT-T--r- 1- T- 1- T- T- 1- O O O O f- ^ T- O O O O t- -r- ^- t- o t- O O O O O ^- O ^— O O t- 



0) 



0) o 



EE 

cn (0 £ £ 



11 


E 
3 


ii 


■0 



o'S 


- 



■C o 



=fi C r^ <B ■ E"0 



i^n ro o V : >■'?• 
EEg-il-I'M 




X X 
o p 

■ " -^ ^^ r\ r\ O Q-CL Q.-5 9c/)+^-^3-0[s| ij, J^T3^ 

"Y <D dii: X 'p-'j^ "■'-^'-^CL a_ co<o<»>,S2 — Q-S.;- 
(u a> 0) ^, 0) ^ _i_ -^^- 



(Da)cua>T^(D(b(ua><u00(Dj 



_-__ (D(D(DCU(D<D(D(U^<l)(D(U — - j_ .i „. , -- 

££££J.£££ £££££_£££>.— itl >'2-J- J. 

£££££££££££££££££Cs2:iSl;^£ 

LiJ LiJ LU LU 111 LLI LU LiJ lU HI LU LLI LU lU LU LU — o — ' « , Lil 
I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I Z .11. 

CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM Q. m- — ■ ^ CM 














13 










: CD 


















c 
nl 










:t 

. CO 

. c 














3 










. CD 








15 

0) 






i3 

X 








a 


. CD 






Q. 









1 
CO 










: 







Q. 

















> 
s: 


- . c 

•XJ 






















fl 




T3 • 


W 


0) 






CD 

SI 








a 

c 

1 

c 
c 
c 
c 


!cm" 


^ : 


C 




"5 

CO 

■>. 



CD 
TJ 

C 
3 




it 

P 

n.3 






c 

£ 

cc: 

> 


'■ 
;E 

■ T3 

- 1 


■ 


XI 

!o 

■0 


■S ro^ . 




CO '^ 




sss 


.co" 

. 1 


CD 

c 9) 


E-^ 


5 


-C 






'T n 




e; 


? 


■"x 


CD >* 


X 






£|"|cDc^i£2gSfS|^-^i 



EE^flloo^^ll^f^ 

^ ^V P ^<^ CM C " CD 4 .g' o -C S'^V — 



UJUJUJ 



_■ en >, >. t >.CM c o Q. >> Q. uLU >,>,>• 
£ ox:.c_x: £ — _ 1 .c j= £ 

^UjUjZUJUJZcomZ 



D-28 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



1 



ooo oo o o o o oo o o o o o oo o oo o 



LO 00 o o o o lo o o O) en o ^ ^ r*^ h*. r^ CO o o en LO o o r^ CD o CO oo>o 



J CO CD Lo T- o o 1- ■*— T- r- CO tt en T- 05 CO o) f- in CO r^ o T- r^ <M CO CO -^ in en CM C71 lo CO CO CO in CD o r^ CO o 



TtT-i-r^r^r^r^cocDCDCDcocor^^-T-cD 



CvJ m to ^4" ^ ^ CD m in m 1— CD in to C\J CJ CM CM CM CvJ CM CM Cvj CM CM CM ^ CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM 



.2 (D 
•DT3 

"I- 

COX 

E® . 
"> ^^ 

» eo <0 
5S" 



T:r »> m ^ ii O 



^ <D a> 



EE 

CO 3 

§1 

a o CD 



(0 O ^ O 0) 



ni 






X o (D nJ 2 
.2 o S " 
Q.=5 I m « 
° ., o o r= 

EJEE| 
n] o o (D o 



O E <B 0) 

t-tr ra ra 



■<jo 
CO nj (0 
■g__ 
o "o o 
n ^^ 
0:3 3 
.rc c 



(■rpS-c-cg(i)(i>Si=»-i-oo5;°°w 

s s o Qr(D_-z:f ^:^^f _-_-f II ^ 

25.E.E.S 0000000000005 

QOJCUOOIUOCDOtUOOCUOOOQ} — 
Oi-OOOO^^*:i*i*^"!.H'OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO(0U 



O m O 

<DT3 c 

go fl 

1 5 rt o 



) o o o nJ 
i-b-o'o'o 



0)0 

Oi: 3 
n] Q. 03 



.■922 

*o 'o 'o y 

nj (0 (0 « J^ 

C C ^ nj !_■ 



■DT3-0 g: 
<U 0) 0) F :^ 

E E E Q.» . 



(0 <o 
=5i 



OOOOm(rt(rt(^(g 

OC30C30000 



0) 
XJ <!> 

•52 
"E 
2'-^ 

3^ 
0)0 



aaoaoaoocjcDooocDooo 



0) 0) o 
m Vi in 

(D (D Q 
O O O „ 

O O O 10 

EEE" 

Eeel 

0) 0) oca 
0000 
>.>.>. (n 



OOOOOOOOOOOOo 
<l)0)(Ua><]}(D<UVO}C}(l)(Dij^ 



EE 



UittiU>(nu>tnv>tf>Vi 
(D(l}(U(D<D(DOQ><D 
000000000 

ccccccccc 
000000000 
EEEEEEEEE 



ni <D 0) 
•O « o i; is 

0) fl) C TO TO 
I 1 "C <0 (/> 

00000 
c c c c c 
00000 
EEEEE 



000000000000000000 



_>»_>._>»_>._>._>, _>v _>._>» ^ ^ ^ ^ >* ^ ^ ^ ^ 

OCDOOOOOOOOOCDOOaCDOO 



o o 

11 

o 

1 o 



SI a 

<a -: 



OOOOOOOOOOOtOOOOO OCOOOOOOOOOOJOOOOO 
OLOOOOOOOOOOOOIOOO 



Oi-0000000(Di-0-<3-'^< 



oooooooot— r^ooooooooo 00 
oooooooooot—cmocooolooo 00 
oootooo 



jooooO'd-iocDco'^oo 00 



r^r*.ou>c\jcjo^cDh^r^a>o*-oh^ 

If) CJ -^ 00 05 CO CO CO 03 03 00 03 O) G5 CO CO _ 

CD in CD ^a- CD 1^ r^ t^ r^ ^- r~. r^ r- 1^ r- ^ i-<jn-mcD 



CDCJ)OO00-«— OCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOOOCO lOCD 
CnCOCDCM-^lO-^lOLOtOlOlOCDlOLOmCDOOO) COCD 
T- 1- CD 






CD CD CD CD CD Tj- ■>3- Tf •>«■ •* ■* -"t t U) CM ■* rt CO M- U> miO CO U> CO CM CO OO U5 CD CTS" 1^ ■* ■* 52 "S t 1 1 t fc fc fc fc fc fc fc " 52 ■* '""* 
OOOOOOOOOOOOO'^T-T^ t^Ot^t-t-^Ot-O^OO^OOt- o-r-1-OOOOOOOOOOOOOT-O'i- -i-i- 



*; CO (0 
.»S| 

~^ o).!9 
£2 «■§ 

y,, ID CD O) >, C ^ 

-CMCco-f^SS^^S-^ 
m«><l) 00§<1)J3>, 

33i_majmmcD>'„r™+^ 

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 O E £ ;£ 
a)a)Q)cDCD(ucDa)/N2 5$ 
EEEEEEEE^l-- 

cocococococococo-^bjijj 
oooooooo^^EEco 
00000000^ o>->-a) CD >• 



■O-D-D-O-OT3T3-0 my o o .2 2 J§ 
con3ca(OcocococOa)Q><]}0)>L.' 

TJ-DTDTIC JJ S2 

--I- □)0)0)D)01CnO)D)>->->' >>2 -^ > " 
C')'^-. 33333333-^-^-^-^^ O-'-P CO 
CBa2Siii-i-i-^'i!-<B<U<l)a)_ -5,^ 

E c5ClQQCiC)QQQ2222 o c ^ 2 
>»Q)E - - - - - - - -^'^'^^SEcois 

><^l5-OT3Tl-OT3-DT3-oEEEE^O_g 

2 Q-a oooooooottt t:-Q.LL <» t 

3_33oOOOOOOOOOOO| 33 
U. LI. LL LL U. U- U- U. IL U. U. U. li. U. LL t- IL LL 



0) : 

-.00 

x:x: 0) 



r> U) 1- 

I x: CD 

,CM o£ 

L=° 

<^C0 = 



. 2 « o 
mo.. 

- >• CO CO 
'J^ O (1) Q) 



■C CO _ 
<« T S 



*J J- -i- CD -. 

ga^aaooc 
3333333" 



I O CD c 



> > 



CO CO' 
CD <D 



SS2§ 

C CD C^o 

•7; o CD 3 t: 

y CO XI XI O 



S- CO 
£ CD ^ 

>-EE 

fog 



2 CD i; CD 



C0"O CO 

'2~o m2 
ca2-RS u 
>-n frJ5 CO 



(02 

>"C o — 

.<2 c Q.-^: 



So 



>. >* >^ >» >. >^ >. : 



; = = ^(Occccc:cc 



■cS^^iE 

I (0 (0 CD 

llcmlliUlllliTllllllt^Q O ooo 



.. CCCCq) 

■*i;cOcO(0(OcOcOCOCOCOCOCO_Q 

<D(DCDCD0CUCD(DCDa)CD(D2 

c3oaooc3oac3aoaa 



L." " 

CD " 
11 



(D O O 
jO o o 

?■ Q-Q. 
CD C CD CD 
■D CO ^x: 
■|G O O O 
— OOO 
2-3 3 3 

OO 00 



D-29 



Appendix D 



oooo o oo 



CD (O to O) ID r~ ^ 



1— OOCDOOOLOIOOCOOOOOOOJCOOOIOO 



o) CO CO r^ r^ ^ 



CO f- C\J CO Tj- tT ( 



ICOOCOOOOOCOOO-<}-COCOCDlOtOh-OI^O 

cor^ r^r^r^commcomr^inr^r^ioioLoioououo'<3'inr^ 

(O O^ CD C?) CVJ CO un CO CO OD T- lO CD CD lO lO m lO Tj- to IT) CO I 



CO CO CO c:> T- 



^ T- 1- ^ T-T-cn>-co 



lo r^ oj c^J CD m CO co cnio r^ cj cm cm c\j cj eg ▼- cm lo oj oj lo cvj r^ co co un lo 

,-0t-»-0i-0 O T-t-O »- 1-1- t- t- t- T-r-T-^ t- t- t- O t- r-T- 1- 



cu?- 



^ ^ CO i5 ° "' 

QQCOramOoJC 
^ a^ ^ (0 o o ii 

^^o,o>ies<DM 

I I CD CD <B a) CD~ ' 
CCNXXXXX-r- 



T3 CD 

ra">. 
X P 



CD Q. 



CTJ (]> 



5-0 



eee 

.3 .3 o 

C CD C C C 
5t3 O O O 

=5kEEE 



co-c 



X CD — 



cDiocn 



— CD £ .£ 

M <= E E 



3 0) (Q 
JTD O 
> CO 0) 
J X"0 
3 CD (0 



CO CO o „ 

jz ox: <D . ^^_ 

oo§-SSEa)^£cco i--.<2cc 
>,>.■>.■>.•>. 0) >,■>.■>.>.>. 2 S 2 S ££££ 

OOOOO^OOOOOO " T3 "D T3 q O O 



CO c-c 
CD.5 >• 

c 1- X 
t -r o 



-r^£ 



>.i; 



O CD 

— £ 



CO CD 
CD O 



cn 
3 


CO 

F 


O 








T- 


^_ 


u 


n 


X 


X 



9^ E 



CD 



CD (0 



CO E 



C0C0(0(u(u^(0CO(O(O(OCOCO(O(O(O(u(O(u 

X X X X XX xxxxxxxxxxxxx 

CDCDCDCDCD I CDCDCDOCDCDCDOCDCDCDOCD 

XXXXXZXXXXXXXXXXXXX 



I \ .^ii 

CD CD CD CD 

c c c c 
m o m 0) 

CD CD CD CD g 

EEEE3 

(0 CO CO CO 

XXX xx: 

CD CD CD CD I 

XXXX2 



E_^ 



eg g 

T3T3- 
CD CD 
C C 



^TTT-f X X C 
(0 -y -y -^ CD CD CU 
gcDCDCoXX g 
X ,-",-",-' CM T^X 



« , 



ii CO oiS 
CD *;— CO - 

" £ ?->-iB <» 

« >,^ Olfl-D 

I ^ c CO '^ CD 

1- T3 CJ 

ccccciS-a-so 

CD<DCD(DCDa>22o 
oXXXXXoCDOjm 

c<d<dcdcdcdJoo o_ 
cdXXXXX >.ca CO >. 

X I 1 I I I X X 

cDcococococo o >.>.a) 

— I X X X X 



cE 

"Zi * 
ex: 

o 

1 o 



l-< 



0000000000000c 

CD'TOCJJ'a-OOOOOOOOl 



)ooooooooo 00c 



>0 OC7)OOr^OOOCOOLOCOC7)Oi-CMOOm 



0000 000 00000000 

O O O CSJ O to O O O O O ID O O O 
COCOCDID OCnO OOOIDIDCDOO 



Or-.Tj-|^COCDT-CMCOCOTtCJ)OlDT-COlDr 



t- CD CO CD ID 00 1- 1- O i-»- O CM 0> CO f- 1 



COOO O (DIDO 



1-CDOCOCD 



1- CO CO CO CD CD CD ^ CM t^ ^T CO CM ID CO CD CO CD 



1— O 00 CO CO ^ ^- 



lOCMlOCMCMlOlDlDi-lDtOi-»-i-i-i-lDlDlDlD'*lDCDlOi-lOCOlDeOCOCDCMr^r~«DCDeD 
,-,--i-,-,--i-,-t-i-i-i-i-i-i-t-t-t-t-t-i-t-i-i-i-t-i-0t-OOOi-000i-0 



ID 1-CO 



CMOTCMCOCMr-mCM 
1-OOr-T-OT-O 



(D a> 
10 o 



5-10 



•^ CD 

"^ "" IV) u/ 
9 CD +-^ 






■2t;;-Soo 



CD 3i: i; ;2 
□.O" c CO o 

O CO >,(D O 

i; (D CO C C 
Q.CO -fc -P 

o'o'o 00 

CD (D CD CD CD 
00000 

OOCDC3CD 






^ J^ CO (D 

■^ O C O 1- 
Ol— ^ " 

■g;-:o2<DP 

„ ;£ ra S^ >. o a> 
o oO) o o> c ™ 
c c o ,0 o 00^ 
O O CO - — ■ to ^ o 



CO CD ; 
O C^ 
Q.co'- 
2S< 
D-CO , 



D.=6EEEi:i=tt^^t- 
>.■>.■>.■>. ">.'>.">.'>.'>.'>.'>.'^o 

CDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCD0Cd!5 

0000000000000 



E- 



3 : — -^ « 

1^ « « E g 

■lo-BSsi 

^= CDi: (0:3 a> 

■ 9- (0-£"O o CO 

2<OOE.CLCOC_ 

>: fep-D-D-g p^ 
■ £ ^ "o o "g « 



^E 
-. ^ o .3 

^_ D. CO ^ (O 



>.5 m cr *^ 



s 



. O CD S 

x^S 

^S .Eooooooxx 
O00000000002 

I >•>•>•>■>■>•>>>'>•>• o 

soocDoaaoocDoo 



CO (0 



l_ >. 

CDo) 
CO O 
<D 5 



tCD CO 
X -2 
O o'E 



3(Dg 

O C m 

000 



c c 

l.i 

3 (0 

OX 



(0 O ^ - I _^' 

0) o a> —7 7 tJ ■ 
^ cocoi-pg- g'E co- 
co 5 o -:^-::i !=; o '" cu >■ <" 

$ O -c n n-= iS (0 CO CD t . 



<D, 



CD 



~C_ 



00 

CO CO m c 

•|ool° 
(0 o o o (0 d> 



?!E 



(0 CD CD oT 



*:=§ 0^:i:i DlX^XQ-S 
™ (0 CD CD 0) ■ -V m CO 

XXXX 



— >, c c c -t; c 
(0 9- (0 (0 (0 9- CD 



X (iXXXcvjX 



D-30 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



1 



o o o o 
o o o o 



oo o o oo o 
o o o m oio o 



o o o o 
o o o o 



a>o-^oc\joooooooo ooootoioo ooi— o r^ooo 



OOtO COO) h-.COT— r^i— ^CO-^CDOJCO^ttO r*-COlO'^CDCOCO r^OTrJ-OJ LOCOOOO 



CM ca a> 



<N<NJ OJin OJTtCD-^lOCOCOCOCOlOlOlOlO 



Oi- o T- 



c 03 :rr 0) 
i5 >.>•.£ 

£ o oS 
«)£ o <0 

filial 

llilll 

+-' *« frt "O TO ra 



>-Eo- 

o o o 

> k_ ^ k- 

i-OTi-a 

'■>,>.>. 

XII 



0)0 

*- o ^ 

X o cr 

E^ o 



L. ^ O 

I- 1. S Sen 
<D <D (0 -S 1 



c ra £ S>fl to 
o) <D >. o 0) 0) a) 

O Dll -h D) CT-o 

t5 £ I >•£ £ ^ 

i-i J^ II 



^ ^ (B O ^ 0) 

■S£-g-D:g5.'5 oi S 

>• 3 OOOOOJ2|N! 

oi-S'S S ™ « " «■ "cii^-.S 

T3 " (0 0) O O O 'O O V . >, 

MNrslNNfMN I i_Nl 

.£.Exxxxxxxx_x 

3300000000>-0 

ii H >.>.>.>.>.>.>.>.a) >, 

■O-DIIIIIIII £l 

>> >- I I I I I I I I I 

I I Q. Q. Q. D. D. Q. Q.'* •* 



«>. 



Eg.5 



Q.tf>. 

PI®- 

<o JL OmEl 
-!-T ° != clS 
>.-! i CO fa 



■s; <i> 



t- c <i> <B-io- >--S 5" -c 

C =6^:1 Q I o>,£ c 5 

•500 i??cv£h-a£5 
g^o) (1) -h-t^ £ 0) <j> ra-£~ £ 

lllKlllit^ll 

OOOoXXgcDXa)!^ I 

>.>.>.i:oot:>>o >-■* g-f 

XXXT3i;^-DXi=Xip- 

■o -D -b T 1 1 E,-b I -0 ^ "c : 
IIIcMt^r^ I -a- 1 c\i < 



(0 -g 

>■« 2 io 



X a) 



1. (0 CO (0 
■D I O I 
>.CO ^CT 

■E :=■ Q-~ 

m ^ E 

= £ ?!■£'?; 



<a C 
_c ~ 

E "O ■5 
.i5 "0 o 

goo 
>'0 o 

£ !2 5 

iJ i: '+: 
>, — . — 
coo 

.Q-c c 

All 
>■>• 



0)-^ 



ElE 



■tf ♦? >. >. w > 



^t: "i= 

>, g'a E ^ 
£ £ x3 X ■ 

O T3 O C o 
>•>,>- O \- 
X T "O P'O 

1 zSi £i 



:<NlI 



C 0) CO 
i J$ £ 

C-O "D 
□)>. o 
toi m 



O 0) 0.!i 
CO "O CO C 

I "v I .£ 
CO gco I 
I £ I CVJ 

>.-□ >. I 
X >,X m 
0^0^ 

CM = CM -a 

O '-' ^ 

I N I ]^ 

j_ ■gj_'o 
>.'c >. — 
^.Cx: J 

o^<^|_o 

£ -£° 

"o 9--D I 



p >• 



X) E^ 
>-3 I 

^■g CVJ 
CM O J^ 

I ra>, 
I •= -k- 

£ I X 
<"7 £ 

o o >- 



TJ 


«i 


« 





3 
C 


E 







r-c 











«. 












000 000 ir> IT) o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o 0000000000000000 5922 
oo-»— CO 00 cD^-ooooo^— 00000000000000000 oooooco^ooooooooio 00000 
o o r^ 1000 10 r^o o o CD O) O) o Lo o o o lo o o o o o o o o o o o o <n oco ir>o oio oio oo oooo cjooo 



irtinr^ CM r^ ^ 



f- 1- T- CNJ CO 



jr*.^ 10 CNJCM< 



OJ CMOJCO 



OT^-coaxor^r-'CsjcMcocooT-'cfoo) 
ooiO'^'^tncD<Dr^CNj'^cocD(D'«tr^<M 



-^ CD CD coco m ■^ CO CO 



CO 

_ CI) 



Q2 



CO "^ 



c I" £ c "5 
c c ao c 

^ C CO « CO 

>.£ o — s: 

X j3 -^ 

0) >, >, >..9) 

X X X X i- 

-^ a) a) (D -^ 
cm 



■g 0) o^m CD 

>• CO 0) X fl 

^11 'I 
co>,o Ej 

Co " 



II 



m CO t 

-Xg CO a) a, CO 

>. C — +- ^ CO 



i£i 
I I'll 

oS P>, 



a> 0) a) a> a> o 
=^a)iliLa)°°m^ 

g'.p °5£cO(OCOCO(OC 



5 CO (0335 
; X ? P X X X 



2 2 "io 000 OOODOOOOOOORicaiS 



>.— 


c 


ft" 


i- 


r-c 








a>!»- 


co 


- c 


u 


■5^ 











■% 


m ^ 






SEJ 



0) >. 

■s X 

CO o 



a) a> a) 
c c c 

E'E'E 
^ ^ ^ 






ccE:ccccccccEccccc:cc-s'Pj?oocfla)0)a) 



'. — "J" 2 o otocoraloraCooooooooooo-Soooooooooooooooo 

I X xiS X x£ix X X xE E-o-b-o-o-o-D-b-o-o-o^-b-o-u-b-b c-b-b-b-b-b-b-b-b-o-o-o-o-o-o-o-o 
I a)a)'^a)a) 1 a <d <a o o :2 ■>.>,>.>•>.>.■>.>•>.>.><>■>•>•>• >■— >>>■>■>•>•>>>•>'>•>•>•>•>• >'>'^ 
8X1 IIcMlIIIXXXIIIXXIIIIXIIIIX -■- -r- 1- -r 1- -I- -r -r -r -r -r -r -r -r -r -r 



^■D-aT3 
ra •£ "* S 

m C C C 

0) a) (1) a) 
m o O) o 
^000 



IIXIIIIXIIIIIIII — : 



a) 

O'DTJ-O 

"ill 



D-31 



Appendix D 



oooooooooo oo 
miooooooooo cno 



ICOt-OOOOOO i-O 



OOOOOIOOO 



O't oo5i-~or^Oi-»- 

T- CD T- ,-■<(■ tT T 1- 



Pi- T- T- CVJ CD lO T- O Tj- 



OOOOOOOOOO OOOOOOOCOOOOOOOOOO 
^^^^,^_^,^„ OOOOOOOt— OOOOOIOOOO 

oc:>ooooooo o o oor^ ooo 

^COCVJOOCNJCOC«JO-«3-CD 1— r^cococMOcotoco-^cgcoo^— OCDCO 
r^ocDcNjT-ooojcDoo cor^r^r^cDcocD-^cD o o or^r^ r^coo 

^■^ lOO^-^T-CDLO CNJCNjT-CvJCMCMCMCMLOT-T-^mcOCDCDCO 



m r^ lo CD r~ lo CM 1- Tf lo cmcd 

T-O 1- OO^- 1- 1-1- »- 1-0 



h-CDCDCOCDCDCJTj- 
OOOOOOi-i- 



miocDiocDintococD r^ r^ r^coio mio^*- 



t <» — 
©■(32 



C (D 



>.iiQ.njnj>.0)E2S3 

X CO o a Q. <i> CT 

0(Dj->.>.0>.>._^l 

i; O) Q. Q. a t D- CL >• E m 



a) ^ +- 
c <J n 
o o o 

"■° i 

nj >- "I _ 






, o o 9-0 o >< 



^ 0) 

o c 



__ Q) >, O 

O '"D £ "D 
— -r, "O >• 



c^J 2 o ' ra 






Ex 



-p ?■ 



i .£E 



(n5:£:>.£:v:o^>.>.o).cc 



a. Q. X Q. Q-i; c X X "O 



. >.>.>.>. o >. >.'p o o 
axxxxi=xx>-ci-. 

' E >• 



o 0> (D c nl 

E-S^rall-b° 

iEE£g£?3a^P 



13 X X 



.2 o o 

o >..!5 



c cj nJ 
rami- 

°1^ 



, axXXXMXXZ 



-r-r-r-r-Q^i t t 



E.po-g:£S 
J>Ec^^ nl 

C (« (TJ I c -^ 
.- . „(Ui:t3COCO 
■DCvJCD.CLC„-O0 



ra I o 



E e; 



O)— _ 

-aT3 2 

0) (U £ 

c ra ro o 

"5 E E = 
cnXIT) ra 
coo 



0) S-o) 
^■£ ^ ,- 

2 o ra E 

3 Jit o 

o o o o 

•O TJTJTD 

o o o o 



E <» 



Q) o 

E^ 



oj Q. I — 
c o o o 

O O O 0) 



a ? s2^ 



«-5.'?£'* 



a <? 9- 



° ^i CO o o S ca. o . 



cE 
:s « 
ex: 

o 

"™ 

1 o 



SI Q. 

<S -: 
l-< 



OOOOOOOOOO 



lOCDC3)COC35i-OCOCDr-. 

r~r^i-ia-Ti-ioiococ3><3) 

T— CO CO CO CO CNJ 



OO OOOO O Tj- 



O Csl OO O O 



OO uo o o T- o 1— tn T- 1- in o oo 



OO ocooo ooo 



o o (3^ m LO o 



O O OO 
O O OO 



OOOOCviOOCJ OC\J 



1- ott t^Tj-t^r^ Ti-in 

in COCD 0^(3>C3J la- ^ 



CNj cj cvi cvj cMT^Lom r^ CO co 

T- 1- T-T- ,-Ot-T- Ot- O 



COCOCOCO COtJ- id IDLO 



Cvjr^OCMCNJOCOia- 050 
r^COCJ)CJ>C35OTO>0> 030 

<j> o> <ji <yi tji Oi ^ ^ o 



cocococococococo r^co 

OOOO OOOO OO 



« E 



OO 

_o o 
c c 
o o 





a ■ 








c 
























^=? 






•^ ro o 






1 V !o 






7EP 






-i.TE 










o_ &•— 








«Ora 5- 




mid 
nut 
oil 
1 al 






— O (0 o 


CM 

1 


o o m 


■n 





5 ~£^ 
lu ^ i Era 

;^OC04:;;^„?:i>-cO 
.*_.*_„ >.■ — " ' — ^M- 0) C "O -^ := 

coo)^0000»t5^coSn2 

^^,>-l I I l>,£'?-lJ$T3l 



^ c: c c 

X> T3 (0 J I 1 L o --J. -L C v — 



2E^ 






1^ 



^o§c^ 



IP?: 

2 Q.Q.C 

ro o o a> 



CO c c c Q. 



-EE^ 



— (D-D £-0 
„ ^ >-.£ §3 S 

■g-gEo a;oo»>,^(i)a;^^Ort 0(3<NY9- 
>.>,>, X X X X *j 9? CM X c o X "■ >< o >• " 
£££ o2°S>.x>,£>."'S~°^£>. 

©©©•□"□■□■OXOX'Dg >-T> y 'S.^ 0) X O 

>.>.>.>.>.>.>.oi= o >-9S >-"'^>>>-Oc 
XXXXXXX^ ^i X-e(0X>.X5X^o 

■a -o •□ £iCi£i£ix — X — " =S — ra — 7 -o £ 3 

>■>■>• Ill °i'^i'>'i'" 

XXXi- 1-.- i-cmZ CO.- ■— Z Xco 






tj »-» o ■*" *u ,^^.ii 

■C-C^ ^„— £ O 
CD (D'S £ S ?'<U "^ 



CO Tf Tj. >,(U Eog 
I I I X o >, I o 

>^>'>vO (0 X >^o 

xxxt.>-ox-g 

O O o^OS 1- '^ - 

i-i- t: >.c'a 1 



■Deo 

_ E '° ° 

O^ I it 

I ■s.rz-iD Q) 

7|^^^-E 

(u c " >.>. 
_L 5.E-CJZ 



o c — O 



.- S (0 £"=-c . 
I Op c (0 o ■ 

^ c^Q,'-'--! a 

'c — J. >. ' 

SI (DT 



SI 0) 

o5E 
Ec^-rc^£lt= _ 



E Tx>>-S^EE 



=;^=:E£E-g5 

p E-i.E-bt J$ o7 
S'>--IP-Q-!. 



<D*; o 



-^ E i_ CO 'O 
■ (0 d) (1) •" ' o 

2;ot;>,E^£ 

0§'"£i (»t 



— (i)£ h CO 

Hi .(]).. 

"5 "2 "2 "5 E55 ■ 
("ooo o o 

g (0 (0 (0 ^" (fl (0 

o o o o^o o o . 
(0 o o o (0 o o • 



X5><£'&-4 



(DO) 

_ _ o£oEE 

ppo^=-p„ p^-D^g-^ 

Stx^o o2^>-:c>>: 

~ — XJ TJ 
I I >. >. 

c<j2XX 



xboJo — x-gnix 
•D E^D 



O *^ 

CO "5 ra ro ro ro ^ io w c o 

CCCCiTCC (OO 

I I I I O. I I C I 

CJ CVJ CM CVJ (0 CM OJ O CD 

I I I I C I I C I 

>. >. 



(D Q.O. CI O-sz Q.Q.- 



>. >.^ >.>»>. >^ ; 



•o p 



xxx4-Y^ 

1- CMCVJ-^ OJ''!- 



.-ix^^?^x^x>:-4i^ 



Oniooooooo 
■b 9-b-b ■b-DT3T3"a 



X X 

o o 



S.X i^C— Cx :i-T X x^ 



TJ- Tf COCO CD 1- CO CO 1- CO CO ^ 1- 



D-32 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, li 



t-^-OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCOOOO 



oa)0^f^ioCDr^if>io(i>'<tr^f^r^<:ncDcocDmcocNjo)T-co^- 



i->}'TrtorfcMocoor^i-uoTi-'<r(D 



in ir> o o t-~ CO CO t^ en o ^ 00 »- 
comcocDir>r^ir)cocoo)0)0>rr'^oooLOLOTj-iotDCDrtcocococoiocnr^CDcr)a)tDaDT-(r5cnh*o 
o o m com ^ oD cDco r^ o 05 o> r^r^»-^— cm r- -t-t-t— oooo cnj lo co co ct> co cm -^ o c:> i- 

CDCocMiomcvjf^f^r^r^cMcvjcMcocoioioinininLOincvJu^iotoi— CMCvjcMCMCMCMr--r^t^r^f^r^cococococMCDcMiocMir)Lninincoinco^- 



OOOt-1-OOOOOi 



-OOOOOOOOOOOOOi 



o >• 



0) c 

^2 



!5 >.S c 



c«2 
nj <o o 

O 3 o 



: (o 



•<-;•• a) 



. (BT3 

■IS <" 

, TO ■*-> 








Q. 


















(0 

o 


Q. 


Q. 





■ ui-a ■ S 

, t n!^ ^o 

l-o 0) <" 
-' m C -ir- 

. (0 i; nj >. 






: ojt:^ 



♦' _ c 



Q.a.(i> X 

^^ I ^ 
oooo 



O 0) 

oi 



T3TJ o O 
OOP" 

nl nl 'c o 

o o ra c 

o o >.*; 

c c c o 



« S S ^ 
oooooooo 



o c c o 

.y o o o 

C C C I 

oooo 

(0 (/> CO CO 



j>* TO .= ii X n 
C O-C -£^ P 
0) >-«J ° °-D 
O O , Ui2 >, 

•D-D O 

(0 CO C >.>.>. 

O o 2o O O 
o o o o o o 



. <B (0 (0 



"If 



•mrSOJPti-S"© 



E « c o 1 



I5S2 



rsl m 



■D >,-□ 



RES 



E" 



I a 



: o o 0) 3 



J9 I o 



oj oj c O O 0) 
0-5 ® jc^ j:: 0) 
_ o-^ Q. a Q. c 
>. >.£- >. CO 

o o ^^£'0 c 

o o o o o (U 

1 I O O O I Q 

„„„„^ „„_-_____ 0000000 , 

(/>C/)C/)C/}C00>CAC0COC/)C0C/>C0COC/>C/>C0C/)(/)C/>C0(0&)CAC0C0CAC/)C/>C0COCOC/>C/}CO(OCO0]COC0COCOCOC/)C/3C/)C0^C0C0C0 



c c c t 

I CD CU (U C 
.0.0.0. [ 



9 o o n o ^ 0) S 

"""■•■^^CMiS-g 

f ^^oo'-Ec 

>.COCOCOCO<DCOCO 

■{;.cc.cc C Q.Q. 



oi= 

)_ £= 07 



Sag 
E o X 

!-■= ID 

- w-£o-c 
'■ ~ !k i^ I 



CD.CX: JZ.C 2; ■ !-' 



€iE|feSg. 
CO c >,.y- o z >. 

to Q_^ Q_ 

.>.>< o >.>.>.o 
.a.a.L. 0.0.0.^ 
o o 0.0 o o 9- 

O i- 1- k- o 



o.aQ.a.ci.a.aQ.aQ.a.Q.a.ca 0.0.0... 
ooooooooooooonroooT 



•0 


<a 


« 





3 
C 


E 




« 


CJC 











_ 






1 









oooou>oooooooooooooooocoiooooooooooooooooooooooooooocoir>oooioo 

OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOLOOOOOOOOOOOOOOTOOOOOOOOOLOOt-OOOOOOOIOOOCM 
r^f^CO'^^COh*OOOOJCOOCNiOOOOtnN.COOOOOOlOCOOO'^OC^CDOOOOCOOOOLOT-01C35U3T-r^'i-^— ^-OJCOOCO-^ 

(DCNjc\jr^r*-»inr^cor*^iou5inoi/)cvjcdr*^0)'*-cdcoaococO'*— cncnojr^ 
■f-r^r**inu>'<*iOco<ooooior*»o>u5co'^cDT-ou>incoioaD<x30)0)'«3''^'^csia3CJ)coco'^'i-r^G)u>c^ 

0<D(0^-T- ■r-lO<D^— ^— ^— 0400t-0)COCOOt-t-t-0) OTCD T-COr^lOUO^OO)G)OOr^r^r^ 0)05COCOCO CO 1— CO 

cou>inr^r^r**r^u7ior^h*r^c^i<>jwr^iowwcou>r^r^iocjM^io-i--*-r^r«»r^»-u^ioiou5iocow 

OT-r-0000-»-^OOOOT-T-Ot-*-T-Or-OOT-OT-T-i- 1-000 T-T-T-T-T-T-Oi-'i-^^^T-^T-T-T-^^-i-^i--«-T- 



■5« 

CO ^ 

o"co 
n "> 

1.1 



2e- -^.fiS 



-<d£ o 
o >.>- 



CO c c 

„ eg eg >, >, >, 

E E E 

I CO CO CO 

I o o o 



5^(0 CO 
o o o 
Q.-PP 

>. 

E CO CO 

000 



p-o 

Q.S 
C CD>,fl 

g ojoc^cu 

CO E Q. _- 

00 

>.>.>.£: c 

ccccoco>.>.>.>.>.: 
o o o 'S'S 
00000 



CDii- 

3-c „*; 



CD CD ^_ E Q, 
CD CD £■ O E y 

O O oiJ § S 

CO CO CO ca.^ 9J 

(0 .0 






" " ., S <D >$ CD 



Ti"DT3 
2 CD (D O 

■g n rarao 

- >-?^a2 ■ CD ©">-S- 



« c 

Co® 

EE| 
CO .E 

T3— T3.i2 

£g:o-D 

^ o *^ © 

? c o >• 



% E g-jS 



-»* V S^ CJ-+.' cu iw ^ ^TTI 

>< 00 «a3(D.g.gg-gi: 
i^£:5^ lo nj E E ^ c >,2 - ra 
nj 0) (u Q. o "^tiS J5 ii~ Q. nj — 

5t25^^t^>-cDe^^°°'°"°"tlill|l|pll 



i: ji .c jz CD o .c 



.t;.c 
c Q. 
o o 



■j3C]JX10g.2EoQ.Q.g.mcOk.(auu 

,■>,">,■>.■>.■>,■>,■>.■>.■>.■>.'>.■>.">.">. >.>,>.>.>._ 

'S'S'S'S'S'S'S^'SS'S'S'S'S'S'S'S'S'S' 
i.o.ai3.o.a.o.o.Qj3xixixij3.o.axixixin 



^.2°^° o 

,>.>.>.>.>->.>.>.>.>.o) >- o> >> >> y 



0000000000000000000000000 



co«m«<o««(ommcoc/)«cocoww<ococ/)m(ocococococococococococococo(ococococococo<ocoeoco_co_co_coj 



D-33 



Appendix D 



OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO OOO OOOOOOOOOOOCOOOOOOOOCMOO'^lOtO-'^CVJOOOOOO 



JCOCOi-CNJOOOOO"- 



OOOOOOOOOOOOU5CDOOOO 
OCOOOOOCMO'3-OrJ-OC-JOJ'a-UOOO 

r^^TM^cooof^iOTTcocD^ocncococor^ ocom ocDr^cDr^cor^cDCDr^otoir)Ot-a)-«-cot— T-Lor^r^r^r^OTj-comcocooir^ 

Tt CD CO 03 lo r^ "^ CO <D TT oi ^ CO CO T- T- en OT T- en cj) r^ o CO o o m lo en r^ o t— -r- r^ CO 00 00 C7) (7) o o CO CO CO 00 CO r^ CD r^ CO o o ir> 

iDU>LO CDiniomincM i- 1 en cj) tio <D r-- cd co r^ r~ r- uo »- i- t- t-o o oo o o^ i- o o o o o o oojcor^ t-~ co 

cvjcgcgT-cMujcjCMCviintocMf^cMCjLoco cocgco ioinm'<i-ir)Lnu5cnir>^^'*Ti-TrTrTj-^r)-Trrf^->jn-Ti-^Tf^cD(OCDCD»-CM 

T-T-»-T-T-T-T-^»-»-i-^»-»-T-T-T-»- O'-'- T-T-T-T-T-1-T-l-T-00000000000000000000000»- 



II II II "".s^ 
o o o n" 0) (0 

fl 13 13 o3 2 o 

E.£Em Q.~ 



■ (0 -^ CO • • 

■ (5 o o ■ ■ 

■ o^ ■ ■ 
; E <o Q. • 

• ^ <D <D CD 
."O C C C . 

:8ee5„ 

■ © >. >.-'^ (0 



(S^ 



0»J2i2-,<D<''aJ<DQ.u ■>.>coSl 

■r; >. >. >.5 ;? O .5 .£ 1- O) m O O 1- ^ 



>< CO m . 



CO . 
.T- CMt- 1-CO 



O r* CNi CD ^ lO CD . Cvj 
T- CO ^- CO lO CO T- CO CO CO Cvj 



° X 



o o u o 'o o 

CQ CQ (0 (Q CO (Q 

_o _o o _o o o 

3 3 3 3 3 3 

(0 (Q (0 CO (0 (0 



: .EEE 



iiiiiiililliiiiiill 

OQDQDQtnOQCQCQCQtnDQCQOOCJOOCO- 0) 



(D 


o 


■o 






<n 


O 




X- 


en 


o 


cu 




^E 

■z « 
c£ 

o 

1 o 

A^ 

^ a 

CO -^ 



oo o oooc 

T- O O O O O O O CO T- o o o o o o o c 
CM00000U700 OOOO O O'-Oevjc 



^oooooooooooooooooooooo-»-oooooocooocoiocoooooooooo 



. . _. __ oooo 

jcoococooc3)oooooooor^r^or^r^r^LOCDoeDOOooo 



cDcn r-eoenoocMC 
o»- eococo^cor~-e 

y-m OOOOCNCJ) 



)T-^coeo'a-ioi^O)cncooe\jcooO'a-c3)cj)eoor^M-eni-cvjtTi-i-T}-'>3-^cDcococDoc>jr^mo 



r^ en cj) CO CO CO *- lo T- tj- ^r co co m ▼- ii- co t- t- t- cdoj 



t-COtTIO 



cOr-cMCMT-cocoo5^^e^Jc^lc^JCMC^JC^JC^Jmmc^Je^JmeomeDCDCDmlomLnLOc^>CMmmm<DCMC^JCOoo^*e^iCMC>J 



X ci5 >• 
E © >•>< 

>,Q.O Q. 

2 DO <1> Q. 
T3~_-_. 
?"o O O 
I C C C 
C^ CD 0) CU 
— ^^^ 

0) 0) 0> 0) 
C C C C 

d) a> 0) 0} 

S '- 1111 <» 

fl) ^ >.>.>.>.!2 

>><» 2 2 £ 2 — 
S-— aCLQ-Q.— 

p >> o o o o >■ 

S g- CO CO CO CO g- 

8-2TTTT2 
<o2> in^rr-^SS 



»-i-t-»-»-OOOOt-t-i 



T-r-T-^-T-f-f-T-T-T-OOO^-T-l-'-T-T-l— «-T-1-0^-^-000t-T-T— 



_o to 

5E 



IB Q^*- 

® 2 Vra 
O 0) J. o 

I .5 

Q.aa I 
o o o^ 



^1 

o CO 

c . 

^1 

CO CO 

o S ». 

5 <0 - ro " . -7- ■ 

t:; r: CD +- c — * 

XLsi <a Esz c^ 
>> Q. a) ra _□. CD J. 
E 5 o a >.-5 >■ 



® S 
« "I 

o ® 

>.:a 

o ^ 
c c E 



^E. 



CO 






o Q-o 

'- O >- ,n 

. Q.CO Q.i2 



m (0 (0 
— (U CD 



3 10 0) 
•*^ Oq CO >, 

X— S o o 
2"g5"Q.:5 

° E 5 R-- 

._ c ♦- o o 
■ - - --S-c 
•g-g-g Q-ca 
o o o E i^ 

(0 CO CO (0 (0 

o o o o-^ 

(0 (0 (0 (0 CO 
U CD Q> (D 



i: <D 

O C - 

c. o a o, 

0) <B C CD o 0) 

fa 'E 1! _ "o S 



_ CD CD 

a. (/) ui (n (n tn (n 



CO co-5,o^-o£ 

CD ID 2 >-.i2 CO ^ 

° ^ x>,— _L:g 

.!2 c o o CD >, o 
»^ *:• -n S ra o o 



S5° 
o '" 
o _- 

'- 10 

. o 

^ CDC 

CD5 j: 
j:~ o 

•^ TJ CD 



•a i: O ID ii 



■4-TJ ID 

CD CD t; 






° p. 

CO C 



CD 


•^ 


TI 


CD 


X 


t- 








fc 


r 




F 


o 


CO 


F 


a 


F 


c> 


CO 






Q. 


f^ 










CD 


h 


b 


t 






tfi ^ ^ _« _W Q _C0 2 



.. CO i: i2 

" ' " — -- -- — — -- " " W ^ ^ 2 ^ CVJ — 



I CO 



. *- o o 

> CD CO CO 

:^_j_i 



ID >-^ E 2 

w — xnJ^raii 

OOOOOOnj-o-ot'3Q)*-"3_Ji- 

._ -. nl cJ I CO (« 

_l _l -I _l CO ----1 



. c c c c c c 



5cD«|s' 

CO o 



•^ O CD - 

CD p F .£ 

Era|| 

cDcomcDcDracocoroioioiococoiocara 
>^y:^ 



: = i=-o - --^ 



C C C C C C ll 



D-34 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



o o o oo ooo oo oo oo o o o o o oo oo o o oo oo o oo o o oo o otj- o o Ttoooomo ooo 

o oo oo ooo o o oo oo o o o o o o o oo o o o o o o o oo o o oo o o<\j o o CO o o o o r-- o ooo 

O coo OlO CD oo O O m O O O to O O CD r~ O O ooo T- CO ■* r~ CD »- CJ 0»- IT) O O O O coo O O OOOOO^IO C320CD 

r- cj C3^ *- c\j CM r^ o c\j CO o o CO CO en o 1- r^ r^ o CM CO r^ r^ (30 CO CO CO o o 1^ ^- o Tj- c3) CO o o o oj CO m co o co *- «~ co i-r^o 

00 CMCMOOOOCOCOCDOCOLOCO COOCOOOlOlOOOOOOOOr-r-r-^-lOO-'^-CDCOCO^COin CDOOLOCOm-^LO COtJ-UO 

O -r-LO ^■<3'COCDCO^COOt3- tTtJ-CDt-i- Q-r'f-y-y--r-t-r~-r^-w~T'T~ Tj-LOCD CO f-OUOCOIT) CO CM^t 

in to CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CO CO -^ CO Tj- -^ CD r^ r^ r^ CO r^ r^ r^ r^ r^ h^ r^ h^ r^ r^ r^ r^ CD lo m c3^ CD CO CD CO co lo lo lo lo c35 to cmcoio 

T- »- O O O OOO OO O O »-0 -r-i- O O O oo O O O O O O O OO O O O O T- 1- O Ot- O 1- 1- >- -1- -r- T- O T- ^ 1- ^ 



ci»2o§ 
c o^ o o 

O JC O -= (» 

£ " Eo - 

g->.-5,EiJ 

O ^1 -^ C O 

c I CM 0.0 o 

(OCM — <0 0) 0) 

5^" 525 




.9>-E-|i-Bo 

"O O O c ' <D "+3 



o o 



CO en ^ 
!^ p™ 
Q.=6 o 

o o E 

O CO N 



o o 
o o 
>. >. 

CJ)D> 

O O . - . 

"D I— H o o o o 

l_ — ■ N y N N 

O Ti -n "5 ™ "3 n3 

<»Jg(Oraooooc 



(i).2t. 
E'oo 



0) Q> d) (D 0) O Q> 



JLcc£o>«'c.^oo^S^S™ 

I 0)0)^ — .C CO >, 4^5 OJ ^ ^ Q) a) j3 j3 .Q XI o 

x:co^-5f c— . o « c a> ni (0 ■}- -K -K -K *:: 
^.szs:sz^^°_ >■_ =^^renjnjraro 

T- Q. Q. Q.»- 'O-L^J.^^^^CMrMCMCVJCM 



~o O O 

<D >.CM Q. 

ES^-E 

O 0) I Q. 

Q.E OO 

n T3 Q.Q. 
O I CO CO 

feO o o 



ra g N 
(O Ic - 

o o 

<u'o2 
E«E 

!l 3 o^ 
o-<o -i; 3 
o o 9- JO 

■*-'*-' TO -rj 
Q.D. O 
<0 <0 »^- X 



±o. 



I "O E2 

« gran 

<J- V. o O 



cE 

c-c 

o 

"75 

1 o 



l-< 



cj)'<roooooocMr-.oiocMiocoooooooocMOcooiooooor>.oooc350oooiooiocor~oo>ooooooooo 

T-eo<3>co^ir)<Dt^t^r^odooc>c3JoJt^r-ot^r>^CD»-'a-r^t^cor^ooocjcncocO'a-r^cMcooo'^ 

cO'-ioioinioiomu5U5ioiou5'<f«tcDU5'>;)-co'>a-coi-t-iocMr^oomi^ocnc3)"3-oocn(DiocDU5'a-OT-Tj-Tj-cniocnr^cocDooi^ 
p» CO T- T- 1- T- T- T- T- T- 1- ^ CM CO CO u> h~ T- CO CD CO CO t~- r~ CO lo CM CM o CM CM in i^ CO cj r~ T-r^ino ^t lo cd (d t^ co h- ■■- 

CMCMCMCMCMCMCvjCM cjCMCMCMr^ r~ t^ CD <o cM'S- CM CM CM'>9-cD (o m Tfinm CD CO ^t CO (D CD incD m com com cMin cot ^lovouxo^ mm 



■000 00T-T-»-»-i-^00T--r-»-f-00i-T-0 00T-0T-0^'i-i-i-'i-0'i-»-T-»-»-0i-i-^ 



-E 



3»E i^iS^ 

oiE2iT,S|S 

js IOSCO'S 2=6 

^raoo.^£:ca.coN 
T3-.-0 

■amraooo'oooooo 
Si -. .(oraraniniraninira 

O =5 JS C C C C C C C 'C C 0) 

Bo woo 0£ o o o o o c 
* "'3333333333 c 



^-o 

« <D = 

i- -D ra , 

O"™ -0)'- 

■ o o 



^ — o « 

ra O 3 Q.-^ ; 

E=6 ".„ ra . 
§S-!2.£.ot3_. 



£ c .^ £ o 3 o 



c <u o 'o o ra ra 
raxi >•>• ra (o y 

>• >• o o ra re i! 

raraoomajo 

a)0)D>o)a)0)C})a>o>o)0) oi—i c c c c c c c 



c_ccccccccccc 

C C C C 'C 'c 'C C C 'c C C .£ : 



n) ra 
g g 

o o 



ra 0) ra 
£ rao 



Q.T3 0.0 



CD >.ra (u ;^ 

:=X:.C C C 10 





o 


ra 


— 




ra 


o 


. 










>.o 






ra 


o 



0)0) 

race 
c ra ra 
o = = 
Ooo 

_ (0 O) D) C 

•Ba,.E.E=5<D 
S .^ ra ra -t; :g 

CO Q.O o -J c 

ra ra t fc I <" 
CD ra 

"5 



SB o _ 
<" ra ra IS -2 ra 



iEEEE 

I 3 3 3 3 



<-Tr>v>- 






0) « m 

I 



a) ra 
rao 



Sc; 
5:5 0) d) 

o-i.o« 

.3 ro © ra 



> xxixic 

o O 3 3 



^rararaocgjo 
■=a)<u<Da)(Booo'''!5<o^ 

I §,§)§) g,g)lll:yo2| 



n] ^l* c>j o c c ■»-: 

0) (D (D 0) (D O 

(4 (0 CO Cn 0) (A CO 

0) O 0) 0) 0) 0) (U 



c c 



c c c c 

(Q nj (0 (Q 
O O) D> 0> 

: c c c c 

J (Q (Q (0 (0 

:5555 



D-35 



Appendix D 



ooooo 00)00000000000000000000 to oooocvjco oomoooo CO r*-ooooo 
ooooo ooooooooor^ioooooooomooo CO ^cooo-i— uo oo^— oojoo in moouooco 
or^ooo oo500ooooooT-coT-cvjcor^oooooo f— i— i— ooo*^ ooocnjooo o ooocoor^ 

OO O) O CO CO T— 



o o o CD pj 00 c\j CO o 1- <D r~if) o t^ o M- r-ococo CO en en o T- <N 
cj CO c3> T- CD 05 CD 00 f^ r^ CO Lo r^ ■*- lo T- CD m ^- r^ r^ m r^ r^ CO rf Tj- 



u> in o ^ cvj cvj 



COr>.Ojrl-cO 'S-OOt-OO 



in cvj in in •* 



o 1- •r- •>}• T-O o 



OO 0'<a- 'S- 



T-.-1-^TtO T- -1- 



I c\j CO m r«- r- co ^ r«. cm t^ M- m 



CO i^ t^ inco h» 



« 
o 

c 

(0 

Bo>. 
a> o 



o S 2 i s s,E 

Js s£ C r- fl) D) S 

c — ^ o o "a o 
to - c c >•_ 

o F ra ra ^ c 
m " S >■>• — o 

5S2cM Q.2 



11 



^£ o o 

ni >. ra ra o 

■5, E >• >••? 
g'co-c jz 5 

LSS^ 

CD (U YTl 
5 ScMCO Q. 



(I> 



« 



c 

o 

<a.£ 

S 2 CD 
CJ5.!= 

_i:i5 
'I 



» 3"F 



(U 



0^0 2<i) 

3.S o 



0) 



22 

CO X 

=■0 



C " E <D ? C -^ _ CO " t: O ■□ 

S ©Mis So o g->->.i!g?' 



! C C 
tr CD O N ^ ^ ^ 
:9 c I m I ^n 

ll'I'I'I'll 

I o> m 0) 0)^^ 

ca.5 2 S 5 ,!■ (3 



CD— O 

c ra OJ 

hi 

10 ^.!2 

« >< 

. C X 

♦.f CD C • ♦^ CD O 

CD C O I. ^ CT^- 

CO c-f^^ o t; >> 

_ CO " *: o-o J3 
o> (D i N m m I - 

f_:9|g5:9-|a) 

<D Q m S-o o £• ° 



>.c» 
£E 

(U O 

>•? 



ffllfl 
. CD CO 

111 



0) o ^ 
E O CD 

- - ^- <» £ J- • 



TE 

m 3 

ric 

o 

11 
0) CO 



I |"rCD| iCDUCDroCDCD 



<B CD c 

o . CO CO CO 

i-Js t^Q 

•oOD O SoS-b 
>. — c c 5 « 

■^ CO CD_Q O 

1 E I I 3.n:=-^ -J^Jr i..9 ir-^io 

:§2T7^T|^E^t|i£g 

^_g- m a o ^^ ^ m ^^^^^ ■£ 

CD CD|,, CD" — 'CD| CD CD CD ^'"^ 

"""^ CO CO 2 2cm2222c\j 



P "c5 CD 5 



1 - t CO O V -^ 

T « 2 E S "5 .2 

:£ >> i2 I g,o i2 
£i05£:5£5 

V-- I CD CD (D I 

CM 8522 S 



■D 


CO 


4) 


u 


3 
C 


E 




4) 


ci: 











__ 






1 






l-< 



O OOOOOOOOOIOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

o ooooooooocMOOoooooooinoo 
o oooooocnoor-oooooooococnoo 



0000000000 
ooooinooooo 

OOOOO'tOOOOO 



0000000000000000 



CM C35 Lo o r^ TT in m CO Ti- o ■»- en o T- m CO m C3) cj) T- cvi CO en 
T m CO CD CO -^ ■'a- -^ f- ^- r^ r^ m in CD cd 



o 1-0 TJ- 1 



- 00 CO o 10 en CO CO CD CM CO ^ TT CO CO r^ -^ en o T- CO m ^ 
. ^ ._ ,- m r^ r^ r^ m in -^r^ T- in o cMCM o to o 

^ T- -"l-T-^ ^CDTl-O o 



to Lo CD CD CM CO CO CO in m CM in CO CD CD CD ^ ^ CD CD r^ r^ m in in m m to in m r^ co co m co r^ t^ in in t^ r^ in in in t^ in co co in r^ to 



T- T- o o O T- T- T- T- T- f- T- o o o O T- T- o o o O 1- f- 1— T- T- T- »- 1- o o o ^- o 



00i-»-O0x-t-t-0»-00»-0t- 



£ :o 



£■6 " 

1- O ID 

^ >'i;"F 
O ><^E 
CO O ?'<fl 



E< 



< 

2 


, 


2 




>. 




O 




±i 


' ' 


O 




m 


O 


F 


CO 




J 



o o 
o o 



^■nog-CD 



^■"g^cD; 

O :£ T3 t C ! 



- <^ T3 t C I 
CO CD CO (0 (0 I 

^ 2 .cc i: J 



0) I o 0) CD c 

2 8222: 



c c 

CO CO 
SISZ 



CD (0 >. 
■□ O ID ° 

■ozio.y 

™ "■>.-S 

o ot; >,CD 
*:*: CD CO C 

3 3 c 

CO CO _:_r c 

(D (D O O CO 

c z: c: c c: 

CO (0 (0 CO CD 

.c .cc j:.c 



-1 
fE 

II s 

c c F 

CD (D .E 



>-o 
£ o 

CD .^ 

■?; O CD 
C C 
O CD 



o ^-^ 



o a) 

C D)_ 

< CD O 

0} CO 



C CD >. 
■of J$ — 

>-£E<» 

CD I Tr 



CD'C 
O O 



EE 

CO >• f: 
— x: E <D 

- 5 ra 

c c Q i: 
.2 .2 o o 
x: .ccc 
o O 0) 0) 



^ CCM ^ • 

B gj.:5 ID 
^pfE^ojog £ 

ID o lii S' j- £ o 5" o 0) £"x: 0) 10 .io_ 
2 «_ g^ m o g o>,o b 2-ra c o — >. 
10 — o ^ £ >. >-^ >-.c cocOo.cJ..E7T>-c 

ss-^c;^g°'-s°'tp>,>,i£TEis| 

5 S£ g'fS g S-gc!,:5£ >,&S-2.£^§: 

XlCDo^lDmOO) I ID<D?C:OCD£l.>,X 

X X X i= c ^ £•*= &y xxcDX-tJo-Xox: 



"■6 



O CD 
CO O 
3. CO 



(D CD 



xxx*-c"7fr.^=^y xxcDX-TTCixox: 
ooocDCi£cD£ooo>.oi;>.Oi:-s; 
:5££2°£io2.i:C^£X£2X5^^ 

CD CD CD I. O J. > J. > 0) CD CD £ CD p^ £ CD 5 "f 

222£!.E-t£it222|2^f 2^ a 

OQ.CMCM CM CM ^ CM CM ^ CM Z S ■>!• t- 



S I C»o>.>, 
S :^ CD c c c 

i5 >.£ CO CD ID 

CO e: ^ Q.CX a 

CO CD.^ O O O 

•F x: >* k- I- i- 

-ixg,ci4-4- 

t; t: Q.X X X 
J 0) >,o o o 
25 X.CX: - 

'I £ 0) ID ID 



cDi!; 



CD 

<D CD x: 
- E °- 

■Pi" 

£ o JO 
.2 10 >,- 
□._ Q.Q. 



,2ra^ 

□._ Q.- 
O >.0 I 
I- Q. I- -^t 

I3.0 ei I 



o >. o o 



XI.C X .c x: 



■^'Eoi 
£ — 2 
. >- o'c 
X o-.t 
o o X 

.COD 



CD_c ID ID CD _ 



CO S T- CM CM CO 



^CO< 



CD 

cdE 
c o 

S.cE 

CD Q. ■ 
O O CD 
O CD CO 

ii 0-5, 
ID m C 
o>,o 

10 ^ CO 

>.a)">, 
i£25 

) CD I ID 

■2;a^2 



D-36 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



r- o o o o o oooooooooo 

0)00000 lOOOOOOOOOkOO 

o> o o in 1^ o CO to o o ■"T oD 03 c\] r^ o 



C0005 O T- OOlOCsJi-LOOinOCDOOOCDOm 



O O O o o o 

o o o o o o 

lO O U5 O lO O 



CO O O t^ CO CO UJ lO t t^ CJ (D O -^ 03 (D 

<D >- in 05 CO »- r~ 03 (D CM CD CM (D <\] 'a- r-~ 

T- O ^ OO h- 1-1- 00 1-03 -"i- ■>!• C3) 



r^ t^ cvj CO 1^ CM 



OTtoi-i-T-coT-o cncMi-tcn 



O CO T- 



comincomcM pj^cjjint^mr^inioin coincor^r~r^mr~int^incof~inincMoominp^h- cot~~ co ^in^cMcoco 



T- y- T- O y- -r- T-T-0»-0»-O^T-»- 0»-00 00v-0i-Ot-t-0t-»-00'>-»-00 y- O 



O T- ^ o T- o o 



E.i 



^E 



(D <U 
<0 (0 
3 D. 



^E 



(I> Q. 

c J. 

fc c 






;— ■^.SS^ 



Q. 



i5 <D c 

<a o F _ en T ^= = 

EE£io^|^^ 



o : :.g 

0) c ^ 

XI o fc 

ra E §■ 

<i> 0} 0) ra -n >■ 



oE 
nJ o 



(0- 



"D uS T3 E 



"(DO I ■t^ ■^ 



0) >, ffi-O 
■SI-c -S c 
ra ro g ni 

0) o c OJ 

0> O -i^ CD C 0) rS 

>- >. 0) J3 O Jr; C 
^ ^ -C O O ^ O 

a T3 .<2 I i; > " 
o o I o o o i2 
CO (/) "^r (/> (0 c/) -^ 



lcg^ 



C XI 

^ ^ E 



£ a; 
ra m g § ^ © ia 



: ra 



to nj 



_ 0) <D E 



l-^ = £ 



>> >■ >•■!;;; >.>.>.■; 



- 0) ^--C CM •= (D I "f Q) _ 



2 Q.O CJ 
nj ca nj ni 
0) u ^^ 

O (D (D (D 
= 111 

! ^ ^ ^ ^ 

o a o o 



Em 



c ra ■" CD 
£££= ■ 

S OJ Q I ^ 

-L I I J. S 

I CD Q I — 



t-B^' 



c. 




.y 




F 


b 


E 




c 








f 






CO 


1 
7^ 


3 








>. 




C 






^1 til. re 

z^°££oQ. 

J. 0) E Q-Q-Oj. 
^ CL^ 01 ni fli 1 



■D 


a 


e 


o 


3 
C 


E 




o 


cj: 


o 


o 


O 


« 


1 


o 



D^ 



t-< 



o oooooo in oooo 

o oooioo CO m o o o 

T- CM o o Tj- m o T- CO o o 

y^ •r^ CO in cJ T-^ <d' Tf c\i ■"S" cd' 



m CO -^ r^ CO CO co cm m ^ 



mo CO o o CO ( 



loooooinoooooooooooooooooooo 



Tt T-o moooincD-i— ooooocvjooooot-oooooooooooooo 

o o CM or»~ r~ o CM T- o o o o o o o»- o o o ^o o o oco CD r^ ocM o m oo in CO 

CD »-^o> a3'3-'*coininN^i-^ct3inO'-c3cc>r-.oe>cDcj>inoori-T-i-ci»-cMcocOTrio»-CDco 

r- coo T-COCO->J-CDCOCO'^mcOC3>Cn'3-C00303CD03050COC3)Cn(DCncnCOr~t-~I^CV)CMC7) 



T-oo^'*'>a-'-cMcoo 



O O O >- O T- CM C 



OOt— C>O)C35CO0O 



1- y- y- ■,- Ot- t- 



O ■■- r- ^ 



CO com CO CO CO CM CMCM CO CO CDco O) C) CO CO CO CO tt CO CO ^ m CO CO t^ CO coi-~ m m mm m CM 

y- T- T- T- O O T- 7-T- T- 1- O O O O 1- O O O 1- O r- T- T- O O O O OO 1- 1- ^1- T- O 



o _ 

II 

W £ 

<u i: 
h (D 

"I 

_0 (0. 



CO 



m 



o <0 
«J o 

ii 

"£ ^-^ 

O (D £ >< 

■dE ra£ 
>-=6 >-2 
■c I X F 

>>CM = 

OcM != I 

k. I (0 CM 
"D_ O - 
>,-:r (D <^ 

x: >'c I 
I § <o=- 

TTI g-c 
>• <» fe'> 

■° " o o 

>.JC 



'>,CTco ?$co 5 



gES 



— c >» F 

C cD^ig O 

>-e,i<iE 

O XJ ._c "J 
<D >,.,-3._ 



(O-F 
o t 



CO (D .^^ 

Ills 

|»«E 
E o ra.3 

E (D Q.O 



lc|,£i°2Ei^e 

9- J. (0 (D (D -F fc .£ o O 
J. >.o^^ fc (0-J5-F-F 



a>=6r 



T3 T3 >.CM 



= r.g:g-g5Eroi3 

= coSi i"_|oo 
3 "I o CD CO o >,o;£;£ 
IS3VcM-:5^^^.t- 



:E--SS 



— (DO 

^■ci I 



_ _ nJ (/) 

o D-.g g 

O (D £■ C =F <0 ?■ 

>■>■" I >.£ c<o 
zz 3 Q.t! ^ (D n> _L 
XI i3 o 0) ■5 £"5,^ 

i.*!-_g'YT3X3^-JJ (D :^ ^ 

£ £ € ? 2 2 >. E i ^-^ 



C ±3 

(D a> 



C (0 ■ 
OX3' 



(D (D "7 (D O — ( 

:s:^ms : 



■ I'I'eIIII'I'II 

55 cm425S22 



ra c: >, >, >,.2 >, >, I >,ii I '-' 

Q.^ SZ SZ .C >'.n .d (D .C (U (D (D 

S , , , 5 , , >- , >■>•>• 

a)|CMCMojTr^^Q)CMa)a>a) 
~2 cm" cm' CJ ■*' tt rf 5 cm"5 5 5 



XI SI , 



i=2; 



(D 

^ o ^ — ^ 

g Q.<e.o_; 3 

=5 0.2 SJ=613m-*.»-^0;j: 

_ _ _a)xi-5,ga,a)(|,(i)>,>, 
.c 0) >-0.E m'Jili'SJ-F. -F-F 




D-37 



Appendix D 



ooo o 

LO O O O _ _ _ 

CO o) 03 CO o o o o o o CO CO o o lo T- o Tj- o o r^ o o o en CD o o r^ lo Ti- 1- 



1-Cg •q- T- 



CO'>3-'-C01- CO»-LO'<t 



TtCOCvjT-CMOOCOt-TtC7)Tt ^ 
^CO(Dt-t— COCOC\JCOCT)CDi- h- 

cor-^oJCNjcoco^coco-^r^ cd 



O O O O O O IT) ooooooo 

U5 OOOOOt- * 

en V- o o oo o 



[^ r^ r^ cvj r^ r^ 



CM m OJ CM <NJ CVJ OJ CVJ CJ CM Cvj CNJ lO CJ CM CM 



CM CM CM CM C 



CM CM CM CM CVJ CM CM 



c to 
nj 0) ^ 

0) H-^ 

Eli 






>. I " C -Q O _ 

^CM r- O I CLO 

I ° 



co'c " 

£ ra E ra ra^ o_ 
a ,, JH."c ■£: en c (0 

"O oV^.'^. o m o 
>-^ o) m CM £ >, 0) 

■fc ° c^J- J. E o 3 
a ±1 ^ sz sz a a jz 

SSSJ-<oSScM 



■"IS 



0) 1- 

— c S ♦^ o 

">,>,0 Q-o 
<D (D 0} (D 



_^ to 

>.t: w 

3 ra 0) 

i=:9 E 






o la 



£E 

ee° 



o - c 
"i'E 

p"Ei 

orag: 

>. o 



, o 



o Q. 



° CO _ 

£ o E 



S>-oE 



9 >• 
m sz 

O 0) 




» 



-T3 Z 



7^ r- ^ irc 



■Q S 



. "^ <D „->. 

0) 0) o >•>, o 
(U 0) 



S-x X E o o 

0) <U ^ £ 






0) >« 

>.>.>.p 
5S5EE15 

0^0— 

_-_-_- J. r m 

O O O O o — 
C C C C c o 

c 

^ ^^ ^ ^ 

LJ. l_L .^ u._, Q. Q. Q. Q. Q.^ 

— >. >. oj >.2 >.>.>.>.>. 

-^ nJ nJ nJ (0 -^r nl (O nJ n5 nJ ^ 

T3T3 CT3 ><T3T)"DT3T3_: 
T3001-0O00000T3 

^55 s^s'sss^^- 



n) 

CO 

nj .? m c 

CO C M "c 

■I1-3 2 



^ .00000 



} ^ 0.0. a 0.0. 
- (fi t/> V) v> (/> tn 
= 000000 



— 9 >->.>.>.>.>. 
m—————— 

f- nJ CO nj (Q m CO 

! T3 T3 -a TJ t: T3 
■ 

i X >< >< XXX 



^E 

o 

1 o 



SI a. 
l-< 



OlTJOOinOOOOO oo ooooo 



ooor>-ooi^ooot^ooooocMcor^ocMO 



O T-O o 



Tt CD CD CM ■* CO 00 t ^ ^ C\J in en CO rf C35 '^^ CM IT) CO CO en OOOCOt- 
OOCM CO r>-OO<3)CDC0 (DCO CO(D (OCM CD CD rf CDCD CD T- CM t- CM 
1- 1- "^ »- ^ 1- ^- CM i-^»-OCO COCO »-LO CO T-i-T-i- 



(D CD CO CO CM O O O ^ CO CO LO LO CO ^ If) CD CO in m 1- CM 

r^ r^ CD CD CD CO CM T- CO r^ CM CM -^ T- m LO 00 en co co'^co 



^ TC CD CO »- CO 1- >- O) r- -r- 



O COCOt- 



cocoinr--cMcocOT-cMCMr^cMLniomiocnr-cDi^t^^ 



0O»-0i-O0»-»-t-Ot-t-t-t-, 



•oooo o ^ 



ii 

^5 o 



O: 



W CO C 3 CM 

.y o S 
"c T- O CO E »- 

<0-ci I S£ o J. 

o o O " £.0 >. 



"■a 

E0 
.3 c 

-0.0) 

o >, 

CO X 

. 0) 



co'STiJ 

5-xS 

XI— a 
o >• I 

>.0-i 



^E^ 



CCCIO^CO00 

I I I I £ I I -a t; 

CM CM CM CM >.LO i- 10 <0 

_L_LJLJ. ^ SS^^ 
>.>.>.>.o >.>.o O 
szsz^si^ ^ ^ 

0^00 .c .n^ ^^ J. 



<B ° ^O 

3>,?,g_rc^2 
2x o raoo^^ 

o -c E 1 2 2 2 £• 

0— MnCCCn 
I B 14 O.O.O.Q. 

.7 0-^ - I I I >, 
'y- C|eM»-CMCOj; 



.2 o 

0l;g_ 

C o^ (U 

CO M i: c 
*; (0^ — o 



.^ oJ-coioU-.'o.c.E ° 



r- lu vu r- r-'S ^S 0) ' 
Hi *= *= m fli I 11* I ^- *= *= *^ I 



^a-cocMcoS c 



I 



- CMCM -^r ^ Z 



SZ -i^ ><>•>< <o <o 

— 0O000c.y.2Q.<i' 

>-ll-'?-?-?-lllt-2- 
c c m ^ CO >.sz .c £ £■ 
CD 2 -c J. J. J. D.Q.Q.-5^- 

— .9-_ szszsz JL.C x: ■^ s 
I'l'l'lll^ll^^c^ 

^^^ I I I . I TT 

S2SCT*»- M- "^ "* CO 




°.C o C CO §:^ 



.0.0 0^ >.*;>,>,*; 

— ^ I *- I "r 1 



S CO 



I 000 I 0C0O.0O.00 



D-38 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



[^ CO O O) O) o o 



CD O CO I/) O O O 

O) O CO -^ T- O CO 
O) O CO CO Tj- -^ CD 



siiiisiiiiiiiiiiliiiiiiiipiiiiipii 



lno)or-a^^t-lna^c^JooolncDl0^oc^Jcopg^coco;3:^;0^cocococo«. 

|Tt-CO00C0COCO00COCO'<3-' 



» en o> ^ CO 1^ 



§Sg§§2fegggSSSS§^5S"^S5^^5"f255-oS;S;^S- 



CO CO O -sf 



mt^r-c^'-cMcoLO^imom'-cDto 



----^-~ ---^ggg S^^^^^SSS§SSSS§i=i2^g2^i!^&S^;:^S^:=^^^^SS 



<a '^^ 



II 

ii 

is 



Sera" ":5o5-a 

|l"i§s|.i 

S (0 §T3T3 >■ I C 

£ -S ^ « " 15 - - 
."■'"■a-a:= .^ 

m - -0)0)0 — "t; 

O u -5 *: 2= ™ 0> £ 
ro to (n aT3 I 

ir"^o><DO)a)rto-Q 

c § — "> 2 2 2 O)^ c 
OTioo>a)a)0)-=:^ <" 

O 0_ 0)D)0)0)2^ © 

0) »15 0) a> 0) o 2 "ti 
0), .4-;>>>>so>-c 

■d2"OTJTJT3T3X> 3° 

0)u<i>0)0>0)a>O'^£ 



:££» 
o°fe 

■o"o)0 
E^°S- 

t"°^2 

So c — 
S-o»c 

OjCOtiSS 
T3 CO 0)-OT3' 
"C Q> <B 0> Q) 
^ 3 3Eit 

^ *: ii-a'o 



CM.-ti w 

cm 0) 

<i> '^ S 
£ o i> 

Q.C (0 

o££ 

to <» CL 
" P (0 
0) '- c 

«_J- - 

_0)- I © o 

So- I - "s 



E 
©5 

c © 
c " 
_(5 o 



CO coo "-(O 



! © 



'^■a 

1-iT-^pl?- 



Esi£ © o^ 



_ „ c c 

CL^— O 
© © +; 

EEi 



c c c 
o o o 



© © ^ 

O) Dlrv. < 
C C o 
(0 (5X1 = 
l_ 1. © © 

OOCO 



£ " CO 

•= a © 



■"5 
o§ 

— 13 ly r- 
co c b 



ii=5 <i> 3 
CO >■§ o 

E © -S X -d 
« §:£ o © 

2 O O 3 (0 

!^^?" 

S^C^CM O 

"^ J- I -r. 



P^pS-© ©*-*^-Mt; *;*;*;*: 



c c c c 5 g c. 



o X X o o 



^ O O *' '^ o o 
ES5 52 



O O O-D T3"0"0 " 

c c c t: i: 1- i- 
o o o o o o o 
SS5255S: 



CO © © ©=5= ^ 
o o o 2-atl 

^~S1 ^ SZ. o « 03 



— o 

^■3 



«E 
5>E 



CQ © 
2 ©~© 

©■5-r>T, 



%'olh.lh. .2 



.1^ 0, E '■§22 
0=62 >'2 " « « 
^>-E§2c!5« 
o c ££ o >-2 2 
(om^oJra Eloto 

CO « ^« « _« ^w 

;,>.>.>.>.>.>.>•: 
E255SSS5: 



5 W"©' 



^E 
it 



Q^ 



■SB- 
|5< 



000U500 00 



CJTj-uf>COC3)f*^CDr*. 



0000 CO o 



oou?opoooooo f-oo 00 00 



CMin CD ^ 



cao o ouooi~~o cno ooin 

CMLO OT-a3COmOC3>OLOOC) 

r^co 1^; r^ i>^ CO CO 1- en o o T- CO 



000 00 T- O 



00 ooooui 00 



00 
t^co 



CO OOCN 



C4COCO O CM 



IV. r- h- 00 CO '- en o o T- CO ^-r--ri »g: £5" ft; s; p;j,5 cococoo>- enoo 
kr^-^r^CTcoenoCTj-co <oe2J2 m r2 cm o4 Soj c^JC^4CNU5e^J cdcm 



^grlS 5S CTco5wu)CTcNcT*r-rv. r-h~ ct 



~^5i~?i?:i^?! ?!25!Ji! ?i^ 5i-^^-^--^^^ ^^?i -?! J^?J - ^ ?i^ ?!---5:; ^^ 



CO—" 

©° 
o>© 
S>S 

<B.^2 

£?© 

w nj 13) 

eSoigxi: 



11 



CO ._ 



o :c :si3 

CO •♦' • 5)T3 



*;"a 
„co2S 

■D— CO © 
7^ O >.c 



• CO g2 >. 

■ « '^ "> © 

o-o CO ^ 

• 8 >-o£ 

• -^ ■-"„ i 

■ o-©2 

■ t- c 5 <» 

. o)>. c c 

■ O^ CO s 



S:{ot'S|22 = -D| 
u ra "m fl ifl o "0.0 

= T3 © "O TJ T3 -O "O T3 £ 
£©X©©©©©©-^ 

r.s ^ X .>< .is iJ .2$ .s 5 



:cE 

••o ni 

• -M (0 



2C © 

5- II o 
o o o 



E c^ <o 

(0 fc CO, — 

>-.3 "<-a"TiTi 
o g ^O © © © 



-T3 Etj © E.3£i5i5^ 
© © ni CO j£ . . 

C^iscOTSTJ-F '"'''''' 

>.■£ ■J;;3>.©©fc . . . 
^ £ J ffio-Kt! CO CO CO CO 



© © © 
S-S-S- • X X >< 



© © © 






© ^^ 1_ 

N 5' s © >• 

E .2 _ CO -S 
©-0-0 ©<£: 
lo "o *o "D "o 
3 © © © © 

CJX XXX 



zi -z Y, SI sz iz 



■ ii!Jm.S2^45-i5-S««^ooo 
■•aT3®^^2^2 — 000 
: o o « o o o eo" m O'ra ra co 

.<OCO->,COCOCOcOCO:=:=i_^^^ 

•>.>.x>.><><>-><°cn'"'"' 
"EE 2t;SJiCS-c-Co)<" <" <" 
© CO CO £ CO CO (0 CO (0 « .2 •= s .E c 

■ji><-M- j,».>4-M-»-X->f--<-J 

£ T3 Ti >.T3 ■OT3'D'0"aT3T3'a'0"D 
■g © ©■© ©©©©©©©©IBCB© 
m X X Q. X X X X X X X X X X X 

lii 555555555S5 



* 0) _co _« 

: o o o 

J-- o o o 

ra o o o 



a.a 

■OT3 



X © 

o^ 

Q, CO 

S3 
a.co 

T3-0 

c c 

CO CO 
T3TJ 
© © 



i_i_COi-i-COl.i-E 



coco"ca+^coto*jco(0 

CO ^ I- CO k. 



_ © CU ^ W U' 

E g c E .£ c I 

3 .3 I 

T3 ■□ 13 "O -O XJ 1 
O © © O © m I 
m X X m X X I 

is 5S 



o o ^ o © o 
o o g o c o 



^ ii • i^ j=: CO — 



£>• 
*.E£ 

CO o E 

EpE 

E.x2'S-^g 
CO era CO*- £ 
.'^ CO - - £ 

fl)T3 © © CO 

CO ■;; c "5 "5 ^ 
3S= CO 3 3^ 

00^00^. 



^o 



£.0^ 



2-OT3-0 
O © © © 
Q.X X X 

sis 



).2 © 
:xj X 



o o ~ o q ^ 
oo^oo« 

+- CO CO o " ■" I. 
CO >- >- O k- L. CO 

0) CO CO o CO CO © 
_ © © ^ © © c 
E c c E c .£ = 

3 ■■= — 3 -o 

TJ "O T3 "O "O "O © 
Q © © O ffl © X 

CO X X CO X x = 

5I 5se 



O <D 

1«£ 

CO © 

C^ ^ © CO 

^ "5 o 



J> ffl >-o 
£ O D>Q. 
T3-0 XtJ 
© © © © 
X X^ X 



D-39 



Appendix D 



ooooooo*-oooooooooooooooooooooocoooocoooocooooooooooooooooo 

OOOLOlOi— OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOLnOOOOOLOOOOOOOOO 
OOLOOJCDoOOOOLOOOOOOOCMOOOOOOOOOOOOOUOOOOUOOOOCOOi-OOOOOCOOOOOOOLOO 



CNJO>TfTftOCDh^CNJO)OT-r-OCDCvJCOT^a3-.-f^incOr-C\JCn-^C\JCOTj-LOr^OU^C\IOO-r-lX>L. 

u><DCDO)cocoi-cDi^a3a)0'^cocDr^r^uocotncor^cocoa3(X3i^r^<x>cocoa)a)r^ooooo-r--.-T-to 

OJCO h^r^r^CDCDCOT-COCOT-^Tj- ,_.,_.,_,^,_,_.^Cf5,-vjC\JCMOJC\JCNJOJ<NJ^^ 



OlOC\J<^':rLOOlOCvJCD^r^COO)C\l'— 
CO^— CO^— CMCMCNJOJCOCO 



CDCD*-*— -t— ir)CD(DCDCDCDLOinCOCOCDCDtDU>lOTtrfrtTtTtTtCOCOCOCOCOCOCO^COCOCOCOCOCOCOCOl/>lOCOincOCOCO 



OO^-t-^-t-OOOOOt-^OOOOO 



00OOO00-«-00OOOO00i-'>— Ot-OOOOOOOO'i- 



0) m 



©•I 



o o 

£«■§;-§; 

D)D) 

S c >. >. 

" " >_ ^ 

fc fc ao. 
o o o o 

<B 0) (U 0) 

Z22Z 



0:2 E 



U)-, 



sz c 

C >, D) 
Q.CLV1 

000 

O 0) 0) 



-a "15 
(0 c-o 

"O © 0) "3 -C 

-E E P ^ o I 
E .£ .E S -55 -a) 

•5 O O O J£^ 

■5 15 15 ro o o 
z z z k z z 



xOra 

O -C 

to a> o 

°£^ 

Q.-^ « J, ^ 
0) o >..E c^ 
.E .£ .E .9- 



«E 



a. in 

■ ■9 "5 "2 
o 'o "o 
nj (0 (Q 

000 
ro o o o 

</> SI ^Sl 

P a 0.0. 
3000 

:g.C .cc 



: --P =ri ?> -K 0) 



o o o o ra 
000^^. 

zzzzzi 



2 . *- <D (D 0) 

~ . c c c 
!2!2 — — — 

■rf'o'o >•>■>• 
~ (0 <o £ £ :5 

.0 oSa Y f I -1 

^. o o <n tn in -^ 

10 i; i: I I I p 
o o o o o o i; 



; 0) 



(0 



(0 2 



T3 Q) 



^■g -02-0:2 .2 






(D ra 2 Id 0) S .E o 
.E^zirfJCcfJU 

10 10 10X3 C^.DJD- 

oooomiioo 



-g ra 



10 - N o •- 'F 
> ,, O c <n-5,E 



ZZZZij'T^ZZi- 

Q.IO T- Q.Z C LO O t 



S^: A E a) c 

e£oo:9-£ 

■t; .t: ir ir "D 0) 
■ — ;g ^ o O 



3 O 
O 10 

^1 

o to 

05 

"■5 
=> S- 
o o 

c.<2 
m o 



■5>- 



Q.E^CNJlO~~ 



6£- 

.__ .JZ <D 

:£ Q o o o 9- m 
ii c c c c' a 

Q. © ID 0) Q) z O 

10 j:.e jc jz I t: 

O O O O O t: n 
^ "-5 ^ ^ ^ 2 - 



ZZZmZcoZ^aOQ. Q.^ T^ 



t ■* © 
© 12 
E2e 
o -t: o 



■0 


n 


« 





3 
C 


E 




V 


C£ 











^ 






1 






l-< 



0000 000 



0000000000 0000 00 



rOOO05t000tOCDC0L000OOT-O 



(D<?3r-~cj ^tOT- in (o CO 

<?5CO»-»- •i-r^'a- (D to o 



Tj- CO O 0> O 1- CO tD 10 ^— T- CD CD CO O 1^ CM CO CM ^ UO t^ ^— tj> C7) t- cg »- tD f^ r^ f-^ 
r~ "S- T- ^ CM Cvj T- CM Tf (D <D 03 rf lO CD 1^ CM f^ ^ C35 LO CO CO « tO CO O CO IT) Ul U>(0 



1-^^ T- T- CO 



CO CM 1— f- r^ CD CM UO T- CO CO T- CO to m LO 



<D CO CM *- 1- C>J CO 



0000 



CO CM CMCO CM CO t CM CM CM CM CO CM CM 



-O T- T- O ^ T- O ^0»-00 O Ot-^t- »-t-00 



J ir> CO coco CM CM O CM CO CM CM CM CM CM CM CM U> to to CM 



to 10 

01 0) 



o o 



© © 
-o -o 
3 3 



J, TO © © ©O 

:E ™^ © © ^ 

o -ji 10 10 tor^ 
to Q.4^ ^ ^ c. 
.c to .c x: x: to 

10 1 (0 10 to '*"' 
Z^ZZZ 



_-D-g 
too o 
. to 10 



©^ © _ 
E 10 10 ♦J to ^ 
-^££75£To 
^sisi in ^ in 

.c 10 10 y 10 S 



■5 ©S 

i_ c i_ 

© O Q) 

E3E 

_>> (0 _>. 
0—0 
o.g-a 
- © - 
"2-ca 
"o .9-0 
to -o to 



„^ UH^ 



©.2 

II 
£ o 

D.C 

10 o 

ZE 



.Ie 

■D 3 

« o 

. fA 

■D . 

10 o 
o ™ 
c o 

3£ 



i^g«, 



cnoi-<3- ^ 



„i2S?:j© 



© >. 

.Eo 

E?- 



^10 



Er 



: ©I © 10 © © t; 
© ■* © js © ^ 
to ^ 10 c -^ to © 

£-o£-g ra£^ 
S-raS-SzS-r 



S©©©© "op^ 

ID C C C C (/) _tO >>«4- 

X P P 3 3 I. >.^= ©-D I. 
■£<uSiio-S<"© 
t -o -o -D -D o. 2 .^— i? t; .c 
-00 00 S-5 9ro C-? o 
2 10 ra 10 10 g © "j^-Y © x" 

© mm'^olo 

•C'O'D-D-D-D-D-D-gg.C 
jj "D o O O O O O O O o © to 

■oojtoninJnjiotototo -o 

Era22222222co'£ 
= c c c c c c c c c F i: _ 
io©©©©©©©©©c+jo 

££££££££££-§'to£ 
aaaQ.ao.Q.Q.D.Q.22 Q. 

lOlOlOlOlOlOtOlOlOtOi 10 

zzzzzzzzzz ^z 



TI E 

■io.3 

^§ 

°E 



■E S^ 






10 



10 -D © O 

oo^f 

gM:g© 

llS-co- 
.Era c Q. « ^ c 

t^s^E-^-srco 
l^l^ipsio 

I I "^ I to " 10^ © 
T^ a Z Z Z — Z 



>.2 S 



OH- 

.fc to 



S E ra p 5^ £ 

•^ •- -c are 

o-o^=i 



■5 aro 

©~oo o S-< 
f* 2 c c c 



§ .E 10 10 p ~ © 

ly g 0) <u to .5- ^ 

>* ra "o -n I ^ -^ 

" I o o E -2 iL:g : 



O >->.>.>.>.>.>.c c la c 

|XXXXXXXlOlO™io 
a)000000000Q.X 



10l0t0t01010t0"O 

>oooooooo 
>©©©©©©©© 

:zzzzzzzz 



:^ © © © © 



000 

© © © 

zzz 



D-40 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



oooooo o oo oo oo oo oo oo o 
oooooo lo oo oo oo o o oo o o o 
ON-ootooo 1- oo<DO oo ocooo oo o 



ooo oo oo oo oo ooooo oo o o oo oo oo oo too oo 






lo r-- oo t^ »- t "S- cNun to oj uo (D CO ^a- 

- 1OJC0CD»-C0r>JOTC0 CVJ 

TJ- C5 7- ■"3- t^ 't CO CO T- 



lOr^I^tDCOCOCvjcOCD'-COCNJC^^CO 



intOCn -^ CO CO LO CvJ (D T- CD 1— -^ LO in CD CO ■»- IT) O CO 0> rf CO r^ 00 Tt CO CD -^ CD 

cdt-n- cdcD'^- ■-"- — ■ ■ -- 

■^ Ot- t- CO 



U5 lo in cvj cvj CM cj cvj m cj CO CO <N CM m comco 



^0) no w-s^ 

Tfe ^— <»_-_- 
"> <o o t; o o 



« E. 



■O 3 



2E 



B O o O 
fc i; a> 

S ^-c CO 

P CO la u 
■— +-" -^ o 



2i;!2.ioiJi3ccoo >>7; co _, 
OO) i-cococo^-^cjc9 "- 

„ xo o >,■>,■>,■>, g-g o o c c c — 

o I co^mcDOCBo >>'D nJ S S S'? 
ccMonooooScco — JSisraj. 

CO I ClJt<CBCl)CDmTl<!>*t>'>->->'>- 

<l)^COt-)cOCOCOCO-t'<DO<Da)CI>CDCD 
•04-»4-' 1 ^4-^*-0"a l"0'0"D"D'D 

co£Oc»ooooo(ocniOiocococo 
O Tiocic3>cici2.0200000 



CO c 
CO CD 

El 

:3 I 

Oi- 
Ul I 

=50 

? S a) 

5. .2 I 

oE^. 

o.E J 



S5? 



<!)■>, 

^9o 



coi T3 
E'SE 0) 

1 en I 2 
CO >."? (0 
J. " J^i X 

<" 2 >>m ™ 

■o -g-c ?; c 
ra X « Y ro 

' o I o ^ o 

OZO o 



o o 



t: >• 
gE 
Era 



x!iL-D 2t3 

cn_ c c o >.'^ 

CDCDa)000_0 . 

c c c c c c >.c en 
(OCOCOCOCOtOOCOQ) 
in f. f. -ii ti ti c. ^. c 



oSg 



1) s 

p 

^E 



E^ 

o E 

E-6£^cD 
0) E 4 ra o S 
« " _- S la g 



CO >< , 



a>,z£ iiJ . _ 

ra ^ -^ Q. ? c c c <D 2 
3 (0 >. O jL g-^ ^OCD^^^gE >,^ 

fl 1 L_ fl V fl I V V fl f^ f1 f^ f\ t-i I f1 



:i-CMco OcmO ( 



O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O CM o o o o 

oooooiooooooooooooLO or~oo 010 ocD 00 •<3-o __ _, _____ 

OlOOOT-TtOOOOlf)OOOOCOOCOOOt^OOt^CMO'<l-OOCDO i-CMOOOOOOCOO'3-'OC:20'3-C3)OOOlOOOOOO 



CMr^oooocM^coiocDioom'9-iocj>iocnoint--t^cD^cocvjc:5c:)coco 



■- O 
CSl 

o 

1 o 

■a a. 

CO -; 



h* r-- CO CO r^ r^ r^ r^ 1- r^ i-r-^— com^ 



LOcocococoiococococococDf^Lnr^ior^LncococococncDcoin'^cococo cococococ 



J CM 10 CO CO 0)lOr~r^ CM CDCDCDCDtTtI- CO 



1-OOOOt-OOOOOOO^Ot-Ot-Ot-t-OOOOi-t-^-^^ t-t-t-t-t-i-t-t-t-,-^t-^0i-0 0»-00 00»-^0 






cop 
CO c 



o-g 
« >. 



5 0) 

0) 0:5 00 >•„ 

c t 10 c c 5 o 

O I = CLD.S-3 

l_CD CO O O g o 

Q. I CO cn CO 52 +^ 

O O O O O O O 

I I I I I I I 

CM CO CO Q.'^ Z O 



ioEl 
So s"T <» 

E<kz£i2 



0)" .£ 2 



m £: 



CO CO o o 
(0 0*T "J 
SZcoS 



•C g c X 

■C O .2 O CD 5 
O ^ C CO Q.™ 

:e .9-0 •£>->- 

_>.~i« O ° Q 
OOO) >,— >,— 

c c c c ^ cP 



CD <D ID 

CO la (0 



T3T3TI 
C C C 



E^ 



■rj CD CD C O O iT 

CO la Q.ca la E X 

Q.IO Q.CO CO _ _ (D 
O -C^ <-: 



Tl O 

la >.cD 






ca CO CD CD .2 . ^ 
c c c c c c c 
0000000 
2ZZZ2ZZ 



ij; <- T3 73 T3 T3 
gra O Q CD 0) 

■^ <" jO ra « jO ^ 

5"^ X X X X CO 
£.20000 
S )=szs:s:s: <d 
rit la *- *- 4- *^ c 
__ cajacDCDOCD-p 

■oooooo'o-5 
■>,ccccccco 

C<D<U(DCDCD(D0S 

o.c.E.c.c.c.Ci: 2 

.| >»>»>»>.>.>. >N (D 

"r O O O O O O O '^ 



. o cd" i_ X o"c 2 
■5 Tj' -D TJ TJ TJ Q ."D (D ^ c . Q. 



cuoajcDOjoj^cD >'.c 5 m co' ra 
« ra ro ^ ra ro -^ ra id o)- *" >-S •- 

xxxxxxox a.2rZ a>o o 
oooooo^oc^ra— mR 



a)CD(DCDlDCDQ)£-^0 2 •£ O) 

'o'o'oo'o'o c n^^ cO>--£' 

CD(D<DCDCD0^^(DCD^CDCDCD 

j: x: .c .c ii .n ■q.q..c si a.-^ -^ cl 

_Q._D._Q. O.^ Q._ _ _Q. Q._ .9- Q- O _ . 
CCCCCCCCCCCCCQ-a 

ooooooooooooooo 



_>. 






CD 



o ra >• 



ra^cn >. 
- o 

0) c C Q. CD 

coo — S? o- 
_ 2 2 CD CD S" 

O O O ^ ^ ^ 

CO > > o o o 
o o o >.>.>. 
ZZZZZZ 



D-41 



Appendix D 



OO O O OCD oo o o oo o o o o oo oo oooooooooo 



O O LO o 
O CO o o 



ooooooooooo 



o ■»- O) CNj CD Tf 00 c\j r^ 1- 00 OS r^ 'S- m CD o ▼- 



COCOLOT-'r— COCOODCOCO 



COt-LOLOCOO)!— CDCDIOtJ- 

r^LOTj-r^cDoooor^co 



ooo oo o 



r^CNjCD cNj^o 



c>j in Tj- cj c\j T- CM <M lo m Lrt m to m CD CO coco corj- co cd m m to m rf cnj uo lo co comco com ocd coco cocd 



■ oo oo 



O^ T- Ot- 1-T- 1-1- ^,- 1- 



O^-OOi-OOOOOO 



- 2S- : :Ei 

° „ (0 o • .3-D 

8l|S : :8" 

>,£ ■□ o 2 ™ ■H <o 

luQ-ranixiotno 
?=; >. 

w O -s^ -5^ -^ -^ ^.^ I 



y.o >.>.>.>.>.5> 

(U <U 0} 0} 0) 0) .> 

OOOOOOOOOOOOO 



■D ™ 3 „- O 

goo p-^ Q 

if II 

nj n b 0) -^ c 

I I I I I '^ 

o o o o o o 

c c c c c c 

(Q (Q n] (Q (Q (Q 
D) O) D) D> D> D) 



0) o 



<^=" 



of. 

t-^ O 



E.C (Do 

OOO 



ra o 
I. " a? 

nil!- 

i_ i_ *= i_ ro-D — 
OO Oti O 



?5 2-o" 

TJ iL ra o o S i 
c <D o *; m -j; ! 

*i"-a-QEEJ 
■£,■- >-— ^ =5, 

o^-do'e"Ev^-7 

" "* "" O <D O 

XV. ^ 

O mO 



oj ni ^ 
to c o) 



.P o " 

<o c J? 

o ra E 

CO 

1* o c: 



0) (1> 



o <i> 
c en 



■g pi! 
a> to ra *" 



(0 C»i_ o «•= 

I O 0) "-' S ^ "^ F m 

oi cNi2^o.2-^En" 

^ Cj3jz>-(D=<l)a)C<0otcC<l> 

WfflED"^"-^-^^ >. >. a? c £ o o o 



0) a> M a> 



■D'D'D o o o 

X X X X X X 

OOOOOO 




I S o o I >< >< 5- 6l,><, Q.S S F F 



•5 0) 0) .-t: .1 

'"XXXXRrXXX'^l I Ox — XXXffl' 

O O O O Q.O O O -a-'z Z O O O O Q. c 



o o 

il 

— 0) 

o 

1 o 



l-< 



' ooo oooo 



oo OOOOOO oooooooooooooooooom 



>000 00»-T-0 IT^OO^ ^T- T-T-OIOOO OOOO OOjmO) OOOOOO) 000)0 Ol 



O^tOO(D^.C0O 



CvltDI^CncvUOlOCO 



(DOOt-»-^^^ 



J C\J CM OJ CVJ C\J CO^-UOUOLO 



CO r- o> CM m CO cvj cj cj cvj co cm cvi cm cm cm c 

»-000>-0^-T- T- i-0>-i- i-^'i-T 



JCMCMCMCMtO'^'^^Tt'rfrJ'mcMCVJCMCMCMmCMCMCMCMC^^-CMCM CMCMCMCMCMCMCMCM 



(0 (/> 



J- nj OT = 



0) 0} 

to to 



0.0. 
■DT3 



■5 (0 <0 
JO 0) (i> 

x™^ 

o >. >. 
.C X X 



<i> „> — "J S ra 

>-- £ 0) -B '^ 

■S O OJ c >,>, 

5S >-E ^ o 
ra o X § o P 



EE5- 

.1-3 § 
(0 X 5"^ ra "1? 
Ptdtj u>*^ ^ <d 

^ 0) Q) „, >. 5">, 

■i C C S X n .C 

J2 a>^ ra o ^ t= 

^'^^boss-io 



E >.^">,a(o 



m (0 (0 *i 

I - " 9-5' " 



I <oSo2oo>oo 

^O $> m a> Q.<D <0 

o en "5, E c .£= -^..c .c 

!>.">.>.>,">.>. 

■roPoooVoo 
cmO cOOO cOO 



0.00; ^.!2 go 
t x£ :^ O o m m 0)" <B t; (D 0) E 

^■<;-£>..~c<o(ororoE™™^'5 

<0 o 0) O <D (D <D Q^Q^ O. D. O Q. Q. Q. g 

eII^IIIIIIIIIII. 



Ji*;a>J>.c.n.coo>, >.£ >. >, >.3 
gig-g^-g^aaaaaaa-S 0.0.0.10 

2 I >.■>.■>.'>.">.■>.■>.>.■>.£'>.">.■>.■>, 

Et^ooooooooo^oooo 

£000000000 0000 



(0 
CO 

-c o E § 2 c 
= E (0 (0 ? o 

10 10 J3 O t <0 
<D <D <D (B <D (D "a" 

to (0 lo re ra to !2 
c c c c c c c 
o o o o o o 15 

3 3"5'5'5'5 <D 
ommmmmmc 

raEEEEEES 

= 3333330) 

>-ooooooro 

S'S'Sm'S'S'Sn 
:^ 0.0. 0.0. aa.!r- 

.2 o o o o a 

>, 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 
oOoooooE 

O I I I I I I m 



E« 



ra , 



o „ 

— ^ (0 T- C 

2 0) c „ , 

0) E " 



£E 

(0 <5 *^ 

§g» 
1.2 E 
o>>.3 

E c jr - o 

.g 00^ = 
o c c M ra 



o. 0.(0 . 
000. 
•g-g-D o 

<o to (0 .9 J 

0) (D QJ <D I 



;i:2 o 0) 

-11 

JT3T3 T3T3 



oSo)' 

ip 

§2 S 

c ^o 

O C I (0 
P £ ■- 3 

(oJ5 (dtj 

S^c o 
g X om 

^■^ SIX} 

■5 <" os 

1 - I (0 
;d;d,"o±= 



(0*^ 
«10ii 
g 0) (0 

3 E " 
=03 J> 

_ ^ .!5 o E 
.^ w E <i> i> <i> 10 

(D (0 .3 to to to £ 
X »^ -D :t :t *: 0) 
F o o 3 3 3 :- 
c: Q. CO CO (o (0 ■£: 



(0 (0 (0 (0 

o g o g 

i?!^!s^!2 

bbbbbbooooooooo 



0000000 



(0 (0 (0 to 

9 9 9 9 

o^ a)'_Q> 

0000 



(0 to <0 
9 9 9? 

m Q) jm to 
000 



nj fl] (Q nf nJ (0 nj 
0000000 

0) 0) 0) 0) (D Q) 0) 

ooooobo 



D-42 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, li 



tOOOOLOOOOOOOOOOOOOCOOOOOCOOOOOOOOCOOO 
_ _ _ _ _ _ iOO0O'«;J-OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO':rOOOO00OOO0 

OO OOt-OOO'f-CO'^OOLOOOOOO 00>00000)0000r^0000000i-00^^050000000r-*00 



(DCD LOOOCOCOOOOCDCDOOi-inLOTth- 
CNJCM-i-CNJTtTTCNJCNJ'^CMC 



U005 CDf^r^-O'^^T-i^cncococoaa^a-r^cMO 



)<Dr^c4uococnO'»— r^c\icotDc\jooo>T-coTj-aDcoLOir)<NiLnc7)<>j^-r-cococoo) 
-cocDcocvjtDtDr^r^cMr^r^cooioioocDLoaDcocMojoo oiocoLooocn 



com r^cocoTj-LoioLncoLncDcococococococj c^Jc^cDr^^^coLnr^^^^^^^c^J^*.r^cocococD05co<^JC^Jc^Jc^Jl^c^cnoococoT)-c^Jc^o>c^ 

O*— OOOi— T— 1— ^— Ot— OOOOt— 1— Oi— 1— OOOOOt— OOOOi— OOOOOOOOt— 1— t-t-t-OOOOOt-t-OOO 



0) >< 

o -S o o 
o !5 o 

C S O Q. 



o >. 



C 0) ■& 

jy Q.© 



o >. 0) St 

■ti -ti n i" (1) 



li 






T3T3 £ 



o o o . . 



X X X o o « 



.3 i_ 



(0 ■=- 



is 2 2 2 " 

c c c p ?> H c • 

m ni r* ^ *- S* « 



ID J3 

«E 
•S.3 
0> 0} o c 

P nj 



i- c c >.3 = 



0) 0) 



« o o^ c 



(Li; Q.C cr 

. I I 0) d) O) 0) vi/ 
O O 0.0.0.0.0. 0. 



ga'V'V'Y»"PP 

>-<l>T.r.':.-T;Ni> a> 



ra 5 « 
<2 » Pi: 
E c o5 ?J 

■ 00"= 



^ ° .1 2 to - "" S 



nj CO >.ja ii i2 .2 >, >, 

JZ JZ.C 

.C.C ^ SI sz s: sz © © 



(Oi! 
.2 >, 



T3T3C 
<D Q_g) 

« ro~ 

m o) 5 
o o^- 

C C 1- 
<" <" (!) 
_T3T3-0'O 0) 
TJ Q) 0) <D >-.n 

(1) 4^ +- 4- .C .- ■ 



^0. 
O CO 

Izi 
« . . 

•-■"11 
^ 2 o m 

S222 



(0 

E 
:3S 



a.Q.c>ja.Q.Q.a.cMr- 



o o 



__ (D+J+-4-.C+J 

<o n fl) <D 0) o .2;^: 



ni qh-h- o 



E.E 
2-0-0 2 



5-c - -=^t;t; 



o= O O) 
k S c c 

<D fl) C 

c c^ c 

Q}fl}Q_0a)G}O>ooa>fl)a}a}0a} 



o to <o ^ 



Qua).! 



ooooooooo 



szsz \ sz. 
a.0. 0.0.1 



c c c c 

<U 0) 0> 0) 

szs: s: jz 



c c c c 
(U o 0) <i> 

.C J3 JC JZ 



.Q.D.Q.Q.Q.O.Q.Q.Q. 



OOOOO OO O O OO OO OO O O O O O O OO OO OO O O O O OO O O OO O O O O O O O O O O O O O ^- CO o o 

mooo)0 O O O O O O OO m CD o o o to O O OO O O O O O O OO O O O O O O O O O O O O OOOOOOOOOOO 

C0Ot-000> O O O O -'^cn OO CJCNJ O O loco O C35 OO OJ LO OCO O O OO O CO O O O O O ^ O O CO o or^ooooooooo 

CON.C3)C\iCJ en CO O CVJ UO T- IT) Tt Tj- ^ ▼- CO CD f— O CJ) CD 1- O ^- CD r^ ■*— CvJ C3) ^ CO in C:) T- in CD C3) to CO ■*— to -^ f— O to CNJ CO CO to CD CD r^ CO 

CDCDtJ-CDCD r^ CD C;) O C3) -^ CO 00 go CX) CO CO r^ CVJ t- O t- •'^f CO O CD ^ CJ CVJ cm r^ (>J t^ CvJ O) t- CO CVJ *- CO CO ^ " ^' ' ' ' ' 



CO t^T- 



^T-coco^ior~-»-coto 



O h* CM »- r^ »- ▼- r^ CM lO CM O CO 00 CO -^ '^ 



CMCMCDTfrs.mCMCMCMCMCMCMmeOCMCM'tCjmi-CMCDCDCDCDCDCDCOeOUJCM^tOCMlOlOCMm 
~ - — T-T-^T-OOOOO OOT-i-i-i-»-i-i-i-r-i- 



cE 
::: o 
ex: 
o o 



■Q a 

IB ■;; 



:FE 



"Ei 



w ui m ^ 






3£ CD o 



_-o St? 



O Q) I 

"oO 



OO 

M I I 

roo 



EEE 



t£ pppjE g£ c a 



EiEl 

CO (0 



©i2(0C/>C0C0(0CA 

Eo.E.E 
>._5z5: 
0;§ ra (0 

5 cow W "1 






10 (0 

10 CO 

0.0.0.0.0.0. 



.0.0.0. 0.0.1 



S Sn 
o c " 

'^Ie 

CD:^ 3 

o S o 

>. 0) 

■_^"^« 
- !xzs^ 

— _- CD 

E-a °o « 
£^3 eg 
22§S't5 

n] nj 0) 0) 0) 
Q-Q-Q-Q-Q- 



II g<0^ 
.2 3 CO o 
1o.2fe2 

E2«a; 



CO CO (0 CO 
o o o o 
"c 'c 'c 'c S> 



<u 
■a — 

CO CU 
D) (0 

£ " n, - 
11 is 

E^D X ^ 
— O CD E 



c^ E E ., .. - 
£ .3 .5 2 0) >. 



a:s 



2 iB»5„Sg|E£ 
c5"™pcoSo~5E« 
Sfcloc5525s*:<SS 

«t;iiSt;a3t;xS:§l 

o o '^ 'c "c c c i: c ;: m - CD CD 

oo>oaEk£££££:E£5-5,>^i 
ccccc2^^£•£■£•e■£•e-£•£ -£■! 

= = i===.00(DCDCUCD(D(UCDCUCU^©C: 

o o o o o '^ ^'^ '^ *^ *^ '^ *^ *^ '^ *^ ^'^ - E '^ 
"c c c c ■£ c c c c c c c c c c c Z ■£ c 

CDCDCUCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCD -CD 
0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.2 o. 



CD 

_ c 
o o 

CD CD 

m (0 cfl'o 

CO C C CO 

«i CD CD *; 
FO.Q.5 



C ID CD C 

o .£ .E CD - 

C O O C 0) 

CO O O CD CD 



CD CD .t^ .1^ ID 4^ 
fO-Q. E CD. C 



Ci-CM»-CO0.Q.C 



D-43 



Appendix D 



O OO OO O OOO OOO O OOO O O O O OOCOO O O O O O O OOOO OOOJOO o o o o o o o o oo o ooo 

o ooo o o o oir> oo o o o o oo CO o o o o in o CO o o m o lo o o o o ouocnoo o o o o o o o o o o o o o o 
CO o ^ o lo o in o o o o o o o o o o CD Lo o o CM CO o o c\j o CNj CO 1- CO CD o o) o c:^ lO o o o o o o ■^ O O O O O O CO CO o 



T- CO CNj r^ r^ to m CD C3> o M- o 1- CO Tt CO CO ^ CO CO C7) C3) CD r^ ^ c7) ^ CM -"a- CO CO CO 1- Tj- cd m t- cd co tj- c7) co cd co to oo ▼- cm t- cvj co co en 

■ jcocococococot^co-a-'ar^r-cor^cooo-a-cO'T-cMCMT-co cooc^ ' - " 

^-cococococo 1- CO CO CO CO r~ 1- T- CO 1- 1- -^ -a- ^ T- cmc\ 



CO CO m m in 

CM O CO CO T- CO CO CO CO CO CO 



in CO in CO CO Tj- CO CO CO CO in CO CO CO CO CO r^ en CD <D r^ r^ CO ^ OJ c:5 CD CO in r^ CD CD in CO ■^cocO'-cm ^ co tt co i- in co i- go co co co co co 
^- O »- O O ^- ^- t- O T-T- O O O O O O T- O O O O O T- T- O O O T- o O O T- T- »- T- 1- T— T- T- 1— ^ o ^ ■»- o ^- o o o o o o 



O O) 



jg-cc 
*? ra m 



: ra 

•< 0) 



£ « V .2 .5! 
E fc I , 

— ° ° P P 
O m -o .E .t 
>■ - ><i=-i=^ 
D) (D -C >» >. 
■5,c I c c 



P-C. 



S Q.i-04Cm' 



y §iS 
2ocg 
tu <o 9 o 

•K O t 10 
0.(0 (0 o 

o o o 

OJ 3 3 3 

E O CJ o 

1 o o o 

c c c c 

0) (U <U (D 
0.0.0.0. 



(D 

c 
E 

rt >■ 



:|E 

X c 

■ ° £ 



Sc a'2 



" ra gl 

E^T3~ 



(DO 

5o 

(0 "O 






■OS 



^■^2eo>§-5. 
(B(i>(i)'5n!.£'0>< 

C C C -g c -D = O 






.9 (0 O O O -C 



E E E " ■- 

o o o >.>.>. >■ 



o JZ 



raroraoooifni: 
a a a t 



2« (0 I 

.£ >,.CCM 



T3 I 

■c O'S- 
1=5 CM- 

O07 
>. - 0) 



.3-P to 
So 0)O:g 

CO o <" 
c c 0) cc e 
■5 o £ 2 "^ S 



« (D O o " 
C C_^ (0 

'o'o nj a-n 
>->• .«o 

Dioi en ° « 

E E-g-c o_ 
2 2 o c i: — 



00 T> ■ 

cc ,0 o o cn 



o O 
■(0 "S 
mm" 

sS 

S'E 

CD 
■Oil 
O O 
10 o- 



— I yj UJ UJ . . 

"'-.c.c.c Q.^^ 

a) J. a a_a_!. _i__l__ 

c >->.>.>.>'>.>>'r >=■ ^ >,>.>.>, -5;' >,0"C X i^'oo coatcomooo.>o 
PJ^cccCcc S-5-5- ccccJ2ciijf_ci!i:a).cm=300ii.c.c-t'.c „, _ 
>,5J<u(D<D9>a)(u>.>.>.(U<i)a)(D>.m>.>.>.ii>>.>.D)ao^^.caa a=5 a o ra 
c^.c.c.C;E.c.ccccx:x:.cx:c.cccc.ccccncn.CoQ.O.cococo-acoi:^ 

<D0-0.0.0.0.Q.Q.(UCDa)Q.Q.Q.Q.<DQ.<D<Ba)Q.Q>OOOQum ' O O O m O O i: 

.ci I I I I I ii:.E.Ci I I |j:i.cj:i:i.c.c.c.ci""ii.c.n.£:'".c.ni: 
0.Z o aoZ T-COQ.Q. 0. COCO ■^T-CLin Q- Q- Q.-.-Q- Q. Q. Q. CM Z Z 0. Q. 0. 0.0.0. 



^ .C o,^ :^ 



=1 

m (0 
<u d) 



c c c « 
10 (0 (03 
o o o E 



' 6 — 
: o (B.-g 



:2 o 



Q-c ">. 
a ^ — — 
o 2 >■« 

-pE 30. 

I. (0 <o — 



10 



(0 CD "5 



° ° 5J &• 



rara-2-2 






V o 

il 

::: « 
c£ 

o 

1 o 






00 O CM O O O O O O COr^ 00 o o o 

coo 0000 ---- ___ 

en oj o 03 o o 

ino) r^ojcocd cor^cocncnOTOTi^Tj-Tr 

CM 0> CD O) o> O) 

i-CXJ -^ Osl-^CNJ 



u> CO Tf CO TT CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 10 r^ r*. 

^O ^0*-0 OOOOOOO'-OO 



ooooooooinoooo oooooooooooooooo mooo 

OLOOOOOOlOLOOOOO mOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO CNJOOUO 

Or^OOLOOOOOOCOOO COOCDOOCDCMOOOOOOOOO O-r-lOCO 

u:>C7>COCn<J)LnCDCDCDCOCT)COCI> COf-CMCMr^O-f-UOOOTT-lOOT-OJCM CVjr^f-CM 

CNjc7)cvj^^r^r^r^r^ocMCDT-r^-.-i-i-r^ojcvj'^CNj^cMCD'«d-'<:r'^c * *"* 



^ CM'd- lOLO 



COCO^ 1— CO COCOCO COCOCOCOCO 1— CO 



CO cococococDh-.h«.r^r^comTi-Tr i^cococor^tococDcocococ^jcDcococo cor*>u>co 
1- oooooooooo^-i-^- ooooot-oooooooooo 00^-0 



EoS 
£^ E 

OtJ o 
(0 >. m 

"-r,""S-rr 

.^ (0 ir r^ CO 

10 ,, 3 C ,, 
c iJ en ^r .2 

o c I o c 

Sz OCM I O 

m 3o 2 

O O (D^ O 

c ccg- c 

CD CDO.!±.<I) 

.c jz I x: 
Q-d.-.- Q. 






. E^ E 
: " *^ = 



i!>1o 



oE-EEo-o-o*;-c >>■« CD — 5"-S 

" "^ c«-"^ "^ -^'^ ^ i -■ 8 •§ - § ^ - 
|.o.2|.g.gll^ioS&^|S.|^ 

SlCC^CC <D.QX1J3 CD CU.C >-!= CLrC 01 

3S-^-s-^sm||i;g:2Ef-| 
_-_-_-S_-_- ^8 8 8 8 8 S'g^ &g"« 

ooOmOOO(D(Da)a)CDOi:CM75o-rj 
c c c£ c c ci:i:.c.cj: cqI'^c £ 

a)(D(DQ^CDCD(DQ.D.D.Q-Q.lD — £i. o <" ffl 
0.0.0. 0. 0. a. CO CO CO CM CM D- CO 0. 



S (B 

ac: CD (D 
8822 



,-c-Coo g-o o .2 
.g.g 10 ioS.n.n (u o 



XI E "> 



xE-' 
c 5 



5 J2 S 2 



tn i^ i^ >->.>. >,.c - " 

CCCCCCCf 
CD CD CD CD QJ CD 

..cj:.c.ci:.cj:.' .CCC 



C >-3 



„,2 0) o 

og-EE 

CM O ffl^J 
I -C (0 10 

c ac p 

3 OX! J3 
.a CD (D 0) 

^■° <= <= 

CO o 0) Q> 



) » o ■>. ^ 



- JZ CD >. 

-qIx: c 

- —0. CD 



>-6 c c 



EQ-Q.Q.Q.Q-CLa-^Q.Q.0. 3 ■* cm 0. 



4-£ee 



„ m 2 u i! o> 
(d!!:ido)*-oio-c 

iiiillit 

10 .- ra 10 -Q -c ♦' 

TI m T) TD CD m (B 
0) g CD CD .C C C ^ 

CD— cDa)jrj:.c£ 
■^ ^-^-^ a a a m 
c gcci).2 a>_ 
s^fr ^^ c c c a 

Q.H-Q.Q.(D1DCD(D 

I i I I jzjcjzx: 
o c a ao. 0.0.0. 



Ea,. 
€™.c 



■5! S>,.E 



^.c>-5' 
Q- 1;; oi>- 



T "> — 
-III 



D-44 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



0'r-OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOr-.000<DOOOOT-000(Or~OtOOOCOOOCJO)OTrm»-0000000->3-0 



o<NJOoooooooooooooooir>ooocDooooo^cvjO'^"3'ir>Lnt--tDoor-ooO' 

OOOOOOOOT-CJCO^OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOf-COCOOaDCOlOlOaaCOCDr^CMOJCvJCMC 



J'^OOOOOOOOOCO 
■ 'iOOOOOOOOO^ 



050co^ioc\j^iOLOinmior^cOT-cvjcOTrr^a3050Lr)'^io*-aD05uocnoiomoomoooTj-'^'^':j-^Tj-ocor^cx30^0T-c«jCNjcn 
co^^^'^inu>u^ioU5U7LOU5ioCDCOtDCDCDCOor^';tr^r^T-r^r^^r^a3Tr-*t<x>oO'^aDa3a3cocoaDcoaDcor^cocooocoa)0>a)0)0) 



E oj <u . 

• i .3 c Di § .3 .3 O-P- S 



•Q.Q. 



T— OJCOM'T-CVJ*— €M T— T— T— 
...... r. ...... . . ■r-CMC»JCO to r^ 00 05 C3) CO O OCM C3) „ t U5 

r«.T-ojc*3T-oo-r-ooooooeoooo>a)CM<>Jcocor^r^oco,rt'~'~^°oo-»-(>JCNj^^cDcor^r^coo)oooriojTr 

^CJC>JCVICTCO'*^'a-'*'a-M''3-'^tOU5intOir)U1COlDjg03COCOcnT-T-T-T--i-T-i-T-T-T-»-T-OJOJC\lJ|]CNOJ 
T3TJT3T3T3T3T3"DT3'0^'aT3TJ'OT3"DT3T3T3"DTJTi'0"CIT3T3T>"0'a'OT>"a"a"DT3T3T3T3T3T3"DTl'0'0 

<D(D0(U(D(u<i>a><ua>a)<i>Q>(D<i)(i>(i><D(i)Q>a><D^0a>a)(i)(i><i)a)(i>(i>(U(ua>(i)a)O}(U(U<D(Um(uo> 
(rccECirirccccECECcctEirccccccccirirtriroca: "crccarccDCtrtrirircrccircciririrccira: SJcco: 



E 




_^ 






_« 




— . . 
















'o 


o 


> 


< 


<r 


> 


<<r 


> . 


nj 


ra 


O) 


> 


1- 


CD 


^H 


O) • 




to' 


*i 


Q.Q. 


^ 


Q-Ql 


■d . 


^" 










-a> 




c 


^— 


^— 


T— 


CO COCO'* 1- 




o 


+j 


4_, 


4_, 


.,_, 


+J *-> 


+j +.< 




■^ 


U) 


o 


(1) 


(U 


<u a> 


0) o 




■D 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o o 


o o 


cc 




>>>>>>>> 



ccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc 
<uoo<U(D(U(U(U(UO}<D<Da)<D<UQ}(u<DQa><ucDC)Q)<i}(D(i)c>ii}(i}0a)0c>00(i><i)0O>(i)a>(i}0a)a>a)0(D0(U(Da)a)(D 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE 

SQlalQl£Q_b_b_b_Q_Q.b_b_Q.b_Q_Q.bLb-Q,Q_i£b_b_b_b.b_ix(ri:Li^ 



o o o ocooooor^ooooo O O O O OOO^-CVIOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCOOOOOOOOOO 

O O O OOOOOOOOOOOO y- OJ CO y- CMOOCDCDOOOOOOOOOCDOOOOOOOOcOr^TrOOOOOOOOO 

O O O OOi-OOOOOOOOO O O O O OOOOOOOOOOOOOOCMOOOOOOOOt-OJOOOOOOOOOO 

oJ CD h^ COO)0>^-<OC>JcOTj-0>OCVJf- CO CO CO -^ ■^COoJoO'erOU^COOTOCJCO'^J-'^lOOJO'*— C0'^inCDL0t0CD0)C0O0)O'»-i-<Dh-» 

in m in U>LOtOCDCOCD^^CJ)OOi- ■*- ■•- t- t- r-'l-•f-C^JC^JC^i'^C^JC^JC^JCOCOCOCOCOCO•*-C^JC^JC^JC^IC^JOC^JC^JC^JC^JT3-COT3-LOCOlOCOCO 
COCOCOCOCOCOCO-r-COi— *- i-i-i-i-i-i-T-T-T-i-f-T-^-i-i-i-T-T-i-T— T-t-T- CM 

CO CO CO cocococomcomiommioto ir> lo u> lo iniou^u7ioinioLnioininioioiOLoiou>inir)LOir)iniou>LOu>Loinioinu5ir5U)tr>io 

OO O OOOOi-OOOOOOO o o o o ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 



^E 

•^ o 

o 

1 o 



l-< 



. Q. X — 
S I I o 



E E 
o o 



E I ^ 

^ SCQ.?- 



o = = == o-^ 



(D (D ±; nJ 
c c c >, o 

o o c o E 

U 0= O (0 

o - Q-b- giE h 

Q.CM CO TtcoCLeoQ- 



«— „-< _ 

-<<<2 *■ 
^ <i> Q. a. Q^— — 
If^S - - -i-"in 
— -o o o ca (0 (D ffi 

«jg 3 3 3 3 _3 
|OcQjQQQCQCQQQ CO 



E ° ° £ £ 



E E 
o o 



:-E< 
5q. 



O 0) (D 

00 m cQ 



-CMCDUJ ii 
<D 0) ® 0) 



c c c 

> (U (U 
O <D 0) 



0<p S'-' 



juj^-i-^-i-crq-Ti-Os 



0) o 



C C C C r- 0)D)D)0)D)D»01D1D)D> rn-w- OJ CO ^ U><D i- r- 
(l)<Da)(Bn!<0<OnJnJia(Ora(8nlnSi5"aT3"D"DT3"OT3TJ 

]z.iliLil^iZ.i-i-i-^>-i-i->-i-S.<ooaioai<DO(D 
a (3(3(3 oiO OOOOOOOOOocctrcECCcctrcccc 



nJcccccc c c c c ccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc 
,«(D(u<uo>a><D CD (u (u <u (i>Q}a)(Da)a>(i>a><U(U0Q<i>(i>0a>Q>(i)(U<u<i}(U<u<i>Q>a)a>o>a>a>(u<UQ>o><u 

€eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee 

Q.a.a.Q.CLa.cL o. h. o. b. Q.(i.b.Q.Q.b.Q.b.b.Q.Q.Q.QLQ.a.Eb.bwQ.Q.b.b.Q.Q.Q.h.Q.b.Q.b.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q. 



D-45 



Appendix D 



CD O 



to o o o o o 



Tj- ^ ^ LO ^ T3- 



Tf TfTf in Tt Tt 



ooooooooooo oooo 

oooooooooLOo oooo 

O O O O O O O to CNJ O O O O Tf o 

lOTj-co'i^tocD'^r^cocDr^ cor^coco 

CVJ CO -I- O) CO CO Tt f- 1- 1- 03 00 CO T- 

^ Tf CO Tj- -^ 1- Tf r^ -^^ 



oooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 

OOOOOCNJOOOOt— OOOOOU0OOC0ir)lOOOO00OC7)OO 

cooooooooocNjojoooo^oo^r^or^cooooocMco^ 



CO^OmCDOCOO)050)C7)r-COO)OCMOCNJ^CNJCMCvJOJO)»-»-CMTt^^ 
^— '— T- »-COCOCsJCDCNJ^— ■»— 1— COCOh-CDCOi— COCD^— (OCDCOcOCOLncOCOCO 



■^^OtJ-^^IOCNJOCMtJ- -^^CVJCO OOCOOCMOOCOrfCOOJCMOTj-Tj-^CvJOOOOOJCvJOOCvJCVJCOUOLOi— CMCVJCNJ 
•'-■^■r-T-f-f--r-y-y-y~T- i— i— t- O i^ ■»— O i— O O O i— O ■•—■»-•»- t— ^— t— t- O O '— i— O i— ^- O ▼-»—»— t- t- t- 



-I" 

O >-(0 

= s>- 
-8e 

(D ^ S- 



0> I 
C 0) 

(1) 



r-?>£ 









o t; >• 



-,PP 3 



- '^ a iJ "0 « 8 
ESS " o oo 
rj IB ra.2.9"-= = ^ 

>,>,■>,>.•>,£:• ^-o 

ooooonns 

CQ (Q (Q (Q n] ■ — ■■ — ••*— 
>.>.>.^ >->.>. - 

o o o o o o o'^ 

0-0-0.0.0.0.0. 



O TO 
^ N 3 

it? 

°-o „ 
TJ-n — 

S >-5 



E-i 

X S 



£ 5 .9! ^ JJ >• "^x 

JO O < C C C o 0) o 

ra >->->->.>.Y>.-io 

" >■>•>•>• >->.^>. 

oooooooo 
Q-0-Q-Q.O.O.O.Q. 



nl (0 
o o 
o o 

» CO 

o o 
^^ 

0) Q. Ql 

ai c c 

O ffi 0) 

o>oo 

£ a o 

til 

o o o 

0.0.0. 



9- h m t « o 

= 5 <D . <D <D (D 

<n J! SJ o "ci ?.T3 -D =D c ^ .2 i) o 
g.£.e~to^(Oiora(i)>,>, >,^ 

O) E E <0 3 o 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 (0 
10 (0 10 XI ^ tr J3 JD .Q .Q Xi ja jQ o 

E >•>->->- 0) >■>■>■>■>•>->■>• 

Q-OlD-O. 



>. QJ 

o >. 
ro — , 

c 

0)0) — 

(0 ac 
>.>.2 



£ 0, 

<o .E c 

■C tn t ,„ 

■p <D (0 <2 

Q. ■- ■£ i S 15 z 

a) o> (0 o o — 

*- -^ i: P U O S 



_ X 

.2 o 



Ei- 

C I 

Ssi-io 
■>,o.g CO 

^■eoxraE-aS 

(OtO^0T3T3(l>w 
O O O -D — — — 0) 



■D-D 
0) 

<0^ 
(0 o 

3 0) 



0x: 



O (D 



o o m 

3 3 — 

C CT3 

O O <D 

O O X 

o o-^ 
o o t 

• x: (0 o o o 



- M Q a, m 

>* 0) « </> « 

3 ^ 9> 0) 

■ J3 T3 T3 T3 13 



c E to "-J" 
(1) c ^ c -^ 



i^ c ^ >->■>■ J 

Q) fl) D)D)010>D>DJ 

iac<i>a)(U(u<i><i> 

^ i_ i_ l_ l_ >< ^ 0) O ffi 0) 0) 

<D(Da)(Da>o>.>.>.>.>,>,>. 
(i)a>0(Uoa}(D(i)<ua}0a)(D 

_>»_>._>. _>^ _>._>* _>N _>, ^ _>* >^ _>. _>. 

ooooooooooooo 
O.O.D.O.O.Q-Q-0-O.Q.O.O.Q. 



TJ 


(0 


4) 


<> 


3 
C 


F 




0) 


C£ 


o 


o 


O 


— 



■go. 
l-< 



OOCnOOOOOOOOCJOLOOOOf^cOOOTCMOOOO O O O OOOUOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 



<ji<yi <j><ji 






m T-OJ ,- ^ 



lomiomLototoiotoioioioioioiommiotOLOLOioioioiOLf) lo lo lo minuotOLoiocDCDCDCDCococor^cvjco^— '— t— f— tococooDr^Tj- 



ooooooooooooooooooooooo 



■OOOOOOOOOOOOOO^t-t-OOt- 



OJOJCT O'-t^C0T-^T-'r-Tj-(D(Dt»~t^C0a)05-.--r- 



li 

oo>a}a)a)Q>a>(D(i)(i>a)a>(Da}(D(ua}<D<i)'m 
~ > >. 



V.V.V,^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 

000000000^00000^00000 

.2 .2 .2 o"q>"0'0"0'q>'q3"0'0'0'0"0"0'0'0'0'0'0 



•a 4= 









re 





o 



ccccccccccccccccccccccc ^, . 
<i>a>(i)(D(U(i}<i}(i>a)a}(D(D<D(U(D(Da)a>a}(i}(i}(i}0^' 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEil 

D)0)0)D)010)0)0)01D10>0>D)0)0)D>D)D)D)0)D)D)D)C I 
Q.LQ.Q.CLCLa.Q.Q.(XQ.b.Q.O.Q-Q-Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.EQ.Q.C 




C C C 





03 O 10 >,c 
© « 5 t: « g- 
c . ._-_-_- 
c g go 00 

0. 
I c c c c c 
SQ.Q.Q.Q-Q. 



o-o:c 

£ >-o 

"5 (0 ' 



0CO 



oo 

>co ■ 

Ifl 

a.^o 



>-xx>»= 

£ >.3 

X> si^ in — 

c J. 

O N fj M M N := C iJ ■" 
(0<0<0(0(OIOSO ^.2 

000000000O 
0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.^ 
0-0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0. 



o^' 



! O C 

10 ra^ 

-n -^ 



.E C» 



I.C t <02 CO *- (0 



° 



J *j ^^ o 

i o o>, 

:-c.c.i.> 

J o o ra - 



*. >4- V- M-_ o 



5: o ni E 

c <o >->, 
_io jOS-Q 
0-0.0.0. 



D-46 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



oooooooo oooooooooooo 
ca-ooooooooino 



OOCDOO O Or~OO(D03 



T- in CO «t eg >- in CO <d o »- co (D co 1 1-~ »- co cj t- 



t^ 03 1^ O) ir> T- ^ < 

U5 T- CT ^ Tl- 'J- O 



■«t tj- CO CO T3- ^ T- 



TtcomcvjcD •5)- ■"tmiD'^cjm 



1-CM000000000U50 

or^ooLoooinooouao 
tWr-^intD^cvjmmcocJcvjiocd 

OC7>COCOCOC7)COCOC7>COCOCDOO 
T- OJ T- CO COi-T-Tl-T- 



CJ CM (D lO CM CM CO l/> in C35 CO Tf CO 00 ■rr to U5 CM U5 CM CM CM CM 

1- T- O f- T- T- »- T- T- OO -r-O O 1- T- ^,- ,- ^^^^ 



0) o 



CO o 

a o 



nj S^ < — ^ — 

"O := -TT (0 C S- 

o -^ O) e ° u o ^= ?• 2 -c n 
^ -S S m ^ « ™ o >•£ 2 S i> 

i^oi.g£'£-cE£EcS 
g_Q.-^ o 5 b o a-S-^Z >-□" 
OnS -nIco>,l c>> >• m c 

g-(B(i)a)a><B<i)<» 'i- a <B c >. 
SEEEEEEEr:SEE-£-E 
>,>,^ >.>,>. >,>,>, a) >< >.^ >. 

000000000*^0000 
0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0. 0.0.0.0. 



■c .>• : _- 



, 5 



.£ o 

1° 

g O (0 _ 

:t . c o >.o 
D 0) o >.ti 5, 
»^:| "ra-g; 

.5 ^ >■ c ra ra <D 

9 I .^ (0 nj ns (0 

' „ O) >, >,>,>, 

O o_ X X X X 

I I o o o o o 
>. >.>.>■>•>>>- 

o o o o o o o 

0. 0.0.0.0.0.0. 



O ««:; c 
I "- c o 

CM -.3 J3 

^■■5 5 S 
- o o ° 
=■ .£ a. — 
.>•£->• 
■D ::;.« =6 
o> T-5: o 



£ OJ 

5> E 



„ 0) 3 

2i^ 



- c c: ' 
0) Jo ra 



Ei.>. 
"5, (1) j: 
c £ 0) 

^^o 






>-5 
o E 
BE 



■£ c 

!t 

5.(0 



IS oi2 



<U <D 



I *:S|| 



5-57 
, o o >, 






^ >■*' >,o >,- 
o o o ^ o- 
0. 0. 0. 0. 



„, p> (0 nJ 

^l;=^-gsai.y--s^sfi:too --iooo 

■£o^oc<i>gracX=iOJ_^£ >■ >'2 >- ><>■>. 

a)Ca)Pi>g.cEi>°<"§ ■S'.o 9> c ci-^ o O) oi o> 
! I -o >..o g-5, Q. 2 >■ 0) ffl ■>,^ —"a dj <D >.■§. (BO)© 

■ T- -tt ■?; ., S o = _?:^.^a)XoX<»4>5flia><B<l> 

.Ti5 ?," □.£ o >•■§.>. >.^ 8 g.o>.>,'"-S >.>.>. 

xxga>x>.a)^r:^J»io°ooos"ooo 
ooji.>.ox^^ci:^Q.i-Q.i-i-i-^t'-'-'- 

— SZ ^ — OD.Q.I CLQ. I Q.^ — ^ Q. CL Q. nl t Q. Q. Q. 
\ r\ r\ r^ ^ '*~ r\ r\ r\ 



•"■fooo- 

0. 0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0. 



ooooooooooooo 



■a 


n 


« 


o 


3 
C 


E 




« 


cx: 


o 


o 


O 


^ 




<0 




o 



Q^ 



(B -; 



ooooooooo oooooooooooo ooooo ooo oo ooooooooooooooo 



OOOOOOO OOOOt-OOOO 

moocMOor- oomioioor^-co o 



oo^oooooinooooooooooo 
ooocMtoooo-<i-ococgooooooiooo 



'^^cmt-ioco^ ^ t- CO r*. IT) m m r^ oo cMcn cnooo t-cm cMr^c3)OcococMr^^ f— oo cmcm oocDr^r^-^^^^-^-CDoocDTr ^co C3> 
CO S- CO CO S* r^ CO co 05 1^ r^ co oo oo r^ r^ cd r^ r^ oo co co oo co co oo co o) oo oo ^ r^ co 

CO CD T— ^— (D CD CD CD (D CO CD CO CO CO CO CO h* CO CO CO CD CO CD CD CD CD CD CO CD CD ^ '^ CO 



(M (V4 in m CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM C 



l-TtcocMCMCMCMCMCMininininincMiococMto 



'St 

U 0) 
WT3 



4S o 

■oE 
a <D 



°2«>.(D«-s° 



■a'o'-OTJTITJ (1) 0) 

"5 "o o "o "o o o o 
oooooooo 



22 



^cS 



51 
»-^ 

o o is 

i_ i_ <" 

£> 2 m 

m m O 

OOO 

c c c 
OOO 

EEE 



_ o 

^515 "S 

o >.nl 0) 
« ?$ 5^ S 

L. O O O 

■K^ o o 
CO >*c c 



ooooooooo 
ooooooooo 

0)0>0)0)D10>0)D101 

(D<D(D(Da>Q>0}(l>O 
CCCCCECCC 



^? 

o o 
c c 
o o 
EE 



^ OJ © 



_ CO » 

■522 

3 10 nj 

C=: > 
O O > 



•E£-g 
o ra j_ 
E >-© 

i°l 
^ .°- 

*; © © 

See 
E"EE 



2<o 
E^ 
-o 

© a 
£c 
© o 

■5 o 

O (0 . _ 

>-© • i_ 1-2 

— ns-aranai©© 
o >.S .■^J="D 
00 ~ . ^ — 



©©©©©©©© 
cccccccc, 
©©©©©©©© ^ 

©©©©©©©©©©©©©©©©© 
,>,>,>.= - - - 

OOO " 

0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0. 0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0. 



<D<b'^|oS2 OOO©© 

ISmf i'Po2£fcS5fegra 
©©bnlnlcranl*'-i^-4-.ii!nj 

??lllS^l.|.i||i 
000000003.3.5.5.0. 

oooooooo"""'"!- 
oEEEEEEEESSSSS 

raoooo'ooooooooo.~SS 
sroooooooooooooSiS:™™ 
' ^ >•>■>•>->•>•>•>•>->•>•>•>•■- •- — .£• 
'">0)0)OiO)0)0)cna)0)cr)Oicnc»EEOO .__ uuu)i-i-*-<ii",_uuuuc^>, 

E©©©©©©©©©©©©©'©'©©©©©© .■YoreionjnJ'''D.^''' 

■F ©©©© ©_©©©© ©©©© ©©©©>.© © ^ ^ ^ fe fe feoo^2.S2.2.9 S nC^ P> 

>'>->->'>->'>->'>->->'>'>->->'>'>-3 ^^-o o o o o o o o X 




T3Xj©bbi;©ot;;ooooCi.^ 
o (0 (0 ra (0 "i Q.C g 



D-47 



Appendix D 



oooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 



jco-^oooooooooooooooomoiooooooooooooooc 



JOO'<tOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 



(DOT-oocnoooiOLooooooooinooi-~oooioooocNjOT)-oooocno>oomioLno'<j-oooooooooooo 
^0)05a)Tt CO i-^cvJcoT-iocO'-ojcviOTcooocOTfr^cDco^T-ocoT-T-cDor^cvj'-cor^^r^r^cjOTiocoLoeo^cDu^cvjcnTfcd 



CNjcvjc\icvipa<>icvirjcjcvico<Dr>-ioini«ininininCTiO'<3-(0(DCDininint^CTioncviinininuiincjrj^int^ir)CDcvjT-cji/>'i-TtTt(D<D<D 

^t-t-»-^»-t-»-»-i-O00t-t-»-t-i-^^0t-»-0 00»-^t-0^t-t-0t-t-t-t-t-t-t-^^Ot-00t-»-t-t-t-»-000 




ID (0 



•§=6=6=6 £5 EEE -"^ 



, c c c o 

^ O O O o 

E~"D"D'Ok:'oEEE -Eo(D 
« O O O -K .9 O O O o 2 £1 S ^ 



Ol 



— <0 >-g P 



O <B 



I £ :£ E O 



=6 =6 =5 =6 0) =o =0 -a =o nl ^ o> •£ >.:g 5 £■ 5 "occ^SS^S 



Q.Q.Q.0L<0Q.Q-Q.Q.oO5P-' 

I I I I Q. I I I I L. ^ Q.>- I 



— o t: o >. 

_E_^gg- 

0) (D (D— 4^-5 g 






o m 



I- "o S- 



5T3 0) >->< 
CLWSl (B-C O 

9"o'ooooo"o<D>. ' 0) n> 0) « fJ 

•PO000OOO"O^ C O i^ -nO 

ro >->•>->>>->->•■>< ^2S!f;!Sii) 



1° 

3 O 



« £1 



•^ ' S n" -C ^ -S P 



o 2 tS 
£_n I. o o 



cocvjcvicviOcvicviCNiwoI'^oD-ooooooooooooooooQ-ti.o'Yoooooooogooog'y'Vg'Vg 
t-'^'^-^'t T-^^"T-"-r-"ci4-iil clqI (t ol CL qI (il dI qI (t (t it CL qI qI qI qI q.ot (t w Q- Q- Q- Q- Q- Q- a. Ql q. q. cl cl q. c c£LcmCl 



o o o Q> ® 
l: t: u M « 

0.0.0.0.0. 



■o 


Q 


« 


U 


3 
C 


E 




4> 


C 




o 


O 


O 

1 


"5 
u 



al 



\-< 



oooooooooooooooooooo 
. ^«^ ^ >,. — oooooooooooooooooooo 

1— OOO^— OOOOOOOOOOOt— OOOOOOlOOOOO*^CDOO OOLOOOOOr^OOOOOOOO'^'OOlO 
(D Tt CO d CO CO O) r^ lO CO CO r*^ CO 05 O) O) O CO m OJ 1/5 O lO O f— CO CD 05 T— T- lO r^ Tj- 00 T— C:5 ^— O CO C7) '^ LO CD O T- O CD O O) CO O CO 

|-~ CD CO CM CD CO 1- 



lO CMCO OCO COlO coco coco coco coco coco coo lOCO lOLOtOm mCD TJ-LO lOCO CO CJ LO in CO CO CD CD CD CD CD CO OJ ■*— CO CD CO CD CD CD CM CM 
T- ^- o t— O Of- T-O OO OO O O O O O T- ^- O ^-T- T-x- T-O 1-T- T- 7- O f-f- f-O O OO O O O O 1-0 OO O O OOt- r- 



0) l_" c cu 

£ £■« E 
a>£ P >- 
I 0) o 

O O D." F 
D)D)CD J) 0) 

oo aE (D ^ ^„ 



-»8 

(D <D >. 



c: c 



(DO 

_ >.>.ffl 

>• >>5 o >•£ £ £ m 

"-"■^CLcoaio) — 

£ m — p p p 



O IQ <D|— 



L.E 

El 
gc»(o-5° 



O lO flj *" WJ '-''-'(/>•— ^ 

S|£2£o^S--goj 

mP-Soni:o2-s5:5t; 



;-c-c2'^»oi-F C 



^^l^iisltlliid 



fefet)i;3a><B<»CD^!=!=~~.fc.! 



EE 



^ >.>.>.>. C •—•— •= 



O (D 

"*" - ■ -^O 

SI a. 

I I 

CMCM 

2|t5io2EE« 

.*;£ I ^3 5 I IX 

O "O CM *1 O) t3)CM CM O 

EEEEEEEEE 



■Q ro <D-^>,t: 



Q-Q--S P-S 



c c c c 
„_.. i; ^ is 42 s; 3 3 >■>•>•>■>■>■> — „ 

OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO----------- 

0.0. 0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0. 



33333 

CO CO CO CO CO 'co '(0 '<0 (0 

cococococococococococo 
"■""■"■"■"ooooo 



CO j_ CO 

iS o= E 

>.co ra 5 

CO W S CO 

EEf^E 
3 3=3 
■<o'<o o'ln 

tn </t CO 

(0(0 



o o o o o o < 



nj i\j (Q lu 
0*^0 
0.0. 0. 



2 g 

rat:; 

.1.1: 

CO CO 
CO CO - 

2 2 
o o 



(0 " 
c o 

1.2 



■O (D 

o 9- « ~ ■ 



c ra.S CD 

01 c c 



°'o 

II 



ra ra -^ c N N Ti • 
*e -K 5 10 <o ra o 

OOOt-u.^Ui-k_i_i-k.k.h.wh..^i I 
Q.OOOOQ.Q.OOQ.D.O.O.O.Q.Q.O.T-t- 



3 (0 (0 
X) O O 
O O O 



■-£•2 
>>?; >> 

%u 

5t5E 

1.2.Z — 
<» I •>. 

£« c « 
0n£.E2 

c . E E a 

2 CO « « 2 

4S *: CO (« g 

CO CO Q.Q.Y 

a) o o o ' 
o O0.0.<_i 



D-48 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



OCOOOr^OOOOOOOOOOCO^CDOOOOOOOOCOCDTtO-f-r^OOOOOOOOOCvJOCvJCDiOCOlOOOLOOOOOOO 
a)000^--r-*-OOOOOOCvir^COCOOOOOOOOOTj-'^0)CNJ't'^COOOOOOOOOC\JOTtCOCNJCOCOCDOC»0000000 
T-CMOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOi-T-^— t-OOOOOOOOOOOO^-f-f-T-OOOOlOtOOO 

■cjcocDr^TrmcDr^r^-ooooooor-cocDcj^-aJ'-a) 



OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO'-O'r-O^-O 



o)co fl)^;_;;:^ 



CVJCO^CDOCO^CO S, 

0)'-^'-'«-'-'-cvjr^ooco-Q 
occcccccccc ^'*-'***' 
aOOOOOOOOOOoirir 



T- C\] CVJ CO CO «T 
■VO-a-OTlTD 
0) 0) 0) 0) 0) 0) 

crccircccca: 



o> •* cvj ^ ^ CO S,"" *" "D v; ^ 

fl) m fli ni ni m y .y .y n (ii 



lO CO U5 O 0) 

o> m r^ CO oj r» CM CD CM CO CO lo >, 



O ^ r^ O S ^ ir> ^f* ■•->-^CMCOtco^»-T-t--g' 



!££S5 5°°° b 



^CMT3 C 

0) <D a> § 

3 3 3 g 

(Da>0(D<Da}(DO(D<DO}a}®o}O)<D®a><D(D(Da)(]>a>Q)a)(D0a)O}(D(D(u<i>a>(D(D(D(i)(D(UQ>a>(U(DO>(D(Da> 



>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>: 



>>>>>>>>> 



>>>>>>>>>>>g. 



0) v£ 

«f s 

oo ooo 
c c c c c 
o o u o u 



o o o o 
nj n] nj. CO 
0) (B O 0> 

ccirira: 



oooobbbbooboobbbbbbbbbbbbbbb 'obb'obbooooooooo±;'coo5oo 

-. _. ---—"-—- QJ QJ ^ gj QJ ^ 

crircctrcLcctra: 



oo 

<B 0) - " - - " - " - - " - ' ' ' 

CLir 



Q}a)Q>(D(D<D0(l>(D0<D(l> 

ccccircrcrcrcrccccQCccirt 



oo oo oo oooo coco oooooooo ooo 
oooooooooooiooooocnoooooo 

Or-C0OCMmOOOOOOOT-OOC3)U5OOOOCM 



OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCOOOO^T-OOJCO^ 

OOOOOOOO OOO mooooooT-oooTt^^^»oo^»^~ 
otoooocvicooojoor-ooooooooooooooT-T- 



(D<DCKtDr--C35CvJCOOOC3)OOC3)COUir^eOr~CMT-OOr«- 

coiDCMt^r-r^cooor^r^-coooi-cooo'S-cocncnincooj 

OOt— ^-COCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOt-t-^COCOCOt-COI^ 



C0U5l/5r~OOOn-a)CMCMCncMC0'a-C:)O^CMC0'*-(D<0<DCD<D<Dt0 

cMcn en rococo CO T-Tt^T-om mio CO '^•■^■*'a-'*i- 1-'*'* •*'<■'>■ 



lo in CO CO CO 



Lococor^rororororororororororororororoo) 



lo r^ (o CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO <D CO (D CD in CO CO CO u> "i- CO CM CM cMco cococococomcMU5TMO^'«rf!)-'<a-T}-*r ^^"^-^^^^^^ 



t-OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOt-OOOt-t-O 



^- 1-0 OOl-T-'T-t- 1 



-T-r-OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 



"O (8 
4> o 

iE 

::: « 

o 

1 o 

A « 



h:< 



II 

O <D 2 

lEg 

O >-3 

t go 

^ I PE ^ 

--Till 
3 ^ i ci «i„^i >^l F^s >l I £ §■ i >.>T.p 2 

Q. Q. iCocT T-"cM (iCO Ol iCcM CM (Ct (ClCcM iClCcM CM ^ (L"0 



■S E« 

^12 



= X X c 






^E-cEoJ:^ 
°ESE£7e . 

-^ (B= (0 Oco£ 

5 s >.£>oooi 

era " <3 >-££o 

O O OOco 



o S2 
§•33 

O C CO 



^ O (D 

0) 0) Q.O' 
t;cm c c 



^ j^ ~ CO •<r lo ^ 

O O o 0) (D O (D 

rt ra j5 _3 _3 3 _3 

03 CD ^ QQ CO CQ OQ 
Q> 0) a> Q) 0) Q> 



coo>^ob^^o>o>r^r^ 



CO'J- 

^cMco'*r~i^ooi-t- 

O0(D(D®(D(D®(D 
3_3 33 3_3 33 3 

mmmffnmm/yifnm 
Q>(D0)OQ}Q)(D(]>Q> 



c c c 

3 3 '3 

ooo 



o » (0 ns nj 

C Jj <1) 0) 0) -^ ;^ -^ -^ ;j^ -^ -^ -^ -^ .ji -^ -^ -ii ^ -ii Si 

'3(B(]jg)(],0000000000000000 
'^'^- L.t.r3fl]n}nin]n}iQn]n3n]n3f0m(OfaiQ 



>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 



O o. 

I fl] n3 n3 (Q 
a-cc caeca: 



a}a><i>(U(b(i>(D(]>(U 
: ir tr cc cc (£ IT cc cr cc 



D-49 



Appendix D 



ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooocor^oooom 

OOOU500000000000000000100000000000<MOOOOOO-^'J-"»OOOCO 
CvJC\JOOOOOOOO>U50lOOOOOOOOOU5comOOOO»-T-cnLOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

t~icvjcDa3'3-i-c\jcO'tcO'<tinc>j^c\]uic\]OTtr^cdcoo>o>(Dcoo3ocvJocyc>oro 



-T-T-Oi-T-T-^-i--.-i-,-T-T-T-T-T-OT-»-i-T-OT-r-r-T-0»-Or-000000000000000 



O 3 

O 3 I TT 

— TT <a a o\ -^rH o 
0) >-T3 >--g ' >'.3 1- 
c 5 x E = ^£ 5 ™ 

S. :-5S^££ES?£ 

■p >-c ^ a> 0) >•£= E <" 
(oiojgiiEEEgiJTE 

!'">,i5 i:£ c X xt:£ 1 X 0) 
+->.nj't:=oonJ'J^' — -0+^ 



nj^Q. PNi^L. E^»-*- 
±; I ra E >-5 « ni E >.o " - 



o o ^^^ra 

Issl^ii 



e2 
■^ w 9 

0) -li 1 

o Z 

: ro m I ■ 







-2 
<B .^ — 

8g.2B££g-15 

3 g- O 01 <U 1 V. n. 



£^ 3 m O 0) 0) I i; fl) 

£d.^«E£z-Eo 



<■> h t^ lO-K 
— " a o (5 
X o t! (0 S 

O Q. Q.» CO 



CL 3 O 5 ^ 



EEEEEEEEE 



3 3 3 3 



wwco-.- 



■□■OTDXI"D"D"aTJ'OT3T3T3T3TJ"O"O"0"D"0T3T3T3T3T3T3"D"0"D 
0000000000000000000000000000 
COMWWWWCOMCOCOWWMWWOOMWOOWOTMWCOWWMM 



03 |0 

nJ o 
11 
°j 0) o o 

E^siSS 

3^X3^000a)a)a}a}(Da>Q)(i> 
■■5S 2^>>^>^>>>^>> 

000000000000000 
WOJWCOOOWOOWOTWOTWWWM 



J.: Jt jc j£ jc " ■* "" " 
00000(l><Da)<D 



ccccccccc 



TJ 


Q 


4) 





3 
C 


E 




4) 


r-c 








(1 


^ 






1 






^ a 
l-< 



0000000000000000000000000040000000 00000000000000000000000 
oooooovooooooooooooocNJOOooooooooooo 00000000000000000000000 

OOOOOOOOCDUOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOlOOOlOOiOOOf-OOOOOOOOOOOOlor^OOOOOOOO 

cor^i— cvjcoT-'^<Njodiooto(ocviu>cDO>0)0^r^cMtnr^'<^Tfior^T— cjtDOf— cdoo'^u^o^— r^coocvjcM^T-oococMcocooO'— 05cj^— 

OCDOOOT-CDTl-aS^— <£)CDCOCOlOCOCOlf)CD^CVJI^COCOOOOlOCOCOOOOOOT-»-r^h^(£>(D^r^OJO)CDt— CMOJIOCOOOI^COO^-*- 

■>* »- 00 03 00 T- 10 1>~ »- T- »- COT- T-»- »-T- 1- 1- 'a- 10 1- T- M- CO r- T- in in ^ ^a- ■* 'j- cov co Tj-cocot-^oo 

cor^<oco<0'~c^jin<Dr^u>cvjcvjcjoj^coc£><ocoa)^r^r^cocococDijotr5c*jcoinh*Trioio<DCDcviin<oio^coococD<oin(OCD"«t<Dinio 

00000^~t-t-00t— 1-t-t-t-t-OOOOOt-OOOOOOt-^-OOt-Ot-t-t-OOt— *-0t-t-0t-000t-00t-0t-t- 



t 10 



L. -o « O 

O><0 . c 



(OJ 



(0 



Et3x: "^ 
El c o o- 



o«*iE 

oi"o^ 
^ S £ " 

» o o -c : 



O (0 



c o 
£"E <« o 



> ^ ^C r- *- -ri *" •" 



IE 



£ 2 <" 

cog*. 



10 CO CO CO 

g_cccoog 
o 2 2 5 S <i> <" fl) 
«£«ro ra-ooo 
^^00 O.E.ES 

cQjririr be irccir 



"Ox O I 

•j: 3 ra ' 

10 0) .£ J 

ECA CO I 
_ O O < 



- CD cu 2 
.£ .£ 0) <B 0) 

iEEt;;§i 

t CO CO (U c/) C/} 

; .E .E .e CO 10 

) en en en X X 
) o o o o o 

rcctrccoco: 



c»^ 



I. o~ 
: (0 o ;= 



^,^-fe:§S^m.E: 



Ec^i 



CC"J^=cOCO(0<0, 



TT O 



i^J^i^ = :=:== (0 



xi^ en o o 



ooog-K*;4-!— o 

ro o S 
.2 .9 .9 .9 .2 .9 :9 jn ^ W "^ 
^' leOCD 



■522 

— !q1q 
o CO (3 

10 o o 
n o o 
eu o 0} 
WWW 



(0 i_ c 
T3 CO >,0> 

c o en c 
OFP O 

o E E o 



^ 



CO 

£2-5 



C» v. — CO ~ '^ 

OJ CD a) 'K >,co 
ggggE^ 

CO lococow w 



' CO CO Q. 

_ ■ N O E CD - - 
■- S=S 3*- CD O 

o£5S-E«to1o 

«2igifess 

CD-p-p g O C C 

O C C b en CD CD 
CO CO CO CO CO ^ .Q 

EEEEEEE 
3333333 

T3 X> 73 XJ ■■O T3 T3 
0000000 
WWCOWWMM 



D-50 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



000(DCOOOOOOOTtO»-lOCOO«-0000000 



o o o o o o o o o o o o o oooooooo ooooo 
__________ 000000U10 ooooo 



ID LOO coo 0)0510 CTOOOO 



r~ooo)0)05coio<oi^^cT»iniovnioioin(D^<ooo)oo 
imounoio<DCDiDiDr~r^r~r^r~r~~i^r^f--r~0)cooocoo)0) 

0)050)0)050)0)0>0)0)0>0>0)a>0505030>0>0^— T-T-f— 1— 



r~ "S- O) 1^ i^ lo Tf cvj T- 1- og Lo r^ o o cr^ co oo oa m- 



OO oooooooo oooooooo Ot-t-t-t-t- T- 



JCNJC^ICJCVJCOCOCOCDCD 
-r-T-1-T-OOOOO 



£ £T) 
■^ m <" S 

£E2o 



o ™ o >- 
3 >• 3 >< 



>.g ra 5 5 
go " o o 

SI >-E 0) <B 



0)nj I 



5J^^-2¥S^^ 



CO'S-CDCOCOOCMCTCDCMtOCO 



o.S^ll^i, 

corf CD (D >.>,1aJ5 S S, 

T- »-'-'- "O J3 TT >.— -e 



cccccccccc 
>>>>>>>>>> 

oooooooooo 

MCOWWWWWWCOW 



> > > > 

o o o o 

WOT WW 



> > > 

o o o 
www 



B o (ur^ nj 0) c ' 
- > >- — . . ^ ' 
■ "^ "^ "o "o "o "o ' 

O O O O O O I 

W WW w w wc 






'^S-f S'l 2 ° ° c c S ° fe>fefeE Si-" 
■5(fl-o<o-o*-ninja,a)>.n).y.y.<^cc £2.o 

■t:>,5>.S>->->.o o — >. <D Q 0) 0) o .b I 
0O"0"0O0mm I OQ.Q.Q.Q.Q.CL' 
WW W W WW—— ZWMWW WWW 



215° 
O I " „ 
■^ CM O © 

ra CO 0) = 

n =5 ^ E 
~ Rj nj o 



S-Se 

Era«^ 

i5 "5 Q.i= _ CM T- CM T 

^^^§8 

.i£cl.i|;-S-B-S^ 

T3 0) I >, 03 (0 (0 < 
>.>.>. D. 2 CC OC IT 



- >-T3 -a -a -a 



^ ^ *^ ^ ^ r\ f\ f\ f\ 

ro (0 nj ni _ .y .5J i^ .y 

<ua>(ua>n](ua>a>(U 
(Titntntn tntntntn 



x» 


(S 


4> 


o 


3 
C 


E 




V 


tjc 








() 


_ 








o 



Q2 



l-< 



0000000>OT-CMCOO)OOOOOCMOOOOOOOOOP-*r^OOCOOOOC 
00000005000C\JC«JOOOOOmOOOOOOOOCDr^O>OOCNJOOO'" 
OOOOOOOOT-f-T-t-OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOi— ^-1— T-CMCVJC 



lOOOO ooo 



05*-cOTj-inh^h^cooooooococnu>h^ooo>cy)CMr^cooi— c\i'*ior^r^i^co<3)T— cvjc0TfL005'— cocot— cMcvjcvjcjcvjcsjCNjcvjcorj-LOCDr^coo) 



oooooooooooooooooooo oooooooo ooooOooo ooo ooooooooooooooooo 



°n£!''°°' O'-cMcgcoLOco 



ocou>i-or>-i--. S, 

CJCOr»CMCMCMCOCDr-.C3)-Q 



ffl 



CDOOCOOOCOOOOOCsJCM >« 

COCO lom CD05 o) t 



C0rtCOr^<MC3)COr}- 



J CM CM ■* t CO r~ 

:T3T3"0T3"DT3-0"0T3 



(|)0>0>(D<D<D<P(l>C<D(n 
•OCCCCCCDIDIOODICTDIOIDID) g,^ 

SmSSSSoamenoQCQOQScQOQOQmcQUOOOOOOOOOOoccirccccircrcrcca: 

ccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc 
a)a)a>a>fflSa><u(i>a>(U(ua)a>(U(u<i><i>(U(Uffia><u(i)(i>(Dffi<u(D<uu(UQ<i><ua>(ua>o 
> > > > > > > >>>^>>^>>>>^>>^^^^^^^^^^-S^^^-^-S-2:-^ 
'o'o'oo'oooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooog 
WWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWOTWWWWWOT 



0) corj-oo 

<Booc»^i-coi 



>- Tl CD CO C» CM CO t~- CO „ 

T— cococDcor^r^oocvj ^ 
^^^^^^^o4CMCM-5'*;*5*; 

a:a:a:£ra:a:ECcna:(rS:>>> 



o.°o 

>>> 



ccccccccccccccccc 
mmm(i}(u<i)a)(i><ua>a}0)(DQ>a)(D(i) 

ooooooooooooooooo 
wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww 



D-51 



Appendix D 



ooooOT-^omp^ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 

(OOOO'^-^OO-'^TJ-OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 



OtOLOOOOOOOOLOLOOLOLOOOT-OOOOCNJOCvJOOOOOOOOOOCDOOtOOCOLOOOC 



T^coT^T^Tfr^T^Tt■^lOLn^nocD^CDCooc^a^c^JLn^^l^cvl■f-o^Jco■^f^c^J^^cO'«a••^'^u^'-CD 



r^ r*. r^ in CD 

t-T- T-T- CO 



O) o-r-r*. o 

O OJOJ (D O) 
CM 'T'^ '- '- 



COOOOGOcOCOa3cOLOCOuOtDU^CDT-LOC\ItOCDCDCOCOCOCOCOCOtDtDCDCDCMCSIC\ltOCD<OCDCOCOCOCOOJOJC 
Of-T-*-OOOOOT-0*-OT-Ot— t-t-i-OOOOOOOOOOOOt-i-t-OOOOOOOOt-t-i 



CO 0) 

0) a> 

;-£ 

c o 

CO) £ • o o 
<" S .e ^ >■ ■ o. m 
Q-m^ So :o£ 
^J2^£ o. o ra 

Sv'DoOR'-'D?' 

J3 ~ •£■ > m 0) =»£ 

c c c c S 0) .wc ■"■Oo® 
(Da>g)(BCj3o)", _ ■i2~'o 

•D =D =0 =0 -2->, <B -^ ?• „ Q-'O ?> "X 
B>nlnl(OOcxO):5fflo, >•.£ o 

^5^^g-:>SgglQ.cofe 

(D(D(D<D(i>(Da>(Da>a}Q>.= >> >>JH 
cccccccccccccc-g 
(D(DO)oa>a>a)(Da><u(Uu'u'u|^ 
>.>.>.>. >.>.>.>.>.>.>.^ o o o 
tntntntntntntntntntntnvivx/nn 



o a> m 

— (D OJ 0) 

■S S X ■? © 

"5 S O lT3 

o m o5 o 5 c 

CO X) o ™. 5 



(0^ _ 
fl) <B (1) a) c 
(o « « CO 5: 



o o o o: 

3 3 u 3 3 
WMWM C0( 



fl) 2 £5 c 
(0 (0 n] (Q 



1 .£ g Fj o X 
; xj d ro .t! o _ 
C:££££S 
2 0) 0) 0) fl) i: 
oiEEEEe 
nj m (Q m R3 (0 



o ^ii 

-D 0) (D 



" T3 <D 



• |»c„2 

M (0 0) -4: S == 



■f — ^ 
j <D jO m 

IIeI 

> I 3~ 

: -5= o 

)i-.= (O 



■>.2 



(0 o 






<0 0) 0) OJ^-g 

nl n] fl] m n] 0) 



o o 

X X o 

o o^ 

3 3 



(Q m m o 
_o o o = 

O O O fl] 



o o = ^l-ii-A" 



III,? 



WW ElOlou) </) 



^ -^ ^ 
fl] o >. 

-= X 

(0 flj p 

£ <■>" 

fl] -g i: fl] S — c 
■g-D >.<5 oii o 

J^ .y ^ o ni 3 -o 
o o I 3 o o P 






CJCJOJCJCJ 



■ .9 • ■•- ii 
■'■5 m " 

:"SEi 

■i=:0 . - 

• X . <D S 

• 0) i_ r " 



2 So" 

■^3 0) 






■^3 0) 
S O O 



T3T3T3 



fl] fl] (0 (Q fl] 
0^0000 

c « c c c c 

O r- O O O O 
O C O O O O 
3 3 3 3 3 3 

<n-^ m ai tn in 
_o o o o o o 

3 "3333 



cE 
:: « 
ex: 
o o 



D,S 



l-< 



mCMOLOOlOOOC 



ointnmooo ooooco cor^ cj-i- •q-coooiocvicoooioocvjoooomo oo»- 



10 lO U> U> COCOOCOt-CO 



CO CO u) CO m 



coti-'j-incococo'a- 

)mococococor^ 

■q- »- o r>. r>. CO •* 



CO cO in o CO CO CO CO r- t^ 1- 10 10 o lo r^ ■<j- 1^ r- -^ <D (o (D i-'^t 

"■■ " ~ CMCOt--'-'- "S- 



r>-CvJTj'COi-"ifO)t<Ot3)CO 

t^ T- 10 10 o Lo r^ " " 

■V ^ CM O lO CM C3) 



CM CM CM CM CM CM CM pa CM »- CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM lO CJ) lO CM CM CvllO CM CM Ul lO CM Ui lO 00 CD CD Tf Ui in UJ CO CO 00 CO O 
1- 1- t- 1- ■r- r- T- ^ t- r- r- T- T- 7- »- r- -i- »- T- i- -r- i- T- O T- T- T- »- T- T- T- T- i- i- »- T- O O O i- i- i- T- O O O O »- 



_^ 



C (D (D O 

(8 C C C 

(0 fl) fl) c 
C"OT3 C 

0) C C.2 

T) O O-O 

C O O 0) 



<n fl] 






|EE£o> 

~ « .fS 0) £ 



fi fl] 

0) c 

if 

o o 

0) " 

.£ 0) 

II 



5i: t >.o=6 fl] 
S 0) 0)^:= (d:5 
o c c*; fl] c 0) 

C^ m n\ 0) /i\ != 






E^ 



I 

O;— . 

m i; 
c oj 
0) >. 
T3 X 
C O 
Oi= 

C I 

E£i 

«].2 

s-2 



« = 



I - - 1 I I 



I II fl]n]fljfl]fl]n]fl] 
1 o ii .9 .9 iJ .2 .9 .9 



W V) V) 05OTWWC0MW 



>.a) 
£ >• 
©£ 

' "cm 
; "o "o -^ 

.9 .9 o 

fl] 18 m *w r- ****-* '^^ '^ 

a)fl)ila)b(i>Q.(U(i) 
M W 



c c n 
fl] E en 

^li 
o fl] — 

O O O 
C Q. CO 

•OT3T3 



5-' 5 



E»; 



EEE 

T3T3 fl] fl] 

fl] n]^££ 
>.>.t; <D 0) 



; «■ 



<D"0 0) 

>,£ >-"0>,fl) 

£ ra £ 0) £^.>< 

0) >.a) fl] o E 
I X I >, 
•o o'g x'^'o 
o £ o o o o 

CO Q) (8 £ (0 CO 
o9o<l)OOuu>Juvj^.>. 

n]Ofl]cc]fl]fl]cocOfl]4_tCT] 
- - (1) 0) 0) 0) d) 

W W WMWMMWW M( 



O O O 



hZ c 0) ( 

I'S fl] . 
"D "D^ "O ( 
O O 0) 'o ^ 
fl] fl] C fllJ 






Q.Q.C2.Q. 0.0 
- I 0.0 O Q.Q.Q." 

9- .c j: o o o c 
i_L"Ooo-d'D"d5 

: >,0 OOFFF-I 

;e^^^|||o 

: 2 £•£•£•£•£•£-§ 
l,"7:fl]n]n]n](0nJt 

I Y 0) fl) 0) 0) 0) 0) fl] 

Izw W« W W W 



: 0) 0) 



fl) 



:^E 



a:|bEE5>- ..^„ 

fljtfll.SroflJco,- CL<i) 

ra'irEQ.coco'^EScE 
— ^ ?oo.3.3 

£■£■£■£-£■£■0.^^^^ 

nJnJnjnjnjnJmmcDoo 



Q) a> 
EE_ 

>•>. Q. 

t "• oo >• 

J ra flS « a)i;-c g 
jajE-D^-^og 

■□ TJ fl] ;r: ?>■_ fl] 
™ «I m fl] n]Xl 

^ III 



»7; 



.9 .9 (Q CD fl) fl) fl) 



o o _ 

'c 'c c c c c c 
^ -5 a) 0) fl) fl) fl) 

Q. Q. I- I. i- I- L. 

>■>,>.>.>.>.>. 



D-52 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



0000l/)00000000000000000000 



uoooooooo 

OOOi— ooor^Loooooooou^ooooooo-^ "^OOOOOOO 
oioococjcDCDo^oi— toouor^oo^ooLoooooOT o^oooooor^ 



ooooooooooooooooooooo 

OCNJLOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 
CDOiOCDOOOOOOOOOOOOTinOOWO 



ooh-.iou^i/5f^inTroooo<Na>c\ic\i'^cjr^cvjco'<tocT>a)couo 
cD<DtomLotor^(r5CDCDr^r^^-'-'<:i-io<Di^r^co'^oja)coco 
1- h". lO lO lO 1- UO T- ^- (D f- CO CO lO to lO r^Ttcoco-'^ 



iniO COCD Oh- I 



r^cococvjcotno-r-o< 
cocor^h-u^a)a3r^T-cMc«Jc\jCNjr-.cou^'^cMOJ 

IDCOCOCC^CVJ*-^ ~ "^ 



TMncooo>c7>h-.cvj^^O) 
r^cotO'^cgoJCMO 
r^ ^coco-^-^-^ r- 



m CM CM OJ OJ lO CVJ C\J lO lO CvJ in Oi CNJ CNi CM CVJ CNJ CvJ OJ CVJ CVJ C\J CM CNJ CMCMCMCMC 



JIOCM CMCMCMCMlOCMlO'^T-i— ^-T-t-lOh*CO(DCOCOCO<D 



-OOOOOt-OOOOOOO 



ffl= " II II gs£ 

^i -^T 0) 

^ I « n CO (0 (A'D 

Ooooooonj 
c 10 (0 m m m ns 

0) >.>.>.>*>»>.*j 



iSJ*; 



m a> •- ; in- — ■ 



« J5 



■S X l- 

S o 5 

to. _ (0 
■oooo'ooo_~"~~~ 
nln]fl]coni(0(0|_< 



JO 1- 
E=D " 

coo 

C CO -r: 



<0"-J= 
-T3IX 



■g (0*. 
O C 10 
(0 § (0 

Eeo ^ 



-E£ 



■o-o^ 



(0 o 
O o 



0) o ^ II 

loEEE 
(0 'ci..iS .iS .2 

•C O -O TD 73 . 



11 

«E 

>. (0 



S Q^ 



££ "D 



■O Q) 

loJH » <0 ' 

3 (0 "o 'o 
« _ (0 (0 

2211= 

m (0 to (0 



»J W *J __ o — 
Q) <D ^ O 

O <l) Q) -V ^ Q. r= ■*-> ^ ■*-> finTL >» 
j_ w © <D Q) V E Q.X C C t ^ O <D 

(0 >^5 _0 _0 _0 _0 (0 (0 i_ 

o = = = = =?i(-l-Ht-H-oooo 
= (0 CO (0 (0 CO c^^^i — T'^^'S'S CO 
COw^l— ^1— I I ICOCOCO 



a c 

■S o 
^ o 

3 <D 
(0 C 

>.<0 

E cS-o 

""£« 
OJ S v 

E-££ 
CO 5 0) 



i^£r 



'S'oj CO 

CO CO *-> 

i; j; ti b 3 
c» CO (0 ~ m 

i 5 5 S 5 

= o o o o - = 
co = = = = c c 



^«>Eco- 
•o"1o"«> 

■§ES = 

O) CO 



0) 0) 
CO CO 
3 3 



j:x: 



cu = 

O C CO .« 
C C 1- k. 

CO CO CO CO 



■Kl^-D " 



o o 



ii^ '- io 
CO CO CO CO 



:^ u o o 

3 CO (0 

_ CO ,, „ >. 

<0 0^:^00 

cogSf^S 2 
>■ CO J3 CD o CD <£: 

Q. k. k. 1. h- ^ H 
0) CD 0> O 0> CD CD 
h-l-l-l-Hh-K 



|2< 



D OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO ooooo 

v-www -^— — . ^— — o oooooioooooooooooooooo ogcjioo 

CgnOO ■^ O ^^ fS- UJ lO CD OOOOOOOOOOO OuraOlO OOOt-C35 coo mrl-rtCDO 



OOOO OO oo 

CNJOOO mo ot- ^c:3 t- 



CD CO CO CD CO 

OiO> oy O) o 



t-~CMCMCOCM 

_. . , . ... cor-r^cor^ 

-CM coco CJCVJ oo O ^COCO CO lO CO CO IOCDCOC«JCO 



oo ooooo 
»-ooo cooo 
o o o r~ CO •* CO 

CO d f-^ 00 ■^ r-i rr 
r- r-. r^ CO CO CO »- 



CMCMCMCVJ CMCa CJ CvJ CM CM 



CM CM CMC01-^CMU>^»frrt ^tDCOCMr~CM CMCMCM CMCM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CO CM 



•OOOOOt-Oi 



^ ' — CD 

CO *; (0 
">*; CO coo 

ECO CO (- o 
_ CO E >. 

:spi-3o> 
Tl t 3x1 

05=6 o ffl 

»T3 O <» 5 
-O CO .i> 

is " . t- >> 
CD . iJ^ CDX: 

w fe 5i to CD 
<d2 m S >. 

■— CO CD — O 
S-CD— ><Q. 

O o CD ~ 3 

= o 9-c CO*; 

"DT3T3T3^ — ^ CO 

2 ■^" 2 19 2" E 

00 O O O 3 
CO CO CO CO CO :q 
O O O U O O 

lllcl-e 

OOOOO" 
OOOOO - 

3 3 3 3 3^ 
CO CO CO CO CO ™ 
O O O O O 0) 
3 3^33 *" 



• CO 

_ :E| 

>. ■ m <D 
O'o . CD E 

= *- • m o 
CO 3 ■ cd2 

co-Si. .ei 
fe8Sg2 

■Joiic <0 CO 

«> .§"-" 

22^22 
o o o 'o o 

cO CO CO CO CO 

00^-00 

C C CD "c 'c 
o o to o "o 

O O ffi o o 

3 3 I 3 3 

CO CO H^ CO CO 

0-^0 

3 S''- 33 
COW WW 



'°B 



ii 



CO o 



O O +j >- CO 0) 

E E CO c<DO 
_ CO c c 

22P2E 

"o 30 fl 



»_ CD 
<D£ 

Bo 
= 

= CO 
■^ CO . 
^' . CO 



3 CU 

CO o 



E'-4!5 a)=S— _ P 



cccDCCcE£-j;£i 

o o ■*; o "o t 'o o ^ O ■*;; 

" lT" o 

Ss " S 

O m o c 
^ CD^ E 



o „ - 

CO^ CO 
O CO O 

£ ciE 
o £ o 
0.2 o 
3-0 3 

CO O CO 



c - o c o 

gg^ico 

=6 o"^ o o 

O X l_ I. "C 

0333 

33 3 3 



S-g>- 5 



■o-u-a 2 o 

N N S °°: 

— ^ ^5 35 



0.3 



J2xi . 

S|l 
01 CO 5 



^" CO = 
O CO 



>~ CD CO 

<D 1- -cCT 

0) CD iL ^ 
^ — CO 

(Oj: c 
— o u.S 

■<= "0 5(r 

CD ^0) — 

Eg-g 

eS§^ 

oo'o 



s|i 
82. 

p 

k- 0) 

as 



■a CO 

O 0) 



: n> <D ° 

I CD +j^ 

it; co2 



o 



E 



^F 

S >•" 
>.:£ o 
^ (D'i: 
SE2 
X)T3 



0) (0 

°^B 



.E o 
EL 

, CO CO 
C •*- ^Ti <D 

«sa^s 



CD (D E I 



££ X 

CD CD O 



CO-S CO CO 
2^22: 

oJr o o 

CO ^ CO CO 



WWW wwwwwwc 



So^-SJo 

■^CO COCD CD = = i^i=i= 

^"D Q.^^ o oO o o 

*:= Ecc = = = = = 
33>^>.>.CO(OCOCOCO 
WWWWWt-l-h-l-l- 



. I I .ii 

CO CO o 

-g "□ CO - 
o o 0) ■ 

o o §■ 

CO CO 

1-H t 



co.»^ O 

ES" 

CO E CD 
■«g,8-S2:i5 

■5o"S"0 03 
I I >, - - 

C» CO .C *' CO CO ( 

2 2 •- ffl 2 2 2 
"o o 5 -►■ o o o 

CO CO _r= CO CO CO 

o o i; = o o o 
raB "" *" « 15 'co 



£CD C 
<D'C — 

00 = 

CO CO o 



D-53 



Appendix D 



ooooooooooo o 

O O O O O LOO O lO o o o 
LO O O O O LOO to UO O O 1- 

o>r^a3r-a3rri-LOuocvjco 
cocoa3a>"^cocDcococDco 



O or^ ODOOOOO oo oo ooo ooooooo 
O OCOCOO OO OO Ot- oooo O OOOOCOOO 
UO O CD CO '— O O O O GO OO OJ CD 1— O LO O O CD O O O t- 



oO'^T-i-cvi'^cooomaocoocD-^CMi 

CO CO CM O O ■^ O ■<* coo CO CO -^ -^ 00 O) I. 



^ -<;j- -,- -^d- 1- '- ■«* CO r- o o o o CO CO co ■»- co uo lo -^ co tt h* co 



CO m lO Tj- CD CVJ "^ UO to UO CNJ C«J CvJ lOlOCMC 



<a .iH 



r^ Lo CO eg o OO CO 

O CO ^ LO CNJ 1- T- 



^ CO CD CO 00 OO CO 

^ OO oooo 



OOOOOOOIO 
j CD Tt crj CO CD CD 



OCO'<tCOCOCOCJ)l/5 
^O'-OOOOt- 



-eg 



Eo 



— ■ c 



'7 Q. 0) CO 
o gPB 



"D 0) 
0) >. 



51" 






S1C.O •„ I • --So 3 •og-.ti^X 

OO.Eo'OOJCCTJ ^'"i^ C ■S< m X — — 
i_i_:;^ii:il4i;/iirt\^c-(Ti(D.i"mj«;.^ 






"■"U ^ -1- .— Q) •— • -^ « m 



il 



1 s-l- (1) <1> 



2|2E|£ii^J^«g^5| 
■s;T3>.pESf:E*;sE-Co9Ec 



|E 

"1-2 0)° 
"" o -S - 

•S O raiS 
>-.9 « 



«1 „ 



raE 

0) o 



E.£ 



I CO O M o 

: c c c 3 o 

I 0) ^ c b g- 

<fl CO co' E P 
>. c c o t ■ 

Jt (0 CO *^ OJ 

:«££«£ 

) 0)0)0)* ,-: 

' j; j; ti ♦^ 0) J5 — I 



:ijE 



) »> 



(0 



^X I r- <0 I -CO 
,f5j->'>'" '- y?'2''- 2- ~m •-■-•-- - y- y—OcOCCin- -C3)CCCtl-ooi 

coconJo-Q.nj(a.(0nitan3«j co . . o-O nj'Oco nJ nj^r- -r^ to nj tcj tj- co ' 

^ "^ o "^"^ '■£o)<^o)a)'£a)a)o> - -'^ - '^ o -^ '". so a> ^. -"T''^^ oj tu " '^. ^ 
T-W csj l-t-c\jl-l-l-l-l-l-2Z Z H r- h- h- •.- Z Q.OJ H h- H CO T- ^ 



0) 0) <s 

(D-5, Q.CO to CO ^ 

c ?o o o o a 

S S- E E £ E E 

^ O h_ ^ i_ l_ 1. 

<U <U CD 0> <U 0) (U 



- f= 






o CO 

CO 
CO o 

O C 3 S - 

1-ogo.^o 
EEESS 

CO (0 (0 (0 o 
i: i: !c !c i 



cE 

■z « 
c-c 
o o 



bS 



l2< 



OOOO O O OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO^OO OOOCvJOOOOO 



OOOOIO 

OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOIOOOOOOOOO O-'-O-t— OOOOO OOOOCO 
OOIOCOOOOCDCNJCOOCOOOOCDCOOt— OJCOOCDCOO lOCOlOCOOOOOO OOOOCO 



T-Tj-i--^ 1— T- i-cocNjcocDCD^-cN-^^m-^or^ 



coor*^oc7)cocoooo 



r--<i-oi-»- 



lo CO r^ CO r- r^ r^ CO lO CD CD CD u> IT) CO csj CM in CD CO CO CO cvj in u> cm cnj lo cm lO lo lo to -^ eoiniomc 

»-000 O O OO^-OOOt-i-O'-'-'-Ot-OO^^^ »- »- 1- t- »- t- t- •>- 1- ^T-T-f-t 



O O OOOOi- 

CD CO cjoocococn 

CD CO 1— COCOU> CO 

^ ■.- ■<t '- 



CO CO CO CO m^-r^ 

■,- -I- ^Or-^O 



ID Q 
MO 

■Q X 

°i 



0) ^=5 



-0) <» X 
Tg;g 2 



2 ■5.«'Q) 
J) ocm'cl 

.£ X) 0) 

a a sJ-i-i- 



(D ro >'P-c 

Siog^ES 
°S-SEi.2ia. 



Q. Q. 

a> 0) 



>.i_-S tlx: o E ™ 
"'^.«^:£EE§ 

0)<Dj3L:o.Cc0t: 

i- 1- t h- c: >.*- > 
<u <D o I O *; Dt; 

oO(TJcvjn3n3(0(0 
(o co^"*:^*3i:. 
a)CDcu<Da)cD0 
H I- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- H t 



CD-^ >. 

?&^ 
o.i5 « 

s2o 

O o = 

o-p nJ 









^ES 



-0) 

a.E 



2.E 

- = (» o 

I ill 

MS 

XCiJDX I 



E Ein >• 



r^s^i 



<b22 

cH- o 



o — !2. 6 o >.■>. o >■ '^ 
§ a. ot^i I i ---^^ o|| l-f 11 2! I-- -u^.| 

cc::i=i_^EEq)a)a)ajnJH!^t:5gnjnj_(i)coS<DioE 
ii)t_ I c-Q I E-51 o 

£ ££"2 "I £ £ °5 £ o 

O O Q.p — "D "O o >.'0 3 



cE — 



O 0} 

o (0 
o u 

(0 O o 

>-■>.(» 
c ^ 5 o 
(0^.2 1- 



(0(0? — bmra^CP'^*'' I CO 
O O J, >• (0 (1) (» (U (u — - -^ 

(D (D 
■DT3 
(0 (0 



;CM o-^^^r 



O-^ 



>.>. >^ >.>.>. >» >^0 CO >' 

L! i^T'C^ajajtoo) cu <D ojO'S*'' 
■I^'J^(0.ti(0(0(0(0(0<0(0<0 -hr(0 

I 0) OOCUOCBOCDCD--""' 

T-h- i-i-i-i-i-i-hhO 



33(D>,0>.>.3C >-5= 



fl)5=5=^j:0-c:^;£ (D-c-c 5-c 

(0(0(0(0(O(0(0(0-P^(0-i-g(0 



I Vt >r H 



D-54 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



)OOCOOOOOCvJOOOOOCvJOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO< 



JOO^OiOCNJf^OOOOOOO^ 



OT-^ CO T- f-CD 

miocotD co^ 



r^cDomor^O'-cocNj'^CDcocjoor^ooor^or^cDCDcor^coo^r^^cDoococncNjt-cocD^^-OTcnaaiocDco^io 



■<1- I£> T- CVJ O T 



Ti-r^-^ootNj(DtDiO'3-r~ 



I <N CT o) c«3 en CJ c 
■»-o ooo»-< 



(fl ni 

as 



Q-O 



(0 

» C (0 
<D.3 « 
C " c 

• c "'.a 

«i O T3 - 
- <-» .0.0- 

t"o o „ ,, " t). 
(0 -F ^ .y .y (0 n> 
c t 3 c c ,, ,, 
o (0 tn O O ii .y 

3 O C 3 D O O 

«^ 0) « w 2: :t: 

Q 13 13 0) OJ 3 3 

C (0 7; C C (/) (O 

0) 0) " 0) 0) <D 0) 



(0 <0 " 

>.o o 



O O O O 0). 



O 0} 



>-<sag>^9 



u» m — uj oj to Qj 

U £=17 3 =3 C C 

o (U J, o o " '" 



; (D o) 



I O I I I o o 
Q.I- Q.Q.Q.I-(- 



c c '^ o 
0) 0) ffi-g 

^ ^ ^-^ 
o"oSj£ 



10 c 

I I 



=§"2:3 

•= 3 O 



L CLt- t Q. O t D. h ( 



■= (0*; <D 

,_ 0) (D c ^ra o 

" <D oH O o OJo"— 

oJ5_ E -^-ra-k 

3 >. >. — >•>->- C p 

000 I 000$ r; 

) I- f- H Jm H I- 1- -g- 
J Q. Q. Q.CVJ Q. Q. al— H 




x.-t: » 

O JZ o 

*; Q.JZ <■> o) 
I" ma. (a c c 
O o O c ° o 

>- ai: tec 

-r :i^:§^^ E E 



oj — — — — S5 



-Eh5™3 3"E°-°-^-B-B 
•i V J> ■?>-•? ■? >-5'5-5cA 5-5 

njto -cg=3CC3333"-'. 133 

S •q-" ^ :="£ .± .1 S S 5 .-Q OT :Q :Q 

H H CNJ H H T- H cvTco H H H H H H H H W H H 



S O 






OOCOO 00 lOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCMOOOOOOOO 

oot-o 00 cjooo 00000 0000 1-0000 0000 lO 

0U500 ■>a-U> OOOi-CJOCMOO »-000 OOCOOIO miOCOO CO 

r^r^oco r^cvj lo <n to cvj o <n cm ^t co co o cd oi r^ r^ if> (o O) d i- r^ co t- 

'~ ~~ CDCOlOOOCVJOOLOCDajLOOOlOOi-COOOTi— ODCVjr^COCO 

T- lO Tt lO -a- lO -si- ■* T- ■* -^l- lO tOCOlD CMCOCDOCM 



Ot-^ o o o o o oooocoococmoooooo 
000 o o o o o oooooor-ooooooo 
<doo o o o o o oooooooct<3-ocoooiou> 



CM^CO VO CO r^ CO C3) ■*-C330C3>^U>lOm^t01/>lOr*-CO 

O COT--r-T-T-T-CJC0O5C 

T- COCOOOCOCOCOCOCDCD 



^cocoio loco CO CO lo CO uj in CO CD in c«j in CD CD CO CD CD CO CO CO CD 10 10 10 CVJ CD CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CD r- CO CO CO CO CO CO CO T- CJ OJ 



1-T-i-T- T-O T-T-»-»-^»-00^0»-0000000 OOT-t- t- 



■ o 

.— CD IM ^"C 

a.B -^ t"" E 

— C5o„.C 
-0) 5 n O 



= nJ c 0) 



C Q. 

i! E 
(ut-co^ 
I £ c c-g 

^ (0 O O o = 

£££0 



_l_ JZ o o 

CO >,Pl-.5! £.9- I »HH.e 
O o£ I -OT3T3- O I I T3 

l-l-ojcjl- K-O cocoH 



- " § " 

I "Is"? 

(D i2 C Q.Q. 

9 9 2 2 2 
i: icicle Jz 



o 



■O 0) 

>■ c 
■£ c-^ m g c 

_ CO O 0) CD Cfl"5 
oE^X S5^T3 = 

222293>.>.™ 
lclclclclc^^i:.2 
H I- H H I- 1- H 1- 1- 



T-00 o o o o o 00000000000000 



3 3 



i: >> 
><p 

stf i- 



(0 o 



■gCJ 

i '^ S-E 
' "J-co 
1 >, I >.±i 

'o"ES 

I o o 



a> « 



E=6 



CD £ 

9? S 



(1) o 

m CO 

m T3 



_««)<'> CO 



:-P o 

- CO (0 
i 3 O 

iJS'c 
■t-i- 



«-^ ><E o J, 

C m X 3 >.^ 

3/, £'o£c 

(0 CM S".g XI o 

H2 HH 



O is V- 
1- CD (u 

i: clq. 

Q. o o 
o o o 
00?; 



5 CD 5 

X.£ X 

lEl 

m^o 
^ a>^ 
10 CO 
codecs 

>. 
0) o (D 

JO t ro 
1 S I 



CD m 

« ra '^ — 

C C,„vO 



O O o 

a a s 

I J. I 

•a T3 T3 



Q. Q.Q. 
O O qCD 

'■' " ol9 
' £ ° E 

^^ CO 

I s a « 
■ -i- I £ 



co^cj 
•O PT3 
s= m ^ 

(D 10:2 CO 
T3 ^^ IJ ■ — ■ 

■a cD^rr^r 

£2 I I 

m 10 <D O 

4^ 3 C C _ 

3 o <D (U (D 

^Op: 3 3 3 

O I O O O 



o'Oo 

„ O O ™ V 

S.2^b)co 

COxjTJ , C35 

1 I <D — ■ 

c >,^-"l£ >■ 

F O CM CM O "C 



-CD -CDCOcDCDj 



't^CMCMCMt^^ 

) <D O ffl O CD 0) <D 

C C C C C C C 

CD CD CD <D (1> 0) CD 

_3 3 3 3 3 3 3 

_ , ^ ^0000000 

I- al- HHI-l-HI-HHh- 



D-55 



Appendix D 



O-'-LOCOOOODCOCO'^CDOOOOOlOr^OOOOOO 



CO CO O CO OJ CO CO CO CO 1— 1— 1— 1— CO -^ O O O T— o 



O) o m o o ooo o o o o o ooo o o oo o o o o o o o o oo 

o t- ■•— o 005CO to o lo o o o oo o uo o o o o o o o o o oo o o 

ooo o T- 'T to Lo c:^ CO CX3 oo com 05 050 o o o coo r- CO ^— o o oo 

■^ -^ ^ CD CD CO CO r^ ■'t-^ 1— iO CO ^ O -^ -^ ^ lO CD C\J -^ h-- C35 (3> -^ O CNJ lO <3) 

cococo T- T- r^ r-- CD <D lo o CO CD -^ -^ i/>LO -^ lo o-*^ -^ lo oo CO ^ CO r^ CO 



y~ T-CNJCvJCOCO lOCOCNJTTO 



■>a-o-<i- lOioLOtn 



cjcvjioi— loiou^inioi— lom^— '— T-ioiOT-ioioir)T-Locj)iot 



COlOtOCNJlOt— CVJlO^CViin^-f-lOT-LOLOCVjT-COCOlOCOCDCDlO 
,-^ ,-,-,- -^^T-T-i-^-^-i-^ T-T-^^-^-OO'- 0»- 



0.(0 

<s> <o 
c c 

■£E 

o o 
c c 

ra (0 



.*; to 
go I 



So"!? 



iS>.>, 



c c p ^S <B c -S c 



0) % 



c !5 i5 5 :9 

CD >.>,>.>■>.>. 

^^^^^^^ 

0) d) Q) 0) O 0) 



oxd'EsSc 

" "O T3 TI C C t. ■g ra o 

.£"5 ooo E E-~a) £ o 
f=oooorora>,Oo'- 

m:S 0)0)0)0)0) 0) o o o o 



is 

z£ 



.c .c x: x: .c .c ii .c ix:i:.c 
a>(i>(D0a)Q>(D(U — 0)00) 



1-HHI-HI-l-HI-HI-l-t-l-HI-l-l-h-l-H 



ra :? 0) T 

0, i:2l-o7=s 

■gaJaJOSx: o^ 
Q-Q-f .9 .9 >. i t 

CO (0 m+^-»-'*- ^l~ 

oo!=:<i)a>ii>-c — 
szsz E o o o I- <D 
±; ooo ~ 

t;i:i: 3 3 u jj-^ 
(DdjQ)^^^ oo 



£E 



»- Q.— ' 
O I O ! 
3 CI 

« P *- ' 
. Q.O ! 

8 Hh 



_2 

E Q) T3 C ° 



O) 0) 0) '£' ' 0) 

» « ro p 2 (» 2 

±i -^ ■».' -^ := <r -tr 



ID 0.0) 
C CO C 

15 I 



=S^ S-OJ! 



E5-^™£ • 

•EQ.i:OQ.ffl- 



CO-C'C O 
<1) T3 O (0 






ni (0 -^j (0 o Q 



o o 

;.Q.Q ■S"D"S C Y I O-Cl 

.oooooooooo 



SEE! 



™X1 Q.X 

o o o o 



-l-V-l-l-l-HHl-HHI-HHI-l-HHHI-HHt- 



■0 


ra 


« 


() 


3 

r 


E 


•^ 


4) 


r 


.C 





o 


() 


__ 


1 


o 



l-< 



_ __ oooo'-o oo 

^ ^ ooooooocoooo OOOOCOO T-O 

oo oocMOOOOLOooio oooomoooiooo OOOOOO OO 



OO OOOOOOOOOOO ooooooo-^ooo 
OO OOOOOOOOOOO 



OOOOOOO OOOOOOOCOOOO 

ooooooo 

OO OO^CMO 



Oi- CD CO CVJ lO CO t^ CVJ CO T- Tj- c 



,,,,,,,_.__, Tj-coco-'tcoo ocn o)o< 

CO CO C3) -^ O) CJ) (J) T- CD O) C3) O t^ (3) i- CD CO 0>fO 
- - - Tl-Tl- CJCVJCO T-OO h- 



•^lOCOCNJCO'^LOCO-^ IOC3) 

"- O) CJ) (J) T- 

I'VTCO^ 



COCDCOOO^COCDTfi— O 



coco CO in CO lO lO to IT) IT) r^ to CO CO CO CO CO CO CO lO CO CO CO CO lOtOlO^-COlO OJCg C\] CVJ CM CM CM CNJ CJ <M CM OJ CM lO »- CM CO lO lO CM 



^- T- Q t- -w- y- 1- y- Q T- Q t- ^- O ^- O O t- ■»- O O O 



E_ 

O (D 

£? 

0)0.2 
cx:.c 
ra o o 

, c^.S 



I c^— nj-a <u (B 

- y CM y 1- CM ra ro 
c; -£•(0 -iix: 

^0)CM>$OCM-t^-t.J| 

rjD I o o 1 0) 
. o 0:5 1- o o o I 
ioo^-^feoo" 

J o o^ — c ooo 

- 'i_ 'k_ 0) I— *- "^ "^ 

jl-l- c I h-Hl- 

'lira- III 

) -q- •^ .C -t '- '- CM J 

4 CM ■.- o-^-v-T-T- : 



O X 

.!5x: 
"O o 



_Q. 



2 0) P 
!5 CO 



c i: 

Eg 



■ C^-Sto 
1 a, -.5 S-O.^ 
-■ ro_L — tJ *; I 

= >, >. >.lO 



,o 

0) ^ 

o o^ 
•S o - 



0) Ott^ 

2. cm"!2 



.£ ra 



0) s 



^>> 



E.gE 



>•■£ 0)-o 0) 2 



o o o o o c 

: o t3 .o ra .o 
- .c C 1- o >- ■ 

r.2i-f7=5V< 

3HcoZ Z, 



0) = 

C >'0) _ 

? § S != I = 

0) Q.'co'S I <" 

E£>.-?.2 2 

o o 55 f^o o 
C O Q. □. o o 

O .1- O O ,»- ,1- 



0} m m 
■3B£c^ 
o YT "1:5 
•g CO m s^O) 



(0 ^ 



, , I o o 
o o O O l- 
.^ ^ 1- m O 
■§-20o3 

li: .o .o o ^ 



nJ *-' t.' 

<D jO J5 
c >•>. 

,c X X 
too 



til ":|-s'« 

goo 

O 0) o 

£ S ra o o X X 
(0 ns>,n> <o o o 

-^-^ X 0) 0) 

^■g-g o o c c 
o o Q.C c « i> 
.c j; o o o >->. 



o >< 



0) 0) Q. 3 3 t;; *; 



0> 0) 



= CLC _ 
<o (O*^ o 



— -=f ■-=-:;-= 0) 0)" 



o E 3 

^ <o o-Q 

^^ >.0J nl 0) 0) c >■ 



o D. 

c 

■0-S c 



O I O O I 1 
■ ^ CO j^^CDCD 

;.2^;.y.gio;to 

'\- CM I- H coco' 



877 

-to to, 

*.^'co- 

a cm"--' 



.c o 

■CO. 



00-sooONNQ.a 
— oo„o.oocc>.>. 

=^J^"E---:9^0 O 



ra o— Q." " 2 E-!S 

^ >>c S (5 (5 "5 ™ t 
EOmO0<i,:t-5,(i) 



m o "6 6 .2- b b 1= bbbbbbora 

r* ^ — n\ r\ n\ n\ U tn t\\ n\ n\ m n\ ni TT 



^ >s >»>»>» >^ >^ 



- o o o o I— ;d 



5 <"£ 

m? D-~___0) Y c c 

oooooE^.^J^ 

*-ia)0)fl)a)0)-Doji=i= 

° — ."D ;g ]□ p 2 :=-=-.£ .2 



D-56 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1988 



OOOOOOOOOOOCJOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO ooooo 



ooT-ooor^ooooooo 



oo ooo en 



•<d- CO CD ir> lo CD CD T- cj CO r^ CO in CO o CO t- Tf cNj lo o lo CO -^ lo 1- lo CO CD CD r^ co cd ^- r^ o C7) t— r^ cd o c\j »- co cd co 



<NU)iooj»-»-mcDCDCotocOT-coir>coiocDmir)inmir)U5cr)io cocncnc 



^>-^-T-T-T-»-000»-0«-OT-Or-0»-i-^i-T-i-T-i 



mojcDCDr^cnr-~co^.^.<f^^ 



OSCO -^ lOlO CO 
CNJ CVJ O CO CO CM 

Ln Y- CO lo to -^ 



co'^minioeo 



O^t-Ot- ,-1- ooo >-00 -r- ,-^ ,-t- t- t- Ot-t-t-^O 



0).E 

Eb 

(0 CO 



if E 



£E -Sg! 



ECO 



0) w c 
- 7=i 

iS.ef E£ 

o ro o *' 10 

c o c o o 

J. 5 .X o .i . 



a> (D o 
c c c 

I'll 
c c c 
c c c 

ffi 0) © 
0) © o 
Q.Q.Q. 



o 2 
(D 3 c -^ E o 



2P 



£^ <D o 

(D ♦- © © -Si; 
nJ r; *0 V -C >, 
CO Q.9-C0 1 

o c en S o >. 

=dE^Q._^>- 
t; T^ 7^ — — >> 5 



c-5 o " o o^ >■ 

JO — — i£±i g 

C©©©©©©o 

©^^^x:^x:l:._w_. , — „ 

a. a. a. a. a. cl Q. CL Q. a. Q. sx u> a> a> a> o 



O "S <13 

i5 ml 5 
•n: O CO o 

"^JLE 

•i5 £ -i >- s 8 

>, die n g. 



>»'C»D)Dl©©'^m 
C O O O iL 

■F©©©ilt:i-| 

tcccooo- 
ra^^ ©;cZS , 

>.>.>.>.0 O Oio 

CL Q. a Q. I I I - . . . 

iOOOOC^JC^JC^JCO."C^JC^JC^JQ.^0 



CO '^ V I i © I: C 

■^||i©22i© 

r^^^-E-.tl 5--^ «■ — -C 



-KHHHl-HI-l-HKHHHHl-HHI-l- 



">!©EEc-aS©S S 
CO to CO CO I S— n otj 

_._._._._£!._ -3 >,c 

SHHHHH >-HH3 



-gSoigm 

.E to C. -^ p la 
to-a -jo^ — h iz 
2 ^ --o ,_ o <B 

>> E r r 5 ■§ 

•C O © CO ni 

<» O '^ O *: <" "- 

1 - T3 !2 „; TJ © c 



L-ti OL© J 



©i! c c c c 



9 5.i 



:3t3 to 



ra.o o o 






) © © ©_Q. 

I to ro (0 to 



OOOOIOOOOOOOOOOO . 

otooo r^oooi^ O't tnoo m oto^-o 



lOOOOCOlOOi-Or^C3)C3)COOOO 



OOOCO O OCO ooooo OOOOO'^TOOOI^COOJOOOlOtOOCMOOO'q- 



1/) r^ CD CVJ CO CO CO CO »- en CD CD T- 1^ T- OJt-LOCT) 

O en CD 0> CO "it »- »- C3) CD O O CM O CO CMCnr^CD 

CM CO CO CM »3- "a- CO lO T- CM CVJ T- CM »- t- i- i- 



m UO O CD CM -r- CO CO CVJ CO Tt C7) T- CD O O O in O CD CO CO to CO O CO r^ '^J- to CO to CM CM 

en 1- r~ ■■- o CO CO r^ CM o r^ CO en CO 'a- ^ Ti- en M- CD CO t-~ en r~ ■^ ■<a- 05 o o o to cm cm 
un CO to in CO CO i^ T- to r^ ■*- CM f- 1— ^- f- ^-oo or^T-ocom mm i— y- 



mmmm m-^r cocor^r*-mmr*-m r^ r^r^cor^ en comcocMmmcNji^cMCMm^mmmm-»— mmmcMmcMminmcNj cnjcm^— r^ 



-OOOOi-i-Oi-O 



Oot-O OOt-O 



IE 

II 
11 

=•(0 

a> © 

ee 






© 
E_ 

o c 

Q.© 

© E^ST 

T3 3 £ 






£ © o 
© 5 — 

ill 



fE^ i 
E-i?g 

"-^ Co© 

— o © c^ 

O c X © o 



8«SS|oS|fpci. 

1 MN?J©©iioOm I 

■0>-CC°T3^0>,l S^ 

>-£ © © x) o o >• o f^ © ?• 
©>.c2<no>->- S"-2 >.>->>>. o © 




■>,>-o n 



gS-cJ,^!- 

o <1>-L_£ 
1 ^ >,>,© 
CO Oj=j:: E 
' " © © I 

©S-EE^ 



ill I 
= .£ "© c 
5 P c o 
?§^Eoo 



'B -z P 



o © 

^-J5 — "O "D © 



>.0 © (0 

2 o ro § « .5i 



o © 



© © E ^ 

W "(0 © TO © © 



^il-ISS^ills^pbe^P 

Sj:mj5.cc_-^t^O(o£ra _ t 

?E|i85 2i"'-s»'©i=i=i= 



_© © g © © © © 



c«p^ojnS'a--5)-ocg"cc|scccc 
>.s: >.Y >. >._; 0-nQ.Q.oaQ.Q.a 

©E<i>'e<"'"ocU ^ °-_ ^ °-^^ 
E-cE — EEcoooooooo 



10 nj 
OJ © 
o o © 



Ot3 tOT3 

I ©>,© 

S t^ X c 

i2 to o TO 

—■ P-C'" 



^ © 

E o."o 
.3SE 

E|-° 

©til 

E o >.j5 



TO I 2: I 

*^ CO -C^ 



CO -CO Jii 00 03 



£ .^ CM m 1— ^ CO ^.CO .i= CD CD .^ .^ 
I— CMCo"»- 



©©©©©©©©©© 

EEEEEEEEEE 



i; t TO TO TO I _- I 

^ c -fico oco a, 
© © © C c -~ - © 

Ootll'C Q) Q) ^ Q)^ >.o nj*-' 

tt°°EElE31^^S 

>. >^ >v >.*l_ 1- >.»- >»>^>»>»>.' 



o 



£--co 

= 7© 

~ > "_ 

© ^CD^^O 

"ratnj. >-(,j 

= >.;g © c 



: C>J CM •= CM .; 






e£©EiS 

t © c c c 
■^ i i: I a 



I cov, 
cm'£ 



©■^c - _ 

E to^cm'^E 



T-'Z^VcJcM'l-HI-HI-l-HHh-l-l-l-l-l- CM CM Hcjl-l-l-HHi=« m 



D-57 



Appendix D 



oor^ooooooooooooooooocviooocoooooooo ooooooooo ooooooooo tooo 

oocvjooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo Looooooooo ooooooooo I^OO 

coo(NOOooooocoioooooi/>tooooiooojinmoooir)Ooa>05cooooocooco ooooiooooo ooo 

a)<Na)r^T-f--.r-.r-r^cor~-cj-ioT3-co'*cocT>a-'a-^io^'*^TfT3-moo-<3-oor-c\jc^cocoTria'sj-LO 

CO oj r^ CO r^ r^ r^ r^ CD ^ r^ ^ ix) in Lo tn f- m t- lo lo m m m to lo cd cd -^ co co c\j cj eg cd r^ c\i t- i— co r^ uo m r^ t- i- co (o c6 r^ 

)ir) lOLO'^'a-^intOTi-CT) 



<u 

•a — 
n) m 

D) (0 



^E 



c o 

>> 



to 

>> 



I o 5 2 -5 c 

<D a) ° £ 

ra o oiJ (0 

CO CO (Q Q. 

Q<<<< 
c c c c c -^ 
EE'EEE^ 

RI nj nJ CO 03 J= 

■t "C -E -^ :S nj 




.s: c u X „, S X < . 

2 Q-^>.c o g-o) 
>->>5'-5 o o ° *^ 



'-'■(0 0) 



S o CO 



>■£ 



X o 



(D 



■^6 
"io £-3 



>.>..>.>.>. 



' '->.>.>.>. (U 



X O E CLX X C\J X X X (N C\icr> X X X X ISJ 



oooooooo 
cccccccc 
KiKiKiKiKiKihviKi 



CO c c 



Q. <A C/) 

O O O O O o 



V- eg c 

SEE 

c c c 
o o o 
u o o 



NNN 



cE 
o o 



Q2 



l-< 



OOOJOOOOroOOTOCDOOOOOI^OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCOOOOOOO ooooooo 

OOt-OOOOi-OCJO(OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOC}000<3>00000000 " ^ " ^ ~ " " 
CiJ-OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOrJ-OOOOOOOOOOOOlOOOOOOO 

■I-TtcD05■^l^'|-<Ncocol/>ln^^c^^-(X)^^oc^Jcd^-CD^cdTJ-lnc3)Oc^(3)c^JT^^nT~c^JOO^Lnoo■I-■<t■r-^olncDCD rj-coor^^-coos 



<Dr-.'>!rt'l-l-l-^^t^t^"*tl-^t^ft^^«t^'J-'riowcoriT^iv.tDCDoocr>ioaDincoir>iomcocom miOTj-ujooajio 

OOOOO000O00O000O0000O000000t-t-0'-O0OOOt-i-Oi— Ot-t-^OOt- i-7-^i-00»- 



:;-;B^r-(D 



- -,- - ^ o 



¥1 



^ ""pj^. 



o ^;:: 

"(0 >-(D 



"S *- >«o 

"S CD xo 
0_ CD 

■fecoE£ 

-CT3'Y CD 

"^---^^ 

S™co-j= 

•n^ — CO 



p,^:,^"'-'- 



"El 

c c ■►^ . 



I a> (D <D a> (D (D 
icammcomm 



I T- m "o '- CO r~ oD ^ 

> C C c c c c c 

% % 2 0) 0) CD (U 

o o o £ £ 2 s; 



"J CO "o "5 -n ■?; T! 



"o o g 
>> 



,^^^^^^^^^^^^^H^ 0)0) 



O - CD CD 

cno^E 

(D a> Q) 

>>>>> 



o I'g- :== 

) (D iS iS 1 -c -c ^ S 
' m (0 CO ja o o >-:c 



El 

°4 



0) cQ m 

— ^-5- 

g Co 1- „ CO 

9-cj 0.0) £ *; 
o « o E fe g 



0) CD (D 0) 0) 

o o ?o O O i- 

c ci: c c c 0) m ^ 



>> 



i! O 
JZ 13 

o q: 
0) <u 
c c 

0) 0) 

o >.■>.■>.■>.■>.■>.■>.>.">. 



=OT3 '"'OTITafS.C 

a)Q)*-»-.£»-t-t-^coc/) 
.E .£>.>. E >.>->. "I 0) 5- 

XJ"OQ.Q.(OaQ.Q.(oCo 

■r- -r- , , — , , I g 0, ^ 






; =1 »: 



>.>.>.>,a) >.>->.._»- ._ 

.cccgEEEE ^ 

= 1111111 >:c=C 



D-58