Skip to main content

Full text of "Synthetic organic chemicals"

I.IH'. 

SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 9999 06317 170 4 
United States Production 
and Sales, 1990 



(Investigation No. 332-135) 










"'^^">. 

^ 



m. 






*if 



JFEB ^1992 



BOSTbN Put-IC LIBRARY 



USITC PUBLICATION 2470 
DECEMBER 1991 



United States International Trade Commission 
Washington, DC 20436 




UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION 



COMMISSIONERS 

Anne E. Brunsdale, Acting Chairman 

Seeley G. Lodwick 

David B. Rohr 

Don E. Newquist 

Carol T. Crawford 

Janet A. Nuzum 



Office of Operations 
Charles W. Ervin, Director 



Office of Industries 
Robert A. Rogowsky. Director 



This report was prepared principally by Cynthia B. Foreso, 
Jesse Lawrence Johnson, Dr. Aimison Jonnard, Eric Land, 
Edward Matusik, David Michels, Elizabeth R. Nesbilt, James Raftcry, 
Edward J. Taylor, Cynthia Trainor, and Steve Wanser. 

Assistance in ihc preparation of the report was provided by 

Kenneth R. Kozel, Owen L. Bennett, Brenda Cairoli, Elaine T. Freeman, 

Lemuel Shields, and Darlene Smith. Data Processing was provided by 

Barbara Bobbin, James Gill, and Marie Jagannathan. 

Electronic publishing and design was provided by Pamela Chase, 

Keven Blake, Joyce Bookman, and Pauleiic Henderson. 



Address all coiiimunicatiuns tu 

Kt nneth R. Mason, Secretary to the Cominission 

United States International Trade Commission 

Washington, DC 20436 



UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

United States Production and Sales, 1990 



USITC Publication 2470 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

CONTENTS 

Page 

Introduction 1 

Summary 3 

General 5 

Sections 

1. Coal tar, tar crudes and pilches 1-1 

2. Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion 2-1 

3 Cyclic intermediates 3-1 

4. Dyes 4-1 

5. Organic pigments 5-1 

6. Medicinal chemicals 6-1 

7. Flavor and perfume materials 7-1 

8. Plastics and resin materials 8-1 

9. Rubber-processing chemicals 9-1 

10. Elastomers 10-1 

11. Plasticizers 11-1 

12. Surface-active agents 12-1 

13. Pesticides and related products 13-1 

14. Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products 14-1 

15. Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 15-1 

Appendixes 

A. Directory of manufacturers A-1 

B. Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names B-1 

C. Synthetic Organic Chemicals, U.S. production and sales, 

1990, harmonized system basis C-1 

D. Alphabetical chemical index D-1 



jymncuL wrguniL i^nerrucaii, lyyu 



Introduction 

This is the 74th annual repon of the U.S. 
International Trade Commission on domestic 
production and sales of synthetic organic chemicals 
and the raw materials from which they are made. The 
report, along with the quarterly report titled 
Preliminary Report on U.S. Production of Selected 
Synthetic Organic Chemicals (Including Synthetic 
Plastics and Resin Materials), is prepared under 
investigation No. 332-135, Synthetic Organic 
Chemicals Reports. This investigation is conducted 
under the authority of section 332(g) of the Tariff Act 
of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1322(g)). for the purpose of 
collecting data and preparing public reports on 
synthetic organic chemicals, plastics materials, 
medicinal chemicals, pesticides, and other organic 
chemical products. The annual report consists of 15 
sections, each covering a specified group (based 
principally on use) of organic chemicals as follows: 
Coal tar, tar crudes and pitches; primary products from 
petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion; 
cyclic iniermediates; dyes; organic pigments; medicinal 
chemicals; flavor and perfume materials; plastics and 
resin materials; rubber-processing chemicals; 
elastomers; plasticizers; surface -active agents; 
pesticides aiKl related products; miscellaneous end-use 
chemicals and chemical products; and miscellaneous 
cyclic and acyclic chemicals. Data have been supplied 
by approximately 670 producers. 

Each of the 15 sections is headed by a summary of 
the statistical data. The first table in each section gives 
statistics on products and groups of products in as great 
detail as is possible without revealing the operations of 
individual producers. Statistics for an individual 
chemical or group of chemicals are given only when 
there are three or more producers, no one or two of 
which may be predominant Moreover, even when 
there are three or more producers, statistics are not 
given if there is any possibility that their publication 
would violate the statutory provisions relating to 
unlawful disclosure of information accepted in 
confidence by the Commission.' 

Data are reported by producers for only those items 
where the volume of production or sales or value of 
sales exceeds certain minimums. Those minimums are 
450 kilograms of production or sales or $ 1 ,0(X) of value 
of sales for organic pigments, medicinal chemicals, 
flavor and perfume materials, rubber-processing 
chemicals, elastomers, and those chemicals whose 
end-use is not readily determinable; 2,250 kilograms or 
$5,000 for coal tar, tar crudes and pitches, primary 
products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical 
conversion, dyes, plasticizers, surface-actjve agents, 
and pesticides; 4,500 kilograms or 510,000 for cyclic 
intermediates and miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic 
chemicals; 9,000 kilograms or 520,000 for 
miscellaneous end-use chemicals and products; and 
22,500 kilograms for 550,000 for plastics materials. 
Data are usually supplied in terms of undiluted 
materials; however, for reporting purposes, products of 
95 percent or greater purity are considered to be 



' 18 use w 1905 atxj 44 US C w 3508 



100 percent pure. Commercial concentrations are 
applicable for dyes, certain plastics and resins, and a few 
solvents; such concentrations are specifically noted. 

The statistics given in this report include data from 
all known domestic producers of the items covered and 
include the total output of each company's plants, i.e., 
the quantities produced for consumption within the 
producing plant, as well as the quantities produced for 
domestic and foreign sale. The quantities reported as 
produced, therefore, generally exceed the quantities 
reported as sold. Some of these differences, however, 
are attributable to changes in inventory. 

The second table in each section lists all items for 
which data on production or sales have been reported, 
by primary manufacturers, identified by manufacturers' 
codes. Each code consists of not more than three 
capital leuers and is assigned on a permanent basis. 

The third table in each section is a directory, 
alphabetized by the codes of the manufacturers 
reporting in that section. 

Appendix A is a directory, alphabetized by the 
names of the manufacturers reporting in all sections 
and which includes their general corporate phone 
numbers and office addresses. 

Appendix B lists synonymous names for cyclic 
iniermediates. Information on synonymous names of 
the organic chemicals included in this repon may be 
found in the SOCMA Handbook: Commercial Organic 
Chemical Names, published by the Chemical Abstracts 
Service of the American Chemical Society, or the 
Colour Index (Revised Third Edition), published 
jointly by the Society of Dyes and Colourists and the 
American Association of Textile Chemists and 
Colorists. 

Appendix C presents the data in this report 
aggregated in the format of the Harmonized System 
(HS) nomenclature on a 6-digit HS basis. 

Appendix D is an alphabetical index of all the 
products in this edition of the report. 

Data contained in this report are compiled 
primarily from Commissions questionnaires sent to 
domestic producers and represent the best data 
available to the Commission. While the data supplied 
in the questionnaires are checked against data 
previously supplied by the submitting firm and with 
data supplied by other domestic producers, data are not 
independently verified by direct Commission 
examination of the books of companies furnishing 
information. Data contained in this report should not 
be used for investment and other purposes without 
independent verification. 

As specified in the reporting instructions sent to 
manufacturers, production and sales (unless otherwise 
specified) arc defined as follows: 

Production is the total quantity of a commodity made 
available by Original Manufacturers Only within 
the customs territory of the United States (includes 
the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto 
Rico). It covers synthetic organic chemicals, 
specified crudes from petroleum and coal tar, and 
certain chemically described natural products, such 
as, alkaloids, enzymes, and perfume isolates. It is the 
sum — expressed in terms of 100 percent active 
ingredient unless otherwise specified in the reporting 
instructions — of the quantities: 



Introduction 



Produced, separated, and consumed in the same 
plant or establishment. A Commodity is 
considered separated either when it is 
isolated from the reactive sytem or when it 
is not isolated, but weighed, analyzed, or 
otherwise measured. This includes 

by-products and co-products that are not 
classifiable as waste materials; 

Produced and not isolated, but directly 
converted to a fmished or semifinished item 
not included in this report (e.g., polyester 
film, polyurethane tires, nylon fiber, bar 
soap, etc.). (See specific instructions in 
individual sections); 

Produced and transferred to other plants or 
establishments of the same firm or 
1(X) percent owned subsidiaries or affiliates; 

Produced and sold to, or bartered with, other 
firms (including less than 100 percent 
owned subsidiaries); 

Produced for others under toll agreements (see 
general instructions); 

Produced and held in stock. 

PRODUCTION EXCLUDES: 

Purification of a commodity, which is purchased 
by, or transferred from within, the company, 
unless inclusion of such processing is 
specifically requested in the reporting 
instructions for individual sections; 

Intermediate products which are formed in the 
manufacturing process, but are not isolated 
from the reaction system — that is, not 
weighed, analyzed, or otherwise measured; 
except such products as described above as 



being produced and not isolated, but directly 
converted lo a finished or semifinsihed item. 



Materials that are used in the process but 
which are recovered for re-use or sale; 

Waste products having no economic 
significance. 

SALES are actual quantities of commodities sold by 
Original Manufacturers Only. Sales include the 
quantity and value of: 

Shipments of a commodity for domestic use or 
for export, or segregation in a warehouse 
when title has passed to the purchaser in a 
bona fide sale; 

Shipments of a commodity produced for you by 
others under toll agreement; 

Shipments to subsidiary or affiliated companies, 
provided the ownership is less than 100 
percent. 

SALES EXCLUDE: 

All intra-company transfers within a corporate 
entity; 

All shipments to 100 percent owned subsidiary 
or affiliated companies; 

All resales of imported or purchased material, 
including materials obtained by barter. 

All shipments of commodity produced for 
others under toll agreements. 

VALUE OF SALES is the net dollar receipts of sales 
f.o.b. plant or warehouse, or delivered. F.o.b. values 
are preferred, but if they are not readily available form 
your records, delivered values are acceptable. 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



Summary 

Combined production of all synihetic organic 
chemicals and primary products from petroleum and 
natural gas in 1990 was 179,546 million kilog 
rams — an increase of 3.7 percent from the output in 
1989 (which also included data on tars) (table 1). Sales 
of these materials in 1990, which totaled 101,624 
million kilograms, valued at S93,092 million, were 3.2 
percent larger than in 1989 in terms of quantity and 3.2 
percent less in terms of value. These figures include 
data on production and sales of chemicals measured at 
several successive steps in the manufacturing process, 
and, therefore, they necessarily reflect some 
duplication. During 1986-90, the total output of these 
products rose each year since 1986 (figure 1). During 
that period the output of these products generally 
followed the trend of the Federal Reserve Board Index 
of U.S. Production, except for 1989. 

In 1990, production of all synthetic organic 
chemicals, including cyclic intermediates and finished 
products totaled 126,981 million kilograms, or 4.6 



percent more than the output in 1989. Eight sections 
showed an increase in production in 1990 over 1989. 
Surface-active agents (3,795 million kilograms) 
increased by 23.0 percent; plastics and resin materials 
(30,053 million kilograms) increased by 11.3 percent; 
miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical 
products (14,992 million kilograms) increased by 11.0 
percent; medicinal chemicals (144 million kilograms) 
increased by 10.8 percent; elastomers (synthetic 
rubber) (2,233 million kilograms) increased by 6.8 
percent; organic pigments (53 million kilograms) 
increased by 4.4 percent; miscellaneous cyclic and 
acyclic chemicals (49,912 milhon kilograms) increased 
by 2.1 percent; rubber-processing chemicals (179 
million kilograms) increased by 1.6 percent; of the 
remaining sections, dyes (117 million kilograms) 
showed a decreased of 32.8 percent; plasticizers (891 
million kilograms) decreased 8.8 percent; flavor and 
perfumes materials (60 million kilograms) decreased 
6.8 percent; cyclic intermediates (23,996 million 
kilograms) decreased 3.1 percent; pesticides and 
related products (557 million kilograms) decreased 2.7 
percent in 1990 from that in 1989. 



Table 1 

Synthetic organic chemical* and their raw material*: U.S.productlon and *ale«, 1989 and 1990 

Sales 

Production Quantity Value 

Increase Increase 

or or 

Decrease decrease 

(-). 1990 (■). 1990 

over over 

Chemical 1989 1990 1989' 1989 1990 1969' 1989 

Million Million Million Million Million 

kilograms kilograms Percent kilograms kilograms Percent dollars 

Grand total 172.977 179.546 3.7 98.382 101,624 32 96.071 

Tar 857 843 Ti (2) F) (^) W 

Pnmary products from 

petroleum 

and natural gas 50.742 51.722 19 27,834 26.914 -3 3 11.369 

Synthebc organic chemicals. 

totalV 121.378 126.981 4 6 70,548 74.710 58 84.702 

Cyclic intermediates 24,756 23.996 -3 1 12,371 11.866 -4 1 10.284 

Dyes 174 117 -32 8 146 104 -28 7 858 

Organic pigments . . 50 53 4 4 43 45 3 6 702 

Medianal chemicals 130 144 108 204 107 -47 3 1,988 

Flavor and pertvjme 

matenals 64 60 -6 8 38 37 -5 1,005 

Plastics and resin 

matenals 26.995 30,053 113 23.819 25.729 80 32,180 

Rubber-processing 

chemicals 176 179 16 129 136 59 473 

Elastomer (synthetic 

njbber) 2,091 2,233 68 1.395 1,555 115 2,872 

Plasnazers 976 891 -8 8 837 827 -12 1,046 

Surlace-active agents 3.085 3,795 23 1,724 1.930 12 2.086 

Pesticides and related 

products 572 557 -2 7 461 442 -4 3 5.203 

Miscellaneous end-use 

chemicals and chemical 

products 13.503 14.992 110 9.278 10.737 15 7 9.759 

Miscellaneous cyclic 

and acydic chemicals 48.871 49.912 2 1 20.167 21.197 5 1 16.270 

' Percentage calculated from figures rounded to thousands 

^ Not available 

■• Because of rounding, figures may not add to the totals shown 
Note —Data tor 1988 ■ 1990 do not include ethane, propane, and butane production 
Source Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the US Intemaoonal Trade Commission. 



Increase 



1990 



(-). 1990 

over 

1989' 



Million 

dollars Percent 



93,092 -32 



(^) (^) 



11,206 -14 



81,886 

10,981 

775 

717 

2,169 


-3.4 
68 
-96 
22 
9 1 


992 


-14 


30,529 


-5 1 


458 


-32 


3,128 

967 

2,193 


89 
-7.6 
5 1 


4,774 


-82 


9.711 


-0.5 


14,492 


-11.0 



Summary 

Figure 1-1 

Synthetic organic chemicals and their raw materials, total production, vs FRB industrial 

production Index 




r 120 



•100 



80 



60 



40 



• 20 



1986 



1987 



1988 



1989 



1990 



Source: Production, US. International Trade Commission, Synthetic Organic Chemicals: United States 
Production and Sales: FRB Industrial Production index. The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System 



Syniheiic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



General 

In this report, syniheiic organic chemicals are 
classified on the basis of iheir principal use as follows: 
Cyclic intemiediaies, dyes, organic pigments, 
medicinal chemicals, flavor and perfume materials, 
plastics and resin materials, rubber-processing 
chemicals, elastomers (synthetic rubber), plasticizers, 
surface-active agents, pesticides and related products, 
miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical 
products, and miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic 
chemicals. Most of ihese groups are further subdivided 
either by use or by chemical composition. As 
intermediates, chemicals are used in the manufacture of 
finished products, aggregate figures thai cover both 
intermediates and finished products necessarily include 
considerable duplication. 

Total production of synthetic organic chemicals 
(intermediates and finished products combined) in 
1990 was 126,981 million kilograms, or 4.6 percent 
more than the output of 121,378 million kilograms 
reported for 1989, and 60.4 percent more than the 
output of 79,144 million kilograms reported in 1977 
(see table 2). Sales of synthetic organic chemicals in 



1990 amounted to 74,710 million kilograms, valued at 
S81,886 million, compared with 70,548 million 
kilograms, valued at $84,702 million, in 1989, and 
44,378 million kilograms, valued at 532,434 million, in 
1977. Production of all cyclic (ring chemical structure) 
products (miermediaies and finished products 
combined) in 1990 totaled 38,823 million kilograms, or 
0.2 percent less than the 38,895 million kilograms 
reported for 1989, and 122.4 percent more than the 
17,451 million kilograms reported for 1977; however, 
the transfer of eight items, in 1979, from the primary 
products from petroleum and natural gas section to the 
section on cyclic intermediates has caused the output of 
cyclic products to appear much higher in relation to 
1977 than would otherwise have resulted. Production 
of all acyclic (linear or branch chemical structure) 
products in 1990 totaled 85,925 million kilograms, or 
6.8 percent more than the 80,392 million kilograms 
reported for 1989, and 45.4 percent more than the 
59,057 million kilograms reported for 1977. 
Differences in trends between cyclic and acylic 
products reflect the aggregation of changes in usage of 
individual chemicals rather than preferences for cyclic 
versus acyclic chemicals. 



Table 2 

Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary U.S. production and sales of intermediates and finished products, 

1977, 1989, and 1990 

(Production and sales in thousands ol kilograms: sales value in thousands ol dollars) 



Increase or decrease (-) 



Chemicals 1977^ 

Organic chemicals, cydlc and 
acydlc, total: 

Producton 79.144.460 

Sales 44.378.105 

Sales value 32.434,301 

Cyclic, total:' 

Production 17.451.083 

Sales 10.833.542 

Sales value 13,410.029 

Acyclic, total:' 

Production 59,056.510 

Sales 31,649,694 

Sales value 17.084,012 

1. Cyclic Inlermadlatea 

Production 8,493,888 

Sales 3,622,331 

Sales value 2,596,627 

2. Dyes 

Production 119.917 

Sales 115.448 

Sates value 689.992 

3. Organic Pigment* 

Production 31 .165 

Sates 26.052 

Sates value 267.747 

4. Medicinal Chemicals 

Cydlc: 

Production 69.819 

Sates 37.914 

Sates value 718.392 

Acvdic: 

Production 39.377 

Sates 35,743 

Sates value 75,626 

See lotenotes at end ol tabte. 



1990 



1990 over 
1977 



1990 over 
1989 



121,378.075 
70.548,189 
84,702,188 


126,980.989 
74,710.337 
81.885,632 


604 
68.3 
1524 


46 
58 
-34 


38,895.104 
23,577.601 
38.189.601 


38,823.382 
23.567.459 
37.221.177 


122 4 
1175 
177.5 


-02 
-01 
-26 


80.391,891 
45,575,686 
43,640,346 


85.924,531 
49,587,756 
41,536.592 


454 
566 
143 1 


6.8 
8.8 
-49 


24,755,837 
12,370,861 
10,283,993 


23.995.795 
11.865,617 
10.980,553 


1825 
2276 
3229 


-3.1 
-4 1 
68 


174,358 
145,757 
857.554 


117,135 
103.897 
775.352 


-23 
•100 
12 4 


-328 

-287 

-96 


50.360 
43.236 
701,552 


52.551 
44.773 
717.194 


686 
71 9 
1679 


44 
36 
22 


95,672 

153,166 

1,782,033 


119.726 

65,847 

1.867,993 


71 4 
73 6 
160 


25 1 

-57.1 

48 


34.654 

50,447 
205,486 


24,615 

41,400 

301,351 


-375 

158 

2985 


-290 

-17.9 
46.7 



General 



Table 2— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary U.S. production and sales of intermediates and finished products, 

1977, 1989, and 1990 

(Production and sales in thousands of kilograms; sales value in thousands of dollars) 



Chemicals 


1977' 


1989 


Increase or decrease (■) 

1990 over 
1990 1977 


1990 over 
1989 


5. Flavors and Perfume Materials 

Cydic; 

Production 

Sales 


26,514 
21.232 
134,628 

41,715 
27,559 
72.473 

4.899.932 
4,284,062 
4,275,111 

10.804.977 
9.232,677 
6,606.712 


38,097 

27.502 

908.457 

26,227 
10,918 
96,786 

8,017,658 
6,955,265 
13,065,234 

18.977,823 
16.864,135 
19.115.146 

155.035 
108.721 
429.565 

20.830 
20.125 
43.327 

2,091,080 
1,394,902 
2,872,241 

734,653 
634,202 
703,942 

241,738 
202,387 
341,585 

1,347168 
911,195 
743,088 

1,738.206 

812.840 

1.342,759 

365.900 

286.745 

3,639,436 

206,486 

174.427 
1,563,346 


39.514 

27867 

909,620 

20,417 

8,647 

81,992 

8,925.713 
7512.789 
12.394.918 

21.127193 
18.215.939 
18.134.437 

138.426 
104.280 
413.253 

40.181 
32.131 
44.399 

2.233.076 
1.555.122 
3.127863 

640,099 
644,104 
665,385 

250,619 
182,423 
301,132 

1,263.291 

1.018.716 

813.759 

2.531.363 

911.544 

1.379.089 

361.202 

280.112 

3,366.910 

195,673 

161,453 

1,407435 


49.0 

31.3 

575.7 

-51.1 
-68.6 
13.1 

82.1 
75.3 
189.9 

95.5 
97.2 
174.4 

-9.1 
13.7 
66.1 

90.6 
97.7 
53.1 

-15.4 
-17.9 
61.2 

0.3 

2.1 

40.1 

435 
450 
91 1 

<^ 
(*) 





^.0 
-10.7 
102.3 

-22 7 
-37.8 
230 


3.7 
1.3 
0.1 


Acydic: 

Production 

Sales 


-22.2 
-20.8 
-15.3 


6. Plastics and Resin Materials 

Cydic: 

Production 

Sales 


11.3 
8.0 
-5.2 


Acydic: 

Production 

Sales 


11.3 
8.0 
-5.2 


7. Rubber-Processing Chemicals 

Cydic: 
Sales 


152.204 
91.740 
248.756 


-10.8 
-4.1 
-3.8 


Acydic: 

Production 

Sales 

8. Elastomers (Synthetic Rubber) 

Production 

Sales 


21.076 
16,254 
29.009 

2,636,867 
1,894.869 
1 ,940.260 


92.9 

59.7 

2.5 

6.7 
11.5 
8.9 


9. Plastlcizers 

Cydic: 

Production 

Sales 


638.249 
630.645 
474.781 


-12.9 
1.6 
-5.5 


Acydic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

10. Surface-Active Agents 

Cydic:' 
Production 


174,615 
125.784 
157549 

448.863 
212.933 


3.7 
-99 

-11.8 

-6.2 
11.8 




200.244 


9.5 


Production 

Sales 


1,691,285 
927,674 
674 778 


45.6 
12.1 
27 


11. Pesticides and Related Products 

Cydic 

Production 

Sales 


376,276 

313,520 

1 ,664,008 


-1.3 
-2.3 
-7.5 


Acydic 


253,099 


-5.2 


Sales 


259,376 


-7.4 




1.144,265 


-100 









See toter>otes ai end ot table 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



Tablo 2— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicais: Summary U.S. production and sales of intermediates and finished products, 

1977, 1989, and 1990 

(Production and sales in thousands of kilograms: sales value in thousands of dollars) 



Chemicals 



1977' 



1989 



Increase or decrease (■) 



1990 



1990 over 
1977 



1990 over 
1989 



12. MIscellaneou* End-Use Chemicalu 
nd Chemical Product 

Cydic: 

Production 1,252,527 1,592,471 1,469,599 17.3 -7.7 

Sales 1,004,105 1,205,851 1,126.028 12.1 -6.6 

Sales value 1,479,800 3,606,757 2,831,664 91.4 -21.5 

Production 7,523,638 11.910,252 13,522,424 79.7 13.5 

Sales 3.919.801 8,072.193 9.610,721 145.2 19.1 

Sales value 1,067.681 6,152.720 6.879.700 544.4 11.8 

13. MIscellaneou* Cyclic and 
Acyclic Chemical* 

Cydic: 

Production 941,729 1.567.895 1.700.331 80.5 8.4 

Sales 473,560 735,100 773,429 63.3 5.2 

Sales value 659,943 1,467,990 1,484.576 124.9 1.1 

Acydic: 

Production 38.506.728 47.235.675 48,212,046 25.2 2.0 

Sales 17.104,826 19,368,214 20,423,498 19.4 5.4 

Sales value 7,255,919 14,779,191 13,007,057 79.2 -12.0 

' Standard reference t)ase period for Federal Government general-purpose index numbers. 
^ Does not include data tor elastomers 
'' Indudes ligninsulfonates. 

* The data for 1977 are not comparable with current data as a result of a change in accounting procedures. 
Source: Compiled from data received In response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission 

The following labuiaiion shows, by chemical groups, the number of companies that reported production in 1990 of 
one or more of the chemicals included in each group. 



Number of 

Chemical group companies 

Cyclic inlemiediales 163 

Dyes 33 

Organic pigmeras 34 

Medicinal diemicals 79 

Ravor and perfume materials 29 

Plastics and resins materials 237 

Rut>ber-processing chemicals 21 



NunU>erof 

Chemical group companies 

Elasloniers (synthetic rubber) 28 

Plasiicizers 45 

Surface -active agents 1 45 

Pesticides and related produas 61 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and 

chemicals products 1 54 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic 

chemicals 234 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



Section 1 
Coal Tar, Tar Crudes and Pitches 

Coal tar is produced chiefly by the steel industry as 
a by-product of the manufacture of coke; water-gas tar 
and oil-gas tar are produced by the fuel-gas industry. 
Production of coal tar, therefore, depends on the 
demand for steel; production of water-gas tar and 
oil-gas tar reflects the consumption of manufactured 
gas for industrial and household use. Water-gas and 
oil-gas tars have properties intermediate between those 
of petroleum asphalts and coal tar. Petroleum asphalts 
are not usually considered to be raw materials for 
chemicals. 

The U.S. International Trade Commission began 
collecting data on crude coal tar for the 1986 reponing 
year. In 1990, U.S. production of crude coal tar was 
597 million liters. Production of crude light oil was 
255 million liters in 1990. 

Tar crudes are obtained from coke-oven gas and by 
distilling coal tar, water-gas tar, and oil-gas tar. The 
most important tar crudes are benzene, toluene, xylene, 
creosote oil, and pitch of tar. Some of these products 



are identical with those obtained from petroleum. Data 
for materials obtained from petroleum are included, for 
the most part, with the statistics for like materials 
obtained from coke-oven gas and tars, and are shown in 
table 1-1. 

The domestic production by coke-oven operators of 
industrial and specification grades of benzene, toluene 
and xylene cannot be published since to do so would 
disclose the operations of individual companies. Some 
of the products obtained from tar and included in the 
statistics in table 1 - 1 are obtained from other products 
for which data are also included in the table. The 
statistics, therefore, involve considerable duplication, 
and for this reason no group totals or grand totals are 
given. 

Table 1-2 hsis the products reported in this section 
and indicates the manufacturer(s) of each by code. 
These codes are identified by company name in table 
1-3. 

Data for 1990 tar crudes were supplied by 25 
companies and company divisions. 

Cynthia B. Foreso 
202-205-3348 



Figure 1-1 

Crude Coal tar: U.S. production, 1986-90 

Millions 
of liters 

800 



700 




1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



M 



Section 1 



Table 1-1 

Coal tar, tar crudes, and pitches: U.S. production and sales, 1990 



Unit of 



Coal tar, tar crudes ar)d pitches 



Crude coal tar 

(coke-oven operators) 1 .000 liters 

Crude light oil: 

(coke-oven operators) 1 ,000 liters 

Light-oil distillates: 

Benzene, all grades, totaP 1 .000 liters 

Coke-oven operators 1 .000 liters 

Petroleum refiners 1,000 liters 

Toluene, all grades, total* 1 .000 liters 

Coke-oven operator 1 .000 liters 

Petroleum refiners 1 ,000 liters 

Xylene, all grades, total' 1 .000 liters 

Coke-oven operators 1 .000 liters 

Petroleum refiners 1 .000 liters 

Other tar distillates 1 .000 liters 

Crude naphthalene 1 .000 liters 

(solidifying at 76°C to less 
than yg'C) 

Crude tar acid oils 1 .000 liters 

(having a tar acid content 
of 5% to less than 24%) 
Creosote oil (Dead oil) (100 percent 
aeosote basis): 
Distillate as such (100 percent 

creosote basis) 1 .000 liters 

Creosote in coal tar solution 

(100 percent solution basis) 1 .000 liters 

Tar and tar pitches: 

Pitch of tar - Hard 1 .000 metric 

tons 





Sales 




Average 
Unit 


Production 


Quantity 


Value 


value' 






1.000 








Dollars 




596.762 


481.843 


49,252 


$0.10 


254.902 


255.494 


45.440 


.18 


C) 


(') 


f) 


e) 


e) 


(') 


e) 





6.421.078 


4.072,402 


1.596,254 


.39 


e) 


e) 


(') 


e) 


C) 


f) 


e) 





3,248,838 


1.830,999 


557.575 


.30 





e) 


C) 


{') 


e) 


e) 


C) 


e) 


3.083,285 


1 .440.573 


429,503 


.30 


415.598 


271.768 


44,356 


.16 


110,314 


(') 


{') 


C) 



8.726 



8,047 



2,145 



.27 



237,310 


145,952 


25,331 


.17 


59,248 


117,769 


16,880 


.14 


615 


652 


120.932 


185.50 



' Unit value per liter or metric ton as specified. 

* Includes data tor material produced for use in blending motor fuels. The annual production statistics for 
petroleum refiners on benzene, toluene, and xylene are not comparable with the combined monthly production figures 
because of fiscal year revisions. 

^ Statistics cannot be published; to do so wouM disclose the operations of individual companies. 
Note. — Statistics for materials produced in tar and petroleum refineries are compiled by the U.S. International Trade 
Commission. Data for all other tars and tar crudes are not included in the 1990 report tMcause publication would 
disck>se the operations of individual companies. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



1-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 1-2 

Coal tar, tar crudes and pitches for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 
manufacturer, 1990 



Coal tar, tar crudes and pitches 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' ider)tificatior) codes 
(according to list in table 1-3) 



Light oil, light oil distillates, and tar bases: 

Crude coal tar Yes 



Crude light oil Yes 



Light oil distillates: 
Benzene (benzol): 

Tar bases: crude bases (Dry basis) No 

Toluene (toluol): 

Toluene (Toluol) other grades No 

All other: 

All other light-oil distillates No 

Other tar distillates: 
Naphthalene, crude: 

Methylnaphthaiene No 

Naphthalene, crude, solidifying at less than 74° C . . No 
Naphthalene, crude, solidifying at 76° C to less 

than 79° C Yes 

Crude tar acid oils: 
Crude tar acid oils having a tar acid content of: 5 

percent to less than 24 percent Yes 

Creosote oil (dead oil): 
Creosote oil (Dead oil): creosote content in 

solution (100 Percent basis) No 

Creosote oil (Dead oil): creosote in coal tar 

solution <100 Percent solution basis) Yes 

Creosote oil (Dead oil): distillate as such (100 

Percent creosote basis) Yes 

All other distillate products: 

Crude coal tar solvent No 

Priming and refractory oil No 

All other tar distillates No 

Tar and tar pitches: 
Tar, road: 

Tar, road No 

Tar for other uses: 

Tar lor other uses: crude No 

Tar tor other uses: refined No 

Pitch of tar: 

Pitch of tar: hard (MP 1 61° F and Over) Yes 

Pitch of tar: medium (t^.P 110° To 160° F) fio 

Pitch of tar: soft (MP 80° To 109° F) No 

All other: 
All other pitch of tar No 



ABP, ALS, CGU, DTR, EKO, GSS, IL». INL. 

KPT, LTV, NBC, NTS, SGO, TWO, USX. 

WPS. 
ABP, ALS, BTS, CGU, EKO, GSS, ILf, INL, 

KPT, LTV, NBC, NTS, SGO. TWD, USX, 

WPS. 



KPT USX. 
EEP 
LYP, NTS. 



KPT 

BTS. COP, GSS. 

ACS, ART KPT 



ACS. INL, KPT NTS. 

ey 

ACS, ART COP. KPT {% 

ACS, ART KPT (^. 

KPT 

BTS, KPT 
ACS, GIV 

ACS, {'). 

ALS, BTS. 

ACS, COP KPT {')■ 

ACS, COP, KPT (2). 
ART C). 
ART COP. 

WPS. 



' Chemicals for which separate statistic^ are reported in this section are indicated by yes.' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'no.' 

' The manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated products. 
Source: Compiled from d^ta received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



1-3 



Section I 

Table 1-3 

Coal tar, tar crudes and pitches: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1990 



Code 



Name of company 



Code Name o1 company 

ILI Acme Steel Corp. 

INL Inland Steel Co. 

KPT Kopper Industries 

LTV LTV Steel Co. 

LYP Lyondell Petrochemical Co. 

NBC New Boston Coke Corp. 

NTS National Steel Corp., Great Lakes Div. 

SGO Shenango, Inc. 

TWD Tonawanda Coke Corp. 

USX U.S. Steel. Div. of USX 

Chemical Div. 

Gary Works 

WPS Wheeling-Pittsburg Steel Corp. 



ABP Drummond Co. Inc. 

ACS Allied Signal. Inc.. Engineered Materials 

Sector 

ALS Armco, Inc. 

ART Aristech Chemical Corp. 

BTS Bethlehem Steel Corp. 

CGU Citizen Gas And Coke Utility 

COP Coopers Creek Chemical Corp. 

DTR Detroit Coke Corp. 

EEP Furon 

EKO Empire Coke Co. 

GIV Givaudan Corp. 

GSS Gulf States Steel 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S International Trade Commission. 



1-4 



Section 2 

Primary Products from 

Petroleum and Natural Gas for 

Chemical Conversion 

Primary products that are derived from petroleum 
and natural gas are related to the intermediates and 
finished products made from such primary materials in 
much the same way that crude products derived from 
the distillation of coal tar' are related to their 
intermediates and finished products. Many of the 
primary products derived from petroleum are identical 
with those derived from coal tar (e.g., benzene, toluene, 
and mixed xylenes). Considerable duplication exists in 
the statistics on the production and sales of primary 
petroleum products because some of these primary 
chemicals are converted to other primary products 
derived from petroleum and because data on some 
production and sales are reported at successive stages 
in the conversion process. The statistics are 
sufficiently accurate, however, to indicate trends in the 
industry. Many of the primary products for which data 
are included in the statistics may be used either as fuel 
or as basic materials from which other chemicals are 
derived. In this report every effort has been made to 
exclude data on materials that are used as fuel; 
however, data are included on toluene and mixed 
xylenes, which are used in blending aviation and motor 
fuel. 



' Staiisiics on chemicals from coal tar are given in Section 1 
(Tar and Tar Crudes) of this report. 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

The total production of primary products derived 
from petroleum and natural gas during 1986-90 is 
shown in figure 2-1. Beginning in 1988, production 
and sales data no longer are collected for ethane, 
propane, and butane. Total production for primary 
products during 1990 amounted to 51,722 million 
kilograms. 

The output of aromatic and naphihenic products 
from petroleum amounted to 12,974 million kilograms 
in 1990, compared with 12,628 million kilograms in 
1989. Sales amounted to S2,889 miUion in 1990 and 
S2,635 million in 1989. In 1990, producuon of 
benzene was 5,644 million kilograms; production of 
toluene was 2,816 million kilograms; and production of 
mixed xylenes was 2,816 million kilograms (table 2-1). 

Production of all aliphatic hydrocarbons and 
derivatives from petroleum and natural gas was 38,749 
million kilograms in 1990. Sales of these products 
were valued at $8317 million. Production of ethylene 
was 16,541 million kilograms in 1990. The output of 
1 ,3-butadiene was 1,401 million kilograms and 
propylene production was 9,909 million kilograms 
during 1990 (table 2-1). 

Table 2-2 lists the products reported in this section 
and indicates the manufacturer(s) of each by code. The 
codes are identified by company name in table 2-3. 

Data for 1990 primary products from petroleum 
and natural gas for chemical conversion were supphed 
by 64 companies or company divisions. 

James Rafiery 
202-205-3365 



Figure 2-1 

Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion U.S. production, 

1986-90 



Billions 
ol kilograms 
60 




1986 



1987 



1988 



1989 



1990 



Note. — Data for 1988-90 do not include ethane, propane, and butane production. 

Source; Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires ol the US International Trade Commision. 



2-1 



Section 2 



Table 2-1 

Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion: U.S. production and sales, 1990 



Primary products from petroleum arid natural 
gas for cfiemical conversion 



Grand total 

Aromatics and naphthenes^ 

Total 

Benzene, all grades 

Toluene, all grades-** 

Xylenes, mixed 

All other aromatics and naphthenes* 

Aliphatic hydrocarbons 

Total 

Cz Hydrocarbons, total^ 

Acetylene^ (For chemical use only) 

Ethylene 

C3 Hydrocarbons, total* 

Propylene' 

Ci Hydrocarbons, total'" 

Butadiene and butylene fractions 

1,3-Butadiene, grade for rubber (elastomers) 

1-Butene 

Isobutane 

Isobutylene 

All other C4 hydrocarbons" 

C5 Hydrocartwns, total 

Isoprene {2-Methyl-1 ,3-butadiene) 

Pentenes, mixed 

Piperylene (1 ,3-Pentadiene) 

All other C5 hydrocarbons'^ " 

All other aliphatic hydrocart)ons, derivatives, 
and mixtures, total 

Alpha olefins, Ce-Cio 

Alpha olefins, d, and higher 

Dodecene (Tetrapropylene) 

Hexane 

n-Heptane 

Nonene (Tripropylene) 

n-Paraffins" 

Another'^ 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Sales 



Production 



Quantity 



Value 



1.000 
kilograms 

51,722,325 



12,973.769 



1.000 
kilograms 



1,000 
dollars 



7,750,486 2,889.296 



Average 

Unit 

value' 



Per 

kilogram 



26,914.110 11.206,171 $0.42 



.37 



5.644,128 


3.579.641 


1,596.254 


.45 


2.816,418 


1.587.293 


557,575 


.35 


2,815,656 


1.315.531 


429,503 


.33 


1,697,567 


1,268.021 


305,964 


.24 


38,748,556 


19.163.624 


8,316,875 


.43 


16.668.909 


7.636,120 


3,740,745 


.49 


127,568 


59,473 


49.633 


.83 


16.541,341 


7.576.647 


3.691.112 


.49 


9,909.380 


5.576.191 


2.037,468 


.37 


9.909.380 


5.576.191 


2,037,468 


.37 


6.003.903 


3.454.932 


1 ,327,042 


.38 


942.991 


615,034 


153,719 


.25 


1.400.905 


1 ,347,094 


768,558 


.57 


297.896 


162,428 


69,274 


.43 


551.077 


407,545 


93,689 


.23 


549.733 


137,801 


62,177 


.45 


2.261.301 


785,030 


179,625 


.23 


1.185.396 


397,870 


134,655 


.34 


191.856 


135,815 


47,914 


.35 


104,265 





n 


n 


42,566 





C) 


n 


846.709 


262,055 


86,741 


.33 


4.980,968 


2.098.511 


1.076,965 


.51 


470,862 


217,763 


185.073 


.85 


354,794 


197,251 


163.249 


.83 


173.343 


132,120 


59,742 


.45 


258.855 


268,516 


74,415 


.28 


71.977 


74,671 


27,893 


.37 


241,308 


127,466 


50,384 


.40 


801,628 


575,321 


190,277 


.33 


2,608,201 


505,403 


325,932 


.64 



2-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 2-1 — Continued 

Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for cliemlcal conversion: U.S. production and sales, 1990 

' Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ The chemical raw materials designated as aromatics are in some cases identical with those obtained from the 
distillation of coal tar; however, the statistics given in the table above relate only to such materials as are derived from 
petroleum and natural gas. Statistics on production and/or sales of benzene, toluene, and xylene from all sources are 
given in table 1-1 of the report on "Coal tar, tar crudes and pitches." 

^ Includes toluene, solvent grade, 90 percent. 

* Includes toluene and xylene used as solvents; may include that which is blended in aviation and motor gasolines. 

* Includes data for alkyl aromatics, crude cresylic add, cydopentane. naphthalene, naphthenic acid, carbon black 
feedstock, distillates, solvents and miscellaneous cyclic hydrocarbons. 

* Ethane production and sales data are no bnger collected. 

' Production figures on acetylene from cateium carbide for chemical synthesis are collected by the U.S. Bureau of 
the Census. 

^ Propane production and sales data are no longer collected. 

* Includes data for refinery propylene. 

'° Butane production and sales data are no longer collected. 

" Includes produdion and/or sales data for 2-butene, mixtures of 1 -butene and 2-butene, and mixed C4 streams. 

^^ Reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 

'^ Includes data for mixtures of C5 hydrocarbons, isopentane, n-pentane, 1 -pentene, and 2-pentene. 

^* Includes sales data for mixed pentenes and piperylene. 

'* Includes data for the following chain lengths: Cg-Cg, C9-C15, Cio-Cu. C,o-Ci6. C,2-Ci8 and others. 

^^ Includes production and/or sales data for. methane, isoheptanes, isohexane, iso-octane, neohexane, 
methyk:yck}pentadiene, mixed hexenes, mixed heptenes, mixed octenes, n-octane. di-isobutylene, eicosane. mixtures 
of Cj and C3. Cs-Cg. C5-C7. Cg-C? hydrocarbons, hydrocartwn derivatives, and other hydrocartwns. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



2-3 



Section 2 

Table 2-2 

Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which U.S. production and/or 
sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1990 



Primary products from petroleum and natural 
gas for chemical conversion 



Separata 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 2-3) 



Production and sales of aromatics and naphthenes: 

All<yl aromatics: 

Cyclosols No 

All other all<yl aromatics No 

Benzene total: 
Benzene High purity (98-100%) No 

Benzene Other No 

Cresylic acid (Less than 75 percent distilling over 

215° C) No 

Cyclopentane No 

Naphthalene No 

Naphthenic acid: 

fslaphthenic acid, acid number 150-199 No 

Naphthenic acid, acid number 200-224 No 

Naphthenic acid, acid number less than 150 No 

Toluene total: 

Toluene High purity (98-100%) No 

Toluene Other No 

Xylenes, mixed, total: 
Xylene High purity (98-100%) No 

Xylene Other No 

All other aromatics and naphthenes: 

Benzene, toluene, xylene, mixtures No 

Carbon black feedstock No 

All other products from petroleum and natural gas, 

cyclic No 



Production and sales of aliphatic hydrocartwns: 

Ci hydrocarbons: 
Methane No 

Ca hydrocarbons: 

Acetylene (For chemical use only) Yes 

Ethylene Yes 



Cs hydrocarbons: 
Hydrocartxjns, Cz-Cs mixtures 
Propylene 



No 
Yes 



C4 hydrocarbons: 

Butadiene and butylene fractions Yes 

1 ,3-Butadlene, grade for rubber (Elastomers) Yes 

1 -Butane Yes 

2-Butene No 

1 -Bulene and 2-butene, mixed No 

Hydrocartx5ns, C4 fraction No 

Hydrocartxjns, C4 mixtures No 

Isobutane (2-fw1ethylpropane) Yes 

Isobutylene (2-Methylpropene) Yes 

All other hydrocartxans, C4 No 



CXI. 
SHC. 

AMO, ASH, CGO, CNE, CSD, CSP, DOW, 
ENJ, GRS, HES, KHI, LYP, MOC, PLC, 
PPR, SHC. 810, SM, SOC, SOG, SUN, 
SWR, TX, UOC, USI. 

ATR, DUP, KLM, VST 

KHI. PSG. 

PLC. 

CXI.TX. 

CPS, HEC, MER. 

MER. 

HEC, SHC. 

ASH, CNE, CSD. ENJ, GRS, HES, KHI, 
LYP. MOC. PLC, PPR, PPX, SC, SHC, 
SIO, SM, SOC, SOG, SUN. SWR. TX, 
UOC. 

GE. LYP 

AMO, ASH, CSD, CSR ENJ, HES. PLC, 

PPR, SHC, SOG, SUN, SWR, UOC. 
AMO, MOC. 

ATR, ELP 
ENJ. 

AMO, ASH, BAS, BFG, CSD, EKX, ELP, 
ENJ, LYP, OMC, SHC, SOG, TX, UCC, 
UPM, UTP VST 



SHO. 

BCP RH UCC 

AMO, BAS, BFG, CNE, DOW, EKX, ELP. 
ENJ. GE, KHI, LYP OMC, PLC, SHC, 
SM, SOC, SUN, TX, UCC, USI. UTP. 
VST 

CGO. 

AMO, ASH, BAS. BFG. CCP CGO. CLK. 

CNE. CSD. DA, DOW, DUP, EKX, ELP. 

ENJ. EPC, KHI, LYP MOC, PLC, SHC. 

SIO. SM. SOC, SOG, SUN, TX, UCC, 

USI, UTP VLR, VST 

BAS, CNE, DA, DOW, EKX, ELP PLC. 

SOC. TX, UCC, USI, UTP, VST 
AMO, CNE, ENJ. LYP. SHC, SM, TPC, TX. 

ENJ, SHC, SM, SOC, TNA, TPC. 

TPC. 

LYP SHC. 

TX. 

LYP PPR, SOG. 

AMO, CSP DA. ENJ, MOC, PLC. SHO, 

SUN, TX. 
AMO, ATR, ENJ, SHC, TPC, TX. 
GE, TNA, TX. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 2-2 — Continued 

Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which U.S. production and/or 

sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1990 



Primary products from petroleum and natural 
gas for chemical conversion 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 2-3) 



Production and sales of aliphatic hydrocarbons- 
Continued 

Cj hydrocarbons: 

Amylenes No 

Hydrocartx)ns, Cj mixtures No 

isopentane (2-Methyibutane) No 

Isoprene (2-Methyl-1 .3-butadiene) Yes 

n-Pentane No 

1 -Pentene No 

2-Pentene No 

Pentenes, mixed Yes 

Piperylene (1 ,3-Pentadiene) Yes 

All otiner Cj hydrocarbons No 

All other aliphatic hydrocarbons, derivatives, and 
mixtures, total: 

Cg hydrocarbons: 

Hexane Yes 

1 -Hexene No 

Hexenes, mixed No 

Hydrocartxjns, Cs-Cs mixtures No 

isohexane No 

Methylcyciopentadiene No 

Neohexane (2,2-Dimethylbutane) No 

Ail other hydrocarbons, Cs No 

C7 hydrocarbons: 

n-Heptane Yes 

Heptenes, mixed No 

Isoheptanes No 

All other hydrocartxjns, C7 No 

Cg hydrocarljons: 

Di-isobutyiene (Di-isobutene) No 

n-Octane No 

Octenes, mixed No 

2,2,4-Trimethylpentane (Iso-octane) No 

All other hydrocarbons, 0$ No 

C9 and above hydrocarbons (except alpha olefins): 

Dodecene Ye« 

Nonene (Tripropylene) Yes 

Alpha olefins: 

Alpha olefins. Ce-Cio Yes 

Alpha olefins, C,, and higher Yes 

N-paraffins - carbon chain length: 

n-Paraffins, C,o-C,4 No 

n-Paraffins, Cio-C,6 No 

n-Paraffins, Ci2-C,8 No 

n-Paraffins, Cs-Cis No 

n-Paraffins, Cs-Cg No 

n-Paraffins, C9-C15 No 

n-Paraffins, other No 

Polybutene No 

Hyarocartxjn derivatives: 

n-Butyl mGrcaptan(l-Butanethiol) No 

sec-Butyl mercaptan (2-Butanethioi) No 

ten-Butyl mercaptan (2-Methyl-2-propanethiol) No 

Decyl mercaptans No 

Di-ten-butyl disulfide No 

Diethyl sunide (Ethyl sulfide) No 

Dimethyl sulfide No 

Ethyl mercaptan (Ethanethlol) No 

Isopropyl mercaptan (2-Propanethiol) No 



ENJ. 

ONE, LYR 

PLC SHO 

DOW, ENJ, GYR, LYP, SHC, SOC. 

PLC, SHO. 

DOW. 

BFG. 

CSP, CXI, PLC, SHO. TX. 

CXI, ENJ, LYP. 

DOW, ENJ. SHC. 



ATR. ENJ. PLC. SOG, TX. UOC. 

PLC. (2). 

ENJ. 

PLC. 

PLC. 

ENJ. 

PLC. 

DA. PLC. SHC, SM, TNA. 

ENJ, PLC, SOG. TX. UOC. 
ENJ, TX. 
PLC. 
EKX. SHC. 

EKT. TPC. (2). 
SOG. 
ENJ. 

LYP, PLC. 
SHC. TX. 

ATR. CSP. ENJ. SOC, SUN. 
ATR, CSP. ENJ. SOC. TX. 

SHC. SOC, TNA. 
SHC. SOC, TNA. 

SHC, UOC. 

VST 

VST 

ENJ. 

SOG. UOC. 

ENJ, SOG, TX, UOC. 

ENJ. SOG, UOC. 

AMO, BUC. 

PAS, PLC. 
HAP, PLC. 
HAP PAS. PLC. 
PAS. 
PLC. 

HAP PAS. 
GAY. PAS. 
HAP, PAS. PLC. 
HAP. PAS, PLC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2-5 



Section 2 

Table 2-2— Continued 

Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which U.S. production and/or 
sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 

Primary products from petroleum and riatural Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 

gas for chemical conversion statistics ' (according to list in table 2-3) 

All other aliphatic hydrocarbons, derivatives, and 
mixtures, total-Continued 

Hydrocarbon derivatives-Continued 

Methyl ethyl sulfide No CED, HAP. PAS. 

Methyl mercaptan (Methanethiol) No PAS. 

n-Propyl mercaptan (1 -Propanethiol) No PAS. PLC. 

Thiopnane (Tetrahydrothiophene) No HAP. 

All other hydrocartion derivatives: hydrocartx>n 

derivatives No EKX. PAS. PLC. SHC. TNA. 

All other hydrocarbons, Co and above, including 

mixtures No ENJ. PLC. SOC. TNA. 

' Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'yes.' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'no.' 

^ The manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated products. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



2-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 2-3 

Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion: Directory of manufacturers, 

alphabetical by code, 1990 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



AMO 


Amoco Corp 


ASH 


Ashland Oil. Inc., Ashland Petroleum 




Co. 


ATR 


Atlantic Richfield Co., Arco Chemical 




Co. 


BAS 


BASF Corp. 


BCP 


Borden Chemical & Plastics Delaware 




Limited 


BFG 


B. F Goodrich Co., B. F Goodrich 




Chemical Group 


BUC 


Synalloy Corp., Blackman Uhler 




Chemical Div. 


CCP 


Crown Central Petroleum Corp. 


CED 


Cedar Chemical Co. 


CGO 


Citgo Petroleum Corp. 


CLK 


Clark Oil & Refining Corp. 


CNE 


Oxy Petrochemicals, Inc. 


CPS 


CPS Chemical Co., Inc. 


CSD 


Fina Oil & Chemical Co., 




Cosden Chemical Div. 


CSP 


Coastal Refining & Marketing, Inc. 


CXI 


Chemical Exchange Industries, Inc. 


DA 


Diamond Shamrock Refining & 




Marketing 


DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. 


DUP 


E. 1. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. 




Eastman Kodak Co.: 


EKT 


Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 


EKX 


Texas Eastman Co. Div. 


ELP 


Rexene Products Company 


ENJ 


Exxon Chemical Americas 


EPC 


EPC Partners, Ltd. 


GAY 


Gaylord Chemical Corp. 


GE 


General Electric, Specialty Chemical 




Group 


GRS 


Champlin Refining Co. 


GYP 


Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 


HAP 


Helmerich & Payne Inc., Natural Gas 




Odorizing. Inc 



HEC 


Hewchem 


HES 


Amerada Hess Corp. (Hess Oil Virgin 




Islands Corp.) 


KHI 


Koch Refining Co. 


KLM 


Kalama Chemical, Inc. 


LYP 


Lyondell Petrochemical Co. 


MER 


Merichem Co. 


MOC 


Marathon Petroleum Co., Texas 




Refining Div. 


CMC 


Olin Corp. 


PAS 


Atochem North America, Inc. 


PLC 


Phillips 66 Co. 


RPR 


Phillips Puerto Rico Core, Inc, 


PPX 


Phillips Paraxylene, Inc. 


PSG 


PMC, Inc., Specialities Group, Inc. 


RH 


Rohm & Haas Co. 


SC 


Sterling Chemicals, Inc. 


SHC 


Shell Chemical Co. 


SHO 


Shell Oil Co. 


SIO 


BP Oil Company 


SM 


Mobil Oil Corp.: 




Gas Liquids Dept. 




Petrochemicals Div. 


SOC 


Chevron Corp., Chevron Chemical Co. 


SOG 


Hill Petroleum Co. 


SUN 


Sun Company, Inc. 


SWR 


Southwestern Refining Co., Inc. 


TNA 


Ethyl Corp. 


IPC 


Texas Petrochemicals Corp. 


TX 


Texaco Chemical Co. 


UCC 


Union Carbide Corp., Industrial 




Chemical Div. 


UOC 


Union Oil Co. of California 


UPM 


UOP Inc. 


USI 


Quatum Chemical Corp., USI Div. 


UTP 


Union Texas Product Corp. 


VLR 


Valero Refining Co. & MarKetimg Co. 


VST 


Vista Chemical Co. 



Note. — Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission 



2-7 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



Section 3 
Cyclic Intermediates 

Cyclic intermediates are synthetic organic 
chemicals derived principally from petroleum and 
natural gas and from coal-tar crudes produced by 
destructive distillation (pyrolysis) of coal. Most cyclic 
intermediates are used in the manufacture of more 
advanced synthetic organic chemicals and finished 
products, such as dyes, medicinal chemicals, 
elastomers (synthetic rubber), pesticides, and plastics 
and resin materials. Some intermediates, however, are 
sold as end products without further processing. For 
example, ethylbenzene may be used as a raw material 
in the manufacture of sfyrene. In 1990, about 46 
percent of the total output of cyclic iniennediates was 
sold: the rest was const^med chiefly in the producing 
plants in the manufacture of more advanced 
intermediates and finished products. 

The total annual production of cyclic intermediates 
during 1986-90 is shown in figure 3-1. Total 
production of cyclic intermediates in 1990 amounted to 
23.996 million kilograms, a decrease of 3 percent 
compared with production reported to the Commission 
in 1989. Reported sales of cyclic intermediate 



chemicals in 1990 were 11,866 million kilograms, 
valued at S10,981 million, compared with 12,371 
million kilograms, valued at 510,284 million, in 1989. 

Intermediates that were produced in excess of 500 
million kilograms in 1990 were ethylbenzene (3.796 
million kilograms), styrene (3,636 million 
kilogTams).terephthalic acid and terephthalic acid 
dimethyl ester (3.526 million kilograms), p-xylene 
(2,359 million kilograms), cumene (1,955 million 
kilograms), phenol (1.604 million kilograrns), 
cyclohexane (1,116 million kilograms), and bisphenol 
A (521 million kilograms), polymethylene 
polyphenylisocyanate (5(X).46I million kilograms). 
Intermediate chemicals produced in excess of 1 billion 
kilograms accounted for about 70 percent of the total 
output of cyclic intermediate chemicals produced in 
1990. 

Table 3-2 lists the products reported in this section 
ai)d indicates the manufacturer(s) of each by code. 
These codes are identified by company i^me in tabic 

3-3. 

Ed Matusik 
202-205-3356 



Figure 3-1 

Cylic Intermediates: U.S. production, 1986-90 



Billions 
of kilograms 



30. 




1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



^1 



Section 3 

Table 3-1 

Cyclic intermediates: U.S. production and sales, 1990 



Cyclic Intermediates 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Average 
Unit 
value ' 



1.000 1,000 1.000 Per 

kilograms kilograms dollars kitogram 

Grand total 23.995,795 11,865,617 10,980,553 $0.92 

Aniline (Aniline oil) 448,620 254,260 180,807 .71 

Benzoic acid, tech 45,579 (2) (*) (^) 

Biphenyl 24,310 10,628 7,491 .70 

Chlorobenzene, mono- 107,526 {') (*) (') 

Cresols and cresyhc acid^ 38,255 32,973 53,550 1.62 

Cumene 1,955,372 1,257,751 636,823 .51 

Cyclohexane 1,116,205 988,338 496,770 .50 

Cyclohexanone 473.736 51.302 53.722 1.05 

o-Dichlorobenzene 22.100 22,477 20,597 .92 

p-Dichlorobenzene 41.004 35.530 32.818 .92 

Dicyclopentadiene (including cyclopentadiene) 60.352 52,581 21,602 .41 

p-Dodecylphenol 7,705 7,808 9,418 1.21 

Ethylbenzene 3,796,296 467,093 284,927 .61 

Isocyanic acid derivatives, total 1,050,267 722,869 1,225,293 1.70 

Diphenylmethane-4,4'-diisocyanate (MDI) 81,320 38,038 83,595 2.20 

Polymethylenepolyphenylisocyanate 500,461 307,417 485,567 1.58 

Toluene-2,4- and 2,6-diisocyanate 

(80/20 mixture) 445.781 367.797 628.081 1 .71 

All other isocyanic acid derivatives 22,705 9,617 28,050 2.92 

4,4'-lsopropylidenediphenol (Bisphenol A) 521.258 194,589 226,036 1.16 

Nonylphenol 79,176 43,241 46,775 1.08 

Octylphenol 16,746 4,134 6,719 1.63 

Phenol, total 1,604,623 682,234 521,514 .76 

From cumene 1.592,813 671,351 512,816 .76 

All other phenol 11,810 10,883 8,698 .80 

Phthalic anhydride 426,483 189,704 115,269 .61 

Salicylic acid, tech 14,084 6,011 11,098 1.85 

Styrene 3,636,269 1,602,738 1,221.317 .76 

Terephthalic acid, dimethyl ester* 3,525,662 (') (2) (Z) 

Tetrahydrofuran 84,980 35,603 71,638 2.01 

o-Xylene 427,738 281.504 117,402 .42 

P-Xylene 2,358,829 1 ,280,275 663,036 .52 

All other cyclic intermediates 2.112.620 3.641.974 4.955.931 1.36 

' Calculated from unrounded figures. 

^ Reported data were accepted in confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 

^ Does not include data for coke oven and gas-retort ovens. 

* The figure for terephthalic acid, dimethyl ester (DMT) includes both the acid itself and the dimethyl ester without 
double counting. The acid production figure was multiplied by the factor 1.16 to convert it to equivalent DMT. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



3-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 3-2 

Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 



Cyclic intermediates 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3-3) 



Cyclic: 

Acetoacetanilide 

o-Acetoacetanisidide No 

o-AcetoacGtotoluidide No 

2',4'-Acetoacetoxylidide No 

Acetoguanamine No 

1 '-Acetonaphthone No 

Acetophenone, tech No 

p-Acetotoluidide No 

2-Acetylpyridine No 

Adamanlane No 

Aldadiene No 

Ali^ylbenzenes: 
Alkylbenzene straight-chain (Except dodecyl and 

tridecyl) No 

Oodecylbenzene (including tridecyibenzene): 

Oodecylbenzene, straight-chain No 

Other dodecylbenzone No 

Ail^ylbenzene all other (Except dodecyl. tridecyl and 

stright-chain) No 

All^ylphenols, mixed No 

Alkylpyrldines, mixed No 

4'-Aminoacetanilide (Acetyl-p-phenylenediamine) No 

3'-Amino-p-acetanisidide No 

3-Amino-p-anisanilide No 

1 -Aminoanthraquinone and salt No 

p-Aminot)enzamide No 

o-Aminot)enzenethiol t*to 

p-Aminobenzoic acid, tech No 

2-Aminobenzothiazole No 

2-Amino-6-benzothiazolesulfonicacid No 

2-Amino-1-bromo-3-chloroanthraquinone No 

7-AminocGphalosporanic acid No 

1 -Amino-2-chlorobenzene No 

5-Amino-2<hlorobenzenesuHonicacld No 

3-Amino-5<hloro-2-hydroxybenzenesulfonicacid No 

6-Amino-5-chloro-m-toluenesulfonic acid [SOsH-l] (2B 

Acid) No 

4-Amino-N,N-di(|3-hydroxyethyl)aniline sulfate No 

4-Amino-5-mGthoxy-2-mothyll)enzenesuHonic acid (5- 

methyl-o-anisidlnesulfonic acid) No 

m-[(4-Amino-3-methoxyphenyl)azo]benzanesuHonicacid . No 

2-Amino-2-methylpropyl8-bromotheophyllinate No 

2-Amino-3-methylpyridine No 

2-Amino-4-methylpyridine No 

2-Amino-5-methylpyridine No 

2-Amino-6-methylpyridine No 

3-Amino-2,7-naphthalenGdisulfonicacid No 

2-Amino-4-nitroacetanilide No 

2-Amino-5-nitrothiazole No 

5-Amino-2-((2-oxo-5-bGnzimidazolinyl)aminol- 

benzenesulfonic acid No 

p-Aminophenol No 

p-[(p-Aminophenyl)azo]benzenesulfonlcacid No 

3-AmlnophenylphosphonJcacid No 

2-AminopyridinG No 

5-Aminosalicylic acid No 

4-Amino-m-toluenesulfonicacid [S0jH»1] No 

6-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [SOsH-lj No 

Aniline (Aniline oil) Yes 

2-Anilinoethanol No 



BRD. EKT. 

BRD. EKT. 

BRD. Eia. 

BRD. EKT. 

DIX. 

GIV. 

S. 

EK. 

(^ 

DIX. 

SRL. 



GIV. I^N. 

MON. VST 
K40N. 

{") 

PSG. SCN. 

{") 

HCL. 

BUC. SDC. 

PLC. 

SDC. 

NSC. 

FMT. 

NSC. WYK. 

VPC. 

VPC. 

PLC. 

BRS. 

LI^C. 

LIWIC. 

CWN. 

DUP. PHC. 
WAY. 

PSG. 
VPC. 
CHT 

Q 

<5 
(*) 

NES. 
SDC. 
PCW. SAL. 

BRS. PFZ. 

MAL. 

ATL. VPC. 

ICI. 

(^ 

SAL. 

DUP 

DUP PHC. 

ART. DUP FSI ICI. MAL. MOB. RUC. 

USR. 
SCP2 



See footnotes at end of table. 



3-3 



Section 3 

Table 3-2 — Continued 

Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 



Cyclic intermediates Separate Manufacturers ' ideritification codes 

statistics ' (accordir^g to list in table 3-3) 



Cyclic-Continued 

Anilinomethanesutfonic acid and salt No ATL, VPC. 

o-Anisidinomethanesulfonicacid No VPC. 

AnisolG, tech No CHF. 

AnisoyI chloride No SD. 

Anthranilic acid (o-Aminobenzoic acid) No PSG. 

Anthra[1 .9]pyrazol-6(2H)-one (Pyrazoieanthrone) No SDC. 

N,N'-(1,5-Anthraquinonylene)dianthranilicacid No SDC. 

Benzaldehyde, tech No KLM. 

Benzanilide No EK. 

Benzene phosphorous chloride No ICI. 

Benzenesulfonic acid No UPF. 

Benzenesulfonyl chloride No UPF. 

1 ,2,4,5-Benzenetetracartx)xylicacid No AMO. 

1 ,2,4-BGnzenetricartx3xylic acid. 1 ,2-dianhydride 

(Trimellitic anhydride) No AMO. 

BGnzhydrol(Diphenyimethanol) No PD. 

Benzimidazole No EK. 

1 ,3-Benzodioxole No AMB. 

Benzoic acid, methyl ester No HCF. 

Benzoic acid, tech Yes KLM, PFZ. VEL. 

Benzoinoxime No RSA. 

Benzonitrile No PSG. 

Benzophenone No CWN. 

2-Benzothiazolethiol, sodium salt No BFG. USR. 

1 H-Benzotriazole No PSG. 

2-Benzoxazolethiol No EK. 

Benzoyl chloride No HK, VEL. 

Benzylamine No HXL. KLM. 

2-(Benzylamino)ethanol No HXL. 

2-Benzyl-2'-hydroxy-5.9-dimethyl-6,7- 

tjenzomorphanhydrobromide No SD. 

1 -Benzyl-4-phenylisonipecotonitrile No SOW. 

Benzyltrimethylammonium hydroxide No RSA. 

Biphenyl Yes CXI, KHI. MON. SOC. 

2,6-Bis(p-azidobenzylidene)-4-methylcyclohexanone .... No (^) 
3'-[Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]benzanilide. diacetate 

ester No SCP. 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyGthyl)-p-toluidine No RSA. 

N,N-Bis((4-mGthylphonyl)sulfonyl)amine. potassium salt . No EK. 

1 ,2-Bis(tribromophGnoxy)ethane No GTL. 

3-BromoacetophenonG No (^ 

Bromobenzene,mono No DAZ, GTL. 

p-Bromobenzenesulfonyl chloride No EK. 

o-Bromobenzoic acid No PD. 

2-Bromo-4,6-dinitroaniline No HCL. 

Bromoethylbenzene No GTL. 

p-Bromolluorobenzene No I*) 

2-Bfomopyridine No DAZ. 

p-Butylaniline No TNA. 

p-tert-Butylbenzaldehyde No GIV. 

n-Butylbenzene No PLC. 

2-tert-Butyl-p-cresol No PSG. RDA. 

6-tert-Butyl-m-cresol No RDA. 

o-sec-Bulylphenol No SCN, TNA. 

o-tert-Butylphenol No TNA. 

p-sec-Butylphenol No SCN. 

p-ien-Butylphenol No PSG, SCN. 

Butylphenols, mixed No FMC, PSG. O r) 

p-tert-Butyltoluene No GIV. 

6-tert-Butyl-2,4-xylenol No GAF. 



See lootnotes at end ol table. 
3-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



Table 3-2 — Continued 

Cyclic Intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 



Cyclic intermediates 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3-3) 



Cyclic-Continued 

4,4'-CartK3nylbis[phthalic anhydride] No 

N-Carboxy-N-methylanthranilic anhydride No 

2-Chloroacetophenone No 

1 -(3-Chloro-allyl)-D-3,5,7-tria2a-1 -azaoniaadamante 

chloride No 

2-Chloro-4-aminotoluene No 

o-Chloroaniline No 

p-Chloroaniline No 

Chlorobenzene, mono Yes 

p-Chlorobenzenesulfonic acid No 

4'-Chloro-2',5'-dimethoxyacetoacetanillde No 

2-Chloro-1 ,4-dimethoxybenzene No 

1 -Chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (Dinitrochtorobenzene) No 

4-Chloro-3,5-dinitrobenzenesulfonic acid, potassium salt No 

p-[(2-Chloroethyl)methyiamino]benzaldehyde No 

1-Chloro-4-hydroxyanthraquinone 'No 

1 -Chloro-2-nitrobenzene (Chloro-o-nitrobenzene) No 

1-Chloro-4-nitrob©nzene(Chloro-p-nitrobenzene) No 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzotrifluoride No 

2-Chloro-4-nitrotoluene No 

2-Chlorophenothiazine No 

N-(4-Chlorophenyl)-N'-(3,4-dichloropheny)urea No 

(m-Chlorophenyl)diethanolamine No 

4-Chloro-o-phenylenediamine No 

4-Chlorophthalic acid No 

1-(3-Chloropropyl)-4-methylpiporazine No 

3-Chloropropyl-2,5-xylyl ether No 

2-Chloropyridine No 

2-(4-Chlorosulfonylphenyl)ethyttrichlorosilane No 

o-Chlorotoluene No 

a-Chlorotoluene (Benzyl chloride) No 

3-Chloro-p-toluidine [NHz-IJ No 

4-Chloro-3.5-xylenol No 

Cresols: 

m-Cresol No 

o-cresol: 

o-Cresol, from petroleum No 

p-Cresol No 

Cresols, mixed: 

(m,p)-cresol: 

(m,p)-Cresol, from petroleum No 

Cresylic acid, refined; 

Cresylic acid, refined, from petroleum No 

Cumene (Isopropyl benzene) Yes 

Cumene hydrogen peroxide No 

4-(Cyanoacetyl)morpholine No 

N-Cyanoethyl-hj-acetoxyethylaniline No 

N-Cyano-s-methyl-N-2(4-methyl-5-imidazolyl)- 

methylthioethylisothiourea No 

3-Cyanopyridine No 

Cyclohexane Yes 

1 ,2-Cyclohexanedicartx}xyllc acid anhydride No 

Cyclohexanol No 

Cyclohexanone Yes 

Cyclohexanone oxime No 

Cyclohexene No 

4-Cyclohexene-1.2-dicart)Oxylic anhydride No 

Cyclohexene oxide No 

P-(1-Cyclohexenyl)ethylamine No 

Cyclohexylamine No 



ACH. 

EK. 

DOW. 

LMC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

MON, PPG, sec 

UPF. 

BRD. 

CHF. 

SDC. 

LMC. 

VPC. 

SK 

DUP. MON. 

DUP, MON. 

DAZ. 

CED. 

SK. 

VPC. 

SCP. 

FMT. 

PSG. 

SK. 

PD. 

OMC. 

NOD. 

S. 

MON. 

DUP. 

PER. 

MER. 

GE, MER, PSG. 
MER, PSG. 



MER, PSG. 

MER. 

ASH, BTL, GGC. GRS, KHI. SHC. SOC. 

TX, (') 
ART 

DUP, PCW. 
SCR 

SK. 

e) 

GRS, PLC. PPR, SOC. SUN, TX, UOC. 

BCC, HK. 

ACS, BAS, DUP MON. 

ACS, BAS, CNP, DUP MON. 

CNR 

USR. 

DKA. 

USR. 

HXL. 

AlP, HCL. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



3-5 



Section 3 



Table 3-2 — Continued 

Cyclic Intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1990 



Cyclic intermediates 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3-3) 



Cyclic-Continued 

Cyclohexylmethyldimethoxysilane No 

Cyclooctadiene No 

2-Cyclopropylmethylamino-5-chlorobenzophenone No 

2-{N-Cyclopropylmethyl-N-phthalimidoacetyl)-amlno-5- 

chlorobenzophenone No 

p-Cymene No 

Decyldiphenyl oxide No 

Dialkylbenzene No 

1 ,3 Diaminocyclohexane No 

2,6-Diaminopyridine No 

2,5-Dianilinoterephthalic acid No 

m-Dibromobenzene No 

p-Dibromobenzene No 

(1 .2-Dibromoethyl)benzene No 

2,6-Dibromo-4-ni1roaniline No 

Dibromostyrene No 

p-Dibutoxybenzene (DBB) No 

2,5-Dibutoxy-4-morpholinobenzenediazonJum sulfate salt 

(DBB Sulfate) No 

2,5-Dibutoxy-4-morpholinonitrobenzene No 

2.6-Di-ter1-butyl-alpha-dimethylamino-p-CTesol No 

Dibutyl-p<resol No 

2.6-Di-t-butyl-p<resol No 

2.4-Di-tert-butyiphGnol No 

2,6-Di-ten-butylphenol No 

2,6-Di-terl-4-sec-butylphenol No 

3,4-Dichloroaniline No 

Dichlorobenzanthrone No 

o(and p)-Dichlorobenzene Yes 

o-Dichlorobenzene No 

m-Dichiorobenzene Yes 

p-Dichlorobenzene No 

3.3'-Dichlorobenzidine base and salts No 

3,4-Dichlorobenzotrifluoride No 

3.3'-Dichloro-4,4'-biphenyl No 

Dichlorodiphenylsilane No 

2.6-Dichloro-3-methylaniline No 

Dichloromethylphenylsilane No 

2,6-Dichloro-4-nitroaniline No 

1 ,2-Dichloro-4-nitrobenzene No 

2,4-Dichloro-4-(2-nitro-4-trifluoromethylphenyl)- 

cinnamic acid No 

2,6-Dichlorophenylamidinourea hydrochloride No 

2,6-Dichloropyridine No 

Dicyctohexylamine No 

Dicyclopentadiene (includes Cyclopentadiene) Yes 

a.a-DiethoxyacGtophenone No 

p-(Diethylamino)benzaldehyde No 

4-(Diethylamino)benzaldehyde, 1,1-diphenylhydrazone .. No 

N-(3-Diethylamino-1,4-methoxyphenyl)acetamide No 

N.N-Diethylaniiine No 

Diethylbenzene No 

N,N-Diethylcyclohexylamine No 

3,5-Diethyl-1 ,2-dihydro-1-phenyl-2-propylpyridine No 

N,N-Diethyl-m-toluidine No 

N,N-Diethyl-p-toluidine No 

6,11-Dihydrodibenz(b,e)oxepin-11-one No 

2,3-Dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranol No 

2-2-(2.3-Dihydro-1 ,3-dioxo-l H-inden-2yl)-(quinolinyl)]- 

6-methylbenzothiazole-7-sulfonicacid No 

2,4-Dihydroxybenzaldehyde No 



NOD. 
DUP. 
PD. 

PD. 
HPC. 
TOG. 
VST. 
DUP (2) 

VPC. 
DAZ. 
DAZ. 
DAZ. 
HCL. 
GTL. 
ALL. 

ALL. 

ALL. 

TNA. 

PSG. 

PLC. 

PSG, SON. 

SCN. 

SCN. 

DUP 

SDC. 

see 

MON. PPG, sec, SOI. 

MON. 

MON. PPG. sec SOI. 

LMC. 

HK.{2) 

LMC. 

DCC. 

SDC. 

DCC. 

CWN. 

DUP 

SK. 

PCW. 

OMC. 

AiP. HK. 

CXI, DOW. ENJ. LYP SHC. VEL. {') 

CWN. 

VPC. 

EKT. 

SCP 

BCC. DUP 

UPM. 

AiP. 

DUP FST 
RSA. 
PFZ. 
FMN. 

VPC. 
EK. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



3-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 3-2 — Continued 

Cyclic Intermediates (or which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 



Cyclic intermediates 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' iderjtification codes 
(according to list in table 3-3) 



Cyclic-Continued 

6,7-Dihydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonicacid No 

16,17-Dihyclroxyviolanthrone(Dihydroxydibenzanthrone) . No 

m-Diiodobenzene No 

m-Diisopropenylbenzene No 

2,5-DimGthoxybenzaldehydG No 

m-Dimethoxybenzene No 

m-(Dimethylamino)benzoic acid No 

2-[4-(DimethylamJno)benzoyl]benzoicacid No 

m-DimethylaminophGnol No 

N,N-Dimethylaniline No 

N.N-Dimethylbenzylamine No 

N.N-Dimethylcyclohexylamine No 

5,5-Dimethylhydantoin No 

2.6-DimethylnaphthalGne No 

Dimethyl-2,6-naphthalenedicarboxylate No 

N,N"-Dimethyl-3,4,9,10-perylenetetracarboxylic acid 3, 

4:9,1 0-diimide No 

3,5-Dimethylpiperidine No 

N,N-Dimethyl-o-toluidinG No 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-toluidine No 

3,5-Dinitro-N*.N^-dipropylsulfanilamide No 

2,4-Dinitroacetanilide No 

m-Dinitrobenzene No 

2,4-Din(trobenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt No 

3,5-Dinitrobenzoic acid No 

2,4-Dinitrophenol, tech No 

3.5-Dinitrosalicylic acid, methyl ester No 

p-Dinilrosobenzene No 

2,4-Dinitrotoluene No 

2,4(and 2,6)-DinitrotoluGne No 

Dinitrotrimethyjeneglycoi-di-p-aminobenzoate No 

DinonylphGnol No 

2,4-Dioxo-3-azaspiro[5,5]undecane-1.S-dicarbonitrile 

monoonium sait No 

Di-para-benzoquinone dioxime No 

2,4-Di-tGr1-pGntylphGnol No 

Diphenylamine No 

DiphenykJimethoxysilane No 

Diphenyldisulfido No 

DiphGnyl phosphorous chloride No 

Dipheny! phthalatG No 

Di-2-picolylamine No 

1 .3-Di-4-pip>GridylpropanG No 

2,5-Di-p-toluidinotGrGphthalic acid No 

1 ,5-diurGidonaphthalene No 

DivinylbenzGriG No 

1 .1 -Di-3,4-xylylGthanG No 

Dodecyldlphenyl oxide No 

p-DodGcylphGnol Yes 

4-EthanolpipGridinG No 

2-EthanolpyridinG No 

5-Ethanoxy-3-trichloromGthyl-1,2,4-thiadiazole No 

Ethisterone No 

N-EthylaniliriG, rGfined No 

2-{N-Ethylanilino)Gthanol No 

3-(N-Ethylanilino)propioni1rilG No 

a-(N-Ethyianilino)-m-toluGnGsulfonicacid No 

Ethylbenzene Yes 

2-{N-Ethyl-N.|3-cyanoGthyl)-4-acetaminoanisole No 

N-EthylcycJohexylamine No 



COG. 

EK. 

GGC. 

DLT. 

OWN. 

ACY 

EK. 
ACY 

BGC, DUP. 
HXL. 

AlP. BAS. 
BRD. 
UPM. 
UPF. 

VPG. 

RSA. 

FST. RSA. 

LMG. 

SDG. 

DUP. FST. 

EK. 

SAL. 

SDG. 

SAL. 

LG. 

DUR 

RUG, (2) 

SAL. 

TX. 

PD. 

LG. 

PAS, PSG. SCN. 

ART RUG. USR. 

NOD. 

PAH. 

IGI. 

EK. 

VPG. 

SOI. 

DLT DOW, TGG. 

AGH. 

TGG. 

MON. SGN, SOG, TX. 

<^ 

OMC. 
SRL, UPJ. 
BGC, FST 
MIL, SGP. 
SCR 

AMO, GSD, DOW. ELP. GE. KHI. PLC. SC. 

SOG, SOG. 
SGR 
BAS. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



3-7 



Section 3 



Table 3-2 — Continued 

Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported. Identified by manufacturer, 1990 



Cyclic intermediates 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3-3) 



Cyclic-Continued 

N-Ethyl-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-m-toluidine No 

N-Ethylmaleimide No 

2-[Ethyl(3-methylphenyl)aminolethanol No 

Ethyl 2{2-nitro-4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-3-oxobutanoate . . No 

N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamine No 

N-Ethyl-m-toluidine No 

3-(N-Ethyl-m-toluidino)propionitriie No 

o-FluorobenzoyI chloride No 

p-Fluoronitrobenzene No 

1 -Formylpiperidine No 

Furan No 

Furturyl alcohol No 

Guanine No 

Hexachlorocyclopentadiene No 

1,4,5,6,7,7-Hexachloro-5-norbomene-2,3-dicartx)xylic 

anhydride {Chlorendic anhydride) No 

Hexahydro-1-[(2-aminophenyl)sulfonyll-1h-azepine No 

Hexahydro-1-[{2-nitrophenyl)sulfonyl]-1h-a2epine No 

Hexamethyleneimine No 

Hydroquinone, tech No 

p-Hydroxybenzenesulfonicacid No 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid No 

4-Hydroxy-2H-1 ,2-benzothiazine-3-carboxylic acid, 

methyl ester, 1 ,1 -dioxide No 

2'-Hydroxy-5,9-dimethyl-6,7-benzomorphan No 

3-(N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)anillno]propionitrile No 

N-P-Hydroxyethyl-2,4-dihydroxybenzamide No 

5-Hydroxyisophthalic acid No 

4-Hydroxy-2-fnethyl-2H-1,2-benzothiazine-3-carfc)oxylic 

acid, methyl ester, 1,1 -dioxide No 

2-Hydroxymethylene-1 7a-ethinylandrost-1 73-oi-4-en-3-oneNo 
3-Hydroxy-N-(3-N-morpholino-Y-propyl)-2-naphthimide . . No 

6-l-lydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt No 

1 -Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid No 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid(B.O.N.) No 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid, methyl ester No 

2-lmidazolidinone modification No 

5-indanol No 

p-lodotoluene No 

Isobutylbenzene No 

isobutylbiphenyl No 

Isobutyrophenone No 

Isocyanic acid derivatives: 

Bitolylene diisocyanate (TODI) No 

Diphenylmethane-4,4'-diisocyanate (MDI) No 

Polymethylenepolyphenylisocyanate No 

Toluene 2,4-diisocyanate No 

Toluene 2,4-and 2,6-diisocyanate (80/20 Mixture) No 

Toluene 2,4-and 2,6-diisocyanate (65/35 Mixture) No 

p-Toluenesulfonyl isocyanate No 

All other isocyanic acid derivatives No 

isonicotinic acid No 

Isonicotinonitrile No 

Isophthalic acid, diallyl ester No 

Isophthalic acid, dimethyl ester No 

Isophthalonilrile No 

IsophthaloyI chloride No 

Isopropylbiphenyl No 

4,4'-lsopropylidenediphenol (Bisphenol A) Yes 

4,4'-lsopropylidenediphenol,ethoxylated No 

4,4'-lsopropylidenediphenol,propoxylated No 



SOP. 
REG. 
FST 
SK. 

DUP, FST 

SOP. 

OMC. 

QKO. 
QKO. 
LLi. 
VEL. 

OMC, VEL. 

SAL. 

SAL. 

CXI, DUP. 

EKT, GYR. 

UPF. 

LEM. 

PFZ. 
SD. 
SCP. 
PCW. 

e) 

PFZ. 

SD. 

PCW. 

(^ 

PCW. 
PCW. 
PCW. 

RSA. 

PLC. TNA. 
TCC. 
ARS. 

CWN. 

BAS. DOW, ICI. MOB. RUC. 

BAS. DOW, ICI. MOB. RUC. 

MOB. 

BAS. DOW. ICI. MOB. OMC. RUC. 

MOB. 

VCM. 

CWN, MOB, UCC. 

<^ 

AMO. 

UTC. 

DUP, PSG. 

DUP, TLC. 

TCC 

ART, DOW, GE. SHC. 

ICI. SCP. 

ICI, SCP. 



See lootnotes at end ol table. 



3-8 



Synthetic Organic Ctumicals, 1990 

Table 3-2 — Continued 

Cyclic Intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manulacturer, 1990 



Cyclic intermediates Separate Martuiacturers ' identification codes 

statistics ' (according to list in table 3-3) 



?UC. 



Cyclic- Continued 

Isopropylphenol. mixed No 

2,6-Lutidine No r) 

f^elamine No ACY, MLC. 

p-Mentha-1 ,4{8)-diene No NCI. 

dl-p-f>^entha-1 ,8-diene (Limonene) No ARZ. NCI. 

4-f5lethoxyacetophenone No BUG. 

4-Methoxybenzyl alcohol No BUG. 

2-lwtethoxyethylpiperidine No (^ 

N-{4-Methoxy-3-nilrophenyl)acetamide No SDG. 

2-(N-Methylanilino)ethanol No SGP. 

3-(N-Methylanilino)propionitrile No SGP. 

2-Methylanthraquinone No ACY. 

Methyl-2-bGnzimidazole carbamate No GEO. 

2-Methylbenzothiazole No FMT. 

4-Methylbenzotriazole No VPG. 

o-MethylbenzoyI chloride No TLG. 

4-MethylbGnzoyl chloride No GR2, TLG. 

N-Methylbenzylamine No HXL. 

2-»y4ethyl-l,1-biphenyl(n-3-yl) methanol No NES. 

Methylcyclohexane No PLC. 

h/tethyl3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethylcyctopropane 

carboate No Ffi^N. 

2,2'-K4ethylenebis(4-methyl-6-nonyl-p<resol) No PSG. 

4,4'-MethylenGdiapiline No RUG, USR. 

Methylenedicyclohexylmethane1,4-diisocyanate No MOB. 

1 ,2-Methylenedioxybenzene No GRZ. 

5,5'-(^ethylenedisalicylic acid No KLM. 

Methyl p-formylbenzoate No EKT. 

(2,4-Methyl-5-imidazolyl)methylthioethylamine 

dihydrochloride- No SK. 

N-Methyl-p-nitroanilino No ACY. USR. 

4-Methyl-2-nitroanisole No PSG. 

1-{2-Methyl-4-nitrophonyl)pyrrolidine No ALL. 

2-Methyl-5-norbornene-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride No BCG. 

N-(3-Methylphenyl)ac8tamide No SDG. 

4-(1-Methyl-1-phenyl)ethylphenol No SGN. 

4-MGlhylphthalic acid No EK. 

1 -Methylpiperidine No (^ 

2-Methylpiperidine No ir) 

a-Mothylstyrene No ART. BTL, GGC. 

ar-Molhylstyrene (Vinyltotuene) No DLT. 

2,6-Naphthalenedicartx3xyltc acid No AMO. 

2-NaphthalGnesulfonic acid No ACY. 

Naphlhalimide No VPG. 

1-Naphthylamine (a-Naphthylamine) No DUP. 

p-(2-Naphthylamino)phenol (N-(p-Hydroxyphenyl)-2- 

naphthylamine) No SDG. 

Nicotinonitrile (3-Cyanopyridine) No NEP. 

o-Nitroaniline No BUG. MON. 

p-Nitroaniline No MON. 

S-Nitroanthranilic acid No SAL. 

I-Nitroanthraquinono No SDG. 

-Nitrobenzamide No PD. 

Nitrobenzene No FST. ICl, RUG. 

m-NitrotjenzenesuHonic acid, sodium salt No USM. 

o-Nitrobenzoic acid No SAL. 

m-Nitrobonzoic acid No SAL. (^) 

p-Nitrobenzoic acid No DUP. 

m-Nitrobenzoic acid, sodium salt No SAL. 

2-Nitro-M-ben2oylaniline No SAL. 

2-Nitro-p-cresol No PSG. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



M 



Section 3 ^ 

Table 3-2 — Continued 

Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production and/or salas war* reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 



Cyclic intermediates 



Separate 

statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3-3) 



Cyclic-Continued 

5-Nitrodimethylisophthalate No 

Nitrodiphenylamine No 

5-Nitroisophthalic acid No 

p-Nitrophenethyl alcohol No 

p-Nitrophenol No 

p-Nitrophenoi, sodium salt No 

p-Nitrophenoxyethanol No 

5-Nitrosalicylic acid No 

p-Nitrosophenol No 

4-Nitrosophenol, sodium salt No 

o-Nitrotoluene No 

m-Nitrotoluene No 

p-Nitrotoluene No 

Nitrotoluene mixtures No 

(2-Nitro-4-tri1luoromethylphenyl)acetic acid No 

Nonylphenol Yes 

Octylphenol Yes 

Octylphenoxydiethoxy chloride No 

1-[(7-Oxo-7H-benz[de]anthracene-3-yl)amino]- 

anthraquinone No 

3-0x0-1 ,2-benzisothia20line-2-acetic acid, methyl ester, 

1.1-dioxide No 

Oxyaluminum tienzoate No 

4,4'-Oxydianiline No 

o-Pentylphenol (o-Amylphenol) No 

p-tert-Pentylphenol No 

3,4.9, 10-Perylenetetracart>oxylic-3,4:9,10-dianhydrid« ... No 

3,4,9, 10-Perylenetetracartx)xyiic-3.4:9,10-diimide No 

1,10-Phenanthroline No 

2-Phenethylamine No 

p-Phenetidine No 

Phenol: 
Natural: 
From petroleum: 

Phenol, natural, from petroleum, U.S.P No 

All other phenol, natural, from petroleum No 

Synthetic: 
By caustic fusion: 

All other phenol, synthetic, by caustic fusion No 

Phenol, benzylated No 

Phenol, styrenated No 

Phenol, synthetic, from cumene by oxidation, U.S.P. . No 

All other phenol, synthetic No 

Phenolsulfonaphthalein No 

Phenolsulfonic acid No 

Phenolsulfonic acid, sodium salt No 

Phenoxyacetic acid, sodium salt No 

m-Phenoxytoluene No 

4-(Phenylazo)diphenylamine No 

2-Phenylbenzimide No 

m-Phenylenebismaleimide No 

o-Phenylenediamine No 

m-Phenylenediamine No 

p-Phenylenediamine No 

Phenyl ether (Diphenyl oxide) No 

d(-)a-Phenylethylamine No 

N-Phenyiglycine No 

Phenylglycine, potassium salt No 

Phenylglycine, sodium salt No 

2,2'-[(Phenyl)imino]diethanol(N-Phenyldiethanolamine) . . No 
2.2'-[(Phenyl)imino]diethanol, diacetale ester No 



SAL. 

ACY, MON. 

SAL. 

PCW. 

K40N. 

DUP 

SCR 

SAL. 

LC, SDC. 

SDC. 

FST. 

DUP. FST. 

DUP, FST 

FST 

SK 

GAP. GE. KLM, MON. RH. SON, TX. 

PSG, RH, SON. 

RH. 

SDC. 

PFZ. 

CHT 

DUP. 

PAS, SON. 

PAS. 

VPC. 

VPC. 

VNC. 

HXL. 

HCL, MNA. 



IVIER. 
ISP, PSG. 



DOW. 

MIL. 

MIL. PSG. 

ACS, ART BTL. GE. GGC. 

KLM. SHC. TX. 

EK. 

SAL. 

SAL. 

NCC. 

MER. 

EK. 

SAL. 

NES. 

DUP. PSG. 

DUP. FST 

DUR 

DOW, MON. 

HXL. 

EK. 

KAN. 

BCC, LIL. 

MIL, SCR 

SCR 



See footnotes at end of table. 



3-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 3-2 — Continued 

Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 



Cyclic intermediates 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3-3) 



Cyclic-Continued 

o-Phenylphenol No 

p-Phenylphenol No 

o-Phenylphenol, sodium salt No 

N-Phenyl-p-phenylenediamine No 

1-Phenyl-1,2-propanedione, 2-oxime No 

Phenyl-2-propanonG No 

4-PhGnylpropylpyridinG No 

Phenyltrimethyl ammonium chloride No 

N-Phenyluroa No 

Phthalic acid Yes 

Phthalic anhydride No 

Phthalimide No 

(Phthalocyaninato(2-)]copper No 

PhthalocyaninetetrasuHonyl chloride, copper derivative .. No 

PhthaioyI chloridG (Phthaiyl chlorido) No 

Picolines: 

Picoline (3,4-mlxture) No 

2-Picoline (a-Picoline) No 

3-Picoline (P-Picoline) No 

4-Picoline (Y-Picoiine) No 

Picolinonitrile (2-Cyanopyridine) No 

3-Picolylamine No 

Picric acid (Trinitrophenol) No 

Piperidine No 

Polyethylbenzene (60 percent diethylbenzene) No 

Propiophenone No 

Pyridine hydrochtaride No 

3-Pyridinemethanol No 

Pyridine, refined; 

2° Pyridine, refined No 

All other grades pyridine, refined No 

2 Pyridinethiol-1 -oxide, sodium salt No 

2 Pyridinelhiol-1 -oxide, zinc salt No 

Pyromeilitic dianhydride No 

2-Pyrrolidinone (2-Pyrrolidone) No 

Pyrvinium pamoate No 

Quinaldino No 

Quinone dioxime No 

Resorcinoi, tech No 

B-Resorcylic acid No 

Salicylaldehyde No 

Salicylaldehyde oxime No 

Salicylanilide No 

Salicylic acid, tech Yes 

Sodium p-sulfophenylmethallyl ether No 

Sodium trichlorobenzenesulfate No 

Styrene (Vinylbenzene) No 

Sultanilic acid (p-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid) and salt . . No 

5-Sulfoisophthalic acid, 1 ,3-dimethyl ester, sodium salt . . No 

5-Sulfoisophthalic acid, sodium salt No 

4-Sulfophthalic acid No 

Terephthalic acid No 

Terephthalic acid, dimethyl ester No 

Terephthaloyl chloride No 

Torphenyl (Phenylblphenyl) (m-,o-,and p-isomers) No 

Terpinene-4-ol No 

Totrabromophthalic anhydride No 

Tetrabromophthalic anhydride, diester No 



DOW. 

DOW. 

DOW. 

USR. 

ORT. 

SK. 

(^ 

LLI. 

RSA. 

EK. 

ART. BAS, ENJ, STP. USR. 

PSG. 

PHC. 

VPC. 

TLC. 

(') 
(') 
NEP, (^) 

{") 

NEP 

(^ 

SDC. 

AlP, (*) 

ELP 

ORT 

RSA. 

i") 

NEP. 

OMC. 
OMC. 
ACH. 
GAR 

ACY GIG. 

LG. 

ISP. 

ISP. 

RDA. 

EK. 

PGW. 

DOW, KLU/I, RDA, (^ 

SAL. 

UPF. 

AMO, ATR. GSD, DLT DOW, ELP. GE, 

PLC. SC, SOC 
{') 

DUP 
PCW. 
CWN. 

AMO. DUP. HGF. 
DUP. EKT. HCF. 
DUP, TLC. 
MON. 

(^ 

GTL. 

GTL. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



3-11 



Section 3 



Table 3-2 — Continued 

Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1990 



Cyclic intermediates 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3-3) 



Cyclic-Continued 

Tetrachlorophthalic anhydride No 

Tetrahydrofuran Yes 

1 ,2,3,4-Tetrahydronaphthalene No 

1 ,2,4,5-Tetramethylbenzene (Durene) No 

p-(1,1,3,3-Tetramethylbutyl)phenol No 

Tetranilrodibenzo-1.3a,4.6a-tetraazapentalene No 

3,3'-Thiobis[7h-benz[de]anthracen-7-one] No 

6,6'-Thiodimetanilic acid No 

Toluene-2,3-(and 3,4)-diamine (35/65 Mixture) No 

Toluene-2,4-diamine (4-m-Tolylenediamine) No 

Toluene-2,4-(and 2,6)-diamine (80/20 Mixture) No 

Toluene-3,4-diamine No 

p-Toluenesutfonamide No 

p-Toluenesultonic acid No 

p-Toluenesuttonic acid, aniline salt No 

m-Toluic acid No 

p-Toluic acid, methyl ester No 

o-Toluidine No 

m-Toluidine No 

p-Toluidine No 

2.2'-(o-Tolylimino)diethanol No 

2,2'-(m-Tolylimino)diethanol No 

Tolyltriazole No 

2,4,6-Tribromophenol No 

1 ,2,3(and 1 ,2,4)-Trichlorobenzene No 

1 .2,4-Trichlorobenzene No 

3-Trichloromethyl-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole No 

Trichlorophonylsilane No 

a,a,a-Trichlorotoluene (BenzotrichJoride) No 

2,4,6-Trichloro-s-triazine (Cyanuric chloride) No 

Tri(dimethylaminomothyl)phenol No 

Trimellitic anhydride, acid chloride No 

Trimellitic trichloride No 

1 ,2.4-Trimethylbenzene (Pseudocumene) No 

1 .3,5-Trimethylbenzene (Mesitylene) No 

1,3.3-Trimethyl-5^, a-indolineacetaldehyde No 

2,3,6-Trimethylphonol No 

Triphenylmethane No 

a,a',a"-Tris(dimethylamino)mesitol No 

1,1,1-Tris(p-hydroxyphenyl)ethane No 

Tris(2-methyl-1-a2iridinyl)phosphine oxide No 

7,7'-Ureylenebis[4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonicacidl 

(J-Acid urea) No 

Veratraldehyde {3,4-Dimothoxybenzaldehyde) No 

2-\/inylpyridine No 

4-Vinylpyridine No 

o-Xylene (90-100% of o-xylene isomer) Yes 

m-Xylene (90-100% of m-xylene isomer) No 

p-Xylene (90-100% Of p-xylene isomer) Yes 

2,4-Xyienesulfonic acid No 

Xylenesulfonic acid, mixed isomers No 

2,6-Xylenol No 

Xylenol crystals No 

Xylenols; 

Xylenol, low twiling point No 

Xylenols, not classified as to boiling point No 



MON. 

ATR. BAS. DUP, GAF, QKO. 

RDA. 

KHI. 

GAF. 

TLI. 

CRZ. 

CRZ. 

OMC. 

RUG. (2) 

OMC. 

UTC. 

TEN. UPF. 
NES. 
WTC. 
HCF. 

DUP. FST 
DUP. FST 
DUP. FST 
SCR 

MIL. SCP. 
PSG. 
GTL. 
PPG. sec. 

sec. 

OMC. 
DCC. 
HK. VEL 
DGC. 
PEL. 

TLC. 

KHI. SOG. 

ABB. KHi. 

VPC. 

GE. 

EK. 

RH. 

SAL. 

ARS. 

S. 
GIV. 

<^ 

ENJ. KHI. LYP, PLC, PPR. 

AMO. PLC. 

AMO, ENJ. KHi, LYP. PLC. PPX, SOC. 

STX. 
UPF. 
NES. 
GE. 
HCL. HXL 

MER. 
GE. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



3-12 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 3-2 — Continued 

Cyclic Intermediates tor which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 

Cyclic intermediates Separate Manufacturers' identificatbn codes 

statistics ' (according to list in table 3-3) 

Cyclic-Continued 

Xylidines: 
Xylidine, original mixture No DUP, (^) 

All other cyclic intermediates Yes ACY, AMB, ATL. BRD, BRS. BUG, CHD, 

CRZ. DUP, EK, EKT, HOP, HCL, HK, 
HXL, KAN, LC, NOD, OMC, PCI, PCW, 
PD, PFZ, PIL, PRC, PSG, RAY SAL, 
SCH. SCP, SD, SDC, SDW, SK, TOG, 
TNA, UGG. UPF, UPJ, UPJ, UPJ, UPJ, 
UPJ,UPJ, UPJ, VPG. 

' Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'yes.' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'no.' 

^ The manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



3-13 



Section 3 

Table 3-3 

Cyclic Intermediates: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1990 



Ck>de Name of company 

ABB Abbott Laboratories 

ACH Alico Chemical Corp. 

ACS Allied Signal Inc., Engineered Material 

Sector 

ACY American Cyanamid Co. 

AlP Air Products & Chemicals. Inc. 

ALL Alliance Chemical, Inc. 

AMB American Bio-Synthetics Corp. 

AMO Amoco Corp. 

ARS Arsynco, Inc., Sub. Div. of Aceto Corp. 

ART Aristech Chemical Corp., Chemical Div. 

ARZ Arizona Chemical Co. 

ASH Ashland Oil, Inc., Ashland Petroleum 

Co. 

ATL Atlantic Industries, Inc. 

ATR Atlantic Richfield Co., Arco Chemical 

Co. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BCC Buffalo Color Corp. 

BFG B. F. Goodrich Co.. B. F. Goodrich 

Chemical Group 

BRD Lonza, Inc. 

BRS Bristol-lwfyers Co. 

BTL BTL Specialty Resin Corp. 

BUC Synalloy Corp., Blacl<man Uhler 

Chemical Div. 

CCC C.N.C. International, Inc. 

CED Cedar Chemical Co. 

CHD Chemdesign Corp. 

CHF Kincaid Enterprises. Inc. 

CHT Chattem, Inc. 

CIC Color Chem International Corp. 

CNP DSM Chemicals North America 

CRZ James River II Corp, 

CSD Fina Oil & Chemicals Co., Cosden 

Chemical Div. 

CWN Upjohn Co., Fine Chemicals 

CXI Chemical Exchange Industries. Inc. 

DAZ Diaz Chemical Corp. 

DCC Dow Corning Corp. 

DGC Degussa Corp. 

DIX Dixie Chemical Co.. Inc. 

DKA Mobay Synthetics Corp. 

DLT Deltech Corporation 

DOW Dow Chemical Co. 

DUP E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co.. Inc. 

Chemicals and Pigments Dept. 

Petrochemicals Dept. 

EK Eastman Kodak Co.; 

EKT Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 



Code 



Name of company 



ELP . . . 


Rexene Products Company 


ENJ . . . 


Exxon Chemical Americas 


FER . . . 


FerroCorp.: 




Bedford Chemical Div. 




Grant Div. 


FMC .. 


FMC Corp.. Nitro Div. 


FMN .. 


Agricultural Chemical Group 


FMT . . . 


Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc. 


FST . . . 


First Chemical Corp. 


GAF . . . 


GAF Chemical Corp. 


GE . . . . 


General ELectric Co., Speciality 




Chemical Group 


GGC .. 


Georgia-Gulf Corp.: 




Houston Div. 




Plaquemine Div. 


GIV ... 


Givaudan Corp 


GRS .. 


Champlin Refining Co. 


GTL... 


Great Lakes Chemical Corp. 


GYR .. 


Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 


HCF . . . 


Cape Industries 


HCL . . . 


Hoechst Celanese Corp. : 




Bayport Works 




Fine Chemicals Div. 




Sou-Tex Works 




Specialty Chem Group 


HIL ... 


Hilton Davis Co. 


HK . . . . 


Occidental Chemical Corp.. ED & S Div. 


HFC .. 


Hercules. Inc. 


HXL . . . 


Hexcei Corp., Hexcel Chemical 




Products 


ICI .... 


ICI Americas, Inc., 




Agricultural Chemicals Div. 




Polyurethanes Group 




Specialty Chem Div. 


ISP ... 


Indspec Chemical Corp. 


KAN... 


Kanasco. Ltd 


KHI ... 


Koch Refining Co. 


KLM . . . 


Kalama Chemical, Inc. 


LC ... 


Lord Corp., Chemk:al Products Group 


LEM . . . 


Napp Chemicals. Inc. 


LIL . . . . 


Eli Lilly & Co. 


LLI . . . . 


Lee Laboratories. Inc. 


LIWlC .. 


Lomac, Inc. 


LYP ... 


Lyondell Petrochemical Co. 


MAL . . . 


Maliinckrodt. Inc. 


MER .. 


Merichem Co. 


h4IL ... 


Milliken & Co.. Milliken Chemical Div. 


MLC .. 


Melamine Chemicals. Inc. 


MNA .. 


Monsanto AgricuKure Co. 



See note at end of table. 



3-14 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



Table 3-3 — Continued 

Cyclic intermediates: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1990 



Code 


Name of company 


MOB ... 


Mobay Chemical Corp., Pittsburgh Div. 


MOU . . . 


Monsanto Co. 


NOG. . . . 


Niacet, Corp. 


NCI . . . . 


Union Canrip Corp., B B A Div. 


NEP . . . . 


Nepera, Inc. 


NES . . . . 


Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co. 


NOD . . . . 


Huls America, Inc. 


NSC ... . 


National Starch & Chemical Corp. 


OMC ... 


Olin Corp. 


ORT . . . . 


Roehr Chemicals, Inc., Div. of Aceto 




Corp. 


PAH . . . . 


Parish Chemical Co. 


PAS . . . . 


Atochem North America, Inc. 


PCI 


Piedmont Chemical Industries. Inc. 


PCW . . . 


Plister Chemical, Inc. 


PD 


Parke-Davis Div. of Warner-Lambert 




Co. 


PEL .... 


Pelron Corp. 


PFZ .... 


Pfizer, Inc., & Rizer Pharmaceuticals. 




Inc. 


PHC . . . . 


Phthalchem, Inc. 


PLC . . . . 


. . Phillips 66 Co. 


PPG . . . . 


PPG Industries, Inc. 


PPR . . . . 


Phillips Puerto Rico Core, Inc. 


PPX . . . 


Phillips Paraxylene, Inc. 


PRC . . . . 


Products Research & Chemical Corp. 


PSG . . . . 


PMC, Inc., PMC Specialty Group, Inc. 


QKO . . . . 


OO Chemicals, Inc. 


RAY ... . 


Rayonier Chemical Products. Inc. 


RDA . . . . 


Rhone-Poulenc, Inc. 


REG ... . 


Regis Chemical Co. 


RH 


Rohm & Haas Co. 


RSA . . . . 


R.S.A. Corp. 


RUC . . . . 


Rubicon, Inc. 


S 


Sandoz Chemicals Corp. 


SAL .. . 


Solvay Animal Health Inc. 


SC 


Sterling Chemicals, Inc. 


sec ... . 


Standard Chlorine of Delaware, Inc. 


SCH . . . . 


The Schering Corp. 


SCN . . . . 


Schenectady Chemical, Inc. 



Code 



Name of company 



SCP Henkel Corp. 

SD Sterling Drug, Inc., Sterling 

Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 

SDC Sandoz Chemicals Corp. 

SDW Sterling Drug, Inc., 

Organic Div. 

SHC Shell Chemical Co. 

SK Smithkline Beecham Chemicals 

SOC Chevron Corp., Chevron Chemical Co. 

SOG Hill Petroleum Company 

SOI Specialty Organics. Inc. 

SRL G. D. Searle & Co. 

STP Stepan Co. 

STX St. Croix Petrochemical Corp. 

SUN Sun Company, Inc. 

TCC Sybron Chemicals, Inc. 

TEN Tennessee Chemical Co. 

TLC Twin Lake Chemcal, Inc. 

TLI Teledyne Industries Inc.. Teledyne 

McCormick Selph 

TNA Ethyl Corp. 

TX Texaco Chemical Co. 

UCC Union Carbide Corp., Industrial 

Chemicals Div. 

UOC Union Oil Co., of California 

UPF Stoss Industries 

UPJ Upjohn Co 

UPM UOP, Inc 

USM Crown Metro, Inc. 

USR Uniroyal Chemical Co., Inc. 

UTC Unitex Chemical Corp. 

VCM Vanchem, Inc. 

VEL Velsicol Chemical Corp, 

VNC Vanderbilt Chemcal Corp. 

VPC Mobay Chemical Corp., Dyes & 

Pigments Div. 

VST Vista Chemical Co. 

WAY Olin Hunt Specialty Products. Inc. 

WTC Witco Corp. 

WYK Wyckoff Chemical Co., Inc. 



Note. — Complete names, telephone numt>ers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission 



3-15 



Syntheiic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



Section 4 
Dyes 

Synthetic dyes are derived in whole or in part from 
cychc intermediates. Approximately two-thirds of the 
dyes consumed in the United States are used by the 
textile industry to dye natural and synthetic fibers or 
fabrics; about one-sixth is used for coloring paper, and 
the rest is used chiefly in the production of organic 
pigments and in dyeing leather and plastics. Of the 
several thousand different synthetic dyes that are 
known, more than one thousand are manufactured by 
domestic producers, collectively. The large number of 
dyes results from the many different types of materials 
to which dyes are applied, the different conditions of 
service for which dyes are required, and the cost that a 
particular use can bear. Commercial dyes are 
formulated products which are sold in a variety of 
physical forms (e.g. granular, powders, liquids, and 
pastes) containing concentrations of colorant ranging 
from 6 percent (approximately) to 100 percent. In the 
statistical tables, production and sales quantities are 
expressed in terms of a standard strength of product 
(based on dyeing performance) and not in terms of the 
amount of actual colorant. 



Total domestic production of dyes in 1990 
amounted to 117 million kilograms, or 33 percent less 
than the 174 million kilograms produced in 1989 (table 
4-1). Sales of dyes in 1990 amounted to 103 million 
kilograms, valued at $775 million, compared with 146 
million kilograms, valued at S858 million, m 1989. In 
terms of quantity, sales of dyes in 1990 was 29 percent 
lower, and in terms of value II percent lower. The 
average unit value of sales of all dyes in 1990 was 
$7.46 per kilogram, compared with $5.83 per kilogram 
in 1989. 

Production of five classes of dyes decreased in 
1990, while the remaining six major classes increased 
their production. Fiber-reactive dyes and flourescent 
brightening agents registered significant increases in 
1990 while direct dyes and flourescent brighming agent 
registerd a noticeable declines. Changes in U.S. 
production of synthetic dyes followed overall changes 
in U.S. economic activity during 1986-90 (see figure 
4-1). 

Table 4-2 lists the products reported in this section 
and indicates the manufacturer(s) of each by code. 
These codes are identified by company name in table 

4-3. 

Stephen Wanfer 
202-205-3363 



Figure 4-1 

Oyee: U.$. production. 1986-90 



Millions 
of kilograms 



140 




1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 

Sourca: Compiled from data rac«iv»d in rsspons* to qusstionnair^s of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



4-1 



Section 4 

Table 4-1 

Dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1990 



Dyes 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Average 

Unit 

value' 



1.000 
kilograms 

Grand total 117,135 

Acid dyes 

Total 7.309 

Acid yellow dyes 1 ,91 4 

Acid orange dyes 657 

Acid red dyes, total 990 

Acid violet dyes 26 

Acid blue dyes 1 .91 

Acid Blue 324 564 

All other acid blue dyes 1 .346 

Acid green dyes 115 

Acid brown dyes 627 

Acid black dyes 1 .070 

Basic dyes (classical and modified) 

Total 5.991 

Basic yellow dyes 2.027 

Basic orange dyes 299 

Basic red dyes 650 

Basic violet dyes, total 1.410 

Basic Violet 3 574 

Basic violet 16 96 

All other basic violet dyes 740 

Basic blue dyes 968 

All other basic dyes 637 

Direct dyes 

Total 20.235 

Direct yellow dyes 7,685 

Direct orange dyes 614 

Direct red dyes, total 3,347 

Direct Red 254 1 ,01 6 

All other direct red dyes 2,331 

Direct violet dyes 1 09 

See tootnotes at end ot table. 



1.000 
kilograms 

103,897 



6,295 



4,936 



18,660 



7.358 
523 

3.084 



929 
2.155 



1.000 
dollars 

775,352 



82,533 



72,912 



120.127 



38,512 
3.677 

23.619 



5.709 
17.910 

1.383 



Per 
kilogram 

$7.46 



13.11 



1.532 


17,624 


11.51 


575 


5,245 


9.12 


841 


12.452 


14.81 


26 


596 


22.51 


1,787 


28,807 


16.12 


545 


9.041 


16.60 


1,242 


19,766 


15.91 


115 


1,547 


13.42 


526 


6,786 


12.91 


893 


9.476 


10.62 



14.77 



1.087 
268 


15.500 
3.215 


14.26 
11.99 


645 


9.036 


14.01 


1,409 


15,250 


10.82 


587 
115 
707 


5,287 
1,895 
8,068 


9.01 
16.41 
11.41 


1,004 


18.099 


18.03 


523 


11,812 


16.48 



6.43 



5.24 
7.03 



7.66 



6.15 
8.31 



12.24 



4-2 



Table 4-1 — Continued 

Dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1990 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



Dyes 





Sales 




Average 
Unit 


Productiort 


Quantity 


Value 


value' 


1,000 
kilograms 


1,000 
kilograms 


1.000 
dollars 


Per 
kilogram 



Direct dyes — Continued 

Direct blue dyes, total 3,946 

Direct Blue 80 1 90 

Direct Blue 86 384 

Direct Blue 98 121 

All other direct blue dyes 3,251 

Direct green dyes 27 

Direct brown dyes 136 

Direct black dyes, total 4.371 

Direct black 22 1 .891 

Direct black 80 837 

All other, direct black 1.643 

Disperse dyes 

Total 17.776 

Disperse yellow dyes 1,113 

Disperse orange dyes 6.044 

Disperse red dyes, total 3,867 

1 ■ 

Disperse Red 167 and 167:1 485 

Disperse Red 1 77 99 

All other disperse red dyes 3.283 

Disperse violet dyes 160 

Disperse blue dyes 5.043 

Disperse black, brown and green dyes, total 1 .549 

Disperse Brown 1 335 

All other disperse black, brown, and green dyes .... 1 ,214 

FIber-reactlvc dyes 

Total 13,010 

Fluorescent brightening agents 

Total 17.677 

See footnotes at end of table. 



3,144 



25.479 



$8.10 



156 

338 

107 

2.543 


1,842 

2,411 

1,099 

20,127 


11.83 
7.13 

10.19 
7.92 


11 


191 


17.36 


130 


854 


6.26 


4.306 


26.412 


6.13 


2,073 

819 

1,414 


8,928 
5,937 
11,547 


4.31 
7.25 
8.16 



15,151 



791 
5,502 
3.160 



492 

125 

2.543 

133 
4.361 

1,204 



324 
880 



9,635 



17.879 



110.805 



9.294 
10,436 
27,804 



1,891 

1.672 

24.241 

3.*51 
49,945 

9,875 



2,978 
6.897 



112,427 



75.298 



7.31 

11.75 

1.90 

8.80 

3.84 

13.42 

9.53 

25.95 

11.45 

8.20 

9.20 
7.84 

11.67 

4.21 



4-3 



Section 4 

Table 4-1 — Continued 

Dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1990 



Dyes 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Average 
Unit 
value ' 



1.000 
kilograms 



1.000 
kilograms 



1,000 
dollars 



Per 
kitogram 



Food, drug, and cosmetic colors 

Total 3,747 

Food, drug and cosmetic dyes 3,086 

Drug and cosmetic dyes 661 

Mordant dyes 

Total 9 

Solvent dyes 

Total 6.032 

Solvent yellow dyes 986 

Solvent orange dyes 98 

Solvent red dyes 1 ,488 

Solvent violet dyes 162 

Solvent blue dyes 2,181 

All other solvent dyes 1,117 

Vat dyes 

Total 13,353 

Vat orange dyes 88 

Vat red dyes 153 

Vat violet dyes 111 

Vat blue dyes 12.689 

Vat green dyes 69 

Vat brown dyes 101 

Vat black dyes 142 

All other dyes 

Total* 11,996 



3,596 



3.000 
596 



3,812 



12,716 



51 ,084 



39,137 
11,947 



234 



46,152 



52,899 



$14.21 



13.04 
20.03 



19.76 



12.11 



562 


10,572 


18.80 


127 


2.633 


20.72 


1,417 


15.808 


11.15 


72 


2,022 


28.22 


516 


8,299 


16.08 


1,118 


6,818 


6.10 



4.12 



85 


1.666 


19.55 


168 


3.499 


20.85 


127 


1,868 


14.68 


12.088 


42,783 


3.54 


44 


494 


11.24 


81 


1,174 


14.46 


123 


1,415 


11.48 



11,206 



50,881 



4.54 



' Calculated from unrounded figures. 

^ Reported data were accepted In confiderx:e and may not be published, or no data were reported. 

^ The data include external drug and cosmetic dyes. 

* The data include azoic compositions, azoic coupling components, azoic diazo components (bases and salts). 
sulfur dyes, and miscellaneous dyes. Statistics for those groups of dyes may not be published separately because 
publication would disclose information received in confidence. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



4-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



Table 4-2 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 



Dyes 



Separate Manufacturers ' identHicatiort codes 
statistics ' (according to list in table 4-3) 



Acid dyes: Yes 

Acid yellow dyes: Yes 

Acid Yeltow 3 No 

Acid Yellow 17 No 

Acid Yellow 19 No 

Acid Yeltow 23 No 

Acid Yeltow 34 No 

Acid Yellow 36 No 

Acid Yellow 49 No 

Acid Yellow 59 No 

Acid Yeltow 65 No 

Acid Yeltow 73 No 

Acid Yeltow 114 No 

Acid Yeltow 135 No 

Acid Yellow 137 No 

Acid Yeltow 151 No 

Acid Yeltow 159 No 

Acid Yeltow 1 74 No 

Acid Yeltow 198 No 

Acid Yeltow 200 No 

Acid Yeltow 219 No 

Acid Yeltow 226 No 

All other acid yellow dyes No 

Acid orange dyes: Yes 

Acid Orange 7 No 

Acid Orange 8 No 

Acid Orange 10 No 

Acid Orange 24 , No 

Acid Orange 60 No 

Acid Orange 64 No 

Acid Orange 89 No 

Acid Orange 116 No 

Acid Orange 1 28 No 

Acid Orange 152 No 

Acid Orange 156 , No 

Acid Orange 161 No 

All other acid orange dyes No 

Aad red dyes: Yes 

Acid Red 1 No 

Acid Red 4 No 

Acid Red 14 No 

Acid Red 57 , No 

Acid Red 73 No 

Acid Red 87 No 

Acid Red 88 No 

Acid Red 119 No 

Acid Red 137 No 

Acid Red 151 No 

Acid Red 166 No 

Acid Red 182 No 

Acid Red 226 No 

Acid Red 266 No 

Acid Red 278 No 

Acid Red 296 No 

Acid Red 299 No 

Acid Red 337 No 

Acid Red 364 No 

Acid Red 384 No 

Acid Red 388 No 

Acid Red 400 No 

Acid Red 410 No 

Acid Rod 418 No 

Acid Red 419 No 



BAS. 

ATL, CK, (2). 

CK 

BAS. CK. DGO. LVR. WJ. (2). 

ATL. 

ATL. 

ATL. CK. FAB. 

BAS. CK. 

ATL. CK. 

DGO. 

ICI. 

CK. 

CK. 

CK. 

FAB. 

CK. 

CK. 

CK. 

BAS. 

CK. 

BAS. CK. 

ATL. BAS, CK. 

ATL, CK. 

CK, FAB. 

CK. 

ATL. 

BAS. 

CK. 

CK. 

CK. 

CK. S. 

ATL. 

CK. 

ATL. CK. FAB. 

ATL. FAB. 

ATL. 

CK. 

PSC, S 

(2). 

FAB. 

CK 

ATL. BAS. 

CK. 

FAB. 

CK. VPC. 

BAS. 

CK. 

CK. 

BAS. 

CK 

ATL. CK, FAB. 

CK. 

CK. 

CK. 

ATL. 

ATL. 

CK. 

CK. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



4-S 



Section 4 

Table 4-2 — Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 

Dyes statistics' (according to list in table 4-3) 

Acid dyes-Continued 
Acid red dyes-Continued 

All other acid red dyes No BAS, OK. 

Acid violet dyes: Yes 

Acid Violet 3 No FAB. 

Acid Violet 7 No FAB. 

Acid Violet 12 No FAB. 

Acid Violet 17 No (2). 

Acid Violet 49 No (^. 

Acid blue dyes: Yes 

Acid Blue 9 No BAS, WJ. ('). 

Acid Blue 15 No BAS. 

Acid Blue 25 No VPC. 

Acid Blue 29 No FAB. 

Acid Blue 40 No CK. 

Acid Blue 41 No CK. 

Acid Blue 62 No CK. 

Acid Blue 67 No BAS. 

Acid Blue 92 No FAB. 

Acid Blue 113 No CK. 

Acid Blue 118 No ATI. 

Acid Blue 231 No CK. 

Acid Blue 281 No CK. 

Acid Blue 283 No S. 

Acid Blue 298 No CK. 

Acid Blue 321 No ATL. 

Acid Blue 324 Yes CK. S. VPC. 

Acid Blue 330 No ATL. 

All other acid blue dyes No CK. 

Acid green dyes: Yes 

Acid Green 1 No LVR. 

AcidGreenie No LVR. 

Acid Green 20 No ATL. FAB. 

Acid Green 25 No CK. 

All other acid green dyes No CK. 

Acid brown dyes: Yes 

Acid Brown 14 No CK. 

Acid Brown 19 No CK. 

Acid Brown 50 No BAS. 

Acid Brown 96 No FAB. 

Acid Brown 97 No BAS. FAB. 

Acid Brown 98 No FAB. 

Acid Brown 147 No CK. 

Acid Brown 159 No BAS. 

Acid Brown 160 No BAS. 

Acid Brown 161 No BAS. 

Acid Brown 165 No BAS. 

AcidBrown188 No CK. 

Acid Brown 189 No CK. 

Acid Brown 227 No BAS. 

Acid Brown 239 No CK. 

Acid Brown 264 No BAS. 

Acid Brown 439 No CK. 

All other acid brown dyes No CK. 

Acid black dyes: Yes 

Acid Black 1 No CK. 

Acid Black 2 No ATL. LVR. 

Acid Black 52 No CK. S. 

Acid Black 60 No CK. 

AckJ Black 63 No BAS. 

Acid Black 92 No FAB. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



4-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 4-2 — Continued 

Dyes (or which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers' iderytification codes 

Dyes statistics ' (according to list in table 4-3) 

Acid dyes-Continued 
Acid black dyes-Continued 

Acid Black 107 No OK. 

Acid Black 172 No OK. 

Acid Black 194 No BAS. 

Acid Black 210 No BAS. 

All other acid black dyes No BAS. 

Azoic dyes and components: No 

Azoic compositions: No 

Azoic yellow compositions: No 

Azoic Yellow 1 No BUG. 

Azoic red compositions: No 

Azoic Red 1 No BUG. 

Azoic Red 2 No BUG. 

Azoic Red 6 No BUG. 

All other azoic red compositions No BUG. 

Azoic violet compositions: No 

Azoic Violet 1 No BUG. 

All other azoic violet compositions No BUG. 

Azoic blue compositions: No 

Azoic Blue 3 No BUG. 

Azoic brown compositions: No 

Azoic Brown 9 No BUG. 

Azoic black compositions: No 

Azoic Black 4 No BUG. 

All other azoic black compositbns No BUG. 

Azoic diazo components, bases: No 

Azoic Oiazo Component 5, base No All. 

Azoic Diazo Component 13. base No All. 

Azoc Diazo Component 32. base No All. 

All other azoic diazo components, base No All. 

Azoc diazo components, salts: No 

Azoc Diazo Component 1 , salt No All, BUG. 

Azoc Diazo Component 3, salt No BUG. 

Azok: Diazo Component 5, salt No All, BUG. 

Azoic Diazo Component 8, salt No All, BUG. 

Azoic Diazo Component 9, salt No All, BUG. 

Azoic Diazo Component 10, salt No BUG. 

Azoc Diazo Component 12, salt No All, BUG. 

Azoc Diazo Component 13, salt No All. BUG. 

Azoic Diazo Component 32, salt No ATL. 

Azoic Diazo Component 48, salt No ATL. 

All other azok: diazo components, salt No All. 

Azok; coupling components: No 

Azok: Coupling Component 2 No All. 

Azoic Coupling Component 12 No All. 

Azok: Coupling Component 14 No All. 

Azok: Coupling Component 18 No All. 

Azok: Coupling Component 20 No PGW. 

Azoic Coupling Component 29 No PGW. 

Basic dyes (classical and modified): Yes 

Bask: yellow dyes: Yes 

Basic Yellow 11 No ATL, GK. 

Basic Yeltow 15 No GK. 

Basic Yeltow 28 No BAS. VPG. 

Basic Yeltow 29 No BAS. 

Basic Yeltow 53 No GK. 

Basic Yeltow 58 No VPG. 

Basic Yeltow 65 No BAS. 

Basic Yeltow 78 No BAS. 

Basic Yeltow 79 No GK. 



See footnotes at end of table 



4-7 



Section 4 

Table 4-2 — Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers ' ideritification codes 

Dyes statistics ' (accordirtg to list in table 4-3) 

Basic dyes (classical and modlfled)-Contlnued 
Basic yellow dyes-Continued 

Basic Yellow 83 No OK. 

Basic Yellow 94 No S. 

Basic Yellow 96 No BAS. 

Basic Yellow 98 No BAS. 

Basic Yellow 102 No BAS. 

All other, basic yellow dyes No BAS. 

All other basic yellow dyes, modified No (^. 

Basic orange dyes: Yes 

Basic Orange 1 No ATL. BAS, OK. 

Basic Orange 2 No ATL. BAS, PSC. 

Basic Orange 21 No ATL. VPC. 

Basic Orange 26 Ho OK. 

All other basic orange dyes No BAS, (^). 

Basic red dyes: Yes 

Basic Red 12 No ATL. VPC. 

Basic Red 14 No ATL. BAS. CK. 

Basic Red 15 No ATL. BAS. CK. 

Basic Red 17 No CK. 

Basic Red 29 No BAS. 

Basic Red 46 No CK. 

Basic Red 49 No BAS. 

Basic Red 54 No BAS. 

Basic Red 73 No CK. 

Basic Red 104 No CK. 

Basic Red 111 No S. 

All other, basic red dyes No BAS, (*). 

Basic violet dyes: Yes 

Basic Violet 1 No BAS. DSC. 

Basic Violet 3 No BAS. CK. DSC. 

Basic Violet 4 No BAS. DSC. 

Basic Violet 10 No BAS. 

Basic Violet 16 Yes ATL. CK, VPC. 

Basic Violet 35 No BAS. 

All other basic violet dyes No BAS, (^). 

Basic blue dyes: Yes 

Basic Blue 1 No BAS. 

Basic Blue 3 No BAS, CK. 

Basic Blue 7 No DSC. 

Basic Blue 10 No BAS. 

Basic Blue 21 No CK. 

Basic Blue 41 No BAS. 

Basic Blue 60 No BAS. 

Basic Blue 77 No CK. 

Basic Blue 94 and 94:1 No CK. 

Basic Blue 140 No S, VPC. 

Basic Blue 152 No BAS. 

All other basic blue dyes No BAS. (*). 

All other basic blue dyes, modified No BAS. 

Basic green dyes: Yes 

Basic Green 1 No BAS. 

Basic Green 4 No fi. 

All other basic green dyes No BAS. 

Basic brown dyes: Yes 

Basic Brown 1 No PSC. 

Basic Brown 4 No BAS. PSC. 

All other basic brown dyes No BAS. 

Basic black dyes: Yes 

Basic Black 1 No (f). 

All other basic black dyes No BAS. (2). 



See footnotes at end of table. 
4-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 4-2 — Continuad 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

Dyes statistics ' (according to list in table 4-3) 

Basic dyes (classical and modlfied)-Continued 
Basic black dyes-Continued 

All other modified basic black dyes No BAS. 

Direct dyes: Yes 

Direct yellow dyes: Yes 

Direct Yeltow 4 No BAS. CK, LVR, VPC. 

Direct Yellow 5 No BAS. 

Direct Yeltow 6 No VPC. 

Direct Yellow 11 No BAS, VPC. 

Direct Yellow 28 No CK. 

Direct Yeltow 34 No CK. 

Direct Yeltow 44 No CK. 

Direct Yeltow 51 No S. 

Direct Yeltow 105 No CK. 

Direct Yeltow 106 No CK. 

Direct Yeltow 107 No CK. 

Direct Yeltow 118 No CK. 

Direct Yellow 119 No VPC. 

Direct Yeltow 127 No BAS, CK. S. VPC. 

Direct Yeltow 131 No VPC. 

Direct Yeltow 132 No S. 

Direct Yeltow 133 No S. 

Direct Yeltow 137 No VPC. 

Direct Yeltow 147 No BAS. VPC. 

Direct Yeltow 148 No S. 

Direct Yeltow 154 No VPC. 

All other direct yeltow dyes No ATL. BAS. CK. 

Direct orange dyes: Yes 

Direct Orange 15 No VPC. 

Direct Orange 26 No CK. 

Direct Orange 34 No FAB. 

Direct Orange 39 No CK. 

Direct Orange 72 No CK. 

Direct Orange 80 No ATL. 

Direct Orange 102 No BAS. VPC. 

Direct Orange 118 No S. 

All other direct orange dyes No ATL. BAS. 

Direct red dyes: Yes 

Direct Red 9 No CK. 

Direct Red 16 No ATL. FAB. 

Direct Red 24 No ATL. FAB. 

Direct Red 26 No ATL. 

Direct Red 72 No CK. 

Direct Red 73 No ATL. 

Direct Red 80 No ATL. CK. 

Direct Red 81 No ATL, CK. FAB, VPC. 

Direct Red 83 No ATL, CK, FAB. 

Direct Red 224 No CK. 

Direct Red 227 No ATL. 

Direct Red 236 No BAS. VPC. 

Direct Red 238 No VPC. 

Direct Red 239 No BAS, CK, S. 

Direct Red 254 Yes BAS, CK, VPC. 

All other direct red dyes No ATL. BAS. CK. VPC. 

Direct vtolet dyes: Yes 

Direct Vtolet 9 No ATL. 

Direct Violet 66 No ATL. 

Direct Violet 99 No VPC. 

Direct Violet 1 95 No CK. 

All other direct violet dyes No BAS. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



4-9 



Section 4 

Table 4-2 — Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 

Dyes statistics ' (according to list in table 4-3) 

Direct dyes-Continued 

Direct blue dyes: Yes 

Direct Blue 15 No VPC. 

Direct Blue 25 No ATL. FAB. 

Direct Blue 75 No OK. S. 

Direct Blue 76 No OK. 

Direct Blue 80 No ATL. OK, FAB. 

Direct Blue 86 No OK. S. VPC. 

Direct Blue 98 No ATL. OK. FAB. 

Direct Blue 100 No FAB. 

Direct Blue 108 No ATL. 

Direct Blue 1 20. 1 20:1 . 1 20:2. and 1 20:3 No FAB. 

Direct Blue 160 No CK. 

Direct Blue 189 No CK. 

Direct Blue 191 No CK. 

Direct Blue 199 No BAS, S. VPC. 

Direct Blue 218 No CK. FAB, VPC. 

Direct Blue 269 No VPC. 

Direct Blue 279 No VPC. 

Direct Blue 281 No VPC. 

Direct Blue 283 No ATL. 

Direct Blue 285 No ATL. 

Direct Blue 286 No ATL. 

All other direct blue dyes No ATL. BAS. S. VPC. 

Direct green dyes: Yes 

Direct Green 92 No ATL. 

All other direct green dyes No FAB. 

Direct brown dyes: Yes 

Direct Brown 44 No FAB. 

Direct Brown 231 No ATL. 

Direct Brown 232 No ATL. 

All other direct brown dyes No BAS. FAB, VPC. 

Direct blacit dyes: Yes 

Direct Black 22 Yes ATL. CK. FAB. 

Direct Black 80 Yes ATL, CK. FAB. 

Direct Black 163 No S. 

Direct Black 165 No ATL. 

Direct Black 170 No ATL. 

Direct Black 179 No CK. 

All other direct black dyes No ATL. BAS, CK, FAB. VPC. 

Disperse dyes: 

Disperse yeltow dyes: Yes 

Disperse Yellow 3 No CK. FAB. 

Disperse Yellow 23 No ATL. CK. 

Disperse Yeltow 34 No EKT. 

Disperse Yeltow 42 No CK. S. 

Disperse Yellow 54 No BAS. 

Disperse Yelkjw 64 No BAS. HCL. 

Disperse Yellow 77 No VPC. 

Disperse Yellow 86 No CK. EKT 

Disperse Yellow 88 No EKT. 

Disperse Yellow 108 No EKT. 

Disperse Yellow 114 No HCL. 

Disperse Yellow 1 26 No ICI. 

Disperse Yellow 198 No BAS. 

Disperse Yellow 219 No S. 

Disperse Yeltow 238 No CK. 

Disperse Yellow 239 No CK. 

All other disperse yellow dyes No BAS. ICI. VPC. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



4-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 4-2 — Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Dyes statistics ' (according to list in table 4-3) 

Disperse dyes-Continued 

Disperse orange dyes: 

Disperse Orange 3 No ATL. OK. 

Disperse Orange 25 and 25:1 No ATL, OK. ICI. 

Disperse Orange 29 No OK. 

Disperse Orange 30 No ATL. BUG, OK, S, SDC. 

Disperse Orange 37 No ATL. CK, EKT. 

Disperse Orange 41 No CK, EKT. S. 

Disperse Orange 44 and 44:1 No ATL. CK. EKT. 

Disperse Orange 73 No ATL, BAS. 

Disperse Orange 89 No CK. 

Disperse Orange 94 No S. 

Disperse Orange 138 No EKT. 

Disperse Orange 153 No CK. 

Disperse red dyes: Yes 

Disperse Red 1 No ATL. CK. 

Disperse Red 5 No ATL. CK. 

Disperse Red 13 No ATL. 

Disperse Red 17 No ATL, CK. 

Disperse Red 22 No MRT 

Disperse Red 30 No EKT. 

Disperse Red 50 No CK. 

Disperse Red 55 No BAS. 

Disperse Red 60 No BAS. 

Disperse Red 65 No CK. 

Disperse Red 73 No ATL, CK, S. 

Disperse Red 74 No S. 

Disperse Red 86 No S. SDC. 

Disperse Red 88 No EKT. 

Disperse Red 91 No BAS, EKT 

Disperse Red 117 No EKT. 

Disperse Red 135 No CK. 

Disperse Red 136 No EKT. 

Disperse Red 137 No EKT. 

Disperse Red 145 No CK. 

Disperse Red 153 No CK, FAB, S. 

Disperse Red 159 No VPC. 

Disperse Red 167 and 167:1 Yes ATL. CK. EKT. S. 

Disperse Red 177 Yes CK. ICI, S. 

Disperse Red 179 No BAS, CK, S. 

Disperse Red 263 No BAS. 

Disperse Red 273 No S. 

Disperse Red 274 No S. 

Disperse Red 278 No ICI. 

Disperse Red 307 No EKT. 

Disperse Red 311 No ICI. 

Disperse Red 313 No S. 

Disperse Red 316 No S. 

Disperse Red 325 No CK. 

Disperse Red 333 No S. 

Disperse Red 338 No EKT. 

Disperse Red 339 No EKT. 

Disperse Red 340 No EKT. 

Disperse Red 345 No CK. 

Disperse Red 358 No HCL. 

All other disperse red dyes No BAS, SDC. 

Disperse violet dyes: Yes 

Disperse Violet 1 I^o CK. 

Disperse Violet 17 No CK. 

Disperse Violet 28 No CK. 

Disperse Violet 33 No ICI. S. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



4-11 



Section 4 

Table 4-2 — Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 



Dyes 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 4-3} 



Disperse dyes-Continued 
Disperse violet dyes-Continued 

Disperse Violet 36 No 

Disperse Violet 48 No 

Disperse Violet 60 No 

All other disperse violet dyes No 

Disperse blue dyes: Yes 

Disperse Blue 1 No 

Disperse Blue 3 No 

Disperse Blue 14 No 

Disperse Blue 27 No 

Disperse Blue 60 No 

Disperse Blue 62 No 

Disperse Blue 64 No 

Disperse Blue 73 No 

Disperse Blue 79 No 

Disperse Blue 95 No 

Disperse Blue 102 No 

Disperse Blue 106 No 

Disperse Blue 118 No 

Disperse Blue 148 No 

Disperse Blue 175 No 

Disperse Blue 183 No 

Disperse Blue 200 No 

Disperse Blue 281 No 

Disperse Blue 284 No 

Disperse Blue 291 No 

Disperse Blue 333 No 

Disperse Blue 337 No 

Disperse Blue 359 No 

All other disperse blue dyes No 

Disperse green dyes: No 

Disperse Green 9 No 

Disperse brown dyes: No 

Disperse Brown 1 No 

Disperse Brown 18 No 

Disperse Brown 22 No 

Disperse Brown 26 No 

Disperse Brown 27 No 

Disperse black dyes: No 

Disperse Black 9 No 

All other disperse black dyes No 

Fiber-reactive dyes: Yes 

Reactive yellow dyes: No 

Reactive Yellow 17 No 

Reactive Yellow 18 No 

Reactive Yellow 37 No 

Reactive Yellow 86 No 

Reactive Yellow 125 No 

Reactive Yellow 135 No 

Reactive Yellow 1 60 No 

All other reactive yeltow dyes No 

Reactive orange dyes: No 

Reactive Orange 1 No 

Reactive Orange 4 No 

Reactive Orange 12 No 

Reactive Orange 13 No 

Reactive Orange 16 No 

Reactive Orange 20 No 

Reactive Orange 72 No 

Reactive Orange 78 No 



S. 

HCL. 
S. 
CK. 

OK. 

CK. EKT. 

CK. 

EKT. 

BAS. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

S. 

BAS, BUC, ICI, S. 

HCL. 

CK. EKT 

CK. 

EKT. 

BAS. 

CK. 

S. 

ICI. 

S. 

ICI. 

CK. S. 

HCL. 

EKT. 

CK. 

ATL. BAS, BUC. HCL. ICI. SDC. 

iCI. 

ATL. BUC. CK. S. SDC. 

S. 

EKT. 

CK. 

CK. 

ATL, CK. EKT. FAB. 
BAS. SDC. 



HCL. 

ICI. 

HCL. 

ICI. 

S. 

ICI. 

HCL. 

HCL. 

ICI. 

ICI. 

ICI. 

ICI. 

ATL. CK. HCL. 

CK. 

CK. 

HCL. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



4-12 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 4-2 — Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers ' ider\tification codes 

Dyes statistics ' (according to list in table 4-3) 

Fiber-reactive dyes-Continued 
Reactive orange dyes-Continued 

Reactive Orange 84 No 101. 

Reactive Orange 86 No 101. 

All other reactive orange dyes No HOL. 

Reactive red dyes: No 

Reactive Red 2 No OK, 101. 

Reactive Red 11 No 101. 

Reactive Red 21 No HOL. 

Reactive Red 31 No iOI. 

Reactive Red 43 No OK. ICI. 

Reactive Red 49 No HOL. 

Reactive Red 94 No HOL. 

Reactive Red 120 No ATL. OK. iOI. S. 

Reactive Red 141 No IOI. 

Reactive Red 1 47 No S. 

Reactive Red 1 80 No HOL. 

Reactive Red 1 98 No ATL. 

Realtive Red 35 No HOL. 

All other reactive red dyes No ATL. OK, HOL. 

Reactive violet dyes: No 

Reactive Violet 1 No ICI. 

Reactive Violet 5 No HOL. 

Reactive Violet 33 No S. 

All other reactive violet dyes No HOL. IOI. 

Reactive blue dyes: No 

Reactive Blue 3 No IOI. 

Reactive Blue 4 No OK. iOI. 

Reactive Blue 7 No OK. 

Reactive Blue 19 No HOL. 

Reactive Blue 21 No HOL. 

Reactive Blue 28 No OK. 

Reactive Blue 38 No HOL. 

Reactive Blue 41 No S. 

Reactive Blue 71 No IOI. 

Reactive Blue 89 No IOI. 

Reactive Blue 1 99 No IOI. 

All other reactive blue dyes No HOL. IOI. 

Reactive green dyes: No 

Reactive Green 19 No ICI. 

Reactive brown dyes: No 

Reactive Brown 1 No IOI. 

Reactive Brown 17 No IOI. 

Reactive Brown 18 No HOL. 

All other reactive brown dyes No HOL. 

Reactive black dyes: No 

Reactive Black 5 No ATL. OK. HOL. S. 

Reactive Black 9 No ICI. 

All other reactive black dyes No HOL. 

Fluorescent brighteners: Yes 

Fluorescent Brightener 28 No VPO. 

Fluorescent Brightener 49 No S. 

Fluorescent Brightener 52 No S. 

Fluorescent Brightener 61 No BAS. 

Fluorescent Brightener 71 No VPC. 

Fluorescent Brightener 130 No BAS. 

Fluorescent Brightener 205 No VPC. 

Fluorescent Brightener 231 No S. 

Fluorescent Brightener 232 No S. 

Fluorescent Brightener 290 No S. 

All other fluorescent brighteners No S. VPC, (*). 



See footnotes at end of table 



4-13 



Section 4 

Table 4-2 — Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 

Separata Manufacturors' identification codes 

Dyes statistics ' (according to list in table 4-3) 

Food, drug, and cosmetic colors: Yes 

Food, drug, and cosmetic dyes; Yes 

Food, Drug, and Ck)smetic Blue 1 No WJ. 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Blue 2 No WJ, 0. 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Green 3 No WJ. 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Red 3 No WJ. 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Red 4 No CK. 

Food. Drug, and Cosmetic Red 40 No WJ. ('). 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Yellow 5 No WJ. 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Yellow 6 No CK. WJ, (2). 

Drug and cosmetic dyes: Yes 

Drug And Cosmetic Red 57:1 No SNA. 

Drug And Cosmetic Red 63 No SNA. 

Drug And Cosmetic Red 11 No SNA. 

Drug and Cosmetic Green 5 No CK. 

Drug and Cosmetic Green 8 No (^. 

Drug and Cosmetic Orange 4 No CK. 

Drug and Cosmetic Orange 5 No CCG, SNA. 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 3 No CCG. 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 6 No CCG. SNA. {^). 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 7 No CCG. SNA. {% 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 17 No WJ. 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 21 No CCG. SNA. 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 27 No CCG. SNA. {'). 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 30 No CCG. SNA. 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 33 No CCG. CK, SNA. 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 34 No CCG, SNA. 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 36 No SNA. 

Drug and Cosmetic Yellow 5 No CCG. 

Drug and Cosmetic Yellow 10 No CK. (^. 

Drug and cosmetic dyes, external: No 

External Drug and Cosmetic Orange 3 No CK. 

Ingrain dyes: No 

inorain blue dyes: No 

Ingrain Blue 2 No WJ. 

Mordant dyes: Yes 

Mordant yellow dyes: No 

Mordant Yellow 16 No ATL. 

Mordant Yellow 20 No FAB. 

Mordant orange dyes: No 

Mordant Orange 3 No FAB. 

Mordant Orange 6 No ATL. FAB. 

Mordant brown dyes: No 

Mordant Brown 1 No FAB. 

Mordant Brown 70 No FAB. 

Solvent dyes: Yes 

Solvent yellow dyes: No 

Solvent Yellow 3 No PSC. 

Solvent Yellow 13 No BAS. FAB. 

Solvent Yellow 14 No PSC. 

Solvent Yellow 16 No PSC. 

Solvent Yellow 33 No BAS, CIC, MRT 

Solvent Yellow 40 No CK. 

Solvent Yellow 42 No CK. 

Solvent Yellow 43 No HCL. MRT 

Solvent Yellow 56 No PSC. 

Solvent Yellow 72 No CIC. FAB, PSC. UCM. 

Solvent Yellow 94 No (^. 

Solvent Yellow 107 No MRT 

Solvent Yellow 131 No DGO. 

Solvent Yellow 135 No (^. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



4-14 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 4-2 — Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 

Dyes statistics ' (according to list in table 4-3) 

Solvent dyes-Continued 
Solvent yellow dyes-Continued 

Solvent Yellow 143 No MRT. 

Solvent Yellow 160 No (^. 

Solvent Yellow 161 No MRT. 

Solvent Yellow 167 No GIG. 

All other solvent yellow dyes No ATL, MIL. MRT. {'). 

Solvent orange dyes: Yes 

Solvent Orange 2 No PSG. 

Solvent Orange 3 No BAS, PSG. 

Solvent Orange 7 No ATL. PSG. 

Solvent Orange 20 No BAS. GK. FAB. 

Solvent Orange 23 No GK. 

Solvent Orange 31 No PSG. 

Solvent Orange 60 No GIG. 

Solvent Orange 77 No MRT 

Solvent Orange 97 No MRT. 

All other solvent orange dyes No {'). 

Solvent red dyes: Yes 

Solvent Red 1 No PSG. 

Solvent Red 23 No PSG. 

Solvent Red 24 No PSG. 

Solvent Red 26 No PSG. 

Solvent Red 27 No PSG. 

Solvent Red 49 No BAS. 

Solvent Red 68 No ATL. GK, MRT 

Solvent Red 111 No MRT 

Solvent Red 164 No AG. MRT (^). 

Solvent Red 166 No MRT 

Solvent Red 168 No MRT 

Solvent Red 169 No MRT 

Solvent Red 172 No MRT 

Solvent Red 1 75 No MRT 

Solvent Red 179 No GIG. 

Solvent Red 207 No MRT 

Solvent Red 208 No MRT 

All other solvent red dyes No ATL. MIL. PSG. 

Solvent violet dyes: Yes 

Solvent Violet 8 No DSG. 

Solvent Violet 9 No DSG. 

Solvent Violet 11 No GK. 

Solvent Violet 13 No GK. 

Solvent Violet 14 No MRT 

Solvent Violet 38 No MRT 

All other solvent violet dyes No MIL. 

Solvent blue dyes: Yes 

Solvent Blue 3 No PSG. 

Solvent Blue 4 No BAS. 

Solvent Blue 5 No DSG. 

Solvent Blue 23 No BAS. 

Solvent Blue 35 No AG. MRT UGM. 

Solvent Blue 36 No MRT 

Solvent Blue 38 No ATL. TNI. 

Solvent Blue 58 No VPG. 

Solvent Blue 59 No MRT VPG. 

Solvent Blue 98 No MRT 

Solvent Blue 99 No MRT 

Solvent Blue 1 00 No MRT 

Solvent Blue 101 No MRT 

Solvent Blue 102 No MRT 

Solvent Blue 128 No MRT 



See footnotes at end of table. 



4-lS 



Section 4 

Table 4-2 — Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 

Qyes statistics ' (according to list in table 4-3) 

Solvent dyes-Continued 
Solvent blue dyes-Continued 

Solvent Blue 129 No MRT. 

All other solvent blue dyes No MIL. 

Solvent green dyes: ,.^ ^.n-r 

Solvent Green 3 No CK, MRT. 

Solvent brown dyes: No 

Solvent Brown 12 No PSC. 

Solvent Brown 20 No ATL. 

Solvent Brown 22 No PSC. 

Solvent Brown 38 No FAB. 

Solvent Brown 52 No MRT. 

Solvent black dyes: No 

Solvent Black 7 No BAS. OCC. PSC. 

Solvent Black 13 No CK. 

Solvent Black 26 No FAB. 

Solvent Black 46 No MRT 

Solvent Black 47 No MRT 

Solvent Black 49 No MRT 

Sulfur dyes: No 

Sulfur yellow dyes: No 

Leuco Sulfur Yellow 22 No SDC. 

All other sulfur yellow dyes No SDC. 

Sulfur orange dyes: No 

All other sulfur orange dyes No SDC. 

Sulfur red dyes: No 

Leuco Sulfur Red 14 No SDC. 

Sulfur Red 10 No SDC. 

Sulfur blue dyes: No 

Leuco Sulfur Blue 7 No S, SDC. 

Leuco Sulfur Blue 11 No SDC. 

Leuco Sulfur Blue 20 No S. 

Sulfur green dyes: No 

Leuco Sulfur Green 2 No SDC. 

Leuco SuHur Green 16 No SDC. 

Leuco Sulfur Green 34 No SDC. 

Leuco SuHur Green 35 No SDC. 

Leuco Sulfur Green 36 No SDC. 

Sulfur brown dyes: No 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 1.1:1 No SDC. 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 3 No SDC. 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 37 No S, SDC. 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 52 No SDC. 

Sulfur Brown 96 No S. 

All other sulfur brown dyes No SDC. 

Sulfur black dyes: No 

Leuco SuHur Black 1 No SDC. 

Leuco Sulfur Black 2 No S, SDC. 

Leuco Sulfur Black 11. 11:1 No SDC. 

Leuco Sulfur Black 18 No SDC. 

Solubilized Sulfur Black 2 No SDC. 

Sulfur Black 2 No SDC. 

Sulfur Black 11, 11:1 No SDC. 

Vat dyes: Yes 

Vat orange dyes: Yes 

Vat Orange 1. 20% No SDC. 

Vat Orange 2, 12% No BAS. 

Vat Orange 7. 11% No HCL. 

Vat Orange 9. 12% No BAS. 

Vat red dyes: Yes 

Vat Red 1. 13% No BAS. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



4-16 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 4-2 — Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers ' ider}tification codes 
Dyes statistics ' (according to list in table 4-3) 

Vat dyes-Continued 
Vat red dyes-Continued 

Vat Red 10, 18% No BAS. 

Val Red 15, 10% No HCL 

All other vat red dyes No HCL. 

Vat violet dyes: Yes 

Vat Violet 13, 6-1/4% No BAS. SDC. 

Vat blue dyes: Yes 

Vat Blue 1, 20% No BOO. 

Vat Blue 6, 8-1/3% No BAS, SDC. 

Vat Blue 16. 16% No BAS. 

Vat Blue 19 No BAS. 

Vat Blue 29 No BAS. 

Vat Blue 43 No S. SDC. 

Vat Blue 66 No BAS. 

All other vat blue dyes No SDC. 

Vat green dyes: Yes 

Vat Green 1.6% No SDC. 

Vat Green 3. 10% No SDC. 

Vat Green 7 No SDC. 

Vat brown dyes: Yes 

Vat Brown 57. 12.8% No HCL 

All other vat brown dyes No HCL. 

Vat black dyes: Yes 

Vat Black 22. 19% No SDC. 

Vat Black 25, 12-1/2% No BAS. SDC. 

Vat Black 63 No S. 

Miscellaneous dyes: No 

All other dyes No DAN, MRT, SDC. 

' Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by "yes.' Chemk^als for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated t>y 'no.' 

^ The manufacturer did not consent to his kjentification with the designated products. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commissbn. 



4-17 



Section 4 

Table 4-3 

Dyes: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1990 



Code 



Name of company 



Code Name of company 

tCI ICI Americas, Inc., Specialty Chem Div. 

LVR C. Lever Co., Inc. 

MIL Milliken & Co., Milllken Chemical Div. 

MRT Morton International, Inc., Specialty 

Chemicals 

OCC Orient Chemical Corp. 

PCW Pfister Chemical, Inc. 

PSC Passaic Color & Chemical Co. 

PSG PMC. Inc., PMC Specialities Group, Inc. 

S Sandoz Chemical Corp., 

SDC Colors & Chemicals Div. 

SNA Sun Chemical Corp., Pigments Div. 

TNI Gillette Co., Chemical Div. 

UCM United Color Manufacturing Co. 

VPC Mobay Chemical Corp., Dyes & 

Pigments Div. 

WJ Warner-Jenkinson Co. 



ALL Alliance Chemical, Inc. 

ATL Atlantic Industries, Inc. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BCC Buffalo Color Corp. 

BUC Synalloy Corp., Blackman Uhler 

Chemical Div. 

CCG Clark Color/HK Color Group 

CIC Color Chem International Corp. 

CK Crompton & Knowles Corp. 

DAN Dan River, Inc., Chemical Products Div. 

DGO Day-Glo Color Corp. 

DSC Dye Specialties, Inc. 

EKT Eastman Kodak Co., Tennessee 

Eastman Co. Div. 

FAB Fabriootor Manufacturing Corp. 

HCL Hoechst Celanese Corp.: 

Sou-Tex Works 

Specialty Chem Group 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaire of the U.S. International Trade Commisskin. 



4-18 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



Section 5 
Organic Pigments 

Organic pigmenis are toners and lakes' derived in 
whole or in part from benzenoid chemicals and colors. 

Statistics on production and sales of all organic 
pigments in 1989 are given in table 5-1. Individual 
toners and lakes are identified in this report by the 
names used in the third edition of the Colour Index. 

Total production of organic pigments in 1990 was 
52 million kilograms, 4 percent more than the 50 
milUon kilograms produc»J in 1989. Total sales of 
organic pigments in 1990 amounted to 45 million 
kilogams, valued at S717 million, compared with 43 
million kilograms, valued at $697 million, in 1989. In 
terms of quantity, sales of organic pigments in 1990 
were 5 percent higher than in 1989; in terms of value, 
sales in 1990 were 3 percent higher than in 1989. 
Changes in U.S. production of pigments have followed 
overall changes in U.S. economic activity during 
1986-90 (see figure 5-1). 



' Toners and lakes are essentially (he same in their fmal form; 
they differ in the method of preparation. A lake is an organic 
pigment produced by the interaction of a soluble dye, a 
pecipitant, and an absorptive inorganic substrate. A toner is an 
insoluble dye produced as a powder, some toners are extended 
by the inclusion of a solid diluent. 



Production of toners in 1990 accounted for 99.4 
percent of total pigment production. Changes in loner 
production and sales mirrored changes in production 
and sales of total pigments. The individual loners listed 
in the report which were produced in the largest 
quantities in 1990 were Pigment Yellow 12, Pigment 
Yellow 14, Pigment Red 48:1 barium loner. Pigment 
Red 49; 1 barium toner. Pigment Red 53:1 barium toner. 
Pigment Red 57:1, calcium loner. Pigment Violet 19, 
Pigment Blue 15:3, beta form, and Pigment Green 7. 

Production of lakes totaled 288,000 kilograms in 
1990, 6 percent lower than the 307,000 pounds 
reported for 1989. Sales of lakes in 1990 amounted to 
204,000 kilograms, valued at $3.8 million. In terms of 
quantity, sales of lakes in 1990 were 7 percent lower 
than in 1989; in terms of value, sales in 1990 were 
Mercent higher lower than in 1989. 

Table 5-2 lists the products reported in this section 
and indicates the manufacturer(s) of each by code. 
These codes are identified by company name in table 

5-3. 

Stephen Wanser 
202-205-3363 



Figure 5-1 

Organic pigments: U.S. production, 1986-90 



Millions 
of kilograms 



60- 




1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



5-1 



Section 5 

Table 5-1 

Organic pigments: U.S. production and sales, 1990 



Organic pigments 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value' 



Average 

Unit 

value' 



Grand Total 

Toners 

Total 

Yellow toners, total 

Acetoacetarylide yellows, total 

Pigment Yellow 3, C.I. 11 710 

Pigment Yellow 65, C.I. 11 740 

Pigment Yellow 74. C.I. 11 741 

All other acetoacetarylide yellows 

Diarylide yellows, total 

Pigment Yellow 12. C.I. 21 090 

Pigment Yellow 13, C.I. 21 100 

Pigment Yellow 14. C.I. 21 095 

Pigment Yellow 17, C.I. 21 105 

Pigment Yellow 83, C.I. 21 108 

All other yellow toners 

Orange toners, total 

Pigment Orange 5, C.I. 21 075 

Pigment Orange 13 

Pigment Orange 16. C.I. 21 160 

Pigment Orange 34 

Pigment Orange 46. C.I. 15 602 

All other orange toners 

Red toners, total 

Naphthol reds, total 

Pigment Red 2, C.I. 12 310 

Pigment Red 17, C.I. 12 390 

Pigment Red 22, C.I. 12 315 

Pigment Red 23, C.I. 12 355 

Pigment Red 31 

All other naphthol reds 

Other red toner, total 

Pigment Red 3. C.I. 12 120 

Pigment Red 4, C.I. 1 2 085 

Pigment Red 38, C.I. 12 120 

Pigment Red 48:1. barium toner. C.I. 15 865 . 

Pigment Red 48:2, calcium toner. C.I. 15 865 

Pigment Red 49:1, barium toner, C.I. 15 630 . 



1,000 
Kilograms 
dry basis^ 



1.000 
Kilogtams 
dry basis^ 



1,000 
dollars 



52.551 


44,773 


717,194 


52.263 


44,569 


713,357 


14.176 


11.126 


137.826 



Per 
kilogram 

$16.01 



16.08 



12.39 



1.311 


809 


14.448 


17.86 


53 


44 


507 


11.40 


105 


104 


2.007 


19.32 


378 


376 


7.329 


19.48 


775 


285 


4,605 


16.17 


12.788 


10.255 


120.900 


11.79 


8,850 


6.663 


75.371 


11.31 


278 


236 


3,404 


14.41 


2.863 


2,612 


26.463 


10.13 


276 


261 


4.065 


15.57 


521 


483 


11.597 


24.03 


77 


62 


2,478 


39.97 


1,288 


1.099 


15,848 


14.42 


484 


327 


3,930 


12.03 


65 


60 


1,325 


22.07 


258 


247 


4,201 


16.99 


57 


45 


992 


22.23 


385 


382 


4,741 


12.42 


39 


38 


659 


17.38 


18,448 


16,754 


275,982 


16.47 


924 


885 


24.662 


27.87 


20 


22 


714 


32.58 


19 


8 


191 


22.56 


140 


141 


2,897 


20.52 


70 


89 


2,397 


27.02 


7 


6 


147 


26.11 


668 


619 


18.316 


29.57 


17.524 


15.869 


251 ,320 


15.83 


352 


330 


4,837 


14.64 


35 


39 


602 


15.51 


91 


78 


1.697 


24.18 


901 


985 


14.009 


14.22 


964 


1,014 


13,368 


13.19 


2,304 


2,060 


20,460 


9.93 



See footnotes at end of table. 



5-2 



Table 5-1 — Continued 

Organic pigments: U.S. production and sales, 1990 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



Organic pigments 





Sales 




Average 








Unit 
value^ 


Production 


Quantity 


Value' 


1,000 


1.000 


1.000 


Per 


Kilograms 


Kilogtams 


dollars 


kilogram 


dry basis^ 


dry basis^ 






461 


414 


5,438 


$13.12 


671 


650 


8,291 


12.75 


1.962 


1,902 


19,524 


10.26 


8.247 


6.251 


72,072 


11.53 


218 


221 


8,617 


39.08 


8 


7 


358 


50.80 


1,310 


1.918 


82.047 


42.56 


808 


1,362 


66.939 


49.15 


13 


13 


506 


38.27 


795 


1.349 


66,433 


49.25 


16,101 


12,829 


186,657 


14.55 


18 


15 


624 


40.84 


229 


269 


5,078 


18.87 


520 


506 


11,188 


22.13 


8,749 


7.129 


96,924 


13.60 


630 


502 


7.601 


15.13 


5.955 


4.408 


65.242 


14.80 


1.421 


1,378 


29,940 


21.73 


1,363 


1,314 


27,716 


21.09 


38 


43 


1,179 


27.45 


20 


21 


1,045 


48.93 



Red toners — Continued 

Pigment Red 49;2, calcium toner, 0.1. 15 630 
Pigment Red 52:1, calcium toner, C.I. 15 860 
Pigment Red 53:1, barium toner, C.I. 15 585 . 
Pigment Red 57:1 , calcium toner. C.I. 15 850 

Pigment Red 81 , PMA, C.I. 45 160 

Pigment Red 81 PTA 

All other red toners 

Violet toners, total 

Pigment Violet 1. C.I. 45 170 

All other violet toners 

Blue toners, total 

Pigment Blue 1 , (PMA), C.I. 42 595 

Pigment Blue 15, alpha form, C.I. 74 160 

Pigment Blue 15:1, alpha form, C.I. 74 160 . . . . 

Pigment Blue 15:3, beta form, C.I. 74 160 

Pigment Blue 15:4. beta form. C.I. 74 160 

All other blue toners 

Green toners, total 

Pigment Green 7, C.I. 74 260 

Pigment Green 36 

All other green toners 

Brown and black toners 

Lakes 

Total 

Pigment Red 83, C.I 58 000 

Pigment Violet 5:1 , C.I. 58 055 

All other lakes 



21 



288 



21 



204 



165 



7.86 



3,837 18.81 



13 


17 


537 


34.20 


25 


25 


619 


24.76 


250 


162 


2,681 


16.33 



' The value of sales for toners is reported on a dry-full strength basis and the value of sales for lakes is reported 
on a dry form basis. All sales value data exclude the additional cost of processing or packaging in commercial forms 
other than the dry full-strength or dry form. 

^ Calculated from unrounded figures. 

^ Quantities for toners are reported as dry full-strength toner content, excluding the weight of any dispersing agent, 
vehicle, or extender Quantities for lakes are reported as dry lake content, excluding the weight of any dispersing 
agent or vehicle. 

Note. — The C.I. (Colour Index) number shown in this report are the identifying numt)er given in the third edition of the 
Cotour Index. The abtweviations PMA and PTA stand for phosphomolybdic and phosphotungstc (including 
phosphotung-stomolybdic) ackJs, respectively. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questnnnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



5-3 



Section 5 

Table 5-2 

Organic pigments for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 



Organic pigments 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification ccxies 
(according to list in table 5-3) 



Toners: 

Yellow toners: Yes 

Acetoacetarylide yellows: Yes 

Pigment Yellow 1 No 

Pigment Yellow 3 Yes 

Pigment Yellow 60 No 

Pigment Yellow 65 Yes 

Pigment Yellow 73 No 

Pigment Yeltow 74 Yes 

Pigment Yellow 75 No 

Pigment Yellow 97 No 

All other acetoacetarylide yellows No 

Diarylide yellows: Yes 

Pigment Yellow 12 Yes 

Pigment Yellow 13 Yes 

Pigment Yellow 14 Yes 

Pigment Yellow 17 Yes 

Pigment Yellow 83 Yes 

Pigment Yellow 124 No 

Yeltow pigments, other: 

(Basic Yeltow 2), fugitive No 

Pigment Yellow 139 No 

All other pigment yellow toners No 

Orange toners: Yes 

Pigment Orange 1 No 

Pigment Orange 2 No 

Pigment Orange 5 Yes 

Pigment Orange 13 Yes 

Pigment Orange 15 No 

Pigment Orange 16 Yes 

Pigment Orange 34 Yes 

Pigment Orange 36 No 

Pigment Orange 38 No 

Pigment Orange 46 Yes 

Pigment Orange 49 No 

All other pigment orange toners No 

Red toners: Yes 

Naphthol reds: Yes 

Pigment Red 2 Yes 

Pigment Red 5 No 

Pigment Red 13 No 

Pigment Red 14 No 

Pigment Red 17 Yes 

Pigment Red 21 No 

Pigment Red 22 Yes 

Pigment Red 23 Yes 

Pigment Red 31 Yes 

Pigment Red 112 No 



BAS. DUP. GLX. HSH, MAX. SNA. 

HEU. HSH, KCW, MAX, SNA. 

HSH. 

HEU. HSH. MAX, SNA, VPC. 

HCL. HSH. SNA. 

BAS. HCL. HEU. HSH, ROM, SNA, VPC, 

(')(E). 
SNA. 
HCL. 
KCW. 

AMS, APO, BAS. HCL. HSH. IDC. IND. 

POP. ROM. SNA. (2)(E). 
AMS, APO, BAS, GLX, HCL. IDC. IND, 

ROM, SNA. 
AMS, BAS. BNS. FAB. GLX, HCL, HSH, 

IDC. IND. ROM, SNA. 
APO. BAS, FAB, GLX, HCL, HSH, iDC, 

IND. ROM. SNA. 
BAS, FAB, GLX. HCL. IDC. IND, ROM, 

SNA. 
GLX. 

MAX. 
VPC. 
HSH. 

MAX. 

UHL. 

BAS, HCL. HSH. PCW, SNA, (^){E). 

BAS, HSH, IND, SNA. 

BNS. 

BNS, GLX, HSH, IND, ROM, SNA. 

BAS, HCL, IND, ROM. SNA. 

SNA. 

HCL, UHL. 

AMS, BAS. CDR. CIK, K4GR. SNA. 

CGY 

GLX. 



GLX. HCL, HSH. 

GLX. HSH. 

KCW. 

HCL 

BNS. ROM. SNA, UHL. 

BNS. 

FAB. GLX. HEU. MAX. ROM, SNA. UHL. 

DUP, FAB. GLX. HEU, HSH. IND, KCW, 

ROM, SNA, UHL. 
GLX, ROM, (2)(E). 
HCL. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



5-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 5-2 — Continued 

Organic pigments for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 



Organic pigments 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table S-3) 



Toners — Continued 
Red toners — Continued 
Naphthoi reds — Continued 

Pigment Red 146 No 

Pigment Red 147 No 

Pigment Red 1 70 No 

Pigment Red 210 No 

All other naphthoi reds No 

Red pigments, other: Yes 

Pigment Red 1 , (light) No 

Pigment Red 3 Yes 

Pigment Red 4 Yes 

Pigment Red 38 Yes 

Pigment Red 41 No 

Pigment Red 48;1 , (barium) Yes 

Pigment Red 48:2. (calcium) Yes 

Pigment Red 48:3, (strontium) No 

Pigment Red 48:4, (manganese) No 

Pigment Red 49:1 , (barium) Yes 

Pigment Red 49:2, (calcium) Yes 

Pigment Red 52:1 , (calcium) Yes 

Pigment Red 52:2, (manganese) No 

Pigment Red 53:1 , (barium) Yes 

Pigment Red 57 No 

Pigment Red 57:1 , (calcium) Yes 

Pigment Red 63 No 

Pigment Red 63:1 , calcium No 

Pigment Red 81 , (PMA) Yes 

Pigment Red 81 , (PTA) Yes 

Pigment Red 122 No 

Pigment Red 123 No 

Pigment Red 168 No 

Pigment Red 169 No 

Pigment Red 1 79 No 

Pigment Red 188 No 

Pigment Red 190 No 

Pigment Red 200 No 

Pigment Red 202 No 

Pigment Red 206 No 

Pigment Red 207 No 

Pigment Red 209 No 

Pigment Red 224 No 

Pigment Red 245 No 

All other pigment red toners No 

Violet toners: Yes 

Pigment Violet 1 , (fugitive) No 

Pigment Violet 1 , (PMA) No 



HCL. 

HSH. 

GLX. HCL, HEU. 

SNA. 

BUG, FAB, GLX, IND, ROM, {'){£). C) 

HSH. 

BAS, HSH. KCW, MAX, SNA. UHL. X(E). 

HSH. MAX. UHL, (=)(E). 

HCL. HSH. SNA. 

APO. 

AMS. APO. BAS. CDR, CIK. HEU. HSH. 

MAX. MGR, SNA, UHL, (2)(E). 
AMS, APO, BAS, CDR. CIK. HEU. HSH. 

MAX, MGR, SNA. UHL, VPC, ('){E). 
HSH. 

HEU, HSH. SNA. UHL. 
AMS. BAS. BNS, CDR, CIK, IDC, MAX. 

MGR. SNA. UHL, {^){E). 
AMS, BNS, CDR. CIK. iDC. MGR, SNA. 

UHL. 
BAS, CDR, CIK, HSH. MGR, SNA. UHL. 
BAS, HSH. UHL. 
AMS. BAS. CDR. CIK. FAB, HCL. HSH, 

IDC. MAX, MGR. SNA, UHL. {^){E). 
BNS. 
AMS. APO, BAS. BNS. CDR. CIK. FAB, 

HEU, HSH, IDC, MGR, POP. PS. SNA, 

UHL. 
HSH. UHL. 
SNA. 

BAS. MGR, SNA. UHL. 
BAS, MAX, UHL. 
SNA. VPC. 
VPC. 
VPC. 
MAX. 

SNA. VPC. 
HCL. 
VPC. 
BAS. 

CGY SNA, VPC 
CGY 
CGY 
SNA. 
VPC. 
IND. 
HCL, UHL. 

KCW, UHL. 
MAX, MGR. UHL. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



5-5 



Section 5 

Table 5-2 — Continued 

Organic pigments for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated. Identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 



Organic pigments 



Separate 
statistics' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table S-3) 



Toners — Continued 
Violet toners — Continued 

Pigment Violet 1 , (PTA) No 

Pigment Violet 3, (fugitive) No 

Pigment Violet 3, (PMA) No 

Pigment Violet 3, (PTA) No 

Pigment Violet 4, (fugitive) No 

Pigment Violet 19 No 

Pigment Violet 23 No 

Pigment Violet 27 No 

Pigment Violet 29 No 

Pigment Violet 39. (PMA) No 

All other pigment violet toners No 

Blue toners: Yes 

Pigment Blue 1 , (Pf^^A) Yes 

Pigment Blue 1 , (PTA) No 

Pigment Blue 2, (PMA) No 

Pigment Blue 14, (PMA) No 

Pigment Blue 1 5, (a form) Yes 

Pigment Blue 15:1, (a form) Yes 

Pigment Blue 15:2, (a form) No 

Pigment Blue 15:3, (P form) Yes 

Pigment Blue 15:4. (P form) Yes 

Pigment Blue 19 No 

Pigment Blue 25 No 

Pigment Blue 61 No 

Pigment Blue 62 No 

All other pigment blue toners No 

Green toners: Yes 

Pigment Green 1 , (PMA) No 

Pigment Green 2, (PMA) No 

Pigment Green 2, (PTA) No 

Pigment Green 4, (fugitive) No 

Pigment Green 4, (PMA) No 

Pigment Green 7 Yes 

Pigment Green 8 No 

Pigment Green 10 No 

Pigment Green 36 No 

All other pigment green toners No 

Brov^n toners: No 

Pigment Brown 5 No 

Black toners: No 

Pigment Black 7 No 

All other pigment black toners No 

Lakes: No 

Yellow lakes: No 

(Acid Yellow 23) No 

Orange lakes: No 

Pigment Orange 17 No 

Red lakes: No 

(Acid Red 26) No 

(Basic Red 1 ) No 



MGR. SNA. UHL. 

KCW. MGR, UHL. 

MAX. MGR, UHL. (2)(E). 

MAX. MGR. UHL. 

KCW. 

BAS. CGY SNA. 

HCL. IPP, SNA. 

MAX. 

SNA. VPC. 

BAS. 

BUG, UHL. 

BNS. MAX, MGR. UHL. (^){E). 

MGR. 

UHL. 

BAS. UHL. 

BAS. BFC. CGY HEU. HSH, SNA. 

CGY. HEU. SNA. VPC, ('XE). 

CGY. HEU. SNA. VPC. 

ALG. AMS. APO. BAS. BFC. CDR. CGY. 

CIK. HEU. IDC, MGR, POP, PS. ROM. 

SNA. 
BAS. CGY HEU. POP. SNA. 
PSG. 
GLX. 
BAS. 
MAX. 
FAB. 

MAX. UHL. 

MAX. 

MAX. 

UHL. 

UHL. 

ALG. BAS. BFC, HCL. MGR. POP. SNA. 

VPC. (2)(E) 
KCW. 
HEU. 

ALG. BAS. SNA. VPC. 
UHL. 

GLX. 

BAS. 
HCL. UHL. 



MAX. 
KCW. 



KCW. 
BNS. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



5-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Tabl« 5-2 — Continued 

Organic pigments for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estlnuted, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 

Organic pigments Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

statistics ' (according to list in table 5-3) 

Toners — Continued 
Lakes — Continued 

(Basic Red 81 , PMA) No LVR. 

Pigment Red 60:1 No HSH. MAX. SNA. 

Pigment Red 83 Yes HSH. MAX. UHL 

Violet lakes: No 

(Basic Violet 1) No BNS. 

(Basic Violet 4) No BNS. 

Violet 5:1 Yes HSH, MAX. UHL. VPC. 

Blue lakes: No 

(Basic Blue 14, PMA) No LVR. 

Green lakes: No 

(Basic Green 1. PMA) No LVR. 

(Basic Green 1, PMA) No LVR. 

' Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'yss.' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'no.' 

^ The manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated products. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



5-7 



Section 5 

Table 5-3 

Organic pigments: Directory of manufaeturvrs, alphabetical by coda, 1990 



Code 



Name of company 



Code Name of company 

HEU Cool<son Pigment, Inc. 

HSH Engelhard Corporation 

IDC Industrial Color. Inc. 

IND Indol Color Co., Inc. 

IPP Spectrachem Corp. 

KCW Keystone Color Works, Inc. 

LVR C. Lever Co.. Inc. 

MAX Max Marx Color Corp. 

MGR Magruder Color Co.. Inc. 

PCW Pfister Chemical. Inc. 

POP Daicolor-Pope, Inc. 

PS CPS Corp. 

PSG PMC. Inc. Specialities Group. Inc. 

ROM Roma Color. Inc. 

SNA Sun Chemical Corp., Pigment Div. 

UHL Paul Uhlich & Co., Inc. 

VPC Mobay Chemical Corp., Dyes & 

Pigments Div. 



ALG Allegheny Chemical Corp. 

AMS Ridgway Color Co. 

APO Apollo Colors, Inc. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BFC Baker Fine Color, Inc. 

BNS Binney and Smith. Inc. 

BUC Synalloy Corp.. Blackman Uhler 

Chemical Div. 

CDR CDR Pigments & Dispersions 

CGY Ciba-Geigy Corp. 

CIK Flint Ink Corp.. Cal/Ink Div. 

DUP E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co.. Inc., 

Chemicals and Pigments Dapt. 

FAB Fabricolor Manufacturing Corp. 

GLX Galaxie Chemical Corp. 

HCL Hoechst Celanese Corp.: 

Sou-Tex Works 

Specialty Chem Group 



Note. — Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



Section 6 
Medicinal Chemicals 

Medicinal chemicals include the medicinal and 
feed grades of all organic chemicals having iherapeudc 
value, whether obtained by chemical synthesis, by 
fermentation, by extraction from naturally occurring 
plant or animal substances, or by refining a technical 
grade product. They include antibiotics and other 
anti-infecuve agents, antihistamines, autonomic drugs, 
cardiovascular agents, central nervous system 
depressants and stimulants, hormones and synthetic 
substitutes, vitamins, and other therapeutic agents for 
human or veterinary use, and for animal feed 
supplements. Data for the production of these products 
during 1986-90 are shown in figure 6-1. 

Table 6- 1 shows statistics for production and sales 
of medicinal chemicals grouped by pharmacological 
class. The statistics shown are for bulk chemicals only. 
Finished pharmaceutical preparations and products in 
dosage form (i.e., pills, capsules, tablets, or other 
measured doses) are excluded.' Differences in 



' Complemeniaiy statistics on ihe dollar value of 
manufaciurers' shipments of finished phannaceutical 
preparations, except biologicals, are published annually by the 
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, in 
Current Industrial Reports, Series MA-28G. Many 
pharmaceutical manufacturers that report to the Bureau of the 
Census are excluded from the U.S. International Trade 
Commission report because they are not primary producers of 
medicinal chemicals: that is, they do not themselves produce 
the bulk drugs which go into their pharmaceutical piroducts. but 
purchase their drug requirements from domestic or foreign 
producers. 



reported levels of production and sales refiecl 
inventory changes, processing losses, and captive 
consumption of medicinal chemicals processed into 
ethical and proprietary pharmaceutical products by the 
primary manufacturer. In some instances, the 
differences may also include quantities for medicinal 
grade products used as intermediates: for example, 
penicillin V used as an intermediate in the manufacture 
of other antibiotics. All quantities are given in terms of 
100 percent content of the pure bulk drug. Table 6-2 
lists the products reported in this section and indicates 
the manufacturer(s) of each by code. These codes are 
identified by company name in table 6-3. 

Total U.S. production of bulk medicinal chemicals 
in 1990 amounted lo 144.0 million kilograms. Total 
sales of bulk medicinal chemicals in 1990 amounted to 
107.2 million kilograms, valued at S2, 169.3 million. 
Since 1980, methionine and most other amino acids 
and their sails have been reported in the section on 
Miscellaneous End-Use Chemicals and Chemical 
Products. Section totals are not, therefore, comparable 
with years prior to 1980. 

Production of the larger groups of medicinal 
chemicals in 1990 was as follows (see table 6-1): 
Antibiotics, 24.1 million kilograms, 2 percent higher 
than in 1989; anti-infective agents other than 
antibiotics, 8.2 million kilograms, 8 percent lower than 
in 1989; central nervous system depressants and 
stimulants, 40.3 million kilograms, 17 percent higher 
than in 1989; gastrointestinal agents and therapeutic 
nutrients, 24.9 million kilograms, 28 percent lower 
than in 1989; and vitamins, 37.6 kilograms, 34 percent 
higher than in 1989. 

Elizabeth R. Nesbitt 
202-205-3355 



Figure 6-1 

Medicinal Chemicals: U.S. production, 1986-90 



Millions 
of kilograms 




1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



6-1 



Section 6 

Table 6-1 

Medicinal chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1990 

Sales Average 

Unit 

Medicinal chemicals Production' Quantity Value value^ 

1,000 1,000 1,000 Per 

kilograms kilograms dollars kiktgram 

Grand total 144,341 107.247 2.169,344 $20.23 

Acyclic 24,615 41,400 301.351 7.28 

Benzenoid^ 90.371 47,234 963.447 20.40 

Cyclic nonbenzenoid* 29,355 18,613 904.546 48.60 

Antibiotics 24.696 10.718 574,188 53.57 

Antihistamines 279 148 7.412 50.08 

Anti-infective agents (except antibiotics), total 8,173 4,618 46,379 10.04 

Anthelmintics 3.847 2,176 6.054 2.78 

All other anti-Infective agents (except 
antibiotics)* 4.326 2,442 40.325 16.51 

Central depressants and stimulants, total 40.314 30.656 423,356 13.81 

Analgesics, antipyretics, and nonhormonal anti- 
inflammatory agents, total 37,102 28,823 172.665 5.99 

Aspirin 10,230 («) («) («) 

All other analgesics, antipyretics, and 

nonhormonal anti-inflammatory agents^ 26,872 28,823 172.665 5.99 

Antidepressants 33 12 2.928 244.00 

Antitussives 214 165 51.019 309.21 

All other central depressants and stimulants* 2,965 1 ,656 1 96,744 11 8.81 

Expectorants and mucolytic agents 602 530 1 1 ,441 21 .59 

Gastrointestinal agents and therapeutic nutrients' 24,948 41.324 122,737 2.97 

Vitamins'" 37.566 17.017 173.458 10.19 

Miscellaneous medicinal chemicals" 7.763 2.236 810,373 362.42 

' The data on production and sales are for bulk medicinal chemicals only. Methionine and most other amino acids 
and their salts are now/ reported in the section on Miscellaneous End-Use Chemicals and Chemical Products. Section 
totals are not. therefore, comparable with years prior to 1980. 

^ Calculated from rounded figures. 

' Benzenoid, as used in this report, describes any cyclic medicinal chemical whose molecule contains either a 
6-membered carbocyclic ring with conjugated double bonds or a 6-membered heterocyclic ring with 1 or 2 hetero 
atoms and conjugated double bonds, except the pyrimidine hng. 

* Includes antibiotics of unknown structure. 

' Includes production and sales of antiprotozoan agents, sulfonamides, and urinary antiseptics; does not include 
production of sutfaguanidine used as an intermediate in the production of anti-infective sulfonamides. 

* Reported data were accepted in confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 
^ Includes sales quantity and value of aspirin. 

* Includes production and sales of amphetamines, general anesthetics; respiratory and cerebral stimulants; 
skeletal muscle relaxants; tranquilizers; and antk»nvulsants, hypnotics, and sedatives. 

' Methionine and its salts are reported in the section in Miscellaneous End-Use Chemicals and Chemical Products 
under amino acids. 

'° Includes production and sales of vitamin A. vitamin B. vitamin 0, vitamin D. vitamin E. and vitamin K. 

" Includes production and sales of antineoplastk: agents, cardiovascular agents, diagnostic agents, hematotogical 
agents, renal-adlng and edema-reducino agents, autonomic drugs, dermatological agents and unclassified medrcinal 
chemicals. Also includes production and sales of tocal anesthetics, smooth muscle relaxants (including theophylline 
derivatives), and hormones and synthetic substitutes. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questrannaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



6-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 6-2 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by nianufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 

fiAedicinal chemicals statistics ' (according to list in table 6-3) 

Antibiotics Yes 

Cephalosporins: No 

Cefaclor No LIL 

Cefamandole No LIL. 

Cefazoiin, sodium No LIL. 

Cefoxitin No MRK. 

Cephalexin No BRS, LIL 

Cephalothin, sodium No LIL. 

Cephapinn, sodium No BRS. 

Cephradine No BRS. 

Penicillins, semisynthetic: No 

Amoxicillin: No 

Amoxicillin (trihydrate) No BEE. BOC. KAN. 

Amoxicillin (anhydrous) No BEE. BRS. 

Ampicillin: •. No 

Ampicillin (trihydrate) No BOC. BRS. KAN. 

Other semisynthetic penicillins: No 

Ampicillin, sodium No BEE. WYT. 

Cloxacillin, sodium No BEE. BOC. 

Dicloxacillin. sodium No BEE, BOC, KAN. 

Hetacillin No BRS. 

Nafcillin, sodium No BEE. WYT. 

Oxacillin, sodium No BEE. BOC. 

Piperacillin No BRS. 

Ticarcillin, disodium No BEE. 

All other semisynthetic penicillins No BEE. 

Penicillins (except semisynthetic): No 

For medicinal use: No 

Penicillin V No BRS. 

Penicillin G, benzathine No WYT. 

Penicillin G, potassium No PFZ. 

Penicillin V. potassium No BRS. LIL. 

Penicillin G, procaine (medicinal grade) No PFZ. WYT. 

For nonmedicinal uses: No 

Penicillin G. procaine (animal feed grade) No PFZ. 

Tetracyclines: No 

For medicinal use: No 

Chlortetracycline (medicinal grade) No ACY. 

Demedocycline No ACY. 

Methacycline No GAN. 

Minocycline No ACY. 

Tetracycline No ACY. 

For nonmedicinal uses: No 

Chlortetracycline (animal feed grade) No ACY. PFZ. 

Oxytetracycline (animal feed grade) No PFZ. 

Other antibiotics: No 

For medicinal use: No 

Antifungal antibiotics: No 

Amphotericin B No BRS. PEN. 

Nystatin (medicinal grade) No ACY, BRS. 

Tobramycin No LIL. 

Antitubercular antibiotics: No 

Dihydrostreptomycin No PFZ. 

Other antibiotics for medicinal use: No 

Aztreonam No BRS. 

Cefonicid No SK. 

Ceftiofur No UPJ. 

Cefuroxime No LIL. 

Clindamycin No ABB. 

Erythromycin No ABB, ANG, UPJ. 

Erythromycin estolate No LIL, UPJ. 

Erythromycin stearate No UPJ. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



6-3 



Section 6 

Table 6-2 — Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers ' identificatior) codes 
Medicinal chemicals statistics ' (according to list in table 6-3) 



Antibiotics-Continued 
Other antibiotics-Continued 
For medicinal use-Continued 
Other antibiotics for medicinal use-Continued 

Gentamycin No SCH. 

Kanamycin No BRS. 

Moxalactam No LIL. 

Neomycin (medicinal grade) No UPJ. 

Netilmicin No SCH. 

Novobiocin, sodium No UPJ. 

Polymyxin B No PFZ. 

Sisomycin No SCH. 

Spectinomycin (medicinal grade) No ABB, BRS, UPJ. 

Vancomycin No ABB. ACY, LIL. 

All other antibiotics, for medicinal use No ABB, MRK. 

For nonmedicinal uses; No 

Bacitracin (animal feed grade) No IMC. 

Cydoheximide No UPJ. 

Hygromycin B No LIL. 

Lasalocid. sodium No HOF. 

Lincomycin (animal feed grade) No UPJ. 

Monesin No LIL. 

Neomycin (animal feed grade) No PFZ, UPJ. 

Spectinomycin (animal feed grade) No UPJ. 

Streptomycin No PFZ. 

Tylosin No LIL. 

Antihistamines: Yes 

Antinauseants: No 

Dimenhydrinate No GAN. 

Diphenidol No SK. 

Diphenidol hydrochloride No SK. 

Metoclopramide hydrochloride No LLI. 

Other antihistamines; No 

Brompheniramine maleate No LLI. 

Chlorpheniramine No SK, UPJ. 

Chlorpheniramine maleate No SK. 

Cyproheptadine hydrochloride No MRK. 

Dimethindene maleate No CGY. 

Diphenhydramine citrate No VTM. 

Diphenhydramine hydrochtoride No PD, WYK. 

Diphenylpyraline No SK. 

Diphenylpyraline hydrochloride No SK. 

Doxylamine succinate No BKC, MAL. 

Phenindamine tartrate No HOF. 

Phenyttoioxamine crtrate No GAN. 

Terfenadine No GAN. 

Trimeprazine No SK. 

Tripelennamine No CGY. 

Tripelennamine citrate No CGY. 

Tripelennamine hydrochloride No CGY. 

Triprolidine hydrochloride No AMD. BUR. 

Triprolidine oxalate No AMD. 

Anti-infective agents (except antibiotics): Yes 

Anthelmintics agents; Yes 

Diethylcarbamazine citrate No SK. 

Piperazine No TX, UCC. 

Piperazine dihydrochloride No FLM. 

Piperazine hexahydrate No BRS. 

Piperazine hydrochloride No FLM. 

Piperazine sulfate No FLM. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



6-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 6-2 — Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by nianufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers' idenlification codes 

Medicmal chemicals statistics ' (according to list in table 6-3) 

Anti-infective agents (except antibiotics)-Continued 
Anthelmintics agents-Continued 

Thiabendazole No MRK. 

All other anthelmintic agents No MRK. 

Antiprotozoan agents: No 

Arsenic and bismuth compounds: No 

Arsanilic acid No FLM. 

Bismuth subsalicylate No MAL. 

Nitarsone No SAL. 

Roxarsone No SAL. 

Roxarsone, sodium No SAL. 

Other antiprotozoan agents: No 

Amprolium No MRK. 

Dinitolmide No SAL. 

Ethopabate No MRK. 

Florfenicol No SCH. 

Hydroxychloroquine sulfate No SD. 

lodochlorhydroxyquin No CGY. 

Metronidazole No SRL. 

Sulfonamides: No 

Mafenide No SDW. 

Mafenide acetate No SDW. 

Sulfadiazine, silver No BOX LEM. 

Sulfadimethoxine No HOF. 

Sulfamethizole No ACY. 

Sulfamethoxazole No HOF. 

Sutfapyridine No ACY. 

Sulfasalazine No SAL. 

Sutfathiazole, sodium No SAL. 

Sulfisoxazole No HOF. 

Sulfisoxazole, acetyl No HOF. 

Urinary antiseptics; No 

Methenamine No ARN. 

Methenamine mandelate No ARN, PD. 

Other anti-infective agents: Yes 

Antifungal agents: No 

Benzoic acid No KLM. 

Calcium undecylenate No WTL. 

Fluconazole No PFZ. 

Flucytosine No HOF. 

Sodium caprylate No LEM. 

Zinc undecylenate No WTL. 

All other antifungal agents No ARN. 

Antileprotic and antitubercular agents: No 

Aminosalicylic acid No HXL. 

Sulfoxone, sodium No ABB. 

Antiviral agents: No 

Acyclovir No (^. 

Azidothymidine No (*). 

Rimantidine hydrochloride No HOF. 

General antiseptics and antibacterial agents: No 

Capreomycin No LIL. 

Ceftazidime No BRS. LIL. SK. 

Ceftazidine dihydrochloride No SK. 

Cetylpyridinium chloride No HXL. 

Iodoform No MAL. 

Magnesium salicylate No ARN. 

Ormetoprim No HOF. 

Oxyquinoline citrate No LEM. 

Oxyquinoline sulfate No LEM. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



6-5 



Section 6 

Table 6-2— Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales wars rsportsd, Idsntlflsd by manufactursr, 1990 



Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 
Medicinal chemicals statistics ' (according to list in table 6-3) 



Anti-infective agents (except antlblotlcs)-Contlnued Yes 

Other anti-infective agents-Continued Yes 

General antiseptics and antibacterial agents-Cont No 

Pentamidine isethionate No J^??', c.j 

Povidone - iodine No GAF. LEM. 

Resorcinol No «P- 

Trimethoprim No BUR. 

Autonomic drugs: No 

Sympathomimetic agents: No 

Albuterol sulfate No SCH. 

Dobutamine No LIL 

Methoxyphenamine hydrochloride No HXL 

Naphazoline hydrochloride No CGY. 

Phenylephrine hydrochloride No GAN. SOW. 

Phenylpropanolamine bitartrate No ARS. 

Phenylpropanolamine hydrochloride No ARS, ORT. 

Propylhexedrine No SK. 

Pseudoephedrine hydrochloride No GAN. 

Pseudoephedrine sulfate No GAN. 

Terbutaline sulfate No CGY. 

Other autonomic drugs: No 

Parasympatholytic quaternary ammonium compounds 

(except tropane derivatives): No 

Glycopyrrolale No LLI. 

Methantheline bromide No SRL. 

1 1-Trimethylene-bis-(4-formylpyridinium Isromide) 

oxime No ARN. 

Parasympatholytic tertiary amines (except tropane 

derivatives): No 

Oxybutynin chloride No ABB. 

Parasympathomimetic agents: 

Bethanechol chloride No GAN. 

Neostigmine methylsulfate No HOP. 

Pyridostigmine bromide No HOP. 

Sympatholytic agents: No 

Timolol maleate No MRK. 

Central depressants and stimulants: Yes 

Analgesics, antipyretics, and nonhormonal anti- 
inflammatory agents: Yes 

Acetaminophen No t?iJ'-,':BrA^P.y\- ^,^ 

Aspirin ... Yes CX)W. NOR. RDA, SD. 

Auranofin No SK. 

Aurothioglucose No SCH. 

Butorphanol tartrate No BRS. 

Choline magnesium salicylate No ARN. LEM. 

Choline salicylate No ARN. 

Diflunisal No MRK 

Fenoprolen No LIL, (^). 

Fentanyl citrate No MRX. 

Hydromorphone hydrochloride No PEN. 

Ibuprofen No TNA. 

Indomethacin No MRK. 

Ketoprofen No ^'^;,vw 

Meclofenamate, sodium No PD, WYK. 

Meclofenamic acid No PD. 

Mefenamic acid No PD. 

Meperidine hydrochloride No PEN, SDW. 

Mesalamine No SRL. 

Methadone hydrochloride No MAL. 

Morphine sulfate No MAL, PEN. 



See footnotes at end of table. 
6-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 6-2 — Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 

Separata Manufacturers ' identification codes 

Medicinal chemicals statistics ' (according to list in table 6-3) 

Central depressants and stimulants-Continued Yes 

Analgesics, antipyretics, and nonhormonal anti- 
inflammatory agents-Continued Yes 

Oxycodone hydrochloride No DUP, MAL. PEN. 

Oxycodone terephthalate No PEN. 

Pentazocine No SD. 

Pentazocine hydrochloride No SD. 

Piroxicam No PFZ. 

Potassium salicylate No KLM. 

Propoxyphene hydrochloride No GAN, LIL. 

Propoxyphene napsylate No ABB, GAN, LiL 

Salsalate No (^. 

Sodium salicylate No KLM. 

Sulindac No MRK. 

Anticonvulsants, hypnotics, and sedatives: No 

Anticonvulsants (except barbiturates): No 

Elhosuximide No PD. 

Ethotoin No ABB. 

Methsuximide No PD. 

Phensuximide No PD. 

Phenytoin No PD. 

Phenytoin, sodium No PD. 

Valproic acid No ABB. 

Barbiturates: No 

Amobarbilal, sodium No GAN. 

Butabarbitai No GAN. 

Butalbital No GAN. 

Pentobarbital No GAN. 

Phenobarbital No GAN. 

Phenobarbital, sodium No GAN. 

Poiy(oxy-1 ,2-ethanediyl)-a<artx)xymethyl, omega- 

(tridecyloxy), potassium salt No GAN. 

Secobarbital No GAN. 

Secobarbital, sodium No GAN. 

Thiamylal, sodium No PD. 

Thiopental, sodium No ABB. 

Hypnotics and sedatives (except barbiturates): No 

Alprazolam No UPJ. 

Dichtoralphenazone No ARN. 

Ethchlorvynol No ABB. 

Glutethimide No GAN. 

Antidepressants: Yes 

Amitriptyline hydrochbride No GAN, MRK. 

Benaclyzine hydrochloride No ARN. 

Bupropion No BUR. 

Doxepin hydrochloride No SK. 

Imipramine hydrochloride No CGY. 

Maprotiline hydrochloride No ABB. 

Nortriptyline hydrochloride No LIL, WYK. 

Antitussives: Yes 

Benzonatate No CGY. WYK. 

Caramiphen No SK. 

Caramiphen edisylate No SK. 

Codeine No MAL, PEN. 

Dextromethorphan hydrobromide No AMD, HOP. 

Doxepin No SK. 

Hydrocodone bitartrate No MAL. PEN. 

Noscapine No MAL. PEN. 

Thebaine No MAL, PEN. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



6-7 



Section 6 

Table 6-2 — Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or salaswwr* reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 

hAedicinal chemicals statistics ' (according to list in table 6-3) 

Central depressants and stimulants-Continued Yes 

Tranquilizers: No 

Phenothiazine derivatives: No 

Clilorpromazine No SK. 

Chlorpromazine hydrochloride No SK. 

Fluphenazine hydrochloride No BRS. 

Perphenazine No SCH. 

Prochlorperazine No SK. 

Prochlorperazine edisylate No SK. 

Prochlorperazine maleate No SK. 

Other tranquilizers: No 

Chlorprothixene No HOP. 

Clorazepate dipotassium No ABB. 

Hydroxyzine pamoate No LEM. 

Molindone hydrochloride No PD. 

Thiothixene hydrochloride No PFZ. 

Other central depressants and stimulants: Yes 

Amphetamines: No 

Amphetamine No ARN, SK. 

Amphetamine sulfate No ARN. 

Dextroamphetamine No ARN. SK. 

Dextroamphetamine sulfate No ARN, SK. 

Methamphetamine No ARN. 

Methamphetamine hydrochloride No ARN. 

Tranylcypromine No SK. 

General anesthetics: No 

Enflurane No OH. 

Isoflurane No OH. 

Ketamine hydrochloride No PD. 

Respiratory and cerebral stimulants: No 

Caffeine (natural and synthetic): No 

Caffeine, natural No CPR. 

Caffeine, synthetic No PFZ. 

Other respiratory and cerebral stimulants: No 

Benzphetamine hydrochloride No UPJ. 

Diethylpropion hydrochloride No GAN. 

Doxapram hydrochloride No LLI. 

Methylphenidate hydrochloride No CGY. 

Pemoline No ABB. 

Phentermine No GAN. SDW. 

Skeletal muscle relaxants: No 

Cyclobenzaprine hydrochloride No MRK. 

fi^etaxalone No LLI. 

Methocarbamol No LLI. 

Orphenadrine citrate No ABB, WYK. 

Succinylcholine chloride No ABB, BUR. 

Tubocurarine No ABB. 

Dermatological agents: No 

Ammonium phenolsutfonate No SAL. 

Bismuth subgallate No MAL. 

Salicylic acid No DOW. KLM. 

Sodium phenolsulfonate No MAL. 

Expectorants and mucolytic agents: Yes 

Ethylenediaminedihydriodide No AJY, DPW. 

Guaifenesin No LLI. 

lodinated glycerol No (^. 

Gastrointestinal agents and therapeutic nutrients: Yes 

Gastrointestinal agents: No 

Choline chloride (all grades): No 

Choline chloride (animal feed grade) No CHO. Nl,)T, TMH. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



6-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 6-2 — Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers ' identificalion codes 

Medicinal chemicals statistics ' (according to list in table 6-3) 

Gastrointestinal agents and therapeutic nutrients 

-Continued Yes 

Gastrointestinal agents-Continued No 

Choline chloride (all grades)-Contlnued No 

Choline chloride (medicinal grade) No CHO. 

Other gastrointestinal agents: No 

Betaine hydrochloride No CHO. 

Calcium polycartxjphil No DAhJ, LLI. 

All other choleretics and hydrocholeretics No UPJ. 

Choline bicarbonate No CHO. 

Choline bitartrate No CHO. 

Choline citrate No CHO. 

Choline dihydrogen citrate No CHO. 

Cimetidine No SK. 

Cimetidine hydrochloride No SK. 

Colestipol hydrochloride No UPJ. 

Dihydroxyaluminum aminoacetate No CHT. 

Diphenoxylate No MAL. 

Docusate, calcium No MAL. 

Docusate, potassium No ACY. 

Docusate, sodium No ACY. MAL. 

Gemfibrozil No PD. 

All other lipotropic agents and cholesterol 

reducers, other than choline salts No MRK. 

Methscopoiamine bromide No UPJ. 

Nizatidine No LIL. 

Sitosterols No UPJ. 

Sucralfate No SK. 

All other gastrointestinal agents No MRK. 

Therapeutic nutrients: No 

Calcium gluceptate No PFN. 

Copper gluconate No PFZ. 

Manganese gluconate No PFZ. 

z-l-Tnreoninamide mesylate No BRS. 

Zinc gluceptate No PFN. 

Zinc gluconate No PFZ. 

Hormones and synthetic substitutes: No 

Anabolic agents and androgens: No 

Fluoxymesterone No UPJ. 

Methyltestosterone No UPJ. 

Stanozolol No SD. 

Testosterone No UPJ. 

Testosterone cypionate No UPJ. 

Testosterone propionate No UPJ. 

Zeranol No IMC. 

All other anabolic agents and androgens No UPJ, (^). 

Corticosteroids: 

Aclomethasone No SCH. 

Betamethasone No SCH. 

Betamethasone dipropionate No SCH, {'). 

Betamethasone sodium phosphate No SCH, ('). 

Betamethasone valerate No SCH, (*). 

Cortisone acetate No MRK, UPJ. 

Dexamethasone No MRK, (*). 

Dexamethasone sodium phosphate No MRK, (*). 

Diflorasone diacetate No UPJ. 

Fludrocortisone acetate No UPJ. 

Fluoromethotone No UPJ. 

Halcinonide No BRS. 

Hydrocortisone No UPJ. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



6-9 



Section 6 

Table 6-2 — Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported. Identified by manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
fyledicinal chemicals statistics ' (according to list in table 6-3) 



Hormones and synthetic substitutes-Continued No 

Corticosterolds-Continued No 

Hydrocortisone acetate No UPJ. 

Isoflupredone, acetate No UPJ. 

Medrysone No UPJ. 

Methylprednisolone No ABB, SCH, UPJ. 

Prednisolone No MRK, UPJ. 

Prednisolone acetate No UPJ. 

Prednisone No UPJ. 

Triamcinolone No BRS, (*)■ 

Triamcinolone acetonide No BRS, n- 

Triamcinolone diacetate No BRS, (^. 

Estrogens and progestogens: No 

Estrogens: No 

Estradiol cypionate No UPJ. 

Estrogens, conjugated No ORG. 

Estrogens, esterified No ORG. 

All other estrogens No ORG. 

Progestogens: No 

Alprostadil No (^. 

Dinoprostone No UPJ. 

Hydroxyprogesterone No CWN. 

Medroxyprogesterone acetate No UPJ. 

Megestrol acetate No UPJ. 

Melengestrol acetate No n. 

Norgestrel No UPJ. 

Synthetic hypoglycemic agents: No 

Chlorpropamide No SAL. 

Glipizide No PFZ. 

Tolazamide No UPJ. 

Tolbutamide No UPJ. 

Thyroid hormone and antithyroid agents: No 

Levothyroxine, sodium No BOT. 

Methimazole No LIL. 

Thyroglobulin No NEP 

ThyroK) No ARP 

Other hormones and synthetic substitutes: No 

Calcitonin No ARP. 

Corticotropin No ARP. ORG. 

Danazol No SD. 

Flutamide No SCH. 

Gonadorelin, acetate No ABB. 

Humatrope No LIL. 

Insulin No LIL. 

Local anesthetics: No 

Benzocaine No MAL, WYK. 

Butamben No ABB. WYK. 

Cocaine No MAL. 

Dibucaine No CGY. 

Dibucaine hydrochloride No CGY. 

Lidocaine . No LEM. WYK. 

Lidocaine hydrochloride No LEM, WYK. 

Pramoxine hydrochloride No ABB. 

Prilocaine hydrochloride No WYK. 

Tetracaine hydrochloride No WYK. 

Renal-acting and edema-reducing agents: No 

Benzothiadiazine derivatives: No 

Chlorothiazide No MRK. 

Hydrochlorothiazide No CGY MRK, SK. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



6-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 6-2 — Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 

Medicinal chemicals statistics ' (according to list in table 6-3) 

Renal-acting and edema-reducing agents-Continued .... No 

Other renal-acting and edema-reducing agents: No 

Acetazolamide No ACY. 

Amiioride hydrochloride No MRK. 

Canrenoate, potassium No SRL. 

Dichlorphenamide No MRK. 

Ethacrynic acid No MRK. 

Probenecid No MRK, SAL. 

Spironolactone No SRL. 

Triamterene No GAN, SK. 

Smooth muscle relaxants: No 

Atracurium besylate No (^. 

Flavoxate hydrochloride No SK. 

Oxtriphylline No PD. 

Papaverine hydrochloride No CHT. 

Theophylline No AMB. 

Vitamins: Yes 

Vitamin A: No 

Beta carotene (provitamin A) No HOP 

Tretinoin (vitamin A acid) No EK. 

Vitamin A acetate (animal feed grade) No RDA. 

Vitamin A acetate (medicinal grade) No HOP. 

Vitamin A alcohol No EK, HOP 

Vitamm A palmitate (medicinal grade) No HOP 

All other vitamin A No EK. 

Vitamin B-complex: No 

Niacin and derivatives: No 

Niacinamide (medicinal grade) No HOP, NEP. 

Niacinamide (animal fecKJ grade) No RDA. 

Pantothenic acid derivatives: No 

Dexpanthenol No HOP. 

Panthenol No HOP 

Other B-complex vitamins: No 

Biotin No AMD, HOP RDA. 

Cyanocobalamin (animal feed grade) No RDA. 

Cyanocobalamin (medicinal grade) No MRK. 

Pyridoxine No HOP 

Riboflavin (animal feed grade) No MRK. 

Thiamine hydrochloride No HOP 

Thiamine mononrtrate No TKD. 

All other vitamin B-complex No HOP. 

Vitamin C: No 

Ascorbic acid No HOP, TKD. 

Calcium ascorbate No HOP. 

Sodium ascorbate No HOP. 

All other vitamin C No HOP. 

Vitamin D: No 

Calcifedral (vitamin D3) No UPJ. 

Cholecalcrterol (vitamin D3) No RDA, VTM. 

Ergocalciferol (vitamin Dj) No VTM. 

All other vitamin D No DUP. 

Vitamin E: No 

Dl-alpha tocopheryl acetate (all grades): No 

dl-a-Tocopheryl acetate (animal feed grade) No BAS, HOP, RDA. 

dl-a-Tocopheryl acetate (medicinal grade) No BAS, HOP. 

Other vitamin E: No 

d-a-Tocopherol No EKT, SCP. 

d-a-Tocopheryl acetate No EKT, SCP. 

d-a-Tocopheryl acid succinate No EKT, SCP. 



See footnotes at end of table 



6-11 



Section 6 

Table 6-2 — Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 
h/ledicinal chemicals statistics ' (according to list in table 6-3) 

Miscellaneous medicinal chemicals: Yes 

Antineoplastic agents: No 

Azathioprine No BUR. 

Carboplatin No MRX. 

Cisplatin No MRX. 

Cytarabine No PFN. UPJ. 

Gallium nitrate No MRX. 

Leuproiide acetate No ABB. 

Procarbazine hydrochloride No HOF. 

Streptozocin No PFN. 

Vinblastine sulfate No LIL. 

Vincristine sulfate No LIL. 

All other antineoplastic agents No {^. 

Cardiovascular agents: No 

Antihypertensive agents: No 

Captopnl No BRS. 

Diazoxide No SCH. 

Dilevatol hydrochloride No SCH. 

Hydralazine hydrochloride No CGY. 

Methyldopa No MRK. 

Metoprolol tartrate No CGY. 

Minoxidil No UPJ. 

Nadolol No BRS. 

Phenoxybenzamine tio SK. 

Prazosin No ABB. 

Prazosin hydrochloride No PFZ. 

Sodium nitroprusside Nd ABB. 

Terazosin No ABB. 

All other antihypertensive agents, other than 

rauwolfia and veratrum alkabids No MRK. 

Vasodilators: 

Nifedipine No PFZ. 

Other cardiovascular agents: 

Disopyramide phosphate No GAN, SRL. 

Procainamide hydrochloride No PD, WYK. 

Propranolol hydrochloride No WYK. 

Tocainide No SDW. 

All other cardiovascular agents No MRK. 

Diagnostic agents: No 

Roentgenographic contrast media: No 

Diatrizoate, sodium No SDW. 

lohexol No SD. 

lothalamate, meglumine No MAL. 

Other diagnostic agents: No 

Albumin No SPR. 

Edrophonium chloride No MRX. 

Glutamyl-p-nitroaniline (liver function test) No REG. 

Metyrapone No CGY. 

Xylose (intestinal malabsorption test) No PFN. 

All other diagnostic agents, other than 

roentgenographic contrast media No PFZ. 

Hematological agents: No 

Anticoagulants: No 

Ammonium heparin No SPR. 

Benzalkonium heparin No RIK. 

Lithium heparin No SPR. 

Sodium heparin No SPR. 

Other hematological agents: 

Cellulose, oxidized No EKT. 

Dextran No PHR. 



See footnotes at end of table. 
6-12 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 6-2 — Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 

Separata Manufacturers ' identification codes 
Medicinal chemicals statistics ' (according to list in table 6-3) 

Miscellaneous medicinal chemicals — Continued Yes 

Unclassified medicinal chemicals: No 

Allopurinol No BUR. 

Aminobenzoic acid, potassium salt No WYK. 

Carbidopa No MRK. 

Etidronate, disodium No NOR. 

Levodopa No SRL. 

Melatonin No REG. 

Nicotine polacrilex No WYK. 

Oxiracetam No SK. 

Tacrine No PD. 

All other medicinal chemicals No ABB. BIB. 

' Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'yss.' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'no.' 

^ The manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



6-13 



Section 6 

Table 6-3 

Medicinal chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by coda, 1990 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



ABB Abbott Laboratories 

ACY American Cyanamid Co. 

AJY Ajay Chemicals, Inc. 

AMB American Bio-Synthetics Corp. 

AMD Cycio Products. Inc. 

ANG Angus Chemical Co. 

ARN Arenol Chemical Corp. 

ARP Armour Pharmaceutical Co. 

ARS Arsynco, Inc., Sub. Div. of Aceto Corp. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

Beecham, Inc.: 

BEE Beecham Laboratries Div. 

BIB Beckman Instruments, Inc., Spinco Div. 

BKC J, T. Baker Chemical Co. 

BOC Biocratt Laboratories, Inc. 

BOT The Boots Company 

BRS Bristol-Myers Co. 

BUR Burroughs Wellcome Co. 

CGY Ciba-Geigy Corp. 

CHO Ducon 

CHT Chattem. Inc. 

CPR Certified Processing Corp. 

CWN Upjohn Co., Fine Chemicals 

DAN Dan River, Inc., Chemical Products Div. 

DOW Dow Chemical Co. 

DPW Deepwater, Inc. 

DUP E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. 

Medical Products Dept. 

EK Eastman Kodak Co.: 

EKT Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 

FLM Fleming Laboratories, Inc. 

GAF GAF Corp., Chemical Group 

GAN Ganes Chemicals, Inc. 

HOF Hoffmann-LaRoche, Inc. 

HXL Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Chemical 

Products 

IMC IMC Pitman-Moore, Inc. 

ISP Inspec Chemical Corp. 

KAN Kanasco, LTD 

KLM Kalama Chemical, Inc. 

LEM Napp Chemicals, Inc. 

LIL Eli Lilly & Co., Eli Lilly Industries. Inc. 

LLI Lee Laboratories, Inc. 



MAL Mallinckrodt, Inc. 

MRK Merck & Co., Inc. 

MRX Johnson Matthey, Inc. 

NEP Nepera Inc. 

NOR Norwich Eaton Pharmaceutical. Inc. 

NUT Bioproducts, Inc. 

OH Anaquest 

ORG Organics/LaGrange. Inc. 

ORT Roehr Chemicals. Inc.. Div. of Aceto 

Corp. 
PD Parke-Davis Div. of Warner-Lambert 

Co. 

PEN Penick Corp. 

PFN Ranstiehl Laboratories, Inc. 

PFZ Rizer. Inc. & Pfizer Pharmaceutcals. 

Inc. 

PHR Pharmachem Corp. 

RDA Rhone-Poulenc. Inc. 

REG Regis Chemical Co. 

SAL Solvay Animal Health. Inc. 

SCH The Schering Corp. 

SCP Henkel Corp. 

SD Sterling Drug. Inc.: 

Sterling Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 

SDW Sterling Organics Div. 

SK Smithkline Beecham Chemk:als 

SPR Scientlfk: Protein Laboratories 

SRL G.D. Searle & Co. 

TKD Takeda Chemical Product USA, Inc. 

TMH Harcros Chemicals, Inc. 

TNA Ethyl Corp. 

TX Texaco Chemk:al Co. 

UCC Unnn CarfokJe Corp., Industrial 

Chemcal Div. 

UPJ Upjohn Co. 

VTM Vitamins, Inc. 

WTL Atochem North America. Inc., Organic 

PeroxkJes Div. 

WYK Wyckoff Chemical Co.. Inc. 

WYT Wyeth Laboratories, Inc.. Wyeth 

Latx>ratories 

Div. of American Home Products 

Corp. 



Note. — Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questkinnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



6-14 



Section 7 
Flavor and Perfume Materials 

Flavor and perfume materials are organic 
chemicals used to impan flavors and aromas to foods, 
beverages, cosmetics, and soaps. These aroma 
chemicals are also utilized to neutralize or mask 
unpleasant odors in industrial processes and products, 
as well as in consumer products. 

Total domestic production of fbvor and perfume 
materials in 1990 amounted to 59.9 million kilograms 
(see figure 8-1). Sales of these materials in 1990 
amounted to 36.5 million kilograms, valued at $991.6 
million, compared with 38.4 million kilograms, valued 
at $1,005.2 million, in 1989. U.S. production of flavor 
and perfume materials in 1990 decreased by 6.8 
percent from the level in 1989 while the value of sales 
decreased by 1 .4 percent. 

Production of cyclic flavor and perfume materials 
in 1990 amounted to 39.5 million kilograms; sales 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

amounted to 27.9 million kilograms, valued at $909.6 
million. Individual publishable chemicals in the cyclic 
group produced in the greatest volume in 1990 were 
anethoie (1.2 million kilograms), and a-terpineol (984 
thousand kilograms). 

U.S. output of acyclic flavor and perfume materials 
in 1990 amounted to 20.4 million kilograms; sales of 
these materials amounted to 8.6 million kilograms, 
valued at $70.3 million. Individual publishable acyclic 
flavor and perfume chemicals produced in the greatest 
volume in 1990 were, tetrahydrogeraniol (266 thousand 
kilograms) and geranyl acetate (93 thousand 
kilograms). 

Table 8-2 lists the products reported in this section 
and indicates the manufacturer(s) of each by code. 
These codes are identified by company name in table 
8-3. 

Eric Land 
202-205-3349 



Figure 7-1 

Flavor and perfume materials: U.S. production, 1986-90 



Millions 
of kilograms 



100- 




1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



7-1 



Section 7 

Table 7-1 

Flavor and perfume materials: U.S. production and sales, 1990 

Sales Average 

Unit 

Flavor and perfume materials Production Quantity Value value' 

1.000 1,000 1.000 Per 

kilograms kilograms dollars kitogram 

Grand total 59.931 36.514 991.612 $27.16 

Cyclic 

Total 39,514 27,867 909.620 32.64 

Benzenoid and Naphthalenoid 

Total 30.077 22.304 839.268 37.63 

4-Allyl-2-methoxyphenol (Eugenol) 11 15 146 9.54 

Benzyl benzoate 245 255 721 2.82 

Phenethyl isobutyrate 10 {*) (') (*) 

2-Phenethyl phenylacetate 24 {') {') (') 

p-Propenylanisole (AnetholG) 1.178 1.049 10,027 9.56 

All other benzenoid and naphthalenoid materials .... 28.609 20.985 828.374 39.47 

Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and Alicyclic 

Total 9.437 5.563 70,352 12.65 

P-Caryophyllene 13 11 82 7.47 

Cedryl acetate 96 30 424 13.96 

Y-Methylionone 602 288 6,024 20.89 

a-Terpineol 984 692 1,419 2.05 

All other terpenoid, heterocyclic, and alicyclic 

materials 7,742 4,542 62,403 13.74 

Acyclic 

Total 20.417 8.647 81 .992 9.48 

Citronellyl acetate 41 22 261 12.12 

Citronellyl formate 11 5 109 21.60 

3.7-Dimethyl-cis-2.6-octadienol. acetate 

(Neryl acetate) 13 12 129 10.33 

3.7-Dimethyloctanol-1 

(Tetrahydrogeraniol) 266 52 436 8.37 

3.7-Dimethyl-6-octen-1 -ol (CitroneJIol) 1.198 

Geranyl acetate 93 77 796 10.34 

All other acyclic materials 18.795 8.479 80.261 9.47 

' Calculated from unrounded figures. 

' Reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S, International Trade Commission. 



7-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



Table 7-2 

Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer,1 990 



Flavor and perfume materials 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 7-3) 



Cyclic: 

Benzenoid and naphthalenoid: 

Acetaldehyde ethyl phenethyl acetal No 

Acetaldehyde phenethyl propyl acetal No 

2'-Acetonaphthone (|3-Methyl naphthyl ketone) No 

1-Acetoxy-2-sec-butyl-1-ethenylcyclohexane No 

p-Allylanisole No 

4-Allyl-1,2-diniethoxybenzene (4-Allylveratrole) No 

4-Allyl-2-mGthoxyphenol (Eugenoi) Yes 

l-Amyl cinnamic aldehyde No 

Amyl cinnamyl alcohol No 

p-Anisaldehyde No 

Anisyl acetate No 

Aurantiol No 

Benzaldehyde glyceryl acetal No 

Benzophenone No 

Benzyl acetate No 

Benzyl benzoate Yes 

Benzyl butyrate No 

Benzyl isobutyrate No 

Benzyl isopentyl ether No 

Benzyl isovalerate No 

1-(Benzyloxy)-2-methoxy-4-propenylbenzene 

(Benzyl isoeugenyl ether) No 

Benzyl phenylacetate No 

Benzyl propionate No 

Benzyl salicylate No 

p-tert-Butyl-a-methylhydroctnnamalehyde No 

Carvacrol No 

Cineole [eucalyptol] No 

Cinnamyl acetate No 

Cinnamyl nitrile No 

Cinnamyl propionate No 

Coumarin No 

Cuminyl acetate No 

trans-Decahydro-P-naphthol No 

Dihydrocoumarin No 

1 ,2-Dimethoxy-4-propenylbenzene (4- 

Propenylveratrole) No 

2.4-Dimethyl-5-acetylthiazole No 

p,4,Dimethyl-3<yclohexene-1-propanal No 

Y,4-Dimethyl-3-cyctohexene-1-propanol No 

3.7-Dimethyl-1 , 6-octadien-3-yl formate No 

3, 7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadieny I phenylacetate 

(Geranyl phenylacetate) No 

a,a-Dimethylphenethyl acetate No 

N-(p-EthoxycarbonylphGnyl)-N'-ethyl-N"- 

phenyHormamidine No 

2-Ethoxynaphthalene No 

Ethyl benzoate No 

Ethyl cinnamate No 

Ethyl-a,p-epoxy-P-methylhydrodnnamate No 

2-Ethylhexyl-p-methoxy cinnamate No 

Ethyl phenylacetate No 

Heliotropyl acetate No 



IFF. 

IFF 

GIV. 

GIV. 

NCI. SCM. 

CI. 

BDS. CI. ELN. GIV. 

KLM. 

IFF 

GIV. 

ELN. GIV. 

BOS. 

GIV. 

CWN. PD. 

HAR. 

HAR. KLM. (*). 

ELN. 

ELN. 

GIV. 

ELN. 

GIV 

ELN. GIV. 

ELN. 

HAR. 

GIV 

GIV. 

SCM. 

ELN. 

IFF 

ELN. 

RDA. 

IFF 

IFF 

ARS. 

CI. 

STG. 

CI. 

CI. 

GIV 

GIV 
IFF 

GIV 
GIV 
ELN. 
ELN. 
ELN. 
GIV 
ELN. 
IFF 



See footnotes at end of table. 



7-3 



Section 7 

Table 7-2 — Continued 

Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported. Identified by 

manufacturer,1990 

Flavor and periume materials Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 

statistics ' (according to list in table 7-3) 

Cyclic-Continued 
Benzenoid and naphthalenold-Contlnued 

Heliotropyl acetone No AMB. 

cis-3-Hexenyl salicylate No BDS. IFF. 

a-Hexylcinnamaldehyde No 01, KLM. 

Hydratropaldehyde.dimethyiacetal No IFF. 

Hydrocinnamic acid No ELN. 

Hydrocoumarin No ELN, GIV. 

Hydroxycitronelial methyl anthranilate No GIV, IFF. 

4-Hydroxy-3-ethoxybenzaldehyde (Ethylvaniiiin) .... No ROA. 

4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyben2aldehyde [Vaniiiin] No RAY, RDA. 

4(4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyi)-2-butanone 

(Vanillyacetone) No GIV. 

p-Hydroxy phenylbutanone No GIV. 

Isoamyl phenylacetate No ELN. 

Isobutyl phenylacetate No ELN. 

Isobutylquinoline No IFF. 

Isohexenyl tetrahydrobenzaidehyde (Myrac aldehyde) No IFF. 

Isopentyl benzoate No GIV. 

I-Limonene No SCM. 

Linalyl anthranilate No BDS, FMT. 

p-Mentha-1 ,8-diene (Limonene) No IFF, SCM. 

4.7-Methano-1 H-indene-2-methanol octahydro 

acetate No Ci. 

o-Methoxy benzaldehyde No CI. 

p-Methoxybenzyl alcohol (Anisyl alcohol) No ELN, GIV. 

2-Methoxynaphthalene No GIV. 

3-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-2-methyl propanai No CI. 

1 -p-Methoxyphenyl penten-1-one-3 (a-Methyl- 

anisaiacetone) No GIV. 

3-(2-Methoxyphenyl)-2-propenai No CI. 

2-Methoxy-4-propenylphenoi (Isoeugenol) No CI. 

2-Methoxy-4-propenylphenoi,acetate No ELN. 

2-Methoxy-4-propylphenol No CI. 

4'-Methylacetophenone No CWN. 

p-Methylanisole No GiV. 

Methyl anthranilate No PSG. 

P-Methylbenzene propanai No Ci. 

Methyl benzoate No KLM, MRF 

a-Methylbenzyl acetate (Styralyl acetate) No IFF. 

a-Methylcinnamaldehyde No IFF. 

1 ,2-Methylenedioxy-4-propylene benzene 

(isoSafrole) No AMB. 

p-Methylhydratropaldehyde No GIV. 

3-Methylindole (Skatole) No GIV. 

Methyl N-methylanthranilate No AMB. 

a-Methyl-3,4-methylenedioxyhydrocinnamaldehyde . No GiV. 

Methyl phenylacetate No GiV. 

3-Methyl-5-phenyl-1-pentanol No IFF. 

Methyl salicylate No KLM, RDA. 

Octahydro-5-methoxy-4.7-methano-1 H-indene, 2- 

carboxaldehyde No CI. 

1,1,3,3.5-Pentamethyl-4,6-dinitroindan(Moskene) .. No GiV. 

a-Pentylcinnamaldehyde No Ci. 

Phenethyl acetate No BOS, IFF 

See footnotes at end of table. 

7-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 7-2— Continued 

Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer,1990 

Flavor and perfume materials Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 

statistics ' (according to list in table 7-3) 

Cyclic-Continued 
Benzenoid and naphthalenold-Contlnued 

Phenethyl alcohol No IFF. 

Phenethyl formate No ELN, IFF. 

Phenethyl isobutyrate Yes ELN. GIV, IFF 

Phenethyl isovalerate No ELN. 

2-Phenethyl phenylacetate Yes BDS. ELN, GIV, IFF. 

Phenethyl propionate No ELN. 

2-Pheno)(yethyl isobutyrate No IFF. 

Phenylacetaldehyde No CI, GIV. 

Phenylacetaldehyde.dimethyl acetal No (^ 

Phenylacetic acid No GIV. 

Phenylethyl benzoate No IFF. 

Phenylethyl 2-methyl butyrate No SCM. 

3-Phenylpropyl acetate No ELN, GIV. 

Piperonal (Heliotropin) No AMB. 

p-Propenylanisole (Anethole) No ARZ, HPC, NCI, SCM. 

p-Propylanisol (Dihydroanethole) No GIV. 

p-Tolyl acetate No ELN. 

p-Tolyl isobutyrate No IFF. 

p-Tolyl octanoate No IFF. 

p-Tolylphenylacetate No GIV. 

a-(Trichloromethyl)benzyl acetate (Rosetone) No ARS. 

Trimethylcyclohexyl salicylate No ARS. 

Sweeteners, synthetic: 

Cyclohexanesulfamic acid (Cydamlc add) No ABB. 

Cydohexanesulfamic acid, sodium salt (Sodium 

cydamato) No ABB. 

Saccharin (1 ,2-Benzisothiazolin-3-one,-1 , 1 • 

dioxide) No PSG. 

Saccharin.sodium salt No PSG. 

Tetramethyl, octahydro acetophenone No IFF. 

Tetramethyl octahydro acetyl naphthalene No IFF. 

Synthetic sweetner material, all other No NSW. 

All other benzenoid or naphthalenoid chemicals .... No IFF. PFZ. 
Terpenoid, heterocyclic, and alicyclic: 

Acetyl cedrene (Verloflex) No BDS. 

N-Acetyl methyl anthranilate No AMB. 

Allo-ocimene No SCM. (*). 

Allyl cydohexyl propionate No GIV. 

Amyl cydohexyl acetate No IFF. 

Amyris acetate No GIV. 

2-ten-Butyl cyclohexanol No IFF. 

2-sec-Butylcyclohexanone No GIV. 

o-tert-Butylcyclohexyl acetate No CI. IFF. 

p-ten-Butylcyclohexyl acetate (Vert>eniax) No IFF. 

CanrenoatG, potassium No IFF. 

I-Carvone Yes SCM. 

P-Caryophyliene Yes BDS. CI. GIV 

a-Cedrene epoxide (Andrane) No BDS. IFF. 

Cedrenol No BDS. ELN. IFF 

Cedrol Yes ELN. IFF. 

Cedryl acetate Yes BDS. ELN. IFF 

Cydohexyl ethyl acetate No IFF. 

Cyctohexyl methanol dimethyl acetate No IFF. 

See footnotes at end of table. 

7-5 



Section 7 

Table 7-2 — Continued 

Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer,1990 

Flavor and perfume materials Separate Mar)ufacturers ' identHicatior) codes 

statistics ' (according to list in table 7-3) 

Cyclic-Contlnued 
Terpenoid, heterocyclic, and allcyclic-Contlnued 

Dihydronordicyclopentadienyl acetate (Cyclacet) .... No CI. 
Dihydronordicyclopentadienyl propionate 

(Cyciaprop) (Verdyl propionate extra) No CI. 

Dihydro terpineol No NCI, SCM. 

Dimethyl cyclohexane methanol No IFF. 

2. 6-Dimethylheptan-2-ol No GIV. 

Dimethyl-3-oxo-2-pentylcyclopentane propanedioate No (^. 

Ethyl furoate No IFF. SCM. 

Galaxolide (1 ,3.4,6,7,8-Hoxahydro-4,6.6.7.8,8- 

hexamethyl-cyclopenta-Y-2-benzopyran) No IFF. 

Guaiacwood acetate No ELN. 

2-Heptylcyclopentanone No IFF. 

Hexadecanolide No IFF. 

3-Hydroxy-2-ethyl-4.pyrone (Ethylmahol) No PFZ. 

4-(4-Hydroxy-4-methyl pentyl)-3-cyclohexene-1 0- 

carbioxaldehyde (Lyra!) No IFF. 

3-Hydroxy-2-methyl-4-pyrone (Maltol) No PFZ. 

4-Hydroxynonanic acid, y-lactone (Y-Nonalactone) . . No ELN. 

2-(1-Hydroxypentyl)-cyclopentanone No (^. 

4-Hydroxyundecanoic acid, y- lactone (y- 

Undecalactone) Ho ELN. 

lonone(a- and 3-) No NCI. SCM. 

o-lonone Ho GIV. IFF 

B-lonone No GIV. 

Isobornyl acetate No SCM. 

Isobornyl methyl ether No SCM. 

Isobornyl propionate No ELN. 

Isolongifolene epoxide No GIV. 

Isomenthone No GIV. 

2-lsopropylcyclohexanol No GIV. 

6-lsopropyldecalone No GIV. 

Isopulegyl acetate No GIV. 

p-Mentha-1.3-diene (a-Terpinene) No SCM. 

p-Mentha-1 ,4-diene (y-Terpinene) No SCM. 

p-Menth-8-en-3-ol (Isopulegol) No GIV. 

p-Month-1-en-3-one(Piperitone) No GIV. 

p-Menth-4-(8)-en-3-one (Pulegone) No GIV. 

1-1-p-Menthen-6-yl-1-propanone No GIV. 

dl-Menthol, synthetic No HAR, NCI. SCM. 

I-Menthol. synthetic No HAR. 

I-Menthyl acetate No SCM. 

Methylionone(a- and |3-) No GIV. IFF. NCI. 

y-Methylionone Yes BDS. GIV IFF, NCI. 

6-Methyl-a-ionone No BDS, GIV. 

Methyl-3-oxo-2-pentane acetate No CI. 

Methyl-2-thiofuroate No STG. 

Nopyl acetate No NCI. 

3-Oxo-2-pentylcyclopropane acetic acid No (*). 

para-Cymene No SCM. 

2-Pentyl-cyclopenten-1-one No (^. 

1 -Phenysal-1 .2-propanidione No STG. 

Plinyl acetate No SCM. 

Terpinene-ol No SCM. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



7-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 7-2 — Continued 

Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer,1990 

Flavor and perfume materials Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 

statistics ' (according to list in table 7-3) 

Cyclic-Continued 
Terpenoid, heterocyclic, and allcycllc-Contlnued 

a-Terpineol Yes HPC. NCI, SCM. 

a-Terpinyi acetate No NCI, SCM. 

a-Terpinyl propionate No ELN. 

3,3,5-TrimGthyl cyclohexanoi (m-Homomenthoi) .... No ARS. 

Trimethyl cyclohexenyl butenone No IFF. 

1 -(2,6,6-Trimethyi-2<yclohGxen-1 -yi)-1 ,6-heptadien- 

3-one (Allyl-a-ionone) No IFF. 

Trimethyi norbornane methanol No IFF. 

a,a.5-Trimethyi-5-vinyi-furf uryl alcohol and 

tetrahydro-2,2,6-trimGthyl-6-vinyl-3-oi No GIV. 

5-{2.2.3-Trimethyl(yclopent-3-en-1-yl)-3- 

methylpentan-2-ol No GIV. 

Vetivenol No GIV. 

Vetivenyl acetate No BDS. ELN, IFF. 

Aii other terpenoid, hetercyclic, or alicyciic 

flavor and perfume chemicals No IFF, SCM, STG. 

Acyclic: 

Allyl disulfide No IFF. 

Ally! heptanoate No ELN. 

Allyl hexanoate No ELN. 

Ammonium isovalerate No RSA. 

Butanoicacid, 1-cyctohexylethyl ester No (^. 

Butyl butyri lactate No ELN. 

Citral dimethyl acetal No IFF. 

Citronellyl acetate Yes BDS, ELN, GIV, IFF, SCM. 

Citronellyl formate Yes BDS, ELN, GIV, IFF. 

Citronellyl isobutyrate No ELN, IFF. 

Citronellyl nitrile No SCM. 

Citronellyl propionate No IFF. 

Crude acetate mixture (Linalyl,neryl,geranyy acetates, 

main components) No NCI. 

Decanal (Capraldehyde) No CI. 

Decyl acetate No GIV. 

Diethyl sebacate No ELN. 

Diethyl succinate No MRF. 

Dihydrocarvone No SCM. 

Dihydrolinalool No SCM. 

Dihydro myrcenol No SCM. 

Dihydro pentamethyl indanone No IFF. 

Dihydroterpinyl acetate No IFF, NCI. 

1 , 1 -Dimethoxy octane No IFF. 

3,7-DimGthyl-cis-2,6-octadienal (Citral B) (Neral) No NCI. 

3,7-Dimethyl-trans-2,6-octadienal (Citral A, 

geranial) No BDS. NCI. 

3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadienal (Citral A & B) No SCM. 

3,7-Dlmethyl-2,6-octadienenitrile No CI. 

3.7-Dimothyl-cis-2,6-octadien-1-ol (Nerol) Yes ELN, GIV. NCI. SCM. 

3,7-Dimethyl-trans-2,6-octadien-1-ol(Geraniol) Yes ELN, FEL. GIV. NCI. SCM. 

3,7-Dimethyl-1 ,6-octadien-3-ol (Linalool) 

(Linalyl alcohol) No IFR SCM. 

3.7-Dimethyl-cis-2,6-octadienol, acetate (Neryl 

acetate) Yes ELN, GIV, IFF, SCM. 

See footnotes at end of table. 

7-7 



Section 7 

Table 7-2 — Continued 

Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer,! 990 



Flavor and perfume materials 



Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 
statistics ' (according to list in table 7-3) 



Acyclic — Continued 
3,7-Dimethyl-1 .6-ocladien-3-ol,acetate (Linalyl 

acetate) No 

3,7-Diniethyl-1 .6-octadien-3-yl isobutyrate (Linalyl 

isobutyrate) No 

3,7-Dimethyl-1.6-octadien-3-yl propionate (Linalyl 

propionate) No 

Dimethyloctanal No 

3.7-Dimethyloctanol-1 (Tetrahydrogeraniol) Yes 

3.7-Dimethyl-3-octanol No 

Dimethyloctanyl acetate No 

3,7-Dimethyl-6-octen-1-al (Citronellal) No 

3.7-Dimethyl-6-octen-1-ol (Citronellol) Yes 

3,7-Dimethyl-7-octenol 70%, 6sDCtenol isomer 30% ... No 

Ethyl butyrate No 

Ethyl heptanoate No 

Ethyl hexanoate No 

Ethyl isovalerate No 

Ethyl laurate No 

Ethyl-2-methyl butyrate No 

Ethyl-2 methyl pentanoate No 

Ethyl myristate No 

Ethyl propionate No 

Ethyl trimethyl cyclopentenyl buterol No 

Ethyl valerate No 

Geranyl acetate Yes 

Geranyl butyrate No 

Geranyl formate No 

Geranyl isobutyrate No 

Geranyl nitrile (Citralva) No 

Geranyl propionate No 

N-hexanal No 

2-Hexenal No 

cis-3-Hexen-1 -yl acetate No 

cis-3-Hexenyl butyrate No 

cis-3-Hexenyl methyl carbonate No 

cis-3-Hexenyl tiglate No 

Hexyl 2-methylbutyrate No 

Hydroxycitronellol No 

7-Hydroxy-3.7-dimethyl-1-octanal 

(Hydroxycilronellal) No 

7-Hydroxy-3,7-dimGthyl octanal, dimethyl acetal 

(Hydroxycttronellal, dimethyl acetal) No 

lsobutyl-2-butenoate No 

Isopentyl acetate (Isoamyi acetate) No 

Isopentyl butyrate No 

Isopentyl formate No 

Isopentyl isovalerate No 

3-Mothyl-2-butonyl acetate No 

2-Methylbutyl isovalerate No 

2-MethylenG undecanal No 

Methyl hexyl ether No 

Methyl isobutyrate No 

Methyl-2-mothyl butyrate No 



GIV. SCM. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

SCM. 

GIV, IFF, NCi. SCM. 

NCi. SCM. 

GiV. 

GiV. SCM. 

ELN, GIV, IFF, NCI. SCM. 

GIV 

HPC. NW. 

ELN. 

ELN. NW. 

ELN. 

ELN. 

SCM. 

HPC. 

ELN. 

NW. 

IFF. 

ELN. 

BDS. CI. ELN. FEL. GIV. IFF. NCi. NW. 

SCM. 
ELN. GIV. 
BDS. ELN. 
IFF. 

IFF. SCM. 
ELN. 
Ci. 
GiV 

BDS. GiV 
SCM. 
IFF. 
BDS. 
SCM. 
SCM. 

GIV IFF. SCM. 

GIV 
AMB. 
ELN. NW. 
GiV NW. 
ELN. 

ELN, HPC. 
IFF. 
SCM. 

0. 
SCM. 
HPC. 
SCM. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



7-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Tabis 7-2 — Continued 

Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer,1990 

Flavor and perfume materials Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 

statistics ' (according to list in table 7-3) 

Acyclic — Continued 

3-K48thyl-2-[and3]nonene nitriie No GiV. 

Methyl-2-nonenoate No HPC. 

2-Methylundecanal No CI, GIV. 

Myrcenyl acetate No IFF. 

Myristaldehyde No GIV. 

Nonanal No CI. 

1,3-Nonanediol acetate No ELN. GIV SBC. 

Ocimene No IFF. 

Ocimenyl acetate No IFF. 

Octanal No CI. 

2-Octene-4-one No STG. 

N-Octyl acetate No SCM. 

Octyl isovalerate No GIV. 

Pseudo IJnalyl acetate (Neobergamate) No IFF. 

Rhodinol No GIV IFF 

Tepyl acetate No ELN. 

Tetrahydrolinalyl acetate No SCM. 

Tetrahydromyrcenol No SCM. 

2.4.6. 8-Tetramethylnonan-1-yl acetate No CI. 

Trimethyl-cyclododeca-trienyl ethanone No IFF. 

3.5,5-Trimethyl hexanal No IFF. 

Undecanal No CI, GIV 

All other acyclic flavor and perfume materials No AiP. IFF. PFZ. 

^ Chemicals for which seperate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'yes.' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'no.' 

^ The manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the disignated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



7-9 



Section 7 

Table 7-3 

Flavor and perfume materials: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1990 



Code 



Name of company 



Code Name of company 

KLM Kalama Chemical, Inc. 

MRF Morilex Inc. 

NCI Union Camp Corp., BBA Div. 

NSW Nutrasweet Co. 

NW Norttiwestem Chemical Co. 

PD Parke-Davis, Div. of Warner-Lambert 

Co. 

PFZ Pfizer, Inc. 

PSG PMC Inc., Specialities Group, Inc. 

RAY Rayonier Chemical Products Inc. 

RDA Rhone-Poulenc, Inc. 

SBC Scher Chemicals, Inc. 

SCM SCM Corp., Glidco Organics 

STG McCormick & Co., Inc 

McCormick-Stange Flavor Div. 



ABB Abbott Laboratories 

AlP Air Products & Chemicals, Inc. 

AMB American Bio-Synthetics Corp. 

ARS Arsynco, Inc., Sub. Div., of Aceto Corp. 

ARZ Arizona Chemical Co. 

BDS Fragrance Resources, Inc. 

CI Firmenich, Inc. 

CWN Upjohn Co., Fine Chemicals 

ELN Elan Chemical Co. 

FEL Felton WorkJwide. Inc. 

FMT Fairmount Chemical Co.. Inc. 

GIV Givaudan Corp. 

HAR Haarmann & Reimer Corp. 

HPC Hercules, Inc. 

IFF International Flavors & Fragrances, Inc. 



Note. — Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



7-10 



Section 8 
Plastics and Resin Materials 

Plastics and resin materials are high molecular 
weight polymers which, at some stage in their 
manufacture, exist in such physical condition that they 
can be shaped or otherwise processed by the 
application of heat and pressure. The terms "plastics," 
"resin," and "polymers," can be (and often are) us«l 
interchangeably by the trade. Depending on the 
chemical composition, manufacturing [xxxess, or 
intended use, the commercial products may contain 
piasiicizers, fillers, extenders, stabilizers, coloring 
agents, or other additives. There are about 40 to 50 
basic plastics and resins which are available 
commercially. These basic materials are available in 
literally thousands of individual compounds each with 
its distinct properties depending on the molecular 
weight of the resin and the types and amounts of the 
additives present Plastics materials may be molded, 
cast, or extruded into semirmished or finished solid 
forms. Resin materials may be in the fonn of 
solutions, pastes, or emulsions for applications such as 
protective coatings, adhesives, or paper and textile 
treatment 

Statistics on U.S. production and sales of synthetic 
plastics and resin materials for 1990 are given in table 
8-1. U.S. production of plastics and resin materials in 
1990 totaled 30,053 million kilograms, or 11.3 percent 
more than the 26,995 million kilograms produced in 
1989. From 1986-90, the production of plastics and 
resin materials increased irregularly from 23,790 
million kilograms in 1986 to 30,053 million kilograms 
in 1990, or at an average, annual rate of growth of 6.0 
percent (see figure 8-1). Sales in 1990 totaled 25,729 
million kilograms, valued at S30^29 million, 
compared with 23,819 million kilograms, valued at 
$32,180 million, in 1989. 

Figure 8-1 

Plastics and resin materials: U.S. production, 1986-90 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Thermosetting maienals are those which harden 
with a change in composition in the final treatment so 
that in their final state as fmished articles they are 
substantially infusible and insoluble; that is, they 
cannot again be softened by heat or solvents. U.S. 
production of thermosetting materials totaled 4,309 
million kilograms in 1990, compared with 4,033 
million kilograms in 1989. Production of the most 
important products in 1990 included phenolic (944 
million kilograms), amino (urea and melamine) resins 
(1,213 million kilograms), polyester resins, unsaturated 
(537 million kilograms), and alkyd resins (349 million 
kilograms). 

Thermoplastic materials are those which in their 
fmal state as finished articles can be repeatedly 
softened by heat and hardened by a decrease in 
temperature. U.S. production of thermoplastic 
materials totaled 25,743 million kilograms in 1990 (or 
85.7 percent of the total plastics and resin materials 
output for 1990), compared with 22,962 million 
kilograms in 1989. Production of the most important 
products in 1990 included polyethylene (9,071 million 
kilograms), polypropylene (3,465 million kilograms), 
vinyl resins (4,944 million kilograms), and styrene type 
materials (4,624 million kilograms). In 1990. 
production of saturated polyester resins reached 1 ,598 
million kilograms (polyethylene terephthalate alone 
reached 1348 million kilograms). Production of 
engineering plastics, in the aggregate, amounted to 526 
million kilograms in 1990. 

Table 8-2 lists the products reported in this section 
and indicates the manufacturer(s) of each by code. 
These codes are identified by company name in table 
8-3. 



Edward J. Taylor 
202-205-3362 




1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



8-1 



Section 8 

Table 8-1 

Plastics and resin materials: U.S. Production and sales, 1990 



Sales 



Plastics and resin materials 



Production Quantity 



Value 



Average 

Unit 

value' 



1.000 1.000 

kilograms kilograms 

dry basis' dry basis' 

Grand total 30,052.906 25.728.728 

Thermosetting resins 

Total 4.309.457 3.177.057 

Alkyd resins, total 349.019 264.323 

Alkyd-acrylate cxjpolymer resins 4.912 2.195 

Phthalic anhydride type 290,456 227.789 

Polybasic acid type 9.429 6.093 

Styrenated-alkyds or copolymer alkyds 7.057 1.746 

Vinyl toluene alkyds 12.962 12,460 

All other alkyd resins 24.203 14.040 

Dk:yandiamide resins (an amino resin) 1 ,285 1 .461 

Epoxy resins:^* 

Unmodified 315.895 230.026 

Advanced (158,283) (100.997) 

Furfuryl type resins 6,368 6,375 

Glyoxal-formaldehyde resins 6,962 (*) 

Melamine-formaldehyde resins (an amino resin) 109,181 89,639 

Phenolic and other tar acid resins 943,851 621 ,871 

Polyester resins, unsaturated* 537,224 512.696 

Polyether and polyester polyols for urethanes^ 760,612 561 .408 

Polyurethane elastomers and plastics products. 

total 114.239 98.237 

Elastomers* 62.575 48.605 

Plastics 51,664 49.632 

Urea-formaldehyde resins (an amino resin)* 1 ,103.881 742.723 

All other thermosetting resins'° 60,940 48,298 

Thermoplastic resins 

Total 25,743.449 22,551,671 

Acrylic resins, total" 683,771 610,847 

Homopolymer resins, except PMMA, of acrylic 

or methacrylic acid esters 26,902 21,319 

Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) resins 304,726 189,221 

Thermosetting acrylic resins 41.395 22.833 

All other acrylic resins 310.748 377,474 



1.000 
dollars 



200.932 
136,992 



235,889 

129,371 



Per 
kilogram 



30,529,355 $1.19 



4,141,133 1.30 



358,212 


1.36 


6,426 


2.93 


276,724 


1.21 


9,119 


1.50 


4,126 


2.36 


21,355 


1.71 


40,462 


2.88 


3,174 


2.17 


535,670 


2.33 


(179.310) 


(1.78) 


9.889 


1.55 


(*) 


C) 


218.729 


2.44 


843.403 


1.36 


735.388 


1.43 


733.484 


1.31 



337.924 3.44 



4.13 
2.76 



.32 
2.68 



26,388,222 1.17 



1,543,286 2.53 



56,290 2.64 

449,571 2.38 

67,142 2.94 

970,283 2.57 



See footnotes at end of table. 



8-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



Table 8-1 — Continued 

Plastics and resin materials: U.S. Production and sales, 1990 



Plastics and resin materials 





Sales 




Average 
Unit 


Production 


Quantity 


Value 


value' 


1.000 
kilograms 
dry basis^ 


1.000 
kilograms 
dry basis' 


1.000 
dollars 


Per 
kilogram 


526.105 
171.762 


470,522 
156,225 


1,551.075 
166,516 


$3.30 
1.07 


288.561 


279.926 


823.034 


2.94 


261,912 
26.649 


253,893 
26,033 


783,991 
39.043 


3.09 
1.50 


1 .598.385 


1.381.640 


2.524,161 


1.83 


1.347.638 


1.147,676 


1.615.026 


1.41 


250,747 


233,964 


909.135 


3.89 


9.070,936 


8,125.164 


7.708,072 


.95 


279,944 


267.621 


371,511 


1.39 


4,675.025 
3,281 .300 


4.310,109 
3,059,978 


4,005.593 
2.912.078 


.93 
.95 


1,393,725 
4.115,967 


1,250,131 
3,547,434 


1.093.515 
3.330,968 


.87 
.94 


3,465,465 


3,146,662 


2,523.573 


.80 


176.016 


157.378 


198.026 


1.26 


77.846 
67.247 
30.923 


64.342 
62,392 
30,644 


60,259 
98,826 
38,941 


.94 
1.58 
1.27 


4.624.113 


3,648,932 


4,481,201 


1.23 


521.932 


519,157 


1.011.673 


1.95 


3,427.928 

679,661 

1,067,546 

1,680,721 

369,320 

348,048 

21,272 

304,933 


2,536,623 
364,259 
954,005 

1.218.359 

327,804 

307,909 

19,895 

265.348 


2,437,499 
419.692 
964,295 

1,053,512 

457.619 

428.315 

29.304 

574,410 


.96 
1.15 
1.01 

.86 
1.40 
1.39 
1.47 
2.16 



Thermoplastics resins — Continued 

Engineering plastics'^ 

Petroleum hydrocarbons resins 

Polyamide resins, total 

Nylon type" '^ 

Non-nylon type 

Polyester resins, saturated, total" '^ 

Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) 

All other saturated polyesters, including Poly- 
butylene terephthalate, (PBT) resins 

Polyethylene resins, total 

Ethylene-vinyl acetate and other copolymer 
resins 

Specific gravity 0.940 and below, totaP^ 

Low density polyethylene (LDPE) resins 

Linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) 

resins 

Specific gravity over 0.940 

Polypropylene resins 

Rosin modifications, total 

Modified rosin (unesterified) 

Modified rosin esters 

Rosin esters, unmodified (Ester gums) 

Styrene plastics materials, total 

Acrylonttrile-butadiene-styrene terpolymer (ABS) 
resins 

Polystyrene homopolymers, total 

Expandable polystyrene beads 

Rubber modified polystyrene 

Straight polystyrene 

Styrene latexes, total 

Styrene-butadiene latexes 

All other styrene latexes 

All other styrene plastics materials'* 

See footnotes at end of table. 



8-3 



Section 8 



Table 8-1 — Continued 

Plastics and resin materials: U.S. Production and sales, 1990 



Sales 



Plastics and resin materials 



Production Quantity 



Value 



Average 

Unit 

value' 



1.000 
kilograms 
dry basis' 
Thermoplastics resins — Continued 

Vinyl resins, total'' 4,943.944 

Polyvinyl acetate'* 305,943 

Polyvinyl chloride and copolymers 4,247,008 

Vinyl acetate-acrylate copolymers 220,976 

All other vinyl and vinylidene resins" 1 70,01 7 

All other thermoplastic resins^ 194,391 



1.000 
kilograms 
dry basis' 

4,430,301 



204.811 
3.848.569 
218.696 
158.225 
144.074 



1.000 
dollars 



310,587 
3.203.036 
217.312 
371.383 
766,960 



Per 
kilogram 



4,102,318 $.93 

1.52 

.83 

.99 

2.35 

5.32 



' Calculated from unrounded figures. 

^ Dry weight basis unless otherwise specified. Dry weight basis is the total weight of the materials including resin 
and coloring agents, extenders, fillers, plasticizers, and other additives, but excluding water and other liquid diluents 
unless they are an integral part of the materials. 

^ Includes reactive diluents which are an integral part of the resin. Excludes the weight of hardeners sold in 
association with the resin as part of a two-component system. 

* Data shown for advanced epoxy resins are that part of the unmodified epoxy resins which is further processed; 
therefore, the total in parentheses are not included in the grand total. 

^ Reported data were accepted in confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 

^ Polyester resins are unsaturated alkyd resins, later to be copolymerized with a monomer (Such as styrene or 
methyl methacrylate), and polyallyl resins (such as diallyl phthalate and diglycol carbonate). Data are on an "as sold" 
basis, including monomer if pari of the resin system. 

' In addition to the polyols, the other principal starting materials used in the production of urethane products are 
the isocyanic acid derivatives, mainly the 80/20 mixture of toluene-2.4- and 2.6-diisocyanate. 

Statistics for the isocyanic acid derivatives are reported in the "Cyclic Intermediates" section of the Synthetic 
Organic Chemicals report. 

* The data on urethane elastomers are believed to be not fully representative of the total urethane market in view 
of the very large number of urethane elastomer producers. The commission has begun reporting statistics for 
urethane elastomers in two sections, section VIII, plastics and resin materials, and section X, elastomers (synthetic 
rubber). Henceforth those polyurethane products classified as "thermoplastic" urethane elastomers will be reported in 
SOC section X: all other urethane elastomers will remain in SOC section VIII. 

' Includes thiourea resins. 

'° Includes acetone-formaldehyde resins, giyoxal-formaldehyde resins (sales only), polybutadiene resins, silicone 
resins, and certain other thermosetting resins. 

" Does not include production or sales for fiber use. 

'^ Engineering plastics: Includes acetal. polycarbonate, polyetheretherketone (PEEK) resins, polyimide and 
amide-imide polymers, polyphenylene oxide, polyphenylene surfide. and polysuKone. Engineering plastics are defined 
in Whittington's Dictionary of Plastics, as "All plastk:s, with or without fillers or reinforcements, whk;h have mechanical, 
chemical and thermal properties suitable for use in constructon, machine components and chemical processing 
equipment." The above list of plastics (all of which are thermoplastic) was selected from a larger group in this source. 
Certain other plastics named In Whittington's Dictionary as engineering plastics, such as ABS resins, acrylic resins, 
and nylon resins, are not included in the above list as they are published separately. 

'^ Statistics for nylon 6 and nylon 6/6 which are used in plastics applications (e.g., molding, etc.) are included here. 

'* Statistics are included here for polyethylene terephthalate used in plastics appllcatbns (e.g., molding, etc.) 
Statistics also are included here for production only when the starting materials are converted directly to a finished 
product(i.e., "in situ" production); polyester film and tape are examples of such a conversion. 

'5 Data shown for LLDPE resins are incomplete because several of the leading producers of LLDPE (e.g.. Union 
Carbide Corp.) still continue to aggregate these data with that of LDPE. 

'* Includes data for a-methyl styrene polymers, methyl methacylate-butadiene-styrene (MBS), styrene acrytonitrile 
(SAN) copolymer resins, styrene-allyl alcohol copolymer resins, styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer resins, 
styrene-maleic anhydride copolymers resins, styrene-methyl methacrylate copolymers resins, and other styrene 
resins. 

'' Data are on the basis of dry resin content, excluding the weight of plasticizers. extenders, fillers coloring agents, 
stabilizers, or impact modifiers, unless othenwise noted. 

'* Data for polyvinyl acetate produced and sokJ in latex form includes the weight of any protective colbids which 
are used as emulsion stabilizers and form an integral part of the resin system. Production and sales do not include 
polyvinyl acetate used as a reactive intermediate for cx3lyvinyl alcohol or other vinyl resins. 

'" Includes polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl butyral, polyvinyl formal, polyvinylidene chbride. and other vinyl resins. 

^ Includes cellulose plastics, coumarone-indene resins, fluorocartwn resins, phenoxy resins, polybutylene type 
resins, polyphenyl aromatic ester resins, and certain other thermoplastic materials. 

Note. — Data reported to the U.S. International Trade Commissbn do not necessarily coincbe with that reported to the 
Society of the Plastics Industry (SPI) because of differences in both the reporting instrucions and in the coverage of 
certain resins. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questbnnaires of the U.S Internatbnal Trade Commission. 



8-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 8-2 

Plastics and resin materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 

1990 



Plastics and resin materials 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 8-3) 



Thermosetting resins: Yes 

Acetone-formaldehyde resins Yes 

Alkyd resins: 

Acrylate-alkyd copolymer resins No 

Alkoyl phenol Yes 

Phthalic anhydride type alkyd resins No 



Polybasic acid type alkyd resins Yes 

Styrenated-alkyds, or copolymer alkyds Yes 

Vinyl toluene alkyds Yes 

All other alkyd copolymers Yes 

Amino resins: 

Melamine-formakJehyde resins Yes 

Thiourea resins No 

Urea-formakJehyde resins Yes 

Dicyandiamide resins Yes 

Epoxy resins: 

Epoxy resins, advanced Yes 

Epoxy resins, unmodified Yes 

Furturyl type resins Yes 

Glyoxal-formaklehyde resins Yes 

Phenolic and other tar acid resins Yes 



Polybutadiene resins Yes 

Polyester resins, unsaturated, and allyl resins: 

Allyl resins No 

Diallyl isophthalate No 

Polyester resins, unsaturated No 



ACY, CMP, FLH, GP. 

ACY, CKC, CPV. DRC. FRE, MNP. PPG. 
QCP, REL. VSP. (2). 

(\ 

AGO, ACY, AKZ. BLC. BRU. CGL. CJO, 

CPV. DRC, DUP. EW, FOC. FRE. GLD, 

GRG, GRV 

ICF. IMI. JOB. Lie. MMM. MNR NCR 

OBC. PPG, PRT RCI, RDA. REL, SRY 

TCC. UNO, 

VSP. (') (\ ('), ev 

CJO, CKC, CPV EW. FOC. GLD. ICR IMI. 

lOV PPG. REL. SCN. VSP. (\ 
CJO, CKC, CPV DRC. EW. FRE, IMI, 

JOB. MNP. MRT SCN, VSP, (^. 
BLC, CGL, CKC. CPV FRE. GLD. IMI. 

JOB. MNR REL. (\ 
AGO, BLC, CGL. CJO. DUR ICR MNR 

ACY AUX. BOR, CBD, CKC, CPV DRC. 

GR GRG, MNR MON, PLS, PMC, PPL. 

PST RCI, RDA, REL, TCC, WRD. 
CMR 
ACY AUX, BOR. CBD. CGL, CKC. CMR 

CPV GR GRV MMM, PMC, PPL. PST 

RDA. REL. SAC, SOR. SQA, VSR 

WPG. 
CMR ECC. HCL. S. TCC. 

AKZ. CGL, CGY, CKC. CNI. CPV DOW. 
EW. GE. GLD. GRG. GRV HXL. ICR 
Lie. MID, MIL. MMM, MRT OCR PPG, 

RCI. RDA. SMO, VSR (^). 

ASH. CGY CJO, CKC. CLU. CPV DAN. 
DOW, HYA, MNR NES, PRT RCI. RDA. 

SHC. UCC, (*). 

CLU. DRR. HVG. UNO. WRD. 

AUX. CMR HCL. SQA. TCC. WPG. 

ADC. AR2, ASH. BME, BOR. BSC. BTL, 
CBD. CGL. CKC. DRR, EW, GE. GR 
HCL. HER. HKD. HPC, HVG. ICR IMI, 
IRI. ISR Lll, MCA. MID, MMM, NCI. 
OBC. OCR PLS, PSG, RH. SCN. SIM. 
SPL. UCC. UNO. USR, VSR VSV WPG. 
WRD. (»), (*), I?). 

CCS, CNI. HCL. LC, PSL. 

CMS. 

CMS. IMI. 

ACY. ADC. APH. ART. ASH, CGL. CKC. 
CMS, CPV EW, GLD, GRG. ICR ICI, 
IMI, IPC. JOB, Lll. MRT NCR OCR 
PPG. PPL, RCI. SCN. SHX, SIC, VSR 



See footnotes at end of table. 



8-S 



Section 8 

Table 8-2 — Continued 

Plastics and resin materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 

1990 



Plastics and resin materials 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 8-3} 



Thermosetting resin— Continued 

Polyether and polyester polyols for urethanes Yes 



Polyurethane elastomer and plastic products: 
Polyurethane elastomers Yes 

Polyurethane resins Yes 

Silicone resins No 

All other thermosetting resins, benzenoid Yes 

Thermoplastic resins: 

Acrylic resins: Yes 

Copolymer resins of acrylic and/or methacryllc acid 

resins: 
Butyl acrylate ethyl acrylate copolymer resins .... No 
Butyl methacrylate-ethyl methylacrylate copolymer 

resins No 

2-Ethylhexyl acrylate-methy acrylate copolymer 

resins No 

Lauryl methacrylate-stearyl methacrylate 

copolymer resins No 

Other copolymer resins of acrylic and/or 

methacrylic acid esters No 



Homopoiymer resins of acrylic and/or methacrylic 
acid resins: 
Other homopoiymer resins of acrylic and/or 

methacrylic acldesters Yes 

Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) Yes 

Thermosetting acrylate resins Yes 

Cellulose plastics and resins: 

Cellulose acetate No 

Cellulose acetate butyrate No 

Cellulose acetate propionate No 

Ethyl cellulose No 

Coumarone-indene resins No 

Engineering plastics: Yes 

Acetal resins No 

Polycartxjnate resins No 



BAS, BMC. BPT. CHC, CKC, CPV. CXI. 
DOW, PRE, GRG. HCF, ICF, ICI, MRT, 
OMC. PPG. PPL. RCI, RUO, SLC. SYT. 
UCC. WM. (2). 

ACY ADC. ARO. BPT CAS, CGY CNi, 

DNS. EPI, GLC. HXL, ICF. INP. MRT. 

PPG. PRC, QUN. RUO. SCN. SLC. 

SMO. SYT USM. USR. VSP 
ACO. BAS. CGL. DUP. EW, GLD. GRD. 

HYC, IMI, INP JOB. LC. MID, MO^. 

OMC. PEL. SHX. SIF. (=*). 
CJO. DCC. PEL. RH, SPD. 
ACY AKZ. BAS, FRE, GLD. ICF, MID. 

OBC, REL. RTC. S. TCC. (\ (\ l^). 



AiP BFG. ICI, RDA. RH. TCC. UOC. 

CGL. RDA. UOC. 

RDA. UOC. 

ICI. 

ACO, AIR BPT, CHP. CKC. CPV. ORB. 
DRC, FLH, GGI, GLD. iCF. ICI. JNS. 
KMP MON, NES. NSC. PPG. PRA. PYi. 
RAS. RCD. RCI, RDA. RH. SCN. SYT. 
TCC. UCC, VSP (2). 



CKC, CPV. DRC. DUP. ESS. GRV. PYI. 

RH, SAR, SCP UOC. (% 
ART CTP CYR. DUP JOB. MRT PKL. 

RH, SAR, SQA, TCC. 
AIP AKZ, CKC, CPV. DRC, DUP FRE, 

GRV, ICF, MID, MNP, PPG, PRA. RDA. 

REL. SCP SM. 

EKT. 
EKT. 
EKT. 
AQU. 
CKC. 

DRR, DUP HCL, PRT 
DOW, GE. MOB. SQA. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



8-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 8-2 — Continued 

Plastics and resin materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 

1990 



Plastics and resin materials 



Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 
statistics ' (according to list in table 8-3) 



Thermoplastic resins — Continued 
Engineering plastics — Continued 

Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) resins No 

Polyimides and amide-imide polymers No 

Polyphenylene oxide type resins No 

Polyphenylene sulfide resins No 

Fluorocarbon resins: 

Ethylene/chlorotrifluoro ethylene copolymer (Halar) . No 

Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) No 

Poly vinylldene f buride No 

Polyvinylidene fluoride resin No 

All other fluorocarton resins No 

Nylon 6,6-acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene No 

Petroleum hydrocarbon resins Yes 

Phenoxy (R) resin (other than for coating and 

adhesives) No 

Plastics alloys or blends No 

Polyamide resins: Yes 

Non-nylon type, polyamide resins Yes 

Nylon type, polyamide resins Yes 

Polybutylene type resins No 

Polyester resins, saturated: Yes 

Polybutylene terephthalate(PBT) No 

Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) Yes 

Ail other polyester resins, saturated Yes 

Polyethylene and copolymers resins: 

Ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymer resins Yes 

Other ethylene copolymer resins Yes 

Specific gravity 0.940 and below Yes 

Specific gravity 0.940 and below Yes 

Specific gravity over 0.940 Yes 

Polypropylene polymer and copolymer resins Yes 

Polyterpene resins No 

Rosin modifications: Yes 

Modified rosin (unesterified) Yes 

Modified rosin esters Yes 

Rosin esters, unmodified (Ester gums) Yes 

Styrene type plastics materials: Yes 

Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) terpolymer 

resins Yes 

a-Methyl styrene polymers Yes 



GE. 

DUP. EW, GRG. PDI. SON. 

ELP. GE. 

HCL, PLC. 

AUS. 

AUS, DUP. ICI. 
AUS. 
PAS. 
DUR 
MON. 

ARZ, CFX, CXi, EKX. ENJ. GYR. HPC. Lll, 
NEV, (=>). 

IGF. NEV. UCC. 
MOB. 

ARZ, COO, EFH. GP. Lll, NCI, OBC. S. 

SHX. SQA. USM. 
ACS. AGI. BAS. BCM. CTR, DUP. GRG. 

HCL. MON, RSN. SKP USM. 
ENJ. SHC. 

BAS. CKC. DUP. GE. HCL, MOB. 

ACS. DUP EKT. FBI. GYR, HCL, ICI. IMI. 

MOB, RDA, (*). 
ACS. BPT CPV, DUP. EKT. GLD. GRG, 

GYR, HCL, iCF. ICI, MNP PPG. REL. 

SCN. USM. 

COO. ENJ. NSC. RCI. USI. 

DOW. EKT. EKX. ENJ. EVL. SQA, C^). 

ACS, DOW. DUP. EKX. ELP. ENJ, LYP. 

SM. SOC, SQA, UCC. USI. 
CMP. DOW, ENJ, SM. USI. 
ACS, CNE, DOW, HCL, HIM, SLT SOC, 

UCC. USI. 
AMO. ART. BAS. CSD. EKX, ENJ, HIM. 

LYP. MIL. PLC, SHC, SLT USI. 
ARZ. GRV. HPC. 

ARZ, CJO. HPC. NCI. SYL. WVA, C). 
CKC, CPV EW, FRP GP, GRV HCL. HPC. 

ICF, Lll. NCI, SYL, WVA. 
ARZ, CKC, CPV, FRP HPC, NCI. SYL 



DOW, GE, GRD. MON. 

AlP AMO. ATR. CKC, CPV JNS. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



8-7 



Section 8 



Table 8-2 — Continued 

Plastics and resin materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 

1990 



Plastics and resin materials 



Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 
statistics ' (according to list in table 8-3) 



Thermoplastic resins— Continued 
Styrene type plastics materials — Continued 

Styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer resins (SAN) No 

Polystyrene: Yes 

Expandable polystyrene beads Yes 

Rubber modilied polystyrene Yes 

Straight polystyrene Yes 

Styrene latexes; Yes 

Styrene-butadiene latexes Yes 

All other styrene latexes No 

Other styrene copolymers: 

Acrylic-styrene-acrylonitrile No 

Methyl methacrylate-butadiene styrene (MBS) 

resins No 

Styrene-acrylonitnle-a-methyl styrene No 

Styrene-allyl alcohol copolymer resins No 

Styrene-dlvinylbenzene copolymer resins No 

Styrene-limonone copolymer No 

Styrene-maloic anhydride copolymer resins No 

Styrene-maleic anhydride, glass filled No 

Styrene-maleic anhydride-isobutanol terpolymer . . No 

Styrene-methyl methacrylate copolymer resins ... No 

All other styrene copolymers No 

Ail other styrene type plastics materials No 

Vinyl resins: 
Polyvinyl acetate resins Yes 

Polyvinyl alcohol resins No 

Polyvinyl butyral resins No 

Polyvinyl formal resin No 

Vinyl acetate-acrylate copolymers Yes 

Polyvinyl chloride and copolymer resins: Yes 

Polyvinyl chloride homopolymer resins No 

All other polyvinyl chloride copolymer resins No 

Polyvinylidine chloride resins: Yes 

Latex type polyvinylidene chloride resins No 

All other vinyl resins No 

All other thermoplastic resins, benzenoid No 



DOW, GE, ICI, MON. USR. 

ATR. BAS, DPI, HMN. TXS. 

AMO. API. CSD, DOW, DPI, HMN, PLR. 

SM. 
AEP. AMO. API. ATR. CSD. DOW. DPI. 

GAP. HMN. HPC. KTP, PLR. RCD. SM. 

SOC. TXS. 

DOW. GRD. GYR, PYI, RCI, RDA, UOC. 
ADC, CCS. FRS. GRD, SPO, UCC, UOC. 

MON, 

CYR, RH. 
MON. 

HPC. MON. 
EK. RH, TCC. 
AR2. MON. 
ATR. JNS. RSN. 
MON. 
MON. 

ADC. RCD. 

AlP. ATR, CKC, CPV, EW, FLH. GE. GGI. 
HPC. JNS, MON, OBC, PLC, TCC. VSP, 

PER, GYR. HMN, ICI. 

AlP. CGL. DAN. FLH. FLN. GLD. GRD. 

JOB. MNP. MON. NSC. PRA. PYI. RCI. 

SQA. TCC. UCC. UOC. (2). 
AlP. DUP. 
MON. 

GRG. MON. 
ACO. AlP. CMP. DAN. FLH. GLD. KMP. 

NCJ. NTC, OBC. PRA. RCI. RDA. RH. 

SPC. UCC, UOC, VSP 

AlP, BCP, BFG, CNT FOR, GGC, GYR. 

HKP, KYS, SHT UCC, VST VYN. 
BCP, BFG, HKP, KYS, VYN. 

BFG, GRD. UOC. 

DOW. DUP. EW. FLH. GLD. NCJ. RH. 

UCC. 
DUP. ENJ, HCL, Lll, NES. PRC, RSN. 

TNA. UOC, VSR 



' Chemicals for v*(hich separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by yes.' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not t>e published are indicated by 'no.' 

* The manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated products. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



8-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



Table S-3 

Plastics and resin materials: Directory of nianufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1990 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



AGO Adco Chemical Co. 

ACS Allied Signal, Inc. 

Engineered Materials Sector. 

Engineered Plastic Div. 

High Density Polyethylene Business 

ACY American Cyanamid Co. 

ADC Anderson Development Co. 

AEP A & E Plastics Corp. 

AGI EMS-American Grilon, Inc. 

AlP Air Products & Chemicals, Inc. 

AKZ Ak20 Coating, Inc. 

AMO Amoco Corp. 

APH Alpha Corporation of Tennessee 

API American Polymers, Inc. 

AQU Aqualon Co. 

ARO Arnco 

ART Aristech Chemical Corp. 

ARZ Arizona Chemical Co. 

ASH Ashland Oil, Inc. 

ATR Atlantic Richfield Co., Aroo Chemical 

Co. 

AUS Ausimont N.V. 

AUX Auralux Corp. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BCM Belding Chemical Industries 

BCP Borden Chemical & Plastics Delaware 

Limited Partnership 

BFG B. F, Goodrich Co. 

BLC Ranbar Technology, Inc. 

BMC Brin-Mont Chemicals, inc. 

BME Allied Signal Bendix Corp., Friction 

Materials Div. 
BOR Borden, Inc.. Packaging & Industria 

Products Div. 

BPT Permuthane Coatings, Inc. 

BRU M. A. Bruder & Sons, Inc. 

BSC Cascade Resins. Inc. 

BTL BTL Specialty Resin Corp. 

CAS CasChem, Inc. 

CBD Chembond Corp. 

CCS Colorado Chemical Specialties, Inc. 

CFX Chemfax, Inc. 

CGL Cargill, Inc. 

CGY Ciba-Geigy Corp. 

CHC Carpenter Chemical Co. 

CHP C. H. Patrick & Co., Inc. 

CJO C. J. Osborn Chemicals, Inc. 

CKC Cook Composites and Polymers 

Company 
CLU CL Industries, Inc. 



CMP Commercial Products Co., inc. 

CMS Cosmic Plastics, Inc. 

CNE Oxy Petrochemicals, Inc. 

CNI Conap, Inc. 

CNT Certainteed Corp. 

COO H.B. Fuller Co. 

CPV Cook Paint & Varnish Co. 

CSD Fina Oil & Chemical Co., Cosden 

Chemical Div. 

CTP Continential Polymers, Inc. 

CTR Custom Resins Div. of Bemis Co., Inc. 

CXI Chemical Exchange Industries, Inc. 

CYR CYRO Industries 

DAN Dan River. Inc., Chemical Products Div. 

DCC Dow Corning Corp. 

DNS Dennis Chemical Co. 

DOW Dow Chemical Co. 

DPI Dart Polymers, Inc., Sub of Dart 

Container Corp. 

DRB Rohm Tech, Inc. 

DRC Dock Resins Corp. 

DRR Delta Resins 4 Refractories 

DUP E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. 

Automotive Product Dept. 

Chemicals and Pigments Dept. 

ED/IMG Dept. 

Petrochemicals Dept. 

Polymer Products Dept. 

ECC Eastern Color & Chemical Co. 

EFH E. F Houghton & Co. 

EK Eastman Kodak Co.: 

EKT Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 

EKX Texas Eastman Co. Div. 

ELP Rexene Products Company 

ENJ Exxon Chemical Americas 

EPI Eagle Picher Industries, Orthane Div. 

ESS Essential Industries, Inc. 

EVL Eval Company of America 

EW Westinghouse Electric Corp., Insulating 

Materials Div. 

FBI Fibers Industries, Inc. 

FER Ferro Corp., Keil Chemical Div. 

FLH H. B. Fuller Co. 

FLN Franklin International 

FOC Handschy IrxJustries, Inc., Ink & 

Chemcals Div. 

FOR Fonnosa Plastics Corp. - U.S.A. 

FRE Freeman Chemcal Corp. 

FRP Akzo Coatings, Inc. 



See note at end of table. 



8-9 



Section 8 

Table 8-3 — Continued 

Plastics and resin materials: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1990 



Coda Name of company 

FRS Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., Firestone 

Synthetic Rubber & Latex Co. Div. 

GAF GAF Chemical Corp. 

GE General Electric Co.: 

Electromaterials Div. 

Specialty Chemical Group 
GGC Georgia-Gulf Corp.,: 

PVC Compound Div. 

Piaquemine Div. 

GGI Grow Group, Inc. 

GLC General Latex & Chemical Corp. 

GLD Glidden Co. 

GP Georgia-Pacrtic Corp.: 

Resins Operations 

GRD W. R. Grace & Co., Organic Chemicals 

Div., 

GRG P D. George Co. 

GRV Guardsman Chemicals, Inc. 

GYR Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 

HCF Cape Industries 

HCL Hoechst Celanese Corp: 

Bayport Works 

Engineering Plastics Div. 

Fibers Industrial Div. 

Sou-Tex Works 

HER Heresite Protective Coatings. Inc. 

HIM Himont U.S.A., Inc. 

Occidental Chemk:al Corp.: 

HKD Durez Div. 

HKP Polymers and Plastics Div. 

HMN Huntsman Chemical Corp. 

HPC Hercules, Inc. 

HVG Ametek, Inc., Haveg Div. 

HXL Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Chemical 

Products 

Dexter Corp: 
HYA Dexter Adhesives and Structual Material 

Div. 

HYC Dexter Electronic Materials Div. 

ICF BASF Corp., Coating and Colorants 

ICI ICI Americas: 

Film Group Div. 

Resin Div. 

Specialty Chemical Div. 

IMI Insulating Materials, Inc. 

INP Synair Corp. 

lOV Ak20/lovite, Inc. 

IPC Interplastic Corp. 

IRI Stuart-Ironsides, Inc. 

ISP Indspec Chemical Corp. 



Code 



Name of company 



JNS S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. 

JOB Jones-Blair 

KMP Kelly-Moore Paint Co., Inc. 

KTP Kama Corp. 

KYS Keysor Century Corp. 

LC Lord Corp., Chemical Products Group 

Lie Lilly Industrial Coatings, Inc. 

Lll Lawter International, Inc. 

LYP Lyondell Petrochemical Co. 

MCA Masonite Corp., Alpine Resin Div. 

MID Dexter Corp., Dexter Specialty Coatings 

MIL Milliken & Co., Milliken Chemical Co. 

MMM Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co. 

MNP Mcw^horther, Inc. 

MOB Mobay Chemical Corp., Pittsburgh Div. 

MON Monsanto Co. 

MRT Morton International Inc., Morton 

Chemical Div. 

NCI Union Camp Corp. 

NCJ National Casein of New Jersey 

NCP Niles Chemical Paint Co. 

NES Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co. 

NEV Neville Chemical Co. 

NSC National Starch & Chemical Corp. 

NTC National Casein Co. 

OBC O'Brien Corp. 

OCF Owens-Corning Fiberglas Corp. 

OMC Olin Corp. 

PAS Atochem North America, Inc. 

PDI Phelps Dodge Industries, Inc., Phelps 

Dodge 

Magnet Wire Co. Div. 

PEL Pelron Corp. 

PKL Plaskolite, Inc. 

PLC Phillips 66 Co. 

PLR Polysar, Inc., Plastics Div. 

PLS Plastics Engineering Co. 

PMC Plastics Manufacturing Co. 

PPG PPG Industries. Inc. 

PPL Pioneer Plastk» Corp. 

PRA Para-Chem Southern, Inc. 

PRC Products Research & Chemical Corp. 

PRT Pratt & Lambert, Inc. 

PSG PMC Specialites Group 

PSL Plastok Corp. 

PST Perstorp Compounds, Inc. 

PYI Morion International, Inc., Morton 

Chemical Div. 

QCP Quaker Chemcal Corp. 

GUN K. J. Quinn & Co., Inc. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



-10 



Sxniheiic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



Tabic 8-3 — Continued 

Plastics and resin materials: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1990 



Code 



Name of company 



Code Name of company 

SOR MW Manufacturers, Inc.. Southern 

Resin Div. 

SPC Insiico Corp , Sinclair Paint Co. Div. 

SPD General Electric Co . Silicone Products 

Dept. 
SPL Spaulding Composites Co., Inc. 

SPO Amenpol Synpol Co. Div of Uniroyal 

Goodrich Tire Co. 

SQA Sequa Chemcals. Inc. 

SRY Synray Corp. 

SYL Arizona Chemical Co. 

SYT Synthron. Inc. 

TCC Sybron Chemicals, Inc. 

TNA Ethyl Corp. 

TXS Scon Polymers. Inc. 

UCC Union Carbide Corp., Industrial 

Chemical Div. 
UNO United-Erie. Inc. 

UOC Union Oil Co. of California 

USI Quantum Chemical Corp., US! Division 

USM Emhart Corp., Bostik Div. 

USR Uniroyal, Chemical Co , Inc. 

VSP Valspar Corporaton 

VST Vista Chemical Co. 

VSV Valentine Sugars. Inc 

VYN Vygen, Inc. 

WM Inolex Chemical Co 

WPG West Point-Pepperell, Inc.. Grifftex 

Chemical Co Sub. 

WRD Weyerhaeuser Co. 

WVA Westvaco Corp. 



RAS Surface Coatings. Inc. 

RCD Polysar, Inc 

RCI Reichhold Chemicals. Inc. 

RDA Rhone-Poulenc, Inc. 

REL Akzo Coatings. Inc. 

RH . Rohm & Haas Co 

RSN Atochem, Inc., Polymers Div. 

RTC Mount Vernon Mills, Inc. 

RUO Ruco Polymer Corp. 

S Sandoz Chemicals Corp.. Color and 

Chemicals Div. 

SAC Southeastern Adhesives Co. 

SAR Esschem. Inc 

SCN Schenectady Chemicals. Inc. 

SCP Henkel Corp. 

SHC Shell Chemical Co. 

SHT Shintech. Inc. 

SHX Sherex Chemical Co. 

SIC BP Chemicals. Inc., Silmar Div. 

SIF BP Chemicals, Inc., Filon Div. 

SKP Shakespeare Co Monofilament Div. 

SLC Soluol Chem Co.. Inc. 

SLT Soltex Polymer Corp. 

SM Mobil Oil Corp.: 

Mobil Chemical Co.: 

Chemical Products Div. 

Petrochemicals Div. 

Polystyrene Business Group 

SMO Smooth-On, Inc. 

SCO Chevron Corp., Chevron Chemical Co. 



Note. — Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questonnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



8-11 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



Section 9 
Rubber-Processing Chemicals 

Rubber-processing chemicals are organic 
compounds that are added to natural and synthetic 
rubber to give them qualities necessary for their 
conversion into fmished rubber goods. In this report, 
statistics are given for cyclic and acyclic compounds by 
use--such as accelerators, antioxidants, and vulcanizing 
agents. Data on production and sales of rubber- 
processing chemicals in 1989 are given in table 9-1. 
Data on production of rubber-processing chemicals 
during 1985-89 are given in figure 9-1. 

Production of rubber-processing chemicals as a 
group in 1990 amounted to 179 million kilograms, or 2 
percent more than the 176 million kilograms produced 
in 1989. Sales of rubber-processing chemicals in 1990 
amounted to 136 million kilograms, valued at S458 
milUon, compared with 129 million kilograms, valued 
at $474 million, in 1989. 

The production of cyclic rubber-processing 
chemicals in 1990 amounted to 138 million kilograms, 
or 11 percent less than the ISS million kilograms 
produced in 1989. Sales of cyclic rubber-processing 
chemicals in 1990 totaled 104 million kilograms, 
valued at S413 million, compared with 109 million 



kilograms, valued at $430 million, in 1989. Of the 
total production of cyclic rubber-processing chemicals 
in 1990, antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers 
accounted for 69 percent, and accelerators, activators, 
and vulcanizing agents for 29 percent. Production of 
antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers, which 
amounted to % million kilograms in 1990, included 59 
milUon kilograms of amino compounds and 37 million 
kilograms of phenolic and phosphite compounds. Sales 
of amino antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers in 
1990 amounted to 73 million kilograms, valued at $274 
million; sales of phenolic and phosphite compounds 
totalled 26 million kilograms, valued at $91 million. 

Production of acyclic rubber-processing chemicals 
in 1990 amounted to 40 million kilograms, or 93 
percent more than the 21 million kilograms produced 
in 1989. Sales in 1990 totaled 32 million kilograms, 
valued at $44 million, compared with 20 million 
kilograms, valued at $43 million, in 1989. 

Table 9-2 lists the products reported in this section 
and indicates the manufacturer(s) of each by code. 
These codes are indentified by company name in table 
9-3. 

Cynthia Trcdnor 
202-205-3354 



Figure 9-1 

Rubber-processing chemicals: U.S. production, 1986-90 

MilBons 

of kilograms 

200 — 




1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



9-1 



Section 9 

Table 9-1 

Rubber-processing chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1990 



Rubber-processing chemicals 





Sales 




Average 
Unit 


Production 


Quantity 


Value 


value^ 


1,000 
l<ilograms 


1.000 
kilograms 


1.000 
dollars 


Per 
kilogram 



Grand Total 

Cyclic 

Total 

Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing 
agents total 

Thiazole derivatives, total 37.690 

N-tert-Butyl-2-ben20thia2olesulfenamide .... 10,257 

2,2'-Dithiobis[benzothia2ole] 5.585 

All other thiazole derivatives 21 ,848 

All other accelerators, activators, and 

vulcanizing agents^ ^ 1 .786 

Antioxidants, antiozonants. and stabilizers, 

total 96.043 

Amino compounds, total 59,375 

Substituted p-phenylenediamines 36,741 

All other amino compounds* 22,634 

Phenolic and phosphite compounds, total* .... 36,668 

Polyphenolics 3,281 

All other phenolic and phosphite 

compounds 33,387 

All other cyclic rubber-processing chemicals* .... 2,907 

Acyclic 

Total 40.181 



178,607 


136,411 


457,652 


138,426 


104,280 


413,253 


39,476 


27,381 


108,120 



1,936 



32,131 



17,100 



44,399 



$3.35 



3.96 



3.95 



25,445 


91,020 


3.58 


9,415 


38,628 


4.10 


5,500 


14,252 


2.59 


10,530 


38.140 


3.62 



13.72 



72,851 


274,695 


3.77 


46,557 


183,673 


3.95 


26,600 


123,073 


4.63 


19,957 


60,600 


3.34 


26,294 


91,022 


3.46 


2.529 


18.756 


7.42 


23.765 


72,266 


3.04 


4.048 


30.438 


7.52 



1.38 



^ Calculated from unrounded figures. 

' Includes aldehyde-amine reaction products, dithiocarbamates, and other accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing 
agents. 

' Data on dithiocarbamates included in this table are for materials used chiefly in the processing of natural and 
synthetic rubber. Data on dithiocarbamates, which are used chiefly as fungicides, are included in the section on 
"Pesticides and Related Products." 

* Includes aldehyde- and acetone-amine reaction products and other amines. 

* Also includes other antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers. 

* Includes blowing agents and other cyclic rubber-processing chemicals. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



9-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 9-2 

Rubber-processing chemicals for which U.S: production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 

Rubber-processing chemicals Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

statistics ' (according to list in table 9-3) 

Cyclic: 

Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents: 
Aldehyde-amine reaction products: 

Heptaldehyde-aniline condensate No USR. 

Triethyttrimethylenetriamine No USR. 

All other aldehyde-amine reaction products, cyclic . No OUP. 

Oithiocarbamic acid derivatives: 

Dibenzyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt No USR. 

Dibenzyidithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt No USR. 

Guanidines: 

Dicatechol borate, di-o-tolylguanidine saK No VNC. 

All other guanidines, cyclic No VNC. 

Thiazole derivatives: 

N-ten-Butyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide Yes BFG, MON, USR. 

N-Cyclohexyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide No MON, USR. 

2,2'-Dithiobis(t>enzothiazolel Yes BFG, MON, USR. 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole No MON, USR. 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, copper salt No ACY. 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, zinc salt No USR, VNC. 

N-Morpholinyl-2-benzothiazolyl disulfide No GYR. 

N-Oxydiethylene-2-benzothiazolesulfenamlde .... No BFG, USR. 

N-Oxydiethylenethiocarbamyl-N'- 

oxydiethylenesullenamide No BFG. 

All other thiazole derivatives, cyclic No (^. 

All other cyclic accelerators, activators, and 

vulcanizing agents: No 

Bis(morpholinothiocarbamoyl) disulfide No ACY. 

Dibenzylamine No HXL 

1 .3-Dihydro-4(or 5)-methyl-2H-benzimida2ole- 

2-thlone No VNC. 

DImethylammonium hydrogen Isophthalate No VNC. 

DI-N,N'-pentamethylenethiuramtetrasulfide No VNC. 

4,4'-Dlthiodlmorpholine No MON. 

2-Mercaptotololuimldazole, zinc salt No VNC. 

m-Phenylenebismalelmide No DUP. 

All other accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing 

agents, cyclic No DUP, USR. 

Antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers : 
Amino antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers: 
Aldehyde- and acetone-amine reaction products: 

Olphenylamine-acetone aldehyde No USR. 

Oiphenylamine-acetone condensate No BFG, USR. 

All other aldehyde and acetone-amine reaction 

products, cyclic No USR. 

Substituted p-phenylenediamines: 

Alkylaryl-p-phenylenedlamines No MON. 

N,N'-Bls(1 ,4-dimethylpentyl)-p- 

phenylenediamine No MON, UPM. 

N,N'-Bis(1-ethyl-3-methylpentyl)-p- 

phenylenediamine No UPM. 

N,N'-Bis(1-methylheptyl)-p-phenylenedlamine . . No UPM. 

N-Cyclohexyl-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine ... No USR. 

Diarylenediamines, mixed No GYR. 

N-(1,3-Dimethylbu1yl)-N'-phenyl-p- 

phenylenediamine No UPM, USR. 

See footnotes at end of table. 

9-3 



Section 9 

Table 9-2 — Continued 

Rubber-processing chemicals for which U.S. production and/or salas war* raportod. Mantlfiad by 

manufacturer, 1990 

Rubber-processing chemicals Separate h4anufactur«fs' idenWieation codas 

statistics ' (according to list in table 9-3) 

Cyclic-Continued 

Antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabiiizara-Continuad 
Amino antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabillzars-Contlnuad 
Substituted p-phenylenediamines: 

N,N'-Di-2-naphthyl-p-phenylenediamina No BFG. 

N,N'-Diphenyl-p-phenyienediamine No BFG. 

N-lsopropyl-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine .... No USR. 

N-(1 -MGthylheptyl)-N'-phenyl-p- 

phenylenediamine No UPM. 

N-(1 -MethylpentyO-N'-phenyl-p- 

phenylenediamine No USR. 

All other p-Phenylenediamines, substituted No KPI, USR. 

Other amines: 

p-Anilinophenol No BFG. 

1,2-Dihydro-6-ethoxy-2.2,4-trimethykjuinoiine 

(Ethoxyquin) No USR. 

1,2-Dihydro-2.2,4-trimethylquinoline No BFG. MON. 

Nonyldiphenylamine mixture (Mono-, di-, 

and tri-) No USR. 

Octyldiphenylamine No BFG, USR. 

Octyldiphenylamine. aWtylated No BFG. 

p-(p-Toluenesultonamido)dlphenylamine No USR. 

All other amino antioxidants, antiozonants, and 

stabilizers No FER. 

Phenolic and phosphite antioxidants and stabilizers: 
Phosphites: 

All^ylaryl phosphites mixed No GE. 

Nonylphenyl phosphites, mixed No GE, USR. 

Polymeric phosphites No GE. 

Polyphenolic phosphites, polyalkylated No BFG, GE. 

Triaryl phosphites No GE- 

Polyphenolics (including bisphenols): 

Bisphenol, hindered No USR. 

4,4'-Butylidenebis(6-ten-butyl-m-cresol) No MON. 

2,5-Di-sec-butyldecylhydroquinone No USR. 

2,5-Di-(1,1-dimethylpropyl)hydroquinone No MON. 

2,2'-Methylenebis(6-tert-butyl-p-aesol) No ACY, FER. 

2,2'-Methylenebis(6-tert-butyl-4-ethylphenol) ... No ACY. 

1 ,1 ,3-Tri(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-5-tert-butylphenyl) 

butane No ICI. 

All other phenolic antioxidants and stabilizers: 

Phenol, alkylated No ACY BFG. GYR, NEV. 

Phenol, hindered No FER, GYR. USR. 

Phenol, styrenaled, mixtures No NEV, USR. 

N-Stearoyl-p-aminophenol No HXL. 

All other phenolic antioxidants No USR. 

Blowing agents: 

p,p'-Oxybis(benzenesuHonhydrazide) No USR. 

S-Phenyltetrazole No OMC. 

p-Toluenesulfonylsemicarbazide No USR. 

All other cyclic rut>ber-processing chemicals: 

p-terl-Amylphenol suHido (Tackifier) No PAS. 

N-(Cyclohexylthio)phthalimide No MON. 

Diphenyl-4.4'-diphenylmethylenedicarbamate No USR. 

All other rubber-processing chemicals, cyclic No FER. 

See footnotes at end of table. 
9-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Tabic 9-2-Contlnued 

Rubber-processing chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sates ware reported. Identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 

Rubber-processing chemicals Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

statistics ' (according to list in table 9-3) 

Acyclic 

Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents: 
Dithiocarbamic acid derivatives: 

Dialkyldithiocarbamic acid derivative No VNC, (*). 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, nickel salt No USR, VNC. 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt No DUP, USR, VNC. 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt No VNC. 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, cadmium salt and 

bis{diethylthiocarbamoyl)disutfide, mixture No VNC. 

Diethykjithiocarbamic acid, tellurium salt No VNC. 

DiethyWithracarbamic acid, zinc salt No VNC. 

Oimethyldithiocarbamic ackJ, bismuth salt No VNC. 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic ackJ, copper salt No VNC. 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, lead salt No VNC. 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, selenium salt No VNC. 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt No VNC. 

All other dithkjcarbamic acid derivatives, acyclk; . . No (^. 
Thiurams: 

Bis(dibutylthiocarbamoyl) disulfide No VNC, {% 

Xanthates and sulfides: 

Di-n-butylxantho disulfide No USR. 

Zinc isopropyl xanthate No VNC. 

All other xanthates and sulfkjes, acyclk: No USR. 

All other acyclic accelerators, activators, and 
vulcanizing agents: 

All other accelerators, activators, and vukranizing 

agents, acyclic No DUP, (^). 

Polymerization regulators: 

n-Oodecyl mercaptans No PAS, PLC. 

tert-Nonyl mercaptan No PAS. PLC. 

n-Octyl mercaptan No PAS, PLC. 

All other polymerization regulators, acyclic No PLC. 

Shonstops: 

Dimethykjithiocarbamcackj, potassium salt No USR. 

DimethyWithiocarbamc ackJ, sodium salt No ALC, USR, VCC, VNC. 

All other acyclk; rubber-processing chemcals: 

Cobalt borate neodecanoate complexes No KCH. 

Waxes and paraffinic products No DUP. 

Zinc laurate (Activator, physical property 

improver, and processing auxiliary) No USR. 

All other rubber-processing chemicals, acydc No VNC. 

' Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'yes.' Chemcals for whch 

data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indk:ated by 'no.' 

^ The manufacturer dkj not consent to his identificatkin with the designated products. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questnnnaires of the U.S. Internatnnal Trade Commlssk>n. 



9-5 



Section 9 

Table 9-3 

Rubber-processing chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1990 



Code Name of company 

ACY American Cyanamid Co. 

ALC AIco Chemical Corp. 

BFG B.F. Goodrich Co., B.F. Goodrich 

Chemical Group 
DUP E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. 

Chemicals and Pigments Dept. 

Polymer Products Dept. 

FER Ferro Corp., Bedford Chemical Div. 

GE General Electric Co., Speciality 

Chemical Group 

GYR Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 

HXL Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Chemical 

Products 



Code 



Name of company 



ICI ICI Americas, Inc., Specialty Chemicals 

Div. 

KCH Manchem, Inc. 

KPI Kenrich Petrochemicals, Inc. 

MON Monsanto Co. 

NEV Neville Chemical Co. 

OMC Olin Corp. 

PAS Atochem North America, Inc. 

PLC Phillips 66 Co. 

UPM UOP, Inc. 

USR Uniroyal Chemical Co., Inc. 

VCC Vinings Chemical Co. 

VNC Vanderbitt Chemical Corp. 



Note. — Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the atx>ve reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



9-6 



Synlhelic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



Section 10 
Elastomers 

Elastomers (syniheiic rubber) are high polymeric 
materials with properties similar to those of natural 
rubber. The term "elastomers" as used in this report 
means substances, whether in bale, crumb, powder, 
latex, or other crude form, which can be vulcanized or 
similarly processed into a material that can be stretched 
to at least twice their original length: and, after having 
been so stretched and the stress removed, will return 
with force to approximately their original length. U.S. 
production and sales of elastomers in 1990 are shown 
in table 10-1. 

Total U.S. production' of synthetic rubber in 1990 
amounted to 2,233 million kilograms, an increase of 
6.8 percent from that produced in 1989. The 
production of synthetic rubber increased irregularly 
from 1,851 million kilograms in 1986 to 2,233 million 
kilograms in 1990, or by 20.6 percent (see figure 
10-1). Total sales of elastomers in 1990 amounted 
1^55 million kilograms, an increase of ll.S percent 
from that sold in 1989. 



' Until now urethane type elastomers have been included in the 
section VIII "Plastics and Resin Materials." The Commission 
has now begun reporting statistics for urethane elastomers in 
two sections, section VIII, plastics and resin materials, and 
section X, elastomers (synthetic rubber). Henceforth those 
polyureihane products classified as "thermoplastic" urethane 
elastomers will be reported in SOC section X; all other urethane 
elastomers will remain in SOC section Vm. 



Styrene-buiadiene rubber (SBR-type rubber) in 
1990 continued to be the elastomer produced in the 
greatest quantity as it has been for more than 35 years. 
U.S. production of SBR-iype rubber, including 
vinylpyridine sub-type, amounted to 900 million 
kilograms in 1990. Polybutadiene rubber, mainly 
solution-polymerized type, was produced domestically 
in 1990 in the next largest amouni-349 million 
kilograms. Other principal types of synthetic 
elastomers for which U.S. production data are reported 
separately are ethylene-propylene rubber, production of 
which was 232 million kilograms in 1990; 
buiadiene-acrylonitrile (nitrile or NBR-type) rubber, 
production of which was 58 million kilograms in 1990; 
and thermoplastic elastomers (a family of products), 
production of which was 237 million kilograms in 
1990. 

Sales of SBR-type rubber, including its 
vinylpyridine sub-type, by U.S. producers in 1990 
amounted to 604 million kilograms. In 1990, sales of 
polybutadiene rubber amounted to 176 million 
kilograms, and those of ethylene-propylene rubber to 
204 million kilograms. Sales of nitrile or NBR-type 
rubber amounted to 57 million kilograms, silicone type 
elastomer sales amounted to 68 million kilograms, and 
sales of thermoplastic elastomers amounted to 167 
million kilograms in 1990. 

Table 10-2 lists the products reported in this section 
and indicates the manufacture(s) of each by code. 
These codes are identified by company names in table 
10-3. 

Edward J. Taylor 
202-205-3362 



Figure 10-1 
Elastomers: 



U.S. production, 1986-90 



Billions 
of kilograms 

5 




1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



10-1 



Section 10 

Table 10-1 

Elastomers (synthetic rubber):' U.S. production and sales, 1990 



Elastomers 



ProductiorP^ 



Sales 



Quantity^ Value 



Average 

Unit 

value-' 



1,000 
kilograms 

Grand total 2.233,076 

Butadiene-acrylonitrile type (nitrile) (NBR-type) 57,889 

Ethylene-propylene type (EP-type) 232,336 

Polybutadiene type (BR-type) 349.199 

Silicone (Q) type elastomers 94.698 

Sty rene-butadiene type (SBR-type)* 900,175 

Thermoplastic elastomers (such as styrene-block 

copolymers, thermoplastic olefin elastomers, 

thermoplastic polyurethane elastomers, 

and co-polyesters) 256,787 

All other elastomers* 341,992 



1.000 
kilograms 



1,000 
dollars 



56,894 
204,101 
175,575 

68.412 
604,301 



166,995 
278,844 



117,044 
415,460 
196,262 
508,308 
741 ,988 



464,322 
684,479 



Per 
kitogram 



1,555,122 3,127,863 $2.01 



2.06 
2.04 
1.12 
7.43 
1.23 



2.78 
2.45 



' The term "elastomers" is defined as substances in bale, crumb, powder, latex, and other crude forms which can 
be vulcanized or similarly processed into materials that can be stretched at 68° F. to at least twice their original length 
and after having been stretched and the stress removed, will return with force to approximately their original length. 

* Includes oil content of oil-extended elastomers. 
^ Calculated from unrounded figures. 

* About three-fourths of SBR elastomer production is the dry type of product. The data includes the 
styrene-butadiene vinylpyridine type. 

* Includes butyl, chlorinated natural rubber, chlorosulfonated polyethylene, epichlorohydrin, fluoroelastomers, 
polyacrylic ester type, polychloroprene (neoprene) type, polyisoprenes (including cyclorubber), polysulfide, and 
miscellaneous elastomers. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



10-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 10-2 
Elastomers for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 



Elastomers 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 10-3) 



Cyclic elastomers: 

Styrene-butadiene (S or SBR) type: Yes 

Styrene-butadiene, dry type No 

Styrene-butadiene, latex type No 

Styrene-butadiene-vinyipyridine No 

Styrene-butadiene type elastomers, other No 

Thermoplastic elastomers (such as styrene-block , 
copolymers, thermoplastic olefin elastomers, 
thermoplastic polyurethanes elastomers, and oo- 

polyester) Yes 

Acyclic elastomers: 

Butadiene-acrylanitrile type (nitrile) (NBR-type) Yes 

Butyl (isobutylene-isoprene) type No 

Chlorinated rubber, natural and synthetic No 

ChlorosuHonated polyethylene (CSM) type No 

Ethylene-propylene (EP) type Yes 

Fluorelastomers (CFM, FKM, FFKM) type No 

Polyacrylic (ACM) type elastomers No 

Polybutadiene acrylic acid acrylonitrile terpolymer 

(PBAN) No 

Polybutadiene (br) type: Yes 

Polybutadiene, emulsion-polymerized No 

Polybutadiene, solution-polymerized No 

Polychloroprene (Neoprene) (CR) type No 

Polyisoprene (IR) type No 

Polysulfide (T) type elastomers No 

Silicone (Q) type elastomers Yes 

All other acyclic elastomers No 



BFG, CPY FRS, GYR, SPO. 
BAS. BFG. GNT, GRD, GYR, MMM. 
FRS, GNT GYR. 
ASY. LC. 



BAS, BFG, DOW. ENJ. FRS, GEP, HCL. 
MON, SHC, TNA. 

BFG, CPY GYR. RCI. USR. 

ENJ. 

DOW. 

DUP. 

CPY DUP, ENJ, USR. 

DUP, MMM. 

ACY 

ASY 

GNT, GYR. RCI, SPO. 

ASY FRS, GYR, PLC. 

DUP LC. 

GYR. 

MRT 

DCC. DUP, MRT. SPD, SWS. 



' Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by yes.' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'no.' 

^ The manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



10-3 



Section 10 

Table 10-3 

Elastomers (synthetic rubber): Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1990 



Code 



Name ot company 



Ck)de Name of company 

HCL Hoechst Celanese Corp., Engineering 

Plastics Div. 

LC Lord Corp., Chemical Products Group 

MMM Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing 

Co. 

MON Monsanto Co. 

MRT Morton International, Inc., Morton 

Chemical Div. 

PLC Phillips 66 Co. 

RCI Reichold Chemicals, Inc. 

SHC Shell Chemical Co. 

SPD General Electric Co., Silicone Products 

Dept. 
SPO Ameripol Synpol Co., Div. of Uniroyal 

Goodrich Tire Co. 

SWS Wacker Silicones Corp. 

TNA Ethyl Corp 

USR Uniroyal Chemical Co., Inc. 



ACY American Cyanamid Co. 

ASY American Synthetic Rubber Corp. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BFG B. F Goodrich Co. 

CPY Copolymer Rubber & Chemical Corp. 

DCC Dow Corning Corp. 

DOW Dow Chemical Co. 

DUP E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc., 

Polymer Products Dept. 

ENJ Exxon Chemical Americas 

FRS Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., Firestone 

Synthetic Rubber & Latex Co. Div 

GEP General Electric Co., Plastic Div. 

GNT Gencorp Polymers Products 

GRD W. R. Grace & Co., Organic Chemicals 

Div 

Polymers & Chemical Div. 
GYR Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 



Note. — Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app A. 
Source: Compiled from data recieved in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



10-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



Section 11 
Plasticizers 

Plaslicizers are organic chemicals that are added to 
syniheiic plastics and resin materials to (1) improve 
workability during fabrication, (2) extend or modify 
the natural properties of these materials, or (3) develop 
new improved properties not present in the original 
material. Table 11-1 presents statistics on U.S. 
production and sales of plaslicizers in as great detail as 
is possible without revealing the operations of 
individual producers. 

U.S. production of plasticizers totaled 891 million 
kilograms in 1990, a decrease of 8.7 percent from the 
976 million kilograms reported for 1989. The trend of 
production of these products is shown in the graph in 
Tigure 11-1. Sales of plasticizers totaled 827 million 
kilograms, valued at S967 million, in 1990 compared 
with 837 million kilograms, valued at $1,046 million, 
in 1989. 

Production of cyclic plaslicizers in 1990, which 
consisted chiefly of the esters of phthalic anhydride, 
phosphoric acid, and trimellitic acid, amounted to 640 



miUion kilograms, an decrease of 12.9 percent from 
the 735 million kilograms reported for 1989. Sales of 
cychc plasticizers in 1990 totaled 644 million 
kilograms, valued at S665 million, compared with 634 
million kilograms, valued at S704 million, in 1989. 
The most important cyclic plaslicizers were the dioctyl 
phthalates, with production of 141 million pounds, in 
1990. 

Production of acyclic plasticizers in 1990 totaled 
251 million kilograms, an increase of 3.7 percent from 
the 242 million kilograms reported for 1989. Sales of 
acyclic plasticizers totaled 182 million kilograms, 
valued at S301 million, in 1990, compared with 202 
million kilograms, valued at S342 million, in 1989. 
Adipic acid esters were the most important acyclic 
plasticizers in 1990 with production of 87 million 
kilograms. 

Table 11-2 lists the products reported in this section 
and indicates the manufacturer(s) of each by code. 
These codes are identified by company name in table 
11-3. 

Jesse Lawrence Johnson 
202-205-3351 



Figure 11-1 

Plasticizers: U.S. production, 1986-90 



Millions 
of kilograms 



1200 



1000 



800 



600 



400 



200 




1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



ll-I 



Section U 

Table 11-1 

Plasticlzers: U.S. production and sales, 1990 



Plastidzers 





Sales 




Average 

Unit 

value' 


Production ' 


Quantity 


Value 


1.000 
kilograms 


1.000 
kilograms 


1.000 
dollars 


Per 
kitogram 


890.718 


826.527 


966.517 


$1.17 


754,231 
136,487 


716.678 
109.849 


795,127 
171,390 


1.11 
1.56 


640,099 


644.104 


665,385 


1.03 


573.892 


572.137 


544.485 


.95 


7,917 
93,575 


7.714 
93.911 


7,936 
78,011 


1.03 
.83 


5.679 
140.649 
326.072 


5.194 
149.805 
315.513 


5,830 
119.159 
333.549 


1.12 

.80 

1.06 


22.942 
43.265 


28,631 
43,336 


44,524 
76,376 


1.56 
1.76 


250.619 


182,423 


301,132 


1.65 


87.020 


46,683 


79,371 


1.70 


24.228 

1.494 

61.298 


24,587 

732 

21,364 


30,498 

1.211 

47.662 


1.24 
1.65 
2.23 


52.904 


28,820 


59,484 


2.06 


47.456 


46.518 


54.132 


1.16 


805 


775 


1,149 


1.48 


3.139 


2.902 


14,995 


5.17 


259 
2.880 


268 
2.634 


1.008 
13.987 


3.76 
5.31 


5.093 


4.850 


8.632 


1.78 


3.444 
1.649 


3,406 
1,444 


4,338 
4,294 


1.27 
2.97 



Grand total 

Benzenoid' 

Nonbenzenoid 

Cyclic 

Total 

Phthalic anhydride esters, total 

Dibutyl phthalates (including 

diisobutyl phthalates) 

Diisononyl phthalate 

Dimethyl phthalate (including 

dimethyl isophthalate) 

Dioctyl phthalates* 

All other phthalic anhydride esters 

Trimellitic acid esters 

All other cyclic plasticizers* 

Acyclic 

Total 

Adipic acid esters, total 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate 

Diisodecyl adipate 

All other adipic acid esters 

Complex linear polyesters and 

polymeric plasticizers 

Epoxidized esters 

Butyl oleate 

Sebacic acid esters, total 

Dibutyl sebacate 

Sebacic acid esters, all other 

Stearic acid esters, total 

Isobutyl stearate 

All other stearic acid esters 

All other acyclic plasticizers* 54.202 

See footnotes at end of table. 



51,875 



83,369 



1.61 



11-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



Table 11-1 — Continued 

Plasticlzers: U.S. production and sales, 1990 



' Includes data tor compounds used principally (but not exclusively) as primary plasticizers. Does not include 
clearly defined extenders or secondary plasticizers. 

^ Calculated from unrounded figures. 

^ Includes benzenoid products as defined in part 1 , schedule 4, of the Tariff Schedules of the United States 
Annotated. 

* The difference between the production reported here and that shown on the Proliminary Report on U.S. 
Production of Selected Organic Chemicals (including Synthetic Plastics and Resin Materials), 1989, results from a 
combination of incorrect reporting by some companies, end-of-year inventory adjustments, and rounding. 

* Includes data for cresyl diphenyi phosphate, dibutyl phenyl phosphate, diphenyl octyl phosphate, tricresyl 
phosphate, triphenyl phosphate, and other cyclic phosphoric acid esters, glycol dibenzoates, toluenesulfonamides, 
tetrahydrofurfuryl oleate, and other cyclic plasticizers. 

^ Includes data for azelaic acid esters, citric and acetylcitric acid esters, myristic acid esters, pelargonic acid 
esters, ricinoleic and acetylricinoleic acid esters, glyceryl and glycol esters, and other acyclic plasticizers. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



11-3 



Section 11 

Table 11-2 

Plastlcizers for which U.S. production and/or sales werereported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 



Plasticizers 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 11-3) 



Cyclic plastlcizers: 

N-n-butyl benzenesutfonamide No 

Diethylene glycol dibenzoate No 

Dipropanediol dibenzoate (Dipropylene glycol 

dibenzoate) No 

N-Ethyl-p-toluenesutfonamide No 

Phosphoric acid esters: 

Isodecyl diphenyl phosphate No 

Tricresyl phosphate No 

Triphenyl phosphate No 

All other phosphoric acid esters No 

Phthalic anhydride esters: Yes 

Bis(2-ethylhexyl)terephthlate No 

Butyl benzyl phthalate No 

Butyl octyl phthalates No 

Di(2-butoxyethyl) phthalate No 

Dibutyl phthalate (including diisobutyl phthalate) .... Yes 

Dicyclohexyl phthalate No 

Diethyl isophthalate No 

Diethyl phthalate No 

Di-(n-heptyl-n-nonyl) phthalate No 

Di-(n-heptyl-n-nonyl) undecyl phthalate No 

Diisodecyl phthalate No 

Diisononyl phthalate Yes 

Dimethyl isophthalate No 

Dimethyl phthalate No 

Dinonyl phthalate No 

Dinonyl undecyl phthalate No 

Di-tridecyl phthalate No 

Diundecyl phthalate No 

Hexyl n-decyl phthalate No 

n-Octyl n-decyl phthalate No 

Dioctyl phthalates: Yes 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate No 

Diiso-octyl phthalate No 

Di-n-octyl phthalate No 

All other dioctyl phthalates No 

Glycol phthalate esters: 

Butyl phthalyl butyl glycolate No 

All other glycol phthalate esters No 

All other phthalic anhydride esters Yes 

Polyethylene glycol dibenzoate No 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl oleate No 

Toluenesulfonamide o-, p-mixtures No 

Trimellitic acid esters: Yes 

Tri(2-ethylhexyl) trimellitate No 

Tri-n-hexyltrimellitate No 

Triisodecyl trimellitate No 

Triisononyl trimellitate No 

Triiso-octyl trimellitate No 

Trimethyl trimellitate No 

Tri-n-octyl n-decyl trimellitate No 

Trioctyl trimellitate No 

All other trimellitic acid esters No 

Cyclic plasticizers, all other Yes 



UTC. 
KLM, VEL 

KLM. VEL. 
UTC. 

MON. 

FMC. 

FMC, MON. 

FMC. MON, SCP, SM. 

EKT. 

DKA, MON. 

ART 

HAL. 

ART BAS, EKT. NOD. UTC, WTH. 

UTC. (2). 

(^. 

CMB. EKT, MRF 

BAS. SC. 

BAS. ENJ. SC. 

ART BAS. ENJ. HCC, MON, NOD, TEK. 

ART BAS, ENJ, TEK. 

UTC. ('). 

EKT, MRR UTC. 

ENJ. MRF, SC. TEK. 

TEK. 

ART. ENJ. HCC. NOD. SM. TEK. 

ART BAS. SC. TEK. 

VST 

ART VST 

ART BAS. EKT. ENJ. TEK. 

ENJ, HAL, HCC, NOD, TEK. 

EK. 

BAS. HCC. WTH. 

(^. 

HAL. 

BAS. MON. NOD, SC. TEK. TNA. WTC. 

VEL. 

WTC. 

UTC. 

BAS. ENJ. TEK. 

ENJ. WM. 

ART TEK. 

ENJ, HAL, NOD, TEK. 

FER. 

HAL. 

ART EKT, HAL. 

AQU, ART BAS. TEK, {'), (*). 

BOE, NEV NOD, TNA, UTC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



IM 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 11-2— Continued 

Plasticizers for which U.S. production and/or sales werareported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 



Plasticizers 



Separata 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identHication codes 
(accordir)g to list in table 1 1-3) 



Acyclic plasticizers: 

Adipic acid esters: Yes 

Butylene glycol adipate No 

Di(2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethyl) adipate No 

Dibutoxyethyl adipate No 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate Yes 

Di-n-hexyl adipate No 

Diisobutyl adipate No 

Diisodecyl adipate Yes 

Diisononyl adipate No 

Diiso-octyl adipate No 

Diisopropyl adipate No 

Dimethyl adipate No 

Di-n-octyl adipate No 

Di-tridecyl adipate No 

Ethylene glycol adipate No 

Neopentyl glycol adipate No 

All others adipic acid esters Yes 

Azelaic acid esters: 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) azelate No 

All other azelaic acid esters No 

Citric and acetylcitric acid esters: 

Tributyl acetylcitrate No 

Tributyl citrate No 

Triethyl acetylcitrate No 

Triethyl citrate No 

All other citric and acetylcitric acid esters No 

Complex linear polyesters and polymeric plasticizers: . . Yes 
Adipic acid type complex linear polyesters and 

polymeric plasticizers No 

All other complex linear polyesters and polymeric 

plasticizers No 

Epoxidized esters: Yes 

Epoxidized linseed oils No 

Epoxidized pentaerythritol tetraphthalate No 

Epoxidized soya oils No 

2-Ethylhexyl epoxytallates No 

All other epoxidized esters No 

Glyceryl tripropionate No 

Glutaric acid esters: 

Neopentyl glycol glutarate No 

All other glutaric acid esters No 

Laurie acid esters: 

All other lauric acid esters No 

Myristic acid esters: 

Isopropyl myristate No 

All other myristic acid esters No 

Octandic aciud esters: 

2-Butoxyethyl oleate No 

Oleic acid esters: 

Butyl oleate Yes 

Decyl oleate No 

2-Ethylhexyl oleate No 

Glyceryl trioleate (Triolein) No 

Isobutyl oleate No 



HAL. 

HAL, MON. 

EKT. HAL. 

ART. BAS, CAS. EKT, ENJ. HAL. MON. 

NOD, TEK. WTH. 

EKT. H^N. 

HAL. WM. WTC. (2). 

HAL, HCC, NOD, QCP. 

ART, TEK. 

HAL. HCC. SM. 

VND. WTH. 

MRF. C). 

WTH. 

NOD. WM. 

HAL. 

HAL. 

CMB, HAL. PCI. SCP, SM. WTC. 

HAL. SCP. TEK. 
SCP 

UTC. 

MRF. 

0. 

0- 

CCL. MRF, (*). (*). 



CMB. HAL. SCP TEK. WTC. WTH. 

EKX. HPC. SBC. SCP, SM. TEK, VND, 
WTC. 

UCC. WTC. 

UCC. 

FER. FMB. TEK. UCC. WTC. 

UCC. WTC. 

UCC. 

EKT. 

HAL. 
HAL. 

HAL. 

WM.WTH. 
WTH. 

HAL. 

CHL. HAL. SCP WTC. WTH. 

SBC. VND. 

HAL. 

SCP WTC. 

SBC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



11-5 



Section 11 

Table 11-2 — Continued 

Plasticizers for which U.S. production and/or sales worereportad, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 

Plasticizers Separate Manufacturers' identification codas 

statistics ' (according to list in table 1 1 -3) 

Acyclic plasticizers: 
Oleic acid esters: 

Iso-oclyl oleate No HAL. 

Methyl oleate No SCP. WTC. 

Oleyl oleate No CAS. SBC. 

Propyl oleates: 

n-Propyl oleate No SCP. 

All other oleic acid esters No HAL. SCP. 

Palmitic acid esters: 

n-Butyl palmitate No EKT. 

2-Ethylhexyl palmitate No VND. WM. WTH. 

Isobutyl palmitate No WTH. 

Isopropyl palmitate No CAS. WM. WTH. 

Pelargonic acid esters: 

Glycol pelargonate No SCP. 

Isodecyl pelargonate No SCP. 

All other pelargonic acid esters No CAS. SBC. SM. WM. 

Phosphoric acid esters: 

Tri(2-butoxyethyl) phosphate No FMC. MON. RDA. 

Triethyl phosphate No EKT. 

Trioctyl phosphate No FMC. RDA. 

All other phosphoric acid esters No FMC. 

Ricinoleic and acetylricinoleic acid esters: 

n-Butyl acetylricinoleate No CAS. 

Butyl ricinoleate No CAS. 

Glyceryl monoricinoleate No CAS. SM. 

Glyceryl tri(acetylricinoleate) No CAS. 

Methyl ricinoleate No CAS, SCP. 

Propylene glycol monoricinoleate No CAS. 

All other ricinoleic and acetylricinoleic acid esters ... No CAS. 

Sebacic acid esters: Yes 

Dibutyl sebacate Yes HAL. WM. (*). (^). 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) sebacate No HAL. TEK. {^). 

Diisopropyl sebacate No SBC, (^. 

Dimethyl sebacate No (^. (^• 

Propylene glycol sebacate No HAL. 

All other sebacic acid esters Yes 

Stearic acid esters: Yes 

n-Butyl stearate No CHL. SCP. WM. WTC. WTH. 

Diethylene glycol succinate No CMB. 

2-Ethylhexyl stearate No CAS. HCL. WM. 

Glyceryl triacetyl stearate No CAS. 

Isobutyl stearate Yes SCP. WM. WTC. WTH. 

Isopropyl stearate No CAS. 

Myristyl stearate No VND. 

Tridecyl stearate No WM. 

All other stearic acid esters Yes SBC. VND. WM. WTC. 

Sucrose acetate isobutyrate No EKT. 

Tetraethylene glycol di(2-ethylhexanoate) No HAL. UCC. WM. 

Triethylene glycol di(caprylate-caprate) No HAL. WM. 

Triethylene glycol di{2-ethylbutyrate) No HAL. 

Triethylene glycol di(2-ethylhexanoate) No EKT, HAL. 

2,2,4-Trimethyl-1,3-pentanedioldiisobutyrate No EKX. 

All other acyclic plasticizers No AR2. HCL. VND. WM. 

' Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'y*s.' Chemicals for which 

data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'no.' 

^ The manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated products. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 

11-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



TabI* 11-3 

Plasticizcrs: DIrsctory of manufacturers, alphatMtlcal by coda, 1990 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name ot company 



AQU Aqualon Co. 

ART Aristech Chemical Corp., Chemical Div. 

ARZ Arizona Chemical Co. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BOE Boehme Filatex. Inc. 

CAS CasChem. Inc. 

CCL Catawba-Charlab. Inc. 

CHL Chemol Co. 

CMB Cambridge Industries Co. 

DKA Mobay Synthetics Corporation 

EK Eastman Kodak Co.: 

EKT Tennessee Eastman Co. Oiv. 

EKX Texas Eastman Co. Div. 

ENJ Exxon Chemical Americas 

PER Ferro Corp.: 

Bedford Chemical Div. 

Grant Chemical Div. 

FMB FMC Corp.. Chemical Products Group 

FMC FMC Corp.. Nitro Div. 

HAL C. P. Hall Co. 

HCC Hatco Chemical Corp. 

HCL Hoechst Celanese Corp., Sou-Tex 

Works 



HPC Hercules. Inc. 

KLM Kalama Chemcal, Inc. 

MON Monsanto Co. 

MRF Mortlex Chemical Co.. Inc. 

NEV Neville Chemcal Co. 

NOD Huls America. Inc. 

PCI Piedmont Chemcal Industries. Inc. 

RDA Rhone-Poulenc. Inc 

SBC Scher Chemicals. Inc. 

SC Sterling Chemical, Inc. 

SCP Henkel Corp. 

SM Mobil Oil Corp. Chemcal Products Div. 

TEK Teknor Apex Co. 

TNA Ethyl Corp. 

UCC Union Caibide Corp., Industrial 

Chemcals Div. 

UTC Unitex Chemical Corp. 

VEL Velsiool Chemical Corp. 

VND Van Dyk, Div. of Mallinckrodt, Inc. 

VST Vista Chemical Co. 

WM Inolex Chemcal Co. 

WTC Witco Chemical Corp. 

WTH Union Camp Corp., Chemcal Division 



Note.— Complete names, telephone number, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



11-7 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



Section 12 
Surface-Active Agents 

The surface-active agents included in this report 
are organic chemicals that reduce the surface tension of 
water or other solvents and are used chiefly as 
detergents, dispersing agents, emulsifiers, foaming 
agents, or wetting agents in either aqueous or 
nonaqueous systems. Waxes and products used chiefly 
as plasticizers are excluded. Surface-active agents are 
produced from natural fats and oils, from 
silvichemicals such as lignin, rosin, and tall oil, and 
from chemical intermediates derived from coal tar and 
petroleum. A major part of the output of the bulk 
chemicals shown in this report is consumed in the form 
of packaged soaps and detergents for household and 
industrial use. The remainder is used in the processing 
of textiles and leather, in ore flotation and oil-drilling 
operations, and in die manufacture of agricultural 
sprays, cosmetics, elastomers, foods, lubricants, paint, 
pharmaceuticals, and many other products. 

The statistics for production and sales of 
surface-active agents (table 12-1) are grouped by ionic 
class and by chemical class and subclass. All 
quantities are reported in terms of 100-percent organic 
surface-active ingredients and thus exclude all 
inorganic salts, water, and other diluents. Sales 
statistics reflect sales of bulk surface-active agents 
only: sales of fomulated products are excluded. Data 
for the production of surface-active agents during 
1986-90 are shown in figure 12-1. 

Total U.S. production of surface-active agents in 
1990 amounted to 3,795 milUon kilograms, or 23 
percent more than the 3,085 million kilograms reponed 
for 1989. Sales of bulk surface-active agents in 1990 
amounted to 1.930 million kilograms, valued at $2,193 
million, compared with sales in 1989 of 1,724 million 
kilograms, valued at $2,086 million. In terms of 



quantity, sales in 1990 were 12 percent more than in 
1989. 

Production of anionic surface-active agents in 1990 
amounted to 2,586 million kilograms, or 68 percent of 
the total surfactant output reponed for 1990. Sales of 
anionics in 1990 amounted to 982 million kilograms, 
valued at S704 million. 

Production of cationic surface-active agents in 
1990 amounted to 343 million kilograms, 17 percent 
more than the 293 million kilograms reported in 1989. 
Production of nonionic surface-active agents amounted 
to 845 million kilograms in 1990, 14 percent more than 
the 743 million kilograms reported in 1989. Sales of 
cationic surface-active agents in 1990 increased by 13 
percent in terms of quantity, and by 6 percent in terms 
of value when compared with sales as reported in 1989. 
Sales of nonionics in 1990 increased by 12 percent in 
terms of quantity, but decreased by less than 1 percent 
in terms of value when compared with sales as reported 
in 1989. 

The difference between production and sales 
reflects inventory changes and captive consumption of 
surface-active agents by synthetic rubber producers, 
and by manufacturers of cosmetics, packaged 
detergents, bar soaps, and other formulated consumer 
products. In some instances the difference may also 
reflect quantities of surface-active agents used as 
chemical intermediates, e.g., nonionic alcohol and 
alkylphenol ethoxylates. which may be converted to 
anionic surface-active agents by phosphation or 
sulfation. 

Table 12-2 lists the products reported in this section 
and indicates the manufacturer(s) of each by code. 
These codes are identified by company name in table 
12-3. 

Eric Land 
202-205-3349 



12-1 



Section 12 

Figure 12-1 

Surface-active agents: U.S. production, 1986-90 

Billions 

of kilograms 




1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



12-2 



Table 12-1 

Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1990 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



Surface-active agents 



Production' 



Sales' 



Quantity 



Value 



Average 

Unit 

value^ 



481,169 
1 .449.091 



12,262 



1,885 
10.377 



982.220 



Per 
kilogram 

2.192,848 $1.14 



1.000 
dollars 



586,917 1.22 
1,605,931 1.11 



30,104 



5.053 
25,051 



703.913 



2.46 



2.68 

{*) 
2.41 



.72 
1.02 

1.13 



1.000 1.000 

kilograms kitograms 

Grand total 3,794,654 1,930,260 

Benzenoid* 710,700 

Nonbenzenoid 3,083,954 

Amphoteric 

Total 20.621 

(Carboxymethyl)[3-(coconut oil 

amido)propyl] dimethylammonium 

hydroxide, inner salt 1.981 

(Mixed alky!) sulfobetaine 249 

All other amphoteric surface active agents 18,391 

Anionic 

Total 2.585.985 

Carboxylic acids (and salts thereof), total 1 .143,058 103.730 105.495 

Amine salts of fatty, rosin, and tall oil adds 5.737 4.887 5,544 

Cartwxylic acids having amide, ester, or 

ether linltages 6,513 

Coconut oil acids, potassium salt 

Coconut oil acids, sodium salt 274,773 

Oleic acid, sodium salt 46 

Rosin acids, potassium salt 36,568 

Stearic add. sodium salt 

Tall oil acids, potassium salt 6,101 

Tallow acids, sodium salt 459,827 

All other carboxylic acids (and salts thereof) 353,493 

Phosphoric and polyphosphoric add esters 

(and salts thereof), total 32.688 27.325 50.106 1 .83 

Alcohols and phenols, alkoxylated and 

phosphated, total 25.644 

Decyl akx}hol, ethoxylated and phosphated 134 

Dinonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 630 

2-Ethylhexanol, ethoxylated and phosphated 928 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and 

phosphated 1 ,372 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 3,968 

9-Octadecenyl alcohaol, ethoxylated and 

phosphated 1,323 

Phenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 1,312 

All other alcohols and phenols, alkoxylated and 

phosphated 15,957 14,255 17,594 1.23 



6,247 


14.375 


2.30 


225 


3.637 


16.13 


4,475 


4,552 


1.02 


45 


81 


1.82 


38,172 


19.450 


.51 


25 


46 


1.84 


885 


1065 


1.20 


13,033 


7.560 


.58 


35,736 


49.185 


1.38 



22.493 
236 
417 
7S7 


36.635 
595 
839 
795 


1.63 
2.52 

2.01 
1.01 


1,711 
3.300 


4.128 
7,667 


2.41 
2.32 


617 
1.170 


2,238 
2,779 


3.62 
2.38 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-3 



Section 12 

Table 12-1 — Continued 

Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1990 



Surface-active agents 



Production' 



Sales^ 



Quantity 



Value 



Average 

Unit 

value^ 



1.000 
kilograms 
Anionic — Continued 

Phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esters 
(and salts thereof) — Continued 

Decyl and octyl phosphate 754 

2-Ethylhexyl phosphate 386 

Mixed alky! phosphate 1 ,181 

All other phosphoric and polyphosphoric 

acid esters (and salts thereof) 4.723 

Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof), total 931 .522 

Alkylbenzenesulfonates. total 300.161 

Dodecylbenzenesutfonicacid 150.901 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt 67 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, calcium salt 3.202 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, isopropylamine 

salt 2.230 

Dodecyltienzenesulfonic acid, potassium salt 21 

Docecyibenzenesuitonic acid, sodium salt 101 ,881 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, triethanolamine 

salt 3,721 

All other alkylbenzenesulfonates 38,138 

Benzene-, cumene-, toluene-, and 

xylenesutfonates. total 71.634 

Xylenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 33.406 

All other benzene-, cumene-. toluene-, and 

xylenes sulfonates 38,228 

Ligninsulfonates and naphthalenesulfonates, 

total 468,425 

Ligninsulfonic acid, ammonium salt 2.276 

Ligninsulfonic acid, calcium salt 255.694 

Ligninsulfonic acid, sodium salt 125,153 

Diisopropylnaphthalenesulfonic, sodium salt 1,119 

All other ligninsulfonates and naphthalene- 
sulfonates 84.183 

Mixed linear olefin sulfonate 13.855 

Sulfosuccinamic acid derivatives 1 .579 

Sulfonic acids having ester or ether linkages. 

total ' 69,489 

Sulfosuccinic acid esters, total 11,566 

Sulfosucpinic acid. bis(2-ethylhexyl)ester, 

sodium salt 7.720 

All other sulfosuccinic acid esters 3.846 

All other sulfonic acids having ester or ether 

linkages 57.923 

All other sulfonic acids (and salts thereof) 6,379 



1.000 
kilograms 



1.000 
dollars 



Per 
kikygram 



754 
298 
929 


1,378 

564 

3.163 


$1.83 
1.89 
3.40 


2.851 


8,366 


2.93 


696.400 


348.810 


.50 


141.335 
102.305 


143.345 
80,284 


1.01 
.78 


1.837 


4.485 


2.44 


1.733 


3.802 


2.19 


28,769 


44.118 


1.53 


2,721 
3,970 


4.890 
5,766 


1.80 
1.45 


58.809 
29.203 


44,014 
21.834 


.75 
.75 


29,606 


22.180 


.75 


465,728 

2,257 

255,871 

122.668 

1,479 


93.393 

599 

28.319 

16.100 

2.835 


.20 
.27 
.11 
.13 
1.92 


83.453 

13.494 

2.112 


45.540 

22.025 

2.626 


.55 
1.63 
1.24 


10.953 
8,583 


33,900 
23,962 


3.09 
2.79 


5,839 

2,744 


17.514 
6,448 


3.00 
2.35 


2,370 
3.969 


9,938 
9,507 


4.19 
2.40 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-4 



Table 12-1 — Continued 

Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1990 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



Surface-active agents 



Production ' 



Sales^ 



Quantity 



Value 



Average 

Unit 

value^ 



1.000 
kilograms 
Anionic — Continued 

SuKuric acid esters (and salts thereof), total* 478,717 

Adds, amides, and esters, sulfated, total 4,609 

Butyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt 344 

All other acids, amides, and esters, sulfated 4,265 

Alcohols, sulfated, total 169,166 

Dodecyl sulfate, ammonium salt 17,132 

Dodecyl sulfate, sodium salt 13,665 

Dodecyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 4,081 

2-Ethylhexyl sulfate sodium salt 812 

All other alcohols, sulfated 133,476 

Ethers, sulfated, (included all other anionic 

surface-active agents) 291,736 

Natural fats and oils, sulfated, total 13,206 

Castor oil, sulfated, sodium salt 2,429 

Tall oil, sulfated, sodium salt 465 

Tallow, sulfated, sodium salt 299 

All other natural fats and oils, sulfated 10.013 

Cation Ic 

Total 343,469 

Amine oxides and oxygen-containing amines (except 

those having amide linkages), total 85,723 

Acyclic, total 80.405 

N.N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)octadecylamine. 

ethoxylated 683 

N.N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)(tallow alkyl)amine, 

ethoxylated 

(Coconut oil alkyl)amine, ethoxylated 1 .595 

(l-lydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine, ethoxylated .... 546 

(Mxed alkyl)amine. ethoxylated 687 

(9-Octadecenyl)amine, ethoxylated • 1,364 

Octadecylamine, ethoxylated 707 

(Soybean oil alkyl)amine, ethoxylated 501 

(Tallow alkyljamine, ethoxylated 3,784 

N-(Tallow alkyl) trimethylene diamine, 

ethoxylated 1 .274 

All other acyclic amine oxides and oxygen 

containing amines (except those having 

amide linkages) 69,264 

Cyclic (including imidazoline and oxazoline 

derivatives), total 5,318 

1-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nonyl-2-imida20line 479 

1 -(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(tall oil alkyl)-2- 

imidazoline 728 

All other cyclic amine oxkJes and oxygen 

containing amines (except those having 

amide linkages) 4,111 



1.000 
l<ilograms 

154.765 



1.000 
dollars 



Per 
kilogram 



4.039 

343 

3.696 

44.653 

7.506 

12,432 

2,104 

815 

21,796 

94,575 

11,498 

2,095 

425 

210 

8,768 



191,503 



772 



13,899 



2,849 
471 



303 



2,075 



199,502 $1.29 



7,388 
483 

6,905 
75,873 
15,969 
33.977 

5.334 

2.331 
18.262 

104.503 

11.738 

3,546 

501 

191 

7,500 



8,312 
1,529 



1,555 



1.83 
1.41 
1.87 
1.70 
2.13 
2.73 
2.54 
2.84 
.84 

1.10 
1.02 
1.69 
1.18 
.91 
.86 



396,663 2.07 



>7,214 


57.365 


2.11 


>4,365 


49.053 


2.01 


1,546 


3.016 


1.95 


1,329 


2,033 


1.53 


511 


615 


1.20 


480 


1,672 


3.48 


1,541 


2,440 


1.58 


558 


1,509 


2.70 


237 


554 


2.33 


3.492 


4,643 


1.33 



1,054 1.37 



31.517 2.27 



2.92 
3.25 



5.13 



5.228 2.52 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-5 



Section 12 

Table 12-1— Continued 

Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1990 



Surface-active agents 



Production ' 



Sales' 



Quantity 



Value 



Average 

Unit 

value' 



1,000 
kilograms 
Cationic — Continued 

Amines and amine oxides having amide linkages 24,914 

Amines, not containing oxygen (and salts 

thereof), total 112.672 

Amines salts 4,471 

Amine salts, diamines and polyamines 13,954 

Monoamines, total 94,247 

(Coconut oil alkyl)amine (*) 

N.N-Dimethylhexadecylamine 2.792 

N.N-Dimethyloctadecylamine 3.245 

(Hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine 3,907 

9-Octadecenylamine 3.288 

Octadecylamine 1 ,256 

(Tallow alkyl)amine (') 

All other monoamines 79,759 

Quaternary ammonium salts, containing 

oxygen, total 24,999 

Quaternary ammonium salts, not containing 

oxygen, total 88,658 

Acyclk:. total 67.161 

Bis(coconut oil alkyt)dimethylammoniuffl chloride 1,541 
Bis(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)dimethylaminonium 

chksride 38.317 

N-(coconut oil alkyl) aminobutyric acid, sodium salt 294 

Hexadecyltrimethylammonium chtoride 638 

Trimethyl(tallow alkyl)ammonium chloride 1 .368 

All other acyclic quaternary ammonium salts, not 

containing oxygen 25.003 

Benzenoid, total* 21 ,497 

Benzyl(coconut oil alkyl)dimethylammonium 

chloride 838 

Benzyldimethyl(mixed alkyl)ammonium chloride 9.033 

Benzyldimethyl octadecyl ammonium chloride . 566 
Benzyl(hydrogenated talksw alkyl) 

dimethylammonium chloride 1.665 

Benzyltrimethyl ammonium chlorida 1,553 

All other benzenoid quaternary ammonium 

salts, not containing oxygen 7.842 

All other cationic surface-active agents 6,503 



1.000 
kilograms 

19.346 
51.837 



1.000 
dollars 



Per 
kilogram 



16.905 



74.166 



29.832 $1.54 



82.353 1.59 



4.299 


4.548 


1.06 


10.000 


16.331 


1.63 


37.538 


61,474 


1.64 


497 


1,306 


2.63 


935 


1,655 


1.77 


2.382 


6,390 


2.68 


1.599 


2,287 


1.43 


2.093 


4,030 


1.93 


733 


1,846 


2.52 


5,809 


8,735 


1.50 


23,490 


35,225 


1.50 



39,662 2.35 



165,791 2.24 



61,782 
1,487 


129,803 
3,798 


2.10 
2.55 


35.552 

265 

593 

1.308 


64,580 
1.024 
2.820 
3.757 


1.82 
3.86 
4.76 
2.87 


22.577 
12.384 


53,824 
35,988 


2.38 
2.91 


812 

4.489 

398 


1,753 

15.083 

1.508 


2.16 
3.36 
3.79 


879 
1.250 


1.898 
2.558 


2.16 
2.05 


4.556 
2,035 


13.188 
21,660 


2.89 
10.64 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-6 



Table 12-1— Continued 

Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1990 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



Surface-active agents 





Sales^ 




Average 
Unit 


Production ' 


Ouar)tity 


Value 


value^ 


1.000 


1,000 


1.000 


Per 


kilograms 


kilograms 


dollars 


kik>gram 


844.579 


744.275 


1.062,168 


$1.43 


42.304 


49,103 


78.495 


1.60 


7.729 


7.075 


13,735 


1.94 


1.304 


1.181 


2.080 


1.76 


14 


(*) 


(*) 


(*) 


103 


100 


427 


4.26 


497 


(*) 


(') 


(*) 


5.811 


5.794 


11.228 


1.94 


34.575 


42.028 


64.760 


1.54 


7.943 


6.700 


11.969 


1.79 


647 


630 


1.580 


2.51 


799 


792 


1,865 


2.36 


39 


43 


126 


2.91 


96 


85 


124 


1.45 



Nonlonic 

Total 

Cartxjxyiic acid amides, total 

Diethanoiamine condensates, amine/acid 

ratio - 2/1 , total 

Coconut oil acids 

Laurie and myristic acids 

Oleic acid 

Tall oil acids 

All other diethanoiamine condensates, amine/acid 

ratio - 2/1 

Diethanoiamine condensates (other amine/acid 
ratios), and other carboxylic acid amides, total . 
Coconut oil acids, amine/acid ratio • 1/1 ..... 

Laurie acid, amine/acid ratio « 1/1 

Laurie and myristic acids, amine/acid ratio ■ 1/1 

Oleic acid, amine/acid ratio « 1/1 

Stearic acid, amine/acid ratio - 1/1 

All other diethanoiamine condensates 
(other amine/acid ratios), and other 
cartxjxylic acid amides 25.051 

Cartxjxylic acid esters, total 166.424 

Anhydrosorbitol esters, total 18.986 

Anhydrosorbitol monolaurate 3.744 

Anhydrosorbitol mono-oleate 4.442 

Anhydrosorbitol monostearale 8,782 

All other anhydrosorbitol esters 2.018 

Diethylene glycol esters, total 2,857 

Diethylene glycol monolaurate 1 05 

All other diethylene glycol esters 2.752 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol esters, total 14,292 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monolaurate 3.315 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol mono-oleate 3.852 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monostearale 5.117 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol tristearate 273 

All other ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol esters 1 .735 

Ethylene glycol distearate 1 .483 

Ethylene glycol monostearate 2,021 

Glycerol esters, total 47,883 

Glycerol dilaurale 233 

Glycerol mono-oleate , 4.602 

Glycerol monostearate 3.828 

All other glycerol esters 39.020 

Natural fats and oils, ethoxylated. total 26.300 

Castor oil, ethoxylated 10,552 

Hydrogenated castor oil, ethoxylated 1 ,895 

Lanolin, ethoxylated 215 

All other natural (ats and oils, ethoxylated 13,638 



33.778 
129.375 



14.303 
2,399 
2.493 
7.919 
1.492 
1.653 
105 
1,548 

13,117 
2.991 
3,554 
4,772 
291 
1,509 
1.434 
1.907 

37,518 

176 

4,926 

3.869 

28.547 

18.239 

9,025 

1,671 

201 

7.342 



49,096 1.45 



238.044 



1.84 



24.106 


1.69 


4.594 


1.92 


4.676 


1.88 


12.170 


1.54 


2.666 


1.79 


3.701 


2.24 


172 


1.64 


3,529 


2.28 


29.875 


2.28 


7.332 


2.45 


7,486 


2.18 


10,803 


2.26 


659 


2.26 


3.595 


2.38 


2,475 


1.73 


3.554 


1.86 


71.108 


1.90 


489 


2.79 


8.466 


1.72 


7,252 


1.87 


54.901 


1.92 


28.530 


1.56 


12,366 


1.37 


2,233 


1.34 


529 


2.64 


13,402 


1.83 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-7 



Section 12 

Table 12-1— Continued 

Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1990 



Surface-active agents 



Production ' 



Sales^ 



Quantity 



Value 



Average 

Unit 

value^ 



1,000 
kilograms 
Nonlonlc — Continued 

Cartjoxyiic acid esters — Continued 

Poiyethyiene glycoi esters, totai 27,483 

Poiyethyiene giycoi diester of tall oii acids 3,003 

Polyethylene glycol dilaurate 724 

Polyethylene glycol dioleate 1 ,729 

Polyethylene glycol distearate 920 

Polyethylene glycol monolaurate 3.456 

Polyethylene glycol mono-oleate 1 ,865 

Polyethylene glycol monopalmitate 792 

Polyethylene glycol monostearate 3,158 

Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of tall oil acids .... 865 

All other polyethylene glycol esters 10,971 

Polyglycerol mono-oleate 315 

Polyglycerol monostearate 

1 ,2-Propanediol monostearate 775 

All other cart)oxylic acid esters 24,029 

Ethers, total 627,651 

Benzenoid ethers, total* 242,848 

Dinonylphenol, ethoxylated 2,104 

Dodecylphenol, ethoxylated 2,602 

Iso-octylphenol, ethoxylated 25,047 

(Mixed alkyl)phenol-formaldehyde, alkoxylated .... 8,562 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated 181,204 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and propoxylated 1,667 

Nonylphenol-formaldehyde, alkoxylated 3,561 

Phenol, ethoxylated 1 .494 

All other benzenoid ethers 16.607 

Nonbenzenoid ethers, total 339.396 

Chemk:aliy-defined linear alcohols, ethoxylated. 

total 12.462 

Decyl alcohol, ethoxylated 4.333 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 1 ,767 

Hexadecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 761 

9-Octadecenyl alcohol, ethoxylated 1.952 

Oleyl alcohol, ethoxylated 1.963 

All other chemically-defined linear alcohols, 

ethoxylated 1 .686 

Mixed linear alcohols, alkoxylated, total 326,934 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated 301,987 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and 

propoxylated 10,690 

All other mixed linear alcohols, alkoxylated 14,257 



1.000 
kilograms 



21.503 

832 

643 

610 

821 

3,504 

1,752 

(') 

2,928 

873 

9,540 

265 

26 

199 

19,211 

562.299 



203,483 

1,508 

2,307 

17,215 

7,706 

163,671 
1,142 

{') 

619 

9,315 

319,891 

10,196 

{') 

1.245 

715 

1.212 

1.905 

5.119 
309,695 
289,765 

10,570 
9.360 



1.000 
dollars 



34.975 

844 

946 

1.153 

2.726 

5.309 

2.312 

(') 

5,353 

1,652 

14,680 

829 

102 

812 

37,977 



288,389 

3,251 

4,664 

41,599 

13,455 

191.929 

2.906 

{') 

1.610 

28.975 

368.302 

24.242 

{') 
2,986 
1,945 
2,311 
5,308 

11,692 
344,060 
312,728 

17,329 
14,003 



Per 
kilogram 



$1.63 
1.01 
1.47 
1.89 
3.32 
1.51 
1.32 
(*) 
1.83 
1.89 
1.54 
3.12 
3.82 
4.09 
1.98 



733.542 1 .30 



1.42 
2.16 
2.02 
2.42 
1.75 
1.17 
2.54 

(') 
2.60 
3.11 
1.15 

2.38 

(') 
2.40 
2.72 
1.91 
2.74 

2.28 

1.11 
1.08 

1.64 
1.50 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-8 



Table 12-1 — Continued 

Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1990 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



Surface-active agents 



Sales' 



Average 



Production' 


Quantity 


Value 


value^ 


1.000 


1.000 


1.000 


Per 


kilograms 


kilograms 


dollars 


kitogram 


45.407 


38.925 


76.851 


1.97 


927 


(*) 


(*) 


(*) 


5.255 


(*) 


(') 


(') 


5.478 


3.364 


5.849 


1.74 


938 


938 


2.263 


2.41 


32.809 


34.623 


68.739 


1.99 



Nonionic — Continued 

Ethers — Continued 

Other ethers and thioethers. total 

Mixed alcohols, ethoxylated 

Poly(mixed ethylene, propylene) glycol 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 

Trimethylol propane, alkoxylated 

All other ether ethers and thioethers . . 

All other nonionic surlace-active agents . . . 



6,200 



3,498 



12,087 



3.46 



' All quantities are given In terms of 100 percent organic surface-active ingredient. 

^ Sales include products sold as bulk surface-active agents only. 

^ Calculated from unrounded figures. 

* The term "benzenoid" used in this report, describes any surface-active agent, except lignin derivatives, whose 
molecular structure includes 1 or more 6-membered cartx>cyclic or heterocylic rings with conjugated double bonds 
(e.g., the benzene ring or the pyridine ring). 

^ Reported data were accepted in confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 

^ Includes all other anionic surface-active agents. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



12-9 



Section 12 

Table 12-2 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Surface-active agents statistics ' (according to list in table 12-3) 

Amphoteric 

1 , 1 -Bis(carboxy methy l)-2-undecy l-2-innidazolinium 

hydroxide, disodium sail No PCI. 

Caprylamphopropionate No MOA. 

1 -Cart)oxyethyl-1 -(2-hydroxyGthyl)-2-heptyl-2- 

imidazolinlum hydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium 

salt No RDA. 

1 -Cartx)xy8thyl-1 -(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-nonyl-2- 

imidazolinium hydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium 

salt No RDA. 

N-[2-(Carboxymethylamino)ethyl)-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)- 

coconut oil amide, sodium salt No WM. 

Carboxymethyl-3-cocoamidopropyl dimethyl ammonium 

chloride, sodium salt No ENJ. 

(Cartx)xymethyl)[3-(coconut oil amido)propyl)- 

dimethylammonium hydroxide, inner salt No BRD, PPG. RDA. SBC, SCP. SHX. WTC, 

(Cartx>xymethyl)dodecyldimethylammonium hydroxide, 

inner salt No RDA. 

1-Caftx)xymethyl-2-heptadecyl-1-{2-hydroxyethyl)-2- 

imidazolinium hydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium 

salt No RDA. 

1 -Cart)oxymethyl-1 •(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-heptyl-2- 

Imidazoliniumhydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium 

salt No RDA. 

1 -Cartx>xymethyl-1 -{2-hydroxyethyl)-2-nony 1-2- 

imidazolinium hydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium 

salt No RDA. 

1-Cartx)xymGthyl-1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-undecyl-2- 

imideizolinium hydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium 

salt No RDA. 

1-Cart)oxymethyl-1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-undecyl-2- 

imidazoliniumhydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium 

salt No RDA. 

(I-Carboxytridecyl)trimethylammonium hydroxide, inner 

salt No SQA. 

Cocoamidoamphoglycinate No MOA. 

Cocoamidopropyl betaine No MOA. 

N-Cocoamido-propyl-N,N-dimethylamine oxide No MOA. 

3-^-(Cocoamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-2- 

nydroxypropane suflonate No RDA. 

3-Cocoamidopropyl-2-hydroxy-3-sulfopropyldimethyl 

ammonium hydroxide, inner salt No SHX. 

Cocoamphocarboxyglycinate No MOA. 

Cocoamphocarboxypropionate No MOA. 

Cocoamphopropionate No MOA. 

3-[(Coconut oil aikyl)amidoethylene-(2-hydroxyethyl)- 

amino]propionlc acid No RDA. 

N,N-di(hydroxyethyl)-n-cartx)xymethyl tallow ammonium 

quat,inner salt No SHX. 

N,N-Dihydroxyethyl tallow glycinate No MOA. 

N-Dodecyl-3-iminodipropionic acid No MOA. 

N-Dodecyl-3-iminodipropionic acid, disodium salt No MOA, RDA. SCP. 

N-Dodecyl-3-imino-dipropionic acid, monosodium salt . . No RDA. 

1 -Hydroxyethyl-1 -(2-hydroxy-3-sodiumsutfonatopropyl)- 

2-nor-coconut oil tatty acids-2-imida2olinium 

hydroxide No RDA. 

1 -Hydroxyethyl-1 -(2-hydroxy-3-sodiumsuHonatopropyl-2- 

oleyl-2-imlda2olinium hydroxide No RDA. 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-N-(2-stearamidoethyl)glycine, 

sodium salt No MOA. 

Isodecyloxypropyliminopropionic acid, monosodium salt . No ENJ. 

See footnotes at end ol table. 
12-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 12-2 — Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 



Surface-active agents 



Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 
statistics ' (according to list in table 12-3) 



Amphoteric — Continued 

Isonanylamidocaproic acid, triethanolamine salt No 

Laurylamidopropyl betaine No 

Laurylamphoglycinate No 

(Mixed alkyl)sunobetaine Yes 

Oleamidopropyl betaine No 

Oleic acid-ethylenediamine condensate, propoxylated 

and sulfated, sodium salt No 

Oleyl betaine No 

1 -(Sodium cartx)xyethyleno)-1 -(sodium 
cart)oxymethyleneoxyethylene)-2-nor-(tall oil fatty 

acids)-2-imida2olinium hydroxide No 

1-(Sodium cartxjxy methyl)- 1 -(sodium 
cart)Oxymethyleneoxyethylene)-2-nor-(coconutoil 

fatty acids)-2-imida20linium lauryl sulfate No 

N-(Tailow alkyl)-3-iminodipropionic acid, disodium 

salt No 

Tridecyloxypoly(ethyleneoxy)propionic acid, potassium 

salt No 

All other acyclic amphoteric surface-active agents No 

All other cyclic amphoteric surface-active agents No 

Anionic 
Carboxyllc acids (and salts thereof): 
Amine salts of fatty, rosin, and tall oil acids: 

Coconut oil acids, diethanolamine salt No 

Coconut oil acids, ethanolamine salt No 

Coconut oil acids, triethanolamine salt No 

Isostearic acid, mixed isopropanolamines salt No 

Isostearic acid, triethanolamine salt No 

Oleic acid, diethanolamine salt No 

Oleic acid, mixed isopropanolamine salt No 

Oleic acid, morpholine salt No 

Oleic acid, triethanolamine salt No 

Rosin acids, triethanolamine salt No 

Stearic acid, triethanolamine salt No 

Tall oil acids, diethanolamine salt (Condensate) .... No 

Tall oil acids, triethanolamine salt No 

(Tall oil.fatty adds), triethanolamine salt No 

Tallow acids, triethanolamine salt No 

All other amine salts of fatty, rosin, and 

tall oil acids No 

Carboxylic acids having amide, ester, or ether 
linkages: 

Butoxyethylene oxyacetic acid, sodium salt No 

5(or 6)-Cartx3xy-4-nexyl-2-cyck)hexene-1 -octanoic 

acid, reaction products with castor oil No 

N-(Coconut oil acyl)sarcosine. sodium salt No 

N.N-Dimethyl capramide No 

Dodecyk]xypoly(ethyleneoxy)acetic acid, sodium 

salt No 

N-Lauroylsarcosine, sodium salt No 

Maleic acid, monoalkyi ester No 

Mixed(secondary linear alcohol)polyethylene 

propionic acid, sodium salt No 

Naphthenic acid, ethoxylated No 

Nonylphenol poly(ethyleneoxy)acetic acid, sodium 

salt No 

Poly(oxy-1 ,2-ethanediyl), w-(2<artx>xyethoxy)-w- 
hydroxy-a, a'-(iminodi-2, 1-ethanediyl) bis-.N- 

tallow alkyl derivs., potassium salt No 

Poly(oxy-1 ,2 ethanediyl)acart)oxy-methyl, 
(O-(tri-decyk)xy), potassium salt No 



TNI. 

MOA. 

MOA. 

BRD. MOA, SBC, (^). 

PDA. 

MOA. 
PDA. 



PDA. 

PDA. 

MOA. PDA, SCP. 

MRV. 



BPD, CGY DUP. ENJ. MOA. PDA. S. SCP. 
BRD. SBC. UTC. 



PDA, SHX. 

SBR 

SCP. 

PCI. 
PDA. 
UTC. a 

CPC 

PCI. SBP. (*). 

PDA. 

PNX. 

WPG. 

CPC. ENJ. SBP. 



BRD, S, WVA. (*). 



PDA. 

ENJ, HMP. 
PEL. 

RDA. 
HMP, RDA. 

{')■ 

CHR 
BPI. 



PDA. 
PCI. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-11 



Section 12 

Table 12-2 — Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 12-3) 



Anionic -Continued 
Carboxylic adds (and salts thereof)-Continued 
Carboxyllc acids having amide, ester, or ether 
llnkages-Contlnuedf 

Tridecyloxypoly(ethyleneoxy)ac8ticacld, 

sodium salt No 

All other cartx3xylic acids with amide, ester or 

ether linkage No 

Potassium and sodium salts of fatty, rosin, and 

tall oil acids: 

Alkoxy triacryl titanate No 

5(or 6)cart)oxy-4-hexyl-2-cyclohexene-1 -octanoic 

acid, potassium/sodium salts No 

Castor oil acids, potassium salt No 

Castor oil acids, sodium salt No 

Coconut oil acids and oleic acid, potassium salt No 

Coconut oil acids, potassium salt Yes 

Coconut oil acids, sodium salt Yes 

Corn oil acids, potassium salt No 

Corn oil acids, sodium salt No 

Gluconic acid, potassium and sodium salts W/20% 

mix of sodium bisulfite-formaldehyde No 

Heptanoic acid, potassium salt No 

Isostearic acid, isoproxy titanium salt No 

Laurie acid, potassium salt No 

Mixed vegetable fatty acids, potassium salt No 

Mixed wool grease and tall oil fatty acids No 

Neoalkoxy, trineodecanoyi titanate No 

Neoalkoxy. trineodecanoyi zirconate No 

Oleic acid, ammonium salt No 

Oleic acid, potassium salt No 

Oleic acid, sodium salt Yes 

Olive oil acids, potassium salt No 

Palmitic and stearic acids, sodium salt No 

Palm kernel oil acids, potassium salt No 

Palm kernel oil acids, sodium salt No 

Palm oil acids, sodium salt No 

Rosin acids, potassium salt Yes 

Rosin acids, sodium salt No 

Soybean oil acids, potassium salt No 

Stearic acid, ammonium salt No 

Stearic acid, potassium salt No 

Stearic acid, sodium salt Yes 

Tall oil acids, potassium salt Yes 

Tall oil acids, sodium salt No 

Tallow acids, potassium salt No 

Tallow acids, sodium salt Yes 

All other potassium and sodium salts of fatty. 

rosin and tall oil acids No 

Other cartjoxylic acids: 

All other carboxylic acids No 

Phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esters (and salts 
thereof): 
Alcohols and phenols, alkoxy lated and phosphated: 
C,2-C,5 Alcohol, ethoxylated, propoxylated and 

phosphated No 

Butyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated No 

Decyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated Yes 



FTX, HMP, S. 
WM. 

KPI. 

(\ 

CAS. GRL 

DEX. HEW. 

HCL 

AGP CON, ESS. GRL. HEW. HNX NMC, 

PG. PNX. 
BSW, CON. CP. ENJ, HEW. LEV. NMC, 

PG. PNX. (2). 
EKT. HNT 
NMC. 

HCL. 

(^ 

KPI. 

PG. 

CRT GRL. 

SLM. 

KPI. 

KPI. 

ccc 

BSW. EKT HNT PG. VKR. WBG, (\ 

BSW, NMC. SCP WBG. 

HNT 

BRI. 

PG. 

PG. 

BSW. CON. PG. 

ARZ, WVA. (2). 

SLM, (2). 

ARZ. 

BSW. 

CON, SCP 

CON. CRT HEW, LEV. PNX. 

CCC. CON. DAN, ESS. PER, HNT LEA. 

PNX. SEP. SCP VKR. WVA. (\ 
NMC. WVA. (2). (2). 
AGP BSW, PG. PNX. 
CON. CP HEW. LEV NMC. PG. (\ 

MOA. USR, WVA. 

MOA. TX, WVA. 



GAP. 
RDA. 
MCP OC, RDA. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-12 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 12-2 — Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 



Suriac9-activ0 agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 12-3) 



Anionic-Contlnued 

Phosphoric and poiyphosphoric acid esters (and salts 
thereof)- Continued 
Alcohols and phenols, alkoxylated and phosphated 
•Continued 

Dinonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated Yes 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated No 

Dodecylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated No 

2-Ethylhexanoi and ethoxylated nonylphenol, 

polyphosphated No 

2-Ethylhexanol and ethoxylated nonylphenol, 

foly phosphated, sodium salt No 
thylhexanol, ethoxylated and phosphated Yes 

2-Ethylhexanol, ethoxylated, phosphated, potassium 

salt No 

l-lexylalcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated No 

Lauryl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated No 

Meta, para-cresol, ethoxylated and polyphosphated, 

neutralized No 

Mixed linear alcohols, alkoxylated and phosphated, 

potassium salt No 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and phosphated . Yes 



Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and phosphated, 
sodium salt No 

Mixed tridecyl alcohol and 2-ethylhexanol, 
phosphated, potassium salt No 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated Yes 



Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated, 

dietnanolamine salt No 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated, sodium 

salt No 

9-Octadecenyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated Yes 

Octylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated No 

Octylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated. 

magnesium salt No 

Phenol, ethoxylated and phosphated Yes 

Polyhydric alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated No 

Polypropylene glycol, phosphated No 

Tridecyl alchol, ethoxylatea and phosphated, 

polyalkylene polyamine salt No 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and pirasphated Yes 

Tridecyl alcohol ethoxylated and phosphated, 

potassium salt No 

Tridecylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated No 

All other alcohols and phenols, alkoxylated and 

phosphated or polyphosphated No 

Alcohols, phosphated or polyphosphated: 

Butyl phosphate No 

Butyl phosphate, potassium salt No 

Decyl and octyl phosphate Yes 

Decyl polyphosphate, sodium salt Uo 

Ethyl alcohol, pnosphatod, amine salt No 

2-Ethylhexyl phosphate No 

2-Ethylhexyl phosphate, sodium salt No 

2-Ethylhexyl polyphosphate, sodium salt No 

IHexadecylmonophosphate No 



CPC. ETC, GAP, RDA, WTC. 
CPC, ENJ, GAP. HCL. RDA. 
DEX, GAP, RDA. 

COG. 

CCC. 

CPC, ETC. PPG, SCP, SDC, UTC, WTC. 

BRI. 
RDA. 
RDA. 

RDA. 

PCI. 

BAS, CRD, CTL, ENJ. ESS, ETC. PER. 

HCL, HRT LUR, MOA, MRV. NES. RDA. 

SOS. WTC. 

CHP 

CHR 

ARL, CPC, CTL, DEX. ESS, ETC, GAP. 

GDC. HDG. HRT LEA. MCP MOA. 

NES, OC, OMC, PPG, RDA. UTC. VKR, 

WTC. 

OMC, WTC 

WTC. 

ETC, GAP, HCL. RDA, WTC. 

LUR, PPG, RDA, RH, WTC. 

HIP 

ETC, GAP HDG, LUR, MOA, PEL, PPG, 

RDA, WTC. 
ETC, RDA. 
BAS. 

CPC, DAN. DEX. ETC. GAP. MIL. RDA. 
WTC. 

DEX. 
TCC. 

ETC. RDA, SCR TCC, ('){E). 

HRT TCC, 

DUR 

ENJ, ETC, HCL, SCR 

CRD. 

UTC. 

CHR ETC. PER, OC, OMC. RDA, SOS, 

VKR, (^. 

CHR DAN, ENJ, S. 

DEX. 

{')■ 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-13 



Section 12 

Table 12-2 — Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 



Suri ace-active agents 



Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 
statistics ' (according to list in table 12-3) 



Anionic-Continued 
Phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esters (and salts 
thereof)-Continued 
Alcohols, phosphated or polyphosphated-Contlnued 

Hexyl phosphate No 

Hexyl phosphate, potassium salt No 

Isooctyl phosphate No 

Isooctyl phosphate, potassium salt No 

Isopropyl phosphate No 

Methylbutyl pyrophosphate, ethylenedioxy titanium 

salt No 

Mixed alky! phoshate, sodium salt No 

Mixed alky! phosphate Yes 

Mixed alky! phosphate, alkylamine salt No 

Mixed alky! phosphate, diethanolamine salt No 

Mixed alkyl phosphate, potassium salt No 

Mixed alkyl phosphate, triethanolanine salt No 

Neoalkoxy tris(dioctyl) pyrophosphato zirconate ... No 

9-Octadecenyl phosphate No 

Octyl phosphate, alkylamine salt No 

Octyl phosphate, isoproxy titanium salt No 

Octyl phosphate neoalkoxy titanium sah No 

Octyl polyphosphate No 

Octyl polyphosphate, potassium salt No 

Octyl pyrophosphate, ethylenedioxy titanium salt ... No 

Octyl pyrophosphate, isoproxy titanium salt No 

Octyl pyrophosphate neoalkoxy titanium salt No 

Octyl pyrophosphate, oxoethylenedioxy titanium 

salt No 

Octyl pyrophosphate titanium salt No 

N-2(C2 to Ci7)alkylamido-N-carboxyethyl.N-2- 

hydroxyethyl, 3-amino-2-mydroxypropyl phosphate. 

disodium salt No 

Tridecyl phosphate No 

All other phosphated and polyphosphated 

alcohols No 

Other phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esters; 

Blend o( fatty and phosphate esters No 

Glycerol, ethoxylated and phosphated No 

Glycerol monoester of mixed fatty acids, 

phosphated No 

Octadeclyamine, ethoxylated and phosphated, 

sodium salt No 

All other phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid 

esters No 

Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof): 
Alkylbenzenesulfonates: 
Dodecylbenzenesutfonates: 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid Yes 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, (Mixed alkyl)amine 

salt No 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt Yes 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, calcium salt Yes 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, diethanolamine 

salt No 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, isopropanolamine 

salt No 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, isopropylamine 

salt Yes 



ETC, HCL, ICI. 

iCI. 

BOE, BRI. OCR 

OCR, RDA, 

TCC. 

KPI. 

CTL. DUR HCL, HIR WTC, {% 

(^. 

DUR SCR 

OCR 

{'). 

KPI. 

GAR 

{"). 

KPI. 

KPI. 

DEX. 

DEX. 

KPI. 

KPI. 

KPI. 

KPI. 
KPI. 



MOA. 
HCL. 

ETC. 

MIL. 
(')■ 

WTC. 

GDC. 

ENJ. MOA, SCR WTC. 



EMK. ENJ, JLR LEV, NRR, PIL, STR TEN. 
VST WTC, (^). 

JLR ('). 

CCC, NES, WTC. (2). 

HCL. ICI. RH, STR TMH, WTC, (^). 

RDA. 

PIL. 

HIR ICI. KPI. NES, PPG, RDA. STR 
WTC.(2). 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-14 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 12-2 — Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 



Surface-activB agents 



Separata 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 12-3) 



Anionlc-Continued 
Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof)-Continued 
Aikyibenzenesuifonates-Contlnued 
Dodecylbenzenesulfonates-Contlnued 

Oodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, monoethanolamine 

salt No 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonlcacid, potassium salt .... Yes 
Dodecylbenzenesultonicacid, sodium salt Yes 



Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, triethanoiamine 

salt Yes 

All other dodecylbenzene sulfonates No 

Other alkylbenzenesulfonates: 

Benzene sulfonic acid No 

Didodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt No 

Neoalkoxy, dodecylbenzene-sulfonyl titanate .... No 

Tridecylbenzenesulfonic acid No 

Tridecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt No 

Benzene-, cumene-, toluene-, and xylenesulfonates: 

CumenesuHonic acid, ammonium salt No 

CumenesuKonic acid, sodium salt No 

Toluenesulfonic acid, potassium salt No 

Toluenosulfonic acid, sodium salt No 

Toluene xylene sulfonic acid No 

Xylenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt No 

Xylenesulfonic acid, sodium salt Yes 

All other benzene-, cumene-, toluene-, and 

xylenesulfonates No 

Ligninsulfonates: 

Ligninsulfonic acid, ammonium saK Yes 

Ligninsulfonic acid, calcium salt Yes 

Ligninsulfonic acid, chromium salt No 

Ligninsulfonk: acid, iron salt No 

Ligninsulfonic acid, magnesium salt No 

Ligninsulfonic acid, mixed chromium and iron 

salts No 

Ligninsulfonic acid, potassium salt No 

Ligninsulfonic acid, sodium salt Yes 

Ligninsulfonic acid, zinc salt No 

All other ligninsulfates No 

Naphthalenesulfonates: 

Butylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt No 

Di(C5-Cs alkyl)naphthalenesulfonic ackJ No 

Dibutylnaphthalenesulfonicacid No 

Diisopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt .. No 

Isopropylnaphthalenesulfonicacid No 

Methylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt No 

Methylnonylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt .. No 
Naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt, 

formaldehyde condensate No 

All other naphthalenesulfonates No 

Sulfonic acids having amide linkages: 
Sulfosuccinamk: acid derivatives: 
N-[Coconut oil alkyl]sulfosuccinamk: and 

disodlum salt No 

N-(1 .2-Dicart)oxyethyl)-N- 
octadecylsulfosuccinamk: acid, tetrasodium 

salt No 



ESS, RDA. 

BRI, ESS, GDC. LEA. 

BLA, BOE, BRI. CP, CPC. CTL, DOW, 

DUP. ECC, LEA. LEV, NES, NPR, PCI. 

PIL. PNX, RDA. STP TEN, VST WTC, 

BRD, BRI. CCC, CPC, CTL, ESS. NES. 
PCI. PIL, PPG. RDA, SCP STP WTC. 
ENJ, PG. (2)(E). 

WTC. 

ENJ. 

KPI. 

CP STP. 

BLA, CMT CPC, STP. 

NES, STP. 

NES, STP WTC. 

NES. 

NES, PG, VST 

WTC. 

NES. STP, WTC. 

ICI, NES, PIL. STP. WTC. 

SCR 

MAR. PSP RAY, SPA. 
FPC. MAR. PSP 
PSP RAY 
MAR. PSP 
MAR. WVA. 

PSP 

PSP 

ENJ. MAR. PSP RAY 

MAR, PSP 

ETC. LKY MAR. 

SCP. UDI. 

(% 

UDI. 

DUP. SCP UDI. 

UDI. 

CPC. SCP UDI. 

UDI. 

ICI. 

HAL. SCP UDI. 



WPG. 
ACY MOA. 



See footnotes at end of table 



12-15 



Sec lion 12 

Table 12-2 — Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 



Surface-active agents 



Separata 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 12-3) 



Anionlc-Contlnued 
Sulfonic adds (and salts thereof)-Contlnued 
Sulfonic acids having amide linitages-Continued 
Sulfosucclnamic acid derivatives-Continued 

N-Octadecylsulfosuccinamic acid, disodium salt . . No 
Oleamidosulfosuccinamicacid, disodium salt .... No 

ISl-(Oleoyloxyisopropyl)sulfosuccinamic acid No 

All other sulfosucclnamic acid derivatives No 

Taurine derivatives: 
N-(Coconut oil acyl)-N-methyltaurine, sodium 

salt No 

N-Methyl-N-oleoyltaurine, sodium salt No 

N-Methyl-N-palmitoyltaurine, sodium salt No 

N-Methyi-N-(tall oil acyl)taurine, sodium salt No 

All other sulfonic acids having amide linkages: 
All other sulfonic acids having amide linkages ... No 
Sulfonic acids having ester or ether linkages: 
Sulfosuccinic acid esters: 
SuHosuccinic acid, bis(diisobutyl)ester, 

amidodisodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, bis(2,6-dimethyl-4-heptyl)- 

ester, sodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, bis(2-ethylhexyl)ester, 

sodium salt Yes 



Sulfosuccinic acid, dihexyl ester, sodium salt .... No 
Sulfosuccinic acid, dlisobutyl ester, sodium 

salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, diisodecyl ester, sodium 

salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, diisooctyl ester, sodium 

salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, dioctyl ester, sodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, dipentyl ester, sodium salt ... No 
Sulfosuccinic acid, ditridecyl ester, sodium 

salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, (lauryl polyethylene glycol 

ether) ester, disodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, (coconut oil alkyl)- 

iminoisopropanol half-ester, sodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, lauramidomonoethanolamine, 

disodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, monolaureth ester, disodium 

salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid myristyl ester disodium 

monoethanolamine sail No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, nonoxynyl-10 ester, 

disodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, oleamidopolyethyleneglycol, 

disodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, ricinoleamide 

monoethanolamine, disodium salt No 

All other sulfosuccinic acid esters No 

All other sulfonic acids having ester or ether 

linkages: 
Coconut oil acids, 2-sulfoethyl ester, sodium 

salt No 

Dodecyldlphenyloxidedisulfonicacid No 

Dodecyldlphenyloxidedisulfonic acid, disodium 

salt No 



ACY, HIP. 
SBC. 
WTC. 
SCP. 



FTX, RDA. 

CPC. FTX. HCI^ RDA, WPG. 

GAP. RDA. 

CCC, RDA, WVA. 

HCL. 



MOA. 
MOA. NSC. 

ACY. AMU. APX. BRI, CCC. CHP. ECC, 
EMK. ENJ. FTX, HCL, MCP, MOA. RDA. 
RH, WTC. 

FTX, MOA. 

FTX. 

ACY 

ACY ARi. SCP. SHX. SOS. 

MOA. 

ACY 

ACY MOA. 

SHX. 

MOA. 

RDA. 

MOA. RDA. 

WTC. 

MOA. 

MOA. 

RDA. 

FTX. MOA. WTC. 



FTX, GAF LEV, RDA. 
CTL, PIL, RDA, {'). 



See footnotes at end of table 
12-16 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 12-2 — Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 



Suriace-activo agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 12-3) 



An Ionic-Continued 
Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof)-Continued 
Sulfonic acids having ester or ether llnkages-Contin 
All other sulfonic acids having ester or ether 
linkages-Continued 
iso-octyphenol, ethoxylated and sulfonated, 

sodium salt No 

n-Octylphenol, ethoxylated and sulfonated. 

sodium salt No 

All other sulfonic acid with ester linkages No 

All other sulfonic acids with ether linkages No 

Other sulfonic acids: 

Allyl sulfonate, sodium salt No 

Diphenylsulfone sulfonic acid, potassium salt No 

Mixed alkanesulfonic acid No 

Mixed alkane sulfonic acid, sodium salt No 

Mixed linear olefin sulfonate Yes 

n-Octanesutfonic acid, sodium salt No 

Oleyloxyethyldiamide oxypropanol sulfonk: acid .... No 
Petroleumsutfonic acid, water soluble (Acid 

layer), sodium salt No 

Tall oil. sulfonated, potassium salt No 

All other sulfonic acids No 

Sulfuric acid esters (and salts thereof): 
Acids, amides, and esters, sulfated: 
Coconut oil acids-ethanolamine salt, sulfated, 

potassium salt No 

Mixed alkyl phenol sulfate, ethoxylated. 

tnethanolamine salt No 

Carboxylic acid esters (except natural fats and 
oils), sulfated: 
Esters of sulfated oleic acid: 

Butyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt Yes 

Isopropyl oleate. sulfated, sodium salt No 

Methyl oleate. sulfated, sodium salt No 

Oleic acid, sulfated No 

Oleic acid, sulfated, disodium salt No 

OIek: acid, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Propyl oleate. suHated. sodium salt No 

All other esters of sulfated oleic acid No 

Other sulfated esters: 
Glycerol monoester of coconut oil acids, 

sulfated, sodium salt No 

Tall oil acids, sulfated, sodium salt No 

All other sulfated esters No 

Alcohols, sulfated: 

Decyl and octyl sulfate, sodium salt No 

Decyl sulfate, sodium salt No 

Dodecylsulfate salts: 
Dodecyl sulfate, 2-amino-2-methylpropanol salt . . No 

Dodecyl sulfate, ammonium salt Yes 

Dodecyl sulfate, diethanolamine salt No 

Dodecyl sulfate, N,N-diethylcyclohexylamine 

salt No 

Dodecyl sulfate, isopropanolamine salt No 

Dodecyl sulfate, magnesium salt No 

Dodecyl sulfate, sodium salt Yes 

Dodecyl sulfate, tnethanolamine salt Yes 

3,9-Dielhyl-6-tridecyl sulfate, sodium salt No 

2-Ethylhexyl sulfate, sodium salt Yes 



RH. 

APX. 
GAF. 
PG, PPG, SCP. 

ARD. 
UPF. 



a 



M. STP WTC. 
RDA, STP, WVA. 



PIL. 

CGY CLU, HAL. 



EMK, ENJ. 
MIL. 



HIP, ICi, MCP. MRV. NSC. 

DEX. 

ICI. 

ACT 

MCP 

ACY CIN. 

MRV. 

LUR, SCP 



CP 
ICI. 
RDA. 

STP 

ARI, SCP VVTC. 

SCP 

BRD, LEV, RDA, STP TNI, WTC, {^). 

DUP JRG, STP 

DUP 

JRG. 

RDA STP 

BRd! DUP RDA, STP 

BRD, RDA, STP TNI. 

NCC. 

NCC, PCI, RDA, WTC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-17 



Section 12 

Table 12-2— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 



Suriace-active agents 



Separata 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 12-3) 



Anionic — Continued 
Sulfuric acid esters (and salts thereof)-Continued 
Alcohols, suifated-Continued 

7-Ethyl-2-methyl-4-undecyl sulfate, sodium salt No 

Hexadecyl sulfate, sodium salt No 

Hexyl sulfate, potassium salt No 

Ail other linear alcohols, sulfated No 

Mixed linear alcohols, sulfated, ammonium salt .... No 

Mixed linear alcohols, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Mixed linear alcohols, sulfated, triethanoiamine 

salt No 

Octyl sulfate, sodium salt No 

Oieyl sulfate, sodium salt No 

Oxoaicohoi bottoms, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Tridecyl sulfate, sodium salt No 

All other alcohols and phenols, sulfated No 

Ethers, sulfated: 
Ail^ylphenols, ethoxyiated and sulfated: 

1 -t^aphthol, ethoxyiated and sulfated, free acid . . No 

Nonyiphenoi, ethoxyiated and sulfated, ammonium 

salt No 

Nonyiphenoi, ethoxyiated and sulfated, sodium 

salt No 

Octylphenoi, ethoxyiated and sulfated, sodium 

salt No 

Octylphenoxy polyethoxy ethyl sulfate No 

All other sulfated cyclic ethers No 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxyiated and sulfated. 

ammonium salt No 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxyiated and sulfated, sodium 

salt No 

Dodecyl and tetradecyi alcohols, ethoxyiated and 

sulfated, ammonium salt No 

Isobutanol, ethoxyiated and sulfated, ammonium 

salt No 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxyiated and sulfated, 

ammonium salt No 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxyiated and suKated. 

sodium salt No 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxyiated and sulfated, 

sodium salt No 

Natural fats and oils, sulfated: 

Castor oil, sulfated, sodium salt Yes 

Coconut oil, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Cod oil, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Cod oil, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Grease, other than wool, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Herring oil, suHated No 

Herring oil, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Lard, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Mixed animal and vegetable oil, sulfated, sodium 

salt No 

Mixed fish oils, sulfated, ammonium salt No 

Mixed fish oils, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Mixed vegetable oils, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Mixed vegetable oils, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Mustard seed oil, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Neatsfoot oil, sulfated, sodium salt No 



NCC. 

RDA. 

DEX. 

PG. RDA. 

CP, S, SCP, WTC, (2). 

BRD. CP, DUP. PG. SCP, WTC. 

SCP, WTC. 

ARC. DUP, RDA. 

DUP. RDA. 

WVA. 

RDA. 

RDA. 



SCP. 

GAP. RDA. STP. 

GAP. RDA. WTC. 

RDA, STP 

RH. 

RDA. 

MOA, RDA. 

BRD. RDA. 

PG, RDA, SCP, SHC. STP, TNA, VST. 
WTC. (2). 

DUP PG. PIL, RDA, SCP SHC. STP. VST. 
WTC, WVA. 

RDA. 

ACT ACY, ARI. ARL. CRT DEX. HIP. ICI. 

LEA, LUR, MRV, S, SCR SLM, WHW. 
ACY 
ARI. 
WHW. 
WHW. 
SLM. 

ARI, SLM, WHW. 
CIN, CRT WHW. 

SLM. 

CIN. 

CRT SLM, WHW. 

CRT LUR. 

CPC. 

CRT 

ARI, WHW. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-18 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 12-2 — Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or saies were either reported or estimated, identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Marjufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 12-3) 



Anionic-Continued 
Sulfuric acid esters (and salts thereof>-Continued 
Natural fats and oils, suifated-Continued 

Peanut oil, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Soybean oil, sulfated, sodium salt No 

All other sulfated animal fats and oils No 

All other sulfated fish and manne fat oils No 

Synthetic fatty alcohol ester, sulfated, sodium 

salt No 

Tall oil, sulfated, ammonia salt No 

Tall oil, sulfated, sodium salt Yes 

Tallow, sulfated, sodium salt Yes 

All other vegetable oils, sulfated No 

All other sulfuric acid esters No 

Other anionic surface-active aqents: 
Allcylalcohol ethoxylated and cartxinated, sodium 

salt No 

Ethoxylated acetic acid, sodium salt No 

IHalf-phthalic acid ester of tallow 

alkanolamide/monoglyceride No 

Lignin, sodium salt No 

Mixed alpha-olefins and vegetable No 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and cartxjnated, 

sodium salt No 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and cartwnated, sodium 

salt No 

StearoyI iso-lactylate, sodium salt No 

StearoyI lactylate, mixed sodium and calcium salt .... No 

StearoyI lactylate, sodium salt No 

StearoyI lactylate, sodium salt No 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and cartranated, 

sodium salt No 

All other anionic surface-active agents No 

Cationic surface-active agents: 
Amine oxides and oxygen-containing amines (except 
those having amide linkages): 
Acyclic: 

3-(C,2-C,5 alkyloxy)-1-propanamine No 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)(coconut oil alkyl)amine ... No 
N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)(coconut oil alkyl)amine 

oxide No 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)dodecylamine No 

Bis-(2-hydroxyethyl)isodecyloxypropylamineoxkJe . No 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)octadecylamine Yes 

N.N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)(talk)w alkyljamine Yes 

Cocoamidopropyl dimetfiyl amine No 

(Coconut oil alkyl)amine, ethoxylated No 

Coconut oil(alkyl)amine, ethoxylated and 

phosphated No 

Coconut oil alkyl amine, propoxylated No 

Diethylenetriamine, alkoxylated No 

N,N-DimGthyl(coconut oil alkyl)amine oxide No 

N,N-DimethyldGcylaminG oxide No 

N,N-Dimethyldodecylamine oxide No 

N,N-Dimethylhexadecylamine oxide No 

N,N-DimGthyl(mixGd alkyl)amine oxide No 

Di(pyrrolidonylGthyl)imine No 

Ethylene diamine ethoxlated No 

Hexyloxypropyl amine No 

(Hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amlne. ethoxylated .... Yes 



ACY 

ACT SCP, WHW. 

WHW. 

WHW. 

SLM. 

CIN. 

ACT AMU, ARi, CIN, CRT WHW. WTC. 

CCC. CRT NSC. SCP, WHW. 

CRT LUR. SCP. TEN. 

SCP. 



MIL. 
S. 

EFH. 
WVA. 
SLM. 



WTC. 

BFP. 

BFP. 

BFP. 

BFP 



CGY DUP. MOA. 



ENJ. 
ARC. 

SHX. 
ARC. 
ENJ. 

ARC. GAF. SHX. 
ARC, ENJ. HCL. JTO, SHX, (2). 
0. 

ARC, BAS. ENJ. ETC. SHX. SVC. WTC. 
{').{')■ 

{')■ 
SHX. 
{% 
ARC. 



ik 



^D, CTL, PG. SHX. 
ARC. 
S. 

PCI. 
KPI. 

DUP, ENJ. 
ENJ. ETC, RDA. SHX. WTC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-19 



Section 12 

Table 12-2 — Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 12-3) 



Cationic-Continued 
Amine oxides and oxygen-containing amines (except 
those having amide linkages)-Continued 
Acyclic-Continued 
N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-N.N',N'-tris(2-hydroxypropyl)- 

ethylenediamine No 

Isodecyloxypropylamine No 

Isodecyloxypropylamine, ethoxylated No 

3-(3-lsodecyloxy)propylaminopropyl amine No 

N-lsodecyloxypropyl trimethylene diamine No 

lsopropoxy-tris(2-ethylenediamino)ethyltitanate ... No 

isotridecyloxypropylamine No 

N-lsotridecyloxypropyl trimethylene diamine No 

3-(Mixed alkoxyjpropyiamine, ethoxylated oxides . . No 

3-(3-Mixed alkoxy)propylaminopropyi amine No 

(Mixed alkyl)amine, ethoxylated Yes 

Neoalkoxy, tri(m-amino)-phenyl titanate No 

Neoalkoxy, tris(m-amino) phenyl zirconate No 

(9-Octadecenyl)amine, ethoxylated Yes 

Octadecylamine, ethoxylated Yes 

Octyldimethyiamine oxide No 

Polyalkylene polyamine, ethoxylated No 

Polyether amine, ethoxylated No 

(Soybean oil alkyljamine. ethoxylated Yes 

(Tallow alkyl)amine, ethoxylated Yes 

(Tallow alkyl)amine, propoxylated No 

N-(Tallowalkyl)tnmethylenediamine, ethoxylated . . . Yes 

[Tallow ethyl alkyljamine, ethoxylated, sulfate No 

N,N,N',N'-Tetrakis(2-hydroxyethyl)ethylenediamine . No 
N.N,N'.N'-Tetrakis(2-Hydroxyethyl)ethylenediamine. 

propoxylated No 

N,N,N',N'-Tetrakis(2-hydroxypropyl)- 

ethylenediamine, propoxylated and ethoxylated . . No 

3-(3-Tridecyloxy)propyiaminopropyl amine No 

Tridecyl-3-(trimethyleneamine), ethoxylated No 

Triethanolamine, ethoxylated No 

Triethanolamine phosphate ester No 

All other amine oxides and oxygen-containing amines 

(Except those with amide linkages), acyclic No 

Cyclic: 

Aniline, ethoxylated No 

2-Butenedioic acid-(")-diamine - 1-(2-aminoethyl)- 

2-(tall oil alkyl)-2-imida2oline condensate No 

2,5-Dimethoxyaniline, ethoxylated No 

2-(8-Heptadecenyl)-4,4-bis(hydroxymethyl)-2- 

oxazoline No 

N-Hexadecylmorpholine No 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-1,2-diphenylethylenediamine . . . No 

1-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nonyl-2-imidazoline Yes 

1-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(coconLrt oil alkyl)-2- 

imidazoline No 

1-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(tall oil alkyl)-2- 

imidazoline Yes 

1 -(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-(tall oil alkyl)imida2oline, 

fatty acid salt No 

Lignin amine No 

Rosin amine, ethoxylated No 

m-Toluidine, ethoxylated No 



ENJ. 

ENJ. 

SHX. 

ENJ. 

KPI. 

ENJ. 

ENJ. 

SHX. 

SHX. 

BRD. ICI. RH. 

KPI. 

KPI. 

ETC, RDA, SHX. WTC. (=>). 

ARC. ETC. WTC. 

HNT 

BAS. 

RH 

ARC, ENJ. ETC. JTO. SHX. SVC, C). 

BAS. DUP. ENJ. ETC. HCL. PPG. RDA, S, 

SCP. SHX. WTC. (2). (2). 

SHX 

ARC. ENJ, ETC, JTO. {'). 

RDA. 

BAS, (2). 

HCL. 

BAS. ETC. 

SHX. 

JTO. 

[wllL. RSA. SCP. 

(^ 

ARC. ENJ. ETC. MOA. PG. RDA. SCP. 
SHX. WTC. (2). (2). 

MIL. 

MIL. 

ENJ. 

BRD. RDA. 

MOA. RDA. 

BRD. MOA. RDA. SHX. WTC. 

BRD. FTX. MOA. 

HDG. MOA. RDA. SCP. (*). 

(^. 
WVA. 
HPC. (2). 
MIL. 



See footnotes at end of table 



12-20 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 12-2 — Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 
Surface- active agents statistics ' (according to list in table 12-3) 

Cationic-Continued 
Amines, not containing oxygen (and salts thereof) 
•Continued 
Secondary and tertiary monoamines-Contlnued 

N-Methylbis(hydrogGnated tallow alkyl)amine No ARC. SHX. 

N-f^ethyldioctadecylamine No ARC. 

Tri(hydrogenated tallow) amine No SHX. 

Tnisodecylamine No SCP. 

Trilaurylamine No SCP. 

Tri(mixed alkyljamine No SHX. 

Trioctylamine No SCP. SHX. 

Ail otiner secondary and tertiary monoamines No ARC. BRD. ENO. JTO, TNA. WTO. 

OxygGn<ontalning quaternary ammonium salts: 
P-Alanine-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-N- 2 1- 

oxococoyi amino ethyl, sodium salt No SHX. 

2-(C,3-C,7 Ail<yl)-1-(C1-,8 amidoGthyl)(4,5-dlmydro- 

3-methyl)imidazolinium, methyl sulfate No DOW. SVC. 

(2-Aminoethyl)ethyl(hydrogenated tallow aii(yi)(2- 

hydroxyethyl)ammonium ethyl sulfate No OC. 

Benzyl(cooonut oil alkyl)bis(2-hydroxyethyl)- 

ammonium chloride No {'). 

1 -Benzyl-2-heptadecyl-1 -(2-hydroxyethyi)-2- 

imidazolinium chloride No HDG. 

1 -Benzyl-1 -(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(tali oil aikyi)-2- 

imidazoline No (^). 

Benzyl(tallowalkyi)bis(2-hydroxyethyl)ammonium 

chloride No DUP. 

Bis(N-amidopropyl)-N.N-dimethyl-N-ethyiammonium 

ethyl sulfate, dimer acid No SBC. 

Bis(N.N1-ethyl(stearic/arachidic/behenic)amide)- 

cyanoethyl ethylammonium ethosuifate No PCI. 

Bis(2-hydroxyethyl, ethoxylated)- 

methyioctadecyiammonium chloride No SHX. 

Bis-2-hydroxyethyl-hydrogenated tallow-ethyl 

sulfate No ICI. 

Bis[2-hydroxyethyi]methyl[tallowalkyi)ammonium 

chloride No ARC, JTO. 

Bis-2-hydroxyethyl-octyl-methyl-p-toluene sulfonate . . No HXL. 

(Coconut oil alkyl)bis(2-hydroxyethyl, ethoxyiated)- 

methyiammonium chloride No ENJ. GAP, RDA, SHX. 

Dimethyl dodecyl ethyl ammonium ether sulfate No PCI. 

Distearyldimethyl ammonium methosulfate No HXL. 

Ethoxylated(hydrogenatGd tallow amine), methyl 

ammonium chloride No ENJ. 

Ethoxylated, quaternized(C,2-C,s alkyl) oxypropyi 

trimethyiene diamine No ENJ. 

Ethoxylated. quaternized reaction product of 

formaldehyde and tallow diamine No ENJ. 

N-Ethyl-N,N-bis(polyoxyethylene)tallow ammonium 

ethyl sulfate No SHX. 

1-Ethyl-2-(8-heptadecenyl)-1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2- 

imidazolinium ethyl sulfate No iCi, SHX. 

N-Ethyi-N-hexadecylmorpholinium ethyl sulfate No BRD, ICI. 

Ethyl(polyoxyethylene. cocoamine) ethylsulfate No S. 

N-Ethyl-r\l-(soybean oil alkyl)morpholinium ethyl 

sulfate No ICi. 

a-Gluconamidopropyl dimethy-2-hydroxyethyl ammonium 

chloride No VND. 

(2-Hydroxyethyl)dimethyl(3-stGaramidopropyl)- 

ammonium nitrate No ACY. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-23 



Section 12 

Table 12-2 — Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sates were either reported or estimated, identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers' idontUication codes 
Suriace-active agents statistics ' (according to list in table 12-3) 

Cationic-Continued 
Oxygen-containing quaternary ammonium salts-Continued 

Hydroxyethyl-2-undecyl-2.3-imidai:oline No MOA. 

N-2-hydroxy propyl-n-methyl-N,n-bis[tallow amide 

ethyl] ammonium ethyl sulfate No SHX. 

Imidazolinium, 1 -carboxymethyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 - 

(hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(cocoalkyl), hydroxides, 

monosodium salts No SHX. 

Isostearamidopropyldimethylaminoglycolate No SBC. 

(3-Lauramidopropyl)trimethylammonium methyl sulfate N ACY. 

2-(2-Lauroyloxyethyl)carbamoyl-1-methylpyridinium 

chloride No ENJ. 

Methyl, bis-(2-hydroxyethyl) hydrogenated tallow 

alkylammonium chloride No ENJ. 

Methyl, bis-(2-hydroxyethyl) 

isodecyloxypropylammonium chloride No ENJ. 

Methyl, bis-(2-hydroxyethyl) 

isotridecyloxypropylammonium chloride No ENJ. 

Methyl, bis-(2-hydroxyethyl) soyaalkylammonium 

chloride No ENJ. 

Methyl-ditallowimidazolinium methosulfate No SVC. 

Methyl(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)diethyiamine 

condensate, polyethoxylated, methyl sulfate No SVC. 

1-Methyl-2-nor-tallow-1-(2-tallowamidoethyl)- 

imidazoliniummethyl sulfate No SHX. 

N-Methyl-N-polyoxyethylene-N,N-bis(hydrogenated 

tallow amidoethyl)ammonium No SHX. 

N-Methyl-N-polyoxyGthylene-N,N-bis(tallow 

amidoethyl) No SHX. 

Methyltallowdiethylenetriamine condensate, 

polyethoxylated, methyl sulfate No SVC. 

Methyltallowdiethylenetriamine condensate, 

polypropoxylated, methyl sulfate No SVC. 

Mixed alkyl imidazoline derivative, ethoxyiated No MOA. 

Mlxed(coco and soya fatty acids), reaction products 

with chloromethane and diethyienetriamine, 

ethoxyiated, quaternized No ENJ. 

Mixed tatty acid amide with diethylene 

triamine/ethyl sulfate No EFH. 

N-Octadecyl-N,N-di(2-hydroxyethyl)-N-methylammonium 

chloride No SHX. 

All other oxygen-containing quaternary ammonium 

salts (Except those having amide linkages) No ARC, ETC, SBC. SCP, SDC, SHX SVC 

Polyethoxy methylstearyl ammonium chloride No WTC. 

Poly(oxyethanyl, 2-diyl)-di-[2-[2-bis(2-aminoethyl)- 

methylamiumethyl]- No SVC. 

Polypropoxy diethylmethyl ammonium chloride No WTC. 

1 -Propanaminium, N-ethyl-N,N-dimethyl-3-[(1 - 

oxooctadecyljamino]-, ethyl sulfate No SBC. 

Soya fatty acids, reaction products with 

chloromethame and diethyienetriamine, ethoxyiated, 

quaternized No ENJ. 

Soya fatty acids, reaction products with 

chloromethane and diethyienetriamine, 

propoxylated, quaternized No ENJ. 

Stearamidopropyldimethylceterylammonium tosylate 

and propylene glycol No VND. 

Stearylamidopropyl dimethyl myristyl acetate 

ammonium chloride No VND. 

Tallow amine, ethoxyiated, quarternary ammonium 

salt No DUP. VND. 

See footnotes at end of table. 
12-24 



Syniheiic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 12-2 — Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' ider)tificatior) codes 
(according to list in table 12-3) 



Cationic-Continued 
Amines, not containing oxygen (and salts thereof) 
-Continued 
Secondary and tertiary monoamines-Continued 

N-l^ethylbis(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)aminG No 

N-Methyldioctadecylamine No 

Tri(hydrogenated tallow) amine No 

Tnisodecylamine No 

Trilaurylamine No 

Tri(mixed alkyl)amine No 

Trioctylamine No 

All other secondary and tertiary monoamines No 

Oxygen-containing quaternary ammonium salts: 
p-Alanine-N-(2-hydroxyGthyl)-N- 2 1- 

oxococoyl amino ethyl, sodium salt No 

2-{C,3-C,7 Alkyl)-1-(C1-,8amidoGthyl)(4,5-dimydro- 
3-methyl)lmidazolinlum, methyl sulfate No 

(2-Aminoethyl)ethyl(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)(2- 

hydroxyethyl)ammonium ethyl sulfate No 

Benzyl(coconut oil alkyl)bis(2-hydroxyethyl)- 

ammonium chloride No 

1 -Ben2yl-2-heptadecyl-1 -(2-hydroxyethyl)-2- 

imidazolinium chloride No 

1 -Benzyl-I -(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(tall oil alkyl)-2- 

imidazoline No 

Benzyl(tallow alkyl)bis(2-hydroxyethyl)ammonium 

chloride No 

Bis(N-amidopropyl)-N,N-dimethyl-N-ethylammonium 

ethyl sulfate, dimer acid No 

Bis(N,N1-ethyl(stearic/arachidic/behenic)amide)- 

cyanoethylethylammonium ethosulfate No 

Bis(2-hydroxyethyl, ethoxylated)- 

methyloctadecylammonium chloride No 

Bis-2-hydroxyethyl-hydrogenated tallow-ethyl 

sulfate No 

Bis[2-hydroxyethyl]methyl[tallowalkyl]ammonium 

chloride No 

Bis-2-hydroxyethyl-octyl-methyl-p-toluene sulfonate . . No 
(Coconut oil alkyl)bis(2-hydroxyethyl, ethoxylated)- 

methylammonium chloride No 

Dimethyl dodecyl ethyl ammonium ether sulfate No 

Distearyldimethyl ammonium methosulfate No 

Ethoxylated(hydrogenated tallow amine), methyl 

ammonium chloride No 

Ethoxylated, quaternized(C,2-C,e alkyl) oxypropyl 

trimethylene diamine No 

Ethoxylated, quaternized reaction product of 

formaldehyde and tallow diamine No 

N-Ethyl-N,N-bis(polyoxyethylene)tallow ammonium 

ethyl sulfate No 

1 -Ethyl-2-(8-heptadGcenyl)-1 -(2-hydroxyethyl)-2- 

imidazolinium ethyl sulfate No 

N-Ethyl-N-hexadecylmorpholinium ethyl sulfate No 

EthyKpolyoxyethylene, cocoamine) ethylsulfate No 

N-Ethyl-N-(soybean oil alkyl)morpholinium ethyl 

sulfate No 

a-Gluconamidopropyl dimethy-2-hydroxyethyl ammonium 

chloride No 

(2-Hydroxyethyl)dimethyl(3-stearamidopropyl)- 

ammonium nitrate No 



ARC. SHX. 

ARC. 

SHX. 

SCP. 

SCP. 

SHX. 

SCP SHX 

ARC, BRD, ENO. JTO. TNA. WTC. 



SHX. 

DOW, SVC. 

OC. 

{'). 

HDG. 

{')■ 

DUR 

SBC. 

PCI. 

SHX. 

ICI. 

ARC, JTO. 
HXL. 

ENJ. GAR RDA. SHX. 

PCI. 

HXL. 

ENJ. 

ENJ. 

ENJ. 

SHX. 

ICI, SHX. 
BRD, ICI. 
S. 

ICI. 
VND. 

ACY 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-23 



Sec lion 12 

Table 12-2 — Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Surface-active agents statistics ' (according to list in table 12-3) 

Cationic-Continued 
Oxygen-containing quaternary ammonium salts-Continued 

Hydroxyethyl-2-undecyl-2,3-lmidazoline No MOA. 

N-2-hydroxy propyl-n-methyl-N,n-bis[tallow amide 

ethyl] ammonium ethyl sulfate No SHX. 

Imidazolinium, 1-carboxymethyl)-4.5-dlhydro-1- 

(hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(c»coalkyl), hydroxides, 

monosodium salts No SHX. 

Isostearamidopropyldimethylaminoglycolate No SBC. 

(3-Lauramidopropyl)trimethylammonium methyl sulfate N ACY. 

2-(2-Lauroyloxyethyl)carbamoyl-1-methylpyridinium 

chloride No ENJ. 

Methyl, bis-(2-hydroxyethyl) hydrogenated tallow 

alkylammonium chloride No ENJ. 

t/lethyl, bis-(2-hydroxyethyl) 

isodecyloxypropylammonium chloride No ENJ. 

Methyl, bis-(2-hydroxyethyl) 

isotridecyloxypropylammonium chloride No ENJ. 

Methyl, bis-(2-hydroxyethyl) soyaalkylammonium 

chloride No EKi. 

Methyl-ditallowimidazolinium methosulfate No SVC. 

Methyl(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)diethyiamine 

condensate.polyethoxylated, methyl sulfate No SVC. 

1 -Methyl-2-nor-tallow-1 -[2-tallow amidoethyl]- 

imidazoliniummethyl sulfate No SHX. 

N-Methyl-N-polyoxyethylene-N,N-bis(hydrogenated 

tallow amidoethyl)ammonium No SHX. 

N-Methyl-N-polyoxyethylene-N,N-bis(tallow 

amidoethyl) No SHX. 

Methyltallowdiethylenetriamine condensate, 

polyethoxylated. methyl sulfate No SVC. 

Methyltallowdiethylenetriamine condensate, 

polypropoxylated, methyl sulfate No SVC. 

Mixed alkyl imidazoline derivative, ethoxylated No MOA. 

Mixed(coco and soya fatty acids), reaction products 

with chloromethane and diethylenetriamine, 

ethoxylated, quaternized No ENJ. 

Mixed fatty acid amide with diethylene 

triamine/ethyl sulfate No EFH. 

N-Octadecyl-N,N-di(2-hydroxyethyl)-N-methylammonium 

chloride No SHX. 

All other oxygen-containing quaternary ammonium 

salts (Except those having amide linkages) No ARC, ETC, SBC, SCP, SDC, SHX. SVC, 



WTC. 



Polyethoxy methylstearyl ammonium chloride No 

Poly(oxyethanyl, 2-diyl)-di-[2-[2-bis(2-aminoethyl)- 

methylamiumethyl]- No SVC. 

Polypropoxy diethylmethyl ammonium chloride No WTC. 

1 -Propanaminium, N-ethyl-N,N-dimethyl-3-[(1 - 

oxooctadecyl)amino]-, ethyl sulfate No SBC. 

Soya fatty acids, reaction products with 

chloromethame and diethylenetriamine, ethoxylated, 

quaternized No ENJ. 

Soya fatty acids, reaction products with 

chloromethane and diethylenetriamine, 

propoxylated, quaternized No ENJ. 

Stearamidopropyldimelhylceterylammonium tosylate 

and propylene glycol No VND. 

Stearylamidopropyl dimethyl myristyl acetate 

ammonium chloride No VND. 

Tallow amine, ethoxylated, quarlernary ammonium 

salt No DUP, VND. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-24 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



Table 12-2 — Continued 

Surtace-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 



Surface-active agents 



Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 
statistics ' (according to list in table 12-3) 



Cationlc-Continued 
Oxygen-containing quaternary ammonium salts 
•Continued 

All other quaternary ammonium salts having 

amide linkages No 

Quaternary ammonium salts, not containing oxygen: 
Acyclic: 

Bis(coconut oil alkyl)dimethylammonium chloride Yes 
Bisjhydrogenated tallow alkyl)dimethylammonium 

chloride Yes 

Bis(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)- 

dimethylammoniummethyl sulfate No 

Bis(tallow alkyl)dimethylammonium chloride No 

N-(Cocoamidopropyl,N,N-acetic acid) ammonium salt No 

Cocodimethyl ethyl ammonium ethyl sulfate No 

N-[(Goconut oil alkyl)amino]butyric acid, sodium 

salt Yes 

Didecyldimethylammonium chloride No 

Dimethyldi(Ci2-C,8)ammonium chloride (mixed 

straight and branched chains) No 

Dimethyldiocladecylammoniumchoride No 

N,N-Dioctyl-N,N-dimethyl ammonium chloride No 

Dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide No 

Dodecyltrimethylammonium chloride No 

Ethyldimethyl(mixed alkyl)ammonium ethyl sulfate . No 

Hexadecyltnmethylammonlum bromide No 

Hexadecyltrimethylammonium chloride Yes 

Hexane-1 ,6-bis(tribulylammonium bromide) No 

(Hydrogenated tallow alkyl)trimethylammonium 

chloride No 

Lauryl pyridinium chloride No 

Methyl (tri-hydrogenated tallow alkyl) ammonium 

chloride No 

Methyl tri(C9-C,o)ammonium chloride No 

Methyltrioctylammonium chloride No 

(Mixed alkyl)ammonium chloride No 

Octyl decyl dimethyl ammonium chbride No 

N,N.N'.N',N'-Pentamethyl-N-(tallowalkyl)- 

trimethylene-bis(ammonium chloride] No 

Stearyl pyridium chloride No 

Trihydrogenated tallow ammonium chloride Yes 

Trimethyloctadecylammonium chloride No 

Trimethyl(soybean oil alkyljammonium chloride ... No 

Trimelhyl(tallow alkyljammonium chloride No 

All other quaternary ammonium salts, not 

containing oxygen acyclic No 

Benzenoid: 

Benzyl(alkylpyridinium)chloride No 

Ben2yl(cocoamidopropyl)dimethyl ammonium chloride No 
Benzyl(coconut oil alkyl)dimethylammonium 

chloride Yes 

Benzyldimethyl(mixed alkyljammonium chloride . . Yes 

Benzyldimethyloctadecylammonium chloride Yes 

Benzyldimethyloleylammonium chloride No 

BenzyldimeIhyl(tallow alkyljammonium chloride ... No 

Benzyldimethyltetradecylammonium chloride No 

Benzyldodecyldimethylammonium chloride No 

Benzylhexadecyldimethylammonium chloride No 

Benzyl(hydrogenated tallow alkyljdimethylammonium 

chloride Yes 



BRD, ENJ. 

ARC, ENJ, JTO, PPG, SHX. 

ARC, END, SHX, WTC. 

ARC, SHX. 
ARC, SHX. 

SHX. 

ARC, JTO. PPG. SHX. 
HNT SHX. 

SHX. 

ARC, SHX. 

HNT 

RSA. 

ARC, BRD, SHX. 

DEX. 

ARC. 

ARC, BRD. SHX. 

HXL 

ARC, SHX. 
WTC. 

WTC. 

SHX. 

SCP 

MIL. 

HNT 

ARC, SHX. 

WTC. 

END. 

SHX. 

ARC, JTO, SHX. 

ARC, ENO, JTO, SHX. WTC. 

ARC, BRD, CRD. MOA, SHX. TNA. 

ARC. ENJ. ENO. GDC. HRT LUR, WTC. 

■{')■ 

BRD, CRD, HNT PCI, SHX, STR TCC. 

(').{')■ 
BRD, PPG, RDA, SHX, TNI. 
RDA. 

BOE, ENO. WTC. 
BRD. 
HIP 
BKM. 

ARC, ENO, SHX, WTC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-25 



Section 12 

Table 12-2 — Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistts ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list In table 12-3) 



Cationic-Continued 
Quaternary ammonium salts, not containing oxygen 
-Continued 
Benzenoid-Continued 

Benzyl-methyl-bis(hydrogenated tailow)ammonium 

chloride No 

Ben2yl(mixed alkyl)pyridinium chloride No 

Benzyl picolinium chloride No 

1 -Benzylpyridinium chloride No 

Benzyltrimethylammonium chloride Yes 

Butyl picolinium bromide No 

1-Dodecylpyridinium chloride No 

(Ethylbenzyl)dimethyl(mixed alkyl)ammonium 

chloride No 

Octadecyl-dibenzyltrimethyl-1,3-propane 

diammonium chloride No 

All other quaternary ammonium salts not 

containing oxygen cyclic No 

Other cationic surface-active agents: 

All other cationic surface-active agents No 

Nonionic: 

Cartraxylic acid amides: 
(amine/acid ratio = 2/1): 

Capric acid (Ratio = 2/1 ) No 

Castor oil acids (Ratio = 2/1 ) No 

Coconut oil acids (Ratio = 2/1 ) Yes 

Coconut oil and tallow acids (Ratio - 2/1) No 

Lard oil acids , No 

Laurie acid (Ratio - 2/1 ) No 

Laurie and myristic acids (Ratio - 2/1 ) Yes 

Linoleic acid (Ratio = 2/1 ) No 

Mixed cartwxylic acids No 

Mixed fatty acids, neutralized No 

Oleic acid (Ratio - 2/1 ) Yes 

Pelargonic acid (Ratio = 2/1) No 

Stearic acid (Ratio = 2/1 ) No 

Tall oil acids (Ratio = 2/1 ) Yes 

Tallow acids (Ratio = 2/1 ) No 

All other diethanolamine condensates 

(Ratio = 2/1 ) No 

Other amine/acid ratios: 

Capric acid (Ratio - 1/1) No 

Coconut oil acids (Ratio = 1/1) Yes 

Laurie acid (Ratio •= 1 /I ) Yes 

Laurie and myristic acid (Ratio - 1/1) Yes 

Linoleic acid (Ratio •= 1 /I ) No 

Mixed carboxylic acids No 

Mixed fatty acids ( Ratio « 1/1) No 

Myristic acid (Ratio = 1/1) No 

Oleic acid (Ratio =1/1) Yes 

Palm kernel oil acids (Ratio - 1/1) No 

Rapeseed acids (Ratio =1/1) No 

Soybean oil acids (Ratio =1/1) No 

Stearic acid (Ratio =1/1) Yes 



ENO. 

er 

GDC. LUR. 

PCI. 

HIP RSA, SHX, TCC, UTC. 

HXL 

CCL. DAN. 

BRD, HNT STP 

GDC. 

ARC. BRD. CRT RDA, WTC, (^). 

BRD. BRI, CGY CRT DUP JTO. LUR, 
MOA. PPG. RDA. S. SCP WM, WTC. 



SCP 

NSC. RDA. 

ARD, ARL. BRI. CCC. CON, CRT CTL, 
EFH. ETC. HNT HRT LEA. LUR. MCP 
MOA. MRV. PNX. PPG. RDA, SBC, 
SCP SHX, VKR. WPG, WTC. 

ENJ, MOA, SBC, UNN. 

PER. 

CRD. MOA. 

CRD. FTX. MOA. SBC. 

MOA. 

FER. SOS. 

FTX. 

CRT CTL. EFH. MOA. RDA. 

MIL. 

AiP OC. RDA. 

BRI. ECC. MOA. PNX. PPG, SBC, WVA. 

EFH, ICI, MOA. 

LUR, MOA, RDA, SHX. 

MOA. 

ARD, BRD, CCL, CPC, CTL, EMK, ESS. 

ETC. FTX. HNT HTN. JRG. MIL. MOA. 

PIL. RDA. SBC. SCP SHX. VND. WTC. 

{')■ 
FTX. MOA, RDA, SBC. SHX. TNI. WTC. 
BRD. HTN. MOA. RDA. SBC. 
MOA. SBC. VND. 
SOS. WTC 
RDA. WTC 
MOA. 

BRD, RDA, SBC. 
SVC. TMH. 
EFH. 

MOA. RDA. SBC. 
ECC. ENJ. ETC, Hip LEA. MRV RDA. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-26 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 12-2 — Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 

Surface-active agents statistics ' (according to list in table 12-3) 

Nonionlc-Continued 
Carboxylic acid amides-Continued 
Other amine/acid ratios-Continued 

Tall oil acids No ESS, WTO. (\ 

Tallow acids No MOA. 

All other diethanolamine condensates, 

(Ratio = 1/1) No BRD, MOA. 

All other carboxylic acid amides; 

All other alkanolamine condensates No SOP, ('). 

All other carboxylic acid - alkanolanfiine 

condensates No SOP. 

All other carboxylic acid-diamine and polyamine 

condensate No JTO. 

Coconut oil acids No NES. 

Coconut oil acids (Ratio =1/1) No FIX, MOA, RDA. STP 

Coconut oil acids (Ratio = 2/1 ) No ENJ, HTN. MOA, SCR 

Coconut oil acids No MOA, PAT, PPG. 

Coconut oil acids-dimethylaminopropylamine 

condensate (Ratio = 1/1) No (^). 

Coconut oil acids-ethanolamine condensate, 

ethoxylated No SVC. 

All other diethanolamine condensate No EFH, RDA, SCP, SHX. 

Dioleic acid (Ratio - 1/2) No (^). 

All other ethanolamine condensates No LUR. 

All other ethanolamine condensates, 

(Ratio -1/1) No BRD. 

Ethanolamine condensates (Ratio -2/1) No SHX. 

Hydrogenated tallow amides, ethoxylated No PCI. 

Hydrogenated tallow glycerides diethylenediamine 

condensate No LEA. 

Hydrogenated tallow glycerides diethylenetriamine 

condensate No HRT. 

Isonanoic acid, mono- and triethanolamine salt .... No HCL. 

All other isopropanolamine condensates No SBC, VND. 

Isostearic acid, aminoethylethanolamide, acetate 

salt No PCI. 

Laurie acid No HTN, MOA. 

Laurie acid (Ratio - 1/1) No RDA. 

Laurie and myristic acids No RDA. 

Laurie and myristic acids (Ratio - 1/1) No MOA, STP. 

Mixed fatty acids, diethanolamine condensate No WTC. 

Oleic acid-ethanolamine condensate, ethoxylated . . No ETC. 

Ricinoleic acid No RDA. 

Stearic acid (Ratio - 1/1 ) No MOA, RDA. 

Stearic acid (Ratio - 2/1 ) No ECC. 

Stearic acid aminoethanolamine (Ratio - 1.0/1.65 . . No CHP. 
Stearic acid aminoethylethanolamine 

(Ratio - 1/2) No VKR. 

Stearic acid-N-aminoethyl ethanolamine condensate No BOE. 
Stearic acid-ethylenediamine condensate 

(Ratio -1/2) No SLC. 

Stearic acid monoethanolamme condensate No VND, WTC. 

Tall oil acids-dimethylamine condensate 

(Ratio -1/1) No BKM. 

Tall oil fatly acids (Ratio - 1/2) No EFH. 

Tall oil fatty acids (Ratio -2.7/1) No EFH. 

Talloilfany acids (Ratio- 1.5/1) No EFH. 

Tall oil fatty acids-tnethanolamme condensate No (^). 

See footnotes at end of table. 



12-27 



Section 12 

Table 12-2 — Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 

statistics ' 



Mariufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 12-3) 



Nonionic-Continued 
Carboxylic acid amides-Continued 
All other carboxylic acid amides-Continued 

Tallow acids (amime/acid ratio- 1.00/1. 65) No 

Tallow, n- 3-(dimethylamino)propyi (Ratio = 1/3) . . . No 

All other artioxylic acid amides No 

Carboxylic acid esters: 

Anhydrosorbitol esters: 

Anhydrosorbitol dioleate No 

Anhydrosorbitol monoester of tall oil acids No 

Anhydrosorbitol monolaurate Yes 

Anhydrosorbitol mono-oleate Yes 

Anhydrosorbitol monopalmitate No 

Anhydrosorbitol monostearate Yes 

Anhydrosorbitol sesquioleate No 

Anhydrosorbitol tnester of tall oil acids No 

Anhydrosorbitol trioleate No 

Anhydrosorbitol tristearate No 

All other anhydrosorbitol esters No 

Oiethylene glycol esters: 

Diethylene glycol monoester of tall oil acids No 

Diethylene glycol monoester of tallow acids No 

Diethylene glycol monolaurate Yes 

Diethylene glycol mono-oleate No 

Diethylene glycol monostearate No 

Diethylene glycol sesquiester of tall oil acids No 

Diethylene glycol terephthalate No 

All other diethylene glycol esters No 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol esters: 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monolaurate Yes 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol mono-oleate Yes 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monopalmitate No 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monostearate Yes 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol triester of tall oil 

acids No 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol trioleate No 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol tristearate Yes 

All other ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol esters No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol esters: 

Ethoxylated sorbitol beeswax ester No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol hexaester of tall oil acids No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol hexaoleate No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol lanolin ester No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol mono-oleate No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol monostearate No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol oleate, acetylated No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol tetraester of lauric and 

oleic acids No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol tetraester of tall oil acids No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol tetraoleate No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol tetrastearate No 

Ethylene glycol esters: 

Ethylene glycol distearate Yes 

Ethylene glycol mono-oleate No 

Ethylene glycol monostearate Yes 

Ethylene glycol sesquistearate No 



PAT 
PAT 
CGY 



ICI. 

HDG. 

BRD. HDG. ICI. PPG. 

BRD. HDG. ICi, PPG. SCP 

BRD. ICI. PPG. 

BRD. HDG. ICI. PPG. 

BRD, HDG. 

BRD. (2). 

BRD. HDG. ICI. PPG. 

BRD. PPG. 

BRD. PG. 

BKM. 

ENJ. 

BRD. CTL. ECC. HDG. PPG. 

BRD. SCP SHX. 

BRD. ECC. HDG. RDA. 

ECC. WVA. 

UPF. 

{')■ 

BRD. ETC. HDG. ICI. PPG. SVC. 
BRD, ETC. HDG. ICI, PPG. SVC. 
HDG. ICI. PPG. 
BRD. ETC. HDG. ICI. PPG. 

WTC. 

ETC, HDG, ICI, PPG. 

BRD. HDG. ICI. PPG. 

BRD. 

ICI. 

PPG. 

ICI. 

ICI. 

CPC. ICI. 

CPC. 

ICI. 

ICI. 

(^)- 
ICI. 
ICI. 

BRD. ENJ. HDG. ICI. PPG. RDA. STP, 

WM, WTC. 
EFH. 
BRD. HDG. PPG, RDA, SCP STP. VND. 

WtWi. WTC. 
JTO. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-28 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 12-2 — Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 



Surface-active agents 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics ' (according to list in table 12-3) 



Nonlonic-Continued 
Carboxylic acid esters-Continued 

Glycerol esters: 
Complex glycerol esters: 

Glycerol diacetyltarlrate monostearate No 

Glycerol mono- and diesters of mixed fatty 

acids No 

Glycerol monoester of mixed fatty acids, 

acetylated No 

Glycerol monoester of mixed fatty acids, 

succinylated No 

All other complex glycerol esters No 

Glycerol esters of chemically defined acids: 

Glycerol dilaurate Yes 

Glycerol monolaurate No 

Glycerol mono-oleate Yes 

Glycerol monoricinoleate No 

Glycerol monostearate Yes 

Glycerol trioctanoate/decanoate No 

All other glycerol esters of chemically defined 

acids No 

Glycerol esters of mixed acids: 

Glycerol diester of lard acids No 

Glycerol monoester of Ce-Cio acids No 

Glycerol monoester of cottonseed oil acids No 

Glycerol monoester of hydrogenated cottonseed 

oil acids No 

Glycerol monoester of hydrogenated lard acids . . No 
Glycerol monoester of hydrogenated soybean oil 

acids No 

Glycerol monoester of lard acids No 

Glycerol monoester of palm oil acids No 

Glycerol monoester of safflower oil acids No 

Glycerol monoester of tall oil acids No 

Glycerol monoester of tallow acids No 

Glycerol sesquiester of hydrogenated tallow 

acids No 

Glycerol triester of mixed fatty acids No 

All other glycerol esters of mixed acids No 

Natural fats and oils, ethoxylated: 

Castor oil, ethoxylated Yes 

Coconut oil, ethoxylated No 

Hydrogenated castor oil. ethoxylated Yes 

Lanolin, ethoxylated Yes 

Mixed fatty acids, alkyl ether, ethoxylated No 

Mixed tall oil and rosin acids, ethoxylated No 

Oleic acid, ethoxylated No 

Oleic acid, ethoxylated and propoxylated No 

Tall oil acids, ethoxylated No 

Tall oil acids, ethoxylated and propoxylated No 

Tall oil. refined, ethoxylated No 

All other natural fats and oils, ethoxylated No 

Polyethylene glycol esters: 
Polyethylene glycol esters of chemically defined 
acids: 

Polyethylene glycol dilaurate Yes 

Polyethylene glycol dioleate Yes 



EKT 

ICI. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

BRD, LEV, RDA, SCP 

CAS, HIP STP. VND. 

BRD, HDG. 

BRD, EFH, ETC, HAL, HDG, PPG. SCP 

STP, SVC, WTC. 

BRD. HDG. 

BRD, CCC. CHL, CPC, HAL. HDG, HRT 

PPG. SCP SQA, STP VND. WM, WTC. 

WM. 

SCP SVC, VND, WTC. (2)(E). 

BRD. SVC. WPG. 

SVC. 

EKT 

EKT WM. 
EKT 

BFP EKT 

EKT. 

EKT 

EKT 

EFH. FER. 

EKT 

PCI. 
SVC. 
BFP EKT, ETC. 

CAS, CPC, CRD, ETC, GAP, HCL. ICI. 

MIL, PPG, RDA. S, SCP SVC, TMH. 

WTC, (2). 
SVC. 

ETC. ICI. MIL. PPG. RDA. SCP 
CRD. HCL. SVC, {'). 

{')■ 
HCL. 
TMH. 
MIL. 

HCL, RDA. 
RDA, (2). 

{')■ 

BAS, CRD. ETC. HDG, MIL. RDA, SCR 



BRD. EFH. ETC. HDG. PPG. STP WM. 
BRD. EFH. HAL. HDG. MIL. OC. PPG. 
QCP SCP SOS. STP (2). (2). 



See footnotes at end of table 



12-29 



Section 12 

Table 12-2 — Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 



Sufiace-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 12-3) 



Nonionic-Continued 
Carbcxylic acid esters-Continued 
Polyethylene glycol esters-Continued 
Polyethylene glycol esters of chemically defined 
aclds-Continued 
Polyethylene glycol distearate Yes 

Polyethylene glycol monocaprylate , No 

Polyethylene glycol monolaurate Yes 

Polyethylene glycol mono-oleate Yes 

Polyethylene glycol monopalmitate Yes 

Polyethylene glycol monopelangonate, 

methoxylated , No 

Polyethylene glycol monopelargonate No 

Polyethylene glycol monoricinoleate No 

Polyethylene glycol monostearate Yes 

Polyethylene glycol monotallate , No 

Polyethylene glycol sesquinoleate No 

Polyethylene glycol terephthalate No 

All other polyethylene glycol esters of 

chemically defined acids No 

Polyethylene glycol esters of mixed acids: 
Polyethylene glycol diester of coconut oil 

acids No 

Polyethylene glycol diester of coconut oil and 

oleic acids No 

Polyethylene glycol diester of mixed liner 

acid/oleic acid No 

Polyethylene glycol diester of tall oil acids Yes 

Polyethylene glycol ester of mixed fatty acids No 

Polyethylene glycol monoester of coconut oil 

acids No 

Polyethylene glycol monoester of tall oil acids No 

Polyethylene glycol (mixed ester) of tall oil 

acids No 

Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of coconut oil 

acids No 

Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of tall oil 

acids No 

Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of tallow acids .... No 
All otherp olyethylene glycol esters of 

mixed acids No 

Polyglycerol esters: 

Hexaglycerol No 

Mixed oleic, lauric, stearic, and palmitic 

hexaglycerol esters No 

Polyglycerol distearate No 

Polyglycerol mono-oleate Yes 

Polyglycerol monostearate Yes 

Triglycerol distearate No 

All other polyglycerol esters No 

Propanediol esters: 

1 ,2-Propanedioldioctanoate/decanoate No 



BRD, ETC, HDG, HIP, PPG, RDA. SBC. 

STP, WTC. 
ECC 
BRd! CCA. ECC, EFH. ENJ. ETC, HAL, 

HDG. ICI, PPG. RDA, STP. 
BOE. BRD. CCA. CRT ECC, EFH, ETC. 

GDC, HAL. HCL. HDG, MRT MRV, OC, 

PPG, SHX. STP SVC. WTC. {^). 
BRD. ETC, HCL. ICI. RDA. 

RDA. 

ETC. SOS. 

ECC. S. 

APC. BRD. CCC, CPC, CRT EFH, ETC. 

GDC, HDG, HRT ICI, LUR, OC. PPG. 

RDA. SCP STP. SVC. VKR. VND. {^){E). 

CCC, PPG. 
SOS. 
BOE, PCI, 

BRD, ETC, HCL. 



PPG. 

EFH. 

PCI. 

ARI, BRD, EFH, ETC, HIP LUR, PAT 

PPG, OCR (2). 
SHX, SOS. 

CRT ICI, LUR. 
BKM. EFH, FER. 

CRT 

ENJ, SCP WPG. 

ICI, SLI^. WTC, C). 
PAT RDA. 

BRD. ETC, LEA, WPG, WTC, (^){E). 

SVC. 

SVC. 

BRD. 

HDG, PPG. WTC. 

BRD, HDG, PPG, SVC. 

PPG. 

BRD. 

SVC. 



See footnotes at end of table 



12-30 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 12-2— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 



Sufiace-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 12-3) 



Nonionic-Continued 
Carboxylic acid esters-Continued 
Propanediol esters-Continued 

1 ,2-Propanediol monolaurate No 

1 ,2-Propanediol mono-oleate No 

1 ,2-Propanediol monostearate Yes 

Other carboxylic acid esters: 

Di-isobutylene maleate No 

ethoxylated 1 ,3-butyiene glycol condensed with 
oil fatly aciEthoxylated 1,3-butylene glycol 

stearate No 

Ethoxylated castor oil. ditridecylmaleate No 

Ethoxylated glycerol and propylene glycol esters 

of coco fatly acids No 

Ethoxylated glycerol sesquiester of mixed fatty 

acids No 

Ethoxylated 1 ,2-propanediol monostearate No 

Ethoxylated and propoxylated glycerol mono- and 

diesters of tallow acids No 

Linoleic acid dimers, alkoxylated No 

Maleic anhydride, polypropylene glycol copolymer . . No 

dMethylglucoside laurate No 

Mixed alkyl benzoate No 

Mixed alkyl stearate No 

Nonyl phenol ethoxylate, oleate No 

Pentaerythritol stearate No 

Polyalkylene glycol oleate No 

Polycarboxylic acid, alkylate No 

Polycarboxylic acid, alkylphenoxyalkoxylate No 

Polypropylene glycol dioleate No 

Propylene glycol esters of hydrogenated palm oil . . No 

All other carboxylic acid esters No 



Ethers: 
Benzenoid ethers: 
Alky Iphenol-formaldehyde condensates, 

alkoxylated No 

t-Amylphenol, ethoxylated No 

Amylphenol-formaldehyde, alkoxylated No 

Bisphenol A. ethoxlated and propoxylated No 

Bisphenol A, ethoxylated No 

P-ten-Butylphenol-formaldehyde, alkoxylated No 

Dinonylphenol, ethoxylated Yes 

Dodecylphenol, ethoxylated Yes 

Epichlorohydrin bisphenol A, ethoxylated No 

Iso-octylphenol, ethoxylated Yes 

(Mixed alkyl)phenol epichlorohydrin-formaldehyde, 

alkoxylated No 

(Mixed alkyl)phenol, ethoxylated No 

(Mixed alkyl)phenol, ethoxylated, butyl ether No 

(Mixed alkyl)phenol-formaldehydG, alkoxylated Yes 

Naphthalene sulfonic acid, polymer with 

formaldehyde, sodium salt No 

B-Naphthol, ethoxylated No 

Naphthalene sulfonic acid, polymer with 

formaldehyde and 4,4-dihydroxydiphenyl sulfone, 

ammonium salt No 



SBC, STP 

EFH. 

BRD. EKT, HAL, PPG, SBC, STP, WM. 

RH. 



HCL. 
UPF. 

SVC. 

SHX. 
ICI. 

SVC. 

{')■ 

PCI. 

HDG, PPG. 

APC. 

SOS. 

EFH. 

BRD, PPG. 

SOS. 

0- 

PG, VND. 

ARI, BRD, ETC, HDG, MOA. PPG. OOP. 
SVC. SYL. WM. (2), (2)(E). 



ETC, {% 

('). 
PPG. 
PPG, RDA. 

ei 

CPC. ETC. GAF. HTN. PPG. RDA. RH. S. 
GAF. MON, RDA. SCP, TMH, 

e). 

BAS. GAF. PPG. RDA. RH, TMH. 

{% 

MIL 

RH 

ENJ, HCL, WTC, (2), (^). 

PCi. 
BAS. 



PCI. 



See footnotes at end of table 



12-31 



Section 12 

Table 12-2 — Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 



Surface-active agents 



Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 
statistics ' (according to list in table 12-3) 



Nonionic-Continued 
Ethers-Continued 
Benzenoid ethers-Continued 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated Yes 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated, phosphate esters No 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and propoxylated Yes 

Nonyl phenol, ethoxylated with mixed fatty acids ... No 

Nonylphenol-formaldehyde, alkoxylated Yes 

Nonyl phenol oleate, ethoxylated No 

nonylphenoxy ethoxycocoate No 

Nonylphenoxypoly(ethyleneoxy)ethyl iodide No 

n-Octylphenol, ethoxylated No 

tert-Octylphenol-lormaldehyde, ethoxylated No 

Phenol, ethoxylated Yes 

Phenol-formaldehyde resin (with lignite) No 

Phenol, propoxylated No 

p-Phenylphenol, all^oxylated No 

p-Phenylphenol, ethoxylated and propoxylated .... No 

Phenylstyrene, ethoxylated No 

Xylenol, ethoxylated No 

All other phenols, ethoxylated No 

Nonbenzenoid ethers: 
Linear alcohols, alkoxylated: 

Butyl alcohol, propoxylated No 

Decyl alcohol, ethoxylated Yes 

Decyloxypoly(ethyleneoxy)ethyl chloride No 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated Yes 

Glycerol, ethoxylated No 

Hexadecyl alcohol, ethoxylated Yes 

Hexadecyl alcohol, propoxylated No 

N-Hexyl alcohol, ethoxylated No 

Isostearyl alcohol, ethoxylated No 

Methyl alcohol, alkoxylated No 

9-Octadecenyl alcohol, ethoxylated Yes 

Octadecyl alcohol, ethoxylated No 

Oleyl alcohol, ethoxylated Yes 

Stearyl alcohol, propoxylated No 

All other chemically defined linear alcohol, 

alkoxylated No 

Coconut oil alcohol, ethoxylated No 

Decyl and octyl alcohols, ethoxylated No 

Decyl and octyl alcohols, ethoxylated and 

propoxylated No 

Mixed linear alcohols, alkoxylated No 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated Yes 



Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated. t>enzyl ether . . No 
Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and 

propoxylated Yes 

Myristyl alcohol, propoxylated No 

Stearyl alcohol, propoxylated No 

Tallow alcohol, ethoxylated No 

Wool wax alcohols, ethoxylated No 

All other mixed linear alcohols, alkoxylated No 

Other ethers and thioethers 



BAS, BRD, CPC, DUP ENJ, ETC, GAP, 
HCL, HDG, HTN, ICI, MIL, MOA, MON, 
CMC, PPG, RDA, RH, S, SCR STP 
TMH, TX, UCC, WPG, WTC, {^), (^). 

CMC. 

RDA, RH, SCP STP TMH, WTC. (^). 

SOS. 

RDA, WTC, (2), (2). 

SOS. 

AMU. 

RDA. 

SCP WTC. 

SDW. 

ETC, GAP, ICI. MIL, PPG, RDA, SCR 

PSP 

RH. 

BAS. 

RDA. 

HCL. 

RDA. 

ETC, GAP, RDA, SCR (^){E). 



WTC. 

BAS, CPC, ENJ, GAR HCL, ICI, S. 

GAR RDA. 

BRD, ENJ, HCL, HDG, ICI, MIL, PPG, {% 

RDA. 

BRD, ICI, RDA, SVC. 

PPG. 

RDA. 

SHX. 

ei 

ETC, GAR ICI, RDA, S. 

GAR HTN, ICI, PPG, SCP 

CPC, CRD, HCL, PPG, RDA, SHX. 

SVC. 

CRD, GAR HDG, RDA, SCP 
ETC, GAR HCL, RDA, TX. 
GAR MIL, SHX, STP 

PPG. 

WTC, (2). 

BAS, DUR ENJ, GAR HCL, HDG, ICI, MIL, 
MOA, RDA. RH, S, SCR SHC, SHX, 
STR TMH, TNA, TX, UCC, VST WTC, 



{')■ 



a 



BAS, DUR ENJ, ETC, GAR MIL, OMC, 
PPG, RDA, S, SCR SHX. STR SVC, 
UCC, (2). 

WTC. 

WTC. 

ENJ, ETC, HCL, PPG, RDA, TX. 

CRD. 

ETC, RDA, RH, SHC. 



See footnotes at end o( table. 



12-32 



Synthenc Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 12-2 — Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 



Surface-active agents 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 12-3) 



Nonlonic-Continued 
Ethers-Continued 
Other ethers and thioethers-Contlnued 

Bis-cumylphenyl-oxoethylenetitanate No 

1,3-Butylene glycol, ethoxylated No 

terl-Dodecyl mercaptan, ethoxylated No 

Glucose, ethoxylated No 

Glycerine, alkoxylated No 

Glycerol, alkoxylated, toluene diisocyanate 

copolymer No 

Isodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated No 

Iso-octyl alcohol, ethoxylated No 

Lignin, ethoxylated No 

Mixed alcohols, ethoxylated Yes 

Poly(epichlorhydrin No 

Polyether diols No 

Polyether triols No 

Polyethoxylate/polypropoxylate dibenzyi ether No 

Polyethylene glycol mono(nonylphenol)ether 

ammonium sulfate No 

Polyethylene glycol, propoxylated No 

Poly(mixed ethylene, propylene)glycol Yes 

Poly(mixed ethylene/propylene glycol) capped with 

alkyl oxirone No 

Poly(oxy- 1 ,2-ethanediy l),a-phenylmethyl-70- 

hydroxy,Ci2 C15 alkyl ethers No 

Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl),a-phenylmethyl-70- 

hydroxy, ethoxylated nonylphenol alkyl ether No 
Polypropylene glycol, alkoxylated, polymer with 

maleic anhydride, acrylic acid, and alkylphenol- 

formaldehyde resin, alkoxylated No 

Polypropylene glycol, ethoxylated No 

Polypropylene glycol glycerol triether, copolymer 

with epichlorhydin bisphenol epoxy resin No 

2,4,7,9-Tetramethyl-5-decyne-4,7-diol, 

ethoxylated No 

Thiodiglycol ethoxylated No 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated No 

Tridecyl alcohol, propoxylated and ethoxylated No 

Trimethylnonyl alcohol, ethoxylated No 

Trimethylolpropane, alkoxylated Yes 

All other ethers and thioethers No 

Other nonionic surface-active agents: 

Cumyl phenolate isopropoxy titanium salt No 

Formaldehyde, dicyandiamide, ethylene sulfate 

polymers No 

(Mixed alkyOphenol alkylenediaminealkanolamine 

formaldehyde No 

Tetra-(2,2-diallyloxymethylene)-1 -butoxy titanium 

bis-(ditridecyl) phosphite No 

Tetra-isopropoxy titanium (bis dioctyl) phosphite No 

Tetra octyloxy titanium (bis-tndecyl phosphite) No 

All other nonionic surlace-active agents No 



KPI. 
HCL. 

ETC, RDA. 
RDA. 



(')■ 

ETC, PPG. 

ETC. 

WVA. 

ENJ, MIL, S, (2). 

(=). 

WTC, 

WTC. 

{')■ 

{')■ 

RDA. 

ETC, UCC, WTC, (\ ('). 

(2). 

PCI. 

PCI. 



BAS. ETC, HCL, HDG, PPG, RDA, SCP, 
WTC,(2). 

{')■ 

SCP 

RDA. 

BAS. CPC, DUP ETC, GAP, HCL. ICI. MIL. 

OMC. PPG. RDA. S. WTC, {^). 

ETC, HTN, PPG, TX. 

UCC. 

BAS, ETC, RDA, WTC. 

BAS, ETC, HCL, OMC, RDA, RH, SCP, {'). 



KPI. 
PCI. 

{')■ 

KPI. 
KPI. 
KPI. 
BAS, BRD, BRI, CGY CLU, CRT DUR ICI, 

KPI, LUR, MIL. MOA, PG, RDA, SCP 

SVC. 



' Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'y^s.' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by no.' 

' The manufacturer did not consent to his identrficatksn with the designated products. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the US International Trade Commission. 



12-33 



Section 12 

Table 12-3 

Surface-active agents: Directory of manufacturers, aiphabetical by code, 1990 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



ACT Climax Perlormance Materials Corp. 

ACY American Cyanamid Co. 

AGP Dial Corp. 

AIR Air Products & Chemicals, Inc. 

AMU RPM American Emulsion Co.. Inc. 

APC Apollo Chemicals Corp. 

APX Apex Chemical Co., Inc. 

ARC Akzo Chemicals, Inc. 

ARD Ardmore Chemical Co.. Inc. 

ARI Atlas Refinery, Inc. 

ARL Aroi Chemical Products Co. 

ARP Armour Pharmaceutical Co. 

ARZ Arizona Chemical Co. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BFP American Ingredients Company 

BKM Buckman Laboratories, Inc. 

BLA Astor Products, Inc., Blue Arrow Div. 

BOE Boehme Filatex, Inc. 

BRD Lonza, Inc. 

BRI Sedgefied Specialities 

BSW Original Bradford Soap Works, Inc. 

CAS CasChem, Inc. 

CCA Akzo Chemicals, Inc. 

CCC C.N.C. International, Inc. 

CCL Catawba-Charlab, Inc. 

CCW Morton International, Inc. 

(Specialty Chemicals Group). 

CGY Ciba-Geigy Corp. 

CHL Chemol Co. 

CHP C. H. Patrick & Co., Inc. 

CIN Stockhausen, Inc. 

CLU CL Industries, Inc. 

CMT Chemithon Corp. 

CON Concord Chemical Co., Inc. 

CP Colgate-Palmolive Co. 

CPC Grant Industries, Inc. 

CRD Croda, Inc. 

CRT Reilly-Whiteman, Inc. 

CTL Continental Chemical Co. 

DAN Dan River, Inc., Chemical Products Div. 

DEX Dexter Chemical Corp. 

DOW Dow Chemical Co. 

DUP E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co.. Inc. 

Chemicals & Pigments Dept. 

ECC Eastern Color & Chemical Co. 

EFH E. R Houghton & Co. 

EKT Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 

EMK Emkay Chemical, Inc. 

ENJ Exxon Chemical Americas 

ENO Enenco, Inc 



ESS Essential Industries, Inc. 

ETC Ethox Chemicals, Inc. 

FER Ferro Corp., Keil Chemical Div. 

FPC Flambeau Paper Corp. 

FTX Finetex. Inc. 

OAF GAF Chemical Corp. 

GDC Gresco Mfg., inc. 

HAL C. P. Hall Co. 

HCL Hoechst Celanese Corp., Sou-Tex 

Works 

HDG Hodag Chemical Corp. 

HEW Hewitt Soap Co., Inc. 

HIP High Point Chemical Corp. 

HMP W. R. Grace & Co., Hampshire 

Chemicals Div. 

and Organic Chemical Div. 

HNT Huntington Laboratories, Inc. 

HPC Hercules, Inc. 

HRT Hart Products Corp. 

HTN Heterene Chemical Co. 

HXL Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Chemical 

Products 

ICI ICI Americas, Inc., Specialty Chemicals 

Div. 

JLP J. L. Prescott Co. 

JRG Andrew Jergens Co. 

JTO Jetco Chemicals, Inc. 

KPI Kenrich Petrochemicals. Inc. 

LEA Leatex Chemical Co. 

LEV Lever Brothers Co. 

LKY Lake States Div. of Rhinelander Paper 

Co. 

LUR Reilly Whiteman, Inc. 

MAR Daishowa Chemicals. Inc. 

MCP Moretex Chemical Products, Inc. 

MIL Milliken & Co., Milliken Chemical Div. 

MOA Mona Industries, Inc. 

MON Monsanto Co. 

MRT Morton International, Inc., 

Morton Chemical Div. 

MRV Marlowe-Van Loan Corp. 

NCC Niacet Corp. 

NES Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co. 

NMC Namico. Inc. 

NPR Safeway Stores, Inc. 

NSC National Starch & Chemical Corp. 

OC Omega Chemicals, Inc. 

OMC Olin Corp. 

PAT Pat-Chem, Inc. 

PCI Piedmont Chemical Industries, Inc. 



See note at end of table 



12-34 



Syntheiic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



Table 12-3 — Continued 

Surface-active agents: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1990 



Code 



Name of company 



Code Name of company 

STP Stepan Chemical Co. 

SVC Capital City Products Co. 

SYL Arizona Chemical Co. 

TCC Sybron Chemicals, Inc. 

TEN Tennessee Chemical Co. 

TMH Harcros Chemicals, Inc. 

TNA Ethyl Corp. 

TNI Gillette Chemical Co. 

TX Texaco Chemical Co. 

UCC Union Carbide Corp., Industrial 

Chemical Div. 

UDI Desoto, Inc. 

UNN United Aniline Co. 

UPF Sloss Industries 

USR Uniroyal Chemical Co., Inc. 

UTC Unitex Chemical Corp. 

VKR Virkler Co. 

VND Van Dyk. Div. of Mallinckrodt. Inc. 

VST Vista Chemical Inc. 

WBG Dryden Oil Co.. White and Bagley Div. 

WHW Whittemore-Wright Co., Inc. 

WM Inolex Chemical Co. 

WPG West Point-Pepperell, Inc., Grifftex 

Chemical Co. Sub. 

WTC Witco Chemical Corp. 

WVA Westvaco Corp. 



PEL Pelron Corp. 

PG Procter & Gamble Co., Procter & 

Gamble Mfg. Co. 

PIL Pilot Chemical Co. 

PNX Murphy-Phoenix Co. 

PPG PPG Industries, Inc. 

PSP Georgia-Pacific Corp., Bellingham Div. 

QCP Quaker Chemical Corp. 

RAY Rayonier Chemical Products, Inc. 

RDA Rhone-Poulenc, Inc. 

RH Rohm & Haas Co. 

RPC Colloids, Inc., Lyndal Div 

RSA R.S.A. Corp. 

S Sandoz, Chemical Corp., Colors & 

Chemicals Div 

SBC Scher Chemicals, Inc. 

SBP SBS Products Inc. 

SCP Henkel Corp. 

SDC Sandoz Chemical Corp. 

SDW Sterling Drug, Inc., 

Sterling Organics Div. 

SHC Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. 

SHX Sherex Chemical Co., Inc. 

SLC Soluol Chemical Co.. Inc. 

SOS SSC Industries, Inc. 

SPA Scott Paper Co. 

SOA Sequa Chemicals, Inc. 



Note. — Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



12-35 



Section 13 
Pesticides and Related Products 

Pesticides and related products include fungicides, 
herbicides, insecticides, rodenucides, and related 
prcxlucts such as plant growth regulators, seed 
disinfectants, soil conditioners, soil fumiganis, and 
synergists. The data are given in terms of 100 percent 
active materials; they exclude such materials as 
diluents, emulsifiers, and welling agents. 

U.S. production of pesticides and related products 
in 1990 amounted to 557 million kilograms, 3 percent 
less than the 572 million kilograms reported for 1989 
(table 13-1). Sales in 1990 were 442 million 
kilograms, a decrease of 4 percent, as compared with 
461 million kilograms reported in 1989; the value of 
sales was S4,774 million in 1990, compared with 
S5,203 million in 1989, a decrease of 8 percent Data 
for production of pesticides and related products during 
1986-90 are shown in figure 13-1. 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Production of cyclic pesticides and related products 
amounted to 361 million kilograms in 1990, 1 percent 
less than the 366 million kilograms produced in 1989. 
Sales in 1990 were 280 million kilograms, valued at 
S3367 million, compared with 287 million kilograms, 
valued at $3,639 mUUon, in 1989. 

Production of acyclic pesticides and related 
products in 1990 amounted to 196 million kilograms, 
compared with 206 million kilograms reported for 
1989. Sales in 1990 were 161 million kilograms, 
compared with 174 million kilograms reported for 
1989; the value of sales was 51,407 million in 1990, 
compared with $1,563 million in 1989. 

Table 1 3-2 lists the products reported in this section 
and indicates the manufacturer(s) of each by code. 
These codes are identified by company name in table 

13-3. 

Stephen Wanser 
202-205-3363 



Figure 13-1 

Pesticides and related products: U.S. production, 1986-90 



Millions 
of kilograms 



700- 



600- 




1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires o) the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



13-1 



Section 13 

Table 13-1 

Pesticides and related products: U.S. production and sales, 1990 



Pesticides and related products 



Sales 



Production Quantity 



Value 



Average 
Unit 
value ' 



1.000 
kilograms 

Grand total 556,875 

Cyclic 

Total 361 .202 

Fungicides^ 38,564 

Herbicides and plant growth regulators, total 260,092 

Phenoxyacetic acid derivatives 20,441 

All other cyclic herbicides" 239,651 

insecticides and rodenticides, total 51 ,968 

Chlorinated Insecticides 1 ,491 

Organophosphorus Insecticides* 25,462 

All other cyclic insecticides and rodenticides® 25,015 

All other cyclic pesticides 10,578 

Acyclic 

Total 195,673 

Fungicides^ 5,149 

Herbicides and plant growth regulators' 56,578 

Insecticides, rodenticides, soil conditioners, and 

fumigants, total 122,938 

Organophosphorus insecticides' 28,622 

N-Methyldithiocarbamic acid (Metham) 17,308 

All other acyclic insecticides, rodenticides. soil 

conditioners, and fumigants'° 77,008 

All other acyclic pesticides 11,008 



1,000 
kilograms 

441.565 



280,112 



32,878 
201.112 



17.642 
183.470 

42.779 



1.404 
19.655 
21.720 

3.343 



161,453 



5,783 
61.223 

83.968 



15,802 
14.563 



53.603 
10.479 



1.000 
dollars 

4.774.345 



3.366.910 



249,780 
2,306.188 



51.343 
2.254.845 



792.426 



12.028 
332.019 
448.379 

18.516 



1 .407.435 



33.611 
886.194 

425.797 



215.286 
19.643 

190.868 
61.833 



Per 
kitogram 

$10.81 



12.02 

7.60 

11.47 

2.91 
12.29 

18.52 

8.57 
16.89 
20.64 

5.54 



8.72 

5.82 

14.47 

5.07 

13.62 
1.35 

3.56 
5.90 



' Calculated from unrounded figures. 

^ Includes benomyl, captan, chlorothalonil, DMTT, foipet, pipron, and others. 

^ Reported data were accepted in confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 

* Includes alachlor. atrazine, benefin, bensulide, 2,4-D and other2,4-D esters and salts, dicamba. dinitrophenot 
compounds, diuron, DNBP, isopropyl phenylcarbamates (IPC and CIPC), maleic hydrazide, molinate, NPA. picloram, 
prometon, triazines, trifluralin, plant growth regulators, and others. 

' Includes diazinon, methyl parathion, and other phosphorothloates and phosphorodithioates. 

^ Includes carbaryl, chlorinated Insecticides (chlordan, heptachlor, and others), insect attractants, DEET and other 
insect repellents, small amounts of rodenticides, and others. 

' Includes dithiocarbamates. 

^ Includes butylate, EPTC, methanearsonic acid salts, thiocarbamates, and organophosphorus herbicides, and 
others. 

^ Includes acephate, disuHoton. ethion. malathion, phorate, and other organophosphorus insecticides. 

'° Includes, methyl bromide, soil conditioners and fumigants, small quantities of rodenticides, and others. 

Note. — Does not include data for the insect fumigant, p-dichlorobenzene, nor the fungicide, o-phenylphenol. These 
data are included in the section on "Cyclic Intermediates.' It also does not include data for the fungicides, 
dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt and dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt (i.e., ziram). These data are 
included in the section on "Rubber-Processing Chemicals." The data for ethylene dibromide, a fumigant, are Included 
in the "Miscellaneous End-Use Chemicals and Chemical Products" section. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



13-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 13-2 

Pesticides and related products for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 

Pesticides and related products Separate Mar)ufacturers ' identHicatior) codes 

statistics ' (accordirig to list in table 13-3) 

Cyclic: Yes 

Fungicides: Yes 

2.6-Bis(dimethylaminomethyl)cyclohexanone No FER. 

2-Bromo-4'-hyclroxyacetophenone No BKM. 

a-(2-Chlorophenyl)-a-{4-chlorophenyl)-5- 

pyrimidinemethanol No LIL. 

a-(2-Chlorophenyl)-a-(4-fluorophenyl)-5- 

pyrimidinemethanol No LIL. 

2.4-Dichloro-6-(o-chloroanilino)-s-tria2ine No CHG. 

1,4-Dichloro-2,5-dimethoxybenzene (Chloroneb) ... No CHF. 

Hexahydro-1,3,5-triethyl-s-triazine No VNC. 

Hexahydro-1,3,5-tri{2-hydroxyethyl)-s-triazine No (^. 

2-MercaptobGnzothiazole, sodium salt No (^. 

Methyl-1-(butylcarbamoyl)-2-benzimidazolecarbamate 

(Benomyl) No DUP. 

3-(2-Methylpiperidino)propyl-3,4-dichlorobenzoate 

(Pipron) No LIL. USR. 

Naphthenic acid.copper salt No CCA, MCI, NOD, TRO. 

2-n-Octyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one No RH. 

Pentachloronitrobenzene (PCNB) No AMV. 

Pentachlorophenol, sodium salt No FRO. 

8-Quinolinol, copper salt No NOD. 

2,4,5,6-Tetrachloroisophthalonitrile No SDS. 

Tetrahydro-3,5-dimethyl-2H-1,3,5-thiadiazine-2- 

thione (DMTT) No BKM, MRK, VCC. 

2-{Thiocyanomethylthio)benzothiazole No BKM. 

N-Trichloromethylthio-4-cyclohGxene-1,2- 

dicarboximide (Captan) No ICI, VNC. 

All other cyclic fungicides No CHD, NOD. 

Herbicides and plant growth regulators: Yes 

3-Amino-2,5-dichtorobenzoic acid, ammonium salt 

(2,5-Dichloro-3-aminobGnzoic acid, ammonium salt) . No RDA. 

4-Amino-6-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-3-(methylthb)-1,2,4- 

triazin-5-(4H)-one No CHG, DUP. 

4-Amino-3,5,6-trichloropicolinic acid (Picloram) No DOW. 

S-benzyl thiocarbamate No ICI. 

4,6-Bis(isopropylamino)-2-methoxy-s-triazine 

(Prometon) No CGY. 

2,4-Bis(isopropylamino)-6-(methylthio)-s-triazine 

(Prometryn) No CGY. 

5-Bromo-3-sec-butyl-6-methyluracil (Bromacil) No DUP. 

2-(sec-Butylamino)-4-ethylamino-6-mGthoxy-s- 

triazine No CGY. 

2-(tGn-Butylamino)-4-ethylamino-6-(mGthylthio)-s- 

triazinG No CGY. 

3-tGn-Butyl-5<hloro-6-mGthyluracil No DUP. 

N-Butyl-N-Gthyl-a,a,a-trilluoro-2,6-dinitro-p- 

toluidine (Benefin) No LIL. 

Butyl 2-[4-[[5-(trltluoromGthyl)-2-pyridinyl]oxy]- 

phGnoxyJpropanoatG No (^). 

1 -(cart>OGthoxy)Gthyl 5-[2-chloro-4-(tri1luoromGthyl) 

phGnoxy)-2-nitrobGnzoatG No SOC. 

2-Chloro-4,6-bis(Gthylamino)-s-triazinG (Simazine) . . No CGY. 

2-Chloro-4.6-bis(isopropylamino)-s-triazinG 

(Propazine) No CGY. 

2-Chloro-2',6-diGthyl-N-(n-butoxymGthyl)- 

acGtanilidG (Butachlor) No MNA. 



See footnotGs at Gnd of table. 



13-3 



Sec lion 13 

Table 13-2— Continued 

Pesticides and related products for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 

Pesticides and related products Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 

statistics ' (according to list in table 13-3) 

Cyclic-Continued 
Herbicides and plant growth regulators-Contlnue<l 

2-Chloro-2',6'-diethyl-N-(mGthoxymethyl)acetanilide 

(Alachlor) No I^NA. 

2-Chloro-N-ethoxymetliyl-N-(2-ethyl-6-methyiphenyl)- 

acetamide (Acctochlor) No MNA. 

2-Chloro-1-(3-ethoxy-4-nitrophenoxy)-4- 

(trifluoromethyl)benzene (Oxyfluorfen) No RH. 

2-Chloro-4-(ethylammo)-6-(isopropylamlno)-$- 

triazine (Atrazine) No CGY, DUP. 

2-[4-Chloro-6-(ethylamino)-s-tria2in-2-ylafnino]-2- 

methylpropionitrile (Cyanazine) No DUP. 

2-Chloro-N-isopropylacetaniiide (Propachlor) No MNA. 

2-Chloro-N-[(4-methoxy-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazln-2-yl)- 

aminocartx)nyl]benzenesulfonamide No DUP. 

2-{4-Chloro-2-methylphenoxy)propionicacid, 

dimethylamine sail No RIV. 

2-{2-Chlorophenyl)methyl-4,4-dimethyl-3- 

isoxazolinono No FMN. 

5-[2-Chloro-4-(trifluoromethyi)phenoxy)-2- 

introk)enzoic acid, sodium salt No BAS. 

3-Cyclohexyl-6-(dlmethylamino)-1-methyl-1.3,5- 

triazine-2,4-(1 H,3H)-dione No DUP. 

3.5-Dibromo-4-hydroxybGnzonitriie (Bromoxynil) .... No RDA. 

3,6-Dichloro-2-anisic acid (Dicamba) No ZOO. 

2,6-DichlorobGnzonitrile No USR. 

2-(2,4-Dichlorophenoxy)propionicacid, 

dimethylamine salt No RIV. 

2-(2,4-Dichlorophenoxy)propionicacid, isooctyl 

ester No RIV. 

3-(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea(Diuron) ... No DUP. 

3-(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)-1 -methoxy-1 -methylurea 

(Linuron) No DUP. 

2-(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-1,2.4- 

oxadiazolidine-3,5-dione (Methazoie) No ZOO. 

1-[-(2,4-Dichlorophenyl)4-propyl-1,3-dioxolan-2- 

ylmethyi]-1H-1,2,4-triazole No 101. 

3'.4'-Dichloropropionanilide (Propanil) No CED, CYT, RH. 

3,7-Dichioro-8-quinolinic Acid No NES. 

S-(0,0-Diisopropyl phosphorodithioate) ester of N- 

(a-mercaptoethyl)benzenesulfonamide (Bensulide) No ICI. 

1,1'-Dimethyl-4,4'-bipyridiniumdichloride No {'). 

Dimethyl-2,3,5,6-tetrachloroterephthalate (DCPA) . . No SDS. 

2,6-Dinrtro-N,N-dipropyl cumidino No LIL. 

2-(Ethylamino)-4-(isopropyiamino)-6-(methyithio)-s- 

triazine (Ametryne) No CGY. 

Ethyl 2-(4-chloro-6-methoxypyrimidin-2-yi)- 

amino cartKinyl amino sulfonyi benzoate 

(Chlorimuron ethyl) No DUP. 

S-Ethylcyclohexylmethylthiocarbamate No ICI. 

S-Ethyl-hexahydro-1 H-azepine-l -carbothbate 

(Molinate) No ICI. 

(-)-5-Ethyl-2-(-4-isopropyl-4-methyl-5-oxo-2- 

imidazolin-2-yicotinlc acid No ACY. 

N-[3-(1 -Ethyl-I •methylpropyl)-5-isoxazolyll-2,6- 

dimethoxybenzamide (Flexidor) No LIL. 

N-(1-Ethylpropyl)-3,4-dimethyl-2,6- 

dinrtrobenzenamine No ACY. 

See footnotes at end of table. 
13-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 13-2— Continued 

Pesticides and related products for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 

Pesticides and relat9d products Separate Manufacturers ' identificatbn codes 

statistics ' (accordir)g to list ir) table 13-3) 

Cyclic-Continued 
Herbicides and plant growth regulators-Continued 

Imazaquin 2-4,5-dihydro-4-methyl-4-(1 -methylethyl)- 

5-0X0-1 hidazol-2-ylquinoline-carboxylic acid No ACY. 

Imazebethbenz methyl ester (cl222,293) No ACY. 

Isopropyl N-{3-chlorophenyl)carbamate (CIPC) No SOC. 

Methyl 3- No DUP. 

2-(2-Methyl-4-chlorophenoxy)propionic acid, iso- 

odyl ester No RIV. 

1-(2-Methylcyclohexyl)-3-phenylurea(Siduron) No ADC, DUP. 

Methyl 2-(4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)- 
amino carbonyl amino sultonyl methyl benzoate 

(Bensulfuron) (Londax) No DUP 

Methyl 2-[[[[(4,6-dimethyl-2-pyrlmidinyl)amino]- 

carbonyl]amino]sulfonyl]benzoate No DUP. 

methyl 2(4-methoxy-6-methyl-1 ,3,5-triazin2-yl)- 
amlno carbonyl amino sulfonyl benzorle 

(Metsulfuron methyl) No DUP. 

Methyl 2-[[[[N-(4-methoxy-6-methyl-1 ,3,5-tna2in-2- 

yl)thylamino]carbonyl]amino]sulfonyl]benzoate ... No DUP. 

1-Methyl-3-phenyl-5-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]- 

4(1H)-pyridone(Fluridone) No LIL. 

N-1 -Naphthylphthalamic acid (NPA) No USR. 

Nicotinic acid. 2-(4-isopropyl-4-methyl-5-oxo-2- 

imidazolin-l) No ACY. 

7-Oxabicyclo-(2.2.1]-heplane-2,3-dicarboxylicacid, 

disodium salt (Endothall) No PAS. 

Phenoxyacetic acid derivatives: Yes 

4-Chloro-2-methylphenoxyaceticacid. 

dimethylamine salt No RIV. 

4-Chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid, iso-octyl 

ester No RIV. 

2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, esters and salts: 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2.4-D) No DOW. 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid,2-butoxyethyl 

ester No DOW. 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, sec-butyl ester . No DOW. 

2, 4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, dimethylamine 

salt No DOW, PBI, RIV 

2.4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid,ethanolamine and 

isopropanolamine salts No DOW. 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, iso-octyl ester . . No DOW, RIV. 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, isopropyl ester . No AMV. 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, lithium salt .... No GTH. 

All other 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, esters 

and salts No ICI. 

Plant growth regulators: No 

N-[(Acetylamino)methyl]-2-chloro-N-(2,6- 

dlethylphenyl)acetamide No MNA. 

2-Chloro-N-(2,6-dinitro-4-(trilluoromethyl)phenyl) 

-N-ethyl-6-fluorobenzenemethanamine No CGY. 

(i-(4-Chlorophenyl)methyl-a-(1 , 1 -dimethylethyl)-1 , 

2,4-triazole-1 -ethanol No (^). 

a-Cyclopropyl-a-(p-methoxyphenyl)-5-pyrimidine 

methanol (Ancymidol) No LIL. 

2,3-Dihydro-5,6-dimethyl-1 .4-dithiin-1 ,1 ,4,4- 
tetraoxide No NES. 

See footnotes at end of table. 

13-5 



Section 13 

Table 13-2 — Continued 

Pesticides and related products for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 

Pesticides and related products Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 

statistics ' (according to list in table 13-3) 

Cyclic-Continued 
Herbicides and plant growth regulators-Continued 

1 ,2-Dihydro-3,6-pyrida2inedione (Maleic 
hydrazide) (MH) No DRX, USR. 

1 ,1 -Dimethylpiperidinium chloride No BAS. 

N-[2,4-dimethyl-5-[[trifluoromethyl]sulfonyl]- 
amlno]phenyl]acetamlde, diethanolamine salt . . No MMM. 

Gibberellic acid No ABB. 

a-(1-methylethyl-x- 4-trifluore-methoxy phenyl)-5- 

pyrimidinemethanol (Flurprimidol) No LIL. 

a, a, a-Trifluoro-2,6-dinitro-N,N-dipropyl-p- 

toluidine (Trifluralin) No LIL. 

a.a,a-Trifluoro-2,6-dinitro-N-ethyl-N-(2-methyl-2- 

propenyl)-p-toluidine (Ethylfluralin) No LIL. 

All other cyclic herbicides No DOW, FRI, 101, RH, SOC. 

Insect attractants and repellents: No 

N,N-Diethyltoluamide (DEET) No TNA, (^). 

All other Insect attractants No ('). 

Insecticides: Yes 

Bacillus thuringiensis No ABB, DUP, ZOO. 

Bis{pentachloro-2,4-dicyclopentadien-1-yl) No ZOO. 

2,3,4,5-5^-Butenylene-tetrahydrofurfural No PLC. 

2-{p-tert-Butylphenoxy)cyclonexyl-2-propynyl 

sulfite No USR. 

Cyano-3-phenoxyben2yl-cis, t^ans-3-(2,2- 
dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dlmethylcyclopropane 

carboxylate No (^). 

Cyano(3-phenoxyphenyl)methyl-4-chloro-a-(1- 

methylethyl)benzeneacetate No DUP. 

Cyclic insecticides, all other No FMN, ZOC, (^). 

N-cyclopropyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6-lriamine No CGY. 

Cypermethrin No CED, FMN. 

0,0-DiethylO-{2-diethylamlno-6-methyl-4- 

pyrimidlnyljphosphorothioate No ('). 

2,3-Dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-7- 

benzofuranyl[(dibutylamino)thio]methyl carbamate No FMN, NES. 

2,3-Dihydro-2.2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranyl 

methylcarbamate No FMN. 

2,3-dihydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-7-ben2ofuranyl No (^). 

5, 6-Dimethyl-2-dimethylamino-4-pyrimidinyl dimethyl 

carbamate No FSN. 

Di-n-propylisocinchomeronate No MGK. 

Distinnaxane, hexakis(2-methyl-2-phenylpropyl) .... No DUP. 

0-ethyl S,s-di-sec-butyl phosphorodithioate No FMN. 

Methyl 3-(2,2-dichloroethenyl)-2,2-dimethyl-3<yano- 

3-phenoxyphenylcyclopropanecartx)xylate No FMN. 

1-Naphthyl N-methylcarbamate (Carbaryl) No RDA. 

3-(Phenoxyphenyl) methyl-cis, trans-3-(2,2 

dichloroethenyl)-2,2-dimethyl 

cyclopropanecarboxylate No FMN, (^). 

Tetrahydro-3,5-dimethyl-2(1H)-pyrimidinone[3-[4- 

(tritluoromethyl)phenyl]- 1 -[2-[4-(lrif luoromethyl) 

phenyl]ethenyll-2-propenylldine]hydrozone No ACY. 

Chlorinated insecticides: Yes 

Heptachloro-tetrahydro-endo-methanoindene 
(Heptachlor) No VEL. 

Octachlorohexahydro-4,7-methanoindene 
(Chlordan) No VEL. 

See footnotes at end of table 



13-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 13-2 — Continued 

Pesticides and related products (or which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 

Pesticides and related products Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 

statistics ' (according to list in table 13-3) 

Cyclic-Continued 
Insecticides-Continued 

1 ,1 ,1 -Trichloro-2,2-bis(p-methoxyphenyl)ethane 

(Methoxychlor) No CHF. 

All other chlorinated insecticides, cyclic No DUP. 

Organophosphorus insecticides: Yes 

0-(2-(Diethylamino)-6-methyl (4-pyrimidinyl) O.O- 

dimethyl phosphrothioate No (*). 

0,0-DiethylO-(2-isopropyl-4-methyl-6-pyrimidinyl) 

phosphorothioate (Diazinon) No CGY. 

0,0-Diethyl 0-3,5, 6-trichloro-2-pyridyi 

phosphorothioate No DOW. 

0,0-Dimethyl S-((4-oxo-1 ,2,3-benzotriazin-3(3H)- 

yl)methyl]phosphorodithioate (Azinphos-methyl) No CHG, DUP. 

N-(Mercaptomethyl)phthalimideS-(0,0- 

dimethylphosphorodithioate) No ICI. 

0,0'-(Thiodi-4, 1 -pheny lene)bis(0,0-<Jimethyl 

phosphorothioate (Temphos) No ICI. 

All other organophosphorus insecticides, cyclic, . . No (^. 

Rodenticides: No 

3-{a-Acetonylben2yl)-4-hydroxycoumarin (Warlarin) . No MOT. 

3-[3-(4'-Bromo[1 , 1 •-biphenyl]-4-yl)-1 .2,3,4- 
tetrahydro-1 -naphthalenyl]-4-hydroxy-2H-1 - 

benzopyran-2-one No (*). 

2-Diphenylacetyl-1,3-indandione and sodium salt ... No MOT. 

2-lsovaleryl-1,3-indandione No MOT. 

2-Pivaloyl-1 ,3-indandione{Pindone) No MOT. 

All other cyclic pesticides; Yes 

a-[2-(2-n-Butoxyethoxy)ethoxy]-4.5-methylenedioxy-2- 

propyltoluene(Piperonyl butoxide) No ALP, TNA. 

N,N-<Jiallyl-2,2-dichloroacetamide No ICI. 

N-(2-Ethylhexy l)bicyclo(2.2. 1 )-5-heptene-2,3- 

dicarljoximide No MGK. 

1 -Methyl-3.5,7-tria2a-1 -azonia tricyclodecane 

chloride No BKM. 

2.2.5-Trimethyl-3-(dichloroacetyl)-1,3-oxazolidine . . . No ICI. 

All other pesticides and related products,cyciic No GTL, (^. 

Acyclic: Yes 

Fungicides: Yes 

Bis-1,4-bromoacetoxy-2-butene No VIN. 

Disodiumcyanodithioimidocartxjnate No BKM. 

n-Dodecylguanidine acetate (Dodine) No ACY, MRK. 

Methylenebis(thiocyanate) No VIN. 

Poly[oxyethylene(dimelhylimino)- 

ethylene(dimethylimino)ethylenedichloride] .... No BKM. 

Dithiocarbamic acid fungicides: 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, manganese salt No ALC. 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, potassium salt No BKM. 

Ethylene bis(dithiocarbamic acid),disodium salt 

(Nabam) No ALC, VCC. 

Ethylene bis(dithiocarbamic acid), manganese salt 

with zinc ions No DUP. 

Hydroxymethyl(methyl)dithiocarbamicacid, 

potassium salt No BKM. 

N-Methyldithiocarbamic acid, potassium salt No BKM. 

All other fungicides No MRK. 



See footnotes at end of table 



13-7 



Section 13 

Table 13-2 — Continued 

Pesticides and related products for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1990 

Pesticides and related products Separate Manufacturers ' identification codas 

statistics ' (according to list in table 13-3) 

Acyclic: Yes 

Herbicides and plant growth regulators: Yes 

S-Ethyl diisobutytthiocarbamate (Butylate) No ICI. 

S-Ethyl dipropylthlocarbamate (EPIC) No ICI. 

Methanearsonic acid.disodium salt (DSMA) No VIN. 

Fungicides: Yes 

Methanearsonic acid.dodecyl- and octyl- ammonium 

salts No VIN. 

Methanearsonic acid, monosodium salt (MSMA) .... No SDS, VIN. 

N-(Phosphonomethyl)glycine, isopropylamine salt ... No MNA. 

S-Propyl butylethylthiocarbamate (Pebulate) No ICI. 

S-Propyl dipropylthlocarbamate (Vernolate) No ICI. 

Thiocyanic acid, methylene ester No BKM. 

Plant growth regulators: No 

6-Benzyledenine (bap) No ABB. 

2-(Chloroethyl)phosphonic acid No RDA. 

N-(Phosphonomethyl)glycine, sodium sesqui salt . No MNA. 

All other plant growth regulators, acyclic No DOW, USR. 

Acyclic herbicides No DUP. VIN. 

Insecticides: Yes 

Ethyl 3,7,11-trimethyldodeca-2,4-dienoate No ZOC. (^). 

Isopropyl- 1 1 -methoxy-3,7,1 1 -trimethyldodeca-2,4- 

dienoate No ZOC. ('). 

Methyl N',N'-dimethyl-N-[(methylcarbamoyl)oxy)-1- 

thiooxamidate No DUP. 

S-Methyl-N-[{methylcarbamoyl)oxy]thioacetimidate 

(Methomyl) No DUP RDA. 

2-Methyl-2-(methylthio)propionaldehydeO- 

(methylcarbamoyl)oxime (Aldicarb) No RDA. 

2-propynyl3,7,11-trimethyl-(2e,4e)-dodecadienoate . No ('). 

N,N'-thiobis-(methylimino)carbonyloxy bis 

ethanimidothiate No RDA. 

Organophosphorus insecticides: Yes 

S-[1,2-Bis(ethoxycart)onyl)ethyl]0,0-dimethyl 

phosphorodithioate (Malathion) No ACY. 

2-Carbomethoxy-1 -propen-2-yl dimethyl 

phosphate No AMV. 

1 ,2-Dibromo-2,2-dichloroethyl dimethyl phosphate 

(Naled) No AMV. 

0,0-DiethylS-[(ethylthio)methyl] 

phosphorodithioate (Phorate) No ACY. 

3-(Dimethoxyphosphinyloxy)-N,N-dimethyl-cis- 

crotonamide No DUP. 

0,S-Dimethylacetylphosphoramidothioate 

(Acephate No SOC. 

0,0-Dimethyl-0-2,2-dichlorovinyl phosphate 

(DDVP) No AMV. 

S-[[( 1 , 1 -Dimethylethy l)thio]methyl] 0,0-diethyl 

phosphorodithioate (Turbutos) No ACY. 

Dimethyl phosphate of 3-hydroxy-N-methyl-cis- 

crotonamide No DUP. 

0,0,0',0'-Tetraethyl S,S'-methylene 

bisphosphorodithioate (Ethion) No FMN. 

Rodenticides: No 

2-Hydroxyethyl n-octyl sulfide No PLC. 

Sodium (luoroacetate No TUL. 

Soil conditioners: No 

Polyacryionitrile.hydrolyzed, sodium salt No ACY. 

See footnotes at end ot table. 
13-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 13-2 — Continued 

Pesticides and related products for which U.S. production and/or saiss war* raportad, Wantlfiad by 

manufacturer, 1990 

Pesticides and related products Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 

statistics ' (according to Ust in table 13-3) 

Acyclic: 

Soil fumigants: No 

1 ,3-Dichloropropene No DOW. 

0-Ethyl S,S-dipropyl phosphorodithioate No RDA. 

Methyl bromide (Bromomethane) No GTL. 

N-Methyldithiocarbamic acid.sodium salt (Metham) . . Yes BKM, CED, ICI. 

Trichloronitromethane (Chloropicrin) No LCP. NLO, WCL. 

All other soil fumigants. etc No AMV. MRT. 

All other acyclic pesticides: Yes 

3-Alkoxy-2-hydroxypropyl trimethyl ammonium 

chloride No (^. 

Ammonium oxydiethylenebis (alkly dimethyl chloride) 

Alkyl-40% C,2. 50% Cu. 10% Ce No BKM. 

Bromoacetic acid No VIN. 

N-Cocoalky I- 1.3-propylenediamine acetate No (*). 

2-[(Hydroxymethyl)amino]-2-methylpropanol No TRO. 

2-(Hydroxymethyl)ethanol No TRO. 

3-lodo-2-propynyl butylcarbamate No TRO. 

All other pesticides and related products, acyclic No DOW. USR. ZOC. 

1 Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated t>y Vas.' Chamicais lor which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'no.' 

2 The manufacturer did not consent to his identifcation with the designated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received In response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



13-9 



Section 13 

Table 13-3 

Pesticides and related products: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1990 



Code Name of company 

ABB Abbott Laboratories 

ACY American Cyanamid Co. 

ADC Anderson Development Co. 

ALC AIco Chemical Corp. 

ALP Alpha Laboratories. Inc. 

AMV Amvac Chemical Corp. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BKM Buckman Laboratories, Inc. 

CCA Al^zo Chemicals, Inc. 

CED Cedar Chemical Co. 

CGY Ciba-Geigy Corp. 

CHD Chemdesign Corp. 

CHF Kincaid Enterprises, Inc. 

CHG Mobay Chemical Crop., Agricultural 

Chemicals Div. 

CYT Cumberland International Corp. 

DOW Dow Chemical Co. 

DRX Drexel Chemical Corp. 

DUP E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. 

Agricultural Products 

FER Ferro Corp., Bedford Chemical Div. 

FMN FMC Corp., Agricultural Chemical 

Group 

FRI Farmland Industries, Inc. 

FRO Vulcan Materials Co., Chemicals Div. 

FSN Nor-am Chemical Co. 

GTH Guth Corp. 

GTL Great Lakes Chemical Corp. 

ICI ICI Americas, Inc., Agricultural 

Chemicals Div. 

LCP LCP Chemicals-Maine 



Code Name of company 

LIL Eli Lilly & Co. 

MCI Mooney Chemicals, Inc. 

MGK McLaughlin Gormley King Co. 

MMM Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co. 

MNA Monsanto Agricultural Co. 

MOT Motomco, Ltd. 

MRK Merck & Co., Inc. 

MRT Morton International, Inc., Morton 

Chemical Div. 

NES Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co. 

NLO Niklor Chemical Co., Inc. 

NOD Huls America. Inc. 

PAS Atochem North America, Inc. 

PBI PBI-Gordon Corp. 

PLC Phillips 66 Co. 

RDA Rhone-Poulenc, Inc. 

RH Rohm & Haas Co. 

RIV Riverdale Chemk:al Co. 

SDS Fermenta, ASC Corp. 

SOC Chevron Corp., Chevron Chemical Co. 

TNA Ethyl Corp. 

TRO Troy Chemical Corp. 

TUL Tull Chemical Co., Inc. 

USR Uniroyal Chemical Co., Inc. 

VCC Vinings Chemical Co. 

VEL Velsicol Chemical Corp. 

VIN Vineland Chemical Co., Inc. 

VNC Vanderbilt Chemical Corp. 

WCL Wright Corp. 

ZOC Sandoz Crop Protection 



Note — Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



13-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



Section 14 

Miscellaneous End-Use Chemicals 

and Chemical Products 

This section incorporates those end-use groups 
which are not readily classifiable within the prior sections 
of this report. Both cyclic and acyclic chemicals fall 
within this section. Production and sales of the end-use 
chemicals contained within this section continue to 
follow a general increase since 1986. 

In 1990, the production of miscellaneous end-use 
chemicals amounted to 14,992 million kilograms, an 
increase of 1 1 percent from the caculaied 1 3,S03 million 
kilograms of production for 1989 (table 14-1). 
Production of these chemicals steadily increased 
throughout 1986-90 (figure 14-1). Sales in 1990 totaled 
10,737 million kilograms, valued atS9,71 1 million (table 
14-1). The sales quantity increased 16 percent from that 
of 1989 with the value of sales decreasing by 0.5 percent 
Polymers for fibers and end uses of luea collectively 



accounted for 52 percent of the 1 990 production of these 
miscellaneous end-use chemicals. The total published 
end-uses for urea accounted for 49 percent of the 1990 
sales quantity of these chemicals. 

Production of end-use chemicals used in the auto and 
motor fuels market indicated continued upward trends. 
Production of fuel additives for 1990 totaled 4,224 
million kilograms, an increase of 5.9 percent from the 
previous year. Approximately 95.4 percentof production 
in this category was methyl t-butyl ether. The increase of 
147 percent in reported production from 1 987 isdue to the 
increasing demand for this chemical as an octane 
enhancer as well as adjustments to production data for 
companies that had failed legal reporting requirements. 

Table 14-2 lists the products reported in this section 
and indicates the manufacturer(s) of each by code. These 
codes are identified by company name in table 14-3. 

David G. Michels 
202-205-3352 



Figur* 14-1 

Miscellaneous End-Use Chemicals and Chemical Products: U.S. production, 1986-90 

Billions 
o1 kilograms 



20. 



is- 



le- 




1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the US International Trade Commission. 



14-1 



Section 14 



Table 14-1 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products: U.S. production and sales, 



1990 



Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products 





Sales 




Average 
Unit 


Production 


Quantity 


Value 


value ' 


1.000 
kilograms 


1.000 
kilograms 


1.000 
dollars 


Per 
kilogram 


14.992,023 


10,736,749 


9.711.364 


$1.05 


137.248 


101,448 


151,392 


1.49 


2.824 


1.889 


3,473 


1.84 


879 


781 


3,123 


3.95 


45.984 


24,542 


41,837 


1.71 


4.005 


1.230 


2,890 


1.35 


83.556 


73.006 


100,069 


1.37 


5 


3 


435 


145.00 


609 


558 


34,564 


61.94 






19.930 

3.326 

21 ,408 





4.224.660 


1 ,935,600 


1,200,813 


.62 


4.029.748 
194.912 


1 .800,089 
135,511 


826,640 
374,173 


.46 
2.76 


387,172 


343,627 


548,318 


1.60 


4,175 

96,647 

286.350 


3,658 

95,044 

244,925 


7,592 
141,129 
399,597 


2.08 
1.48 
1.63 


3.650 


3,401 


13.192 


3.88 


1,105 
2.545 


1,001 
2,400 


5,476 
7,716 


5.47 
3.88 


8.399 


4,601 


71,312 


15.50 


2.358,523 


1,379,071 


4,817,834 


3.44 


1.090,301 

220,703 

1,047.519 


1.379.071 


4,817,834 


3.49 



Grand total 

Chelating agents, nitnloacids and salts, total . . . . 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)letraacetic acid (EDTA) . . . . 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium 

salt 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetio acid, tetrasodium 

salt 

(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo)triaceticacid, 

trisodium salt 

All other chelating agents, nitriloacids attd 

salts 

Chemical indicators 

Chemical reagents and fine chemicals 

Enzymes: 

Bacterial amylase 

Other hydrolytic enzymes 

Rennin 

Fuel additives. totaP 

Methyl t-butyl ether** 

All other fuel additives 

Lubricating oil and grease additives, total 

Oil soluble petroleum sulfonate, barium salt . . 
Oil soluble petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt . . 
All other lubricating oil and grease additives . . 

Paint driers, naphthenic acid salts, total*' 

Cobalt naphthenate 

All other paint driers 

Photographic chemicals 

Polymers for fibers, total* 

Nylon 6 and 6/6" 

Polyacrylonitrile and acrylonitrile copolymers* . 
All other polymers for fibers 

See footnotes at end of table. 



14-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



Table 14-1 — Continued 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products: U.S. production and sales, 1990 



Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Average 
Unit 
value ' 



1.000 
kilograms 

Polymers lor fibers — Continued 

Polymers, water soluble, total 309,661 

Hydroxethylcellulose 15,456 

Polyacrylic acid salts, total 136,928 

Sodium ammonium polyacrylate and 

copolymers 61 .027 

All other polyacrylic acid salts 75,901 

All other water soluble polymers 1 57,277 

Poly-a-olefins 69,427 

Tanning materials synthetic 23,215 

Textile chemicals, other than surface -active 

agents 22,442 

Urea in compounds or mixtures: 

In feed compounds 573,631 

In liquid fertilizer 1,1 40,976 

In solid fertilizer 3,740,966 

All other miscellaneous end-use chemicals and 

chemical products' 1,991,439 



1.000 
kilograms 



264,719 



115,966 
55,840 



1.000 
dollars 



768,531 



271,433 
121.231 



Per 
kilogram 



$2.90 

{') 

2,34 

2.17 



60,126 


150,202 


2.50 


148,753 


497,098 


2.43 


50,228 


88,246 


1.76 


10,796 


20,239 


1.87 


19,798 


30,314 


1.53 


551.155 


62,441 


.11 


1,037,209 


178,832 


.17 


3,682,092 


499,162 


.14 


1,352,443 


1,181,075 


.87 



' Calculated from unrounded figures. 

^ Reported data were acceptoo in confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 
' Statistics exclude production and sales of tricresyl phosphate. Statistics on tricresyl phosphate are given with the 
section on "Plasticlzers." 

* The difference between the production reported here and that shown on the Preliminary Report on U.S. 
Production oi Selected Organic Chemicals (including Synthetic Plastics and Resins Materials. 1989. results from a 
combination of incorrect reporting by some companies, end-of-year inventory adjustment, and rounding. 

* Production totals shown for this chemical include quarterly production data in instances where companies 
reported inaccurate annual data or failed to report annual data. Totals also include reporting by companies which 
failed to report on a quarterly basis. 

* Quantities are given on the basis of solid naphthenate. 

' Statistics exclude production and sales of copper naphthenate Statistics for copper naphthenate are given in the 
section on "Pesticides and Related Products." 

* Quarterly production data for polyethylene terephthalate are incorrect reporting Annual production figures 
cannot be published because disclosure would result. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



14-3 



Section 14 

Tablfl14-2 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products for which U.S. production and/or sales were 

reported, identified by manufacturer, 1990 



Miscellaneous end-use chemicals 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 14-3) 



Amino acids and their salts: 

N.N-Bis(2,2-acGtamido)glycine No PIC. 

Glutamic acid hydrochloride No LEM. 

Glycine (Aminoacetic acid), non-medical No CHT, HMP. 

Phenyl alanine No NSW. 

Potassium glutamate No LEM. 

Methionine and its salts: 

Methionine (animal feed grade) No DGC. 

Methionine, hydroxy analogue, calcium salt No MNA. 

Protein hydrosylates No BRS. 

Sarcosine No HMR 

Serine No VNC. 

All other amino acids and salts, acyclic No BRS. 

All other amino acids and salts, cyclic No AJI. 

Biological stains: 

Biological stains No ALD. EK. 

Chelating agents, nitriloacids and salts: 

N-alkyTamine bismethylenephosphonic acid No DUP, (^). 

N-alkylaminobismethylene phosphonic acid salts No ('). 

(Diethylenetriamine)pentamethylenephosphonicacid ... No MYO, {^). 
(Diethylenetriamine)pentamethylenephosphonicacid. 

sodium salt No MYO. 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaaceticacid No CGY, DOW, HMP. 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid, pentasodium 

salt No CGY. DOW, HMP. 

N.N-Dihydroxyethylglycine, sodium salt No HMP. 

Ethanoldiglycine. disodium salt No HMP. 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid 

(Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) (EDTA) Yes CGY, DOW, HMP 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, calcium disodium 

salt No DAN, DOW. 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, diammonium salt .... No CGY. DOW. HMP. 
(Ethylenedinltrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium copper 

salt, dihydrate No DAN, DOW. HMR 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium salt Yes CGY, DOW, HMP. 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium zinc 

salt, dihydrate No CGY, DOW, HMP 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, magnesium salt No SHC. 

(Ethylenedinitrito)tetraacetic acid, manganese salt No CGY, HMP. 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, monoammonium 

ferric salt No DOW. 

(Ethylenedinitriio)tetraacetic acid, monosodium iron 

salt No CGY. PER, HMR 

(Ethylenedinitrib)tetraacetic acid, tetraammonium 

salt No DOW. 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetrapotassium 

salt No HMR {'). 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetrasodium salt Yes CGY, DOW, HMP. 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, trisodium salt No HMP. 

Glucoheptonic acid,p-isomer, sodium salt No Bi_Z. 

Glucoheptonic acid, sodium salt No BLZ, PFN. 

Hexamethylenediaminetetra{methylenephosphonicacid). 

potassium salt No MYO. 

Hydroxyethane-1 -diphosphonic acid No MYO. 

(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo) triacetic acid No HMR 

(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo)triacetic acid, iron 

salt No DOW, HMR 

(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinltrilo)triaceticacid, 

magnesium salt No DOW. 

(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo)triaceticacid, 

trisodium salt Yes CGY DOW, HMR 

Hydroxyethylidene diphosphonic acid, potassium salt .. . No (^). 



See footnotes at end of table. 



14-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 14-2 — Continued 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products for which U.S. production and/or sales were 

reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 



Miscellaneous end-use chemicals 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 14-3) 



Chelating agents, nitriloacids and salts-Continued 

Hydroxyethylidene diphosphonic acid, sodium salt No 

Nitriloacetic acid, zinc salt No 

Nitrilotriacetic acid No 

Nitrilotriacetic acid, trisodium salt No 

Nitrilo-tris-methylene triphosphonic acid No 

Nitrilo-tris-methylene triphosphonic acid, potas No 

Nitrilo-tris-methylene triphosphonic acid, sodium 

salt No 

2-Phosphonobutane-1,2,4-tricartx]xylic acid, sodium 

sail No 

Polyamine polymethane phosphonic acid No 

All other chelating agents, nitriloacids and salts No 

Chemical indicators: 

Chemical indicators Yes 

Chemical reagents and fine chemicals: 

Chemical reagents and fine chemicals Yes 

Enzymes: 
Hydrolytic enzymes: 
Amylases: 

Bacterial amylase Yes 

Glucoamylaso No 

All other amylases No 

Proteases: 

Papain No 

Pepsin No 

Protease (bacterial) No 

Rennin Yes 

All other proteases No 

Other hydrolytic enzymes: 

Cholesterol esterase No 

Hydrolytic enzyme mixtures No 

Lipase No 

Pectinase No 

Other hydrolytic enzymes No 

Non-hydrolytic enzymes: 

Cholesterol oxidase No 

Glucose oxidase No 

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase No 

Glycerol kinase No 

Urease No 

Uricase No 

Flotation reagents: 
Phosphorodlthioates. used as flotation reagents: 

Dicresylphosphorodithioic acid No 

Dicresylphosphorodithioic acid, ammonium salt No 

Dicresylphosphorodithioic acid, sodium salt No 

Rosin amines No 

Xanthates and sulfides, used as flotation reagent: 

Sodium n-butylxanthate No 

All other flotation reagents No 

Fuel additives: 
Diesel fuel additives: 

Hexyl nitrate No 

All other diesel fuel additives, acyclic No 

All other diesel fuel additives, cyclic No 

Fuel oil additives: 
Adipic acld-diethylenetnamine-epichlorohydrin 

polymer No 

Di-terl-amyl-phenyl acid phosphate No 



MYO. (2). 
HMR 

HMP MON. 
BKM, HMP 

MYO. e). ei 

MYO. (2). 

BKM. CGY. HMP OMC. RDA. ('). 
ALD, COC, EK, GFS. VNC. 



\ (% 



ALD. COC. EK. ENJ. GFS. PAH. PFN, 
PIC, PLB. REG, RSA, UPM. («). 



GBF. MLS. NBI. PMR RDA. 
GBF. MLS. NBI. RDA. 
GBF. RDA, 

GBF. PFZ. RDA. 

CHH. PFZ. RDA. 

NBI. 

CHH. MLS. PFZ. RDA. 

GBF MLS. RDA. SPR. 

BCK. 
JFR. 
RDA. 
GBF 
GBF PMP RDA. (^). 

BCK. 
BCK. 
BCK. 
BCK. 
BCK. 
BCK. 



ACY 
ACY 

{')■ 

ACY HPC, SHX. 

USR. 
DAN. 



DUR 
TNA. 
SM. 



ALW. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



14-5 



Section 14 



Table 14-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products for which U.S. production and/or sales were 

reported, identified by manufacturer, 1990 



Miscellaneous end-use chemicals 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 14-3) 



Fuel additives-Continued 
Fuel oil additives-Continued 

4,4'-Di-sec-butylaminodiphenylmethane No 

N,N-Dimethyl-1.3-propanediamine polymer with 

epichlorohydrin, sulfate No 

N,N-Disalicylidene-1,2-propanediamine No 

Imidazoline from tall oil fatty acids and 

diethylenetriamine No 

Polybutylether carbamate No 

Poly(dimethylimino(2-hydroxytrimethylene)chtoride) . . No 
Polyethylenepoiyamine polymer vi^ith 1 ,4-dihyroxy-2- 

butyne No 

Rust preventing additives No 

Tetrahydropyrimidine from tall oil fatty acids and 

propylenediamine No 

All other fuel additives, acyclic No 

Gasoline additivies: 

N,N'-Di-sec-butyl-p-phenylenediamine No 

N,N'-Diisopropyl-p-phenylenediamine No 

Ethylene dibromide No 

Methyl-t-butyl ether Yes 

Methylcyclopentadienylmanganesetricarbonyl No 

N-{1-Methylheptyl)ethanolamine No 

Tetraethyl lead No 

All other gasoline additives, acyclic No 

All other gasoline additives, cyclic No 

Lubricating oil and grease additives: 

Alkyl imidazoline No 

Alkyl succinic anhydride No 

Alkyl terephthalamate No 

Bornyl phenylamine No 

Chlorosulfurizer and sulturized compounds: 

Sutfurized lard oil No 

Sulfurized sperm oil substitutes No 

Di-2-ethylhexylphosphorodithioicacid No 

Diisopropyl hydrogen phosphite No 

Di-N-propylphosphorodithioic acid No 

Dodecylphenyl-a-naphthylamine No 

Ethylene-propylene copolymer No 

Fatty acid polyamine condensate No 

Hydrocarbon carboxylic acid derivatives (specify) No 

Hydrocartwn phosphorous acid, barium salt No 

Hydrocarbon phosphoryl derivatives No 

Methylene-bridged polyalkyi phenols No 

Oxidized hydrocarbon mixture No 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonates: 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, barium salt Yes 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt Yes 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, magnesium salt No 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, mixed salts No 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt No 

All other oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate No 

Phenol salts: 

Alkylphenol, calcium salt No 

Alkyl phenols No 

Dodecylphenol, sulfurized, calcium salt No 

Nonylphenol, barium salt No 

All other phenol salts No 



UPM. 

DUP FER, SM, TNA. 

soc. 

(^ 

ALX. 

{')■ 

DUP, PAH, Sl^. UPM. 

TNA. UPM. 

DUP, TNA. 

GTL. 

AMO. ATR. CGO. CO, CSD. CSP. DA. 

ENJ. GRS. LYP. MOC. PLC. SM. SOG. 

SUN. TPC, TX. VLR. 
AMO. TNA. 
UPM. 
DUR 

ATR. TNA. TX. UPM. (h 
VNC. 

OCR. 

{'). 
SOC. 

soc. 

CCW. OCR 

CCW, ELC. 

ELC. 

ALW. 

ELC. 

SM. 

TX. 

SOC. 

FER. OCR SCR {% (2). 

ei 
{')■ 

TX. 

ALX. FER, (*). 

PAR, TNA. TX, WTC, (h 
PAR, SOC, TX, WTC, f). 
WTC. 

ei 

PAR, WTC. 

DUR MON, SOC. TX. 

SOC. TX. 

SOC, TX. 

CCA, FER, WTC. 

TNA. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



14-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 14-2 — Continued 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products for which U.S. production and/or sales were 

reported, identified by manufacturer, 1990 



Miscellaneous end-use chemicals 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 14-3) 



Lubricating oil and grease additives-Continued 
Phosphorodithloates(dithiophosphates): 

Polyisobutenyl succinic anhydride No 

Succinimides: 

Alkenyl succinimide No 

Dodecenyl-aceticsuccinimlde No 

Modified succinimides No 

All other succinimides No 

Sulfur compounds: 

Aliphatic hydrocarbon sulfides No 

Di-tertiary nonylpolysutfide No 

All other sulfur compounds No 

1 ,3,4-Thiadiazole, 2,5-bis(dialkyldithio) derivatives ... No 

Trlbutyl phosphite No 

Trimethylol prop>ane ester No 

Very high molecular weight (>1 000) hydrocarbons ... No 

Zincdialkyldtthiophosphate No 

Zinc dialkylphenol dithiophosphate No 

Zinc dibutyl phosphorodithioate No 

Zinc hydrocarbon dithiophosphate No 

All other phosphorodithioates used as lubricating 

oil and grease additives No 

All other lubricating oil and grease additives, acyclic . . No 

All other lubricating oil and grease additives, 

cyclic No 

Paint driers, naphthenic acid salts: 

Barium naphthenate No 

Cadmium naphthenate No 

Calcium naphthenate No 

Chromium naphthenate No 

Cobalt naphthenate Yes 

Iron naphthenate No 

Lead naphthenate No 

Manganese naphthenate No 

Naphthenate driers, mixed salts No 

Rare earths naphthenate No 

Zinc naphthenate No 

Photographic chemicals: 
N-2-{4-Amino-N-ethyl-m-toluidino)ethyl methane- 

sulfonamide No 

Aryl alkyl polyether ak»hol No 

5-Chlorobenzotria2ole No 

4-Dia20-2,5-diethoxymorpholinobenzene No 

2,5-Diethoxy-4-morpholinoben2enediazonium chloride No 
p-Diethylaminobenzenedia2onium chtaride (p-Diazo-N, 

N-diethylaniline zinc chtoride) No 

p-DimethylaminobenzenedicLZoniumchbride 

(p-Diazo-N, N-dimethylaniline zinc chloride) No 

p-[Ethyl(2-hydroxyethyl)aminojbenzenedia2onium 
chloride KJiazo-n-hydroxyetnylaniline zinc 

chlorkfe) No 

(N-Ethyl-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-3-methyldehydrogen 

sulfate)p-phenylenediamine No 

Hydroquinone (Hydroquinol) No 

5-Methyl-1,7-dihydroxy-1,3,4-triazaindoli2ino No 

3-Melhyl-N-[2(methylsutfonamidoethyl)-N-ethyl-p- 

phenylenediamine] sequisulfate monohydrate No 

4-Methyl-1-phenyl-3-pyrazolidione No 

p-Morpnolinyl-2,5-dibutoxybenzene diazonium chtoride No 

Phenyl-5-mercaptotetrazole No 



TX. 

SOC, TNA, TX. C). 

SM. 

CXI 

PER, SM, (2). 

ELC, PER, (2). 

PAS. 

CHD, PER. QCP. TNA. (\ (% 

ELC. 

ALW. 

QCP. SCP. SM. 

{')■ 

ELC. SOC. TNA. 

SOC 

ELC. 

(')■ 

ELC, PER, (2). 

TX. ('). 

ALW. CGY. DCC. DUP. QCP. SCP. SM. 

TNA. TX, (2). 

ENJ. PER. HMY. SM. TNA. C). ('). {^). 

OCP. 

CCA 

CCa! MCI, NOD. TRO. 

MCI. 

MCI. NOD. SHP. TRO. 

MCI. NOD. 

CCA, MCI. 

MCI, NOD. 

MCI. 

NOD. 

MCI, NOD, TRO. 



WAY 
DIX. 
FMT 

All. 
All. 

All. 

All. 



All. 

EKT. 
FMT 

CWN. 

All. 
FMT 



See footnotes at and of table. 



14-7 



Section 14 

Tabl« 14-2 — Continued 

Miscallaneous end-usa chemicals and chemical products for which U.S. production and/or sales wore 

reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 



Miscellaneous end-use chemicals 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 14-3) 



Photographic chemicals-Continued 

1-Phenyi-3-pyrazolidone No 

Poly(vinyl-O-sulfobenzal) No 

4-N-(1-Pyrrolidyl)-m-toluenedia2onium chloride No 

All other photographic chemicals No 

Polymers for fibers: 

Cellulose acetate No 

Nylon 6 and 6/6: 

Nybn 6 (Polymer for fiber, only) No 

Nylon 6/6 No 

Polyacrylonitrile and acrylonitrile copolymers Yes 

Polyethylene terephthalate No 

Poly-m-phenylene isophthalamido No 

Poly-p-phenyleneterephthalamide No 

All other polymers for fibers No 

Polymers, water soluble: 
Acrylamide polymers and co-polymers: 
Acrylamide-2-acrylamido-2-methylpropanesulfonic 

acid, sodium salt polymer No 

Acrylamide-acrylic acid copolymer No 

Acrylamide-acrylic acid copolymer, sodium salt No 

Acrylamide-trimethylaminoethyl acrylate chloride 

polymer No 

Acrylamide-trimethylaminoethyl methacry late 

chloride No 

Adipic acid-crosslinked polycrylamide No 

Polyacrylamide No 

All other polyacrylamide copolymers No 

Cellubse esters and ethers: 

Hydroxyethylcellulose No 

Hydroxyethyl hydroxypropyl cellulose No 

2-Hydroxypropyl cellulose No 

Methylcellulose No 

Sodium cartxjxymethylcellulose (100%) No 

All other cellulose ethers and esters No 

Dimethylamine epichbrohydrin ethylenediamine 

copolymer No 

Ethyl acrylate methacrylic acid copolymer No 

Hydroxypropyl guar gum No 

Poly(acrylic acid, ethyl ester) No 

Poly(acrylic acid, methyl ester/ethylene/1,1- 

dichlorosuccinic acid, methylene-) No 

Poly(acrylic acid, methyl ester/ethylene/1,1- 
dichlorosuccinic acid, methylene-) with ethyl 

acrylate No 

Polyacrylic acid salts: 

Ammonium polyacrylate No 

Polyacrylate methacrylate copolymers No 

Polyacrylate poly(hydroxypropylacrylate) copolymer . . No 

Polyacrylic acid No 

Sodium ammonium polyacrylate and copolymers .... No 

Sodium carboxymethyl amylose No 

Sodium cartxjxymethyl starch No 

Sodium polyacrylate No 

Sodium polyacrylate, grafted No 

All other polyacrylic acid salts No 

Polyacrylonitrile, hydrolyzed No 

Polyacrylonitrile, starch hydrolized polymer No 

Polyamines No 

Polydextrose No 

Poly(diallyldimethylammoniumchtaride No 



CWN. 

DUP. 

All. 

CHD. DAN. DUP. EK. FMT. WAY. (»). (*). 

EKT. 

ACS. BLY. CNP. 

DUP. MON. 

ACY. BKM. DUP. MON. 

DUP EKT. FRF. GYR. 

DUP 

DUP 

DUP. HCL. 



ENJ. (2). 
CHP 
BKM. (2). 

(^. 

ACY BKM. ENJ, SCR (*). ('). 
ACY ENJ, MRK. {'). 
HCL. (2). 

AQU. DOW. UCC. 

AQU. 

DOW. UPJ. 
AQU. CBC. MAK. (*). 
AQU. DIX. S. 

(^ 

ALC. 
AQU. 
DUP 

DUP 



DUP 

CCL. RH. (*), (2). 
RH. ('). 

MY0.(^).(2). 

ALC, BAS. BFG. DIX. RH. SCP. {\ (*). 

CCL. 

BKM. EFH, MYO. SYT. 

<'> , , 

BAS. BFG, DOW. ENJ, (*). (*). 

BKM, GPC. 

GPC. 

ENJ, OCR 

PFZ. 

CPS. MRK. (*). 



See footnotes at end of table. 



14-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 14-2 — Continued 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products for which U.S. production and/or sales were 

reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1990 



Miscellanoous end-use chemicals 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 14-3) 



Polymers, water soluble — Continued 

Polyethyleneimine No 

All other polymers, water soluble No 

Polymethacrylic acid, sodium salt No 

Poly(1 ,1 '-(methylimino)bis(3-chloro-2-propanol)- 

teetramethylethylenediamine No 

1-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone, copolymers with vinyl acetate .. No 

1 -Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone, polymers No 

Xanthan gum No 

Poly-a-olefins: 

Poly-a-olefins No 

Poly-a-olofins, suKurized No 

Rare sugars: 

l-Arabinose No 

D-Galactose No 

D-Maltose No 

Silicone greases: 

Silicone greases No 

Tanning materials, synthetic: 
1-Naphthalenesulfonic acid.formaldehyde condensate 

and salt No 

2-Naphthalenesul1onic acid, formaldehyde condensate 

and salt No 

1-Phenol-2-suKonic acid.formaldehyde condensate 

(Phenol-formaldehyde, sulfonated) No 

Polyoxyalkylated cyclic amines No 

All other tanning materials, synthetic No 

Textile chemicals, other than sudace active agents: 

Alkylphenol/formaldehyde polymer No 

N,N-bis-(2-Hydroxyethyl)octadecanamide No 

N,N-Dibenzylhydroxylamine No 

Oicyanodiamide formaldehyde ammonium chloride 

polymer No 

Dimethyloldihydroxyethylene urea No 

Formaldehyde polymer with carbamate esters No 

Hydrogenated tallow fatty acid aminoethylethanolamine 

condensation products No 

Lauryl alkyl dimethylamine acetate No 

Lauryl alkyl dimethylamine phosphate No 

Melamine lormaWehyde methanol polymer No 

Melamine formatoehyde copolymer No 

Melamine stearyl akxshol polymer No 

Propoxylated starches No 

2.2',4,4'-Tetrahydroxybenzophenone No 

Tri(behenoyloxymethyl)trimethoxymethylmelamine No 

Urea polymers with formaldehyde and methanol No 

Textile chemicals, other than surface active agents No 

Urea, by end-use markets: 
Urea, primary solutkin (Report on 100% urea-content 

basis) Yes 

Urea in compounds or mixtures (100% basis): 

Urea in feed compounds (100% basis) Yes 

Urea in liquid fertilizer (100% basis) Yes 

Urea in plastics (100% basis) No 

Urea in solid fertilizer (100% basis) Yes 



DAN. 

BKM, DAN, EFH, PRA, RDA, RH. SOP. 

SYT, (2). e). e). n ('). 

ALC. 

BKM. 
DAN. 

DAN. GAP. 
PFZ. 

SM, SOC, 
QCP SM. 

PFN. 
PFN. 
PFN. 

SPD, SWS. 



RH, S. 
GRD. 



BAS, RH. 






MIL. 






BAS, SOP 






ei 






ccc. 






COG. 






CCC, DAN, 


PCI. S. SYT. 


ACY CCC, 


CHP DAN, 


,SYT. 


SYT. 






CCC. 






Q- 






ei 






ACY CCC. 






ENJ. 






SYT. 






SYT. 






BAS 






SYT 






ACY CCC. 






BAS, CCC, 


DUP ENJ. 


PAT 



ARM, BCP CAC. CFI, CHN. FRI. GCC, 
HKY MSC, SOC. SOH, TER. TRI, TVA. 
UOC. WLC, WYC, (=»). 

CAC. HKY SOH, TER, TRI, WYC. 
CFI, CHN. FRI. HKY MSC. SMP SOC. 

SOH. TER, TVA. UOC. 
BCP SOH, TRI. 
BCP CAC, CFI. FRI. GCC. HKY MSC, 

SOH. TER. TRI. TVA. UOC. WLC. WYC. 



' Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'yes.' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by no ' 

^ The manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated products. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the US International Trade Commission. 



14-9 



Section 14 



Table 14-3 



Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 
1990 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



ACS Allied Signal, Inc. Engineered 

Materials Sector 

ACY American Cyanamid Co. 

AJI Ajinomoto USA, Inc. 

ALC AIco Chemical Corp. 

ALD Aldrich Chemical Co.. Inc. 

ALL Alliance Chemical, Inc. 

ALW Albright & Wilson Americas, Inc. 

ALX Alox Corp. 

AMO Amoco Corp. 

AQU Aqualon 

ARM LaRoche Industries. Inc. 

ATR Atlantic Richfield Co., Arco Chemical 

Co. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BCK Beckman Instruments. Inc., 

Diagnostics System Group 

BCP Borden Chemical & Plastics Oolaware 

Limited 

BFG B. F Goodrich Co. 

BKM Buckman Laboratories, Inc. 

BLY Berkley & Co., Inc. 

BL2 Belzak Corp. 

BRS Bristol-Myers Co. 

CAC Cominco Fertilizers, Inc. 

CBC Carbose Corp. 

CCA Akzo Chemicals. Inc. 

CCC C.N.C. International, Inc. 

CCL Catawba-Charlab, Inc. 

CCW Morton International, Inc., 

Specialty Chemicals Group 

CFI CF Industries, Inc. 

CGO Citgo Petroleum. Corp. 

CGY Ciba-Geigy Corp. 

CHD Chemdesign, Corp. 

CHH Chris Hansen's Laboratory. Inc. 

CHN Wil-Gro Fertilizer, Inc. 

CHP C. H. Patrick & Co., Inc. 

CHT Chattem. Inc. 

CNP DSM Chemicals, North America 

CO Conoco Specialty Products, Inc. 

COC Columbia Organic Chemical Co., Inc. 

CPS CPS Chemical, Co., Inc. 

CSD Fina Oil & Chemical Co., Cosdan 

Chemical Div. 

GSR Coastal Refining & Marketing. Inc. 

CWN Upjohn Co., Fine Chemicals 

CXI Chemical Exchange Industries. Inc. 

DA Diamond Shamrock Refining & 

Marketing 



DAN Dan River, Inc., Chemical Products Div. 

DCC Dow Corning Corp. 

DGC Degussa Corp. 

DIX Dixie Chemical Co., Inc. 

DOW Dow Chemical Co 

DUP E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co.. Inc. 

Chemicals and Pigments Dept. 

ED/IMG Dept. 

Fibers Dept. 

EFH E.F Houghton Co. 

EK Eastman Kodak Co.: 

EKT Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 

ELC EIco Corp. Sub. of Detrex Chemical 

Industries, Inc. 

ENJ Exxon Chemical Americas 

FER FerroCorp.: 

Bedford Chemical Div. 

Keil Chemical Div. 

FMT Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc. 

FRF Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., Firestone 

Fibers & Textiles Co. 

FRI Farmland Industries, Inc. 

GAF GAF Chemical Corp. 

GBF International Bio-Synthetics, Inc. 

GCC Arcadian Corp. 

GFS GFS Chemicals, Inc. 

GPC Grain Processing Corp. 

GRD W. R. Grace & Co., Organic Chemicals 

Div. 

Polymers & Chemical Div. 

GRS Champlin Refining Co. 

GTL Great Lakes Chemical Corp. 

GYR Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 

HCL Hoechst Celanese Corp: 

Fibers Industrial Div. 

Sou-Tex Works. 

HKY Arcadian Corp. 

HMP W. R. Grace & Co., Organic Chemicals 

Div. 

Hampshire Chemical Div. 

HMY Humphrey Chemical Co. 

HPC Hercules, Inc. 

JFR George A. Jeffreys & Co., Inc. 

LEM Napp Chemicals, Inc. 

LYP Lyondell Petrochemical Co. 

MAK MAK Chemical Corp. 

MCI Mooney Chemicals, Inc. 

MIL Milliken & Co., Milliken Chemical Div. 



See note at end of table 



14-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

TabI* 14-3 — Continued 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 

1990 



Code 



Name of company 



Code Name of company 

SHX Sherex Chemical Co., Inc. 

SM Mobil Oil Corp., Chemical Product Div. 

Beaumont Refinery Div. 

SMP J. R. Simplot Co. 

SOC Chevron Corp., Chevron Chemical Co. 

SCX3 Hill Petroleum Company 

SOH BP Chemicals Amenca, Inc. 

SPD General Electric Co., Silicone Products 

Div. 

SPR Scientific Protein Laboratories 

SUN Sun Co.. Inc. 

SWS Wacker Silicones, Corp. 

SYT Synthron, Inc. 

TER Terra International, Inc. 

TNA Ethyl Corp. 

TPC Texas Petrochemicals Corp. 

TRI Triad Chemical 

TRO Troy Chemical Corp. 

TVA Tennessee Valley Authority. NFDC. TVA. 

OACD. 

Div. of Devebpmental Production 

TX Texaco, Inc., Texaco Chemical Co. 

UCC Union Carbide Corp., Industrial 

Chemical Div. 

UOC Union Oil Co. of California 

UPJ Upjohn Co. 

UPM UOP Inc. 

USR Unlroyal Chemical Co., Inc. 

VLR Valero Refining & Marketing Co. 

VNC Vanderbilt Chemcal Corp. 

WAY Olln Hunt Specialty Products, Inc. 

WLC Freeport-McMoran Resource Partners 

WTC Witco Chemical Corp. 

WYC Coastal Chem. Inc. 



MLS Miles Laboratories. Inc.. Biotechnology 

Group. 

MNA Monsanto Agricultural Co. 

MOC Marathon Petroleum Co., Texas 

Refining Div. 

MON Monsanto Co. 

MRK Merck & Co.. Inc. 

MSC Mississippi Chemical Corp. 

MYO Mayo Chemical Co. 

NBi Novo Biochemical industries, Inc. 

NOD Huls. America. Inc. 

NSW NutraSweet Co. 

OMC Olln Corp. 

PAH Parish Chemical Co. 

PAR Pennzoll Co.. Penreco Div. 

PAS Atochem North America, Inc. 

PAT Pat-Chem. Inc. 

PCI Piedmont Chemical industries. Inc. 

PFN Pfanstlehl Laboratories, inc. 

PFZ Pfizer, inc. 

PIC Pierce Chemical Co. 

PLB Pharmacia P-L Blochemlcals. Inc. 

PLC Phillips 66 Co. 

PMP PMP Fermentatwn Products. Inc. 

PRA Para-Chem Southern, inc. 

OCP Quaker Chemkral Corp. 

ROA Rhone-Poulenc. Inc. 

REG Regis Chemical Co. 

RH Rohm & Haas Co. 

RSA R.S.A. Corp. 

S Sandoz Chemical Corp., Cotors & 

Chemicals Div. 

SOP Henkel Corp. 

SHC Shell Chemical Co. 

SHP Shepherd Chemical Co. 



Note. — Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in table 1 of 
the appendix. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



14-I1 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



Section 15 

Miscellaneous Cyclic and Acyclic 

Chemicals 

The lerm "miscellaneous chemicals" as ii is used 
here comprises those synthetic organic products that 
are not included in the use groups covered by sections 
I-XIV of this repon. They include products that are 
employed in a great variety of applications. The 
number of chemicals used extensively for only one 
purpose is not large. Among the products covered in 
this section are those used for refrigerants, aerosols, 
solvents, catalysts, additives in plastics and food 
products, and, especially, a wide range of acyclic 
chemical intermediates. 

Figure 15-1 shows the trend of production of 
miscellaneous chemicals during 1986-90, and shows 
that the substantial rate of increase after 1985, 
contmued through 1990 albeit at a slower pace. 

U.S. production of miscellaneous cyclic and 
acyclic chemicals in 1990 amounted to 49.9 billion 
kilograms, an increase of 2.1 percent compared with 
production in 1989 (Table 15-1). Production of 
miscellaneous acyclic chemicals comprised 96.6 
percent of this section's total production. 

Because most of the production of miscellaneous 
chemicals is used iniemally by their producers to make 
more advanced intermediates and other chemical 
products, their sales are much smaller than their 
production. In 1990, sales of miscellaneous chemicals 
were 21.2 billion kilograms, valued at S14.5 billion, 
compared with 20.2 billion kilograms, valued at S16.3 
billion, in 1989. The increase in sales quantity in 1990 
was 13 percent. However, the surge in prices through 
1989 was sharply reversed. The average unit value of 
sales in 1990, 68.4 cents per kilogram, was 15 percent 
less than the previous year's 80.6 cents per kilogram. 
This reflected the effects of the recession as well as a 
changing production mix, overcapacity for a number of 
chemicals, and a lower cost of raw materials. 
Oxygenated hydrocarbons accounted for about 60 
percent of the production of all acyclic miscellaneous 



chemicals. Production of oxygenated hydrocarbons, 
which include organic acids, alcohols (the largest 
group), ketones, esters, ethers, aldehydes, epoxides, 
and other chemicals, was 28.7 billion kilograms in 
1990, a marginal decrease from the 28.8 billion 
kilograms produced in 1989. 

SlighUy larger in volume than the alcohols in 
miscellaneous acyclic chemicals is the chlorinated 
hydrocarbons group. Production of chlorinated 
hydrocarbons was about 13.2 billion kilograms in 
1990, about 0.5 billion kilograms more than in 1989. 
While many of these chemicals suffer the opprobrium 
of the environmental cause, only chloroform and 
perchlorethylene (among the publishable items) lost 
ground in production in 1990 (down more than 20 
percent from 1989). The remainder (carbon 
tetrachloride, methylene chloride, ethyl chloride, 
ethylene dichloride, 1,1,1,-irichloroethane, and vinyl 
chloride) held their own. Production of methyl 
chloride was 67 percent greater than in 1989. 

The second largest category in the miscellaneous 
chemicals groups is alcohols-boih monohydric and 
polyhydric. Though production of ethylene glycol and 
other polyhydric alcohols decreased about 8 percent in 
1990, that of the monohydric alcohols increased very 
slightly, to almost 7 billion kilograms. 

Virtually in a tie for third place among 
miscellaneous acyclic chemicals, each with production 
between 4.5 and 4.9 billion kilograms in 1990, are 
nitrogenous compounds, acids/anhydrides, and 
aldehydes. Production of all three groups increased in 
1990, by 14, 17, and 12 percent, respectively. 
Noteworthy for increased production in 1990 were 
ethanolamines, acrylonitrile, acetic acid, butyraldchyde 
and formaldehyde. 

Table 15-2 lists the products in this section 
individually identified by manufacturer(s) codes. Table 
15-3 lists those codes alphabetically and identifies the 
manufacturer by name. 

Aimison Jonnard 
202-205-3350 



15-1 



Section 15 

Figure 15-1 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production, 1986-90 



Billons 

of kilograms 




1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



15-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



Table 15-1 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1990 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Average 

unit 
value' 



Grand total 

Cyclic 

Total 

Benzoic acid esters 

Benzoyl peroxide 

Butyrolactone 

Tert-butyl peroxybenzoate 

Caproiactam 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol (BHT) 

Hexamethylenetetramine, tech 

Maleic anhydride 

Morpholine 

Pinene and derivatives, total 

a-Pinene 

B-Pinene 

Pine oil. natural, sulfate 

Pine oil. synthetic 

All other pinene and derivatives 

Succinic anhydride derivatives 

Tall oil, chemically modified 

All other miscellaneous cyclic chemicals 

Acyclic 

Total 

Nitrogenous compounds 

Total 

Amides, total 

Erucamide 

N.N'-Ethylenebis-oleamide 

N.N'-Elhylenebis-slearamide 

Oleamide (Ocladecene amide) 

All other amides 

Amines, totaP 

Butylamines 

Diethylamine 



1.000 
kilograms 

49.912.377 



1.000 
kilograms 



1.000 
dollars 



Per 
kihgram 



21.196.927 14.491.633 $0.68 



1.700.331 


773.429 


1.484,576 


1.92 


1.683 


e) 


(') 


(') 


4.701 


3.583 


21.903 




57.103 


9.981 


26.246 


2.63 


1.664 


1.623 


7.312 


4.51 


625.729 


1?) 


(') 


(') 


7.067 


e) 


e) 


e) 


41.947 


{') 


(^) 


(') 


192.529 


160.228 


154.647 


.97 


(') 


17.288 


28.749 


1.66 


(?) 


31.218 


36.625 


1.17 


55.194 


(') 


e) 


C) 


20.729 


1?) 


(') 


(') 


2.037 


1.730 


1.303 


.75 


21.073 


19.685 


26.078 


1.32 


e) 


9.803 


9.244 


.94 


18.191 


8,334 


16.999 


2.04 


8.122 


e) 


(') 


{^) 


642.562 


541,174 


1.192.095 


2.16 



48,212.046 


20.423.498 


13.007.057 


4.726.058 


1.814.312 


1.642.158 


138.947 


75.847 


128.571 



.64 



.91 



1.70 



4.616 


3.718 


17.923 


4.82 


218 


(=) 


e) 


<?) 


14.577 


14.505 


20.692 


1.43 


2.768 


2.459 


5.679 


2.31 


116.768 


55.165 


84.277 


1.52 


897.254 


294,665 


438.918 


1.49 


12.949 


12.508 


25.623 


2.05 


9,970 


3.475 


4,406 


1.27 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-3 



Section 15 

Table 15-1 — Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1990 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 





Sales 




Average 
unit 


Production 


Quantity 


Value 


value' 


1.000 
kilograms 


1,000 
kilograms 


1,000 
dollars 


Per 
kihgram 



Acyclic — Continued 

Nitrogenous compounds — Continued 

Amines — Continued 

Ethylenediamine 

Isopropylamine, mono- 

Triethylamine 

Trimetliylamine 

All other amines 

Ethanolamines, total 

2,2'-Aminodiethanol (Oiethanolamine) . . . 
2-Aminoethanol (Monoethanolamine) .... 
2,2',2"-Nitritotriethanol (Triethanolamine) . 

3-Methoxypropylamine 

Methyldiethanolamine 

Nitriles. total 

Acetonitrile 

AcrylonitrJIe 

2-Methyllactonitrile (Acetone cyanohydrin) 

All other nitriles 

All other nitrogenous compounds 

Acids, acyl halides and anhydrides 

Total 

Acetic acid, synthetic, 100% 

Acrylic acid* 

Dimer acid (Gag dibasic acid) 

2-Ethylhexanoyl chloride 

Fatty acids 

Fatty acids, hydrogenated* 

Fumaric acid 

NeodecanoyI chloride 

PivaloyI chloride 

Propionic acid 

All other acids, acyl halides and anhydrides . 
Salts of organic acids 

Total 

Acetic acid salts, total 

Potassium acetate 

Sodium acetate 

All other acetic acid salts 



36.881 


26,070 


46.657 


$1.79 


(') 


26,872 


23.826 


.89 


15.619 


11,894 


14.934 


1.26 


26,367 


19,675 


14.552 


.74 


795,468 


194.171 


308.920 


1.59 


329.936 


230.830 


217.645 


.94 


88,378 


80,976 


70.290 


.87 


150,105 


72,910 


70.487 


.97 


91.453 


76,944 


76.868 


1.00 


2.270 


2,932 


6.226 


2.12 


<?) 


6.401 


20.907 


3.27 


(') 


805,777 


527.994 


.66 


17.863 


(') 


(^) 


(') 


1.213.875 


767,440 


451.173 


.59 


610,453 


1?) 


(') 


(') 


- 


38.337 


76.821 


2.01 


1.515,460 


397.860 


301.897 


.76 



4.912.173 



1.200.816 1.126.617 



.94 



1.701.303 


405.260 


150,138 


.37 


477.759 


125,072 


138,286 


1.11 


16.776 


14.015 


15,557 


1.11 


1.305 


(') 


1?) 


(') 


14.298 


13.946 


8,671 


.62 


155.576 


125.824 


85,656 


.68 




12.268 


16,368 


1.33 


821 


e) 


1?) 


(') 


2.878 


(^) 


(') 


(') 


46.340 


(^) 


{') 


(') 


2.495,117 


504.431 


711,941 


1.41 


238.037 


156.262 


259,843 


1.66 


23.962 


9,930 


19,241 


1.94 


2.535 


2,229 


3.334 


1.50 


19.521 


(') 


(') 


(^) 


1.906 


7,701 


15.907 


2.07 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15^ 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



Table 15-1 — Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1990 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Average 
unit 
value ' 



Acyclic — Continued 

Aluminum Octanoate 

2-Ethylhexanoic acid (a-Ethylcaproic acid) salts, 
total 

Cobalt 2-ethylhexanoate 

Zinc 2-ethylhexanoate 

All other 2-ethylhexanolc acid salts 

Formic acid salts 

Laurie acid salts 

Oleic acid salts 

Oxalic acid salts, total 

Potassium oxalate 

All other oxalic acid salts 

Propionic acid salts, total 

Calcium propionate 

Sodium propionate 

All other propionic acid salts 

Stearic acid salts, total* 

Aluminum stearates, total 

Aluminum tristearate 

All other aluminum stearate salts 

Calcium stearate 

Magnesium stearate 

Zinc stearate 

All other stearic acid salts 

All other salts of organic acids 

Aldehydes 

Total 

n-Butyraldehyde 

Formaldehyde (37% by weight) 

All other aldehydes 

Ketones 

Total 

Acetone 

Diacetone alcohol (Hydroxymethyl pentanone) . . 

Methyl ethyl ketone (2-Butanone) 

4-Methyl-2-p«ntanone (Methyl isobutyl ketone) . 
All other ketones 



1.000 
kilograms 



72 



11,451 



65.395 



4,552,709 



859,744 

3,048.110 

644,855 



1.381,796 



1.000 
kilograms 



1.000 
dollars 



72 



6,936 



57,299 



1 ,395,346 



33,681 

1,216,734 

144,931 



1,095,806 



270,759 



16,005 
163,810 
90,944 



591,601 



Per 
kik>gram 



275 $3.83 



22,475 3.24 



1,878 


1,391 


6,409 


4.61 


i?) 


161 


572 


3.55 


9,573 


5,384 


15,494 


2.87 


7,956 





(') 


(') 


683 





(^) 


(') 


99 


(') 


(^) 


(') 


54 


51 


344 


6.76 


13 


12 


84 


7.19 


41 


39 


260 


6.67 


e) 


23,008 


16,955 


.74 


12,540 


(') 


(?) 


{*) 


4,086 


4,272 


3,351 


.78 


(') 


18,736 


13,604 


.73 


111,739 


58,966 


89,910 


1.52 


2,083 


1,990 


5,589 


2.81 


791 


776 


2,480 


3.20 


1.292 


1,214 


3,109 


2.56 


39,315 


38,433 


46,933 


1.22 


3,468 


3,394 


7,117 


2.10 


64,351 


13,266 


25.425 


1.92 


2.522 


1,883 


4,846 


2.57 



110,643 1.93 



.19 

.48 
.13 
.63 



.54 



1,056,654 


761,192 


354,189 


.47 


(') 


9,261 


10,087 


1.09 


211,048 


240,258 


124,696 


.52 


(') 


48,750 


42,070 


.86 


114,094 


36,345 


60,559 


1.67 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-5 



Section 15 

Table 15-1 — Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1990 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Sales 



Production Quantity 



Value 



Average 

unit 

value' 



Acyclic — Continued 

Alcohols, monohydric, unsubstituted 

Total 

Alcohols, C,, or lower, unmixed, total 

n-Butyl alcohol (n-Propylcarbinol) 

Isobutyl alcohol (Isopropylcarbinol)' 

Ethyl alcohol, synthetic' 

2-Ethyl-1 -hexanol 

Isopropyl alcohol 

Methanol, synthetic 

Propyl alcohol (Propanol) 

All other alcohols, C,i or lower, unmixed 

Alcohols, Ci2 and higher, unmixed, total 

Hexadecanol (cetyl alcohol) 

All other alcohols, 0,2 and higher, unmixed . . . . 

Mixtures of alcohols, total 

Containing Cn and lower 

Containing C,2 and higher* 

All other mixtures of alcohols 

All other 

Esters of monohydric alcohols 

Total 

n-Butyl acetate 

Butyl acrylate 

Dilauryl-3,3'-thiodipropionate 

Distearyl-3,3'-thiodipropionate 

Ethyl acetate (1 00% basis) 

Ethyl acrylate 

2-Ethylhexyl acrylate 

Fatty acid esters, not included with plasticizers or 
surlace-active agents, total 

Methyl esters of tallow 

Myristyl myristate 

All other fatty acid esters not included with 

plasticizers or surface-active agents 

Isopropyl acetate 

Methyl methacrylate , 

Phosphorus acid esters, not elsewhere 

specified 

Propyl acetate , 

Vinyl acetate 

All other esters of monohydric alcohols 



1.000 
kilograms 



6.939.676 



114.530 

280.129 

694 

2,519 

123.522 

136,485 

53,348 



5.614 



1.000 
kilograms 



4.388,982 



1.000 
dollars 



Per 
kibgram 



2.955 



1.525,491 $.35 



6.275.073 


4.087,317 


1,219,169 


.30 


575.647 


281.575 


148.401 


.53 


69.865 


52.432 


31,269 


.60 


247.644 


297,615 


186.353 


.63 


294.671 


156.900 


106.097 


.68 


660.466 


562.836 


256.977 


.46 


3.784.957 


2.372.038 


291.635 


.12 


85.535 


52.519 


40.196 


.77 


556.288 


311.402 


158.241 


.51 


85.639 


{') 


{') 


(^) 


18.677 


(') 


(^) 





66.962 


e) 


{') 


(') 


578.964 


C) 


{') 


e) 


e) 


53.977 


44.924 


.83 


365.210 


221,766 


218.827 


.99 


213.754 


(') 


{') 


(') 


(') 


25.922 


42.571 


1.64 


3.113.090 


1.481.937 


1.354.300 


$0.91 



93.242 


70.511 


.76 


108.684 


129.733 


1.19 


704 


2.684 


3.81 


2,456 


8,168 


3.33 


113.668 


76.296 


.67 


66.442 


71.791 


1.08 


46.300 


55.475 


1.20 



4.904 1.66 



2.526 


88 


607 


6.86 


3,088 
• 20,376 
536.283 


2.867 
19.299 


4.297 
16,970 


.61 
.88 


129,395 

32.868 

1.206.021 

471,306 


30.027 

30.612 

674.970 

292,578 


64.661 

29.968 

465.772 

357.367 


2.15 
.97 
.69 

1.22 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. J 990 



Table 15-1 — Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production and sales. 



1990 



Miscellaneous cyclic artd acyclic chemicals 





Sales 




Average 
unit 


Productior) 


Quarttity 


Value 


value' 


1,000 
kilograms 


1,000 
kilograms 


1,000 
dollars 


Per 
kitogram 


3.388.542 


2.866.459 


1,754,639 


.61 


194.623 
2.299.942 

55.516 
342.204 
121,886 

42.382 
331.989 


2.252.303 
52.936 

258.323 
79.056 
34,329 

189,512 


1,064,352 
67,284 

243.171 
59.515 
37,994 

282,323 


.47 

1.27 

.94 

.75 

1.11 

1.49 


1.179.398 


969.029 


1,060,738 


1.09 


145.708 


128.357 


184.527 


1.44 


4.701 
8.357 


2.957 
6.492 


4,476 
9,709 


1.51 
1.50 


13.863 
118.787 


13.387 
105.521 


16.993 
153.349 


1.27 
1.45 


1.033.690 


840.672 


876.211 


1.04 



Acyclic — Continued 
Polyhydric alcohols* 

Total 

1 .4-Butanediol 

Ethylene glycol 

Pentaerythritol 

Propylene glycol 

Sorbitol (70%) 

Sorbitol, crystalline 

All other polyhydric alcohols 

Esters and ethers of polyhydric alcohols 

Total 

Polyhydric alcohol esters, total 

2-{2-Butoxyethoxy)ethylacetate 

2-Butoxyethyl acetate 

Glycendes. mixed (Cu-Cia and Cis-Cib) 

mono & di 

All other polyhydric alcohol esters 

Polyhydric alcohol ethers, total 

2-Butoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol 

monobutyl ether) 

2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol 

monobutyl ether) 

2-[2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene 

glycol monobutyl ether) 

Diethylene glycol 

2-Ethoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol ethyl ether) . . 
2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol 

monoethyl ether) 

2-Methoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol 

methyl ether) 

2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol 

monomethyl ether) 

2-(2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene 

glycol monomethyl ether) 

Polyethylene glycol 

Polytetramethylene glycol ether 

Tetraethylene glycol 

Triethylene glycol 

Glycol ethers derived Irom propylene oxide, total 

Dipropylene glycol 

Polypropylene glycol 

Sorbitol, ethoxylated 

2.2'-Thiodiethanol (Tiodiglycol) 

Tnpropylene glycol 

All other polyhydric alcohols ethers 

See footnotes at end of table. 



187,491 



41,168 



168,765 



30,907 



123,881 



36.862 



.73 



1.19 



12.081 


(') 


{') 


e) 


218,777 


159.402 


81,143 


.51 


53,471 


29.588 


32,158 


1.09 


17.289 


16,647 


18,632 


1.12 


{') 


16,320 


13,615 


.83 


21.271 


30,638 


30,256 


.99 


22.360 


(') 


e) 


{') 


55.993 


52,245 


79,369 


1.52 


{') 


23,588 


80.039 


3.39 


11.574 


8,141 


10,909 


1.34 


50,949 


46.310 


50.823 


1.10 


(') 


(') 


(') 


{') 


35,588 


29.415 


26,487 


.90 


14,859 


8,962 


13,856 


1.55 


111 


{') 


{') 


{') 


773 


{') 


{') 


{') 


10.385 


{') 


{') 


{') 


279.550 


219,744 


278,181 


1.27 



15-7 



Section 15 

Table 15-1 — Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1990 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Average 

unit 

value' 



Chlorinated and fluorinated 
hydrocarbons 

Total 

Chlorinated hydrocartxans, total 

Carbon tetrachloride 

Chlorinated paraffins more than 35% chlorine 
(Cio-Cao), total 

35%-64% chlorine 

65% or more chlorine 

Chloroform 

Chloromethane (Methyl chloride)* 

Dichloromethane (Methylene chloride) . . . 

Ethyl chloride (Chloroethane)* 

Ethylene dichloride (1 ,2-Oichloroethane)* . 
Tetrachloroethylene (Perchloroethylene) . . 
1.1,1-Trichloroethane (Methyl chloroform) 
Vinyl chloride, monomer (Chloroethylene)* 
All other chlorinated hydrocartxjn 

Fluorinated (including other fluorohalogenated) 
hydrocarbons, total 

Chlorodifluoromethane (F-22) 

Dichlorodifluoromethane (F-12) 

Trichlorofluoromethane (F-11) 

All other fluorinated (including other 
fluorohalogenated) hydrocarbons 

All other miscellaneous acyclic chemicals 

Total 

Acyclic peroxides, total 

2-Butanone peroxide (MEK peroxide) 

ten-Butyl peroxy-2-ethylhexanoate 

All other acyclic peroxides 

Expoxides, ethers and acetals, total 

Ethylene oxide* 

All other expoxides. ethers and acetals 

Fats and oils, chemically modified'" 

Hydrocartxjns 

Hydrogenated tallow glycerides 

All other fats oils, chemically modified 

Organo-txjron compounds 

Chloropropyltrimethoxysilane 

Hexamethyldisilazane 

Silicone fluids 

Phosgene (Cartxjnyl chloride) 

All other miscellaneous acyclic chemicals 



1.000 
kilograms 



13.592.020 



13.175.011 



187,470 



34,818 



122.601 



1.000 
kilograms 



1.000 
dollars 



4,068.431 2.080.054 



3.760.172 



229.020 



31.938 



56,972 



1.312,219 



62.960 



Per 
kilogram 



$.51 
.35 
.27 



34.162 1.07 



28.405 


26,349 


24.275 


.92 


6.413 


5,589 


9.887 


1.77 


219.687 


196,164 


92.707 


.47 


350.114 


79.476 


36.308 


.46 


209.116 


128.921 


58,938 


.46 


67.710 


(') 


(') 


{') 


6.282.199 


1.021.869 


126.247 


.12 


168.844 


166.234 


55,177 


.33 


364,073 


308.228 


182,232 


.59 


4,818,754 


1,430,931 


573,526 


.40 


472,226 


167,391 


89.962 


.54 


417,009 


308,259 


767.835 


2.49 


138.823 


107.707 


273.360 


2.54 


94,626 


81.697 


178.943 


2.19 


60,959 


61.883 


109.415 


1.77 



206.117 3.62 



4.115.985 


917.253 


1,318.426 


1.44 


26.642 


23.814 


119,026 


5.00 


4.424 


4.425 


21,406 


4.84 


1.563 


1.373 


8.924 


6.50 


20.655 


18.016 


88,696 


4.92 


3.188.980 


(') 


e) 


(') 


2.428.914 


241,851 


255.000 


1.05 


760,066 


(') 


e) 


(') 


19,869 


16.604 


20.953 


1.26 


18,937 


e) 


{') 


{') 


8.942 


e) 


(') 


{') 


10.927 


e) 


e) 


(') 


{') 


502 


3,521 


7.01 


530 


{') 


{') 


(') 


362 








67.922 


40,541 


220.223 


5.43 


307.584 








465.290 


593,941 


699.703 


1.18 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



TabiA 15-1 — Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1990 





Production 


Sales 




Average 
unit 


Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 


Quantity 


Value 


value' 


Mixtures not specifically Itemized 

Total 


1,000 
kilograms 

72.562 


1.000 
kilograms 

68.865 


1,000 
dollars 

22,431 


Per 
kitogram 

.33 


Fatty acid residues 


15,562 
57,000 


14,877 
53,988 


1.961 
20,470 


13 


All other mixtures not specifically itemized'* 


.38 



' Calculated from unrounded figures. 

^ Reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 
^ Statistics limited to compounds of carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen; and exclude production and sales of fatty 
amines. Statistics on fatty amines are Included In the section on "Surface-Active Agents.' 

* The difference between the production reported here and that shown on the Preliminary Report on U.S. 
Production of Selected Organic Chemicals (including Synthetic Plastics and Resin Materials). 1990, results from a 
combination of Incorrect reporting by some companies, end-of-year Inventory adjustments, and rounding. 

^ Excludes minor amounts reported as "fatty acids' and "partially hydrogenate'. 

' Statistics exclude production and sales of potassium and sodium stearates. Statistics on these stearates are 
included in the section on "Surface-Active Agents.' 

' Synthetic ethyl alcohol Is conventionally defined as that portion made from ethylene. Bureau of Alcohol, 
Tobacco, and Firearms statistics give the production from "natural' sources, mainly grain. 

' Includes small amount of mixtures of alcohols on both sides of the C1 1 -CI 2 dividing line. 

* Some polyols which are used as intermediates for urethanes have been Included In the section on "Plastics and 
Resin Materials.' 

'° Other than esters, salts, alcohols, acids, or acyl halides, which are tabulated in preceding groups. 
" Products included here are predominately acyclic; however, unspecified amounts of mixtures containing some 
cyclic chemicals may also be included. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



15-9 



Section 15 

Table 15-2 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals statistics ' (according to list in table 15-3) 

Miscellaneous chemicals, cyclic: Yes 

6-Acetoxy-2,4-dimethyl-1,3-dioxane No GiV. 

Acetylcyclohexane sulfonyl peroxide No ART, CKC. 

Alkylated arylamine No SM. 

Alkylated naphthylamine/dioctylphenylamine copolymer No SM. 

Alkylphenol formaldehyde condensate, alltoxylated .... No (^. 

Alkylphenol formaldehyde copolymer No r). 

1-(2-Aminoethyl)pipera2ine No DOW. 

1-(3-Aminopropyl)morpholine No TX. 

Amyl ortho- and para-dimethylaminobenzoates No VND. 

t-Amyl peroxybenzoate No WTL. 

p-Amylphenol No {^. 

Anisaldehyde bisulfite No EKT. 

a-Aspartyl-phenylalanane methyl ester (a-Amino 

succinic etc.) No HXL. 

Benzenephosphinicacid No FER. 

Benzothiazole No CGY. 

Benzotriazole, polychlorinated No EVN. 

Benzotriazole, potassium & sodium saKs No (^). 

Benzoyl peroxide Yes AZT, CAD, NOC. RCI, WTL. 

Benzyl alcohol No KLM. 

Benzyl chloroformate No HCC, VCM. 

Benzyl 4-hydroxy benzoate No CHD. 

Benzoic acid esters: Yes 

Benzoic acid, 2-butoxyethanol ester No PCI. 

Benzoic acid, butyl ester (Butyl benzoate) No UTC. 

Benzoic acid, Cij-Cis ester No FTX. 

Benzoic acid, isodecyl ester No VEL. 

2-Ethylhexyl benzoate No BRI. 

Resorcinol monobenzoate No EKT. 

Sucrose benzoate No VEL. 

Benzoic acid salts: 

Ammonium benzoate No WTK. 

Barium benzoate No CCA, FER. 

Potassium benzoate No KLM, PFZ. 

Sodium benzoate No HCP, JRC, KLM, PFZ. 

a,a-Bis(t-butylperoxy)diisopropylbenzene No WTL. 

Bis(p-chlorobenzoyl]peroxide No CAD. 

Bis(2,4-dichlorobenzoyl) peroxide No CAD. 

Bis(a,a-dimethylbenzyl)peroxide No WTL. 

1.3-Bis(hydroxymethyI)-5,5-dimethylhydantoin No BRD. 

2,2-Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)4-methylpentane No ASL. 

Bis(perfluoroalkyl)bis(alpha-monochbrohydryl)- 

pyromellitate No HCL. 

Bis(triphenyisilyl)chromate No (^. 

Bromochloro-5.5'-dimethyl hydantoin No BRD. 

B-Bromo-P-nitrostyrene No GIV. 

2-Butoxyethyl benzoate (Butyl cellosolve benzoate) ... No (^). 

tert-Butylhydroquinone No EKT. 

2 (and 3)-ten-Butyl-4-methoxyphenol (Butylated 

hydroxyanisole, or, BHA) No EKT UPM. 

Butylmorpholine No TX. 

tert-Butyl peroxybenzoate Yes AZT, FRE, NOC, WTL. 

Camphene No SCM. 

Campholenic aldehyde No SCM. 

Caprolactam (2-Oxohexamethylenimine) Yes ACS, BAS, CNP. 

Caprolactam magnesium bromide No FER. 

Cellulose acetate hexahydrophthalate No (^). 

Cellulose acetate phthalate No EVN. 

Chlorothiaxanthone No PSG. 

Cumene hydroperoxide No BTL, FRE. WTL. 

a-Cumyl peroxyneodecanoate No WTC, WTL. 

See footnotes at end of table. 
15-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 15-2 — Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals statistics ' (according to list in table 15-3) 

Miscellaneous chemicals, cyclic-Continued 

a-Cumyl peroxyneoheptanoate No WTL. 

Cyanuric acid No MON. 

Cyclic silizane No (f). 

Cyclohexane carbonitrile No DUP. 

1,4-Cyclohexanedimethanoldibenzoate No VEL. 

CyclohGxanethiol No PAS. 

All other cyclohexene-1 ,2-dicart)oxylic acid (Tetra- 

hydrophthalicacid),disubstituted, polyester salts ... . No ART. 
2-CyclohexenG-1-octanoic acid, 5 (and 6)-cartx3xy-4- 

hexyl,C2,H3604 No WVA. 

1,4-Cyclohexylenedimethanol No EKT. 

Cyctohexyl methacrylate No CPS. 

Decabromodiphenyl ether (DBDP) No GTL. 

4.4-Diaminodiphenyl ether No MAL. 

1,1-Di(t-amylperoxy)cyciohexane No WTL. 

1 ,8-Dia2abicyclo (5.4.0)undecane No AlP. 

1,4-Dia2obicyclo(2.2.2)octane No (^). 

Dibenzylglycerol No DIX. 

2,6-Di-ten-butyl-p-cresol (BHT or, Butyiated 

hydroxytoluene Yes RDA, UCC, USR. 

Di-t-butyl diperoxyphthalate No WTL. 

2,5-Di-tert-butylhydroquinone No EKT. 

2,6-Di-t-butyl-4-nonylphenol No RDA. 

1,1-Di(t-butyl peroxy) cyclohexane No AZT, WTL. 

1,1 -Di(t-butylperoxy)-3,3,5-trimGthy I cyclohexane No WTL. 

1,3-Dichloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin No BRD. 

Dicumyl peroxide No PRE, WTC. 

Dicyclopentadienyl acrylate No RDA. 

Dicyclopentadienylchromium (Chromocene) No ('). 

Dicyclopentadienyl methacrylate No RDA. 

3-DiGthylamino-6-methyl-7-(2,4-dimethylanilino) 

fluoran No ESA. 

N,N'-Diethyl-N,N'-diphenylurea No VCM. 

Di{2-ethylhexyl)chlorendate No VEL. 

CO-Diethyl-o-phenyl phosphorothioate No ICI. 

2,5-Dihydrothiophene-1,1-dioxidG(SuHolene) No PLC. 

2.4-Dihydroxybenzophenone No BAS. 

2,2'-Dihydroxy-4.4'-climethoxybenzophenone No BAS. 

4,4-Dihydroxymelhyl-2-oxazoline No ANG. 

Diiodomethyl-p-toiylsullone No ANG. 

Diisopropylbenzene hydroperoxide No HPC. 

Diisopropyl/naphthalene suit, acid amine salts No {'). 

p-Dimethoxybenzene (Dimethyl ether of hydroquinone) ASL. 

Dimethyl-1,4-cyclohGxanedicartx3xylate No EKT. 

4,4-DimGthyl oxazolidene No ANG, EFH. 

N,N-Dimethylphenyl urea No AC. 

Dimethyl piperazine No TX. 

Dimorpholine diethyl ether No TX. 

Di-tert-octyl hydroquinone No EKT. 

Dioxane (1,4-Diethylene oxide) No PER. 

1 ,3-Dioxolane No PER. 

Dioxolanone No (^). 

1 ,2-Diphenoxyethane No CHD. 

Diphenyl-t-butylhexyl phosphite No WTC. 

Diphenylisodecyl phosphite No WTC. 

Diphenylisooctyl phosphite No WTC. 

Dipropylene glycol salicylate No SBC. 

Dodecyl pyridinium chloride No TLC. 

6-Elhoxy-12-dihydro-2.2,4-trimethylquinoline No MON. 

Ethyl cyclohexylamine No AlP. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-11 



Section 15 

Table 15-2 — Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified 

by manufacturer, 1990 



Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 
Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals statistics ' (according to list in table 15-3) 



See footnotes at end of table. 
15-12 



VND. 
VND. 



Miscellaneous chemicals, cyclic-Continued 

2-Ethylhexyl-1-p-dimethylaminobenzoate No 

2-Ethylhexyl-p-methoxycinnamate No 

2-Ethylhexyl salicylate No VND. 

4-(N-Ethyl-N-2-hydroxyethyl)-2-methylphenyiene- 

diamine sulfate No WAY. 

4-Etliyi-4-hydroxymethyloxa2oiine No ANG. 

2,2'-hthylidGne-bis(4,6-di-tert-butyiphenoi) (Isonox 

1 29) No SON. 

Ethyiidine norbornene No UCC. 

4-Ethylmorpholine No TX. 

N-Ethyl pyrrolidone No GAR 

Hexabromocyclodecane No GTL. 

Hexahydro-1.3,5-tris(2-hydroxyethyl)-s-triazine No ^^S" ,...,, r,, ^ ,.,^, 

Hexamethylenetetramine. tech Yes BOR, HMP. PLS. WCL 

Homomenthoi salicylate No WTO. 

Hydrindantin No PIC 

Hydroquinone, di(a-hydroxyethyl) ether No EKT. 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, butyl ester No KLM, UPJ. 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, ethyl ester (Ethyl paraben) ... No KLM. 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, methyl ester No KLM. LEM. 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, propyl ester No KLM, LEM. 

N-(Hydroxyethyl)piperazine No SCP. 

2-Hydroxy-4-melhoxybenzophenone No VND. 

Hydroxymethyl-bis-oxazoline No ANG. 

Hydroxymethyl-5,5-hydantoin No BRD. 

a-D-p-Hydroxyphenylglycine methyl ester K No BOG. 

1,2,3-lnaantrione monohydrate (Ninhydrin) No PIC. 

isobornyl acrylate No RDA. 

Isobornyl methacrylate No RDA. 

lsooctyl-3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyhydrocinnamate No ASL. 

Isophorone No ENJ. 

Lead/iron resorcylate salicylate No SHP. 

Maleic anhydride Yes AMO. ART. ASH, DKA, MON. 

Methoxyethyl morpholine No TX. 

4-Methoxyphenol No ASL, EKT. 

Methylbenzene sulfonate No EVN. 

Methyl-p-benzoquinone No EVN. 

2-MethylcyclohGxylaminG No AlP. 

3-(N-Methyl-N-cyclohexylamino)-6-methyl-7-aniiino 

fluoran No GTL. 

4-Methylmorpholine No TX. 

1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone, monomer No ATR. BAS. GAP. (2). 

Methyltetrahydrophthalic anhydride No DIX. 

Methyl thiopinacolone oxime No CED. 

Methylvinyl cyclic siloxane No ( ). „„ ., ,.^ „ 

Morpholine . Yes AlP. BAS. DOW, TX, (2). 

Morpholine salt of gluconic acid No (^). 

Morpholine salt of p-toluene sulfonic acid No AMB. 

Naphthenic acid/polyamine condensates No ( ). 

4-(2-Nitrobutyl) morpholine No ANG. 

N-Nitrosophenylhydroxylamine, ethanolamine salt .... No MAL. 
Furan derivatives; 

2-FuraldGhyde (Furfural) No QKO. 

Furt uryl amine No QKO. 

Furoic acid No QKO. 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol No QKO. 

All other furan derivatives No QKO. 

Lactones: 

Butyrolactone Yes BAS, GAF, UCC. 

Diketene No EKT. 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 15-2 — Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified 

by manufacturer, 1990 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

statistics ' (according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, cyclic-Continued 
Lactones-Contlnued 

Glucono-5-lactone No 

Octabromodiphenyl oxide No 

Oxoaluminumbenzoate/2-ethylhexanoate No 

Pentaerythritol tribenzoate No 

Phenol-sulfonated formaldehyde rosin No 

2-Phenoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monophenyl ether) . No 

Phenoxyethyl acrylate No 

Phenyl acid phosphate No 

Phenyldiisodecyl phosphite No 

a-D-Phenylglycine methyl ester K No 

Phenylpropanolamine No 

Phosphonate ester, cyclic No 

Phthalic acid, lead salt, (Dibasic) No 

Picramic acid, sodium salt No 

Pinene and derivatives: Yes 

Pinane No 

Pinane hydroperoxide No 

2-Pinanol (cis and trans) No 

Pinanols/plinol mixtures No 

a-Pinene Yes 

p-Pinene Yes 

a-Pinene oxide No 

Pinene, suHate No 

Pinene, wood No 

Pine oil, natural, sulfate Yes 

Pine oil, synthetic Yes 

Polyethylene glycol ditallate No 

Polyglycols-toluene diisocyanate reaction product .... No 

Polypropylene glycol ditallate/distearate No 

Propylene glycol dibenzoate No 

Propyl gallate No 

2.4(1H.3H)-Pyrimidinedione (Uracil) No 

p-Quinone No 

Rosin acid salts: 

All other rosin acid salts No 

Salicylic acid, ammonium salt No 

Salicylic acid magnesium salt No 

Styrene oxide No 

Succinic anhydride No 

Succinic anhydride derivatives: Yes 

Dodecenylsuccinic anhydride No 

Dodecylsuccinic anhydride No 

iso-hexadecenyl succinic anhydride No 

Iso-octadecenylsuccinic anhydride No 

Nonenylsuccinic anhydride No 

Octadecenyl succinic anhydride No 

Octenylsuccinic anhydride No 

Polyisobutenyl succinic anhydride No 

All other succinic anhydride derivatives No 

Tall oil acyl chloride No 

Tall oil, chemically modified Yes 

Tall oil, diethanolamine salt No 

Tall oil fatty acids, polymerized No 

Tall oil monomer No 

Tall oil: Neopentyl glycol tallate No 

Tall oil: Pentaerythritol tallate No 

Tall oil, triethanolamine salt No 



BRD. 

GTL. 

KCH. 

VEL. 

HCL. 

SCP UCC. 

CPS. 

ALW. 

WTC. 

BOG. 

ORT 

ALW. 

ALL 

SDC. 

SCM. 

SCM. 

SCM. 

SCM. 

AR2, NCI, SCM. 

ARZ, NCI, SCM. 

SCM. 

ARZ, HPC. 

HPC 

ARZ, NCI, SCM. 

ARZ, NCI, SCM. 

RDA. 



a 



DA. 
VEL. 
EKT. 
PCR. 
EKT 

GP 
WTK. 

KLM, WTK. 
UCC. 
see, MIL. 

DIX, HMY 
MIL. 
DIX. 

DIX, HMY 
HMY 
HMY 

HMY MIL 
SM. 
HMY i?). 

ccc 

FOC, RDA, SHX, WVA, (^), (^). 

OCP. 

SHX, WVA. 

WTC. 

QCP. 

EFH. 

QCP, 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-13 



Section 15 

Table 15-2 — Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified 

by manufacturer, 1990 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 
statistics ' (according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, cyclic-Continued 

Tall oil salts (linoleic-rosin acid salts): 

Cadmium tallate No 

Calcium manganese tallate No 

Calcium tallate No 

Cobalt manganese tallate No 

Cobalt tallate No 

Copper tallate No 

Lead tallate No 

Manganese tallate No 

Potassium tallate No 

Zinc tallate No 

All other tall oil salts (Linoleic-rosin acid 

salts) No 

Tannic acid, N.F No 

Terpene hydrocarbons, monocyclic (Solvenol) No 

Tetrabromobisphenol A No 

1,2,3,4-Tetrahydronaphthalene (Tetralin) No 

Tetrahydrothiophene No 

Tetrahydrothiophene- 1,1 -dioxide (Sulfolane) No 

Thiophene No 

TMPD dibenzoate No 

Tolyltriazole/butyl vinyl ether, combined No 

Tolyltriazole, potassium salt No 

Triallyl trimellitate No 

Triazine No 

3,4,4'-Trichlorocarbanilide No 

Trichloromelamine No 

1,3.5-Trichloro-s-tnazine-2,4,6-(1H,3H,5H)trione 

(Trichloroisocyanuric acid) No 

Tri(2.4-ditertiarybutylphenyl) phosphite No 

Tri(methoxymethyl) tri(stearoxymethyl) melamine No 

3,3,5-Trimethylcyclohexanol (m-homomenthol) No 

3,5.5-Trimethyl-2-cyclohexene-1-one(lsophorone) .... No 

Triphenyl phosphite No 

Twitchell chemicals (Naphthalene/oleic acid, 

sulfonated) No 

Urea toluenesulfonate No 

1-\/inyl-2-pyrrolidinone-other copolymers No 

1 -Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone-methylacrylic acid, 

dimethylamine ethyl ester, copolymer No 

1-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone, monomer No 

1-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone-vinyl acetate copolymer No 

All other cyclic chemicals No 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic; Yes 

Nitrogenous comp>ounds: Yes 

Acetamidoethanol (N-Acetyl-ethanolamine) No 

Ally! ureido monomer No 

Amides: Yes 

Acetamide No 

Acrylamide monomer No 

1,1'-Azobisformamide No 

Behenamide No 

Chloromethylene dimethyliminium (Amide chloride) No 

Coconut oil amide No 

N,N-Diethyldodecanamide No 



CCA. 
MCI. SHP. 

ei 

MCI, SHP 

MCI, SHP 

MCI. 

MCI. 

MCI, SHP 

QCP. 

CCA, MCI, (2). 

CCA, SHP. (2). 

MAL. 

HPC, NCI, SCM. 

GTL, TNA. 

DUP. 

PAS. 

PLC. 

PAS. 

VEL. 

SM. 

0- 

RDA. 
QCP. 
MON. 
GFS. 

MON, OMC. 

WTC. 

WPG. 

ARS. 

ENJ. UCC. 

WTC. 

SCP 
NES. 
GAR 

GAF. 
GAF 
GAF. 
ALW, ARS, BAS, BRD, CWN. EKT. EVN, 

EVN, EVN, EVN, EVN, EVN. GAF, HXL. 

ICI. LYP MCK, MIL, MNA. PIC, QCP. 

RDA, REG, REG, RH, RQT RSA. S. 

SCM, SCP, SDC. SHP, TNA, TX, UCC. 

upj, e). n n n {'). n h n n 
e). ei {'). {')■ 



SBC. 
RDA. 

WTK. 
ACY, (2). 
USR. 

ASL, WTC. 
CWN. 
ARC, FER. 
EVN. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-14 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1990 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 

statistics ' (according to list in table 15-3} 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Nitrogenous compounds-Continued 
Amides-Continued 

N,N-DimGthylacetamide No 

N.N-Dimethylacetoacetamide No 

Dimethylaminopropyl methacrylamide No 

N,N-Dimethylformamide No 

Erucamide Yes 

Erucyl stearamide No 

N-N-Ethylenebiscocoamide No 

N.N'-Ethylenebis-oleamide (Oleic acid- 
ethylenedlamine condensate (Amine/acid ratio > 

1/2)) Yes 

N,N'-Ethylenebis(stearamide) Yes 

Ethylene(12)hydroxystearamide No 

Fatty acid amide mixtures No 

Methacrylamide No 

N-MethylacGtamide No 

OleamidG (Octadecene amide) Yes 

Oleoylpalmitamide No 

Oxamide No 

Stearamide (Octadecane amide) No 

Stearylerucamide No 

Stearyl stearamide No 

Tallow amide No 

Tallow amide, hydrogenated No 

All other amides No 

Amines: Yes 

t-Alkylamines, primary, mixed No 

Allylamines: Yes 

Diallylamine No 

Triallylamine No 

N.N'-Bis(2-amino-2-mGthyl)propyl-1,2-ethane 

diamine No 

Bis-hexamethylenetriamine amine No 

Butylamines: Yes 

n-Butylamine, mono No 

sec-Butylamine, mono No 

tert-Butylamine, mono No 

Dl-n-butylamine No 

Diisobutylamine No 

Tri-n-butylamine No 

n-Butylethylamine No 

Di-tert-butylethyldiamine No 

Diethylaminopropylamine No 

Diethylenetriamine No 

Diisopropylamine No 

2,2-Dimethyl-N-(2-aminoGthyl)-1 ,2-ethane diamine No 

Dimethylaminopropylamino No 

DimethylGthyl amine (DMEA) No 

Dodecamethylenediamine No 

Ethylamines: 

Diethylamine Yes 

Ethylamine, mono- No 

Triethylamine Yes 

Ethylenediamine Yes 

(2-Ethylhexyl)amine, mono- No 

N-Ethyl-2-methylallylamine No 

Fatty amines No 

1,6-Hexanediamine(Hexamethylenediamine) .... No 



DUP, EKT, MON. 

BRD. 

TX. 

AlP, DUP. 

ARC, SYP, WTC. 

WTO. 

WTC. 



BRD, CCW, WTC. 
BRD, CCW, WTC. 
CAS. 
ARC. 
DUP. 

ARS. EKT. 
ARC, SYP, WTC. 
HXL. WTC. 
HML. (2). 
ARC. SYP. WTC. 
HXL, WTC. 
WTC. 
QCP. 
ARC. 

AC, ARS, CAS, DOW, MIL. QCP. SDC. 
VCM, (\ 

BRD. RH. 

HCL, ICI. 
HCL. 

HXL. 
DUP, MON. 

AlP, PAS. 

FER, PAS. 

MON, SC. 

AlP, PAS. 

AlP, HCL. 

AlP. PAS. 

AlP. 

HCL. 

UCC. 

ARC, DOW. TX. 

AlP, PAS, UCC. 

HXL. 

AlP, BAS. TX, (2). 

BAS 

(% 

AlP. HCL. PAS, QTR, UCC 

AlP, HCL, PAS. QTR, UCC. 

AlP, PAS, QTR, UCC. 

DOW, TX, UCC. 

PAS. 

HCL. 

NCI. 

DUP. MON. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-15 



Sec lion 15 

Table 15-2 — Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers ' identification ccxies 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals statistics ' (according to list in table 15-3) 

Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Nitrogenous compounds-Continued 
Amines-Continued 

n-Hexylamine No CXI, PAS. 

Isopropylamlnes: 

Isopropylamine. mono No AlP, HCL, PAS. UCC. 

Methylamines: 

Dimethylamine Yes AiP DUP, IMC, RDA, UCC. 

Methylamine, mono- No Aip DUP IMC, RDA. 

Trimethyl amine Yes AIP, DUP IMC, RDA. 

tert-Octyiamine No RH, (^). 

n-Octylamine, mono No ELC. 

Pentaethylenehexamine No DOW, UCC. 

Pentylamines (amylamines): 

Dipentylamine No PAS. 

Pentylamine, mono- No PAS. 

Tripentylamine No PAS. 

Propylamines: 

Dipropylamine No AIP, HCL, PAS. 

Propylamine, mono- No AIP, PAS. 

Tripropylamine No AIP, PAS. 

N,N,N',N"-Tetrabutylhe)(anediamine No MON. 

Tetraethylenepenlamine No DOW, UCC. 

N,N,N',N'-Tetramethyl-1,3-butanediamine No UCC. 

Tetramethylethylenediamine No BKM. 

Triethylenediamine No TX. 

Triethylenetetramine No DOW, TX, UCC. 

All other amines No ANG, MON, SCR UCC. 

5-Amino-1,3-bis(2-ethylhexyl-5-methyl)- 

hexahydropyrimidine No ANG. 

2-Amino-1 -butanol No CED. 

2-Aminoethanol hydrochloride No OMC, (^). 

2-Aminoethanol (Monoethanol amine) sulfite No EVN. 

Aminoethoxyethanol No TX. 

2-(2-Aminoethylamino)ethanol 

(Aminoethylethanolamine) No DOW, {^). 

(2-Aminoethyl)amino ethanol. reaction product with 

octadecanoic acid No BRI. 

2-Aminoethyl mercaptoacetate (Monoethanolamine 

thioglycolate) No EVN. 

2-Amino-2-ethyl-1,3-propanediol No ANG. 

2-Amino-2-(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-propanediol 

[Tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane] No ANG, CED, GON, WTK. 

2-Amino-2-methyl-1 ,3-propanediol No ANG. 

2-Amino-2-methyl-1-propanol No ANG, CED, GON. 

Bis(dimethylaminoethyl) ether No TX. 

tert-Butylaminoelhyl methacrylate No CPS, RDA. 

ten-Butyldiethanolamine No PAS. 

ten-Butyl urea No PAS. 

Choline No RH. 

Diallyldimethyl ammonium chloride No CPS, (^). 

Di-amine derivatives of dimer acids No WTC. 

2-Dibutylaminoethanol No PAS. 

Dibutylaminomethanol, condensed with formaldehyde No (^). 

2-Diethylaminoethanol(N,N-Diethylethanolamine) .. No PAS. 

2-{2-Diethylaminoethoxy)ethanol No PAS. 

Diethylaminoethylacrylate, dimethyl sulfate, 

quaternary salt No CPS. 

2-Diethylaminoethyl methacrylate No CPS, DUP. 

Diethylcarbamoyl chloride No GAR 



See footnotes at end ol table 



15-16 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 15-2 — Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals statistics ' (according to list in table 15-3) 

Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Nitrogenous compounds-Continued 

Diethylhydroxylamine No PAS. 

1 ,3-Diethyl-2-thiourea No PAS. 

2-Diisopropylaminoethanol (N,N- 

Diisopropylethanolamine) No PAS. 

Dimethylamine epichlorohydrin copolymer No GPS. 

2-Dimethylaminoethanol{N,N-DimethylGthanolamine) No AlP, PAS. 

Dimethylaminoethyl acrylate No GPS. 

Dimethylaminoethyl acrylate, dimethyl sulfate, 

quaternary salt No GPS. 

Dimethylaminoethylacrylate, methyl chloride. 

quaternary salt No GPS. RDA. 

Dimethylaminoethyl chloride No SK. 

Dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate No GPS, RDA. 

Dimethylaminoethylmethacrylate. dimethyl sulfate, 

quaternary salt No GPS, RDA. 

Dimethylaminoethylmethacrylate. methyl chloride, 

quaternary salt No GPS. RDA, UGG. 

Dimethylaminoethylmethacrylate sulfate No RDA. 

Dimethylaminomethanol No (^). 

1 •{Dimethylamino)-2-propanol No PAS. 

Dimethylaminopropyi chloride No SK. 

Dimethyl soy amine No (^). 

Ethanolamines Yes 

Diethanolamine Yes GNE. DOW. OMC. TX. UGG. 

Monoethanolamine Yes GNE. DOW. OMG. TX. UGG. 

Triethanolamine Yes GNE. DOW. OMG. TX. UGG. 

2-Ethylamlnoethanol (Ethylmonoethanolamine) .... No PAS. 

2-Ethylhexyl nitrate ethyl ester No BUG. 

N-Ethyl-N-hydroxyethyl-1.4-pentanediamine No SDW. 

2-Ethyl-2-nitro-1 .3-propanediol No SDW. 

Fatty acid, alkanolamine ester No (^. 

Fatty acid/polyamine condensates No (^. 

Hexamethylenediamine adipate (Nylon salt) No DUP MON. ('). 

Hexamethylene-1.6-diisocyanate(HDI) No MOB. 

Hexylamine ethoxylate No GXI. 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-12-hydroxystearamide No GAS. 

2-(Hydroxymethyl)-2-nltro-1.3-propanediol(Tris- 

(hydroxymethyl)nitromethane) No ANG. GED. 

Iminodiacetic acid No HMP. 

Isopropanolamines: 

Diisopropanoiamine No DOW. 

Dimethyl isopropanolamine No PEL. 

Monoisopropanolamine No DOW. 

Triisopropanolamine No DOW. 

2-lsopropylaminoethanol No PAS. UGG. 

Ketimine, tetrafunctional No SM. 

3-Methoxypropylamine Yes BAS. PAS, TX. 

Methylaminoacetaldehyde dimethyl acetal (MAADMA) No ASL. 

2-Methylaminoethanol (N-Methylethanolamine) .... No UGG. 

Methyl ammonium chloride No NOD. 

2.2'-(Methylimino)diethanol (Methyldielhanolamine) . Yes DOW, PAS. TX. UGG. 

Methyl isocyanate No RDA. 

2-Methyl-2-nitro-1 -propanol No ANG. GED. 

Mixed higher glycol amine (MHGA) No AlP. 

Nitrated lard oil No SM. 

Nitriles: Yes 

Acetonitrile Yes BKC. DUP SOH. (=*). 

Acrylonitrile, monomer Yes AGY. DUP. MON. SG. SOH. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-17 



Section 15 

Table 15-2 — Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1990 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 
statistics ' (according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Nitrogenous compounds-Continued 
Nitriles-Continued 

Adiponitrile No 

Aminodimethyl butyronitrile No 

2,2-Azobis(dimethyl pentane nitrile) No 

2.2-Azobis(2-methyl butane nitrile) No 

2.2'-Azobis[2-methylpropionitrile] 

(Azobisisobutyronitrile) No 

Cyanoacetic acid (Malonic nitrile) No 

1 -(2-Cyanoethyl)elhyl urea No 

Ethyl cyanoacGtate No 

Isobutyronitrile No 

Methyl cyanoacetate No 

4-Methyl-5-hydroxymethyl imidazole No 

2-Methyllactonitrile (Acetone cyanohydrin) Yes 

Octadecenenitrile (Oleonitrile) No 

Propionitrile No 

Tallow nitrile No 

3,3'-ThiodipropionitrilG No 

Tnchloroacetonitrile No 

All other nitriles No 

2-Nitro-1 -butanol No 

Nitroethane No 

Nitromethane No 

1 -Nitropropane No 

2-Nilropropane No 

Polyoxypropylene triamine No 

n-Propylaminoethanol No 

Semicarbazide hydrochloride No 

Tetraethyl ammonium bromide No 

Tetramethylammonium chloride No 

Thiosemicarbazide No 

Tnethanolamine hydrochloride No 

Triethanolamine, sulfuric & phosphoric acid salts .... No 

Triethylamine, nitric acid sah No 

Triethylenetetramine, propoxylated No 

All other nitrogenous compounds, acyclic No 

Acids, acid anhydrides, and acyl halldes: Yes 

Acetic acid, synthetic (100%) Yes 

Acetic anhydride, other than recovered acetic 

anhydride No 

D-(-)-3(Acetylthio)-2-methylpropanoyl chloride No 

Acrylic acid Yes 

Adipic acid No 

Anhydride-acid mixture No 

Azelaic acid No 

2,2-Bis(hydroxymethyl)propionic acid No 

2-Bromohexanoic acid No 

Butyric acid No 

Butyric anhydride No 

Butyryl chloride No 

Castor oil fatty acids, dehydrated No 

Chtoroacetic acid, mono No 

Citric acid No 

Crotonic acid (2-Butenoic acid) No 

Decanoic acid (Capric acid) No 

DecanoyI chloride No 

2,2-Dichloroacetyl chloride No 



DUP, MON. (2). 

NOD. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP, EKX. 

NOD. 

GAP. 

NOD. 

EKX. 

NOD. 

SK. 

CYR. DUP, RH. SOH. 

ARC. 

MON. 

SHX. 

EVN. 

OMC. 

AC. EKT, HMP. HXL. RSA. TNA. WTC. 

CED. 

ANG, GON. 

ANG. GON. 

ANG. GON. 

ANG. GON. 

TX. 

PAS. 

OMC. 

RSA. 

RSA. 

FMT 

WPG. 

(^. 

HXL 

AlP. ANG. CCC. EVN. HXL. OMC. PAH. 

RDA. REG. RSA, SCM. SK. TX. UCC. 

WTL. (2).(2). 

AiP. ARC. EKT, HCL. SC. UCC. USI, (2). 

EKT. HCL. 

BRS. 

BAS. HCL. RH. UCC. 

DUP, MON. 

HCL. 

SCP 

IMC. 

EKT. 

EKT. HCL. PEN. 

EKT. 

TLC. 

CAS. 

NCC. PFZ. 

HAR. PFZ. 

EKT. 

ARC. 

WTL. 

RDA. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-18 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Tabl« 15-2 — Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1990 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 

statistics ' (according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Acids, acid anhydrides, and acyl halides-Continued 

Dimer acid {Cx aliphatic dibasic acid) Yes 

DImethylpropionIc acid (Neopentanoic acid) No 

DIthiodiglycoiic acid No 

DIthiodipropionic acid No 

Dodecanedioic acid No 

Dodecanolc acid (Laurie acid) No 

2-Ethylhexanoic acid (a-Ethylcaproic acid) No 

2-Ethylhexanoyl chloride Yes 

Etidronic acid ((l-Hydroxyethylidene)biphosphonic 

acid) No 

Fatty acids Yes 

Fatty acids, hydrogenated Yes 

Fatty acids, partially hydrogenated No 

Formic acid, 90% No 

Fumaric acid Yes 

Gluconic acid, technical No 

Glutaric acid No 

Glycolic acid (Hydroxyacetic acid) No 

Heptanoic acid No 

Hexadecanoic acid (Palmitic acid) No 

Isoascorbic acid (Erythorbic acid) No 

Isobutyric acid No 

Isobutyric anhydride No 

Itaconic acid (Methylenesuccinic acid) No 

Lactic acid, 1 00% No 

LauroyI chloride No 

Malic acid No 

Mercaptoacetic acid (Thioglycolic acid) No 

3-Mercaptopropionic acid No 

Mercaptosuccinic acid (Thiomalic acid) No 

Methacrylic acid No 

Methanesulfonic acid No 

Methanesulfonyl chloride No 

Neo-Cj-Ciz acids No 

Neodecanoic acid No 

NeodecanoyI chloride Yes 

NeoheptanoyI chloride No 

Neopentanoic/neoheptanoic acids No 

Nonanoic acid (Pelargonic acid) No 

Octanoic acid (Caprylic acid) No 

Oleic acid No 

Oxidized Fischer-Tropsch wax No 

PivaloyI chloride Yes 

Polyacrylic acid No 

Propionic acid Yes 

Propionic anhydride No 

Sebacic acid No 

Sorbic acid (2.4-Hexadienoic acid) No 

Stearic acid (Octadecanoic acid) No 

Tetradecanoic acid (Myristic acid) No 

3.3'-Thiodipropionic acid No 

Thiodisuccinic acid No 

Trilluoroacetic acid No 

Trifluoroacetic anhydride No 

Trif luoroacetyl chloride No 

Trimer dibasic acids No 

Undecylenic acid No 

Valeric acid No 



SOP. SYL, WTO. 

QTR. 

EVN. 

EVN. 

DUR 

ARC. 

EKT, UCC. 

DUP, PPG, WTO. WTL. 

BRD. 

ARC, CAS, DRL, PG. SHX, WTC. 

BRD, CAS, DRL, SHX, SYR WTC, (2). 

SYP. WTC. 

HCL 

HAR, MON. PFZ. 

PFZ. PMR 

DUP 

DUP 

HCL. 

ARC. 

PFZ, RDA. 

EKX. 

EKT. 

PFZ. 

SC. 

WTL. 

HAR. 

EVN. 

EVN, WTC. 

EVN. 

DUP. RH. 

PAS. 

PAS. 

ENJ. 

ENJ. 

PPG, WTC, WTL. 

WTC, WTL. 

ENJ. 

HCL, SCP 

ARC. 

ARC. DRL, WTC. 

SOA. 

PPG, WTC, WTL. 

BFG, BKM, RH. 

EKT, HCL, UCC. 

EKT. 

WTH. 

EKT MNA. 

ARC. 

ARC. 

EVN. 

EVN. 

HOC. 

HOC. 

HOC. 

WTC. 

WTL. 

UCC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-19 



Section 15 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or ^les were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1990 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Acids, acid anhydrides, and acyl halides-Continued 

All other acids, acid anhydrides, and acyl halides ... No 

Salts of organic acids: 

Acetic acid salts: Yes 

Aluminum acetate No 

Ammonium acetate No 

Barium acetate No 

Calcium acetate No 

Cobalt acetate No 

Cobalt manganese acetate No 

Copper acetate No 

Hydrazine acetate No 

Lead acetate No 

Lead subacetate No 

Magnesium acetate No 

Nickel acetate No 

Potassium acetate Yes 

Sodium acetate Yes 

Sodium diacetate No 

Zinc acetate No 

Zirconium acetate No 

Adipic acid, ammonium salt No 

Adipic dihydrazide No 

3-Allyloxy-2-hydroxypropane sulfonic acid, sodium 

salt No 

Citric acid salts: 

Ammonium citrate No 

Calcium citrate No 

Potassium citrate No 

Sodium citrate No 

Diammonium dithiodiglycolate No 

2-Ethylhexanoic acid (alpha-ethylcaprolc acid) salts . . . Yes 

Barium 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Bismuth 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Cadmium 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Calcium 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Cerium 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Chromium 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Cobalt 2-ethylhexanoale Yes 

Copper 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Ferrous 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Iron 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Lead 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Manganese 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Nickel 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Potassium 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Rare earths 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Stannous 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Zinc 2-ethylhexanoate Yes 

Zirconium 2-ethylhexanoate No 

All other 2-ethylhexanoic acid salts No 

Fish oil, C,4-C22 menhaden, lead salts No 

Formic acid salts: Yes 

Aluminum formate ts|o 

Calcium formate No 

Sodium formate, technical No 

Gluconic acid salts: 

Sodium gluconate No 

Glycolic acid, potassium salt No 

Glycolic acid, sodium salt No 



ARC, DUP. ENJ. HOC, MAL, SK, UCC. 
WTL. 



NCC. 

ARC, BKC, WTK. 

BKC. 

HFT, NCC. 

SHR 

SHR 

BKC. 

FMT. 

BKC. 

BKC. 

BKC. EKT, SHP. 

SHR 

BKC. HCR JRC. NCC. PEL. 

ATL. BKC, HCR JRC, MAL, NCC, UCC. 

HCR JRC. NCC. 

BKC. SHR WTK. 

TZC. 

ACS. 

FMT 

RDA. 

WTK. 

PFZ. 

HAR. HXL, PFZ. 

BRI, HAR, HXL, PFZ. 

EVN. 

WTC. 

SHR 

WTC. 

CCA. FER. MCI. NOD, TRO. WTC. 

CCA. SHR 

MCI. SHR 

CCA, MCI. NOD. SHR TRO. 

CCA, MCI, NOD. 

CCA. 

NOD. 

CCA. NOD. SHR 

CCA. MCI. NOD. SHR TRO. 

MCI. SHR 

CCA, MCI, PEL, WTC. 

MCI. 

FER. 

CCA, FER, MCI, NOD, SHR TRO, VNC 

WTC. 

CCA, MCI, TRO. 

FER. NOD. 

ELC. 

WTK. 

IMC, QTR. RDA. 

BKC. PST 

PFN, PFZ, PMR 
HCR JRC. 
HCR JRC, 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-20 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturefs ' identification codes 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals statistics ' (according to list in table 15-3) 

Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Salts of organic acids-Continued 

2-HydroxyethanGsulfonic acid, sodium salt No RDA. 

isoascorbic acid, sodium salt (Sodium erythorbate) . . No PFZ. 
Tertiary-alpha-alkyicarboxylic acid salts 
(isocarboxylic acid salts): 

Calcium t-a-alkylcarboxylate No MCI. 

Cobalt t-a-alkylcarboxylate No MCI. 

Cobalt/zirconium t-a-alkylcarboxylate No MCI. 

Copper t-a-aikyicarboxylate No MCI. 

Iron 1-a-alkylcarboxylate No MCI. 

Lead t-a-alkylcartX3xylate No MCI. 

Manganese t-a-aikylcarboxylate No MCI. 

Mixed t-a-alkylcartx)xylic acid salts No MCI. 

Zinc t-a-alkylcarboxylate No MCI. 

Zirconium t-a-alkylcart)oxylate No MCI. 

Lactic acid salts: 

Potassium lactate No PFN. 

Sodium lactate (Nalac) No BFP, PFN. 

Laurie acid salts: Yes 

Barium cadmium laurate No FER, WTC. 

Barium laurate No SYP. 

Cadmium laurate No SYP. 

Laurie acid, zinc salt No SYP. 

Tin laurate No FER. 

Maleic acid salts: No 

Dibutyltin maleate No WTC. 

All other maleic acid salts No ALL 

Mercaptoacetic acid (thioglycolic acid) salts: 

Ammonium mercaptoacetate No EVN, WTC. 

Sodium mercaptoacetate No EVN. 

All other mercaptoacetic acid (Thioglycolic 

acids) salt No (^). 

N-Methyl taurine, sodium salt (2-Methyl-2- 

aminoethanesultonic acid, sodium salt) No RDA. 

Neodecanoic acid, diethanolamine salt No OCP. 

Neodecanoic acid salts: 

Bismuth neodecanoate No SHP. 

Calcium neodecanoate No FER, MCI. 

Cobalt neodecanoate No MCI. SHP. 

Lead-cobalt neodecanoate No MCI. 

Lead neodecanoate No MCL 

Lithium neodecanoate No MCI. 

Manganese neodecanoate No MCI, SHP. 

Neodecanoic acid, potassium salt No QCP. 

Neodecanoic acid, sodium salt No QCP. 

Rare earths neodecanoate No MCI. 

Zinc neodecanoate No SHP. 

Zirconium neodecanoate No MCI, SHP. 

Octanoic-acid (caprylic acid) salts: 

Aluminum octanoate Yes NOC, SYP. WTC. 

All other octanoic acid (Caprylic acid) salts No WTC. 

Oleic acid salts: Yes 

Calcium oleate No (^. 

Copper oleate No MCI. 

Sodium oleate No QCP, WTC. 

Oxalic acid salts: Yes 

Ammonium oxalate No BKC, HML, WTK. 

Potassium oxalate Yes BKC, HML, WTK. 

Sodium oxalate No BKC, HML. 

See footnotes at end of table. 

15-21 



Section 15 

Table 15-2 — Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1990 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 

statistics ' (according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Salts of organic acids-Continued 
Oxalic acid salts-Continued 

All other oxalic acid salts No 

Pelargonic acid, calcium salt (Calcium nonoate) .... No 
Phosphorodithioic acid salts (dithiophosphates): 

Potassium dihexyl phosphorodilhioate No 

Sodium di-sec-bulyl/diethylphosphorodithioate ... No 

Sodium di-sec-butyl phosphorodithioate No 

Sodium diethyl phosphorodithioate No 

Sodium dihexyl phosphorodithioate No 

Sodium diisobutyl phosphorodithioate No 

Sodium diisopropyl phosphorodithioate No 

Propionic acid salts: Yes 

Ammonium propionate No 

Calcium propionate Yes 

Sodium propionate Yes 

All other propionic acid salts No 

Ricinoleic acid salts: 

Calcium ricinoleate No 

Lithium ricinoleate No 

Ricinoleic acid, magnesium salt No 

Sorbic acid, potassium salt No 

Stearic acid salts: Yes 

Aluminum stearates: Yes 

Aluminum distearate No 

Aluminum monostearate No 

Aluminum tristearate Yes 

Barium stearate No 

Cadmium stearate No 

Calcium stearate Yes 

Cobalt stearate No 

Lead stearate, dibasic No 

Lithium stearate No 

Magnesium stearate Yes 

Manganese stearate No 

Potassium stearate No 

Silver stearate No 

Sodium stearate No 

Zinc stearate Yes 

Tartaric acid salts: 

Potassium sodium tartrate No 

Thioacetic acid, potassium salt No 

All other salts of organic acids No 

Aldehydes: Yes 

Acetaldehyde No 

Acrolein (Acrylaldehyde) No 

Butyraldehyde Yes 

Crotonaldehyde No 

2-EthylhGxanal (2-Ethylcaproaldehyde) No 

Formaldehyde (37% HCHO by weight) Yes 

Glyoxal No 

Isobutyraldehyde No 

Propionaldehyde No 

Valeraldehyde (Pentanal) No 

All other aldehydes, acyclic No 

Ketones: Yes 

Acetone Yes 



WTK. 
SYR 

ACY 

ACY 

ACY ELC. 

ACY ELC. 

ACY 

ELC. 

ACY 

KMi. 

DVR. HFT. NCC. 

HFT, KMi, NCC. 

MCK. 

CAS. 
CAS. 
CAS. 
EKT. 



MAL. NOC, NOD. SYP. 

MAL, NOD, SYR 

MAL. NOD. SYR WTC. (*). 

NOD, SYR WTC. 

SYR WTC. 

PER, MAL, NOD, SCR SQA. SYR WTC. 

SHR 

ALL 

WTC. 

MAL, NOD, SYR WTC. 

SHR 

WTC. 

WTC. 

WTC. 

MAL, NOC, NOD. PLS. SYR WTC. 

PFZ. 
RSA 
EVn! SDC. SK. (2). 

EKX. HCL. 

UCC. 

BAS, EKX, HCL. UCC. 

EKT. 

EKX UCC 

AQU. BCR BOR. CBD. DGC, DUR GAR 

GR HCL. IMC. MON. QTR, UCC. 

WCL. 
ACY BAS. 
BAS. EKX. UCC. 
EKX. HCL. UCC. 
UCC. 
ASL. UCC. 

ACS. ART ATR. BTL. DOW, ENJ. GE, 
GGC, SHC, UCC, {"). 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-22 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Tabis 15-2 — Continued 

MiscAllaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified 

by manufacturer, 1990 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 

statistics ' (according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Ketones-Continued 

5-Chloro-2-pentanone No 

1 -Chloro-1 -penten-3-one (|J-Chlorovinyl ethyl Icetone) No 

Diisopropyi ketone (2,4-Dimethyl-3-pentanone) .... No 

2-Heptanone (Methyl amyl ketone) No 

3-Heptanone (Ethyl butyl ketone) No 

4-Hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pGntanone (Diacetone alcohol) Yes 

isovalerone (Diisobutyl ketone) No 

Methyl ethyl ketone Yes 

5-Methyl-2-hexanone (Methyl isoamyl ketone) No 

Methyl isobutyl ketone Yes 

Methylisopropyl ketone No 

4-Methyl-3-pGnten-2-one (Mesltyl oxide) No 

Methylpropyl ketone No 

Methylpseudoionone No 

2-Octanone (Hexyl methyl ketone) No 

2,4-Pentanedione (Acetylacetone) No 

3-Pentanone (Diethyl ketone) No 

Pseudoionone No 

2,6,8-Trimethyl-4-nonanone (isobutyl heptyl ketone) No 

All other ketones No 

Alcohols, monohydric, unsubstituted: Yes 

Alcohols. On or lower, unmixed (95% or more pure): Yes 

Allyl alcohol No 

Amyl alcohols: 

2-Methyl-1 -butanol No 

3-Methyl-1 -butanol No 

1 -Pentanol No 

Butyl alcohols: 

n-Butyl alcohol (n-Propylcarbinol) Yes 

sec-Butyl alcohol (Methylethykiarbinol) No 

tert-Butyl alcohol (Trimethylcarbinol) No 

isobutyl alcohol (isopropylcarbinol) Yes 

1 -Decanol No 

Ethyl alcohol, synthetic Yes 

2-Ethyl-1-hexanol Yes 

n-Hexyl alcohol I^o 

Isodecyl alcohol No 

Isoheptyl alcohol No 

Isononyl alcohol No 

Iso-octyl alcohol No 

Isopropyl alcohol Yes 

Methanol, synthetic Yes 

2-Methyl-3-butyn-2-ol No 

2-MGthyl-1 -pentanol No 

4-Methyl-2-pentanol (1-Methylisobutylcarbinol) ... No 

1-Octanol No 

2-C)ctanol (sec-Capryl alcohol) No 

Propyl alcohol (Propanol) Yes 

2-Propyn-1-ol (Propargyl alcohol) No 

Undecanol (Linear C,, alcohol) No 

All other alcohols, unmixed C,, or tower No 

Alcohols C,2 or higher, unmixed (95% or more pure): Yes 

Dodecyl alcohol (Lauryl alcohol) No 

1-Hexadecanol (Cetyl alcohol) Yes 

Isooctadecanol No 

1 -Octadecanol (Stearyl alcohol) No 

cis-9-OctadGcen-1-ol (Oleyl alcohol) No 



SOW. 
ASL. 
EKX. 

EKT, ei 

UCC. 

HCL, SHC, UCC. 

EKT, UCC. 

ATR, ENJ, HCL, LYP, SHC, UCC. 

EKT. (2). 

EKT. ENJ, SHC, {^). 

EKX. 

UCC. 

EKT. 

NCI. 

UPM, WTH. 

SCP, UCC. 

UCC. 

NCI. SCM. 

UCC. 

ASL, EKT. 



ATR. FMB. 

UCC. 
CPS. 
UCC. 

BAS, CXI, EKX. GAP, HCL. SHC, UCC. 

VST (^). 
ENJ. SHC. 
ATR. (2). 

BAS, CPS, EKX, HCL, SHC, UCC. 
TNA, VST 

DOW, EKX, HCL, SHC, UCC, USI, VST 
ART BAS, EKX, SHC. UCC. 
TNA, VST 
ENJ. 
ENJ. 
ENJ. 
ENJ. 

ATR. ENJ, LYR SHC, UCC. 
AlP, ATR, BCP DUP EKT, GGC, HCL, LYP. 

PLC. TOC, USI, (=>). 

{'). 

UCC. 

ENJ, UCC. 

TNA, VST 

WTH. 

ATR, EKX, HCL, UCC. 

GAP. 

BAS. 

TX, UCC, WTK. 

PG, TNA, VST (*). 

PG. TNA. VST (^). 

SHX 

PG, TNA, VST {")■ 

SHX. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-23 



Section 15 

Table 15-2 — Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1990 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics ' (according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Alcohols, monohydric, unsubstituted-Continued 
Alcohols C,2 or higher, unmixed (95% or more pure) 
-Continued 

l-Tetradecanol (Myristyl alcohol) No 

Mixtures of alcohols: Yes 

Alcohol mixtures, C,, or lower only Yes 

Mixtures of alcohols, C-,2 and higher Yes 

All other alcohol mixtures No 

Esters of monohydric alcohols: Yes 

0,2-0,5 alcohol-lactates No 

Allyl methacrylate No 

Amyl acetates: 

Amyl acetate (n-Pentyl acetate) No 

Butyl acetates: 

n-Butyl acetate Yes 

Isobutyl acetate No 

Butyl acrylate Yes 

sec-Butyl chloroformate No 

Butyl formate No 

Butyl lactate No 

Butyl maleate No 

Butyl mercaptopropionate No 

Butyl methacrylate No 

Butyl oleate No 

n-Butyl perchlorocrotonate No 

Oarboxyethyl acrylate No 

Cetyleicosyf methacrylate No 

Oetyl lactate No 

Diallyl maleate No 

Dibutyl maleate No 

Didecyl adipate No 

Diethyl carbonate (Ethyl cart)onate) No 

Di(2-ethyl-1 -hexyl) maleate No 

Diethyl maleate No 

Diethyl oxalate (Ethyl oxalate) No 

Dilauryl-3,3'-thiodipropionate Yes 

Dimethyl carbonate No 

Dioctyl maleate No 

Distearyl-3,3'-thiodipropionate Yes 

Dithiobis(stearyl propionate) No 

Ditridecyi maleate No 

Di(tridecyl)-3,3'-thiodipropionate No 

Dodecenyl succinic acid No 

Dodecenylsuccinic lactate No 

Dodecylpientadecyl methacrylate No 

2-Ethoxyethyl acetate No 

Ethyl acetate (100% basis) Yes 

Ethyl acetoacetate No 

Ethyl acrylate Yes 

Ethyl chloroformate No 

Ethyl chlorothioformate No 

Ethyl 3-ethoxy propionate No 

2-Ethyl-1 -hexyl acetate No 

2-Ethyl-1 -hexyl acrylate Yes 

2-Ethythexyl chloroformate No 

2-Ethyl-1 -hexyl methacrylate No 

Ethyl maleate, mono No 

Ethyl methacrylate No 



PG, VST, (2). 

BAS, PG, SHC, TNA, UOC, VST 
PG, SHC. TNA, VST (^). 
VST 

VND. 
OPS. 

UCO. 

BAS, EKT HOL, UOC. 

BAS, EKT HOL, UOC. 

BAS, HOL, RH, UCC. 

PPG, VOM, WTL. 

AMB. 

OPS. 

SOP 

EVN. 

DUP, RH. 

ELC. 

MAL. 

RDA. 

RH. 

VND. 

RDA. 

ART NOD. 

OOP. 

PPG. 

OHP, SHX. 

ACY 

(2). 

COW, EVN, WTO. 

PPG. 

ART NOD. 

AOY COW, EVN. WTO. 

EVN. 

DUP. EFH. 

EVN, WTO. 

HMY 

SM. 

RH 

ONE, UOC. 

EKT EKX, HCL. MON. UCC. 

BRD, EKT. 

HCL. RH, UCO. 

PPG. 

Id. 

EKT, TX. 

EKT. 

BAS. HCL. PPG. UCC. VOM. 

HCL. WTL. 

DUP 

RDA. 

DUP. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-24 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 15-2 — Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers ' identificatior) codes 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals statistics ' (according to list in table 15-3) 

Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Esters of monohydric alcohols-Continued 

Ethyl suKate (Diethyl sulfate) No ICI, UCC. 

Fatty acid esters, not included with plasticizers or 

surface active agents: Yes 

Diisopropyl dimerate No SBC. 

Diisostearyl dimerate No SBC. 

Dioctyl dimerate No WTC. 

Docosanyl docosenoate No SBC. 

2-Ethylhexyl stearate No BRI. 

Isocetyl stearate No VND. WTC. 

isopropyl linoleate No VND. 

isostearyl isostearate No SBC. 

Methyl behenate No WTC. 

Methyl esters of coconut oil No PG. 

Methyl esters of lard oil No FER. 

Methyl esters of tallow Yes CHL. FER, WTC, {^). 

Methyl 12-hydroxystearatG No CAS. 

Methyl iso-octadecenoate No SYL. 

Methyl linoleate No HRT 

Methyl oleate No CHL. 

Methyl pentachlorostearate No VCM. 

Methyl stearate No CHL, WTC. 

Myristyl mynstate Yes RDA, SBC, VND. 

Myristyl stearate No WTC. 

Stearyl stearate No RDA. 

Tridecyl stearate No HCL, RDA, WTC. 

Fatty acid esters, not Included with 

plasticizers surface-active agents No BRD, SCP, SHX, WTC. 

Hexyl acetate No ENJ. 

Hexyl acrylate No CPS. 

Hexyl neopentanoate No SBC. 

Isobutyl acrylate No BAS. 

Isobutyl chloroformate No PPG, VCM. 

Isobutyl isobutyrate No EKX. 

Isobutyl methacrylato No RH. 

Isodecyl acrylate No CPS, RDA. 

Isodecyl methacrylate No RH. 

isooctyl acrylate No RDA. 

Iso-octyl mercaptoacetate No CCW, EVN. 

lso-octyl-3-mercaptopropionate No EVN. 

Isopropyl acetate Yes EKT, HCL, UCC. 

Isopropyl chloroformate No PPG, VCM. 

Isostearyl neopentanoate No SBC, VND. 

Lauryl acrylate No CPS. 

Lauryl lactate No VND. 

Lauryl methacrylate No CPS, RH. 

1 -Methoxy-2-ethyl acetate No EKX. 

2-Methoxyethyl acrylate No CPS. 

Methyl acetoacetato No BRD. EKT. 

Methyl acrylate. monomer No HCL. 

Methyl butyrate No PD. 

Methyl chloroformate No PPG. 

Methyl 3,3-dimethyl-4-pentenoate No FMN. 

Methyl formate No HCL. 

Methyl methacrylate, monomer Yes CYR, DUP RH. 

Methyl pivaloylacelate No EKT. 

Methyl sulfate (Dimethyl sulfate) No DUP NOD. 

Myristyl lactate No CAS, SBC, VND. 

Octadecyl-3-mercaplopropionato No EVN 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-25 



Section IS 

Table 15-2 — Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified 

by manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals statistics ' (according to list in table 15-3) 

Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Esters of monohydric alcohols-Continued 

Phosphorus acid esters: Yes 

Alkoxylated acid phosphate No ALW. 

Amy! hydrogen phosphate No HK. 

Bis-(2-chloroethyl)-2-chloroethylphosphonate No ALW. 

Bis(2-ethylhexyl)hydrogen phosphite No ALW. 

Butyl acid phosphate No ALW, HK. 

ChloroalkyI diphosphate ester, neutral No ALW. 

ChloroaikyI phosphate ester No ALW. 

Dibutyl butylphosphonate No ALW. 

Dibutyl hydrogen phosphite No ALW. 

Dibutyl pyrophosphate No ALW. 

Diethylhexyl phosphoric acid No ALW. 

Diethyl hydrogen phosphite No ALW. 

Diethyl phosphorochloridothionate No TNA. 

Dimethyl hydrogen phosphite No ALW. 

Dimethyl methylphosphonate No ALW. 

2-Ethylhexyl hydrogen phosphate No ALW. 

Iso-octyl hydrogen phosphate No ALW. 

Methyl dihydrogen phosphate No HK. 

Mixed dialkyi hydrogen phosphates, amine salts .... No ELC. 

mono(2-Ethylhexyl)-2-ethyihexyl-phosphonicacid . . . No ALW. 

Stearyl acid phosphate No HK. 

Tetraisopropylmethylenediphosphonate No ALW. 

Tetrakis(2-chloroethyl)ethylene diphosphate No OMC. 

Tetrakis(2-chloroisopropyl)ethylene diphosphate 

(T-RDT) No OMC. 

TrialkyI thiophosphite No GE. 

Triethyl phosphite No ALW, ICI. 

Triethyl phosphonacetate No AMV. 

Triisodecylphosphite No WTC. 

Triisooctyl phosphite No ALW, GE. 

Triisopropyl phosphite No ALW. 

Trimethyl phosphite No ALW, ICI. 

Tns(2-chloroethyl)phosphate No PEL. 

Tris(2<hloroethyl) phosphite No ALW. 

Tris-2<hloropropyl phosphate No ALW, PEL. 

Tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propy I) phosphate No ALW. 

Tris(2-ethylhexyl)phosphite No ALW. 

All other phosphorus acid esters No ALW, ('). 

Propyl acetate Yes BAS, EKT, HCL, UCC. 

n-Propyl chloroformate No WTL. 

Propyl chlorothioformate No TX. 

Stearyl methacrylate No CPS, RH, TX. 

Tetraethyl orthosilicate (Tetraethyl silicate) No UCC. 

Tetrapropyl silicate No UCC. 

Titanic acid esters: 

Bis[2-(bis[2-hydroxyethyl]amino)ethyl) 

diisopropyl titanate No DUP. 

Bis(ethyl-3-oxobutanato)bis(2-propanolato) 

titanium No DUP. 

Di{hydroxy)bis(ammoniumlactato)titanium No DUP. 

Tetrabutyl titanate No DUP. 

Tetraisopropyl titanate No DUP. 

Tetrakis(2-ethylhexyl)titanate No DUP NOD. 

Triethanolamine titanate No NOD. 

All other titanic acid esters No DUP. 

Triethyl onhoacetate No NOD. 

Triethyl orthoformate No NOD. 



See footnotes at end ot table. 



15-26 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 15-2 — Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified 

by manufacturer, 1990 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

statistics ' (according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 

Esters of monohydric alcohols-Continued 

Triethyl orthopropionate No 

Trimethyl orthoacetate No 

Trimethyl orlhoformate No 

Vinyl acetate, monomer Yes 

All other monohydric alcohol esters No 

Polyhydric alcohols: Yes 

2-Bromo-2-nitropropanediol No 

1 .2(and 1 ,3)-Butanediol No 

1 ,4-Butanediol Yes 

2-Butene-1 ,4-diol No, 

2-Butyne-1 ,4-diol No 

3-Chloro-1,2-propanediol (Glycerol a-chlorohydrin) . 

2, 2-Dimethyl-1, 3-propanediol (Neopentyl glycol) ... No 

Ethylene glycol Yes 

2-Ethyl-1 ,3-hexanediol No 

2-Ethyl-2-(hydroxymethyl)-1, 3-propanediol 

(Trimethylolpropane) No 

Glycerol, synthetic only No 

1 ,6-Hexanediol No 

2-(Hydroxymethyl)-2-methyl-1, 3-propanediol 

(Trimethylolethane) No 

Mannrtol No 

3-Mercapto-1,2-propanediol (Thioglycerol) No 

2-Methyl-2,4-pentanediol (Hexylene glycol) No 

Pentaerythritol Yes 

Propylene glycol (1 ,2-Propanediol) Yes 

Sorbitol (70% by weight) Yes 

Sorbitol, crystalline Yes 

Starch, hydrolyzed and hydrogenated No 

2.2,4-Trimethyl-1,3-pentanediol No 

Xylitol (1,2,3,4,5-Pentane(OH)5) No 

All other polyhydric alcohols No 

Esters and ethers of polyhydric alcohols: Yes 

Polyhydric alcohol esters: Yes 

2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethyl acetate Yes 

2-Butoxyethyl acetate Yes 

1 ,3-Butylene glycol ditiorate/hexylene glycol 

twric anhydride No 

1 .3-Butylene glycol dimethacryiate No 

Diethylene glycol adipate No 

Diethylene glycol, borated No 

Diethylene glycol dimethacryiate No 

Dipropylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate No 

2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)othyl acetate No 

Ethylene glycol diacetate No 

Ethylene glycol dimercaptoacetate No 

Ethylene glycol dimethacryiate No 

Glycerides, mixed C,4-,s and C,s-ia, mono- and di- . . Yes 

Glyceryl diacetate (Diacetin) No 

Glyceryl monoacetate (Monoacetin) No 

Glyceryl monothioglycolate No 

Glyceryl triacetate (Triacetin) No 

Hydroxyethyl acrylale No 

Hydroxyethyl methacrylate No 

Hydroxypropyl acrylate No 

Hydroxypropyl methacrylate No 



NOD. 
NOD. 
NOD. 

DUP, HCL, UCC, USI. 
BAS, COC, DUP ENJ, f^ON, RDA, SBC. 
SCP SDC, VND, (2), (2). 

ANG. 

HCL 

ATR,' BAS, DUP GAR 

GAR 

BAS, GAR 

DIX, EVN. 

BAS EKX 

BAS! CNE, CXI, DOW, EKT, EKX, HCL. 

OMC, PDG, PLC, SCP SHC, TX, UCC. 

USi. (2). 
SCP UCC. 

HCL 

BRD, DOW, SYP C). 

BAS, CXI. 

IMC, QTR. 

ICI. 

EVN. 

ATR, SHC, UCC. 

AOU, HCL, PST RDA. 

ATR, DOW, OMC, TX, UCC. 

BRD, HOR ICI, PRZ, ROT 

BRD, EHC. PRZ, ROT 

BRD. 

EKX. 

BRD. 

ICI, QKO. 



CNE, EKT, UCC. 
CNE, EKT UCC. 

USB. 

CPS. 

HAL. 

OMC. 

CPS. 

(2). 

EKT 

EKT. 

EVN. 

CPS 

BRD, SHX, WTC. 

HAL. 

HAL. 

EVN, WTC. 

EKT. 

DOW, RH. 

RDA, RH. 

DOW, RH. 

RH 



See footnotes at end of table 



15-27 



Section 15 

Table 15-2 — Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified 

by manufacturer, 1990 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers ' identHication codes 
statistics ' (according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Esters and ethers of polyhydric alcohols-Continued 
Polyhydric alcohol esters-Continued 

2-Methoxyethyl acetate No 

2-Methoxyethyl carbonate No 

1-Methoxy-2-propyl acetate No 

Neopentyi glycol oleate No 

Neopentyl glycol vegetable oil ester No 

Pentaerythritol tetrakis (3-Mercaptopropionate) No 

Pentaerythritol tetrastearate No 

Polyethylene glycol oleate No 

Polypropylene glycol ester No 

Propylene glycol dicaprylatecaprate No 

Sucrose octa-acetate No 

Trimethylolpropane decanoic acid ester No 

Trimethylolpropane tallowate (TMP tallowate No 

Trimethylolpropane triacrylate No 

Trinfiethylolpropane trimethacrylate No 

Trimethylolpropane trioleate (TMP trioleate) No 

Trimethylolpropane tris-3-mercaptopropionate No 

2,2,3-Trimethyl-1,3-pentanediolmonoisobutyrate ... No 

Tripropylene glycol diacrylate No 

All other polyhydric alcohol esters No 

Polyhydric alcohol ethers: Yes 

Bis(2-butoxyethyl)ether (Diethylene glycol di-n- 

butyl ether) No 

Bis(2-ethoxyethyl)ether (Diethylene glycol 

diethyl ether) No 

Bis(2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethyl] ether 

(Tetraethylene glycol dimethyl ether) No 

Bis(2-methoxyethyl)ether (Diethylene glycol 

dimethyl ether) No 

2-Butoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether) . Yes 

2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol 

monobutyl ether) Yes 

2-[2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethoxy)ethanol (Triethyiene 

glycol monobutyl ether) Yes 

1 -Butoxyethoxy-2-propanol No 

i-Butyraldehyde trimer No 

Diethylene glycol Yes 

Diethylene glycol mono-n-propyl ether No 

Dimethoxyethane (Ethylene glycol dimethyl ether) . . 

2-Ethoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether) . Yes 
2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol 

monoethyl ether) Yes 

2-[2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethyiene 

glycol monoethyl ether) Yes 

Ethylene glycol di-tributyl ether No 

Ethylene glycol di-triethyl ether No 

Ethyl ethers of tetra and higher ethylene glycols 

(high boiling) No 

Glycerol monoallyl ether No 

Glycol ethers derived from propylene oxide: 

Dipropylene glycol Yes 

Dipropylene glycol monomethyl ether (3-(3- 

methoxypropoxy)propanol) No 

Ethylene glycol di-tri-propyl ether No 

Propylene glycol monomethyl ether (1-Methoxy-2- 

propanol) No 

Tripropylene glycol Yes 



UCC. 

EKT 

(2). 

OOP. 

QCP. 

EVN. 

HPG. 

SM. 

SM. 

ATR. 

HFT. 

SM. 

QCP. 

GPS. 

GPS. 

EFH. 

EVN. 

EKX. 

GPS 

DUP.' EVN, GPI. SQA. TX. UCC. 



PER. 

PER. 

PER. 

PER. 

GNE. DOW. EKX, SHC. UCC. 

GNE. EKX. SHC. UCC. 

GNE. DOW, UCC. 

UCC. 

(^. 

BAS. GNE. DOW. EKX. HCL. OMC. PDG. 

SHC, TX. UCC. 
EKX. SQA. 
PER. 
GNE. EKX, OMC. UCC. 

GNE. EKX. OMC. UCC. 

GNE. OMC. UCC. 
EKX. PER. 
EKX. 

OMC. 
RDA. 

ATR. DOW. OMC. UCC. {'). 

OMG. (^). 
EKX. 

OMG. C). 

ATR. DOW, UCC. {'). 



See footnotes at end of table. 
15-28 



Syntheuc Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 15-2 — Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified 

by manufacturer, 1990 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 
statistics ' (according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Esters and ethers of polyhydric alcohols-Continued 
Polyhydric alcohol ethers-Continued 
Glycol ethers derived from propylene oxide-Continued 

Tripropylene glycol monomethyl ether {3-(3-[3- 

methoxypropoxy]propoxy)propanol) No 

All other propylene glycol ethers No 

2-[2-(Hexyloxy)ethoxyjethanol No 

2-Methoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monomethyl 

ether) Yes 

2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol 

monomethyl ether) Yes 

2-[2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol 

(Triethylene glycol monomethyl ether) Yes 

2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethyl-2-methoxyethyl ether 

(Triethylene glycol dimethyl ether) No 

Methoxypolyethylene glycol Yes 

Paraformaldehyde No 

Poiyelher polyols based on propylene oxide: 

Polypropylene glycol Yes 

Polypropylene glycol butyl ether (Poiypropoxy 

butyl ether) No 

Polypropylene glycol butyl ether, ethoxyiated 

(Poiypropoxy butyl ether, ethoxyiated) No 

Polypropylene glycol glycerol triether 

(Polypropoxyglyceryl triether) No 

All other polyether polyols based on 

propylene oxide No 

Polyethoxy propoxy diethylene glycol ether No 

Polyethylene glycol No 

Polyethylene glycol butyl ether, propoxylated No 

Polyethylene glycol dimethyl ether No 

Polyglycols, ethylene glycol and glycol ether, 

mixed No 

Polyoxyalkylene glycol No 

Polyoxypropylene polyoxyethylene glycol, mixed .... No 

Polytetramethyiene glycol ether Yes 

Propoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monopropyl ether) . 

Propylene glycol, alkoxylated No 

Sorbitol, alkoxylated No 

Sorbitol, ethoxyiated Yes 

Sorbitol monooleate No 

Sorbitol monostearate No 

Tetraethylene glycol Yes 

Tetra/penta glycols, mixed No 

2.2'-Thiodielhanol (Thiodiglycol) Yes 

Triethylene glycol No 

All other polyhydric alcohol ethers No 

Bromlnated, chlorinated and fiuorinated hydrocarbons: 
Brominated (including bromochlonnated) 

hydrocartxsns; No 

1-Bromobutane (n-Butyi bromide) No 

Bromochloromethane No 

Bromodocosane No 

1 -Bromododecane No 

Bromoethane (Ethyl bromide) No 

1-Bromohexadecane No 

1-Bromohexane (n-Hexyl bromide) No 



OMC, (2). 

ATR. 

UCC. 

ONE, OMC. UCC. 

CNE, DOW, OMC. UCC. 

CNE, DOW, OMC, TX, UCC. 

PER, OMC. 
PPG, RDA. UCC. 
HCL. 

BAS. DOW. OMC, PPG, RDA. TX, (\ (\ 

PPG. 

BAS, PPG. 

PPG, RDA. 

ATR. 
RDA. 
ABB, BAS. DOW. OMC, PPG, RDA, SHX. 

UCC, 
ICI. 
DAN, SHX 

HCL UCC, (\ 

0. h 

OMC. 

UCC. 

BAS, DUP, QKO, 

EKX 

(^ 

ICI. PPG, (2). 

WTC. 

WTC. 

DOW, EKX, UCC, (\ 

CNE, CXI. 

MRT OMC, PLC, RDA. 

CNE, CXI, DOW, EKX, HCL. OMC. PDG. 

SHC. TX, UCC, (^. 

DOW, DUP MIL, SCP UCC. 



DAZ, GTL. 

TNA. 

HMY 

HMY 

GTL. 

HMY 

HMY 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-29 



Section IS 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified 

by manufacturer, 1990 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics ' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Brominated, chlorinated and fluorinated hydrocarbons 

-Continued 
Brominated (including bromochlorinated) 

hydrocarbons-Continued 

1-Bromo-3-methyl-2-butene No 

1 -Bromo-octadecane No 

1 -Bromopropane (n-Propyi bromide) No 

1 ,4-Dibromobutane No 

Dibromomethane (Methylene bromide) No 

Vinyl bromide (Bromoethylene) No 

All other brominated (Including bromochlorinated) 

hydrocarbons No 

Chlorinated (not otherwise halogenated) 

hydrocarbons: Yes 

CartxDn tetrachloride Yes 

Chlorinated paraffins (Cio-Cso): No 

Chlorinated paraffins, 35-64% chlorine Yes 

Chlorinated paraffins, less than 35% chlorine No 

Chlorinated paraffins, 65% or more chlorine Yes 

1 -Chlorobutane (n-Butyl chloride) No 

Chloroform Yes 

Chloromethane (Methyl chloride) Yes 

3-Chloropropene (Allyl chloride) No 

1 ,2-Dichloroethane (Ethylene dichloride) Yes 

2,3-Dichloropropene No 

Ethyl chloride (Chloroethane) Yes 

Lauryl chlorides No 

Methylene chloride (Dichloromethane) Yes 

Octyl chloride No 

Perchloroethylene (Tetrachloroethane) Yes 

Tetrahydroalloocimenyl hydrochbride (Tetrahydro- 

dimethylatriene hydrochloride No 

1 ,1 ,1 -Trichloroethane (Methyl chloroform) Yes 

1,1,2-Trichloroethane (Vinyl trichloride) No 

Trichloroethylene No 

1 ,2,3-Trichloropropane No 

Vinyl chloride, monomer (Chloroethylene) Yes 

Vmylidene chloride, monomer (1,1- 

Dichloroethylene) No 

All other chlorinated (Not otherwise halogenated) 

hydrocarbons No 

Fluorinated (including other f luorohalogenated) 

hydrocarbons: Yes 

Bromochlorodifluoromethane No 

2-Bromo-1-chloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane No 

2-Bromo-2-chloro-1,1.1-trifluoroethane (Halothane) . No 

Bromotrifluoromethane No 

1-Chloro-1,1-difluoroethane(F-142b) No 

Chloroditluoromethane (F-22) Yes 

2-Chloro-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane(F-124) No 

Chlorotrlfluoroethylene (Trifluorovinyl chloride) No 

2-Chloro-1 , 1 ,2-trifluoroethy I methyl ether No 

Chlorotrifluoromethane (F-13) No 

Dibromodifluoromethane No 

1,2-Dibromo-1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane No 

Dichlorodifluoromethane (F-12) Yes 

Dichlorotetralluoroethane (F-114) No 

Dichloro-trifluoroethane (F-123) No 



SD. 

HMY 

DAZ. GTL. 

HMY 

TNA. 

TNA. 

FER. HMY TNA. 



AKZ. DOW. FRO. HK. LOP. 

DVC. FER. HK. 

DVC. SHC. 

DVC. FER. HK. 

ALW. 

DOW. FRO. HK. 

DCC. DOW. FRO. HK. LCP. SPD. VST 

DOW. SHC. 

ALW, BFG. DOW. FOR, FRO. GGC. HK. 

OMC, PLC. PPG. SHC. VST 
DOW. SHC. 

DOW. DUP, LCP. PPG. TNA. 
BRD. 

DOW. FRO, HK. LCP. 
BRD. 
DOW, FRO, HK, MIL. PPG. 

NCI. 

DOW. FRO, PPG. 
DOW. 

DOW. PPG. 
DOW. 

BCP BFG. DOW. FOR. GGC. HK. PPG. 
VST 

DOW. PPG. 

BRD, TNA. 



GTL. 

HOC. 

HOC. 

DUP, GTL. 

PAS. 

ACS, DUP. LRO. PAS. RCN. 

{')■ 

ACS. 

OH. 

DUP. GTL. 

GTL. 

{'). 

ACS. DUP, LRO, PAS, RCN. 

ACS, DUP. 

DIX, HOC. 



See footnotes al end of table. 



15-30 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Table 15-2 — Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified 

by manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals statistics ' (according to list in table 15-3) 

Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Brominated, chlorinated and fiuorinated hydrocartxjns 
-Continued 
Fiuorinated (including other fluorohalogenated) 
hydrocarbons-Continued 

1,1-Difluoroethane No DUP. {^). 

Hexafluoropropylene, monomer No DUP. 

1-lodopertluorohexane No DUP. 

1 ,2,2.2-Tetrafluoroethane (F-134a) No HOC. 

Tetrafluoroethylene (F-1114) No DUP. 

Tetrafluoromethane(F-14) No DUP. 

Trichlorofluoromethane (F-11) Yes ACS, DUP LRO, PAS, RCN. 

Trichlorotritluoroethane (F-11 3) No ACS, DIX. DUP. 

Trifluoropropjene No HOC. 

Vinyl fluoride, monomer No DUP. 

Vinylidene fluoride, monomer No PAS. 

All other fiuorinated (Including other fluoro- 
halogenated) hydrocarbons No DUP, HOC, REG. C). 

Other miscellaneous acyclic chemicals: Yes 

lodinated (not otherwise halogenated) hydrocarbons: 

Diiodomethane (l\^ethylene iodide) No DPW. 

lodoethane (Ethyl iodide), non-medical No DPW, RSA. 

lodomethane (Methyl iodide) No RSA. 

All other iodinated (Not otherwise halogenated) 

hydrocarbons No DPW, RSA, 

Acetylacetonates: 

Aluminum acetylacetonate No MCK. 

Titanium acetylacetonate No NOD. 

All other acetylacetonates No MCK. 

Acyclic peroxides: Yes 

Acetylacetone peroxide No CAD. 

tert-Amyl hydroperoxide No WTC, WTL. 

t-Amylperoxy acetate No WTL. 

t-Amylperoxy neodecanoate No WTL. 

t-Amylperoxy pivalate No WTL. 

2-Butanone peroxide (MEK peroxide) Yes CAD. FRE, NOC. WTC. WTL. 

n-Bulyl-4.4-bis(t-butylperoxy]valerate No WTL. 

t-Butyl-2-ethylhexyl monoperoxycartxjnate No WTL. 

ten-Butyl hydroperoxide No ATR, FRE, WTC, WTL. 

tert-Butyl peroxide (Di-tert-butyl peroxide) No WTC, WTL. 

tert-Butyl peroxyacetate No AZT, WTL. 

tert-Butyl peroxy-2-ethylhexanoate Yes AZT, WTC, WTL. 

tert-Butyl peroxyisobutyrate No WTL. 

tert-Butyl peroxyisopropylcartxinate No WTL. 

tert-Butylperoxy maleic acid No WTC, WTL. 

tert-Butyl peroxyneodecanoate No WTC. WTL. 

tert-Butyl peroxyneoheptanoate No WTC. 

tert-Butyl peroxypivalate No AZT, WTC. 

DecanoyI peroxide No WTL. 

Di(sec-butyl)peroxydicartx)nate No WTL. 

Di-(2-ethylhexyl) peroxydicarbonate No WTC, WTL. 

2,5-Dihydroperoxy-2,5-dimethylhexane No WTL. 

DiisononanoyI peroxide No WTL. 

2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di(tert-butylperoxy)hexane .... No AZT, WTL. 

2.5-Dimethyl-2,5-di(lert-butylperoxy)hexyne-3 . . No AZT, WTL. 

2,5-Dimethyl-2.5-di(2-ethylhexanoyl peroxy)hexane WTC, WTL. 

1 . 1 -Dimethyl-3-hydroxybuty l-peroxy neohexanoate No WTL. 

Di-n-propyl peroxydicarbonate No WTL. 

Ethyl 3,3-di(t-butyl peroxy) butyrate No WTL. 

LauroyI peroxide No WTL. 

2,4-Pentanedione peroxide No WTL. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-31 



Section 15 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1990 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

statistics ' (according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Other miscellaneous acyclic chemicals-Continued 
Acyclic peroxides-Continued 

Peroxyacetic acid (Peracetic acid) No 

Succinyl peroxide No 

Tertiary amy! per-2-ethylhexanoate No 

n-Butanol, ethoxylated No 

Carbon disulfide No 

Carboxylic acid all^oxyjates No 

Epoxides, ethers, and acetals: Yes 

Ethyl-3.3-di(t-amylperoxy)butyrate No 

Bis(2-chloroethyl)ether (Dichlorodiethyl ether) ... No 

Butylene oxide No 

Butyl vinyl ether No 

Chloromethyl methyl ether No 

2.2-Dichloro-1,1-difluoroethyl methyl ether No 

Diethoxyethane No 

Dimethyl sulfone No 

Epichlorohydrin No 

Ethylene oxide Yes 

Ethyl ether No 

Ethyl vinyl ether No 

Glycidol (2,3-Epoxy-1-propanol) No 

Glycidyl ethers: 

Alky! glycidyl ether. Ci2-Ci4 and Ciz-Cig No 

Alkyl glycidyl ethers, Ce-Cio No 

1 -(Allyloxy)-2,3-epoxypropane (Allyl glycidyl 

ether) No 

1 .4-Butanediol diglycidyl ether No 

1-Buloxy-2,3-epoxypropane (Butyl glycidyl 

ether) No 

tert-Butyl glycidyl ether No 

Glycerol polyglycidyl ether No 

Polyol glycidyl ether No 

Isopropyl ether No 

Methylal (Dimethoxymethane) No 

Methyl vinyl ether No 

Propylene oxide No 

1,1 ,3,3-Tetramethoxypropane No 

All other epoxides, ethers, acetals No 

Ethyl succinyl chloride No 

Ethytthioacetate No 

Fats and oils, chemically modified: Yes 

Brominated vegetable oil No 

Castor oil, hydrogenated No 

Castor oil, polymerized No 

Chlorinated fatty materials No 

Hydrogenated menhaden fish oil No 

Hydrogenated tallow glycerldes Yes 

Tallow, partially hydrogenated No 

Vegetable glycerides, hydrogenated No 

All other tats and oils, chemically modified No 

Glutaraldehyde bis(sodium bisulfite) No 

Hydrocarbons: Yes 

n-Decane , . fsjo 

Diisobutylene isomers No 

3,3-Dimethylbutene No 

n-Dodecane No 

Hexadecana No 

Hexadecene No 



FMB. 
WTL. 

WTC. WTL. 
WTL. 
PAS. 



WTL. 

BKM. 

DOW 

GAR 

RH. 

OH. 

WPG. 

CRZ. 

DOW, 

BAS. 

SUN, 

EKX. 

GAF. 

DIX. 



SHC 

CNE.boW. EKX. HCL, OMC. SHC. 
TX. UCC, USI. VST 
USI. 



RDA. 
PDA. 

CPS. RDA. 
RDA. 

CPS. RDA. 

CPS, 

RDA. 

RDA. 

SHC. 

HCL. 

GAF, UCC. 

ATR. 

NOD. 

GAF, UCC. 

CWN. 

CAS. 

DOM. 

CAS. 

CAS. 

FER. 

CHL, WTC. 

BRD. CHL. WTC. 

CHL. 

WTC. 

ARC. BRD, CJO, EVN. SCP SM. 

FMT 

HMY, PLC. 

NCI. 

PLC. 

HMY. PLC. 

HMY 

{')■ 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-32 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table 15-2 — Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1990 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 
statistics^ (according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Other miscellaneous acyclic chemicals-Continued 
Hydrocarbons-Continued 

Myrcene No 

n-Octadecane No 

n-Octane No 

n-Tetradecane No 

Tetradecene No 

Tetrahydroalloocimene No 

Ail other hydrocartxjns No 

2-M8rcaptoethanol No 

Methyl sulfide (Dimethyl sulfide) No 

Methyl sulfoxide (Dimethyl suHoxide) No 

Octadecanoic acid, 2-(1<art)Oxyethoxy)-1-methyl-2- 

oxoethyl ester, sodium salt No 

Organo-aiuminum compounds: 
Aluminum di-sec-butoxide acetoacetic ester 

chelate No 

Aluminum diisopropoxide acetoacetic ester chelate 
Aluminum ethyi-3-oxobutanoato-0\0^-dihydroxy T-4 
Aluminum [1 ,3-butanedialato(2)-0,0'](ethyl-3- 

oxobutanoato-O'.O-'-hydroxy T-4 No 

Aluminum isooctoxide, diisopropoxide No 

Aluminum isopropoxide (Aluminum isopropyiate) . No 

Aluminum tri-sec-butoxide No 

Diethylaluminum chloride No 

Diethyl aluminum ethoxide No 

Diethylaluminum iodide No 

Diisobutylaluminum chloride No 

Diisobutylaluminum hydride No 

Di-n-propylalumlnum chloride No 

Ethylaluminum dichloride No 

Ethylaluminum sesquichloride No 

Isobutylaluminum chloride No 

isopropenylaluminum No 

Oxoalumlnum isopropoxide No 

Oxoaluminum stearate No 

Oxyaluminum octanoate No 

Polyol aluminum chelate No 

Tri-n-butylaluminum No 

Triethylaluminum No 

Tri-n-hexyl aluminum No 

Triisobutylaluminum No 

Trimethylaluminum No 

Tri-n-octylaluminum No 

Tri-oxyaluminum tri-isopropoxide No 

All other organo-aiuminum compounds No 

Organo-boron compounds: Yes 

Boric acid-amine adducts No 

N-Methyl-methanamine with borane (1:1) No 

2-Methyl-2-propanamine with borane(1 :1 ) No 

Mixed alcohol borates No 

TriethyltMDrane No 

Trimethoxyboroxine No 

Trimethyl tx>rate No 

N.N.N-Trimethyl methanaminium octahydrotriborate No 

All other organo-boron compounds No 

Organo-lithium compounds: 

n-Butyllithium No 

sec-Butyllithium No 

Lithium hydroxystearate No 

Organo-magnesium compounds: 

Butyl ethyl magnesium No 



SCM. (2). 
HMY. 

HMY, PLC. 
HMY 

(=^- 

NCi. 

DUP, HMY. WTK. 

MRT PLC. RDA. 

PLC. 

GAY 

WTC. 



CHT 

CHX KCH. 
KCH. 

CHT 

KCH. 

CHT KCH. 

CHT 

TNA. TSA. 

TSA. 

TNA, TSA. 

TNA, TSA. 

TNA. TSA. 

TSA. 

TNA(E). TSA. 

TNA(E). TSA. 

TNA. TSA. 

TSA. 

KCH. 

CHT. KCH. 

CHT. KCH. 

SQA. 

TNA. TSA. 

TNA(E). TSA. 

TNA(E). TSA. 

TNA(E). TSA. 

TNA(E), TSA. 

TNA, TSA. 

CHT 

CHT KCH, TNA(E). TSA. 

FER. 

0- 

MHI. 

(")• 

ADC. HCL. HXL. RDA. TSA, (*). 

FTE. 
FTE. 
WTC. 

TSA. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-33 



Section 15 

Table 15-2 — Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified 

by manufacturer, 1 990 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers ' ider)tification codes 
statistics^ (according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Other miscellaneous acyclic chemicals-Continued 

Di-n-hexyl magnesium No 

Magnesium methylate No 

Organo-silicon compounds: 

N-Aminoethylaminopropyltrimethoxysilane No 

a-Chloropropyltrichlorosilane No 

Di-n-butylmagnesium No 

Chloropropyllrimethoxysilane Yes 

Chlorolrimethylsilane No 

Dichlorodimethylsilane No 

Dichloromethylsilane No 

Dichloromethylvinylsilane No 

Diisobutyl dimethoxychloro sliane No 

Divinyl tetramethyldisiloxane No 

a-Glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane No 

Hexamethyldisilazane Yes 

Hexyltrichlorosiiane No 

Isobutyltrimethoxysilane No 

Mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane No 

a-Methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane No 

Methyltrimethoxysilane and poiymethyltrisiloxane . No 

N-Octyltriethoxy silane No 

Polyoxyalkene silicones No 

Silicone fluids Yes 

Tetramethyldisiloxane No 

Trichloromethylsilane No 

Trichloropropylsilane No 

Trichlorovinylsiiane No 

Tris(2-methoxyethoxy)vinyl silane No 

Tris(pentametnyldisiloxanyl)-3- 

methacrylatopropylsilane No 

Vinyldimethylchlorosilane No 

Vinyttriethoxysilane No 

Vinyl trimethoxy silane No 

All other organo-silicone compounds No 

Organo-tin compounds: 

Dibutyltin bis(Dutylmaleate No 

Dibutyitin bis(isooctylmercaptoacetate) No 

Dibutyltin dichloride No 

Dimethyltin dichloride No 

Dimethyltin-IOTG No 

Ester tin dilaurate No 

Monomethyl tin No 

Organotin mercaptides No 

All other organo-tin compounds No 

Orqano-zinc compounds: 

Diethylzinc No 

All other organo-zinc compounds No 

Perfluoroalkyl polyether No 

Phosgene (Carbonyl chloride) Yes 

Polyalphaoiefins No 

Polyhexafluoropropylene oxide No 

Polymethacrylic acid esters No 

Potassium 2-methyl-2-butanol No 

Potassium 2-methyl-2-propanol No 

Sodium methoxide (Sodium methylate) No 

Trilluoroethanol No 

ZIrcoaluminate compounds No 

All other miscellaneous acylic chemicals No 



TSA. 
SOi. 

DOG. NOD. 

DCC. 

TSA. 

DCC. NOD. UCC. 

DCC. 

DCC. 

DCC. 

DCC. (2). 

NOD. 

NOD. (2). 

NOD, UCC. 

DCC. NOD. PCR. 



So 



CC. NOD. 
NOD. UCC. 
UCC. 
DCC. UCC. 

{^. 

UCC. 

DCC. SPD. SWS. UCC. 



g 



CC. 
DCC. 

DCC. UCC. 
NOD. 

ARA. 

{\ 

NOD. UCC. 

NOD. 

NOD. SCP, UCC. (2). (2). (2). 

CCA. 

WTC. 

CCA. WTC. 

WTC. 

WTC. 

CCA. 

CCW. 

')• 

Tw„. 

TSA. 

DUR 

DUP, ICI. OMC. PPG. VDM. 

USi. 

DUP. 

DUP. WTL. 

HK. OMC. 

HOC. 

KCH 

ASL. BRS, COC. CWN, EKT. ENO. EVN. 

HXL. MCK, MIL. PAH. PFZ. PiC. QCP. 

RSA. SCP. SHX. TCC. TNA. TSA. USR. 

WTL. C). 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-34 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 

Tabic 15-2— Continued 

MIsotllanaous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified 

by manufacturer, 1990 

Separate Manufacturers ' identification codes 
Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals statistics ' (according to list in table 15-3) 

Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic — Continued 
Other miscellaneous acyclic chemicals — Continued 

Mixtures not specificall/ itemized: Yes 

Alcohols, monohydnc, and their esters, Cg and 

higher No EKX. 

Butyl formcel No HCL. 

Celtone No HCL. 

Fatty acid residues Yes BRD. DRL. SHX. SYP. WTO. 

Gluconic acid and salts, mixed No PMP. 

Glycol residues No OMC. 

Methyl formcel No HCL. NOD. 

Oxidate light ends No HCF. 

Oxo process bottoms No CXI. 

Propionic blends No HCL. 

All other mixtures not specifically itemized No AlP. DUP, HCL. LYP. MON, NES, UCC. 

WAY 

' Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by Yes ' Chemicals for which data are 
accepted in confidence and may not t>e published are indicated by 'No.' 

' The manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. international Trade Commission. 



15-35 



Section 15 

Table 15-3 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1990 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



ABB Abbott Laboratories 

AC AC & S. Inc. 

ACS Allied Signal Inc., Engineered Material 

Sector 

ACY American Cyanamid Co. 

ADC Anderson Development Co. 

AlP Air Products & Chemicals, Inc. 

AKZ Akzo Chemical, Inc. 

ALI Anzon, Inc. 

ALW Albright & Wilson. Inc. 

AMB American Bio-Synthetics Corp. 

AMO Amoco Corp. 

AMV Amvac Chemical Corp. 

ANG Angus Chemical Co. 

AQU Aqualon Co. 

ARA Syntex Chemicals, Inc. 

ARC Akzo Chemicals, Inc. 

ARS Arsynco, Inc., Sub. Div of Aceto Corp. 

ART Aristech Chemical Corp. 

ARZ Arizona Chemical Co. 

ASH Ashland Oil, Inc. 

ASL Speciattychem Products Corp. 

ATL Atlantic Industries, Inc. 

ATR Atlantic Richfield Co., Arco Chemical 

Co. 

AZT Catalyst Resources, Inc. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BCC Buffalo Color Corp. 

BCP Borden Chemical & Plastics Delaware 

Limited 

BFG B.F. Goodrich Co. 

BFP American Ingredients Company 

BKC J. T Baker Chemical Co. 

BKM Buckman Laboratories, Inc. 

BOC Biocraft Laboratories, Inc. 

BOR Borden, Inc., Packaging & Indus. Prod. 

Div. 

BRD Lonza, Inc. 

BRI Sedgefied Specialities 

BTL BTL Specialty Resin Corp. 

BUG Synalloy Corp., Blackman Uhler 

Chemical Div. 

CAD Akzo Chemicals, Inc. 

CAS Caschem, Inc. 

CBD Chembond Corp. 

CCA Akzo Chemicals, Inc. 

CCC C.N.C. International, Inc. 

CCW Morion International, Inc., 

Speciality Chemicals Group 

CED Cedar Chemical Co. 

CGY Ciba-Geigy Corp. 



CHD Chemdesign Corp. 

CHL Chemol, Inc. 

CHP C. H. Patrick & Co., Inc. 

CHT Chattem. Inc. 

CJO C. J. Osborn Chemical, Inc. 

CKC Cook Composites and Polymers 

Company 

CNE Oxy Petrochemicals, Inc. 

CNP DSM Chemicals, North America 

COC Columbia Organic Chemicals Co., Inc. 

CPS CPS Chemical Co., Inc. 

CRZ James River II Corp. 

CWN Upjohn Co., Fine Chemicals 

CXI Chemical Exchange Industries, Inc. 

CYR CYRO Industries 

DAN Dan River Inc., Chemical Products Div. 

DAZ Diaz Chemical Corp. 

DCC Dow Coming Corp. 

DIX Dixie Chemical Co., Inc. 

DKA Mobay Synthetics Corporation 

DOM Dominion Products, Inc. 

DOW Dow Chemical Co. 

DPW Deepwater, Inc. 

DRL Unichema North America 

DUP E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. 

Automotives Products Dept. 

Chemicals & Pigments Dept. 

Petrochemicals Dept. 

Polymer Products Dept. 
DVC Dover Chemical Corp. Sub. of ICC 

Industries, Inc. 

DVR Diversified Technology, Inc. 

EFH E. F. Houghton & Co. 

EHC Ethichem Corp. 

Eastman Kodak Co.: 

EKT Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 

EKX Texas Eastman Co. Div. 

ELC EIco Corp. Sub. of Detrex Chemical 

Industries, Inc. 

ENJ Exxon Chemical Americas 

ENO Enenco, Inc. 

ESA East Shore Chemical Co. 

EVN W. R. Grace & Co., Organic Chemicals 

Div. 
Evans Chemetk:s 
FER Ferro Corp.: 

Bedford Chemical Div. 

Grant Chemical Div. 

Keil Chemical Div. 
FMB FMC Corp., Chemical Products Group 



See note at end of table. 



15-36 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



Table 15-3 — Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1990 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



FMN FMC Corp., Agricultural Chemical 

Group 

FMT Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc. 

FOC Handschy Industries, Inc., Ink and 

Chemical Div. 

FOR Formosa Plastics Corporation Louisiana 

FRE Freeman Chemical Corp. 

FRO Vulcan f^aterials Co., Chemicals Div. 

FTE Cyprus Foote Mineral Company 

FTX Finetex, Inc. 

GAF GAF Corp., Chemical Group 

GAY Gaylord Chemical Corp. 

GE General Electric Co., Specialty 

Chemical Group 

GFS GFS Chemical, Inc. 

GGC Georgia-Gulf Corp.: 

Plaquemine Div. 

GIV Givaudan Corp. 

GON W.R. Grace & Co., Organic Chemicals 

Div., Nitroparaffins 

GP Georgia-Pacific Corp., Resins 

Operations 

GPI Grindsted Products, Inc. 

GTL Great Lakes Chemical Corp. 

HAL C. P. Hall Co. 

HAR Haarman Reimer Corp., Food 

Ingredients Div. 

HOC Hatco Chemical Corp. 

HCF Cape Industries 

HCL Hoechst Celanese Corp: 

Chemical Group Inc. 
Fibers Industrial Division 
Fine Chemicals Division 
Sou-Tex Works 

HCP Honig Chemical & Processing Corp. 

HFT Syntex Agribusiness, Inc. 

HK Occidential Chemical Corp., ED & S Div. 

HML Hummel Crotton, Inc. 

HMP W. R. Grace & Co., Hampshire 

Chemicals Div. 

& Organic Chemicals Div. 

HMY Humphrey Chemical Co. 

HOC Halocarbon Products Corp. 

HOF Hotfman-LaRoche, Inc. 

HPC Hercules, Inc 

HRT Hart Products Corp. 

HXL Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Chemical 

Products 

ICI ICI Americas, Inc.: 

Agricultural Chemical Div. 



Rubicon, Inc. 

Specialty Chem Div. 
IMC IMC Pitman-Moore Industrial Chemicals 

Div. 

JRC Jarchem Industries, Inc. 

KCH Rhone Poulenc, Manchem, Inc. 

KLM Kalama Chemical, Inc. 

KM! Kemin Industnes, Inc. 

LOP LCP Chemicals - West Virginia, Inc. 

LEM Napp Chemicals, Inc. 

LRO Laroche Chemicals, Inc. 

LYP Lyondell Petrochemical Co. 

MAL Mallinckrodt, Inc. 

MCI Mooney Chemicals, Inc. 

MCK MacKenzie Chemical Works, Inc. 

MHI Morton International, Inc., 

Ventron Division 

MIL Milliken & Co., Milliken Chemical Div. 

MNA Monsanto Agricultural Co. 

MOB Mobay Chemical Corp., Pittsburgh Div. 

MON Monsanto Co. 

MRT Morion International, Inc., Speciattys 

Chemical 

NOG Niacet Corp. 

NCI Union Camp Corp., BBA Div. 

NCI Union Camp Corp. 

NES Ruetgers-Nease Chemk:al Co. 

NOC Norac Co.. Inc. Mathe Div. 

NOD Huls America, Inc. 

OH Anaquest 

OMC Olin Corp. 

ORT Roehr Chemicals, Inc., Div of Aceto 

Corp. 

PAH Parish Chemical Co. 

PAS Atochem North America, Inc. 

PCI Piedmont Chemical Industries, Inc. 

PCR PCR, Inc. 

PD Parke-Davis, Div. of Warner-Lambert 

Co. 

PDG PD. Glycol 

PEL Pelron Corp. 

PEN Penick Corp. 

PFN Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc. 

PFZ FMizer Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 

PG Procter & Gamble Co., Procter & 

Gamble Mfg. Co. 

PIC Pierce Chemical Co. 

PLC Phillips 66 Co. 

PLS Plastics Engineering Co. 



See note at end of table 



15-37 



Section 15 

Table 15-3 — Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1990 



Code 



Name of company 



Code Name of company 

SUN Sun Co., Inc. 

SWS Wacker Silicones 

SYL Arizona Chemical Co. 

SYP Synthetic Products Co. 

TCC Sybron Chemicals, Inc. 

TLC Twin Lake Chemical, Inc. 

TNA Ethyl Corp. 

TCX; Tenneco Oil Co. 

TRO Troy Chemical Corp. 

TSA Texas Alkyls, Inc. 

TX Texaco Chemical Co. 

TZC Magnesium Elektron, Inc. 

UCC Union Carbide Corp. 

UPJ Upjohn Co. 

UPM UOP, Inc. 

USB U. S. Borax & Chemical Corp. 

USI Quantum Chemical Corp., USI Div. 

USR Uniroyal, Inc., Uniroyal Chemical Div. 

UTC Unitex Chemical Corp. 

VCM Vanchem, Inc. 

VDM Van De Mark Chemical Co., Inc. 

VEL Velsicol Chemical Corp. 

VNC Vanderbilt Chemical Corp. 

VND Van Dyk. Div. of Mallinckrodt, Inc. 

VST Vista Chemical Co. 

WAY Olin Hunt Specialty Products. Inc. 

WCL Wright Chemical Corp. 

WPG West Point-Pepperell. Inc., Grifftex 

Chemical Co. Sub. 

WTC Witco Chemical Corp. 

WTH Union Camp Corp., Chemical Division 

WTK Heico Chemicals. Inc. 

WTL Atochem North America, Inc., Organic 

Peroxides Div. 

WVA Westvaco Corp. 



PMP PMP Fermentation Products, Inc. 

PPG PPG Industries. Inc. 

PSG PMC, Inc., PMC Specialities Group, Inc. 

PST Perstorp Polyols, Inc. 

QKO QO Chemicals, Inc. 

OTR Questra Chemical, Corp. 

RCI Reichhold Chemicals, Corp. 

RCN Racon, Inc. 

RDA Rhone-Poulenc, Inc. 

REG Regis Chemical Co. 

RH Rohm & Haas Co. 

ROT Roquette Corporation 

RSA R.S.A. Corp. 

S Sandoz Chemical Corp. 

SBC Scher Chemicals, Inc. 

SC Sterling Chemicals, Inc. 

SCM SCM Corp., PCR, Inc., & 

Glidco Organics 

SCN Schenectady Chemicals, Inc. 

SCP Henkel Corp. 

SD Sterling Drug, Inc.; 

Sterling Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 

SDC Sandoz Chemicals Corp. 

SDW Sterling Drug, Inc., Sterling Organics 

Div. 

SHC Shell Chemical Co. Div. 

SHP Shepherd Chemical Co. 

SHX Sherex Chemical Co., Inc. 

SK Smithkline Beecham Chemicals 

SM Mobil Oil Corp.: 

Chemical Products Div. 

SOH BP Chemicals, Inc. 

SOI Speciality Organics, Inc. 

SPD General Electric Co., Silicone 

Products Div. 

SQA Sequa Chemicals Inc. 



Note. — Complete names, telephone number, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



15-38 



APPENDIX A 
DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 



Appendix A 

Table A-1 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1990 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1990 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in the 15 
individual sections of this report) 

Identi- 
fication Telephone 
code Name of company number Office address 



AEP A & E Plastic Inc 818-968-3801 

AC AC & S. Inc 304-755-9275 

ABB Abbott Laboratories 708-937-8343 

ILI Acme Steel Company 708-849-2500 

ACO Adco Chemical Co 201 -589-0880 

CCS Advanced Resins. Inc 303-245-8148 

AIR Air Products & Chemicals, Inc 215-481-4911 

AJY Ajay Chemicals. Inc 404-943-6202 

AJI Ajinomoto USA. Inc 201-488-1212 

ARC Akzo Chemicals, Inc 312-906-7500 

ARC Akzo Chemicals. Inc 312-906-7500 

CCA Akzo Chemicals. Inc 312-906-7500 

CAD Akzo Chemicals. Inc 312-906-7500 

FRP Akzo Coatings. Inc 912-367-3616 

REL Akzo Coatings. Inc 502-459-9110 

AK2 Akzo Coatings. Inc 502-459-9110 

lOV Akzo/Resins & Vehicles 708-481-8900 

ALW Albright & Wilson. Americas, Inc 804-550-4476 

ALC AIco Chemical Corp 615-629-1405 

ALD Aldrich Chemical Co., Inc 414-273-3850 

ACH Alico Chemical Corp 214-733-6841 

ALG Allegheny Chemical Corp 814-772-3965 

ALL Alliance Chemical. Inc 201-945-5400 

BME Allied Signal-Bendix. Corp 518-270-0200 

Friction t^aterials Div. 

ACS Allied Signal Inc: 

Engineered Materials Sector 201-455-4911 

Engineered Plastic Div 201-455-2000 

High Density Polyethylene Business ... 201-455-2000 

ALX Alox Corp 716-282-1295 

APH Alpha Corporation of Tennessee 901 -853-2450 

ALP Alpha Laboratories. Inc 303-756-1338 

HES Amerada Hess Corp. (Hess Oil 201-750-6000 

Virgin Island Corp.) 

AMB American Bio-Synthetics Corp 414-384-7017 

ACY American Cyanamid Co 201 -831 -2768 

BFP American Ingredients. Co 81 6-561 -9050 

API American Polymers. Inc 508-987-0144 

ASY American Synthetic Rubber Corp 502-449-8300 

SPO Ameripol Synpol Co.. Div. of 21 6-762-4442 

Uniroyal Goodrich Tire Co. 

HVG Ametek, Inc., Haveg Div 302-995-0400 

AMO Amoco Corporation 312-856-6111 



14505 Proctor Ave. Industry. CA 91749. 
West 19th St., Nitro, WV 25143. 
1401 Sheridan Rd.. N. Chicago, IL 60064. 
13500 S. Perry Ave., Riverdale, 

IL 60627. 
49 Rutherford St., Newark, NJ 07105. 
569 24 1/4 Rd.. Grand Junction. 

CO. 81505. 
7201 Hamilton Blvd, Allentown, 

PA 18195-1501 
1400 Industry Rd., Powder Springs, 

GA 30073. 
4020 Ajinomoto Dr., Raleigh, NC 27610. 
RO. Box 100, Axis, AL 36505. 
300 S. Riverside Plaza, Chicago, IL 

60606. 
500 Jersey Ave, New Brunswick, NJ 

08903 
2153 Lockport-Olcott Rd., Burt, NY 

14028. 
PO. Box 349, Baxley. GA 31513. 
4730 Crittenden Dr., Louisville, KY 40233. 
1313 Windsor Ave., Columbus, OH 

43211. 
21625 Oak St., Matteson, IL 60443. 
100 Lakeridge Pkwy., Ashland, VA 23005. 
909 Mueller Dr., Chattanooga, TN 37406. 
1001 W. St. Paul Ave., Milwaukee, 

Wl 53233. 
17304 N. Preston Dr., Dallas, TX 75252. 
Gillis Ave., Ridgway. PA 15853. 
Linden Ave.. Ridgefield. NJ 07657. 
PO. Box 238, Troy, NY 12180. 



PO. Box 1087 R, Morristown, NJ 07962. 
100 Columbia Rd., Morristown, 

NY 07962. 
12875 Scenic Hwy, Baton Rouge, 

LA 70892. 
3943 Buffalo Ave.. Niagara Falls. NY 

14303. 
423 Highway 57 East, Collierville, TN 

38017. 
1685 S. Fairfax St., Denver, CO 80222. 
1 Hess Plaza, Woodbridge, 

NJ 07095-0961. 
710 W. National Ave., Milwaukee, Wl 

53204. 
One Cyanamid Plaza, Wayne, NJ 07470. 
3947 Broadway, Kansas City, MO 64111. 
Old Webster Rd.. Oxford. MA 01801. 
4500 Campground Rd.. Louisville, 

KY 40232. 
146 South High St. Akron, OH 

44308-1493. 

900 Greenbank Rd., Wilmington, DE 

19808. 
200 E. Randolph Dr., Chicago, IL 

60680-0703. 



A-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



Table A-1 — Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1990 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1990 are listed betow alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in the 15 
individual sections of this report) 



Identi- 
fication 
code Name of company 



Telephone 
number 



Office address 



AMV Amvac Chemical Corp 213-264-3910 

OH Anaquest 608-273-0019 

ADC Anderson Development Co 517-263-2121 

ANG Angus Chemical Co 708-498-6700 

ALI Anzon, Inc 215-531-6010 

APX Apex Chemical Co 908-354-5420 

APC Apollo Chemical Corp 919-226-1161 

APO Apollo Colors. Inc 708-564-9190 

AQU Aqualon Co 302-996-2000 

HKY Arcadian Corp 901-351-6500 

GCC Arcadian Corp 901-351-3314 

ARD Ardmore, Inc 201-481-2406 

ARN Arenol Chemical Corp 201-526-5900 

ART Aristech Chemical Corp 412-433-2747 

ARZ Anzona Chemical Co 904-785-6700 

SYL Arizona Chemical Co 904-785-6700 

ALS Armco, Steel Co 513-425-5000 

ARP Armour Pharmaceutical Co 815-932-6771 

ARO ARNCO 213-567-0587 

ARL Arol Chemical Products Co 201 -344-1 51 

ARS Arsynco, Inc.. Sub Div. of Aceto 516-627-6000 

Corp, 

ASH Ashland Oil, Inc 614-889-3333 

Ashland Petroleum Co 606-329-3333 

BLA Astor Products. Inc., Blue Arrow Div 904-783-5352 

AIL Atlantic Industries, Div 201-235-1800 

Crompton Knowles Corp. 

ATR Atlantic Richfield Co. 215-359-2000 

Arco Chemical Co 

ARI Atlas Refinery, Inc 201 -589-2002 

RSN Atochem North America, Inc 215-587-7000 

PAS Atochem North America, Inc 215-587-7452 

WTL Atochem North America, Inc 716-877-1740 

Organic Peroxides Div. 

AUX Auralux Corp 203-886-261 6 

AUS Ausimont N V 201 -292-6250 

AZT Aztec Catalyst Co 713-957-6818 

BAS BASF Corp 

Chemicals Div 201 -31 6-2937 

ICF Coating & Colorants 201-365-3400 

SOH BP Chemicals, Inc 216-586-4141 

SIF Com merical Composites 213-757-5141 

SIC Commerical 213-757-1801 

SIO BP Oil Co 419-226-2300 

BTL BTL Speciality Resin Corp 419-244-5856 



4100 E. Washington Blvd., Los Angeles, 

CA 90023. 
2005 W. Bellline Hwy., I^adison, Wl 

53713. 
1415 E. Michigan St., Adrian, Ml 49221. 
2211 Sanders Rd., Nonhbrook, IL 60085. 
2545 Aramingo Ave., Philadelphia, 

PA 19125. 
200 S. First St., Elizabeth, NJ 07206. 
1105 Southerland St., Graham, NC 

27253. 
3000 W. Dundee Rd., Suite 415, 

Northbrook, IL 60062. 
2711 Centerville Rd., Wilmington, DE 

19850. 
6750 Poplar Ave., Suite 600, Memphis, 

TN 38138-7419. 
PO. Box 27147, Memphis, TN 38127. 
29 Riverside Ave., Newar1<, NJ 07104. 
189 Meister Ave., Somerville, NJ 08876. 
600 Grant St.. Pittsburgh. PA 

15230-0250. 
1001 E. Business Hwy. 98. Panama City. 

FL 32401. 
PO. Box 947, Port St. Joe, FL 32456. 
703 Curtis St., Middletown, OH 45043. 
RO. Box 511, Kankakee, IL 60901. 
5141 Firestone Place. Southgate, 

CA 90280. 
649 Ferry St.. Newark. NJ 07105. 
One Hollow Lane. Lake Success. 

NY 11042-1215. 
RO. Box 2219. Columbus, OH 43216. 
RO. Box 391, Ashland, KY 41114. 
5244 Edgewood Ct., Jacksonville, 

FL 32205. 
10 Kingsland Rd., Nutley, NJ 07110. 

3801 West Chester Pike, Newtown 

Square, PA 19073. 
142 Lockwood St., Newark, NJ 07105. 
1112 Lincoln Rd., Birdsboro, PA 19508. 
Three Parkway, Philadelphia, PA 19102. 
1740 Military Rd., Buffalo, NY 14240. 

29 Scott Ave., Norwich, CT 06360. 
44 Whippany Rd., Morristown, NJ 07962. 
2190 N. Loop West, Suite 400 Houston, 
TX 77018 

100 Cherry Hill Rd., Parsippany, 
1255 Broad St., Clifton, NJ 07015. 

NJ 07054 
200 Pubic Square 31 -N-41 05. Cleveland. 

OH 44114-2375. 
12333 South Van Ness Ave.. Hawthorne, 

CA 90250. 
12333 South Van Ness Ave., Hawthorne, 

CA 90250. 
1150 South Metcalf St.. Lima, OH 45804. 
2112 Sylvon Ave , Toledo, OH 43606. 



A-3 



Appendix A 



Table A-1 — Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1990 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1990 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in the 15 
individual sections of this report) 



Identi- 
fication 
code Name of company 



Telephone 
number 



Office address 



BKC J. T Baker Chemical Co 908-859-2151 

BFC Barker Fine Color, Inc 606-261 -0200 

BIB Beckman Instruments, Inc 415-859-1510 

BCK Diagnostic Systems Group 619-438-6433 

BCM Belding Heminway Co 212-944-6040 

BLZ Belzak Corp 201-773-0602 

BLY Berkley & Co., Inc 712-336-1520 

BTS Bethlehem Steel Corp 215-694-4522 

BNS Binney & Smith, Inc 215-253-6271 

BOC Biocraft Laboratories, Inc 201-703-0400 

NUT Bioproducts, Inc 502-968-3321 

BOE Boehme Filatex, Inc 919-342-6631 

BOT Boots Pharmaceuticals, Inc 708-405-7400 

BOR Borden, Inc.: 

Packaging & Industrial Products 614-225-4000 

Div. 

BCP Borden Chemical & Plastics 504-673-6121 

Delaware Limited Partnership 

BMC Brin-Mont Chemicals, Inc 919-292-0566 

BRS Bristol-Myers Squibb Co 212-546-4000 

BRU M. A. Bruder & Sons, Inc 215-353-5100 

BKM Buckman Laboratories. Inc 901-278-0330 

BCC Buffalo Color Corp 716-827-4500 

BRI Burlington Industries, Inc 919-379-2000 

BUR Burroughs Wellcome Co 91 9-248-3000 

COR CDR Pigments & Dispersions 502-737-1700 

CFI CF Industries, Inc 708-438-9500 

CLU CL Industries, Inc 217-662-2136 

CCC C.N. C. International, Inc 401-769-6100 

PS CPS Corp 71 6-366-601 

CPS CPS Chemical Co., Inc 908-727-3100 

CYR CYRO Industries 201 -770-3000 

GRL Calgon Corp., Calgon Vestal 314-862-2000 

Laboratories Div. 

CMB Cambridge Industries Co 201-465-4565 

HCF Cape Industries 919-341-5500 

CBC Carbose Corp 814-443-1611 

CGL Cargill, Inc 612-475-7634 

CHC Carpenter Chemical Co 804-359-0800 

BSC Cascade Resins, Inc 503-343-2111 

CAS Caschem, Inc 201-858-7900 

CCL Catawba-Charlab, Inc 704-523-4242 

CED Cedar Chemical Corp 501-572-3701 

CNT Certainteed Corp 215-341 -7000 

CPR Certified Processing Corp 201-923-5200 



222 Red School Lane, Phillipsburg, 

NJ 08865. 
38 Elm St., Lodlov, KY 41016. 
1050 Page Mill Rd., Palo Alto, CA 94304. 
2470 Faraday Ave., Carlsbad, CA 92008. 

NJ 07424. 
RO. Box 130, Hendersonville, NC 28793. 
850 Bloomfield Ave., Clifton. NJ 07012. 
One Berkley Dr., Spirit Lake. lA 51360. 
866 Martin Tower - 8th Fl., Bethlehem. 

PA 18016. 
1100 Church Lane, Easton, 

PA 18044-0431. 
12 Industnal Park, Waldwick, NJ 07463. 
4820 Jennings Lane, Louisville, KY 

40218. 
Rt. 11 Box 5, Reidsville. NC 27320. 
300 Tristate Int'l Ctr, Suite 200, 

Lincolnshire, IL 60015 

180 E. Broad St., Columbus. OH 43209. 
Box 427, Geismar, LA 70734. 

3921 Spring Garden St., Greensboro. 

NC 27407. 
345 Park Ave., New York, NY 10154. 
52nd & Grays Ave., Philadelphia. PA 

19143. 
1256 N. McLean Blvd., Memphis. TN 

381 08 
RO. Box 7027., Buffalo. NY 14240. 
3330 W. Friendly Ave., Greensboro. 

NC 27406. 
3030 Cornwallis Rd.. Research Triangle 

Park. NC 27709. 
305 Ring Rd., Elizabethtown, KY 42701. 
Salem Lake Dr., Long Grove, IL 60047. 
RO. Box 218, Georgetown, IL 61846. 
20 Priviledge St.. Woonsocket. Rl 02895. 
3257 Middle Rd.. Dunkirk, NY 14048. 
Old Water works. Rd., Old Bridge, 

NJ 08857. 
100 Valley Rd., MT Arlington. NJ 07856. 
5035 Manchester Ave.. St. Louis. 

MO 63110. 
7-33 Amsterdam St.. Newark. NJ 07103. 
RO, Box 327. Wilmington. NC 28402. 
100 Maple St., Somerset. PA 15501. 
RO. Box 5630, Minneapolis, MN 55428. 
5016 Monument Ave., Richmond. 

VA 23230. 
W. 1st & Bertleson Rd., Eugene, 

OR 97440. 
40 Avenue A, Bayonne, NJ 07002. 
5046 Old Pineville Rd., Charlotte, 

NC 28217. 
Highway 242 South, West Helena. 

AR 72390. 
RO. Box 860, Valley Forge, PA 19482. 
U.S. Highway #22, Hillside, NJ 07205. 



A-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table A-1 — Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1990 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1990 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in the 15 
individual sections of this report) 

Identi- ~ 

fication Telephone 

code Name of company number Office address 



GRS Champlin Refining. Co 512-882-8871 

CHT Chattem.inc 615-821-4571 

CHD Chemdesign Corp 508-345-9999 

CFX Chemfax, Inc 601-863-6511 

CXI Chemical Exchange Industries, Inc 713-526-8291 

CMT Chemithon Corp 206-937-9954 

CHL ChemoICo 919-333-3050 

SOC Chevron Corp., Chevron Chemical 415-842-5500 

CHH Chris Hansen's Laboratory, Inc 414-476-3630 

CGY Clba-Geigy Corp 914-478-3131 

CGO Citgo Petroleum Corp 918-495-4000 

CGU Citizens Gas & Coke Utility 317-264-8802 

CCG Clark Colors 908-757-4500 

H.K. Color Group 

ACT Climax Performance Materials Corp 708-458-8450 

WYC Coastal Chem, Inc 307-637-2700 

CSP Coastal Refining & Marketing Inc 713-877-1400 

CP Colgate-Palmolive Co 212-310-2536 

CLD Colloids, Inc 404-422-1250 

CIC Color Chem International Corp 404-396-1230 

COC Columbia Organic Chemical Co., Inc 803-425-1 786 

CAC Cominco Fertilizers Inc 509-747-6111 

CMP Commercial Products Co., Inc 201-427-6887 

CNI Conap, Inc 716-372-9650 

CON Concord Chemical Co., Inc 609-966-1526 

CO Conoco Specialty Products, inc 713-293-1000 

CTL Continental Chemical Co 201-472-5000 

CTP Continental Polymers, Inc 901-942-0787 

CPV Cook Paint & Varnish Co 816-391-6000 

CKC Cook Composites and Polymers Co 816-391-6000 

HEU Cookson Pigments, Inc 201-242-1800 

COP Coopers Creek Chemical Corp 215-828-0375 

CPY Copolymer Rubber & Chemical 504-355-5655 

Corp. 

CMS Cosmic Plastics, Inc 818-365-3249 

CRD Croda, Inc 212-683-3089 

CK Crompton & Knowles Corp 215-775-8000 

CCP Crown Central Petroleum Corp 301-539-7400 

USM Crown Metro, Inc 803-299-1331 

CYT Cumberland International Corp 713-682-1221 

CTR Customs Resins Div. of Bemis 502-826-7641 

Co., Inc. 



1801 Nueces Bay Blvd., Corpus Chrlsti, 

TX 78469. 
1715 W. 38th St., Chattanooga, TN 

37409. 
99 Development Rd., Fitchburg, MA 

01420. 
10045 Three River Rd., Gulfport, MS 

39502. 
3813 Buffalo Speedway, Houston, 

TX 77098. 
5430 W. Marginal Way, SW., Seattle, 

WA 98106. 
2410 Randolph Ave., Greensboro, 

NC 27406. 
6001 Bollinger Canyon Rd., San 

Co. Ramon, 94583. 
9015 W. Maple St., West Allis, Wl 53214. 
444 Saw Mill River Rd., Ardsley, NY 

10502. 
RO. Box 1562, Lake Charles, LA 70602. 
3133 Southeastern Ave., Indianapolis, 

IN 46203. 
155 Helen St., South Plainfield. 

NJ 07080. 
7666 W. 63rd St., Summit. IL 60501. 
PO. Box 1287, Cheyenne, WY 82003. 
Nine Greenway Plaza, Houston, TX 

77046. 
300 Park Ave., New York, NY 10022. 
P.O. Box 769, Marietta, GA 30061 . 
5145 Meadow Creek Dr., Atlanta, 

GA 30338. 
1424 Mt. Zion Road, Cassatt SC 29032. 
W. 601 Riverside Ave., Spokane, 

WA 99201. 
117 Ethel Ave., Hawthorne. NJ 07506. 
1405 Buffalo St., Clean, NY 14760. 
17th & Federal Sts., Camden, NJ 08105. 
PO Box 2197, Houston, TX 77079. 
270 Clifton Blvd., Clifton, NJ 07011-3686. 
2225 E. Del Amo Blvd., Compton, 
P.O. Box 419389, Kansas City, MO 

64141. 
919 East 14th Ave., N. Kansas City. 

MO. 64141-6389. 
256 Vanderpool St.. Newark, NJ 07114. 
River Rd., West Conshohocken, PA 

19428. 
PO. Box 2591 , Baton Rouge, LA 70821 . 

12314 Gladstone Ave., San Fernando. 

CA 91311 
183MadisonAve., NewYork, NY 10016. 
PO. Box 341, Reading, PA 19603. 
1 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21203. 
Echelon Road, Donaldson Centre, 

Greenville, SC 29606. 
1523 N. Post Oak Rd., Houston. TX 

77055. 
PO. Box 933. Henderson, KY 42420. 



A-5 



Appendix A 

Table A-1 — Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1990 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1990 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in the 15 
individual sections of this report) 

Identi- 
fication Telephone 
code Name of company number Office address 



AIVID Cyclo Products, Inc 213-582-6411 

FTE Cyprus Foote Mineral Co 215-889-9605 

CNP DSM Chemicals Norlh America, Inc 404-823-4240 

POP Daicolor Pope, Inc 201-279-2702 

MAR Daishowa Chemical, Inc 203-625-0701 

DPI Dart Polymers, Inc., Sub. of Dart 717-656-2236 

Container Corp. 

DGO Day-Glo Color Corp 216-391-7070 

DPW Deepwater, Inc 714-751-3522 

DGC Degussa Corp 201-641-6100 

DRR Delta Resins & Refractories, Inc 414-462-1200 

DNS Dennis Chemical Co 314-771-1800 

UDI DeSoto, Inc 708-391-9000 

PLX Union City 312-391-9000 

DTP Detroit Coke Corp 313-842-6222 

Dexter Corp; 

HYA Dexter Adhesive & Structual 415-687-4201 

Material Div. 

HYG Dexter Electronic Material Div 818-968-6511 

DEX Dexter Chemical Corp 212-542-7700 

MID Dexter Speciality Coatings 708-623-4200 

AGP Dial Corp 602-248-2800 

DA Diamond Shamrock Refining & 512-641 -6800 

Marketing. 

DAZ Diaz Chemical Corp 716-638-6321 

DVR Diversified Technology, Inc 904-673-4136 

DIX Dixie Chemical Co.. Inc 713-863-1947 

DRC Dock Resins Corp 908-862-2351 

DOM Dominion Products, Inc 718-499-3050 

DVC Dover Chemical Corp. Sub. of ICC 216-343-7711 

Industries, Inc. 

DOW Dow Chemical Co 517-636-6125 

Dec Dow Corning Corp 51 7-496-4000 

DRX Drexel Chemical Corp 901-774-4370 

ABP Drummond Co., Inc 205-945-6301 

WBG Dryden Oil Co 508-791-3201 

CHO Ducon 618-654-2070 

DUP E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc 302-774-1 000 

DSC Dye Specialties, Inc 201-866-9504 

AGI EMS-American Grilon, Inc 803-418-9172 

EPC EPC Partners, Ltd 713-880-6500 

EPI Eagle Pitcher Industries Inc., Orthane 817-387-0585 

Div. 

ECC Eastern Color & Chemical Co 401-331-9000 

EK Eastman Kodak Co 716-724-4000 

EKT Tennessee Eastman Co. Div 615-229-2000 

EKX Texas Eastman Co. Div 903-237-5122 

ESA East Shore Chemical Co 616-726-3106 

ELN Elan Chemical Co 201-344-8014 



1922 E. 64th St., Los Angeles, CA 90001 . 
301 Lindenwood Dr., Suite 301 , Malvern, 

PA 19355. 
P.O. Box 2451 , Augusta, GA 30903. 
33 Sixth Ave., Paterson, NJ 07524. 
81 Holly Hill Lane Greenwich, CT 06830. 
60 E. Main St.. Leola, PA 17540. 

4515 St. Clair Ave.. Cleveland. OH 

44103. 
P.O. Box 17599. Irvine. CA 92713. 
65 Challenger Rd., Ridgefield Park, 

NJ 07660. 
6263 N. Teutonia Ave., Milwaukee. 

Wl 53209. 
2700 Papin St., St. Louis. MO 63103. 
3950 Fossil Creek Blvd.. Fort Worth, 

TX 76137. 
1700 So. Mt. Prospect Rd., Des Plaines. 

IL 60018 
7819 West Jefferson Ave., Detroit, 

Ml 48209. 

2850 Willow Pass Road, Pittsburgh, 

CA 94565. 
211 Franklin St., Olean, NY 14760. 
845 Edgewater Rd., Bronx, NY 10474. 
E. Water St., Waukegan, IL 60085. 
2000 Aucutt Rd.. Montgomery. AL 60538. 
PO. Box 696000, San Antonio, 

TX 78269-6000. 
40 Jackson St.. Holley, NY 14470. 

NH 03103. 
1625 State Ave., Holly Hill, FL 32117. 
300 Jackson Hill. Houston, TX 77007. 
1512 W. Elizabeth Ave., Linden. NJ 

07036. 
882 - 3rd Ave.. Brooklyn, NY 11232. 
W. 15th & Davis Sts., Dover, OH 44622. 

2020 Willard H. Dow Center, Midland, 

Ml 48674. 
RO. Box 994, Midland. Ml 48686-0994. 
2487 Pennsylvania St.. Memphis, TN 

38109. 
P.O. Box 10246, Birmingham. AL 35202. 
694 Millbury St.. Worchester, MA 01607. 
115 Executive Dr., Highland, IL 62249. 
1007 Market St.. Wilmington. DE 19898. 
100 Plaza Center, Secaucus, NJ 07096. 
RO. Box 1717, Sumter, SC 29151. 
RO. Box 4324. Houston, TX 77210. 
RO. Box 1389. Denton, TX 76202. 

35 Livingston St., Providence, Rl 02904. 
343 State St., Rochester, NY 14650. 
RO. Box 511, Kingsport, TN 37662. 
PO. Box 7444, Longview. TX 75607. 
1221 E. Barney Ave.. Muskegon, Ml 

49443. 
268 Doremus Ave., Newark. NJ 07105. 



A-6 



' Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table A-1 — Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1990 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1990 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in the 15 
individual sections of this report) 

Identi- 
fication Telephone 
code Name of company number Office address 



ELC EIco Corp. Sub. of Delrex Chemical 216-749-2605 

Industries, Inc. 

USM Emhan Corp., Bostik Div 508-777-0100 

EMK Emkay Chemical Co 201-352-7053 

EKO Empire Coke Co 205-323-2400 

ENO Enenco, Inc 901-328-5800 

HSH Engelhard Corp 201-632-6000 

SAR Esschem, Inc 215-521-3800 

ESS Essential Industries, Inc 414-538-1122 

EHC Ethichem Corp 201 -933-7880 

ETC Ethox Chemicals, Inc 803-277-1 620 

TNA Ethyl Corp 804-788-5537 

EVL Eval Company of America 708-719-4610 

ENJ Exxon Chemical Americas 713-870-6000 

FMC Corp: 

FMN Agricultural Chemical Group 215-299-6000 

FMB Chemical Products Group 215-299-6000 

FMC Nitro Div 215-299-6000 

FAB Fabricolor Manufacturing Corp 201-742-3900 

FMT Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc 201-344-5790 

FRI Farmland Industries, Inc 816-459-6000 

816-238-8111 

FEL Felton Worldwide, Inc 718-497-4664 

SDS Fermenta ASC Corp 216-357-4100 

FER Ferro Corp.: 

Bedford Chemical Div 216-641-8580 

Grant Chemical Div 504-654-6801 

Keil Chemical Div 21 9-931 -2630 

FBI Fiber Industries, Inc 704-357-2000 

CSD Fina Oil & Chemical Co 214-750-2400 

Cosden Chemical Div. 

FTX Finetex, Inc 201-797-4686 

Firestone Tire & Rubber Co.; 

FRF Firestone Fibers & Textile Co 216-379-7000 

FRS Firestone Synthetic Rubber & 216-379-7495 

Latex Co. Div. 

CI Firmenich, Inc 609-452-1 000 

FST First Chemical Corp 601 -762-0870 

FPC Flambeau Paper Corp 715-762-5235 

FLM Fleming Latx)ratories, Inc 704-372-5613 

FOR Formosa Plastics Corp-Louisiana 504-356-3341 

Formosa Plastics Corp-USA 201-992-2090 

BDS Fragrance Resources, Inc 908-264-6767 

FLN Franklin International, Inc 614-443-0241 

FRE Freeman Chemical Corp 414-284-5541 

WLC Freepon McMoran Resource 504-582-4000 

Partners. 

COO H.B. Fuller Co 612-481-1588 



1000 Beltline Rd., Cleveland OH 44109. 

Boston St., Middleton, MA 01949. 
319-325 Second St., Elizabeth, NJ 

07206. 
1927 Ist Ave., N., Suite 900, Birmingham, 

AL 35203. 
755 Crossover Lane, Suite 216, Memphis, 

TN 38117. 
3400 Band Street, Louisville, KY 40212. 
Governor Printz Blvd., Essington, PA 

19029. 
28391 Essential Rd., Merton, Wl 53056. 
150 Grand St., Carlstadt.NJ 07072. 
RO. Box 5094, Station B, Greenville. 

SC 29606. 
330 S. 4th St., Richmond. VA 23217. 

1001 Warrenville Rd.. Suite 201, Lisle, 
IL 60532. 

P.O. Box 3272. Houston. TX 77253-3272. 

2000 Market St.. Philadelphia, PA 19103. 
2000 Market St.. Philadelphia, PA 19103. 
2000 Market St.. Philadelphia. PA 19103. 
24-1/2 Van Houten St.. Paterson, NJ 

07509. 
117 Blanchard St., Newark. hJJ 07105. 
RO. Box 308, Lawrence. KS 66044. 
1 41 7 Lower Lake Rd.. St. Joseph. 

MO 64502. 
599 Johnson Ave.. Brooklyn. NY 11237. 
5966 Heisley Rd.. Mentor, OH 44060. 

7050 Krick Rd., Bedford, OH 44146. 
RO. Box 263, Baton Rouge, LA 70821. 
3000 Sheffield Ave., Hammond. IN 

46320. 
5146 Parkway Plaza Blvd.. Charlotte. 

NC 28217. 
8350 N. Central Expressway. Dallas. 

TX 75206. 
RO. Box 216, Elmwood Park, 

NJ 07407. 

RO. Box 450, Hopewell, VA 23860. 
RO. Box 26611, Akron, OH 44319-0006. 

RO. Box 5880. Princeton, NJ 08543. 
RO. Box 1427. Pascagoula, MS 39567. 
200 N. First Ave.. Park Falls, Wl 54552. 
2215 Thrift Rd., Charlotte, NC 28234. 
RO. Box 271 , Baton Rouge, LA 70821 . 
9 Peach Tree Hill Rd., Livington. 

NJ 07932. 
275 Clark St., Keyport, NJ 07735. 
2020 Bruck St., Columbus, OH 43207. 
217 Freeman Dr., Port Washington, 

Wl 53074. 
1615 Poydras St., New Orleans, LA 

70112. 
820 Woburn St., Wilmington. MA 01887. 



A-7 



Appendix A 



Table A-1 — Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1990 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1990 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in the 15 
individual sections of this report) 

Identi- 
fication 
code Name of company 



Telephone 
number 



Office address 



FLH 
EEP 
GAF 
GFS 
GLX 
GAN 
GAY 
GNT 

GNR 



GE 

GEP 
SPD 

GE 
GLC 
GRG 
GGC 



PSP 
GP 

TNI 
GIV 
GLD 
BFG 

GYR 

EVN 

GRD 

HMP 

GON 

GPC 

CPC 
GTL 
GDC 

GPI 

GGI 

GRV 

GSS 

GTH 



H.B. Fuller Co 612-645-3401 

Furon Co 714-831-5350 

GAF Chemical Corp 201 -628-3000 

GFS Chemicals, Inc 614-881-5501 

Galaxie Chemical Corp 201-279-0558 

Ganes Chemicals, Inc 201-507-4300 

Gaylord Chemical Corp 504-649-5464 

Gencorp Polymers Products 216-869-4200 

Genencor, International Inc 415-742-7500 

General Electric Co.: 

Electromatenals Div 614-622-5310 

Plastics Div 413-448-6681 

Silicone Products Div 518-233-3377 

Speciality Chemicals Group 413-448-6681 

General Latex and Chemical Corp 617-576-8000 

PD. George Co 314-621-5700 

Georgia Gulf Corp: 

Houston Div 404-395-4500 

Plaquemine Div 404-395-4500 

PVC Compound Div 404-395-4500 

Georgia-Pacific Corp.: 

Bellingham Div 206-733-4410 

Resins, Inc 404-521 -4000 

Gillette Chemical Co 61 7-421-7000 

Givaudan Corp 201-365-8000 

Glidden Company 216-344-8000 

B. F Goodrich Co 21 6-447-7802 

Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co 216-796-2121 

W. R. Grace & Co.: 

Organic Chemicals Div., Evans 617-861-6600 

Chemetics. 

Organic Chemicals Div., Chemicals & .. 617-861-6600 

Polymers Div. 

Organic Chemicals Div 617-861-6600 

l-lampshire Chemicals Div. 

Organic Chemicals Div 617-861-6600 

Nitroparafins. 

Gram Processing Corp 319-264-4211 

Grant Industries, Inc 201-791-6700 

Great Lakes Chemical Corp 317-497-6100 

Gresco, Mfg. Inc 919-475-8101 

Grinstead Products, Inc 913-764-8100 

Grow Group, Inc 301 -939-1 234 

Cello Corp Div 

Guardsman Products, Inc 616-452-5181 

Gull States Steel, Inc 205-543-6201 

Guth Corp 414-644-6461 



4450 Malsbary Rd., Blue Ash, OH 45242. 
I^ain & Orchard Sts., Mantua, OH 44255. 
1361 Alps Rd., Linden, NJ 07036. 
PO. Box 245, Columbus, OH 43065. 
26 Piercy St., Paterson, NJ 07524. 
630 Broad St., Carlstadt, NJ 07072 
PO. Box 1209, Slidell, LA 70459-1209 
165 S. Cleveland Ave., Mogadore, 

OH 44260. 
180 Kimball Way, S. San Francisco, 

CA 94080. 

1350 S. Second St., Coshocton, OH 

43812. 
1 Plastics Ave., Pittsfield, MA 01201. 
260 Hudson River Rd., Waterford. 

NY 12188. 
One Plastic Ave., Pittsfield, MA 01201. 
PO. Box 498, Ashland, OH 44805. 
5200 N. Second St., St. Louis, MO 63147. 

3503 Pasadena Freeway, Pasadena, 

TX 77503. 
400 Perimeter Center Terrace, Suite 595, 

Atlanta, GA 30348. 
PO. Box 629, Plaquemine, LA 

70765-0629. 

PO. Box 1236, Bellingham, WA 98227. 
133 Peachtree St. NE., Atlanta, GA 

30303. 
3500 W. 16th St., N. Chicago, IL 60064. 
100 Delawanna Ave., Clifton, NJ 07014. 
925 Euclid Ave., Cleveland OH 44115. 
6100 Oak Tree Blvd., Cleveland, OH 

44131. 
1144 E. Market St., Akron. OH 44316. 

55 Hayden Ave., Lexington, MA 02173. 

55 Hayden Ave., Lexington, MA 02173. 

55 Hayden Ave., Lexington. MA 02173. 

55 Hayden Ave,, Lexington, MA 02173. 

1600 Oregon Street, Muscatine. 

lA 52761-0349. 
PO. Box 360, Elmwood Park, NJ 07407. 
U.S. Hwy. 52 NW., Lafayette, IN 47906. 
216 E. Holly Hill Rd., Thomasville, 

NC 27360. 
200 Industrial Parkway Industrial Airport, 

KS 66031. 
1354 Old Post Rd., Havre De Grace, 

MD 21078. 
1350 Steele Ave. SW., Grand Rapids. 

Ml 49507. 
1 74 South 26th St., Gadsden 

AL 35904-1935. 
PO. Box 347, Slinger, Wl 53086. 



A-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table A-1 — Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1990 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1 990 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in the 15 
individual sections of this report) 

Identi- 

ficalion Telephone 

code Name of company number Office address 



HAR 

HAL 
HOC 
FOC 

TMH 

HRT 
HCC 
WTK 

HAP 

SCP 
HPC 
HER 

HTN 
HEC 
HEW 
HXL 



DAN 
HIP 
SOG 
HIL 

HIM 
HDG 

HCL 



HOP 
HCP 
EFH 
NOD 

HML 
HMY 
HNT 
HMN 

ICI 



Haarmann & Reimer Corp 201 -467-5600 

Food Ingredients Div 219-262-6916 

C. R Hall Co 312-767-4600 

Halocarbon Products Corp 201-262-8899 

Handschy Industries, Inc 708-597-7990 

ink and Chemical Div. 

Harcros Chemicals, Inc 913-321-3131 

Hart Products Corp 201-433-6665 

Hatco Chemical Co 908-738-3000 

Heico Chemicals, Inc 717-476-0353 

Helmerich & Payne, Inc., Natural 713-424-5568 

Gas Odorizing Div. 

Henkel Corp 215-270-8100 

Hercules, inc 302-594-5000 

Heresite Protective Coating, Inc 414-684-6646 

Heterene Chemical Corp 201-278-2000 

Hewchem 601-863-6600 

Hewitt Soap Co., Inc 513-253-1151 

Hexcel Corp: 

Chemical Products Div 805-498-1399 

Chemical Products Div 616-772-2193 

Hickson Danchem Corp 804-797-8105 

High Point Chemical Corp 919-884-2214 

Hill Petroleum Company 203-661-4770 

Hilton Davis Chemical Co 513-841-4000 

Himont, USA, Inc 302-996-6000 

Hodag Chemical Corp 312-675-3950 

Hoechst Celanese Corp: 

Bayport Works, SP & W Div 713-474-6737 

Chemical Group Div 214-689-4000 

Engineering Plastics Div 201-635-2600 

Fibers Industrial Div 201-231-2000 

Fine Chemical Div 804-393-3100 

SpecialityChem Group Coventry 201 -231 -2000 

Plant. 

Sou-Tex 201-231-2000 

Hotfmann-LaRoche, Inc 201-235-5000 

Honig Chemical & Processing Corp 201-344-0881 

E. F. Houghton & Co 215-666-4100 

Huls America, Inc 201 -981-5000 

Hummel Croton, Inc 201-754-1800 

Humphrey Chemical Co 203-281-0012 

Huntington Laboratories, Inc 219-356-8100 

Huntsman Chemical Corp 801-532-5200 

ICI Americas, Inc: 

Agricultural Products Div 302-886-8000 

Films Group Div 302-886-3793 



70 Diamond Rd., Sphngfield, NJ 07081. 
1127 Myrtle St.. Elkhart, IN 46515. 
7300 S. Central Ave., Chicago, IL 60638. 
82 Burlews Ct., Hackensack, NJ 07601. 
13601 S. Ashland Ave., Riverdale, 

IL 60627-1099. 
5200 Speaker Rd., Kansas City, KS 

66110. 
1 73 Sussex St., Jersey City, NJ 07302. 
King George Post Rd., Fords, NJ 08863. 
Route 611 , Delaware Water Gap. PA 

18327. 
3601 Decker Dr.. Baytown. TX 77520. 

2200 Renaissance Blvd., Gulpn Mills, 

Hercules Plaza. Wilmington, DE 19894. 

822 S. 14th St.. Manitowoc, 

Wl 54221-0250. 

790 - 21st Ave., Paterson, NJ 07513. 

RO. Box 188, Gulfport, MS 39502. 

333 Linden Ave., Dayton, OH 45403. 

4505 Las Virgenes Rd.. Calabasas, 

CA 91302. 
215 N. Centennial St., Zeeland, Ml 

49464. 
RO. Box 400, Danville, VA 24543. 
243 Woodbine St., High Point, NC 27261. 
RO. Box 5038, Houston, TX 77262-5038. 
2335 Langdon Farm Rd., Cincinnati, 

OH 45237. 
RO. Box 15439, Wilmington, DE 19894. 
7247 N. Central Park Ave.. Skokie, 

IL 60076. 

RO. Box 58160, Houston. TX 77258. 
1250 W. Mockingbird Lane. Dallas, 

TX 75247. 
26 Main St., Chatham. NJ 07928. 
RO. Box 5887. Spartanburg. 

SC 29304-5887. 
1250 W. Mockingbird Lane. Dallas, 

TX 75247. 
500 Washington St., Coventry, Rl 02816. 

RO. Box 866, Mt. Holly, NC 28120. 
340 Kingsland St., Nutley, NJ 07110. 
414Wilson Ave., Newark, NJ 07105. 
RO. Box 930, Valley Forge, PA 19482. 
80 Contennial Ave., Piscataway, 

NJ 08855-0456. 
10 Harmich Rd., S. PlainfieW. NJ 07080. 
45 Divine St.. N. Haven. CT 06473-0325. 
970 E. Tipton St.. Huntington. IN 46750. 
2000 Eagle Gate Tower, Salt City. 

UT 84111. 

Delaware Corp. Center. Wilmington, 

DE 19897. 
Concord Pike & Murphy Rd.. Wilmington, 

DE 19897. 



A-9 



Appendix A 

Table A-1 — Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1990 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1990 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in the 15 
individual sections of this report) 

Identi- 

fication Telephone 

code Name of company number Office address 



ICI 



IMC 

ISP 
IND 
IDC 
INL 

WM 

SPC 

IMI 
GBF 

IFF 

IPC 

CR2 
JRC 
JFR 
JRG 

JTO 
MRX 
JNS 
JOB 
KLM 

KTP 
KAN 

SVC 
KMP 

KMI 
KPI 

KYS 

KCW 

CHF 

KHI 

KPT 

LCP 



LTV 
LKY 



LRO 
ARf^ 



Lll 



ICI Americas, Inc — Continued 

Polyurethanes Group 609-423-8300 

Resin Div 508-658-6600 

Speciality Chemicals Div 302-886-3000 

IMC Pittman-Moore, Inc: 

Industrial Chemical Div 708-615-3700 

INDSPEC Chemical Corp 412-765-1200 

Indol Color Co.. Inc 201-242-1300 

Industrial Color, Inc 815-722-7402 

Inland Steel Co 312-346-0300 

Inolex Chemical Co 215-271-0800 

Insilco Corp., Sinclair Paint Co. Div 213-888-8888 

Insulating Materials, Inc 518-395-3300 

International Bio-Synthetics Inc 704-527-9000 

International Flavor & Fragrances Inc .... 908-264-4500 

Interplastic Corp 612-331-6850 

James River II, Inc 804-644-5411 

Jarchem Industries, Inc 201-344-0600 

George A. Jeffreys & Co.. Inc 703-389-8220 

Andrew Jergens Co 513-421-1400 

Jetco Chemicals, inc 214-872-3011 

Johnson Matthey. Inc 609-853-8000 

S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc 414-631-3388 

Jones-Blair Co 214-353-1600 

Kalama Chemical, Inc 206-682-7890 

Kama Corp 717-455-2022 

Kanasco, Ltd 301-789-7800 

Kartshamns LDP Specialities, USA 608-752-9007 

Kelly-Moore Paint Co., Inc 415-592-8337 

Kemin Industries, Inc 515-266-2111 

Kenrich Petrochemicals. Inc 201-823-9000 

Keysor Century Corp 805-259-2360 

Keystone Color Works, Inc 717-854-9541 

Kincaid Enterprises, Inc 304-755-3377 

Koch Refining Co 316-832-5813 

Koppers Industries, Inc 412-227-2001 

LCP Chemicals: 

Maine Div. of Hanlin Group, Inc 201-225-4840 

West Virginia, Inc 304-843-1310 

LTV Steel Co., Inc 216-622-5000 

Lake States Div. of Rhinelander 715-369-4217 

Paper Co. 

LaRoche Chemical, Inc 504-356-8406 

LaRoche Industries Inc 404-851-0475 

Lawter International, Inc 708-498-4700 



286 Mantua Grove Rd., W. Deptford, 

NJ 08066-1732. 
730 Main St.. Wilmington. MA 01887. 
Concord Pike & Murphy Rd.. Wilmington, 

DE 19897. 

421 E. Hawley St.. Mundelein, IL 60060. 
411 Seventh Ave.. Pittsburgh. PA 15219 
1029 Newark Ave.. Elizabeth, NJ 07201. 
50 Industry Ave.. Joliet. IL 60435. 
3210 Watling, St., E. Chicago. IL 46312. 
Jackson & Swanson Sts., Philadelphia. 

PA 19148. 
6100 South Garfield Ave.. Los Angeles. 

CA 90040. 
1 Campbell Rd.. Schenectady. NY 12306. 
8720 Red Oak Blvd.. Charlotte. 

NC 28224-1068. 
1515 Highway #36, Union Beach. 

NJ 07735. 
2015 NE Broadway. Minneapolis, 

MN 55413. 
4th & Adams Sts.. Camas. WA 98607. 
40 Ball St., Newark. NJ 07105. 
RO. Box 909, Salem. VA 24153. 
2535 Spring Grove Ave.. Cincinnati, 

OH 45214. 
PO. Box 1898. Corsicana, TX 75110. 
2001 Nolte Dr.. W. Deptford. NJ 08066. 
1525 Howe St.. Racine. Wl 53403. 
2728 Empire Central, Dallas, TX 75235 
Bank of California Center, Suite 1110, 

Seattle. WA 98164. 
666 Dietrich Ave., Hazelton, PA 18201. 
6118 Robinwood Road, Baltimore. 

MD 21225. 
525 W. First St., Janesville, Wl 53547. 
987 Commercial St., San Cark>s. CA 

94070. 
2100 Maury St.. Des Moines. lA 50301. 
140 E. 22nd St.. Bayonne. NJ 

07002-0032. 
PO. Box 308, Saugus. CA 91350. 
151 W. Gay Ave.. York. PA 17403. 
PO. Box 549, Nitro, WV 25143. 
PO. Box 2256. Wichita. KS 67201. 
436 Seventh Ave.. Pittsburgh, 

PA 15219-1800. 

PO. Box 149. Orrington. ME 04474. 
PO. Box Box J. Moundsville. WV 26041. 
LTV Steel BIdg., 25 W. Prospect Ave.. 

Cleveland, OH 44115. 
515 W. Davenport St., Rhinelander. 

Wl 54501. 
P.O. Box 1031. Baton Rouge, LA 70821. 
1100 Johnson Ferry Rd., Alanta GA 

30342. 
990 Skokie Blvd.. Northbrook, IL 60062. 



A-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table A-1 — Continued 

Synthetic organic ciiemicais alphaljetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1990 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1990 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in the 15 
individual sections of this report) 

Identi- 

fication Telephone 

code Name of company number Office address 

LEA Leatex Chemical Co 215-739-6324 2722 N. Hancock St., Philadelphia. 

PA 19133. 
LLI Lee Laboratories, Inc 804-862-2534 2820 N. Normandy Dr., Petersburg. 

VA 23805. 
LVR C. Lever Co., Inc 215-639-8640 736 Dunks Ferry Rd., Bensalem, PA 

19020. 

LEV Lever Brothers Co 212-688-6000 390 Park Ave.. New York. NY 10022. 

LIL Eli Lilly & Co 317-276-6448 Lilly Corporate Center. Indianapolis. 

IN 46285. 
Eli Lilly Industries, Inc 809-257-5555 Call Box 11 98 - Puebb Station, Carolina, 

PR 00630-1198. 

MAR Lignotech (U.S.), Inc 203-625-0701 81 Holly Hill Lane, Greenwich, CT 06830. 

Lie Lilly Industrial Coatings. Inc 317-634-8512 PO. Box 946. Indianapolis. IN 46206. 

Lt\4C Lomac, Inc 616-788-2341 5025 Evanston Ave., Muskegon, Ml 

49443. 

BRD Lonza. Inc 201-794-2400 17-17 Route 208. Fair Lawn, NJ 07410. 

LC Lord Corp.. Chemical Products 814-868-3611 2000 W. Grandview Blvd.. Erie. 

Group. PA 16514-0038. 

LCS Louisiana Chemical Polymers. Inc 504-775-1801 12537 Scenic Hwy.. Baton Rouge, 

LA 70807. 
LYP Lyondell Petrochemical Co 713-652-7200 1221 McKinney. Suite 1 600, Houston. 

TX 77253-3646. 
STG McCormick & Co.. Inc 301-771-7401 230 Schilling Circle S.. Hunt Valley, 

MD 21031. 
MGK McLaughlin Gormley King Co 612-544-0341 8810- 10th Ave. N.. Minneapolis, 

MN 55427-4372. 
MNP McWhorter. Inc 312-428-2657 400 E. Cottage Place. Carpentersville, 

IL 60110. 
RIK 3M Pharmaceuticals 818-341-1300 19901 Nordhoff St.. Northridge. 

CA. 91324. 
MAK MAK Chemical Corp 317-288-4464 1200 Rochester Ave.. Muncie. 

IN 47302. 

SOR MW Manufacturers, Inc.. Southern 919-475-1348 P.O. Box 68. Thomasville, NC 27360. 

Resin Div. 

MCK MacKenzie Chemical Works Of LA 504-886-2173 78015 Chemical Rd.. Bush. LA 70431. 

TZC Magnesium Elektron. Inc 908-782-5800 500 Point Breeze Road, Flemington, 

NJ 08822. 

MGR Magruder Color Co.. Inc 201-242-1300 1029 Newark Ave.. Elizabeth. NJ 07208. 

MAL Mallinckrodt. Inc 314-895-2000 675 McDonnell Blvd.. St. Louis MO 

63042. 

MOC Marathon Oil Co 419-422-2121 539 S. Main St.. Findlay, OH 45840. 

MRV Marlowe-Van Loan Corp 919-886-7126 1511 Joshua Circle, High Point, NC 

27260. 

MCA Masonite Corp., Alpine Resin Div 601-649-6000 PO. Box 1048, Laurel. MS 39440. 

MAX Max Marx Color Corp 201-373-7801 1200Grove St.. Irvington. NJ 07111. 

MYO Mayo Chemical Co 404-696-6711 5544 Oakdale Rd., Smyrna. GA 30082. 

MLC Melamine Chemicals. Inc 504-473-3121 PO. Box 748. Donaldsonville, LA 70346. 

MRK Merck & Co.. Inc 201-574-4000 PO. Box 2000, Rahway, NJ 07065. 

MER Merichem Co 713-455-1311 1914 Haden Rd.. Houston. TX 77015. 

MLS Miles Inc.. Biotechnology Products 219-262-6916 1127 Myrtle St., Elkhart. IN 46515. 

Div. 

MIL Milliken & Co., Milliken Chemical Div 803-472-9041 PO. Box 81 7, Inman, SC 29349. 

MMM Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing 612-733-3647 3M Center 224-6S. St. Paul, MN 55144. 

Co. 

MSC Mississippi Chemical Corp 601-746-4131 PO. Box 388, Yazoo City, MS 39194. 

DKA Mobay Corp 713-477-8821 8701 Park Place Blvd., Houston TX 

77017. 



A-11 



Appendix A 

Table A-1 — Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1990 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. Internatbnal 
Trade Commission for 1990 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in the 15 
individual sections of this report) 

Identi- 
fication Telephone 
code Name of company number Office address 



Mobay Chemical Corp.: 

CHG Agricultural Chemicals Div 816-242-2345 

VPC Dyes & Pigments Div 412-777-2000 

MOB Pittsburgh Div 412-777-2000 

SM Mobil Oil Corp.: 

Beaumont Refinery Div 703-846-3000 

Chemical Products Div 201-321-6000 

Gas Liquids Dept 703-849-3000 

Petrochemicals Div 713-590-7700 

Polystyrene Business Group 201-321 -6000 

MOA Mona Industries, Inc 201-345-8220 

MON Monsanto Co 314-694-1000 

MNA Monsanto Agricultural Co 314-694-1000 

MCI Mooney Chemicals, Inc 216-781-8383 

MCP Moretex Chemical Products, Inc 803-583-8441 

MRF Morflex, Inc 919-292-1781 

MHI Morton International, Inc 508-774-3100 

PYI Morton Chemical Div 312-807-2000 

MRT Morton Chemical Div. 312-807-2000 

CCW Industrial Chemical & Additives 513-733-2100 

MOT Motomco, Ltd 608-244-2904 

RTC Mount Vernon Mills, Inc 803-233-4151 

PNX The Murphy-Phoenix Co 216-349-7179 

NMC NAMICO, Inc 215-482-6600 

LEM Napp Chemicals, Inc 201 -773-3900 

NTC National Casein Co 312-846-7300 

NCJ National Casein of New Jersey 312-846-7300 

NSC National Starch & Chemical Corp 201 -685-5000 

NTS National Steel Corp., Great Lakes 313-297-2100 

Div. 

NEP Nepera, Inc 914-782-1200 

CBD Neste Resins Corp 503-687-8840 

NEV Neville Chemical Co 412-331-4200 

NBC New Boston Coke Corp 614-456-4154 

NCC Niacet Corp 716-285-1474 

NLO Niklor Chemical Co., Inc 213-830-2253 

NCP Niles Chemical Paint Co 616-683-3377 

NOC TheNoracCo.Inc 818-334-2908 

Mathe Div 818-334-2908 

FSN NOR-AM Chemical Co 302-575-2000 

NW Northwestern Flavors, Inc 312-231-6111 

NOR Norwich Eaton Pharmaceutical, Inc 607-335-2049 

NBI Novo Nordisk Biochem, Inc 919-494-2014 

NSW The Nutrasweet Co 708-940-9800 

OBC The O'Brien Corp 415-871-2300 



Hawthorne Rd., Kansas City, MO 64120. 
Mobay Road, Pittsburgh, PA 

15205-9741. 
Mobay Road, Pittsburgh, PA 

15205-9741. 

3225 Gallows Rd., Fairfax. VA 22037. 
P.O. Box 250, Edison, NJ 08818. 
RO. Box 900, Dallas, TX 75221. 
World Towers One, 15600 Kennedy Blvd., 

Houston, TX 77032. 
PO. Box 3029, Edison, NJ 08818. 
76 E. 24th St.. Paterson, NJ 07544. 
800 N. Lindbergh Blvd.. St. Louis, 

MO 63167. 
800 N. Lindbergh Blvd., St. Louis, 

MO 63167. 
2301 Scranton Rd.. Cleveland. OH 

44113. 
314 W. Henry St., Spartanburg, SC 

29301 . 
2110 High Point Road, Greensboro, 

NC 27403. 
150 Andover St.. Dan vers. MA 01923. 
130 Montain Creek Church Rd.. 

Greenville, SC 29602. 
1 00 N. Riverside Plaza 
2000 West St.. Reading. OH 45215. 
3699 Kinsman Blvd.. Madison. Wl 53704. 
PO. Box 2478. Greenville. SC 29602. 
6550 Davis International Pkwy. 

Solon. OH 44139. 
4601 Flat Rock Rd.. Philadelphia. PA 

19127. 
199MainSt., Lodi, NJ 07644. 
601 W. 80th St., Chicago. IL 60620. 
601 W. 80th St.. Chicago. IL 60620. 
10 Finderne Ave., Bridgewater, NJ 08807. 
1 Quality Dr., Ecorse, Ml 48229. 

Route #17, Harriman, NY 10926. 
1600 Valley River, Eugene, OR 97401. 
2800 Neville Rd., Pittsburgh, PA 15225. 
600 River Ave., New Boston. OH 45662. 
400 - 47th St.. Niagara Falls, NY 14304. 
2060 E. 220th St., Long Beach, CA 

90810. 
RO. Box 307, Niles, Ml 49120. 
405 S. Motor Ave., Azusa, CA 91702. 
169 Kennedy Dr., Lodi, NJ 07644-0230. 
3509 Silverside Road, Wilmington, 

DE 19810. 
120 N. Aurora St., W. Chicago, 

IL 60185. 
1 7 Eaton Ave., Nonwich, NY 13815. 
State Road 1003, Franklinton, NC 27525. 
1751 Lake Cook Rd., DeerfiekJ, IL 60015. 
450 E. Grand Ave., S. San Francisco, 

CA 94080. 



A-12 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table A-1 — Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1990 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1990 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in the 15 
individual sections of this report) 

Identi- 
fication Telephone 
code Name of company number Office address 



Occidential Chemical Corp.: 

HKD Durez Div 716-696-6000 

HK ED & S Div 214-404-3300 

HKP Vinyls Div 215-251-1000 

OMC Olin Corp 203-356-2000 

WAY Olin Hunt Speciality Products, Inc 201-972-6000 

OC Omega Chemicals, Inc 803-582-5346 

ORG Organics/LaGrange, Inc 312-764-6700 

OCC Orient Chemical Corp 908-355-4010 

BSW Original Bradford Soap Works, Inc 401 -821 -2141 

CJO C. J. Osborn Chemicals, Inc 609-662-0128 

OCF Owens-Corning Fiberglas Corp 419-248-8000 

CNE Oxy Petrochemicals, Inc 713-623-2246 

PBI PBI-Gordon Corp 816-421-4070 

PCR PCR, Inc 904-376-8246 

PDG PD Glycol 409-838-4521 

PSG PMC Inc., PMC Specialities Group 216-356-0700 

Inc. 

PMP PMP Fermentation Products, Inc 414-352-3001 

PPG PPG Industries, Inc 412-434-3131 

PRA Para-Chem. Southern Inc 803-967-7691 

PAH Parish Chemical Co 801-226-2018 

PD Parke-Davis Div., of Warner Lambert 616-392-2375 

Inc. 

PSC Passaic Color & Chemical Co 201 -279-0400 

CHP C. H. Patrick & Co., Inc 803-244^831 

PEL Pelron Corp 708-442-9100 

PEN Penick Corp 201-621-2804 

PAR Pennzoil Products Co., Penreco Div 713-337-1534 

BPT Permuthane Coatings, Inc 508-531-1880 

PST Perstorp Compounds, Inc 413-584-2472 

PST Perstorp Polyols, Inc 419-729-5448 

PFN Pfanstiehl Laboratories. Inc 708-623-0370 

PCW Pfister Chemical, Inc 201-945-5400 

PFZ Pfizer, Inc 212-573-2323 

Pfizer Pharmaceuticals, Inc 809-846-4300 

PHR Pharmachem Corp 215-867-4654 

PLB Pharmacia P-L Biochemicals, Inc 414-227-3600 

PDI Phelps Dodge Industries, Inc 219-456-4444 

Phelps Dodge Magnet Wire Co. 

PLC Phillips 66 Co 918-661-6600 

PPX Phillips Paraxylene, Inc 809-864-1515 

PPR Phillips Puerto Rico Core, Inc 809-864-1515 

PHC Phthalchem, Inc 513-681-0099 

PCI Piedmont Chemical Industries. Inc 919-885-5131 

PIC Pierce Chemical Co 815-968-0747 

PIL Pilot Chemical Co 213-723-0036 

PPL Pioneer Plastics Corp 207-784-91 1 1 

IMC PIttman-Moore, Inc 812-232-0121 

PKL Plaskolite, Inc 614-294-3281 

PSL PlaslokCorp 716-681-7755 



Waick Rd., N. Tonawanda, NY 14120. 
5005 LBJ Freeway, Dallas, TX 75244. 
PO. Box 1772, Berwyn, PA 19312. 

120 Long Ridge Rd., Stamford, CT 
06904. 

One Wellington Rd., Lincoln, Rl 02865, 
PO. Box 1723, Spartanburg, SC 29304 
7125 N. Clark St., Chicago, IL 60626. 

121 Tyler St.. Port Newark. NJ 07114. 
200 Providence St., W. Warwick, Rl 

02893, 
820 Sherman Ave., Pennsauken, NJ 

08110. 
Fiberglas Tower, Toledo, OH 43659. 
5 Greenway Plaza. Suite 2500, Houston, 

TX 77046. 
1217W. 12th St., Kansas City, 

MO 64101-1407. 
RO. Box 1466. Gainsville. FL 32609. 
PO. Box 3785. Beaumont, TX 77704. 
20525 Center Ridge Rd, Rocky River, 

OH 44116. 
7670 N. Port Washington Rd., Milwaukee. 

Wl 53217. 
One PPG Place, Pittsburgh, PA 15272. 
P.O. Box 127, Simpsonville, SC 29681. 
145 N. Geneva Rd., Orem, UT 84057. 
188 Howard Ave., Holland, Ml 49424. 

28-36 Paterson St., Paterson, NJ 07501. 
PO. Box 2526, Greenville, SC 29602. 
7847 W. 47th St., Lyons, IL 60534. 
158MountOlive Ave.. Newark NJ 07714 
4401 Park Ave.. Dickinson, TX 77539. 
13 Corwin St., Peabody, MA 01960. 
238 Nonotuck St.. Florence, MA 01060. 
600 Matzinger Rd, Toledo. OH 43612. 
1219 Glen Rock Ave.. Waukegan, IL 

60085. 
Linden Ave., Ridgefield, NJ 07657. 
235 E. 42nd St., New York, NY 10017. 
PO. Box 628, Barcetoneta, PR 00617, 
719 Stefko Blvd., Bethlehem, PA 18016. 
2202 N. Bartlett Ave., Milwaukee, Wl 

53202. 
4300 New Haven Ave., Fort Wayne, 

IN 46803. 
Phillips BIdg., Bartlesville, OK 74004. 
PO. Box 1162, Guayama, PR 00655. 
PO. Box 1166. Guayama, PR 00655. 
266 W. Mitchell Ave., Cincinnati, OH 

45232. 
331 Burton Ave., High Point, NC 27261. 
3747 N. Meridan Rd., Rockford, IL 61103. 
11756 Burke St., Santa Fe Springs, 

CA 90670. 
1 Pionite Rd., Auburn, ME 04210. 
1401 S. 3rd St., Terre Haute, IN 47808. 
PO. Box 1497, Columbus, OH 43216. 
3155Broadway, Buffalo, NY 14227. 



A-13 



Appendix A 

Table A-1 — Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1990 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1990 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in the 15 
individual sections of this report) 

Identi- 

ficathn Telephone 

code Name of company number Office address 



PLS 

PMC 

RCD 
PLR 
PRT 
JLP 
PG 

PRC 

QKO 
QCP 

USI 

QTR 

QUN 
AMU 
RSA 

RCN 
BLC 

RAY 
REG 

RCI 

RIL 

CRT 

LUR 

ELP 

RDA 
KCH 
AMS 

RIK 

RIV 

ROB 
CRT 

RH 

DRB 
ROM 

ROT 

RUC 
RUO 



Plastics Engineering Co 414-458-2121 

Plastics Manufacturing Co 214-330-8671 

Polysar. Inc 203-934-6315 

Polysar, Inc Plastic Div 508-537-1111 

Pratt & Lambert, Inc 716-873-6000 

J. L. Prescott Co 708-331 -8800 

Procter & Gamble Co., Procter & 513-627-6386 

Gamble Mfg. Co. 

Products Research & Chemical 818-702-8900 

Corp. 

QO Chemicals. Inc 317-497-6110 

Quaker Chemical Corp 215-828-4250 

Quantum Chemical Corp., USI Div 513-530-6500 

Questra Chemicals Corp 404-434-1333 

K. J. Quinn & Co., Inc 603-474-7177 

RPM American Emulsions Co., Inc 404-226-7028 

RSA Corp 914-693-1818 

Racon, Inc 316-524-3245 

Ranbar Technology, Inc 412-486-1111 

Rayonier Chemical Products, Inc 203-348-7000 

Regis Chemical Co 708-967-6000 

Reichhold Chemicals, Inc 914-682-5700 

Reilly Industries, Inc 317-247-8141 

Reilly-Whiteman, Inc 215-423-5300 

Reilly-Whiteman, Inc 215-423-5300 

Rexene Products Co 214-450-9000 

Rhone-Poulenc, Inc 201-821-1000 

Manchem, Inc 609-297-0100 

Ridgway Color Co 513-771-1900 

Riker Laboratories, Inc., Sub. of 3M 818-341-1300 

Co. 

Riverdale Chemical Co 708-754-3330 

Robeco Chemicals, Inc 212-986-6410 

Roehr Chemicals, Inc, Div. of Aceto 

Corp 718-784-8473 

Rohm & Haas Co 215-592-3000 

Rohm Tech, Inc 508-342-5831 

Roma Color, Inc 61 7-676-3481 

Roquette Corp 708-249-5950 

Rubicon, Inc 504-673-6141 

Ruco Polymer Corp 516-931-8100 



3518 Lakeshore Rd., Sheboygan, Wl 

53081 . 
2700 S. Westmoreland, Dallas, TX 

75233. 
345 Morgan LA, West Haven, CT 06516. 
690 Mechanic St., Leominster, MA 01453. 
PO. Box 22, Buffalo, NY 14240. 
27 - 8th St., Passaic, NJ 07055. 
Spring Grove & June St., St. Bernard, 

OH 45217. 
5430 San Fernando Rd., Glendale, 

CA 91209. 
2801 Kent Ave., W. Lafayette, IN 47906. 
Elm & Lee Sts., Conshohocken, 

PA 19428-0809. 
11500 Northlake Dr., Cincinnati, OH 

45249. 
2859 Paces Ferry Rd.. Atlanta, GA 

30339. 
135 Folly Mill Rd., Seabrook. NH 03874. 
1202 Dozier St., Dalton, GA 30721. 
690 Saw Mill River Rd., Ardsley, 

NY 10502. 
6040 S. Ridge Rd., Wichita, KS 67201. 
1114 William Flinn Highway, Glenshaw, 

PA 15116. 
RO. Box 68967. Seattle. WA 98188. 
8210 Austin Ave.. Morton Grove. IL 

60053. 

800 Calitola Dr., Research Triangle Park, 
Durham. NC 27713. 

1510 Market Square Center, Indianapolis, 
IN 46204. 

801 Washington St., Conshohocken, 
PA 19428. 

2600 E. Tioga St., Philadelphia, PA 

19134. 
5005 LBJ Freeway, Occidental Tower, 

Dallas, TX 75244. 
CN 5266, Princeton, NJ 08543-5266. 
275 Keystone Dr., Bethlehem, PA 18017. 
410 Glendale-Milford Rd., Cincinnati, 

OH 45215. 
19901 Nordhoff St., Northridge, CA 

91324. 
220 E. 17th St., Chicago Heights, 

IL 60411-3699. 
99 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. 

52-20 37th St., Long Island City, NY 

11101. 
Independence Mall West., Philadelphia. 

PA 19105. 
119 Authority Dr., Fitchburg, MA 01420. 
749 Quequechan St., Fall River, MA 

02723. 
1 550 Northwestern Ave., Gurnee, 

IL 60031-2392. 
PO. Box 517, Geismar, LA 70734. 
New South Rd., Hicksville, NY 11802. 



A-14 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 

Table A-1 — Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1990 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1990 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in the 15 
individual sections of this report) 

Identi- 
fication Telephone 
code Name of company number Office address 



NES Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co 814-238-2424 

SBP SBS Products Inc 517-799-4941 

SCM SCN^ Corp.: 

Glidco Organics 904-768-5800 

SOS SSC Industries, Inc 404-762-9651 

NPR Safeway, Inc 415-632-7373 

STX St. Croix Petrochemical Corp 809-778-6450 

SLM Salem Oil & Grease Co 508-745-0585 

Sandoz Chemical Corp.: 

S Sandoz Chemical Corp 704-331-7016 

SDC Sandoz Chemical Corp 704-331-7016 

ZOC Sandoz Corp. Protection 312-699-1616 

SCN Schenectady Chemicals, Inc 518-370-4200 

SBC Scher Chemicals, Inc 201-471-1300 

SCH ScheringCorp 201-298-4000 

SPR Scientific Protein Laboratories 608-849-5944 

SPA Scott Paper Co 206-259-7409 

TXS Scott Polymers, Inc 81 7-831 -3541 

SRL G. D. Searle & Co 708-982-7000 

SQA Sequa Chemicals, Inc 803-385-5181 

SKP Shakespeare Monofilament Div 803-754-7011 

SHO Shell Oil Co 713-241-9548 

SHC Shell Chemical Co 713-241-9548 

SGO Shenango. Inc 412-771-4400 

SHP Shepherd Chemical Co 513-731-1110 

SHX Sherex Chemical Co., Inc 614-764-6500 

SHT Shintech. Inc 713-965-0713 

SMP J. R. Simplot Co 208-336-2110 

UPF Stoss Industries Inc 205-254-7801 

SK SmithKline Beechman Chemicals 215-751-4000 

SMO Smooth-On, Inc 908-647-5800 

SLC Soluol Chemical Co., Inc 401-821-8100 

SAL Solvay Animal Health, Inc 515-257-2422 

SLT Solvay Polymers Inc 713-522-1781 

SAC Southeastern Adhesives 704-754-3493 

SWR Southwestern Refining Co., Inc 512-884-8863 

SPL Spaulding Composites Co 716-692-2000 

ASL Specialty Chem Products Corp 715-735-9033 

SOI Specialty Organics, Inc 818-962-2008 

IPP Spectrachem Corp 201-595-8181 

sec Standard Chlorine of Delaware. Inc 201-997-1700 

STP StepanCo 815-727-4944 

SC Sterling Chemicals, Inc 409-942-3360 

SD Sterling Drug, Inc 212-907-2000 

212-907-2000 

SDW Sterling Organics Div 212-907-2000 

CIN Stockhausen, Inc 919-333-3500 



201 Struble Rd., State College, PA 

16801. 
302 Waller St., Saginaw, Ml 48602. 

P.O. Box 389, Jacksonville, FL 32201. 
1550 E. Taylor Ave., East Point, GA 

30344. 
1 1 00 77th Ave., Oakland, CA 94621 . 
P.O. Box 6801 , Sunny Isle. St. Croix, 

U.S. VI 00823-6801. 
60 Grove St., Salem, MA 01970. 

4000 Monroe Rd., Charlotte, NC 28205. 
4000 Monroe Rd., Charlotte. NC 28205. 
1300 E. Touity Ave., Des Plaines, II 

60018. 
Congress & 10th Ave., Schenectady, 

NY 12306. 
Industrial West, Clifton, NJ 07012. 
1011 Morris Ave.. Union. NJ 07081. 
700 E. Main St., Waunakee, Wl 53597. 
P.O. Box 925, Everett. WA 98206. 
3607 N. Sylvania Ave.. Fort Worth. 

TX 76111. 
5200 Old Orchard Rd., Skokie, IL 60077. 
PO. Box 70, Chester, SC 29706. 
6111 Shakespeare Rd., Columbia, 

SC 29223 
PO. Box 3105, Houston. TX 77253. 
PO. Box 3105. Houston. TX 77253. 
200 Neville Rd.. Pittsburgh, PA 

15225-1690. 
4900 Beech St., Cincinnati, OH 45212. 
5777 Frantz Rd., Dublin, OH 43017. 
24Greenway Plaza, Suite 811, Houston. 

TX 77046. 
P.O. Box 912 Pocatelk). ID 83204. 
3500 - 35th Ave.. Birmingham. AL 35207. 
One Franklin Plaza. Phildelphia, PA 

19101. 
1000 Valley Rd.. Gillette, NJ 07933. 
Green Hill & Market Sts., W. Warwick. 
2000 Rockford Rd., Charles City, lA 

50616. 
RO. Box 1000, Deer Park, TX 77536. 
815-D Virginia St., SW., Lenoir, NC 

28645. 
RO. Box 9217, Corpus Christi, TX 78469. 
310 Wheeler St., Tonawanda, NY 14150. 
2 Stanton St., Marinette, Wl 54143. 
5623 N. 4th St., Irwindale, CA 91706. 
200 Sheridan Ave., Paterson, NJ 07512. 
1035 Belleville Turnpike, Kearny, NJ 

07032. 
22 West Frontage Rd.. Northflekl. IL 

60093. 
1200 Smith, Texas City. TX 77592-1311. 
2144 E. State St., Trenton, NJ 08619. 
RO. Box 11247, Barcelonita, PR 00617. 
90 Park Ave., New York, NY 1 001 6. 
2408 Doyle St., Greensboro, NC 27406. 



A-15 



Appendix A 



Table A-1 — Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1990 

(Names of synthetic organic chennicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1990 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in the 15 
individual sections of this report) 



Identi- 
fication 
code Name of company 



Telephone 
number 



Office address 



IRI Stuart-Ironsides. Inc 708-655-4595 

SUN Sun Company, Inc 215-977-6358 

SNA Sun Chemical Corp.. Pigments Div 212-986-5500 

RAS Surface Coatings, Inc 61 7-933-4200 

TCC Sybron Chemicai.Inc 609-893-1100 

INP Synair Corp 615-698-8801 

BUC Synalloy Corp., Blackman Uhler 803-585-3661 

Chemical Div. 

SRY Synray Corp 201-245-2600 

HFT Syntex Agribusiness. Inc 417-866-7291 

SYP Synthetic Products Co 216-531-6010 

SYT Synthron. Inc 704-437-8611 

TKD Takeda Chemical Products USA. Inc 919-762-8666 

TEK Teknor Apex Co 401-725-8000 

TLI Teledyne Industries. Inc.. Teledyne 408-637-3731 

McCormick Selph. 

TOC Tenneco Methanol Co 713-757-2131 

TEN Tennessee Chemical Co 615-496-3331 

TVA Tennessee Valley Authority. NFDC 205-386-3521 

TVA, OACD, Div. of Developmental 

Production. 

TER Terra International, Inc 712-277-1340 

TER Terra International, Inc 712-277-1340 

TX Texaco Chemical Co 71 3-432-3734 

TSA Texas Alkyls, Inc 713-479-8411 

TPC Texas Petrochemicals Corp 713-477-9211 

TWO Tonawanda Coke Corp 71 6-876-6222 

TRI Triad Chemical 504-473-9231 

TRO Troy Chemical Corp 201 -589-2500 

TUL Tull Chemical Co.. Inc 205-831-1154 

TLC Twin Lake Chemical, Inc 716-433-3824 

UPM UOPInc 312-391-2000 

UHL Paul Uhlich & Co., Inc 914-478-2000 

DRL Unichema North America 312-376-9000 

NCI Union Camp Corp 201-628-2000 

NCI BBA Div 201-628-2000 

WTH Chemical Div 201-628-9000 

UCC Union Carbide Corp 304-747-3825 

UOC Union Oil Co. of California 213-977-5131 

UTP Union Texas Products Corp 713-623-6544 

USR Uniroyal Chemical Co., Inc 203-573-3886 

UNN United Aniline Co 617-762-4057 

UCM United Color Manufacturing, Inc 215-860-2165 

UNO United Erie, Inc 814-456-7561 

USB U.S. Borax & Chemical Corp 213-251-5400 



7575 Plaza Court, Willowbrook. IL 60521 
1801 Market St.. Philadelphia, PA 19103. 
411 Sun Ave.. Cincinnati, OH 45232. 
100 Eames St., Wilmingon. MA 01887. 
P.O. Box 66, Birmingham Rd., 

Birmingham, NJ 08011. 
2003 Amnicola Hwy., Chattanooga, 

TN 37406. 
Croft Industrial Park, Spartanburg, 

SC 29304. 
209 N. Michigan Ave., Kenilworth, 

NJ 07033. 
PO. Box 1246, Springfield, MO 65810. 
1000 Wayside Rd.. Cleveland. OH 44110. 
PO. Box 1111, Morganton. NC 28655. 
PO. Box 2577, Wilmington. NC 28402. 
505 Central Ave., Pawtucket, Rl 02861. 
3601 Union Rd., Hollister, CA 

95024-0006. 
1010 Milan St., Houston, TX 77252. 
1 Ocoee St., Copperhill, TN 37317. 
Muscle Shoals, AL 35660. 



Terra Centre, 600 - 4th St., Sioux City, 

lA 51101. 
1000 Terra Dr.. Woodward. OK 73801. 
3040 Post Oak Rd.. Houston. TX 77056. 
PO. Box 600, Deer Park, TX 77536. 
8600 Park Place Blvd., Houston. TX 

77017. 
P.O. Box 5007, Tonawanda. 

NY 14151-5007. 
P.O. Box 310, Donaldsonville. LA 70346. 
One Avenue L, Newark. NJ 07105. 
PO. Box 3246. Oxford, AL 36203. 
520 Mill St.. Lockport. NY 14095. 
25 E. Algonguin Road, Des Plaines, 
1 Railroad Ave., Hastings-on-Hudson, 

NY 10706. 
4650 S. Racine Ave., Chicago, IL 60609. 
1600 Valley Rd., Wayne, NJ 07470. 
2051 N. Lane Ave., Jacksonville, FL 

32236. 
875 Harger St., Dover, OH 44622. 

IL 60017-5017. 
PO. Box 8361, Charleston, WV 25303. 
1201 W. Fifth St.. Los Angeles. CA 

90017. 
1330 Post Oak Blvd. Houston 

TX 77252-2120. 
World Headquarters. Middlebury, CT 

06749 
Endicott St., Norwood. MA 02062. 
638 Newtown-Yardley Rd., Newton, 

PA 18940. 
438 Huron St., Erie, PA 16502. 
3075 Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles, 

CA 90010. 



A-16 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



Table A-1 — Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1990 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1 990 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in the 15 
individual sections of this report) 



Identi- 
fication 
code Name of company 



Telephone 
number 



Office address 



USX 



UTC 
UPJ 
CWN 

VSV 
VLR 
VCM 
VDM 
VNC 

VND 
VEL 
VIN 
VCC 

VKR 
VST 

VTM 

FRO 

VYN 

SWS 

WJ 

EW 

WPG 



WVA 
WRD 

WPS 

WHW 

CHN 

WTC 

WCL 

WYK 

WYT 



PAT 



U.S. Steel, Div. Of USX: 

Clainon Plant 412-433-4980 

Gary Works 219-888-4657 

Unitex Chemical Corp 919-378-0965 

The Upjohn Co 61 6-323-4000 

Fine Chemicals 203-281 -2700 

Valentine Sugars, Inc 504-532-2541 

Valero Refining & Marketing Co 512-246-2000 

Vanchem, Inc 716-434-2624 

Van De l^ark Chemical Co., Inc 716-433-6764 

Vanderbilt Chemical Corp 203-744-3900 

203-853-1400 

Van Dyk, Div. of Mallinckrodt, Inc 201-450-3206 

Velsicol Chemical Corp 708-698-9700 

Vineland Chemical Co.. Inc 609-691-3535 

Vinings Industnes. Inc 404-436-1542 

Virkler Co 704-527-2350 

Vista Chemical Co 713-588-3000 

Vitamins, Inc 312-861-0700 

Vulcan Ivlaterials Co., Chemicals Div 205-877-3000 

Vygen Corporation 216-998-1120 

Wacker Silicones Corp 517-264-8500 

Warner-Jenkmson Co 314-658-7342 

Westinghouse Electric Corp 412-864-8200 

Electrical Materials Div. 

WestPoint Pepperell. Inc 404-645-4753 

Grifftex Chemical Co. Sub. 

Westvaco Corp 212-688-5000 

Weyerhauser Co 715-384-2141 

Wheeling-Pittsburgh Steel Corp 304-234-2400 

Whittemore-Wright Co., Inc 617-242-1180 

Wil-Gro Fertilizer, Inc 918-825-3383 

Witco Corp 201-573-2800 

Wright Corp 919-251-0234 

Wyckoff Chemical Co., Inc 616-637-8474 

Wyeth Laboratories, Inc., Wyeth 215-341-3867 

Laboratories Div. of American 

Home Products Corp. 

Yorkshire Pat-Chem, Inc 803-233-3941 



600 Grant St., Pittsburgh, PA 15219. 
1 N Broadway, Gary, IN 46402. 
520 Broome Rd., Greensboro, NC 27406. 
7000 Portage Rd., Kalamazoo, Ml 49001. 
410 Sackett Point Rd., North Haven, 

CT 06473. 
Rt 2, Box 625, Lockport, LA 70374. 
530 McCullough, San Antonio, TX 78292. 
1 N. Transit Rd., Lockport, NY 14094. 
1 N. Transit Rd., Lockjxjrt, NY 14094. 
31 Taylor Ave., Bethel, CT 06801. 

and Rt. #2, Box 54, Murray, KY 42071. 
Main & William Sts., Belleville, NJ 07109. 
5600 N. River Rd., Rosemont, IL 60018. 
1611 Wheat Rd.. Vineland, NJ 08360. 
3950 Cumberland Pkwy., Atlanta, 

GA 30101. 
1022 Pressley Rd.. Charlotte, NC 28273. 
15990 N. Barker's Landing Rd., 

Houston, TX 77224. 
200 E. Randolph Dr., Chicago, IL 60601. 
RO. Box 7689, Birmingham, AL 35233. 
Middle Road, Ashtabula, OH 44004. 
3301 Sutton Rd., Adrian, Ml 49221. 
2526 Baldwin St., St. Louis, MO 63106. 
Route 993, Manor, PA 15665. 

1900 Cunningham Dr., Opelika, AL 
36801. 

299 Park Ave., NY NY 10171. 

118 S. Palmetto Ave., Marshfield, Wl 

54449. 
1134 Market St., Wheeling, WV 26003. 
62 Alford St., Boston, MA 02129. 
PO. Box 429, Pryor, OK 74362. 
155 Tice Blvd., Woodcliff Lake, NJ 07675. 
1 02 Orange St., Wilmington, NC 28403. 
1421 Kalamazoo St., S. Haven, Ml 

49090. 
PO. Box 13745, Philadelphia, 



11 Worley Road, Greenville, SC 29602. 



Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



A-17 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



Table B-1 — Continued 

Cyclic Intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names 



Common name Standani (chemical abstracts) name 

F acid 7-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenGsulfonicacid. 

Fast Red G base 2-Nilrc>-p--toluidine [N2=1I. 

Fast Scarlet R base 5-Nitro-o-anisidine[NH2=1]. 

Fischer's aldehyde 1 ,3,3-Trimethyl-w@,a-indolineacetaldehyde. 

Fischer's base 1 ,3,3-Trimethyl-2-methylenGindoline. 

Freund's acid 4-Amino-2,7-naphthalGnGdisulfonicacid. 

G satt 7-Hydroxy-1 ,3-naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt. 

Gamma acid 6-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonicacid, 

sodium salt. 
Gold salt 9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-1-anthracenBsulfonic 

acid and salt. 

H acid 4-Amino-5-hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisutfonic 

acid, (8-Amino-1 -naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid). 

Hellimellitene 1 ,2,3-Trimethylbenzene. 

Indoxyl 3(2H)-lndolone. 

Isodurene 1 ,2,3,5-Tetramethylbenzene. 

J acid 7-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid, 

sodium salt. 
J acid urea 7,7'-Ureylenebis[4-+iydroxy-2- 

naphthalenesulfonic acid] 

K acid 4-Amino-5-hydroxy-1 ,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

Koch's acid 8-Amino-1,3,6-naphthalenetrisul(onicacid. 

L acid 5-Hydroxy-1-naphthalenesulfonicacid. 

Lake Red C amine 2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonicacid. 

Laurent's acid S-Amino-l-naphthalenesuHonicacid. 

M acid 8-Amino— 4-hydroxy-2-oaphthalenesulfonicacid. 

MEP 5-Ethyl-2-picoline (2-Methyl-5-ethylpyridine). 

Mesitylene 1 ,3,5-Trimethylbenzene. 

Methane base 4,4'-Methylenebis[N,N-dimGthylaniline). 

Michler's hydrol 4,4'-Bis[dimothylamino]benzhydrol. 

Michler's ketone 4,4'-Bis(dimethylamino]benzophenone. 

MOCA 3,3'-Dichloro— 4,4'-diaminodiphGnylmethane. 

MVP 5-Vinyl-2-picoline. 

Naphthionk: acid 4-Amino-1-naphthalGnesulfonicacid. 

o-Naphthonk: ackJ 1-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonicacid. 

b-Naphthol 2-Naphthol. tech 

Naphthol AS 3-Hydroxy-2-naphthanilidG. 

a-Napthylamine 1-Naphthylamine. 

Neville & Winther's acid 4-Hydroxy-1-naphthalGnGsulfonicacid. 

m-NitrobenzoyI J ackl 4-Hydroxy-7-(m-nitrobenzamido>-2- 

naphthalenesuHonic acki. 

Oxy Koch's ackJ 1-Naphthol-3,6,8-trisulfonk: acid. 

PentaanthrimkJe 1,4,5,8-Tetrakis(1-anthraquinonylamino) 

anthraquinone. 

Peri acid 8-Amino-1-naphthalenesul1onk:acid. 

Phenylbiphenyl Terphenyl. 

N-Phenyldiethanolamine 2,2'-[(PhGnyl)imino)diethanol. 

Phenyl gamma acid 6-Anilino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalGnesutfonk;acid. 

Phenyl J acid 7-Anilino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesul1onicacid. 

Phenyl peri ackl 8-Anillno-1-naphthalenesulfonicacid. 

Picrk: acid 2,4,6-Trinrtrophenol. 

POPOP 1 ,4-Bis[2-(5-phenyloxazolyl)bGnzene. 

Pseudocumene 1 ,2,4-Trimethylbenzene. 

Pyrazoleanthrone Anthra(1 .9-cd]pyrazol-6(2H>-one. 

B-3 



Appendix B 

Table B-1 — Continued 

Cyclic Intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names 



Common name Standard (chemical abstracts) name 

Pyrazoleanthrone yellow (3,3'-Blanthral[1 ,9-cd}-pyrazole}-6,6'- 

(2H,2'H)dionG 
Pyrazolone T 5-Oxo-1-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazollne-3- 

carboxylic acid. 

Quinlzarin 1 ,4-Dihydroxyanthraqulnone. 

2-Ouinizarinsutfonic acid 9,10-Dinydro-1,4-dihydroxy-9,10-dioxo-2- 

anthracenesulfonic acid. 

Quinoline yellow base Quinophthalone. 

R salt 3-Hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, 

disodium salt. 

RG acid (Violet acid) 4-Hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonicacid. 

Rhoduline acid (J Acid imide) 7,7'-lminobis[4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid]. 

RR acid 3-Amino-5-hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

S acid 4-Amino-5-hydroxy-1-naphthalenesulfonicacid. 

Schaffer's acid 6-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonicacid. 

Silver salt 9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-2-anthrazenesulfonic 

acid and salt. 

Solvent Yellow 1 p-Phenylazoaniline and hydrochloride. 

Solvent Yellow 3 4-(o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidinG. 

SS acid (Chicago acid) 4-Amino-5-hydroxy-1,3-naphthalenedisulfonicacid. 

Sulf anilic acid p-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid. 

o-Sulfobenzaldehyde o-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid. 

Tetralin 1 .2,3,4-Tetrahydronaphthalene. 

Thiolindoxyl 3(2H)-Thianaphthenone. 

Thiosalicylic acid o-Mercaptobenzoic acid. 

Tobias acid 2-Amino-1-naphthalenesulfonicacid. 

TOD! Bitolylene diisocyanate. 

o-Tolidine 3.3'-Dimethylbenzidine. 

a-Toluic acid Phenylacetic acid. 

a-Tolunitrile Phenylacetonitrile. 

4-n>-Tolylenediamine Toiuene-2,4-diamine. 

Trimellitic anhydride 1 ,2,4-Benzenetricarboxylic acid, 1 ,2-anhydride. 

Trimethyl base 1 ,3,3-Trimethyl-2-methyleneindoline. 

Trinitrophenol Picric acid. 

Urea J acid (J acid urea) 7,7'Ureylenebis[4-hydroxy 

-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid]. 

VeratrakJehyde 3,4-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde. 

Veratrole o-DimethoxybenzGne. 

Vinyltoluene ar-Methylstyrene. 

VioiGt acid (RG acid) 4-Hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonicacid. 



B-4 



APPENDIX C 

SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 

U.S. PRODUCTION AND SALES, 1990, 

HARMONIZED SYSTEM BASIS 



Appendix C 

Synthetic Organic Chemicals, U.S. Production and Sales, 1990, Harmonized 

System Basis 

The following table contains 1990 U.S. production and sales data for synthetic organic 
chemicals in the 6-digit Harmonized System (HS) format. The Commission decided to compile 
such data in this format in response to the decision by the U.S. Bureau of the Census to publish 
Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) data which will be convertible to the HS beginning with 
the 1987 Census of Manufactures. The U.S. Bureau of the Census has historically referred to the 
Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales (SOC) report in the chemicals 
section of the Census of Manufactures, which permits them to omit collecting synthetic organic 
chemicals production and shipments data from its respondents. Because of this situation, the SOC 
data will now also be compiled on an HS basis to provide comparablility with the new SIC format. 

The table provides production and sales data on a 6-digit HS basis only where 
publication would not violate the statutory provisions relating to unlawful disclosure of 
information accepted in confidence by the Commission. It includes only the 6-digit item numbers 
with publishable data from a number of HS chapters in which these chemicals are classified, but 
does not provide totals by chapter or overall total figures. 



C-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



Table B-1 — Continued 

Cyclic Intermediates: Glossary of synonynfious names 



Common name Standard (chemical abstracts) name 

F acid 7-Hydroxy-2-naphlhalenesulfonicacid. 

Fast Red G base 2-Nitro-p-toluidine [N2-1]. 

Fast Scarlet R base 5-Nttro-o-anisidine [NH2=1 ]. 

Fischer's aldehyde 1 ,3,3-Trimethyl-w@,a-indolineacetatdGhyde. 

Fischer's base 1,3,3-Trimethyl-2-methyleneindoline. 

Freund's acid 4-Aniino-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonicacid. 

G salt 7-Hydroxy-1 ,3-naphthalenesutfonic acid, sodium satt. 

Gamma acid 6-Amino--4-hydroxy-2-fiaphthalenesulfonicacid, 

sodium salt. 
Gold salt 9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-1-anthracenesulfonic 

acid and salt. 

H add 4-Amino-5-hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic 

acid, (8-Amino-1-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid). 

Hellimellitene 1 .2.3-Trimethylbenzene. 

Indoxyl 3(2H)-lndolonG. 

Isodurene 1 .2,3,5-Tetramethylbenzene. 

J acid 7-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonicacid, 

sodium salt. 
J acid urea 7,7'-UreylGnGbis{4-hydroxy-2- 

naphthalenesulfonic acid] 

K acid 4-Amino-5-hydroxy-1 ,7-naphthalenedisutfonic acid. 

Koch's acid 8-Amino-1 ,3.&-naphthalGnetrisulfonicacid. 

L acid 5-Hydroxy-1-naphthalenesulfonicacid. 

Lake Red C amine 2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonicacid. 

Laurent's acid S-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonicacid. 

M acid 8-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonicacid. 

MEP 5-Ethyl-2-picoline (2-Methyl-5-ethylpyridine). 

Mesitylene 1 ,3,5-TrimGthylbenzene. 

Methane base 4,4'-MGthylenGbis[N,N-dimGthylaniline]. 

Michler's hydro! 4,4'-Bis[dimethylamino]ben2hydrol. 

Michler's ketone 4,4'-Bis(dimethylamino]bGnzophenone. 

MCX)A 3,3'-Dichloro-4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane. 

MVP 5-Vinyl-2-picoline. 

Naphthionc acid 4-Amino-1-naphthalenesulfonicacid. 

o-Naphthionic acid 1-Amino-2-naphthalenosulfonicacid. 

b-Naphthol 2-Naphthol. tech 

Naphthol AS 3-Hydroxy-2-naphthanilide. 

a-Napthylamine 1-Naphthylamine. 

Neville & Winther's acid 4-Hydroxy-1-naphthalenesulfonicacid. 

m-NitrobenzoyI J acid 4-Hydroxy-7-(m-nitroben2amido)-2- 

naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Oxy Koch's acid 1-Naphthol-3,6,8-trisulfonic add. 

Pentaanthrimide 1,4,5,8-Tetrakis(1-anthraquinonylamino) 

anthraquinone. 

Peri acid S-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonicacid. 

Phenylbiphenyl Terphenyl. 

N-Phonyldiethanolamine 2,2'^(Phenyl)imino]diethanol. 

Phenyl gamma acid 6-Anilino-4-hydroxy-2-naphlhalenesulfonicacid. 

Phenyl J acid 7-Anilino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesuHonicacid. 

Phenyl peri acid 8-Anilino-1-naphthalenesulfonicacid. 

Picric acid 2,4,6-Trinitrophenol. 

POPOP 1 ,4-Bis[2-(&-phenyloxazolyl)benzene. 

Pseudocumone 1 ,2,4-Trimethylbenzene. 

Pyrazoleanthrone Anthra|1 ,&-cd]pyrazol-6(2H)-one. 

B-3 



ApperuUxB 

Table B-1— Continued 

Cyclic Intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names 



Common name Standard (chemical abstracts) name 

Pyrazoleanthrone yellow [3,3'-Blanthral[1,9-cd]-pyrazole)-€,6'- 

(2H,2'H)dione 
Pyrazolone T 5-Oxo-1-(p-suHophenyl)-2-pyra2olin6-3- 

carboxylic acid. 

Quinizarin 1 ,4-Dihydroxyanthraquinone. 

2-Quinizarinsulfonic add 9,10-Dinydro-1,4-dlhydroxy-9,10-dioxo-2- 

anthracenesulfonlc acid. 

Quinoline yellow base Quinophthalone. 

R salt 3-Hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, 

disodium salt. 

RG acid (Violet acid) 4-Hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonicacid. 

Rhoduline acid (J Acid Imide) 7,7'-lminobis(4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid). 

RR acid 3-Amino-5-hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

S acid 4-Amino-5-hydroxy-1-naphthalenesulfonicacid. 

Schaffer's acid 6-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonicacid. 

Silver salt 9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-2-anthrazenesulfonic 

acid and salt. 

Solvent Yellow 1 p-Phenylazoaniline and hydrochloride. 

Solvent Yellow 3 4-(o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine. 

SS acid (Chicago acid) 4-Amino-5-hydroxy-1,3-naphthalenedisulfonicacid. 

Sulfanilic acid p-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid. 

o-SuHobenzaldehyde o-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid. 

Tetralin 1 ,2,3.4-Tetrahydronaphthalene. 

Thiolindoxyl 3(2H)-Thianaphthenone. 

Thiosalicylic acid o-Mercaptobenzoic acid. 

Tobias acid 2-Amino-1-naphthalenesulfonicacid. 

TODI Bitolylene diisocyanate. 

o-Tolidine 3,3'-DimGthylbenzidine. 

a-Toluic acid Phenylacetic acid. 

a-Tolunitrile Phenylacetonitrile. 

4-n»-Tolylenediamine Toluene-2,4-diamine. 

Trimellitic anhydride 1,2,4-Benzenetricarboxylicacid, 1 ,2-anhydride. 

Trimethyl base 1 ,3,3-Trimethyl-2-methyleneindoline. 

Trinitrophenol Picric acid. 

Urea J acid (J acid urea) 7,7'Ureylenebis(4-hydroxy 

-2-naphthalenesultonic acid). 

VeratrakJehyde 3,4-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde. 

Veratrole o-Dimethoxybenzene. 

Vinyltoluene ar-Methylstyrene. 

Violet acid (RG acid) 4-Hydroxy-2.7-naphthalenedisulfonicacid. 



B-4 



APPENDIX D 
ALPHABETICAL CHEMICAL INDEX 



Appendix D 

Alphabetical Chemical Index 

The alphabeiical index of chemicals contained in this appendix table is an outgrowth of the 
processing of data by the U.S . International Trade Commission for its annual report. Synthetic Organic 
Chemicals. United States Production and Sales. This index will aid those who have an interest in the 
report, either as users of the published data or as suppliers of individual company data to the 
Commission, principally by showing the section number and line item number of specific chemicals. 
This information can be used to assist in locating a chemical in the report and to provide respondents to 
the Commission's questionnaire with information on where to list their production and sales data. The 
index shows only those chemicals for which production or sales were reported to the Commission for 
this edition of the report 

The index, initially designed for Commission use in computer processing of data for the annual 
report, has certain characteristics that should be noted to increase its usefulness. For example, superior 
headings for indi v idual entries are not shown in the index. Thus, understanding the contents of the Hrst 
item in the index, "accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents, acyclic, other" necessitates that 
the index user turn to the individual section (in the report) and item number (in the questionnaire) to 
fmd those acyclic accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents already specified. Similarly, the 
index entry "specific gravity 0.940 and below" does not by itself identify the chemical product. The 
index user will need to turn to the indicated section number and item number to determine the chemical 
referred to — in this case, polyethylene. 

The chemical names used in this report and in the questionnaires sent to U.S. producers to 
obtain the data aggregated in the report are listed alphabetically in the fu-st column of each listing in the 
index . The second column refers to the section in the report and questionnaire containing the chemical, 
and the third column shows the appropriate item number in that section in the questionnaire. 



D-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



6 . 






^;£ 



d>* 



C>OOOCJ'^OOOOOOOOOI~^0000»-000»-'>»OOOOOOOOt--.0)0'-mcOCT>t^O>'*0)0000 
<0OOh.0>»-OOOOOOOO<i3OOOO0000O)C>JC\JC0OOOir)OOOtmU><0l00000C>JO«DC0OOOO 

opO'-^_c\jpppc>qppppppppc\jc>jcs)cococoqqpopop'-;''-^'^'^^»^T-c\)cypjTroppp 

■*'ir>tDo6ododoicJcn<D'odc>^'ininc^r>^oDobodcba3od<i)odo)0)0'tin 

»--t-»-^»-t-»-corjcocO'^^'«i''^uimioto«>u3<r3io<£)<DtDooo)o>a)a)0>o>o>oioio)o»o)ooooot-^i^t-^ 



CVJ CVJ CM C\J Csl CM CM ' 



■CJCMCMCMCM'-'-'- 



«D 0> ^ »- r- CM -Og, i2 CM §1 § 

SSSSSSS^SS — — — — — 
OD CD ffl ffi ffl ffl ^ CD CD CD CD ffl 

:sss.'5s:5:sss:s:s:s 



C000'-»-C000'-^O 

»-CM^»c^J^^c?Joo<»9>t^'CMc^ 

^(0(00><-'<-CM^CMCjrOCOCO 
CD GO CD CD CD ffi OD 3S CD ffl ffl CD S 

:y.-2.'2:5:2ssss."5:5ss 



h» o> o »- u) 00 o> r^ O) ^ 

2'<»o>o<or-oorfunDCDci5oooocMco«o 

« ,- ^IOO)0)Cn«-»-»-»-'-'-»-CMCMCM 

■g'cccccccccccccccc 
3S222992229222S59 

5 ffl CD CD CD CD CD CO CD CD CO OO CO CD CO CO CD 

o o o o q o o o o o o o o o o o o 
<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 



^ "O »- •- CM 
C c c c c 

:5:5:2:ss 

u u u u y 
<<<<< 



lOOOOOOOO 



O>U)t>>f^00IAIAIO<OCMin 



oooooooo oooo 

oSoOoScMO SoOO 



O OO o o o o 



oooi/)or-o> o> irt < 



IPIOPPPPQO 

lOirtTrr^oooo 



(}>ir>pomir>oo( 



00 0> O t^ »- •- U> CM »- «0 •- CM 0> ^ m CO •- »- »- 00 to CM 00 CO o> OO 5 •- ^ 

00 »- »-•-•- •t- o CO <o »- T- o) 00 00 toot CO o» "- * o o r- "- 

9 •- 00 ^ •- CMCM »- ■^CMCMCMCM 



o *- O O O »- »- O O »- »- •- OO O O O O O O r- o »- ^ooo«-»-»- »- o »- o o o «- O O I 



»jX 


CBC 


o .o 


«.U re 


o o o 





S -S O^ ^ ^ (fl 

'* . Q Q O O 

u re re re fl] 

fr • » « a 




2 • • i >.? -S 5 

€ ^S 3 « -5 9- c 

» o oi"o-o^o 2 

g c E o « re re 5 
t t t^ y #1 <> ». * " 
re <" ™ ™ -^ J^ ji • 2 



■5 >>:2 
■« • = 

re f.o 

re « re 
o reB 

9 O O 

o< o 



8 E£ : 

re re a. 
o c re 

g D o o 

<8'8 « 

fM<^ 



E 
o ^ 

9 0)-^ 
- C C C 

_ o o o 

^ Q) O <S 
_. O (J O 

eM<<< 



< re 

b5 



^15 It 
. • y -D • (5. o 

®S X X S S2-E 
0.2521915 'S 
o » * o >. >.ir ^5 

S<<< 8 8^" 

< Q.»- «><<Z 



CM 



2 c 
o o 

xl-ll 

^ :& o (0 

^5e£ 
a o » c 
> c ^ re „ 
— re "-^o-^ 

c o o £ ^ ^ 

° o » i-5-^-!5 

» o 0) < rf ,:.^ 
o o o_i ^ • o 
<<<ZcmQ< 



CMO 
CM I/) <0 
J£ JC JC 

u u u 
CD 03 CO 

u u y 
<<< 



D-3 



Appendix D 



^2 



co^ 



0)2 



coooooooooooooi^ooooocntoooo 
cvjooooooooooooeoooooo'^oiooo 
ppqppoppqpppp^ppppcvicvjpq^-;© 
•^co<di^odT-^e\ii>>^0)T-^cO«dc\ic\jpi'tirif^t^t^'«tooooro 

O »- »- »- ••- CNJ C\J «M CO « rt rt CO CO CO CO CM CO ■^ 00 

cvj toi^ 



oo o o 
in(£>t< 00 

0> O) oi CVJ 

cocococvj cot 



oooooooooooooooooo 
ooooinooooooooooooo 
Lopo)popppppooooi/)oooo 
cjiO'.-^^'^cjcooiuStNiocbcvi^-'cJcoioco 
•^■^co'-oi'-cooocvjinoii-om 

•^ ■<-CM't-»- lO^JOt^ 



;g 



o « 
E E 






am 



s s » 






u o u u u 

<<<<< 



:s:s.'s 

u u u 

<<< 



S S S S » 



•*ooo 

T-..-C\J 

S S S 

T2:s:s 



0> (D (B O 
'-CM >,c 
CMPJTJ O 

* * i ™ 

ffi ffl ^ O 
>•> >.§ 



8.8. 
88 

■6-"2 ._-D-o - 
i-E eo'o !siS 
■§«£«««?>> 
2 £•>•.« .9 |£ 
« o 2 -S.-^. g • 

■E>?|-ooo| 
Scvj^ 9 <P E^ 
< « CO « s a a 
— ^"5 e'2'2'2"o 
.EE IeEEE 
— J5 ^ JS J5 J5 J5 ■ 
9£>8 £>£<£•£> 
o o o o o o 

<< <<<< 



_ = >> 

•^ ® ! ~ « 

£ a. ■ o =6 O y « en K 

?8 -Slo®*^!? 
■ ij£x> 2 * ® °-?^a :^c 

5-D<?^i>=5^Eg««^S« 
I ■= i « « .« .^ « ^ .c Q.._ .2 c 

Q '>>'>«'>»'>>'>>'>> <J <J <J <-> o — E 
o o o o o o o oo oo 0"D 

<<<<<<<<<<<<< 



E 



2 
«.fi 

■■0£ 

m O. 

J5 o 
■£•4 

Wo E 
*" Q..<S 

■ill 

§=€ 

ECO ?• 

E o a 

* V"9 
:5"o"-o-g 

So o'o 
(0 CO <0 

.9 y .9 .u 

0.0.0.0. 

<<<< 



» ' ' lO 00 c>j <o 1- S ■ 

5,t^ 00'>-C\J<D«Oe0»-»-^»-»- -o ■ 

C 0>0>0>0>a>0>0)OQ>0)0)0) Q) t- ^ ^ 

S§nra§nrai§n|| § g'S^g ■§■§■§■§"§■§ "g-g-g-g "J -g-g-g-g-g -g-g ■g-g-S"g-^-^-^ S-S-S-S-ii 

oOOOOOOOOOOOOo'^trircrircctrcEirDccrirtrirccocarccccccccccirirSSS „-i-55!>i> 

s. "5:5:2:522 -5:2:253:5:5^3. "2 ."S 
oooooooouoooo 0^ 000 

<<<<<<<<<<<<<<s<<< 



:::::::::!:::!!:::::::! «^ : : : : : 

o)r«.»-<otM«oioflo«DO>i^^^oooo"'2£_:^'«^»f*-2 

ft^cor-oo»-coirt<Dooc\jtor^o)a>cotoooooO''-™°' • n>co»>»»-'-^ 
■mr^oooo-'-'-'-'--'>-cjCMrjc\jojcocococo'«i-'*^^ ^-o ■5 « m m « 



'2.2 222^222222222222222'022222S2 
ioooo'ooo'o'cj o'oo'o'o'o'o'o'o'o'o uoooooooo 



D-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



ll 



CNi 

o o 

CVJ o 

m n 

S2 CO CO 



o Ln o o 

o tT o lO 
o o o ■«! 
r^ ^ ^' CO 

<o C\J CM 
CM CO C\J 



oooooooooooooo 

O'-OOOIOOOOOOOOO 

ouioo'-copooooocpo 
<bcocoo)cocoodo)cvjc\icoiri(bcji 

CM r^^CMCM«3^lOr-0)'-CMCM 
h- TT CM CM CM CM •- CM ■•- 00 



o o 

O U1 

o o> 



oooooooooo 
oootDoocnooo 
ootoinoc)cj>ooo 
ibcJCMContDibr-iriirj 

CM ■^ 0> CM CM CM CO 
1-00 ^ •- •- CO 



o o o o o o o 
o o o o o o o 

O l/l •- ^ »- l/> '- 

■«r cji CO d CM lb ai 

O CM (D CO «J f^ 
CM CM TT <0 



mm'^CM"*ir> cMif)'<»'Vcoeo'^'V'«ti~-r--Ttt--to CMiT) f^inr-r-*N.r^r^r^mr^S^oocMmcMCM«o<o 



2 « 
«>. 

X o 
O J£ 

^ m 
n - 
. <o 



Q. « >•>. 

> _:5 :2 a J? o o o 

: — j£ j£ jc ^d£ ^ d£ 
<<<co<<< 



o o 



•D « ^ 






a o 
11 



- ^ « w i u 

o o 2 o .9 £ 

jc £ ■£ ^ >. 
^ Q. Q.3 Q- Q-_ 
■^ >.>.>.>.>.>> 

j£ jc j£ j£ je je 

<<<<<< 



^ o o 

fc '— — n 



$ y 
SI- 5-5 



£ $ y g 



c a 



• w _ w _ E 

ffl 0) Q O ® 'o 

. >.o o o o i 
<<<<<< 



c_ 9 



« o 

>i^ 
<5 « 
■go 

-S.y 

o u 

tsS 

n.-5 • 
U o o 
c c a 
o S e 

^ i^ ® 
u o « Q- 



c <» 
I- 

Q. X 
O O 

Q.£ 
_ 9 

_ X C 

-= -S * 



oE 

CD "O 
_ O 

Is 



D S; ® 

_ O Q. 

g Q.2 



o o 



o o 5 ■? S 

R £ o '- 3 Q- X 



-"l|o 

^£CM-^ 
a |~CM 



.s> 



sod 



is J 

^ eo 
8 _ 

S E w <« 
£ r ?>•£ 0:5 0) <B w-D 
p -i >--iL ? 3 3 m m N M 



° £ ^ 5 J ^ £ ^2 2 ™ 5-< ^< ^^l'^< S< ^1-^ a a Q. 5. 
<< << < d< ^<<< <•* ^co <<<<<<< 



ll 



000 
000 

»- CO o 
»^ CO 5 
CO »- CO 

■•- <o ^ 



000 000000 

000 mooooo 

CSOOO ■^ CO ■V ■•- CM O 

r^ •^ CO <b ^ CO CO CO i/i 

•* r-~ CM r~ rr 00 00 < 

^ m CO 



o o o o o o »- o o m o o ooooooooo 



00 CM 

C) 00 00 00 ^ 



o o o >» 
^ t^ d ^ 

(J) T f^ CM 



o 10 r^ 1 1 >- m 

a> CM l/> CM CM o 



mr^<\joo^i/i'»coco 

"- Ul CM 0> CM Ift 00 



toe 



•- -r- lf)lti 




00 

■5 "S 



■= w 

c a. 
n <o 

B o 
O tOTJ 

i-2 2 i 

-fie^S 55-2 

S-P P* ■£ 3 •- 

oOO-og -g" 
««,-«^» I • * 
2 2 2 g"Q.™"Q.i 

= = = 0-D-g.T3 I 
SxSfc«)C§ 
E 1 1 - " 2 " . 
oooooSoo 

^ ^ ^ ^ .C -^^ J3 ■ 

<<<<< << 



"8^ 






E 



22 ° 
<< 



>■ >~ m O 
J= JI ™ C 

« ffl -t ra 
22 J-J£ 
<<<< 



2 X Q. P 

E 2 -S^i 



It 



2 3. 0) y 

•g O U) OL 

? E c5 Q.<B 

^■o rc-5 ^ 

"■S.OccB" 
t o^ y w S 



E "O 

" X 

E 



E 2 



i§ 



y- ■ e^--Sjo 

* t-o =. • ?^2 IB 
o c 



EC •.£ 



ScM-§^§8^°<.X|.|||i.^Sc 



1-^1 _ 

;;nJc^p-p= 



<CO<<<<<CM 



2 2-^£.^? g£ 
^— iS i5 ™ iS ^ g* 

• nj ^ ^ _^ ^ j^ j^ to 

:z<<<<<< 



D-5 



Appendix D 



1^ 



W2 



ll 



W2 



o 
o 


CO o 

o o 

ID ■^ 


o o o o o 
o o o o o 

<£) 0> O O O 


o o 
o in 
lO ■<*■ 


o 


0> CO 


00)0 j^CNI 
CO?) CO n 


C*J0O 

mm 


CO 


m lo 


CO in I/) m m 


in IT) 



o o o o o o o 

oomoooo 

o O'^ooo o o ooooO'-;ir)iniDooaoo 

00 n-<f <o ■^ ■^ 00 <b <boorv!o)ocococorriria>oo 

^ »- O O T- ■.- »- '-'-•-»- CO CO CO CO CO ^ CD f^ 



OOOCOOOOO 



OTJ- -"l- 



CO CO 



CO 



• C0( 



IBS' 

Ie 

c 3 

H 

o-g 

CO o 
o <0 

o.y 



-I 

IT) C7 

cm" g 
o o 



CO 



X w * 



o i 
nj t3 



.£ o 

< « 

2 

"o_- 

w c 



® n « re 
<o * 'S « 

W:i 3 O 






2 c 



®£ 
o" • 
oSgrs 

c E 



o 

c c = o 

re re t re 

■£ >. jS. (J 

I -" -.te t ^ ® -C "^ o 

o ^ 5 (J 

« E.c-D 
o< EiS 
l£i<8 



c re 

P 

re "T 
:5 CM 



Q ■ 

c«oin 
6= o c 
£ ^ .£ N 
E.EE.2 
< E< i: 



E E 
<< 



? « * <B 

E = E •s 
c • T ™ 

^2 1 8 
o-^ re re 

>-_£■ >. >. re -5 3 -5 -5 g .'S 

l§s|8g8 8cv.Ei 

o g-D oi-EEE 0< c 



« ° n, t - 

■i-^asE 

. V Q.COJ: 



■ - y a N o 



- E ^ - >; * _ n 
'7o>.£c5oS 

?■ E ® 3 n O 2 00 9 (S « 9 <B -S 

E >.c\j J o « 9- o^ ■= = ■= re re 
S e S'S ^ HI a Q- Q- Q- Q-f * . 
■D|.£re9£££££££S-o' 
£.SE°6EEEEEEEt^c 

C O ff^ c 



■OTJ 

I o c 
i-9:i 
! m 3 



(A 

c :9 

a> o 
N re 



's 



EE^ !.§'<<< |S| 
E£i-^ 6<<0i<-£2!.£l.£i<cM m 

<C\jCi ZCi. CM r^T^rlcgZ 



gCVICMCVlCp'^irxpCM^I 
0£.b'S^QOOOOOOOO 



< c c c 



E E E ^ S E E 1 E E E E E 1 E 

eg ^ E dj CM CM CVI CM CM CM CO CM CM 



E E 
< re 



N re c 
re Q-O 

<B o (S 9- Z >.:= 

-c c -c 2 >-y re 

. a-^ CL.E Q.= CO 

o E o E o iS o 

E clE^ E.c E 

Q. CLCO ■^ e^<ir> 



O^ lOlO O CD 

t^ ^ ift uS «b ui 
oocotniA'^ tn 
incMcocoh» CO 



lAocccooor^oou) 
lft^^uSlf)t^colf)ob^^^b 
ifl'^irtin^'-in^inco 
co«ocoeor>»t^cor^CMr^ 



o o o 
oo o 
t~«.'i><;co 



oo»-ooooO'-oinooo 
irir^t^cMcoirii^'TiricocjicbKoo 

COCMCMCMCMCOCOOO^l/ICMlOlftlft 



o o oo oo o 
<n o o o o o o 

<}> <3 p IT) in I/) o 

r^ o) oo ^ o *— O) 
o m o CO t^ t><. r>. 



m in m m m in m m in m m in m m m co 



2 * 
re TJ 

C X 

2 o 
c» B 

2^-S 

O 9 crt 

re (ij^ 
E E E 

3 3 3 
C C C 

E E E 

3 3 3 



&2 
p re 

Q. re 
o 9 
.i2m 

^•6 
E E 

3 3 
C C 



bbt^ 

reSio 

rei5 >■ 
3 .2-^ 

O 90 
K C - 

o re T- 
coB92 

?-core E 
E E2 E 

3 3 3 3 
C C -Q C 



8-^ 



9"S 2 

;5 X re 9 
S R2 re 

8&|^ 
.2 .2 E 6 
E E E E 

3 3 3 3 
C C C C 



£ To 



CM CMinCM CM CO CO •^ n CO CO O) CO CO CD CO CO CO 

-- ■^ -r- ■^ ■.- o o >- >- o o oo oo o o o 



LU % 



iiiw!S.9 

«n 2 <o£ 
9£ 9 O 

.£ o c = 

E= E " 
re »« o 

?if ?^ 
•i ^1 S> 

re y re ^^ 

C3) 



en 



re 



^ w »w 9 E 

9 o>je 0)= 
^ >.c >»- 
^ >< ;= X 

E 



>.re 

X *"^ 



E E 

3 3 
C C 



• E 

k- X ;= X . 

5 o a, o I 

* g re E re o,Z 

S -D cfl •« <n c -5 

o >.9 x: 9 > ° 

=5 -c :o « :5 (0 = 



9 x i — 

„-;o o o o 9 



re = 

. re 

o . 

^% 
re o 



2; c 

re re 

en c 

■D o 

re.S 
9 c 



S!9 i2;g" • c ra 



re 9 
y E 
o'f? 

3 ^ 
in S 



* m O 
. 9 N 



^^:2 o 



<<< 



E E 

_3 _3 
<< 



EExE 

^_3 O3 
<< < 



E E E E 

^ ^ ^ .3 
<<<< 



E E 
<< 



5 C O c O C 

E EE^ E- E 
<<< < < 



re re 
en en fc_ 
999 
c c j: 

EEO 
<< 



■O c en in^.E S 

E « c c en i^JS 
re re reg "~ 
9 re en en re£ 2 

y 6.-0 -g Ac S 

f *fE'E«f <1 
V co< <co »-< 



11 



E E 
<< 



S 9 
9 *". 9 

"■■Oo 
■o 2 S 
g re. 5 

re.o£ 
o o o 



goo 
■§=.£ 
.E E E 
E<< 
< (icvi 






c.U 



: c~ 
I 9 3 
: ^ en 



-2£ O 
~ >>9^ 
£.E o 
£ ®:5co_ 
oEii 6 o 
g « t E re 
§-9 123 

.0 CO 2-0-0 

o oj: o o 
c c re c c 

E E See 

CM in CMCM 



CM E 

o^ = 2S 



S22 
Hi 

SCMCM 



E E E 
<<< 



EE?5 



h~ »- mcocD 



D-6 



Syntheiic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



*:2 



C02 






ooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 

00000000000000000000)0000000 

oooooooooocMooooooooooppoopo 
o^c\icr)Tr<DO>ocJc\Jc>Ji/So)<bc><rio)oboor--cric\JfOt^c\j'- 
a>o>o)0)050>o)00'-'T'-»-iocg cvicoco cocococoidt 

lo m m 1/5 If) m m CD CD c\j CO c\i CM co cm c\j c\i »- cm c\j cm •- 



C\JCMC\JCJCMCMCMCMCMnCMOC001CMt-»ir>C0C0C0t-»<DC0C0C2<0tD 
^T-^.^T-^T-.-t-O'-OOOT-O'-OOOOOOOOOO 



O O OCT) O O O 

C3 CO uS r>^ ^' ^ ^~' 
ID CD lO »- in CM o 
CO CM ^ n •- CO 00 



_ _ _iOOOOOO 

OOCMO'iPpppCOCO 

cj)LriuSr^r-».odN^cocriob^' 
CO •<» O) o) r-- o) r- CO CO 

COI-^CO COCM'J- •-'» 



lOCDlD(Df^<D«Din^«Dm 

•-oooooo--»-o»- 



n 



i 2 2 E S S^ 
> o o o o £ « o 

ieeeeSss 



« ^1 



ooooooooo« 

.tr .« -tr .tr .tr .tr .n .^r .tr c 
^^^^^^^^^^ 

(ntAcnbO(nv)(n(A(A^ 

222222999 
>%>>>%>.>>>>>.>. >..9 
cccccccccc 

<<<<<<<<<< 



■2 0) 
>< c c 
5 <o (0 

* OE 
a ~ o 



o o 

— c 

"E 



f-t ® 0) ^ ^ 
§» >vg E 

^^■g >.o 

•~ ft in -£ en 



< eM< 



QL< Q.< 6> 



C O 

a — 
. .^ « « 3 
■g 5 ™ - " 

• £ '5 c .y 

— o o •= = 

• >.«! i 

O O Sk® t: 
in in in .c ^ 



OS 



—-2 c ^ 
T3 o 5 5 

5 c <n 
9 « 3 

I ^« 

CM o S 

Jo.E.y 
"o g- $ 



;a 



cJi 



C7) r en 



9°o'. 

O c " 

^ Si." ■ 

0)c « 
. « » c 

g)*i 

5 >. ™ 
s.-E o 

c c> 
<< 



a. o >. u >, u 



< W 

a 



c 5 o is -^ .2 o o 
Q.ra222w®« 

(n.^333NNN 
<<<<<<<< 



i.i 
ss 

5< 



ooooooooooo 
ooooooooooo 
ooooo«-oocooo 
CMC0»^ifla>O)'-^cor--^»-'cM 

O O n CM CO CMCMCViOCM 

CM eg 1/1 in w<D«-«or-- 



CMOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCgOOOOOOOOOOOOO 
CMOOOOOOOOOOQOOOmiOOCOOOQCOU>Ol/><SLn001DOOOO 

ooouio<oirtooo»-oooom<off>oui^O'-;Ococoppino<ppir>pp 
ir)co<£>«b^O)0)C>ico»-o^<ou)c6 i/)(/)coc6<dcoobcoo6cocoobcM»-^co5CMO>co 

^1/>CMC0^ *-»- *-»-CDCOC) O)l/5»-00 CO COCO ^CMCMC)^0)C0O 

CMUi^r^^ irtio »-oo ocM CM CMCM r>.r».»- uj^mio 




E E E 

■ oooS 
E E E o 
E E E E 
<<<< 



re n .^ 
^ -o -n 



^i 



5 ra <» re o 2 
o 9 re5S-g-2 

Q- Q._ O « 8 > 

c o g re £ c o 



o o 
E E 
<< 



o re 

q.'q.'q. S. S. Q. ■>.'>. 
EEEEEEEE 
<<<<<<<< 



^ o o 9 o 

O = O o -D ■J.f « S « 

^if ^1 :E J ° ■§:>.■§: 

"EEEE^E<<< 
0<<<< 2< ^-L ^ 



>..2 
X :^ 
O Jt 

^ .re 



■£ E 
Q-_ ". o « « ■£ 'P i 

9® «g >-s«<bas 

S.i--§_2|":yl9 9 

E J E >-^ ^-^^^^ 
<<<E-rEcccc 
.i cs. j:. < Q.< < < < < 



re £ re « 

re g -o • 
:"o o O 



D-7 



Appendix D 



§ o 

«:2 



V>^ 



0)oooooooooTroc\joo-<3-oooooO'-ooooo--oooooiDorrc2;2;^oO'-^oooo 
Soooooooooo^i--oooooooo-^ooooooooooqqqqq^'-pqoqqqqq 

c^'f«^c^cn^^^•«r•<r■*c^«•*c\Jcoc^c^onc^c^Jcocococ^coc^Jcocooc^c^cocoor)c^"cop^ 
oooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 



n (0 



is T3 ® ® ® 

M .a M .a .a 

vi tn ui tn w 

(0 (0 <0 (Q (0 
CD CO CD OD ^D 



n 

Of"*'* 

CD CO CD 
U.U.U 

0) V> (/> (A </> V) 



m ® ® 

5 = = 
^coco 



o O^' 

"5 «2 

. .0. 

_ ^, CO «) . 

oc>a « o^^^ 
•* m >. >..r- _ Z. 
'-'-■D-o _ £ £ 
* « a « 1 s s 
3 = 53^ 2 2 

coco £ £ CD £D 

u.a.u.u s.y.u 

V) <n <A M Jg (ft in 

(0 <0 (P W m <0 to 
coco CDCDi±l(OC0 



(ft 
« 

c c 

i « 
o 2 

n m 
asm 



= < 
in'O. 



^«J« 



5.^" •- C\i CM C\J 

"D c ® ® ® ® m ^CNJ ^ 



u.u s y y y y y « y y 

iniAjgMMinOTtnJginift 



CCCCCC 
o.o.o 
(ft "(ft 'S 

CO CD CD 



to O) ^ rj 
•* ■«» mr^ 

■o -D-D-D 
® ® O 9 

cccroccr 

o .o.oo 
'(ft '(ft '(ft (ft 
(0 CO (TJ (0 
CO CO CD CD 



* «'2 
tree £ 

o y o 

(ft (ft (ft 

CD CD CD 



)< 

'■D-S-S • « * * 

"■>-*>>i>> 

y.y.y o ooo 

(8 (0 (8 « « s S 

CD CD CD iS i! iS iS 
tt.'a.^itCD CD CD CD 



oo 
o o 

CNJPJ 
CM'«* 



ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooor-oooocjoooooq 
ir)'-^oa><bi<uih-^^cri«bf^c\juS'-^cr)uif--^<boi'-'cMirirod«btv:ob(7>Trir)iDdob<oco 
comi/>cO'ro)00'-»-'-i/5tocor-^t^r^i^r^r>.ooa5ooo>r^o>c\jc\icgnnoojP5«otoo)oo i^nt^omm 

'T C\i (\J CM CJ CM CO CO CO CO CO CVJ CJ CJ CM C\j C\( C\J CM pg eg C\J CM CM CJ CM C\J CNJ CJ CM C\J CJ c\j •- m «o «o «) CM r-. CO 



^-•t- ••-OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO'-O'-'-^^'-^-'-'-O 



■£.■£ 

?.i 

E-c£ 2 
(0 "S « >> ' 

OcM£i,0^ 

.12 "STe i2 -g 

•.- cMCM — y 

'-"cm" cm' < 



« w 

£ « 
= o 

^ ^ (0 = 

CMVCDOC7) ? 2 5*=*=*=*=*=^^^^^ «"*" 

fMi-:ZS:ruS<o^^iO(0(0(0(0(«(ft(«(n(ftift — 

^ •? •^ ■T ■? P -eOCM OCMCOCMOOoS 

a a o o « ^irt'-co^coirtooo) — ^^c^il--". "• 
oooooo^^ccccccccccci2« 



c c c c c c 



8. 8. 8. 8. 8. 8.* » »• »o * 

Q Q o Q Q Q 8.8.S.S.S.8.S.S.8.S.S.S.S.9 q 

OOOOOOEEEEEEEEEEEEE|-g- 



- Q.Q.C1.Q.Q.Q.000000000000000 



"- CM<D P ^ „ J 



«2 



JI'SQ.Q.Q.Q.Q.CI.OOOOOOOOOOOOOOO'^'^OOB'SOC 

<o ^ 2 <? o Q CD Q o .2 .2 .5 .™ .? .5 .5 .™ .™ .™ .2 .5 .5 S <3 ^ ^ "8 "o "o "o ^ <o 
ScDCDO05oOOOQQQQQQQQQQQClQ^-6Cra:QC2>>>-g 

y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y S 
0000000000000000000000000000000^ 



(0 — 

.1 1 1ft 2 E 

C3>._ JO o <fl D 

^ (0 p S N b 

^ C ™ O « (0 

= 2 i E E E 

= ■& 5 3 3 3 



10 



10 



^ « « 

■>.2£ «^ 

■■^ "-"^ (0 

^ ^ »2'§ 
cmJS c (ft J2 

EEEE<° 
3 3 3 3.y 

c '=: 'C '^ (ft 

/ (0 (0 (0 (0 (O 
1 CD CD CD 00 CD 



D-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



^S 



toS 



<oe 



noooooooooooooooi 

OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOi 

0)Of^ppo»-;pc\ipcO'J;c\JC)ppi_. _.,____ .— 
'»u)t^ir)odobobuSob»-inuSco<dtf>ir)o>i^obo>o»— cvjr^oo 

■^ »«. |v. CNJ f^ t^ •- r^ 00 »- r- 00 00 »- CO •- OeO 0» '-'-»- o 
SJC\J^C\J CM CVJCNJ CVJCM U) I/) CM CM ID 



O O O ( 

o o o < 



o o 



o in 
o ri 
o o 



( O O O O I- _ _ 

I O O O O U) o o 

O O O O O 00 O p CM pO 

oioidr-^cMCMcO't'-' ••-'iri <bo> 

•«• O •-'-■•-'-■•-'- CO ie>y- T- 

•*l 



• in lo irt irt lo ifl irt CM ^ m 



o o o o 

coin in ui 
in ••-'-•■- 



CO CO CO <o CO h- CO m CO CO m m CO CO in <o (*» m CM CO CO 1^ 1^ m CM cm cm cm cm cm cm cm cm co cmcm 

O O O O O O O »- O O »- »- O O »- O O »- ^ O O O O T- »- »-»-»-»-»-»-»-»- T- »- •- 



,1 

<5«8 
iE 
a. 2 

£ CO 

« S- 
- ^iS o 



Ei 

"c >. 
o£ 
E« 

n o 

£ >> 
c5-= 
ECi. 
=6.<2 

fc-g o 



-2!s5t:o>.cfcH>»oR 



|^;S -0:5 ^ 
I u^-g"o|"5 

iipi|l 
iillilE 

•>.E c E E = = 
« 18 = c « I o 

IS||fl| ;^. 





c c c c c 
00 OD CD CD ^D 



oinooooocoooinooo)cO'«<ooocMOOOOOOOOO 



g.i.i|EE-gl:Ho 

c c c c c c c $^ E 
CD CD CD CD CD OD CD (D ^ 



E 
-I 

E.i 

is 



E| 

8"® 
T) 2 






CD'S CM 

«■?§£ 



in w >* 

>.>.o 



P >.-c . 
£j 0) 9 «'E 

g CD iS m E 

CDCM T^ 



CD 'S e 
2 >«5 

(A (A V) 



C C C 
ODODtO 



<ooocMocMh-floooooooooooin»-ino>ini>»i>~'«»'0) 
o> o> ^ <D «o «o «o f^ t^ r~» r>» h- r«» t^ h«. h<. r*. CM f>- •- CM CM ncMin 

CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CM«n CM<OCM »- 



0000000000 
ooomoo'-ooo 
pmincMinptv-ppp 

^in<bo>''-''th»«bN^co 



oooooomooo 
oooooo»-CMcoin 
»-pT-pinpppc5p 

000*CO^CO^O>00>0 

<o «D r^ oh« CO 

CMCMCMf^CM •- 



S'^^^^ n'^'^'^^ ^ ^^ ■^'» "? ^^ ^ m in<or-co«oco cm cm cm m co co cm co co cm co co co <o p> <d m in m in 
O 00 O O 000000 O 00 O 0000 •- 00000 ^00»-00»-000 O O 000 Ot-'<- «- »- 






CM • • ,< 

cooomoooco^toooo >.>><\j 



:s 



inin«or^r~-flbeno>o>»-"o"o 



i^co *•'" 

u u u u 

(A (0 <A V) 

(0 n) cQ (0 
CDCDIQCQ 




en 10 en 
CD CDS] 



.u.u.u.u 

(0 (A (A </) 
(0 (0 (0 CO 
(Q CO CD CD 



CA CA CA 

CDCQffl 



lllllll 

.U.U.U.U.U^ o 
(A en in CA CA ffl £ 
CO CD (Q CO CO £Q o 
CD CD ffi CD CD - - fP 



£9 • p 
■n Ti P 



?««-E-5 



.£ .C.C c-o - 

N « e o — a 

>-5 2:¥ E c 

t! <o (0 CO <o « 

(0 N N N N IM . 

c c c c c c 

OD CD CD CD CD ffl 



.^ 



« 3-D 
CO* 



10 



P5= 



CD CD 



Q."-cn 
c c c 

N N N 

c c c 
CD CD CD 



■9 
"ScAfH 

X E •« 
-11^1' 

5«i.-.s 

•Je >. « c t 

£ C S « CD 
= 3 C O ® 

O CD CD o o 



■p >• 



<0Q ® 

lis? 

oiTj^ re 

.il-.i8 

J *— ' (S (D (D 

CD CD CD 



2l ^ 

if b-g 

CM £ O « 

.2 ;o;5T3:2;o 

6 re re re ro « 
c o y o o 
® o'o'o'o'o 

CD N N N N Nl 

' c c c c c 
co^ <p o o . (D 
«— * CD CD ffl CD OD 



D-9 



Appendix D 



^2 



C02 



o o o o 
o o •- o 
CO »- »- m 



oo 



ooooooooo o o o oo 

•"toooooooin »- o o oo 

inoocoovp'Tinin o in p pp 

ui o> c\i in 1- eri o ■<* o od •- in <d o 

m 00 cvj in cj m c\j o> cvj »- ■^ t ^ to 

'S- ■* CD ■t coo ■««•■•- »- ■•- 



como) CO ^ o ■^ ''^ o CM m og cj c\j cocmcvjcm cmcvjcm cm ^ cj cj cm co m in in co <o in m g 



h 
1.1 



So 

id 
«0« 



§o 

S A >..Q >• 

J, M CO Q-^ 
"Si • w • 
-'^'^.gcM 



II 



ii 
IP 

*■© « 

« o c. 
JI c «- 

9-a 



«0 (O^ 



Q-S 2 Wo 
*■£ >>';^!5 

D)£ J= o .« 

9 a^S « 9 
1^2 CO 5 2 

>.>.-Aco • 
• ? ? m £ - 

ffiffiZbOCD 



., •£ 

O /« «= • 

*'E iS.2. 

E « >;>; 

c c (g n 
iE $ * 
i-^ = 
«^iS « 
>. C-p "O 

^ o a a 

' • >• CO IS 

■^£ c c 

^ 9 9 O w 

o .2 .2 m o 2 
oaCDCD (Q 



flj (0 Q ^ 

olll 



Ml? 

X X X ?^ 

■5-D-o * 
>.>.>>x 



2-5- 



2epcQep^ o 

aZZ_Z M^ 2 £2*2 
zzzffi mom 



IIe 

W X 3 
>•«) o 

«■£ E 

i <5 « 
« 8"i 

«g^ 
S>.2 

s-Sl" 

■o o ■!: 
>.<o ® 
-=3E 

til 
« ^« 

X ** X 

o S o 

^, CM .^. -2 



nil 






(fl-iS ijr: c£ co-r.x 
|?.|^^2 2tgc 

.2;2£^;2 «r ■««'■« i 

Z_Z_ 2 Z Z_(«) rvi CM CO ^^ 
Z Z CD Z Z ^'cm'cm* V 






9-^ o £ * 
2 c^jc « X 
§.£>• e| 
2 2 ?^ • '^ 

CD i CM ^W £ J- 

m' is <D Z 



ooooooo o ^ o o o o o o o o o o o o o 

ooooooo ot^ o o oo o o o o o o o O Q 

ooc\jT-opo inopppppinppinpppp 

(brNleoi^odedo) coooo>oo>^o>o>o»-^^^"n^co 

••-»- o> »-»-•<- »- in»- ^ o«o»-'» ^ ioin»-CMO>o 

CMin lo ^ »- lo CO r* to <o «o «) «D P) r«-eo 




ino^ 



o o 

o CM 
O 00 

cdcb 
inK 



o o 
oo 
<o o 



oooooooooo 
oooooooinoo 
kno>ooooooa)oa> 



CM t^ >- r^ r^o ^ o in^ooi 

^ -• »-ocooor^'^»-( 

O CO •<* ■* t>» •^ ( 



^ »- eM»- »- oi 



inco mm cm m mmcMCMCvjotm m 



9S 

•c p 
iJ-o 

0£< 

E E c 

2 3'E 
•S 'c 'c a 
n o o iS s 

S E E 95 

££ • 2 Q 
£ o o a-D £ 
r EEB^5 

^ C C K _ ♦; 



?•§. 

■S c2 

Q.^ (IS 

•D * > o 
9 9 9 _c 
C C CO. 

OT OT (0*0 
(0 <0 (Of 

£ £ £ ^ ■« 

O <D <B S O 



c • 
E 



i* 
E 9- 

« a ^ 
c-c 5- 
n o g 
■Co .2 

• g-TS 

9- . o 



c ft-fra.£ E E E e| Q>c 

"d • .a .2 
SOD com 



■a^-o>>cA 

:h2 }k E>.c5 
gtE<i' = x 

« Q.2 Esl" 
«M-85 7asM 

"'^Z^t^CDCM « 
.Q-^..2 * ^.<o .2 ■*- 
cQzm zcM'm 



8 

i> 

o> 
o 

c 

«£ 

;|^ 

cmT" 
>.• 

X £ 
O 9 
• =• 
O >• 
«o£ 

9 « 

2S 

•9 =-c- 

v"2J.£ 

.2 .2 * 



o (d 

N C 



eCM 
8| 

Q.E 






■S.1" 
in t 



-2 



o 13 
«_|2i.l|l|| 

.?CM « O Oa.C 0) >.~^j^ 

|:tE$.v|tl|t|f 




2SB 



■££.c >. 



mm 



■9 to:p 505 = c-^>.ii£ 



— mcoTovv ^j3-» E 
O^^ (/) w "«',"«',"«'. 2 .2 .2 .2 

Q v-T cQ CD m m m m m m m 



D-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



^§ 



ViZ. 



■»J-00000U50000000'<J;tir)C)00 



o o ■<»• o o o 
c\j o »- o <D o 
c\i q p U5 •^ q 



cjCNj eoc\J irt •* 



• r^ o o CO •- CM c\j 



oooooooooooooo 
oooocnuiooooouioo 
qqqqcjioioiqqqqoiqq 
CMobooirJuSoiotbocooitficr) 

t-^(T>U5C7)C\JCOOOO)OC\JCn''-'«l"^ 



nir)mir)i/)c\i»-io»-mmeomm 



« « §.=5 S 

o o o o-c 
EE E E o 

O O O O g 
CDOQCD CD O 



« _ 
c c.« 

•a-e 

ill 



« O 

a e 

ts 

I? 

«> 2 .CO 

c S « 5 
m <- cocD t- 



u-^ « « 

3 3 O (0 n> 

.t? t? « 3 3 



C\J c 

^« 

^"O 

, c 

« 8 

9—9 
C o C 

2 = 2 

3 W 3 

CD ^HD 



(0 

C C C 

9 ® 0) 

3 3 3 
fflCDCD 
T^CVlT^ CNI C\J 



^O 

C* O 

£ ® — 
e-^ o 
_ ^o 

^ = -^ 
r2-o o) 

0)0 a 

**■?; 
« S c 
o >. S 

IB >; -C t 

c r Q-o o 
2 « ® c£ 
= ^co iS • 

r; C<V * g • 3 t 

'"ca.oomSfMO 
■*■ o 3 3 ^ ■£ ;j' >> 
eo"3<iicD2i«£i.o> 
cvJoDr^cgcvj eg 



E_ 



t 5 



§2 

o I 



>.T5 
3 a 



x_ 
o >. 

£3 

Si 

3 E 



0) 4> 

o f5 



•5; o * 

X 3 <5 

lilies 2.. 

m = >.£ £ £ -!.£ 

', >^3 X X X 5 X 

2i-9^ 000 >-o 

CO 2-\333 03 
if. Q-£iCD CDCD^CD^ 

O CNJ'AcNICVlCDrslCCCDmCDCM 



O « ° ® -Q. 
m n n> n ^0 J, 



8.gS 
85>. 

t-a£ 
u o a 



a — ^ 



9 9 Q- ™ JS 8 « 
>s >» 03 nj (0 >N^ 

3 3 ■>.5'5'5 A 
mm 3 3 3CD 5J 



0000000 
0000000 
U) U) lA O) O O O 



if d 



(6r«>iA »- »- 



CO o> in u) <o (O CO 



omoooooooooo 

000)0)00'-OOQOO 

ooO'-iocM^ q«r-.q 
_ »-'cNic\io6c\Jd»-^t>^»-'r-^'-^ 

(CM CM^^OOOOQC>J»- '-«or^ 



o or^ 000 o 



t>.t^ ^ CO 



ooooooooooooooooor^»-o 

OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOIOO'-OO 
mOOCDO)0»-000)OOOU10>OU100l/) 
O>l>>^C\i(M'-'O>C0CO^d'-'cMuSl/JCMC0<riC)lO'^ 

«DO>^i/)CMO>mm'^ooo5500o>^or^ 

■w- T- CM »- CM CM CO CM CM CM CO CO CM CM 'T CM O 



& 



I- 

iS.3 



^ o * 



: (0 



1§ 



l^5§ 
^■££8 

9 2 ?■* 

Ei^^ 



"PeII 



o 10 

H 

2"? "ST 

<n «> iij S 



:5 

JC 

u 

E 

I 2 
S n 






E£ 02 
E • ofc. « 
<? >:ts^-5 «2 



^SE« 



8-^ 



2S2«|? 






:S< <0- 






■5.9 

_g"<M 
(0 C 

.£: ra 
2 >. 
^.& 

CO N 

CM a 



5 o 

O C 

£ o 



= "0 

3 

9 O 
N M 
C C 



5 5 

E ESS 
*~-.2 .2 .2 .52 .52 .2 .2 
ZODISCDCOCDCDffi 



E C £ C o — -^ £ o 

.2 .2 .2 .2 tM .2 .c 5 g 
CD CD CD CD «— ~CD CD CD QJ ( 



* 5 

II 
(0 g 



?, ™ s 

E 2 E 

gope 

mroCD 



o o 
E E 
o o 
mm 

CLO 



^^ 3 
■5.S-9-S c£ 

o « c ^^"? E- 
E"s ™ « o o o" 

2-£ 5co 5 55' 
op ^o 6 -c JC i= 
V ro E E o o o 
X"? 2 2 E E E 
£2."- CD CD 9 o o( 

~ T^ inCDCDCD ( 



T- O 



25 

o njLU 



^?:2 

o a-D 

^ « 3 2 

2^ "-o re 

■—.<i o >. 5. 

c c"°f 2 
re re ^ c •■= 

X X . p p 

9 9 : 




EV-ll 



Appendix D 



^S. 



«^ 






o ooooooooooooooooooooooooot-~ooooooo ooo 

O O O O O O O O O O O O O in 00 O CMCO O O O O O O O O »- O O O O O O O IT) o o 

po>o>qoqp O) oo>ir)pppqpc>ju^pc\jpc\jc\j(«)cocoi/)oppoq«>op'»in'*inpop pinp 

00)0)0)00 -<- CM C\J CM <0 CM 0> O lA O) O CO CO C\J 00 CO CO CO 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 CM 00 (C 0> O) Tf ^ O '^ 00 ^CMO 

O) «J> O) T- 0)CM 0)CMCM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CO CO CO CO t^ P5 ■•- 10 '- »- CO COCO 



u) CM CM CM tn m 



»- oo o »- • 



^O Q. 



w 



^ c >. 

« = • « 
met CM c 

5 8-S-Q.JS « 
- S-s ys £•£• 

10 ^ c c (0 n) (Q 

5 •_ y £ £ 

E>.ff EEE 
CD c wSmmm 



£< 
• I 

ECQ 



. £ 



- I ^ § 

^ -c <B 2 « -y 'o £ « 
2 5a)«f.t.S:2SB.£ 

SqSSIIP-S^I : : : :§ •? 

J5«S-§«'-o.i2.2Ecccs.ooOoos« 

^52 2-s >.>.>.>.>.>,>»>.>>c c c c c 

^^^ - ^xxxxx^xxxam;a};:a 



e2 



-^5 



fl 

g o 




o»-0)pooo o •* o pp in o ocM lo p o p p r- r^ 00 oior^ 
cdr~»c6c)»-^ouir>^^'N^flbcdr>^<dcoco"co^>>-'o6 

T-CM<OKr<. CM •- CO CM O) »- r* t^ 0> 0> O) 0> CM IT) 
'"COCOOCO CM»— 00'~COCO CO 



t^ «0^ '- ^ Ift oo 

Sr^ CO (o (o <o 'T- 
ts. CMCMCM'- 



IZ) O O O O O O 

m o "It o o o o 

■.- CVj <J> O O ^ 00 

d d CO CO r^ •v' ■^ 



OOOOOOOOOO 

oooh>-omoooo 

OOO^pOOCMppp 

cooidr^iri'^oddcMC) 



lA CM CM lA lA in CO CO lA CO CO CO «- 0> ^ lA h^ lA CO CO CO (^ f^ f^ t^ lA ^ lA lA CM lA lA lA lA CO lA lA lA lA lA 0> lA lA M 
»- ^ 1- .r- »- .^ I- .^^ 000'-0'-»- O-- --OOO OOO'- •>- •.-'-•.-•.- I- •.- ,- ,- f- ••-•.-,-•.- O •--»- »- 



n 

O <A 
C O 



5 



« S 'a 

— JS >« 



M.S 



JO (0 



.^ _ . o o ? ? 
P_-_-m i.E n ^ 






O 3 

3 O ■^ 

<2 N 



E 
f5«o 



-s^« i eogS g gg»:g-5 









E:g 



>-^ 



I 



?E 



<B X O 

o>ro « E € g* 



Smm c <n BcMCM 



« m -S^t: -5 -9 H -^5 ■i'? ccccyccm -^m -§ 
£ c m 5 m <= V =1? BgSSSSSSSr: f" co « 

£ Q.a.cZZCD CCD (OCOCMcbcMCM 6 Q.2 CD •-' 



mm;?. = t>., 

CO CO. 3 op jD 3 ' 
«-"»-" CD c ^ CD 



£ S go 

5 9 O • . 3 
s*r *f -p* ra o PT|^ ^^ IS •— .*2 

££333 3j5-5:,3 
— — eOOQCDOQ— ^—CD 






.^■§cccV§opo 

CD CD 2 2 2 TtCD c <n 



D-12 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



k 



0)2 



ooooooooo 

(OOIAOOOOO 

q p p <£> p '-••-; in 
CO (b (b <b h- o CO T-^ 



o o o o 
o o »- o 
m o<o o 
CO c\i (d ob 

CO CO C> 00 
U) CM U) 



o o o o o o 

o o o o o o 

O O O O O Tf 

n ■■-■ in •^ CO ■^ 



CM CM CM CM 10 CM CM CM CM CM <NJ CM CJ CO CM CM 



*:2 

id 



^ a^y 
CM o $ 

u) c 2 U 

• -•= >. 4 ai O 

£ >.£ ra V) ^ 
^ c^ c c c 

S I. (5 ■? ■§ -§ 

^ cmOOO 



15 



E 

3 
t 

(A 

CM « 

l| 
• ■£ 
■c « 

CM-O 

=-E 
>>.3 

« 5 

o a 
■5S 
>'S 



^■1 :5 

>»(0 . O 





E 




3 




^ 






CM 


> 


>< 




b 






a 


(\J 


•o 


J^ 


e 


>> 3 


£ 


■o 


5? 


bi 


o 


e 


•o 


S 


>.x 


f 


o 






CM"0 




>. 


^. 






E 

3 


«i 


C 




o 


^ 



8 



E 
18. 



Otj 



<3§-s-el 

^||o.iS<3.iS 



|°8 

o o • 

o ?"|3e<»=w 

T<OCMO(D««I8 

5< c • *5 S"? P 
^ -B t 5^ . fo « "9 
5-1 1111'^ 



■S.2 (5 c.U.U.w.U . 

g <g o .2 >.■>.>.■>. ^ 

fttlllll|i|i|iii|gi 

« uT OOOO ~ 



w «5 E 
.£ % 2 ^ « 
E£ 5 = ;i 
.2 o ^ « J 

■? ^ • » «n 
S .3. "2 3 

(0 W A w ra 

S 5 5 5 



^E 
E? 

I"! 
eE 

X := 

P 



u o ooo 






1« 

« 8 « 
>.p « 

£9e 

fl> CO 3 

E-i^ 



+5 X k 

9 « « 
zo 



?E 

C 3 

. c 
-^ • o 
OS E 
•"2 S E 
E2| 
w^ >. 

— ^s 

° c ® 
t; E c 



8 


•r2 


86- 


H 




« 6 




•>.ii 


>. 


•=>, 


.c 


(B-C 


o 


F • 


fc 


■n b 


>. 




X 


>. X 


8 


0.0 
O -O 


« 


hi3 


o 


O 





F 


. CM 


3 


• --^ 


■o 


• >.o 


• £ 


Ut 






>. 


? 






. p 


« . 


• V 


> • 




















t- 


V- 


3 


^ 




^ 


8 : 


T> 






T3 • 


a 




o 


o ■ 












>. • 




SI . 


^ 


F • 


a 


3 . 


F 


c • 




o • 

^ : 



CM in 



^ -e ^ 
<oO - 



^ -5 

« .2 
E.9 
X O 

Jl 



OQ O OQ o o < 

o o o o o o o < 

O O O t^ O O lO < 



ior5000i/)iooooooooooovnu30ooooo — r-~ir)— ooLOi/ioo^ooom 



•^ift'*»-o>0'^»-»-r>'-t^coo»-»-oooocMCMooo)ococooo»-r^ocM'-mo>0)<D'-oioiDO)CT>o)ir>ui<oo 

o>t^ CO loO) o o o to 1^ ID (oto •- o> o> «o o ojco ^ u) t^ o> o •- o>co ^ vor^ CO r- -• — .-.-. 

coot^»-^in»-u>«o<or»iftifloo<oirtcoco<o<o«Dr«.»-cMr^i^ir>r^h<-t^»-'- 



iCMCMCO'-COCOtCMCM 



comu)tf)intnminmmiA(0(0(0(oiAir)(OiAiAi/)(Oir)^min<oi/)mu)m(ominu>r->(ocMCMinu)CM(0(o<o<o 

0»-»-'-»-'-»-»-»-»-»-0000»-«-0»-»-»-0«-'-»-«-0»-»-»-»-0»-'-000'-»-'-«-'-0000 



CM ^ ■© >. 



_ • ■ .y ~ 

>.£ n -= a E 
£ <5 J5 5-2 « 



(orgmljrmoQODCOOOUOOOUO 



• E E 




a • 
■>.2 
£ E 

« o 

1-^ 

>< 2 2 

a .2 O o) a 

<o re eg 2 2 

: — — c e o 

5.:a:s « m o. - 

g <J <JBTj £ = ■§. 
: 2 2 S---2 Q-l" 

' CL a. Q. Q. C^ CLQ. !2 

)00000000 



u 

n ^ 
OO 



D-13 



Appendix D 



^§ 



co^ 






ooooooooo 
ooooooooo 
pcotocvir-oooo 

«) 0> OICM 



o o o 
o o o 
o o r-- 



OOOOOOOOOtVJ 
OOOOOIOOOOO 

ooooooO'-rv.N. 



oooooooo 

OOOOOOOiO ^j ^^ %^ 
CO IT) O O O O O O »- O »- 

picvJTrinr^oo)' 

T- 1- •.- ^ CM CO CM ■ 



»- O O O CM O CM 



CMt-CMCMCM IT) t O O Tf ^ >* "» 'I- •^ CO 



't in «o 00 ^ CO 
Tt in m ■«}■ lo ift 

CM CM •^ ■^ ^ 



CMM-m in CO in ir> in o ir> CO in m 



0=5 



•s « 



■See- 

.r O 



Q) O O O 
0000 



u <0^ 

^ ^"9. o)-= 



>-6 -lo^SS 



Is 



"8 



cr w ® 
■= •= 10 

£ e o 

C i,„ 

R To To 
.si c _c 

• 00 



000660 000 000000 



c a 

c c 

o"S o 

(s _j:5s 
*- Q f\ f- q> 

™ JC CO O </) 

o$£ o « 
• . . .« S 

!S in (A 10 c S 
U c c c ^. E 

^ w w O w O O 

£ 73 <o To fl5 ffS (ij 
B .§ .£ % .£ .£ 



9 ^_^ 



a-£ o >» 



18 



2 5"^ 5 
e « "s 2 c 

O O O Q o 

6||d-5 

cmOO-- 



E c 
«)■= 

is 

ee 

2.2. 

.C JC 

00 

CM 6 



« (B 

C C 
:= a 



E .£ £ N N 



2S, 
2 o 

^ o 

Q.O 



.io. 

OT.E 

~^ N 

a m 

II 
■v o 

O .OS 

E 9- 
>^ », ™ o 
— ">. a 

c i: 2 <2 
® o ;o '.O 

rsi N i i 
c c (O (O 

o g 2 2 
0000 

.CCJZ.C 

0000 

CLinCMCM 



IS 

O 3 



<D (0 ID "C 
C ~ . ■ O 

S 9 9 a 
%22% 

t6o£ 



ffi I/) 
5 8. 



8y 

11. ^o go D 

"-"CM « S "^ 2 

• CM 8 g * • 

c . ; ni <D s: ^ 

£ « o 5"= <= 
§££S 



^.2 



^* (B O r — — 
• c .C n * • 

•e c-D.i c.c 
■9 O -J, ? ■? ? 
.'- o- ■* ■*"' 
T — *^T*y*?" 
9=5 2 2 9 9 
o 0.2.0 00 J 

O 2 9 O O O « 
•Ao Vcvi'A •* 



o 0000 0000000000 00000000000000000000000 

o 0000 ooooQo^cMoo coooo>ooooooooinooo>ooo<-ooino 

CO ooinro iaooooo<o<ooo i^i>»r^a)«oioO'»-CMm<otot^oo>oo>oooocMO 

■r^ ooeoco^ ^>-^eMcoo>c\ih^i>^ioo> ^'^WoioiodododdVO'-'oio^eouio^ 

CM eOCMO) 0>C01AIA<OOCMCMOCM 0>0>0>0>C0t0^'«-'»*'»^'*^00CM<MCUC0CMT-OC0'« 

CO m «oiocococom co ^O'^ 

(M CM<or>-r>> r^cMCMCMCMinmincMcsi r^(^t^t>>(0(o<o<o<o(0(0(o<o^oosominao^(Dm(D 

^ <-SoO 0»-i-^»-^--i-'t-'.- OOOOOOOOOOOOO'.-OO'-'-O'-O'-O 



CM . 
-L • 



w g 



^E 
• .2 
E.E 



CM O 
-L <n 

fl 

CM O 

^E 



£t9 



E.e 



(3 .i 59.1 



«v1 



•S.2 

.S-E 

•.= 

2 in 



Wo 

T >• 

•.= 

E:i 

9.i 



^ 



Si' 

•35 E 



II 



E • 



111151131 

>.'o 



^■5 « 

5 9c 

*^ S a s 

■ "• « wo 

c ooi. 



I) 10 « 3 ™ t: in g 



•&s| 



o o o "5 "o 'o 'o o 
iooooooo § 



g-o 

eQ.O( 



VI Wl VI VI VI VI VI ^^ 

,fCO(Ofon3(0(0(0(o 

>oooooooo 



9 _ c u ,. ^ 

J?iJgo.9:i^^ 

>.uEMCxa!9 



I'O.^U^:.!^:.^.^^^ 



>66(S66ooo 



.0 9> • 

2 -£ n .2 15 

3 ai£ 9*0 
.O.C a.ac.Q 

OOOOOOw 

'S'S'S'a'S'SS-s 
a, u o o u o 0'= S 
_~(0(0(0(un)n3iD 

3'x<o«o<o<o<o«n«o«n<nJ» 
•R 000000.0.00 c « 

.2^33:}333330.C 

«:.^ = = = = = = = = f: O. 

006666660660 



D-14 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



u 



0)2 






oooooooooo ooooo 

oor--ooooooo ooooo 

opoO'>-c\jio<Doo oqocvjo 

oiodcvJoioii^-^oicj irjt^oooioi 

r-»ooww CO m CO »- ^ 't •^ irt IT) IT) 



••-ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 

1/100000000000000000000000000000 

ooomooooooooooooooooooococomo'*«ot^o 



1^ lA lA in cvj CNi cvj '-cow 



OOtO*— »-C0tD<D<DCD<0<0C5O<OCSJ(0«D 



fit 

(/) u « 
o| c 






to 



■») <0 — 
O >»i< 

■gf w 



S- O Q. Q.^ 5 V .2 
•SO^OOyjOO 

do (OCNiOrg (mO 



5 ? !§ 



ao 

£9 
o o 

I9 

o 6 



o * 

c * 

> i> 

O <B 



2 'r-tSU. • 
Ny « O • 

Seles 

£0000 

^■c o-c o 
oosof 

OnOcyO 



E 

e 

o 

3f 



« — 



I 



-0 2 
n o> 

c = i 

E « « 



8 
■5 * • 



• — c 
E*? 
.£ 2 
00 

:£9 
o4 



^1 

2L« 



^ « o 
2:5:5 o 



E 

99 . .*. ' a a > ^ 

EE.£.£Sc = =o 
S S E E CL-B CO « ij 

■Q.Q. 0.0.0.0.*^ ^ 

666666666000000000 



»- (0 
) C M X 

(0 a o 
.1222 

!Z. U) </> 



on 
"2 5) 



^E 



P 



s. 

2: 

« « 



00 



c c c c 
o ooo 



2S«|1 

T3 E M t g C 
^ ^ ^ ^ ^ .E 

000000 



2 Q-l 
« 2 * 
I 82 

E c c 



0000000 
o o ir> o o o o 
»- o c\j o OCVJ o 



qo 

00 ^ r^ O^ O) «U U/ ^JW V*/ k^ *— V>l W 

»-eoo 00 »- o) o) o »- ^ »- »- 

»-cgco ■»-■•- •- ^ ^ u) irt CO eo 10 



n o o »- o 
lA o o ^ 1- 
ON. o 



odiAododcvji-^ CNJoi 



0000 
<\j o o o 
o»-«>o 
dcocjco 
■^ cvjcgcvj 

lA U) lA 



^ r^ o 000 

<n 10 o 000 

a> o o o o q 

00 CO 06 <6aid 




D-15 



Appendix D 



^S 



«S 



ll 



co« 



o o o 

OOCM 

dcboi 



ooooooooo 
ooooooooo 
or-^opopppq 
obiri^'i/iadoirJouS 
<M ^ .,- r^ 



OOOOOOOOOOOO OOOOOOO' 



omooooooioooo 
poippcNipppcvjpinp 



oo inoooooo 
oo oooocoo 

■^ lo CO JO t-^ r^ '- 



<M CM CMCMCM CMfMCMCJCVJCJCMCNJCM OJCNiCMCMCMCMCM CMCNJCVJlOCMCMOJtOCMCNKOCvJ •.-lOlOincDlDlfiOJCXJ 




3 ni 



:2 e 
u . 



« s2 - 



"e 



n 



6=6 

(0 « 
c c 

OmS 2 OT52 =-c: 




— — j:.£^— O P 



S£ 
E«, 

.2'o 

T3 O (0 

2 *' » 

5 -DO 

• «o§ 
o o o 



II 



E E a (o o 
.3.3:5 a M 

■§■§081 

«» fn r" "''•5c 



■DT3 
22-D 



82^ 




^ =^ -C -sic CD 

, 3 3 01c= >. O 

« « Q X X ® « 

2_-_-.9-« jdS «- 

SOO w Q-Q-O g. 

-? 6 E^ Q. 



(0 

^«) : : : = « 
x5 : : :i:2 

O 2 . . .wE 

■P £ . . . « 3 

«S„ ■ -2=5 
i 32 • so 
>._r n ' - Q.<a 

«^o22 «»" « 
7£ 8 « «.-ss 
a ? = *= o u 

^CM c3>o iS_J5 ™ 

0) (D ® 01 0) o o 



lAOcvit-^oooooroinoooo oroooooooo oinpcvjcvicocMmcNjtA 
iv:o6o6r>-'i-^iAa>d^°T^^i-'u>adnco 0)C>eoeoc\i»-"ioco«Ni oiT-^uSoiinoioiedino) 
CM e\j t<» CM r>. o cj CO CO n CO Tf O) »- o> to 00 CO oi !>>■ o o lo r^ «o o ^ coco cgoo 
CNj'.- «»'-»-»-■•-■•- ^ in «o »- CO in »- CO t>» rs. »- «o r^ CM co^ coco 



<S<S(S 5<Sa<S<35<S<S 



OOIAOOOOOOOO 

o<o<oaomoooooo 
r«.cMCMCMr«-.oooooo 
o>o>o>o>CMO>^c\j<dcb^ 



CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM 



9. -a 

1 9 ■ ^» 

C CJ. ^ 

C C Q.«-^ y 

.£ .£ .<2 .e .c .c 

OOOOOOOOOOOOOOt 




2 fS '2 

^?||j : : 

§g«2 ^^ 

so 2 * ? « g 



•i-S^ o -DOS: 
«o.?cQ,C2'"i5 

ieliillll 

-?-?3 55(3(3 <S<S<S55 



■icx: c c « J? « 3 
n5.c5'g>£-5?2 S 



as?««8-82=s 

.J.i5cMEEccM2 




.^ p.-T o o o o • — a. a-^ m n S ^ g 

•^s E ls.-i:2 I 8 >• ££■§.■§.-§.« o 

»2Eg8EEEg,QogOEEE.i5 
»9Po<'SrPo5 'T^ o E R P o P o 

59 8<S^8 8 8s>£?^o » 8 8 ^ § J^ 

JzocozocjCjzco CO O00(3(3 



CO Crt CA CA CO 

"9 .'5 "5 ."S S 
'o'o'o'oo 
n) (0 n] n) (0 

o'o'ooo 



D-16 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



^■Z. 



<o^ 



oooooooooooooooo 
loooooooooinoocoooo 
irtoqopoqpqc^jinqcNjqojq 

oococM»-^«-tDmiocor^oop5oocooo 
If) c\4'-'-io ■"tirtin 



o o oo oo 
o o o o o o 
o 00 oo o o 



oo o o ID o o o o> o o o o o o o o o oo 

oo oooooo f-ot^ooiooinoo ■^ a 

oo lOT-CMoqq oq^c\i'^fooc\joqq "-r-. 

oin oi'^'^uSi/ico o6'-in'-uStv;ob'>*r^T-' 

«0> CO o> O) to o> c\j »- ■v oi ^ o> o> U) c\j o> »- 



in tn 



lO 



lO ■•- ui 



00 1- 

o o 

--US 



2 5 e «5 o^ 

g-m g-S o>^ * « S N N (0 

O*"<0 uuuuuuuuuu 
. >>>.>. >N >s >. >^ >.>.>> > 



coOOOOOOOOOOO 



* c E E 
■? « p « 

lllll 

5 £ 5 = = 

w <0 CO (o c/) 
9 X X o O 
c * * c c 

(0-g.C (0 (0 
X 55 X X 
® o o ® ® 

50U55 
■ 00 



^ 



■D • 

>>■£ _ V 

o • >.^ 
■o *c>j 9 • 



,>,CNJ'*_ >»>. 
0-r--r-00 



-^ooooas-OaaXV 
ren]nR)R)»«v>S£,Ca> 

eXXXXXXT3^^^X 

000000 -«rc\j O 



CO 

"2 >• 

Ie 



o P 



«?5 
■Si 



N ® -. 

- S^"5 



"Oocvf 
OZcS 



« «2 

a c >> 

™ « c 

— r= O ffl 

^ I Sal 
■5 2 2 -5 £ ^ « 

^ c5 t-o .i ® -§. 
g TO re <5 - 9. 2 
® >»£ ■£ ^ z -t^ 
« E E E >.x o c 

— >,>,>,>,(l»^-D^ 
^XXXXJI-XBJC 

>.-c j:: £ j: 73 " X O. 
05 o o o S.^o o 
•000 ooiiTj o 
--000022 0^0 



^ • 2 
o 



oi-o E 
Ee^ 

?< I 

>> ■>. 

o o ir 

>'2 >% 
O Eo 
a rg 



in 10 •- •- 




0000 oooooooooooooooo CO O) 



^-^-- — — t^ m ao at ai CO ■v 

f^ T^ m t-» r- m CO 



in -r- ■^ 



o ■•- •- 






?|:? 



•t: ■= O t 



eg.U*5™^nie2o': E 



8" §> S..U .y • 
Q.2 255™ 

■ '- -'^ Irt *0 TO 

c c c c c >• 
E E E E E E 

3 3 3 3 3 3 
000000 



• * — „ c TO » 3h— >. O 

5"5rTOOf:E E^^of g€ 

2 2oSf toJ >.|e8|^ 

E E-5,OTOOO™OTO^OT 

3 3 ?^ C ,>• C C >,V >s « C CM 

O O I TOO TO TOO cjo E TO rg 

6 aoo-^ooi-^i o 



giS 



9-2 
CO a 

is 

o 



D-17 



Appendix D 



O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O ••- O O O O O O O O O O O O CO o o o m 

o o o o ■«*■ o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o n o o o o o o o o o o o o ■^ o o o o 

pcop'-oqp'«i;c\jc>oqo«)pc>inpoo'*popin ppcoop»-i/)ppp»-;pc\jp r-cjcoooom 

cooitviodiri^t^tbr^ooi'^sdi^tduSooJooiioodoicNi r^'oo>oocooc\i»-^{\jrii/>o>o>'<» to to to ei to d o 

w<; ■•- T ••- »- ^ CO «Nj •»)■ ift t m to ^ ^ CO m ^ ^■wt^mu)'- »- <o m ■•- >- <o w co o o us m m c\j to (o u> <o m i/> u) 

*:< 0)C5^u5 cD«o '-co m coco ^coiocij cm cm «o »- cm «> to cm r^ c^ co to co <o cm »- co co 

(5:5 ift IT) CM CO in CO m m •<»■ CO cj) «D in m ■<*■ to o> en o) m •* CO CO in co lo co co m co co m to to co t- ^ »- co co co m tt m m 

"J* »--.-i- Ot- Ot- T- 1- OO O ^ --•.- OOO 0»- i-O Oi- .-■.- O ••-••- O O T- O OO '-'- ■•- o o O T- •r- •r- ^r^ 



ll 

<0^ 









oo 



> °- ^ 9- S.'S 

111 II 

to •= 'E 'E c 
• E t i o 
c 2 .5 .2 E 
EQQQ E 
.2 CO ^ to ,2 
©•-"■^"cm'Q 



e n 

n a. 
X lo-n 

0.(0-0 

■■c:o:yS 
'|S|e 

X >>■£ to" E 
O c Q.« 3 
5* 2.£=6 

E S^-E'B •' 

9 • 9 £>•£ 
^'o cM'i5 i5 



PCM E 

-^cvi >• 
Sftcsi o 

o 0.2 

5 S •«- 

to OCM ® 

asp 

99.2 2 

ob'^O (0 



^.g 



"9'S 
o o 

(0 (0 

E E 

n !o--° * 



c c 



™ ™ o 5.N S S 

s:s:ss>a e c g 

>. >K >. >, j5 o E £ 
c c c cO^O^Q 

|5||z9q5 
bobbz E (i^' 



CM 

6 
E^: 

jQ .2 

i5« 



o 

E 

£| 

e E 
•= o 

■lis 

o e 

« c g 
c g • « 

C N-S£ = 

« £ X to c 
£ 5 o^ (0 

E >. >< o .t: 

o « ■<«• <5 1 



._ E 
■o o 



* CD •« 



® O 
to O 



E^E 



?|S§9 

o9q go 
■Ja^.in^to 
bCco'bcM' 



sic 

E:^ <0 

29 " 

:Q CM:€ 



b Q.b b b cm' 



?9- 
a o 
N c 

S 10 

2 >< 

•«:£ 

£■«» 



._8 8 

E 10 to 



^•(0 .5££ 
f ^.£ S g E 

S-iE-o-ig 

•>fi tD.5 irbfi 
cm'ojQ VcmQ 



000000)OOOVOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 
Oti-OCMOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

oqpppppcoioot^opifiiooomocMoinO'-oocoooooooooooo 
»-^tbn'cMtD'-"(»CMcooicMr^'tbc)r-''-^CMr^tbtocMtbtdcMN!c>t»ir)t»cj^'ir)iTit>^ 
oio otoo>r^o)^ CMcocoomoo)coc\ji^oo>cocoo>i-<j)CMO>'f-coir)ir)ooco»-'-co 
tO'- to »- CMto •- CO ift eo m CM •- r^ to r^ r^ cm r* cm to to r^ to lo lo ^ 



ooooocooo 
oomoO'-oeo 

OCMO)in»-OCMC5 

CMo6r^c\iodu50)^' 
ooocM to inr^ ^ 
m to T- »- cy •- CO 



CJ 



2 .._ 
^ c-c 

-l^co 

B N >, 

ac Q. 
^22 



CM 2 O aO O O Q 



O 
m 



£ Q.« 



C CQ.O 

2 6S 
1 SO. 

o »-= c 

592s 

(Q M (0 S 

^ g^9 

O :=0 c 



X X o 

six 
SCO 



T3T> 
X X 

II 

tn to" ™ 



D 
<o_ 

og 

ig 

i^9 



5 2 9-zi-^->. 
g g (IS (0 (0 ^ 
000000( 



9 9Q.2 

C to (0 Q.fO 

Iff* 



J5 



ti 



g to to 
£ « E 
-2 15 = 



^ to to 2 c 

" O Q-ts >,(0 

a Tj ^ Tj T3 g 2:-^= y £ 

.2cCCC®?J-Q3.e<D 

c(0(a(0(0OQa.v)op 
OOOOQQOOOO 



82 



c c £ 
E (0 (0 
(0 a.i: 

XXX 

QQO 



E c 

o 2 « 

^2i 
00^0 

C C c - 

EE^I* 
iS i2p.o-£ 

<» 0) o CJ)0 

Jzx; 2 (0 = 

CJ.Ci.-§ o (8 

F g m ~ . 
« « E jq .5 

O O O °T3 

i: i: i: £,<!> 

X X X S'c 

® © ® (w ^ 

QQQQ 



« O 

1 = 
O (0 

•o a 

:5i 
S« 

E a. 

(0 (0 



«'0 

(0-5 

o c 
« 1 

2 c 

-21 



S £ <o c -1 a> q1 
S .= to E >• E O 

b o b b 2'b b 



D-18 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



id 



to* 



oooooooooooooo 

00000000U100000 

oooooooooooooo 
oooc\i'^'^c\iocr)Tr<bco'^r^od 

OCD l/)00O>C0O)O>G0G0O)O> 
COCM CO <0 CM (O <D O CO «D to 



O O O O o 
O O O O o 

o o o o o 
^' to r^ o ^ 

O GO GO O) O) 



O O O O 
O O o o 
q q q q 
cvi uS <b t--^ 
O) o> o> O) 



c\j o o o 
in «3 o o 
q q in q 

GO GO O CO 
»- ■•- O Ift 



(O moooooooooo 

CO CD o o o or^ o o o o o 

q q q q q irt q q CO q q q 

GO GO GO <D CD CO 00 CO CO 00 tT C3 

r- <- CO CO in O >- to CO CO •r- CO 

•- '-CMCM r^'-cMcjr^ »- 



CO m in CO lo m CO m CO CO m lo CO CO cococococo co cococoeo cocoeoco co co 

••-•.- T-'T-,- ^ 0»- OO »- •r- O O O'-'-'-'- »- y-y-'^-^ y- ■.- O y- t- y- 



« o 



; CD^X — 
> o a a « 

r'". o ""^ 

5 T^" Q CVj" up 

5 6^ 9 6 
r fvj .U 4 CO 



9 O m 
c c^ 
J5J5 



c5 » * 
E Q.2 

22-5 

.y.UCVi 



* *1 gi 
E a^ut '> c 

2 CD « » 9 
5 E E E^ 
■5222-5 
9li^9 

<o U .i> .U CD 

cm'O O O c\i' 



i=2? 



iipj en T3 O) 
■S-DTJT3T3 

00 00 O 
CO n} n) fo CO 
o ,0 .0 .0 .0 



6 6 
99 

•-"cm 



00000 

c c c c c 

m cic^aa.a 
y e 9 2 2 2 

™ o o y o y 
c 9 O b b b 
u •«»■ Tj- 4 'i- •^ 

CMCMCvfcvfci 



re 



o.y 



SV, <» 

^>>coT 
o o £"0 

*? Q--'a 

O OjC ™ 
<2 (0£ o 

:5 :5:5 § 

re (5 re Q- 
o u u " 

: (/)'»« v- '^ Q. 
9 2r ® O ® "C 
) re o o o >> 
3 (A re re re s 
c * X X X £ 
>.S O O O • 

B E a a « 9- 

3.0 aQ.Q.o 
) c o o o-= 

O Q Q Q ■* 
cm" CM CM CM 




i-creogoo^ 
-ccM £ £-2 c.£ o 

oi2 2 5.>.^^ 
^S.22i29l 

Q ><5 ^ 2 — — 2 



5 :e« 

c5 <».2 2 
o!Pt3 o 

oES-i. 



CM cm" CO CO 



CM Ebb"bb J 

^ >'C0 CO '^.co r^ .y 
•^ ^"cm"cocm"co"Q 



°^^%. 
fc- h- re >* 

O O X « 

y .y y y 
oooo 



0(010 o '^ CMOi- 0000 ocMO oco mm m ocMcnooiAO cMtno o 



CM CO in 

CM CO CO 
OCOGD 



•-OOCOCMOOOOOt^COCO'VCOCOCOO»-ON.r<.CDOmCOCM»-CUr^CM 

mG0l/)a>CMCMC0C0CMir>hx-C0IAIA0)tf)C0CD9 00CMCM<-OO00lA 

y-y-y-OiO C0O)»- CM COCOOO*- O'-^^CD'- 



000000000000000 
oomoooooooooomo 
ooc\iiooo»-ooooo--'-in 
f«^f^i^t^oc3inGOh^cb<j>cM^co^' 



T-OO'-O'-OOOOOO' 



CO 



u 



re "> ^ 
" E « 

-5 3 CO 

y^.g 

c en iM 

U O U 9-7;; 

re re re c g- 



5Q.-g E E E re-c-o.3 
~rerere— "■■»"- 



re 9 c 
X •S.E 
o re k- 



^■| 
re^ 

IS 



• 1 



cg-S-eco" : :» 



:2i 



^ 

re 9 IS4 
y c ? 



I « O g 




I>-19 



Appendix D 



^5 



WS 









o o o o o o 
o o o o o o 
p q o p q q 
t^ o> 00 oi c\i o 
CM c\j T- ir> c\j o 
t^ r- »- « o) t^ 



oooooooooooooooooooooo 

OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCOO 
a a a d c^ m a p^ tn Ci m c^ t~\ r^ f\ t~\ r^ tr\ ^vi rr\ m r^ 



•>* O O 

n o o 
q tp ■^ 

CO O N- CM CD h* in CO O ■'^ ■»— \-^ 1*/ My %w i-» WW -N ^_/ T— uj -w^ u* 1^ ^— 
CDCOIO COCOCOCOIOOO O'^OOOOiO'-'^CM^— CDCVICO 



iqqqqcoqcoqqoqqqqqqoincMoocoo 
icor-^inrooi-T-^nuSiricbr^-^oci^cai-'uS'^oir-^-^' 

PJCOCOCOIOOO 0-^OOOOlOT-»-C\l'-CDC\ir- 
i-»-»-CMt-'-»- T-CO«DtD<D(O»-(O'D»-CDCMC0 



o o o 

C\i CO to 
CO CO CO 



ooooooooo 
ooooooooo 
qqqioqqcNjqq 

■^ d r^ r-' 00 CM ri-' ro' ■*" 

CMCOCDirjCMOlCMCOCO 



55 2> o> lo in irt lo »- If) CM CM CM CM CM in CM CM »- CM in CM •* Tt rt Tt CO ■■- ■•- in in m in •>»• T- 






§ « E 

^•W-D = = O 

« « CO .2 "5 .£ 

»- Co O'o O^ 

6 • (0 E « w E 

■5Q.y 5 y y « 



CO CO 
•D"0 

u u 

CO CO 



CJ.£(»®«CCCCCcg^Wg- 

Tj-o o E E E E E E 



CO CO 

u o 
'c'c 
o o 

^ SI 

a.Q. 
in CO 
O O 

a.c3. 

O (D 

c c 
_2^ 




co;: 
c "> 



CO o 

2 o 



11 



2 Q. 

a. CO 

u o Q- 
CO co=> 
,o o >■ 

881 



zbbbbzd n'zb bbz'bbboobbabbbbbbbbb&S- 



c c^ i: 

— — "CD t^ 

9.9.0 



xxx-CS"-xx 
£ £ £ H ^ X £ £ 

>. >^ >> >» ?■ 2 >s >. 



a> ® 0) CD 



CM CM^CM CM Ct-JI CM CM^ 

aaoaaaaa 



o o o o 
o o o m 
o o m o 



o o o o o o oo o o oo o o o o o oooooooooo 

o o o o o> o CO o o m o o o o o o o oooooooooo 

p pp pr>> oc>a> q ino> op p p p p p o CMin o ocm oo o m 

t^CMfNi^r^rsIr^t^tocMoiNi^-^CMdin in cocoociodcbcor^Ni'-'- 

r~» »- CM »- m m m ••- CO CO 00 CO m m 00 m Tt m «- o co m m in (^ cm cm 

Trr>» r>«. a*-^'^ ^-♦-■.-eoin m in t^ co co co co co cm t^ t^ 



o o o 
o o o 
o o o 
d inco 



»- O CO CM 

i<odcM n: 

mmcM m 
cocoi^ 



o o 
o o 

(OO 



CM CO m ^ m m in in CO CO Tt-mm ininco 



11 
11 

CO (0 

u u 

CO CO 

.u.y 

Q.S 

JC ^ 

11 



8 

E 
o 

ii 

-■ m E ^^ 

CD • 3 O 
."SfE^ 

« o S*2 « 
:S £ n ;5 E 

• «»>.>.>. 
c^ c c c c 

e£.?.5.?.2 • ><» S 

m Q.T) T3 -D T3 IS -C <- t 



.i|5 

?co o£ 
9 ._ o 
tjS co = 

EC Q. 3 . . 
CO -^ in CO CO 

<o -c -s c .> .> 

CO CO E 



® C 

II 

CO 
. CO 

S £ 



88 



in oS E 

^95EcO^XXCCCC:=P »7 ■ XI m 

Q Q C. (0 CO 

y .«.«.£■.$■ 

OOOOQ 



• -^-^5 SSZa-o -^^-o « ™ CO E 

-^■p o o o o "o ^ ^b Q "g » "S ^ 



"- y 5^ S^ 5^ £" ^'S "5 ^ in :2 2 2 2 



E E 

JO_CO 

o o 

c c _ 
(0 CO (D CO ® 

■££"^ ££ 

aa a 



u « 
CO c 



tfb 



£ O"© 
o2 X o 

o-g •.2 

EeIe 

i,£ ■?£(»£=- 

E E E t: m m E 

E 3 S = <o 10 b 



C^ 

2 CO 
■5Q 



Q-5 
7-5 



11- E 

O O 'c 



O O 0) 

>>>«N «^£-o 

C C N O £ £ O 

® • c c 2 * « 

y y o ® o c « 
- - c c c ^ 2 
p c -^ — •= <o o 

3 .2 3 E "S.'i.-i5 J5 i5 ■= E 
■£ jO J^ JO TO ^£ ^ S-^.* JS 

Q.c.c^^-=-=« 2 2'-<=TO 
in .2 .2 .2 .2 S-S-b "o Q Ci.'S cO 

cM'bbbbcL^Q. cvicMb 



<o-= 



= 1 

•.i 
So.-? 
JO >.^ 

&«ocm" 

? •'> 

E^.f 
>.T E 

Li* 

o E o 

£ n£ 
E >-E 
JS£ J2 
>-.2 >-S 

^ o ■= *- 

•S » § 

cmZco 



E|i 

to r» V 



0. Q. 



~r E.C 

Si's « 
6 b 



D-20 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



^S 



<oS 



8 d 



ooo OOON.OOOOOOOCVJ oomooooooooooooooooooooooooo 

h«.oco ooaxoooooooou) CNiOcvimooooooooooooooor^oooooooo 

■"tcvjirt coO'<a;cnpooc\jmirtpo copcoooppqinpooocvjocjoootoiOf-ooovncMO 

lo'Vco adcdin(dodo>oado6a>o><d oaiiof^'^<6t'^t~^e^-r^(Daiic6\r>'^t^t~^eicimciominait^&>i6 

atmo) (O o) (o m (o c\j u3 in lA lA <o ••- co »- «o t^ r^ t^ r^ i^ «o m m to oo r^ co o <o ct oi <d co to C5 o r-- to oo 

»- c\j -- -- to 1^ o y- r^ t^ t^ CM to CO CM CO cor-- cm tt h- cm 



CM'^cMiocococoiniO'-ininioiocMincM^'-in'.-'^'t-T-mcoT-i/) 



ۥ 

c£.2 

c o « -o 

.2 «■ c E • 

"O i: TO = C 
« K -O ? N 

•£ o .^ u) ni 
® «'>,cm"S 

S c a X Q. 
e.2 E 2 to 

|iie9 
■2.:? "2.992 

r£ '—r^ in CM ~- 

O Q cm" ^' 



CO o 
-g o (0 

X -s 



•= c — 



_ * 
3 « iiS 






o = o _ • u 5"!^ 5 



3 « -^ 

c E « c 



>•— y-S'i-HccE^.cMf 
E 9 " '^«rE « • « •^ -r » 

2§-e-ee-se2>;|o^ 

9e8-c^e££^£ £■— 
>. >. >s9 9 >.9 9 *-9 ^ ■? 

:Gr£:^inCM£'^^ ;=-CM CO ^. 

O Q O cm'^'O cm'cm'O cm'cm'Z 



"1 

e2 " 
5 I « ^ :g 

>> >sf to .S 

££ S "r > ® 
« ••E'^xS 
n J^ X >• >- ® '>' 



•o 

JZ 3 



« Q. 



^■2 
JZ >. 

u ^ 

E E 

(S 3 3 

5.S - 



^5 



" o 2 s ■ ^2 : 

J-B o £ . « X . « 
9-E E.S ? 2« 2:S-i >,:g-^:g-^-S £^ E 



■D -D ^ 



(oOO 

i-zz 

ZZ-<iv>^ E 




.2 .2 .52 .i2 .i2 .i2 .i2 i .52 t .!2 .i2 .i2 .2 .2 .2 .!2 .i2 '^ .12 .2 

ooooooooooi5i5oooooo Eoo 



o o o o 

OOOO) 

CO to cit^ 



o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o in o o o o o o o o to 

O O O O O O O O O •- O O O O O O O O O O OCM O O lO 00 o o o oo> 

o o o<o o o o o o oo o o o in »- o o^ inoootomot^m »- co ■* en 

inO'^t-^r^cb^eo^'cM»-^oooi<»> tbcMeoiriirin'cbooo^^cjio^ ob obob 

m CO CO m CM CM ^ CO CO o><o ■* CO CO in •«• o m oo to cm cvj to r<. co cm ^ ^ ■«• ^ to 

^o>o> o in »- »- co»-r>.t^ f-CM^tococM eo »- t^r^ •- »-'- 



o o o o o o 

o o o in o CO 

to O in ^ •-; CO 

CM 00 to ^ ■^ iri 

m to CO t CO O) 



•.-mm'- commm m.-tor^i^ CM mcococo co cm m to to m .-.-■.- mr^ r^ coco co coco 
.-.-.-.- 1- »-,-^..-»- oooo.-'i-oo •.-»-»-oo.-'- •-'-.- ooo o "- ••-••- 




0)0. 

P 
■Bts 

^ c 
a3 



. c 

:e 



g eg (0 
^ o o 

c- C C 



xN-h- 

o -^ -^ -^ 

£. a a E <9 



o.E 

i5o 
«.£ 

*r 3 

'ill 



-J^x _2CM 

^ .2 o cm" 
i..iE«.E«.i".Jf 

££«§,« C^CMCM<5CMC<oONa) 

9 <= -D i5 o c "S cm"cm"- CM S in -o (B <o 

i.t.™ E £ § I O O^O^ 0:e£0 
*- Q. >< >. « R >,-D TJ 01 T3 i T5 Q ^T3 

«xxxXj: >.>.c >->. >. ' i= >< 
^^e»89o-£-S — -£ -c ^ CO a> ^ 
^ ^ -9 ■<? -o -o iJ bb.2Q«b2i.Eb 
•v-r'F^I'I'^cocofcoE- ■-'^-- 



b O O O O O to' cm' cm' 



to CM 

cm" CM ^ 



. . m— o 

o o^ g g 

£ -Ob ■o'o 
III >- , >. >. 

~-£CO:C£ 

Q--'QO 



D-21 



Appendix D 



^5 



^;S 



5j d 



o oi in o 

t--^!^ Cvi 00 
(O (O t~- (O 



ir> m ID u) 



ooooooooinooooooooooo ■<- ooo 

O-r-OOOOOOOCMOO'^O-'-UIOOCDfOOO O OOO 

ooir>or^ooi~~-r^ooo'Trocooocor-^ir) in toooq 
(D<o«ootDr~r~c»)'^oO'-coi/)'«l"^ncNj<oo> co co»-c\j 

CO CO PJ OJ CO C\J CO CM 00 00 »- CO 0> "U- CO 00 CO 



E w e 



b b 



^ ?s~ 

o E E E 
>.? >.>. 
£cvi,££ 

oz o o 
cIl c c 

E ^E E 

">. S ">.'>. 

-= ab « » 

".icM.i E 
bcvjbb 



(0 

|.i 

-S " « 

-oo 2e2 2-0 
E w 2 ^, -^i. >,-E 







'■ (S 








. c 








:e 








. n 








•^ 








• o 








• c 








• <B 






a 


; >. 






X 


. c 








. ® 






1 


. Q. 
■i. 






^ 


:t. 






E 


• c 








• 0) 






• IZ 




• e!i 


■ a. 




• c-c 


■ -' <x> 


: E > 


s :z.| 


J5.C 


^-=5:g_ 



.£.£ 5- 
EE9 • 

o o « E 



o .0 o og E o o o «:9 2il"i? S:^i-V o 9 
E fe^E E-i.-5.E E E E£££l>|£ gSfZ-S-^ 

>.!K>»>.'S;/S>^>^>.>^FFCSQP>.PP>^>^?: 



3-E 
b 



0-EE9G.E EEEZZi.c;,92E22EE 



I s i i " 

^ ffi 0) T3 nj 

E.i.if-S 
599«-g 
^zz E « 
?izzb 



00000 

00 o o o o 



CM ir> loco m 



> c£ 
Q (0 « 

C C W C^c 

X X Q. c ;5 

Q> O V) ® C 

£.£-^^= 

>• >>CJ. >• >> 
X xi^o Q. 

2 2 >'C^ 

0> 0) .— *^ 



ft"il.| 

33 o >,E 
^ J3 s: j: n 
cr::^ S >• 
22?CM~ 

T) -D cm" "9 E 

in uSq inT? 
cm'cJV cm" cm 

— — >*— — m 

>N >.^ >. >. iJ 

^ ^ -g^.^ (0 

■5 0) c « « E 

9959915 

in ift y. in «3 w 
cm"cm"0 CM"in" 



o> 



(A 

■<o±s '.a 
o v) <Q ''^ 
"O — «) ~ ® 
•c-£ •_ « c 
o 3 s tn n 

1^ o ® E 
'E"o p'o's 
o 'o o o 
E ^ (0 (0 (0 
p y y u y 
ioE E'e'E 

>K <T) ns (0 <Q 

Issss 

iS o o o o 

.y .-e .ts .ti .12 
II III 

bbbbb 



ooinooooooooooooooo 
oooocMomoooo^omooooo) 

O'-O)«DO<DOOC0t^r^OCMOOOptf> 

ooTfob'^'ouiocTioir^t^^tMco'^Niincji 



mmm^ miocM'^ co ^ m in in to to m cm cm cm to cm co co m m r^ 



ooooomooo 
ooooincvjooin 
ooinmocMCMOt^ 
ocbujcvjdcocoob'"!)- 

COCOCOCMCOtflOlOOtf) 



cspin p p 
(b cbcc><dr~ 
Tf-cnoxou) 
CO r^ f^ CO CO 



^ .2 

8.9 2 
2 E'o 



?«,2 

£ * o 
CO «si 

■p w . c 4 
Q-E^^ S 
Sb«=t 



S c 
(0 o 



:ME 



25 

O 3 



lllllllll 

22 S:S:S:S:S:S:i' 

ag-OOOOOO:^ 
S .« Q- Q- Q- Q. Q. Q.Q 
Q Q _« « « « ,tf) wl Z 

oi bbbbboz' 



o » <o " 

nS 2 2 c 

S-eIII 



0.0 
2? 



n 



-Q— wE 

.2 o • S " 
£ 2 reO >- 

CO >«Ct, <0 
3 > <S ® O 

■5-i i i i 
bbbbb 



■5 « 

O Q) 

.c£ 
•s ® 



11 



n c 
<-> P 

zb 



^ a> Q >> 

• -2 oT- « 5 
« « « c *llJ c-c 

• X X >.-9.-£ X >.-p 

III! s ^5 Si 



, ^ S"^ :£ <5 ;S Q- ® ® ® 

:h i i ? *-c i 2 o 
■Sbb^ Eab— o 
.einin9bE^^o 
O cm"cm" E ib »- CO 



o 2 E Ho-ir • >■ 
f » 8 S 72- 
5i£££l"-S£EEE 



I* 
— iS 

8 9 
c c 

■o-o 



Q.Q. 



3 



n 
■9-£ 

U <B 
«>. 

.a-B 

O (S 



t « 



<I} CO fO (0 



c ° E E E c >~E >>>->> 

(5'V999(5 fl59c5 o5S 
c^j Sz ZW^EZEEE 

^ 2"z'OcM"bz"bbb 



s.-S{^=5:z, 

c85f|^ 

o * c E o IS 

^ E c ra >.E = 
a> (0 nj >,'i; CO c 
E >■">.£ * >> « 
.>■£ £ 0) E £ ^ 
Q 0) 0) F Q <B j: 
|.i.Eii|-.E| 
o Q T3 -r f n E 

lb. EcMCNib 



D-22 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



U 



WS 



8 d 



i-Trio«DOO'-oo) 



o o o o C\J 



O lO 



in o csi 
»-^ cvjeb 



m O) (\j CO <o 



o o CM into 
in CM CO ir> 00 

C\J CO (O CM(0 



CO t- i/> coco 



pqpojpqoo'-oocjCNjooo 
ddd'^irJcncMoicvidTfTrr^oo 



Tt •>»•«» 00 00 



CJCMOOUl'-O'- 

00 op »^ 7-' r-' oo' ■»!• iri 



--0* 



? 9^ >•_ 

^ OT5T7 Qs ® 



. o « 8 ® • • J-o 

S5co?«D<orv.>.S 
nj — — « — — — -£ — 

oS'S-fi'So'S-i'S 

£.i.i£.i.i.i£ i 

oOQoOOOvO 
E rij«l. E fL i-L N. E •«»• 
Q CO CO Q co" CO co"0 •^' 



7 • ™ (J 
CO >>0:^ 

co£ t: >> 

' • « S 

N V g-S 

« <0 0.(0 

o-Sc 2 
• y £ • 



^4 2&<n 

E >.>.Eo 

. « ® ■ O) 
O E E Z ■* 
d QZ 



^5o 
■s >>• 
£ S « 

>,>.o:p 

£5-§.E 
« » _ « 

99CD O 

CJZ E & 

6'z.'Ci 



c " 

o c 
a> (Q 
2? 



: « •: 



•^E 

-c-o 
u « 

<D.i a5 2^ 

9 9 9 = qo -, 

2 .9 i: •= ^ c 9- o • 9 >. 

Tr tij A ffl CO .^ ^ -^ IS ? ST 



* « 

o.g 
o E 
S « 

~ iS-o 



"CO =^ « 



« "D c — — .">. « 






1 sti:::tT"s « »:^^ g^^-^og 9 9->.|| 



n >--o if >. >.-t g ,„ 
c£:g*oo 

m « * O « -Si-^ .:." — — — 2-*=-*=22.£nC 

>»>>c c E"? c >'>'>'E >.>»>.£ ><>>E E^D =? " 
■££.E.E~-gE££^-£i:.c£-£^£~-^V^.c 

• aQQ'TQQ'S'ScS'-P'SoflD'-p'S'S'r'T -^ « 
EEiA^LZg-c^jEEEZEEEZEEZZ £L,'=-^ 
b b co'-'z' 



® 0) 
O Q. 

■3.9- 
£ >. 



.Jk^ 



^■? e c 

-" « M C 

2 o c « 
. re o J3 
oS-gS 

c c .t: c 



N b b b z"b b b z'b b z'z'z 



EZ.lin'.fP^ 
Q Z Q co' CNj' E CM 



000000000 
oooooo»-oo 
'-0 00 ooiirxo 

oor~^h-^coc\iiooo 



0000000000000000000000000 
oO'-ooooooooooomooinooinoinoo 
inq<oppppp'>-;W)'-;pp»-;r--ioin^poqoqej>ropp 
cor^i/)ioob«)«bob<b»-^ob<J>h^flOO)0)rN^cooo'^^^dioa) 

CMCOO>COCM»-COCMO>COOCMCOC\i'-'-COCOCOCOCOeO^COCO 
C\JC\J •^tOflO^OCM •* O^COCOflO^^ ^ »-»-»- T- »- »- 



p ^ po) p p 
<b in r~-' d o> >-' 

CO CO CO CO CO CO 



coo»o>o>o>c\jcMC\iin coinr~c\j<>jcocMioirt»-mu>CMCMCoeocMC\jCMr>»r^t^r~r~.r^ 



»- o 000 ' 



■000000 



.2 s 3 c n 
3 o « 5.9 
•ssa.-ss « a eS^ 

o o u o u c c ci^ 



>>. . 

j: in 
^•50 



« 2 
2 "? 

? 2S" 
So « 






■5 •=■ 



e c 

«E 
>.« 

— *'=~<5 as 0);=<5' 






jc j= ^ ^ j:: 

tr t: -c e t: „ .„ _ .>- .- 



>• >>'g >• S 6 >~ >. >• >--r. >«"0 -^ y- y-S >~ >--^t6 >» >■ >--^-;i-:r.-:;.-=.-c.-^ 
-d-d O.C P »--cr I— _C-C ^*-cr ^» ^* 0*",^.^ ^* -.cr _c ^ ^* ** >* ^ ^* ^ » 

^^^jdii • •_*Q^ ® 01 « «-5 •_'5:z:z± » So-^ » ? JcoQDo'S'S'SflB 

>.>.>,>.>.££>.>.' Q.6FEEcE>»c>->->-EEc>«EEEccccccc 

S»»SS99S» £09999159 »QSo»99q» 99 90QQ0QDQ 
E E E E E Z Z E E ^aZ.«> Z Z.,^ Z E .AEE.EZZ^EZZZ^:.^L^L^L^L^L^:. 



f5 ^ 
£8 



2 <« 

98 



b b b b b z'z'b b co 



—..= ^ .= .= .= —.—.w .E zzZf^ (.;, (.1. i-i, t-i (.1, fC. 

Z CM Z Z m'Z O T-*0 OQZ Z cm'OZ Z Z co' co' co' co' co' co' co' 



■5*2 
jc E ™ 



>> ■>.■>.— ■>.«■>, 2 

® 2 <5 CD ^^ o — m ? 



2ii2icE§. 
Socobf Q o 

ID r:. ^. .i2 ^:. QLrL Q. 
CO CO CO CO 



D-23 



Appendix D 



U 



o5x 



1^ 

*:2 



«J* 



oooooooro 

OOOOOOO'- 

(NJodi^iriinoodoo 

CO 00 Oi 00 00 




f- IT) mm in 



>o oo o 0( 



E 
o o 



Is 



8. 



8i 



"•-1-2 



^t|lls|ti^l 



O CO 



-c'-c'^. ■ 2 2 o 
■ffi « o • 5 « o 

iillllii 



i If ill! 



— m — — r w^ ^^-i* Q.^ O ii O ^ CM O (O 



Z o. a Q. a Q. V rS q.x) 

zbooboi5^'(5 



9-ooooeor- r- • >,b t3 ^ 
bbbbb bbbbobbb 



tor* rs. ?L 

^ T- V^ -n ><) lA m (O 
u u'Ou O <B o o 

JSJS (D flJ^^^5 
OOCDja^CQCQCDCD 



0(0 00 

o • Q> 
CD CD CD 
O tj t) 



I CD CD CD CD 
t> t> t) B 



1- I- ^ (M £M CM 
CD CD CD CD CD CD 



ooobobbbooaoQDODOODoo 



— com 

00 00 00 
CMCMtXJ 

CD CD 00 

o o o 



ocoooooooooooooooooooooo 
ortooooooooooooocMinoooooo 
oooc\ioooocor^onoiocMcoo»-c\jooo»-o 






OOOOOOOCMOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

oolftoooooooooO'-ooocvjominoTO 
moo»-oooooi-i/)c<jcoooh-ocMirtcocijcocoq 
(dcocor^'cviuirv^ifiiridococS'r^eocvicocoiri'^iflcococ) 
^i^rs.^^ai^^o>oooor^cMr>.iAinint^ir>cNjiAr^r^c\j 

CO 00 CMOO'- tO'-OO oo»-oo o 




-o « 



o5« 



" 1 • c g E 
2 c 2 « « 



U 



5.= « 



l8« s 
n) u o 0) ® 
a o-c c E 
c c Q.<o "5, 

°°>-" £ 
0) a> X >, <D 



u u o X.C _^u.« 



Q.-S-9 






8 99 8 E 



: c c c ^ c 
SOOOCO 
xo'^ inb 4 
jojcjcrf Q-cg 



~ '-;' ^•E o o o o o o c 

jobbbbbboo: 



/-N O fli - C i 



w 2 t'. i c c c c . 
P) Q r- I Ql^ Q- Q- 9- Q-CM £iCJ Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q. 

^'b bbbcM'bbbb^'bcgbbbbbbbbbb 



b 2 5 



'"H jc j: j: x: v ^ — c ^^^jr^^^Jix: 



D-24 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



^§ 



WS 



cox 



oooooc\jror~-h«oo'»'OOOooooo^oooooooo«oooovocoO'-''j''-wr^o>ooooc\jcof^o>o 

OOOOOC0C0C0^^V/)OOOOOOOO'-OOOOOOOOOO^r^00OC0C00>C*)C0l0OO*— OJCMCVJOO 

qqqpp'-i-i-^T-'-oqqirtqqqqqqqqqoqqqr-p.'-^'.-ojcvjcvJCvjnnco 




i Q o i5 i5 Q o o o i5 



b z'b b b o o o (5 i5 i5 b b b o o o Q Q o Q o o o o o o o o o o o o o o a o 



CMOOC\ic\ioooooooooo'700ooqqqqqqcvjc\ic\jc\ic*jc\jqqqq^q qqqqqqqqqq 

f^t^O>OOO0000tDJ0JD<Or^f^r>-f^000000O>O>0)OOOOCJ(\iCSJC\4CMC\4CMC\IC0OC0C0C\JCVIC\iC\JC0OC5C055 



- ' •- C\J 

OTtT coco 

[ ••'t C\JC\J 

I -DC c c 

) CD » * * 

I jscomffi 



>-2i 

c c 
» a 
o2 



*w «J 

gin<o-*o>cgoo2 5 
5,»- c>jcocor^oo.-»--5 

c 0J0)0)0)0)0)0»05 njO* *- CNJ CM r^ 

500000 000 occtrccoici: 

t3 C ^ C C C TJ T3 C C C C C C C 



coo 
r-co 

"CO 

<B <S 

crcc 



. r^ <oooo) n !J , 



»!?:c\jcococnm 50> 



SS2?- 



crcc 
t5C 



Scvi CMCgrgpg^x v v ^ — * * ? 
5 5 5 5 
O'a'a'a 



T3 « 
jTJ O 

ictttcctrtr 25 



O Oo 

55 5 






^00 

'-eg 
= =. 






in CO 
n n •- o o 

CO'* U) »- "- 

$ $ $ $ i 

05 05.2 



bbbbbbbbbobbbboobbbobbbbbbbbbbbbbobbbbbbbbbbbbbb 



D-2S 



Appendix D 



«:< 



COS 



0>S 



OinoOOOr^OCOCDOOOOOOOOOTCOOOOO'l-CDCOOlOOOOOOT-OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

■^Trir)ooi-omc^'^;Doooooo<DooooT-CMO>'>-cocoovno^ooooooooooooooooo 
coeoploooopppppppppppooO'r-^'-i'f-T-cvjcvjCNipuipOinooooooT-'-^pppcooqp 
rirj ■^'irtr^ooocnco^aj^uS«dooo>CNi'^<ooc)T-'»-^^»-^i-^cvjuJo>«ouSr>^o>0'^r5ortir)w 
30ooo-i-»-»-'-'-'-c\jcococococo'^'fnininininioioiomm'r<oooir)c\jm'^r-^»-to«>iftcoinco«>«o 
^ r~ t-« r^ r^ t^ h. h. r^ h« r>. (O <o (o <o (o <o (o (o (O (O W (D (O (O (O <o '<r o> '^ CO CM O) »- m moo o> oi ooco 



n 

oinoo M 

cococo >>^ 

« 4 • "g o ■ 
crcccc S^: 

CO jO M V) JO 

Q.ciS.a.S. 

CO CO (O CO CO 

bi5bbb 



n 



h^ 00 CO CO 00 O >.m 
•- CM CO CO •«»■ to "D J 

Q Q .2 .Q Q S o o 

CO jO CO 






CO CO 



in in yi 
o <D 

,cj.a_ 

CO CO CO 



CO CO CO 

bob 



00 ^ (O 00 O) 00 o> 
COnCNJ'^tr^tOCOO^CMCJl'-COCO 

c\jcO'*iocot^ooeo»-'-'-'-CN(C\icj 
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 

JOMMMJACOCOjOCO^COCOCOCOCO 

,aS.Q.S.S.S.S.S.S.ciQ.o.aaa. 

COCOCOCOCOCACOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCO 

bbbbbbbbbbbbbbb 




£ i <5 o a « 
« O Q.cvj,liS (3 

lic^of o:^ 



P5 



.2 .2 .2 .2 ^..i c\i 



~ CO O -O S-= «• P O. J^ Q. O N 

.2l.a>:c.Q-6.5-5-5'5"&2 5 



. ~Q||||S-o.c 

^ ^ i_ .^ - - .tr .ts .« ^ .«£ m .^ .^ ,^ .^.2 irt .> 

oooQzoc\rooO'«ocM'ooaaO'r-'o 



ooooooooo»-»-ooopoooooppppppp»-;pp»-;'-_p'-;ppcgcvic\jc\jcqtO{ococoeoeocq 
o)o>cl'-^c\i«r^ooobeoc6oc\i«bodo)Oco^cor^fldodo»-"c\iViri«ot^o»<j>oO'-^cjcocococo 



ooooooooooooc 

^ M Mi N M N N N N N N N N M N i Ni M N N M i N ; N 

CO : : : :ra : : :„« ::::::::::::::::::::: :-o :;::::::::::: : 

ift o> o t-~ •.- 3 CO cj> •* CO ;S <e 

««»««««»»»• • • '^!Q<o'^ac2o>'^C~?>'2£?;?S?!:i'-«^««!{>S2SRSJ 

9 a « e « a a 9 a « n cof>-CijoomomtO'*<oa>'.-»-rt{OcoTfirtmcDKr~cDh-t>.r~0'-»-''-r>jcocOco 

0>0>0>0>C7>C7>C3>CnO>C7> tj,,- irt^,-CMCOlOmcOCDt^h>.00000)»-T-»-»-»-»-»-»-»-'-CNJCVICMCMCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCO 

S § § § § II § « § ^-g-g-j-j-j-g-j-g-g-j-g-g-gig-g-g-g-g-j-g-g^-g-g-j-g-g-g^-g-g-g-S-g-g-g-j 
0000000000 oOcaioccocccccaitrccccircctEtrirocccDCfrccirccoctrccirccccDCcctroccrircca: 

2222222222222222222*''2^22*''^*'*2^2^2*'^*'^222*''2222.2.2.2.2.2.2 

bbbbbbbbbbbQbbabbbb(5bi5bb(5(5oQob(5bi5obbbi5bi5bbbbbbQO 



D-26 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



^5 



oooo oooooooooooo 

OOOO OtOOCVJOOOOOOOO 

oooo 0-«rOU300000000 

iitoiod r~-'Tr<ouSd'^c\ico^'uitv;o6 

00 r^ eg c\j m •- cm cj c\i cm cm c\j cvi c\j 



ooo»-ooor>-eo»-oooooooooooooooooooo 
oooooooir)<oooooooooooooooooooooo 

OOOOOOOOOO'-OOOO'^OOOOOOOOOOOI^inOlO 



WX 



COCMCM'* '^lACMIACMCMCMCMCMCMCMCM 



E _ 

CO «-D 



E . 
— ~ 



:s.i« 



E «»i e-w c~ 1-2 
^:S|«cMi«>'|.i«^^i 

£5|?gc2.2S.SEi-' 
-= w V v> ^i—wcMnJ-oZ.etcfliiwc 

— * " * -^_C -Q-=4)94}0<DOOO'^| 
■2^Q.>>5;</)</)c»o)</)c»i/)(nco^ 

- 5- & 1 5> & e> 5- 6- e- 5- 6- 5- e-i 

oo'-r'oooooooooo' 

oO'Aooooooaooo 



-S • 

I? 

I- 

^ u 
E E 

c'c • 
o 0:5 
EES 
EES 

(D R) U 

•ill 

c" cT 5. a 5. 

Q) w (0 O 0) 
"O "O X X X 

00000 
OOOOQ 



r: '■.- ' ' ^ "> 



m <o r- c c o> O)co «or^^cMCMr)rocon s s 

^^;8 2 2 2 s-g-g'S^'S'g'S'S'S^II „ 
• a:£rocooooa:Qcoc£r(xcr(r£ra:(r>=>^5 
2 .u .u .y .9 .9 .9 .9 .9 .9 .9 .9 .9 .9 .9 .9 .9 .9 .9 .9 '^^ 

^EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEo 

^c[)(/)(q(/)(/)(/)c/)(0(/)c0V)</)(n(/>tf>c/)cA</}(Ap 

.^ooS888S88Soo88ooo88.2 

•=-D-D-Dt3-D"D-D-0^-D-OT3-0-OT3T3-0"OT3 5 • 

fccccccccccccccccccccgg 
.<5<<<njw«<oreren>BJ«>(Tjnj<o<oni(ocD-^<5 

i*0)0)0)D)0>0>0)00>00)0)0)CTOIOlO>0>0>0^ 

o22E22EEEE222EE2EEEE-o'c 
ooaoooooQoooooooaoooiuLiJ 



c c 

■5-0 

o o 
so 

jC ^ 

9 9 
QlQ. 

UJliJ 



1^ 



iocMCMor^r~~N-ir)00oooir)<oooooo 



CO in CO o> in I/) in CM CO I/) lo CMO>»-o>oor^ 



o»-ooo)oo'VCMint-~ooO'-cgcomf^om<DooO'.-.-o>»-ocM 



«0* 






"IS 

s " 



3r«5 

Q.in 

"?? 
eg a 



ill II 



« - w S S J5 
> o o 

•|.«.y=i»« • 

I'illiiii 

K>.>>>.(a (0 re re 



^' 



».- 2e2|^ 

^ I SJS c JS re E ™i5 
«> i r- o S i-£ 3 " o 

X t ot CO.^ ""ti — 

c= •e.reo^.«.ieEa.°i: 

- "2:52 :2:5s. "2 12:25:2 
"Qyuouuuuuu 



.■2:2 



e1 



^ E 



"g 



O 0:5-0-2:2 • 
.9.9(2 «"' y >• 

c c ti o o •« 5 
33 re 2.2 g_^ 

« in r- 0.0."^"^ 

■5^ ?.P q 



.'S 



5.5 



o 2 U W U o o o o o " <J 
j^wjQrererererererererere 

fnyyuuyyuuuuo ..^.^gjg-g-vj - c-^ 
m •2' 5 c c c c c c c c c c c m "S "2 9 fe Sc Q. m m » • 
?reOooooooooooo-5®®ra Q.9.;=-iS c-Sc 

O»)533333333D33Xxxca06<?'P;— >. 

. ."cocoio««cn«cncn«o<nOQQ^"gg(3Q.a)y 
o cccccccccccccc>->- >-c E E E ? 2 -i^ 

0.|NggNgNNNNN2gN -|||3COCOC7- I ^1 



i::-<Sc 



>"0'0'DT3"DT3T3T3T3' 



56 66 6 6 o't'"V'V'c9oo 
3QQQOQQcZZZ2cQQ 



I>-27 



Appendix D 



u 



(0« 



S^ 



«o* 



o ooo q 

(O <0 CO (O CO 



oo 

CJO 
COO) 

oo 



o o o o 

00 o o o 

rv. o ^ q 

CO O) 00 »- 

oo mr- 



oooooooo 

lAOOOOOOO 

CNiqqqqqou) 
cdi/>N^odo>0'<-'-^ 
mcMCvjCNJCvjcocon 



00000»-000000000 

ooooooooooooooo 
qq'^inqqqqqrv.qqqqq 
iri<btf>uji0'«tinu)0)«bc»ic>»-^obirj 

CO CO CO C^ C* "^ "^ "^ ■" '^ "^ "^ "^ **" ''^ 
(0(0<0(0 



Ul U^ U^ UJ U7 "^T U} UJ U) kU CJ (^ T— GU ITJ 

cococococoifiuimT-cJ)ir)iD<pi^eo 

te\ tn tr\ »e\ ^^ fr\ *^» m* qq ^ (Jrj ^ j«^ 



0)00^ 



o o o o 
o o o o 
o o o o 

oico -^ <D 

U) CO CO CO 

00 CO 00 



CM (\i CV CNi CM CMCJ CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM Ca CM CM CM Csl 



IS 5 — 



.« to 
S • 
■o « 

!28 



eQ5.22p||| 



-e-fi-e-e-e •"^■o .„_ 
8888S«-o=« :«>£ 

29Se e2r|o o o §> 



•2e 
■o . 






25 
5E 

o 9 

o « 

o o> 

^"S 

%S. - 

2 S % 

fe rt ? 



■o.U 
a ^ 
IS a 



.SE 

■8:5 



*S8=o82!S 



|S8|g 

i^5 « EE o2 



:oooooooo 

) .«: la .t: ■«: ■«: .t: la. la 

.-e-e€-e€-s-s-e 

}OOOOQQQO 

kWOTWMIAOTOTM 



2 •'3 

«5 2 * 
a O <o 

9 o o ^ ^ 

111 J^o 

•fi-s-s *°S 



as 

8? 

SE 



it 

— • 



c.E 



>>><>.>.>>>i.>,>.>.Q >>>>n >< >''S 

|||||il||8||-5||l 

UJUJUJUJUJ^ UJUJ UJUJ UJUJ 



m LU 



|-§.||| :o8f 

QSQ^^a ^°-"EEc«-?rc 

■g^^-g-g-g^-S :'S"g?gSoi-2||||?|Ef 

UJ UJ UJ UJ UJ UJ Gj UJ UJ UJ UJ CM UJ UJ LU UJ UJ UJ UJ 111 LLI CM CM 



= 1 
(« Q. 

~ a a 
•If 



ZCMCO 



OOOOOOOOOOOOOQOOOOOOO 

ooooooQoooinoooooooooo 
qo'«a>oooqqiACMOiAr»qtnqqqqq 
ir)oi/iir)(b(6ujp)<boa>(b(d«bco^o>u)(oc»ed 
CMcor^h-r^ »-c»)CMco^^ ^lor^r^r^f^coio 

m OOCM^CM CM <D lO ID <0 r> lA 



OOOOOOOOOOOOOO 



coeocoeoeofloiococMOJO^coo 
«>^r^r<.r^(oF>t^r^^CMcoi>-u) 

lA 0000fl0^K09»-^'» »- 



ooooooo 
ooooooo 
PPPtPPP 
»-^ tfi CO 00 ■*' CO r«^ 
«o o m »- CM T- 1- 

•- T- C» CO CD to CO 



lAi-^^ •-0000<OIACMin(O(O(OCM(O<OCO(O(OCM CM CM ^ CO CO CO <0 CM CO (O (O (O r^ U) lA in lA lA in CM CM CM CM 
■.-••-••-i-»-000i-i-»-000t-00000»- t- •-»-0000'«-00000 — »- ■>- »-»-•.- ^ »- ^ ^ 



fill 
ttit 



• o 



ffl ■= -"^ TJ W Q 

S o^^ ■ •£ c 
o"5 o^« s'gE 

S2il2.-S§t 
sSJS.8 w«-5 

m * * 4 * « S ._ „ 
UJUJUJ TI'MIMIMIMII 



E « « 



i^i.g c 



tf 

LU ^ 



« 2o 
tS2^ 

9 9 9»= 
ooo 2 

E E E-5 
29 9m 



= E 



CoE-«;5 « 
Q.CB * S c 

O co" « co".U E 
7; c C C C (0 

2 8'8'i'si 






o o o 



ii)««<»i»ssSii 



B^B 



..S>5-^x I.-? 
a o 5 m n-^ m 

(Q *- *« *« O w 









?>?«?«l « -.,.-- 

LU UJ liJ LU LU 111 LU LU UJ LU 111 LU IU^C>JU)UJUJ 



S« X 

■2:9 O ° 

w^. 2 ® 
ST o X .£ 

^000 i£.£K.« ■ 



, 8 

: o — 



^ « « 

as . m 9 
S Co o 
" • c c 

Et;oo 

3 « E E 



Z >• "o o Q g 

■*».« « 2 2 2 



UJUJUJUJZCDCMCM 



g£ ~ o c c c 
2 '3 >. (o n (0 (s 
o >.-£-p'o-o-5 
E X flj * o 4 
^ _^ w*JS J5 J5 ^ 

8(2 o 5" 5" 5*5* 
^pj,~ 0000 



_^ X X X X 

oiCtiD C " r r 

CM CM UJ LU LU LU 



D-28 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



U 



«o:a 



to* 



o o o 
o o o 
o o o 

mtn in 



2 S2 2 S 9 °2 o o o o oo oo o o o o o o o o ooo 

ooo oooinooooococMooo ooooo o o ooo 

qoqqqq-*qqqqN.r-«r)oooiooooN.oo ^"" 

q^-c^JP5■^»-co<bNioboo»-^^-^t--^o>o••-^^-^c^io>c>■r^ t^pS ■r-^^iri 

(o«)<D<o(Doo<ooooc«)cotf>ooco-*-*^VrS^j;5 f:;$2 55S{ 

O ■•-■r-'r-«)r-^^<O«>«OC\JC0C\J CO -l-S 



oooo ooo ooo 
oooo ooo ooo 
qqqq qoo ooo 
o iri <— o o> rvj (b ai <si-^ 
(DTj-<Dt-» ooooTt ^rrm 
^'-^ f^o»-m«Doo 



J ??? ^ ^ ^ ^ 3 2 u) j; in lo in c\j IT) w m c\j cNj c\j ifl lo ■* o 00 i>» to minK cm r- c\i n m in t^ in in in 



(0 

en 

«.? 
in N 

E E 
<a 10 
o o 



_i^E 
« CO 2 

(0 V) ^ 
C <9 O 
^ CO c 

10 c E 
Q) (0 <o 

c o>o 
race 

(D CO o 

E EE 



.9 .9 .9 



5 5"^ 
« « ■- ■- ^ 
c c c c c 

w w CO O O w 
c c^ c c c 

">.'>>JI >.">.■>. 
££^£££, 

LLIUJ LULLIUJ 



C • (0 « 

• c "^ 
- " 3 E " 

1 lip 

in ■ E Q 0.2 

O CO Q. CO "Q 

c CO CO CO o 

O . ^ ^ ^ 10 

E ■ 5 5 5 'S 

o ■ o'D'o'o 

CO * CO CO CO CO 

9 :.9.9.9.9 






. <X> <D O 

■ s^'ss 



(0 JS 



O 9^ 



• !5 



« 8 S 

E Q-rf >• 

fill S«8S8888888 S^."^ ||^ o 

C -CCCC®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®® CO- r- x: OJ o 

9* •a)««»^'^cccccccccccccccrt's;-s;c' 

rl t±i.^V=.^LU LULUUJLUUJUJLIJLUUJlULUUJUJIiJUJUJUJUJUJ lij 



S. b 5 -= -r 9- • S <» 
6 .2 E E .2 .T .i .i o o g S 

CO'D-DTJ-D'O-D-O E E (0-S 



» 


« 




CO 


« 

E 


E 
m 


>> 


c 



v * 

T3£ 



(0 Q 

* t 

-c 2 

*m E 
3-i CO 



O 

£ <B 

JSTo 
3.9 
<o j: 

1-1 : 



.2 V -D 

C • CO 

It I 
E± ^ o 

S X .c CO o 

2 CD (0 C£ 

S-C X CO • 

is ' « X CO 

">s.^- ■£■£ 



If 

>.= 

£ CO 

aJ co" 

5. CO 
CO 

u u 

CO CO -5 

• .9.9 c 

to o'o 2 

o c c 5 

C CO CO • 

X w a> 
_ * £ £_L 



uJtI uJZiO cvjcvjlli cvicgrg 



oooo 
qoo> o 

i~>^cjini< 



ooo oo 

lOOC^ o o 

00 qq q q 

00 ^T- COO) 

^ »- cuo> 



csirv-oo mm 



mooo oooomomoooooo 
cvjooo oooo»-c\jmoo'-ooo 
q<oqT- »-^^T--i-cocqqmqoooo> 
oioicbo in 00 (o o> (b <b (o cNJ c> CO cvi o o) 
comco^ O)t^o>«oo>o><oow^otcn 

0> ^ CO 00 CM C\J ^ CNi ^ CNJ C\i CM 



o ooooomo 

o o ocoo omo 

in qocjooTTO 

IT C) ^' CO d CO 00 CM 

CO ^'^COOOCSCNJCO 

»- CMCM CVimCO'- 



mmcomcocM^ 



oo 
ai d 
^ m 



QUJ 



I 
11 



£5? 
• 8. 

_£ >.co 
— >»•£*= 
.c£uj (0 



E 

O 
— • 



S5 



9 



Slo«?>. 

Op B c 
•S90^8 
2-2? oy « 



iiJ 5 JO fi >. ™ X) o "O cj cy .E >.o o & 



;UJ. 



. ^E« >«>>>. 

£££-c^ C09j=££ 

UJUJUJUJUJ UJUJUJ 




E 

.8 

2 g 
E45 2 o 

(Q <p (Q ^ 

^ C © § 



g_co 

^ X 

^ o 



SI 

?s 

D ,, o 
CO .9 CO 
.9 ®.9 

III 
5^o ! (0 a CO 

^ 9 9 9 S A 



"O -999 



9 I ;«,= • € • -g 2_? 2 

« < CO .t 9 9 ® c O p O" 
9 9 9 o P P E 9 ••= :S .•= 

^ E ^^ 9 9 9 9 i « i 
^_9^^^ — -C-S 



CO 9 

il 

E? 



CO CO 



.£££££t:— i: •> 

z'uj uj uj uj uj 4i 4i 




D-29 



Appendix D 



^:s 



wz. 



0)% 






(\JOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOtOOO»- 

«ooooinooonoc»500ooooooi/>'>-ooo 

OOOOfMODOOOOOPJOCTOMO^OOOCVJOPJOO 



o oo o o o 

o^oooo _ _ 

moooioi- opt^copp 

c\j Tt cvj « o> t 00 eo o> n c\j CM 

ui oocococM oicjco^mio 



lA ^ ininmin 







^ a> c fl) ©) _2 <o 
• E^« 2 " ») 

£f5.9 b X o « 

>>S j: com* 

5^=S " « • <0 

g S § « (0 (0 « 
fli Je ,. >t >« >« ^ 

X X « « (0 (0 
LLI LLI U. LL UL U. 



^9SSi 



« • 

CO fS 
«> V) 

c c 

« 9 
■?■§ 

88 
» • 

.£.B <» 
EE§ 



o ooooooooo 
o «-ooopoa>po 
o ddddcimaiy-^ai 



cono)h»cM^f«.0)»-o<o<et^o»o>o>o>c5 
t^<ot^t^to«ocor^o>o>o>o>o>o>i^«)»-^ 

i-O 00» CO 0>»-CM 



oicvifberi 



oo coo 
mo r^o 
mo om 



CMCMCNjmmmoomm comm«-mmr^ mm<- i-CMC\jcMm m^CM 



la 

(0 CO 

^8 



Q .3 W ^ _g 



f 2 
2 o 



•S 5 5< S< J- To CO ■ '^ « o 





cog-cog-cococo®* >, J'>.^.£ 
xJSxnXxx-^^xmX^x 

£ Q.:E Q^ :E £ _L -1 £ =5,£ £ -e 
>.>,>.>,>.>»>.>.>. >. ?^ >»UJ CO 

UJ QjjJ Q4JJ UJ UJ UJ UJ UJ H^ UJ ^^ 

rvj CNi (\i cNi c\j CNj c\i c\i SUxi Z rg c\i c\i rtj c\i CNi c\i cvi e\i CNj rvi c\i CNt est c\i cvj 



XXXX-I^XXXXXXXXXxXXi CZ>v^ 
O CD C2> <S __ 0®0CDQ>Q>9C9C]>aCS9 cm I , r* ^ 

££££lL£dE£££££££-c£:^^^0'>.c»£ 

>,>,>.>,>,>,>.>.>,>»><>,>< >.■>, >• >~ ?" M ^ -£ UJ 

.^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ ^^ ^ t .2 -J tt . 

jujujujuJUJLUtSiSiiJUJUJUJLijuj cSujuj \iL^ • d^s. 

CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM a S- 



« 5 c E coo. 
>'E t >>Q.!2 

(O tii liJ Hi UJ C{vj ••- 
Z Z '^ CM CM* 




D-30 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



U 



cos 






o o o o o o o 
o o o o o o o 

O O O CNi O 'J- o 



CO m to m 00 lo •* 

O t- O •- O'.- t- 



pvooovooooopiotfl'^pppp in 

<bob O) dcj d 00 ^ricri riocood od«d uS to -r-^ 

tn (-- 00 tn (\j t\j '<r lO IT) mi/> in tr> to 00 (7) to to r- 

cj'T-^toto »- »- ^ ^ T- 1- ■r- to n 



ooo ooooooooooooooo 

COOO lOOOOOOOOUIOOOOOO 

uioqp tpooooinotntjiO'^t^cooo 

f-^'^tb •^dcoTrodtbcStbuS'-^d'-^'-^'^cJ 

m to oj o to CM t\j r-- CO c>j 00 h- >- to to ■<» to 

•^ irt T- t^ »- •>- inciifi -^^ >- 1^ h- to to 



cviiAin locj'^j-'^^toiftin^toiftCNjcgcMCsj 



•o * 



ss- 



« o i 



(0 in S 

t ® ® C w 

5 .2 o o ^ -p 

2 = (/) to « t 
flj nj <TJ <TJ (5 

ooooo 



a 10 i^'( 



a o> n> 4^- u «^ T} 
3 3 3 ■= (0 ^ 



— — — — — — tCg 

QO 



3 3 3 3 3 3 




to a> 
5'c5 

11 



^ E o 
^ O 0) "> 



in 



nj E a> « _-_ _ 
y S ? i 2 2 9 

!;; Tn O 9 O <B O 
iS — O O O O O 
3 3 >'^^^^ 

BOOOOOO 



OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOlft'>-CVIOO OOOOOOOOOOOOOOIOOOOOOCOOOO 

— ~ ooootooooooooo^oooooomooo 



ioooon'«rr^^nr)m<-iotoior<-t^r^cooooocooo 
»e\j^ ^toh» •-•-'-»- to r>. r^ f.. h« f» r^ r>. K r>. In. tN. 



lOlrttDtDU»tOtO^<0<Dt00^^^^^5^^'5'55 
»-»-00»-00»-000»-00000000000 



or>-c\joir)oot^oooooooooinoo»-ooo 

h**— C)m»-^00O)000000<O00CD0DO)CJC000C\l*— r^CMOO 

ciiOJ to o> to ^ to r>^ r^ r^ r^ f- 1^ r- 1^ p^ r^ Tt irt o) »- u> 



irtwooto{otototo^5'»'*nn'«mu>cg^ioc5^inm 



<-OOOOOOOOI 



(OOOOOO'-'-'-'-O'-'-'- 




■g 
15 

c 
« 

f 



?f:floo>cj^^oor:ejg«'5J £ 
'i-<\j'*trttor-.»-cMrpp)5> -■S a e o 

-._._._._w,_^CMC\JCVJ20jc'" — 
U.CCCCCCC«*«Cc° 

«2.S>.B>.2'.5>.5'.g'.o^-^-£^g)o m 



is- 

o •— 

_ U) « 

>■ o c 



o o 



S bi ii !;! « l!? !^ !;! I 8 8 b! I ^ 

llllllllilill^ 



c 5^ ^ S.c 
5"i OC IP S 



2 S E 
52 2 

U._3_3 
OU-LL 



C <B SO 

o E c^S 

ll._3_3_3 
(■Ui.li.LL 



^— • 

£ c • 
g>J5 « 
ir)to«i"E 
-CNjc„^§ s i^sS 

.u .u .u . u . u .u u ■« 1 1 1 

E e E E E E E E^ c <d 

■D-0-D-D-DT3"DT> — "^ cl< 

«n)(0(0(0(o<ora.5.g.g* 
ci w CT ci ci ci ti CT ?■?•?■ r2 
E22S2EEE***'-' 

QQQQQQQQ222 " 

rerora.y 

i-o-DTJ-o-o E E E E 



.g 



Ll.li.li.Ll.Li.Ll.U.li.U.li.1 



•c 

3 

9-.> 5 >• 

>-2 OTJ 
•-li-LLPJ 



E)-31 



Appendix D 



^^ 



w5« 



ll 
id 



O O O O O O O O O O O O O O OOC\J 

o o »~» o in o irt o> p '-^ p o irt i/i cr» u> in 

•^'ij-'-^uSaior^cvicJcD'tcNJ'-'oi cdod 

(O 00 ^ n 00 o> o) o> o> 00 CM CM in <-oooo 

^c\jr>. <o CM m a><D eo 



ooooocMOinoooo 
looinoooooioooo ooooooO'>-ocmoo 
p o o o m in p o o m TT o o 00 o '- o o o to o o o o in o o 
«D CO «b •r^ 00 n! oi o cvi (D 00 oi iri t^ •^ \rt d en c6 to d d d ■'^ en t^ d 
CT) ^ h* CM m •»- cj h» en oi o> »- 00 CM cm •* cm r-- o> ■<»■ co co cm en •^ co 
»-co in 0000 CMCM cji oicoineo cot^r^t cocm 




o >> 



2 2 

Si c 

ri 



• o « f^ 

si « o 2 . s s 
S « JS >. >. o u iS -c • 

XX XXX CmX C 



o o 



** *^ c 5 £ 



i: 



1 



(gaiQ.Q.«cxcc 

X X CNJ CO X CSI X X 



l- 



go- 

<= M = 

O c£ 

« a>j: 
jB o «. 
o o m 



£5 



so 



O Q> 4> ^ 

XXX ^" 



« c c 
"S « « 

■588 

-g (0 R) 



X X 

a « 

XX 



_ • 
°1 
M o a 
Sec 
S (0 « 

I* X X 

T^XX 



2 m 
X O • « _ § 
« Q. 
II •til 

J! J? J E S- J2 

w w o w (0 w 
■OTJTJ-O X-O 

(0 n) (0 (0 d> (0 

X X X XX X 

XXXXZX 



ooooooooo 

OOOOQOOOO 

inpph^anppoqo) 
•-o>a>o>*— incoooo 
inin<ocM'-CM«5'^«D 



OO OOOOOQOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOQOQQOOOOO oooo 

oo oooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo oooin 

po oinpppo^, oqcMco'<4;pppp(D^oo><^pppppppoop pppr-^ 

t^CM cocri'»ino>CMOiincb<d«bin<bt^a>i>«.'i^^t««!od»-^CModco^o>c)»-^eor^' r>»'oobc»j 

(0(0 <o<o(0<o^^^(D(0(0<oinininm^(Doo(Oin'^<-OT-<-ocMO>oo^ oo<-cmco 



CO CO inio 



CMCMCN!CM<M^inCMCM CMCM CMCMeMCMCMCMCMCMCMCMCMCMCMCMCMinCMinCMCMinin»-U»in»-»-»-»-inin^U>UJ 




«^^££Soooo 
•■6«S**iEEEE 



« « 

a e 
o o 

c c 




2 



c «.2 o) '. 

i'>,2 -2 2- 
o5-e~« Q.UJ 

a SiS Sco 



gggggllllg: 

uouuuuuuou 
000000(50(3(3 



3 g 9 w g 9 e 
o o a S a 9 9 

Q U O U U U U 

oo OOO 



99999999992. £.£.£.£.£.£.£. e-o 
ooououuoouuuuuuuuuu'o 
OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 



9 & e 

u u o 



992 

(D 0) 4> 
" O O 



2 So 

>> ..a « 



>"a >.2 

9:e.-5 3 

X < o o 
OOOO 



D-32 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



^S 






o> o o o o o o 



u) (o (o h> ir> ir> '« 
'- o o o »- 1- »- 



ooooooooo 
ooooooooo 
qoqqqqqqq 

CViCMCO 



ooooooooooooooooooo 
ooooorooooooooioooooo 
o<\jo<cmoomoooooooooo<\j 
o)«-^crlo)o6Nicjconc>^'«rc>(T>c\i'^oicbuS 



o o 
o o 
o o 



U) o 

•«r o 
o> o 



II 



o ra 
E E 

O 3 

XX 



n 

£^. . 

>'a » — 

■^•o O c c c « 
"O -O "O -O -O TJ -S 

xxxxxx 



II 

— n 
0) u 

» 2 



9 e 
.■S£ 



U-O . 0) (B « o o O 
Q.Q.B « « « « 10 g 

£ 2 « o o o 00 O 



^ ^ to « <o" O)" «o" «) <fl" 
ccccccccc . 

•o-o-o-o-o-otj-d-d'e 
XXXXXXXXX 



3 V> tf> 3 

c tj « e ■; 

2.5 »- ^ .5 

? 3 3 ;= 



2o E EO *-o 

, ^ , .« Inl^'O 

O 00 O O a « 

<« «o" </» CO* lo" !c -J; 
c c c c c jr E 

nj B> nj ra nj .c .E 

T3 T3 -O TJ T3 -O T3 

xxxxxxx 



u 

E 

« 3 

«!_«*«>" ■£2'5 
■>.« c c c « ■£ o 

g^EEll*:! 

* "P ">.">> ">.'>.T3 ^ 
■o-onjwninis — 



ni 



« « 



!a a » c 



S 5 J J 5 ™ „ C 

Sc o o oj l^o o 

O E^~ — — is TO-D 

■5 -o T3 -5 -5 -o >L'>.'>,^"5 c\j <5 

1 ^ ^ >« >* >* ^^ ^ T" T" ^^r' 

XXXXXX i-i-i-i-x .r- 



t; ts >•>' 
3 ^ o> o> 

■0.0 T3 "O a 
© ts ® ® ts 

fu </) R) (v tf) 

C C C C C 

d) © O ® 9 

0)*D O) CT'D 

O C O O C 

X XX 



m 
S 

3 

E 
• 
^ • E 
•0 e fi" 

CO cfl „ 

c c.U 

® « tr 

o c p 

tsf 

X X 



OOOI^OOCMCMOOO 
OOOTtOO'-CJOOO 

oooomooooino 



OOOOOOOOOOl/)OOP5^0<OOOOOOOOOOmOOOOOOOO 

oos-O'-oooooi-CNjinminomooooooooo'-ooooO'-oco 
0'-eooooi/)oocooocDtD(Dir)(Doooo)i/ioooor^c\joo«oo)0)oin 



T-T-T- *— 0>000h» 



f-O*'- •- CO 



.00»-«-»-00000000»-»-»-»-»-'-'-0'-0»-'>-'-T-^»-»-^ 



5 • 
E EE 



13 



as 



iS. 3 M a >. 



■g. 

^ <fl 



•5^ 

2 S- 



(oS 
.9-10 

■D 5 

<o e 

ill til I I 

CO c v V v N .2 .2 
r^cg«n'n>n:2'8'g^ 

^ *^^CO CO CO .jQ c C 

e«e9 29e£"^^ 

O y T> -O T3 T3 -O flS o o 

"o T} := o>.c .c x: .c .c b c b 

CQCQCQCOCQCOCQCQCOCOCOCQ 
XXXXXXXXXKXX 

XXXXXIXXXXXX 



^r 



<0 _ 

'e 

T E • 
c c c 

£■£■£« 



-£■£■£« 

u, O O 9 C 

« E E E 5 



fi X X X • 



• 

IS E 
E.!S 

g"8 



O 9 
CO 9 

T n re " 

C C 9 9 2 
CS CQ XX S 
9 StfXO? 
XX^"-'<M 



To 

c 

5 * re 



J5 T3 

5 re 

£ X 
9 Q 

o'O 9 •£ 



; V >.>.>.-5> 2 2 .c -c - 9 a> 

' 9 9 9 9 9 •= > O •= •£ p C 

: X X X X X 9 L. (Q re p ^ — 

wl99999Ua_-:-i5J5E 

2cXXXXX«J5>-J-re>.re 
9 *cocorir)ro i'J'9* >'9 >• 

IX X X ^ "T" X ^ X 
, 9«««(»i!>mc299+.9^9 

^ X u o u u o X X c Z X c X 



"O * 9 

_^J5 ■5 9 
2-£ ?Q 



E^ 

3 (A 

in b 



5 c .'Sot 

■5 JO e 9' g io 
>. >.'re re "■'«» 



glEo2t^S85i 

ii ¥ V 9 ■= 5 S'.c j: 3 u 
>■ c £^ c c X S 33J!1 ^ 

9 >.>>>.><';;'>. >N >.>« >. 

XXXXXC>JXXXXX 

B I X X X clTx X I X X 



D-33 



Appendix D 



U 



*!^ 



WS 



o o o o o o 

o o -^ o o o 

q p q o p p 

o) o CO to 1^ rj 

•^ in CO o> o> ■r- 

CO CO CNJ 



CM CM en lo i~~ 



o o o o o 
o o o o o 

o O lO CO o 
C> TT cvi •* 1^: 

CO «0 <D •^ 0> 

CO •^ o> 



O O O CM O 

in o •- >- o 

p CO p p in 

o o> o> m o) 



o oo oooooooooooo 

o oo oooooooooinoo 

o oo cviomoppppineqcMtp 

CO OCM 0)0>N-COff><nO>0>05^0K 



0) o 
Ltl 2 

— ^ '—* 
"Si « «5 

C= c c <0 
^ 3 -r; O ' 

o«a2cM 



>» e ® ^j: a 9^ 

g J go S.'V g 
S o 2 >> X >• " 

I :s I -o >.-D ^ 
Ci-i «ij.i 5-1 £i 

■A 'A rviZcoZ 



> 

■2 c^ 
P o • 

<0 O m 

■— o * * >; 



o 



« C ><; 
p « -D 

«v CM .e c 

E csi "^ X 



2c S 



, JS:55X£ .ni_:.i_-i-> 

«i^-|EEco^|E^>. 



Sis 



SJxxxc^PxPfc 



■>- Z im'VCM'* cvj'^r I 



E E.'S « 
X S E e 

>: -o X X 

T5 >.0 O 

-T ^ >• >■ 

cmcmX X 



% 



9 a 

c c 
o o 



a« 



9-^* V 

0.0) g « 
CM * CM ~ _L £ -i_L 

EiEi^S":Scv 



E>: 

^ (0 

ti 

%^ 

« 9-0 



za- 



* Zs 



m E 

c ^ "^^ - 

— 5 "O "O ^ 
o $ o o o 
^ c nj (D flj 
g- flj o o o 



•>->«Lp-s 



xSxx5>2«>> 
2*22 o"§,g S 



CM CM ■^ 'J- 



2 -c £ j: £ 

CO fll (0 TO (w 
V 1= c <= c 

Z CM CM CM CM 
>>>>>>>>>. 
X X X X X 

O O O O O 

■5 -o •5 -o -D 
>. >^ >. >. >. 

IXXII 
CO to T^ CO CO 



-li 
^.%% 

o V iS 
o >•£ 
™ 2 £ 

X 'n X 

S >.2 
tjX-o 

>. ' >. 
3CC.I 

^ CM O. 



• p 



X >• 

1 X 

a.p 

ax 



O O O O 

o o m o 

•«»■ O CM o 

o m o>co 
•*co o> 



o o 
o o 
o o 



o o o o 
o o o o 
o o o o 



o o o o o o 



^ Oi 0\ Oi o> 



o o o o o o 
o o o 
oo o 



o o o o 

o o o o o o o 
p op»- pp p 
r-^ oi<d ^ (doi 00 
^■^-^H/w/wj incoco^ mom i^uji^ i^ 
0)»* »-o>»— »— <o oo>^o> ^co 

8 

a> 
> m m m m co <d t^ r«- co r^ h- ^ m t^ j: co t co cmcm^ ^ 
>»-»-•»-■•- oooooo Oi-'i- o^ ©■^ o ^^1- 1- 



lo oo oo 
> o o o o o 

ICM oo CM O 



cm CO ■^ at 



r^ o CM eM< 



^ •^ CM CMm ^^ 



■2=- 
po 






UJ 



& 



t. I- * * m 
» » JS m i 

>.>.£q:!3 

S£ • 2£ • • « 
^ « E Q.3S w-^ 



P (0 
c " S 



3.21» . _ 
5t5e&.u!S 

?->. >.-o g o £ 



pp555^55'Vb-2 2 2'2^t?co-0 



EQ. 
^ O 



cm'E 

£■?. 



■ c c c >.>.>. >K : 



E 
2 

■OT) 

>< >. 

XX 



r? 



3^^ «- j-j-j'-lttoi's^^sixj-^^* 

i-2222222J'5-5'5'2 9B->-ee=r^>- 
2 "S-'S.'S.'S.'S.'S.'S. » 2 2 2 ^"e"S. >• 2 "S."?. 2x2 



XX Q.CLO.Q.^C 



E-o-D-ox:?-:?'3E.-o: 



Q.n XXXcMh-r^ XcM^XcoX 



eg 

CQ.3: ■; 

zCt 



I g o 



E ■2 TJ 
«> ^ o 

o .U y 

c ^r — 



-o « « 

CM '^ ^ 



■5 £ S •» 
>..2 >>p 
X 10 X ^ 
2 « P.3 

1 1 <S I g X -^ 



9 p 2 

P-D QL 

p g.p 



^ c ^ 
O t £ 

3 •£"= 

<A := <n 

E P E 

= w E w S m .SJ .U 
•«:,•.« gg-cc 



p (0 

= «» 

in E 
!3J 



fas 



s 2^>." " - 

"0'r- = »-Pi"CC'S>. 

>-_L P_;.a£®«?£ 
x: >.^ >, <5 (D -o -o fc (5 

^osoEo-c-c-cg 
>-P R o^ >.>•>• >-5. 



.zt: 



(A 



2^^ ^ ^ 



E-¥.E 
z z 



V ^ V m — 1 
>» P >.5 CM • 



^£g£p2t-o^-o2i 

X^ ^ ZXXX-- 



D-34 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



ii 



ooooooooooooooc*>ooooooooooooooooooooooocnmooo*-*-ooo 
oo^inooooooooiooooooooooooioooooooooooooooooinooooocM 
ootor^cMcoocsJoooi/>r^oooooi/)OOO^cr)<£)OOOOoocoooioo^i/>f^'-;^^o>c*50oooh*r^ 



^6 




^•S TO « >^0 * O « • — 

o 5 -z^-B £ 0.2 -c 

ir >.>>>.>.>.c C 

gCCCCCjOTO 

ciStotAcocniocov) 



— ^^_^«^»_^^JzJ2^.^^^^^^ — — — i^^ — — — — — ^C*) — Z — — ^ 



Q. Ql o 



OOOO OOOOO l/)'90 

oooo o» o o o o r^t^o 

poop -r-pppip PP'-. 

por-r- ^ ■^ c^io r- eoeoui 



oooooooooo o o o oo o CO m o o o oo o o o o o 



oooooooooo 
■vooiooooooo 
^rJobcvirjcNJcvJO'tuJ 



*S 



oooooo>-o>o o o oo ooooo 



oor--.r~.u3a3iD^»-iD o o or- r-oonrj 
CM •- CM c\j c\j CM c\j o (/>'-•-•- in <o (o p) ir> 






lo ^ ^ lo CM r- «o CD (o c^cncn ^ 

»-^»-»- »- O O O O ••-'-O •- 



CMM(OC0in<O^C0CO(O 

»-»-oo»-oo»-oo 



o 




s 



i! 



■5 
cr-r- 



E 
a 

■e 

Rl 

_ « ^ 

IK X 



1 



o ^ 
5^£ 



3 .= .= -r u u u 

c2J 21S 



"One 
E f * CM o _ 

■S-gSSo" 
^Ji^A CL-2 



C3) S 



» a; ' 



(0 _ m T3 
a 5 ™ >-o 

<S >-i S 0) ,> 



8) o 6" 0?ra?" 
£ '^ c ra 



c m -<<' c E jg 
c c c 2 2 



D-35 



Appendix D 



li 



05^ 



5S 



oooootoooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 

OOOOW»-OOOOOOOOC\JO^OOOOOOOC\JOOOOOOOOOOir)00'-000000000 

ooooc)pooppr-oui'VC\jinc<5«0'^uiCNjcoc)encopo>oooopnopiDo<ooooooc»)oooo 
odo)Oc\i<b»-obc)ood»-er)c>»-<b^uS^^o>o)oc^iuSoo^o>o)ot^^o>CJC^i'— cococboN^irio 
co{0^r«.o>CToot^coo>^<oocsioi^r^mc>jc\jcor^o>cococ\j«ocoi/)cO'-coo'<rr»coo><Difiooh.r^'^<Dr5oomt^ 

O O O 0> CM '-CM O »-»-»- "W lO 1^ 0> 0> CO CO 00 I- Irt ■^ '^ 00 ■* lO CO U1 CM CO ■^ lO IT) IT) Ul <D 

COC0eOlOCMC0»-CMCMT-C0O>eM»-h»eMCMCSJCMCMCMlrtlOCM«MlOCOU>«O<Oinirt«DlrtCMCMCM<D00CMCMCMC\JCMCMi-CNJir) 






a 



• >. 

■5 X 

0.0 — 
.<2^ O 

mo a 

III 

9-Q-9- 

O 9 w 

c c c 

'>s">.">. 

Ca.Q.CL 

2 S 2 

Q.Q.Q. 

o o o 

^ JO JO 



osz 

'■tz a 
o E 

« T 
O'- 

CM CO 



c 5 

n o 

2l.£ 

(0 CO o 

-2 y E 

ill 

Q.Q.Q. 

22 2 
aca.a 

to (A « 



O (0 



>.Q.a 
E " o 



Q.Q.C1 

2 2 2 

0.0.0. 
OT (A 9> 



2 >• 

S C « 

•E • n 

>.>.o >. 
o.o.>: a 

228-2 

O. 0.10 O. 

88" 



n 



^■D _ 

o « <5 mis 
£ o "o « 
EcEc" 
m n u m o 
■2 £ I a.E 

£ « Bj 2 E 
• >>E 9-« 

;z= O X — C 
^ O O-O <" 

_ • ac 0-5 « 
fi^«-i2E- 

A «^ U O U U 

■JSJ^ c n> "O ™ <o 

> ^ 0> k- k. k„ h. k_ 

O. O to It) 10 (Q (0 

O — O O Q o o 

O.O.OT M V) M Xi) 

(A 9) <A W si 10 9) 



n 
u 

tl 

ifi.i|lli 

_ o E "i.i"? » 

iS-2 g"2'8"''~ 
I w £ o Q-.sa T 5 



T3 C 

"O w o * ^ 



■^^£«S'-g2.2S'5i«2 " 

L H< At m T- Mt m u ^^._ 



X c 
(0 O c 
E ® 3 

(0 C.2 

£e§ 

a)j5 g 
■9 >-P 
= 0-5 
o o JS 

^tt 

•£* 

ffi (dS 

■J.E5. 

i ><? >< 

E ^5- <^ 

8&0:§. 



^^^°E 
I • a n.3'^ 
.2 .Q .S «■ m « 
m 75 « 5 2 y 

£££s a-s 



p ■S; o 10 _- ® ■ 



00000000000000000000000000000 
OOOOI/)OOOOOmOOOC0OOOOOOCMOOU)OOOO 

o CM CO o 'T- o 01 o o ir> (^ a> o o o> o o o 

<bKir)(b^Kt^o>ob<binoai 

<o^oo(OCMCMcviir>r^(oa>u) 

•-»-l« 000000^0)00 




S2J3-J 3 

_i_jeol2._i 



y.y.u 

3 3 3 



y .y .y 

3 3 3 



ra (0 (0 n) CO (Q 



ooooooooooooocoooooo 

ift<^r-»r^r^i-»*-»ON-0000*— 000»-0 

OCMOOOO'lOOCMCMO 

CMCJCOON.'^lft^'J-tbcbO) 

v'# 1-^ \-j ^-j uj i^ <D CO 0> CD 00 ^ ^ C> f^ O O »— 

0000 irt cocomoocM^ o o> i-^co 



•Ox 

f^ 

CD 9 

c c O.C 
SS X 0>c 

.c j= .S E 
0000 

CO CO (O </) 



-o-o 
E u 

io 

y 3 (0 
is g O 

o mc 

o >«■•= 

c c 

m nj. 

c c 



15 



5- 
■922 

O-L j- 
.C >.^ 

. «5 C 

.--9 « 

00 ~ 



<0 

2 I 

(0 g 

1° 



CO <0 
<0T5 

c c • « 
Cm — o 

<o g c_ 
<o * ™ >« 

o-5"^o 






CO 



'. c 

ffl T- O 



To E 



™ CD-g <0 ™ ™CO'^ J2 °§ 

ooOOOOOOOOOOOOo6wwww«wwwww-v. — ----- 
<2J2i2J2i2*'**A(0<o<0(0<0(0(OfO(0*o<oto*ococo<0(0<o<o<o«0(o*oinwtot/) 



fxcccccc 

X O ® <D O <D 9 

^^TQ.aaaacx 
ooooddooooooo 

<0(OfO(0<0<0<0(OCOfO(0(0(0 



o (0 n] (0 CO ® (0 
Q jc ji .c jc c a 
.c£ 2 Jc E 2 9 
a Q. a. Q. Q. Q. Q. 

0000000 



ECi2o 
3 !2 2-5 

>.>.co CO 



O (0 



<» o 

0000 



r- O • w O O C 

E o >.o:i.c5 

_- c c o <J .2 <o 

iE^oo^^l 
£ JO g.j: • ^2 •£ 

™a:=sif5g:S:.? 

— ->.>.>.o--^ 



^ ^ 2 2 d 
oaoooQ-ao 
• - ■ 005^ 

o-^' o o 6"" " o 
Irvico^ 



I CO to ^1 CO CO CO , 



D-36 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



h 



ioiop'-oc)o>'»ooooppc\ir>-pioc\jtnppoqpcjo 
• cooioo in<0'i-i«ioirtinioirtioiftir)in>n'««o?. ■*«2^:: 



ooooooooooo 
ooooooooooo 

00l/)0000000>0 



o o o o o o 
o o o o o o 
o o m o u) o 



CO CM CJ O) ■n O 

cJiifliof^'- toio'nr^S-KtMCMOCMCMi/iCTCjr-* to 



iSS! 



00»-'-»-»-'-»-000 



W2 



=ls 



cc> • 



II 



E« 



M E 



s E 
n 3f 

ii" 



IS 



Si 



• (0 = ' 



:oIe5 2-2815 

^EyOcO>2w=0 



• E 






•o o 

2= >. 

• « • • * 

■a'? 2.2 2 



88 

3 3 
« « 



III 



^8 



♦r2g.2 5ccccccccc_ 

— S«iA3333333333S 

Tcccccccccccccg 
£ E c c ■£ 'c c c c c c c c c E 
.2*.2*.S'.2*.S*.C.2*.0*.2*.B*.B*.S*.S*.5Pij 



9 n 3 
« E " 



<0 « 



B t " w w c 

Sao 

.^ «= o 

10 >•« 

^O n 
« O a 
c c c 



SS5 

oo'o 
c c c 



o • 

«l (0 



(0 • 

5 8« 



£ « 

o£ 
= o 



^1- 



t -c >>S S • 
• J2 c S « -2 « 

• o| E E E E 

<n ^ O 3 3 3 3 
« 8_-g :£ £ £ S 



3 3 3 3 3 S 



■D-O 

c c 
(D n 

5 5 

I OIO>c 

- - 3 






u.u 



<o_ 



28»-i52i^ 
a n c M v> c jj; 

S E E E E-d:S 
« • 3 3 3.3 u 

c i ? ? ? ? y y 

*^ .X o> O) O) o>~ — 

(Q(QtQffifO(Qff(0 

22222222 



OOOOO OOOOOOOOQOPP O P O O P 0(00 O p O Pp O Q eOO O O p po CM o o ^ in to 

ooooo poSrooiniooopoS eo op ppON.opppPoS5i-porM o oom o oronro 

Ciipp^o 5^, ocMoocNjCM^inooo o>MoiApoKopppppoooppppppppoppp 

r^r^iti^ m jbjbVui^oioirtrioijoi^ oio6l^)0^p^^V«^-^»^p«bt^dl/i^rtuSo^-0)•-'-'-'»r>>■'r»ir>>."^^ 

^ h> CO (O ^ r<>0> ^ Oi 00 epop ^ ^ moi Q> ^o>0i n. ocoP p Oiactf^O ^ ^ '-r^ oo oooo o>o o ooeoeooo oo 

iniAiniAiA '»c\i S> 95 eMO>o> ^ift«or<-«o»-«r«.i>»in^«-j;j;^ooooo»-»-ooooo 

CM c\j c\j eg u) CM m CM in CM ^ ^ CM CM irt tn in oocmio inminin^ in win inj ^ jt n 5 n 5 n ^5 5 ^ ^ 5 ^ ^ 



Si::: 
• • 

.2.2 

oca: 



(0 (0 



.U .S^ .U .U 

T» m 1/i Xi! _ — 

■c t cc • >> 

eeee|-2 



?8 




1 



T5« * = 



10 <o a a — 2 -£ 

3 3 3 3 3 2i.t3 



|-|tltl||llllsl|1p|l1l 

eSttt>t>t>tt^£-tg£-2-a-2-ol-o-o-o-OT)8 

3_J3333333333S3A AA«)mR)nl<0<0(S3 




»-CM»- "-^ •- 



III 



S3 2 
cdSco 



IOQs333333 



388 

^ _._ 3 33 

(0 (Q (0 <0 Q ^r* (Q'(0(On)(QfO(OIO(On)<B (09 <p<^Q}999i9<p<p<D<p<p9<i><B 



•OTJ 



•-COO 
O C C C 
CM > » J 

• 922 

300 0)0) 

.u k. h. ». 

>. 3 3 3 
3s x: 3= : 

I S 3 3 3 



in CM >- COCO PI 
c c c c c c 

$09900 
Q 9 9 9 9 9 

(£00066 

3 3 3 3 3 3 



888888 

3 3 3 3 3 3 



D-37 



Appendix D 



u 



to^ 






•^oooouio oooo ooooooooooooooooooooooooo 

c\joooor~*o oooo ooooooooooooooooooooomooo 

ooooo'^in 0)000 ppqoqppoooiooi^pcnpppoppoej>ocoo 

ioo6oob«-'-''r »-^o6N^c\i o>'«j-ino>ot--i'*iouScri'*'o»-'»-^o)'-^iricouSo>iO'-^c>ii^cb 



oooo 
oooo 

O 00 o o 



^ f\J Irt CO •* IT) to CMCMCNJIAin 



o »- ^ r- 



5 « o 
n E.E 

= O N 



:S2^ 

A 2 S. a « o s 
>. o 2 c E « E 

E o • 2 ^ o -S 
o-£TQ.o02my 

m * 2 2 mffl'2 — 

^EooSooJ^n 



01 "O 

:s o 

E 



8 9 (D 
C C 

■5 E E 

Q 9^SS 

t-M •? ? 

j: o tj E E 



10 












m 

(0 






a 






E 






w 






3 • 




8 






Is 




(0 








o 








•5 






?2 




<0 










8 

o 






■o E 




c 






C 3 




10 






W;= 




^ 






, ^ 










— o 




V 






li 




E 






lie acid,do(j 
lie acid.mo 
nie acid . . 
nyl chloride 
iH-indene- 

thetic 

1 bromide 


- a 

:« 

■ 9 

■ « 

• E 



i « o o _ 

~X(0(0 m^^^^^^ 



c c 

o o 

CO (0 

(3 ra 

« o 

c c 



, c • « 
o >>.£ c 



o o 

11s"-1e 

o «^ o-s n 
•^ c^ - c c c 



(0 A 



c * 
E ° 
iE 



O CO .cc 

^ O O 

S2S 



"O 9 



« c 

O 10 

E2 

ill 

». m <" 

SS-e 

cc 2 
-9.9 Q 



E- 









® IS h^ <D O <D 



X X S X S £ E 

O O O O O m o 

■B-B-B-B-B^ c 
9 s a 9 c < o 
222ZS£^E 



X "C 

o a 

£ JC 

« o 
.- E-;, 
0-C-tM£ 

|£5^8«8S' 

« • o >• >> ra So 

>• E £ wS 

■o o t? •-=£ 



Q) Q> 9 

Z S S ^ 6 6.^ eg c\j 



-- _ -, X U 
. „ »£ o o o 

^ >> . > • • • 
c\j eg »^cgcti 



oooo ooooooooooooooooooooooo 

ooooooooooooooooooooooooooo _ _ 

oot^oo ooooooooomtoooooifioooiooifto o r««oop«^t^«)»-CM'-pppocooop 

S"»-^p>;o) y-^aiieiaiaidf^t^aic^c^t^dc^eidomcoaidui'^ tv! Nl^dcJobodoboddd'-^'^oiobdddcsJri 

»-^iO t^cOJOOOtoKoocMOOtocDtooeomco oooicooo o oinmiooooO'-'-'-o^mcootcom 

»- ^» ifl Tt «D cc r^ CO !>>• r* •- o m 't tt 00 CO «D t to o ^ t •* oo <o »- •- o o '-•-'-'-•-•-'" ^ id <o co 

mcviin^ irtir>co'»miO(OiocococDCDcD<DcDcDn^oo^^cD«D t^ r»«t>»cor»r^i^h»r^r^i^«omi/50>o>cno>in 

^•.-»-^ ^^.©'-•-'-'-••-OOOOOOOOO'-O'-'-OO O 000000000000'-»-00»-0«- 



9 9 
•OTJ 

(0 (0 O o 
O O "*: 

• «;^-5 
(0 (0 (0"T 

Z220 




S E 

0:i 



^2 



•1. CNJ 0> C C <A ^ 
</) CO CO CO (A CO </) 

c c c c c c c ' 

0>0>0>0)0>0>0)C 
cccccccc 

22222Z22 



■5 • « eS 

f- <0 (0 — rt 



S 2 



9 P 



2 55:u 

w QD CD O 

2222 



222 



^ E • 
CO <o^E 
-^ - S-^ 
• <" B-O 
E 28°- 
« a o o 

V • • <g 

2S o_ 

(0 <o CO £* 

E E E g 

_ 5£5x5 

e*~~ o O O O 9 C 
C C C C C 'g 

I E E E E E S 

Qj JQ (0 W fO (0 CO 

2222222 



11 



_1 (D OU- C . 



Mm 

p 



O) CO^ 

1.1 S 

S--6 g 
8 ot'n 



■9 ^j5 o o o o 
o —"CO (0 CO 3 
-c 12 :5 S j: £ £ -J 






2 6. 



o2««=,»T..sty 

S;.S=9of i^5^o8!^Soooo8 
^oo--5«>om <P iH£ To-D 9 9 c c c c 2 

CO CO cb f «? T ? § o -^ g § B.a.B.B.tt. 

« a a , a a 9 Q.^ ££Sou9«aoai 
2 2 2 9-2 22»^^-^^ "^-^ •^^^<«>«:-e 



^22 * * ® 



22222 



(b. Q. Q.'D h. ii. cb.^ -o-L-!.222rgrgrgKi(\i 



D-38 



Syntheiic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



u 



to« 






W)S 



o o o o o 
o o o o o 
p q CO q o 
00 oi d ^' CM 
o o •* •^ 



lO o o o O >-f\J 

CO t CO o o o ■.- 

■^ •.- ^ o o o o 

in in iri d ^ t-' c\i 

tf> <o «> •wr ^ <o 

•V ■* ^ C\J 00 CO »- 



oomooooo 

OO"-©©©©© 
0>00<MOCOOO 



rv o o o o 
m o m o o 
O O ID o ■•- 



o o o o 

o o o o 
c\j o m o 



'»-'^tMOC\ito»-oo 000)000'- »-«3inin 
CM eo <o o«) o »- o •- in tt CO »- •- r-~ «3 oo 

r- ■r- .- CO O f O >- TJ- o *- >- ^ 



oo o 

in o o 
•- o o 

Tt Tt iO 
00 CO <o 
O O CO 



cvjcommh- co^f^cNjinm^m c^r^incom mcocvj^t co com^ 



Si 






E nj5 >. 

I'^'^^S^ctj gcM 

ZiT-O-O-2 £.52 <B 
— — _ — — r. tjO-rj 



.1 

-i >• 

I" 
I 8 

--. O J-. 

>. E >> 

£ E£ 

O (0 ® 



>.><■>. ><">.-° m-°S 

x: £ £^^ ^ _- ^_- ^ 
• • o ® *^^^2 

OZc^ZZZ 2 



CM^^ CM 
•i2 S".!!! ffl 




O >,^ >.o >,-fcfc 



Z^'^E^st^Bll^ : 

i >. >.'7 o -r >>i5 >"0 "^ • w 
£ £ >K = >.£ >.■£ >.>. >.2 2 
* *'£(n£ *£ *'£'££(<i« 

' "^ ScmZcmSZZcm 



' *? -r f - 

ZcM cocoZE 



1 

n 

c X 

--. -E* 
« « nj o 

E8S|2r 

c o* oZ 
>> G" g- >. * ^ 

|£|-|il 

OZEZE r>j CO 



c t? 



■§£ «-^ 

C CM ^ I 



™ « O >> 

^.' E £ 5^ C 

;-- » >. * o > 

>-S £ 2u 2 

" « «■? »■? 

a a.(M -c CM 

<5 g-e-^ oco s 
2 >>>•>• ® >--S 
c<,£££-c:£ (5 

^^ <j) <p (D Q. <p O 



o >. 
£ ^• 

« CM p 

.5£ >. 

■ i::5 c 

54.EO 

°-2£i§ 

c:>£ = c -p- 
9?^ S o 



TJ r» "*'. ^ S 
>•_■•* (0 ^ 
52 — "3 

•O >,CM O M 

® i « ™ • — • 
2i^2 



o^ino»-qqco 
iriooNicoduSoico 
CMOinintoeoom 
T- •«- o oco »- 



mS 



U 



■^r^oO'-eoO'-h^ooooooor^oooO'- 

co<DCMn^uS^^^d^'odcorJin*'dddcoo)0) 

inf^i>»inincMr-incMCM»-^oinocMcno>»-'-»- 

•- »- ^ 40V-CMO ocor^cgn^'^ 



t^f^ini^N-ininK<D<ocoininr«.mincMinininin 

00»-00'-'-000'-'-'-0'-»-»-»-»-'i-»- 



OOOOOOO OOOOQOOOO 

goooooo r^inooooooo 
qqooqco 0'-co»-;C\jqpN.oq 
obd'-Jor^incM r-id'Ti^dooodoood 
cjJt^r^mmr^h- in'-u3in»-t^r--.f~-r- 
•»r o o o O) •- t >- o o o o 



_ 2 
c O 



E • 



2 E £ a> -c 
? eg. 

£ S££2 S£2 •§. 
CM2cM<MZ2Trco •- 



^\ 



m . r 

Q._ O O 



C* 



t; • 



CM c» Q- Q- S • ? E 

^« >.>.RjC-^0 

>< £ « » ">. E ■5..0 
.£■^"■51.0.™ a IS 
1^2 92 >-9.E 
Si» 9-9-9-P9-E _ 

>< ^■^ f CM £ •»» J5 "O 



i<;i322222 o o 

C02cMCM»^C0CVl22 



£ • 



• E ? « 
S o t >■ 
« 2 c o 5 o 

1222e5^ 

» O « iS ^^ ^ 
CO >» TO ^ W *J^ (TJ 

£-2 ■^■^ ■£ -£ £ 

flP flP , CP 9 CD 

2z2Vr222 



if 

« J5 



ES 

till 

gislES, 

<= c E E.C 
E c n> E z » 

£ £ £ £ ? 
22c<i22 



n CL 



« 



« 



fl5 .^ 



00 . — :; 
;iJ <B- 0-* 
C C o S 2 " 

>.>.■£ •£ c ^ 
£ £ J? c J5 ® 

22£ >.£^ 

■ ■ <» ^ (T £ 

S.5.2 o 2 ffl 
CM CO ci2 cm2 



c o 



C J» B C C 

o 0-555 
E y N j: J= 

^ 3.5 (0 <J o 

w _ E 2 ?£ i: >■ >- 

•?i5«Soooo 

£t^>-^££££ 

©^^^JH (D (S 9 © 



D-39 



Appendix D 



^•s. 



C02 



ll 



toa 



OOOOOOOOO'-OO 

oooooooootoo 

OOinU1lf)C\JO<DOOOCD 

c\iodoJ'^'r~-^ooo)r-.' •»)••<»■»-' 00 



c\j o o o o 



o o U) 
(OOJCvj 



oo 
cocvj 



oooooooooooo 
ooooooooinooo 
looinooocopi^copp 
cors.'c\icr)c\i'^'<b<bcjc\i'^eo 
^•.-»-h>.ooo>c\j«>«)f-»o 

OJ'- ^ ^ ^ O •*'-•-'- •- 



oooooooooo 
ooiooooinoooo 
oqipoqqcNjqr^qp 

t--.r--o>«ja)'^a>r~a>«) 
■V o> c\j •-'-•- o> O 00 



CO CO r^ ^^ CO ^ 
1- .-oo •i-O 



o ■ • * 
o * 10^ 






CNjC 



■o^o 



~ >.>.>.>, 



• -2 5 -^ i: "^ 

|1 I 

* ^ t c «o •- 
ff C ~ Q.O o^ 2 O 

Et55 o^£ 2 . fe 
J>.|| E EE >.wo 



N 2 



S^E^E 2^ 
9JS.W <5 <5 



■£— • 
n o-o 

>."0 (0 «2 
>>E = S^ 

X (Q lA n 



« 3 






o 5 i2 

Om $£ 
c u o a 

!2c\j2L3 
c e^.S 
2 c 

fiiiiil|i|litl|l!l 



_^o c 



nj"0 



r5s%rc?i|ES-r. 



n c 

c 3 2 o 

1=6 « <» 

"-"S"il.9 



3 o Q.P O c « 
Ql9. 



(oiliJ 



■£ *££'££^£ E 

Q 2 O O (D ^ ^ ^ (0 

Zc<j2ZZZzE 




lAOCOCNJOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 



r^ooooooooo 
o>oooooooooo 
o>oomou)oo^oo 



floc5i/>r^^floo^o>iooo5»-»-»-o«Mco«o^in«oco cooor^coio^r<.cgo 
«-^<ocs^i/)o>o><oo>ocoo>a>a>ioa>(or^h>h~-CMa> (D^-mo><-oo(ocM<o<o 
'-■^^'-cuco o^rxcMOOO O'r-oxnoioo »-o^flor^»- flo»- 



^^ r- ^ ^ 
OClJCO »- •- 



coinirtcocM'^aimt^N- 



E • 
Z P 



3= • 

Ie^ 

3 3 CO 
- S ' S <" P 

"oj : ? 2 3 

8>>o :Eo.8 
• f^ Erss 

$ >.'o'~ c * " 
?-£.iE=5«« 

■* • ei5 a E E 
iiSll-E^^ 




5 »>.s 
» • o 



= 3 >..^S'5 

22ESfS|>.|^g.|§5| 



o— ■ 

EE 
•■§. 



E_ 
.S * 
*§ o 

s • 

« E 
-S « 

'E^>> 
« c£ 

T5 2S9-^ 

=■=■0 




= 2 

JO 3 

.$£ « 
2.2 o 

18 5 p 
^*^ X^ i?^ 



■»2 SL>.« 3 :=oiSl 






s^S.'O-fiJo • 



d o 



m r- ^ -C -— ' m 



8.1 



2 a2 421^!. 



cm2 
eg CO 



o 2 
2 ;t- 



D-40 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



(OS 



«:S 



299200000000000001000000 oo 
oooooooooooocMOOommooooir) oo 
qppuiococopop'<j-pi^pooo)0)oor^i«'^ >-;« 
oo»cooc\i»-o6t~^obir)odrjodc\JT-^c\icioco»-^ff>^ ^-^uS 



nrt ■>- ^ m 



v^ WW u/ 1^ I'* VJ UJ V>J UJ U^ '^ ^ S'J I'J ^^J fj ui w» ■ 

o CO »- to rj n CO r^ PJ CM CO CO ■* CO CT« I 



oooo o o o o o o o o o o in oo o 
oooo o o o o o in c\j o CM o 5 o ui vn 
^ppp co'-oinoo^pinp'^. ooTfoc) 

csjv-*-^— T-^-'-^r^ cocNjmu) 



00 C\J rr T CM 



in CM r^ in l/> (O (C (O (O (O (O lA m CM CM (M CM CM CM CM CM CM CM in CM CM CMCMCMCM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM 
t- ^O •-»- O oo O O O '-»-'-»- '-•^ »-»-»-»-'- r-*- »- »- »- »- ^ ••- ^ T- ^ »-»- ^ »-»-»-»-•-»-•- »- 



&I 



K E <5== ? • 2 

E Q^ c.c Si « 
g ;g >. > > g- o :2 

^E ^ Q 9 (]) Q 

22cmZZ222 



u a o W 

m — £ in 
3 O Q • 



in 
« 

X a. 
-I 

• E 

e|& 

w S E 
c o a 



« « £ 

>wcx: 
X ao 

5Se 

•■§.12 
« a o <S 

E e E S 

EEEc 
n R) CO 9 



"2^ 
• « 
n o 

X ™ 



ǤE 

■D «=o 
* 5 S 



a. ojs ™ (0 « « 



=s'8.x« 

■g.x2'g"g'8^-g -g-g 



= '^ ? 
« (0 £ ■ 
o-o • « 



9 R) 

• S 



•^ m * 






1-1 til 

^ n " w " 
S S X o X 



.9>. 
-o ■n'D X 
9 9 >'0 

■>.">.2 * 

X X m J," 
o o c ■s 

£ £ E ™ 
9 9 _o ^ 

_-_-~ v> 

Q O O-^ 

e c c o 

9 9 9 £ 

j: .c j: 9 
5:5:5:0. 
— >. >. >.— 
JO jc je jc >■ 
>. (0 <o <o -= 



<0r= 
S O 






= ?= 9 » 
si 9.E c 

«E " S E 

I o 2 o >. 

|||«& 

>.£ « V 9 
JC 9 Q 9 c 

« ^ S-i: 9 

*^ .99999^ 

" (ojij:.c.c.c>«S_5 " > s 
« .c a a a a a© 2 o - "o /. 

™ c^ a. a a a a^ •" =■ Jo " S 
, o ■5.>.>.">.>.>« <o >..5'-£ .i -g ■ 

£j£J£JJJ£J£JS-DJ£^.a.c io 
2(o<ora(0(0(09io"'(0(0o 

■p'p-p-D-0-?~"0'§T5'DT)- 



tUi 



9 9 9S 
X X X ^ ,- 



•s a 9 



^onin^co'^coo 

<DCM(OTr^(0^(0(0 

oooo in'- •- CO 



o in in 00 o 00 

flb OCO '-^ OCM 
»- CMCMCM ^ »- 



o>o>or^inooooo o<- opppp 
(dcdcooDoiodd'^od inin ihco^incb 



* ^<ocooo< 



O) ^" ^- O CO CO »- 



o o o o o o o 
o o o o o o o 
CO eg CO n n o>co 
•-'•-' d ^ d o> in 
O n CM •- CMwr^ 
r^ <o ^ T- ^ ^ ^ 



cocococo CO in cm cm «d in in in in »- r<- m co co oo m m m cm 




E.CJCO >>o£9 
IS ■s c o ~ ~ ~ 



- C 9 c 
(0 o E 9 



o^tltii-ilF"^^ 



^ ^ S'c Q. Q. a-£ 

£:£2-g2>j£££?£:§:i3 a. >.^ ^ t "§;- >^"i;- s^^ > 
'IT .^ zZz2 'f CO < '^ ^>^CMco 2z z2cm22t^222 



c ~— *= « ■= » 

A — _ ^ <o .— n ■— 

i-^:5 0-; J X * 



22 

O (0 



9£££9^-g£ 

6222ZZ 2 



»! <0 
95 « 
CO CM E 
= — ^ D 

c -2 <J 

"5 " 

' 9 .3 

O — 9 

§;£.£ 



as 



II 

9 c C 

E I o 

Si 2 

§oS|f| 

9 -0 3 ™ T tC 

o (0£ gOco" 

« CD CM £ £ ■>, 

>. >-■>.">.■>.—. 
.C .C .C .C .C 9 



I>-41 



Appendix D 



U 



cos 



«2 



ViZ. 



ooooooooor-^oorooooooooooooooooooooouiooooo oooo 

ooooooi/)OOf~~oooooooooooooooooooooooc\]ooooo oooo 

ooir)oooo>ooooooooooir)ooqooomoooooo>oooO'-mir)oooo oooo 

^'cioiuiodoi'-^citvi'TrT^cviood'^'cvJiO'-^^cvicriO'.-'oicoo'^rN.'oioduSo ^ duo -^ 

■<»^'<»-ocor>.coi^oof^oo'^iO'^Tj-oc\jtMc\jcor~-ioo'«#ujtO'»-a3cO'<-f^t^c\jir>'-c^'-r- ^^t^.,j- 

cvjm CO o o ■^ ^ 00 00 00 00 00 00 •<»■•-■>- •- m cotO'-»-m t^ooo^-n co oo^-»- 



c C o 

</)</) 9. 

= 



>M0 

CVJ •• 



» ?^"« ^ 






£ c c c 



n (0(o o 

« "^"^ 
c»o>S S 

E £ o o 



:e:e:e c S 



o >.2o 2 21=1 
a£ m CD O O > > 
o ® ^^ *- 
,2 E ^ 5 



c c c c 



ccccciitrt: 



S ® M 

m "O " 
"£^ 

.9 3 i 
c <2 c 

Ot3 « 
" « N -Q 

8l|i 

0>Q. 9 T> 

(0 flJ-^-i 
tn a o « 1= ~ c 

Q. Q. Q. Q. O o S 



li i^ Ji^^lilliiiliiiii^i^i^^^^^^^^^ 



2 2 



.2 « 9 

S i-o T) o 2 :: nj (0 
w-Soo o o ?•• ® 

£ £ iS i^ i^ S> >•i>i•i^ o : 

8 S .i2 .52 .12 .S2 .52 .52 .52 .12 O ' 



0£ 



w o 



n re 

0)0) 



CT3 . = 2 

.= £ •"-". 

"O ffi ® ® Q) 
O c c c c 

to ;= _® ^ ^ 

- " T re re,. 

( a Q. Q.Q.Q.S; 

I re re re re re "^ 
IZZZZZ 



5 

■o -; ■ "> 

U (8 

rex: 

.y o 

X re 'o o 
O - n re 

re m c c 
o " o o 

■r J m ffl 
« «n S S 
re *^ « 
£ ffl re re 
j:-= x: j: 

^-£ re re 
<o reZZ 

C\j"Z CM»- 



OC\J 
CM O 



ooinooooooo 
ooir>or--o>oooift 
OT-ooooino>oi/>oo> 
r^»-^t^co<bo)0 0'-^«> 



r- o o o o o o 

oo o oo »- o 

o o »- mo oo 

r-i r^ r-.' ob r^ r»^ oo 

00 CO CO ^-00 00 CO 



i><-i^ 



CO 



o o oo «- »- 

(b odcNJcococNJ 

h^ r^ CO CO CO *— 

CM CMCMCMCtJCM 



o o 

oo 

f^co ooooopco 

iri't-^ r^ o> r^ 00 '» o CO 

'^t>> oomoor^ooo 



(O 



CMin CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM Irt CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM 



COCO lAOO 



CM CM CM CM CM in lA 



tl 



re;; c 

gs8 

0*0) 

•tree 
-^ |-o E 



*; re 

re^" - 

•^ 'p nj nj nj 

(0 CO (O" 



2re'!5™-S^-S 



® re 



woo 

">.■>>■>. 
000 



tf) 9 to <o (/> <n u) 
re ^ re re re re 'g 

:<AXQ.KX><><X 



Es 



to _^ 

£. ^re relo 

o « S S S ^ .. 

j= n V A o '- o 

® O w w O O O 

K >< X X K Q. K 

iS22i22 2 



re re 
^£ 
ao. 
to to 
o o 

^£ 

aa. 
■D-D 

c c 
n re 

a^ 
'm'n 
>.■>• 

X X 

« CD 



_re 

P 
fire 

a. CO 

■D-D 

c c 
re re 

"8 "8 

X X 

O O 
O CD 



00 

|;588^188 :|| ill 

o»-s <"<'<o«<renfrerefrere 

reretoreretorere 

c c c c c c c 



« 8 
to^ 



^^■D^^-D^^ 

a>oo®®owo 

XXAXXIAXX 

22 22 22 



:*:E 

i re « 
! «o o 

I ^ re 

I tn .^ 

('•d'-d' 
) at 9 
I ■S ■S o 



JO J2 JO 3 rj 

8^^ « 5 

re re re o JS 
re re re re u' 



■5 ^ -D -D -D -D -D 

X X X X X 



; « 



2 2 



2222 



a,™ 
C"<rt 
re p 

o^ 

2^:2 

to o u 
o X re 

2 



S€ 

* « 

^CM 

o-o 

« o 
0-5 



c re 
^1" 

= -D- 

rec 

-O-D 
« 
X X 

22 



I EEoOO 
re o o 5 "D oi 
^^"glE-g 

to •= m= 9 £ 

-d22 re « * 

S'S =^ >• ~ 
re to to w = o 
>^ - - c re 
c J2 J2 " .U OT 
■2 5 ©•'So 

^ ® ® O W ? rt 

5355 2 S-8 
re re re o>.„ re 
C 9 (B o — o .^ 
2 CJic3)Cji2 c o 
to o o 9 s CO to 
10 > > > 5 S 5 

2-D "D-D-O 5 5 

aa> (B 9 a ^ ^ 
X X X X X X 

222222 



D-^2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



u 



(/>2 






W)« 



OOO-^OOOOO 

ooooooooo 
<Dh-oomoooo 

CVJC^J'-lOCOOOOI-CO 

- m t-^ r^ <o CO 00 



CTOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCnOOCOOOOCOOlOOOOOOOOOOOCM 

r^oooooooooooooooooooooooooouiooooooooo 

OOC\I0000000000000ir)00U1000<£>0'^0'-00000000C\J 

»-»or^ir)fOirtoot^oooooooor^r^ooooooo>o>ooooouiCvj'-'---inoo'-iDCjf\)(\jfo 

"- •- CO >- ^ •* ^ »- »- T- ^ ^ T- CM C\J CM CM CM ^ »- CM CM eg ■«» Tj- C\J ■* CM OJ CM C\J 



■S2 

O >£ 



88 



>. >«'c c 

® S S o 
zzzz 



T3.E 
O) c 

III 

(0 (0 ™ 

.c.c-5 

O O JC 

ro m o 

zzz 



re 



in 



re K n 
X •V 
2 = CM 

* 5.™ o 



E 

as 

"2 "O s" 
u u u 

u u o 



-i 

•n -^ 



aaa 
in in in 
O O 



'Is 



■n -o a a 
oO-- 



c c c 



U.U 



o i 
c a. 

II 
ZZ 



If .«"•• 



I 0£ 



:t .tr .tr .e .tr .tr .t: .- 

zzzzzz: 



.•e .t; .n; Z 



u c 
re o 
o.g 

= 3-6 

« re re E 

.-= -^ ^ N 
c c c c 
re re re <D 
000^ 
•=■=■= 2 
ZZZ^ 

Q.lf> T^ 



O 

^ re 
• • o 



"S «^ i: 

2z| 

z E 6 



o 2 



Si 



.0 K c^o->. 
o c re "^ - - 






2o 2 



E Q.E 



ZZ 

CM CM 



?;sfl 

■3 2c5 ^a. <5-c 
4 CM inZ ZZ i^ 



1° 
.2 re 
■D-c 

* « o o o 

m c c c c 
^ 9 9 <B 
t ^ jC ^ ^ 
<t) □. Q. O. CX 
g O O O O 

J z z z z 

Z 0.0.0. Q. 



0000000000 
ooooooooirjirt 

IftOOOOOOOOCM^ 

■^aodaidaotoixici^ 

f^^»-»-CM»-CMVCMU> 

f- T-m ♦-co 



00000 000 00000000000000000000000 

00)0 000 moooi^ouiocMOiinooof-^ooooooom 

CM moo o oo<j> ^oooo>ma5<otooqir)qir)<Dh-;P^oooqi/)«> 

r^aiiDtoco ddr^ CMCocvi^iuSr^^oioi'-CMtb'— 0)0>^^^^^^CMO)cb^l/i 

IT) <oint>. CM r«- »- o> 10 CO CO irt irt o o irt o o o m in <o i/> <o ui (o 00 

♦- •- •- t^ «o CM u) •- CO CO »- «r) h* h» r«» ui m ui 



CS<0(0 00 

CO r^ CM 



CM CM CO Tf CM CM CM CO CM 10 CM C>< CM CM Ifl CO CO CO CO 
^ r- O •- 00 O •-»-'- »- «-»-♦- O O 



6 <",= « <B 

re ® re o m 

re ^ re » 
•-. .C.2.C-0 

i ilts 
5 5^ 



0)CM ? 
r-CM-S 

<5 .-CM.2 






</) ? re 

« E 9 
<n re Q. 



EEE«5|^5. 



11 

-2z 




|l 

Z 0. 

6 



E o 
o E _ 

ill 



9 . . .". .^MM 
« T3 o 00 O U U O 

^(prererererererere^ 
ETo.U.y U.U.9.U U.U c 

;=CCCCCCCCCp 
reA0Q}<9®9090M 

aaaao.aaaQ.o.g^ 

rererererererererere 

ZZZZZZZZZZ 



re re-E 

CCL^Z 



E o J7 c S- 
M ^ • • £ re Js >. ,,- 

= >>E2 >.•;§ re . „ 
^■£«-^^V in »f 

^z-§.-§.5|^2£-? 
re^re re.-gc dStS 

.-a - z z z e-z 



T c re 2 g.g 
JS ■ ">.E *5 re o 

-•!^ III 1 1 IS 



E " = 
re c re 
o i <" 

I'll 
^ □. « 

^ ■°"° 
o o o 

w o o o 

■>*>*>.>.>»>*c c c c 
- QQQQQQrererere.. 

(?d£^d£^d£:£ (1^ !l^ ^ (1^ ^ 
VnjrerererereT3"OT3T3'D 



C3> 



00000 

zzzzzzzz: 



T3T3 

o o 

9 9 

ZZ 



.:2 

_o 

>* rti o» ^ ® m 

o:iPu™ 8 ™- 
■5if^--g|§8 8 

g-g a>i-2.g 0.0. 
£reS9.9re>.>. 
™ Q-2 " " c c c 

-O.C.C E E CXQ.O. 
00000000 

ZZZZZZZZ 



D-^3 



Appendix D 



^S 



ooooooooo 

0U10000000 

o^oor^oqinqq 
oicvJujcriuSiricNJotb 
CO m <M tf> CD c\j ^ ■»!■ 
CO ^ T- f- »- CO 



ooooooooooo 
inoooooooooo 
'-ooooooooooo 
irJNiooO'-'^^cvJcoi/ico 



o o o o o 
CO o o o o 
u> q q q q 

OJ C\i IT) «b CO 



oooooooooooooo 
ooooooooooinocvjo 

CDOOO*— OOOOOCvjr^OOCO 

^tocduSc\Joib«Dt~^'-<biriiri<b 

tf)U>tr^'-«D'-U3C0C0«0f^lD<0 

>- CO CM in r-- 00 00 00 »- •- •- 



id 



in IT) m m CM c\j cj c\j CM in c\j c\i c\j cm c\i cm cm cmq^ 



m S k. 

= S o> 

C « C 
(0 



o o 



2"o-p 






Q--^-:irr 



V .- ™ ^ ^ TS TK 

^ E— oO • • 



(o CO i'.E c c o 
c c c « ? ?^ o 

zzzz 



CD .0- 2 • O U) O 

»-8 ^^ 



o 'B) 
Si 



n c 

SO. 



_ o o 
9^^ - 

t58| 

c «3 n 



E^ 

0) "O c 
T3 * 18 






c Q-U. 



_ e: S ^ J^ iS ^3 3 






S c c c 

^ <1> (B O 

r; « $ o 



E o 

■cc 

=^ Q. y c » 
• £■>.*§ 

C -D « 
<p (0 ^ 



r% 



«SE 



•See E* -r. 
S" 2r 8" B" 5^ -g s 



Eai 
T5 
3 C 

(0 ^ 
T5 6 

« "■£ 
c ™ « 
O O c 

Sh >. 

<B 5 o 
o 2-c « 

Nl> 



•sEEco«iP«xB*'o»55Sn5''<»>"<9"'''"™™-C(*\-c 



G^-g -o g ■= c c 
•S r ^-2 c " " 



o « « 

"^ o 

" ™ m 

o 



="2 

o a 

<o£ 

(0 >. 

1«9 



(/) TO (0 ^ ^ c • 

g.yagggi 

re o o (0 (0 n a 
T3 « ™T3t5t3T3 

9^^9999 



lis 
<»" « ™ 

a >>>. 
= = u 

5<Si 



oooooooooooooooooooooooooo 
ooooomoooooooooor<-ooomooo'<fo 
oocMO'>-'«ooooiAooorgoor»oqi^CMOOO(oo 
«-^CMO>oc)cg'«tni4<o>AOi/>irio>oiQi^r>^<b'^Ciioio>e6cM 

COCDCO^^CM^>»'t^lOCMCO«OlO00W00CMr^.h>.CO{Mn»-00 
^ ^ cm CM CM ••- CM CM CM <M CM CO •- »- m »- r- »-CMCMt>.CO 



^CMOoooqcoqino>otoooqqqinoo 

cocr)dcfr^o6d^coaluSc)''^iriir)C\J»^»-^'^'cocb 

cooomiAooooiA'>-CM'<9"<tir>moO'-eocorocou)oo 

r^ r» CM CM f". r>« r<. h<. f^h» »-cocom< co 



|S 
in >• 



?«.u88c<i. 



« E. 



c '*' t- .= 



(I) «) o 

^ • « 
« "- 2 

Paris §e 



Q. Ql O -C -^ ^is ** 

o&ooo2ocooc-oc 

zzzzzZz 

T^ CM «rt <!».•* z 6 



E (iZ< 



i::-^ 



<o e a.S T >«Z 
c c c c c c • 
" o o o o o ^ 



58-S- 

•S o o 
o Q.a 
c c c 

(Q S o o o 

P >.>.>.>. 

^ X X X K 



jb o o o <D 

"o'o'o'o'o'o 
c c c c c c 

.C ^ ^ JZ ^ ^ 
Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q. 
>>>.>.>.>. >.^ 

c c c c c c 
o o o o o o 
ZZZZZZ 



2 " « 

ill 

5 • >--p TJ ~ 

•g^« X s 0)^ 
Slpls 

^8-°33E 



"2 • * 
2 M '(5 



^^ — ^^ '^ 



s^^siil-g.-^ggiE 

■D-p-DTJ-OS .^O C H « . 
O a 9 9 9SL 9 ^£ ^ X ">. <" 

55555 — 5 ** ?■"£* 

xxxxx5!<nj2<l)o";^Q. 

^^^^^££ t (»-**= 8 Q 
»o5cdcd'5*o5oo2? 5-5 



"S5 




E£ 



ctc^ccczc^cccc-cicca. ci'-i C m > , 
OOOOOOOOOOoOOOO^OOO 

zzzzzzzzzzczzzzcmZZz: 



D-44 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



*:2 



ViZ. 



*:2 



O O O O IT) o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o 

OOOOO OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOinOOOOO'-OOO 

oooinin o'Tmoo«>f^oooop'-^i/)c\jc\ja)00ooooiOLr)in 

- 7) r^ r^ r^ »- co co <£> co »D (D <D o oj m o "- O) »- co lo U3 r^ (O o o o o <D r-~ 

l/)(0(C CJCsJPJ -r-CVir^ CvJCJ O CO »- CT^ •^ •^ CM ■^ 



c\j^c\jcsjw c\j cj CM cvi CM c\j c\j e\j CM CM m c\j cvj »- c\j CM cMin m CO m m in lO <D JO 



o CO 
d ^ 



o o 
in o 
o o 



oooc\|00oir)in 
cjodt^'-'-idcbjbob 
oO"-ogi/>ir);D'- oco 

r^ CM •<I lO CM 00 CM 



>-~^ 






c c 
E 



®= E 5 •s'o « 
c CO re is J2 * ^ 

"O « c X *< 5 -' 

z S « • • • * 

o'oo'o'oo 2 
re re re re re re re 

.y .y .y .y .y .y ? 
^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ (/) 
oooooo 



S.re^ 
o » « 

s":5.'2:2 

o u u o 
re re re re 
o o.o o 

<P <X> <1) o 

OOOO 



y 

E 
re 

c 



.2 E 



re re 

s :t : 
3 3 
in en 

s:2 

u o 

re re 

y y 
!* * 
oo 



! C 3 



!t8E» 



°5g^ 
■re£ -o^ 

. O tn ^ 0} 

>•= P O TJ t3 5 re 
O".2c3«0<o«)? 

^!iiip|ll| 

.ii&i8|2|s| 



O in 

re£ 



.9 re 
i/> ■» 

3) O 
^ "> 
«.£ 
p in 

8. o 



E?o 




)6zoo6oooooo66do6o66 



>- •-'2 

66 



*CM ^- 
<JCM;e 
TT'T-re 

^ O CO 

- ™ s 

» X <n 
6r^ 



^1 



I 



IJ^E^ 

"' s CWJ. jc £ O 
re re re:2:5S.± o 

XXXXKKXK 

oooooooo 



oooooooooooooo 



CMCMCMU) m 



OOOOCOOOOOOOQQQOQOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 
OOOO»-OOOOOOOlS(0f^OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO0> 

oooo»-»-o^r^oo»-«-»-'-CMOi/)ooooinoocj>c7)Ooooooo> 



CM CM rs. Cti CM < 



• CM en CM CM CM CM CM CM CM •- lO U5 tf> CO 



CMCMCMCMCOCMCMCMCMCMCMCMCMCMCMCMCMlrt^'^^'^^'^tnCMCMCMCMlrtCMCMCM 




re 3 

il 
111 

III 

^ in ^ _ 

■?«■§,?£ sii 

'«'S-S-2*->.5f 
■pS-g-c e-e X o 

$155 o X S pje 
s>.2 >■ 



re in 
-• 1.2 



o«e=s 



^c re re 

III I 

« X i ™ ^ 
E|r >.|5 



8.».i2 



re 

in 

^ " l:c re 

-Ei"- 
3 c^ 
_ -5 _ 
rejD o E E 

9 IS o 19 9 O '^ 

re re re re re re "u 

c c c c c c 5 

£££ o 0£ t 

3 3 3 333 « 



cO-E «»'"'"'""' 



|>|S|J.«.§§||rere|rere|||||||j| 
j^ o ^ .0 Q o' o* -^-g^ Q. Q. a Q. a5>.opooppnj 
•rt?>»>Kl5<?2oooo ooo.o«©®<i)<i><c>; 






0600 bob *". OCDCP®®CD<D/^ 



^■>.t3^^Q.Q. Q. a.S. aO. Q. Q.Q.jn =r^^- 



y 
•E-; 
.£ re <; - 
re c »- c 

■o § o I 
'>.'''•=■ 

o|£C 

Q- <" _ , 
00:5:^ 



Se^ 
E i o 

•? Pj: 

CiE • 
^ re5 



■g -g o 
E E ™ 
ra ra y 

6660606000 



3 _3 _3 _3 ^ ^ ^ 

o o o o o o E 
in in en I/) I/) ■* 



OOOOO 



D-45 



Appendix D 



^2 



co2 



ooooooooooooooo 
ooooooooooooooo 
opoppooopT-^pcor^ocn 

C\(CMCMC\ih-CJC\JC\IO)'-C5COC\JO>«3 
O h- »- 1- 1- C\J 



OOOOOOO'-OOOOOO oooooooooc^oooo 
OOOOCMOOOOOOOOO OlOOOOOOCOOOOOOO 

pr^pp^poppppppp pop'-pO'^-toinoooo 

oN-mcoo'^fO'-'-mirjioLno) cD«-tv.f^o'^'-o>ooooooth~c\j 
m CM 00 c\j 00 eo Tt Tj- ■«» c\j >- c\( cm ^ oj ri- cm •^ c\i oj cm »- 



o o> 



c c 



2¥ 

« _ CD 

lis 

c ® « 

„ rate 

^ fc (B o N 

« i £ £ % 
§2882 

d >"o"d § 

: c c c c c 
9 o ® ® ® o 
.Q.Q.Q.CLQ. 



2 2 

«2 



c£ 

(D m 

-^ C 
<n C 

o'£ 
2=- 

■ — >. 
c^ 
ra (0 

?5 
2 = 
c — 
7Z 
«>■=■»• 



flip's o c^-£~ 
■g^ooooog'Eti.g 

O '^ '^ '^ '^ '^ 9 * ^ O 

o -^ -^ -^ -^ -^ ■>.°- - E 
B^?-^^^£inZ E 



ra (0 ra ra ra ra ra ^ Z "gj* ra 
c c c c c c c -2"o c 

CLQ.Q.Q.CLCLQ. T-'Z Q. 



ra a 



ra t c ra 
•p « «^ 

e'W « 
Q. '^ Tt- Q. 
c CvJ cm" T^ 



E2 



E 5 • 



59| 

l^e - 

2 *< — 

?^°i 

5 Vq.c 



ra o 
^ S; ™ 

2-T3 



e£ 



5i o 2 

oo " ° 
'■- *". o" « 

<?>«»^ d 

cncri Jg g. 
= .= <» « 

X X y y !2 



o.o 

■tf-tf O o » 
ra ra s fe "- 

ra ra -p "o o - 
^ ^ © a ^ 
ZZmnm 
2 «■©■© o- 



c c ff 
"^^ w «, 2 2 "o ■© "o 

m^ra^oo-o-o? 



» © e 

§.£.£« 

= X J^ c 
ra o o Q) 

c S S c 
• ^ •= © 

COQ.Q.T-CMQ.Q.Q. OcM o 0.0.0- Q-Q. Q. coco' Q.Q-Q. 



■ ,,*r © © © © ©^_^. © © © 



= « 5 
<n (o ra 

Q. -- 



r^ o o o 

o) ir> o o 

•^ Or- p 

i/icoco o> 

C\J<0(C (C 



'.- ^ T- o 



0000000000000 
ouiooooooooooo 
pocooqr--.CMOir)p^oo»- 
CMuS»-^iniflco<j>«-^tb<Dir)'«»'«t 
i^»-mTrt^<ooooor~coco 
cM'-'Vr--cMco»-co'»^eM 




r^ o) o CM CO 

^CMCM 



o p w ^ 
S Q-raV 

EE Ei: 

EEEg; 

---9-i 

o o oC^ 

X X x»— 

000- 



o 

00 



25 = 
" 2 • " 



o ra 

sills'^ 



:525 
2s 2 • 

©"■6 c£ 

S9e« 

OZ «'i 

£ESS' 
S|2^ 



i^g « 



M E 

*- "P ra 



O O-T) 



es- 



CM. 



.s.a.s; 13 









■ — :rar> 



5 -g .c* 1 2 2 2 c JJ 2 c To 

«c©©rajc.CQjS.9 y "S 

■'^■-^'^TJ'SoO.cooora 

J^ -e c © E .£ 2 y 

^ 2 ^.9--s-io^ 8 89 s?|-S,S g-g-ll 

~>'>»»»«'V*-r'x»-xxxra 

OOOo. 



■5c^ 5^E E">.;i^ 
t -= ^ r*^ ^ 



_ *'* O O O « 

© © 'o I 

E E " o 

© © := C 



coOOOO ciOOO-^ZZO 



jc je O © 
EEEf 

(0 (Q nf fl) 
0.0. 0.0. 



-O ■ jc. ° 

.c • oO( 
2 © <o <»■ 
i E.C.9. 

c 5o ra ra 



!,9cJd-5 

- to <D 01^ :^ 
)OOCJ <» 3 

r to" to w" "m _r 

;.g.g.g is 

1 ra ra ra o 3 
i to ra ra°re E 
.Cl.a.CL S e 
: c c CO.Q. 



CM «=: w 
■ g«>. 

2 .2 2 « 
ra .y © ra 



ra ra ra I 

y.y.y.y „ 

„ c c c c • 
c o) o> 5) o>Q 
Tj j5 J5 J5 ^ E 
O.Q.Q.O.aQ. 



D-^6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



W2 



8om88SS°88o8S8So°cjooS"ooifiOoqqooqq;Dir>qqqa!qocsq^.ifi-ptf3 
'^'^i^'^co Ji^i^rJrj^coCTn nco CO n »-co coco coconcor^ r-non '"^ " J2 co co i^ '- »- co co >- t ■* 



*:^ 



<0S 




^ ^ ^ ^X"-C C -C -^ r- ■*- f r- 

« a « OQ-Q- «Q.Q.n-Q.£n w w 

q.q.q.q.'vcmq. E E o E a. 0.0. o. 



-OQ.Q.Z 



OQ.O.cti'rgO. 6 Q.Q.Q.oZ'-Q-O-Q-Q-co'T'-Q.mQ-Q.Z'-Q.OL 



ooooooooooooocooooooooooootoooqo 
oooooooooooooooooooooorvjoopootgo 
ooooooooooooO'-qo^ qqqqqqqqN.q^<T>c\j 
ujfv:c\iaJo>0'-^c\Jtfic\iebo>^ob'n<xJir)C\iu)oicJ<-"»'-obootoo>ing) 
<DcDoo<ocoh»f^r^a>oinifioo>ir)oocMOO (jxjimcomcDoocvjO) 

C>j cvi »- 1 1- »- CM l~-- h-T-»- CM cvj r» CM r-- CVJ •- CM •- cj 



OCMOOOOOOOO 

oooooooooo 

OOOOOOUJCOOIOO 



•*CMCMCMCMCMfO»-«- 



ncococococo«omiftr. 

••-OOOOOO'-'-O 



in o o o o o 
CM o in o o o 
o o t»-. q q q 
<b in o> CO O) ih 

»0 CM C7) CM •^^ 1^ 
»- CM T in 



« » u « ■ S 

JO (TJ -^ fO 

2o?2S»« eg 
re5|<S3w«g .- 
^ p E E^ >-S o« • 

»">-r~-.z>3|E 



E 
2 

■§ 

v> 

2 2 

-8-8 

c c 

O 9 






■o a 

c •- 

(0 « 



re re 
<n (0 



red 

E E' 

2 .$ 
99 



m J2 jr ^ re © 

"2 2 relS »-5S£ 

rS»-£— >; = rere 
re5<»<»o.Cyy 

o'o'o'o'o'o'o'o 
cccccccc 



E E 

29 _^ 

■«'"«' ^^ i" re re Q. 

To re 



||5 



o n 

« <B- 

.2 c 



>■« ° 



2 o 

>• re re 
Q ™ o £ S 

>v >» 9 ^ a ^i- 
c c Q.™ .Xo <rt 



O O 

c c 
a e 



|i 

2 °-B.«2'o 
4; • re o re re 

o o o S ? 9 



O) 



C C 

CM re re 



2^e£ 

re >-.ir 

- • 3 C ' 
UJS n E, 



•t o 



JCM-S 



O O O 

c c c c c c 



^j:^.c£.c.c.cx:.c£jCjCjCjC 



Q.a.cMa.Q.a.cMQ- cIlq- a. a. o. o. o. a. cl o. a. o. o. a. Q. a. Q. a. o. 



JZ JC £ 'V ~£ 

0.0.0. '— o. 



5 !5 = 2 

re ^i :5" ? - >, o =^^ _ Q, 
.y.ii.areEco~c>'<n» 

■£•££•£ ^£ >--"q.-c — 2-S 
cccga»£®>.cDa: >. E 
>*>»^nio wO) w? O ""^ *5 .— 

<« « " "-S-S "o g 5 >•? >< 

— ■— "— "xxcXcS— S£^ 
0. 0. 0. O. O. CM O. CM CO O. EQ. 



1^ 

2 >s 

c c 

O 9 

0.0. 



EM7 



Appendix D 



^■Z 



cos 



1^ 
*:S 



502 



oooooooooooooooooooooiocnooooooooO'-oooooooooooooo 

OOOOOOOOOC£)OOOOOOOOCDOLO^*^OOOOOOOOOCNJOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 
OOOOOOOOOCMOOOOOOOO'-'-CVJOOOpOOOOOOOOOOOOO'-CVJCO^OOOOO 

c>irir-^ooo)OC\ico^^ir)oio»-ci'»io<buSuSir)<btbo>odc)o>c>'-tDr~~0)Ocj'ti^ 



ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 






0.(1.0. 



._< 

^0. 



W »- CMCVJ 
C C C C 

S « « o 

P 9 Q Q) 

0DOOOC3OO 



^ ^ t^ CO T- CO o 



CO m »£) r~ ■* <o 00 «o o> c -s, 

OtO C..-Cgirt«-»-»-'-rOCOCT^'TO:= 






p fc.3 (0 F 
3.2 c 0)i 

cOoSc „_ 

•onsiSniramSw 
J3UotE.OOOE.O 



E e ip- 

2 2 o>3 
o o c z 

S3e5 



■^CMCO^'-CJ'-CM'- 






n^t>»»-eMroT-oo»-oo 






^^_ 22225222222iS«'S"S?"S"S'S"S'S'S'S'S'S«'S« 

c3c56 o>6ddddddo6doo ocrcrazccQccccrcECEcrcrcrcEcra: 



GO 00 00 0> 

•0-DT3-0 
9 O O O 



Ol CMCVJ CO 

't in ift in 
■o-o-o-o 
a> o o o 
CCCEQCCr 



ccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc 
EEEEEEEElEEEEEEEEEEEEilEEEEEEEEEEiEEEEEEEEEEEEE 

Q.bLa.Q.Q.O.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.irirQ.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q^ 



OOOOOCMOOO 

oQoomoooo 
ooa>oo>tnopo 
»-^»-^5'«)in''-^«jinco 

^'— C0fl0OC0*-O»- 



OOOOOOOOOOOOO O O OOOOOr-OOOOO O O O O 000'-C\JO 
OOOOOOOQOOOOO O O OOOOOOOOOOO ^ C\J CO •- C\JOO(0<00 

ppqppoooppcoqo o o o^opppooooo o o o o oooooo 
2'o?co<pinop»7CNi'rfyr?'0^ to r^' flpen»r«PtVtP^o>c>cvi.r-' cri co co i- ^cboipp^' 



I 



E 
IP 

:2|i- 

>^|-E 



S tt 



^8 



IP 

_ -go • £ ^ Q <o 

■D'S ••rccOO£io 

.2 Qi^,M-^i.« « S * 






Q "■• n o o » « S.«£ 
^•Oio3PP-a-o— ,00 



? o P.o yo"^ 



000^ fei. O O O O X 
.c .c jc ^r ' • .c .c x: .c 
Q.Q.a.rgZZQ.Q.Q.QL 




I& 



o. a. ,s a. u 

CO '<«'Q.COQ. 



«— . ~< 

t-'SiS « o a <B 
™ « .2 .2 .2 .2 
T} CO ^ CD (Q CD CO 
C ._»..»..__ „ 
n c c c c c c 

^ E E E E E E 

U Ql 5^ 0> Q) Q> ^ 
0.0.0.0.0.0.0. 



-.^ E E 

E " " 



E E 



<■ E £ £ £ 5 



■s a 

in liri ijri 



(0 

m 
CO' •^' 
liri in o> m •- c\j £ 

»- »- »-CMCO <o o 
O <D O Q> <& O ffl 

^ .2 2.2.2.2^ 
CD CD CD CD CD CD JO 



E E E 
o> o> o> 
0. 0. 0. 



c c c c c c c 
E I I ^ I I I 
O) ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 2> 
0. 0.0.0.0.0.0. 



D-48 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



«:S 



we 



we 



C\JCO'.__ ___„„„„ 

cotf)(0(o<£)r--.oooc\ji/)oqc> o o looo^cvjcviooooooocomooooooincsjrvjoinooooo 

;b«o<b»-<b'-^oo«o«o«b<b r^l ob o>o^»-^o>tTiiotot^O)i/50obc\Jc>c6r>^<bc>o^i/JuicnuS^~^oboocri 

»- »-»-»-{ncneoeo co co cT^^'»^»-Cijcgc>ie\jc\noooirt'>-r)£\ic\jcM«>t^roe\j'-oocvjc\jr~-r)c\j 



oooooooo 



• O O O O O O O O O O O O O O '-'-•- o o •-•- ^ •- ^ ^ •- ■^ 



•"TO) * 



cccccccc^ 
EEEEEEEEn 
OL Q. Q. Q. d. Q. a. Q. i£ 




o 

"o Sl- 
oe o> o 



_ S25 
5 « >. 
£ E o 
o ^i5 

"ra Q. o. 
- o 9 

e™s 

9 7^ ■ 



^ c 

» « 

~*£ 
9 </> o 
« ® E 

O E y 

:2 "o.s 



■5->,s™« — — — — = -^ >.■>. 9 

jc > ^^ '^ ^^ (Q re re re <Q (0 <-^-_.- #) 
re -^ c (fl F"^^^^^^^^^ 
,2Q.rere^oooooooo^ 
a.rMQ.Q.Q.a.Q.CLQ.a.Q.Q.a 



t^ooooooooo<ot>-oi/>ooooooc\j<Dt^<j>o^m»-ooooooo'}'00o>o>oooooooom 

- - — - - - - ~)0000»-CM'*000000000(DOC\J«OOOQOOO(0<0 

IC\iCMfViC\ja>C\IC\iOOOOOOOOO'-C\JC\J'^0000000^^ 



iobobobcb^o6cbh^GOcooodoo>o)ctcto)o>o>o>o) 



0.0. 






o .1 :?-^* s--L* 



8 ". ?; 



g>S» 



3Q.Q.3Q.Q.3 



id. <» 



CM r5^ r^ o m 



• OPO'^'-f5^c\jfM^^«o«>r-.f^oD<Dooooo»-eM5tc5e'-'-'-nt^t^'«»-f^Jp>Jt^S ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ _. 

ItDtOODOOOO^.-'.-'.-.-.-.-'.-.-^.-rviC'JCJCiJCNJCNICVJCJUSO'S'S'S-I'S'S'S'SITK'S;^— * * * * * * * * 



CCQC 



____________________________________ .^ _- ^ v« T* v« w. •-^^o^^^^^^^^^ COOOOOOOO 

a:a:oca:a:cca:a:QCQ:a:a:cra:QC(rtrtrcccc(rcra:cEtr$>>i>>>i>>>>>> >>-)->->>>->•>- 



cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc 

S?*B*C^2^&^CPC^S^S^C*S^9^C^C^S'S'S^2^ff^2^C^S^2^S*2^2^C*Q^2'C*2^2^S^2^2^2*2*2^2*C^2*?^^?^2*^2^2^ 
Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.d.Q.Q.Q.d.Q.Q.d.Q.Q.Q.Q.d.Q.d.Q.d.Q.Q.i:Ld.ixa(:LQ.Q.Q.d.Q.iXai:Li^ 



D-49 



Appendix D 



*:< 



<OS 



*:2 



W^ 



•^inOCNlOO'iJT^ 

^ ■^' ^' •^ ui tfi ^' ■«' 
GO CO ^ CD ^ r^ ^ 00 



O O O O O O 

o o o »- o o 
q q lo inr^. o 
■^ "-^ h-' in uS 00 
00 O) r^ GO 00 r^ 

CO (O (O CO (O CO 



ooooooooooooooooo 
r^ooiDooomococDoooooo 
o>qqc\jc\jqqc\io)--a)OOooc>jo 
cvioiodd'-^CNJcJuScvifvir-icTicocorocJ 

(Or^00C0G0G000C000COCDG0G0C7)CDC0^ 

r^cocccocococococov-r^cococococo^ 



qooir>oooococ\j 
'-^codojcdcbt^'t^'^ 

f^0>OC7>0)0>0>00^*~ 
^ CO CO CD CD CO ■•-•>- ■t 



CO CM c\j rvj cvj in CM c\j u) c\j cm c\j c\j cm cm cm cm cm c\j cm cm cm cm cm cm in cm cm cm cm cm cm •^j- ■^ 'j- oo cm cm cm cm in in m 



<n o 
:5t5 
o c 
ra ra 



3 3 

c c 
o o 



TJTJ 



« « 

c c 






r « ■ a, ■ p o 

o * >.<» re o-rO 

« 2£ re (5 (5 2 !2 

to = ?5 ®== « « 



OQQOOpOO 

oooooooo 
cccccccc 



__ « 

•5:5 



X js'o'5 



"o re to CO 
u) o ® e 
52 o o o 
» c c c 

TnOOO 

« E E E 



™ c 

= ? 

re c_ 

o o 

c c 

o o 

E E 






Sl^^^^C^C 









oooooooo 

0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0. 



o Q g o o o 

U O O CJ U (J 

>.^_>s^_>.^ 

O) o> O) o> O) o> 

c c c c c c 

^ ">>">.">.■>.">» "3^ 
^££££^^ 

000000 

o. 0.0. 0.0.0. 



2 a> 
" re • 

™ o £ re © • ^ 

C6 " o>2^ -s ^ 
■s • - c 2*0 22s 
S^rerecreret) 

■5re(»<»o*-s* 

§SooooS|S9«§^g«£ 
EEEEEEESoO.S«*S2 



o 

i? CO en 

•5:3:2 

j: o o 

S re re 

o o S 
o — S 
R <o re 



5 •.>->. re ■= 
q 0) 9 o ^ iS 
"5s to to «) o 2 
X .5 .5 ,5 ^ "^ 



^. o 

4> Q, 



81^ 



(b55 "oS 2-^S ? 

lUlre^.-SSl-o*. 

oooooooooooopoo<i)nJ3aca.recn6o«co 

^^^ >-^ >>^^^^^^^^^-= -S 'V ^mtn^OO^SO- 
C7>CnC7IO)0)CJ)C3)0>C3)C3)O)0)C71O) C3).E g^ >.2 "'-SoEESo^ 

ccccccccccccccccc2cc'o'o'o'Oio"<o^ 

O) >,>s>K>.>.>.>.>.>K>.>s>.>s>.>.>s >c? >>>-cjoocjooS 

re££-££££££-££-£-££-£-£-£'£'9££ ^^^^^^ « 

— 94>0®(D(l>0®CI)<]>®Q>®CI>CD<D(D^®®Q)0>Q)0)0 0>^ 

ooooooooooooooooo'~ooooooooo 

O. Q. O. 0. O. O. O. O. O. 0. 0. 0. 0. 0. CL D. O. 0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0. 



000000000000000 
ooooooooinoinoooQ 
ooooooomor^^oo'^o 
iri'VcO'^uS^cbr-ioicO'-^rv.'rNlcricr) 

CMC0*-O>COCOC0*"»-C*)^00C)»— 

v^ CO ^ CM^ ■* r^ CO'* ^* 



0000000000000000000000000000000 
ooooocMOOoO'-oooooinoocoomcDinoooooooo 
cooooooooocMCMOoqq'*oq'*N;OOinh~;oqcqioqqqq 
co^duScDdoooioio>oit^o6o>dcMdcM'*'cOcoc\it--:cMc\iinc3cj)«-''r^c\i 

.-^-•.-^-GOCOCMCOCM'-'-'-COfOt^COfOT-COCOCO'-OOCDCDCOOOCOeOCOin 

■,- r^t^ ^ ^ »- r^ CO h« »- r. r-. •»»••- CO »- •- 



^^O^^CO^CMCMCVJUi'^^CMOO OOOOOCMOOflO^flOCMCMOM-'^nCMOOOOCMCMflOOOinCMCMCMinCOininT- 
.-^^^T-^^^i-T-^v-r-i-O •r-^0»-000«-0»-'-'-'-'-'-'-00»-»-00'-'-''-«-'-0»-»-'- 




» J^ « >.-D -0-5 re re f E 
= CJ « '^ £ ^ ^-tn -^ P "> 

:2 E -, -2 a o o> <» a.^ o 2 5. 

"as S-= cc e c q, <B <B 2 

5^ o £• &- ^ £- £~ e- ir^.5-a I I 
^-. orererererererererererere 

000000000000 
O.0.O.Q.0.O.a.Q.0.O.Q.O.C 



"■§. 

a v) u 
c 9 re 

°il 

2 re.y 

o •S're 
= -0 o 
2 O £ 



re A aCD 



— CO-. 

3 c 

oT 9 
c c 
a « 
■6t3 
re re 
3 B 



re.c " 

£ CO t 



TJ c 
re « 
S3 

J3.0 



_re 

>> 

X « 

9 Q- 

So 

C "— 

«> Q-S 
■>.>.2 

J£ J£ Q. 

-. - „ re re 
• * « P p 3 9 2 

^2^£-e -e -e 5 s; 

333rerere.ccii 

.O^JOUUCJUT) 



"I 

Es:. 

3 X 



O-D 
1^ 

reCi, 
">.o.g 

E ><c c 



rejo 



3 « 

5 CO 

re c 

CO 3 

10" co" 



£ >, Jr CO 10 

re E H22 
2.2. 5.0 % 






8L| 

i= "S o .« re 
TS re Q-i: >. 



a, (B 



•45 • - 
^s ^ • 

• 5 • g 

rg O •£ 

1181- 

* E •? 
X CO >.t: 

9 <" = o 

5_»T>oO 'J3-D 
-^— x^'opO 

-^:£ 2. = -^-^-^ 
cAooogoicno) 
StaEQ.caaia 
i:'5.^>,* c c c 

t! X X X S • * * 

a)000>.>>>.>. 



8. 



35 



C JO 

E.Q^ 

^ ^ WW w w KX W -^ W W W 



D-50 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



*:2 



co2 



ll 



«)S 



q o LO o <D t 
c\j uS ui CO in r~^ 

O) CO CO O) <^ GO 



CO o o o o 
O O O) CO o 
IT) 'T ■<» CNJ O 

r^ oi in f\i ^' 
00 •- ^ co<o 



i/> CM lo m cvj 



ooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 



CO <o <o r^ (o 



*^ 

.e t 

So 
1° 

ai 



■g:S 

2 ™ 



^ 



£.£ El 
flj S c n> j^ 

• K 3 (»-C >.>.^2 >. 

>.• * — ^ « o ni >><» 

E'-ci.222>.,c05 
. a Q. . a Q. a-c « a^ 
>« >-i-^i> >• >> S 9>-= 
oooooooo 

0.0.0.0.0.0.0. o. 




W^W W W >. w 

0)^0)0)0)0)0 
O K O O ® 9 O 

c Q c c c c c 
">. 2 ">.">.■>.■>.'>. 

0.0.0.0.0.0.0. 

2^22222 

O. O O. O. O. O. Q. 

o o o o o o 

0. 0.0.0.0.0. 



>'2-S22Di;'K^22cccccccc.|5) 

. o a-y Q.o.<rt2*®33>>>>>>>>ic2 

Jl^ >.0■>s>.>.>.>.>.>.>«>^>^>.>.>.>^>•>>>•ra 



ooooooooooooooooooo 

O. 0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.1 



6 »>■">. E * £ £ 

§i:.c«3ott 
Ji O ^ CM 0>i5 CM CM 

EEEEEEEE 



iAwi/ivttnviViin 



ooooooooooooooo 

00000(0000000000 



»- »- O •-CM 



O O O 

to dm 

•* CM«0 



oom o or^oooq 
co«bco CO •*'r>^«-^oO'r^ 

(0U)<0 I/) l/)'>-0><000 

r~ coT^POCO'^'- 






'^oocM CM «o ifl •* >w vo m mo 



<0 (O 0> (S <0 CO 



o ^ — ■•- ^.-^o 



^ ^T3 
0) o c 



. a « 



ram « |-Si:i: 



Q.-0 -O 



(/)" Jrt X o E m ID 

5b2=too„ 






«■•£ " 
o ° • 



ooo-5i§§|:ts'5° 

BjnjBjnaaic as o S 

u.u.u.u « =3 s.u.nI;; „■ 

"S.'S.'S.'S.-E o o o 5 » « « 
.c .c .c ^.i a « .i2 E E E E 

.2->-.a-.a-.i->->-.i-.i-i-.2-.s 

oooooooooooo 
o.Q.ao.o.o.a.a.o.o.o.0. 



2«V • -88 
« o : >'i. 

mS •<So) 

JK.C O ^ « m 

« i « G. E Q. -i,-2 

5 ^ >^!2 .2 •-■ S- a 
S g CD-P • 2 p 

-D :s Q..| •£"•"« 

UO.S"E>>iiicc 
o o "•?■»£ >.>. 
^t-S •£ E • c5 

IllJltll 

9 O 9 - tZ 9 c c 

E E E:i.fl5 E E.E. 

oooo—ooo 
Q.o.o.a 0.0.0. 



>■? 



; Eo 
' o o 

0.0. 



$«o^ 

<" « «" s •£ 

«> «■>.? r5 • ? 

J J :^ • >. >.«H 

• « J£ * * T 

O Q ^* flJ (fl (0 ^, 

T r o) ><>•>• jT 
r r o o o o-H. 

o o o o o o o 
0. Q.o.o.o.o.a 



i E 



.t in 
E " 

a - 



O. ID CM 



liE^ 

c c ^ c 
ra R) 5 R> m 

pg cy ? 



" ^ t; -^ 



™ O -CD O O 
CM • fM * ™ c ^"O 

>»i >•>■>•>,>. <B 
o ^ o o o^ o >• 

0. 0. 0. 0. 



x" C „- 

S.E5 



e « w 
c c 5 

* «Q. 

>. >.• 

. X X .C 

00a 

000 
a.ao. 



D-51 



Appendix D 



h 



«:^ 



«oi 



OCOTOOOOICDCOIT) 

c\i o o c\i o '-'-'- r^ 



coioioc^cjinminuicg 



in oooooooooocnooooooooooococnooooooo 

r- oooooooooo»-ooooooooooooiDOoaioooo 

Tj- T}-mi/)oooooooooooooot^ooooooooa>opoc\j 

CO CO^— •— C\J^^0^0>C0CDC*^OO'— ^^COCDOOCOf^r^OOCO'-O^OOCOOl 

■r- •-'-•- CO »- CO c\j 00 CM »- •- t») c^ OS »- CO CO o n CO cn CO 00 »- n CO CO r^ 



£ 2 i 2 



^ o 



_ ™ 

to A 

ag 2 

ll 2 Pt 
on 5 ™'5 2, 

t^ S ® ^* • 



^ j^ o -^^ O) o> o o o> o> 
■^— ^-c-^c c c c c c c 

(o c £ CO a! 1^ (^ (^ (^ IT (^ ir 



Eo 
V) 



5. 
re E 






>-i-s is : 



« 9- »Q-^ « 

■^•«=" xjs-fttreoo_-re 
iiM3)O)0reS»j275J«^ 

«»0«0.£>.>>0>.g^„ 

2 aaa&frE 2 a2 2 « 

Q. 2 g g g go. OL go. Q. 

0.0.0.0.0. c cQ.c\jc\ia. 



re 3 •" 
5-1 c 



. a 



z 

m ® ' '£ ®~ ®~ "O 

■Stj • • OTJ-O c 

« o £ ® re o o 9 



re S « « 

v> >.a.Q.' 
o jc o a .! 

J2 c o o < 
2= -o ■o•u 
* « D 3 3 

00*** 
^ ^ V) in V) 
0.0.0.0.0. 



>.2'S«co2c 

"rnTS C -r: '^ JT '? 



5^re * :5 g E 
.2'-S <»«i~.a.!i;.t .Q."Oo7:rere 



o 1 S 

^ 0) o^ 
VT] b O 

cc >.T - 
5^re * :5 g E 



- • * .5> c i S T> >. E re 
■D.esc.c:oT2oolEt'- CO* 

O.O.corMO.CMCvjQ.O.CM'O.rg'VO.O 



F 


s: 


E 





re 




^ 


re 


re 

c 


U 






re 

-1 


>• 








00 00000000000^000000000 

00 00 o 00 o 100 o o o o o 'J o 00 o o o o 

op 00 i/)(\jo o<ot^ o o o o o 000 ^ 00 o o in 

itjn; '«'ob'>-^rN:^'oo>o>'«uStf>(bd'-^ooo>(br^abro 

cvjflo r^ <o «o r^ t^ •- m 10 (o «o <D »- en e\j •<» CO r^ 00 00 00 »- 

r^co r* t^ •- cj t>» CO CO lo CO to 1^ ^ r^cocsj^^^^ 



00000000000000000000000 
cooooooooooooooinooooooooo 
CNioooooooooomor^ooomooomcM 
r>;o>^c\ic^^'cNi<\io>coc>d'V>^<dci^^'<3ot><r-^oo^ 
t^o>oooooor^coi^<oio^-ooa>»-»-floi/)«DOtOflo 
^coi^t^r* 00 m r^ ift 'J- ■^ CO •- •«• f^ CO o 00 CO ■<» 



CMCMCMCMCUf^l/imtftlrtmirtCOI/l' 




a % e S 
" E "• c 
>*J=^ re 
57 = o 

«'zl-^225i' 

3;- e -*oreooSc 

^ E ''r. E 2 o o o ~ 

a, a, «,t^ E rejo E E E5 „ 

•S.e.S •i'^o o o g °"D 



— .2 *■© 




&, 



■g-5-g 2 2 ga.Q.Q.Q. 2 5.a5.1i.ii.8.8.a&Q. 
99&Q-'^°(^<cv<c^'Ck<'^925929959299 

0.0.0.»^t1 ^"^"^■^" (io. 0.0. 0.0. 0.0. 0.0. 0.0.0. 



w ? re j: 
c * ■ — ■ 

2o -go 
re£ ••= « 
•5 fl E E E 
oi E — JS 

0.0.0.2 S 
9 9 90.0. 
(£(^(£ c o. 



D-52 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



U 



»-*-♦-»— ^-OJOOOOOOOOO'-'-'-OOOOOO 00000>l/^<0000000000000 0000 

r-'^'^^'^^c\icr)<o<br-^<bN^oc>oc>o^ob<bc\io>o>c\ir~^^^'i'»-<x50uStbcvJi/i<rJo> 



p- V— V- V^ ^ 

CCGCQCCC ? 



« a 



l.i.i 
ococa: 



.2 .2 .2 

(rcoc 



■S-2 

« « 
> > 

CO « 
« 9 

(rcc 



5 _2 ^ _o _o _o 
.S o o "o "« "3 
>■>■>>>■>■ 

.2.2.2.2.2.1 
T3t3tjt3T3T5 
nj (Q n} to (0 (1} 

ccccoc (recce 



(S 

O 9 
«© >. 

= = 

> >sr 

II.I.C 
ra (0 n c 

O 9 O 9 
OC CCCCOC 



.2.2.1 
T3t3t3 

CCCCOC 



E- 



n 



So 
o>c 

nj (J 
E « 

'— i; O > 9 9 



O O O 
to V) 10 



8|||| 

*T? o c e 
oxQCccif ix 



■ill 

9 = 
« O ™ 

■5 « 
?-^« 

■55 



in ^ 

E 



in Q n 



^■Ri^ 



:Q.iS 

occro: 



S = 

u. to ^ 
w" to 

:5:2: 

c c c c c c 



Oi: 

= o 



« 6" 



c c 
EE 



I/) V) 

o o 
OCOCt 



) </> in 
) O O 
IQCCC 



in X 
O O 
OCQC 



i.s.s ._ 

Ie ES£ 

i^g g ra ® E 

9099 S'X "- 9 
c E Q.a> g.g-D 
g - S S 2 S 15 « 

iL' 9 9 9 Q.J3 ^ ^ 

n £1 £i £i in O U'.= 
O3DDDrei0«J 
CC CC OC QC OC O) (O (O 






000»-0000000000000000'-'-0>0)OOr^OOOO)OOOOOOCNJOO^«OOOOOOP50)^ 

OQOOOooomoooooooo<Mo^r>-ooo>oo»-^o»-oooooc\jr^h»ooooooooo^^o> 
oSooiflcvjooi^oooooooopoooq'^pqpppppppqpqqpqpqqqqpqpp 
ooe»)C)»-t^oiciic\Jo>CNico^'oio(\Jco'»'*'«b«)«b«><or<;o>o>o>ooocJ(r)''riht^ 




o o o 2 
mm^O 

9 O 9 O 
2 2 2.2 

TJtJtJC 
(Q n nj (0 

<S 9 9 9 



_ S. CD 00 
O<B<l)(I>(90>(f)<X>9(DA 

ccccccg'ccc ^_: 

006060 oOOOoOC 

.2 .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 ,2 .2 .2 
'Ct3t3T3tJoi3t3t5ot3'D 

(riricirtrirtLiriririrci: 



•^ c\j n ^ ■ 



•^ c\j n 

T3 T3 T3 

CCOCOC 

.2 .2 2 

13 t) o 

(T crir 



(Tcrcr 

.2 .2 .2 
t3t3T3 

oicco: 



D-53 



Appendix D 



u 



«x 



l£ 



Vi^ 



OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCDh^OOOOriinOOOOOOO'^CVJOOOlOOOOOCMOO 

ooooooooooooooooooooo'<*'«t'^oooc\inoooooo)00opvjc\ioooooir)oo 

oooooa>inooo^oo^^ir)oooooooooooooooooooO'-'-'^-^oooooooo 

c^io•v'^^odoioi<bo>coc^<boc\ioc>c^»-^ouir-^^-iK^-io■r^cjobobcn^'o 

~ * ^ ■ m IT) IT) ifi in in c\i cj CM CNj CM CM n CO CO CO CO CO CO CO o CO CO •* •^ ■^ ■v t 'it r^ 

OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO) 



: : : :e 
: : : :e 

... 3 



?»• 




•S w- 
' « e ' 

• >.N 

• C C 

■ a « 

0.0 
&2 
<n u 

E E 

333333D33 



:= « « • 



J2 5^??" «2 



X.C Q Q 2 n * 
o Q. Q. a. a.<n <n 

E E E E E E E 



T3 TJ TJ -D -O T3 T3 
O O O O O O O 

wtowtowwcn 



"CD 
» 3 
<0 3 

cW 

5>a> 

as 

__3 

o o 

WW 



o o o o 



O'.-CMascn 2'^°'^® '^ «^ 

•COmtOOOOOCDOOOIOOOCMtM >,'" P>J «^ «"> CO 9 

j^^^^^^cotvr>CMcococoir)ino)0>'-'-'-'-'--oc £ = = £ c o) 
iSJSJSiSJSJ52^^^.2^^.2^.2^^^^^^.2 o o g g g 2 ™ 

CO OD CO CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD ffl CD CD CD CD CD .O CD CD CD CD CD O O 
cccccccccccccccccccc'ccc'c'c'cc'c'c'c 

OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww 



CMOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 
u)ootncMOOoooooooooooooor--ooooooo 
>*ir)r-i^cj«Jej>^aJ'^C)'-^f^cooo>CMCM'^'-'cM«bobco>-^o>^c\Jr^ 

OOt/)«0(000000»-r^<D«0^t^CM'^0>(0'-CM«DIO>-OCOO'-'^CO 



o o o 
ooo 
^ oo 

r^csicj 



oooooooooooo 
oooooooooooo 
CMCgooqoqoinpqq 
i^CMsbT}''^'cMco'»»-'«tir>CMiri 



CM^mmmmiAtnmmcoiA 




— °*-— 2 o P " 

WWWWWWWW 



lis 

E "> 

1^ 

E ,. 

E E 

3 3 



15 



t 



' £ P 



til 

>nX 3 



«^ _ C "' 
1.1 Jl 



^ fli c; .C .C 



« CO « S^ N 

-i5-e-£:s 

£" n> » c 
Q-O E T 
™ E >'fV 

" T X ^ 



e 10 
■Jo 25 
P >• 

E E 

3 3 
1 



"8 "8 "8 "8 "§52. 8 » ■§■§<£ 

WWWWW'^ WW'T- 



££ I S J£ 

E E 5- » g E 
>• >• S >• JS >< 

X x-6 -'^ ^ X ai 

o o § X ^ o <J 
E E^5"EE 
.5.2 o^?.2.2 

WW 



9 « 

^g-g2i-§. 

>.>.o P a--5, 
• ? 2 -S ■o.>> Q- 
™-9-9 3-£5 2 

« O O >. J- JO p. 

g a> cBx: Sop 

JJ m irt ♦? ? ^^ is 



CO S 
O CO 

o E 



EEEEEEEEE 

3333333 3 3 

WWWWWWWWW 



I>-54 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 



U 



«oi 



ll 



<o* 



lO'-r^ooooO'-ooo 



mirtioirxDcoui'^ajTroioo 
o>0)0)Oio>mN-0'-0'-»-»- 



o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o oooooo 

(o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o I/) o a> o o o o o 

CO CO o o o o o •- ^ o o o irt o lo c\j o o> c) lO CO in o o o o 

r^ oi rv r~^ ui ■* c\i '- ^ pj iri r~» o CO •- ■* cri CO 00 •«j- -■—■-•—■-■.—• 



r^o>rs.r..(/5^c\l»-»-c\jmr»oco«-^cooDOD^ 
r-~^(orgco»-'-cococof^irt''»''*'*a)ir)oooO'- 



1- uo irt If) in trt i/> 



in o 
o o 
m c\j 
in ^ 
r-eo 
in in 



<\l m CJ CNJ CM Csl C\J <MC\J 



c c c 

J > J 

OOP 

coco to 



li 

o s 

= T3 

ni (0 

. X 

. <n e 
" r^ ® X 
5 CO 5,-V 

S J Jcm" 

> SkO 
^ ^ (0 
C C <j 

OOOOOQOO 
C/) </5 CO W W (O </5 CO 



it 

'V)> S o « 
^■^ X " « 

— oJ£ ?>£ 
f^ (0 o ® 



A W A .S 

o5 o « 

■= (0-= 3 



CO (Q en >, 

p£ o 2^ E 



n» 



>>c ™ i * 



« n 
To « 
« » 
o Tn 



o o 

(0(« 



.9 .£ .2 .S •= « c c E in (8 (0 '': — .£ 
SE^EtSsEE^-D-oo^pl 

.■2 «:5 • a § « « o «.^.^.-£'£ 5 c€ 
a^a>J!« = =°^->>>oo|- 

o O — J 

>.cB >«B g-g-S^o^g.® §^§^§^§^-5^«2 
CO (o en to i2.^z CO CO CO en w CO w w CO 



^ 10 



E 
a. 3 

c c 

2^E 
(0 ni g 

« •" * 
2 c 



2 9-^2 
? ffl £ >*tr 



CO 'i 

?t3 



oai. 
^.E 

£1 n> 



nn 

:^ U CM Jc 

>.>• >.Q. 
££ J= P 



O^ 






■0 


i8 


(0 


:|j 


•S 


•9 


. « 


c 


^ 




8 


• 


• 


c 


* ^i^ 




E 
m 


. 

. c 


1 


» 


: fc 


8 



•-cQ'- (0 . >. 



-rO£££ 



pS.2.e.2.2 o 
o t5 75 « ™ fo .£ 



O 9 O Q. 
0000 

2 2. "2 2 
E E E E 

(0 (0 (0 CQ 
CO (0 (0 C3 (0 



0>^'^-'~'^-^— (0 



2 flj (0 

0.2.2 



re o 
WW 



® ® ® 9 



2.2.2 
i is re re 
) a o o 

iwww 



re <o re •r fl 
2 C. 2 0.2 
<S re g 
55 



* •- « 



oooooor^r^oocoooooooooooo)CMmo>f^ooooo»-oooooooo<oooooooio«-in 

00000<Or^0100CMOOOOOOOO«D<Cr^l^t^OOOOO^OOCOOOOO»-000000<J>OCOCO 

ooooooooooooooooooo»-»-»-»-»-CMC\jooopoooopopooooooooO'-;»- 
obo■'-c^juSt^t^f^oboi^ojco^ai^ob»-c\jc^jc^jcjc^ic^ic^jc^jc^i^^nl'i«bt^orio)^>^c»m 
r^flOoooocooooooocDooo>o*OiOio»oo*~»-»-*-*-*"*"«— '-'-▼-'-•■'-^"•■'■ininmincocDcDcDf^r^r^r^f^h^ 

0>0>0)0)0)00>0>dO>000>0>0>0000000000000000000010>0)00>0>C)0>0>0>0>010>0> 

ooooooooSooooooooooooooooooooSoooooooooooooooooo 



n r- c\4 CM CO CO rv. cj> -5' . ^ n <o 00 cj> cm m 

ooooQOOOffl co^cor^o>oo«-(0(0i0(or^r^ 

0)0)0)CJ>C7>C3»C3)0) p)^ CM CM CM CM t «> 

§ ^ re re re re re re l-g-g-g-g-g-g-g-S-g-g-S-S-g-g 

00000000 otrcctrcEcrccircEccDCCcccoccc 

ccccccccccccccccccccccc 

Aa}a)<|)a)AAAaA9900009Q>90000 



f^cgcNii?*— — ^ — *- — ^ > 
"5 * * "^ i5 o o ^Q ,Q . 2 o "5 

©oca: £t>b> >b>b>i>>> 

■Hccccccccccc 
8(/5cococowc/5c8coc/5c/5co 



CO^CDCOOCMCOCDCMVO 

^•-«-co^^^inr^o»'- 

ccccccccccc 
c$5c55c/5(oc/)c^cncoc55c^eo 



>-> 

c c 
o • 

o o 
coco 



D-55 



Appendix D 



<o2 



«:< 



toS 



OIDIOCOOOP^^OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 
OOLDTIDUI'^OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

oooooootniooininooocvjooooooooooooO'-uioooooo 



o o o c\j c\] <\j n 

>- cJ rr Tj- tt •>* ■^ 
O^ O^ O^ ^ 0> Oi ^ 



^■or E 

0) 9 O >. 
C -' I to 

c a a, g,— 

*-» -j^ -^ ~ o 
-OTJT3 iS 

>.>. >.^ 

^- JT r- ■^ 



<J --2 



(ft "O o ® 

— p 

a.c 



I& 



(0 a c c c g 

- C (0 (0 (0 c 

S o o a o >, 

«= E E e E Si-" o5* 
cccccccc.ccc = 



l = .£»2^ 



<B C "! « 



« <s 

e s 

u u 
cow 



E « « 

1 « I 



s " -• 

c 5. (ft 



: >. V) (ft 
1 o «;= 

JTJ "D "D 
<D 9 Q> <D 



£ (0 
O (ft 

EE 

T5.2 

-:^.. 

— oo-^ 



« ^ 

= ^01 

"o^ 

(fl= o 
(» (0 = 
o> . (0 

m (ft . 
.n: a (ft 

C C7> 0) 

— m o> 

01 jc to 

111 



0) ^ 

T3 ;5 



>£^ o to-o 

« * * :y E " 

"o "o "o n to .y 
Goo £.9 .9 
to to to j= o u 

y.y.y g-y ^ 

C C C .f (ft (ft 



(0 10 (0 '" 

O O O Q. Q.(j 
N a a O O (0 

.2 2 2 2 S o 

■C O O O O F 
■5.S2.i23 3 - 

3 3 3WW .__ _ __ 

cocn</)inuiWW<oW'«tOT« w cow 



.y y .y S" 3 3 

C C C .f (ft (ft . 

000300- 



5^" » 2 e « 

Si S o o o ■Q 

pTj"g'x»-D ■g" 
■"o'o'oo 
to to to (0 
u o y u 
c c c 'c 
o o o "o 
0000 



to to 
Sec 

E88 



33333333 



in o CM 
r^ IT) 00 

<0 CM (O 



O O O O O O O O O O in O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O •<» CO o o 
OOOOOOO0D(3)O00O'-OO --- - 

inir)OOOOOh-rv.oqtv.cocot^c\j 
oiT— aooJo^^aooooooincooooo 

«D00«0«0I^C0O»-»-i-«-C0C0C000 

com CO ▼- CO CO CO CO o ^^ h^ CO 



OOOmOOCOOOOOO l/)'»OtD_ _ 



r^ in ID o (/) r^ •<»■ r^ r^ »- t ■^ • 

^CMOinCMO) CM ^ 



o o ocn n 
o o p 'J '» 
' 000 



|CMCMCMCMCMCMO>CMCMCMCMincMCMCM CMinincMininoxotcicocooo coooocoooooooo 



E o o' 

«" (0 to 
^ (ft (ft 
(0 c c 
(ft • a 
c-n-D 
o c c 

188 
8?? 

to c c e 
•"'E .5 .2 
fiS'S'S 

2 O c c 
c £ a a 

o »>,>. 

E.2 « 5 

lOTJ^pTp 

:2:5':2:2 

0000 
to to to (0 

y.y.y.y 



0^.5 



a to 
•a «« 

c c 



18. 

2 £ 



C_'.3 



(0 C 
<" 3 

E^- 



a (ft 
c c 

E £ 



TO IS 
t» " " 

«.y.y 



wwww www 



9 E 
:5 cm 15:2: 

o ;; o o 
J^ .9 y ^ 

to m to to 

W wi 



; C to 

' 3 <« 

;'« E 

I o 5 



9 ^ 



075 b (ft (ft^g 9>.">. 



s 05 = 

Q. (ft 0) ^ j- 



i]S -2 .2^1-50" a 5. 



>'2 :2 

) o o 
) to to 

i.u.y 

) So to 
> e a 
)WW 



s:2 

o o 
to to 

y.u 

to (0 
» « 

WW 



> ~zr "^ "^ ^; o o »-*- **■ 

^2-i-Q-^^ o o 

■ 0000-DOO"0'S 



(J) jO 

c to .2 to to 
o tr "^ to to 
3 >»2 is 

g E Q. U5 ■(ft 

(0 (0 (0 (0 (0 

wwwww 



« t» Q 



< 
W ^ 

»r £ « 

o o 



E >.• 



?..£ £«?•■> 

„ t M *i _ ' 



». o .£ ,_ -=^ 
6lS:S^^^l8 

• _ -D to is >. > - • 

S o -~ -•- t i2 iM 

'^^tDQ)t])tD(l)mC 
.t;QCCCCCc$ 

c^oooaoec^ 

S tOT3TJT3'-6^-5'>> 

>,— to <o to to to 2 9 
^: >-t; ^ ■=:■=; t; Q. :» 



J£ £0 .a to T3 TJ T) ■■ 



•- E rg T= _ ^ 
■= 2 2 c c c 

.? a. o. « tB 0) 
wwww WW 






D-56 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



^^ 



ooooooolooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 
ocDOO'-O'-ooor^inoooooooonoouiooooooo'j-ooooooooo 
r~nTroor)c5c<HDiofooO'-i/)oir)t^coooo''rooinoooooooooooa>or^ 



c\j '-'-•- m in i/i '- in »-»-»- «5 «- co p5 cj »- m m m 



r^TTCOCOCO'^ ■«»■<» CO -"T C\J CM TT 



ID o in o c\| o o 
r^ id rri rri d in o 
00 CO r^ in CO O) 00 
in CO CO 'T CO c\j •- 



c\jc\jininu)(\ic\jc\jinc\ic\iiAinincNiiAC\j(\ic\jin(vieviryjc\ic\irvjc\j(\jcac\ic\ic\jc\jc\jcNjc\jc\jininc\j cvjcjrginincMin 



1^ 



W2 



■81 



^^ 11 



:t^ m 

"Cij'.-^ 



R) o 



? 






- -^ 



« ^ ™ 

o " " E«£ 
~ Q o 5.^ • 

crt tn V) « w — 
"O *0 T) "2 "D 
oCDoG 

(Q R) ni (0 (0 Q 

_<5 jj JO « <o ^ g 



o o o 



o'o'o o'o ° 
|« ^ [n is is t^ i2 



■5 5T3-5 
W TO* C 

>.o o « 

— -Coo 

^?--^-= 

™ c 

V « ? <0 

o'Soo 



I' 
E o 



2 • ^ 






w CO 



c E 
(0 <2 

E£ 



•o ® 
«>• 

5S8. 



I 



*-£ 



Eo 



« 0£ . 



> (A (A 



io-I 



5S| 
8^5 



E o E E E E 

flj -x^ nj (TJ 5 5 

C oT3 TJ ^ T3 

m ^ a> <» * a> 
2 Q. c c c c 

, "O _o ^ _® _® 
■^ o >.>.>.>. 

a E ■£ £ £ £ 

O P O 9 CD <P 

Q.T E E E E 



EEES-^S-S-S-S 

(0 (Q ni >«>.>«>.>«>., 
;=^;^>^> j£ J£ j^ j^ -3^ _s^ < 












o o 



' ^ ^^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 

^Je J£ J£ ^ ^ J£ * 

'•mnjfljmcTjniiS 

S S S 3 S S E 

.(0 ffl n .nj ,<o ,10 5 
'-'-'-'-'- "-.2 






E TO 

E ® 

fO c 



22E 
a> J5 TO 

o « S 
S. 9 CO CO 
EE A- 

(0 flj »- I 

$ S S" 9 

^ 55 TO 



"5.E 
". E 



J5^ 

x£ 
O * 
£>. 

«£ 
»■ ® 

i^ 

TO n 

(0 (J 
— TO , 



« (5 
= o o 

^ TOTO 



I nj ^ 






■^ -u; 

TO tr 
■^ TO __• 
t = 3 

TO 3 o 

O.M n 

s" $.a 



o o o o 

o o mo 

qo ■^9 

uS (b (oi^ CO (ci (b 

^ ^ O) O) ^ C> O) 



oin 

5? 



>Q< - __ 

o o o o o> o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o 
mm (o ooooo oooo oo oo omm o o o oo>co o 
jojo ^ <r>o>Qi^«'m^r>io(viN;om^cJa>t^ro<-^ci^''-' 
o>a\ o> oi^ o>- o o<o»- o o«or^ CD'- oooco ^ m 1^ coi^ 
»- »- .- •-•.-•-»-»-»- CNj CO c\j c\i o o o ■* CO 00 m m CO co 



o ocvj o »- o o 

m 'T ^ o P P P 

1^ eg cvi pii c\i p r- 



cvjCM rgc\j 



CMCU CJCM 



(\j (O ^ ^ ^ «"^ C\i ^ 5t"« ^ ^ (0 C\J r^ CO CM CM CVJ CM CVJ CMCMCMCM 
•-00000»-»-'-«-0000«- oo»- •- ••- •-••- ^^^T- 




<a S.Z. 



&! 



af o 

" S o = 

SEE" 
tl"E 

■o -o ® * l^ 
® * £ £ o 

TO TO-^-^S 

>. >.^ ^ rg 
r" irt irt 40 y) * -_ 

;: "o TJ T5 Ts Tj :5 

, OOOO 5 o 

" nj (0 ro rtj "o TO 

O — — := — j; > 
•= O O O O r: C 

nj __ ^ ^ ^ > oj 

;m iw ^ lu »u lu lu ffl (0 ro (0 



E TO 



're'ra 



D-57 



Appendix D 



«:S 



id 



CO p p (£> 
C) O ^ 00 



ppppp'r^pcj 
cJodcricooioitboo 
i-cooomtodjoon 



ooooifi'^oir) 

Tj->^ 00 r-' ■^' iri '-^ in 

r^ooooooocococo 

•,-■■-•,-•«)• .- 1- ■--■»»■ r-^ o o o 



ooo o o o o o o o o o o o o o o 

moo o oooooooooi/>0'>-o 

moo ••- oooT-ooot^pcjoqoqrv. 

uScvicd 00 o)'>9-'h^CNJT)-rocb'ririo>a)odco 

mom CO nc\j t~~ ^ o ■^ CO O) o <o 00 00 5 

ooco CO coco^^co^r^coco^- ^ 



CO CO m ••- 1^ 1^ m CO t m in tt c\i in in in in in c\j c\j cvj in in co in co c\i m in t^ t-^ r^ co 
— — r- ,- ■^ ■,- ■^ ■,-■•- ■^ T- ■^ ■^ »- ^ ^ ^ o »- o •^ »- •- o o o o 



I'J I. I K'l Ul ^— 1^ 1^ U# ^ J 

■^ •.- o »- >- o o >- o 



'=-■*_ 



c c 



2-> 

cof 



o 



CVl 
^O 9 « 

9 c c c 

§i2N 

c « o .is 



So 2:6 
.-2^-0^ 



(0 

« >.2>-c o >, 
i i o i :==21 i 

-= -r: ts CO c -C CO 

2 2'>'2 03.2- — ■ 

•O -D ■£ -D O ■>."D t 



9 a> <B 



« 



(B c Q a 

n>ouocc,c«cco.-e^ 
— — .B)cOOT3~a)a>^ — — 






^ . — ^ ™ 



a Q. 

o-o 

.Q-c 



j: >. 



.t; O O 
*" 5 O 



nj .™ 

*i 

5.:=- 

■>.>■ 



2-^ mis. 

>,;^- . to ry O 



2 O 2 

wd'2. 



« 

£ .^ .X 

>^ (0 nJ 
j^ ^ i: 



-mi 



2 X O.^ <» CO i" o 
T302"n^-=« 



2 •« 









„ « n> S 



^H=i=Fi= (= t=: jS (S jS (S; ^ ^ ^ (2: 



re (Q (0 CO fQ CO CO re i; re re ^. re re 

7S 7K ^ m TS ^^ rtl o5 ^ ^ ^ CD 



Q « 2 O w ^.fr. 

re iS iS ti iS ^.^. 



^S^eeeSSe.^£e8^ S 

-ijf k» -llr ^ -^^ •- ►— T~~ ^- *w ^^ ^- *w «*_ • — 



X 7 X Li ^ l: ^ " P^ ^ t: u: 7: ^ 
a.:,' 5.C 



". E'^-z"* e E". E E 



2 - 2 co" re I-" - ""-r-" re re to' re re 



OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCM 
OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

pcyoqpcoppcvjcqp^cvjinoinppin 

'-clcg^ihcoo>o>t^c\j'^^o»c\j«btb«b t^ o »-'co^c\ic\i'^o>o>c\idin'>-'inrv;c6c>CT>o6 

r^'>-c>jCMCMC\i<ointCMC\jc\ioooc\j»-c\j »- cm cjflo^'^^oocjcviotDr-cococo'«rr^r~~'«t 

--- .-__- ^ coinooco 



ooooooooooooooooo 
ooooooooooooooooo 
ooooooocMnoomooomm 



'-COCO^'^^'-'-^'-^ "- y- ^-CgtOJOtO^-lf^COOt^ 



oooooo oo 
oooooo oo 
ininO'--oo oo 



■V »- »- ^ ^ »- r-. <o to CO CO CO <o m CO r* CO t-~ t--. t-» m <o «D <D m CO CO m m «D CO CO <D m m m m cjinm'>-in^ com 

•- O oo O O O oo O O O O ■r- O O O O O O >- O O O •- O O •-•- O •- O O '-•-'- •- ^ ^ ,- •- ^ ^ ,- ,- 



w re 

19, ■ ^ 

T: w * • 

■5«reSS 

™ o B « » 
E « re-c £ 

C m « ^ ^ 



■Ow 



reSP£ 
E u u u 
3 re re 



=sE 



.«?- 
o q 
>. < 
8E 

if 

- a 
It 



a a 



X (B 



CJ 



_» 



re o • 
IS. 



c c *o re re .= jz " 



^tt S « c 



3 Q.C3. C^^ <S^. 

<p (0 JO ^ re JO ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 



a .a 



•o E 

■JS re ^ c c • 
™ c "5 re re £ 

2 2 E E E-'^ 
o a> o o o z. ■t^ 

o o re re re ^ 



o o — 
re Q. >-c 

. Q. Q. t" « 
m S .2 O ...... .. 

h- f— C'in«wJ=iri=Z.i= 



o 9 

re .-5 

« £ >. 
."5 Q.-C 
^ 8 10 

■S2:« 

sore 



>>^ 



^2 



Ore 



o «-o 

ElE 

a.2 



Ig,:^! 



o O § 

= Q. t 

.2:=.E 
■a >.re 

tM.'o £ 



. ~^re 

CO ™ » 
^.Q re 



A'O'in 



^. !52«2fl522^2 



88f 

>>>>E ' w — in 

■5>-5.§.^2 2o 

0) a o re m 9^ 
c c c op -c ^ 

>,>,>, >o o >» 

.£.£.£ ^7-1 _g £ 
OD OD « OO ^ • 

re re re jX-.S 2 
^,2,2,20 (2 



D-58 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



I o 






</)S 



"RPP P P P P PPP<»qconqioooiDuioooocooorv.a)ir)oc\jooqcyoooi-^!Dt^ 
'-00 o o o o oooooooooooooo'-ooo'-^oo — oooooi-^ooooooo 




3 3 « S T3 

• * X ™ (0 c .£ 

« « * 5 y :5 5 

^^ ffl — ^ ^ — 
£i2 =t2££t2 



^9 2 „S 



2 1 E >. 
8£t2- 



p rat^T.e o 



u * P 



2 >. 6 E > 



>= a 6.1^ E Q. 6 E Q. E 



o o ^ 
Q.ca.t= 



o o o o o o 
o o o o c^ o 
p pen q o o 
t^ ui <b oj o 00 

O CJTT lOCJ■•- 
lO •* t^ 



ooooooooo 

800000000 
poooooioo 
iftc\ioirir>co<boo 



00 O (S o o o 

•- o •>- o o o 
o in o otr> o 
^r^ oHflo cvj 
CO o •* o>tD in 

PU<\J T- t^ ^ 



qpp«-^popoqooqoqqminfloo<o 
uScviuSc\i^(£>o6dCT>r~^(dir>«boi— 'r-~'cri»- 
(Ocoir>oo<oo>o>ooo^(oo<o><-rgr^(Doo 
»- ift ■« m n •- ■<» m 1^ «o <o C5«ooe\j 



8- 
« 

— ' X 

IE 

c « • " 

I 8 3^' 

E>-c a^c « 
5 o o -c 

i; i: i: 'C'S 
,0) ,9 ,9 ,9 



^ « 1 £>' 

■some 
O !r TO t 

= i""s; o 

ni <n 



C W C (J 



III 



— - i5 

o <» 
c S S o * 
S c -IS- w ™ 
2 * « «£ 
*-° ® 9-2 

:5«"Eii. 

<o S ™^ o 

= «= U i- !2 
« » (8 E a- 

i E E 8.5 



in.P 

(\j" o 



:«E 



.-= >- r- • 






^a 



o o c y 

• p w o ro 

c ^— o 

E c O <-> 

fc b y ra 

CO CO n) Q 



o >. 

V- 

8 ^ 

£ n 
cii 
CD o 
«".£ 
2.E 

C >.( 

^£| 

(/) in !5 

.2.2 I 
££ ra 
, - -"^ 
foZ o5 

cd'Z 



•£=5 
c/) o o 

• •.!? 

E£75 X = 
.« 2 O c 
.■5 E « £ 2 
y o-c: • • 
" r= ■s;-= E 



c 2 
.c .2>^ 

■^ t-pu ;£ Jo 
Hcjcvi' 



113 



» a. 

ill!. 

litti 

T o t- 1- XI 

q-S-c^c^i 

O cocoF 



11 

— ■ -» i* '^ ® ® 
nj ? 2 2 = "- 

c SSeSS 

Q. a a cn£ 3 
.2.S.2.S.S.O 
jc £ j: ^ ^ ^ 



is :|l 
is » 
of gE 



£ « 

o c5 

= c 

li o 

XI u 

if 

™ cfl E 
J5 c c 
.E .t: .t: 



D-59 



Appendix D 






^S 



(02 



o o o o 
>- o o o 
o o o o 



q q p ■■-; c\j q 
o c\i o o> oi d 
o> 00 r>. CO CO vn 



oooooooocoooooooooooooooooooooooo 
ooooooooooooininoooooooooooooooiooo 
i/jtococoqooq-^ojuiqO'i-qcjuicoqqcoooTrujqqqqqint^qq 

»-oo)'-ooc\j'}-cooiocoteo^oou5r-~ior^oo<ot^ooc\jc\ic\JOootoiOtf> 



'-Ol'-CMn'^CNJCOCOtOTO 



CO >->--- T- CO •^ 



-- CM C\J CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM in ••- CM CM CO l/> IT) CM IT) CM lO 1/1 »- lO lO lO LO ^ LO IT) t- >- t- lO U1 >- U1 in 



E 

■— 2 

TO ■</) 

9.-0 



" TO-D T3 
73 c/) Q) ® 

2 * TO TO 
>. E X X 

X S O O 

•?>••£■£ 
II 8.**- 

TO jc TO TO 



o o 

TO TO 

"to • * 



E TO c 

2 o O 

to -Q -iS.S 

T3 0) ."S !2 >. >. 

0) m O O X X 
^JS TO TO O O 

X Q C C o IS 

o o. o o -5,-5. 
£ 233 J3£ 
0) Q. v) v) 0) e 

o o c c ^^ 
-= -= O 9 X X 

w !2 ."2 ."S !5 ."5 ."2 *rt 



E-^ 
TO <n 

I" 
O TO 

S-a 
E • 

_TO to 
Q. X 



^o| 






2 J:; 

TO-S 



. <».9 



^■Sa^SS.iE^ 
■5lcgTOre"i:J5t 

*Q Q.<n <n inCO-^.tr 

;o ^ 1- ffl Tp 

Ko'oQ'oOoE'V 

C.^ !S !2 15 !5 !2 .■^.■=- 



5.y a. 

Q} Q> 9 
C C C 



E E E 

000 
c c c 



E E E 

o o"o 
c c c 



i: E 
u 2 



•:^ c 
E 



-S-S-S-S o 3 



£S TO 

E 6 fi 

TO TO i5 



it 

» TO ^ 
TOT) <^ 
i: O « 
T; c c 



a> 3 o 
-2>.>. 
9- * ® 

TO I 
^CMCM 

^ ^ ^ E 
o o o E 

U O U TO 



8.2 

O TO 

5.= 



: TO ■" 
LoD E 



-="^-^^ •= X 






■£ £ £ 



® o ® o 
c c c c 

(S Q> 0} ® 



IS X 

2 « 



— ■B 



o o 



00000000000000C31000000000 

oooooomoooooirtooooouioooooo 
TrinioqcMCMqqqooiO'-ocMO'-wocMonqo 
oicricodcboodrvIaJoi'-^jodoboticM'r-fotDT-^oiiod'--' 
o>o)ror^coir>0(0<0(0^oooo>ooor^(0<Dt^ooina>o> 



0000000 000 
0000000 000 
oqqqqqin oqin 
ibroin<bh»'cMco ^■v'cm 
■^©^•^^t^o 0)cno> 



•- ••- m t^ o CM CM «D CD «o r^ CM n •* •- cocm cm'^^'^t •- cm cm cm cm cm cm con 



0000000 ooq 

t' CM n' 00 in iri cji •*' CO CD 

cono>no)do> of^o> 

CM ■n CM CO t t CMCMCn 



m m <D CD m m m CO CD CD CD o> m ■* CO •- »- m m »- M- m CO CO co m m in mm m t^ m c^ coeocommcoco mmm 



•.-^OO'-'-'-OOOOO'-'-O'-'-'-^'-'-'-OO 



is; 

fa 
o o 
13 13 



u 
re 0) 

e E o 

E ""-S 



■62 
c2 
o a> 



TO-O 

? « 5 5 £ 



fc o o o 



^^ >-2 



■ re <B 



(Q (0 (0 (Q fl) 



2-R 
111 



E 
o 
« : a 

E -TO 

■^ :•§. 



«£q.2 E 

c * — TO 3 
>.-Q.>..e.C « 

tilfliill 

XcD(<|3Ac33.c 



■.-•.- ^ ^ »- ^ ^ O •- O »- •- O »- ^ O O ^ ^ »- 



E_ 

o •" 

•5:5 

T32> 



9 a 
,^ -e TO re 

j'V o « o « 
> o^ 2 o o . 

J .2 ^-2 .2 .2 . 

- -^ X -R -c .c • 
J .2 Q a U U 

- .>- JC L_ .>- .>- 



~- ■. • » - 



™ .™ .™ .!» .™ .™ .•='n .■srAi .J. .i Ai Ai .y CM <M 
'"■'"■'"■''■'"■'= (^ cm' t^ (^ t^ t^ t^ t^ (^ ^' ^' 



'"-2 "♦. '-.CM_ 
^' CO"^''^' 



3.Q.S. 



re u 
$ «cm' o 

2 o o5 2 

6>^co2 



o 



5 or) 

£ OTf 



<» « n'S 

loll 
o^IT o 
.c j: CO jr 

,y .y CM y 



0) c c 

C N S 



I^J?5^ 



".CO m 
Ot'co' 
Ocm't-' 



T3 »- 

^^ 

TO ^— 
U « 

z c 

3 TO 

c jr e 

" ® S 

o « 

2— *- 

O i: > 

222 
y 05 

ill .c j: 
Coo 






D-60 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1990 



oo-^rooo OOOOOOOOOOOOOh^OOOOOOOOOOO 
OCO-^OIOO OOOOCNJOOOOOO'-OOOOOOOOLnOOOO 

ooooino oioooooooocooonocNjoooQDi/ioooo'^ 



oooooooooooo 

•-00000000000 

ot-^'<3-oioooinoooo 



*:S 



c\]'-uii/)a)i/) inooococNJco'^OT-oioooojDootoinaioton-TLnir) 
CNjoir^CTicDoi »-i^nr^cjor-~cnoinT^T'jiDcDr^o^c\j'T'-iootr) 
■r- >- oj •^ IT) CO CO r-- ■^ in r~ >- CNj »- >- T- ■•- •- o o o •- >- in o i/) in 



CMM-cDmin->t<ciD--c\jcor-- 
csj-sj-iDTtinoiniO'-'-'-O) 



•^ .- ■"3- CO ■^ •- 



n "- »- — (M 



r^cMincvj.— '-•-iniDiDiDin 



!p E 
o 2 

N J3 

9 3 
n'c 



JO ra c 



' c ^ 



* <« U A £ 
c — ^ .<2 ™ 

C X • ' fl) -^ 

< o e n 0) ^ >■ 
- ^ -L c — £ 

">. >««5 jz o5 . 
: ? *.ni-uSo 




llii^lirisitlll 



(0 



■(5 3 
>-^ 

3 V> 



>-.E 



2 <» E " ■§ * 2 ^ S S 5 



tvE'Oc??ccSccccc 

-i ?^— 5-S aaS-O-Q-Q-Q-Q- 
>•£ _>• >.^ ^ooSgoooo 

c5 ? o5 o o Tj Q- Q-3 Q- Q- S. Q. a 
p = p£_ooooooooo 

"-zSi.i.i.i.i.i.i.i.i.i.i 



TJ o o o 

9 T3X) -O 
o O 0) o 
_K c: c c 

_ 0) c c c 
O w ^ m A 0) ^ 

T5c5nj9-9-9-2 „, 
mEcconrooi^c^ 
o o 2 ^"^"^"£ .c « "> 
re,^ Q. I . ' Q. n 9 > 

rt n"r'"r'"^"^"^ in n > 



P 

it 

iS.o 

(0 flj 



2 :t 

o 

^ ■ 5 

3 9 — 

- > y 



^■^szsi^^^ o ^-M 
— — E E E E E — ir=r 
£ :£ K t^ K K H £ £ £ 

c c"».-«.'>:t^.«o p p c 

C C rvi ^Nl f*il />VI /IM ^ ^ C 



2 >«:?: 
aj >•■£ ■ 



5 5 cvi"c\j"c\j cvj'co £ •= g 
H-t- cJcvTcvrpgcvTl— f-t- 



0) ?•— * 

F £ * E 

i o5 E c 

'r E •= H- 

E <^J"t^'2i.o 
i: «' in 



l§ 



oV ^ 

rare 1^0 

<» t) i5 tj — 
>< O i-o >• 



>.E 
^-2 c 

m t: re ^ »-^«- 



.45 ^ » 



« — 
re E 

ee| 

_ ^ c 

rr re c 
^ >-^ 
o o <" 



E 


e 


E 


r 


r 




c 





c 


a> 


0) 





Q. Q.Q. 



^2 

«)2 



_ _ _' O Q (_ 
OOO'-OOOO 

«o cri d d r^ •^ • 



m^-mmo)Ujmin 



000000000000000000000000000000000000 
ooinooininoooooinooooooooooooooooooomooin 
»-coinm<noooooocoino>o>oooou>0'-no»-ooinooo«-or^o>cDOOD 



(D <D O CO f*^ ^ 

>- >- cvj r-- o) CD 

>- '-tT CViCO CO 



"* CD ^ m " 

10 T O <D > 

•^ m co■' 



■o•v■v■•-lnc3>c^J•«^-o>o»o^lno>lncD(Mcocooo>co■•-^^'- 



'» m m TT m o •^ • 



•moO'-cnr--<DO<Dcji«-»-h-cooc\jopa 
inin'-incMcocNjcoc\jmmcO'-c\j'-c\j'- 




if 

T3 >• 



0.2 



^^p 



o 3 E • 
c S o 5 

•Elig 



c o 2 ® 0) 

® c £ >< •^ 

£ 2 2 ^ i 
re ffl^ 0-5. 
<J-^ n <J c 

I?" >.V I 

c >, >, f5 — >« >• >>5 

re Iff ?"1 I f S" 

£ h= t^ £ £ t^ h: I- £ 
« 4 in ® " in in in ^ 
^ (\i' co" ^ ^ co' co' in •£ 
K »-"'-" ►^ K co" co" co"l— 



D-61 



Appendix D 



*:S 






C/5^ 



oooqpppqoqoooopooopoop^popooopoooocnooooooir) 

^^-^c^jcrllr)l^)^^0'-a>dc)a>'-;b^»c\j■ 

<D(Dr^r-^r^r^r»t^oor-~ooooc\jcncoroi-' 



0000000 



OOOOOOOOOOOOOOO'-'-O'-OOOOO'-'-'-t-'-'-T-OO'-''- y- ^ y- -r- 






£5« 

O CO 

= c\j 



imm 



atcnto ^'" 

CNJ ^ lO-o c 
® ® O ffi > 
_3 _3 ^^ O 

CD CD 00 ^ (Q 



ra 

>. - 
■o '- 
c c 
S <» 
o 2 



"^ "V? nP -"^ 

•- C\J f^ o> fo '- 
to 1^ e « « « ^ Q- 

C C 0>0) CDCDi- ^ 

«a)cccc__ 
OOOOOOCCOC 



•I 

H 



a o 

J3 O 



•5 ™ O rj 



1- >•>- 



■D 5 

DC 2> 



.5 w 50 

c o 

*£ ~ A 
_ O) 

jcxf.E 5 
- »Q J 

■o^ -i5 

[1 . V ffi 

-i":^ >, O 

10 « ™ - '^ 



16 






® ^ 
c « 



« > " 

E .y 



^ " ;: 

S™E 



8. 
„_ . .8 

». •" — ^ • — 

y- 1 ra o F 0) dj 

8. T « . . > 
o o -^ ® o ® 

C C C >'C c c 

o o o-£ o o o 

c c c « c c c 
J6 i6 J6 « jo Jo j6 



CD CD 






c u) 
>5 
>>>> 



el 

e g I n 5 o o 
o o c o • 

E .u^Oooaooo-iooo 
oTi? «>.a)"-c a.S.StttEttt 

•S ^ T3 ^-5 <J=-DT3 >>>->»n) >.>.>. 

we^S'c*®^^^-^- °->. Q- Q- Q- 
2 1 E § S S a a^V fH ^H £ fy ^H fy 

>.>.■>.>. >.^^;£ ^C^C.E^^^ 

C C C C C C C>>>>>TJ>>> 



CNJOOOOOOO 000000 0000000 00000000000 

O O O O O O in O (00)0000000000 10 o o o o o o o o o o 

---- - - Tro>0'«»-mopi/)moi/>o loooi^mooooop 

tvicriTruSjb ir)obiri<b<bt-^'r-' •^t^ooi'^r-sioibcvi^co 

•* ■^ CM M- CM 0> C\J O 00 X" 1^ f^ 'O 00 r- O '-•-'- o 



(oooomoM-to 
CO uS d ^' ^' cvi r-^ o 

OJ'.-'-'-'-OOO'V 



000 O O O O O O O O CO 

000 OOOOOOOOtfJ 

po(o ppppo>pppp 

oor^v- oooo^i/>c*5^coo>co 

OCMr- C\J CM o 00 CsJ <£> o o •- 



CM •- •- n T- »- •- o o o o I/) o m CO in CTV cm •-cou) m tr> in m m 10 »- cm io»-ooir>'* 
fo ^ vrt <o <D irt m m m m irt ifl irt CO m CO irt o m to m <o i~» irt m 00 ■^ •* •v ■^ ■^ 't <<r in co t in m co co •* 'T •* 



O'-'-OO'-'-'- ^T-^i-^O'i-O'i-O'-O i-OO'-T-O — '-•-■•-'- 



^ ^ r- O •-'-'- o o o o o 



2 eS 



O ro 



»55-= o 
E Q. ex a> 9 



i__ c c 

C C C 5 5 
O O 



9. 9.9. 9. 9. 1 



» a. 

80 O J"=-ir >-CM 
u o n >. >.Q. A 
>•>->■ S.-C -c O 2 
0> O) D) O CD a Q.5 

O 9 O K — — — T3 

a S: a-c V V V ". 

2 2 2 '3 CM CM CM >- 
. Q. Q. Q.2 */> .*rt in t/) 



a ra 



? So-? 

-c -5 X O t « 

, .2^_Q.££ E.£ 
> K j: m « « 2 S 
5 .' ©^ E E c 5 



u 
E. 



EsS 



'-LCD 



^s 



cS3 

: </) (D a 
»^3 3 



(/) "O ^ — 

2- D * O != 

•D >.E t:^^ 

fro c c c c X Q..2 » 

_ (Qra(orarefl)(QcQfl3 
o ® ® o o J3 

)53 5 



• 8. 

nJCC 
E=- 






flJJC 

|i 

® ? 2 
o 2 " 



<B ii 
0)2 " 
irt ra .y 



5 o-5i5i5 
^ U CD CD CD 
■& c ^ ^ ^ 
(0 (0 (0 (^ cp 



3>>>>>>> 



D-62 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1990 






W2 



*:S 



ooooooo ooooooooo 

OOOOOOO U100000000 
OOOIOUIOO 0)000000000 

l/i^~^Ol^i•-ou^ •— uS(£ic>^^-.^-c\iTT 

'T'»mCT>oD'»}-or~roncO'^to<DTrm _. . . 

\r> \n \n o in lo to iDC\jcjc\jtf>f^r-~c\i»- •-CTr^r-^»-»-^«) <o^r». 



OOOOOOOO l/)00 

oooooooo r~~oo 

OOOOOO'^IO o>oo 

oiuiocoobocirvi ^uS,-' 

t^T-^JOI^'^OO f^'^'- 



(/) 



^ (Q o C 

0>tf) ^Q. 
- <" .« - 

_- « o"-- 
O O c — 
C C = O 

O 0) .? e 



« . s 

c Z 
■=-_ » 

» 9 iii 

« C (0 

^ m o 
XtsiN 



nj 
■S * 

o o 

ffi 01 Q..-e: 

•s-E o"o 

m ° ° O " 
_ ?J= S 
>.S Q Q -j: i; ni to fi" 

V- i? i? ^ Q. c <J - * 

a> o o 



o 9 ._- 
£ ™ 2 

(0 (J 






— ^ T3 T) CM C3) O)^ .52 J5 

ouuuouuouu 
cccccccccc 
MNNNNJSINJtSlisiisj 



Wan 
« is nJ 



£ S n o 



^ i5 w 

- - 2=s 
■o c c wi2 
o o u u 



So* 
2 " f5 



» E E 

3 (0 C 



ss* 

5^ o 



0*8 
E e E 



u u u o u 



"•cccc 

N N N N Kl MNJ NNKj 






OOOO0h~OO00OO000OOO00OOO0OC\JO0O0 
OOOOOCVJOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

oeoocoocvjoooooooooqioooooouimoDOuioirtoo 

^c^«nodoc6<bo^'-c\jc^i<bu^ooo»-uSoo)^o^c^ioorjoVV^» 

ir> o> O) CM o> r^ »- *- r^ r^ r^ o r^ r^ ^ m IT) ^ CO ^ CO CO ^ ^ ^ i/> ^ ^ i/> 

CO CO CNj r^ 00 00 r^ r^ r^ CO r^ »- r^ ^ *- m lo u) m »- u> »- u^ u^ r^ 



oocoir)i/)i/)i/)(C(C<C(0(c<0(C(r>ai<\jTi'(7icocococ\jcMcoc\jcoc\jcoco(M 

0O'-'-0OO0000O0O0t-t-000OO0O»-0»-0O»- 



_ = — >~ 



<rt c 5 _ 



c c c c g 
>>>>> 



n 



25 

O) 10 

"g 5) 

01 n 



"to ' "^ 

slit 

o 2 2 o 
= E.^-£ 

^ T^ ^ ro ra^ Q.- TO j; 



ra.E 
2 2 2 a> «^ 



o o o| ™ o 
TO ro ra " 8^ 

TO TO 03 

<dd<<< 

CM c c c c c c 
o E E E E E E 

Q (D tTJ <TJ fO (U (TJ 

>>>>>>> 



E c re o 
ore Q-y 

O Q.-0 TO 

£ £ « J 

E E So 
2 2 TO S 
>>55 



- o c 2 

— O 2 S 

« ® c • ^ 



r>-o 



"■ ■ p A J- 
. o ^ °- • 

3 o g b H 
w o ° o 3 

^So, »<i)XO 

c c ^->C ^^ ^ 

TO TO . J. . >« > 

XX o E ci>:x 



(5 <2 
u n c (/> 

y^^ - 

g <t re !^ 
^e.u.y.y 

2 c c c • r; o 
X O O o ■;; K! j: 

9 ifi (/) (/) _0 r 

^ a 9 9 >, O O 
X C C Cx P C 



•- O 



-= ^^ • * * 

cmxxxcmxx 



»:■>.">.">.<' 



D-63 



f ^ " 



iiBBre5g!iigj]u.uiJj-jjj,iJniniMgi!BiaraiiJ^^ 



FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE 
January 29, 1992 



Contact: 



Ed Carroll 
202-205-1819 

OPA 92-005 



ITC PUBLISHES 74TH ANNUAL REPORT ON SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



The combined production of all synthetic organic chemicals and primary 
products from petroleum and natural gas in 1990 was 179.5 billion kilograms, 
according to the ITC. That amo\int is 3.7 percent more than the output in 
1989. 

Sales of these materials in 1990, which totaled 101.6 billion kilograms, 
valued at $93.1 billion, were 3.2 percent more than in 1989 in terms of 
quantity and 3.2 percent less in terras of value. These figures include data 
measured at several successive steps in the manufacturing process and, 
therefore, they necessarily reflect some duplication. 

The report, which is the 74th in an annual series, covers about 6,000 
individual chemicals and chemical products and presents statistics in as great 
detail as possible without revealing the operations of individual producers. 
The report was prepared from data supplied by 670 primary manufacturers and 
includes a list of manufacturers of each item for which production and/or 
sales were reported. 

Copies of the report Synthetic Organic Chemicals. United States Production and 
Sales. 1990 (USITC Publication 2470, December 1991) may be obtained by calling 
202-205-1809 or from the Office of the Secretary, U.S. International Trade 
Commission, 500 E Street SW. , Washington, DC 20436. Requests may also be 
faxed to 202-205-2186. 



-30-