(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Synthetic organic chemicals"

United States International Trade Commission 



3 9999 



*W*1 SYNTHETIC 



ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

United States Production 
and Sales, 1991 



USITC PUBLICATION 2607 
February 1993 



rftf*** 





Seventy-Fifth Annual Edition 



UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION 



COMMISSIONERS 

Don E. Newquist, Chairman 

Peter S. Watson, Vice Chairman 

David B. Rohr 

Anne E. Brunsdale 

Carol T. Crawford 

Janet A. Nuzum 



Office of Operations 
Robert A. Rogowsky, Director 

Office of Industries 
Vern Simpson, Director 



This report was prepared principally by Cynthia B. Foreso, 

Jesse Lawrence Johnson, Dr. Aimison Jonnard, Eric Land, 

Edward Matusik, David Michels, Denby L. Misurelli, Elizabeth R. Nesbitt, 

James Raftery, Robert Randall, and Cynthia Trainor. 

Assistance in the preparation of the report was provided by 

Kenneth R. Kozel, Gwen L. Bennett, Brenda Carroll, Elaine T. Freeman, 

Lemuel Shields, and Darlene Smith. Data Processing was provided by 

James Gill, and Annie Sams. 

Electronic publishing and design was provided by 

Pamela Chase, Keven Blake, Joyce Bookman, and Paulette Henderson. 



Address all communications to 

Secretary to the Commission 

United States International Trade Commission 

Washington, DC 20436 



UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

United States Production and Sales, 1991 



USITC Publication 2607 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

CONTENTS 

Page 

Introduction 1 

Summary 3 

General 5 

Sections 

1. Coal tar, tar crudes, and pitches 1-1 

2. Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion 2-1 

3 Cyclic intermediates 3-1 

4. Dyes 4-1 

5. Organic pigments 5-1 

6. Medicinal chemicals 6-1 

7. Flavor and perfume materials 7-1 

8. Plastics and resin materials 8-1 

9. Rubber-processing chemicals 9-1 

10. Elastomers 10-1 

11. Plasticizers 11-1 

12. Surface-active agents 12-1 

13. Pesticides and related products 13-1 

14. Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products 14-1 

15. Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 15-1 

Appendixes 

A. Directory of manufacturers A-l 

B. Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names B-l 

C. Synthetic Organic Chemicals, U.S. production and sales, 

1991, harmonized system basis C-l 

D. Alphabetical chemical index D-l 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Introduction 

This is the 75th annual report of the U.S. 
International Trade Commission on domestic 
production and sales of synthetic organic chemicals 
and the raw materials from which they are made. The 
report, along with the quarterly report titled 
Preliminary Report on U.S. Production of Selected 
Synthetic _Organic Chemicals (Including Synthetic 
Plastics and Resin Materials), is prepared under 
investigation No. 332-135, Synthetic Organic 
Chemicals Reports. This investigation is conducted 
under the authority of section 332(g) of the Tariff Act 
of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1322(g)), for the purpose of 
collecting data and preparing public reports on 
synthetic organic chemicals, plastics materials, 
medicinal chemicals, pesticides, and other organic 
chemical products. The annual report consists of 15 
sections, each covering a specified group (based 
principally on use) of organic chemicals as follows: 
Tar and tar crudes; primary products from petroleum 
and natural gas for chemical conversion; cyclic 
intermediates; dyes; organic pigments; medicinal 
chemicals; flavor and perfume materials; plastics and 
resin materials; rubber-processing chemicals; 
elastomers; plasticizers; surface-active agents; 
pesticides and related products; miscellaneous end-use 
chemicals and chemical products; and miscellaneous 
cyclic and acyclic chemicals. Data have been supplied 
by approximately 698 producers. 

Each of the 15 sections is headed by a summary of 
the statistical data. The first table in each section gives 
statistics on products and groups of products in as great 
detail as is possible without revealing the operations of 
individual producers. Statistics for an individual 
chemical or group of chemicals are given only when 
there are three or more producers, no one or two of 
which may be predominant. Moreover, even when 
there are three or more producers, statistics are not 
given if there is any possibility that their publication 
would violate the statutory provisions relating to 
unlawful disclosure of information accepted in 
confidence by the Commission. 1 

Data are reported by producers for only those items 
where the volume of production or sales or value of 
sales exceeds certain minimums. Those minimums are 
450 kilograms of production or sales or $1,000 of 
value of sales for organic pigments, medicinal 
chemicals, flavor and perfume materials, 
rubber-processing chemicals, elastomers, and those 
chemicals whose end-use is not readily determinable; 
2,250 kilograms or $5,000 for tar and tar crudes, 
petroleum and natural gas products, dyes, plasticizers, 
surface-active agents, and pesticides; 4,500 kilograms 
or $10,000 for cyclic intermediates and miscellaneous 
cyclic and acyclic chemicls; 9,000 kilograms or 
$20,000 or miscellaneous end-use chemicals and 
products; and 22,500 kilograms or $50,000 or plastics 
materials. Data are usually supplied in terms of 
undiluted materials; however, for reporting purposes, 
products of 95 percent or greater purity are considered 
to be 100 percent pure. Commercial concentrations are 
applicable for dyes, certain plastics and resins, and a 
few solvents; such concentrations are specifically 
noted. 



1 U.S.C. § 1905 and 44 U.S.C. § 3508. 



The statistics given in this report include data from 
all known domestic producers of the items covered and 
include the total output of each company's plants, i.e., 
the quantities produced for consumption within the 
producing plant, as well as the quantities produced for 
domestic and foreign sale. The quantities reported as 
produced, therefore, generally exceed the quantities 
reported as sold. Some of these differences, however, 
are attributable to changes in inventory. 

The second table in each section lists all items for 
which data on production or sales have been reported, 
by primary manufacturers, identified by 
manufacturers' codes. Each code consists of not more 
than three capital letters and is assigned on a 
permanent basis. 

The third table in each section is a directory, 
alphabetized by the codes of the manufacturers 
reporting in that section. 

Appendix A is a directory, alphabetized by the 
names of the manufacturers reporting in all sections 
and which includes their general corporate phone 
numbers and office addresses. 

Appendix B lists synonymous names for cyclic 
intermediates. Information on synonymous names of 
the organic chemicals included in this report may be 
found in the SOCMA Handbook: Commercial Organic 
Chemical Names, published by the Chemical Abstracts 
Service of the American Chemical Society, or the 
Colour Index (Revised Third Edition), published 
jointly by the Society of Dyes and Colourists and the 
American Association of Textile Chemists and 
Colonists. 

Appendix C presents the data in this report 
aggregated in the format of the Harmonized System 
(HS) nomenclature on a 6-digit HS basis. 

Appendix D is an alphabetical index of all the 
products in this edition of the report 

Data contained in this report are compiled 
primarily from Commission questionnaires sent to 
domestic producers and represent the best data 
available to the Commission. While the data supplied 
in the questionnaires are checked against data 
previously supplied by the submitting firm and with 
data supplied by other domestic producers, data are not 
independently verified by direct Commission 
examination of the books of companies furnishing 
information. Data contained in this report should not 
be used for investment and other purposes without 
independent verification. 

As specified in the reporting instructions sent to 
manufacturers, production and sales (unless otherwise 
specified) are defined as follows: 

Production is the total quantity of a commodity made 
available by original manufacturers only within 
the customs territory of the United States (includes 
the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto 
Rico). It covers synthetic organic chemicals, 
specified crudes from petroleum and coal tar, and 
certain chemically described natural products, such 
as alkaloids, enzymes, and perfume isolates. It is the 
sum — expressed in terms of 100% active ingredient 
unless otherwise specified in the reporting 
instructions — of the quantities: 



Introduction 



Produced, separated, and consumed in the same 
plant or establishment A commodity is 
considered separated either when it is 
isolated from the reactive system or when it 
is not isolated, but weighed, analyzed, or 
otherwise measured. This includes 
by-products and co-products that are not 
classifiable as waste materials; 

Produced and not isolated, but directly 
converted to a finished or semifinished item 
not included in this report (e.g.. polyester 
film, polyurethane tires, nylon fiber, bar 
soap, etc.). (See specific instructions in 
individual sections); 

Produced and transferred to other plants or 
establishments of the same firm or 100% 
owned subsidiaries or affiliates; 

Produced and sold to. or bartered with, other 
firms (inclu ding less than 100% owned 
subsidiaries); 

Produced for others under toll agreements (see 
general instructions); and 

Produced and held in stock. 

PRODUCTION EXCLUDES: 

Purification of a commodity, which is 
purchased by. or transferred from within, the 
company, unless inclusion of such 
processing is specifically requested in the 
reporting instructions for individual 
sections; 

Intermediate products which are formed in the 
manufacturing process, but are not isolated 
from the reaction system— that is, not 
weighed, analyzed, or otherwise measured; 



except such products as described above as 
being produced and not isolated, but directly 
converted to a finished or sernifinished item. 
Materials that are used in the process but 
which are recovered for re-use or sale; 
Waste products having no economic 
significance. 

SALES are actual quantities of commodities sold by 
original manufacturers only. Sales include the 
quantity and value of: 

Shipments of a commodity for domestic use or 
for export, or segregation in a warehouse 
when title has passed to the purchaser in a 
bona fide sale; 

Shipments of a commodity produced for a 
company by others under toll agreement; 

Shipments to subsidiary or affiliated 
compajnies, provided the ownership is less 
than 100%. 

SALES EXCLUDE: 

All intra-company transfers within a corporate 

entity; 
All shipments to 100% owned subsidiary or 

affiliated companies; 
All resales of imported or purchased material. 

including materials obtained by barter; 
All shipments of commodity produced for 

others under toll agreements. 

VALUE OF SALES is the net dollar receipts of sales 
f.o.b. plant or warehouse, or delivered. F.o.b. values 
were preferred, but if they are not readily available 
from company records, delivered values were 
acceptable. 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Summary 

Combined production of all synthetic organic 
chemicals, coal tar and crudes, and primary products 
from petroleum and natural gas in 1991 was 177,828 
million kilograms — a decrease of 1.0 percent from the 
output in 1990. Sales of these materials in 1991, which 
totaled 101,236 million kilograms, valued at $85,464 
million, were 0.4 percent less than in 1990 in terms of 
quantity and 8.2 percent less in terms of value. These 
figures include data on production and sales of 
chemicals measured at several successive steps in the 
manufacturing process, and, therefore, they necessarily 
reflect some duplication. During 1987-91, the total 
output of these products rose each year since 1987 
(figure 1). During that period the output of these 
products generally followed the trend of the Federal 
Reserve Board Index of U.S. Production, except for 
1989. 

In 1991, production of all synthetic organic 
chemicals, including cyclic intermediates and finished 
products totaled 122,971 million kilograms, or 3.2 



percent less than the output in 1990. Three sections 
showed an increase in production in 1991 over 1990: 
medicinal chemicals (184 million kilograms) increased 
by 27.8 percent; flavor and perfume materials (69 
million kilograms) increased by 15.0 percent; cyclic 
intermediates (24,103 million kilograms) increased by 
0.5 percent; of the remaining sections, pesticides and 
related products (452 million kilograms) showed a 
decreased of 19.9 percent; rubber-processing chemicals 
(155 million kilograms) decreased 13.4 percent; 
surface-active agents (3,379 million kilograms) 
decreased 11.0 percent; miscellaneous end-use 
chemicals and chemical products (13,467 million 
kilograms) decreased 10.2 percent; plasticizers (828 
million kilograms) decreased 7.1 percent; plastics and 
resin materials (28,253 million kilograms) decreased 
6.0 percent; dyes (111 million kilograms) decreased 5.3 
percent; elastomers (synthetic rubber) (2,166 million 
kilograms) decreased 3.0 percent; organic pigments (51 
million kilograms) decreased 2.4 percent; and 
miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals (49,754 
million kilograms) decreased 0.4 percent in 1991 from 
that in 1990. 



Table 1 

Synthetic organic chemicals and their raw materials: U.S. production and sales, 1990 and 1991 

Sales 



Production Quantity 

Increase 
or 

Decrease 
(-),1991 
over 
Chemical 1990 1991 1990 1 1990 

Million Million Million 

kilograms kilograms Percent kilograms 

Grand total 179,546 177,628 -1.0 101.624 

Coal tar and crudes 843 759 -10.0 ~~ (2) 

Primary products 

from petroleum 

and natural gas 51,722 54,098 4.6 26,914 

Synthetic organic 

chemicals, total 3 126,981 122,971 -3.2 74,710 

Cyclic intermediates 23,996 24,103 0.4 11,866 

Dyes 117 111 -5.3 104 

Organic pigments 53 51 -2.4 45 

Medicinal chemicals 144 184 27.8 107 

Flavor and perfume 

materials 60 69 15.0 37 

Plastics and resin 

materials 30,053 28,253 -6.0 25,729 

Rubber-processing 

chemicals 179 155 -13.4 136 

Elastomer (synthetic 

rubber) 2,233 2,166 -3.0 1,555 

Plasticizers 891 828 -7.1 827 

Surface-active agents 3,795 3,379 -11.0 1,930 

Pesticides and related 

products 557 452 -19.9 442 

Miscellaneous end-use 

chemicals and 

chemical products 14,992 13,467 -10.2 10,737 

Miscellaneous cydic 

30 d scvclic 

chemicals 49,912 49,754 -0.4 21,197 

1 Percentage calculated from figures rounded to thousands. 

2 Not available 

3 Because of rounding, figures may not add to the totals shown. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. 



Value 



Increase 

or 

decrease 

(-),1991 

over 

1990 1 1990 



Increase 
or 

decrease 
(■),1991 
over 
1991 1990 1 



Million Million 

kilograms Percent dollars 



Million 

dollars Percent 



101,236 



93,092 85,464 -8.2 



( 2 ) 



27,640 



( z ) 



( 2 ) 



( z ) ( z ) 



11,206 9,634 -14.0 



73,596 
11,494 

107 
39 

133 


-1.5 

-3.1 

2.8 

-11.9 

24.3 


81,886 

10,981 

775 

717 

2,169 


75,830 

7,588 

761 

644 

2,376 


-7.4 
-30.9 

-1.8 

-10.3 

9.5 


39 


5.4 


992 


925 


-6.8 


24,787 


-3.7 


30,529 


28,141 


-7.8 


114 


-16.2 


458 


457 


-0.2 


1,529 

810 

2,028 


-1.7 
-2.1 
5.1 


3,128 

967 

2,193 


2,979 
1,052 
2,257 


-4.8 
8.8 
2.9 


445 


0.7 


4,774 


4,019 


-15.8 


10.712 


-0.2 


9,711 


9,938 


2.3 


21,359 


0.7 


14,492 


14,690 


1.3 



International Trade Commission. 



Summary 

Figure 1-1 

Synthetic organic chemicals and their raw materials, total production, vs FRB Industrial 

production index 



120 



100 



- 80 




1987 



1988 



1989 



1990 



1991 



Source: Production, U.S. International Trade Commission, Synthetic Organic Chemicals: United States 
Production and Sales; FRB Industrial Production index, The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



General 

In this report, synthetic organic chemicals are 
classified on the basis of their principal use as follows: 
Cyclic intermediates, dyes, organic pigments, 
medicinal chemicals, flavor and perfume materials, 
plastics and resin materials, rubber-processing 
chemicals, elastomers (synthetic rubber), plasticizers, 
surface-active agents, pesticides and related products, 
miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical 
products, and miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic 
chemicals. Most of these groups are further subdivided 
either by use or by chemical composition. As 
intermediates, chemicals are used in the manufacture 
of finished products. Aggregate figures that cover both 
intermediates and finished products, therefore, 
necessarily include considerable duplication. 

Total production of synthetic organic chemicals 
(intermediates and finished products combined) in 
1991 was 122,971 million kilograms, or 3.2 percent 
less than the output of 126,981 million kilograms 
reported for 1990, and 55.3 percent more than the 
output of 79,144 million kilograms reported in 1977 
(table 2). Sales of synthetic organic chemicals in 1991 



amounted to 73,596 million kilograms, valued at 
$75,830 million, compared with 74,711 million 
kilograms, valued at $81,886 million, in 1990, and 
44,378 million kilograms, valued at $32,434 million, in 
1977. Production of all cyclic (ring chemical structure) 
products (intermediates and finished products 
combined) in 1991 totaled 38,789 million kilograms, 
or 0.01 percent less than the 38,823 million kilograms 
reported for 1990, and 122.2 percent more than the 
17,451 million kilograms reported for 1977; however, 
the transfer of eight items, in 1979, from the primary 
products from petroleum and natural gas section to the 
section on cyclic intermediates has caused the output 
of cyclic products to appear much higher in relation to 
1977 than would otherwise have resulted. Production 
of all acyclic (linear or branch chemical structure) 
products in 1991 totaled 82,016 million kilograms, or 
4.6 percent less than the 85,925 million kilograms 
reported for 1990, and 38.8 percent more than the 
59,057 million kilograms reported for 1977. 
Differences in trends between cyclic and acylic 
products reflect the aggregation of changes in usage of 
individual chemicals rather than preferences for cyclic 
versus acyclic chemicals. 



Table 2 

Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary U.S. production and sales of Intermediates and finished products, 

1977, 1990, and 1991 

(Production and sales in thousands of kilograms; sales value in thousands of dollars) 



Chemicals 



1977 1 



1990 



Increase or decrease (-) 



1991 



1991 over 
1977 



1991 over 
1990 



Organic chemicals, cyclic and 
acyclic, total: 

Production 79,144,460 

Sales 44,378.105 

Sales value 32,434,301 

Cyclic, total: 2 

Production 17,451 ,083 

Sales 10,833,542 

Sales value 13.410,029 

Acyclic, total: 2 

Production 59,056,510 

Sales 31,649,694 

Sales value 17,084,012 

1. Cyclic Intermediates 

Production 8,493,888 

Sales 3,622,331 

Sales value 2,596,627 

2. Dyes 

Production 119,917 

Sales 115,448 

Sales value 689,992 

3. Organic Pigments 

Production 31,165 

Sales 26,052 

Sales value 267,747 

See footnotes at end of table. 



126,980,989 
74,710,337 
81,885.632 


122,970,963 
73,596,362 
75,829,690 


55.3 

65.8 

133.7 


-3.2 
-1.5 
-7.4 


38,823,382 
23,567,459 
37,221,177 


38,788,700 
23,143,961 
33,433,914 


122.2 
113.6 
149.3 


-0.01 

-1.8 

-10.2 


85,924,531 
49,587,756 
41,536,592 


82,016,099 
48,923,274 
39,416.469 


38.8 

54.5 

130.7 


-4.6 
-1.4 
-5.2 


23,995,795 
11,865,617 
10,980,553 


24,103,470 
11.494,041 
7,588,484 


183.8 
217.3 
192.2 


0.4 

-3.1 

-30.9 


117,135 
103,897 
775,352 


110,961 
106,813 
761,415 


-7.5 
-7.5 
10.4 


-5.3 
2.8 
-1.8 


52,551 

44,773 

717,194 


51,311 

39,426 

643,561 


64.6 
51.3 
140.4 


-2.4 
-11.9 
-10.3 



General 



Table 2— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary U.S. production and sales of intermediates and finished products, 

1977, 1990, and 1991 

(Production and sales in thousands of kilograms; sales value in thousands of dollars) 



Increase or decrease (-) 



Chemicals 



1977 1 



1990 



1991 



1991 over 
1977 



1991 over 
1990 



4. Medicinal Chemicals 

Cyclic: 

Production 69,819 

Sales 37,914 

Sales value 718,392 

Acyclic: 

Production 39.377 

Sales 35,743 

Sales value 75.626 

5. Flavors and Perfume Materials 

Cyclic: 

Production 26,514 

Sales 21.232 

Sales value 134,628 

Acyclic: 

Production 41,715 

Sales 27,559 

Sales value 72,473 

6. Plastics and Resin Materials 

Cyclic: 

Production 4,899,932 

Sales 4,284,062 

Sales value 4,275,111 

Acvclic 

Production 10.804,977 

Sales 9,232,677 

Sales value 6,606,712 

7. Rubber-Processing Chemicals 

Cyclic: 

Production 152,204 

Sales 91,740 

Sales value 248,756 

Acyclic: 

Production 21 ,076 

Sales 16.254 

Sales value 29,009 

8. Elastomers (Synthetic Rubber) 

Production 2,636,867 

Sales 1.894,869 

Sales value 1,940,260 

9. Plasticizers 

Cyclic: 

Production 638,249 

Sales 630,645 

Sales value 474,781 

Acvclic 

Production 174,615 

Sales 125,784 

Sales value 157,549 

10. Surface-Active Agents 

Cyclic: 3 

Production 448,863 

Sales 212,933 

Sales value 200,244 

Acvclic 

Production 1,691,285 

Sales 927,674 

Sales value 674,778 



119,726 

65,847 

1,867,993 


136,971 

68,947 

2,077,635 


96.2 
81.9 
189.2 


14.4 
4.7 
11.2 


24,615 

41,400 

301,351 


46,934 

64,116 

298,758 


19.2 

79.4 

295.1 


90.7 
54.9 
-0.9 


39,514 

27,867 

909,620 


42,291 

27,881 

826,627 


59.5 

31.3 

514.0 


7.0 
0.1 
-9.1 


20,417 

8,647 

81,992 


26,552 
10,813 
98,851 


-36.4 
-60.8 
36.4 


30.1 
25.1 
20.6 


8,925,713 

7,512,789 

12,394,918 


8,391,008 
7,237,785 
11,425,177 


71.2 
68.9 
167.2 


-6.0 
-3.7 
-7.8 


21,127,193 
18.215,939 
18,134,437 


19,861,543 
17,549,151 
16,715,652 


83.8 

90.1 

153.0 


-6.0 
-3.7 
-7.8 


138,426 
104,280 
413,253 


139,796 

99,434 

427,997 


-8.2 

8.4 

72.1 


1.0 
-4.7 
3.6 


40.181 
32,131 
44,399 


14,800 
14,379 
29,340 


-29.8 

-11.5 

1.1 


-63.2 
-55.3 
-33.9 


2,233,076 
1,555,122 
3,127,863 


2,166,164 
1,529,127 
2,979.307 


-17.9 
-19.3 
53.6 


-3.0 
-1.7 
-4.8 


640,099 
644,104 
665,385 


604,042 
604,433 
708,491 


-5.4 
-4.2 
49.2 


-5.6 
-6.2 
6.5 


250.619 
182,423 
301,132 


223.889 
205,494 
343,973 


28.2 
63.4 
118.3 


10.7 
12.7 
14.2 


1,263,291 

1,018,716 

813,759 


1,356,258 

1,033.713 

841,648 


( 4 ) 
4 

M 


7.4 
1.5 
3.4 


2,531,363 

911.544 

1,379,089 


2,022,904 

994,110 

1,415.398 


8 


-20.1 
9.1 
2.6 



See footnotes at end of table. 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table 2— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary U.S. production and sales of intermediates and finished products, 

1977, 1990, and 1991 

(Production and sales in thousands of kilograms; sales value in thousands of dollars) 



Increase or decrease (-) 



Chemicals 



1977 1 



1990 



1991 



1991 over 
1977 



1991 over 
1990 



11. Pesticides and Related Products 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sale value 



1 2. Miscellaneous End-Use Chemicals 
and Chemical Product 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



13. Miscellaneous Cyclic and 
Acyclic Chemicals 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



376,276 

313.520 

1,664,008 

253,099 

259,376 

1,144,265 



1,252,527 
1,004,105 
1.479,800 

7,523,638 
3,919,801 
1.067.681 



941,729 
473,560 
659,943 

38,506,728 

17,104,826 

7,255,919 



361,202 

280,112 

3,366,910 

195,673 

161,453 

1,407,435 



1,469,599 
1,126.028 
2,831,664 

13,522,424 
9,610,721 
6,879,700 



1,700,331 

773,429 

1,484,576 

48,212,046 
20,423.498 
13,007,057 



300.146 

242.171 

2,834.941 

151,357 

203,165 

1,184,282 



1,781,761 
1,465,992 
3,772,391 

11,685,032 
9,245,939 
6,165.975 



1,770,685 

723,325 

1,525,547 

47,983,088 
20,636,107 
13,164,240 



-20.2 
-22.8 
70.4 

-40.2 

-21.7 

3.5 



42.3 
46.0 
154.9 

55.3 
135.9 
477.5 



88.0 

52.7 

131.2 

24.6 
20.6 
81.4 



-16.9 
-13.5 
-15.8 

-22.7 
25.8 
-15.9 



21.2 
30.2 
33.2 

-13.6 

-3.8 

-10.4 



4.1 
-6.5 
2.8 

-0.5 
1.0 
1.2 



1 Standard reference base period for Federal Government general-purpose index numbers. 

2 Does not include data for elastomers. 

3 Includes ligninsulfonates. 

4 The data for 1977 are not comparable with current data as a result of a change in accounting procedures. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



The following tabulation shows, by chemical groups, 
one or more of the chemicals included in each group. 

Number of 
Chemical group companies 

Cyclic intermediates 157 

Dyes 30 

Organic pigments 29 

Medicinal chemicals 78 

Flavor and perfume materials 26 

Plastics and resins materials 242 

Rubber-processing chemicals 20 



the number of companies that reported production in 1991 of 

Number of 

Chemical group companies 

Elastomers (synthetic rubber) 35 

Plasticizers 40 

Surface-active agents 135 

Pesticides and related products 62 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and 

chemicals products 143 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic 

chemicals 240 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 199} 



Section 1 
Coal Tar, Tar Crudes, and Pitches 

Coal tar is produced chiefly by the steel industry as 
a by-product of the manufacture of coke; water-gas tar 
and oil-gas tar are produced by the fuel-gas industry. 
Production of coal tar, therefore, depends on the 
demand for steel; production of water-gas tar and 
oil-gas tar reflects the consumption of manufactured 
gas for industrial and household use. Water-gas and 
oil-gas tars have properties intermediate between those 
of petroleum asphalts and coal tar. Petroleum asphalts 
are not usually considered to be raw materials for 
chemicals. 

The U.S. International Trade Commission began 
collecting data on crude coal tar for the 1986 reporting 
year. In 1991, U.S. production of crude coal tar was 
536 million liters. Production of crude light oil was 
204 million liters in 1991. 

Tar crudes are obtained from coke-oven gas and by 
distilling coal tar, water-gas tar, and oil-gas tar. The 
most important tar crudes are benzene, toluene, xylene, 
creosote oil, and pitch of tar. Some of these products 



are identical with those obtained from petroleum. Data 
for materials obtained from petroleum are included, for 
the most part, with the statistics for like materials 
obtained from coke-oven gas and tars, and are shown 
in table 1-1. 

The domestic production by coke-oven operators 
of industrial and specification grades of benzene, 
toluene, and xylene cannot be published since to do so 
would disclose the operations of individual companies. 
Some of the products obtained from tar and included in 
the statistics in table 1-1 are obtained from other 
products for which data are also included in the table. 
The statistics, therefore, involve considerable 
duplication, and for this reason no group totals or 
grand totals are given. 

Table 1-2 lists the products reported in this section 
and indicates the manufacturer(s) of each by code. 
These codes are identified by company name in table 
1-3. 

Data for 1991 tar crudes were supplied by 23 
companies and company divisions. 

Cynthia B. Foreso 
202-205-3348 



Figure 1-1 

Crude Coal tar: U.S. production, 1987-91 

Millions 
of liters 

800 




1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



1-1 



Section 1 

Table 1-1 

Coal tar, tar crudes, and pitches: U.S. production and sales, 1991 



Unit of 
Coal tar, tar crudes and pitches Quantity Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Average 

Unit 

value 1 



Crude coal tar 

(coke-oven operators) 1 ,000 liters 

Crude light oil: 

(coke-oven operators) 1 ,000 liters 

Light-oil distillates: 

Benzene, all grades, total 2 1 ,000 liters 

Coke-oven operators 1 ,000 liters 

Petroleum refiners 1 ,000 liters 

Toluene, all grades, total 2 1 ,000 liters 

Coke-oven operator 1 ,000 liters 

Petroleum refiners 1 ,000 liters 

Xylene, all grades, total 2 1 ,000 liters 

Coke-oven operator 1 ,000 liters 

Petroleum refiners 1 ,000 liters 

Other tar distillate 1 ,000 liters 

Crude naphthalene 1 ,000 liters 

(solidifying at 76° C to less than 79° C) 

Crude tar acid oils 1 ,000 liters 

(having a tar acid content of 5% to 
less than 24%) 
Creosote oil (Dead oil) (100 percent 
creosote basis): 
Distillate as such (100 percent 

creosote basis) 1 ,000 liters 

Creosote in coal tar solution (100 

percent solution basis) 1 ,000 liters 

Tar and tar pitches: 

Pitch of tar - hard 1 ,000 metric 

ton 



535,885 



203,741 



9,126 



430,307 



200,836 



8,145 



1,000 
Dollars 

48,048 $0.11 



27,351 



2,292 



.14 



ft 


( 3 ) 


( 3 ) 


( 3 ) 


( 3 ) 


( 3 ) 


( 3 ) 


ft 


5.926,290 


4,216,494 


1,397,618 


.33 


( 3 ) 


( 3 ) 


( 3 ) 


( 3 ) 


( 3 ) 


( 3 ) 


( 3 ) 


ft 


3,295,099 


1,662,345 


405,686 


.24 








( 3 ) 


ft 


( 3 ) 


( 3 ) 


( 3 ) 


ft 


3,138,691 


1,352,582 


326,280 


.24 


387,790 


237,975 


41,824 


.18 


110,254 


( 3 ) 


( 3 ) 


ft 



.28 



183,713 


106,231 


21,437 


.20 


84,697 


123,600 


18,095 


.15 


717 


607 


137,639 


226.73 



1 Unit value per liter or metric ton as specified. 

2 Includes data for material produced for use in blending motor fuels. The annual production statistics for 
petroleum refiners on benzene, toluene, and xylene are not comparable with the combined monthly production figures 
because of fiscal year revisions. 

3 Statistics cannot be published; to do so would disclose the operations of individual companies. 

Note.— Statistics for materials produced in tar and petroleum refineries are compiled by the U.S. International Trade 
Commission. Data for all other tars and tar crudes are not included in the 1991 report because publication would 
disclose the operations of individual companies. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



1-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 1-2 

Coal tar, tar crudes, and pitches for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 



Coal tar, tar crudes and pitches 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 1 -3) 



Light oil, light oil distillates, and tar bases: 
Crude light oil: 
Crude coal tar Yes 

Crude light oil Yes 



Pyridine, tar bases: 
Benzene (benzol): 

Tar bases: crude bases (dry basis) No 

All other: 

All other light-oil distillates No 

Other tar distillates: 
Naphthalene, crude: 

Methylnaphthalene No 

Naphthalene, crude, solidifying at less than 74° C. . . . No 
Naphthalene, crude, solidifying at 76° C to less 

than 79° C Yes 

Crude tar acid oils: 
Crude tar acid oils having a tar acid content of: 

5 percent to less than 24 percent Yes 

Creosote oil (Dead oil): 
Creosote oil (Dead oil): creosote content in 

solution (100 percent basis) No 

Creosote oil (Dead oil): creosote in coal tar 

solution (100 percent solution basis) Yes 

Creosote oil (Dead oil): distillate as such 

(100 percent creosote basis) Yes 

All other distillate products: 

Crude coal tar solvent No 

Priming and refractory oil No 

All other tar distillates No 

Tar and tar pitches: 
Tar. road: 

Tar, road No 

Tar for other uses: 

Tar for other uses: crude No 

Tar for other uses: refined No 

Pitch of tar: 

Pitch of tar: hard (M.P. 161 ° F and over) Yes 

Pitch of tar: medium (M.P. 110° To 160° F) No 

Pitch of tar: soft (M.P. 80° To 109° F.) No 

All other: 

All other pitch of tar No 



ABP, ALS, CGU, EKO, GSS, ILI, INL, KPT, 
LTV, NBC, NTS, SGO, TWD, USX, WPS 

ABP, ALS, BTS, CGU, EKO, GSS, ILI, INL 
KPT, LTV. NBC, NTS, SGO, TWD, USX. 
WPS. 



KPT, USX. 
LYP. 

KPT. 

BTS. COP, GSS. 

ACS, ART, KPT. 

ACS, INL, KPT. 

RIL 

ACS, ART. COP, KPT, RIL. 

ACS, ART, KPT, RIL. 

KPT 

BTS, KPT. 
ACS, GIV. 

ACS, RIL. 

BTS. 

ACS, KPT, RIL 

ACS, COP, KPT, RIL. 
ART, COP, RIL. 
ART. COP. 

WPS. 



1 Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'yes.' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'no.' 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



1-3 



Section 1 



Table 1-3 

Coal tar, tar crudes and pitches: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1991 



Code 


Name of company 


ABP .... 


Drummond Co. Inc. 


ACS ... . 


Allied Signal, Inc., Engineered Materials 




Sector 


ALS .... 


Armco, Inc. 


ART 


Aristech Chemical Corp. 


BTS .... 


Bethlehem Steel Corp. 


CGU .... 


Citizen Gas And Coke Utility 


COP .... 


Coopers Creek Chemical Corp. 


EKO 


Empire Coke Co. 


GIV 


Givaudan Corp. 


GSS 


Gulf States Steel, Inc. 


ILI 


Acme Steel Co. 


INL 


Inland Steel Co. 



Code 



Name of company 



KPT Kopper Industries, Inc. 

LTV LTV Steel Co., Inc. 

LYP Lyondell Petrochemical Co. 

NBC New Boston Coke Corp. 

NTS National Steel Corp., Great Lakes Div. 

RIL Reilly Industries, Inc. 

SGO Shenango, Inc. 

TWD Tonawanda Coke Corp. 

USX U.S. Steel, Div. of USX 

Clairton Plant 

Gary Works 
WPS Wheeling-Pittsburg Steel Corp. 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S International Trade Commission. 



1-4 



Section 2 

Primary Products from Petroleum 

and Natural Gas 

for Chemical Conversion 

Primary products that are derived from petroleum 
and natural gas are related to the intermediates and 
finished products made from such primary materials in 
much the same way that crude products derived from 
the distillation of coal tar 1 are related to their 
intermediates and finished products. Many of the 
primary products derived from petroleum are identical 
with those derived from coal tar (e.g., benzene, 
toluene, and mixed xylenes). Considerable duplication 
exists in the statistics on the production and sales of 
primary petroleum products because some of these 
primary chemicals are converted to other primary 
products derived from petroleum and because data on 
some production and sales are reported at successive 
stages in the conversion process. The statistics are 
sufficiently accurate, however, to indicate trends in the 
industry. Many of the primary products for which data 
are included in the statistics may be used either as fuel 
or as basic materials from which other chemicals are 
derived. In this report every effort has been made to 
exclude data on materials that are used as fuel; 
however, data are included on toluene and mixed 
xylenes, which may be used in blending aviation and 
motor fuel. 



1 Statistics on chemicals from coal tar are given in Section 
1 (Coal tar, tar crudes, and pitches) of this report. 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

The total production of primary products derived 
from petroleum and natural gas during 1987-91 is 
shown in figure 2-1. Beginning in 1988. production 
and sales data no longer are collected for ethane, 
propane, and butane. Total production for primary 
products during 1991 amounted to 54,098 million 
kilograms. 

The output of aromatic and naphthenic products 
from petroleum amounted to 12,469 million kilograms 
in 1991, compared with 12,974 million kilograms in 
1990. Sales amounted to $2,362 million in 1991 down 
from $2,889 million in 1990. In 1991, production of 
benzene was 5,209 million kilograms; production of 
toluene was 2,857 million kilograms; and production 
of mixed xylenes was 2,866 million kilograms (table 
2-1). 

Production of all aliphatic hydrocarbons and 
derivatives from petroleum and natural gas was 41,629 
million kilograms in 1991. Sales of these products 
were valued at $7,272 million. Production of ethylene 
was 18,123 million kilograms in 1991. The output of 
1,3-butadiene was 1,385 million kilograms and 
propylene production was 9,774 million kilograms 
during 1991 (table 2-1). 

Table 2-2 lists the products reported in this section 
and indicates the manufacturer(s) of each by code. The 
codes are identified by company name in table 2-3. 

Data for 1991 primary products from petroleum 
and natural gas for chemical conversion were supplied 
by 61 companies or company divisions. 

James Raftery 
202-205-3365 



Figure 2-1 

Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion U.S. production, 

1987-91 

Billions 

of kilograms 
60 




1987 



1988 



1989 



1990 



1991 



Note.— Data for 1988-91 do not include ethane, propane, and butane production. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commision. 



2-1 



Section 2 



Table 2-1 

Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion: U.S. production and sales, 1 991 



Primary products from petroleum and natural 
gas for chemical conversion 



Sales 



Production 



Quantity Value 



Average 

Unit 

value 1 



Grand total 

Aromatics and naphthenes 2 

Total 

Benzene, all grades 

Toluene, all grades 3 4 

Xylenes, mixed 

All other aromatics and naphthenes 5 

Aliphatic hydrocarbons 

Total 

C2 Hydrocarbons, total 6 

Acetylene 7 (for chemical use only) 

Ethylene 

C3 Hydrocarbons, total 8 

Propylene 9 

C 4 Hydrocarbons, total 10 

Butadiene and butylene fractions 

1 ,3-Butadiene, grade for rubber (elastomers) 

1 -Butene 

Isobutane 

Isobutylene 

All other C4 hydrocarbons 11 

C5 Hydrocarbons, total 

Isoprene (2-Methyl-1 ,3-butadiene) 

Pentenes, mixed 

All other 65 hydrocarbons 13 

All other aliphatic hydrocarbons, derivatives, and 
mixtures, total 

Alpha olefins. C6-C10 

Alpha olefins, Cn and higher 

Dodecene (Tetrapropylene) 

Hexane 

n-Heptane 

Nonene (Tripropylene) 

n-Paraffins 14 

All other 15 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
kilograms 

54,097,917 



12,469,213 



1,000 
kilograms 



1,000 
dollars 



7,439,511 2,361,625 



Per 
kilogram 



27,640,421 9,633,676 $0.35 



.32 



5,209.209 


3,706,298 


1,379,618 


.37 


2,856.521 


1,441,087 


405,686 


.28 


2,866,253 


1.235,178 


326,280 


.26 


1,537,230 


1,056,948 


250,041 


.24 


41,628,704 


20,200,910 


7,272,051 


.36 


18,260,049 


6,994,081 


2,831,794 


.40 


136.595 


63,806 


47,197 


.74 


18.123,454 


6,930,275 


2.784,597 


.40 


9,774,421 


5,587,526 


2.026.443 


.36 


9.774,421 


5,587,526 


2,026,443 


.36 


6,339,764 


4,131,838 


1,072,332 


.26 


1,046,777 


693,111 


139,031 


.20 


1,385,318 


1,387,608 


432,999 


.31 


425,457 


211,628 


92,425 


.44 


499,319 


458,547 


102,503 


.22 


440,829 


201,982 


83,031 


.41 


2,542,064 


1,178,962 


222,343 


.19 


1,696,591 


904,597 


242,277 


.27 


214,070 


163,566 


58,213 


.36 


188,536 


( 1 2) 


( 12) 


(12) 


1,293,985 


741,031 


184,064 


.25 


5,557,879 


2,582,868 


1,099,205 


.43 


469,025 


220,439 


173.160 


.79 


392,001 


214,795 


168,054 


.78 


157,390 


142,894 


65.950 


.46 


( 12 ) 


171,827 


50,324 


.29 


52,416 


55,889 


18,863 


.34 


253,756 


77,228 


35,506 


.46 


673,177 


467,294 


140,509 


.30 


3,560,114 


1,232,502 


446,839 


.36 



2-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 2-1— Continued 

Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion: U.S. production and sales, 1991 

1 Calculated from rounded figures. 

2 The chemical raw materials designated as aromatics are in some cases identical with those obtained from the 
distillation of coal tar; however, the statistics given in the table above relate only to such materials as are derived from 
petroleum and natural gas. Statistics on production and/or sales of benzene, toluene, and xylene from all sources are 
given in table 1 -1 of the report on "Coal tar, tar crudes, and pitches." 

3 Includes toluene, solvent grade, 90 percent. 

4 Includes toluene and xylene used as solvents; may include that which is blended in aviation and motor 
gasolines. 

5 Includes data for alkyl aromatics, crude cresylic acid, cyclopentane, naphthalene, naphthenic acid, carbon black 
feedstock, distillates, solvents, and miscellaneous cyclic hydrocarbons. 

6 Ethane production and sales data are no longer collected. 

7 Production figures on acetylene from calcium carbide for chemical synthesis are collected by the U.S. Bureau of 
the Census. 

8 Propane production and sales data are no longer collected. 

9 Includes data for refinery propylene. 

10 Butane production and sales data are no longer collected. 

11 Includes production and/or sales data for 2-butene, mixtures of 1-butene and 2-butene. and mixed C 4 streams. 

12 Reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 

13 Includes data for mixtures of C 5 hydrocarbons, isopentane, n-pentane, 1 -pentene, 2-perrtene, mixed pentenes, 
and piperylene. 

14 Includes data for the following chain lengths: C 6 -C 9 , C 9 -C 15 , C 10 -Ci 4 , C 12 -C 18 and others. 

15 Includes production and/or sales data for methane, isoheptanes, isohexane, iso-octane, neohexane, 
methytcyclopentadiene, mixed hexenes, mixed heptenes, mixed octenes, n-octane, di-isobutylene, mixtures of C2 
and C3, C5-C6, C5-C7, C6-C7 hydrocarbons, hydrocarbon derivatives, and other hydrocarbons. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



2-3 



Section 2 



Table 2-2 

Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which U.S. production and/or 

sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Primary products from petroleum and natural Separate 

gas for chemical conversion statistics 1 

Aromatics and naphthenes: 

Alkyl aromatics: 

Cyclosols No 

All other alkyl aromatics No 

Benzene: Yes 

Benzene high purity (98-100%) No 



All other benzene No 

Cresylic acid (less than 75 percent distilling 

over 215° C) No 

Cyclopentane No 

Methylcyclopentane No 

Naphthalene No 

Naphthenic acid: 

Naphthenic acid, acid number 150-199 No 

Naphthenic acid, acid number 200-224 No 

Naphthenic acid, acid number less than 150 No 

Toluene: Yes 

Toluene high purity (98-100%) No 

All other toluene No 

Xylenes, mixed: Yes 

Xylene high purity (98-100%) No 

All other xylene No 

All other aromatics and naphthene: Yes 

Benzene, toluene, xylene, mixtures No 

Carbon black feedstock No 

All other products from petroleum and 

natural gas, cyclic No 

Aliphatic hydrocarbons: Yes 

Ci Hydrocarbons: 

Methane No 

C 2 Hydrocarbons: 

Acetylene (for chemical use only) Yes 

Ethylene Yes 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 2-3) 



C 3 Hydrocarbons: 
Hydrocarbons, C2-C3 mixtures 
Propylene 



Yes 
No 
Yes 



^Hydrocarbons: Yes 

Butadiene and butylene fractions Yes 

1 ,3-Butadiene, grade for rubber (Elastomers) Yes 

1-Butene Yes 

2-Butene No 

1-Butene and 2-butene, mixed No 



CXI. 
SHC. 

AMO, ASH, CGO, CNE, CSD, CSP, DOW, 
ENJ, GRS, HES, KHI, LYP, MOC, PLC, 
PPR, SHC, SIO, SM, SOC, SOG, SUN, 
SWR, TX, USI, UVN, VST, (2). 



KHI. 
PLC. 
CNE. 
CXI, TX. 

CPS, HEC, MER. 

MER. 

HEC, SHC. 

ASH, CNE, CSD, ENJ, GRS, HES, KHI, 
LYP, MOC, PLC, PPR, PPX, SC, SHC 
SIO, SM.SOC, SOG, SUN, SWR, TX, 
UVN. 

ATR, GE, LYP. 

AMO, ASH, CSD, CSP, ENJ, GRS. 

HES, PLC, PPR, SHC, SOG, SUN, 

SWR, UNV. 
AMO. MOC. 

ATR. ELP. 

ENJ. 

AMO, ASH, BAS, BFG, CSD. EKX, 
ELP, ENJ, LYP, OMC, SHC. SOG, UCC. 
UPM. UTP, VST, (2). 



SHO. 

BCP. RH, UCC, USI. 

AMO, BAS. BFG, CNE, DOW, DUP. 
EKX. ELP, ENJ, GE, JVL, KHI, LYP, 
OMC, PLC, SHC, SM, SOC, SUN, TX. 
UCC. USI, UTP, VST, WLK. 

CGO, SM. 

AMO, ASH, BAS, BFG, CCP, CGO, CLK, 
CNE, CSD, DA, DOW, DUP, EKX, ELP, 
ENJ, EPC, KHI, LYP, MOC, PLC, SHC, 
SIO, SM, SOC, SOG, SUN, TX, UCC, 
UTP, VLR. VST. 

BAS, CNE, DA. DOW, EKX, PLC, SOC, 

TX, UCC, USI, UTP, VST. 
AMO, CNE, ENJ, LYP, SHC, SM, TPC, TX. 
CNE, ENJ, SHC, SM. SOC, TNA, TPC. 
TPC. 
LYP, SHC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 2-2-Continued 

Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which U.S. production and/or 

sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Primary products from petroleum and natural 
gas for chemical conversion 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 2-3) 



Aliphatic hydrocarbons— Continued 

C4 Hydrocarbon— Continued 

Hydrocarbons, C4 fraction No 

Hydrocarbons, C4 mixtures No 

Isobutane (2-Methylpropane) Yes 

Isobutylene (2-Methylpropene) Yes 

All other hydrocarbons, C4 Yes 

C5 Hydrocarbons: Yes 

Hydrocarbons, C5 mixtures No 

Hydrocarbons, C5-C7 mixtures No 

Isopentane (2-Methylbutane) No 

Isoprene (2-Methyl-1 ,3-butadiene) Yes 

n-Pentane No 

1 -Pentene No 

2-Pentene No 

Pentenes, mixed Yes 

Piperylene (1 ,3-Pentadiene) No 

All other hydrocarbons, C5 No 

All other aliphatic hydrocarbons, derivatives, and 
mixtures: Yes 

C6 Hydrocarbons: 

Hexane Yes 

1-Hexene No 

Hexenes, mixed No 

Hydrocarbons, C5-C6 mixtures No 

Isohexane No 

Methylcyclopentadiene No 

Neohexane (2,2-Dimethylbutane No 

All other hydrocarbons, C6 No 

C7 Hydrocarbons: 

n-Heptane Yes 

Heptenes, mixed No 

Isoneptanes No 

All other hydrocarbons, C7 No 

Cs Hydrocarbons: 

Di-isobutylene (Di-isobutene) No 

n-Octane No 

Octenes, mixed No 

2,2,4-Trimethylpentane (Iso-octane) No 

All other hydrocarbons, Cs No 

Cg and above hydrocarbons (except alpha olefins): 

Dodecene Yes 

Nonene (Tripropylene) Yes 

Alpha olefins: 

Alpha olefins, C 6 -C 10 Yes 

Alpha olefins, C-n and higher Yes 

N-paraffins Yes 

n-Paraffins, C10-C14 No 

n-Parafflns, C12-C18 No 

n-Paraffins, C 6 -C 16 No 

n-Paraffins, C 6 -C 9 No 

n-Paraffins, C9-C15 No 

All other n-paraffins No 

Hydrocarbon derivatives: 

n-Butyl mercaptan (1-Butanethiol) No 

sec-Butyl mercaptan (2-Butanethiol) No 

tert-Butyl mercaptan (2-Methyl-2-propanethiol) No 

Decyl mercaptans No 

Di-tert-butyl disulfide No 

Diethyl sulfide (Ethyl sulfide) No 

Dimethyl sulfide No 

Ethyl mercaptan (Ethanethiol) No 

Isopropyl mercaptan (2-Propanethiol) No 

Methyl ethyl sulfide No 



TX 

LYP, PPR, SOG. 

CSP, DA, MOC, PLC, SHO, SM. SUN, TX. 

AMO. ATFt, ENJ, SHC, TPC, TX. 

GE, SM, TNA, TX. 



LYP 

CNE. 

PLC SHO 

CNE, DOW, ENJ. GYFt, LYP, SHC, SOC. 

CNE, PLC, SHO. 

DOW. 

BFG. 

CSP, CXI, ENJ, PLC, SHO, TX. 

CXI. LYP. 

CNE, DOW. ENJ. SHC. 



ENJ. PLC, SOG. TX. f 2 ). 

PLC. (2). 

ENJ. 

PLC. 

PLC. 

ENJ. 

PLC. 

DA, PLC, SHC, SM, TNA. 

ENJ. PLC. SOG. TX. 

ENJ.TX. 

PLC. 

EKX, PPR. SHC. 

EKT, TPC. 
SOG. 
ENJ. 

LYP, PLC. 
SHC. TX. 

ATR, CSP, ENJ. SOC, SUN. 
ATR, CSP. ENJ. SOC. TX. 

SHC, SOC, TNA, TX. 
SHC, SOC. TNA. 

SHC. 

VST. 

ENJ. 

SOG. 

ENJ. SOG, TX. 

ENJ, SOG, VST. 

PAS, PLC. 
HAP, PLC. 
HAP, PAS. PLC. 
PAS. 
PLC. 

HAP. PAS. 
GAY. PAS. 
HAP. PAS, PLC. 
HAP, PAS. PLC. 
HAP. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2-5 



Section 2 

Table 2-2-Continued 

Primary products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which U.S. production and/or 

sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 

Primary products from petroleum and natural Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

gas for chemical conversion statistics 1 (according to list in table 2-3) 

All other aliphatic hydrocarbons, derivatives, and 

mixtures:— Continued 

Methyl mercaptan (Methanethiol) No PAS. 

n-Propyl mercaptan (1 -Propanethiol) No PAS, PLC. 

Thiophane (Tetrahydrothiophene) No HAP. 

All other hydrocarbon derivatives No PAS, PLC, SHC. 

All other hydrocarbons, Cg and above, including 

mixtures Yes ENJ. PLC, SOC. TNA. 

1 Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'yes.' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'no.' 

2 The manufacturer did not consent to be identified with the designated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



2-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 2-3 

Primary products from petroleum arid natural gas for chemical conversion: Directory of manufacturers, 

alphabetical by code, 1991 



Code 


Name of company 


AMO ... 


Amoco Corp. 


ASH .... 


Ashland Oil, Inc., Ashland Petroleum 




Co. 


ATR .... 


Atlantic Richfield Co., Arco Chemical 




Co. 


BAS .... 


BASF Corp. 


BCP .... 


Borden Chemical & Plastics Delaware 




Limited 


BFG .... 


B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich 




Chemical Group 


CCP . . . . 


Crown Central Petroleum Corp. 


CGO ... 


Citgo Petroleum Corp. 


CLK .... 


Clark Oil & Refining Corp. 


CNE .... 


Oxy Petrochemicals, Inc. 


CPS . . . . 


CPS Chemical Co., Inc. 


CSD . . . . 


Fina Oil & Chemical Co., 


CSP . . . . 


Coastal Refining & Marketing, Inc. 


CXI 


Chemical Exchange Industries, Inc. 


DA 


Diamond Shamrock Refining & 




Marketing 


DOW ... 


Dow Chemical Co. 


DUP .... 


E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. 




Eastman Kodak Co.: 


EKT .... 


Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 


EKX . . . . 


Texas Eastman Co. Div. 


ELP .... 


Rexene Products Company 


ENJ .... 


Exxon Chemical Americas 


EPC . . . . 


EPC Partners, Ltd. 


GAY .... 


Gaylord Chemical Corp. 


GE 


General Electric, Specialty Chemical 




Group 


GRS .... 


Citgo Refining & Chemicals, Inc. 


GYR .... 


Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 


HAP .... 


Helmerich & Payne Inc., Natural Gas 




Odorizing, Inc. 


HEC .... 


Hew, Inc. 



Code 



Name of company 



HES Amerada Hess Corp. (Hess Oil Virgin 

Islands Corp.) 

JVL Javelina Co. 

KHI Koch Refining Co. 

KLM Kalama Chemical, Inc. 

LYP Lyondell Petrochemical Co. 

MER Meridiem Co. 

MOC Marathon Oil Co. 

OMC OlinCorp. 

PAS Atochem North America, Inc. 

PLC Phillips 66 Co. 

PPR Phillips Puerto Rico Core, Inc. 

PPX Phillips Paraxylene, Inc. 

RH Rohm & Haas Co. 

SC Sterling Chemicals, Inc. 

SHC Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. 

SHO Shell Oil Co. 

SIO BP Oil Company 

SM Mobil Oil Corp.: 

Gas Liquids Dept. 

Petrochemicals Div. 

SOC Chevron Corp., Chevron Chemical Co. 

SOG Phibro Refining 

SUN Sun Company, Inc. 

SWR Southwestern Refining Co., Inc. 

TNA Ethyl Corp. 

TPC Texas Petrochemicals Corp. 

TX Texaco Chemical Co. 

UCC Union Carbide Corp., Industrial 

Chemical Div. 

UPM UOP, Inc. 

USI Quantum Chemical Corp.. USI Div. 

UTP Union Texas Product Corp. 

UVN UNO-VEN Co. 

VLR Valero Refining & Marketing Co. 

VST Vista Chemical Co. 

WLK Westlake Corp. 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in 
app. A. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission 



2-7 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Section 3 
Cyclic Intermediates 

Cyclic intermediates are synthetic organic 
chemicals derived principally from petroleum and 
natural gas and from coal-tar crudes produced by 
destructive distillation (pyrolysis) of coal. Most cyclic 
intermediates are used in the manufacture of more 
advanced synthetic organic chemicals and finished 
products, such as dyes, medicinal chemicals, 
elastomers (synthetic rubber), pesticides, and plastics 
and resin materials. Some intermediates, however, are 
sold as end products without further processing. For 
example, ethylbenzene may be used as a raw material 
in the manufacture of styrene. In 1991, about 48 
percent of the total output of cyclic intermediates was 
sold; the rest was consumed chiefly in the producing 
plants in the manufacture of more advanced 
intermediates and finished products. 

The total annual production of cyclic intermediates 
during 1987-91 is shown in figure 3-1. Total 
production of cyclic intermediates in 1991 amounted to 
24,104 million kilograms, an increase of 1 percent 
compared with production reported to the Commission 



in 1990. Reported sales of cyclic intermediate 
chemicals in 1991 were 11,494 million kilograms, 
valued at $7,588 million, compared with 11,866 
million kilograms, valued at $10,981 million, in 1990. 

Intermediates that were produced in excess of 
500 million kilograms in 1991 were ethylbenzene 
(4,024 million kilograms), styrene (3,681 million 
kilograms), terephthalic acid and terephthalic acid, 
dimethyl ester (3,466 million kilograms), p-xylene 
(2,427 million kilograms), cumene (1,890 million 
kilograms), phenol (1,632 million kilograms), 
cyclohexane (1,047 million kilograms), and bisphenol 
A (553 million kilograms). Intermediate chemicals 
produced in excess of 1 billion kilograms accounted 
for about 75 percent of the total output of cyclic 
intermediate chemicals produced in 1991. 

Table 3-2 lists the products reported in this section 
and indicates the manufacturer(s) of each by code. 
These codes are identified by company name in table 
3-3. 

Ed Matusik 
202-205-3356 



Figure 3-1 

Cylic Intermediates: U.S. production, 1987-91 



Billions 
of kilograms 



30. 




1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



3-1 



Section 3 

Table 3-1 

Cyclic intermediates: U.S. production and sales, 1991 



Sales 



Cyclic intermediates Production 

1,000 
kilograms 

Grand total 24,103,470 

Aniline (Aniline oil) 436,021 

Biphenyl (2) 

Chlorobenzene, mono- 95,315 

Cumene 1,890,456 

Cyclohexane 1,046,505 

Cyclohexanone 462,199 

o-Dichlorobenzene 19,657 

p-Dichlorobenzene 36,664 

Dicyclohexylamine (2) 

Dicyclopentadiene (including cyclopentadiene) 65,911 

Ethylbenzene 4,023,827 

Isocyanic acid derivatives, total 462,31 7 

Toluene-2,4- and 2,6-diisocyanate 

(80/20 mixture) 255,471 

All other isocyanic acid derivatives 206,846 

4,4'-lsopropylidenediphenol (Bisphenol A) 552,801 

a-Methylstyrene f 2 ) 

Nonylphenol 82,116 

Phenol, total , 1,631,620 

From cumene 1,119,556 

All other phenol 512,064 

Phthalic anhydride 266.277 

Styrene 3,680,516 

Terephthalic acid, dimethyl ester 3 3,465,695 

Tetrahydrofuran 96,584 

o-Xylene 347,768 

p-Xylene 2,426,663 

All other cyclic intermediates 3,014,558 



Quantity 



Value 



Average 

Unit 

value 1 



1,000 
kilograms 

11,494,041 



285,682 
8,143 

1,510,477 

935.618 

44,718 

17,050 

42,754 

1,344 

47,923 

159,941 

405,610 



1,000 
dollars 



7,588,484 



181,834 
5,617 

( 2 ) 

682,426 

392,215 

43.483 

15,020 

35,013 

2,728 

19,676 

68,089 

716,441 



Per 
kilogram 

$0.66 

.64 
.69 

( 2 ) 
.45 
.42 
.97 
.88 
.82 
2.03 
.41 
.43 

1.77 



217,049 


393,920 


1.81 


188,561 


322.521 


1.71 


191,341 


200,437 


1.05 


18,956 


11,172 


.59 


51,311 


47,497 


.93 


889,262 


348,059 


.39 


558.790 


170,737 


.31 


330,472 


177,322 


.54 


165,764 


109.964 


.66 


1,634,357 


951.662 


.58 


t 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


(2) 


48.742 


96,027 


1.97 


275.874 


92,500 


.34 


1,203,450 


526,315 


.44 


3,555.724 


3,042,309 


.86 



1 Calculated from unrounded figures. 

2 Reported data were accepted in confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 

3 The figure for terephthalic acid, dimethyl ester (DMT) includes both the acid itself and the dimethyl ester without 
double counting. The acid production figure was multiplied by the factor 1 .16 to convert it to equivalent DMT. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



3-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table 3-2 

Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Cyclic intermediates 



Separate 
statistics 1 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3-3) 



Cyclic: 

p-Acetanisidide No 

Acetoacetanilide No 

o-Acetoacetanisidide No 

o-Acetoacetotoluidide No 

2',4'-Acetoacetoxylidide No 

Acetoguanamine No 

Acetophenone, tech No 

p-Acetotoluidide No 

2-Acetylpyridine No 

Aldadiene No 

Alkylbenzenes: 

Alkylbenzene straight-chain (except dodecyl and 

tridecyl) No 

Dodecylbenzene (including tridecylbenzene): 

Dodecylbenzene, straight-chain No 

Dodecylbenzene, other No 

All other alkylbenzene (except dodecyl, tridecyl and 

straight-chain) No 

Alkylphenols, mixed No 

Alkylpyridines, mixed No 

4'-Aminoacetanilide (Acetyl-p-phenylenediamine) No 

3'-Amino-p-acetanisidide No 

p-Aminobenzamide No 

1-Amino-5-benzamidoanthraquinone No 

o-Aminobenzenethiol No 

p-Aminobenzoic acid, tech , No 

2-Amino-6-benzothiazolesulfonic acid No 

2-Amino-1-bromo-3-chloroanthraquinone No 

7-Aminocephalosporanic acid No 

1-Amino-2-chlorobenzene No 

4-Amino-6-chloro-m-benzenedisulfonamide No 

5-Amino-2-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid No 

3-Amino-5-chloro-2-hydroxybenzenesulfonic acid No 

6-Amino-5-chloro-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S0 3 H=1] 

(2B acid) No 

4-Amino-5-methoxy-2-methylbenzenesulfonicacid 

(5-methyl-o-anisidinesulfonic acid) No 

4-Amino-4'-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-1-yl)-2,2'- 

stilbenedisulfonic acid No 

2-Amino-2-methylpropyl 8-bromotheophyllinate No 

2-Amino-3-methylpyridine No 

2-Amino-4-methylpyridine No 

2-Amino-5-methylpyridine No 

2-Amino-6-methylpyridine No 

3-Amino-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid No 

2-Amino-4-nitroacetanilide No 

2-Amino-5-nitrothiazole No 

5-Amino-2-[(2-oxo-5-benzimidazolinyl)amino]- 

benzenesulfonic acid No 

p-Aminophenol No 

p-[(p-Aminophenyl)azo]benzenesulfonic acid No 

3-Aminophenylphosphonic acid No 

2-Aminopyridine No 

3-Aminopyridine No 

4-Aminopyridine No 

4-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [SOsH=1] No 

6-Amino-m-toluenesuKonic acid [S03H=1] No 

4-Amino-1,2,4-triazole No 

Aniline (Aniline oil) Yes 

2-Anilinoethanol No 

Anilinomethanesulfonic acid and salt No 

Anisole, tech No 



EKT. 

BRO. 

BRD, EKT. 

BRD, EKT. 

BRD. EKT, PFZ. 

DIX. 

S. 

EK. 

RIL. 

SRL 



MON, PLC. 

MON. VST. 
MON. 



& 



3CN. 

RIL. 

HCL 

BUC. 

NSC. 

NSC. 

FMT. 

NSC.WYK. 

VPC. 

PLC. 

BRS. 

LMC. 

MRF. 

LMC. 

CWN. 

DUP. PHC. 

VPC. 

DUP. 

CH7. 

RIL. 

RIL. 

RIL. 

RIL 

NES. 

SDC. 

PCW, SAL. 

BRS. PFZ. 

MAL. 

VPC. 

ICI. 

RIL. 

RIL. 

REG. RIL. 

DUP. 

DUP. PHC. 

RIL 

ART. DUP. FST. ICI, MAL RUC, USR. 

SCR 

VPC. 

CHF. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



3-3 



Section 3 

Table 3-2 — Continued 

Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 

I ' i i ! i i ■ i i 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

Cyclic intermediates statistics 1 (according to list in table 3-3) 

Cyclic— Continued: 

Anisoyl chloride , , . . . No SD. 

Arrthranilic acid (o-Aminobenzoic acid) No PSG. 

N,N'-(1 ,5-Anthraquinonylene)dianthraniiic acid No SDC. 

Bertzaldehyde, tech No GIV, KLM. 

Benzanilide No EK. 

1 ,2,4,5-Benzenetetracarboxylic acid No AMO. 

1 ,2,4-Benzenetricarboxylic acid, 1 ,2-dianhydride 

(Trimellitjc anhydride) No AMO. 

Benzhydrol (Diphenylmethanol) No PD. 

Benzimidazole No EK. 

1,3-Benzodioxole No AMB. 

Benzoic acid, methyl ester No HCF. 

Benzoic acid, tech , No KLM, PFZ. 

Benzonitrile No PSG. 

Benzophenone No CWN. 

2-Benzothiazolethiol, sodium salt No BFG, USR. 

1 H-Benzotriazoie No PSG. 

2-Benzoxazolethiol No EK. 

Benzoyl chloride No HK, VEL 

Benzylamine No HXL, KLM. 

2-(Benzylamino)ethanol No HXL. 

2-Benzyl-2'-hydroxy-5,9-dimethyl-6,7- 

benzomorphanhydrobromide No SD. 

1 -Benzyl-4-phenylisonipecotonitrile No SDW. 

Benzyltrimethylammonium hydroxide No RSA. 

Biphenyl - Yes KHI, MON. SOC. 

3'-[Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]benzanilide, diacetate 

ester No SCR 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)-p-toluidine No RSA. 

1 ,2-Bis(tribromophenoxy)ethane . . . , No GTL. 

3-Bromoacetophenone , , No (2). 

Bromobenzene.moNo No DAZ. 

o-Bromobenzoic acid No PD. 

2-Bromo-4,6-dinitroaniline No HCL. 

Bromoethylbenzene No GTL. 

p-Bromofluorobenzene , No f 2 ). 

2-Bromopyridine No DAZ. 

4-Butoxyacetophenone No BUC. 

p-tert-Butylbenzaldehyde No GIV. 

n-Butylbenzene No PLC. 

2-tert-Butyl-p-cresol No PSG. 

o-sec-Butylphenol No SCN, VCQ. 

o-tert-Butylphenol , , . . . No TNA. 

p-sec-Butylphenol No SCN. 

p-tert-Butylphenol No SCN. 

Butylphenols, mixed No FMC, f 2 ). 

p-tert-Butyltoluene No GIV. 

4,4'-Carbonylbis[phthalic anhydride] No ACH. 

N-Carboxy-N-methylanthranilic anhydride No f 2 ). 

2-Chloro-4-aminotoluene No LMC. 

o-Chloroaniline No DUP. 

p-Chloroaniline No DUP. 

Chlorobenzene, mono Yes MON, PPG, SCC. 

4'-Chloro-2',5'-dimethoxyacetoacetanilide No BRD. 

2-Chloro-1 ,4-dimethoxybenzene No CHF. 

1-Chloro-2,4-dinrtrobenzene(Dinitrochlorobenzene) .. . No SDC. 
4-Chloro-3,5-dinitrobenzenesulfonic acid, potassium 

salt No LMC. 

3-Chlorodiphenylamine No SK. 

p-[(2-Chloroethyl)methylamino]benzaldehyde No VPC. 

4-Chloro-N-methyl-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide No REG. 

1-Chloro-2-nitrobenzene(Chloro-o-nitrobenzene) No DUP, MON. 



See footnotes at end of table. 

3-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 3-2— Continued 

Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Cyclic intermediates 



Separate 
statistics 1 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3-3) 



Cyclic— Continued : 

1 -Chloro-4-nrtrobenzene (Chloro-p-nitrobenzene) No 

2-Chlorophenothiazine No 

1-(3-Chloropropyl)-4-methyipiperazine No 

3-Chloropropyl-2,5-xylyl ether No 

2-Chloropyridine No 

a-Chlorotoluene (Benzyl chloride) No 

3-Chloro-p-toluidine [NH 2 =1] No 

3-(2-Chloro-4-trifluoromethylphenoxy)toluene No 

4-Chloro-3,5-xylenol No 

Cresols: 

m-Cresol No 

O-cresol: 

o-Cresol, from petroleum No 

p-Cresol No 

Cresols, mixed: 

(m,p)-cresol: 

(m,p)-Cresol, from petroleum No 

Cresylic acid, refined: 

Cresylic acid, refined, from petroleum No 

Cumene (Isopropyl benzene) Yes 

4-(Cyanoacetyl) morpholine No 

N-Cyanoethyl-N-acetoxyethylaniline No 

3-Cyanopyridine No 

Cyclohexane Yes 

1 ,2-Cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid anhydride No 

Cyclohexanol No 

Cyclohexanone Yes 

Cyclohexanone oxime No 

Cyclohexene No 

4-Cyclohexene-1 ,2-dicarboxylic anhydride No 

Cyclohexene oxide No 

p-(1-Cyclohexenyl)ethylamine No 

Cyclohexylamine No 

Cyclooctadiene No 

2-Cyclopropylmethylamino-5-chlorobenzophenone No 

2-(N-Cyclopropylmethyl-N-phthalimidoacetyl) 

-amino-5-chlorobenzophenone No 

p-Cymene No 

DecykJiphenyl oxide No 

Dialkylbenzene No 

1 ,3 Diaminocyclohexane No 

2,6-Diaminopyridine No 

2,5-Dianilinoterephthalic acid No 

Dibenzyl oxalate No 

p-Dibromobenzene No 

2,6-Dibromo-4-nitroaniline No 

Dibromostyrene No 

p-Dibutoxybenzene (DBB) No 

2,5-Dibutoxy-4-morpholinobenzenediazonium 

sulfate salt 

(DBB Sulfate) No 

2,5-Dibutoxy-4-morpholinonitrobenzene No 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-alpha-dimethylamino-p-cresol No 

Dibutyl-p-cresol No 

2,6-Di-t-butyl-p-cresol No 

2,4-Di-tert-butylphenol No 

2,6-Di-tert-butylphenol No 

2,6-Di-tert-butylphenol No 

2,6-Di-tert-4-sec-butylphenol No 

3,4-Dichloroaniline No 

o-Dichlorobenzene Yes 



DUP, MON. 

SK. 

SK. 

PD. 

OMC. 

MON. 

DUP. 

ft. 

FER. 

MER. 

GE, MER. 
MER, PSG. 



MER. 

MER. 

ART, ASH, BTL, GGC, GRS, KHI, SHC, 

SOCTX 
DUP, PCW. 
SCP. 
RIL 

GRS, PLC, PPR, SOC, SUN, TX. 
HK. 

ACS, BAS, DUP, MON. 
ACS, BAS, CNP, DUP, MON. 
CNP. 
USR. 
DKA. 
USR. 
HXL. 
AIP. 
DUP. 
PD. 

PD. 

HPC. 

TCC. 

VST. 

DUP. 

REG, RIL. 

VPC. 

MRF. 

DAZ. 

HCL 

GTL. 

ALL. 



ALL. 

ALL. 

TNA. 

PSG. 

PLC. 

SCN, TNA. 

SCN. 

TNA. 

SCN. 

DUP. 

MON, PPG, SCC, SOI. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



3-5 



Section 3 

Table 3-2— Continued 

Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

Cyclic intermediates statistics 1 (according to list in table 3-3) 

Cyclic— Continued : 

m-Dichlorobenzene No MON. 

p-Dichlorobenzene Yes MON, PPG, SCC, SOI. 

3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine base and salts No LMC. 

3,4-Dichlorobenzotrifluoride No HK, (2). 

3,3'-Dichloro-4,4'-biphenyl No LMC. 

Dichlorodiphenylsilane No DCC. 

2,6-Dichloro-3-methylaniline No SDC. 

Dichloromethylphenylsilane No DCC. 

2,6-Dichloro-4-nitroaniline No ASL 

Dicyclohexylamine Yes AIP, HK, VEL 

Dicyclohexylamine, nitrate salt No OMC. 

Dicyclopentadiene (includes Cyclopentadiene) Yes CXI, DOW, ENJ, LYP, SHC, (2). 

a.a-Diethoxyacetophenone No CWN. 

p-(Diethylamino)benzaldehyde No VPC. 

3'-[2-(Diethylamino)ethyl]-4'-hydroxyacetanilide No VPC. 

N-(3-Diethylamino-1,4-methoxyphenyl)acetamide No SCP. 

N.N-Diethylaniline No BCC, DUP. 

2,6-Diethylaniline No TNA. 

Diethylbenzene No UPM. 

N,N-Diethylcyclohexylamine No AIP. 

3,5-Diethyl-1,2-dihydro-1-phenyl-2-propylpyridine No RIL 

3,5-Diethyltoluene-2,4-diamine No TNA. 

N,N-Diethyl-m-toluidine No DUP, FST. 

N,N-Diethyl-p-toluidine No RSA. 

6,11-Dihydrodibenz(b,e)oxepin-11-one No PFZ. 

2- 2 -(2,3-Dihydro-1, 

3-dioxo-1H-inden-2yl)-(quinolinyl)]- 

6-methylbenzothiazole-7-sulfonic acid No VPC. 

2,4-Dihydroxybenzaldehyde No EK. 

6,7-Dihydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid No CCC. 

m-Diiodobenzene No GGC. 

2,6-Diisopropylphenol No TNA. 

2,6-Diisopropyl-4-phenoxyaniline No TNA. 

2,5-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde No CWN. 

m-Dimethoxybenzene No ACY. 

3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine hydrochloride No BRI. 

2-[4-(Dimethylamino)benzoyl]benzoic acid No EK. 

N,N-Dimethylaniline No BCC, DUP. 

N.N-Dimethylbenzylamine No HXL. 

N-(1 ,3-Dimethylbutyl)-N-phenyl-1 , 

4-benzenediamine No VPC. 

Dimethyl-1 ,4-cyclohexanedicarboxylate No EKT. 

N,N-Dimethylcyclohexylamine No AIP, BAS. 

5,5-Dimethylhydantoin No BRD. 

2,6-Dimethylnaphthalene No UPM. 

N,N'-Dimethyl-3,4,9, 

1 0-perylenetetracarboxylic acid 3, 

4:9,10-diimide No VPC. 

3,5-Dimethylpiperidine No RIL. 

N,N-Dimethyl-o-toluidine No RSA. 

N,N-Dimethyl-m-toluidine No RSA. 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-toluidine No FST, RSA. 

3,5-Dinitro-N 4 ,N 4 -dipropylsulfanilamide No LMC. 

2,4-Dinitroacetanilide No SDC. 

m-Dinitrobenzene No FST. 

2,4-Dinitrobenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt No EK. 

3,5-Dinitrobenzoic acid No SAL. 

2,6-Dinitro-4-isopropylphenol No SDC. 

3,5-Dinitrosalicylic acid, methyl ester No SAL. 

p-Dinitrosobenzene No LC. 

2,4-Dinitrotoluene No DUP. 

2,4(and 2,6)-Dinitrotoluene No RUC. f 2 ). 

See footnotes at end of table. 
3-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 3-2— Continued 

Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Cyclic intermediates 



Separate 
statistics 1 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3-3) 



Cyclic— Continued: 

Dinonylphenol No 

Di-para-benzoquinone dioxime No 

2,4-Di-tert-pentylphenol No 

Diphenylamine No 

9,10-Diphenylanthracene No 

Diphenyldisulf ide No 

Diphenyl phthalate No 

1 ,3-Di-4-piperidylpropane No 

2,5-Di-p-toluidinoterephthalic acid No 

1 ,5-Diureidonaphthalene No 

Divinylbenzene No 

1 ,1-Di-3,4-xylylethane No 

Dodecyldiphenyl oxide No 

p-Dodecylphenol No 

2-Ethanolpyridine No 

5-Ethanoxy-3-trichloromethyl-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole No 

Ethisterone No 

o-Ethylaniline No 

N-Ethylaniline, refined No 

2-(N-Ethylanilino)ethanol No 

3-(N-Ethylanilino)propionitrile No 

Ethylbenzene Yes 

2-(N-Ethyl-N,p-cyanoethyl)-4-acetaminoanisole No 

Ethyl 4-dimethylaminobenzoate No 

N-Ethyl-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-m-toluidine No 

6-Ethyl-2-methylaniline No 

2-[Ethyl(3-methylphenyl)arnino]ethanol No 

1-Ethylpiperidine No 

N-Ethyl-m-toluidine No 

3-(N-Ethyl-m-toluidino)propionitrile No 

o-Fluorobenzoyl chloride No 

1-Formylpiperidine No 

Furan No 

Furfuryl alcohol No 

Guanine No 

1,4,5,6,7,7-Hexachloro-5-norbornene-2, 

3-dicarboxylic anhydride (Chlorendic anhydride) No 

(Hexadecylphenoxy)benzene No 

Hexahydro-1-[(2-aminophenyl)sulfonyl]-1h-azepine ... No 

Hexahydro-1-[(2-nitrophenyl)sulfonyl]-1h-azepine No 

Hexamethyleneimine No 

Hydroquinone, tech No 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid No 

4-Hydroxy-2H-1 ,2-benzothiazine-3-carboxylic acid, 

methyl ester, 1 ,1 -dioxide No 

2'-Hydroxy-5,9-dimethyl-6,7-benzomorphan No 

3-[N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)anilino]propionitrile No 

N-p-Hydroxyethyl-2,4-dihydroxybenzamide No 

4-Hydroxy-2-methyl-2H-1 . 

2-benzothiazine-3-carboxyiic acid, 

methyl ester, 1 ,1 -dioxide No 

2-Hydroxymethylene-1 7a-ethinylandrost-1 7 

p-ol-4-en-3-one No 

3-Hydroxy-N-(3-N-morpholino-Y-propyl) 

-2-naphthimide No 

1 -Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid No 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid (B.O.N.) No 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid, methyl ester No 

p-lodotoluene No 

Isobutylbenzene No 

Isobutylbiphenyl No 



TX. 

LC. 

PAS, SCN. 

ART, RUC, USR. 

PAH. 

PAH. 

EK. 

RIL 

VPC. 

SOI. 

DLT, DOW, TCC. 

ACH. 

TCC 

MON, SCN. 

RIL 

OMC. 

SRL 

TNA. 

BCC, FST 

SCP. 

SCP 

AMO, ATR, CSD, DOW, ELP, GE, KHI, 

SC. SOC, 
S. SOC, SCP (2). 
FST. 
SCP. 
TNA. 
FST. 
BAS. 

DUP, FST. 
SCP. 
OMC. 
RIL 
QKO 
QKO 
LLI. 

OMC, VEL 

TCC. 

SAL. 

SAL. 

CXI, DUP. 

EKT, GYR. 

LEM. 

PFZ. 
SD. 
SCP. 
PCW. 



PFZ. 

SD. 

PCW. 

PCW. 

PCW. 

PCW. 

RSA. 

PLC, TNA. 

TCC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



3-7 



Section 3 

Table 3-2— Continued 

Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Cyclic intermediates 



Separate 
statistics 1 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 3-3) 



Cyclic— Continued : 

Isobutyrophenone No 

Isocyanic acid derivatives: 

Bitolylene diisocyanate (TODI) No 

Diphenylmethane-4,4'-diisocyanate (MDI) No 

Polymethylene polyphenylisocyanate No 

Toluene 2,4-and 2,6-diisocyanate (80/20 mixture) . . . Yes 

p-Toluenesulfonyl isocyanate No 

All other isocyanic acid derivatives Yes 

Isonicotinic acid No 

Isonicotinonitrile No 

Isophthalic acid (Benzene- 1 ,3-dicarboxylic acid) No 

Isophthalic acid, dimethyl ester No 

Isophthalonitrile No 

Isophthaloyl chloride No 

Isopropylbiphenyl No 

4,4'-lsopropylidenediphenol (Bisphenol A) Yes 

4,4'-lsopropylidenediphenol, ethoxyiated No 

4,4'-lsopropylidenediphenol, propoxylated No 

o-lsopropylphenol No 

2,6-Lutidine No 

3,4-Lutidine No 

3,5-Lutidine No 

Melamine No 

p-Mentha-1 ,4(8)-diene No 

dl-p-Mentha-1 ,8-diene (Limonene) No 

4-Methoxyacetophenone No 

4-Methoxybenzyi alcohol No 

N-(4-Methoxy-3-nitrophenyl)acetamide No 

2-(N-Methylanilino)ethanol No 

3-(N-Methylanilino)propionitrile No 

5-Methyl-o-anisidine [NH2=1] No 

2-Methylanthraquinone No 

4-Methylbenzotriazole No 

o-Methylbenzoyl chloride No 

N-Methylbenzylamine No 

2-Methyl-1,1-biphenyl(n-3-yi) methanol No 

Methyicyclohexane No 

Methyt-3-(D-a-dihydrorarboxybenzylamino)crotonate, 

sodium salt No 

4,4-Methylenebis(2.6-di-tert-butylphenol) No 

2,2'-Methylenebis(4-methyl-6-nonyl-p-cresol) No 

4,4'-Methylenedianiline No 

5,5'-Methyienedisalicylic acid No 

Methyl p-formylbenzoate No 

Methylhydroquinone No 

1 -Methyl-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperidine No 

6-Methyl-2-(2-methyl-6-quinolyl)-7- 

benzothiazolesulfonic acid No 

N-Methyl-p-nitroaniline No 

4-Methyl-2-nitroanisole No 

1 -(2-Methyl-4-nitrophenyl)pyrrolidine No 

2-Methyl-5-norbomene-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride No 

4-(1-Methyl-1-phenyl)ethylphenol No 

4-Methylphthalic acid No 

1 -Methylpiperidine No 

2-Methylpiperidine No 

p-Methylstyrene No 

a-Methylstyrene Yes 

ar-Methylstyrene (Vinyltoluene) No 

2,6-Naphthalenedicarboxylic acid No 

2-NaphthalenesuHonic acid No 

Naphthalimide No 



ARS. 

CWN. 

BAS, ICI, RUC. 

BAS, ICI, RUC. 

BAS, DOW, ICI, OMC, RUC. 

VCM. 

CWN. 

RIL 

RIL 

AMO. 

UTC. 

DUP, PSG. 

DUP, TLC. 

TCC 

ART, DOW, GE, SHC. 

ICI, SCP 

ICI, SCP. 

FMC. 

RIL. 

RIL. 

RIL. 

ACY, MLC. 

NCI. 

ARZ, NCI. 

BUC. 

BUC. 

SDC. 

SCP. 

SCP. 

PSG. 

ACY 

VPC. 

TLC. 

HXL 

NES. 

PLC. 

KAN. 

TNA. 

PSG. 

AUS, RUC, USR. 

KLM. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

RIL. 

VPC. 

ACY. 

PSG. 

ALL. 

BCC. 

SCN. 

EK. 

BAS. 

RIL. 

DLT 

ART, BTL, GGC, TX. 

DLT. 

AMO. 

ACY. 

VPC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



3-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 3-2— Continued 

Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

Cyclic intermediates statistics 1 (according to list in table 3-3) 

Cyclic— Continued: 

p-(2-Naphthylamino)phenol (N-(p-Hydroxyphenyl)-2- 

naphthylamine) No SDC. 

Nicotinonitrile (3-Cyanopyridine) No NEP. 

o-Nitroaniline No MON. 

p-Nitroaniline No MON. 

5-Nrtroarrthranilic acid No SAL. 

p-Nitrobenzamide No PD. 

Nitrobenzene No FST, ICI. RUC. 

m-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt No USM. 

o-Nitrobenzoic acid No SAL. 

m-Nitrobenzoic acid No SAL. 

p-Nitrobenzoic acid No DUP. 

m-Nitrobenzoic acid, sodium salt No SAL 

2-Nitro-N-benzoylaniline No SAL 

2-Nitro-p-cresol No PSG. 

5-Nrtrodimethylisophthalate No SAL 

Nitrodiphenylamine . . .' No ACY. MON. 

5-Nitroisophthalic acid No RIL, SAL 

p-Nitrophenethyl alcohol No PCW. 

p-Nitrophenol No MON. 

p-Nitrophenol, sodium salt No DUP. 

p-Nitrophenoxyethanol No SCP. 

3(and 5)-Nitrosalicylic acid No SAL 

p-Nitrosophenol No LC, SDC. 

4-Nitrosophenol, sodium salt No SDC. 

o-Nitrotoluene . No DUP. FST. 

m-Nitrotoluene No FST. 

p-Nitrotoluene No DUP, FST. 

Nitrotoluene mixtures No FST. 

Nonylphenol Yes GE. KLM. MON. SCN.TX. 

(OOctamandelate No LLI. 

Octylphenol i No PSG.SCN. 

Octylphenoxydiethoxy chloride No RH. 

3-Oxo-l ,2-benzisothiazoline-2-acetic acid, methyl 

ester, 1,1 -dioxide No PFZ. 

4,4'-Oxydianiline ..: No CHT. DUP. 

Parahydroxyphenylglycine potassium methyl dane salt No KAN. 

o-Pentylphenol (o-Amylphenol) No PAS. SCN. 

p-tert-Pentylphenol No PAS. 

3,4,9, 10-Perylenetetracarboxylic-3,4:9, 

10-dianhydride No VPC. 

3,4,9, 1 0-Perylenetetracarboxylic-3,4:9, 

10-diimide No VPC. 

1,10-Phenanthroline No fj 2 ). 

2-Phenethylamine No HXL 

p-Phenetidine No MNA. 

Phenol: 
Natural: 

From petroleum: 

Phenol, natural, from petroleum, U.S.P No MER. 

Synthetic: 

By caustic fusion: 

Phenol, synthetic, by caustic fusion, all other ... No ISP. 

Phenol, styrenated No PSG. 

Phenol, synthetic, from cumene by oxidation, 

U.S.P. Yes ACS. ART. BTL DOW. GE. GGC. 

Phenoxathiin No PAH. 

All other phenol Yes GGC. KLM. SHC. TX. 

Phenolsulfonic acid No SAL 

Phenolsulfonic acid, sodium salt No SAL 

Phenoxyacetic acid, sodium salt No NCC. 

m-Phenoxytoluene No MER. 

See footnotes at end of table. 

3-9 



Section 3 



Table 3-2— Continued 

Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Cyclic intermediates 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 3-3) 



Cyclic — Continued: 

4-(Phenylazo)diphenylamine No 

2-Phenylbenzimide No 

m-Phenylenebismaleimide No 

o-Phenylenediamine No 

m-Phenylenediamine No 

p-Phenylenediamine No 

Phenyl ether (Diphenyl oxide) No 

d(9)a-Phenylethylamine No 

N- Phenylglycine No 

Phenylglycine, potassium salt No 

Phenylglycine, sodium salt No 

2,2'-[(Phenyl)imino]diethanol 

(N-Phenyldiethanolamine) No 

2,2'-[(Phenyl)imino]diethanol, diacetate ester No 

o-Phenylphenol No 

p-Phenylphenol No 

o-Phenylphenol, sodium salt No 

Phenyl-2-propanone No 

4-Phenylpropylpyridine No 

N-Phenylurea No 

Phthalic acid No 

Phthalic anhydride Yes 

Phthalimide No 

[Phthalocyaninato(2-)]copper No 

Phthalocyaninetetrasulfonyl chloride, copper 

derivative No 

Phthaloyl chloride (Phthalyl chloride) No 

Picolines: 

Picoline (3,4-mixture) No 

2-Picoline (a-Picoline) No 

3-Picoline (p-Picoline) No 

4-Picoline (7-Picoline) No 

Picolinonitrile (2-Cyanopyridine) No 

3-Picolylamine No 

Picric acid (Trinitrophenol) No 

Pipecolic acid No 

Piperidine No 

Polyethylbenzene (80 percent diethylbenzene) No 

Propiophenone No 

Pyridine hydrochloride No 

Pyridine, refined: 

2° Pyridine, refined No 

Pyridine, refined all other grades No 

2 Pyridinethiol-1 -oxide, sodium salt No 

2 Pyridinethiol-1 -oxide, zinc salt No 

Pyromellitic dianhydride No 

2-Pyrrolidinone (2-Pyrrolidone) No 

Pyrvinium pamoate No 

Quinaldine No 

Quinone dioxime No 

Resorcinol, tech No 

p-Resorcylic acid No 

Salicylaldehyde oxime No 

Salicylic acid, tech No 

Sodium p-sulfophenylmethallyl ether No 

Styrene (Vinylbenzene) Yes 

Sulfanilic acid (p-Aminobenzenesulfonic 

acid) and salt No 

5-Sulfoisophthalic acid, 1,3-dimethyi ester, sodium 

salt No 

5-Sulfoisophthalic acid, sodium salt No 



EK. 

SAL. 

NES. 

DUP, PSG. 

DUP. FST. 

DUP. 

DOW, MON. 

HXL. 

EK. 

KAN. 

BCC, LIL 

MIL, SCR 

SCR 

DOW. 

DOW. 

DOW, USR. 

SK. 

RIL. 

RSA. 

EK. 

ART, BAS, ENJ, STP, USR. 

PSG. 

PC. PHC. 

S, VPC. 
TLC. 

RIL. 

RIL 

NEP, RIL 

RIL. 

NEP. 

RIL 

SDC. 

RIL. 

AIP, RIL. 

ELP. 

ARS, ORT. 

HXL. 

NEP. 

RIL 

OMC. 

OMC. 

ACH. 

GAF. 

ft- 
CIC. 
LC. 
ISP. 
ISP. 
EK. 

DOW, KLM. 
SAL. 

AMO, ATR, CSD, DLT, DOW, ELP, HMN. 
PLC, 

RMI. 

DUP. 
EKT, PCW. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



3-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 3-2— Continued 

Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Cyclic intermediates 



Separate Manufacturers' Identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 3-3) 



Cyclic— Continued: 

Terephthalic acid Yes 

Terephthalic acid, dimethyl ester Yes 

Terephthaloyl chloride No 

Terphenyl (Phenylbiphenyl) (m-,o-,and p-isomers) No 

Tetrabromophthalic anhydride No 

1 ,2,3,4-Tetrachlorobenzene No 

Tetrachlorophthalic anhydride No 

Tetrahydrofuran Yes 

1,2.4.5-Tetramethylbenzene (Durene) No 

p-(1,1,3,3-Tetramethylbutyl)phenol No 

4,4'-Thio-bis(6-t-butyl-o-cresol) No 

4,4'-Thiobis(6-t-butyl-m-cresol) No 

Thiodiphenol No 

Toluene-2,3-(and 3,4)-diamine (35/65 mixture) No 

Toluene-2,4-diamine (4-m-Tolylenediamine) No 

Toluene-2,4-(and 2,6)-diamine (80/20 mixture) Yes 

Toluene-3,4-diamine No 

Toulenesulfonamide No 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, aniline salt No 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid monohydrate No 

m-Toluic acid No 

p-Toluic acid, methyl ester No 

o-Toluidine No 

m-Toluidine No 

p-Toluidine No 

2.2'-(m-Tolylimino)diethanol No 

Tolyltriazole No 

2,4,6-Tribromophenol No 

1,2.3-Trichlorobenzene No 

1 ,2,3(and 1 ,2,4)-Trichlorobenzene No 

1 ,2,4-Trichlorobenzene No 

3-Trichloromethyl-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole No 

1 ,2,4-Trichloro-5-nitrobenzene No 

Trichlorophenylsilane No 

a.a.a-Trichlorotoluene (Benzotrichloride) No 

2,4.6-Trichloro-s-triazine (Cyanuric chloride) No 

Tri(dimethylaminomethyi)phenol No 

Trimellitic anhydride, acid chloride No 

Trimellitic trichloride No 

1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene (Pseudocumene) No 

1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene (Mesitylene) No 

1,3,3-Trimethyl-9 2 , a-indolineacetaldehyde No 

Trioxane No 

Triphenylmethane No 

a,a',a"-Tris(dimethylamino)mesitol No 

1,1,1-Tris(p-hydroxyphenyl)ethane No 

Tris(2-methyl-1-aziridinyl)phosphine oxide No 

7,7-Ureylenebis[4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic 

add] (J-Acid urea) No 

Veratraldehyde (3,4-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde) No 

5-Vinyl-2-picoline (MVP) No 

2-Vinylpyridine No 

4-Vinylpyridine No 

o-Xylene (90-100% of o-xylene isomer) Yes 

m-Xylene (90-100% of m-xylene isomer) No 

p-Xylene (90-100% Of p-xylene isomer) Yes 

2,4-Xylenesulf onic acid No 

Xylenesulfonic acid, mixed isomers No 

2.6-Xylenol No 

Xylenol crystals No 



AMO, DUP. HCF. 

DUP, EKT. HCF. 

DUP, TLC. 

MON. 

GTL. 

SCC. 

MON. 

ATR, BAS, DUP. GAF, QKO. 

KHI. 

GAF. 

TNA. 

AUS. 

AUS. 

OMC. 

RUC, t 2 ). 

OMC. BAS, DOW, ICI. 

t 2 ). 

UTC. 

NES. 

TEN. 

WTC. 

HCF. 

DUP, FST. 

DUP. FST. 

DUP. FST 

MIL, SCP. 

PSG. 

GTL. 

SCC. 

PPG. SCC. 

SCC. 

OMC. 

PCW. 

DCC. 

HK. 

DGC. 

PEL. 

ft- 

TLC 

KHI. 

ABB. 

VPC. 

UTF. 

EK. 

RH. 

SAL. 

ARS. 

S. 

GIV. 

HK. PD. 

RIL 

RIL 

ENJ, KHI, LYP, PLC, PPR. 

AMO. PLC. 

AMO. ENJ. KHI, LYP. PPX, SOC, STX. 

PLC. 

NES. 

GE. 

BRS, HXL. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



3-11 



Section 3 

Table 3-2— Continued 

Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Cyclic intermediates statistics 1 (according to list in table 3-3) 

Cyclic— Continued: 

Xylenols: 

Xylenol, low boiling point No MER. 

Xylenols, not classified as to boiling point No GE. 

Xylidines: 

2,4-Xylidine (m-4-Xylidine) No FST. 

Xylidine, original mixture No DUP. 

All other cyclic intermediates Yes ACY, AMD. AUS, BRS, BUC, CWN. DUP, 

EKT, FST, HCF, HCL, HXL, LC, MRX, 
OMC. PCW, PD, PFZ, PIL, PRC, PSG. 
RAY, RIL. SAL, SCP, SDC, SDW. SK. 
TNA, UCC, VPC, (2). 

1 Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'yes.' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'no.' 

2 The manufacturer did not consent to be identified with the designated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission, 



3-12 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table 3-3 

Cyclic intermediates: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1991 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



ABB . 
ACH . 
ACS . 

ACY . 
AIP .. 
ALL . 
AMB . 
AMD. 
AMO 
ARS . 
ART . 
ARZ . 
ASH . 

ASL . 
ATR . 

AUS . 
BAS . 
BCC . 
BFG . 

BRD . 
BRI .. 
BRS . 
BTL 
BUC 



CCC. 
CHF . 
CHT . 
CIC 
CNP . 
CSD . 
CWN 
CXI .. 
DAZ . 
DCC. 
DGC. 
DIX.. 
DKA . 
DLT . 
DOW 
DUP . 



EK . 
EKT 
ELP 
ENJ 



Abbott Laboratories 

Allco Chemical Corp. 

Allied Signal Inc., Engineered Material 

Sector 
American Cyanamid Co. 
Air Products & Chemicals, Inc. 
Alliance Chemical, Inc. 
American Bio-Synthetics Corp. 
Cyclo Products, Inc. 
Amoco Corp. 

Arsynco, Inc., Sub. Div. of Aceto Corp. 
Aristech Chemical Corp. 
Arizona Chemical Co. 
Ashland Oil, Inc., Ashland Petroleum 

Co. 
Specialtychem Products, Corp. 
Atlantic Richfield Co., Arco Chemical 

Co. 
Ausimont N.V. 
BASF Corp. 
Buffalo Color Corp. 
B. F Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich 

Chemical Group 
Lonza, Inc. 
Burlington Industries 
Bristol-Myers Co. 
BTL Specialty Resin Corp. 
Synalloy Corp., Blackman Uhler 

Chemical Div. 
C.N.C. International, Inc. 
Kincaid Enterprises, Inc. 
Chattem, Inc. 

Color Chem International Corp. 
DSM Chemicals North America 
Fina Oil & Chemicals Co. 
Upjohn Co., Fine Chemicals 
Chemical Exchange Industries, Inc. 
Diaz Chemical Corp. 
Dow Coming Corp. 
Degussa Corp. 
Dixie Chemical Co., Inc. 
Miles, Inc. 
Deltech Corporation 
Dow Chemical Co. 
E. I. duPontde Nemours & Co., Inc. 

Chemicals and Pigments Dept. 

Petrochemicals Dept. 
Eastman Kodak Co.: 

Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 
Rexene Products Company 
Exxon Chemical Americas 



FER Ferro Corp.: 

Bedford Chemical Div. 

FMC FMC Corp., Nitro Div. 

FMT Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc. 

FST First Chemical Corp. 

GAF ISP Chemicals. Inc. 

GE General ELectric Co., Speciality 

Chemical Group 
GGC Georgia-Gulf Corp.: 

Houston Div. 

Plaquemine Div 

GIV Givaudan Corp 

GRS Citgo Refining & Chemicals, Inc. 

GTL Great Lakes Chemical Corp. 

GYR Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 

HCF Cape Industries 

HCL Hoechst Celanese Corp.: 

Sou-Tex Works 

Specialty Chem Group 

HK Occidental Chemical Corp., ED & S Div. 

HMN Huntsman Chemical Corp. 

HPC Hercules, Inc. 

HXL Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Chemical 

Products 
ICI ICI Americas, Inc., 

Polyurethanes Group 

Specialty Chem Div. 

ISP Indspec Chemical Corp. 

KAN Kanasco, Ltd 

KHI Koch Refining Co. 

KLM Kalama Chemical, Inc. 

LC Lord Corp., Chemical Products Group 

LEM Napp Chemicals, Inc. 

LIL Eli Lilly & Co. 

LLI Lee Laboratories, Inc. 

LMC Lomac, Inc. 

LYP Lyondell Petrochemical Co. 

MAL Mallinckrodt, Inc. 

MER Meridiem Co. 

MIL Milliken & Co., Miiliken Chemical Div 

MLC Melamine Chemicals, Inc. 

MNA Monsanto Co., Agricultural Group 

MON Monsanto Co. 

MRF Morflex, Inc. 

MRX Johnson Matthey, Materials Technology 

Div. 

NCC Niacet. Corp. 

NCI Union Camp Corp., B B A Div. 

NEP Nepera, Inc. 

NES Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co. 

NSC National Starch & Chemical Corp. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



3-13 



Section 3 



Table 3-3— Continued 

Cyclic intermediates: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1991 



Code 


Name of company 


OMC ... 


Olin Corp. 


ORT .... 


Roehr Chemicals, Inc., Div. of Aceto 




Corp. 


PAH .... 


Parish Chemical Co. 


PAS .... 


Elf Atochem North America, Inc. 


PC 


PCI, Inc. 


PCW ... 


Pfister Chemical, Inc. 


PD 


Parke-Davis Div. of Warner-Lambert 




Co. 


PEL .... 


Pelron Corp. 


PFZ .... 


Pfizer, Inc., & Pfizer Pharmaceuticals, 




Inc. 


PHC .... 


Phthalchem, Inc. 


PIL 


Pilot Chemical Co. 


PLC .... 


Phillips 66 Co. 


PPG .... 


PPG Industries, Inc. 


PPR .... 


Phillips Puerto Rico Core, Inc. 


PPX .... 


Phillips Paraxylene, Inc. 


PRC .... 


Products Research & Chemical Corp. 


PSG . . . . 


PMC, Inc., PMC Specialty Group, Inc. 


QKO .... 


QO Chemicals, Inc. 


RAY .... 


ITT Rayonier Liguin Products, Inc. 


REG 


Regis Chemical Co. 


RH 


Rohm & Haas Co. 


RIL 


Reilly Industries, Inc. 


RMI .... 


R-M Industries, Inc. 


RSA .... 


R.S.A. Corp. 


RUC 


Rubicon, Inc. 


S 


Sandoz Chemicals Corp. 


SAL .... 


Salsbury Chemicals, Inc. 


SC 


Sterling Chemicals. Inc. 


sec ... . 


Standard Chlorine of Delaware, Inc. 


SCN . . . . 


Schenectady Chemical, Inc. 



Code 



Name of company 



SCP Henkel Corp. 

SD Sterling Drug, Inc., Sterling 

Pharmaceuticals. Inc. 

SDC Sandoz Chemicals Corp. 

SDW Sterling Drug, Inc., 

Organic Div. 

SHC Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. 

SK SmithWine Beecham Chemicals 

SOC Chevron Corp., Chevron Chemical Co. 

SOG Phibro Refining 

SOI Specialty Organics, Inc. 

SRL G. D. Searle & Co. 

STP StepanCo. 

STX St. Croix Petrochemical Corp. 

SUN Sun Company, Inc. 

TCC Sybron Chemicals, Inc. 

TEN BIT Manufacturing, Inc. 

TLC Twin Lake Chemical, Inc. 

TNA Ethyl Corp. 

TX Texaco Chemical Co. 

UCC Union Carbide Corp., Industrial 

Chemicals Div. 

UPJ Upjohn Co 

UPM UOP, Inc. 

USM Crown Metro, Inc. 

USR Uniroyal Chemical Co., Inc. 

UTC Unitex Chemical Corp. 

VCM Vanchem, Inc. 

VEL Velsicol Chemical Corp. 

VPC Miles, Inc. 

VST Vista Chemical Co. 

WTC WitcoCorp. 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



3-14 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Section 4 
Dyes 

Synthetic dyes are derived in whole or in part from 
cyclic intermediates. Approximately two-thirds of the 
dyes consumed in the United States are used by the 
textile industry to dye natural and synthetic fibers or 
fabrics; about one-sixth is used for coloring paper; and 
the rest is used chiefly in the production of organic 
pigments and in dyeing leather and plastics. Of the 
several thousand different synthetic dyes that are 
known, more than seven hundred are manufactured by 
domestic producers, collectively. The large number of 
dyes results from the many different types of materials 
to which dyes are applied, the different conditions of 
service for which dyes are required, and the cost that a 
particular use can bear. Commercial dyes are 
formulated products which are sold in a variety of 
physical forms (e.g., granular, powders, liquids, and 
pastes) containing concentrations of colorant ranging 
from 5 percent (approximately) to 100 percent In the 
statistical tables, production and sales quantities are 
expressed in terms of a standard strength of product 
(based on dyeing performance) and not in terms of the 
amount of actual colorant. 



Total domestic production of dyes in 1991 
amounted to 111 million kilograms, or 5 percent less 
than the 117 million kilograms produced in 1990 (table 
4-1). Sales of dyes in 1991 amounted to 107 million 
kilograms, valued at $761 million, compared with 104 
million kilograms, valued at $775 million, in 1990. In 
terms of quantity, sales of dyes in 1991 was 3 percent 
greater, and in terms of value 2 percent lower. The 
average unit value of sales of all dyes in 1991 was 
$7.13 per kilogram, compared with $7.46 per kilogram 
in 1990. 

Production of four classes of dyes decreased in 
1991, while the production of two classes increased. 
Statistics on four classes - fibers reactive dyes, mordant 
dyes, flouorescent brightening agents, and food, drug, 
and cosmetic colors - were not publishable. Changes in 
U.S. production of synthetic dyes followed overall 
changes in U.S. economic activity during 1987-91 (see 
figure 4-1). 

Table 4-2 lists the products reported in this section 
and indicates the manufacturer(s) of each by code. 
These codes are identified by company name in table 
4-3. 

Rob Randall 
202-205-3366 



Figure 4-1 

Dyes: U.S. production, 1987-91 



Millions 
of kilograms 



180- 




1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



4-1 



Section 4 

Table 4-1 

Dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1991 



Dyes 



Sales 



Production Quantity 



Value 



Average 

Unit 

value 1 



1,000 
kilograms 

Grand total 

Acid dyes 

Total 

Acid yellow dyes 

Acid blue dyes, total 

Acid Blue 324 536 

All other acid blue dyes 957 

All other acid dyes 3,550 

Basic dyes (classical and modified) 

Total 3,983 

Basic yellow dyes 1 ,102 

Basic red dyes 761 

Basic violet dyes 846 

Basic blue dyes 643 

All other basic dyes 631 

Direct dyes 

Total 18,454 

Direct yellow dyes 7,332 

Direct red dyes, total 3,315 

Direct Red 254 849 

All other direct red dyes 2,466 

Direct violet dyes 123 

Direct blue dyes, total 3,287 

Direct Blue 86 332 

All other direct blue dyes 2,955 

All other direct dyes 4,397 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
kilograms 



1,000 

dollars 



110,961 


106,813 


761,415 


5,655 


5,346 


70,788 


612 
1,493 


559 
1,512 


6,514 
23,648 



551 
961 



3,275 



3,862 



17.866 



7,403 
3,072 



785 
2,287 



96 
3,176 



347 
2,829 
4,119 



10,306 
13,342 

40,626 



55,394 



138,724 



41,320 
39,411 



4,983 
34,428 



1,469 
28,090 



2,456 
25.634 
28,434 



Per 
kilogram 

$7.13 



13.24 

11.66 

15.64 

18.72 
13.88 

12.40 



14.34 



1,147 


15,560 


13.56 


755 


13,949 


18.47 


765 


10,112 


13.22 


598 


8,938 


14.95 


597 


6,835 


11.46 



7.76 

5.58 
12.83 

6.34 
15.06 

15.36 
8.84 

7.08 
9.06 
6.90 



4-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table 4-1— Continued 

Dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1991 



Dyes 



Sales 



Production Quantity 



Value 



Average 

Unit 

value 1 



1,000 
kilograms 



1,000 
kilograms 



1,000 
dollars 



Per 
kilogram 



Disperse dyes 

Total 20,363 

Disperse yellow dyes 

Disperse orange dyes 

Disperse red dyes, total 

Disperse Red 153 

Disperse Red 177 

All other disperse red dyes 

Disperse blue dyes, total 

Disperse blue 79 

All other disperse blue dyes 

Disperse black, brown, green and violet dyes, total 

Disperse Brown 1 324 

All other disperse black, brown, green and 
violet dyes - 3,050 

Solvent dyes 

Total 5,144 

Solvent yellow dyes, total 

Solvent yellow 13 

All other solvent yellow dyes 

Solvent orange dyes 

Solvent red dyes 

Solvent violet dyes 

Solvent blue dyes 

All other solvent dyes 

Vat dyes 

Total 14,203 

Vat orange dyes 88 

All other vat dyes 14,115 

All other dyes 

Total 4 43,159 



20,311 



282 



2,675 



3,372 



13,973 



102 
13,871 



42,083 



113,040 



2,599 
14,551 



41,660 



57,007 



2,083 
54.924 



284,802 



$5.57 



2,319 


2,086 


9,400 


4.51 


2,159 


2,590 


9,681 


3.74 


2,650 


1,937 


24,493 


12.64 


120 


112 


1,895 


16.91 


158 


133 


1,802 


13.57 


2,372 


1,692 


20.796 


12.29 


9,861 


10,741 


52,316 


4.87 


7,033 


7,164 


12,991 


1.81 


2,828 


3,577 


39,325 


10.99 


3,374 


2,957 


17,150 


5.21 



9.21 



5.00 



12.36 



377 


402 


7,280 


18.09 


15 


15 


330 


21.16 


362 


387 


6,950 


17.97 


140 


142 


3,102 


21.90 


1,406 


1,327 


15,318 


11.54 


36 


26 


1,335 


51.97 


2,033 


427 


7,650 


17.91 


1,152 


1,048 


6,975 


6.65 



4.08 



20.45 
3.96 



6.77 



1 Calculated from unrounded figures. 

2 Reported data were accepted in confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 

3 The data include external drug and cosmetic dyes. 

4 The data include azoic compositions, azoic coupling components, azoic diazo components (bases and salts), 
fiber reactive dyes, fluorescent brightening agents, food, drug and cosmetic colors, mordant dyes, sulfur dyes, and 
miscellaneous dyes. Statistics for those groups of dyes may not be published separately because publication would 
disclose information received in confidence. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



4-3 



Section 4 

Table 4-2 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Dyes statistics 1 (according to list in table 4-3) 

Acid dyes: Yes 

Acid yellow dyes: Yes 

Acid Yellow 5 No BAS. 

Acid Yellow 17 No CK. 

Acid Yellow 19 No CK. 

Acid Yellow23 No BAS, LVR. WJ. 

Acid Yellow 34 No CK. 

Acid Yellow 36 No CK. 

Acid Yellow 49 No CK, FAB. 

Acid Yellow 59 No BAS, CK. 

Acid Yellow 65 No CK. 

Acid Yellow 135 No ICI. 

Acid Yellow 137 No CK. 

Acid Yellow 151 No CK. 

Acid Yellow 159 No CK. 

Acid Yellow 199 No CK. 

Acid Yellow 200 No CK. 

Acid Yellow 216 No VPC. 

Acid Yellow 219 No CK. 

Acid Yellow 226 No BAS. 

Acid Yellow 239 No DGO. 

All other acid yellow dyes No CK. 

Acid orange dyes: No 

Acid Orange 7 No BAS, CK, LVR. WJ. 

Acid Orange 8 No CK. 

Acid Orange 10 No CK, ROM. 

Acid Orange 24 No CK. 

Acid Orange 60 No CK. 

Acid Orange 64 No CK. 

Acid Orange 89 No BAS. 

Acid Orange 116 No CK. 

Acid Orange 128 No CK. 

Acid Orange 152 No CK. 

Acid Orange 156 No CK. 

Acid Orange 161 No CK. 

Acid red dyes: No 

Acid Red 1 No CK. 

Acid Red 14 No CK. 

Acid Red 18 No CK. 

Acid Red 26 No CK. 

Acid Red 33 No FAB. 

Acid Red 57 No CK. 

Acid Red 73 No PSC. 

Acid Red 88 No FAB. 

Acid Red 119 No CK. 

Acid Red 151 No CK. 

Acid Red 182 No CK, VPC. 

Acid Red 201 No CK. 

Acid Red 226 No BAS. 

Acid Red 266 No CK. FAB, VPC. 

Acid Red 278 No CK. 

Acid Red 296 No BAS. 

Acid Red 299 No CK. 

Acid Red 337 No CK, FAB, VPC. 

Acid Red 350 No CK. 

Acid Red 364 No CK. 

Acid Red 384 No CK. 

Acid Red 388 No CK. 

Acid Red 396 No ICI. 

Acid Red 400 No CK. 

Acid Red 418 No CK. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



4-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 4-2— Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Dyes statistics 1 (according to list in table 4-3) 

Acid dyes-Continued Yes 

Acid red dyes-Continued No 

Acid Red 419 No CK. 

All other acid red dyes No BAS. 

Acid violet dyes: No 

Acid violet 3 No FAB. 

Acid Violet 7 No CK, FAB. 

Acid Violet 12 No CK, FAB. 

Acid Violet 17 No BAS. 

Acid blue dyes: Yes 

Acid Blue 9 No BAS, LVR, WJ. 

Acid Blue 15 No BAS. 

Acid Blue 25 No VPC. 

Acid Blue 40 No CK. 

Acid Blue 41 No CK. 

Acid Blue 50 No BAS. 

Acid Blue 62 No CK. 

Acid Blue 67 No BAS. 

Acid Blue 104 No CK. 

Acid Blue 113 No CK. 

Acid Blue 145 No CK. 

Acid Blue 231 No CK. 

Acid Blue 281 No CK. 

Acid Blue 298 No CK. 

Acid Blue 321 No CK. 

Acid Blue 324 Yes CK, S, VPC. 

Acid Blue 330 No CK, 

All other acid blue dyes No CK. 

Acid green dyes: No 

Acid Green 1 No LVR. 

Acid Green 5 No WJ. 

Acid Green 16 No LVR. 

Acid Green 20 No CK. 

Acid Green 25 No CK. 

All other acid green dyes No CK. 

Acid brown dyes: No 

Acid Brown 14 No CK, FAB, LVR. 

Acid Brown 19 No CK. 

Acid Brown 50 No BAS. 

Acid Brown 96 No FAB. 

Acid Brown 97 No BAS, FAB. 

Acid Brown 98 No FAB. 

Acid Brown 147 No CK. 

Acid Brown 159 No BAS. 

Acid Brown 160 No BAS. 

Acid Brown 161 No BAS. 

Acid Brown 165 No BAS. 

Acid Brown 188 No CK. 

Acid Brown 189 No CK. 

Acid Brown 227 No BAS. 

Acid Brown 239 No CK. 

Acid Brown 264 No BAS. 

Acid Brown 439 No CK. 

Acid black dyes: No 

Acid Black 1 No CK. LVR. 

Acid Black 2 No CK, LVR. 

Acid Black 52 No CK, S. 

Acid Black60 No CK. 

Acid Black63 No BAS. 

Acid Black 92 No FAB. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



4-5 



Section 4 

Table 4-2— Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' Identification codes 
Dyes statistics 1 (according to list in table 4-3) 

Acid dyes-Continued Yes 

Acid black dyes-Continued No 

Acid Black 107 No CK. 

Acid Black 172 No CK. 

Acid Black 194 No BAS. 

Acid Black210 No BAS. 

All other acid black dyes No BAS. 

Azoic dyes and components: No 

Azoic compositions: No 

Azoic yellow compositions: No 

Azoic Yellow 1 No BUC. 

Azoic red compositions: No 

Azoic Red 1 No BUC. 

Azoic Red 2 No BUC. 

Azoic Red 6 No BUC. 

Azoic Red 32 No CK. 

All other azoic red compositions No BUC. 

Azoic violet compositions: No 

All other azoic violet compositions No BUC. 

Azoic blue compositions: No 

Azoic Blue 3 No BUC. 

Azoic Blue 6 No CK. 

Azoic Blue 20 No CK. 

Azoic brown compositions: No 

Azoic Brown 9 No BUC. 

Azoic black compositions: No 

Azoic Black 4 No BUC. 

Azoic Black 48 No CK. 

All other azoic black compositions No BUC. 

Azoic diazo components, bases: No 

Azoic Diazo Component 5, base No ALL. 

Azoic Diazo Component 13, base No ALL. 

Azoic Diazo Component 32, base No ALL. 

All other azoic diazo components, base No ALL. 

Azoic diazo components, salts: No 

Azoic Diazo Component 1 , salt No BUC. 

Azoic Diazo Component 3, salt No ALL, BUC. 

Azoic Diazo Component 5, salt No ALL, BUC. 

Azoic Diazo Component 8, salt No BUC. 

Azoic Diazo Component 9, salt No BUC. 

Azoic Diazo Component 10, salt No BUC. 

Azoic Diazo Component 12, salt No ALL, BUC. 

Azoic Diazo Component 13, salt — No BUC. 

Azoic coupling components: No 

Azoic Coupling Component 2 No ALL. 

Azoic Coupling Component 4 No ALL. 

Azoic Coupling Component 12 No ALL. 

Azoic Coupling Component 14 No ALL. 

Azoic Coupling Component 17 No ALL. 

Azoic Coupling Component 18 No ALL. 

Azoic Coupling Component 20 No ALL. 

Azoic Coupling Component 34 No ALL. 

Azoic Coupling Component 43 No ALL. 

Basic dyes (classical and modified) 
Basic yellow dyes Yes 

Basic Yellow 15 No CK. 

Basic Yellow 28 No BAS, VPC. 

Basic Yellow 29 No BAS. 

Basic Yellow 53 No CK. 

Basic Yellow 58 No VPC. 

Basic Yellow 65 No BAS. 

Basic Yellow 78 No BAS. 

Basic Yellow 79 No CK. 



See footnotes at end of table. 
4-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 4-2— Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

Dyes statistics 1 (according to list in table 4-3) 

Basic dyes (classical and modified)-Continued Yes 

Basic yellow dyes-Continued Yes 

Basic Yellow 11 No CK. 

Basic Yellow 83 No CK. 

Basic Yellow 94 No S. 

Basic Yellow 96 No BAS. 

Basic Yellow 98 No BAS. 

Basic Yellow 102 No BAS. 

All other basic yellow dyes No ALL. 

Basic orange dyes: Yes 

Basic Orange 1 No BAS, CK. 

Basic Orange 2 No BAS, CK, PSC. 

Basic Orange 21 No CK.VPC. 

Basic Orange 26 No CK. 

All other basic orange dyes No BAS. 

Basic red dyes: Yes 

Basic Red 12 No CK, VPC. 

Basic Red 14 No BAS, CK, VPC. 

Basic Red 15 No BAS, CK. 

Basic Red 17 No CK. 

Basic Red 29 No BAS. 

Basic Red 46 No CK. 

Basic Red 49 No BAS. 

Basic Red 73 No CK. 

Basic Red 104 No CK. 

Basic Red 111 No S. 

All other basic red dyes No BAS. 

Basic violet dyes: Yes 

Basic Violet 1 No BAS, DSC. 

Basic Violet 3 No CK, DSC. 

Basic Violet 4 No DSC. 

Basic Violet 16 No CK, VPC. 

All other basic violet dyes No BAS. 

Basic blue dyes: Yes 

Basic Blue 1 No BAS. 

Basic Blue 3 No BAS, CK. 

Basic Blue 6 No BAS. 

Basic Blue 7 No DSC. 

Basic Blue 21 No CK. 

Basic Blue 41 No BAS. 

Basic Blue 60 No BAS. 

Basic Blue 77 No CK. 

Basic Blue 94 and 94:1 No CK. 

Basic Blue 140 No S, VPC. 

Basic Blue 152 No BAS. 

All other basic blue dyes No BAS. 

All other basic blue dyes, modified No BAS. 

Basic green dyes: No 

Basic Green 4 No BAS. 

All other basic green dyes No BAS. 

Basic brown dyes: No 

Basic Brown 1 No PSC. 

Basic Brown 4 No BAS, PSC. 

All other basic brown dyes No BAS. 

Basic black dyes: No 

All other basic black dyes No BAS. 

All other basic black dyes, modified No BAS, CK. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



4-7 



Section 4 

Table 4-2— Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Dyes statistics 1 (according to list in table 4-3) 

Direct dyes: Yes 

Direct yellow dyes: Yes 

Direct Yellow 4 No BAS, CK, LVR, VPC. 

Direct Yellow 5 No BAS. 

Direct Yellow6 No BAS, VPC. 

Direct Yellow 11 No BAS, VPC. 

Direct Yellow 34 No CK. 

Direct Yellow 44 No CK. 

Direct Yellow 51 No S. 

Direct Yellow 105 No CK. 

Direct Yellow 106 No CK. 

Direct Yellow 107 No CK. 

Direct Yellow 118 No CK. 

Direct Yellow 119 No VPC. 

Direct Yellow 127 No BAS, CK, S. VPC. 

Direct Yellow 131 No VPC. 

Direct Yellow 132 No S. 

Direct Yellow 133 No S. 

Direct Yellow 137 No VPC. 

Direct Yellow 147 No BAS, CK, FAB, VPC. 

Direct Yellow 148 No S. 

All other direct yellow dyes No BAS, CK, VPC. 

Direct orange dyes: No 

Direct Orange 15 No FAB, VPC. 

Direct Orange 26 No CK. 

Direct Orange 34 No CK, FAB. 

Direct Orange 39 No CK, FAB. 

Direct Orange 72 No CK. 

Direct Orange 80 No CK. 

Direct Orange 102 No BAS, CK, VPC. 

Direct Orange 118 No S. 

All other direct orange dyes No BAS. 

Direct red dyes: Yes 

Direct Red 2 No CK. 

Direct Red 9 No CK. 

Direct Red 16 No CK, FAB. 

Direct Red 24 No CK, FAB. 

Direct Red 26 No CK. 

Direct Red 72 No CK. 

Direct Red 73 No CK. 

Direct Red 79 No CK. 

Direct Red 80 No CK. 

Direct Red 81 No CK, LVR, VPC. 

Direct Red 83 No CK, FAB. 

Direct Red 224 No CK. 

Direct Red 227 No CK. 

Direct Red 236 No BAS, VPC. 

Direct Red 238 No VPC. 

Direct Red 239 No BAS, CK, S. 

Direct Red 243 No CK. 

Direct Red 254 Yes BAS, CK, VPC. 

Direct Red 263 No BAS. 

All other direct red dyes No BAS, CK, VPC. 

Direct violet dyes: Yes 

Direct Violet 9 No CK. 

Direct Violet 35 No S. 

Direct Violet 66 No CK. 

Direct Violet 99 No VPC. 

Direct Violet 195 No CK. 

All other direct violet dyes No BAS. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



4-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 4-2 — Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Dyes statistics 1 (according to list in table 4-3) 

Direct dyes-Continued 
Direct blue dyes: Yes 

Direct Blue 14 No FAB. 

Direct Blue 15 No VPC. 

Direct Blue 25 No CK, FAB. 

Direct Blue 75 No CK, S. 

Direct Blue 76 No CK. 

Direct Blue 80 No CK, FAB. 

Direct Blue 86 Yes CK, S. VPC. 

Direct Blue 98 No CK, FAB. 

Direct Blue 100 No FAB. 

Direct Blue 108 No CK. 

Direct Blue 160 No CK. 

Direct Blue 189 No CK. 

Direct Blue 191 No CK. 

Direct Blue 199 No BAS, S, VPC. 

Direct Blue 218 No CK, FAB, VPC. 

Direct Blue 261 No S. 

Direct Blue 269 No VPC. 

Direct Blue 273 No S. 

Direct Blue 279 No VPC. 

Direct Blue 281 No VPC. 

Direct Blue 283 No CK. 

Direct Blue 285 No CK. 

Direct Blue 286 No CK. 

All other direct blue dyes No BAS, CK, VPC. 

Direct green dyes: No 

Direct Green 92 No CK: 

All other direct green dyes No CK, FAB. 

Direct brown dyes: No 

Direct Brown 44 No FAB. 

Direct Brown 154 No CK. 

All other direct brown dyes No FAB, VPC. 

Direct black dyes: No 

Direct Black22 No CK, FAB. 

Direct Black80 No CK, FAB. 

Direct Black 163 No S. 

Direct Black 165 No CK. 

Direct Black 170 No CK. 

Direct Black 179 No CK. 

All other direct black dyes No BAS, CK, FAB, VPC. 

Disperse dyes: Yes 

Disperse yellow dyes: Yes 

Disperse Yellow 3 No CK. 

Disperse Yellow 23 No CK. 

Disperse Yellow 34 No EKT. 

Disperse Yellow 42 No S. 

Disperse Yellow 54 No BAS. 

Disperse Yellow 64 No BAS, HCL. 

Disperse Yellow 77 No VPC. 

Disperse Yellow 86 No CK, EKT. 

Disperse Yellow 88 No EKT. 

Disperse Yellow 108 No EKT. 

Disperse Yellow 114 No HCL 

Disperse Yellow 126 No ICI. 

Disperse Yellow 198 No BAS. 

Disperse Yellow 219 No S. 

Disperse Yellow 238 No CK. 

Disperse Yellow 239 No CK. 

All other disperse yellow dyes No BAS, ICI, VPC. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



4-9 



Section 4 

Table 4-2— Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Dyes statistics 1 (according to list in table 4-3) 

Disperse dyes-Continued 
Disperse orange dyes: Yes 

Disperse Orange 3 No CK. 

Disperse Orange 25 and 25:1 No CK, ICI. 

Disperse Orange 29 No CK. 

Disperse Orange 30 No BUC, CK, S, SDC. 

Disperse Orange 37 No CK, EKT. 

Disperse Orange 41 No S. 

Disperse Orange 44 and 44:1 No CK, EKT. 

Disperse Orange 73 No BAS, CK. 

Disperse Orange 89 No CK. 

Disperse Orange 138 No EKT. 

Disperse Orange 153 No CK. 

Disperse red dyes: Yes 

Disperse Red 1 No CK. 

Disperse Red 5 No CK. 

Disperse Red 9 No CK. 

Disperse Red 13 No CK. 

Disperse Red 17 No CK. 

Disperse Red 30 No EKT. 

Disperse Red 50 No CK. 

Disperse Red 55 No BAS. 

Disperse Red 60 No BAS, CK. 

Disperse Red 65 No CK. 

Disperse Red 73 No CK, S. 

Disperse Red 74 No S. 

Disperse Red 86 No CK, S. SDC. 

Disperse Red 88 No EKT. 

Disperse Red 91 No BAS. 

Disperse Red 117 No EKT. 

Disperse Red 135 No CK. 

Disperse Red 136 No EKT. 

Disperse Red 137 No EKT 

Disperse Red 145 No CK. 

Disperse Red 153 Yes CK, FAB, S. 

Disperse Red 159 No VPC. 

Disperse Red 167 and 167:1 No CK, S. 

Disperse Red 177 Yes CK, ICI, S. 

Disperse Red 179 No S. 

Disperse Red 273 No S. 

Disperse Red 274 No CK, S. 

Disperse Red 278 No ICI. 

Disperse Red 305 No EKT. 

Disperse Red 307 No EKT. 

Disperse Red 311 No ICI. 

Disperse Red 313 No S. 

Disperse Red 316 No S. 

Disperse Red 325 No CK. 

Disperse Red 333 No S. 

Disperse Red 338 No EKT. 

Disperse Red 339 No EKT. 

Disperse Red 340 No EKT. 

Disperse Red 345 No CK. 

Disperse Red 358 No HCL 

All other disperse red dyes No BAS, SDC. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



4-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table 4-2— Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
D V es statistics 1 (according to list in table 4-3) 



Disperse dyes-Continued 
Disperse violet dyes: Yes 

Disperse Violet 1 No CK 

Disperse Violet 17 No CK 

Disperse Violet 28 No CK 

Disperse Violet 33 No ICI S 

Disperse Violet 36 No S 

Disperse Violet 48 No HCL 

Disperse Violet 60 No S 

All other disperse violet dyes No EKT 

Disperse blue dyes: 

Disperse Blue 1 No CK 

Disperse Blue 3 No CK EKT. 

Disperse Blue 14 No CK 

Disperse Blue 27 No EKT. 

Disperse Blue 56 No CK 

Disperse Blue 60 No BAS 

Disperse Blue 62 No EKT. 

Disperse Blue 64 No EKT 

Disperse Blue 73 No S 

n!!Kfr« r!m! II ^ es BAS - BUC - CK > EKT - "CI. S. 

Disperse Blue 95 No HCL 

Disperse Blue 102 No CK EKT 

Disperse Blue 118 No EKT 

Disperse Blue 148 " No BAS 

Disperse Blue 175 No CK 

Disperse Blue 183 No S 

Disperse Blue 200 " No ICI 

Disperse Blue 281 No S 

Disperse Blue 284 No ICI 

Disperse Blue 291 [ No CK S 

Disperse Blue 333 No HCL 

Disperse Blue 337 No EKT.' 

Disperse Blue 359 No CK 

All other disperse blue dyes '.'. No BAS, BUC ICI SDC 

Disperse green dyes: Yes 

Disperse Green 9 No ICI 

Disperse brown dyes: "Yes 

Disperse Brown 1 Yes BUC. CK, S, SDC 

Disperse Brown 18 No «.««.«■ «»~. 

Disperse Brown 22 No EKT. 

Disperse Brown 26 No CK 

Disperse Brown 27 No CK 

Disperse black dyes: Yes 

SpPf^eBlackg No CK.EKT.FAB. 

All other disperse black dyes No BAS SDC 

Fiber-reactive dyes: No 

Reactive yellow dyes: No 

Reactive Yellow 7 No ICI 

Reactive Yellow 15 No HCL 

Reactive Yellow 18 No ICI 

Reactive Yellow 42 No HCL 

Reactive Yellow 86 No ICI 

Reactive Yellow 135 No ICl' 

Reactive Yellow 160 No HCL 

Reactive Yellow 165 '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. No S 

All other reactive yellow dyes No HCL 



See footnotes at end of table. 



4-11 



Section 4 

Table 4-2— Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

Dyes statistics 1 (according to list in table 4-3) 

Fiber-reactive dyes-Continued 

Reactive orange dyes: No 

Reactive Orange 1 No ICI. 

Reactive Orange 4 No ICI. 

Reactive Orange 12 No ICI. 

Reactive Orange 13 No ICI. 

Reactive Orange 16 No CK. 

Reactive Orange 20 No CK. 

Reactive Orange 72 No CK. 

Reactive Orange 84 No ICI. 

Reactive Orange 86 No ICI. 

All other reactive orange dyes No HCL. 

Reactive red dyes: No 

Reactive Red 2 No ICI. 

Reactive Red 11 No ICI. 

Reactive Red 21 No HCL 

Reactive Red 24 No BAS. 

Reactive Red 31 No ICI. 

Reactive Red 33 No ICI. 

Reactive Red 35 No HCL. 

Reactive Red 43 No CK, ICI. 

Reactive Red 49 No HCL. 

Reactive Red 94 No HCL. 

Reactive Red 120 No ICI, S. 

Reactive Red 141 No ICI. 

Reactive Red 180 No HCL. 

All other reactive red dyes No CK, HCL. 

Reactive violet dyes: No 

Reactive Violet 1 No ICI. 

Reactive Violet 5 No HCL. 

All other reactive violet dyes No HCL, ICI. 

Reactive blue dyes: No 

Reactive Blue 3 No ICI. 

Reactive Blue 4 No ICI. 

Reactive Blue 5 No ICI. 

Reactive Blue 7 No CK. 

Reactive Blue 19 No HCL. 

Reactive Blue 21 No HCL. 

Reactive Blue 28 No CK. 

Reactive Blue 38 No HCL. 

Reactive Blue 41 No S. 

Reactive Blue 71 No ICI. 

Reactive Blue 89 No ICI. 

Reactive Blue 199 No ICI. 

Reactive Blue 214 No S. 

All other reactive blue dyes No HCL, ICI. 

Reactive green dyes: No 

Reactive Green 19 No ICI. 

Reactive brown dyes: No 

Reactive Brown 1 No ICI. 

Reactive Brown 17 No ICI. 

Reactive Brown 18 No HCL. 

Reactive black dyes: No 

Reactive Black5 No CK, HCL 

Reactive Black 9 No ICI. 

All other reactive blackdyes No HCL. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



4-12 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 4-2— Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Dyes statistics 1 (according to list in table 4-3) 

Fluorescent brighteners: No 



Fluorescent Bri 
Fluorescent Bri 
Fluorescent Bri 
Fluorescent Bri 
Fluorescent Bri 
Fluorescent Bri 
Fluorescent Bri 
Fluorescent Bri 
Fluorescent Bri 
Fluorescent Bri 
Flourescent Bri 
Flourescent Bri 



rightener 28 No VPC. 

rightener 49 No S. 

Tightener 52 No S. 

Tightener 61 No BAS. 

Tightener 71 No VPC. 

'ightener 130 No BAS. 

•ightener205 No VPC. 

•ightener 231 No S. 

■ightener 232 No S. 

ightener 290 No S. 

■ightener 315 No CK. 

Tightener 339 No CK. 

All other fluorescent brighteners No S, VPC. 

Food, drug, and cosmetic colors: No 

Food, drug, and cosmetic dyes: No 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Blue 1 No WJ. 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Blue 2 No WJ. 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Green 3 No WJ. 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Red 2 No WJ. 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Red 3 No WJ. 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Red 40 No WJ. 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Yellow 5 No WJ. 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Yellow 6 No CK, WJ. 

Drug and cosmetic dyes: No 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 57:1 No SNA. 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 11 No SNA. 

Drug and Cosmetic Green 5 No CK, WJ. 

Drug and Cosmetic Orange 5 No CCG, SNA. 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 6 No CCG, SNA. 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 7 No CCG, SNA. 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 17 No WJ. 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 21 No CCG, SNA. 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 22 No WJ. 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 27 No CCG, SNA, WJ. 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 30 No CCG, SNA. 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 33 No CCG, CK, SNA, WJ. 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 34 No CCG, SNA. 

Drug and Cosmetic Red 36 No CCG, SNA. 

Drug and Cosmetic Yellow 5 No CCG. 

Drug and Cosmetic Yellow 8 No WJ. 

Drug and Cosmetic Yellow 10 No CCG, CK, WJ. 

Drug and cosmetic dyes, external: No 

External Drug and Cosmetic Orange 3 No CK, WJ. 

Mordant dyes: No 

Mordant yellow dyes: No 

Mordant Yellow 16 No CK. 

Mordant orange dyes: No 

Mordant Orange 1 No FAB. 

Mordant Orange 3 No FAB. 

Mordant Orange 6 No FAB. 

Mordant brown dyes: No 

Mordant Brown 1 No FAB. 

Mordant Brown 33 No FAB. 

Mordant Brown 70 No FAB. 

Solvent dyes: Yes 

Solvent yellow dyes: Yes 

Solvent Yellow 3 No PSC. 

Solvent Yellow 13 Yes BAS, CK, FAB. 

Solvent Yellow 14 No PSC. 

Solvent Yellow 16 No PSC. 

Solvent Yellow 18 No CK. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



4-13 



Section 4 

Table 4-2— Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

Dyes statistics 1 (according to list in table 4-3) 

Solvent dyes— Continued: Yes 

Solvent yellow dyes— Continued: Yes 

Solvent Yellow 33 No BAS, CIC, MRT. 

Solvent Yellow 40 No CK. 

Solvent Yellow 42 No CK. 

Solvent Yellow 43 No HCL 

Solvent Yellow 56 No PSC. 

Solvent Yellow 72 No CIC, FAB, PSC, UCM. 

Solvent Yellow 96 No MRT. 

Solvent Yellow 131 No DGO. 

Solvent Yellow 135 No DGO. 

Solvent Yellow 143 No MRT. 

Solvent Yellow 160 No (2). 

Solvent Yellow 161 No MRT 

Solvent Yellow 167 No CIC. 

All other solvent yellow dyes No CK, MRT, (2). 

Solvent orange dyes: Yes 

Solvent Orange 2 No PSC. 

Solvent Orange 3 No PSC. 

Solvent Orange 7 No CK, PSC. 

Solvent Orange 20 No BAS, CK. FAB. 

Solvent Orange 23 No CK. 

Solvent Orange 31 No PSC. 

Solvent Orange 60 No CIC. 

Solvent Orange 77 No MRT. 

Solvent Orange 97 No MRT. 

All other solvent orange dyes No (2). 

Solvent red dyes: Yes 

Solvent Red 1 No PSC. 

Solvent Red 23 No PSC. 

Solvent Red 24 No PSC. 

Solvent Red 26 No PSC. 

Solvent Red 27 No PSC. 

Solvent Red 49 No BAS. 

Solvent Red 68 No CK, MRT. 

Solvent Red 111 No MRT. 

Solvent Red 164 No MRT, (2), (2). 

Solvent Red 166 No MRT. 

Solvent Red 168 No MRT. 

Solvent Red 169 No MRT 

Solvent Red 175 No MRT 

Solvent Red 179 No CIC. 

Solvent Red 207 No MRT. 

Solvent Red 208 No MRT. 

Solvent violet dyes: Yes 

Solvent Violet 8 No BAS, DSC. 

Solvent Violet 9 No DSC. 

Solvent Violet 11 No CK. 

Solvent Violet 13 No CK. 

Solvent Violet 38 No MRT. 

All other solvent violet dyes No CK. 

Solvent blue dyes: Yes 

Solvent Blue 3 No PSG. 

Solvent Blue 5 No DSC 

Solvent Blue 23 No BAS. 

Solvent Blue 35 No MRT. 

Solvent Blue 36 No MRT. 

Solvent Blue 38 No TNI. 

Solvent Blue 58 No VPC 

Solvent Blue 59 No MRT, VPC. 

Solvent Blue 98 No MRT. 



See footnotes at end of table. 
4-14 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table 4-2— Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Dves statistics 1 (according to list in table 4-3) 

Solvent blue dyes— Continued: Yes 

Solvent Blue 99 No MRT. 

Solvent Blue 100 No MRT 

Solvent Blue 102 No MRT 

Solvent Blue 128 No MRT 

Solvent Blue 129 No MRT 

Solvent green dyes: No 

Solvent Green 3 No CK, MRT 

Solvent brown dyes: No 

Solvent Brown 12 No PSC 

Solvent Brown 20 No CK MRT 

Solvent Brown 22 No PSC 

Solvent Brown 38 No FAB 

Solvent Brown 52 No MRT. 

Solvent black dyes: No 

Solvent Black 5 No LVR 

Solvent Black 7 No BAS, CK, OCC, PSC. 

Solvent Black 13 No CK 

Solvent Black 26 No FAB 

Solvent Black 46 No MRT. 

Solvent Black 47 No MRT 

Solvent Black 49 No MRT 

Sulfur dyes: No 

Sulfur yellow dyes: No 

Leuco Sulfur Yellow 21 No SDC 

Leuco Sulfur Yellow 22 No SDC 

All other sulfur yellow dyes No SDC 

Sulfur orange dyes: No 

All other sulfur orange dyes No SDC 

Sulfur red dyes: No 

Leuco Sulfur Red 14 No SDC 

Sulfur Red 10 No SDC 

Sulfur blue dyes: No 

Leuco Sulfur Blue 7 No S SDC 

Leuco Sulfur Blue 11 No SDC 

Leuco sulfur blue 20 No S 

Sulfur green dyes: " No 

Leuco Sulfur Green 2 No SDC 

Leuco Sulfur Green 16 No SDC 

Leuco Sulfur Green 34 No SDC 

Leuco Sulfur Green 35 No SDC 

Leuco Sulfur Green 36 No SDC 

Solubilized Sulfur Green 11 No S 

Sulfur brown dyes: No 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 1, 1:1 No SDC 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 3 No SDC 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 37 No S SDC 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 52 No SDC 

Leuco Sulfur Brown 96 No SDC 

Sulfur Brown 37 No SDC 

Sulfur Brown 96 No SDC 

Sulfur black dyes: No 

Leuco Sulfur Black 1 No SDC 

Leuco Sulfur Black 2 No S SDC 

Leuco Sulfur Black 11, 11:1 No SDC 

Leuco Sulfur Black 18 No SDC 

Solubilized Sulfur Black 2 No SDC 

Sulfur Black 2 No SDC 

Sulfur Black 11, 11:1 " " No SDC' 



See footnotes at end of table. 



4-15 



Section 4 

Table 4-2— Continued 

Dyes for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

Dyes statistics 1 (according to list in table 4-3) 

Vat dyes: Yes 

Vat orange dyes: Yes 

VatOrange1,20% No SDC. 

Vat Orange 2, 12% No BAS. 

Vat Orange 7, 11% No HCL 

Vat Orange 9, 12% No BAS. 

Vat red dyes: No 

Vat Red 10, 18% No BAS. 

Vat Red 15, 10% No HCL. 

All other vat red dyes No HCL. 

Vat violet dyes: No 

Vat Violet 13, 6-1/4% No BAS. SDC. 

Vat blue dyes: No 

Vat Blue 1, 20% No BCC. 

Vat Blue 6. 8-1/3% No BAS, SDC. 

Vat Blue 16. 16% No BAS. 

Vat Blue 19 No BAS. 

Vat Blue 29 No BAS. 

Vat Blue 43 No SDC. 

Vat Blue 66 No BAS. 

All other vat blue dyes No SDC. 

Vat green dyes: No 

Vat Green 1,6% No BAS, SDC. 

Vat Green 3, 10% No BAS, SDC. 

Vat Green 7 No SDC. 

Vat brown dyes: No 

Vat Brown 57, 12.8% No HCL. 

Vat black dyes: No 

Vat Black 22, 19% No SDC. 

Vat Black25, 12-1/2% No BAS, SDC. 

Miscellaneous dyes: Yes 

All otherdyes Yes MRT, RIL, SDC. 

1 Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'yes.' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'no.' 

2 The manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



4-16 



Table 4-3 

Dyes: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1991 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Code Name of company 

ALL Alliance Chemical, Inc. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BCC Buffalo Color Corp. 

BUC Synalloy Corp., Blackman Uhler 

Chemical Div. 

CCG Warner-Jenkinson Cosmetic Colors 

CIC Color Chem International Corp. 

CK Crompton & Knowles Corp. 

DGO Day-Go Color Corp. 

DSC Dye Specialties, Inc. 

EKT Eastman Kodak Co., Tennessee 

Eastman Co. Div. 

FAB Fabricator Manufacturing Corp. 

HCL Hoechst Celanese Corp. : 

Sou-Tex Works 

Specialty Chem Group 



Code Name of company 

ICI ICI Americas, Inc., Specialty Chem Div. 

LVR C. Lever Co., Inc. 

MRT Morton International, Inc., 

Specialty Chemicals 

OCC Orient Chemical Corp. 

PSC Passaic Color & Chemical Co. 

PSG PMC, Inc., PMC Specialities Group, Inc. 

RIL Reilly Industries, Inc. 

ROM Roma Color, Inc. 

S & Sandoz, Inc. 

SDC Sandoz Chemicals Corp. 

SNA Sun Chemical Corp., Pigments Div. 

TNI Gillette Chemical Co. 

UCM United Color Manufacturing Co. 

VPC Miles, Inc. 

WJ Warner-Jenkinson Co. 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaire of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



4-17 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Section 5 
Organic Pigments 

Organic pigments are toners and lakes 1 derived in 
whole or in part from benzenoid chemicals and colors. 

Statistics on production and sales of all organic 
pigments in 1990 are given in table 5-1. Individual 
toners and lakes are identified in this report by the 
names used in the third edition of the Colour Index. 

Total production of organic pigments in 1991 was 
51 million kilograms. 2.4 percent less than the 52 
million kilograms produced in 1990. Total sales of 
organic pigments in 1991 amounted to 39 million 
kilogams, valued at $644 million, compared with 45 
million kilograms, valued at $717 million, in 1990. In 
terms of quantity, sales of organic pigments in 1991 
were 11.9 percent lower than in 1990; in terms of 
value, sales in 1991 were 10.3 percent lower than in 
1990. Changes in U.S. production of pigments have 
followed overall changes in U.S. economic activity 
during 1987-91 (see figure 5-1). 



Production of toners in 1991 accounted for over 99 
percent of total pigment production. Changes in toner 
production and sales mirrored changes in production 
and sales of total pigments. The individual toners listed 
in the report which were produced in the largest 
quantities in 1991 were Pigment Yellow 12, Pigment 
Yellow 14, Pigment Red 48:2 calcium toner. Pigment 
Red 53:1 barium toner, and Pigment Green 7. 

Table 5-2 lists the products reported in this section 
and indicates the manufacturer(s) of each by code. 
These codes are identified by company name in table 
5-3. 

Jesse Lawrence Johnson 
202-205-3351 



Figure 5-1 

Organic pigments: U.S. production, 1987-91 



Millions 
of kilograms 



60- 




1987 



1988 



1989 



1990 



1991 



Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 

1 Toners and lakes are essentially the same in their final form; they differ in the method of preparation. A lake is an 
organic pigment produced by the interaction of a soluble dye, a precipitant, and an absorptive inorganic substrate. A 
toner is an insoluble dye produced as a powder; some toners are extended by the inclusion of a solid diluent. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



5-1 



Section 5 



Table 5-1 

Organic pigments: U.S. production and sales, 1991 












Production 


Sales 




Average 
Unit 


Organic pigments 


Quantity 


Value 1 


value 2 



1,000 
Kilograms 
dry basis 3 

Grand Total 51,311 

Toners 

Yellow toners, total 14,548 

Acetoacetarylide yellows, total 1 ,498 

Pigment Yellow 65, C.I. 11 740 135 

Pigment Yellow 74, C.I. 11 741 531 

All other acetoacetarylide yellows 832 

Diarylide: 

Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090 9,040 

Pigment Yellow 13, C.I. 21 100 285 

Pigment Yellow 14, C.I. 21 095 2,963 

Pigment Yellow 17, C.I. 21 105 147 

Pigment Yellow 83, C.I. 21 108 537 

All other yellow toners 78 

Orange toners, total 1,217 

Pigment Orange 5, C.I. 21 075 392 

Pigment Orange 13 58 

Pigment Orange 16, C.I. 21 160 382 

Pigment Orange 34 41 

All other Orange toners 344 

Red toners, total 15,959 

Naphthol reds, total 1.000 

Pigment Red 2, C.I. 12 310 25 

Pigment Red 22, C.I. 12 315 210 

Pigment Red 23, C.I. 12 355 103 

Ail other naphthol reds 662 

Other red toners, total 14,959 

Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120 251 

Pigment Red 38, C.I. 12 120 72 

Pigment Red 48:1 , barium toner, C.I. 15 865 777 

Pigment Red 48:2, calcium toner, C.I. 15 865 955 

Pigment Red 52:1 , calcium toner, C.I. 15 860 854 

Pigment Red 52:2, manganese toner, C.I. 15 860 . . 74 

Pigment Red 53:1, barium toner, C.I. 15585 1,391 

Pigment ^ed 81, PMA, C.I. 45 160 157 

All other red toners 10,428 

Violettoners, total 2,288 

Blue toners, total 15,569 



1,000 
Kilogtams 
dry basis 3 
39,426 



10,602 



1,040 

146 
500 
394 

5,828 
207 

2,792 

143 

518 

74 

1,104 



342 
51 

344 
43 

324 

12,470 



985 

26 

199 

101 

659 

11,485 

219 

72 

609 

886 

815 

72 

1,249 

141 

7,422 

1,628 

12,070 



1,000 
dollars 



2,697 
9,350 
6,828 

63,684 
3,285 

30,973 
2,271 

13.812 
2,256 



4.165 
1,201 
5,275 
1.066 
6,526 



27,946 

56 

4,149 

2,866 

20,875 

196,603 

3,810 

1,848 

8,012 

11,946 

9,049 

1,168 

9,870 

3,571 

147,329 

76,773 

155,348 



Per 

kilogram 



643,561 $16.32 



135,156 12.75 



18,875 18.15 



18.52 
18.69 
17.33 

10.93 
15.84 
11.09 
15.87 
26.78 
30.49 



18,233 16.52 



12.19 
23.74 
15.32 
24.79 
20.14 



224,549 18.01 



28.38 
21.16 
20.88 
28.48 
31.68 
17.12 
17.41 
25.51 
13.17 
13.49 
11.10 
16.16 
7.90 
25.27 
19.85 

47.15 

12.87 



See footnotes at end of table. 



5-2 



Table 5-1— Continued 

Organic pigments: U.S. production and sales, 1991 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Organic pigments 





Sales 




Average 








Unit 
value 2 


Production 


Quantity 


Value 1 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


Per 


Kilograms 


Kilogtams 


dollars 


kilogram 


dry basis 3 


dry basis 3 






1,393 


1,344 


30,202 


22.47 


1,350 


1,290 


28,089 


21.77 





38 


1,377 


36.31 


43 


16 


736 


46.00 


9 


12 


391 


32.58 


24 


23 


609 


26.48 



Green toners, total 

Pigment Green 7, C.I. 74 260 

Pigment green 36 

All other green toners 

Lakes 

Pigment Red 83, C.I. 58 000 
Pigment Violet 5:1, C.I. 58 055 . 

All other lakes and toners 



304 



173 



2,300 13.29 



1 The value of sales for toners is reported on a dry-full strength basis and the value of sales for lakes is reported 
on a dry form basis. All sales value data exclude the additional cost of processing or packaging in commercial forms 
other than the dry full-strength or dry form. 

2 Calculated from unrounded figures. 

3 Quantities for toners are reported as dry full-strength toner content, excluding the weight of any dispersing 
agent, vehicle, or extender. Quantities for lakes are reported as dry lake content, excluding the weight or any 
dispersing agent or vehicle. 

Note.— The C.I. (Colour Index) number shown in this report are the identifying number given in the third edition of the 
Colour Index. The abbreviation PMA stands for phosphomolybdic acids. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



5-3 



Section 5 

Table 5-2 

Organic pigments for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Organic pigments 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 5-3) 



Toners: 

Yellow toners: Yes 

Acetoacetarylide yellows: Yes 

Pigment Yellow 1 No 

Pigment Yellow 2 No 

Pigment Yellow 3 No 

Pigment Yellow 60 No 

Pigment Yellow 65 Yes 

Pigment Yellow 73 No 

Pigment Yellow 74 Yes 

Pigment Yellow 75 No 

Pigment Yellow 97 No 

Pigment Yellow 98 No 

Pigment Yellow 119 No 

Pigment Yellow 194 No 

All other acetoacetarylide yellows Yes 

Diarylide yellows: 
Pigment Yellow 12 Yes 

Pigment Yellow 13 Yes 

Pigment Yellow 14 Yes 

Pigment Yellow 17 Yes 

Pigment Yellow 83 Yes 

Pigment Yellow 124 No 

Pigment Yellow 176 No 

Yellow pigments, other: 

(Basic Yellow 2), fugitive No 

Pigment Yellow 16 No 

Pigment Yellow 139 No 

All other pigment yellow toners Yes 

Orange toners: Yes 

Pigment Orange 1 No 

Pigment Orange 2 No 

Pigment Orange 5 Yes 

Pigment Orange 13 Yes 

Pigment Orange 15 No 

Pigment Orange 16 Yes 

Pigment Orange 34 Yes 

Pigment Orange 38 No 

Pigment Orange 46 No 

Pigment Orange 48 No 

All other pigment orange toners Yes 

Red toners: Yes 

Naphthol reds: Yes 

Pigment Red 2 Yes 

Pigment Red 5 No 

Pigment Red 13 No 

Pigment Red 17 No 

Pigment Red 21 No 

Pigment Red 22 Yes 

Pigment Red 23 Yes 



BAS, DUP, HSH, MAX, SNA. 

KCW. 

HEU. HSH, KCW, MAX, SNA, VPC. 

HSH. 

HCL, HEU, HSH, SNA, VPC. 

HCL, HSH, SNA, VPC. 

BAS, HCL, HEU, HSH, ROM, SNA, VPC. 

HCL, HSH, SNA. 

HCL. 

HCL. 

BAS. 

HCL. 

KCW. 

APO, BAS, CDR. HCL, HSH, IDC, IND, 

POP, ROM, SNA. 
APO, BAS, CDR. GLX, HCL, IDC, IND, 

ROM, SNA. 
BAS, CDR, FAB, GLX, HCL, HSH, IDC, 

IND, ROM, SNA, VPC. 
APO, BAS, FAB, GLX, HCL, HSH, IDC, 

IND, ROM. 
BAS, FAB, GLX. HCL, IDC, IND, ROM, 

SNA. 
GLX. 
SNA. 

MAX. 
HCL. 
VPC. 
HSH. VPC. 

MAX. 

UHL. 

BAS. HCL. HSH. SNA. 

BAS. HSH, SNA. 

IND. 

FAB, GLX, HSH, IND, ROM, SNA. 

BAS, HCL, ROM, SNA. 

CDR, HCL. 

BAS. SNA. 

CGY. 

GLX. UHL. 



GLX. HCL, HSH, MAX. 
FAB, GLX. HSH. 
KCW. 

ROM. SNA, UHL 
IND. 

FAB. GLX, HEU, IND, MAX, ROM. SNA. 
DUP, FAB, GLX, HEU, HSH. IND. KCW. 
ROM. SNA, UHL. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



5-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 5-2— Continued 

Organic pigments for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1 991 



Organic pigments 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 5-3) 



Toners-Continued 

Red toners-Continued Yes 

Naphthol reds— Continued Yes 

Pigment Red 31 No 

Pigment Red 112 No 

Pigment Red 146 No 

Pigment Red 147 No 

Pigment Red 1 70 No 

Pigment Red 210 No 

All other naphthol reds Yes 

Red toners, other: 

Pigment Red 1, (light) No 

Pigment Red 3 Yes 

Pigment Red 4 No 

Pigment Red 38 Yes 

Pigment Red 41 No 

Pigment Red 48:1, (barium) Yes 

Pigment Red 48:2, (calcium) Yes 

Pigment Red 48:3, (strontium) No 

Pigment Red 48:4, (manganese) No 

Pigment Red 49:1 , (barium) No 

Pigment Red 49:2, (calcium) No 

Pigment Red 52:1 , (calcium) Yes 

Pigment Red 52:2, (manganese) Yes 

Pigment Red 53:1 , (barium) Yes 

Pigment Red 57:1, (calcium) No 

Pigment Red 63 No 

Pigment Red 81, (PMA) Yes 

Pigment Red 81, (PTA) No 

Pigment Red 101 No 

Pigment Red 122 No 

Pigment Red 123 No 

Pigment Red 135 No 

Pigment Red 149 No 

Pigment Red 168 No 

Pigment Red 169 No 

Pigment Red 176 No 

Pigment Red 179 No 

Pigment Red 181 No 

Pigment Red 188 No 

Pigment Red 190 No 

Pigment Red 194 No 

Pigment Red 195 No 

Pigment Red 200 No 

Pigment Red 202 No 

Pigment Red 206 No 

Pigment Red 207 No 

Pigment Red 209 No 

Pigment Red 214 No 

Pigment Red 224 No 

Pigment Red 238 No 

Pigment Red 63:1 , calcium No 

All other pigment red toners Yes 



GLX. 

HCL, VPC. 

HCL 

HCL, HSH. 

GLX, HCL, HEU. 

SNA. 

BUC, FAB, GLX, MGR, ROM, (2). 

HSH. 

BAS, HSH, MAX, SNA, UHL 

HSH, MAX, SNA, UHL. 

FAB, HCL, HSH, SNA, VPC. 

VPC. 

APO, BAS, CDR, HEU, HSH. MGR, SNA, 

UHL. 
APO, BAS, CDR, HCL, HEU, HSH. MGR, 

SNA. UHL, VPC. 
HSH. 

HEU, HSH, SNA. 
BAS, IDC, MGR, SNA, UHL. 
CDR, IDC. MAX, MGR, SNA, UHL. 
APO, BAS, CDR, HSH, MGR, SNA, UHL. 
BAS, CDR, HSH, UHL 
APO, BAS. CDR, HSH. IDC, MAX, MGR, 

SNA, UHL. 
APO, BAS, CDR, FAB, HSH, IDC. MGR, 

POP, PS, SNA, UHL. 
HSH 

BAS, MGR. SNA. UHL 
BAS, MAX, UHL. 
HCL. 

SNA, VPC. 
VPC. 
HCL. 
HCL. 
VPC. 
MAX. 
HCL. 

HEU. SNA, VPC. 
HCL. 
HCL. 
VPC. 
HCL. 
HCL. 
BAS 

CGY. SNA, VPC. 
CGY 
CGY. 
SNA. 
HCL. 
VPC. 
FAB. 
SNA. 
HCL. SNA. VPC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



5-5 



Section 5 

Table 5-2— Continued 

Organic pigments for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Organic pigments 



Separate 
statistics 1 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 5-3) 



Toners-Continued 

Violet toners: Yes 

Pigment Violet 1 , (fugitive) No 

Pigment Violet 1, (PMA) No 

Pigment Violet 1, (PTA) No 

Pigment Violet 3, (fugitive) No 

Pigment Violet 3, (PMA) No 

Pigment Violet 3. (PTA) No 

Pigment Violet 4, (fugitive) No 

Pigment Violet 19 No 

Pigment Violet 23 No 

Pigment Violet 27 No 

Pigment Violet 29 No 

Pigment Violet 39, (PMA) No 

All other pigment violet toners No 

Blue toners: Yes 

Pigment Blue 1, (PMA) No 

Pigment Blue 1 , (PTA) No 

Pigment Blue 2, (PMA) No 

Pigment Blue 14, (PMA) No 

Pigment Blue 15, (a form) No 

Pigment Blue 15:1, (a form) No 

Pigment Blue 15:2, (a form) No 

Pigment Blue 15:3, (p form) No 

Pigment Blue 15:4, (P form) No 

Pigment Blue 19 No 

Pigment Blue 25 No 

Pigment Blue 61 No 

Pigment Blue 62 No 

All other pigment blue toners No 

Green toners: Yes 

Pigment Green 1 , (PMA) No 

Pigment Green 2, (PMA) No 

Pigment Green 2, (PTA) No 

Pigment Green 4, (PMA) No 

Pigment Green 7 Yes 

Pigment Green 10 No 

Pigment Green 36 Yes 

All other pigment green toners Yes 

Brown toners: 
Pigment Brown 5 No 

Black toners: 

Pigment Black 7 No 

All other pigment black toners No 

Lakes: Yes 

Yellow lakes: 

(Acid Yellow 23) No 

All other pigment yellow lakes No 

Orange lakes: 

Pigment Orange 17 No 



KCW, UHL. 

BAS, MAX, MGR, UHL 

MGR, SNA. UHL 

UHL 

MAX, MGR, UHL 

FAB, MAX, UHL. 

KCW. 

CGY, SNA, VPC. 

HCL, IPP, RMI, SNA 

MAX. 

SNA, VPC. 

BAS 

BUC, UHL, VPC. 

MGR, UHL 
MAX. 
UHL 

BAS, HSH, MGR, UHL. 
BAS, CGY, HEU, SNA. 
CGY, HCL HEU. SNA, VPC. 
CGY, HEU, SNA, VPC. 
ALG, APO, BAS, BFC, CDR, CGY, HCL. 
HEU. IDC, IPP. MGR, POP, PS, SNA. 
BFC, CGY, HEU, POP, SNA, VPC. 
BAS, PSG. 
FAB, GLX. 
BAS. 
MAX. 
BAS, FAB. 

MAX, UHL. 

MAX. 

MAX. 

UHL. 

ALG, BAS. BFC. HCL, MGR, POP. SNA, 

VPC. 
HEU. 

ALG, SNA, VPC. 
UHL. 

GLX. 

HCL. 
UHL. 



MAX. 
LVR. 



KCW. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



5-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 5-2— Continued 

Organic pigments for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Organic pigments statistics 1 (according to list in table 5-3) 

Lakes-Continued 

Red lakes: 

(Acid Red 26) No KCW. 

(Basic Red 81, PMA) No LVR. 

Pigment Red 60:1 No HSH. 

Pigment Red 83 Yes HSH, MAX, UHL 

Violet lakes: 

Violet5:1 Yes HSH, MAX, UHL, VPC. 

(Basic Blue 14, PMA) No LVR. 

Green lakes: 

(Basic Green 1, PMA) No LVR. 

(Basic Green 1. PMA) No LVR. 

1 Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'yes.' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'no.' 

2 The manufacturer did not consent to be identified with the designated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



5-7 



Section 5 

Table 5-3 

Organic pigments: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1991 



Code Name of company 

ALG Allegheny Chemical Corp. 

APO Apollo Colors, Inc. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BFC Baker Fine Color, Inc. 

BUC Synalloy Corp., Blackman Uhler 

Chemical Div. 

CDR CDR Pigments & Dispersions 

CGY Ciba-Geigy Corp. 

DUP E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc., 

Chemicals and Pigments Dept. 

FAB Fabricdor Manufacturing Corp. 

GLX Galaxie Chemical Corp. 

HCL Hoechst Celanese Corp.: 

Specialty Chem Group 

HEU Cookson Pigment, Inc. 

HSH Engelhard Corporation 



Code Name of company 

IDC Industrial Color, Inc. 

IND Indol Color Co., Inc. 

IPP Spectrachem Corp. 

KCW Keystone Color Work?, Inc. 

LVR C. Lever Co., Inc. 

MAX Max Marx Color Corp. 

MGR Magruder Color Co., Inc. 

POP , Daicolor-Pope. Inc. 

PS CPSCorp. 

PSG PMC, Inc. Specialities Group, Inc. 

RMI R-M industries 

ROM Roma Color, Inc. 

SNA Sun Chemical Corp., Pigment Div. 

UHL PaulUhljch&Co.. Inc. 

VPC Miles, Inc. 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the US. International Trade Commission. 



5-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Section 6 
Medicinal Chemicals 

Medicinal chemicals include the medicinal and 
feed grades of all organic chemicals having therapeutic 
value, whether obtained by chemical synthesis, by 
fermentation, by extraction from naturally occurring 
plant or animal substances, or by refining a technical 
grade product. They include antibiotics and other 
anti-infective agents, an tihistamine s, autonomic drugs, 
cardiovascular agents, central nervous system 
depressants and stimulants, hormones and synthetic 
substitutes, vi tamins and other therapeutic agents for 
human or veterinary use, and for animal feed 
supplements. Data for the production of these products 
during 1987-91 are shown in figure 6-1. 

Table 6-1 shows statistics for production and sales 
of medicinal chemicals grouped by pharmacological 
class. The statistics shown are for bulk chemicals only. 
Finished pharmaceutical preparations and products put 
up in pills, capsules, tablets, or other measured doses 
are excluded. 1 The reported levels of production and 
sales reflects inventory changes, processing losses, and 
captive consumption of medicinal chemicals processed 
into ethical (i.e., available by prescription) and 
proprietary pharmaceutical products by the primary 
manufacturer. In some instances, the difference may 
also include quantities for medicinal grade products 
used as intermediates; for example, penicillin V used 



as an intermediate in the manufacture of other 
antibiotics. All quantities are given in terms of 100 
percent content of the pure bulk drug. Table 6-2 lists 
the products reported in this section and indicates the 
manufacturer(s) of each by code. These codes are 
identified by company name in table 6-3. 

Total U.S. production of bulk medicinal chemicals 
in 1991 amounted to 183.9 million kilograms. Total 
sales of bulk medicinal chemicals in 1991 amounted to 
133.1 million kilograms, valued at $2,376.4 million. 
Beginning in 1980, methionine and most other amino 
acids and their salts are reported in the section on 
Miscellaneous End-Use Chemicals and Chemical 
Products. Section totals are not, therefore, comparable 
with years prior to 1980. 

Production of the larger groups of medicinal 
chemicals in 1991 was as follows (see table 6-1): 
Antibiotics, 23.2 million kilograms, 6 percent lower 
than in 1990, anti-infective agents other than 
antibiotics, 11.4 million kilograms, 39.6 percent 
higher than in 1990; central nervous system 
depressants and stimulants, 39.0 million kilograms, 3.3 
percent lower than in 1990; gastrointestinal agents and 
therapeutic nutrients, 47.1 million kilograms, 88.6 
percent higher than in 1990; and vitamins, 40.2 million 
kilograms, 6.9 percent higher than in 1990. 

Elizabeth R. Nesbitt 
202-205-3355 



Figure 6-1 

Medicinal Chemicals: U.S. production, 1987-91 



Millions 
of kilograms 




1990 



1991 



1987 1988 1989 

1 Complementary statistics on the dollar value of manufacturers' shipments of finished pharmaceutical 
preparations, except biologicals, are published annually by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the 
Census, in Current Industrial Reports, Series MA-28G. Many pharmaceutical manufacturers that report to the Bureau 
of the Census are excluded from the U.S. International Trade Commission report because they are not primary 
producers of medicinal chemicals; that is, they do not themselves produce the bulk drugs which go into their 
pharmaceutical products, but purchase their drug requirements from domestic or foreign producers. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



6-1 



Section 6 



Table 6-1 

Medicinal chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1991 












Production 1 


Sales 




Average 

Unit 

value 2 


Medicinal chemicals 


Quantity 


Value 



1,000 
kilograms 

Grand total 183,905 

Antibiotics 23,231 

Antihistamines 135 

Anti-infective agents (except antibiotics), total 1 1 ,414 

Anthelmintics 6,961 

All other anti-infective agents (except 

antibiotics) 4 4,453 

Central depressants and stimulants, total 39,019 

Analgesics, antipyretics, and nonhormonal anti- 
inflammatory agents, total 35,409 

All other central depressants and stimulants 5 3,610 

Expectorants and mucolytic agents 933 

Gastrointestinal agents and therapeutic nutrients 6 47,072 

Vitamins 7 40,179 

Miscellaneous medicinal chemicals 8 21 ,922 



1,000 
kilograms 

133,063 



1,000 
dollars 



Per 

kilogram 



2,376,403 $17.86 



6,863 

90 

6.462 



644.876 93.96 

24.297 269.97 
52,065 8.06 



6.462 
29,043 



( 3 ) 

52,065 
501,417 



26,568 
2,475 

824 

63,907 

17,556 

8,318 



212.044 
289.373 



(*) 

8.06 
17.26 



7.98 
116.92 



11.346 13.77 

88,120 1.38 

189.916 10.82 

864.366 103.92 



1 The data on production and sales are for bulk medicinal chemicals only. Methionine and most other amino acids 
and their salts are now reported in the section on Miscellaneous End-Use Chemicals and Chemical Products. Section 
totals are not, therefore, comparable with years prior to 1 980. 

2 Calculated from rounded figures. 

3 Reported data were accepted in confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 

4 Includes production and sales of antiprotozoan agents, sulfonamides, and urinary antiseptics; includes sale of 
anthelmintjes; does not include production of sulfaguanidine used as an intermediate in the production of 
anti-infective sulfonamides. 

5 Includes production and sales of amphetamines; general anesthetics; respiratory and cerebral stimulants; 
skeletal muscle relaxants; tranquilizers; anticonvulsants, hypnotics, and sedatives; aspirin; antidepressant; and 
antitussives. 

6 Methionine and its salts are reported in the section in Miscellaneous End-Use Chemicals and Chemical 
Products under amino acids. 

7 Includes production and sales of vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, and vitamin K. 

8 Includes production and sales of antineoplastic agents, cardiovascular agents, diagnostic agents, hematological 
agents, renal-acting and edema-reducing agents, autonomic drugs, dermatological agents and unclassified medicinal 
chemicals. Also includes production and sales of local anesthetics, smooth muscle relaxants (including theophylline 
derivatives), and hormones and synthetic substitutes. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



6-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table 6-2 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1991 



Medicinal chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 6-3) 



Antibiotics: Yes 

Cephalosporins: No 

Cefaclor No 

Cefamandole No 

Cefazolin, sodium No 

Cefoxitin No 

Cephalexin No 

Cephalothin, sodium No 

Cephradine No 

Penicillins, semisynthetic: No 

Amoxicillin: No 

Amoxicillin (trihydrate) No 

Amoxicillin (anhydrous) No 

Ampicillin: No 

Ampicillin (anhydrous) No 

Ampicillin (trihydrate) No 

Other semisynthetic penicillins: No 

Ampicillin, sodium No 

Cloxacillin, sodium No 

Dicloxacillin, sodium No 

Hetacillin, potassium No 

Methicillin, sodium No 

Nafcillin, sodium No 

Oxacillin, sodium No 

Piperacillin No 

Ticarcillin, disodium No 

All other semisynthetic penicillins No 

Penicillins (except semisynthetic): No 

For medicinal use: No 

Penicillin V No 

Penicillin G, benzathine No 

Penicillin G, potassium No 

Penicillin V, potassium No 

Penicillin G, procaine (medicinal grade) No 

For nonmedicinal uses No 

Penicillin G, procaine (animal feed grade) No 

Tetracyclines \ No 

For medicinal use: No 

Chlortetracyciine (medicinal grade) No 

Minocycline No 

Tetracycline No 

For nonmedicinal uses: No 

Chlortetracyciine (animal feed grade) No 

Oxytetracycline (animal feed grade) No 

Other antibiotics: No 
For medicinal use 

Antifungal antibiotics: No 

Amphotericin B No 

Nystatin (medicinal grade) No 

Antitubercular antibiotics: 

Cycloserine No 

Dihydrostreptomycin No 

Other antibiotics for medicinal use: No 

Apramycin No 

Aztreonam No 

Cefonicid . '. No 

Ceftiofur No 

Cefuroxime No 



LIL. 

LIL 

LIL. 

MRK. 

KAN, LIL. 

LIL. 

BRS, KAN. 



BEE, BOC, KAN. 
BEE, BRS. 

BRS, KAN. 
BOC, KAN. 

WYT. 

BEE. BOC. KAN. 

BEE, BOC. 

BRS. 

WYT. 

BEE. 

BEE. BOC. 

BRS. 

BEE. 

BEE. 



BRS. 
WYT. 
PFZ. 
BRS. 
WYT. 

PFZ. 



ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY. 

ACY. PFZ. 
PFZ. 

No 

BRS. PEN. 
ACY, BRS. 

LIL. 
PFZ. 

PFZ. 

BRS. 

SK. 

UPJ. 

LIL. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



6-3 



Section 6 



Table 6-2— Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1991 



Medicinal chemicals 



Separate 
statistics' 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 6-3) 



Antibiotics-Continued 
Other antibiotics-Continued 
For medicinal use-Continued 

Clindamycin No 

Erythromycin No 

Erythromycin estolate No 

Gentamycin No 

Kanamycin , , No 

Lincomycin (medicinal grade) No 

Moxalactam No 

Neomycin (medicinal grade) No 

Netilmicin No 

Novobiocin, sodium No 

Polymyxin B No 

Sisomycin No 

Spectinomycin (medicinal grade) No 

Thiostrepton No 

Vancomycin No 

All other antibiotics, for medicinal use No 

For nonmedicinal uses: No 

Bacitracin (animal feed grade) No 

Cycloheximide No 

Hygromycin B No 

Lasalocid, sodium No 

Lincomycin (animal feed grade) No 

Monesin No 

Neomycin (animal feed grade) . , No 

Spectinomycin (animal feed grade) No 

Streptomycin No 

Tylosin No 

All other antibiotics, for nonmedicinal uses No 

Antihistamines: Yes 

Antinauseants: No 

Dimenhydrinate , No 

Diphenidol f No 

Diphenidol hydrochloride No 

Meclizine hydrochloride No 

Metodopramide hydrochloride No 

Other antihistamines No 

Brompheniramine maleate . . . , No 

Chlorpheniramine No 

Chlorpheniramine maleate No 

Cyproheptadine hydrochloride No 

Dexbrompheniramine maleate No 

Dimethindene maleate No 

Diphenhydramine citrate No 

Diphenhydramine hydrochloride No 

Diphenyfpyraline hydrochloride No 

Phenyttoloxamine citrate No 

Terfenadine No 

Trimeprazine No 

Tripelennamine No 

Tripelennamine hydrochloride No 

Triprolidine hydrochloride No 

Triprolidine oxalate , No 



ABB, UPJ. 

ABB, UPJ. 

UPJ. 

SCH t 

BRS. 

UPJ. 

LIL. 

UPJ. 

SCH. 

UPJ. 

PFZ. WYK. 

SCH. 

ABB, UPJ. 

BRS. 

ABB. ACY LIL 

ABB. MRK. 

IMC. 

UPJ. 

LIL 

HOF. 

UPJ. 

LIL 

PFZ, UPJ. 

UPJ. 

PFZ. 

LIL 

LLI. 



OAN. 

SK. 

SK. 

PFZ. 

LLI. 

LU 

SK. UPJ. 
SK 
MRK. 

WYK. 
PD.WYK. 

SK- 

OAN. 

GAN. 

SK. 

CQY 

CGY 

AMD, BUR. 

AMD. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



64 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 6-2— Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

Medicinal chemicals statistics 1 (according to list In table 6-3) 

Anti-infective agents (except antibiotics): Yes 

Anthelmintics: Yes 

Diethylcarbamazine citrate No SK. 

Piperazine No TX, UCC. 

Piperazine dihydrochloride No FLM. 

Piperazine hydrochloride No FLM. 

Piperazine sulfate No FLM. 

Thiabendazole No MRK. 

All other anthelmintic agents No MRK. 

Antiprotozoan agents: No 

Arsenic and bismuth compounds No 

Arsanilic acid No FLM. 

Nitarsone No SAL. 

Roxarsone No SAL. 

Roxarsone, sodium No SAL. 

Other antiprotozoan agents No 

Amprolium No MRK. 

Dinitolmide No SAL 

Ethopabate No MRK. 

Hydroxychloroquine sulfate No SO. 

lodochlorhydroxyquin No CGY. 

Metronidazole No SRL. 

Sulfonamides No 

Mafenide acetate No SDW. 

Sulfacetamide, sodium No SCH. 

Sulfadiazine, silver No BOT, LEM. 

Sulfamethizole No ACY. 

Sulfamethoxazole No HOF. 

Sulfapyndine No ACY. 

Sulfasalazine No SAL. 

Sulfisoxazole, acetyl No HOF. 

Urinary antiseptics: No 

Methenamine No ARN. 

Methenamine mandelate No ARN, PD. 

Other anti-infective agents Yes 

Antifungal agents: No 

Benzoic acid No KLM. 

Calcium undecylenate No WTL 

Fluconazole No PFZ. 

Flucytosine No HOF. 

Sodium caprylate No LEM. 

Zinc undecylenate No PAS, WTL 

All other antifungal agents No ARN. 

Antileprotic and antitubercular agents: No 

Aminosalicylic acid No HXL 

Sulfoxone, sodium No ABB. 

Antiviral agents: No 

Acyclovir No Q. 

Azidothymidine No BUR. 

General antiseptics and antibacterial agents No 

Bismuth formic iodide No RSA. 

Ceftazidime No LIL 

Ceftazidime dihydrochloride No SK. 

Cetylpyridinium chloride No HXL 

Cinoxacin No LIL 

Iodoform No MAL 

Magnesium salicylate No ARN. 

Mitotane No f 2 ). 

Ormetoprim No HOF. 

Oxyquinoline benzoate (benoxiquine) No LEM. 

Oxyquinoline citrate No LEM. 

Oxyquinoline sulfate No LEM. 

Pentamidine isethionate No MRX. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



6-5 



Section 6 

Table 6-2— Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1991 



Manufacturers' identification codes 

Medicinal chemicals statistics 1 (according to list in table 6-3) 

Anti-infective agents (except antibiotics)-Continued 
Other anti-infective agents-Continued 
General antiseptics and antibacterial agents-Continued 

Povidone - iodine No GAP 

Resorcinol No ISP. 

Trimethoprim No BUR. 

Autonomic drugs: No 

Sympathomimetic agents No 

Albuterol sulfate No SCH. 

Dobutamine No LIL 

Naphazoline hydrochloride No COY 

Phenylephrine bitartrate No GAN. 

Phenylephrine hydrochloride No GAN, SDW. 

Phenylpropanolamine bitartrate No ARS. 

Phenylpropanolamine hydrochloride No ARS, ORT 

Propylhexedrine No SK. 

Pseudoephedrine hydrochloride No GAN, WYK. 

Pseudoephedrine sulfate No GAN, WYK. 

Terbutaline sulfate No CGY. 

Tetrahydrozoline hydrochloride No PFZ. 

Other autonomic drugs: No 
Parasympatholytic quaternary ammonium compounds 

(except tropane derivatives) : No 

Glycopyrrolate No LLI. 

Parasympatholytic tertiary amines (except tropane 

derivatives): No 

Oxybutynin chloride No ABB. 

Parasympathomimetic agents: No 

Bethanechol chloride No GAN. 

Pyridostigmine bromide No HOF. 

Sympatholytic agents: 

Timolol maleate No MRK. 

Central depressants and stimulants: Yes 
Analgesics, antipyretics, and nonhormonal anti- 
inflammatory agents: Yes 

Acetaminophen No MAL SDW. SK. 

Aspirin No DOW. NOR. 

Butorphanol tartrate No BRS. 

Choline magnesium salicylate No ARN, LEM. 

Diflunisal No MRK. 

Fenoprofen No UL, fi). 

Fentanyl citrate No MRX. 

Flunixin meglumine No P). 

Hydromorphone hydrochloride No PEN. 

Ibuprofen No TNA. 

Indomethacin No MRK. 

Ketoprofen No WYK. 

Meclofenamate. sodium No PD. WYK. 

Meclofenamic acid No PD. 

Mefenamic acid No PD. 

Meperidine hydrochloride No PEN, SDW. 

Mesalamine No SAL 

Methadone hydrochloride No MAL 

Morphine sulfate No MAL 

Oxycodone hydrochloride No MAL PEN. 

Oxycodone terephthalate No PEN. 

Pentazocine No SD. 

Pentazocine hydrochloride No SD. 

Piroxicam No PFZ. 

Potassium salicylate No KLM. 

Propoxyphene hydrochloride No GAN. 



See footnotes at end of table. 
6-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 6-2— Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

Medicinal chemicals statistics 1 (according to list in table 6-3) 

Central depressants and stimulants-Continued 
Analgesics, antipyretics, and nonhormonal anti- 
inflammatory agents-Continued 

Propoxyphene napsylate No ABB, GAN. 

Salsalate No (2). 

Sodium salicylate No KLM. 

Sufentanil citrate No MRX. 

Sulindac No MRK. 

Anticonvulsants, hypnotics, and sedatives: No 

Anticonvulsants (except barbiturates): No 

Ethosuximide No PD. 

Ethotoin No ABB. 

Methsuximide No PD. 

Phensuximide No PD. 

Phenytoin No PD. 

Phenytoin, sodium No PD. 

Valproic acid No ABB. 

Barbiturates: No 

Amobarbital, sodium No GAN. 

Butabarbital No GAN. 

Butalbital No GAN. 

Pentobarbital No GAN. 

Phenobarbital No GAN. 

Phenobarbital, sodium No GAN. 

Poly(oxy-1 ,2-ethanediyl)-a-carboxymethyl, omega- 

(tridecyloxy), potassium salt No GAN. 

Secobarbital, sodium No GAN. 

Thiamylal, sodium No PD. 

Thiopental, sodium No ABB. 

All other barbiturates No f 2 ). 

Hypnotics and sedatives (except barbiturates) : No 

Alprazolam No UPJ. (2). 

Dichloralphenazone No ARN. 

Ethchlorvynol No ABB. 

Glutethimide No GAN. 

Antidepressants: No 

Amitriptyline hydrochloride No GAN, MRK. 

Bupropion No BUR. 

Doxepin hydrochloride No PFZ, SK. 

Imipramine hydrochloride No CGY. 

Maprotiline hydrochloride No ABB. 

Nortriptyline hydrochloride No LIL, WYK. 

Sertraline No PFZ. 

Antitussives No 

Benzonatate No CGY, WYK. 

Caramiphen edisylate No SK. 

Codeine No MAL, PEN. 

Dextromethorphan hydrobromide No AMD, HOF. 

Hydrocodone bitartrate No MAL. PEN. 

Noscapine No MAL, PEN. 

Thebaine No MAL, PEN. 

Tranquilizers: No 

Phenothiazine derivatives: No 

Chlorpromazine No SK. 

Chlorpromazine hydrochloride No SK. 

Fluphenazine hydrochloride No BRS. 

Prochlorperazine No SK. 

Prochlorperazine edisylate No SK. 

Prochlorperazine maleate No SK. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



6-7 



Section 6 

Table 6-2— Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' Identification codes 

Medicinal chemicals statistics 1 (according to list in table 6-3) 

Central depressants and stimulants-Continued 
Tranquilizers-Continued 

Other tranquilizers: No 

Chlorprothixene No HOP 

Halazepam No SCH. 

Hydroxyzine pamoate No LEM. 

Molindone hydrochloride No PD. 

Other central depressants and stimulants: Yes 

Amphetamines No 

Amphetamine No ARN, SK. 

Amphetamine sulfate No AMD. 

Dextroamphetamine No ARN, SK. 

Dextroamphetamine sulfate No ARN, SK. 

Methamphetamine No ARN. 

Methamphetamine hydrochloride No ARN. 

Tranylcypromine No SK. 

All other amphetamines No ARN. 

General anesthetics: No 

Enflurane No OH. 

Isoflurane No OH. 

Ketamine hydrochloride No PD. 

Respiratory and cerebral stimulants: No 
Caffeine (natural and synthetic): 

Caffeine, natural No GNF. 

Caffeine, synthetic No AMB, PFZ. 

Other respiratory and cerebral stimulants: No 

Doxapram hydrochloride No LLI. 

Methylphenidate hydrochloride No CGY. 

Pemoline No ABB. 

Phentermine No GAN, SDW. 

Skeletal muscle relaxants: No 

Chlorphenesin carbamate No UPJ. 

Cyclobenzaprine hydrochloride No MRK. 

Methocarbamol No LLI. 

Orphenadrine citrate No WYK. 

Succinylcholine chloride No ABB, BUR. 

Tubocurarine No ABB. 

Dermatoiogical agents: No 

Ammonium phenolsulfonate No SAL. 

Salicylicacid No DOW.KLM. 

Zinc phenolsulfonate No MAL. 

Expectorants and mucolytic agents: Yes 

Ethyjenediamine dihydriodkje No AJY, DPW. 

Guaifenesin No LLI. 

lodinated glycerol No f 2 ). 

Gastrointestinal agents and therapeutic nutrients: Yes 

Gastrointestinal agents: No 

Choline chloride (all grades): No 

Choline chloride (animal feed grade) No CHO, HFT. NUT, TMH. 

Choline chloride (medicinal grade) No CHO, HFT. 

Other gastrointestinal agents: No 

Betaine hydrochloride No CHO. HFT. 

Calcium polycarbophil No LLI. 

Choleretics and hydrocholeretics No UPJ. 

Choline No HFT, RSA. 

Choline bicarbonate No CHO, HFT. 

Choline bitartrate No CHO, HFT. 

Choline citrate No CHO, HFT. 

Choline dihydrogen citrate No CHO, HFT. 

Colestipol hydrochloride No UPJ. 

Dihydroxyaluminum aminoacetate No CHT. 

Diphenoxylate No MAL. 

Docusate, potassium No ACY. 



See footnotes at end of table. 
6-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 6-2— Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Medicinal chemicals statistics 1 (according to list in table 6-3) 

Central depressants and stimulants-Continued 
Gastrointestinal agents and therapeutic nutrients- 
Continued 
Other gastrointestinal agents-Continued: 

Docusate, sodium No ACY, MAL. 

Famotidine No MRK. 

Gemfibrozil No PD. 

Methscopolamine bromide No UPJ. 

Nizatidine No LIL 

Sitosterols No UPJ. 

Sucralfate No SK. 

All other gastrointestinal agents No MRK. 

Therapeutic nutrients No 

Calcium gluceptate No PFN. 

Zinc gluceptate No PFN. 

Hormones and synthetic substitutes: No 

Anabolic agents and androgens: No 

Fluoxymesterone No UPJ. 

Methyltestosterone No UPJ. 

Stanozolol No SD. 

Testosterone No UPJ. 

Testosterone cypionate No UPJ. 

Testosterone propionate No UPJ. 

Zeranol No IMC. 

Corticosteroids: No 

Aclomethasone No SCH. 

Betamethasone No SCH, 

Betamethasone dipropionate No SCH, ©. 

Betamethasone sodium phosphate No SCH, Q. 

Betamethasone valerate No SCH, f 2 ). 

Cortisone acetate No MRK. UPJ. 

Dexamethasone No MRK, SCH, (2). 

Dexamethasone sodium phosphate No MRK, f 2 ). 

Diflorasone diacetate No UPJ. 

Fludrocortisone acetate No UPJ. 

Fluorometholone No UPJ. 

Halcinonide No BRS. 

Hydrocortisone No UPJ. 

Hydrocortisone acetate No UPJ. 

Isoflupredone, acetate No UPJ. 

Medrysone No UPJ. 

Methylprednisolone No ABB, SCH, UPJ. 

Mometasone No SCH. 

Prednisolone No MRK, UPJ. 

Prednisolone acetate No UPJ. 

Prednisone No UPJ. 

Triamcinolone No BRS, f 2 ). 

Triamcinolone acetonide No BRS, P). 

Triamcinolone diacetate No BRS. P). 

Triamcinolone hexacetonide No BRS. 

Estrogens and progestogens: No 

Estrogens: No 

Estradiol cypionate No UPJ. 

Estrogens, conjugated No ORG. 

Estrogens, estermed No ORG. 

All other estrogens No ORG. 

Progestogens: No 

Alprostadil No (*). 

Dinoprostone No UPJ. 

Hydroxyprogesterone No CWN. 

Hydroxyprogesterone caproate No UPJ. 

Medroxyprogesterone acetate No r). 

Megestrol acetate No UPJ. 

Melengestrol acetate No (2). 

See footnotes at end of table. 

6-9 



Section 6 

Table 6-2— Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1991 



Medicinal chemicals 



Separate 
statistics 1 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 6-3) 



Hormones and synthetic substitutes-Continued 
Progestogens-ContJnued 

Progesterone No 

All other progestins No 

Synthetic hypoglycemic agents: No 

Acetohexamide No 

Glipizide No 

Tolazamide No 

Tolbutamide No 

Thyroid hormone and antithyroid agents: No 

Levothyroxine, sodium No 

Methimazole No 

Thyroglobulin No 

Thyroid No 

Other hormones and synthetic substitutes: No 

Calcitonin No 

Corticotropin No 

Danazol No 

Glucagon No 

Gonadorelin, acetate No 

Humatrope No 

Insulin No 

Local anesthetics: No 

Benzocaine No 

Butacaine hydrochloride No 

Butamben No 

Butamben picrate No 

Cocaine No 

Dibucaine No 

Lidocaine No 

Lidocaine hydrochloride No 

Pramoxine hydrochloride No 

Prilocaine hydrochloride No 

Tetracaine hydrochloride No 

All other local anesthetics No 

Renal-acting and edema-reducing agents: No 

Benzothiadiazine derivatives: No 

Chlorothiazide No 

Cyclothiazide No 

Hydrochlorothiazide No 

Methyclothiazide No 

Trichlormethiazide No 

Other renal-acting and edema-reducing agents: No 

Amiloride hydrochloride No 

Canrenoate, potassium No 

DichlorphenamkJe No 

Ethacrynic acid No 

Metolazone No 

Probenecid No 

Spironolactone No 

Triamterene No 

Smooth muscle relaxants: No 

Atracurium besylate No 

Flavoxate hydrochloride No 

Oxtriphylline No 

Papaverine hydrochloride No 

Theophylline No 

Vitamins: Yes 

Vitamin A: No 

Beta carotene (provitamin A) No 

Vitamin A alcohol No 

Vitamin A palmitate (medicinal grade) No 

All other vitamin A No 



UPJ. 
UPJ. 

LIL 
PFZ. 
UPJ. 
UPJ. 

BOT. 
LIL. 
NEP. 
ARP. 

ARP. 

ARP, ORG. 

SD. 

LIL. 

ABB. 

LIL. 

LIL. 

WYK. 

HOF. 

ABB, WYK. 

HOF. 

MAL 

CGY. 

LEM, WYK. 

LEM, WYK. 

ABB. 

WYK. 

WYK. 

EK,(2). 



MRK. 

CGY, MRK. 

ABB. 

SCH. 

MRK. 

SRL 

MRK. 

MRK. 

EK. 

MRK, SAL. 

SRL. 

SK. 

BUR. 

SK. 

PD. 

CHT. 

AMB. 



HOF. 
HOF. 
EK. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



6-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 6-2— Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Medicinal chemicals statistics 1 (according to list in table 6-3) 

Vitamins-Continued 

Vitamin B-complex: No 

Niacin and derivatives No 

Niacin (medicinal grade) No RIL. 

Niacinamide (medicinal grade) No HOF, NEP, RIL. 

Pantothenic acid derivatives No 

Dexpanthenol No HOF. 

Panthenol No HOF. 

Other B-complex vitamins: No 

Biotin No AMD. 

Cyanocobalamin (medicinal grade) No MRK. 

Pyridoxine No HOF. 

Riboflavin (animal feed grade) No ZGN. 

Thiamine hydrochloride No HOF. 

Thiamine mononitrate No TKD. 

All other vitamin B-complex No HOF. 

Vitamin C: No 

Ascorbic acid No TKD. 

Calcium ascorbate No HOF. 

Sodium ascorbate No r). 

Vitamin D: No 

Cholecalciferol (vitamin D 3 ) No VTM. 

ErgocalciferOI (vitamin Dz) No VTM. 

Vitamin E: No 

Dl-alpha tocopheryl acetate (all grades): No 

dl-a Tocopheryl acetate (animal feed grade) No BAS, £). 

dl-a Tocopheryl acetate (medicinal grade) No BAS, J 2 ). 

Other vitamin e: 

d-a Tocopherol No EKT, SCP. 

d-a Tocopheryl acetate No EKT, SCP. 

d-a Tocopheryl acid succinate No EKT, SCP. 

Miscellaneous medicinal chemicals: Yes 

Antineoplastic agents: No 

Azathioprine No BUR. 

Carboplatin No MRX. 

Carmustine No MRX. 

Cisplatin No MRX. 

Cytarabine No PFN, UPJ. 

Gallium nitrate No MRX. 

Leuprolide acetate No ABB. 

Ormaplatin No MRX. 

Streptozocin No PFN. 

Cardiovascular agents: No 

Antihypertensive agents: No 

Captopril No BRS. 

Guanethidine sulfate No CGY. 

Hydralazine hydrochloride No CGY. 

Lisinopril No MRK. 

Methyldopa No CGY, MRK. 

Minoxidil :... No UPJ. 

Nadolol No BRS. 

Phenoxybenzamine No SK. 

Prazosin No ABB. 

Sodium nitroprusside No ABB. 

Terazosin No ABB. 

Enalapril maleate No MRK. 

Vasodilators: No 

Amlodipine No PFZ. 

Nifedipine No PFZ. 

Lovastatin No MRK. 

Other cardiovascular agents: No 

Acecainide No ARN. 

Disopyramide phosphate No SRL. 

Procainamide hydrochloride : No PD, WYK. 

See footnotes at end of table. 

6-11 



Section 6 

Table 6-2— Continued 

Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1991 



Medicinal chemicals 



Separate 
statistics 1 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 6-3) 



Miscellaneous medicinal chemicals: Yes 

Other cardiovascular agents: No 

Propranolol hydrochloride No 

Simvastatin No 

Sodium tetradecyl sulfate No 

All other cardiovascular agents , No 

Diagnostic agents: No 

Roentgenographic contrast media: No 

Diatrizoate, sodium No 

lohexol No 

lothalamate. meglumine No 

Other diagnostic agents: No 

Albumin No 

Aminohippuric acid No 

Edrophonium chloride No 

Metyrapone No 

Xylose (intestinal malabsorption test) No 

All other diagnostic agents, other than 

roentgenographic contrast media No 

Hematological agents: No 

Anticoagulants: No 

Ammonium heparin No 

Benzalkonium heparin No 

Lithium heparin No 

Potassium warfarin No 

Sodium heparin No 

Other hematological agents: No 

Cellulose, oxidized No 

Dextran No 

Unclassified medicinal chemicals: No 

Allopurinol No 

Aminobenzoic acid, potassium salt No 

Carbidopa No 

Copper glycinate No 

Deferoxamine mesylate No 

Deprenyl hydrochloride No 

Disulfuram No 

Etidronate, disodium No 

Levodopa No 

Melatonin No 

Nicotine polacrilex No 

Selegiline hydrochloride No 

Tacrine No 

Trioxsalen No 

All other medicinal chemicals No 



WYK. 
MRK. 

MRX. 
MRK. 



SDW. 

SD. 

MAL. 

SPR. 
WYK. 
MRX. 
CGY. 
PFN. 

PFZ. 



SPR. 
RIK. 
SPR. 



EKT. 
PHR. 

BUR. 
WYK. 
MRK. 
ARN. 

8w 

ABB. 

NOR. 

SRL. 

REG. 

WYK. 

WYK. 

PD. 

REG. 

ABB. BIB. 



1 Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'yes.' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'no.' 

2 The manufacturer did not consent to be identified with the designated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires ol the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



6-12 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table 6-3 

Medicinal chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1991 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



ABB Abbott Laboratories 

ACY American Cyanamid Co. 

AJY Ajay Chemicals, Inc. 

AMB American Bio-Synthetics Corp. 

AMD Cyclo Products, Inc. 

ARN Arenol Chemical Corp. 

ARP Armour Pharmaceutical Co. 

ARS Arsynco, Inc., Sub. Div. of Aceto Corp. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BEE SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals 

BIB Beckman Instruments, Inc. 

BOC Biocraft Laboratories, Inc. 

BOT Boots Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 

BRS Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. 

BUR Burroughs Wellcome Co. 

CGY Ciba-Geigy Corp. 

CHO Ducon 

CHT Chattem, Inc. 

CWN Upjohn Co., Fine Chemicals 

DOW Dow Chemical Co. 

DPW Deepwater, Inc. 

EK Eastman Kodak Co.: 

EKT Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 

FLM Fleming Laboratories, Inc. 

GAF ISP Chemicals, Inc. 

GAN Ganes Chemicals, Inc. 

GNF Maxwell House Coffee Co. 

HFT Syntex Agribusiness, Inc. 

HOF Hoffmann-LaRoche, Inc. 

HXL Hexcel Corp., Hexcel 

Chemical Products 

IMC IMC Pitman-Moore, Inc. 

ISP Inspec Chemical Corp. 

KAN Kanasco, LTD 

KLM Kalama Chemical, Inc. 

LEM Napp Chemicals, Inc. 

LIL Eli Lilly& Co. 

LLI Lee Laboratories, Inc. 

MAL Mallinckrodt, Inc. 

MRK Merck & Co., Inc. 

MRX Johnson Matthey, 

Materials Technology Div. 



NEP Nepera Inc. 

NOR Norwich Eaton Pharmaceutical, Inc. 

NUT Byproducts, Inc. 

OH Anaquest 

ORG Organics/LaGrange, Inc. 

ORT Roehr Chemicals, Inc., 

Div. of Aceto Corp. 

PAS ELF Atochem North America, Inc. 

PD Parke-Davis Div. of Warner-Lambert Co. 

PEN Penick Corp. 

PFN Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc. 

PFZ Pfizer, Inc. & Pfizer 

Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 

PHR Pharmachem Corp. 

REG Regis Chemical Co. 

RIK Riker Laboratories, Inc., Sub. of 3M Co. 

RIL Reilly Industries, Inc. 

RSA R.S.A Corp. 

SAL Salsbury Chemicals, Inc. 

SCH Schering Corp. 

SCP Henkel Corp. 

SD Sterling Drug, Inc.: 

SDW Sterling Organics Div. 

SK SmithKline Beecham Chemicals 

SPR Scientific Protein Laboratories 

SRL G.D. Searle & Co. 

TKD Takeda Chemical Product USA, Inc. 

TMH Harcros Chemicals, Inc. 

TNA Ethyl Corp. 

TX Texaco Chemical Co. 

UCC Union Carbide Corp., Industrial 

Chemical Div. 

UPJ Upjohn Co. 

VTM Vitamins, Inc. 

WTL ELF Atochem North America, Inc., 

Organic Peroxides Div. 

WYK Wyckoff Chemical Co.. Inc. 

WYT Wyeth Laboratories, Inc., 

Wyeth Laboratories 

Div. of American Home 

Products Corp. 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



6-13 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Section 7 
Flavor and Perfume Materials 

Flavor and perfume materials are organic 
chemicals used to impart flavors and aromas to foods, 
beverages, cosmetics, and soaps. These aroma 
chemicals are also utilized to neutralize or mask 
unpleasant odors in industrial processes and products, 
as well as in consumer products. 

Total domestic production of flavor and perfume 
materials in 1991 amounted to 68.8 million kilograms 
(see figure 7-1). Sales of these materials in 1991 
amounted to 38.7 million kilograms, valued at $925.5 
million, compared with 36.5 million kilograms, valued 
at $991.6 million, in 1990. U.S. production of flavor 
and perfume materials in 1991 increased by 14.9 
percent from the level in 1990 while the value of sales 
decreased by 6.7 percent. 

Production of cyclic flavor and perfume materials 
in 1991 amounted to 42.3 million kilograms; sales 



amounted to 27.9 million kilograms, valued at $826.6 
million. Individual publishable chemicals in the cyclic 
group produced in the greatest volume in 1991 were 
anethole (1.6 million kilograms), and a-terpineol (1.1 
million kilograms). 

U.S. output of acyclic flavor and perfume materials 
in 1991 amounted to 26.6 million kilograms; sales of 
these materials amounted to 10.8 million kilograms, 
valued at $98.9 million. Individual publishable acyclic 
flavor and perfume chemicals produced in the greatest 
volume in 1991 were citronellol (1.5 million 
kilograms), tetrahydrogeraniol (222,000 kilograms) 
and geranyl acetate (106,000 kilograms). 

Table 7-2 lists the products reported in this section 
and indicates the manufacturer(s) of each by code. 
These codes are identified by company name in table 

7-3. 

Eric Land 
202-205-3349 



Figure 7-1 

Flavor and perfume materials: U.S. production, 1986-91 



Millions 
of kilograms 

100 



90- 



80- 




1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



7-1 



Section 7 

Table 7-1 

Flavor and perfume materials: U.S. production and sales, 1991 

Sales Average 

Unit 

Flavor and perfume materials Production Quantity Value value 1 

1,000 1,000 1,000 Per 

kilograms kilograms dollars kilogram 

Grand total 68.843 38,694 925,478 $23.92 

Cyclic 

Total 42.291 27,881 826,627 29.65 

Benzenoid and Naphthalenoid 

Total 30,116 21,736 751,809 34.59 

4-Allyl-2-methoxyphenol (Eugenol) 9 9 89 9.88 

Benzyl benzoate 287 311 913 2.94 

Phenethyl isobutyrate 17 f 2 ) f 2 ) (2) 

p-Propenylanisole (Anethole) 1 ,641 1 ,105 7,673 6.94 

All other benzenoid and naphthalenoid materials 28,162 20,311 743,134 36.59 

Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and Alicyclic 

Total 12,175 6,145 74,818 12.18 

Cedryl acetate 92 49 587 12.04 

y-Methylionone 749 394 8,281 21.01 

a-Terpineol 1.088 714 1,420 1.99 

All other terpenoid, heterocyclic, and alicyclic 

materials 10,246 4,988 64,530 12.94 

Acyclic 

Total 26.552 10,813 98,851 9.14 

Citronellyl acetate 51 38 54 14.18 

Citronellyl formate 11 4 121 27.76 

3,7-Dimethyl-cis-2,6-octadienol, acetate 

(Neryl acetate) 14 11 128 11.63 

3,7-DimethyloctanoM 

(TetrahydrogeranioJ) 222 45 416 9.14 

3,7-Dimethyl-6-octen-1-ol (Cttronellol) 1,542 

Geranyl acetate 106 90 911 10.11 

All other acyclic materials 24,606 10,625 97,221 9.15 

1 Calculated from unrounded figures. 

2 Reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



7-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table 7-2 

Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1991 



Flavor and perfume materials 



Separate 
statistics 1 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 7-3) 



Cyclic: 

Benzenoid and naphthalenoid: 

2'-Acetonaphthone (p-Methyl naphthyl ketone) No 

1-Acetoxy-2-sec-butyl-1-ethenylcyclohexane No 

p-Allylanisole No 

4-Ally!-1 ,2-dimethoxybenzene (4-Allylveratrole) No 

4-Allyl-2-methoxyphenol (Eugenol) Yes 

a-Amyl cinnamic aldehyde No 

Amyl cinnamyl alcohol No 

Anisyl acetate No 

Benzaldehyde glyceryl acetal No 

Benzophenone No 

Benzyl acetate No 

Benzyl benzoate Yes 

Benzyl butyrate No 

Benzyl isobutyrate No 

Benzyl isoperrtyl ether No 

Benzyl isovalerate No 

1-(Benzyloxy)-2-methoxy-4-propenylbenzene 

(Benzyl isoeugeny! ether) No 

Benzyl phenylacetate No 

Benzyl propionate No 

Benzyl salicylate No 

p-tert-Butyl-a-rnethylhydrocinnamalehyde No 

N-(3-(p-tert-butylphenyl)-2-methylpropylidene)- 

arrthrantlic acid, methyl ester No 

Carvacrol No 

Cineole [eucalyptoQ No 

CinnamakJehyde No 

Cinnamyl acetate No 

Cinnamyl butyrate No 

Cinnamyl nitrile No 

Cinnamyl propionate No 

Cuminyl acetate No 

trans-Decahydro-p-naphthol No 

Dihydrocoumarin No 

1 ,2-Dimethoxy-4-propenylbenzene 

(4-Propenylveratrole) No 

p,4,Dimethyl-3-cyclohexene-1 -propanal No 

3,7-Dimethyl-1 , 6-octadien-3-yl formate No 

3, 7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadienyl phenylacetate 

(Geranyl phenylacetate) No 

a,a-Dimethylphenethyl acetate No 

2-Ethoxynaphthalene No 

Ethyl anthranilate No 

Ethyl cinnamate No 

Ethyl-a,p-epoxy-f3-methylhydrocinnamate No 

2-Ethylhexyl-p-methoxy cinnamate No 

2-Ethyl hexyl salicylate No 

Ethyl phenylacetate No 

cis-3-Hexenyl salicylate No 

Hydratropaldehyde.dimethyl acetal No 

Hydrocinnamic acid No 

Hydrocoumarin No 

a-Hexylcinnamaldehyde No 



GIV. 

GIV. 

NCI, SCM. 

CI. 

BDS, CI, ELN, GIV. 

KLM. 

IFF. 

ELN, GIV. 

GIV. 

CWN, PD. 

HAR. 

HAR, KLM, MRF. 

ELN. 

ELN. 

GIV. 

ELN. 

GIV. 

ELN, GIV. 
ELN. 
HAR. 
GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

SCM. 

ELN, KLM. 

ELN. 

ELN. 

IFF. 

ELN. 

IFF. 

IFF. 

ARS. 

CI. 
CI. 
GIV. 

GIV. 

IFF. 

GIV. 

AMB. 

ELN. 

ELN. 

IV. 

HAR. 

ELN. 

BDS. IFF 

IFF. 

ELN. 

ELN, GIV. 

CI. KLM. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



7-3 



Section 7 

Table 7-2— Continued 

Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1991 



Ravor and perfume materials 



Separate 
statistics 1 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 7-3) 



Cyclic— Continued: 

Benzenoid and naphthalenoid: 

Hydroxycitronellal methyl anthranilate No GIV, IFF. 

4-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde [Vanillin] No RAY. 

4(4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-2-butanone 

(Vanillyacetone) No GIV. 

p-Hydroxy phenylbutanone No GIV. 

Isoamyl phenylacetate No ELN. 

Isobutylquinoline No ELN, IFF. 

Isohexenyl tetrahydrobenzaldehyde 

(Myrac aldehyde) No IFF. 

Isopentyl benzoate No GIV. 

I-Limonene No SCM. 

p-Mentha-1 ,8-diene (Limonene) No IFF. 

4,7-Methano-1 H-indene-2-methanol 

octahydro acetate No CI. 

o-Methoxy benzaldehyde No CI. 

p-Methoxybenzyl alcohol (Anisyl alcohol) No ELN. 

3-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-2-methyl propanal No CI. 

1 -p-Methoxyphenyl perrten-1 -one-3 

(a-Methylanisalacetone) No GIV. 

3-(2-Methoxyphenyl)-2-propenal No CI. 

2-Methoxy-4-propenylphenol (Isoeugenol) No CI. 

2-Methoxy-4-propenylphenol,acetate No ELN. 

2-Methoxy-4-propylphenol No CI. 

4'-Methylacetophenone No CWN. 

p-Methylanisole No GIV. 

Methyl anthranilate No PSG. 

a-Methylbenzene propanal No CI. 

Methyl benzoate No HCF, MRF. 

a-Methylbenzyl acetate (Styralyl acetate) No IFF. 

a-Methylcinnamaldehyde No IFF. 

1 ,2-Methyienedioxy-4-propylene benzene 

(isoSafrole) No AMB. 

Methyl N-methylanthranilate No AMB. 

a-methyl-3,4-methylene 

dioxyhydrocinnamaldehyde No GIV. 

Methyl phenylacetate No GIV. 

3-Methyl-5-phenyl-1 -pentanol No IFF. 

Methyl salicylate No KLM. 

Octahydro-5-methoxy-4,7-methano-1H-indene, 

2-carboxaldehyde No CI. 

1 ,1 ,3,3,5-Pentamethyl-4,6-dinitroindan 

(Moskene) No GIV. 

a-Pentylcinnamaldehyde No CI. 

Phenethyl acetate No BDS, IFF. 

Phenethyl alcohol No ATR, IFF. 

Phenethyl formate No ELN, IFF. 

Phenethyl isobutyrate Yes ELN, GIV, IFF. 

Phenethyl isovalerate No ELN. 

2-Phenethyl phenylacetate No BDS, ELN. IFF. 

Phenethyl propionate No ELN. 

2-Phenoxyethyl isobutyrate No IFF. 

PhenylacetaWehyde No GIV, f 2 ). 

PhenylacetakJehyde.dimethylacetal No CI, ELN, GIV. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



7-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table 7-2— Continued 

Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1991 



Flavor and perfume materials 



Separate 
statistics 1 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 7-3) 



Cyclic— Continued : 

Benzenoid and naphthalenoid: 

Phenylethyl 2-methyl butyrate No SCM. 

3-Phenyipropyl acetate No ELN, GIV. 

Piperonal (Heiiotropin) No AMB. 

p-Propenylanisole (Anethole) Yes ARZ, HPC, NCI, SCM. 

p-Propylanisol (Dihydroanethole) No GIV. 

Phenylethyl benzoate No IFF. 

p-Tolyl acetate No ELN. 

p-Tolyl isobutyrate No IFF. 

p-Tolyl octanoate No IFF. 

p-Tolylphenylacetate No GIV. 

a-(Trichloromethyl)benzyl acetate (Rosetone) No ARS. 

Trimethyl benzyl dioxane No IFF. 

Trimethylcyclohexyl salicylate No ARS. 

Sweeteners, synthetic: 

Cyclohexanesulfamic acid (Cyclamic acid) No ABB. 

Cyclohexanesulfamic acid, sodium salt 

(Sodium cyclamate) No ABB. 

Saccharin 

(1 ,2-Benzisothiazolin-3-one,-1 ,1 -dioxide) No PSG. 

Saccharin.sodium salt No PSG. 

Tetramethyl, octahydro acetophenone No IFF. 

Tetramethyl octahydro acetyl naphthalene No IFF. 

All other synthetic sweetner material No NSW. 

All other benzenoid or naphthalenoid chemicals No CI, IFF, PFZ. 

Terpenoid, heterocyclic, and alicyclic: 

Acetyl cedrene (Vertoflex) No BDS. 

Allo-ocimene No SCM, f 2 ). 

Allyl cyclohexyl propionate No GIV. 

Amyl cyclohexyl acetate No IFF. 

Amyris acetate No GIV. 

Beta methyl ionone coevr No IFF. 

2-tert-Butyl cyclohexanol No IFF. 

2-sec-Butylcyclohexanone No GIV. 

o-tert-Butylcyclohexyl acetate No CI, IFF. 

Cadinene No GIV. 

a-Campholenic aldehyde No SCM. 

Canrenoate, potassium No IFF. 

I-Carvone No SCM. 

p-Caryophyllene No BDS, GIV. 

u-Cedrene epoxide (Andrane) No BDS. 

Cedrenol No BDS, ELN. IFF. 

Cedrol No ELN, IFF. 

Cedryl acetate No BDS, ELN, IFF. 

Cedryl formate Yes IFF. 

Cyclohexyl ethyl acetate No IFF. 

p-Cymene No SCM. 

Dihydronordicyclopentadienyl acetate 

(Cyclacet) No CI. 

Dihydronordicyclopentadienyl propionate 

(Cyclaprop) (Verdyl propionate extra) No CI. 

Dihydro terpineol No SCM. 

Dimethyl cyclohexane methanol No IFF. 

2, 6-Dimethylheptan-2-ol No GIV. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



7-5 



Section 7 

Table 7-2— Continued 

Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1991 



Flavor and perfume materials 



Separate 
statistics 1 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 7-3) 



Cyclic— Continued: 

Benzenoid and naphthalenold: 

Dimethyl-3-oxo-2-pentylcyclopentane 

propanedioate No 

Ethyl furoate No 

Galaxolide (1 ,3,4,6,7.8-Hexahydro-4.6,6,7,8,8- 

hexamethyl-cycloperrta-y-2-benzopyran) No 

Guaiacwood acetate No 

2-Heptylcyclopentanone No 

Hexadecanolide No 

3-Hydroxy-2-ethyl-4-pyrone (Ethyl maltol) No 

4-(4-Hydroxy-4-methyl pentyf)-3-cyclohexene-1 0- 

carboxakJehyde (Lyral) No 

3-Hydroxy-2-methyl-4-pyrone (Maltol) No 

4-Hydroxynonanic acid, y-lactone (y-Nonalactone) ... No 

2-(1-Hydroxypentyl)-cyclopentanone No 

4-Hydroxyundecanoic acJd.y-lactone 

(Y-Undecalactone) No 

lonone(a- and p-) No 

a-lonone No 

Isobomyl acetate No 

Isobomyl methyl ether No 

Isobomyl propionate No 

Isolongrfolene epoxide No 

Isomenthone No 

2-lsopropylcyclohexanol No 

6-lsopropyldecalone No 

Isopulegyl acetate No 

p-Mentha-1 ,3-diene (a-Terpinene) No 

p-Mentha-1 ,4-diene (y-Terpinene) No 

p-Menth-8-en-3-ol (Isopulegol) No 

p-Menth-1 -en-3-one (Piperitone) No 

p-Menth-4-(8)-en-3-one (Pulegone) No 

dl-Menthol, synthetic No 

l-Menthol, synthetic No 

Menthyl acetate No 

Methylionone(a- and p-) No 

y-Methylionone No 

6-Methyl-a-ionone No 

Methyl-3-oxo-2-perrtane acetate No 

Nopyl acetate No 

3-Oxo-2 -pentylcyclopropane acetic acid No 

2-Pentyl-cyclopenten-1 -one No 

a-Pinene oxide No 

Plinol No 

Rose oxide No 

Terpinene-ol No 

a-Terpineol Yes 

a-Terpinyl acetate No 

a-Terpinyl propionate No 

3,3,5-Trimethyl cyclohexanol (m-Homomenthol) No 

Trimethyl cyclohexenyl butenone No 

1 -(2,6.6-Trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1 -yl)-1 , 

6-heptadien-3-one (Allyl-a-ionone) No 

Trimethyl norbornane methanol No 



IFF, SCM. 

IFF. 

ELN. 

IFF. 

IFF. 

PFZ. 

IFF. 
PFZ. 
ELN. 
?)■ 

ELN. 

ELN, GIV, NCI, SCM. 

GIV, IFF, SCM. 

SCM. 

SCM. 

ELN. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

SCM. 

SCM. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV 

HAR, NCI, SCM. 

HAR. 

SCM. 

BDS, GIV, IFF, NCI. 

GIV, IFF, NCI. 

BDS, GIV. 

CI. 

NCI. 

ft. 

ft. 

SCM. 

SCM. 

GIV. 

SCM. 

HPC, NCI. SCM. 

NCI, SCM. 

ELN. 

ARS. 

IFF. 

IFF. 
IFF. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



7-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table 7-2— Continued 

Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1991 



Flavor and perfume materials 



Separate 
statistics 1 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 7-3) 



Cyclic— Continued : 

Benzenoid and naphthalenoid: 

5-(2,2,3-Trimethyl(yclopent-3-en-1-yl)-3- 

methylpentan-2-ol No 

Vetivenol No 

Vetivenyl acetate No 

All other terpenoid.hetercyclic. or alicyclic 

flavor and perfume chemicals No 

Acyclic: 

Allyl disulfide No 

Allyl heptanoate No 

Allyl hexanoate No 

Ammonium isovalerate No 

Butanoic acid, 1 -cyclohexylethyl ester No 

Butyl butyrl lactate No 

Citral dimethyl acetal No 

Citronellyl acetate Yes 

Citronellyl formate Yes 

Citronellyl isobutyrate No 

Citronellyl nitrile No 

Citronellyl propionate No 

Decanal (Capraldehyde) No 

Decyl acetate No 

Diethyl sebacate No 

Diethyl succinate No 

Dihydrocarvone No 

Dihydrolinalool No 

Dihydro myrcenol No 

Dihydro pentamethyl indanone No 

Dihydroterpinyl acetate No 

1,1-Dimethoxy octane No 

Dimethyl hexanediol No 

2,5-Dimethyl-3-hexyne-2,5-diol No 

3,7-Dimethyl-cis-2 l 6-octadienal (Citral B) (Neral No 

3,7-Dimethyi-trans-2,6-octadienal 

(Citral A, geranial) No 

3,7-Dimethyi-2,6-octadienal (Citral a & b) No 

3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadienenitriie No 

3,7-Dimethyl-cis-2.6-octadien-1-ol (Nerol No 

3,7-Dimethyl-trans-2,6-octadien-1-ol (Geraniol) No 

3, 7-Di methyl- 1 ,6-octadien-3-ol (Linalool) 

(Linalyl alcohol) No 

3,7-Dimethyl-cis-2,6-octadienol, acetate 

(Neryl acetate) Yes 

3,7-Dimethyl-1,6-octadien-3-ol,acetate 

(Linalyl acetate) No 

3,7-Dimethyl-1 ,6-octadien-3-yl isobutyrate 

(Linalyl isobutyrate) No 

3,7-DimethyM ,6-octadien-3-yl propionate 

(Linalyl propionate) No 

3,7-Dimethyloctanol-1 (Tetrahydrogeraniol) Yes 

3,7-Dimethyl-3-octanol No 

Dimethyloctanyl acetate No 

3,7-Dimethyl-6-octen-1 -al (Citronellal) No 



GIV. 
GIV. 
BDS, ELN, GIV, IFF. 

CI, GIV, IFF, SCM. 



IFF. 
ELN. 
ELN. 
RSA. 

ft. 

ELN. 

IFF. 

BDS, ELN, GIV, IFF, SCM. 

BDS, ELN. GIV, IFF. 

ELN, GIV, IFF. 

SCM. 

IFF. 

CI. 

GIV. 

ELN. 

MRF 

SCM. 

SCM. 

SCM. 

IFF. 

IFF, NCI. 

IFF. 

ft. 

ft. 

NCI. 

BDS. NCI. 

SCM. 

CI. 

GIV, NCI, SCM. 

ELN, GIV, NCI. SCM. 

ELN, IFF, SCM. 

ELN, GIV, IFF, SCM. 

GIV, SCM. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV, IFF, SCM. ft. 

NCI, SCM. 

GIV. 

GIV, SCM. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



7-7 



Section 7 

Table 7-2— Continued 

Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1991 



Flavor and perfume materials 



statistics 1 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 7-3) 



Acyclic— Continued: 

3,7-Dimethyl-6-octen-1 -ol (Citronellol) No 

3,7-Dimethyl-7-octenol 70%, 6-octenol 

isomer 30% No 

Ethyl butyrate No 

Ethyl heptanoate No 

Ethyl hexanoate No 

Ethyl isovalerate No 

Ethyl laurate No 

Ethyl-2-methyl butyrate No 

Ethyl myristate No 

Ethyl propionate No 

Ethyl trimethyl cyclopentenyl buterol No 

Ethyl valerate No 

Geranyl acetate No 

Geranyl butyrate Yes 

Geranyl formate No 

Geranyl isobutyrate No 

Geranyl nitrile (Citralva) No 

Geranyl propionate No 

N-Hexanal No 

2-Hexenal No 

cis-3-Hexen-1-yl acetate No 

cis-3-Hexenyl butyrate No 

cis-3-Hexenyl methyl carbonate No 

cis-3-Hexenyl tiglate No 

Hexyl 2-methylbutyrate No 

Hydroxycitronellol No 

7-Hydroxy-3.7-dimethyl-1 -octanal 

(Hydroxycitronellal) No 

7-Hydroxy-3,7-dimethyl octanal. dimethyl acetal 

(Hydroxycitronellal, dimethyl acetal No 

Isobutyl acetate No 

Isopentyl acetate (Isoamyl acetate) No 

Isopentyl butyrate No 

Isopentyl formate No 

Isopentyl isovalerate No 

3-Methyl-2-butenyl acetate No 

2-Methylbutyl isovalerate No 

Methyl butynol No 

2-Methylene undecanal No 

Methyl hexyl ether No 

Methyl isobutyrate No 

Methyl-2-methyl butyrate No 

3-Methyl-2-[and 3]nonene nitrile No 

Methyl-2-nonenoate No 

Methyl pentynol No 

2-Methylundecanal No 

Myrcenyl acetate No 

Myristaldehyde No 

Nonanal No 

1 ,3-Nonanediol acetate No 

Ocimene No 

Ocimenyl acetate No 

Octanal No 

N-Octyl acetate No 



ELN, GIV, IFF, NCI, SCM. 

GIV. 

ELN, HPC, NW. 

ELN. 

ELN. NW. 

ELN. 

ELN. 

SCM. 

ELN. 

NW. 

IFF. 

ELN. 

BDS, CI, ELN, GIV, IFF, NCI, NW. SCM. 

ELN. 

BDS, ELN. GIV. 

IFF. 

IFF, SCM. 

ELN. 

CI. 

GIV. 

BDS. 

SCM. 

IFF. 

BDS. 

SCM. 

SCM. 

GIV, IFF, SCM. 

GIV. 

NW. 

ELN, NW. 

ELN, GIV. NW. 

ELN. 

ELN. 

IFF. 

SCM. 

ft 

SCM. 

HPC. 

SCM. 

GIV. 

HPC. 

?)■ 

CI. GIV. 

IFF. 

GIV. 

CI. 

ELN, GIV. 

IFF. 

IFF. 

CI. 

SCM. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



7-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 7-2— Continued 

Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' Identification codes 
Flavor and perfume materials statistics 1 (according to list In table 7-3) 

Acyclic— Continued: 

Octyl isovalerate No GIV. 

Pseudo linalyl acetate (Neobergamate) No IFF. 

Rhodinol No GIV, IFF. 

Tepyl acetate No ELN. 

Tetrahydrolinalyl acetate No SCM. 

Tetrahydromyrcenol No SCM. 

2,4,6,8-Tetramethylnonan-1-yl acetate No CI. 

Trimethyl-cyclododeca-trienyl ethanone No IFF. 

3,5,5-Trimethyl hexanal No IFF. 

Undecanal No CI, GIV. 

All other acyclic flavor and perfume materials No IFF, SCM. 

1 Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'yes.' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'no.' 

2 The manufacturer did not consent to be identified with the designated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



7-9 



Section 7 

Table 7-3 

Flavor and perfume materials: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1991 



Code 



Name of company 



Code Name of company 

IFF International Flavors & Fragrances, Inc. 

KLM Kalama Chemical, Inc. 

MRF Morflex Inc. 

NCI Union Camp Corp., BBA Div. 

NSW Nutrasweet Co. 

NW Northwestern Flavors, Inc. 

PD Parke-Davis, Div. of Warner-Lambert 

Co. 

PFZ Pfizer, Inc. 

PSG PMC Inc., Specialities Group, Inc. 

RAY ITT Rayonier Liguin Products, Inc. 

RSA R.S.A. Corp. 

SCM SCM Corp., Glidco Organics 



ABB Abbott Laboratories 

AMB American Bio-Synthetics Corp. 

ARS Arsynco, Inc., Sub. Div., of Aceto Corp. 

ARZ Arizona Chemical Co. 

ATR Atlantic Richfield Co., ARCO Chemical 

Co. 

BDS Fragrance Resources, Inc. 

CI Firmenich, Inc. 

CWN Upjohn Co., Fine Chemicals 

ELN Elan Chemical Co. 

GIV Givaudan Corp. 

HAR Haarmann & Reimer Corp. 

HCF Cape Industries 

HPC Hercules, Inc. 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



7-10 



Section 8 
Plastics and Resin Materials 

Plastics and resin materials are high molecular 
weight polymers which, at some stage in their 
manufacture, exist in such physical condition that they 
can be shaped or otherwise processed by the 
application of heat and pressure. The terms "plastics," 
"resin," and "polymers," can be (and often are) used 
interchangeably by the trade. Depending on the 
chemical composition, manufacturing process, or 
intended use. the commercial products may contain 
plasticizers, fillers, extenders, stabilizers, coloring 
agents, or other additives. There are about 40 to 50 
basic plastics and resins which are available 
commercially. These basic materials are available in 
literally thousands of individual compounds each with 
its distinct properties depending on the molecular 
weight of the resin, chemical structure, and' the types 
and amounts of the additives present Plastics 
materials may be molded, cast, or extruded into 
semifinished or finished solid forms. Resin materials 
may be in the form of solutions, pastes, or emulsions 
for applications such as protective coatings, adhesives, 
or paper and textile treatment 

Statistics on U.S. production and sales of synthetic 
plastics and resin materials for 1991 are given in table 
8-1. U.S. production of plastics and resin materials in 
1991 totaled 28,253 million kilograms, or 6 percent 
less than the 30.053 million kilograms produced in 
1990. From 1987-91, the production of plastics and 
resin materials increased irregularly from 26,980 
million kilograms in 1987 to 28,253 million kilograms 
in 1991, or at an average, annual rate of growth of 1 
percent (see figure 8-1). Sales in 1991 totaled 24.787 
million kilograms, valued at $28,141 million. 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

compared with 25,729 million kilograms, valued at 
$30,529 million, in 1990. 

Thermosetting materials are those which harden in 
composition in the final treatment so that in their final 
state they are substantially infusible and insoluble; that 
is, they cannot again be softened by heat or solvents. 
U.S. production of thermosetting materials totaled 
4,542 million kilograms in 1991 compared with 4,309 
million kilograms in 1990. Production of the most 
important products in 1991 included phenolic (1201 
million kilograms); amino (urea and melamine) resins 
(1,262 million kilograms); polyester resins, unsaturated 
(513 million kilograms); and alkyd resins (356 million 
kilograms). 

Thermoplastic materials are those which in their 
final state can be repeatedly softened by heat and 
hardened by a decrease in temperature. U.S. 
production of thermoplastic materials totaled 23,711 
million kilograms in 1991 (or 84 percent of the total 
plastics and resin materials output for 1991), compared 
with 25,743 million kilograms in 1990. Production of 
the most important products in 1991 included 
polyethylene (9,429 million kilograms), polypropylene 
(2,664 rnillion kilograms), vinyl resins (4,231 million 
kilograms), and styrene type materials (3,310 million 
kilograms). In 1991, production of saturated polyester 
resins reached 1,689 million kilograms (polyethylene 
terephthalate alone reached 1,442 million kilograms). 
Production of engineering plastics, in the aggregate, 
amounted to 488 million kilograms in 1991. 

Table 8-2 lists the products reported in this section 
and indicates the manufacturer(s) of each by code. 
These codes are identified by company name in table 
8-3. 

Denby L. Miswelli 
202-205-3362 



Figure 8-1 

Plastics and resin materials: U.S. production, 1987-91 




1987 



1988 



1989 



1990 



1991 



Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



8-1 



Section 8 



Table 8-1 

Plastics and resin materials: U.S. Production and sales, 1991 



Sales 



Plastics and resin materials 



Production Quantity 



Value 



Average 

Unit 

value 1 



1,000 
kilograms 
dry basis 2 

Grand total , . 28.252,551 

Thermosetting resins 

Total 4,541,889 

Alkyd resins, total , . 355,636 

Alkyd-acrylate copolymer resins , 5,605 

Phthalic anhydride type , 313,918 

Polybasic aad type 7,098 

Styrenated-alkyds or copolymer alkyds 6,448 

Vinyl toluene alkyds 12,374 

All other alkyd resins 10,193 

Dicyandiamide resins (an amino resin) 1 ,281 

Epoxy resins, total 3 4 

Unmodified 254,467 

Advanced (121,031) 

Melamine-formaldehyde resins (an amino resin) 115,523 

Phenolic and other tar acid resins 1,200,624 

Polyester resins, unsaturated 5 512,608 

Polyether and polyester polyols for urethanes 6 789,059 

Polyurethane elastomers and plastics products, 

total 95,127 

Elastomers 7 

Plastics 

Urea-formaldehyde resins (an amino resin) 8 

All other thermosetting resins 9 

Thermoplastic resins 

Total 

Acrylic resins, total 10 

Homopolymer resins, except PMMA, of acrylic 

or methacrylic acid esters 

Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) resins 

Thermosetting acrylic resins 

All other acrylic resins 

Engineering plastics, total 11 

Polyimides and amide-imide polymers 8.778 

All other engineering plastics 479,717 

Fluorocarbon resins 23.180 

Petroleum hydrocarbon resins 174,224 

Polyamide resins, total 316,144 

Nylon type 10 13 272,414 

Non-nylon type 43,730 

Polyester resins, saturated, total 10 14 1 ,688,506 

Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) 1 ,441 .972 

All other saturated polyesters, including poly- 
butylene terephthalate, (PBT) resins 246,534 

See footnotes at end of table. 



3.142,434 



279,546 



2.699 
250.962 
4,114 
1.737 
11,747 
8,287 

1,267 

180,443 
(69,507) 

95,238 
552,008 
453,562 
690,152 



80,577 



6,327 

274,303 

6.997 

4.828 

20,529 

21,937 



528,610 
(203.326) 

223.990 
593,052 
643,865 
848,265 



5,466 
345.283 



S% 



163." 
323.765 



124,318 
1,170,696 

183,464 
974.026 



Per 
kilogram 



1,000 1,000 

kilograms dollars 

dry basis 2 



24.786,936 28,140,829 $1.14 



3,928,123 1.25 



334,921 1.20 



2.34 
1.09 
1.70 
2.78 
1.75 
2.65 



2,564 2.02 



2.93 
(2.97) 

2.35 
1.07 
1.42 
1.23 



323,700 4.02 



66.667 
28.460 


53,079 
27.498 


240.464 
83,236 


4.53 
3.03 


1.146.510 
71.054 


756.183 
53.458 


268,180 
160,976 


.35 
3.01 


23,710,662 


21.644,502 


24,212.706 


1.12 


743,366 


622,002 


1.553,033 


2.50 


23,251 
280.833 

40,821 
398.461 


19.268 
177.086 

27.420 
398.228 


55,795 
413.862 

84,143 
999.233 


2.90 
2.34 
3.07 
2.51 


488,495 


350.749 


1.295,014 


3.69 



280,646 
43,119 

1.161,988 



902,080 
71,946 

2,048.364 



971.425 
190.563 



1,496.722 
551,642 



22.74 
3.39 



3.01 

3.21 
1.67 

1.76 

1.54 

2.90 



8-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table 8-1— Continued 

Plastics and resin materials: U.S. Production and sales, 1991 






Sales 




Average 
Unit 


Plastics and resin materials Production Quantity 


Value 


value 1 



1,000 1,000 1,000 Per 

kilograms kilograms dollars kilogram 
dry basis 2 dry basis 2 

Thermoplastic resins— Continued 

Polyethylene resins, total 9,429.407 9,387,443 7,284,639 $.78 

Ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA) resins 242,056 226,710 239,170 1.05 

Specific gravity 0.940 and below, total 5,236,044 5. 1 93,087 3,964,623 .76 

Low density polyethylene (LDPE) resins 3,006,174 2,923,696 2,322,145 .79 

Linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) 

resins 2,229,870 2,269,391 1,642,478 .72 

Specific gravity over 0.940 3,850,976 3,881 ,484 2,949,937 .76 

All other ethylene copolymers 100,331 86,162 130,909 1.52 

Polypropylene resins 2.664.063 2,403,391 1,792,668 .75 

Rosin modifications, total ( 12 ) 163,142 218,999 1.34 

Modified rosin (unesterified) ( 12 ) 49,570 62,427 1 .26 

Modified rosin esters 75,051 80,497 111,939 1.39 

Rosin esters, unmodified (Ester gums) 33.856 33,075 44,633 1.35 

Styrene plastics materials, total 3,310.464 2,978.314 3,795.324 1.27 

Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene terpolymer (ABS) 

resins 487.596 439,396 858,733 1.95 

Polystyrene homopolymers, total 2,189,752 1,898,378 1 ,883,640 .99 

Expandable polystyrene beads 313,902 229,074 251.565 1.10 

Rubber modified polystyrene 807,956 770,442 790.028 1 .03 

Straight polystyrene 1,067,894 898.862 842.047 .94 

Styrene latexes, total 303,227 335,008 428,599 1.28 

Styrene-butadiene latexes 281,681 314,667 396,154 1.26 

All other styrene latexes 21,546 20.341 32.445 1.60 

Methyl methacrylate-butadiene styrene (MBS) 51,336 44,907 102,678 2.29 

All other styrene plastics materials 15 278.553 260.625 521.674 2.00 

Vinyl resins, total 16 4.230.895 3,827.554 3,433,149 .90 

Polyvinyl acetate 17 243.905 191.918 314,197 1.64 

Polyvinyl chloride homopolymers 3,455,220 3,273,328 2.361 ,277 .72 

Polyvinyl chloride copolymers 90.487 83,798 158.757 1.89 

Vinyl acetate-acrylate copolymers 261,338 138,124 264,000 1.91 

Polyvinylidene chloride, latex and solid types 37,423 24,839 60,409 2.43 

All other vinyl resins 18 142,522 115,547 274,509 2.38 

All other thermoplastic resins 19 533,011 262,438 1 .634.026 6.23 

1 Calculated from unrounded figures. 

2 Dry weight basis unless otherwise specified. Dry weight basis is the total weight of the materials including resin 
and coloring agents, extenders, fillers, plasticizers, and other additives, but excluding water and other liquid diluents 
unless they are an integral part of the materials. 

3 Includes reactive diluents which are an integral part of the resin. Excludes the weight of hardeners sold in 
association with the resin as part of a two-component system. 

4 Data shown for advanced epoxy resins are that part of the unmodified epoxy resins which is further processed; 
therefore, the total in parentheses are not included in the grand total. 

5 Polyester resins are unsaturated alkyd resins, later to be copolymerized with a monomer (Such as styrene or 
methyl methacrylate), and polyallyl resins (such as diallyl phthalate and diglycol carbonate). Data are on an "as sold" 
basis, including monomer if part of the resin system. 

6 In addition to the polyols, the other principal starting materials used in the production of urethane products are 
the isocyanic acid derivatives, mainly the 80/20 mixture of toluene-2,4- and 2,6-diisocyanate. 

Statistics for the isocyanic acid derivatives are reported in the "Cyclic Intermediates" section of the Synthetic 
Organic Chemicals report. 



8-3 



Section 8 

Footnotes for table 8-1 —Continued 

7 The data on urethane elastomers are believed to be not fully representative of the total urethane market in view 
of the very large number of urethane elastomer producers. The commission has begun reporting statistics for 
urethane elastomers in two sections, section VIII, Plastics and resin materials, and section X, Elastomers (synthetic 
rubber). Henceforth those polyurethane products classified as "thermoplastic" urethane elastomers will be reported in 
SOC section X; all other urethane elastomers will remain in SOC section VIII. 

8 Includes thiourea resins. 

9 Includes acetone-formaldehyde resins, glyoxal-formaldehyde resins, furfuryl resins, polybutadiene resins, 
silicone resins, and certain other thermosetting resins. 

10 Does not include production or sales for fiber use. 

11 Engineering plastics: Includes acetal, polycarbonate, polyetheretherketone (PEEK) resins, polyphenylene 
oxide, polyphenylene sulfide, and polysulfone. Engineering plastics are defined in Whittington's Dictionary of Plastics,. 
as "All plastics, with or without fillers or reinforcements, which have mechanical, chemical and thermal properties 
suitable for use in construction, machine components and chemical processing equipment." The above list of plastics 
(all of which are thermoplastic) was selected from a larger group in this source. Certain other plastics named in 
Whittington's Dictionary as engineering plastics, such as ABS resins, acrylic resins, and nylon resins, are not included 
in the above list as they are published separately. 

12 Reported data did not meet the disclosure criteria. 

13 Statistics for nylon 6 and nylon 6/6 which are used in plastics applications (e.g., molding, etc.) are included 
here. 

14 Statistics are included here for polyethylene terephthalate used in plastics applications (e.g., molding, etc.) 
Statistics also are included here for production only when the starting materials are converted directly to a finished 
product(i.e., In situ" production); polyester film and tape are examples of such a conversion. 

15 Includes data for a-methyl styrene polymers, styrene acrylonitrile (SAN) copolymer resins, styrene-allyl alcohol 
copolymer resins, styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer resins, styrene-maleic anhydride copolymer resins, 
styrene-methyl methacrylate copolymer resins, and other styrene resins. 

16 Data are reported on the basis of dry resin content, excluding the weight of plastidzers, extenders, fillers 
coloring agents, stabilizers, or impact modifiers, unless otherwise noted. 

17 Data for polyvinyl acetate produced and sold in latex form includes the weight of any protective colloids which 
are used as emulsion stabilizers and form an integral part of the resin system. Production and sales do not include 
polyvinyl acetate used as a reactive intermediate for polyvinyl alcohol or other vinyl resins. 

18 Includes polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl butyral, polyvinyl formal, polyvinylidene chloride, and other vinyl resins. 

19 Includes cellulose plastics, coumarone-indene resins, phenoxy resins, polybutylene type resins, polypheny! 
aromatic ester resins, polyterpene phenol, chlorinated polyolefins, acrylonitrile modified rosin (unesterfied) 
(production only); fluorocarbon resins (sales only) and certain other thermoplastic materials. 

Note.— Data reported to the U.S. International Trade Commission do not necessarily coincide with that reported to the 
Society of the Plastics Industry (SPI) because of differences in both the reporting instructions and in the coverage of 
certain resins. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S International Trade Commission. 



8-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 8-2 

Plastics and resin materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 

1991 



Plastics and resin materials 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 8-3) 



Thermosetting resins: 

Acetone-formaldehyde resins No 

Alkyd resins: Yes 

Acrylate-alkyd copolymer resins Yes 

Phthalic anhydride type alkyd resins Yes 



Polybasic acid type alkyd resins Yes 

Styrenated-aikyds, or copolymer alkyds Yes 

Vinyl toluene alkyds Yes 

All other alkyd copolymers Yes 

Amino resins: 

Melamine-formaldehyde resins Yes 

Urea-formaldehyde resins Yes 

Dicyandiamide resins Yes 

Epoxy resins: Yes 

Epoxy resins, advanced Yes 

Epoxy resins, unmodified Yes 

Furfuryl type resins No 

Glyoxal-formaldehyde resins No 

Phenolic and other tar acid resins Yes 



Polybutadiene resins No 

Polyester resins, unsaturated, and allyl resins: Yes 

Allyl resins No 

Diallyl isophthalate No 

Polyester resins, unsaturated No 

Polyether and polyester pdyols for urethanes Yes 

Polyurethane elastomer and plastic products: Yes 

Polyurethane elastomers Yes 

Polyurethane resins Yes 



BAS, FLH. GP. 

CKC. CPV, DRR, MNP, PPG. REL, (2). 

ACO, AKZ, BAS, BLC, CGL, CJO, CKC, 
BRU, JOB, CPV, DRC, DUP, ECC, EW, 
FOC, GLD, GRG, GRV, IMI, LIC, MMM, 
MNP, NCP, PPG, PRT, QCP, RCI, REL, 
REZ, SRY, TCC, UNO, USP, A fi). 

CJO. CKC, EW. FOC, GLD, IMI, IOV, MID, 
PPG, REL, SCN, (2). 

CJO, CKC, CPV, EW, IMI, MNP, MRT, 
REL, SCN, ( 2 ). 

BLC, CGL, CKC, CPV, GLD, GRV, IMI, 
JOB, MNP, REL, (2). 

BLC, CGL, CJO, DUP. MNP. 

ACY, AUX, BOR, CBD, CGL, CKC, DGO, 
DRC. GP. GRG. HCL, MID, MNP, MON, 
PLS, PMC, PPL, PST, RCI, REL, REZ, 
RSN, SQA, TCC, WRD. 

ACY, AUX, BOR, CBD, CGL, CKC, CPV, 
GP, MMM, MNP, PMC, PPL, PST, REL, 
REZ, SAC, SPU, SQA, SYT, SOR, 
WCL. 

ECC, HCL. S. SYT. TCC. 

AIP. AKZ. CNI, BAS. CGL. CGY, CJO, 
CKC, CPV, DOW, EW, GE, GLD, GRG. 
GRV. HXL, MID, MIL, MMM, MRT, OCF, 
PPG, RCI, REZ, SMO, ( 2 ). 

ASH, BAS, CGY, CKC, CLU, CMS, 
CPV. DAN. DOW, HYA, MNP, PRT, RCI, 
REZ. SHC. UCC. (2). 

CLU. DRR, HVG, UNO. 

AUX, HCL, SQA, TCC, WPG. 

ADC, ASH, BAS, BME. BOR, BSC, BTL, 
CBD, CKC, DRR, EW, GP, GRV, HCL, 
HER, HKP, HPC, HVG, IRI. ISP, Lll, 
MCA, MID, MMM, OCF. PLS. PSG. PSL, 
RH. SCN. SPL. UCC. UNO. USR. VSV. 
WPG. WTH, (2), (2), (2 ), (2). 

CCS. CNI, PAS. LC. 

ATR. CMS. IMI. 

CMS. 

ADC, APH, ART, ASH, BAS. CGL. CKC. 
CMS. EW. GLD, GRG, IMI, IPC, JOB, 
Lll, MID, MMM, MRT. NCP, OCF, PPG, 
PPL, RCI, SCN, SIC. 

ATR, BAS, BMC, BPT, CHC, CXI, DOW, 
GRG, HCF, ICI, MRT, OMC. PPG, PPL, 
RCI, RUO, SLC, SYT, UCC, WM, (2). 

ACY, ADC, ARO, BAS, BPT. CAS. CGY, 
CNI, DNS, HXL, HYC, INP, MRT, PPG, 
PRC, QUN, RSN, RUO, SCN, SLC, 
SMO, SYT, USM, USR. 

CGL, DUP, EW. GLD, GRD, HVG, HYC, 
INP, JOB, LC, OMC, PEL, SHX, SIF. (2). 



See footnotes at end of table. 



8-5 



Section 8 

Table 8-2— Continued 

Plastics and resin materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 

1991 



Plastics and resin materials 



Separate 
statistics 1 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 8-3) 



Thermosetting resins— Continued: 

Silicone resins 

All other thermosetting resins, benzenoid 



No 
Yes 



Thermoplastic resins: 

Acrylic resins: Yes 

Copolymer resins of acrylic and/or methacrylic 

acid resins: 
Butyl acrylate ethyl acrylate copolymer 

resins No 

Butyl methacrylate-ethyl methytacrylate 

copolymer resins No 

2-Ethylhexyl acrylate-methy acrylate 

copolymer resins No 

Other copolymer resins of acrylic and/or 

methacrylic acid esters Yes 



Thermosetting acrylic resins Yes 



Homopolymer resins of acrylic and/or methacrylic 
acid resins: 

Other homopolymer resins of acrylic and/or 

methacrylic acid esters Yes 

Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) Yes 

Cellulose plastics and resins: 

Cellulose acetate No 

Cellulose acetate butyrate No 

Cellulose acetate propionate No 

Ethyl cellulose No 

Chlorinated polyolefins, thermoplastic No 

Coumarone-indene resins No 

Acrylonitrile resin No 

Engineering plastics: Yes 

Acetal resins Yes 

Polycarbonate resins No 

Polyimides and amide-imide polymers Yes 

Polyphenylene oxide type resins No 

Polyphenylene sulfide resins No 

Fluorocarbon resins: Yes 

Ethylene/chlorotrif luoro ethylene copolymer No 

Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) No 

Polyvinyl fluoride No 

Polyvinylidene fluoride No 

All other fluorocarbon resins No 

Nylon 6,6-acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene No 

Petroleum hydrocarbon resins Yes 

Phenol polymers No 

Phenoxy (R) resin (other than for coating and 

adhesives) No 



CJO, DCC, MID, PEL. SPD. 

ACY, AKZ, BAS. GLD, GRV, PRC, GRV, 

PRC, MID, REL, RTC. RUO, S, TCC, 

WPG. (2), (2), (2). (2). 



AIP, BFG, ICI, MIL, RH, TCC, UOC. 

UOC. 

UOC, AIP. 

ACO, AIP, BAS, CHP, CKC. CPV. DRB, 
DRC, ESS. FLH, GGI, GLD, ICI, JNS, 
KMP. MON, NES, NSC, PPG, PRA, PYI, 
RAS. RCI. RH. SCN, SYT, TCC. UCC. 

&.A 

AIP. AKZ. BAS, CGY CKC. CPV. DRC. 
DUP. GRV, MID, MNP, PPG, PRA, REL, 
REZ, SCP, SM. 



AIP, CKC. CPV, DUP, RH, SAR, SCP, 

UOC, f 2 ). 
ART, DUP. ICI, JOB. MRT. PKL, PYI. RH. 

CYR. SAR, SQA, TCC. 

EKT, MIL 

EKT. 

EKT. 

AQU. (2). 

EKT. 

CKC. 

?)■ 



DUP, HCL. PRT. UTF, WPG. 

DOW, GE, SQA. 

DUP, EW, GE. GRG. PDI, SCN. 

GE. 

HCL, PLC. 



AUS. 

AUS, DUP. ICI. 

DUP. 

AUS. PAS. 

DUP. 

MON. 

ARZ. BAS, CFX. CXI, EKX, ENJ, GYR. 

HPC. Lll, NEV. (2), (2). 
ARZ. 

NEV. UCC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 
8-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 8-2— Continued 

Plastics and resin materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 

1991 



Plastics and resin materials 



Separate 
statistics 1 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 8-3) 



Thermoplastic resins— Continued: 

Polyamide resins: Yes 

Non-nylon type, polyamide resins Yes 

Nylon type, polyamide resins Yes 

Polybutylene type resins No 

Polyester resins, saturated: Yes 

Polybutylene terephthalate(PBT) No 

Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) Yes 

All other polyester resins, saturated Yes 

Polyethylene and copolymers resins: Yes 

Ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA) resins Yes 

Other ethylene copolymer resins Yes 

Specific gravity 0.940 and below (LDPE) Yes 

Specific gravity 0.940 and below, linear (LLDPE) Yes 

Specific gravity over 0.940 Yes 

Polypropylene polymer and copolymer resins Yes 

Polyterpene resins No 

Rosin modifications: Yes 

Modified rosin (unesterified) Yes 

Modified rosin esters Yes 

Rosin esters, unmodified (Ester gums) Yes 

Styrene type plastics materials: Yes 
Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) terpolymer 

resins Yes 

a-Methyl styrene polymers No 

Styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer resins (SAN) No 

Polystyrene: Yes 

Expandable polystyrene beads Yes 

Rubber modified polystyrene Yes 

Straight polystyrene Yes 

Styrene latexes: Yes 

Styrene-butadiene latexes Yes 

All other styrene latexes Yes 

Other styrene copolymers: Yes 

Acrylic-styrene-acrylonitrile No 

Methyl methacrylate-butadiene styrene (MBS) 

resins Yes 

Styrene-acrylonrtrile-a-methyl styrene No 

Styrene-allyl alcohol copolymer resins No 

Styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer resins No 

Styrene-maleic anhydride copolymer resins No 

Styrene-maleic anhydride, glass filled No 

Styrene-maleic anhydride-isobutanol terpolymer . . No 

Styrene-methyl methacrylate copolymer resins ... No 

All other styrene copolymers Yes 



ARZ, COO, DXA, EFH, GP, LI I, S, SCP, 

SQA, USM, WTH. 
ACS. AGI, BAS, BCM, CTR, DGO, DUP, 

GRG, HCL, MON, NYL, PAS, RSN, SCP, 

SKP, USM. 
AMO, ENJ, SHC. 

BAS, GE, HCL. 

ACS, DUP, EKT GE, GYR, HCL, ICI, TRY, 
WLM. YKK, (2). 

ACS, AUS, BAS, CGY CKC, CPV, DUP, 
EKT, GLD, GRG, GYR, HCL, ICI, IMI, 
MID, MNP, PPG.REL, SCN, USM. 

ENJ, NSC, RCI, RSN, USI, WLK. 
DOW, EKX, ENJ, EVL, HXL, KTX, SQA, 

t 2 )- 
DOW, DUP, EKX, ELP, ENJ, LYP, SM, 

SOC, SQA, UCC, USI, WLK. 
DOW, ENJ, SM, SOC, UCC, USI. 
DOW, ENJ, HCL, HIM, HKP, PAX, PLC, 

SLT, SOC, UCC, USI. 
AMO, ART, BAS, CSD, EKX, ELP, ENJ, 

HIM, LYP, MIL, PLC, SHC, SLT, USI, 

WYK. 
ARZ. 

ARZ, CJO, HPC, WTH, WVA. 

ARZ, BAS, CKC, EW, FRP, GP, GRV, HCL, 

HPC, Lll, WTH, WVA, (2). 
ARZ, CKC, FRP, HPC, WTH. 



DOW, GE, GRD, MON. 
AIP, AMO, CKC, CPV, JNS. 
DOW, ICI, MON. 

ATR, BAS, DPI, HMN, TXS. 
AMO, API, CSD, DOW, DPI, HMN, 

PLR, SM. 
AEP, AMO, API, ATR, CSD, DLT, DOW, 

DPI, HMN, HPC, KTP, PLR, SM, SOC, 

TXS. 

DOW, GRD, GYR, PYI, RCI, UOC. 
ADC, CCS, FRS, GRD, SPO, UCC, UOC. 

MON. 

CYR, KTX, RH. 

MON. 

HPC, MON. 

EK, RH, TCC. 

ATR, DIX, JNS, MON, PAS. 

MON. 

MON. 

ADC, PLR, ZNC, (2). 

AIP, ATR, CKC, CPV, EW, FLH. GAF, 

GE, GGI..GYR, HPC, JNS, MON, PLC, 

SCN, SQA, TCC. (2). 



See footnotes at end of table. 



8-7 



Section 8 

Table 8-2— Continued 

Plastics and resin materials for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer. 

1991 



Plastics and resin materials 



Separate 
statistics 1 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 8-3) 



Thermoplastic resins— Continued: 

All other styrene type plastics materials No 

Vinyl resins: Yes 

Polyvinyl acetate resins Yes 

Polyvinyl alcohol resins No 

Polyvinyl butyral resins No 

Polyvinyl formal resin No 

Vinyl acetate-acrylate copolymers Yes 

Polyvinyl chloride and copolymer resins: Yes 

All other polyvinyl chloride copolymer resins Yes 

Polyvinyl chloride homopolymer resins Yes 

Polyvinylidine chloride resins: 

Latex type polyyinylidene chloride resins No 

Solid type polyyinylidene chloride resins No 

All other vinyl resins Yes 

All other thermoplastic resins, benzenoid Yes 



FER, ICI. 



AIP, CGL, DAN, FLH, FLN, GLD, GRD, 

JOB, MNP, MON, PYI, RCI, SQA, NSC, 

TCC, UCC, UOC, ( 2 ). 
AIP, DUP. 
MON. 

GRG, MON. 
ACO, DAN. FLH, FLN, GLD, KMP, NCJ, 

NTC, PRA, RCI, RH, SPC. SQA, UCC, 

UOC. 

BCP, BFG, KYS, UCC, VYN. 
BCP, BFG, CNT, FOR, GGC, GYR, HKP, 
KYS, PLC, SHT, VST. VYN. 

BFG, DOW, GRD, UOC. 

DOW. 

DIX, EW, FLH, GLD, NCJ, RH, UCC. 

BRD. FER, HCL, Lll, NES, UOC, (2). 



1 Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'yes.' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'no.' 

2 The manufacturer did not consent to be identified with the designated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



8-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table 8-3 

Plastics and resin materials: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1991 



Code 



Name of company 



Code Name of company 

CNi Conap, Inc. 

CNT ..... Certainteed Corp. 
COO .... H.B. Fuller Co. 

CPV . Cook Paint & Varnish Co. 

CSD Fina Oil & Chemical Co. 

CTR Custom Resins Div. of Bemis Co., Inc. 

CXI Chemical Exchange Industries, Inc. 

CYR CYRO Industries 

DAN Hickson Danchem Corp. 

DCC Dow Corning Corp. 

DGO Day-Glo Color Corp. 

DIX Dixie Chemical Co., Inc. 

DLT . . . . Dertech Corp. 

DNS Dennis Chemical Co. 

DOW Dow Chemical Co. 

DPI Dart Polymers, Inc., Sub of Dart 

Container Corp. 

DRB Rohm Tech, Inc. 

DRC Dock Resins Corp. 

DRR Delta Resins & Refractories, Inc. 

DUP E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc.: 

Automotive Product Dept. 

Chemicals and Pigments Dept. 

ED/IMG Dept. 

Petrochemicals Dept. 

Polymer Products Dept. 

DXA I Dexter Corp., Automotive Div. 

ECC Eastern Color & Chemical Co. 

EFH ..... E. F. Houghton & Co. 

EK Eastman Kodak Co.: 

EKT Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 

EKX . . . , . Texas Eastman Co. Div. 

ELP Rexene Products Company 

ENJ Exxon Chemical Americas 

ESS Essential Industries, Inc. 

EVL Eval Company of America 

EW Westinghouse Electric Corp., Electrical 

FER Ferro Corp., Keil Chemical Div. 

FLH H. B. Fuller Co. 

FLN Franklin International, Inc. 

FOC Handschy Industries, Inc., Ink & 

Chemicals Div. 

FOR Formosa Plastics Corp. 

FRP Akzo Coatings, Inc. 

FRS Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., Firestone 

Synthetic 

Rubber & Latex Co. Div. 

GAF ISP Chemicals Corp. 

GE General Electric Co.: 

Electromaterials Div. 

Specialty Chemical Group 



ACO Adco Chemical Co. 

ACS Allied Signal, Inc. 

Engineered Materials Sector. 

Engineered Plastic Div. 

ACY American Cyanamid Co. 

ADC Anderson Development Co: 

AEP Packaging Corp. of America 

AES Advanced Elastomer Systems, LP. 

AGI EMS-American Grilon, Inc. 

AIP Air Products & Chemicals, Inc. 

AKZ Akzo Coating, Inc. 

AMO Amoco Corp. 

APH Alpha Resins Corp. 

API American Polymers, Inc. 

AQU Aqualon Co. 

ARO Arnco 

ART Aristech Chemical Corp. 

ARZ Arizona Chemical Co. 

ASH Ashland Oil. Inc. 

ATR Atlantic Richfield Co., Arco Chemical Co. 

AUS Ausimont N.V. 

AUX AuraluxCorp. 

BAS ..... BASF Corp. 

BCM Belding Heminway Co. 

BCP Borden Chemical & Plastics Delaware 

Limited Partnership 

BFG B. F. Goodrich Co. 

BLC Ranbar Technology, Inc. 

BMC Brin-Mont Chemicals, Inc. 

BME Allied Signal. Inc.. Friction Materials Div. 

BOR Borden, Inc., Packaging & industrial 

Products Div. 

BPT Permuthane Coatings, Inc. 

BRD Lonza, Inc. 

BRU M. A. Bruder & Sons, Inc. 

BSC Cascade Resins, Inc. 

BTL BTL Specialty Resin Corp. 

CAS CasChem, Inc. 

CBD Neste Resins Corp. 

CCS Advanced Resins, Inc. 

CFX Chemfax, Inc. 

CGL Cargill, Inc. 

CGY Ciba-Geigy Corp. 

CHC Carpenter Chemical Co. 

CHP OH. Patrick & Co.. Inc. 

CJO C. J. Osbom Chemicals, Inc. 

CKC Cook Composites and Polymers 

Co. 

CLU CL Industries. Inc. 

CMP Commercial Products Co., Inc. 

CMS Cosmic Plastics, Inc. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



8-9 



Section 8 

Table 8-3— Continued 

Plastics and resin materials: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1991 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



GGC .... Georgia-Gulf Corp.,: 

PVC Compound Div. 

Plaquemine Div. 

GGI Grow Group, inc., Cello Corp. Div. 

GLD Glidden Co. 

GP Georgia-Pacific Corp.: 

Resins, Inc. 
GRD W. R. Grace & Co., Organic Chemicals 

Div., 
GRG .... P. D. George Co. 

GRV Guardsman Products, Inc. 

GYR Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 

HCF Cape Industries 

HCL Hoechst Celanese Corp: 

Bayport Works 

Fibers Industrial Div. 

Sou-Tex Works 

HER Heresite Protective Coatings, Inc. 

HIM Himont U.S.A., Inc. 

HKP Occidental Chemical Corp., 

Polymers and Plastics Group 

HMN Huntsman Chemical Corp. 

HPC Hercules, Inc. 

HVG Ametek, Inc., Haveg Div. 

HXL Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Chemical Products 

Dexter Corp: 

HYA Aerospace Material Div. 

HYC Dexter Electronic Materials Div. 

ICI ICI Americas: 

Film Group Div. 

ICI Acrylic, Inc. 

Resin Div. 

Rubicon, Inc. 

Specialty Chemical Div. 

IMI Insulating Materials, Inc. 

INP Synair Corp. 

IOV Akzo Resins & Vehicles 

IPC Interplastic Corp. 

IRI Stuart-Ironsides, Inc. 

ISP Indspec Chemical Corp. 

JNS S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. 

JOB Jones-Blair 

KMP Kelly-Moore Paint Co., Inc. 

KTP Kama Corp. 

KTX Kaneka Texas Corp. 

KYS Keysor Century Corp. 

LC Lord Corp., Chemical Products Group 

LIC Lilly Industrial, Inc. 

LI I Lawter International, Inc. 

LYP Lyondell Petrochemical Co. 

MCA Masonite Corp., Alpine Resin Div. 



MID Dexter Corp., Dexter Specialty Coatings 

MIL Milliken & Co., Milliken Chemical Div. 

MMM — Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co. 

MNP McWhorther, Inc. 

MON Monsanto Co. 

MRT Morton International Inc., Morton 

Chemical Div. 

NCJ National Casein of New Jersey 

NCP Niles Chemical Paint Co. 

NES Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co. 

NEV Neville Chemical Co. 

NSC National Starch & Chemical Corp. 

NTC National Casein Co. 

NYL Nylon Corp. of America 

OCF Owens-Corning Fiberglas Corp. 

OMC .... OlinCorp. 

PAS ELF Atochem North America, Inc. 

PAX Paxon Polymer Co., LP. 

PDI Phelps Dodge Industries, inc., Phelps 

Dodge Magnet Wire Co. Div. 

PEL PelronCorp. 

PKL Plaskolite, Inc. 

PLC Phillips 66 Co. 

PLR Novacor Chemicals, Inc. 

PLS Plastics Engineering Co. 

PMC Plastics Manufacturing Co. 

PPG PPG Industries, Inc. 

PPL Pioneer Plastics Corp. 

PRA Para-Chem Southern, Inc. 

PRC Products Research & Chemical Corp. 

PRT Pratt & Lambert, Inc. 

PSG PMC, Inc., PMC Specialties Group, Inc. 

PSL PlaslokCorp. 

PST Perstorp Compounds, Inc. 

PYI Morton International, Inc., Morton 

Chemical Div. 

QCP Quaker Chemical Corp. 

QUN K. J. Quinn & Co., Inc. 

RAS Surface Coatings, Inc. 

RCI Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 

REL Akzo Coatings, Inc. 

REZ Rhone-Poulenc, Inc. 

RH Rohm & Haas Co. 

RSN ELF Atochem North America, Polymers 

Div. 

RTC Mount Vernon Mills, Inc. 

RUO Ruco Polymer Corp. 

S Sandoz Chemicals Corp., Color and 

Chemicals Div. 

SAC Southeastern Adhesives Co. 

SAR Esschem, Inc. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



8-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table 8-3 — Continued 

Plastics and resin materials: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1991 



Code 



Name of company 



Code Name of company 

TCC Sybron Chemicals, Inc. 

TNA Ethyl Corp. 

TRY Toray Plastics America, Inc. 

TXS Scott Polymers. Inc. 

UCC Union Carbide Corp., Industrial Chemical 

Div. 

UNO United-Erie, Inc. 

UOC Union Oil Co. of California 

USI Quantum Chemical Corp., USI Division 

USM Emhart Corp., Bostik Div. 

USP U.S. Polymers, Inc. 

USR Uniroyal, Chemical Co., Inc. 

UTF UltraformCo. 

VST Vista Chemical Co. 

VSV Valentine Sugars, Inc. 

VYN Vygen, Inc. 

WCL Wright Chemical Corp. 

WLK Westlake Corp. 

WLM .... Wellman, Inc. 

WM Inolex Chemical Co. 

WPG .... West Point-Pepperell, Inc. 

Grifftex Chemical Co., Sub. 

WRD Weyerhaeuser Co. 

WTH Union Camp Corp., Chemical Div. 

WVA Westvaco Corp. 

WYK .... Wyckoff Chemical Co., Inc. 

YKK YKK Corp. 

ZNC Zeon Chemicals, Inc. 



SCN Schenectady Chemicals, Inc. 

SCP Henkel Corp. 

SHC Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. 

SHT Shintech, Inc. 

SHX Sherex Chemical Co., Inc. 

SIC BP Chemicals, Inc., Silmar Div. 

SIF BP Chemicals, Inc., Filon Div. 

SKP Shakespeare Co. Monofilament Div. 

SLC Soluol Chem Co., Inc. 

SLT Solvay Polymer Corp. 

SM Mobil Oil Corp.: 

Mobil Chemical Co.: 

Chemical Products Div. 

Petrochemicals Div. 

Polystyrene Business Group 
SMO .... Smooth-On. Inc. 

SOC Chevron Corp., Chevron Chemical Co. 

SOR Southern Resin, Inc. 

SPC Insilco Corp., Sinclair Paint Co. Div. 

SPD General Electric Co., Silicone Products 

Dept. 
SPL Spaukjing Composites Co., Industrial 

Plastics Div. 
SPO Ameripol Synpol Co. Div. of Uniroyal 

Goodrich Tire Co. 

SPU Spulock Adhesives, Inc. 

SQA Sequa Chemicals, Inc. 

SRY Synray Corp. 

SYT Synthron, Inc. 



Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



8-11 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Section 9 
Rubber-Processing Chemicals 

Rubber-processing chemicals are organic 
compounds that are added to natural and synthetic 
rubber to give them qualities necessary for their 
conversion into finished rubber goods. In this report, 
statistics are given for cyclic and acyclic compounds 
by use — such as accelerators, antioxidants, and 
vulcanizing agents. Data on production and sales of 
rubber-processing chemicals in 1991 are given in table 
9-1. Data on production of rubber-processing 
chemicals during 1987-91 are given in figure 9-1. 

Production of rubber-processing chemicals as a 
group in 1991 amounted to 155 million kilograms, or 
14 percent less than the 179 million kilograms 
produced in 1990. Sales of rubber-processing 
chemicals in 1991 amounted to 114 milli on kilograms, 
valued at $457 million, compared with 136 million 
kilograms, valued at $458 million, in 1990. 

The production of cyclic • rubber-processing 
chemicals in 1991 amounted to 140 million kilograms, 
or 1 percent more than the 138 million kilograms 
produced in 1990. Sales of cyclic rubber-processing 
chemicals in 1991 totaled 99 million kilograms, valued 
at $428 million, compared with 104 million kilograms, 



valued at $413 million, in 1990. Of the total production 
of cyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1991. 
antioxidants, antiozonants. and stabilizers accounted 
for 61 percent, and accelerators, activators, and 
vulcanizing agents for 37 percent. Production of 
antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers, which 
amounted to 85 million kilograms in 1991, included 54 
million kilograms of amino compounds and 31 million 
kilograms of phenolic and phosphite compounds. Sales 
of amino antioxidants, antiozonants. and stabilizers in 
1991 amounted to 40 million kilograms, valued at $165 
million; sales of phenolic and phosphite compounds 
were 30 million kilograms, valued at $130 million. 

Production of acyclic rubber-processing chemicals 
in 1991 amounted to 15 million kilograms, or 63 
percent less than the 40 million kilograms produced in 
1990. Sales in 1991 totaled 14 million kilograms, 
valued at $29 million, compared with 32 million 
kilograms, valued at $44 million, in 1990. 

Table 9-2 lists the products reported in this section 
and indicates the manufacturer(s) of each by code. 
These codes are identified by company name in table 
9-3. 

Cynthia Trainor 
202-205-3354 



Figure 9-1 

Rubber-processing chemicals: U.S. production, 1987-91 

Millions 

of kilograms 

200 




1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



9-1 



Section 9 

Figure 9-1 

Rubber-processing chemicals: U.S. production, 1987-91 



Rubber-processing chemicals 



Sales 



Production Quantity Value 



Average 

Unit 

value 1 



1,000 
dollars 

457,337 



Per 
kilogram 

$4.02 



4.30 
4.07 
3.66 



9,238 


39.186 


4.24 


5.153 


13.900 


2.70 


9,294 


33,559 


3.61 



9.68 



4.21 



1,000 1,000 

kilograms kilograms 

Grand Total 154,596 113,813 

Cyclic 

Total 139,796 99,434 427,997 

Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing 
agentstotal 51,030 25,441 103,641 

Thiazole derivatives, total 49,160 23,685 86,645 

N-tert-Butyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 10,821 

2,2'-Dithiobis[benzothiazole] 4,419 

All other thiazole derivatives 33,920 

All other accelerators, activators, and 

vulcanizing agents 2 3 1,870 1,756 16,996 

Antioxidants, antiozonarrts, and stabilizers, 

total 84,735 70,164 295,242 

Amino compounds, total 54.085 

Substituted p-phenylenediamines 33,946 

All other amino compounds 4 20,139 

Phenolic and phosphite compounds, total 5 30,650 

Polyphenolics 2,653 

All other phenolic and phosphite 

compounds 27,997 

All other cyclic rubber-processing chemicals 7 4,031 

Acyclic 

Total 14,800 

1 Calculated from unrounded figures. 

2 Includes aldehyde-amine reaction products, dithiocarbamates, and other accelerators, activators, and 
vulcanizing agents. 

J| Data on dithiocarbamates included in this table are for materials used chiefly in the processing of natural and 
synthetic rubber. Data on dithiocarbamates. which are used chiefly as fungicides, are included in the section on 
Pesticides and Related Products." 

4 Includes aldehyde- and acetone-amine reaction products and other amines. 

5 Also includes other antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers. 
° Includes sales quantity and value figures for polyphenolics. 

7 Includes blowing agents and other cyclic rubber-processing chemicals. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



39.753 
23,950 
15,803 
30,411 


165,350 

112,758 

52,592 

129,892 


4.16 
4.71 
3.33 
4.27 


630,411 
3.829 


6 1 29,892 
29,114 


6 4.27 
7.60 


14.379 


29,340 


2.04 



9-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 9-2 

Rubber-processing chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Rubber-processing chemicals statistics 1 (according to list in table 9-3) 

Cyclic: 

Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents: 
Aldehyde-amine reaction products: 

Heptaldehyde-aniline condensate No USR. 

Triethyltrimethylenetriamine No USR. 

All other aldehyde-amine reaction products, 

cyclic No DUP. 

Dithiocarbamic acid derivatives: 

Dibenzyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt No USR. 

Dibenzyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt No USR. 

All other dithiocarbamic acid derivatives, cyclic No VNC. 

Guanidines: 

Dicatechol borate, di-o-tolylguanidine salt No VNC, (2). 

All other guanidines, cyclic No VNC. 

Thiazole derivatives: 

N-tert-Butyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide Yes BFG, MON, USR. 

N-Cyclohexyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide No MON, USR. 

2,2'-Dithiobislbenzothiazole] Yes BFG, MON, USR. 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole No MON, USR. 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, copper salt No ACY. 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, zinc salt No USR, (2). 

N-Morpholinyl-2-benzothiazolyl disulfide No GYR. 

N-Oxydiethylene-2-benzothiazolesuKenamide No BFG, USR. 

All other thiazole derivatives, cyclic No BFG, f 2 ). 

All other cyclic accelerators, activators, and 
vulcanizing agents: 

Bis(morpholinothiocarbamoyl) disulfide No ACY. 

1 ,3-Dihydro-4(or 5)-methyl-2H-benzimidazole-2- 

thione No VNC. 

Dimethylammonium hydrogen isophthalate No (2). 

Di-N.N'-pentamethylenethiuram tetrasulf ide No VNC. 

4,4'-Drthiodimorpholine No MON. 

2-Mercaptotololuimidazole, zinc salt No VNC. 

m-Phenylenebismaleimide No DUP. 

All other accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing 

agents, cyclic No DUP, USR, f 2 ). 

Antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers : 
Amino antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers: 
Aldehyde- and acetone-amine reaction products: 

Diphenylamine-acetone aldehyde No USR. 

Diphenylamine-acetone condensate No BFG, USR. 

All othr aldehyde and acetone-amine reaction 

products, cyclic No USR. 

Substituted p-phenyienediamines: 

Alkylaryl-p-phenylenediamines No MON. 

N,N'-Bis(1 ,4-dimethylpentyl)-p- 

phenylenediamine No MON, UPM. 

N,N'-Bis(1 -ethyl-3-methylpentyl)-p- 

phenylenediamine No UPM. 

N,N'-Bis(1-methylheptyl)-p-phenylenediamine ... No UPM. 

N-Cyclohexyl-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine No USR. 

Diarylenediamines, mixed No GYR. 

N-(1 ,3-Dimethylbutyl)-N'-phenyl-p- 

phenylenediamine No UPM, USR. 

N,N'-Di-2-naphthyl-p-phenylenediamine No BFG. 

See footnotes at end of table. 

9-3 



Section 9 

Table 9-2— Continued 

Rubber-processing chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by 

manufacturer, 1991 

_ ... Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

Rubber-processing chemicals statistics 1 (according to list in table 9-3) 



Cyclic-Continued 

Antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers -Continued 
Amino antioxidants, antiozonants, and stabilizers 
-Continued 
Substituted p-phenylenediamines-Continued 

N,N'-Diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine No BFG. 

-N-lsopropyl-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine No USR. 

N-(1-Methylheptyl)-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine No UPM. 

N-(1-Methylpentyl)-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine No USR. 

All other p-Phenylenediamines, substituted No KPI, UPM, USR. 

Other amines: 

p-Anilinophenol No BFG. 

1 ,2-Dihydro-2,2,4-trimethylquinoline No BFG. MON, USR. 

Nonyldiphenylamine mixture (Mono-, di-, and tri-) . . No USR. 

Octyldiphenylamine No BFG, USR. 

OctykJiphenylamine, alkylated No BFG. 

p-(p-Toluenesulfonamido)diphenylamine No USR. 

Phenolic and phosphite antioxidants and stabilizers: 
Phosphites: 

Alkylaryl phosphites mixed No FER, GE. 

Nonylphenyl phosphites, mixed No GE, USR. 

Polyphenol^ phosphites, polyalkylated No BFG, GE. 

Triaryl phosphites No GE. 

Polyphenolics (including bisphenols): 

Bisphenol, hindered No USR. 

4,4'-Butylidenebis(6-tert-butyl-m-cresol) No MON. 

2,5-Di-sec-butyldecylhydroquinone No USR. 

2,5-Di-(1 ,1 -dimethylpropyl)hydroquinone No MON. 

2,2'-Methylenebis(6-tert-butyl-p-cresol) No ACY. 

2,2'-Methylenebis(6-tert-butyl-4-ethylphenol) No ACY. 

All other phenolic antioxidants and stabilizers: 

Phenol, alkylated No ACY, BFG, GYR, NEV. 

Phenol, hindered No GYR, USR. 

Phenol, styrenated, mixtures No NEV, USR. 

N-Stearoyl-p-aminophenol No HXL 

All other phenolic antioxidants No USR. 

Blowing agents: 

p,p'-Oxybis(benzenesulfonhydrazide) No USR. 

5-Phenyttetrazole No OMC. 

p-Toluenesulfonylsemicarbazide No USR. 

All other cyclic rubber-processing chemicals: 

p-tert-Amylphenoi sulfide (TacWfier) No PAS. 

N-(Cyclohexylthio)phthalimide No MON. 

Diphenyl-4,4'-diphenylmethyienedicarbamate No USR. 

All other rubber-processing chemicals, cyclic No FER. 

Acyclic: 

Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents: 
Dithiocarbamic acid derivatives: 

Dialkyldithiocarbamic acid derivative No f 2 ). 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, nickel salt No USR, VNC. 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt No USR. VNC. 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt No VNC, (*). 

See footnotes at end of table. 

9-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 9-2— Continued 

Rubber-processing chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

Rubber-processing chemicals statistics 1 (according to list in table 9-3) 

Acyclic-Continued 

Accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents- 
Continued 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, cadmium salt and 

bis(diethylthiocarbamoyl)disulfide, mixture No f 2 ). 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt No C 2 ). 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, tellurium salt No f 2 ). 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt No VNC, i 2 ). 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, bismuth salt No f 2 ). 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, copper salt No t 2 ). 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, lead salt No C 2 ). 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, selenium salt No C 2 ). 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt No VNC. 

All other dithiocarbamic acid derivatives, acyclic ... No f 2 ). 
Thiurams: 

Bis(dibutylthiocarbamoyl) disulfide No t 2 ). 

Xanthates and sulfides: 

Di-n-butylxantho disulfide No USR. 

Zinc isopropyl xanthate No VNC. 

All other acyclic accelerators, activators, and 
vulcanizing agents: 

All other accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing 

agents, acyclic No DUP, f 2 ). 

Polymerization regulators: 

n-Dodecyl mercaptans No PLC. 

tert-Nonyl mercaptan No PAS. 

n-Octyl mercaptan No PAS, PLC. 

tert-bctyl mercaptan No PLC. 

All other polymerization regulators, acyclic No PLC. 

Shortstops: 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, potassium salt No USR. 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt No ALC, USR, VCC, VNC. 

All other acyclic rubber-processing chemicals: 

Waxes and paraffinic products No DUP. 

Zinc laurate (Activator, physical property 

improver, and processing auxiliary) No USR. 

All other rubber-processing chemicals, acyclic No f 2 ). 

1 Chemicals for which seperate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'yes.' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'no.' 

2 The manufacturer did not consent to be identified with the designated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



9-5 



Section 9 

Table 9-3 

Rubber-processing chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1991 



Code 



Name of company 



Code Name of company 

KPI Kenrich Petrochemicals, Inc. 

MON Monsanto Co. 

NEV Neville Chemical Co. 

OMC OlinCorp. 

PAS ELF Atochem North America, Inc. 

PLC Phillips 66 Co. 

UPM UOP, Inc. 

USR Uniroyal Chemical Co., Inc. 

VCC Vinings Industries, Inc. 

VNC Vanderbilt Chemical Corp. 



ACY American Cyanamid Co. 

ALC Alco Chemical Corp. 

BFG B.F. Goodrich Co., B.F. Goodrich 

Chemical Group 
DUP E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. 

Polymer Products Dept. 

FER Ferro Corp., Bedford Chemical Div. 

GE General Electric Co., Speciality 

Chemical Group 

GYR Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 

HXL Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Chemical 

Products 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



9-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Section 10 
Elastomers 

Elastomers or synthetic rubbers are high polymer 
material exhibiting extensibility and elastic recovery. 
The term "elastomers" as used in this report pertain to 
substances, whether in bale, crumb, powder, latex, or 
other crude form, which can be vulcanized or similarly 
processed into materials which can be stretched to at 
least twice their original length and which, after having 
been so stretched and the stress removed, will return 
with force to approximately their original length. U.S. 
production and sales of elastomers in 1991 are shown 
in table 10-1. 

In 1991, total U.S. production 1 of elastomers 
amounted to 2,166 million kilograms, a decrease of 3.0 
percent from that produced in 1990. The production of 
elastomers has remained stable during the past 5 year 
period; 1991 production showed an increase of 1.8 
percent over 1987 production. Sales of elastomers also 
decreased slightly in 1991 compared to 1990. The sales 
volume decreased by 1.7 percent and sales value 
decreased 4.7 percent. 



1 Polyurethane type elastomers have previously been included in 
the section Vffl "Plastics and Resin Materials." The commission 
reports urethane elastomers in section VIII, and section X, 
"Elastomers" (synthetic rubber). Henceforth those polyurethane 
products classified as "thermoplastic" urethane elastomers will be 
reported in SOC section X; all other urethane elastomers will remain in 
SOC section Vffl. 



Elastomers production was dominated by 
styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) in 1991; production 
amounted to 902 million kilograms. Polybutadiene 
rubber was produced in the next largest quantity, 
amounting to 371 million kilograms. These two 
rubbers are used primarily in the production of tires. 
Other principle types of synthetic elastomers for which 
U.S. production data were reported separately are 
thermoplastic elastomers, production of which was 215 
million kilograms in 1991; ethylene-propylene rubber, 
production of which was 206 million kilograms in 
1991; and butadiene-acrylonitrile rubber (NBR), 
production of which was 73 million kilograms in 1991. 

Sales of styrene-butadiene rubber by U.S. 
producers in 1991 amounted to 603 million kilograms. 
In 1991, sales of polybutadiene rubber amounted to 
170 million kilograms, and those of ethylene-propylene 
rubber to 194 million kilograms. Sales of 
thermoplastic elastomers amounted to 176 million 
kilograms and butadiene-acrylonitrile rubber amounted 
to 75 million kilograms. 

Table 10-2 lists the products reported in this 
section and indicates the manufacture(s) of each by 
code. These codes are identified by company names in 
table 10-3. 

Derby L. Miswelli 
202-205-3362 



Figure 10-1 
Elastomers: 



U.S. production, 1987-91 



Billions 
of kilograms 




1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



10-1 



Section 10 

Table 10-1 

Elastomers (synthetic rubber): 1 U.S. production and sales, 1991 



Elastomers 



Production 2 



Sales Average 

Unit 

Quantity 2 Value value 3 



1,000 
kilograms 

Grand total 2,166,164 

Acrylic type elastomers 4,138 

Butadiene-acrylonitrile type (nitrile) (NBR-type) 72,979 

Ethylene-propylene type (EP-type) 206,045 

Polybutadiene type (BR-type), total 370,713 

Polybutadiene, emulsion-polymerized 15,481 

Polybutadiene, solution-polymerized 355,232 

Silicone (Q) type elastomers 59,993 

Styrene-butadiene type (SBR)-type), total 902,038 

Styrene-butadiene, dry type 763,542 

Styrene-butadiene-vinylpyridine 7,800 

Styrene-butadiene, latex type and other 130,696 

Thermoplastic elastomers (such as styrene-biock 

copolymers, thermoplastic olefin elastomers, 

thermoplastic polyurethane elastomers, 

and copolyesters) 215,319 

All other elastomers 4 334,939 



1,000 1,000 

kilograms dollars 



5,637 26,927 

74,892 163,721 

193.659 394,272 



170.120 



12,253 
157,867 

38,455 

602,787 



175,783 
267,794 



159,823 



12.912 
146,911 

357,927 

593,101 



464,090 418,066 

5,336 14,658 

133,361 160,377 



Per 
kilogram 



1,529,127 2,979,307 $1.95 



4.78 
2.19 
2.04 

.94 

1.05 
.93 

9.31 

.98 

.90 
2.75 
1.20 



535,243 3.04 
748,293 2.79 



1 The term "elastomers" is defined as substances in bale, crumb, powder, latex, and other crude forms which can 
be vulcanized or similarly processed into materials that can be stretched at 68° F. to at least twice their original length 
and, after having been stretched and the stress removed, will return with force to approximately their original length. 

2 Includes oil content of oil-extended elastomers. 

3 Calculated from unrounded figures. 

4 Includes butyl, chlorosulfonated polyethylene, epichlorohydrin, fluoroelastomers, hydrogenated nitrile, 
polychloroprene (neoprene) type, polyisoprene, polysulfide, and miscellaneous elastomers. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



10-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 10-2 

Elastomers for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Elastomers 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 1 0-3) 



Cyclic 

Epichlorohydrin elastomers (CO, ECO) tpye No 

Styrene-butadiene (S or SBR) type Yes 

Styrene-butadiene, dry type Yes 

Styrene-butadiene, latex type No 

Styrene-butadiene-vinylpyridine Yes 

All other styrene-butadiene type elastomers, 

other No 

Thermoplastic elastomers (such as styrene-block 
copolymers, thermoplastic olefin elastomers, 
thermoplastic polyurethanes elastomers, and 

copolyester) Yes 

All other cyclic elastomers No 

Acyclic 

Butadiene-acrylonitrile type (nitrile) (NBR-type) Yes 

Butyl (isobutylene-isoprene) type No 

Chlorosulfonated polyethylene (CSM) type No 

Ethylene acrylic elastomer No 

Ethylene-propylene (EP) type Yes 

Fluoroelastomers (CFM, FKM, FFKM) type No 

Hydrogenated nitrile (HNBR) type No 

Polyacrylic (ACM) type elastomers No 

Polybutadiene acrylic acid acrylonitrile terpolymer 

(PBAN) No 

Polybutadiene (BR) type Yes 

Polybutadiene, emulsion-polymerized Yes 

Polybutadiene, solution-polymerized Yes 

Polychloroprene (Neoprene) (CR) type No 

Polyisoprene (IR) type No 

Polysulfide (T) type elastomers No 

Silicone (Q) type elastomers Yes 



ZNC. 

CPY, FRS, DYG, GYR, RCI, SPO. 
BAS, BFG, GNT, GRD. GYR, MMM. 
BFG, FRS, GNT, GYR. 

ASY, LC 



AES, BAS, BFG, DOW, DUP, EEP, EPI, 

FRS, GEP, HCL, ROG, SHC. 
TNA. 



BFG, CPY, GYR, MMM, RCI, USR, ZNC. 

ENJ. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

CPY, DUP, ENJ, USR. 

DUP, MMM. 

ZNC, 

ACY, ZNC. 

ASY. 

DYG, GNT, GYR, RCI. SPO. 

ASY, FRS, GYR, PLC. 

DUP, DKA. 

GYR. 

MRT 

DCC, MRT, SPD, SWS. 



1 Chemicals for which seperate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'yes.' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'no.' 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



10-3 



Section 10 

Table 10-3 

Elastomers (synthetic rubber): Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1991 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



ACY American Cyanamid Co. 

AES Advanced Elastomer Systems 

ASY American Synthetic Rubber Corp. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BFG B. F. Goodrich Co. 

CPY Copolymer Rubber & Chemical Corp. 

DCC Dow Coming Corp. 

DKA Miles, Inc. 

DOW Dow Chemical Co. 

DUP E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc., 

Polymer Products Dept. 
DYG Dynagen, Inc., Subsidary of 

General Tire 

EEP Furon Co. 

ENJ Exxon Chemical Americas 

EPI Eagle Pitcher Industries Inc., 

Orthane Div. 
FRS Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., Firestone 

Synthetic Rubber & Latex Co. Div. 
GE General Electric Co., Speciality 

Chemical Group 
GEP General Electric Co., 

Plastics Div. 
GNT Gencorp Polymers Products 



GRD W. R. Grace & Co., Organic 

Chemicals Div. 

Polymers & Chemical Div. 

GYR Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 

HCL Hoechst Celanese Corp., 

Advanced Materials Group 

LC Lord Corp., Chemical Products Group 

MMM Minnesota Mining and 

Manufacturing Co. 
MRT Morton International, Inc., Morton 

Chemical Div. 

PLC Phillips 66 Co. 

RCi Reichold Chemicals, Inc. 

ROG Rogers Corp. 

SHC Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. 

SPD General Electric Co., Silicone Products 

Dept. 
SPO Ameripol Synpol Co., Div. of Uniroyal 

Goodrich Tire Co. 

SWS Wacker Silicones Corp. 

TNA Ethyl Corp 

USR Uniroyal Chemical Co., Inc. 

ZNC Zeon Chemicals, Inc. 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app A. 
Source: Compiled from data recieved in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



10-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Section 11 
Plasticizers 

Plasticizers are organic chemicals that are added to 
synthetic plastics and resin materials to (1) improve 
workability during fabrication, (2) extend or modify 
the natural properties of these materials, or (3) develop 
new or improved properties not present in the original 
material. Table 11-1 presents statistics on U.S. 
production and sales of plasticizers in as great detail as 
is possible without revealing the operations of 
individual producers. 

U.S. production of plasticizers totaled 828 million 
kilograms in 1991, a decrease of 7.0 percent from the 
891 million kilograms reported for 1990. The trend of 
production of these products is shown in the graph in 
figure 11-1. Sales of plasticizers totaled 810 million 
kilograms, valued at $1,052 million in 1991, compared 
with 827 million kilograms, valued at $967 million, in 
1990. 

Production of cyclic plasticizers in 1991, which 
consisted chiefly of the esters of phthalic anhydride, 
phosphoric acid, and trimellitic acid, amounted to 604 



million kilograms, an decrease of 5.6 percent from the 
640 million kilograms reported for 1990. Sales of 
cyclic plasticizers in 1991 totaled 604 million 
kilograms, valued at $708 million, compared with 644 
million kilograms, valued at $665 million, in 1990. 
The most important cyclic plasticizers were the dioctyl 
phthalates, with production of 123 million pounds, in 
1991. 

Production of acyclic plasticizers in 1991 totaled 
224 million kilograms, a decrease of 10.7 percent from 
the 251 million kilograms reported for 1990. Sales of 
acyclic plasticizers totaled 205 million kilograms, 
valued at $344 million in 1991, compared with 182 
million kilograms, valued at $301 million, in 1990. 
Epoxidized esters were the most important acyclic 
plasticizers in 1991 with production of 62 million 
kilograms. 

Table 11-2 lists the products reported in this section 
and indicates the manufacturer(s) of each by code. 
These codes are identified by company name in table 
11-3. 

Jesse Lawrence Johnson 
202-205-3351 



Figure 11-1 

Plasticizers: U.S. production, 1987-91 



Millions 
of kilograms 



1200 



1000 



800 



600 



400 



200 




1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



11-1 



Section 11 

Table 11-1 

Plasticizers: U.S. production and sales, 1991 

Sales Average 

Unit 

Plasticizers Production 1 Quantity Value value 2 

1,000 1,000 1,000 Per 

kilograms kilograms dollars kilogram 

Grandtotal 827,931 809,927 1,052,464 $1.30 

Benzenoid 3 685,480 677,074 843,139 1.25 

Nonbenzenoid 142,451 132,853 209,325 1.58 

Cyclic 

Total 604,042 604,433 708,491 1.17 

Phthalic anhydride esters, total 546.477 537,728 603,91 2 1.12 

Dibutyl phthalates (including diisobutyl 

phthalates) 8,506 6,450 7,945 1.23 

Diisodecyl phthalate 95,348 96,103 83,902 .87 

Dioctyl phthalates 4 122,510 125,206 115,518 .92 

All other phthalic anhydride esters 320,113 309,969 396,547 1.28 

Trimellitic acid esters 15,731 24,400 43,333 1 .78 

All other cyclic plasticizers 5 41,834 42,305 61,246 1.45 

Acyclic 

Total 223,889 205,494 343,973 1.67 

Adipic acid esters, total 56,523 48,651 86,116 1.77 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate 24,343 23,159 30,036 1.30 

Diisodecyl adipate 987 1,074 1,768 1.65 

All other adipic acid esters 31.193 24.418 54,312 2.22 

Complex linear polyesters and polymeric plasticizers 42,013 30,178 65,665 2.18 

Epoxidized esters 62.383 66,687 75,445 1.13 

Butyl oleate 535 517 773 1.50 

Sebacic acid esters, total 3,380 3,080 16,017 5.20 

Dibutyl sebacate 245 250 895 3.58 

All other sebacic acid esters 3.135 2,830 15,122 5.34 

Stearic acid esters 5,145 5,240 8.791 1.68 

All other acyclic plasticizers 6 53,910 51,141 91,166 1.78 

1 Includes data for compounds used principally (but not exclusively) as primary plasticizers. Does not include 
clearly defined extenders or secondary plasticizers. 

2 Calculated from unrounded figures. 

3 Includes benzenoid products as defined in part 1 , schedule 4, of the Tariff Schedules of the United States 
Annotated. 

4 The difference between the production reported here and that shown on the Preliminary Report on U.S. 
Production of Selected Organic Chemicals (including Synthetic Plastics and Resin Materials), 1991, results from a 
combination of incorrect reporting by some companies, end-of-year inventory adjustments, and rounding. 

5 Includes data for cresyl diphenyl phosphate, dibutyl phenyl phosphate, diphenyl octyl phosphate, tricresyl 
phosphate, triphenyl phosphate, and other cyclic phosphoric acid esters, glycol dibenzoates, toluenesulfonamides, 
tetrahydrofurfuryl oleate, and other cyclic plasticizers. 

6 Includes data for azelaic acid esters, citric and acetylcitric acid esters, myristic acid esters, pelargonic acid 
esters, ricinoleic and acetylricinoleic acid esters, glyceryl and glycol esters, arid other acyclic plasticizers. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



11-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 11-2 

Plasticizers for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Piasticizers 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 11-3) 



Cyclic plasticizers Yes 

N-n-Butyl benzenesulfonamide No 

Diethylene glycol dibenzoate No 

Dipropanediol dibenzoate (Dipropylene glycol 

dibenzoate) No 

N-Ethyi-p-toluenesulfonamide No 

Phosphoric acid esters: No 

Isodecyl diphenyi phosphate No 

Tricresyl phosphate No 

Triphenyl phosphate . . : No 

All other phosphoric acid esters No 

Phthalic anhydride esters: Yes 

Bis(2-ethylhexyl)terephthlate No 

Butyl benzyl phthalate No 

Butyl octyl phthalates No 

Di(2-butoxyethyl) phthalate No 

Dibutyl phthalate (including diisobutyl phthalate) — Yes 

Dicyclohexyl phthalate No 

Diethylene glycol phthalate No 

Diethyl isophthalate No 

Diethyl phthalate S. No 

Di-(heptyl, nonyl) phthlate, mixed esters No 

Di-(heptyl, nonyl, undecyl) phthlate, mixed esters ... No 

Diisodecyl phthalate Yes 

Diisononyl phthalate No 

Dimethyl isophthalate No 

Dimethyl phthalate No 

Di-(nonyl, decyl. undecyl) phthlate, mixed esters — No 

Dinonyl phthalate No 

Diphenyi phthalate No 

Di-tridecyl phthalate No 

Diundecyl phthalate No 

Hexyl n-decyl phthalate No 

n-Octyl n-decyl phthalate No 

Dioctyl phthalates: Yes 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate No 

Diiso-octyl phthalate No 

All other dioctyl phthalates No 

Glycol phthalate esters: No 

Butyl phthalyl butyl glycolate No 

All other glycol phthalate esters No 

All other phthalic anhydride esters Yes 

Polyethylene glycol dibenzoate No 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl oleate No 

Trimellitic acid esters: Yes 

Tri(2-ethyihexyl) trimellitate No 

Tri-n-hexyltrimellitate No 

Triisodecyl trimellitate No 

Triisononyl trimellitate No 

Triiso-octyl trimellitate — No 

trimethyl trimellitate No 

Trioctyl trimellitate No 

All other trimellitic acid esters No 

All other cyclic plasticizers Yes 



UTC. 
KLM, VEL. 

KLM, VEL. 
EPI, UTC. 

MON. 

FMC. 

FMC, MON. 

FMC, MON. SCP, SM. 

EKT. 

MON. 

ART. 

ART 

ART, EKT, NOD, UTC, WTH. 

UTC. (2). 

CMB. 

?)■ 

EKT, MRF. 

BAS, ENJ, SC. 

BAS SC 

ART,' ENJ, HCC, MON, NOD, TEK. 

ART, BAS. ENJ, MRF, TEK. 

UTC. 

EKT, MRF, UTC. 

BAS 

BAS, ENJ. SC. TEK. 

ART 

ENJ, HCC. NOD. SM. TEK. 

ART. BAS, SC. TEK. 

VST. 

ART. VST. 

ART. BAS, EKT, ENJ. NOD. TEK. 
ENJ. HAL, HCC, NOD, TEK. 
WTH. 

HAL 

BAS, MON, NOD, SC, TEK, WTC. 

VEL. 

WTC. 

BAS. ENJ. TEK. 

ENJ.WM. 

ART, TEK. 

NOD. 

FER. 

ART, EKT 

ART. BAS. TEK. (2). {% 

BOE. NEV. NOD, UTC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



11-3 



Section 11 

Table 11-2— Continued 

Plasticizers for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Plasticizers 



Separate 
statistics 1 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 11-3) 



Acyclic plasticizers: Yes 

Adipic acid esters: Yes 

Butylene glycol adipate No 

Di(2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethyl) adipate No 

Dibutoxyethyl adipate No 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate Yes 

Di-n-hexyl adipate No 

Diisobutyl adipate No 

Diisodecyl adipate Yes 

Diisononyl adipate No 

Diiso-octyl adipate No 

Diisopropyl adipate No 

Dimethyl adipate No 

Di-n-octyl adipate No 

Di-tridecyl adipate No 

Ethylene glycol adipate No 

Neopentyl glycol adipate No 

All other adipic acid esters Yes 

Azelaic acid esters: No 

Di(2-ethyihexyl) azelate No 

All other azelaic acid esters No 

Citric and acetylcitric acid esters: Yes 

Tributyl acetylcitrate No 

Tributyl citrate No 

Triethyl acetylcitrate No 

Triethyl citrate No 

All other citric and acetylcitric acid esters No 

Complex linear polyesters and polymeric 

plasticizers: Yes 
Adipic acid type complex linear polyesters and 

polymeric plasticizers No 

All other complex linear polyesters and polymeric 

plasticizers No 

Epoxidized esters: Yes 

Epoxidized linseed oils No 

Epoxidized pentaerythritol tetraphthalate No 

Epoxidized soya oils No 

2-Ethylhexyl epoxytallates No 

All other epoxidized esters No 

Glyceryl tripropionate No 

Glutaric acid esters: No 

Neopentyl glycol glutarate No 

All other glutaric acid esters No 

Laurie acid esters: No 

All other lauric acid esters No 

Myristic acid esters: No 

Isopropyl myristate No 

All other myristic acid esters No 

Octandic aciud esters: No 

2-Butoxyethyl oleate No 

Oleic acid esters: Yes 

Butyl oleate No 

Decyl oleate No 

Glyceryl trioleate (Triolein) No 



HAL. 

HAL. MON. 

HAL 

ART, CAS. EKT, ENJ. HAL. MON, NOD. 

TEK.WTH. 
EKT, MON. 
HAL, WTC, (2). 
HAL. HCC, NOD. 
ART, TEK. 
HAL, HCC, SM. 
WTH. 
MRF. 
WTH. 
NOD.WM. 
HAL. 
HAL 
ENJ. HAL, SCP, SM, WTC. 

HAL, SCP, TEK. 
SCP. A 

UTC. 
(*)• 
ft 
CCL, (2). 



CMB, HAL, SCP, TEK, WTC, WTH. 

AQU, EKX, HPC. SBC, SCP, SM, TEK, 
VND, WM, WTC. 

PAS, UCC, WTC. 

UCC. 

FER, FMB, PAS. TEK. UCC. WTC. 

UCC. WTC- 

PAS, UCC. 

EKT. 

HAL. 
HAL. 

HAL 

CAS, WM. WTH. 
CAS, WTH. 

HAL. 

CHL. SCP. WTC. WTH. 
SBC. VND. 
SCP, WTC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 
11-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1991 

Table 11-2— Continued 

Plasticizers for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Plasticizers 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 11-3) 



Acyclic plasticizers-Continued Yes 

Oleic acid esters-Continued Yes 

Isobutyl oleate No 

Methyl oleate No 

Oleyl oleate No 

Proply oleates: No 

n-Propyl oleate No 

All other oleic acid esters No 

Palmitic acid esters: No 

n-Butyl palmitate No 

2-Ethylhexyl palmitate No 

Isobutyl palmitate No 

Isopropyl palmitate No 

All other palmitic acid esters No 

Pelargonic acid esters: 

Glycol pelargonate No 

Isodecyl pelargonate No 

All other pelargonic acid esters No 

Phosphoric acid esters: No 

Tri(2-butoxyethyl) phosphate No 

Tributyl phosphate No 

Triethyl phosphate [[[ No 

Trioctyl phosphate ' No 

Ricinoleic and acetylricinoleic acid esters: No 

n-Butyl acetylricinoleate No 

Butyl ricinoleate ]\\[[ No 

Glyceryl monoricinoleate ['. No 

Glyceryl tri(acetylricinoleate) ' No 

Methyl ricinoleate [ No 

Propylene glycol monoricinoleate No 

All other ricinoleic and acetylricinoleic acid 

„ esters No 

Sebacic acid esters: Yes 

Dibutoxyethyl sebacate No 

Dibutyl sebacate [[ Yes 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) sebacate No 

Diisopropyl sebacate No 

Dimethyl sebacate [\ No 

Propylene glycol sebacate " No 

All other sebacic acid ester Yes 

Stearic acid esters: No 

n-Butyl stearate No 

2-Ethylhexyl stearate ,[[\] no 

Glyceryl triacetyl stearate ' no 

Hexadecyl stearate No 

Isobutyl stearate No 

Isopropyl stearate No 

Myristyl stearate ]['] No 

Tridecyl stearate No 

All other stearic acid esters No 



SBC. 

SCP. WTC. 
SBC. 

SCP. 
SCP. 

EKT. 

CAS, VND. WM. WTH. 

WTH. 

CAS, WM, WTH. 

SBC. 

SCP. 
SCP. 
SBC, SM, WM. 

FMC, MON, RDA. 

FMC. 

EKT. 

FMC, RDA. 

CAS. 

CAS. 

CAS. 

CAS. 

CAS, SCP. 

CAS. 

CAS. 

HAL. 

HAL, MRF, (2). 
HAL, TEK, (2). 
SBC, (2). 

HAL. 



CHL. SCP, WM, WTC. WTH. 

CAS, HCL, WM. 

CAS. 

HCL. 

SCP, WTC, WTH. 

CAS. WM. 

VND. 

WM. 

CMB, SBC, SM, VND. WM. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



11-5 



Section 11 

Table 11-2— Continued 

Plasticizers for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' Identification codes 
Plasticizers statistics 1 (according to list In table 11-3) 

Acyclic plasticizers-Continued Yes 

Stearic acid esters-Continued No 

Sucrose acetate isobutyrate No EKT. 

Tetraethylene glycol di(2-ethylhexanoate) No HAL, UCC, WM. 

Triethylene glycol di(caprylate-caprate) No HAL. 

Triethylene glycol di(2-ethylbutyrate) No HAL 

Triethylene glycol di(2-ethylhexanoate) No EKT, HAL 

2,2,4-Trimethyl-1 ,3-pentanediol diisobutyrate No EKX. 

All other acyclic plasticizers Yes HCL, VND, WM. 

1 Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'yes/ Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'no.' 

2 The manufacturer did not consent to be identified with the designated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



11-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table 11-3 

Plasticizers: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1991 



Code 



Name of company 



Code Name of company 

HPC Hercules, Inc. 

KLM Kalama Chemical, Inc. 

MON Monsanto Co. 

MRF Morflex, Inc. 

NEV Neville Chemical Co. 

NOD Huls America, Inc. 

PAS ELF Atochem North America, Inc. 

RDA Rhone-Poulenc, Inc. 

SBC Scher Chemicals, Inc. 

SC Sterling Chemical, Inc. 

SCP Henkel Corp. 

SM Mobil Oil Corp. Chemical Products Div. 

TEK Teknor Apex Co. 

UCC Union Carbide Corp., Industrial 

Chemicals Div. 

UTC Unitex Chemical Corp. 

VEL Vesicol Chemical Corp. 

VND ISP-Van Dyk, Inc. 

VST Vista Chemical Co. 

WM Inolex Chemical Co. 

WTC WitcoCorp. 

WTH Union Camp Corp., Chemical Div. 



AQU Aqualon Co. 

ART Aristech Chemical Corp. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BOE Boehme Filatex, Inc. 

CAS CasChem, Inc. 

CCL Catawba-Chartab, Inc. 

CHL Chemol Co. 

CMB Cambridge Industries Co. 

EK Eastman Kodak Co.: 

EKT Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 

EKX Texas Eastman Co. Div. 

ENJ Exxon Chemical Americas 

EPI Eagle Picher Industries, Inc. 

FER FerroCorp.: 

Bedford Chemical Div. 

Grant Chemical Div. 

FMB FMC Corp., Chemical Products Group 

FMC FMC Corp., Nitro Div. 

HAL OP Hall Co. 

HCC Hatco Chemical Corp. 

HCL Hoechst Celanese Corp., Sou-Tex 

Works 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



11-7 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Section 12 
Surface- Active Agents 

The surface-active agents included in this report 
are organic chemicals that reduce the surface tension of 
water or other solvents and are used chiefly as 
detergents, dispersing agents, emulsifiers. foaming 
agents, or wetting agents in either aqueous or 
nonaqueous systems. Waxes and products used chiefly 
as plasticizers are excluded. Surface-active agents are 
produced from natural fats and oils, from 
silvichemicals such as lignin, rosin, and tall oil, and 
from chemical intermediates derived from coal tar and 
petroleum. A major part of the output of the bulk 
chemicals shown in this report is consumed in the form 
of packaged soaps and detergents for household and 
industrial use. The remainder is used in the processing 
of textiles and leather, in ore flotation and oil-drilling 
operations, and in the manufacture of agricultural 
sprays, cosmetics, elastomers, foods, lubricants, paint, 
pharmaceuticals, and many other products. 

The statistics for production and sales of 
surface-active agents (table 12-1) are grouped by ionic 
class and by chemical class and subclass. All quantities 
are reported in terms of 100-percent organic 
surface-active ingredients and thus exclude all 
inorganic salts, water, and other diluents. Sales 
statistics reflect sales of bulk surface-active agents 
only; sales of formulated products are excluded. Data 
for the production of surface-active agents during 
1987-91 are shown in figure 12-1. 

Total U.S. production of surface-active agents in 
1991 amounted to 3,379 million kilograms, or 11 
percent less than the 3,795 million kilograms reported 
for 1990. Sales of bulk surface-active agents in 1991 
amounted to 2,028 million kilograms, valued at $2,257 
million, compared with sales in 1990 of 1,930 million 
kilograms, valued at $2,193 million. In terms of 



quantity, sales in 1991 were 5 percent greater than in 
1990. 

Production of anionic surface-active agents in 1991 
amounted to 2,223 million kilograms, or 66 percent of 
the total surfactant output reported for 1991. Sales of 
anionics in 1991 amounted to 1,064 million kilograms, 
valued at $779 million. 

Production of cationic surface-active agents in 
1991 amounted to 300 million kilograms, 13 percent 
less than the 343 million kilograms reported in 1990. 
Production of nonionic surface-active agents amounted 
to 842 million kilograms in 1991, 0.4 percent less than 
the 845 million kilograms reported in 1990. Sales of 
cationic surface-active agents in 1991 decreased by 2 
percent in terms of quantity, but increased by 1 percent 
in terms of value when compared with sales as reported 
in 1990. Sales of nonionics in 1991 increased by 3 
percent in terms of quantity, but decreased by about 2 
percent in terms of value when compared with sales as 
reported in 1990. 

The difference between production and sales 
reflects inventory changes and captive consumption of 
surface-active agents by synthetic rubber producers, 
and by manufacturers of cosmetics, packaged 
detergents, bar soaps, and other formulated consumer 
products. In some instances the difference may also 
reflect quantities of surface-active agents used as 
chemical intermediates, e.g., nonionic alcohol and 
alkylphenol ethoxylates, which may be converted to 
anionic surface-active agents by phosphation or 
sulfation. 

Table 12-2 lists the products reported in this 
section and indicates the manufacturers) of each by 
code. These codes are identified by company name in 
table 12-3. 

Eric Land 
202-205-3349 



12-1 



Section 12 

Figure 12-1 

Surface-active agents: U.S. production, 1987-91 

Billions 

of kilograms 




1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



12-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table 12-1 

Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1991 










Sales 2 




Average 
Unit 


Surface-active agents Production 1 


Quantity 


Value 


value 3 



Grand total 



1,000 

kilograms 

3.379,162 



1,000 

kilograms 

2,027,823 



1,000 
dollars 
2,257,046 



Per 

kilogram 

$1.11 



Amphoteric 

Total 14,633 

(Carboxymethyl)[3-(coconut oil amido)propyl] 

dimethylammonium hydroxide, inner salt 4,421 

(Mixed alkyl) sulfobetaine 284 

All other amphoteric surface active agents 9,928 

Anionic 

Total 2,223,007 

Carboxylic acids (and salts thereof), total 755,420 

Amine salts of fatty, rosin, and tall oil acids 3,257 

Carboxylic acids having amide, ester, or ether linkages 7,244 

Coconut oil acids, potassium salt 1 .755 

Coconut oil acids, sodium salt 78,895 

Oleic acid, sodium salt 96 

Tall oil acids, potassium salt 5,073 

Tallow acids, sodium salt 260,223 

All other carboxylic acids (and salts thereof) 398,877 

Phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esters (and salts 

thereof), total 32,350 

Decyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated 274 

Decyl and octyl phosphate 1 ,027 

Dinonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 490 

2-Ethylhexanol, ethoxylated and phosphated 1 ,194 

2-Ethylhexyi phosphate 350 

Hexyl phosphate 408 

Mixed alkyl phosphate 740 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and 

phosphated 2.556 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 3,976 

9-Octadecenyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated 658 

Phenol, ethoxylated and phosphated 659 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated 5,366 

Ail other phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esters 

(and salts thereof) 14,652 

Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof), total 1 ,000,655 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid 157,205 

Dodecylbenzenesuflonic acid, calcium salt 2,431 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, iscpropylamine salt 4,258 

Dodecylbenzenesuifonic acid, potassium salt 18 

Docecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 216,334 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, triethanoiamine salt 1 ,548 

Ligninsulfonic acid, calcium salt 292,780 

Ligninsulfonic acid, sodium salt 87,816 

Tridecylbenzenesutfonic acid, sodium salt 11 ,738 

Xylenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 34,076 

All other sulfonic acids (and salts thereof) 192,451 



12,125 



31,375 2.59 



3,078 

260 

8,787 



1,064,222 



235,974 



2,872 

6,960 

229 

4,350 

58 

1,385 

17,187 

202.933 



28,138 



16.794 
655,230 



8,056 

722 

22.597 



779,180 



153,148 



4,698 

14,104 

2,404 

4,250 

98 

691 

10,235 

116,668 



2.62 
2.78 
2.57 



.73 

.65 

1.64 

2.03 

10.50 

.98 

1.68 

.50 

.60 

.57 



54,495 1.94 



229 


585 


2.55 


999 


1,494 


1.49 


467 


1,027 


2.20 


1,219 


1,483 


1.22 


295 


531 


1.80 


321 


604 


1.88 


585 


2,338 


3.99 


2.284 


5,464 


2.39 


3.589 


8.695 


2.42 


711 


2,373 


3.34 


645 


1,381 


2.14 


( 4 ) 


( 4 ) 


( 4 ) 



28,520 1.70 
341,682 0.52 



105,201 


83,361 


$.79 


1,743 


5.476 


3.14 


3,937 


6.073 


1.54 


( 4 ) 


( 4 ) 


( 4 ) 


24,997 


40.638 


1.63 


1,531 


2,715 


1.77 


283,561 


31,607 


.11 


87,140 


29,982 


.34 


709 


1,167 


1.65 


29,973 


21,888 


.73 


116.438 


118,775 


1.02 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-3 



Section 12 

Table 1 2-1 —Continued 

Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1991 



Surface-active agents 





Sales 2 




Average 
Unit 


Production 1 


Quantity 


Value 


value 3 


1,000 
kilograms 


1,000 
kilograms 


1,000 
dollars 


Per 
kilogram 


415,629 


125,936 


195.346 


1.55 


261 
2,199 


247 

1,744 


346 
2,446 


1.40 
1.40 


550 


395 


1.415 


3.58 


7,578 
8,724 
49 
12,659 
1,805 
1,746 


6,795 
5,861 
50 
12,004 
1,083 
1,733 


19,417 

12,813 

278 

33,930 

3,580 

3.476 


2.86 
2.19 
5.60 
2.83 
3.30 
2.01 


65.966 

217 

548 

303 

313,024 


( 4 ) 

199 

516 

228 

95,081 


( 4 ) 

661 

559 

199 

116,226 


( 4 ) 
3.32 
1.08 

.87 
1.22 



Anionic— Continued 

Sulfuric acid esters (and salts thereof), total 5 

Butyl oleate. sulfated, sodium salt 

Castor oil, sulfated, sodium salt 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

ammonium salt 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

sodium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, ammonium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, magnesium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

2-Ethylhexyl sulfate sodium salt 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

sodium salt 

Octyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Tall oil. sulfated, sodium salt 

Tallow, sulfated, sodium salt 

All other sulfuric acid esters (and salts thereof) . . 

All other anionic surface active agents 1 8,953 

Cationic 

Total 299,908 

Amines and amine oxides, total 181 ,231 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)(tallowalkyl)amine, 

ethoxylated 

(Coconut oil alkyf) amine 

(Coconut oil alkyljamine, ethoxylated 1 ,684 

N.N-Dimethylhexadecylamine 1 ,286 

N.N-Dimethyloctadecylamine 2,217 

(Hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine 3,296 

1-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nonyl-2-imidazoline 443 

1-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(tall oil alkyl)-2- 

imidazoline 768 

N-Methylbis(coconut oil alkyl)amine ( 4 ) 

Mixed alkyl)amine 2,341 

(Mixed alkyl)amine, ethoxylated 687 

(9-Octadecenylamine 2.909 

(9-Octadecenyl)amine, ethoxylated 1 ,412 

Octadecylamine ( 4 ) 

(Soybean oil alkyl)amine, ethoxylated 895 

(Tallow alkyl)amine, ethoxylated 1 ,961 

N-(Tallow alkyl) trimethy lene diamine, ethoxylated .... 1 ,802 

All other amines and amines oxides 159,530 

Quaternary ammonium salts total 114.284 

Benzyl(coconut oil alkyQdimethylammonium 

chloride 818 

Benzyldimethyl(mixed alkyl)ammonium chloride 6,312 

Benzyldi methyl octadecyl ammonium chloride 366 



18,944 



186,928 



88,994 



1,614 
535 

1,371 
527 

2,131 

1.536 
323 

320 

168 

2.244 

463 

1,732 

1.227 

473 

880 

1,367 

1,214 

70.869 

97,169 



34,509 1.82 



400.744 



178.251 



3.399 
1,358 
2,539 
1,494 
5,412 
2,163 
1,095 

2,407 
236 
3,473 
1,606 
3,223 
2,300 
1,241 
2,730 
3,604 
1,669 
138,302 



2.14 
2.11 



2.11 
2.54 
1.85 
2.84 
2.54 
$1.41 
3.39 

7.52 
1.40 
1.55 
3.48 
1.86 
1.88 
2.62 
3.10 
2.64 
1.37 
1.95 



219,984 2.26 



796 


1,734 


2.18 


4,519 


17,544 


3.88 


271 


1,391 


5.14 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-4 



Table 12-1— Continued 

Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1991 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Surface-active agents 





Sales 2 




Average 
Unit 


Production 1 


Quantity 


Value 


value 3 


1,000 
kilograms 


1,000 
kilograms 


1,000 
dollars 


Per 
kilogram 


1,454 
1.805 


770 
1.572 


1,693 
4,186 


2.20 
2.66 


38.043 

806 

1.093 

63.587 


34,692 

532 

1.045 

52.972 


55,136 

2,337 

2,981 

132,982 


1.59 
4.39 
2.85 
2.51 



Cationic-Continued 

Quaternary ammonium salts-Continued 
Benzyl(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)dimethylammonium 

chloride 

Bis(coconut oil alkyl)dimethylammonium chloride . . . 
Bis(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)dimethylammonium 

chloride 

Hexadecyltrimethylammonium chloride 

Trimethyl(tallow alkyl)ammonium chloride 

All other quaternary ammonium salts 

All other cationic surface-active agents 4,393 

Nonionic 

Total 841,614 

Carboxylic acid amides, total 53,646 

Coconut oil acids, diethanoiamine condensate, 

amine acid ratio = 2/1 1,398 

Coconut oil acids, diethanoiamine condensate, 

amine acid ratio = 1/1 11 .279 

Laurie acid, diethanoiamine condensate, 

amine acid ratio = 1/1 6,621 

Laurie and myristic acids, diethanoiamine 

condensate, amine acid ratio =1/1 670 

Oleic acid, diethanoiamine condensate, 

amine acid ratio = 2/1 73 

Oleic acid, diethanoiamine condensate, 

amine acid ratio = 1/1 111 

Soybean oil acids, diethanoiamine condensate, 

amine acid ratio = 1/1 

Stearic acid, diethanoiamine condensate 

amine acid ratio = 1/1 327 

Tall oil acids diethanoiamine condensate 

amine acid ratio = 2/1 548 

Tall oil acids diethanoiamine condensate 

amine acid ratio = 1/1 73 

Tallow acids, diethanoiamine condensate, 

amine acid ratio = 2/1 122 

All other carboxylic acid amides 32,424 

Carboxylic acid esters, total 155,949 

Anhydrosorbitol monolaurate 3,590 

Anhydrosorbitol mono-oleate 5,056 

Anhydrosorbitol monostearate 8,553 

Castor oil, ethoxylated 12,371 

Diethylene glycol mono-oleate 405 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monolaurate 3,337 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol mono-oleate 4,302 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monostearate 4,480 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol tristearate 298 

Ethoxylated sorbitol monostearate 88 

Ethylene glycol distearate 1,849 

Ethylene glycol monostearate 1 ,896 

Glycerol diester of lard acids 453 



765 



764.548 



44.489 



1.416 

11.313 

6.667 

872 

85 

63 

1.069 

323 

( 4 ) 

( 4 ) 

74 
22,607 

119,417 



2.627 

2.705 

7,063 

10.095 

469 

2.968 

4,225 

4,442 

252 

85 

1,954 

2,009 

( 4 ) 



2.509 3.28 



1.045.747 1.37 



70.590 1.59 



2.385 

14,907 

7,940 

1,985 

189 

182 

2,115 

554 

( 4 ) 

( 4 ) 

160 
40,173 



5,215 

4,787 

11,437 

16.290 

832 

7,626 

8,750 

9.656 

598 

201 

3,235 

3,685 

( 4 ) 



1.94 

1.32 

1.19 

S2.28 

2.21 

2.88 

1.98 

1.72 

( 4 ) 

( 4 ) 

2.16 
1.78 



226,239 1.89 



1.99 
1.77 
1.62 
1.61 
1.77 
2.57 
2.07 
2.17 
2.37 
2.37 
1.66 
1.83 
( 4 ) 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-5 



Section 12 

Table 12-1— Continued 

Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1991 



Surface-active agents 



Sales 2 



Production 1 Quantity 



Value 



Average 

Unit 

value 3 



1,000 
kilograms 

Nonionic-Continued 

Carboxylic acid esters-Continued 

Glycerol mono-oleate 4,454 

Glycerol monostearate 4,392 

Hydrogenated castor oil, ethoxyiated 1 ,414 

Lanolin, ethoxyiated 505 

Polyethylene glycol diester of tall oil acids 3,884 

Polyethylene glycol dilaurate 823 

Polyethylene glycol dioleate 1 ,662 

Polyethylene glycol distearate 910 

Polyethylene glycol monolaurate 3,786 

Polyethylene glycol mono-oleate 2,383 

Polyethylene glycol monopalmitate 111 

Polyethylene glycol monopelargonate 1 ,855 

Polyethylene glycol monostearate 3,113 

Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of tali oil acids ( 4 ) 

Polyglycerol mono-oleate 330 

Tall oil acids, ethoxyiated 391 

All other carboxylic acid esters 79,258 

Ethers, total 622,562 

Decyl alcohol, ethoxyiated 3,711 

Dinonylphenol, ethoxyiated 1 ,705 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxyiated 1,146 

Dodecylphenol, ethoxyiated 2,700 

Hexadecyl alcohol, ethoxyiated 668 

Isodecyl alcohol, ethoxyiated 1 ,385 

Mixed alcohols, ethoxyiated 821 

(Mixed alkyl)phenol-formaldehyde, alkoxylated 9,112 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxyiated 313,982 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxyiated and 

propoxylated 13,597 

Nonylphenol, ethoxyiated 178,422 

Nonylphenol, ethoxyiated and propoxylated 1,246 

Nonylphenol-formaldehyde, alkoxylated 2,127 

9-Octadecenyl alcohol, ethoxyiated 1 ,484 

Octadecyl alcohol ethoxyiated 1 ,299 

Oleyl alcohol, ethoxyiated 728 

Phenol, ethoxyiated 380 

Poly(mixed ethylene, propylene) glycol 4,312 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxyiated 3,775 

Trimethylol propane, alkoxylated 1 ,433 

All other ether ethers and thioethers 78,529 

All other nonionic surface-active agents 9,457 



1,000 
kilograms 



4,305 

3,868 

1,249 

400 

( 4 ) 

758 

659 

856 

3,584 

1,956 

$ 

( 4 ) 

3,039 

473 

304 

350 

58,722 

594,684 



3,579 
1,402 

961 

2,753 

( 4 ) 

1,215 

732 

( 4 ) 
307.589 

12,043 

176,105 

1,318 

1,431 

1,210 

701 

( 4 ) 

1.829 

3.048 

1.433 

77,335 

5,958 



1,000 
dollars 



7,257 

7,368 

2,017 

946 

( 4 ) 
1,168 
1,304 
2.764 
5,560 
3,067 

( 4 ) 

5,278 

1,103 

945 

804 

114,346 



6,009 
2,768 
2,379 
5,385 

( 4 ) 

1,471 

809 

( 4 ) 
306,774 

20,081 

195,210 

3,132 

1,872 
3,431 
1,973 
( 4 ) 
3.880 
4,741 
3,266 
172,606 



Per 
kilogram 



1.69 
1.91 
1.62 
2.36 
( 4 ) 
1.54 
1.98 
3.23 
1.55 
1.57 

( 4 ) 
1.74 
2.33 
3.11 
2.30 
1.95 



735,787 1.24 



1.68 
1.97 
2.48 
1.96 
( 4 ) 
1.21 
1.11 

( 4 ) 
1.00 

1.67 
1.11 
2.38 

1.31 
2.83 
2.82 

( 4 ) 
2.12 
1.56 
2.28 
2.23 



13,131 2.20 



1 All quantities are given in terms of 100 percent organic surface-active ingredient. 

2 Sales include products sold as bulk surface-active agents only. 

3 Calculated from unrounded figures. 

4 Reported data were accepted in confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 

5 Includes all other anionic surface-active agents. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



12-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 12-2 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Surface-active agents statistics 1 (according to list in table 12-3) 

Amphoteric surface-active agents: 

1 ,1 -Bis(caiboxymethyl)-2-undecyl-2-imidazolinium 

hydroxide, disodium salt No PCI. 

1 -Carboxyethyl-1 -(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-heptyl-2- 

imidazolinium hydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium 

salt No RDA. 

N-[2-(Carboxymethylamino)ethyl]-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)- 

coconut oil amide, sodium salt No ETC. 

Carboxymethyl-3-cocoamidopropyl dimethyl ammonium 

chloride, sodium salt No ENJ. 

(Carboxymethyl)[3-(coconut oil amido)propyl]- 

dimethylammonium hydroxide, inner salt Yes BRD, PPG, RDA, SBC, SCP, SHX, WM, 

WTC. (2). 
(Carboxymethyl)dodecyldimethylammonium hydroxide, 

inner salt No RDA. 

1 -Carboxymethyl-2-heptadecyl-1 -(2-hydroxyethyl)-2- 

imidazolinium hydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium 

salt No RDA. 

1 -Carboxymethyl-1 -(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-heptyl-2- 

imidazoliniumhydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium 

salt No RDA. 

1 -Carboxymethyl-1 -(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-nonyl-2- 

imidazolinium hydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium 

salt No RDA. 

1 -Carboxymethyl-1 -(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-undecyl-2- 

imidazolinium hydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium 

salt ..No RDA. 

1 -Carboxymethyl- 1 -(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-undecyl-2- 

imidazoliniumhydroxide, sodium derivative, sodium 

salt No RDA. 

Cocoamidoamphoglycinate No MOA. 

N-Cocoamido-propyl-N,N~dimethylamine oxide No MOA. 

3-Cocoamidopropyl-2-hydroxy-3-sulfopropyldimethyl 

ammonium hydroxide, inner salt ..No SHX. 

Cocoamphocarboxyglycinate No MOA. 

Cocoamphocarboxypropionate No MOA. 

Cocoamphopropionate No MOA. 

3-[(Coconut oil alkyl)amidoethylene-(2-hydroxyethyl)- 

aminojpropionic acid No RDA. 

N,N-di(hydroxyethyl)-n-carboxymethyl tallow ammonium 

quat, inner salt No SHX. 

N,N-Dihydroxyethyl tallow glycinate No MOA. 

N-Dodecyl-3-iminodipropionic acid, disodium salt No MOA, RDA, SCP. 

N-Dodecyl-3-imino-dipropionic acid, monosodium salt ... No RDA. 

1 -Hydroxyethyl-1 -(2-hydroxy-3-sodiumsulfonatopropyl)- 
2-nor-coconut oil fatty acids-2-imidazolinium 

hydroxide No RDA. 

1 -Hydroxyethyl-1 -(2-hydroxy-3-sodiumsulfonatopropyl-2- 

oleyl-2-imidazolinium hydroxide No RDA. 

1 -(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-undecyl-3- 

carboxyethylimidazoline,sodium salt No RDA. 

Isodecyloxypropyliminopropionic acid, monosodium 

salt No ENJ. 

Isonanylamidocaproic acid, triethanolamine salt No RDA. 

Isostearic amphopropionate No MOA. 

Laurylamidopropyl betaine No MOA. 

Laurylamphoglycinate No MOA. 

(Mixed alkyl)sulfobetaine Yes BRD, MOA, SBC, WTC, (2). 

See footnotes at end of table. 



12-7 



Section 12 

Table 12-2— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Surface-active agents 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 12-3) 



MRV. 

BRD, DUP, ENJ, MOA, RDA, SCR 

BRD. SBC. 




Amphoteric-Continued 

Oleamidopropyl betaine No RDA. 

Oleylbetaine No RDA. 

1 -(Sodium catboxymethyl)-1 -(sodium 

carboxymethyleneoxyethylene)-2-nor-(coconutoil 

fatty acids)-2-imidaz6linium lauryl sulfate No RDA. 

N-(Tallow alkyl)-3-iminodipropionic acid, discdium 

salt No MOA, RDA, SCP. 

Tridecyloxypoly(ethyleneoxy)propionic acid, potassium 

salt No 

All other acyclic amphoteric surface-active agents No 

All other cyclic amphoteric surface-active agents No 

Anionic 

Carboxylic acids (and salts thereof): 
Amine salts of fatty, rosin, and tall Oil acids: 

Coconut oil acids, diethanolamine salt No 

Coconut oil acids, ethanolamine salt No 

Coconut oil acids, triethanolamine salt No 

Isostearic acid, mixed isopropanolamines salt No 

Isostearic acid, triethanolamine salt No 

Oleic acid, diethanolamine salt No 

Oleic acid, mixed isopropanolamine salt No 

Oleic acid, morpholine salt No 

Oleic acid, triethanolamine salt No 

Rosin acids, triethanolamine salt No 

Stearic acid, triethanolamine salt No 

Tall oil acids, diethanolamine salt (Condensate) No 

(Tall oil fatty acids), triethanolamine salt No 

Tallow acids, diethanolamine salt No 

Tallow acids, triethanolamine salt No 

All other amine salts of fatty, rosin, and tall 

oil acids No 

Carboxylic acids having amide, ester, or ether 

linkages: 

Butoxy ethylene oxyacetic acid, sodium salt No RDA. 

5(or 6)-Carboxy-4-hexyl-2-cyclohexene-1 -octanoic 

acid, reaction products with castor oil No Q. 

N-(Coconut oil acyl)sarcosine, sodium salt No ENJ, HMP. 

N,N-Dimethyl capramide No PEL 

Dodecyloxypoly(ethyleneoxy)acetic acid, sodium 

salt No RDA 

N-Lauroylsarcosine, sodium salt No HMP. 

N-(Mixed alkylsulfonyl)glycine, sodium salt No HMP. 

Mixed(secondary linear alcohol)polyethylene 

propionic acid, sodium salt No CHP. 

Naphthenic acid, ethoxylated No r). 

Nonylphenol poly(ethyleneoxy)acetic acid, sodium 

salt No BRI. 

Poly(oxy-1 ,2-ethanediyl), w-(2-carboxyethoxy)-w'- 

hydroxy-a, a'-(iminodi-2, 1 -ethanediyl) bis-,N- 

tallow alky) derivs., potassium salt No RDA. 

Tridecyloxypoly(ethyleneoxy)acetic acid, sodium 

salt No FTX. S. 

carboxylic acids with amide, ester or ether 

linkage No BRD, PCI, WM. 

Potassium and sodium salts of fatty, rosin, and 

tall oil acids: 

Alkoxy triacryl titanate No KPI. 

5(or 6)carboxy-4-hexyl-2-cyclohexene- 1 -octanoic 

acid, potassium/sodium salts No f 2 ). 



BRD, PCI, SBP. 

RDA, WPG. 

PNX. WPG. 

SBP 

CPC. ENJ, SBP. (2). 

BRD. WVA, (2). 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 12-2— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Surface-active agents 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 1 2-3) 



Anionic-Continued 

Carboxylic acids (and salts thereof)-Continued 
Potassium and sodium salts of fatty, rosin, and 
tall oil acids-Continued 

Castor oil acids, potassium salt No 

Castor oil acids, sodium salt No 

Coconut oil acids and oleic acid, potassium salt No 

Coconut oil acids, potassium salt Yes 

Coconut oil acids, sodium salt Yes 

Com oil acids, potassium salt No 

Com oil acids, sodium salt No 

Gluconic acid, potassium and sodium salts W/20% 

mix of sodium bisuff ite-formaldehyde No 

Heptanoic acid, potassium salt No 

Isostearic acid, isoproxy titanium salt No 

Laurie acid, potassium salt No 

Mixed vegetable fatty acids, potassium salt No 

Mixed wool grease and tall oil fatty acids No 

Neoalkoxy, trineodecanoyl titanate No 

Neoalkoxy, trineodecanoyl zirconate No 

Oleic acid, potassium salt No 

Oleic acid, sodium salt Yes 

Olive oil acids, potassium salt No 

Palm oil acids, sodium salt No 

Rosin acids, potassium salt No 

Rosin acids, sodium salt No 

Stearic acid, ammonium salt No 

Stearic acid, potassium salt No 

Stearic acid, sodium salt No 

Tall oil acids, potassium salt Yes 

Tall oil acids, sodium salt No 

Tallow acids, potassium salt No 

Tallow acids, sodium salt Yes 

Potassium and sodium salts of fatty 

rosin, and oil acids No 

Other carboxylic acids: 
All other carboxylic acids No 

Phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esters (and salts 
thereof): 
Alcohols and phenols, alkoxylated and phosphated: 

Butyl alcohol, ethoxytated and phosphated No 

Decyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated Yes 

Dinonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated Yes 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated No 

Dodecylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated No 

2-Ethylhexanol and ethoxylated nonylphenol, 

§olyphosphated No 
thylhexanol and ethoxylated nonylphenol, 

polyphosphated, sodium salt No 

2-Ethylhexanol, ethoxylated and phosphated Yes 

2-Ethylhexanol, ethoxylated, phosphated, potassium 

sari No 

Hexylalcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated No 

Isopentyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated No 

Lauryl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated No 



GRL 

DEX, LEA. 

HCL 

CON. ESS, GRL, HEW, HNT, JTM, NMC. 

PG. PNX. 
AGP, BSW, CON, CP, ENJ, HEW, LEV, 

NMC, PG, PNX, (2). 
HNT, MCP. 
NMC. 

HCL. 

ft 

KPI. 

PG. 

CRT, GRL 

SLM. 

KPI. 

KPI. 

BSW, PG, WBG, (2). 

BSW, HNT, NMC, SCP. WBG. 

HNT. 

AGP, BSW, CON, HEW, PG. 

ARZ, ECC. WVA, (2). 

ARZ. SLM. ft. 

BSW. 

CON. SCP. 

HEW. JTM. LEV. PNX. 

CON, DAN, ESS, FER, HNT, JTM. LEA. 

PNX. 

SBP, SCP. WVA, (h: 
NMC, PG, WVA, (2), (2). 
CRT. PG. 
AGP, BSW. CON, CP. HEW, LEV. NMC. 

PG. (2). 

ECC. GAF. PG. SCP, WVA. 

ARZ. BRD. BRI. MOA. SCP. TX, USR. 
WVA. 



RDA. 

MCP. OC. RDA, VKR. 

CPC. ETC, GAF, RDA, WTC. 

CPC, ENJ. GAF, HCL, RDA. VKR. 

DEX, GAF, RDA. 

CCC. 

CCC. 

BRD. CPC. ETC. PPG, SCP. SDC. WTC. 

BRI. 
RDA. 
RDA. 
RDA. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-9 



Section 12 

Table 12-2— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Surface-active agents 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 12-3) 



Anionic-Continued 

Phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esters 
(and salts thereof)-Continued 
Alcohols and phenols, alkoxylated and phosphated 
-Continued 

Mixed linear alcohols, alkoxylated and phosphated, 

potassium salt No 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and 

phosphated Yes 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and phosphated, 

sodium salt No 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated Yes 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated, 

diethanolamine salt No 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated, sodium 

salt No 

9-Octadecenyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated Yes 

Octylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated No 

Phenol, ethoxylated and phosphated Yes 

Polyhydric alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated — No 

Polypropylene glycol, phosphated No 

Tridecyl alchol, ethoxylated and phosphated, 

polyalkylene polyamine salt No 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and phosphated Yes 

Tridecyl alcohol ethoxylated and phosphated, 

potassium salt No 

Tridecylphenol, ethoxylated and phosphated No 

All other alcohols and phenols, alkoxylated 

and phospated or polyphosphated No 

Alcohols, phosphated or polyphosphated: 

Butyl phosphate No 

Butyl phosphate, potassium salt No 

Decyl and octyl phosphate Yes 

Decyl polyphosphate, sodium salt No 

1 ,2 Ethanediol phosphate No 

Ethanol, 2,2',2"-nitrilotris-tris(dihydrogen 

phosphate)ester, disodium salt No 

Ethyl alcohol, phosphated, amine salt No 

2-Ethylhexyl phosphate Yes 

2-Ethylhexylphosphate, potassium salt No 

2-Ethylhexyl phosphate, sodium salt No 

2-Ethylhexyl polyphosphate, sodium salt No 

Hexadecyldiphosphate No 

Hexadecylmonophosphate No 

Hexyl phosphate Yes 

Hexyl phosphate, potassium salt No 

Isooctyl phosphate No 

Isooctyl phosphate, potassium salt No 

Isopropyl phosphate No 

Methylbutyl pyrophosphate, ethylenedioxy titanium 

salt No 

Mixed alkyl phoshate, sodium salt No 

Mixed alkyl phosphate Yes 

Mixed alkyl phosphate, alkylamine salt No 

Mixed alkyl phosphate, diethanolamine salt No 

Mixed alkyl phosphate, potassium salt No 



PCI. 

BAS, CRD, CRT, EFH, ENJ, ESS, ETC, 
FER, GAF, HCL, HRT, MOA, MRV, RDA. 
TMH, WTC, (2). 

CHP 

ARL, BRD, CPC, DEX, ESS, ETC, GAF, 
GDC, 

OMC. 

WTC. 

ETC, GAF, HCL, RDA, WTC. 

RDA, WTC. 

ETC, HDG, MOA, PPG, WTC. 

ETC, RDA. 

BAS, TMH. 

ft- 

BRD, CPC, DAN, DEX, ETC, GAF, MIL, 
RDA, VKR, WTC. 

DEX. 
TCC. 

ETC, GAF, RDA, SCP, TCC. 

HRT, TCC. 

DUP. 

ENJ, ETC. HCL, SCP. 

CRD. 

I 2 ). 



fit 



CHP, ETC, FER, OC. OMC, RDA, SOS. 

PCI. 

CHP, DAN, ENJ, PAT, S. 

DEX, GAF. 




HCL. WTC, ft. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 12-2— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Surface-active agents 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 12-3) 



Anionic-Continued 

Phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esters 
(and salts thereof)-Continued 
Alcohols, phosphated or 
polyphosphated-Continued 

Mixed alkyl phosphate, triethanolanine salt No 

Neoalkoxy tris(dioctyl) pyrophosphate) zirconate — No 

Octyl diphosphate, oxoethylene titanium salt No 

Octyl phosphate No 

Octyl phosphate, alkylamine salt No 

Octyl phosphate, isoproxy titanium salt No 

Octyl phosphate neoalkoxy titanium salt No 

Octyl polyphosphate No 

Octyl polyphosphate, potassium salt No 

Octyl pyrophosphate, ethylenedioxy titanium salt ... No 

Octyl pyrophosphate, isoproxy titanium salt No 

Octyl pyrophosphate neoalkoxy titanium salt No 

Octyl pyrophosphate, oxoethylenedioxy titanium 

salt No 

N-2(C-5 to C-17)alkylamido-N-carboxyethyl,N-2- 

hydroxyetmyl, 3-amino-2-mydroxypropyl phosphate, 

disodium salt No 

Tridecyl phosphate No 

All other phosphated and polyphosphate 

alcohols . . No 

Other phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esters: 

Blend of fatty and phosphate esters No 

Glycerol, ethoxylated and phosphated No 

Glycerol monoester of mixed fatty acids, 

phosphated No 

Octadeclyamine, ethoxylated and phosphated, 

sodium salt No 

All other phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid 

esters No 

Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof): 
Alkylbenzenesulfonat.es: 
Dodecylbenzenesulfonates: 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid Yes 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, (Mixed alkyl)amine 

salt No 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt No 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, calcium salt Yes 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, diethanolamine 

salt No 

Dodecylbenzene sulfonic acid, DMAP salt No 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, isopropanolamine 

salt Yes 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, isopropylamine 

salt No 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, monoethanolamine 

salt No 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, potassium salt Yes 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt Yes 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, triethanolamine 
salt Yes 



ft. 
KPI. 
KPI. 
ENJ, GAR 

KPI. 

KPI. 

DEX. 

DEX. 

KPI. 

KPI. 

KPI. 

KPI. 



MOA. 
HCL. 

ETC, SOS. 

MIL 
ft. 

WTC. 
GDC. 
BRD, ENJ, SCP, WTC. 



ENJ, JLP, LEV, NPR, PIL, SCP, STP, TEN, 
VST, WTC, ft. 

JLP.TMH, ft. 

ft. ft- 

HCL, ICI, RH. STP, TMH, WTC. ft. 

RDA. 
WTC. 

PIL 

ECC, ICI, KPI, NES, PPG, RDA, STP, 
WTC. ft. 

ESS, PCI. 

BRI, ESS, LEA, ft. 

BLA. BOE, BRI, CP, CPC. DOW, ECC. 
JTM. LEA, LEV, NES. PCI. PG. PIL, 
PNX, RDA, STP, TEN, VST, WTC, ft. 

BRD, BRI, CCC. CPC, ESS. NES, PCI. 
PPG, RDA. SCP. STP. WTC. ft. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-11 



Section 12 

Table 12-2— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Surface-active agents statistics 1 (according to list in table 12-3) 



Anionic-Continued 

Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof)-Continued 
Alkylbenzenesulfonates-Continued 
Dodecylbenesulfonates— Continued 
Other alkylbenzenesulfonates-Continued 

All other dodecylbenzene sulfonates No BAS, ENJ, PG. 

Other alkylbenzenesulfonates: 

Benzene sulfonic acid No WTC. 

2.4-Didodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, ammonium 

salt No (2). 

Didodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt No ENJ. 

[Mono-(6io-i ")alkyl derivatives]benzenesulfonic 

acid, ammonium salt No (2). 

Neoalkoxy, dodecylbenzene-sulfonyl titanate No KPI. 

Oxirane, methyl-, polymer with oxirane, 

didodecylbenzenesuKonate No f 2 ). 

Tridecylbenzenesulfonic acid No STP. 

Tridecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt Yes BLA, CMT, CP, CPC, STP. 

Benzene-, cumene-, toluene-, and xylenesulfonates: 

Cumenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt No NES, STP. 

Cumenesulfonic acid, sodium salt No NES, STP. 

Toluenesulfonic acid, potassium salt No NES. 

Toluenesulfonic acid, sodium salt No NES, PG, VST. 

Toluene xylene sulfonic acid No WTC. 

Xylenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt No NES, STP. 

Xylenesulfonic acid, potassium salt No DUP. 

Xylenesulfonic acid, sodium salt Yes ICI. NES, PIL, SDC, STP. WTC. 

All other benzene-, cumene-, toluene-, and 

xylenesulfonates No SCP. 

Ligninsulfonates: 

Ligninsulfonic acid, aluminum salt No DUP. 

Ligninsulfonic acid, ammonium salt No MAR, PSP, RAY. 

Ligninsulfonic acid, calcium salt Yes FPC, MAR, PSP. 

Ligninsulfonic acid, chromium salt No PSP, RAY. 

Ligninsulfonic acid, iron salt No MAR, PSP. 

Ligninsulfonic acid, manganese salt No MAR. 

Ligninsulfonic acid, mixed chromium and iron 

salts No PSP. 

Ligninsulfonic acid, mixed salt No LKY. 

Ligninsulfonic acid, sodium salt Yes ENJ, MAR, PSP, RAY, WVA. 

Ligninsulfonic acid, zinc salt No MAR, PSP. 

All other ligninsulfates No ETC. 

Naphthalenesulfonates: 

Butylnaphthalenesulfonic acid No DUP. 

Butylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt No ECC, SCP. 

Di(C5-C6 alkyl)naphthalenesulfonic acid No f 2 ). 

Diisopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt No DUP, SCP. 

Methylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt No CPC. SCP. 

NaphthalenesuHonic acid, bis(l-methylethyl)-, 

compounded with cyclohexanamine (1 :1) No (2). 

Naphthalene sulfonic acid, sodium salt, 

formaldehyde condensate No ICI. 

All other naphthalenesulfonates No HAL, SCP, WTC. 

Sulfonic acids having amide linkages: 
Sulfosuccinamic acid derivatives: 
N-[Coconut oil alkyl]sulf osuccinamic and 

disodium salt No WPG. 

N-(1 ,2-Dicarboxyethyl)-N- 
octadecylsulfosuccinamic acid, tetrascdium 
salt No ACY. DUP. MOA. 



See footnotes at end of table. 
12-12 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 12-2— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Surface-active agents 



Separate Manufacturers' Identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 12-3) 



Anionic-Continued 

Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof)-Continued 
Sulfonic acids having amide linkages-Cont 
Sulfosuccinamic acid derivatives-Cont. 

N-Octadecylsulfosuccinamic acid, disodium salt No 

Oleamidosulfosuccinamic acid, disodium salt No 

N-(Oleoyloxyisoprcpyl)sulfosuccinamic acid No 

All other sulfosuccinamic acid derivatives No 

Taurine derivatives: 
N-(Coconut oil acyl)-N-methyltaurine, sodium 

salt No 

N-Methyl-N-oleoyttaurine, sodium salt No 

N-Methyl-N-(tall oil acyl)taurine, sodium salt No 

All other sulfonic acids having amide linkages: 

All other sulfonic acids having amide linkages No 

Sulfonic acids having ester or ether linkages: 
Sulfosuccinic acid esters: 
Sulfosuccinic acid, bis(diisobutyl)ester, 

amidodisodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, bis(2,6-dimethyl-4-heptyl)- 

ester, sodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, bis(2-ethylhexyl)ester, 
sodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, dihexyl ester, sodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, diisodecyl ester, sodium 

salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, diisooctyl ester, sodium 

salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, dioctyl ester, sodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, dipentyl ester, sodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, ditridecyl ester, sodium 

salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, (lauryl polyethylene glycol 

ether) ester, disodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, (coconut oil alkyl)- 

iminoisopropanol half-ester, sodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, lauramidomonoethanoiamine, 

disodium salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, monolaureth ester, disodium 

salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid myristyi ester disodium 

monoethanolamine salt No 

Sulfosuccinic acid, oleamidopolyethylenegiycol, 

disodium salt No 

All other sulfosuccinic acid esters No 

All other sulfonic acids having ester or ether 

linkages: 
Coconut oil acids, 2-suifoethyl ester, sodium 

salt No 

Dodecyldiphenyloxidedisulfonic acid No 

Dodecyldiphenyloxidedisulfonic acid, disodium 

salt No 

n-Octylphenol, ethoxylated and sulfonated, 

sodium salt No 

All other sulfonic acid with ester linkages No 

All other sulfonic acids with ether linkages No 



ACY, HIP. 
SBC. 
WTC. 
DUP, SCP. 



FTX, RDA. 

CPC, FTX, HCL. RDA. 

CCC, DUP, FTX, RDA, WVA. 

HCL. 



MOA. 
MOA. NSC. 

ACY, AMU. APX. BRI, CCC. CHP. ECC. 

ENJ. FTX. HCL, MCP, MOA, WPG. 

WTC. 
ACY. FTX. MOA. 

FTX. 

ARI, MIL, SCP, SHX. 

MOA. 

ACY. 

ACY. MOA. 

SHX. 

MOA. 

RDA. 

MOA. RDA. 

WTC. 

MOA. 

FTX, MOA. RDA, SCP, WTC. 



FTX. LEV. 
ft. 

PIL, RDA, (2). 

APX. 
GAF 
PG, PPG. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-13 



e ; 



Section 12 

Table 12-2— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Surface-active agents statistics 1 (according to list In table 12-3) 

Anionic-Continued 

Sulfonic acids (and salts thereof)-Continued 
Sulfonic acids having ester or ether linkages-Cont. 
Other sulfonic acids: 

Ally! sulfonate, sodium salt No ARD. 

Mixed alkane sulfonic acid, sodium salt No STP, WTC. 

Mixed linear olefin sulfonate No RDA, STP, WVA. 

n-Octanesuffonic acid, sodium salt No 

Oleyloxyethyldiamide oxypropanot sulfonic acid No 

Petroleumsulfonic acid, water soluble 

(Acid layer), sodium salt No PIL 

All other sulfonic acids No CLU, HAL 

Sulfuric acid esters (and salts thereof): 
Acids, amides, and esters, sulfated: 
Coconut oil acids-ethanolamine salt, sulfated, 

potassium salt No ENJ. 

Mixed alkyl phenol sulfate, ethoxylated, 

triethanolamine salt No MIL 

Carboxylic acid esters (except natural fats and 
oils), sulfated: 
Esters of sulfated oleic acid: 

Butyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt Yes ICI, MCP, MRV. NSC. 

Isopropyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt No DEX. 

Methyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt No ICI. 

Oleic acid, sulfated No ACT. 

Propyl oleate, sulfated, sodium salt No MRV. 

All other esters of sulfated oleic acid No SCR 

Other sulfated esters: 

Tall oil acids, sulfated, sodium salt No ICI. 

Alcohols, sulfated: 

Decyl and octyl sulfate, sodium salt No DUP, STP, WTC. 

Decyl sulfate, sodium salt No ARI, SCR 

Dodecylsulfate salts: 

Dodecyl sulfate, ammonium salt Yes BRD, LEV, RDA. SCP, STP, TNI. 

Dodecyl sulfate, diethanolamine salt No BRD. DUP, STP. 

Dodecyl sulfate, N,N-diethylcyclohexylamine 

salt No DUP. 

Dodecyl sulfate, magnesium salt Yes BRD, RDA, STP. 

Dodecyl sulfate, sodium salt Yes BRD, DUP, RDA, SCP. STP. 

Dodecyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt Yes BRD, RDA, SCP, TNI. 

3,9-Diethyl-6-tridecyl sulfate, sodium salt No NCC. 

2-Ethylhexyl sulfate, sodium salt Yes NCC, PCI, RDA. SCP. WTC. 

7-Ethyl-2-methyl-4-undecyl sulfate, sodium salt No NCC. 

Hexadecyl sulfate, sodium salt No RDA, STP. 

Hexyl sulfate, potassium salt No DEX. 

All other linear alcohols, sulfated No BRD, PG, RDA. SCP. 

Mixed linear alcohols, sulfated, ammonium salt No CP, S, SCP. WTC, (*). 

Mixed linear alcohols, sulfated, diethanolamine 

salt No WTC. 

Mixed linear alcohols, sulfated, sodium salt No CP, DUP, PG. SCP. WTC. 

Mixed linear alcohols, sulfated, triethanolamine 

salt No SCP, WTC. 

Octyl sulfate, sodium salt Yes ARC, DUP, RDA, SCP. WTC. 

Oleyl sulfate, sodium salt No DUP. RDA. 

Oxoalcohol bottoms, sulfated, sodium salt No WVA. 

Tridecyl sulfate, sodium salt No RDA. 

All other alcohols and phenols, sulfated No BRD. RDA. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



12-14 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 12-2— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Surface-active agents 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 12-3) 



Anionic-Continued 

Sulfuric acid esters (and salts thereof)-Continued 
Alcohols, sulfated-Continued 

Ethers, sulfated: 
Alkylphenols, ethoxyiated and sulfated: 
1-Naphthol, ethoxylated and sulfated, free acid ... No 
Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and sulfated, ammonium 

salt No 

Octylphenol, ethoxylated and sulfated, sodium 

salt No 

All other sulfated cyclic ethers No 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

ammonium salt Yes 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, sodium 

salt Yes 

Dodecyl and tetradecyl alcohols, ethoxylated and 

sulfated, ammonium salt No 

2-Hexyloxypropyl sulfate, sodium salt No 

Isobutanol, ethoxylated and sulfated, ammonium 

salt No 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

ammonium salt No 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and sulfated, 
sodium salt Yes 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and sulfated, 

sodium salt No 

All other sulfated ethers No 

Natural fats and oils, sulfated: 
Castor oil, sulfated, sodium salt Yes 

Coconut oil, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Cod oil, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Cod oil, sulfated, sodium salt NO 

Grease, other than wool, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Herring oil, sulfated No 

Herring oil, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Hydrogenated marine glycerides, sulfated, sodium 

salt No 

Lard, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Mixed animal and vegetable oil, sulfated, sodium 

salt No 

Mixed fish oils, sulfated, ammonium salt No 

Mixed fish oils, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Mixed vegetable oils, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Mixed vegetable oils, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Neat's foot oil, sulfated, sodium salt No 

Soybean oil, sulfated, sodium salt No 

All other sulfated animal fats and oils No 

Ail other sulfated fish and marine fat oils No 

Synthetic fatty alcohol ester, sulfated, sodium 

salt No 

Tall oil, sulfated, ammonia salt No 

Tall oil, sulfated, sodium salt Yes 

Tallow, sulfated, sodium salt Yes 

All other vegetable oils, sulfated No 

All other sulfuric acid esters No 

Other anionic surface-active agents: 

Lignin, sodium salt No 



SCP. 

GAF, RDA, STP. 

RDA, STP. 

BRD, RDA, SCP, WTC. 

BRD, MOA, RDA, SCP, TNI. 

BRD, RDA, SCP. 

PG, RDA, SCP, STP, VST, WTC, f 2 ). 

DUP, PG, PIL, RDA, SCP, STP, VST, WTC, 
WVA. 

BRD, RDA 
BRD. 

ACT, ACY, ARI, ARL, CRT, DEX, HIP, LEA, 

MRV, S, SCP, SLM, WHW. 
WHW. 
ARI. 
WHW. 
WHW. 
SLM. 
ARI, SLM, WHW. 

CRT. 

CIN.CRT. DUP.WHW. 

SLM. 

CIN. 

CRT, SLM, WHW. 

CRT. 

CPC 

ARI, WHW. 

ACT. SCP, WHW. 

WHW. 

WHW. 

SLM. 

CIN. 

ACT, ARI, CIN, CRT, WHW, WTC. 

ARI, CCC, CRT, NSC, WHW. 

CRT, SCP. 

BRD, SCP. 

WVA. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-15 



Section 12 

Table 12-2— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Surface-active agents 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 12-3) 



Anionic-Continued 

Sulfuric acid ester (and salt thereof )-Corrtinued 

Mixed alpha-olefins and vegetable No 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and carbonated, 

sodium salt No 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and carbonated, sodium 

salt No 

Stearoyl isolactylate No 

Stearoyl iso-lactylate, sodium salt No 

Stearoyl-2 lactylate, calcium salt No 

Stearoyl lactylate, mixed sodium and calcium salt No 

Stearoyl lactylate, sodium salt No 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and carbonated, 

sodium salt No 

All other anionic surface-active agents No 

Cationic surface-active agents: 
Amine oxides and oxygen-containing amines (except 

those having amide linkages): 



SLM. 

S. 

WTC. 

BFP. 

BFP. 

BFP. 

BFP. 

BFP. 

S. 

DUP, MOA, WVA 



Acyclic: 

3-(C12-15 alkyloxy)-1-propanamine No 

Amides from C- 18 unsaturated fatty acid dimers 

and polyhexamethylenepolyamines, ethoxylated — No 

Bis-(2-hydroxyethyl)isodecyloxypropylamine oxide No 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)octadecylamine No 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)(tallow alkyl)amine Yes 

Cocoamidopropyl dimethyl amine No 

(Coconut oil alkyt)amine, ethoxylated Yes 

(Coconut oil alkyl)amine, ethoxylated, acetate No 

Coconut oil(alkyl)amine, ethoxylated and 

phosphated No 

Diethylenetriamine, alkoxylated No 

N,N-Dimethyldecylamine oxide No 

N,N-Dimethyldodecylamine oxide No 

N,N-Dimethylhexadecylamine oxide No 

N,N-Dimethyl(mixed alkyljamine oxide No 

1 ,2-Ethanediamine, N-(2-aminoethyl)-, ethoxylated 

and propoxylated No 

Ethylenediamine, alkoxylated No 

Ethylene diamine ethoxlated No 

Hexyloxypropyl amine No 

(Hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine, ethoxylated No 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-N,N',N'-tris(2-hydroxypropyl)- 

ethylenediamine No 

2-lmidazoline-1-(2-aminoethyl)-2-(tall oil alkyl), 

ethoxylated No 

Isodecyloxypropylamine No 

Isodecyloxypropylamine, ethoxylated No 

3-(3-lsodecyloxy)propylaminopropyl amine No 

N-lsodecyloxypropyl trimethylene diamine No 

lsopropoxy-tris(2-ethylenediamino)ethyl titanate No 

Isotridecyloxypropylamine No 

N-lsotridecyloxypropyl trimethylene diamine No 

3-fMixed alkoxyjpropylamine, ethoxylated oxides No 

3-(3-Mixed alkoxy)propylaminopropyl amine No 

(Mixed alkyl)amine, ethoxylated Yes 

Neoalkoxy, tri(m-amino)-phenyl titanate No 

Neoalkoxy, tris(m-amino) phenyl zirconate No 



ENJ. 

ARC. SHX. 

ARC, ENJ, HCL, JTO. SHX. 

ARC, BAS, ENJ. ETC, ICI, PPG, SHX, 

SVC, WTC, (2). 
PG,(2). 



BRD, PPG, SCP. 
ARC, PPG. 
S. 



DUP, ENJ. 

ENJ, ETC, SHX. WTC. 

ft. 



3ix 



ENJ. 

SHX. 

ENJ. 

KPI. 

ENJ. 

ENJ. 

SHX. 

SHX. 

BRD, ICI. 

KPI. 

KPI. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-16 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 12-2— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Surface-active agents 



Separate Manufacturers' Identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 12-3) 



Cationic-Continued 

Amine oxides and oxygen-containing amines (except 
those having amide linkages)-Continued 
Acyclic-Continued 

Neoaikoxy, tris (ethylene diamino) zirconate No 

§i-Octadecenyl)amine, ethoxylated Yes 

ctadecylamine, ethoxylated No 

Octyldimethylamine oxide No 

Polyalkylene polyamine, ethoxylated No 

(Soybean oil alkyl)amine, ethoxylated Yes 

(Tallow alkyl)amine, ethoxylated Yes 

(Tallow alkyl)amine, propoxylated No 

N-(Tallow alkyl)trimethylenediamine, ethoxylated — Yes 

[Tallow ethyl alkyl]amine, ethoxylated, sulfate No 

N.N,N',N'-Tetrakis(2-l-lydroxyethyl)ethylenediamine. 

propoxylated No 

N,N,N',N'-Tetrakis(2-hydroxypropyl)- 

ethylenediamine, propoxylated and ethoxylated ... No 

3-(3-Tridecyloxy)propylaminopropyl amine No 

Tridecyl-3-(trimethyleneamine), ethoxylated No 

Triethanolamine, ethoxylated No 

Triethanolamine phosphate ester No 

Amine oxides and oxygen-containing amines 

(except those with amide linkages), acyclic No 

Cyclic: 

Aniline, ethoxylated No 

2-Butenedioic acid-(^)-diamine - 1 -(2-aminoethyl)- 

2-(tall oil alkyl)-2-imidazoline condensate No 

2,5-Dimethoxyaniline, ethoxylated No 

N-Hexadecylmorpholine No 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-1 ,2-diphenylethylenediamine ... No 

1-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nonyl-2-imidazoline Yes 

1-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(coconut oil alkyl)-2- 

imidazoline Yes 

1-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(tall oil alkyl)-2- 

imidazoline No 

1-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-(tall oil alkyl)imidazoline, 

fatty acid salt No 

Lignin amine No 

Rosin amine, ethoxylated No 

Tall oil fatty acids, compound with 

polyethylenepolamine-tall oil fatty acid 

reaction products No 

All other amine oxides and oxygen-containing amines 

(except those having amine linkages), cyclic No 

Amines and amine oxides having amide linkages: 
Carboxylic acid - diamine and polyamine condensates: 
Acetic acid, amides with polyalkylene polyamines, 

salt No 

Amides from C-is No 

Amides from C-18 unsaturated fatty acid dimers 

and polyhexamethylenepolyamines No 

2-Butenediamide, (E)-, N,n'-bis[2-(4,5-dihydro-2- 

nortall oil alkyl)-iH-imidazol-1 -yl)ethyl]- 

derivatives No 

Caprylic acid tetraethylene-pentamine 

condensate No 



KPI. 

ARC, ETC, GAF. RDA, SHX, WTC, ( 2 ). 

ARC, ETC. WTC. 

HNT. 

BAS 

ARC, ENJ, ETC, JTO, RDA, SHX, SVC, 



,RC, 



ARC. BAS, ENJ, HCL, PPG, S, SCP, SHX. 

WTC. ft. 
SHX 

ARC. ENJ, ETC, JTO. (2). 
RDA. 

HCL. 

BAS, ETC. 

SHX. 

JTO. 

MIL, RSA, SCP. 

ARC, BRD, ENJ, ETC, MOA. PG, RDA, 
SCP. SHX. TNA, (2). 



MIL 

MIL 

BRD. 

BRD RDA 

MOA. RDA. SHX. VKR, WTC. 



BRD. FTX. MOA. 
HDG, MOA. RDA, (2). 



WW 



i/A. 
HPC, (2). 

BRD, RDA, (2). 



ft- 

ft- 
ICI. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-17 



Section 12 

Table 12-2— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Surface-active agents statistics 1 (according to list in table 12-3) 



Cationic-Continued 

Amines and amine oxides having amide linkages-Continued 
Cyclic-Continued 

Coconut oil acids-N.N-dimethyltrimethylenediamine 

condensate No ENJ, SCP. 

C-18 Fatty acids, unsaturated compounds, with 

polyethylene-polyamines-tall oil fatty acid 

reaction products No f 2 ). 

1 H-lmidazole-1 -ethanamine, 4,5-dihydro-, 2- 

nortall-oil alkyl derivatives, acetates No f 2 ). 

N,N'-(lminodi-2,1-ethanediyl)bis-tali oil fatty 

amides No f 2 ). 

Mixed fatty acids-poiyalkylenepolyamine 

condensate No JTO. 

Naphthenic acids-polyalkylene polyamine 

condensate No f 2 ). 

Naphthenic acids-tall oil fatty acids- 
polyalkylene polyamine condensate No J 2 ). 

2-Nor-tall oil alkyl- 1 -tall oil amido-ethyl 

imidazoline No SHX. 

Oleic acid-1 -(2-aminoethyl)piperazine 

condensate No ARC. 

Oleic acid-N, N-dimethyltrimethytenediamine 

condensate No CCW. 

Pelargonicadd-tetraethylenepentamine 

condensate No ETC, ICI, OC. 

Stearic acid-diethylenetriamine condensate No ARC, OC, RDA, S, SCP, SQA. 

Stearic acid-diethylenetriamine condensate, ethyl 

sulfate No GDC. 

Stearic acid - ethyienediamine condensate No CLD, SOS. 

Stearic acid mixed amine condensate No HCL 

Stearic ackJ-tetraethylenepentamine condensate No f 2 ). 

Tall oil acids/aminoethytpiperazine condensate No ENJ. 

Tall oil acids-diethylenetriamine condensate No SCP. WTC, WVA. 

Tall oil acids-polyalkylenepolyamine condensate .... No FER, JTO. WVA, f 2 ). 

Tail oil acids-polyalkylene polyamine condensate, 

salts, with dodecylbenzene sulfonic acid and/or 

tall oil fatty acids No r 2 ). 

Tall oil fatty acids, reaction products with 

diethylenetriamine acetates No f 2 ). 

Tallow fatty acids-aminoethylethanolamine 

condensates No OC. 

All other carboxylic acid-diamine and polyamine 

condensates No ARI, BRD. RDA, WVA, f 2 ). 

Carboxylic acid - diamine and polyamine condensates, 

alkoxylated: 
Mixed fatty acids-alkylenediamine condensate, 

polyethoxylate No WTC. 

Stearic acid-ethylenediamine condensate, 

monoethoxylated No APC, DEX, GDC, ICI. 

All other carboxylic acid-diamine and polyamine 

condensates alkoxylated No SCP, TMH. 

Other amines and amine oxides having amide linkages: 

3-Cocoamido-N,N-dimethyl propylamine oxide No f 2 ). 

Cocoamidopropyl dimethyl amine oxide No PAT, SBC. 

N,N'-(Di-tall oil acid)amidoethylamine No (2). 

1-(2-Hydrogenated tallow amidoethyl)-2- 

nor(hydrogenated tallow)-2-imidazoline No SHX. 

3-Lauramido-N,N-dimethylpropylamine oxide No DAN. SQA 

Stearamidoethykjiethylamine No S 



See footnotes at end of table. 
12-18 






Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 12-2— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

Surface-active agents statistics 1 (according to list in table 12-3) 

Cationic-Continued 

Other amines and amine oxides having amid linkages 
-Continued 

Stearamidoethylethanolamine acetate No S. 

Stearic acid-N-(2-cyanoethyl)diethylenetriamine 

condensate (Amine/acid ratio = 1/2) No ICI. 

Stearic acid, diethanolamine condensate, methyl 

sulfate No DUP, PCI. 

Stearylamidopropyldimethyl amine No RDA. 

Amines, not containing oxygen (and salts thereof): 
Amine salts: 

(Coconut oil alkyl)amine acetate No ENJ, (2). 

N,N-Dimethyl-N-alkylamine phosphate No 

(Hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine acetate No 

Hydrogenated tallow diethyl enetriamine 

condensate No CRT. 

' (Mixed alkyl)amine phosphate No (2). 

Octadecylamine acetate No ARC 

(Tallow alkyl)amine acetate No ARC, SHX. 

N-(Tallow alkyl)trimethylenediamine acetate No ARC. 

N-(Tallow alkyl)trimethylenediamine oleate No ARC. 

All other amine salts (Not containing oxygen) No ARC, JTO. 

Diamines and polyamines: 

Imidazoline derivatives: 
1-(2-Aminoethyl)-2-nor(tall oil alkyl)-2- 

imidazoline No WTC, f 2 ). . 

N-(Coconut oil alkyl)trimethylenediamine No ARC, JTO, SHX. 

N-(Dimeracidalkyl)trimethylenediamine No ENO. 

Dimer diamine No SHX. 

N-(Mixed alkyl)polyethylenepolyamine No CCW. 

Mustard seed oil fatty acids diethylenetriamine, 

phosphate salt No CRT. 

N-(9-Octadecenyl)trimethylenediamine No ARC, JTO, SHX, WTC. 

Polyalicyclene polyamines and salts and quats No Q. 

1 -Propanamine, 3-(Ci2-C 15 alkoxy derivatives) No SHX. 

N-(Soybean oil alkyl)tnmethylenediamine No ENO, WTC. 

Stearamidoethyl-2-heptadecyl imidazoline No ICI. 

N-Qallow alkyl)dipropylenetriamine No ARC, ENJ. 

N-(Tallow alkyl)trimethylenediamine No ARC, ENJ. JTO, SHX. 

All other diamines and polyamines No ARC, ENO, JTO, f 2 ). 

Primary monoamines: 

Arachidylbehenylalkyl amine No ENO. 

(Coconut oil alkyl)amine Yes ARC, ENO, JTO, SHX, WTC. 

Dimeracidalkyl amine No ENO, WTC. 

Dodecylamine No ARC, JTO, SHX. 

[Erucyl alkyl]amine No ENO. 

Hexadecylamine No ARC, ENO, WTC. 

(Hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine Yes ARC, ENO, JTO, SHX, WTC. 

(Mixed alkyl)amine Yes ARC, JTO. SHX. 

9-Octadecenylamine Yes ARC, ENO, JTO, SHX, WTC. 

Octadecylamine Yes ARC, ENO, JTO. 

(Soybean oil alkyl)amine No ARC, ENO, JTO, WTC. 

(Tallow alkyl)amine No ENJ, ENO, JTO. SHX. 

All other primary monoamines No ARC, WTC. 

Secondary and tertiary monoamines: 

Bis(coconut oil alkyl)amine No ARC. 

Bis(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine No ARC, ENO. WTC. 

N,N-Didecylmethylamine No SHX. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



12-19 



Section 12 

Table 12-2— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Surface-active agents 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 12-3) 



Cationic-Continued 

Amines not containig oxygen (and salt thereof) 

-Continued 
Secondary and tertiary monoamines-Continued 

N,N-Dimethyl(coconut oil alkyl)amine No 

N,N-Dimethyldodecylamine No 

N,N-Dimethylhexadecylamine Yes 

N,N-Dimethyl(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine No 

N,N-Dimethyl(mixed alkyl)amine No 

N,N-Dimethyl(9-octadecenyl-alkyl)amine No 

N,N-Dimethyloctadecenylamine No 

N,N-Dimethyloctadecylamine Yes 

N,N-Dimethyl(soybean oil alkyl)amine No 

N,N-Dimethyltetradecylamine No 

N-Methylbis(coconut oil alkyl)amine Yes 

N-Methylbis(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)amine No 

N-Methyldioctadecylamine No 

Triisodecylamine No 

Trilaurylamine No 

Tri(mixed alkyl)amine No 

Trioctylamine No 

All other secondary and tertiary monoamines No 

Oxygen-containing quaternary ammonium salts: 

p-Alanine-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-N-2,1- 
oxococoyl amino ethyl, sodium salt No 

2-(C 13 - 17 Alkyl)-1-(C-i4~i8 amidoethyl)(4,5-dimydro- 
3-methyl)imidazolinium, methyl sulfate No 

(2-Aminoethyl)ethyl(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)(2- 
hydroxyethyl)ammonium ethyl sulfate No 

Benzyl(coconut oil alkyl)bis(2-hydroxyethyl)- 
ammonium chloride No 

1 -Benzyl-2-heptadecyl-1 -(2-hydroxyethyl)-2- 
imidazolinium chloride No 

1-Benzyl-1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(coconut oil alkyl) 
-2-imidazolinium chloride No 

1-Benzyl-1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(tall oil alkyl)-2- 
imidazoline No 

Benzyl(tallowalkyl)bis(2-hydroxyethyl)ammonium 
chloride No 

Bis(N-amidopropyl)-N,N-dimethyl-N-ethylammonium 
ethyl sulfate, dimer acid No 

Bis(N, N 1 -ethyl(stearic/arachidic/behenic)amide)- 
cyanoethyl ethylammonium ethosulfate No 

Bis(2-hydroxyethyl, ethoxylated)- 
methyloctadecylammonium chloride No 

Bis-2-hydroxyethyl-hydrogenated tallow-ethyl 
sulfate No 

Bis-2-hydroxy ethyl -octyl-methyl-p-toluene 
sulfonate No 

(Coconut oil alkyl)bis(2-hydroxyethyl, ethoxylated) - 
methylammonium chloride No 

(Coconut oil alkyl)-bis-(hydroxyethyl)methyl 
ethoxylated mono-(2-carboxyethyl)ether methyl 
sulfate, potassium salt No 

Distearyldimethyl ammonium methosulfate No 

Ethoxylated(hydrogenated tallow amine), methyl 
ammonium chloride No 

Ethoxylated, quatemized(C12-18 alkyl) oxypropyl 
trimethylene diamine No 



ARC, EFH, JTO. 

ARC, SHX, TNA. 

ARC, BRD, SHX, TNA. 

ARC, CPC 

ARC, TNA. 

ENO. 

WTC. 

ARC, ENO, SHX. TNA, WTC- 

ARC, JTO. 

SHX, TNA. 

ARC. JTO, SHX. 

ARC, SHX. 

ARC. 

SCP. 

SCR 

SHX. 

SCP, SHX. 

ARC, ENO, TNA, WTC. 



SHX. 

DOW, SVC. 

OC. 

ft. 

HDG. 

EFH. 

ft. 

DUP. 

SBC. 

PCI. 

SHX. 

ICI. 

HXL. 

ENJ, SHX. 



SVC. 

HXL. 



ENJ. 
ENJ. 



See footnotes at end of table. 
12-20 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 12-2— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1991 



_ . Separate Manufacturers' Identification codes 

Surface-active agents statistics 1 (according to list in table 12-3) 



Cationic-Continued 

Oxygen-containing quaternary ammonium salts-Continued 

Ethoxylated, quatemized reaction product of 

formaldehyde and tallow diamine No ENJ 

N-Ethyl-N,N-bis(polyoxyethylene)tallow ammonium 

ethyl sulfate No SHX 

1 -Ethyl-2-(8-heptadecenyt)-1 -(2-hydroxyethyi)-2- 

imidazolinium ethyl sulfate No ICI SHX 

N-Ethyl-N-hexadecylmorpholinium ethyl sulfate No BRD ICI 

N-Ethyl-N-(soybean oil alkyl)morpholinium ethyl 

sulfate No ICI 

a-Gluconamidopropyl dimethy-2-hydroxyetriyl ammonium 

chloride N VND. 

(2-Hydroxyethyl)dimethyl(3-stearamidopropyl)- 

ammonium nitrate No ACY. 

Hydroxyethyl-2-undecyl-2,3-imidazoline ..'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'..'. No MOA 

N-2-hydroxy propyl-n-methyl-N.n-bisftallow amide 

ethyl] ammonium ethyl sulfate No SHX 

Imidazolinium, 1 -carboxymethyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 - 

(hydroxyethyl)-2-nor(cocoalkyl), hydroxides, 

monosodium salts No gHX 

(3-Lauramidopropyl)trimethylammonium 

methyl sulfate No ACY 

Methyl, bis-(2-hydroxyethyl) hydrogenated tallow 

alkylammonium chloride No FMi 

Methyl, bis-(2-hydroxyethyl) 

isodecyloxypropylammonium chloride No ENJ 

Methyl, bis-(2-hydroxyethyl) 

isotridecyloxypropylammonium chloride No ENJ 

Methyl, bis-(2-hydroxyethyl) soyaalkylammonium 



chloride 



No ENJ. 



Methyl-ditallowimidazolinium methosulfate No SVC 

1 -Methyl-2-(8-heptadecenyl)-1 -(9-octadecenyl)amido 

ethyl No SHX 

Methyl(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)diethylamine 

condensate, polyethoxylated, methyl sulfate No SVC 

1 -methyl-2-nor-tallow-1 -[2-tallow amidoethyll- 

imidazoliniummethyl sulfate No SHX 

N-Methyl-N-polyoxyethylene-N,N-bis(hydrogenated' " 

tallow amidoethyl)ammonium No SHX 

N-Methyl-N-polyoxyethylene-N.N-bis(tallow 

amidoethyl) No SHX 

Methyltallowdiethylenetriamine condensate, 

polyethoxylated, methyl sulfate No SVC 

Methyltallowdiethylenetriamine condensate, " 

polypropoxylated, methyl sulfate No SVC 

Mixed(coco and soya fatty acids), reaction products 

with chloromethane and diethylenetriamine, 

ethoxylated, quatemized No ENJ 

Mixed fatty acid amide with diethylene 

triamine/ethyl sulfate No EFH 

N-C^ecyl-N,N-di(2-hydroxyethyl)-N-methylammonium 



chloride 



No SHX. 



Phosphonic acid, [1,2- 
ethanediylbis[nitrilobis(methylene)]]tetrakis-, 
ammonium salt No f 2 ) 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-21 



Section 12 

Table 12-2— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Surface-active agents 



Separate Manufacturers' Identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list In table 12-3) 



Cationic-Continued 

Oxygen-containing quarternary ammonium salts- 
Continued 
Quaternary ammonium salts— Continued 

Phosphonic acid, [nitrilotris(methylene)]-tris-, 

ammonium salt No 

Phosphonic acid, [nitrilotris(methylene)]-tris, 

sodium salt No 

Polyethoxy methylstearyl ammonium chloride No 

Poly(oxyethanyl, 2-diyl)-di-[2-[2-bis(2-aminoethyl)- 

methylamiumethyl]- No 

Polypropoxy diethylmethyl ammonium chloride No 

1 -Propanaminium, N-ethyl-N,N-dimethyl-3-[(1 - 

oxooctadecyl)amino]-, ethyl sulfate No 

Soya fatty acids, reaction products with 

chloromethame and diethylenetriamine, ethoxylated, 

quatemized No 

Soya fatty acids, reaction products with 

chloromethane and diethylenetriamine, 

propoxylated, quatemized No 

Stearamidopropyldimethylceterylammoniumtosylate 

and propylene glycol No 

Stearylamidopropyl dimethyl myristyl acetate 

ammonium chloride No 

Tallow alkyl)ethoxylated, ethyl sulfate No 

Tallow amine, ethoxylated, quarternary ammonium 

salt No 

All other oxygen-containing quaternary ammonium 

salts (except those having amide linkages) No 

All other quaternary ammonium salts having 

amide linkages No 

Quaternary ammonium salts, not containing oxygen: 

Acyclic: 

Bis(coconut oil alky1)dimethylammonium 

chloride Yes 

Bis(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)dimethylammonium 

chloride Yes 

Bis(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)- 

dimethylammoniummethyl sulfate No 

Bis(tallow alkyl)dimethylammonium chloride No 

N-(Cocoamidopropyl; N,N-acetic acid) 

ammonium salt No 

Cocodimethyl ethyl ammonium ethyl sulfate No 

N-[(Coconut oil alkyl)amino]butyric acid, sodium 

salt No 

Didecyldimethylammonium chloride No 

Dimethyldi(C12-18)ammonium chloride (mixed 

straight and branched chains) No 

Dimethyldioctadecylammonium choride No 

Dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide No 

Dodecyltrimethylammonium chloride No 

Ethyldimethyl(mixed alkyl)ammonium 

ethyl sulfate No 

Hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide No 

Hexadecyltrimethylammonium chloride Yes 

Hexane-1,6-bis(tributylammonium bromide) No 

(Hydrogenated tallow alkyl)trimethylammonium 

chloride No 

Lauryl pyridinium chloride No 

Methyl-1-tallowamidoethyl-2-tallowimidazolium- 

methyl sulfate No 



a c . 

SVC. 
WTC. 

SBC. 

ENJ. 

ENJ. 

VND. 

VND. 
SVC. 

DUP, VND. 

ARC, BRD, ENJ, ETC, SBC. SCP. SDC. 
SHX, WTC, (2), ( 2 ). 

BRD, ENJ, MIL. 



ARC, ENJ, JTO, PPG, SHX. 

ARC, ENO, SHX, WTC. 

ARC, SHX. 
SHX. 



IL 



ARC, JTO, PPG, SHX. 
BRD, HNT. 

SHX. 
SHX. 
RSA. 
ARC. BRD, SHX. 

BRD, DEX. 

ARC. 

ARC, BRD, SHX. 

HXL. 

ARC, SHX. 
WTC. 

CRD. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-22 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 12-2— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Surface-active agents 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 12-3) 



Cationic-ContJnued 

Quaternary ammonium salts, not containing oxygen 
-Continued 
Acyclic-Continued 

Methyl tri(C9-10)ammonium chloride No 

Methyltrioctylammonium chloride No 

Methyltris(mixed alkyl)ammonium chloride No 

N,N,N\N',N'-Pertame%l-N-(tallowalky!)- 

trimethylene-bis[ammonium chloride] No 

Stearyl pyridium chloride No 

Trihydrogenated tallow ammonium chloride No 

Trimethyl(mixed alkyl)ammonium chloride No 

Trimethyloctadecylammonium chloride No 

Trimethyl (soybean oil alkyl)ammonium chloride No 

Trimethyl(taJlow alkyl)ammonium chloride Yes 

All other quaternary ammonium salts, not 

containing oxygen acyclic No 

Benzenoid: 

Benzyl(alkylpyridinium)chloride No 

Benzyl(cocoamidopropyl)dimethyl 

ammonium chloride No 

Benzyl(coconut oil alkyl)dimethylammonium 

chloride Yes 

Benzyldimethyl(mixed alkyl)ammonium 

chloride Yes 

Benzyldimethyloctadecylammonium chloride Yes 

Benzyl dimethyl oleyl ammonium chloride No 

Benzyldimetftyl(tallow alkyl)ammonium chloride No 

Benzyldimethyltetradecylammonium chloride No 

Benzyldodecyldimethylammonium chloride No 

Benzylhexadecyldimethylammonium chloride No 

Benzyl(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)dimethylammonium 

chloride Yes 

Benzyl-methyl-bis(hydrogenatedtallow)ammonium 

chloride No 

Benzyl(mixed alkyl)pyridinium chloride No 

Benzyl picolinium chloride No 

Benzyltrimethylammonium chloride No 

Butyl picolinium bromide No 

1-Dcdecylpyridinium chloride No 

(Ethylbenzyl)dimethyl(mixed alkyl)ammonium 

chloride No 

Octadecyl-dibenzyltrimethyl-1 ,3-propane 

diammonium chloride No 

1 -Phenethyl-2-picolinium bromide No 

All other quaternary ammonium salts not 

containing oxygen cyclic No 

Other cationic surface-active agents: 

All other cationic surface-active agents No 

Nonionic surface-active agents: 
Carboxylic acid amides: 
(amine/acid ratio = 2/1): 

Capric acid (Ratio =2/1) No 

Castor oil acids (Ratio = 2/1) No 

Coconut oil acids (Ratio = 2/1) Yes 

Coconut oil and tallow acids (Ratio = 2/1) No 

Lard oil acids No 



SHX. 
SCR 
HMR 

SHX. 

WTC. 

ENO. 

ARC, BRD. 

ARC, SHX. 

JTO. 

ARC, ENO, JTO, SHX, WTC. 

ARC, BRD, DUP. MOA, SHX. 

C 2 ). 

ft- 

ARC, ENJ, ENO. GDC, HRT, WTC, (2). 

BRD, CRD, HNT, PPG, SHX, STP, TCC, 

BRD, PPG. RDA, SHX, TNI. 

RDA. 

BOE, ENO, WTC. 

BRD. 

HIP. 

BKM. 

ARC, ENO, SHX, WTC. 

ENO. 

&a 

HIP, RSA, TCC. 

HXL. 

DAN. 

BRD, HNT, STP. 

GDC. 
HXL. 

ARC. BRD, (CI, RDA. WTC. ( 2 ). 

ARC, ARI, BRI. JTO, MOA, PPG, RDA, S, 
WM. WTC, WVA. 



SCP 

NSC, RDA. 

ARD, ARL, BRI, CCC, CON, CRT, ECC, 

EFH, ETC, HNT, MCP, MOA. MRV. NES. 

PPG. RDA, SBC, SCP, SHX, WPG, . . . 

WTC. 
ENJ, MOA, SBC, UNN. 
FER. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-23 



Section 12 

Table 12-2 — Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Surface-active agents 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 12-3) 



Nonlonlc-Continued 

Carboxylic acid amides-Continued 
Other amine/acid ratios-Continued 

Laurie acid (Ratio = 2/1 ) No 

Laurie and myristic acids (Ratio = 2/1 ) No 

Linoleic acid (Ratio - 2/1) No 

Mixed carboxylic acids No 

Mixed fatty acids, neutralized No 

Oleic acid (Ratio = 2/1) Yes 

Stearic acid (Ratio = 2/1 ) No 

Tall oil acids (Ratio = 2/1) Yes 

Tallow acids (Ratio = 2/1) Yes 

All other diethanolamine condensates 

(Amine/acid = 2/1 ) No 

Other amine/acid ratios: 

Capric acid (Ratio=1/1 ) No 

Coconut oil acids (Ratio = 1/1 ) Yes 

Lard oil acids (ratio = 1/1 ) No 

Laurie acid (Ratio = 1/1 ) Yes 

Laurie and myristic acid (Ratio = 1/1 ) Yes 

Linoleic acid (Ratio = 1/1 ) No 

Mixed carboxylic acids No 

Mixed fatty acids camine/acid ratio =1/1 No 

Myristic acid (Ratio = 1/1) No 

Oleic acid (Ratio - 1/1) Yes 

Palm kernel oil acids (Ratio = 1/1) No 

Rapeseed acids (ratio = 1/1 ) No 

Soybean oil acids (Ratio = 1/1 ) Yes 

Stearic acid (Ratio = 1/1 ) Yes 

Tall oil acids Yes 

Tallow acids No 

Diethanolamine condensates, amine/acid, 

ratio = 1/1 No 

All other carboxylic acid amides: 

All other alkanolamine condensates No 

All other carboxylic acid - alkanolamine 

condensates No 

All other carboxylic acid-diamine and polyamine 

condensate No 

All other diethanolamine condensate No 

All other ethanolamine condensates, amine/acid, 

ratio = 1/1 No 

All other ethanolamine condensates, amine/acid, 

ratio = 2/1 No 

Coconut oil acids (Ratio = 1/1 ) No 

Coconut oil acids (Ratio = 2/1 ) No 

Coconut oil acids No 

Coconut oil acids-dimethylaminopropylamine 

condensate (amine/acid ratio = 1/1 No 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, monoethanolamine 

condensate No 

Hydrogenated tallow acids, (Ratio = 2/1 ) No 

Hydrogenated tallow amides, ethoxylated No 

Hydrogenated tallow glycerides diethylenediamine 

condensate No 



CRD. 

CRD, MOA, SBC. 

MOA. 

SOS. 

FTX. 

EFH, LEA, MOA, RDA, SBC, WTC. 

BRD, OC, RDA. 

BRI, ECC, PPG, SBC, WVA. 

ICI, MOA. 

ARZ, MOA, RDA, SHX. 

MOA. 

ARD, BRD, CPC, CRT. ESS, ETC, FTX, 

HNT, HRT, JRG, MOA, PIL, QCP. 

RDA, SBC, SCP, SHX, TMH, VND, 

WTC, ( 2 ). 
FER. 
MOA, RDA, SBC, SCP, SHX, TNI. 

WTC. 
BRD, FTX, MOA, RDA, SBC. 
SBC, VND. 
SOS, WTC. 
RDA, WTC. 
MOA. 

DAN, EFH, MOA, RDA, SBC. 
SVC, TMH. 
EFH. 

MOA, RDA, SBC. 
ECC, ENJ, ETC, HIP, MRV, WTC. 
EFH, ESS, (2). 
MOA. 

BRD, MOA. 

SCP, ( 2 ). 

SCP. 

HIP. 

EFH, SCP, SHX. 

BRD. 

SHX 

FTX,' MOA, RDA. SOS, STP. 
ENJ, MOA, NSC, SCP. 
DAN, PAT, PPG. 

( 2 ). 

WPG. 
PCI. 

LEA. 



See footnotes at end of table. 
12-24 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 12-2— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Surface-active agents 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics' 1 (according to list in table 1 2-3) 



Nonionic-Continued 

Carboxylic acid amides-Continued 

All other carboxylic acid amides 
Hydrogenated tallow glycerides diethylenetriamine 

condensate No 

Isonanoic acid, mono- and triethanolamine salt No 

All other isopropanolamine condensates No 

Isostearic acid, aminoethylethanolamide, acetate 

salt No 

Laurie acid No 

Laurie acid (Ratio = 1/1) No 

Laurie and myristic acids No 

Laurie and myristic acids (Ratio = 1/1) No 

Mixed fatty acids, diethanolamine condensate No 

Stearic acid (Ratio = 1/1) No 

Stearic acid (Ratio = 2/1) No 

Stearic acid aminoethanolamine (amine acid ratio 

= 1.0/1.65) No 

Stearic acid-N-aminoethyl ethanolamine 

condensate No 

Stearic acid-ethylenediamine condensate 

amine/acid ratio=1/2 No 

Stearic acid monoethanolamine condensate No 

Tall oil acids-dimethylamine condensate (Amine 

acid ratio = 1/1) No 

Tall oil fatty acids (ratio = 1/2) No 

Tall oil fatty acids (ratio = 2.7/1) No 

Tall oil fatty acids (ratio = 1.5/1) No 

Tall oil fatty acids-triethanolamine condensate No 

Tallow, n-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl (amine/acid 

ratio=1/3) No 

All other carboxylic acid amides No 

Carboxylic acid esters: 
Anhydrosorbitol esters: 

Anhydrosorbitol dioleate No 

Anhydrosorbitol monoester of tall oil acids , No 

Anhydrosorbitol monolaurate Yes 

Anhydrosorbitol mono-oleate Yes 

Anhydrosorbitol monopalmitate No 

Anhydrosorbitol monostearate Yes 

Anhydrosorbitol sesquioleate No 

Anhydrosorbitol triester of tall oil acids No 

Anhydrosorbitol trioleate No 

Anhydrosorbitol tristearate No 

All other anhydrosorbitol esters No 

Diethylene glycol esters: 

Diethylene glycol monoester of coconut oil acids No 

Diethylene glycol monoester of tall oil acids No 

Diethylene glycol monoester of tallow acids No 

Diethylene glycol monolaurate No 

Diethylene glycol mono-oleate Yes 

Diethylene glycol monostearate No 

Diethylene glycol sesquiester of tall oil acids No 

All other diethylene glycol esters No 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol esters: 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol monolaurate Yes 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbitol mono-oleate Yes 



HRT 
HCL. 
SBC, VND. 

PCI. 

MOA, NSC. 
RDA. 
RDA. 

MOA, STP. 
WTC. 
MOA. 
ECC. 

CHP. 

BOE. 

SLC 
VND, WTC. 

BKM. 
EFH. 
EFH. 
EFH. 
ft. 

PAT. 

BRD, MOA. (2). 



ICI. 

HDG. 

BRD, HDG, ICI. PPG. 

BRD, HDG. ICI. PPG. SCP. 

BRD. ICI. PPG. 

BRD. HDG, ICI. PPG. 

BRD. HDG. 



BR 



BRD. ICI. PPG. 
BRD, PPG 
PG. 

BRD. 

BKM. 

ENJ. 

ECC, HDG. PPG. 

BRD. SCP. SHX. (2). 

BRD. ECC. HDG. RDA 

ECC, WVA. 

ft. 

BRD, ETC, HDG, ICI, PPG, SVC. 
BRD, ETC, HDG. ICI. PPG. SVC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-25 



Section 12 

Table 12-2— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Surface-active agents 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 1 2-3) 



Nonionic-Continued 

Carboxylic acid esters-Continued 
Ethoxylated anhyrosorbitol esters-Continued 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbrtol monopalmitate No 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbrtol monostearate Yes 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbrtol trioleate No 

Ethoxylated anhydrosorbrtol tristearate Yes 

All other ethoxylated anhydrosorbrtol esters No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol esters: 

Ethoxylated sorbitol beeswax ester No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol hexaester of tall oil acids No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol hexaoleate No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol lanolin ester No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol mono-oleate No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol monopalmitate No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol monostearate Yes 

Ethoxylated sorbitol oleate, acetylated No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol pentalaurate No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol tetraester of lauric and 

oleic acids No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol tetraester of tall oil acids No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol tetraoleate No 

Ethoxylated sorbitol tetrastearate No 

Ethylene glycol esters: 

Ethylene glycol distearate Yes 

Ethylene glycol monostearate Yes 

Ethylene glycol sesquistearate No 

Ail other ethylene glycol esters No 

Glycerol esters: 
Complex glycerol esters: 
Glycerol mono- and diesters of mixed fatty 

acids No 

Glycerol monoester of mixed fatty acids, 

acetylated No 

Glycerol monoester of mixed fatty acids, 

succinylated No 

All other complex glycerol esters No 

Glycerol esters of chemically defined acids: 

Glycerol dilaurate No 

Glycerol monocaprylate No 

Glycerol monolaurate No 

Glycerol mono-oleate Yes 

Glycerol monoricinoleate No 

Glycerol monostearate Yes 

Glycerol trioctanoate/decanoate No 

Glycerol trioleate No 

All other glycerol esters of chemically defined 

acids No 

Glycerol esters of mixed acids: 

Glycerol diester of lard acids Yes 

Glycerol monoester of C 8 -Ci acids No 

Glycerol monoester of cottonseed oil acids No 

Glycerol monoester of hydrogenated cottonseed 

oil acids No 



ICI. PPG. 

BRD, ETC, HDG, ICI, PPG. 

BRD, ETC, HDG. ICI, PPG. 

BRD, ICI, PPG. 

BRD. 

ICI. 

BRD, PPG. 

ETC. ICI. 

ICI. 

CPC, ICI. 

HIP. 

CPC, HIP, NSC. 

ICI. 

NSC. 

ICI. 

WTC, (2). 
ICI. 
ICI. 

BRD. ENJ. HDG, PPG, RDA. STP, WM. 

WTC. 
BRD. HDG, PPG, RDA, SCP, STP, VND, 

WM.WTC. 
JTO, VND. 
BAS. VND. 



ICI. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

BRD, LEV, SCP. 

HIP, STP, VND. 

SVC. 

BRD, HDG. 

BRD, EFH. ETC, HAL, HDG, PPG, SCP, 

STP, SVC, WTC. 
BRD, HDG. 
BRD, CCC, CHL, CPC. CRT. HAL. HDG. 

PPG. SCP. SQA. STP. VND. WM. WTC. 
WM. 
SVC. 

BRD, SCP. SVC. VND. 

BRD. SVC. WPG. 

SVC. 

EKT. 

EKT. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-26 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 12-2— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Surface-active agents 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 12-3) 



Nonionic-Continued 

Carboxylic acid esters-Continued 
Glycerol esters-Continued 
Glycerol esters of mixed acids— Continued 

Glycerol monoester of hydrogenated lard 

acids No 

Glycerol monoester of hydrogenated soybean oil 

acids No 

Glycerol monoester of lard acids No 

Glycerol monoester of mixed vegetable oil acid ... No 

Glycerol monoester of palm oil acids No 

Glycerol monoester of safflower oil acids No 

Glycerol monoester of tall oil acids No 

Glycerol monoester of tallow acids No 

Glycerol sesquiester of hydrogenated tallow 

acids No 

Glycerol Wester of mixed fatty acids No 

All other glycerol esters of mixed acids No 

Natural fats and oils, ethoxylated: 
Castor oil, ethoxylated No 

Coconut oil, ethoxylated No 

Hydrogenated castor oil, ethoxylated Yes 

Lanolin, ethoxylated Yes 

Mixed fatty acids, alkyl ether, ethoxylated No 

Mixed tall oil and rosin acids, ethoxylated No 

Tall oil acids, ethoxylated Yes 

Tall oil acids, ethoxylated and propoxylated No 

Tall oil, refined, ethoxylated No 

All other natural fats and oils, ethoxylated No 

Polyethylene glycol esters: 
Polyethylene glycol esters of chemically defined 
acids: 

Polyethylene glycol dilaurate Yes 

Polyethylene glycol dioleate Yes 

Polyethylene glycol distearate Yes 

Polyethylene glycol monocaprylate No 

Polyethylene glycol monolaurate Yes 

Polyethylene glycol mono-oleate Yes 

Polyethylene glycol mono-oleate, ethoxylated No 

Polyethylene glycol monopalmitate Yes 

Polyethylene glycol monopelangonate, 

methoxylated No 

Polyethylene glycol monopelargonate Yes 

Polyethylene glycol monoricinoleate No 

Polyethylene glycol monostearate Yes 

Polyethylene glycol monotallate No 

Polyethylene glycol sesquinoleate No 

Polyethylene glycol terephthalate No 

All other polyethylene glycol esters of 

chemically defined acids No 



EKT. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

BFP. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

EFH, FER. 

EKT. 

PCI. 
SVC. 
BFP, BRD, EKT, ETC. 

CAS. CPC, CRD, ETC, GAF, HCL, HIP, 
ICI, MIL, NSC PPG, RDA, S, SCP, SVC, 
TMH, WTC, P). 

SVC. 

ETC, ICI, MIL. PPG, RDA, SCP. 

CRD, ETC, HCL, RDA, SVC. ( 2 ). 

?)■ 

HCL. 

FER, HCL, HIP, RDA. 

RDA, (2). 

ei 

BAS, BRD, CRD, ETC, HDG, MIL, SCP. 



BRD, EFH. ETC, HDG, PPG. STP. WM. 
BRD. EFH, HAL, HDG, OC, PPG, QCP. 

SCP, SOS, STP. 
BRD, HDG, HIP, PPG, RDA, STP. 
ECC. 
BRD. CCA, ECC. EFH, ETC, HAL, HDG, 

ICI. PPG, RDA. STP. 
BOE. BRD, CCA, ECC. EFH, ETC, GDC, 

HAL, HCL, HDG, MIL. MRT, MRV, OC, 

PPG, SHX, STP, SVC, TMH, WTC. f 2 ). 
ICI. 
ETC. HCL, ICI, RDA. 

RDA. 

ETC, SOS. 

ECC. 

BRD, CPC, ETC, GDC, HDG, HIP. ICI, OC, 

PPG. RDA. SCP, STP, SVC. VND. (2). 
CCC. PPG. 
SOS. 
BOE. PCI. 

ARC, CCA, ETC, HCL, MIL 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-27 



Section 12 

Table 12-2— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Surface-active agents 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 12-3) 



Nonionic-Continued 

Carboxylic acid esters-Continued 
Polyethylene glycol esters-Continued 
Polyethylene glycol esters of chemically 
defined acids-Continued 

Polyethylene glycol esters of mixed acids: 
Polyethylene glycol diester of coconut oil 

acids No 

Polyethylene glycol diester of coconut oil and 

oleic acids No 

Polyethylene glycol diester of mixed liner 

acid/oleic acid No 

Polyethylene glycol diester of tail oil acids Yes 

Polyethylene glycol ester of mixed fatty acids No 

Polyethylene glycol monoester of coconut oil 
acids No 

Polyethylene glycol monoester of tall oil acids No 

Polyethylene glycol (mixed ester) of tall oil 
acids No 

Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of coconut oil 
acids No 

Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of tall oil 
acids Yes 

Polyethylene glycol sesquiester of tallow 
acids No 

All other polyethylene glycol esters of mixed 

acids No 

Polyglycerol esters: 

Decaglycerol No 

Decaglycerol tetraoleate No 

1 ,2-Ethanediamine, N,N'-bis(2-aminoethyl)-, 

polymer with methyloxirane and oxirane No 

1 ,2-Ethanedimine, N,N'-bis(2-aminoethyl)- 1 

polymer with methyloxirane No 

Hexaglycerol No 

Mixed oleic, lauric, stearic, and palmitic 

hexaglycerol esters No 

Polyglycerol distearate No 

Polyglycerol mono-oleate Yes 

Polyglycerol monostearate No 

Polyglycerol tetraoleate No 

All other polyglycerol esters No 

Propanediol esters: 
1 ,3-Propanediol, 2-amino-2-(hydroxymethyl)-, 

polymer with oxirane No 

1 ,3-Propanediol, 2-amino-2-(hydroxymethyl)-, 

polymer with oxirane and methyloxirane No 

1 ,2-Propanediol dioctanoate/decanoate No 

1 ,2-Propanediol monolaurate No 

1 ,2-Propanediol mono-oleate No 

1 ,2-Propanediol monostearate No 

All other propanediol esters No 

Other carboxylic acid esters: 

Cholesterol isostearate No 

Di-isobutylene maleate No 

Ethoxylated 1 ,3-butylene glycol condensed with 

oil fatty aci Ethoxylated 1 ,3-butylene glycol 

stearate No 



PPG. 
EFH. 
PCI. 



ARI, BRD, CCC, EFH, ETC, HIP, PPG, 

QCP, (2). 
SHX, SOS. 



ICI. 

BKM. EFH, WPG. 

CRT. 

ENJ, SCP 

SLM, WTC, (2). 

PAT 

BOE, BRD, ETC, LEA, SCP, ft. 

SVC. 
SVC. 

ft. 

ft. 

SVC. 

SVC. 

BRD. 

BRD, HDG, PPG, SVC, WTC. 

BRD, HDG, SVC. 

PPG. 

BRD. 



ft. 

&q 

SBC, STP. 

EFH, HAL. 

BRD, EKT, HAL, PPG, SBC, STP. WM. 

SCP. 

HIP. 
RH. 



HCL 



See footnotes at end of table. 
12-28 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 12-2— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Surface-active agents 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 12-3) 



Nonionic-Continued 

Carboxylic acid esters-Continued 
Other carboxylic acid ester— Continued 

Ethoxylated glycerol and propylene glycol esters 

of coco fatty acids No 

Ethoxylated glycerol sesquiester of mixed fatty 

acids No 

Ethoxylated 1 ,2-propanediol monostearate No 

Linoleic acid dimers, alkoxylated No 

Maleic anhydride, polypropylene glycol copolymer . . No 

Methylglucoside laurate No 

Mixed alkyl benzoate No 

Mixed alkyl stearate No 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated, coconut oil esters No 

Oleic acid, N-octyl ester No 

Pentaerythritol stearate No 

Pentaerythritol tetraoleate No 

Pentaerythritol tetrapelargonate No 

Polyalkylene glycol oleate No 

Polycarboxylic acid, alkylate No 

Polycarboxylic acid, alkylphenoxyalkoxylate No 

Propylene glycol esters of hydrogenated palm 

oil No 

All other carboxylic acid esters No 

Ethers: 

Benzenoid ethers: 
Alkylphenol-formaldehyde condensates 

alkoxylated No 

Amylphenol-formaldehyde, alkoxylated No 

Bisphenol A, ethoxlated and propoxylated No 

Bisphenol a, ethoxylated No 

Bisphenol-A, propoxylated No 

P-tert-Butylphenol-formaldehyde, alkoxylated No 

Diisobutylphenol, ethoxylated No 

Dinonylphenol, ethoxylated Yes 

Dodecylphenol, ethoxylated Yes 

Epichlorohydrin bisphenol A, ethoxylated No 

Furfuryl alcohol, ethoxylated No 

Iso-octylphenol, ethoxylated No 

(Mixed alkyl)phenol epichlorohydrin-formaldehyde, 

alkoxylated No 

(Mixed alkyl)phenol-formaldehyde, alkoxylated Yes 

Naphthalene sulfonic acid, polymer with 

formaldehyde and 4,4'-dihydroxydiphenyl 

sulfone No 

Naphthalene sulfonic acid, polymer with 

formaldehyde, sodium salt No 

p-Naphthol, ethoxylated No 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated Yes 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated, phosphate esters No 

Nonylphenol, ethoxylated and propoxylated Yes 

Nonyl phenol, ethoxylated with mixed fatty acids — No 

Nonylphenol-formaldehyde, alkoxylated Yes 

Nonylphenoxy ethoxycocoate No 

Nonylphenoxypoly(ethyleneoxy)ethyl iodide No 

n-Octylphenol, ethoxylated No 



SVC. 

BRD, SHX. 

HDG, ICI. 

ft. 

PCI. 

HDG, PPG. 

APC. 

SOS. 

CRT. 

HIP. 

PPG, SCP. 

PPG. 

HIP. 

SOS. 



PG, VND. 

ARI. BRD, CHP, EFH, ETC, MOA, PPG, 
SCP, SVC, WM, WPG, ft. 



BAS, ETC, WTC, ft, ft. 

ft. 

PPG. 

PPG. 

PPG. 

&k 

CPC, ETC, GAF, NSC, PPG, RDA, S, 

WTC, ft. 
MON, RDA, SCP, TMH, WTC. 

Bo. 

BAS, GAF, PPG, RH, TMH. 

ft- 

ENJ, HCL, WTC, ft, ft. 



PCI. 

PCI. 

BAS 

ARC, BAS, BRD, CPC. DUP, ENJ, ETC, 
GAF, HCL, HDG, ICI, MIL, MOA, MON. 
NSC, OMC, PPG, RDA, S, SCP, STP, 
TMH, TX, UCC, WPG, WTC, ( 2 ), ft. 

OMC. 

ETC, RDA, STP, TMH, WTC. 

SOS. 

BAS, ft, ft. 

AMU. 

RDA. 

RDA, SCP, TMH. WTC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-29 



Section 12 

Table 12-2— Continued 
Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Surface-active agents 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 12-3) 



Nonionic-Continued 

Ethers-Continued 
Benzenoid ethers-Continued 

tert-Octylphenol-formaldehyde, ethoxylated No 

Phenol, ethoxylated Yes 

Phenol-formaldehyde resin (with lignite) No 

p-Phenylphenol, alkoxylated No 

Phenylstyrene, ethoxylated No 

Poly[oxy(methyl-1 ,2-ethanediyl)], a-hydro- No 

Tridecylphenol, ethoxylated No 

All other phenols, ethoxylated No 

Nonbenzenoid ethers: 
Linear alcohols, alkoxylated: 

Butanol, ethoxylated No 

Butyl alcohol, propoxylated No 

Decyl alcohol, ethoxylated Yes 

Decyl alcohol, ethoxylated and propoxylated No 

Decyloxypoly(ethyleneoxy)ethyl chloride No 

Dodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated Yes 

Hexadecyl alcohol, ethoxylated Yes 

Hexadecyl alcohol, propoxylated No 

N-Hexyl alcohol, ethoxylated No 

Isostearyl alcohol, ethoxylated No 

9-Octadecenyl alcohol, ethoxylated Yes 

Octadecyl alcohol, ethoxylated Yes 

Oleyl alcohol, ethoxylated Yes 

Stearyl alcohol, propoxylated No 

All other chemically defined linear alcohol 

alkoxylated No 

Coconut oil alcohol, ethoxylated No 

Decyl and octyl alcohols, ethoxylated No 

Decyl and octyl alcohols, ethoxylated and 

propoxylated No 

Jojoba oil, ethoxylated No 

Mixed linear alcohols, alkoxylated No 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated Yes 



Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated, benzyl ether No 

Mixed linear alcohols, ethoxylated and 

propoxylated Yes 

Myristyl alcohol, propoxylated No 

Stearyl alcohol, propoxylated No 

Tallow alcohol, ethoxylated No 

Wool wax alcohols, ethoxylated No 

All other mixed linear alcohols, alkoxylated No 

Other ethers and thioethers: 

Bis-cumylphenyl-oxoethylene titanate No 

1 ,3-Butylene glycol, ethoxylated No 

tert-Dodecyl mercaptan, ethoxylated No 

2-Ethylhexanol, ethoxylated No 

Glycerine, alkoxylated No 

Glycerol, alkoxylated, toluene diisocyanate 

copolymer No 

Isodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated Yes 



SDW, WTC. 

GAF, ICI, PPG, RDA, SCP. 

PSP. 

BAS. 

HCL 

ei 

WTC. 

BAS, ETC, GAF, MIL, RDA, RH, SCP, 
WTC. 



HDG. 
WTC. 
BAS, CPC, ENJ, GAF, HCL, HIP, ICI, MIL, 

S. 
HIP. 

GAF, RDA. 

ENJ. HCL, HDG, ICI, MIL, (2). 
BRD, HIP, ICI, RDA, SVC. 
PPG. 
HIP. RDA. 
SHX 

ETC,' GAF, ICI, RDA, S. 
ICI, NSC, PPG, RDA, SCP, SVC. 
CPC, CRD, HCL. PPG, SHX. 
SVC. 

BAS, BRD. CRD, SCP. 
ETC, GAF, RDA. 
WTC. 

PPG. 
SVC. 

ei 

BAS, DUP, ENJ, HDG, ICI, MIL, RDA, 
SCP, SHC, SHX, STP, TNA, TX. UCC, 
VST, WTC, ( 2 ). 
ft- 

BAS. DUP, ENJ, ETC, MIL, OMC, PEL, 
PPG, RDA, S, SCP, SHX. STP. SVC. 
UCC, WTC. 

WTC. 

WTC. 

ENJ, ETC, PPG, RDA. 

CRD. 

ETC, RDA, SHC, (2). 

KPI. 
HCL. 

ETC, RDA. 
HIP. 



ETC, PPG, RDA, WTC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12-30 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 12-2— Continued 

Surface-active agents for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Surface-active agents 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list In table 12-3) 



Nonionic-Continued 

Ethers-Continued 
Other ethers and thioethers— Continued 

Isodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated and propoxylated No 

Iso-octyl alcohol, ethoxylated No 

Lignin, ethoxylated No 

Mixed alcohols, ethoxylated Yes 

Phosphonic acid, (1 -hydroxy ethylidene)bis 

compounded with 2-aminomethanol No 

Poly(epichlorhydrin No 

Polyether diols No 

Polyether triols No 

Polyethoxylate/polypropoxylate dibenzyl ether No 

Polyethylene glycol mono(nonylphenol)ether 

ammonium sulfate No 

Polyethylene glycol, propoxylated No 

Poly(mixed ethylene, propylene)glycol Yes 

Poly(mixed ethylene/propylene glycol) capped with 

alkyl oxirone No 

Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl),a-phenylmethyl-70- 

hydroxy,Ci2 C15 alkyl ethers No 

Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl),a-phenylmethyl-70- 

hydroxy, ethoxylated nonylphenol alkyl ether No 

Polypropylene glycol, alkoxylated, polymer with 

maleic anhydride, acrylic acid, and alkylphenol- 

formaldehyde resin, alkoxylated No 

Polypropylene glycol, ethoxylated No 

Polypropylene glycol glycerol triether, copolymer 

with epichlorhydin bisphenol epoxy resin No 

2,4,7,9-Tetramethyl-5-decyne-4,7-diol, 

ethoxylated No 

Tridecyl alcohol, ethoxylated No 

Tridecyl alcohol, propoxylated and ethoxylated Yes 

Trimethylnonyl alcohol, ethoxylated No 

Trimethylolpropane, alkoxylated Yes 

All other ethers and thioethers No 

Other nonionic surface-active agents: 

Cumyl phenolate isopropoxy titanium salt No 

Formaldehyde, dicyandiamide, ethylene sulfate 

polymers No 

(Mixed alkyl)phenol alkylenediaminealkanolamine 

formaldehyde No 

Tetra-(2,2-diallyloxymethylene)-1 -butoxy titanium 

bis-(ditridecyl) phosphite No 

Tetra-isopropoxy titanium (bis dioctyl) phosphite No 

Tetra octyloxy titanium (bis-tndecyl phosphite) No 

All other nonionic surface-active agents No 



RDA. 
ETC. 
WVA. 
ENJ, S, TMH, WTC, ft. 

mc. 

WTC. 
ft. 

ft- 

RDA. 

ETC, UCC. WTC, ( 2 ), (2). 

ft. 

PCI. 

PCI. 



ft- 

BAS, ETC, HDG, PPG, RDA, SCP, TMH, 
WTC, (2). 

ft. 

RDA SCP 

BAS,' CPC, DUP. ENJ, ETC, HCL, HIP, ICI, 

MIL, PPG, RDA, S, TMH, WTC. ft. 
ETC, NSC, TX. 
UCC. 

BAS. ETC, RDA, SCP, WTC. 
BRD, ETC, HCL, OMC, RDA. SCP. SVC. 

WTC. ft. 

KPI. 
PCI. 

ft: 

KPI. 
KPI. 
KPI. 

BAS, BRD, CLU, DUP, ICI, KPI, MIL, MOA, 
PCI, PG, RDA.SCP, WM, ( 2 ), ft. 



1 Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'yes.' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'no.' 

2 The manufacturer did not consent to be identified with the designated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



12-31 



Section 12 

Table 12-3 

Surface-active agents: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1991 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



ACT Climax Performance Materials Corp. 

ACY American Cyanamid Co. 

AGP Dial Corp. 

AMU RPM American Emulsion Co., Inc. 

APC Apollo Chemicals Corp. 

APX Apex Chemical Corp. 

ARC Akzo Chemicals, Inc. 

ARD Ardmore, Inc. 

ARI Atlas Refinery, Inc. 

ARL Arol Chemical Products Co. 

ARZ Arizona Chemical Co. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BFP American Ingredients Company 

BKM Buckman Laboratories, Inc. 

BLA Astor Products, Inc., Blue Arrow Div. 

BOE Boehme Filatex, Inc. 

BRD Lonza, Inc. 

BRI Burlington Industries 

BSW Original Bradford Soap Works, Inc. 

CAS CasChem, Inc. 

CCA Akzo Chemicals, Inc. 

CCC C.N.C. International, Inc. 

CCW Morton International, Inc. 

CHL Chemol Co. 

CHP C. H. Patrick & Co., Inc. 

CIN Stockhausen, Inc. 

CLD Rhone-Poulenc, Inc. 

CLU CL Industries, Inc. 

CMT Chemithon Corp. 

CON Concord Chemical Co., Inc. 

CP Colgate-Palmolive Co. 

CPC Grant Industries, Inc. 

CRD Croda, Inc. 

CRT Reilly-Whiteman, Inc. 

DAN Hickson Danchem Corp. 

DEX Dexter Chemical Corp. 

DOW Dow Chemical Co. 

DUP E.I. duPont de Nemours &Co., Inc. 

Chemicals & Pigments Dept. 

ECC Eastern Color & Chemical Co. 

EFH E. F. Houghton & Co. 

EKT Eastman Kodak Co., Tennessee 

Eastman Co. Div. 

EMK Emkay Chemical, Inc. 

ENJ Exxon Chemical Americas 

ENO Enenco, Inc. 

ESS Essential Industries, Inc. 

ETC Ethox Chemicals, Inc. 

FER Ferro Corp., Keil Chemical Div. 

FPC Flambeau Paper Corp. 

FTX Finetex, Inc. 



GAF ISP Chemicals, Inc. 

GDC Gresco Mfg., Inc. 

GRL Calgon Corp., Calgon Vestal 

Laboratories Div. 

HAL C. P. Hall Co. 

HCL Hoechst Celanese Corp., Sou-Tex 

Works 

HDG Hodag Chemical Corp. 

HEW Hewitt Soap Co., Inc. 

HIP High Point Chemical Corp. 

HMP W. R. Grace & Co., Hampshire 

Chemicals Div. 

and Organic Chemical Div. 

HNT Huntington Laboratories, Inc. 

HPC Hercules, Inc. 

HRT Hart Products Corp. 

HXL Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Chemical 

Products 
ICI ICI Americas, Inc., Specialty Chemicals 

Div. 

JLP J. L. Prescott Co. 

JRG Andrew Jergens Co. 

JTM JTM Products, Inc. 

JTO Jetco Chemicals, Inc. 

KPI Kenrich Petrochemicals, Inc. 

KTX Kaneka Texas Corp. 

LEA Leatex Chemical Co. 

LEV Lever Brothers Co. 

LKY Lake States Div. of Rhinelander Paper 

Co. 

MAR Lignotech (U.S.), Inc. 

MCP Moretex Chemical Products, Inc. 

MIL Milliken & Co., Milliken Chemical Div, 

MOA Mona Industries, Inc. 

MON Monsanto Co. 

MRT Morton International, Inc., 

Morton Chemical Div. 

MRV Marlowe-Van Loan Corp. 

NCC Niacet Corp. 

NES Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co. 

NMC Namico, Inc. 

NPR Safeway, Inc. 

NSC National Starch & Chemical Co. 

OC Omega Chemicals, Inc. 

OMC OlinCorp. 

PAT Yorkshire Pat-Chem, Inc. 

PCI Piedmont Chemical Industries, Inc. 

PEL Pelron Corp. 

PG Procter & Gamble Co.. Procter & 

Gamble Mfg. Co. 
PIL Pilot Chemical Co. 



See note at end of table. 



12-32 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table 12-3— Continued 

Surface-active agents: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1991 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



PNX Murphy-Phoenix Co. 

PPG PPG Industries, Inc. 

PSP Georgia-Pacific Corp., Bellingham Div. 

QCP Quaker Chemical Corp. 

RAY ITT Rayonier Liguin Products, Inc. 

RDA Rhone-Poulenc, Inc. 

RH Rohm & Haas Co. 

RSA R.S.A. Corp. 

S Sandoz, Chemical Corp., Colors & 

Chemicals Div. 

SBC Scher Chemicals, Inc. 

SBP SBS Products Inc. 

SCP Henkel Corp. 

SDC Sandoz Chemical Corp. 

SDW Sterling Drug, Inc.. 

Sterling Organics Div. 

SHC Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. 

SHX Sherex Chemical Co., Inc. 

SLC Soluol Chemical Co., Inc. 

SLM Salem Oil & Grease Co. 

SOS SSC Industries, Inc. 

SQA Sequa Chemicals, Inc. 

STP StepanCo. 



SVC Karlshamns, USA 

TCC Sybron Chemicals, Inc. 

TEN BIT Manufacturing, Inc. 

TMH Harcros Chemicals, Inc. 

TNA Ethyl Corp. 

TNI Gillette Chemical Co. 

TX Texaco Chemical Co. 

UCC Union Carbide Corp., Industrial 

Chemical Div. 

UNN United Aniline Co. 

USR Uniroyal Chemical Co., Inc. 

UTC Unitex Chemical Corp. 

VKR VirWer Co. 

VND ISP-Van Dyk, Inc. 

VST Vista Chemical Inc. 

WBG Dryden Oil Co., of New England 

WHW Whittemore- Wright Co., Inc. 

WM Inolex Chemical Co. 

WPG West Point-Pepperell, Inc., Grifftex 

Chemical 

Co. Sub. 

WTC WitcoCorp. 

WVA Westvaco Corp. 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



12-33 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Section 13 
Pesticides and Related Products 

Pesticides and related products include fungicides, 
herbicides, insecticides, rodenticides, and related 
products such as plant growth regulators, seed 
disinfectants, soil conditioners, soil fumigants, and 
synergists. The data are given in terms of 100 percent 
active materials; they exclude such materials as 
diluents, emulsifiers, and wetting agents. 

U.S. production of pesticides and related products 
in 1991 amounted to 452 million kilograms, 19 percent 
less than the 557 milli on kilograms reported for 1990 
(table 13-1). Sales in 1991 were 445 million 
kilograms, an increase of 1 percent, as compared with 
442 million kilograms reported in 1990; the value of 
sales was $4,019 million in 1991, compared with 
$4,774 million in 1990, a decrease of 16 percent. Data 
for production of pesticides and related products during 
1987-91 are shown in figure 13-1. 

Production of cyclic pesticides and related products 
amounted to 300 million kilograms in 1991, 17 percent 



less than the 361 million kilograms produced in 1990. 
Sales in 1991 were 242 million kilograms, valued at 
$2,835 million, compared with 280 million kilograms, 
valued at $3,367 million, in 1990. 

Production of acyclic pesticides and related 
products in 1991 amounted to 151 million kilograms, 
compared with 196 million kilograms reported for 
1990. Sales in 1991 were 203 million kilograms, 
compared with 161 million kilograms reported for 
1990; the value of sales was $1,184 million in 1991, 
compared with $1,407 million in 1990. 

Table 13-2 lists the products reported in this 
section and indicates the manufacturer(s) of each by 
code. These codes are identified by company name in 
table 13-3. 

Cynthia Trainor 
202-205-3354 



Stephen Wanser 
202-205-3363 



Figure 13-1 

Pesticides and related products: U.S. production, 1987-91 



Millions 
of kilograms 



700- 




1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



13-1 



Section 13 

Table 13-1 

Pesticides and related products: U.S. production and sales, 1991 



Pesticides and related products 



Sales 



Production Quantity Value 



Average 

Unit 

value 1 



1,000 
kilograms 



1,000 
kilograms 



1,000 
dollars 



Per 
kilogram 



Cyclic 

Grand total 451,503 445,336 4,019,223 $9.03 

Total 300,146 242,171 2,834,941 7.49 

Fungicides 2 36,504 32,340 242,187 7.49 

Herbicides and plant growth regulators 3 227,278 166,594 1,814,895 10.89 

Insecticides and rodenticides 4 33,241 40,275 761 ,636 1 8.91 

All other cyclic pesticides 3.123 2,962 16,223 5.48 

Acyclic 

Total 151,357 203,165 1,184.282 5.83 

Fungicides 5 7,606 5,212 39,272 7.54 

Herbicides and plant growth regulators 6 48,344 84,482 773,831 9.16 

Insecticides, rodenticides, soil conditioners, and 
fumigants, total 86,319 105,023 318,062 3.03 

Organophosphorus insecticides 7 13,325 10,512 120,692 11 .48 

N-Methyidithiocarbamic acid (Metham) 9,937 38,588 16,784 .43 

All other acyclic insecticides, rodenticides, soil 

conditioners, and fumigants 8 63,057 55,923 180,586 3.23 

All other acyclic pesticides 9,088 8,448 53,117 6.29 

1 Calculated from unrounded figures. 

2 Includes benomyl, captan, chlorothalonil, DMTT, folpet. pipron, and others. 

3 Includes alachlor, atrazine, benefin, bensulide, 2,4-D and other 2,4-D esters and salts, dicamba, dinitrophenol 
compounds, diuron, maleic hydrazide, molinate, NPA, picloram, prometon, triazines, trifluralin, plant growth 
regulators, and others. 

4 Includes phosphorothioates and phosphorodithioates, chlorinated insecticides (heptachlor and others), insect 
attractants, DEET and other insect repellents, and others. 

5 Includes dithiocarbamates. 

6 Includes butylate, EPTC, methanearsonic acid salts, thiocarbamates, and organophosphorus herbicides, and 
others. 

7 Includes acephate, disuffoton, ethion, and other organophosphorus insecticides. 

8 Includes, methyl bromide, soil conditioners and fumigants, small quantities of rodenticides, and others. 

Note.— Does not include data for the insect fumigartt, p-dichlorobenzene, nor the fungicide, o-phenylphenol. These 
data are included in the section on "Cyclic Intermediates." It also does not include data for the fungicides, 
dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt and dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt (i.e., ziram). These data are 
included in the section on "Rubber-Processing Chemicals'' The data for ethylene dibromide, a fumigant, are included 
in the "Miscellaneous End-Use Chemicals and Chemical Products" section. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



13-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 13-2 

Pesticides and related products for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Pesticides and related products statistics 1 (according to list in table 1 3-3) 

Cyclic: 

Fungicides: 

2-Bromo-4'-hydroxyacetophenone No BKM. 

a-(2-Chlorophenyl)-a-(4-chlorophenyl)-5- 

pyrimidinemetnanol No LIL 

a-(2-Chlorophenyl)-a-(4-fluorophenyl)-5- 

pyrimidinemethanol No LIL. 

1 ,4-Dichloro-2,5-dimethoxybenzene (Chloroneb) No CHF. 

5-Ethoxy-3-(trichloromethyl)-1,2,4-thiadiazole No USR. 

Hexahydro-1 ,3.5-triethyl-s-triazine No VNC. 

Hexahydro-1 ,3,5-tri(2-hydroxyethyl)-s-triazine No (?). 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, sodium salt No p). 

Methyl-1 -(butylcarbamoyl) 

-2-benzimidazolecarbamate (Benomyl) No DUP. 

3-(2-Methylpiperidino)propyl-3,4-dichlorobenzoate 

(Pipron) No LIL, USR. 

Naphthenic acid.copper salt No CCA, MCI, NOD, TRO. 

2-n-Octyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one No RH. 

Pentachloronitrobenzene (PCNB) No AMV, USR. 

Pentachlorophenol.sodium salt No FRO. 

2,4,5,6-Tetrachloroisophthalonitrile No SDS. 

Tetrahydro-3,5-dimethyl-2H-1,3,5-thiadiazine-2- 

thione (DMTT) No BKM, MRK, RH, VCO 

2-(Thiocyanomethylthio)benzothiazole No BKM. 

N-Trichloromethylthio-4-cyclohexene-1,2- 

dicarboximide (Captan) No ICI, p). 

All other cyclic fungicides No FER, NOD, p). 

Herbicides and plant growth regulators: 
4-Amino-6-(1 , 1 -dimethylethyl)-3-(methylthio) 

-1,2,4-triazin-5-(4H)-one No CHG, DUP. 

4-Amino-3,5,6-trichloropicolinic acid (Picloram) No DOW. 

S-Benzyl thiocarbamate No ICI. 

4,6-Bis0sopropylamino)-2-methoxy-s-tiiazine 

(Prometon) No CGY. 

2,4-Bis(isopropylamino)-6-(methylthio)-s-triazine 

(Prometryn) No CGY. 

5-Bromo-3-sec-butyl-6-methyluracil (Bromacil) No DUP. 

2-(sec-Butylamino)-4-ethylamino-6-methoxy-s- 

triazine No CGY. 

2-(tert-Butylamino)-4-ethylamino-6-(methylthio)-s- 

triazine No CGY 

3-tert-Butyl-5-chloro-6-methyluracil No DUP. 

N-Butyl-N-ethyl-a,a,a-trrJluoro-2,6-dinitro-p- 

toluidine (Benefin) No DOW, LIL 

Butyl 2-[4-Q5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl]oxy]- 

phenoxyjpropanoate No p). 

1-(carboethoxy)ethyl5-[2-chloro-4-(trifluoromethyl) 

phenoxy]-2-nitrobenzoate No SOC 

N-(Chloroacetyl)-N-(2,6-diethylphenyl)glycine, 

ethyl ester No RMI. 

2-Chloro-4,6-bis(ethylamino)-s-triazine (Simazine) No CGY 

2-Chloro-2 , ,6 , -diethyl-N-(n-butoxymethyl)- 

acetanilide (Butachfor) No MNA. 

2-Chloro-2',6'-diethyl-N-(methoxymethyl)acetanilide 

(Alachlor) No MNA. 

2-Chloro-N-ethoxymethy 

l-N-(2-ethyl-6-methylphenyl)-acetamide 

(Acctochlor) No MNA. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



13-3 



Section 13 

Table 13-2— Continued 

Pesticides and related products for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Pesticides and related products statistics 1 (according to list in table 1 3-3) 



Cyclic— Continued: 
Herbicides and plant growth regulators— Continued: 

2-Chloro- 1 -(3-ethoxy-4-nitrophenoxy)-4- 

(trifluoromethyl)benzene (Oxyfluonen) No RH. 

2-Chloro-4-(ethylamino)-6-(isopropylamino)-s- 

triazin (Atrazine) No CGY, DUP. 

2-[4-Chloro-6-(ethylamino)-s-triazin-2-yiamino]-2- 

methylpropionitrile (Cyanazine) No DUP. 

2-Chloro-N-isopropylacetanilide (Propachlor) No MNA. 

2-Chloro-N-[(4-metnoxy-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)- 

aminocarbonyl]benzenesulfonamide No DUP. 

2-(4-Chloro-2-methylphenoxy)propionicacid, 

dimethylamine salt No RIV 

2-(2-Chlorophenyl)methyl-4,4-dimethyl-3- 

isoxazolinone No FMN, i 2 ). 

5-[2-Chloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)phenoxy]-2- 

nrtrobenzoic acid, sodium salt No BAS. 

3-Cyclohexyl-6-(dimethylamino)-1 -methyl-1 ,3,5- 

tnazine-2,4-(1 H,3H)-dione No DUP. 

3,6-Dichloro-2-anisic acid (Dicamba) No ZOC. 

2,6-Dichlorobenzonitrile No USR. 

2-(2,4-Dichlorophenoxy)propionicacid, 

dimethylamine salt No RIV. 

3-(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea(Diuron) No DUP. 

3-(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)-1 -methoxy-1 -methylurea 

(Linuron) No DUP. 

2-(3,4-Dichloropheny1)-4-methyl-1,2,4- 

oxadiazolidine-3,5-dione (Methazole) No ZOC. 

1 -[-(2,4-Dichlorophenyl)4-propyl-1 ,3-dioxolan-2- 

ylmethyl]-1H-1,2,4-triazole No ICI. 

3,6-Dichloropicolinic acid No DOW. 

3',4'-Dichloropropionanilide (Propanil) No CED, RH 

3,7-Dichloro-8-quinolinic acid No BAS NES 

N-(2,6-Difluorophenyl)-5-methyl-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazolo- 

[1 ,5-al-pyrimidine]-2-sulfonamide No f 2 ). 

S-(0,0-Diisopropyl phosphorodithioate) ester of N- 

(a-mercaptoethyl)benzenesulfonamide (Bensulide) . . No ICI. 

1 ,1'-Dimethyl-4,4 , -bipyridinium dichloride No fi) 

Dimethyl-2,3,5,6-tetrachloroterephthalate (DCPA) .... No SDS. 

2,6-Dinitro-N,N-dipropyl cumidine No LIL 

2-(Ethylamino)-4-0sopropylamino)-6-(methyltriio)-s- 

triazine (Ametryne) No CGY 

Ethyl 2-[p(4-chloro-6-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)- 

aminoJcarbonyl]amino]sulfonyl]benzoate 

(Chlorimuron emyl) No DUP. 

S-Ethyl cyclohexylmethylthiocarbamate No ICI. 

S-Ethyl-hexahydro-1 H-azepine-1 -carbothioate 

(Molinate) No ICI. 

N-[3-(1 -Ethyl-1 -methylpropyl)-5-isoxazolyl]-2,6- 

dimethoxybenzamide (Flexidor) No LIL RIV 

Hexahydro-1 ,3,5-tris(2-hydroethyl)-5-triazine No p) 

Methyl 3-[[r[(4-methoxy-6-methyl-1 ,3,5-triazin-2- 

yl)aminoIcarbonyl]amino]sulfonyl-2-thiophene- 

carboxylic acid No DUP 

2-Methyl-4-chlorophenoxy acid dimethylamine salt 

fMCPA DMA) No DOW. 

2-(2-Methyl-4-chlorophenoxy)propionic 

acid (MCPP) No DOW. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



13-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 13-2— Continued 

Pesticides and related products for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Pesticides and related products statistics 1 (according to list in table 13-3) 

Cyclic — Continued : 
Herbicides and plant growth regulators— Continued: 

2-(2-Methyl-4-chlorophenoxy)propionicacid 

dimethylamine salt (MCPA DMA salt) No DOW. 

2-(2-Methyl-4-chlorophenoxy)propionic acid, iso- 
octyl ester . . No DOW, RIV. 

1-(2-Methylcyclohexyl)-3-phenylurea (Siduron) No ADC, DUP. 

Methyl 2-[[[[(4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)- 
amino]carbonyl]amino]sunonyl]methyl]benzoate 

(Bensulfuron) (Londax) No DUP. 

Methyl 2-[IT[(4,6-dimethyl-2-pyrimidinyl)amino]- 

carbonyl]amino]sulfonyl]benzoate No DUP. 

Methyl 2-[[[K4-methoxy-6-methyl-1 ,3,5,-triazin-2-yl)- 
amino]carbonyl]amino]sulfonyl]benzoate 

(Metsulfuron methyl) No DUP 

Methyl 2-[[[[N-(4-methoxy-6-methyl-1 ,3,5-triazin-2- 

yl)tnylamino)carbonyl]amino]sulfonyl]benzoate No DUP. 

1-Methyl-3-phenyl-5-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]- 

4(1H)-pyridone (Fluridone) No LIL. 

N-1-Naphthylphthalamic acid (NPA) No USR. 

7-Oxabicyclo-[2.2. 1]-heptane-2,3-dicarboxylic acid, 

disodium salt (Endothall) No PAS. 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl(r)-2-[4-(6-chloroquinoxalin-2- 

yloxy)phenoxy] propanoate No USR. 

Phenoxyacetic aad derivatives: 

4-Chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid (MCPA) No DOW. 

4-Chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid, 

dimethylamine salt No RIV. 

4-Chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid, iso-octyl 

ester . No RIV. 

2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, esters and salts: 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) No DOW. 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 2-butoxyethyl 

ester No DOW. 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, sec-butyl ester . . No DOW. 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, dimethylamine 

salt ... .T No DOW, PBI, RIV. 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, ethanolamine and 

isopropanolamine salts No DOW. 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, iso-octyl ester ... No DOW, RIV. 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, iscpropyl ester . . No AMV. 

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, lithium salt No GTH. 

All other 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, esters 

and salts No ICI. 

Plant growth regulators: 
2-Cnloro-N-(2,6-dinitro-4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl) 

-N-ethyl-6-fluorobenzenemethanamine No CGY. 

p-(4-Chlorophenyl)methyl-a-(1 ,1 -dimethylethyl)-1 , 

2,4-triazole-1-ethanol No ICI. 

2-Chloro-6-(trichloromethyl)pyridine No DOW. 

a-Cyclopropyl-a-(p-methoxyphenyl)-5-pyrimidine 

methanol (Ancymidol) No LIL. 

2,3-Dihydro-5,6-dimethyl-1 ,4-dithiin-1 ,1 ,4,4- 

tetraoxide No NES. 

1 ,2-Dihydro-3,6-pyridazinedione 
(Maleic hydrazide) (MH) No DRX, USR. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



13-5 



Section 13 

Table 13-2— Continued 

Pesticides and related products for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Pesticides and related products statistics 1 (according to list in table 13-3) 

Cyclic— Continued: 
Plant growth regulators— Continued: 

1,1-Dimethylpiperidinium chloride No BAS. 

Gibberellic acid No ABB. 

a-(1 -Methyl ethyl-x-4-trifluoro-methoxyphenyl)-5- 

pyrimidinemethanol (Flurprimidol) No LIL 

All other plant growth regulators, cyclic No MMM. 

3,5,6-Trichloro-2-pyridinyloxyacetic acid No DOW. 

a,a,a-Trifluoro-2,6-dinitro-N,N-dipropyl-p- 

toluidine (Trifluralin) No LIL. 

a,a,a-Trifluoro-2,6-dinitro-N-ethyl-N-(2-methyl-2- 

propenyl)-p-toluidine (Ethylfluralin) No LIL. 

Alfother cyclic herbicides No FRI, ICI. RH, SOC, ZOC. f 2 ). 

Insect attractants and repellents: 

N,N-Diethyltoluamide (DEET) No f 2 ). 

All other insect attractants No p). 

Insecticides: 

Bacillus thuringiensis No ABB. DUP. ZOC. 

Bis(pentachloro-2,4-dicyclopentadien-1-yl) No ZOC. 

2-(p-tert-Butylphenoxy)cyclohexyl-2-propynyl 

sulfite No USR. 

Cyano(4-fluoro-3-phenoxyphenyl)methyl-3-(2,2- 

dichloroethenyl)-2,2- 

dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylate No FMN. 

Cyano-3-phenoxybenzyl-cis, trans-3-(2,2- 

dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane 

carboxylate No f 2 ). 

Cyano(3-phenoxyphenyl)methyl-4-chloro-a-(1- 

methylethyl)benzeneacetate No DUP. 

All other cyclic insecticides No FMN, ZOC. 

N-cyclopropyl-1 ,3,5-triazine-2,4,6-triamine No CGY. 

Cypermethrin No FMN. 

2,3-Dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-7- 

benzofuranyl[(dibutylamino)thio]methylcarbamate ... No FMN. 

2,3-Dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-7-benzoturanyl 

methylcarbamate No FMN. 

5,6-Dimethyl-2-dimethylamino 

-4-pyrimidinyl dimethyl carbamate No FSN. 

Di-n-propylisocinchomeronate No MGK. 

Hexakis(2-methyl-2-phenylpropyl), distinnaxane No DUP. 

Methyl 3-(2,2-dichloroethenyl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-cyano- 

3-phenoxyphenylcyclopropanecarboxylate No FMN. 

3-(Pnenoxypnenyf) methyl-cis, trans-3-(2,2 

dichloroethenyl)-2,2-dimethyl 

cyclopropanecarboxylate No FMN, f 2 ). 

Tetrahydro-5,5-dimethyl-2(1 H)-pyrimidinone[3-[4- 

(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]- 1 -[2-[4-(trif luoromethyl)- 

phenyl]ethenyl-2-propenyiidene]hydrozone No FMN. 

Chlorinated insecticides: 

2-Chloro-N-d[4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl]amino]- 
carbonyl]benzamide No CHG. 

Heptachloro-tetrahydro-endo-methanoindene 
(Heptachlor) No VEL 

1,1,1 -Trichloro-2,2-bis(p-methoxyphenyl) ethane 

(Methoxychlor) No CHF. 

Organophosphorus insecticides: 

0-(2,4-Dichlorophenyl) O-ethyl S-propyl 
phosphorodithioate No CHG. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



13-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 13-2— Continued 

Pesticides and related products for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Pesticides and related products statistics 1 (according to list in table 13-3) 

Cyclic— Continued : 
Insecticides— Continued: 

0-(2-(Diethylamino)-6-methyl (4-pyrimidinyl) 0,0- 

dimethyl phosphrothioate No t 2 ). 

O,O-Diethyl0-3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridyl 

phosphorothioate No DOW. 

0,0-DimethylO-(2,4,5-trichlorophenyl)- 

phosphorothioate (Ronnel) No DUP. 

O-Ethyl 0-[4-(methylthio)phenyl] S-propyl 

phosphorodithioate No CHG. 

N-(Mercaptomethyl)phthalimideS-(0,0- 

dimethylphosphorodithioate) No ICI. 

0,0'-(Thiodi-4, 1 -phenylene)bis(0,0-dimethyl 

phosphorothioate (Temphos) No ICI. 

All other organophosphorus insectides, cyclic No ( 2 ). 

Rodenticides: 
3-(a-Acetonylbenzyl)-4-hydroxycoumarin 

(Warfarin) No MOT. 

3-[3-(4'-Bromo[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-4-yl)-1 ,2,3,4- 

tetrahydro-1-naphthalenyl]-4-hydroxy-2H-1- 

benzopyran-2-one No fi). 

2-Diphenylacetyl-1 ,3-indandione and sodium salt No MOT. 

2-lsovaleryl-1 ,3-indandione No MOT. 

2-Pivaloyl-1 ,3-indandione (Pindone) No MOT. 

All other cyclic pesticides: 
a-[2-(2-n-Butoxyethoxy)ethoxy]-4, 

5-methylenedioxy-2-propyltoluene(Piperonyl 

butoxide) No ALP. 

• N,N-diallyl-2,2-dichloroacetamide No ICI. 

N-(2-Ethylhexyl)bicyclo(2.2. 1 )-5-heptene-2,3- 

dicarboximide No MGK. 

1 -Methyl-3,5,7-triaza-1 -azonia tricyclodecane 

chloride No BKM. 

2,2,5-Trimethyl-3-(dichloroacetyl)-1,3-oxazolidine No ICI. 

All other pesticides and related products, cyclic No <?). 

Acyclic: 

Fungicides: 

Disodium cyanodithioimidocarbonate No BKM. 

n-Dodecylguanidine acetate (Dodine) No MRK. 

Methylenebis(thiocyanate) No VIN. 

Poly[oxyethylene(dimethylimino)- 

ethylene(dimethylimino)ethylene dichloride] No BKM. 

Dithiocarbamic acid fungicides: 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, potassium salt No ALC, BKM. 

Ethylene bis(dithiocarbamic acid), disodium salt 

(Nabam) No ALC, VCC. 

Ethylene bis(dithiocarbamic acid), manganese salt 

with zinc ions No DUP. 

Hydroxymethyl(methyl)dithiocarbamic acid, 

potassium salt No BKM. 

N-MethykJithiocarbamic acid, potassium salt No BKM. 

All other dithiocarbamic acid fungicides, acyclic No DUP. 

All other acyclic fungicides No BKM, MRK. 

Herbicides and plant growth regulators: 

S-Ethyl diisobutylthiocarbamate (Butylate) No ICI. 

S-Ethyl dipropylthiocarbamate (EPTC) No ICI. 

Methanearsonic acid.monosodium salt (MSMA) No SDS, VIN. 

N-(Phosphonomethyl)glycine, isopropylamine salt No MNA. 

S-Propyl butylethylthiocarbamate (Pebulate) No ICI. 

See footnotes at end of table. 

13-7 



Section 13 

Table 13-2 — Continued 

Pesticides and related products for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, Identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Pesticides and related products statistics 1 (according to list in table 13-3) 

Acyclic — Continued: 
Herbicides and plant growth regulators — Continued: 

S-Propyl dipropylthiocarbamate (Vernolate) No ICI. 

Thiocyanic acid, methylene ester No BKM. 

S,S,S-Tributyl phosphorotrithbate No CHG. 

Plant growth regulators: 

6-benzyledenine (Bap) No ABB. 

All other plant growth regulators, acyclic No USR. 

Acyclic herbicides No DUP, SLM, VIN. 

Insscticidss* 

Ethyl 3,7, 11 -trimethyldodeca-2,4-dienoate No DOW, ZOC, (2). 

lsopropyl-1 1 -methoxy-3,7,1 1 -trimethyldodeca-2,4- 

dienoate No ZOC, ( 2 ), 

Methyl N',N'-dimethyl-N-[(methylcarbamoyl)oxy]-1- 

thiooxamidate No DUP. 

S-Methyl-N-[(methylcarbamoyl)oxy]thioacetimidate 

(Methomyl) No DUP. 

2-propynyl 3,7,11 -trimethyl-(2e,4e) 

-dodecadienoate No If). 

Organophosphorus insecticides: 
2-Carbomethoxy-1 -propen-2-yl dimethyl 

phosphate No AMV. 

1,2-Dibromo-2,2-dichloroethyl dimethyl phosphate 

(Naled) No AMV. 

0,0-DiethylS-[2-(ethylthio)ethyl] 

phosphorodithioate (Disulfoton) No CHG. 

3-(Dimethoxyphosphinyloxy)-N,N-dimethyl-cis- 

crotonamide No DUP. 

O.S-Dimethylacetylphosphoramidothioate 

(Acephate) No SOC. 

0,0-Dimethyl-0-2,2-dichlorovinyl phosphate 

(DDVP) No AMV. 

O.S-Dimethyl phosphoramidothioate No CHG. 

O.O.O'.O'-Tetraethyl S,S'-methylene 

bisphosphorodithioate (Ethion) No FMN. 

All other organophosphorus insecticides, cyclic No f 2 ). 

Rodenticides: 

Bromethelin concentrate No DOW. 

2-Hydroxyethyl n-octyl sulfide No PLC. 

Sodium ffuoroacetate No SLM, TUL. 

Soil fumigants: 

1 ,3-Dichloropropene No DOW. 

Methyl bromide (Bromomethane) No GTL, TNA. 

N-Methyldithiocarbamic acid.sodium salt (Metham) Yes AMV, BKM, ICI. 

Trichloronitromethane (Chloropicrin) No LCP, NLO. 

All other soil fumigants, etc No MRT. 

All other acyclic pesticides: 
3-Alkoxy-2-hydroxypropyl trimethyl ammonium 

chloride No f 2 ). 

N-Alkyl-1-naphthylmethyl ammonium chloride No ( 2 ). 

Ammonium oxydiethylenebis (alkyl* dimethyl chloride) 

*Alkyl-40% Ci2, 50% C 14 , 1 0%- C 16 No BKM. 

Bromoacetic acid No VIN. 

N-Cocoalkyl-1 ,3-propylenediamine acetate No (2). 

See footnotes at end of table. 



13-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 13-2 —Continued 

Pesticides and related products for which U.S. production and/or sales were reported, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Pesticides and related products statistics 1 (according to list in table 13-3) 

Cyclic— Continued: 
All other acyclic pesticides— Continued: 

2-[(Hydroxymethyl)amino]-2-methylpropanol No TRO. 

2-(Hydroxymethyl)ethano1 No TRO. 

3-lodo-2-propynyl butyicarbamate No TRO. 

All other pesticides and related products, acyclic No USR, ZOC f 2 ). 

1 Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'yes.' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'no.' 

2 The manufacturer did not consent to be identified with the designated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



13-9 



Section 13 

Table 13-3 

Pesticides and related products: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1991 



Code 



Name of company 



Code 



Name of company 



ABB Abbott Laboratories 

ADC Anderson Development Co. 

ALC Alco Chemical Corp. 

ALP Alpha Laboratories, Inc. 

AMV Amvac Chemical Corp. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BKM Buckman Laboratories, Inc. 

CCA Akzo Chemicals, Inc. 

CED Cedar Chemical Corp. 

CGY Ciba-Geigy Corp. 

CHF Kincaid Enterprises, Inc. 

CHG Mobay Chemical Crop., Agricultural 

Chemicals Div. 

DOW Dow Chemical Co. 

DRX Drexel Chemical Corp. 

DUP E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. 

Agricultural Products 

FER Ferro Corp., Bedford Chemical Div. 

FMN FMC Corp., Agricultural Chemical 

Group 

FRI Farmland Industries, Inc. 

FRO Vulcan Materials Co., Chemicals Div. 

FSN Nor-am Chemical Co. 

GTH Girth Corp. 

GTL Great Lakes Chemical Corp. 

ICI ICI Americas, Inc., Agricultural 

Chemicals Div. 

LCP LCP Chemicals-Maine 

LIL Eli Lilly & Co. 



MCI Mooney Chemicals, Inc. 

MGK McLaughlin Gormley King Co. 

MMM Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co. 

MNA Monsanto Co., Agricultural Group 

MOT Motomco, Ltd. 

MRK Merck & Co., Inc. 

MRT Morton International, Inc., Morton 

Chemical Div. 

NES Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co. 

NLO NiWor Chemical Co., Inc. 

NOD Huls America, Inc. 

PAS ELF Atochem North America, Inc. 

PBI PBI-Gordon Corp. 

PLC Phillips 66 Co. 

RH Rohm & Haas Co. 

RIV Riverdale Chemical Co. 

RMI R-M Industries. Inc. 

SDS ISK Biotech Corp. 

SLM Salem Oil & Grease Co. 

SOC Chevron Corp., Chevron Chemical Co. 

TNA Ethyl Corp. 

TRO Troy Chemical Corp. 

TUL Tull Chemical Co., Inc. 

USR Uniroyal Chemical Co., Inc. 

VCC Vlnings Industries, Inc. 

VEL Velsicol Chemical Corp. 

VIN Vineland Chemical Co., Inc. 

VNC Vanderbilt Chemical Corp. 

ZOC Sandoz Crop Protection 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



13-10 



Section 14 

Miscellaneous End-Use Chemicals 

and Chemical Products 

This section incorporates those end-use groups 
which are not readily classifiable within the prior 
sections of this report. Both cyclic and acyclic chemicals 
fall within this section. Production and sales of the 
end-use chemicals contained within this section continue 
to follow a general increase since 1987, although levels in 
1991 indicated leveling of economic trends. 

In 1991, the production of miscellaneous end-use 
chemicals amounted to 13,467 million kilograms, a 
decrease of 10.2 percent from the calculated 14,992 
million kilograms of production for 1990 (table 14-1). 
Production of these chemicals steadily increased 
throughout 1987-90 (figure 14-1). Sales in 1991 totaled 
10,7 12 million kilograms, valued at $9,938 million (table 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

14-1). The sales quantity remained at a level nearly equal 
to that of 1990 with the value of sales increasing by 2.3 
percent Polymers for fibers and end uses of urea 
collectively accounted for 58 percent of the 1991 
production of these miscellaneous end-use chemicals. 
The total published end-uses for urea accounted for 47 
percent of the 1991 sales quantity of these chemicals. 

Production of end-use chemicals used in the auto and 
motor fuels market indicated continued upward trends. 
Production of fuel additives for 1991 totaled 4,058 
million kilograms, a decrease of 3.9 percent from the 
previous year. Approximately 95 percent of production 
in this category was methyl t-butyl ether. 

Table 14-2 lists the products reported in this section 
and indicates the manuf acturer(s) of each by code. These 
codes are identified by company name in table 14-3. 

David G. Michels 
202-205-3352 



Figure 14-1 

Miscellaneous End-Use Chemicals and Chemical Products: U.S. production, 1987-91 

Billions 
of kilograms 



16- 




1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



14-1 



Section 14 

Table 14-1 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products: U.S. production and sales, 1991 



Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and 
chemical products 





Sales 




Average 
Unit 


Production 


Quantity 


Value 


value 1 


1,000 
kilograms 


1,000 
kilograms 


1,000 
dollars 


Per 

kilogram 


13,466,793 


10,711,931 


9,938,366 


$0.93 


135.979 


128,995 


160,449 


1.24 


(2) 


90 


310 


3.44 


10,438 
2,945 


6,748 
2,178 


9,800 
4,377 


1.45 
2.01 


763 


732 


1.063 


1.45 


931 


730 


2,977 


4.01 


47,191 


50,734 


44.003 


.87 


(2) 


2,112 


3,054 


1.45 



Grand total 

Chelating agents, nitriloacids and salts, total 

(Diethylene trinitrilo)pentaacetic acid 

(Diethylene trinitrilojpentaacetic acid, 

pentasodium salt 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid (EDTA) 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, 

diammonium salt 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium 

salt 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetrasodium 

salt 

(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo)triaceticacid, 

trisodium salt 

All other chelating agents, nitriloacids and 
salts 73,711 

Enzymes: 

Bacterial amylase i 2 ) 

Other hydrolytic enzymes (2) 

Rennin (2) 

Fuel additives, total 3 4,058.002 

Methyl t-butyl ether 4 5 

All other fuel additives 

Lubricating oil and grease additives, total 

Oil soluble petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt 

Sulfur compounds 

All other lubricating oil and grease additives 

Photographic chemicals 

Polymers for fibers, total 6 

Polyethylene terephthalate fa fiber 1 ,065,992 

All other polymers for fibers 1,322,301 

See footnotes at end of table. 



65,671 



9 

( 2 ) 

( 2 ) 



94,865 1.44 



22.663 

6,640 

41,070 



2,572,180 1,023,023 



( 2 ) 
1,603.893 



( 2 ) 
5,045.489 



(2) 
.40 



3.856.456 
201,546 


2,497,602 
74,578 


826,101 
196.922 


.33 
2.64 


394,827 


361,182 


609,345 


1.69 


119,963 

35,626 

239,238 


94,422 

32,267 

234,493 


159.088 

57.432 

392,825 


1.68 
1.78 
1.68 


7,171 


4.162 


66,474 


15.97 


2,388,293 


1.603,893 


5,045,489 


3.15 



(2) 

3.15 



14-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table 14-1 —Continued 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products: U.S. production and sales, 1991 



Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and 
chemical products 



Sales 



Production Quantity 



Value 



Average 

Unit 

value 1 



7,000 
kilograms 

Polymers, water soluble, total 343.909 

Acrylamide polymers and co-polymers 54,264 

Cellulose esters and ethers f 2 ) 

Hydroxethylcellulose 16,152 

Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose 29,143 

Polyacrylic acid salts, total 160,277 

Sodium ammonium polyacrylate and 

copolymers 71 ,457 

All other polyacrylic acid salts 88,820 

All other water soluble polymers 84,073 

Textile chemicals, other than surface-active 

agents 22,367 

Urea in compounds or mixtures: 

In feed compounds 573,631 

In liquid fertilizer 1 ,400,656 

In solid fertilizer 3,474.398 

All other miscellaneous end-use chemicals and 

chemical products 667,560 



1,000 
kilograms 

286.313 



19,603 
65.434 

( 2 ) 
30,200 

142,001 



1,000 
dollars 



71,785 
298,054 

( 2 ) 
84,852 



Per 
kilogram 



853,640 $2.98 



3.66 

4.56 

ft 

2.81 



313.997 2.21 



67.112 
74.889 
29,075 


146,451 

167,546 

84,952 


2.18 
2.24 
2.92 


20,337 


27,436 


1.35 


551,155 
1,178,232 
3,324.050 


62,441 
189,903 
511,817 


.11 
.16 
.15 


681,432 


1,317,976 


1.93 



1 Calculated from unrounded figures. 

2 Reported data were accepted in confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 

3 Statistics exclude production and sales of tricresyl phosphate. Statistics on tricresyl phosphate are given with 
the section on "Plasticizers." 

4 The difference between the production reported here and that shown on the Preliminary Report on U.S. 
Production of Selected Organic Chemicals (including Synthetic Plastics and Resins Materials, 1991, results from a 
combination of incorrect reporting by some companies, end-of-year inventory adjustment, and rounding. 

5 Production totals shown for this chemical include quarterly production data in instances where companies 
reported inaccurate annual data or failed to report annual data. Totals also include reporting by companies which 
failed to report on a quarterly basis. 

6 Although production of nylon 6 and 6/6 are published in the Preliminary Report, revised annual data are not 
published because disclosure might result. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



14-3 



Section 14 

Table 14-2 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products for which U.S. production and/or sales were 

reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Miscellaneous end-use chemicals statistics 1 (according to list In table 14-3) 

Amino acids and their salts: 

Aspartic acid No PFZ. 

N,N-Bis(2,2-acetamido)glycine No PIC. 

Glutamic acid hydrochloride No LEM. 

Glycine (Aminoacetic acid), non-medical No CHT, HMP. 

Potassium glutamate No LEM. 

Methionine and its salts: 

Methionine (animal feed grade) No DGC. 

Methionine, hydroxy analogue, calcium salt No MNA. 

Protein hydrosylates No BRS. 

Sarcosine No HMP. 

All other amino acids and salts, acyclic No BRS. 

All other amino acids and salts, cyclic No AJI. 

Biological stains: 

Biological stains No ALD. 

Chelating agents, nitriloacids and salts: Yes 

N-Alkylamine bismethylenephosphonic acid No VUPJp). 

N-Alkylaminobismethylene phosphonic acid salts No 

(Diethylenetriamine)pentamethyienephosphonic acid No M\ 

(Diethylenetriamine)pentamethylenephosphonicacid, 

sodium salt No MYO. 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid Yes CGY, DOW. HMP. 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid, pentasodium 

salt Yes CGY, DOW, HMP. MYO. 

N.N-Dihydroxyethylglycine, sodium salt No HMP. 

EthanoWiglycme, disodium salt No HMP. 

(Ethylenedinitriio)tetraacetic acid 

(Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) (EDTA) Yes CGY, DOW, HMP. 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, calcium disodium 

salt No DAN, DOW. 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, diammonium salt Yes CGY, DOW, HMP. 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium copper 

salt, dihydrate No DAN. DOW. HMP. 

(EthylenedinitriloMetraacetic acid, disodium salt Yes CGY, DOW, HMP. 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium zinc 

salt, dihydrate No DOW, HMP. 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, magnesium salt No SHC. 

(Ethylenedinitrilojtetraacetic acid, manganese salt No CGY, HMP. 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, monoammonium 

ferric salt No DOW. 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, monosodium iron 

salt No CGY, FER, HMP. 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetraammonium 

salt No DOW. 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetrapotassium 

salt No HMP, J 2 ). 

§thylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetrasodium salt Yes CGY, DOW, HMP, MYO. 

thylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, trisodium salt No HMP. 

ucoheptonic acid, p-isomer, sodium salt No BLZ. 

Glucoheptonic acid, sodium salt No BLZ, PFN. 

Hexamethylenediaminetetra(methylenephosphonicacid). 

potassium salt No MYO. 

Hydroxyethane-1 -diphosphonic acid No MYO. 

(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo) triacetic acid No HMP. 

(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo)triacetic acid, iron 

salt No DOW, HMP. 

(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo)triaceticacid, 

magnesium salt No DOW. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



14-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, lyyj 

Table 14-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products for which U.S. production and/or sales were 

reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Miscellaneous end-use chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 14-3) 



Chelating agents, nitriloacids and salts-Continued 

(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo)triaceticacid, 

trisodium salt Yes 

Hydroxyethylidene diphosphonic acid, potassium salt ... No 

Hydroxyethylidene diphosphonic acid, sodium salt No 

Nitriloacetic acid, zinc salt No 

Nitrilotriacetic acid No 

Nitrilotriacetic acid, trisodium salt No 

Nitrilo-tris-methylene triphosphonic acid No 

Nitrilo-tris-methylene triphosphonic acid, sodium 

salt No 

2-Phosphonobutane-1 .2,4-tricarboxyiic acid, sodium 

salt No 

Polyamine polymethane phosphonic acid No 

All other chelating agents, nitriloacids and salts No 

Chemical indicators: 

Chemical indicators No 

Chemical reagents and fine chemicals: 
Chemical reagents and fine chemicals No 



Enzymes: 
Hydrolytic enzymes: 
Amylases: 

a-Amylase (pancreatic) No 

Bacterial amylase Yes 

Fungal amylases No 

Glucoamylase No 

All other amylases No 

Proteases: 

Cellulase No 

Papain No 

Protease (bacterial) No 

Rennin Yes 

All other proteases No 

Other hydrolytic enzymes: Yes 

Cholesterol esterase No 

Glucose isomerase No 

Pectinase No 

All other hydrolytic enzymes No 

Non-hydrolytic enzymes: 

Glucose oxidase No 

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase No 

Glycerol kinase No 

Urease No 

Uricase No 

Flotation reagents: 
Phosphorodrthioates, used as flotation reagents: 

Dicresylphosphorodithioic acid No 

Dicresylphosphorodithioic acid, ammonium salt No 

Dicresylphosphorodithioic acid, sodium salt No 

Rosin amines No 

Thiocarbanilide (Diphenylthiourea) No 

Xanthates and sulfides used as flotation reagent: 

Sodium n-butylxanthate No 

All other flotation reagents No 



CGY, DOW, HMP. 

&■ „ 
MYO, f 2 ). 

HMP. 

HMP, MON. 

HMP. 

BKM, MYO, (2), (2). 

MYO, (2). 



BKM, CGY, HMP, (2), (2). 

ALD, GFS, NBI, VNC. 

ENJ, GFS, PAH, PFN, PIC, PLB, REG, 
REG, RSA, UPJ, UPM, (2), (2). 



GNR, LEM. 

GBF, NBI, PMP 

LEM. 

GNR. 

GBF, (2). 

GNR, NBI. 

GBF. 

GNR, NBI. 

PFZ. 

GBF, PMP, SPR. 

BCK. GNR. 

GBF. 

GBF, GNR, JFR, (2). 

BCK. 
BCK. 
BCK. 
BCK. 
BCK. 



ACY. 
ACY. 



ftc. 

ACY. 

USR. 
DAN. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



14-5 



Section 14 



Table 14-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products for which U.S. production and/or sales were 

reported, identified by manufacturer, 1 991 H e e 



Separate 
Miscellaneous end-use chemicals statistics 1 

Fuel additives: Yes 

Diesel fuel additives: 

Hexyl nitrate No 

All other diesel fuel additives, acyclic No 

All other diesel fuel additives, cyclic No 

Fuel oil additives: 

Adipicacid-diethylenetriamine-epichlorohydrin 

polymer No 

Di-tert-amyl-phenyl acid phosphate No 

4,4'-Di-sec-butylaminodiphenylmethane No 

N,N-Dimethyl-1 ,3-propanediamine polymer with 

epichlorohydrin, sulfate No 

N,N'-Disalicylidene-1 ,2-propanediamine ! No 

Formaldehyde polymer with ethylenediamine and nonyl 

phenol derivatives No 

Imidazoline from tall oil fatty acids and 

diethylenetriamine No 

Polybutylether carbamate No 

Polyethylenepolyamine polymer with 1,4-dihyroxy-2- 

butyne No 

Rust preventing additives No 

Tetrahydropyrimidine from tall oil fatty acids and 

propylenediamine No 

All other fuel additives, acyclic No 

All other fuel additives, cyclic No 

Gasoline additivies: 

N,N'-Di-sec-butyl-p-phenylenediamine No 

N.N'-Diisopropyl-p-phenylenediamine No 

Ethylene dibromide No 

Methyl-t-butyl ether Yes 

Methylcyclopentadienylmanganese tricarbonyl No 

N-(1-Methylheptyl)ethanolamine No 

Tetraethyl lead No 

All other gasoline additives, cyclic No 

Lubricating oil and grease additives: 
Phosphorodithioates (dithiophosphates): 

Alkyl imidazoline No 

Alkyl succinic anhydride No 

Alkyl terephthalamate No 

Bomyl phenylamine No 

Chlorosulf urized and sulfurized compounds: 

Sulfurized lard oil No 

Sulfurized sperm oil substitutes No 

Di-2-ethylhexylphosphorodithioic acid No 

Diisopropyl hydrogen phosphite No 

Ethylene-propylene copolymer No 

Fatty acid polyamine condensate No 

Hydrocarbon amine, sulfonate acid No 

Hydrocarbon carboxylic acid derivatives (specify) No 

Hydrocarbon phosphorous acid, barium salt '. No 

Hydrocarbon phosphoryl derivatives No 

Oxidized hydrocarbon mixture No 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonates: 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, barium salt No 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt Yes 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, magnesium salt No 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, mixed salts No 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt No 

All other oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate No 

Pentaerythritol esters No 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 14-3) 



DUP 
TNA. 
SM. 



ALW. 
UPM. 

ftp. 
P). 

§>c. 

ft. 
ALX. 

&P. 

TNA. 



FER, SM, TNA. 



PAH, UPM. 



TNA, UPM. 
DUP, TNA. 
GTL, TNA. 
AMO, ASH. ATR, CGO, CCP, CNE, CO, 

CSD. CSP. DA. ENJ. GRS. LYP. MOC. 

PLC, SM. SOG, SUN. TPC, TX, VLR. 
TNA. 
UPM. 
DUP. 



QCP. 

SOC. 
SOC. 

QCP. 

ELC. 

ELC. 

ALW. 

TX. 

SOC. 

SOC. 

FER, t 2 ). (2). 



ALX. FER. (2). 

TNA. WTC. (2). 

SOC. TNA, TX, WTC. (2), (2). 

WTC. (2). 

PAR. WTC. 

DUP. MON, SOC. TX. 

FER. 



See footnotes at end of table. 
14-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 14-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products for which U.S. production and/or sales were 

reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Miscellaneous end-use chemicals 



Separate 
statistics 1 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 14-3) 



Lubricating oil and grease additives-Continued 

Phenol salts: 

Alkylphenol, calcium salt No 

Alkylphenol, calcium salt, sulfurized No 

Alkyl phenols No 

Dodecylphenol, sulfurized, calcium salt No 

Nonylphenol, barium salt No 

All other phenol salts No 

Succinimides: 

Alkenyl succinimide No 

All other succinimdes No 

Sulfur compounds: 

Aliphatic hydrocarbon sulfides No 

Di-tertiary nonylpolysulfide No 

Triisobutylene polysulfide No 

All other sulfur compounds No 

Polyisobutenyl succinic anhydride No 

1 ,3,4-Thiadiazole, 2,5-bis(dialkyldithio) derivatives No 

Tributyl phosphite No 

Trimethylol propane ester No 

Very high molecular weight (>1000) hydrocarbons No 

Zinc dialkyldithiophosphate No 

Zinc dialkylphenol dithiophosphate No 

Zinc dibutyl phosphorodithioate No 

Zinc dihexyl phosphorodithioate No 

Zinc hydrocarbon dithiophosphate No 

All other phosphorodithioates used as lubricating oil 

and grease additives No 

All other lubricating oil and grease additives, 

acyclic No 

All other lubricating oil and grease additives, 

cyclic No 

Paint driers, naphthenic acid salts: 

Barium naphthenate No 

Cadmium naphthenate No 

Calcium naphthenate No 

Chromium naphthenate No 

Cobalt naphthenate No 

Iron naphthenate No 

Lead naphthenate No 

Manganese naphthenate No 

Naphthenate driers, mixed salts No 

Rare earths naphthenate No 

Zinc naphthenate No 

All other paint dryers, naphthenic acid salts No 

Photographic chemicals: 

4-Diazo-2,5-diethoxymqrpholinobenzene No 

2,5-Diethoxy-4-morphoiinobenzenediazonium 

chloride No 

p-Diethylaminobenzenediazonium chloride (p-Diazo-N,N- 

diethylaniline zinc chloride) No 

p-Dimethylaminobenzenediazonium chloride 

(p-Diazo-N,N-dimethylaniline zinc chloride) No 

N-Ethyl-N-hydroxyethyl-p-phenylenediamine 

sulfate No 

p-Morpholinyl-2,5-dibutoxybenzenediazonium 

chloride No 

Phenyl-5-mercaptotetrazole No 

1-Phenyl-3-pyrazolidone No 

Poly(vinyl-O-suHobenzal) No 

4-N-(1 -Pyrrolidyl)-m-toluenediazonium chloride No 

All photographic chemicals No 



SOC, TX. 
DIX. 

8,c. 

CCA, FER, WTC. 
SOC, TNA. 

SOC, TNA, TX, f 2 ). 
SM. (2). 

ELC, FER, f 2 ). 

PAS. 

AIP. 

FER, QCP, TNA, (2), (2). 

FER. 

ELC. 

ALW. 

SCP. 



& 



ELC, SOC. TNA, TX. 

SOC. 

ELC. 

ELC. 

ft- 

ELC, (2). 

ALW. DUP, ELC. FER. QCP. SCP. SM, 
TNA, TX, (2). 

ENJ, FER, SM, TNA, (2), (2), (2). 

QCP. 

CCA. 

MCI, NOD. TRO. 

MCI. 

MCI, NOD. SHP, TRO. 

MCI. NOD. 

MCI, NOD. SHP. 

MCI, NOD. SHP. 

MCI. 

NOD. 

MCI. NOD. TRO. 

SHP. 

ALL. 

ALL. 

ALL. 

ALL. 

EKT. 

ALL. 

FMT 

CWN. 

DUP. 

ALL. 

ALL. AMD. CHD. DAN, DUP, FMT, (2). (2), 

eu 2 ). 



See footnotes at end of table. 



14-7 



Section 14 

Table 14-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products for which U.S. production and/or sales were 

reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Miscellaneous end-use chemicals 



Separate 
statistics 1 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 14-3) 



Polymers for fibers: Yes 

Cellulose acetate No 

Copolyurethane urea No 

Nylon 6 and 6/6: 

Nylon 6 (Polymer for fiber, only) No 

Nylon 6/6 No 

Polyacrylonitrile and acryionitrile copolymers No 

Polyethylene terephthalate Yes 

Poly-p-phenylene terephthalamide No 

All other polymers for fibers No 

Poly-m-phenylene isophthalamide No 

Polymers, water soluble: 

Acrylamide polymers and co-polymers: Yes 

Acrylamide-2-acrylamido-2-metriylpropanesulfonic 

acid, sodium salt polymer No 

Acrylamide-acrylic acid copolymer, sodium salt No 

Acrylamide-trimethylaminoethyl acrylate chloride 

polymer No 

Acrylamide-trimethylaminoethyl methacrylate 

chloride No 

Adipic acid-crosslinked polycrylamide No 

Polyacrylamide No 

All other polyacrylamide copolymers No 

Cellulose esters and ethers: Yes 

Hydroxyethylcellulose No 

Hydroxyethyl hydroxypropyl cellulose No 

2-Hydroxypropyl cellulose No 

Methylcellulose No 

Sodium carboxymethylcellulose (100%) Yes 

All other cellulose ethers and esters No 

Dimethylamine epichlorohydrin ethylenediamine 

copolymer No 

Ethyl acrylate methacrylic acid copolymer No 

Hydroxypropyl guar gum No 

Poly(acrylic acid, ethyl ester) No 

Poly(acrylic acid, methyl ester/ethylene/1,1- 
dichlorosuccinic acid, methylene-) with ethyl 

acrylate No 

Polyacrylic acid salts: Yes 

Ammonium polyacrylate No 

Polyacrylate methacrylate copolymers No 

Polyacrylate poly(hydroxypropylacrylate) copolymer ... No 

Polyacrylic acid No 

Sodium ammonium polyacrylate and copolymers Yes 

Sodium carboxymethyl amylose No 

Sodium carboxymethyl starch No 

Sodium polyacrylate No 

Sodium polyacrylate, grafted No 

All other polyacrylic acid salts No 

Polyacrylonitrile, hydrolyzed No 

Polyacrylonitrile, starch hydrolized polymer No 

Polyamines No 

Polydextrose No 

Poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride No 

All other polymers, water soluble No 

Polymethacrylic acid, sodium salt No 

Poly(1 ,1 '-(methylimino)bis(3-chloro-2-propanol)- 

tetramethylethylenediamine No 

1-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone, copolymers with vinyl 

acetate No 



EKT. 
DUP. 

ACS, BLY, CNP. 

DUP, MON. 

ACY, BKM, DUP, MON. 

DUP, EKT, FBI, FRF, GYR. 

DUP. 

HCL. 

DUP. 



BKM, (2). 
ft- 

BKM, ENJ, SCP, (2), (2). 
ACY, ENJ, MRK, SQA, f 2 ). 
ACY, HCL. (2). 

AQU, DOW, UCC, UPJ. 

AQU. 

DOW. 

AQU, CBC, LCS, MAK. 

AQU, PAH. S. 

ft- 
ALC. 
AQU. 
DUP. 



DUP. 

CCL, RH, (2), (2). 
jHA. 

MYO. ( 2 ), (2). 

ALC, BAS. BFG. DIX, RH, SCP, (2), (2). 
CCL, SOH. 

BKM, MYO, SYT, (2). 

BAS. BFG; DOW, PAH. RH, (2), (2), (2). 

BKM, GPC, RH. 

GPC. 

ENJ, QCP. 

PFZ. 

CPS, MRK. (2). 

BKM. DAN. GAF PRA. RDA. RH. SCP. 

SYT. (2). (2). (2), (2), (2). 
ALC. 

BKM. 

DAN. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



14-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 14-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products for which U.S. production and/or sales were 

reported, identified by manufacturer, 1991 



Miscellaneous end-use chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 14-3) 



Polymers, water soluble-Continued 

1-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone, polymers No 

Xanthan gum No 

Poly-olefins: 

Poly-a-olefins No 

Poly-a-olefins, sulfurized No 

Rare sugars: 

l-Arabinose No 

D-Galactose No 

D-Glucosamine hydrochloride No 

D-Maltose No 

All other rare sugars No 

Silicone greases: 

Silicone greases No 

Tanning materials, synthetic: 

1 -Naphthalenesulfonic acid.formaldehyde condensate 

and salt No 

2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate 

and salt No 

1 -Phenol-2-sulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate 

(Phenol-formaldehyde.sulfonated) No 

Polyoxyalkylated cyclic amines No 

All other tanning materials, synthetic No 

Textile chemicals, other than surface active agents: Yes 

Alkylphenol/formaldehyde polymer No 

N,N-bis-(2-Hydroxyethyl)octadecanamide No 

N,N-Dibenzylhydroxylamine No 

Dicyanodiamide formaldehyde ammonium 

chloride polymer No 

DimethylokJihydroxyethylene urea No 

Formaldehyde polymer with carbamate esters No 

Hydrogenated tallow fatty acid aminoethylethanolamine 

condensation products No 

Lauryl alkyl dimethylamine acetate No 

Lauryl alkyl dimethylamine phosphate No 

Melamine formaldehyde methanol polymer No 

Melamine formaloehyde copolymer No 

Melamine stearyl alcohol polymer No 

Propoxylated starches No 

2,2',4,4'-Tetrahydroxybenzophenone No 

Tri(behenoyloxymethyl)trimethoxymethylmelamine No 

Urea polymers with formaldehyde and methanol No 

All textile chemicals, other than surface 

active agents No 

Urea, by end-use markets: 
Urea, primary solution (report on 100% urea-content 
basis) No 

Urea in compounds or mixtures (100% basis): 

Urea in feed compounds (100% basis) Yes 

Urea in liquid fertilizer (100% basis) Yes 

Urea in plastics (100% basis) No 

Urea in solid fertilizer (100% basis) Yes 



DAN, GAF. 
PFZ. 

SM, SOC, TNA. 
QCP, SM. 

PFN. 
PFN. 

?)■ 

PFN. 

BCK. 

DCC, SPD, SWS. 



RH, S. 

HMP. 

RH. 
MIL 
SCP. 

8» 

ccc. 

CCC, DAN, S. 

ACY, CCC, CHP. DAN. SYT. 

SYT. 



CCC. 




CCC, DUP CHP, ENJ. 



ARM, BNP, CAC, CFI, CHN, FRI, HKY, 
MSC, SOC, SOH, TRI, UOC, WLC. 
WYC. 

BNP. CAC, HKY, SOH. TRI, WYC. 
ARM, BNP, CFI, CHN, FRI, HKY, MSC, 

SMP, SOC. SOH, UOC, (2). 
BCP, BNP, SOH, TRI. 
BCP, CAC, CFI, FRI, HKY. SOH. TRI. 

UOC. WLC. WYC. 



1 Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'yes.' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'no.' 

2 The manufacturer did not consent to be identified with the designated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



14-9 



Section 14 

Table 14-3 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 

1991 



Code Name of company 

ACS Allied Signal, inc. Engineered 

Materials Sector 

ACY American Cyanamid Co. 

AIP Air Products & Chemicals, Inc. 

AJI Ajinomoto USA, Inc. 

ALC Alco Chemical Corp. 

ALD Aldrich Chemical Co., Inc. 

ALL Alliance Chemical, Inc. 

ALW Albright & Wilson Americas, Inc. 

ALX AloxCorp. 

AMD Cyclo Products, Inc. 

AMO Amoco Corp. 

AQU Aqualon 

ARM LaRoche Industries, Inc. 

ATR Atlantic Richfield Co., Arco Chemical 

Co. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BCK Beckman Instruments, Inc., 

Diagnostics System Group 

BCP Borden Chemical & Plastics Delaware 

Limited 

BFG B. F. Goodrich Co. 

BKM Buckman Laboratories, inc. 

BLY Berkley & Co., Inc. 

BLZ Belzak Corp. 

BNP Terra International, Inc. 

BRS Bristol-Myers Co. 

CAC Cominco Fertilizers, Inc. 

CBC Carbose Corp. 

CCA Akzo Chemicals, Inc. 

CCC C.N.C. International, Inc. 

CCL Catawba-Chariab, Inc. 

CFI CF Industries, Inc. 

CGO Citgo Petroleum, Corp. 

CGY Ciba-Geigy Corp. 

CHD Chemdesign, Corp. 

CHN Wil-Gro Fertilizer, inc. 

CHP C. H. Patrick & Co., Inc. 

CHT Chattem, Inc. 

CNE Oxy Petrochemicals, Inc. 

CNP DSM Chemicals, North America 

CO Conoco Specialty Products, Inc. 

CPS CPS Chemical, Co.. Inc. 

CSD Fina Oil & Chemical Co. 

CSP Coastal Refining & Marketing, Inc. 

CWN Upjohn Co., Fine Chemicals 

DA Diamond Shamrock Refining & 

Marketing 

DAN Hickson Danchem Corp. 

DCC Dow Coming Corp. 



Code Name of company 

DGC Degussa Corp. 

DIX Dixie Chemical Co., Inc. 

DOW Dow Chemical Co 

DUP E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. 

ED/IMG Dept. 

Fibers Dept. 

EK Eastman Kodak Co.: 

EKT Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 

ELC Elco Corp. Sub. of Detrex Chemical 

Industries, Inc. 

ENJ Exxon Chemical Americas 

FBI Fiber Industries, Inc. 

FER Ferro Corp.: 

Bedford Chemical Div. 

Keil Chemical Div. 

FMT Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc. 

FRF Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., Firestone 

Fibers & Textiles Co. 

FRI Farmland Industries, Inc. 

GAF ISP Chemicals. Inc. 

GBF International Bio-Synthetics, Inc. 

GFS GFS Chemicals, Inc. 

GNR Genencor, Inc. 

GPC Grain Processing Corp. 

GRS Citgo Refining & Chemicals, Inc. 

GTL Great Lakes Chemical Corp. 

GYR Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 

HCL Hoechst Celanese Corp: 

Fibers Industrial Div. 

Sou-Tex Works. 

HKY Arcadian Corp. 

HMP W. R. Grace & Co., Organic Chemicals 

Div. 

Hampshire Chemical Div. 

HPC Hercules, Inc. 

JFR George A. Jeffreys & Co., Inc. 

LEM Napp Chemicals, Inc. 

LYP Lyondell Petrochemical Co. 

MAK MAK Chemical Corp. 

MCI Mooney Chemicals, Inc. 

MIL Miiliken & Co., Milliken Chemical Div. 

MNA Monsanto Co., Agricultural Group 

MOC Marathong Oil Co. 

MON Monsanto Co. 

MRK Merck & Co., Inc. 

MSC Mississippi Chemical Corp. 

MYO Mayo Chemical Co., Inc. 

NBI Novo Nordisk Biochem, Inc. 

NOD Huls America, Inc. 



14-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 14-3— Continued 

Miscellaneous end-use chemicals and chemical products: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 

1991 



Code 



Name of company 



Code Name of company 

SOH BP Chemicals, Inc. 

SPD General Electric Co., Silicone Products 

Div. 

SPR Scientific Protein Laboratories 

SQA Sequa Chemicals, Inc. 

SUN Sun Co., Inc. 

SWS Wacker Silicones, Corp. 

SYT Synthron, Inc. 

TNA Ethyl Corp. 

TPC Texas Petrochemicals Corp. 

TRI Triad Chemical 

TRO Troy Chemical Corp. 

TX Texaco Chemical Co. 

UCC Union Carbide Corp., Industrial 

Chemical Div. 

UOC Union Oil Co. of California 

UPJ Upjohn Co. 

UPM UOP Inc. 

USR Uniroyal Chemical Co., Inc. 

VLR Valero Refining & Marketing Co. 

VNC Vanderbilt Chemical Corp. 

WLC Freeport-McMoran Resource Partners 

WTC WitcoCorp. 

WYC Coastal Chem, Inc. 



PAH Parish Chemical Co. 

PAR Pennzoil Products Co., Penreco Div. 

PAS ELF Atochem North America, Inc. 

PFZ Pfizer, Inc. 

PIC Pierce Chemical Co. 

PLB Pharmacia P-L Biochemicals, Inc. 

PLC Phillips 66 Co. 

PMP PMP Fermentation Products, Inc. 

PRA Para-Chem Southern, Inc. 

QCP Quaker Chemical Corp. 

RDA Rhone-Poulenc, Inc. 

REG Regis Chemical Co. 

RH Rohm & Haas Co. 

RSA R.S.A. Corp. 

S Sandoz Chemical Corp., Colors & 

Chemicals Div. 

SCP Henkel Corp. 

SHC Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. 

SHP Shepherd Chemical Co. 

SM Mobil Oil Corp., Chemical Product Div. 

Beaumont Refinery Div. 

SMP J. R. Simplot Co. 

SOC Chevron Corp., Chevron Chemical Gd. 

SOG Phibro Refining 



Note.— Complete names, telephone numbers, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in table 1 of 
the appendix. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



14-11 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Section 15 

Miscellaneous Cyclic and Acyclic 

Chemicals 

The tenn "miscellaneous chemicals" as it is used 
here comprises those synthetic organic products that 
are not included in the use groups covered by sections 
I-XTV of this report They include products that are 
employed in a great variety of applications. The 
number of chemicals used extensively for only one 
purpose is not large. Among the products covered in 
this section are those used for refrigerants, aerosols, 
solvents, catalysts, corrosion inhibitors, additives in 
plastics and food products, and, especially, a- wide 
range of acyclic chemical intermediates. 

Figure 15-1 shows the trend of production of 
miscellaneous chemicals during 1987-91, and shows 
that the substantial rate of increase after 1985 came to 
an end in 1991. Production in 1991 was practically the 
same as in 1990, as was the volume of sales. However, 
the value of sales decreased 3.5 percent, reflecting 
lower prices as well as a different product mix. 

U.S. production of miscellaneous cyclic and 
acyclic chemicals in 1991 (Table 1-15) amounted to 
49.9 billion kilograms; acyclic chemicals comprised 
96.4 percent of this section's total production. 

Because most of the production of miscellaneous 
chemicals is used internally by their producers to make 
more advanced intermediates and other chemical 
products, their sales are much smaller than their 
production. In 1991, sales of miscellaneous chemicals 
were 20.5 billion kilograms, valued at $12.5 billion, 
compared with 21.2 billion kilograms, valued at $14.5 
billion, in 1990. The average unit value of sales in 
1991. 66.0 cents per kilogram, was 3.5 percent smaller 
than the previous year's 68.4 cents per kilogram. 

Oxygenated hydrocarbons accounted for about 62 
percent of the production of all acyclic miscellaneous 
chemicals, compared with 60 percent in 1990. 
Production of oxygenated hydrocarbons, which include 
organic acids, alcohols (the largest group), ketones, 
esters, ethers, aldehydes, epoxides, and other 
chemicals, was 30.0 billion kilograms in 1991, a 
significant increase over the 28.7 billion kilograms 
produced in 1990. 

Essentially the same in volume in miscellaneous 
acyclic chemicals are the alcohols group and the 



chlorinated hydrocarbons group, the latter numbering 
nearly 50 chemicals. Production of chlorinated 
hydrocarbons was about 12.0 billion kilograms in 
1991, about 1.2 billion kilograms less than in 1990. 
Carbon tetrachloride, dichloromethane, 

tetrachloroethylene, 1.1,1-trichloroethane, vinyl 
chloride, and perchlorethylene (among the publishable 
items) lost ground in production in 1991. However, 
chloroform, methyl chloride, and some of the smaller 
items held their own or increased slightly. (Production 
of several of these chlorinated chemicals, because of 
their negative effect on stratospheric ozone, is being 
phased out over a number of years by international 
agreement.) 

The alcohols comprise two groups — monohydric 
alcohols (e.g., methanol, synthetic ethyl alcohol) and 
polyhydric alcohols (e.g., ethylene glycol). Their 
production in 1991, 11.8 billion kilograms, was 15 
percent larger than in 1990. The greatest gain was 
engendered by certain of the "all other" alcohols. Of 
those specifically identified, methanol, the leader, was 
up by 5 percent in production in 1991, whereas 
ethylene glycol, ranking second in production volume, 
was slightly down. 

Virtually in a tie for third place among the major 
categories of miscellaneous acyclic chemicals, each 
with production between 4.1 and 4.5 in kilograms in 
1991. are aldehydes, nitrogenous compounds, and 
acids/anhydrides. All three groups declined in 1991: 
production of acids dropped 16 percent from the 
previous year, that of nitrogenous chemicals 10 
percent, and aldehydes 0.8 percent. Noteworthy for 
increased production in 1991 were butyraldehydes, 
acrylic acid, dimer acid, and hydrogenated fatty acids. 

In the other groups in section 15, those that were 
produced in greater volume in 1991 than in 1990 
include benzoyl peroxide, sodium acetate, methyl ethyl 
ketone, n-butyl acetate, butyl acrylate. vinyl acetate, 
diethylene glycol monobutyl ether, polyethylene 
glycol, chlorodifluoromethane (F-22), acyclic 
peroxides, and phosgene. 

Table 15-2 lists the products in this section 
individually identified by manufacturer(s) codes. Table 
15-3 lists those codes alphabetically and identifies the 
manufacturer by name. 

Aimison Jonnard 
202-205-3350 



15-1 



Section 15 

Figure 15-1 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production, 1987-91 



Billons 

of kilograms 




1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



15-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table 15-1 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1991 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity Value 



Average 

unit 

value 1 



Grand total 

Cyclic 

Total 

Benzoic acid esters 

Benzoic acid salts, total 

Potassium benzoate 

Benzoyl peroxide 

tert-butyl peroxybenzoate 

Caprolactam 

Hexamethylenetetramine 

Lactones 

Maleic anhydride 3 

Morpholine 

Pinene and derivatives, total 

Pine oil, natural, sulfate 

Pine oil, synthetic 

All other pinene and derivatives 

Succinic anhydride derivatives, total 

Dodecenylsuccinic anhydride 

Octenylsuccinic anhydride 

All other succinic anhydride derivatives 

All other miscellaneous cyclic chemicals . 

Acyclic 

Total 

Nitrogenous compounds 

Total 

Amides, total 

Erucamide 

N.N'-Ethylenebis-stearamide 

All other amides 

Amines, total 4 

Butylamines, total 

n-Buty lamine 

Di-n-butylamine 

All other butylamines 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
kilograms 

49,753,773 



1,770.685 



721,625 



1,000 
kilograms 



1,000 
dollars 



47,983,088 


20,636,107 


13,164,240 


4,197,068 


1,835,077 


1,685,961 


72,217 


75,978 


141,397 



Per 
kilogram 



21,359,432 14,689,787 $0.66 



723,325 1,525,547 2.11 



1.615 


715 


1,981 


2.77 


( 2 ) 


17,055 


22.212 


1.30 


( 2 ) 


3,139 


5,102 


1.62 


7,367 


5,866 


33,534 


5.72 


2,905 


2.956 


15,683 


5.31 


582,214 


147,828 


216,811 


1.47 


31,928 


( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


I 2 ) 


80,202 


10,611 


28,127 


2.65 


172.726 


142,857 


124,166 


.87 


24.162 


15,427 


26,119 


1.69 


142.645 


31,520 


33,908 


1.08 


2,254 


1,668 


1,136 


.68 


21,539 


21,375 


24,288 


1.14 


118,852 


8,477 


8,484 


1.00 


( 2 ) 


9,117 


20,529 


2.25 


2,135 


1,664 


3,494 


2.10 


1,161 


1,062 


4,000 


3.77 


( 2 ) 


6,391 


13,035 


2.04 



339,373 1,002,477 2.95 



.64 



.92 



1.86 



5,314 
14,029 
52,874 

508,320 


3,978 
14,217 
57,783 

329,424 


18,455 

20,602 

102,340 

450,238 


4.64 
1.45 
1.77 

1.37 


10,103 

( 2 ) 
3,690 

( 2 ) 


10,360 
1.226 
3,562 
5.572 


23,637 
2,707 
6,453 

14,477 


2.28 
2.21 
1.81 
2.60 



15-3 



Section 15 

Table 15-1— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1991 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity Value 



Average 

unit 

value 1 



1,000 
kilograms 



Acyclic— Continued 

Nitrogenous compounds— Continued 

Amines— Continued 

Diethylenetriamine 

Dimethylaminopropylamine 

Diethylamine 

Ethylenediamine 

Triethylamine 

Triethyleneietramine 

All other amines 

Aminoethylethanolamine 

Ethanolamines. total 3 

2,2'-Aminodietrianol (Diethanolamine) 

2-Aminoethanol (Monoethanolamine) 

2,2',2"-Nitrilotriethanol (Triethanolamine) . , 

Nitriles, total 

Acetonitrile 

Acrylonitrile 3 

2-Methyllactonrtrile (Acetone cyanohydrin) . 
All other nitriles 

All other nitrogenous compounds 

Acids, acyl haltdes and anhydrides 

Total 

Acetic add. synthetic, 100% 

Acetic anhydride 

Acrylic acid 

Dimer acid (C36 dibasic acid) 

Fatty acids 

Fatty acids, hydrogenated 5 

Fumaric add 

Pivaloyl chloride 

All other acids, acyl halides and anhydrides . . 



976.307 



1,000 
kilograms 



1,000 
dollars 



396,672 



315,953 



Per 
kilogram 



32,709 


25,431 


59,841 


$2.35 


6,445 


4,299 


9,900 


2.30 


7,405 


2,479 


4,778 


1.93 


41,453 


26,177 


47,580 


1.82 


(2) 


9,679 


18,259 


1.89 


13,881 


9,571 


17,713 


1.85 


396,324 


241,428 


268,530 


1.12 


11,010 


( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


(?) 


298,403 


223,111 


195,084 


.87 


89,934 


75.440 


60,215 


.80 


122.494 


69,697 


60,724 


.87 


85,975 


77,974 


74,145 


.95 


2.330,811 


809,892 


583,289 


.72 


10,243 


( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


f 2 ) 


1,200,857 


768,859 


508.096 


.66 


536,270 


fl 


(*) 


(*) 


583,441 


41,033 


75.193 


1.83 



.80 



4.125,121 


1.405.956 


1,312,304 


.93 


1,639,897 


483,010 


199,868 


.41 


(2) 


154,145 


142,236 


.92 


511,976 


146,457 


164,942 


1.13 


18,647 


15,345 


17.370 


1.13 


13.422 


13,644 


9.367 


.69 


195,254 


151,805 


95.718 


.63 


(2) 


11,553 


14,344 


1.24 


2.685 


( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


(2) 


1.743.240 


429,997 


668,459 


1.55 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table 15-1— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1991 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity Value 



Average 

unit 

value 1 



Acyclic— Continued 
Salts of organic acids 

Total 

Acetic acid salts, total 

Ammonium acetate 

Potassium acetate 

Sodium acetate 

All other acetic acid salts 

2-Ethylhexanoic acid (a-Ethylcaproic acid) salts, 
total 

Calcium 2-ethylhexanoate 

Cobalt 2-ethylhexanoate 

Lead 2-ethylhexanoate 

Manganese 2-ethylhexanoate 

Zinc 2-ethylhexanoate 

All other 2-ethylhexanoic acid salts 

Lactic acid salts 

Laurie acid salts 

Octanoic acid, aluminum salt 

Oxalic acid salts 

Propionic acid, calcium salt 

Stearic acid salts, total 6 

Aluminum stearates, total 

Aluminum monostearate 

Aluminum tristearate 

All other aluminum stearate salts 

Cadmium stearate 

Calcium stearate 

Magnesium stearate 

Zinc stearate 

All other stearic acid salts 

All other salts of organic acids 



1,000 
kilograms 



172,829 



23,448 



1,000 
kilograms 



146,856 



1,000 
dollars 



10,056 



249,581 



20,957 



Per 
kilogram 



$1.70 
2.08 



33 


21 


56 


2.67 


1,210 


1,239 


1,915 


1.54 


20.014 


© 


( 2 ) 


ft 


2,191 


ft 


ft 


ft 


10,047 


7,584 


27,499 


3.63 


1,459 


1,309 


2,857 


2.18 


1,640 


1,437 


8,214 


5.72 


139 


128 


284 


2.22 


469 


478 


1.253 


2.62 


727 


207 


730 


3.53 


5,613 


4,025 


14.161 


3.52 


276 


292 


959 


3.29 


577 


154 


1.190 


7.71 


136 


( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


ft 


23 


46 


183 


3.99 


16.378 


14.245 


14.199 


1.00 


64.232 


62,774 


93,753 


1.49 


ft 


2,068 


5,344 


2.58 


184 


ft 


ft 


ft 


664 


703 


2,089 


2.97 


8 


1,365 


3,255 


2.39 


ft 


37 


229 


6.19 


40,546 


39.943 


47,195 


1.18 


3.347 


3.584 


7,395 


2.06 


15,723 


15.224 


28.483 


1.87 


3.768 


1.918 


5,107 


2.66 



57,712 



51,705 



90,841 1.75 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-5 



Section 15 



Table 15-1— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: 



U.S. production and sales, 1991 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 





Sales 




Average 
unit 


Production 


Quantity 


Va|ue 


value 1 


1,000 
kilograms 


1,000 
kilograms 


1,000 
dollars 


Per 
kilogram 



Acyclic— Continued 
Aldehydes 

Total 

n-ButyraWehyde 

Formaldehyde (37% by weight) 3 

All other aldehydes 

Ketones 

Total 

Acetone 

Diacetone alcohol (Hydroxymethyl perrtanone) 

Methyl ethyl ketone (2-Butanone) 

4-Methyl-2-pentanone (Methyl isobutyl ketone) 
All other ketones 

Alcohols, monohydric, unsubstituted 

Total 

Alcohols, C11 or lower, unmixed, total 

n-Butyl alcohol (n-Propylcarbinol) 

Isobutyl alcohol (Isopropylcarbinol) 3 

Ethyl alcohol, synthetic 7 

2-Ethyl-1 -hexanol 

Isopropyl alcohol 

Methanol, synthetic 

Propyl alcohol (Propanol) 

All other alcohols, Cn or lower, unmixed 

Alcohols, C-I2 and higher, unmixed, total 

Dodecanol (Lauryl alcohol) 

All other alcohols, C12 and higher, unmixed . 

Mixtures of alcohols, total 

Containing Cn and lower 

Containing C12 throughC-is 8 

All other mixtures of alcohols 



4,514,072 



870,437 

2,999,191 

644,444 



1,437,649 



1,177,127 



280,153 $0.24 



31,595 
979.529 
166,003 



1,133,340 



16,106 
127,319 
136,728 



736,640 



.51 
.13 
.82 



.65 



1,064,701 


778.430 


397,225 


.51 


ft 


8,803 


10,793 


1.23 


232,761 


225,565 


168,574 


.75 


82,049 


79.923 


83,933 


1.05 


58,138 


40.619 


76,115 


1.87 


8,477,026 


4,376,636 


1,685,521 


..39 


7,801,956 


4,126,041 


1,353,828 


.33 


598,641 


338,502 


186,834 


.55 


61,226 


61.232 


32,721 


.53 


124,835 


268.035 


139,151 


.52 


297,975 


159.846 


119,874 


.75 


608,656 


498,258 


270,145 


.54 


3.948,035 


2,494,614 


379.606 


.15 


78,710 


47,499 


38.294 


.81 


2,083,878 


258,055 


187,203 


.73 


96,611 


( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


ft 


ft 


4,101 


7,483 


1.83 


ft 


ft 


( 2 ) 


ft 


578,459 


( 2 ) 


ft 


ft 


ft 


49,224 


49,765 


1.01 


313,845 


145,303 


196.651 


1.35 


264,614 


( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


ft 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table 15-1— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production and 



sales, 1991 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Sales 



Production 



Quantity Value 



1,000 
kilograms 



1,000 
kilograms 



1,000 
dollars 



Average 

unit 

value 1 



Per 
kilogram 



Acyclic— Continued 

Esters of monohydric alcohols 

Total 2,948,534 

Butylacetates, total 

n-Butyi acetate 

Isobutyl acetates 

Butyl acrylate 

sec-Butyl chloroformate 

Dilauryl-3,3'-thiodipropionate 

Distearyl-3,3'-thiodipropionate 

Ethyl acetate (100% basis) 3 

Ethyl acrylate 

2-Ethylhexyl acrylate 

Fatty acid esters, not included with plasticizers or 
surface-active agents, total 

Methyl esters of tallow 

All other fatty acid esters, not included with 

plasticers or surface-active agents 

Isopropyl acetate 

Methyl methacryiate 

Phosphorus acid esters, not elsewhere 

specified 

Propyl acetate 

Vinyl acetate 

All other esters of monohydric alcohols 

Polyhydric alcohols 9 

Total 

1.4-Butanediol 215,951 

Ethylene glycol 3 2,181,568 

Pentaerythritol 51,767 

Propylene glycol 301.902 

Sorbitol (70%) 66.114 

Sorbitol, crystalline 66,349 

All other polyhydric alcohols 459,805 



1,724,640 1,420,998 $0.82 



193.736 


120.425 


94,985 


.79 


167,956 


95.600 


76,845 


.80 


25.780 


24.825 


18.140 


.73 


285.169 


118,312 


144.546 


1.22 


1,013 


841 


2,428 


2.89 


625 


633 


2,434 


3.84 


2,287 


2.244 


8,857 


3.95 


117.811 


108.634 


82,042 


.76 


138.987 


63,155 


69,729 


1.10 


48.027 


41.443 


56,847 


1.37 


9.440 


2,060 


4,418 


2.15 


ft 


240 


219 


.91 


9.440 


1,820 


4,199 


2.31 


24.381 


20.817 


19,232 


.92 


499.790 


46,410 


38,482 


.83 


34.448 


24.950 


66,353 


2.66 


36.146 


31,478 


32,240 


1.02 


1,239.389 


973,470 


546,959 


.56 


317,285 


169,768 


251,446 


1.48 


3.343.456 


2,619,154 


1.608.435 


.61 



ft 

2.004,390 

50,335 

243,078 

59,065 

60,621 

ft 



( 2 ) 

925,262 

67.307 

224.420 

32.761 

72.415 

ft 



ft 
.46 

1.34 
.92 
.55 

1.19 
ft 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-7 



Section 15 

Table 15-1 — Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1991 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity Value 



Average 

unit 

value 1 



Acyclic — Continued 

Esters and ethers of polyhydrlc alcohols 

Total 

Polyhydric alcohol esters, total 

2-Butoxyethyl acetate 

All other polyhydric alcohol esters 

Polyhydric alcohol ethers, total 

2-Butoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol 
monobutyl ether) 

2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol mono- 
butyl ether) 

2-[2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene 
glycol monobutyl ether) 

Diethylene glycol 

2-Ethoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol ethyl ether) 

2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol mono- 
ethyl ether) 

Glycol ethers derived from propylene oxide 

2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol 
monomethyl ether) 

2-[2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene 
glycol monomethyl ether) 

Polyether polyols based on propylene oxide, total . 
Polypropylene glycol 

Sorbitol, alkoxylated & ethoxylated 

Polyethylene glycol 

Polytetramethylene glycol ether 

Tetraethylene glycol 

Triethylene glycol 

All other polyhydric alcohol ethers 

Brominated hydrocarbons 

Total 

1 -Bromobutane 

All other brominated hydrocarbons 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
kilograms 



1,143.285 



133,005 



6,173 
126,832 

1,010,280 



156,437 

109,070 

12.250 

221,185 

31,886 

12.797 
79,592 

15,959 

11,959 
31,439 

( 2 ) 

375 

61.519 

( 2 ) 

12,782 

53,302 

199,728 



12,863 



( 2 ) 
12,863 



1,000 
kilograms 



873,754 



116.429 



5,676 
110.753 

757.325 



164,896 
39,048 



( 2 ) 



369 
( 2 ) 



1,000 
dollars 



110,922 



44,809 



( 2 ) 



938 
( 2 ) 



Per 
kilogram 



943,177 $1.08 
181.739 1.56 



8,693 1.53 
173,046 1.56 

761,438 1.01 



.67 



1.15 



( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


ft 


169,271 


87,266 


.52 


18.359 


12,366 


.67 


10,814 


14,171 


1.31 


47,572 


49,414 


1.04 


15,842 


14,819 


.94 


( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


ft 


12,364 


18,853 


1.52 


8,754 


13,458 


1.54 


( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


61,802 


87,350 


1.41 


22,899 


78.925 


3.45 


( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


46,480 


44,764 


.96 


147,978 


197,779 


1.34 



ft 

2.54 
ft 



15-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table 15-1 — Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1991 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 





Sales 




Average 
unit 


Production 


Quantity 


Value 


value 1 


1,000 
kilograms 


1,000 
kilograms 


1,000 
dollars 


Per 
kilogram 



Acyclic — Continued 
Chlorinated hydrocarbons 

Total 11,998,453 

Carbon tetrachloride 3 142,944 

Chlorinated paraffins: 

35%-64% chlorine 39,637 

65% or more chlorine 7,694 

Chloroform (Trichloromethane) 228,901 

Chloromethane (Methyl chloride) 3 415,297 

Dichloromethane (Methylene chloride) 176,648 

Ethylene dichloride (1,2-Dichloroethane) 3 6,220,003 

Tetrachloroethylene (Perchloroethylene) 1 08,624 

1,1,1-Trichloroethane (Methyl chloroform) 292,285 

Vinyl chloride, monomer (Chloroethylene) 3 4,024,514 

All other chlorinated hydrocarbons5 341 ,906 

Fluorinated (including other fluorohalogenated) 
hydrocarbons 

Total 367,335 

Chlorodifluoromethane (F-22) 142,641 

Dichlorodifluoromethane (F-12) 71 ,253 

Trichlorof luoromethane (F-11) 44,91 6 

All other fluorinated (including other 

fluorohalogenated) hydrocarbons 1 08,525 

All other miscellaneous acyclic chemicals 

Total 5,245,397 

Acyclic peroxides, total 37,615 

2-Butanone peroxide (MEK peroxide) 2,791 

All other acyclic peroxides 34,824 

Expoxides, ethers and acetals, total 4,049,128 

Ethylene oxide 2,380,363 

All other expoxides, ethers and acetals 1,668,765 

Fats and oils, chemically modified, total 10 17,562 

Hydrogenated tallow glycerides 7,756 

All other fats oils, chemically modified 9,806 

Hydrocarbons 13,221 

See footnotes at end of table. 



4,264,596 


1,048,353 


$.25 


172,911 


25,292 


.15 


39,243 


26,103 


.67 


7,609 


7,727 


1.02 


214,119 


88,692 


.41 


74,624 


27,703 


.37 


140,897 


48,679 


.35 


1,439,902 


139,592 


.10 


165,326 


36,248 


.22 


241,469 


120,256 


.50 


1,641,925 


455,996 


.28 


126,571 


72,065 


.57 



304,716 



52,096 



32,778 



2,546 
30,232 

508,430 



245,346 
263,084 

16,942 



7,329 
9,613 

( 2 ) 



744,582 2.44 



108,414 


260,405 


2.40 


88,160 


184,250 


2.09 


56,046 


96,316 


1.72 



203,611 3.91 



774,255 1,448,535 



197,815 



23,250 
174,565 



237,317 
288,560 



4,638 
12,969 

( 2 ) 



1.87 
6.04 



9.13 
5.76 



525,877 1.03 



.97 
1.10 



17,607 1.04 



.63 
1.35 

( 2 ) 



15-9 



Section 15 

Table 15-1— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1991 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Average 

unit 

value 1 



1,000 
kilograms 



Acyclic— Continued 

All other miscellaneous acyclic 
chemicals— Continued 

Organo-aluminum compounds 

Organo-boron compounds 

Organ-tin compounds 

Phosgene (Carbonyl chloride) 

Silicone fluids 

All other miscellaneous acyclic chemicals . 

Mixtures not specifically itemized 

Total 

Fatty acid residues 

All other mixtures not specifically itemized 11 



141,286 



68,111 
73,175 



1,000 
kilograms 



1,000 
dollars 



119,651 



29,532 
90,119 



36,275 



3,171 
33,104 



Per 
kilogram 



49,154 


15,232 


72,623 


$4.77 


A 


359 


2.615 


7.28 


13,645 


11,400 


72,655 


6.37 


318,242 


( 2 ) 


( 2 ) 


ft 


60,179 


43,715 


237,565 


5.43 


686,651 


145,399 


321,778 


2.21 



.30 



.11 
.37 



1 Calculated from unrounded figures. 

2 Reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published, or no data were reported. 

3 The difference between the production reported here and that shown on the Preliminary Report on U.S. 
Production of Selected Organic Chemicals (including Synthetic Plastics and Resin Materials), 1991, results from a 
combination of incorrect reporting or non-reporting by some companies, and end-of-year inventory and other 
adjustments. 

4 Statistics limited to compounds of carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen; and exclude production and sales of fatty 
amines. Statistics on fatty amines are included in the section on "Surface-Active Agents." 

5 Excludes minor amounts reported as "fatty acids" and t)artially hydrogenate." 

6 Statistics exclude production and sales of potassium and sodium stearates. Statistics on these stearates are 
included in the section on "Surface-Active Agents." 

7 Synthetic ethyl alcohol is conventionally defined as that portion made from ethylene. Bureau of Alcohol, 
Tobacco, and Firearms statistics give the production from "natural" sources, mainly grain. 

8 Includes small amount of mixtures of alcohols on both sides of the C1 1 -C1 2 dividing line. 

9 Some polyols which are used as intermediates for urethanes have been included in the section on "Plastics and 
Resin Materials." 

10 Other than esters, salts, alcohols, acids, or acyl halides, which are tabulated in preceding groups. 

11 Products included here are predominately acyclic; however, unspecified amounts of mixtures containing some 
cyclic chemicals may also be included. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



15-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 15-2 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals statistics 1 (according to list in table 15-3) 

Miscellaneous chemicals, cyclic: Yes 

6-Acetoxy-2,4-dimethyl-1 ,3-dioxane No BAK, GIV, (2). 

Acetylfuran No QKO. 

Alkylphenol formaldehyde condensate, 

alkoxylated No ©. 

Alkylphenol formaldehyde copolymer No pV 

1 -(2-Aminoethyl)piperazine No DOW. 

(2S-trans)-3-Amino-2-methyl-4-oxo- 1 -azetidinesulf onic 

acid, inner salt No BRS. 

1 -(3-Aminopropyl)morpholine No TX. 

t-Amyl peroxybenzoate No WTL. 

p-Amylphenol No ' f 2 ). 

a-Aspartyl-phenylalanane methyl ester No HXL 

Benzenephosphinic acid No FER. 

Benzenesulfonic acid, 2,5-bis 

[(1 ,2-dioxobutyl)amino]- No BRD. 

p-Benzoquinone No EKT. 

Benzotriazole, potassium (&) sodium salts No f 2 ). 

Benzotriazole, substituted No CGY 

Benzoyl peroxide Yes AZT, CAD. NOC, PAS, RCI, WTL. 

Benzyl alcohol No KLM. 

Benzyl chloroformate No HCC, VCM. 

Benzyl 4-hydroxy benzoate No CHD. 

Benzoic acid esters: Yes 

Benzoic acid, butyl ester (Butyl benzoate) No PCI, UTC. 

Benzoic acid, C12-C15 ester No FTX. 

Benzoic acid, isodecyl ester No VEL. 

Methyl-4-hydroxybenzoate No CHD. 

Resorcinol monobenzoate No EKT. 

Sucrose benzoate No VEL. 

All other benzoic acid esters No (2). . 

Benzoic acid salts: 

Barium benzoate No FER. 

Cadmium benzoate No CCA. 

Potassium benzoate Yes CHO, HFT, KLM, PFZ. 

Sodium benzoate No CHO, HCP, HFT. JRC. KLM. 

All other benzoic acid salts No FER. 

a,a-Bis(t-butylperoxy)diisopropylbenzene No WTL. 

Bis[p-chlorobenzoyl]peroxide No CAD. 

1,2-Bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyhydrocinnamoyl) 

hydrazine No ASL 

Bis(2,4-dichlorobenzoyl) peroxide No CAD. 

Bis(a,a-dimethylbenzyl)peroxide No WTL. 

1,3-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl-5,5-dimethyl)-2,4- 

imkjazolinedione No BRD. 

2,2-Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)4-methylpentane No ASL. 

Bis(perfluoroalkyl)bis(alpha-monochlorohydryl)- 

pyromellitate No HCL. 

Bisphenol epichlorohydrin No BAS. 

Bis(triphenylsilyl)chromate No f 2 ). 

Brominated diphenyl ethers No TNA. 

Bromochloro-5,5'-dimethyl hydantoin No BRD, GTL 

2-Bromo-6-methoxynaphthylene No HFT. 

p-Bromo-p-nitrostyrene No GIV. 

2-Butoxyethyl benzoate (Butyl cellosolve 

benzoate) No 

tert-Butylhydroquinone No 

2 (and 3)-tert-Butyl-4-methoxyphenol (Butylated 
hydroxyanisole, or, BHA) No EKT. UPM. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



St. 



15-11 



Section 15 



Table 15-2— Continued 



Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated identified 
by manufacturer, 1991 *^ »««, lueuuneu 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals statistics 1 (according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, cyclic-Continued 



Butylmorpholine No TX 

tert-Butyl peroxybenzoate ...'. No AZT, NOC. PAS WTC WTL 

Camphene Yes SCM 

Campholenic aldehyde No PAS 

Caprolactam (2-Oxohexamethylenimine) No ACS BAS CNP 

Caprolactam magnesium bromide Yes FER. 

Carbobenzoxy-L-azetidinone sodium salt No BRS 

Cellulose acetate hexahydrophthalate No (2) 

Cellulose acetate phthalate No EK WTC 

Centralite-1 No fi) ' 

Chlorothiaxanthone .. No PSG 

Cumene hydroperoxide No BTL WTL 

a-Cumyl peroxyneodecanoate No PAS, WTC 

a-Cumyl peroxyneoheptanoate No WTL 

Cyanuric acid No MON 

Cyclic adducted amine curing agents No VEL 

Cyclic silizane No PCR 

Cyclohexane carbonitrile ... No DUP 

1 ,4-Cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid No EKT. 

Cyclohexanethiol No PAS 

2-Cyclohexene-1-octanoic acid, 5 (and 6)-carboxy-4- 

hexyl,C 21 H3 6 04 No WVA. 

Cyclohexylamine No HCL 

1 ,4-Cyclohexylenedimethanol No EKT 

Cyclohexyl methacrylate No CPS 

Decabromodiphenyl ether (DBDP) No GTL TNA 

Diamino cyclohexane No HXL 

1 ,1 -Di(t-amylperoxy)cyclohexane No PAS WTL 

1 ,4-Diazobicyclo(2.2.2)octane No (2) ' 

Dibenzylglycerol No DlX 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol (BHT, or, Butylated 

hydroxytoluene No UCC. USR 

Di-t-butyl diperoxy phthalate No WTL 

2,5-Di-tert-butylhydroquinone No EKT. 

2,6-Di-t-butyl-4-nonylphenol No RDA 

1 , 1 -Di(t-butyl peroxy) cyclohexane No AZT PAS 

1 ,1 -Di(t-butyl peroxy) cyclohexane No WTL 

1 , 1 -Di(t-butyl peroxy)-3,3,5-trimethyl cyclohexane No PAS ' 

1 ,1-Di(t-butyl peroxy)-3,3,5-trimethyl cyclohexane No WTL 

2,4-Di-t-butyl phenyl 3,5-di-t-butyl hydroxybenzoate ... No FER 

1 ,3-Dichloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin No BRD 

1 ,3-Dichloro-5-ethyl-5-methyl-2.4-imidazolinedione .... No BRD 

Dicumyl peroxide No PAS ' 

Dicyclopentadienyl acrylate No RDA 

Dicyclopentadienylchromium (Chromocene) No f 2 ) 

3-Diethylamino-6-methyl-7-(2,4-dimethylanilino) 

fluoran No ESA 

N,N'-Diethyl-N,N'-diphenylurea No VCM 

1,2-Dihydro-6-ethoxy-2,2,4-trimethylquinoline 

[^"1"), ■ • • ■ ■ No MNA. 

Dihydro-2,5-furandione No BCC 

2,5-Dihydrothiophene-1, 1 -dioxide (Sulfolene) . . . . No PLC 
1 ,3-Dihydroxymethyl-5,5-dimethyl-2, 

4-imidazolinedione No BRD 

4,4-Dihydroxymethyl-2-oxazoline No ANG 

Diiodomethyl-p-tolylsulfone No ANG 

1 ,3-Diisopropylbenzene No EKT 

1 ,4-Diisopropylbenzene No EKT 



See footnotes at end of table. 
15-12 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals. 1991 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated identified 
Dy manufacturer, 1 991 



... „ „ Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals statistics 1 (according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, cyclic-Continued 



Diisopropyl/naphthalene sulf. acid amine salts No f 2 ) 

p-Dimethoxybenzene (Dimethyl ether of 

hydroquinone) No asl 

4,4-Dimethyl oxazolidene .!!!!"' No ANG EFH 

1,2-Di-(3-methylphenoxy ethane) No CHD* 

N.N-Dimethylphenyl urea No (2) 

Dimethyl piperazine No TX 

Dimorpholine diethyl ether No TX 

Di-tert-octyl hydroquinone , No EKT 

Dioxane (1 ,4-Diethylene oxide) No FER 

Dioxolanone No fi) 

1.4-Dioxycycloheptadiene No SCP 

1.2-Diphenoxyethane No ASL CHD 

Diphenyl-t-butylhexyl phosphite No WTC 

Diphenyl carbonate No VCM 

Diphenylisodecyl phosphite No WTC 

Diphenylisooctyl phosphite No WTC' 

Dipropylene glycol salicylate No EKT SBC 

Di(tetrahydrofuryl)propane No QKO 

Dodecyl pyridinium chloride No TLC 

6-Ethoxy-12-dihydro-2,2,4-trimethylquinoline No MON 

Ethylene-bis-tetrabromophthalimide No TNA ' 

Ethyleneimine (Aziridine) No SCN 

2-Ethylhexyl-l-p-dimethyiaminobenzoate No VND 

2-Ethylhexyl-p-methoxy cinnamate No VND 

2-Ethylhexyl salicylate No BDSVND 

4-Ethyl-4-hydroxymethyloxazoline No ANG 

Ethylidine norbomene No UCC 

4-Ethylmorpholine " No TX 

o-Ethyiphenol No ASL 

2-(Formylamino)-L-oxo-4-thiazole acetic acid ......... No BRS 

Furan derivatives: 

2-Furaidehyde (Furfural) No QKO 

Furanacrolein No EKT.' 

Furfuryl amine '.'.'.'.'.'. No QKO 

Furoicacid No QKO' 

Methyl furan No QKO 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol No QKO 

All other furan derivatives No QKO 

Hexabromocyclodecane No GTL 

Hexabromocyclododecane No TNA 

Hexahydro-1,3-isobenzofurandione No BCC 

Hexahydro-5-methyl-1 .3-isobenzofurandione No BCC 

Hexahydrophthalic anhydride No DIX ' 

Hexahydro-1.3,5-tris(2-hydroxyethyl)-s-triazine No ANG 

SSS^SKfKriS 8 Yes BOR. HMP, PLS, WCL 

Homomenthol salicylate No WTC 

Hydrindantin No PIC 

Hydroquinone, di(p-hydroxyethyi) ether ...'.'. No EKT 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, butyl ester No KUvl 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, ethyl ester (Ethyl 

Rajften). . . ,. . . No KU/I. 

ydroxybenzoic acid, methyl ester No KLM 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, propyl ester No KLM 

N-(Hydroxyethyl)piperazine No SCP. 

Hydroxymethyf-bis-oxazoline No ANG 

Hydroxymethyl-5 1 5-hydantoin No BRD - 

a-D-p-Hydroxyphenyiglycine methyl ester K No BOC 

1 ,2,3-lndantrione monohydrate (Ninhydrin) No PIC 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-13 



Section 15 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals statistics 1 (according to list in table 15-3) 

Miscellaneous chemicals, cyclic-Continued 

Isobornyl acrylate No RDA. 

Isobornyl methacrylate No RDA. 

lsooctyl-3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyhydrocinnamate No ASL. 

Isophoronitrile No HMP 

Lactones: Yes 

Butyrolactone No ATR, BAS, GAR 

Caprolactone No UCC 

Diketene No BRD, EKT. 

Lead/copper salicylate/resorcylate No SHR 

Lignin amine No ARC. 

5-LJthiosulfoisophthalic acid No EKT 

Maleic anhydride No AMO, ART, ASH. DKA, MON. 

p-Menthane No SCM. 

p-Menthane hydroperoxide No SCM. 

Methoxyethy) morpholine No TX. 

4-Methoxyphenol No ASL, EKT. 

Methylbenzene sulfonate No EK. 

Methyl-p-benzoquinone No EK. 

Methyl-N-(L-caroxyd(hydrobenzyl)-b-aminocrotonate, 

sodium salt No BRS. 

2-Methylcyclohexylamine No AIR 

3-(N-Methyl-N-cyclohexylamino)-6-methyl-7-anilino 

fluoran No GTL 

Methyl gallate No BRS. 

4-Methylmorpholine No TX. 

1 -Methyl-2-pyrrolidone, monomer No ATR, BAS GAF 

2- and 5-Methyl resorcinol No WYK. 

Methyl tetrahydrofuran No QKO. 

Methyltetrahydrophthalic anhydride No DIX. 

Methylvinyl cyclic siloxane No PCR f 2 ) 

Morpholine Yes AIR BAS, TX, f 2 ). 

Morpholine salt of gluconic acid No (2). 

Morpholine salt of p-toluene sulfonic acid No AMB. 

Naphthenic ackj/polyamine condensates No (2). 

4-(2-Nitrobutyl) morpholine No ANG. 

N-Nitrosophenylhydroxylamine, ethanolamine salt No MAL. 

Octabromodiphenyl oxide No GTL. 

Pentabromodiphenyl oxide No GTL. 

Pentaerythritol tribenzoate No VEL. 

Phenol-surfonated formaldehyde rosin No HCL. 

2-Phenoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monophenyl 

ether) No SCR UCC. 

Phenoxyethyl acrylate No CPS. 

2-Phenoxypropanol No WTC. 

Phenyl acid phosphate No ALW. 

1-Phenyl-2-hydroxy-2-methyl-propanone-1 No CWN. 

Phenylpropanolamine No ORT 

Phosphonate ester, cyclic No ALW 

Phthalic acid, lead salt, (Dibasic) No ALL 

Picramic acid, sodium salt No SDC. 

Pinene and derivatives: Yes 

Pinane No SCM. 

Pinane hydroperoxide No SCM. 

2-Pinanol (cis and trans) No SCM. 

Pinanols/plinol mixtures No SCM 

a-Pinene No NCI, SCM. 

p-Pinene No NCI, SCM. 

a-Pinene oxide No PAS. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-14 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals statistics 1 (according to list in table 15-3) 

Miscellaneous chemicals, cyclic-Continued 
Pinene and derivatives— Continued 

Pinene, sulfate No ARZ, HPC. 

Pinene, wood No HPC. 

Pine oil, natural, sulfate Yes ARZ, NCI, SCM. 

Pine oil, synthetic Yes ARZ, NCI, SCM. 

Piperonal, sodium bisulfite complex No VEL. 

Polyglycols-toluene diisocyanate reaction 

product No (2). 

Propanediol acid, diethyldimethyl ester, polymer 

with 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1 -piperidine 

ethanol No (2). 

Propylene glycol dibenzoate No VEL. 

Propyl gallate No EKT. 

Rosin acid salts: 

Calcium resinate No ARZ. 

Calcium zinc resinate No ARZ. 

Zinc resinate No ARZ. 

All other rosin acid salts No GP. 

Salicylic acid, lead salt No SHP. 

Salicylic acid magnesium salt No KLM. 

Styrene oxide No UCC. 

Succinic anhydride derivatives: Yes 

Dodecenylsuccinic anhydride Yes BCC, DIX, HMY, MIL. 

Dodecylsuccinic anhydride No MIL 

n-Hexadecenylsuccinic anhydride No HMY. 

iso-Hexadecenyl succinic anhydride No DIX. 

Iso-octadecenylsuccinic anhydride No DIX, HMY. 

Nonenylsuccinic anhydride No HMY 

Octadecenyl succinic anhydride No HMY, MIL 

Octenylsuccinic anhydride Yes DIX, HMY, MIL. 

TPSA^aolyamine condensates No f 2 ). 

All other succinic anhydride derivatives No SM, TNA. 

Tall oil acyl chloride No CCC. 

Tall oil, chemically modified No FOC, (2), WVA, (2). 

Tall oil, diethanolamine salt No QCP. 

Tall oil fatty acid nitrile No ARZ. 

Tall oil fatty acids, polymerized No SHX, WVA. 

Tall oil monohydric esters No ARZ. 

Tall oil monomer No WTC. 

Tall oil: Pentaerythritol tallate No EFH. 

Tall oil, triethanolamine salt No QCP. 

Tannic acid, N.F No MAL. 

Tall oil salts (linoleic-rosin acid salts): 

Barium zinc tallate No WVA. 

Cadmium tallate No CCA. 

Calcium manganese tallate No MCI, SHP. 

Calcium tallate No (2). 

Cobalt manganese tallate No MCI, SHP. 

Cobalttallate No MCI, SHP. 

Copper tallate No MCI. 

Lead tallate No MCI. 

Manganese tallate No MCI, SHP. 

Potassium tallate No QCP. 

Stannous dioctyl tallate No PAS. 

Zinctallate No CCA, MCI. 

All other tall oil salts,(Linoleic-rosin acid 

salts) No CCA, QCP, SHP, (2). 

Terpene hydrocarbons, monocyclic (Solvenoi) No HPC, NCI. SCM. 

Tetrabromobisphenol A No GTL, TNA. 

Tetraethylene glycol diheptanoate No WM. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-15 



Section 15 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, cyclic-Continued 

2-Tetrahydrofurfurylamine No 

1 ,2,3,4-Tetrahydronaphthalene (Tetralin) No 

Tetrahydrothiophene No 

Tetrahydrothiophene-1 ,1 -dioxide (Sutfolane) No 

Thiophene No 

Tolyltriazole, potassium salt No 

Triallyl trimellitate No 

Triazine No 

3,4,4' -Trichlorocarbanilide No 

Trichloromelamine No 

1 ,3,5-Trichloro-s-triazine-2,4,6-(1 H,3H,5H)trione 

(Trichloroisocyanuric acid) No 

Trif2,4-ditertiarybutylphenyl) phosphite No 

Tri(methoxymethyl) tri(stearoxymethyl) melamine No 

3,3,5-Trimethylcyclohexanol (m-homomenthol) No 

3,5,5-Trimethyl-2-cyclohexene-1-one (Isophorone) No 

Trinitrophenyl methyl nitramine (Nitramine) No 

Triphenyl phosphine No 

Triphenyl phosphite No 

1 -Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone— other copolymers No 

1 -Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone-methylacrylic acid, 

dimethylamine ethyl ester, copolymer No 

1 -Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone, monomer No 

1 -Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone— vinyl acetate copolymer No 

All other cyclic chemicals No 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic: Yes 

Nitrogenous compounds: Yes 

Acetaldehyde dimethylhydrazone No 

Acetamidoethanol (N-Acetyl-ethanolamine) No 

Allyl ureido monomer No 

Amides: Yes 

Acrylamide monomer No 

1,1'-Azobisformamide No 

Behenamide No 

Bis[2-(octadecylamido)ethyl]-N-(2-cyanoethyl)-N- 

ethyl ammonium ethyl sulfate No 

Chloromethylene dimethyliminium 

(Amide chloride) No 

Coconut oil amide No 

N,N-Dimethylacetamide No 

N,N-Dimethylacetoacetamide No 

Dimethylaminopropyl methacrylamide No 

N.N-Dimethylformamide No 

Erucamide Yes 

N,N'-Ethylenebis-oleamide (Oleic acid- 
ethylenediamine condensate (Amine/acid ratio = 

1/2)) No 

N,N'-Ethylenebis(stearamide) Yes 

Ethylene(12)hydroxystearamide No 

Methane sulfonamide No 

N-Methylacetamide No 

Oleamide (Octadecene amide) No 

Oleic amide. N,N-bis(hydroxyethyl)-,(Z)- No 



QKO. 
DUP. 
PAS. 
PLC, (2). 
PAS. 

ft- 

RDA. 

QCP. 

MON. 

GFS. 

MON, OMC. 

WTO 

WPG. 

ARS 

ENJ.UCC, (2). 

PAH. 

PAS. 

WTO 

GAF. 

GAF. 
GAF. 
GAF. 
ALW, ARS, ASL, BRD, CCA, CWN, EK, 

EK, EK, EKT, HXL, LYP, MCK. PAH. 

PAS, PIC. QCP. REG. RSA. S, SCP. 

SDC.SHP, TNA TX. UCC, (2), (2). f 2 ). 

fi,( 5 ).fi,( 2 ).A.( 2 ).( 2 ). 



DIX. 
SBC. 
RDA. 

ACY, (2). 
USR. 
ASL. WTC. 

SBC. 

VCM. 

ARC. FER. 

DUP. MON. 

EKT. 

TX. 

DUP. 

ARC. SYP. WTC. 



BRD. CCW. WTC. 

BRD. CCW, WTC. 

CAS. 

PAS. 

ARC, ARS, EKT. 

SYP, WTC. 

QCP. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-16 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 1 5-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Nitrogenous compounds-Continued 
Amides-Continued 

Oleoylpalmitamide No 

Oxamide No 

n-Propylamidethanol No 

Ricinoleamide No 

Soya amide, N.N-bis(hydroxyethyl) No 

Stearamide (Octadecane amide) No 

Stearylerucamide No 

Stearyl stearamide No 

Tallow amide No 

Tallow amide, hydrogenated No 

All other amides No 

Amines: Yes 

t-Alkylamines, primary, mixed No 

Aliylamines: 

Diallylamine No 

Triallylamine No 

Bis-hexamethylenetr iamine amine No 

Butylamines: 

n-Butylamine, mono Yes 

sec-Butylamine, mono No 

tert-Butylamine, mono No 

Di-n-butylamine Yes 

Diisobutylamine No 

Tri-n-butylamine No 

n-Butylethylamine No 

N-Coco-N,N-dimethylamines No 

Di-t-butylenediamine No 

Diethylenetriamine Yes 

Di-2-ethylhexylamine No 

Diisopropylamine No 

Dimethylaminopropylamine Yes 

N.N-Dimethylethylamine No 

N-Dcdecyl-N.N-dimethylamine No 

Ethylamines: 

Diethylamine Yes 

Ethylamine, mono- No 

Triethylamine Yes 

N-Ethyl-1 ,2-dimethylpropylamine No 

Ethylenediamine Yes 

(2-Ethylhexyl)amine, mono- No 

N-Ethyl-2-methylallylamine No 

Fatty amines No 

N-Hexadecyl-N.N-dimethylamine No 

1 ,6-Hexanediamine (Hexamethylenediamine) — No 

n-Hexylamine No 

Isopropylamines: 

Isopropylamine, mono No 

Methylamines: 

Dimethylamine No 

Methylamine, mono- No 

Trimethyl amine No 

tert-Octylamine No 

n-Octyiamine, mono No 

Pentaethylenehexamine No 



HXL, WTC. 
HML, (2). 
PAS. 
ARC. 
QCP. 

SYP, WTC. 
HXL, WTC. 
WTC. 
QCP. 
ARC 

AIP, BRD, DOW, HAL, MIL, QCP, REG, 
SK, (2), (2). 

BRD, RH. 

HCL 
HCL 
DUP MON. 

AIP. HCL, PAS. 

BAS, FER, PAS. 

MON. 

AIP, HCL, PAS. 

HCL. 

AIP, HCL, PAS. 

AIP. 

BRD. 

HCL 

DOW, TX, UCC. 

HCL. 

AIP. 

AIP, BAS, HCL, TX. 

BAS. 

BRD. 

AIP, HCL, PAS, UCC. 

AIP, HCL. PAS, UCC. 

AIP, HCL, PAS, UCC. 

BAS 

DOW. TX, UCC. 

HCL, PAS. 

HCL. 

WTH. 

BRD. 

MON. 

CXI, PAS. 

AIP, HCL, UCC. 

AIP, DUP. IMC. UCC. 
AIP, DUP, IMC. 
AIP, DUP, IMC. 
RH. 

GAF, HCL. 
DOW, UCC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-17 



Section 15 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 1 5-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Nitrogenous compounds-Continued 
Amines— Continued 

Perrtylamines (amylamines): 

Dipentylamine No 

Pentylamine, mono- No 

Tripentylamine No 

Propylamines: 

Dipropylamine No 

Propylamine, mono- No 

Tripropylamine No 

N.N.N'.N'-Tetrabutylhexanediamine No 

N-Tetradecyl-N,N-dimethylamine No 

Tetraethylenepentamine Yes 

Tetramethylethylenediamine No 

Triethylenediamine No 

Triethylenetetramine No 

All other amines No 

5-Amino-1,3-bis(2-ethylhexyl-5-methyl)- 

hexahydropyrimidine No 

2-Aminoethanol hydrochloride No 

2-Aminoethanol (Monoethanol amine) sulfite No 

Aminoethoxyethanol No 

2-(2-Aminoethylamino)ethanol 

(Aminoethylethanolamine) Yes 

(2-Aminoethyl)aminoethanol, reaction product with 

octadecanoic acid No 

2-Aminoethyl mercaptoacetate (Monoethanolamine 

thioglycolate) No 

2-Amino-2-ethyl-1 ,3-propanediol No 

2-Amino-2-(hydroxymethyl)- 1 ,3-propanediol 

[Tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane] No 

2-Amino-2-methyl-1 ,3-propanediol No 

2-Amino-2-methyl-1 -propanol No 

tert-Butylaminoethyl methacrylate No 

tert-Butyldiethanolamine No 

tert-Butyl urea No 

Carbohydrazide No 

3-Chloro-2-hydroxypropyl trimethyl ammonium 
chloride (1-Propaminium, 3-chloro-2-hydroxy- 

N,N, N-trimethyl-, chloride) No 

Choline No 

Dialiyidimethyl ammonium chloride No 

Di-amine derivatives of dimer acids No 

2-Dibutylaminoethanol No 

Dibutylaminomethanol No 

Diethandamine salt of oleic acid No 

2-Diethylaminoethanol (N.N-Diethylethanolamine) . . No 

2-(2-Diethylaminoethoxy)ethanol No 

Diethyiaminoethylacrylate, dimethyl sulfate, 

quaternary salt No 

2-Diethylaminoethyl methacrylate No 

Diethylhydroxylamine No 

1 ,3-Diethyl-2-thiourea No 

2-Diisopropylaminoethanol (N,N- 

Diisopropylethanolamine) No 

Dimethylamine epichlorohydrin copolymer No 

2-Dimethylaminoethanol (N.N- 

Dimethylethanolamine No 

Dimethylaminoethyl acrylate No 



PAS. 
PAS. 
PAS. 

AIP, HCL. PAS. 

PAS. 

AIP, PAS. 

MON. 

BRD. 

DOW, UCC. 

BKM. 

TX. 

DOW, TX, UCC. 

AIP, ANG, BRD, HCL, MON. SCP, UCC. 

ANG. 
OMC, (2). 
EVN. 
TX. 

DOW, UCC, (2). 

BBI. 

EVN. 
ANG. 

ANG, VNC. 

ANG. 

ANG, VNC. 

CPS, RDA. 

PAS. 

PAS. 

OMC. 



DGC. 

RH. 

CPS. 

WTO 

PAS. 

9* 

PAS, UCC. 
PAS. UCC. 

CPS. 

CPS. DUP. 
PAS. 
PAS. 

PAS, UCC. 
CPS. 

PAS, TX, UCC. 
CPS. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-18 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 
by manufacturer, 1991 



Separate Manufacturers' Identification codes 
Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals statistics 1 (according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Nitrogenous compounds-Continued 

Dimethylaminoethyl acrylate, dimethyl sulfate, 

quaternary salt No CPS. 

Dimethylaminoethylacrylate. methyl chloride, 

quaternary salt No CPS. RDA. 

Dimethylaminoethyl chloride No SK. 

Dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate No CPS, RDA. 

Dimethylaminoethylmethacrylate. dimethyl sulfate, 

quaternary salt No CPS. 

Dimethylaminoethylmethacrylate, methyl chloride, 

quatematysalt No RDA, UCC. 

Dimethylaminomethanol No r). 

1-(Dimethylamino)-2-propanol No PAS. 

Dimethylaminopropyl chloride No SK. 

3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-oxime No SCM. 

3.7-Dimethyl-6-octen-1-oxime No SCM. 

2,4-Dioxypyrimidine (Uracil) No PCR. 

Ethanolamines: Yes 

Diethanolamine Yes CNE, DOW, OMC. TX. UCC. 

Monoethandamine Yes CNE. DOW, OMC. TX. UCC 

Triethanolamine Yes CNE. DOW. OMC. TX. UCC. 

2-Ethylaminoethanol (Ethylmonoethanolamine) — No PAS. 

2-Ethylhexyl nitrate No BUC. 

5-(N-Ethyl-N-hydroxyethylamino)-2-pentanone No Q. 

2-Ethyl-2-nrtro-1.3-propanediol No SDW. 

Fatty acid, alkanolamine ester No Q. 

Hexamethylenediamine adipate (Nylon salt) No DUP. MON. p 2 ). 

Hexylamine ethoxylate No CXI. 

N-(2-Hydroxyethy0-12-hydroxystearamide No CAS. 

2-(Hydroxymethyf)-2-nitro-1,3-propanediol (Tris- 

(hydroxymethyl)nrtromethane) No ANG. 

Iminodiacetic acid No HMP. 

Isopropanolamines: 

Diisopropanolamine No DOW, UCC. 

Dimethyl isopropanolamine No PEL 

Monoisopropanolamine No DOW. 

Triisopropanolamine No DOW. 

2-lsopropylaminoethanol No PAS. 

3-Methoxypropylamine No BAS, PAS. 

Methylaminoacetaldehyde dimethyl acetal 

(MAADMA) No ASL 

2-Methylaminoethanol (N-Methylethanolamine) No TX, UCC. 

2,2'-(Methylimino)diethanol 

(Methyldiethanolamine) No DOW, PAS, TX. UCC. 

2-Methyl-2-nitro-1-propanol No ANG. 

Mixed higher glycol amine (MHGA) No AIP. 

Nitrated lard oil No SM. 

Nitriles: Yes 

Acetonrtrile Yes BKC. DUP, SC. (2). f). 

Acrylonitrile, monomer Yes ACY. DUP. MON. SC. SOH. 

Adiponitrile No DUP. MON. 

6-Aminocapronrtrile No Q. 

2,2-Azobis(dimethyl perrtane nitrile) No DUP. 

2,2-Azobis(2-methyl butane nitrile) No DUP. 

2,2'-.Azobis[2-methylpropionitrile] 

(Azobisisobutyronitrile) No DUP. 

n-Butyronitrile No EKX 

Coconitrile No ARC. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



15-19 



Section 15 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Nitrogenous compounds-Continued 
Nitriles-Continued 

Cyanoacetic acid (Malonic nitrile) No 

1 ,2-Dibromo-2,4-dicyanobutane No 

3-Ethoxypropionitrile No 

Ethyl cyanoacetate No 

Hexadecylnitrile No 

Isobutyronitrile No 

Lauronitrile (Dodecyl nitrile) No 

3-Methoxypropionitrile No 

Methyl cyanoacetate No 

Methyl glutaronitrile No 

2-Methyllactonitrile (Acetone cyanohydrin) Yes 

Octadecenenitrile (Oleonitrile) No 

Octadecylnitrile No 

Propionitrile No 

Soya nitrile No 

Tallow nitrile No 

Tallow nitrile, hydrogenated No 

3,3'-Thiodipropionitrile No 

Trichloroacetonitrile No 

All other nitriles No 

Nitroethane No 

Nitromethane No 

1 -Nitropropane No 

2-Nitropropane No 

Polyoxypropylene triamine No 

Propylene imine No 

3-Stearylamidopropyl dimethylammonium lactate ... No 

Tetraethyl ammonium bromide No 

Tetramethylammonium chloride No 

Triethanolamine hydrochloride No 

Triethanolamine, sulfuric - phosphoric acid salts No 

Triethylamine, nitric acid salt No 

Triethylenetetramine. propoxylated No 

Zinc bis(monoethanolamine)dichloride No 

All other nitrogenous compounds, acyclic No 

Acids, acid anhydrides, and acyl halides: Yes 

Acetic acid, synthetic (100%) Yes 

Acetic anhydride, other than recovered acetic 

anhydride by the vapor-phase process (100%) ... Yes 

D-(-)-3(Acetylthio)-2-methylpropanoyl chloride No 

Acrylic acid Yes 

Adipic acid No 

Anhydride-acid mixture No 

Azelaic acid No 

Bromopropionic acid No 

Butyric acid No 

Butyric anhydride No 

Butyryl chloride No 

Castor oil fatty acids, dehydrated No 

Chloroacetic acid, mono No 

Citric acid No 

Crotonic acid (2-Butenoic acid) No 

Decanoyl chloride No 

2,2-Dichloroacetyl chloride Yes 



NOD. 

PCW. 

DIX. 

NOD. 

ARC. 

EKX. 

ARC. 

ft. 

NOD. 



a 



YR, DUP. RH, SOH. 
ARC. 
ARC. 
MON. 
ARC. 

ARC, SHX. 
ARC. 
EVN. 
OMC. 

HMP, HXL, WTO 
ANG, VNC. 
ANG, VNC. 
ANG, VNC, ( 2 ). 
3,( 2 ).VNC. 




AIP, ANG, ASL, CCC, EK, HXL, NES, 
OMC, RDA, RSA, SK, TX, UCC. VCM. 
WTL, (2). (2). (2). 

AIP, EKT. HCL. SC, UCC, USI. 

EKT, HCL, UCC. 

BRS. 

BAS, HCL. RH. UCC. 

DUP, MON. 

HCL. 

SCP. 

HFT. 

EKT, HCL, PEN. 

EKT. 

TLC. 

CAS. 

HAR, NCC, PFZ. 

ADM, PFZ. 

EKT. 

SDC. 

WTL. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-20 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate 
statistics 1 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Acids, acid anhydrides, and acyl halides— Continued 

Dimer acid (C 36 aliphatic dibasic acid) No 

Dimethyl propionic acid No 

Dithiodiglycolic acid No 

Dithiodipropionic acid No 

Dodecanedioic acid No 

Dodecanoic acid (Laurie acid) No 

2-Ethylhexanoic acid (a-Ethylcaproic acid) No 

2-Ethylhexanoyl chloride No 

Fatty acids Yes 

Fatty acids, hydrogenated Yes 

Fatty acids, partially hydrogenated No 

Formic acid, 90% No 

Fumaric acid Yes 

Gluconic acid, technical No 

Glycolic acid (Hydroxyacetic acid) No 

Heptanoic acid No 

Hexadecanoic acid (Palmitic acid) No 

n-Hexanoic acid No 

Isoascorbic acid (Erythorbic acid) No 

Isobutyric acid No 

Isobutyric anhydride No 

Itaconic acid (Methylenesuccinic acid) No 

Lactic acid, 100% No 

Lauroyl chloride No 

Levulinic acid No 

Malic acid No 

Mercaptoacetic acid (Thioglycolic acid) No 

3-Mercaptopropionic acid No 

Mercaptosuccinic acid (Thiomalic acid) No 

Methacrylic acid No 

Methanesulfonic acid No 

Methanesurfonyl chloride No 

Neo-C9-C-i2 acids No 

Neodecanoic acid No 

Neodecanoyl chloride No 

Neoheptanoyl chloride No 

Neopentanoic/neoheptanoic acids No 

Nonanoic acid (Pelargonic acid) No 

Octanoic acid (Caprylic acid) No 

Oleic acid No 

Oxidized Fischer-Tropsch wax No 

Pivaloyl chloride Yes 

Polyacrylic acid No 

Propionic acid No 

Ricinoleic acid (Hydroxyoleic acid) No 

Sebacic acid No 

Stearic acid (Octadecanoic acid) No 

Stearoyl chloride No 

Tetradecanoic acid (Myristic acid) No 

3,3'-Thiodipropionic acid No 

Thiodisuccinic acid No 

Trifluoroacetic acid No 

Trifiuoroacetic anhydride No 

Trifluoroacetyl chloride No 

Trimer dibasic acids No 

Valeric acid No 

All other acids, acid anhydrides, and acyl halides ... No 



ARZ, SCP, WTC. 

IMC. 

EVN. 

EVN. 

DUP. 

ARC. 

EKT, UCC. 

PAS, PPG. WTC, WTL 

CAS, DRL. PG. SHX, WTC. 

BRD. CAS, DRL. SHX. SYP, WTC. ( 2 ). 

SYP, WTC. 

HCL 

HAR, MON. PFZ. 

PFZ, PMP. 

DUP. 

HCL. 

ARC. 

ARC. 

PFZ. 

EKX. 

EKT. 

PFZ. 

SC, WTL. 

PPG; 

QKO. 

HAR. 

EVN. 

EVN. WTC. 

EVN. 

DUP, RH. 

PAS. 

PAS. 

ENJ. 

ENJ. 

PAS. WTC. WTL 

PAS. WTC. WTL 

ENJ. 

HCL, SCP. 

ARC 

ARC! DRL, WTC. 

SQA. 

PAS. PPG. WTC, WTL. 

BFG, BKM, RH. 

HCL. UCC. 

BDS. 

WTH. 

ARC. 

PPG. 

ARC. 

EVN. 

EVN. 

HOC. 

HOC. 

HOC. 

WTC. 

UCC. 

BRD, DUP, ENJ. PAH. SK, UCC, WVA. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-21 



Section 15 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1 991 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list In table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 

Salts of organic acids: Yes 

Acetic acid salts: Yes 

Aluminum acetate No 

Ammonium acetate Yes 

Barium acetate No 

Calcium acetate No 

Chromium acetate No 

Cobalt acetate No 

Cobalt manganese acetate No 

Copper acetate No 

Hydrazine acetate No 

Lead acetate No 

Lead sub-acetate No 

Magnesium acetate No 

Manganese acetate No 

Nickel acetate No 

Potassium acetate Yes 

Sodium acetate Yes 

Sodium diacetate No 

Zinc acetate No 

Zirconium acetate No 

All other acetic acid salts No 

Adipic acid, ammonium salt No 

Adipic dihydrazide No 

3-Allyloxy-2-hydroxypropane sulfonic acid, sodium 

salt No 

2-Butoxyethoxy acetic acid No 

Citric acid salts: 

Ammonium citrate No 

Dimethylhexanoic acid, calcium carbonate salt ... No 

Potassium citrate No 

Sodium citrate No 

Diammonium dithiodiglycolate No 

2-Ethylhexanoic acid (alpha-ethylcaproic acid) 

salts: Yes 

Barium 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Bismuth 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Cadmium 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Calcium 2-ethylhexanoate Yes 

Cerium 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Chromium 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Cobalt 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Cobalt-potassium 2-ethylhexanoate Yes 

Copper 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Iron 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Lead 2-ethylhexanoate Yes 

Manganese 2-ethylhexanoate Yes 

Molybdinum 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Nickel 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Potassium 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Rare earths 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Sodium 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Stannous 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Zinc 2-ethylhexanoate No 

Zirconium 2-ethylhexanoate No 

All other 2-ethylhexanoic acid salts No 

Fish oil, C14-C22 menhaden, lead salts No 



NCC. 

ARC, BKC, (2). 

BKC 

CHO, HFT, NCC 

SHP. 

SHP. 

SHP. 

BKC. 

FMT. 

BKC. 

BKC. 

BKC, EKT, SHP. 

SHP. 

SHP. 

BKC, HCP, JRC, NCC. PEL. 

BKC, HCP, JRC, MAL, NCC, UCC, fi). 

HCP, JRC, NCC. 

BKC, SHP. 

TZC. 

SHP. 

ACS. 

FMT. 

RDA 
SDC. 

§* 

HAR, HXL, PFZ. 
BRI, HAR, HXL 
EVN. 



WTC 

SHP. 

CCA, WTC. 

CCA, FER, MCI, NOD, TRO, WTC. 

MCI, SHP. 

MCI, SHP. 

CCA, MCI, NOD, SHP. TRO. 

MCI. 

MCI, NOD. 

CCA, NOD. 

CCA, NOD, SHP. 

CCA, MCI, NOD, SHP. TRO. 

MCI. 

MCI. SHP. 

CCA, MCI, PEL, WTC. 

MCI. 

CCA. 

FER. 

CCA, MCI, NOD, SHP, TRO, WTC. f 2 ). 

CCA, MCI, TRO. 

MCI, NOD. 

ELC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-22 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' Identification codes 
Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals statistics 1 (according to list in table 1 5-3) 

Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Salts of organic acids-Continued 

Formic acid salts: 

Ammonium formate No RSA. 

Calcium formate No IMC. 

Sodium formate, technical No ■ BKC, PST. 

Gluconic acid salts: 

Sodium gluconate No PFN, PFZ, PMP. 

All other gluconic acid salts No JRC. 

Glycolic acid, potassium salt No HCP. 

Glycolic acid, sodium salt No HCP, JRC. 

2-Hydroxyethane.sulfonic acid, .sodium salt No RDA. 

Isoascorbic acid, sodium salt (Sodium erythorbate) . No PFZ. 
Tertiary-alpha-alkylcarboxylic acid salts 
(isocarboxylic acid salts): 

Calcium t-a-alkylcarboxylate No MCI. 

Cobalt t-a-alkylcarboxylate No MCI. . 

Cobalt/iron alkylcarboxylate No MCI. 

Cobalt/manganese/zirconium alkylcarboxylate — No MCI. 

Cobalt/potassium/zirconium alkylcarboxylate No MCI. 

Cobalt/zirconium t-a-alkylcarboxylate No MCI. 

Copper t-a-alkylcarboxylate No MCI. 

Iron t-a-alkylcarboxylate No MCI. 

Lead t-a-alkylcarboxylate No MCI. 

Manganese t-a-alkylcarboxylate No MCI. 

Mixed t-a-alkylcarboxylic acid salts No MCI. 

Zinc t-a-alkylcarboxylate No MCI. 

Zirconium t-a-alkylcarboxylate No MCI. 

All other t-a-alkylcarboxylic acid salts 

(Isocarboxylic acid salts) No MCI. 

Isooctanoic acid salts: 

Isooctanoic acid, manganese salt , No CCA. 

Lactic acid salts: Yes 

Ammonium lactate No WM. 

Potassium lactate No PFN. 

Sodium lactate (Nalac) No BFP. 

Laurie acid salts: . Yes 

Barium cadmium laurate No WTC. 

Barium laurate No SYP. 

Cadmium laurate No SYP. 

Dibutyltjn dilaurate No PAS. WTC. 

Laurie acid, zinc salt No SYP. 

Mercaptoacetic acid (thioglycolic acid) salts: 

Ammonium mercaptoacetate No EVN, WTC. 

Sodium mercaptoacetate No EVN. 

Methanesurfonic acid, zinc salt No PCW. 

N-Methyl taurine, sodium salt (2-Methyl-2- 

aminoethanesulic acid, sodium salt) No RDA. 

Neodecanoic acid, diethanolamine salt No QCP. 

Neodecanoic acid salts: 

Bismuth neodecanoate No MCI, SHP. 

Calcium neodecanoate No MCI, SHP. 

Cobalt manganese neodecanoate No SHP. 

Cobalt-manganese-zirconium neodecanoate ... No MCI. 

Cobalt neodecanoate No MCI, SHP. 

Lead-cobalt neodecanoate No MCI. 

Lead neodecanoate No MCI. 

Lithium neodecanoate No MCI. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-23 



Section 15 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Salts of organic acids-Continued 
Neodecanoic acid salts-Continued: 

Manganese neodecanoate No 

Neodecanoic acid, potassium salt No 

Rare earths neodecanoate No 

Zinc neodecanoate No 

Zirconium neodecanoate No 

All other neodecanoic acid salts No 

Octanoic-acid (caprylic acid) salts: 

Aluminum octanoate Yes 

Oxalic acid salts: Yes 

Ammonium oxalate No 

Copper oxalate No 

Potassium oxalate No 

Sodium oxalate No 

All other oxalic acid salts No 

Palmitic acid salts: 

Pelargonic acid, barium salt (Barium nonoate) No 

Pelargonic acid, calcium salt (Calcium nonoate) No 

Phosphorodithioic acid salts (dithiophosphates): 

Sodium di-sec-butyl/diethyl phosphorodithioate No 

Sodium di-sec-butyl phosphorodithioate No 

Sodium diethyl phosphorodithioate No 

Sodium diisobutyl phosphorodithioate No 

Sodium diisopropyl phosphorodithioate No 

Propionic acid salts: 

Ammonium propionate No 

Calcium propionate Yes 

Sodium propionate Yes 

All other propionic acid salts No 

Ricinoleic acid salts: 

Lithium ricinoleate No 

Protein hydrolyzates, sodium salts No 

Ricinoleic acid, magnesium salt No 

Stearic acid salts Yes 

Aluminum stearates: Yes 

Aluminum distearate Yes 

Aluminum monostearate Yes 

Aluminum tristearate Yes 

Barium stearate No 

Cadmium stearate Yes 

Calcium stearate Yes 

Cobalt stearate No 

Lead stearate, dibasic No 

Lithium stearate Yes 

Magnesium stearate No 

Manganese stearate No 

Potassium stearate No 

Sodium stearate No 

Strontium stearate No 

Zinc stearate Yes 

All other stearic acid salts No 

Thioacetic acid, potassium salt No 

All other salts of organic acids No 

Aldehydes: 

Acetaldehyde Yes 

Acrolein (Acrylaldehyde) No 

Butyraktehyde Yes 

Crotonaldehyde No 

2-Ethylhexanal (a-Ethylcaproaldehyde) No 



MCI, SHP. 
MCI, QCP 
MCI, SHP. 
SHP. 

MCI. SHP. 
MCI. 

NOC, SYP, WTC 

BKC, HML 
SHP. 

BKC, HML. 
HML 
SHP. 

SYP. 
SYP. 

ACY 

ACY, ELC. 
ACY, ELC. 
ELC. 
ACY. 

KMI. 

CHO, DVR, HFT, KMI, NCC. 

CHO, HFT, NCC. 

MCK. 

CAS. 
SDC. 
CAS. 



MAL, NOD, SHP, SYP. 

MAL. NOD, SYP. 

MAL. NOC, NOD, SYP, WTC, f 2 ). 

NOD. SYP. WTC. 

FER. SYP, WTC. 

FER, MAL, NOC, NOD, SCP. SQA. SYP, 

WTC. 
MCI, SHP. 
ALL 

NOC. SYP, WTC. 
MAL. MCI, NOD, SYP, WTC. 
SHP. 
WTC. 
WTC. 
WTC. 

CCC, MAL. NOC, NOD, PLS, SYP, WTC. 
FER, MCI. 
RSA. 
BRD, CCA, EK. EKT. FER, SK, (2). 

EKX, HCL, UCC. 

UCO 

BAS, EKX. HCL. UCC. 

EKT. 

EKX, UCC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 
15-24 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Aldehydes-Continued 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 1 5-3) 



Formaldehyde (37% HCHO by Weight) Yes 

Glutaraldehyde No 

Glyoxal No 

Isobutyraldehyde No 

n-Nonylaldehyde (Nonanal) No 

Propionaldehyde No 

Valeraldehyde (Pentanal) No 

All other aldehydes, acyclic No 

Ketones: Yes 

Acetone Yes 

5-Chloro-2-pentanone No 

1 -Chloropinacolone No 

Diisopropyl ketone (2,4-Dimethyl-3-pentanone) No 

2-Heptanone (Methyl amyl ketone) No 

3-Heptanone (Ethyl butyl ketone) No 

4-Hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone 

(Diacetone alcohol) Yes 

Isovalerone (Diisobutyl ketone) No 

Methyl ethyl ketone Yes 

5-Methyl-2-hexanone (Methyl isoamyl ketone) No 

Methyl isobutyl ketone Yes 

Methylisopropyl ketone No 

Methyl nonyl ketone (2-Undecanone) No 

4-Methyl-3-penten-2-one (Mesityl oxide) No 

Methylpropyl ketone No 

Methylpseudoionone No 

2-Octanone (Hexyl methyl ketone) No 

2,4-Pentanedione (Acetylacetone) No 

3-Pentanone (Diethyl ketone) No 

Pseudoionone No 

2,6,8-Trimethyl-4-nonanone (Isobutyl heptyl ketone) No 

All other ketones No 

Alcohols, monohydric, unsubstituted: Yes 
Alcohols. Cn or lower, unmixed (95% or 

more pure): Yes 

Allyl alcohol No 

Amyl alcohols: 

2-Methyl-1-butanol No 

3-Methyl-1-butanol (Isoamyl alcohol) No 

1-Pentanol No 

Butyl alcohols: 

n-Butyl alcohol (n-Propylcarbinol) Yes 

sec-Butyl alcohol (Methylethylcarbinol) No 

tert-Butyl alcohol (Trimethylcarbinol) No 

Isobutyl alcohol (Isopropylcarbinol) Yes 

1-Decanol No 

2.2-Dimethylbutanol (Isohexyl alcohol) No 

Ethyl alcohol, synthetic Yes 

2-Ethyl-1-hexanol Yes 

n-Hexyl alcohol No 

Isodecyl alcohol No 

Isoheptyl alcohol No 

Isononyl alcohol No 

Iso-octyl alcohol No 

Isopropyl alcohol Yes 



AQU. BCP. BOR, CBD, DGC, DUP, GAF. 

GP, HCL, IMC, MON, PST, WCL 
UCC. 

ACY, BAS. 

BAS, EKX. HCL, UCC. 
HCL 

EKX, HCL, UCC. 
UCC. 
ASL, UCC. 

ACS, ART, ATR. BTL, DOW, ENJ, GE. 

GGC. SHC. TX, UCC. 
SDW. 
CHG. 
EKX. 
EKT 
UCC. 

HCL, SHC, UCC. 

EKT, UCC. 

ENJ, HCL, LYP, SHC, UCC. 

EKT. 

EKT, ENJ, SHC, UCC. 

EKX. 

ARC. 

UCC. 

EKT. 

NCI, SCM. 

UPM, WTH. 

UCC. 

UCC. 

NCI, SCM. 

UCC. 

ASL. 



ATR. 

UCC. 
CPS. 
UCC. 

BAS, EKX, GAF, HCL, SHC, UCC, VST. 
ENJ, SHC. 
ATR, (2). 

BAS, CPS, EKX. HCL, SHC, UCC, f 2 ). 
TNA, VST. 
ENJ. 

DOW, EKX, HCL, SHC, UCC, USI, VST. 
ART, BAS, EKX, SHC. UCC. 
TNA. VST. 
ENJ. 
ENJ. 
ENJ. 
ENJ. 

ATR, ENJ, LYP. SHC, UCC 
PLC, TOC, ft. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-25 



Section 15 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 1 5-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Alcohols, monohydric, unsubstituted— Continued 
Alcohols, C-h or lower, unmixed (95% or more pure) 
•Continued 

Methanol, synthetic Yes 

2-Methyl-1 -pentanol No 

4-Methyi-2-pentanol (1-Methylisobutylcarbinol) . . . No 

1-Octanol No 

2-Octanol (sec-Capryl alcohol) No 

Propyl alcohol (Propanol) No 

2-Propyn-1-ol (Propargyl alcohol) No 

Undecanol (Linear Cn alcohol) No 

All other alcohols, unmixed Cn or lower No 

Alcohols Cn or higher, unmixed (95% or more pure): 

Dodecyl alcohol (Lauryl alcohol) Yes 

Eicosyl alcohol (Arachidyl alcoholg i.e., 20- 

carbon) No 

1-Hexadecanol (Cetyl alcohol) No 

Isooctadecanol No 

1-Octadecanol (Stearyl alcohol) No 

cis-9-Octadecen-1 -ol (Oleyl alcohol) No 

1 -Tetradecanol (Myristyl alcohol) No 

1 -Tridecanol No 

All other alcohols, unmixed Cn or higher No 

Mixtures of alcohols: Yes 

Alcohol mixtures, Cn or lower only Yes 

Alcohol mixtures, C^ through Cis only Yes 

Fatty alcohols, C8-C30 No 

All other mixtures of alcohols, C12 and higher No 

Alcohol mixtures, other No 

Esters of monohydric alcohols: Yes 

C12-C15 alcohol-lactates No 

Allyl methacrylate No 

Amyl acetates: 

Amyl acetate (n-Pentyl acetate) No 

Butyl acetates: Yes 

n-Butyl acetate Yes 

Isobutyl acetate Yes 

Butyl acrylate Yes 

sec-Butyl chloroformate Yes 

Butyl lactate No 

Butyl mercaptopropionate No 

Butyl methacrylate No 

Butyl oleate No 

n-Butyl perchlorocrotonate No 

Carboxyethyl acrylate No 

Cetyleicosyl methacrylate No 

Cetyl lactate No 

Dialkyl dicarbonate No 

Dibutyl maleate No 

Didecyl adipate No 

Diethyl carbonate (Ethyl carbonate) No 

Di(2-ethyl-1 -hexyl) maleate No 

Diethyl maleate No 

Diethyl oxalate (Ethyl oxalate) No 

Dilauryl-3,3'-thiodipropionate Yes 

Dimethyl carbonate No 

Dioctyl maleate No 

Distearyl-3,3'-thiodipropionate Yes 

Dithiobis(stearyl propionate) No 



AIP, BCP, DUP, EKT, ENJ, GGC, HCL. 

LYP, 
UCC. 
UCC. 
TNA, VST. 
WTH. 

ATR, EKX, HCL, UCC. 
GAR 

BAS, ENJ. 
SHC, UCC. 

PG, TNA, VST. 

ENJ. 

ENJ, PG, TNA, VST 

SHX 

ENJ,' PG, TNA, VST. 

SHX. 

PG. VST. 

ENJ. 

EKT. 

BAS, ENJ, PG, SHC, TNA, UCC. VST. 
PG, SHC, SHX, TNA, VST. 

VST 
ENJ, VST. 

VND. 
CPS. 

UCC. 

BAS, EKT, HCL, UCC. 

BAS. EKT. EKX. HCL, UCC. 

BAS, HCL, RH, UCC, WTL 

PAS, PPG, VCM. 

CPS. 

EVN. 

DUP. RH. 

ELC. 

MAL. 

RDA. 

RH. 

VND. 

SYT 

ART, NOD. 

QCP. 

PPG. 

CHP. 

ACY 

CCW, EVN, WTC. 

PPG. 

NOD. 

ACY, CCW, EVN, WTC. 

EVN. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-26 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals statistics 1 (according to list in table 1 5-3) 

Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Esters of monohydric alcohols-Continued 

Ditridecyl maleate No EFH. 

Di(tridecyl)-3,3'-thiodipropionate No EVN, WTC. 

Dodecylpentadecyl methacrylate No RH. 

2-Ethoxyethyl acetate No CNE, UCC. 

Ethyl acetate (85%) Yes HCL. 

Ethyl acetate (100% basis) No EKX. MON, UCC. 

Ethyl acetoacetate No BRD, EKT. 

Ethyl acrylate No HCL, RH, UCC. 

Ethyl chloroformate No PPG. 

Ethyl 3-ethoxy propionate No EKT, TX. 

2-Ethyl-1-hexyl acetate Yes EKT. 

2-Ethyl-1-hexyl acrylate No BAS. HCL, UCC, WTL 

2-Ethylhexyl chloroformate No PAS, PPG, VCM. 

2-Ethyl-1-hexyl methacrylate No DUP. 

Ethyl maleate, mono No RDA. 

Ethyl methacrylate No DUP. 

Ethyl sulfate (Diethyl sulfate) No UCC. 

Fatty acid esters, not included with plasticizers or 

surface active agents: Yes 

Diisopropyl dimerate No SBC. 

Diisostearyl dimerate No SBC. 

Docosanyl docosenoate No SBC. 

2-ethylhexyl stearate No BRI. 

Hexadecyl hexadecanoate (Palmitic palmitate) ... No SCP 

Isocetyl stearate No VND. 

Isodecyl mercaptoacetate No EVN. 

Isodecyl neopentanoate No BDS. 

Isostearyl isostearate No SBC. 

Methyl behenate No WTC. 

Methyl esters of cottonseed oil No CHL. 

Methyl esters of lard oil No CHL, FER. 

Methyl esters of tallow Yes CHL, FER, WTC, f 2 ). 

Methyl 1 2-hydroxystearate No CAS. 

Methyl oleate No CHL. 

Methyl pentachlorostearate No VCM. 

Methyl pivalate No fi). 

Methyl stearate No CHL, VND, WTC. 

Myristyl myristate No RDA. SBC. 

Myristyl stearate No WTC. 

Stearyl stearate No RDA. 

1-Tetradecylpropionate No BRD. 

Tridecyl stearate No WTC. 

Fatty acid esters, not included with plasticizers 

surface-active agents, all other No SHX. 

Hexyl acetate No ENJ. 

Hexyl acrylate No CPS. 

Hexyl neopentanoate No SBC. 

Isobutyl acrylate No BAS. 

Isobutyl chloroformate No PPG, VCM. 

Isobutyl isobutyrate No EKX. 

Isobutyl methacrylate No RH. 

Isodecyl acrylate No CPS, RDA. 

Isodecyl methacrylate No EVN, RH. 

Iso-octyl mercaptoacetate No CCW, EVN. 

lso-octyl-3-mercaptopropionate No EVN. 

Isopropyl acetate Yes EKT, HCL, UCC. 

isopropyl chloroformate No PPG, VCM. 

Isostearyl neopentanoate No SBC, VND. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-27 



Section 15 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals statistics 1 (according to list in table 15-3) 

Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Esters of monohydric alcohols-Continued 

Lauryl acrylate No CPS. 

Lauryl lactate No VND. 

Lauryl methacrylate No CPS, RH. 

1-Methoxy-2-ethyl acetate No EKX. 

2-Methoxyethyi acrylate No CPS. 

Methyl acetoacetate No BRD, EKT. 

Methyl acrylate No HCL 

Methyl butyrate No PD. 

Methyl chloroformate No PPG. 

Methyl 3,3-dimethyl-4-pentenoate No FMN. 

Methyl formate No HCL 

Methyl methacrylate No CYR, DUP, RH. 

Methyl pivaloylacetate No EKT. 

Methyl sulfate (Dimethyl sulfate) No DUP, NOD. 

Myristyl lactate No CAS, VND. 

Octadecyl-3-mercaptopropionate No EVN. 

Phosphorus acid esters: Yes 

Alkoxylated acid phosphate No ALW. 

Bis-(2-chloroethyl)-2-chloroethylphosphonate No ALW. 

Bis(2-ethylhexyl)hydrogen phosphite No ALW. 

Butyl acid phosphate No ALW, HK. 

Chloroalkyl diphosphate ester, neutral No ALW. 

Chloroalkyl phosphate ester No ALW. 

Dibutyl butylphosphonate No ALW. 

Dibutyl hydrogen phosphite No ALW. 

Diethylhexyl phosphoric acid No ALW. 

Diethyl phosphorochloridothionate No TNA. 

Dimethyl hydrogen phosphite No ALW. 

Dimethyl methylphosphonate No ALW. 

2-Ethylhexyl hydrogen phosphate No ALW. 

Iso-octyl hydrogen phosphate No ALW. 

Methyl dihydrogen phosphate No HK. 

Mixed dialkyl hydrogen phosphates, amine 

salts No ELC. 

mono(2-Ethylhexyl)-2-ethylhexylphosphonic 

acid No ALW, ASL 

Stearyl acid phosphate No HK. 

Telraisopropylmethylene diphosphonate No ALW. 

Trialkyl thiopnosphite No GE. 

Triethyl phosphite No ALW, ICI. 

Triethyl phosphonacetate No AMV. 

Triisodecylphosphite No DVC, WTC. 

Triisooctyl phosphite No ALW, GE. 

Triisopropyl phosphite No ALW. 

Trimethyl phosphite No ALW, ICI. 

Tris(2-chloroethyl)phosphate No PEL 

Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphite No ALW 

Tris-2-chloropropyl phosphate No ALW, PEL. 

Tris(1 ,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate No ALW. 

All other phosphorus acid esters No ALW, DVC. P). 

Propyl acetate Yes BAS, EKT. HCL, UCC. 

n-Propyl chloroformate No PAS, WTL 

Stearyl methacrylate No CPS, RH. TX. 

Tetraethyl orthosilicate (Tetraethyl silicate) No UCC. 

Titanic acid esters: 

Bis[2-(bis[2-hydroxyethyl]amino)ethyl] 

diisopropyl titanate No DUP. 

Bis(ethyl-3-oxobutanato)bis(2-propanolato) 

titanium No DUP. 

Di(hydroxy)bis(ammoniumlactato)titanium No DUP. 



See footnotes at end of table. 
15-28 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 

Esters of monohydric alcohols-Continued 
Titanic acid esters-Continued 

Tetrabutyl titanate No 

Tetraisopropyl titanate No 

Tetrakis(2-ethylhexyl)tJtanate No 

Triethanolamine titanate No 

All other titanic acid esters No 

Triethyl orthoacetate No 

Triethyl orthoformate No 

Triethyl orthopropionate No 

Trimethyl orthoacetate No 

Trimethyl orthoformate No 

Vinyl acetate, monomer Yes 

All other monohydric alcohol esters No 

Polyhydric alcohols: 

2,2-Bis(bromomethyl)-1 ,3-propanediol No 

2-Bromo-2-nitropropanediol No 

1,2(and 1 ,3)-Butanediol No 

1,4-Butanediol Yes 

2-Butene-1,4-diol No 

2-Butyne-1 ,4-diol No 

3-Chloro-1 ,2-propanediol (Glycerol 

a-chlorohydrin) No 

2,2-Dimethyl-1 ,3-propanediol 

(Neopentyl glycol) Yes 

Ethylene glycol No 

2-Ethyl-1,3-hexanediol No 

2-Ethyl-2-(hydroxymethyl)- 1 ,3-propanediol 

(Trimethylolpropane) No 

Glycerol, synthetic only No 

1 ,6-Hexanedioi No 

2-(Hydroxymethyl)-2-methyl- 1 ,3-propanediol 

(Trimethylolethane) No 

Mannrtol No 

3-Mercapto-1 ,2-propanediol (Thioglycerol) No 

2-Methyl-2,4-pentanediol (Hexylene glycol) No 

2-Nitro-2-ethyl-1 ,3-propanediol No 

2-Nitro-2-methyl-1 ,3-propanediol Yes 

Pentaerythritol No 

1 ,5-Pentanediol No 

Propylene glycol (1 ,2-Propanediol) No 

Sorbrtol (70% by Weight) No 

Sorbitol, crystalline No 

Starch, hydrolyzed and hydrogenated No 

2,2,4-TrimethyM ,3-pentanediol No 

All other polyhydric alcohols No 

Esters and ethers of polyhydric alcohols: Yes 

Polyhydric alcohol esters: Yes 

2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethyl acetate Yes 

2-Butoxyethyl acetate No 

1 ,3-Butylene glycol diborate No 

1 ,3-Butylene glycol diborate/hexylene glycol 

boric anhydride No 

1 ,3-Butylene glycol dimethacrylate No 

Diethylene glycol adipate No 

Diethylene glycol chloroformate No 

Diethylene glycol dimethacrylate No 

Dipropylene glycol monomethyl ether 

acetate No 



DUP 
DUP 

DUP, NOD. 
NOD. 
DUP 
NOD. 
NOD. 
NOD. 
NOD. 
NOD. 

DUP, HCL, UCC. USI. 
BAS, BRD, DUP, EKT, ENJ, MON, PAH, 
SBC, SCP, VND, (2), ( 2 ), (2), (2). 

TNA. 

ANG. 

HCL 

BAS! DUP. GAR 

GAR 

BAS, GAR 

DIX, EVN. 

BAS EKX 

BAS! CNE, CXI, DOW, EKX, HCL, PDG, 

PLC, SHC, TX, UCC, (2). 
UCC. 

HCL. 

DOW, SYP 
BAS, CXI. 

IMC. 

ICI. 

EVN. 

ATR. SHC, UCC. 

ANG. 

ANG. 

AQU, HCL, PST. 

BAS 

ATR," DOW, OMC, PLC, TX, UCC. 

ADM, BRD, EHC, ICI, PFZ. RQT. 

ICI, PFZ. RQT. 

RQT. 

EKX. 

BAS, BRD. ICI. (2), (2). 



CNE. EKT, UCC. 
CNE, EKT, UCC. 
USB. 

USB. 
CPS. 
HAL. 
PPG. 
CPS. 



ATR, (2). 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-29 



Section 15 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Esters and ethers of polyhydric alcohols-Continued 
Polyhydric alcohols-Continued 

2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethyl acetate No 

Ethylene glycol diacetate No 

Ethylene glycol dimercaptoacetate No 

Ethylene glycol dimethacrylate No 

2-Ethyl-2(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-propanediol 

trimethacrylate (TMP methacrylate No 

Glycerides, mixed C14-18 and C16-18. mono- 

and di- No 

Glyceryl diacetate (Diacetin) No 

Glyceryl monothioglycolate No 

Glyceryl triacetate (Triacetin) No 

Hydroxyethyl acrylate No 

Hydroxyethyl methacrylate No 

Hydroxypropyl acrylate No 

Hydroxypropyl methacrylate No 

1 -Methoxy-2-propyl acetate No 

Neopentylglycol hydroxypivalate No 

Neopentyl glycol oleate No 

Neopentyl glycol vegetable oil ester No 

Pentaerythritol tetrakis (3-Mercaptopropionate) ... No 

Pentaerythritol tetraoctanoate No 

Pentaerythritol tetrastearate No 

Propylene carbonate No 

Propylene glycol dicaprylatecaprate No 

Sucrose octa-acetate No 

Trimethylolpropane tallowate (TMP tallowate No 

Trimethylolpropane triacrylate No 

Trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate No 

Trimethylolpropane trioleate (TMP trioleate) No 

Trimethylolpropane tris-3-mercaptopropionate No 

2,2,3-Trimethyl-1 ,3-pentanediol 

monoisobutyrate No 

Tripropylene glycol diacrylate No 

All other polyhydric alcohol esters No 

Polyhydric alcohol ethers: Yes 
Bis(2-butoxyethyl)ether (Diethylene glycol di-n- 

butyl ether) No 

Bis(2-ethoxyethyl)ether (Diethylene glycol 

diethyl ether) No 

Bis[2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethyl] ether 

(Tetraethylene glycol dimethyl ether) No 

2-Butoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monobutyl 

ether Yes 

2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol 

monobutyl ether) Yes 

2-[2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene 

glycol monobutyl ether) Yes 

1-Butoxyethoxy-2ijropanol No 

i-Butyraldehyde trimer No 

Diethylene glycol Yes 

Diethylene glycol mono-n-propyl ether No 

Dimethoxyethane (Ethylene glycol dimethyl 

ether) No 

2-Ethoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monoethyl 

ether) Yes 

2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol 

monoethyl ether) Yes 



EKT. 
EKT. 
EVN. 
CPS. 

BRD. 

BRD, SHX, WTC. 

HAL. 

EVN, WTC. 

EKT. 

DOW, RH. 

RDA, RH. 

DOW, RH. 

RH. 

ATR, (2). 

EKX. 

QCP. 

QCP. 

EVN. 

BRD. 

BRD, HPC. 

ATR. 

TX. 

HFT. 

QCP. 

CPS. 

CPS. 

EFH, QCP. 

EVN. 

EKX. 
CPS. 
BRD, EK. GPI, HAL, TX, UCC. 



FER. 

FER. 

FER. 

CNE, DOW, EKX, SHC, UCC. 

CNE, DOW, EKX. SHC, UCC. 

CNE, DOW, UCC. 
UCC. 

BAS, CNE, CXI, EKX, HCL, OMC, PDG. 

SHC. TX, UCC, USI. 
EKX, UCC. 

FER. 

CNE, EKX, OMC, UCC. 

CNE, EKX, OMC, UCC. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-30 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Polyhydric alcohol ethers-Continued 

2-[2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene 

glycol monoethyl ether) No 

Ethylene glycol di-tributyl ether No 

Ethylene glycol di-triethyl ether No 

Glycerol monoallyl ether No 

2-[2-(Hexyloxy)ethoxy]ethanol No 

2-Methoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monomethyl 

ether) No 

2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol 

monomethyl ether) No 

2-[2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol 

(Triethylene glycol monomethyl ether) Yes 

2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethyl-2-methoxyethyl ether 

(Triethylene glycol dimethyl ether) Yes 

Methoxypolyethylene glycol No 

Paraformaldehyde No 

Polyethylene glycol Yes 

Polyethylene glycol butyl ether, propoxylated No 

Polyethylene glycol dimethyl ether No 

Polyglycols, ethylene glycol and glycol ether, 

mixed No 

Polyoxyalkylene glycol No 

Polyoxypropylene polyoxy ethylene glycol, mixed No 

Polytetramethylene glycol ether Yes 

Poly( 1 , 1 , 1 -trichlorobutane-2-ol)ethylene glycol 

dextrose ether No 

Glycolethers derived from propylene oxide: Yes 

Dipropylene glycol No 

Dipropylene glycol monomethyl ether (3-(3- 

ethoxypropoxy)propanol) No 

Ethylene glycol di-tri-propyl ether No 

Propylene glycol t-butyl ether No 

Propylene glycol, mixed ethers No 

Propylene glycol monobutyl ether No 

Propylene glycol monomethyl ether (1-Methoxy-2- 

propanol) No 

Tripropylene glycol No 

Tripropylene glycol monomethyl ether (3-(3-[3- 

Methoxypropoxy]propoxy)propanol) No 

All other propylene glycol ethers (and propylene 

glycols) No 

Polyether polyols based on propylene oxide: Yes 

Polypropylene glycol Yes 

Polypropylene glycol butyl ether (Polypropoxy 

butyl ether) No 

Polypropylene glycol butyl ether, ethoxylated 

(Polypropoxy butyl ether, ethoxylated) No 

Polypropylene glycol glycerol triether 

(Polypropoxyglyceryl triether) No 

1 ,3-Propanediol, 2-ethyl-2-(hydroxymethyl)-, 

polymer with oxirane No 

All other polyether polyols based on propylene 

oxide No 

Propoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monopropyl 

ether) No 

Propylene glycol, alkoxylated No 



CNE, OMC, UCC. 

EKX. 

EKX, FER. 

RDA. 

UCC. 

CNE, OMC, UCC. 

CNE, DOW, OMC, UCC. 

CNE, OMC, UCC. 

FER, OMC. 

PPG, RDA, UCC, (2). 

HCL 

ABB, BAS, DOW, OMC, PPG, SCP, SHX, 

UCC, (2). 
ICI. 
DAN, SCP, SHX. 

HCL, UCC, (2). 

OMC. 

UCC. 

BAS, DUP, QKO. 

DOW. 



ATR, EKX, OMC. PLC, TX. 

ATR, OMC. 
EKX. 
ATR, (2). 
EKX. 
OMC. 

ATR, OMC. 

ATR, DOW, UCC, (2). 

ATR, OMC. 

ft- 

BAS, DOW, OMC, PPG, RDA, TX, (2). 

PPG. 

BAS, PPG. 

PPG, RDA. 

ft- 

EKX.TX. 

EKX. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-31 



Section 15 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers' Identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Polyhydric alcohol ethers-Continued 

Sorbitol, alkoxylated No 

Sorbitol, ethoxylated No 

Soibitol monooleate No 

Sorbitol monostearate No 

Tetraethylene glycol Yes 

Tetra/penta glycols, mixed No 

2,2'-Thiodiethanol (Thiodiglycol) No 

Triethylene glycol Yes 

All other polyhydric alcohol ethers No 

Brominated, chlorinated and fluorinated 

hydrocarbons: Yes 

Brominated (including bromochlorinated) Yes 

hydrocarbons: 

Brominated hydrocarbons, C12-C18 No 

1 -Bromobutane (n-Butyi bromide) Yes 

Bromochloromethane No 

Bromodecane (Decyl bromide) No 

Bromodocosane No 

Bromoethane (Ethyl bromide) No 

Bromomethane (Methyl bromide) No 

1-Bromo-3-methyl-2-butene No 

1-Bromo-octadecane No 

1 -Bromopentane (n-Amyl bromide) No 

1-Bromopropane (n-Propyl bromide) No 

2,3-Dibromobutane No 

Dibromomethane (Methylene bromide) No 

All other brominated (Including bromochlorinated) 

hydrocarbons No 

Chlorinated (not otherwise halogenated) 

hydrocarbons: Yes 

Carbon tetrachloride Yes 

Chlorinated paraffins (C10-C30): Yes 

Chlorinated paraffins, 35-64% chlorine Yes 

Chlorinated paraffins, less than 35% chlorine ... No 

Chlorinated paraffins, 65% or more chlorine No 

1-Chlorobutane (n-Butyl chloride) No 

Chloroform Yes 

Chloromethane (Methyl chloride) Yes 

3-Chloropropene (Allyl chloride) No 

Decyl chloride No 

1 ,2-Dichloroethane (Ethylene dichloride) Yes 

1 ,2-Dichlorcpropane (Propylene dichloride) No 

2,3-Dichloropropene No 

n-Dodecyl chloride No 

Ethyl chloride (Chloroethane) No 

2-Ethylhexyl chloride No 

Hexadecyl chloride No 

Methylene chloride (Dichloromethane) Yes 

Octadecyl chloride No 

Octyl chloride No 

Perchloroethylene (Tetrachloroethane) Yes 

n-Tetradecyl chloride No 

Tetrahydroalloocimenyl hydrochloride (Tetrahydro- 

dimethylatriene hydrochloride No 



ICI, (2) 

PPG, (2). 

WTC. 

WTC. 

CNE, DOW, EKX, UCC. 

CXI 

MRT, PLC, RDA. 

CNE, CXI, DOW, EKX, HCL, PDG, SHC, 

TV UCC 

DUP.MIL, PAH, SCP, SM, UCC. (2). 



DVC. 

DAZ, GTL, UCC. 

TNA. 

HMY. 

HMY. 

GTL. 

TNA. 

SD. 

HMY. 

DAZ. 

DAZ, GTL. 

HMY. 

TNA. 



FER, TNA. 



AKZ. DOW, FRO, HK, LCP. 

DVC. FER, HK. 

SHC 

DVC FER, HK. 

ALW. 

DOW, FRO, HK, LCP. 

DCC, DOW, FRO, HK, LCP, SPD, VST. 

DOW, SHC. 

BRD. 

ALW, BFG, DOW, FOR, FRO, GGC, HK, 

PLC, PPG, SHC, VST, WLK. 
DOW. 
SHC. 
BRD. 

DOW, DUP, PPG. 
ALW. 
BRD. 

DOW, FRO. HK. LCP. 
BRD. 
BRD. 

DOW, FRO, HK, PPG. 
BRD. 

NCI. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-32 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Brominated, chlorinated and fluorinated 
hydrocarbons-Continued 
Chlorinated (not otherwise halogenated) 
hydrocarbons-Continued 

1,1,1 -Trichloroethane (Methyl chloroform) Yes 

1 ,1 ,2-Trichloroethane (Vinyl trichloride) No 

Trichloroethylene No 

1 ,2,3-Trichloropropane No 

Vinyl chloride, monomer (Chloroethylene) Yes 

Vinylidene chloride, monomer 

(1 ,1-Dichloroethylene) No 

All other chlorinated (Not otherwise halogenated) 

hydrocarbons No 

Fluorinated (including other fluorohalogenated) 

hydrocarbons: Yes 

Bromochlorodifluoromethane No 

2-Bromo-2-chloro- 1,1,1 -trifluoroethane (Halothane) . No 

Bromodifluoromethane No 

Bromotrifluoromethane No 

1-Chloro-1,1-difluoroethane (F-142b) No 

Chlorodifluoromethane (F-22) Yes 

2-Chloro-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (F-124) No 

Chlorotrifluoroethylene (Trifluorovinyl chloride) No 

2-Chloro-1,1 ,2-trifluoroethyl methyl ether No 

Chlorotrifluoromethane (F-13) No 

Dibromodifluoromethane No 

1 ,2-Dibromo-1 ,1 ,2,2-tetrafluoroethane No 

Dichlorodifluoromethane (F-12) Yes 

1 ,1-Dichloro-1-fluoroethane (141b) No 

Dichlorotetrafluoroethane (F-114) No 

Dichloro-trifluoroethane (F-123) No 

1 , 1-Drfluoroethane No 

Hexafluoropropylene, monomer No 

1-lodoperfluorohexane No 

1 ,2,2,2-Tetrafluoroethane (F-134a) No 

Tetrafluoroethylene (F-1114) No 

Tetrafluoromethane (F-14) No 

Trichlorofluoromethane (F-11) Yes 

Trichlorotrifluoroethane (F-113) No 

Trifluoropropene No 

Vinyl fluoride, monomer N 

Vinylidene fluoride, monomer No 

All other fluorinated (including other 

fluorohalogenated hydrocarbons) No 

Other miscellaneous acyclic chemicals: Yes 
lodinated (not otherwise halogenated) hydrocarbons: 

Ethylhexyl iodide (lodoethyl hexane) No 

lodobutane No 

lodoethane (Ethyl iodide), non-medical No 

lodomethane (Methyl iodide) No 

All other iodinated (Not otherwise halogenated) 

hydrocarbons No 

Acetylacetonates: 

Aluminum acetylacetonate No 

Titanium acetylacetonate No 

All other acetylacetonates No 



DOW. FRO, PPG. 
DOW. 

DOW, PPG. 
DOW. 

BCP, BFG, DOW, FOR, GGC, HK, PLC, 
PPG, VST, WLK. 

DOW, PPG. 

BRD. 



GTL 

HOC. 

GTL. 

DUP, GTL. 

PAS 

ACS, DUP, LRO, PAS. 

&s. 

OH. 

DUP, GTL. 
GTL. 

ft- 

ACS. DUP, LRO, PAS. 

PAS 

ACS. DUP, PAS. 

HOC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

HOC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

ACS, DUP, LRO, PAS. 

ACS, DIX, DUP. 

GTL, HOC. 

DUP. 

PAS. 

DUP, HOC, REG, (2). 



RSA. 
RSA. 
RSA. 
RSA. 

RSA. 

MCK. 
NOD. 
MCK. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-33 



Section 15 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, Identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 



Other miscellaneous acyclic chemicals-Continued 

Acyclic peroxides: Yes 

Acetylacetone peroxide No 

tert-Amyl hydroperoxide No 

t-Amylperoxy acetate No 

t-Amylperoxy neodecanoate No 

t-Amylperoxy pivalate No 

2-Butanone peroxide (MEK peroxide) Yes 

n-Butyl-4,4-bis[t-butylperoxy]valerate No 

t-Butyl-2-ethylhexyl monoperoxycarbonate No 

tert-Butyl hydroperoxide No 

tert-Butyl peroxide (Di-tert-butyl peroxide) No 

tert-Butyl peroxyacetate No 

tert-Butyl peroxy-2-ethylhexanoate No 

tert-Butyl peroxyisobutyrate No 

tert-Butyl peroxyisopropylcarbonate No 

tert-Butyl peroxy maleic acid No 

tert-Butyl peroxyneodecanoate No 

tert-Butyl peroxypivalate No 

Decanoyl peroxide No 

Di(sec-butyl)peroxydicarbonate No 

Di-(2-ethylhexyl) peroxydicarbonate No 

2,5-Dihydroperoxy-2,5-dimethylhexane No 

2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di(tert-burylperoxy)hexane No 

2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di(tert-butylperoxy)hexyne-3 No 

2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-di(2-ethylhexanoyl 

peroxy)hexane No 

2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-dighydroperoxy) hexane No 

1 ,1 -Dimethyl-3-hydroxybutyl- 

peroxyneoheptanoate No 

1 ,1 -Dimethyl-3-hydroxybutyl- 

peroxyneohexanoate No 

Di-n-propyl peroxydicarbonate No 

Ethyl-3,3-di(t-amylperoxy)butyrate No 

Ethyl 3.3-di(t-butyl peroxy) butyrate No 

Lauroyl peroxide No 

2,4-Pentanedione peroxide No 

Peroxyacetic acid (Peracetic acid) No 

Succinyl peroxide No 

Tertiary amyl per-2-ethylhexanoate No 

All other acyclic peroxides No 

Brominated pentaerythritol No 

2-Butenedioic, monomethyl ester, polymer with 

methoxyethene No 

Carbon disulfide No 

Carboxylic acid alkoxylates No 

Epoxides, ethers, and acetals: Yes 

Bis(2-chloroethyl)ether (Dichlorodi ethyl ether) No 

Butylene oxide No 

sec-Butyl ether No 

Butyl vinyl ether No 

Chloromethyl methyl ether No 

2,2-Dichloro-1,1-drfluoroethyl methyl ether No 

Dimethyl disulfide No 

Dimethyl sulfide No 

Dimethyl sulfone No 

Epichlorohydrin No 

Ethylene oxide Yes 

Ethyl ether No 



CAD, PAS. 

PAS, WTC, WTL 

WTL 

WTL. 

WTL. 

CAD, PAS, WTC. WTL. 

PAS, WTL. 

PAS. WTL. 

ATR, NOC. PAS, WTC, WTL 

PAS, WTC, WTL 

AZT, PAS, WTL. 

AZT, PAS, WTC, WTL. 

PAS, WTL. 

PAS, WTL. 

PAS, WTL. 

PAS, WTC, WTL 

AZT, PAS, WTC, WTL. 

PAS, WTL. 

PAS, WTL 

PAS, WTC, WTL 

PAS, WTL. 

AZT, PAS, WTL. 

AZT, PAS, WTL. 

PAS, WTC, WTL 
WTL. 

PAS. 

WTL. 

PAS, WTL 
PAS, WTL. 
PAS, WTL 
PAS, WTL 
WTL. 

PAS, WTL. 
WTC, WTL. 
WTL 
TNA. 

TNI. 

AKZ, PAS. 
ft- 

BKM. 

DOW. 

ENJ. 

GAR 

RH. 

OH. 

PAS. 

PAS. 

AUS. 

DOW, SHC. 

BAS, CNE, DOW. EKX. HCL. OMC. SHC. 

SUN, TX, UCC, USI. 
EKX, USI. 



See footnotes at end of table. 
15-34 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals statistics 1 (according to list in table 15-3) 

Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 

Other miscellaneous acyclic chemicals-Continued 
Epoxides, ethers, and acetals-Continued 

Ethyl vinyl ether No GAF. 

Glycidol (2,3-Epoxy-1-propanol) No DIX. 

Glycidyl ethers: 
1 -(Allyloxy)-2,3-epoxypropane (Allyl glycidyl 

ether) No CPS. 

1-Butoxy-2,3-epoxypropane (Butyl glycidyl 

ether) No CPS, (2). 

tert-Butyl glycidyl ether No CPS. 

All other glycidyl ethers No Q. 

Isopropyl ether No ENJ, SHC. 

Methylal (Dimethoxymethane) No HCL. 

Methyl vinyl ether No GAF, UCC. 

Poly(oxy-1 ,2-ethanediyl), a-(1 -oxotetradecyl)- .... No SCP 

Propylene oxide No ATR. 

1 ,1 ,3,3-Tetramethoxypropane No NOD. 

Tri- and tetraacrylate monomers No SQA. 

All other epoxides, ethers, acetals No GAF, PAS, UCC. 

2-(Ethylmercapto)ethanol No DVC. 

Fats and oils, chemically modified: Yes 

Brominated vegetable oil No DOM. 

Castor oil, hydrogenated No CAS. 

Castor oil, polymerized No CAS. 

Chlorinated fatty materials No FER. 

Hydrogenated menhaden fish oil No CHL, WTO 

Hydrogenated tallow glycerides Yes BRD, CHL, WTO 

Palm oil, hydrogenated No ' BRD. 

Tallow, partially hydrogenated No CHL 

Vegetable glycerides, hydrogenated No BRD, WTO 

All other fats and oils, chemically modified No ARC, AUS, CAS, CJO, SCP, SM. 

Glutaraldehyde bis(sodium bisulfite) No FMT 

Hydrocarbons: Yes 

n-Decane :.. No HMY. PLC. 

3.3-Dimethylbutene No PLC. 

n-Dodecane No HMY, PLC. 

Hexadecane No HMY. 

Myrcene No SCM, (2). 

n-Octadecane No HMY. 

n-Octane No HMY, PLC. 

n-Tetradecane No HMY. 

All other hydrocarbons No DUP. 

2-Mercaptoethanol No MRT, RDA. 

Methylethyl sulfide No PAS. 

Methyl sulfide (Dimethyl sulfide) No PLC. 

Methyl sulfoxide (Dimethyl sulfoxide) No GAY. 

Octadecanoic acid, 2-(1-carboxyethoxy)-1-methyl-2- 

oxoethyl ester, sodium salt No WTO 

Organo-aluminum compounds: Yes 

Aluminum di-sec-butoxkje acetoacetic ester 

chelate No CHT 

Aluminum diisobutoxy ethyl acetoacetate No KCH. 

Aluminum diisopropoxide acetoacetic ester 

chelate No CHT, KCH. 

Aluminum [1,3-butanedialato(2)-0,0'](ethyl-3- 

oxobutanoato-O 1 ,0 3 -hydroxy T-4 No CHT 

Aluminum isooctoxide, diisopropoxide No KCH. 

Aluminum isopropoxide (Aluminum 

isopropylate) No CHT, KCH. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-35 



Section 15 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate (Manufacturers' identification codes 
Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals statistics 1 (according to list In table 15-3) 

Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 

Other miscellaneous acyclic chemicals-Continued 
Organo-aluminum compounds-Continued 

Aluminum tri-sec-butoxide No CHT. 

Diethylaluminum chloride No TNA, TSA. 

Diethylaluminum iodide No TNA, TSA. 

Diisobutylaluminum chloride No TNA. 

Diisobutylaluminum hydride No TNA, TSA. 

Diisobutylaluminum oxide No TSA. 

Di-n-propylaluminum chloride No TSA 

Ethylaluminum dichloride No TNA, TSA. 

Ethylaluminum sesquichloride No TNA, TSA. 

Isobutylaluminum No TSA. 

Isobutylaluminum chloride No TNA. 

Isopropenylaluminum No TSA. 

Oxoaluminum isopropoxide No KCH. 

Oxoaluminum stearate No CHT, KCH. 

Oxyaluminum octanoate No CHT. KCH. 

Polyol aluminum chelate No SQA. 

Sodium dihydro-bis(2-methoxyethoxy) 

aluminate No HXL 

Tri-n-butylaluminum No TNA, TSA. 

Triethylaluminum No TNA, TSA. 

Tri-n-hexyl aluminum No TNA, TSA. 

Triisobutylaluminum No TNA, TSA. 

Trimethylaluminum No TNA, TSA. 

Tri-n-octylaluminum No TNA, TSA. 

Tri-oxyaluminum tri-isopropoxide No CHT. 

All other organo-aluminum compounds No CHT, KCH, TNA, TSA. 

Organo-boron compounds: Yes 

Diethanolamine-borate No EFH. 

N-Methyl-methanamine with borane (1:1) No @. 

2-Methyl-2-propanamine with borane(1 :1) No ft. 

Mixed alcohol borates No SCM. 

Trimethoxyboroxine No r). 

Trimethyl borate No MHI. 

N,N,N-Trimethyl methanaminium 

octahydrotriborate No ft. 

All other organo-boron compounds No ADC, FER, HCL, TSA, ft. 

Organo-lithium compounds: 

n-Butyllithium No FTE. 

sec-Butyllithium No FTE. 

Lithium hydroxystearate No WTC. 

Organo-magnesium compounds: 

Butyl ethyl magnesium No TSA. 

Di-n-butylmagnesium No TSA 

Di-n-hexyl magnesium No TSA. 

Magnesium methylate No SOI. 

Organo-nickel compounds No FER. 

Organo-silicon compounds: No 

N-Aminoethylaminopropyl trimethoxysilane No DCC, NOD. 

Chloromethyldimethylchlorosilane No PCR. 

a-Chloropropyltrichlorosilane No DCC, NOD. 

Chloropropyltrimethoxysilane No DCC, UCC. 

Chlorotrimethylsilane No DCC. 

Dichlorodimethylsilane No DCC. 

Dichloromethylsilane No DCC. 

Dichloromethylvinylsilane No DCC, PCR, ( 2 ). 

Diisobutyl dimethoxychloro silane No NOD. 

Divinyltetramethyldisilizane No PCR. 



See footnotes at end of table. 

15-36 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 



Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals 



Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
statistics 1 (according to list in table 15-3) 



Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 



Other miscellaneous acyclic chemicals-Continued 
Organo-silicon compounds-Continued 

Divinyl tetramethyldisiloxane No 

a-Glycidoxypropyttrimethoxysilane No 

Hexamethyldisilazane No 

HexamethykJisiloxane No 

Hexyltrichlorosilane No 

Isobutyltrimethoxysilane No 

Mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane No 

a-Methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane No 

Methyltrimethoxysilane and 

polymethyltrisiloxane No 

N-Octyltriethoxy silane No 

Polyoxyalkene silicones No 

Silicone fluids Yes 

Silicone resins for mold release agents No 

Tetramethyldisiloxane No 

Trichloromethylsilane No 

Trichloropropyjsilane No 

Trichlorovinylsilane No 

Tris(2-methoxyethoxy)vinyl silane No 

Tris(pentamethyldisiloxanyl)-3- 

methacrylatopropylsilane No 

Vinylmethyldichlorosilane No 

Vinyltriethoxysilane No 

Vinyl trimethoxy silane No 

All other organo-silicon compounds No 

Organo-tJn compounds: Yes 

Dibutyltin bis(butylmaleate) No 

Dibutyltin bis(isooctylmercaptoacetate) No 

Dibutyltin bis(mercaptolaurate) No 

Dibutyltin carboxylates No 

Dibutyltin dichloride No 

Dibutyltin oxide No 

Dimethyltin dichloride No 

Dimethyltin-IOTG No 

Ester tin mercaptoesters No 

Monomethyl tin No 

Organotin mercaptides No 

All other organo-tin compounds No 

Organo-zinc compounds: 

Diethylzinc No 

All other organo-zinc compounds No 

Perfluoroalkyl polyether No 

Phosgene (Carbonyl chloride) Yes 

PolyaTphaolefins No 

Polyepichlorohydrin No 

Polyhexafluoropropylene oxide No 

Polymethacrylic acid esters No 

Poly(oxyalkylene glycol)— polymer with 
polymethylene-polyphenyleneisocyanate-urethane 

prepolymer No 

Potassium 2-methyl-2-butanol No 

Potassium 2-methyl-2-propanol No 

Sodium methoxide (Sodium methylate) No 

Trifluoroethanol No 

Zircoaluminate compounds No 



NOD, ( 2 ). 
NOD, UCC. 
DCC, NOD, PCR. 
PCR. 
PCR 

DCC, NOD. 
NOD, UCC. 
UCC. 

DCC, UCC. 

PCR. 

UCC. 

DCC, SPD, SWS, UCC. 

ALW. 

PCR, ft. 

DCC. 

DCC. 

UCC. 

NOD. 

PCR, (2). 
NOD, UCC. 
NOD. 

DCC, NOD, PCR, PCR, SCP, UCC, (2), 
ft. ft. (2). 

CCA, WTC. 

PAS, WTC. 

PAS. 

FER. 

PAS, WTC. 

PAS. 

WTC. 

WTC. 

CCA. 

WTC. 

CCA, CCW, PAS. 

PCR, ft. 

TSA. 

TSA. 

DUP. 

DUP, ICI, OMC. PPG, VDM. 

TNA. 



DUP. 



DUP. 
DUP, WTL 



GLC. 



8 



HK, OMC. 

HOC. 

KCH. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-37 



Section 15 

Table 15-2— Continued 

Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production and/or sales were either reported or estimated, identified 

by manufacturer, 1991 

Separate Manufacturers' identification codes 
Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals statistics 1 (according to list in table 15-3) 

Miscellaneous chemicals, acyclic-Continued 
Other miscellaneous acyclic chemicals-Continued 

All other miscellaneous acylic chemicals No AIP, ANG, BDS, BRD, DPW, EK, EKT, 

HXL, MCK, MRF, PAH, PAS, PIC, RSA, 
SCP.TCC, TNA, TSA, TUL, USR, (*), 

fl.ft. 

Mixtures not specifically itemized: Yes 
Alcohols, monohydric, and their esters, C 8 and 

higher No EKX. 

Butyl formcel No HCL. 

Celtone Yes HCL. 

Fatty acid residues No ARZ, BRD. DRL, SHX, SYP, WTC. 

Gluconic acid and salts, mixed No PMP. 

Glycol residues No OMC. 

Methyl formcel No HCL, NOD. 

Oxo process bottoms No CXI. 

Propionic blends No HCL. 

Rosin/fatty acid mixtures No ARZ. 

Rosin/fatty acid^itch mixtures No ARZ. 

Terpene residues No ARZ. 

All other mixtures not specifically itemized No ARC, CNE, HCL, LYP, MON, PLC. SCP. 

1 Chemicals for which separate statistics are reported in this section are indicated by 'yes.' Chemicals for which 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published are indicated by 'no.' 

2 The manufacturer did not consent to be identified with the designated products. 

Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



15-38 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 15-3 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1991 



Code Name of company 

ABB Abbott Laboratories 

ABB Abbott Laboratories 

ACS Allied Signal Inc., Engineered Material 

Sector 

ACY American Cyanamid Co. 

ADC Anderson Development Co. 

ADM Archer Daniels Midland Co. 

AIP Air Products & Chemicals, Inc. 

AKZ Akzo Chemicals, Inc. 

ALI Anzon, Inc. 

ALW Albright & Wilson, Americas, inc. 

AMB American Bio-Synthetics Corp. 

AMO Amoco Corp. 

AMV Amvac Chemical Corp. 

ANG Angus Chemical Co. 

AQU Aqualon Co. 

ARC Akzo Chemicals, Inc. 

ARS Arsynco, Inc., Sub. Div of Aceto Corp. 

ART Aristech Chemical Corp. 

ARZ Arizona Chemica Co. 

ASH Ashland Chemical, Inc. 

ASL Specialtychem Products Corp. 

ATL Atlantic Industries, Inc. 

ATR Arco Chemical Co. 

AUS Ausimont N.V. 

AZT Aztec Catalyst Co. 

BAS BASF Corp. 

BCC Buffalo Color Corp. 

BCP Borden Chemical & Plastics Delaware 

Limited 

BDS " Fragrance Resources, Inc. 

BFG B.F. Goodrich Co. 

BFP American Ingredients Company 

BKC J. T. Baker Chemical Co. 

BKM Buckman Laboratories, Inc. 

BOC Biocraft Laboratories, Inc. 

BOR Borden, Inc., Packaging & Indus. Prod. 

Div. 

BRD Lonza, Inc. 

BRI Burlington Industries 

BRS Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. 

BTL BTL Specialty Resin Corp. 

BUC Synalloy Corp., Blackman Uhler 

Chemical Div. 

CAD Akzo Chemicals, Inc. 

CAS Caschem, Inc. 

CBD Neste Resins Corp. 

CCA Akzo Chemicals, Inc. 



Code Name of company 

CCC C.N.C. International, LP. 

CCW Morton International, Inc., 

Speciality Chemicals Group 

CGY Ciba-Geigy Corp. 

CHD Chemdesign Corp. 

CHG Mobay Chemical Corp., Agricultural 

Chemicals Div. 

CHL Chemol, Inc. 

CHO Ducon 

CHP C. H. Patrick & Co., Inc. 

CHT Chattem, Inc. 

CJO C. J. Osbom Chemical, Inc. 

CNE Oxy Petrochemicals, Inc. 

CNP DSM Chemicals, North America, Inc. 

CPS CPS Chemical Co., Inc. 

CWN Upjohn Co., Fine Chemicals 

CXI Chemical Exchange Industries, Inc. 

CYR CYRO Industries 

DAN Hickson Danchem Corp. 

DAZ Diaz Chemical Corp. 

DCC Dow Corning Corp. 

DGC Degussa Corp. 

DIX Dixie Chemical Co., Inc. 

DKA Miles, Inc. 

DOM Dominion Products, Inc. 

DOW Dow Chemical Co. 

DPW Deepwater Iodides. Inc. 

DRL Unichema North America 

DUP E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. 

Chemicals & Pigments Dept. 

Petrochemicals Dept. 

Polymer Products Dept. 
DVC Dover Chemical Corp. Sub. of ICC 

Industries, Inc. 

DVR Diversified Technology, Inc. 

EFH E. F. Houghton & Co. 

EHC Ethichem Corp. 

EK Eastman Kodak Co.: 

EKT Tennessee Eastman Co. Div. 

EKX Texas Eastman Co. Div. 

ELC Elco Corp. Sub. of Detrex Inc. 

ENJ Exxon Chemical Americas 

EVN W R. Grace & Co., Organic Chemicals 

Div. 

Evans Chemetics 
FER Ferro Corp.: 

Bedford Chemical Div. 

Grant Chemical Div. 

Keil Chemical Div. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-39 



Section 15 

Table 15-3— Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1991 



Code 



Name of company 



Code Name of company 

KLM Kalama Chemical, Inc. 

KMI Kemin Industries, Inc. 

LCP LCP Chemicals, Hanlin Group. Inc., 

West Virginia, Inc. 

LRO Laroche Chemicals, Inc. 

LYP Lyondell Petrochemical Co. 

MAL Mallinckrodt, Inc. 

MCI Mooney Chemicals, Inc. 

MCK MacKenzie Chemical Works, Inc. 

MHI Morton International, Inc. 

MIL Milliken & Co., Milliken Chemical Div. 

MNA Monsanto Co., Agricultural Group 

MON Monsanto Co. 

MRF Morlex, Inc. 

MRT Morton International, Inc., Specialtys 

Chemical 

NCC Niacet Corp. 

NCI Union Camp Corp., BBA Div. 

NES Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co. 

NOC Norac Co., Inc. Mathe Div. 

NOD Huls America, Inc. 

OH Anaquest 

OMC OlinCorp. 

ORT Roehr Chemicals, Inc., Div. of Aceto 

Corp. 

PAH Parish Chemical Co. 

PAS ELF Atochem North America, Inc. 

PCI Piedmont Chemical Industries. Inc. 

PCR PCR, Inc. 

PCW Pfister Chemical, Inc. 

PD Parke-Davis, Div. of Warner-Lambert 

Co. 

PDG P.D. Glycol 

PEL PelronCorp. 

PEN Penick Corp. 

PFN Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc. 

PFZ Pfizer, Inc. 

PG Procter & Gamble Co., Procter & 

Gamble 

Mfg. Co. 

PIC Pierce Chemical Co. 

PLC Phillips 66 Co. 

PLS Plastics Engineering Co. 

PMP PMP Fermentation Products, Inc. 

PPG PPG Industries, Inc. 

PSG PMC, Inc., PMC Specialities Group, Inc. 

PST Perstorp Polyols, Inc. 

QCP Quaker Chemical Corp. 

QKO QO Chemicals, Inc. 

RCI Reichhold Chemicals, Corp. 



FMN FMC Corp., Agricultural Chemical 

Group 

FMT Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc. 

FOC Handschy Industries, Inc., Ink and 

Chemical Div. 

FOR Formosa Plastics Corporation Louisiana 

FRO Vulcan Materials Co., Chemicals Div. 

FTE Cyprus Foote Mineral Company 

FTX Finetex, Inc. 

GAF ISP Chemicals, Inc., Div. of GAF 

Chemicals 

GAY Gaylord Chemical Corp. 

GE General Electric Co., Specialty 

Chemical Group 

GFS GFS Chemical, Inc. 

GGC Georgia-Gulf Corp.: 

Houston Div. 

Plaquemine Div. 

GIV Givaudan Corp. 

GLC General Latex & Chemical Corp. 

GP Georgia-Pacific Corp., Resins 

Operations 

GPI Grindsted Products. Inc. 

GTL Great Lakes Chemical Corp. 

HAL C. P. Hall Co. 

HAR Haarman Reimer Corp., Food 

Ingredients Div. 

HCC Hatco Corp. 

HCL Hoechst Celanese Corp: 

Chemical Group Inc. 

Fibers Industrial Division 

Sou-Tex Works 

HCP Honig Chemical & Processing Corp. 

HFT Syntex Agribusiness, Inc. 

HK Occidental Chemical Corp., ED & S Div. 

HML Hummel Crofton, Inc. 

HMP W. R. Grace & Co., Hampshire 

Chemicals Div. 

& Organic Chemicals Div. 

HMY Humphrey Chemical Co. 

HOC Halocarbon Products Corp. 

HPC Hercules, Inc. 

HXL Hexcel Corp., Hexcel Chemical 

Products 
ICI ICI Americas, Inc.: 

Agricultural Chemical Div. 

Rubicon, Inc. 

Specialty Chemical Div. 

IMC Pitman-Moore 

JRC Jarchem Industries, Inc. 

KCH Rhone-Poulenc Chemicals 



See footnotes at end of table. 



15-40 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 

Table 15-3 — Continued 

Miscellaneous cyclic and acyclic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, alphabetical by code, 1991 



Code 



Name of company 



Code Name of company 

TNA Ethyl Corp. 

TNI Gillette Chemical Co. 

TOC Tenneco Methanol Co. 

TRO Troy Chemical Corp. 

TSA Akzo Chemicals, Inc. 

TUL Tull Chemical Co., Inc. 

TX Texaco Chemical Co. 

TZC Magnesium Elektron, Inc. 

UCC Union Carbide Corp., Industrial 

Chemicals Oiv. 

UPM UOP, Inc. 

USB U. S. Borax & Chemical Corp. 

USI Quantum Chemical Corp., US I Div. 

USR Uniroyal Chemical Co., Inc. 

UTC Unitex Chemical Corp. 

VCM Vanchem, Inc. 

VDM Van De Mark Chemical Co., Inc. 

VEL Velsicol Chemical Corp. 

VNC Vanderbilt Chemical Corp. 

VND ISP-Van Dyk, Inc. 

VST Vista Chemical Co. 

WCL Wright Chemical Corp. 

WLK Westlake Corp. 

WM Inolex Chemical Co. 

WPG West Point-Pepperell, Inc., Grifftex 

Chemical Co. Sub. 

WTC WitcoCorp. 

WTH Union Camp Corp., Chemical Division 

WTL ELF Atochem North America, Inc., 

Organic Peroxides Div. 

WVA Westvaco Corp. 

WYK Wyckoff Chemical Co.. Inc. 



RDA Rhone-Poulenc, Inc. 

REG Regis Chemical Co. 

RH Rohm & Haas Co. 

RQT Roquette Corporation 

RSA R.S.A. Corp. 

S Sandoz Chemical Corp. 

SBC Scher Chemicals, Inc. 

SC Sterling Chemicals, Inc. 

SCM SCM Corp., Gildco Organics 

SCN Schenectady Chemicals, Inc. 

SCP Henkel Corp. 

SD Sterling Drug, Inc. 

SDC Sandoz Chemicals Corp. 

SDW Sterling Drug, Inc., Sterling Organics 

Div. 

SHC Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. 

SHP Shepherd Chemical Co. 

SHX Sherex Chemical Co., Inc. 

SK Smithkline Beecham Chemicals 

SM Mobil Oil Corp.: 

Chemical Products Div. 

SOH BP Chemicals, Inc. 

SOI Speciality Organics, Inc. 

SPD General Electric Co., Silicone 

Products Div. 

SQA Sequa Chemicals, Inc. 

SUN Sun Co., Inc. 

SWS Wacker Silicones 

SYP Synthetic Products Co. 

SYT Synthron, Inc. 

TCC Sybron Chemicals, Inc. 

TLC Twin Lake Chemical, Inc. 



Note.— Complete names, telephone number, and addresses of the above reporting companies are listed in app. A. 
Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



15-41 



APPENDIX A 
DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 



Appendix A 

Table A-1 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1991 

(Names of synthetic organic chemicals manufacturers that reported production and/or sales to the U.S. International 
Trade Commission for 1991 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in the 
15 individual sections of this report) 

Identi- 
fication Telephone 
code Name of company number Office address 



ABB 

ILI 

ACO 
AES 

CCS 

AIP 

AJY 

AJI 

AKZ 

ARC 

CCA 

CAD 

TSA 

FRP 

REL 

AKZ 

IOV 

ALW 

ALC 

ALD 

ACH 
ALG 
ALL 
ACS 



BME 
ALX 
ALP 
APH 
HES 

AMB 

ACY 

BFP 

API 

ASY 

SPO 

HVG 



Abbott Laboratories 708-937-8343 

Acme Steel Co 708-849-2500 

Adco Chemical Co 201-589-0880 

Advanced Elastomer Systems, L.P. 314-453-5300 

Advanced Resins, Inc 303-245-8148 

Air Products & Chemicals, Inc 215-481-4911 

Ajay Chemicals, Inc 404-943-6202 

Ajinomoto USA, Inc 201-488-1212 

Akzo Chemicals, Inc 312-906-7500 

Akzo Chemicals, Inc 312-906-7500 

Akzo Chemicals, Inc 312-906-7500 

Akzo Chemicals, Inc 312-906-7500 

Akzo Chemicals, Inc 713-479-8411 

Akzo Coatings, Inc 912-367-3616 

Akzo Coatings, Inc 502-459-9110 

Akzo Coatings, Inc 502-459-9110 

Akzo/Resins & Vehicles 708-481-8900 

Albright & Wilson, Americas. Inc 804-550-4300 

Alco Chemical 615-629-1405 

Aldrich Chemical Co., Inc 414-273-3850 

Allco Chemical Corp 214-733-6841 

Allegheny Chemical Corp 814-772-3965 

Alliance Chemical, Inc 201-945-5400 

Allied Signal Inc: 

Engineered Materials Sector 201-455-4911 

Engineered Plastic Div 201-455-2000 

Friction Materials Div 518-270-0200 

Alox Corp 716-282-1295 

Alpha Laboratories, Inc 303-756-1338 

Alpha Resins Corp 901-853-2450 

Amerada Hess Corp. (Hess Oil 201-750-6000 

Virgin Island Corp.) 

American Bio-Synthetics Corp 414-384-7017 

American Cyanamid Co 201-831-2768 

American Ingredients, Co 816-561-9050 

American Polymers, Inc 508-756-1010 

American Synthetic Rubber Corp 502-449-8300 

Ameripol Synpol Co., Div. of 216-762-4442 

Uniroyal Goodrich Tire Co 

Ametek, Inc., Haveg Div 302-995-0400 

Uniroyal Goodrich Tire Co 



1401 Sheridan Rd., N. Chicago, 

IL 60064-4000. 
13500 S. Perry Ave., Riverdale, 

IL 60627. 
49 Rutherford St., Newark. NJ 07105. 
540 Maryville Centre Dr., St. Louis, 

MO 63141. 
569 24 1/4 Rd., Grand Junction, 

CO. 81505. 
7201 Hamilton Blvd, Allentown, 

PA 18195-1501 
1400 Industry Rd., Powder Springs, 

GA 30073. 
4020 Ajinomoto Dr., Raleigh, NC 27610. 
P.O. Box 100, Axis, AL 36505. 
300 S. Riverside Plaza, Chicago. IL 60606. 
500 Jersey Ave, New Brunswick, NJ 08903. 
2153 Lockport-Olcott Rd., Burt, NY 14028. 
P.O. Box 600, Deer Park. TX 77536. 
P.O. Box 349. Baxley, GA 31513. 
4730 Crittenden Dr., Louisville. KY 40209. 
1313 Windsor Ave., Columbus. OH 43211. 
21625 Oak St., Matteson, IL 60443. 
100 Lakeridge Pkwy., Ashland, VA 23005. 
909 Mueller Dr., Chattanooga, TN 37406. 
1001 W. St. Paul Ave., Milwaukee, 

Wl 53233. 
17304 N. Preston Dr., Suite 800, TX 75252. 
Gillis Ave., Ridgway, PA 15853. 
Linden Ave., Ridgefield, NJ 07657. 

P.O. Box 1087, Morristown, NJ 07962. 
Columbia Rd. & Park Ave., Morristown, 

NY 07960. 
P.O. Box 238, Troy, NY 12180. 
3943 Buffalo Ave., Niagara Falls. NY14303. 
1685 S. Fairfax St., Denver, CO 80222. 
P.O. Box 670, Collierville, TN 38017. 
1 Hess Plaza, Woodbridge, 

NJ 07095-0961. 
710 W. National Ave., Milwaukee, Wl 53204. 
One Cyanamid Plaza, Wayne, NJ 07470. 
3947 Broadway, Kansas City, MO 64111 . 
P.O. Box 366, Oxford, MA 01540. 
4500 Campground Rd., Louisville, 

KY 40216. 
146 South High St. Akron, OH 

44308-1493. 
900 Greenbank Rd., Wilmington, DE 

19808. 



A-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1991 



Identi- 
fication 
code Name of company 



Telephone 
number 



Office address 



AMO Amoco Corp 312-856-6111 

AMV Amvac Chemical Corp 213-264-3910 

OH Anaquest 608-273-0019 

ADC Anderson Development Co 517-263-2121 

ANG Angus Chemical Co 708-498-6700 

ALI Anzon, Inc., Lead Div 215-531-6010 

APX Apex Chemical Co 908-354-5420 

APC Apollo Chemical Corp 919-226-1161 

APO Apollo Colors, Inc 708-564-9190 

AQU Aqualon Co 302-996-2000 

HKY Arcadian Corp 901-351-6500 

ARD Ardmore. Inc 201-481-2406 

ARN Arenol Chemical Corp 201-526-5900 

ART Aristech Chemical Corp 41 2-433-2747 

ARZ Arizona Chemical Co 904-785-6700 

ALS Armco, Steel Co 513-425-5000 

ARP Armour Pharmaceutical Co 815-932-6771 

ARO ARNCO 213-567-0587 

ARL Aral Chemical Products Co 201-344-1510 

ARS Arsynco, inc., Sub Div. of Aceto Corp 516-627-6000 

ASH Ashland Chemical Inc 614-889-3333 

Ashland Petroleum Co 606-329-3333 

BLA Astor Products, Inc., Blue Arrow Div 904-783-5352 

ATR Atlantic Richfield Co 215-359-2000 

Arco Chemical Co. 

ARI Atlas Refinery, Inc 201-589-2002 

AUX Auralux Corp 203-886-2616 

AUS AusimontN.V 201-292-6250 

AZT Aztec Catalyst Co 713-682-5300 

BAS BASF Corp. 

Chemicals Div 201-316-2937 

TEN BIT Manufacturing. Inc 61 5-496-3331 

SOH BP Chemicals, Inc 216-586-4141 

SIF Commerical Composites 606-282-2623 

SIC Commerical Composites 213-757-1801 



200 E. Randolph Dr., Chicago, IL 

60680-0703. 
4100 E. Washington Blvd., Los Angeles, 

CA 90023. 
2005 W. Bertline Hwy., Madison, Wl 53713. 
1415 E. Michigan St., Adrian, Ml 49221. 
2211 Sanders Rd., Northbrook, IL 60085. 
2545 Aramingo Ave., Philadelphia, 

PA 19125. 
200 S. First St., Elizabeth, NJ 07206. 
1105 Southeriand St., Graham, NC 27253. 
3000 W. Dundee Rd., Suite 415, Northbrook, 

IL 60062. 
2711 Centerville Rd., Wilmington, 

DE 19850-5417. 
6750 Poplar Ave., Suite 600, Memphis, 

TN 38138-7419. 
29 Riverside Ave., Newark, NJ 07104. 
189 Meister Ave., Somerville, NJ 08876. 
600 Grant St., Pittsburgh, PA 15230-0250. 
1001 E. Business Hwy. 98, Panama City, 

FL 32401. 
703 Curtis St., Middletown, OH 45044. 
P.O. Box 511, Kankakee, IL 60901. 
5141 Firestone Place, Southgate, 

CA 90280. 
649 Ferry St., Newark, NJ 07105. 
One Hollow Lane, Lake Success, 

NY 11042-1215. 
P.O. Box 2219, Columbus, OH 43216. 
P.O. Box 391. Ashland, KY 41114. 
5244 Edgewood Ct., Jacksonville, 

FL 32205. 
3801 West Chester Pike, Newtown Square, 

PA 19073. 
142 Lockwood St., Newark, NJ 07105. 
P.O. Box 113, Yantic. CT 06389. 
44 Whippany Rd., Morristown. NJ 07962. 
2190 N. Loop West, Suite 400 Houston, 

TX 77018. 

1255 Broad St., Clifton, NJ 07015. 
1 Ocoee St., Copperhill, TN 37317. 
200 Public Square 31-N-4105, Cleveland, 

OH 44114-2375. 
7310 Turfway Rd., Suite 300, Florence, 

KY 41042. 
12333 South Van Ness Ave., Hawthorne, 

CA 90250. 



A-3 



Appendix A 



Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1991 



Identi- 
fication 
code Name of company 



Telephone 
number 



Office address 



SIO BPOiICo 419-226-2300 

BTL BTL Speciality Resin Corp 419-244-5856 

BKC J. T. Baker Chemical Co 908-859-2151 

BFC Barker Fine Color, Inc 606-261-0200 

BIB Beckman Instruments, Inc 415-859-1510 

BCK Diagnostic Systems Group 619-438-9151 

BCM Belding Heminway Co 212-944-6040 

BLZ Belzak Corp 201-773-0602 

BLY Berkley & Co., Inc 712-336-1520 

BTS Bethlehem Steel Corp 215-694-4522 

BOC Biocraft Laboratories, Inc 201-703-0400 

NUT Bioproducts. Inc 502-962-0700 

BOE Boehme Filatex, Inc 919-342-6631 

BOT Boots Pharmaceuticals, Inc 708-405-7400 

BOR Borden, Inc.: 

Packaging & Industrial Products 614-225-4400 

Div. 

BCP Borden Chemical & Plastics 504-673-6121 

Delaware Limited Partnership 

BMC Brin-Mont Chemicals, Inc 919-292-0566 

BRS Bristol-Myers Squibb Co 212-546-4000 

BRU M. A. Bruder & Sons, Inc 215-353-5100 

BKM Buckman Laboratories, Inc 901-278-0330 

BCC Buffalo Color Corp 716-827-4500 

BRI Burlington Industries, Inc 919-379-2000 

BUR Burroughs Wellcome Co 919-248-3000 

CDR CD R Pigments & Dispersions 513-771-1900 

CFI CF Industries, Inc 708-438-9500 

CLU CL Industries, Inc 217-662-2136 

CCC C.N.C. International, Inc 401-769-6100 

PS CPSCorp 716-366-6010 

CPS CPS Chemical Co., Inc 908-727-3100 

CYR CYRO Industries 201-770-3000 

GRL Calgon Corp., Calgon Vestal 314-535-1390 

Laboratories Div. 

CMB Cambridge Industries Co 201-465-4565 

HCF Cape Industries 919-341-5500 

CBC Carbose Corp 814-443-1611 

CGL Cargill, Inc 612-475-7634 

CHC Carpenter Chemical Co 804-359-0800 



1150 South Metcalf St., Lima, OH 45804. 
2112 Sylvon Ave., Toledo, OH 43606. 
222 Red School Lane, Phillipsburg, 

NJ 08865. 
38 Elm St., Lodlov, KY 41016. 
1050 Page Mill Rd., Palo Alto, CA 94304. 
2470 Faraday Ave., Carlsbad, CA 92008. 

NJ 07424. 
P.O. Box 130, Hendersonville, NC 28793. 
850 Bloomfield Ave., Clifton, NJ 07012. 
One Berkley Dr., Spirit Lake, IA 51360. 
1170 8th Avenue, Bethlehem, PA 18016. 
12 Industrial Park, Waldwick, NJ 07463. 
4820 Jennings Lane, Louisville, KY 40218. 
Rt. 11 Box 5, Reidsville, NC 27320. 
300 Tristate Int'l Ctr., Suite 200, 

Lincolnshire, IL 60069-4422 

180 E. Broad St., Columbus. OH 43215. 
Box 427, Geismar, LA 70734. 

3921 Spring Garden St., Greensboro, 

NC 27407. 
345 Park Ave., New York, NY 10154. 
52nd & Grays Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19143. 
1256 N. McLean Blvd., Memphis, TN 38108. 
P.O. Box 7027., Buffalo, NY 14240. 
3330 W. Friendly Ave., Greensboro, 

NC 27406. 
3030 Comwallis Rd., Research Triangle 

Park, NC 27709. 
410 Glendale Milford Rd., Cincinnati, 

OH 45215. 
One Salem Lake Dr., Long Grove, IL 60047. 
P.O. Box 218, Georgetown, IL 61846. 
20 Priviledge St., Woonsocket, Rl 02895. 
3257 Middle Rd., Dunkirk, NY 14048. 
Old Water Works, Rd., OJd Bridge, 

NJ 08857. \ 

100 Valley Rd., MT Arlington, NJ 07856. 
5035 Manchester Ave., St. Louis, 

MO 63110. 
7-33 Amsterdam St., Newark, NJ 07103. 
P.O. Box 327, Wilmington, NC 28402. 
100 Maple St., Somerset, PA 15501. 
P.O. Box 5630, Minneapolis, MN 55428. 
5016 Monument Ave., Richmond, 

VA 23230. 



A-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1991 



Identi- 
fication 
code Name of company 



Telephone 
number 



Office address 



BSC Cascade Resins, Inc 503-343-2111 

CAS Caschem, Inc 201-858-7900 

CCL Catawba-Charlab, Inc 704-523-4242 

CED Cedar Chemical Corp 501-572-3701 

CNT Certainteed Corp 215-341-7000 

CPR Certified Processing Corp 201-923-5200 

CHT Chattem, Inc 615-821-4571 

CHD Chemdesign Corp 508-345-9999 

CFX Chemfax, Inc 601-863-6511 

CXI Chemical Exchange Industries, Inc 713-526-8291 

CMT Chemithon Corp 206-937-9954 

CHL ChemoICo 919-333-3050 

SOC Chevron Corp., Chevron Chemical 415-842-5500 

CGY Ciba-Geigy Corp 914-478-3131 

CGO Citgo Petroleum Corp 918-495-4000 

GSR Citgo Refining & Chemicals, Inc 512-882-8871 

CGU Citizens Gas & Coke Utility 317-264-8802 

CLK ClarkOil & Refining Corp 314-854-9696 

ACT Climax Performance Materials Corp 708-458-8450 

WYC Coastal Chem, Inc 307-637-2700 

CSP Coastal Refining & Marketing Inc 713-877-1400 

CP Colgate-Palmolive Co 212-310-2000 

CIC Color Chem International Corp 404-396-1230 

CAC Cominco Fertilizers, Inc 509-747-61 1 1 

CNI Conap.lnc 716-372-9650 

CON Concord Chemical Co., Inc 609-966-1526 

CO Conoco, Inc 713-293-1000 

CKC Cook Composites and Polymers Co. 816-391-6000 

CPV Cook Paint& Varnish Co 816-391-6000 

HEU Cookson Pigments, Inc 201-242-1800 

COP Coopers Creek Chemical Corp 215-828-0375 

CPY Copolymer Rubber & Chemical Corp 504-355-5655 

CMS Cosmic Plastics, Inc 818-365-3249 

CRD Croda, Inc 201-644-4900 

CK Crompton & Knowles Corp 215-775-8000 

CCP Crown Central Petroleum Corp 410-539-7400 

USM Crown Metro, Inc 803-299-1331 



P.O. Box 1989, Eugene, OR 97401. 
40 Avenue A, Bayonne, NJ 07002. 
5046 Old Pineville Rd., Charlotte, 

NC 28217. 
Highway 242 South, West Helena, 

AR 72390. 
P.O. Box 860, Valley Forge, PA 19482. 
U.S. Highway #22, Hillside, NJ 07205. 
1715 W. 38th St., Chattanooga, TN 37409. 
99 Development Rd., Fitchburg, MA 01420. 
10045 Three River Rd., Gulfport, MS 39502. 
3813 Buffalo Speedway, Houston, 

TX 77098. 
5430 W. Marginal Way, SW., Seattle, 

WA 98106. 
2410 Randolph Ave., Greensboro, 

NC 27406. 
6001 Bollinger Canyon Rd., San 

Ramon, CA 94583. ' 

444 Saw Mill River Rd., Ardsley, NY 10502. 
P.O. Box 1562, Lake Charles, LA 70602. 
1801 Nuceces Bay Blvd., Corpus Christi, 

TX 78469. 
3133 Southeastern Ave.; Indianapolis, 

IN 46203. 
8182 Maryland Avenue, St. Louis, 

MO 63105. 
7666 W. 63rd St., Summit, IL 60501. 
P.O. Box 1287, Cheyenne, WY 82003. 
Nine Greenway Plaza, Houston, TX 77046. 
300 Park Ave., New York, NY 10022. 
5145 Meadow Creek Dr., Atlanta, 

GA 30338. 
W. 601 Riverside Ave., Spokane, 

WA 99201. 
1405 Buffalo St., Olean, NY 14760. 
17th & Federal Sts., Camden, NJ 08105. 
P.O Box 2197, Houston, TX 77252. 
919 East 14th Ave., N. Kansas City, 

MO, 64141-6389. 
P.O. Box 419389, Kansas City, MO 64141. 
256 Vanderpool St.. Newark, NJ 07114. 
River Rd., West Conshohocken, PA 19428. 
P.O. Box 2591, Baton Rouge, LA 70821. 
27939 Beale Court, Valencia, CA 91355. 
7 Century Dr., Parsippany, NJ 07054. 
P.O. Box 341, Reading, PA 19603. 
1 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21203. 
Echelon Road, Donaldson Centre, 

Greenville, SC 29606. 



A-5 



Appendix A 

Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1991 



Identi- 
fication 
code Name of company 



Telephone 
number 



Office address 



CTR Customs Resins Div. of Bemis 502-826-7641 

Co., Inc. 

AMD Cyclo Products. Inc 213-582-6411 

FTE Cyprus Foote Mineral Co 215-889-9605 

CNP DSM Chemicals North America, Inc 404-849-6000 

POP Daicolor Pope, Inc 201-777-0200 

DPI Dart Polymers, Inc., Sub. of Dart 71 7-656-2236 

Container Corp. 

DGO Day-Glo Color Corp 216-391-7070 

DPW Deepwater, Inc 714-751-3522 

DGC DegussaCorp 201-641-6100 

DRR Delta Resins & Refractories, Inc 414-462-1200 

DNS Dennis Chemical Co 314-771-1800 

Dexter Corp: 

HYA Aerospace Material Div 41 5-687-4201 

DXA Automotive Div 603-474-5541 

HYC Dexter Electronic Material Div 203-627-9051 

DEX Dexter Chemical Corp 21 2-542-7700 

MID Dexter Speciality Coatings 708-623-4200 

AGP Dial Corp 602-248-2800 

DA Diamond Shamrock Refining & 512-641-6800 

Marketing. 

DAZ Diaz Chemical Corp 716-638-6321 

DVR Diversified Technology, Inc 904-673-4136 

DIX Dixie Chemical Co., Inc 713-863-1947 

DRC Dock Resins Corp 908-862-2351 

DOM Dominion Products, Inc 718-499-3050 

DVC Dover Chemical Corp. Sub. of ICC 216-343-7711 

Industries, Inc. 

DOW Dow Chemical Co 517-636-6125 

DCC Dow Coming Corp 517-496-4000 

DRX Drexel Chemical Corp 901-774-4370 

ABP Drummond Co., Inc 205-945-6301 

WBG DrydenOiICo 508-791-3201 

CHO Ducoa 618-654-2070 

DUP E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc 302-774-1000 

DSC Dye Specialties, Inc 201-866-9504 

DYG Dynagen, Inc., Sub. of General Tire 915-335-7511 

AGI EMS- American Grilon, Inc 803-481-9173 

EPC EPC Partners, Ltd 713-880-6500 

EPI Eagle Pitcher Industries Inc., Orthane 817-387-0585 

Div. 



P.O. Box 933, Henderson. KY 42420. 

1922 E. 64th St., Los Angeles. CA 90001 . 
301 Lindenwood Dr., Suite 301, Malvern, 

PA 19355. 
1 Columbia Nitrogen Rd., Augusta, 

GA 30903. 
33 Sixth Ave., Paterson, NJ 07524. 
60 E. Main St., Leola, PA 17540. 

4515 St. Clair Ave., Cleveland, OH 44103. 
P.O. Box 17599, Irvine, CA 92713. 
65 Challenger Rd., Ridgefield Park, 

NJ 07660. 
6263 N. Teutonia Ave., Milwaukee, 

Wl 53209. 
2700 Papin St., St. Louis, MO 63103. 

2850 Willow Pass Road, Pittsburgh, 

CA 94565. 
One Dexter Dr., Seabrook, NH 03874. 
211 Franklin St.. Olean. NY 14760. 
845 Edgewater Rd., Bronx, NY 10474. 
E. Water St., Waukegan, IL 60085. 
2000 Aucutt Rd., Montgomery, AL 60538. 
P.O. Box 696000, San Antonio, 

TX 78269-6000. 
40 Jackson St., Holley, NY 14470. 
1625 State Ave., Holly Hill. FL 32117. 
300 Jackson Hill, Houston, TX 77007. 
1512 W. Elizabeth Ave., Linden, NJ 07036. 
882 - 3rd Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11232. 
W. 15th & Davis Sts., Dover, OH 44622. 

2020 Willard H. Dow Center, Midland. 

Ml 48674. 
P.O. Box 994, Midland, Ml 48686-0994. 
2487 Pennsylvania St., Memphis, TN 38109. 
P.O. Box 10246, Birmingham, AL 35202. 
694 Millbury St.. Worchester, MA 01607. 
115 Executive Dr., Suite 104, Highland, 

IL 62249. 
1007 Market St., Wilmington, DE 19898. 
100 Plaza Center, Secaucus, NJ 07096. 
2000 East Poole Rd., Odeessa, TX 79766. 
Industrial Park & Corporate Hwy., Sumter, 

SC 29151. 
P.O. Box 4324, Houston, TX 77210. 
P.O. Box 1389, Denton, TX 76202. 



A-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1991 



Identi- 
fication 
code Name of company 



Telephone 
number 



Office address 



ECC Eastern Color & Chemical Co 401 -331-9000 

EK Eastman Kodak Co 716-724-4000 

EKT Tennessee Eastman Co. Div 615-229-2000 

EKX Texas Eastman Co. Div 903-237-5122 

ESA East Shore Chemical Co 616-726-3106 

ELN Elan Chemical Co 201-344-8014 

ELC Elco Corp. Sub. of Detrex Chemical 216-749-2605 

Industries, Inc. 

PAS Elf Atochem North America 21 5-587-7000 

RSN Polymer Div 215-587-7000 

WTL Organic Peroxides Div 71 6-877-1 740 

USM Emhart Corp., Bostik Div 508-777-0100 

EKO Empire Coke Co 205-323-2400 

ENO Enenco, Inc 901-684-7000 

HSH Engelhard Corp 201-632-6000 

SAR Esschem, Inc 215-521-3800 

ESS Essential Industries, Inc 414-538-1122 

EHC EthichemCorp 201-933-7880 

ETC Ethox Chemicals, Inc 803-277-1 620 

TNA Ethyl Corp 804-788-5537 

EVL Eval Company of America 708-719-4610 

ENJ Exxon Chemical Americas 713-870-6000 

FMC Corp: 

FMN Agricultural Chemical Group 215-299-6000 

FMB Chemical Products Group 21 5-299-6000 

FMC Nitro Div 215-299-6000 

FAB Fabricolor Manufacturing Corp 201-742-3900 

FMT Fairmount Chemical Co.. Inc 201-344-5790 

FRI Farmland Industries, Inc 816-459-6000 

816-238-8111 

FER FerroCorp.: 

Bedford Chemical Div 216-641-8580 

Grant Chemical Div 504-654-6801 

Keil Chemical Div 219-931-2630 

FBI Fiber Industries, Inc 704-357-2000 

CSD Fina Oil & Chemical Co 214-750-2400 

FTX Finetex, Inc 201-797-4686 

Firestone Tire & Rubber Co.: 

FRF Firestone Fibers & Textile Co 216-379-7000 

FRS Firestone Synthetic Rubber & 216-379-7495 

Latex Co. Div. 



35 Livingston St., Providence, Rl 02904. 
343 State St., Rochester, NY 14650. 
P.O. Box 511, Kingsport, TN 37662. 
P.O. Box 7444, Longview, TX 75607. 
1221 E. Barney Ave., Muskegon, Ml 49443. 
268 Doremus Ave., Newark, NJ 07105. 

1000 Beltline Rd., Cleveland OH 44109. 

Three Parkway. Philadelphia, PA 19102. 
1112 Uncoln Rd.. Birdsboro, PA 19508. 
1740 Military Rd., Buffalo, NY 14240. 
Boston St., Middleton, MA 01949. 
1927 1st Ave., N., Suite 900, Birmingham, 

AL 35203. 
755 Crossover Lane, Suite 216, Memphis, 

TN 38117. 
3400 Band Street, Louisville, KY 40212. 
Governor Prirrtz Blvd., Essington, PA 19029. 
28391 Essential Rd., Merton, Wl 53056. 
150 Grand St., Carlstadt, NJ 07072. 
P.O. Box 5094, Station B, Greenville, 

SC 29606. 
330 S. 4th St., Richmond, VA 23217. 

1001 Warrenville Rd., Suite 201, Lisle, 
IL 60532. 

P.O. Box 3272, Houston, TX 77253-3272. 

1735 Market St., Philadelphia, PA 19103. 
1735 Market St., Philadelphia, PA 19103. 
1735 Market St.. Philadelphia, PA 19103. 
24-1/2 Van Houten St., Paterson, NJ 07509. 
117 Blanchard St., Newark, NJ 07105. 
P.O. Box 308, Lawrence, KS 66044. 
1417 Lower Lake Rd., St. Joseph, 
MO 64502. 

7050 Krick Rd., Walton Hills, OH 44146. 
P.O. Box 263, Baton Rouge, LA 70821. 
3000 Sheffield Ave.. Hammond. IN 46320. 
5146 Parkway Plaza Blvd., Charlotte, 

NC 28217. 
8350 N. Central Expressway, Dallas, 

TX 75206. 
P.O. Box 216, Elmwood Park, 

NJ 07407. 

P.O. Box 450, Hopewell, VA 23860. 
P.O. Box 26611 , Akron, OH 44319-0006. 



A-7 



Appendix A 



Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1991 



Identi- 
fication 
code Name of company 



Telephone 
number 



Office address 



CI Firmenich, Inc 609-452-1000 

FST First Chemical Corp 601-762-0870 

FPC Flambeau Paper Corp 715-762-5235 

FLM Fleming Laboratories, Inc 704-372-5613 

FOR Formosa Plastics Corp-USA 201-992-2090 

BDS Fragrance Resources, Inc 908-264-6767 

FLN Franklin International, Inc 614-443-0241 

WLC Freeport-McMoran Resource 504-582-4000 

Partners. 

COO H.B. Fuller Co 508-694-5421 

FLH H.B. Fuller Co 612-645-3401 

EEP Furon Co 714-831-5350 

GFS GFS Chemicals, Inc 614-881-5501 

GLX Galaxie Chemical Corp 201-279-0558 

GAN Ganes Chemicals, Inc 201-507-4336 

GAY Gaylord Chemical Corp 504-649-5464 

GNT Gencorp Polymers Products 216-869-4200 

Latex Unit. 

GNR Genencor. International Inc 716-256-5200 

General Electric Co.: 

GE Electromaterials Div 614-622-5310 

SPD Silicone Products Div 518-233-3377 

GEP Speciality Chemicals Group 413-448-6681 

GLC General Latex and Chemical Corp 617-576-8000 

GRG P.D. George Co 314-621-5700 

GGC Georgia Gulf Corp: 

Houston Div 713-920-4306 

Plaquemine Div 404-395-4500 

PVC Compound Div 404-395-4500 

GP Georgia-Pacific Corp.: 

Bellingham Div 206-733-4410 

Resins, Inc 404-521-4000 

TNI Gillette Chemical Co 617-421-7000 

GIV GivaudanCorp 201-365-8000 

GLD Glidden Company 216-344-8000 

BFG B. F. Goodrich Co 216-447-7802 

GYR Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co 216-796-2121 

W. R. Grace & Co.: 

EVN Organic Chemicals Div., Evans 617-861-6600 

Chemetics. 

GRD Organic Chemicals Div., Chemicals & .. 617-861-6600 
Polymers Div. 

HMP Organic Chemicals Div. 617-861-6600 

Hampshire Chemicals Div. 

GON Organic Chemicals Div. 617-861-6600 

Nitroparafins. 



P.O. Box 5880, Princeton, NJ 08543. 
P.O. Box 1427, Pascagoula, MS 39581. 
200 N. First Ave., Park Falls, Wl 54552. 
2215 Thrift Rd., Charlotte, NC 28234. 
P.O. Box 271, Baton Rouge, LA 70821. 
275 Clark St., Keyport, NJ 07735. 
2020 BruckSt., Columbus, OH 43207. 
1615 Poydras St., New Orleans, LA 70112. 

820 Woburn St., Wilmington, MA 01887. 
4450 Malsbary Rd., Blue Ash, OH 45242. 
Main & Orchard Sts., Mantua, OH 44255. 
P.O. Box 245, Columbus, OH 43065. 
26 Piercy St., Paterson, NJ 07524. 
630 Broad St., Carlstadt, NJ 07072 
P.O. Box 1209, Slidell, LA 70459-1209 
165 S. Cleveland Ave., Mogadore, 

OH 44260. 
4 Cambridge Place, Rochester, NY 14618. 

1350 S. Second St., Coshocton, OH 43812. 
260 Hudson River Rd., Waterford, 

NY 12188. 
One Plastic Ave., Pittsfield, MA 01201. 
P.O. Box 498, Ashland, OH 44805. 
5200 N. Second St., St. Louis, MO 63147. 

3503 Pasadena Freeway, Pasadena, 

TX 77503. 
400 Perimeter Center Terrace, Suite 595, 

Atlanta, GA 30348. 
P.O. Box 629. Plaquemine, LA 70765-0624. 

P.O. Box 1236, Bellingham, WA 98227. 
133 Peachtree St. NE., Atlanta, GA 30303. 
3500 W. 16th St., N. Chicago, IL 60064. 
100 Delawanna Ave., Clifton, NJ 07014. 
925 Euclid Ave., Cleveland OH 44115. 
6100 Oak Tree Blvd.. Cleveland, OH 44131 . 
1144 E. Market St.. Akron, OH 44316. 

55 Hayden Ave., Lexington, MA 02173. 

55 Hayden Ave., Lexington, MA 02173. 

55 Hayden Ave., Lexington, MA 02173. 

55 Hayden Ave., Lexington, MA 02173. 



A-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1991 



Identi- 
fication 
code Name of company 



Telephone 
number 



Office address 



GPC Grain Processing Corp 319-264-4211 

CPC Grant Industries, Inc 201-791-6700 

GTL Great Lakes Chemical Corp 317-497-6100 

GDC Gresco, Mfg. Inc 919-475-8101 

GPI Grinstead Products, Inc 913-764-8100 

GGI GrowGroup, Inc 410-939-1234 

Cello Corp Div. 

GRV Guardsman Products, Inc 616-452-5181 

GSS Gulf States Steel, Inc 205-543-6201 

GTH GuthCorp 414-644-6461 

HAR Haarmann & Reimer Corp 201-467-5600 

Food Ingredients Div. 219-262-6916 

HAL C. P. Hall Co 708-594-5952 

HOC Halocarbon Products Corp 201-262-8899 

FOC Handschy Industries, Inc 708-597-7990 

Ink and Chemical Div. 

TMH Harcros Chemicals, Inc 913-321-3131 

HRT Hart Products Corp 201-433-6632 

HCC Hatco Chemical Co 908-738-3000 

HAP Helmerich & Payne, Inc., Natural 713-424-5568 

Gas Odorizing Div. 

SCP HenkelCorp 215-270-8100 

HPC Hercules, Inc 302-594-5000 

HER Heresite Protective Coating, Inc 414-684-6646 

HTN Heterene Chemical Corp 201-278-2000 

HEC Hew, Inc 601-863-6600 

HEW Hewitt Soap Co., Inc 513-253-1151 

HXL Hexcel Corp: 

Chemical Products Div 51 0-828-4200 

Resin Products Div 818-882-3022 

DAN Hickson Danchem Corp 804-797-8105 

HIP High Point Chemical Corp 919-884-2214 

HIL Hilton Davis Chemical Co 513-841-4000 

HIM Himont, USA, Inc 302-996-6000 

HDG Hodag Chemical Corp 708-675-3950 

HCL Hoechst Celanese Corp: 

Advanced Materials Group 201-635-2600 

Bayport Works, SP & W Div 713-474-6737 

Chemical Group Div 214-689-4000 



1600 Oregon Street, Muscatine, 

IA 52761-0349. 
P.O. Box 360, Elmwood Park, NJ 07407. 
U.S. Hwy. 52 NW, Lafayette, IN 47906. 
216 E. Holly Hill Rd., Thomasville, 

NC 27360. 
200 Industrial Parkway Industrial Airport, 

KS 66031. 
1354 Old Post Rd., Havre De Grace, 

MD 21078. 
1350 Steele Ave. SW., Grand Rapids, 

Ml 49507. 
174 South 26th St., Gadsden 

AL 35904-1935. 
P.O. Box 347, Slinger, Wl 53086. 
70 Diamond Rd., Springfield, NJ 07081. 
1127 Myrtle St., Elkhart, IN 46515. 
7300 S. Central Ave., Chicago, IL 60638. 
887 Kinderkamack Rd., River Edge, 

NJ 07661. 
13601 S. Ashland Ave., Riverdale, 

IL 60627-1099. 
5200 Speaker Rd., Kansas City, KS 66110. 
173 Sussex St., Jersey City, NJ 07302. 
King George Post Rd., Fords, NJ 08863. 
3601 Decker Dr., Baytown. TX 77522-1429. 

2200 Renaissance Blvd., Gulpn Mills, 

PA 19406. 
Hercules Plaza, Wilmington, DE 19894. 
822 S. 14th St.. Manitowoc, 

Wl 54221-0250. 
790 - 21st Ave., Paterson, NJ 07513. 
14405 Seaway Rd., Gulfport, MS 39502. 
333 Linden Ave., Dayton, OH 45403. 

215 N. Centennial St., Zeeland, Ml 49464. 
20701 Nordhoff Street. Chatsworth, 

CA 91311. 
P.O. Box 400, Danville, VA 24543. 
243 Woodbine St., High Point, NC 27261. 
2335 Langdon Farm Rd., Cincinnati, 

OH 45237. 
P.O. Box 15439, Wilmington, DE 19894. 
7247 N. Central Park Ave., Skokie, 

IL 60076. 

26 Main St., Chatham. NJ 07928. 
P.O. Box 58160. Houston. TX 77258. 
1250 W. Mockingbird Lane, Dallas, 
TX 75247. 



A-9 



Appendix A 



table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1991 



Identi- 
fication 
code Name of company 



Telephone 
number 



Office address 



Hoechst Celanese Corp— Continued 

Fibers Industrial Div 201-231-2000 

Sou-Tex 201-231-2000 

SpecialityChem Group Coventry 201-231-2000 

Plant. 

HOF Hoffmann-LaRoche, Inc 201-235-5000 

HCP Honig Chemical & Processing Corp 201-344-0881 

EFH E. F. Houghton & Co 215-666-4100 

NOD Huls America, Inc 201-981-5000 

HML Hummel Croton, Inc 908-754-1800 

HMY Humphrey Chemical Co 201-804-3220 

HNT Huntington Laboratories, Inc 219-356-8100 

HMN Huntsman Chemical Corp 801-532-5200 

ICI ICI Americas, Inc: 

Agricultural Products Div 302-886-8000 

Films Group Div 302-886-3000 

ICI Acrylic, Inc 314-966-3111 

Polyurethanes Group 609-423-8300 

Resin Div 508-658-6600 

Speciality Product Div 302-886-3000 

ISP INDSPEC Chemical Corp 412-765-1200 

SDS ISK Biotech Corp 216-357-4100 

GAF ISP Chemicals, Inc 201-628-3000 

VND ISP-Can Dyk, Inc 201-450-3206 

RAY ITT Rayonier Liguin Products, Inc 203-348-7000 

IND Indol Color Co., Inc 201-242-1300 

IDC Industrial Color, Inc 815-722-7402 

INL Inland Steel Co 312-346-0300 

WM Inolex Chemical Co 215-271-0800 

SPC Insilco Corp., Sinclair Paint Co. Div 213-888-8888 

IMI Insulating Materials, Inc 518-395-3300 

GBF International Bio-Synthetics, Inc 704-527-9000 

IFF International Flavor & Fragrances Inc 908-264-4500 

IPC Interplastic Corp 612-481-6860 

JTM JTM Products, Inc 216-831-0404 

CRZ James River II, Inc 804-644-5411 



P.O. Box 5887, Spartanburg, 

SC 29304-5887. 
P.O. Box 2500, Mt. Holly, NC 28120. 
500 Washington St., Coventry, Rl 02816. 

340 Kingsland St., Nutley, NJ 07110. 
414 Wilson Ave., Newark, NJ 07105. 
Madison & Van Buren Avenues, Forge, 

PA 19482. 
80 Contennial Ave., Piscataway, 

NJ 08855-0456. 
10 Harmich Rd., S. Plainfield, 

NJ 07080-4899. 
45 Divine St., N. Haven, CT 06473-0325. 
970 E. Tipton St., Huntington, IN 46750. 
2000 Eagle Gate Tower, Salt City, 

UT 84111. 

Delaware Corp. Center, Wilmington, 

DE 19897. 
Concord Pike & Murphy Rd., Wilmington, 

DE 19897. 
10091 Manchester Rd., St. Louis, 

MO 63122. 
286 Mantua Grove Rd., W. Deptford, 

NJ 08066-1732. 
730 Main St., Wilmington, MA 01887. 
Concord Pike & Murphy Rd., Wilmington, 

DE 19897. 
411 Seventh Ave., Pittsburgh, PA 15219. 
5966 Heisley Rd., Mentor, OH 44060. 
1361 Apis Rd.. Wayne, NJ 07470. 
Main & Willian Sts., Belleville, NJ 07109. 
18000 International Blvd., Suite 900, Seatac, 

WA 98188. 
1029 Newark Ave., Elizabeth, NJ 07201. 
50 Industry Ave., Joliet, IL 60435. 
3210 Watling, St., E. Chicago, IL 46312. 
Jackson & Swanson Sts., Philadelphia, 

PA 19148. 
6100 South Garfield Ave., Los Angeles, 

CA 90040. 
1 Campbell Rd., Schenectady, NY 12306. 
8720 Red Oak Blvd., Charlotte, 

NC 28224-1068. 
1515 Highway #36, Union Beach, 

NJ 07735. 
1225 Walters Blvd., Vadnois Heights, 

MN 55110. 
9505 Cassius Ave., Cleveland, OH 44105. 
4th & Adams Sts.. Camas, WA 98607. 



A- 10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1991 



Identi- 
fication 
code Name of company 



Telephone 
number 



Office address 



JRC Jarchem Industries, Inc 201-344-0600 

JVL JavelinaCo 713-877-7510 

JFR George A. Jeffreys & Co., Inc 703-389-8220 

JRG Andrew Jergens Co 513-421-1400 

JTO Jetco Chemicals, Inc 214-872-3011 

MRX Johnson Matthey, Inc 609-384-7001 

JNS S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc 414-631-3388 

JOB Jones-Blair Co 214-353-1600 

KLM Kalama Chemical, Inc 206-682-7890 

KTP Kama Corp 717-455-2022 

KAN Kanasco, Ltd 301-789-7800 

KTX Kaneka Corp 713-840-1751 

SVC Karlshamns USA 614-299-3131 

KMP Kelly-Moore Paint Co., Inc 415-592-8337 

KMI Kemin Industries, Inc 515-266-2111 

KPI Kenrich Petrochemicals. Inc 201-823-9000 

KYS Keysor Century Corp 805-259-2360 

KCW Keystone Color Works, Inc 71 7-854-9541 

CHF Kincaid Enterprises. Inc 304-755-3377 

KHI Koch Refining Co 316-832-5500 

KPT Koppers Industries, Inc 412-227-2001 

LCP LCP Chemicals: 

Maine Div. of Hanlin Group. Inc 201-225-4840 

West Virginia, Div. of Hanlin 304-843-1310 

Group, Inc. 

LTV LTV Steel Co.. Inc 216-622-5000 

LKY Lake States Div. of Rhinelander 715-369-4217 

Paper Co. 

LRO LaRoche Chemical, Inc 504-356-8421 

ARM LaRoche Industries Inc 404-851-0475 

Lll Lawter International, Inc 708-498-4700 

LEA Leatex Chemical Co 215-739-6324 

LCS Lechem, Inc 504-767-0452 

LLI Lee Laboratories. Inc 804-862-2534 

LVR C. Lever Co.. Inc 215-639-8640 

LEV Lever Brothers Co 212-688-6000 

MAR Lignotech (U.S.). Inc 203-625-0701 

LIL Eli Lilly& Co 317-276-6448 



414 Wilson Ave., Newark, NJ 07105. 
Nine Greenway Plaza, Houston, TX 77046. 
528 Chapman St., Salem, VA 24153. 
2535 Spring Grove Ave., Cincinnati, 

OH 45214. 
P.O. Box 1898, Corsicana, TX 75110. 
2002 Nolte Dr., W. Deptford, NJ 08066. 
1525 Howe St., Racine, Wl 53403. 
2728 Empire Central, Dallas, TX 75235 
Bank of California Center, Suite 1110, 

Seattle, WA 98164. 
666 Dietrich Ave., Hazelton, PA 18201. 
6118 Robinwood Rd., Baltimore, 

MD 21225. 
175 S. Briar Hollow Lane, Suite 307, 

Houston, TX 77027. 
525 W. First St., Janesville, Wl 53547. 
987 Commercial St., San Carlos, CA 94070. 
2100 Maury St., Des Moines, I A 50301 . 
140 E. 22nd St., Bayonne, NJ 07002-0032. 
P.O. Box 924, Santa Clarita, CA 91380. 
151 W. Gay Ave., York, PA 17403. 
P.O. Box 549, Nitro, WV 25143. 
P.O. Box 2256, Wichita, KS 67201. 
436 Seventh Ave., Pittsburgh, 

PA 15219-1800. 

P.O. Box 149, Orrington, ME 04474. 
P.O. Box 484, Linden, NJ 07036. 

LTV Steel Bldg., 25 W. Prospect Ave., 

Cleveland, OH 44115. 
515 W. Davenport St., Rhinelander, 

Wl 54501. 
1200 Airline Hwy., Baton Rouge, 

LA 70821. 
1100 Johnson Ferry Rd., Alanta GA 30342. 
990 Skokie Blvd.. Northbrook, IL 60062. 
2722 N. Hancock St., Philadelphia, 

PA 19133. 
P.O. Box 82727, Baton Rouge, 

LA 70884-2727. 
2820 N. Normandy Dr., Petersburg, 

VA 23805. 
736 Dunks Ferry Rd., Bensalem, PA 19020. 
390 Park Ave., New York, NY 10022. 
81 Holly Hill Lane. Greenwich, CT 06830. 
Lilly Corporate Center, Indianapolis, 

IN 46285. 



A-ll 



Appendix A 



Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1991 



Identi- 
fication 
code Name of company 



Telephone 
number 



Office address 



LIC Lilly Industries, Inc 317-634-8512 

LMC Lomac, Inc 616-788-2341 

BRD Lonza, Inc 201-794-2671 

LC Lord Corp., Chemical Products 814-868-3611 

Group. 

LYP Lyondell Petrochemical Co 713-652-7200 

MGK McLaughlin Gormley King Co 61 2-544-0341 

MNP McWhorter, Inc 312-428-2657 

RIK 3M Pharmaceuticals 818-341-1300 

MAK MAK Chemical Corp 317-288-4464 

MCK MacKenzie Chemical Works, Inc 504-886-2173 

TZC Magnesium Elektron, Inc 908-782-5800 

MGR Magruder Color Co., Inc 201-242-1300 

MAL Mallinckrodt, Inc 314-530-2000 

MOC Marathon Oil Co 419-422-2121 

MRV Marlowe-Van Loan Corp 919-886-7126 

MCA Masonite Corp., Alpine Resin Div 601-649-6000 

MAX Max Marx Color Corp 201-373-7801 

GNF Maxwell House Coffee Co 201-420-3432 

MYO Mayo Chemical Co., Inc 404-696-6711 

MLC Melamine Chemicals, Inc 504-473-3121 

MRK Merck & Co., Inc 201-574-4000 

MER Meridiem Co 713-455-1311 

DKA Miles Inc 412-777-2000 

CHG Agricultural Chemicals Div 816-242-2345 

VPC Dyes & Pigments Div 412-777-2000 

MIL Milliken & Co., Milliken Chemical Div 803-472-9041 

MMM Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing 612-733-1110 

Co. 

MSC Mississippi Chemical Corp 601-746-4131 

SM Mobil Oil Corp.: 

Beaumont Refinery Div 703-846-3000 

Chemical Products Div 201-321-6000 

Gas Liquids Dept 703-849-3000 

Petrochemicals Div 713-590-7700 

Polystyrene Business Group 201-321-6000 

MOA Mona Industries, Inc 201-345-8220 

MON Monsanto Co 314-694-1000 

MNA Monsanto Agricultural Group 314-694-1000 

MCI Mooney Chemicals, Inc 216-781-8383 



733 S. West St., Indianapolis. IN 46225. 
5025 Evanston Ave., Muskegon, Ml 49443. 
17-17 Route 208, Fair Lawn, NJ 07410. 
2000 W. Grandview Blvd., Erie, 

PA 16514-0038. 
1221 McKinney, Suite 1600, Houston, 

TX 77253-3646. 
8810 - 10th Ave. N., Minneapolis, 

MN 55427-4372. 
400 E. Cottage Place, Carpentersville, 

IL 60110. 
19901 Nordhoff St., Northridge, 

CA, 91324. 
1200 Rochester Ave., Muncie, 

IN 47302. 
78015 Chemical Rd., Bush. LA 70431. 
500 Point Breeze Road, Flemington, 

NJ 08822. 
1029 Newark Ave., Elizabeth, NJ 07208. 
3600 N. Second St., St. Louis, MO 63147. 
539 S. Main St.. Findlay, OH 45840. 
1224 Ward St.. High Point. NC 27260. 
P.O. Box 1048, Laurel, MS 39441. 
1200 Grove St., Irvington, NJ 07111. 
1125 Hudson St., Hoboken. NJ 07030. 
5544 Oakdale Rd. S.E., Smyrna, GA 30082. 
9041 Highway 81 , Donaldsonville. 

LA 70346. 
P.O. Box 2000, Rahway, NJ 07065. 
1914 Haden Rd., Houston, TX 77015. 
Mobay Rd., Pittsburgh, PA 15205-9741. 
Hawthorn Rd., Kansas City, MO 64120. 
Mobay Rd., Pittsburgh, PA 15205-9741. 
P.O. Box 817, Inman, SC 29349. 
3M Center 224-6S-04, St. Paul, MN 55144. 

P.O. Box 388, Yazoo City, MS 39194. 

3225 Gallows Rd., Fairfax, VA 22037. 
P.O. Box 250, Edison. NJ 08818. 
P.O. Box 900, Dallas, TX 75221. 
World Towers One, 15600 Kennedy Blvd., 

Houston, TX 77032. 
P.O. Box 3029, Edison, NJ 08818. 
76 E. 24th St., Paterson, NJ 07544. 
800 N. Lindbergh Blvd., St. Louis. 

MO 63167. 
800 N. Lindbergh Blvd., St. Louis, 

MO 63167. 
2301 Scranton Rd., Cleveland. OH 44113. 



A- 12 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1991 



Identi- 
fication 
code Name of company 



Telephone 
number 



Office address 



MCP Moretex Chemical Products, Inc 803-583-8441 

MRF Morflex. Inc 919-292-1781 

MHI Morton International, Inc 508-774-3100 

MRT Morton Chemical Div. 312-807-2000 

PYI Morton Chemical Div 312-807-2000 

CCW Industrial Chemical & Additives 513-733-2100 

MOT Motomco, Ltd 608-244-2904 

RTC Mount Vernon Mills. Inc 803-233-41 51 

PNX The Murphy-Phoenix Co 216-349-7179 

NMC NAMICO, Inc 215-482-6600 

LEM Napp Chemicals, Inc 201-773-3900 

NTC National Casein Co 312-846-7300 

NCJ National Casein of New Jersey 312-846-7300 

NSC National Starch & Chemical Corp 201-685-5000 

NTS National Steel Corp., Great Lakes Div. .... 313-297-2100 

NEP Nepera, Inc 914-782-1200 

CBD Neste Resins Corp 503-687-8840 

NEV Neville Chemical Co 412-331-4200 

NBC New Boston Coke Corp 614-456-4154 

NCC NiacetCorp 716-285-1474 

NLO NiWor Chemical Co., Inc 213-830-2253 

NCP Niles Chemical Paint Co 616-683-3377 

NOC The Norac Co., Inc 818-334-2908 

Mathe Div 818-334-2908 

FSN NOR-AM Chemical Co 302-477-3000 

NW Northwestern Flavors, Inc 708-231-6111 

NOR Norwich Eaton Pharmaceutical, Inc - 607-335-2049 

PLR Novacor Chemicals, Inc 508-537-1111 

NBI Novo Nordisk Biochem, Inc 919-494-2014 

NSW The Nutrasweet Co 708-940-9800 

NYL Nylon Corp. of America 603-627-5150 

Occidental Chemical Corp.: 

HK ED&SDiv 214-404-3300 

HKD Polymers-Plastic Group 214-404-3800 

OMC Olin Corp 203-356-2000 

OC Omega Chemicals, Inc 803-582-5346 

ORG Organics/LaGrange, Inc 312-764-6700 

OCC Orient Chemical Corp 908-355-4010 

BSW Original Bradford Soap Works, Inc 401 -821 -21 41 

CJO C. J. Osborn Chemicals, Inc 609-662-0128 

OCF Owens-Corning Fiberglas Corp 419-248-8000 

CNE Oxy Petrochemicals, Inc 713-623-2246 



314 W. Henry St., Spartanburg, SC 29301. 
2110 High Point Rd., Greensboro, 

NC 27403. 
150 Andover St., Danvers, MA 01923. 
100 N. Riverside Plaza, Chicago, IL 60606. 
130 Montain Creek Church Rd., Greenville, 

SC 29602. 
2000 West St., Reading, OH 45215. 
3699 Kinsman Blvd., Madison, Wl 53704. 
One Shaffer Place, Suite 700, Greenville, 

SC 29602. 
6550 Davis International Pkwy, 

Solon, OH 44139. 
4601 Flat Rock Rd., Philadelphia, PA 19127. 

199 Main St., Lodi, NJ 07644. 

601 W. 80th St., Chicago, IL 60620. 
601 W. 80th St., Chicago, IL 60620. 
10 Findeme Ave., Bridgewater, NJ 08807. 
1 Quality Dr., Ecorse, Ml 48229. 
Route #17, Harriman, NY 10926. 
1600 Valley River, Suite 390, Eugene, 

OR 97401. 
2800 Neville Rd., Pittsburgh, PA 15225. 
600 River Ave., New Boston, OH 45662. 
400 - 47th St., Niagara Falls, NY 14304. 
2060 E. 220th St., Long Beach, CA 90810. 
P.O.Box 3.07, Niles, Ml 49120. 
405 S. Motor Ave., Azusa. CA 91702. 
169 Kennedy Dr., Lodi, NJ 07644-0230. 
3509 Silverside Road, Wilmington, 

DE 19810. 
120 N. Aurora St.. W. Chicago. 

IL 60185. 
17 Eaton Ave., Norwich, NY 13815. 
690 Mechanic St., Leominster, MA 01453. 
State Road 1003, Franklinton, NC 27525. 
1751 Lake Cook Rd., Deerfield, IL 60015. 
333 Sundial Ave., Manchester, NH 03103. 

5005 LBJ Freeway. Dallas. TX 75244. 
5005 LBJ Freeway. Dallas. TX 75244. 

120 Long Ridge Rd., Stamford, CT 06904. 
P.O. Box 1723. Spartanburg. SC 29304 
7125 N. Clark St., Chicago, IL 60626. 

121 Tyler St.. Port Newark, NJ 07114. 

200 Providence St., W. Warwick, Rl 02893. 
820 Sherman Ave., Pennsauken, NJ 08110. 
Fiberglas Tower, Toledo, OH 43659. 

P.O. Box 809050, Dallas, TX 75380. 



A-13 



Appendix A 



Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1991 



Identi- 
fication 
code Name of company 



Telephone 
number 



Office address 



PC PCI, Inc 606-836-3660 

PBI PBI-Gordon Corp 816-421-4070 

PCR PCR, Inc 904-376-8246 

PDG PD Glycol 409-838-4521 

PSG PMC Inc., PMC Specialities Group 216-356-0700 

Inc. 

PMP PMP Fermentation Products, Inc 708-928-0050 

PPG PPG Industries. Inc 412-434-3131 

AEP Packaging Corp. of America 818-968-3801 

PRA Para-Chem Southern, Inc 803-967-7691 

PAH Parish Chemical Co 801-226-2018 

PD Parke-Davis Div., of Warner Lambert, Inc. . 616-392-2375 

PSC Passaic Color & Chemical Co 201-279-0400 

Div. of Royce Associates, ALP. 

CHP C. H. Patrick & Co., Inc 803-244-4831 

PAX Paxon Polymer Co., Inc 504-775-4330 

PEL PelronCorp 708-442-9100 

PEN Penick Corp 201-621-2804 

PAR Pennzoil Products Co., Penreco Div 713-337-1534 

BPT Permuthane Coatings, Inc 508-531-1880 

PST Perstorp Compounds, Inc 413-584-2472 

PST Perstorp Polyols, Inc 419-729-5448 

PFN Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc 708-623-0370 

PCW Pfister Chemical, Inc 201-945-5400 

PFZ Pfizer, Inc 212-573-2323 

Pfizer Pharmaceuticals, inc 809-846-4300 

PHR Pharmachem Corp 215-867-4654 

PLB Pharmacia P-L Biochemicals, Inc 414-227-3600 

PDI Phelps Dodge Industries, Inc 219-456-4444 

Phelps Dodge Magnet Wire Co. 

SOG Phibro Refining 203-661-4770 

PLC Phillips 66 Co 918-661-6600 

PPX Phillips Paraxylene, Inc 809-864-1515 

PPR Phillips Puerto Rico Core. Inc 809-864-1515 

PHC Phthalchem, Inc 513-681-0099 

PCI Piedmont Chemical Industries, Inc 919-885-5131 

PIC Pierce Chemical Co 815-968-0747 

PIL Pilot Chemical Co 213-723-0036 

PPL Pioneer Plastics Corp 207-784-9111 

IMC Pittman-Moore, Inc 812-232-0121 

708-615-3700 

PKL Plaskolite, Inc 614-294-3281 

PSL PlaslokCorp 716-681-7755 

PLS Plastics Engineering Co 414-458-2121 

PMC Plastics Manufacturing Co 214-330-8671 

PRT Pratt & Lambert, Inc 716-873-6000 

JLP J. L Prescott Co 708-331-8800 



266 W. Mitchell Ave., Cincinnati, OH 45232. 
1217 W. 12th St., Kansas City, 

MO 64101-1407. 
P.O. Box 1466, Gainsville, FL 32609. 
P.O. Box 3785, Beaumont, TX 77704. 
20525 Center Ridge Rd, Rocky River, 

OH 44116. 
9525 W. Bryn Mawr Ave., Suite 725, 

Rosemont, IL 60018. 
One PPG Place, Pittsburgh, PA 15272. 
14505 Proctor Ave., Industry, CA 91749. 
P.O. Box 127, Simpsonville, SC 29681. 
145 N. Geneva Rd., Orem, UT 84057. 
188 Howard Ave., Holland, Ml 49424. 
28-36 Paterson St., Paterson, NJ 0750I. 

P.O. Box 2526, Greenville, SC 29602. 
P.O. Box 53006, Baton Rouge, LA 70807. 
7847 W. 47th St., Lyons, IL 60534. 
158 Mount Olive Ave., Newark NJ 07714 
4401 Park Ave., Dickinson, TX 77539. 
13 Corwin St., Peabody, MA 01960. 
238 NonotuckSt, Florence, MA 01060. 
600 Matzinger Rd., Toledo, OH 43612. 
1219 Glen Rock Ave., Waukegan, IL 60085. 
Linden Ave., Ridgefield, NJ 07657. 
235 E. 42nd St., New York, NY 10017. 
P.O. Box 628, Barceloneta, PR 00617. 
719 Stefko Blvd., Bethlehem, 

PA 18016-1035. 
2202 N. BartJett Ave., Milwaukee, Wl 53202. 
4300 New Haven Ave., Fort Wayne, 

IN 46803. 
P.O. Box 5038, Houston, TX 77262-5038. 
Phillips Bldg., Bartlesville, OK 74004. 
P.O. Box 1162, Guayama, PR 00655. 
P.O. Box 1166, Guayama, PR 00655. 
266 W. Mitchell Ave.. Cincinnati. OH 45232. 
P.O. Box 2728, High Point, NC 27261. 
3747 N. Meridan Rd., Rockford, IL 61103. 
11756 Burke St., Santa Fe Springs, 

CA 90670. 
1 Pionite Rd., Auburn, ME 04210. 
1401 S. 3rd St., Terre Haute, IN 47808, and 
421 E. Hawley St., Mundelein, IL 60060. 
P.O. Box 1497, Columbus, OH 43216. 
3155 Broadway, Buffalo, NY 14227. 
3518 Lakeshore Rd., Sheboygan, Wl 53081. 
2700 S. Westmoreland, Dallas. TX 75233. 
P.O. Box 22. Buffalo, NY 14240. 
16750 S. Vincennes Rd., S. Holland, 

IL 60473. 



A- 14 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1991 



Identi- 
fication 
code Name of company 



Telephone 
number 



Office address 



PG Procter & Gamble Co., Procter & 51 3-627-6386 

Gamble Mfg. Co. 

PRC Products Research & Chemical 818-702-8900 

Corp. 

QKO QO Chemicals, Inc 317-497-6110 

QCP Quaker Chemical Corp 215-828-4250 

USI Quantum Chemical Corp., USI Div. 513-530-6500 

QUN K. J. Quinn & Co., Inc 603-474-7177 

RMI R-M Industries, Inc 803-548-3210 

AMU RPM, American Emulsions Co., Inc 404-226-7028 

RSA RSACorp 914-693-1818 

BLC Ranbar Technology, Inc 412-486-1111 

REG Regis Chemical Co 708-967-6000 

RCI Reichhold Chemicals, Inc 914-682-5700 

RIL Reilly Industries. Inc 317-247-8141 

CRT Reilly-Whiteman, Inc 21 5-423-5300 

ELP Rexene Products Co 214-450-9000 

RDA Rhone-Poulenc, Inc 201-821-1000 

CLD Rhone-Poulenc, Inc 404-422-1250 

REZ Rhone-Poulenc, Inc 502-499-4011 

KCH Manchem, Inc 215-837-1808 

RIV Riverdale Chemical Co 708-754-3330 

ORT Roehr Chemicals, Inc, Div. of Aceto 

Corp 718-784-8473 

ROG Rogers Corp 203-774-9605 

RH Rohm & Haas Co 215-592-3000 

DRB Rohm Tech, Inc 508-342-5831 

ROM Roma Color. Inc 617-676-3481 

RQT Roquette Corp 708-249-5950 

RUC Rubicon, Inc 504-673-6141 

RUO Ruco Polymer Corp 516-931-8100 

NES Ruetgers-Nease Chemical Co 814-238-2424 

SBP SBS Products Inc 517-799-4941 

SCM SCM Corp., Glidco Organics 904-768-5800 

SOS SSC Industries, Inc 404-762-9651 

NPR Safeway, Inc 510-632-7373 



Spring Grove & June St., St. Bernard, 

OH 45217. 
21800 Burbank Rd., Woodland Hills, 

CA 91367. 
2801 Kent Ave., W. Lafayette, IN 47906. 
Elm & Lee Sts., Conshohocken, 

PA 19428-0809. 
11500 Northlake Dr., Cincinnati. OH 45249. 
135 Folly Mill Rd., Seabrook, NH 03874. 
2300 Banks St. Extension, Fort Mill, 

SC 29715. 
1202 Dozier St., Dalton, GA 30721. 
690 Saw Mill River Rd., Ardsley, 

NY 10502. 
1114 William Flinn Highway, Glenshaw, 

PA 15116. 
8210 Austin Ave., Morton Grove, IL 60053. 

800 Calitola Dr., Research Triangle Park, 
Durham, NC 27713. 

1510 Market Square Center, Indianapolis, 
IN 46204. 

801 Washington St., Conshohocken, 
PA 19428. 

5005 LBJ Freeway, Occidental Tower, 

Dallas. TX 75244. 
CN 5266. Princeton. NJ 08543-5266. 
P.O. Box 769, Marietta, GA 30061. 
9808 Bluegrass Parkway, Louisville, 

KY 40299. 
275 Keystone Dr., Bethlehem, PA 18017. 
220 E. 17th St., Chicago Heights, 

IL 60411-3699. 

52-20 37th St., Long Island City, NY 11101. 
One Technology Dr., Rogers, CT 06263. 
Independence Mall West., Philadelphia, 

PA 19105. 
83 Authority Dr., Fitchburg, MA 01420. 
749 Quequechan St., Fall River, MA 02723. 
1550 Northwestern Ave., Gurnee, 

IL 60031-2392. 
P.O. Box 517. Geismar, LA 70734. 
New South Rd., Hicksville, NY 11802. 
201 Struble Rd., State College, PA 16801. 
302 Waller St.. Saginaw, Ml 48602. 
P.O. Box 389, Jacksonville, FL 32201. 
1550 E. Taylor Ave., East Point, GA 30344. 
1100 77th Ave., Oakland, CA 94621. 



A- 15 



Appendix A 



Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1991 



Identi- 
fication 
code Name of company 



Telephone 
number 



Office address 



STX St. Croix Petrochemical Corp 809-778-6450 

SLM Salem Oil & Grease Co 508-745-0585 

SAL Salsbury Chemicals, Inc 515-257-1000 

Sandoz Chemical Corp.: 

S Sandoz Chemical Corp 704-331-7016 

SDC Sandoz Chemical Corp 704-331-7016 

ZOC Sandoz Corp. Protection 312-699-1616 

SCN Schenectady Chemicals, Inc 518-370-4200 

SBC Scher Chemicals, Inc 201-471-1300 

SCH ScheringCorp 201-298-4000 

SPR Scientific Protein Laboratories 608-849-5944 

TXS Scott Polymers, Inc 817-831-3541 

SRL G. D. Searle & Co 708-982-7000 

SQA Sequa Chemicals, Inc 803-385-5181 

SKP Shakespeare Monofilament Div 803-754-7011 

SHO Shell Oil Co 713-241-9548 

SHC Shell Chemical Co 713-241-9548 

SGO Shenango, Inc 412-771-4400 

SHP Shepherd Chemical Co 513-731-1110 

SHX Sherex Chemical Co., Inc 614-764-6500 

SHT Shintech, Inc 713-965-0713 

SMP J. R. Simplot Co 208-336-2110 

UPF Sloss Industries Inc 205-254-7801 

SK SmithKline Beechman Chemicals 215-751-4000 

BEE SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals 908-469-5200 

SMO Smooth-On, Inc 201-647-5800 

SLC Soluol Chemical Co., Inc 401-821-8100 

SLT Solvay Polymers, Inc 71 3-522-1 781 

SAC Southeastern Adhesives 704-754-3493 

SOR Southern Resin, Inc 919-475-1348 

SWR Southwestern Refining Co., Inc 512-884-8863 

SPL Spaulding Composites Co 71 6-692-2000 

Industrial Plastics Div. 

ASL SpecialtyChem Products Corp 715-735-9033 

SOI Specialty Organics, Inc 818-962-2008 

IPP Spectrachem Corp 201-595-8181 

SPU Spurlock Adhesives, Inc 804-834-3113 

SCC Standard Chlorine of Delaware, Inc 201-997-1 700 

STP Stepan Co 708-446-7500 

SC Sterling Chemicals, Inc 713-650-3700 

SD Sterling Drug, Inc 212-907-2000 

SDW Sterling Organics Div 212-907-2000 

CIN Stockhausen, Inc 919-333-3500 

IRI Stuart- Ironsides, Inc 708-655-4595 

SUN Sun Company, Inc 215-977-6358 



P.O. Box 6801, Sunny Isle, St. Croix, 

U.S. VI 00823-6801. 
60 Grove St., Salem, MA 01970. 
2000 Rockport Rd., Charles City. LA 50616. 

4000 Monroe Rd., Charlotte, NC 28205. 
4000 Monroe Rd., Charlotte, NC 28205. 
1300 E. Touity Ave., Des Plaines, II 60018. 
Congress & 10th Ave., Schenectady, 

NY 12306. 
Industrial West, Clifton, NJ 07012. 
1011 Morris Ave., Union, NJ 07081. 
700 E. Main St., Waunakee, Wl 53597. 
3607 N. Sylvania Ave., Fort Worth, 

TX 76111. 
5200 Old Orchard Rd., Skokie, IL 60077. 
P.O. Box 70, Chester, SC 29706. 
6111 Shakespeare Rd., Columbia, 

SC 29223. 
P.O. Box 3105, Houston, TX 77253. 
P.O. Box 3105, Houston, TX 77253. 
200 Neville Rd., Pittsburgh, PA 15225-1690. 
4900 Beech St., Cincinnati, OH 45212. 
5777 Frantz Rd., Dublin, OH 43017. 
24 Greenway Plaza, Suite 811, Houston, 

TX 77046. 
P.O. Box 912 Pocatello, ID 83204. 
3500 N. 35th Ave., Birmingham, AL 35207. 
900 River Rd., Consnonocken, PA 19428. 
101 Possumtown Rd., Piscataway, 

NJ 08854. 
1000 Valley Rd., Gillette, NJ 07933. 
Green Hill & Market Sts., W. Warwick, 
P.O. Box 1000, Deer Park, TX 77536. 
815-D Virginia St., Lenoir, NC 28645. 
1510 Denton Rd., Thomasville, NC 27360. 
P.O. Box 9217, Corpus Christi, TX 78469. 
310 Wheeler St., Tonawanda, NY 14150. 

2 Stanton St., Marinette, Wl 54143. 
5623 N. 4th St., Irwindale, CA 91706. 
200 Sheridan Ave., Paterson, NJ 07512. 
P.O. Box 8, Waverly, VA 23890. 
1035 Belleville Turnpike, Kearny, NJ 07032. 
22 West Frontage Rd., Northfield. IL 60093. 
1200 Smith, Suite 1900, Texas City, 

TX 77592-1311. 
P.O. Box 11247, Barcelonita, PR 00617. 
33 Riverside Ave., Rensselaer, NY 12144. 
2408 Doyle St., Greensboro, NC 27406. 
7575 Plaza Court, Willowbrook, IL 60521 
1801 Market St., Philadelphia, PA 19103. 



A- 16 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



fable A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1991 



Identi- 
fication 
code Name of company 



Telephone 
number 



Office address 



SNA Sun Chemical Corp., Pigments Div 212-986-5500 

RAS Surface Coatings. Inc 617-933-4200 

TCC Sybron Chemical, Inc 609-893-1100 

INP Synair Corp 615-698-8801 

BUC Synalloy Corp., Blackman Uhler 803-585-3661 

Chemical Div. 

SRY SynrayCorp 201-245-2600 

HFT Syntex Agribusiness, Inc 41 7-866-7291 

SYP Synthetic Products Co 216-531-6010 

SYT Synthron, Inc 704-437-8611 

TKD Takeda Chemical Products USA, Inc 919-762-8666 

TEK TeknorApexCo 401-725-8000 

TLI Teledyne Industries, Inc., Teledyne 408-637-6536 

McCormick Selph. 

TOC Tenneco Methanol Co 713-757-2131 

TER Terra International, Inc 712-277-1340 

BNP Terra International, Inc 712-277-1340 

TX Texaco Chemical Co 713-432-3734 

TPC Texas Petrochemicals Corp 713-477-9211 

TWD Tonawanda Coke Corp 716-876-6222 

TRY Toray Plastics Americas, Inc 401-294-1550 

TRI Triad Chemical 504-473-9231 

TRO Troy Chemical Corp 201-589-2500 

TUL Tull Chemical Co., Inc 205-831-3845 

TLC Twin Lake Chemical, Inc 716-433-3824 

UPM UOP. Inc 708-391-2000 

UHL Paul Uhlich & Co., Inc 914-478-2000 

UTF UltraformCo 205-443-1600 

DRL Unichema North America 312-376-9000 

NCI Union Camp Corp.: 

NCI BBA Div 201-628-2000 

WTH Chemical Div 201-628-9000 

UCC Union Carbide Corp 304-747-3825 

UOC Union Oil Co. of California 213-977-7746 

UTP Union Texas Products Corp 713-623-6544 

USR Uniroyal Chemical Co., Inc 203-573-3886 

UNN United Aniline Co 617-762-4057 

UCM United Color Manufacturing, Inc 215-860-2165 

UNO United Erie, Inc 814-456-7561 

USB U.S. Borax & Chemical Corp 213-251-5400 



411 Sun Ave., Cincinnati, OH 45232. 
100 Eames St., Wilmingon, MA 01887. 
Birmingham Rd., Birmingham, NJ 08011. 
2003 Amnicola Hwy., Chattanooga, 

TN 37406. 
Croft Industrial Park, Spartanburg, 

SC 29304. 
209 N. Michigan Ave., Kenilworth, 

NJ 07033. 
P.O. Box 1246, Springfield, MO 65801. 
1000 Wayside Rd.. Cleveland, OH 44110. 
P.O. Box 1111, Morganton, NC 28655. 
P.O. Box 2577. Wilmington, NC 28402. 
505 Central Ave., Pawtucket, Rl 02861. 
3601 Union Rd., Hollister, CA 95023-0006. 

1010 Milan St., Houston, TX 77252. 
Terra Centre, 600 - 4th St., Sioux City, 

IA 51101. 
1000 Terra Dr., Woodward, OK 73801. 
3040 Post Oak Rd., Houston, TX 77056. 
8600 Park Place Blvd., Houston, TX 77017. 
3875 River Rd., Tonawanda, NY 14150. 
50 Beluer Ave., N. Kingstown, Rl 02852. 
39041 Highway 18 West, Donaldson ville, 

LA 70346. 
One Avenue L, Newark, NJ 07105. 
130 Burton St., Oxford, AL 36203. 
520 Mill St., Lockport, NY 14095. 
25 E. Algonguin Road, Des Plaines, 

IL 60017-5017. 
1 Railroad Ave., Hastings-on-Hudson, 

NY 10706. 
Theodore Industrial Park, Theodore, 

AL 36582. 
4650 S. Racine Ave., Chicago, IL 60609. 

1600 Valley Rd., Wayne, NJ 07470. 
1600 Valley Rd., Wayne, NJ 07470. 
P.O. Box 8361, Charleston, WV 25303. 
1201 W Fifth St., Los Angeles, CA 90017. 
1330 Post Oak Blvd. Houston 

TX 77252-2120. 
Benson Rd., Middlebury, CT 06749 
Endicott St.. Norwood, MA 02062. 
638 Newtown- Yardley Rd., Suite 1E, Newton, 

PA 18940. 
438 Huron St., Erie, PA 16502. 
3075 Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles, 

CA 90010. 



A-17 



Appendix A 



Table A-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals alphabetical directory of manufacturers, by company, 1991 



Identi- 
fication 
code Name of company 



Telephone 
number 



Office address 



USX 



UTC 

UPJ 

CWN 

VSV 

VLR 

VCM 

VDM 

VNC 

VND 
VEL 
VIN 
VCC 

VKR 

VTM 

FRO 

VYN 

SWS 

WJ 

CCG 

WLM 

EW 

WLK 

WPG 

WVA 

WRD 

WPS 

WHW 

CHN 

WTC 

WCL 

WYK 

WYT 



YKK 



PAT 
ZNC 



U.S. Steel, Div. Of USX: 

Clairton Plant 412-433-4980 

Gary Works 219-888-4657 

Unitex Chemical Corp 919-378-0965 

The Upjohn Co 616-323-4000 

Fine Chemicals 203-281-2700 

Valentine Sugars, Inc 504-532-2541 

Valero Refining & Marketing Co 512-246-2000 

Vanchem, Inc 716-433-6764 

Van De Mark Chemical Co., Inc 716-433-6764 

Vanderbilt Chemical Corp 203-744-3900 

203-853-1400 

Van Dyk, Div. of Mallinckrodt, Inc 201-450-3206 

Velsicol Chemical Corp 708-698-9700 

Vineland Chemical Co., Inc 609-691-3535 

Vinings Industries, Inc 404-436-1542 

VirkJer Co 704-588-8500 

Vitamins, Inc 312-861-0700 

Vulcan Materials Co., Chemicals Div 205-877-3000 

Vygen Corporation 216-998-1120 

Wacker Silicones Corp 517-264-8500 

Warner-Jenkinson Co 314-889-7600 

Warner-Jenkinson Cosmetic Colors 908-757-4500 

Wellman, Inc 908-542-7300 

Westinghouse Electric Corp 412-864-8200 

Electrical Materials Div. 

Westlake Group 713-960-9111 

WestPoint Pepperell, Inc 404-645-4753 

Grifftex Chemical Co. Sub. 

Westvaco Corp 212-688-5000 

Weyerhauser Co 715-384-2141 

Wheeling-Pittsburgh Steel Corp 304-234-2400 

Whittemore-Wright Co., Inc 617-242-1180 

Wil-Gro Fertilizer, Inc 918-825-3383 

Witco Corp 201-573-2800 

Wright Chemical Corp 919-251-0234 

Wyckoff Chemical Co., Inc 616-637-8474 

Wyeth Laboratories. Inc., Wyeth 215-341-3867 

Ayerst Laboratories Div. of American 

Home Products Corp. 

YKK Corp 201-935-0003 

Yorkshire Pat-Chem, Inc 803-233-3941 

Zeon Chemicals, Inc 708-437-9770 



600 Grant St., Pittsburgh, PA 15219. 
1 N Broadway, Gary, IN 46402. 
520 Broome Rd., Greensboro, NC 27406. 
7000 Portage Rd., Kalamazoo, Ml 49001. 
41 Styles Lane, North Haven, CT 06473. 
Rt 2, Box 625, Lockport, LA 70374. 
530 McCullough, San Antonio, TX 78292. 
1 N. Transit Rd., Lockport, NY 14094. 
1 N. Transit Rd., Lockport, NY 14094. 
31 Taylor Ave., Bethel, CT 06801. 
and Rt. #2, Box 54, Murray, KY 42071. 
Main & William Sts., Belleville, NJ 07109. 
10400 W. Higgins Rd., Rosemont, IL 60018. 
1611 Wheat Rd., Vineland, NJ 08360. 
3950 Cumberland Pkwy., Atlanta, 

GA 30339-4501. 
12345 Steele Creek Rd., Charlotte, 

NC 28273. 
200 E. Randolph Dr., Chicago, IL 60601. 
P.O. Box 530390, Birmingham, AL 35233. 
Middle Road, Ashtabula, OH 44004. 
3301 Sutton Rd., Adrian, Ml 49221. 
2526 Baldwin St., St. Louis, MO 63106. 
155 Helen St., S. Plainfield, NJ 07080. 
1040 Broad St., Suite 302, Shrewsbury. 

NJ 07702. 
Route 993, Manor, PA 15665. 

Westlake Center. 2801 Post Oak Blvd., 

Houston, TX 77056. 
1900 Cunningham Dr., Opelika, AL 36801. 

299 Park Ave., NY, NY 10171. 

1401 E. 4th St.. Marshfield, Wl 54449. 

1134 Market St., Wheeling, WV 26003. 

62 Alford St., Charlestown, MA 02129. 

P.O. Box 429, Pryor, OK 74361. 

155 Tice Blvd., Woodcliff Lake, NJ 07675. 

102 Orange St., Wilmington, NC 28401. 

1421 Kalamazoo St., S. Haven, Ml 49090. 

P.O. Box 13745, Philadelphia, 



1251 Valley Brook Ave., Lyndhurst, 

NJ 07071. 
11 Worley Rd., Greenville, SC 29602. 
3 Continental Towers, Suite 1012, 

1701 Gulf Road, Rolling Meadows, 

IL 60008. 



Source: Compiled from data received in response to questionnaires of the U.S. International Trade Commission. 



A- 18 



APPENDIX B 

CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES; 

GLOSSARY OF SYNONYMOUS NAMES 



Appendix B 

Table B-1 

Cyclic Intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names 



Common name Standard (chemical abstracts) name 

A acid 3,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

Acetyl-p^phenylenediamine 4'-Aminoacetanilide. 

1 ,2,4-ackJ 4-Amino-3-hydroxy-1-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

(1-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid). 

Acid yellow 9 6-Amino-3,4'-azcdibenzenesulfonic acid. 

p-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid Sulfanilic acid and salt. 

m-Aminobenzoyl J acid 4-Hydroxy-7-(m-aminobenzamido)- 

2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Aminoepsilon acid 8-Amino-1 ,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

Amino G acid 7-Amino-1 ,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

Amino J acid 6-Amino-1,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

Amino R salt 3-Amino-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

Aniline oil Aniline. 

Anthraflavic acid 2,6-Dihydroxyanthraquinone. 

Anthranjfin 1 ,5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone. 

Armstrong & Wynne's acid 4-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

B acid 5-Amino-4-hydroxy-1 ,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

2B acid 6-Amino-4-chloro-m-toluenesulfonic acid. 

4B acid 6-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid. 

Benzal chloride a,a-Dichlorotoluene. 

Benzanthrone 7H-Benz[de]anthracen-7-one. 

Benzotrichloride a,a,a-Trichlorotoluene. 

Bisphenol A 4,4-lsopropylidenediphenol. 

B.O.N 3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid. 

Broenner's acid 6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Bromamine acid 1-Amino-4-bromo-2-anthraquinonesulfonic acid. 

Bromobenzanthrone 3-Bromo-7H-benz[de]anthracen-7-one. 

C acid 3-Amino-1,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

C.A. acid 3-Amino-6-chloro-4-suIfobenzoic acid. 

C-Amine (Lake Red C acid) 2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid. 

Cassella acid 5-Hydroxy-1-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Chicago Acid (SS acid) 4-Amino-5-hydroxy-1 ,3-naphthalenedisulfonic 

acid. 

Chlorobenzanthrone Chloro-7H-benz[de]anthracen-7-one. 

Chromotropic acid 4,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

Chrysazin 1 ,8-Dihydroxyanthraquinone. 

1 ,6-Cleve's acid 5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

1 ,7-Cleve's acid 8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Crocein acid 7-Hydroxy-1-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

2-Cyanopyridine Picolinonrtrile. 

3-Cyanopyridine Nicotinonitrile. 

Cyanuric chloride 2,4,6-Trichloro-s-triazine. 

D acid 6-Amino-1-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

DADI Dianisidine diisocyanate. 

DDB p-Dibutoxybenzene. 

Decacyclene Diacenaphtho[1,2-j:1',2'-JL|fluoranthene. 

Dehydrothio-p-toluidine 2-{p-Aminophenyr)-6-methylbenzothiazole. 

Developer Z 3-Methyl-1-phenyl-2^pyrazolin-5-one. 

o-Dianisidine 3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine. 

1,1'-Dianthrimide 1,1'-lminodianthraquinone. 

Dibenzanthrone Violanthrone. 

Dichlone 2,3-Dichloro-1 ,4-naphthoquinone. 

4,4'-Dihydrocydiphenylsulfone 4,4-Sulfonyldiphenol. 

Dimethyl POPOP 1 ,4-Bis[2-(4-methyl-5;-phenyloxazolyl)]benzene. 

4,5-Dinitrochrysazin 1 ,8-Dihydroxy-4,5-dinitroanthraquinone. 

Dioxy S acid 4,5-Dihydroxy-l-naphthalenesuHonic acid. 

Diphenyl epsilon acid 6,8-Dianilinc-1 -naphthalenesulf onic acid. 

Durene 1,2,4,5-Tetramethylbenzene. 

Epsilon acid (Andresen's acid) 8-Hydroxy-1 ,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

B-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table B-1— Continued 

Cyclic Intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names 



Common name Standard (chemical abstracts) name 

F acid 7-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Fast Red G base 2-Nitro-p-toluidine [N 2 =1]. 

Fast Scarlet R base 5-Nitro-o-anisidine [NH2=1]. 

Fischer's aldehyde 1 ,3,3-Trimethyl-5 2 ,a-indolineacetaldehyde. 

Fischer's base 1 ,3,3-Trimethyl-2-methyleneindoline. 

Freund's acid 4-Amino-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

G salt 7-Hydroxy-1 ,3-naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt. 

Gamma acid 6-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid, 

sodium salt. 
Gold salt 9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-1-anthracenesulfonic 

acid and salt. 

H acid 4-Amino-5-hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic 

acid, (8-Amino-1-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid). 

Hellimellitene 1 ,2,3-Trimethylbenzene. 

Indoxyl 3(2H)-lndolone. 

Isodurene 1 ,2,3,5-Tetramethylbenzene. 

J acid 7-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid, 

sodium salt. 
J acid urea 7,7'-Ureylenebis[4-hydroxy-2- 

naphthalenesulfonic acid] 

K acid 4-Amino-5-hydroxy-t,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

Koch's acid 8-Amino-1 ,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid. 

L acid 5-Hydroxy-1-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Lake Red C amine 2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid. 

Laurent's acid 5-Amino-1-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

M acid 8-Amino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

MEP 5-Ethyl-2-picoline (2-Methyl-5-ethylpyridine). 

Mesitylene 1 ,3,5-Trimethylbenzene. 

Methane base 4,4'-Methylenebis[N,N-dimethylaniline]. 

Michler's hydrol 4,4'-Bis[dimethylamino]benzhydrol. 

Michler's ketone 4,4'-Bis[dimethylamino]benzophenone. 

MOCA 3,3'-Dichloro-4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane. 

MVP 5-Vinyl-2-picoline. 

Naphthionic acid 4-Amino-1 -naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

o-Naphthionic acid 1-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

P-Naphthol 2-Naphthol, tech 

Naphthol AS 3-Hydroxy-2-naphthanilide. 

a-Napthylamine 1-Naphthylamine. 

Neville & Winther's acid 4-Hydroxy-1 -naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

m-Nitrobenzoyl J acid 4-Hydroxy-7-{m-nitrobenzamido)-2- 

naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Oxy Koch's acid 1-Napnthol-3,6,8-trisulfonic acid. 

Pentaanthrimide 1 ,4,5,8-Tetrakis(1 -anthraquinonylamino) 

anthraquinone. 

Peri acid 8-Amino-1 -naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Phenylbiphenyl Terphenyl. 

N-Phenyldiethanolamine 2,2'-[(Phenyl)imino]diethanol. 

Phenyl gamma acid 6-Anilino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Phenyl J acid 7-Anilino-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Phenyl peri acid 8-Anilino-1 -naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Picric acid 2,4,6-Trinitrophenol. 

POPOP 1 ,4-Bis[2-(5-phenyloxazolyl)benzene. 

Pseudocumene 1 ,2,4-Trimethylbenzene. 

Pyrazoleanthrone Anthra[1,9-cd]pyrazol-6(2H)-one. 

B-3 



Appendix B 

Table B-1— Continued 

Cyclic Intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names 



Common name Standard (chemical abstracts) name 

Pyrazoleanthrone yellow [3,3'-Blarrthral[1 ,9-cd]-pyrazole]-6,6'- 

(2H,2'H)dione 
Pyrazolone T 5-Oxo-1 -(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3- 

carboxyhc acid. 

Quinizarin 1 ,4-Dihydroxyanthraquinone. 

2-Quinizarinsulfonic acid 9,10-Dihydro-1,4-dihydroxy-9,10-dioxo-2- 

anthracenesulfonic acid. 

Quinoline yellow base Quinophthalorte. 

R salt 3-Hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid, 

disodium salt. 

RG acid (Violet acid) 4-Hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

Rhoduline acid (J Acid Imide) 7,7'-lminobis[4-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid]. 

RR acid 3-Amino-5-hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

S acid 4-Amino-5-hydroxy-1 -naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Schaffer's acid 6-Hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Silver salt 9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dioxo-2-anthrazenesulfonic 

acid and salt. 

Solvent Yellow 1 p-Phenylazoaniline and hydrochloride. 

Solvent Yellow 3 4-(o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine. 

SS acid (Chicago acid) 4-Amino-5-hydroxy-1 ,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

Sulfanilic acid p-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid. 

o-Surfobenzaldehyde o-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid. 

Tetralin 1 ,2,3,4-Tetrahydronaphthalene. 

Thiolindoxyf 3(2H)-Thianaphthenone. 

Thiosalicylic acid i o-Mercaptobenzoic acid. 

Tobias acid 2-Amino-1 -naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

TODI Bitolylene diisocyanate. 

o-Tolidine 3,3'-Dimethylbenzidine. 

a-Toluic acid Phenylacetic acid. 

a-Tolunitrile Phenylacetonitrile. 

4-m-Tolylenediamine Toluene-2,4-diamine. 

Trimellitjc anhydride 1 ,2,4-Benzenetricarboxylic acid, 1 ,2-anhydride. 

Trimethyl base 1 ,3,3-Trimethyl-2-methyleneindoline. 

Trinitrophenol Picric acid. 

Urea J acid (J acid urea) 7,7'Ureylenebis[4-hydroxy 

-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid]. 

Veratraldehyde 3,4-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde. 

Veratrole o-Dimethoxybenzene. 

Vinyltoluene ar-Methylstyrene. 

Violet acid (RG acid) 4-Hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 



B-4 



APPENDIX C 

SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, U.S. PRODUCTION 

AND SALES, 1991, HARMONIZED SYSTEM BASIS 



Appendix C 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, U.S. Production and Sales, 1991, 
Harmonized System Basis 

The following table contains 1991 U.S. production and sales data for synthetic organic 
chemicals in the 6-digit Harmonized System (HS) format. The Commission decided to compile 
such data in this format in response to the decision by the U.S. Bureau of the Census to publish 
Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) data which will be convertible to the HS beginning with 
the 1987 Census of Manufactures. The U.S. Bureau of the Census has historically referred to the 
Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales (SOC) report in the chemicals 
section of the Census of Manufactures, which permits them to omit collecting synthetic organic 
chemicals production and shipments data from its respondents. Because of this situation, the SOC 
data will now also be compiled on an HS basis to provide comparablility with the new SIC format. 

The table provides production and sales data on a 6-digit HS basis only where publication 
would not violate the statutory provisions relating to unlawful disclosure of information accepted 
in confidence by the Commission. It includes only the 6-digit item numbers with publishable data 
from a number of HS chapters in which these chemicals are classified, but does not provide totals 
by chapter or overall total figures. 



C-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



Table C-1 

Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1991, harmonized system basis 

HS/ Production Sales 

number Description 



271113 Butanes, liquefied 

290121 Ethylene 

290122 Propene (Propylene) 

290123 Butene (Butylene) and isomers thereof 

290211 Cyclohexane 

290220 Benzene 

290230 Toluene 

290244 Mixed xylene isomers 

290250 Styrene 

290260 Ethylbenzene 

290270 Cumene 

290312 Dichloromethane (Methylene chloride) 

290313 Chloroform (Trichloromethane) 

290314 Carbon tetrachloride 

290315 1 ,2-Dichloroethane (Ethylene dichloride) 

290321 Vinyl chloride (Chloroethylene) 

290361 Chlorobenzene, o-dichlorobenzene, and 

p-dichlorobenzene 

290511 Methanol (Methyl alcohol) 

290512 Propan-1 -ol (Propyl alcohol) and propan-2-ol 

(Isopropyl alcohol) 

290513 Butan-1-ol (n-Butyl alcohol) 

290531 Ethylene glycol (Ethanediol) 

290532 Propylene glycol (Propane- 1 ,2-diol) 

290542 Pentaerythritol 

290544 D-glucitol (Sorbitol) 

290711 Phenol (Hydroxybenzene) and its salts 

290723 4,4'-lsopropylidenediphenol (Bisphenol A, 

Diphenylolpropane) and its salts 

290941 2,2'-Oxydiethanol (Diethylene glycol, Digol) 

290943 Monobutyl ethers of ethylene glycol or of diethylene 

glycol 

291010 Oxirane (Ethylene oxide) 

291211 Methanal (Formaldehyde) 

291213 Butanal (Butyraldehyde, normal isomer) 

291411 Acetone 

291412 Butanone (Methyl ethyl ketone) 

291413 4-Methylpentan-2-one (Methyl isobutyl ketone) ... 

291422 Cyclohexanone and methylcyclohexanones 

291 441 4- Hydroxy-4-methy lpentan-2-one 

(Diacetone alcohol) 

291521 Acetic acid 

291522 Sodium acetate 

291524 Acetic anhydride 

291531 Ethyl acetate 

291532 Vinyl acetate 

291533 n-Butyl acetate 

291534 Isobutyl acetate 

291611 Acrylic acid and its salts 

291731 Dibutyl orthophthalates 

291732 Dioctyl orthophthalates 

291735 Phthalic anhydride 



Quantity 

1,000 

Kilograms 


Quantity 

1,000 

Kilograms 


Value 
1,000 
Dollars 


499,319 
18,123,454 


458,547 
6,930,275 


102,503 
2.784,597 


9,774,421 


5,587,526 


2,026,443 


440,829 


201,982 


83,031 


1,046,505 


935,618 


392,215 


5,209,209 


3,706,298 


1,379,618 


2,856,521 


1,441,087 


405,686 


2.866,253 


1,235,178 


326,280 


3,680,516 


1,634,357 


951,662 


4,023,827 


159,941 


68,089 


1,890,456 


1,510,477 


682,426 


176,648 


140,897 


48,679 


228,901 


214,119 


88,692 


142,944 


172,911 


25,292 


6,220,003 


1,439,902 


139,592 


4,024,514 


1,641,925 


455,996 


151,637 


- 


- 


3,948,035 


2,494,614 


379,606 


687,366 


545,758 


308,439 


598,641 


338,502 


186,834 


2.181,568 


2,004,390 


925,262 


301.902 


243,078 


224,420 


51.767 


50,335 


67,307 


132,463 


119,687 


105,177 


1,631,620 


889,262 


348,059 


552,801 


191,341 


200,437 


221,185 


169,271 


37,266 


265,507 


203,944 


155,731 


2,380,363 


245,346 


237,317 


3,199,191 


1,179,529 


127,319 


870,437 


31,595 


16,106 


1,064,701 


778,430 


397,225 


232,761 


225,565 


168,574 


82,049 


79,923 


83,933 


462,199 


44,718 


43,483 


- 


8,803 


10,793 


1,639,897 


483,010 


199,868 


20.014 


- 


- 


- 


154,145 


142,236 


117.811 


108,634 


82,042 


1.239,389 


973.470 


546.959 


167.956 


95,600 


276.845 


25,780 


24,825 


18,140 


511,976 


146,457 


164,942 


8,506 


6,450 


7,945 


122,510 


125,206 


115,518 


266,277 


165,764 


109,964 



C-3 



Appendix C 



Table C-1— Continued 

Synthetic organic chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1991, harmonized system basis 

HS/ Production Sales 

number Description 



292141 Aniline and its salts 

293211 Tetrahydrofuran 

293371 Caprolactam 

310210 Urea, whether or not in aqueous solution 

320411 Disperse dyes and preparations based thereon . . . 

320413 Basic dyes and preparations based thereon 

320414 Direct dyes and preparations based thereon 

320417 Pigments and preparations based thereon 

390110 Polyethylene having a specific gravity of less than 

0.94 

3901 20 Polyethylene having a specific gravity of 0.94 or more 

390130 Ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymers 

390210 Polypropylene 

390311 Polystyrene, expandable 

390319 Polystyrene, other than expandable 

390330 Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) copolymers . 

390421 Polyvinyl chloride, mixed with other substances, 

nonplasticized 

390519 Polymers of vinyl acetate, other than in aqueous 

dispersion 

390610 Polymethyl methacrylate 

390730 Epoxide resins 

390750 Alkyd resins 

390760 Polyethylene terephthalate 

390920 Melamine resins 

390950 Polyurethanes 

400219 Styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) 

400270 Ethylene-propylene-nonconjugated diene rubber (EPDM) 



Quantity 

1,000 

Kilograms 


Quantity 

1,000 

Kilograms 


Value 
1,000 
Dollars 


436,021 


285.682 


181,834 


96,584 


48,742 


96,027 


582,214 


147,828 


216,811 


5,448,685 


5,053,437 


764,161 


20,363 


20,311 


113,040 


3.983 


3,862 


55,394 


18,454 


17,866 


138,724 


51.311 


39.426 


643,561 


5.236,044 


5,193.088 


3,964,623 


3.850.976 


3,881,484 


2,949,937 


242,056 


226,710 


239,170 


2,664,063 


2,403,391 


1,792,668 


313,902 


229,074 


251,565 


1,875,849 


1,669,304 


1.632,076 


487,596 


439,396 


858,733 


3,455.220 


3,273,328 


2.361,277 


243.905 


191,918 


314,197 


280.833 


177,086 


413,862 


375,498 


249,950 


731.936 


355,636 


279,546 


334,921 


1,441,972 


971,425 


1,496,722 


115,523 


95,238 


223,990 


95.127 


80,577 


323,700 


763.542 


464,090 


418,066 


206,045 


193.659 


394,272 



C-4 



APPENDIX D 
ALPHABETICAL CHEMICAL INDEX 



Appendix D 

Alphabetical Chemical Index 

The alphabetical index of chemicals contained in this appendix table is an outgrowth of the 
processing of data by the U.S. International Trade Commission for its annual report. Synthetic Organic 
Chemicals, United States Production and Sales. This index will aid those who have an interest in the 
report, either as users of the published data or as suppliers of individual company data to the 
Commission, principally by showing the section number and line item number of specific chemicals. 
This information can be used to assist in locating a chemical in the report and to provide respondents to 
the Commission's questionnaire with information on where to list their production and sales data. The 
index shows only those chemicals for which production or sales were reported to the Commission for 
this edition of the report 

The index, initially designed for Commission use in computer processing of data for the annual 
report, has certain characteristics that should be noted to increase its usefulness. For example, superior 
headings for individual entries are not shown in the index. Thus, understanding the contents of the first 
item in the index, "accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents, acyclic, other" necessitates that 
the index user turn to the individual section (in the report) and item number (in the questionnaire) to 
find those acyclic accelerators, activators, and vulcanizing agents already specified. Similarly, the 
index entry "specific gravity 0.940 and below" does not by itself identify the chemical product. The 
index user will need to turn to the indicated section number and item number to determine the chemical 
referred to — in this case, polyethylene. 

The chemical names used in this report and in the questionnaires sent to U.S. producers to 
obtain the data aggregated in the report are listed alphabetically in the first column of each listing in the 
index. The second column refers to the section in the report and questionnaire containing the chemical, 
and the third column shows the appropriate item number in that section in the questionnaire. 



D-2 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



%.% 



COS 



S5 



S2222992';2292!:2'"* 0000 oooos<iiOi-ioaio)NO)*5iooooooooooo 

NooqqoqnooqooqNNnnriqooqqqor-ri-i-T-rrniNN^ooooooooooo 
to criwcocog^^wocgNr-cocbfotofbtbaiaio^ 

NN^T- I - I -t- I -i-T-r-T-i-T-^^T-i-i-r-i->-i-T-i-T-t-^T-i-T-^t-6INWNt-i->-^^T- 

oooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 

" <5 i_ a> 

.x: .::::::::::::::::«>:::::::::::::::::;;;• •£ 

;o ::::::::::::::::;£:::::::::::::::::; \ [ \ -° '■'■'■■ '■ 
'."a '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.= '. : \ : : : : :::::::::::::: :"3 ::: : : 

• n -.. 

N-D lOWO^OCMt^©"^COt©S>CMCMCO ^'-'-IOO>««'-'-'-'-'-'-'-NOIN*^W^egN^ 0) 0) <u 0) 0) 
JC "01i-N*«ll)IOOi-T-T-WN«OOn'DCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCccCCCrOOa55 

o o a> a> a> a> iiijiai«oi(iiiiiiiiii)0iiiiiuiiBJi5}JSJJ5J}JJJJ5J"j;"»ccccc 
iS «22222552 3D 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3S2SS22SS22£u22S2SSS2E2»Si!!i!!5!! 
mAmmfflmmmmmmmcQmmmmfflfflSmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmoOOOCS aOOOOO 

'o 'o 'o 'o "o 'o "o o "5 'o "o o o 'o "o 'o 'o 'o "5 'o "o o o "o 'o 'o '5 - o 'o "o 'o 'o 'o "o 'o 'o 'o 'co 'o o o 'o 'o o 'o 'o "5 "o 
<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 



OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCOOOCvl^ 



«D *NOOOt-(MO) ioooo 
i- CON-CO CMCO COCO^ 



pppppi 

c6oiot^T^T^io«b^<bT^cvio)^uicoi^i-T-co<ac\ic»oco*^^^io«>cdc6 
co »- y-r-f-ao o co«Of-i-o> coeocnco i- O) O O *- t- t- i- i- i- i- 

■* ■»-«> 00 '•■i- CMtN >* CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM 



'■S-'S 

co a> ca _ 
-£ - a> 
S2 o £.2: 
o .0-5^ 
co 52 to -■ 
5! S£.2} — '< 

<!>(?<»>. 

O CO <-> o 
O ™ Q » 1 

< < « 



Iff u> 

: a> ai to 

liSjSiS 
> 0) co a> 
* u o u 

:<<< 




c§ c <»P# 

S-CS * (A 

a> q_5 - 

O O Ifl'OTJ 

■o e'Eoo 
c c CO to to 

co a>££ a> a> 



D-3 



Appendix D 



■SJ§ 



gg 




tl-int^MioeooeoioooNnnini-iDOWio^tT- i-lolo cmididio 



o a> 

X: CO 
o >. 
.2 (3 
nj co 
>«£ 



a) 



££■55 






>« £ a> (J «- ; M « >, 
T3 >> >■ <J £ £ £ Q. 



to 

,,£.2 

^ "■& . 

<; CO in 

Iggg 

o=6 =5" 



« CO 

o o .-- 



£o 
o = 

= CO 







' 2 £>g £>£•£•£•£•£•£•£• £•£•£>& 5. 5> 5, 5. 5. > 

JOU^OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCJ 

:<< <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 



-ox: 
IS" 

E-i 

u C ,. •" 

2: >•■= 2 c 
dot to- 
ny Q. CO x: x 

Etj'SoJ! 

Ns*! 

O .— — - O 

§ <o£ a) a> 
E 2 2 In °- 
18 c3=5 <u2r 

'o 'o o 'o 'o 'o 

CO CO CO CO CO CO 

o o o o o o. 
'a.' a.' a.' a.' a.' a. 



•« CD 



£ 35 CD CD CO 'n 



CO N 
Q. CO 

o"0 

= >,a> 

CD-C — 

S\Ho 
o eta 

<< 



=VE 



x£ 

g CD 
XJ O 

CD O 

cgco «) 

co. < coO 



* o 

cox: 
= o 



0100N(Oi-OOOOOOOOOOOOOlD01I!l!)OOOit*CO(DOC0 01000000nOOOOOOOO 

ocoooiniaioooooooooooooociiosoioooionamorroooooociioooooooo 
opoorT-rqooooooooooooNONoiooonnnn«4«ooooooocnooooooo 
K^cxi^tfjioifwi^oi^cxiiricjii^iri^oicocoOT^^^w^ioiriuiiriuiiri 

l/)C0<DlD(0(D«)T-tDlDSSNNC0C00)0)OOT-'-i-i-^T-T-T-T-i-i-T-»-i-^C0T-i-CMCMO t-r-t-r- 



*fr a> t- eg ir> ff) to 

^1 ™ T. T» T. T. m S" ■ ' 0)»-CMi-(DtD00C00>N.O^-^-00C0O000> 

t? i? ? c? c? i? t?S ^ ^ ^ ^ 

CO CO CO CO CO CO CO <u'O"D"D"O'0"0"P'0"P"O"0"0"O'O'O'O"O"0*0"P"O"0"0"O'0"0 

^w^h^wwbZ^CDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCD 

OOOOOOO^-ocrrcccccrtrococfririrrrocQicrccocDCCEirirccrrirDca: 
P!9!2?525-3555P5S5S!5P52!25!9!5!5S!9S5SS5.'9P 



>,co" r ^'-'-5 444444ife 

| ;£££££??????;; 

'9'9'2'S'2-2t5" d T2" d "2' d "2"9" d . 

<<<<<<s<<<<<<<< 



D-4 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



<E-9 



I§ 



ooooooo 
ooooooo 
ooooooqp 

<y> c\i c\i co in co <r> 

(OWSOli-CilN 
CMCM t- CMi-OO 



oo ooooooooo OOOOOOO oooooo oop 

OlO OOOlDOOOOOOnOOOOOOOOOlOlOMS 

oo) 5o«)inoo)(j)oqqnNqiB'--i-r;iq^qTrioi()in 

M in ./- « «ll MA — «• #*i rS\ ■— l/\ l*-i f^" /HI »*- /T\ //\ l*-\ /M / ("1 .-T\ K. I f~t 1 fl I f\ 



OQ1 u U (O IH O UJ Ul u u u VJ 1^ u «t/ rj t- r; «l rj w N «; w «i w 

coio to d i oi co i<df to to r^ io w r^ to * c> <b d > cvi cb o> n! t-^ io in iri to 

COCO CO Tj- O CMCMCMOO 1-1- O CM CO co CD P~- CO CO 10 LO IO tJ- 



i-t-t-00 coco 



in to 
into 
mm 



OOONOON 



10 k. co 10 00 r*- 00 

,-, ^ w. , _ , _, w it y- in ■* w w 

cMcococor^ co co co t^. r-. co r^. cm co 



M 

CO Q 

■gl 

0) 0) 



a>'o 

II 
■c CO 
<■>£ 



(0 



CO 



o o 

£ a> y y IS a> 

m 0) <U CD 0>o' 

r££££o 

^•o o ooi 



IB " 

1 = 



■£o 
a> o 

"SLsl 

x: a> £ 

s§I 

.52 "5 o 

c c a, 



•2-S. 
o o 
a£ 
— a> 



_ o 



a) 10 



ill 

■0.8 x 

slits 

(5 -j- ^ 






w io w ww low in cm cm 



t» £ £ "o « >. o^o £ -c 1= >^"5. 2 w 

< < < Q.< 4<<<<'*^-CO<<' 



**1 

EO* 

o io r 
goo 

E 10 10 

o^is^™ 
2 a) a> coT3 E 
ffoooiS = 

-55 s sl 

'^■Q.Q.Q.Q.3 
<<<<<< 



22 



« «■ 



d) to 

CJ..L 

co-o 

£ E 

3 3 
e c 

11 



a> to 
™ S 2'i 

¥**! 

JO >>.2^ 
.5 ■? =6 *"" <v 
■a co . a> -js 
.- a>Oa>"5 2 

3 9-J5 S — x o a) 
"3 S 2 "SO o Q-tS 

002--OO.C 
.2 "w 00 - « o 00 

: 6 : 5 : 6Cc:-!2.!2 E 

EEEE5SEE 

c c c c-Q c c c 

e'e'eeS'e'e'e 

^^3^ O 3^ 3 
<<<< <<< 



o" 3.82 

fS-Q a) 

o 6 to 
5 a> a) 

o£i= 

E EE 

333 

v- i_ 1— 1— >— »^- ■— r *— *— mb C C C 

333 
<<< 



TJ.S 

«E 

CO CO 

p 

co a. 

(O <l) 

is 

CO 00 >, 

£o6« 

occE 
— 5 5 co 

IO" IO l/)JZ 

a> a> oj >. 
"9"2"9o 
E'EE a 
<<< 



0000 
0000 

co co coin 
00 00 00 CM 

00 co co ^t 



OOOOO 
00000 

OOOO'* 

O)^- cor- cm 

CM CO CO 



OOOOOOt-OOO 
OOOOOOCMOOO 

ooooooocMino) 
iricbiocoioioio<b'i- : co 
10 oior^^*»-io 

OOCMIOCMCMO 



u; i^f \j \j \j *j 

a> o> o o i~ co 

lOCMCO'^lO* 

mow 1000 



oonioooo ooooooo 

OON^OOIO Ot-OOOIOO 

ooooooo oiooqi-coq 

c\i r^'io i^^^co cbcocooicococo 

- • - ■ ' - CM CM CD 



**CM 



CM 



lOlOWlO CMCMIOIOCO 



CO CO IO ^- CO CM ^- •* IO 



CO IO 

CO© 

o 1013 

oojj 



ai£ <>> 
f o£ 

^^° 
co — 

CO w- ■ 



*3£g- Sl&i 
sl^oSSf 2 

ioo'-go -0 00 

•■•"«*flSSS8 

y o_ co o-*= ■= 



2 2 2 go.'So. 

2220T3 Q.T3 

III ESS" 



EE 



EEE 



. .5S5 = = 

_ _ _ J2 J2 -S i2 J2 J2 
00000 >;o o Oi 

888 88&88_ 

<<<<< <<< 



E «T3 



E 



£ 



=.*co 
£!e 

<D 3 
O IO 

S->. _ 

B a! o> °- 

0) co £.2 <i) 

.sfalPlsllfis 

iHKSilfilli - 



E 



E-gH 



to 
■o" 

■o O) 

SI 
$* 

co ■ 
. 10 
a>a> 

■n «S 9 
S 10 10 



n q) a> 
'ir-o-g 
•5 <= c 
^00 



oE 

E co 

<§■ 

■>.£*= 3Z T3"0 
jC O-CO CO >.>■ 

«= ■ 10 <of x: 
<KV E c 0)0) 







o a. 
a> co 

T3T3 

a, aj 



O) X >< 

ill 



22 
co co 
EE 
po M . CO o 

oo° o.£.E 

c c £ ct> K 

• a) a) <5 a) - c o 

*&&$&&& 
<<<<<< 



D-5 



Appendix D 



I§ 



5J§ 



fcD CD tO 



ooooooooooo 

OOOOQIQOOOOO 

qqqr-ininiooqoqq 

cor^oocococo^moco 
ejT-T-«co«C3CO'*i-cDr^ 

T-«nT-I-l-I-T-1-I-t- 



OOOCMOOOOOOOO 

SOOOOOCMOOOOQ 
qqeoqqqooooR 
wcbcdcotOTf^iricMCMcor-: 

0000000) OlO^Ol^OOO 

i-i-i-T- 1- T- 1- 1- CM CM C\J 



oooooooooo 

OQOOQOOOOO 

qinoq*0f3 0ioo 
iritbooT-^r^co^cviT^cvi 




>>X 0) C< UJpj 3 

S-SEgAfcSg 
EEE**-5Ei 

<Ll< Ec/) C0< to 
CM. J. 



Pi 

O 2e0 0)0)0)0) 0>-X 

Q.O-5.S.E.E.E c~ 

ro - 9- g =■==•= « ^ 
V V .S-.9-.S-.9-.9-£ * 

>.>>>.>.>.>. >.-£ y 

£££££££no 

CUCUCUCUCUCUCUCi; 

EEEEEEEsc 

CMCMCMCO^-IOCDCm"* 

666666666 

c c c c c c c c •■ 



is 

9? 
.t:CM 



a). 



ncb£ 

o2 p. 






o o 

to CO o 

■o o) a> n 



DO . if C 
= =0)S o 



o 



- - . v ; — -rz c c co 
£■9-5:2! 2 2! to 9i £/*= 



EEEEEEEEE 
<<<<<<<<< 

CMCMCMCMCMCMCMcbcM 



EE 
<< 

c\i in 



:«o« 9.- c - c - c >,TT»» 

2,Q.~ Q^C 0.0.0 = ?VT 

)oEocooo»ooo 
: ?<ErfEE c oEE c 
si allEllcE'EE 
o<:=2<£2.<<< E<<< 
6 a.co l^cMcb'*<•*«>■* 



a> 



o) 2 

o.t: 
as u 

co E « E E 

A >.- 3 2 
•EO-fr) oo 
£g~.2EE 
<^EEEE 
•*■*<<<< 



J!E S 

2(8 « 

EEE 
3 3 3 
c'c'c 

o o o 
EEE 
EEE 
<<< 



• S-fiSB-S 



>. — .3 .3 .3 .3 .3 .3 .3 .3 



(0 

fifi 

T5 a> g 
IEo 
EEE 
3.3.3 
c c c 
o o o 
EEE 
EEE 
<<< 



E 
=5 co 

X 6 

— !>9 

S& 

iSjla 

° S o 

>. ^-0) >>s- 
0~L 0.0.0. 

E^EEE 
.3^2 3 3 
cl c c c 

o a>o o o 

e|eee 

E< EEE 
< <<< 



oio 

CM CO 



oooooooooooooo 
oooooooooooooen 

ppOOOx-OOi-OOWOO 

i^^cowrvrvcMcoiot^cooicDcd 



oooooooo 

CDOOOOOOO 

cd o co in in o in o 

oinioiossNs 



ooooo 
ooooo 

loaiooo 

OOJOt^CM 
* Ot-t-i- 



CM CO 



CM <o CM CM m CM CM CO CO ^- "* CO CO CO <o CO co in co in CO CO CO CO CO 
i- O i- i-i- i-i-OOi-i-OOOOOO i-Oi-OOOOO 



II 

'SI 



c . c ,_ 
E •- E ® 

«"(0£ 

111?. 

•2 -iS = 



3o 

CO Q.® 0)^.0)0) 

CrCXgiKOI 
3 JO O (JOJC 

"O (0 -. (O •= -K 



-C CD 

O «T3 

^ a> 






0-0 A. 

2>cb-5. 



«-£? 



(8 = 



E E?.S*SI 

og-=slSco = 

.fc X a> x E x n." 

0)>,irQ)j:fl)-5 0) 

5o5.E«.Ec».E 
E a EE*E c E 
< << < < 



■5M 
E.E gajcoio 

o <l0) .52 co co a> E ■? 

ilPl=lsi 

wSggcOCBOOO 

a> a> •= ■= o o -E .E .E 
E.eJJ.E.E EEE 
EErf^EE^'ff 

<<T»-CO<< Q.1- O 



BUN 

o'o S 
.= kj a> 

N 5,^ 

$06 

•g.E.E 
.EEE 
E<< 

< 6-CM 



£ ■ O 



a 1 

(8 co 
oO 

•EW 



E 

«?"9 L 
o a) 



3 o «> (= 

■O O O) 3 

o> = ^i co 



.9 c 
c o> 

CO N. 

?^co 0) gS 

cm E 6 = So 

CO g .O Q.Q. 3 
_"T3 AclVni 
V >.V O O 1 
or 0000 
C (0 c c c c 

'e Se'e'e'e 

<x:<<<< 

CMCDti-A 







' ^_^ 






. 0) 






■ c 






:'e 






' (0 






:o£ 






:S'i 






:£tS 







. 0) 3 






>»"2 






:1a 






. °c 




'a 


E 




c 


J-g 




'e 


:< cb 




n 


■2 






3i c 


:"5_- 


T3 c 


• c 


■5 C( 


■ CB c 


JC 




c 


£ (8 
-S-o) 



"1 



CO 



0) "S £■ 
"C 0) ® CB 




■B £!.£!.< i 

■A i^-CM< 



D-6 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



l§ 



I-O 



ooooooooooo 



y- *f*t y-CO 



wooooooooo 
oooooooooo 

OONOOOniDON 

oiioior^cooco^ai* 
awr-a>r^cococ\Jco 
COt^CM^- T-yf<slyf 



oooooooooooooooo oooooooooo 

8O3OQOCUQQOOOOOQ oooooooooo 
000000000000000000000000 

lo^cvicocboioid^oJior^o^coi^oir^cJior^coirit^od 

niou)ionn**0)0)00'-'-T-i-i-iflio(OSNNNN 

'VCMCMCMCMOiCMCklCMCMCOCOCOnrOCOCOCMCVJCVJCMCMCMCMCM 



all 

c a> a) — 
<i> c us * . 

-Q <j) 3 c m 

IIP* 

. 3TJ 

o cyo> 

'I! 



Em 

c - 
o j2 



£ 01 



«SSS&~. 



<Z<< 



* J « *'U O'B 

-=.£ Sfi ro ro £ 
c I'E 2 = .0 -.g 
:§ f? <? o co Q 5 
c a.< 2 £ 8 8 



— a 

C c 

(0o 



aj 

«>" : :to 

E§oo 

3 q.cc co 
•^ g o o 



II 



- 2 = 
a> "2 a> * .&• 






: «g SB 5' — = - ~ ~: 



tit 3 ■- a s= — — 

< 5, o.<5 CO 0) <u 

a <<<<< 



IB CO CO CO CD 

___ __ ._ ._ .. 10 CO CO (0 CO 

5SSSSSSSS ">" *- ro i-"«" m" eo" 0>" 

cccccccccsetrtttt 

Q O O O O O O O O S 5 5 m n. S S S 

Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.2CCCCCCC 

EEEEEEEEEoooooooo 

000000000D.Q.Q.Q.CLQ.Q.Q. 
OOOOOOOOO EEEEEEEE 

0)0)0)0)0)0)0)0) O) o o o o o o o o 
^so.'.m'Sito «" c c c c c c c c cOOOOOOOO 
SB'gS^g^^j,:"®" i : S. : 5. : 3. : 5. : a : 5. : 5. : 5. : 5.o 0000000 

CCO.!2cO.£.J£uOO<UW<l>2333333333NNNNNNNN 

ES-gS-S- « « co = = = 2ooooooooo25325S3S5S 

rg9o S-gcQmSmmmmoooooooooDQQQQ bob 

o<<<4Nuoouuuouuouuuouuuooguuuo 

— rvi — rli fvi S. ° 5 'O O 'O 'O O 'O 'O 'O O O '5 O O 'o O O 'O "O O - O 'O 
N ™.*7.™.™. NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNrMNNNNN 

<CMt-CMCVI <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 



ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo ooooooooooo 

oooooooooooooommoocomoioooooLOOoooooooooooooooooocooo 
oioiooqqqorqqqqoioniairronnoiAoiDinooooooooooooivoooooooo 
3oio>e\i^coi-"c3^T^cdcd^odu5iocorincdcr)rio6^^ricNio>rioT^cNw^c^ 

3 t-CMi- y- t- y- to 00 at a> CD 00 CO OOOO OJ CM CD CD 00 O 00 CD CO O") CO CO CO O O i- t t- y- <£> CM CO CO C«3 

^- inioio »-oo. cm cm cmcm iv ,- ^mtoioiowioioiniocococMcocMCM oo cm cm y- 

<ocp<oco<oco(ocDcDco(oio^^r^i^r^inioioioioiocNicAt^iocNCNicNicNc>icvic\ic\ic\ic\ic\i(oc\imcoo>cvic^ 

©0000000000i-»-»-0©©'»-i-»-i-»-i-t-©©!--i-i-i-t-i-i-i-i-t-i-i-©i-000'i-0000 



e?I 





.3tJT> 




"O >.>> 


p 


o-cc 


coc c 


*? 


-cm 


< 


*rr 


S 

J5 


2 = = 


nil 

O X X 




O O O 


-c 


EEE 

<<< 


O 



•a =5 



co ""m 



2 2e 




coC* 

la 

a> 

T3 0) 
>«TJ 

£C 
* 3 

2» 

CO — 

E 



feiS 
f o 



I co c != CO *• 



Si ". » co 
CO •" - 



5 E>>5?2«-0"=Q-_o<i>«> 

flt nk : fit n i- ^«t*Ji-iy-v— , O TT* 1*11 



S2o - 

a) c 

cu E 




3 « 

■Ko 

T3 O _ _ - - 
75 .ts .« .t; « « 



o oo'=£ « « 

oooJbob^ 

OOOOOOOa) 

.« .t: .tr « .t; .t; .« c 
jo jq A A J3 jQ A ~ 



cB-L 
^!cococo<oco<ocococoioco< 

rS28222S2222 

•O -O T3 TJ TJ "O TJ "O T3 T3 TJ T5 J> 



CO 

o 

c 

■o :£ 
■« ■ = 

focS" 

K co co 



43 



= o5S ,d c5'Sj='S-S 
~ 2 j: jc ?=t: oojg 






CD £ O 



<<<<<<<<<<<<< 



1<1 

<CM< 



t O 

"5.3 a> 
o">*l 
c o^> 
~'c o 
5 o co 
<c'c 
o-<< 



S CD CO 

■2§-2 



— » _ 

"SI 
o>,o> 

c'c c 

<<< 



D-7 



Appendix D 



I§ 



OOOOOOOtDOCO*T-OOOOOOOOOOOCOCOinoOCJ>CO , «ttOCOOMOOOOOOO OOOOON-OO 

ooooogo , *of~-0'-gmoooooQoooioio<oi^r^ mokjiciooo oooqo oooir>i-moo 

ooooooooooT-^oooooooooooooooopoooi-oowinoiqo piqwcMi^cMOp 

<6airic6<r<oor^c^c^e^^^o^^^^^ocit^c6oooooooooouiviait^-t^-<r<n i^voiooSf^oir^co 

r~- w co oo oo oo o> o> o> o> o> gj co •■- co co co en -<t (D (D U5 to t^- 1^ m~- i^- 1^ r^- n- i^ t^- OJ i- cm *cmio m co toco 

CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO tO CO CM CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CM CMtOCM i- i- CM 



S> a> CM* 

03 Sff 

iT CO <i> CO 

O oOCOC 



«Bq_ 

*i- U >_" 

o? S,co^^ 



CO CO CO 

ccccoc 

o o o 
io'to'to 

mmm 



"O-O.C0.C0 

co d>"P -2 o o 



*D "O m — — — — Puuuouwoooouuoo 






(DOICO 

**r^ 

■DT3T3 

ccdcccdcoc 2^>i> 

o o o 

10 10 10 
CO CO CO 

GQCQCQ 



CO i-l 



co oo in oo 

lOlOCOt^ 

8 5 55 

o o o o 



~~^5 
— — 5j9 
,5.Q.o"co[a>ja>ja)jn>jaija)ja>[Q)^)ja>[a>[Q)jaj 



a>co* 

NC0O1 

5 5 5 

o o o 



0>0)i- 

5J? 



u u o 
to '5 '5 ,„ 

CO CO C0,W CO CO 



o o o g 

'w 'to'to'oj 



co '5> 

- 3 

to»- 

CO^; 
>XM 

%|a> 
55-d 

>^ CO 

,■> u c 

9oj co 

totototototoioiotototoioiAia Bx: 

COCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCCCOCOCOCOrnCO 
HCQCQCDCQCQCDCQCDCQCQCQCQCQ tli-CD 



o o o 



u u o u 



>» 

o o o 



o o o 



-CE CT3 .- 

CO CO o= i 

CO CO CO CO CO 

N N N N N 

C C C C C 

CO CO CO CO CO 

rn m fn m rn 



coP. 

fifcli 



icvj'o co 

-CO 5 

•jjxt 
ir>j3 a> 

- o _ 
"O CO >> 

otx 

— CO - 



o co _ 

c F. • 

"5 =2 
a>00 co 



CO <1> CO CO CO 
£ N N N N 

O C C C C 

" CO CO CO CO 

CDCQCQCQ 



nio , 



CO CM (j> 

CO,-" CO 



OpOOOOOCMOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO>000000000*OCMOO*OOOOOi-000 
OOOOOOOCOOOOOi-OOOOlOOOOOOOa>OOOOOOOOOa>*WOOi-000000000 

pppppppppppr^ppoppcMppcnooocnooooooooooi-i-oooooooi-i-ooo 
oii-CMor^cDaii-^ioocbibcococooSoir^ciibtbow 

t^COCOt^CMCMCMCOCOCOCMCOtOtOOCDOO NnNCDl0^mCM1-0««OOOT-i-i-iniOT-CMiniOI/)lOinCOCMNS 
CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM i- * OT CO CO CD CM r-. i- CO * CO ■* CO CO •* * * *** CO CO * CM CO CO CO CO CO CM CO CO CO 

O OOO OO OOO OOO i-Ot-Oi- t-f- 1-1-1- 1-1- ooooooooooooooooooooooooo 



_ ± .J. CO 
CO CO CO rtT 
10 10 to Jo 

o"cm"co".§ 



§.; 



£ ° 
o = 



•S-E 

II 

Q.E 

toco o s 

T3Tl"i!|E 
* *TR ° * CO 
OC DC £>£§ 
O 0.0.0.0 CO 



o o £ 

— Q.Q.O 

EEE? 
o o o = 

ooo 8 

O O O o'~ C>J 

333933 

000=6 OC DC 

.y.y y a y o _ _ _ . _ .., 

O O O'o'o'oo'o'o'o'oi: 



1185 

fit- 

t«E to" 

£ = ■* 

to t> co S 

co co cd ro 
CD CO CD CD 



BE 

0) CO 3 

SSe 

CO CT3 
U CO CO 

CC-O u 

EEE 

3 3 3 



£ cox: 

* = m 

CM « C 

EEE 



CO CO 

„, m to to 

CO zz CO CO 

•".Eoofcococo 
co'imQ3_co^^^^ 
c C.Q.QCQCQ CD CD 
3 3.0 OO O.OO 

*c 'c 'to 'to 'to 'to 'to "to 
cococococococpco 



CO 

i-t-ON.* 
CM* <Otv.O> 
CO CO CO CO CO 

co mm 
o_o.o 
</) 'w'to 



CO CO 

rx: 

■5"co5 
. .0- 
to to 



n 

to"Q- 



mm 
y y 

05 0) 



O CM co CO* i— 

*" c 

mCDxlxj'" 

o o o o~ u 

10 tO 10 (0 (g'tO 



— — — — — __rn 

rr\ (-*-» rry rr\ /v\ ^^ ^5 LU , 



*-s-*g>- 

2 I 2! a. >= 
miiOoi^c 
.y .y.y.y-5. 

to to to u> in 
CO CO CO Cum 

mmoomSu 



D-8 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 









Ol/J O O OOOO OO OOOOOO Ot-OOOO oo o oooo o oo 

88 S § 8§8£ SJp g882§§8fe88888S8858888§ 

CO CJ> *t CM COIOIOIO ID CD <D I s * CO I s -- 00 0) CO CO O) O O) ^t o o O r- ■<" ^ ^ ^ h* CO 

i- O) lO lOi-i-r- i-T- i-t-OIi-i-i-10t-i-0(Oi-**IOIOOt-NO)0 



inT- 1 -oiOi-**wioor-wo)i 
*f r- in co r- <o co <o co <o i- co r>- i 



ooooo ooo 

QOOQCM OOO 

Coco o qoq mcno 

r^ co i- c\i rv! -i-^ r^ r^ 

-JOOr- O 



tS'OCM 

8 3* If I 

J3.Eg.CM.2cM a> 



■^ 5> 
S& 
Eo. 

It 



E o 



EEc 

N,ai.3.3g 

S.EEE>S 
— <p — ~ 



S"^ >%0 >.= >>2 

;— N N N ™ N <S 
: N a) a, a) p 0) p 

> g cp -q cq .£ m E 
co cm t^- 'A 



cd-^colo 

A ft>* 
H.<2.!2.!2 EsES-Ol-a.-5.-5.eiSS >.•=■= | 



C0jc 
c ft 



ft-E w^J-s."* J.S E E S o • 
-^,£ucea»ftoig ftj? „, 

'S'S-S.HLi.g"^* o££ ?2o 

€-£LiLS2-5 2«if e ebI-,1 

E >• Ola's. Q. a. in S -5L-C -c = „ * 



s8 



>. >. >. >. o 

N N N N 

c c c c 

0) 0) 0) 0) 

CD CO CD CD 



c co 8 2#£c1£SijSciS'sJ 

a> s t*"" o> , a) a) fl) a>i a) o) a» at 4i 
CQ t— ffl — mmffimrAmffiffifflffi 



OOO 

U5 CO 10 

£££ 

0)010) 

EEE 
eg tg _cg 

0)0)0) 

CD CD CD 



o °u, 

o o.E 

0) 0) | 

aicS.S.Q 
CD CD CO CO 



»S 



81 

.P. 

«S g*cB 

8es> 

CO ftp 
Q.Z u M 

cozca 



o ai-g 
■o ■ Sc? 
>..Q O) n s 

fftfas 

~ O £ O -O . J) -s; 

|ft.*ft§_2o 
=;coS.|c\i ago 

S*>.3E gS>- 
■o E £ a. >•— c £ 

£g »is 'Jig 

C^fcp CM co CO "SLftS!- 
.10 CVI ]5" 8 -A -C o> .w 
CQ cm"£ ■ " 



uy oj co u i— — .wf .^ 

"~ - r tn b"t-" cam 




CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CO CM CM 



X m"p 

c= sis c 

ai ai-pS'ffi 

■fl- C N N N 

«rtc: c c 
cm *-^ o) d) ai 

t- comm 



^ ■- s 

i_ w o 
a> o>~ 
v> «« 

•5,912 

£■ CMO) 

-3d" 



<S ^ a> 
>.» = 

■8f- 



CO N 

m c: 
CO o) 



cd co co 
OOO 

'o "o "o 

M N N 
C C C 

a> O) a 
co coca 



S5 ujjC 
w «•* O 

co c co a; 
■— _ 10 ■"_ 
■gT3"0"o ai 
'o "o "o 'o 'S 

CO CO CO CO ^-* 

o o o o ™ 
"o-o'o o o 

N N N N N 






a> a> c-= 
c c o 9 

o o c £! 

c-ft-ftSS 

o O O c c 
N N N a) a> 

o a) a) **? *¥ 

CO CO CO ftCM 



2^^a3£aj-g 



si 



E H 

CO o 

£1 

0) . 

E£i. 



0)0^ 

is-™ 



IN 

E!9 ° 



E°S 



o S 

isi^ili 

ili^lll 

-5.EE ee = = 
£Eg = Eg'c 
a> co c c cs E 9 

E ?: E g^i E 

^-o « _ > aj ?"a >>'= 



ilisllgissigg - 
€ftS8f||gtI.8i» 

i -5,-5* «£,« J-JQ -a o .H~JiS 
■ o o >»-5."5.->. £ "5.'>.?s5.->. o 

■ c Cm ccccc cCO c c c c c-g 
lci)a),ci)<i)<i)0)flici) ^^ o) o 0) <d co 
t— CQCOcmCDCQCQCQCQCQcmCQCQCQCOCQ 



; n n 

} CO CO 

) o o 



« j5. 5 _ C.S ~ a) S ~ • 
cH^H g>i^ .= : 

oEE E EE-g»fVo 

o.^ io "° § 2 2 >. >• 3 - 
>."5> >."5. >.>.>. Ei C--D' 

c c c c c c c2m E 

0>0)CD<D<D<DQ) J r, 

CO CQ CO CQ CO CO CO <D i— ( 



D-9 



Appendix D 



<E>.9 



E . 
Is 



COS 



oo ooioo ooocoooooo oor^-or^ooo oooooooooooooor^ooi-o oo 

- ~ Q O O O O O O Q Q O O O O Q i- Q O O Q O O 

iqqqoqo)OOU)iooa)OOiAou)noio^o 
oit^cMCM-i^cncodco^dcMiriindcocMirit^cMto 

CM i- CM CO CM 0> CO CO r- f- CM i- CM CM CM CO CM CM CO CO CM CM O CM 



mco m lo cm cm o> cm cm co m co cm * 10 



TJ 

>..c 
,1 2 



: c o 

■ a> P 
. D-V 

o as 

i) a) *B 

5=5 --a. 
if £f 

*>a> 2 — 



c8 m 

■o'gS 



E 

u 

2« 



E£ : o2 

O O r% V- «-.= 



!2E 

0) o 

£■0 



O 

■fit?* 

cb en 
o a> cq 
SiS«-o 
tj c o>"5 
x: o.> ™ 



"O 


o 




CM 


CO 






CO 


<U 


>. 



To 

CO N 

w " <S _ 
t-*.Q •_ 

-3lH a> co 

l^E-l 

a) "— ex: ?■ 



?£V a> co 

- co 

■D 

*- — n m m — 






loo 

'fc a) <u 

LEAS 

fro co co 
i mm 



co a. 

*' . ._ 

"oooo"© jlisf^asJsssc 

P C C C C C 6 C-.C fSttCOCO^CBCBCOS 

g cB <B <B ai c5= <o a.a> °- =L .E E o.E.E.E o 

>• a. o. o_ a. as i C>t? cPfcczstttt 

°-.!S.i2.<2.!2.!2.2<H.i2.-2 * o22°228S 

CD 00 CD CD CD CD t- CD CQ CQ CQ CD CQ CD CO CO CO 



5 o 
o c 
c o 

Q.OI 
O C 



O- ^ Ti CD r- w 



o a> 
= "9 
==E 
v g 
*~..a a> 



co-i-ti.i.3 o_' x; 



S.' ■* 



0) 



CO 

p- 

2E 
m 2 
com 



'Sills**! 

c E « « to o o o 

£•* CO fc c o o o 
o-fP 2 2 E E E 
m £2.*- m m o o o 
6co r-inmaitQ 



2q* : 

O — E: 



cmSJ- 

coo 
2EE 
moot 
cm mm < 



£-2. o) 
o^ £j 

S'ei 

0-"£ 0>TJ 

glSllIlt&fJ 

gSficj^EEc c§ 

o * >\2 * *S <D CO CM CO. O 

■oauggEggooo 

EEE22E22222 
o o omm ommmrafi 
m m m 6. cm m cm U- cm ca.^- 



oooo 
oooo 
ooooo 
Ot^oio 



OOO Ot- 

coioooio 
oiaioom 

i-^-i-i-IO 



ooooo 

OOIOOO 

o o mo co 
cooicficocb 
^t- 1- i-inio 

i-O o 



oooo 
oooo 
■tooo 
oocvi^ 
rococo co 

■<* CM'*'* 



oooooooooo 

OOOOOOOOIOi- 

oioNoooomino 
iniri^o>CMiri*oodoo 
tnmcMcocMincMiocMi- 
**co*co*coo> ^~ 



CMCMCM*CMCMCMC0lOC0 



io oomiflioot 



__ 03 

■5 

E 

i-H 

o«^ 
E S >> 

■5 o.-o 

S..E « >«■* 
-E.E£i 

>» CO CO "5^ m 

£ = =£:" 

0)0 0) xi 
O-"— -C T 
C 3 3 Q.IO 

SL3iJ.S >m 
m m m m T-" 



«> >» 
II 

CO-o 

It 



a> c 

O o ~ "D <D 

*IE ?■* ;? 
E ?JS E ^- o 

S S "* °-m <P 

§,io CM^.' JM_ 

m m m 2 m 




0-5.^^^1.(00 OO ;=• 



£.«.« = " >«£T3T3-0 



^^-!. jo io £ ^ a> a> a> 

K X£ S >! * ^«5 « « 
3 3« g^>.£ c c c 

re ® 7* ?ai aio co 

?SCi ' a) £ o o o 

«7 7S£SES^i.?. 

C CM_CM .' 0>Z_ 5,^ ;£_;£.£_ 

(qcdzcqco rnmmm 



i ia 

10 >< 



<0) 



SE 



a> 

E 
o 



■E-c 

P.™ CO 



£ 
a> a> 

^8 



g : 
1 :«£ 

>• ■ §■?. 

S •5a«Eo ff airs 

o> a 2 S ST&Sa-J-i 

1 ■l£?££Nif| 

« • 5 >>t3 45 <»=•?■ E£- 

5? :g'»5.oIS9 ; S t i'<9 
S • >«.!s v. =■ y JC ^ O) c c 



f • : S*|s : s22So:c5 
>L : >. £• >.-o >.^.^.^ o o 

x . x X -r >• X >> >> Si b: i: 



: g s^F 

■o ^ -o "5,£!.£J.-o £i.£s5 2 t2 
- "5 e ■? .S3 i2 ^.<2 .<£ •5' ! « : <o 
^2CMES-? m cM mm mmm 

2*0 co »ZZ »ZZc1|(d4 

m mmzzmzzc\T*c\i 



cm jSJ-M?.? 
- m H> m p £S2 ■* v-S 5 •? : 

V <B co •— <o ° .2 .2 ^.^..i? ' 



«E : 9-E * 
S^. — .^"55 * 
o^ o-co S ®* 
c5 o 1 £ .9 S -o 

>>>.>-££°: 

^o£« o >>o 

•= £ 0) 2 C £ "g - 

er-5EEo<i>E 
•g E T3 C--5 w -8 



A- CM >>-• E 

Z"K _ 
z'mmm 



D-10 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



5J§ 



I§ 



OOOOOOOOOOOi- 

ooinooooinooo^ 

O00)000i-O)0000 

ocooiiottJi^tb^T-^irico 
0(0 aooooo r^cvicMcvji- 



I^IOOOOOOOOOCOOOOOOOO 

T-inoooooooo-i-oi-ooomio 
qyopipqpw55oooNNooiONi- 
oor^oi- : oioi^i : rs.'odo6tvp5cocorv.'o6o 
i-CMt^-r^ CM -i- oo cm o> t- r^ o> o» o> cm io o 
i- CO CO CO CM i— CO i— CO CO t— 



WOOOi-OOO 
lOO^OOOQO 
> 9 c- 



r;NOIOOO' 

oonooioflos 

r- t- t^ CO CO CM CM CO 



OOOOOOO 

oonoiooo 

OOtOIOBIO 

co o f^ in ^- cb o> 



mioctiiniomioin 



c . CCQ. 

S-gS^-ci 

iS -§.>>« "5 Si 

o P <u.£ ro >, 




oooooooooooooooooooooo 

OOOOOOIOOOOOOOOOON-OOOOO 
OOOOOOIOOOOOOOOOCJ-CDOOOO 

t^oicdo>^ujirit^e6o>cdo>Oi- : cMcor^cb'4 : tO(c>i^ 



cooooooo 

(0000(000 

moinuwoco 

W^COlriNNO) 



ooooooooo 
oooocnmooo 

00000>0>0>00 

CMcbdoicMinoidtd 



COOTiniOlOCMi-lOi- 




5 cLiSiS iS ■ £2 



CO CD OQ CO CO y— CD 



* (8 

75-3 

<3C0 



c c 
o> a> 
.0.0-0 

E E c 
co m «.' 
3 3^ 

CQCOi- 



« IS x 

+ — 8 

-s - S?<i> 

S » a> c 



>.».! „& 

■ESe-2 = 

«*CM C O 
CM^ ■ g S 

■o o>Y <»o<o 

«5o.E a> • 

.2.' N P c>, 

g=r-E2JI 

ISr^g 
-9o>=;5eME 



■c-ci) 

<"£ 

u o 

>.c 

SI 

3 ff 

m 



d) 



' « =o o T» (8 Vj 

Q) Q) <J> 5> — fl) 

C C C m C 'o C 
d) a) 0)S <D_ O) 

■S-5-So3«-3 

CD OQ CQ c OQ ^CO 

-r-'OQCQcvi-Acvj-Adj CNI c\l 






o) Si 

13 co x^o >» 
2x1 o_ « x 

■CQ.Q.O >,0 

«o?cx£ 

O 0(M-££ &• 
C (OV 0)0)2 




S3 KL^X*} 1 S O) O * 
^O O C£ X — c — -J2 — 

xc-e<D«5o>.>»o) >» <8 » 
3E.Sga>a>o'x:a>oo 



■=-=mmi 



'.■*.3"3 




D-ll 



Appendix D 



■2§ 



So 
<o2 



■82^ 



OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOLOOO 

S888R888§8^8g888S8888888888888SS88SS8SS°RSSoSSSg 

oiiouWT-<rio*'<bT-^dT-i^r^'T-oi^ebi-^coeoc\ic6o>c>e6eieoT-fv:c5<\i»-uw<ri 

^8oS^555^5S 0> '-S(oaie*aSSSS8SSS^aRPSPi2S^^i2~ 0>w f3^S?S cslcvl 2S 









a> a> 

o >»■£• 



co£o :£c\iiS 
■5;>.d>»2ggB'g-g»EEE 

,=f && s.= c s|>e>"i 1 1 

Tk3 C ?3C0333 CQ 3COCOCOCO 

&mcMm..i.mmm cmuuuo 



o) a> . 
£«« 

fli 

EEE 
ii~.E.£o 



c to , 



EEE 

ooo 



BO'cc 

E.SQ § 
cd co to cd 

oooo 



EEEE 

3 3 3 3 
CO CO CO CO 

OOOO 



2 ' is 



a> «o co 2 

■JS °> <= E 



S.| 

fills llf lis gs 



g-s ■ • 

■S J? a> aj 



= « cogajp 8 £2! 

o>t CCO Q.Q.S: (0 

EEEEEEEEE 

333333333 

cococococococococo 
OOOOOOOOO 



5 a> • E 
>.S :S 
£E 
cu o 

H 

t, • x E 

^EE£:~*.2 

IHillflnllH 



OOOOIOOOOO 
OOOt-i-000<0 
OOO0>O>OCOOO> 



ooooooooooooooc 



c c cz f — f~ cc Sa w * u ■ 

333Q.eo.a>a>.u.9ooo>. 

U»i!EgEc CQ.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q. 

OOOO dOOOOOOOOO 



oooooooo 

CMQOOOOOO 



mi-ini-CMmocnrvcocNcocococococococotvcnin^'COT-N.co T-e\icui-cj>r*.r*-eo 



IVCMCMi-CMT-T-eO 




E- 

3* 

co yxj 

all 



■ CO 
=■0. 

It 

9 ° 

°> «— § co '53 — V s? 
o o£ R.ET5-5S.C: 

a. CL Q. Q.C 3,™ CM 2 

3 3 3 3 3™ V 3 
CD CD CD CD CO c QiD 



D-12 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



J§ 



ooooooooo 

OOIOOOOOOO 



oooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 

OOUJt3OOCJOoOOT-CMOO<D000)OT-OOOOOOOl0OOO0>OOOT-OOl0OO 

woT-ionioooooo<o<oooNNNoqoqninqT-;wioip(pNioqo)qoiqqoqciioq 
cocm 10 coincococoio co ■tfcDT* 



2 

■o 0) 

>.T3 

■"r'S 

CM 2 

V'-a 

i- >. 

-i. JZ 

Si 

cd.3 
E.E 

31 



o a> 

§| 

CM CD 

£§ 



fM.2 



E.E 



■5-2 






O 10 o 

ill 

J- "O (P 

V ><o> 
>.-£ co 

£ E !s 
a> 3^5 

E|3oi 
"" o <o c 



42-sr 



■x co o E-s 



E*« 



01L 
CCT3 

><, 

t3 a> 

tB-D 

®S 

o o 

S a <u cox: ttto^ • 



US (Be 
10O.E 



5 "J S .= 

X N CO *- 

8 to > <" 

CO CO c "D C 
«>0- CO CO 



IB CO o .U= 5.J5 

313-oi: ><p-g , = 
Ecg-00000000 



0) 



Sco 

CO (J 



«Sto 

O co 

eaO 



0000000 
to "SS "ES to to to to 

CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 

0000000 



= T3 CD 

2 <»■»; 

cnO - 



<V CD 

Jgto 

_°* o BpsSSa 
p >.>.73 E n'c'x M Mo 
■o-o-oiS««SO^£ 

(DQ)Q)<D(1)(D<DQI(DQ)(D 

00000000000 



CO 
CD - 

S >.co c a> 

2 -5 "5 .2 to 

3 cdx: 2tj 

XI x: CLO.CT3 

cdcdcdcdcdcdcd 

COCOCOCOCOCOw = 

aJ aJ a> a! a! a! £ ■= 

OOOOO OS 5 

cococococococd" 

CcDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCD 
'XCO(0tOC0(O(OlOU)(O 

oi£2£22°°°° — 
33333333335 

OOOOOOOOOOO 



CD'x 
= .£ 
CO CO 
■tx: 
c o. 
a> a> 
OO 



100 

TfOlOCO 

E ■ inujooi . _ .. 

CDS lOCMCOCM T-COi-COOi-OS'- 
2r-> m#m *~COCM CM CM « CM O) 



o o 0000 o 

O O QOt-O o 

CM U) lOOlOO O 

t^ cm gocmcoco t^ 

cm to coco en co co 

incMin 10 



CD O 
COS 



CM CM CM LO CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CO CM CM 



E£. 



C-C CD 

oVto 
££!.o 

g,ng 

<p£ 2 



I* 






-H —#<»;? Si* -2 !« 



^=2>. 



S o CM -jo xt ■* 3= 9 
XJxi C-^XJ c c c 



CM « 
=-E 
>«3 

£« 

CD O 
>.« 
X . 
O CD 

■oS 
cdx: O 
c5cm"o 






.bi-O 

JE2 
q.2-2 

OOOOr OcmOOO 



CD'S 
£T CO ■= O -O 

Fi - T CO E 10 = c 
VcflCMOfBOjiBCO 

fl! : co-5.£o5 j» 

5i5€lJl.i 

4=5T 5 . co co-o 
i.S J? -0 . -0 " " " 

S*-« s 20000 

O £ XI Q.C0 CO CO CO 
■03-- 




2 



co o a. o, ^ S co co co ° 

10 0000 ' 



__-5 

||ef| 

E£ a> = ^ 

.5 o -J5 co > 

' "9=5 "to" <o 
1 ■■o ,0- o"5'2 
i • 'O -o'o 'o 'o 

I ■ CO CD CO CO CO 

I • .2 5 ■— ■- ■— 
> ' ">• £>">.■>.■>. , 
: ^; x X K : 




D-13 



Appendix D 



5j5 



ooo 
ooo 

i- oo 
toco'-* 

■«* tOCVI 

*3Fc\i 



OOO TfOOOOO-i-O 



in coo 
oSiocrS 
cot OJ 



mooooor-i- 
oaiNoqqpq 
co oo-r- : r». , ^ : '*cr>oS 



oooooo 
toooo 
ooooo 

06 in oci 



tOOOO CM i- 



oooo '-cncnr-i- ■* 

-T- i- ^- ^ 001O 



'S-t^-OOOOOOOOOOOOOOt- 

OXDCJOOOOOI^OOQOOOOCD 

oiqnqqqqqqqr-ioiDqqqai 
cboocAicboSooioocvioSr-.'froiior^ob 
52 n J£ £; £" K "^ SERFS JG 00 ^^^!? 



- co o c\j in co co 



5-B O 



2"1 

(0 a> a) 

til 

aj c >> 

~9£ 
to o.a> 



Si" 

o a> 

§£. 

CZ 
CO o 

">>-o 
j= >. 

«■? 
E™ 
£S 
-^o 

Q_C 
O O 
Q.CO 

>. - 
x E 
2 = 
"S'c 



X oo ■? E 
go-oi~S 
-9 >.Z ooo 

gfOOOlL 

-iE^lt^i 

cvi 6-Oco 



o 



s 



w a, 
co";o 

s= '«-~5 co a> f= 

*T3£ o <0- 



= JS c = S e 



c a> 

E « 

^ <C £ t3 _,- 

cQ. a) OS 

ui o o o~ 

a> co co co 9- 

£ o o o 2 



S> ca co co S 



>. ■■=■= 



c X co co co s fSrS 



a> 



a) a) a> _o. 



g.c g n o 0) a) c ; 

.<2co^J5 >.■>.■>.£ EE E^ 
"5J-Z ~ZcB~~~Zc\ic\ic\i2- 

~£E2°EEE2922r* 
o.9 o_o.E o o o_g_g_o_grj J 
xr-co-cEooo-c-c-C-cj..! 

cviOcvi 000**4^di 



igs^co^si-p 

) a S= >•■= >«J= >>£ 
J c o a> 2 a> 2 a>£ 
: 2 c-£ E-c E.c S 

rw-g_2.E 2 = 2V 

,6^05050* 

iooJiaSlaiE 
■iocvi d a co. 



co 






Oc 



■= o 



.>-C0 

o i= 



00000000 000 0000000 

OOOOOOOO OOO OOOOCMIOO 



* ■* co 3- 1- 10 o>o> now 



o a> ~ 

_>>T3.9- 

f r. - C O. CD <D 0J 

^^•E2|t 

S-i2?S:-feE c > , »'gcM 

■_n>cM Q-o-P-^S^c^ 
oc -o 5-0 g<o £,0 - 
o a. - o-o 0.0 0.0.:= v 
_222_2 _2232 
0.9.9.90 — °.9.9 °-9 
^ -c -c -c A -c o-c-c o-c 
SIOOOSO2OO2O 
cvi-Acocot^ bOcocniOcvi 



0000000 

OOOOOOOO 



T3 ■•£ 

;&„_ 



mi 

<U a) o 

£c5 
co5x: 
?cu c 3.9 

S-o <" ot 

CO .21 3 *3 ^> 
03 CO O O.CD 

rro o o 

225° ° 
ooccr 

ziooo 
00 ecbcvi 



*WCMt-i-t-CM 

oo**^-f 



CM^tio lommionoio 



■ o 1- T- 






jc a> 
><E 



i S.9a> 
oi'O-o 



co Iz c a> — o."S ^ ^ o> 
■c -c = -sL-s.-^ E E 4= 
o. O.C £•£•£• <u a) <u ^ 
<va>cua>a)ci>x:^^ u 
OOOOOOOOO 



J2Eo 
c >.•- 
SB.C 5 

sis 

ffxi -o 
_ a> a> 

— .S .E 

|6o: 



•c c 



o-c 

a>"5 



»* 3 o.T 



0.0 £ 

oKffjgE, 
j:co oS ui 

>p co >_ 2 c 

?£oE co 

<9 u)g? S2"co 
" — "* «> fa 

B<»<«|cO« 

c c c a; ^ c ■ 

CO CO CO Sv-O—^- 

co co ro q-§ co ^ 
0.0.0.0.E ^ a> 

■O TJ T3 TJ T3 »: m 

jjOjajajajajcpg 

£««««« Jo o 

o •§ § •§ •§ § o ^ 

=5550000 

OOOOOO 



0) au c 

to <u at 

l8.i 

•9-n E 
^ o-S 

&$' 

w co co 



^E 
a> >> 

?! 



A. O 



<" 2 2 — — 5 2 — S — — 



„_«2 
a> o 00 
w o o — 

OOcm 



E 

it 

E« 

a> a> a)"-g 
c c c-V 

:== <u to 

S'Sgf" 
P2^2 
-■S2°tf, 

■C-C O^q 
99 = 95 
O O-OCMTT 






0)-D 

C. 1 

COIC^" 

■g- -o 



m 

ESS 



a) 
■o 

I : « 
CO • o 

a> I.-k 

IgG. 
2.Ss 



Urn 



Q) g 

cgE 
o 2 co 
= o c 

3 3 CO 

0>5= JZ 
<D 'CI *? 



c li' 
«St."JJ N 

5oio5 > ? 



8 5"c 



0) 



£E 



OO W 0£ 

J- J- w i- O 



P o o 

J= JZ 

99 

t^-CNI 



^ , 5*T- 

Or O: 
O go 



OSOE 



CM 



'ai£o 
•o.c c 
to" 07 ? 

,.-■*•* 

i^^cm" 

I 2 o g 

i^OO 

900 



O^r di 



• -> ?" o ? "c - 

IS-is-lSf-g. 

oo«Poo5o<i) 

o o >• o o -S o c 
££trr ur a> 
OO »00 coO-Q 
^•cvi cbcvi di 



D-14 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



5 . 



I§ 



OOOOOOnOOOIVOOOOIOOOIOOrOIOOOOO 
gOOOOOOrOrrOOOrOOOrOrineoOOfflCO 

ff5qqoooooo©qc\io©ooo©oi75pc\ic\uoeoc\jio 
i- in to to to in rv t- to i^ co t^. to to r^ i- to n- cm eo^Fcoco 



oomoooooooooo 

OIOCOCOLOIOOOOOOOO 
NNNNWSOOOOOOt- 

o>o>o>o>r*-'cMr^*tcMtbtb^ : oi 
cm 3F ** in in in in in 



ocm 
to cm 



CM CM CM CM tf) CM in C\l CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM 



a> 



>.co 
x o 



-St a) 

co c 

if 



— O C 
■feji.2 

boo 



0) S 0) - ._ 
■J5 ' 8 "S <S a> c £ 

g||8gi^ :«» 

(0xgtOtOtfltfltOC0° 

O <i)— a> a> a> a> a> c £ 
S i^5.— co co co co co .c <j> 

ce-icM^EEEEfccc- 

cocococccococococococo 

ooooooooooo 
OOOOOOOOOOO 



& 

Hi 
g£ 
con 

II 

I"! 

<u u 

cvi'n 
EE 
.2.2 a> " 5 

a.S.t5iS^J a) 
— & «s ~ & .S 

.o.a.Q_. - 
o o o o o o 
OOOOOO 



So 

°i 

a> e 



«E 



5 >* 
o o. 

(D O 

a> c q. 

co .3'f£ 

II :Sll^ 

=5 °-o a «;§ g c-2 5 
c-1 i-cu'o O. 



Sgfzts 

g OV? glTJTJ Sr>.o ££> = .£._ 



.£ o 

12-^° a * e 



<o €.2 &. i5 & H g >-2 € g-E f 

^S E §22 | Ec-S.-ci-ciz 2 

gEg8EEgggEEE6.i 
ocooo<oaiuuEa)ce«oT3 

tS 8M 883318 88tS8 

ZOnZOOZn 



11 11 
o o 



11 11 
o o 



CO CO 

■& 33 
c c c 

888 

_ „ „ _ o o o 
OOOZOOOO 



CO CO 

5 '5 

3 "5 

c c 

88 

o o 

00 



E 
« 

a o. 

10 o 
a> o. 
c o 

II 

11 E 

.2 E n Z. 
^gZ 
u) </i o) '■t; 

"tj-g-g « _ 

'"'o'OT3<J 0) 

CO CO CO "IT CO •£• 

— — tJ — CO 

ooo-S'SS 
c c c E c c 

888l8§ 

o o o^o ° 

000 o 



5!952252™2 .53 



E'E 
a co 



o o 

3 3 

c c ^ 

8 8« 

o o M 

00 



-r-OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOt-OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCMOOOOOOOO 

mioooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 
oooooiooaoooooooooooooooonqioqsooi-ioooMNqoqqqn 
oocoT^irir^cboico^r^T^^T^^oiricAicMiricor^ooo^in^oiwco^io 

T-incO<Or^COOOCOCOO>COCO'-Ot-0-i-"<l , OOOOT-'-000>COO>CNICMCMCMCMCMh-.r^CMI^OCMCOCOCO 
'-OTCDin^- •<l"'l-^f CO CO »~ f^ CO CO CO CO tO CO CD CD CO in CO CM CMCM-r- IOt-t-i-i- 



tnmin co 




c92 
OcmO 



■S-E'T.iff.n-B co Inn * " " g « « -2 

z « 9l 2 2«-g ee i £■£ g a| 8e 2 

oSS-50 2 0&2-&e-S-2-««ic5SS.I|l 

Sow W°S°°5S°°S2 0000000 

cm in coO^OOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 



£: co 
O to 

g|a>£2l' . <D 




•f^E.'feS Scccgs n ff3 c 
n o o o-o E || 1 .2.B >.■>.>.■> = 

2 2 2 2 2 Sice- E E E E E co 
.E £ £ .E .E .£ E £ E o co co co co co x 
oooooo 222» = g = = §g 
jc £ jc ^ £ .c ^ £ i: .£ .£ .£ .£ .£ .£ .£ 
OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 



co 
■53.2 



S 2 3 cu 



■SB co co 



a> a> at a> 
c c c c 
0000 



■5.«.y.9. 

bbbbbbbb 



D-15 



Appendix D 



I§ 



«g 



ooooo 
oS o> c\J -r^ ^ 
i- co t^- r^. n. 



o oooooo 
o oooocno 

O OOOIOOO 

oo diocbcicvir 

T-COOOQ CM 



_ • QO O O Q 10 

qpqq^w<t*uS(Owoin o 

to i- to m- ■>* oi tri iin itb oo c\j cb cd cb 

t~ oo m •* *fr CM CO CO r- CO 00 <J> CO CD 

to i-T- n- ■* L75 n. i75 i- 



OOOOO OOt-i-OOO 



O ^OO OOOOOOOOOO 

* CMIQO OOOO OO O OOtO 

O Olqp CMOOOO OO OOCM 

cb cb ^ CD CD CO 00 CD O CO CD Tt- 00 cb 

CD CDpOCOCOCM*- Tj- t- CD lO CO CO 



COCOlOlOCJlOOCOCOCOCOi 



S^co 

co ini5 
O C0!5, 



QcQ g 

O co°~ 
ojo. a> 

O 

o° o 



E°- 

3lO 

E~ 2 c 
3.fc CO 
o> co.c 

O Q.~ 

i; _ CO 

a5 E « 



. a) co: 



•=■5— — -£ w o 

D-VOO ?2 CJ 
E o.o£0 



a> <uc\i 

O CC.9 

LoSS 
fo o o 

666 



CO 

■ ■ to 

co c ■ ■ E co 

,_ 0) • • 3 CO 

<S 2~ :'c c 

„ cu a> ■ o 5= 

CJW <" ' c"0 
rS N CO 
■g ^ C CU CO CO 

> c toTJ - - 

J2 to -Q s "9 !9 

£■5.0 o o 

^^S:cu toaJ 

. o io O Q..9 
= T3 » Q.2 = = 

■p ■ ~;=.^3 3 

rri i e CO CO 

.S^tO 5 0) CO CO CO 

— *" g C C C C 

CO CO il CO CO CO CO 

2 2 "■= 333 
OO OOOO 



03^5 

i 55 >» c 



«>. 



CM .5 « 

co co? 

•i£CM 



o3 P • -^..c 



aT.9 S.OBO* 

■2=>.-c5 5-2.1 

■s^-S^co'toS 



Q.CVI 
CO 9 jT">.-C 



oco1o£P-£-2 £c 
5.o°o9 s?oe ><g->> 



o u 

CO CO 

■0-0 — 
3333 a.: 



% „S.S.J«co^ : S^£-5.gQ.g 
■iiifg&gS.gsgSgg 

iooi§LS|o|^«i>ig,S 

O S 800*020^0 O 



i2 £■ 

5 « 

01 CO 
Ol'tj 

E to • ,_ 

9£3°SS°«° 
l8^«^-co«.»« 
"Bco-SScoto-SloS 

T3 fc-^ CO CO C0T3^ CO 
STJ^^SESSoS-y CO 

S-«-a g-S <2 ff-g S a> 52 s 
9-o"oE.cJ5EjcuS2-£« = 

gccocoocu.2.c.E.Ea.c/> 

co ^.00 .0 o ,0 .0 .0 _o .0 

>> co"o"oo"0 , "o"o"c3"o"o"c3 
coOOOOOOOOOOO 



1- 1- O) CM cm cm 00 
^" CO CO CO CO ^t 



CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM 



lOt^OCOCDOCOCMCTJCD-i-tO 
ti-tCMCDCOlO'tCMCMCDCD 



CMCMCMIOCMCMCMCOCMCMCDCM 



OOOOOOOOOOOOO 
OOOIOOOOOOOOOO 

oooooa>toooooo 

CMCO'^-oS'tOCMcdcbt^CMcdcM 
COOOO>COOOCOCMI^IOIOO>IOCM 
t- CO to CD CD 00 r^ t- coco 



8 



w: S„-E 



.aJ a) 



Cto^-E 
co c co^iS 
.9 J "SO 
o) to E o 5 

loo?.S 
g a. 10 cm is 

to to to to" co" 
■9 "9 "9 "9 "9 
"o o 'o 'o 'o 

CO CO CO CO CO 

o o '5 '0 '6 

■5 -5 -5 -5 -5 

c c c c c 
ooooo 
ooooo 
ooooo 
OOOOO 



= 1 

* u jo 



TJ^ 



_E 
<o£ 



O.E5 

0>g.3« 

■co°-8o 

OTJ .£ 
« C-o Io 
. 10 "0 

■^ •!= a> « x: ^>£ 

„ -_ ^- "25 
o^^£ o^S-o-K 
«..*.£ ?^>.S 

CO CO CO CO 



2oo 5 2 g 



£ :J 



? 2£'M^ a '* <u " a '"co"'E"^-g£." 
? to <" JS. o E E 'E 'E •- -S. V ° !2 *r" 
?^g i? 2 JSJ5J5J5. 1 ^S. | £. ° 




<35§o'E8888§o8l8| 
'ow B2iiBoza. 9. 




:■= 0.Q.0.0.0.0.Q.E E 
■™ooooooooo 

000000000 



o CO 
is c 

o o 

g to 
■c'r 

o o 
00 



25! Q. 
to 

i«i 

off- 

00 



D-16 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 









ooooooooooooooooooooooooooo o o o o 

NOq8§o5ioNoSoinoT-oonoo8oNOOoooooo 

i- co oo 05 cm i- iv r^-cvjco r»-rv cvi r»» cm coco <£><£> scomin^ 



oooooocoooooooooo 

SpoiOQOT-onoonooQo 
Noqo)iOT-qNqnoooT-o5w 
cvio6c\ji^c\iooioo>'4 : a>rvioo6'^ : K(b 

So i- cm <o io rv ■* ^ t- * r- co cm ■* 
tD Q> i- i- CM i- CO CO 1 * (0(0(0 




> C Sic ■ =-4<" o."o 

■ co « gi&aZ an? 
abboi5zbhbi 



o S 0-0:5 S 
o-.c o - w ^ a) 

<* E £ E 10 

ai o c t o ■ 
c c.co.cb gs 

E EQQ e9 
.S .5 co <d .55 t— 

bbi-'ubr-' 



oooowooooooooo oo«doooo aooooooo oo ocooooocnoooiooo 

OOOC000OOOOOOOOO 0)00 00 t-ONOOIOOO Tt 00 OtJ-Ot-OOCvIOOOOOOCM 

UOIOOCMCMOOOCOOOOOO U)r;NONC>0 OOr-CMOCMOOO !i-; I*. COOOOOOOOCOIOOCOCT) 

oi^tooDtbodcM^tcboioi^cM^r oJ^-^-irioiiocb eo^iOT^ed^-'^i^ • ebi^ T^oaio^-ocMODi-icdcMcoT-^ 

NQnnaaoontooxDCftO) co o> a> <o m a> cm i-*p)*K)cjo>r <oo o<o cvioisoNco^ota) 



MDt- (MOD «9(0 




a 



!Sf£;| 

g « « Q.-5" 

.2>>£z:S... -8 ■ c So-'-" 



0.* 
o 9> 
N 2 

c 5 

0) o 

■OS 

II 
o£ 
io-S 



§2 N 

E >>» «o 

£ll A - 




D-17 



Appendix D 



I§ 



0000000100000000000000000 

oono*Q*«oinmoooooooooQQOo 
cuocoiocoiqincopcopo>inqpq^cviOT-iftwoo 
^tbcoocoi^oco^r^owtooiriwT^-r^cxicvicvir^^evi 
f>-T-inioino>wwcococDTfioeocM!-QQQQQi^Qio 
coo> cm (Otooooo i- i- tF rf * tF * co ^r i- 



oooooooooooooooooooooooo 

OOWQOOOOOOOWQOOOOOOOOQWO 

qqwiBoqoqqqr;r;iSoooooooiflinoo 
^rvK^oo^cbaicMT^co^cdcM^^CMOco^cM^cb 
r^ t- id q t^. m r- 1^- 1^ oo ud co co o <o w co o co in to en <r> 

t- ^-lOCD (0(0(0(0 (OCO00CM COCOCM OJCOCD 




6 :© 









0(0(5 y 0)r= (p % 
35 o a.o o o o 

§isi999£ 

■S o _o CM ^- CO D 
QQ cm" co co 6 



2 o o 



— 2 



^■F.o^ 



El" 

9Sco< 

E O.co" 



Oo 



^CM'^ 

C >» 

£EJ? 

s|f||li«^| 

■*t- glow >>>«j2 <ps= 

°2-22Ea222 
■2 °%° 0=5:50 o o 
ft .c o-c-c o o-c-c-c 

9'9|5q||999 

CO CM .O ^- CO O .O CM CO tt 
CO"cm"Q t-'t-"Q Q t-"t-"t-" 



= 03 

ajjo 

>»>s 

fJE 

Ea 
co^> 

°E 
»i 

9i 

CO .9 
CM~b 



OOOOOOOOOOOOCM 0000000000000 oocoooooooo 0000000000 



0000000000000 

OOOOOOOOTtOlOOW 

r^ow^i^cdoSooScci^-oScM 



00000000000000 

OCOOOt-IOOOt-OCMOO 

r^eoocoocMT^cMirJoSoi*^ 



OOTi-OOOOOOO 

i-;OJcoqppioppiq 
cbcbcbcMcboocMcbiri 



OOi-OOOOOOO 
OtJ-IOOt-OOCOOO 
T^OOOCMCOCOOt^COCO 
WCOWCOCMCMCOCOCMIO 
T-1-1-CMO 



■* co en co 10 ■* en o> in ■* co co m co m 10 10 co co 10 co co 1- 1- 1- 1- co co co 10 tj-w tn co co co 

t-OOOt-i-OOi-i-OO*- t-i-i-i-©Oi-00*-*-*-i- OOOi-t-i-i-t-OO 



Q.03-D 

!9~ x 

OBc 



CD : 



>JE 10 E 

C Q-d) 3 

2 2.E=e 

■52F o 

>\Etj a) 
E ~ co *s 

™S. c O 

ai9£>£ 
_*v 10 .2 ,5 
Qcm'QQ 



C (0 

a) <0„ 

cE« 

o o.S 

■R Q.CJ CJ 

CM OOU . c ^ — "O 



&=§ oo»£5c2w" 



o(Miil£°?SS=- 



ONSSOIS-C 00S 

n A >» >» >\d >> £ £ £ S 
(OSnnn—nP^^SJS 

gBCCcQCoggCB, 
itOOOO Z ;Q 9 CO CM => 

i-'*bbb zq q.cm"t-" 




. £ a>:= 

* o c c: q)t- 

sliifi 

-9 E £-9 E -9 

Q O OQ OQ 

'CM -O -Q (O -9 CvJ 

^-"a L5 cm"q t-" 



D-18 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



E . 



ooooooooo o oooooooo ooo 
oioSoooonp o oocmooooo poo 
t\ioi«Jr^T^cvioo6io iri co tocoedcor-'r»;,-: © in eg 



ooooooooo ooooooo 
tooooooo Qooggoo 

IOO(DTt OOOOOOOO 

c\i m eb r-^ co o cm 



i8nooooio« 
cvir^r^oSodcvicior^ 



co co co co m in co co in ■* uj 10 1- co in 10 t-~ cm ^tioio incMincMin to cm cm cm t- cm co co id cocococowoo 
■rf 1- t- r- 1- co co in in in co n. co co co cm h- cococo cor^cor- 1- r*~ p~ r- f- a> r- r^- *- t- 1- *- *- -i- 1- 



o co 
cdE" 

g^o not: 
o o _ o 

TJ oS 10 = 



C o CO oa*" 
t Q.C 3 - - 

fc CD CD <D S S m 
J) CjQ NTJTJ g 



«.£ 



Q)Q) 

ra 15 

(/> CO 



■O u o 
a) a> a> 



EEE 

ooo 

c c c 

I CO CO CO 

1 0) a> 0) 
>5oi5 



o«^S2 
wgro-go 



0) 

>. 
£-£ 

-* . CD O <D 

C N o ££ o 
0) c c 2 o> CO 

£$■5* g>» 

o"-£> ,, «>.££ 

2 o a> o c-s; 

!■£££■ 8 



&wif!f1« 

, <xEE c £EcEx 



.E -o o cd co co E 

d.oS'aag 

— ^~o a> _ _ E 
Q 55"° <"> o>.e 
2 .m ■* 72 .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 ° .2 ° .2 tin) .2 .2 .2 zia ^ Q Si.a) 

ZNNbbbb" >ri ^ ^ •"• --■■"' •■■-•^ - - -'•-••'-» 



oogJg^SSS^E 
^ .2^.2 £££.£?£ .2 



<- c 
a> co 

«£ 

°.2 w. .i - i. - .=. 

Q owbbbaci cmcmQ 



0^0 

lo» 
E c^ 

OB — >* 

?c.E 

O C8T3 

«0 ■5,'E 

?:£•= 

?Jo S4 — 

■=£>OCM£ 

>> o) v >*co jc. 

tt)_^ - o> o g 

*o £• i ESc 



_ E 

ClB^O 

■0 • s? $ 

co -5, E T co 
°ijj &-oo,2 



c g> 



'EiS . 

:a>- <0 E« 

!?Ed« 

-• £ 3 -- CO 




>«"2*9"2 
2 o o o 
E cd a) ce 

S o o o 

.0 -= *= *= 



o5£ 
2-o 

TJ.C 

CO o 



?^Sl^E9sfff9i5?| 

<o vO *^Q o "o Z_ ce .2 .2 .2 * m Z aj 

co cm Z co Zwbbbznzb 



#x cd co co _ _ ... _ 

q^^A OOO 

•§ co teco SL°.°. 
^000 ^*^*-^* 
">*Q 00 oiotoi 
£ jc \sz\c a> a> a> 
SsSrccc 
s222Si!S 
s >.>»>>><>« >< 
urrrrrr 
!o a! o) a> fli) al a> 
DbbbSb 



ooooooo 
ooooooo 



OOOO NO CO 

0000 mo t- 



00 00 O 00 CO G> O) 0> 0)0>0>0> 



o oooooooorcoooooinoooi-oor^ooom 

coco in ^ cd cocdin^cD^cnrocood^'o^cMcD^^NCMi^^i^i^i^co 

•»-in co in 1- t- -^ co co co m t- co co co ••- co co co m ST-t-oii-miOi-co 

1-1- 1- '-'-CMCMCM '-CMCMr>- 7- 1- ■•- ■* N- h- N- Wet 



s ■■■ 
His 

lit • E-o 

oB-ofe 

*5oeS 
cm 1 a>.= co 

SiOJ (0T5 CU 

■o o'ripo 
'o'o'o'o'o 

CO CO CO CO CO 

..OOOOO 

SC 0) d) CD O) CD 
SOCJOOO 
— c CO CO CO CO CO 

I.E.|g8888 

CO > C CD CD CD CD CD 

.ex: 1 Q.Q.Q.0.0. 

**ssssss 

E E55SS5S 

O 0££CCCC 

C1.000000 

O O'-- "— *JT !2T ■.= 



. c 

:'e 

. a 

i_ • >« 

cS» :£ 

SfigE 
a 2E2 

o oc « 

,<2 coS o 

ssrs'I 

o o o~ 

co co co Q. 
- o o o S 

•■& u'SS? Q. 
0>±: CD CD CD-^ 

o 10 o o o >> 

CO CO CO CO CO S 

o.£ 000W 



0.0 0.0.0.0 
o c o o o-2 

"™oooo 
b 



Jc o 

_ _ <5.9 S.S2 

~QQQQQQ£QoQQQ 

o4SS*44JH. 
cm" cmoTcm'cm 





■5^ 



O I Q Q cm" cm" cm" cm* cm" cm" 



O M£ O 

Si ■* ** o ■* 
«?»o"cm.x: - 



- O = r\r£ -c -c -c -c: ox: o 6 
3"t o£l. a> 000 0= o £ £ 

• c ** : 94-eqq'qq9q£-S 

Sm-- >>cDCMcoco-*tire2 
co"i-"t-"cm"co co"Q Q 



11 
II 

E*0 

c o 

CO CO 
■OT3T3 

'D'o'o 

CO CO CO 

000 
'ooo 

C III 

cd a 9 2 2 <o o <» cd ys a) >,>, 

co ,« 10 co OS c -SS—^co co <q H -g 



™ - wt vj v* v — ^ ^r ^r "^ w* ">v »m ^» ri) 

5^i?x?x? s i i xi?5?cc c#l 

X-r="& - a."5. Q - c <' - -5 <D CD CD CD CD CD Jg^ 

o. o ■=■■=■■=--= =5 o ■=:■*= x: o.o.a.™2 

O X CO CO CO C £ S-JI-TT-Tt-TT-J™ S-ff 



D-19 



Appendix D 



5; O 



I§ 



OlOOOOOOO 



* oci oo d ^ * o> d 

CO CN CM CD N- CO C\J ^C 



ooco 

OQO) 

oo*o> 



cocoKm-i-co 



ooo 

•* CM IP 



0) 
T3 

a> 
(2 x 

2E 

10 . 

a> a> 
■dob 
x£ 



C0t- t>- y--r-y- 



a> 



io r^coco^-coo) cncom 



00 O ^* 00 O O >— ' ii **j *.-j »_» i"j ivi «_* > — ' **-> m/ u w > — ' *— W 

co tbiridobddcod ooidcjcvi^r^-'cJi-^oooioioo 

to en cd io <o oj to co t- oo r- co to r- r>- r^ to 10 io m co 

¥- i- (ono r«-r>- coctjoocm 



9 3 



: c e.O-JJc co 



lis 

£*•§ 
E*S 

!.sSgf 

-. ■ - . I s - *7 o <° *. 
£,0) E 111 Q) T'5 >, 

^TE |EE w -n g 




^s^ e#° 

.9.2aT5E<i! 
■ D "Or 5 -§ : 5- 

03 Ki(2? N 

•£ •£ a> .£ io to 

siK?v:-? -a •«- 5 9.9e1|x , o: 

■ocvi gwto 2~ a>^i5_ o c " ".2 £ 2<o 

•ocM-^cvTm-oSw.g^ g^S.y.y g-fl s« 

-o 2£ 2 2=9 S 2 o 40 .™ 2 >>11 a£°2 

S/C CD "O T3 O £ T3 >*\l .9 -O E 99-^ Q.T3 T3 

9 b 1 3 q fi| a * -o -o b "o "° -° | "° b b | 

i-CO—OOCO cu C OJ ^-£ £ 00 .-£££>—•£ IOCVJ — 

co"cvf cvTcvTcmcoi-" QQr-'QQQ Ocm"t-" 



5? to 
a>T5 

9 >> 

*o 

U» 
a> c 

SI 

82 

CD Q. 
>.■>. 



a> a> 

SI 



CO a) 

aTJi.2 
po« 
x.2a) 

O =3 O 



E 
5 

II 

it 

o£ 

CO >> 

t3 



:g CTCC CDJOx) 

■--tpi? 

*i /i. c m -n S; V 



r-QQQQQQ 



ooooooooooooooo 
oooooooooooooooo 

COOOOOOOOOOOIOOCOCOO 



t- CD CD CD CD CD CD i- CD CO CM CO 



•LOCVICMCMCMCMCMLOCM-i-CMlOCVW 



>>— s ■<= •* 2 c e ±= 
c o ™ a.,7- e <u co a> 

s.-I=£ e J , JSfag 

2§-2-2 2g2S:-o 

♦r "J a) TJ T3 S-TJ X >, 

ooo^o^2£ 
bob eUT-'b cm"Q z" 



=!>>«£ 

o 9 tu-= to 

co ><p O 0) 

a) >tj g a? 
.gSio.9* 

^■ce"?^^ 

— —>>>> 9- 
>>>u=.c co 

„££"5-5 



■vvCCTS 

?ggs?s?s? c 

a) S 2 o o o a> 

|99§5i| 

crZZco^ri.9 

ZZt-VcoE 



■c-goj 

^ >sX 

ox: o 

_ E E E 

O <D 3 = 3 

■J! co .E .9 .9 ai 
9-.9-EEE.9 
>>"S^^5 E 
£_iS iSiSiS 
*.&■.&.&•£•.& 

E 3 3 3 3 3 
ODDDJ3J3 
"DOOOOO 
9 .52 .52 .!2 .52 ,!2 

bbbbbb 



000 00000000000000000000000000000 

OOO OOOOOOOO OOOOOOOOOO-r- OOOO OOOOOO 

000 qooooonoooooiooooooffiooiaoiOi-oq^io 

cviooiri oo OT^rvcow^oo^ooor^o^i^odoo^cvii^cxJooaicncDwcbin 



as 

lP 

Z, C o 

3 CO CO 
E= » 

o o 5 
° = = 

a> a> SiSS 



CO 



iS^'o'o'o Q) d> ^-m 

S5"-o3$S«?eS™.2 

E-£l2oooooooco2. 

CUgJcUCEEECCEX:? 

]5;oj8E EEEEE EaSa) 
ooooooooo3'o'o~- 

OOOOOOOOOOOOE 
■i» ^^ "^^ "^^ "^. "^. *^ "*^ -w -^^ *w »^ ^i 



T3T3 
OO 
CO CO 

2 9 
'e'e 
o o 



o o 



a. a. 

CD 0) 

E E 

^^ 

__ >%>. 

lisp 

»- cu a> 

See 

g-ra co 
oc c 
jg a) a> 

(0 Q^O. 

~^^: - - - ~-Z ■-»"»" 

000000000000 -E = e'e 
ooooooooooooees9 ' 

,>».>».>>>>,>».>».>>.>•.>«.>•.>■.£" CO CO -9 .9 ♦; 
0>0)0>0>0)0)0)0)0)0)0)0)*E'E4SJ3 CO 

cuo)Ci>cDcucL>ajaia)<D<Dcu'S"5£S' n 
eeeeeeeeeeeeee£5 E 
.9.9.9.9.9.9.9.9.il*.2.9 w oi a> — — 5 
>>>>>%>i>,>«>%>.>,>,>.>,>.>.i > i>= 

a> a) a) cu S^a>a>a>"cuQ)a>a>aJ.— .^? co 

b b b b b b b b b b b b b b SS. 




e ex: o 
* a; 0) = 

££9 2 

9 90 Q 
bbo""" 



? ? ? ? ct ir ? ? ? iririri?x?iriririrb 9 a 9 9 9 a ir 2 e' 

i-i H i-i H o H i-i i-i r> i-i l-i i-i i-i i~i i-> r-i H (-1 ~s? mrr-. "~ 



bbbQQQDQDQQDQObOQQr-'ZcoZzdribQQ 



D-20 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



|o 



I§ 



OlOOOOO oooo o ooo 



cMCMqr^ q 
c\i co co co ^ r^ 

CM ID O) CO <D T- 
CM COW (O* 



ot?5oq cq 
t cr> toco <0 

COI^COCO CO 



OOO O O00000l0000)000000000i-00 ooooo 

ooo o ooooooonioo^ogorinoooffiooo cooooo 

9>c»o cm oiSnoons qoqi^^iqcocoqqiqiqippeq ^-ooop 

i^t^co cb oS O) o> * o <b r^ 10 o) co ^ tv w oi d ■<- co ^ in d co i^ iriiotbco^- 

(0(0(0 <o (O (0 (0 N. f^ CO ^ O O t- W CO i- W ^ * CO TT O) CO ■>- CM Cp0>0)CM0> 

COCOCO CO CO CO CO CM CO CM CO CO i- CO CO CO OWOO COCO ^CMCMCMCM 



coi-cMinin* ■tfcoioio w loiom w in in io in in m o> co co co w in co o> cm m cm co r^ r^ co cm cmioiocoio 

T-T-T-T-,-,- t- O t- 1- «- I - T- 1- 1- 7-»-»- T-T-T- OOOl-T-1-O OT- T- T- O 000»- T" 1- I— «- 1~ 



S2 W 



EZ 

tt 

o~ 
uQ 
a) q. 

la) 

CBT3 
111 

EE S a^A^ 

"5 "6 .5 5 >5 a> a> 

OOj ufi coo 

• •g.iig«* 



fSSEEE-SSlJEE 
•5 ™ oj (0 re nj >■ >* S >> re re 
E ">• E >» >• ><s S ■- s >< >< 
■ aJicSaJfl) Ei E*r"E a> a> 
w - E Z.i E E 5 =5 ±9 E E 
O b 2Q bba cm cm b b 



CMOOO)0010t-OOOCMO 

ih^r-icMcvidcMdcoiricdcod 
cor^o*«oco«ocou3coo<oco 
co r^-N- * CM 




00000000000 

OOIOCOOOOOOOO 

ooiooaiooioonwo 

CMCOCOcdCM^lridcOCOT^ 

cotfxotoi^i-tfxor^t^co 

CO O)CMC0 7-N.r^i- 



Oi-aiiDooonNSOMoqoqqiiipooii) 
d^d^ddddr^i^^cMco^r^i^irioScviddco 

IOi-<0 0'4'OOOi-0 00>^'COCO(OC010CMCMCOCOCO 

i-o»-o> io* , «t^- cor^-r^- i^»-i-cm cmcm 



• ioi-io in 10 10 10 >* 10 10 cm co co t 




>«a> 



M- ' 0) 

o a> c 

a> sz o 

— y >• 

O) 



>>o-S 

O) >.£ 

E-=S 



a> ■ 




E-S 




re 2 




c t; 




O ^ 
S> 




«-£. 




(0 c 




vS. 




>«2 




.sd: 




E^ 




■Hpa) 




;z.g 




■Z S 




. 1 c 


a> 




T3 
E 


>» 


: =»S * 


JS 



CD {= 
CO £ :=> 

.Qa> S«^ ' 

£>-§2 2E^ 
3 a> co a>^ a) 
■SEE eS-E 
bbbbzb 



£ -2 a>^r=5£ a> = S.S g 



EwSSs-Sso^Too 

££Og£ >,£ 2£S* 



E.o.oQQcoE^S.cmZZ 
Q cm" cm" E Q.CO Q T-"nr-'ZZ 



D-21 



Appendix D 



£5 



5J§ 



oooooooooom 

oiooooooooon 
o'tSiiDOO'-'-oaio 



T-1-T-1-T-l-^CO* 



OOOOCMOOOO 

SOi-Ni-OlOQW 
OCMCMOOCMIOCO 

^cMcbcbaioucbiricb 

CMCOtOlDCMCOtDCMtD 
00 CM OOi- 



OOCM OOOOO O OOOOOO OHIO 



55i 
ob^'^aicicMoicMo^^^ooco 

lOOOan-COOJCnOlDTi-QQCMCMCM 
i- o •«*■ t- 5f CM co ■*^F^coooco 



OCMO 



ft 

Eo ° 



«5« 

o 9 o 

_L _L _L fl) _L »= _L 
>>>»>.♦; >."' - 

qqq oq 

iv i>L rL .!2 ri. 



axq 

S'-, 

cE 
Q-ii 



nof, 



o o . 

aa#"£i s 



Is 

CO X 



c >. 
CO X 
Q.O 
2£ 

a. co 



iS-53 



00 CO CO CO CO 



olg»»«»i?oa<» • 
c t> cotS o t3 U o n J. t ■ 

^gco£\o«>rT<D5.o8.": D 
, * -5.-5.i5 ■^■^■^M "5. 9 £ 1 

i.1 1 £.i eee Ill's? 

OQQa>QQQQa>Qa>.' o> 

Q-r^ pi. # E is. is. pi. pi. # E ^fr _E Z_ ^t 

co co Q co co co'co'Q "tfQ Z~ 




O (DOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO o o o 

in CMOOOOOOOOOOOT-OOr-OOOOlOOOOU>OOOOOOlOOlOOOmoiOOO o o o 

o ooT-ooot- ooooooii-oicoooioiooooorinroqrsio^oeqoooinoo pi-;© 

cb <bcoa>c0o>o^^^u)co^i^uSrvi/ju)cb^cM^(riuDad<b<bi^co^^ <b io n! 

o> <Dcocncoco*corv^rv*cocMrvcoO)cocMcocMcOT-coevio>o)coocMcocMi-cocococococO't coco co co co 

CM i- ^ CM t- t- 1- 1- t- t- t- t- TJ- CO CM CM ^COt-IDi-CO^OCUCM *0*«»***'-i-t-'-t-t- i- t- t- 



C0'= 

x E 
a»c 

x: >, 

go 

S.-I 



mil sip 

XI O * g.fi.W UN 

"D "O "O "D "D "D "O "D m nt 

OO'O'OOO'D'Oc c 

COCdCOCOCOCOCIJCO-— — 



■cow 



Sm 
go 

- .Is 

o o 
o> <5 

SS Q.Q. 



25 
z* 

5?. 



.9 c 
cod. 



O)ii-o 

S/5 «« 



O^fO o^T 
•*^C0^ a> 1 ! r J . 

"3.E „, 2.5-Si'E A.9>o 




£• 


>. 


a> 


(0 ■ 


Z 


c - 




_l . 


Q) 




s 

a) 


a> 





"S 


(D 







09 


•■5 

■ c 


9 


■ 0) 


CO 


Its 


c 


:fl 


0) 

TO 


:9 


CO 


•«D 


T3 


iejf 





: u> 


<q 


■9 


T- 


■■>. 


■>. 



D-22 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



J|! 



5>5 



oooocoooooo 



CMCOI^lOCO'tCRO^-Tf 

tocowoin mono 

CO 00 CO CO i— i— 



oooooonioooioooooooooooooooooi-oinoirnioioooo 
oooooo<o<or^-i^-oQOOOooooooooooo<o<or^-t~-.cocococoooo 
noipnqqri^rii-iqqqooooqqoT-qqqootMtMCMeMcjcMwwoqq 
^^coibcococococortujodo>c\ip^cdocviuitbr^^io«bt^c6o>c>o 



a) 



— a> 



as 

£= o> <y o 

ills 



tgco 



3> a> o2 <o 55 
o o S « E g 

O O O X o o J> 
O O O o o c s 
>>>>>> CL>>'o S l„ 
0>0>0>0 OIO 2>CM 



COWOO) 3 . „ _ „ 

OlDlfiSSv OCOOOJt- 

<o^^r-r- -d •* mmiotoococoootococn 

o* *> W \* \* lJ T"'"C\INN00(OO>T-T-T-T-T- 



toSE 

■§.0) *.c Q.JU = 

i is <d 0) >•—■= _ _ ~ w ~ _ -, 
9-re iES'E. >>>>>> cl>>'o 2 

>•££« So2 £ 0>0>0>g c»o g 
fir t Q. ! 5J5'?: 0) CJ 0) Q.<D~_ — 

» o.o.g^s » >.£ c c c >.c >«>.y 
-c ir l ^-cQLca<i)<i)<i)><a)tt q. * 

— * *- «*— ^— i *— r* w *— ^ *— •^ *— c r~ <M 

Z o. a. g.cb aVaaa q.5 a. t v 2: 

zbbb^bbbSSb 000000000000000000000000000000000000 



J£ JC Jtf J£ Je: JC j,; ' 

•) o o o o o o a>o><D<i><i>a><i>a><i>a><i>a>a> 



a>coi- 
a>T-co 

i-CMCM 

a> a> a> 
CD CD CO 

TST3T5 
a> a) a> 



CM CM CM CM CM 

a> a> o) a> cu 
CD CO CD CD CD 



'irxocSS? 

> CO CO >,^ *^ 
CMCM-o C C 

.2.2.1; S 9 

CO CD X3CQ CO 

t3T5T5tST5 
co <u a> o) <d 





_ «0._ 



C ST3 



Q-a, a) 



>a> 



2o 



a. 
03 o a> o 

a> a> c£ 

00 0-5, 
a> a> ™ x a) a> 



£28 

8g* 






SQQ 
Q co cm" 



■15 



Ecm" 



oobbcb 

uS to to \h D ■* 
co"cm"cm"co" olcm" 



>>5-Q.a5g*g E clo) 5 

c >.>.>.>. S o T _— c JS 

.occccaot >>.&• a o 

3-S. oooooe-syyx>s 

^Fi ccccc^roooo 

cm'o booobbbbboQ 




4 ><J- 5i 9.^- a. 9. 9. 9-cm 2 9-.9-.9-" .9.9.9.9.9.9-.9 
t-"cm"'o b b cm'o b o b i-~b cm b b b o> o b b 15 b b o 



D-23 



Appendix D 






S§ 



OONnSNC0OOOOOOOO*OOOOOOOOOOffl«)nOT-«i-nMIIOO10WI£IMJIOOOOOO 

oonnn**oooQooooi-oooooooooo*sosooooooinnioooi-wwwooooooo 

OOT-i-i-T-i-OOOWOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO^^i^CViCVlCVlCvimoOCOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

co ^^^^^*iOT^a>cbi^coiri«bcocric\icoirir^o$i^^iria>c\icococo 



n (0 
■_ Q-o 
a> o o 









■ 52 « £ "2 .c a> -o ^■Kioo<N^-coo)Wo-i-'ti^-oooooooo)POcoin S, 1- ' 

■* s^g o a^ y'-ni-wiO(0(0(DNMj)T-i-i-T-T-MeyiwNtonco , oc | __._._._._._ 

, 'T ,0 =SaiOo««oni«4nniini«»iii«»»4i«»««nniiii?5i5SJl£SE£S£ 
! i S g- 2.-S J5 S 22 3 3 5 3 2 3 3322222252 =2222 3S22S2225225S 
; 22= "' gmximmmmmmmmcammmmmmmmmmmmmmBmmcQmmOOOOOOO 



t3T3t3 
a> a> a> 



a> <i>cnEcija>a><i><Da>4><i>a>a)a)<i><i>a><i>a><i>a)<i>a><i>a>a>a><i>a>a)<i>4><i><i)<i><i><i>d)a><Da><i> 



YtTt l- 7 li OQ.(i)<]j<i>(i>a>a)<Da}Q>o>(i}(i}<i><i>a>(i>(i}(i}(i>(i)<i)<i>a)a>a>(i><i}a)<i)(i>a>(i>Q>(i}<i)a>(i)a) 
a) St7 ° ° cLaLa.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.a.a.Q.a.a.Q.a.Q.a.a.Q.Q.a.a.Q.Q.a.a.Q.Q.a.ci.Q.Q.a.Q.Q.a. 

bbbbbb'obz'bbbbbboi5(5bi5bbbi5bbbbbQi5bb(5bbbbbbbbbbbbi5ob 



onooooooooaoooiooooooooo^MDoocxnooioooi^oooooooi-ooooo 

OOOOOOOOOOt-OOOOOOOOOOOOCMOJCOCOCOIDUDOOCOOOOOOOOOOOIOOOOOO 

qqqqqqqqqq'-qqqoqqqqoqqqtviNwwoiwwooooor-ooooooooooooo 
i^^i^T-cvi^cboioaicriocvicoco^cvicrioco^triMT^i^T^i^i^^T^oiuii^^w 

O00<5«<DWW^^t^r^00C000000>0>0>OOOOOWWCJW0JCMC0C\JCJCilC0C0C0mC\IC>JCJCvlC0C0C0'*^-^-l010 

ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 



c c 

> 0) 

a) a) 



Hioto^oiNoOr-S! 
*oa>a>a>a>a>a>a)a> (I) 

r- 0>0)0)0)0>0>0)0) ojCM 



<0 ^ «) CM CO OJ O i 



_<o*rtoc\icoc»©i-coc\ic\icocpcoio<D joinoo>T-o I » » r' '' '^ -»-,-»-» 
o>T-c\ic\jr^r^f-.cocococ\jc\ic\ic\ic\jc\jc\i >>.- <•-<.»-»'.•'.„£$$£$$$$£$££ 

■a-o-o-BT3-o-o-o-o-o-aT}-o-o-n-aT>~-----2i2 2°° °° °° ° ° °° 

m a) ai axi) m Hi u u a, a) m u a; J n « g.9.2.9.9.9 o "m "35 ai ai ai ai "ai ai ai ai a> ai 

artCGCccccarccccccccccircnccccGCcc ^»> 1 >'>s>>>>>>>>>>->> 

t3T3T3t3t3t3t3t3t3t3T3t3t3t5t5t3t3t3t3t;t3t3T3t3t3t3t3t3t3t3t3-Ct3t3t3t3 
a>a>a>a>a>a>a>a>a>a>a>a)a>a>a>a>a>a>a>a>a>a>a>a>a>a>a)a>a>a>a>a>a>a>a)a> 

QQQQQQQQQQIDQDQQQbQQQQbQQQQQQQQbbbbbbQQbbbbbbbbbbb 



D-24 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



J|j 



I§ 



COtDCOOOOOOOO^OOOOO^ftOeOOCOOOOOi-OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

22SS229222S222°'" wol r;HB2!5S!X9S2' no QQOo«iooooooooooQQoo 

ooooqooqoooooo^T-ri-Ni\ii\iqiiiqooiooqoooooot3'-'-'tooona)o?BNN 

oococo^coriotbe6wcM'ttpQOT-T-rr-T-e\icbOTtDc\iuji^^a>©^cbr^« 

tv fs. (v. r^. i>^ (o to to to to co co to to to to to to co to to to *f o> ■«- oo co c\i o>i- t-io moo o> en Sonnwn 




o)O)Q)Q)o>aifl)0a)0ovo)Q)Qia)O4ivQ)O)a) "^.~i 25 ' 
<ua>a>a>a>a>a>a>oua>sa>a>a>a>a)a><i)a>a>a>a>9S>c! 

Q. Q. Q. Q. Q. Q. Q. Q. Q. Q. Q. Q. Q. Q. Q. Q. Q. Q. Q. Q. Q. Q.2Z £ •«= : 

wuuuMMjotoiaiaiAiocacouuinjoioiaiacajfltotoi 

bbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbhbbi: 



E=SD 
3 Q.— 

as u> os= 

£8/5= 

sr £>3^S 
O oo to 

ZQQn 



O-o-g-g-g'o'D i; ■ ■ a; a> jo 

tt'o 'o'o'o-S ,0 *;a)o)CB£'ai£ •■= >*c 

_ co co « cd 9-0 gSlolB V-co-c •l-f^ 



23= = 
=52 « 




qpp-r-T-OpOpppOpOOOOOOOpT-O Or; i-;OT-OOe\IC\JC\JCOCOeqcOCOeOCOCOeOCOCOCOOOOO 

co r^ oo co co o c\i *r co oo o to •* co r>^ oo oo o ^ c\i ■» in tb r^ a> o> o © ^ c\i to to coco coco co^ coco coco coco co^- io iv o 
coco(Dcocorv.i^r^r^i^-aoooooooooaococj>a>o> o>.o> a>a>o>a>oooooo o o oooooooooooooo^- 
cDcotocotococototococococococotococococococo co CD <£><xji^.r-.r~-r--r— r^-r—r— r--f — r~-r--r--p~-r~-r-~r~-r^r^r^r^r^r~- 



■ ' ooco 

■»COO>C0lO 
■^■tvoo-i-i- 



S.S.S.S.S. co r>- o o io o in to *■ co co *- 
g> w o) a> Or to o> i- 1- co io io co co r*. r^ oo oo en 
wcBcBcocB'O'o'O'O'O'O'O'O'O'O'O'O'O'O'o 



KiocoN.ujcoo>N.r>-o>co^ , ooior^.T-cocoiocoooo)c?ioco to r^jo 
rcoc«5co^ioiocor^.r».r^.i^r*.ooT-'i-»-c>icococo^Tri7)S>'-»-e\i 

i- t- t- t- r- r- t» i- r- r- CM CM CM CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO ^--g- -g; -j; 
■OT3T3-OT3-OT3T5T3-DT3T3T5T5-aT3T)-0'0-0-0"0-OT3-0^-S-2-S 

oj<D<t>a)Q)<Da>ci)<i><i><i)<i><i>(i><i)0>ci>ci><i>o>Qj<i><i>oj a>^ o o O 

a: oc oc ie oc oc a: cc oc cc a: octctc octree tree tree tree tree £>>> 



CU0JCD<l>CB<l><PCD<])CUCUCD<l>Cl>CO0JCVCVtt<VCDCU0)0J0dCU<DCD<l>Cl>tDCDtUCO 

22S2i222£2£i22i2£i2i2i2i2 MMWMWMMWMMW i2 w i2i2£i££!2"™i2£22i22i2i2i22K 

<u<DQ}a)^)a>^)0)a>Q>o)o><i>cu4>a>ci><u<i>d><u<i>ci>ci>ci)ci>a>a>(i>CL>ci>OQ>o><i>OJOOJOi><u<i>4j<i)<i}Q>a}o>a) 
a. a. a. cl o. o. a. a. a. o. ex a. q. a. o. o. a. a. a. o. c — --------------------------- 

towwtocooitototocototoiflcoiacacocaiocor 

bQabQbbbbbbbbQQQQQQbi 



D-25 



Appendix D 



co.2 






OOOi-Ot^r-OOOOOOOOOOOOOCOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 
_ _ OOOOOIOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOQOQOQOOOOOOOOOOQOOO 

oooooo ooooqqr;qoqoqqqooooooooNini-inoiflooo^oooooooinomo 

T^cvitoior^od cooooior^ooooeoobo^^oio^coioui^ocviriiocyotbo'tT^ioouiiotD 

cm cu cm cm cm cm NmopinwT-T-ijioioooOT-'-i-i-i-T-NWCMNMDnT-^ cMoor^r^r-- i-cowti-^io 

CM CM C\J C\J CM CM CM ij ■* lO lO 00 00 h- r>- CO CO CO CO 00 CO CO CO 00 CO CO 00 CO lO CO CO -V CO r- CO OOCMTt CM 



CM CM CM CM CM CM 







•r- "5 



T3 CdO 

cdh= c 



SSSSSS&gi-a co cd j&goo ooooooooooooooo E-S « 
3 3 3 3 3 3 c -E E"T >.ooooooooooooooooo = 8 E ■ 

>>">.">.'>,">>">,">,■£ T.^. 2.ESSccccccccccccccc°_trS 
ooooooojSooo. o.<t <Ccococflcococflcococococflcfla;nJca-t>«Q.n> 

""""^^^3-S-SSS CR0)0)0)C3)0>C3)C3)CnO)0)0)O)0)D>0)O)0"S-= 2 

ooooooo B ooood2d5BS2B5BBEdBE2S-o.S>c:c 

QQDQDQD QQQQQDQDQQQQQQQQQQQQQLULUUJLLi 



&° 

xiu >- 
o <i> 

£o"£ 

<u o 

O COjOjc 

aioUfflO >. « c o P 
»J * -T3 ru n ■ c m 

.£ .£ .£ CD •S w c >» * = ~— 

*-*-»-r-U>cCDO - - — 

TJTJTJSIll- a» MM O 
>.>.>. CD - - - 



KSKSJKjNNNjCDO.a 

loo'I'lll'Iggg,! 

Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.a.a.Q.Q.Q.2'2 

LU LU L'J UJ LL! LU LU LU LU LU LU LU 



E _ . U> CD 

BEE'S 
— o o 

M-*-i ii ill ill 



ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 

WCM^OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOIOOOOOOOOOOOOCMOOOOOOOOCDOCM 

qNNqqqoqqqoqqqqqqoqoooioqqomooouxoioaioooooo^Nooootoio 
oS^^ooTfiriodwcMwt^OT^oooicd^cMirir^cocoo^^cMcovrir^co^ 

<D01Cnc0T--i-t^.<f>r^.CMI^.I^N.CMr^<0CMi-CM-i-T-T-7-CMCMC0CMCMCMCMC0t^-I^OOC0'--^l0r^'^-l0t^.^-t^CMI^-CM<0 

en 10 m co 10 in i-oor- cm cm ■* oo co i- »- 1- *- *- 1- *- 1- 1- w i- i- 1- i- cm cm oo cm cm t- n-i- a>oor- cm Wt- 



lOCOCOintOinCMinmCMCMCMCMCMCOCOCMCMCMCMCMCMCMCMCMCMCMCMCMCMmincOCMCMCOCMCMCMOCM 
i-OOi-t-t-Ot-i-t-t-i-i-t-OOi-i-t-t-t-t-i-i-i- 1-1-7- t-i-i-i-Oi-t-t-t-t-t-Ot- 



lO CO CM CM ■<■ lO CM IO 



CO . 
(0 

i« 

3 CO 

II 

a; co o> 

CD CO CO 

-5 => => 

0.(0 u> 




-*.— -_• -- CO >»££ 3 B 

TjSEcn 0.0.(5 <i> ui F £ 

»gi5<SSooS§« 






■o-o « 



CO (0 - 
■D T3 ° CD T> -. 

M «J CD c5^C 




D-26 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



l§ 



Q) O 

COS 



evioooooooinq 
coirii^eboiooi-^ei 



U)t- it) 10 cm cm cm cm co co co co co cococococ 

^ N. ^ *tf- to CD CD CD CD CD CD CO CO CD CD CO CO 



OOOOOOOOi-OOOOOOOOO 

8o?8oOOOOOOONOOOOO 

in cb cd co uj ( 



a>0)0)0>'* COCOCOCMCO oocoooco coio 



oooooooo oooo 

oooooooo mono 

oioooocooo coooo 

o> c\i co •* cd 10 c\i i^ cdTtT^ri 

CD CO CO CO CO CO O) CM lOTt-CMCM 
*f t- CM 



CMCM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM t-- If") CO lO IO IO IO Tt CM CO IO IO 10 ID 




So 

CO^ 

to.* 

°1 

o S2 

gj£|12f|jl!litf 

9-p E Etj 

SoiScfiSSSSSSS 00 

n -S Co JS m ~ -"^ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ™ -*S .*£ 

■ (C: 6 (0 <i>-2- D .-£-9-8-9-£-S-8-2 

- CT CO n-TJ oooooooooo 

T- " c >></> COCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCO 



" ' a> 
2 aj'g 
cum co 

to 1 ** 

CO O 10 



a> a> a> .. ■ p 

»-i r\ i~. rtl ™ #— *M *-^ « 



o a> 
o c 

S'E 
Se3 



a> 



co . 
~ cu 

cE ^"g^X* 



1! 

£CD 
CO-i. 
O O 



-I 



E 
lu 8 



5 u : 




COO- 



• a> 

TJ E 

~ 3 

°E 

«i 

EE 
3 co 

l| 

CO g> 

_g>_co 



>>2 
£3 
a> u> 



ran 
ff-ooS 
. c c CO • .S 
m co-S-S— 0)2.2 

c.= ss c5 c >^f 
«: ■= co co c a> Z&- 

E 5>«>«E S c>, 
ffl«££cg co? 



2 w a; 
3 ">.■>.■>. 



O Z CM CO LU 111 tH. UJUJUJ 



OOOOOO 
OOOOOO 



OO OOOOOOOOOOO 
OO CMOOOOOOOOOO 



r^ t~- r^- 1^ co cm o> o>o> co ccr 

t CD CD CD CD r*~ CO CD CO IO II) 



O OOOOOOOOOO 

O OOOOOOOOOO 

O OOOOOOOOOO 

O r CO CO ^ CO ^ cb o> CM CO 

CD CO O IO CM f- t- »- 1- CM CM 

1- *- t- O) CO CO CD CD CD CO CO 




.Eoggg'|«|«E «>.«■§ 

5;C0OOogliJOllJ^aiCULlJ§ 
LU 111 LU LU LU LU t- 1- i- t-LU 




^,0 

cu o 

in 

US' 

crog 
>. = ■>» 
£o£ 

0) U CD 

e -rP 

V CO-— 

* c o 

W "— CO 
Cw"£M= 

sS5. 



x: o O 

». ™ CD 

££&> 

O O Ouj 

ISLuSi. 

LU CO CM CM 



2 



£»£ 



IS 12 



-C T5S ■ ■ Si — 

= SgEcB ■«>"i>«i» 
a 2o m -S a) co o 0,D, 
W-S A S-Srt CO u cu £ 

at c c c c£2i o m at 

-KOOOOOCOU -S — 

0= o 

§ SS°S.§ *>■? ci 

Ei" '000000 o - ?.!! E 
■ •s£cucoiocococou)co -£T3 CO 



>? ™ ®'S2222222.o-8!o 
I f ? g "SL"SL"S."°s?.?."5.« ^ g » g 
f 3 J 8 E. f. E. E« f ;; g £§ ji 

x c v^* a o b is n s^£ oil o 



^ ■ —J. i=ooooooo*=mOoo 
aJSLraSUEi; Ji* ££E£ * 5 £ "£ 

CM CM CM LULU UJUJUJ LULU LU UJ 



D-27 



Appendix D 



:£§ 



ooooooooooooooooooooooooo 

OOOOIOOOOOO<OCMOOQQOQQOOOOOO 

ooqo*oooqNNnpoqininqqoNqqr;N 
cviri^T^cotb^oocoT^T^^cviot-'i-odwoio'i-i^cOT^ir) 

<D<0(D00U>OOOC0(D(0fl0****ST-Ni-nC0T-<00> 
O i- r- t- (D i- »- i- (O (O <D W CO CM CO CJ> 



ooooooooooo 

OOOOOOOOOOQ 

OOOOOOOOOOtq 

oio»- : cio>c\iccio)ic>'>*o> 

(PTt(DN0O0O'tr-^mm 



O t-000000> 

b bbbbcM cob 

00 CO CO 00 CM CD tO »- 

loencn 



««^m<- in in in cm inioiocMCMCM minion ooo moios cm i^ cm eo in in t^ in in in cm cm cm cm cm m m in » 



«g 



IO 


«. 




E 


co 


— 






m 


u) 


l- 


CO 




3 


F 








X 


O 


T3 


rn 


01 














■c 


<i> 


cu 








"OTJ 


■o 


o 


o 


en 



at ca 
o o.s 

o o 



CO 



^To'S" 
1 5. | 

.2 .2 = 

CU Q) S 

c c £ 



S"=. « "St -=r O ™ i= S 




=5 .5 .§. .1 .2 . i . i . i w 2 5 p n 

CO T3 T3 T3 T3 T3 T3 ■© CI) t to -n < 



m CO 
° C 



o«-~uj >. 

O.D. ■>— £ 

u trU-lt! cu 

a> a>£ E 
c c O) _^ 



888888888888|;g-S||>.§ 

O)0)D)01D)D)D)O)D)D)O) O)^, £ O O. Q-':> CU »jj £ CO v - ^ 4? 



CM 

T * 

C 3 
CI) CO 

u — 



CD >> 
T3£ 



.It-8 
oi.9 

Ei^o 



CO 



go 

ifl 

uig- 

B CO 



■O.H 






is 



CO 



2! "5 co °- 

>>E«» 
g 3 co co a> 
c-o>.>.S»2 E 
«5 8 S So«o-?i 



TJTJ ., .... ,_ 

'o'O xttjtj-jcc sz <" cT^b 
a»-OT3-S. C oa ) oo?. tB .2 <B -S. .-=. ffl * ^ 



-• ? II S^o SSoo § o'o| o « o"o" o >■ jg 
o^oo = S^xco5ccocoScocoS-co9-aScoJ)a>>. 



cuxcocoxx-Exx 



"UJ UJ^LUIJJUJLULUJJJUUJUJUJUJUJLULUUJUJUJUJUJ'A 



££££££ 
UJ UJ 111 UJ 111 Q.LU O-UJ UJ UJ UJ UJ UJ 

CO CM C\J lH CM Cvl CM CM cm cm cm cm cm cm cm cm 



ooi-i-i-nom^oinoooi 



•* CO CM CM CM CO * CM CM 



oooooomo 

ooootootoo 
oono*o*q 
b i-^ crib coco eo cm 



co co in in in in cm co cm ^- 



oo 
o o 
oo 


oo 
oo 
oo 


ooo 
ooo 
ooo 


oo 

•«t IO 


■* CO 
in w 


cor^co 
mmm 



<■ «*■ ^- ^- •* ** *fr 



^.cu 

^■co 

CM ° 



co.E 
EE 

Si <D 
CO ' "5* 

E2c 
|i| 

OCM.C 

"5.3. E 



co 



gg : -js 

S S 5 >.o> a> 2 c^ 
" P S.-^'K tic-; 



E .. 
.2 a 



o 




4llliilt| 

Sl5lltl|ll| 



w.2 
1 1 

•D CO 



2l 

• c '- ^- ■='-• - r ••= '-■ a> -■=- ?*!="• 
^^ c §.£ if coco^TJEV^cucucun 

>, O O UJ >.CO CO" >.* |g >. >. g g g J3 

a> x: x: &UJ x:x:UJx:x:UJUJi:x:x:fc 

UJ Cj CM CO UJ UJ CO LLJ [jj Z C/) Cj iti LU 



CO 
CO'- 

2 " 
.2! 2 
Q-? 

CB-o 

So 

E-3 
ca a> 
a; c 

9 1 

to < 
CU CU 



CO cujc 

E 9- 
co o 

<D O 






rfE 



■o^-g" 
'o '5 'o 
co co co 

.2 .2 .2 
a! aJ eu 



CO — <u CU CU CU CD 
CO fcl CU CU CU 



US .- «i (!'« JljO'So' 

'■a o5 .E .£ .2 i 5 ^ § =5 
£i2 co ci co .25.2 .2 .2 
■ ox:cSx:<u<ucucucucUcc:c: 

,*Vi T3 S CCCCCCnjmm 

ioUisUl<u(ua>a>a>ai — — — »- 



CO.E 

Ul N 

E E 

3 3 
T3T3 
O O 

to to 



izSz 



:££££££SP<3 O) 

-ujffiujujijJujliiiii.tH. 



IO Q. 
C °- 

2 o 
2 u 

II 

1 ° 

CO to 
T3T3 

"2 "2 

'o'o 

CO CO 
O O 



£ Si * 
^jo'cujO o" ;j3"j2°' 

;j= '5 'S £ '5 ; '£ B S 

c c-DCj c ccc 

tutuftucucocutvcuig 
cc-occ-Jsccc", 
cud) .cucu^'cucucu.2 
>>>.S ^.^.x: >»">.">.'£ " 

UIUJ UJUJ LUUJLU 1 



asasE 

CO CO 3 
Ul CO c 
COO 
2 to E 

.2 tu p 
to c E 

CU CO CO 

c o>o 

CSC c 
CO CO o 

E EE 



D-28 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



<5 o 



COS 



OOOOOOOOOOOtDOOi-OOOOOQ 

iDoooooooooiOroooiOi-ggoo 
CMCMcqi?5cMoqqqqcMqcoqqa>qq*qin 
cvj-r^is^ocotfiiOcri't-o-i-ciiot^i-^-r^ciT-w 
cncocogiogg) §5;£cm 1 £co8 p "*coS!88 



oooooo 



i-OtTCMt-CO 



m^mmmm 



00000000100)000000000 



eo(ocviT-^<omsooinin»T-T-i-(oso 

W0000OQ'*'*--<t0000C0C0l0Q'-CD<0«)t^- 

co oo cm ^ * <d r-. i- r«~ r~- i- 1- to ^ r^t^t^r^ 




>. >, a. >, a. >> <o >>>Jj^co 

t~ r- — x: — c — c •*- « — — 

lu uj £ Si fi2 £i2 w S^£. 

' '" ' *^ — ~ ~ 'Z CO UJ Gj 



oo»i-oo*oi-nino>floo)oo*Ttpoqqou)N 
coi^co^^cM^^i^oii^oaootbr^oicfti^aioico'cM^uSai 
r^eo<or>-i^coi^<Dcor».o>o>o»cj>c?>o>r^co<DT-^-o>ioa)f*- 

i-MO) OWOl CO w-wcocooo 



in m in m in *- in in m n- in m *- cm cm cm cm in t*- m i- cm uw co in in 



OOOOQOOOOOOO CM CM O O O 

..- ,-000 

oooo 
iri^-T^co 
cci-cot 

7-CM i- 




D-29 



Appendix D 



S>5 



S* 



oooooooooooooooo 



OCMOCOi- CO CO CO CO CO 00 CO CO CD WtD l- 
d> CO CM ■<■ lO lO LO 10 W W ID 00 O) O) co <o r^ 
*-CDCD i- i- i- i- i- 1- i- go CO t 



ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 

COOOOOOOOOOOIOOOOOOQOOOOOOOOOOQ 

loqcoqqqoqqqooio^scooinooaiooooaooio 

t^cOTfcdrvT^co^wcJcoiri^cii^^cii^crioo^iocOTi-cbocvico 

m co co cm in i- cvj cm o> co oo i^- •- co <o to m m co »- cm co 10 ■* to co to co 
co ^ io tt *- i- t- r^ co ^- t- r^ r^ co co co co '~ t- i— co cd to co co co 



CM CM lO lO W ■«* * * ^ ^ lO lO I- CD lO CM CM CM CM CM CM CM ^ lO CM CM CM CM CM C\J 



O.C 

1° 

O CO 



CO 2" 
CD CO 

'4= CO 
CO CO N 

a>c 2 

fisf 

co co co 
(3(3(3 



5! 2 co 

« £ CO 3 a).K 
^ CO .O & .2 C Q,~ 

E ■>.■>.■>.■>.■>.■>. 2 
coccccccco 
^cocococococo^ 
co co co oj co co co -Q 
00(3(30(3(3(3 



OSCM 
CO CO i 

III 
.ill 



CO CO 9- 



8-g 

?£- 

"il 

E coo - _ 
■3E=4SRu 

CO t CO 
CO o 
<0"r co 

M« 

^!= CO 



£E o 

CD'S. 
co=- 
■a o 

C CO 



K c c c 
jo o o t 

C *»0.0.2 * 

cooE&S-gS 

n co o o o 3° 
•x o o o o j± £ 
:=\2 _3 _3 _3 O o 

OOOOO o 



3 »2 

Oo O 
CO" CO 

o E o 

•£.= '£ 

OT3 O 
O O O 
_3 CO .3 

(3 O 



SS~E 



"9 "2 
o'o 
co to 
o o 

c'c 



co 

II 

.2 o 

TJ = 
O CO 
10 . 

uT{2 

lull's 

oco « a) a> 2 



a>o 

co o 



* co co 9- 



CO CO. 

•o£S 



, 0"0"0 



o o 
o o 

3.3 

(3(3 



3 o 
DO 



co "5 

3'o 

o« 

.5 o x co £ 
E=* 9m = 
„ .«:=: cuiS 
.=! co - co =s = 
F CD CO .« » 
^|ooo 
% cd a> co ai co 
•S o o o o o 

3 >, ^ >, >, >N 



CO- 



CO 



; <o 



!2£-o 
" o != 

Eo-g«« 

•ft ■ co g 5 
° °<2 o>o) 
S2cJo22 
»X*="o-o 



fc co co 
o E a> 

SSgSS 
a> co^ co c 
to T5 -s; c 2 



cooffioS. 



„, i.o " u 
co co c: co m.^. 

8 8 £ 2 S £ 

_3_3222S1 

(30000000000000000000000 



2 2 2 2 2 

<D CO CO CO CO 
OOOOO 



<S't3 o o"o"o 

r*>-0 •- •- «- »- 

,o.c * £££ 

' CO CO CO U3 CO CO 

O • CO CO CO CO 
O O O O O O 

c c c c c c 
o o o o o o 

EEEEEE 

2 2 2 2 2 2 

CO CO CO CO CO CO 

o o o o o o 



O O CM CM CM CM O 

r o> o d d d t^ 

r^ r^- co co co co co _. . -„ ... _ ._ ._ .- .. .. . , .. .. .. - 

r— r-- 1 — i — r — r^. r^- cm o> (o<o*ssnnsnnnnn* t-io o>t-i-io 



OI^CMOOOOOOOOOOOpiOO 

cbcoco^oiocMco^-iocbi^oio^ot^ 

i^t— coio^toooocooococococoocDcoco 



ooocooooooooooooooo 

OOOLOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 
OOOOi-OOOOOOi-OOCOCMO^O 



ooooooo 



u. O 

*o 
o^ 

r- CO O CO CO d> « S w. 
t^. t- CM CM CM CM -*3 a) CD 

w ■_ ^ ._ ^. ^ e °£"s^ 

rtl /ft Ml fit (It /it SS *-'.— CD 



■cx:.cx:.c.c.e;i-«-u5 fll 
.9 , .2 ) .2 l .5'.5 , .2 , .S'o <o">.co c 

CQ(UCQCQCQCD^^.o S c -§ 
c'c-c'c'ccc'O >= S5£ 
CDCDCDCDCDCDCDWPJ^J^a) 

888 888S5«o2Se 

cococococococo.E-qOOO 
oooooooo >s2 o o 

LL LL U. U. U. U. LL LL OLLU. 



5 :"5. 



S,„« 



5i2w 
=§® c 

5alE 
C» „, 5 

• -CO • ■ _ IO <D '« _>» E g 
i-CMCcMCO<<tSS5'5;5>. 
S>» CD -O -0-0 = = S'mCpS 

^^ScDCDCDaiai-^^oau 
atCDmOtXlXCO^o?^^ 
tjooooooooxESS 

■C '4= VJ= '43 '4= '43 '43 '43 '43 rS CO * % 
OCOCOCOCOCOOJO) 0)^= t_ t_ 

ZEEE EEEEE^ccdcd 
.ooooooooo£>.EEi3 . . ^_ 

C *>"0 -O -O T5 T3 T3 T3 TJ ~-' T ' 5. el's g "o^ CO O 

ggSScocococo SS«|^8» <g g^^ 

i-g =?=?=?! if f it t i" t sii&n's i€ 

gt-o-DTf-D-D-d-o-Tf EEEE-'E ,?l--| 
99-ooooooooEEE Ea = ti? cd a> E 

^ = 000000000000 OV*7 3 3 3 
U. U. U. Li. U_ LL LL LL U. U. U- U- LL U- LL CM i- LL LL LL 



? =5^ 

_l CD >.0 



COLL 
CD—- 
CO CD 
JO-o 



0£ Q-5 
CO CO CO 4^*'0 

£>£•£•£•* 

3 3 3 3' 

_>, -i->_>33333 
LLCMLLLLLLLLLLLLlLLL 



CO T3 

■ 2 c 

,?3 CO CO CO 

Cm t_ t_ t_ 



CO CO. 

3 3 : 



■D CD 



x ?- 

liS 
ob g 
^-'9- 

t-% 

CO' 9 a,! 

co -J-rr co 

C2E = » 
a oaE~ 

V co^ co co 
QO oo 



D-30 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



1§ 



ooooooooooooooo 

QQOOQIOOOOOOigOON 

inoooininoqoin^ocjtqoD 
aJuDiDi-c6i^aiocJ(£>ocia>ior^i^ 



oooooooiooooooooooooooor^oooooc\ic\ioo 
i-oooffiioooooisinMnoNnnooooainooiooooooiin 
iricvioicotDioooi-'oowoJocjii^T^tOT^o^io^i^tfir^r^t^f^oor^^ 



CDCOLOCO *- f^ f^ *fr CM CM 



• CM * •«■ CM CD 0> 



comm>nr^iocMCMCMinincMiocMCMincoi-cMCMCMmcMcommcoLOcocoioio 



H 

?§ 







liJ|N$ §§*£?* 

ooSiScciSiSci'oiu 

C CO CO Q.CO (0 CLO-CD O.C c 
±1 Q. CL-p 0.0.-^-^ Q.-f- t t 

foa)d>- Jl -<u<u- J --*-a>- l -ctf<D 

Illcllciicolciill 



oooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 
ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooioooooooooooooooo 
ooooi-saNn^ppoo<too|4ioooooqoooooa>ooNoosoinoiAo>oroooif)io 
^lOoicMoiiriiritbcbcDiocbi^edr^^r^ccieo^ecico^oio^co^i^i^o 
<D(0^r-^'(oto<D(oiDiou)ioin<on<oioin<-Oi-t-ocMO>a)i-ooT-r-cM(0(Ooo4'n(00) o>o>o>coiocmcmo 

<D CD CD »"* CO CO CO CD CD CD CD CO CD CO CD O CO CO <D *~ t- ▼- i- v- v- CO CO CO iO CD CD ^" CM 1^ CD CM LOCO O lO 

CMCMCMCMCMtNWCMCMCUWeMeMC*l«inCMWWlO^OTOTi-*-»-^l010lO*iniOin»-^OTOOTeOtD 




D-31 



Appendix D 



E . 



e . 
c/>2 



oo Oooooo 
<b t>^ o> w oi od to r^ 



OC\JOIOIOOOOIOOOOOOIOOIOOOOOO<M 

c»T^coo>oorvcoeucocoo^^C)crio>cvio6cviTi : oiodio 



oo 
qio 
C5o 



oo CO 10000000 



oo 
cdo> 



>•* cocotj-io coco 



; o p o 
r-^ t^ t^ i-^ ^ <r> c\i co 



CMCM ■*« 



T3C0 

"i ■ ,_ i. ,_ ,_ ,_ 5 

« "D ' CO CO CO CO CO o 

P P* ^_ "S *c ^j ts *s <o 

Q.Q.1 «««««§ 

ccccccccc 

OQOOOQOOQ 

cccococccccococccoh; 
oooooooou.2 

•o-o-otj-o-o-otj-o'e 

>,>>>.>.>.>.>,>.>, c 

IIIIIIIII 



30(033 

C-R22-R-K 
OOOOOO g « 




. . . -.= oJaci)0)c-___--- o -o-o-o"-s.y 

._ w c? c? g sf i • g g5OT8??««««? |.i 

coco«mcom.cSooooco«cococo ^g ) g ) g, 2/5/* 
22222222222222222""""2^= 

■D-D-D-D-D-D-O-D-O-D-D-O-D-O-D-O-D 'S/S/S.TkO CM CO 

IIIIIIIIIIIIIIII liiiil t- 



0)0) 

~ .£>(/> o o 
.2Sk>«>' 
xjJS 5 o>o> 

o o coo 

CO CO CO CO 

■o "o .2 "o "o co 
o> aj-g a> oj-jg 

CO CO (A CO CO CO 

c c c c c c 
a> co a> o> a> a> 

D) 01*0 Ol O) (J 
o o c o o c 
■o-o S'O'o 8 



a>£ 
■o a> 



"O CO 

CO u> 
c c 



SZ2Z 

IS W 
CI) CO 

ft 

of. :sss 

■fc-c o o o 

SUi* ■ ■ ■ 
■=^S y 2 2 

0}T3 -S o'o'o 
C - - N N N 

o CO CO c c c 

- c c a> co co 
O O J3XIJD 



ire c >»>.>» 
o-^-=s x x x 
Eo-a-222 



'= •= ^ ^ « 

_ a-o-222 

O O OT3TJ-D 

■o -o -o -r"-r t* 

>» >> >» I I I 

XXX Q.Q.O. 



OOOOOOOOOOlOOOCO^tOCOOOOOOOOOOlOOOOOOOOOCDOOOOOOO 
Or^O-r-OOOOOOi-CMlf}lOlOOIOOOOOOOOOO»-OOOOOt-OCOO>0000000 

o»onoioooonooiDioiiiin<Doooo>iooooos«oiDoa)oioina)inooinooo 



t-0)t- CO CM 



CM CO COCO tO CM CM 



«o 

c a> 
O c 

>.» 

ft 

.9- co 

x> is 
co a; 

CO 0) 

a> 2 2 

SEE 
8 2 5 
o'o'o 
~ a> co 

.VI c c 
2.2 £ 

£££ 

CO CO CO 

EEE 

co co co 

XXX 



.If 

as co co 
Ifl c c 

.»» 

= :*>. 

i££a 
<g a> a> c 

aEES 

Q-OJ 0)-"= 

XXZ 



2E 
21 

•i£ 

o co 

|i 

5 x 

CO CO 

1.1 
111! 

(C CO CO u 

t'SS's 

co co x x 5 

C C «> • S 

co oil s 

CO CO ^ CD X 
XX^-"t-"c 




CO 

■>. 
a>£ 
"O CO 

■§.§ 

O O) 

2t><B 
■o £" JS 

"■Sol 



II 

J2-S 

CO o 
cu^; 

a?. 

■2 5^ 
'o£ a, 

■2£ 
oj 73 o 
(0*0 = 
co co 
o co • ■ 

3.9 co 
co" gto 

|5> 



"tf'C 



CO 



£70°»VBOO|| 



C-OTJTJTJTJTJ-On 

xxxxxxxx 



D-32 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



l§ 



I§ 



ooo 

IOOO 
0)0 CO 

CMCD^ 



O* OOOCMOO 

Or- lOOt-rOO 

coo ocoooiqifi 

xriri o> oS o in o> iri 

^■^- CO <J><£> * <J> 00 

CM CD OICM i- 



i-CO 
QCM 
*00 



OO OO OOO OOO OOOOOO OOOOO 

ooqooqoo wooooogg oioogij 

cvjpKooooiooqcutpoopppp i-pppio 

i«^ 06 c\i o cvi co o> o> * o ctI oJ o o t- i- '*r;Sy t 2r; 

CJ> <3> t^. <J> 0> 0> Q> <J> ^ O l> r^ CM t- CM CM nooibq 

o>o>o>CT) r-axor-**!- ij-T-ift ^ 



CO CO t- 



cucxir^ r^co comcocoinco 




oo oooooo 

oo ooioomo 

oo oo o m mo 

•*iri iv in •* <b co to 

Oii- t-0>i- i- 



ooooooo ooo 

ooooooo ooo 

oopoppp pop 

tv o> to o> to o> oo ^-T^ci 

inioiD<-mom r~-mi>» 

CD t- <J> •*»■ <J> *C0 



N CO «OI ID 

r>- i^ r^o cm 



oooooo 
oooooo 

00CM O OCMO 

<b cri ir> <x> oS oo 

CMOISNt-* 
CO r- CO 



OOOOO 
OO-r- OO 
OOOOO 

oidcooo^ 



f-. •* lO lO CO ^- CO CMCM't 



CM lO ■* ^- m CM CMCMCOlOr-- CM 



-Sco 

«g£(l)»(B 

.9 .y. cm *~-~ 



a> 

c 

II 

« S " 
■= 2>, 
9--5£ 



5-eI-qI 



•6S 
£ ° 

03 -o 



2 CO 




a xi r jk ■= .ta .fa i. I i >>x: a< x: if f 5 > 

* * *£f it g %%%t %t=t£ 5 

ooo-^^^^Poo^^o^* >* o c 
"5"5."5.a> 2 2 2>.'5.'2. > '2'S.2Vgi > 
£££ E * -a -o 1 £££-° ^S-g, «. J 
0.0.^- IIInnn InlnlZc 



E^gS 



fin 



■E.S.E 
■o a> <u 

CM c c 

- .2 .2 
>._a; a; 

S< a> 0) 

t: x x 
<d"5.2 2 
I ***« 5. 

•■= CM 1 1 « I 



2~ 2 
a.g a. 
o 2 o 

g|g 

£|£ 

3 E = 

00. 3 10 
8=6 p = 



05 ». 

0)5=5 

•DgO 
■= Q.0) 

, CD 03 



=5* 

S'6 

II 

CM 8 
_L O 



■5.2 
10 ><£ 

c £ CO 

iSgi 

afis 



:6.6. tS 6. Ir-Cr- 



— O 03 O 0) O) 

.2 wo *o -g To o 

S'Mi^'gS'oo 
■j^S'cM ii?-o Sfifi^-^ - 

gcMi.CMiV-OT3ScMCM 

€ 2.2 SL-f 2fi*« g 8= 

xS o 2-i^-xx >?>->>« 
2'5.8'S.cu ■ 2 22T^~ 
■o 1 i. 1 o Si- -0 "° P £!.2!-!= 



a) 



2i CO 

CD'S 

EE 

>•!=■ 

II 

- — CO 

«I| go 

ll'ali 

&- >.££ 






2 >>>< ??2^ 
£>I i-X £1 co ! 



T-T- T- wZ COt- 



D-33 



Appendix D 



OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCOIOOOOt-t-OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

8QOOO0>OOOOOOOOOQOT-OC0Ol0OOOO10OOOOOCUOOOOmOOOOOl0OOOC0 
.finq^niDqooqoqoqoqinaifflU)a)Noq^T-T-mnooooNNqN»o>-oo)qolosffloow 
cna>c>Jr^cb^r^tb^tfScotbT-coof^oooj^Oi-oo©cSc>wo<ricnr^irico^ 
a>a> T-nMnio^oo>oo>»NN o>o>o>cococo m <o-v co-i- y-T-ui 



1^- 1^ \J* HI M^ U ) III \JI T - VJ 

IMWCJlOMDMniDO 
OOOOOT-IDOONr- 



? £* .$> m .„ K •■:. . , 

•{5 co a>.»=~ «£ ^IS.c.S! - 

333333333333 
-O-Q.CljQ.Q.Cl.Q.Q.Q.O.0.0 
OOOOOOOOOOOO 
U>U)C/JU>U>U)U)COU)U)U)U) 



CO 




motooorStja a.-^ a. S< co * 
» o « « « *^ Jf ^ g g^ g g,Q.-g a> 

5 g 5- & & & &■ 6- & t? & S* S S--S i? & I 

a> >.a> a>a>a>a>a>a>a>a> a> — a> o <i> 3 3 
oooooooooooo^-o—ooo 



o a> 

*«■§ 

m >.« 

Q.Q. <D 



■p'S 

£a 

CO d) 



.S!c 






■o 2 

5>T3 

CO >» 



, •boo; 
■ o> o ^ «8 •" 

ig 10 e.o: 

>.c.9 JS 9 ' 



«TJ — -"9 



• -S.5 - 



ieccccco 
.. _ _ - , _ _ . _______> o o o o o o o 

uiouii)uuniiiii)ii)ioti)«i07n(iiui/!i/)i/)i/iij)uit»i/)iov)uign 



co o o"9 
■go **co 



o o o o o 

0) CO W W 05 



l§ 



ooooooooo 
ooooooooo 
■tqiooooooo 
'*co©e6coc\io*»b 

NOIONOONOICO 
tJ- , «tCOlOi-*i-CDlO 



qqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqnqqqiONC\inociiqqqo^u)NOoo 
■r^^<oc^oc6w<o<o^c^oo<omwmt^inc6c6ininoinciair^ai^y^^<Daiy- : 




■C "£' E - E ™^> W U UO ^ T3 X> TJ T3 TJ 

O i .Ez.Et-".E.E.E°.2 ooooo 



a .y CO CO t t Q.^— ■ O O O H 3 3 g Q_C ? 

>.>.>.->.>.£ g - ■ ■ ■ ■ SllJS « S 
KuuEEEEESS £-.£>.&•.& £?.£•.&• £•.&•.& 

C(OU)00000333333333333 

CO CO CO x - - ~ " ' ~ 

M<AWWUU>WWWWWWUUW(OU)U)U>u> 



D-34 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



!§ 



oooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 

OOOOOCMOOOOOOOOOOOlOOOT-OOQOOOOOOOOOQOOQOr^-OlOlDOOOOOO 

T-cMno(onoaioioooo5ooio(00(oooooonoqqowqq^oqyowB)NN^;inqqinq 

co^cMiriodri-cricjitoo^oicMCMWcbco^cDor^irio 

^cor^o>cococ>jtt)cocowcocoQ*tv.*c50><Dinoor^t^^<DC3oou5t^'*r^c2<C3^to>^'0>oo?9?9'^' _ o>0)wa) 
i*- o o> co co oo -i- in n- ** co * in co in in cm co^-inininin id in m in in ■* in cm <j> "tf'j- oim^m 

CMCMtninCMCMincOinCMUOUOinuOinCMCMCMCMUD00CMCMCMCMCMCM^CMinCMCMCMCMinininCMinCM'4''<tCMCMininCMin 



*■* 

COS 



.9 3 

P a> IS 

&■--£ 

° o S 

clo to 
goo 
co «/" 



IcBcB 

0)0) 0) 



£ C 
a>°a>3 

„ a) E S = « 

d) jr -j= ^ O (D 

o E >,.& c .a> t> 
ciS cl5«S >\ffi 

CT O T3 2i,,0 

co ajc a) ?2 „ 

co is co > jo H O 
n r» -r- n T is ■=• 



o"* CO *03 



CO 



„ , _«| 

66660—6 ■. Jo'cTcoo) 



S^w STjfi 



co f.-a : 

-.£0 

c 0.0- 
a> a> (g 



■a cox; 

■O'O* 

OO CO 

^Cfl CO - ^ 

ioo 

IT3TJ-D 

i co ca co 



CO 



5 * 
'x E 

.£a>| 
CO c.= 

§0 
oj 10 c 

111 
a oiS 

111 
§'g. z -2 

^i-Z Q. 

5 o i o 

(A 



^-V-V-^* <« 



p-a-E 



11 11 
o o 



CO 



I CO <o 

iiSo 



Si?: 
II II 
.9.2 

Toto 

EEar 



to w to ♦= 
■g "D ■g ■5 c 
'p 'O 'a 'w — 

CO CO CO CD >* 

,0 _y _y <j> 

m (a (a ■ a y 



JS 



8. N 



aT= c' D 'S"9'2'2'2'S 

n C C'n'unu uuu 



o >.« 2 co co 
■2 k = 3 9 9 
ga>«.3§§ 

CO W 1 n« CO CO 

_j_icoG— 1 -1 



COCOCOCOggjCV'tO 

S.VS.'Sesls 8 
EEEE~goco 

T3 T3 T3 T3 J= .c 0J.S2 

CCCC'CuO. 

CCCOC0COCOCCCCC0C0- — -^-p 2 

9 .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 o 00 = 

33333333333 3 _l 

cococococococacococococo' 



■S-5 8- 
|85 

CO CO o. 

"D OJ OJ 0) 
OJ c c c 

— E E iS 

>>C0 CD'S) <B 

£££>..E 

■C O) 0) Q.P 

o)_-|.ES^ 

« « « « ss^ 

3 3 3 3 3 3 3 
CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 



co.E <u 
E clo 

CO 



oooooooooooooinoooooooooooocooooooooo^oooooooooooo 
ooooocMoinoooooinooooooor^oooo^-ooi-oooocoT-oooooocacMfogjo 

oooo^^oqinsooooioooi-ooqNqqqo^qwwqqqqqqqqqqqiO^wnq*!" 

coi-wirioc3cocoT^^o>OT^cOT^c>i*^^^c\icicrJC)t^^W^cotdc»» 

wa»*ooininco*io<D»ocowcop3ioNioeo»(Dco»-cocROOT-c3n*»co»<oo>**owoNioc>icii 
oooiNi-r- i- 1-1-7-1-000© ionno)oo«*oo>i-T-nooo cm cm o r-r-t-m 

ininincMCNCAicvir^cMr^i^i^r^incococococ\ic\iincMinioinioeoior^r^inocococAi«T-c>i^coo>cM 

^-1— t-T-»-7-00i-0000»-00000T-i--»-^-T-T-T-0't-00'-0000»-' ,- T-' ,— 00»-' _ 0»-t— i-T- 



,_T co 



» <U 

3 C 

A a> 



a>-o 

. « : : E :s* 
» • co - =^S"o 

m " CT3 -.2 a) CO o> 

S-§8--2 :iS^Es? 

Q.2.0 2 >>§£ • a 

5,1.8*^ "sSolfia* 

l£ I S g 8^-8 8 gf i| 

-^Eco^-^^gwwff 2* 
>.>,>.>»-5.-r 3 &2f&2?&& 
t? T3 6 t3 ^"^ c c c c c c c 

????ooaaaaaao. 

O O O O O O O O O O O O O u *~> ^ v v w V w *rf w w w ». w w ■. ■ w 

co co co_S_SS_wSS_S^_co_io_i2_co_<2Kj2J2J2i2i2J2i2J2 tvl J2i2 Cll<0 i2 



Ul -— 

a>£ 

Si 

■OTJ'rl!'? 

^ co co ■ — \ £. 

•■= o o 5 i'Mo 






ECM « 

1^8 

><>«C0 



E 3 



pcocococogjcos''-- 
oSSStEgg- 

a. o. a. a. a. a. o. ( 

ooogoooi 



o co 

c J= 

o* 
— E 0-5, 

-8ii 

8|I1 

>s>.0 >,' 

O O 



.Q.Q. 
O o q-o 



™ W Al 

p X « 

c <p c 

o-S-2 
„ >«>» 

^ Q.Q., 
><P O 

9-o.fi 

S o o 

CL CO CO 



: CM 

■ 8 
• o 

Illft 

Q.O Q.£ 0> 
.«»£ S «> E 

m a.Q.g.5 

OOO o^ 



Q.Q.04S. 



T3T3"0 
OJ CO OJ 



C K 

CO O 



. aj a) a> Q.7: 
^■052 co 0) 

£ Q.Q.Q- <U -A 

• 2 2 S E»7 « 
>.g-2-8->."5." 

O_o O O o_Q.( 

g-wjow o o ! 



^2 u> 

ca - 
toS 

■c CO 



o_;» ^ « o. ex ( 
co •* ^- ■<■ CO CO 1 



« CQ. 

.11? 

>. >>o o 

LQ.JO CO 



E^E 

CO fg Cfl^ 
-tt CO -rr CO 

° r- ° CO 

co ^ co a> 
J= ^ Q-.2 
5|gE 

>,-£ S-co 

£>.8o 

<D X— C 

o o-o CO 

S o-V-B 

a. « co " — c *- 

o 18SBS2S 
c <u 2 o o o o 
°-1o_ co co co co 
-ci— >.o o o o 
S >• ore ■= •:: ■= 
y-o-oj CO CO CO CO 
S £"5 oj a; a; a) 
9-Q.Q.to to to to 
g O O O O O O 
.2 CO CO CO CO CO CO 



D-35 



Appendix D 



6. 

COS 





sz 


<u 


o 


JZ 




o 


CO 






<n 


u 












>.o 


as 


& 



T3T3 
T3T3 
CO CO 



0)0) 
■DT3 
C C 
CO CO 



°'° CD CD CD g 

«S co cb -5 ■=■=3 

0) O O 3 3 3 C 

g'C'C-l-l-l CD 

g ■§ •§ co ■* io "5 

_J_J_JC\fcOCo"S 



a>i2£ jj te a> a> 



EEE 

,2.2.2. 
CO co 'co "> 
<u <d <u 
c c c 
0>0)0)( 



ou co E co To -B -B 

i"sg 

55 co co o g 

CD (j O *£ 

(TJ cc aj to i 



5- to 
o° £ 

*- w "S3 o 

S22§ 

a> ^ai Q-o 

OO i VII 

n^Ncc 

<y <j) q> CD CI) 
CO CO CO CO CO 

CD CD <D CD CD 

c c c c c 

CO CO CO CO CO 

0)0)0)0)0) 

c c c c c 
CO CO CO CO (0 



111 

11*8 

•oO»« 
^-oto.y 

CD.C £ £ 
0~.C CD CD 

I* 2 ~ o o 

C Q.O O O 
CO CO CD CD CD 



"CO 2 
O CD 



CO >.o 

C X CO 

ugjj. 

T3TJT3 
CD CD CD 



oomooooooooooooooooocNKDOOTnncotT-cMoooooooooooooooooooo 

Sor^-oooooooooT-oocvjoooiomooeococoT-cucviooooooooi-oooooooooo 
or^-ooooooooo ooooooooa>ooooo ooocooioooT-or^-oo>Troooooo-^ cm 



cor^i-cDcor^-r^.iO'i 



• OOOOO i- i- t- OOOOO OOOCM COCO lOI^N. i- CO r^ CO i 



"CO ... . 
0> « CD ... . 

sTgjog :„,« 



f^ CM CO CO^-IOCO -i-CM 



•^pjJlJO • T _ o '-C0C0iJD0>CM^-C0{0C0^.W«\i 
; v , v . s - v ,f^i-CMCCCCCCCCCC,-SS 



• « co co •"*■«= 

: "e1o" :$! 

■ E 3 co E • cd£ 

?:::: :i|.iESS^ 



o c 



. <d = E co.c o ' c 
13 ai = S22S22S 



S-g|S«S«<B :SSSSSSS2222222222^il« :§ : :8S :| gl|||||0| 




~-T;5"-;-:""--QOOOOOOOOQOQQO< _ _ _ 

aigisooigiiigio333333323333333333333>> >£2££E l ££xE££x£,Eb l 

CDCDCDCD<DCDCDCDCDCDCDCD<DCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDa)CD!5^ . /.2'.2 > .2 , .2 , .2'.2'.^'.2'.2'.2'.2'.S , 



D-36 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



•2^ 



5>§ 



ooo ooooooooooo o 

OOO OOOOO OOIOOOO o 

I^OOOOOOOOOCDOCOO o 

o r O) i^ to io co in o> iri t^ c\i i^ ed o> 

to to eo * i- * i- ■>- r^ io in 10 m <o co 

COCMCM CD ^O Or- i- 



o ooooooo 

8 00010000 
pcOOTti-;piO 
O r-Oi-OOOOK 1 ) 

h- Nogoifiom 



OOOOOOOOOOOOCMOOOOOOOO 

oooooooowooor^-oooooooo 
*sqpr;wnqT-Nqoooooooo(oo 
cojbcJ'd-^-cdiot^^tO'i^TtodoocoiriTf- oocooi 
u5r^t^min^-cu-i-iocMc>icMT-TromocMCj>T--r- 

i- •*i-'*- CO ^- 1^- »- CM O OOW^-Tt 



151 

£ O « ■ 

a> 5 £ 

SCO CD 
.££ 



£E 
a> o 




0) o> 



a> 

o <u of Pj 

M c et= 

«■£■£ 

E.2.2 o 
££££ 

0)0)0)0) 



xxxxx£EtsO£>>xx 9>»jc 

n _c! _r^ _c n JZ « 



x £>■{ 



Q 

If 

~E 

IBJS 

■ffi o 



E-5 
^5 



-D co a> 

*ccS 

a> o a> 



<d o 



5t 

Hill 

-*? 2 a» a! 



jTJSE 8 




: ^x X X X X X "-c 
>>0 O O O O O O X 

: otttfctfc to co 
jz a) a> a> a) a) cu jz sz 

cm cm m -^- co cm 5 5 



•i lj >u i5 yr a>~ o ~ 
2 a> 2- £"Q..E .£ E 
01 ■ m o ^E § « 

ccjcc a> 



2 CO >«C0 >> 

o_.c_£ 



-0)0)0) a>2 
i-52S5cm 



oooooooooooooooooooooooooo^oo 

00000OO000O000O00000000000CJO0 

OlOOOOIOOinOIONOOOOrCOtSi-NOOOOnOOO 

co^Qco^oioiriT-^tvr^r^cicJiriuieoeoeoooi^^cridoocMco 
oooiooo cooin»ooioiniooooooT-*-i-otnn«nio 

" ■" " ~ ~ T-T-l-T-T-»-»-'»IO CO 



flDO* >tf ■* CO CO t- i- O 



OOOOOflOOOOOOOOCDt-OlOO 

uJodo^-r^'r^^cNicjiiricjioi^loi^coc)'* 

(OCOtneOIO^tOlOGOOi-CMCOO^'IOOlO 

i-oionw ■* io co ■<*■ in io cm cm corpus 



coinininioo>coiniococococMcoioioioio 

,- t- i- i- *-■ O O i- i- © © O O »- f~ i- r- i- 



■o co 



8. _ 

- E« 
CO co^>E 

£.Ee>> 

a) co 9-o 
E2 85 

O) CD O) O 

o) a; a) o 
222 — 

CO <0 CO &" 

E E E « 
t t E a) 

2.2.21o 

E~"oO)0)0)0)0>C 
-£.E=.E.E.E'E 

0)0)0)0)0)0)0)0) 



CU O) 

C c 

0) Q) 

.£ c 
,a) a) 



01 

^c 
at a) 
c c 
O) o 



Ed. 
a ?-a>lj a) 
» —"— c ■— c 

<S 0) O) <" O) O) 

o) o) o) j!« " 



" C 

i§£s 



8 



io c^ 

a.-o 2 

8o.E 
CO N 



CO: 



0) CO o 



2»t 

2l- O O O O S=rUO N 




D-37 



Appendix D 



<5.§ 



£§ 



COS 



oooo 
oooo 

omoo 



<DO 

T-O 

— O 

coo 



oo ioocooj ooooooo oo o ooo o ooo o r^-oooooooo 

t-O IOOCOt-OOOOOOi- OOOOOOQOQOO O) O O Q o o o o m 

OEM OOl-OOOOOi-'-OOOeONOlOOiOMO oiooSSnoonoo 

— o> cb co 10 t^ — ai d — oo o> in ■* — o c\i co *i ■* io <b co co cd c> d ^ cm in co oo co 

mo t- ■»*■ CO CO ** IO C> 0") CO CO O CO CJ> (O C> CO t^ r^ 1^ CM IO O) (OT-inO)OOi-^*N 

NO t-^^Ft-CMCO OOi-WO O t- G> <3> CD CO CO i-OTtOO *-t^-'*Ti- 



COCVIM- CM CO COlO 
-Ot- O t- Ot- 



E 
c c 



>.a> o 

E ass 

III 



£ci<B 
^> = «= P-n 2 
« =5 =5 "•§£?>« 
f,«raSo">£ 

y oj a> a>7 2> A «- 
S'a.a.a.cMfi <?-= 
iooocj9fi.S 

5 >»>*>*>» d) >*t5 
c^fifififififi o 

-2225 - 



^.a 



cl£ .E £ >. 
ca>E°£ 
a> E ffl--'a> „. 

■o<o.c3|?S 
j^S-Eiiz E 








>» >s o a> >* o 
£ £ .£ m £ 7= 



!2!2l/f!2O 1 tB o!2Ti - 
a> a> -g a> c. o a) 5 0) § ° ' 

COt=iOT3.S-D-D g. >•>>■>. >»0) O) >.">, >> § ~ - 

co"cm o">.-d >.">-2 £££££S-££^S 

I" £ E I!"!! £? ? S 2 |-|>S 5 5 *; >v 
a! a! <o^ a> ^ ^ aJCMCM^-CMaJ'Sii-CMibS'S' 
5 5 ZSZZSm'm'^'cvi'SS^t-'iocIiS! 



If 



it. 



* c 
iS c£-5 >< j? 

2> >•>.>< >.c E 
</>£fi££-o o 
a> * a> * «5'|r 
>.>.>.>. E -c >< 



0) r- 
«J § 

Eo 



a> • o 



eo 



a> 



a> 



£>-5>2cb 

^ CO O Cd'r' 
2= 0-5 CM 



>,>>>->,>. >,S: 



1 m D id ^H- Q- a> <u d> 



2225- 



000000000000000000 
ooooooor--knooooooooo 

pppOOOCOO-1-i-CMCOr-.OOCOOO 
O^CM<D[^mCMr^'ot^Oc6c6cOO>0'f- : CM 
OOO OO) t- i-OO ««-i-* 



« OOOOi-CM 
CO Tj-GOOOOi- 
t-t-OOOO 

loiribi^i^N 



pppCMOCO 

■-...■..,».. . .. ^■^■CMOCMCD 

(£> CO CD (D -ft ■* <£) CMCOCDOIOO 



OO^-^- * ^t <tf ^t CM CO CO r- 



i-r-T-i-O 



OOO I^OOOO o 

OOO LOOLOOO o 

iqpp qoiqq- cm 

O 1— CO CO CJ> CO CO t— t— 

— T-O 1- IO ■«* CO *- — 

i-^-O 1- ^■o T - *- 



cm cm cMCMcoininr^ ntNWMD initio cor^iocoio io 



73 .. *» 

eS^>. 

5f a* ■« 

■ i-o >.co ^. 
™ cd co-ccc: 




"5 E 

It 

03 



- ° £ 
c 10 cd 

><E ><<i> : ES' 1 -. 
£E£E c ^ 

j: J-j: a) iS iS 2 ^ a> .?i sr _ o> « 

.'. ffi C I I I. O >. -3 -. -T >S >N-J. (ft 



u^2 



v.<2 t_ 01 



&.!2o--cmS.?'S 3 >"e£ -: v- <0 -2- 



is 

o o 



£ °££ ™ ® ""ftSf a) ££££oi 
"5J.— a)'5)222a> ' — a> 2 aj aj a> a> w * 

2 22cMroco2 2cm2222 : 



£ 



E— a> 

*S _ « o 
2iS 2 >.o 
«0c5 m K >■ 

«g»OZ 

ltfll s 

a>2 o5 a>2e^i= 
o22cmco 



D-38 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



*-2 



W2 



ooooooooooooooo 

OOOIOOOOOOOIDOOOO 
OOOMNOOOOMONOIDM 

^^^^^oSoo^'oS^cMirioo^co 

O><OCOi-r^COCD<DCMl0<O'*<O*-<O 
CM i- t- O) O 00 00 CO 7-l/i r- 



COCMOO 

COQQO 



(OOO 

cMino 
or- oo 



T-^-T-f- <J>0 



OIOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

CJCJOOQOOOOOOOQOOOOOO 

»oiqsi!S58'-oooNOi-ooooo 
cbcbcooocnooooTt-odioihiriinm^'ihob 

N.h-.CBOOOJCOCJCM-1-Oat^CMCMCM^ti-mmoO 
* <* U3 CO 00 00 t- t- T- 0)7-t-i- OCOCOt- 



(0 



_>> 



<u 



w E 

= o « J. 



«J*src 
o <u a> 

o >ȣ 
co.t; V- 






t- C Q. 



E 
o 

SoS, 




c? 



s 



_» _ QJ 

>.= >. 

a,S-S 

■ts fl) c 0J ' c 

ustSccs oS <u 
SS.E SLSSS Cq S » 

5 £?->\i = &■>>■§ sir 



E 

E 

♦-.3 

"5"o 

"B 

Jil 

a>T5.£ 

TJO J 

-S—.S «» o 
» » o „,-= 

.2 e •»<»>. St. 

5 <£>.->.£«£ 
c >»t5 «5 £ 2 o 

>cl|.is|| 



8 a) 

a> ro 

£«> 
«E 
^5" 




OOOO IOOCJOOO OOOOO OOOt- oo 

000(0 <o OlOOO O O OOOO OOOTl- o o 

lOOO* i- O OIDO O O t- O O lO CJ OOOO 10 

tfWr^cvi ui tt cr> ^ <b Tt -<t •"t cj cd cJ co o> •'T •"t ^ o6 

00 CO CJ ID (DO) 0> I s - CM i- t- t- CM CD CM ■* 0> ^- *- 03 

»- OOi- ■GO O 0> *i-i-i- CO »- oo <* o« 



. . ! <p a) 0) ■ , w 



o woo oo oooooooooooo oo 

03 09OU) OO OOOOOOOOIOOO O 00IO 

p ooio ■»* cj ooiooponqscqipo coco 

09 O0CMCM CO CJ 1^ IV CM CO cvi ^- 03 09 cvi CM 00 00 ODP^ 

fs. (v.(£><£> i-03 OIt-i-NOOO>CM(CIOCMO r*- r>~ 

y- CM 0»- >-i-i-O*t-t-«0i- ■*« 



E„ 
(o a> 

Si! 

1-5. 



Q.O 
CO.^ 

oS» 



c "> 
08 3 

£>. 

=££ 

CO Q) 

= 5- 



<U Q. <y o 

Is^siS— 

8£«£al 

EI m A) ■*? 



€€s?£gS.Eg-o8.E eo)o£2 



-no 

a>io « 

*£•«; ■§ c, -- 5% 
>\2 «to7c 

Isilll 3 

S^S* « E £•£ 
S.-2cSS§14 
o c clu or £ o 



.9 cs 






*c?£^'>. 







SxEEE ».eu r> !«»cu C-iNvP^ln 



so>.E E E >.cm o>^cM'E2e}'>.E">»>.q 
, >.£ ■5.>.>.§ >.S £ ■?«?.■>.£ 2 £ £ g 

SnSSSzE S 55w£8(i 




£ -5,-5.f £ 5 £ £ -5.>.£ £ ? >. 
5 'S '5)5 5 £1,5 5 -g -S5 E m% 



D-39 



Appendix D 



&4 



IT) IO 00 O) CO 1^ 
1-* *-OCO^t 

cocm coin 



CM CM CM CM CM CM 



OCM 
CMQ 
CM LO 



co oowoooooooo 



Si-NOOIDt-0)OOi-(1I 



soo oo o o 

OO O QO i- O 

oo-i- Coo o o 



oooooio 

O OOOOCM 
OOCMO*- t- 
00 CM CM CO CO CM 

r^ co co co co -i— 

00 CM CM CM CM CM 



r^co 



CMIO CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM ID CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM 



CMCMCMCMCMCM CM CM CM 



IE 

ra- 
ff c 



to? 



CO <d 
CO 0) 



T3 o> 3 
O^U 
U)-S - 
_ CD:= 

* '55 ° ~ 

.E oxn • -03=0 , _. _ 
** * 3 ' ' >>-n """ 2 £ 

**>% : :s?S^.l 
JS.a.9— x*s § i-o£ o 

^itrE^SgoSIx 

«T3°-c cfl J? or^SS 
- a a>n3c8o < -'jJt>x-o4= 

(UjS-O-O-a-OTJS 2TJT3 

^£>xxxxx5a>xx 



S 6 ° 
£ co c 



.E « 
E" 
coE 

^>3 



3 CD 
10 X 



« gco «£ - 

■c.E .c i= ce "5 

iolS»oW 
CO gTO C 0.;!= 

a> lo* to to" to u> oj 

fi TJ TJ "0 T3 T5 . 
4^'cj (J (J G (J JO 
c* to CO CO CO CO *g 

*r to (0 CO JO JO ^ 

^•■a -a T3 -o "O T3 
O CU tU CU d) tu tu 

Q.X X X X X X 



±; to 

«s? - 

pOiim a> 

?£&&-& 
8|JJ| 

u E co co co 
a> P . . . 

••- CO CO CO CO 

5-5-5-5-5 

w >.o o o 
J2 -"-"to co to 
°S to to co 

-£=-£, CD a) a> 
co .2> c c c 

T3T3T3-OTJ 



frS 



a; aj o> 
co co co 



2; o o 
co 00 

« CO CO 

P m m 



O) CD 

to re 

PJZ 



a> 
« 

§£ 
H 

Q.CO 
T3T3 

c c 
CO CO 
■OTJ 
CD CD 

rare 

X X 

o o 

££ 
aS IS 



o o 
_ .0.0 



Sz-j-sSSS 



Q.X X 

55 



>_ co •- <~ co 

to CO CO CO 10 

<u _ a> <d _ 

c E c tz E 

= 3 = = 3 

« O » I' o 

X CO X X CO 

5 55 



jljf 

! 3 CO 

■■£ a» 
o.E 

E a> 
co x 



co c ■ c 

n*i 

t co co to 
.3"5 ""o 
c c p c 
o co E co 
££•-£ 
E.9> o.2 



SJSSS o) to 

co co co co ts - 

^^ :s^ co 

3 3 3 3 c c 

CO CO CO CO O CO 

... .s= a> 
co co co co 3 rt 
cooo"* 10 . 
rrrr c o 
o o o o«=-cz 



a> 3 

o .CO 



l«8 

>-8-o 
SEcB 



co re co re ai o" ^Otj'S 
a> 0) cd a) o -g; ■ <-> o — 

*;-OT3-0-a-OT35J T3?2 "D 

cocdcdcdcdcdcdcocdocd 
(oxxxxxxcuxcox 

552555 5 5 



I§ 



o 0000000000000000000000001000000 o 

t- o o 000 00000000 0000 O O COCJ OOIOLO 00010 o in 

cm coNwcocnnqqqqinqncpqqoTliqnNciqoiCBqqN*!-; cj> 

to i^ r^ c> d io> in o o> o co io cv i^ ai r^ 00 ui ioo « i oi 06 c\i cm o o co i^ *^ : 7- : cm 

CO O ■* CM CM CJ> t^ O O) O CD CM CM CO CO rv. N. CO IO CM N- CD CD y- CO CO CM CO OJ r- r- 00 

•* t«~ CD i- •■- t* t- CO * W i- i- CO r^i-W CO •* CM CO P^- CM CO CO ■* CO co r^ co r^ 



oo ooooooooo 

OO OOOOOIOCMOCM 

i-_o co t^ p in |p p r-_ p iq 

CMCM ^- CM T^ t^ CM CM i CM CM ^~ 

CMCM t OOOOOOi-^- 

r^r^ CMr-T-i-t- i-t-*s 



CM CMCM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM 



o ajCNi^E 
cl^i 

E"~ 3 CO O 
_ CO CO CO 
CO _ . 

•£>-£-o 
•S5.---5 

C Q>TJ CO 

UfOo 

->. f — 

a» 2! c a) 

* 3» 3 CO 

=: O Q) 

CO Q->^o 

5 cxZ 



S'to 

CUi 

a>o£ 
cutj >.a) 

Sfi£i«§ 

f|l ail 

£ E OT3-C P 
tB 3 n C CJ E 

o c to co c = 

J5£|cbc3Eft> 
o) 3£ E[j= o = -= 
c -5 Q. to .« « E co « 
S^SS-^xE"°to 

52 -5 J= t3> io *■ »'c "O 
2 2 toOjo-^BSc 

Wm *= "-""Ij. E O CO 3 
£_^^ "**■§■§■§ *" 

j=j=^jz cuj=jzj= a) 
o'cua'a>5cL>a>'ci>5 
5555^-555cm 



CO 

111 

o*E 



S to E.E 



Si 

"■ x S 1 
o o 

3£ ir 

Scu.E 
-H--E E 

ScB>. 



| o = 

i£o 



t>> a> 
JSai 



co 

<D 

co E 

CO CO 

■o'rj 
•o<5 

SI 



o co : « ^, 

a)-g.o> >< co 

o Q - "55 2 — 

kl ^-^ CD (D CU CD _Q o 

P->-c:cc9!i c -c 

'Sg-l-I-igSSiJ-S 



>. o 

JZ J= 



co a>" 

i| 

— w !5 

C 9 CD 

<"> 5 t: 



>< ><cj 

C£0 

35 aJa! 



o2 

CD fS 



o = — 

co" ^2 
Ir o x 
>•<-> o 
Sec 




55555555555 



85 

co ce 
tj-o 

CD CD 
X X 

55 



CO 



^ SjS CD a) 

to.E co c c 
"> E « E E 

■S O 3 O "S. 

>,£ to£ at 

_ -5=0 ti.fctu 

co ....>, 

. CD 0) CD CD CDJZ 
^COCOCOCOCOtU/i) 

ro sz jt j= n jz >. i= 
r aaaa a.75 to 

00000 o^is; 
szszszszsz sz ->.2i 

Q. Q. Q. Q. O- Q.^ CO 

>.>.->.■>.">.>. to -jj. 



W 555 1| 5 - 5 " 5 i§ * 



T3T3T3T3TJT3—T3 

CD CD CD CD CD CD 5 CD 

xxxxxx&x 



5 SS555SZS 



D-40 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 






COS 



oo oooo 



OO OOOO O O O Tf Q ©ogoooooioio ooc 
OO OOOO tO O 5 ■* K lOOOOOOOCOCMi- CVff5< 



OOOOOOOOOO OOOO OOOOOOOOOOOOOO 



OO 

eoi-i- -i- 



r^ t-T-m 



t- OO CD CD 

<o*tco •* 
coi^cm 



OS 



SO 



(0 (0 

o>o> 
c c 

£•£" 

o o 

(0 (0 

CD d> 
T3TJ 
3 3 

ofc> 



zzz 




a) 

SiB 

a> p cd 

c N o 
o o 2 

H^p^o 

1-5.1 8 £8f 

a> a> .<= m x: 9- to 
a> Q- >* >» fc 



O O E ^ <I) .] 
CO 01 






> aaaaaaaaaa255 a. a 2,1.3 
'cccccococococccococo "■z z n a- 1 r- „, 
ZZZZZZZZZZ ca*-Z 



CO" 
CO at 
Z a> 



OxXXXXXXcd 

tcccccococococotj 
000000000 
cdcdcdcdcdcdcdcdcd 



IOOOSOOO ■* Tt O 00 CO CD 
con IOOO lOcOCD 



OOOOOf^OOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

loomoor^oooooooooooooo 
«oo)ooaooooooqioqoooqio 
r^o>i^d^^i^o6c\icpcbO'i- : iOT- : -i- : cvitoc>'i- : 



coocdooooooot-ioiooo 
evitoco^l-i^oJooiooioiTtcbi^tD 



ps»||l 

| SEB oog 

.2 3 3 co = yr. ■£ 

u>~~ to a>»- 
■g <» wed Su-so 

9 - - M^ >» 

- CD CD O £ £ <!>,_. 



CD CD 0) CO <U-£ri 

a> cd a> — o«, ¥ k 

a>o>r 

cd a) 1 



cd 
o 

c 

CD CO 

■o X 

■C 0) 
wor 
a>.c >. 

CD 2 CD 

«>■<= p 



o . 
a> = 



5 55 s o) uj-o-o 

>>>><DCD<Dai 



cu a> cd g> 

K >< X x 2 X q Q 

52555555 






■tp a> a> 

:~JS.£ 

=•— E 
-> >.o 

co ? a) o 2 

-o£w?.o 

p o 2 o o 

is c o c c 

' s oSoo 
i. 5 E 5S 



eo 

y-m 

c c c 

-Si 

">.2 2 



Ot-(0(0<0 
C 0)0)0$ 

5 c c c o 
o co cd co = 

mOOO^ 



*> tl ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 



5 CO to 

c'S'S' 

000 

555: 



p p c c c 




3 »<»>>>. o, 

CO CD CD a> = ~ £ CD 

a, c c c o oiS co 

£=000 ■§.-§. S"s 

O.O.CLOO o«J 
000 o^5 o 3 
5555zi55 



">><>.>.>> >>>>>s>.>.co" 

►555555555Z: 



D^tl 



Appendix D 



5j5 



qj O 
COS 



OOOOOCMOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 
Ot-OOOOOOOOOIOOOOOOOOOON-OOOOIOOOOtTCMO 

onooocnooooT-7000oii!ooioqsoops«qqqiiiiDO 
oo^o6<no^c0ooow^cou3<boiriu5aiouit^r^oa3r^wo>o)od'*cvi 

-■■--•- IONMOWti-i-r 

co i-CM ojf^ cor-~ 



ooooooooooooooo 
ooi-oomoooooomoQ 

t-CMOOOOOOOOOOOOIO 

cooomiooompjTi-inmooT-cococo 
r-- rv. cm r^ r-~ N.r-~ i-coio^t 



°o 

Q--5 



.2 CO 



c8 E 

"> CO 

E>« 



cȣiigcBt5i 

co E a) a) a> a) g- gi. ^ u. _ _, _ 

ilivftonnnri J-c" i« m W w t? 



^- J~ J- a- i- *- ^ cj u JS r» 

' a. a. q. a. a. a. G? <o co S -8 
looooooozioggg 

;ZZZZZZZnZZZ'z 
:cm Q.a.Q.Q.'AcNin'a.^'Z 6 



10 

ai 

3 

5* 

O 3.C 
^"^^^Z-fe N 

E ojzz 



42 u> 
c cu 

CD O)0> CO -i 
IS C0TJC.2 

■a c' <u >«.> not,. 
St, 21 co 8.MB 

cu S ;= o = p« £ E 
_ o.o^o u coo.* 
CO c o cu >.= >.•>.« 5 

0«00000*7 oC 
Zr-ZZZZZ cZS 



CO CO 

i <»'co"co 



CO 

g'5 Q.Q. 
■S 3 O O 

U O Q-Q. 

-o Stj-o 
c R c c 

CO ° CO CO 
*-T3T3T3T3T3 

7n ju moj a> a> 

•"JSJS JS J2 Is 
P >.>>>.>.>> 

E x x x x x 
2 o o o o o 
«£££££ 

J5 cu cp cu a) <x> 



>,cu cu cu cu cu cu cu 



0.0.0.0.0.0.0. 
>. >>>. >.>.>, >- ; 
ccccccc 
o o o o o o o 
ZZZZZZZ 



E : 

.2 <o 

c-o 

°o 

l:t=>E« 

■o cu cu E >> 



-e-o 



CUTSIS CO* 3 •= 
<2 <» >>-o — a! to 

■S.jJgoi"gi5.y 
■S.&&l2|sa 

T3^T3T35'cO J? 
CO ft CO CO * CU 2 
■OTJ'-O-O'S'O C 
CU CU CU CU «S 2* cu 

35 JSJS-SLCU ?■ 
>.>.>■.>. 2*32 ±= 

x x x x 5 co cu 

o o o o2 c"^: 

.C£££±= E-J£* 

a> 'S a! a> ® £ §_ 

oooo 2oo 
c c c c S c cz 
cu cu cu cu 2 cu cu 

Q._Q.Q.Q._^-Q.Q.' 

•"ooooooo 
ZZZZZZZ 



>n-o 
x cu 

a; o x 

8^ = 
ujcS! 



Z% 



■s5*&8:«#" 



c c c 
o o o 



CU (Of 
CO— cu 



OOOOOOOOOOQOOOt-OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCOOOOOOOOCOCDOOOOOO© 

ooooooooooinoooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooomooooo 

ir)iooO'-ooooB)(Oinii)SOOU)oooowooooooooqqqu)qqii)qqqq*qi-qqBqq 

T^oJcNr^'r^KcJcROO^lOcdcOCDCNioJo^OCDW^OOT^I^IOedi-'c^ 

ooT-iou7«fiio<oio«oooc>icNiwcDt^ooo^cocDr^incou5eor~.oooooor^rvooooo>o>ooooocNi-i-T-'i-ino>oq'i- 
h- r>- r*. in 55 io i-t-t- r*- r*. co co oo *- m t- ^ * »- 1- 1- -r- t- i- oj cm cm cm cm t- cm cm cm * o *t cm 




■g-o-g 
'o'o'o 
co co co 

uou 
o'o'o 
c c c 

sss 

cu cu cu 

TJT3T3 

o o o 
cu cu cu 
ZZZ 



■=■= o co a>?fO > 

w *«»•— <ooHoo 
->£i.£ E.9 >>>•>.>>>• 
g- o a, S5.0 jraorg, raw 

8 o-x y y c c c c c c.y 

CU CU CU ^i"!) a> cu cu cu CU c 
-ojr-c E E Q. a. o. a. o. o. t 
ooooooooooos 
cucuocucucucucucucucucu 
ZZZZZZZZZZZZ 



co 2 

S E 

■5*2 
EiS 



co co o 
ZZZ 



co xo 

Sot 

CU Q. c 0> a) 

~ C ci.o 
«88»| 

ZZZZZ 



--o"o 
= cu- 5 CO 
°£mo 

0) CO CO is 

■S — -5 — 

zzzz 



13 
co 

E 

T3 
O 
(O 

TJ-O 

'o'o 

CO CO 

o o 
is'c'c 
CO o o 
10££ 
_ CL Q. 
E co to 

3 O O 

O.9-.0- 

CO j= J3 

'is CU CU 

- c c 
■gee 
'o >,>, 

<0££ 

o ai v a) 
'■§EE.! 

« = cl 



co y a 8 co 
a> «8 " « , , 

a> cu-5 o o p 



cu 

c 

a> = 

ME 
•E9- 

CO o 






co io 

Q.T3 
O C-D 
Q.5 u 

ir2 « 

H o B 

>>0£ 



.S£ CO 

CZ c c 

CO CO CD 

o on ' 

.-fe.-feS 
zzs 



imic-a:^- 



o S o S o-? o o 



fJcMg.8 



SzSS^IuSoSS 
e '..e.t= o o.t; o.-s 

^ ?M.-^ tT fa _fc ^ i= -7 



S z Z z Z"r_ _. . . .._ u _ .._ _ 

Z E oE Q-EcM^cNUfiZZcMZin 



D-42 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



I§ 






oooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 

30IOOOOO(OQQQOOOQOi-OOQOQOOin<ON-QQOOOOQOOOOOOOOO)OOOOCM 
ooooioion^floooqoq^qo^Nqqri^^i-iqinqqqqinqqoioiqqqooiqo^inN 
«i^o>cor^cb^iricb^^in^irioco^in^<D<bcbcoa>doc>c>e6 

0>^*ONNON(DNMfiU)»0)OM<pOOOOOOT-T-7-T-n<J)'-T- 1 -T-^i-in 1 -S*[5<S(0W(D0>nnT- 

Mcvi co y- »-T-i-evir>- NNNNi-T-T-i-r-i-T-t-i-i-NnwweMCMwwcM i-ininioco co r- 



JS'x 

CB O 



<u o> £ 



(0 x: 5 
£ 0) <u of ° N 

x: c c c a, co 

s ..f-EEEm'S* 

>,C0 (0 AC O CO 

a>» o >,>,•>, fxcofc 

c!5®£ c c !2a * 



E o 
SgSjg 

to co"=5±= 
do's a> a> 

■a cd co-o-S o 
to a> ajB^g ° 
g-^g-E g 



(0 U) 

E§ 

HI 

c "~ >• 

ESTS 
ro OJ£ 



CO 



.3 ca co.ts 

c oi _** 



«5o|£ 



•g«».2mS 

?e e »-£e 

£ 5 3 = TR 3 



i co.JS'g 



CBX> 



aj a [ a> a> a [ aj-S" 

CB CB CB CB CB CO "O 

c c c c c c'E 
££££££ m 

a.a>.!S ^ o S „ in u in in u u £^ §"" 





cOOc*OOOOOOOOOOOOzOOOOOOOOOOO 



2 - 

■111 

£ci: a> 
a> E >«~ 

OCBfO 

.So «S 

ES E - 
cb JSts <o 

SS. 0322 

V ? " 
■o-g-gTJT) 
'o 'o 'o "o 'o 
co co co co co 
_o .o o .o .o 
*o> '<u '55 "cu *cu 

ooooo 



CB^ 

a. co . 

O O i_ 

o*S 



.S o o 

EE Z 

"S'S'S 
'u'o'o 

CO CB CB 
O O O 
jl>Vp'a> 
OOO 



oooi-oosoaino 

eo cbcricMcbcoiriiricMcb 

lOOOCOlOCM cococm^- 

COCO r-r-y- CO 



oooooooooooooooo 
wooooooooocoooooo 
i-ooooooocoocoooppp 
u^r^dcoT-Tf^rcviiococNicviiritbcoo 
ior>-ior>.eococNcocoi-i-cocMo>eo^- 
eoeo^-coi*- •«*coi-*'*-r^*-cococM 



in IO in in CM CM CM CM U) CM CM CM CM CM CM m CM CM ID lO CM 



oooooooooooooo 

OOOOOOOOOOOCMOO 

IBCOOOOT-OOOOSOOr; 

^cocDcdincMocbr^i-iriihccco 
coaxo^-i^i-cocococor^ccxocn 

CMi-CO CMinoOCOCO i-t-CM 



IS-s 

H= ^ O) 

£'E« 



o-o-o 
x: ai co 



8 S -5 !.££:£ 

£i|.§a*" 

"/o3°?- P 



:E 



r E * 



JO 0)XJ c 
S?-C CtjUI 

*■§£■£ ? 

m - « « fi" o 

«oE?£ 

V qo Efc'Si • 

to 8c I ■OS'" -si ; 



So 



«£ -to 





D-43 



Appendix D 



qS.9 



WOt-OO 

t- <& i& in -* 
oggseo 



ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 

OOOOOOQOOOOOOOOOCOOOOQIOOIOOQOQOOOOOOCOOOOOOOIOO 

ooooqoor;qiSpqo^qqNqqoini£!q^Ni!5qinqoooooNooooT-oon 
r^ebwoc\icDT^a>cocx>oc»icbiriirW'^c\iT^cocoV : c^ 

<P<D<Or^P^t-O^t0CJ0)O , *0>000000000000f^CMT-C0C0O<£>'*C>JCMCMWrv.c^CMCV)W0>00T-t0C0»- 



OCMI^- 1-1- I*- 




a> a> 

IJ!iiiP«iIti 



3 o on ?<«> <S 3 3 3'S^.t: 

xxx*Vx»*xxxxcoco 
OOO-o-'ZO OOOOO-Q. 



co 

Etc -0 

^E a> 
$« 

m ° <« 

» u) O) 

— SP - 
0) o >>_ 

E « o 
<u = .-=" c 

jc o o <K ,, , 

EEEfaa 



.C <5 O 

» a> uj 

.E?0§ 

"2.2,? 

0.0. Q.C 



TOW*! 

»- T- co u> o>.c -£ 

co in" («" uj uj-jg g 

£££££ E"° m 
2 2 2 2 2 £.c ™ 

cdcocccocoajcc'f? 

c c c c cQ.Q.0- 



O)(0 
"5 <5> 



m 



co'o ... . 
c gS a> : 



sis 

S2 22 00 
a) aj co co to 

Sfi *-* d) (U cu 
0) UJ js jsjs 



CO -5;.= .:= c <u- 
COOSSS 9-fc j- 

jb a. q. a. a/6 caSSSSSS 

•>©aVacD" E 1 iffffH 

2 .S .E .E .E.ES2ZI £>£•£•£•£>£• 
: = = = = = = J2oua><ua>a)cD!u 

: 'c c 'c 'c - c 'c c c c c c c c c c 

DCDCUCUCUCUCUCUCUCUCDCUCDCUCUCU 
.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0. 



000000000000000000000000 

OOOOOOOOOOOOlOOOOOOOi-OCDOQ 

o^T^T^do^cJtd^c>iodi^r^'r^oduic»r<^ : o>o>ioo> 

lD(D»C010C010C0r-0)r-niDlDNS(D0)OOOM0N 
CM CM-i-CMtv CMCM CO CO CO -i- CO •»»■•*■•*• CM Od •* 



00 00 000000 0000 000000 
00 mo ooomoo ooioo oiooooo 



CMCO CMCM CO 1- CM LO CO 1- COCOCOCO r^i-U)T|-COO 
1- r^CMLOCM »-OJCOCO CM 1- * r-. C0 1- 



CO CO lO IO lO ■* CMCMlOtO CO r^ to CO 10 o> 

^-Ot-T-T-T- T--I-T-T- OOl-Ot-O 



Si 

— ■£ o 
■553 

a> = 

E*A 



C CO • « 

I ill I PI 



co£ 
. o 

_ 10 — 

«"5« 



.0 ^ 
S£ 



cu as Jo 
D.' 



>•*: E 2X3T3 o E nl 

^C CB ^ CLc CO). ' . 

-• .- "5 5 o o e Q.XJ a> E 
E ffi 8 8. a. - E c- o 5 

= r!cttpRoQ.9- 

a. co E 



cu"co 
«2 

4= i_ 




to b 

.E co 
10 »_ 

Q) O 

^ <o 
5.E 

C CO 

>.» 

o >- 
Q.a> 

8 1 

9! o ■'? icj 

* O ™ O U r- 

>•££■& s-i 

£ o co >.— 3 
ox: cu^-g-o 
w k. "U w H O 
a> n> - o a> X .2 
xii: co^S' - 

66 6^ 



cg= 

»&£ 
E-"= o 



a>c\jt^. 



8Sf 5>-ci 
S3 5 as a; a, 

•^ « ."S o °5i 



»S U-£ E u° E E 

= Or N N £ O^^^ 

o=c^==co-ocococo 
cococoBP.^isooo 

X X X X X X ** X X X 

000000 000 



CO 



;g 



O 0) 



Q.CO 

; :°E 

> .00 

> . >>1S 

3 "o 

3 :*" , 

, c 10 <u !_ ^_, 

co "> K! c 2 u> 

IS 9-g=| 5 

- xcvi o^"= >> 

3~ 6 aa|o 
<^3 X „!Z ffV 

)^Og-K?cL 

)r-'nOOOti 



<S cu 
T3 n 

- ^ cu 
. EP_ 



D-44 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



■S>§ 



*3~ 

Q> Q 

COS 



ooooooooooocoooo 

§00000000)0000(00 
OOi-OOOOi-Opt^OO>CM 

^^todwcviiooSi^w^oocdcoirioS 
oiooonoo oimniomowo) 
i-r^ r^i-7- cm cm r^- cm t- t- 5i 



OCMOOOOOOOOO 

8000QQOOOQO 
oooopCn<oropiqp 

<0o>o>a>o>a>cniocvicvir^- 

'SFCMCMCMCMCMCMCO'i-'i- 



100000 00000 0000000 000 
CMOOIOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

oooNOoqqnooNqooqqoqq 
<o oSuioicoeriiOfboi^CNi-r^irioai-i-irioi-cvi 

«>CMC\IO>CVITtr^KCM'-i-CM , «tCKlT-CVI(OTl-Tj-CJ 

1-1- cm^io t-cococo ooeoco cococo 



oovneocotocoh-f^incococoocococootococo 

i-i-OOOOOOt-OOOOOOOOOOO 



b> 



T3 a> 



co a) 

JS x x ro Q> 
>,0 O cTJ 

:±££ E c 
co a) cu^lc 

ooooo 

c c c c c 

CD CD cy Q> cu 

.cc .cc x: 
0-0-0-0-0. 



W5E 

Q) CD 3 

o-o o 

= O-to 

co co a> 

- i_ Q. 
J2« E 

cBS2 



11 

.3 



CD « 
"O (Of 

lis 
111 

TJOJTJ . 



. o 

£ >• 

9 .Q 



(0 CO nj 
o.o c . 

ooo 

c c c 

CD CD CD 



5.425 =. Li 



o o o o o o 

cccccc 

d) CD CD CD CD CD 



T3 O CDTJ 

■BcS'B 

CO O CO CO 

o| Eo 
Eioq'c 

10 o c 10 






^E 

CD <2 = 

§§e 

= >*9 

rojai: 

0.0.0 

0)4) a! 



co g- 



0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0. 



^1 

a.*- a. 



>>>,> v £ 

(0 to co ■JJ 
_-_-_r X 

0000 
c c c c 

CD CD CD <D 



92. 2 

js . to >\E 
** ■ ».£p 

!9 c — ">. ° s?^ o _ co 
to E c o C i"CO to CD 



EE 



CD CD 

"OS 

IS 



o 5 ££ SL >.'5> S^n - ?. c 

J? x 2 x 2 c o 2 >?c 3£««"c i>e c 

Oo5oS*^So|« S >.>.>. 0) = CD CD 



"SL'SL'fcS-ggg-f--"- 2 

cucd2t3=-S-SSS5SS^.«Q 




a. a. cm a. cm co cmQ-Eo. 



c cccf^rr»£«« ccc 
0ia)O(Da.n Q-Q-n Q-nn CD CD O) 

t~ e- t- I— ^^U. 1 1 LL. 1 LL. LL- _^ _£- _^ 

D.D.Q.a.^diEEoE o. 0.0. a. a. 



00000 
1-0000 

COCOf^ O CT> 
IOt^IO'*'* 
t- CO CM O) CO 
I^.t-1- CM 



OOOOOOOOi-COOOOOOOOOOOOOCOOOOO 
OOOOOCMOOOOOOOOOOCDOOOOCOOOOOO 

or^ooo^-ooooooooooop*-;pi-;*iqpppp 
i^oioc\icococotf)tbcbco^c6(ocbu>ioa>o>mc>(boi^inir)^ : 
ot^.ioo>coo>^ , coT-t-ioioioino)tO'r-i s -r^."*i-o)coco^-rs.c\i 



00000000000000 
010000000000000 
ooooooooof^oppp 
coV-'cb^cJcdoSd^r^cMcocooi 
i-cotofococotor^r^cvit^cotoin 

CMCM CM IO N^^ 



j£ CD 


10 C . 

il 




^1 

CO CO 


?* 


•50 


|s 


c 1 


(O-LT 



o-to c E.c $=■= ' 

* * '£ o> E c c • 
— — — ■£ to « § 
000 SE -! 
c c c a> a> ^ o 
££^■5.0-? E, 
£•£'£'£'0.2 E-. 

CD CD CD CD cyj - ■ CO I 

C C C C -Z o 

Q) CD a) CD '^ - 

o. a. a. 0. i-~z 



(0 Q) 

go 



CD CD 
_ C C 
OOO 

• tj'd'o 

• CD CD CD 




CD .O 

Be 



.£.= CO--2 — 




■8 * co E ® 
£ 1" « Jc Jc\5 a> a! ^" a> ^ ^ 

« ® S||f s si S g o 

Q.Q.CMQ.Q.Q.CM1-Q. Q.Q.Q. 



D-45 



Appendix D 



•S2§ 



Is 



OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOr~~OOOOOOOOOOOOT-CMOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 
OOOOOOOQOOOOOOOOOOOOOO-i-C\ICOi-C\JOOlO<OOOOOOOOOlOOOOOOOOO 

pooooocqoooooi-^ooooooooooooooppoooooooooooioooooooo 

uicbi-^cvi^cvicoiooicb^cbaiT^cbcvico^crioevii-^cococo^^cDcri 

cottio minmininininiowconiO't^enoo'-T-'-T-i-T-T-i-wwcM'^cMCMwnnnnni-wNojcviwo 



COCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOOOi— 00* 



innT-oortcocococom<r3concoiocoioioinvou5U5inininwuiinu)iou3iou7U7ioinu5inu^inu5ioinvr>ininif>in 

'-0'-OOOOOOOOOOOi-000000000000000000000000000000000 




_ . OCDCt-CMWt-i-t-t- 

inOllfl^N£' n ' _NN '* N,_n Sll)OI(llllKllll)ll) 

i-»-cNj«oto.gcc:cc:cc:cc,-o>o>o>a>oio>o> 
SSSSS-aOCo^cucucocucugro^cococflcflco 
mmmmmBmOOOOOOU oOO 66666 

Scccccccccccccccccc'cccccc'cccc'c'ccc 

.ojcucocucpcucocococogdcococococucococucococococdcocucocococucoco 

•^EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE 



Or;NoqsoT-qu5ooqpo(OiDooooooonioinn<Dooo> 
csit^KcNicJcJcof^i^uioT^^co^copioioioit^^oiTtricocor^T-:^ 

CMN-r^CMCMCVICOCJCMt^.tOCOlOCOCO't^-COI^COI^lOOO'^WCM'-i-CO 
CO CO CO CO «- CO CO CO CO CO f^ CO f- CO CO CO CO CO l>- i- t- CO ■* ^- "* •" t- 



o m ooooo oooo 

cm to t^omoo oooo 

LO lO IOOOIOO oooo 

10 10 locbiocbco ^oicocb 

CD CO 10 000"- ^Tl-OOTf 



CO N- r^ CO CO CO W CO CO •«* CO CO CVI CO m (O (O CO t^- CO * CM o> ID CO CO CD m CMIO C\J M N 

OOOOOOt- OOi-OOt-Oi-OOOOOi- t- OOOOOi- i- i- i- i- t- 




£ £ -S 1 >, >. v a> a> £ Q- Q- Q- Q. o o p T a. a. v >, js "^ccii 
co a> ?• o> o> s*^ -c. >«>>>>>« a. a. a.°f >> >> >> lo ><S £>'o o S 
i >. >. a) >. >. aj ==i=- >>c5coac5>>>>>>>>cBCoco >, co' > • <1, >> >• o> o. q. cc 

TO) »Q.»<"ii,i, «n"on n"«» l »« , ii n"n »t «Q. »« OOO o > 
Jt_c .c 1 .c .c 4- tH^.^ t t"iii-cc.E:.c: l T l T t 7.c4"-Ci.c.c.c:.cc.E * 
CMCUCL o O.Q.oQ.Q.Q.Q.CO^t<-Q-IOQ.ZQ.Q.Q.a.Q.Q. 



u — 

05 5 E 



Q-t Q. 

co P io 
2cB 2 



E 

3 C 
T3 CO 
O <0 
W a) 
T3.E 
GE 
CO JO 
u >% 

O Q. . 
■2 ° w. 



co a) 



•r; o 



(0 



Q. a> Q. Q- 



<2 o>o_2 

•r J)« O B 

-5= c °.e co 

-o></>.c 5 . 
co >»5! >>"> Ir. 

(0 Q) CO Q.CO*: 

3 E -g T3 .2 ° 

■O o O C -C = 
O C CO (0= ■ 

§5.9 .yE» 

._. g 2 CLO-CL^ 
ctlZQ.O-0- 



(0 * 

<o"je 

a> a* 

81 

s£ 
u o . 

a 2 13 

ill 

O OS 

0-0-0- 



D-46 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



5>5 



*OOMIOMIIO*^»T-0000000*000)(J)OOOOOOOOOOmOOOOMONtOIION(IIOO 

^ocvicvicvicvicvjpcvicvjwpppppppppT^cvicvi^ppwpppppp^^ppppppi^ 

' CD <D CO CO <£> t- (0(D<Di 



E.c'- ■ :^» ■■—.::: "o ::::::::: : 

I :::::::: : iSsh^^s^^:-! :: :s *::::::::: : 



•= CO 






0_ <n 

- _ _ ^ —^ f— V*l V^ >l *fc» 1^" \-/ «** V"^ "M **t V* 1^ *V T — %^i \'^ I — W 

° > S39?2Jn'-t v '«'-'-'-'^' - «>«>M^t^-ooo>o>f-T-7-»--i- 



(0 o 



■«* 10 O C\J CO t^ CT> O •<* "tf CO • ■ a, - - -_r_r_r_— xi SiSi ft 

a> 0) a> a> a) a> a> a> a> a> a> d)^ 9 5.Q.2.9.2.2.9.9.2.2 o^^^^^^^^"a>"co"cl)"a>"cl)"a>'ci>"cij'a>"co a> a> o> "a> "co 
CCECCCCCirCCCCCCirCCfECC 2> >>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>->>-> >->>->->->>>->>>->>- >»>. 



E„- 



cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc-. 

n)0)0)a<a)a><i)a)a'a)a)aia'cDa)a)co<i)a)Cu<ii(PCt)Cocoa)Coa)a)<vcua>a)a)CU(i>aictfa;cucocoaiaic«a)a)a'S; 

EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEcB 
aio>oio>o)o>a>o>c3)o>o>o>oic3)C3>o)a>a>o)a> BaonDoooaaoaoOODaoonnoaoooiaiQc 

OOlOBOOOOOOOOrOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOrOOOIOIONBOinolflogOO 
OII)4«OOOOOOOONOOOOOOOOOOOOI * "■ ""-' ■-* ■ — .'•-..-.■- -" ■■■'- — -■■-< ■•»- 

i-c\ioooooooooooooooo->-e\ie l j*ooo< 



ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 



'i'E'lS-pEES-E-E' 




D-47 



Appendix D 



I-S 






oooo oooooooooooooooooooooooooooo o oooo 

mooo ooo ocjooooi- ooooco inooioioinooooioooi O QQOO 

*-000 nOOOOOOONNOOO*rOOSOIOSCOIl!OOOON CO *l!)OW 

t-^^co co •* o in o ed o> o> o> oi r^ cdoicvi^ ocvi cjcvir-^ c\i c\i in o> t^ t-^ c\i ^ 

r- CO CO t- -i- i- t- CO CM CD CM i- -i- t- CO CO CO J- CO t- CD i- CO CO <D CO CD CO CO LO CO 



ooo oooo 

- — OOO OOQi- 

ONOON OOIOLO 

co co r~- co r-- r~- co coo>i*-co 

CO CD CO -r- CD CD <D CD CD CD CD 







CD <D <U 

c c c 

2 «) » 



COCOCB.Q.QCO.QjQ.a.Q.a.OoSoo'O <£2>w- CU CU CU CU 0) CU CD w oi ,,i oi ii o> <p a> - 

_>»_>«_>«_>._>j]l ^.^^.^.^.>>.><.>>.>« .>■.>'.>>.>«.><.>«.>>.>•.>«.><.>>.>«.><.>«.>>.>".><.>>.>• y 

ooooo^'oooooooooooooooooooooooooooo ,D 

0-0-0-0.0. 0-0.0-0-0-0-0.0.0.0-0.0.0.0.0.0.0-0-0.0-0-0-0.0-0-0-0-0. 



o o o o o o o 
D. a. Q. CL D_ a. a 



ciCO.-..— .— — .-. — .-.CO — — — . 



cu ai cu 
ooo 

CLCLQ. 



OOOO OOOOOIOO CO OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO OOOO OOOO o ooooooooo 



ooooooioooo>oioooooooooooooooooo>o>oooooooo 
u5cq»ppu5wpp^c«JO>CMpppppqpcDU5ppppppincj)coqioopppp 
cd cocbi^eoc»if>Or-^i-cvicScoiri^»irio^eocviocdi^cb 



OOOOOOOIOO 

ooooooioor^ 
iri^-coi^iocbc^oSco 

CMCOt— O>00COi— t— CO 

■<fr ■* co^ •»ffr r-^co 



^■•^■O^'J-^l-CMCMCVI 



CU 03 
Q. 

o.» 



CC-S CO — 

c a. c a. 

Q-CVIQ. a 



x"x 

o o 

a> a> a> 

c c c 

cu cu cu 

ccc 

Q-CLCL 

i.0 



OS o 
co 5 

cu <u : 

c c 
cu cu 



°c 



co-c c ca 

5^caccucua>cu... '^"-cu — jsisbjb; 
c»o=cccc*-5«cEiSiSiSS 

fsS UNNNNsCCiiS 

)oRnjcocococoSoo >v" 



K O CU 

•D Ot! 

£ >.3 



c u eg 

n n c 

o r- cu 

i: En 

-?Qr-: 



•CD 

• cu o 

aCD--> 

73 1° "2. 

C0 o o 

"-2« 



00 



cu = o 
c co = 

O . CO 
TJO . 



O co co" 

S o o 

■S 3 3 

CU c 0)0) 

•o T cu CU 



offl 0>0)_ 



J. S2iii 
a} cu >. 

££y 

o^-i5 

.op 

e ° q. 

01 0I>> 

Ejog 

5-oj.e 

£ 



0) 
























m 
























£> 












u 












co 










">. 








42 


€ 




<L 


: ^3 


t- CU 




a 


. cu o- 


j£s 




E 


: Exi 


g* 






* • >»E 




c 


o ■ 


>s cu 


1 c 
<2 £ 


aj cu 
^cu-c a 


a 

E 
c 


a 

1 

c 


• a 
•.£ 
c 

-n-te 


c 
ct 





oj-5-5£ w'cxi-o « £ 

££«J2J£-o-2,co!.° E 

<" = o co ^ c .c w — o co 



: c 9.0.0.9.9.0.0. 

^b-CLCLQ-D-CLQ-Q-Q-aQ-il. 



OOOO 



Q. CM Q. Q- Q- 



C«j<„ ,, 00(0,,,, CC CScc 

iSJ5i5J5~~ HL'-S. o.y^oooo ai cu 

OOOOOOroC0^ OO<JolJ = — — 
CO CO CO CO CO CO ^- * r^COCOCOCOCOCOCOCO 

D. D. Q. Q. OL 0. 0_ D_ 



00000000 

Q.O.0.D.D.D.D.H 



D-48 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



2>§ 



■2§ 



oooooo o 

QOOOOO CO 

Sooooto CO 

CO CO "^ 1— 00 t- i— 

CD lO U? 0> CD 00 n 

COTTTf CO* t- * 



lO *■ •* m ■»* in to 



■? 8 CO 
CO CO lO 



CDIO CM CM CM 



COOOOOOOOOOO 

T-cMoinooooomoo 
oinocooooinoio? 
irWiriodcbcMiritricoirir^ 

a>lOC0<O00O>COC0O><DC0 

T-r^i-* co co^Fi- 



o o coo o ooooo 

Q © QO CM i-OOOO 

* in in o in ^oooo 

■* r^ p*-^ i^ •^■oicbood 

CO 00 00(0 00 (0COCOCMCO 

iv. i- *-i*- t- r- 



m iocm in 



co 



as.* 

SJSl 

£ to « 



— W J-/ 

£ Si 



OS 
TJ >« 
£- 

^E 



~too>, 

O) 



E = £*?£ co^i^ 

^Hl^r- <o o gj^-c 



c^EZ E ^-S. 



gj| 0-5,0 

in i/>"g 0) 



OT3 



O U> 
C CO 



"P 0)*D "D 



CD a, CM 

ES'iS' 
.e — ■ 

Q.C0CM 



E 

So" 

■a o 

■£ o 

B 0) 

■ c 



« E = :e| 

— co ifl u, « E 



«25.Su>£o.cu.c£ 



E2 
£E 

I* 

Q.Q. 

■6$ 

Sia 



— co^.oco2cocos2«S 
£ ^ °-£ £ £ » £ c "i 



•|=,i|^l>><CM„-|cM o CMCM»CMa| 



-= ~pi 7^ CO (0 CO > 

o??383£. 

0000000 

a. o_ a. o. cl a. a. 



■5 >»S"o >«o >«>^= ><>•>*' 
a.xP_xcoxxcoxxx 

o-o-c °>o c 'oo o » o 




*S-o^ 



£<n-o>> 

CO CD m O 



£.e'>»o'C"o *■£ ° * 

»Sx°5°o o__ c 

oi 25 At r- iii n LO *=? c 




'ooooooooooo 

0.0.0.10.0.0.0.0.0.0. 



^■oSooSoqO 5^= S- 
5 o. g; o. o. g; oj o. 0. 3 £ 

"oPoo^o'o.oooo 

CL tbo. 0- &-D. 0)0.0.0.0. 



OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO OOO QO 
N-OOOIOOOOinOUOOOOOOOO^'OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

oioi-oNNOONOioiooooNooomoooqiDNoqooooooqqonoq 
CMWcnooor^oicMiricMr^OTcicoco^oocvicticbr^^^^i^coodcb^ 

" ■ ■ - " ■ " - - — " ~ ~ ~ — ~~ ~ ~~ ~ j ~* ■ s o) 10 *r ^t cm 

T-C0Tt"**O ■* N- I s - 



lOO 
OO 
CO CD 

com 



CMCM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM ^1- 1 00 CM CM CM CM in in lO in m CM m CO t O O *•* in ■* CO ^OOCM CMCO 



o «JS- 

OOO 

c c c 

OOO 

EEE 

OOO 
OOO 

0>0)0> 

Q) 0) d) 

ecu 
_o)_o>_a, 

>->>>. a; 
£££co 
a> a> a>^ 

o 00 w 
a. a. a. 




a>a>wa>a)a>a>cva)cupa>a)a>a>a)cua>o>c7>oio>oi ojc ^x:^j=.S.s2.i2ttfcfcfct^^<i)C -=~=> 
_>._>,_>,_>,_>>^._>,^,^.^.^._>>^,^,_>,_>._>,_>._>._>._>. ll >.^.^. l >.^.^«^. l >.^ , ^ > ^^ , ^^^2^^ , ^ , ^ , co i>i>i> 
ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo'*"ooo 

0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0. O.O.Q. 



°o 

a. 



D-49 



Appendix D 



!§ 



■SJ§ 

W2 



moo inoooooooooooooooooooooooooooN-ooo 



CO 00 oooo 



i- to cotoh- i — 1~~ r~- r^ 



r^i-c\icOi-eucMa>oo^T^iDcoi-*-ococvi-!-T-cDor^cMC\ioof^.ivr^wo> 

<DooocooNniDuiNa)0)T-i-(oifl(oinocooino*no)ooB^nT- 

00inrv^5fc0T-*^-^tC0O00CMC0 WOW t-Ot-t-i-1-1^. 



^•^•co 







"o<o 
;5cvT|§ 

Ill's 

g-cco * 



Q-a> Q. 
w o c o w g o 

cb Seii gob Scnicm 

,-" T-"0- *-" 1-",-" 



°r " 0-0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.5: a.2 "£" q. q. o. a. q. q. q. q. q_£ 

IMCLOOOOOOgOggggOQ-OCLCLCLQ-OOOOOOOOOO 

r-'aQ.a.Q.a.a.a.a.Q.Q.Q.Q.a.ii c£ a.co ccocCcLQlDlQlcLQlcLa; 



Q.Q. 



oo 0000000000000000000000 

OO O^COOOONrlOIOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

t-O NOOOOOOOMOnOOOOOOS^IDOO 

edi^ i>^ eo corv oo oi o> oi ed oi oo oi c\i o io ^ oi co i^ t^ ui i^ 

COCO CO r- i- •*'*■<*'*'* CO ■* CO fv. O t- CM ■* t^.*-r-C\JOO 

■t- y- coco coco co^^r^co 



OOOOOOOOOOi-OOOOOOOOOO o 

ooooooinooooo^roooooooo oo 

oiONoqqiDoqoooooocooooom cm 

* t-^ t^ oi t-^ o o> •* ui co itbo r^ d io i<6 1^ oo co ■* co i^ 

1^ CD N. CM tv t- W CD CD CD t- CO CM •* 00 00 00 00 00 00 y- t>- 

tv. t- CO CM h- CO CO CO CD tv < r>~ CO ■* 't •* CO CD ■* ^- 



£ 
■ w co 

}z cEcm 

cos.a 

£ tu o >- 
g^o£ 

— Et^- 
2 g t— o 

■s.'S^S 



c g 

'CO 1. 
CU CO 

iTE 

o >* 

Eo 

c ££e£l 

nnK n uOO 
£ £ a; a) aJ ox: 

co io w-^J: » o> a> "ISS 
»0>»8$5OoE??S 



c-of, 

8§3« 



a 

ga> 
« £2 



5 

E 2 
CO Q- 

■Hg 

JO Q. 
CNICM 



2 tu^E a>£££ 

N«£ CO CO » S« 
X) DCM OliScNCM o 



EEEEEEEEE 



■jk-jk >•>•>.>%>.>%>%>. c 3 3 = = 3.3.2.3.3 
2 2.E.E.E.E.E.E.E.E - ! 3 ~ ~ 

000000000000 
Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q.Q. 



E 
tu.2,_ 
o5'S«>S 

15 p = * 

co co ° , 'S5 
EE»E 
3.3-5.3 

co co Js 10 



3.3.3.3.3.3.3 
co 'co 'co to to "co '10 co 

SCO CO </> CO <o CO to 
CO CO 03 CO 03 CO CD 

0000000000' _ 
0-0.0-0-0-0-0-0.0-0- 0-0.0. 



5JS 

EE 

'to 'to 
to to 



o 
■P,£ 



CD CD 
C C 

2° 
o o 



<".£ t= 

§§l 

•1 E § 

o 2 2 c c 
0.0-0.0.0. 



ajlo'o 
^ - >. 

£ a ^ 

^ o c 

i>C _, 
0>S= O^T3 

= »E«o 

o C ^ O) 

c o co .E cu 
tu = .E .E o 

qIcxqIixqI 



=6" 
tu E 
5,0) cu cu 



CU-i- 



cO CO 

-K£o> 

^.|« 

x E^ 

to z . >. 

coZ£ 

i-O) o 

£ W E§ 



■c.E.E.E -^ tu.^->, 

-oCOaJco^cOp-— (p 

E SSS2 "flow's 
o5ggE-& = = cS 
E 00 olomSSo 

Srcc 9>!>ooO 
000 aio>" " x 
00000 ona. o 

IX CL Dl IX Ql Oi t^- t^- 



D-50 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



■2,9 



COS 



O 



oaovT-aioiNOONOoiooooooN^iooooo^oonoi^O'-onoooooooiviiiinoioo 

qopoqqrMqqoqqSqoqSoooooSSooooooo^T-r-wooooooooor-r-r-o 

Tr^uquDcD<D(Ddr^'aicrido6ojcoTrinN^r^i^^<xid^ 

v*^t^***'j , **i , *^T-i-T-T-i-i-i-i-»-T-cM(MWN(M(vi(onnonwNnnnnooor-i-T-T-i-»- 

o>0>o>o>o>a>0>o>o>o>o>o>o>0>a>a>o>oo>o>o>oo>oo>o>o>o>o>o>o>o>o>o>oioo)o>o>oa>a>o>a>a>o>cT>CT>o> 



o>^ a) _^2- 
• Or- >*r r 



<D CU Q) <D a) 0} CU 
^ _3 _3 _3 _3 _3 _3 

mffl mfflmffi ffl 
0) a) <d a> <d a> a> 



cu <u ? 

= = 2 

CD ACQ CD CD 



5 > > > 

CO CO CO CO 
cu cu cu cu 
CCCCCCCC 



> > > 

ts'tsts 

CO CO CO 

n> a> a> 
octree 



cu cu cu 

tststs 

cd cu at 
CCCCCC 



a> cu 

tsts 

CO CO 

cu cu 

oca: 



CD 
10 

CM CO CD O CM ■* CD 2. 
O-i-^-T-i-i-CMr^-CDCD-o 

*" <U CU CU CU CU <U CU CU CU m ,_ •>- rf i- CO CO CT> 

C O) O) D> C3> Ol O) O) O) O) cjjcvj i- CM CM CO CO •«* •«* 

2552225225 « « 13 q> U a> « a> » 
OOOOOOOOOO 6 tree tree a: octree 
cucucucucucucucucucucucucucucucucucucu 

CIS 13tSt3 T5T5T5 1> t> T5T5T3 TStS TS'BB'B 

cocococococctocococococococococonjcoto 

<DC0C0<DCL)<DCDCDCD<DCD<D<DCDCD<L>CD<1>CD 

0CCC0C0C0Ca.0C0CCCCC0CCCCC0CCCCCCCOCCC 



oi-oco <5 



^CM>* 
■DT3T3 



oo^- cu*-in-s 



a> a) a) 
> >> 

tststs 

cu <u cu 
octree 



'-CM j^-k 
*0"D 
CU a>~0 O 

trtr25 
cu cu cu cu 

> > >> 

■dtSTSC 

CO CO CO CD 
CU CU CU CU 

CC CCCCCC 



-3?.2>.2.2.2 
.2 o ^ ^ IE 

cu cu cu cu cu 
> > > > > 

CO CO CO CO CO 
CD <D CD CD CD 

tree octree 



CD 

OlO CU 
<DCD >, 

o o 6 



CM CO CO 
^■COt- 

o o o 

cu "cu "cu a> a> "iu 



cu cu cu 
> > > 

cu cu cu 

octree 



cu cu cu 
> > > 
t513't5 
cu cu cu 

troeoe 



oooooooooooooooooooococooooooo o 

OOOOOOOOi- OOOOOOOOOOOOIOOOOOOO o 

t^ OOOOOOOOOOCMOOOOt^OOOOOOOOOOCM o 

cncooo^cbiricNcnr^^cDcni^cDi^co^cNcooidciaicicMi^cii^ ai 

<D CM Tj- rj- <J> CD CD CD CO O O CO r- t* Tt CO CD CO I*- N. CO CO r- O O) O CO CJ> f~- 

^"OOt— CO CM GO CM i— *- f^ CO CO CO t— CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO f** "^ 



oooooooooooooooo 

ooooooinooooooooo 

OOIOWOOSOOOOOOOOO 

coco^oScMCMCl>'i- : cMco'd : o)C)'i- : c\ico 




a> cu 



CO $ 

cu "»*: 
•o E« 

CO ^ CO 

>- o.E 

CU 10 N g, 

cucu!5 



*-S"g«gg2 






CU O 3 

£*? si 

■c«Mc>c5g 
>.o E 



CU CU-= 5EOg)i ^._ 

c3»°r £ > S >0 ft , st'S8 

s^s^s^s^O O st*0 o cu 

acxo.at:t:o.i:gjs 
oooo0lclo0l&.o 
ClOlClOl c cOlcmcmOl 




<B <B W 3 3 3 3T3 5.T3CC-0-0 S >.V51S*1 

S 2 S co to co to >5" >*l Q. >. >» >f? -v ^2 ° j 

Q. Ql Cl Cl CL Ol Cl Cl cm a. cm cm D. Q. Ol cm ■* a. O ( 



^»C0 
rO ■ CU 

> 5S co 

. "iS^g 

.OjlCS 

•'•5-c "o 
2>.£cu 

S CO-S Q.O 

Etj r co cu 

X o CM C C 

« .9 * to to to 

: £€ £ 5 co co co 
: omo!? > <1,<1,<1> 
= E E S.2 2 2 

8 3'3 CO CO CO CO 

OOtrocoetr 



^lOCJ> 

™ o o 

to CO CO 

CO co ca 
5><u cu 

2^^ 

CO cu cu 

troeoe 



"CO-* 

o cu cu 

CO 3 3 

smm 

CU CU cu 
> > > 

tS'-G'-G 

cu cu cu 

troeoe 



O) 

cu cu cu 

CD CO CD 
cu CU CU 
> > > 

■c'ts'ts 

CO CO CO 

a> cu cu 

troeoe 



D-51 



Appendix D 



1§ 



COS 



oooooooooooo 

OOOOOOOOOOOO 

oiONOOooooooq 
^cdtdodcoT-^oJT^wtvcviw 



ooooooocoooooooooooooooooooooooomoo 

OOOOOOOOQOQOOOOOOOOQOOOOOOOOOOJOCOOO 

^w<o^^c\iriw^weJwiocvJo^^Maio><brinc6oc\iooJcoo^ioc\io6 
cococuocococotDcoco^-cointDcot^cwi-in'-cvicocorocrxoT-oo'^-m'-oomLr) 

^f(D<Or^|vKC0l^r^<OCM«>«3<D(D(O^» , e0N.|v.^fTfl^.CO^-'«tC0C\J ^ ooo 



& 






coco 



S|8 

•go ««« 

>-c5EEE 
1^=2=2=1 



8« gcu 
§|^| 

gg^Sfr-c 
£?:==-£ * « 
«8£S.E» 

>."5»a> o~ >> 

£££«££ 



,. O TJ =6 T3 
.ifi « O O O 
CO CO CO CO CO 



.e . a> a> 5.C-5 o) 
<D«a)EEg.£NE 
■a x S >> >> S3 >\3 >• 

5 ■£« X X -g £ T3 X a, 

5 c S S S e >>~ si 

EEE£EfiS»EE 
3 355.3 6^.22 

T3T3T3T3-DCOgS"OT3 
OOOO OY O O 

CO CO CO COCO 1- 



2« 
0.9 



"5.2 :« • a> 
S « o 



■"= S £ x*> 2 
"5.Q.3? £ ° -S 

.Sxr E » ° S 
pa-g.cljg-g.ga.J 

a> 3 2 -£. .0 ^, a. a> a> 

re <p f'S^.a.ffi <j> § ' 
EEEEEEEEE 

333333 3 33 

T5T3 : OT5T3T3 : 5 : : D : 
OOOOOOOOO 
COCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOC 



»'-6 



^.2 a) a 



;eee 

13 3 3 
ITJTj'O 
IOOO 
I CO CO CO 



SB co 

Q.X 3 

S££ co 
a) a)i= a) 
E Eco 
E EE E 

3 3 3,3 

: D : : : 
OOOO 
CO CO CO CO 



a>5io <» 



a> a> 
ffljgiB 

tBffff 
lfgNJ 

o 0.0.0. co co 
EEEE EE 
3 5 5 3 5 5 
tj'otjtj'otj 
000000 
CO CO CO CO CO CO 




IOOOJOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOJOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

nooinoooooaao 000000 oooooocm 0000000000000 000100100 000 

ooooooooooommoooooooooooooooooiqoocjooooooor^-oojoooo 
McocNoiai^r^^cN^cOT-irioiococviiriciiaiouiaio^o 

(MON 0>0<OOtO»-r^-*i-«)»D<DCOIOeOCOr^r^lOU)*OOCvll^OOOOOlO<OtDOOOOOi-N.<D'«tCOC\lCOO><OT-00 

o>-r-evi eo *F t- 00 w *- m rv *- 1- cot- ^"d-i-i- *-*-*- * 10 1- 1- ■* co t^ tO'ftoo inco^i- •* 

^^(oiocomr^«DU)i-inu)r^ioc>JCJc\ievi'4-ooioiouDcoooa>o>^'r>-r^co<oioioro(oio<«t'iO(ocvi(D<c><Dto^-ooio 

Ol- Ot- OO OO y-r-t- T- © T- i- i- i- t- »- Of- i-OOOO Oi- OOOO t-t-OOi- i-i-O i-O OO i-t-Oi- 



a> •_ 
££ 



So 9 

o 8 co 
fc** o 



"ail 



o x 



a> .s .& 

>cou 

cioo 
co c u> co 



o >> 
o o c 

Sec 

0Cca.tr 



^-*"p co co co d) 
c g o o o IS ~ 
> a> a) a> a> X Jg 
^oooo°™ 

is 00 on g g 

ir br ix be ir cc rx 



SSS-glS 



to u> 1 
o o 

CCCCC 



_ — a> 
E Em 
CD CD <u 
c c _c 
CO <o 'to 
000 
DC DC DC 



"■g 

CO .5 

SJE 

ifi 

g l 

■a-o 
Co 

CO CO 
CO CO o 

«==«: fo 
.E.E co 

10 10 X 

000 

OCOCDC 



MM 
CO CO 
5.9.9 "= 

S- c c co£ 

fllir 

Eg.pia.-gS 
= ^T.E .E ■> CO 

TjS CO CO O)^, 
o,9> 10 CO cW 

"'=5 o ore. 

0) o o p a> 
c E Q. o. > .E 

o 5 i ira; s 

(2 cu d) 0) Cc 
aD£^^ o 
XX> JDX1 CO o 
O 3 3 3 3 CO 
DC DC DC DC DC CO 



'E 



E 
*• 3 
co fu 



sp 



E o 

.3 0) 
T3-C 

o >«"D"0"a"o . .u 
-■ffi'5'5"5'3 • p 

r" JH m fll fit frt ^ 1 



O 



(0 



E.E'-g « « * « <i> o _ 

COCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCO 

CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 



,^t r r 

T3 a>o ai 
O^ O Q. 

- c "a .9 



cuci)o>ci>cucL>"r:-=-= — 
CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 



co -ji 
S co co 
co .E.E 
a) co co 

o.S!2 
a> a> a> 
c cz c 
000 
000 



D-52 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



E . 

0)0 



CM CM OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO^i-; !-;*-;'•-; i-;00 0>OOC\!C"3C) 

cMe\i^ioWtbooo>i^o6cno)0>coui<br^i^ri^ioiowtf5U5U5<D^od^o)c>oc\i 

^^T-i-i-T-T-i-iommioin(D(o«><DNssNSSNNsso>eoo>ooo)0)in 



o oooooooooooo 

m (oooooooooooo 

co co op co p q p p t-; ■«*; pop 

i^ tv o >ai r^ 10 * cm t^ -r^ cm 10 r-^ 

f«.UWCMCOi-i-COCOCO!^lO 



OOOOOOOOOIOIOiaXHOIOIOimOIOIOlOinnOIOIOIOIOT-Ori-rN ^- t *t U7 Tf CO ^t- CO 



, ?> 



"Of-S-S-S-S 



c c c 
a> a> a> 
^>> 
o o o 
cococo 



goo 
>>> 

ccE 
a> a> cu 
.> >.> 
o o o 
COCOCO 



co gi 

co *51r^ *s er ^5 CO co 
5= -o >JS ;= -2 a> aj ^ 

ooo°ooooooooooo63S S S2 c c - 



CO^COCOCOOCMCOC 



« O^^"cl>"a)'cu"cu"cl)"ci>"ci)*co"cp"c5"©"ci)"ci)"cu"ci) 

>■>>-' 



ID COTS 

.C-O.C: ai 

E~EE 
o c o cu 
oSi o co 



S5JS 
s»co co </>■>, 

£ = 5 = 52 

■JJ-O OT3 g- 

&>S£ S 2 

g Q.0> Q.D- 

■o E cu" c cu" 

S.Se'Gb 
.<2g.Sg.<3 



t>E ■ w 

CU CO 

o 0) w p o 
x: >.E cu cu 



IS 

D1CC 

■a ai 



■£ c c.E to co co°!_.E 



a> cu a> 
>>> 
o o o 

(OCT) CO 



He:? 

0)0)0) 

o o o 

COCOCO 



cc c c"c 

CU CU CU CU 0) 

>.£>>> 

o o o o o 
CO CO CO CO CO 



c cc: c c 
cu cu cu cu cu 
>-2 > > > 
o o o o o 
CO COCO COCO 



c"c c 
cu cu cu 

o o o 
CO CO CO 



*o o>"5 cu 




a)C0. c C0x; ( i)~ooE : 5C0C0C0>.>. 

— >>o>>>o>-c^c:ccu_.oio)0)£E 



o o «* h eg c c 

-e co o"o"o"oo 552^2 = 2 s S-§L«^ss.e s 

J >€-E-E-e-S-S 
oooooooo 
co co co co co co co co 



o o 

)C0C0 



CO 



O O^-j 
CO CO £2£iz CO CO CO CO CO CO 



O TO O 0,SSYO 0.0-0-0.0. 



oooNoiooniooooooooNcoaiooooNoooooooosNoonooooooooaoiooi 

OO^t^OONnOOOOOOIOONNOOOOIOOOOOOOOIOSOIOOMOOOOOOOOdllONS 

ppppooooooooooooi-i-T-ooooooooooooooooooooooooooi-i-;-^'!-; 
E . irir^^i^r^ocMcbcboi^co^r^^cocbcoeouJi^eooimcMr^M 

CD.O mi0V0l0l0CMCMCMCMCMC0C0C0C0C0C0C0C0C0*^^^*^r^r^e0C0C0C0C0C0C0C0C00>C»0>0>0>OOTr'-'r-^-^-»- 

4:2 oooooooooooooooooooooooooo>o>o>o>cno>o><7>cna>cncnc7>cncna>oooooooo 



CO ID 101^-0 



OOt-OSN SL 
rvi r^i *t\ te\ •*. rr\ _^* 



ocMcom^ogigK •CMcoi--CMCMcocDr-o>^ : 
>oocMCM'^" ,cvl " , "«cucucucua>a>cucucu ( ,, ■ 

>t-t-i-t-CCCCCC O) O) O) O) O) O) O) O) D) £,,- 



,- t cd co ct> in cj> 
co^tcor~-oicOi-cococD<o!-^^ 



fti- CM CM CM CM ■* CD i 



)CO COCBCfl333 33333333333popPHgggggggg^^COajcucucDCUCUQ)a)fllcUOJQ)a>a> 

immmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmcomCSOOOOOOOOO oCECcazircccECEaicEccircEcccE 
•ccccccccccccccccEccccccccccccccccccccccEccc^cccc 

JCU0JCDCyCPO)0>Q)Ci>a>CUCUQJO)O>CUO)0)Q>CU0>0>O)0)0>O)0>0)O>C0O)CUa>CUCOCUCUO)GJO>O>O>O)CUO)O)O)<D 
>00000000000000O00000O000000O0OOOOOO000000OO0O000 



D-53 



Appendix D 



I|j 



i- OOOOOOOOOOOOOCMWOOOOOO)^tOlO«)OON.OOOOOOC^OOOOOOOOOOOO 

CM OOOinOOnOQOOOOII)*OICOOO<»«0)*«)in*OOOQQOII)0000 00000000 

t- iooinnioooinMmoooor-oiniooooooooooinoiAiApqonoNooooqoqo 

r- r^ in in o in r^ •* n- N: co rr'*'** * ^- •* ■* ^- •* ** •* co •«* op o> cm cm co T7 x-_ rr cm cm *r cm co g> o> op 



t CM OLOCMO 



t- ^«(Oi- *- Tf CM CM CM CM •* CM CM CM CM CM 



<s « 

-2 to 

E *> 

3 O 

E* 

i| 

« >> 

EaS 
=6E 



ClO 
P 

E2 

(tea) 

£•«? 

CO >.o 

co £; -= 
CO a; o 
co55 



.E c.E 
in co u> 
cu ^ ci) 



a> 



0) 



0) 



w ^ w 

>_ ^>>- 
co^co 
E >>E 



■*frf 



iS* co 

8.2 



"-or e 

a> co o >, 

Ilia 



O-CO 



A O 



S° O 



CO o 

JSo.£ 

IsiiO ' : s 

fc CO .5 CO CO co ._ m 

fcE Q-totS^E n | 
£•&■£• e'C' g1-5.-s.-2 

COCOCOCOCOmmmo 
Q><D<l)C0C0lZwii.i_ 

555555555555555555 






J2 

co 

£ 
<5 co 

Ep 

O o 
u> o a> 

Q.S X 



•D CO CO 




ooooooooo oooooo ooo ooo ooo 

OOOOOOOIOO 0)00000 1000) ooo ooo 



inioocDCMOcnaiin 
or^-cot-^-cococo^- 
^■r^.^-'^oiiococo-^ 



niooooo 
t^ cb c\i 10 c\i o 

h- N. ■* CD CD If) 



•*CMO> 

rococo 



OlOO 

oSoSi^ 

CO CD CD 



IOOCM 

retried 

CD CM CO 



r~- i- CD CO O CM CO CO ■* -*1010101010 1010 COCOCO COt-CO lOCOCOlO 



— www 

CO CO CO 

w £. — .S 

CO .CO CO CO 



OOlOIOOOOOOOONNOSNCOnNW 

cbcMoi^oo^aio^^i^oocdobcbcbiococbcb 

0OCOCDCOCOCOCDr^.CO©f~i-i-T-i-T-COCOCOCO 



*-wcococococooi^r^co 



CO lO 1/5 CO lO lO CM CM CM CM 10 CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM i- CM CM CM CM CM CM 1/5 CM CM CM CJ> lO CM CM CM CM CM lO CM CM CM 



T5-ocm_T3 a; 

C0»U)O>.S 

o = = o^ E 
cgggxfco 
2 c c c y co 
~pz co co co co co 




co co co 
555555 



CO CO CO CO CO 



5555 



CO CO CO 

555555 



S~ a> x x c 

Q) <-> = O « Q. Q.-0 

Sraco- Eto -§.oo>, 
•? >-ra aja; j 

T-= OOJST3tjT300T3 

>."c5 .!2 .<2 cm .2 iS o ±Z ±2 c 

o ' CO CO CO ^ 

Jgoooo£o>.>.>.>> 

^COCOCOmCOCOCOCOCOCO 

C/)cococOa>cocococococo 

z555555u>555555555555 



D-54 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



I§ 



oooo 
oooo 
oocoo 

t^Ott-i^ 

ior-cor- 

IOCO CO 



OOOO OOOOOOOOOOIO 

OQNO f- OO OQOr-QOi-O 

p^cmcmcm cm o t- <» i^ co cb i^ iri iri io 

cor~r-r- r^. t^ r- to to to to to in in in 

ifitotoco co cm i- -i- 1- 1- in in irt 



oo oooooooooooooooooooooo 

r. to iDiDffiooi-iiioinNooonooioooooo 

(ON co io ^ oo co co cm o> c\i cm cb ^ cm t* cm cb ^ o c» o> to to 

OTtO r- f-. CO tO tO tO r- P-. t- i- to ^ IO CO r- r- CO < CM 0) CO CO 

coi- coio t- i- r- to t- co co t- io in r-*cococo 



CMCMCMCM CMCMCMCM CM CM CM CM in in IO in CM CM CM CMIO CM CM CM IO IO W CM W CM CM W CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM 



I§ 



a; o> 
■co"S 



a> 



!SS®5 

<" <" w^r 

"OT> c S 

8(3 "He? 
o>^--o o> 

C±= OT3 

'm <? 



ft) 



CO 

1*1 s 

till 

.c o c2 
a> E.2 £> 
SjS >.£ 
c£x: a> 

•E.2»E 

to to to" to to 
22222 
'o "5 'o 'o 'o 

CO CO CO 03 CO 

oooo "5 



0)2° 

■o£iu6 
S-o?^ 

5>8 8t0 

o»*5 

D-C.E " 

2'E E "° 
°-cB<^ 



C0Q.Q--5 

-pj-r; CD 0> to 

<ii a> c c n . 



* x co co c 



oo««g 

•P. -C — -= O 



io^ 
c co ui 
E io . 

.2 C T3 

u> t a> 

OS™ 

O O 3 
Q.10 10 



"o a> 

2.2\2 
o CO o 

So E 




<!>■■*= 2 2 E-- 

c co in m in Q 

5SS22 §■ 



_"0 
»°<0 

n a- a; 
= ciS 
»gc5 



« CO 

o w 
o a> 

li 

« o 



cos: 
-co?* 

v^o 



; co 



^.i'io. 



nut 
■g-g s 
; 'o 'o £ 



CO CO q) 

fetts 



u> •= 



co. 



o> o> H.5.>» 

- - ■ » O .« - - -"S £ S CO CO CO CO CO 

:r tj -o "o -a -3 2 "g 2 g ■>, 2 « •£".&.&• •&•■&■ 
" S'ci'lo'io^ S'S'S'lo S ".-511111* SSSfSi E ECL s 



,C0 .CD .CO .CO .CO .CO .CO .CO .co 

v— y— y— t— t— 



"■5 o 'o - o o *= ^o o "o 

2" ==== = = 5^5 = = 



o o o 

.CO .CO .CO 



o o o o o 

CO ,C0 ,C0 ,co ,co 



ooT-moooop 

^T-^f^inoioWT- 1 



.IU ,1U ,IU ,W .\U ,W ,\U .Ml .W.W,W 

I— r-t— r-r-i—p-r—r-p-r— 



oo 
mo 



>.-o = = S 
o o o o a) 

^ico 15 



CO 

s « ^ 

Si; E 

ojl'o 



.Oj; 
m 'o> C0±i 

M£° co«> 
iS iS _i c E 
~ >>~^o 3 

■ = jc;jc E ° 

.i?o« M . 
"> ^ -= wo 
ES"S«»2 



CO 

£ to u> 

coo 

** CO CO 

= JJ 

° o o 



CO 
CO 

<» J- 

%a 

E " = 

CO C CD 

03» 

™ !8 3 
.9>oo 

"D O.CO 

to" to" to" 
■g-g-g 
"o'o'o 

o o o 



■o a> 

2(5 
co~ 






a> a. 

a> a> a>" a>~ 



o o o o o o 

.CO .CD .CO .CO .CO .CO .CO .CO .CO .CO .CO ,co 



n 

JO CO 
o >, 

C X 
CO o 

££ c c = _ 

€".1111 

"•""" "q co co (C cd 

2 § J'^'^ % ^ 
co« ■ a a K 

§§2222 

pi i«££££ 



OOOCMCMCOOO 

,, „ r 1 CM ^t ^ ^ ^ IO OO - 

00>-r-i-COOOCO o> o> o> o o> o o> o> CJ> WO) o o>o> O) 



om 
tbtci 



OOOOOtDOOOOOOOOOOt^O 

OOOOOCDOOOOOOOOOOOO 

tooooooooooooominopp 
toc3icri^o^^r^ocMr~!oiri'*CMo6r^co 



CO CM ■»* ■* CM -i 



CM CO CO CO CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM 



£16 
a> co 

EE 
■D.2 



■"-o 



■g 

^c5 JfcE 
= £ cujB co 
"off w 

C Old) §-^ 

= co oj.2 3 

2~c&.» 



gg at °»x: oi"^? 

»>.'a'S£ c o>'to25 
■iTftl cs o™ a>o 
: ?J o o= S~^ w 2 

s „r££ to to to * e c , 

5 o Q.o.o'o'o'o.E2 

:yoococococaoo 

3S-2S0"0"M = 

2 o£o EEE =: = = 
«~ =3000000 



5l||li.il 




r ar.2.sottig s; 

1 .lOTJ^^TSTJ-OC^CO 
CO 

j 22222222c 
5 :'o'o'o'o'o'o'o'g S 

] COCDC0C0C0COC0C0._ 

. ~ .. .. •. •« #« r* #t rt'O 



) c OOOOOOO OTJ 
ICOOOOOOOO. 
I=>3=]333333>^ 



:e 



.S3 . co 



sz « : o 
oo :| 
«= :2 

- c ■ E 

2 8^ § 

2oS5 

22*22" 
'o'o'o'o 

CO CO O CO 

oy. o 

S .E a> .E 
o a- 



SHE 

■a g 

i_-T3 
(U o 

Use 

0)XJ . w 

£ j5 :"5 
2» :| 
2 

?■«« fi 

I.-&SI 

E e c o 



co co 

o o 
c'c 
oo 
o o 

3 3 



_>J3 = 3333 

CO CO C/) CO CO £/) CO to 



O O » O 
3 3*3 
CO toi IO, ,. 

oo co o-g o o 
COCO CO coco 



E2 

2 J 8 ," 5 
51 E 

O o to 

EStj 



"5 18 . 



ffecSg" 

'if 8.2 



- a> 



o> jo_cg 

oCQCD 

X i_ i_ >- i- 



_°cS 
oE>< 

=5°rg>^ 
■o"o co"S 

N N OLL 



S£ 



to m 
IK 

?E 






0333333_3 | 3 i 3 i 3 



wo2.S2 n 
^cOq) aJ fl)_ 
3?£S-lo 

2== C C o = 
3 3 >>>,cfl CO 

CO CO CO COh- h- 



D-55 



Appendix D 



5>5 



ooooooooooo 

OOOOOQOOOOO 

1-rNIOoBoOOOIO) 

r-.^ ^ coincocMcoo 



OOO OlrtO 

QQOOOIO 

ininp r-qq 
•<t *t -r <6 <6 m 
aot*~ o> CM CJ o 
t^ ■* i- i- t- CO 



o ooooo 9 

K Tt CT> O i^ •* 

CM in (Of^- t^ Tf 

CM O CM CM CM CM 



OOO OOOOO 

ooooomso 



ooooooooo 
- _ oooooinooo 

oopcoppT-o 0000010*00 
cvioocoibcooSoSici 'd-'r^edr^cxwirii^cM' 

r- CO 00 00 lO tD CD 00 h- 00 00 CD •* 00 CO CO CD 

v t- i-T-i- i- t- t- ■* co r^- o o o 



cm in in i- in in coinmmin in 



aS 

o o 

P-F, 



.EF 
cuco 



ml 
-1 

°-£ 

co "J 
'2 = 

O CD 

E£ 
to o.< 
5 2. 

FO-; 



CO 



5 '5 : a>Sa>5i r ' 

P 5 ■;= > o x Jf ■= 
o=-oZq_oo § 

10 T= -C -7 O >~£ p 



. t % -^cu^' 



£ <S ' r- 

CO ci . t^cD — 
CM * CUCO »t-c 



?r-ff 



CO^, 

"5r>. 

c£ 

O d> 

II 

E (3 

>>= 
eve 



.P =i--cM 

OCM 






O Q O 

OOO 

0)0)0 



° s « 

1= n 



E^2« 



t-T-cM|-|-cFi-cZi-F 



*J *-» w *; ^ ■ — == O c 

>>>>>> 5 92 "2 to o tD 

O)0)n)g.c6 0o§- 

<u a> SrSf 

Sir-cioS^ 

a>0 o-'S'M.i 
« X-.22 co CM 
i=0.oi= <N - 

-O fVi 



-co£ ? 
.i|.E£CE 

o £ tj§o.' 

^ .^ "? a! ■ °? 

o-e o ccm © 




22 T3 222o)2S22i^2q.2{ 

"O "O ,£>0 TJ -O I- "O -^"O "O -• "O O g- { 



ijsd 




01^-000000 00 

o^t-oooooooo 
o»oooooa>or~~ 

iriiricdcodtvcM^irif^ 
i-coi-T-ocoommrv 

■** * * CO 1- CM CM * 



CM CM CM CM CM CM CM mm CM 



oooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 
ocMmooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 
ppmppcMppppppppppmppmpppoinooocMoqpoooocoo 

^cDcoco^dmoT^dcM^mcocftcrir^cM^^cricvicicbcot^cii^coT^cvi 

conMOionotcosi _.-.-.-.._.- ......._ ...... .. . . _ . 

mcocoTr^j-cocMT-* 



If* 



CD ffl ". «> <" • « 

c±:.o c c c c 

1 3 gill E 
co t-'o.S .93 .2* 

E ?" 5"0 T3 T3 "O 

— £ ^ ti ai o) ai 
x a> Q.c c c c 
ai - : 5. a ».2>.9>.5> 
-= P o >.>,>> >, 
ex "£££££ 
o co c cd ci> a> a> 

|6 o J? £'5 £5 

$£.&£ &&M °> 
co>«cacocococo~ 

0™00000fl* 



ziSzzzzziSiSiS^ [£,«,« 



S -0 

°o 
Em 
E « 
co c 

£*! 

CO CO 

E 

»>, 
t: o. 
co o 

»_-o 
«^.E 

si o> £ 

S .E Tco 
El?S 

CO CO c II 

S 5 3f-S 

OOOfl 



£8 



■ojo 
a> o 

t| 
§o5 



i5.« 



• >*«! 

££"1 

lis 



•is 

co a) c 
E cnE, 

OI±E "O 

"O^ <" 

llli 

.■e S 3 o 

c Q.CO CO 



15 



£$! 

co «£ 

»|° 

«-o CO 
CD ~ 



TJ C 

3*: 

S2 



75 CJ Hi fc S; 



co « aj 

E CO CO 

,E co a 

C JDT3 

. . _ C i_ >_ 

CO ,C0 ,C0 ,C0 .CO .CO CO CO CO 



CD CD 

££ 
°°co 






,«0"m"m 



CO O 



£ 

CD 

E-S 



;aao»- 

: CO (TJ CD .*= 

?£££T3 



2-= N= Q.O.O.E 
CD CD CD .2 



tot 

'<D. 
CD CD C I 

ecu 
cd ox:.! 

s-e-e-5 

CD CD CD ' 



ajoJ 



•?o 



hl-l-l-h>FI->>l-l-l-l-l-hl-l-l-l- O 



*st Q- o. 

CD o "- 

co a?c 

co 

< >. >. co "- 
: c c ™ aj 
La'a E" to 

- w- w CO o 

) a> cd ■= i- 

T T cd CD 
o OFF 



cd .9! 
■o"0 

■C CD 

■o c 

a> ~" «< i? x 

S CO* 1 - C tD 

S Eo «£ . 
g .9 c o >• 

■55 Q. CD = 3 CD 

O-ox: to o S 

CD CDXJ Q-aJ iS 
££ool--s 
2 2 E E-' >. 
aj aj o oZ* 

CO toxiil jr XI 
£ o CO co ■*■- CO 



D-56 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



■2^ 



<D.§ 



ojO 
COS 



ooooooo 

OOOOQOLO 

0(0010 100(0 

oo vi to O) l- co i- 
10 a> a> i- c\i co oo 

COCO COOCNJ 



OOOOOOOOCOOCOCMOOOOOOOOOOOOOCMOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 
O00OO0OOO0T-QO0OQOOOOOOOQQOOOOOOOgop<50QOQ 

SooooSqoooon*iDioinoqnoqoNoqinqwqooqqT^*<oNnoiioac\i 
c\iuji^odo>T^cj>o^ir>u5uiwt^o6o>eoT^^ibi^iricj>rvo>T^coc\i^o 




CO o 
W cu 



IE 

.E o 



pppp 



o ooooooooooooo 

O OOOOOOOOIOOt-OO 

i- oooi-oqsqojcoqi-iq 

cd o> ■* i^ c\i co oo * iri o> oo oo * c\i 

co co cm t-~ •* Tt to a. o to co oo oo a> 

CO ' CO CO ^ ^" ^" f^ CO CO t- N.T— 



C CD CD CO 
° Q.« COP. 

•.£».£>.— .to < 
,0,0 >.■>,£/) 
^7*7 oo">- 
.aoj=Pl- 



*I11 



5 o.a> 
2 o c 

SJSE 
So .2 « 



oooooo 

OOOOCOO 

00(0000 

r^iocbcviocd 



IOOOOOIOO 

NOOOOfllO 
OOOi-OOO 

to c\i in cvi <*' CD 00 

..,. .. _ _. .. co co co oo co a> o> 



oooooooioi-cviomoom 




o ,«"o 

° " £ 

SHI* 
2 * « o> 

O O.c"o CO 

c co e o ° 8 

a> c o) 3 o £ 

n *,a N co •*- m 



«- >,*- >,■ , a> ' . m ■ , cu cu ■ i oiiuooiurc 
z Sz S m - E l °."- 0> - EE ffl .EE°§aioi 

*l S *-. S CO CO * -I s - IOCO(DCOCOC003~ — A 
2 OJZ O-i-PV Q.CJFI-CMl-1-l-l-h- H 



S'o3 = "Ss 
a> 2 $ wiS* 

sfJlif 
8 Sell | 

= 2ovSEg. 
I"&oiSl|| 

Si § i i || 

a> <D <u <d cu K£ 
x: jc jz.cc: 
I— I— I— I— t— 



X2 a> 
io2 a> 
of_g « 

^O MP O 



" _ CU 0>J= 0) S.o" 

iS-6 , >.Q.a1^. ,: -' 




cu o 

flll-^'r 



3: a> I— •= •= 
«i E E 
o CO ~ to CO 

l--^l-t- 



•2 <">a5.o .Q.a |= ffo^jC o oo => 
>oo£io 5^o£.9t^^ j: .co 

co co o-' ." ooi— .• onS-Aio 
mE "* * j=j= V^r X-5 e0 - w - :E 

l-HI-^Ttl-l-CMCMl-O Q.CO 



szsz.fQ aijzx: 



D-57 



Appendix D 



%% 



©o 

58 


oo 
oo 
oo 


oooooo 

CMOOOOO 
OOOi-CMO 


OO) 

a><o 


OlO 
CO 


omomoio 
encore co com 

CVII^T-T- 



OOOOOOOOO00OOOOO 

OOOOOOOOQOQOOIOIO 
lOtOOCOCOOCOOTFcMlOOOt-O 



OOOKDOOO^IOOIOI^t-ONO 
i- CO in CJ> I- CO CM it CO O) o oo •*»■ — 
cor» T- <J> r- CM CO Tf CM CO CO 



OOO 
OQO 

cm 55 co 

CMCMt^ 



3S38 



OOCOTf I 
^0>CMt^ I 



lOOOOOOOOOO 
IOOOOOOOIOOO 



f^<or^-opr^.oo>cucMCMocoir><oio 

* COt-t-t-7-CO^F oo 



r-tn CM CM CMCM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM U"> t- CM CM CO lO LO CM LO CM lO ID r- U"> lO lO i- lO lO t- t- ,- in IT) t- lO UO 



OJ o 

co2 






C~ ■ CO 
« C6T3T3 

"O (0 m Q) 

>>E x x 

x a o o 

o >.££ 
£o a>a> 
* o._-_- 
_- co o o 

o C-C.C 

£ a> o o 

CO j£ CO CO 

>,co-5.>. 
o^o o 
a>3 co a> 
■a S.-OTJ 



s£ 



«H- S Q-S 



CO CO 

•5,>. 
— o o - 



■on 
o cu 



=?£ 
3 a) 



S'S8 

Eg 

o 



«.y 



.2 o o 

■a ^'5. 
o«o 
"> °, S 

_ , . CO O. 

tj»53 "SS: 

CO m O O X X 
~iS CO CO o o 

3.S\H.S>gg 
gclgc3-2-2 

® °- u> in a> a) 
_-_- a> a> ■—■■-. 

o o c c .>>.>> 

O O N N S.Q. 

o o c c >, >, 

oooooo 

<D CO CO CO Q) CO 



co 

.ET3T3 

£ Z ■£ 
■>/>.■>. 

Q.X X 
OOO 

a.£££ 

^CO cu - 



*oJ 

CO-^nj 

^>-E£ 



-~|— OOOOOOOC^52 

■jg.cocococucoco ai^gpjS 
co££££££££££ 



• g 

co" CO 

c c 

EE 
ffl m 
o o 

c c 
ca co 



co 
,o 

. o 
§£ 

2.9 a. 

£■=! 

_g"5c3 

CO 0) CO 

c c c 



J=E 



£ 



EEE 

CO CO CO 
OOO 

c c c 
£ £ .c 

CO <D CU CO CO 



>wE co a>".2™ 
luE.E.EjO'g 

™ « * a~ a> 

>, >. >s >. >. >, 

CO CO CO Ct> CO CO 




« _ 

.?nAn7'c'c«" 



T3T3T3 c 
OOOQ E 

o o o O co 
.>..>._>._>. 2: 
O) O) O) O) CO 
CO CO CO CO CO 

c c c c c 

CO CO CO CO CO 

.>>■>.'>>">.■>. 
£££££ 



_ _ _ r £ *££ 

CO CO CO CO CO CO S«L flO CO 



OOOOU)OU)rONOrOIONOOOO«rOO 

or-odoiai^cdbcbaicM^cocbT-ioaioocbiriT-d-^ 



ooooooinooin 
<bcoio«>r^cucoV : '»tc\i 

*0***NOO)0)0) 
i- CU CM CM CU CM CM CO ^f 



coinioiflioioiOMnco 



oooooo^-oo 
oooooocooo 
oopoooooo 

TfCOCMI-COlOOOlOO) 

C0O>^'O)^"O)t-O)C0 

^•CU'^-CUCO'-^-* 



OOO 
OOO 
OOO 

•*co<b 

Of^-O) 

CM CM CO 



og 

a> ' o 2 a> 

C0T3JC 
£ CO CO CO CU 

.E o o o o 

Hj c c c c 

Ssooo 

= EE EE 

CO CO CO 03 CO 

•c -c -c -c c 

I— I— I— I— I— 



llSfi 



CO o cu o 

._ Nd N ■ 

iB «) o OJ 1 ? c\- c 
B«-c^5 co • "• 



Eg" 
co co 



•c c ~. ~ -c -c -c -c -c - C _-'C 
I— I— oil— t— I— 1— I— I— I— COI— 



CO o 

O) NC 

E _' 
cfl v 

0)0 - 

g.y-o 

0I7.5. 
jccoco 

.gOJCM" 

|-^-"t-" 



a> 5 

O X 
N CU 






■*"?■ 



cu 




■£? 


s 




£ 


Sl 


•JO 




O 






O O 


£ 


p 





O 


O 


>. 










SZS1 





S1S1 





O 


O 








l^l^ 


JZ 


t- 


H 


1- 


^~ 


r- 


■^ 


rf 


r- 


CM 


CM 


•- 




^t 


1- 


1- 


y- 


t- 




CO 


t- 


i- 



££ 0) CU 

*" £ E 
g o* o 



£ o 2 



- V 0) Ol" O ■ <-' 

S-g,;! ;.fe 

a>§?>EE o 
! e 2 p o g \c 

ft|iSi7c3S: 



CO JO 



i-'i-Vl-l- 01- co 



"9 cu 10 . 

'«2cl 

" O "CO 

co •§ §,<£> 
o gP.™ 

itS.- 

•— c c 

u t c S S 

£= o« 9- = ■¥■'? 

CO J2 q/w cm O (A CO 

E g»g >>g g g g 
8 cu O o£-9^^ 

o o *r o h" h" *7 h" 
jzj:coj=<d Ocdio 
!§ .". cu"^ m" o^"co" 
• ■ "1— co" o~eu"i-" 



n£ • 

S g-? 



JC -S ^ >c - C -c 

o.a.y.y g-gg 

|oo 



D-58 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 






£2 



oorroooooooooooooor^-oooooooooo 

ooiioifiooooooonoonowoooiDiSooO't 
CNJT^irioiioocdodcocvim^^oioooocococoirioiom^ioiQ 
i- 7- 1- in co u5 oo t^ i- 05 r- cm r- 1- t- t- t- o o o t- t- o 55 55 



OOOOOOOOOOOOOCMOOOO 
t-OQQOOOQIOQOOOOOOOO 

ONO)*oooinoB)oqq(oqo>qq 
cvi^i^oiOTftDCvii^tbT-^cot^coiooio'^- 

Cvl<d-o«DtOmCvlCOtD'-i-01CvlT-OT-T- 
t- •*}■ CM CO 5»- t- ID CO CO »~ r- CM lO CM CO 1- 



>s 



tt-sf 

a> E E °m 

<u c c x c E ■s 
<= c 2 o> 2 59.3-2 



_L O 

.c o 



-eg ^EigEg-g 
.yo_-§c?Eg«*Cy 

.76Z JS.c 55 5. "On" 11 =.4h 
fijf oicsi E IB V o 2 >. c 

o >« 5* >v6 ffi >>T^i5 12 o 
T5£££a;|£cS5ci 
.&«<S».E|.»j|if 

>,.E.E.E£; >,.E >,>,>.>> 

»ioioco z -gcog£gg 

1- cm'co t-"Z I- oil- 1- I- I- 



OOOi-OOOp 
CDO t •<* 000000 

ot-oo ininio 




El 
co a> 



3*2 

■9 o 

o c 
U> o 

,._bE 
■§oog 

a> <u a> 
' ._ S ~>s~ la "r • • <o c c c 
<ug5^<i>a)eo • • O'.JS.SSiS 

cSSS2S»Ecwnn 

«L L L L L n w rtl " 
O coroccioa>so St- t- t- 
2- Q. Q. Q. Q. Q. 5S "S -S--i ^.-i 

000000°°EEE £ 

EEEEEEEE - - - - 
.E .E .E .E .E .E .E .E cm cm cm cm 

£(-1-1-1-1-1-1- cm" cm" cm" cm" 






I! 
P 

C8 co 



Q.CU >•= £ 

55-2 oai.i 




■£ i= a>-F 



a> <u 



CU — 

E« | -.£a> 

«S«i2E 



r-l-Hh-HI-l-r-l-l-r-r-l-h-h-l-r- 



So 



co ca E E 
c czi5-=L' 

a> a> a)x:. 

0.0.0.0. 



o o o ? 

0.0.0.0) 

c 

>.>.>»=: 

c c c\e 

n j=.c Si 

0.0.0.0. 



<o cbomr^^^T-ioco^o^^T-ujocM^t^cnwo^ioc^OTtDCMcocrjT-pcngT-p;!-- 

t- t-^-CMIDCO UJCOCM^-O O 1* O ^ V) 55 *- lO CM CO CM CO CM VO lO CO t- CM t- CM t- 



iOr-ioioa>iotnio co coinineMiOT-cMio^eMiOT-T-iOT-inincMT-comooioojsuiioiouicocoi^in^io^inr^ 

*— 1— 7— 7— O T- T- T— T- t— T— T- T- t— *~ T— T- T- T- T— ▼" *— T- ▼- T— T- T— ▼" O O O T— O T— T- T- T- O O O T- O T- O T— O 



iS a •«a).g 

o in co cots « -5 •£: 2 
,c.e.e E o o os 
S ff-f-f-Ioool^ 
"g |'| , | , : ||'o § § * 

^ a) a) 0) a> a) ig ;c = C 




cm"o — 

' O Q.C 

Ssi c-5 
= t 22 
S . 2-o 
t 8 S = 



Q.O 

O 0) 



3 S s 3 = « « "J 2 2 o i 2-=.S;Sji 

r^ -^ in /« <a <a rn m rn ia ia in ill n C t. 



2=6 
a.>_ 
a> a> 
E E 



.E >.E 
x£ 3 
2 IS — 

O O ? > 

a) a> S a> 

ee£e 



e-s- 



N N O 



CO 

III 

S c O- 

5 <" o 
a) c co 

•Eg- 
ogEcp 
c £ o c 
as 2x o 
■ cJ ? ■ J. o> 

^iT-?: = c 

«S»o->. 
oxi-fc o c 
a> o-£ ><a> 

T3-J5 o o x 



Hl-l-l-r-l- 



CU CU _ O >, g'jyl 

C >.^« N to — >< >» >«— 

SIlSEolHS- 

>,.E .E >, >. >,.E .E .E >, 
££h£££h£|-£ 
g^iAgggioioioSS 
.E cm"co".E .5 .E co"co"io".E 
£ t-"t-"|- I- 1- co"co"co"l- 



D-59 



Appendix D 






^5 



t^ooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 

OOOOOOOOOQOQOOO00OQOOOOCMOOOOQ 

qqoqqqqqq^qooooooooooi-oiooooio 
oa>i^idi^*odTi : o)ocoo>cvi^uJcio)OM : T- : iric)rv^ : iri<b«Jc) 
oocococoto^i-'timocoT-cjocMcuwtDmr^vot^.inoicocopjT-io 

T-i-i-fT-i-T-i-rOninWr-r- O CM CM CM CM COlOlOlOCMTf 



0000 000001^.0000 000000 
OQOOOOOOOCMQO OO OOOOOO 

ppoppcqpcqpcMpoooaoiooooo 
*u5o<i^cocbo6oco<dco«>ir>cbo-r- : oo>'i- : 
i-i-uji-w en en cm en 1^. r>- o h- r- ■* in ^ co ■* 
cmcm^cm cococm r*~ r*- co t^ t- 1^ *f 10 irt 10 



■^S 



■5 o>o 
2 55-g.o 

CJ>o O-ii 



au tea 
_ ' ' C3 o O Q) • 

O . »- . C f= o ?-^- 



0)> CD* 

E * o = . 

iStTcissS 

S-t to o c <u a> 

a> a> m-riii ai <u 

o o o£ o o o co u> 
c c c a> c c c£""" 







E§E 
o«o 



C CO C 

6 E Q. 

§§8 



.cojo.cojpjp.psjpjdcii 
>>> 



>>>>>> 



0000 ocoooooooooooooooooooo 

oono (Dcnooooooooooooooooooo 

no** ** novujoiniooioNoooNOooooo 

"♦cmi^o K co •* 10 <o 10 10 <b <b t^ ^ -r^ r^ o o> n! cri d cm 1^ co 

t-OC0» CO^-^^^CMCMCnCMOCMCOr^f^iDt-Oi-T-T-O 

'-cot-i- i-ooooioiocoiococo'* -r-eo 1010101010 



= : 5"D x 
o»So 

= ECL£ 

8P c at o -. ■ -. 
co o Q.-0 co 3 cnSJ.cn 

•i§iiHU > f 

>>>55x 6 E a. 



00 

00 

pp ppppcnpppppppppppppp 

oor^ co co ^ io co t^ co c» ^- 1>^ t^ cm co iri iri rv! o 00 o 

OCM CVIMOCOCM(OOOIS<ONNSSNNONCO 

lOi- 101-0010"* NCMi-T-r-T-i-T-T-i-Bl^r- 



£=" 






SoegSog-E^^igE 




■'» "2 ^nS *"* 

mils 

58-81 

lilt! 

■2 .E .E .E .E 



Eg? 

■og 
co 



la 

co ac 

•eg 



>«e 
g.'ei» 



C CO 
0) 0) 

>>3 



SrCM 

co £_* 

UES 

90S 

^ oCD 



*=<T» 



oco 

c0t-5?o 

- .(0 1- 
cor^ 



- .0V1- 

10 CM CO . ' ' SIR - m - 

cn - -to en en co co S; 10 »" n 

_^>-<Oi-i-CM*<D-o c c c 

ua>a>a>cua>cuci>a)^£?t 
mmmmmmmcQBcQOO 



DD3DD33 



■o ■ 1 

S j5> j __ 

ffl^^^^^^^^^ B CO B CO.COJO < CCJOJ0 



D-60 



Synthetic Organic Chemicals, 1991 



q5.£> 



O 






oooooo oooooooooomoo 

888883 888888SSS8&8S 

oio^t^cvi^ ai uiddai coco Qait^.y-ui t- 

co ■* tj- to irio f^i-i-toio<or>- *Qor>-^T- 

cvi cm to n- cm t- t- co r^ to *- r*. t- »- * to to to f~- 



Q) w 



IS 



Ogj, 

111 

*8§ 



=6£ 5 co . a) 



"O "O CM Olf .23uc c 

ooooooo£oo 

ccccccc«cc 
NNNNNNN NN 



»3J • 
oo co 
S-E CO 

2 «> « 



& 



To 



* | <D 

CO OS 

d) jS CD 
■^CO O 

a>5\E<o 

15 -SEE 

g 33 



s 3 8S 
~ E 88 

NNNNNNN 



Sow 

Is! 

ore 

•LCM C 

EEE 

3 3 3 

c 'E c 

888 



OOOOCMOOOOOOOOOOOQOOO 

OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOIOCDOO 

lomcooiooomooqooiooooinqq 

OT^wodco^o^^»ot^o6o'f-c5tb'i- : cJioco 

iAi-ini-i-ininininioinin<ococo^cMCM 




CO 

4** 

£ E j= o 

co a q.-f 

ssil 

® a co co co 

C0^-JDT3 : 6 
-^i-OOOOO 

k>. >.>.«»>.>.>.'*. >.>. <u .E .E .E .E .E 

:xxxcmxxxcmxxnnnnnn 



D-61