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August 12, 1874 

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August 12, 1874 









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Nearly all the "Tafts" in the United States are the descendants 
of Robert Taft, who settled in the town of Mendon, Mass., in the 
year 1680. It being desirable that a correct genealogical record of 
the descendants of this man be obtained, a meeting of gentlemen 
bearing the name of Taft was held in New York on the 30th day 
of December last, as requested by the following circular : 

To the Members of the Taft Family in the United States : 

WHEREAS, There have been collected, to a large extent, the statistics of 
our family comprising the descendants of our ancestor, Robert Taft, who, 
with five sons, emigrated about the year 1660, and settled in Mendon, 
Mass., and it is deemed by us desirable to have the record completed 
and put in book form, and thinking it can be done more thoroughly by a 
concert of action. We, the undersigned, hereby request the several 
families to meet, by their representatives, at the St. Dennis Hotel, No. 
709 Broadway, New York City, on the 30th day of December. 1873, at 10 
o'clock A. M., to take such measures in the premises as may be deemed 
advisable. Let there be a general representation. 
Cincinnati, Nov. 8th, 1873. 

Daniel Taft, ) J. Taft, j . 

A. T. Taft, > Vermont. L. Taft, > Ohio. 

Rltssefl S. Taft, ) Wat. Taft, ) 

C. I. Taft, )■ New Hampshire, H. F. Taft,) (j a ijf orn j ;v 

H. W. Taft, J> Massachusetts. II. C. Taft, 3 ^ ailU,rn,v - 

In compliance with the above circular, representatives of the 
family from the States of New York, Ohio, Massachusetts and Ver- 
mont, assembled at the St. Dennis Hotel, when it was decided to 
call a meeting of the family to be held at Uxbridge, Mass., Aug. 
12th, 1S74, and Daniel W. Taft, of Uxbridge, and Velorous Taft, 
of Upton, were appointed a committee to take the initiative steps 
in the matter. 

On March 30th, the following circular was issued : 


To tlie Descendants of Robert Tuft, who settled in tlw. Town oj Mine 
about the year 1080: 
At :i meeting of Gentlemen of the n.ume of Taft. held at the St. Deni 
Hotel, in the City of New York, Tuesday, the- SOth day of Pecembi 
1873, it was voted to hold a meeting of the Taft Family, in Uxbridg • 
Mass., on the 12th day of August. 1874; and Daniel W. Taft of Uxbridg 
and Velorous Taft of Upton, were appointed a Committee to take tl 
preliminary steps to the choosing of a Committee of Arrangements. 

The undersigned cordially approve of the proposed meeting of tl 
Taft Family, to be held at Uxbridge, in August, ami respectfully reque: 
the descendants of Robert Taft, residing in Uxbridge and vicinity, t i 
meet at Taft's Hall, in Uxbridge, on Saturday, the 18th day of April ii 
stant. at one and a half o'clock in the afternoon, to choose a Committe 
of Arrangements, and to take such action as is necessary to make th 
proposed Family Gathering a success. / 

Daxiel W. Taft. of Uxbrige, Vei.obous Taft, of Upon, 
Royal C. Taft, of Providence, Oksmus Taft, of Uxbridge, 
Robert Taft, of Uxbridge, Jacob Taft, of Uxbridge, 

Hi.xky G. Taft, of Uxbridge, Moses Taft, of Uxbridge, 
CHAS. A. Taft, of Uxbridge, And others. 

UXBRIDGE, March 30, 1874, 

At the meeting of the iSth of April, a general plan of the meet- 
ing was decided upon, and a Committee of Arrangements was-ap- 
pointed to carry the plan into operation." Hon. Judge Taft of Cin- 
cinnati was fixed upon "by the meeting as the orator of the occasion 
and Hon. Judge Chapin of Worcester selected to pronounce a poem. 
The following circular was published in several papers and sent 
by mail to all known representatives of the family throughout the 
country : 

UxmnixiE, Mass., June 30, 1874. 
To the Descendants of Robert T<ijt : 

Through the suggestions of individuals and a self-constituted commit- 
tee, it has been decided to hold a maud gathering of the descendants of 
Robert Taft, who settled in Mendon about the year 1680. The family 
lias become a very numerous one, and a very large number of those who 
bear the name in the United States are descendants of this man. 

As the town of Uxbridge was originally a part of the town of Mendon 
from which the family went out, and has excellent facilities of commu- 
nication, it has been deemed fitting that it be the gathering-place of its 
members, large numbers of whom still remain upon the original soil. 

A large Committee of Arrangements has been appointed, who, at a 
meeting held for the purpose, fixed upon- the ISth day of August, 1874, as 


the time of the proposed family re-union. To this meeting you :ire re- 
spectfully and cordially invited ; and as it is impossible for the committee 
to know the names of all the members of the family scattered over the 
country, you are particularly requested to extend this invitation to nil 
the blood living in your vicinity. It is expected that the meeting- will ln- 
one of public as well as social intere<t, and it is believed that it will do 
much to encourage that laudable pride which rejoices in an excellent an- 
cestry, and that affection which should always flow in the channels of 
kindred blood. We invite you, therefore, whether you bear the name 
and blood of the original Robert, or the blood without the name, or are 
connected with the family by marriage, to come back to the home of 
your ancestors and join the assembly we propose. 

The public exercises of the occasion will consist of a Historical Ad- 
dress by Hon. Alphonso Taft, of Cincinnati, Ohio, with brief addresses 
by other members of the family, and music prepared for the occasion. 
Taft's Hall will be open on the morning of the 12th of August next, for 
the registry of the names of all who wish to attend the exercises. All 
will be furnished with tickets on registering their names, and no person 
will be admitted without one. 

All who accept this invitation are requested to inform the Secretary of 
the Committee at an early day,— addressing Charles A. Taft, Sec'y, Ux- 
bridge, Mass., — that entertainment may be secured for them as far as 

I). W. TAFT, Chairman-, Uxbridge, Mass., 

C. A. TAFT, Skcketauy, Uxbridge, Mass.. 

HENRY CHAl'iX, Worcester, Mass., 

MUSKS TAFT, Uxbridge, Mass., 

VELOROUS TAFT, Upton, Mass., 

CALEB TAFT, Mention, Mass., 

ROBERT TAFT, Uxbridge. Mass., 

PUTNAM W. TAFT, Mention, Mass.. 

HENRY G. TAFT, Uxbridge, Mass., 

A. A. TAFT. Milfofd, Mass., 

ENO.S TAFT. New York. 

E. C. THAYER, Keene, X. II.. 

HENRY C. TAFT, Worcester, Mass.. 

ROYAL C. TAFT, Providence, R. I.. 

JOHN B. TAFT, Boston, Mass., 

Lieut. Gov. RUSSELL S. TAFT, Burlington, Vt., 

HENRY W. TAFT, Pittsfield, Mass., 

Du. J. TAFT, Cincinnati, O., 

MELLEN TAFT, Blackstone, Mass., 

A.LOXZO TAFT, Williamstown, 

E. C. TAFT, Uxbridge, Mass., 

PETER M. TAFT, Whitinsville, Mass., 

J. W. TAFT, Chicago, 111.. 

E. J. KNOWLTON, Brooklvn, X. Y., 

G. E. TAFT, Whitinsville, Mass., 

J. W. TAFT, Providence, R. I., 

EZRA W. TAFT, Dedham, Mass., 

S. II. TAFT, Mendon, Mass., 

DANIEL DAY. Providence, R. I., 

G. W. TAFT, Uxbridge, Mass., 

HENRY TAFT. Uxbridge, Mass., 


ROYAL K. TAFT. Gloucester, It. I.. 

GEO. A. KEAGRAVE, Providence, It. I.. 

STEPHEN S. TAFT. Palmer, Mass.. 

JOTHAM TAFT. New England Village, Mass., 

Hill AM C. TAFT, West Bloomrield, N. Y.. 

Judge ALPHONSO TAFT. Cincinnati, Ohio. 

NELSON TAFT. Woonsoeket, It.. I. 

ROSCOK C. TAFT. Sheffield, Mass., 

MOWRY TAFT. Pawtucket, R. L, 

A. It. TAFT, Charleston, S. (.'.. 

CALVIN TAFT, Worcester, Mass., 

C, E. WIIITIN, Whitinsville, Mass., 

Rev. CARLTON A. STAPLES. Providence, R. I., 

Rev. L. TAFT. Columbus, 0„ 


EZRA W. CilAPIN. Northboro 1 , Mass., 

GEO. II. CHAPIN, Boston, Mass., 

Dr. CHARLES G. TAFT, Oregon, 


LEWIS S. TAFT, Uxbridge, Mass., 

ARTHUR WHEELOCK, Uxbridge, Mass., 

Col. HENRY TAFT, Northbridge, Mass., 

Committee of Arrangements. 
DANIEL W. TAFT, Uxbridge, Mass., 
CHAS. A. TAFT, Uxbridge, Mass., 
MOSES TAFT, Uxbridge, Mass., 
HENRY G. TAFT, Uxbridge, Mass., 
E. C. TAFT. Uxbridge, Mass., 
VELOROUS TAFT. Upton, Mass., 
HENRY' CHAPIN, Worcester, Mass.. 

Executive Comm ittce. 
ROBERT TAFT, Uxbridge, Mass., 
ROYAL C. TAFT. Providence, It. I.. 
CHAS. E. WIIITIN, Whitinsvillo, Mass., 
E. J. KNOWLYON, Brooklyn. N. Y., 
P. W. TAFT, Mendon, Mass., 

Finance Committee. 
LEWIS S. TAFT. Uxbridge, Mass., ■ 
ARTHUR WHEELOCK, Uxbridge, Mass., 

Registering Com m ittce. 
Coi.. HENRY TAFT, of Whitinsville, Mass., 


In addition to these committees, the Committee appointed 

G. E. TAFT, Northbridge, Mass., 
L. HERBERT TAFT. Uxbridge, Mass., 
GEO. W. HOBBS. Uxbridge, Mass., 
EZRA W. CHAITN. Northboro 1 , Mass.. 
ORSMUS A. 'TAFT, Providence, R. I.. 

As Marshal's Aids. 
JACOB TAFT. Uxbridge, Mass., 
ROBERT TAFT, Uxbridge, Mass., 
HENRY G. TAFT. Uxbridge, Mass., 
CHAS. E. WIIITIN, Northbridge, .Mass., 
Dk. A. W. BENNETT, Uxbridge, Mass., 

On Reception . 

The fad was developed in the progress of the investigations in- 
cident to the meeting, that quite a number of the descendants of 
Matthew Taft, who was not a descendant of Robert Taft, resided 
in Worcester County. This is called the "Irish branch" of the 
family, but it is the opinion of those who have given the subject the 
most attention, that the remote ancestors of Robert Taft and Mat- 
thew Taft were the same, and that the more immediate ancestors 
of Matthew Taft emigrated from Scotland to the north part of Ire- 
land and that Matthew emigrated from the north of Ireland to 
America. Invitations were sent to a number of the descendants 
of Matthew Taft, and it is pleasant to know that this branch of the 
family was represented at the gathering at Uxbridge. 

The day of the meeting was an exceedingly pleasant one. The 
First Evangelical Congregational Church, the place of meeting, was 
filled to repletion. The music of the occasion was given by the 
choirs of the Orthodox and Unitarian Churches, under the charge 
of L. A. Seagrave, of Uxbridge. 

At the close of the exercises at the Church, a procession was 
formed under the direction of Col. Henry Taft, of Northbridge, 
Marshal, and to the music of the American Brass Band, marched 
to the tent erected on land of Robert Taft, on Capron's Hill,where 
dinner was prepared by Augustus Marrs, of Worcester, caterer. 


The exercises of the day commenced at 11.30 o'clock, wi 
sic by the American Brass Band, of Providence, D. W. Reeves, 
leader, followed with prayer by Rev. Thos. C. Biscoe of Uxbridge. 
The following Hymn was then sung by the Choir, to the tune of 
"St. Martin's: 1 ' 

Let children hear the mighty deed.-* 

Which God performed of 'old, 
Which in our younger years we .saw. 

And which our fathers told. 

He bids us make his glories known. 

His works of power and grape. 
And we'll convey his wonders down 

Through every rising race. 

Our lips shall tell them to our sons. 

And they again to theirs. 
That generations yet unborn, 

May teach them to their heirs. 

Tims shall they learn, in God alone 

Their hope securely stands; 
That they may ne'er forget his works. 

But practice his commands. 



Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen: — 

Descendants of Robert, who have strayed far and wide. 
From the homes where your fathers were wont to abide, 
A prolific race, a multitudinous crowd, 
Claim kindred to-day, and your claims are allowed. 

In behalf of the members of the Executive Committee, and the 
members of the family who reside in this vicinity, I bid you a 

cordial and hearty welcome to the old home, to these green hills, 
Mid this fertile valley, where our fathers leveled the forests, and 
broke the virgin soil, and our mothers shared the hardships and 
fc»te of a pioneer life. 

This is a meeting of the Taft family, — assembled on our own ac- 
ocjnt, and on our own business. You have come from the North 
and from the South, from the East and from the West, a great com- 
pany drawn together by ties of kindred to renew old acquaintance 
and establish new friendships, to trace the various grades of rela- 
tionship and learn more of the history of the race. Let us throw 
aside business, — the cares and perplexities of life, for the hour, at 
j least, — and feel that we are in the midst of friends whose chanty 

for us suffereth long and is kind. 
i We meet near the place where our ancestors lived, and which is 
! made sacred to us as the repository of their dust. No costly mon- 
j ument marks the spot where they rest. Yet this great gathering of the 
I family shows that they are remembered in the affections and hearts 
of their posterity. 

Could Robert and his five sons be called forth from their silent 
resting places, and look over this vast assembly, would they not say 
that the promise of God to the Patriarchs of old had been fulfilled, 
when he said, "I will make thy seed as the stars of heaven in num- 
ber, and as the sands of the sea-shore innumerable." 

About five weeks since, I visited, for the first time, the place where 
our honored ancestor (Robert Taft) built his house. It was located 
near Taft's pond, now Mendon pond, on a beautiful and fertile strip 
of rolling land. There is nothing left to mark the spot. No tim- 
ber, stones or cellar. The land is smooth and in a good state of 
cultivation. Should we not erect a respectable monument on those 
time honored grounds, that our descendants may know where the 
vine was planted that has spread its branches so far and wide ? 

What memories rise before us as we look back over the past two 
hundred years and more ! But, of these and the trials and dangers 




through which our ancestors and their descenc • : ive passed, it 
is not for me to speak. 

As I study the history of the race, I learn t\ '. ' noted for its 
industry, energy and frugality ; and when the • . . V :louds of war 
have hung over the nation, from the conflicts w ! '<: ■ Indians down 
to the late great rebellion, it has taken an acti.v. ~..~ patriotic part 
in support of the Government. And now, while corruption and 
wrong stalk boldly at noonday, may we be found fighting manfully 
for the right, raise high the banner of education, and keep con- 
stantly before us noble and high ideals ; for when the higher life is 
cherished and honored, the mercenary and sensual motives of action, 
which invite and shield corruption, lose much of their force and 

Many of you have. seen our noble family tree. Its sturdy trunk 
bears the name of our ancestor Robert ; its wide-spreading branches, 
those of his five sons, Thomas, Robert Jr., Daniel, Joseph and 
Benjamin ; and their smaller ramifications represent the various 
families down to the present generation. That our tree stands 
strong and is flourishing, we have abundant evidence before us to- 
day. Its roots have struck deep, its branches have spread wide ; 
and although some, while lingering in the deep shade of its foliage, 
may have lost sight of the summit, yet there have been many bril- 
liant lights, scattered here and there, that have ever pointed upwards 
to direct aspiration and encourage hope. 

My friends, the parting at the close of the exercises of this day 
will be the last farewell with many of us. We shall not all meet 
again in this life, God grant that we may keep an eye to the sum- 
mit of the tree, and follow the precept and example of the Great 
Teacher, so that when the end shall come, we may all meet again 
in the unknown country, a happy, united band. 

And now I will close as I commenced, by again extending to you 
all a cordial welcome, trusting that many pleasant recollections will 
cluster around this visit to the old home. 




Kindred and Friends : — 

I have obeyed your call, and come from Ohio to address our 
tribe, in its dear old home. At first I wrote a declination, but other 
counsels prevailed, and I concluded to accept the invitation. It 
has proved to me a labor of love, and if I could be assured that 
you would enjoy the hearing of my address, as nvVh as I have en- 
joyed the search, preparatory to writing it, I should be satisfied. 

Genealogical research is often derided ; but it is fascinating, and 
when pursued with reason, has a wholesome and beneficial influence. 
Nor is the value of that influence dependent upon the distinguished, 
or undistinguished character of our ancestry. It is certainly much 
more agreeable and satisfactory to find them, at least, respectable. 
The very desire one feels, as he reads the record, to find evidences 
of good character in his ancestors, and even of eminence, tends" 
strongly to cherish in him a regard for the good and the eminent, how- 
ever much he may be disappointed, in looking for it among his own 
progenitors. But, if he finds a sound basis of character in the be- 
ginning, and steady advance in culture afterward, each generation 
trying to make the condition of the next, better than its own, he will 
receive a still more wholesome stimulus. No man can deliberately, 
be the first to dishonor the name and blood of his good ancestors. 
The study of genealogy, therefore, to a reasonable extent, what- 
ever be the character of the retrospect, is salutary ; provided always, 
that it be not prompted by mere vanity. Weak minds may some- 
times feed their self-conceit, on the deeds of their fathers. To be 
puffed up with self-esteem on ancestral account, is ridiculous. But 
it is no crime, and no weakness, to appreciate the character and 
achievements of those who have preceded us, and to- emulate their 
virtues. Nor is it unnatural or unreasonable, that every man should 
inquire into his own antecedents. 


It is from a long distance, I have come, to the home of our fam- 
ily, to talk of its history, character and condition. It may be like 
the "earning of coals to New Castle ;" but I bring with me many 
hallowed associations. My blood was all derived from the Men- 
don of 16S0, with its original ample boundaries. My ancestors, 
on both sides, came to Mendon, on the re-settlement in i6Soof the 
town after King Philip's war — Robert Taft, carpenter, Grindal 
Rawson, minister, Samuel Hayward, yeoman, and Deacon Josiah 

As we approach the final goal of life, we seem to be drawing 
nearer to our fathers, and the land that was their home becomes 
more hallowed. The Scripture says of one who has died, that he 
was "gathered to his fathers.' 1 This expression is entirely in har- 
mony with our sentiments as we approach "that bourne whence no 
traveler returns." The entire eight miles square of old Mendon is 
sacred ground to me. I approach it with pleasure, linger among 
the mementoes of the past which I find here, with delight, and feel 
myself, at least a cousin to every inhabitant ; and this sweet de- 
lusion has grown upon me, as I have become acquainted with 
those, whose fortune it has been to abide in this, our historic home. 
My wife too is a descendant of the Torreys, the Davenports and 
the Holbrooks of Mendon, and our children and our children's 
children will trace their origin to the same old Mendon of 16S0. 

All the mementoes of the first dwelling places of the fathers are 
peculiarly precious to those of their descendants, whose fortune it 
has been to seek other homes. The places where those fathers 
lived, and the places where they died, awaken the deepest interest, 
and their graves afford a real, though melancholy pleasure. The 
whole family, wherever residing, is interested in the object of this 
meeting, and as time advances, that interest will increase. The 
origin and early history of the race is likely to become more reli- 
able and better understood in the future, than it was soon after the 
death of the first settlers. At first they were busy with pressing 
duties, subduing the uncultivated earth, guarding against their wily 


but cruel Indian foe, and building necessary improvements, all un- 
conscious, that their acts and lives, in less than a hundred years, 
would be historical. Had they known of the pains-taking, with 
which their posterity, two hundred years after they were dead, 
would seek evidence of the every day acts and facts familiar to 
them, they would have left the record more perfect. 

I should not have ventured upon the task which has been as- 
signed to me, but for the researches of my honored father, Peter 
Rawson Taft, now deceased, the results of which he left in manu- 
script. Standing upon his shoulders, I had hoped to get a wider 
prospect, and' to see some things that lay beyond his view. But 
wherever I have gone, he was sure to have been before me. His 
love of Uxbridge, the home of his birth, and of his youth, gave 
him the glow of enthusiasm, which genealogical research requires. 
In his old age, having leisure, he gratified his taste for these in- 
quires, and such was his success in pursuing them, that I count it a 
rare good fortune if in any instance, I have gone beyond him. 
When I came to years of memory, I learned from him, to think of 
Uxbridge as the land of the blest. In the field and by the fire- 
side, he would recount to me the happy days of his boyhood in 
Uxbridge ; would tell me of the places and scenes which were 
vivid in his mind, the three rivers that flowed toward the south, 
Mumford on the west^ the wonderful Great River in the middle, 
and West River on the east ; of the noted farms on the high lands, 
'and on the river banks, always including the old farm of his ances- 
tors on the Great River, in which he felt a regretful interest. On 
it, he had ploughed and hoed, and harrowed and mowed, without 
fatigue, and with a boy's enthusiasm. All these hills, valleys, farms 
and houses he repeopled before my imagination, with neighbors, 
friends, uncles, cousins, brothers and sisters, associating their names 
with numerous anecdotes. And when afterwards I visited Ux- 
bridge, and met the people whose names had been made thus famil- 
iar to my ear in my boyhood, it was impossible to realize that I was 
among strangers. 


The American branches of our family tree do not flatter our van- 
ity with many brilliant public careers, but they have proved a vig- 
orous and prolific stock, of which we have no occasion to be 
ashamed. The first of our progenitors in this country was Robert 
Taft. Of his birth we have no record ; that it was humble but 
respectable, I cannot doubt. He died on the Sth of February, A. 
D. 1725, at an age, as I think, of not less than eighty-five years. 
The date of his birth cannot be placed later than 1640. Sarah, his 
wife, js shown conclusively to have been born about that date. 
Who she was before the merger of her name in that of her hus- 
band by marriage, we know not. Every effort, hitherto, to trace 
her family beyond herself, has failed. It is to be hoped that some 
one may be more fortunate, hereafter. Of Robert's antecendent;;, 
we have no direct evidence. His first appearance in America, as 
far as we have been able to trace him, was in connection with hi§ 
house and lot in Braintree, which we find him owning in 1678. In 
the year 1679, he made arrangements to move to Mendon, first 
purchasing a "house /ot" in Mendon, and then selling his house and 
lot in Braintree. The substance of the deed from him and his wife. 
of his house and lot in Braintree, was (Book 17, page 276, Suffolk 
Co., town records), ''That Robert Taft of Braintree, in the count\f 
of Suffolk, carpenter, and Sarah his wife, for and in consideration} 
ot eighty pounds, sold and conveyed to Caleb Hobart of the same 
town, yeoman, a certain parcel of land with a dwelling house, barn^ 
and orchard thereon, then in the possession of the said Robert 
Taft, being in Monotoquod, within the bounds, or limits of Braintre 


aforesaid, containing by estimation, twenty acres." The deed 
signed and sealed by Robert Taft and Sarah Taft, his wife. Thel 
date of the deed was Nov. 18, 1679, while the date of the acknowl- 
edgement was March 12, A. D. 1679, apparently eight months \ 
before the execution. This anomaly however, which presents itself 
repeatedly in the documents I may refer to, is explained by the law 
of England, which prior to the year 1752, commenced the legal 
year, on the 25th day of March. 


No record of any kind has been found, showing the source of 
Robert Taft's title. Nor is this strange, when we consider that so 
imperfect are the records of those early transactions, that scarcely 
any title can be traced to its source on the record. There is one 
deed conveying an adjoining lot, which bounded upon this lot, as 
"the property of Robert Taft,'' spelling his name T-a-f-f-e, and that 
deed was dated October 19, 1678, a little more than a year before 
the execution of the deed to Caleb Hobart, showing that they held 
that property, at least, more than one year. Beyond that, we have 
not, as yet, been able to go. 

Two months previous to the execution of the deed by Robert 
and Sarah to Hobart, he. had purchased a "house lot" in Mendon, 
and received a deed from Col. Wm. Crowne, who, "for and in con- 
sideration of ,£90 of lawful money paid by Saviil Simpson of Bos- 
ton, cord wainer, and Robert Taft of Braintree, housewright, grant- 

« 1 
ed unto the said Saviil Simpson and Robert Taft and their heirs, in 

equal halves, all that my forty acre house lot, situated, lying and 
being within the township of Mendham," (that was the English 
spelling of the name) "in New England, and near unto the pond ; 
therewith, forty acres of second division land adjoining thereto, 
together with all other lands, swamps, meadows and divisions of 
lands made or to be made." The deed is very formal, with full 
covenants. This was an important deed in the history of the Taft 
family. But how little could any of the parties realize the long 
line of events which were to flow from that single document, sol- 
emnized there in Boston, on the 15th of August, 1679. The 
records show that Col. Crowne had been one of the original set- 
tlers of Mendon, and a leader among them, before the Indian war. 
But he never returned. This house lot had probably been im- 
proved before the war. 

Mendon was first organized as a town, in 1667. It was far re- 
moved from the older settlements, in the forest, and surrounded by 
Indians. It had gone on successfully till 1675, when the war of 
King Philip commenced, and all the inhabitants who were not 


killed, were driven away, many never to return, and all their houses 
burned. Their minister, Rev. Joseph Emerson, never, returned. 
After the war in 16S0, the re-settlement commenced. And then, 
our progenitor first appeared in the history of Mendon. 

There is a tradition, that he was an adherent of the Common- 
wealth, a Scotch Puritan, disgusted with the Cavaliers, and that in 
the troublous times consequent upon the rule of Charles the Second, 
he sought refuge from civil and religious tyranny, in the forests of 
New England, — that he had been in the country longer than any 
extant records show, and had even been in Mendon before the 
Indian war. All this was possible. He was of age, in 1660, when 
Charles II. gained control of the British government, and had op- 
portunity to be disgusted, and perhaps terrified, by the misgovern- 
ment and tyranny, civil and religious, of that monarch. The agita- 
tion in Scotland, between the years 1660 and 1676, was full of an- 
noyance and alarm. All that can be said of the tradition is, that 
no record has been found showing that Robert Taft was in this 
country prior to 167 8. The distance in time is not so great as to 
take away all the force of statements handed down from fathers to 
sons, and so far as this tradition makes Scotland the place from 
which Robert first came, it is probably correct. 

And here, I must be permitted to quote from an interesting letter 
written by the late Frederick Taft, Esq., of Uxbridge, to his grand- 
nephew, Henry W. Taft, Esq., of Pittsfield, dated April 10th, 1838. 
He says, "How long since I cannot tell, three brothers by the name 
of Taft, left Scotland in troublous times, and came into England. 
One of them settled in Ireland. One of his descendants came over 
and settled in Upton, bringing three or four sons. They were for- 
merly called 'the Irish Tafts.' One of the three brothers settled 
in England, some of whose descendants have settled in South King- 
ston, Rhode Island. Yet, I never heard of them till lately, when 
a young man from there worked for me, whose mother was a Taft. 
The name there was numerous and wealthy. 

"The third brother, who was my father's great-grandfather, came 


to America and settled, I suppose, in Mendon, in this State. His 
given name I never learned. His children, and grand-children, 
and descendants, were very numerous, and some of his descend- 
ants are probably settled in almost every State in the Union. My 
grandfather, Israel Taft, settled in Mendon, and when Upton was 
incorporated, was set off to Upton." 

Mr. Frederick Taft, the writer of this letter, was born in 1759, 
two years before the death of the first Daniel Taft, and nine years 
before the death of Benjamin, sons of the first Robert ; and Sam- 
uel Taft, the father of Frederick, was born in 1731, when all the 
five sons of the first Robert were in active life. He had failed to 
learn, or to recollect the name of the founder of our race, on this 
continent. But the tradition coming down so directly, ought to be 
valuable as to the nationality of the family. I have made some 
effort to test the truth of these statements. So far as the tempor- 
ry settlement of one branch of the family in Ireland, is concerned, 
e find confirmation in the facl, that in 172S, about fifty years after 
Robert Taft came to Mendon, Matthew Taft did come from the 
lorth part of Ireland, and settled in that part of Flopkinton, which 
is now in Upton. Some of the descendants of Matthew Taft re- 
side still in Upton ; some' reside, and have resided for many years, 
in the State of Vermont, and some have emigrated to, and live in 
the State of New York. They all have a tradition, that they came 
from Scotland, and tarried but a few years in Ireland. As to the 
supposed emigration from England, of the second brother, or his 
descendants, and their settlement in South Kingston, R. I., it wants 
confirmation. We have found none bearing the name, whom we 
could not trace to Robert, except the descendants of Matthew. 
Hf those, who settled in South Kingston, were in fact "numerous 
ai d wealthy," as Mr. Frederick Taft learned 'from "the man who 
worked for him," it is remarkable that they have not been reported 
, i" us. It is possible, that, unlike the descendants of Robert, they 
j' proved unprolific, so that, though once planted in Rhode Island, 

(the race has run out. We cannot ascribe such a result to the 

the race has run out. 


confined limits or unfertile character of that State, for Robert Taft's 
descendants have flourished there, as well as elsewhere. 

Confirmatory of this general recollectioivof Mr. Frederick Taft, 
that the emigration was immediately from England, I will refer to a 
statement left by the late Bazaleel Taft, Esq., written in 1S37. 

He says: "My great-grandfather, Daniel Taft, came from Eng- 
land, and settled on the south-east side of Mention pond. My 
great-grandfather had four brothers come with him, Thomas, Rob- 
ert, Joseph and Benjamin. The two former settled nigh him in 
Mendon, on the easterly margin of Mendon pond." 

"Joseph located himself on the estate now occupied by Zadock 
Taft, within what was then Mendon, now on the Providence road in 
Uxbridge. Benjamin settled on the estate on which I now reside. 
My grandfather, Josiah, lived on the farm since owned and im-' 
proved by my father, Bazaleel Taft, and given by him to my sister I 
Chloe Thayer, and on which she and her family now reside." 

In estimating the value of this kind of evidence, we have to 
consider the intelligence of the men, the subject of the tradition, 
and their opportunities for knowing whereof they have spoken. I 

The writer of the last statement differs from the writer of the 
former, in not going so far back as to Scotland, nor does he appear t 
to know that there was a first Robert, of whose existence Freder- 
ick was aware, although he did not know his name. But these two 
statements are not inconsistent. They both make the immediate 
emigration to America, from England. 

Daniel Taft, one of the five original brothers, lived to the age of 
84 years, and died in 17 61. Esquire Bazaleel the elder, was born 
in 1750, eleven years before the death of his grandfather Daniel, 
and eighteen years before the death of Benjamin the brother of 
Daniel, and he himself lived to be eighty-nine years of age, and 
died in the year 1839. He was well known by many now living. 
These two lives of Daniel and Bazaleel, spanned the entire space. 
It is impossible to doubt, that the first Daniel Taft, who, if he did 
not come with his father, lived with him in Mendon forty-five years, 


knew whence he came. He must have known what his father 
said on the subject, and must have communicated it, not once, but 
a thousand times, and so it became a tradition. The younger 
Bazaleel must have heard his father's account of the same. And 
here I may add my own memory of what the elder Bazaleel, in the 
summer of 1834, informed me. It was my first visit to Uxbridge. 
He told me substantially the same thing as is stated in the paper I 
have now read. He was then S4 years of age. These traditional 
statements, together with some further considerations arising from 
the etymological derivation of the name, make it quite clear that 
we must go to England, or Scotland, to look for the origin of our 

If we regard the name itself, it leads us to the same conclusion. 
Mr. Jameson, in his "Etymological Dictionary of the Scottish Lan- 
guage," a work of high authority, gives the word "Taft" as a good 
Scotch word, meaning "a messuage, or dwelling and ground for 
household uses." "This term," he further remarks, "seems rad- 
ically the same with the English 'Toft.'" I know of no other lan- 
guage, in which the name has significance. With the broad pro- 
nunciation of the Scotch, there is not much difference in sound, 
between the Scotch "Taft" and the English "Toft." Though evi- 
dently from the same root, the meaning is slightly different in Eng- 
land, and in Scotland. In England, according to Webster, one 
definition is — "a grove of trees," and another is, "a place where a 
messuage has stood, but is decayed, probably from the root of 
Tuft ;" and Webster gives its derivation in the Danish language, as 
from "tofte, or tomt," to which also Jameson traces "taft," in the 
Scottish dialed. 

It has been, sometimes thought, that the name was Irish, because 
there is a well known and distinguished family in Ireland, of the 
name Taaffe, or Taffe, or Taff, or Taaf, in all which forms, the 
name is spelled, though always pronounced in the same manner, 
and as one syllable. It has been supposed, that the change from 
Taaffe to Taft was so slight, that the names may well be regarded 


as the same, and this is true. At one time, I thought there was 
great force in the argument to show, that our race sprung from Ire- 
land, and was Irish. There are very few English names which 
have not in the last two hundred years, undergone greater modifica- 
tions than this would be. But it is to be considered, that the name 
is as liable to be changed from Taft to Taff, as from Taff to Taft. 

The question after all, is, Where does the name belong — where 
is its home ? and whence did our family come ? I am not disposed 
to controvert the hypothesis, that the names are the same. But 
whence did Robert Taft bring it to America ? 

This is a point on which I might enlarge, if it were profitable to 
use your time to-day, in that way. 

Abbe Mac Geoghehan, in his history of Ireland, which was writ- 
ten in French, and which is regarded as good authority, and gener- 
ally accurate, says, (page 274.) 

"The Taffes of Ireland are originally from England, their first 
appearance in Ireland was at the end of the 13th century." Mem* 
bers of this family reached great honor and power. Mr. Lodge in 
his book on the British Peerage and Baronetage, says, that, "Kinj 
James I. gave Wm. Taaffe much ; also Queen Elizabeth gave hin 
preferment" — that, "Sir John Taafe, his son, was knighted in his 
father's lifetime, and the King in 1628, having received commen- 
dation of his virtues and abilities, and that he was a principal gen- 
tleman of an ancient family of England, and well affected to his 
Majesty's interest, was pleased to advance him to the dignity of 
Baron of Ballymore and Viscount Taffe of Corren, by Patent, 
bearing date at Dublin, Aug. 1, 162S, and July 14th he took his 
seat in the House of Peers." 

One of the feats of arms for which Capt. Wm. Taffe received 
preferment from Elizabeth, was the taking of Blarney Castle; and 
from the account of that transaction given in history, it would seem 
to have been taken as much by blarney, as by military prowess. 
But it was an important service to the crown of England, and 
Queen Elizabeth and King James so regarded, and rewarded it. 


I refer to these authorities, not to claim anything more than 
plebeian blood, by identifying ourselves with the nobility of Ire- 
land, but to show that the historical result is the same, whether our 
ancestors came directly from England, Scotland or Ireland; and 
that the change in the spelling may as well have been from '"Tart 
to Taafie," when the family now in Ireland left England, as from 
"Taaffe" to "Taft," when our ancestors settled in Mendon, and 
when Matthew settled in Upton. 

Some future genealogical explorer will' travel in England, Scot- 
land and Ireland, and search the records there, to prove where this 
name belongs, and to identify if possible the place from which 
Robert Taft came to this country, and whether or not, Sarah came 
with him. 

But, yielding to the tradition among the descendants of both 
Robert, and Matthew, such weight as we cannot well deny, we 
must conclude, that though these families may all be of the same 
original stock, the emigration of the family now in Ireland, from 
England or Scotland, was several centuries earlier than that of 
Robert Taft, who came directly to this country, from the original 
home of the race. 

On the 29th of July following the purchase from Crowne, a par- 
tition was made between Savil Simpson and Robert Taft, by deed, 
in which Robert Taft is described as "late of Braintree, now of 
Mendham, carpenter." This deed gives to Simpson a certain field 
belonging to the said land, commonly called "Pondfield ;" and it 
gives to Robert Taft the field known as the "Fortfield," and says 
that both of said fields, viz : "Pondfield and Fortfield are parted, 
the one from the other, by the highway as it now lies.'' Now it 
happens that these two fields, the "Pondfield," and the "Fortfield," 
are still divided by the same road "lying," as it did then. There 
was very early, some structure on the Fortfield, which was called, 
and perhaps used as a fort. There are now on the high part of the 
tract, large rocks which appear to have belonged to something of the 
kind. But this name, and this fort antedate King Philip's war. 

The records of the proceedings of the settlers before the war, dis- ! 
tinguish these two fields in the same way, in assigning them to j 
Col. Wm. Crowne. It is satisfactory to be able to find the field, ; 
on which the fortunes of the Taft family were begun ; that on 
which the first house was raised, and that on which the second was 
erected. It adds to our satisfaction, to find the descendants of 
Robert Taft still cultivating his lands, and dwelling there. It is 
seldom true in this country, that the descendants of one man hold, 
for two hundred years, the first homestead. Mr. Alanson Taft, in 
the sixth generation from the first Robert, owns and resides upon 
the homestead, the original Fortfield, a site as beautiful now as it 
was then, himself descended from the first Thomas, and his wife 
descended from Robert, junior. 

If any one supposes that the purchase of a forty acre "house 
lot" was the purchase of but forty, or eighty acres of land, he has | 
an inadequate idea of the transaction. The project of founding a 
settlement was formed as early as 1662, and about forty men C0i 
certed together for the purpose. Part of them were from We; 
mouth, and part from Braintree. Their records began several yeai 
before they had a legal organization as a town. These forty me- 
each had a forty acre house lot with all the rights, which unde 
their organization appertained to such ownership. It appears realh 
to have been an ownership of one-fortieth of all the lands in th> 
town, to be divided out as they should want them to improve or tc 
sell, and this right amounted to more or less, as the owner wa= 
more or less careful to draw r and locate lands at every division. I 
would seem that the proprietors did not all of them draw and locate 
their share of the lands divided. The more lands they had, the 
more taxes to support the minister and to build the meeting house, 
and the more work on the highways, they would have to pay. 
Robert Taft and his sons after him, were prompt to draw, and lo- 
cate their share of every division. The prime house lot was nom- 
inally forty acres. But it had meadow lands attached to it, and it 
had what was called the "great lot," which was generally located 


in some other place, and was much larger. The prime idea would 
seem to have been, that every proprietor should have all the land 
he needed, as incident to his house, or house lot ; and then, that 
there should be divisions from time to time of the unappropriated 
lands as they should determine. Care was taken that none should 
be let into proprietorship, who were not approved by the commun- 
ity. The lot which each dwelt upon was sometimes called his 
doubling lot, or the lot located on the "prime division." It was 
the lot that showed his proper share in future divisions. The order 
in which they should choose lands for locations, was determined by 
lot, so that, as the resolutions of the town expressed it, "it should 
be by Divine Providence disposed to them, for all the right they 
are legally seized of."' 

As Robert Taft was a housewright, the building of his house was 
promptly done. Its site on the "Fortfield" was most eligible, and 
is well known. It rose gently from the pond, standing at a grace- 
ful, and yet convenient distance. It was all the more beautiful as a 
water-view, because it was the only handsome site in town com- 
manding a water-view at all. The land itself was excellent, and 
of such a commodious grade as to be profitably cultivated. It is 
easy to imagine Robert and Sarah in their old age, after having 
labored incessantly to clear and cultivate their house lot, sitting in 
their front door, and admiring the beautiful sheet of water spread 
out before them, and felicitating themselves on having the only site 
in Mendon combining all the desirable qualities found in this. They 
might have gone further and congratulated themselves on the fact 
that, by encompassing this beautiful lake, by their lands and their 
houses, they had identified it with the history of their lives in 
Mendon, and made it a family monument, as imperishable as any 
shaft of stone. "It bore no inscription from which the future anti- 
quarian should wipe the dust," but it was so identified with that 
pioneer father and those pioneer sons, that it needed none, to tell 
their descendants of the hardships they had endured, to found a 
family in the forests of Mendon. 


Our first progenitor in this country, was a plain, unlettered man. 
He was a carpenter, a self-made man. The indications are that 
he followed the business in early life, efficiently ; for when he came 
to Mendon, being about forty years old, he brought the means to 
buy land. Though described as a joiner, he had five sons, and 
was in a new country of farms. He comprehended the situation. 
There was a demand for farmers, not joiners. Even- man in that 
primitive age and country was his own joiner. Robert reared his 
sons to be farmers, and became a farmer himself. He understood 
the main strength of a farmer. It was land. He had a farm even 
in Braintree, however short his stay there. He secured land in 
Mendon before moving his family, and after his settlement in Men- 
don, he pursued the same policy on a larger scale. It appears 
from the proprietor's book, at Mendon, that Robert Taft after set- 
tling in Mendon, laid out, and located, and purchased numerous 
and large tracts of land, lands in his own name, and lands in the 
names of all his sons. It would be tedious to enumerate his ap- 
propriations, and his purchases. They were in all parts of the 
town, but more extensively in the south and west. The father and 
the sons had the same appetite for land, and by its gratification 
they secured themselves and their descendants against any occa- 
sion for emigrating, for a long time to come. The first generation 
accumulated, so far as we can learn, and wasted little or nothing. 
They built houses, and cleared and cultivated their lands. The 
young men, as soon as they arrived at the proper time of life, mar- 
ried discreet and industrious young women, and the forests of Men- 
don and Uxbridge blossomed as the rose. If they desired to live 
in good old Uxbridge or Mendon, they had permanent homes on 
which to live. If our tribe emigrated less than other families, for 
a time, this is accounted for by the foresight and energy of the 
fathers, rather than by the want of those qualities in their sons. 

So extensive were the possessions of Robert Taft and his sons, 
that from Mendon Pond which they encompassed, and which then, 
and for many yeaw^tfterward, was known as Taft's pond, and is 

still so designated on the county map, they stretched away to the 
State line on the south, and across all the three rivers, and several 
miles beyond, toward the west. It is said that his purchases west 
of the Blackstone covered an area of two and a half miles square, 
nor is this at all incredible, if we regard the proprietor's book, and 
if there is room for laying out so much land on that side of the 
river, without encroaching upon the town of Douglas. 

But there is one other real estate transaction of Robert Taft, 
which has excited my curiosity, and which I cannot afford to omit. 
In Book 30, page 165, of Suffolk county records, is recorded a deed 
dated March 10, 17 13, by Paul Dudley, William Mumford and six 
others, conveying to Robert Taft, one-tenth part of a tract of land 
eight miles square, reciting that his excellency Joseph Dudley, 
Governor, agreeably to an order passed by the council and assem- 
bly at Boston, in 1703, had granted to the grantors, a certain tracl 
of waste land purchased of the Indian native proprietors, situated 
in the Nipmuck country, between the towns of Menclon, Worces- 
ter, New Oxford, Sherbourne, and Marlboro, of eight miles square, 
wherein is included a tract of four miles square, called Hassana- 
misco, owned by the Indians, they to have and to hold the land by 
the name of the town of Sutton, and that Robert Taft of Mendon, 
was equally interested with William Mumford and others, who con- 
stituted the company to whom the grant was made, and was one of 
the first purchasers of said tracl of land from the Indians, although 
not mentioned in said grant, and the said Paul Dudley and com- 
pany above named, "for and in consideration of the undoubted 
right of the said Robert Taft in the premises,'' convey one full 
tenth part of said tracl: of land, to be known as the town of Sutton, 
subject among other conditions, to that of "paying to the Queen one- 
ffth of the gold and silver that should be found." The negotiation 
for the purchase of this tract of land had been made with John 
Wampus, the Indian sachem ; and the negotiations had been had 
as early as 16S1-3, not long after the settlement of Mendon ; and 
after the purchase had been negotiated with the Indians, a much 


more tedious negotiation had to be made with the colonial govern- 
ment, to have their purchase recognized. There were many who 
disputed the title of John Wampus and his tribe. There are sun- 
dry strong petitions on file in Boston, both for and against the rec- 
ognition of the purchase. Robert Taft's name did not appear 
among the purchasers ; but this deed settles the question, that he 
was a part-owner, and undoubtedly bore an important part in the 
original negotiations with John Wampus for the land. I can find 
no other ground for the complaint which was made against him, 
for irregular trading with the Indians. 

The purchase of Sutton, is mentioned by Rev. Peter Whitney in 
his history of the County of Worcester, published in 1793. On 
page 89, he says : "The tracl of land (Sutton ), was originally pur- 
chased by a number of gentlemen of Sachem John Wampus and 
his company, Indians, who claimed it. Wampus first reserved four 
miles square for his countrymen, the Indians, which they called 
Hassanamisco. This is now Grafton." Robert Taft was at least 
one of the principal purchasers of this large and valuable township 
of land ; a township which, at the time Mr. Whitney wrote, (1793), 
had more inhabitants than Worcester itself. Robert's dealing with 
the Indians undoubtedly had significance. But there is no evi- 
dence that the Indians ever complained of any injustice, or that 
any injustice or harm was done by him to anybody, however his 
negotiating with them, might have excited the jealous apprehen- 
sions of some of his neighbors, at a time when the bitter memories 
of the Indian war, were still rankling in their minds. But the gov- 
ernment finally recognized the validity and propriety of the pur- 
chase, and ratified the title. His interest in the town of Sutton, he 
afterward disposed of to different parties. 

The first general town meeting held in Mendon was on January 
3d, A. D. 16S0, when the town chose their selectmen, and Robert 
Taft was one of them. This was his first appearance in Mendon. 

On the fourth day of the second month, the town held another 
meeting, and chose Robert Taft as one of a committee, to take care 


that the building of the minister's house be carried on and finished 
at or before the 25th of December next. 

The first list of names assessed for the minister's support that is 
shown by the records, was in 1685. Robert Taft is among them, 
and pays a good rate. A committee was appointed to build a 
meeting house, and raise the money. He was on that committee. 
From time to time he was elected as one of the Selectmen, and 
was frequently placed on important committees. From time to 
time, by vote of the town, he, with Deacon Josiah Chapin, was 
placed on a committee "'to instruct the Selectmen." The town re- 
lied on his judgment in practical matters. In 1698 he was on a 
committee, with Captain Chapin, "to view the streams of the town, 
and select a place for a corn mill." The land he and his sons had 
laid out and purchased, lay on both sides of the Blackstone, and 
extended westwardly. They had found out that the best lands they 
had, were on the west side of that river, and they were busily en- 
gaged in improving them. They projected a bridge. It was a pub- 
lic matter, but it was more important to them, than to all the rest 
of the town. The town was not ready to vote money, but it did 
vote, "that Mr. Taft and his sons should be freed from working at 
the highways, in case they build a bridge over the Great River to 
their land on the west side of said river, until other men's work 
come to be proportionable to theirs in working upon the highways." 
This was in 1709. The bridge was built, and was probably the 
first bridge ever built over that river. The site is still known, 
though abandoned as a site for a bridge, the river having cut an- 
other channel and made the western landing of the bridge on an 
island. The road which they excavated to the old bridge is plain- 
ly visible, though overgrown with shrubbery and trees. But, for 
many years it was the crossing for the public, as well as for the 
Tafts, and though known as "the bridge the Tafts built," the pub- 
lic had no other. In a few years the town began to feel the ab- 
sence of the Tafts in the repairing of highways, and I suspect that, 
if the truth was known, the town had become sick of its bargain. 


In 1 72 1 the town voted, "to choose three men to discuss with Mr. 
Taft and his sons, with reference to their falling in with the town to 
work at highways, and to make report to the town on what terms 
they will fall in, at the next meeting." The next meeting was 
called to consider and resolve what to do with respect to repairing 
the Great River Bridge, and about the TafLs "falling in" with the 
town, to work at the highways. The town met and proposed to 
the Tafts an arbitration, which was declined, whereupon the town 
"voted that Mr. Taft and his sons, that had been freed by the town 
from working at the highways on the account of building the above 
said bridge, do henceforth work at the highways equally with the 
rest of the inhabitants of the town, and that the surveyors warn 
them to work at the highways as other men, and on their refusal, 
to prosecute them for their neglect, and that the town will stand 
by them in their prosecution." We hear no more of the question. 
The Tafts, probably, were good natured about it, and "fell in,'' not 
caring to press farther the operation of their remarkable contract 
with the town. They could well afford to do so, such was their 
monopoly of the good lands on the west side of the river. 

No alienation or disaffection resulted from this harmless contro- 
versy. "The bridge the Tafts built," continued to be "the bridge 
over the Great River," and the only one, for twenty years ; and 
then in 1729, the Tafts built the second bridge, a short distance 
below the first. This also was done in concert with the town. 
But, instead of voting to free them from highway taxes, "till other 
men's work come to be proportionable," the town of Uxbridge 
voted to contribute sixty pounds toward the expense, the Tafts 
agreeing to build, and keep the bridge in good repair for seven 
years. This was undoubtedly a better bargain for the town, than 
the former. But the bridging of the "Great River," still remained 
a family affair of the Tafts. 

There can be no doubt of the weight and usefulness of the first 
Robert in the affairs of the town, as well as of his discretion in the 
conduct of his own affairs. 


In 1693, his son Thomas appears upon the tax list. In 1695, 
Robert junior was taxed. In 1699, Daniel was taxed and the Taft 
family paid more taxes than any other. In 1703, Joseph was 
taxed. In 17 13, a drawing was had for the sixth division of lots, 
and Robert, Thomas, Robert, junior, Daniel, Joseph and Benjamin 
all appeared on the roll. Benjamin does not appear on the list of 
those taxed to support the minister, at all, in Mendon. That cir- 
cumstance is explained by the facl that he was reported as a Qua- 
ker, and the Quakers were exempt from military duty, and from 
supporting any ministers but their own. Not many years after 
these boys began to pay taxes, they began respectively to take a 
share in town affairs ; and the father, yielding his place to them, 
gradually receded from the public eye, till February 9th, 1725, 
when he departed this life. 

The records of that early time were imperfect. We have no 
record of their births or marriages, and are fortunate if we find 
when they died. It was a rare circumstance, if any of those hard 
working men, who were founding the fortunes of their country, as 
well as their own, recorded anything relating to the past, and their 
verbal communications were lost in their graves. 

In my recent search in the archives of Suffolk* county, I found 
the original will of the first Robert Taft, in an enclosure with sev- 
eral other interesting documents. The will was dilapidated, and in 
several pieces. But after collecting the pieces, and restoring them 
to their places, there was no difficulty in reading it. 

Directly under the signatures of the testator and the witnesses, 
was written the probate of the will as made by Sarah, the widow, 
on the 4th of March, 1725, authenticated by the Judge of Probate, 
though not transcribed upon the record. The will was written in a 
good plain hand, and in the same enclosure was the inventory of 
his estate, evidently written in the same hand. Among the items 
of the inventory, were : u In primis, his purse ,£75, 15s," and the 
other items were such as to give some idea of the simple and yet 
comfortable manner of life of this aged couple, who had long since 


given each of their sons ample farms by deeds of gift, and in fact 
distributed among them the larger part of their estate. The ap- 
praised items amount, as I add them, to £25 1, 7J, leaving out "the 
bible and other books," the valuations of which are torn off and 
lost. It is to be remembered that shillings then, were more valua- 
ble than pounds are now. The most interesting document con- 
tained in the inclosure however, was a petition of the widow, Sarah 
Taft, to the Judge of Probate, dated Feb. 20, 1725, asking to be 
excused from personal attendance to prove the will : 

"Whereas by the last will and testament of my beloved husband, 
your poor petitioner is made sole executrix thereof, and I being ad- 
vanced through Divine Providence unto the age of eighty and five 
years, so that I am rendered incapable of taking so great a journey 
upon me as to appear personally before your Honor, the distance be- 
ing near forty miles ; that your Honor would be pleased to excuse 
your aged petitioner's non-appearance, and that the will may be 
proved ; and that your Honor would permit and allow of my oldest 
son, Thomas Taft, being co-administrator with me, to assist, that I 
may the better be enabled to a6t and transact, is the prayer and 
humble request of your petitioner." (Signed) "Sarah Taft." 

Sarah also appeared before Josiah Chapin, Esq., on the 17th of 
Februrary, 1725, and made a formal acknowledgment of this peti- 
tion as her voluntary act. This is the first authentic evidence we 
have had of the age of these our first progenitors, and that Sarah, to 
whom the testator by his will gave all his property, was alive, and 
caused the will to be proved. When I saw the will, I had not seen 
the handwriting of any of the sons. But having since seen many 
original documents written by Daniel, as well as other of the sons, 
I am satisfied that the will and the inventory were in the handwriting 
of his son Daniel. 

In November of the same year, the record shows that Thomas 
applied for letters of administration, and the court made an entry 
reciting the fact, that the said Sarah Taft having deceased, the 
court appointed Thomas, the oldest son, sole administrator. The 


administration bond of Thomas, with his son, Eleazer Taft, and 
Jacob Aldrich as his sureties, is with the will, duly executed. Both 
Robert and Sarah, therefore, died in 1725. 

The recorded deeds of gift to his sons in consideration of his 
love and affection, bespeak a father, who was not the last to appre- 
ciate the prudence and enterprise of his own sons. These disposi- 
tions of his property w r ere worthy of a patriarch. He trusted his 
sons, and they were all worthy of his confidence. By these gener- 
ous and timely gifts, in which Sarah shared, for she had joined her 
husband in executing the deeds, he had shown' the strength of his 
love for his sons. By his will, he showed the undoubting confi- 
dence lie placed in his faithful Sarah. "Inprimis, to my beloved wife, 
Sarah, whom I likewise constitute my sole executrix, if she shall sur- 
vive me, I give all and singular my real and personal estate, together 
with my moveables, viz : My lands, houses and chattels, and other 
effects by me possessed, to be by her freely possessed and enjoyed.'' 
He then gave a small money legacy to the oldest daughter of each 
son, beginning with Sarah the oldest daughter of Thomas, adding to 
each, eight shillings "to purchase for her a bible." Thus, he remem- 
bered each son in his oldest daughter, who was made the representa- 
.ive of each of these large families, to receive this token of grand pa- 
rental affection. He then added, "To his granddaughter, Rebecca 
Taft, by reason of her living and dwelling with him," the same pro- 
vision as for the oldest daughters. This was on her own account. 
Rebecca was the youngest daughter of Robert, Jr., and then about 
nineteen years of age. She had lived with her grand-parents and 
ministered to their comfort and society. It was a token of his 
gratitude, not a reward for services. He had rewarded everybody, 
and had already given a full share of his estate to her father. But 
it was the yearning of the old man's heart to have Rebecca under- 
stand, that her filial attentions and her youthful society had been 
remembered. In the exuberance of her young life, she had not 
forgoVten the loneliness of age, and had contributed, as none but a 
daughter or a grand-daughter can do, to make honored, but solitary 
old age, cheerful and happy. 

He and Sarah had endured the hardships of frontier life, and 
acquired an estate, respectable for the times. It is manifest that 
Sarah cannot be left out in our estimate of this family. If it has 
had any success, or made any impression on the world, Sarah is 
entitled to a full share of the credit. There are indications that 
she had a better education than her husband. Nor is it to be for- 
gotten that Robert and Sarah endowed their children with sound 
and vigorous constitutions. They gave the race a good^ start, and 
Sarah was a full partner in the concern. She survived her husband. 
- She buried him. In the great struggle among families for posses- 
sions, and for asdendancy, a race with a strong physical constitu- 
tion is formidable. 

From all the evidence we have, the following may be taken as a 
statement of the dates of the births, marriages and deaths of the 
five sons, sufficiently accurate for practical purposes : 

Pied. Aged. 

1755 84 

1748 Apr. 29. 74 
1761 Aug. 24. 84 
1747 Jun. iS. 67 
1766 84 

Each of these five sons had large families and many descend- 
ants, sufficient for a distinct and luxuriant family tree. The further 
discussion, therefore, of the descendants of the first Robert and 
Sarah Taft, divides itself into five heads- The families of these 
five sons were as follows, viz : — 

I. Thomas Taft had eleven children. 1 

1. Joseph, born May 26, 1693. 

2. Sarah, born March 29, 1695. 

3. Eleazer, born April 5, 1697. 
4^ Hannah, born April 17, 1699. 

5. Rebecca, born March 15, 1701. 

6. Deborah, born Nov. 14, 1702. 

7. Rachel, born Oct. 1, 1704. 

8. Martha, born June 15, 1708. 

9. Isaac, born July 15, 17 10. 

10. Susannah, ) bom March 

11. Ihomas, j a» / o 






Robert, Jr., 













II. Robert, Junior, had eleven children. 
i. Elizabeth, bom Jan. 18, 1695-6. 

2. Robert, born Dec. 24, 1697. _ 

3. Israel, born April 26, 1699. 

4. Mary, born Doc. 21, 1700.' 

5. Elizabeth, born June iS, 1704. 

6. Alice, born June 27, 1707. 

7. Eunice, born Feb. 20, 170S-9.' 

8. John, born Dec. iS, 1710. 

9. Jemima, born April 1, 17 13. 
io. Gideon, born Oct. 4, 17 15. 

11. Rebecca, born March 15, 1701. 

III. Daniel Taft had eight children. 

1. Daniel, born Aug. 4, 1704. 

2. Abigail, born Sept. 24, 1707. 

3. Josiah, born April 2, 1709. 

4. Lydia, born April 13, 17 13. 

5. Daniel, born April 29, 1715. 

6. Ephraim, born May 25, 17 18. 

7. Japhet, born March 3, 1721-2. 

8. Caleb, bom 1724. 

IV. Joseph, the fourth son, had nine children. 

Lucy, born Sept. 22, 1709. 
Moses, born Jan. 30, 17 13. 
Peter, born 17 15. 
Sarah, born March 2, 17 19. 
Joseph, born April 19, 1722. 
Elizabeth, born Oct. 30, 1724. 
Aaron, born April 12, 1727. 
Margaret, born Feb. 9, 1729. 
Ebenezer, born Aug. S, 1732. 

V. Benjamin, the fifth son, had six children. 

1. Samuel, born July 11, 170S. 

2. Stephen, born April 16, 1710. 

3. Mijamin, bom April 25, 17 12. 

4. Tabareh, born June 11, 17 14. 

5. Silas. 

6. Paul. 

There is no doubt as to where Robert and Sarah resided. But there 
is a conflict of opinions on the question, where the sons resided. 
I have at length, relieved my mind of the perplexity arising from 
the different localities with which they have been respectively 
identified, by the hypothesis, that being large fanners, they not on- 
ly had "house lots," where their dwellings were, but that they car- 


ried on large farms, away from the house lots. We may remember 
that the plan of the settlement of JMendon was, that each proprie- 
tor should have a "house lot," on which to place his dwelling, and 
a "great lot," wherever he might choose it. It is certain that 
when Thomas, and Robert, Jr., and Daniel were respectively mar- 
ried, the father gave each of them a part of the "Fortfield," and 
each of them built and occupied a house, on his part of the original 
"house lot." Thomas had the south part, Daniel was next, Rob- 
ert, Jr., had his house lot next to his father. His lot was forty- 
eight rods in front upon the road. In a deed to Robert, Jr., dated 
1 7 13, of a small piece of land on the opposite side of the road, 
his father describes it as being "right over against the mansion 
house of the said Robert Taft, Jr." And in a deed to Daniel in 
1706, of his part of the house lot, he says of it : "Lying above 
that part of the house lot, whereon our beloved son Robert is set- 
tled by our appointment," and in the same deed, he denominates 
the other divisions of lands as his "out lands." My conclusion 
from all the record evidence, is that the three older brothers all 
had their residences on the "house lot," or "Fortfield," while their 
father lived. But as farming was their business, and they had the 
boys to do it, Thomas carried on a large farm at "Little-pond," 
which was a mile or two south of his "mansion." Robert carried 
on the farm generally known as the Mowry farm, which is on tb 
north-west of the large pond, but bordering upon it ; and Dani 
owned, and carried on the farm now owned and occupied by M 
Samuel H. Taft, bordering on the south-west part of the pond, ar 
including the outlet which drains the surplus from the pond, calk 
Meadow brook, on which he erected, and ran a grist mill. Thes 
were large farms, the clearing, improving and cultivation of whic 1 
occupied most of their active lives, and kept their boys vigorousi 
employed. Thomas and Robert had each four sons, and Danie 
had five, all enterprising farmers. They undoubtedly erede< 
houses and barns on these large farms, and during a portion of tht 
year, may have resided there. 



But their homes were with their families in their "mansions," on 
the "house lot."' This was the state of things, till the father's 
death. Robert, Jr., conveyed his homestead near the pond to 
Captain Robert, his son, by deed dated 1726, the next year after 
his father's death, and removed to Uxbridge where he resided, on 
the east side of the Blackstone, near the Uxbridge woolen mill, 
having lands on both sides of the river. Thomas and Daniel ap- 
pear to have continued to reside in their "mansion houses" on the 
"house lot." It is probable that, in that early day, when apprehen- 
• sion of danger from the Indians, and from the wild beasts of the 
forest, haunted the minds of the* settlers, and when the town could 
afford but one school, considerations of mutual protection and 
convenience, as well as of soeiety, influenced the older sons to 
locate their homesteads in the immediate neighborhood of their 
father. But Daniel, not long after the death of Lydia, his wife, 
which happened in 175S, moved to the house of his son Daniel, 
with whom he made his home, on what is known as the "South- 
wick" farm, in Mendon, where he died soon after, [1761]. Joseph 
and Benjamin the two youngest sons, undoubtedly settled on the 
west side of the Blackstone not far from the meeting house, Joseph 
owning and residing upon the farm now owned and occupied by 
his great grand-son, Zadock A. Taft, Esq. ; and Benjamin settled 
on the farm now owned and occupied by Mrs. Bazaleel Taft. 
Here were their "mansion houses," while they too, owned and im- 
roved "out lands," in the southwest part of the town. 


Thomas, the oldest son, married Deborah Genery of Dedham, 
t s we learn from a deed of a tract of land situated in Dedham, 
dated 1724, in which he describes it, as "a part of the estate that 
ell to my wife from our honored father Isaac Genery, lately de- 
based, of Dedham." Thomas was a farmer, with eleven children. 
Like his father, he was elected to places of trust in the town 
tffairs, and shared the confidence of the local public. 



These local honors, conferred among persons intimately ac- 
quainted with each other, as are the inhabitants of such a town, 
have not the charm of political honors gained from the State, or 
from larger divisions of the country ; but they are a better test of 
the estimate in which a man is held, by those who know him best. 
Thomas came forward so early, that many have supposed he was 
the father of his brothers, or at least, that he was the brother of 
his father. But he was only his father's oldest son, perhaps two 
or three years older than his brother Robert, Jr. Thomas had 
that part of the original "house-lot*' of his father, on which are 
still remaining the rocks, that, according to tradition, were once 
part of a defence, giving to the whole tract, the name of the "Fort- 
field." He died in 1755, at about the age of eighty-five. Tradi- 
tion says that he was remembered as a venerable old man, tall and 
hoary headed, with a face of benignant expression. 

Thomas and Deborah followed the example of Robert and 
Sarah, in early settling lands upon their children. They gave their 
children better opportunities for education, than had been practi- 
cable, when they themselves were young. The result was devel- 
oped in the next generation. 

Captain Eleazer, his second son, who had been a captain, in the 
French and Indian war, had a pair of twin boys, and named them 
Moses and Aaron. Moses, he sent to Harvard University. Moses 
was probably the second student ever sent to college, from Men- '} 
don. A son of Grindal Rawson, the minister, was sent a few year: 
before. On the 25th day of May, 1750, while Moses was a senior j 
the town of Mendon voted "to choose the Rev. Joseph Dorr's soi „• 
Joseph, and Captain Eleazer Taft's son Moses, to keep school by i 
spells, as they could agree with them." 

Moses taught the school "by spells," but was not hindered from I 
graduating at Harvard in 1751, and immediately commenced his 
studies for the ministry with the Rev. Joseph Dorr of Mendon, the 
minister. He studied to some purpose ; for he pleased the Rev. 
Mr. Dorr, and the Rev. Mr. Dorr's daughter, Miss Mary. Miss 

I I 


Mary's mother was the daughter of Rev. Grindal Rawson, and 
granddaughter of Rev. John Wilson, names of some distinction. 
This alliance united the blood of the Wilsons, the Rawsons, the 
Dorrs and the Tafts. Moses was settled over the church in East 
Randolph, Massachusetts, where he preached thirty-nine years till 
he died, November 12, 1791 ; a pious and an able minister, whose 
usefulness lived long after his death. 

He had four sons and five daughters. The love of learning 
which had taken root in the parents and grandparents, budded and 
blossomed in the children. All the four sons graduated in Harv- 
ard College, and for aught we know, the daughters would have 
taken the same course, if Harvard had been open to them. 

Moses, the oldest son, who graduated in 1774, studied medicine, 
and settled as a physician in Sudbury, Mass. 

Eleazer, who served, and was a Lieutenant in the Revolutionary 
army, nevertheless graduated in the class of 17S3, at the age of 
2&, studied theology, spent his life usefully in the ministry, and 
died at Exeter, N. H., in 1S34, leaving a large and respectable 

Joseph, who also graduated with his older brother Eleazer, in 
the class of 17S3, settled as a physician in Weston, Mass. 

Phineas, the youngest, who graduated in 1789, and studied for 
the ministry, was a young man of fine promise, and was called to 
settle in Ashby, Mass., but died before his ordination. 

The names of the daughters are so soon disguised under those 
of their husbands, that the genealogists find it difficult, if not im- 
possible to trace them. Though the sons are carefully placed up- 
on the right branch of the tree, the daughters may be altogether 
missing. But I determined that these five daughters of Moses 
should not be forgotten. Upon careful inquiry, I find that they all 
married well, became intelligent wives and mothers, and left large 
and respectable families, and that they can no better be spared 
from the race, than their "graduated" brothers. Time does not per- 
mit me to follow their destinies into the five different families with 



which they became connected. But they have been represented 
in all the professions, and in the Legislature of Massachusetts, as 
well as in all honorable trades and callings. 

It is pleasant to find, among* the descendants of Thomas Taft, 
so good and valuable a man as the late Rev. George Taft, D. D., 
of Pawtucket, whose ministry was honorable, long continued, and 
useful. He was a graduate of Brown University, in the class of 
1815. His death occurred within the last four or five years. 
Doctor John G. Metcalf, of Mendon, who knew him well, says of 
him in a recent correspondence : "The Rev. Doctor George Taft 
was one of the best men I ever knew." 

Like the Rev. Moses Taft, he spent his life, a long one, in one 
church. His parishioners sought no change. No higher com- 
mendation could be asked, or given, of the talents, or character of 
these men. In taking an account of our jewels, these cannot be 

We learn from the interesting address of the Rev. Carlton A. 
Staples, "upon the history of the church of Mendon," that it is 
recorded, that, in 1772, "Thomas Taft was suspended from com- 
munion in special ordinances, for repeatedly refusing to hear, and 
casting contempt upon the church, particularly upon the pastor of 
said church, till he should make manifest repentance and reform- 
ation." This was not the first Thomas; he was dead. It could have 
been none other than the fourth son of the first Thomas, who was • A . 
born March 15, 17 13, and was at that time, of the obstinate age ■ 

of fifty-nine, when he refused to hear the Rev. Mr. Willard, and ! 
was suspended from "communion in special ordinances." The 
same pastor had trouble with other members, and was himself 
charged "with false recording and lying," on which he was tried, ; | 
and finally acquitted, but soon after dismissed. 

Who was right, and who wrong, is not now of the slightest im- 
portance, and was probably of no importance then. The minister 
had to be sustained. It brought out, however, the characteristic 
of the race, not to submit tamely to arbitrary rule, even in the 


The Hon. Judge Chapin, whom we are proud to count among 
the Tafts, has the felicity of also being a Chapin, and has the honor 
of having given an admirable address on the occasion of a grand 
gathering of that family, at Springfield. 1 observe that in treating 
the history of that family, he made a point of the great number of 
deacons, that had sprung from Deacon Samuel Chapin, their first 
American progenitor. It was a strong point, and I fear we cannot 
compete successfully in that department. Our ancestor was a 
carpenter. We can boast of many good carpenters, and many in- 
genious mechanics, of many manufacturers whose fabrics contribute 
largely to the wealth and independence of the country, and of a 
great many good farmers whose farms are their own ; and it is not 
without pride that I am able to declare, that the farm of the first 
Robert Taft, is now owned, and cultivated by a descendant, and 
what is still more remarkable, that the farm has not been out of the 
family since it came into it, in 1679. 

Our family have not embarked much upon National politics, ex- 
cept that they have shared in the battles of the country, when 
National Independence was to be won, and also when the Union 
was at stake. But brilliant political careers have not been char- 
acteristic of the Tafts, in the past. [Here the speaker, observing 
Governor Taft in the audience, paused, and said, "I beg pardon of 
my friend Governor Taft, of Vermont, who is a descendant of 
Thomas, for making this remark. But exceptions only prove a 
general rule."] It is not safe to say what may yet be in store for 
them. "There is a tide in the affairs of men," and so of families. 

We find good ministers, physicians, lawyers, engineers, scholars, 
merchants, bankers, men who know how to get rich, and men who 
dare to be poor ; and if I should yield to the Chapins in the num- 
ber of deacons, I could not venture to yield anything even to them, 
on the score of business enterprise, industry, intelligence, integrity 
and good morals. 

The immense families we find among their descendants, bespeak 
their good habits. I called, the other day, upon a venerable lady 


who had borne fifteen children, and lived to see fourteen of them 
marry and settle in life ; and her husband was the late Arnold Taft, 
a worthy descendant of the first Thomas. 

Whether the descendants of Thomas, or those of Robert, Jr., 
are more numerous, it is impossible to say with any certainty. To 
enumerate them would be like attempting to enumerate the chil- 
dren of Israel, and would require a visit to every State in the Un- 
ion, and to Canada, and probably to other countries. 


In about two, or at most three years after Thomas was settled 
and paid taxes, Robert, Junior, was also settled and came upon 
the tax list. After the separate organization of Uxbridge, Robert, 
Junior, and both the Josephs, and Benjamin disappear from the 
subsequent records of Mendon, and appear upon those of Uxbridge. 

At the first March meeting of Uxbridge, (1727), Robert Taft, 
no longer junior, his father being dead, was chosen first selectman. 
He continued to figure in the town affairs, having undoubted weight 
and influence for a few years, when he gave up that kind of ambi- 
tion to his son Captain John, and retired to that otium cum digni- 
tate, which becomes old age. He died April 29, 174S. 

His oldest son, who remained in Mendon, had large transactions 
in real estate, and was a man of spirit and enterprise. He was popu- 
lar, and held every office of trust and honor the town had to give, 
from fence viewer and tything-man, to selectman and representative 
in "the Great and General Court." He came upon the stage after 
Captain Josiah Chapin had passed off, and after his uncle Daniel 
had become absorbed in the important duties which, at that time, 
weighed down a colonial justice of the peace. Capt. Robert was 
elected representative many times. From 1740, he was chosen not 
less than five or six times in succession. He lived and died ii 
Mendon. He and his cousin, Captain Eleazer Taft, were contem j 
poraries, and each had a lively turn of mind, which, after Uxbridge I 
was cut off, seemed to be needed to keep the old town awake ; and 


If they ever went a little too fast, their uncle Daniel was always 
ready to elieck, as well as to sustain them. Meantime, Captain 
John, who was also animating and popular, competed with his 
cousin Josiah, in Uxbridge, for the public favor, and both received a 
large share of it. The descendants of Robert, Junior, are very 
strong in this region, and are numerous elsewhere. They have 
laid hold of every kind of business, and made it thrive. They are 
generally men and women of robust constitutions and good intel- 
lects. They have had some enormous families. The competition 
in that particular, between the tribe of Thomas, and that cf Rob- 
ert, has been fearful. Thomas, and Robert, Jr., led off with eleven 

Israel Taft, of Upton, a son of Robert, Jr., had nineteen chil- 
dren, and Samuel, one of his sons, had twenty-two, of whom four- 
teen grew up, and were married. And I am informed by Governor 
Taft, of Vermont, that Gideon Taft, of that State, another and a 
late descendant of Robert, Jr., was the father of thirty children, 
of whom twenty still survive. But I have not the statistics of the 
family. Samuel, owned and carried on a farm and a tavern in Ux- 
bridge, on the old turnpike road from Boston to Hartford. It was 
at his house, that Washington, on his way from Boston to New 
York, soon after his first election to the Presidency, stopped and 
was entertained, and so much was he pleased with the family, that 
he wrote Mr. Taft the following letter : 

"Hartford, Nov. 8, 17S9. 

"Sir : — Being informed that you have given my name to one of 
your sons, and called another after Mrs. Washington's family," 
[Dandridge, ] ''and being moreover very much pleased with the 
modest and innocent looks of your two daughters, Patty, and Polly, 
T do for these reasons send each of these girls a piece of chintz ; 
and to Patty, who bears the name of Mrs. Washington, and who 
waited more upon us than Polly did, I send five guineas, with 
which she may buy herself any little ornaments she may want, or 
she may dispose of them in any other manner more agreeable to 
herself.' As I do not give these things with a view to have it 
talked of, or even to its being known, the less there is said about 
the matter the better you will please me; but, that I may be sure 


the chintz and money have got safe to hand, let Patty, who [ dare 
say is equal to it, write me a line informing me thereof, directed 'to 
the President of the United States, at New York.' I wish you and 
your family well, and am your humble servant." 

''George Washington." 

Not many girls could boast of such a message as that, from the 
first President of the United States. Though he was President, Wash- 
ington who was childless, admired, if he did not envy Samuel Taft, 
with his numerous family of vigorous and handsome children. It 
was not many years, before both Patty, and Polly, were married, 
and had their children around them. The son who bore the name 
of the President, fettled in Cincinnati, where he repeated the 
compliment, by calling one of his sons, George Washington ; and 
where another son, bearing the name of his grandfather Samuel, 
still resides, and prospers. The old homestead of Samuel Taft in 
Uxbridge, where Washington was entertained and lodged, with 
"the brave old oak" standing as a witness, in the front yard, re- 
mains to the present day in the family, sacredly preserved, to com- 
memorate that father of many children, as well as, "the father of 
his country." ' I have referred to, and'quoted from a letter of the 
late Esquire Frederick Taft, of Uxbridge, a man of great worth 
and force of character. He served three years in the army of the 
Revolution. He was a son of Samuel, and one of the twenty-two. 
Lyman Taft, of Montague, also one of that family, was a man 
of fine physical structure, with a good head, and a comprehensive 
mind. He built a dam across the Connecticut river, and other 
public works. He bought lands extensively in the State of Ver- 
mont, and made money. He sent two sons to college. The old- 
est, Horace, graduated at Dartmouth in 1S06; John Adams, the » 
other, graduated in 1S25, at Yale, — a man of fine promise, b; ;: | 
died early. Horace was a respectable lawyer, and settled in Su 
derland, Massachusetts ; and though now dead, has left a gO( | 
representative, in his son, Henry W. Taft, Esquire, of Pittsneld. ' | 

The late Orray Taft, of Providence, whose business operatio' 
were extensive, and whose character commanded universal respe< 


and the late Archibald Taft, of Berkshire County, whose name and 
character were an ornament and a treasure in the community where 
he lived, and died, both descended from the second Robert. The 
venerable Orsmus Taft, whose old age is made happy by the pros- 
perity of his sons in the business to which he devoted his earlv 
energies, Moses, Robert, Jacob, and many others who are still 
living, and who have been honorably, and usefully, and success- 
fully, connected with the great manufacturing interests o[ this vicin- 
ity, are descendants of the second Robert. Enos N. Taft, Esq. , 
who represents us at the New York, bar, the Hon. Henry Chapin, 
who represents us at the bar and on the bench, of Worcester 
County, and Hon. Velorous Taft, who for many years has held the 
responsible position of Commissioner of Worcester Countv, are 
descendants of the second Robert. The Rev. Carlton A. Staples, 
of Providence, and the Rev. Lovett Taft, of Ohio, are also de- 
scendants of the second Robert. 

The descendants of the second Robert, like those of all the 
other brothers, have done their share at cultivating the earth. Ag- 
riculture, which is the destiny of nine-tenths of the human race in 
civilized countries, was not neglected by Robert, the carpenter, nor 
Robert, Jr., nor yet by Captain Robert, and it has been character- 
istic of the family, not to be above their business. Farming has 
ever been held in honor by them. But when the West ran away 
with the profits of farming, they used their wits, invented, and im- 
proved machinery, turned out abundant fabrics of cotton, woolen, 
wood and iron, and made more money than if the West had not 
attempted to monopolize the honorable profession of farming. In 
all this, the descendants have borne a leading part. In this con- 
ation, as I pass over the mass of enterprising, and worthy busi- 
s men, who have sprung from the second Robert, — bankers, 
rchants, mechanics, manufacturers, in all of which departments, 
y were strong, — I regret that it is out of my power to do justice 
he individuals who make up that mass. When we consider the 
ent to which the name has become associated with the manu- 


factures of this vicinity, and how much more widely the blood has 
extended than the name, we may conclude that the great factories 
of this section of the Blackstone Valley, are almost a family con- 

As the descendants of Benjamin, many years ago, founded, and 
gave their name to a town in Vermont, so the descendants of the 
second Robert have more recently, established a manufacturing 
town in Connecticut, which is known as Taftville, and has pros- 
pered by the enterprise of the founders. 


Four years after Robert, came Daniel upon the tax list, and as- 
sumed the responsibilities of a man. His first marriage was prob- 
ably in the year 1702 or 3. His first wife's Christian name was 
Hannah. Her surname we have not found. She died on the Sth 
of August, 1704, leaving an infant son, Daniel, who soon died also. 
On the 5th of December, 1706, he was married to Lydia Chapin, 
daughter of Captain Josiah Chapin. Of Daniel's second marriage 
we have a record : and his tombstone stands in the old cemetery 
in Mendon, informing us that he died on the 24th of August, 1761, 
aged 84 years. This record fixes his birth in or about the year 
1677, a date earlier than his removal to Mendon, and one year be- 
fore that deed was drawn in Braintree, which bounded the premises 
by the property occupied by Robert Taft. If Robert Taft had 
owned that house and lot more than one year at that time, then 
Daniel was born at Braintree. More than any other man, he suc- 
ceeded to the solid position of Captain Josiah Chapin, after his 
decease, and shared it while he lived. The strength of his position 

among the people is manifest, from the number and variety of trusts | 
placed upon him by the public. He was the legal adviser of hi 
father and his brothers, and alsoof his neighbors. When anything: f 
critical was pending, the town seemed to feel relief, on entrusting 
it to him. If bills of credit were issued by the Colonial govern j 
ment, to be loaned to the towns, Daniel was inevitably the trustee 


for its distribution in loans to the people. lie was often and for 
many years in succession, Treasurer of the town. He became 
familiar with parliamentary rules, and was for many years chosen 
moderator of town meetings. The men of Mendon were critical, 
and rather precise in their mode of doing public business, and 
Daniel's authority did not always pass unchallenged. They were 
especially precise in limiting the proceedings of each town meet- 
ing to the objects specially enumerated in the call as published. 
In February-, 1722, a town meeting had been warned and held, and 
Daniel was chosen moderator. Who the town clerk was docs not 
appear, but he made the record read as follows : "After the busi- 
ness thereof was finished, that was inserted in the warrant, the 
aforesaid moderator, Daniel Taft, assumed unto himself, the power 
to appoint and warn a township meeting, which is contrary to law, 
nothing being inserted in the warrant for calling a meeting for that 
purpose, and took a vote thereon by the holding up of hands." 
And the town, afterward resolved, that what was done at the meet- 
ing so called, was of "none effect." 

Daniel was not satisfied to lie under such an imputation. The 
Tafts rallied at the next March meeting. Daniel was made mod- 
erator, selectman and trustee, and both the Josephs were chosen 
to office, and at a subsequent meeting of the town, it was voted 
that the entry by the clerk of the former meeting, was false and 
defamatory, and that it be expunged. I do not find that Daniel's 
rulings were ever questioned again. In 1730, Daniel was delega- 
ted to negotiate for the creation of the new county of Worcester. 
Up to that time, Mendon and Uxbridge had been in the county of 
Suffolk. The next year, 1731, the county of Worcester was 

In 1732, by a deed, the consideration of which was, "the love and 
affection wJiich I bear the town of Uxbridge" he gave to the town, 
fthe site of the old burying ground, minutely describing it. He was 
chosen representative of Mendon to the General Court, in 1728. 
How many times he was sent to the General Court, I am unable to 


sav. He was a Justice of the Peace under the Colonial govern- 
ment, for many years. His appointment having been made before 
the death of Josiah Chapin, and continuing, I think, to the end of 
his long life. A Justice of the Peace, in England, and under the 
Colonial government is, and always has been an important office. 
The appointment imports a man of dignity, and weight of char- 
acter, and usually a man of an estate. To Josiah, his oldest son, 
he conveyed by deed of gift the farm on the west side of the Black- 
stone, afterwards held by Esquire Bazaleel, Josiah's son, and more 
recently by Mrs. Joseph Thayer, and which is still owned by the 
•family. This fine farm was given by Daniel to Josiah in 1732. 
This is another instance of the fidelity with which these ancient 
farms have been kept and cherished in the family. Daniel's de- 
scendants had considerable political prominence. Captain Josiah, 
his son, resided in Uxbridge, and was honored and trusted as his 
father had been, and was, in Mendon. His son Caleb he sent to 
Harvard University where he died, and the father when called to 
his son's death-bed* was himself attacked by the disease and died 
on his way home,' at the age of forty-seven, leaving unfinished a 
promising career. 

In giving an account of the descendants of Daniel Taft, the 
names of Bazaleel, senior and junior, and of George Spring Taft, 
the son of the younger Bazaleel,' cannot be omitted. I avail my- 
self of a notice published in the Worcester Palladium, on the oc- 
casion of the death of the grandson, George S. Taft. "Hon. Baza- 
leel Taft, senior, was born in 1750, and died in 1S39, in the 89th 
year of his age. For many years he had been one of the leading 
men in the south part 'of Worcester County, and the tokens of the 
confidence of his fellow-citizens, while they imposed upon him the 
burdens of life, strengthened him for their faithful fulfillment. He 
was two years a member of the State senate ; two years a member 
of the executive council, and some years a member of the house 
of representatives from Uxbridge. Pie was a strong and decided 
Federalist, and never swerved from his political faith. Firm, com- 


pact, honest, dignified and able, he went through life fulfilling his 
various duties with rare fidelity and conscientiousness, and leaving 
to his family and to all who knew him, a character which is always 
referred to with reverent pride and pleasure. He became a large 
land holder in his native town, and the old homestead is yet in the 
hands of his descendants. The stately elms which shelter the 
home of the patriarch, built of timber hewn by his own hands, and 
firm as the hills around, are emblematic of the man whose memory 
is embalmed in the hearts of his friends and kindred." Nor can 
I pass from this notice of Bazaleel, senior, without a reference to 
his Revolutionary history, which I have received from my friend, 
the Hon. Henry Chapin, as given in an address delivered by him 
some ten or eleven years since to the citizens of Uxbridge. 

"In the Revolutionary war, Bazaleel Taft, senior, went with a 
company collected in his neighborhood to Rhode Island in the 
capacity of orderly sergeant. Having made his first report, he 
happened to be within hearing, when the commanding officer read 
his report, and as he finished it, exclaimed, 'Who wrote that re- 
,. port ?' Mr. Taft, supposing that possibly he had been guilty of 
- some breach of military rules, and that he might be arrested — slip- 
ped out to attend to some matters, but he had not been absent 
long before he was summoned by an inferior officer to come be- 
fore the commander. Said the commander, 'Is your name Baza- 
leel Taft ?' 'It is, sir.' 'Did you make that report?" 'I did make it. 
I was not very familiar with military matters, but I did it as well as 
I could.' Instead of a reprimand, he was electrified by the an- 
nouncement, 'Mr. Taft, I wish to have you act in the capacity of 
^"Ni Adjutant of these troops. You may enter at once upon the duties, 
V and you shall have a horse as soon as one can be furnished by the 
tgovernment.' " 

I Bazaleel Taft, senior, was grandson of the first Daniel Taft, and 

/ must have been eleven years of age in 1761, when his grandfather 

; Daniel Taft died. His first wife was Abigail Taft, by whom he 

had one child, a daughter, whose name was Eunice. Eunice be- 



came the wife of Den. Phineas Chapin, and the mother of Mrs. 
Paul Whitin, of Whilinsville, — a lady who is remembered with ven- 
eration and affection by all her descendants. His second wife was 
Sarah Richardson. 

His only son who lived to majority, was Bazalfeel Taft, Junior. 
Of him, too, I am able to give a brief account, taken from 
the same article in the Worcester Palladium. "Hon. Bazaleel 
Taft, Jr., was born in 17S0, and died in 1846, in the 66th year 
of his age. He was a gentleman of polished manners, excellent 
culture and high standing in his profession. He graduated at 
Cambridge in the year 1804, and after being admitted to the bar, 
established himself as a lawyer in his native town. He always 
resided in Uxbridge, and enjoyed largely the confidence of his fel- 
low-citizens. He was twice elected a member of the State senate, 
twice a member of the executive council, and for a number of years 
a representative to the Massachusetts legislature. He was very 
active in the establishment of the State Lunatic Hospital at Wor- 
cester, and always referred with much pleasure to the part which 
he had taken in its origin and success. He was the second presi- 
dent of Blackstone Bank, and held the office at the time of his 
death. He was a man of genial humor, rare hospitality, enlight- 
ened public spirit, and unbended integrity. His name and char- 
acter are held in grateful remembrance bv those who knew him 
best, and his children and his children's children still cherish them 
as a priceless legacy." 

George Spring Taft, the third of this lire-, was a graduate of 
Brown University ; a gentleman and a man of scholarly attain- 
ments. He succeeded to his father's profession of the law. His 
career, which was promising, was cut short at the age of 33, b 

Chloe, the youngest daughter oi the elder bazaleel, became tl"i 
wife of Joseph Thayer, Esq., now deceased, a well known lawye 
of Uxbridge, and was the mother both of t>e former, and of the 
present wife of Judge Henry Chapin, who has thus a double inter 
est in the Taft family, bv blood, and bv marriage. 


Hopestill Taft, daughter of the second Daniel, was married in 
1766 to David Bullard, and h^r descendants are numerous, and 
not undistinguished, residing in central New York. General Ed- 
ward F. Bullard formerly of Troy, but now of Saratoga, New York, 
and a prominent member of the New York bar, is one of her de- 


Just four years after Daniel began to pay the minister's tax, 
Joseph's name appears, in 1703. He is the first of the five broth- 
ers who bore a military title. He was sometimes called Joseph, 
senior, sometimes lieutenant or captain, to distinguish him from his 
nephew Joseph Taft, the oldest son of the first Thomas, born in 
1693, and thirteen years younger than his uncle Joseph, who heads 
the fourth division of the race. Joseph then, was born in 16S0, 
married in 170S, and died July 18, 1747, in the 68th year ofhis age. 
The name of his wife was Elizabeth Emerson, the grand-daughter 
of the first minister of Mendon, and they had nine children. 

His farm was on both sides of the Blackstone, though his resi- 
dence, and most of his "outlands" were west of the river. It was 
through the lands of Joseph, Robert and Benjamin, that the town 
of Mendon in 171 1, by vote, ordered the selectmen, "to lay out a 
four rod highway, from the highway that leads to John Cooke's 
farm, unto 'the bridge the Tafts built,' over the Great River, and 
from said bridge unto the town's common on the west side of said 
river." This road as laid by the committee, commenced upon the 
east side of West River, crossing both rivers, but crossing the 
Blackstone on "the Bridge the Tafts built," just below the mouth 
of the Mumford. 

Joseph bore his part in the general management of town affairs, 
both in Mendon and in Uxbridge. He seems to have been a man 
of an independent turn of mind. An illustration of that charcter- 
istic appears from the proceedings of the town of Mendon of May 
17, 1 72 1, before Uxbridge was cut off. The government had con- 
/ 7 


eluded to try the experiment of emitting bills of credit, to be 
loaned out among the people by the towns, the towns of course 
being responsible to the provincial government, for the money o 
redeem them. The people were generally pleased with the idea, 
and on the 17th of May, 1721, the town "voted to receive our 
town's part of ,£50,000 of bills of credit to be emitted by act of 
the General Court, and dispensed through the province." But 
Joseph resisted the project, and entered a protest, signed by Joseph 
Taft, senior, Benjamin Taft, and Joseph Taft, junior. The plan 
however, went into operation. But such was the general result as 
applied in the provinces, that seventy years afterward, when Ameri- 
can Independence had been achieved, and a convention was called 
to form a constitution, they put into the first article of that con- 
stitution, the prohibition, u A"o State shall emit bills of credit.' 1 '' 

At the next Town meeting of Mendon, it was voted, that, "to 
secure the town from loss by letting out the town's share of the 
bills of credit, a committee be appointed to add instructions." 
Joseph Taft was chosen chairman of that committee. He reported 
promptly the restrictions he deemed necessary, and whether the 
town escaped without loss, I have not learned. 

As I have stated already, when Uxbridge was taken from Men- 
don, the Tafts were divided, leaving Thomas, Daniel, Capt. Rob- 
ert, Capt. Eleazer and others in Mendon, and carrying away Rob- 
ert, junior, Capt. Joseph, Benjamin, Capt. Josiah, Capt. John and 
others, who came rapidly upon the stage. 

Notwithstanding this division, they seemed to be stronger in each 
town, than they were before in Mendon. The first thing that 
awakened special attention, after the election of officers in Ux- 
bridge, was the building of a church. It was voted, "to set the 
meeting-house on the south side of Drabbletail brook," but find- 
ing that this would not be convenient, that vote was recalled, and 
it was voted to set the meeting-house, within the fence of Deacon 
Ebenezer Reed's pasture, which I understand, included the site of 
the church now owned and occupied by the Unitarian Society. 



Captain Joseph was on the committee to see about building the 
meeting-house. But it was by the vote of the people in town 
meeting assembled, and not by an order of the committee, that 
"fifteen gallons of good rum "were provided for the raising of the 
meeting-house," which was but half the quantity that had been re- 
quired to raise the meeting-house in Mendon. 

I am satisfied, that Captain Joseph was strictly sober, and not 
inclined to the habitual use of rum or other intoxicating drinks. 
He was regarded as reliable in financial matters, and in matters of 
account. He was put on the committee to receive and invest the 
quota of bills of credit in Uxbridge, as he had been in Mendon. 
He also was made chairman of a committee to call Solomon Wood 
the treasurer, to an account. 

In 1732, the selectmen stood as follows : Cornet John Farnum ; 
Lieut. Joseph Taft ; Dea. Eb'r Read ; Capt. Jos. White ; Corpl. 
Jos. Taft. Robert Taft, surveyor of highways. It was generally 
about in that proportion ; and the proportion grew greater rather 
than less as time passed on ; for there came upon the sta e, beside 
those I have mentioned, Stephen, and Samuel, and John, and 
James, and Josiah, and Benjamin, and Peter, and Gideon, and 
Mijamin, and Moses, and Aaron, and Gershom, and Ephraim, and 
Caleb, and Reuben, and Abner, and Nahum, and Seth, and Paul, 
and Silas, and Jacob, and Noah, all of whom shared honorably in 
the government of this town of Uxbridge. These names recur so 
continuously on the record, as to become monotonous. 

The descendants of Joseph are widely scattered. They are 
outnumbered in Uxbridge, by the descendants of the second Rob- 
ert. But the homestead of Captain Joseph, the monumental farm, 
which he was the first to clear and improve, and where he spent 1 
his whole active life, and where he died, is held firmly by his great ; 
grandson, Zadock A. Taft, Esq., to whom the descendants of 
Joseph from abroad, owe many thanks for preserving it. 

The sons of Capt. Joseph were Moses, Peter, Joseph and Aaron. 
They each received from their father a good farm by deed of gift. 


They were industrious, prosperous farmers, and good citizens. The 
Hon. George W. Taft, the representative of Uxbridge in the last 
legislature of Massachusetts, is a descendant of Moses, and owns 
and occupies the farm which Moses received from his father, the 
first Joseph, by deed of May n, 1744. The descendants of Moses 
were p osperous, and many of them remained in Massachusetts. 

Peter also received from Joseph a farm lying about one mile west 
of that of Moses. Peter was a captain, and " is described as a 
large, good looking man, with a magnanimous disposition. He 
married Elizabeth Cheney. They had four sons, Henry, Gershom, 
Aaron and Peter. 

Henry moved to Barre, Vermont, where his descendants are 
numerous. Denison Taft, Esq., of Montpelier, is a worthy de- 
scendant of Henry. Also, Richard Taft, of Franconia, New Hamp- 
shire, proprietor of the Profile House in that place, whose enter- 
prise and ability have been crowned with distinguished success and 

Deacon Gershom resided in Uxbridge. He was a prosperous 
farmer, and universally respected. Doctor Jonathan Taft, the dis- 
tinguished Professor of Dental Surgery, of Cincinnati, — to whom 
also we are indebted for the publication of the Family Tree, is a 
descendant of Uncle Gershom. 

He was one of our deacons. But he was not a non-resistant. 
His name is on the rolls of the colonial troops, who served in the 
French and Indian war, and it is not to be doubted, that he fought, 
as well as he prayed. After his death, his house was taken down 
and brought some two miles to the neighborhood of Uxbridge Cen- 
tre, and put up again, where it now stands conspicuous, gable end 
to the street, large enough for a meeting house. He held fast to 
Uxbridge, but his descendants mostly emigrated to Vermont and 
elsewhere. One venerable descendant of Uncle Gershom still 
lives among the scenes of his childhood. I refer to Mr. Chandler 

Aaron Taft, the next younger brother of Gershom, fitted for, and 



entered Princeton College, of New Jersey. The exigencies of the 
family called him home before he had finished his college course, 
but not before he had established a good reputation as a scholar. 
He married Rhoda Rawson, of Uxbridge, in 1769, a descendant of 
Grindal Rawson. They had a family of eleven children, of whom 
nine grew up to maturity. After residing thirty years in Uxbridge, 
a large part of which time he was town clerk, having lost his prop- 
erty by indorsements for his friends, he moved with all his family 
to Vermont in 1799, and disappears forever from the home of his 
birth. He was a man of great intelligence and integrity. His 
affairs improved in the "New State," but a majority of his descend- 
ants have "gone West, and grown up with the country." 

Peter Rawson Taft, his oldest son, died in 1S67. I avail myself 
of a brief notice of his life and character, published in the Cin- 
cinnati Gazette on that occasion : 

"Peter Rawson Taft was born on the 14th of April, 17S5, in 
Uxbridge, Mass. At fourteen years of age he with his father's 
family, removed to the then new State of Vermont, and settled in 
the town of Townsend, Windham County. There he labored on 
his father's farm the greater portion of the time, improving how- 
ever, the advantages of such schools and academies as were ac- 

"Though a farmer, he was studious, and always fond of reading. 
As soon as of sufficient age, he was employed to teach the public 
school of Townsend, in the winter season. This employment con- 
tinued for several winters. He also made himself a skillful sur- 
veyor, and was extensively employed in that capacity. 

"At the age of twenty-five, he married Sylvia Howard of the 
same place," [a descendant of Samuel Hayward and Capt. Josiah 
Chapin, of Mendon,] "who has also deceased within the last year. 
They lived together fifty-six years. They had but one child, Al- 
phonso Taft, now one of the Judges of our Superior Court, with 
whom they have resided for the last twenty-five years. 

"But the active life of the deceased was mainly spent in Ver- 


mont. Though not educated for the bar, his reading included the 
law. He was early appointed to the office of Justice of the Peace. 
Without aspiring to high office, he was much in public life. He 
was chosen continually to the most important offices of the town ; 
was also one of the commissioners of the county. By annual elec- 
tions and reelections, he was many times a representative in the 
Vermont Legislature. He was admitted to the bar, and his opin- 
ion in legal matters was valued. 

"Four years, he was Judge of the Probate Court of Windham 
County, by election of the Legislature, after which, he was elected 
a Judge of the County Court, and held that office four years to the 
Universal acceptance of the people and the bar. He was regarded 
as\a just, humane, and wise man. 

"Books have been a great resource in his old age. His histor- 
ical knowledge was extensive and accurate ; and his familiarity 
with the Bible was remarkable. He has left to his friends and 
relatives who survive him and who knew him best, a sweet and 
precious memory. He died on New Year's day, aged eighty-two." 

But it is impossible to trace in this discourse, the varied desti- 
nies of the descendants of Joseph, distributed as they are through 
many States. Joseph has been represented in the legislatures of 
Massachusetts, of Vermont, of Michigan, of Iowa, and of Ohio 
while his home in Uxbridge is still held by his name and blood. 


The youngest son of Robert and Sarah, was called Benjamin. 
Benjamin married Sarah Thomas, March 22, 1707. Benjamin'? 
descendants have probably left the original hive in a larger pro- 
portion than the descendants of either of the other brothers, unless 
there should be an exception in the case of Joseph. Benjamin 
was undoubtedly born after Robert and Sarah moved to Mendon. 
Though younger than Joseph, he was. married a year or two earlier. 
He was a purchaser of lands ; owned a large quantity in different 
parts of the towu, and in Douglas. But his largest possessions were 


in the south-western part of Uxbridge, in the vicinity of Shockalog 
pond and brook. He followed the policy of his father and broth- 
ers, in settling on his children farms as soon as they were married 
and needed homes of their own, thus distributing a large part of 
his possessions, before his death. But after his death, he had 
more than twelve hundred acres of land to go to his heirs. He, 
like his brothers, was elected to town offices. But he seems to 
have been one who was absorbed in his family, and in home in- 
dustry. We are not so well advised as to the number of his 
descendants, as we are as to the descendants of the older brothers. 
It is hoped that this gathering will bring out many who may not 
have been generally known to the family. So far as I have been 
able to learn, the character of the descendants of Benjamin have 
been of the sterling kind ; not pretentious, nor ambitious politically, 
but uniformly sober, industrious, upright, enterprising in business, 
and generally thrifty. 

Stephen, a son of Seth, who was the son of Stephen, the second 
son of Benjamin, emigrated to Vermont about the year 1790, and 
was the first to build a dam across the Queechee River, in or near 
Woodstock, and established there a scythe factory. In 1792, his 
brother Daniel came up, then a boy of sixteen, and began to learn 
the trade of scythe making. In 1804, Daniel, then twenty-six 
years of age, and Seth, another brother, bought out Stephen and 
carried on the business till 1S11, when the shop was destroyed by 
fire, and Seth lost his life by an injury received at the fire. Daniel 
rebuilt the shop and enlarged the business far beyond the con- 
ceptions of his brother Stephen who commenced it. It has been 
a very important manufactory of agricultural cutlery. The family 
has greatly increased. Daniel was a man of solid character, which 
commanded universal confidence. He was honored by his fellow- 
citizens with places of public trust, and was sent to the State Legis- 
lature, as the representative of Woodstock. The works established 
by the Tafts created a prosperous town which is known as Tafts- 
ville. It is a post town of considerable importance. This was 


transplanting the same kind of enterprise to Vermont, to make 
available the water power of the Qaeechee River, which has since 
subjected the water power of the Blackstone, Mumford and West 
rivers to use, in old Uxbridge. There was an originality and 
steady perseverance in these descendants of Benjamin, which de- 
served the signal success, they have won. They have carried the 
name to Vermont and made it honorable, and they cannot be for- 
gotten when the family meets in its ancient home, to review its 

It is impossible to linger on all the meritorious characters which 
have been produced in the family of Benjamin. But I must be 
permitted to refer to the Hon. Levi B. Taft, of Michigan, who holds 
a high position on the bench of that State. Before his election to 
that position, he had been a lawyer of long and high standing. 
The exacting duties of his office prevent his sharing with us the 
pleasures of this occasion. Judge Levi B. Taft graduated at Dart- 
mouth College in 1843, and after a short experience in teaching, 
commenced the study, and in due time the practice of the law. 
His career has been successful and honorable. 

The number of college graduates descended from the first 
Robert Taft, is something more than forty. If I am not mistaken 
in my estimate of the character and condition of the race, at the 
present time, there is an increasing tendency to intellectual pur- 

I ought perhaps to add that the family has furnished the General 
Court of Massachusetts many representatives. Among them were, 

Of Mendon — Daniel Taft, son of the first Robert ; Capt. Robert 
Taft, son of the second Robert ; and Thomas Taft, the fourth in 
the line of Thomases. 

How many others of the name or blood in Mendon have served 
the State as legislators, I know not. 

Ok Uxbridge — Bazaleel Taft, senior, and Bazaleel Taft, junior, 
descendants of the first Daniel. Moses Taft and Jacob Taft, des- 
cendants of the second Robert. Charles A. Taft, a descendant of 


the first Thomas. Chandler Taft, descendant of Joseph ; and 
George W. Taft, descendant of both Robert and Joseph. 

Of North Bridgewater — Henry French, a descendant of 

The family has also furnished representatives for the legislatures 
of other States. But my knowledge of their names is limited. 
Among them have been : 

In Vermont — Peter Rawson Taft, a descendant of Joseph. 
Daniel Taft and Paschal Taft, descendants of Benjamin, and Rus- 
sel S. Taft, a descendant of Thomas. 

In Michigan — George W. Lovell, Enos Taft Lovell, Fayette 
Lovell, descendants of Joseph. 

In Iowa— George W. Lovell, a descendant of Joseph. 

In Ohio — Charles Phelps Taft, of Cincinnati, a descendant of 

I have thus, my friends, briefly sketched the history of our 
family, and its five original branches. Of the living generation, I 
have not attempted to say much. Time would not permit. This 
one day out of two hundred years, belongs mainly to our ancestors. 
They have been presented imperfectly, but so I hope, as to be 
appreciated by the willing minds of their descendants. And 
where are these our progenitors to-day, when we are endeavoring 
to bring them back to memory ? If spiritual existence is not a 
myth, and the immortal life for which we hope, a dream, they arc 
our ?nost interested spectators. Having rested from their earthly 
labors, they can now look down upon each generation of their des- 
cendants, with eyes undimmed by age or sorrow, and with affection 
untouched by corporeal infirmities. Can any one of their descend- 
ants, afford to ignore even the humblest of his ancestors, on whom 
his very existence has depended, and by whom his present condi- 
tion has been in part shaped ? Is it due respect to them, to limit 
our inquiries to the first, or the second generation, forgetting their 
predecessors, who were as indispensable to our being, as those we 
call by the endearing appellation of father ? In less than a cen- 


tury we shall all have finished our course on earth, and ourselves be 
observing the successive generations of our own descendants. 
Shall we be satisfied to be coldly remembered by the first, or the 
second generation only ? Or shall we not yearn to be remembered, 
if not by the descendants of others, at least, by those in whose 
veins our own blood continues to circulate ? 

The address was listened to with deep interest throughout. At 
its close, the band gave another selection, which was followed by a 
song, written by Rev. Carleton A. Staples, of Providence, and sung 
to the tune of "Auld Lang Syne," as follows : 

Two hundred yeais have come and gone, 

Since on the Mendon hills 
A vine was planted by the Pond, 

Whose fruit the laud now tills. 
We gather from our peaceful homes, 

I A great and happy throng, 

To bless the spot whereon it grew. 
And lift our grateful song. 

Our fathers here hewed down the woods 
, And broke the virgin soil ; 

Our mothers spun the flax and wool. 

And cheered them in their toil. 
The children here together played 

And learned their lessons well, 
While oft in pleasant paths they strayed, 

The tale of love to tell. 

Their homes were poor, their lot was hard : 

In toil and pain and tears, 
They lived and died lo serve their God, 

And bless the coming years. 
Green be their graves among the hills, 

Sweet be their rest on high ; 
While by these rocks and iields and rills, 

Their names shall never die. 

We greet eacli other here to-day, 

As friends and brothers all ; 
With earnest hearts these kinsmen say, 

"The Tafts shall never fall." 


Old Robert's stock is strong and sound, 

And while the water's run, 
This vine shall spread its roots around, 

And bud and blossom on! 

And when at length these earthly scenes 

Have vanished from our eyes, 
When all that now are gathered here, 

Have passed beyond the skies, — 
In that bright home where lov'd ones wait, 

And many mansions be, 
Our Father grant that we may dwell 

One happy family. 

The exercises in the church closed with the benediction, by Rev. 
Lovett Taft. 


The family assembled around the tables in the tent, at twenty 
minutes past two o'clock, and were called to order by the Presi- 
dent, Daniel W. Taft, of Uxbridge. Blessing was invoked by Rev. 
T. C. Biscoe, of Uxbridge. 

Hon. Henry Chapin, of Worcester, having been invited by the 
Committee of Arrangements to write a poem for the occasion, was 
introduced by the President, as follows : 

In canny Scotland, home of Robert Burns, 
To whose sweet songs the weary peasant turns 

To rest him for awhile, 
Each warlike clau, to song and music wed, 
Its own old minstrel to the manor bred, 

Beguiles with harp and rhyme. 

In Yankee land, in our poetic times, 
Another minstrel sings his tuneful rhymes 

In measui'es sweet and saft : 
And here to-day, brimful of musal fire. 
Our minstrel Chapin, tunes the trembling lyre 

To praise the name of Taft. 


In early days, old people say, 

A stranger in this town 
When going up the road one day. 

Met some one coming down. 
"Good morning, Mr. Taft!" said he; 

The fellow only laughed, 
And said, "Just how, explain to me, 

You know ray name is Taft." 
The stranger said, "Ive only met 

A dozen since I came, 
And all but one who've spoken yet, 

Have answered to the name ; 


Sajudging from a fact like this, 

I candidly confess 
I thought I could not hit amiss. 

And ventured on a guess. " 
We guess no more. This swelling tide 

Of kinsmen, old and young, 
Proclaims that we all hail with pride, 

The Taft from whom we sprung: 
Albeit now, some other claim 

May elsewhere rule our will, 
This day, whatever be our name, 

We're his descendants still. 
Why gathers here this festive throng, 

So happy and so gay? 
Why press the surging crowds along, 

On this warm summer day? 
Why greet us now the grave and stern, 

These eyes which shine like pearls? 
Why welcome us, where'er we turn, 

These grown up boys and girls ? 

The Puritans of former days 

Sailed o'er the stormy sea, 
To scatter on their busy ways 

The seeds which were to be 
The germs from which a race should spring, 

So nianly, true and brave, 
Their names through all the world should rin^ 

And rule on every wave. 
Avoiding much the lighter joys, 

While grappling with their sins, 
They loved a troop of boys and girls, 

And gloried in the twins ; 
And whether they could read or write, 

Stout hearted men like these 
Were full of theologic fight, 

And revelled in decrees. 
On mountain tops of thought they trod, 

And heard the thunders roar 
Beneath them, while they talked with God, 

And woi-shipped him the more ; 
They came into the wilderness, 

Where tempted day by day, 
They met the devil face to face, 

And drove the fiend away. 
They smote the Quakers hip and thigh, 

They bade the Baptists go ; 


Episcopacy, low or high, 

They didn't care to know ; 
They'd seen enough of other creeds, 

To make them prize their own; 
They felt it met their soul's best needs, 

To go it all alone. 
Yet, spite of all the narrowness. 

Which marked the early deeds, 
The loving elements which grace 

The men of different creeds, 
Have led the children to forget 

The battle fields of yore, 
And those who once as foemen met, 

Now meet as friends once more. 

Among a stern and gallant band, 

Our greatest grandsire came ; 
Upon his record here we stand, 

We love to speak his name, 
From valley, hill and plain are we 

All gathered like a flood, 
Drawn by the fond affinity 

Which thrills a kindred blood. 
We fancy now the face and form 

The sturdy veteran bore ; 
Alike in sunshine and in storm, 

The simple mien he wore; 
For calmness sat upon his brow, 

His heart was free from craft, 
No Puritan who broke his vow, 

Went by the name of Taft. 
Among these hills, with hardy toil, 

He worked his upward way, 
And helped to make the answering soil 

More fruitful every day ; 
He left to us a heritage, 

We fondly call our own, 
An honest life on every page, 

Where'er that life is known. 

He reverenced the Holy Book, 

And when the children came, 
The father uniformly took 

For each a Bible name; 
Proclaiming not his creed or sect, 

This simple fact we bring, 
'Tis always easy to detect 

The puritanic ring. 


His home was near the Nipmuck Lake, 

Where black bass now abound ; 
He never heard of one clam bake, 

In all the country round ; 
He had to keep a sharp look out, 

With Indians hovering near, 
When wolf and bear and catamount 

Were often travelling here. 
The boys were trained to honest work. 

The girls were learned to spin. 
Each was ashamed to be a shirk, 

Out of the house or in ; 
If they were living here and now, 

I wonder what they'd think. 

When hired servants milk the cow. 

And lead the horse to drink? 
When bonnets only touch the head, 

Held fast the Lord knows where, 
And the old fashioned feather bed, 

Is now a thing so rare ; 
When girls can hardly keep their breath. 

Without a screen or fan, 
And boys are frightened half to death 

At the mere sight of tan; 
When ''seance circles" oft are found 

With music in the air, 
And old guitars go floating round, 

Saluting every chair; 
When those were hanged as witches once. 

Who made no such display. 
As many a man not deemed a dunce, 

May witness any day; 
When comets fly, and no alarm 

Disturbs the busy mind, 
And in the shop or on the farm, 

We leave them all behind ; 
And though the earth doth overcast 

With shade the sun or moon. 
Each dark eclipse is quickly past, 

And light is shining soon ! 

Oh that some artist had the power. 

With magic skill and grace. 
To give us for one passing hour 

The scenery of this place, 
Before the hand of toil had made 

A change in grove and glen. 
Revealing now the forest shade 


Which veileil our fathers then. 
The flowing rivers gently ran 

Unheeded to the sea, 
Unruffled by the touch of man, 

And bird and fish were free ; 
No reservoir among the hills, 

Stored up the treacherous flood, 
To make the little gushing rills 

Like one dark field of cloud. 
The granite hillsides were not then 

All written o'er with lies, 
Whereon a set of vandal men 

Had learned to advertise, 
And pills and plasters, bores and quacks, 

Who flourish so to-day, 
Were quickly set to making tracks, 

Or helped along their way. 
The music was the simplest kiud, 

The melody of song. 
Not what the artists call refined. 

But somewhat over strong; 
Not as the lark at Heaven's gate sings, 

Serenely, sweet and clear, 
The harp, with just a thousand strings. 

Gave out its music here. 
Log cabins flourished in the land. 

While carpets were unknown, 
When cloth was mainly wrought by hand, 

And housewives made their own, 
And beans fulfilled their weekly vow 

As skillfully as men, 
Who pay their smooth addresses now, 

Though fellows courted then. 

How rare and curious to the mind, 

The story of an age, 
A century before we find 

A Worcester County stage; 
When saddles were but luxuries, 

With pillions made to lit, 
Whereon some loving he and his 

So cosily could sit. 
When none by coach, canal or rail, 

In comfort spent the day, 
But travellers through this wooded vale 

So slowly made their way, 
While Blackstone, with whose spreading fame. 


This valley now is full, 
Perambulated through the same. 

Transported by :i bull. 
The germ uf many a classic phrase 

Lies buried long ago, 
Far. far beyond our modern gaze. 

Too deep for us to know ; 
But scholars now who know so well 

Of Blaekstone's steed bovine, 
Are never troubled here to tell 

The meaning of "Bullgine." 

Through busy years the race of Taft, 

Like bees, brought home its store, 
Or like an unadventurous craft, 

Still hugged the nearest shore. 
Till moved by a divine command 

Forbidding them to stay, 
Some scattered widely through the land, 

And bravely made their way. 
Though here the roots are buried deep, 

Though here the trunk is strong, 
Yet far and wide the branches sweep 

And help this swelling throng, 
On which the father of the race 

From his blest home on high. 
May gaze with bright and smiling face 

And a benignant eye. 
They greet us from the Granite Hills 

And from the State of Maine, 
Vermont her loyal quota tills, 

In sunshine and in rain, 
New York, though large, does not forget. 

Nor Rhody, though she's small, 
Connecticut remembers yet, 

Ohio knows us all. 
We gather from the sunny land, 

And from the prairied west, 
This homestead seems as calm and bland 

As Araby the blest, 
And every rock, and vale and hill 

Which we have loved so long, 
Joins with each sweetly singing rill 

In this day's parting song. 



"Though often called to the bench, this family is never required to 
answer :it the bar." 

Responded to Hon. Alphonso Taft, of Cincinnati, Ohio : 

Mr. President, — Though surprised by this call to respond to the 
first toast, I thank you for the announcement in that toast, of a fact: 
which cannot be disputed. The Tafts have needed no advocate at 
the bar of any criminal court in our country. They have wasted 
none of the time, or money of the public, by offences requiring 
judicial investigations. But this day is far spent. I have had my 
share of it. There are many good speakers here present. Allow 
me to be silent, that their welcome voices may be heard. 

"As the Star of Empire westward takes its way, it is gratifying to 
know that the family name keeps pace with the Western Star." 

Responded to by Rev. Lovett Taft, of Columbus, Ohio : 

The sentiment to which I am called to respond, "Westward the 
Star of Empire takes its way," is of somewhat doubtful application 
to myself. I hail from the capital of Ohio, and there we count that 
the Star of Empire has gone so far beyond us that we are scarcely 
westward. Away on beyond the "Father of Waters,"' its brightness 
and glory* abides. 

But, seriously, the occasion that has called us together is one 
of deepest interest. I count one of the fortunate events of my life 
that I am permitted to be here to-day, to look into the faces of my 
kindred, few of whom I have ever seen before. So many ! what a 
privilege ! I was rejoiced when I learned that this meeting was in 

I was anticipating a Western tour for my summer vacation, but 
when I was authoritatively informed of this meeting, I immediately 
changed my plan, and said to my wife, "We will go East and be pres- 
ent at the Taft gathering ;" and here we are, glad and thankful. To 
see so many of my name is new to me. Tafts in Ohio, like angel's 
visits, are "few and far between." 

I was born and reared in Ohio, and so my wife ; we are natives of 
the soil. Her parents were the first joined in marriage in the city, 
after Columbus was located, in 1 812. 


My calling is that of a Methodist itinerant ; have been a member 
of the Ohio Annual Conference for 22 years ; have lived in various 
portions of the State, and bring to you greetings from a few Tafts in 
the central portions known to myself. Should we not derive some 
lessons from this occasion? We shall never meet again. This is 
the first and will be the last time we shall look upon each other as 
kinsfolk in the flesh. 

How easy is the transition from this scene, where one man's de- 
scendants are gathered a great host, to that grander scene, where 
all the descendants of Adam shall be gathered for final approval or 
condemnation. Now as then, success or failure is individual. 

He who has succeeded in the race of life now, or shall succeed, 
has done or will do so by his personal effort. No royalty of blood, 
however noble the ancestry, can supercede individual effort. Thus 
in the things of the spirit. 

He who gains the true riches, and honor that comes from God, 
must himself be a worker together with God. Personal effort is the 
key of success. 

Our Heavenly Father wills our happiness and offers to us the 
blessings of the life that now is and of that which is to come, upon 
condition of faithful improvement of opportunities. He has made 
the way plain to our eyes and possible to our feet, and whosoever 
will may so run as to obtain. 

How happy shall we be in that great gathering of the earthly 
family, if we are found of the number to whom the Father will say, 
"Well clone, good and faithful servant, thou hast been faithful over a 
few things. I will make thee ruler over many things. Fnter thou 
into the joys of thy Lord." Life's labor finished, life's great end 
accomplished, we shall come from the four quarters of the earth 
and sit down with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, in the kingdom of 
God, to go no more out forever. 

That we, who are related in the flesh and component parts of one 
great family on earth, may be also kindred in spirit and members of 
the household of faith, and family of God, heirs of God, and joint 
heirs with Christ, is the devout and earnest wish of your friend and 

"In politics and s:atp?manship, Lieut. Gov. R. S. Taft, of Burlington, 
Vt., will give us a lesson.' 1 

Responded to by Lieut. Gov. Taft : 

. G8 

Mr. President, and (knowing no better term to use) Cousins, — It 
has been said that one of the most important requisites for an after 
dinner speech is an empty stomach. I think it would be no easy 
task to convince those that sat at the table where I did, that I am 
in any condition to speak. I was hungry, for I was a long time 
coming ; for though but a day's journey from here, it has been over 
a week since I left home. My neighbors bothered me so with ques- 
tions that I wanted to leave. They noticed by the newspapers that 
there was to be a great gathering of Tafts in this State, and one 
pert young man wanted to know if it was going to be at Charles- 
town.* A week or two since, at Providence, the New England 
Reformed Men had a meeting, and some suggested that place as the 
one where I was going; and when the Associated Press put an "R" 
in the word Dunkard, and thus made a national convention of 
Drunkards, they said they knew that was the meeting I was going 
to. Another young man inquired if we were expecting a large 
gathering. I told him about a thousand, and he exclaimed, "I de- 
clare! what a chance to start a first-class lunatic asylum." Another 
one inquired where the meeting was to be, and I told him in Men- 
don, (up in Vermont we call every thing Mendon that ever was 
Mendon) and he wanted to know why the meeting was held 
there. I replied, of course, that, it was in that town that our grand- 
father Robert, the ancestor of us all, settled about the year 1670; 
he said, "what a fortunate thing it would have been for the United 
States, if King Philip had happened around Mendon about that 
year.'-' By this time I thought I had heard enough, and without pav- 
ing the greatest regard to the truth, I said to him that King Philip 
was here very often, that he and grandfather Robert were great 
cronies, that they hunted and fished together over all Southern Mas- 
sachusetts and Rhode Island, and that on the old homestead down 
here, there was preserved as a precious heir loom in the family, a 
powder horn that "Phil" gave our grandfather one day when out 
hunting, as a token of his great respect and esteem for the old gen- 
tleman ; and that the very spot where Phil pitched his wigwam 
when he came to visit grandfather, was still in existence on the 
banks of Taft's Pond, and if they did not believe it, that they could 
come down here and see the place itself. They said it must be so, 
and rather than hear any more of their talk, I left them. 

And I have come down here, not to talk about politics or states- 

*The location of the Mass. Statu Prison. 


mnnship,but for three things : Firstfor my dinner; and in that I have 
succeeded beyond my most sanguine expectations. Second, to visit 
the homes of my ancestors ; and yesterday I went to Mendon, and 
no true follower of Mahomet everapproached the shrines at Mecca 
with mure reverent and devout feelings, than I drew near the graves 
of four generations of my ancestors. I felt as though I was walk- 
ing upon holy ground. I was inclined to take off my shoes, and pre- 
sume I should have done so, but the blackberry briars by the side of 
the road caused me to forego what might have been a sad experiment. 
Third, I came to find out whether I was an Irishman or not ; and 
I suppose the Judge has told us all about that in the part of his ad- 
dress which for want of time he has not given us to-day. I am 
certain that even,' one present looks back with pride to our pro- 
genitor, to whom, two centuries since, these hills and valleys were 
familiar ground ; and our pride will not be lessened by those who 
tell us that when one points back to his ancestors and boasts of his 
origin that the best part of him is under the ground, nor by Ten- 
nyson, who says that "The grand old gardener and his wife smile 
at the claims of long descent." "Kind hearts are more than 
coronets and simple faith than Norman blood." Physiological facts 
assure us that kind hearts and simple faiths can be transmitted as 
well as the glittering tiara of the prince, or the life blood of a Nor- 
man noble. 

I know the Koran reads, "Whosoever hath ancestors will derive 
no advantage from them with God ;" but why may not religious 
tendencies, and generous impulses, and an upright character derived 
from one's ancestors, be credited to him in the heavenly books of the 
recording angel ! I therefore glory in the fact that the blood of 
Robert Taft runs in my veins, and am prouder of it to-day than I 
think the cavilers upon the subject are,to trace their pedigree directly 
back to Capt. Kidd, Benedict Arnold, Judas Iscariot, or the apes 
of the ingenious Darwin. If they prefer the latter, they are wel- 
come to their family tree. 

In my younger days I thought the whole family of Tafts were in 
my father's house, but one day I met a friend and he said to me, 
"There is a Taft girl at my house." I told him there were several at 
mine, "But," said he, "it isn't one of your sisters, she is a girl from 
abroad." So I went home with him, and to my utter astonishment I 
found a Taft that I never had seen or heard of before. So I knew 
there must be others beside my family ; that first stranger one I 


ever saw, is here to day. She sits right over there ('pointing at 
her); you might know she belonged to the Thomas branch by her 
good looks. Ah ! I fear I shall have to change that statement for, 
she is shaking her head at me as much as to say that she doesn't 
belong to that branch at all, but is a veritable descendant of uncle 
Daniel. The thought then occurred to me, where did we come 
from. I knew Taffe, as grandfather Robert's name was sometimes 
spelt, was an Irish name, and Taaffe a Scotch one. I looked on 
the map, and I found in Persia a city named Taft; and so possibly I 
thought we might be Persians, and perchance the Doctor (Jonathan 
of Cincinnati) may trace us back to Darius, or King Cyrus. I no- 
ticed that in Austria there was a Count Van Taft ; so it may be we 
are entitled to an Austrian origin. I knew my grandfather came 
from Mendon, and when I found in Savage's Genealogical Diction- 
ary that Robert Taffe lived in Mendon in 16S2, I thought he must 
have been the "Taft from whom we sprung." But while thus 
speculating, I met a friend who spoke several languages, whose 
father, Geo. P. Marsh, the present U.S. minister at Italy, I knew was 
one of the greatest linguists of modern times, and I asked him 
from what nation I came. He said, judging by the name, I was a 
Welshman. This satisfied me for the time, and until I ascertained 
that his authority in the matter was the melody of Mother Goose, 
that "Taffe was a YVelchman," "Taffe was" something else that it 
is not necessary for me to repeat. I stated to the young man that 
"I once heard a lawyer say that your father could lie in seventeen 
languages, but without any hesitation I affirm that you are an im- 
provement on the old man ; you are a chip of the old block." I then 
• gave up speculating and came down to learn what I could on the 
subject at this meeting. 

But a word for the Vermont Tafts. There may be some at this 
dinner that have an idea that we have no Tafts in Vermont, but it 
is not so ; for when you talk of large families, go up there and you 
will be astonished at the records in our family bibles. It takes a ream 
of foolscap occasionally to keep the records of a single family : for in- 
stance, there was Gideon Taft, born in Uxbridge, March 2nd, 1776, 
who went to Huntington, Vermont, in 1798 ; he literally, like Enoch 
of old, begat sons and daughters, for he had born unto him thirty 
children, the eldest, Lydia, on the 16th of October, 1794, when he 
was eighteen years of age, and the youngest, Ann S., in April, 1S4S, 
in his 73d year. As the Dutchman says, "how high is that ?" 

The Tafts commenced emigrating to Vermont about a century 
since, nearly as soon as any one did. 

•'They came to the St;ite when the town was new. 
When the lordly pine and the hemlock grew 

In the place where tin; Court House stands; 
When the stunted ash :ind the alder black, 
The slender fir and the tamarack 

Stood thick on the meadow lands." 

There are descendants of all the branches in the State, and of 
four of them in the place where I reside. I have found them liv- 
ing in every county in our State save Grand Isle, and Essex, the 
two having the smallest population, and I think that the fact that 
none of Uncle Robert's or Grandfather Thomas' descendants set- 
tled in the two counties sufficiently accounts for the paucity of their 

But I cannot close without the suggestion of our duty here to- 
day, of taking some steps to provide a suitable monument to mark 
the graves and dwelling place of our common parents, Robert and 
Sarah Taft. All that is required is a little organization, for I am 
confident that the sums necesssary can be raised at once by simply 
letting the family know what is wanted : and I suggest as a commit- 
tee the following names which have been handed me : 

Hon. Velorous Taft, Upton, Mass. ; Mr. Royal C. Taft, Pro- 
vidence, R. I. ; Mr. Moses Taft, Uxbridge, Mass. ; Hon. Henry 
Chapin, Worcester, Mass. ; Mr. P. W. Taft, Menton, Mass. 

And thanking you for your kind attention, I will simply say that 
when this family have another dinner, "may I be there to see." 

Note. — I have the names of twenty-five of the children of 
Gideon, and know some died unnamed, and I think five ; but I 
shall have the question of the exact number decided shortly. 

r. s. T. 

"Having heard from the bench and expecting soon to hear from the 
bar, we expect now to hear from the Clerk of the Court, as to the condi- 
tion of the Taft docket. 1 ' 

Responded to by Hon. Henry W. Taft, of Pittsfield, Mass. : 

Mr President,- — I am so conscious that there are very many here, 
far better fitted than I am, to entertain this audience, that I should 
fail to respond to your invitation, but that I do not wish to appear 

destitute of interest in this family gathering, or unwilling to con- 
tribute my share to the common fund. 

The circumstances of my life make this an occasion of especial 
interest to me. In my boyhood, my father and grandfather were the 
only men who bore the name of Taft, in the two contiguous towns 
which formed my world, while the Smiths, the Gunns,the Roots and 
Graveses,and Hubbards filled and possessed the land. I remember 
that I was troubled that there were so few of us, and feared that we 
belonged to some strange and worn out race, estray, it might be 
from some foreign fold, alien to the history and character of New 
England. But when I inquired into the matter, they told me there 
was no immediate prospect of the extinction of our family name ; 
that my great-grandfather had 22 children ; that his father had 18, 
and that far to the eastward there was a region, how dim and dis- 
tant it was to my youthful imagination, but glowing with oriental 
beauty, where dwelt a goodly and numerous offspring of the race 
from which we sprung, blessed with flocks and herds and an abund- 
ance of good things ; so numerous indeed were they,that over there 
in Uxbridge, every man was a Taft, or it was at least the name of 
his mother or his wife. Yet such has been the fortune of my after 
life, that up to yesterday, I could count upon my fingers, the names 
of all the Tafts I had ever seen, and to-day, I feel like one, who, 
after he has been kept out a great while, has been at last admitted 
within the family circle, and afforded an opportunity to become ac- 
quainted with his kindred. I am glad to meet you all. I knew 
not that I had among my cousins, so many "fair women and brave 
men." As I look upon these thousand faces, I feel that I shall 
bear myself more proudly hereafter, than I have been wont to do, 
because of my relationship to you. 

And now what can I say to you, beyond words of hearty con- 
gratulation and affectionate greeting. Isolated as 1 have been from 
the great body of our race, I have no anecdotes of family history 
to relate. I came here to learn and not to teach, and I have been 
instructed and delighted by the address to which we have listened, 
and which I am happy to be assured, is to be preserved in an en- 
during form. I heartily second the suggestions which have been 
made, that this gathering should result in the erection of a monu- 
mental structure, and the compilation of a family history. We are 
sadly neglectful of those who have gone before us. For about the 
space of two generations they live in our memories, and we pre- 


serve their monuments ; beyond this, for the most part, we are ig- 
norant of their characters and fortunes, often of their very names. 
This is unphilosophical as it is unfilial. There is abundant rea- 
son why we should preserve the memory of those to whom we owe 
our existence, — who subdued this land that it might be fit for us to 
dwell in — whose mental, moral and physical characteristics, trans- 
mitted to us in obedience to nature's law, contribute so largely, to 
make us what we are to-day. 

I fear after all we have said or may say, of self-gratulation and 
praise, which the occasion justifies, that in the estimation of the 
world, we are not a distinguished race. In this presence, I cannot 
forget the fact that we have worn the judicial ermine with ability 
and grace, and laid it down unstained ; that we have attained to 
gubernatorial honors ; that the poetry that is in our nature cannot 
be smothered under a foreign name ; that the Profile House and 
Point Shirley exist to testify to our success, when our philanthropy 
leads us to attempt to satisfy the cravings of the ''inner man." That 
many of us have not been seated in the high places of power, filling 
the public eye and the public thought, is due, I conceive, rather to 
a modesty which has restrained self-assertion, and to the accidents 
of our relations, than to any deficiency of moral or mental fibre. 

I can appreciate the honorable pride with which one may look 
back on a long line of illustrious ancestors. An alliance in blood, 
with men who have been eminent for their virtues and their talents 
— exponents and leaders of public opinion, famous in the council 
and in the held,- — is not a light or valueless thing to one who recog- 
nizes the increased responsibility of him who comes of an honored 
historic race, and knows that his reputation rests upon his own 
character alone. If we cannot boast that ours is such a race, all 
that I have seen or heard on this occasion, confirms me in the be- 
lief that we may justly claim a record of character and service, 
which in this republican land constitute a patent of true nobility. 

In a letter written as long ago as 183S, by the late Frederic Taft, 
Esq., of Uxbridge, then nearly four score, he thus sums up the 
family characteristics, as the result of his own observation, and the 
traditions of the past. I give his own quaint language : "The race 
"of Taft as a name has been remarkable for its habits of industry, 
"economy, morality and good Citizenship both in Church and State 
"affairs, as much so as any Name among us. It is very rare that a 
"Taft has been carried to the Poor-House, or been called before 

*- 7-1 

"authority on criminal acYions." I accept this characterization as 
true, on the word of one whom the oldest among you will remem- 
ber, I think, as a true Christian gentleman. I trust it may be as 
true to-day, as it was forty years ago. I ask for no better descent, 
no higher ancestral honors. If it be true, it shows that our race 
belongs to that class which has made New England and the nation 
possible, in all their past history and their probable future ; that 
material, out of which the massive foundations and solid superstruc- 
ture of our political and social fabric were builded. It was the 
patriotic endurance of this class, in and out of New England, which 
made us an independent nation; it was the fortitude, the courage, 
the unyielding devotion of this same class, which carried us through 
our late conflict, and saved the nation's life. The enlightened loy- 
alty of our people was more to us than the wisdom of our states- 
men, or the skill and valor of our commanders. Through the pos- 
session and exercise of these "habits of industry, economy and 
morality," this "good citizenship in church and state," our citizens 
have subdued the wilderness, founded new empires, and made the 
American name and American institutions famous throughout the 
world. And if this republic shall ever perish, if our institutions 
shall be essentially changed in their character, it will be because of 
the deterioration of what for want of a better term, may be called 
the great middle class of our people. So long as "this class remains, 
preserved by sound morals, by habits of industry and frugality from 
the degradation of poverty and vice— saved also in the good Provi- 
dence of God, from the perils and temptations of sudden, excessive 
wealth,— earnest, enlightened, conscientious in the assertion of their 
rights and the fulfillment of their duties, our future is secure. As a 
nation, we may have our periods of depression and disaster, but 
there is no difficulty which we shall not overcome, no peril which 
we shall not survive. If we are of and from this class, we may be 
proud of our lineage, proud of the share we have had in our coun- 
try's fortunes, though our common ancestor had no title to heraldic 
devices, no claim to gentle blood, and his foreign origin may be 
obscure or unknown. 

May this gathering, while it enlarges our acquaintance and 
strengthens the chain which binds us together, strengthen in us 
also, the earnest purpose to cherish the manly virtues which we 
believe are the possession of our race, and to fulfill with our best 
endeavor, all the social, moral and political duties which rest upon 


us. To you who have remained in the ancestral home, I desire to 
tender my grateful acknowledgment for the opportunity you have 
made for this pleasant and profitable re-union ; for your wise ar- 
rangements, your abounding hospitality. I am sure that those of 
us who are strangers here, if we have ever thought Uxbridge a 
good place to be born in and to move away from, are certain now, 
that it is a blessed place to come back to, and will go home with 
the resolve, if life is spared, to make it the shrine of many a future 

" As no family can be successful without spiritual aid and comfort, 
this family has joined unto itself an honored son of "Old Mother Men- 
don," wha-e counsels, if well followed, will lead us into the right way." 

Responded to by Rev. Carlton A. Staples, of Providence : 

He claimed to be half Staples and half Taft, and the Staples 
part of him felt rather small to-day, while the Taft part felt glori- 
ous. He pitied anybody who was not a Taft. He had felt some 
concern as to the birth of Robert, but finally came to the conclu- 
sion that he was a self-made man — that he had neither father nor 
mother. Hunting up family history seemed to him like traveling 
a western highway — first a carriage road, then a bridle-path, then a 
squirrel track, and then up a tree. He hoped, however, that in 
tracing out this family history, none of its members had been found 
"up a tree." 

Dr. R. M. Hatfield, of Philadelphia, was introduced by the Presi- 
dent, and delivered the following : 

My only right to be with you, and of you, to-day, rests on the fact 
that I had the good sense or the good fortune to marry one of the 
best of the Taft family. I took this step more than twenty-five 
years ago, when I was a young man, and have never repented of it 
since. I congratulate myself on being in Uxbridge to-day. Gath- 
erings such as this promote the sweet charities of life, and encour- 
age the virtues by which families and communities are built up and 
established. The orator of the day, to whom we are indebted for 
the able and interesting address to which we have just listened, told 
us that it was not " a weakness to appreciate the character and 
achievements of those who have preceded us, and to emulate their 
virtues." The appearance of the descendants of Robert Taft who 
are here assembled — and they are indeed a "multitudinous crowd" — 


is such as to encourage the hope that the family has not degener- 
ated. For two hundred years the Tafts have been distinguished by 
substantial virtues rather than by the eccentricities of genius. Hon- 
est and industrious, energetic and frugal, they have secured respect- 
ability and usefulness : and no wonder, for these are the qualities 
that win in the battle of life. I know not how it may be with oth- 
ers, but my appreciation of practical men, the honest hard workers 
who bring something to pass, grows year by year, as my knowledge 
of the world and of its needs increases. It is something to be a 
good dreamer, or an eloquent talker, but it is far better to be a 
faithful and successful worker. Should I take on airs on account 
of the good looks of the company I see before me, I should be like 
the fellow who boasted that "Betsey and he had killed the bear" ; 
but I am proud of my wife's relatives to-day. I do not remember 
ever to have seen so large a company of well-dressed people to- 
gether, with so few who have the appearance of being the slaves of 
fashion. I hardly see a young woman who disfigures herself by 
the idiotic style of wearing the hair — (bangingis the technical word 
that describes it, I think); and of the young men, there are few 
who have perfected themselves in the art of parting their hair in 
the middle. Straws show which way the wind blows, and little 
things are often reliable indications of character. Many of us are 
surprised at the size of the present gathering, but we need not be ; 
for the Tafts have been a prolific race from the first. And this is 
to be recognized as an honor to them and a blessing to the world. 
" Children are a heritage from the Lord. Happy is the man that 
hath his quiver full of them ; they shall not be ashamed, but they 
shall speak with the enemies in the gate." Few of the signs of the 
times are more alarming than the statistical facts with regard to the 
small number of children now found in American families, especi- 
ally in families that belong to what are known as the upper classes 
in society. I cannot, of course, go into a discussion of this ques- 
tion at present, and before a promiscuous audience. But let me 
say one thing in passing, and I would like to say it in the most seri- 
ous and emphatic manner : The condition of any country is de- 
plorable indeed when its intelligent women depreciate the honors 
of maternity, and undervalue the duties of domestic life. Whatever 
other spheres of activity and usefulness a woman may find, there is 
for her no place like home. The abominable French idea that one 
or two children may be very well, but that a large family is unde- 

i i 

sirable, threatens to undermine the foundations of ail virtue in our 
country, and to prove our ruin as a people. Among all the bene- 
factors o( our race, there is no one for whom I feel a profounder 
respect than for the woman who is the mother of a large family of 
children, all of whom she trains to lives of honor and usefulness. 
The work is one that requires better qualities of head and heart 
than would suffice to make a respectable President of the United 
States. There has been no lack of good old-fashioned families 
among the Tafts. The five sons of Robert Taft had forty-five 
children among them, an average of nine for each family. Judge 
Taft told us this morning of a venerable lady who had borne fifteen 
children; and of Samuel Taft, of Uxbridge, who had twenty-two 
children, most of whom lived to mature years, and were married. 
I thought that was doing pretty well ; but now Gov. Taft comes 
along and reports a family in Vermont of thirty children, the last 
one of whom was born when the father was seventy-four years of 
age. But enough on this subject. The Tafts have not been un- 
mindful of the divine command given first to Adam and Eve, and 
afterwards repeated to Noah and his sons : " Be fruitful and multi- 
ply, and replenish the earth." May their descendants prove them- 
selves worthy of such ancestors. 

We are reminded to-day of our indebtedness, and the indebted- 
ness of our whole country, to the old Puritan spirit and influence. 
It is fashionable now in certain quarters to disparage these old 
Puritans, and to speak in contemptuous terms of their narrowness 
and bigotry. Undoubtedly they had their faults, but the men who 
now abuse them are not worthy to unloose the latchets of their 
shoes. They were honest, earnest and stout-hearted men, who 
lived for a purpose, and left an inheritance to their children's chil- 
dren. They had few books, and little time for the culture that is 
found in schools; but they "trod the mountain-tops of thought," 
and grew strong in communion with God. The Bible, the immor- 
tal dream of the more than half-inspired tinker of Bradford Jail, 
with a few standard theological works, constituted their libraries. 
But they found in these books the seeds of thought, and as they 
drove their teams afield, felled the forest, and planted and gath- 
ered their crops, they discussed questions of 

" Fixed f:ite, free will, fore-knowledge absolute," 
in a manner that would, I am afraid, cause grievous headaches 
among many of the theological students of our clay. " Old fogies" 


undoubtedly they were, in the vernacular of young America, and 
unblessed by many of our modern improvements. They had no 
daily newspaper, with its disgusting records of vice and crime. 
These Puritan fathers must have been greatly wanting in the "gen- 
eral intelligence," of which we now hear so much. Every change 
in society is not an improvement, and it may be questioned whether 
much of the information that is derived from the daily papers is not 
a curse, rather than a blessing. The Paul Prys of the press ferret 
out every scandal in private life, publish and gloat over and 
magnify it, until it becomes a nuisance in every- family. Horse- 
races and dog-fights are reported with a pains-taking accuracy, that 
enables all the bar-tenders and stable-boys to keep themselves fully- 
posted with regard to the performances of the most noted blood- 
horses and bull-dogs in the country. The records of indecent and 
unnatural crimes are full, and are written with an abandon that 
makes them a perpetual fountain of pollution. Our forefathers, 
and our foremothers, too, were fain to get along as best they could 
without these advantages. And they not only lived in respeclability 
and comfort, but they reared families that have, under God, been 
the builders of this nation. I have seen something of our coun- 
try, all the way from the coast where the Pilgrims landed, to the 
shores of the Pacific. And you may take me, blindfolded, into any 
town or city between Boston or San Francisco, and I will undertake 
to tell almost at a glance, when the bandage is removed from my 
eyes, whether the Puritan element is dominant in the place. The 
condition of churches and school houses, the appearance of the 
people and of their homes, tell the stoiy at once. If "glory is to 
dwell in our land." and our country is to continue united and pros- 
perous, we must hold fast to the Puritan Sabbath, the Puritan Bible, 
and be true to the God of our fathers. This cannot be done with- 
out intelligence and piety in the family, such as are found only 
where the wives and mothers are intelligent Christians. 

Thanking the friends who arranged for this pleasant gathering, I 
close with the prayer of the Psalmist, " That our sons may be as 
plants grown up in their youth, and that our daughters may be as 
corner stones polished after similitude of a palace." 

"The educators of our country arc entitled to the front rank in the 
march of progress, and it is with commendable pride that we introduce 
as one of the best, Professor S. II. Taft, President of Humboldt College, 
Iowa. 11 


Responded to by Prof. Taft : 

Mr. Chairman and Kindred, — It is not difficult to conceive of 
circumstances where it would b^ both profitable and pleasant, in 
responding to the sentiment just read, to speak at length of the high 
mission and measureless influence of a true educator of the youth 
of our land. But this is not such an occasion, and I accept the 
sentiment with which my name is so pleasantly associated by the 
master of ceremonies, as being presented in this conncleion simply 
to introduce me to this large family of Tafts, as one among many 
others whose chief attention is being devoted to the cause of 
Christian education. Agreeing, therefore, with our distinguished 
representative, Judge Taft, of Cincinnati, that you would rather 
hear of our family affairs, to-day, than of other subjects, I will speak 
as seems to me fitting on this interesting occasion, which is essen- 
tially the bi-centennial celebration of the planting of our family 
tree in the New World. To me it is an occasion of very deep in- 
terest. We have been drawn together, not by the bonds of old- 
time friendships — for we are met for the first time — but by those of 
relationship. This is not so much a re-union as a first union of 
those of kindred blood, coming from different directions, and some 
from a great distance, to meet and commune where lived and died 
our ancestors, many generations ago. While there may be too 
much account made of birth and blood, and name, there may also 
be too little account made of these. The ties of consanguinity are 
of nature's giving, of God's appointment, and were designed not 
only to yield innocent enjoyment, but also to conduce to healthful 
social progress and moral growth. There are stages of develop- 
ment (or states of moral debauchery rather) in the history of so- 
ciety, where such a gathering as this might prove a curse instead 
of a blessing, by being so devoted as to dim the moral and spiritual 
vision of its members. But not such will be the fruits gathered 
from this meeting ; for I am sure that we shall each desire to give 
and receive of our best, in thought and character. Thus doing, 
we shall part on a higher plain than we met upon, and so shed 
upon each other's future pathway the light of a virtuous friendship. 
Not only shall we make acquaintance with each other, but we 
shall learn of our ancestry, what many of us could not have known 
by any other means, and perhaps aid our relative of Ohio to round 
out and perfect his family tree. By many, such knowledge is greatly 


In illustration of this, permit me to read from a letter just received 
from my eldest son, written after learning of this intended meeting. 
He says : " I have just seen the circular relative to the meeting of 
the descendants of Rubert Taft, to be held on the 12th. I very 
much hope (in fact I have no doubt) you will be there. It seems 
to me that if I was a man, and was able, I would not miss being 
there for a great deal." ( I would remark, by the way, that although 
he speaks of himself as being a boy, he is considerably taller than 
I am, and has just closed a very successful term of teaching in the 
upper department of our village school. I He proceeds to say : 
" I suppose you will there be able to learn more regarding the fam- 
ilv tree than you have ever had opportunity to learn before, or may 
ever have again. You know I have considerable curiosity to rind 
out all I can in that direction, and I hope you will be able to tell 
me a great deal that I may commit to writing, when you return 

There are, doubtless, many others, not here to-day, not less inter- 
ested in this meeting than the one from whose letter I have read. 

In reporting to this meeting regarding the Tafts of whom I have 
knowledge, I have to say that they are industrious, frugal, worthy 
citizens, and were all loyal to the government during our late Civil 
war. In religion they are Protestants of the Protestants, not only 
denying the religious authority of the Pope, but also denying the 
authority of any ecclesiastical body to legislate for the individual, 
in matters of belief, faith or conscience. 

My genealogical report will be very brief, for the reason that my 
knowledge of the ancestral line is limited. I remember that Nasby 
once commenced a lecture in Boston, by gravely saying : " Ladies 
and Gentlemen, — We are all descended from — we are all descended 
from — grand-parents." Well, I had learned that much, and was 
quite certain that the line extended much further back. If I had 
heretofore entertained any doubts on that point, what I see and 
enjoy to-day would altogether remove them. My grandfather, 
Nathaniel Taft, settled in Richmond, N. H., in the latter part of the 
eighteenth century, where he resided until his death. He had a 
number of children. Among the names they bore were David, 
Daniel, Nathaniel, Rufus and Stephen, the last named being my 
father. His mother was grandfather's second wife. My father 
and his brother David left New Hampshire and settled in Richfield, 
Otsego County, N. Y., in the early part of this century, whence my 


father soon»moved a hundred miles further west, into Oswego 
County, N. Y. Uncle David had a number of sons, two of whom, 
Ferdinand and Nathaniel, also moved into Oswego County. 

My father married a Miss Vienna Harris, whose father, Stephen 
Harris, lived and died in Richmond, New Hampshire. My parents 
had seven children, who lived to years of maturity — four girls and 
three boys — all but one of whom are still living. One of my 
brothers, Jerome B. Taft, whose name appears in the history of 
Kansas as one of its earlier settlers, died in the autumn of 1S63. 

In 1S53 I married a Miss Mary A. Burnham, of Madison County, 
N. Y.,and, in the spring of 1863, went West with a colony of over 
forty persons, and settled upon a tract of land in the Des Moines 
Valley, which I purchased of the State of Iowa. Here I have 
since been at work building up a town and establishing am institu- 
tion of learning. We have had six children, five of whom are still 
living ■ namely, four sons and one daughter. My brother who is 
living, Lorenzo P. Taft, has a family of four daughters and one son, 
and the brother who died left one son, Wendell Phillips Taft. My 
four sisters are married, and all have families. 

I trust I shall be pardoned, Mr. Chairman, if in this connection 
I speak of some incidents in my own history, which, under ordinary 
circumstances, would hardly be admissible, but which the present 
occasion seems to warrant. We learn from the admirable historic 
address to which we listened this morning, that our great progenitor, 
Robert Taft, was an active participant in a colony enterprise, in 
connection with which he bought and sold much land, built bridges, 
made roads, and bore other burdens incident to a pioneer life. 

It seems that ail unbeknown to myself, I have in the order of 
divine providence been repeating the history of our family in the 
line of colony work, much the same as was being enacted here two 
hundred years ago ; for as already remarked. I took with me to the 
distant west a company of friends, bought a large tract of wild land, 
and entered upon the work of building up society, in the course of 
which it fell my lot to open up roads, construct bridges, build mills, 
and dispose of numerous pieces of real estate. The county records 
show that I have sold over eighty farms and more than three hun- 
dred pieces of town property, since commencing this colony enter- 
prise. This work has not been all sunshine and prosperity, but in- 
stead, want of means with which to do, losses by floods, severe 
trial, exposure and sickness, have dimmed the light of many a day. 
1 1 


But at no time have I been bereft of that hope and strength, which 
comes of an assurance that I was doing the work to which I had 
been appointed of God. The burden would have been lighter, 
could I have known, as I now do, that like and severer exposure 
had been the lot of our great progenitor, whose memory we so sa- 
credly cherish to-day. 

The family history which I have given, taken in connection with 
the numerous descendants of Robert Taft here assembled, who 
represent a still larger number not here, warrants us in congratulat- 
ing ourselves that our family does not belong to the number which 
are running out because of their self-imposed sterility. That this 
is true of many families, is painfully evident. On this subject an 
able scholar and careful observer, Dr. Nathan Allen, of Lowell, 
said in an address delivered in June last, before the Mass. Medical 
Society : ' : It is safe, we believe, to state that the average number 
of children to each marriage has diminished nearly one-half since 
the present century commenced." And he further adds : '"If this 
decrease is continued another hundred years in the same proportion 
as in the past, it will, in all probability, remove them [the old New 
England stock,] from the stage. Their record will exist only in 
history. Here, in this quiet, gradual decline of population, is one 
of the gravest problems of this age." 

Well, Mr. Chairman, that impeachment does not apply to the 
Taft family ; and I am glad of it. Am I told that little or no credit 
is due the male line, in which the name descends, since the moth- 
ers generally bore other names ? I answer that the large number 
here present bearing other names than Taft, but in whose veins 
flow the blood of our common ancestor, maintains the reputation of 
our family for vigor. And then I submit to you, Mr. Chairman, 
whether it is not creditable to our side of the house that we have 
been able to select and possess ourselves of such good and noble 
wives. And now, lest I be misunderstood. I desire to say a word 
to the husbands present ; and I hope those absent, as also hus- 
bands^/ to be, may hear of what I say. Of course I don't want 
anybody but the family to hear, as it is altogether a family matter 
of which I speak. Among the functions with which God has en- 
dowed husband and wife, there is none higher or holier than 
that of reproduction. By its exercise the earth and the heavens are 
peopled. Surely a partnership from which is to be derived such 
priceless dividends, ou<?;ht to be one of stridt fidelity and abiding 


peace. And now that the family tree has taken such deep root, 
and spread so widely its brandies, may we not properly in the fu- 
ture give even more thought than in the past, to the quality of the 
fruit which it shall bear ? Husbands ought not to require of their 
wives to go too frequently down to the gateway of death, whence 
they bring back our household treasures, but be careful that con- 
senting harmony obtains in all the relations of weded life. Then 
and only then can be attained the felicity of which Emerson sings : 

"From the pair is nothing hidden: 
To the twain is naught forbidden; 
Hand in hand the comrades go, 
Every nook of nature through; 
Each for ot her were they born : 
Each the other best adorn." 

I will add but a few words more. The growth of our family tree 
has been hopefully vigorous, and promises well for the future. We 
need not concern ourselves to settle the question as to whether we 
originally ascended from the lower forms of animal life, or have de- 
scended from a state of angelic perfection ; for if from the former, 
then have we made noble progress upward ; and if from the latter, 
the evidences warrant us in believing that we are making our way 
home again. Let us remember that there is given to mankind a 
surplus of vital force beyond what is necessary for the performance 
of the ordinary functions of life, and that the use made of this sur- 
plussage determines the destiny of individuals, families and nations. 
If devoted to self discipline in knowledge and virtue, so as to find 
expression in noble acts and high aims, then does its possessor 
walk the pathway of the just, which grows brighter and brighter to 
the perfect day ; but if devoted to selfish ends and merely animal 
pleasures, then does it lead down to moral corruption and spiritual 
death. May it be ours, to come into such harmony with the divine 
order, and such virtuous relationship with each other, that the spir- 
itual breezes of heaven, as they breathe through the branches of 
the family tree, may make still sweeter music in the future than in 
the past, and thus make glad the hearts of men and angels. 
I offer in conclusion the following sentiment : 

Our Family Tree— Removed from old England, two hundred years 
ago, and planted at no great distance from Plymouth Rock : May it 
continue to gather strength and beauty from each succeeding century, 
and yield such fruits of vigorous, virtuous man and womanhood, that 
the approbation of the good and the. favor of heaven may ever rest upon 
it, causing it to extend its roots and multiply its branches through all 
coming time. 


Dr. Jonathan Taft, editor of a professional journal in Cincinnati, 
was called upon to respond to this sentiment, and did so in an elo- 
quent manner, as follows : 

Friends and Kindred, — From this day and occasion will arise a 
growing interest in our ancestry ; we will desire to know more 
than hitherto of those who have gone before us, those from whom 
we have received a precious inheritance. 

Until within comparatively a recent period, scarcely any attention 
has been given, so far as I am aware, to the genealogy of the Taft 
family. The reason for this may not be very clear ; it may be sug- 
gested, however, that the motives that have moved other families 
to this line of investigation, have not been looked upon with favor 
by our own people, or it may be, that being a quiet, unostentatious 
and ease-loving people, with a desire to avoid prominence or special 
notoriety, they have been content to pursue the even tenor of their 
way, without much thought or knowledge of those who had gone 
before. For the first active efforts in developing the genealogy of 
the Taft family, we are indebted to the late Peter R. Taft, of Cin- 
cinnati, the venerable father of our orator of this occasion, Judge 
Alphonso Taft. His attention was directed to this work many 
years ago ; it is one in which he took much interest. He had a 
great desire that the work should be perfected as far as possible, 
and in the work of this day we have evidence that his mantle has 
fallen to a large extent upon his son. 

The study of genealogy is exceedingly interesting ; it gives a 
clear insight into things that would otherwise escape attention. It 
tends to give a broader and more expansive view of our common 
humanity. Its pursuits should not, and indeed cannot have for its 
object the elevation of one family or name above others, nor for the 
purpose of making invidious comparisons ; nor is it worth the pur- 
suit for mere pecuniary consideration. Occasional instances have 
occurred in which there was promise and hope in this direction ; 
the realization from such sources, however, have been so rare that 
they fail to pro luce effect upon any intelligent minds. I have nev- 
er heard a suggestion that there was a possibility of anything of the 
kind in store for the Taft family or any branch of it. 

Nor is genealogy worth the pursuit for the maintainance of some 
supposed social or class superiority, for upon close inspection it 
will be found that nature has, upon the whole, not been partial in 


the bestowal of her gifts upon mankind. It is impossible for any 
in this age to establish or maintain special caste, or class, based 
upon family or upon those who have gone before. In this country 
hereditary and arbitrary class lines have disappeared, and are fast 
fading away throughout the world. 

But it is interesting and instructive to make a retrospective exam- 
ination of the generations of our lineage as far in the past as possi- 
ble, that we may recognize, properly appreciate and improve whatever 
of distinctive and to us common inheritance we may have received 
from our ancestors. Hereditary traits, characteristics, and qualities 
of goodness, are of far more importance and value than those tem- 
porary outcroppings of character evolving striking examples of either 
physical, mental or moral greatness. 

As we study the history of an individual, with a view of ascer- 
taining what he was, — his circumstances and surroundings, his re- 
sources and his influence, what he accomplished and the elements 
of success,— so may we study races and families. In our own fam- 
ily not much has been done in a genealogical direction, and less 
has been done in biographical and historical' elaboration. Doubt- 
less much of the latter that would be valuable and interesting, has 
with the roll of years passed beyond our reach ; but let us hasten 
to gather and put upon record that which remains, that those of the 
future may stand in closer proximity to us than it is possible for us 
to stand with those who have gone before us. For what we are 
able to gather of a historical nature, together with the inheritance 
of physical, mental and moral endowments from our ancestors, we 
should be truly grateful. 

In the history of our family I know of very little indeed of a 
prejudicial character, scarcely anything to cast a stain upon the 
name. Our ancestors have not transmitted to us a record blurred 
over with deeds of crime and disgrace ; the record comes to 
us with as clear a page as that of the best families of our country. 
How far the present generation will preserve. this record clear, re- 
mains for us to decide; may that which is written of us be as free 
from taint as that which comes from them to us. Physically we 
have received from them a grand inheritance ; by this I do not 
mean that we are as the giants of old, nor that we outlive all other 
people, but observation warrants me in the assertion that our peo- 
ple have a remarkable freedom from many of those disabilities and 
predispositions that attach in a marked degree to a very large pro- 


portion of the human family. Our ancestors doubtless possessed 
a physical endowment equaled by few and surpassed by none. 
The record of their longevity and extent of their families bear am- 
ple testimony to the truth of this statement. A large number lived 
from 70 to 90 years, and many families numbered from fifteen to 
thirty children. 

The present generation of our family will exhibit a freedom from 
taint and hereditary predisposition to diseases, that is very rare in- 
deed. In many families the seeds of disease are transmitted from 
generation to generation, as a never failing inheritance, producing 
untold suffering, both physical and mental. And thus it is that 
many families maintain an existence only by a ceaseless battle with 
these inherited disabilities ; and many families, and even races, 
have become extinct. We should be happy and grateful that such 
is not our inheritance. Very rare indeed have been the in- 
stances in which undue appetite and passion have held domina- 
tion over any of our name and kindred. The common vices, the 
indulgence and practice of which destroy, have not been inherited 
nor practiced, neither by our ancestors nor by those of the present 
generation, as they unfortunately have been by many others. 

Since we have received so noble and precious an inheritance, let 
it be transmitted to those who come after us, as pure and untar- 
nished as we have received it ; and let our lineage become purer 
and stronger in its onward course, through the generations to come, 
till it shall stand disenthralled and redeemed from disease, suffering 
and prematue dissolution, and death come only as that transition 
by which we shall pass from this life to one of grander and higher 

Dr. Taft was followed by Prof. W. O. Perkins, of Boston, who 
spoke as follows : 

Friends, Relatives, — I consider myself most fortunate in having 
been honored with an invitation to be present and participate in 
the festivities of this occasion. Although I do not bear the family 
name, I am proud to say that the blood of Robert Taft runs in my 
veins. In the countries of the old world, people pride themselves 
upon their ancestry, and the distance into the past to which they 
can trace their family name. In some countries the oldest son in- 
herits the property and title, if any, and the family history is kept 
unbroken in many cases for centuries. When the American colo- 


nies were fighting for independence, a young Norman sprout, from 
France, had the impudence to write a letter to Gen. Washington, 
wherein he offered himself as a candidate for king in No. America; 
and the principal argument that he presented in his own favor, was 
that he could trace his family name farther back than William the 

In this country of democratic ideas, instead of worshiping our 
ancestors as the Chinese are said to do, we are apt to forget from 
whom we are descended. The excessive activity, both of brain 
and muscle, the constant removal from the East to the West, the 
vast amount of territory of which the country is composed, and the 
almost endless variety of pursuits open to all, conspire to separate 
families, and in a few years all except the nearest relatives are lost 
sight of. Many persons do not know who their great-grandfather 
was, and have either forgotten or never knew tlteir grandfather, and 
they never seem to have the remotest idea that their relationship 
extends beyond the limits of their own immediate family, or uncles, 
aunts and cousins of the first degree. 

Now and then a rumor is set afloat by some hungry lawyer or 
pretended fortune-teller, that an estate of several million pounds 
sterling is stowed away somewhere in old England ready to be dis- 
tributed among the Johnson or Brown families in America. Then 
there is a .flood of correspondence from the Johnsons or Browns 
from all over the country. But the expectation of becoming sud- 
denly rich usually ends in learning something of their ancesty and 
the whereabouts of many of their numerous namesakes. 

Probably there is a large fortune somewhere ready for the Taft 
family, and as soon as it can be ascertained whether our primogen- 
itor was an Englishman or Welshman, a Scotchman or an Irish- 
man, I shall expect to meet you all in Uxbridge, to receive our 
share of the inheritance. 

In countries like England, where society is made up of strata of 
caste or class, the children are expected to move in the same class 
and follow the same occupation as their parents. If a man blacks 
boots, probably his progenitor of one thousand years ago was a 
boot black ; if his ancestor was a Lord, he retains the same title 
although a blockhead. But in this country every occupation and 
profession is open alike to all. The highest honors may fall upon 
the head of a rail-splitter. A tanner becomes General of the Army 
and President of the Republic. Although our honored ancestor 

was a carpenter and a farmer, I observe before me, among his pos- 
terity, those who have become eminent in nearly all the learned 
professions, in various business pursuits, and who occupy positions 
of public trust with credit. Sound common sense, integrity of pur- 
pose and unflinching perseverance, appear to be prominent traits 
of the family; and, in view of these characteristics, the tendency 
to long life and to rear large families, which indicate vigorous con- 
stitutions, I am of the opinion that the Taft family is a rising one. 

On the Taft side I am of the tribe of Benjamin, the fifth son of 
Robert — the seventh generation. Seth, grandson of Benjamin, 
had nine children ; viz : Prudence, Rhoda, Naomi, Stephen, Han- 
nah, Benjamin, Seth, Jr., Daniel, and Henry. In 1790, Stephen, 
with his sister Prudence, went from Mendon to Woodstock, Vt., 
and settled in the place now called Taftsville. The other brothers 
and sister's, except Henry, soon followed, married, and settled in 
the vicinity. I do not propose to give you a history of this branch 
of the family, or pronounce a eulogy upon any of its members ; but 
I will speak briefly of some of the incidents connected with their 
settlement in this, then, new country. 

Some years ago, in Ohio, I saw a tree of the Taft family. Seth 
was represented on a short stump from the branch of Stephen, cut 
short oft" as though he had died without children. But I assure you 
that this was by no means the case with Seth or his children, or his 
children's children. With the fear of God before their eyes, they 
gave heed to the injunction to go forth and multiply and replenish 
the earth. The country was new and covered with trees, and if 
they could do little else at first, they could do as Ethan Allen told 
the British Admiral the Vermonters did when asked what they 
could raise. "We build school-houses and raise men, sir." These 
pioneers were men and women of sterling, upright character, and 
their influence was felt in the community and upon all with 
whom they came in contact. Stephen built the first dam across 
Quechee river, on one side of which he erected a saw-mill, and on- 
the other a shop for the manufacture of scythes and other edged 
tools. Daniel in due time succeeded to the business, and by his 
skill and industry made the "Taft scythes and axes" famous. But 
Judge Taft, in his admirable address, has made so fitting a reference 
to this part of my subject that little more need be said. Daniel 
was the representative men of this branch of the family. He had 
a fine personal appearance, quite tall and rather portly. He was 

possessed of a most pleasant and genial disposition, was skillful 
and industrious in his business, and so honest that his word was as 
good as a draft on the bank, or the records of the town clerk. 
Whatever "Uncle Daniel" said was taken for law and gospel. 
Neither Daniel or his brothers took a very active part in politics, 
but Daniel was for many years a justice of the peace, and repre- 
sented his town in the State legislature. Daniel had three sons : 
Daniel, Jr., Owen, and Paschal P. When the sons arrived at ma- 
jority, the firm of "D. Taft & Sons" was formed, the business en- 
larged, and a foundry and machine-shop added. The sons have 
occupied positions of trust in state and town matters, and continue 
to do so, except Owen, who died in 1S60. Daniel died in 1S57, 
aged 79. 

The children' of Seth, Jr., removed from the locality, and I have 
not been able to learn where they are. 

The sisters all raised large families, who with their children and 
children's children are mostly living in the vicinity. My grand- 
mother, Hannah Taft Perkins, lived to see sixty two grandchildren 
and seven great grandchildren. She died in 1S62, at the age of 91 
years and 6 months, and the other sisters lived to the ages of 94, 
88, and 84. Several of the grandchildren of Hannah have risen to 
distinction. Mr. Edward Vaughan, a successful lawyer, is Ameri- 
can Consul at Coaticook, Canada. Mr. H. S. Perkins, of Chicago, 
is well known as a musical author. *Mr. J. E. Perkins has won a 
worldwide reputation as a vocal artist, and occupies a position as 
primo basso at her Majesty's opera house, London, England. This 
branch of the family has always been loyal to the principles of liberty 
and human rights, and when the stars and stripes were struck down 
at Port Sumpter many of them threw themselves into the contest, 
and some of them laid down their lives that the Union might live. 

I have heard that our progenitors, in the distant past, were Qua- 
kers, but there are no traces of Quakerism now. I think, however, 
that the most of the descendants of Seth incline towards a liberal 
belief in religious matters. 

I trust that this occasion will furnish another example of the 
proof of the sentiment : "Behold, how good and how pleasant it is 
for brethren to dwell together in unity." Our dwelling together 
will be of short duration, but truly pleasant ; and may we improve 
the opportunity of forming an acquaintance with our kindred which 
shall result in friendly intercourse in the future. 

•Mr. ,T. E. Perkins died Feb. 25,1875, (since this was in type) aged 29 yrs. 11 mo* 


"The heaviest Taft of whom we have any record holds the County of 
Worcester in his mighty grasp. Having been for a dozen years or more 
thu acknowledged head of the County, it is confidently believed that the 
Counly is not much ahead of him. 1 ' 

Hon. Velorous Taft, of Upton, responded. He didn't know 
why he was called upon, unless it was because all who had preced- 
ed him were professional men, and some one was wanted to reper- 
sent the common stock. The Tafts in his town were not speech- 
makers nor politicians, but there is an office they run to, — that of 
Overseer of the Poor. They were not talkers, but if there is any- 
thing to 'be done they can do it. 

Stephen S. Taft, of Palmer, hoped this occasion might not be an 
oasis in the desert of time, but that annual gatherings of the family 
should be held in the good old town of Uxbridge. 

Col. H. C. Taft, the worthy Chief Marshal, was called for, but 
did not respond, probably owing to the duties of his position re- 
quiring his presence elsewhere. 

Henry G. Taft answered to " The Selectmen of Uxbridge," and 
said that he was proud to be even at the "'tail end " of the present 
board. He thought the toast master, in calling for him to speak, 
must have felt as he did when he used to go fishing. He would 
start out with the determination to catch a large string of big fish, 
but before he returned he was satisfied to take all the small ones 
that would bite. Believing this to be the case, he excused himself 
from making further remarks. 

Reuben E. Dodge was the last speaker. He explained the rela- 
tionship existing between the Taft and Rawson families, and invited 
all relatives of the latter to attend the re-union to be held in the 
city of Worcester. 

On motion of Hon. Henry Chapin, it was voted that the thanks 
of the gathering be extended to Judge Alphonso Taft for his valua- 
ble address, and that he be requested to furnish a copy for publica- 
tion. On motion of Hon. Velorous Taft, a vote of thanks was also 
extended to Judge Chapin for his admirable poem, and a copy re- 
quested for publication. 

• 91 

The parting song, written by Judge Chapin, was sung by the se- 
lect choir and congregation, accompanied by the band : 

The summer breezes play 
Upon this festal day, 

When children come 
To greet the father-land, 
To clasp each other's hand, 
While lovingly they stand 

Near the old home. 

Home where the fathers dwelt, 
x Home where the loved ones knelt 

At noon and eve; 
Like bindings to their nest, 
Thy offspring come to rest, 
And on thy loving breast 

Rich gai lands leave. 

Along this beauteous scene, 
This valley fair and green, 

The river flows, 
Beside whose gentle stream, 
On many a tender theme, • 

We sit and fondly dream 

In sweet repose. 

Our father's home, farewell ; 
Thy name with us snail dwell 

Where'er we roam. 
To thee our gifis we bring, 
To thee our aearts shall cling, 
While oft our lips shall sing: 

God bless our home ! 

At the suggestion of the committee of arrangements, the chair- 
man appointed a meeting in the Unitarian vestry, in the evening, 
for the purpose of forming a permanent organization. The exer- 
cises in the tent then clsoed with the benediction, pronounced by 
Rev. Lovett Taft. 

Pursuant to the call of the Presidnet, a meeting was held in the 
evening, at which the following officers were chosen to form a per- 
manent organization : 

92 • 

President— Daniel W. Taft, of Uxbridge, Mass. 

First Vice President — Hon. Alphonso Taft, of Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Second Vice President — Lieut. Gov. R. S. Taft, of Burlington, Vt. 

Secretary — Charles A. Taft, of Uxbridge, Mass. 

Treasurer — Hon. Velorous Taft, of Upton, Mass. 

The officers were empowered to fill any vacancies which might 



Tho preparation of a historical account of the Taft family has boon in 
contemplation for several years, but the way has not seemed to be en- 
tirely open for the accomplishment oi the work previous to the lar^o 
gathering of the family recently held at Oxbridge, Mass. It seems now 
a fitting and opportune time to commence active operations in that di- 

I desire to receive as early as possible, all statistics and records of 
families, historical and biographical sketches, and all matter of interest 
that should be embodied in such a work. 

The design is to make the work as complete as possible. It will bo 
arranged in three departments : — 

First, — The early History of the Family. 

Second, — A tabular presentation in proper order, of all the branches 
and families from Robert Taft the first, to tho present time. 

Third, — Biography, History and Incidents of the present generation, 
and that immediately preceding. 

Now all matter that will come under either of these divisions, is de- 
sired, and I trust that all interested will give it immediate attention. 

The work will contain from 500 to 700 pages, with some illustrations, 
consisting of views from the locality of the original homestead, and por- 
traits. There will also accompany the work a Genealogical tree, upon 
much the same plan as that published for the family twelve years ago. 
This will he made as perfect as possible; in it the defects of the former 
will be remedied. The work can he furnished at from $5.00 to S10.00 
per copy, according to the style of binding, &c. 

It is desirable that all who wish the work would make it known to 
me, or Judge Alphonso Taft of this city, as early as possible, that wc 
may have some criterion as to the extent of the edition to he published. 
The demand for the work will also modify the price at which the work 
can be afforded. 

Address, J. Taft, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Letters were received from Enos N. Taft, Esq., of Brooklyn, N. 
Y. ; Peter R. Taft and Charles P. Taft, Esqs., of Cincinnati, Ohio; 
Judge Levi B. Taft, of Pontiac, Mich. ; and Richard Taft, of the 
Profile House, N. H. 


The following letter was received from Hon. John Taffe, member 
of Congress : 

Omaha, Neb., August 12, 1874. 
Hon. Henry CuvriN: 

Dear Sir, — Your letter of the 29th ult. came to hand dming my ab- 
sence at Washington. I have written Amhonso Taft, at Cincinnati, in 
answer to his inqniries as to the name, but I am not aide to give much 
light. My ancestors came from Ireland, but I do not know where they 
first settled. My grandfather was born in Virginia in 1755, and in his 
early business transactions, I rind the name spelled Taaffe. I think the 
"a" was dropped about the year 1800. 

I think the names, Taaffc, Taffe, Toff, Taafe and Taft, were originally 
the same, and of Norman origin. 

Yourself and committee will please accept my thanks for your kind 
invitation to the re-union, and I sincerely regret that I was unable to 
attend. Very truly, 

John Taffe. 

The following letter was received from Jos. R. Dixon, editor and 
publisher of the Cortland County Republican, Homer, N. Y. : 

Homeu, N. Y., July 20, 1874. 
H. CnAiTN, Esq. : 

Dear Sir, — I have delayed a reply to your favor of the 30th ult. long- 
er, perhaps, than I should have done. I found myself unable at once to 
say "nay" to the kind invitation which it contained ; nor could I readily 
respond to it in the affirmative. While listening on the one hand to the 
promptings of my social nature, and on the other to the suggestions of a 
gnancial policy, I have been "like a man to double business bound, 11 and 
have neglected either reply. I feel, however, that I ought no longer to 
delay an answer to your closing inquiry. 

I have reluctantly come to the conclusion that it will not be prudenl 
for me to meet with \ou on the 12th prox. I should dearly love to bo 
present on that occasion, for I have come to believe that the Tafts have 
been and still are quite a respectable family. My mother, through 
Whom I am connected with it, died when I was seven weeks old. Of 
course I have no recollection of her. Her oldest sister, Cynthia, (Mis. 
N. Butler,) moved into the town where I was brought up, when I was 
yet a lad. For several years it was the "treat of my life 11 to visit her 
cheerful abode. I distinctly remember, with gratitude to God, the im- 
pressions made on my youthful mind by her generous, noble and wom- 
anly bearing on those occasions. From that time to this, she has been 
my "beau ideal" of a Christian woman. 

With my kindest regards for the orator of the day, and my best wishes 
for the happiness of all permitted to participate in the meeting, I am 
Respectfully yours, 

Jos. R. Dixon. 


The following extracts are from a letter from Miss M. E. Tay- 
lor, Romeo, Michigan : 

Romeo, Bruce, August 7, 1874. 
Mr. Ciiapin*: 

We cannot ineet with this blessed conclave, and we do not like to 
be left out; so pardon us if we present us to you: Our mother, Phebe 
Taylor; my brother, Adrian Dwight Taylor; myself, Mary Elizabeth 
Taylor; ami Marina, a child. Onr home is under a crown of northern 
seas, amid birds and beasts and forest trees of Michigan. My mother's 
maiden name was Phebe Leech; her mother's name was Nabby Tuft; 
one of her grandmothers was a Chapin, and her father's name was Rob- 
ert Taft, who emigrated to to Bloomiield long decades ago: h>s ancestor 
was the great Robert Taft, whose name we revere, and whose memory 
let us crown in our hearts with an evergreen crown. As little streams 
must rejoice in flowing from a clear fountain, so let us rejoice and keep 
the river clear until it meets the sea. ******* 

"Going home!'' There is music in these words, and the going home 
of our tribe brings a mysterious joy, so deep and intense, — 1 have tried 
in vain to account for it. Perchance it recalls the delight of going home 
from school when we were children, or indeed it may be a symbol to 
us of the return of the Children of the Dawn home to the Orient. 

That our Father may vouchsafe us His benediction is the earnest 
prayer of a shepherdess. 

M. E. Taylor. 

As a fitting close of the account of a gathering so full of enjoy- 
ment and so fruitful in pleasant recollections, it may be proper to 
insert the following circular issued by the committee for procuring 
a memorial monument for their common ancestor Robert Taft, and 
to which it is hoped that a liberal response will be made by all who 
are bound together by the ties of kindred blood : 

To the Descendants or Robert Taft: 

At the meeting of the Taft family, held at Oxbridge, August 12th, 
1874. the undersigned were appointed a committee to procure and erect 
a suitable monument to the memory of our honored ancestor. It is pro- 
posed to erect the same upon the farm, in Mendon, where Robert Taft 
settled. The farm is now owned by one of his descendants, who is 
ready to convey in trust a suitable tract of land to be appropriated for 
the monument. The quality and expense of the monument must de- 
pend upon the amount contributed, before the work is commenced. 

Please to send a contribution for the object, communicate this state- 
ment to other members of the family, and rsk them to do likewise. The 


amount may be forwarded to Hon. Veloious Taft, Upton, Mass., Treas- 
urer of the Taft Association. 

Vei.okous Taft, Upton, 
Daniel W. Taft, Uxbrirlge, 
Royal C. Taft, Providence, 
Putnam W. Takt, Mcndon, 
IIlxky CllAriN, "Worcester. 
NOV. 20, 187-1. 


Aldrich, Aimer IL, Mention. Mass. 
Aldrich, Horace S. 
Alexander, June E., Uxbridge. 
Alexander, Curtis • 
Alexander, Winlield 
Aldrich, Hiram A., Providenee.R.l 
Aldrich, .Mrs. II. A. " • 

Adams, Lizzie T.. Winthrop, Mass 
Aldrich, Rosea, Uxbridge. 
Aldrich. Watie 

Bennett. A. W.. Uxbridge. 

Bennett, Mrs. A. \V. " 

Birdsall, Mrs.Wm., Green islaml.N.Y. Ball. Ella Preston " 

Bridges, Calvin. Hopkinton, Mass. Ball, Laura M. 

Brid-es, Mrs. Calvin - Bicknell, Miss M. A., Worcester. 

Bovden, R. M.. So. Ilolvoke, Mass. Blanehard, M. A., Millville, Mass. 

Bovden. W. S., Woonsoeket, 11. I. l 2 daughters. 

Arnold, Alfred, Uxbridge. 
Alexander, Arnold 
Alexander, Walter, Mendon. 
Aclnms, Mrs. Geo., Uxbridge. 
Adams. Charles, Boston. 
Albee, Mrs. E., Uxbridge. 
Alhee, L. T. 
Albee, E. E. 
Alger, Mrs., Providence. 

IBall, II. T.. Milford, Mass. 

Ball, Mrs. H. T. 

Capron, Clara D., Hartford, Ct. 
Capron, Annie II., Uxbridge. 
Capron, Laura E. 
Capron, William C. 
Capron, Laura A. 
Childs, W. A.. New York. 
Childs, Mrs. W. A. " 
Car-ill, C. A.. Worcester. 
Colburn, I). G.. Hopkinton, Mas 
Colburn, Mrs. I). G. " 
Clatlin, J. R., Milford. Mass. 
Clatlin, .Mrs. J. R. . - 

Crocker, Geo. A., Uxbridge. 

Crocker, Mrs. G. A. 

Chapin, Hon. Henry, Worcester. 

iChapin, Anna F. 

Chapin, Ezra W., Xorthboro. 

Crame, E. B., Worcester. 

Crame, Mrs. E. B. " 

Carter, Geo. S., .Mendon, Mass. 

Chase, Gardner. Ea. Douglas, Mass. 

Chase. Mrs. S. F. 

Crawford. , Worcester. 

Childs, F. T., So.Framingham.Mass. 

Daniels, John M., Uxbridge. -Daniels, Mrs. Mancy, Franklin. 

Daniels, Mrs. J. M. " i Davenport, John L„ "Mendon, Mass. 

Davidson, Mrs. G.W.,Whitinsville. Davenport, Samuel D. 

-Day, George F., Uxbridge. 
Day, Miss Abbie E. " 
Day, Miss Emma A. " 
Day, Daniel, Providence, R. I. 
Day, Mrs. Daniel " 
Day, Miss Louise M." 
Darnels, Mancy, Franklin, Mass 

Davenport, John L. J. 
Davenport, Austin 
Davenport, Miss A. L. " 

Davenport. Miss " 

Dadman. Mrs. J. J.. Fitchburg, Ms. 
Darling, Mrs. M., Boston. 
Darling, Miss Jennie " 

Edgarton, Ophelia, Quiney, Mass. Emerson, Mellor, Uxbridge. 

garton, David R 
Edgarton, Florence " 

Edgarton, Mary E. 
Eddy, B. B., Webster, Mass 
Eddy, Mrs. R. B. '« 


Emerson, Mrs. Mellor 
;Emerson, Walter M. 
Earle, Stephen B., Worcester. 
lEarle, Chas. B. 


Frank. Uxbridge. iFarnum, Mftses T., Northbridge. 

Clara. Whitinsville, Mass.lFarnmn, Walter .J. T. " 

Farnum, C, Leicester, Mass. 

Forbush, Mrs. Curtis, Grafton, Mass. 

Farnum, A. S., Worcester. 

I Farnum, G. S. " 

Farrington, Carrie C, Providence. 
LukeS.,Xorthbridge,Mass.|Fisher, J. P., Vineland, X. J. 
Mrs. L. S. " Fisher. Miss M., Franklin, Mass. 

Elizabeth S. " Follett, R.,Woonsocket, R. I. 

Ellen F. " I 

Mrs. Margaret A." 
, Samuel J. " 

, A. A., Franklin, Mass 
, A. B. 
, Geo. Taft, Providence 

Goldthwaite, Stephen, jr., Uxbridge., Guild, A. Ilattie. Dedham. \,_ 
Goklthwaite, Mrs. Stephen, jr. " Gates, Mary L.. Uxbridge. 
Gates, Mrs. Curtis, W.Bloomfield.N.Y.Gammage, G. S.-, Hopkinton, Mass. 
/ Guild. Francis, Dedham, Mass. |Gamniage, Mrs. G. S. * 


Guild, Mis. Francis 

Guild, Laura T. " 

S Guild, Francis W. 

Gladding, Ilattie. Providence. 

Gladding. BeDj. II. 
' Guild, Calvin, Dedham, Mass. 
, Guild, Margaret I. " 

Hayward, Win. E., Uxbridge. 

Hayward, Mrs. Wm. E. " 

Hobbs, Geo. T. 

Horton, Etta " 

Hall, W. II. .Worcester, Mass. 

Hall, Lucv 

Hatfield, Rev. R. M., Philadelphia. 

Hatfield, Mrs. R. M. 

Hobbs, Geo. W., Esq., Uxbridge. 

Hobbs, Mrs. Geo. W. 

Hill, Wm. B., East Douglas, Mass. 

Hill, Mrs. Moses B. 

Hall, Stephen, Xorthbridge, Mass. 

Hall, Mrs. Stephen 

James, Marcus Taft, Providence. 

James, Sophia Taft, 

James, Lewis G., Brooklyn, X. Y. 

James, Gertrude 

Johnson, Arthur S., Upton, Mass. 

Johnson, Mrs. A. S. " 

Kinsley, Edward C, Mendon. 
Kinsley, Mrs. E. C. 
Kinsley, Percy T. 
Knowlton, Wm., Upton, Mass. 
Knowlton, E. F. 

Luther, John, Military, Mass. 
Luther, Mrs. J. 

Mowry, Mrs. R. D., Uxbridge. 
Marble, E. M., Wrentliam, Mass. 
Murdock, Eldorous, Uxbridge. 
Murdock, Lorin X. 
Murdock, William " 

Murdock, Moses T. 


[Guild, C. II., Providence. 
Guild, Mrs. C II. " 
Guild, Henry 

Gladding, Mrs. B. IT." 

'Grant, Miss , Wrentham, Mass. 

[Green, Merrill, Uxbridge. 

Hanson, J. S., Woburn, Mass. 
Hanson. Mrs. J. S. » 
Howard, Lucy B., Uxbridge. 
Hooker, Wm. IL, Milford, Mass. 
Hooker, Mrs. W. 11. " 
Hitchings, II., Dedham, Mass. 
Hitehings, Mrs. II. " 
Hall, W., Uxbridge. 
Hall. Mrs. W. " 

Son and daughter. 
Hayward, E. B., Uxbridge. 
iHall, Jos. C. 
Hall, E. X. 

[Joslyn, Lucinda A., Upton. 

Jilson, A. B., Woonsocket, R. I. 

Jilson, Mrs. A. B. 

Johnson, L., Upton. 

Johnson, Mrs. L." 

[Jennison, Mrs. II. S., Oxford, Mass. 

iKnowlton, Mrs. E. F., Upton. 
Kimball, L. C, Burlington, Vt. 
Kimball, Mrs. L. C. ' : 
Kidder, J. II. , Lawrence, Mass. 

Lee, Mrs. William, Uxbridi 

Murdock, Mrs. M. T., Uxbridge. 

Murdock. Caleb, Charlestown, Mass. 
Murdock, Mrs. Caleb " 
Mathewson, Arthur, Uxbridge. 
Mathewson, Mrs. A. 
.Murdock, Chapin 


M unlock, Mrs. Chapin, Uxbridge. iMurdock, Geo. Taft, Worcester. 

Mowry, Daniel C, Ilullistoii, Mass.' M unlock, Mrs. G. T. 

Mowry, Mrs. D. C. " Murdoek, Miss L. G. 

Warm, D. X.. No. Brookfield, Mass. Marsh. Mrs. Geo., Dcdham, Mass. 

Mann, Mrs. D. N. " Murdoek, L. W., Uxbridge. 

Mellor, Hannah, Blackstone, Mass. Murdoek, Mrs. L. W. " 

Mitehel, Mrs. A., Memlon. |Moore,E. Percy,Framingham,Mass. 

Nason, Walter X., Franklin, Mass. Nelson, Mrs. O. T„ Milford. 
Nichols, Augusta. Uxbridge. 
Xiikerson, Edw'd 1., Providence. 

Xiekers(jn, Lizzie 1). " ! Naomi, Miss , Ohio. 

Nelson, O. T., Milford, Mass. IXaomi, Mi?s 

Perkins, W. O., Boston. IPlummer, Mrs. I.. Northbridge. 

Pabody, Lucy B. Taft, l'rovidence. iPlnimner, Geo. W. 
Parsons, Mrs. L.. Ea. Douglas, Mass.lPerrey, Josiah, Dudley, Mass. 
Phimmer, Israel, Northbridge, Ms.;Perrey, Mrs. J. 

iNutting, Eugene, Millville, M: 
iX'ason, Lizzie C, Worcester. 

Rhodes, Mrs. Almira, Uxbridge 

Rhodes, Margaret 

Rhodes, Mary 

Rhodes, Bertha 

Rockwood. Calvin X 

Rock wood, Mrs. C. X 

Rollins. Mrs. E. X.. Ilopkinton. 
Richardson, Caleb T.. Uxbridge. 
Richardson, Mrs. C. T. 
Rockwood, J. A.. Upton, Mass. 
Providence. j Roberts, Mrs. J. B , Paw tucket, R.I. 
| Rogers, Geo. S., Uxbridge. 

Rollins, E. X., Hopkinton, Mass. 'Rogers, Mrs. G. S. 

Spring, Luther, Brooklyn. X. Y. 

Spring, Miss Margaret, Uxbridge. 

Sweet, A. S. 

Sloeum, E. II.. Worcester. 

Slocum, Mrs. John II. " 

Sheroian.Isabelle, Ea. Douglas, Ms. 

Scott, Walter P.. Uxbridge. 

Scott, Mrs. W. P. 

Seagrave, Mrs. L. A. 

Slater, Henrv P. 

Slater, Mrs. II. P. 

Slater, Emily M. 

Slater, Alice T. 

Smith, E. L., Mendon. 

Smith, Mrs. E. L. " 

Staples, Rev. C. A., Providence. 

Staples, C. J. 

Sessions. Mrs. C.C.L.,\v.\Voortstock,Ct 

Strand, R. B., Thompson, Ct. 

Strand, Mrs. R. B. " 

Sabin, Israel, L'xhridge. 

Sabin, Mrs. Israel " 

Smith, C. II., Milford, Mass. 

Smith, Mrs. C. II. " 

Southwick, F. W., Worcester. 

Sonthwick, M. L., Blackstone, Mass. 

Southwick, Andre, Mendon. 

Southwick, Mrs. A. 

Southwick, S. F. 

Taft, Hon. Alplionso, Cincinnati, O. Taft. Rufns, Wrentham, Mass. 
Taft, Dr. Jonathan ■« Taft, Ellen 

Taft, Bion, Oxford, Mass. Taft, Isabella 

Tail, Xettie L., Wooilstock, Ct. ,Taft, Minnie 

Scott, S. W.. Uxbridge. 
Spring, Daniel, New York. 
Staples, Edw'd L., Mendon. 
Staples, Mrs. E. L. 
Seagrave, Angenette B., Uxbr 
Seagrave, J. D., Worcester. 
Southworth.Chas., No. Brookfleli 
Stetson, Mrs. Lucy. Xo. Uxbrii 
Seagi'ave, Geo. A., Providence, 
Seagrave, Mrs. G. A. " 
Staples, Mrs. Jason, Mendon. 
Spaulding, Girdon R., Uxbridg 
Spaulding, Mrs. G. R. 
Spaulding, d. A. Tail. Worces 
'Seagrave. Mrs. J. T.. Frovidem 
Shippee, Albert. Ilolli.ston. Mas 
Shippee, Mrs. Albert " 
Stoddard, G. II., I'pton, Mass. 
Stoddard, Mrs. M. A. " 
Southwick, Ruth, Worcester. 
Seagrave, MrsAV. II. Statersvilli 
Smith, Thos. Taft, Millville, M 
Smith, Mrs. T. T. 
Smith, Ara Adna 
Smith. Sarah 

Southwick, A. A., Mendon. 
Southwick, J. F. 
Southwick, A. L., Woburn. 


t, Ms. 

II I. 


Taft, John S. Uxbridge. 

Taft, Mrs. John S. 

Taft, Louisa 

Taft, Harriet 

Taft, Geo. W. 

Taft, Sarah M. 

Taft, Henry 

Taft, Mrs. Henry 

Taft, Oliver 

Taft, Miss Amanda 

Taft, David II. 

Taft, Mrs. David H. 

Taft, Lillie A. 

Taft, Mrs. Bezaleel 

Talt, Henry G. 

Taft, Mrs. Henry G. 

Taft, Florence S. 

Taft, Geor-e S. 

Taft, Louise M. 

Taft, Susan II. 

Taft, Lewis S. 

Taft, Mrs. Lewis S. 

Taft, Timothy • " 

Taft, Ellis C. 

Taft, Mrs. Ellis C. 

Taft, Hellen 

Taft, Moses 

Taft, Mrs. Moses 

Taft, L. Herbert 

Taft, Lorin B. 

Taft, Mrs. Lorin B. 

Taft, Orsmus 

Taft, Mrs. Orsmus 

Taft, Miss M. A. 

Taft, Jacob 

Taft, Mrs. Jacob 

Taft, Fred E. 

Taft, Dan'l W. 

Taft, Mrs. DanF W. 

Taft, Jennie G. 

Taft, Mattie A. 

Taft, Geo. L. 

Taft, Robert 

Taft, Mrs. Mary B. 

Taft, Arthur B. 

Taft, David 

Taft. Mrs. David 

Taft, Zadok A. 

raft, Mrs. Zadok A. 

Taft, Hannah T. 

Taft, Mabel H. 

Taft, Ghloe M. 

Taft, Sophia 

Taft. Charles A. 

Taft, Mrs. Charles A. " 

Taft, Emma E. 

Taft, Sarah A. 

Taft, Chandler 

Taft, Mis. Chandler 

Taft, Dandridge G. 


Mrs. D. G. Uxbridge. 
Arba W. 
Bayard W. 

Mrs. James " 

Mrs. Seth 
A. R. 

Mrs. A. R. 
Miss Susan E. 
Henry M. 

Mrs. Henry M. " 
Sullivan EL, Mendon. 
Mrs. S. II. 
Mercv J. 
Charles F. 
A. W.. Charleston, S. C. 

I. P.. Northbridge, Mass. 
Miss Amita " 
Alanson, Mendon. 
Mrs. A. 


Mrs. T. 


Mary. Providence. R. I. 

Annie L. 

James H.. Brooklyn, X. Y 

Mrs. J. II. 

Win. X. 

Charles FL 

Henry W., Pittsfield. .Mass 

Wm. L. Sheffield. Mass. 

Mrs. Wm. I. " 

Roscoe C. 

Mrs. R. C. 

Miss Mary F. " 

Rev. Lovett, Columbus, O. 

Mis. L. 

P. P., Woodstock, Vt. 

Alison W. " 

Royal C, Providence. 

Mrs. R. C. 

Abbie F. 

Robert W. 

John II.. Worcester, Mass. 

Mrs. J. II. 

W. Y.. Xew York City. 

Gilbert C, Grafton, Mass. 

Mrs. G. C. 

Augusta L. 

Mrs. Robert, Omaha, Xeb. 

John A., Worcester. 

Russell S., Burl in -ton. Vt. 

II. S., Xorthbridire, Mass. 
Mrs. II. S. " 

X. E., Worcester. 


J. W., Providence, R. I. 

Walter B. 

Chas. W., Brookheld, Vt. 


Taft, Velorons, Upton, Muss. 


Taft. Mrs. V. 


Taft, Annie C. 


Taft, Rebecca L. " 


Taft, Stephen S., Palmer, Mass. 


Taft, Marcus L., Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Taft, Francis II. 


Taft, Elizabeth. Philadelphia. 


Taft, Alanson W„ Providence. 


Taft, Mrs. A. W. 


Taft, Daniel, Bane, Vt. 


Taft, Mrs. D. 


Taft, Tims. J., Willimantic, Ct. 


Taft, Mrs. T. J. 


Taft, P.ezaleel W. 


Taft, Charles P. 


Taft, Geo. A. 


Taft, C. S., Sutton, Vt, 


Taft, John R., Providence. 


Taft, Mrs. J. R. 


Taft, Fred E. 


Taft, Mrs. F. E. 


Tuft, Mabel Edith " 


Taft, Frank W. 


Taft, Alice S. 


Taft, Herbert W. " 


Taft, Henry S. 


Taft, A. P./ Sutton, Vt, 


Taft, Join. R., Mendon. 


Taft, Mrs. J. R. " 


-Taft, Austin A. 



—Taft, Levi 


Taft, Georce 


Taft, M. A*.', Sutton, Vt, 


-Taft, Orrav A.. Providence. 


\Taft, Elizabeth W.,Winthrop,Mass. 


Taft, Thomas E., Mendon. 


Taft, Enos, Upton. Mass. 


Taft, Edward 11., Mendon. 


Taft. Mrs. E. II. 


Taft, Mary L. 


Taft. Marvil, Northbridge. Ma«s. 


Taft, Sarah. Milford, Mass. 


Taft, L. W., Upton, Mass. 


Taft, Mrs. L. \V. " 


Taft, Caleb, Rochester. N. Y. 


Ta.1, Jessie X.. Worcester. 


Taft, P. W. 


Taft, Mis. P. W. " 


Taft, Clias. Q.. Millville, Mass. 


Taft, Edward P.. Providence. 


Taft, Edward W. 


Taft, Minerva L., Dedhara, Mass. 


Taft, Francis, Providence. 


Taft. Mrs. Francis " 


Taft, Elias, Mendon. 


Taft, E. P., Dedham, Mass. 


Taft, David A., Woonsoeket, R. I. 


Taft, ilrs. I). A. 


Mellen, Blaekstone, Mass. 

Oscar F.,Whitinsville, Mass. 

Amos. Milford, Mass. 

Caleb S., Blaekstone. 

Mrs. Caleb S. " 

Mrs. Caleb 

George, Mendon. 

Luther C. " 

Gnstavus E., Whitinsville. 

Cyrus A. 



Charles II.. Burrillville, R. I. 

Hiram E. 

Geo. W. 

Joel, Grafton, Mass. 

Mary E., Burrillville, R. I. 

Elisha, Spencer, Mass. 

Mrs. M. 

C. E. 

Stephen, Worcester. 


Henry G. 



Kate C. 

Willis, Oxford, Mass. 

A. B. 


Susan A., Framingbam, Mass. 

Joanna L., Worcester. 

Ellen A. 

William X. 

Elijah, Burlington, Vt. 

Eleanor B. - 

Harriet, Smithlield, R. I. 

Isaac J., Chenachet, R. I. 

Mrs. I. J. 

John B.. Boston. 

Mrs. J B. " 

Edwin A., Providence. 

Mrs. E. A. 

Albert, Upton, Mass. 

Amariah A., Milford, Mass. 

Mrs. A. A. 

Jesse A. 

E. C Worcester. 

Mrs. E. C. " 

Timothy P. " 

Frederick A., Boston. 

Waterman, Mendon. 

Mrs. W. 

Charles, Providence. 

James E. 

Mrs. J. E. 

Chandler, Spencer. Mass. 

Mrs. C. 

Mrs. Asa. Koone, X. II. 

MissM. W. " 

Miss E. M. " 


Taft, J. S., Kecnc, N. II. Tuft, Marin L. Providence. 

Tuft, Benj., Aver Junction, Mass. Taft. William A. 

Taft, G.,Uxbrid<:e. [Taft. knnie E. 

Taft, James E., Mention. Taft, Caleb, Blackstone, Mass. 

Taft, Mrs. Catherine '« Taft, Clara L. 

Tn ft. Miss Amy E. " iTaft, Or,mu- A., Providence. 

Taft, II. L.. Boston. Taft, A. P.. Upton. Mass. 

Taft, Miss Ada. Worcester. Taft, Roval K.. Gloucester, R. I. 

Taft. Wm. P.. Sturbridge, Mass. Taft. Mi's. P. K. 

Taft, Mrs. W. P. •• iTaft. Henry P. 

Taft, HerbPrt W. " ITaft, Earle H. 

Taft, Ella F. " Taft. Pcarlev P.. Upton, Mass. 

Taft. Dennison, Montpelier, Vt. Taft. Mrs. P. P. 
Taft. Miss Ida, Profile House, N. H. Taft. Heubcn, Grafton, Mass. 

Taft, Ezra W.. Dedhaui, Mass. Taft. Mrs. R. 

Taft, Mrs. E. W. " Taft, E. A., Xew England Village. 

Taft. Miss Marv, Millhurv, Mass. Taft, Jotham W. 

Taft, Samuel, Holliston, Mass. Taft, Mrs. J. W. 

Taft, Mrs. S. " Taft, S. C, Franklin, Mass. 

Taft. Marv A. " Taft, A. X. 

Taft, P. P.. Woonsocket, P. I. Taft, Clias.. Northbridge, Mass. 

Taft, Nelson - 'I'aft. Mrs. C. 

Taft, F. F.. Mention. Taft, Jennie L. 

Taft, II. S. •• Taft, Gen. Putnam. Blackstone.Ms. 

Taft, Jndson, Worcester. Taft. Mrs. P. 
Taft, Rev. S. II.. Humboldt. Iowa. Taft. Dehor? E. 

Taft. Anna, Mendon. Thayer, E C. Keene. X. H. 
Taft, William A., Sturbridge, Mass. Thayer, Mrs. E. C. «• 

Taft. Mrs. W. A. " Thayer, Mrs. Sam'l, Mention. 

Taft, John A.. Providence. Thayer, Mrs. Anion, E. Douglas, Ms. 

Taft, Hattie A. " Thaver, Asa 

Tart. X. X. " Thaver, Mrs. Asa 

Taft, Mrs. X. X. » Thayer. A. J. 

Taft. W. P. » Thaver, Mrs. A. J. 

Taft, Frank. Mendon. Tucker, Geo. F., Uxbridge. 

Taft, C. L., Upton. Mass. Tucker, Mrs. G. F. " ' 

Taft, Mrs. C. L. '• Thaver. F. C, Worcester. 

Taft. L. A.. Blackstone, Mass. Thayer, Mis. C. T. » 

Taft, M. Emma '« Thayer, I,. D. 

Taft, Samuel II., Mention. Thaver. Mrs. L. I) " 

Taft. Mrs. 8. II. •■ Todd, Mrs. E.. Winchendon, X. H. 

Taft, Wm. J. •' Todd. Xettie 

Taft, C. L., Fitzvvilliam, X. H. Turner. S. T., Blackstone, Mass.. 

Taft, Mrs. C. L. - Tyler. Newell, Worcester. 

Taft. Lewis " Teel, Miss A. 

Taft, Mrs. L. " Thurston, Miss L. •• 

Taft, William .II.. Providence. Thayer. Mrs. C. Franklin, Mass. 

Underwood, Mary A., Providences. | 

White, George, Uxbridge. Wheelock, Miss Alice, Uxbridge. 

White, Mrs. Geo. " Wood. Mrs. A. A. 

White, Miss " Wood, Miss Anna 

Wheelock, Chas. A. " iWood, Samuel T. 

Wheelock, Mrs.C. A. " Wood, Mrs. S. T. 

Wheelock, Silas M. " Wood, Ezra G. 

Wheelock, .Mrs. S. M." Whitin,Chas.E.,Whitinsville,Mass. 

Wheelock, Henry " Whilin, Henry F. " 

Wheelock, Arthur " |Wood, Mrs. Hiram, Douglas, Mass. 

Wheelock, Mrs. A. " Wood, Perry, Mention. 


Wood Mrs. Perrv, Mendon. Wightman, J. A., Providence. 
Wheelock. Eugene A., Putnam, Ct. WightnnTn, Mrs. J. A. " 

Wheelock, Mrs. E. A. " Wood. .!. II., Mention. 

Williams. Mrs. M., New York. Wood, F. II • " . .„ Ar 

White Charles, Uxbridge. Whitin, Paul, Wlntmsville, Mass. 

White'. Mrs. Chits. " "" Wade, Orrin 

Wheeler Mrs- IV. Cpton, Mass. Wade. Mrs. Orrin " 

Wheeler, William II. " Washburn. Lincoln MillvilKMas 

Wheeler, Mrs. W. II. " Woods. (). L.. Hopkmton, Mass. 

Wheelock. 0. E., Uxbridire. Woods. Mrs. O. L. " 

Wheelock. Mrs. C. E. " Wood, Austin Mendon 

Wheelock. Eddie •* Wood. II. A.. Woonsocket, R. I. 

Woo.l. Sarah C, Worcester. Wood, Mrs. H. A. " 




Dan'l W. Taft, Uxbridge, Mass. 

Vice Presidents. 
Hon. Alphonso Taft, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Hon. Russell S. Taft, Burlington, Vt. 

Hon. Velorous Taft, Upton, Mass. 

Chas. A. Taft, Esq., Uxbridge. Mass.