Skip to main content

Full text of "Tar heel sketch-book. A brief biographical sketch of the life and public acts of the members of the General assembly of North Carolina. Session of 1879"

See other formats


«>►_ <.-y '^\f-W^^^.:^. >y. ^^^^ 




.0'^ c " ° 



^0^ .'V. 


' o 


^* ..^ .. 




,/ .^>5^% %^^,^ .v-^^:^^ %. 

^Pv * o . o ' 

* - . -I ■■ 

V » * • »- 
V , - ^ , • . , - 

//l/'/7 i-X>V /v>. 



■-•-ESSIOlSr OF 1879. 



R ALE ! 



T. R. DAY & BRO. 


^ Y 'S 


Oar Mr. J. R. DAY was for many years a nieraT)er of tlie firm of W. T. Black- 
well & Co., and with the advantage of his long experience in the manufacture of 
Smoking Tohacco, and with a sufficiency of capital, we are enahled to give the 
trade goods that are not equaled by any manufactured in Durham. Th'^y are 
Standard in evry particular. Manufactured of the hest old Stock. We call 
special attention to our TRADE MARK. 


Can he found at all the large Groceries and Tobacco Houses in the United States. 

Street's National Hotel,. 


S. E. STREET & SON, Owners and Prop'rs. 


S. Tl, STREET & SOT^i", P'roprietors.,: 

The undersigned having purchased the National Hotel property at Raleigh, on 
March loth, 1879, opened that well known House to the public under their man- 
agement. They refer to their past management of the (4aston House as a guar- 
antee that the traveling pul)lic will tind tlie National, in their hands, up to the 
standard of a fli-st-class Hotel The senior, Mr. Samuel R. Street, will remain in. 
charge of the Gaston House. The junior, Mr. Wm. J. Street, wiil conduct th 
National Hotel. ^ ^ , 





Convenient to business centre. One square from Capitol. New furniture, ; it - 
tentive servants. Board m.oderete. 




— ^-^ — T('" 







Session of 1879. 




18 7 9. 

I l^ ij 

In Ebschaiige 

Univ. of North Oarolina 


At 1-^ o'clock, M., Wednesday, Jan. 8th, 1870, the General 
Assembly of North Carolina was called to order by tJie Princi- 
pal Clerks of the last session. The following officers were elected 
in the Senate : Secretary, /R. M, Furman: J*]ngro£sing Clerk, J. 
S. Tomlinson; Reading Clerk, Piatt. D. Cowan; Sergeaut-at- 
Arms, H. r>. Mnrrill; Assistant. Door-keeper, W. V. Clifton. In 
the House of Represeatatives the following: Speaker, John M. 
Moring; Principal Clerk. J. D. Cameron; Engrossing Clerk, 
W. J. Barrett; Reading Clerk, U. W. Best; Door keeper, John 
Hill; Assistant Door-keeper, X. P. Norton. The General As- 
sembly continued in ses^jioa. withoiitintermissioii, sixty-six days, 
and adjourned at 3 o'clock, Fiiclay, Mjirch 14tli, 1879. The 
Constitutional limit of sixty days expired on the Sth in^t., but 
that some very important businessmight be completed the mem- 
bers remunn d, without j)ay, six days longer. 

On the 21st of January (Jov. Z. 1>. Vance was elected United 
States Senator for tlie teim beginning ilaich 4th. and upon his 
resignation, Feb, 5th. Lieut. Governor, Thonuis J. Jarvis, was 
called to fill the Executive Chair ; and whereupon James L. 
Robinson, Esn., was tlected Lieutenant Governor, snd ])resided 
over the Senate during the remainder of the session. 

The author wishes to say that the following pages have not 
been ''fashioned to the taste of critics," for they were ]iiepared 
very hastily, while the ardiicns duties of Engrossing Ch j-k of 
the Senate were pressing upon him, and in many cases it was 
impossible to get the necessary data in order to make the sketches 
■complete. J. S. T. 

March 15th, 1870. 





Was born in Perquimans county. Nov. 6tli, 1837, and has al- 
ways been a resident of that county. His parents were also na- 
tives of the same couuty and lived to advanced ages. His fath- 
er was a member of the Society of Friends, and was a zealous 
advocate of liberty, peace and temperance. The subject of this 
sketch is also a member of the same religious denomination. 
He was marrief' Jan. 19th, 185-4, to Miss Lydia Wilson, daugh- 
ter of William Wilson, Esq., a prominent citizen of AYoodville, 
Perquimans county. He has seven children living, the eldest, 
a son, graduated at Haverford College, near Philadelphia, with 
the class of 1878. This is Mr. W's. first term in the Legislature. 
He received a very flattering vote in his county, having received 
630 majority over his opponent. This shows that he stands 
high in the estimation of his people, and that they had great 
confidence in his ability to legislate in their behalf. By occu- 
pation he is a plain farmer, and is a very hard working man. 
He is on the committees, Finance, Public Printing, Claims and 
Insane Asylum. — Republican. 



Was born in Bertie county, in that j)art which was formerly 


tnown as the Snake-bite District, on the 8th of September, 1828o- 
His father, James L. Mitchell, died, leaving him and a younger 
brother when very small . He now owns a very fine farm in, 
Hertford county, near St. John's, known as the '•Roswell Cas- 
tle," and does an extensive business at farming. He was mar- 
ried to Miss Martha M. McGlohon in July, 1852, and the fruits 
of this union were three children, the oldest of which died in 
1870, at the Murfreesboro Baptist Institute. Her name was 
Georgiana Mitchell. Martha L. Mitchell, is still living; the 
youngest, a son, Dr. J. H. Mitchell, is also living. His wife 
died in December, 1S63, and he was again married in December, 
1864, to Mrs. Nancy Vann, a sister of his first wife, by whom 
he had two children, Mary Emily and James x\rthur Luke. His 
second wife died in Kovember, 1873. He then married Miss 
Nancy A., daughter of James Northcott, Esq., on the 22nd of 
December, 1874, by whom he has one child. Mr. M. was elected 
captain of a military company when only 18 years old, after 
which he rvsis promoted to Lieut. Colonel of a Militia Eegiment 
and soon afterwards to Colonel. Did not go into the war — fur- 
nished a substitute. He carried the mail by contract for three 
years during the war, and furnished provisions for the Confed- 
erate army. Since the war he has served a number of years as 
Justice of the Peace, by appointment and by the popular vote of 
the people. Wa,s a candidate for a seat in the Constitutional 
Convention of 1875, but defeated by Hon. J. J. Yeates. Was 
elected to his preseAt seat in the Senate by a large majority. He 
has always been a farmer, and has been keeping hotel in AVinton 
for several years -past. Committees — Insurance, State Debt, 
Magistrates and Public Buildings. A very quiet and attentive 
member . — Eopubl i can . 





Born ill Beaufort county Jiinuary 9th 1S37. Educated at 
Uol. Lee's school in Ashcville. Volunteered and entered the Con- 
federate service in April 1861 as a member of Comiiany I. 3rd. 
Kegiment North Carolina State Troops. In the fall of the same 
year he was transferred from this regiment to the Gist. During 
the campaign he Avas in the battle of Newberne, Kinston, Wag- 
nor, Sumter, Fort Moultrie, Drury's Bluff, Cold Harbor, the 
seige of Charleston, and a number of others. He was captured 
while in an engagement near Petersburg, Va, on the 4th of 
August 1864, and taken as a prisoner to the old Capitol, Wash- 
ington, D. C, and from these to Fort Delaware, Delaware, 
where he was retained in prison until after Lee's surrender in 1865. 
Was wounded three times. Since the close of hostilities he has 
been engaged in tilling the soil. He has been twice married. 
Was first, married to Miss Mattie, daughter of Joseph Laughing- 
liouse, EsR., (a i:)rominent citizen of Pitt county,) on the 21st of 
March 1866. She died on the 12th of March 1868. His second 
wife was Miss Alice, daughter of W. H. Laughinghouse,Esq., to 
whom he was Aveded on the 26th of May 1860. The second wife 
died the 18th of August 1873. Soon after the war he was elec- 
ted Colonel of a militia regiment in his county but the Provis- 
ional Governor, W. W. Holden, prevented him from holding 
tlie office. Been magistrate two years. The present session is 
the first that he has ever been a member of. He holds a place 
on the following committees: Propositions and Grievan'bes, In- 
ternal Improvement, Privilege and elections, and Joint Com- 
mittee to nominate Magistrates. He is a zealous member, ever 
looking to the good of his constituence and the State at large, 
and coming as he does from a section minus of railroads is free 
to express himself as being opposed to any ajipropriation ])y the 
State to incorporate companies — Democrat. 



Is a native of Martin county, one of the counties of 2nd dis- 
trict, and was born in the town of Hamilton on the 26th of 
April 1839. He received a liberal education having attended 
the State University, and otherwise prepared himself for the 
practice of the jjrofession of law. When the war between the 
States broke out, his ardent and youthful patriotism quickly 
placed him in the ranks of his State's defenders. He served in 
the 31st North Carolina Regiment and was captured at the fall of 
Eoanoke Island. Even amid the clash of arms he was not insen- 
sible to cupid's charms, and was married June 11th 1862. 
He is of pleasant, agreeable manners and address, of cultiva- 
ted intellect, in the vigor of life, and a premising future before 
him. He serves on Committees: Judiciary, Corporations Milita- 
ry Affairs, and is Chairman of Committee on Claims, A quiet 
and good member — Democrat, 




Born March 4th, 1828, in Hertford county. Married first to 
Elizabeth Beale, of Northampton county ; the second time, to 
Sarah F., daughter of Rev. William Boone ; his third wife was 
Mary A., daughter of Lemuel. H, Boyce, Esq. Has nine chil- 
dren living. His occupation is that of a farmer and gunsmith. 
During the war he served a;S a Captain of a Militia Company. 
Been Magistrate four years and County Commissioner two years. 
Elected to the State Senate for the sessions of 1872-'73 and 18- 
73-"M, and re-elected to the present by about 500 majority. Mr. 
H. is a quiet and peaceable citizen at home, he having never 


been sn^'d, inflicted or warrani-cd on his own account in bis life. 
This shows a record worthy of imitation. — Republiean. 



, HALIFAX, C. H., X. C. 

Born September ICtb, 1830. Never went to school any in his 
life, bnt by his own exertions has secnred a very fair education. 
Married Miss Lavina Knight, of Halifax county, by whom he 
has had thirteen children, seven arc now living and six dead. 
Tie has been a minister (Methodist) of the Gospel for a number 
of years. By trade he is a brick mason and plasterer. He was 
first elected to represent Halifax county in the Convention of 
1868, since which time he has been in politics nearly all the 
time, this session in the Senate being his seventh term in this 
honorable body. Committees: Propositions and Grievances and 
Corporations. — Republican { Col.) 




Bjrn N'^v. lotli, 18-19. Bol'ore and during the war he was 
owned by Lafayette Dancy, Esq., a prominent fanner of Edge- 
combe county. He has served as Commissioner of the towu of 
Tarboro for two years, and as Commissioner of Edgecombe 
county for two vonrs. He i? n vc:j fine specimen of his race in 
aiipearan' '.nrtshii iningly while in the Senate. 


His occupation is that of a blacksmith. Not married. He was 
elected to the present Senate by about o.OOO majority. — Repub- 
lican, {Col.) 




Born in Pitt county North Carolina, May 11th 1842, the 
youngest son of Alfred Moye, Esq., who waa an honored mem- 
ber of the General Assembly from Pitt county, from 1829 to 1842. 
Received an ordinary education from the free and neighborhood 
schools of his district. In 1S60 went to the Oxford Classical 
and Mathematical School under the charge of J. H. Horner, 
Esq., and remained until the breaking out of the war. In Sep- 
tember 1861 he enlisted as a private in Company G. Stli Regi- 
ment North Carolina State Troops, was captured at Roanoke 
Island February 8th 1862 but was soon after paroled and ex- 
changed. He served as a private for twelve months, as Orderly 
Sergeant for about the same length of time and was then pro- 
moted to 2nd Lieutenant — in which capacity he served until the 
close of the war. On the .31st of May 1864 he was captured at 
Cold Harbor, Virginia, carried to Poii.t Lookout, Maryland, 
and kept for about three wncks, and was transferred to Fort 
Delaware, Delaware, where he remained until the 17th day of 
June 1865 having been in prison twelve months and thirteen 
days. December 1801 he Ava« married to Miss Mary I. Edwards, 
of Lenoir county, A^orth Carolina, nnd has three children living. 
By profession a farmer. In 1870, his people without any 
effort on his part selected him a" the candidate of the Dem- 
ocratic Conservative party of ' ;ir Senator of his' dis- 
trict, but he was defeated by nine ^> otcs. In 1876 he was again 
nominated, this time for the House of Representatives and was 


elected by nearl}' hvo liundred majority. That he was a faith- 
ful Representative and served his people acceptably, was evinc- 
ed by his being nominated in 1878 for the Senate, and receiving 
the highest vote of any one in his county, with the exception of 
the candinate for County Treasurer, who had no opposition.. 
His firm and decided stand for the rights of the people, 
for the working men of the country, has rendered him somewhat 
unpopular with some of the professional men, especially pro- 
fessional politicians, but by no means unpopular with the people 
whose friend he has proven himself to be. He is a niomber of 
that branch of the Christian Church styled the "Disciples of 
Christ."* He is Chairman of the Joint Committee on Public 
Buildings and Grounds and on the comniitiees on Enrolled Bills? 
Education, and Fish and Fisheries. He is very quiet but faith- 
ful to his people, he watches their interest and their is no firmer 
member in the Senate — Democrat. 




Bon: Xovember loth 1835 in Pitt county. Was educated at 
the Franklin Institute, Franklinton, Xorth Carolina, and the 
University of Virginia. Read Medicine under Dr. B. F. Green, 
Mf Franklinton, and Dr. C. J. O'Hagau of Greenville. He also 
took lessons in medicine while at the University of Virginia. 
Graduated at the Medical College of Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1858, 
with first hon'^^'". The Principal of the Institution passed some 
very decided compliments as to his jiroficiency upon the final 
examination, and especially as to his-familiarity with the science 
of anatomy. After graduating he located at Goldsboro for a 
short time and then moved to St^mtonsburg, in Wilson county^, 
Avhere he remained until 18()3, since which date he has resided 


in tlie town of Wilson. Married Miss 0. J. Bynum, daugliter 
of Gideon Bynum, Esq., of Pitt county. Her father was a prom- 
inent citizen of Pitt, and for many years a repi'esentative in the 
State Legishiture. He attended a course of Lectures in Riclimond 
in 18Gl-';i and received a diploma from the Institution in that 
city. 8oon after this he entered the Confederate service as sur- 
geon and served both in the field and in the hospital. In the 
hitter ]mrt of 1863*lTe had a severe attack of the camp fever, and 
never sufficiently reeovered to enter the service again. Since the 
war he has been practicing his profession and farming. He has 
been chairman of the Executive Committee of Democratic party 
in Wilson county ever since 1870 up to his nomination, andtlie 
change of the politics in the county is greatly due his wise man- 
agement. He was elected to his present seat without opposi- 
tion. Committees: Insane Asylum, Banks and Currenc}^, En- 
grossed Bills, and is Chairman of the select Committee to in- 
vestigate railroads. A very good member — Democrat. 



Capt. Harris was born in Franklin county, April 17th, 1831. 
He was educated at the common schools of the neighborhood. 
He was first mai-ried to Miss Sarah Wiggins, of Wake. Sh« 
lived only a few years, and 1 ythis marriage he has one child, a 
daughter. He w^as married the second time to Miss Marv A. 
Harris, of Franklin, and by this marriage has three children. 
At the commencement of the war he volunteered in the Frank- 
lin Kifles, the first company raised in the county, and upon the 
organization of the company was elected a Lieutenant. Capt. 
Harris has been a magistrate since he was twenty-one yeaxb of 
age, excepting the period; of Grov. Holden's aclministratitni. Ho 
was the Democratic candid ate for the Legislature in 1868, again 
in 1870, and for the Convention in 1871. He made active can- 


vasses and ei*rnest telling speeches, but the negro majority in 
his county was then so large that it could not be overcome.. 
His canvasses were not without result, however, for they hel})ed 
to keep organized the Democratic party in his county, and the 
party organization in that county is to-day equal with, if not 
superior to that of any other county in the State. lie was 
elected to his seat in the present Senate without opposition. He 
is a member of the following committees, viz. : Propositions and 
Grievances; Deaf, Dumb and Blind Asylum; Salaries and Fees, 
and Privileges and Elections. He does not speak often, but 
when he does speak he talks with animation and earnestness. 
His speech in favor of the oppropriation to the Orphan Asylum 
was very effective, and to him is due the credit of passing that, 
measure through the Senate. He introduced the resolution, 
and was very active in Avorking up a sentiment in its favor. He 
is genial and pleasant as a companion. He is a Avarm, zealous 
friend, and an earnest advocate of the rights of the 2")eople. 
Very few men in the Senate have as much personal poi^ularity. 
Capt. Harris belonged to the old Jeffersonian school of Demo- 
cracy, and is in religion a Missionary Baptist. — Democrat. 




Was born, on the Southern slope of Connecticut, in the his- 
toric town of Saybrook, on the 21st day of June, 1830. His an- 
cestor, the original John Bull, came over from England about 
the time of the plague in London, in 1684. During his infan- 
cy, and until he was twelve or fifteen years old, he was physi- 
cally weak, suffering nearly every disease that baby's flesh is air 
to, with several extra attacks of lung fever. (This was before 
"Dr. Bull," who belongs to another branch of the famly, had 
come upon the stage as the baby's benefactor.) About the age- 


indicated his attention was directed to building up his constitu- 
tion by reasonable conformity to suitable habits. A careful ad- 
herence to a judicious system has resulted in as perfect a condi- 
tion of bodily health, for these many y^^ars, as often falls to the 
lot of mortals. Few men enjoy life better ; few indeed suffer 
less of its aches or pains. And the secret is an open one — a 
plenty of hard work, plenty of plain wholesome food, sufficient 
sleep, reguhir time for sleep, food and labor, temperance, chas- 
tity and a good conscience. His idea of temperance is simple 
cold water, always and everywhere, nothing else : and the avoid- 
ance of tobacco, the use of which is not consistent with perfect 
health. In his childhood he enjoyed the advantages of the pub- 
lic schools, later of the High Schools. At nineteen he com- 
menced teaching, and has taught more ir less constantly till re- 
•cently; sometimes m the winter only, sometimes tlip year round. 
Thus engaged, he pursued a course of theology under Kev. Da- 
vis Brainerd, of Lynn, was licensed to preach the Gospel by the 
Middlesex Association (Congregational) of Connecticut, and Wiis 
ordained to the work of the ministry by a Council of the 
Chu]-ches. He has always been in the Sundav School; first 
when quite young as a pupil, afterward as a teacher, then for a 
dozen years as Superintendent. While in Coimecticut, before 
turning his attention to theology, he held several offices of hon- 
or, being Chairman of the Board of Assessors, Chairman of the 
Board of Selectmen, and School Committee to examine the 
teachers, visit the schools, and report on their condition and 
progress. He moved to North Carolina in October, 1869, going 
to Beaufort in the employ, and holding the commission of the 
American Missionary Association of ISTew York, as Superintend- 
ent of the Washburne Seminary, then numbering two hundred 
and fifty pupils and employing five teachers, four of whom were 
Northern ladies, highly intelligent and of fine culture. After 
two years he removed to his present place of residence at Wood- 
bridge, on the Atlantic & North Carolina Eailroad, about half 
way between New Berne and Morehead City. Since his resi- 
dence there, in addition to cultivating his farm, he has endeav- 
ored to increase the privileges and improve the condition of 
those around him. For this end he has erected a large and con.- 


venicnt building — undor tlic anspict'S of the Association before 
named — for school and chapel purposes, in which school is 
taught for eight months in the year, by well qualified teachers, 
(the present teacher being a graduate of Williams' College, 
Mass.) and religions services. Tie has also secured the establish- 
ment of a Post Ottice. He has twice been elected magistrate, and 
is now an incumbent by the appointment of t!ie Legislature. 
He was a member of the Board of Commissioners for the term 
of two years. Mr. Bull is a Republican, without being an ex- 
tremist or violent partisan. Since he came to North Carolina 
he has sought to identify himself with her interests, and to do 
so more and more from year to ye--tr. He has been here long 
enough to become pretty well acquainted with the condition of 
things in this commonwealth. Here are all his property in- 
terests, here is his farm, his family and liis iiome, and 'he 
claims to be as truly avf} fully a citizen of North Carolina 
as if he was to "the manor born." Was married the 24th 
of May, 1856, to Miiw ^Tn-tild i Penfield, of Saybrook, Conn., 
who was a faithful and atfectionate wife and mother, and 
who died after a year and two months, leaving one child, a 
daughter, then a year old, now engaged in business in Hart- 
ford, Conn. He was married the second time the 17th of 
March, 1859, to Jane Susan Pratt, of Weelbrook, Conn., by 
whom he has two sons, now nineteen and sixteen years old. 
— Republican. 




Born 16th November, 184-4, in Onslow county. Married IGth 
September, 1865, Miss Mary C. Wallace, of Onslow county. 
■Has been twice elected a magistrate. Elected to the Legisla- 
ture 1872-74. Re-elected in 1876, without opposition either 


time. Entered the Confederate service 1862, as private in com- 
pany H., 3d IST. 0. Cavalry — elected a Sergeant — and promoted 
to a Lieutenancy in 35tli Eegiment, but was prevented from 
joining this command in consequence of being captured near 
Greenville, jSi". C. AYas confined in prison till the close of the 
war, at Plymouth, ISTewbern, Fortress Monroe, Norfolk and 
Point Lookout. Was elected to his present seat in the Senate 
by a majority of 76'? votes. He is Chairman of Committee on 
Engrossed Bills, on Banks and Currency, and Fish and Fish- 
eries. He is a very intelligent and useful niiBniber. — Democrat. 




Born in Nash county, August 23rd, 1824. Educated at Bing- 
ham school. At the age of 17 commenced the study of law 
with the late Hon. B. F. Moore. Obtained county court license 
at 19 years of age ; Superior Court license at 20. Elected 
County Attorney of Nash at 20 years of age, and re-elected. 
Moved to Goldsboro in 1849. Elected County Attorney of 
Wayne. Elected to the Legislature from W^ayne 1852, and con- 
tinuously (except one session) until 1861. Elected Speaker of 
the House in 1860. Elected to the Confederate Senate in 1861, 
and served in that body during the war. Has held no office 
since the close of the war until the present session of the Legis- 
lature. Has devoted his attention since the close of the war to 
farming and the practice of law, doing probably the largest and 
most lucrative practice in the State. Tendered the office of 
Judge of the Superior Court by Governor Ellis in 1859, and 
declined. He is Chairman of the Judiciary Committee, and as 
such had many arduous duties to perform during the present 
session. He has occupied but very little time on the floor of 
the Senate in the way of speech-making, but when he does 


speak he always receives the attention of all within the range of 
his voice, for his argnaients arc always i)ointe(l|^ and conclusive 
and the force of which are always shown when the vote is taken. 
He is a man of fine personal appearance, excellent education 
and of superior legal ability. Tlicse combined with his other 
good qual'ties of head and heart have won for him the esteem 
of all the members, and lias given him quite an enviable infln- 
ence in the Senate Chamber. — 7~)'^mocrat. 



Born in Sampson county in the year 1821. Was educated in 
the old-fiield schools until 17 years old, at which age he entered 
the Grove Academy, preparatory for college. Subsequent to 
this he entered Chapel Hill but remained there only three 
months on account of failing health. In 1S13 he studied med- 
icine under Drs. Strong and Hall in Clinton. After this he 
was instructed in the Medical University at Philadelphia. Dur- 
ing the winters of 184:4-'45 he took the regular course of lec- 
tures. Married Miss Mary Oliver, of Duplin county, in June, 
1845. In 1^4:7 he returned to his native place near Taylor's 
Bridge, on the Six-Runs river, where the sand plains were 
fringed with the blooming jessemine vines as in the days of his 
boyhood. But farm life losing its charms he sold out in 1850 
and moved to Kenansville, the county town of Duplin, where 
he was engaged in merchandising for two years. But finding 
that he did not have a genial spirit for a ?iieculative life, he be- 
came thoroughly convinced that for hapiness and prosperity he 
would again have to enroll himself among the "horny handed 
sons of toil." So it was not long until hcAvas again comfortably 
located on another farm, and has been a hard laboring man 
ever since. He has raised five sons and three daughters. His 
oideot son, Vi'. R. Bryan, served two years during tiie war, but 
the subject of this sketch fought no battles except for bread and 


meat, and slied no blood except the blood of beasts. He was 
married tlie second time to Miss Kute Oliver in 1870. — Democrat. 




Born September 25th, 18-43. Attended common schools. Is a 
fcirmer; he also manufactures lumber. Married 11th Septem- 
ber, 1878, to Miss Elenora H. Newman, of Washington county. 
During the war he was Corporal of Com]3any '^B," 10th Eegi- 
ment, N. C. State Troops, and served from the 18th of June, 
1861, to the 25th of April, lbG5. In 1870 and '71 lie was Dep- 
uty Sheriff of Greene county. In 1874 and '75 he was a County 
Commissioner, and elected to the ITons:! of Representatives for 
the term of 1876-'77, and elected to his jiresent seat in the Sen- 
ate by a majority of 249 votes. — Republican. 



scott's hill, PEXDER COUXTY, X. c. 

Born in Sampson county, N. C, Jan. 22d, 1827. Was edu- 
cated at Donaldson Academy, at Fayetteville, and at the L^ni- 
Tersity of North Carolina. Studied law nnder Chief Justice 
Pearson, and obtained a license to practice law. Practiced law 
two years. Edited the North Carolinian, a Democratic newspa- 
per publishe-d at Fayetteville, three years. Retired npon a farm 
on the sea coast of New Hanover, (now Pender county) where he 
has lived ever since. In 1858 was a member of the House of 

Commons fi-om New Hanover. In 18'^8 was elected Senator from 
the Senatorial District composed of New Hanover and Pender. 
Married Feb. 10th, 1851. to Miss Susan Lofton, of New Hano- 
ver, by whom he has five children. He is a very efficient and 
wortliy membei'. — Democrat. 



SMiTiivju-i:, iJiu'xswicK cou>;ty, x. c. 

l!o)'n i)i BUiden county, ]\Iay 15th, IS^'J. Moved to Bruns- 
wick county at two yeai's of age. ]\Iai'ried Sojit. 1st, l^i5^', 
Miss Charlotte McKeitiicn, of Brunswick, by wliotn he ]jas had 
five children. "Wa.-^ appointed Clerk of the Court of that countv 
in 1853, and elected to the sumv cffice by the Whig partv in 
1854. Head law under C'ol. George Worthani, ol: Granville 
count}', and began the practijj of the proffs-iion in 1857. Has 
been a practical surveyor since 1857. In the yen- 1856 he emi- 
grated to Greenville, Ala. I'racticerl hiw in that p ace until the 
beginning of the '^iw. Jo'ued the ConlVd-.-rate aim/ Jan. 10th. 
18G1, becoming a memliei of an independent e mp ny. <;reen- 
ville (Ala.) (Juards. Was with the command wlien the Pensa- 
cola Xavy Yard wis seized, driving the Felcja f rces into 
Fort Pickens. I'henee orderuil lo Uichmond, ^';>. Ainv d at 
YorktownJune 13th. 1 ^1. Acted as "^nd Sorgaa t, and was 
serio-isly wounded in a charge at (iaine's ^lills, in (Jen. Lm;.- 
street's old Division, sth Al iba-na U'".;itnent. iijina'ned iu s>:- 
vice until tlucloicof tlie war. After the clo:e of tin- M'ar ho 
again located in Br inswick c-ouuty and coutinuxl the practice 
of his profession until the }ear 1870. Was elected liegister of 
Deeds in 1870, Elected to the present Senate by a majoritv of 
-395, He is Ivery quiet but one of the most attentive and earn- 
'Gst members in the Senate. — Pepublican. 





Born in Sampson county, Dec. Gth, 1823. Received only a 
common school education. Acted as magistrate for twenty years 
before aKd during the war, and was elected once since the war.. 
Married in 1867 to Mrs. Martha Jackson, and has two children 
living. By occupation he is a farmer. In politics previous to 
the war he was a Democrat, but when the secession question 
came wp he took a stand for the Union, and was during the 
whole war a peace man. Since 1865, though not a strict party 
man, he has generally voted and affiliated with the Republican 
party. Was elected to his present seat by eighty majority, while 
the Democratic majority in that District has previously been 
from four to five hundred. He serves on Committees: En- 
grossed Bills, Insane Asylum, Banks and Currency, and Special 
Committee to investigate Lieut. Gov. Robinson. — Republican. 




Born and raised in Robeson county. Educated at the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, and graduated with the class of 1859. 
He served two years in the Rebel Army. Was a member of 
company G., 24th Regiment, X. C. State Troops. He has 
served for four years as magistrate m his county. He was 
elected by a very large and complimentary vote, he receiving a 
majority of 3,100 votes. He is on Committees: Privileges and 
Elections, Education, Corporations, and Public Buildings and 
Grounds. He does not speak in the Senate very often, but when 


lie does, he always receives the attention of those who hear him. 
Eobeson county has a faithful Senator. — Democrat. 




Born May 20th, 1820, in that part of Cumherland county 
which is now Harnett. Never received the advantages of col- 
lege education. His ancestry came from Scotland. AVas mar- 
ried March 13tli, 1850, to Miss Hannah E. Armstrong, of Cum- 
l)erland county, by whom he lias had four children, one sonaad 
three daughters. He was a magistrate before and during the 
war. Was a warm supporter of the Southern cause. Been 
postmaster ever since 1841, with short intervals. He has al- 
ways been an ardent su^tporter of the Democratic party and 
scorns the very idea of sacrificing principle for money or 
position. This was fully illustrated in his case in the year 1808. 
He was elected that year to the House of Representatives, but 
on account of holding the position as post master during the 
war under the Confederate government, he was del)arred taking 
his seat, and the Reitublicans having a majority in the General 
Assembly prevented his disabilities being removed ; they, how- 
ever, proposed to him that if he would vote with them on cer- 
•tain measures that they would see that hcAvas permitted to take 
his seat. He replied : " I am worth but little, but the whole 
Radical party cannot 1)uy me. If these are your only terms you 
may declare my seat vacant." He was again elected to the 
House in 1870 by an increased vote and was thistim.e permitted 
to represent his county. Was elected to the present Senate by 
over 500 majority. He serves on the Committee of Engrossed 
Bills, and several other important committees. — Democrat. 





Born April 3rd, 1831, in Brunswick. A son of Maurico (^ 
"Waddell, Esq., of Cliatliam. Graduated at Chapel Hill, claa : 
of '52. Head law with Chief Justice Pearson, and obtained 
license in 1854. Married, February 24th, 1859, Miss 0. Wright, 
of Goldsboro, by whom he has one child living. Elected Clerk 
and Master in Equity in ISG'.^. Served until 1865, when he was. 
elected County Solicitor. Nominee of the Democrats for the 
Convention of 1868. Elected in 1870 to the Senate. Re-elected 
in 1874. Re-elected to the Senate of 1876-'77; and reelected 
to his present seat without opposition. He is a clear-minded,., 
patriotic and generous hearted gentleman, and makes a very; 
efficient member. — Democrat. 

eKtHteenth district. 


Born July 27th, 1846. Was educated at J. M. Lovejoy's: 
Academy in Raleigh and the Hillsboro Military Institute at 
Hillsboro. During the Avar he served in the army of Northern 
Virginia as Lieutenant in Company H, 3od N. C. Regiment uf 
N. C. State Troops, He ct^mmanded the right wing of a batery 
in the battle near Petersburg, Ya., on the 2nd of April, 18G5,.. 
and was captured and remained in Johnson's Island Prison until 
the close of the war. Studied law after the Avar and received 
his license to practice at the January term of the Supreme Court 
in 1869. Married Miss B. McC. Boylan July 18th, 1871. In. 
1876 the Democrats of Wake, recognizing his ability and popu- 


l;irity,iioniin;itoil liiiii hy acclamation fur tlic Senate ; he nuido 
a vigorous eanii<ai<iii, l)nl witli u Keiniblicau majority of GOO 
against liini the task seemed hopeless. However, he was defeated 
by only :5o votes. In 1878 the Democratic party, knowing tbut 
lie had developed considerable strength, again tendered hin^ the 
nomination for the Senate. After another close campaign he 
come out victorious, defeating his formidable opponent, M. A. 
Bledsoe, Es(|., an independent, by 45 votes. He serves on the 
Judiciary Committee, is Chairman on Salaries and Fees, and 
was Chairman of the Special Committee to Investigate the 
"Western North Carolina Railroad and the Westei-n Insane Asy- 
lum. As Chairman of the latter Committee he submitted ([uite 
an elaborate report cuncerning the workings and progress of the 
Eoad and Asylum. He is a young man of enviable talents, 
speaks well, and has taken a prominent part in nearly all the 
leading issues that have been before the Senate. — Democrat. 




Was born Se})tember lotli, IS-'jO. Married December 2Gtli, 
1854 to Miss Fannie Alston. Belongs to the Baptist Church. 
Studied for the ministry and received license to preach in the 
year 18G8, and was ordained as a minister in 1871. Has a farm, 
from which he has realized a good living for a number of years. 
He has been more indu.'^trions and consequently more successful 
than a great many of his race. But in accumulating wealth he 
did not forget to contribute to the cause of religion. In his 
community there is a very neat church which was built almost 
entirely l)y his fuiuh=. He is a leading meniber of the colored 
Baptist church in his section. For seven years he was president 
of Shiloh Association and is now Moderator of the Ministerial 
Board of that Association. He was elected to his present seat 
in the Senate by about ■?,000 majority. — TIe]>ublican. 





Born in Orange county (now Alamance} in February, 1809. 
Graduated at the State University, at Cha]>el Hill, with the 
class of 1832. He was married in the year 1837 to Miss Mary C. 
Yancey, daughter of Hon. Bartlett, of Caswell county. He 
moved to Caswell county from Alamance in the fall of 1865. Mr. 
Mebane has been in political life a great deal. His first term in 
the State Legislature was as a member of the House of Repre- 
sentatives from Orange county in the year 1842. For several 
years he continued to represent that county in the General As- 
sembly until 1850. During this time the subject of building 
the North Carolina Eailroad came up, and he was an ardent sup- 
porter of that great State enterprise, which has done so much 
towards developing the internal resources of the State. At that 
time there were five members from Orange county, and Mr. Meb- 
ane was the only one who voted for the appropriation; and when 
the time came he showed his interest in the road by taking a 
contract and building six miles of it through Orange county. 
He was director of this road for 18 years. In 1858 he was again 
a member of the House, and in 1861 was in the Secession Con- 
yention. He was in the Senate, and Speaker of that honorable 
body, from 1861 to 1865, during which time he was the Repre- 
sentative from Alamance and Randolph counties. Was a mem- 
ber of the "Andrew Johnson Convention" in 1865. He served 
many years as Chairman of the County Courts, (succeeded Judge 
Ruffin") and in many other ways very prominently served the 
people of his county. He now serves on the Committee of State 
Debt, and several others, and took a very decided part devising 
and mauiring plans to compromise and settle the State Debt, 
the bill with that end in view which passed the present General 
Assembly having received his ardent support. He is the oldest 
members of the Assembly, but still retains a large proportion of 
the energy and vitality of mind of his more youthful days. — 



"Wais born in the county of Caswell Dec. 8th, 18:^4. Still lives 
•where l)orn. His pcdioreo extends back some years — in fact so 
•far that but a few know or care anything about it. Ilis parents 
were in good circumstances in their later years. Were "poor 
though honest" in early life. Thev would have given young 
■George a good education, but be had lieard of ''wars and rumors 
of wars," and longed to follow to the field some "war-like lord." 
So, as he was a wild young buck and harsh and cruel teachers 
'Wished to dress him off, he demurred and turned the tables and 
the cruel teacher got tlu- licking. Consequently George went 
home feeling ])adly. His father told George to take his little 
hatchet and march oft" to the new ground, with instructions not 
to cut down any cherry frees, and, as he was impressed by read- 
ing that George Washington would not //e about cherry frees, he, 
following after liis great exemplar, did lie— {undcv the shade of the 
beautiful trees.) That did not please his stern father, so he 
whaled George. Thereupon the young man weakened. Soon 
thereafter tlie Mexican war came off, and George, being tired of 
his father's sfern realities, visited the foreign land of Mexico in 
chief command of Comi)any F., 1st Eeg't K. C. Volunteers, 
raised in his native county. He returned unwounded. Was 
married on tlie 4th day of March, 1853, in Xewton county, Ga., 
with (or to) Miss Marion W. Hill, who still lives to 
bless his old age as she adorned and rendered happy his younger 
years. George, soon after marriage, moved to Danville, Va., 
and merchandised, and by strict attention to business was rapid- 
ly accumulating a handsome loss. So he quif: removed to the 
old stamping ground and wtnt to farming. Then "rumors of 
wars" came. He buckled oii his old claymore, (is this spelt 
right ?) was appointed Major of the Eighth Xortk 
•Carolina State Troops, afterwards Lieut. Colonel 

( -^0 ) 

of the same, and achieved no distinction except having had the- 
honor of putting the present Chief Executive of the State 
through the double-quick. To the education there received no 
doubt Governor Jarvis is mainly indebted for the position he 
now so ably occupies. He returned from the wars unwcnnded, 
having been very lucky in avoiding all serious engagements 
where bullets flow about loose. In 1874 he was elected Senator 
from the 20th District. The people approved his course and re- 
elected him to the same position to the present session, where 
he is now^doing his level best to spend his per diem, and with 
every prospect of success. This notice of this distinguished Sen- 
ator may seem like flattery, but we are sure he knows nothing of 
how we obtained our facts, and no one will for a moment do him 
the injustice to suppose he "writ it." — Democrat. 




Was born in Granville c >uuty, April 2Tth, 1824. Was edu- 
cated at common schools of the count}'. Married Miss Marga- 
ret J., daughter of Hfirrison Parktr, Es'[., of Orange county. 
May 18th, 1849, by whom he lias four children living. During 
the war he served as Captain of Co npany A, 44th Eegiment, 
N. C. State Troops. He was by the side of the lamented^Col. 
Singletary when he fell at the battle o£ Jackson's Mills, Martin 
county, JN". C. By occupation he is a fMrmer, and is one of the 
finest tobacco growers in the State. As an evidence of his skill 
in raising tobacco, we will mention that in 1875 some of his to- 
bacco was sent to the Royal Chemist of England, at London, for 
analysis, and this great chemical export pronounced it the finest 
tobacco ever sent him from any part of the world. Tavo prom- 


iiu'iit fcatiiros of this tclxieco as sliown l)y tlio chemist's state- 
ment were its excellent liavor and the small quantity of nicotine. 
It contained only three per cent nicotine whPe the average 
amount in tobi cjo grown by others cor;tained from 12 to 1-i 
per cent. The present is tlie first session he has been to tho 
Legislature, but has four In'others who have represented the 
county of Granville from time to time in the different branches 
of the General Assemljly. Committees: State Debt, Corpora- 
tions, Agriculture, IJetrenchment and Kel'orm, Claims. A true 
and faithful member. — Democrat. 




Born July 18th, 183^1. Was i)repared for college under the 
late AV. J. Bingham at Oaks, Orange county, N. C. He grad- 
uated at the University of North Carolina with high distinction 
in 185G. AVas editor of tlie University Magazine during his 
senior year. After leaving College he entered the school room 
and taught very successfully until the beginning of the war. 
He was then at the head of a flourishing high school at Olin, 
Iredell county. The derangement of nearly every line of busi- 
ness caused by the hostilities between the States necessitated the 
suspension of the school. He then returned to Chatham, his 
naiive county. He was appointed Clerk and Master in E(|uity 
for Chatham, although that position was usually given to laAV- 
yers and was eagerly sought by several excellent members of the 
bar. This position he continued to fill with entire acceptability 
to the court and bar until the office was abolished. Since the 
war he was in charge of a school of high grade at Cary, AVake 
county, and then later, was in charge of the Academy at Pitts- 
boro. He was nuirried in ISGl to Miss Purviss, of Iredell 
(■ountv, a lady of great intellect and w^.i.h^ by whom he has 


six interesting children, and is now living quietly on his farm 
near Pittshoro in his native county. He holds his present posi- 
tion as Senator by a most flattering vote. Was nominated un- 
-expectedly and against his wishes, and in a county where the 
partiet are nearly equally divided he received over 700 votes 
more than hoth his competitors. Was one of the presiding 
Justices of the Inferior Court Avhen he received the nomination 
for the Senate. Was elected one of the Trustees of the State 
University during the present session of the General Assembly. 
By profession he is a Methodist and takes great interest in the 
Sunday School work. He now has charge of a Sunday School, 
and has made, at different times, addresses on the subject Avhich 
have been highly complimented. Diffident and distrustful of 
himself he seldom appears before the public, but this much may 
be said in his praise, he is most loved and esteemed by those 
w^ho know him best. He is Chairman of Joint Committee on 
the Library and serves on Committee on Education, Enrolled 
Bills, and Roads and Highways. He is a conscientious and 
faithful member — ever watching and guarding the interest of 
those he has the honor to represent. — Democrat. 




Was born April 7th, 1824. He received no collegiate course — 
"svas taught at the common schools of the county. On the 0th 
day of March, 1861, he married Miss M. L. Lash, daughter of 
Wm, A. Lash, Esq., a prominent citizen of Stokes county. 
Before the war he was magistrate for a number of years and 
served for some time as a member of the old county courts of 
Eockingham. In the year of 18(33 when our Southern territory 
was throated to be overrun by the powers of the North he made 
aip a company of thirty men and tendered service to the Con- 


federate army but was not received on acconnt of the size of the 
company. After this he aided materially in the collection of 
conscripts for the service. He had charge of the delivering of 
all darkies reqniredfrom Rockingham to ^Yilmington and other 
places — they being taken to those places to work on the fortifi- 
cations. Since the war he has been engaged in agricultural 
pursuits, merchandising and manufacturing tobacco. He now 
carries on an extensive manufacturing and mercantile business- 
at Leakesville, He is brother to Judge J. H. Dillard. — Dem- 




Born Xovember 5th, 1814, in Guilford county. He served 
in the Legislature many years ago, and has had considerable 
experience in public life. He is a great talker and has taken a 
prominent part in speech-making on nearly every bill that has 
been presented during the present session. — Democrat. 



Born in Rockingham, June 1, 1832. Graduated at Chapel 
Hill, class '53, Read law witli Chief Justice Pearson, and set- 
tled at Graham, ilarricd Miss Eftie II. Henderson, daughter 
of Col. A. Hendoi'son and grand-daughter of Chief Justice 
Henderson; has seven cbildren. Represented Ahimance in the 
House in 1857-58. Moved to Mississippi in February, 1801; 
enlisted in Confederate States army from tluit State and was 


"elected Captain; org-anizecl as part of SOtli Mississippi, of wliicli 
lie was elected Lieutenant-Colonel, and subsequently promoted 
t ) Colonel. Abounded and captured at Chicamauga ; impris- 
oned on Johnson's Island, in wretched health until June 25th. 
18G5. After the Avar resumed practice of law at Greensboro in 
copartnership with his brother, Gen. Alfred M. Scales. Col. 
Scales comes of patriotic stock. Of his family six lirothers and 
three brothers in-law entered the army, and three of the former 
and one of the latter perished, by wounds on the battle field, 
or exposure in camp. Senator Scales is among the most intel- 
ligent and liighly esteemed gentlemen in the Legislature. He 
has been in ])ublic life a great deal and has always proved him- 
self true to the trust imposed in him. He was made a magis- 
trate when only about 21 years old. AVas memlier of the Sen- 
ate of 18? 6-' 7 7, and elected to the present Senate in ISTS, he 
leading the ticket in his district. Committees : Judiciary, 
Chairman Eetre.icliment and Reform, Eidings of Judges, and 
was Chairman of Education, but resigned. — Democrat. 




AVas born June 1st, 1829, in Moore county. Received his 
education at Carthage Institute. Married Miss Margaret A. 
Seawell on the 13th day of April, 1869. He entered the array 
as a Lieutenant in Company C, 35th Regiment of K. C. S. T, 
After the battle at New Berne he was made Captain of Compa- 
ny C, 49th Regiment, under Col. Ramseur. Since the war he 
has been engaged in farming the greater part of his time. He 
was elected to the House of Representatives for the session of 
l-864-'05, and re-elected to the session of 1866-'67. In 1875 he 
"Was a member to the Constitutional Couvention. AA-'as elected 

to his present soat in the Senate by a majority of 250 votes. lie 
serves on several comniittees, and is a very quiet but attentive 
member. — Kepublican. 




Born in Montgomery county, April 1st, 1830. Scliool advan- 
tages limited. In liis early boyhood he served an apprentice- 
ship as house carpenter. ]\roved to ]\rissis^ippi in th<' year 1857. 
A'oluuteered and joined the Confederate service -r's a private 
member in company C. '-Crenada Rifles," of Grenada, Miss. 
His Ompany joined the J5rh Miss. Regiment at Corinth, 'rom 
thence was ordered to KiU)Xv:llo, East Tenn. At this place he 
joined General Zollicoffer's Brigade. "Was in the memorable 
Cumberland (iaj) Campaign. Was with Gen^-al Zollicoffer 
when he fell at Mill Springs, Ky. After this battle he returned 
to Corinth. After the battle of Shiloh was transferred to Gen- 
-eral Breckenridge's Division. Was at the first bombardment of 
Vicksburg. Was discharged from service on account of hemor- 
rhage of the lungs. He returned then to ^Montgonifry county, 
the place of his nativity; but as soon as his health would ])er- 
mit he again joined the service ir. North Carolina, and contin- 
ued with the army until the surrendor in 1865. He married 
Mary Jane Andrews, by whom lie has six children. He was a 
candidate for the Legislature in 18G5, but was defeated by a 
small majority. Was nominated by his party as a delegate 
to the Constitutional Convention of 1808 and elected by 235 
majority. Was eleected to the Legislature of 18G9-*70 by 400 
majority, and elected to the present Senate by 317 majority. 
He serves on the committees on Finance and Library. He has 
served in his county as Justice of the Peace for 10 years. 


Governor Holden appointed liim in 18G9 as one of the Trus- 
tees of the State University, and at the same time was ap- 
pointed as the State's proxy for the AVestern Railroad. Since 
then he has been a Director on said road. — Republican. 




Born in Anson county (now Union) May 8th, 1818. Re- 
ceived a limited education at the common schools in the 
county. Was raised a farm boy and has been engaged in 
farming all his life. But a great deal of his time has been 
spent in trading and looking after his manufacturing interest. 
He, like the majority of the young men, was very fond of 
the young ladies during his boyhood and the early days of his 
manhood, and as an evidence of such association he "took to 
himself a wife" when only twenty years of age. On the loth 
dav of Aprii, 1838, he selected from the large array of beau- 
tiful young ladies of Anson county, Miss Hester Curlce, with 
whom he lived ten years. On the 19th day of March, 1848 the 
cruel hand of death separated them. Knowing the consola- 
tion of having a good lady to "divide his sorrows and share 
his joys," he again married on the 4th day of June, 1848. 
His choice this time was Miss Martha B. Griffin, with whom 
he is still happily living. In public life he has had a good 
share of experience. For 12 years he served the good citizens 
of Union as Sheriff, and this is his third term to the State Leg- 
islature. He was elected to the House of Representatives in 
18G4 and re-elected to the House in 187G, and was elected to his 
present seat in the Senate by over 2,000 majority. He serves on 
the following committees: Military Affairs, Salaries and Fees, 
and Deaf Dumb and Blind Institute. He is a jovial old gentle- 
man, always says what he thinks,, and generally thinks right. 

( '« ) 

\{(} speaks yftcn in tie Senate, ant^ ;e]dom misses tl:e mark. 





Ikirn in Rowan county, June loth, 1825. All the education 
he received was by his oavu eiforts and principally at home. 
]\Iarried Miss Marinda Hal', of Montgomery county, August 1846» 
She died in November 18G3. Was married the second time, June 
1st, 1805, to Mrs. Mary Ann Fesperman, of Stanly county, 
lias eight children — six girls and two boys. Before the war he 
was Captain of a Militia Company — during the war he served in 
the Home Guard under command of Maj. Ilahn, and was sta- 
tioned below Wilmington. By occupation he is a farmer. In 
1S(;5 he' was elected Superior Court Clerk of Stanly county, 
Avhich position he has held ever since, and was elected every 
term by an increased majority. Was elected to his present seat 
in the Senate by a very complimentary vote. He is a very quiet 
but conscientious and careful representative. Committees: In- 
sane Asylum. Engrossed Bills, and Insnraiicc. — Democrat. 




Was born at Kosedale, in Mecklenburg county, nine miles 
from Cluirktte, Dec. 8th, lS4t». He graduated at the Univer- 


sity <ol North Carolina with the class of June 18G0. He entered 
the Confederate service as a private in Company B., 1st Regi- 
ment N. C. State Troops, on the 15th of April, 1861. His Com- 
pany was the well and favorably known "Hornet's Nest Rifle- 
men. He served with the 28tli Regiment from September, 1861, 
to April, 1862." He was then elected 1st Lieutenant of Compa- 
ny K., 42d Regiment, and in June was elected Captain of the 
same Company and served in Virginia until December 1864, 
when Hoke's Division was ordered to North Carolina. Dur- 
ing the latter part of the war he served as Inspector General of 
of Hoke's Division. After the hostilities between the States 
ceased he settled down to farming, and to-day is one of the most 
successful farmers iu Mecklenburg county. In this occupation 
lie takes much interest, and is one of the few model farmers of 
Western Carolina. In 1876 he was elected a member of the Execu- 
tive Committee of the State Grange Patrons of Husbandry, and 
iu 1877 was elected Master of the State Grange, and ex-oflScio 
member of the Scate Board of Agriculture. He was married in 
June, 1872, to Miss Nicholson, of Halifax county, N. C. Was 
elected to his present seat in the State Senate without opposi- 
tion. He is Chairman of the Committee on Agriculture, Sta- 
tistics and Mining, and serves on Education and Public Roads. 
He is one of of the clearest- headed members in the Senate and 
is the ablest representative of the farming interest in the Gener- 
al Assembly. One of the best members. — Democrat. 




Born in Rowan county, Jan. 6th, ,1846. Educated at Dr. 
Wilson^'s School and at Chapel Hill. Read law under Chief Jus- 
tice Pearson, and obtained license to practice at the June term 


18GC. Married .Miss Elizabeth B. Cain, of Asaevillc, by wliom 
he has two childroa. lie entered the Confederate service when 
only 18 years old, aud served from 1804 to the close of tlie war. 
lie was a member of Company B., lOtli X. C. S. T. His first 
api^earance in political life was as a candidate of the Constitu- 
tional Convention of 1871, to which he was elected, though the 
Convention was never held. In 18T2 he declined the nomina- 
tion for a seat in the Legislature. He was elected to the Con- 
vention of 1ST8, and took a leading part in the proceedings 
of that body. He was elected to the House of Repiesentatives 
for the session of 1876-'??, aud again showed himself to be a 
very valuable member. He is the author of the election law and 
many other important statutes passed at that session. He was 
elected to his present seat in the Senate by 451 majority over a 
Democrat opponent, John C. Ford, Esq., who ran in the campaign 
on the '^ farmer's ticket."' Mr. Henderson is a strong Democrat, 
but strange as it may seem.. r<ceived every colored vote cast at tlie 
Salisbury and MocKsville precincts. This was an unexpected 
and a very unusual compliment. Mr. II. has been one of the 
hardest working members of the present Assembly, and has done 
much towards shaping a large portion of the most important 
acts of the session. He ie the author of the bills, "defining the 
Criminal Jurisdiction of Juftices of the Peace," and "Prohibit- 
ing the removal of causes, except where the ends of justice ab- 
solutely require it," and of many other measures of public in- 
terest and importance. He is a memlier of the Judiciary Com- 
mittee, Chairman of Finance Committee, on Retrenchment and 
Reform, InLcrnal Improvement, and several others. He is su. 
werj wurthj, al)]eand influential member. — Democrat. 





Was born at Lansdowne, the old family home, in Riindolpb 
county, one mile from what is now Trinity Colleo-e, is abont 54 
years old; received an academical education in the neighborhood 
and at Greensboro, where he remained several years studying 
Latin, Grcbk and Mathematics; sUidied law with his brother, 
who died at an early as^e vfter having acquired much distinction 
as a lawyer. He removed to Lexington and commenced the 
practice of his profession, which became so lucrative thnt he had 
acquired a good estate before the war. He was elected to the 
House of Representatives first in 1848, and continued in the 
Legislature for ten years, during all of which rime he was a 
member of the Judiciary and also of the Internal Improvement 
Committees; taking an active part in all the leading measures 
during his term of office, and was particularly distinguished as 
a friend of Internal Improvements and the Common School 
System. In 1859 he was elected to the Congress of the United 
States as a Whig, in a very excited campaign, defeating Hon. 
Alfred M. Scales, a Democrat and the incumbent, although the 
district was largely Democratic. During his term in Congress 
of two years, he was a strong and devoted Union man, opposing 
secession, and advocating and voting for every measure and 
scheme that had for its object the perpetuation of the Union. 
Was canvassing for re-election when troops were called for by 
President Lincoln, when he returned home, raised a company of 
volunteers, and when the regiment was formed, was elected. 
L/t. Colonel. Was in the battles of Bnll Ran and Manassas; re- 
signed the next year; was elected by a large majority to the last 
Confederate Congress; was elected in 1865 to the State Senate, 
and re-elected two years thereafter, continuing, as before the 
war, the fast friend of Internal Improvements and Education — 
-liolding his former places on the Judiciary and Internal improve- 
-jnent Committees. He was elected as a Conservative to the 42d 


Congress of the United State^i from a district of more tlian 30U0 
Kepublifiin majority over the late (Jen. Wm. L. .Scott by a large 
majority, a native of Guilford county and a distinguished law- 
yer, who was his Ropublican competitor, and reelected to the 
43d Congress, iu a hard fought contest, defeating Judge Settle 
by a handsome majority. Before the close of the 43d Congress 
he published a circular declining further honors at the hands of 
the people. He was elected to the present Senate, and is Chair- 
man of the Committee on Federal Relations, and is a member of 
the Judiciary Committee. He takes an active part in the de- 
Oates of the Senate and is a liberal voter, maintaining his con- 
sistency in his advocacy of internal improvements, the support 
of the charitable institutions of the State and all measures that 
have for their object the promotion of the welfare and prosperi- 
ty of the whole people. He has never been defeated for office, 
though often running with large majorities against him. He 
has the reputation of being a wonderful electioneerer, and stands 
in the foremost ranks as an advocate in his profession and a 
stump speaker. As is seen iu the foregoing, he has served in 
three different Legislative bodies, and has been inpublic life now 
-34 years. His society is much sought after, because he is well 
read, remarkably social, geuiul in his nature and possessed of 
generous impulses, so that few men hive truer and warmer friends, 
many of whom predict for him yet higher honers— Democrat. 



Born ill Wayne county Xoveniber IGtli, 1850. Educated at 
Tuinity College, Graduated with the class of 18 ^3. Studied law 
in Raleigh under Judge Strong and Chief Justice Smith. Coai- 
l»leted his course iu law in live months, and received license to 
practice in January 18T4. During tlie same year he located ia 


Concord, Cabarrus county, and practiced his profession tliere 
for two years, he having formed a capartnership with W. J. 
Montgomery, Esq., now Solicitor of that Judicial District. He 
moved to Winston in May of 1877, at which place he has since 
resided and practiced his profession. Was elected to his present 
seat in the Senate as an Independent Republican by 605 mojority. 
This is his first appearance in political life and ho is taking quite 
a prominent, stand in his part}'. As an evidence of his popu- 
Inrit}', we will state that he was elected Chairman of the Eepub- 
lican caucus and received the complimentar}' vote of his party 
ior Lieutenant Governor. He serves on the foUownng commit- 
tees: Judiciary, Education, Military Affairs, and Retrenchment 
and Reform. He takes a consi)icuoiis part in the debates of the 
Senate, and having an active mind and a flow of language he 
always gets a good hearing — Republican. . 




Born in Greensboro Jul}' 19th, 1815. When quite young he 
moved to Mount Airy, Surry county, at which place he was 
educated and has ever since resided. His occupation was that 
of a farmer, merchant and mechanic. Married Miss Nannie M. 
Paine, of Rockingham county, by whom he has four children. 
In political life he has had considerable experience for a man of 
his age. In 1872 he was a candidate for the Senate against An- 
drew C. Cowles, Esq., and was defeated by 38 votes. Mr. Cowles' 
majority the year previous, however, was 1028. In 1874 he op- 
posed John G. Marl ow, Esq., for the Senate, and was defeated 
by 107 votes. In 1875 he ran as a candidate to represent Surry 
county in the Constitutional Convention, but his opponent, 
Joseph H. Dobson, Esq., was counted in by 10 votes majority _r. 
he, however, contested the seat in the Convention, butthatbody. 


udjourned without takiiit^ action in tlie matter. In 1^78 he wits 
an indepondont candidate for the Senate against Richmond Pear- 
son, Esq., and was elected by 357 majority. In the fall of the 
t^ame year he ran as an independent candidate against Col. If. 
F. Armficld for Congress in the 7th Congressional District, and 
reduced to a considerable extent the opi)osing majority in that 
District. He is a very quiet member, and votes according to 
his convictions of right regardless of party affiliations. Ho was 
the only Senator who voted for Hon. A. S. Merrimon forUnitetl 
States Senator, and was the only Uepublican who voted for Hon. 
J. L. Robinson for Lieutenant Governor. He serves on the 
Committees of Enrolled Bills and Internal ImprovcnK'nt. — Ro- 




IJorn in Iredell connty December 24th 181G. Married July 2oth, 
1S39, Miss Rebecca C. Nicholson, by whom he has five children, 
the oldest of whom, Mr. J. L. Nicholson, died in September 
1871. Up to ISn.S he had held the position of Magistrate 14 years. 
That year he was elected to rei)resent Iredell in the House of 
Representatives. Was re-elected in 1870. Elected to the Senate 
in 1872. Elected to the Constitutional Convention in 1875. Re- 
elected to the Senate in November 1870 by 1500 majority. Was 
re-elected to the Senate for 1870 without opposition. He is 
chairman of the Committee on Public Printing, and serves on 
committee of Engroseed Bills, and Cor})orations. He very sel- 
dom makes a speech Imt when he does speak he always says 
something of importance and his Avords have much weight with 
other members. He is one of the best and truest men in the 
Senate and eminently worthy the high com])liment shown him 
by his constituency in returning him to this place of trustso of- 


ten. He is a very faithful member to liis place of duty while the 
body is in session and very rarely lets any circumstance prevent 
Mm from recording his vote on every subject that is brought be- 
fore the Senate. In legislating he studies every point well be- 
fore acting. As a private citizens, Mr. Nichalson is a christian 
gentleman of unsurpassed qualities, and wields a great influence 
for good in the community in which he lives. He is now about 
63 years old, yet we trust that he will be spared many years 
longer to represent the good people of the noble old county of 
Iredell — Democrat. 



Was born in that part of Iredell county which is now Alex- 
iiuder, November 27th, 1830. His educational advantages were> 
limited to the common schools of the community in which he 
lived. During the early days of his boyhood he worked on the 
farm, making a crojD in the summer and attending school in the 
winter season. In March, 1819, he entered the store of Carson 
& Smith, of Taylorsville, as a clerk. This was one of tlie first 
stores established at the then new town. In 1852 he gave up 
this position and began the study of medicine. Tliough he de- 
voted some time in reading medicine he has never practiced any. 
In the year 1853 he located at Sugar Grove, Watauga county, 
^nd engaged in the mercantile business. On the first Thurs- 
day of August, 1857, he was elected Clerk of the County Court, 
which oflice beheld until 1859. Continued to mercliandise un- 
til the pressure of the war came upon the South — which caused 
him to suspend. After the war began at the time of the re- 
organization of the militia he was elected Major .of the 95tli reg- 
iment of miJitia. While in service with the Home Guard he 
was Lieutenant of Capt. Cook's company. March 1865 moved 
l^ack to Taylorsville and raised a crop that year. In the fall he 
was appointed Provisional Sh 'riff of Alexander county. When 


oivil county (,nnc"nmoiit was rcorgiuiized ho was olectod Kegis- 
ter of that county. In September, 18GG, was elected Sheriff and 
after serving out his time to the satisfaction of the citizens of 
rlie county, was re-elected in 18G8, but was banded by the 
'■ Howard Amendment," and did not ([ualify as Shcritf, thongli 
lie served as Dejjuty Sheriff until 1873. He merchandised in 
Taylorsville from 187:i to 1875. Been married twice and has 
oiglit children. AVas elected to present Senate without opposi- 
tion. He is a very quiet but a firm member. He serves on 
three Committees, viz : Deaf, Dumb and Blind Institute, Sala- 
ries and Fees, and Enrolled Bills. — Democrat. 




B()rn in Ashe county October loth, 182f). Received only a 
"common school education. Was raised a farmer boy and been 
engaged in farming ever since. His father and mothar botli 
died when he was only two years of age. When Alleghaney 
county was formed from Ashe in the year 1856 the new county 
included his home. That same year he was elected Sheriff — 
being the first person to fill that office in Alleghaney county. 
He served in that capacity for nine years. He then resigned 
•and moved to Ashe in 18G5, since which time he has been de- 
voting his time almost exclusively at farming and raising stock. 
He now has a very fine and extensive farm on the South Fork 
of New Biver, the green pastured fields of which extend from 
the rippling stream far up the rugged sides of the surrounding 
mountains. For some time he has given special attention to 
raising horses, cattle, sheep, goats and hogs. He is a true North 
Carolinian and takes pride in doing everything in his ]iowcr 
that will be conducive to her prosperity. To illustrate this he 
driv. s all 1 is luirses, cattle, tv., to thecastern \r,\\\ of tlicStati- 


to find a market instead of taking tliem out of the State. He 
is a Democrat by birth and a Baptist by profession. Was elected 
to the present Senate wit^^oiit opposition. He serves on the 
State Debt Committee, also on several other standing and special 
committees. He married Miss Salina Thompson, of Ashe coun- 
ty, Jnly lOth, 1851.— Democrat. 




Was born at Gilbert Town, in the county of Kutlierford, on 
the loth day of February, 181:5. Is the only son of Gen. John 
Gray Bynum, who for many years represented the county of 
Rutherford in the Legislature, and had much to do with mould- 
ing the legislation of the State. Mr. Bynum at the age of four 
years moved with his father to Columbia, S. C, Avliere he lived 
three years, then back to tlie county of Rutherfordton; in 18G5 
to Wilmington where his father died. He then, with his 
mother, moved to the county of Burke. During the early part 
of the war he served in the 71st North Carolina Regiment. In 
1864 he was on the North Carolina steamer '' Advance," the 
celebrated Blockade runner, and was captured on that vessel, 
and imprisoned in Ludlow Street jail, in the City of New Y^ork. 
After the war he studied law with Chief Justice Pearson, ob- 
tained his license in 1867, and settled in the town of Morgan- 
ton, wliere he has resided ever since. On the 21st day of Sep- 
tember, 1870, he was married toMissHennie E. Erwin, of Mor- 
ganton, N. C. Mr. Bynum is on the Judic'ary Connnittee, is 
Chairman of the Committee on the Insane Asylum, was Cbair- 
num of the C'cmmittee on Privileges and Elections, was also' 
Chctirman of the Joinst Select Committee to fix the ridings of 
Judges, and to arrange the number of employees in the two 
branches of the General Assembly and wages to be paid them. 


On the parr <>f the Cnnimitto on tlie Insuiio Asylum he filed a 
very elaborate report showing Avhere, in the management of that 
institution a saving of sSl 0,000 eould he annually save I to the 
iState. Mr. Bynum is a very active and e?u>rgetic member an(T 
a young man of decided ability. He has taken a i)rominent 
l)art in the discussion of many of the most im])ortant measures 
that has been before the Senate. — Democrat. 



Born in Morgan ton, Burke county. Wlieii lie was <piite young' 
his father purchased and moved to that beautiful place in 
.McDowell county, the Pleasant Gardens. lie graduated at 
Davidson College with the class of 185G. He read law with 
the late Chief Justice Pearson and obtained license to practice 
a short time before the war, and now practices in the courts of 
McDowell and adjacent counties. He was Solicitor for McDow- 
ell county for several years. His hrst experience in Legislative 
Halls was as a member of the House of Representives from 
McDowell for the session of 18?-!— "75. Was elected to his pres- 
ent seat in the Senate by a large majority. His Senatorial Dis- 
trict is composed of the counties of Burke, McDowell, Caldwell^ 
Mitchell and Yancey. Committees: Judiciary, Finance and 
Deaf, Dumb and Blind. He is always at his place in the Sen- 
ate and is a very vigilent member. — Democrat. 




Was born in Hillsboro, X. C. Dec. 2Gtli, ISo'.t; was lau-dit 
at the schools in his native town until Zwv.:, 1850, when he en- 


ed the Univerj^itj at Cliapc4 Hill, where ho remained until Jun- 
iiary, 1859, when he went to Princeton, N. J., and graduated 
in the class of 18G0. He settled in Lincoln county in 18G1, but 
entered the army with Orange county troops, and returned to 
Lincoln county immediately after the war and has since resided 
there. He was married in June, 18G3, to Miss Julia R., 
daughter of J. W. Lane, Esq., of Amelia county, Ya. , by whom 
he has five children living and two dead. Major 0. is a very 
jirominent member of the Baptist Church, and is at present the 
President of the State Convention of that religious denomina- 
tion. He entered the Confederate army as First Liutenant of 
Company K, 2d N. C. Cavalry, and served until wounded at 
Gettysburg, on July 3d, 1803. After which he was Assistant 
Adjutant General of North Carolina for remainder of the war. 
He Avas promoted to Captain in November, 1862. Was men- 
tioned for gallantry in General Orders from District Head(piar- 
ters for action in a fight at Faicen's, in .Jones county, N. C, and 
especially mentioned by IJegimental commander for conduct in 
the battle of Brandy Station, June 9th, 1863. His first appear- 
ance in political life Avas as a candidate for tlie Reconstrnction 
Convention in 1867, and was defeated. In 1874 he was elected 
to the Senate from his present District, embracing Lincoln and 
Catawba counties, receiving every vote cast. He took a prom- 
inent jiart in the proceedings of that body, and prehaps to no 
One in the State are the people more indebted for tlie Conven- 
tion of ]87o. By his instrumentality the Revenue law was so 
amended regarding stock in banks and other incorporated com- 
panies that the returns for this kind of property was increased 
from $590,000 to over $1,750,000. The only law to protect the 
people against imposition' by railroad companies is his work. 
He was again elected to State Senate in 1878 without opposi. 
lion. He is regarded as one of the leading members of the body 
and lacked on one ballot in the Democratic caucus only a few 
votes of being chosen Lieutenant Governor. He is regarded as 
the leader in measures to reduce the expenses of the government 
and lower taxation. He is a practical farmer and looks well to 
the interest of his profession in the Halls of the Legislature. 
He is Chairman of Committee on Penal Institutions, and mem- 


her of Committee on Finance, Agricultnre and Median ie and 
Mining. A close worker und active member. — Democrat. 




Was born in Lincolnton on the 3.5th day of September, 1830. 
Was edncated at Cokesbnrg Institute, S. C. By occupation he 
is a farmer and merchant. He has been twice married — first to 
Miss Emma R. Iliggins, of McDowell county. His second wife 
was Miss M. Ella Eound, of Lenoir, Caldwell county. At the 
beginning of the war he volunteered and served as a private in 
Company K, 1st N. C. Volnnteers, and was with this regiment 
in the memorable "first battle" of Bethel. When this regi- 
ment was recogniz-^d as the 11th N. C. State Troops he was 
elected Lieutenant in Company I, and served with this regiment 
tr the close of the war, in the brigade that became successively 
Pettigrews's, Kirkland's and McEae's, of Heth's Division, .3d 
Army Corps of Xorthern Virginia. He received three wounds 
at the battle of Gettysl)urg, and was also slightly wounded in 
the fearful struggle in the Wilderness. Was captured at Green 
Castle, Pa., but made his escape and returned to the Confed- 
erate lines the same. day. He was in command of Com])any I 
from the battle of Gettysburg to the hnal scene at Appomattox. 
He has never before been in public life. Was elected to his present 
seat in the Senate over a clever and talented gentleman by^.a 
majority of 2,202 votes, in a total vote of 3.834, lie is a very 
i|uict hut good working mcml)cr. Very prompt to his seat. Is 
Chairman of Committee on Banks and Currency, and serves on 
Salaries and Fees, Military Aifairs, Enrolled Bills and Educa- 
tion. — Democrat, 





Born June 3d, 18'3S. Educated iu Eutlierford cuuuty under 
Mr._.Frank I. Wilson. Was a merehant until 1862, opposed se- 
cession ard voted aoainst the Convention of 1861. Entered the 
Confederate service in March, 1862, as Captain and served until 
the surreadcr. Was wounded March 16cli, 1865, at Averjs- 
boro, N. C. Was elected County Court Clerk of Eutherford in 
1865 and served till 1868. Elected State Senator as a Kepubli- 
can from iii'theiford, Polk and Cleaveland in April, 1868. 
Was Assiscant United States Assessor for four years. Elected 
State Senator in August, 1878 by 400 majority, reversing a ma- 
jority of 400. Married Miss Johnnie Logan, daughter of lion. 
Gr. W. Logan, February 20th, 1866. Has six children. His 
wife is a graduate of Salem Female College. Committees: In- 
ternal Improvements, Salaries and Fees and Federal Relations, 
Joint Committee on employees of the General Assembly. Mr. 
E. is a nephew of Hon. John Baxter, of Knoxville, Tennessee, 
who is now a Judge of the United States Circuit Court ; and is 
a nephew of Ex-Gov. Elisha Baxter, of Arkansas.— Republican. 




"Was born near Waynesville, in the county of Haywood, 30th 
March, 1845. His parents removed to Cherokee county in 1846 
where they resided until 1863. Mr. D. was sent to the village 
schools in Murphy until the year 1860, when he became a pupil 
of Col. Stephen Lee at Asheville. In 1861 he Yolunteered in. 


the •'Buncombe Rifles," the first company oi'gani/.cd west of 
the Blue Ridge. In the winter of 18Gl-'62 he joined tlie 30th 
N. C. Regiment, commanded by Col. David Coleman, lie was 
soon made Sergeant Major of the regiment and served with it 
in the army of the west till 1803, in the campaign of Tennessee 
and Kentucky, when he was commissioned Aid-de-Camp on the 
staff of Gen. R. B. Vance. He filled the oliice of A. A. A. (r, 
in the military district, Western North Carolina, during the 
year of 1864 and until the close of war in 1865, taking an active 
part in the campaign in East Tennessee. At the close of the 
war he resumed his studies at Col. Lee's, and at the same time 
prosecuted the study of the law under the late Judge Bailey, 
lie was admitted to the bar of the Courts of Pleas and Quarter 
Sessions, at June Term, 1866, of the Supreme Court, and short- 
ly afterwards Avas elected Solicitor of Clay county. 1\\ 1867 he 
was admitted to the Superior Court bar, and soon formed a 
partnerohip with his father, the llou. A. T. Davidson, of Ashe- 
ville, which coniiimes V't. Mr. D. has taken an active interest 
in public affairs fur b.xeral years past. For six years he has 
been Chairman of the Demociatie County Executive Committee 
of Buncombe county, and for four years has been Chairman (tf 
the Democratic Executive Committee of the Eighth Cougress- 
ioual District. Until 1878 he declined to become a candidate 
for any political position. He was then nominated by acclama- 
tion, and at the polls defeated W. R. Trull, a Republican, and 
yi. J. Fagg, an independent. In November, 1866, he married 
Miss Stdlie K. Alexander, daughter of CajJt. A. M. Alexander, 
of French Broad, Buncombe county. Mr. D. is a very careful 
member — always voting intelligently on all subjects. Takes 
great interest in looking into measures of importance before the 
Senate. Buncombe has a good representative. He serves as 
Chairman on Committee of Corporations, and is a member of 
Internal Improvements, Judiciary and Special Committee on 
Railroads. — Democrat. 





Was born on JSTorth Mills river, in Buncombe connty, (now 
Henderson), January 8tb, 1829. Educated at the common 
scliools and academies of the comimiirity in v.hich he lived. His 
preceptors were James Patten, Wm. i\IcKay and A. T. Living- 
ston. Married the first time in 1849 to Miss Theresa E. McLain, 
of Henderson county. Second wife was Mrs. B. Y. Huggins, 
of Raleigh, to whom he was married May 17th, 1875. Seven 
children, four boys and three girls, by his first wife — none by 
the latter. His second wife, Mrs. Hnggins, was once Principal 
Matron at the Insane Asylum for seveial years and as such won 
quite an enviable reputation in the performance of the arduous 
duties of that office. Mr. Taylor by occupation is a farmer and 
trader. He has been identified with the county affairs of Hen- 
derson ever since it was established. Before and during the war 
he served a number of years as magistrate and was Chairman of 
the old County Courts. He was Sheriff and Deputy Sheriff of 
his county for sixteen years, and as such m-ide many warm 
friends in every section of the county. He was first elected to 
the General Assembl}^ of North Carolina as Senator for the ses- 
sion of 1874-'75, from the Senatorial District composed of Hen- 
derson, Transylvania and Haywood counties. Was the regular 
nominee of the Democratic party in 1878 and defeated three in- 
dependant Democrats and one straightout Republican by about 
800 majority. His regular opponent was Rev. John C. Carson, 
who was on the Republican State ticket in 1876 for Superin- 
tendent of Public Instruction. Mr. T. serves on the following 
Committees: Internal Improvements, Claims, and Propositions 
and Grievances. During the session I1.3 has been very attentive 
to the business before the Senate and ahvays considered matters 


[)roperly before acting. He rei)reseiit3 a noble constituency and 
they should feel justly proud of his watchfulness here, for no 
ctforts are spared to legislate for the interest of a people so de- 
pendent upon wise legislation to develop the internal resources 
of their section, one of the p'randcst in the old North State. — 
I )(!mocrat . 




Mr:F{ANEVrLLE, N. c. 

Was born in Orange county, May 28th, 1823. Educated at 
Caldwell Institute, Graham, N. C, and the State University. 
He graduated at Chapel Hill in the class of 1847, together with 
Rev. F. E. Skinner, Gen. M. W. Ransom, Gen. J. J. Pettigrew, 
and a number of other i:»rominent gentlemen . Married Septem- 
ber 8th, 1857, Miss Fannie, daughter of Maj. James Kerr, of 
Caswell county. Graduated in medicine at the University of 
Pennsylvania in March, 1850, and has been a regular and active 
practitioner ever since. This is the first time he ever appeared 
in i)olitics, always declining any political office. He is a watch- 
ful member. — Democrat. 





Born Jan. 19th, 1S22, in Jredell county, (now Alexander). 
Went to Madison, Morgan county, Ga., where he remained for 
seveial yeais, then returned to his native county. While in 
Georgia he clerked in a store, and read medicine under Dr. 
Oglesby. After returning to the "Tar Heel" State, he pursued 
his studies in Medicine under Dr. Caloway, of Wilkesboro. He 
attended Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, in 1847-'48. 
Married Miss D. P. Boyd, of Alexander county, in 1852. Was 
■Clerk and Master in Equity for 6 years. He has represented 
Alexander county in the General Assembly continuously since 
LSGl, except in 1SG8, when he was banded by an order from 
Gen. Sickles, and in 1876. He is a very quiet member, but al- 
'ways does his own thinking and votes intelligibly. — Democrat. 



GAP CIVIL, N. ('. 

Was born in Grayson county, Va., in 1839. Keceived the ru- 
diments of an education at the common schools of the vicinity 
— working on the farm in the summer and going to school in the 
winter. In 1856 went to Independence High School, then un- 
ler charge of Eev. Wm. M. Eobey, late President of Davenport 
Eemale College, Lenoir, N. C, and attended that school for ten 
months. When^only 19 years old he was elected to the office of 
Oommissioner of Eevenue for Grayson county, and served tAVO 
years. This was a well merrited compliment, for really the law 
required the person filling that place to be 21 years old, but the 


-question was not raised against him and he was aliowcd tu serve 
out his term. At the begiuning of the war lie entered ihe Con- 
federate service as 1st LicutenaijL of Com])any 1). Ijllh \'a. Cav- 
alry, and served in that capacity until August lb(Jo, at whicli 
time he was discharged on account of ill health. But it was 

,L)t lung until he was able for duty and was i)romoted to the 
rank of ^Major and assigned to the field Transportation Dejiart- 
racnt. Ill wliic-li capacity he served very acceptibly to the clobcof 
the war. In the year 1605 he settled in Alleghany county, read 
law, and since 18T0 has been a practicing lawyer in that and ad- 
jacent counties. Was elected lo the Constitutional Conventiou 
of 1875 without opposition. lie served in that body on the Leg- 
islative Department Committee, of which Hon, T. L. Clingman 
was Chairman, While in the Convention he introdueed and 
advocated an ordinance to abolish the Senate of North Carolina. 
Was elected to the House of liejiresentatives for the session of 
1S7G-'T7 by the largest vote ever cast for a rei)resentative from 
that county. Was again, contrary to his expressed will, nomi- 
nated for and elected, without o])position, to the House of llo])- 
resentatives in the })resent Legislature. He is a very active and 
working nuMuber and serves his constituency faithfully. He is 
Chairman of Committee on llailroads, &c., andm<>mberof Com- 
m.ittee on Public Printing, and the Judiciary Committee. He 
married Miss C. E. Lester, of Ivockingham county, M, C, and 
has four children. He serves on the Judiciary and several other 
Committees. Is Chairman of the House Democratic Caucus, 

Uo Chairman of the Joint Dim .eratic Caucus. During the 
session Mr. iloring was compelled to be absent a great deal of 
his time on account of sickness in his family, and to sujyply a 
want Mr. Vaughan was elected Speaker jro iem, by a unani- 
mous vote. He is a good jiiirlinuMitarian and inever\ way com- 
petent to preside over the ddib rations of the body. He is an 
earnest worker and a most excellent member. He rej. resents a 
solid constituencv', and the good citizens of Alleghany should 
feel proud that they have sueh a faithful reitresentative. By 
occupation he is a lawyer and fiirmer. He has a good run of 
practice aad I'uns a first-class farm, — Democrat. 





Born in Anson county June 2nd, 1850. Gniduuted at Trin- 
ity College with tlie class of 1873. Read laAv under Maj. 0. 
Dowd, of Charlotte, and received license to practice at 1 he June 
t^'rm of the Supreme Court in 1874. He located at AYadesboro, 
where he still resides. Married Feb. 6th, 1878, to Miss Lina, 
youngest daughter of Judge Ashe. Though young in years, he 
has seryed as Mayor of his town, which honor, however, was 
cou'l^erred upon him almost without bis knowledge. He never 
.sought political preferment, but the people of his county, recog- 
nizing his worth, nominated and elected him to bis present seat 
without the least solicitation on his part. He is an active and 
efficient member. — Democ]'at. 




Born in Wilkes county Feb. 20th, 1828. His educational ad- 
vantao-es were limited to those of the common schools of the 
community. Moved to Ashe county in 1852. In 1855 he mar- 
ried Miss Davis, of Mecklenburg county. In the Secession Con- 
tion of 1861 he represented Ashe and Alleghany, both counties 
then being entitled to only one member. During the war he 
served as commissioner to collect supplies for the army. Served 
as magistrate many years. By occupation he is a merchant and 
farmer, and in both lines of business he has been very successful. 
He was elected to his present seat without solicitation on his 
part, and had no opposition. He serves on Committees: Prop- 
ositions and Grievances, Public Buildings and Printing Com- 


mittee. He is a close thinker, and always cuusiders subjects 
carefully, and then does his own voting. — Democrat. 



FOKK !S\VA.\1I', X. (.'. 

liorn July 7th, 1840. Educated at common schools. Went- 
to Ilyde eounty in 1859 and began teaching, being but 19 years 
of of age. lie returned to his native county in 1860 and con- 
tinued to teach until the fall of 1861. He was elected Second 
Lieutenant, under Capt. Geo. "Waters, of the malitia, and re- 
mained a malitia officer during the war. In 1866 he purchased 
a farm and began agricultural pursuits, and has continued that 
•since. He was elected in 1878 to represent the counties of Beau- 
fort and Pamlico by a majority of 34L Married April 3d, 1873. 
Miss Virginia Allen, of Plymouth, Washington county, N. C, 
by whom lie has three children. — Republican. 



( 0].Ell.\IN'i:, N. < . 

Was born in Bertie eounty .July 17th, 1856. Attended Trin- 
ity College until he passed through the .Junior Class. Left 
rhere in 1874, and went to Washington Lee University, where 
he graduated with class of 1876. He was a candidate for the 
Legislature in the summer of 1876, but on account of the coun- 
ty being largely Republican he was defeated. But feeling that 
he was the exinuiciit of a [lartv tliat would linally ti'iuniph he. 

^ (54) 

ran again in 18'T8 and was elected over his negro opponent by 
600 majority. He is the tirst Democrat from Bertie county 
since the war, and is the youngest meml^er in the G-eneral As- 
sembly, he being only about 22 years old. It is a proud record 
that one so young should so gain the confidence and esteem of 
the people of the county as to be honored with such a place of 
trust. He serves on the Jndiciary and several other commit- 
tees. He is a brilliant speaker for his experience and has taken 
an active part in a great many of the prominent measures before 
the House. — Democrat. 




Born November 11th, 1839. Never went to school a day in- 
his life. What education he has attained was by applying 
himself during the spare moments from his work. Was 
bound out when only seven months old. He has been county 
commissioner four years and school commiosioner six years.. 
This is his second term to the House of Representatives. Mar- 
ried Mary Moriah Pittman Febrtiai'y 16th, 1868, and has seven 
children — only three living. He is on Committees: Agricul- 
ture and Claims. — Republican, (Col.) 




Born in Columbus county, Marcli 11th, 1848. His occupa- 
tion is that of a farmer and teacher. He raises large quantities 

( '^'^ ) 

of j»t'auuis, iimrkct fur wiiich he finds in Wilniin^'-ton and 
Charlesror. He l)c'.<ian ti-achinirwlK'n only IS years old and has" 
been teacliinir from rime to time ever since. He moved from 
Columbni? to Brunswick in December, 1875. Married Decem- 
ber 23d. 187"), to Miss Josephene Thomas, dauirhter of C^ 
Thomas, Es([. , of l^runswick. Was- elected to the House by a, 
small majority — that county formerly ])ein<:- Rei)uldiean. He 
serves on Committees: Internal Improvements, Immigration! 
and ^lilitary Affairs. A very careful and artentive member. — 



AsiiEvrrj.p:. k. c. 

Was l)nrn in .Uadison county, February "-irth, 18+8. Early 
in life he was under the instruction of that favoral)ly knowri 
teacher, Col. Lee, of Asheville; later he attended Cha])el Hill. 
He read law with Judge J. L. Baily, and received license to 
practice at the January term of 18G7. He was a gallant soldier 
during the war. Though he was very young when he entered 
service he Avas elected Ca[)tain of a company in the G4th Regi- 
ment. In 18G5 the yankees cai)tured him in East Tennessee, 
and after being confined in a number of different ])risons, he 
linally made his escai)e while being transferred from Indianapo- 
lis to Fort DelaAvare, l»y secreting himself under the railway 
platform at Jersey City. After many narrow escapes and in- 
teresting adventures he finally succeeding in making his way^ 
through the enemy's line, and joined his comnumd again. Mai-- 
ried Miss Susie Rawles, of Union, S. C, June 2(;th, 1877. He 
was a member of the House of Representatives for 187';-*77, and 
making a faithful and efticient member the good people of Bun- 
combe returned him here again to the present session. He is 
Chairman of Committee on Internal Improvement, Chairmaik 


of tlie House Itranch of the Democratic caucus, Chairman of 
Committee to investigate llailroad charters, second on Judiciary 
and serves on several otlier important committees. He has in- 
terested himself specially during the present session in promot- 
ing the railroad enterprises of his section, in enlarging the juris- 
diction of magistrates, and in other measures looking to reduc- 
tion of county expenses. He advocated strongly the bill to 
commute and settle the State debt. Mr. C. is high up on tlie 
list of substantial and influential members of the House and has 
by his labors done much in shaping valuable legislation during 
this session . — Democrat. 



Born November 15tli, ISo'i, in McMin county, Tenn. Edu- 
cated at Dr. Wilson's famous school in Alamance county, this 
State, and at Hiwassee College, Tennessee. Married Miss Har- 
rett N. Baird, of Buncombe county, February 2d, 1858, and has 
ten children living. Went into the war at the very beginning 
as l§t Lieutenant in the 1st Tennessee Kegimentof Cavalry, but 
on losing most of hib men and horses in an engagement with 
the enemy he resigned and raised another company and was 
made Senior Captain in the G2d Tennessee Eegiment, and much 
of the time commanded his regiment in the heroic defense our 
soldiers made in the siege of Vicksburg — where with ten days 
rations that gallant band successfully resisted and repulsed Gen, 
Orant with more tluin ten times their force and all the appli- 
ances of war that his heart could wish. After the exchange of 
the Vicksburg soldiers Captain A was assigned to duty in tlie 
department of West Virginia and Tennessee, and for the last 
3'ear of the war was commander of his regiment, although for 
some cause at Richmond his commission as Colonel was never 
issued. On the surrender of (len. Lee his (Vaughn's) and 
Morgan's Brigades made their way to Charlotte to join Presi- 
dent Davis, and in that retreat Ca])t. A. was assigned the im- 
}>ortant duly with liis regiment in dcfendiug tlie renr, and so 


well did ho perform liis duty that on their arrival at Charlotte 
he was personally conii)limeiited by President Davis. He wa« 
'^hcn assigned with his conima7id as a jiart of the escort of Pres- 
ident Davis in his efforts to reach the trans-Mississippi depart- 
ment and was Avith him till a few days before his eaptnre by the 
Federal forces in Georgia. At the close of the war Captain A. 
commenced the practice of law at As'^eville — not being allowed 
ro return to his home in Tennessee in conserpience of the reign 
of terror that ruled there under Brownlow's administration. He 
afterwards became the Editor of the Citizen^ and for several 
years his pajter was the only journal in that Congressional Dis- 
trict that u])held the cause of the Democratic party. Much of 
our great majority there now may doubtless be placed to his 
credit. He afterwards sold the Citizen and engaged in the fruit 
busmess near Asheville, and to-day has likely more reputation 
in that line than any man in the South, having taken the medal 
at the Centennial and other National fairs for the linest apples, 
and through his efforts North Caiolina is noted as the finest 
fruit growing section of the world. He led his ticket in 
the election last summer in Buncombe, and is one of the 
most industrious members of the House. He inaugurated the 
movement of Iietrenchment and Reform and thro"orh his un- 
ceasing efforts a large curtailment of the State's expenditures 
has been made — consequently a reduction of the taxes for the 
coming year. He is devoted to the intere^jts of his mountain 
country, and his ttforts in their behalf will be duly recognized 
')y an a])pi-eciating constituency. — Democrat. 


HAirrLKT'r ale.xandki? i'.kim;^. 

.M()l!<iA\l(tN, \ . ( . 

Was l)oi-n in I'ni-kc county Fcliniary Isi. ls;;o. |[is educa- 
tioual facilities were limited to the Iionn' cituntvN schools. Ij|<c 


many yonug men of the i)reseut day, he was not content wheu 
he grew np to manhood until he took a trip West. At the age 
of 22 he left the old North State for the gold regions of Cali- 
fornia, and on his way to and from the " great State of the 
West," he touched at and remained for some time at Havanah, 
Cuba ; Panama, on the Isthmus of Darian ; Aspenwall, Xew 
Orleans and several other noted places. In the year 1856 he 
became convinced that the great places of the South and West 
witli all their attractions could not furnish him a home with as 
much contentment as his native county, so he returned and en- 
gaged in agricultural })ursuits. Farming has been his chief oc- 
cujaation ever since he permanently located, though much of his 
time has been devoted to the manufacturing of iiour and lumber. 
He now has some good flouring and saw mills on his farm near 
Morganton, Soon after his return from the West he became 
firmly convinced that there was one thing needed to complete 
his happiness, so on the 2nd day of June, 1857, he led to the 
himenial alter Miss Mira A. Hennessee, of Burke county. He 
has been identified with the county affairs of Burke for a num- 
ber of years. In August l^iOO he Avas elected Sheriff of thr 
county and served his people in that oUce for ten years. Been 
county commissioner for some four or iive years. Was elected 
to his present seat in the House of j>epresentatives by 273 ma- 
jority. He IS a member of the Committee on salaries and Fees, 
and Counties, Towns and Cities. A Vfry attentive representa- 
tive — Democrat. 



CONCORD, i^r. c. 

The Repiesentative of Cabarrus county, W. H. Orchard, \va> 
born on the 9th day of April, 1825, in the county of Cornwall, 
England. Was placed at school in the year 1831, and remained 

( 5'.» ) 

:ir school until the year l.soS. The only teachings or system of 
education in the common Schools of the county at that time was 
from the Bihle and small hand dictionary, with writin<; and 
arithmetic. In the year 18;{8 he was i)laced at work at one of 
the deepest mines in Cornwall, and remained at work until the 
year 1S44, when he visited London for the purpose of gaining 
general information, returning to his home in the Avinter of that 
year. In the s})ring of 1845 he visited Duhlin, Ireland, for the 
))urpose of information. Left Dublin in May, 1845 for Xew 
Vork, and after a voyage of seven weeks and three days landed 
on the American slujrc on the 3d day of July, 1845. After a 
few weeks stay in the city of New York, he went back into 
Pennsylvania to Schuylkill county, known as the coal region. 
From the coal region, in the spring of 1847, he removed to 
Montgomery county, Pa., to the then newly opened copper 
mines at Shannonville. In the month of January, 1849, he 
married in Schuylkill county, Pa,, Elizabeth Fisher, who was 
born in Yorkshire, England, on the 28th day of May, 1827. 
Their only child living is one daughter, born in 1850, and mar- 
ried in 18G7 to Martin Boger, in Cabarrns county. He remained 
at Shannonville, Pa., until August, 1850. From there was sent 
to St. Lawrence county, >sew Y'ork, to superintend and manage 
the Lead Mines of the St. Lawrence Lead Mining (Jo. In the 
year 1852, at the October term of the Superior Court f.»r that 
county, held at Canton, he was duly natui'alized and made a cit- 
izen of the United States. In June, 1853, at the solicitation of 
many friends, was engaged to take the management of thePhce- 
nix (xold Mining Company's property in Cabarrus county, at 
which place he has continued to make his permanent home. 
although he has been engaged as superintendent of mines in 
Mccklenbuig and Guilford counties in this State, he accepted 
the Democratic doctrine as being the doctrine or political or- 
ganization most thoroughly adapted to the wants of a rei^ubli- 
can form of government. Since the year 1805 he has been en- 
gaged most of his time in agricultural pursuits. He serves on 
Committees: Corporations, State Debt, Eailroads, and is Chair- 
man of Hanks and Currencv. Avaluubk ;.umber. — Democrat. 




LENGIR, N. €. 

Was born at Clover Hill. Caldwell county, his old family 
liomestead, on April 15th, 1848. Was prepared for College at 
Bingham High School and at Finley High School. En- 
tered the University in 1864, which he left to join the 3d N. C. 
■Cavalry. Remained with his regiment as a private soldier until 
the surrender at Aj^pomatox. After the close of the war he re- 
turned to Chapel Hill, where he remained until the closing of 
the University under the administration of Gov. Holden. He 
then went to the University of A^irginia, remaining there one 
year. Upon his return home, in 1869, he was elected a Justice 
of the Peace. In 1870 he was chosen as the representative of 
his native county in the Legislature ; chosen again in 1872, and 
again in 1878, He has been for the last four years of his service 
Chairman of the Committee on Corporations, and is, besides, a 
member of the Committee on Judiciary, Deaf Dumb and Blind, 
and Chairman of the Committee on Rules of the House, and a 
member on Public Printing. Married Eugenia E., daughter of 
Maj. A. M. Lewis, of Raleigh, N. C, on the 29th of Octolier, 
1872. He is one of the most influential members of the House. 
He has quick perception and clear view of most questions that 
iirise, speaks well and takes a prominent part in the discus- 
sion of u great many issues before the House. — Democrat. 



SHli,OH, X, C. 

Born in Camden, May 27th, 1822, and is son of Silas Forbes, 
jSsq. Attended cominun schools. Married Feb. 1st. 1844, Miss 


:^lary, (laugliter of Tiilly :\r()iTisett, E^q. Has 9 child ron— only 
5 living, 4 boys and 1 nrirl. By (>ccupation he is a farmer. 
Hcon County Commissioner 2 years. Was appointed Magistrate 
under the Canby Government. AVas elected to liis present sear 
by 286 majority, Committes: Internal Improvements, Private 
Bills, Banks and Currency. — Democrat. 




JJurn .Man-h ;iMh, Js.J;^. Married July 10th, 1850, to Miss 
Mary C. Whitehurst, daughter of David iv. Whitchurst, Esq., 
who represented. Carteret county several years in the Legisla- 
ture. A merchant by occupation and conducts a very systematic 
business — never owing an account more than thirty days. Was 
elected on the first Board of County Commissioners in 1868, and 
re-elected in 1870, during which term he was Chairman. AVas 
again re-elected in. 1872. He served two years as Postmaster, 
ten years as Magistrate and two years as Commissioner of Wrecks. 
Was elected to the House of Eepresentatives for the session of 
1879 by 482 majority. He serves upon the Finance Committee, 
also Committee on Internal Improvement. — Democrat. 




Was born in Caswell county, X. C, on .July 22d, 1842. Edu~ 
Gated at Yanceyvillc Academy and Trinity College, X. C. En.- 


listed as private in Company A. 13th Reg't N. C. S. T,, in May., 
1861, and was discharged therefrom in July, 1SG2. Was ap- 
pointed by the Auditor of Public Accounts (Hon. S. F. Phillips) 
as clerk in that office in December, 1862, which position he ac- 
cepted and held until the latter part of 1863. Married August 
24th, 1863, to Miss Adeline H. Slade, of Caswell, who died z2d 
February, 1878. Mr. Harrison was Magistrate in Caswell for 
several years. Was elected Mayor of Milton in 1872, at which 
place he was then dealer in leaf tobacco. Elected to the House of 
Eepresentatives from Caswell in 1874, 1876 and again in 1878 
as an Indejiendent. Never attended a caucus of eitljer politi- 
cal party. He was the only member of the House Avho voted 
for Hon. A. S. Mcrrimon for U. S. Senator in January last. Is 
a member of the Committee on Ap})ointment of Magistrates, 
and also on Engrossed Bills. Mr. Harrison's father and grand- 
father boi-h represented Caswell county before him. Farmer by 
occupation. — Independent Repiiblieau. 


pitch's ST01?E, n. c. 

Born in Amelia county, Va., Aug. 1st, 1831. Came to North 
Carolina in 1855. Attended the common schools of Eichmond, 
Va. Married Miss Francis Kimbro, of Caswell county, in 1857. 
Has had 15 children — only 8 living. Been Magistrate 2 years. 
County Commissioner 2 years. Has taught school a great deal 
as an occupation. He was a member to the Constitutional Con- 
vention of 1868. Elected to the House for session "69-'70 and 
'74. Was in the Convention of 1875. In the House in 1876- 
'7*;^, and again in 1879. Was elected last time by 300 majority 
over tW'O opponents. Serves on the Committee of Education. — 
Eepublican (Col.). 





Was born in Halifax county, Va., Novemljcr ;24, lb'.U>. (irtid- 
iiated at Hampden Sydney College in 1854. Read law one ses- 
sion at the University of Virginia, and was reading la^v when 
the civil war began. Entered the Confederate army as a ])rivate 
April 24th, 1861, and commanded a battery of light artillery at 
Appomatox Court House, April !)th, 18C5. Married Cornelia 
J., daughter of the late N. N. Nixon, Esq., of Wilmington, N. 
C, June 25th, 18G8. In 1872 was the Democratic nominee for 
the Mrginia Senate from his native county, and although the 
Republican majority had been 1,500, he wa^ bcJiton Ijy less than 
oOO votes. In 1874 removed from Virginia to Wilmington, X. 
C, and thence after a i«.'-ivleiice of a few months to Catawba 
county, and resides near Hickory, of which county he was the 
Democratic nominee, aii.l as such elected to the present House 
of Representatives by a majority of 51() votes over the combined 
vote of his three compttitors. He serves on Committees : Ed- 
ucation, Public Debt, Joint Rules, is Chairman Private Bills, 
and was on the special committee of three to investigate the 
uKinagement of the Western Xorth Carolina Railroad and the 
Western Insane Asylum. Capt. Davis is a hard working and 
very intelligent member. To him is mainly due the saving of 
about S230,00U to the State in one instance during the present 
session. When the bill to adjust the State debt was before the 
committee, iie originated the clause which provides that the in- 
terest on the promised shall not begin until July 1st, 1880. 
This saves to the people of the State all the interest that would 
have accrued on the bonds for about eighteen months. He has 
liecn a very faithful member, and though this is his first term 
in the legislative halls he has made quite an enviable reputation. 
In reference to his course iu the present General Assembly tl^ 
leading Democratic organ in Eastern Carolina, the Wilmington 
Morning Star of March 1st, 187'J, has this to say : " Among the 


very ablest men iu either branch of the Legislature is the member 
of the House of Representatives from Catawba. As North Car- 
linians we have watched his course with pride and gratification. 
He has been the friend of every measure which tended to build 
up the great interests of the State. He has fought all jobs with 
unflincliing courage. He is chivalrous and brave as he is court- 
eous and kind. A finished scholar, an elegant orator, an accom- 
plished gentleman he well represents the people of his adopted 
county," — Democrat. 




Born January olst, 1835. He received only a common Eng- 
lish education. Occupation a farmer. Married Miss Eliza L. 
Watson, April 21st, 1855, by whom he has seven children. Was 
in Home Guard service during the war. He is a grandson of 
Col. William Golston, a noted soldier in days that are passed. 
Belongs to the Methodist church. Been surveyor of his county 
for eight years. Was nominated without his solicitation and 
elected by 500 majority over a Republican and an Independent. 
A good member. Committees : Internal Improvements and 
Finance. — Democrat. 




Born in Habbersham county, Ga., Sej^tember 15th, 1826. 
Educational advantages limited to the common schools. Mar- 

( 'i'^ ) 

ried Miss Ciithariiic Cuarloy, of Wilkes county, N. C, by whom 
]k' has had uiue children — live girls and four boys. Occupation 
a farmer. Gloved to Xorth Carolina in 1872. Was elected to 
his present seat in the House of Representatives by 40 majority. 
Serves on Committees of Pro]i()sitions and Grievances. — Repub- 




Born in Gates county in May 182;i. Left Gates when about 
IG years old and moved to Chowan, Attended common schools. 
Farmer. Married Miss Elizabeth Griffin first time — his second 
wife was Miss Elizabeth Smith, of Chowan. Both are now- 
dead. Six children. Been county commissioner six years. Was 
elected by 45 majority over three opponents. Serves on Com- 
tc'c of Penal Institutions. — Hcjuiblican. 

f'LAY f'or'NTV. 



AVas born in Haywood county (now Jackson) X. C, January 
lith, 1835. lie attended a few short sessions of schools at vari- 
ous times and places, but whatever education he may be in 
possession of is the result of casual hours of self study during 
rho vicisitudes of a rather border or frontier life. June 14th, 
1861, he entered as volunteer in the Confederate army. Was 
elected Captain of Comi)any A, 29th Regiment, X. ('. troops, 


Was ill several hot contpsted fields, among them the battle of 
.IStoues Kiver (Miiifrcesboro) 'J'ennessee, on 31st December, 
1862, which perhaps was a dtiy of as great mortality as any day 
of the war between the States. He was deputy sheriff before the 
war for two short jieriods. Eepreeented Clay county in the 
fleneral Assembly in tlio following years 1870- 71-'72-'73 and 
'74. He was dohgate to l!ie State Convention of 1875 and elect- 
ed to the Legislatnre again in 1878. He was mai-ried to Jose- 
phine S. Ketron June Gth, 18(J(J, and resides at Ilayesville, near 
where he was married, in Clay county. Committees: Chairman 
Committee on Immigiaiion, on Counties, Towns and Townships, 
Insane Asylum. He is h. very diligent member, and represents 
Jiis constitueney well. I'.y occupation lie is a farmer, merchant 
.aind stock raser. — IfHiaoernt. 


l.l^^WIS EDWAUi) rOWEPtS. 

SHKI.m, X. c. 

Born npar Norfolk, Va., March 24th, 1841. He moved with 
his iatlier, L. A. Powers, Esq., to Camden county, N. C, in 
1855. He entered Yadkin College, Davidfon county, in 1861, 
%nt during the s;;me year he volunteerf^d and entered the Con- 
iederate aimy. lie was a mcmlier of General Leach's Company, 
.und served through the war. Was in twenty-seven engagements, 
uid wounded severely two times, and slightly seven times. Mar- 
ried October 23rd, 1762, to Miss S. M. Elliott, of Cleaveland 
^county. Has four children. After the war located in Cleve- 
land and has been engaged in mechanical pursuits ever since. 
W^as opposed in the. late campaign by Eeuben McBrayer, Esq., 
and W. C. Durham. Was elected by 370 majority. Commit- 
tees : Propositions and Crievances, Enrolled Bills, Immigration 
-Gountv Covei-nment. — Democrat. 

( '- ) 


wiiriKvi i.i.i;, N". (. 

l*(ini XdNcmbi'i' C.tli, ]839. Ho attended the <ir<liiiMrv eouii- 
1 y sc-liools and the Acadcniyat Whiteville. Tlie war preventett 
iiiiu Ironi completing liis course of education. He eetered the 
Confederate service as Lientenant of Company 11. isth Kegi- 
ment, jST. C. troops, but was soon made Captain of Company C 
of the same regiment. He porved in the anny ol" Xoith' ni \'ir- 
ginia until May, 1864, during which month he was badly 
wounded at the battle of the Wilderness, while coniniainling 
the sharp shooters of Lane's Brigade. Inlhe month of August, 
lS(i4. he was elected Sheriif of Columbus county and re elected 
continuously until 1872 — he deehning to Fcrve in that eapacity 
any longer. The sunie ye a- he was el"cte I to the House of Kep- 
resentatives and has served as a memlier of the Ceneral A.-spm- 
bly ever since. During the whoh' time he has been a very val- 
uable member — occupying a promint-nt place on the most re- 
sponsible committees. He has bi en Chaiinian of Committees : 
Finance, Huernal Improvements and Corporations, and render- 
ed valuable fervice as a mcml)er of various other committees. 
It is very complimentary indeed that he should l)e ciiosen to 
serve his county so longAvilhout intermission — eiL:hi years as 
sheriif and seveu years as member to ti;e Ceneral Assembly, and 
it shows conclusively that he is a man of r^al worth an<l that the 
good peo] lie of hi • county ])roiieriy ajipreciate his al»ility. lie 
was elected in 1878 almost without opi)osition. He is a close 
thinker, a good worker and well merits the conlidem^c of Jiii 
■<3onstitue icv. — Democrat. 





W'iis born in Raleigh, Mareli 7th, 1850. He is u sou of Judge- 
^\. J. and Mrs. Ma)y Bayard Clarke. His mother is one of 
North Carolina's best female writers. He was educated at Da- 
vidson College. Was not old enough to enter service during 
the Avar, but near the close he was connected with the Quarter- 
master's Department. In the year 1866 he, with his father's 
family, left Raleigh and moved to Johnston county, and after 
residing there two yciirs took up his abode in Xewhcrne. For, 
three years he was a teacher in the New York Institute for the 
Deaf and Dumb. This was very complimentary for a gentle- 
man of his age to receive a position as teacher in such an insti- 
tution. While connected with this institution he was also en- 
oMoed in reading law. In ISTS he graduated at Columbia Col- 
leoe, a noted and very high grade law school, after which he re- 
turned to Newberne, and has been practicing at that place and 
Goldsboro ever since. His party recognizing his ability elected 
him to represent Craven county in the House of Representatives 
of the General Assembly for the session of 1876-77, and feeling 
that the honor w:is worthily bestowed re-elected him to the 
same position for the present session. He was elected by 1,700 
majority. He serves on the following Committees : Internal 
Improvements, Judiciary, State Debt, Enrolled Bills. Ridings 
of Judges and Military Affairs. — Republican. 



Was born in Craven county, hve miles from the city of New- 
berne, on the 17th May, 1844. Educated in Newberne. Was 
married March ^8th, 1878, and has two children (twins), and 
lit this writing only eight days old. Been Justice of the Peace 


•eight years, county coniini-ssiouer two yuuns, school committee- 
man two years, and dejiitty sheriff seven years. This is his first 
term in the Legishitnre. He was horn of free parents and has 
been right successful in his financial managements, for to-day 
he pays tax on about ^3,000 wortli of properly. — Kepublican, 




Is a native of Sampson county. Was born October :^8th, 181 1 . 
Moved to Cumberland county in the year 1831, but soon aftei"- 
wards moved to Georgia and remained there for two years. 
Then returned and settled iu Cumberland county. Was raised 
an orphan boy and, like a lar^re ])roportiou of that class of nn- 
fortuuate young men, bad almost no advantages to obtain an 
education. He, however, attended the old field schools and 
/studied by himself whenever he could get an opportunity from 
his daily labors. For about thirty years previous to and during 
the war he was engaged in carrying mails and contractor for 
various maillines tlirough the State. Tniswas in the times of 
slow transportation, wlu-n there were very few lines of railroad 
in the State, the mail being carried by stage. Since the war he 
has been engaged merchandising, distilling turpentine, and 
farming in the Cai)eFear District. He lias been a man of great 
energy, and even now in his old age is more vigorous and active 
iu any of his undertakings than many men who have not seen half 
the number of winters that he has. He married Miss Julia Ann 
Braddy, of Tarboio, on the 31st of December, 183'J. by whom 
he has three children. He is a member of the nnisonic fratern- 
ify and is a class-U'ider and ^xhorter in the 3Iethodist churcli. 
In times that are past he was a Henry Clay Whig i)at now alHI- 
iates with the Kepublican party. He first appeared in public. 


life as a member of the Convention in 1875. Was elected to the 
House of Representatives for the present session by 123 majori- 
ty. Committees : Agriculture, Eailroads and Postroads, Re- 
trenchment and Reform, and Public Buildings. — Republican. 



Born in Chatham county July, IGth, 1816. Moved to Fay- 
etteville in 1831. Married Miss Mary Francis, daughter of 
Rev. Jarvis Buxton. Had ten children but six are now dead. 
Was educated at the common schools. In addition to carrvinsr 
on an extensive mercantile business, he owns and runs a line of 
steamboats on the Cape Fear river from Fayetteville to Wil- 
mington. Has been running tlie-o boats for twenty years. Been 
magistrate twenty-five years, mayor of Fayetteville two years. 
Was elected to the House of Representatives in lSG(3-'67-'71-'72> 
1873-'74 and to the present House by 250 majority. Commit- 
tees : Internal Improvements and Insane Asylum. He has had 
much experience in legislative proceedings and business life 
generally, and is a very intelligent and well posted gentleman. — 




Was born in Currituck county on the 14th day of December. 
1835, and is 44 years old. He received a common school edu- 
cation, studied no profession, and is a ^armer by occupation. In 
1867 he was appointed a Justice of the P'eacj for his county, 
^ud has held that position ever since. In 1861 he was commis- 
jgioned Colonel of the militia of Currituck county, and after the 

f.'ill of liDHUokc Island in IXi'i'i was for some lini" in aclivo ser- 
vice with his eoniiiiand. After tilt' war returned to his duties 
on tlie furui and was successful. lu 180'^ was elected county 
connnissioner. Was elected by tlie Democratic party as a mem- 
ber of the House of Representatives in the years of 1870-'72^ 
1874 and again in 1878. Was never beaten, and liaving -i dee]*- 
seat in the afTectious of his })eople he can't be. In 18.")0 the- 
(■olonel was united in matrimony with Miss Sarah M. (iallop,. 
of his own county, and has six children living. Ho is one of 
the most popuhir men in his county, and the man has yet to- 
come who can carry a hirger vote than he can. Ah a represen- 
tative of his people, he is ever watci\ful of tlieir interests. 
Courteous, manly, dignified in his numners, and to his friends 
true, tried and confiding — to every one liberal to a fault — he is 
one of the best known, best liked, and among the most influen- 
tial members of the present House. In politics he is Demo- 
cratic to the bjickbone. Committees: Chairman of Committee- 
on Engrossed Bills, on Agriculture, Statistics and Mining. — 




Boi'u in Hyde county, March 14th, 18:!s. Educated at 'J'riri- 
ity College. Married Miss Cinthia Srowe, by whom he Inis five 
children living. Was elected County Commissioner in Hyde in 
18G8. Elected to the House from Dare county in 187'I. Re- 
elected to the present term by 12 majority. Cominitteees: En- 
rolled Bills and Fish Interest, By profession he is a school 
teacher. He is a very watchful but unol)trusive memljcr. — 





Born Sept. 27th, 1835. Common country education. Mar- 
ried Dec. 1847, to Miss Nancy J. Miller, daughter of Capt. Geo. 
Miller, of that county. For several years was Captain of the 
■Lexington Artillery, a uniform company that existed for several 
years before the war. Volunteered in May, '62, as 1st Lieut, of 
Co. A., 54th N. C. Reg't. Was promoted to Captain in '63. 
Captured at the battle of Rapahanock Station, Nov. 7th, '63. 
Taken to Washington Cit}^, then to Johnson's Island on Lake 
Erie, Ohio, where he remained until the surrender. Since the 
war he has been faroiing and merchandising. Been magistrate 
for several years. Was elected by a majority of 177. He is a 
very intelligent gentleman and makes a good member. — Demo- 


LEXINfiTOX, X. ('. 

Born in ]ian(lol})li county, Aug. I7lh, 1837. Educated at the 
free schools of the neighborhood. Married Miss Sarah J. Capi- 
ter, daughter of Micojah Capiter, Es<[., of Raudol})h county, 
Jan. 3rd, 1801. During the early part of the war he was 1st 
Lieutenant in Science Hill Company of Militia, and later was 
elected Cajitaiu of the detailed men of the 63rd Regiment. 
Moved to Davidson county in the year 1869, where he has re- 
sided ever since. His occupation is that of farming, tanning 
and trading. Deals largely in real e^-tate and leather. Was a 
candidate for a seat in the liCgislature in 1876 on the Re})ubli- 
•can ticket, and was defeated by 34 votes — he receiving, however, 
the largest vote ever cast in the county for one not elected. He 
was elected to his j)resent seat in the House of Re])resentatives 
bv a largo majority. He claims to l)e only a moderate nmu so 


fur as political lined aru concerned, ever looking to the interest 
of his constitneuts. Always casts his vote according to his con- 
victions of right, regardless of party affiliations. He is a mem- 
ber of the Committee on Privileges and elections. — Kepnljlican. 




Born Oct. 4th, 1837. Graduated at Chapel Hill with the 
class of 1858. Married Miss A. L. Douthit, danghter of Steph- 
en Doutliit, Esq., July IGth, 18G1. By profession he isaMeth- 
dist, and is a Steward in that church. In his community he is 
a man of considerable influence and of great value to iho.-e 
around him. He is Master of the Mvsonic Lodge at his place, 
also ll'gh Priest of the Chapter of Royal Arch Masons. By oc- 
cupation he is a merchant and farmer; he also does a consider- 
able business in the way of manufacturing flour and lumber at 
his grist and saAv mills. He never sought political preferment, 
l)ut when the party placed the nomination on him he felt that it 
was his duty to serve, and was ek'cted over an Independent by 
aliout '^OO Votes majority. Committees: Insane Asylum, Post 
lioads and Railroads. During the session he received the high 
honor of being elected a Trustee of the State University. Hi- 
intelligently and faithfully represents the good people of Davie, 
;ind never wastes the time of the House with unmeaning talk, 
liut casts his vote and inlhience with dipcrimiiuition. — Deiud- 





Born in Sampson county October 5tb, 1839. Occupation, a 
farmer and merchant. His educational advantages were limited 
to the common schools of the community — worked in the sum- 
mer and went to school in the winter. At the age of 21 years 
he entered the Confederate service. He was in Col. W. S. T^e- 
vanes' company, 61st Regiment, N. C. S. T. After serving for 
9 months he became physically disabled and was discharged from 
further army service. After remaining at home for some time his 
health became better and he again entered service as a volunteer 
in Capt . Taylor's company of heavy artillery. This was in 18G3, 
and the command with which he served was stationed below 
Wilmington. Again he was compelled to leave the camp life on 
account of rheuniat'sm. He then secured a situation on the 
Wilmington & Weldon Railroad, where he remained until hos- 
tilities ceased. In Mr. Colwcll is one of l)nt few cases where 
the rheumatism did not get well soon aftei" ihe war. He suffers 
much yet from this drca'le 1 dise ise. He lias liad but little to 
do with politics, but lias always Ijes'U a "'true blue" and uncom- 
promising Democrat, opposed to indepcn'lents and bolters in 
every form. In the nominating convention of 1878 he received 
189G out of 2100 votes, on the hrst ballot. This is his first term 
in the (reneral Assembly, Ijut he shows wisdom and ability in 
his acts that far surpasses s^me me a'lers of many years expe- 
rience in Legislative bodies. Committees: Public Roads, Fi- 
nance, Retrenchment and Reform. Is chairman of the first 
mentioned. He was married July SHi, 18(12, to Miss M, C. 
AVells. of Duplin county, by whom lie lias seven children, — 



Horn 111 Sam[iri()n county, Marcli 8th, 1827. Farmer. Mar- 
ried June 12tli, 1845, to Miss xVnn Math is, of Sampson. Moved 
to Du])lin county in 1858. Been magistrate 16 years. County 
Commissioner nearly 5 years. Member of County Court 2 years. 
Had eigJit children, 2 dead. Elected to his present seat in the 
House by 150 majority. Serves on Committees: Corporations, 
]jibrary. Private Bills, Salaries and Fees. A gentleman of much 
integrity and a sturdy member. — Democrat. 




Born March 15th, 1849. Attended the schools of Tarboro. 
Married Miss Kisiah AVimberly October 7th, 18G9 — four chil- 
dren living, one dead. He was a member of the School Com- 
mittee, but resigned to come to the Legislature. Was elected 
to his present seat by near 2,000 majority. Committees: Immi-^ 
gration, Salaries and Fees. — Republican, (col). 



Was born in Edgecombe county September 2Tth, 1840. Waa 
educated at, the Shaw L'^niversity in Raleigh. Was married 
April Gth, 18 «C, to Siddie Ann Bryant, of Edgecombe county, 
by whom he has one child. In public life he has served two 
years as Trustee of Swift Creek Township), at the expiration of 
which term he was elected, in 1870, as Countv Commissioner,. 


in which capacity he served two years. Was elected to his pres- 
ent seat in the House of Representatives by about 3300 votes 
majority. He is on committees: Propositions and Grievances, 
and Counties, Towns and Townships. — Republican. 




Mr. Cooke is one of the most accomplished, useful and popu- 
lar members of the House of Representatives. He is regarded, 
indeed, as one of the leaders of the Democratic party in that 
branch of the General Assembly, and it is but just to say that 
his qualities of head and heart admirably qualify him for that 
honorable position. Mr. Cooke was born in Franklin county 
in 1844, and is, therefore, near thirty-five years old. His fath- 
er, Capt. Jones Cooke, was a gentleman of worth, and generally 
respected by all who knew him. The maiden name of his 
mother, who Avas of Northern birth, was Jane A. Kinsbury. 
Mr. Cooke was fitted for college at the Louisburg Academy by 
M. S. Davis, and entered Wake Forest College in 18G0. He 
'Was not permitted to graduate, for the war having begun, ^he 
volunteered at the end of the Sophomore year. For a time he 
served as Lieutenant of infantry, Init at the close of the war 
was acting as Adjutant of the 55th N. C. Regiment, Cooke's 
Brigade. He was severely wounded in the last battles around 
Richmond and Petersburg, and was captured by the Federal 
troops when Richmond fell into their hands. At the close of 
the war he labored on his father's farm and read law with Col. 
W. F. Green. Obtaining license to practice in the County and 
Superior Courts in January 18G7-'(;8, he settled at Louisburg, 
the capitol of his count}', and has since devoted himself Avith 
great earnestness and success to the practice of his i)rofession. 
He is at present the ]aw-])artner of the Hon. Joseph Davis, 

member of Congress from the Metropolitan District, lie was 
clioseu to represent his Senatorial District in 1874: in the Gene- 
ral Assembly, and in February, 1877, he was appointed by Gov. 
A'ance, Solicitor of the Gth Judicial District. In 18G8, Mr. 
Cooke married Miss liettie Person, and thus strengthened his 
iniiuence by alliance with an old and honorable family. Mr. 
Cooke is a good lawyer, an able, effective and popular sjieaker; 
his personal appearance is commanding ; his manners arc bland, 
genial, and cordial in a high degree; his temper is amiable, his 
disposition generous,, and his character of spotless purity. 
When to these good qualities we add his resemblage of human 
nature, and his skill in managing men, we are not surprised at 
his extraordinary personal popularity, and may well regard him 
with pride and hope as one of the coming men of the State. 
He is already, next to his partner, the amiable and excellent 
" Jos. Davis," the most popular man in all his section of the 
State. Mr. Cooke is a professing christian, having been for a 
number of years a consistent member of the Baptist church. 
He is the Supeiintendent of the Sunday-School of his church, 
and a hearty and liberal supporter of all benevolent enterprises. 
He is a man in moderate circumstances, and yet he gave, two 
years ago, one thousand dollars towards the erection of a Bap- 
tist Church in the village where he lives. He is a Trustee of 
Wake Forest College, and the esteem in which he is held as a 
christian gentleman by the i^eople of his own communion was 
shown hy the fact, that he was called to preside over the Baptist 
State Convention at its session held in Kaleigh throe years ago. 
— Democrat. 




l)orn in the town of Ivenansville, Forcyth cnuniy, Jan. "iUtli^ 
184"-^. His father was then a merchant, ihe junior partner of 


the firm of Hunt & Lowrr-y, the first firm that ever done busi- 
ness of the kind in the place. When less tlian two years old 
lie moved with his father's family to a farm three miles from 
town, where he was brought uji a farmer's boy. He attended 
the common schools of the community, and als» Kenansville 
High School, Was in the service of the Confederate States for 
three years. In the fall of 1865 he married Miss Laura F. 
Flint, of Forsyth county, by whom he has five children. In 
the fall of 1876 he moved to a farm six miles from the flourish- 
ing town of Winston, where he has been engaged ever since in 
milling and agricultural pursuits. In public life he has served 
eight years as a magistrat^^e ; was elected to his present seat in 
the House by 203 majority. Committees: Finance, Mi1i<-ary 
Affairs, and County Government. — Ke])ublican. 




Barn in Lincoln county (now Gaston) Nov. 1st, 18^3. His 
father died when he was only lO^and left him theeldestfof seven 
children, upon whom all responsibilities of the management for the 
family fell. Married Miss E. A. Arrowood, February 1st, 1848. 
Second wife was Miss Eliza E. Fioneberger,.to whom he was 
married November 13th, 1877. B«en magistrate seven years. 
Was member board of county court one term. Was Democratic 
nominee in 1868, but defeated. August 3rd, 1868, he was 
burned out of home by the'Union League. He was elected to 
his present seat by 174 majority over very formadible opposi- 
tion. He is member Committees : Agriculture and Private 
Bills. He is a very attentive member, and has uncompromising 
faith in the Democratic party, "which, we think, will grow no 
less even though he live to the age of Mathuslah. — Democrat. 




(4ATLIN<4TOIs, N. C. 

Was l»()i-ii near Kc} noldson, (Jates county, N. C, .January 
l!Stli, 1843, and is 30 years of age. He was educated at tJie 
Reynoldsou Academy, then known as Chowan College, studied 
no profession. Is a farmer by occupation. Left scliool at the 
age of eighteen years, and enlisted in the " State Guards," 
the first military company raised in the county, and among the 
first raised in the State. This company was assigned as com- 
pany "B," to the 5th Kegiment of N. C. State troops, which 
enlisted, from the outset, for the war, and was at first com- 
manded by Col. D. K. McRae. On the i2\h of May, 186;;^, he 
was promoted to the position of IJegimental St rgeant Major, by 
order of Col. McRae, and jtniained at the Colonel's Iltadquar- 
ters acting as scci' tarv for iiim. In the early part of 1863 was 
promoted to be Second ijieutenant of Company G, of the oth 
Regiment, and as such commanded his company through some 
of the hottest battles of the war — the Captain, J. M. Taylor, be- 
ing absent, wounded, and the First Lieutenant a prisoner of 
war. In 18(34 was made Acting Adjutant of the regiment and 
in this capacity served until the 19th day of September, 1804, 
when in the desperate and disastrous battle fought between Gen. 
Juljal Early's army and that of Gen. Phil, Sheridan, upon the 
bloody heights of Winchester, Va., he was taken prisoner of 
uar in company with some six hundred others. After his cap- 
ture was taken to the Fort Delaware Military Prison, and there 
ke})t nine months and until after the war. He was engaged in 
all the great battles of the late war, in which his regiment touk 
part, up to the date of his capture, except those of Cold lluibor 
and Mechanicsville. Since the war he has held a good many 
important public positions. Was townshi}) clerk until 1875, 
when he resigned to accept the nomination to the House of Rep- 
resentatives made vacant by the death of the Hon. R. H. Bal- 
lard, to which position he was elected without opposition. Ho 


was for some time one of the county examiners for teachers, has 
been public administrator for Gates county ever since that has 
been an office, and is now a Justice of the Peace. In 1876 he 
was nominated by the Democratic Convention for House of Rep- 
resentatives but declined. In 1878 was again nominated for 
same position, accepted, and was elected over his Republican 
opponent by about 282 majority. Mr. C-atling was married to 
Miss Emily G. Whitley, daughter of John Willey, Esq., de- 
ceased, on the 20th of November, 1870, and has now living four 
children, three boys and one gin. CuJumitLLOs: Finance, Sala- 
ries and Fees. — Democrat. 




Born in Granville county, January 24-th, 1835. Was educa- 
ted at Caldwell Institute, of Hillsboro, State University, and 
Jefferson College, of Pennsylvania. His frequent change of 
schools was caused by bad liealth, and finally he had to abandon 
his studies. He was engaged in farming nj) to the war. During 
the early part of the war he entered service as Captain of Com- 
jnmy I, 23d Regiment of N. C. State troops. Failing health 
caused him to resign. Afterwards he entered service again and 
was assigned duty in the 1st N. C. Cavalry, Col. Cheek in com- 
mand, and remained with this regiment until the close. Since 
1865 he has been engaged in milling and farming. He was al- 
ways a Jacksonian Democrat but never entered into active polit- 
ical life until 1876, he then being a candidate for the Legisla- 
ture. He was oj)posed by the negro, Hughes, who was elected 
by 140 majority. Mr. A. had no idea of being elected but made 
the canvass of the county to expose a great deal of rascality that 
was then being carried on in the county and to show the cor- 
ru})tness that existed throughout the State under Rejiublican 


rule. He was again nominated for the House of Representatives 
for the present term and after a laborious canvass against heavy 
odds, was elected with tiie rest of the ticket by about 200 ma- 
jority. The colored people of the county have had a voting 
majoiity of about 200 ever since the war, but they, like other 
Republicans of the county, saw that a change in the politics of 
the county was badly needed, so they voted for Mr. Amis, and 
he is making them an excellent representative. He is Chair- 
man of Committee on Salaries and Fees, and serves on Com- 
mittee of Finance. Has married November 14th, 1855, to Miss 
£. A. Ragland, of Halifax county, Ya., sister of the famous to- 
bacco raiser, Maj. R. L. Ragland. Mr. Amis is a very active 
and working member. Only a few week ago he formed a part- 
nership with Mr. Hiirpcr and is now publishing a newspaper. 
The Border Review, at Henderson, N. C, Mr. A. as editor. 
After the close of the session he will devote his attention more 
fully to the editorial columns of the paper. Success. — Demo- 



Born ]\Iarch 17th, 1814, in Granville county. Educated in 
Granville. Married eldest daughter of Major D. K. Glover, of 
same count}', July Gth, 1864. Volunteered ^at 17 in Southern 
army, and after some service in camp was assigned to duty in 
the express office at Raleigh and on account of physical disabil- 
ity remained there during the war. Returning to his native 
county engaged in the culture of 3'ellow tobacco and is now one 
of the most successful growers of the weed. Called on by the 
Granville Democracy Mr. Burrough did his part in an active 
canvass to secure the first Democratic triumi)h in his county 
since the war. Appointed a justice by the present Legislature 
of 1879. Committees : Banks and Currency, Propositions and 
Grievances, and Agriculture. A good member. — Democrat. 





Born October 10th, 1827. Went to school only ton months. 
IMarried Ma}' -ith, 1854, Susan J. Harper. Was a,ppointed 
magistrate in 1854 and been one ever since. Superior Court 
Cllerk of Greene county for four years. County Commissioner 
five years. Elected to House by 209 majority, — Eepublican. 



m'leansville, n. c. 

Born in Ciuilford county, January 9th, 1819. Educated at 
ihe Caldwell Institute of Greensboro. Taught school for num- 
ber of years. Graduated in medicine at Charleston, S. C, in 
1848. Has practiced medicine in Guilford county ever since he 
graduated. Married Miss Elizabeth F. Whorton, in 1850, has 
eight children living, one dead. This is the first time he has 
■exer been to the General Assembly. He is Chairman of Com- 
mittee on Education, and serves on Retrenchment and Reform, 
Eiiilroads and Insane As3dum. Democrat. 



Born Sept. 23rd, 1810. Educated at common schools. Farmer. 
Harried Miss Mary Ann Mullen, of Randolph county, by whom 
lie has six children — four sons and two daughters. Been post- 
master twelve years, and magistrate since the last Legislature. 
Committees: Penal Institutions, Private Bills, Agriculture. — ■ 





Bom at Murfreesboro, N. C, Mjircli 28th, 1848. Was edu- 
cated Jit the Shaw University in Raleigh. He also assifeted some 
in teaching at this Institution. In October, 1875, he married 
the (laughter of Rev. William Warrick, late of Philadelphia. In 
public life he has had a very fair amount of experience. His 
first term in the State Legislature was in 1868, he then being 
the Representative from Xorthampton County. In 1870 he was 
elected a Commissioner for the county. In the year 1873 he 
moved from that county to Halifax. Was elected to represent 
that county in the House of Representatives for the teim of 
1876-'77, at which session he Avasa[)pointed magistrate. Was 
■elected to the present House without opposition. Committees: 
Finance and Education. He seems to have taken much interest 
in the educational matters that have been hefore the Assembly. 
By occupation he is a mechanic— Republican. 




AVas born in Cumberland county Oct. 0th, 1820. In 18')!- 
was elected to the General Assembly, Commons, from tlie coun- 
ty of Cumberland, at which session he introduced aljill to make 
Harnett count}^ which bears the name of the father of the 
county. In 185C was elected Clerk and Master in Equity of said 
county, which position he held for many years. In 1870 he was 
elected Chairman of the Board of County Commissioners. In 
1874 was elected County Treasurer of Harnett, and was elected. 


cue of the Boeird of Directors of the State Penitentiary. In 
1878 was elected a member of fhe House of Eepresentatives. 
Married Henrietta E. Shepherd, of New Hanover, Dec. 17th, 
1844; has five children. Committees: Internal Improvements, 
Penal Institutions and Military Affairs. He is a lively and so- 
cial gentleman and a good member. — Democrat. 




Born in Haywood county, August loth, 1825. Married Miss 
Angeline Furguson on the 21st Oct., 1847, by whom he has 12 
children — nine sons and three daughters. He has been Justice 
of the Peace twelve years, and has served his county as Coroner 
and Sheriff, and been to the State Legislature three times. Was 
elected to the HoubC of Representatives for the term 1874-'75^ 
re-elected for 1876-'77, and to his present seat by 159 majority. 
He is on the Committes, Banks and Currency, Internal Im- 
provements, and Towns, Cities and Counties. By occupation 
he is a farmer, and comes from a county where the principal 
farming interest is that of growing fruit and grasses and rais- 
ing horses and cattle. Haywood is one of the best mountain 
counties, and in Mr. Davis it has a faithful and worthy repre- 
sentative. He is an ''old school" Democrat of the Calhoun 
type. — Democrat. 





Born iu Haywood coimly, Jan. o&th, 1824. His educational 
facilities were limited to the old-field schools and a short course 
in "Waynesville Academy. "With these advantages and a strong- 
exertion on his part, he i)repared himself to teach school. Tlie 
greater part of his time was engaged in teaching until since the 
war. He married Miss Mary Ann Carlan, of Henderson county, 
on the oth day of November, 1848, and then moved to Hender- 
son county in 1849. His wife died in 18G3, and he married for 
his second wife Mrs. M. J. "Woodfin, daughter of Turner Wil- 
liams, Esq. He has 12 children — 7 girls and 5 boys. In 1853 
he moved to Spartanburg, S. C, and took charge of a contract 
in building the Piedmont Air Line Railway. After working 
ing out his contract, at the expiration of four years he moved 
back to his old home in Henderson county, where lie has been 
engaged ever since in the manufacture of lime, farming, raising 
stock, cSlc. In ISGoihe was ajjpointed by tlieU. S. Government 
to assist iu the reconstruction of Henderson county. He has 
served 7 years as county commissioner. This is his first term to 
tlie State Legislature. "Was elected by 105 majoiity. He is a 
member of the Committee on Corporations, also Insurance. 
Theologically he is a Methodist, having had a large family ex- 
-ample iu that respect. His father and one uncle, his grand- 
father and four grand-uncles, were all Methodist ministers.— 




ST. JOHN, N. C. 

Born near Winton, Hertford county, April 21st, 1815. Both, 
iis parents were natives of the same connty. Was first married 
Nov. 19th, 1840, to Miss Anna Harrell, daughter of Powell Har- 
rell, Esq. married second time Sept. 20th, 1842, to Miss Jane Wil- 
lerf ord, daughter of Richard Willerf ord, Esq. By his first wife he 
had one child and by the second fourteen children — -all dead but 
two, one son and one daughter. He was married the third time, 
March 27th, 1867, to Mrs. Permelia Bishop, daughter of Grcorge 
Cox, Esq. .ill his wives were natives of Bertie county. He 
has held the office of Justice of the Peace for five years, and that 
of School Committee for twenty years. Served as Treasurer for 
Hertford county for four years. Was elected to the Constitu- 
tional Convention of 1875, and in 1876 was elected to the House 
of Representatives, but on account of the informality of the vote 
at Winton he Avas unseated by his contestant, C. H. Madrey.. 
Was elected to his present seat in the House of Representatives 
by upwards of 300 majority. He serves on Committees, Private 
Bills and Claims. Has been a member of the Baptist Church 
for 37 years. Has never sued or warranted any one and has 
never been sued but once, and that time it was for a Confeder- 
ate debt. He is far the largest man m the General Assembly — 
his weight is 360 pounds. — Republican. 





Born March lOtli, 1840. Was at Trinity [College three years. 
Read law under Col. David M. Carter and Judge Warren. Re- 
ceived license to practice in Jan. 1873. Been teaching: school 
for some time. Both of his grand-fatliers once were members-- 
of the State Legislature. Ilis graud-father, John Bonner, died 
in Raleigh while a member of the General Assembly. He is; 
among the young members of the present session, but is a very 
attentive member. He serves on a number o! Committees. — 




Was born near "The Point,'' between the two Yadkin rivers, 
in Davie county, December 10th, 1825. His early life was 
spent on his father^s farm . He received an academical educa- 
tion at Mocksville, the capital of Davie county, ^Mider the tu- 
torage of Prof. Baxter Clegg, one of the best academic tfachers 
of his day. After leaving the Academy he took a course of 
study in Emory and Henry College, Va. After receiving his 
collegiate course he taught school for some time at Mocksville^ 
Fulton, and other places, but his health failing he was obliged 
to al)andon teaching. Subsequen*' to this he "was engaged for 
a number of years in the mercantile business at Mocksville. 
Married Miss Crump, of Davie county, daughter of the late 
Rowland Crumi), Esq. His wife only lived a short'while over 
one jcar after the marriage. At her death he was left with an 


infant son. In 1858 he was married the second time to Miss 
Waddell, daughter of the hite Greenbury Waddell, of Iredell 
county. In 1856 he engaged in the manufacture of leather in 
the town of Mocksville, which business he kept up until 1863. 
He then moved to the south-eastern part of Iredell county, 
where he still resides. Here he "returned to his first love" — 
the occupation of farming — and has given an almost undivided 
attention in that direction ever since. Was elected Clerk of 
the Board of Trustees for Chambersburg Township, and in 
1872 was elected county commissioner, which office he held for 
four years. Was elected in 1878 to his present seat by a large 
majority, this being his first term in the General Assembly. A 
very careful and worthy member. — Democrat. 



Born in Anson county April 20th, 1828. Educated at Wades- 
boro. Eead medicine under Dr. Days, of Camden, S. C, and 
graduated at Jefferson Medical College, of Philadelphia; moved 
to Iredell county in 1854, and located near the present town of 
Mooresville, and has been practicing his profession and farming 
ever since. Married in 1856 Miss Euphoenia Leazar, of Eowan 
■ county, by whom he has 9 children. He was the Democratic 
nominee in the last campaign, and elected with but little oppo- 
sition. He was one of the first citizens to locate at Mooresville, 
and it is greatly due to his energy and wise management that 
there is now a flourishing town at tliat place. He is a very 
worthy and solid member, always voting according to convic- 
tions of right, regardless of public opinion. — Democrat. 





Born in Haywood county September 25th, 1841. Ho was 
raised on the farm until he was 20 years old, at wliich age he 
entered the Confederate service as a private in Com])any G, 9th 
Eegiment N. C. State troops. Afterwards he was promoted 
Orderly Sergeant, and then to 2d Lieutenant. He was in the 
western army all the time undet- Col. David Coleman. At the 
battle of Chicamauga, September 19th, 1863, he received a 
slight wound by a spent ball. On the 16tli of February, 1864, 
he was captured and taken to Camp Chase and thence to Fort 
Delaware. Was released in June, 18G5. After the war he went 
to and taught school in Cherokee county. In 18G8 he engaged 
in the mercantile business, and continues the same yet. Moved 
to Jackson county March 1st, 1871. Married May 4th, 1871. 
to Miss Annie Carter, of Cleveland, Tennessee, — a great-grand- 
daughter of Bishop Soule. He was elected to the House by 24 
majority. During the campaisrn he had four independents to 
ojipose him, but before election day two of them withdrew from 
the canvass. An observant member. — Democrat. 




Is a native of Johrston county, where he now resides. Is 39 
years of age. His education, w! ich is limited, was obtained 
principiilly in old Held sehuols a'ld reading newspapers. His 
fatl cr (^iid when he was only 4 yavs old, leaving him and six 
other childreu «nder the mcther's care. They were all brought 


up on a farm. He enlisted in an independent cavalry company 
early in the late war. In 1862 this company was connected 
with the 8th Georgia Regiment. In 1864 it was assigned to the 
16th N. C. Battallion. He was in every battle in which his 
comjoany was called to participate except two. Was slightly 
wounded twice, and had a horse killed under him on the morn- 
ing of General Lee's surrender. He entered the service as a 
private but was promoted to Corporal, Sergeant, Lieutenant, 
Adjutant and Captain, and then had the pain as well as the 
honor of surrendernig the remnant of the Brigade (General W. 
P. Roberts') to the Federal forces at Appomattox on that mem- 
orable day, April 9th, 1865. After the war he resided for three 
years in Catawba county, since which time he has been engaged 
in agricultural pursuits in Johnston county ; has been married 
twice, and always votes the Democratic ticket without scratch- 
ing. Served his county one term as sheriff, one term as county 
commissioner, and twice as a representative in the State Legis- 
lature. Was elected to the present House of Representatives 
without opposition. He serves on committees: Corporations* 
Public Buildings and Engrossed Bills. — Democrat. 



Born in Sampson county, and ^'s no v j.bout 47 years old. 
Educated by John Ghost Elliott. Parmer. Married a Miss 
Barnes of Johnston county, and has one child. Was Captain 
of a militia company during the war. Was in the Legislature 
in 1874-'75, and re-elected to House for term 1879. A sensible 
voter. — Democrat. 

( 01 ) 




Born in Onslow county January 30th, 182-i. He is a son of 
Frederick Foy, who represented Onslow county for a number of 
years in the Legislature. His mother was Christian Dixon, a 
native of Greene county. He held a commission during a por- 
tion of the war from President Davis and part of the time from 
Governor Vance. He was captain of a company during the 
war, which acted in an independent capacity, and was known 
as the Tecumseh Scouts. To this day Mr. Foy is often called 
Capt. Tecumseh. This company operated mostly in the eastern, 
part of this State in the vicinity of Kinston. He was of great 
service to the Confedeiate army after the battle of New Berne,, 
in the way of saving the troops that were cut off in their re- 
treat, and hemmed in the elbow of Brice's Creek. He being 
thoroughly acquainted throughout this section, rendered him 
very efficient as a guide. Mention of his service on this occa- 
sion is made in Col. Vance's report of this battle. During his 
young days he was taught by H. IL Villard, Esq., and after- 
wards attended school in the Masonic Hall atXew Berne, which 
was then undercharge of Mr. Ixobt. G. Moore. He was married 
in the year 1845 to Miss Francis Foy, of Jones county, by whom 
he has eight children — five sons and three daughters. He has 
been magistrate about 25 years; represented Onslow county in 
the House of Representatives in the session of l848-"4:9 ; elected 
to House for ISTO by 240 majority. Ho serves on committees : 
Propositions and Grievances, and Banks and Currency. — Re- 




KINSTOlSr, X. c. 

Born June 15th, 1832. Educated at LoYejoy Academy in 
Raleigh. He lived in Texas from Jan., 1854, to Nov., 1857. 
While on his way west he was on the Steamer Georgia when a 
fearful accident occurred on account of the steamer catching on 
fire. There were about 300 passengers aboard and about 40 of 
them lost their lives. He was married February 13th, 1860, to 
Miss Susan Rountree, of Pitt county, by whom he has four chil- 
dren. Occupation a farmer. Magistrate several years prior to 
his election to the House in 18G2-'G3. Re-elected in 1865-'GG. 
Elected to the Senate in l876-'77. . Elected to the House again 
for the present term by 202 majority. Commisttee: Engrossed 
Bills, and Banks and Currency. — Rej^ublican. 




Born in Lincoln, Aug. 17th, 1854. Educated at Bingham 
School. Read law with Chief Justice Pearson. Licensed June 
term 1870. Judge Pearson pronounced Mr. Cobb one of his 
most promising students. Practices in Lincoln, Gaston, Cleve- 
land and Catawba. Elected to the House in 187G, without op- 
position: a very unusual circumstance for one so young. Re- 
elected to the House for the present term without op})osition. 
He is chairman of the committee on Privileges and Elections 
and County Government; serves on the committee on State 
Debt, is a prominent member of the Judiciary Committee, and 
was one of tlie committee of three to Investio:ate the Western 


North Carolina Railroad and tlie Western Insane Asylnni. He 
is a yoTing- mon of Ttvilliont intelleot. He speaks well and has 
made a very valuable member. Few young men of his'age have 
ac(juired the prominence and influence in legislative circles that 
he has. The Good people of Lincoln should feel proud of his 
course in the General Asaembly, for he has been a very efhcient 
member. — Democrat, 



lRA.NKLI]!f, N. C. 

Was born in Burke county, September 11th, 1829. Educated 
at Nantihala, Macon county. Married Miss Salina S. Moore, of 
Macon, February 12th, 1852, by whom he has six children. He 
entered the Western army in behalf of the Confederacy as first 
Lieutenant of Company I, o'Jth Regiment. Was in the battle 
of Bai>tist Gap, Cumberland Mountain, Murfreesboro, Chica- 
mauga, Dalton, Hope Church, Pine Mountain, Muddy Ditches, 
Atlanta, Lovejoy Station, Franklin, Jackson, Forest Station, 
Spanish Fort, and a number of others in Tennessee, xYlabania, 
Kentucky, Mississippi and Georgia. Part of the time during the 
rebellion he was in the secret service of the army under direc- 
tions of Gen. Joseph E.Johnson. Occupation, farmer. This 
is the first time he has ever been a member to the General As- 
senil)y. Committees: Agriculture, Propositions and Grievances, 
Roads and Highways. — Democrat, 





Born in Madison county, June 10th, 1816. In March, 1864, 
he enlisted in the Federal army. Company C, 2d Reg't, N. C. 
Union Volunteers, and remained in service until the close of 
the war. Soon thereafter he accepted a clerkship in the dry 
goods store of Messrs. Barnard, Nichols & Co., of Marshall, and 
remained for some time in their employ. His school advantages 
during his boyhood were somewhat limited, but he was still de- 
termined to avail himself of every opportunity; so, after work- 
ing closely and economizing for some time, he accumulated 
funds enough to enter school. And thus, by his o^n exertions 
and the work of his own hands, he attended Ream's Creek High 
School and Bascome College. After leaving school he began 
merchandising in Marshall, and has been engaged in that line 
of business ever since. In the spring of 1872 he was appointed 
by Judge Henry Superior Court Clevk of his county to fill out 
the unexpired term of J. J. Gudger, Esq., who resigned. After 
serving two years he was then elected by the people for a term 
of four years. He was elected to represent his county in the 
House of Representatives of the present General Assembly by 
262 majority. He is a member of the Committee of Engrossed 
Bills. He married Miss Sallie L.Hawkins, of Henderson coun- 
ty, on the 28th day of March, 1876, who died about seven 
month's thereafter. — Republican. 




Born October 10th, 1824. Went to school only 60 days. In- 
stead of education his attention was always turned to making 


money, und he has been very successful. Married Dec, 7th, 
1843, Miss Martlia Page, who died in Feb., 1877. Married the 
second time to Miss Bettie Piver, Jan. 1st, 1878. Has 4 chil- 
dren living. Seeing the great need of education in himself, he 
has taken great pains in that particular with his children. He 
sent his girls to Murf reesboro and his boys to Wake Forest. Been 
magistrate 12 years, and Deputy Sheriff 9 years. Hisprincii)al oc- 
cupation is that of merchandising and farming. He also has very 
fine flouring, corn and saw mills. In ftict, he is a man that car- 
ries on a variety of business, and can do anything himself out 
of wood or iron, fi»om a barrel or hoe-handle to a cart-wheel. 
Eight years ago Hiere was scarcely any of the present lively 
little village at his place, and he has been instrumental in 
bringing about all the energy of the place. Was elected after 
the regular c'ection day to fill the vacancy caused by the 
death of N. B. Faonn, the member elect. — Democrat. 




Was born in Kutherford county June 23d, 1838. Attended 
Marion High School, which was in charge of Mr. Morrison 
Ramsaeur. He studied medicine under Dr. T. A. Allen, of 
Ilendersonville, and graduated at the National Medical College 
of Washington city in 1860. Located in McDowell county 
in March of 1861 to practice medicine. During the same year 
he volunteered and entered the Confederate service as sergeant 
of company K, 23d Regiment N. C. State troops. In Septem- 
ber he was transferred from the regular service to the medical 
department, in which capacity he served very acceptably until 
the close of the war. He then returned to McDowell and re- 
sumed the practice of his jirofession. He had the misfortune 
to lose his father when he was only a boy of seven years old. 


but with all the disadvantages incident to orphan life he labor- 
ed assidionsly in the gold niiDOf! of Eatherford county, and at 
various other lines of business, until he accumulated funds 
enough to begin his education. After the trials and turmoils 
of camp life were ended, and he had begun to work up a good 
practice in his new neighborhood, he saw that there was still 
one thing wanting to complete his earthly happiness — so on the 
IGth of May, 1866, he married Miss Hattie V. Bird, of McDow- 
ell county, by whom he has five children. This is his first ses- 
sion in the State Legislature, and even with his limited experi- 
ence he makes a very good representative. He was elected over 
two opponents. Serves on committees : Internal Improve- 
ments, Penal Institutions, Insor.e Asylum, and Counties, Cities 
and Towns. — Democrat. 

mecklp:nburg couvty. 


Is a native of Rowan county. Was born near Salisbury, Jan- 
uary 8th, 1829, but his father and family moved to Charlotte 
while he was an infant. Was educated in the male schools of 
Charlotte. He married Miss Nannie J. Kerr on the 25th day 
of August, 1853. She was the daughter of Maj. Jennings B. 
Kerr, a prominent citizen of Mecklenburg county, and for 25 
years clerk of the court, Mr. Brown never had political aspira- 
tions, but in 1872, at the time when it was necessary, on account 
of the troubles in national affairs, that the very best men be 
placed in Legislative hall, his people chose him as their represen- 
tative in the Lower House of the General Assembly. He was 
then the first Whig ever elected to the Legislature from Meck- 
lenburg county, and his duties were discharged so faithfully 
that his constituency recognized the labors he had performed 


and the ability he liad shown, by electing him to the ?ame place 
in 1864 by an almost unauimons vote. lie was elected to his 
present seat without opposition. He is chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Public Debt, and serves on the committees of Inter- 
nal Improvement, Finance, Banks and Cnrrency and Public 
Highways. By occuputien Mr. B. is a merchant, and has been 
very snceossfiil in that line of bnsiness. He has been director 
of a bank in Charlotte ever since he was 21 years of age, and 
has been President of the Charlotte Chamber of Commerce ever 
since its organization. He is a member of the Presbyterian 
church, and is a Trustee in the General Assembly of that church. 
He is a man of extraordinary business qualilicatious, takes prac- 
tical views of the subjects before the Legislature, and in all is a 
most excellent representative. — Democrat. 



Born in Mecklenburg county, September 23rd, 1839, of a well 
knoAvn family. Son of Dr. T\". A. Ardrey. Occupation a far- 
mer. Married Miss Margaret M. Robinson, daughter of W. P. 
Robinson. Appointed Justice of the Peace in 1867, '68, '69. 
Elected county commissioner in 1874 in Mecklenburg county, 
and served as chairman of the board for two years. His jiru- 
dence, efficiency and integrity in this cai)acity commended him 
to his fellow citizens as a proper person to represent them in a 
more important field. Elected to the House of Representatives 
in 1876-'77 by 815 majority, nearly four times the ordinary ma- 
jority in the county, and re-elected to the General Assembly for 
1879, almost Avithout opposition. During the war he enlisted in 
the Charlotte Grays under Capt.. Ros-i, and served in the 1st X. 
C. Regiment under Gen. D. II. Hill, at Yorktowr, until its term 
expired, and then he re-enlisted in the 30th X. C. Troops as a 
private, was promoted to the captaincy of company K., and re- 
mained at his post until the surrender at Appomatox. Captain 
Ardrey is among the most intelligent representatives of thefarm- 


;ing element upon the floor of the House. He is an earnest and 
zealous advocate to the advancement of the agricultural inter- 
est of the Srate. He is a hard working member, and has a great 
deal of pride in doing his duty as a member of the Assembly. 
He is chairman of the committee on Agriculture, Statistics and 
JMining, and serves on the Committee jOf Salaries and Fees. — 




Born in Yanrey county (now Mitchell) on the 30tli day of 
^March, 1845. Educated at New Hope Academy, Wilkes county, 
Prof. F. A. Belcher, Principal. Married April 5th, 1863, to 
-Miss Nancy Young, of Mitchell county, by whom he has six 
children^four girls and two boys. He was commissioned Col- 
onel of the 99tli regiment of N. C. Militia in 18G2, and held 
that position until the end of the war. By occupation a farmer. 
Mr. B. won for the Democrats of Mitchell the first straight- 
light victory since the war. Was elected by 18 majority. Com- 
.mittees: Finance, Agriculture, Roads and Ferries. — Democrot. 




f Born Aug. 28th, 1834, in Montgomery. Married first to Miss 
Mary B. Thomas, of Moore county, March 4th, 18G0. Married 


econd time Miss E. A. Thomas, sister of his former wife, about 
L862. lias seven childrea living. Has been County Examiner 
ind County Treasurer. Was educated at Trinity College, 
raught school for 2o years. Business now a farmer and gener— 
il trader. Was a member of tlie House in liS76-'?7. Elected 
to present term by 01 majority. .Serves on committees of Fi- 
nance and Education, lie is very liberal in politics, never let- 
ting any party feeling carry him from what he thinks is right. 
A (piiet member, but always at his seat when the roll is called. 
— Republican. 



bh; oak, n. c. 

IJorn Jan. 2;)id, 1838. He is the son of A!chil)ald Leach, who 
emigiated from Scotland. He went to Texas in 1800, and re- 
turned to his native home in 18G1. Entered Gen. Mtillett's 
battalion in 18G2, and remained with it until it disbaiuled in 
1864. He then went to the Navy at Charleston, 8. C, and af- 
ter the evacuation of that city went lo Drury's Bluif, near liich- 
mond. When that city fell into the hands of the Federal forces 
he retreated under Gen, Evvel's command to Fannvill;'. On tl)e 
2oth Oi April, 1805, was taken prisoner by th"^ Yankees and 
lodged soon afterwards in the common prison at Foiiit Lijukour, 
Mil. Was released July 1st, 1805. After returning home he 
began to form, and has continued the cultivation of the soil a- 
un occupation ever since. On the 7ili day of May, b'^Oi, he was 
married to Miss Mary J. McAskill, by wiioni he has iivf ciiildren. 
His two youngest girls are twins and are so very nmch alike that 
even the parents ©ften do not know one fiom the other. He 
has served four years as Justice of the P- ace, and was elected to- 
House of Representatives for tiie term of is;;) by 88 majority. — • 





Born in Nash county, February 2oth, 1829. Finislied educa- 
tion in 1847. Farmer. Married April 20th, 1847, to Miss Mol- 
lie L. Pitts, by whom he has eight children. Was first elected 
to the Lesislatnre in 1856, and has served three terms since. 
Yolnnteered in 1861, and came out of war in 1864. He was 
First Lieutenant in Comjiany D, 47th Regiment, afterwards 
Captain, and served as such until 1864, during which year he 
was elected to the Legislature while in the army. Was wounded 
at the battle of Bristow Station in 18C3. Was elected Sheriff 
of Nash connty in 1866, and served in that capacity ever since. — 




Born May 14th, 1847. Never went to school, but has receiv- 
ed a very fair family education. Not married. Been janitor,, 
with rauk of captain, at City Hall in Wilmington, for two terms. 
Been Superintendent of City Improvement for one year. School 
Commissioner four years. His first term in the Legislature. 
He served at the carpenter's trade several years ago. — Repnbli- 
can, (Col.) 



}^<)vn in Goagaa county, Ohio, October 24th, 184G. Was ed- 
ucated in Ripon, Wisconsin. During the war he served with 
Sheridan's army in the Shanandoah V^alley as Master of Trans- 
portation. Moved to North Carolina in August 1865 and loca- 
ted at Wilmington where he still resides. He is quite a young 
man yet but owns a great deal of property in Wilmington, he 
bein? one of the largest tax payers in the city. He was appointed 
magistrate under the provisional government soon after the war 
and has been one ever since. He has had charge of the poor, 
sick and insane of New Hanover county for nine years. As an. 
evidence of his popularity with his party we only have to state 
that he was elected to his present seat in the House of llepre- 
scntatives without oppo.sition. Committees: Private Bills, Ag- 
riculture, and Public Printing. A quiet but observant member. 



GAinsiU liG, X. c. 

Horn in Northnmpton county, November 16th, 1823. Farmer. 
Married November 2;jrd, 1816, to Miss \Iartlia A. lioonc, by 
wlinm liP has seven chilrlrou living. Was appointed magistrate 
under the Provisiontil Crovermn'^nt of Holdon. Been cour.ty 
<'ommi sioner ten yeirs:ind chairman all tlio while except one 
term. Is now Public Administrator of the county. Received 
only a common English erlucation. Elected to tiie House by 
133 majority over Paul Haily, a negro, the Repu1)licdn nominee. 
Oonimittees : Proi)ositions and Grievances, Cor[)orations, and. 
Agriculture. An observant member. — Democrat. 





Born in Orange county November 30tb, 1820. Raised in the 
•country on a farm. Had no collegiate education. Was married. 
February 10th, 1852, to Miss Mary Jane Pearson of Orange 
county, by whom he now has four children — two sons and two 
daughters. During the war he was an assessor of taxes for Or- 
ange county. Of lafe years the greater part of his attention 
has been directed in the mercantile line ; has been merchandi- 
sing for about 25 years. In public life he has served but little 
except as a magistrate, he having held that office for 15 years. 
This is his first term to the State Legislature, but with the 
practical knowledge of legislation gained by being a close ob- 
server during the past, he makes a good representative. He 
has a place in the following committees: Finance, Propositions 
■and Grievances, Education and Insurance. — Democrat. 



He married a Miss Devereux of Halifax, N. 0. Before the 
war he represented Orange county several times in the State 
Legislature. Was one term in the Confederate Congress at 
Richmond, Va. In 18G8 he purchased the Raleigh Daily Sot,- 
tinel, and edited it for some time with ability. After disposing 
of this 23aper he retired to farm life in Orange couniy. In 1878 
he was elected to his present scat as an independent democrat, 
and later in the same year he ran as an independent republican 
for Congress in the Metropolitan District, but was defeated by 
Hon. J. J. Davis by a very large majority. For the past six 
years he has been waging a continual warfare against railroad 
coi-porations and supposed ''rings." Early in the session of i\\Q, 
present General Assembly he was expelled from the Democratic 

( 103 ) 

caucus, and during the whole session he has been a source of 
c mtinual annoyance to both parties on account of his frpquent 
speech-making on "railroads," "rings," &g.- Neither the 
democrats nor republicans will claim him as a member of thoir 
party; so we will record him as "Joe Turner," in politics. 




Born in Jones county x\pril ;^5th, 18-30, Moved to Onslow. 
Educated at the county schools. Married throe times : first, to 
!Miss Hewitt, of Jones county ; next, to Miss Bettie Hatsell, of 
Onslow county ; and the third time to Miss Sallie Melton, of 
Onslow. Has ten children living. Before the war he mer- 
chandised at Swansboro ; since he has been farming. AVas 
elected on the Inde})endent Democratic ticket by about 300 ma- 
jority witli two against him. Serves on committ'^e of Prctposi- 
tions and Grievances. — Democrat. 



Ki.i7,A!'.F;i ir rrn . ;,. . 

Born ill Perquimans county Isov. 27tli, 183S, Married Mary 
"Wilson in June, 18G7. Occupation — a merchant. Been mag- 
istrate eight years, county commissioner two years, and treasu- 
rer of Elizabeth City four years. Was elected to the House of 
Representatives for the session of 187G-'77, and re-elected to his 
present seat by a large majority. There were three candidates 


in the campaign. Kader Perry received 334 votes, S. J. Hal- 
stard 535 votes, and the subject of this sketch, who received 
981 votes. He is on committees : Corporations, and Emigra- 
tion. By profession he is a Methodist, and a steward in that 
chnrch. He is very temperate inhabits, he having taken his 
last drink of spirituous liquor in 1865, and he never smoked a 
cigar or pipe, and never chews tobacco. He has been much 
more successful, financially, than many of his race, for his prop- 
erty is now valued at about $12,000.00. — Republican, (col.) 




Was born in New Hanover county January 13th, 1851. When 
the county of Pender was formed fj-om New Hanover and other 
cc^unties in 1875, his place was included in the new county. In 
1865, at the time Wilmington was captured by the Federal 
forces, he served as guide through the swamps of Duplin, Pen- 
der and New Hanover counties, he being perfectly familiar with 
the various routes of travel through those unfrequented regions. 
The enemy came to his father's honse and was about to compel 
his aged father to perform that service for them, when he, 
though only 14 years of nge, volunteered his service rather than 
see the old gentleman taken by force. He attended school at 
Rocky Point until January, 1868, at which time he entered 
Trinity College. He passed through the junior class and 
left College in June, 1872. After this he engaged in the 
turpentine business in Brunswick county. In the fall of 1873 
he be^'an farming in New^ Hanover county, and since that time 
ao-ricultural pursuits have engrossed the greater part of his time. 
He married Miss Ella P. Berry, of Wilmington, on the 5th day 
of February, 1873, who died January 20th, 1874. He was 
married the second time September 1st, 1878, to Miss Annie E. 


Durhiim, daugliter of D. T. Durham, Esq., a prominent citizen 
of Pender county. He is the tirst democrat that has ever been 
elected in Pender, that county l)eing represented in the last 
Legislature by a repu])lican gentleman of color, Mr. Alfred 
Lloyd. — Democrat. 




Born in the northeastern part of the State of Vermont in 
183!), Was educated in Albany, New York, and Lowell, Mass. 
In addition to his classical education he received a lil)eral course 
in law. He joined the Federal army in ISfil, served through 
the Cumberland campaign, and piirticipated in the vicissitudes 
of camp life until the close of the rebellion. In 18G8 he en- 
gaged in the lumber business in nortiieasteru North Carolina, 
and is still engaged in that line as an occupation. Was married 
on the 10th of March, 1875, to Miss V. C. Morris, of Tyrrell 
county. Was elected to his present seat in the House of Rep- 
resentatives by 400 majority over his comi)eLit()r, W. H. Man- 
ning, Esq. He serves on the Judiciary Committee ; also on 
the Joint Committee to nominate magistrates, and on the Fish 
Committee. — Republican. 



cuxnixgham's stoke, n. c. 

I'orn in Pe:snn county D '•. '^h, 18"^2. (Jraduated in 1841, 
at Cliapel Hill, in his lOiii year. Spent the next year at Har- 


vard College, Mass., taking a scientific course. Read law with 
Judge Battle at Cliapel Hill, and obtaining license, concluded 
to extend his knowldge of the world by a tour in Europe 
(1849.) Married in 1854 Miss Sallie, second daughter of Hon. 
George E. Badger, an accomplished and lovely lady. Subse- 
quent to his marriage removed to Caswell, and was elected to 
the House from that county in 1864-'Gr). Also to the Andy 
Johnson Convention of 'G5. Returned to Person and represent- 
ed that county in the House of 1872-'73-'74 — winning distinc- 
tion throughout the State by his course in that body. Elected 
to the House in 1876-'77 ; was elected to the present Assembly, 
but on account of severe illness was not able to take his seat 
until near the close of the session. He is a gentleman of fine 
literary attainments and wide range of general information. As 
a writer and Belles Lettres scliohir, he is one of the most gifted 
sons of the State. — Democrat. 




Born in Pitt county, Jan. loth, 18 I -, ai d is now the oldest 
native born citizen of the town of Greenville. By parental line 
he is French and Scotc-1; -Irish, his gra;id-father being a native 
of Bordcfuix, France, while his is of Scotch-Irish de- 
scent. His occupation is tbat o" a lawyer and farmer. In his 
early days he attended Wake Fore-t Coregf. Later he read law 
under Judge Hitcbcodc at Yale College. After this be was a 
student of Chief Justice Pean^on while his law school was loca- 
ted at Moeksviile, Davie county. Received license to practice 
in June, 1845. Married in Surry county, Sept. )i5th, 1845, to 
Miss Juliette Gilliam, of Columbia, S. C. Mr. Bernard ownes 
the noted Pilot Mountain and a quantity of lands in the commu- 
nity, in Surry county, at which place he now has a very pleasant 


summer home, to whieli place he retretits during the heated sea- 
son. In his naMvfc county h'^ is a gentleman of considerable- 
prominence, and been identified with the public interest of the- 
county for many years. He has been Register of Deeds, County 
Attorney, and during the war was assistant Clerk and Master ini 
Equity. He has taken a great deal of interest in and labored 
much for the good of the Democratic party in his county. Has 
l)een engaged in every political canvass since 180G. He was can- 
didate for a seat in the first Canstitutional Convention, but was 
defeated, the Republican party largely predominating. Allowed 
his name to be run again at the last election and received a title 
to a seat in the House of Representatives by a majority of 129, 
He serves on the following committees: Judiciary, Caucus and 
Counties, Towns and Cities. — Democrat. 



Born in Pitt county, September IStli, 1850. Married Miss 
^lavtha C. Andrews, fornieily of Edgecombe county. Dec. 23rd, 
1875, by whom he had three children, only one living. Hispar- 
ents died when he was very young, leaving him with small 
means, at which time he had only attended the common schools 
nine months; but by his own clforts, backed by energy of pur- 
pose, he succeded in securing means and attenrlerl a private 
school ten months, at which, together with his own studious en- 
ergy, obtained ' a common education, such as to enable him to 
teach in the common schools 'in his county. He is therefore a 
self-made man. Been magistrate two years. Been mayor of the 
town of Bethel for two terms and served his people satisfactorily 
in said capacities. The Democracy of his county, rec{»gnizing 
his worth, honesty and ability, nominated him without any so- 
licitation on his part to represent them in the House of Repre- 
sentatives, and w"as elected over his opponent by 105 nuijority. 
Committees: Public Printing, Privileges aiiJ Elections, Educa- 
tion, Justices of the Peace and Public Library, all of which he 


gave valuable service. He is a good, hones •->, faithful represen- 
tative, and has served his county and State well. By occupa- 
'tion a farmer, of whioh he feels proud. — Democrat. 




Born in that part of Rutherford county which is now Polk, 
.about the year ] 814. By occupation a farmer and merchant. 
Married in 1831 to Miss ElJ.;abetli Gibbs, of Polk. Six children 
— four dead. Was very much opposed to the war. He was ac- 
cused of not being loyal to the Confederate cause and that he 
took charge deserters, and upon these charges he was brought be- 
fore a Court Martial, but the charges not being sustained, he was 
dismissed. He has been magistrate for 10 years, County Treas- 
urer eight yc-dVi, and was elected to his preseiit se it in the Gen- 
eral Assembly by 100 majority. He is one of the largest tax- 
J3ayer3 in his section. — Eepublican. 



Jackson's CREEK, n. c. 

Born in Randolph county N. C, March 16th, 1836. Was 
educated at the old-field schools of his community. Old North 
Bird, near Jackson's Creek, was the scene of the greater part of 
hi-3 scliool days. He worked on a farm until lie was twenty-one: 
since which time ho has been carpenter, wheelright and black- 


smith, but never served a regular appreuticesliip at any of these 
trades. In addition to the?e trades he has given some atten- 
tion, also, to farming. Married March 28th, 18G1, to Miss Em- 
ily Wai'd, of Davidson county. In public life he has served as 
Justice of the Peace for eight 3'ears. In 1878 was elected to his 
present seat in thi- House of Representatives. A very quiet hut 
earnest member. Committees: Private Bills, deaf, dumb and 
Blind, and Calendar. — Kepublican. 



His parents, Thomas English and Mildred, formerly Tomlin- 
son, were reared in the county of Randolph, from Scotch linage. 
Hg is one of six children— four daughters and two s^ns. Born 
in Thoraasville, Davidson county, June 28tli, 1849. Parents 
moved to Randolph in 1857, and located on a farm near Trinity 
College with a view of educating his sons, at which place he is 
now situated. Ju&t when he was ready to enter upon school 
duties the Avar came on, and took not only the means provided 
but necessitated his going on the farm to manual labor, there 
to remain until after the struggle ; subsequently was still am- 
bitious for an education, and proceeded at once to procure one, 
believing that all men may be an architect of a fortune. In 
1874 he graduated at Trinity College with first honor. Soon 
after was called to the principalship in Pleasant Lodge Acade- 
my, in Alamance county, for a teim of nearly two years, the 
fchool thus created is still flourishing ; from thence to Mt. Olive 
Academy, male and female, in the county of Wayne, and had 
associated with him Mrs. Nicholson, the widow of the Rev. D. 
B. Nicholson, of the N. C. Confcieuce; continued there for 
2i jears with a decided success. During this time he visited 
the Centennial and a number of the i)rin(ipal cities North, and 
to some extent those in the South. During the summer vaca- 
tion has been teacher at several times in the normal school at 
Chapel Hill, for the training of teachers, and at the commence- 


inent of 1878 was selected historian of his class. In 1877 left 
the East and came to his ''native heath," in the county of 
Bandolph, and assumed charge oi the vilhige school, at the same 
time giving the former attention. He was called out in the 
field of politics and nominated for the Legislature, receiving in 
•the Convention all the votes cast but five on first ballot ; was 
•elected to the present itession by a small uiajorit_y over J. W. 
Bean. He is a single gentleman, and has acquitted himself 
■during the present session in a manner that proves he is a young 
man worthy of a good wife. Ho serves on the following com- 
mittees : Penal Institutions, (Chairman,) Engrossed Bills, and 
Education. — Democrat. 




Was born in Guilford county in 1828. Received 13 days 
instruction in school in baid county. Went to California in 
1852.'T7Spent eight years in California, Oregon, Washington 
and Mexico. Was married in California. Wife died 20 months 
after the marriage. He had the pleasure of making about fifty 
thousand dollars in California, but left the good State without 
much money and came home to North Carolina in 1859. En- 
gaged in merchandising, and ma,de $15,000 or $30,000. Lost it 
in speculating, as usual. Was married the second time in Rich- 
mond county, N. C- His first wife was Mary Gilky, a Yankee 
girl. His second wife was Mary Harrison, a genuine Scotch 
girl. He has four children, all hoys, of Scotch-Irish descent. 
He has been a Repuhlican, politically, since the Democrats so- 
lected Horace Greely for their candidate. Was elected to the 
General Assembly in 1878 as Independent, though his sympa- 
thies are with the Republican party. — Republican. 





Bora ill Robeson county, September 21st, 1833. Was edu- 
cated at common scnools. Married Oct. 4th, 1860, to Miss Ad- 
eline Roberts, daughter of James Roberts, Esq., of ^[arion coun- 
ty, S. C. Has seven cliildren, 4 girls and 3 sons. Farmer. 
Vohinteered in 1862 and entered the Confederate service. Was 
member of Company E. 4th Regiment, N. C. Artillery, Re- 
mained in service until the fall of Furt Fisher, Been magis- 
trate 7 years. AVas elected to the House by 6 majority over 
Neill McXeill. He serves on the following commitiees: Inter- 
nal Improvements, Railroads and Post Roads. — Democrat. 


I rMl'.KKTON, N. C. 

Was born in ]\Iecklenburg county, N. C, Fob. 1st, 1829. 
Went to the Mexican war in 1847. Belonged to Company I. 
3rd Regiment of Artilery, under Capt. Martin Burke, Garland's 
Brigade, AVorth's Division of Regulars. Participated in all the 
battles from Vera Cruze to the city of Mexico. Returned to 
Robeson county in 1851. In April, 1861, raised a company and 
entered the second regiment N. C. Volunteers, under (Jol. Sol. 
Williams. His company was discharged in 1862, at the expira- 
tion of its term of enlistment. In 18(!-^ he raised another com- 
pany and joined the 16th Regiment, N. C. Troops, under Col. 
E. D. Hall. Was promoted to Major, but resigned on account 
of ill health. Elected by the Democratic party* in 1870 to the 
State Senate from Robeson county, and not being disposed to 
follow the prrty in some of its measures, joined the Republican 
party and was elected to the House of Representatives in 1874 
l)y that party. He claims to have been elected also to the Con- 


stitutiontil Convention of 1875. but says that owing to Gen. W. 
K. Cox's celebrated telegram to "hold Eobeson and save the 
State," the Convention adjourned without an Investigation. 
Was again elected to the House of Kepresentatives for the pres- 
ent term. He is a good looking widoAver, and we think he 
would like right much to find some fair one with whom he could 
"share pleasures and divi.le troubles." — Republican. 




Was born in Rockingham county on the 4th day of December, 
1841. Was prepared to enter the Sophomore class at the Uni- 
versity, in the year 1861, by that most excellent teacher, Mr. S. 
W. Hughes, of Orange county, but the war comming on he en- 
listed, as a private, in Mayj'lf^ei, in Capt. Slade's company, 
14th N. C. Regiment. Was wounded in the battle of "Seven 
Pines," June 1st, 1872. Was m the battles in which the Army 
of ■Northern Virginia was engaged up to November, 1863, when 
he was appo'nted 1st Lieut. Company K. 13th N. C. Regiment. 
Acted as Adjutant of this regiment until the close of the war, 
surrendering his sword to the Northern army, April 9th, 1865, 
at Appomattox C. H., Va. Was married to Miss Sallie P. 
Lindsey, of Reidsville, N. C, Dec^^mber 5th, 1865. Has en- 
gaged in merchandising, farming and manufacturing tobacco 
since the war. Never has engaged in politics in any way. In 
1878 was nominated by the Nominating Convention of Rocking- 
ham county, on first ballot, to represent that county in General 
Assembly of 1879. — Democrat. 





Born in Rockingham, August 5th, 1836. Graduated at Wake 
Forest in 1860. Occupation a farmer. Served in the Confed- 
erate service as Sergeant of Light Artillery. Mr. Lindsay was 
elected without opposition to fill the seat left vacant by Dr. P. 
M. Winchester^ deceased, in the session of 1876-'77. Was re- 
elected to the House for the present term without opposition. 
He is on Committees : Corporations and Immigration. He has 
taken an active part in the Legislative work before the House. 
Was married June 5th, 1878, to Miss Nannie H. Meadows, of 
Rockingham county. — Democrat. 




Born February 22ud, 1813. Educated principally in the old* 
field schools. Was married the -Ith day of February, 1834. He 
has held the office of Justice of the Peace ever since 1836 except 
for about four years just after the war — he then being banded by 
the Federal government. AVhen he was only twelve years old 
he adopted the principles of Democracy and to which faith he 
has adhered ever since, and declares that he will continue in the 
same until the last sands of his life have ebbed out. He was 
born and has ever since lived in the good old county of Rowaa 
and we have no doubt but there he will remain until she opens 
her bosom, when his spirit passes over the dark river, and kindly 
hides him from the turmoils of life until the resurrection morn. — 




Bom in Cabarrus county January 8th, 1841. Educated at 
Trinity College. Was in the Confederate service from the 3rd 
of June, 18G1 to the 13th of April, 1865. Was a member of 
Company F, 1st Regiment, N. C. Cavalry. He served first as a 
private, then Sergeant, and then Corporal. Married January 
12tli, 18G5, to Miss Dorcns, daughter of Jacob Fraley, Esq., of 
Iredell county. By occupation he is a farmer. This in his first 
term to the Legislature and he is a very attentive member. He 
serves oii Committees: Propositions and Grievances, Agriculture, 
Mechanics and Mining, and Insurance. — Democrat. 




Born in Yancy county, .^pril 20th, 1820. Married May 29th, 
1855, Miss S. A. Logan, of Rutherford and has one child living. 
Attended old field schools. Been county commissioner two 
years. Was Clerk of the Court in Yancy county for eight years. 
Moved to Rutherford in 1857. Elected to House of Representa- 
tives over two opponents by 183 votes. Committees : Salaries 
amd Fees, Propositions and Grievances. — Democrat. 





Born ill Duplin county December 23(1, 1S88. AVas educated 
at the sehools of the community. Has taught school a great 
deal during the winter season of the year, and attended to his 
farm in the summer time. He volunteered April 15rh, 1801, 
and joined the Confederate service for six months as a member 
of Capt. Thos. S. Kcenan's Company — the Duplin Riiies — and 
was made color-bearer of that company. "When the time for 
which he had enlisted had expired he joined the 3d Regiment 
of Cavalry — Capt. A, F. Newkirk's company. He was in ser- 
vice for four years and four weeks, and was not wounded, neither 
was he a day absent without the prop3r permission. After the 
Avar he moved to Sampson, where he has been engaged in teaching 
and farming ever since. Been magistrate for 10 years. He is an 
earnest worker in the Sunday-schools, and now has charge of 
the largest one in all that community. Married Miss J. A. 
Carlton January 27th, 18G7. He was elected to the seat ho 
now occupies by 219 majority. Committees : Penal Institutionta 
and Private Bills. He is a very decided and earnest man, and 
takes great pride in working for the good of his constituence 
and the Democratic party at large. He is the tallest man in 
the General Assembly, measuring 6 feet and 7 inches. He and 
his father and four brothers give an average in height of G feet 
and six inches and their combined weight is 1220 lbs. He is 
a true and zealous member. — Democrat. 



Born January 11th, 1833, in Sampson county. His eiucatioa 
:was received at common country schools and academies. En- 


tered the Confederate army in 1862. Was Lieutenant in Com- 
j)any C, 5th Kegiment N. C. Cavalry. Was in a number of 
engagements. Wounrled at the battle of Jack's Shops, near 
Orange Court-house, Va., September 13th, 1863, and captured 
at the same time. While a prisoner was confined at Washing- 
ton in the Old Capitol, at Fort Henry, Point Lookout, Fort 
DelaAvare, Morris Island, Fort Pulaski, then back to Fort Del- 
aware. He was one of the six hundred officers placed under 
fire of the Confederate guns while at Morris Island, South Car- 
olina. Was released from prison July 1st, 1865. Since the war 
has been engaged at farming. Has served as magistrate two 
years and as county commissioner fonr years. Was married 
November 13th, 185G, to Miss E. E. Ashford, of Sampson coun- 
ty. Was elected to the present House of Representatives, and 
is serving on the following standing committees : State Debt, 
Corporations and Emigration — Democrat. 




Born in Stanly county, February 14th, 1825. Was raised a 
common farmer boy and received no education except what he 
learned at the " old field schools." In former days he was a 
Whig, now he is a Conservative Democrat. He was qualified as 
magistrate in February, 1857, which office he filled for seven- 
teen years. Was elected county commissioner in August, 1870, 
and re-elected for three terms in succession. Was chairman of 
the board of commissioners for four years. Was married on the 
11th day of April, 1848, to Miss Delinda Frick, of Stanly coun- 
ty, and has six sons and two daughters. Was elected to the 
present House of Representatives by a large majority. He is 
on two standing committees. Agriculture, Mechanics and Min- 
ing, and Penal Institutes. — Democrat. 




PILOT mountain;, SURRY COUNTY, N. C. 

Born in Stokes county, April 6th, 1837. He received only a 
.fire-torch education. By occupation he is a farmer. Served as 
:a Captain of a malitia company during the war. Was elected 
in 1872 Clerk of Superior Court for Stokes county and held that 
place two years. Elected to House of Representives by 273 ma- 
jority. Committees : Deaf, Dumb and Blind Institute, Private 
Bills, Public Roads. He is a very clever batchelor, makes a 
good representative, and will some day make a good lady a good 
husband, — Democrat. 




Was born in Rowan county at the homestead of the Partee 
t'amily, September 2Gth, 1839. His parents, Rob't W. and M. 
E. Foard moved to Concord, in Cabarrus county, January 1st, 
1840, where he spent his childhood and youth. He entered the 
University of the State in 1859, and graduated in class of 1801 ; 
when he immediately enlisted as a private in Capt. R. Barriu- 
ger's (now Gen. R. Barringcr) Company F, 1st X. C. Cavalry, 
under Col. Rob't Ransom (now Gen. Ro])'t Ransom.) The 
subject of this sketch fought with his company and regiment, 
which under Stewart and Hamilton bore such a conspicuous part, 
through all the battles of the army of Northern Virginia, and 
was only slightly wounded once, though nine horses were 
wounded under him and four killed. He was promoted to 


Capt. of his company, and after the bloody cavalry engagement 
at Upi)erville was introduced by Gen. L. S. Baker, then Colonel 
of the Eegimtnt, as the " bravest of the brave." He was often, 
selected by his commanding officers to go with his splendid com- 
pany (which never had a desertion from it) on duties of special 
trust and danger. On one occasion when detailed by Gen. "W.. 
H. F. Lee, for detached service with his company, fought and 
kept at bay Wi]son'|)'whole column for an hour and a half, 
when that General was making his notorious raid on South Side 
railroad to Staunton Bridge. He witli his Company and Com- 
pany C, wliich formed the squadron he commanded, made under 
Hampton the celebrated night attack on Kilpatrick's cam]) five 
miles from Ilichmond, and while no other troops were engaged, 
drove the enemy from his camp, captured large number of 
prisoners, horses and supplies, and thus prevented Kilpatrick 
and Dahlgren from joining their forces for their intended attack 
upon Eichmond, He, with his company, took an active part 
in the notorious beef raid of Hampton. After the war he spent 
eighteen months in New York City in the cotton business. 
January, 1867, he moved to Elkin, Surry county, to engage in 
manufacturing, where he still resides. August 25th, 1868, he 
married in Greensboro Miss Lilly Walker, grand-daughter of th& 
late Gov. John M. Morehead. In 1878 was nominated by the- 
Democratic party of Surry as their candidate to represent the 
county of Surry in the House of Representatives, and was elected 
over a Republican and Independent Democrat. He is a very 
popular and influential member, and labors hard for the good 
of his constituents. He serves on the following Committees : 
Judiciary, Public Debt, Education, and Insane Asylum. — Dem- 





Born ill Haywood county, February 13th, 1839. Attended 
the common schools of the neighborhood, tifrer which he went 
to Col. Lee's graded school in Ashevillo. Married Miss Maiy 
C. Greenlee, of McDowell county, April Gth, 1871, hy whom he 
has four children. Mr. B. by occupation is a farmer, stock- 
raiser and miller. He has a very good farm and takes much 
interest in raising fine stock, and has one of the best mills in all 
that section . Dui ing the war he was Captain of Company B, 25th 
Regiment, N. C. State troops. In 1853 when the county of 
Jackson was formed his place was included in the territory 
which composed the new county. Soon after this he was elected 
the first malitia Colonel of the county. He ^as elected as the 
member to the House of Representatives from the new county 
of Jackson in 185-4, and was the member continously for twelve 
years, he being the first and last representative from that county 
up to 1870, at which time another new county, Swain, was 
formed and named in honor of the lamented Governor Swain. 
His residence again was included in the territory of the new 
county and he has been the representative of Swain ever since it 
was formed. It is very complimeutary, indeed, that his people 
should honor him as their representative for so many }ears in 
succession, and it shows that he is a man woi-thy of their suf- 
frages. He is a working member and does all in his power that 
will tend to the prosperity of his section of the country as well 
as keeping an eye open to the interest of the State at large. He 
has done much towards shaping legislation for the development 
of the transmontane section. A good member. He is Chair- 
man of Committee on Claims, and serves on Internal Improve- 
ments, and Joint Committee to nominate Magistrates. — Dem- 





Was born in Buncombe county (^now Transylvania) on the 
'19th day of April, 1820. Received a common school education. 
Emigrated to the State of Georgia in 1854. Settled in Gordon 
county. In 1862 was elected Captain of Company F. 1st Geor- 
_gia cavalry. Was mustered into regular service March 22d, 
1862. August the 11th was assigned to General Forest. Was 
in the campaign to Perryville in Kentucky. Fell a victim to 
disease, and was forced to resign, August 26th, 1864. Returned 
to his native State, North Carolina, Dec. 23d, 1865. Been 
magistrate 6 years and school committeeman 4 years. Nominee 
of the Democratic party in 1878 for the House of Reprerenta- 
tives and elected by 75 majority. Committees: Salaries and 
JFees and County Government. — Democrat. 




Born June 13th, 1839. Educated at the Normal College, now 
'Trinity. Was there in 1856, '57 and '58. Married Feb. 10th, 
1859, Miss Mary Ann Alexander, of Tyrrell. Served as magistrate 
6 years. Is surveyor, school teacher and farmer. He is an ar- 
dent supporter of the temperance cause. Has six children, 4 
living and 2 dead. Was elected to his present seat in the House 
by 128 majority. A very quiet but attentive member. — Demo- 





Was born in Monroe, N. C, on the 2d day of Dec., A, D. 
1853. During the earlier part of liis boyhood he received only 
such education as is usually to be had in small towns. In Sep- 
tember, 1870, he entered Wake Forest College and continued 
there until June 1873, one year prior to graduation. During 
his collegiate course he represented the Euzelian Literary So- 
ciety at its 39th Anniversary as first debater, and at the close of 
the session of 1873, was unanimously elected by said society as 
its orator for the ensuing Anniversary. In December, 1873, he 
was married to Miss Ella E, Howip, of Lancaster county, S. C, 
and on the 7th of Aug:ust following was so unfortunate as to 
lose his wife. Immediately thereupon he be began the study of 
law under Chief Justice R. M. Pearson, and obtained license in 
June 1875, and commenced the practice forthwith in the town 
of his nativity. On the 23d day of June, 1878, he was happily mar- 
ried to Miss Mollie A., second daughter of Prof. W. G. Sim- 
mons, of Wake Forest College. On the 1st Thursday in Aug., 
1878, he "was elected to the House of Representatives by a ma- 
jori'y of 1375, being by far the largest proportionate, if not ab- 
solutely the largest majority, received by any Senator or Repre- 
sentative. Mr. Covington was at the time of his election 24 
years of age, and is the youngest member, save one, in the Leg- 
islature of 1879, lie is chairman of the committee on Insur- 
ance, also Public Printing, and serves on committees, Judiciary 
and Privileges and Elections. He is one of the sprightl'est and 
wittiest meml)ers; very quick to catch ideas in a running dis- 
cussion, and never fails to fitly apply his remarkp. — Democrat. 





Born March 24th, 1848. Married June 2nd, 18G7 to Miss 
Verona C. Hood, by whom he has five children. He was pre- 
pared for college at Elm Grove Academy. Graduated at Wash- 
ington University, Baltimore, with the class of 18C8. He vol- 
unteered in 1863 and joined company I., 8th regiment Georgia 
Cavalry. Was in a great many engagements, and in the last 
charge Lee's army made at A})pomattox. By profession he is a 
practicing physician. Elected to the Houye by 147 majority. — 



Born Sept. 21st, 1813. Educatel at the common schools of 
the communit}^ Married Miss Lucy Ann House, Oct. 3rd, 1837, 
by whom he has had 9 children — 5 now living. Wife died Dec. 
2nd, 1878. Been chairman of the board of county commission- 
ers for 6 years. Been connected with the special courts of Wake 
county for about 35 years. Was member of the Senate in 1876- 
'77. Elected to the House in 1878. Committees : Internal Im- 
provements, Banks and Currency. — Republican. 



Was born near Fish Dam, Wake county, January 8th, 1823. 
Went to common schools only a few months. What other edu- 
cation he has was received by studying at night and rainy days. 
• Was raised on the farm by a widowed mother. September 


15th, 1845, was employed as elcrk by Thomas Loring, Esq., of 
Auburn, 10 miles east of Raleigh. Was appointed postmaster 
at that place by President Polk in 1852. Moved to Kaleigh in 
18G1 and engaged in tlie mercantile business. Was elected 
Clerk of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Avhich office- 
he held for two terms, after which he retired to his farm in 
Oak Grove Township. In 1876 was elected Chairman of the 
Board of County Commissioners. Was elected in 1878 to the 
scat which he now occupies. Was married December 15th, 
185"^, to Miss Cornelia Ellington, of Johnston county. — Repub- 



Born in Beaufort county March 8th, lb33. Never went to a 
day school ; all his education was procured by attending a short 
time at night school, and by his own hard studying while alone. 
Married the first time Miss Mary Davis, of Beaufort county, by 
whom he had three daughters. His second wife was Miss Nar- 
cissus Lucus, of Raleigh. He served an apprenticeship as car- 
penter, and now has the trade well. In public life he has served 
as city alderman of Raleigh for eight years, and as director of 
the Penitentiary for four years. This is the fifth session he has 
been a member to the House of Representatives. He is on 
committees : Education, Deaf, Dumb and Blind, and Public 
Buildings. He is far above the average of his race as to intelli- 
gence, and makes a very fair representative. He takes practi- 
cal views of most subjects of general importance. — Republican, 





Was born in Warren county March 23d, 1842, of free parents. 
IMarried Feb. 7th, 18 — , to Miss Nannie Boyd of Warren coun- 
ty. He is a farmer by occupation. In public life he first ap- 
peared as a member to the House of Representatives in 1874 ; 
■was elected by 800 majority. Was again elected in 1876 by five 
majority. Was elected to his present seat by about 1,000 ma- 
jority. During the war he served as an attendant for Captain 
Jones in the 46th Regiment. — Republican, (col.) 



Born in Warren county November 4th, 1855. He first went 
to school in Warrenton, and after this he attended the Shaw 
University in Raleigh. Has been teaching school in Warren 
and Granville counties for about five years. Was elected to his 
present seat in the House of Representatives by about 1,300 
majority. He serves on committees : Incorporations, and Deaf, 
Dumb and Blind Institute. — Republican, (col.) 


JOHN McDowell bateman, 


Was born in Washington county July 25th, 1835 . His edu- 
'Cational advantages were limited to the free and subscription 


schools of the community. ITe has been married three time?. 
Was first m.irried to Miss Emeliza Jackson in 1854. His second' 
wife was Miss Angcliiie Cooper, to whom lie was married in 
1867. In 1878 he married the third wife, who was Miss Nancy 
p], Snell, of Washington county. lias six children. Before 
the war he Avas a Henry Clay Whig, and favored emancipation. 
On account of his Union sentiments during the war he was ar- 
n^pted and put in prison, where he remained for four months. 
He was then put with the Confederate forces near Fredericks- 
burg, Yo., but he escaped from the camp and walked all the 
way home. In the year 1873 he joined the 11th Regiment of 
North Carolina U. S. Volunteers, and remained in the Federal 
service until the close of the war. Soon after the treaty of 
peace he was appointed under the Pi ovisional Government as 
Sheriff of Washington county, in which capacity he served for 
ten years. He has been magistrate for a number of years, and 
was the member from Washington county in the Constitutional 
Convention of 1875. Elected to his present scat in the House 
of Kepresentatives by 164 majority. Committees : Internal 
Improvements, Salaries and Fees, and Finance. — Republican. 




Is a native of W^atauga county. Was born Feb. 23d, 1820. 
By profession he is a practicing physican. He graduated at 
the medical college of Charleston, S. C, in the year 1851. 
After getting his diploma to practice medicine in South Caro- 
lina he concluded that the Palmetto State should furnish him 
a life partner, so in 1855 he marries Miss Alice M. Bostwick, of 
Sumter, by whom he has six children living. During the war 
he was a brave and patriotic soldier. He was one of the first 


■volunteers in South Carolina, and bears the record of fii-ing the 
■first gun that was fired upon the United States flag. It was 
when the Federal steamer " Star of the West^' sailed within 
range of the Confederate guns at Fort Sumter on that memora- 
ble day "when the cruel war begun," . He enlisted as 

Captain in Hampton's Legion, in which capacity he served until 
1863. While in an engagement at Beans' Station, Tenn., he 
was wounded, after which he was transferred to the 6th N. C. 
(Col. Folk's) Regiment, where he served until the hostilities 
ceased. In public life he ha-^ served his country two terms in 
■.the General Assembly. He was elected to the Senate for the 
term 1876— '77, and to his present seat in the House of Repre- 
sentatives by a majority of five votes. He had five opponents 
— four Democrats and one Repul)lican. He hails from a moun- 
tain county not surpassed in many particulars by any in West- 
ern Carolina. The air is dry, firai and bracing, and the climate 
generally is perfectly delightful in the summer season. The 
variagated scenery along the many creeks and rivers is grand 
and picturesque. The soil is fertile and admirably adapted to 
the growth of corn, potatoes, ajiples, buckwheat and cabbage. 
The citizens are generous, hospitable and hard workers. The 
Dr. represents a noble constituency, and that with much credit. 
— Democrat. 




Born January 1st, 1829, in 'Moore county. His school days 
Tvere spent at Longstreet academy, in Cumberland county, Mid- 
dleton Academy, in Randolph county, and Normal College 
(now Trinity.) He moved to Wayne county in November, 
1854, Married Miss Mary J. Kornegay, October 18th, 1855, 


and has nine children, eight daughters and one son. His wife 
died July 13th, 1876. In 18G1 he entered the Confederate army 
as a private in Company G, 40th Regiment N. C. State troops. 
In 1803 he was promoted to the rank of 1st Lieutenant of his 
Company, and in 1803 lie was still furthur honored by receiving 
the rank of Captain of his Company. He was wounded and 
taken prisoner at the fall of Fort Fisher. While a prisoner he 
was incarcerated at Point Lookout and Johnton Island. Was 
released June 17th, 1805, and reached his home again on the 
28th of the same month. His occupation is that of a farmer. 
Has been magistrate two years. Elected to House by 00 major- 
ity. Committr-es : Propositions and Grievances, Education, 
and Private Bills. — Democrat. 



Born in Wayne county May 29th, 1840. His education was 
obtained at the cuinniou country schools and around the fire- 
side. His occupation is that of merchandising and farming. 
On the 3rd day of May, 1800, he was married to Miss Phabe 
Edgerton, of Wayne county, by whom he has five sons. He 
volunteered June 11th, 1801, and joined the Goldsboro Rifles 
and continued in service until February, 1805. During his 
camp life he was in the battle of New Berne, Harpers Ferry, 
Seven Days, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, Bristol Station and 
several others. At one engagement his regiment entered with 
500 mem and in a light of only 15 minutes the whole regiment 
was killed or captured except 80. As a public man he has 
served as Justice of the Peace about five years. Sheriff four 
years, and elected to the House of Representatives for the pres- 
ent term by 110 majority. He is a member of the Finance Com- 
mittee, also on the Committee on Towns and Townships. — Re- 





Born in Surry, May 4th, 1836. Married May 4th, 1858, Miss 
Eliza Grumpier, of Surry, by whom he has three children. Read 
medicine, and gi'aduated at Charleston College in 1857. Prac- 
tices his profession in Wilkes, Surry, Ashe and Alleghany. Was 
a peace man, but served as Surgeon in "Home Guard" during 
the war. Elected to House in 18G5 and 1867, also in 1870. 
Elected to Senate for the term of lSIu-'77. His county not be- 
ing entitled to a Senator for 1879, on account of alternate ar- 
rangements with Alexander, his people nominated him against 
his will for the House, knowing that it was highly essential that 
his name be on the ticket in oc^ler to effect a victory for the 
party; so he was elected by 515 majority. He moved to Wilkes 
county in 1859, and vvhen he began his political career the 
county was 900 Republican majority, and after having taken an 
active part in all the campaigns, he has finally seen the political 
sentiment of the county entirely revolutionized. The political 
fighting and management generally has been directly under his 
control, and much credit is due him for his arduous labors, 
and his people appreciate his efforts, for every nomination that 
he has received has been by acclamation. He is a very active 
and working member. Most of his education was received at 
East Bend, Yadkin county. Was raised on a farm. Read med- 
icine under Dr. M. Y. Eolger, of Rockford, the old county site 
of Surry. — Democrat. 



Born in Rutherford county, Feb. 17th, 1838. Began the 
study of medicine in 1858. Entered Jefferson Medical College, 


of Philrtdelphia, in October, 1850, and graduated March 1st, 
18G1. lie volunteered and entered the Confederate service Ma}^ 
1st, 1861, as a member of company D. IGth regiment. In Feb. 
18G2 was detailed to recruit the old company, but secured men 
enough for a new company and was elected 1st Lieutenant. At 
the battle of Seven Pines he was with Hampton's Legion, at 
which time Capt. Kilpatrick was killed, after which Mr. liar- 
rell Avasmade Captain of the company. Went into liamseur's 
brigade and remained in that command until the close of the 
war. Was captured by the Federalists near Petersburg on the 
25th of March, 1865, taken to Old Capitol at Washington, and 
from thence to Fort Delaware. Was released the 19th of June, 
1865. Settled in Wilkes after the war and has been practicing 
medicine ever since. Married Miss Carrie Carmichael Feb. 18th, 
1864, who died Dec. 26th, 1871. He was elected to his present 
seat by a large majority. Committees: Penal Institutions, Deaf, 
Dumb and Blind, and Immigration. A true member. — Demo- 




Born in Nash county, Jan. 5th, 1820. Educated at Rich- 
ardson's Academy in Wake county. Married Miss Mary T, 
Windrom, of Philadelphia. Has eight children. Was member 
to the House of Representatives from Nash county in 1848-'4:9. 
Clerk of Court of Equity for 4 years in Nash. Studied law under 
Judge Fowler and received license to practice in 1853. Moved 
to Wilson county in 1860. Studied medicine under Dr. J. II. 
Drake, of Nashville, and went to the Medical University of 
Pennsylvania, and graduated in 1848. He is a farmer and mil- 
ler. — Democrat. 






Born in Surry county (now Yadkin) Jan. 3rd, 1843. He is 
son of Rev. Wm. G. Brown, a well known Baptist minister. 
Received the first ludiments of an education in the public schools 
of the community in which he lived. At the age of 1-i years he 
entered Yadkin Institute at Boonville, where he attended two 
sessions. Was married March 13th, 1862, to Miss C. J. Hol- 
comb, of Yadkin county, by whom he has four children. Upon 
the passage of the Conscript Act, during the war, he refused to 
enter the Confederate service. Was detailed by Major Mallett 
to make and haul salt from Saltville, Va., to Yadkin county, 
which he continued to do from the fall of 18G2 to the fall of 
1863. In December of the latter year he was arrested and car- 
ried as a prisoner to Camp Holmes, Raleigh, thence to Raccoon 
Ford, Va. He was offered his liberty on condition that he en- 
ter the service in company H. 21st N. C. S. T. This he em- 
phatically refused to do. He was then tried by " Drumhead 
Court Martial," and retained as a prisoner with General Hoke's 
brigade until the spring of 1864. While at Kinston, N. C, he 
broke prison and made his way in safety to his old home in 
Yadkin county. Since the war he has been teaching school and 
farming alternately. He was appointed magistrate under the 
provisional government of Governor Holden. In 1870 he at- 
tended school at Jamesville Academy. In 1872 he was elected 
surveyor of the county, and re-elected in 1874 and 1876. He 
has taken an active part with the Republican party ever since 
the war. Was the regular nominee of the party in the late elec- 
tion and elected to his present seat in the House of Representa- 
tives by 78 majority. — Republican. 





Born in Yancey county, and educated at the Burnsville High 
School. He enttM'od the Confederate army in 1862. Was ord- 
nance sergeant in the ()2nd regiment. In 18G3 he returned 
home and was with the Home Guard during the balance of the 
war. Here he acted ;is Quartermaster Sergeant. This is his 
first term to the Legislature, he having never aspired to politi- 
cal positions. He has served as magistrate for a number of 
years. Was elected to his present seat by 151 majority and 
serves on the following committees: Finance, Insane Asylum, 
and Salaries and Fees. By occupation he is a farmer and mer- 
chant. He is a jolly and clever gentleman, and will be a for- 
tune to some young lady some of these days. — Democrat. 





Was born in Franklin, Macon county, September 17th, 1838. His 
father, James Robinson, came to North Carolina from Tennessee, was a 
merchant of Note and character, and died in the village that was the birth 
place of his son, June, 1843. His early training was only what the com- 
mon schools of his county and tlie village academy afforded, and a year 
at Emoi-y & Henry College was added to his edu^cation by his own hard- 
earned wages and the kind assistance of a friend and relative. When 
armed men sprang up in every hamlet of North Carolina at the call of 
her authorities he volunteered as a private foot soldier in Company H, 
16th N. C. Troops, and became Quartermaster Sergeant in same regiment. 
At the re-organization he was elected Captain of the Company of which 
he was a soldier and its triumphs became a part of his history. Wounded 
at the Battle of Seven Pines, he led his men over the fields of Manassas 
when it was baptized with blood a second time. Participating in the en- 
gagement at Chantilly Farm he was present at the terrible struggle that 
decided the Maryland campaign at Sharps burg. When he had laid aside 
his sword and returned to peaceful vocations, his people recognized in 
him the deliberate courage and solid qualities of mind that are valuable 
in civil employments; and chose him to be their Commoner in 1868. He 
was returned without opposition in 1870. No mark of confidence could 
have bestowed greater honor upon him. He had been one of a bold and 
true minority that had withstood the seductions of a reckless and ex- 
travagant administration, and had rendered success for the Democracy 
possible. When chosen a representative in 1872, he was almost by com- 
mon consent elevated to the highest honor of the body of which he was 
a member, and when the Speaker's baton was again tendered him in 1874 
it came as a palm of merit that he had no right to put aside. The retri- 
bution in the history of North Carolina came in 1876. The ruins were 
restored. The counties bearing names conspicuously North Carolinian, 
and composing his Senatorial District, called him to serve them in the 
Upper Chamber of the State's councils. He came without opposition, 
and was chosen President of that distinguished body. Long experience 


and great I'aiuiliarily with the dutiesofa presiding oliiccr over a dt-liljer- 
ulive bod}-^ made it eminently fit that he be chosen to fill this high posi- 
tion. Ilis conduct of the business of the Senate from the asssembling of 
tlie Legislature until the (lualirication of Lieutenant Governer Jarvis as 
Uovernor added to his growing rei)upation as a legislator and i>arlianien- 
tarian. No num ever had more loyal constituents and no people ever 
had a more faithful servant. His Senatorial services were endorsed by 
a re-election unsouglit and to wliicli no opi)osition was offered. He was 
elected President of the Senate February 5th, and served in that capacity 
witli great accejitability to the wliole Senate. His familiarity witli parli- 
mentary usages, his 1)old and fearless impartiality and quickness of de- 
cision rendered him admirably fitted for the honored position he filled 
so well. 

ROBERT Mcknight furman, secretary, 


Is a gentleman of fine personal appearance and possesses qualities that 
win friends wherever he goes. He is about 33 years old, is married, has 
two children. He is a native of Franklin county. His life since matu- 
rity has been spent principally in the newspaper business. When onh' 
20 years of age he established the American Eagle, at Louisburg, Frank- 
lin county— this was in year 186(3. After some time this paper was moved 
to Henderson and the name changed to that of the Henderson Index, 
which he publislied until 18()9, during wliich year he sold out the paper 
and fixtures to Cicero W. Harris, Esq., now editor of the Wilmington 
Daily Sun. In December of IStiO he moved to Norfolk, Va., and publish- 
ed the Norfolk Courier for one year, after which he had charge for some 
time of the editorial columns of the Ridgeway Press. He was then em- 
ployed for some time on the Raleigh Daily Sentinel. This was during 
the prosperous days of Josiah Turner. He reported the proceetlings of 
the Legislature for this paper at the time W. W. Holden, Governor of 
the State, was impeached. After severing his connection witli this paper 
he revived the Franklin Courier and published it until October 1.S72 — at 
which time he purchased the Asheville Citizen from Capt. Natt. Atkin- 
son, and in connection witli .Jordan Stone, Esq., is still publishing that 
paper. At the State Convention held in Greensboro in 1872, at the time 
Merrimon was nominated for Governor, he received next to the highest 
vote cast for Secretary of State. John Womack, of Chatham, his oppo- 
nent, was nominated by a verj' small majority. He w-as elected Se<-ie- 
tary of the Senate for the session of 1876-77, and re-elected without oppo- 


sition to the same position in the present Senate. He is thoroughly con- 
versant witli tlie work of the office and makes an efficient Secretary. — 

JOHN S. TOMLINSON, Engrossing Clerk, 


He is a native of Iredell county. January 1st, 1875, he purchased one- 
half interest in the Piedmont Press, Hickory, N. C, and located in that 
town. September 11th of the same year, he became sole owner and is yet 
the editor and projirietor ot that papier. — Democrat. 

PLATT D. COWAN, Reading Clerk of Senate, 


Is a native of New Hanover county and a son of the late Robert H. 
CoAvan, Esq. He is a lieavy built young man, measures 5 feet 10 inches, 
brown eyes, black hair and moustache and runs above 200 avoirdupoise. 
When a boy he attended the High School at Oxford, Granville county; 
later he spent some time about the classic halls of the State University. 
At the age of twelve years he was librarian of the Wilmington Librarian 
Association, after which he was connected for a number of years with 
the Carolina Central Railway Company, but more recently has held a 
position as clerk in th^ criminal Court of New Hanover county. His 
father was a very eloquent speaker and represented his native county 
many times in the State Legislature. He is a grandson of the lamented 
Hon. David Sioiie, of Bertie county, who was once Governor of North 
Carolina, Supreme Court Judge and Senator to the United States Con- 
gress. — Demo-rat. 

H. D. MURRILL, Seargeant-at-Arms. 

Is from and a native of Onslow county, was born in the year 1840. He 
served during the whole war between the States in different capacities. 
During the last twelve years he has been engaged in farming. He mar- 
ried a daughter of Dr. Charles Duffy, of Onslow county, she has been 
dead four years. — Democrat. 

(135 ) 

W. V. CLIFTON, Assistant Dook Kkki>i u. 


Is a native of Franklin county, wa.s ))orn in the year 1840. He served 
four years in the Confodorate service, and was in prison at Point Look- 
out. After the war he served two years as Dc])uty Sheriff of Franklin 
county, since which time he has been livint? in Wake and engaged at 
farniinp:. He was married in 1866, and has two children, one boy and 
one girl. — Democrat. 





Was born at Moringsville, in Chatham county, on the 11th of March, 
1{S41, and raised on a farm. He was educated at Graha)n College and at 
our time-honored State University, and would Jiave graduated ^\ith the 
class of 1863 — 'G4 but for the war between the Suites. He left the classic 
shades of Chapel Hill in the spring of 1S62 avid joined as a private in 
Company G, 7th Regiment North Carolina Stale Troops, and was Ser- 
geant Major of the regiment at the surrender of Johnston at (Jreens- 
boro, in 1865. When the war was over he studied law, obtained his 
license and entered successfully upon the practice of his profession in 
the counties of Chatham, Orange and Alamance. In 1872 the people of 
Chatham county recognizing his merits, elected him to the Legislature 
of North Cai-olina. In this Legislature he was the chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Engrossed Bills, and a prominent member of the Committees 
on the Judiciary and the State debt. In 1874 he was re-elected by a largo 
majority to the General Assemblj'. In 1>S76 he was elected by an in- 
creased majority to the General Assembly. He was a member of the 
committee to locate the Western Insane Asylum, and on the committee 
to cancel and destroy the coupons received under the Funding Acts of 
1867-'68 ; and was on the committee with Major John W. Graham, of 
Orange ; Montford McGehee, of Person ; L. K. Waddell, of Johnston, 
and Thos. R. Purnell, of Wake, to examine aiul cancel the vouchers in 


office of Treasurer and reported this session. Last summer Mr. Moring 
was elected to the House by a larger majority than ever before. The 
people of Chatham are devotedly attached to him ; they have honored 
him by their unwavering support, and he has served them and the peo- 
ple of the State faithfully and ably. Mr. Moring is a good debater and 
industrious member, a good liarlianientarian and a true man. His de- 
cided character, even temper, quickness and experience fit him admira- 
bly for the post of Speaker, and the duties of that office have been faith- 
fully executed. — Democrat. 

JOHN D. CAMERON, Peincipal Clkrk, 


Is a native of Cumberland county. He was educated at Chapel Hill, 
he having graduated with the class of 1841. He was for some time editor 
in chief of the Raleigh Daily News ; has been editor and proprietor of 
the Hillsboro Recorder for six years ; also contributing editor of the 
Farmer and Mechanic. He has filled the place he now occupies for the 
three past sessions of the General Assembly. His exijei-ience and busi- 
ness qualifications ijeeuliarly fit him to fill the responsible place. — Dem- 



The Engrossing Clerk of the present and the last two Houses of Rep- 
resentatives was born in Gainsville, Ga., March 27th, ISSl, and is 48 years 
of age. He received a common school education, and was trained to the 
mercantile business. At the age of 5 years his father, Reuben Barrett, 
took him to Lumpkin county, Georgia, to which place the old gentleman 
moved with his family. Here the Major attended school, and com- 
menced clerking at the age of 17. Leaving this place he went to Rome, 
Ga., and clerked until 1851, when, in company with a lot of adventurers, 
he went to California and remained 4 years, engaged in mining, at whic'h 
business he acquired and saved a considerable sum of money. While in 
California he met with, and was a boon companion of, the distinguished 
but unfortunate Indian warrior, Capt. Jack, Chief of the Modocs, and 
contracted a warm and life-long friendship for that ill-starred hero. In 

( 137 ) 

1854 he returned to Romq, iQ^i, and opetnedi^ d/yrjfopds store. This, after 
one year's trial, he changed into a connnission business, and made a for- 
tune. Upon the outbreak of the JateNVar b^ween the States he promptly 
obeyed the call of his country and enlisted as a private in Company "A," 
8th (Jeorgia Reginjont, then comnuuidcil by tlie lamented IJartow, who 
fell at the first Manassas. A few days'after this battle he was promoted 
by Gen. .Tos. E. Johnston to the rank o?Ma)or, and placed in command 
of tlie Hith Confederate Battalion, composed entirely of Irishmen; and 
witli tliis command lie coiitinuecl Until the fnvasion of 'Pennsylvania. 
While at Leesburg, on this eventful cami>ftign,' iie' was ordered by the 
Secretary of War to report to hini at Richmond,' and ivai^ assigned to 
duty with the army of the West, for secret ser^♦lce, at the special request 
of Gen. Bragg, then in command. With this army he remained, shar- 
ing in all its glories and hardships until the sinking star of the Confede- 
racy paled into its final obscuration at Appomattox! The Major was en- 
gaged in many of; the great ,batt],e.s^ pi \^\f^ waj-,,anjd at the second battle 
of Manassas received a wound which will render him a cripple for life, 
and from wliich he now suffers. In 1862 he was married to Miss Mary 
E. Bright, of Lenoir count3', a'ncf ha.s six' children. He has traveled a 
good deal, and left friends wherever he has gone. He is tall, dignified, 
and commanding in appearance, iriid, but for his wound, would be an 
athletic man. Is a positive man— always has, and never hesitates to ex- 
press, an opinion. Has strong likes, and as strong antipathies. Is quick 
to resent an affront, and, when aroused is a dangerous foe, but wheti 
sllovV^i to be in tlie wronj;, a^'reAd'y-'to forgivfe.— DertiOcrit. 

• ;' M, ■ , . ;,., • .,| ,., 1... . , 

RUBT. W;. B^§'<[;'„Rj:ai>i>« Ci.EmK. 

,iin; •> M(.i 

Is a native of Greene county. In 18o7 he was elected Clerk of (ireene 
county court, which position he held two terms, or eight years. He 
was purcliasing agent lor commissary supplies during the war, under 
Maj. W. W. ^forrli^on and Dr. T. D.'Hf»*g. Aftei' the war closed he was 
appointed Secretary of State, to till the unexpired term of C. R. Thomas, 
and moved to 'Rivleigh in NovembM*, IH6."). He' held the said otlice during 
the administration of Governor Worth, and gave universal satisfaction, 
—s,o much so tliat the Legislature jp. ISUU voted vinaniiriou,sly for his re- 
election. He has filled the prliicipal offices in the Grand Lodge of Ma- 
sons of Xortli Carolina, and was Grand Master in is«is. 

JOHN HILL, Door-Keeper, 


Is one of the smallest men in the House, but is a very energetic and 
working old gentleman. He has seen the frosts of 66 winters, and is to- 
day as active as a young man of 18 summers. He has a wife and one 
child living. He lost two sons during the late contest between the States, 
By profession he is a confectioner at Ashboro, the county town of Ran- 
dolph. He has held the place he now occupies in the General Assembly 
for the whole time during the past eighteen years. — Democrat. 

JAMES P. NORTON, Assistant Door-Keeper, 


Is a large and portly man, weighing 215 lbs. He joined the Confede- 
rate army in March, 1862, and was wounded in the leg at the famous bat- 
tle of Seven Pines. His leg was amputated in the Exchange Hospital, 
Richmond, Va., May 3d. He was a member of Company C, 4th Reg't 
N. C. State Troops, in Gen. Featherston's Brigade and Gen. D. H. 
Hill's Corps. Since the war he has been earning a living for himself and 
his small family by shoemaking and managing a small farm. He was 
elected Assistant Door-Keeper of the House for the session of 1874-'75, 
and Principal Door-Keeper for the Constitutional Convention of 1875. 
For the session of the General Assembly of 1876-'77 he was again elected 
Assistant Door-Keeper of the House and re-elected to the same position 
for the present session. — Democrat. 

A. D. BROOKS, Enrolling Clerk, 
Company Shops, Alamance County, N. C. 

Is a native of Chatham county ; has brown eyes, black hair and motis- 
tache ; stands six feet and six inches in his boots, and tips the scales at 
the even notch of 200 lbs. He graduated at Trinity College in the class 
of 1874-'75. For some time past he has had charge of a Methodist School 
at Company Shops, which school is under the direction of the Hillsboro 
District Conference. Mr. B. is a very clever young gentleman, and is 
rapidly aspiring to matrimonial honors. 



RAI.KIOH, N. r. 

Was born in the county of Currituck on the IStli day of January, 1836. 
His father was a devout and useful member of the M. E. ("iuirch South. 
Owing to straitened circumstances our Governor followed the plow until 
his eighteenth year. When after a year's preparation at home he entered 
Randolph Macon College, in Virginia, and by teaching during his vaca- 
tions and with the aid of friends he was enabled to complete liis educa- 
tion and graduated in 1860, whereupon he immediately began teaching a 
scliool in Pasquotank county and continued until June, 1861, when he 
entered the army and served in the 17th and 8th Regiments N. C. State 
Troops. He shared all the dangers and hardsliips of his command until 
the ITtli of ^lay, 1864, when he was severely wounded at Drury's Rlulf, 
from which wound his right arm now hangs paralyzed at his side. After 
the war he entered into the mercantile business in the county of Tyrrell 
and at the same time arduously pursued the study of law and received 
his license to practice at June Term, 186«>, of tiie Supreme Court. In the 
year 1865 he was elected to the Andrew Johnson Convention. He served 
in the Legislature in the memorable sessions of 1868-"69 and 1870. In 
1870 he was re-elected to the Legislature and made Speaker of tlie House 
of Representatives. His success on the lioor and in tlie chair at once 
stamped him as one of the best parliamentarians and presiding officers in 
North Carolina. He was a candidate for Elector from liis district ob the 
Seymour and Blair ticket and for the State at large on the Greeley ticket. 
In 1874 he mari-ied Miss Mary, the accomplished daugliter of Jolm Wood- 
son, Esq., of Richmond, Va., at one time editor of the Riclimond Wliig. 
In 1875 Gov. .Jarvis was elected to the State (.'onvention from the county 
of Pitt where he had located, and having been nominated for Lieutenant 
Governor in 1876 madea thorougli canvass and was triumphantl}- elected. 
On the 5th of February, 1879, Governor Vaiu-e liaving been elected to tlie 
United States Senate, Gov. Jarvis reajied his merited reward and was in- 
augurated Governor of his State. Governor Jarvis is a man of decided 
ability, and is now taking a prominent i)lace in the estimation of the 
people as the Chief Magistrate of tlie State. — Democrat. 



^ElidiH', N. C. 


AVas born in Raleigh, July 30th, 1835, graduated in June, 1854, studied 
law under Judge W. H. Battle, at Chapel Hill, obtained license to prac- 
tice in the county courts in January, 1866, and another to practice in the 
other courts in June, 1857. On the 10th of October, 1857, he moved to Sal- 
isbury, and resided there until the beginning of the war. In April, 1861, 
he volunteered as a meinl)er of the Rowan Rifle Guards, Cajjt. Fi-ank 
McNeely, and was ordered to Fort Johnston, below Wilmington. In 
June, 1861, he was appointed a Lieiitenant in the " Rowah Artilleiry," 
better known as Reilly's Battery, then in camp for iiistruction her W^I- 
don^ Tlie Batterj'- went with the 4th R%imeilt, N. C. Troops, Colonel G. 
B. Anderson commaridingi to Manassas Junctioli, arriving there a few 
days after the battle, and remained uiVtil its equipment was somewhat per- 
fected, when, having been detached from the Regiment, it was assigned 
to the Artillery Corps of Colonel Pendleton. Having received an appoint- 
ment as Captain from Governor Clark, of North Carolina, he resigned his 
Lieutenancy in January, 1862, and returned to Salisbury, enlisted a com- 
pany of infiintry for the war, carried it to Raleigh for instruction at Camp 
Manguin where it became a part of the 46th Regiment, North Caralina 
Troops, Colonel E. D. Hall commanding. In May, 1862, the regiment 
was ordered to Goldsboro, thence to Richmond, thence to Drury's Bluff, 
where it became a part of Gen. J. G. "Walker's Brigade, better known 
afterwards as Cooke's Brigade, Heth's Division, A. P, Hill's Corps, Army 
Northern Virginia. He was twice wounded — once at the first battle at 
Fredericksbhrg, in the right cheek, and again at the Wilderness in May, 
1864, very severely, the ball entering the left corner of the mouth, and 
passing out at the back of the neck on the right side. He was prom6ted 
in 1862 to be Major, in 1863 to be Lieutenant Colonel, and on the first of 
January, 1864, to be Colonel of his Regiment. His military service was 
terminated at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, by the surrender of 
General Lee, on the 9th of April, 1865, when he was paroled as a prisoner 
of war. On the 3d of February, 1864, at the residence of Mr. Thomas 
Barnes, near Marianna, Florida, he married Florida Call, third daughter 
of the late John W. Cotton, of North Carolina. On the 9th of July, 1865, 
his wife died. With health and strength greatly impaired by wounds, 
Colonel Saunders after the war removed to Florida and engaged in plant- 
ing. Returning to this State, he Avas elected in 1S70 Secretary of the Sen- 
ate, and in 1872 was re-elected. His readiness and familiarity with its 
rules made him a most useful officer of the Senate. From 1872 to 1876 he 
was one of the editors of the Wilmington Journal, winning high char- 
acter as a journalist and great reputation as a wise political leader. To 
him and to his brother-in-law and partner, the late Major Engelhard, 
are greatly due the steady growth and final triumph of the Democratic 


party in Xortli Carolina. In November, 1S76, lie in connei-lion with 
Peter M. Hale, established the Kaleifjcli Daily (Mjserver. Col. Saunders 
was appointed .Se<Tetary by OoV. Jhl-tis onthe 17th of February to till 
iho vacant'}- caused by the death of Maj. Joseph A. Engelhard, who was 
elected by the i>eoi)le in lt<70, and served very acceptably until his death, 
which otx'urred on the loth of February.-rDoijiocrut. 

^lOfllS iVf. WoRTH^ Treasvb^ij, , 

■ I ■ 

YAIyKTOIl, N. < . 

Born in Guilford county June isth, 1811. Graduated hb a physician in 
tiie Medical College at Lexington, Ky. Was a nieriiber of thfe State Sen- 
ate seven dillerent times. His home is now* in ItandolpU t-ounty. — Dem- 

. : ,• 1 . . -11/ /,■;.'•,!■(■/'■ 

THOMAS S. KEXAN. Attorney General. 


Jiorn in Duplin coiyity February 17j:h, 1838. Graduated, at.Cliapel, ,HiU 
in 18.")7. A Lawyer by profession. IJntered the army a^s Captain but was 
promoted to the Colonelcy of the 43d Begiment Xorth Carolina State 
Troops. Was a member of tlie Jlouse of Kepresentatives in 1865 and in 
l!S(36. His honi.€ is at Wilson, X. C— Dcmociat. 

JOHN C. SC4RB0Jl0UGi^, ^ui'fiR^N^EN.D^i^J^'S oy Pu3i.ip,Iy^[i'RUCTioJS, 

UAI/KIOH, N. ('. 

Was born in Wake c'duht^V September 21st, 'l^l- Serv^ct through the 
war. Graduated at Wake Forest in 1869. tils' hoih'e Is how in Johnston 
fouutv. — Democrat. 



Born in Haywood county, August 28th, 1828. Educated at Washing- 
ton College, Tennessee. Read medicine at Asheville, N. C, under Drs. 
Hardy and Lester. Attended the Philadelphia College of Medicine two 
years, and graduated with the class of 1853. Was elected a member of 
Gov. Bragg's Council for the years 1855-'56, but resigned this position 
to accept a seat in the House of Commons, and continued to represent 
his county in that capacity until after the war, he then being banded. 
Next appearance in political life was as a member of the Constitutional 
Convention of 1875. At the State Convention in 1876 he received the 
unanimous vote of the Convention for Auditor, and was elected and still 
holds that office. During the war he held a commission as Sergeon in 
Thomas' Legion. Married October 11th, 1870 to Miss R. E. Boyd, 
daughter of Maj. Robt. Boyd, who died on the 23rd of October, 1878. — 

LEE S. OVERMAN, Pkivate Secretary to Governor, 


Was born in Salisbury on the 3rd day of January, 1854 ; was graduated 
from Trinity College in 1874, receiving the degree of A. B., and three 
years later the degree of A. M. was conferred upon him by his Alma 
Mater. After graduation he taught scliool in Winston two sessions, 
and then accepted the principalship of a Masonic school at County Line 
in Davie county. In June, 1876, he commenced the study of law under 
Col. J. M. McCorkle, of Salisbury, and in the campaign of 1876 took a 
very active part. On the 31st of January, 1877, he was appointed by Gov. 
Vance his confidential clerk, and on the 1st of January, 1879, he received 
the appointment of Private Secretary. While in Raleigh he pursued the 
study of his profession under Richard H. Battle, Jr., Esq., and at the 
January Term, 1878, of the Supreme Court received license and was ad- 
mitted to the bar. On the 31st of October, 1878, he was married to Miss 
Mary O., eldest daughter of Senator A. S. Merrimon. Gov. Jarvis con- 
tinued him in the office of Private Secretary which he now holds. Mr. 
Overman is a good looking and clever gentleman and makes an excel- 
lent Secretary. Since he entered the practice of law he has succeeded 
well, and received the high compliment of gaining the first suit he 
brought before the Supreme Court, and he having in that instance a prima 
facia case against him. — Democrat. 

SHERWOOD HAYWOOD, Statk I.ihkajuan, 


Was born in the city of Raleigh March 19th, 1853, and is the eldest son 
of Dr. R. B. Haywood. He began his studies in his native city under 
Jeft'erson M. Lovejoy, afterwards attending in succession "Pelliani Mili- 
tary Institute, Westchester county. New York, and 13th Street College, 
Philadelphia. After leaving the latter he pursued his studies at Colum- 
bia Law School, New York city, having decided to make the law his pro- 
fession. He returned to Raleigh in the spring of 187o, following the 
study of the law under R. II. Battle, Jr. Having turned his attention 
to politics, he took an active part in the great campaign of 1«76, and was 
one of the leaders in organizing the Tilden-Vance Club of Raleigh, prob- 
ably the largest in the State, having a membersliip of 763 voters, and was 
elected Vice-President of the same. Shortly afterward he was apijoint- 
ed Private Secretary to Gen. W. R. Cox, Chairman of State Democratic 
Executive Committee, which position he held during the entire cam- 
paign. The Democratic ticket being elected, he was appointed by Gov. 
Z. B. "Vance State Librarian soon after he was inaugurated, January 1st, 
1877, since which tinie he has devoted himself to the duties of that office 
and the study of his profession. He applied to the Supreme Court, and 
after examination was admitted to practice as an attorne3- and counselor 
at law January 1st, 1878. His close attention to his duties as Librarian, 
his genial disjiosition and pleasant nuinners have rendered him very 
popular with all who visit the State Library. — Democrat. 

DONALD W. BAIN, Clerk to the Treasurer, 


Born in the city of Raleigh April 2d, 1841. Was educated by Professor 
.1. M. Lovejoy. Was prepared for College, but preferring to engage in 
business pursuits, he never entered college. Was married .lanuary 26, 
1865, to Miss Adelaide V. Hill. Is a member of the M. E. Church, South, 
and has served as an officer in said church since 1866. He entered the 
office of Comptroller under C. H. Brogden in 1857. In this capacity he 
served the State until appointed Chief <"lerk of the Treasury Depart- 
ment, which he lias held ever since. In February, 1867, lie was apjjoint- 
ed Grand Secretary of tlie Grand Lodge of Masons in North Carolina, 
and has been annually elected ever since. He also holds the position of 
Grand Secretary and Gr. Recorder of the other Masonic bodies in tlio 
State. Mr. Bain has the confidence of every one who knows him, and a 


more deserving, Morthy gentle^iian ,is uot to,bQ Jfo.uA^c^.in tUe State. He 
is a most estimable gentleman, ahcl all who know him love him. — Dem- 

: , ■ -n! ,ii ^ ,Ni'i - -ill . ..;. .-.■11 

THOMAS C. WQ.|f:^H,.TKLLER OF Treasub,y, 

.-■( /■ ./ , 

W'ili /'■ i;! -'ilJ t>/l;;i(i u: \y \u ■■ ; . r.i .' ri'i .1 •■'■ • A :■■ ■ f /i >'/ :■ ■ ' ■r' 1 
as porn the Qth of November, 1854. , He was educated at the Bingham 

School, and yip 'to the time of his . appointnieiat as Teller, was engaged 

witii his fatiier, Hon. J. M. Worth, in mercantile pursuits. Upon the 

withdrawal of Hon. jVI. S. Robins, in 1876, from the editorial di^.ties on 

the Randolph Regulator, to accept the nomination of vState Senator from 

the 25tli District, he was left editor-in-chief during the hottest period of 

the campaign of 1876. He graduated at .fudge Strong's Law School in 

1878, January term. His business accomplishments eminently fit him 

for the responsible trust he holds in the Treasury Department. He vvas 

married on. the iJd of October, 1878, to a daughter of Mr. George C. Hau- 

liah, of Charlotte county, Va. — Democrat. 

JAJylES, McLEOI^' TURNER, Keeper of the Cap^tol^ 

RAJjEIGH, n. c. 

Born in District of Columbia, near Washington, D. C, Februax-y 24th, 
1841. Came to North Carolina in the earty part of the year 1852. Lociated 
in Hillsboro ; received an education at Alexandria High School, Alex- 
andria, Va. Loe^ted inSalisbuf^ in' 1858. '■ At th6 call of Gfov. Ellis for 
troops to man the Forts on the coast, he joined the first company that 
left Salisbury and was ordei-ed'to Fort Johnson, at Smithville, N. C. 
Remained there two months, when he received an appointment from the 
Governor to raise a company for the war. Was assigned to the 7th Reg- 
iment under Col. Reuben P. Cajnpbell. The following brief statement 
of his career diiring tliQ war is copied from the Roll of Honor : "His 
company was mustered into service as Co.. F,; "th N« tJ. Regiment, Aug. 
21st, 1861, He was in couimaud of the rear guard, at New Berne, N. C, 
and his company was left to burn the bridge over the Trent River after 
the retreat of our foi'ces. . He was slightly wounded in the side. He was 
l^resent at the battle of Hanover. Court House, Va., in all the battles 
around Richmond, at Cedar Run, Manassas Plains, and 2d battle of Ma- 
nassas, where lie was wounded in the head and compelled to leave the 
field. He rejoiiied his command shortly after, the battle of Sliepherds- 
town, and was with it in the battle of Fredericksburg December 13th, 


18G0, uliu.iu^j »v.i., ui^aiii ilaiigeioiisly woiiiuknl by ii btill tnrough the 
right lung :uul also soveicly in the head, lie was promoted to Major of 
this Regiment May :Jd, ISfi.",, to fill a vacancy occasioned by the death of 
Lieut. Col. Hill. lie rejoined his commuud in time to take part in the 
campaign in Pennsylvania, and commanded his regiment in the battle 
of <^ettysl)urg ; was wounded by a ball passing near the spinal column, 
disabling him probaldy lor lile; was captured ou that battle-ricld on July 
:id, LSiW, and held a prisoner ol" war for fourteen months. The "tli Itegi- 
ment had not a braver soldier or more efficient otHcer than Maj. Turner." 
After his release from prison his general officers insisted on his promo- 
tion to Lieutenant-Colonel before retirement, for which he had applied, 
being so disabled as to bo unable to return to a<^tive service. Since the 
war he has been for the j^reater part of the time unable to attend to any 
bu.sille^8. He was elei:(ed J-^agiossing Clerk to the Senate session of 
ls7ii-"7.'J, and was chosen without opposition (o the same position each 
succeeding year, until in .lanuary, 1S77, he was appointed Keeper of the 
Capiiol by (Jov. Vance. He sutrers a great deal every day from the olieet8 
of the wouud.s received during the war. He is an intelligent and highly 
cuULvaied genticman, and has a large circle of warm friends. —Democrat. 


RALKIUll, N. ('. 

Was born in Cliatham county February '2M, is;*,4. Gloved to Raleigh 
in 1S51. Was married December 23d, 1859, to Miss Eliza Massingall, of 
Wake con.nty, by whom he has five children. Was in the Confederate 
service from the beginning to the end. lie served as teamster for the 
medical department of tl\e 26th (Col. Vance's) Regiment. He was ap- 
pointed Janitor of the Capitol eight years ago, and has held the position 
ever since with mucli credit to himself. He is very attentive, and per- 
forms his duties faithfullv. — Democrat. 

(;i:i;aui> w. rvuTiN, CAfn.ii, wm. mm 

lioni in \> aki. (•c.<,.,ii_\ .mj\ ciiiliei liUli, l.^^i'. iv.u>.i'. i dh jiiuim. \ ijI- 
unteered an'' entered the Confederate service on the "A May, iJStil, wh>< 
a member of Company D, JOth Regiment X. C'. State Troops. He was 
woundeil the .id day of .July, ISii.'J, at tlie battle of Gettysburg, Pa., which 
wound afterwards caused tlie amputation of his right arm. .\ner the 


war has been engaged in farming, imtil 1877 was appointed by Colonel 
J. McLeod Turner as Capitol Policeman. His duties are to remain up 
all night and patrol the various parts of the Capitol building, to see that 
there is no danger of fire breaking out in the different rooms, and to 
suppress any disturbance that might occur on the Capitol grounds.— 

LEONIDAS L. POLK, Commissioner of Agricui-tuhk, 


Born in Ansou county April 2-lth, 18o7— a descendant of the Mecklen- 
burg family of Polks. The only child by the second marriage of his 
father. Parents died when he was about 15 j^ears old. Educated only 
in the English branches and chiefly in the schools of his county ; was 
one year at Davidson College. Married at 20 years of age. Engaged in 
farming. Was elected to the Legislature in 1860 as a Union Whig ; served 
three sessions. Entered the Confederate service as a private in the 26th 
North Carolina Regiment in May, 1862. Was appointed by Col. Vance 
Sergeant Major of the Regiment ; was elected Lieutenant of Co. I, 43ci 
Noi-tli Carolina Regiment, February, 1803. Was nominated and elected 
to the Legislature in the fall of 1864 as "the army candidate." Was 
elected to the Constitutional Convention in 1865, and served the two ses- 
sions. Has since persistently declined to hold political olflce. Was ap- 
point-ed Commissioner of Agriculture by the Board, April 2d, 1877. 
Resides in Raleigh. — Democrat. 

THOMAS J. ROBINSON, Sec'y and Tkeas. Board of Agrxculture, 


Was born in Cumberland county, A. D. 1827. Is a graduate of the 
University of North Carolina, class of 1849. Was married at the age of 
25. Engaged in farming and afterwards in teaching school ; was ap- 
pointed Professor of Mathematics in the United States Navy, and at the 
breaking out of the war resigned his commission and returned to North 
Carolina; was connected with the Confederate Arsenalin Fayetteville, 
and held the position of Chief of Laboratory at the time of the surrender. 
Since then for several years was engaged in civil engineering, and iu 
April, 1877, was appointed to his present position. — Democrat. 




The Insane Asylum of North Carolina is situated one mile southwest 
of the Capitol at Raleigh. It is a building of imposing exterior, extend- 
ing 72(> feet; the wings are three stories in height. The (.-eutre building 
is 80 by 120 feet, four stories high, with an observatory whifh is 110 feet, 
from the basement. On the fourth floor of the centre building are 
water tanks of a capacity of 15,000 gallons, which are filled by means of 
the steam pump operating on Rocky Branch some three oi- four hundred 
yards from the building. The walls of the building are of brick stuccoed 
on a granite foundation. The doors, floors, window frames and other 
parts of tlie internal finisli, are of the common long leaf pine of the country. 
Tlie entire basement of the centre and wings of the building is occupied 
by the heating apparatus, water, steam and gas piping, and the large 
pipes for carrying_otf the sewerage. The steam is conveyed by pipes to 
the radiator at the base of the flues in the walls, thence through tlie Hues 
to eacli story above where it enters the rooms and corridors tlirough reg- 
isters inserted |in the Jwalls. The water is conveyed by pipes from the 
tanks in the attic to all parts of the building; one large pijie taking it to 
the boilers in the basement where it is heated and tlien by the force of 
gravity carried by a separate sj-stem of pipes to the same points, so that 
every part of the building is supplied with hot and cold water side by 
side. The liouse wasjoriginally constructed to accommodate 224 innuites. 
but owing to the great demand for admission there have been during the 
past years as many as 275 crowded witliin its wards. The buildings are 
well prepared against fire, the apparatus and arrangejuent being very 
complete, and the large supply of Avater contained in the tanks in tlie at- 
tic, besides a reservoir of 43,000 gallons near the boiler house, can, at a 
moment's notice, be^^tlirown on any i art of the house from within or 
witliout by an eugine^kcpt always in readiness for action. The first act 
incor])orating the Insane Asylum of North Carolina was passed by the 
Legislature of 1848, making an approj>riation of ^S(t,(iOO. Other appropri- 
ations were made by subseqi.ent Legihlatures, ilie whole amounting to 
about »;j(M»,0O0. The first inniale, Antlrew M. Holderby, of Rockingliani 
county, a soldier of the'.Mcxican war, was admitted on the 22nd of Feb- 
ruary, 1856. From that time to the spring of 187S, as shown by the re- 
part of the Sui.erintendont to the Board of Directors, tliere have been. 


admitted to the institution 1,2-10 patients, of wliich number :315 wen- dis- 
chavged cured, 127 improved, 180 stationary, and 384 died, leaving upon 
the books 281 under treatnieut the present year. The euterijrise of erect- 
ing and maintaining an Asylum lor the insane met witli very strong op- 
position at the outset. The success of the movement Wias owing mainly 
to the personal influence and exertion of Miss D. L..T)ix, whose life has 
been devoted to the alleviation of the sutterings of this class of our fellow 
creatures both in this country and Europe^. On both continents she has 
been directly instrumental in the organization of hospitals and asylums 
for their care and treatment, and in arousing sympaLhy in their behalf. 
Tlivough lier efforts the Pope was influenced, some years ago, to erect a 
magnitlient institution for the insane at Eome. Soon after the passage 
of tliu act of incorporation in 1818, the Commissioners of the Asylum 
were organized by the appointmeiit of Goveraior Ivlorehead as Chairman, 
and the work on the building was begun. The supcH-intendency was first 
ottered to Dr. Edmund Strudwick, of Hillsboro, who accepted it only tem- 
porarily. He Avas succeeded by Dr. Edward C. Fisher, of A'irginia, on 
the flrst day of October, 1853, as Superintendent of Construction and 
Medical SuiJerintendent. He held the position until the 7th of July, 
1868, when he resigned and was succeeded by the present incumbent, Dr. 
Eugene Grissom, of Granville county. The other ofricers of the institu- 
tion at present are Dr. F. T. Fuller, Assistant Pliysician, who has held 
that position and faithfully performed its duties continuously since his 
election in 1856; Mr. James H. Moore, Steward, who is now filling the 
position for the third time with much acceptability ; IMrs. M. A. Law- 
rence, Matron, who has occupied the place witli great erticiency for ten 
years, and Mr. James S. West, Engineer, who was elected at the regular 
meeting of the Board in December, 1877. The Insane Asylum is one of 
our grandest State cJiai ities and ought to be cherished and sustained by 
our liegisl; vii , ;.iM ■ > i worthy object of State pride by all our 


Owing to thn increase of iiissiuity in the State l)y reason of whi'.-Ii '' 
Asylum at Raleigh was insuflicient to accommodate all of those -^o ': 
Ibrtunate the Legislature of 1874-75 thougJit wise to locate and b-iild an 
Asylum in the n part cc" the State and to this end sent a special 
committee westward with instructions to visit Statesville, Morrjanton, 
Asheville and other points, and rojiort the most advantageous place <>f 
ocation. Following the report of thatcoiTLmittec, the location was c.)'i- 

( 14^' ) 

I ' ■ 

to carry out t]u :• ., iT 

Orange ; Dr. 

ford; Col. T. 

Very soon, ' Wni. A. ' ". 15. 

1)011 • • ■ - ■■' ■ •■ . Tlie 

Eo lull 

ofi I :;ii arciii- 

to. , 'h' build- 

ing. J. •.-.icd ij.v Liic \ ox'y L:oj.nin_'aiuas iiiitl well ap- 

polni'v' \\:-Q that time lia:i been' slowly but surely 

rearing iis head over one of the most beautiful landscape scenes 
tobefoud in Western North Carolina. The site is one that lias called 
forth the admiration of all who have ever visited it. Elevated as it is, 
its surroundings are pictercs(jne in the extreme. Immediately in front 
a placid and beautiful lake of water lloats out upon the view, wliilst on 
every side the most enticing prospect of arable land is presented. At a 
distance the view is one of sAJrpubsing grandeur and beauty. To the 
north may be seen the Grandfather and Table Koek mountains, then 
follow in one vast circle Hi Briton, the South Mountains, the Pilot, Black 
ISFountain, Mounts Mitchell and Clingman, with others of lesser note. 
All this would seem to be 'peculiarly adapted in its soothing influence 
upon the mind of the Insane. Tiie water supply of tlie Asylum is brought 
by pipes four and three-fourths miles from a spring in the heart of the 
South ^Mountains, and considering the importance of an abundant sup- 
ply of pure water to an institution of this kind does credit to the wisdom 
of the commissioners who contrived it. The work progressed during 
the seasons of l«75-'76. until tlie commission expended about seventy- 
five thousand dollars Avith which they had bought the site and requisite 
lands, (in all over two hundred acres), had laid the water line, and put 
into the walls about two and one half millions of brick, making alto- 
gether a fine showing in the imjiortant w'ork they had undertaken. The 
entire length of the building is 018 Ccet in a straight line. Has a centre 
building and four wings in the rigiit and left of this, three of which are 
parallel and the end ones at right angles to them. The centre building 
is four stories high, the first two wings three stories, the others two sto- 
z-ies, twenty separale wards in all. The material used is all of best qual- 
ity. Under an act of the Legislature, enlitled "An act to provide for the 
completion of the Western Asylum for the Insane," ratified ^March 7th, 
1877; Col. J. C, Harper, of Caldwell county, (who had also served on the 
former Board since Dr. M. Whitehead resigned), J. G. Hall, Esq., of Ca- 
tawba, and Col. W. 8. Pearson, of Burke, were appointed to still further 
prosecute thfi work. Their iiumnL'-cnicnt has been in effect to carry out 


the wise plans adopted by their predecessors.'^They, howevei*, were' 
limited to the construction of the centre building and south winfi;s, leav- 
ing the north wings until the State'should be financially better prepared 
to carry out the entire original plan, and an early completion of a part of 
the building being demanded by the necessities of the insane. This 
commission placed in the walls about three and one half million brick, 
have the sovith wings about seven-eights covered with slate, and have 
expended some sixty thousand dollars. It is thought an aditional ex- 
penditure of one hundred thousand dollars will put the bviilding in con- 
dition to be used. Investigation has shown this work to sui-pass any 
previous public work in point of workmanship and economy of exjien- 



The North Carolina Institution for the education of the Deaf, Dumb 
and Blind was founded in 1849. There are now present in the Institu- 
tion one hundred and thirty-five laupils. The principal officers are, H. 
A. Gudger, Principal ; R. S. Tucker, President of the Board ; E. Hall, 
Stewart. The Institution is iinder the management of a Board of Direct- 
ors, (7) appointed by the Governor and confii-med by the Senate. Their 
term of office is two years and until their successors are aiapointed. The 
Principal is elected by the Board for the same length of time — the other 
officers for one year. The Institution for the colored Deaf and Dumb 
and Blind was commenced in 1868. The building now occupied by 
them was built under an appropriation made by the Legislature of 1873. 
It is located one mile from the main Institution and is under the same 
Board of Directors and principal officers. Pupils from the State, be- 
tween 8 and 21, are admitted free of cliarge. Total number of white and 
colored deaf mute and blind persons under instruction at present is one 
hundred and ninety-four. The Institution is in a prosperous condition. 
Under the general order to investigate the affiiirs of the Penal and Chari- 
table Institutions, the committee made a most flattering report as to the 
efficiency of the officers of this Institution and the manner in which they 
had dischai-ged their duties during the two past years. 

THE UNIA'EUSITY OF Noimi (;A1{( )I,I N A, 

CTiAI'KI. II 1 1, 1., X. C. 

The Uuiversily ol" NoiLli Caroliii.i was e.stal)lished in oljetlienee to a 
clause of Section XLI ol" llie Conslitiition of the State, adopted on tlie 
IStli of December, 177(), viz : "All useful learning shall be duly encour- 
aged and promoted in one or more Universities." In conse<pienco of 
the exigencies of the "War for Independence, and the prostration follow- 
ing it, some years elapsed before tlie mandate of the Constitution was 
carried into effect. On the 2Ist of November, 1789, the Convention of 
the State, sitting in Fayetteville, ratified the Constitution of the United 
States and entered the American Union. One month thereafter the Gen- 
eral Assmnbly, sitting in the same town, granted the Charter of the Uni- 
versity. The ])reamble declares that "in all well regulated governments 
it is the indispensable duty of every Legislature to consult the happiness 
of the rising generation, and endeavor to tit them for an honorable dis- 
charge of the social duties of life by paying the strictest attention to 
their education," and that " a University supported by permanent funds, 
and well endowed, would have the most diiect tendency to answer the 
above purpose." The trustees -were the leading men of that day, many 
of them having assisted in framing the Constitution of 177(5. In Novem- 
ber, 1792, the I'niversity was located at Chapel Hill, in the county of 
Orange, near the centre of the State, twenty-eight miles from Kaleigii, 
the seat of government, on an elevated plateau several hundred feet 
above the sandstone basin, which traverses the State ; a i)lateau remark- 
able for the purity of its water, the beauty and variety of its forest 
growth, the healtlifulness of its climate. The land on which the build- 
ings are located, 840 acres in one l)odj-, was donated liy the citizens of the 
neighborhood. In October, 1793, the cornerstone of the first building, 
the Old East, was laid with Masonic honors by Governor Win. Richard- 
son Davie, <irand Master. The doors were opened for students in Feb- 
ruary, 1795. The buildings are now seven in number, affording accom- 
modations for 500 students, with ample recitation rooms and pul)lic halls. 
The University had attained a commanding position among the Institu- 
tions of learning of this country, having nearly five hundred students, 
when the great civil war dispersed its students and shattered its endow- 
ment. In 1S72 its doors were closed and were not re-opened until Sep- 
tember, 1875. In the fourth year after this re-opening the numlier of 
matriculates was 200. It is evidently rapidly regaining its former pros- 
perity. The University is under the control of a Board of 72 Trustees 
elected by the joint vote of the General Assembly. Of these one-fourth 
go out of office, and their places are tilled every two years. Although 
not required by law, in practice they ai-e distributed among the Con- 
gressional Districts, The Hoard meets regularly twice a year ; in the 
winter at a day selected by the Chairman, and during t-ommcnccment 

( 152) 

week. Tlic , L.ijor is ex- 

ofn lum. T]ie Uiiiver- 

sit\ ;.w 1 , ,..,.^: . , _.,. .... .,..>: „^^.v,_ X . >, .^ ....uiner vacations. In 

1878 there were over four hundred " teachers and those desiring to teach " 
in attendance, including some of the most experienced teachers in the 
State. All the branches usual in otir public schools were taiight, and 
besides for the more advanced — Latin, Algebra, Higher English, Chem- 
istr3^ The Kindergarten system was likewise unfolded bj'- a skilled in- 
structor, ^pss Coe, of New York, Care was taken to secure the services 
of experts in Kornial methods. Prof. J. J. Ladd, late Superintendent of 
the public schools of Stau*nton, Va., was Superintendent of the Scliool. 
He delivered many lectures on school discipline, organization, <fec., &c. 
The enthusiasm aroused by tJie University Normal School has given a 
strong impetus to the cause of education in this State. 



In coi:^ ' ".article 3, of tli' 'ustitution, the 

Legislature passed an act March 12th, 1877, for the creation of the Dei:)art- 
ment. The Board consists of the Governor, the President of the Univer- 
sity, the IVTaster of tlie State Gr<mge Patrons of Husbandry, the President 
of the State Agricultural Society, the State Geologist, and J. K. Thigpen, 
of Edgecombe county, and Jonathan Evans, of Cumberland county. L. 
L, Polk, of Anson, Commissioner ; Thos. J. Robinson, of Cumberland, 
Secretary and Treasurer; Dr. A. R. Ledoux, of N. Y., Analytical Chem- 
ist ; Geo. Warnecke, of Germanj^ Assistant Chemist ; Wm. B. Phillips, 
of Orange, Assistant Chemist. Tlie Department has a corps of corres- 
pondents representing every county and almost every township in the 
State, tliro ugh whose aid the Commissioner is enabled to collect speci- 
mens of the various j^roduets — to collect and disseminate such infor- 
mation as relates to the various resources, industries and conditions of 
our people. A Museum is connected with the office, where is displayed 
the collection of si^eciniens, maps of counties, charts, <kc. The Fertilizer 
Control Station, under the direction of Dr. Ledoux, at Chapel Hill, ana- 
lyzes fertiii;:ers, soils,' waters, minerals, chemicals, etc., for the farmers 
of the State. The Department is sustained entii-ely by a tax on fertili- 
zers, and is the only one iii America that is kept up wilhout a tax on the 
people. AUhough it is yet in its infaucj'^, it has accomplished much good 
and will doubtless do a gieat work in building up the material prosperi- 
tv of the State. 


iM 6kil 1 \mm hm 



Assets, December 31, 1878, ;j^i5,179,128.34 

Ha< sur] Ills over nil Linl>illti(>>t. llosorve at 4 ]ior coiit, A P..10 4,076.75 

Received in 1S78, pi-einumis, interest, tVc, 9,li0,i2l.40 
Ratio of expense cf nitinrq:i innit to reee:])ts in ]?7? only, 6.57 per cent. 

Policie.s in foreo Thc M T, I :-. i;|. 7i. irsn -ii.- 170,319.161.00 

Pai.n>. nilir; liiii-^ .IV-, 3,i07,5;i.3.28 

Paid i.-v..i,...,v- t 2,346,137.71 s.-l.d for 1 , - Uotr.s, ice. 

^. i). WAIT, General Agent, 





(FOTJIsTDEI? 3VE.A.^2", 1848.' 

The TtlGlIT REV. THEO. B. LYAIAN, I). I)., 




Lady Pringu'al. 



Attorneys i Counselors at Law, 

RALEKill, X. C. 

Ag- I'mcf icf in tlic i^taieand !'• (U ml ;iii.ri.s wherever their services may be 


Jeweler and Engraver, 




Keeps a full line of all articles found in a first-class Jewelry 


FlAIl 411 f 4ie¥ llliS, 

Made to oi'der at short notice. (Send for Patent Ring Size.) 


a Specialty. 

Orders from a distance solicited. ^S'Goods sent on approval to any part of the 
State on satisfactory references. 





11ALEI(;IL N. C. 


JOHN GATLING, President. 

W. H. CKOW, Vice-President. 

W. S. PRIMROSE, Secretary and Treasurer. 

P. COWPER, Adjuster and Supervisor. 




University of North Carolina, 

Commencement, 1st Thursday in June of each year. 

Tlie Sossion lu'fenns last Thursday in AuRiist and continues, with a week's vaca- 
tion at Christmas, until first Thursday in June. 

For fatalog'iie. apply to 
KEMI» 1». BATTIiE. Prof. €. D. «RAXI>Y, 

I>r«>si4l('n<. Secretary. 






Larg'o Stock of g-oods constantly on hand, consisting of 


And everythin;^ kept in a First-class Tailoring Establishment. 



Physician and Surgeon, 



LAWEENCE & REN'FROW, Pkoi'rietors, 



Persona visiting Raleigh should not fail to give this flrst-class establishment S 
call, where they will always Hnd the finest 


Wines and Liquors sold in any quantities less than fa e gallons. The best North 
Carolina and Virginia Liquors always on hand. 

For good Boots and Shoes, or Trunks, at low prices, call or send to Heller Bros 
Raleigh, N. C. Ordei-s by mail promptly filled. 

3^ api* , ^ 




Write for Catalogue. 


HAW University 



This Schoul is beautifully located in the city of 'Raleigh, N. C, within live min- 
utes walk of the Post Office and Capitol. The gTouiids include several acres of 
land, and are among the finest in the City. This Institution already furnishes by 
lar the largest accommodations of any colored male and female school in North 
Oai-olina, and in the large number of advanced pupils, is not equaled by any col- 
ored Institute in this country. 

REV. H. M. TUPPER, A. M., 


A_ttoniev at I.ja-w^ 


J3S= Special aitt'iititn given to collection of claims in all parts of the State. •^58. 



Practice in the State and Federal Courts, in Western North Carolina." 



fjL J£ Xj JLi I j^ ISi .til.) jiL 

^ di^i ^H^ j^ijj' Jmj M\i} M^ ^ 


Mrs. Oettiiigoj* attends to Millin(M*v Branch. 

i^S•=•0^•der^i from a clistjince will rrun t with inMini.t iittPiiticn-=S^ 



Booksellers and Stationers, 


School Books and Sunday ^'(•liool Books a'^e si)ocialt!<\s. Now C'atalofcups free 
on ai>i)Uc-<tiun. Every thing' in our line at LOWEST hRICES. 




The Piedmont Wagon Co. 

Has (lotonninpd <o ^i * » few of their i- I^hrated wagons i v. trod need throughont 
tlie eoiintvy. and for that jdirjSoso have dctiriuiiicd tO sell their wagons at aston- 

vory hest material, and the work is 
•tprieelist nn<l ciwMilar.s iprivinpfnU 



For f,'ood Boots and Shoe.s, or Trunks, at low i riec<. call or .send to Heller Bro.s., 
Raleigh, N. C. Orders hy mail i)rom)rtly filled. 

NissenWagon Manufacturing Co. 

Established by J. P. ^Tissen, 1834. 


The oldest, largest and lias the liest reputation of any Shop in the State. Best 
•work at low prices, and everything warranted to give satisfaction. 





And Blank Book Manufacturer, 

Bagley Building, Fayetteville Street, 



A live and wide-awake Democratic newspaper. Published every Saturday. 
Subscription, only 81.00 jier annum. Address, 

J. S. TOMLINSON, Editok and Proprietor, 
Hickory, N. C. 


If you wish a good farm, or a House and Lot, in "Western Carolina, for full par- 
ticulars, address J. S. TOMLINSON, 

Hickory, N. C. 




This House has heen refitted and refurnished, and is kept in first-class style. 

FIELD BROS.. Proprietors. 

For good Boots and Shoes, or Trunks, at low prices, call or send to Heller Bros., 
Raleigh. N. C. Orders by mail promptly filled. 

Tobacco Manufacturer. 



KKT) JACKET 11 inch 5 s CAROLINA 11 inch 5. 


MAItSHALL'S BEST " 3 s CAl'T. JACK 10 inch 6 s 

ROYAL 10 inch ba OUU CHOICE " 

HONEY DEW " 4 s CENTEN'L TWIST 6 inch 16 3 



All orders filled promptly and satisfaction guarantod hoth in price and quality. 





Prices Reduced to Suit! 





Book and Jot Printing Office. 



Neatly and cheaply executed. 


Send all orders to JOHN S. HAJirTON, 

Raleigh, N. C. 


RD -36 4. 

p. F. PBSCUD & SON. 



The members of tlie Logiplature and visitors to the Cai>itol at Raleigh, know 
personally or by character Messrs. P. F. Pescml k Son, 65 Fayetteville, St., who 
rank among the oldest, most reliatile and i)romi>t Insurance Agents in our State. 
And represent some of the oldest, lar.est and most economically managed In- 
surance Companies in Kurope or America. 

As Litre and FIro IiiNiirHiicc has l)ocome an indispensable necessity, 
and Pe<«cii«l Jk Son have >)ii|>orior facilitioH and ofTcr great inducements, 
our readers would do well to give them a trial. They represent fifteen lirst-class 
Fire Insurance Conipanes, whose combined assets i'.\cecd ^2'),000,0^'0, and the 
Equital)le Life Insurance Company of New York, wliich is one of tlie oldest, 
cheapest and largest Companies in America. It has !:35,J54,092.30 assets, safely 
and judiciously invested. 



ENGINES, Portable and Stationarj, SAW MILLS, GRIST MILLS, 


&e., MACHINERY for Gold and Coal Mines, 

Blast Furnaces, &e. 

We call special attention to our IMPKOVKD PORTABLE ENGINE, for agricul- 
tural and other jmrposes Tlie Boiler.-; of our .Vgricultural Engines are provided 
with our PATENT PREMIUM SPARK ARRESTERS, a device by which the 
Sparks are forced to pass dow .ward over a reservoir of water and eftcctually ex- 
tinguislied without tlie use of wire gause. Ours is tlie only arrangement of" this 
kind which atfords free access to the loiler tubes for cleaning ifroiu eacli end. 
Also to our new styles SMALL LOCOMOTIVES for hauling lumber, and other 
articles upon tramways and narrow gauge railways. 

The best Planters reganl our GINNING ENGINES superior to any in use. Send 
for illustrated Catalogue, free. Other things being equal encourage Southern 

Repair work solicited and promjitly done. 

Shafting, Pulleys, Ac, for Gin Houses. 

Manufacturers of Jones' patent Tobacco Lump Machines to work bv hand or 
power. W. E. TANNER A- CO. 

K. R. BAUGHAM, Rich Square, N. C, General Agent in Eastern Nortli Carolina. 

GtN. J. J. Wir;rtii>;.\ii„Agi\i'if, ' i 
V - Rilleigh, N*. C. ^ 

tur'«><! only l!>y W. r. lU-*"" "•''■'." "■ ^'<r. 


Full Wcisflit. UuifOriu in Quality. Aiw;ij-:<* IIii'Ii;»;.»li' :i..ia juL'vei- wiips 1 lie long- A: 


-. -^^CV'^^-' ^ 

0> * «, « o ' .0 "^^ " • , -1 * 

'^ -*1~ . Y • 6 

♦ Ay "^ 



O^ * e H o ■" ^ 





^ /^ 



^0 V '^o V^ 

'•S' <-/ 


^: .<^^. »'; 




^* /"% >"\ 

<^ ^^V.'^^ 

^. .o:.4'*. ^^ .0- 


OCT 7fi "^% "^^ ^°'