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Committee on Publication 

J A MIS Phinney Munrob, '82 Arthur Amos Noyes, '86 

Walter Bradlie Snow, '82 Walter Humphreys, '97 

Published by the Association of Class Secretaries 


Massachusetts Institute of Technology 

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The Technology Review 

JANUARY, 1907 


Student of the Institute, 1866-70, 
Eleaed member of the Corporation of the Ii 
Chairman of the Committee on the Departments of Chemistry 
and Chemical Engineering, 1892-1906. 

Founder of the prizes for physical culture in 1905. 
Died November, 1906. 

Others, who knew Samuel Cabot longer than I, have 
spoken of his integrity and his high-mindedness in busi- 
ness relations and in social life. 1 came to know him 
and to love him out of his relation to the Institute, — a 
relation which had to do with its Corporation, with its 
Faculty, and with its students; and I venture to speak 
briefly of that part of his busy life and work. 

1 came to the Institute six years ago; and amongst the 
6rst men whom I grew to know intimately was Samuel 
Cabot, or^as we loved to call him — Sam Cabot. My 
intimacy with him came about because, as a student of the 
Institute and as a member of its Corporation, he had a 
hearty interest in all for which it stood and in all which it 
undertook to do. Any man who came as the President 
of the Institute was sure to come very quickly in contact 

2 The Technology Review 

with a man whose interest and whose service to the In- 
stitute was so direct and so constant. 

As Chairman of the Committee on the Departments of 
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, he made of the 
committee an active agency for stimulating and helping 
the work of the Department. Visiting the Departments 
often, knowing personally the instructors, bringing them 
together at his house year by year, he knew the Depart- 
ment as few members of the Corporation know the De- 
partments which they visit from year to year. It was this 
intelligent, faithful, devoted service which first drew me 
to him. 

It was, however, I think, his interest in the student prob- 
lem, in the human side of the relations of the Institute, 
which most attracted me. His sympathy for the man who 
lived in a small room, cut off from social intercourse, liv- 
ing on limited means, working intensely to finish his course, 
was so keen and so genuine that I felt the greatest encour- 
agement in talking over with him plans for the betterment 
of student conditions. Into all these plans he entered 
most intelligently and most heartily, giving not only of 
his means, but of his strength and of his time and of his 
service. He was one of those whom Lowell describes 
as giving himself with his gift. 

One of the immediate results of this interest was the 
gift to the Institute of his share of what is known as Cabot 
Field, the athletic field in Brookline which serves the 
purposes of exercise and of sport in our student life. This 
gift was a generous one in money, but it was still more gen- 
erous in the attention and the care which he gave to it. 
But it had its greatest value from the ideal of sport and of 
play which he held up always before our students and 
our alumni, and which is voiced in the verse written by 

• • • 



Samuel Cabot in His Relations to the Institute 3 

F. Gelett Burgess ('87). and placed, at Mr. Cabot's sug- 
gestion, above the gate given last year by the class of t88i,^ 

Not the quarry, but the chase, 
Not the laurel, but the race. 
Not the hazard, hut the play. 
Make me, Lord, enjoy alwayl 

Through this genuine interest in the human problenr 
hich stands before the Institute, as it stands before all 
institutions of learning, Mr. Cabot was led into increasingly 
close associations with the students in their organizations, 
and gatherings. I well remember the first time he went 
with me to an evening gathering and his half-humorous 
embarrassment at being called upon for a speech, I remem- 
ber, with equal pleasure, as he went more and more fre- 
quently to such gatherings, how this shyness wore off,, 
and he came to enjoy the chance to say a word, always 
brief and to the point, concerning the problems which 
confront the student in the day-by-day work. Any one 
who knows young men knows that this kind of thing can 
be done only by him who loves it, and who feels that real 
love for men which enables him to come into a relation 
with them. There are few men whom it has been my 
good fortune to know who shared in such measure as Sam- 
uel Cabot that true comradeship with young men which 
enabled him quickly to put himself in relation with them. 
They came to know him and to love him, as we in the 
administration had come to do; and, when the student 
body asked the privilege of coming to the last ceremony 
held over his body, the request was one which came out 
of a real affection for him. 

like to remember that the last talk I had with him 
had to do with another project for ministering in a help- 


4 The Technology Review 

fui way to student needs, — a project which came entirely 
from his own initiative and from his direct interest in the 
work and the life of Technology. 

As I look back over the six years of my intimacy with 
this friend, I realize that I have known few men whose 
lives show as beautifully as his showed that forgetfulness 
of self which blossoms into true service of men. Marcus 
Aurelius had a saying that there are three kinds of friends: 
one who does you a service and straightway charges it 
against you, that he may receive a return for it; a second 
friend, who does you a service, and who, while he does 
not charge it against you, nevertheless never forgets that 
he has done you a service; and, third, a friend who does 
you a service, and straightway goes ahead to do you another 
service, just as a vine having borne fruit goes on to bear 
other fruit. Samuel Cabot was one of the friends whom 
I have known who belonged to this third class; and in 
no other relation of his life has he shown this quality of 
friendship more effectively than in those relations which 
he had with the Institute of Technology, — relations which 
began as a student in 1866, and ended forty years later in 
the midst of a generous plan for helping other students. 

Henry S. Pritchett. 

Talk to First-Year Students 


December 5, 1906 

by prof. arthur a. noyes, chairman of the faculty 

At the request of the Dean, I am going to say a few words 
to you on behalf of the Facuhy in regard to the importance 
of the so-called general studies in the courses of the In- 
stitute. And, in doing this, I shall try to impress upon you 
the importance of utilizing, as far as possible, not only these, 
but all other opportunities offered to you of developing 
yourselves upon other sides than the strictly professional 
one. It is a matter of extreme moment that you should 
acquire at the outset of your work here a true conception 
of the goal for which you are to strive and a correct under- 
standing of the means by which it may be attained. You are 
not to become skilled anisans who have acquired only the 
technical methods of the industrial arts. If that be the aim 
of any one here, he should understand that his place is in a 
trade school, not in the Massachusetts Institute of Technol- 
o^-. You are to become the leaders on the scientific side in 
the development of the industries of this country. You are 
to become engineers, architects, or chemists in the highest 
sense,^-not machinists, electricians, draughtsmen, or analysts. 
It is true that you must acquire the technique of your pro- 
fessions. The engineer must measure accurately, the archi- 
tect must draw neatly and intelligibly, and the chemist must 
analyze vrith unerring certainty; yet these are incidental 
accomplishments, not the main qualities which you must 
acquire if you are to become leaders in your professions. 
A great difficulty in technological education arises from the 

6 The Technology Review 

fact that so much time has to be devoted to the acquire- 
ment of technical methods and technical knowledge that 
the student is apt to come to regard this as the main purpose 
of his education. He does not see the woods because of the 
trees. First of all, then, you must resolve that you will be 
engineers, not artisans; leaders, not followers; originators, 
not executors; broad-minded men, not mere specialists. And 
you must adopt this resolution because, from a still broader 
point of view, it is your purpose to contribute to the progress 
of the world in as high a degree as your abilities and oppor- 
tunities permit. It must be your aim to fulfil the func- 
tion expressed in the closing words of the Institute poem 
recently written by one of our instructors : — 

" Each man in his chosen place 
Beats out on the anvil of human toil 
The good of the human race." 

But, while it is fundamentally important that you keep 
before you this ideal, this is, of course, not alone sufficient. 
You must avail yourself of such opportunities as will lead 
to its realization; and it is of some of these, connected with 
your work at the Institute, that I want to speak. 

I may first refer to the importance of approaching the 
so-called general studies — the courses in English composi- 
tion, literature, history, politics, and in language — in such 
a spirit as will enable you to get the most out of them. 

Remember, you are to be practical men of the world, — 
not workers in shops or laboratories, or even scholars 
closeted in their studies, like the monks of the Middle Ages, — 
and that you must acquire that breadth of view and breadth 
of knowledge which will enable you to be appreciated by 
those who have had a different training, and which will also 

enable you to form a better estimate of the relative impor- 
tance of the things of hfe, and to avoid the risk of getting 
the mental attitude of the trombone player who extolled one 
of the great operas of Wagner because it offered a fine 
opportunity for playing the trombone! You must be able, 
moreover, to write and speak well, if you are to make the 
results of your work effective, and are to secure adoption 
of your plans and ideas; but this is a power which is acquired 
only by much practice and by thorough familiarity with the 
best literature. Then you must be acquainted with those 
matters which form common subjects of conversation 
among educated people, — with the recent progress in litera- 
ture, art, and general science, and with the pohtical, social, 
and industrial questions of the day, which can be properly 
understood only through a knowledge of their recent his- 
tor\-. It is the purpose of the general studies of the first 
three years and of the summer reading required between the 
first and second and second and third years to provide for this 
side of your education in as large measure as the time avail- 
able will permit; and I urge you, on behalf of the Faculty, to 
regard these subjects as no less imponant than your strictly 
professional work, and to do your best to get out of them 
the broadening element which, when properly appreciated, 
they are sure to give. Even if from your present outlook 
these studies should not seem to you so well worth while, 
will you not accept in this the judgment of your professors, 
who, having devoted themselves primarily to science and 
engineering, would scarcely have a natural bias in favor 
of humanistic studies ? 

Another point with reference to your studies which 
should be emphasized is the importance of doing thorough 
work in the mathematics, physics, chemistry, and descrip- 
tive geometry courses of the first and second years; for 

8 The Technology Review 

upon these sciences as a foundation the whole superstract- 
ure of the engineering professions rests^ and unless your own 
foundation is a solid one^ your structures can be only two or 
three story affairs. Without this you might later acquire 
the technical details of your profession; but you would be 
only rule-of-thumb engineers, who could imitate, but not 
initiate. Bear in mind, too, that even in your strictly pro- 
fessional woi4c it is a knowledge of principles, not of the more 
concrete special methods, that is of most importance, and 
realize that any subject which has the title " theoretical " or 
"theory** attached to it is especially likely to be of practi- 
cal value; for in science the term "theory" is not used, as in 
every-day language, in contrast with practice, but to indi- 
cate that the subject deals with principles rather than with 
specific facts. Special industrial applications and technical 
methods you will have no difficulty in grasping as soon as 
you enter the practice of your professions, provided you 
have acquired at the Institute the more fundamental knowl- 
edge of principles, and the power to apply it. 

" Power to apply your knowledge, " — these words suggest 
that there is something more important than knowledge 
itself, even than of principles; namely, the acquirement of 
the power to make practical use of such knowledge as you 
possess. The question that will be asked in regard to each 
of you by your instructors and by the Faculty as you go on 
in your courses at the Institute, will be more and more, not. 
What do you know ? but What can you do ? It is this 
same question which a little later your employers will ask; 
and by the answer to it your success will be largely determined. 
How are you to acquire this power.? Cramming subjects 
for examinations will not give it to you, for this, necessarily, 
consists in mere memorizing; and even the faithful learning 
of your daily lessons in school-boy fashion will not develop 

Talk to First-Year Students g 

You must not simply learn, you must think; so that 
you may fully understand and appreciate what you are 
learning. This takes more time and effon; but it is better, 
if necessary, to do only half the work understandingly than 
to learn the whole of it by rote. And you need have no fear 
but that the man who pursues the former method will far 
out-distance the one who follows the latter, both at the 
Institute and in his subsequent professional career. Espe- 
cially would I mention the importance of thorough and in- 
dependent work in the solution of problems, which form so 
large a feature of many of our Institute courses; for these 
form the very best means of developing mental power. To 
leam how to do problems from a teacher or fellow-student 
is to defeat their main purpose, which is to develop the power 
of solving any new problem, — not to teach how to do the 
special one in question. 

I cannot close my remarks without adding that there are 
important duties to yourselves outside of the regular work 
within the Institute which must not be neglected. First 
of all, even though you may now have, in the prime of youth, 
"health that mocts the doctor's rules," yet it is one of the 
greatest mistakes that a young man can make to disregard 
the conditions essential to the maintenance of his health. 
I do not now refer especially to the avoidance of the common 
vices, for we ail know that they are to be avoided; but I 
have rather in mind the more or less passive neglect to observe 
the ordinary rules of health, — to take meals regularly, to 
eat and sleep enough, and to take enough exercise and 
recreation. The student who neglects these things for the 
sake of his studies is misguided in his sense of duty, and the 
student who neglects them for the sake of his pleasures is 
guiliy of a piece of folly not mitigated by any moral considera- 
tions. Both must pay for the neglect by future, if not by im- 


lo The Technology Review 

mediate, impairment of their health, and, therefore, of their 
efficiency and capacity for enjoyment. The taking of exer- 
cise should be considered as much a matter of duty as eat- 
ing or sleeping. I have long hoped that the students of the 
Institute might be the pioneers in the establishment of a 
rational system of athletics, one which would not merely 
draw into it the few already possessing high physical de- 
velopment, but one which would provide exercise appro- 
priate to their strength for those who are least capable of 
competing, and who are on that account especially likely 
to neglect it. 

Finally, I will refer briefly to the importance of cultivating 
social relations, especially among yourselves. There is no 
faculty of more value to the engineer than that of dealing 
easily and effectively with men, and it is one in which 
Institute graduates, at the outset at least, are often accused 
of being deficient. Work together, play together, eat to- 
gether, exercise together, form societies together, especially 
for such purposes as increase your information and interest 
in non-professional matters, — only dont loaf together. The 
Institute life is, and ought to be, a strenuous one in the sense 
meant by President Roosevelt, — in the sense that no time 
is to be wasted in idleness or in unstimulating amusements, 
not at all in the sense that life here is to be all work and no 
play. Active pleasures are, I believe, a more potent factor 
than exercise itself in promoting both the mental and bodily 
health, which, as expressed by the motto of the Institute, 
Mens Sana in cor pore sanOy must go hand in hand. Such 
pleasures are an almost necessary part of the activities that 
lead to ultimate success; but mental apathy and physical 
inertness have no place in the life of young men who aspire 
to become leaders in their professions. Follow the advice of 
Oliver Wendell Holmes : 

Talk to First- Year Students ii 

'*Shun such as lounge through afternoons and eves, 
And on your dials write, Beware of thieves.'* 

And do not forget the truth expressed by Longfellow, that 

"The heights by great men reached and kept 
Were not attained by sudden flight, 
But they, while their companions slept. 
Were toiling upward in the night." 

12 The Technology Review 



Subjects for Discussion: "What is the Best Preparatory Educa- 
tion for the Civil Engineering Profession i" " Is Technical Training 
the Best Education for Executive Work?" 

George F. Swain, M. Am. Soc. C E. (by letter). — Most people 
will admit to-day that civil engineering, like other branches of en- 
gineering, belongs to the learned professions, and should require a 
preliminary technical training corresponding generally to that neces- 
sary for the lawyer or the physician. There is much to be said for 
the old apprentice system of becoming an engineer, or for the method 
by which a young man enters an engineer's office after an ordinary 
public school education, and slowly works his way along, studying, 
as he learns, by doing, the practical details of the profession. En- 
gineering is more — much more — common sense and "gumption" 
than it is science, and the school cannot make up for a lack of these 
qualities. Many of our best and most deservedly eminent engineers 
are men who, by force of character and perseverance, have worked 
themselves up in this way. Yet these men would probably be the 
first to acknowledge the great advantage which a proper technical 
education would have been to them, and they would not consider 
for a moment bringing up their sons in the way which they followed. 
Yet it is probable that they fail to realize the benefits which they 
derived from the stern discipline of actual life and from the necessity 
which they were under of making up for lack of opportunity by hard 
work and diligent application. The trouble with the young man, 
between the ages of sixteen and twenty-two, who is given the oppor- 
tunity of a higher education, is that he fails to realize his opportu- 
nity, and does not take advantage of it; and, as a result, many of 
the graduates of technical schools and colleges have neither accurate 
knowledge of any one subject nor the ability to think clearly and 

* Discussion from Proceedings Am. Soc. C. £., vol. xxiii. p. 517. 

Engineering Education 13 

logically, nor the power of taking up a new subject and mastering 
i» fundamental principles without assistance. 

"I would set all the young men to work," said Socrates, "and 
send all the old men to school," And this, while of course imprac- 
ticable, involves a deep and fundamental truth; namely, that we 
learn mostly by experience rather than by precept, and that only as 
we approach middle life do we awaken to the advantages of thor- 
ough training and accurate knowledge. Experience is the greatest 
of all teachers, but is an expensive one. The great difficulty that 
confronts the teacher is to awaken the student to a sense of his re- 
sponsibility and his opportunity, to make him patient and even 
anxious of correction, and to make him see that the true object of 
his education is to train himself to accurate thinking, to high ideals, 
and to a proper balance of all his faculties, so that he may make of 
himself the best that is possible. As Dt. Munger has said, "Edu- 
cation is to teach us how to live, not how to make a living." 

It is undoubtedly true, however, that most young men who go to 
a professional school with a proper sense of the opportunity, and 
embrace it earnestly, will get from the course what they could not, 
or at all events would not, get without it. But the technical school 
cannot make an engineer: it can only give the opportunity for the 
young man to acquire a training, an independence of mind, a char- 
aaer, which will make him first of all a man, and show him how to 
live, and further to acquire a familiarity with the fundamental prin- 
dpies of science, which he ought to know in order to be an intelli- 
gent engineer instead of a parrot, an imitator, a rule-of-thumb man. 
The degree does not and cannot make the engineer, though some 
schcwls apparently deceive themselves by thinking that it does. The 
school cannot even teach: it can only offer opportunities for a man 
to learn, for nothing is of real value in this world but what we gain 
\yy our own efforts. The college is not a restaurant, where young 
men come to be tilled, but a gymnasium, where opportunities are 
offered for the development of all the faculties, not only mental, but 
physical and moral. It is self-evident that a development of this 
is the proper and necessary training for the highest success in 
any profession, and while such development can in some i 

14 The Technology Review 

be obtained independent of the school, yet a school which offers 
suitable opportunities ought to give what most men would not be 
apt to obtain if left to themselves. After all, we are creatures of 
habit, and habits acquired in early life, whether physical, mental, or 
moral, are apt to remain, and, if bad, are hard to eradicate. Hence 
the importance of acquiring proper habits of thought, as well as of 
action, as early as possible. 

Assuming, then, as a fundamental proposition, that a technical 
education is the proper preparation for the civil engineering pro- 
fession, and that few men have the character, the courage, and the 
perseverance to be able to develop themselves unaided, the question 
remains: What should be the character of that education, and how 
far should it go. We confront once more the old question, which so 
many able minds have discussed: "What knowledge is of most 
worth i " In considering this question with reference to engineer- 
ing education, one must never forget that the aim here, as in all 
other education, should be first of all to make men. Engineering 
education must not be narrow, must not be confined to strictly pro- 
fessional subjects, but must be broad enough to develop the man on 
all sides. At the same time we must remember one of the funda- 
mental principles of the modern education, which is that, of two sub- 
jects which will give equally good training, the more useful one 
should be chosen. There is no excuse, at the present day, for teach- 
ing subjects which will be of no possible use to a man in his profes- 
sional or social relations, simply because they afford good mental 
training, when there are many useful subjects which, if properly 
taught, afford just as good or even better training. The interest of 
the student will lie with the subject for which he can see a use, and 
interest is a necessary factor in education. But even the useful 
subjects cannot all be taught in a technical course of the usual length 
or even in a college course followed by a professional course. Some 
selection must be made. And here it will be well to bear in mind 
that, as President Eliot once said, "The actual problem is not what 
to teach, but how to teach." We must not endeavor to teach every- 
thing which a man will need, but must make a judicious selection 
of subjects, and teach these thoroughly, in such a way that the stu- 

Engineering Education 

itm will gain the power to take up and master new subjects by him- 
self. And here is reached one of the fundamental and greatest de- 
fects of education at the present day. Too much attention is devoted 
to the question: What shall be taught ? and too little, or sometimes 
almost none at all, to the question, how it should be taught. Much 
time is devoted to the arrangement of the curriculum, and then an 
important subject is assigned to a teacher who can neither interest 
the students nor make them understand it, or who, perhaps, instead 
of training them to think, and giving them in this way some power 
of doing things they have never done before, simply turns his class- 
room into a restaurant, and fills his pupils up with facts, the bearings 
of which they are unable to appreciate, and which they promptly 
forget. Comparatively little attention is paid to the appointment 
of teachers, it being assumed, apparently, that, if a man understands 
a subject, or appears to understand it, he can teach it to others. It 
is not made a requisite for the teacher's post that a man shall have 
been trained in pedagogics, that he shall know something of the 
theory and history of education, or of psychology. These things 
are neglected, and men are often appointed to high positions as 
teachers who have had no training in education, who have to learn 
■hat science as they would any other, and meanwhile at the expense 
of their pupils. Good teachers are extremely rare, and the facuhy 
for teaching is a gift, perhaps to a greater extent than most facul- 
ties. With some men it is almost intuitive, and such men do not 
require much training. But with most men it has to be learned. 
Too many men teach because they could not succeed in practical 
business life, and, as a matter of fact, many of them cannot teach 
efficiently. Ask the best men in a class from any of our colleges 
or professional schools, and they will probably agree in telling you 
of important courses from which, through no fault of their own, 
they derived neither information nor training, nor inspiration. It 
is a great pity that the results of education cannot be quantitatively 
expressed, and shown at the end of the year, in a balance sheet, in 
dollars and cents; and, further, that trustees and faculties are not 
dependent for their income upon the results of such a balance sheet. 
To pursue this line of thought would carry us too far, but the writer's 


1 6 The Technology Review 

advice, to the young man who wishes to study any subject what- 
ever, is to go to the institution where there are the best teachers of 
that subject. Material equipment, laboratories, and so forth are 
of no consequence in comparison. Mark Hopkins at one end of a 
log and a student at the other make a university. The teachers of 
engineering should study, not only engineering, but teaching, and 
should study the latter more than the former. One of the most en- 
couraging educational steps in recent years in America has been the 
formation of the Society for the Promotion of Engineering Education. 
The profession of teaching is one of the most important to the com- 
munity, but it is not recognized as it ought to be, and it is not paid 
as it ought to be. Some universities even expect to obtain men com- 
petent to teach all branches of civil engineering and to occupy posi- 
tions where they should be inspirers of young men to mental achieve- 
ments and to high moral ideals, and all for ;( 1,200 a year. And even 
the American Society of Civil Engineers does its part, the writer re- 
grets very much to say, to keep down and render unattractive the 
profession of teaching by refusing to recognize the work of a teacher 
in charge of a department of engineering as professional experience 
in charge of work. This society has preferred to recognize, as eli- 
gible to full membership, the man who has had a few years' experi- 
ence in giving lines and grades for sewers, or superintending simple 
practical engineering works, in preference to the man who is in 
charge of an engineering department of a technical school, and de- 
votes himself to teaching and inspiring the future members and 
leaders of the profession. In the writer's opinion, this society can 
do no better work, to raise the dignity of engineering teaching and 
of the engineering profession, than to remove this restriction from 
its constitution. It will gain much, and lose nothing, by recogniz- 
ing experience in teaching as equal to experience in practice as a 
requisite for membership. 

The curriculum of an engineering course should be almost en- 
tirely prescribed, with few optional or elective studies. The main 
opportunity for election should be between different lines of study, 
as for instance between civil engineering, mechanical engineering, 
electrical engineering, etc., but, the line or aim once chosen, the 

luld be laid out by competent teachers, and should be pre- 
scribed. The idea that students should be obliged to undertake 
difficult and unpleasant tasks simply because they are difficult and 
unpleasant is happily outgrown, but life is full of such tasks, and 
one of the most useful results of a proper system of training is the 
ability to do drudgery and to attack and surmount difficult tasks 
cheerfully and successfully. One of the dangers of a too literal and 
extreme application of the elective system is that, improperly under- 
stood, it cultivates a tendency to shirk difficulties and a disposition 
10 avoid unpleasant tasks. 

One more point is to be considered. If the desirability of breadth 
and utility is granted, the question is whether they should be arrived 
at simultaneously or successively. It is held by many that they 
should be attained successively; that the public school or secondary 
school, which gives a boy his preparatory education, should be fol- 
lowed by the college, which gives him his broad general education, 
and this by the professional school, which gives hini his technical 
education. This is the zone theory of education. The difficulty 
with this arrangement is that during his college course the student 
is working less earnestly and with a less definite aim in view than 
if he were pursuing a professional course from the beginning. Every 
institution of learning should be looked upon primarily as a place 
where young men and women go to do hard work; and it should be 
impossible for anybody to remain in the institution who does not 
come in this spirit and conform to this requirement. Healthful and 
wholesome amusements, recreation and exercises, should be a part 
of the training, but secondary to the main objects in view. A wrong 
attitude toward college work prevails to a great extent, not only 
among young men, but among their parents as well. It is unfor- 
tunately true that in most or at least in many colleges numbers of 
young men dawdle away their time, doing little or nothing except 
to cram for examinations; and that they emerge with little except 
1 diploma and an enlarged cranium, and, perhaps, with a bad habit 
or two. This should be made impossible. The writer has never 
been connected with a college, but he knows from long experience 
how difficult it is to make even students in a professional school 


1 8 The Technology Review 

awake to a due sense of their opportunities and of the proper re- 
lations of things; and it must be much more difficult in a college, 
where a larger proportion of students are browsing around without 
any definite aim, and having a good time incidentally, giving no 
serious consideration, before graduating, to the question of their 
future careers. If this view is correct, it would seem to follow that 
the student should be urged to select as early as possible his profes- 
sional course, at least within broad limits, and that during his college 
course, if he takes one, he should lay out his studies with distinct 
reference to his future professional course. It would also seem that 
some non-technical subjects should be carried on, even in the pro- 
fessional school, so that interest in such studies should not be en- 
tirely lost. Change of occupation is rest, and studies of different 
kinds (as, for instance, history and mathematics) may each prove a 
recreation to a mind wearied with the other. Such an arrangement 
as has been outlined is really a continuous professional course from 
the beginning, in which the proportion of professional studies in- 
creases in each year: it allows the student to work always with a 
definite aim in view, and at the same time the proportion of tech- 
nical work in the early years is not so great as to preclude a change 
of course if the student comes to feel, as he advances, that some 
other branch of professional work than the one first selected seems 
to be better fitted for his capacities. 

Summing up the preceding discussion, the following are the prin- 
ciples which the writer would lay down in answer to the question 
which has been propounded:— 

1. A technical education as given in our civil engineering schools 
is, if properly appreciated and made use of, the best preparation for 
the practice of the profession; and at the present day it is almost a 

2. In laying out an engineering course, the aim should be, first of 
all, to develop broad-minded men, who can observe correctly, reason 
logically, express themselves in language and on paper, — men with 
imagination and with character and with good physical develop- 

3. Useful subjects of study, which admit and require training in 

Engineering Education ig 

Inking, should be preferred to studies which are mere accomplish- 

f the mind and observation 

e!y give information. 

what is taught is not as im- 

;aching profession should be better 

able men. 

.gineering professions 

4. Studies which involve disciplin 
should be preferred to those which r 

5. Subject to the above 
poriani as how it is taught. The 
paid and made more attractive t( 

6. The curriculum leading to any of the t 
should be almost entirely prescribed. 

y. The choice of a profession should be made as early as prac- 
ticable, and a continuous course should be arranged with that pro- 
fession in view, from the beginning of the higher education. A 
course of five years, or perhaps of six years, either in one institution 
or in two, seems to be desirable for a thorough preparation. 

8, The American Society of Civil Engineers should recognize the 
dignity of the teaching profession by making experience in teaching 
equal to experience in practice as a requirement for membership. 

Passing now to a consideration of the question: "Is Technical 
Training the Best Education for Executive Work?" the writer's 
reply would depend upon the character of the technical training; 
that is, upon what is taught, and more especially upon how it is 
taugjhi. It is a common criticism that graduates of technical schools 
are narrow, and that, while suited for subordinate positions, they 
are not so well qualified for high administrative positions as collegt: 
men. The writer believes that, taken broadly, this e 
sound; that is to say, he does not believe that the avera 
man is better fitted for administrative work or is any brc 
the average technical graduate. Nevertheless, he believes 
is much suggestiveness in the charge, and that the techni 
may profit by considering it. The number of college graduates is 
very much greater than the number of technical graduates, and 
probably a larger proportion of the latter are from humble homes, 
■vhere they have been denied social advantages, and are lacking in 
polish, and perhaps in good manners. They have gone to the tech- 
nical school because they knew that ihey would have to earn their 
own living, for which they were obliged to prepare themselves as 


:al schoi 


20 The Technology Review 

quickly as possible, and they have, by inheritance as well as by 
force of circumstances, a tendency to take an interest only in the 
practical professional work and to give little attention to acquiring 
breadth of interest or comprehensiveness of view. They have looked 
at everything from the professional standpoint and with a magnify- 
ing glass, and they lack the mobility of mind that would enable them 
to take in a problem or a condition in its entire scope or to appre- 
ciate all the various sides of a question. Such an attitude is not that 
of the successful administrator. The man who looks at a thing 
through a microscope sees more — but he also sees less — than the 
man who looks with the unaided eye; and the tendency in any de- 
tailed study of a scientific or technical problem is to concentrate so 
much attention on the details that the general relations are not per- 
ceived. The engineering student is constantly under this tempta- 
tion, and, unless it is counteracted by good teaching, it may soon be- 
come a habit. Unfortunately, here again many teachers fail to do 
what they should, being narrow themselves or lacking in a knowledge 
of the large practical relations of the subjects which they teach. En- 
gineering students constantly seem to the writer to be like men study- ' 
ing a book with a microscope, who can tell the details of each par- 
ticular portion of the work, but who have failed to see what it was 
all about. 

It is not apparent to the writer, however, that engineering studies 
are very different from other studies in a narrowing tendency. How 
many students of history, for instance, arrive at correct general con- 
clusions or accurate ideas regarding the general tendencies of a 
period ? Here, as in the study of science, there seems to be about 
equal opportunity for spending so much time upon detail that gen- 
eral relations are obscured. 

A certain largeness of vision is essential for administrative work, 
but, in order to judge correctly as to the relative value of technical 
and general education as a preparation, we must not only consider 
what technical education can be and ought to be, but, instead of 
comparing college graduates with technical graduates, we must 
consider whether the same man would be better fitted by the college 
course or by the technical course. In doing this, the following are 
some of the elements to be considered : — 

I. Most executive or administrative work has to do with engi- 
neering or involves engineering as an important element. Our rail- 
roads, mines, manufacturing establishments, etc., depend upon ap- 
plied science; that is, upon some branch of engineering. A knowl- 
edge of engineering, therefore, if it is accompanied by breadth of 
ticw, largeness of conception, and the personal qualities necessary, 
must be of great advantage in rendering the administrative officer 
able to form his own opinions, and in enabling him to direct the 
energies of his staff in the directions most productive of efficiency^ 
economy, and industrial development. 

1. Scientific study certainly has the great moral advantage of 
training men to search for truth, to keep their minds open until a 
result is obtained, and to be satisfied with no makeshifts or evasions. 
Such an attitude of mind must be consonant with the highest kind 
of administration, however much it may conflict with the necessi- 
ties of politics, graft, or deception, which seem to be the ruling ele- 
ments in some executive positions. 

3- Scientific study and the pursuit of truth for its own sake con- 
duce to honesty, both of mind and of action, to frankness and fear- 
lessness, and to uprightness of purpose. However narrow engineers 
may be, the writer believes that for these qualities just mentioned 
they are not excelled by the members of any other profession. 

4. Technical training, and particularly technical experience in 
the handling of men, is clearly of advantage in any executive posi- 

After a consideration of these elements, the writer — while ready 
to admit the fact that many men technically trained lack the breadth 
of view and adaptability which is essential in executive work — be- 
lieves nevenheless that technical training, if the course of study is 
properly laid out, with a proper proportion of liberalizing studies 
and pursued under teachers who direct the students always toward 
the larger view, is the best preparation for executive work. 


22 The Technology Review 


The editors of the Review have told me that it would be of some 
interest to the alumni to have a brief account of my last year's 
experience as a student in Paris. 

When the year's leave of absence was granted me in August, 1905, 
President Pritchett suggested that it might be of benefit to the 
Institute instruction for me to familiarize myself with the methods of 
teaching Descriptive Geometry in the French technical schools, 
especially at the Beaux-Arts. Descriptive Geometry is essentially 
French in its origin, having been invented by Monge, one of the 
founders of the Ecole Polytechnique in Paris, and this subject has 
always received special attention in mathematical and draughting 
instruction in all French schools. 

At the Institute we require Descriptive Geometry of all our 
students. It has from the beginning been considered of great 
benefit in the elementary and preparatory training for our technical 
and scientific work, although it owes its position in our general 
first-year instruction more to its value in training the mind and 
imagination than because of its direct application to problems of 

The school year in Paris begins the first week in November. 
Arriving in that city the last of August, I had plenty of opportunity 
for looking over the ground, meeting the professors, and arranging 
for attendance at lectures. I found the time ample for the registra- 
tion problem, but all too short for the more important preparation 
in conversational French. It is extraordinary how suddenly a 
foreigner relapses from confidence to timidity when his interlocutor 
changes from a cafe waiter to *a professor at the University. 
The conversational French with which he has met so boldly the 
exigencies of travel fails entirely when he trys to present abstract 
ideas to one who is as well or better informed on a subject than he 

A few weeks of such tentative talks as I was able to have with 
the mathematical professors soon put me in a most humble 

Studying in Paris 


frame of mind,^the proper attitude fur the student. I obtained 
manuscript notes of the lectures at the Polytechnique, and all 
the text-books used in the different Lycees and in the Ecole Cen- 
trale, and arranged, after a personal interview with M. Pillet of the 
Beaux-Arts, to attend his lectures in Descriptive Geometry with the 
regular students. M. Pillet, who has for so many years given instruc- 
tion in this subject at the Beaux-Arts and at many other technical 
schools in Fiance, is undoubtedly the most effective lecturer in any 
of the University schools. His attractive manner, his magnetic per- 
lonaHty, make his lectures in this subject fascinating to all students. 
He has written several text-books, elementary and advanced, but 
they ctjnvey no idea of the power of the man to present his subject 
before an audience in an attractive and interesting way. M. Pillet 
is a draughtsman, and illustrates his talks every moment by chalk 
drawings on the board. Those who have seen Professor Morse, of 
Salem, illustrate his talks with blackboard drawings, can form some 
idea of the manner in which M. Pillet presents his problems in De- 
scriptive Geometry to a mixed audience of artists and architects. 
He presents each problem as if he were for the first time discovering 
the geometrical principle which that problem involves, and his audi- 
ence feels as if it were assisting at the discovery and invendon of 
new mathematical laws. 

These lectures of M. Pillet began at eight o'clock in the morning, 
which necessitated rising on the dark, wintry mornings at seven, and 
hurrying through cold, uncomfortable streets befoie daylight. The 
lecture-room had to be illuminated by gas in order that the black- 
board might be seen. No such thing as roll-call or attendance was 
ever taken; but, if one were live minutes late, he was obliged to 
stand, as it was itnpossible to get a seat after the beginning of the 

Had I left France in the middle of the winter, 1 would have been 
much more enthusiastic over the method used there in teaching 
Descriptive Geometry than 1 now am. The results of examinations 
in this subject have shown that the ratio of the number of those 
who really acquired a knowledge of the subject to the whole audience 
h less at the Beaux-Arts than it is with us. Theirs is a veiy 

24 The Technology Review 

pleasant way in which to acquire information^ — pleasant to both 
lecturer and listener; but it is the lecturer who has done the work, 
and not the listener, and the result is very disappointing from an 
educational standpoint. I learned that in general American stu- 
dents do not take this course of M. Fillet's, but resort to private 
tutoring in order to pass the examinations. To acquire a real knowl- 
edge of a subject, one must do the work himself with his own head 
and hands. There was a certain glamour over the whole subject 
when I first entered the classes, probably due to the fact that the 
surroundings were strange and interesting and the language foreign, 
which passed away with familiarity; and, although I learned much 
that I hope will be useful in the development of our own courses of 
instruction, I do not feel that a wholesale adoption of the French 
method would be beneficial to us. 

Directly after my return I talked over with Professor Adams the 
work of last year at the Institute, and was able to compare very 
well the two systems of instruction, and I must confess that the 
Institute work did not suffer much by this comparison. I realized 
that active work had been going on during my absence, and 
that the new course, based soundly on many years' experience, was 
indeed better adapted to our needs than the courses which I had at- 
tended. This does not by any means imply that I think the time 
spent in foreign study wasted. Such comparisons of work may do 
much good in developing the critical faculty, and may act as a stim- 
ulus for the development of new ideas, even when there is little 
direct adoption of methods. 

With regard to the opportunities in general for foreign students 
in France I would say that since 1896 there has been a great change 
in the attitude of the universities in regard to their admission. At 
the present time the conditions governing admission and the require- 
ments for degrees are quite similar to those long prevailing in Ger- 
many. This change in the attitude of the French University is al- 
ready evidenced by the number of foreign students attending ad- 
vanced scientific and literary courses at the Sorbonne. There are 
in Paris many opportunities for advanced study that are unequalled 
in any other parts of the world, and it is not difiicult for a graduate 

Studying in Pari 


of our colleges to obtain a Doctorate of the University (a special 
degree given to foreigners) after two years' study. 1 do not think 
that French engineering schools appeal to Americans so much as 
do the schools of Pure Science, Literature, Music, and Art. The 
expenses of two years' residence can be made much the same as 
those in a German university town. The fees are merely nominal 
until you publish your thesis and distribute the copies, and never 
amount to a sum serious enough to be especially provided for. The 
Doctorate of the University which foreigners receive is not a degree 
entitling them to practise their profession of teaching, or otherwise, 
in France, as does the other degree of the University; but it is all 
that a foreigner usually desires to obtain from advanced university 

With regard to student life in Paris I may say that I think this sub- 
ject has been too frequently written up by outside observers with 
an idea of presenting a picturesque rather than a true view of the 
actual conditions. Outside of the purely professional schools there 
are a great many foreigners, and last year the Russians were in the 
preponderance. Most of these students were extremely poor, and 
found it difficult to furnish the mearis for actual existence- They 
were helped to some extent by the Student Association and by in- 
dividuals. One was almost reminded of medixval times, when stu- 
dents and beggars were synonymous terms in Paris. The very cheap 
restaurants where many of these students take their meals are 
similar to the live and ten cent lunch counters ol'our own student 
neighborhoods. There is no such general fraternal feeling among 
the students as exists in our universities, — no such thing as class or- 
ganizations to bind the men together, — and it is only when a body 
of ihcm take particular offence at some remark of a professor that 
ihey are inspired to act in unison. Then their cries are loud enough 
to be heard in the surrounding streets. The only students who seem 
really to enjoy their companionship and life together are the students 
of the Beaux-Arts. These are painters, sculptors, and architects; 
and. as they do their work in studios under a chosen master, they 
become intimately acquainted, and form very pleasant and lasting 
friendships. Allowance must be made for these obse 
they are necessarily superficial. 


26 The Technology Review 

To one studiously inclined Paris affords wonderful opportunities 
during the winter for attending lectures by the most celebrated pro- 
fessors, without any charge or formality. At the College de France 
and the Sorbonne open lectures are given during every hour of the 
day by the most distinguished men on their faculties. While in 
Paris I met several American gentlemen who, without any pretence 
of being students and without even registering their names at any 
bureau, were attending four and five lectures daily at different uni- 
versities, keeping this up for months. This free-lecture system can 
but remind a Bostonian of the Lowell Institute. 

As a mere matter of experience in Paris, I will state that I had an 
opportunity to attend a session of the French Academy when a new 
Immortal read the eulogy of his predecessor, and was received into 
the ranks of this distinguished body. Far more interesting, however, 
than the address of this man, whose fame was not so wide-spread 
as that of many, was the sight of some of the well-known authors in 
their coats embroidered with palms. It was interesting to have M. 
Anatole France, Victorien Sardou, Francois Coppee, and others 
pointed out. 

The public examination of the candidates for the degrees of Doctor 
of Law, of Letters, and of Medicine, were also interesting. And it 
was entertaining and instructive to listen to a series of lectures on 
the " Probleme Negre des Etats-Unis" at the Bureau of Anthro- 

I lived during the year in a pension in the centre of the Latin 
Quarter, — a pension which was really the remnant of one of the 
mediaeval colleges. I associated with many American students, and 
became as nearly a student myself as one is likely to become who has 
held the role of professor for twenty years. 

In June, at the invitation of President Pritchett, I attended as 
delegate the fiftieth jubilee meeting of the great Society of German 
Engineers at Berlin. There were about two thousand people present 
at the general banquet. This German^engineering society embraces 
all classes of engineers, — civil, mechanical, electrical, mining, etc., — 
and is probably the largest society of this character in the world. 
The meeting lasted about two weeks, papers being read in the morn- 

Studying in Paris 

ings and excursions taken in rhe afternoons. There was a Grand 
Opera night especially for the society, and a celebration with fire- 
works at ihe Halenzee Garden, where some ten thousand or more 
were present. A visit paid to rhe Charlottenburg Engineering School 
gave me a chance for comparison with the French schools, and I 
must say that the equipment at Charlottenburg surpassed anything 
seen in Paris, and the general plan of education appealed to me as 
decidedly more praciical. 

In conclusion 1 may say that in my opinion American students 
are now welcomed to all European universities more cordially 
than ever before, and that our degrees are being more generally 
recognized as entitling the owner to educational privileges. Surely 
a year or two of residence in France or Germany will be found most 
rofitable and enjoyable to any graduate who can afford the time. 

Alfred E. Burton. 

28 The Technology Review 




Mr. Toastmaster and Gentlemen^ — I feel deeply the honor of your 
Committee's invitation to say a few words to you at this time on 
behalf of the manufacturers of this Commonwealth, those who rep- 
resent commercial interests, those who consume the products of 
that great industry which owes its marvellous growth to the life- 
work of our distinguished guest. I shall be brief. 

You know Sir William's contribution to society, and you are aware 
of his reward. The manufacturers of the world, and we of this 
Commonwealth, owe him a debt which time cannot outlaw. The 
nations pay him tribute. There is no discordant note in the uni- 
versal psalm of praise that must sound so pleasantly to his ears, 
the love and gratitude of his fellow-men. 

The spirit of genius that inspired our distinguished guest in his 
work is the attendant spirit of our print works, our dye-houses, our 
chemical works, all kindred industries, and also of our seats of 
learning with their extensive laboratories of research. It is the 
spirit of development that will watch over the progress of his great 
work, — the spirit that has led man to adapt his new ideas to the 
physical resources of life for his comfort and his general welfare. 

In studying this spirit, I have turned to Sir William's writings. 
Certain brief expressions linger in my mind, and they furnish a 
theme. In commenting on the industry which he originated, 
he says: — 

There is one feature connected with this industry and its great develop- 
ment which is of interest, and that is the immense amount of employment it 
has created for men of all classes, and, of course, especially for the working 
classes. When one considers its ramifications and its influence on other 
industries, it is difficult to gauge this, but it is often a very pleasant thought 
to me. . . . 

Address by William Whitman 29 

In another instance he says of himself and his 
Tile n« result of our work should be the benefit of manlcind. 
And again he says with reference to the coal-tar color industry; — 
was the outcome of scientific research, and also 

industry. When 

The origin and foundation was the outcome of scientific rest 
id development has been due to research, hence its unique 
marvellous growth, the fruit of the union of scie 
I was young, it was thought quite infra dig. for a scientific man ( 
himself with industry. The possibility of becoming a manufacturer, owing 
to the discovery of Mauve made me feel this very much. . . . The union 
of science and industry has had most beneficial results, because they have 
been handmaids to each other in the most remarkable way, chemical science 
having made progress it never would have made without the aid of this 

Much of the man is revealed in these words. They abound with 
philanthropy and a noble purpose, but. as I read them, I forget the 
man and become filled with the ideas which his words suggest. 

We note that the wonderful growth of that industry which its 
originator has said should have as its net resultche benefit of manlcind 
was due to the union of science and industry,— scientific research 
with its discoveries and development of new ideas and industry 
with its application of those ideas to material things for the benefit 
of n.ankind. And, then, we note that the man who tells us these 
things was disturbed in his youth by the opinion prevalent in Eng- 
land thai it was quite beneath a scientific man's dignity to be asso- 
ciated with industry. 

It is here, gentlemen, that I find my theme, for there is borne to our 
ears to-day a cry against "commercialism," against commercial 
men, the men governing great industries which have, in my opinion, 
as their net result the benefit of mankind. The cry is like an echo 
of that sin-.ilar cry in England that disturbed our distinguished 

Our scientific men, our men of learning, our preachers, and many 
other educated and intellectual men have expressed their fear of 
what they believe to be a great danger of modern times. This 
danger they have been pleased to call "commercialism." Recent 

30 The Technology Review 

unhappy revelations have increased their laments, until the word 
'^ commercialism" is used as a term of reproach and as tainting 
or corrupting the body politic. 

Throughout history those men who may be associated in our minds 
with the word "science" have won greater regard than those en- 
gaged in industry, whatever their relative contribution to the world's 
advance. Ought this to be so ? Is there any good reason for sup- 
posing that the development of a new idea, for example, is a greater 
contribution to the world's progress than the application of that idea 
to the material comforts of man, so that it will inure to the benefit 
of a whole community ? Is the inventor a greater benefactor than 
the man who places the resultant benefits of the invention at the 
disposal of the many ? It is, of course, impossible to answer these 
questions. The human mind cannot measure a man's contribution 
to the common good. Yet, certainly, each should receive his share 
of the world's regard. There should be no prejudice created in 
the popular mind against the men of commerce. 

At this point it may be well to ask. What is commercialism? 
What is the spirit of commercialism which is so criticised to-day ? 
If we turn to the books, we find the word "commercialism" tersely 
defined as "the commercial spirit or method"; "the methods and 
strict business principles of men engaged in commerce," or, in other 
words, engaged in the interchange of the commodities of the world. 

The spirit of commercialism is a noble spirit, which finds its true 
expression in those simple words, " Do unto others as you would be 
done by." The teachings of business men throughout the world have 
been based upon fairness and honesty. The great work of the busi- 
ness world has been, and always will be, done upon honor and in- 
tegrity. The universal teaching of all nations leads men to condemn 
those who are not honest and fair in their dealings with their fellow- 
men. The true spirit of commercialism should ennoble, and not 
degrade, and those men who are called "commercial," who adapt new 
ideas to physical things for the material comfort of mankind, are 
performing a noble office, as noble, I believe, as those more learned 
and scholarly men who create these new ideas. An invention by 
itself may do little good, but the application of that invention to 

, by 

increase the resources and raciiities of man may change a whule 
nation. In an address on the "Commercial Value of Ideas and 
Physical Facts" by the late Chauncy Smith, I find these words: — 

And though men engage in commerce foi gain, and not as a benevolent 
employment, yet any commercial man who cherishes an honorable pride, 
as he should, in the dignity of his profession, and in what it does for the 
trorld, may felicitate himself upon the undoubted fact that commerce, in 
ministering to the wants of men in the darkest parts of the eanh and stimu- 
lating their desires for what civihzation can furnish, is doing more for their 
advancement than all the benevolent and missionary enterprises of the age. 

1 should be happier in quoting this if the last lines read "is doing 
perhaps as much for their advancement as the benevolent and mis- 
sionary enterprises." We cannot say that they are doing more. 
The commercial man and the theorist each has his place, each per- 
forms his work, and the two by their combined efforts benefit the 
world. No prejudice should belittle the contribution of either one. 
The idea that commercial men are actuated more than other 
selfish motives is an erroneous one. It is human nature for t 
individual to toil for his own interest. Without the stimulus of 
self-advance there would be no progress. The man of science, the 
man of learning, and the man of commerce all seek an advance, but 
they Seek their reward in different forms. 

To-night we have as our guest a man whose point of view it will 
be well for all to adopt, a man of theory and of practice, a man who 
realizes that the benefit of his life-work has been the fruit of the 
"union of science and industry," and who, undoubtedly, believes 
that the man of commerce and of industrial affairs is entitled to full 
credit for the part he has played in the development of a great work. 

In closing, I may say that, if 1 doubted for a moment the true 
spirit of commercialism, 1 should struggle with that doubt, and try to 
believe that honesty is the best policy, and that fair dealing is the 
basis of all our commerce. 

When Mr. Garfield was nearing his death, at his request he was 
placed where he could gaze quietly out over the ocean. In writing 
of him, our great statesman, Mr. James G. Blaine, concludes with 
this wonderful thought, — 

32 The Technology Review 

Let us believe that in the silence of the receding worid he heard the great 
waves breaking on a farther shore, and felt already upon his wasted brow 
tlie breath of the eternal morning. 

What a world of happiness is expressed in the few words, "Let us 
believe" i And I, at this point, find myself happy in saying to all 
commercial men. Let us believe that the true spirit of commercial- 
ism is based upon honesty and fair dealing, and the ancient tradition 
that we should do unto others as we would be done by, and that 
that spirit is a noble spirit which should be spoken of with reverence, 
and not with scorn. 

Certain items thai stand out in the memory of last summer's visit 
to Great Britain and the Continent will be jotted down hen', with 
the hope that they will be found interesting to the readers of the 
Review; formal reports of certain investigations can be found in 
the ^arterly, if any one cares to look for them. 

The objects of the visit were to see shipyards, experimental 
model stations and colleges where naval architecture is taught. 
Beginning with the last item, it may be noted that British naval con- 
structors are educated at a governmental college at Greenwich, and 
that French constructors are educated at a governmental school in 
Paris. Both are restricted in numbers, and admission is now 
limited to citizens of the respective countries, except that a few 
Japanese are educated at Greenwich. Formerly admission was 
more liberal, and some of the leading American naval architects, 
both in and out of the navy, were educated at these schools. The 
German naial constructors get their education at the Technische 
Hochschule at Char lot ten burg or at a new school at Dantzig. The 
courses at these schools are open to all, and a graduate from the 
course of naval architecture takes his chance at a governmemal 
position, if he chooses. 

The English Royal Naval College is beautifully situated in the 
Greenwich Naval Hospital Buildings, which were one of the royal 
palaces in the time of Elizabeth. Any meddling with the old build- 
ings (designed by Sir Christopher Wren) is properly considered to be 
sacrilege, and so, when they recently installed an engineering labora- 
lory, it was j)ut in the old fives court behind the original facade. The 
laboratory, though small, is to be first-class. The college is of the 
highest ranlc,^ — perhaps a little conservative, and with an abstract 

xihematical bias; but, if so, the new Director of Education to the 
Admiralty will know how to find a remedy. In passing, it may be 
noted that after the Admiralty had decided to reform their entire 


34 The Technology Review 

educational system they chose a leading engineering educator. 
Professor J. A. Ewing, of Cambridge University, and have given him 
a free hand. The English certainly are practical in their ways. 

The French school for naval constructors is lodged in a hand- 
some old residence on Boulevard Montparnasse. It might aflFord 
somewhat restricted accommodations, were it not that the numbers 
are small and form only two classes, which are drawn from the 
Ecole Polytechnique at the end of the two years' course there. They 
have recently set up shops for teaching hand-tool work in the old 
carriage house. A notable thing in this course is that there is only 
one lecture in a day, but that it is two to three hours long. One can- 
not withhold his admiration for the endurance of both professors 
and students. The approved French method of lithographing 
lecture notes is in force, and the notes were oflFered liberally to the 
writer. It is from this school, or in connection with it, that the 
greater part of the superb French literature on naval architecture and 
ship-building has been produced. 

At the Technische Hochschule at Charlottenburg there is a 
grand course for naval architects and marine engineers, with six 
professors, several lecturers, and three hundred students. Even 
with the German system, which appears well calculated to dis- 
courage graduation, there are twenty or thirty graduates from this 
department yearly. Two of the professors are naval constructors 
detailed to teach warship design. A recommended course of study 
requires four years' residence (at this or some other high school), and 
a candidate for the diploma must have worked a year in shipyards 
or engine works. An enormous amount of ship-drawing is required 
and considerable marine engine drawing from the naval architects. 
For marine engineers the weight of the work is shifted to engine 
drawing. Finally, the thesis consists of the design of a ship in great 
detail, or of the machinery from the marine engineer. Many draw- 
ings seen were in pencil only, preserved assiduously from being 

The large number of students has demanded an elaborate system 
of assigning and controlling problems that recalled methods of our 
engineering laboratories. These technical high schools having the 

Vacation Jottings 


rank of u 
eluding academic 

s h: 

c free do I 

There is. however, i 
of ihe reeonimended 

;rited certain university traditions, in- 

that each teacher may teach what and 

h student may learn or not, as he pleases. 

fact, a very cojnplete control by the Faculty 

lurse, and no man who has been at a technical 


ichool need have it explained to him that the sequence of studies in 
iuch a course is practically automatic in its control of student work, 
lugh no student is forced to take the recommended course, 
it is easy to believe that no candidate for the diploma wanders far 
from it. Having in mind our inviolable rule of 720 hours a term, 
which our Secretary administers remorselessly, a natural inquiry 
was. How many hours a day do these German students work ? Such 
3 question was declared unanswerable, — each student did as he 
chose; but the attorneys' device of narrowing upper and lower limits 
elicited the information that eight hours a day would be about right.- 
Thus is the opinion of our own Faculty vindicated. 

The Scottish universities have very short terms, that of the Uni- 
versity of Glasgow lasting from the 20th of October to the 20th of 
March, so that a visit during term time was impossible. A notable 
maner is that this atrangemcnt permits students to follow the custom 
of pupilage or apprenticeship in engineering offices or works. Certain 
firms near Glasgow co-operate in this matter, counting time in col- 
lege toward the apprenticeship, and in some cases giving financial 
assistance. This university was the first to establish a course in 
naval architecture not under governmental control. The policy 
from the beginning has been to place the department in the hands 
of a successful practising naval architect. As a matter of fact, all 
incumbents of the chair of naval architecture have been graduates 
of the college at Greenwich. There appears to be growing complaint 
that the private practice tends to become more exigent in its demands. 

A very well-established course in naval architecture was found 
at the .\rmstrong College at Newcastle-on-Tyne, the instruction 
having been given thus far by a lecturer. Recently a guarantee fund 
of £800 for five years has been raised, to secure as a professor some 
well-known naval architect, and what was in elFect an advertisement 
for such a person was issued. This method, which sounds strange 


36 The Technology Review 

to an American ear, appears to be well established in Scotland, and 
surprise was expressed that it might be considered infra dig, to 
apply in answer to an advertisement. Another technical college 
advertised two or three years ago for a professor of natural philosophy, 
and had eleven answers, — all from men who would have been avail- 
able. But, when they advertised for a secretary and director (a man 
uniting some of the duties of the president and of a secretary of an 
American college), there were three hundred replies; which shows 
that a man may know the limitations of his training, but seldom 
doubts his judgment. 

One of the most interesting features of the trip was the oppor- 
tunity to see stations for towing ship models such as we have at 
Washington. This method of investigation was initiated by Mr. 
William Froude, who had previously investigated the probable 
rolling of the "Great Eastern" by aid of models. The first experi- 
mental tank was established by him for the Admiralty about 1872, 
and a later one at Haslar in 1886. Here have been made the 
famous investigations by Mr. Froude and his son, Mr. R. E. Froude, 
the present scientific expert to the Admiralty. Professor Ewing, 
who had visited the Institute the year before while investigating 
educational methods in America, very kindly gave me introduction 
to the chief constructor. Sir Philip Watts, through whose in- 
fluence an engagement was arranged for me to meet Mr. Froude at 
Haslar. The day at that station, seeing the arrangements for mak- 
ing and towing models, for testing propellers, and for making waves 
and investigating their effects on the models, and talking in a familiar 
manner with the leading exponent of the method concerning all the 
interesting questions relating to it, would have been well worth a 
trip across the Atlantic. The technical aspect of this matter is 
treated in an article in the current number of the Sluarterly^ so 
that there is less excuse for prolixity here. The first impression 
and the last impression of the station itself was the admirably practi- 
cal adaptation of the means to the end. Nothing was lacking that 
could add to the convenience and certainty of the work of the station, 
but nothing was done for the sake of appearances. A notable feat- 
ure was the extent to which wood entered into the construction of the 

Vacation Jottings 


carriage and the measuring am 
with the evident intention of s 
apparatus was in place which 
waves. In use it has been foui 
have the peculiarity thai 

3rding devices, and in all cases 

ig lightness and stiffness. An 

intended to make trochoidal 

make irrotacional waves, which 

>egin to break at the angle of 120°. 

All the models are made of paraffine hardened by beeswax, as is the 
practice at all European stations. The opinion was expressed that 
this material is desirable only where high temperatures cannot he 
expected. At the ItaHan tank at Spezia they said they had no 
difficulty with temperature, but that the length should not exceed 
twelve feet, and at Berlin models are made twenty-one feet long. It 
may be mentioned that at Washington models are made of wood, 
and are about twenty feet long, paraffine having been rejected on 
account of its weakness and liability 10 deformation in hot weather. 
Wood has other advantages, and it has been found desirable to store 
all important models, which could not be conveniently done if they 
were made of paraffine. Similar stations were seen at Spezia, Ber- 
lin, Bremerhaven, at John Brown & Co's. yard on the Clyde, and at 
ihe Leven Shipyard at Dumbarton. Each had features of interest, 
but, in general, they were of a technical nature, and, further, all 
were more or less direct copies of the Admiralty tank. The tank at 
Dumbarton, belonging to William Denny & Bros., has, however, 
special interest in that it has been in continuous use for twenty-two 
years, and a member of the firm said that, if they had another, they 
would keep it busy also. He further gave the opinion that every 
important yard should have its own tank, but that there are matters 
of general scientific interest that could be best treated at an open 
iiation that should not be hampered by governmental secrecy 
or by trade jealousy. This point was emphasized by the fact that a 
recent station is even now building up a necessary series of data 
which exists at every well-established station, but is locked up in 
archives or private records. One such station is now in operation 
in America, at the University of Michigan, and is described in a paper 
recently read before the Society of Naval Architects and Marine 
Engineers. One cannot avoid the question why the Institute should 
not lead in this matter, as in all other lines of scientific investigation. 


38 The Technology Review 

A large number of dockyards and shipyards were visited, but 
attention will be directed only to a few salient features. For ex- 
ample, the ^^Dreadnought" was seen in dock at Portsmouth, but there 
was no invitation to go aboard, nor was there any lengthy descrip- 
tion offered. This ship was launched four months after the keel was 
laid, and has completed her trials within the year; and yet the build- 
ing slip shows no special arrangements for facilitating work. It 
was a case of employing all the men that could work without inter- 
ference, and of seeing that no delay should arise. At private yards 
two cruisers were seen at a distance, for which the only information 
oflFered was that they must not tell for whom they were building. 
Now it appears that they, and one more of the same class, are 
cruiser battleships faster than any large ships afloat, and only less 
powerful than the "Dreadnought." 

A peculiar feature was seen at Toulon, on the Mediterranean, and 
at Stettin, on the Baltic; namely, building slips were excavated at 
the lower end below the water level, and gates were provided to ex- 
clude the water during building, so that the ship was in effect built 
partly in dock and partly above ground. The wet end was in some 
cases used for docking small craft. Both seas, it will be remem- 
bered, are free from tides. The noted yard of Anseldo-Armstrong, 
near Genoa, where was built the "Cristobal Colon," which was 
beached and cast away near Santiago, has its water front on the open 
bay, and ships are launched on a temporary foreslip over the beach. 
A notable feature at all the Italian yards was the location of machinery 
in the open through the yard, more especially now that electric 
transmission of power is widely used. The climate, of course, 
favors this arrangement. Rather curiously, a similar tendency was 
noted on the Baltic, with the addition of a galvanized iron shelter; 
but even on the Baltic they do not have the semi-arctic winter of 
New England. 

The German yards visited are of recent construction, with the most 
approved arrangements for transportation of material and machinery. 
They make one think of the new American yards, both countries 
having the advantage of starting with a free field. But the questions 
of general arrangement of transportation of material in the yard are 

Vacation Jottings 


far from setiied, there being no two yards in existence that are quite 
alike, though for that matter location and type of construction must 
always have a determining influence. At one of the most progressive 
yards, after a member of the firm had shown everything else, the 
question was raised concerning transportation of material, for that 
yard lacked the towering structures by which one can commonly 
locate a shipyard in the distance. With a laugh he said that he was 
not in the habit of saying anything on that question unless asked. 
Then he proceeded to explain a most complete and carefully devised 
method fitted to their method of corjstruction, the two having been 
developed together and being exact counterparts. Further inquiry 
discovered the same method in another important yard, with modi- 
fications to suit conditions. 

One of the most interesting yards was that ai which a particular 
type of cargo vessel is built, or perhaps we may say manufactured, 
for they are all very nearly alike, and all features of the establish- 
ment are developed on the factory system. They build just twenty- 
four ships a year. They have commonly just two ships fitting out 
at the dock. When visited, the engine shop had six engines from the 
same drawings in process of erection, and six more were in the shop. 
No hesitation is shown in scrapping a toot, ifa better can be found to 
replace it. It was said that it was necessary to import American 
machinery tools to start the British cool-makers out of the old ruts, 
hut that British-made tools are preferred when the right kind can be 
had, because they are stiffer. 

One of the most recent features is the introduction of converter gas 
for heating furnaces and for power. Two important shipyards 
on the Clyde — namely, John Brown & Co. and William Beardmore 
& Co. — depend entirely on the use of this gas. Now it appears that 
a critical feature of the system is the production of ammonium sul- 
phate as a by-product, which can be sold so as to reduce by half the 
cost of the coal used; that is, from six shillings to three shillings per 
ton. And thus is a new bond of interest brought about between 
navigation and agriculture. 

The new giant Cunarders were seen under construction at the yards 
of Swan it Hunter and of John Brown & Co., and the steam tur- 

40 The Technology Review 

bine shops of the latter company. Seeing the turbines in the 
machine shop, one realizes that it is the modern development of 
large and accurate machine tools that makes them possible. Clear- 
ances are calculated in thousandths of an inch, while it is to be 
remembered that Watt thought he had made a real advance when 
he had reduced the inequalities of his cylinder to the thickness of 
a shilling. Steam turbine builders predict that a few years will 
reduce the marine engine to a museum curiosity; but meanwhile 
the internal combustion engine is even now building that is to con- 
test the field with the turbine. 

C. H. Peabody, ^77. 

The Income Fund 




The total subscription to the Income Fund to date is $281,047,10, 
pledged by I,6q8 subscribers. The amount due as first instalment 
of the fund is $70,032.91, — an amount somewhat larger than one- 
fifth of the total subscription, because of pledges made by some for 
a single payment only, and because others who pledged a certain 
sum annually for five years have preferred to make a single payment 
covering their entire subscription. 

Ofihis amount of $70,032. 91 now due, we have received $60,916.41, 
leaving yet unpaid $9, 1 16.50. This sum is due from 299 subscribers, 
but 69 of these men, having pledged $2,366, have either written us, 
asking for the privilege of delaying this payment because of busi- 
ness or other reasons, or have in other ways signified their intention 
of paying at a later date, leaving 230 subscribers pledging $6,750.50 
from whom we have not directly heard. The reasons for this non- 
payment are doubtless many. Business reverses may account for 
some of the delinquents, pure negligence is no doubt the cause in 
other cases, while many feel that the afFairs of the Institute are 
unsettled as to its policy and future, and are unwilling to give until 
the uncertainly is removed. The Committee believes that the latter 
class are defeating their own desires, and that, if they became more 
intimately acquainted with the status of affairs and the earnest 
co-operation which exists among the Corporation, Faculty, and 
alumni to solve our problems, they would recognize the need for all 
to pull together at the present time and help mould the future to 
their mind. 

The delinquents are divided among the classes: — 

ig 1868-1S80 

36 i88o--i8<)o 

142 . . 1890-1906 

1 Not former students 

42 The Technology Review 

The sums due from the classes of *68, '70, '71, '79, and '80, have 
been paid in full. 

A number of subscribers have made a second payment on their 
pledges, and the amount thus received is $3,005. Interest on the 
funds in the hands of the treasurer of the committee, less collec- 
tion charges on foreign checks, amounts to $712.91. 

In addition to the sum received from the subscribers to the fund, 
friends interested in its success have made gifts for the work of the 
campaign, amounting to $1,124.50, so that our total receipts for 
fund work have been $65,758.82. 

Of the amount we have received, $59»734*32 has been handed 
to Mr, Wigglesworth as treasurer of the Technology Fund Com- 
mittee. $5,396.91 was expended in the campaign for subscriptions, 
this amount covering the labor, printing, postage, and general ex- 
pense of our work. $516.45 is the cost to date of collecting the first 
instalment of the fund, and $111.14 remains in our hands for cur- 
rent expenses. 

In the report of Mr. Wigglesworth for the past year, as Treasurer 
of the Institute, the amount received from the Income Fund is 
stated to be $42,583.61. It should be noted that this report is of 
the date of October i, and therefore does not correspond with 
the amount collected as stated above, much of which was received 
after that date. In fact, the Institute has now received from the 
fund $53,229.11, leaving in Mr. Wigglesworth 's hands, as Treasurer 
of the fund, $6,140.71, which he has not as yet been authorized to 
transfer to the Institute treasury. 

In October last the Alumni Association assumed control of our 
office, expanding it into an alumni headquarters, and assuming, 
among other duties, the clerical work which the continuation of 
the work of the Income Fund Committee will entail. While our 
work has been in progress, the clerical force and office facilities of 
the Fund have been used by the Alumni Association and various 
class organizations for the addressing and mailing of circulars and 
notices. For this work a charge has been made, covering the actual 
cost, and the amount so charged was $1,293.49, for which we have 
received payment in full. 

The Income Fund 43 

Tliese accounts are given below in a more compact form: — 

Gifts for especial work of the Income Fund Com- 

mirtee 21,124.50 

Payments from the Alumni Association, Class 

Secretaries, and others, for work done . . . 1,293.49 

■Payments from subscribers 63,921.4.1 

Interest on bank deposit, less collection charges 711-91 


.^mount turned over to Mr. Wiggleswonh, Treas- 
urer, and interest ;fi59,734.3i 

Amount expended for work for Alumni Association, 

Class Secretaries, and others 1,293.49 

Con of campaign for subscriptions: — 

I.,abor . , 12,171. ;5 

Postage i.5'389 

Printing 1,104.84 

Miscellaneous expenses 506.63 

Cost of collecting the fund :— 

Ubor *+i9'9S 

pMUge 67,20 

Printing 19.30 

Amount in the hands of the committee for current 

cspcnse 111.14 


The Committee wishes to express its cordial appreciation of the 
assistance of many men in its campaign and its sincere thanks to 
the subscribers for their hearty response to its efforts. 

Edwakd G. Thomas, Secretary. 


44 The Technology Review 



A Stated meeting of the Corporation was held on Dec. 12, 1906, 
the main purpose being to hear the annual reports of the Presi- 
dent and Treasurer, extracts from which appear on page 51. 

The special committee on nominations having brought in the 
name of Mr. Frederick W. Wood, *yy^ a term member, to fill the 
vacancy on the Executive Committee made by the resignation of 
Mr. Howard Stockton, Mr. Wood was unanimously elected to 
serve until the expiration of Mr. Stockton's term. The revised 
by-laws, having been submitted in print to all members of the 
Corporation, were unanimously adopted after discussion and 
with some further minor amendment. Upon motion of one of 
the term members a vote was passed to the effect that abstracts 
of the proceedings of the Executive Committee be sent to all 
members of the Corporation in advance of the regular meetings. 

The special committee on site, which was expected to report 
at this meeting, asked for further time. 


In the will of Charles Merriam, of Boston, who had been a member 
of the Corporation for a number of years, public bequests were 
made amounting in all to almost 1^70,000. The largest is a bequest 
of 1^25,000 to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, while 
smaller bequests are made to hospitals, churches, and religious 
associations and charitable institutions of many kinds, especially 
those dealing with children and institutions which carry on an 
educational work for boys. 



[Adopted by a Unanimous Vote of the Faculty, December, 1906.] 

The Faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
having received and accepted with profound regret the resignation 

General Institute News 


of Professor Harry W. 1 yier as its Secretary, after occupying that 
office for the past Rfteen years, desires to put on record an expres- 
sion of its hearty appreciation of his work during that u'me. 

In the preparation of business for Faculty meetings, in the su- 
pervision of student records for Faculty consideration, in the over- 
sight of entrance examinations, in his large share of the most im- 
portant and most varied committee duties, in his organization and 
development of the administration of the Secretary's office, in re- 
sponding to the countless demands incident to the office of Sec- 
retary, Dr. Tyler in each and every respect exhibited painstaking 
care, minute and accurate knowledge, rare judgment and wis- 
dom, and exceptional executive ability. 

As professor and head of the Department of Mathematics, his 
influence has been no less notable. Our own courses of mathe- 
matical instruction he has rearranged and improved. He has 
strengthened the department through the new appointments from 
time to time, and through the regular holding of conferences for 
discussion and mutual helpfu1n< 
has been prominent in the 
Examination Board, in establishing ; 
ciation of Mathematical Teach en 
the work of the American Mathet 
this society the report on entrance 
which was adopted by the society a 
leges. In these various ways Dr. 
effectively to the improvement in ma 
out the country. 

The Faculty of the Massachusi 
therefore, in Faculty meeting assembled, enters upon its records 
this testimonial lo the unusually efficient labors of Dr. Tyler. In 
the performance of his duties as Secretary he acquired a remark- 
able knowledge and grasp of even the minutest details, and a no 
less broad comprehension and sympathetic appreciation of large 
problems and general policies. Aided by a wonderful memory 
and guided by long experience, Dr. Tyler was able to settle stu- 
dent questions with facility and correctness, while he equallybrought 

Outside the Institute he 
of the College Entrance 

and carrying 

on the Asso- 

of New Engl 

and, and in 

natical Society, 

preparing for 

requirements in 


nd by a large n 

jmber of col- 

Tyler has contributed most 

hematical instru 

tion through- 

tts Institute of 



46 The Technology Review 

to the members of the Faculty most helpful assistance in the solu- 
tion of their own special difficulties. His tact, his wisdom, hi» 
sane judgment, his untiring industry, his breadth of view, his abso- 
lute and unselfish devotion to the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology, rendered Dr. Tyler's services as Secretary not only inval- 
uable, but also, so nearly as is ever humanly possible, indispens- 
able and incapable of fulfilment by any other single individual. 

Robert H. Richards. 
Charles R. Cross. 
Charles F. A. Currier* 
Frederick S. Woods. 


The Catalogue for the present year was issued on December i. 
The changes from the edition of last year are not numerous, and 
most of them have already been mentioned in previous numbers 
of the Review. Two new alumni organizations appear for the 
first time, the Technology Club of Minnesota and the Technology 
Club of Cleveland. The total number of graduates of the Insti- 
tute is now 3,670. The total number of students in the Institute 
is 1,397, classified as follows: candidates for the degree of Doctor 
of Philosophy, 10; candidates for the degree of Master of Science^ 
18; fellows, 7; graduate students, 18; regular students, fourth 
year, 178; third year, 194; second year, 169; first year, 272; special 
students, 552. 


Since the middle of December President Pritchett has been 
confined to his home in New York by an attack of typhoid fever. 
He is now convalescent, and expects to return to Boston before the 
end of January. 

At the autumn meeting of the National Academy of Sciences^ 
held November 20, 21, and 22, in the new buildings of the Har- 
vard Medical School, Professor A. A. Noyes read a paper on "The 
Conductivity, Ionization, and Hydrolysis of Salts in Aqueous 

General Institute News 

Solution at High Temperatures." Gilbert N. Lewis, research 
associate in Physical Chemistry, delivered a paper on "The Free 
Energy of Oxidation Processes." 

Professor Andrew N, Grabau, of the Department of Geology at 
Columbia University, has been awarded the first Walker prize, 
given each year by the Institute for the best memoir on a scientific 
subject. Professot Grabau submitted an essay on "The Inter- 
pretation of Sedimentary Overlap." 

The American Institute of Architects has recently held in Wash- 
ington a convention, in commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary 
of its foundation. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology 
was represented officially on this occasion by Professor Bartleti, 
who presented a brief address of greeting and congratulation. 

TTic regular monthly meeting of the Instructors' Club was held 
at the Union, November 20. The annual election of officers re- 
sulted as follows: president, Mr. Henry L. Seaver; vice-president, 
Mr. Francis H. Dike; secretary-treasurer, Mr. Joseph C. Riley; 
executive committee. Messrs. Robert Smith and Charles F. Willard. 
Mr. George L. Hosmer gave a very interesting talk on "The 
M. I. T. Eclipse Expedition to Sumatra." 

The secretary is constantly in receipt of applications for men to 
fill positions of every kind. It is earnestly hoped that alumni 
who desire employment or who wish to change their occupations 
will keep their names on file at the Institute. Blank forms for the 
purpose will be supplied by the secretary. 


In the Mining Department the opportunities for students are 
being enlarged at the present time by improving the Wetherill 
electro-magnet, which makes separations of minerals requiring 
a very high power magnet. 

A glass table a foot wide is being designed for testing the condi- 
tions for separating ores on surface tables to the best advantage. 

A pulsator, with all the latest improvements and adju! 


48 The Technology Review 

has just been installed for doing the most efficient form of classi- 
fication of ores. 

The new flotation methods of Potter, Delprat, Catermole, and 
Elmore will be installed on a very small scale. Some of these 
new designs and processes are expected to be used in thesis work 
this year. 

Two of the assistants have accepted places, and are about leav- 
ing at this time. Mr. J. T. Glidden has gone to be assistant editor 
of the Engineering and Mining Journal of New York. Mr. Ralph 
Hayden is leaving shortly to enter upon work with the Anaconda 
Copper Company of Montana. 

As an illustration of the cosmopolitan character of the Institute 
students, Mr. and Mrs. Richards gave a party at Technology Club 
on December 20 to a few of the mining students who had brought 
introductions or who were assigned to advisers. One was from 
Newburyport, Mass., one was from Boston, one was from Oska- 
loosa, la., one from Pennsylvania, one from Ohio, one from South 
Africa, one from Shanghai, and one from Hang-chau, China. 


The Department of Physics has received very considerable ac- 
cessions of apparatus this autumn. Besides much that is of a 
miscellaneous character, there may be particularly mentioned 
an important addition to the collection of vacuum tubes, already 
one of the most complete in the country, consisting of high vacuum 
tubes for illustrating the recent researches of Wehnelt on the radi- 
ations from glowing metallic oxides. 

There should also be mentioned several additions to the collec- 
tions of gyroscopes, now a very complete one, Bose's apparatus 
for the study of short Hertz waves, a new Torsion Balance, and 
a Geryk Air Pump. This last will prove useful for the ready pro- 
duction of high vacua without recourse to a mercury pump. 

The department has received from Mr. R. F. Gaylord the gift 
of a valuable ribbon chronoscope, with a tuning-fork recorder, 
of exceptionally good design and construction. 

General Institute News 

The most important addition is the recently perFected appa- 
ratus for the study of microscopic objects by ultra-violet light from 
the Zeiss Optical Works. The principle that the resolving power 
of a microscope increases in direct proportion to the diminution 
of the wave-length of the light employed is in this apparatus car- 
ried practically to the limit by using the ultra-violet radiation from 
the electric spark between cadmium or aluminium electrodes. 
Tliis is spread out into a spectrum by suitable prisms, and the 
chosen portion made to fall like ordinary light upon the object 
on the microscope stage. But, inasmuch as the glasses used for 
ordinary microscope lenses are practically opaque to this radia- 
tion, the entire optical system of lenses and prisms is made of 
quartz. The radiation itself is totally invisible; and it is there- 
fore necessary to make the preliminary adjustment with the aid 
of a fluorescent screen, on which the image becomes visible while 
focussing, a photographic plate being substituted for the screen 
when the actual picture is to be made. Many objects, particu- 
larly baaerta and crystals, which are transparent and almost in- 
visible by ordinary light, are opaque or nearly so to the ultra- 
violet radiation, and are thus capable of being examined without 
the necessity of previous staining. 

This important acquisition, in 
cTographic camera and apochrc 
equips the department for phol 
of the highest grade. 

A work entitled "Photography for Students of Physics and 
Chemistry," by Professor Derr, has just been published by the 
Macmillan Company. 

th the phototni- 
lenses recently purchased, 
igraphic work and research 

Improwd Mrth«J, of Teaching Sb,p Ca^Ururtwn 
Ship construction is a subject more or less difficult for the av- 
erage student in naval architecture, — more difficult rather than 
less, — for he frequently is a man who has had little, and more often 
no. experience whatever in the shipyard. Students come to us. 

50 The Technology Review 

strange as it may seem, who not only have never stepped foot in- 
side a shipyard, but have never seen a vessel near to. To teach 
such men the details of ship construction, the riveting together 
of plates and angles, is an important matter that has caused the 
Naval Architecture Department no little concern. We are inclined 
to believe that the present method of teaching, together with a 
considerable development of the course, — sixty lectures now being 
given in place of thirty a year ago, — is likely to accomplish the 
desired result. 

The course aims in the beginning to teach the student what the 
ship is, how the shipyard is laid out, what its essential features may 
be, and how they are provided for. And it undertakes a discus- 
sion of the construction or building apparatus, the crane service, 
the heavy machine tools, pneumatic tools, and the various appli- 
ances connected with modem shipbuilding. These are all illus- 
trated by a large number of lantern slides. The process of erect- 
ing the material is best illustrated by excursions to the various yards, 
but the details of the actual work can perhaps be better shown 
by small models than by any other means. 

The department has already constructed several wooden models, 
one-quarter size, which represent various types of plate and angle 
construction, such as deck stringers, web frames, bulkheads, etc. 
Angle shapes to the proper scale are milled out of pine lumber, 
assembled in the proper form, with small wooden rivet-heads 
attached. The whole, when painted with a good coat of red 
lead, is a most excellent imitation in miniature of the actual plates 
and angles; and the student, no matter how unfamiliar he may 
be with shipyards and shipbuilding, does not fail to grasp the 
essential features of the work, when thus illustrated. 

Lithograph plates have long been furnished to the students, 
illustrating this work; and, although they possess a distinct ad- 
vantage, in that the student can take them away with him, they 
do not convey as clear an idea as can be had with these wdbden 
models, which are made correct in the minutest detail. 

These models not only are used in illustrating the lectures, but 
are kept in the room where they can be constantly inspected. 

General Institute News 

Professor Bigelow, assisted by Mr. Lenz and Mr. Meister, of 
the Department of Modern Languages, and a number of their 
friends, entertained the Tech Union on the evening of Saturday, 
the 15th of December, with German student songs. Professor 
Bigelow reviewed briefly die history of German student singing, 
and introduced each song with an English version and a few re- 
marks upon its origin, significance, and merit. He expressed 
the hope that American students would follow the example of the 
Germans in having but one song-book for all universities, and 
advocated the adoption of the best songs of Germany, France, and 
other countries. He expressed the belief that American students 
would sing more than they do if they had better songs and more 
of them. 


Professor Osborne has been granted leave of absence for the 
present term on account of ill-health, but has made such improve- 
ment that he is expected to resume teaching in February, 

Professor Tyler has been elected vice-president of the Associa- 
tion of Teachers in Mathematics in New England and a member 
of a committee representing local Associations of Teachers ol 
Science and Mathematics, appointed to work out a plan for an 
American Federation of such associations. 

Mr. Ernest A. Miller, instructor in mathematics, was married. 
December 15, to Miss Phillips, of Salisbury Road, Brookline. 

Bxtracti frcm R/part of thr PrriiJenI 
. . . During the last year the Executive Committee has had under con- 
sideration, at various times, certain administrative changes looking toward 
• limitA] ipiCF hit obliged the Rivttw to omil totaj inKreiting eicricu from Che reporti 
si die Prcndnit and of tbE Headt of DeputmeoD vbkh would be of greu Intetett lo *U readeri. 
The Rimrw, tbentore, urgn ill [ho« who do not recdn 1 topj of the reporu lo Knd t 

I n^nru >o uu 

52 The Technology Review 

a more definite assignment of duties amongst the various officers charged 
with administration. Until within the last few years there were only two 
administrative officers under the Executive Committee, the President and 
the Secretary. With the growth of the Insdtudon, the increase in attend- 
ance and the consequent enlargement of all its relations, the need of a larger 
administrative staff was felt. For years past Dr. Tyler has combined the 
work of Secretary with that of head of a department. As Secretary he has 
had under his charge not only the general correspondence and the work 
of administranve assistant to the President, but the work of Secretary of 
the Faculty as well, which involved membership in several important com- 
mittees and supervision of correspondence which had to do with student 
repons and student standing. After careful consideration the Executive 
Committee has appointed a Secretary of the Institute, who serves as admin- 
istrative assistant to the President, and is in charge of the general correspond- 
ence and outside relations of the Institute. The duties of Secretary of the 
Faculty are performed by an officer who is elected by the Faculty, and who 
has to do with the immediate questions of student standing and reports and 
with the arrangements which the Faculty make with respea to such matters. 
Professor Tyler, who has for many years performed an enormous amount 
of work in connection with all these duties, remains in charge of the Depart- 
ment of Mathematics, and expects to devote his entire time to the develop- 
ment of this important and fundamental branch of the work of the Institute. 
To the position of Secretary of the Institute there has been elected by the 
Executive Committee pro tempore Professor Dana P. Bartlett; and to the 
position of Secretary of the Faculty the Faculty has elected Professor Allyne 
L. Merrill. In taking this action, the Executive Committee has placed on 
record an expression of high appreciation of the faithful and efficient service 
which Dr. Tyler has rendered to the Institute in his long performance of the 
work of Secretary of the Institute and of Secretary of the Faculty. 

... In the early history of the Institute the Corporation was the sole body 
of government, and dealt directly with all the details of administration. 
The result was unsatisfactory. The membership of the Corporation is too 
large to admit of the effective transaction of business in such a way, and 
for this reason the By-laws were amended so as to provide for the Executive 
Committee, which, under the Corporation, has charge of the details of 
administration. The creation of this body has had the tendency to carry 
the administration to the other extreme, and to intrust to the Executive 
Committee almost the entire direction of the institution. 

The desirable administration lies, as it seems to me, somewhere between 

of the a 

Corporaiion should not lose its function of passing upon all matters which 

have to do with the general policy and the larger purposes of the innitu- 

Since the addition of the tenn members 

some of whom come from a 

distance, it seems increasingly desirable that 

some means should be adopted 

of informing members of the Corpoiation in 

advance of the nature of the 

buiiness likely to come up for consideration 

at the regular meetings. . . . 

Another plan worth trying, it seems to me. 

is a modification of that which 


it used with great success in the Board of Trustees of the Carnegie Founda- 
lion for the Advancement of Teaching. 

... The minutes of the Executive Committee are printed in full, with 
a free running comment on such matters as were considered, and sent, 
after being printed, to all members of the Board of Trustees. . . . 

In any body as large as the Corporation of the Institute which does not 
deal with the direct details of administration, the question of retaining the 
interest and the co-operation of the members is not always easy. Those in 
direct charge of the administration, with the best intentions, do not always 
understand that the man in the larger legislative body is likely to tire of an 
aiiangement which does not involve actual duties and responsibilities. On 
the other hand, it is not desirable to bring before the larger body the details 
of administration which have to do with routine matters. Just how to 
combine the functions of these two bodies so as to preserve their mutual 
interest is one of the things which those in charge of the government of the 
Institute need to consider. . . . 

During the past year the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of 
Teaching has been inaugurated and has begun its active work. . . . 

It is not an agency fot the mere pensioning of superannuated professors. 
The foundation stands primarily for the idea that the time has come in 
the histoiy of American educarion when it is important — not only important, 
but vital — to strengthen the position of the teacher and to make it attractive 
to strong men, men who have initiative, who have intellectual qualities, 
who have social attractiveness, and the ability to influence other men. . . . 

With these principles in view, the Trustees of the Carnegie Foundation 
fot the Advancement of Teaching have . . . recognized some fifty-two insri- 
nitioni as entitled, by reason of fair standards and courses of study, to par- 
riciparion in this fund 

Among institutions thus admitted to the retiring allowance system is the 

54 The Technology Review 

Institute of Technology, so that our professors may now receive through 
the officers of the Institute a guarantee of the protection and the benefit of 
the retiring allowance system. The retiring allowance amounts, in the ordi- 
nary case, to about sixty per cent, of the active pay of the professor at the 
time of retirement; and under the rules of the Foundation the half of this 
amount is made available for the widow of the professor should she survive 
him. . . . 

The problem which stands immediately before the government of the 
Institute is that of the settlement of the question of its location during the 
next fifteen or twenty years. This should be settled at the earliest practi- 
cable moment, in order that those who have to do with the Institute and to 
work for its advancement may work with definiteness of aim and with under- 
standing of what its future is to be. . . . 

It seems to me clear that for the present and for many years to come the 
Institute of Technology must give the greater part of its effort to the under- 
graduate instruction. It seems, however, equally clear that, if it is to retain 
any large measure of leadership, it must develop at the same time graduate 
and research work. To compass these two somewhat dissimilar aims in 
the same institution is not easy; and I feel that, of several, perhaps the best 
purpose I can serve at this moment is by calling your attention to the exist- 
ence of these tendencies, and to the fact that your choice of the policy of 
the Institute is likely to have an important bearing upon its future standing 
according as its work tends to a purely undergraduate school or as it tends 
to include in its work a fair measure of graduate work and of research. . . . 

. . . We men in the college of technology need to recognize that it is not 
the study of literature, nor of economics, nor of history, nor of any other 
subject, that per se brings culture and a broad sympathy with men. Chem- 
istry, physics, and mechanics may be taught in such a way as to develop 
great humanistic interests as effectively as any of the so-called culture studies. 
The fact that we need to lay to heart is that the thing which brings true 
culture to men is intercourse with other men of culture, acquaint- 
ance with the thoughts of great men either through the medium of books 
or through the words of living men. It is the rubbing of one student against 
another. If we desire to increase in our colleges of technology a spirit of 
true culture and to bring about a larger common interest, the effective 
way to do this is to bring into our colleges teachers who are themselves 
exponents of this culture and of this wide human interest. . . . 

It is to be remembered that the chief purpose of the school of technology 
is to train practitioners in applied science, just as it is the chief purpose of 

General Institute News 


Bie medical school lo train practitioners in medicine. It is necessary thai 
there should he thai about the technical school which may encourage and 
inspire the small minotiiy of those who come to the life of the teacher and 
investigator; but the main purpose of the school is that which 1 have men- 
tioned. For this reason it is important that the student should have the 
view-poini of the practitioner of engineering, just as it is important that the 
medical student should have the view-point of the praaitioner of medicine; 
and, to bring this about, the teacher in the technical school himself should 
be a practitioner, just as the teacher in the medical school usually is. It is 
one of the advantages m the teaching of medicine that the practice may be 
10 readily brought into the clinic before the students; and we may well 
imagine what sort of physicians and surgeons would he turned out if their 
instruction lay wholly in the hands of men who were teachers rather than 

To bring about a closer contact with the rrianufacturer and to secure the 
real interest of the man of business in the school of technology is also a vital 
need of applied science at this time. The college in the United States pre- 
sents too often to the business man the attitude of the persistent beggar 
rather than the attitude of a co-laborer and sharer in the industrial problems. 
How to assure closer contact with industry and business is a problem which 
the school of technology of the next ten years must closely study. 

One way of securing this closer relation, as it seems to me, would be to 
develop the practical service of the school to the industrial interests of the 
Commonwealth and of the nation. For instance, the development of the 
great testing and research laboratory at Charlottenburg in connection with 
the school of technology has been an enormous factor in cementing together 
the school and the industries which it seeks to serve. . . . 

Def/artmenlt of Civil Engineering and Satittory Engineering 

. . . With still increasing numbers of students, and especially with the 
increasing pressure in the curriculum of other subjects to which more time 
DU^t to be devoted than has been found possible in the past, the quesuon 
of proper method of conducting field work, and the possibility of saving 
tome of the rime now devoted to it during the school year, becomes a very 
pteisirtg one. . . . 

I believe that it is desirable that the Corporarion should give immediate 
and serious attention to the tjuestion of inaugurating a summer school for 

56 The Technology Review 

field work which all students in Civil Engineering should be required to 
attend. Some changes in the courses of study would be required, but I 
think it would be found necessary to require students to attend such a school 
only during the vacation following the second year. During six or eight 
weeks of condnuous work they ought to complete the field work in survey- 
ing and in railroad engineering, and the hydraulic field work, leaving for 
the work of the term only the study of methods and instruments, and, to 
some extent, the plotting of results. . . . 

Some years ago mendon was made of the high rank obtained by graduates 
of these Departments in examinadons for the posidon of Civil Engineer in 
the United States Navy and in the Geological Survey. The latest instance 
is the examination, held a few months ago, for the posidon of Assistant Engi- 
neer for the Board of Water Supply of New York. A grade of seventy 
per cent, based pardally on experience, etc., was required for passing. 
There was a large number of applicants, and one hundred and fifty of them 
were successful. Of this number five out of the leading six (all but No. 3) 
were graduates of Courses I. and XL, and nineteen were former students 
of these Courses, including one non-graduate. . . . 

Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics 

. . . The improvements in the Course in Mechanical Engineering men- 
tioned in the President's Report of January, 1906, have proved to be of 
great value in increasing the usefulness of the Course, and in aiding us 
materially to keep it more and more in touch with the needs of the times, 
and with the live engineering questions of the day. Among these improve- 
ments may be especially mentioned the increased time devoted to each of 
the fourth-year Options, tlie addition of work in Power Plant Design, and 
the greater amount of instruction in Electrical Engineering subjects. 

The practice of these laboratories in carrying on a considerable amount 
of investigadon of modem engineering problems has been, as usual, con- 
tinued. ... 

Department of Architecture 

. . . The good results that have attended the union of third and fourth 
year students in a common drawing-room have made it highly desirable 
that the second-year students should have part in the same arrangement. . . . 
They need the stimulus gained by close association with men stronger 
than themselves, and they would more fully appreciate how much their 
own work stands for if they could watch more closely its theory put in prac- 

General Institute News 

hy those who ha 

They work on each 

yea I 

powers, and iheir ability ro d 
tcciure and to express ihemsel' 

tart of ihcm. The third and fourth 
ind. They help each other in many 

s drawings, and they criticise each other's 
10 develop more quickly their reasoning 

iminate between good and bad in archi- 

clcarly in words. . . . 

Dtparlmenls of Chimislry and Chemical Engineering 
. . . The Department has also received during the year, through the 
generosity of Mr. Arthur D. Little, funds for the temporary maintenance 
of a research assistantship in Organic Chemistry, the subject of the research 
to relate to the Chemistry of cellulose. An appointment will be made as 
tably equipped assistant can be found. This gift is specially 
cause of the purpose which underlies it; namely, to promote 
md progress of a particular line of industry by the endowment 
of research in a field of pure science upon which the industry depends. , . . 
Visits recently made to the laboratories of other institutions bring out 
clearly the great desirability of closer association of the branches of the 
Department than is now possible, and the loss of common interest that the 
present distribution of the work among the separate buildings entails. . . . 


Reirarih Laboratory of Physical Chemiitry 
. . . Upon the financial side the Laboratory has been again assisted 
by a grant of from the William E. Hale Research Fund and by a 
renewal of the grant of fi,ooo from the Carnegie Institution to Professor 
A. A. Noycs in aid of certain electrochemical investigations which are being 
carried on in the Laboratory. In addition, a grant of three hundred dollars 
has been made to one of the research workers, Mr. Richard C. Tolman, 
from the C. M. Warren Fund of the American Academy of Ans and Sci- 
ences, to enable him to construct what will probably be the most powerful 
ctjntrifugal machine ever made for experimental purposes, to be used in 
connection with an investigation of the electromotive force produced at 
(he two ends of a rapidly rotating solution of any ioniied substance; and 
1 separate grant of three hundred dollars from the Rumford Fund of the 
American Academy has been made to Professor A. A. Noyes, which is to 
be used for the construction ofa calorimeter adapted to direct thermochemi- 
cal measurements with solutions at 100°. . . . 

58 The Technology Review 

Department of Electrical Engineering 

. . . The plan of having many of the problems formerly assigned as home 
work now solved under the supervision of an instructor is being gradually 
enlarged with most satisfactory results. Hie opportunity for helpful sug- 
gestions and the elimination of harmful student co-operation are both 
accomplishments of genuine importance in the proper training of the stu- 
dents. . . . 

Department of Biology 

... A number of special students working together in the Research 
Laboratory of the Department, under the direction of Assistant Professor 
Winslow, have accomplished an important and elaborate piece of original 
investigation on the systematic relations of the bacteria of the family Coc- 
cacex. This work has not only cleared up the relationship of this group 
of organisms (which, besides some occurring in air, earth, or sewage, in- 
cludes forms ordinarily causing blood poisoning), but also opens up a 
promising method of approach to some of the fundamental problems of 
variation and heredity. . . . 

The Sanitary Research Laboratory and Sewage Experiment Station, 
affiliated as it is with this Department, has constantly proved of the highest 
service to students of Biology, and it is greatly to be desired that it shall 
become a permanent part of the Institute equipment, since it furnishes facili- 
ties altogether unique and well-nigh indispensable for students of Sanitary 
Biology, Municipal Sanitation, and Sanitary Science, not to mention those 
in Sanitary Engineering and Sanitary Chemistry. . . . 

Department of Geology 

. . . The opportunities for productive research in Physical Geology are 
nowhere greater than in a well-equipped technical school. The remarkable 
series of disasters in the last two decades due to earthquakes, flood-waves, 
and volcanoes marks the inadequacy and helplessness of earth science and 
its need of investigation on the practical side. The time is ripe for the es- 
tablishment of research laboratories of Physical Geology devoted to experi- 
mentation and exploration-measurement of earth movements and prompt 
investigadon in time of emergency with a view to forewarning and protection 
in the future. The engineering and physical laboratories can effectively 
co-operate in such investigations. Five thousand dollars a year for ten 
years at the Massachusetts Insntute of Technology would establish and 

maintain such a bborarocy, and in 
□ produce a permanent endowment. 

General Institute News 59 

the published results ought 

The English Depa 
nork of a list of pre 

Depanminl oj English 
ment made this year its first tri: 
inditions. The arbitrary requirement 
ribcd books has been done away with 

3rLs of 


10 the needs of individual i 
completely tests of the resul 
ary schools. He is tried it 
thought and his power of i 
appreciation of the quahtiei 
ment feels that it has reas 


n preparatory 
and teachers 
I best adapted 


e of his 

IS trammg i 
especially for the 

I the SI 


composition especially for the accuracy of his 
ipressioni in literature for his realization and 
which make literature of worth. The Depart- 
n to be pleased with the results, both in the 

papers actually written by candidates for admission and in the effects, so 
far as they are yet evident, of the attitude of secondary schools toward the 
work of the Inctitute. . . . 

Report of iht Seeretary of the Faculty 
. . The distribution of third-year students among the new general options 

LS follows.^ 

AdTiDcxd Eogliih Cod 
Adittnccd Frcndi . . 
AdTuccd GenDui 

EDgliih Literi 

of the EighlHntl 

French CoUoquii 
GenruQ CcJloqiuuin 
Hiitory of Sdence 
latcTDjitioDai Law 
The Engliih Bible . 


, . . Near the end of the year a special committee on Faculty Organi 
was appointed to report on a plan presented by the President for changes 
m the conduct of Faculty business. The committee has not yet reported 
upon this matter, but has been occupied s:incc the beginning of the school 
yeat with questions growing out of the action of the Executive Committee 
in discontinuing the "Secretaryship of the School" and establishing a Sec- 
retaryship of the Institute. . . . 

Financial grants amounting to ^5,850 have been made to fifteen persont 
for graduate study, ten at the Institute, and five for work elsewhere. At 

6o The Technology Review 

the end of last year the master's degree was awarded to nine candidates, 
including three naval constructors. There are at present eleven candidates 
for that degree, and ten for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. . . . 

The procedure with students entering the Institute from other colleges 
with advanced standing has been the subject of Faculty consideration dunng 
the year. It has been voted to excuse the bachelors of arts entering above 
the second year from first-year English and United States History, second- 
year English Literature and European History, the third-year general option, 
and the summer reading. Graduates entering the third year of the Courses 
in Chemistry, Biology, or Physics, may also offer an equivalent for Mechani- 
cal Drawing and Descriptive Geometry. . . . 

Report of the Dean 

. . . Mr. John F. Mahan, coach for the athletic teams, reports that the 
approximate number of men who have taken part in the different kinds of 
recognized athletics carried on by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology 
Athletic Association is as follows: — 

Track Athletics 90 ^09 Tug-of-wur 61 

Hare and Hound Run 36 *io Football Team 26 

Basket Ball 30 '10 Tug-of-war 65 

Lawn Tennis 25 Total 344. 

*09 Football Team 17 

The approximate number of students who used the Technology Athletic 
Field from September 26 until October 27 is ninety men per day. . . . 

Statistics of Illness for the School Tear 1 905-06 

No, in No. No. of 
Clasi. III. Dtalhs. 

Fellows and Graduates 26 — — 

Fourth Year 381 22 i 

Third Year 358 25 — 

Second Year 409 41 — 

First Year 292 29 i 

Total 1,466 117 2 

Report of Medical Adviser 

... A large number of conditions were treated, the most numerous being 
diseases of the digestive apparatus, of the nose and throat, of the skin, and 
surgical affections. About a dozen men suffered from severe illness, such 

General Institute News 

IK appcndiciiU, Rright's disease, malaria, jaundii 

c, goitre, cocaine habit. 

and fracrurcE. Two men had to leave the Institu 

e on account of pulmo- 

naty tuberculosis. A small number of sludfnis we 

re referred to specialists 

for treatment of the eye, ear, and skin. A small r 

umber of students were 

referred to the Massaehuseits General Hospital, 

where the Institute has 

as appendicitis, grippe. 

I, fracture, etc. . 
suggestion of Professor Talbot 

talk V 

and students of the Cher 



ns, including ih( 
of suffocation i 
carbon monoxide, chlorir 
urettcd hydrogen, ether, . 
dental swallowing of min< 

:al Department upon the emergency ti 

: are especially exposed. The subjects covered 
ie made by mineral acids and phosphorus, the 
r poisoning by gases such as hydrogen sulphide, 
?, bromine, ammonia, hydrocyanic acid, arseni- 
nd turpentine vapors and poisoning by the acci- 
ral poisons. , . . 

For the year tnding Sfpl. ig, I906 

. . . Subiiantial savings have been effected in various 
ture, notably in those for fuel, water, gas, and electricity. 

ms of e 

.Uss hi 

the matter of general e: 

It for certain large and i; 

expenses an 
comparing c 

spent for the public. 

■here would be a decided saving wei 

. . . There has been an increase i 
from Btudcnts" fees and the net resul 
rurrcni receipts, is a deficit of f 3,89 
of the most interesting features of the year, namely, the results of the devoted 
and efficient work of the Income Committee. This Committee has paid 
over ro the Institute during the year $^z,^ii.b\ free from all conditions. 
The collection of this sum shows the good will of the alumni, as well as the 
good work of the Committee. 

Apart from the above the Institute has received through the generosity 
of Mr. Nathaniel Thayer ^15,000, to be added to the permanent endow- 
ment fund. A similar amount has been received from the executors of the 
will of the late Charles Choate, and a like sum from the i:\tzMOTa of the 
will of the late Macy S. Pope. 

Charles G. Weld, M.D., has generously given $1 5,000 to be added to the 


62 The Technology Review 

permanent endowment fund, and in addition to this has given 1(1,600 for 
die Department of Naval Architecture. 

From the same generous but anonymous donor, who has contributed 
a like amount in previous years, we have received 1(5,000 for the Sanitaiy 
Research Fund. 

Dr. A. A. Noyes has given 1(3,000 for the Physico-Chemical Research 

Dr. W. W. Jaques, j(i,ooo for the Department of Physics. 

The estate of the late William £. Hale has contributed j(i,ooo for the 
Ph)rsico-Chemical Fund. 

Mrs. William B. Rogers has again given 1(225 ^^^ ^^^ purchase of periodi- 
cals for the Library. 

From the estate of the late Ednah D. Cheney we have received a further 
payment of j(i8o. 

From the B. F. Sturtevant G>. a motor of the value of 1(150, and from 
Professor Heniy M. Howe f 100. 

The net result of the whole year is an addition to the property of the 
Institute of 186,865.85. 

The Walker Memorial Fund now amounts to $107,557.06. . . . 

The Undergraduates 




On November 8 Dr. Frederick W. Hamilton, (he newly elected 
president of Tufts College, addressed the student body. Before in- 
troducing Dr. Hamilton, President Pritchett gave a short talk on 
the value of student activities. 

At a general convocation held December 7 President Pritchett 
spoke of the Christmas holidays, and said that any Tech man who 
was unable to go home on Christmas Eve would be welcome at that 
time at the Union, where the usual celebration would be held. He 
then introduced Dr. Henry Van Dyke, of Princeton, who took as 
his subject "Manhood." 


Civil Engineering Sociely. — Mr. James W. Rollins, '78, gave a 
very interesting and practical talk on "Causeway Construction" on 
November 5. 

Mechanical Engineering Society. — Mr. Arthur D. Dean, '95, who 
is in charge of Y. M. C. A. Trade Schools throughout New England, 
addressed the society on "Modern Industrialism and Some of its 
Responsibilities" at its meeting on November 6. 

On November 27 the society listened to 'A Strange Story of the 
North Woods," told by William Lyman Underwood. 

The society held a dinner on December 20 at the Copley Square 
Hotel. About seventy-five men attended, President Labbe presiding. 
Colonel Albert Pope, of the Pope Manufacturing Company, was the 
principal speaker, and was followed by Professors Lanza, Schwamb, 
Miller, and Haven. 

Mining Engineering Society. — The society met on November 13 
It the Tech Union to hear a talk on steel and iron castings by Dr. 
Richard Maldenke. 

A meeting of the society was held November 27, Three members 

64 The Technology Review 

from the Senior Class gave interesting and practical talks on their 
summer work in mining. 

Electrical Engineering Society, — ^A meeting of the society was held 
at the Tech Union November 5, with a large attendance. President 
Macomber presided. Professor Shaad gave the members a talk 
on "Apprenticeship Courses in Large Electrical Companies." 

Mr. Matthew C. Brush, *oi, gave a very interesting talk to the 
Society at the Tech Union on December 3. 

Geological Society, — Mr. R. A. Daly, Geological Commissioner of 
the Dominion of Canada, lectured before the society December 8 
on his work in the Rocky Mountains. 


1907. — ^This year the Senior Class will have the distinction of 
being considerably below the average in numbers. The official 
records show 178 regular fourth-year students as compared with 243 
last year. The number of special students, while large, does not 
compare with the previous year, and thus it points to a select grad- 
uating class this June. 

A number have dropped by the wayside during the three years; 
and now, as one begins to realize that the time is drawing near when 
those ties which have " made us and staid us " must soon be broken, 
one sees what Tech has meant, and there are mighty few who, from 
the sentimental side at least, do not wish that they were going to 
start in again next fall as Freshmen. 

Plans are being made to perfect a strong class organization, so that, 
when 1907 join the ranks of alumni, they will be able to keep in 
touch with one another and the life of their Alma Mater, which is 
so essential to the success and growth of an institution. 

As a result of the class elections this fall, the following men were 
chosen as Senior officers: president, Lawrence Allen; Vice-president, 
R. C. Albro; secretary, Alexander Macomber; treasurer, G. A. 

A most successful class dinner was held at the Union November 
9, with a record attendance. The guests were Dean Burton, Pro- 
fessor Wendell, Bursar Rand, and from the alumni Everett Morss 

The Undergraduates 

and I. W, Litchfield of '85. After the dinner the meeting was 
thrown open to discussion of class afTairs. 

It was voted that 1907, as part of their class gift, undertake the 
publication of a new edition of the"Tech Song Book, "to be dedi- 
cated to the memory of Frederic Field Bullard, '87; and a com- 
mittee, consisting of Packard, Robbins, Hastings, Coffin, and Middle- 
ton, was appointed to have charge. Considerable progress has al- 
ready been made, and the result will be a great source of pride to 
the class of 1907. 

The question of cap and gown for graduation was brought up 
and thoroughly discussed. Rather, however, than decide such an 
important innovation without due thought and consideration it was 
voted to refer the matter to the class on a ballot vote at the time of 
election of the Senior Portfolio Committee. This was done, and the 
result was overwhelmingly in favor of the cap and gown. 

The result will now be submitted to the Faculty for their ap- 
proval, and it is earnestly hoped the change will be made, as it will 
add no little to the dignity of our exercises. 

The Senior Portfolio Committee, as recently elected, consists of 
Robbins, Frank, Swett, Wonson, and Hastings, and an excellent 
book is promised. 

The following men have been elected Class Day Committee: 
R. C. Albro, C. E. Allen, L. Allen, J. M. Barker, C. R. Bragdon, 
C. W. Coffin, A. H. Donnewald, J. M. Frank, G. S. Gould, G. A. 
Griffin. H. B. Hastings, C. D. Howe, F. S. McGregor. A. Macomber, 
S. A. Marx, N. A, Middleton, S. R. Miller, E. H. Packard, K. W. 
Richards, D. G. Robbins, O. H. Starkweather, P. N. Swett, E. F. 
Whitney, H. S. Wonson, W. L. Woodward. 

1908. — The result of the class elections is as follows: president, 
H. T. Gerrish; vice-president, H. E. Allen; secretary, K, Vonnegut; 
treasurer, J. T. Tobin; Executive Committee, W. A. Adams, H. 
Webb; Institute Committee, G. T. Glover, H. A. Rapelye; Junior 
Piom. Committee, H. T. Gerrish, F. H. McGuigan, G. T. Glover, 
H. Webb, H. R. Putnam, H. A. Rapelye. 

The Juniors gave their first class dinner of the yeat at the Union 
November V ^- H. McGuigan acted as toastmaster, and Mr. Rand 

66 The Technology Review 

and Professors Burton, Merrill, and Wendell were the guests of the 

1909. — ^The officers for the coming year are as follows: president, 
A. L. Moses; vice-president, A. S. Dickerman; secretary. Miss 
H. M. Longyear; treasurer, S. S. Bundy; clerk, J. H. Critchett; 
Institute Committee, R. H. Allen, B. £. Hutchinson; Executive 
Committee, R. M. Keeney, F. G. Taite. 

There were one hundred and seventeen men at the second annual 
dinner of 1909, which was given November 2 at the Union. B. E. 
Hutchinson was toastm aster, and Mr. Rand and Mr. Blachstein 
were the guests of the evening. Field Day was the general topic 
discussed by the speakers, and the class elections were announced 
at the close of the dinner. 

At the end the class marched in a body to Rogers steps, and dis- 
persed after enthusiastic cheering. 

19 10. — The result of the elections is as follows: president, J. M. 
Fitzwater; vice-president, F. B. Avery; secretary, A. F. Glasier; 
treasurer, A. R. Nagle; Executive Committee, W. U. Foster, F. A. 
Hurley. The Institute Committee are T. W. Saul, B. Reynolds, 
and J. M. Fitzwater. 

The class held its class dinner November 8. The Tech Union 
was taxed to its full capacity, and many were obliged to stand. 

On December 5, in 6 Lowell, Dean Burton, Dr. Tyler, and Dr. 
Noyes addressed about two hundred first-year students on ''Choice 
of Course." 


Musical Clubs. — One of the most successful concerts that the 
clubs have yet given was the annual winter concert and dance, held 
December 18 in the New Century Building. Over five hundred 
people were present at the concert, and nearly half that number re- 
mained for the dance. On the singing of "The Stein Song" by 
the Glee Club, the whole house stood up, and by joining in on the 
chorus helped to bring the concert to a strikingly enthusiastic close. 
At the conclusion of the song R. E. Keyes, '07, leader of the Glee 
Club, called for a Tech cheer, and all responded with a vim and 

The Undergraduates 


rousing enthusiasm that almost shook the walls. The matrons were 
Mrs. Alfred E. Burton, Mrs. Walter Humphreys, Mrs. Arthur G. 

ff'alker Club.- — In conjunction with the Technology Club the 
Walker Club held a reception at the Technology Club October 26. 
Nearly all the members and some forty guests were present. The 
reception was held for college graduates and students entering the 
Institute, in order to acquaint them with their classmates and fellow- 
students. Men from Cambridge. Oxford, and Heidelberg, as well 
as from every State in the Union, were present. 

At the monthly dinner of the club held December 19 at the Tech- 
nology Club, Dean Burton, Professor Pearson, and Mr. Blachstein 
were the guests. Dean Burton spoke of his experiences in France, 
particularly during his last visii, and gave some interesting descrip- 
tions of student life in the French universities. 

Civic Club. — At a meeting of the club held November zj at the 
Tech Union an address was delivered by Mr. F. N. Balch. 

Catholic Club. — Hon. Herbert S. Carruth, ex-alderman and the 
present head of the Boston penal institutions, gave a forceful talk 
on "Catholic Leadership" before the monthly meeting of the Cath- 
olic Club on January 2. 

British Empire Asiociation. — The association held a business 
meeting and smoker at the Union on December 10. 

Mexican C/ui.— About twenty Mexicans at Technology have es- 
tablished a club which promises to be a success, as already two 
meetings have been held. As yet no name has been decided upon 
for the club. The officers are: president, Y. S. Bonillas; vice-presi- 
dent, R, M. Munoz; secretary and tteasurer, T. Muriel. 

Nnv fork Club. — About thirty men attended the first annual 
Christmas dinner of the New York Stale Club at the Union Decem- 
ber 24. Election of officers resulted as follows; W. !, Griffin, '07, 
president; F. J. Friedman, '08, vice-president; L. A. Freedman, 
'07, secretary; B. A. Robinson, '08, treasurer; C. W. Coffin and 
C. Kuttzmann, '09, Executive Committee. 

Ohio Club.~The club has elected the following officers for the 
year: president, S. R. Miller, '07; vice-president, M. E. Allen, 'o8; 

68 The Technology Review 

secretary, N. RansohoflF, 'lo; treasurer, W. G. Spengler, '08; ser- 
geant-at-arms, H. G. A. Black, '10. 

Missouri Club, — ^The annual dinner and business meeting of the 
Missouri Club was held at the Union December 6. Retiring Presi- 
dent J. B. Hariow presided. Dr. Pritchett, who is a Missouri man, 
was re-elected honorary president of the club. The election for a 
new president was a close one between E. S. Brown, '08, and W. F. 
Dolke, '08, and was decided by the two tossing a coin. Brown won, 
and Dolke became vice-president. A. F. Harold, '09, was elected 

Chicago Club Dinner. — ^The Chicago Club held a very enthusi- 
astic meeting and dinner at the Union on December 12. Charles 
R. Brigham was toastmaster. Dr. J. D. Smith, a teaching fellow 
in the department of American Archaeology at the University of 
Chicago, was present, and gave the members a very interesting talk 
on his experiences in New Mexico and Arizona while "mining for 
relics" of the ancient Indian peoples. 

Y. M. c. A. 

The Technology Christian Association has become one of the 
leading factors in Institute life. Through the information bureau 
at the first of the year 75 men secured suitable rooms, 20 men se- 
cured employment, and a large number received information in 
regard to registration and other matters. In the securing of rooms, 
the men had a list of over 150 carefully selected rooms to pick from, 
all of these rooms vouched for and highly recommended. 

Thirteen hundred handbooks were given out, which means that 
that number of students were registered on the Y. M. C. A. cards. 
Through the list thus obtained, 800 men were introduced to the 
churches of Boston. At the present time there are nearly two hun- 
dred Tech men taking up Bible study under the auspices of the 


The Tech show held its first Kommers November 24. 
At a special meeting, December 13, the Institute Committee voted 
unanimously to assume charge of the Kommers next term. 

The Undergraduates 69 

One hundred and ninety men attended the Kommers at the Union 
December 15. After the dinner was over, all sang "On Rogers 
Steps." Professor John Bigelow, Jr., gave a short history of Ger- 
man student singing, then started the singing of the German songs, 
translating each one before it was sung. The men present were led 
in singing by a chorus composed of Germans residing in Boston 
and other men who knew the songs. 

Major Bigelow announced that Heath & Co. had presented the 
Union with a complete edition of German songs, and that he person- 
ally was presenting the Union a German Kommersbucb. 


On December 20 about a hundred students of the Institute e 
joyed the reading by Professor Bates of Dickens's "Chri; 

About two hundred men who did not go home for the holidays 
were entertained at the Tech Union Christmas Eve, at a reception 
given by President and Mrs. Pritchett and Mrs. William B. Rogers. 
Dr. and Mrs. Pritchett were not present, as Dr. Pritchett was ill in 
New York. Dean and Mrs. Burton, Professors Sedgwick and Bart- 
lett. Mr. and Mrs. Rand, and Mr. and Mrs. Mixter were present. 
Three of the performers from Keith's Theatre gave an excellent en- 
tenainment. After refreshments were served, the Bursar assumed 
the role of Santa Claus, and distributed the gifts from the Christmas 
tree, which was beautifully decorated. 

About a hundred Seniors went in a body to Keith's Theatre New 
Year's Eve, in accordance with the old Tech custom. There was 
no cheering in the theatre. After the performance the men sep- 
arated, but at 11.30 the class met again on Rogers steps and sang 
all the Tech songs and gave all the Tech cheers. At exactly 12 
o'clock (corrected for temperature and latitude) the timer gave the 
word, and a mighty 1907 cheer hurst forth. 


The book of the Tech Show this year has been written by E. W. 
James, '07, whose manuscript was the best of many excellent ones 

yo The Technology Review 

submitted. The name of the Show will not be announced until the 
second term. 



The Annual Field Day took place at the Technology Field on 
Friday, November i6, the Faculty granting a half-holiday to the 
students for the purpose. The day was won by the Sophomore Class 
after the closest contest which has ever taken place between the Fresh- 
men and Sophomores. The relay race and the football game were 
hard fought throughout, and the tug-of-war was won by the Fresh- 
men in 2 minutes and 9 seconds. The football game and the 
relay race being won, however, by the Sophomores, that class se- 
cured the right to engrave its number upon the Field Day cup. 

Cross Country Run, — In the best race that a Technology team 
have ever run Harvard 'Varsity was defeated 18 to 39. The record 
for the course, 24 minutes and 50 seconds, was broken by the first 
three men to finish, Howland going the distance 19 seconds faster. 
As this event preceded those of Field Day, the favorable result added 
much enthusiasm to the afternoon. 

Tech Night. — ^Tech Night at the Tremont Theatre after Field 
Day was not as lively as former ones, but proved to be an ideal col- 
lege night and the play, "The College Widow," a most appropriate 
one. The theatre was decorated with 1909 and 19 10 banners, and 
all the players were wearing either 1909 or 19 10 arm-bands. In the 
last act a dog was brought on, wearing a blanket having 1909 on 
each side. 


For the sixth time Cornell won the intercollegiate cross country 
race this year, with Pennsylvania only three points behind. Tech- 
nology finished third, with Yale fourth. 

For Technology, MacGregor won sixth place, coming in a minute 
behind the leader. The other Tech men finished as follows: How- 
land, 14; Callaway, 16; Chapman, 20; Udale, 24; Batchelder, 29; 
and Patch, 44. 

The Undergraduates 


The schedule of the team for the v 
follows : inter-class meet, January : 
Cross at the B. A. A., February 16; 1 
the Tech Gym, March 6; spring das; 
vith the University of Mai 

inter and sprmg season is as 
; relay race against Holy 

ual meet with Holy Cross at 
games, April 28; dual meet 

10, Me., May 4; dual meet 

with Brown at Tech Field, May 11; New England intercollegiate 
championship meet. May 17-18. Besides these 'varsity meets the 
team will be entered in a number of the open meets around Boston, 
notably in the Newton open r 
Guards at Medford. 


t and that of the Lawrence Light 

At the recent meeting of the Intercollegiate Fencing Association 
Technology was again refused admittance. The West Point repre- 
sentative opposed the election of any ne^ members to the association 
on the ground that the membership is already too large, and that 
the present unwieldiness would only be aggravated. 


The annual indoor class championship, held at the Gymnasium 
January 8, was decided in favor of 1908. 

The summary:— 

35-YARD Dash. — Trials. First heat: First, R. C. Albro, "07, time 
* 3-5 K; second, R, M. Keeney, '09. Second heat: First, K. W. 
Richards, 'cg, time + 2-5 s.; second, C. W. Gram, '09. Third 
heat: first, K. D. Fernstrom, '10, time 4 3-5 seconds. Final 
heat: First, K. W, Richards, '09, time 4 2-5 seconds; second, 
C. W. Gram, '09; third, R. M. Keeney, '09; fourth, R. C. Albro, '07. 

High Jump. — First, tie between E. Smart. '10, and R. H. Allen, 
09. height 5 ft. 4 in.; second, H. A. Rapelyc, '08; third, tie between 
H. W. Blackburn, '08, and G, Schobingcr, "08. 

880-yARD Run. — First, B. L. Crimson, '08, time 2 m. 14 1-5 
».; second, H. Y. Frost, '09; third, W. R. Waldo, '10; fourth, H. E. 
Allen, '08. 

440-yARO Run. — First, C. W. Gram, '09, time i m. 3-5 8.; 



72 The Technology Review 

second, J. Avery, 'lo; third, H. W. Blackburn, '08; fourth, K. D. 
Fernstrom, '10. 

40-YARD Hurdles. — First, R. C. Albro, '07, time 5 4-5 s.; 
second, C. A. Eaton, '07; third, R. M. Keeney, '09; fourth, H. A. 
Rapelye, '08. 

Putting i6-pound Shot. — First, J. H. Ruckman, '10, distance, 
33 ft. 3 in.; second, C. W. Morrison, *o8; third, J. H. Critchett, '09; 
fourth, H. L. Sherman, '09. 

Pole Vault. — First, G. Schobinger, '08, height 10 ft.; second, 
T. W. Orr, '08; third, J. Tetlow, '08; fourth, E. S. Russell, '10. 

One-mile Run. — First, H. H. Howland, '08, time 5 m. 5 s.; 
second, C. L. Batchelder, '08; third, S. M. Udale, '07; fourth, R. W. 
Ferris, '08. 

Summary of points,— 

1908. 1909. 1907. 1910. 
34 32 16 15 

The Graduates 




The business meeting of the Alumni Association was held at 
the Hotel Brunswick Friday evening, Jan. i8, 1907, and was called 
10 order by President Morss at 6.30. 

TTie report of the Executive Committee wa 
secretary, Professor A. G. Robbins. A brief 
tion given to the class of 1906 in the Engineerin 
The change of method in electing, and the ch 

read by the retiring 
of the recep- 
ildings was given, 
of the privileges 

; been covered by the 

; of the 


of associate members, which hai 
ments to the constitution, wer 

constitution grants to associate members all the privileges o 
with the exception of that of holding office. A report was made of 
the establishment of the alumni office in Rogers Building of the 
Institute, and a formal report was made of the election of five candi- 
dates for term membership in the Corporation of the Institute, and 
aiso a formal report of the election to the Corporation of nine of the 
candidates who were selected by the alumni last year, and of the 
election since then of one of these candidates, Mr. F. W. Wood 
of 1877, to the Executive Committee of that body. 

The trustees of the Alumni Fund and of the M. 1. T. Life Mem- 
bership Fund reported that funds had been received from seventeen 
new life members, making a total of 130. 

The report of the Committee on the School was read by Mr. 
Keough, and discussed the following points: the non-election of a 
President during the past year; changes in the list of officers of ad- 
ministration; statistics of the school; the difficulties under which 
some of the teaching force serve; the danger of too many appoint- 
ments to the instructing staff from the graduates of the Institute. 
The functions of this committee were also discussed in the report. 


74 The Technology Review 

and it was even suggested that, since the alumni has representation 
on the Corporation, the need of this committee has been, to some 
extent, done away with. 

In the report of the Committee on the William Barton Rogers 
Scholarship Fund the committee called attention to the fact that 
some of the former beneficiaries have not been prompt in refunding 
their loans, and that, in consequence, the committee has been unable 
to assist students to that extent which it might otherwise have done; 
and the committee closed its report with an exhortation to the bene- 
ficiaries, — "If you can, be as liberal to the other fellow as the fund 
was to you." 

The report of the Walker Memorial Committee showed that the 
fund has risen from $109,754.91 to $114,397.11, and the chairman 
of this committee called attention to the fact that, although it is 
now ten years since General Walker died, the Institute is still without 
the memorial. He trusts that the question of location may soon 
be satisfactorily settled, so that the memorial may be erected. 

A somewhat longer report was made by the Advisory Council on 
Athletics: — 

It has been the endeavor of your Council: — 

First. To study the conditions which command the physical develop- 
ment of the Technology students. 

Second, To study the forms of athletic sports which are practicable. 

Third, To adapt these sports to Institute traditions and Institute life. 

Fourth, And, finally, to develop a system of athletic sports to bring out 
the greatest possible number of students to compete in various branches of 
exercise, all of which tend to develop the growing youth properly, without 
straining or overdoing the athletic side of college life. 

The Council regretted that it could not give a more cheerful' 
financial report, and strongly urged that some assistance be given 
it. Attention was called to the fee of ;|!8 charged to students at 
Dartmouth College, and the suggestion was made, for consideration, 
that a similar tax of $^ be asked of students at the Institute for the 
support and maintenance of athletic teams, gymnasium, athletic 
field, etc. This fee "would place the Advisory Council in a position 

The Graduates 


block to continually 
t be a burden to any 

financial question would not be 
stumble against," and, it is believed, would 

As usual, the reports of these various committees will be published 
in full, and will be sent to all members of the Association. 

Following are the officers elected: president, Everett Morss, '85; 
vice-president, Edward G. Thomas. '87; secretary, Walter Hum- 
phreys, '97; for the Executive Committee, Arthur G. Robbins, '86, 
4nd Leonard Metcalf, '92; Nominating Committee, Richard A. 
Hale, 'yj, George V. Wendell, '92, and Walter E, Piper, '94; Com- 
mittee on the School, John O. DeWolf, 'qo; trustee of the Alumni 
Fund and Life Membership Fund, Edwin C. Miller. '79; Committee 
on Associate Membership, Leonard P. Kinnicutt, '75. and Harry E. 
CliiFord, '86; Advisory Council on Athletics, John L. Batchelder, 
Jr.. 'go. 


The annual dinner was held at the Brunswick, beginning at 
wven o'clock. About two hundred and fifty alumni were present, 
and there were a number of members of the Corporation and Faculty, 
not alumni, seated at the head table. There, also, was Mrs. William 
Barton Rogers, the honored and greatly loved widow of the first 
President of the Institute. Mr. Everett Morss presided, and during 
the dinner called upon Mr. Edward G. Thomas. '87, who made an 
interesting report on the Alumni Fund (printed elsewhere). 

In introducing the after-dinner speakers. President Morss ex- 
pressed great regret at the absence of President Pritchett, who has 
been ill in New York for a number of weeks with a mild form of 
typhoid fever, and read a telegram from Dr. Pritchett conveying his 
regrets and best wishes. President Morss referred to the past yeaf 
ai one full of events to the Institute. He made formal announce- 
ment of the election of nine alumni to term membership in the 
Corporation, and of the nomination of five more, from whom three 
members are to be selected by the Corporation in March, and of 
ihc election of one of the term members, Mr. Frederick W. Wood, 

76 The Technology Review 

^yjy to the Executive Committee of the Corporation. He spoke 
also of the fact that non-graduates who are admitted, by the Execu- 
tive Committee of the Alumni Association, to that body have now 
all the privileges of graduates excepting that of holding office. 

Mr. Morss introduced, as the first speaker, Hon. Eben S. Draper, 
'78, Lieutenant Governor of the Commonwealth and a member of 
the Corporation. Mr. Draper brought the greetings of the Com- 
monwealth, and spoke in high praise of the Institute, in part as fol- 
lows: — 

There is no other institution that gives to its graduates such a working 
capital to stan with as the Massachusetts Institute of Technologyr. It has 
a place of its own in the sphere of education, turning out men that not only 
have a complete education, but have a complete knowledge of scientific 
work. The trade and textile schools that are springing up all over the State 
are going out of their province when they attempt to do the work that the 
Institute is doing, and I will make great effort to keep them where they 
belong. They are schools to teach trades and certain parts of the indus- 
trial work. They are attempting to take up the work in a broad way, 
with the result of giving only a smattering of knowledge. 

The second speaker was Professor Wallace C. Sabine, Dean of 
the Lawrence Scientific School, who told in a most interesting way 
of the changes which have taken place in Harvard University rela- 
tive to the department of pure and applied science during the past 
year. He showed that the trend at Cambridge is towards the grad- 
ual absorption of the undergraduates of the Lawrence Scientific 
School into the academic department and towards the creation of 
a graduate school of science comparable to the Harvard Law School. 
Professor Sabine, whose sister (Mrs. Annie Sabine Siebert, '88) is 
a graduate of the Institute, expressed the most cordial feelings 
towards Technology and a most earnest desire to work in entire 
harmony with it. 

Mr. Frederick P. Fish, who was next introduced as representing 
the Corporation of the Institute, said in part: — 

There is no doubt that in the past the Institute has been a great school. 
It started in the front rank, it stayed there, and is there now. 

he Graduates 

The young men of the Institute ought to be educated so that they a 
more than engineers. They should have as much breadth as they can gi 
M as to develop especially tovuard executive work. The Institute shou 
»\fio nrive for research work, for the theoretical science of to-day is tl 
applied science of to-morrow. 

Continuing, Mr. Fish spoke with tnuch emphasis of the high appre- 
ciation on the part of the Corporation and Executive Committee 
of the Alumni Fund, and pointed out how this considerable sum 
of money thus freely given has enabled the Trustees to increase the 
teaching force, to purchase much-needed apparatus, and to make 
essential repairs, which, had it not been for this money, they would 
hardly have felt themselves justified in undertaking. Mr. Fish 
rejoiced at the opportunity given by such gatherings as this to bring 
the Trustees and the alumni face to face, and expressed the hope 
that both bodies might understand one another better, and mi^l 
work together even more closely than at present. 

The last speaker of the evening was Professor Dugald C. Jackson, 
the newly elected head of the Department of Electrical Engineering. 
He spoke from the standpoint of a man on the outside of the Insti- 
tute who was soon to be upon the inside, and expressed his aston- 
ishment that, in view of the crowded quarters and inadequate facili- 
ties of some of the departments, the Institute still managed to do its 
full duty by its students, and to turn out men so thoroughly equipped. 
He voiced the anxious hope of the Faculty and of all Institute men 
ihat relief for the crowded condition of most of the laboratories 
might soon be found. Professor Jackson made a very agreeable 
impression upon the alumni, to most of whom this was his first intro- 

During the evening there was much class cheering, and the 
speakers, as well as Dr. Pritchett, were honored with the Tech 
cheer given by the entire gathering. 


In the second election of candidates for term membership in the 

Corporation, 809 ballots were c. 

From the eight nominees whose 



78 The Technology Review 

names were on the printed ballot, the five who received the largest 
number of votes were: — 

George W. Kittredge, '77. Eleazer B. Homer, '85. 

Frank G. Stantial, '79. George E. Hale, '90. 

Leonard Metcalf, '92. 

All the candidates for officers of the Association whose names 
appeared on the printed ballot were elected. The four amendments 
to the Constitution which were recommended on the official ballot 
were adopted. 


The Technology Club has opened a register for Technology men 
living away from Boston who may visit this city; and all men, 
whether members of this Association or not, are cordially requested 
to register at the Club-house, 83 Newbury Street, when in the city, 
in order that their Boston friends may know where to find them. 


The tenth annual meeting and dinner of the Association of Class 
Secretaries was held at the Technology Club, Boston, on Friday 
evening, Nov. 23, 1906. During the dinner the business meet* 
ing was called to order at 7.35 p.m. by the secretary; and W. G. 
Snow, '88, was chosen chairman for the evening. 

The minutes of the previous meeting on April 20, 1906 (at which 
arrangements were made for the annual Commencement celebra- 
tion), and the financial report of the year, were read by the secre- 
tary, approved, and placed on file. Financially, the Association 
was shown to be in a prosperous condition, due in part to the 
profits from the 1905 "Tech Night Pop Concert," which the As- 
sociation managed. Beginning the year with a balance of 1(531.11^ 
the receipts for the year amounted to 1(127.10, and the expenses 
to $yy,i2y leaving a balance on hand at the beginning of the meet- 
ing of 1(580.39. During the meeting the 1906 Commencement 
Celebration Committee turned into the treasury a check for t^JS-Zi* 
the net proceeds of the 1906 "Tech Night Pop Concert" remain- 

ing after the payment of the general expenses of this year's com- 
mencement celebration, making the total funds of the Association 
at the close of the meeting 8955-72. 

The report of the Committee on Publication of the Technology 
Review was presented by J. P. Munroe, '82, as follows; — 

Soon after the last annual meeting your Board of Publication was com- 
pelled, most reluctantly, to accept the resignation of Mr. Leonard Meicalf, 
who felt that growing professional demands and frequent absences from 
Boston made it necessary to sever his connection with the Review. Mr. 
Meicairi deep tmcresi in Institute affairs, his wide experience of business 
matters, and his clear judgment made him a most valuable member, ami 
the Board received his resignation with extreme regret. After much per- 
suasion, Mr. Edward G. Thomas, secretary of the class of "87, accepted 
the position thus made vacant. 

The year closing Oct. 31, 1906, has been, in contrast to the preceding 
two years, one of comparative quiet for the Review. While awaiting the 
Mling of the vacancy in the ofBce of President, the Institute has entered 
upon no new policies and has made no very radical changes. Therefore, 
the duties of your Board of Publication have been limited to the securing 
nf newi from the Institute departments and the alumni and in procuring a 
lufitcicni number of articles bearing upon Technology (juestions to make 
up the 500 pages which it is its aim to provide in the four issues of the 

Owing in large measure to the zeal of the secretaries of the most recent 
classes, the bulk of the matter under the general heading of "News from 
the Classes" has been greater than usual. There has been an increase, 
also, in the matter from the several departments of the Institute. Through 
more active co-operaiion of the undergraduate members, moreover, the 
"Student News" has been more authoritative. 

White this volume has contained no matters of such wide-spread interest 
M the "Reunion" and the "Proposed Alliance with Harvard," the Board 
hopesthai the four numbers have been of interest to all readers of the Review, 
and have been a just reflection of the spirit and work of Institute men. 

In its report of last year your Board expressed the fear that, unless 
more revenuewere secured, it could not make so favorable a showing this 
ytzi as in November, 1905, when there was practically no deficit. We are 
happy to ttate, however, that the close of the present volume finds us with 

8o The Technology Review 

only the small deficit of ^3.10. This result has been due to strict economy 
in the printing of the numbers, and to the facts that our subscriptions have 
been increased by eighty-three, while the income from advertising has 
remained practically unchanged. It should be remembered, however, that 
whenever the present tide of prosperity ebbs, the advertising, and possibly 
the circulation, will fall off. Therefore, steps should be taken to place the 
Review, while it is out of debt, upon a sounder financial basis. 

In this connection the present writer begs to remind the Association that 
this completes the eighth year of the Review, and that with the close, prefer- 
ably of the ninth, and certainly of the tenth volume, he must ask to be 
relieved of his duties upon the Review. He ventures to suggest, therefore, 
that the Association take seasonable steps either to secure some one else 
who can give gratuitous service in the immediate supervision of each number 
or else so far to increase the revenues of the magazine that it can afford to 
employ a paid editor. 

At the conclusion of the report it was accepted and placed on 
file; and the meeting voted, unanimously, to extend to the Com- 
mittee on Publication the thanks of the Association in appreciation 
of the notably efficient work of the committee in behalf of the 

Reports of the 1906 Commencement Celebration Committee 
were presented by Everett Morss, '85, president of the Alumni 
Association and chairman of the General Committee, by L. W. 
Pickert, '93, chairman of the Pop Concert Committee and treasurer 
of the General Committee, and by H. L. Cobum, '98, chairman 
of the Committee on Dinners and Spreads. The Commencement 
Celebration Committee, through its sub-committees, successfully 
managed the "Tech Night Pop Concert" and the class spreads 
on Commencement Day, June 5, assisted the classes in arrange- 
ments for class dinners, and undertook all general work of the 
celebration, except the alumni reception to the graduating class, 
which was in charge of the Executive Committee of the Alumni 

The report of the Pop Concert Committee showed that in every 
way the 1906 "Tech Night" was a success. The gross receipts 
from the concert were j|!i 9538.70, of which ;(! 1,000 was paid to the 

The Graduates 8i 

management of Symphony Hall, leaving a surplus from the con- 
cert of ^538. 70. From the latter were paid the general expenses 
of commencement, including printing, postage, clerical work, 
and advertising, amounting to £166.95, ^"^ ^P "* '^^ ^"'^ °^ '^^ 
meeting £3.58 had been received for interest on deposits, making 
the net proceeds of the commencement celebration ^375-33. In 
his report Mr. Pickert emphasized the importance of engaging 
Symphony Hall early, and suggested that in the coming year the 
Celebration Committee commence its labors early in the second 
term of the school year, in order that the undergraduates, and the 
giaduattng class in particular, might make suitable arrangements 
for attending the "Tech Night Pop Concert." 

Mr. Coburn, for the Committee on Dinners and Spreads, reported 
that, owing to the convention of the American Medical Associa- 
tion, held in Boston during our Commencement Week, it had been 
difficult to secure suitable accommodations for the classes at Back 
Bay hotels on Commencement Day. For this reason, in many 
instances, two or several classes held joint dinners. The commit- 
tee made arrangements for all class spreads, which were held in In- 
stitute buildings, and in many instances the committee materially 
assisted the class committees in arrangements for the class dinners. 
Mr, Coburn suggested that in future individual class spreads be 
held once in five years, at the time of the general reunions, and 
that in the intermediate years all classes unite in a common spread 
at the Technology Club. 

In the report for the General Celebration Committee, Mr. Morss 
raised the point as to whether it would be better for the Alumni 
Association to take charge of the commencement celebrations 
in the future. This led to a general discussion of the question of 
centralizing in the Alumni Association all alumni activities, in- 
cluding the publication of the Technology Review. The sen- 
timent of the meeting seemed to be that the Alumni Association 
should be strengthened in every possible way, so that in time it 
would be in a position to take charge, more generally, of alumni 
activities. It is manifestly impracticable, however, to conduct 
ilumni business by frequent mass meetings of the alumni body, 


82 The Technology Review 

and necessarily the management of its aflPairs must be delegated 
to some committee with wide powers, such as the present Alunmi 
Association Executive Committee. Contrasting the latter com- 
mittee with the Association of Class Secretaries, it was pointed 
out that the Executive Committee was small, not broadly represen- 
tative, and lacking in permanence of organization and policy. 
According tp present custom it is very rare for any member of the 
Executive Committee, with the exception of the Alumni Association 
secretary, to serve more than two years consecutively upon the 
committee; and, practically, that committee loses half its mem- 
bership every year and is completely changed every two years. 
The Association of Class Secretaries, on the other hand, is broadly 
representative, not only of graduate, but of undergraduate inter- 
ests. Included in its membership are representatives of every 
class from '68 to the Freshman Class, as well as representatives 
of all alumni organizations throughout the country and certain 
officers of the Institute. Its membership changes but slowly, 
and here permanence of organization and of policy are to be found. 
Taking these and other considerations into account, the meeting 
was strongly of the opinion that the time had not yet come to ask 
the Alumni Association to undertake the publication of the Re- 
view, and that, for the present at least, it would be better to leave 
the management of the commencement celebration to the class 
secretaries, as the body best fitted to consider the details of the 
celebration. Furthermore, it was felt that, so long as the Asso- 
ciation of Class Secretaries was responsible for the publication of 
the Review, the profits of the celebration might well be used to 
form a guarantee fund for that magazine. 

By unanimous vote the reports of the 1906 Commencement 
Celebration Committee were accepted, and the committee was given 
the thanks of the Association, and formally discharged. 

The report of the Committee on Closer Relations among Graduate 
Organizations was presented by C. F. Read, '74, chairman. A 
feature of the year's work of this committee has been the adoption 
of a uniform membership card, now in use by many of the local 
alumni societies, which serves as a card of introduction to all Tech- 

The Graduates 


nology clubs and other alumni organizations. The Coi 
on Closer Relations consists of the assistant secretary of the class 
tecretaries, as chairman, the secretary of the Alumni Association, 
the secretary of the Faculty, and representatives of two local so- 
cieties, to be determined at each annual meeting. It was voted 
ihai for the coming year the Technology Club of Philadelphia 
and the Technology Club of Vermont be represented on the Com- 
mittee on Closer Relations. 

The desirability and need of sending representatives from the 
Institute to meetings of alumni in other cities was discussed at 
length, and the sentiment of the meeting was shown to be strongly 
in favor of keeping alumni in distant places informed about In- 
stitute affairs through this and other means. It was voted to sug- 
gest to the Alumni Association the desirability of sending repre- 
sentatives to alumni meetings in other cities; and, further, it was 
voted that the Committee on Closer Relations be requested to interest 
itself actively in securing information in regard to meetings of local 
societies for announcement in Boston, and to co-operate, as far as 
possible, with officers of the Institute in securing representation 
of the Institute at meetings of local societies. 

A Circulation Committee, consisting of I. W. Litchfield, '85, 
K. K.. Barrows, 95, and R. H. Stearns, '01, was appointed to as- 
sist the Committee on Publication of the Review in increasing 
the circulation of that magazine. 

Mr. Macomber, '07, announced that the gift of the present Senior 
Class to the Institute would be the publication of a new and revised 
edition of the Tech Song Book, and that in due time the co-opera- 
tion of the alumni would be asked for the undertaking. 

The by-laws were amended by adding the Secretary of the In- 
stitute and the Dean to the membership of the Association. 

At the election of officers for the term of two years the secretary 
was re-elected; and I. W. Litchheld, '85, was chosen assistant 
secretary in place of C. F. Read, '74> who declined re-election. 
As a mark of appreciation of Mr. Read's five years' official service, 
the thanks uf the Association were unanimously voted lo the rc- 

I iiiine as 

it secretary. 


84 The Technology Review 

The meeting adjourned at 10.25 p<^- '^^^ attendance was 
thirty-three, and included the secretaries of the Washington and 
Vermont alumni organizations. 

Frederic H. Fay, '93, Secretary. 

I. W. LrrcHFlELD, '85, Assistant Secretary. 


The annual fall dinner of the Association was held at the Chi- 
cago Athletic Club on Friday evening, November 23, at 6.30 p.m., 
the attendance being the largest that we have had at any meeting, 
except the annual dinner. About sixty members were present, 
among whom were Colonel W. H. Bixby, '70, F. E. Levanseler, 
'71, F. K. Copeland, '76, and a representative of nearly every class 
down to the latest. 

No outside entertainment was provided, as our committee be- 
lieves these informal dinners should carry with them the full mean- 
ing of the word; and, if the attendance at this meeting is a cri- 
terion, the scheme has proven successful. F. K. Copeland, who 
had just returned from Boston, gave many news items, among 
others the status of affairs in general, the candidates for Presi- 
dent, and also the agitation in regard to a new location. The 
keenest interest is taken in all the movements of the Corporation, 
and the news was welcomed. Others who spoke were Colonel 
Bixby, Hager, Woodman, and Huxley, who read a very newsy and 
interesting letter from "Ike Litchfield." With the aid of a piano 
and Young's voice the "Stein Song" and others were added to the 
program, which made the evening one of our best. 

Preparations are afoot now to make the Annual Dinner, which 
comes the last of February, the largest in the history of the Asso- 
ciation. Every Institute man is invited, and a notice to the sec- 
retary is all that is necessary. 

John T. Cheney, '03, Secretary^ 

878 South Halsted Street, Chicago, III. 

The Rocky Mountain Technology Club had a dinner at the 
University Club, Denver, on Dec. 22, 1906, this being for the elec- 
tion of officers, etc. A very pleasant and informal time was enjoyed 
at this dinner. The election resulted in the following ofhcerB : 
president, F. E. Shepard, '87, Denver Engineering Works; vice- 
president, John E, Lonngren, '96, Colorado F. & I. Co., Pueblo; 
secretary-treasurer, Maurice B. Biscoe, Denver Club. By dint 
of questioning I succeeded in getting the following items, which 
perhaps will be of interest to some of the members: — 

Messrs. Wiard, '99, and Brown, '05, have opened offices, with 
Denver as headquarters, for general consulting mining engineer- 
ine business. 

Mr. Lonngren, '96, is superintendent of the wire mill of the 
C. F. & I. Company at Pueblo. 

Mr. Biscoe, "93, is located at Denver, in the line of architectural 
work, being occupied in the erection of the new St. John's Ca- 
thedral, which is to be quite a beautiful building. 

Russell Reynolds, '06, is with the A. S. & R. Company, as 
chemist at its Durango plant. 

Mr. Gilbert, '98, who was with the A. S, & R. Company at 
Eilers plant, has been transferred to the Durango plant. 

Mr. Tuckerman, '06, is in the engineering offices of the C. F. & I. 
Company at Denver. ■ 

H. O. BoswoRTH, '02, tx-SfCTeiary, 

1742 Champa Street, Denver, Col. 


The fall meeting was held on November 17 at the University 
Club, Buffalo. About fifteen were present, and every one enjoyed 
ihe opportunity of renewing old acquaintances and hearing the 
latest news from the Institute. Our next meeting will be held 
in January, and a large attendance is expected. 

Our society now numbers about forty-five members, and is repre- 
sentative of almost every class from M. B. Patch of '73 ^° "id °^ 

86 The Technology Review 

the '05 class. The name has been changed to conform with the 
other Technology Clubs, and will hereafter be known as ''The 
Technology Club of BuflFalo." 

H. A. Boyd, '79, Secretary-Treasurer^ 
125 Erie County Bank Building, Buffalo, N.Y. 


Following a period of inactivity during the vacation season, when 
many of our members were away from the city, this society has 
seen a renewal of interest in its meetings during the last two months. 

The regular annual meeting and banquet was held at the Hotel 
Cochran on December 12, and, as in former years, brought together 
a good-sized representation of resident alumni, in several features 
repeating the success of last year's gathering at the same place. 
The duties of toastmaster were again efficiently fulfilled by Mr. 
Marshall O. Leighton, '96. 

A guest of the evening who was listened to with great interest 
was Professor R. S. Woodward, president of the Carnegie Insti- 
tution, who gave a scholarly address on the general subject of 
"Technical Education," in which he showed himself to be thor- 
oughly in sympathy with the spirit of the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology. Himself a technical graduate in the earliest days 
of engineering as distinguished from classical college courses, and 
when there were absolutely no business opportunities open to an 
engineering graduate as such, he gave a vivid picture of the forces 
of prejudice which have always been opposed to the progress of 
technical education and the extent to which they have now been 
overcome. The Carnegie Institution itself stands for the pro- 
motion of the most advanced technical research; and President 
Woodward referred to the fact that at the present time the insti- 
tution is engaged in the foundation on the Pacific coast of an as- 
tronomical observatory, at the head of which is an Institute of 
Technology graduate, who has become widely known for his work 
in astro-physics. 

The society was fortunate in having also present as a guest at 

The Graduates 

the dinner Professor S. H. Woodbridge of the Institute Faculty, 
who is at the present time engaged in professional work on the 
House of Representatives Office Building in this city. From his 
intimate acquaintance with affairs in Boston, Professor Wood- 
bridge was able to spealc at length of many matters of interest 
to the society. It was especially gratifying to learn that the amount 
paid to the Treasurer of the Institute by the Technology Fund 
Committee has been enough to nearly meet the deficit for the past 

Mr. Proctor L. Dougherty, '97, a member of the society who is 
frequently called to other parts of the country on professional 
work in the service of the government, gave his impressions of 
the growing importance and leadership of the Technology man 
in all departments of business and industry. 

Dr. Henry A. Pressey, '96. a member of the society who has 
achieved prominence in engineering, financial, and educational 
circles in Washington, also made a brief address. 

At the close of the meeting, subscriptions were taken up for 
a special fund, to be used by the Bursar of the Institute in furnish- 
ing aid to first-year students. 

The officers elected for the next year are: Francis Walker, '92, 
president; Edwin F. Ailbright, '04, vice-president; Frederick 
W. Swanton, '90, secretary; Francis F. Longley, '04, treasurer; 
Frederick G. Clapp, 'oi, director. 

F, W. Swanton, '90, Secretary, 
1641 ijth Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 


The annual meeting of the Technology Club of New Bedford 
look place on November i. The following officers were elected: 
president, Mr. C. F. Lawton; executive committee, Mr. S. C, 
Hathaway. The plans for the annual dinner were discussed, 
and the committee appointed to arrange for the dinner. 

The annual dinner was held on December 4 at Tabitha Inn, 
Fairhaven. across the river. This is the new inn that Henry 
H. Rogers has just built. The guest of the club was Dean Burton, 

88 The Technology Review 

of Techy who spoke interestingly on the improvement of the social 
side of Tech life in the past few years. The even dozen who sat 
down to dinner enjoyed a very pleasant evening, and adjourned 
just in time to get the last car back to New Bedford. 

C. F. Wing, Jr., '99, Secretary^ 
34 Purchase Street, New Bedford, Mass. 


The Technology Club of Hartford had its first meeting in the 
Rathskeller of the Heublein Hotel on Saturday evening, December 
15. There was a large attendance present, and several new mem- 
bers joined the club. 

Several members gave very interesting talks, and the discussion 
was entertaining as well as benefiting to the members. Light re- 
freshments were served, and the meeting adjourned at ten o'clock. 

George W. Baker, '92, Secretary^ 

Box 983, Hartford, Conn. 

News from the Classes 



Prof, Robert H. Richards, S^'f,, Mass. Inst. of Technotogy.Boston. 

At Technology Field Day the committee inaugurated the plan 
of suggesting that the various classes come to the Field Day sports. 
In answer to this three members of the class of '68 put in an ap- 
pearance,- — JacLson, Stevens, and Richards. Forbes was kept 
away by the fall of snow at his home, which, he thought, would spoil 
the sports. Stevens would have been kept away by the same storm 
but he found by telephoning that there was no snow in Boston. 
Richards has made one professional trip to Albany to consult about 
a mill process on the Pacific coast. He has also begun work on an 
appendix to his hook on "Ore Dressing." It is now three years 
since the book appeared, and the progress in this line has been very 


Prof. Charles R. Cross, Sec 

]. Inst, of Technology, Boston. 

Samuel Cabot died in Boston. November 26, of pneumonia 
after a short illness. The sudden death of our classmate will bring 
sadness to every one who has known him either in his younger 
days or in later manhood. The frankness and good cheer which 
characterized him when a student persisted through life, and every 
one who had to do with him was the better and stronger for such 
intercourse. He was a man who held tenaciously to his convic- 
tions on all subjects, but his actions were invariably based upon 
a strong sense of duty. He leaves behind him the memory of a 
life unsullied by the slightest taint of selfishness or unkindness. 

90 The Technology Review 


E. A. W. Hammatt, Sec.y 10 Neponset Block, Hyde Park, Mass. 

Some weeks ago, on my way home from Mexico, I had the pleasure 
of spending a few hours with Ben. Oxnard in New Orleans. We 
had not met since June, 1875, and naturally each had changed some- 
what in personal appearance. Ben was much interested to hear 
something of such of the boys as I could tell about. Cabot must 
be alive, as I found a postal from him on my desk when I reached 
home. I also found a report of the Commissioners of Sewerage of 
Louisville, Ky., supposed to have been sent by Breed, as he is their 
chief engineer. I have just learned that Bill Edes is appointed chief 
engineer of the Northwestern Pacific Railroad Company, with head- 
quarters in San Francisco. Our classmate, Frederic Martin Palmer, 
born in Norton, Mass., Dec. 7, 1853, died in Lawrence, Mass., Oct. 
25, 1906. 

John R. Freeman, Sec^ 145 Morris Ave., Providence, R.L 

On December 12 the class celebrated its thirtieth anniversary by 
having a dinner at Young's Hotel, at which the following members 
were present: Thomas Aspinwall, T. W. Baldwin, F. K. Cope- 
land, Henry B. Wood, F. W. Hodgdon, Charles T. Main, Charles 
F. Prichard. — On Jan. 7, 1907, the firm of Dean & Main was 
dissolved; and Charles T. Main, '76, will open new ofRces at 45 
Milk Street, Boston, Mass., as soon as they are ready, and will 
carry on a business devoted to the design of industrial plants and 
work connected therewith. — ^The son of Charles F. Prichard, 
Charles R. Prichard, was married to the daughter of Benjamin 
C. Mudge, y^y Oct. 22, 1906. — The daughter of Arthur L. Mills 
was married Oct. 3, 1906. — John R. Freeman has recently returned 
from several weeks of investigation of Los Angeles' heroic proj- 
ect for water supply from the Owens River, which proposes 

. aqueduct two hundred miles long, conveying four hundred 
cubic feet of water per second for domestic supply and irrigation. 
The aqueduct starts at an elevation of 3.820 feet above sea-level, 
near the base of Mount Whitney, the highest of the Sierras, and 
follows along the base of the eastern foothills of the Sierra, and 
along the edge of the Mohave Desert, until it crosses under one 
of ihe Sierra Madre ranges, with a five-mile tunnel, and there 
drops some fifteen hundred feet in a steep canyon, affording an 
exceptionally attractive site for water-power development, after 
which the water will pass on through other tunnels and conduits 
lo the head of the San Fernando watershed, from which Los 
Angeles is already supplied. In addition to supplying water for 
the million inhabitants that Los Angeles expects to have at some 
future time, there will be water enough to irrigate one hundred 
thousand acres for intensive farming, lilce the cultivation of olives, 
oranges, and vineyards, and thus to develop the equivalent of 
four " Riversides " in the suburbs of Los Angeles. The water 
tnd the fall will permit the development of from fifty thousand to 
one hundred thousand horse power of electrical energy, as measured 
at the consumers' end in Los Angeles, or more power than all that 
developed at Lawrence, Lowell. Manchester, and Holyoke com- 
bined. This will doubtless be a great factor in the industrial de- 
velopment of Southern California and the building of factories 
in the vicinity of Los Angeles. Mr. Freeman was serving as one 
of a commission of three engineers to report on the feasibility and 
cost of the project. Mr. Freeman continues as consulting engi- 
neer to the Board of Water Supply, New York, and in charge of 
ihe Factory Mutual Insurance interests in Providence, with which 
he has long been identified. 


Richard A. Hale, Sec, 

Benj. C. Mudge is associated with the Oxford Fibre Com- 
pany, with mills at Gardner, Mass. The Boston office is 85 and 

92 The Technology Review 

86 Delta Building, lo Post-office Square. The company utilizes 
the waste products from flax-making yarns that can be used in 
many articles, as twine, harness, and shoe thread, etc. — Fred. W» 
Wood has recently been elected a member of the Executive Com- 
mittee of the Corporation. — F. C. Holman has been located in 
South America for many years, and at present is at Bolivar, Sur 
de Cauca, in Colombia, engaged in gold mining. He has made 
a special study of the geological features of that portion of coun- 
try. His home is at San Francisco, and the old homestead was 
destroyed by dynamite to prevent the spread of the flames at the 
time of the earthquake. His mother had made this her home for 
more than fifty years. Everything was practically destroyed. — 
George F. Swain is acting as consulting engineer for the Bridge Com- 
mission in Lawrence, Mass., which is to report on the feasibility of 
a new highway bridge across the Merrimack River, between the twcv 
bridges at present existing. 

LiNWOOD O. TowNE, Sec.y Haverhill, Mass. 

With a thoughtfulness that the class has been made to realize 
for many years. President Baker was the host at his Ivy Street,. 
Brookline, home for the annual dinner and reunion. This was 
held January 5. Present were (besides Baker) Bradford, Collier,. 
Draper, Higgins, Miller, Nichols, Rich, Robertson, Rollins, Sar- 
gent, Sawin, Schwamb, Williams, Woolworth, Towne. Mrs. 
Baker assisted in receiving the men, but to their regret withdrew 
from discussing the after-menu. The meetings of the class have 
been informal for years, and in its most delightful way was the 
same this. The Lieutenant Governor had to answer — or attempt 
to — a lot of questions which, as a member of Tech Corporation, 
he never had on M. L T. exam, papers. Around the logs of the 
great fireplace in Baker's music-room, after dinner, the fellows 
talked of about everything, from early dzys and aiFairs political 
to "Trinity." It was pretty hard to leave. 

News from the Classes 


Harvey S. Chase, Sec, 27 State Street, Boston. 

Rufus F. Herrick has rece 
Company," to manufacture a 
out New England. Mr. Hi 
for such products under reqi 

itly organized the "Somerset Springs 
id sell carbonated beverages through- 
rrick has special chemical formulx 
»f the new pure food laws. 


Prof. William L. Puffer, Sec, 307 Equitable Building, Boston. 
Edward V. Sedgwick was in Boston, and called on Tyler, who 
s he did way back in the 80 's, and presum- 

says he looked 

ably is prospering, 

square up all dues. The secretary hopi 

will call on Tyler.— A good bit of class 

following clipping from the Boston Tram 

■k for the class secretary t 
a good many fellows 
sws is conveyed in the 
■ipt of December 15: — 

Abbott L. Rotch. direaor of the Blue Hill Observatory and one of the 
leading meteorological experts of this country, has been appointed pro- 
Tessor of meteorology at Harvard by the Harvard Corporation. 

Professor Roich has for nearly a quarter of a century been conducting 
exhaustive scJentiRc investigations into the celestial world, working both 
here and abroad. Universities of Germany, France, and England have 
honored him with high degrees. He has made several important discov- 
eries, and contributed many useful books on meteorological subjects. 

Graduating from Technology in 188+, Professor Rotch early won a 
reputation as a student of the stars. After two thrilling expeditions to 
South America and Africa, where he hazarded the dangers of mountains, he 
ntibliibed in 1885 the Blue Hill Observatory, and has since maintained it. 

About thai time he published a boot, graphically written, entitled 
"Sounding the Ocean of Air," that has since been used as a text-book 
in many leading colleges and schools. Because of it he became editor 
of the Amrrican Mrlrerologital Journal, which position he held widi dis- 
tinction for a decade. 


94 The Technology Review 

— ^William L. PuiFer recently opened an office for the transaction of 
an engineering business at 30/ Equitable Building. He will give 
special attention to expert testimony in law cases, examinations, 
choice and layout of new systems, reports and tests of plants, etc. 

I. W. LrrcHFiELD, Sec.y 161 Devonshire Street, Boston. 

The Boston Transcript of October 24 reports that the Confec- 
tioners' Machinery and Manufacturing Company of Springfield, 
of which Frank Page is president, has purchased 190,000 square 
feet of land as a site for a new factory. The company will not 
build immediately, but in time will doubtless cover practically 
the whole tract with a large modern factory, thus establishing 
one of the greatest plants in the country for the manufacture of 
confectioners' machines and apparatus. The Confectioners' Ma- 
chinery and Manufacturing Company is allied with one of the great- 
est machine manufacturing companies in Paris, France, and the 
two concerns send their machines all over the world. The com- 
pany is successful to a very marked degree. — ^The board of man- 
agers of the National Society for the Promotion of Industrial Edu- 
cation held a meeting in the office of the Carnegie Foundation, 
New York City, December 8, and elected Professor Charles R. 
Richards, of Columbia University, secretary. Dr. Pritchett is 
president of the society. Professor Richards has been very promi- 
nently identified with this movement from its inception, and the 
great success of the movement has been largely due to his energy 
and ability. Professor Richards was in Boston attending the 
Social Educational Congress, and presided at the sessions of the 
section on industrial education. — ^The Boston Herald^ December 
23, had an article descriptive of "The Haunt," the historic dwell- 
ing owned by General W. E. Spaulding, of Nashua, N.H. The 
house was built in 1740, and contains General Spaulding's col- 
lection of antiquities. On the way to camp at Squam Lake by 

News from the Classes 

automobile, two years ago, some of the men made a call on Billy 
Spaulding, and were initiated into the mysteries of the old house. 
It was filled from cellar to garret with old furniture, china, and 
domestic articles of every description. The collection is extremely 
valuable, and has been drawn on from time to time by the vari- 
ous antiquarian societies in this country. It has been, however, 
a very great care; and his decision to dispose of a part of the col- 
lection was a gratification to collectors. The house will probably 
be secured by one of the historical societies in Nashua. — W. J. 
Mullins, of Franklin, Pa., was in Boston in November, and made 
a few calls on '85 men. He was in excellent health and very en- 
thusiastic over his new White Steamer, in which he has spent most 
of the summer. — Professor Tyler, having resigned the secretary- 
ship of the Faculty, Professor Merrill has been elected secretary. 
It will be remembered that Merrill was acting secretary for some 
time when Dr. Tyler was in Europe, and on account of his duties 
was unable to attend the reunion. We congratulate Merrill on 
his election as secretary, and hope that he has made a stipulation 
ihat no Institute work is to interfere with any class functions. — 
C. M. Wilder visited some of his classmates in Boston last summer 
on his way to Cape Cod, where he spent his vacation. — Newell 
was in Boston recently, attending a meeting of the Corporation of 
(he Institute. 

Edward G. Thomas, Sec, 88 Broad Street, Boston. 

John W. Adams, who is now assistant to Mr, Samuel Stick- 
ney, general manager of the Chicago Great Western Railway, St. 
Pjul, Minn., was in Boston in November for a short visit. — Solo- 
mon Siurges is recovering slowly from the effects of the automo- 
bile accident, which was noted in the last issue of the Review. 
He has not yet been able to return to his office, and will probably 
recuperate for some time in the South before being able to take 
up business affairs. — Timothy W. Sprague will move on February 

96 The Technology Review 

I from his present quarters, 4 State Street, to 88 Broad Street, 
Boston. Sprague, in association with Charles K. Stearns, is en- 
gaged in the installation of several large electric plants for the dis- 
tribution of power for coal mining purposes, in the New River 
district of West Virginia. — Charles K. Stearns will also shortly 
move to 88 Broad Street, Boston. — Our twentieth anniversary 
will be celebrated at Chebacco Island, Essex River, Mass., June 
15, 16, and 17, 190/. The committee is hard at work on plans 
to make this the biggest, busiest, and best outing we have had. — 
C. A. Barton, Eastern agent for the Nernst Lamp, has had the terri- 
tory extended over which he has charge, and now controls the East- 
ern States as far South as Virginia. He has recently moved the 
Nernst office to 124 W. 42d Street, New York. 

William G. Snow, Sec, 1108 Penn Mutual Building, Boston. 

The secretary regrets to report the death of Frederick L. Sayer, 
which occurred in the Brooklyn Hospital, November 23, from 
grippe and complications. — Charles L. Weil has resigned his pro- 
fessorship at the University of Michigan, in order to devote his 
entire time to his consulting engineering practice. His offices are 
located in the Union Trust Building, Detroit. — B. G. Buttolph 
and William G. Snow were present at the annual meeting of the 
American Society of Mechanical Engineers in New York in Decem- 
ber. — The Inland Architect for November gives a full-page exterior 
view of the new James H. Bowen High School, Chicago, designed 
by Dwight Heald Perkins, architect for the Board of Education. — 
In the absence of Professor Wood bridge, William G. Snow has given 
a course of lectures on "Heating and Ventilation" to the third-year 
architects. — George C. Scales returned from Porto Rico several 
months ago, and became associated with the Stone & Webster En- 
gineering Corporation. He is now located in Columbus, Ga., as 
superintendent of construction of a large power plant. 

Prof. W. E. Mott, Sec, Mass. Inst, of Technology, Boston. 

At the annual meeting of the American Society of Mechanical 
Engineers, recently held in New York City, George M. Basford 
was cleaed one of the managers of the society. Basford has re- 
cently delivered an address before the students in engineering 
of Purdue University, on "The Work of the Motive Power Officer 
in the Management of American Railroad Operation." — ^The 
Boston TTonscript of October i8 contains the following note in 
regard lo C. N. Borden:— 

At a special meeting of the directors of the Richard Borden Manufact- 
uring Company, Charles N. Borden was regularly elected treasurer, clerk, 
and a director of the corporation to succeed his father, Richard B. Borden, 
who died a few days ago. Mr. Borden had heen performing the duties 
or the position during the illness of his father, and his appointment was 
generally expected as the successor of the latter. 

A second edition of "Mechanics Problems for Engineering Stu- 
dents," by Professor Frank B. Sanborn, of Tufts College, has 
recently appeared from the press of J. Wiley & Sons.^A. W. 
French, president of the French Oil-mill Machinery Company 
of Piqua, Ohio, writes: — 

Our company has all the business it could possibly attend to. We are 
itill in the same old business, and have enlarged out plant and equipment 
nearly lOO per cent, tl 
— Enginefring Magi 

Mr. G. W. Whipple ha! 
Association of New York on 
the pollution of rivers. Thi 
by the city of Brisbani 
for the city. 

says: — 

! been recently appointed by the Merchants' 
igurale a campaign against 

of Hazen & Whipple 
Australia, to report on source! 

1 retained 
er supply 

98 The Technology Review 


George L. GiLMOHEy Sec.^ Lexington, Mass. 

Darragh de Lancey is in Waterburyy Conn. — George E. Hale and 
wife were in Boston a week in November. He has now returned 
to Pasadena. — C. C. Babb is with the United States Reclamation 
Service in Browning, Mont. — Henry Plympton Spaulding, who 
with his family returned from a year's sojourn in Italy recently, 
has taken a studio at 320 Boylston Street. His year's work in luly 
amounted to over one hundred water-colors. His first exhibition 
of the season was held from December 5 to 19. Mr. Spaulding 
is building a new house and studio at East Gloucester, which he 
expects to occupy next summer. — Walter F. Cook can now be 
found at his new restaurant, 88 Boylston Street, Boston. — Charles 
H. Alden, who was in California last summer, is now in Boston. 
After completion of the Harvard Medical School Buildings, of 
which he had charge, he severed his connection with Shepley, Rutan 
&Coolidge,and is now in business for himself at 20 Beacon Street. — 
E. A. Emery is at 1417 Railway Exchange, Chicago, 111. — S. W. 
Moore is now at 173 Oakleigh Road, Newton, Mass., having been 
in Colorado Springs most of the time the past sixteen years. — 
A. W. Woodman is now in Chicago, at 906 Tribune Building. 

Howard C. Forbes, Sec.y 88 Broad Street, Boston. 

Garrison has just resigned his agency of the De Laval Steam 
Turbine to go with the Choralcelo Manufacturing Company as con- 
sulting engineer. The Choralcelo Manufacturing Company is pro- 
ducing a new musical instrument, possessing many marvellously in- 
teresting qualities. Its importance in the musical world cannot be 
exaggerated. It is being shown only privately, and Garrison will be 

News from the Classes 


teased to have any one interested either call upon him or telephone 
him at his new office, 33 Broad Street, Boston, — Telephone loio 
Main, — and he will arrange for a private hearing. 

Prof. William A. Johnston, See., Mat 

. of Technology, 

As a result of the recent vote for term members, the name of 
Leonard Metcalf will be presented to the Corporation. — One of the 
recent publications was written by Louis Derr. Subject, "Pho- 
tography for Students of Physics and Ctwmistry." The book is 
published by the Macmillan Company of New York. — Prescott A, 
Hopkins, architect, has recently removed his office to 801 Provident 
Building, 50 South Fourth Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Frederic H. Fay, Sec, 60 City Hall, Boston, 

Orton W. Albec has recently been engaged in a mining venture 
which, through his efforts, has turned out very handsomely, al- 
though last year he came near paying dearly for his experience. 
Early in 1905, while associated with Charles C. Bothfeld, 'S+, 
in Detroit, he met a Canadian railway engineer who had been build- 
ing a government railroad through the backwoods of Ontario, and 
who brought rumors of the finding of silver along the line. After 
some investigation which seemed to confirm the report, Messrs. 
Bothfeld and Albee and two or three others organized a prospect- 
ing party, which went into the woods over this railway line, rid- 
ing in a freight train, as passenger service was not yet in opera- 
tion, and alighted at what has since come to be the widely known 
town of Cobalt. After three hours of prospecting the party dis- 
covered traces of silver; and the next day, by the use of dyaa- 




lOO The Technology Review 

mite, a vein was exposed. Albee was put in charge of the devel- 
opment of the property, which was named the Violet Mine; and, 
although his resources were the most primitive, and the only labor 
to be had was that of lumbermen who knew absolutely nothing 
of mining, the undertaking was successful from the start, and the 
first shipment of ore proved the worth of the mine. Albee con- 
tinued to work the property from the spring of 1905 to the fall 
of 1906, spending practically his entire time, winter and summer, 
at the mine. By the summer of 1906 the town of Cobalt had de- 
veloped to such an extent that Mrs. Albee and their daughter were 
able to join him, which was a most fortunate circumstance, for 
in the early fall Albee suffered from a very severe attack of pto- 
maine poisoning, due to eating canned goods; and it was only 
by Mrs. Albee's skilful nursing, followed by medical aid from De- 
troit, that he pulled through. When Albee was able to travel, 
he and his family went to Mrs. Albee's home in Newark, N.J., 
where he completely recovered from his illness. Late in the faU 
the mine was sold at a handsome profit to its owners. Albee now 
resides at 98 Bloomfield Avenue, Newark; and he is engaged in 
private practice as a consulting mining engineer at 20 Fulton Street, 
New York City. — Herbert W. Alden, for many years engineer with 
the Pope Manufacturing Company of Hartford, Conn., is me- 
chanical engineer with the Trinken Roller Bearing Axle Com- 
pany of Canton, Ohio, his address being 1361 Woodland Avenue, 
Canton. — ^The address of Charles V. Allen, engineering salesman 
with Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company, is 
Cadena 19, Mexico, D.F., Mexico. — Frank S. Badger is principal 
assistant engineer of the Monterey Works and Sewer Company, 
Limited, his address being Apartado 291, Monterey, Mex. — Fred- 
eric W. Baker's address is Box 256, Bridgeport, Conn. He is 
•till naval architect for the Lake Torpedo Boat Company. — ^Will- 
iam Thomas Barnes and Miss Maude Frances Getchell, of Water- 
ville, Me., were married in that city on Oct. 17, 1906. Mr. and 
Mrs. Barnes reside at 566 Blue Hill Avenue, Dorchester, Mass. 
Barnes is assisunt engineer to Leonard Metcalf, consulting engi- 
neer at 14 Beacon Street, Boston. — Maurice Bigelow Biscoe and 

News from the Classes loi 

Miw Agne* Elizabeth Slocutn, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Win- 
field Scott S locum, were married at Newtonville, Mass., Nov. 
i+, IQ06. Mr. and Mrs. Biscoe will reside at 790 Dowirg Street, 
Denver, Col., in which city Biscoe is practising his profession of 
architecture. — Samuel N. Braman, with the Westinghouse Machine 
Company, has been transferred to Philadelphia, and is now lo- 
cated at 1006 North American Building, Philadelphia, Pa.— 
Charles Nourse Cook is located at Slatersville, R.I., where he is 
luperimendent of the Slatersville Finishing Company. He con- 
tinues also to be president of the Silver Spring Bleaching and 
Dyeing Company of Providence. — The address of Charles D. 
Detnond, testing engineer with the Anaconda Copper Mining 
Company, is 704 Main Street, Anaconda, Mont. — Mrs. Fred- 
erick N. Dillon, of Fitchburg, Mass., was instantly killed tn an 
automobile accident near Wayland on the afternoon of Oct. 18, 
!9o6, Mrs. Dillon was Margaret Downes Morse, daughter of 
George F. Morse, of Leominster. She was married to Frederick 
Nathan Dillon, Nov. g, 1898. — Samuel D. Dodge, assistant engi- 
neer with the New York Board of Water Supply, is located at 
Comwall-on-Hudson. N.Y.— William G. Houck, formerly sec- 
retary-treasurer, is now president of the Butfalo Structural Steel 
Company. Houck's address is reported as 551 La Fayette Avenue, 
Buffalo, N.Y. — Arthur H. Jameson is superintendent of the steel 
cinings department of the Malleable Iron Fittings Company at 
their large new Branford plant. Jameson's address is Box 6iz, 
Branford, Conn. — John W. Logan is with the steel works depart- 
ment of the Alan Wood Iron and Steel Company atConshohocken, 
Pa. — At the annual meeting of the Corinthian Yacht Club-^of 
Marblehead, held at the Boston Athletic Association on January 
9, Henry A. Morss, commodore in 1906, was re-elected commo- 
dore of the club for 1907. Reports of committees showed that 
the club had been very prosperous during the first year of Morss's 
administration; and it begins the present year with a most flat- 
icring outlook for a record season both in membership and in 
locial and yachting features. In his annual statement Commo- 
dore Morss made the important suggestion that the club begin 

I02 The Technology Review 

collecting data about past and present boats. He said: ''I think 
the club should keep for future reference records of boats and yachts 
which have been built, leading up to the development of the pres- 
ent fleet. I feel reasonably certain that there are in the posses- 
sion of a good many members models or half-models for which 
they have no particular use at the present time. These models, 
if in the possession of the club, would show more clearly than any- 
thing else could the various types of yachts which have been en- 
rolled in the club since its organization. Plans giving lines, sail 
plans, and cabin arrangements would also show a great deal. My 
suggestion is that members who have such models or plans pre- 
sent them to the club, for such a collection would be of great in- 
terest and value." — Fenwick F. Skinner, civil engineer with West- 
inghouse. Church, Kerr & Co., is the resident engineer in charge 
of the construction of the new Pennsylvania Railroad Terminal 
in New York City. Skinner's field engineering staff* numbers 
over sixty men. A part of the work consists in placing some fifty 
thousand tons of structural steel below the surface for the sup- 
port of the proposed station building and adjacent streets. Skin- 
ner's address is 227 West Thirty-third Street, New York City. 
— ^The address of Walter I. Swanton is Sixth Floor, Munsey Build- 
ing, Washington, D.C. Swanton is now construction engineer 
with the United States Reclamation Service. — ^Alfred C. Thomas, 
engineer with the New York & New Jersey Telephone Com- 
pany, is located at 15 Dey Street, New York City. — ^The present 
address of Percy H. Thomas, chief electrician with the Cooper- 
Hewitt Electric Company, is iii Broadway, New York City. — 
Augustus B. Wadsworth, M.D., formerly at 112 West Fifty-fifth 
Street, is now in practice at 180 West Fifty-ninth Street, New York 
City. — Parker H. Wilder, formerly secretary of the Choate School 
at Wallingford, Conn., is now treasurer of that institution. — ^The 
following '93 men attended the alumni dinner January 18: S. A. 
Breed, Blood, Dawes, Densmore, Ellms, Fay, Keyes, Pickert, and 
Tucker. Ellms, who is located at Cincinnati, arranged a vacation 
trip so as to be present at the dinner. 

News from the Classes 



Prof. S. C. Prescott, Sec, Mass. Inst, of Technology, Boston. 

C. F. Hopewell is at work on a new type of small gas engine 
for motor cars and similar purposes. — W. W. Patch is still engaged 
on ihe work of the Reclamation Service, and is now located at 
Orman, S. Dak, — George Taylor has become connected with the 
General Electric Company, and now lives at 13 Bedford Road, 
Schcneaady, — J, E. Thropp, Jr., is in charge of the mines and 
smelters of the Everett Company, and is now located at Earlston, 
Pa. — A. W. Tidd was married during the summer, and now lives 
at While Plains, N.Y. Tidd has been for some time an assist- 
ant engineer on the new water supply work for the city of New 
York. — Mrs. De Lancey has removed from Great Barrington to 
Waterbury, Conn. — R. W. Giikey has left Boston to accept a posi- 
tion in New York State. His address is 20 Lafayette Avenue, 
Kingston, N.Y .—J. W. Kittredge has opened an office in Boulder, 
Col.— C. F. Baker has joined the forces of the J. G. White Com- 
pany in New York City.— W. H. King has recently taken pos- 
session of a splendidly equipped office in the new Hall of Rec- 
ords in New York City. — The secretary recently visited the Tech 
Club of New York, and happened to be present at the night for 
the reunion of '91, '92, '93, and '94. The occasion was a very 
pleasant one, as it gave opportunity to renew several old friend- 
ships. Of the class of '94, King, Locke, Mcjennett, N. E. Janvrin, 
and Prescott were present. — H. R. Bates is now located in Wil- 
mington, N.C.— The secretary was pleased to receive a letter from 
R, H. Ober, who was connected with the class in the Fresh- 
man year. Ober is now engineer of the Columbia River Bridge 
lor the C, M. & St. P. Ry. Co. of Washington, and his address 
i.1 Trinidad, Wash. 


I04 The Technology Review 


H. K. Barrows, Sec^ 6 Beacon St., Boston, Mass. 

T. M. Lothrop's address is now 648 Fourth Avenue, Joliet, 
111. He is assistant superintendent of the spike and bolt factory, 
Joliet Works, of the Illinois Steel Company. — E. D. Barry has 
been also with the Illinois Steel Company, as assistant superin- 
tendent of their Cement Plant No. 2, but is now superintendent 
of the Universal Portland Cement Company at South Chicago, 
111. — S. H. Thomdike, who has been Instructor in Civil Engineer- 
ing at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology for the last two 
years, is now in the bridge department in the office of the city en- 
gineer of Boston. — B. C. Donham is chief engineer for CoUbran 
& Bostwick, general and railway contractors of Seoul, Korea. 
News comes of a daughter bom November 13, and it is needless 
to say that ''Ben" is proud and happy. Just now he is too busy 
to write, — building a water-works s}rstem for Seoul, among other 
things, — but the secretary hopes to have a "foreign letter" from 
him by our next issue. — C, F. Tillinghast, in his racing sloop, 
"Little Rhody," had a close call in a recent trip around Cape Cod, 
according to the Boston Globe of October 14. He left Marble- 
head with a party of four on October 5, and reached Bristol, R.I., 
on the loth, having had to stop at Provincetown for over twen^- 
four hours during a hard gale. One of the party reported "that 
the 'Little Rhody' was the best sea boat he ever saw. Had it not 
been for her small cockpit, with a high sill to the cabin door to keep 
water from below, he believes the boat would have foundered in 
the terrific sea Sunday night, as the cockpit was full of water most 
of the time. All hands had life-belts strapped around them, and 
were wet through all night. It was a time of stress and anxiety, 
in weather that would have sent a less stanchly built boat to the 
bottom." The "Little Rhody" was built at Bristol, R.I., in 1904, 
from designs by George Owen. She won the race from New York 
to Marblehead that year, and has won several other long races. — 

News from the Classes 


R. J. Williams is happy in the advent of "R. J., Jr.," born last 
July. Williams has been with Draper Brothers Company, woollen 
manufacturers, at Canton, Mass., since graduation. He married 
Uisi jeanettc Wild, of Canton, Sept. 20, 1905.— H. M. Crane is 
now at 532 Fifth Avenue, New York. — E. C. Alden reports change 
of address to Hotel Lincoln, Columbus, Ohio, where he is en- 
gaged with the American Telegraph & Telephone Company. — 
A. D. Dean has been at 167 Tremont Street, Boston, since May 
i; and the following, taken from Tvjo States, indicates the larger 
field of usefulness to which he has been called : — 

Mr. A. D. Dean, rormerly assistant principal of the Springfield Tech- 
nical High School, has been elected by the State Committee, Y, M. C. A., 
o{ Massachusetts and Rhode Island, as special supervisor of the educa- 
nonal department. This comes as the direct result of an effort of a few 
business men, who propose to largely back the educational work of the 
committee for a term of three years. It is the conviction of these men 
diat fuinishing evening instruction for industrial workers is the Associa- 
don't opportunity to be of larger service to cities and towns which have 
neglected to provide for the vocational needs of men employed in our great 
man ufactu ling, as well as Association, centres. 

Mr. Dean is well known as an expert on industrial education. After 
jraduating from the Rindge Manual Training School, Cambridge, he 
altered the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, receiving his degree 
in 1895. His first work as a teacher was in manual training at Portland, 
Me. Later he organized and directed manual training in the Maiden 
Khools, and from there he was called to the Springfield Technical High 
School, with which he has been connected for eight years. Mr. Dean 
was associated with Dr. Baltict, former Superintendent of Schools in 
Springfield, and Mr. Warner, the present principal of the Technical 
Hi^ School, in organizing the Springfield Evening School of Trades, the 
*Otk of which he has largely directed. He was sent by the United Slates 
^vemment to investigate industrial conditions in Porto Rico, and for 
a number of years he has been an examiner for the International Com- 
mittee. Mr. Dean begins work under the committee May I, receiving 
leave of absence for part of July and August, to direct shop practice and 
manual training in Cornell University Summer School. The assocta- 
noni of Massachusetts and Rhode Island are very fortunate in being able 


io6 The Technology Review 

now to command the assistance of Mr. Dean in improving and enlarging 
their educational enterprises. 

A. D. Fuller, as treasurer of the Andrew D. Fuller Company, of 
3 Hamilton Place, Boston, is giving especial attention to founda- 
tion and substructure work, his firm being that of contractors and 
engineers. They also make a specialty of the entire development 
of country estates, and have done a large amount of this work for 
private parties here in New England, particularly along the North 
Shore in Massachusetts. They have an office at Greensboro, 
N.C., and work along the same general lines in that vicini^. The 
work that they have done in the line of concrete foundations, gran- 
olithic pavements, etc., is in many cases the first of its character 
in that part of the South. — G. E. Harkness was elected a member 
of the Boston Society of Civil Engineers on November 21. He 
has been in Boston and vicinity since graduation, with the ci^ 
of Medford, Boston Transit Commission, Charlestown Bridge, 
and is now assistant engineer on the new Cambridge Bridge, at 
185 Charles Street, Boston. — E. A. Tucker is at 683 Atlantic Avenue, 
Boston, and is engaged principally in the design of steel work 
for buildings, although he acts as consulting engineer on other 
general features of structural building work, foundations, etc. 
Reinforced concrete design has occupied his attention consider- 
ably during the past year or two, and he acts as New England 
representative for the Expanded Metal and Corrugated Bar Sys- 
tem of St. Louis. Some of his recent work has been on the steel 
design and supervision of the car and locomotive repair shops 
of the Bangor & Aroostook Railroad at Milo Junction, Me; re- 
inforced concrete design and supervision of construction of ware- 
house on Kneeland Street, for the Boston & Albany Railroad; 
consultation work on John Hancock Building and Weeks Build- 
ing in Boston, and various other buildings and bridges. Tucker 
has just been elected a member of the American Society of Civil 
Engineers. — F. A. Bourne is also "doing things" in Boston and 
vicinity. His office has been in the Mason Building for about 
five years. One of his latest designs, that of St. Luke's Church 
on Washington Avenue, Chelsea, is attracting wide attention. 

News from the Classes 

Bourne gave considerable study lo the manner of the use of con- 
crete for this structure, and it is reported by experts to be the best 
example anywhere about here of cast stonework. The result 
is superior in texture to the manufactured stone now being used 
in the new West Point buildings. The interior of the church shows 
the blushed stone jointing, and the cast stone window tracery re- 
ceives the leaded glass without surrounding woodwork. The 
Soors are granolithic, and there is no plastering in the building. 
The effect is very dignified, and obtained at a very small expense 
compared with other methods of construction. — M. M. Cannon has 
just been made a member of the American Society of Civil Engi- 
neers. He is civil engineer for the Fore River Shipbuilding Com- 
pany, and has had direct charge of all construction work connected 
with their great shipyard near Quincy, Mass. During the past year, 
in addition to this, he has designed and constructed the new termi- 
nal docks of the Atlanta, Birmingham & Atlantic Railway at 
Brunswick, Ga. — It is expected that the '95 class panels for Hunt- 
ington Hall frieze, which the class authorized at the annual meet- 
ing, will he commenced shortly after the midyear v 

Edjvard S. Mansfield, Sec, yo State Street, Boston. 

The decennial of the class of '96 has passed into history, and 
yet the catalogue has not made its appearance. This is not 
due to the lack of energy on the part of the committee, but to the 
lack of interest shown by many '96 men. The committee is anxious 
to produce a complete, first-class book, and it is not willing to go 
ahead with only half the information in hand. So wake up, men 
of '96! Take a linle interest in the matter, and the committee 
will show you what can be done if all co-operate. — C. K. B. Nevin 
was married on Oct. 27, 1906, to Miss Mary E. Saltonstall, of 
New York. — On November 21 H. W. Brown lost his daughter 
Constance, and on December 25 Dorothy, his youngest daughter, 

io8 The Technology Review 

died. — Frank E. Guptill, formerly of the Mutual Assurance So- 
ciety of Virginia, has been associated with J. G. White & Co. 
of New York since July, 1906. He has been spending about six 
weeks in and around Boston, visiting old acquaintances and friends, 
and early in February is to go to Olongapo in the Philippine Islands. 
At this place, which is near Manila, is to be located a United 
States Naval Station for coaling purposes, and for about 
eighteen months Guptill will be engaged in installing a centra 
station and erecting hoisting apparatus. — Leland has been ap 
pointed Assistant Professor of Naval Architecture at the Insti- 
tute, and Locke has been made Assistant Professor of Mining, 
Engineering, and Metallurgy. — ^Albert A. Chittenden, an artist 
of New York, died in that city on Jan. 9, 1907. — ^Mrs. Marion 
L. Chamberlain has left the library at Columbia University, and 
is now located at the New York Socie^ Library of New York City. 
— ^Willard H. Colman, formerly manager of the Ralston Uni- 
versity of Expression at Washington, is now taking a course in 
the new science of chiropractic at the parent school at Davenport, 
la. His home address is 1319 State Street, La Crosse, Wis. — 
News from J. W. Clary, of Washington, D.C., states that he is 
married, and has a son four months old. — F. H. Smith has left 
the Fisk Rubber Company of Chicopee Falls, and is now con- 
nected with the Boston Woven Hose and Rubber Company of Cam- 
bridgeport. He is living in Cambridge. ^ 

John A. Collins, Jr., Sec, 74 Saunders Street, Lawrence, Mass. 

Carroll A. Capen (X.) was married on October 15 to Miss Lucy 
Chadsey Oliver, of Bath, Me. — Charles B. Breed (I.) and George 
L. Hosmer (I.) Instructors in Civil Engineering at the Institute, 
have recently issued a text-book, "The Principles and Practice of 
Surveying." The subject is treated quite exhaustively, the book 
having 526 pages and 192 cuts. It is published by John Wiley 

News from the Classes 


ic Son, New York.— The following sad news of W. H. Cutler's 
death has been reported, and a letter which appeared in the Kansas 
City Star (Jan. 10, 1907), written by his two associates, one of 
whom was a classmate of his at the Institute, is pubhshed below:^ — 

FROM W, H. cutler's AaSOClATES. 

To ibt Star.— 

The death of Mr. William H. Cutler, junior partner of the firm of Howe, 
Hoit & Cutler, occurred on Monday morning last, after a brief illness of a 
little more than two weeks, and came as a shock to his friends, many of 
whom were not aware that he was ill. By this untimely shortening of his 
useful and promising career the profession of architecture has lost one who, 
had he been permitted to complete his natural allotment of years, would 
have made for himself a high and permanent place in ic. 

Mr. Cutler was thirty-two years and six months old, and was bom in Cin- 
cinnati, but passed most of his life in Chicago, where he received his early 
training in the pubhc schools and in the Chicago Manual Training School. 
Later he entered the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where after a 
full four years' course in architecture he graduated with honors, and shonly 
after entered one of the larger Chicago offices. From this office he came Co 
Kansas City in 1900, entering the office of Van Brunt & Howe. In 1903 
he was admitted to the firm, succeeding to the business of Van Brunt Be 
Howe, and, as a member of it, had practised his profession here up to the 
time of his death. 

He was a brilliant draughtsman and colorist, thoroughly trained in con- 
iiruction and detail^ and, although of a very quiet and retiring disposition, 
he made many warm friends, both in the profession and out of it. His tact- 
fulness in handling men was remarkable; and, with his kindly way, he man- 
aged to secure results and at the same time win the respect and confidence 
of those with whom he came in contact. 

Above all, his character, both public and private, was irreproachable, and 
hii ideals of the highest. In bis too brief career he made for himself many 
friends in and about Kansas City, and in the work of the office his person- 
»iity has been of the most engaging kind. His employees miss him not 
merely as an employer, but as a friend; and many a young man, both in 


The office and out of it, i 
help over hard places of ai 
ber of the Country Club ai 
of the ihiny-second degrei 

Mr. Cutler a debt of gratitude for his kindly 
cctural training. He was a well-known mem- 
he University Club and a Scottish Rite Mason 
Mo one will miss him more or appreciate more 

no The Technology Review 

fully hit sterling worth than do his business associates, and none will more 
sincerely mourn his loss. Mr. Cutler leaves a father and mother of ad- 
vanced age, who live in Chicago, and two brothers. 

Frank M. Howe, 
Henry F. Holt. 

Prof. C.-E. A. Winslow, Sec^ Hotel Oxford, Boston. 

Sturtevant is spending a sabbatical year in studying at Harvard 
University. He writes to the secretary to announce the birth of 
a daughter, Constance, on November 27. — Chace has moved to 
Tucson as office engineer of the Gila Valley, Globe & Northern 
Railway Company. His address is Box 553, Tucson, Territory 
of Arizona. — ^AUyn has left Mitchell, Bartlett & Brownell, to open 
an office of his own, for the practice of patent, trade-mark, and 
copyright law, at the Broadway Chambers, 277 Broadway, New 
York. — Goodrich was married on October 20, at Stockbridge, 
Mass., to Miss Cora Edith Smith, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John 
F. Smith. — C. W. Wilder has moved from 91 Pineapple Street 
to 394 East 2ist Street, both of Brooklyn, N.Y. — Pen Dell has 
left the Western Electric Company to take a position with the 
North Shore Electric Company, with headquarters at the Chamber 
of Commerce, Chicago. — Hiirter has taken a long jump from his 
last position in the field, which was at Orseco, Ore., to Wilming- 
ton, Del., where mail will reach him at Box 692. — ^Alexander 
sends a new address at Christ Church Rectory, Springfield, Mass. 
— Gilbert has moved from Pueblo, Col., to Durango in the same 
State. His address is 1404 Third Avenue. — ^New addresses have 
recently been received, as follows: Shaw is now at 32 Oakland 
Street, Newburyport, Mass.; Fearing, at Mt. Joy Place, New 
Rochelle, N.Y.; Ferguson, at 633 Law Building, Norfolk, Va. — 
Hubbard has just been transferred from West Hurley, N.Y., to 
Kingston, N.Y., where his address is 133 Fair Street. He is in 
the employ of the Board of Water Supply of New York, and has 
been doing notably able work, assisted by a number of younger 

News from the Classes 

Tech men. At West Hurley he was assistant division engineer of 
the Eastern Division, in charge of the office. This last summer 
his work consisted in making an accurate topographical survey of 
(he basin for the proposed additional water supply for the city, 
together with the work of relocating the Ulster Sc Delaware Railroad, 
which runs through the site of the proposed reservoir, and the esti- 
mates for the cost of building dikes, etc., in regard to their capacity. — 
Plans submitted by Pratt for a sewage disposal plant for the city 
of Washington, Pa., were adopted by the borough council without 
a dissenting vote. Bonds for $78,000 were authorized for the 
construction of the plant, and Pjatt's plans met with much favor 
from the city authorities and from the press. They were approved 
by the State Board of Health without any suggestions whatever, 
being the tirst plans so unqualifiedly accepted by the board. Pratt's 
work as engineer of the State Board of Health of Ohio, which has 
general supervision of the water supplies and sewerage system of 
the State, is bringing that State well to the front in the provision 
of pure water and the treatment of sewage and industrial wastes. 
The engineering department of the Ohio Board of Health is, in- 
deed, entirely made up of Tech men. Its force consists of Pratt, 
'98, chief engineer; Kimberly, '97, Burgess, 'gg, and Hansen, 
'03, assistant engineers; and Hinckley, '06, engineering assistant. 
In addition, the city of Columbus, the capital of Ohio, is under- 
taking at the present time extensive improvements in providing 
a pure water supply and in purifying the city sewage. This work for 
the city is being carried out almost entirely by Tech men. Gregory, 
'95. is engineer in charge, with Howe, '95, De Berard, "99, Pearse, 
'01, and Belcher, '03, assistant engineers. — Shute, '01, is with a firm 
of praaising sanitary engineers located in Columbus. Technology 
may well be proud of the part she is playing in protecting the 
public health in this State. — Lansingh, besides filing his position 
as engineer and general manager of the Holophane Glass Com- 
pany, sales department, has been reading numerous papers be- 
fore engineering societies and contributing articles to the technical 
press. Among other papers recently given before the technical 
societies may be mentioned "The Engineering of lllui 


112 The Technology Review 

from the Gas Engineer's Standpoint'' before the Western Gas 
Association at Cleveland in May, 1906; ''The Standardization 
of Incandescent Gas Mantles" before the Gas Institute at Chi- 
cago, October, 1906; ''The Engineering of Illumination from 
the Standpoint of the Acetylene Engineer" before the Interna- 
tional Acetylene Association at Atlantic City in July; and "A New 
Method of Lighting the Streets of Los Angeles" before the Il- 
luminating Engineering Society, in June, 1906, in conjunction 
with Mr. Western Underwood. Among articles in the technical 
press during the year may be mentioned "Calculation of Illumi- 
nation" (the Illuminating Engineer for October) and articles, 
in conjunction with Mr. J. R. Cravath, on the question of lighting 
different classes of buildings, which have appeared monthly in the 
Electrical World, In addition to the above there will be issued 
about the first of the year a book entitled " Practical Illumination," 
by Mr. J. R. Cravath and V. R. Lansingh, which will cover the 
subject, not only from a theoretical, but also from an extremely 
practical standpoint. This book contains several hundred illus- 
trations and practically all the reliable photometric curves which 
have been collected in this country. Lansingh is also treasurer 
of the Illuminating Engineering Society, which, although only 
formed last January, now numbers over 850 members, with branches 
in New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Pittsburg, and Chicago. — 
Packard, as a member of the firm of Burgess & Packard, has been 
very busy this year, building and repairing all kinds of yachts. 
Their 22-rater "Orestes" won a race in New York this fall from 
the best boats built in the last three years in New York, 
winning a $y>o cup, besides the championship of Massachusetts 
Bay in this class, and by which she won a leg of the Lipton Cup. 
One of their most notable previous successes was the "Mercedes," 
a 32-foot racing motor-boat, built three years ago, which made 
25 1-2 miles an hour, with a 60 H. P. gasolene engine. She has 
won championships of the Eastern Yacht Club for the last three 
seasons, and last winter beat boats from all over the country in 
Florida. She is easily the fastest boat of her size in this country. 
Lately Burgess & Packard have developed their yacht yard, and 

News from the Classes 


buih the loj-foot passenger steamer "Pineland," running on a 
regular route near New Orleans. She is one of the first, if not 
the first, large passenger steamer to be propelled by gasolene. 
She has a 300 H. P. motor, and develops a speed of 19 miles an 
hour, carrying 250 passengers. She is divided into a great many 
water-tight compartments, and is unique in several particulars. 
She made the run from Marblehead to New Orleans with an av- 
erage consumption of 1 1-5 gallons of gasolene per mile. The fish- 
ing schooner "Elizabeth Silsbee," built at Essex, from Burgess & 
Packard's design, is the largest, fastest, and most powerful fish- 
ing schooner on the Atlantic coast. She carries a crew of 32 men, 
and in addition to her sails is propelled by a 300 H. P. gasolene 
engine, capable of driving her 12 miles an hour without sails. She 
is considered one of the best sea boats in the fishing fleet, and has 
made some remarkable trips. The new Boston Floating Hos- 
pital ship was completed at Packard's yard last August, and is 
the first completely equipped 6oating hospital for young children 
in existence. The ship consists of a steel hull, 175 feet long by 
45 feet wide, on which is a wooden superstructure of four decks, 
containing wards that will accommodate 125 beds for the patients. 
The wards are cooled by an elaborate system of refrigeration. 
The upper deck is devoted to day patients. Very many interest- 
ing problems had to be solved to adapt a hospital to its marine 

Hervey J. Skinner, Sec, 93 Broad Street, Boston. 

Earle B. Phelps, chemist and bacteriologist of the Sanitary Re- 
search Laboratory of the Institute, is also connected with the 
i Water Resources Branch of the United Slates Geological Survey. 
Phelps is in charge of all the work now being carried on by the 
|overnment on stream pollution. At present he is making inves- 
j ligations on the pollution of Chesapeake Bay, and also of the 

114 '^^^ Technology Review 

In connection with sewage disposal in New Jersey, and with the 
utilization and disposal of waste liquors from sulphite pulp mills. 
— Burt R. Rickardsy director of the bacteriological laboratory 
of the Boston Board of Health, has recently returned from a three 
weeks' trip to Mexico, where he attended the convention of the 
American Public Health Association. Rickards was elected sec- 
retary of the laboratory section of the Association. While in Mex- 
ico, he visited the rabies plant of the Pasteur Institute, and also 
inspected the water supply system, besides making a side-trip 
to the disinfecting station at Vera Cruz. — ^The secretary was hos- 
pitably entertained at the home of W. M. Corse at Detroit for 
several da}rs during the fall. Corse is assistant superintendent 
at the works of the Detroit Lubricator Company, and is in imme- 
diate charge of the brass foundry. Corse is one of the few chem- 
ists in the brass industry, and his efficient work is shown by vari- 
ous improvements which he has made in foundry practice. — 
Haven Sawyer has left Gazelle, Cal., and is now at Custer, Ida. 
Sawyer is engaged in mining engineering. — Frank J. Huse was 
married on November 20, 1906, to Annie Louise Manter at Farm- 
ington. Me. They will make their home at Evanston, 111. 

R. Wastcoat, SeCy Dedham, Mass. 

Wanted. — Items of interest about members of the class of 1900. 
Any member hearing about anything happening to any classmate, 
either in the way of marriage, good fortune, or otherwise, will please 
send an account of the whole occurrence to the secretary, and receive 
a reward some time. — ^The secretary, coming down Dartmouth 
Street from the Back Bay Station the Saturday before Christmas, 
spied a short fellow looming up ahead, who looked like Bill Stone; 
and Bill it proved to be. Bill was on for the holiday, and is now 
with the Water Supply Department in connection with New York 
City. He is located at Cole's Spring, opposite West Point, has 

News from the Classes 


taken in all (he football games played by the Cadets, and says it 
is a fine country up that way. He was formerly with the State 
Highway Commission, and changed to the Water Supply Depart- 
ment last spring. — Suter, who has recently returned from the Phil- 
ippines, is also connected with the same department, and is lo- 
cated in the office at 299 Broadway. We understand that Suter 
had a very exciting time out in the Philippines, and the secretary 
hopes to have for the next number a short account of his experi- 
ences while there. The Bolo men attacked the town once where 
Suter was located, and the sprinting abihties that he used to dis- 
play while in college served him to good purpose. ^Searle, who 
was recently with the New York Central, has also passed the ex- 
aminations, and has been appointed an assistant engineer in the 
same depanmeni. — Leeds, who came back to Tech and graduated 
this past year in Course I., is now located down in New Mexico, 
overseeing some government construction work. — Redman is now 
at work in connection with the Pennsylvania Tunnel under New 
York, and has left the government service, where he was con- 
nected with the irrigation work out West. — Steve Brown is also 
located in New York, being connected with the construction of 
the tunnel under Manhattan. — Joe Draper (IX.), Campbell, '01, 
and Chalmers did some climbing over the White Mountains this fall, 
climbing Lafayette, Lincoln, and Liberty Mountains, and scaring 
all die animals in that region with Tech yells. They slept in the 
open 3 number of nights; and Draper says that, after Chalmers 
got enough blankets to completely cover him, there was very little 
left for the rest of them.^H. E. Ashley (X.) is now located at 
Newell, W. Va. His former address was East Liverpool, Ohio. — 
Edward E. Bugbee, who has been teaching in the Iowa Stale Col- 
lege, Ames, la., is now located at the University of Washington, 
Seattle, Wash.— R. S. Blair (VI.}, practising patent law in New 
York Ciry, is living at 259 Woodland Avenue. New Rochelle, 
N.Y.— Robert H. Clary (III.), formerly located at Los Angeles, 
Cal., is now in Rosario. Sinaloa, Mex. — Warren A. Edson (II.), 
formerly located with the American Steel and Wire Company, is now 
M lit Stiles Street, Elizabeth, N.J.— W. F. Jackson has changed 

1 1 6 The Technology Review 

his address from Philadelphia, Pa., to 95 Randolph Street, Chi- 
cago, 111. — H. A. Macpherson (XIII.) has been transferred from 
the Chicago office of the Western Electric Company to their office 
at Philadelphia, Pa., corner nth and York Streets. — ^A, G. A. 
Schmidt (II.), who was with the Long Arm System Company, 
Cleveland, Ohio, has changed his address to the ''Windy City," 
1 153 Addison Street, Chicago, 111. — ^A. B. Briggs (I.), connected 
with the Boston & Albany headquarters at the South Station, was 
married quietly this fall, and is living out at WoUaston. 

R. H. Stearns, Sec^ 15 Beacon Street, Boston. 

The secretary regrets that the space devoted to class news should 
contain a lament, but wishes to inform the class on one matter. 
Since taking the office of secretary, no records, accounts, or clas9 list, 
have been received. The retiring secretary is dead to the mails, 
and an offer to call on him in Pittsfield brought no response. — E. B. 
Belcher is doubtless the busiest man in the class. He is exhibiting 
this January at the New York Auto Show a high-grade 4-cylinder 
motor, built by the Berkshire Auto Company, which he manages. — 
Allan Winter Rowe has returned from Germany, and is teaching 
chemistry at the Harvard Medical School. When we recall how 
well Rowe could talk at class meetings, when he had nothing to say, 
we must be confident of his success as an instructor after his fine 
preparation. — Mr. G. V. Sammet (V.) was married on Oct. 23, 1906, 
to Miss Harriet Fairbrother, of Pawtucket, R.I., and is living in 
Dorchester. — Mr. Bart. £. Schlesinger (V.) is making a trip around 
the world for the Merrimac Chemical Company, going via Hawaii, 
Australia, etc. — ^W. W. Walcott (IX.) is now a practising physi- 
cian in Natick, Mass., after a three years' apprenticeship in the 
hospitals. — F. G. Clapp (XII.) is now in Minnesota, looking into 
the water resources of that State. — Ex-President Lawrence reports 
himself a father to a boy, and we wish every good fortune to die 


News from the Classes 


1 who led c 

ably for so many years.— The secre- 

tary expects to put out a general circular soon, and hopes the men 
will get in closer touch with him, to the general advantage of all. — 
William Warren Garrett died at San Antonio, Tex.. January 14. He 
was born in Kentville, N.S., twenty-nine years ago. He came with 
his parents to Cambridge at the age of seven, and was educated 
there, graduating from the Cambridge Latin School in 189^ and 
from the Institute of Technology in 1901. On finishing at Tech- 
nology, went to Montana, where he worked for two years in the 
smelter of the Boston & Montana Copper Company. In 1904 he 
became instructor of mining engineering at Rolla College, Rolla, 
Mo., remaining two years. Last summer, while travelling in Mexico, 
he was offered a position as assistant superintendent of the American 
Smelting & Receiving Company in Aguascalientes, Mex., and took 

up his duties there last Septembt 
to Ida Stevens, of Cambridge. 

He was r 

ied Jan. 26. 1905, 

F, H. Hunter, Sec, 36 East 28th Street, New York City. 

Two informal gatherings of the class have been held so far this 
winter, one in Boston on December 13. and one in New York 
on January 10. The meeting in Boston was held at the Tech 
Union, and was in charge of Assistant Secretary Nickerson, twenty- 
four men attending. After the dinner the evening was passed 
with stories and songs, and a general good time enjoyed. Those 
attending were E. S. Baker, Bates, Borden, C. H. Boardman, 
Jr., Collier, A. W. Crowell, Currey, H. H. Davis, Everett, S. A. 
Gardner, Jr., George, Hammond, Hooker, Lewis, Marvin, Nick- 
enon. Patch, Ritchie, J. W. Smith, Stilhngs, Stover, Vaughan, 
Wemyss, Whittet. It is proposed to hold a theatre party later in 
At season. The gathering in New York was the first ever held 
outside of Boston, but from the interest of those present it will 
Mt be the last. The dinner was held at Mouquin's 00 Thurv- 

1 1 8 The Technology Review 

day, January lo. Mr. John M. Bruce, vice-president of Tucker 
& Vinton, was the guest of the evening, and gave a very inter- 
esting talk on ''The Business Side of Engineering." Although 
the short notice given prevented some men from attending, the 
evening was a highly successful one, and the cheers given, before 
the party broke up, for M. I. T. and for '02, closed the best din- 
ner any class has ever held in New York City. Among those 
present were C. B. Allen, Annett, Brainerd, Franklin, A. E. Hem- 
sen, Hunter, B. G. Philbrick, J. Philbrick, and Place. — H. H. 
Saylor was married on November 27 to Miss M. Helen Miller, of 
Philadelphia. They are living at the Palmer House, East Orange, 
N.J. Saylor left the Architectural Review some months ago, and 
is located with Doubleday, Page & Co., where he is conducting 
the architectural department of Country Life, — Farmer married 
Miss Capen, daughter of the late President Capen of Tufts Col- 
lege, in November. Mr. and Mrs. Farmer are living at 34 Range- 
ley Street, Winchester, Mass. — The second generation is on the 
increase, Albert E. Lombard, Jr., first seeing light on November 
25. We trust that the family tradition will* hold, and that about 
1924 we shall read of his election as president of the Freshman 
Class at Tech. — C. B. Allen is also enrolled among our "proud 
and happy fathers," Miss Margaret Marie Allen having arrived 
safely on December 18. Allen is located with the Marine District, 
N.Y., N.H. & H. R.R., with headquarters at New Rochelle, 
N.Y. Address, 30 Colonial Place. — E. S. Baker is with the Amer- 
ican Telephone & Telegraph Company, 125 Milk Street, Bos- 
ton. His work takes him to many points in the West on conduit 
layouts, two of his recent trips having been to Idaho and St. Louis. 
— Hunter has left the Underwriters' Engineering & Construc- 
tion Company. — Burdick's address is 3 Brownell Avenue, Hart- 
ford, Conn. — Matthies is manager at Berlin for Zwietusch & 
Co., the German representatives of the Western Electric Com- 
pany. His address is Salzufer 7, Charlottenburg, Germany. — 
Seabury is with the Board of Water Supply, Brown's Station, 
N.Y. — A. E. Hansen is with Williams, Proctor & Potts, sanitary 
engineers, Room 1702, 17 Battery Place, New York City. — 

News from the Classes 

Biodgeil is with the McGraw Publishing Company of New' York. 
His home address is 891 St. John's Place, Brooklyn.— H. E. Bart- 
lett's address is 797 Prospect Place, Brooklyn.— B. G. and J. Phil- 
brick are living at 119 Montague Street, Brooklyn.^F. B. Gal- 
aher is in Dallas, Tex., for a short stay.— Ames has moved to Day- 
ton, Ohio, 490 Forest Avenue.— Chi Ids is now located in Lee, 
Mass. — McCarthy is at Good Springs, Lincoln County, Nev. 
-Clifford B. Clapp is assistant librarian at Harvard College. 
He was married last fall, and is living at 95 1 Massachusetts Avenue, 
Cambridge. — Reynolds has moved to Waterbury, Conn., where 
he is located with the Bristol Company. — Currey has left the 
Draper Company, and is now located in Readville, Mass. — Pern- 
her has left Buffalo to take the position of chief architect with the 
South & Western Railroad, with headquarters at Johnson City, 
Tenn. — ^Miss Culver has become Mrs. Krueger, and is living at 
18 Rugby Road, Schenectady, N.Y.— Curtiss is with the Juniata 
Hydro Electric Company, Perry Building, Philadelphia, Pa. — 
Archie Gardner is at Charleston, S.C. Address, care Carolina 
Yacht Club. — Geromanus is teaching the sciences in Maiden 
(Mass.) High School. — MacNaughton's address is 309 Lumber 
Exchange Building, Portland, Ore. — Marsh is instructor at the 
Iowa State College, Ames, la.— The items in the October Review 
concerning Professor W. H. Whitcomb and Herbert E. Raymond 
should have been under the class of 1903 instead of under 1902. 

I ■903- 

Walter H. Adams, See., Polytechnic Institute, Brooklyn, N.Y. 

I Since the first of the year two deaths have been recorded. On 

I June 17 Manson died at Martinez, Artz., after an operation for 

appendicitis. Although he graduated with 1904, he considered 
himself a member of 1903. As an undergraduate, he was promi- 
nent in athletics. After graduation he taught for a year at the 
Colorado School of Mines, and then went into practical work. 

L J 

I20 The Technology Review 

In the fall of 1905 he became mine foreman for the Rincon Mines 
Company at Martinez, and in the spring he was made superinten- 
dent. The following resolutions were sent to his parents: — 

Whereas the hand of Divine Providence has taken from us one of our 
number, Gyula Bennett Manson, in whom we have lost a beloved friend 
and a faithful classmate, be it 

Resolved, That we, the class of 1903, Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology, express deep sorrow at the loss we have sustained, — the loss of one 
who by his sincerity and kind-heartedness, as well as by his noble char- 
acter and manly qualides, has endeared himself to all who knew him. 
That we desire to extend to his family our heartfelt sympathy in their be- 
reavement. And also be it 

Resohftdy That a copy of these resolutions be sent to the family of the 
departed, that they be placed upon the records of the class of 1903, and 
that they be published in the Technology Review. 

(Signed) R. H. Howes, President, 
W. H. Adams, Secretary^ 
H. A. Stiles, 
K. W. Endres, 

For the Class. 

— On August II W. W. Bumham died at Wilmington, S.C, after 
two months' illness, of typhoid fever. As an undergraduate, he 
was prominent in class affairs. After graduauon he was with the 
Massachusetts State Board of Health for a year. The next year 
he was with the United States Geological Survey on irrigation 
work. After that he was with Hugh McRae & Co., of Wilmington, 
and at his death was their chief engineer. He was married March 
6, 1906, to Miss Ella Cate, of Maiden, Mass. The following 
resolutions were sent to his wife — 

Whereas the hand of Divine Providence has taken from us one of our 
number, William Winslow Bumham, in whom we have lost a beloved 
friend and a faithful classmate, be it 

Resolved, That we, the class of 1903, Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology, express deep sorrow at the loss we have sustained, — the loss of 
one who, by his sincerity and kind-heartedness, as well as by his noble 

News from the Classes 121 

and manly qualities, has endeared himself to all who knew him. 
Thu we desire to extend to his family our heartfelt sympathy in their be- 
reavement. And also be it 
Riiolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent to the family of the 

departed, that they be placed upon the records of the class of 1903, and 
that they be published in the Technology Review. 

(Signed) R. H. Howes, Prtsidnl, 
W. H. Adams, Secretary, 
E. E. LocKRiDCS, 

For ibt Clan. 

— A reunion was held in New York on November 30. Chase, 
H. Crosby, Howes, Joyce, and the secretary were present. Owing 
to the small number who attended, no speaker was provided; and 
we merely had dinner at the Hotel Roversi, and talked over 
old limes. Three members of the class have gone into business 
for themselves. Aldrich is in the gas engine business, under the 
firm name of C. S. Aldrich & Co., with an office at ^ Commer- 
cial Wharf, Boston, Mass. They do a general business, selling 
engines, sundries, and repairs. — Bridges is a member of the firm 
of J. O. DeWolf & Co., mechanical, electrical, and mill engineers. 
Their office is 159 Devonshire Street, Boston, Mass. — Arwood is 
a member of the firm of Atwood & McManus, box manufacturers, 
in Chelsea, Mass. — Loughlin received his Ph.D. degree last June 
from Yale, and is now instructor in geology at M. I. T. — Tolman 
has been awarded a Dalton Fellowship, and is studying at the In- 
stitute for his Ph.D. degree. He has been granted $300 from the 
C. M. Warren Fund of the American Academy of Arts and Sci- 
ences, to enable him to construct what will probably be the most 
powerful centrifugal machine ever made for experimental pur- 
poses, to be used in connection with an investigation of the elec- 
tromotive force produced at the two ends of a rapidly rotating 
solution of any ionized substance. — Newman's address is 175 Mt. 
Auburn Street, Cambridge, Mass. He is engineer with Ransome 
ind is working c 

Smith Company, c 
Machinery Company's plai 

Beverly, Ma 

I the United Shoe 
s.^The following 

122 The Technology Review 

changes of address have been received: C. H. Avery, 26 Chestnut 
Street, North Adams, Mass.; Chase, 45 West 128th Street, New 
York; Goodwin, 318 Dwight Building, Kansas City, Mo.; Hunter, 
6354 Ellis Avenue, Chicago, 111.; Pearson, 80 Willow Street, Brook- 
lyn, N.Y. 

Currier Lang, Sec, Michigan Central Depot, Detroit, Mich. 

During the past summer the class was honored in having the 
degree of Ph.D. conferred upon two of its members, and it is not 
too late even now to throw our chests a little further into the breeze 
on account of it. — Kalmus and Comstock, of Course VIII., who 
have been abroad studying on fellowships, captured the honors; 
Kalmus is back at Tech in the Research Laboratory, and Com- 
stock is studying with J. J. Thompson at Cambridge University, 
England. — W. J. Gill is now in Boston with the American Tele- 
phone & Telegraph Company, in their electrical engineering de- 
partment. — ^A. W. Bartlett is in Columbus, Ohio, as engineer 
for the American Water Softener Company (Brunn Lowener Sys- 
tem). — In October the wedding of Merton L. Emerson to Miss 
Frances Dike took place at Christ's Church, Quincy, Mass. 
R. A. Wentworth and C. Lang of the class were present at the 
ceremony. The Episcopal service, with a surpliced choir, was 
used, and was very pretty. After a trip, Mr. and Mrs. Emerson 
returned to Braintree to keep house. — Preston M. Smith has lately 
moved to Detroit, to take a position with the Capitol Heater Com- 

R. H. W. Lord, Sec, 248 Tremont Street, Newton, Mass. 

In the last number of the Review we asked for opinions regard- 
ing the triennial scheme. We had one reply, and are much dis- 
couraged at the lack of interest in an event which is very impor- 

tarn to our class. The man who did write brought out a good 
point, that many of us have friends in other classes who would not 
be in Boston except in 1909, and, as a young engineer can rarely 
get off for more than two weeks in the year, he would think a 
long while before he used the week in the second year for a trip to 
Boston, were the two reunions held. — All the crowd has left the 
Lackawanna Company now, as retired steel magnates. — Coffin 
is now on insurance inspection in the Boston Bureau of Insurance 
Inspection.^ — Charlie Dean is in Pittsburg, representing the Buf- 
falo Forge Company, and Jim Lambie is doing concrete work 
around Pittsburg. — Poole is with the Bryant Electric Company 
in Bridgeport. — Thomas and Darling are also in Bridgeport. They 
seem to think that ii is quite a town. — Abbott was home for 
Christmas, and while here called on the vice-secretary. He is 
in Houghton, Mich., as engineer for one of the Stone & Web- 
ster companies, and says, as far as he can find out, Lummie has 
dropped out of existence. — Heine Lewis was in Boston at the same 
time from Toronto, where he is with the Giant Manufacturing 
Company, makers of paints, varnishes, etc. — ^Harrie Whitney 
has Just returned from Cuba, where he was investigating a stone 
quarry, to be opened up for concrete works. He is now, as for 
the last two years, engineer of sewers for the city of Beverly, and has 
managed to spend for them in the last eight months. — In 
June the plant of the Eastern Dynamite Company at Barksdale, 
Wis., blew up, killing the superintendent and two men. Dan Har- 
rington and Elmer Wiggins came through unhurt. Every door 
and window within a radius of hve miles was blown in, and it was 
a miracle that the loss of life was not greater. — The first meeting 
of the Boston 1905 Club was held on December 4. Seventeen 
men met for dinner at the Tech Club. After dinner each man 
told what he had done since leaving Tech, and ended in a spir- 
ited debate between Charlie Boggs and Pink Fisher on whether 
or not a man could make money and still be honest- The meet- 
ings will be held the second Tuesday in each month. Any one 
wishing to join will notify G. B. Perkins .^Following are some 
changes in addresses recently received by the secretary: R. W. 


124 '^^^ Technology Review 

Senger, Cananea Club, Cananea, Senora, Mex.; George B. Jones, 
1226 i6th Street, N.W., Washington, D.C., assistant examiner. 
United States Patent Office.; F. P. Poole, 1465 Fairfield Avenue, 
Bridgeport, Conn. — ^The men in the Patent Office at Washington 
have the special lines, as follows: Ammen, steam engineering; 
Barrows, fire-proofing; Crosby, automatic tools; Guibord, lubri- 
cants; Gammons, pneumatics; Jones, electric lighting; Ken- 
way, optics; Whitney, hoisting. — Blair is with Howson & How- 
son, patent attorneys. — Grove Marcy has left Buffalo, and is now 
back in Boston. — Dick Senger writes: — 

If I were to tell you the history of my life since leaving Tech, 
I would still be writing this time to-morrow. So I will simply 
tell you something about life here. Cananea is veiy little different 
from any of the Southern Arizona camps. In fact, the country looks 
the same. There are, of course, more Mexicans and Chinese and fewer 
gringoes here than across the line in Arizona. Excluding the dogs 
and burros, there are twenty thousand inhabitants. Of these there are 
at least twenty-five hundred gringoes. The Mexicans and Chinks look 
to be about equally divided. The town and suburbs wander up hill, down 
gulch, for about nine miles. The architecture varies from thatched dug- 
outs to three-story brick company houses. Life here is no wilder than in 
the tamest parts of Colorado. Once in a while the Mexicans get knifing 
each other, or gringoes shoot rather promiscuously. The riots on June 
I might have happened anywhere. They certainly were exciting. The 
camp, strange as it may seem, was caught practically unprepared. Every 
available gun was put into the hands of Americans by company officials. 
We did all we could to assist the Mexican authorides, who were too weak 
at the dme to handle the situation alone. For forty-eight hours we pro- 
tected company property, and stood guard on the concentrated camps of 
American women and children. Not until the Mexican "rurales" and 
infantry arrived on the scene — two days after the first excitement — could 
we rest with ease. My military training in Tech aided me gready in carry- 
ing a broken-down shot-gun, with one hammer gone and the other loose. 
If I had had occasion to fire, I think I would have suffered more than my 
opponent. I could have used my gun as a club, however. Several strange 
things happened during the riots. Two prominent Americans were most 
brutally murdered in defending company property. About twenty Mex- 

News from the Classes 


hunUred Mexicans atlempted 

to force their way 

n-here th 

y were not wanted. 

Since the riois, Cananea ha 

s had a 



. Evctythi 


been disgustingly orderly. 



and dances (full d 

ess. if 

you please, and this in the " 

vilds of Mexico") 


n full force 

We have a 6ne club here. 

which wo 

uld do justice to 

place more 


civilized. This does much t 

keep fellows here 

My chief excitement, aside from 



is trying 


graceful Spanish to some v 

ry good- 

ooking s 


My break 

s must 

be terrific, but they are too 

polite t 

} show i 

According to the 

m (the 

national fault is to tave about every o 

ne), my a 

cceni is 

good and grammar 

perfect, while 1 am dead su 

e that th 

e former 

s barba 

ous, and th 


not at all. The future tens 


n sliding 

in wher 

others should be. 

Last Sunday, white out riding, 1 was gracefully pitched from my horse, 
and in falling received a thump from my horse's hoof in my left thigh. 
Most Mexicans would have stopped and apologized, but the Mexican horse 
tan down the road, and waited for me to hop after him. 

TTiis is enough foolishness. Il seems like several geological epochs 
lince I have seen the fellows. 

— The following is from G. B. Jones:— 

In reply to yorz, asking for your attenshun to the fact that, being now 
an employee of Unkle Sam. 1 am expected to use simplifyd speling. The 
M, 1. T. has a larg and very actif rep resenta shun in Washington. 

TTie society holds semi-monthly informal dinners at the University 
Club, therby keeping well in tuch with each other and with the Institute. 
The report of the secretary for the year just past shoz an average atten- 
danc at thez dinners of nine. On Wednesday, December tl, waz held the 
annual dinner of the society, at which about forty men tumd op. 

Professor R, S, Woodward, president of the Carnegie Institushun, spok 
of the increasing importance of applied science in the general lield of edu- 
cashun, and was given a very cordial wclkum. He was to have been fol- 
owd by Mr. J. Knox Taylor, '/g. Supervising Arkitekt of the Treasury 
Department, who waz unfortunately called out of the city at the last minet. 

Accordingly, Professor Woodward waz folowd by Mr. Dougherty, 
'97, who rcferd to the varius posishuns of eminence and responsibility 
held by Tek men thruoui the country. 

Professor S. H. Woodbridge of the Faltulry folowd with a very inter- 

126 The Technology Review 

esdng diskushun of the present ntuashun and needs of the Institute; and 
thruout his addres of over an hour he waz folowd with the closest attenshun. 
He, in turn, was folowd by Dr. Pressey, '96, who spok brefly in favor of 
a broader training for Tek men, and at the condushun of whos words 
the meeting waz adjumd. Yorz, G. B. Jomz. 

— ^Arthur J. Manson writes: — 

At last I can give you some news. As you wrote, our apprentice course 
is nearly ended, and we will soon begin to split up. Already two have 
left, Atwood and Winship. Atwood has taken a position in Chili with 
Mr. J. K. Robinson, of New York, who is the South American represen- 
tative of the Wesdnghouse Electric Company and also agent for other 
leading manufacturing concerns. He sailed from New York for Iquique 
on October 31. J. K. Robinson has been, and is, building small power 
plants in Chili for the mining of nitre, which is the sole product of the north- 
em part of Chili. These plants are owned by Englishmen. Atwood 's 
first duty is to go from one plant to another, and give each a thorough in- 
spection and make what repairs are needed. While at a power plant, he 
will live with the owner. This inspection will last a few months, and 
then he will start on construction work. Winship took a position with 
the Westinghouse Electric Company in the railway office, beginning No- 
vember I. The latter part of the month he was sent to Long Island to 
be present during a test ^ich the Pennsylvania Railroad is making on 
one of their electric locomotives built by the Electric Company. From 
Long Island he will go to New York to help on the electrification of the 
New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad. 

— George I. Rhodes writes: — 

I dropped in to see "Bush" White the other day, and found him al- 
most buried in coal dust. He is working for a consulting engineer, C. B. 
Jacobs, and has full charge of the laboratory. He seems quite satisfied 
with the job, and he says that his work is quite varied. At present he 
is working on a scheme to extract an excess of sulphur from coal. A few 
days later I dropped in to see Frank Payne at the Otis Elevator Com- 
pany. He likes his job pretty well, but is anxious to get out of New York. 
Carl Graesser is working for a jewelry manufacturing concern in Walling- 
ford. Conn., and likes his job very much. Schmeisser has left New 

News from the Classes 

York for a plrasurc tnp lo Europe for the summer. He expects to visit 
quite a number of works of engineering interest. 

I have no more news about '05 men, but Ayer, '04, has gone to work 
for the government at the Charleston (S.C.) Navy Yard. I have no par- 
ticulart as (o the nature of the work, except that (he government con- 
templates installing a modem htgh-tension synem there, and that Ayer 
ii connected with the work in some way. 1 have heard from Damon once, 
but he was not senled then. 

1 have moved more than once dnce I came to New York, and now 
1 am living with Mr. Ricker, the electncal superintendent of our com- 
pany, and Mr. Armstrong, who has charge of the transmission depart- 
ment of the New York Central. A portion of the time there will also be a 
general electric engineer, who has charge of their experimental track at 
Schenectady. You see that I ought to have a good chance to gather a 
few points by having such close contact with engineers of considerable 
experience. TTiis arrangement is only for the summer, while Mr. Ricker's 
wif« is away; and in the fall I expect to move again, and, if everything 
goes well, I shall probably live with Whitaker and a couple more men, 
if ne can get them. 

A bunch of '06 men have come to New York, and had sense enoki^ to 
get together beforehand and decide to live together. I haven't been to 
tec them yet, but I expect to do so some time this week. — (Dec. 16, 1906.) 
Since I wrote you last, I have been doing lots of moving. 1 have changed 
my room several times for all kinds of reasons, and 1 can tell you it was 
) mean life to lead. I felt dissatislied with everything from myself up. 

About a month ago, however, I had the chance to come into the Tech Club 

to live, and 1 did so. I have been 

ni^ty glad of it ever since, for I feel 

now that I am at last living. I ha 

c for a room-mate Barlow, '05, who 

ti one of the engineers on this new 

water supply scheme for New York. 

Barlow likes his work very much, fo 

a large pan of it is study and design. 

We had a very successful smoke 

here at the club last night. There 

were about thirty men to dinner, and quite as many more to the smoker 

proper. Professor Richards, of Col 

mbia, Tech, '85, gave us a very in- 

lertsting illustrated talk on "Art a 

nd Industry in the Orient." Three 

ot foui other men spoke on various 

matters pertaining to the club. After 

the speaking, the crowd gathered abo 

ut the piano and sang Tech songs until 

a late hour. 

Among those present was Profess 

or Prescott, of Tech. There were a 

128 The Technology Review 

few '05 men present. Jimmy DeMallie was here, feeling just about as 
usual. Married life appears not to have changed him much. Jack Dunn 
was also here. As I told you, he had to leave New York for the summer 
on account of his health, but is now back at the old stand with Westing- 
house, Church, Kerr & Co., looking about the same as usual. William 
N. Turner was here. He spent the summer building a railroad some- 
where down in Virginia, and came back to New York in the fall, wearing 
a "beaut" of a mustache and a skin about the color of a negro's. Three 
months in New York, however, have caused him to lose both his color 
and his mustache. He is now working for the New York Edison Com- 
pany as a structural draughtsman. 

Besides Barlow and me, there were no other '05 men present, although 
Gerry and Parker, who are working on an experimental tunnel for the Penn- 
sylvania Railroad, said they were coming. I did manage, however, to 
get word of a couple more fellows. Klahr, who used Charlie Cross's 
private staircase, had to leave New York awhile ago on account of serious 
illness, and enter a sanatorium somewhere up State. He was doing very 
well with Wesdnghouse, Church, Kerr & Co.; and it is a shame that he 
should have to leave. Schmeisser is back in New York after a summer in 
Europe, working for George Ginns, consulting engineer, in the Maridme 
Building, 12 Bridge Street. I have not seen him yet, but I have no doubt 
that he enjoyed his trip to Europe very much. Bushnell is in New York 
now, but have not seen him yet. I don't know where to find him, or I would 
have tried to get him out last night to the smoker. I saw Charlie Mayer at 
the club a couple of weeks ago, but he didn't have much news. Of the other 
fellows in New York I have neither seen nor heard anything for so long that 
I have completely lost track of them. 

I have not changed my job yet, although I have been at rimes sorely 
tempted to do so. I probably will not change just yet awhile, for I have 
a couple of very interesdng jobs on hand, which will take me some rime 
to complete, and which I am anxious to do. Just now I am trying to make 
an electrotype survey of a portion of New York fed by our lines. 

By the way, there is one '05 man in New York whom I completely over- 
looked when I began to write. That is Chesterman. He has been down 
here for a couple of months, and will probably be here unril January. He 
is doing some special work in telephony, and is working pretty hard. He 
was sick, or he would have been present at the smoker. He has been 
living out in Montclair, N.J., with Whitaker, '04, so I haven't seen much 
of him. 

News from the Classes 


—From Perk we have:— 

n with the work for the Boston Club, I heard from N. A. 
Richards, '05. He has been in the Boston office of Purdy & Henderson, 
architects, but has recenily been transferred to the New York office of the 
same firm; and his address is now 78 Fifth Avenue, New York City. 

Daniel P. Pousland, ex-'o5, is on installation and inspection work for 
the Lowell Electric Light Corporation, a Stone & Webster plant. 

Alden Merrill is a chemist for the Coe Brass Company in Torrington, 
Conn. Alden's address is 74 LitchBeld Street, Torrington, Conn. 

—Henry Hoffman Kennedy, '05 (IV.), writes me as follows^ — 

I am now located in Philadelphia, in the office of John P. B. Sinkler, 
»nd am getting on very well, on the whole, I think. My visions of fame 
and fortune have lost some of their gay tints they had while at Tech, but 
I have no cause to grumble at real life, I find Philadelphia also very pleas- 
ant; that is, the life, not the climate. 

i 322 South nth Street, Philadelphia.— Bill 

Kennedy's addre 
Tufts writes: — 

John Ayer (I.) is still in Germany. Address, 30 Ausbcrgerstrasse, 
Berlin W. He says that, if the language was as easy to master as the beer, 
wt would all be Dutch. J. £. Barlow (L) has left the Charles River Basin 
Commission. He took a recent exam, for position of assistant engineer 
with the Board of Water Supply, New York. Came fourth out of 150 
men. He is now in the New York office. R. Kibbey (HL) has left hit 
first love, mining, and taken up architecture. Is now of the class of 1^9. 
Address, 285 Newbury Street, Boston. L. J. K:illion (L) left L. F. Shoe- 
maker At Co. this fall, and is now with H. P. Converse & Co.. 110 Milk 
Street, Boston. H. M. Lynde (L) is with Factory Mutual Fire Insurance 
Companies, inspection department, Boston. He graduated last year from 
Brooklyn Polytechnic. J. H. McManus (XI.) is with the Board of Water 
Supply, New York, and is stationed at West Hurley, N.Y. He had tem- 
porary position with the board last summer. O. Q. Merrill (I.) blew in here 
this fait on the way to his home in Maine. Left his position with 
ihe University of California, and is now with the Southern Pacific as hydro- 
deciricai engineer. His principal work now is investigating power-plant 
■itn. S. P. intends to electrify the feeders to the main line, and perhaps 


130 The Technology Review 

tome of the mountain diyisions. Merrill was in the "quake." The fol- 
lowing will explain itself: Akoona, Pa.» Nov. 29, 1906 Miss Jessie Ethel 
Riidisill was married to Mr. H. C. Mitchell (I.), a promising young grad- 
uate of Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Mitch, had good cause 
to give thanks that day. He dropped in to-day, and is looking fine. Mitch- 
ell has been running a preliminary reconnaissance for a railroad in On- 
tario. It is to run toward Hudson Bay. Says that there has been but 
one white man over the ground before them, and he was lost. Mitchell 
is going to spend his honeymoon in West Buxton, Me., working for J. W. 
White & Co. on an hydro-electric power plant. D. H. Nicholson (I.) 
married November 7 to Carrie May Cox at Roxbury, Mass. He is still 
with Charles River Basin Conunission. W. S. Richmond (I.) was at the 
'"Stute" last spring for about two months as assistant in civil engineering 
department. He left in the summer to go with the United States Engineer 
on lake survey. L. £. Robbe (I.) is now with the Pennsylvania Tunnels 
in New York. Address, 343 East 33d Street, New York. Says he met 
L. H. Parker (I.) and Gerry (II.) in the tunnel. H. R. Robbins (I.) is 
returning from Manchuria by way of Suez Canal. His father was in here 
the other day, and said that Robbins had been all over Manchuria, was 
shot at by the Russians, and had many adventures. F. E. Kingsman (I.) 
is with the Reclamadon Service on the Uncompaghre project. River Por- 
ul. Col. W. E. Simpson (I.) is civil engineer for an architect in San 
Antom'a, Tex. W. Tufts is running an informadon bureau at Room 42, 
Engineering A. Small notes gratefully received, larger in proporrion. 
R. E. Wise (I.) was working on the State line for the Harbor and Land 
Commission, when he fell into a ravine. Was laid up month with a bad 
foot. Is now with the Charies River Basin Commission. Mitchell told 
me he got a strike from you for a dollar. But was three weeks from 
civilizadon, so he did not send it. I saw R. N. Turner the other day. 
He is at Boston University Law School. Likes it all right. 

— From the '05 Quakers we have: — 

Tuesday before Thanksgiving Billy Keen entertained the '05 Queers 
and also all the '06 men whose addresses in Philadelphia were given in 
the Review. Seven '05 men and six '06 men were present, and we had 
a rousing good rime, ending the evening by a corking spread. Billy has 
thoroughly established his reputadon as an entertainer, and we were all 
sorry when the dme to break up came. During the evening a conunit- 

News from the Classes 


lee wac appointed 10 make arrangements for a joint "oj and '06 din 
ing Januaiy, and I may add that the arrangements are progressing 

salisractonl)'. Congiatulat 
the engagement was annoi 
Satgeant, both of Maiden, 
cured leave of absence fton 
time he is going to see ho< 
However, I fear the leave 

iced of William H. 
Mass, Hooray for 
his company f 

nth of December 
■Ceen to Miss Annie M. 
Billyl Sid Cole has se- 
rai weeks, during which 

s the gas business in Waukegan, 111. 
absence will be a permanent one, for 1 doubt 
if he evcT returns, worse luck. Joe Brown, who is with the New York 
office of the Sullivan Machine Company, has been in the city several times, 
and has passed a couple of evenings with us. In fact, he was one of the 
"05 men pieseni at Billy's the other evening. Kiltion. who was sent to 
Washington, D.C., by his firm, returned to this city for a short time, and 
then left to accept a position in Boston. Wc shall miss our musician. 
Cole, Eickler, and Bill Getty will all be in or around Boston for the Chtist- 
mas holidays. 

Thomas L. Hinckley, Sec-, 7+5 Osceola Ave., Si. Paul, Minn. 
A. T. Hevwood, Residtnt Sec, Mass. Inst, of Technology, Boston. 

Since the last issue of the Review, the address and occupation 
of a large additional tjuota of tnetnbers has been determined: — 

John W. Anderson (II.), P.O. Box 806, Sparrows Point, Md.. in the ma- 
rine department of the Maryland Steel Company. 

Lyman Anson (XIII.), jj St. James Avenue, Boston, Mass., with Sub- 
marine Signal Company. 

Herbert S. Bailey (V.), Box 101, Agricultural College, Mich., instructor 
in chemistry at Michigan Agricultural College. 

Edwin B. Bartlett (VI.), 4916 Linden Avenue, Norwood, Ohio, appren- 
tice course of Bullock Electric Manufacturing Company, Cincinnati, 

Andrew L. Bell (XIII. ), care Superintendent, Motive Power and Machin- 
ery, Culebra, Canal Zone, Panama. 

Stuan W. Benson (X.), 46 Chestnut Avenue, Trenton N.J., draughts- 
man, Trenton Iron Company, The Industrial Laboratoriet. 

Fred H. Bentley (II,), 32 South Second Street, Elizabeth, N.J., inspector 
of contract work for rehnery of the United States Metals Refining 
Company, Chrome, N.J. 

132 The Technology Review 

Howard C. Blake (I.) is reported to have gone to San Franciaco, to return 
later. Mail address, 184 West Canton Street, Boston, Mass. 

Mildred £. Blodgett (XII.), 9 Batavia Street, Boston, Mass., student, 
M. I. T. XII. 

Robert H. Booth (II.), Linwood Station, Pa., equipment man, American 
Telephone & Telegraph Company, Philadelphia, Pa. 

A. L. Boynton (II.), of 88 Chatham Street, Worcester, Mass., is with the 
American Steel & Wire Company. 

Howard Hayes Brown (XIII.) in the autumn was at 3436 Forbes Street, 
Pittsburg, Pa., learning the practical side of boiler-making from work 
in shops of R. Munroe & Sons, West Point Boiler Works, Pittsburg. 
He was previously with the Lake Erie Boiler Works, Buffalo, N.Y., 
and in October became editor of The Boiler Maker (formerly Motive 
Power\ which is published monthly at 17 Battery Place, New York 
City. His present mail address is Penacook, N.H. We have heard 
he was reporting a boiler-makers' convention in Pittsburg. 

Walter Stanley Brown (III.), 417 Boston Building, I>enver, Col., of Wiard 
& Brown, mining engineers. 

James M. Buchanan (III.), 208 West 82d Street, New York, N.Y., engi- 
neering department. New York & New Jersey Tel. Company, New 
York City. 

George H. Buckingham (IV.), 138 Newbury Street, Boston, Mass., grad- 
uate student at M. I. T. 

Harry W. Buker (III.) reported to have come East from Montana. 

George W. Burpee (I.), P.O. Box 476, Louisville, Ky., draughtsman in 
civil engineering department, L. & N. R.R. Chief engineer's office, 
L. & N. R.R., Louisville, Ky. 

William J. Cady (VI.), 435 Greenwood Avenue, Richmond Hill, Long 
Island, N.Y., with Holophane Glass Company, 15 E. 32d Street, New 
York, N.Y. 

Louis R. Chadwick (XIII.), 9 Green Street, Garemont, N.H., with Sul- 
livan Machinery Company, Garemont, N.H. 

Edward Chandler (XIII.), 43 Mill Street, Grand Rapids, Mich., erect- 
ing superintendent for A. S. Nichols & Co., lumber and veneer dryers, 
909 Tremont Building, Boston, Mass. 

Arthur N. Cheney (II.), 7650 Bond Avenue, South Chicago, III., with 
steam engineering department of Illinois Steel Company's "South 
Works," South Chicago, 111. 

Avedis Melkon Chuchian (I.), 82 Fifth Street, Chelsea, Mass., student 
at M. I. T. 

Walter B. Clifford (II.), 94 Sunrner Street, Fitchburg, Mass., manu- 
facturing, Simonds Manufacturing Company, Fitchburg, Mass. 
Paul N. Critchlow (I.), care American Bridge Company, Ambridge, Pa., 

draughtsman with American Bridge Company, Ambridge, Pa. 
John P. Davis (Sp.), 35 Huntington Street, Lowell, Mass., ssdesman with 
Gardner & Co., cotton goods converters, 95 Bedford Street, Boston, 

News from the Classes 


William J. Deavitt (111.), care Canadian Copper Company, Crean Hill 
Minc», Ont., Canada, with Canadian Copper Company. 

Colby Dill (X.), 460 Commonwealth Avenue, Newton Centre, Mass., 

Theodore Dissel (II.), 701 James Street, Syracuse, N.Y., draughtsman. 
Consolidated Car Heating Company, Albany, N.Y. 

ThomaR F. Dotsey (I.), M. I. T., student. Course I. 

William F. Englis (XIII.), 317 West 86th Street, New York, N.Y., with 
W. & A. Fletcher Company, Hoboken, N.J. 

Thomas W. Fabcr (II.), 49 Carson Avenue, Newburg, N.Y., draughts- 
man, Gregg Company, Limited, Newburg, N.Y. 

William F. Farley (I.), Lincoln Street, Waliham, Mass., with the Ambur- 
sen Hydraulic Construction Company, 176 Federal Street, Boston, 


., student, 

Robert D. Farrington (1.), Bellevue Street, West Roxbury 
Harvard Law School, Cambridge, Mass. 

Anhur E. Fecley (II.), Pittslietd, Mass., banker. Third National Bank. 

Andrew Fisher, Jr. (X.), tSo East Kiver Street, Hyde Park, Mass., sales- 
man with A. Klipstein Sc Co., dyestuffs and chemicals, 183-2S5 Con- 
gress Street, Boston, Mass. 

Harry A. Frame (III.), M. I. T.. Boston, Mass., student (IH.), 'oj. 

Frank W. Friend (IV.), M. I. T., Boston, Mass., student, IV., '07. 

Herman T. Gammons (II-), United States Patent Office, Washington, 
D.C., assistant examiner United States Patent Office, Washineiton, 
D.C. ^ 

Robert S. Gardner (XHI.), Technology Club, Boston, Mass., in turbine 
testing department of General Electric Company, West Lynn, Mass. 

Samuel E. Gideon (IV.). M. I. T.. Boston, Mass., instructor in drawing, 
M. I. T. 

James N. Gladding (H.), 606 John Street, Albuquerque. N.Mex,, city 
engineer of Albuquerque, N.Mex. 

Samuel A. Greeley (XL), care Hering & Fuller. 170 Broadway, New 
York, N.Y., assistant engineer with Rudolph Hering tc George W. 
Fuller, 170 Broadway, New York, N.Y. 

Edward C. Groesbeck (V.), 528 West 12+th Street. New York. N.Y., 
private assistant to Professor Henry M. Howe of Department of Metal- 
lurgy, Columbia University, 27 West 73d Street, New York, N.Y. 

Bitendra C. Gupta (VI.), 203 West Newton Street, Boston, Mass., student 
at M. I. T. (VI.). 

Richard F. Hammatr (VII. ), Forest Service, Washington, D.C, forert 
assistant. United Stales Forest Service, now on Cascade Forest Re- 
serve, headquarters, Koseburg, Ore. 
I William A. Hardy (IL). Room 322, United States Patent Office. Wash- 

ington, D.C, assistant examiner. United States Patent Office. 

Charles W. Hawkes (II.), 15 Euclid Street, Dorchester, Mass., with New 

L England Telephone Ac Telegraph Company, 101 Milk Street, Boston, 

134 The Technology 

Alfred R. Heckman (V.), Lake City, Col., assayer. 

Herman C. Henrici (II.)> 1013 Park Avenue^ Kansas City, Mo., assistant 
construction engineer, Missouri & Kansas Telephone Company, 
Kansas City, Mo. 

Royal R. Heuter (II.), Prairie Avenue, Aubumdale, Mass., assistant in 
mechanical engineering at the Institute. 

Guy Hill (VIII.), 41 High Street, Everett, Mass., experimental engineer 
Narional Electric Signalling Company, Brant Rock, Mass. 

Harold G. Hixon (III.), Y. M. C. A. Building, lola, Kan., chemist with 
United Zinc and Chemical Company, lola, Kan. 

George F. Hobson (XI.), 125 East 28th Street, New York, N.Y., with 
P., N.Y. & L.I. R.R. Company (East River Division), engineers' 
office. Front Street, Long Island City. 

Herbert P. Hollnagel (VIII.), 186 Hamilton Street, Dorchester, Mass., 
assistant in electro-chemistry, M. I. T., Boston. 

Helen R. Hosmer (V.), 1716 Union Street, Schenectady, N.Y., chemist, 
research laboratory. General Electric Company, Schenectady, 

Charies E. Hovey, 84 State Street, Portsmouth, N.H., midshipman. 
United States Navy. 

Charles M. Hutchins (III.), 232 West Newton Street, Boston, Mass., 
student at M. I. T. in Course III. 

Frank R. Ingalsbe (III.), Lehigh University, South Bethlehem, Pa., in- 
structor in Department of Geology, Lehigh University, South Beth- 
lehem, Pa. 

Hans O. C. Isenberg (II.), Technische Hochschule, Charlottenburg, Ger- 
many, studying gas engines. 

Ralph T. C. Jackson (IV.), 57 Oak Square Avenue, Brighton, Mass., grad- 
uate student, M. I. T. 

Gilman B. Joslin (XIII.), 46 Burroughs Street, Jamaica Plain, Mass., 
heating engineering with James Tucker & Sons Company, 97 High 
Street, Boston, Mass. 

Rinker Kibbey (III.), M. I. T., Boston, Mass., has been travelling in the 
West, visiting and working in various mining districts, now returned 
to M. I. T. to study in Course IV. 

William J. Knapp (II.) is reported with Wesnnghouse Electric & Manu- 
facturing Company, Pittsburg, Pa. 

Edmund K. Lawrence (I.), 242 Newbuiy Street, Boston, Mass., student, 
M. I. T. 

Hunter U. Light (II.), 40 West 30th Street, Bayonne, N.J., one of as- 
sistant engineers in mechanical department of M. H. Tread well & 
Co., 95-97 Liberty Street, New York, N.Y., contracting engineers. 

Fred C. Lutze (IV.), 14 Chelsea Street, East Boston, Mass., architectural 
draughtsman with A. H. Gould, architect, 17 Milk Street, Boston, 

Elmer D. McCain (I.), Union Bank Building, Winnipeg, Canada, on 

News from the Classes 


</ York Board of Water 

& Smith, 
e entered 

■.S; studetit 

reinforced concrete < 

engineers and contractors, Winnipeg, Car 
John H. M<:Manus (XI.), assistant engineer, 

Alben P. Mansfield (IV.), Wakefield, Mass.. was with Ransome 

II Broadway, New York City, until September, 1906, when 

M- I. T., '07. 
Anthony P. Mathesius (XIII.), 237 Beacon Street, Boston, Mas 

at M. 1. T. 
WiUiam E. H. Mathison (X, and III.), 105 North Pennsylvan: 

Webb City, Mo., employed by "Chapman & Lennan," who are 

mine operators in Webb City, Mo. 
Edward L. Mayberry (IV.), 1054 East Ocean Avenue, Long Beach, Cal., 

architectural engineer, 727 H. W, Hellman Building, Los Angeles, 

Henry S. Mears (III.), Bisbee, Ariz., miner, Bisbee, Ariz. 
Alden Merrill (IV.), 74 Litchfield Street, Torrington, Conn., assistant 

chemist, Coe Brass Manufacturing Company, Torrington, Conn. 
John E. L. Monaghan (I.), 319 Fourth Street, South Boston, Mass., civil 

engineer, now located at 30 Tremont Street, Boston, Mass, 
Waller N. Munroc (VI.), with Dallas Electric Lighting k Power Com- 
pany, engineering departrnenr, 358 Commerce Street, Dallas, Tex. 
Floyd A. Natamore (XHL), 39 St. Botolph Street, Boston, Mass., student, 

M. I. T., in Course IV. Naramore is president of the Architectural 

Arthur Neale (V,), M. I. T,, Boston, Mass., assistant. Laboratory of 
Technical Analysis, M. 1. T. 

William Neilson (III.), Oasis. Mono County, Cal., assayer, "Lookout 
Mine," which is located in Esmeralda County, Nevada. 

Henry H. Nelson, Jr. (IL), 16 Myrtle Street, Jamaica Plain, Mass,, heat- 
ing and ventilating draughtsman with French & Hubbard, New 
Albany BIdg., Beach Street. Boston, Mass. 

James B. L. Orme (V.), 18 St. James Avenue, Boston. Mass., chemist 
with R. S. Weston, sanitary engineer, i* Beacon Street, Boston, Mass. 

Louie A. Parker (IV.), 1155 West 6th Street, Los Angeles, Cal., chief 
engineer for Charles F. Whittlesey 8c Co., architects. Los Angeles. 

Gall F. Parsons (VL), in office of the manager Terre Haute Traction Si 
Light Company, Terre Haute, Ind. 

Ralph R, Patch (XL), 28 Lincoln Street, Stoneham, Mass., with State 
Board of Health until November i;. now assistant superintendent, 
E. L. Patch Company, manufacturing chemists and pharmacists, 
Stoneham, Mass. 

Jane B. Patten (VII.), 100 Gainsborough Street, Boston, Mass., instruc- 
tor in biology, Simmons College, Boston, Mass. 

Henry R. Patterson (II.), 8 Montrose Street, Roxbury, 
in mechanical engineering, M. L T. 

136 The Technology Review 

Park V. Perkins, 52 Broadway, New York, N.Y., mining broker, operating 

in Southern Nevada. 
Herbert S. Philbrick (II.)> Waterville, Me., draughtsman with Lombard 

Log Hauler Company, Waterville, Me. 
Bumell Poole (VI.), The Arlington, Montague Street, New York, N.Y., 

engineer with the New York Telephone Company, 15 Dey Street, 

New York, N.Y. 
Willis Ranney (L), Technology Chambers, Boston, Mass., student, M. L T. 
Edward M. Read, Jr. (I.), 481 1 Regent Street, Philadelphia, Pa., res. 

engineer on construction for the John N. Allison Company, 1628 

Land Title Building, Philadelphia, Pa. 
James Reed, Jr. (XIIL), 311 Beacon Street, Boston, Mass., graduate 

Atwood £. Rippey (IIL), care C. H. Rippey, Conrad Building, San Diego, 

Cal., gem mining, San Diego, Cal. 
Henry £. K. Ruppel (V.), chemist with Gillette Safety Razor Company, 

First and Colton Street, Boston, Mass. 
Philip B. Sadder (X.), Mechanicsville, N.Y., chemical engineer, Wetc 

Virginia Pulp & Paper Company, Mechanicsville, N.Y. 
Charles Saville (XI.), Room 140, State House, Boston, Mass., sankaij 

engineer, assistant in the engineering department, Massachusetts 

State Board of Health. 
Paul S. Schmidt (II.), Allendale Terrace, East Qeveland, Ohio, civil 

engineer with the Courtney Engineering Company, 406 American 

Trust Building, Cleveland, Ohio. 
Samuel Seaver (XIIL), 262 Franklin Street, Cambridge, Mass., with New 

England Telephone & Telegraph Company, 10 1 Milk Street, Boston, 

Ephraim F. Searle, 109 May Street, Lawrence, Mass., inside electric wir- 
Howard P. Shaw (I.), Buckfield, Me., merchant. 
Andrew B. Sherman, Jr. (VI.), Technology Chambers, Boston, Mass., 

engineering department, American Telephone & Telegraph Com- 
pany, 125 Milk Street, Boston, Mass. 
Arthur L. Sherman (I.), 4 Grand Street, White Plains, N.Y., assistant 

engineer, Board of Water Supply of City of New York, 4 Grand Street, 

White Plains, N.Y. 
George R. Shingler, Jr. (V.), Emory College, Oxford, Ga., professor of 

Le Roy H. Shipman (X.), Box 12 10, Berlin, N.H., assistant chemist. Burgess 

Sulphite Fibre Company, Berlin, N.H. 
Ernest M. Smith (II.), mechanical engineer with Solvay Process Company, 

Syracuse, N.Y. 
Carleton M. Soule (VI.), Hanover, N.H., graduated from Dartmouth 

College, '06, now student at Thayer School of Civil Engineering. 
Percy Staples (I.), 215 Newbury Street, Boston, Mass., with Stone & Web- 
ster, Boston, Mass. 

News from the Classes 


, Ponce Railway At Light 

ibers, Boston, Mass., siu- 

!., in electrical engineering 

et, Boston, Mass., stu- 

, Mai 

, with 

Edward T. Steel (VI.), in Lighting Depat 

Company, Ponce, Porto Rico. 
Edgar C. Steinharter (VII.), Technology Chat 

deni, Harvard Medical School. 
Robert K. Stoddard (VI.}, Nonh Hanover, Mass., 

department, Boston Elevated Railway. 
Harold W. Streeter (XI.). 150 West Newton Stre 

dent.CourseXI., M. I.T. 
Herbert A. Terrell (II.), t4 Lowell Avenue, Newtonville, 

Vacuum Process Co., 15 State Street, Boston, Mass. 
Maurice C. Thompkins (I.), 336 MonadnocL Building, Chicago, III., 

with William B. Hough Company. 
Lambert Thorp (V.), 511 Prospea Place, Avondale (Cincinnati), Ohio, 

assistant in chemistry. Case School of Applied Science, Cleveland, 

William F. TumbuU (II.), 35 Rutland Square, Boston, Man., student, 

M. I. T. 
Jean P. Varian (HI,), 253 Lincoln Avenue, Denver, Col. 
hhwar Das Varshnei, Sikandra Rau. District Aligarh, U. P., India, con- 

Euldng chemist and engineer. Has established a glass 

Aligarh, India, and is operating successfully. 
Ernest A. Wallet (IV.), 93 Gainsborough Street, Boston, Mag 

student. Course IV., M. I. T. 
Samuel L. Ware (XHI.), 103 Thurston Street, Somerville, Mass., in struct- 
ural department with H. P. Converse Sc Co.. 120 Milk Street, Boston, 

Oarkc £. Warren (II.), 803 College Avenue, Beloit, Wis., with Fairbanks- 
Morse Manufacturing Company, Beloit, Wis. 
Thomas Gray Webber (II.), 179 Lafayette Street, Salem, Mass., doing some 

special work in electricity at Institute. 
Mildred F. Wheeler (XIII.), London House, Mt. Hcrmon, Mass., teaching. 
James L. Wick, Jr. (II.), 753 Wick Avenue, Youngstown, Ohio, assistant 
ic, Youngstown Sheet & Tube Company, Youngs- 

., graduate 

, N.J., mechanical 

town. Ohio 
Sylvanus W. Wilder (II.), 283 Ellison Street, Pal 

engineer, Dolphin Jute Mitts, Paterson, N.J. 
Nahum C. Willey (XIII.), 200 loih Avenue, N., Seattle, Wash., 

man with the Moran Shipbuilding Company, Seattle, Wash, 
aarles F. Willis (III.), Cooney, Socorro County, N.M., assayer and 

surveyor for the Enterprise Mining Company, Cooney, N.M, 
George M. Winne (II.), 709 Marietta Avenue, Milwaukee, Wis. 
John T Wrinkle (IV.), M. I. T.. Boston, Mass., graduate student, M. I. T. 
Harold Eugene Young (VI.), 41 Rutland Square, Boston, Mass., engineering 

depaitment of the American Telephone fc Telegraph Company, 115 

Milk Street, Boston, Mass. 

138 The Technology Review 

A geographical register has been prepared with the idea of assist- 
ing every member who has thus far been heard from to locate and 
get in touch with his neighbors. The members are urged to 
meet together in small or large groups. Those who are expecting 
to make trips are urged to look up in advance their classmates 
located along their itinerary, and try to get in touch with them. 

In using this register, the list of changes of addresses (to be found 
on another page) should also be consulted, since the latter con- 
tains changes which arrived too late for entry in the register of this 

Edward P. Cutter Ensley 


Heniy S. Mears Bisbee 

Harold C. Plummer Globe, Gila County 

R. B. Sarratea Clifton 

Jorge Lage Ilha do Viana, Rio Janeiro 


Edward L. Mayberry 1054 East Ocean Avenue, Long Beach 

John M. Morris 527 South Main Street, Los Angeles 

William Neilson Oasis, Mono Counqr 

Louie A. Parker 1255 West 6th Street, Los Angeles 

Atwood £. Rippey Care C. H. Rippey, Conrad Building, San Diego 

Clarence H. Sutherland Wcstport 

William J. Deavitt Crcan Hill Mines, Ontario 

Fay W. Libbey Cobalt, Ontario 

Elmer D. McCain 

Union Bank Building, care George H. Archibald & Co., Winnipeg 

Walter S. Brown 41? Boston Building, Denver 

Willis S. Cayplcss 1035 Logan Avenue, Denver 

Alfred R. Heckman Lake City 

Harry C. Merriam 201 East Orinon Avenue, Pueblo 

Russell P. Raynolds 670 Third Avenue, Durango 

^^^^B News from the Classes 139 


^^Wlluin A. Sheldon 
Louii B. Tucketman 
Jean P. Varian 
Anhur E. Wells 

Care Taylor Park Mining Company, Dorchester 

13^5 Ogden Street. Denver 

253 Lincoln Avenue, Denver 


Sand's Camp, Montrose 

Waiiam W. Gaylord 
Nathan J. Gibbs 
Fredericlc B. GuFST, 
Walter A. Hotchkiss 
Alden MerHII 
James S. Pitkin 
Edward M. Richardson 



25 Slater Avenue, Norwich 

37S Maple Street, Bridgeport 

698 Kossuth Street, Bridgeport 

74 Litchfield Street, Torrington 

P.O. Box 1051, New Haven 

Lime Rock 


Nestor M. Seiglie 


Sagua la Grande 

DisTtiicT OF Columbia 

Herman T. Gammons 
Waiiam A. Hardy 
aarles T. Leeds 
Ceorge C. Noble 
Edward L. Wilson 

United States Patent Office 

322 United States Patent Office 

Washington Barracks 

Treasury Department 

904 East Capitol Street 


Charles G. Loring 

Care Baring Brothers, London 


Lewis A. Thompson 



Pad F. Mann 

Care American Express Company, Paris 

George R. Shinglcr, Jr. 


Emory College, Oxford 


HiniO. C. Isenberg 

Edward M. Eliot 


Post Falls 



The Technology Review 

Arthur M. Cheney 
Chester A. Hoefer 
MOton T. Lightner 
Herbert J. Mann 
Maurice C. Thompkins 
James R. Williams 

Ishwar Das Varshnei 


Care Illinois Steel Company, South Chicago 

9 Lincoln Avenue, Freepon 

Highland Park 

751 Pinegrove Avenue, Chicago 

336 Monadnock Building, Chicago 

196 South i8th Street, Quincy 


Sikandra Rau, Distnct Aligarh, U. P. 


Ralph D. Kelley Room 8, Union Station, Indianapolis 

Gait F. Parsons Care Terre Haute Traction & Light Co., Terre Haute 

Franklin J. Van Hook Care Big Four Railroad Company, Wabash 

Lawrence B. Webster Marion 

Harold G. Hixon 

George W. Burpee 
Wallace Newberger 

Laurence G. Blodgett 

John P. Chadwick 
Harry V. Fletcher 
Herbert S. PhUbrick 
Howard P. Shaw 

John W. Anderson 
Joseph T. Lawton 
Louis H. Maxfield 
Walter Smith 
Arthur S. Thomas 

Daniel Adams 
Lyman Anson 
Fritz A. Armstrong 






Y. M. C. A. Building, lola 

P.O. Box 476, Louisville 
763 Sixth Street, Louisville 


383 Spring Street, Portland 


P.O. Box 806, Sparrow's Point 
Care Joseph Thomas & Son, Baltimore 


United States Naval Academy, Annapolis 

809 Continental Trust Building, Baltimore 


55 Jackson Street, Lawrence 

33 St. James Avenue, Boston 

220 West River Street, Hyde Park 


from the Classes 141 

Herbert J. Ball 

315 Pawtucket Street, Lowell 

I>mes !. Ban«h 

5 Fayston Street, Roxbury 

WatUm P. Bearce 


Hirold W. Beers 

51 Cedar Street, Taunton 

Frank A. Benham 

4^ St. Stephens Street, Boston ■ 

Leavnt N. Bent 


&lgar M. Berliner 

M. I. T., Boston 

Rutherford Bingham 

Technology Chambers, Boston 

Otto B. Blackwell 

t6 Rutland Square, Boston 

Albert A. Blodgett 

28 Greenville Street, Roxbury 

Mildred E- Blodgert 

9 Batavia Street, Boston 

A. L. Boynton 

88 Chatham Street, Worcester 

Harry W. Brown 

tl8 Brighton Comer, Allston 

George H. Bucltingham 

138 Newbury Street, Boston 

Edmund S. Campbell 

48 St. Stephens Street, Boston 

Sidney T. Carr 

18 Thayer Street, Quincy 

Hcniy P. Carruth Care American Wtiring Paper Company, Holyoke 

Anna M. Cederholm 

65 Marlboro Street, Belmont 

Walter E. Chadbourrie 

41 Newport Street, Dorchester 

Charles H. Cha«e 

15 Westf5eld Street, Dedham 

Arthur M. Chidester 

Technology Chambers, Boston 

AvedU M. Chuchian 

81 Fifth Street. Chelsea 

Ptescoti I. Qapp 

169 Boston Street, Upham's Comer 

Uwi. C. aarke, Jr. 

264 Green Street, Cambridge 

Ralph S. Qarke 

Walter B. QiiFord 

94 Sumner Street, Fitchburg 

Maxwell A. Coe 

43 Ashland Street, Medford 

H.riy H. Cook, 

17 Lamartine Street, Jamaica Plain 

Kaymond E. Cranston 

425 Quincy Street, Dorchester 

E. H. Daniels 


Henry E. Darling 

115 Milk Street, Boston 

lofan P. Davis 

35 Huntington Street, Lowell 

L«oa H. Davi. 

15 Union Park, Boston . 

Walter D. Davol 

19 Bartlett Street, Chatlestown 

Edward H. Dean 

38 General Cobb Street, Taunton 

WJter G. de Steiguer 

12 Newbury Street, Boston 

Colby Dill 

460 Commonwealih Avenue, Newton Centre 

Frank E. Dixon 

25 HulbuR Street, Roxbury 

Thomas F. Dotscy 

M. 1. T., Boston 

Alice B. Douglas 

La Fayette Avenue, Hingham 

Ralph L. Dyer 

1 1 Grove Street, Winchester 

Frederic E. Earie 

10 Downer Street, Dorchester 

William F. Eastwood 

155 Ruggles Street, Boston 

Harold C. Elliott 

1 1 Ruskir Street, West Roxbury 

Carleton M. Emerson 

72 Mt. Vernon Avenue, Braintree 

Edward B, Evant 

116 Cedar Street, Maiden 



The Technology Review 

Nugent Fallon 
William F. Farlqr 
Robert D. Farrington 
Arthur £. Feeley 
Andrew Fisher, Jr. 
Harry A. Frame 
Frank W. Friend 
Floid M. Fuller 
Robert S. Gardner 
Samuel £. Gideon 
Heniy A. Ginsburg 
Wilford D. Gray 
James £. Griffin 
Perley K. Griffin 
Ransom C. Grosvenor 
George R. Guernsey 
Birendra C. Gupta 
Frank Haley 
Henry B. Hallowell 
Charies £. Hamilton 
Charles W. Hawkes 
Marden W. Hayward 
Royal R. Heuter 
Angelo T. Heywood 
Guy HiU 

Frederick W. Hinds 
Herbert P. Hollnagel 
William W. Hosmer 
Robert N. Hoyt 
Charies M. Hutchins 
Ralph H. Jackson 
Ralph T. C. Jackson 
Arthur H. Jansson 

Charles £. 
Joseph W. ^ 
Gilman B. 


Charles L. B. Kasson 
Burton W. Kendall 
Andrew Kerr 
Rinker Kibbey 
James W. Kidder 
Ralph F. Knight 
Frederic S. Krag 
Abraham Lampie 
Clarence £. Lasher 
£dmund K. Lawrence 

489 Walnut Avenue, Jamaica Plain- 

176 Federal Street, Boston 

Bellevue Street, West Roxbuiy 

180 East River Street, Hyde Park 

M. L T., Boston 

M. L T., Boston 

M. L T., Boston 

Technology Qub, Boston 

M. L T., Boston 

19 Qinton Street, Cambridge 

21 Chestnut Street, Wobum 

130 Temple Street, West Newton 

86 Walnut Street, Neponset 

371 Columbus Avenue, Boston 

27 £aton Street, Winchester 

203 West Newton Street, Boston 

9 Adams Court, Lynn 

112 School Street, Belmont 

27 £ndicott Avenue, Beachmont 

loi Milk Street, Boston 

233 Goffe Street, Quincy 

M. L T., Boston 

M. L T., Boston 

41 High Street, Everett 

61 Kirkstall Road, NewtonvtUe 

M. L T., Boston 

63 Ridge Avenue, Athol 

40 Oak Street, Hyde Park 

M. L T., Boston 

335 Centre Street, Jamaica Plain 

57 Oak Square Avenue, Brighton 

Mt. Pleasant Avenue, Maiden 

119 Trenton Street, East Boston 

30 Summer Street, Dorchester 

46 Burroughs Street, Jamaica Plain 

ID Thetford Avenue, Dorchester Centre 

M. L T^ Boston 

317 Forest Street, Medford 

M. L T., Boston 

22 Brook St., Somerville 

49 Church Street, Hudson 

Care B. F. Sturtevant Company, Boston 

28 Greenwood Street, Dorchester 

19 Bedford Street, Lynn 

242 Newbury Street, Bomn 

News from 

the Classes 143 1 

R»!ph C. Lawrence 

16 Highland Avenue, Fiichburg ^J 

Waldron G. Lawrence 

34 Sargent Street, Dorchester ^^^H 

Dan A. Loomis 

Technology Chambers. Boston ^^H 

Fonest W. Lord 

142 East Emerson Street, Melrose ^^^H 

Harald Lord 

jO Auburn Street, Maiden ^^H 

Willii,m J. Lumbcrt 

P.O. Box 287, Walpole ^^M 

Fred C. Lutze 

14 Chelsea Street. East Boston ^^^H 

Claude S. McGinnis 

M. 1. T., Boston ^^M 

Richard V. McKay. Jr. 

East Milton ^^H 

Joseph N. McKeman 

Eleanor M. Manning 

26 Beacon Hill Avenue, Lynn ^^1 

Albert P. Mansfield 

Wakefield ^^H 

Edward L. Manion 

M. I. T., Boston ^^M 

Anthony P. Maihesius 

Z37 Beacon Street, Boston ^^^H 

Louis F. Mesmer 

Z42 Newbury Street, Boston ^^H 

Winthrop N. Messenger 

183 Vinton Street. Melrose Highlands ^^H 

John E. L. Monaghan 

3T9 Fourth Street, South Boston ^^^H 

James G. Moore 

M. L T., Boston ^H 

Charles W. Mowty 

415 Quincy Streer, Dorchester ^^^B 

Harold K. Munroe 

43 Warren Avenue, Wobum 1 

Floyd A, Naramore 

ig St. Boiolph Street, Boston 1 

Samuel A. Nash 

77 Toxteth Street, Brookline ■ 

Arthur Neale 

M. L T., Boston .^H 

Henry H. Nelson 

16 Myrtle Street. Jamaica Plain ^^M 

Sheriey P. Newton 

M. I. T., Boston ^H 

Henry G. Nicholas 

Back Bay P.O., Boston ^^M 

Uur J. Nicholas 

263 Newbury Streer, Boston ^^H 

John F. Norton 

132 Woodland Road, Aubumdale ^^M 

Hairy L. Oaks 

James B. L. Orme 

iS St. James Avenue. Boston ^^^H 

82 Duslin Street. Brighton ^^M 

Rowland E. Page 

79 Worcester Street, E^ston ^^^| 

R. R. Patch 

z8 Lincoln Street, Stoneham ^^^H 

Jane B. Patten 

Simmons College, Boston ^^M 

Henry R. Patterson 

M. L T., Boston ^H 

Fred S. Phelps 

88 Chatham Street, Worcester ^H 

Willis Ranney 

Technology Chambers, Boston ^^^H 

James Reed, Jr. 

311 Beacon Street, Boston ^^M 

Charies D. Richardson 

48 Highland Avenue, Cambridge ^^M 

John A. Root 

Technology Chambers, Bosron ^^^| 

Robert J. Ross 

86 Clifton Street, Belmont ^H 

Edward B. Rowe 

9 St. James Avenue, Boston ^^^H 

Wiear L. Rowell 

Swampscott ^^^H 

Mary J. Ruggles 

6j Wendell Street, Cambridge ^^M 

Hcnty E. K. Ruppel 


~— J 



The Technology Review 

Charles Saville 
Ephraim F. Seaiie 
Samuel Seaver 
Ray £. Shedd 
Andrew B. Sherman, Jr. 
Ralph ShurtlefF 
John £. Simmons 
Harold C. Smith 
Lillie C. Smith 
Everett C. Stanton 
Percy Staples 
Edgar C. Steinharter 
Robert R. Stoddard 
Harold W. Streeter 
Arthur W. Talbot 
Horace A. Tarr 
Herbert A. Terrell 
Killey E. Teny, Jr. 
Louis H. Tripp 
Clarence E. Tucker 
William T. Tumbull 
Stanley M. Udale 
William M. Van Amringe 
William F. Walker 
WUliam J. Walsh 
Ernest A. Walter 
Samuel L. Ware 
Arthur P. Watt 
Thomas G. Webber 
Mildred F. Wheeler 
George F. White 
Herbert S. Whiting 
Bernard F. Whittaker 
Malcolm G. Wright 
Harold S. Wilkins 
Frederick H. Willcox 
Dana M. Wood 
Ira V. Woodbury 
Julian M. Wright 
William H. P. Wright 
John T. Wrinkle 
George C. Young 
Harold E. Young 

Room 140, State House, Boston 

109 May Street, Lawrence 

262 Franklin Street, Cambridge 

212 Highland Avenue, Somerville 

Technology Chambers, Boston 

57 Prospect Street, Taunton 

34 South Central Avenue, WoUaston 

3 Abbott Street, Newton Upper Falls 

163 Huntington Avenue, Boston 

P.O. Box 367, Sharon 

215 Newbury Street, Boston 

Technology Chambers, Boston 

North Hanover 

150 West Newton Street, Boston 

3 Nottingham Street, Dorchester 

75 Thomdike Street, Cambridge 

15 State Street, Boston 

714 Washington Street, Dorchester 

4^ Rutland Square, Boston 

Hyde Park Avenue, Hyde Park 

35 Rutland Square, Boston 

Technology Chambers, Boston 

29 Crawford Street, Roxbury 

167 Andover Street, Lawrence 

5 Woodville Street, Roxbury 

M. L T., Boston 

103 Thurston Street, Somerville 

176 Forest Street, Winchester 

179 Lafayette Street, Salem 

Mt. Hermon 

Franklin Park 

274 Seaver Street, Roxbury 

ID Front Street, Worcester 

334iWashington Street, Wellesley Hills 

M. L T., Boston 

M. L T., Boston 

35 Myrtle Street, Belmont 

72 Lothrop Street, Beverly 

10 Charles Street, Boston 

172 Jackson Street, Lawrence 

M. L T., Boston 

10 Rawson Street, Dorchester 

125 Milk Street, Boston 

^^^V News 

from the Classes 145 


Thomas B. Holrao 


Aguascalientes. Ags. 

Robert Hursh, care American Smelting & Refining Company, 

A] ben L. Stephens 

Aguascalientej, Ags. 

Heiben S. Bailey 


Box loi. Agricultural College 

Edward Chandler 

4.3 Mills Street, Grand Rapids 

George F. Hunt 

Ann Arbor 

Roger L. Rice 

St. Qair 

George M. Henderson 


Frank Logan 

1318 Vine Place, Minneapolis 

John E. Murphy 



Charie. H. Shapleigh 


John C. ViUton 

Pass Christian 

ADen Ashley 

Care E. H. Abodie & Co., St. Louis 

JoM R. Qark 

5330 Banmer Avenue, St. Louis 

Herman C. Henrici 

1013 Park Avenue, Kansas City 

Alfred W. Hertz 

2I3I Benton Boulevard, Kansas City 

J»m« H. Polhemus 


William E. H. Mathison 

105 North Pennsylvania Avenue, Webb City 

Oifford R. Wilfley 

Maryville, Nodoway County (temporarily) 

Elmer E. Harrington 

Care B. & M. Co., Great Fall. 

Guy H. Ruggles 

Care B. tc M. Co., Great Fatit 
ftw Hampshire 

Frtderick R. Barchelder 


David BlM>m 

Care Claremont Paper Company, Claremont 

Uui) P. Chadwick 

9 Green Street, Oaremont 

Roben S. Qarfc 

9 Green Street, Claremon. 

Alexander Hicks 

45 Prospect St., Oaremont 

aaries E. Hovey 

84 State Street, Portsmouth 

Hjny L. Lewenberg 

P.O. BoK 634, Berlin 

P.O. Box I2I0, Berlin 

Carleton M. Soule 



. i 


The Technology Review 

Stuart W. Benson 
Fred H. Bentle7 
Stewart £. Coey 
Hunter U. Light 
Sylyanuf W. Wilder 

James N. Gladding 
Charies F. Willis 

Nbw Jbrsby 

48 Chestnut Street, Trenton 

32 South Second Street, Elizabeth 

156 Broad Street, Newark 

40 West 30th Street, Bayonne 

283 Ellison Street, Paterson 

New Mexico 

606 John Street, Albuquerque 
Cooney, Socorro County 

New York 

Howard P. Adams 
Simeon C. Allen 
Howard P. Barnes 
Louis L. B. Booth 
Charles F. Breitzke 
Harry H. Browne 
Chaiies R. Burleigh 
James M. Buchanan 
George Bumap 

202 West 44th Street, New York City 
American Fruit Product Company, Rochester 

White Plains 
78 Fisher Avenue, White Plains 
17 Battery Place, New York CSty 
741 Broadway, Albany 
208 West 82d Street, New York City 
Westbury Station, Long Island 
William J. Cady 435 Greenwood Avenue, Richmond Hill, Long Island 
Harold V. O. Coes 

Care Western Electric Company, 463 West Street, New York City 
Robert E. Cushman 741 Broadway, Albany 

Roland P. Davis 42 Broadway, New York City 

Theodore Dissel 701 James Street, Syracuse 

Sylvester B. Eagan 993 Delaware Avenue, BuflFalo 

David D. Eames 15} Orchard Street, Auburn 

William F. Englis 327 West 86th Street, New York City 

Thomas W. Faber 49 Carson Avenue, Newburg 

William C. Purer 573 Second Street, Brooklyn 

George C. Fumess 523 River Street, Hoboken 

Samuel A. Greeley 170 Broadway, New York City 

Edward C. Groesbeck 

Care Professor Howe, Columbia University, New York City 

Wallace R. Hall 
George F. Hobson 
Charles A. Howard 
Helen R. Hosmer 
Henry S. Hubbell 
Andrew H. Keleher 
Patrick J. Kennedy, Jr. 
Howard W. Key 
William H. Lincoln 
Frederick C. Line 

Hunts Point Road, Bronx, New York City 

125 East 28th Street, New York City 

55 Duane Street, New York City 

1 71 6 Union Street, Schenectady 

83-85 Washington Street, New York City 

55 Duane Street, New York Ci^ 

221 West 43d Street, New York City 

773 State Street, Schenectady 

125 East 28th Street, New York City 

50 Rowley Street, Rochester 

^^^■^ News 

from the Classes 147 


^^^eniy D. Loring 

61 list Street, Whitestone, New York City 

James R. MeCliniock 

170 Broadway, New York City 

John H. McManus 

White Plains 

Charie* B. Morey 

101 Depew Avenue, ButTalo 

Huold Moise 

392 Fourth Street, Brooklyn 

Park V. Perkins 

SI Broadway, New York City 

Edward B. Pollisier 

2Z5 West 4Sth Street, New York City 

Bumell Poole 

15 Dey Street, New York City 

Phillip B. Sadder 


Arthur L. Sherman 

4 Grand Street, White Plains 

Emen M. Smith 

Solvay Process Company, Syracuse 

Lemuel D. Smith 

Care Winihrop Press, New York City 

Ralph N. Soule 

IIS West zjd Street, New York City 

Waller H. Trask Room 

1119, Grand Centra! Station, New York City 

Anhur T. Trowbridge 

5SS Warren Street, Hudson 

Walter B. Wyman 

Crown Point, Ewex County 

Edwin B. Bartleti 

4916 Linden Avenue, Norwood [Cincinnati] 

Eari G. Christy 

Z924 Collingwood Avenue, Toledo 

Robert H. Doepke 

3595 Washington Avenue, Cincinnati 

Joseph H. Teemster, Jt. 


Charles E. Fogg 

II13 Union Trust Building. Cincinnati 

Michael J. Gibbons, Jr. 

239 North Main Street, Dayton 

Thomas L. Hinckley 

Care State Board of Health, Columbus 

Bruce R. Honeyman 

Care Cris.o Hospital, Cincinnati 

Karl F. Juengling 

461 Dunham Avenue. Cleveland 

William 1. Lourie 

144 West Rayen Avenue, Yoongstown 

Ctor S. Pulman, Jr. 

1791 117th Street, Cleveland 

Paul S. Schmidt 

406 American Trust Building, Cleveland 

Guy C. Simpson 

4SI Wilson Ave., Columbus 

Lamben Thorp 

Sia Prospect Place, Avondale, Cincinnati 

James L. Wick, Jr. 

753 Wick Avenue, Youngstown 

Richard F. Hammatt 

Cascade Forest Reserve at Roseburg 

Andrew L. Bell 

Culebra, Canal Zone 

Frank A. Browne 

Culebra, Canal Zone 

Sidney L. Davis 

Cristobal, Canal Zone 

Robert J. Lyons 

Culebra, Canal Zone 

Charie. T. Banleit 

Box 391, Crafton 

Robert H. Booth 

Linwood Station 



The Technology Review 

Eugene P. Chase 
Paul N. Cntchlow 
George L. Davenport, Jr. 
David C. Davis 
Herbert W. Dean 
John J. Donovan 
Carroll A. Farwell 
Leon £. Hirt 
Frank R. Ingalsbe 
Isa W. Kahn 
William J. Knapp 

Care Wesdnghouse 
Clifford Lynde 
Harvey B. Orcutt 
Clarence B. Powell 
Edward M. Read 
Philip B. Stanley 
AUyn C. Taylor 
DeWitt M. Taylor 
Percy E. Tillson 
Nathaniel A. White 

Edward T. Steel 
Henninio Yrizarry 

Edgar C. Ballou 
Shields Burr 
Walter C. Spencer 
Frederick B. Thurber 

817 Walnut Street, Wilkinsburg 
Care American Bridge Company, Ambridge 

1 1 13 Union Station, Pittsburg 
6700 North 8th Street, Oak Lane, Philadelphia 
6700 North 8th Street, Oak Lane, Philadelphia 

4924 Centre Avenue, Pittsburg 

1013 Pennsylvania Avenue, Pittsburg 

55 Water Street, Pittsburg 

Lehigh University, South Bethlehem 

Care Homestead Steel Works, Munhall 

Electrical & Manufacturing Company, Pittsburg 

Union Station, Oil City 

235 Fourth Avenue, Phoenixville 

341 1 Walnut Street, Philadelphia 

48 1 1 Regent Street, Philadelphia 

411 McNair Street, Wilkinsburg 

6700 North 8th Street, Oak Lane, Philadelphia 


6700 North 8th Street, Oak Lane, Philadelphia 

1 51 5 Girard Avenue, Philadelphia 

PoKTO Rico 
Care Ponce Railway & Lighting Company, Ponce 

Box 82, San German 

Rhode Island 

15 Laura Street, Providence 


162 Peace Street, Providence 

229 Waterman Street, Providence 

Chadwell S. Pierce 
Herbert L. Williams 

Garence M. Cockrell 
Walter N. Munroc 
Wendell P. Terrell 
Charles F. W. Wetterer 

South Dakota 

Bovine (temporarily) 



358 Commerce Street, Dallas 

Prairie View 
Wilson Building, Dallas 


Raymond J. Barber Bingham Canon 

Garence E. Carter Care William Ashton, chief engineer, Salt Lake City 

News from the Classes 


Alben W. HemphUI 
Wafrcd N. Oliver 

Ogiai R. Adams 
Qvincy P. Emery 
Carl C. Stevens 
Nahum C. Wilky 

Eawin D. A. Frank 
a»rk E. Warren 
George M. Winne 

506 Moore Street, Bristol 
360 Eleventh Avenue, S.W., Roanoke 


Care Seattle Electric Company, Seattle 

221 Colman Block, Seanle 


100 Tenth Avenue, N., Seattle 


2300 Grand Avenue, Milwaukee 

803 College Avenue, Beloit 

709 Marietta Avenue, Milwaukee 

The following changes of address have been noted since October; 

Fred R. Batchelder (VI.), 817 Walnut Street, Wilkinsbutg, Pa., apprentice, 
Wcetinghouse Electric & Manuraciuring Company. 

In the October Review, through an error, Frank A. Benham (I)., who is 
in the Engineering Depanment of the New England Telephone Ac 
Telegraph Company, at 104 Milk Street, Boston, Mass., was reported 
as bdng with the American Telegraph & Telephone Company at 
125 Milk Street. ' 

Laurence G. Blodgetl (I.), Sliddt, La. 

Walter E. Chadbourne (XIIL), is no longer with the Edison Electrical 
Illuminating Company, but is working as surveyor and draughtsman 
in Plan Department, Factory Mutual Fire Insurance Company, 31 
" m, Mass. His m 

>s is still 41 Newport Street, 

IS is 21+ West 8ld Street, New York, N.Y. 
likely moved with the Philadelphia bunch 
:, Oak Lane, to 341 1 Walnut Street, Phila- 

Milk Stree 

Dorchester, Mas 
Harold V. O. Coes' mail addr 
David C. Davis {VI. ) has ver 

from 6700 North 8th Stre 

delphia. Pa. 
Herben W. Dean, 341 1 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. He and Davis 

are both in the Engineering Department of the Bell Telephone Com- 
pany of Philadelphia, at 1633 Arch Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 
John J. Donovan has gone from Pittsburg to New York, 174 West 109th 

Street, care of Gromer, New York City, and is building superintendent, 

with Ernest Flagg, 35 Wall Street, New York City. 
Fiederic E. Earle (II-), apprentice with Lumsden and Van Stone, Boston, 

Mass., now lives at 24 Leroy Street, Dorchester, Mass. 
Edward B. Evans (IV.) is no longer with Purdy & Bender 

Hit address is 36 East 28th Street, New York, N.Y., " 

u (trtictuial engineer with Undi 
Broadway, New York City. 

, Boston, 
s working 

Engineering Company, [170 


150 The Technology Review 

William C. Furer (IV.), formeriy with the American Bridge G>mpany of 
New York City, is now draughtsman with (address) Department of 
Yards and Docks, United States Naval Stadon, Key West, Fla. 

William W. Gaylord (II. )> ^th American Brass Company, is at 120 Cook 
Street, Waterbury, Conn. 

Charles £. Hamilton, 43 High Street, Charlestown Mass., with the Amer- 
ican Telephone & Telegraph Company. 

Elmer £. Harrington (III.)> 5'^ Seventh Street, North, Great Falls, Mont., 
is sdll with the Boston and Montana Consolidated Copper and Silver 
Mining Company. 

George M. Henderson (III.), formerly in Hibbing, Minn., now Box 54, 
Rhyolite, Nev., as engineer with Tramp Consolidated Mining Com- 
pany, Rhyolite, Nev. 

''Tommy" Holmes (III.)> formerly in Jalisco, Mex., is now widi die Amer- 
ican Smelung & Refining Company, where ''Al" Stephens (III.) is 
working. Address, Hotel Bellina. 

Bruce R. Honeyman (IV.) has recovered from sickness, and is now with 
the Contracting Engineering Company, Tacoma, Wash. Mail address, 
63 North 20th Street, Portland, Ore. 

James A. Kane (XIII.), M. I. T., Boston, Mass., student. 

Andrew H. Keleher (VI.), 365 West 23d Street, New York, N.Y., with die 
Electrical Department of the New York Edison Company. 

Harold A. Kingsbury (X.), M. I. T., Boston, Mass., student. 

Charles T. Leeds (^), Fort Bayard, N.Mex., First Lieutenant, Corps of 
Engineers, United States Army. 

Fay W. Libbey (III.), P.O. Box 139, Cobalt, Ontario, Canada. 

Harold Lord (IV.), formerly with Eastern Expanded Metal Company, is 
now at the Light-house Depot, Tompkinsville, N.Y., as architectural 
and structural steel draughtsman. Light-house Service. 

Richard V. McKay, Jr. (III.)> who spent the summer abroad, is now assist- 
ant to both the superintendent and general manager of the Pennsyl- 
vania Steel Company. Address, Care of Pennsylvania Steel Company, 
Lebanon, Pa. 

Joseph N. McKeman (I.), formeriy draughtsman with Bangor & Aroos- 
took Railroad, is now with the Engineering Department, New Eng- 
land Telephone & Telegraph Company, Boston. Address, 75 Gains- 
boro Street, Boston, Mass. He has been recendy located on work in 
Haverhill, Mass. 

Eleanor M. Manning is draughtsman, 93 Water Street, Boston, Mass. (undl 
Jan. I, 1907). Address, 26 Beacon Hill Avenue, Lynn, Mass. 

Charles B. Morey (VIII.), formerly with the American Radiator Company 
is now assistant chemist with the Larkin Company, Buffalo. Address, 
10 1 Depew Avenue, Buffalo, N.Y. 

James H. Polhemus (III.)) formerly with New Jersey Zinc Company, has 
gone to Carthage, Mo. Full address later. Letters will reach him 
via his home, 18 Moreland Avenue, Newton Centre, Mass. 

Robert J. Ross (III.), of 86 Clifton Street, Belmont, Mass., is with H. R. 

News from the Classes 151 

Buck, civil engineer, Hartford, Conn., working on Massachusetts- 
Connecticut State Line Survey. 

Mary J. Ruggles (V.}, formerly at Radcliff^e, is now at i8 Rugby Road, 
Schenectady, N.Y., engaged as chemist at the Research Laboratory of 
the General Electric Company. Miss Ruggles and Miss Hosmer (V.) 
are two of a group of three Technology women at the General Elec- 
tric Company's laboratories. 

Robeno B. Sarratea (IIL) has gone out to Clifton, Ariz., to work in mines. 

Nestor M. Seiglie (L), of Sagua la Grande, Cuba, is with the Cuban Central 
Railway, Ltd. 

Allyn C. Taylor (IL), with the Distribution Department, United Gas Im- 
provement Company, has moved from Oak Lane to 341 1 Walnut 
Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

The address of De Witt McC. Taylor (IL), given in the last Review as 
Blairsville, Pa., should be Box i. Black Lick, Pa. 

Percy E. TilUon (VI.), of the Bell Telephone Company of Philadelphia, 
has moved with Taylor to 3411 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Walter H. Trask (II.) is now at 397 Warburton Avenue, Yonkers, N.Y., 
assisting inspector, Yonkers Power Station, N. Y. C. & H. R. R.R. 

F. J. Van Hook (L), formetly located at Wabash, Ind., is now draughtsman 
with the ChaHes River Dam Commission. Office, 367 Boylston Street, 
Boston. Residence, 40 Sherman Street, Roxbury, Mass. 

Arthur E. Wells (IIL), metallurgical chemist with the American Smelting 
& Refining Company, has transferred from Leadville, Col., to Mur- 
ray Station, Salt Lake, Utah. 

When Sylvester C. Wolfe (1.) was with the United States Reclamation 
Service in Colorado, he used to see Kriegsman (L), '05, frequently. 
Now Wolfe is structural draughtsman for the Builders' Iron & Steel 
Company, Bridge Street, Cambridge, Mass. Residence, 138 Boston 
Avenue, West Medford, Mass. 

The SKcetaiies have gleaned a few notes on the activities 2nd 
movements t>r the members of the class: 

Barnes (I.), seems to have resigned himself very completely to the locality 
and atmosphere of White Plains. 

C. T. Banlett and C. A. Farwell, '06, found time during December to 
come out to Columbus, Ohio, and pay a short visit 10 Simpson and 
Hinckley, who are both located there. There were hardly enough 
present to paint the town a very deep shade of red. Both the visiting 
Pittsburgcrs had the good fortune to make the return train without 
any difficulty. 

Chatlei F. Breit/ke (XL) visited Boston in the fall, and also came home 
for Christmas. 

"Etlitor" Howard H. Brown (XIII.) was in Pittsburg, reporring a Boiler 
Maker Convention. 


152 The Technology Review 

Charles R. Burleigh (II.) is mechanical engineer with the Consolidated Car 
Heating Company, Albany, N.Y. He is doing mostly electrical work. 
William J. Cady (VI.) visited Boston Christmas week. 
Coey (VI.) runs over to Boston from New York now and then. 
William Couper (I.) is reported with the Penn., N.Y. ie L. I. R.R., 

at 125 East 34th Street, New York, N.Y. 
H. C. Crowell, '03, of Salem, together with our "Schubert," George L. 
Davenport, Jr. (I.), furnish the music for the Panhandle crowd at 
Crafton, Pa. 
Eliot (VI.) has been heard from out of the "Wild and Woolly." He reports 
fine scenery and vigorous work. Eliot is engaged on a water power 
development project. 
C. A. Farwell (I.), who, with C. T. Bartlett (I.), is working for the Pan- 
handle Railway, was back home for a week from Pittsburg. (See also 
C. T. Bartlett.) He sent us an account of the Pittsburg reunion. 
Edwin D. A. Frank (II.) says that summer school in machine tools is not 
in it with a summer course in the foundry of the Alhs-Chalmers Com« 
George C. Fumess (VIII.), who is engaged as instructor in physics at 
Stevens Institute of Technology, came up from Hoboken, N.J., on a 
two weeks' Christmas vacadon to visit Boston and his home in Man« 
Chester, N.H. 
Alfred W. Geist, Jr. (VI.), was seen by the resident secretary in New York> 
July, 1906, when his address was Hotel Manhattan, New York City. 
Present address not known. He is connected with an electroljrdc refin- 
ing company. 
Michael J. Gibbons, Jr. (VI.), is busy out in Dayton, Ohio. He is well 
located as buyer for the plumbing and hearing lines with his father, 
and is doing prosperously. Address 20 and 22 West Third Street, 
Dayton, Ohio. 
"The engagement of Wallace Ralph Hall, of Newton Highlands, to Miss 
Edith A. Swett, of Newton Centre, Mass., was formally announced 
at a heart party given at her home Dec. 27, 1906. Mr. Hall gradu- 
ated from Tech with the 1906 class in civil engineering, and has since 
been employed by the New York Contracring Company." 
Late in the fall Elmer E. Harrington (III.) came East from Great Falls, 
Mont., to his home near Boston, bound "on an errand." When he 
called at the Insritute, he appeared quite happy. 
Among those who took advantage of the M. I. T. Summer School of Mining 
and Metallurgy, June-July, 1906, were Ralph Hayden, Marden W. 
Hayward, and Angelo T. Heywood, all Course III. During the re- 
mainder of the summer Hayden was engaged with Professor Richards 
at the Insritute on United States Geological Survey work. During the 
first term he has been assistant in the Mining Department. On Jan. 
14, 1907, he leaves Boston for Anaconda, Mont., where he will be 
assistant in the testing laboratory of the Anaconda Copper MiniAg^ 
Company. Hayward spent part of the summer in the Maine wood%. 

News from the Classes 




and returned to study at the Institute in the Geological Course, 
the Summer School, Heywood was assistant for Professor Richar 
ptivate work at the Institute until September i, when he began his 
present work as assistant to the Registrar, with location at the Informa- 
tion Desk., Rogers Building. 

' '■ !kley (XI.) was out in St. Paul, his home, for a week's 


> Boston from Pittsburg ii 

On On. 8, 1906, 
sur-Saone, France, 

Leon E. Hirt (III.) made a couple o; 

the fall. 
Patrick J. Kennedy, Jr. (II.) was seen in Boston Christ 
Jorge Lage (II.), Hha do Viana, Rio de Janeiro. Brazil. 

Lage was married to Mile. Elisabeth Perrin.Chalon 
Fay W. Libbey (III.) was seen in Boston about Christn 
Paul Lincoln (III.) is reported to hav 

a mining district. 
During the latter part of November, William H. Lincoln (I.) visited Boston. 

He is with the Penn., N.Y. & L. I. R.R., engaged on freezing tests 

for tunnel work under the rivers. William Couper (I.) is with him. 

Lincoln also repons that George F. Hobson (XI.), with Albert F. 

Bancroft (HI.), '07 (who played so well in Tech shows), are located at 

tl Pearson Street, Long Island City, N.Y., on the Long Island end 

of the work. 
A loyal voice comes up from Culebra, in the Canal Zone, Panama. Roben 

J. Lyons (XIII.) signs "1906 forever." 
James R. McClintock (XI.) was in Pittsburg a short rime ago on the 

business of his firm, Messrs. Hering& Fuller of New York. 
Richard V. McKay (HI.), now with the Pennsylvania Steel Company, 

visited his home in East Milton, Mass., during Christmas week. 
Herbert J. Mann (II.) is reported to have eloped with "Begum's Daugh- 
ter." We trust he will return (he book to the General Library in due 

John E. Murphy (IIL), mining engineer with the Oliver Iron Mining Com- 
pany, Bovey, Minn., has changed from the Holman Mine to the Atc- 
turus Mine. 

"Dick" Polhcmus (III.) visited home at Christmas week on his way from 
New Jersey 10 Missouri. He was looking very well. 

From the Ttcb, Jan. 2, 1907: "The announcement of ihe engagement of 
James Reed, Jr., assistant naval constructor, United States Navy, 
attached to the Boston Navy Yard, and Miss Laura C. Maltby, of 
Jamestown, N.Y., has been made. Mr. Reed, in conjuncrion with his 
work at this place, is doing graduate work in naval architecture at 

Guy C. Simpson (I.) after leaving school spent the first two months on a 
very interesting automobile trip through New England. On Septem- 
ber I he started in with the Pennsylvania Railroad at Columbus, and 
il now doing construction and estimate work in connection with main- 
tenance of way on the Indianapolis division. 

154 The Technology 

Everett C. Stanton (VI.), who is in the students' course, £ng;ineering De- 
partment of the New fjigland Telephone & Telegraph Company, 
Boston, Mass., has been working in that part of New Hampshire south 
of Lake Winnepesaukee, and has also been at work in Worcester, 
Mass. Among the steps in the student course are: (i) shop work and 
repairs on small-size instruments; (2) construction on large scale, in- 
cluding either building or testing; (3) traffic work, which includes 
operating; future growth, etc. 

Nat White (XIII.) is at the Cramps' shipyard in Philadelphia. 

Edward L. Wilson (II.), 616 East Capitol Street, Washington, D.C., is 
draughtsman with S. Homer Wood bridge on heating and ventilating 
the National Museum. He has also been up to Syracuse, N.Y., doing 
inspection work on the Onondaga County Court and Power Houses, 
and was home for Christmas. 

George C. Young (II.) is now superintending in water foundation work, 
Neponset Bridge, Neponset River, Mass. 

The resident secretary wishes to acknowledge the aid from '06 
men of the Civil Engineering Department of M. I. T. towards 
the preparadon of the geographical register for this issue of the 

The secretaries regret that lack of space in this number prevents 
the publicadon of letters received from P. B. Sadder, ''Bob'' Hursh, 
W. P. Terrell, "Hank" Mears, "Wet," N. P. Gerhard, and "BiU" 

Down in Pittsburg the fellows have got together well. Carroll 
A. Farwell writes: — 

We had a very successful litde reunion at Hotel Duquesne, Pittsburg, 
on the evening of Saturday, January 5. There were twenty-eight Tech men 
present: G. K. Newbury, '98; H. C. Crowell, '03; W. R. Davis, '03; W. H. 
Koppelman, '04; C. W. Babcock, '05; C. L. Dean, '05; E. B. Hill, '05; 
W. G. Housekeeper, '05; J. Davis, Jr., '05; H. C. Kendall, '05; E. N. 
Lyon, '05; A. J. Manson, '05; L. M. Pease, '05; W. F. Smart, '05; A, O. 
True, '05; W. Turner, '05; E. E. Woodbury, '05; F. R. Batchelder, '06; 
C. T. Bartlett, '06; S. T. Carr, '06; J. J. Cartagena, '06; E. P. Chase, '06; 
G. L. Davenport, Jr., '06; C. A. Farwell, '06; J. W. Kahn, '06; W. J. 
Knapp, '06; R. Seyms, '06; and P. B. Stanley, '06. No attempt was made 
to have it an3rthing more than a reunion of the later graduates around 
Pittsburg. We expected G. C. Simpson, '06, from Columbus, Ohio, but 
for some reason he did not turn up. 

After the dinner, Davenport, with a Tech Song Book, presided at die 
piano for a while, and later Crowell entertained us with various selecdons. 
After chatting awhile, Turner led a "We are happy," and die crowd broke 

News from the Classes 

up. During the evening, Newbury, '98, Davis, '03, Koppelm 
'05, and Banlett, '06, were eli cted a committee 10 confer v 
Association here in Pittsburg, and to arrange for future me 
nature. Wc have to thank Bartlctt and Stanley, who arran 
for a very pleasant evening, and hope that the c 

The Income Fund, which has already begun to give to the Insti- 
tute the aid which it is designed to afford, has been chiefly subscribed 
by the classes preceding 1906. The Income Fund Committee did 
not formally solicit our class for pledges to the fund, as its campaign 
was practically ended before our graduating. Many 1906 men 
have signified their wish to join the good work, and the Committee, 
learning this, has expressed its appreciation of this loyal spirit. 
It will gladly welcome subscriptions from 1906, and will co-operate 
with our secretaries in every way in securing from our class as 
adequate an expression of our desire to assist the Institute as our 
means permit. 

The Income Fund, it will be remembered, was called imo exist- 
ence by the agitation against the proposed merger with Harvard 
two years ago, when it became necessary to prove (hat the Institute 
was financially able to meet all reasonable demands of the future. 
In June, 1906, the fund amounted to more than $275,000. The 
wants which the fund was calculated to supply are very real and 
pressing. To borrow the words of the committee, they are: — 

1st. Additional land and buildings. 

id. Money with which to pay such salaries as are necessary to 
command the services of the best men for the instructing staff. 

3d. Additional laboratory equipment in practically every depart- 

Tile Institute needs all the financial aid available, and there is 
every reason for 1906 to do its share. Accordingly, if those men 
who feel they can afford it will please address either of the secre- 
taries, they will be furnished with information, blanks, etc., by 
ihe Fund Committee. 

1 1 is a good cause, and every little helps. 

It may have been remarked that the consdtudan, in to far as 


156 The Technology 

it applies to the election of officers, has been allowed to lapse. This 
was done in order that the machinery of the class work after gradu- 
ation might be gotten fairly under way before a change was made 
in organization. 

To be loyal to the Institute, we must keep our class organization 
strong. To have a strong class organization requires the interest 
of the members. Members take interest only when something 
is being done by the class. No one cares to be busy unless there 
is some real work in sight and a definite, practical object to be 
gained. It is, therefore, evident that the problem of organization 
brings with it the question of what particular life-work our class 
proposes to take up for its alunmi career. Before any change is 
made, the matter is open for general discussion. The secretaries 
wish that the members would write to them, and state their 
opinions on the subject. 

Of the classes previous to 1906, some hold annual elections, 
others do not. Some elect their secretaries annually, others make 
no change 1906 is the only class with a resident and non-resident 
secretary. Our class is large in number, reaching nearly 600. If 
it is to do anything or engage in any work, there must be a suffi- 
cient number of officers to serve the class efficiently. Any system 
of government should allow distribution of the work, iso as to bear 
lightly on each officer. If no officer were unduly burdened, it 
would be possible to hold each one responsible for the performance 
of his proper duties. Each one could then do justice to the work 
allotted him. 

We have ties of association and relations now existing between 
us all which make our class a well-fitted and valuable body to 
perform work. Our class organization should be such that, when 
the work presents itself to be done, it will not be a case of one or 
two members rising to the occasion, but of a sufficient number of 
officers being found in readiness to perform their parts. 

Members are urged to give their attention to the above points. 

Book Reviews 




The book on Plane Surveying published by Messrs. Breed and 
Hosmer of the Civil Engineering Department last year is an excel- 
lent example of a text-book which has been evolved from extended 
experience in teaching and in practical work combined. It is a rare 
thing, especially in civil engineering, to have a text-book prepared 
by men who have been teachers as well as practical civil engineers. 
We have text-books written by teachers whose lack of practical ex- 
perience leads them to put much stress on problems and methods 
of work which practice has long discredited. We have the so-called 
■'self-made" civil engineer issuing handbooks, full of rules of thumb 
and minute directions for very special work, without any proper ex- 
planation of the fundamental principles underlying the applied 
science. In haste to rush into print, it is quite common for new 
teachers to write text-books before they have been tried by the criti- 
cism of their pupils. The ideal method is to issue notes, have them 
corrected and criticised by the students through a period of several 
years. There is no criticism so searching as that which comes from 
the class-room. Both Mr. Breed and Mr. Hosmer have been teachers 
and practical surveyors and engineers ever since their graduation 
from the Institute. Their combined experience in practical work 
covers the entire field of surveying with the possible exception of 
prantcal mining work. 

The use of fac-simile copies of actual field notes is an especially 
valuable feature of this book. I believe all the drawings in the book 
are fac-similes of pen drawings; it s^ms to me that this is an 
important item in conveying the idea of reality, and it is a great stim- 
ulus towards neatness of work. When a text-book is illustrated by 
engravings executed to a great extent mechanically, the student 
makes allowance for this fact, and never dreams of reaching the 
same excellence in his own work. 

158 The Technology Review 

of the chapters and the grouping of topics 
rr suitable; and, while it differs from the generally 
of a text-book on survejring, it is really in 
fer study and reference. 
The chj p ms relating to astronomical determinations and topo- 
graphical im t ctiu g contain all that is necessary for the ordinary 
survevor. It is possible, however, that a brief account of the methods 
at flcvfia neasurcnients could profitably be added without increasing 
ffodf the size of the book. The chapters on levelling and on 
work are eminently practical, and show extensive field ex- 
Thc chapter on plotting is new and complete. The 
of lettering and conventional signs are simple and effec- 

Ota the whole, I think this is the best text-book on plane surveying 
the market. Alfred £. Burton, 

Professor Topographical Engineering. 

*'tsrraces of the west river, brattleboro, vt." 

^vcedings of the Boston Society of Natural History. By Eliza- 
beth F. Fisher, M. I. T. '96, Associate Professor of Geology 
at Wellesley College. 

This paper presents the results of a careful survey and study of 

jh interesting succession of terraces formed, in no unusual way, by 

the meanderings of a stream during periods of erosion. This 

in^-estigation was made attraaive by a recent theory of Hugh 

Miller and more elaborately discussed by Professor W. M. Davis. 

The ihci>rv accounts for the wanderings of the rivers at suc- 

crssivelv lower and lower levels, the changes of direction being 

Jetrrmined bv rock ledges. It was one object of the survey to 

determine whether this was exemplified in the succession of 

terraces at Brattleboro, Vt., and the test has sustained the theory. 

In the priK-ess of terrace formation Miss Fisher observed that an- 

i>thrr action had taken place, not defined by the theory. This action 

has been called by Miss Fisher the partition process which is caused 

Book Reviews 


idiTies by the division or partition of the stream into two or more 
courses and the production of an island between the branchings. 
The work may be carried so far as to produce a plain which Miss 
Fisher has called a partition plain, the development of which she 
has described. It is in this portion of her paper that the publication 
rises to the importance of a positive contribution to science, for it 
has not been so completely defined and thoroughly illustrated in 
other publications. It should be noticed that the careful survey 
with the transit was made by Miss Fisher personally, and this is 
well recorded in a map showing the river terraces at Bratlleboro, 
with the outcrops of rock indicated upon it. This map is probably 
the most detailed and accurately constructed map that has been 
made of any location for the purpose of showing this phase of river 
action. She also g^ves eight plates representing different stages in 
the development of the terraces, and three photographic illustra- 
OMis of the features described. The care and thoroughness with 
which this work has been done and the clearness of its presentation 
are such that the paper will have a standard value with all 
Students of river terraces. 


One of the most important problems of the Institute 
to-<lay, and one that has been widely discussed, is how to 
provide its students opportunities for social development in 
conjunction with a thorough technical training. It is gen- 
erally conceded that technical proficiency is not enough to 
insure the highest success. A man must not only be a 
good engineer, he must also know how to deal effectively 
with men. While few would question the value of the 
scientific training that is given to Tech men or desire that 
its standards should be lowered, many do regret that our 
graduates are often deficient in those qualities that make 
for leadership. Anything that would increase their efficiency 
should be fostered by the authorities. 

One phase of this subject has so recently been empha- 
sized by Mr. Litchfield in an atticle in the October number 
of the Review, in which he makes a plea for "An Appren- 
ticeship for Business Responsibility," that it seems an op- 
portune moment in which to draw attention to an institu- 
tion which has been for many years a feature of the hfe of 
Technology, and which has been a force working in the de- 
sired direction. I refer to fraternities. 

To understand the position of fraternities to-day, it is 



162 The Technology Review 

necessary to know something of their history. The earliest 
Greek letter secret society, the Phi Beta Kappa, was founded 
at William and Mary G>llege, Virginia, in 1776. The 
meetings were of a literary character, and at them essays 
were read, orations delivered, and subjects debated. Its 
secrecy consisted in a ritual, motto and grip, with a pin as 
an outward emblem. In 1831 its secrecy was abandoned, 
and the society assumed the character that is so well known 
to-day, membership being confined to honor m^n, usually 
of the Senior Qass. 

The fraternity system as it exists to-day dates from 1825. 
In that year a society called Kappa Alpha was formed. 
During the next few years other fraternities sprang into 
existence, but the movement was confined to the East until 
1835. By 1840 the system had become national. To-day 
there exist thirty-one college fraternities for men, with one 
thousand active chapters distributed among the colleges and 
universities of the land, with a total membership of 180,000. 
With the growth of the fraternity system have come the 
chapter houses or lodges, numbering approximately 660, 
of which 290 are owned. The value of fraternity property 
of all kinds is estimated at from 1^4,000,000 to 1^5,000,000. 

Before the Civil War there was in most fraternities no 
central organization for the general supervision of fraternity 
affairs, the chapters being bound together merely by a com- 
mon name and certain customs and traditions. As the 
fraternities grew in size and influence, the need of better 
organization became imperative, and led to the holding of 
conventions, usually annually, delegates being chosen to 
represent the various chapters. These conventions gen- 
erally possess supreme legislative power, although the ad- 
ministration of the fraternity, and at times the judicial func- 
tions, are vested in a council consisting of prominent alumni. 

Fraternities and Their Place in Institute Life 163 

With such an oi^anization, each chapter forms one link in a 
chain. The council endeavors to make every Hnk a strong 
one by close supervision, and the chapters in turn have a pride 
in standing well in the eyes of the officials and the fraternity 
at large. 

With the spread of the fraternity idea it was to be expected 
that criticism would develop. Although some of this criti- 
cism was well founded, the major part was entirely un- 
justified. As an illustration, I may mention the outcry 
against the secrecy of fraternities. It is true that the meetings 
are open only to members and alumni, that the constitution, 
motto, and grip are carefully guarded. With these ex- 
ceptions there is in most cases no attempt at secrecy. The 
chapter houses are open to friends, and guests are enter- 
tained there as in any private home or club-house. More- 
over, the song book, histories, monthly journal, and fraternity 
catalogue are always at the disposal of the public. 

Whatever criticism may now and then be heard, the fact 
remains that the fraternity has become a hxture and a 
decided factor in our American scheme of education. This 
is evident from the rapid growth of fraternities and the 
powerful and active support of the alumni membership, 
including, as it does, many of the most prominent and in- 
fluential men of this country. It is, therefore, of interest 
to team for what this institution stands and the influence 
that it aims to exert. Something of its object may be 
gathered from the name fraternity, "a banding together 
for mutual interest and affection, a brotherly regard and 
sympathy for one another, regardless of relationships by 
blood." The fraternity brings the college boy into close 
association with a group of his fellow-students, every one 
of whom is bound to work for the best good of every other 
member. Literary, professional and debating societies. 

164 The Technology Review 

though excellent in their way, have none of the peculiar 
qualities that make the strength of the fraternities. In them 
students are associated with one another, but the tie is a 
loose one, and carries nothing of the obligation of one mem- 
ber to another which is such an important feature of the 
fraternity bond. As a consequence, they cannot develop 
to the same degree comradeship and mutual helpfulness 
during the college course, nor can they have the same in- 
fluence in perpetuating the interest of their members in their 
Alma Mater after graduation. It is a custom of the fraterni- 
ties in many colleges to hold at commencement time re- 
unions which bring back yearly to the college many alumni 
and former students who would otherwise rarely revisit the 
school, and who are thus kept in closer touch with its 
development and needs. The fraternity connection is thus 
often the link which binds the graduate to his college. 

If fraternities are of benefit to the college man, they must be 
to a still greater extent to the Technology man, who has so 
few social opponunities. Since the Institute does not pro- 
vide dormitories and many of the students are forced to seek 
lodgings in boarding-houses throughout the city, where the 
influences are often not of the best, any organization that 
ofl^ers to even a few students home environments should be 
welcomed. The fraternities, especially those maintaining 
chapter houses, afl^ord their members a good home with 
attractive surroundings, congenial companionship, and 
plenty of wholesome food, alt at a moderate cost. Further- 
more, the responsibility that the men feel for the reputation 
of their chapter is, I believe, an incentive to right living and 
good scholarship. 

It is occasionally asserted that the fraternity houses at the 
Institute are frequently places for riotous living, and that the 
life in them is detrimental to scholarship. These chaises 

Fraternities and Their Place in Institute Life 165 

are usually made by men who have neither enjoyed the 
advantages of fraternity life nor investigated the conditions 
that actually prevail. The criticism is the more serious be- 
cause of the injustice it does to a large number of young fel- 
lows who are striving to uphold the ideals of their chapters 
and of the Institute, and who desire to win the respect and 
regard of the Instructing Staff and the student body. While 
there have been in the past a few chapters that did not frown 
on drinking and dissipation, and though there are one or two 
such to-day, 1 know, from actual observation and through 
consultation with representatives of the chapters and their 
alumni, that in the majority of fraternity houses either no 
liquor of any kind is permitted, or beer only at smokers and 
reunions. Out of fourteen chapters possessing fraternity 
houses, five allow no liquor of any kind in the chapter house, 
seven allow beer only on special occasions, while two have 
no rule in regard to thematter. For a Freshman who has any 
tendency towards dissipation the daily comradeship of a 
group of fine fellows, all interested in his welfare, must as- 
suredlybe a more helpful influence than the life in an ordinary 
boarding-house. And it is especially during the first years 
of his Institute course, when there is a danger that his newly 
acquired freedom and independence may lead to excesses, 
that the fraternity proves of unquestioned value. 

Perhaps the most satisfactory way to meet the criticism 
concerning the detrimental effect of fraternity life on scholar- 
ship is to draw attention to the position that the fraternities 
themselves are taking on this question. The spirit that per- 
vades most of the chapter houses Is one of serious work. 
There is frequently a rule, cither written or unwritten, that 
all music and noisy forms of amusement shall cease at eight 
o'clock, so that quiet shall prevail for the benefit of those 
desiring to study. Moreover,in most chapters it is customary 

1 66 The Technology Review 

for two or three of the upper class men to examine the five 
weeks' report of standing of their members in the Freshmen 
and frequently the Sophomore classes, and, whenever the 
record is in any way unsatisfactory, to bring the requisite 
influence to bear to improve it. That important work has 
been accomplished in this way, the Dean and various mem- 
bers of the Instructing Staff can bear witness. The fraternity 
man has, undoubtedly, more distractions than a student 
living by himself outside, yet there is nothing about the life 
in a fratemitv house that should interfere with the mainten- 
ance of an excellent record. Moreover, those very distrac- 
tions tend to keep the men mentally refreshed, active, and 
alert, and frequently are of a nature to supplement to ad- 
vantage the essentially technical training of the Institute. 

In this connection I wish to draw attention to the fact that 
many of the fraternities offer their members some opportuni- 
ties for training along literary and administrative lines. The 
policy pursued differs in the various chapters, but about half 
of them make a literary program an important feature of 
their meetings, and endeavor in this way to give some prac- 
tice in the presentation of papers, in debating and extempo- 
raneous speaking. It is to be regretted that this practice is 
not universally followed. In all chapters an excellent chance 
is given to become familiar with parliamentary procedure, 
and the frequent informal dinners and alumni reunions afford 
some training in after-dinner speaking. The administra- 
tion of the chapter houses is based on sound business prin- 
ciples. In most cases the management is intrusted to two 
committees, one to take charge of the house and the other of 
the table. The former looks after the leasing of rooms, 
the collection of rents, and the payment of the running ex- 
penses, including the wages of servants : the second has super- 
vision of the table, including the purchase of supplies. Both 

Fraternities and Their Place in Institute Life 167 

committees are responsible to the chapter, and their accounts 
are audited. The men recognize the value of the experience 
gained in serving on these committees, and are glad to shate 
in the work as far as their time permits. In a few cases 
it has been found that personal supervision of the table, 
including daily marketing and planning of the meals, de- 
mands more time than a student can well afford to give. 
Consequently, in these cases this important work has been put 
into the hands of a steward or a housekeeper. 

The grovFth of Greek letter societies at the Institute has 
been a steady one. In 1885-86 the membership was 52, or 
8.5 per cent, of the student body, while in 1905-06 the mem- 
bership had risen to 335, or 22.4 per cent. At present there 
are sixteen fraternities represented. Fourteen of these 
support chapter houses, all situated in the most desirable 
residential districts. Nearly two hundred men, or 55 
per cent, of the total fraternity membership, live in these 
chapter houses, the average cost for board and room being 
between S35 and S40 a month, a sum not much in excess of 
that paid by most of our students for less desirable quarters. 
Of these houses, four are owned, and the remamder leased. 
That so few are owned is in part due to the agitation of the 
question of the removal of the Institute to a new site, most 
of the chapters preferring not to invest in property under 
such unsettled conditions. 

If it is acknowledged that fraternities at the Institute con- 
tain much of benefit to their members, there remains to be 
considered the important question of their influence on the 
general student body. The fear has been expressed that 
fraternity life may tend to "cliquishness" and endanger the 
splendid democratic spirit that has always been character- 
istic of Technology. There seems to be little ground for 
such anxiety at present, and there is small likelihood that 

1 68 The Technology Review 

the relations between the fraternity and non-fraternity men 
will ever assume the strained and unnatural attitude that 
unfortunately exists in some colleges. The Institute is a 
professional school where the men are animated by a definite 
purpose, and the seriousness of the work leaves them little 
time for social jealousies. Fraternity and non-fraternity men 
are found working together in the various student activities, 
such as the Techy KommerSy Show, athletic meets, Qass 
Day, and so forth, and the testimony that I have gathered 
indicates the friendliest feeling between the two sets. What 
is needed at the Institute to foster a democratic spirit and to 
draw all groups together is a club-house where the men can 
gather for recreation and general sociability. This need will 
be supplied when we have the Walker Memorial. Until 
then it is natural for fraternity men to withdraw to their 
chapter houses, where they find attractive and comfortable 
surroundings and congenial companions. These advantages 
they show a disposition to share with those outside their 
circle, as is apparent by frequent informal smokers, at which 
are to be found many non-fraternity men and members of the 
Instructing Staff, as well as representatives of other fraterni- 
ties. The spirit of good fellowship that prevails at these 
gatherings is an evidence of the good feeling that exists 
among all classes of students at the Institute. 

George V. Wendell, '92. 




As an exercise in paragraph writing, in the first year 
English Composition work this term, two hundred and fifty 
Freshmen wrote briefly answers to this group of questions: 
"How did you, having decided upon a technical education, 
come to choose the Institute from among technical schools ? 
Was your choice mainly your own or that of parents ? Had 
you or your parents acquaintance with graduates of the 
Institute ? Was the choice influenced By school-mates or 
teachers ?" Although the answers were not definite enough 
to be of statistical accuracy, and probably were further de- 
ficient because the boys could neither understand nor 
remember the complex of influences that determined the 
choice of their college, these paragraph replies, especially 
in points wherein they generally agree, give interesting 
and, it may be supposed, trustworthy information. Several 
impressions derived from reading the replies may be of in- 
terest to Technology graduates. 

Noticeable, first of all, is the indication that the choice of 
their college was determined rather more commonly by the 
boys than by their parents. Many parents are reported to 
have directed the choice, being, in several cases, themselves 
former students or graduates. A considerable number, 
however, merely suggested or urged, without determining 
a choice of the Institute; and a very large number are re- 
ported to have acquiesced, with more or less warmth of 
approval, in the son's selection. A few are credited with a 
rather ignominious indifference; and a very few seem even 
to have objected. Of these last, two are apparently un- 
reconciled; a third was converted by his son's assurance that 

170 The Technology Review 

he ** meant business/' and so belonged in Tech; another, 
converted from a preference for Yale, insisted on Tech when 
the boy, reciprocally, became converted to Yale. Possibly 
these boys have often supposed themselves responsible for a 
choice really that of their parents; but the enthusiasm in 
the replies would seem to indicate a real initiative and, to an 
unusual degree among college sub-Freshmen, preference of 
career and definiteness of purpose. 

The determining reasons are, in almost every case, many. 
An obvious one for a considerable number is neighborhood; 
twenty include it as one among other influences; twenty- 
five call it the determining reason. Curiously few, in speak- 
ing of the Institute as the only college near enough for them 
to attend while remaining near or living at home, seem to 
have considered engineering courses at Tufts or the Lawrence 
Scientific School, the Sheffield School or Worcester Poly- 

"General reputation" is the consideration most com- 
monly mentioned. Very many assign this reason without 
more definite explanation; a few allege it as the sole reason; 
some as the initial influence, more as the determining reason. 
That "general reputation" spreads far is evidenced by the 
fact that one student was thus attracted from South America; 
that it may, though vague, be influential is shown by the 
fact that two students were dissuaded by it from a previous 
choice of other schools. 

An appreciable element in the "general reputation" of the 
Institute is the newspaper paragraph. Mention is made 
by several of particular news items that were to them of 
significance influential in their choice, — items about the 
foreign government pupils, about the United States Govern- 
ment pupils at Tech, about "the feats of Tech graduates," 
or Mr. Edison's remarks in the Sun. 

Recruiting 1 71 

The catalogue is mentioned by some half-dozen replies. 
One sent by a cousin to an Egyptian boy dissuaded him 
from his previous choice, Cornell. One English father, in 
doubt, was confirmed, the son says, by the Institute "pro- 

Among personal influences, surprisingly frequent mention 
is made of that of schoolmates, boys intending to enter 
Tech who influence their classmates to come also, or boys 
already undergraduates in Tech who influence friends still 
in school. Of such many are mentioned as Initiating the 
writer's choice, still more as determining, a few even as dis- 
suading from some previous choice, — from Cornell, from 
Vale, from Lawrence Scientific, which was urged by the 
school principal for the benefit of its college life. 

The influence of school-teachers is considerable in deter- 
mining a boy's choice of his college. With some boys, — 
one a German, another a Spanish-American, — the teacher 
initiated the selection; in a large number of cases the advice 
of teachers was decisive. A teacher of English is reported 
solely to have determined one boy; another teacher, gradu- 
ate of Dartmouth, was similarly influential; one dissuaded a 
boy from previous choice of the University of Pennsylvania; 
and another dissuaded an Ecuador boy from technical edu- 
cation in Paris. Two teachers are reported to have advised 
against Tech, one " because it is too hard," a second because 
he preferred Dartmouth, "though he acknowledged the 
high standard of Tech," One teacher recommended Tech 
only as supplementary to previous, academic training. 

i he personal influence much the most frequently men- 
tioned is that of the Technology graduates. Of the parents 
who directed their son's choice, several were graduates or 
former students, and very many were influenced by ac- 
quaintance with graduates. Of the boys responsible for 


172 The Technology Review 

cbcir own choice, numbers declare acquaintance with 
graduates die initial reason for their choice; and, among 
these* two were Spanish-American, one a Belgian, and one a 
German. Graduates are menrioned as decisive influences 
in a great many cases, in eleven of which the graduates were 
brothers to the boys so persuaded. Foreign pupils are 
frequently mendoned as sending to Tech other boys of their 
own nationality. Graduates are in some cases said to have 
changed a previous choice, one dissuading a Harvard parent 
from sending his boy to the Lawrence Scientific School. 
One bov came to choose Tech because his sister was ac- 
quainted with Technology graduates. 

Several contributory influences were mentioned, hard to 
classify among any of the previous groups. Three answers 
declare, rather desperately, that among technical schools 
the writers chose Tech because they "didn't know any 
other"; one writer asserts, refreshingly, that he came be- 
cause it was "so hard to get in"; another, cautiously, that he 
hasn't chosen any engineering course yet, and Tech gives him 
the widest leeway for changing his mind; another, confid- 
ingly, that he was sent to the Institute because papa knew 
Mr. Rand. 

An impression disconcertingly emphatic is the almost in- 
variable insistence on money. That a boy should eagerly 
desire a profession which will secure for him as promptly as 
possible capacity to secure an honorable living is completely 
gratifying; but it is seriously to be remarked that, for the 
undergraduate mind, money seems to have an appeal to the 
exclusion of any consideration of human serviceableness or of 
intellectual delight in knowledge efficiently applied. 

Most remarkable is the degree of influence for good or for 
evil exercised by the Institute graduates. It is demonstrably 
no mere piece of pedagogical piety to say that the name and 

Recruiting 1 73 

success of Technology depend mainly on the conduct of the 
alumni, — on their willingness to acknowledge and their 
eagerness to reward the service the Institute rendered them 
in training them. Those who cannot yet contribute largely 
from their earnings can render service none the less genuine 
by enthusiasm and sacrifice in maintaining esprit de corps 
in graduate meetings and associations, in extending by every 
legitimate means that subtly influential '^general reputation/' 
and in conducting, unofiiciously, the constant recruiting 
which should send to Tech the most promising and de- 
sirable boys of scientific taste out of every community. 

Henry L. Seaver. 

174 The Technology Review 


It is understood that after the present year Professor Will- 
iam Otis Crosby is to devote himself to original research and 
to expert work. These have been such important features 
in his past activity that it seems to be an appropriate time 
to notice them in connection with his work as a teacher, now 
that he is about to relinquish the latter. 

He first became known to the Institute as a student in 
1871, but was occupied in mining in Colorado the following 
year, and returned to the Institute in 1873. The Faculty 
gave him credit for the studies he was making until he be- 
came a regular student, and graduated in the class of 1876 
in Natural History, as Course VII. was then called. His 
ability as an investigator was brought before the Faculty 
of the Institute by his graduating thesis upon the "Geology 
of Eastern Massachusetts." 

He was assistant in palaeontology in 1877, and in 1878 
was made assistant in geology and palaeontology. At that 
time he began to teach classes in geology and mineralogy. 
His work as a teacher of geology was much benefited by his 
work in research. Each day when he returned from his 
field studies he brought with him specimens which gave 
character and practical value to his work as instructor. At 
first the Institute possessed no geological collections of value, 
nor could it afford to make appropriations for their pur- 
chase, but he accomplished much by his success as a col- 
lector. The district about Boston is a rich field for one in 

A Sketch of Professor Crosby's Work 175 

quest of the different kinds of rock specimens. These he 
gathered until he has been enabled to place before each 
member of his classes selected specimens of each of the 
leading kinds of the rocks of the globe. These have been 
studied in classes under his personal direction, and the stu- 
dents have thus acquired a practical knowledge of their 
characteristics. Thus his instructions have been conducted 
in the fullest spirit of the educational work at our Institute. 
Professor Crosby has been called a bom collector, but 
the writer thinks of him as an experienced, enthusiastic, and 
scientific collector. His gathering of the numerous speci- 
mens of the characteristic rocks of so many species in East- 
em Massachusetts has had another bearing upon his work 
at the Institute. Exchanges were freely made, and in that 
way he acquired for the Institute a considerable amount of 
material for the collections in mineralogy and structural 
geology. The collection in structural geology which has 
been made by him and is now at the Institute is one of very 
unusual value for teaching, and men in other institutions 
have frequently spoken of it with great admiration. A 
large and representative collection of ores and non-metallic 
products of the mining regions west of the Mississippi 
River, including Alaska, has been made by the individual 
labors of Professor Crosby with little expense to the Insti- 
tute. The collection of minerals as it was transferred by him 
to Professor Warren was well supplied with excellent ma- 
terial, considerable of which was collected by him at the 
various mineral-producing regions. His journeys were exten- 
sive; for the region about Boston gives almost no specimens 
considered by mineralogists suitable for a collecton. The 
Institute also became able to make appropnations which as- 
sisted Professor Crosby in making journeys and in the pur- 
chase of foreign materials not accessible to a collector in 

176 The Technology Review 

this country. But it is largely due to Professor Crosby's 
industry' and generosity that the Institute owes its excellent 
collections in mineralogy, lithology, structural geology, and 
especially in economic geology. 

Professor Crosby's researches upon the "Geology of 
Eastern Massachusetts," which he began before his grad- 
uation and still continues, make an essential feature in his 
life-work. The geology of this district is of such an ex- 
ceedingly complicated character, and the study of it requires 
such familiarity with many of the most difficult problems, 
that one must necessarily devote a large amount of time to 
its interpretation. He has been unsparing in his efforts in 
this direction, and it can certainly be said of him that no 
person has ever known all the details and individual features 
of this region so intimately as Professor Crosby. In this 
way he has contributed much to the advancement of the 
science of geology. He acted as assistant in mineralogy and 
geology for the Boston Society of Natural History for more 
than twenty years, and the Institute collections were much 
enriched by mutual agreement of the two institudons and 
his united labors. The Boston Society of Natural History 
is now publishing his continued work upon the "Geology 
of the Boston Basin," in eight parts. Three of these parts 
have already been published, the fourth is nearly ready for 
the press; but the remaining four parts are yet dependent 
upon the continued activity of their author. It will thus be 
seen that Professor Crosby is now to have a better oppor- 
tunity for completing this monumental piece of geologic 
work than he could have had if he were to have continued 
to give instruction to the classes at the Institute. When this 
is completed, the Institute will have even greater reason than 
it has at present for being proud of the labors of one of its 
active scientific men. 

Also Professor Crosby has been sought for a large amount 
of expert work as a practical geologist. In addition to the 
numerous services he has rendered to minmg companies he 
has been the geologist of the Metropolitan Water Board, and 
for the most important work of the New York Board of 
Water Supply for Greater New York. 

Professor Crosby is emphatically a Technology man. 
Here he has been a student, a student assistant, and grad- 
uate. He has been department assistant, Instructor, assist- 
ant professor, associate professor, and full professor, thus 
filling in order the complete line of appointments which the 
Institute can offer to any man in active work. His uniform 
good health and his enduring strength, together with his 
relief from teaching and his established rank as a man of 
science, promise much for his further usefulness. 

William H. Niles. 

178 The Technology Review 


On the 1 2th of March Dr. R. A. Daly, of Ottawa, was 
called to become Professor of Physical Geology at the In- 
stitute, and Dr. Daly has accepted the appointment, to take 
effect Oct. I, 1907. The new chair has a twofold sig- 
nificance, — it marks the importance of earth physics to 
engineers and inaugurates the establishment of a research 
laboratory of physical geology at the Institute. The policy 
of the Department of Geology is to serve with as great 
efficiency as possible the Courses in Mining and in Civil 
Engineering. The main work of both these professions 
deals with physical geology in all its phases. 

The man called to occupy this post is a combined scholar, 
field worker, and thinker of new principles. He is the prod- 
uct of the example of two great masters in geology who were 
his teachers, — Josiah Dwight Whitney and Nathaniel South- 
gate Shaler. From the former Daly won inspiration con- 
cerning men and books, from the latter the point of view 
which sees the earth as a physical laboratory. From both 
of them he learned teaching, especially from Professor Shaler, 
who was the most successful teacher of geology this country 
has produced. Dr. Daly has shown in all his work the 
inspiration of Whitney, — in his love of books, his careful 
thoroughness in library research, his wide learning in the 
scholarship of Europe. On the other hand, Professor 
Shaler's guidance is evidenced in his field work. Every- 
thing which Professor Daly has published has been based 
on extended field investigation. It is the kind of investiga- 
tion, moreover, which attacks problems, not the sort which 
merely maps areas. He.has a horror of what he aptly calls 

Reginald Aldworth Daly 


"stamp -collecting" in geology, — merely recording unre- 
lated facts. Beginning in the mountains of New England, 
he attacked without hesitation the most profound problem in 
geology, — the origin of granite. His field work has since 
included Nova Scotia, Labrador, the Caucasus, Italy, 
Switzerland, Germany, France, and Great Britain, a section 
six hundred miles long in the north-western Cordillera, and 

Dr. Daly was bom on May 19, 1871, at Napanee, Ontario. 
He graduated from Victoria College in Ontario in 1891. 
At Harvard he took the degree of Master of Arts in 1893 
and Doctor of Philosophy in 1896. In 1896 he was awarded 
the Parker travelling fellowship, and studied with Rosen- 
busch, Goldschmidt, Suess, Penck, and Fouque in Heidel- 
berg, Vienna, and Paris. From 1893 to 1895 he assisted 
Professor Shaler in his famous course, " Geology 4." From 
1898 to 1901, as instructor, he was occupied at Harvard with 
routine teaching of elementary courses in physical geography. 
He developed during this time an original course in Oceanog- 
raphy, which was given for three years to Harvard classes. 

His summers were always spent in original field work, 
which was productive of valuable publications. In 1898 
he travelled across Russia with a party of geologists of the 
International Congress. He made special studies in the 
Caucasus mountains, and was privileged to spend some 
days with Sir John Murray in oceanographic work on 
the Black Sea. Three papers were published as a result 
of this journey, dealing with "the Caucasus," the "Russo- 
Siberian Plain," and "Palestine as illustrating Geological 
and Geographical Controls," The summer of 1899 was 
given to a study of Nova Scotia, which resulted in a bulletin 
entitled "The Physiography of Acadia." In 1900 Professor 
Daly accompanied Professor Delabarre, of Brown University, 

i8o The Technology Review 

as geologist in the biter's expedition to the north-east coast 
of Labrador, and a geological report of this reconnaissance 
was published by the Museum in Cambridge. 

In June, 1901, Dr. Daly resigned his position in the uni- 
versity to become geologist on the Canadian Commission 
appointed to determine the boundary between the United 
States and Canada. He has since become widely known 
for his writings on the ** Mechanics of Igneous Intrusion." 
His theory is, in brief, that deep-seated igneous magmas 
originate in a basic magma of uniform composition analogous 
to basak, or gabbro. This magma, on rising, stopes its way 
through overi\4ng rocks, and assimilates the materials stoped 
out. The process of assimiladon, aided by internal differenti- 
ation, produces the many varieties of composition observed 
in nature, from granite to gabbro or from rhyolite to basalt. 
As a strong champion of ** assimiladon " in geology, he has 
held a unique place among American petrologists, who 
ha^'e mostlv been under the influence of the German and 
Norwegian ** differenriation " schools of thought, in contrast 
to the French, which inclines toward extreme "assimilation." 
Dalv, however, has adopted a middle course, based on 
his own examination of many hundred square miles of rock. 
\\l)ile he is thoroughly trained in the microscopical and 
chemical methods of the petrographer, his reasoning is 
based primarilv on what the field shows as to the physical 
relations of one rock body to another. In this he has held 
fast to the broad principles taught by Dr. Shaler, and has 
not allowed himself to be warped into merely narrow labora- 
tor\- methods, which by themselves are fatal to a strong grasp 
of the meaning of the earth's crust. 

Professor Daly's most important publications, besides 
those already mentioned, have appeared generally in the 
Journal of Geology and in the American Journal oj Science. 

Reginald Aldworth Daly i8l 

They deal with ''the classification of igneous intrusive 
bodies/' "sections in the Cascade Mountains," "Ascutney 
Mountain, Vermont," *'the porphyritic gneiss of New Hamp- 
shire," "the accordance of summit levels," and "the lime- 
less ocean of pre-Cambrian time." He published two 
mineralogical papers of fundamental importance in the 
Proceedings of the American Academy in 1 899. These were 
republished in French by the Mineralogical Society of France. 
They were the product of two years of work in foreign labora- 
tories on the optical characters and etch figures of the 
amphiboles and pyroxenes. 

T. A. Jaggar, Jr. 

1 82 The Technology 



Dr. Daly's coming to Boston is part of a movement at the Insti- 
tute to establish a Research Laboratory of Physical Geology. Funds 
for the purchase, installation, and maintenance of seismographic 
apparatus have been subscribed. The laboratory will deal with 
the engineering problems of earthquake and volcano lands, with 
direct measurement and record of earth movements and processes, 
and with exploration directed to the same ends. It is hoped that 
a substantial fund to maintain the laboratory for ten years will soon 
be assured, and that this money will come from citizens of Boston. 

The research work of the laboratory will be begun by an expe- 
dition leaving Seattle in April, 1907, to explore the Aleutian Islands. 
This exploration is financed by Boston business men. The scien- 
tific party will number six or seven, and will be led by Professor 
Jaggar as geologist. Professor H. V. Gummere, head of the De- 
partment of Mathematics at the Drexel Institute in Philadelphia, 
will be astronomer to the expedition, and will have the direction 
of magnetic work. Other members of the scientific staff are Pro- 
fessor A. S. Eakle, of the University of California, as mineralogist, 
and there will be a physician and two or three student assistants. 
Messrs. D. B. Myers and H. P. Sweeny, of the class of '08 in 
Course III., have already been selected as members of the party. 
The main object of the scientific work will be a study of Aleutian 
volcanoes, and the evidences of seismical activity shown by elevated 
or depressed shore-lines. Some attention will be given to magnetism, 
to determine local disturbances along one of the longest volcanic 
chains in the world. Measurements will be made with the land 
dip-circle, compass, and transit to determine variation, dip, and 

Travel will be by auxiliary schooner from Unalaska to Attu 
and return. There are fifty-nine volcanoes reported in the entire 

Expedition to the Aleutian Islands 183 

chain, many of which are unknown and unnamed. They range 
in elevation from four to nine thousand feet or more. Many of 
them have a record of activity. The volcano of Akutan near Dutch 
Harbor was reported active in March, 1907, and in 1906 a new 
extension of Bogoslof was visited by officers of the revenue cutter 
"Perry." This had been built up by explosions from beneath the 
waters of the sea during recent activity. As these volcanoes are 
all in United States territory, there is here an extraordinary oppor- 
tunity for Americans to make a start in scientific volcanology. It 
is hoped the United States government will eventually add volcano- 
metric and seismometric apparatus to stations of the Weather 
Bureau favorably situated for the purpose. Such measurements 
and records should eventually serve to protect human life and 
property. There is no place better suited to promote the invention 
and construction of reliable apparatus and the development of 
scientific methods of work along the lines suggested than the Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology. 

184 The Technology Review 



A Stated meeting of the Corporation was held on the afternoon 
of Wednesday, March 13. Five names having been presented by 
the Alumni Association through the Nominating Committee, and 
these names, in accordance with the By-laws, having been sub- 
mitted in print two weeks in advance of the meeting, the Corpora- 
tion by ballot elected the following term members, each to serve 
until 191 2: George W. Kittredge, ^77% Frank G. Stantial, '79; 
and George E. Hale, '90. 

Reports were presented from the visiting committees on the 
Departments of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics 
and the Department of Modem Languages and English. 

The following appointments presented by the Executive Commit- 
tee were confirmed: beginning Oct. i, 1907, Professor Reginald Aid- 
worth Daly, A.M. and Ph.D., as Professor of Physical Geology; and 
Henry Louis Jackson, '05, Course V., as Instructor in Inorganic 
Chemistry for the rest of the year, to take the place of Mr. Rolfe 
who has been granted leave of absence for the remainder of the year. 

The following memorial upon the late Samuel Cabot, prepared 
by Charles C. Jackson, was, in his absence, read by the President. 
The resolutions were unanimously adopted, and it was voted that 
they be spread upon the records. 


It 18 well worth while to set down upon the records some intimation of the 
quality and achievement of a man who, in his seventeen years of connection 
with the Corporation, has been of such essential service as has Samuel Cabot. 

He was bom Feb. 18, 1850. His parents were of our strong New England 
stock, whose traits persist from generation to generation, and who have given 
to the service of the community a succession of doctors, lawyers, and mer- 
chants of high purpose and attainment. His father was Dr. Samuel Cabot, 

I man of large sdendfic atiainmenr as a physician, surgeon, and ornitholo- 
gist. From him especially Mr. Cabot doubtless derived his powers of dose 
observation and shrewd deduction. His mother was Hannah Lowell Jack- 
son, daughter of the Patrick Tracy Jackson who built the first Merrimack 
River Dam, when such an undertaking was far more difficult than it is now, 
and who with Francis Cahot Lowell staned the manufacture of textiles at 
Lowell. Both parents were notably warm-hearted and philanthropic, and 
eicned themselves greatly (o promote the abolirion of negro slavery. 

In tS66 Mc. Cabot left the Boston Larin School, and took the four years- 
course at the Institute. In 1870 he became chemist of the Merrimack 
Manufacturing Company at Lowell. In 1873 he left this posinon, and 
spent a year at Zurich, studying under Professor Emil Kopp, with whom 
he formed a warm friendship. On returning to America, he tried unsuccess- 
fully to introduce a new chemical process, and then served a short appren- 
ticeship in the office of his uncle. Colonel Henry Lee. In 1877 he and Mr. 
Noursc formed a partnership, and purchased a factory for making lamp- 
black and ammonia in Chelsea. In 1878 he bought his partner's interest, 
and from that time until his death he devoted himself eagerly to perfecting 
his plant and to the invesrigarion of the innumerable problems of industrial 
chemistry which suggested themselves to his ever-acrive mind. 

His broad view of business requirements, as well as the quick sympathy 
which other people's difficulries always awakened in him, led him twenty 
years ago to devise and put in opetatian a remarkably successful system of 
profit-sharing which he administered with that wisdom and kindness which 
played so large a part in his nature. 

In his Ufe of experimenting he made invenrions of great usefulness. His 
use of cicosote oil as a basis for shingle stains was the foundation of a new 
and important branch of manufacture, and owed its extraordinary success 
to the thoroughness of his methods and his exceptional artistic sense. He 
ditcovcred that a thin layer of eel -grass quilled between sheets of asbestos 
paper had extraordinary propenies as a non-conductor of sound and heat, 
and was pracrically indestructible. He invented and prepared a cheap and 
efficacious disinfectant and detergent now in general use. In these and 
Other branches of manufacture his originality and technical thoroughness 
l«d 10 remarkable success. 

It is unusual to find a man so deeply engaged in business as Mr. Cabot, 
^rho, nevenhelecs, had so much leisure to devote to other interests. The 
Institute^ was vety dear to him. Fourteen years ago he was appointed 
chaifman of the Committee on the Chemical Department, and he was in- 


1 86 The Technology Review 

strumental in bringing Professor Lunge from Europe to examine it. Our 
President says he "knew his department" to a very unusual degree, and on 
several occasions he helped it with money. 

He had a profound belief in the importance of physical health to all other 
vigor, and, as a member of the Advisory Council in Athletics, he took great 
interest in all the students' sports. He gave a tract of land and twenty 
thousand dollars in money toward the purchase of more land for the athletic 
purposes of the Institute, and he gave his house in Brookline to be used 
as a dormitory. He established a fund for an annual prize for the greatest 
improvement in athledcs, and gave a silver cup on which the names of the 
victors were annually inscribed. But beyond all this was the importance 
of his influence in maintaining a high ideal in sports. 

His death was a great misfortune to the public, and especially to us, for 
he was contempladng one or two important plans for the students' benefit, 
and would doubtless have executed them. 

Although he had good construcdve faculty, and although his daily occu- 
pation was that of business, the predominant cast of his mind was sdendfic. 
He had the sciendfic man's capacity for wondering at the simplest things 
and for constandy using his imagination. He had, moreover, a strong dis- 
criminating taste for fine pictures and an accurate knowledge of the liter- 
ature and history of the Elizabethan period. But the traits which endeared 
him so greatly to us were the possession of high standards with which com- 
promise was impossible, a high disdain for meanness, a chivalric wrath, and' 
a fearlessness in thought and speech. This latter characteristic led him to 
condemn harmful persons and thiiigs very freely; but he was never suspected 
of low motives, and the fundamental gentleness and generosity of his nature 
were such that he left no enemy. 

Resolvtdf That through the death of Samuel Cabot the Massachiuettt Institute ol Tech- 
nology has lost a counsellor in whose wisdom, high-mindedness, and devotion it has long been 
accustomed to place its confidence, and to whose high example and far-«eeing generocity it 
owes the better fulfibnent of the purposes for which the Institute was founded. 


By the death of Mr. Wheeler on April 13, at the age of eighty-seven 
years, the Institute loses one of its most devoted friends. An extended 
notice of Mr. Wheeler's services to Technology will appear in the nex^ 
number of the Review. 

Professor Lanza, head of the Department of Mechanical Engineer- 
ing, has recently been decorated by the King of Italy. For scientific 
activity he has been made a Knight of the Order of St. Maurice 
and St. Lazarus. The Order of St. Maurice was founded in the 
fifteenth century, while the Order of St. Lazarus was established in 
the eleventh century. The two were united into one order in the 
sixteenth century. 

By the rules of t868 diis order rewards distinguished merit ac- 
quired in civil and military careers, in sciences, in arts, in commerce, 
and in industries. 

Notice of the appointment was sent to the Italian ambassador 
at Washington, Baron Meyer des Planches, by the Italian Minister 
of Foreign Affairs, and then to the Italian consul at Boston, Baron 
Gustavo Tosti, who presented it to Professor Lanza, together with the 
emblem- This emblem, which is worn on a green ribbon, is the 
three-leaved cross of St. Maurice, enamelled with white and placed 
over the bifurcated green cross, the ancient insignia of the Order 
of St, Lazarus. 

Professor Lanza was born in Boston in 1848, the son of Gaetano 
(born in Italy) and Mary Ann (Paddock) Lanza. He is a graduate 
of the University of Virginia, where he was for two years an Assist- 
ant Instructor in Mathematics. In 1871 he was appointed an in- 
structor at the Institute, and in i8;'3 made a member of the 
Faculty. He has been in charge of the Department of Mechan- 
ical Engineering since t88j. 

At a recent meeting it was voted that after this year the spring 
vacation be the first half or the last half of the week in which the 
X9th of April occurs, according as the 19th should fall in the former 
or the laner. 

On the report of a sub-committee appointed to consider the 
•question of the substitution of Spanish or Italian for French or 
Cierman, it was voted that it is not necessary or expedient to make 
any general changes in the entrance examinations in languages, but 


1 88 The Technology Review 

that, whenever adequate reasons are presented, substitutions may 
be allowed upon authority of the Committee on Petitions. 

At the first meeting of the National Society for the Promotion of 
Industrial Education, organized November i6, Dr. Pritchett was 
elected president. The object of the society is to bring to public 
attention the importance of industrial education as a factor in the 
industrial and educational development of the United States. 
Charles R. Richards, '85, is the secretary. 

Dr. Pritchett went, about February i, to New Orleans with a party, 
and embarked on one of the boats of the United Fruit Company, 
fitted especially for this trip, which included Central America and 
the West Indies. 

A revised edition of Professor Osborne's ''Differential and Integral 
Calculus" has recently appeared. The old book has been rearranged 
and considerably enlarged. Professor George has prepared a new 
chapter on the Integration of Rational Functions, and Professors 
Tyler and Woods are also given credit for sharing in the work. 

Professor Osborne has added a chapter on Series in the ''Differen- 
tial Calculus," and one on the simple applications of Integral Calcu* 
lus. In both branches many examples illustrating applications to 
mechanics and physics have been added. 

Professor Talbot spoke on MendeleefTs work and its importance 
to present-day chemistry before the New England section of the 
American Chemical Society on March 29. The occasion was the 
seventy-fifth regular meeting of the society. 

At the Chemists' Club, New York City, Professor Prescott lect- 
ured, March 9, before the American Chemical Society on "Applica- 
tions of Bacteriology to Industrial Chemistry." 


The Faculty has adopted a considerable revision of the courses 
in Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture. By these 
changes one of the two modern languages formerly required is 
omitted. Applied Mechanics is brou^t back into the second term 
of the second year, and the allotted time for the entire course is 

General Institute News 189 

somewhat increased to allow more opportunity for recitation. The 
time allotment for the course in Steam Engineering is considetably 
increased, to give opportunity to study the principles of the modern 
gas engine and steam turbine- In Course II. there has been added 
a course in Power Plant Design. Sixty hours of the seven hundred 
and twenty released have been added to the course in English and 
History of the second year. 

Another gjft of $5,000 has been received by the Institute for the 
maintenance of the Sanitary Research and Sewage Experimental 
Station. This station was founded in 1903, by a g^ft of $5,000 
from some person who has remained to this day unknown to the au- 
thorities of the Institute. Each year a check for £5,000 has been 
received from the anonymous donor for the maintenance of the 


At a meeting of the Faculty held February ji a vote was passed 
expressing disapprobation of the wearing of Caps and Gowns by 
the graduating class. In its last analysis the reason given for the 
action is that there is 3 lack of unanimity of opinion regarding the 
matter among those who have an interest in the subject. 

This lack of unanimity of opinion is evident not only in the Faculty 
and in the Senior Class, but also in the other three classes and in the 
alumni. There are factions in each group of men, and there is not 
enough unanimity of opinion to assure the Faculty that graduation 
with Caps and Gowns would be a serious affair and would be con- 
tinued by the other classes. 


Three Technology men passed the examinations given by the 
architectural department of the Ecole des Beaux-Arts out of a large 
number of candidates. These men are William H. Crowell, '06, 


190 The Technology Review 

Charles G. Loring, '06, and Paul F. Mann, '069 and were the 
only Tech men taking the examinations. 

The splendid work of these men is better appreciated when the 
figures and conditions of the examinations are understood. There 
were seventy-eight foreign students taking the examinations, of 
whom only eleven passed. This number was divided into nation- 
alities, — one Italian, one Roumanian, two Swiss, and eight Americans. 
Of the latter, one was from Cornell, two from Harvard, one from 
University of Pennsylvania, one with a travelling scholarship outside 
of college, and three Tech men. There were six Columbia men 

The examinations are difficult, there being only a limited number 
of foreigners taken in, and the competition is always keen. To 
add to the difficulties, many of the examinations are oral, and all are 
in the French language, making it very hard for an American in 
competing with the Latin races. 

Crowell attended the Institute for two years, taking a special 
course. He won the Rotch travelling scholarship in 1905, and has 
been abroad since. He is known in the architectural department 
as a strong draughtsman, and his design for the scholarship, of an 
American Salon, was given very favorable comment in the archi- 
tectural journals. He is married, and his home is in Boston. 

Loring was graduated from the Institute with the class of '06, 
his thesis being a design for a sanatorium. He came to the Institute 
with a degree from Harvard. Mann was a member of the same class, 
but did not graduate from the Institute. He received a Bachelor's 
degree from Yale. 

instructors' club 

The Instructors' Club dined at the Union on Feb. 14th, with guests 
from the Faculty and with Mr. James P. Munroe of the Corporation 
as speaker of the evening. Mr. Munroe's address on ''The Rela- 
tions between College Trustees and College Teachers" was fol- 
lowed by general discussion, especially of the proposed tutorial 
or preceptorial system, and how far it might be possible and profitable 
at Tech. 

Institute News 

President Pritchett was the speaker at the dinner of the In- 
structors' Club held at the Union March 26. He told of his trip to 
Jamaica, Panama, and Porto Rico on one of the United Fruit 
Company's ! 


The association held a smoker at the Union January 31, with 
forty-two present. Professor Wendell, Mr. Blachstein, and Mr. 
Rand were the guests. A quartet from the Banjo Club, composed 
of Gerrish, '08, Sharman, '08, McGinniss, '08, and Sharp, '09, 
gave a musical program. The officers of the association are E. 
Edwards, president; F. W. Perkins, vice-president; F. G. Hartwell, 
secretary; and W. F. Wilton, treasurer. 

A series of lectures on Radio-activity and the Conduction of 
Electricity through Gases is being given by Professor Cross on 
Monday afternoons. These lectures are of a purely experimental 
character, and there will be no examination, The series is open 
to second, third, and fourth year students. 

Mr. M. C. Whitaker, general superintendent of the Welsbach 
Company, gave a series of three talks on March 27-29, at 4,15 
P.M., in 23 Walker. These talks were on "Factory Organization," 
"Cost Keeping and Accounting," and "Employer and Employee." 

The investigations of the purification of Boston sewage made 
in the Sanitary Research Laboratory and Sewage Experiment 
Station of the Insdtdte have been published as a public document 
by order of Congress. ]t contains a history of the sewage-disposal 
problem by C.-E. A. Winslow and Earle B. Phelps. 

The Carnegie Institution has renewed its grant of to 
Professor A. A. Noyes, of the Physical Chemistry Department, 


192 The Technology 


In the department of mining and metallurgy the new room for 
metallography is now equipped with lantern and microscope for the 
examination of polished metallic surfaces and a galvanometer for 
measuring resistances. This laboratory has been provided with a 
steam pipe around the floor for keeping the cases dry and warming 
the room, and the room is ventilated by an electric fan. 

The new Rowand Wetherell magnet has been installed, and is 
now working in a very satisfactory way for the separation of black 
sands and any other mineral mixtures which may need it. 

The new glass table has been installed, and two of the students 
are making their thesis upon it, with the idea of measuring the water 
quantities and the slopes most advantageous for treating various 
grades of sand made by classifier for the purpose of separating 
quartz from galena. 

Professor Richards's new pulsator has just been installed, and ex- 
periments upon it are now in progress. It appears to have immense 
capacity for treating sands, and the various difficulties that have 
been met with in adjusting and controlling it are being one by one 
met and overcome. Two students are taking a thesis on this. 

In regard to graduates of the department. Professor F. H. Sexton, 
of Dalhousie College, Halifax, has just been chosen to be director 
of technical education and principal of the Central College of the 
Nova Scotia Institute of Technology in Halifax. 

Professor Sexton has proved such an efficient and intelligent 
worker in his department of mining engineering and metallurgy at 
Dalhousie that he has won the confidence of the people of Halifax, 
as well as of the Nova Scotia government. 


Notice has already been given in the Review of the fact that 
Professor Sedgwick and Mr. John R. Freeman, one of our alumni. 

General Institute News 


were members of the Expert Commission which considered last 
summer the sanitary problem caused by the location of the new 
line of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad through the 
watershed supplying the city of Seattle with water. The commis- 
sion recommended the construction of some works to protect the 
water supply from pollution due to trains, and the work is now being 
carried on under the direction of one of our graduates; namely, 
Professor W. J. Roberts, class of 1891, now professor of civil en- 
gineering at the State College at Washington. 

Professors Swain and Allen were in New York the first of the 
month in connection with the recent accident on the New York 
Central Railroad, having been sent for by the Railroad Company 
to look into the technical matters relating to the accident. Professor 
Swain appeared and testified before the coroner's jury, the grand 
jury, and the Railroad Commission. 

Arnold, A. B. 
Labbe, A. G. 
Baker, J. M. 
Berliner, E. M. 

Bigelow, W. W. 
Hanford. W. G. 
Boles, E. D. 
Snow, E. B.. Jr. 
Bowen, C. A. 
Jealous, A. R. 
Cutten, L. H. 

Denmark, C. R. 
Mahar, J. T. 


{Titits of Tbiftt, 1907) 

J Design of a Gas Power Plant. 

A Test on an Air Brake Rack, 
A Determination of the Pressure Temperature 
Diagram of the Saturated Vapor of Com- 
pletely Denatured Alcohol. 
)An Investigation of the Friction Loss inj^ihe 
) Nozzles of a Steam Turbine. 

J Investigation of Locomotive Springs. 

' and "Creep" 

) An Investigation of the "Slip" 
) in a 350 H. P. Rope Drive. 
Design of a Heating and Ventilai 
for a High School Building. 

I Performance of Ventilating Fans. 

ng Syste 


The Technology 

Dickson, V. H. 

Dodge, P. 
Richardson, £. C. 

Eaton, C. A. 
Thomas, J. J. 

Evans, E. C. 

Fales, O. G. 
Norton, G. R. 
Fellows, J. H. 
Freedman, L. A. 
Wetmore, L. 

Kelly, E. F. 
KudUch, R. H. 

Keyes, R. E. 
Lawton, J. T., Jr. 

Lightner, M. T. 

Luce, B. P. 

Lucey, W. S. 
NichoU, J. S. 
Mathesius, A. P. 

Middleton, N. A. 

Miller, A. 
RufF, D. C. 

Miller, S. R. 

Efficiency of Cast Iron Indirect Radiators. 
Variation in Angular Velocity of Reciprocat- 
ing Engines during one Revolution. 

Tests on Cast Iron. 

The EflFect of Freezing and Absorption on 
Fire Brick. 

Stationary Test of a White Steam Automobile. 

An Investigation of Air Brakes. 

An Investigation upon a Gas Producer. 

Duty Test on 72,000,000 Gallon Leavitt Pump- 
ing Engine of the Metropolitan Sewage Sys- 

An Investigation of the EflFect of DiflFerent Per- 
centages of Water and Cement in Crusher 
Dust Mortar. 

Concrete Mixers, with Special Reference to the 
EflFect of Violent Mixing on the Compres- 
sive Strength of Concrete. 

Speed Losses in Successive Counter-shaft 

Subway Ventilation. 

Coefficients of Flow for Narrow Wiers with 
High Heads, Full Contraction. 

Test on Taylor Gas Producer Plant at Boston 
Elevated Railway Company Power Station 
in Medford, Mass. 

A Study of the Heating and Ventilating Sys- 
tem of the New Christian Science Temple 
in Boston. 

Investigation and Comparison of the DiflFerent 
Methods of Vacuum Carpet Cleaning. 


General Institute News 195 

Mollcr, K. 
Robbins, D. G. 

-i Test of 350 K. W. Koerting 2-cycle Double- 

J acting Gas Engine of the Boston Elevated 
' Railroad Company. 

Nichols, B. 

Test of a Power Plant at Waltham. 

Nuticr, C. W. 

An Investigation of the Effect of Varying the 

Cutting Speed and the Feed on a Saw Cut- 

ting-off Machine. 

Pope, A. 

Boiler Tests with Peat as a Fuel. 

Rambo, M. 

) A Comparative Road Test of a Superheating 

Thayer, R. E. 

Randall, J. R. 

i A Study of the Stresses and Strains in Rein- ' 

Rich, E. 

S forced Concrete Beams. 


The Effect of the CO^ left in the Clearance 

Space of a Gas Engine, upon the Explosive J 

Force, Time of Exploding, and the Mean 1 

Effective Pressure obtained. 1 

Ripley. F.. Jr. 

) Radiation Efficiencies of Air-cooled Engine 1 

Squire, E. H. 

) Cylinders. 1 

Design of a Testing Machine for Subjecting 

Rockwell, S. E. 

Riveted Joints to Repeated Stress and an 

Webber, P. B. 

; Investigation of the Effects of such Stress 

J upon 2 Double-riveted Lap Joints. 

Small, G. 
TurnbuU, \V. F. 

1 Wind Pressure on Curved Surfaces. 1 

Terrell, H. A. 

The Effect of Superheated Steam on Cast Iron. 

Udale, S. M. 

Ozone Generators. 

Wilkins, H. S. 

Test of a Steam Power Plant. 


The final awards in the recent competition among the fourth-year ' 

architects for the 

two ^50 prizes offered by the Boston Society of 

Architects were 

made in March. Winsor Soule and Ernest F. 

Lewis were tied for the first prize for regular students, while Andrew j 

N. Rebori won d 

e prize for special students. Thirty-one drawings J 

196 The Technology Review 

were handed in. The problem was "A Monumental Entrance for 
an American Embassy in a European Capital." 


The instruction in inorganic chemistry of the first year has been 
modified for the present term, with a view to adapting the work 
somewhat more to the needs of the individual and to avoiding a 
slight duplication of instruction in the second year. The class is 
divided into two large sections, based upon the continuance or non- 
continuance of chemical subjects beyond the first year, as deter- 
mined by the student's choice of a professional course. The lecture 
and class-room instruction of the two sections is so differentiated 
that in the case of the students in the engineering courses without 
chemistry, particular stress is laid upon those phases of chemistry 
which bear directly upon an engineer's experience, while in the case 
of the remainder of the class the subject is treated in a somewhat 
more detailed fashion for the benefit of later work in the same field. 
In the laboratory work a still wider distinction is made. For the 
student whose chemical experience will terminate with the first year 
the laboratory work is based on qualitative analysis, as in recent 
years. For other students the laboratory practice is founded upon 
a series of inorganic preparations, carefully selected to represent 
particular principles or noteworthy examples drawn from applied 
chemistry. The purpose of the course is mainly to acquaint the 
student with the chemistry of the metallic elements through the 
processes of manufacture, or purification, of materials so selected as 
to comprise representatives of the common metals, and less attention 
is, therefore, paid to either the quantity or quality of the product 
produced than to the understanding of the chemistry involved. The 
variety of preparations offered exceeds the number which any one 
student can be expected to complete, and the assignments vary with 
different students. Each student is expected to know something of 
the work done by his neighbor if it differs from his own. It is 
hoped that in this way the student will obtain a broader knowledge 
of inorganic chemistry than formerly, and will be in a better position 

to undertake the work in qualJtaiive analysis at the beginning of 
[he second year, thus avoiding what has previousiy appeared to be 
a necessary review at the beginning of that year of some of the work 
done in the first year. It is too early to attempt to forecast the 
results of this change, but the prospect appears thus far to be 

The distribution of the work of the Department in portions of 
four buildings makes it difficult, as has often been emphasized, for 
the members of the staff to learn what their colleagues are doing. 
With a view to meeting this difficulty in some measure, and also to 
promoting desirable discussion of methods of instruction, a series of 
conferences have been arranged for the present term, which are 
attended by all members of the instructing staff. At each confer- 
ence the member in charge of a branch of the department states the 
point of view from which instruction under his care is given, and 
gives a general notion of the methods employed, the talks being 
followed by a general informal discussion. At the first of these 
conferences Professors Talbot and Pope discussed the vrork of the 
first year, at the second Professor Fay spoke of the teaching of 
Analytical Chemistry, and at succeeding conferences it is expected 
that Professor Noyes will explain the methods of instruction in the 
recently extended class-room and laboratory work in Theoretical 
Chemistry, Professors Walker and Thorp the work in Industrial 
Chemistry, and Professors Moore and MuUiken the instruction in 
Organic Chemistry. 

The students of Course X. are to have a short course in Industrial 
Water Analysis, to give a general idea of the problems a manufact- 
urer has to meet in different parts of the country. Through the 
courtesy of the Hydrographer of the United States Geological Survey 
and of the Director of the Water Suivey of the State of Illinois, 
twenty or more samples from Iowa, Ohio, Arkansas, Illinois, and 
Georgia have been obtained as typical waters. These added to as 
many more samples from the eastern Appalachians will afford an 
excellent opportunity to study characteristic features. 

Students in the option in Heating and Ventilation of Course II. 
have in hand some thesis work involving air-testing problems, and 

198 The Technology Review 

those in the course of Air Analysis, Course XI., are canying on a 
study of the condition of the air in school-houses. 

As president of the Boston branch of the Collegiate Alumnae, 
which has invited the National Association to hold its quarter- 
centennial in Boston next November, Mrs. Richards addressed the 
New York and Washington branches in the January vacation, and 
also gave a course of six lectures at Teachers' College, Columbia 
University. She also spoke twice in Baltimore on "The Cost of 
Living*' and "The Living Wage.*' 

Mrs. Richards has a section in Social Economics at the James- 
town Exposition, for the Mary Lowell Stone Exhibit. Miss Stone 
was a student at the Institute in 1876-78. Mrs. Richards will also 
present, at its annual meeting, the report of the examiners having 
in charge the award of the 1 1,000 oflFered by the Naples Table Asso- 
ciation. She is chairman of the committee. 

Professor Fay has recently given a talk before the Engineers' Club 
of the General Electric Company at Lynn on the "Applications of 
Metallography." Professor Talbot spoke before the Worcester 
Chemical Society and also before the Chemical Society of the In- 
stitute on "Some Modifications of Old Notions suggested by Recent 
Investigations." Professor Walker talked to the Unitarian Club 
at Melrose on "The Pure Food Laws." 

Professor Talbot was elected vice-president and chairman of 
Section C of the American Association for the Advancement of 
Science at the New York meeting in December, and a member of 
the council to represent the section at that meeting. 

Mr. G. W. Rolfe was given leave of absence early in February to 
go to Porto Rico, where, as last year, he will superintend the work- 
ing up of a sugar crop, and will remain in Porto Rico until the close 
of the season. The department was able to secure the services of 
Mr. H. Louis Jackson (1905) to take Mr. Rolfe's place as instructor 
for the remainder of the year. 

The Seniors in Chemical Engineering and Chemistry are now busy 
with thesis work, reports of some of which will probably be made 

Genera] Institute News 



A crying need of the language-teaching profession, especially in 
technical schools, has been met by the appearance from the press of 
Silver, Burdett & Co. of'A Scientific French Reader," by Francis 
Harold Dilte, instructor of French at the Institute. This work has 
been adopted for use in the Technology courses in intermediate 

Professor Vogel and Dr. Kurrelmeyer are writing an English- 
German and German-English Dictionary for the use of technical 
nudents and engineers. It is 10 contain popular as well as technical 
terms of current use at the present day. The authors are selecting 
the terms for definition from recognized text-books and scientific 
and popular periodicals. 

200 The Technology Review 



Mechanical Engineering Society, — ^At the meeting of the society 
February 12, at the Union, Charles Garrison, a former agent of the 
DeLaval Turbine Company, spoke on "Steam Turbines." 

At the meeting held March 13, Mr. H. W. True, of the True Gas 
Power System, gave a talk on "Gas Engines and Gas Producers." 

Mining Engineering Society. — ^At the meeting of the society Feb- 
ruary 15, J. H. Leavell, '07, and R. W. Wilson, *o8, gave some 
account of their experiences in mining. Leavell spoke on quick- 
silver mining in Texas, and gave a brief outline of some of his work 
at Bingham. Wilson gave a short talk concerning the recruiting 
and care of laborers in the South African mines. 

Professor Lodge gave an address February 26 before the society 
at the Union on "The Cobalt Mining District in Ontario, Canada." 

Chemical Society. — Professor Henry P. Talbot gave an address 
on "The Modifications of Old Chemical Theories by Recent Dis- 
coveries" before the society on February 20. The chief topic of 
the speech was radium and the various experiments that have been 
made with it. 

President W. £. Lummus, of the Commonwealth Manufacturing 
Company, gave a talk to the society March 20 at the Union. 

Architectural Society. — ^Winthrop D. Parker, '95, member of the 
firm of Parker & Thomas, architects, addressed the society March 
15 on "The Architectural Aspect of the Jamestown Exposition." 

Geological Journal Club. — ^At a meeting of the club held March I 
M. W. Hayward, *o6, reviewed a paper on "The Texture of 
Igneous Rocks" by Cross, Pierson, Iddings, and Washington. The 
authors present a scheme for classifying rocks with regard to 
"Crystallinity, Granularity, and Fabric," and propose a number of 
new technical terms to designate various modifications. 

W. T. de Steigner reviewed a paper by M. R. Campbell on 

Certain Rocic Folds in Arkansas." Professor Jaggar explained 
a number of difficult points to those present. 

Civic Club. — At the meeting of the club March 8 the debate was 
opened by a short speech from the chair on the affirmative to the 
question, "Resolved, Thai suffrage should be restricted by an educa- 
tional qualification." Discussion was informal, and at the close a 
unanimous vote was obtained for the affirmative. 

Mr. Charles M. Jesup spoke on Americanism before the club 
March 15. 

Catbotic Club. — The club held its regular meeting March 20 in 
16 Rogers. The chief feature of the evening was a talk by Rev. 
Father Leahy, of St. John's Seminary, on "Science and Revela- 

Esprranto Club. — The club held a meeting January 8. The be- 
ginners' class met under the direction of Mr. T. P. Ogden, while 
ihc advanced class were addressed by J. F, Twombly. Then the 
classes combined in a general meeting. Nothing but Esperanto 
was spoken. 

Rifie Club. — At a meeting of the club held March 1 1 the follow- 
ing officers were elected for the year 1907: president, C. G. Kop- 
pitz, '09; vice-president, C. Kurtzman, '09; secretary, C, P. Shil- 
laber, Jr., '09; treasurer, C. D, Jacobs, '09; executive officer, E. R. 
Jackson, '10. 

British Empire Club.— The Harvard Canadian Club and the 
British Empire Association of Technology held a joint dinner on 
March 27 at the Hotel Nottingham. Professor De Sumichrast re- 
iponded to the toast of Harvard, Dean Burton represente Tech- 
nology, while Mr. Munroe, of Harvard, responded for the Cana- 

New fork Slau Club. — March 7 the men from the Empire State 
met for the second time at dinner with over twenty men present. 

Ohio Stale Club.— The club held its regular monthly dinner Jan- 
uary 9 at the Union. Officers for the year were elected, as follows: 


202 The Technology Review 

president, S. R. Miller, 'oy; vice-president, M. E. Allen, '08; sec- 
retary, N. RansohoflF, '10; treasurer, W. D. Spengler, '08. 

The club held its second dinner of the year March 21 at the Union, 
about twenty members being present. President S. R. Miller, '07, 

Pennsylvania Club. — ^At an enthusiastic dinner of the club, March 
25, the following officers were elected: president, D. B. Myers; 
vice-president, B. R. Fuller; secretary, S. N. McCain; treasurer, 
C. M. Steese. An executive committee was also elected, composed 
of R. W. G. Wint, G. M. Roads, and W. S. Woods. 

Texas Club. — ^The first meeting of the club for this year was held 
on January y. H. G. Pastoriza was elected president, and F. M. 
Heidelberg secretary-treasurer. 

The club met at the Union March 2 to celebrate the first Texas 
holiday, the day on which Texas declared herself independent of 

Newton High School Club. — ^The club at a meeting March 29 
elected officers and discussed the annual dinner. The new officers 
are: president, G. S. Gould, *oy\ vice-president, K. G. Chipman, 
*o8; secretary-treasurer, H. E. Whitaker. 

Y. M. c. A. 

Rev. John Hopkins Denison, of the Central Congregational 
Church, gave a series of lectures before the Technology Christian 
Association, as follows: February 7, "A Month among the Canni- 
bals of German New Guinea." This lecture was illustrated with 
lantern slides made from snapshots taken by himself. February 14, 
"Social and Moral Conditions on the East Side of New York City." 
February 21, "The Influence of Christ To-day." 

Frank K. Sanders, D.D., former dean of the Yale Divinity School, 
addressed the Association, February 28, on the "Origin of the 
Inter-collegiate Y. M. C. A. Movement." 

At the weekly meeting of the Association, March 14, Professor 
Winslow, of the Biological Department, spoke on "Motives." 
After the address the following results of the elections were an- 

The Undergraduates 


bounced: president, J. G. ReJd, '08; vice-president, L. B. Hedge, 
'08; treasurer, J. N. Stephenson, '09; Mcretary, E. R. Jackson, '10. 

Professor W. T. Sedgwick addressed the Association at the meet- 
ing of March 21, in Trinity Church, taking as his theme "The 
Essence of Christianity" as applied to the world of to-day. 

Rev. James Alexander, of the First Presbyterian Church of Boston, 
delivered the £tst of a series of three talks to the Association March 
28. His text was, "What think ye of Christ?" The following week 
he took as the subject of his talk, "Believe in God as an Asset," 
and the week after he spoke on "How We may Find Ourselves." 

The first Kommeri of the second term, held February 16, under 
the auspices of the Civic Club, was well attended. Mr. Louis 
Froth ingh am gave an interesting and instructive talk on the 
Panama Canal. 

There were about one hundred men present at the 1909 Kommers, 
March 9. After the usual singing the first speaker. Dean Burton, 
said that he was glad to see the Kommers prospering under the new 
management, and that he liked the idea of each class taking charge 
and inviting the others to come. 

Mr. Eugene N. Foss spoke at the Kommers, March 16, on "The 
European Commercial Situation and its Relation and Importance 
to the United States." Last year Mr. Foss travelled through 
Europe for the purpose of studying these conditions. 

The Freshman Hook Night, March 23, filled the Union with the 
largest crowd this year. Bursar Rand made the only speech of the 

Moorlield Storey, Esq., spoke at the Kommeri March 30, his sub- 
ject being "The Duties of Young Men as Citizens." 


The i^ay this year is a musical comedy, entitled "William, Willie, 
and Bill," and is of a much hghter nature than "The Freshman." 

204 The Technology Review 

The scene is laid in a summer hotel, and the atmosphere is entirely 
collegiate. A number of new specialties will be introduced. In all 
there will be a cast of sixty, of which ten are principals. 

The Colonial Theatre has been engaged for two matinee perform- 
ances on the afternoons of April 25 and 26, the Maiden Auditorium 
for the evening of April 26, and the Providence Opera House for the 
evening of April 27. 

The author of the book, £. W. James, '07, will be unable to see 
his play produced, for he has accepted a civil service position in the 

The Tech Show poster this year is not to be the work of a pro- 
fessional, but of an undergraduate. S. R. T. Very, '07, was awarded 
the ten-dollar prize as best expressing the subject of the Show and 
as best from the point of view of the advertiser. 


1907. — ^Voting for Senior Class Day marshals closed February 
14, with the following results: first marshal, J. H. Leavell; second 
marshal, D. G. Robbins; third marshal, J. M. Frank. 


Is the class of 1907 to wear Caps and Gowns at Graduation ? Is the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology to follow the recognized custom 
among all the leading educational institutions of the country to-day or is 
she to refuse ? Is the man who refuses to wear evening dress to-day to be 
respected for his independence or is his narrowness to be deplored ? Has 
not the Cap and Gown come to be equally the proper apparel for college 
graduation, as the dress suit for the evening function or the frock coat for 
the afternoon ? Has not the Cap and Gown become entirely a recognition 
of scholarship rather than a relic of monasticism and a symbol of the old 
classical education ? Are we not considering this matter from the stand- 
point of merit rather than from that of ''copying" other institutions of 
learning ? 

It has been urged that the adopuon of Cap and Gown would be contrary 
to traditions of the Institute. We ask what tradition we have in the Insd- 

The Undergraduates 


nite of which we violate the spirit, ll is this lack of tradition that we are 
tryiog 10 remedy. Have not conditions entirely changed since the early 
days of the Institute, and has not Technology come to be looked upon as 
» college among ihi colltgts rather than as a trade school ? We would call 
to attention as a sig;nihcat)t fact the marked changes, especially regarding 
Graduation exercises, which have taken place since the founding of the 
Institute. There has been a growing desire in the successive graduating 
classes for Caps and Gowns tor the last ten years, which lor the last four 
yeais has assumed serious proponionsi and, in view of this fact, is it not 
reasonable to assume that this feeling will continue (o grow F 

It is impossible (0 deny that the progress of the Institute has been ma- 
terially aided by the introduction of various college activities and ideas 
which have already served to exert a very broadening influence on under- 
graduate life. Why is it not wise to continue this policy? Da wt wiib 
It admil thai ihe eJutation tvbub Technology gives fi not so broad anJ so 
literal as thai which may be obtained m Other colleges? Is it not wise for 
the Institute to recognize the value of public opinion as is shown in the 
following eMtaci from an editorial which appeared in the Boston Herald 
of December 31, which is certainly worth our consideration f 

Will Txh Senion wtu Cipi tad Gowni } We da not kanw wfay tbcj ihould not put on Ihit 
liii Dutward ngn of icidcouc tccof^tlon nhich the^ hiTc won for iheir load of training. 

Tbc cduuboa lor which Or. Eliot pludcd in Ihc Ailanic Mtnihly in [868 (and became 
Vanui't ptaiian id comcqueiice) wa> the edueation which iin"! metiiihlj preaded over 
bf a elergjinaD, and which recogniia more than one kind of knowledge. Thii pica hai preltj 
ttaij aunt 10 pau. C>p< tod Gowot by all meani. Let the world know ibat it ii ai dig- 
nified ID tnuld a bridge a> to dig up a Gntk dly. 

We believe that three strong arguments in favor of the Cap and Gown 

First, Uniformity of Dress. Sect 

First. Uniformity of dress not i 

attainable in any other way, but it g 

td, Democracy. Third, Economy. 
nly adds a dignity to (he occasion nol 
ves a distinctive mark to the gradu- 

Second. Since we feel that democracy is a cardinal doctrine at the In- 
stitute, we strive to attain it by providing a costume which is the plainest, 
•implen, and most democratic possible. 

Third. There can be no question but what Caps and Gowns, which can 

2o6 The Technology Review 

be obtained outnght for from five to ten dollars or rented for two doUan, 
are much cheaper than any other outfit suitable for the occasion. 

Feeling that the completion of Technology's course does deserve an ez- 
ercise, we wish to make this exercise fitting to the occasion. We believe 
diat this end can best be accomplished by the adoption of Caps and Gowns. 
We call attention to the fact that out of the twenty leading institutions, 
either wholly scientific or having scientific departments, to which letters 
have been sent, fifteen use the Cap and Gown. We invite your inspection 
of these letters, which will be turned over to the Faculty Committee. We 
have endeavored to obtain the opinion of the alumni, and, as far as we have 
succeeded, we find the sentiment is in favor. See also the expression of die 
class's desire for the adoption of Caps and Gowns, v^hich, notwithstanding 
an unfortunately ambiguous wording of the question, showed a two to one 
vote in favor, in one of the largest polls of votes in the history of the class. 

We, therefore, in the light of the foregoing sutement, invite your careful 
consideration of this matter. Cla88 OF 1907. 

As the thesis work of some of the Seniors, there started March 22 
two seventy-two hour plant tests. Both are on electric power plants, 
one at Haverhill and the other atWaltham. Besides the Seniors who 
are running the tests, there are many Juniors and under-classmen 
who will also take part as assistants. 

The Haverhill test was conducted by Whitney, Dean, Tylee, 
Frank, Pease, and Keeling, all '07. 

The test on the Waltham plant was conducted by Macomber and 
McChesney, of the Electrical Department, and Packard and Nichols, 
of the Mechanical Department. 


At a meeting of the Senior Class last November a question was brought 
up as to the advisability and possibility of publishing a new edition of the 
book of Tech Songs. As a result of the discussion, a committee was 
appointed to look the matter up. This committee found that the Bitt 
edition, published in 1903, contained many songs which were hardly sung 
at all, and that there were many songs which might well be included. Upon 
making a favorable report at a later class meeting, this committee was in- 

f ediri 


; of the 

ork of getting out a revised 
with the Oliver Ditson Company 
expected that it will be issued by the li 
and Aiumni Reunion, 
ook have undergone a complete revisi 
Tweniy-four of the forty-nine songs i 
d, and forty-six songs from various sources have 
size of the new book above one hundred twenty 

n the first 

The contents of the b. 
bands of the committee, 
edition have been retaine< 
been added, bringing the 
pages, ten pages more th: 

Of the songs that have been added, twelve are distinaly Tech Songs. 
Five of these are used by permission of the management of the Tech Show, 
They ate the most popular songs which have come out in the Tech Show 
during the past few years. Three more of these are songs written by Teeh 
men, and the other four are adaptations of songs which are used, with 
niiiable words, at many colleges. 

The group of songs termed "Old Timers" by Mr. Bullard has been 
CKtcnsivcly added to. After looking over many college-song books, the 
committee selected twenty-one songs which seemed to be the most univer- 
sally known, and the best liked wherever known. This number includes 
such songs as "Juanita," "Jingle Bells," "The Pope," etc. 

A new departure has been made in the introduction of several patriotic 
songs and a number of representative songs of other colleges. This latter 
number includes a song representing each of nine colleges, such as "Fair 
Harvard," "Bright College Years," "Cornell Alma Mater," etc. 

Such is the general i 
Tech Song Book. Thi 
Mlecrion of songs, hut it has 
Committee has had enough c 
to be given to the Tech Union : 
among undergraduates and all 

of th, 

of the revised edition of the 
has undoubtedly made mistakes in the 
to do its best. The Senior Qass Day 
ence to order one hundred fifty copies 
class gift, and we trust that its reception 
may be equally warm. 

Donald G. Robbins, '07. 

1908. — On March 2 the classes of 1898 and 1908 held a joint 
dinner at the Union. The ten years that separated the tvro classes 
^vete merged into a single delightful evening. The dinner was in 
the nature of an experiment, but it proved a signal success. Under 
the leadership of loastmasters, VVinslow for '98 and Gernsh for 'oi. 
Technology spirit fused the two classes into an enthusiastic Tech- 


2o8 The Technology Review 

nology unit. There were speeches from C.-E. A. Winslow, A. A. 
Packard, W. H. Godfrey, H. L. Cobum, V. W. Edgcrly, and K. W. 
Waterson for 1898, and from H. T. Gerrish, G. T. Glover, and K. 
Vonnegut for 1908. Unqualifiedly, the dinner was a success, success 
enough to justify the belief that it was more than an experiment, 
more than a novelty, and that it will in time be recognized as the 
establishment of a custom. It is such customs as these that inspire 
alumni and undergraduates with their proverbial faith in the superi- 
ority of college years. 

Techniqufy 1908, is about to go into print. We believe the book 
will do credit to the class, and also uphold the high standard set 
by previous editions. The competition for the cover design was 
won by Kurt Vonnegut, '08. 

On Feb. 6, 1907, the Faculty voted that the spring recess this 
year be from Thursday noon, April 25, until the end of the week, 
but that next year it will be April 20, 21, and 22. Hereafter the 
spring recess in April will be the first half or the last half of the week 
in which the 19th occurs, according as the 19th shall fall in the 
former or the latter. 

1909. — ^About a hundred men were present at the Kommers on 
Saturday evening, March 9. Dean Burton and Mr. Rand spoke, 
and the musical entertainment was provided by Kelly, R. H. 
Allen, and Jenkins, members of the class, besides two local vaude- 
ville artists. Everybody had a fine time, and the evening was a 
great success. 

The results of the elections for the 1909 Technique Electoral Com- 
mittee were as follows: R. H. Allen, Belden, Bundy, Critchett, 
Dickerman, Emerson, Finnie, Flagg, Godfrey, Gram, Hutchinson, 
Jenkins, Keeney, Kellogg, W. J. Kelly, W. W. King, Koppitz, 
Kurtzmann, Miss Longyear, Lord, Miss Luscomb, Moses, Scharff, 
Taite, Whitaker. 

The board as elected consists of: associate editors, M. R. ScharfF, 
R. H. Allen, B. E. Hutchinson, R. M. Keeney; athletic editor, 
A. L. Moses; society editor, A. L. Dickerman; statisticians, W. W. 
King, C. J. Belden; business staff, C. G. Koppitz, J. H. Critchett, 
P. B. Lord, W. J. Kelly. 

The Undergraduates 209 

The editor-in-chief, business manager, treasurer, and secretary 
will be elected later by the board. 

1910. — The class is making preparations for the baseball season, 
having elected John Avery, Jr., as manager. J. M. Townsend has 
been re-elected manager of next year's football team. On the 2^d 
of March the class had an entertainment at the Union called "Hook 
Night." A number of the students took part, and souvenirs were 
given to each member of the class. 

The annual Prize Drill of the M. I. T. Corps of Cadets will be 
held on the evening of May 17. 

In spite of the fact that it made the best offer that the a 
had ever received, the New England Intercollegiate Athletic Associa- 
tion, at the annual meeting held February 16, decided that the 
meet should this year be held on the Worcester Oval, where, with 
one or two exceptions, it has been always held, up to last year. 

In spite of a serious mishap in the first relay. Technology defeated 
Holy Cross in the relay race at the Mechanics' Building, February 
16, by half a lap. 

Of the Tech men entered in the other events, R. H. Allen, '09, 
won the high jump with an actual jump of 5 feet yi inches. His 
handicap of 5^ inches enabled him to defeat H. A. Gidney, scratch, 
by three-quarters of an inch. 

Six Tech men, Gould. '07, Fernstrom, '10, Gram, '09, Richards, 
'07, Todd, '08, and Moses, '09, ran in the 40-yard handicap dash, 
die first four winning their trial heats. 

Other Tech men who competed were R. C. Albro, '07, in the 45- 
yards high hurdle race; H. H. Howland, '08, and C. J. Batchelder, 

2IO The Technology Review 

'o8y in the mile run; G. H. Chapman, '07, in die looo-yards run» 
and M. £. MacGregor, '07, in the z-mile run. 


With a record of two close games with West Point and die College 
of the City of New York and a victory over the crack Brooklyn 
Polytechnic five, the team returned February 4 from its very suc- 
cessful trip to New York. The following men were sent: Manager 
Whitmore, Captain Kinnear, Nichok, '09, Bider, '08, Pierce, 'oS, 
and Campbell, '09. Coach Schonthal accompanied die team. On 
January 30 the team met the College of the City of New York in 
New|York, and after a close game was defeated by die score of 
20 to 14. The following evening Tech defeated the star Brooklyn 
Polytechnic Insdtute team in a rough game. 

On Friday evening a game was to have been played with the 
New York University Law School, but unfortunately turned out to 
be rather a fluke. After a disappointing contest the Insdtute five 
was badly defeated by a semi-professional team (only two members 
of which were Law School men) on a floor totally unsuited for 
basket ball. 

On Saturday they journeyed up the Hudson to West Point, and 
in the afternoon played the cadets. The Tech five played a good 
game, and by consistent covering were able to hold the West Pointers 
down to a score of 19 to 13. 

Owing to lack of facilides for pracdce, a general disinterestedness 
on the part of the student body, and mishaps to members of the 
team, the basket-ball season of 'o6-'o7 has not been very suc- 

The percentage of games won was small, but in many of the 
games Tech's opponents won by only a few points. Tech scored 
302 points to 392 for opponents. Out of the seventeen games 
played, only three were won. 

Yale won the triangular fencing meet March 23 by taking twelve 
bouts, white Columbia finished second with 10 bouts, and Tech 
came last with 5 bouts. Tech was completely outclassed by both 
teams, and the Institute men could win only from three of the oppo- 
nents, Byrne and Amend, of Columbia, Smith, of Yale. 

At a meeting of the Intercollegiate Fencing Association March 31, 
Technology was elected 10 membership. The only opposition to 
the election was made by the Harvard representatives, who made 
a hard fight to keep the Institute from the association. 

The Fencing Team has been endeavoring for a number of years 
to be admitted to the Intercollegiate Fencing Association, and until 
this year has always been voted down. Last year West Point 
opposed the election on the grounds that Technology was not a 
university, and that the association should be open only to univer- 

As a precedent, it was pointed out that Technology had a team 
in the Intercollegiate Cross Country Association, but the application 
was rejected. Harvard, Cornell, and Columbia resigned from the 
old body, and together with the Institute formed a new league. 
This league went to pieces in a short time, and the three colleges 
rejoined the older a 


At the meeting of the association held March 13 the following 
officers were elected: president, H. R, Callaway, '08; secretary- 
treasurer, R. Ellis, '09; manager, R. W, Ferris, '08; captain, H. H. 
Howlaod, '08; chase captain, J. N. Stephenson, '09. 

During the vacation the team played, besides minor games, two 
important intercolle^ate games with Massachusetts teams. The 
team went out to Williamstown and defeated Williams College, 2 to 
I, in a fast match. 


212 The Technology Review 

The next day the team played Springfield Training School at 
Springfield, and were unable to score against the Training School 
seven. The score was 5 to o. 


Spring training for track athletics began March 19. 

The spring meet, or class games, will be held April 13, and follow- 
ing there are two dual meets and an intercollegiate meet at which 
Tech will be represented. On May 4 Tech has a dual meet with 
the University of Maine at Orono, Me. The delegation to it will 
be twenty-five men. The Brown meet, to be held at Tech Field, 
comes May 11. 

The wind-up of the season will be at the New England intercol- 
legiate meet at Worcester on May 24 and 25, in which Tech will be 
represented by about sixteen men. 

The Graduates 




A special meeting of the Association of Class Secretaries was held 
at the Technology Club, Boston, on Friday evening, April 5, 1907, 
to consider plans for the annual Commencement celebration. The 
members dined together, as usual. The business meeting was 
called to order by the secretary at eight o'clock, and Professor C. F. 
Allen, '72, was chosen chairman of the meeting. 

Following the reading of the minutes of the previous meeting (in 
November, 1906), which were approved, the meeting proceeded to 
discuss plans for this year's Commencement, which occurs on Tues- 
day. June 4. 

Taking up the matter of spreads, which are held on the afternoon 
of Commencement Day, H. L. CoBum, '87, suggested that in place 
of individual class spreads all classes unite in a general spread 
at the Technology Club. 

Everett Morss. '85, president of the Alumni Association, and 
J. F. Norris, president of the Technology Club, favored Mr. Coburn's 
suggestion, and upon motion of E. G. Thomas, '87, it was voted 
(hat the sense of the meeting was that a general spread of all the 
classes be held at the Technology Club, and that the expense be 
met from the profits of the Pop Concert. 

Upon motion of 1. W. Litchfield, '85, it was voted that the chair- 
man appoint a committee of fifteen, including the president of the 
Alumni Association as chairman, to take full charge of all arrange- 
ments for Commencement. The chairman appointed the follow- 
ing committee: Everett Morss, '85 (chairman); J. F. Norris; H. L. 
Coburn, '87; C. F. Park. '92; L. W. Piclcert, '93; J. A. Rockwell, 
'96; R. H. Stearns, '01; M. L. Emerson, '04; R. H. W. Lord, 
'05; G. DeW. Marcy. "05; Lawrence Allen, "07; Alexander Ma- 
comber, '07; Kurt Vonnegut. '08; A. G. Kellogg, 09; A, F. 
Glasier, '10. 


214 The Technology Review 

L. W. Pickerty '93, for three years the chairman of the ''Tech 
Night Pop Concert" Committee, spoke of matters in relation to 
the Pop Concert, and suggested that, in sending out information 
about the various Commencement activities, all notices from the 
classes, the Alumni Association, and the Commencement Celebra- 
tion Committee, be mailed together from the alumni headquarters. 
Mr. Morss favored the idea, and suggested that the expense be 
divided between the Alumni Association and the class secretaries. 
After further discussion it was voted, upon motion of A. G. Robbins, 
'86, that the Commencement Celebration Committee join with the 
Alumni Association in sending out notices for Commencement, and 
that the expense of postage and mailing be divided between the 
Alumni Association and the Association of Class Secretaries. 

£. H. Packard, '07, spoke of the progress of the work upon the 
new Tech Song Book, which is being revised and brought out by 
the Senior Class as its graduating gift to the Institute. 

A report of the annual meeting of the North-western Association 
at Chicago on March 2d was given by Mr. Litchfield, who attended 
the meeting in company with Frederick P. Fish, Esq., of the Insti- 
tute Corporation. Mr. Litchfield and Mr. Morss spoke of the need 
of sending representatives from the Institute to meetings of alumni 
in other cities, and Mr. Morss told of the work already done by 
the Alumni Association in this matter. Mr. Thomas thought it 
desirable that notices of meetings of each local alumni organization 
be sent to all such organizations, and asked that the Committee on 
Closer Relations consider the suggestion. 

The secretary read a letter from the secretary of the class of '82 
requesting a reservation of seats at the Tech Night Pop Concert for 
the ladies who were to attend the celebration of the twenty-fifth 
anniversary of that class. Several members who spoke on the sub- 
ject believed it would add to the pleasure and popularity of the Pop 
Concert for classes who cared to do so (particularly classes observing 
some special anniversary) to make balcony reservations for their 
ladies. Upon motion of Mr. Coburn the letter from the class of 
*82 was referred to the Commencement Celebration Committee. 

Mr. R. H. W. Lord, '05, brought up the subject of uniform 

The Graduates 215 

mernbeTship cards, which at present are issued by local alumni 
organizations to their members, and are used as cards of introduc- 
tion to other organizations. Mr. Litchfield spoke of the need of 
sending out to Tech men generally, either through the class organi- 
zations or the Alumni Association, information concerning the varioui 
local Tech organizations, so that any Institute man, upon visiting 
a city where such organization exists, would know how to reach 
Tech men in that locality. The meeting adjourned at ten o'clock. 
Attendance, thiny-three. 

Frederic H. Fay, '93, Secretory. 


The annual meeting of the North-western Association was held 
at the University Club, Chicago, on Saturday, March 2, at 6.30 
P.M. The attendance was the largest that we have had for some 
years, and included men from Detroit, Cincinnati, and many other 
points at some distance from Chicago. The report of the secretary 
and treasurer showed the Association to be in a prosperous con- 
dition, and the average attendance at the meetings being larger 
shows greater interest on the part of the members. Officers for 
the ensuing year were elected, the result being as follows: J. T. 
Cheney, '03, president; E. M. Hagar, '93, first vice-president; 
A. W, Woodman, '90, secretary and treasurer. Executive Com- 
mittee; R. E. Schmidt, '87; F. D. Chase, '00; Bernard Blum, '04. 
As there was no other business to come before the meeting, we 
adjourned to the dining-room. The dinner was truly typical of the 
Association, and the presence of Mr. Frederick P. Fish, "Ike" 
Litchfield, and Dugald C. Jackson, the new professor in the Electrical 
Engineering Department, added much to the occasion. Seventy- 
six members hstened to the very interesting remarks of Mr. Fish, 
who gave the best insight into Institute alfairs that has been given 
the Association for some rime. His remarks covered the present, 
past, and future of the Institute, including in the latter a brief 
outline of the work that had been done by the committee in whose 
hands the choice of the new President lies. 

2i6 The Technology 

Litchfield came to Chicago especially for this affair, and he was 
given a royal reception. His remarks were mostly reminiscences, 
and were heartily received. 

The telephone investigation that was being conducted here 
enabled us to have Professor Jackson with us, and we were especially 
glad of the opportunity to show him the true Technology spirit. 

Robinson, '84, emphasized in a most able way the duties that 
rested upon the shoulders of every Tech man, now that the merger 
question has been settled. Several telegrams were received from 
absent members, and there was music by an orchestra. Numer- 
ous songs and cheers during the evening made it most enjoyable. 

John T. Cheney, '03, Secretary^ 
120 Wabash Avenue, Chicago, III. 


It has been felt for some time, among some of the members, that 
the club should have permanent quarters. At the last meeting a 
committee was appointed to solicit contributions and arrange for 
securing a suitable site, if the necessary financial assistance was 

Dean Burton brings to the Review the following report of the 
annual dinner held at the Hotel Flanders on April 4: ''There were 
about thirty-five present at the dinner, and, in addition to the speakers 
who are down upon the program of the meeting. Professor Lanza 
spoke a few words. He was introduced as Sir Gaetano Lanza, 
and told about the excursion which he was taking with the Senior 
Mechanical Engineers to visit the Baldwin Locomotive Works at 
the invitation of Mr. Vauclain. The subjects taken up by the 
different speakers were: Major Cassius E. Gillette, chief engineer 
of the Bureau of Filtration, Philadelphia, 'The Panama Canal'; 
James K. Young, Ph.D., Dean of the Wharton School, University 
of Pennsylvania, 'The Business Man, the Financial Crisis, and the 
University'; Samuel M. Vauclain, superintendent of the Baldwin 
Locomotive Works, 'The Age Limit'; and Professor Alfred E. 

The Graduates 


Burton, dean of the Massacliusetts Institute of Technology, 
'Changes in the Student Life at the Institute during the Last 
Five Years.' Major Gillette's talk on the Panama Canal was espe- 
cially interesting." 

Robert H. Booth, '06, Secretary, 
Lin wood, Pa. 


This society has adopted for the present year the plan of monthly 
meetings with informal dinners and smokers on the second Monday 
of each month, omitting the meeting formerly held on the fourth 
Monday of the month. 

The year was begun auspiciously with a well-attended meeting 
on January 14. In the evening Mr. M. L. Fuller, '96, of the Geo- 
logical Survey, gave a well-prepared talk on "Earthquakes," illus- 
trated by lantern slides. The subject was treated scientifically with 
illustrations from the so-called New Madrid earthquake, a violent up- 
heaval that had its centre in the Mississippi valley in the early part 
of the last century, and the more recent Charleston and San Fran- 
cisco earthquakes. Of the three the first mentioned was stated to 
have been much the most severe and wide-spread, so that its effects 
can still be traced after nearly a hundred years, though it did not 
cause such great destruction of life and property as did the later 
ones, the country being then thinly settled. 

Thete is believed to have been an important relation between the 
presentation of this subject before the society and the earthquake 
in Kingston, Jamaica, which occurred the same afternoon, and news 
of which came next day, (hough its exact nature has not yet been 

At the meeting of February 11 Mr. William J. Rich, '84, a prin- 
cipal examiner in the United States Patent Office and ex-president 
of the society, gave a talk on "Patents and (he Patent Office," in 
which an explanation was given of all the steps of procedure in ob- 
taining a patent. The topics covered were, in brief, the preliminary 
search, the services of the attorney, the specification and drawing, 
ikc claims, (be mode of examination in the office, amendments, ap- 


21 8 The Technology Review 

peak to the Board of Examinere-in-Chief in cases of final rejection^ 
appeak to the commissioner and the courts, and reissues. Some 
amusing examples of the "freak patents" that are occasionally taken 
out were also shown. 

At the meeting of March 1 1 a programme of music on the Cecilian 
was enjoyed, played by Mr. F. F. Longley, '04. Among those pres- 
ent was Joseph B. Baker, '90, who has lately come from the fuel 
testing laboratory of the Geological Survey in St. Louis to the Wash- 
ington offices of the Survey. 

Other accessions to the society within a few months are: LeRoy 
£. Kern, '02, G. Curtis Noble, and Donald C. Bollard, all of the 
Supervising Architect's Office; and Dana N. Wood, '06, of the 
Geological Survey. 

The following men have removed from Washington to other parts 
of the country: Frederick G. Clapp, '01, has gone to the Boston 
office of the Geological Survey; Frank O. Stetson, '88, has taken 
a position with Stone & Webster, Boston; Edwin F. Samuek, '99, 
and William I. Wyman, '00, have resigned from the Patent Office, 
the former taking a position with Stuart & Stuart, patent attorneys, 
Baltimore, and the latter having gone to New York. 

On March 9 a change occurred in the government service that is 
of great interest to Technology men here by reason of the additional 
prominence it brings to one of their number whose work had already 
become well known. On that date the United States Reclamation 
Service, formerly a part of the Geological Survey, was made an in- 
dependent bureau of the Interior Department, and Mr. Frederick 
H. Newell, '85, the chief engineer under the Survey, was appointed 
as director at the head of the new bureau. Highly complimentary 
notices of the new director were published in Washington papers at 
the time. At present the Reclamation Service has under way con- 
struction work involving the ultimate expenditure of $40,000,000. 
Employment is being given to 10,000 persons, and the monthly ex- 
penditure is approximately ]^ 1,000 ,000. 

F. W. SwANTON, '90, Secretary^ 
1641 13th Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 

The Graduates 



The annual meeting of the club was held in Lowell, Mass., on 
Friday evening, February i, at the New American House. Dinner 
was served at one dollar per plaie. 

Preceding the dinner there was an election of officers, resulting 
as follows: president, R, A. Hale, Lawrence; vice-president, George 
A. Nelson, Lowell; member executive committee, John Aldcn, Law- 

The guest of the evening was Professor T- A. Jaggar, Jr., of the 
Institute, who spoke on "The Relation of the Engineer to Volcanoes 
and Earthquakes," illustrating his talk with many stereopticon views 
of Vesuvius, Mt. Pelee, La Soufriere, and the San Francisco earth- 
t^uake. Professor Jaggar gave a detailed description of that delicate 
instrument, the seismograph, whereby the motions of the earth's 
crust are recorded. 

Those present at the dinner were: Colhns, '97, Bowers, '75, Hale, 
'77, Carney, '93, Stevens, '10, Coburn, '97, Lambert, '98, Morrill, 
'09, Bowen, '09, Morton, '04, Morrill, '07, Boyd, '97, Barker, '96, 
Brown, '77, Nelson, y?, Alden, '7?, Atwood, '76. Faulkner, y6, 
Simpson, '90, Eastman, '8S, Kimball, '86, Ball, '06, Perkins, '99, 
Perkins, '01, Booth, '02, Chalifoux, '02, Eames, '97, Hamblet, '88, 
Hiidreth, '87, Hildreth, '85, Chase, >+, Townc, '78. 

John A. Collins, Jr., '97, Secretary, 

74 Saunders Street, Lawrence, Mass. 


The annual meeting and dinner of the Cincinnati M. L T. Club 
was held at the Hotel Simon on Friday evening, March 22, 1907. 
Vice-President John A. Hildabolt presided. It proved to be a 
most enjoyable occasion for the twenty-four Tech men who were 
present. The guests of the evening were Professor Herman 
Schneider and Professor J. T. Faig, who are at the heads of the 
Coursu in Civil and Mechanical Engineering, respectively, at the 



220 The Technology Review 

University of Cincinnati. Dr. Thomas Evans introduced Professor 
Schneider, who described in a most interesting manner the workings 
of the Cooperative Course in Engineering established through his 
eflForts at the University of Cincinnati. Students in mechanical, 
electrical, and chemical engineering spend one week at the Univer- 
sity in study and the following week at work in some one of the 
various industrial plants within or near the city. The course is six 
years in length, and the money earned in the shops during half of 
the six years spent in this way, enables young men to obtain an 
excellent education and at the same time be self-supporting. The 
cordial co-operation of the manufacturers, who are much pleased 
with the results thus far obtained, together with the enthusiastic aid 
of the faculty and of the city authorities, has made a distinct success 
of this unique experiment in education. Professor Faig spoke of 
the peculiar advantages offered by Cincinnati for making such an 
experiment, especially in connection with industrial engineering. 
Mr. James B. Stanwood spoke from the standpoint of the manufact- 
urer, and pointed out the great advantages to any industry which 
employed students being trained in this manner, and of the high 
character and quickened intelligence of those young men who had 
come under his observation. 

A nominating committee appointed by Vice-President Hildabolt 
named the following members of the club as officers for the ensuing 
year: for president, John A. Hildabolt, class of '75> vice-president, 
Rudolph Tietig, class of '98; treasurer, William E. Brotherton, class 
of '73; secretary, J. W. Ellms, class of '93; for a member of the 
executive committee for one year, Fred. G. Garber, '03; for two 
years, Morten Carlisle, '90; and for three years, A. Senior Prince, 
'05. The above-named members were duly elected. 

The minutes of the last meeting were read by the secretary, and 
were accepted. A vote of thanks was given Professors Schneider 
and Faig for their interesting remarks. 

J. W. Ellms, '93, Secretary^ 
£. Court and Martin Streets, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

The Graduates 


The Technology Club of Hartford held its annual meeting and 
dinner at the Hartford Club Saturday evening, February g, the busi- 
ness meeting being held at six and the dinner at seven o'clock. The 
officers elected are: president, Henry Souther; vice-president, A. M. 
Holcombe; secretary and treasurer, George W. Baker. 

Those present at the meeting were Howard A, Burdick, Charles 
Pettee, G. H. Gleason, A. M. Holcombe, Horace H. Ensworth, 
Henry Souther, George W. Baker, E. H. Lorenz, Clarence E. Whit- 
ney, F. C. Moore, Charles R. Nason, Henry A. Fiske, F. M. Blake, 
H. P. Maxim, and D. A. Richardson, all of Hartford, and C. P. 
Waterman, of Bristol. 

Speeches followed the dinner, A, M, Holcombe being the toast- 
master, and the addresses were by Frederick C. Moore, Henry 
Souther, H. A. Fiske, and H. P. Maxim. Mr. Souther called atten- 
lion to the field open to Technology men in this city, and urged 
them to take a more active pan in solving the scientific problems 
which confront the city. 

Frederick C. Moore, superintendent of the Special Risk Depart- 
ment of the Hartford Fire Insurance Company, spoke briefly on the 
subject of "Fire Protection and Mill Construction," referring to the 
cardinal principles, and pointing out that the high reputation of 
mill construction was largely due to the fact that this type has gen- 
erally been provided with the protection of automatic sprinklers. 

Mr. Fiske look for his subject a quotation from the Standard of 
Boston, being the opinion expressed by Captain Sewall, of the corps 
of engineers of the United Stales army, who was detailed by the 
War Department to certify the reports made of the condition in 
cities by the engineers of the national board. 

"Nothing is of more importance at the present moment than the 
protection of the congested value districts of modem cities from 

Mr. Fiske enlarged on the present deplorable conditions existing 
in many cities, pointing out the need of reform, it being a matter 
which affects us all to a greater or less extent. Technology men 

222 The Technology Review 

are especially well fitted to grasp a subject of this kind, and, by 
concerted effort in the communities in which diey reside, to be of 
great usefulness. 

The duby which was formed in 1894, meets once a mondi in the 
Rathskeller of the Hotel Heublein, when papers of interest to the 
members are read and discussed. 

George W. Baker, '92, Secretaryy 
P.O. Box 983, Hartford, Conn. 


A very jolly and enthusiastic reunion of Technology graduates 
was held at the Tivoli Hotel, Panama, on the evening of February 
12. The occasion was the visit of President Pritchett to die Canal 
Zone, and all the Tech men engaged in the various eng^eering de- 
partments of this great enterprise arranged to meet President Pritch- 
ett and renew the memories of Technology. About ten Tech gradu- 
ates are employed on the Canal, nearly all of whom were present, and 
the meeting was one of great enthusiasm. It was a cheering sound 
to hear the familiar M. I. T. cheer in these tropical surrounding. 
Among the graduates present were: Frank A. Browne, Robert J. 
Lyons, Andrew L. Bell, all of the class of 1906; John H. Flynn, Jr., 
William P. Bixby, Clarence £. Gage, all of the class of 1905; Alex- 
ander S. Ackerman, of the class of 1903, and several others. 

President Pritchett spent three days in examining the work in 
progress, and received from Chief Engineer Stevens every facility 
for obtaining a good view of what was going on. He expressed 
himself enthusiastically concerning the work which Mr. Stevens and 
his assistants are doing. 


Since the annual meeting in October the following smoke talks 
and ladies' nights have been held at the dub: — 

On the second evening, October 18, Mr. T. H. Skinner (IV.), 
'92, addressed the club on the subject of "The Earthquake in San 
Francisco." He gave particular attention to the effects of die earth- 

The Graduates 223 

quake and the subsequent tire on steel structures, and the talk was 
well illustrated by many stereopticon slides. On November 19, 
a business meeting of the dub was held, at which the method of 
electing members was changed to the effect that the names of all 
candidates for membership, after the usual approval by the Mem- 
bership Committee and being posted on the bulletin board, shall 
be included in the notice to all members of the club, and the vote 
of the council on these names shall be by letter ballot monthly. 
On the occasion of this meeting Professor George E. Hale (VIII.), 
90, gave an illustrated talk on "A New Mountain Observatory." 
On the evening of December "j. Professor Henry E. Crampton, of 
Columbia University, related the experiences of "A Naturalist in 
Tahiti," On the fifth evening of the season, December 21, a 
most interesting talk was given on "Alaska and its Resources," by 
ex-Governor John G. Brady, of Alaska. The speaker has spent 
many years of his life in that country, and he traced its history and 
development from Russian times to the present. His accounts of 
many incidents, together with a collection of curios and a large set 
of stereopticon slides, made real to the appreciative audience the 
story of Alaska. On the sixth evening and a ladies' night SeDorita 
Carolina Holman Huidobro, with the aid of a beautiful collection 
of stereopticon slides, took the members on a trip to see "The 
Wonders and Marvels of Peru." Many of the members remem- 
bered the brilliant talk which Sefiorita Huidobro gave in 1903, and 
on the present occasion the "common room" was taxed to the Hmit. 
The second ladies' night was held February 19, when Mr. Wilham 
Lyman Underwood gave an illustrated talk on "By-paths in Florida 
and Nassau." Again the "common room" was filled to its full 
capacity, and the members were well entertained. On the eighth 
evening, March 18, the members were made acquainted with 
Africa, when William L. Smith, M.D., gave a smoke talk on "Big 
Game Shooting in Somaliland." 

The attendance at these talks has been increasingly large. Fre- 
quently interesting discussions have been held, and after each talk 
light refreshments have been served. Early in March the follow- 
ing special announcement was made: — 

224 '^^^ Technology Review 

"The House Committee announces a new departure in the serv- 
ing of lunches, whereby members may be served with either the 
regular three-course lunch at forty cents, as heretofore, or the 
different portions of it on the a la carte plan. One or two dishes 
have also been added for the latter service, thus enabling members 
to secure different combinations, possibly more satisfactory to them 
and at less cost than the regular lunch. 

** It is hoped that this change will have the eflPect to popularize the 
club as the best noon meeting-place in the city for Technology men, 
and to this end all members, especially those who have not here- 
tofore lunched at the club, are cordially invited to come in and make 
the innovation a success." 

Angelo T. Heywood, 'o6. Secretary^ 
83 Newbury Street, Boston, Mass. 

News from the Classes 



Robert H. Richards, Sec, Mass. Inst, of Technology, Boston 

Robert H. Richards has been collecting a great quantity of ma- 
tenai for use in the preparation of his additional volume to his book 
on "Ore Dressing." He is now getting this into shape, so that it 
can be moved, and is planning to spend six weeks at camp in the 
\Miite Mountains in June and July, writing on the book. He ex- 
pects to work three shifts a day some days, and take an occasional 
walk over the mountains for exercise and r 

ll Prof. Charles R. Cross, Sic, Mass. Inst, of Technology, Boston. 

The death of Mr. S. Matthews Cary, which occurred on April I, 
1905, after a long illness, but which has only recently come to the 
knowledge of the writer, will cause the most sincere regret, not only 
to his classmates, but (o all who have been brought into contact 
with him. Mr. Cary came to the newly established Institute of 
Technology after having begun his studies in civil engineering in 
the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. He speedily took a hig^ 
place in the esteem and affection of his fellow-students, and was the 
first and only president of the somewhat loose class organization of 
'70, Although he did not plan his course for a degree, he remained 
at the institute until his class graduated. Soon after this lime he 
entered into business at St. Paul as a member of the firm of Robin- 
son ii Cary, and continued such until his death, securing and 
steadily maintaining a personal and business reputation of the high- 
est character. He leaves a widow, two daughters, and a son. 

226 The Technology Review 


E. A. W. Hammatt, Sec.^ 10 Neponset Block, Hyde Park, Mass. 

The twenty-fifth annual meeting and dinner of the class of '75 
was held at Young's Hotel on March 8, 1907, at 7.30 p.m., with 
these members present: Aspinwall, Beal, Bowers, Dorr, Hanmiatt, 
Hibbard, Lincoln, and Willard. The business meeting was called 
to order by President Hibbard at 9.30 o'clock, when the records of 
the last meeting were read and approved. The secretary and treas- 
urer read his reports, which were accepted. On motion of Mr. 
Lincoln a vote of thanks was given the executive conunittee for 
their services. On motion, Mr. Lincoln was directed to cast a 
ballot, as that of the class, for the election of officers, which he did, 
and the result was declared as follows: president, Thomas Hibbard; 
vice-president, B. L. Beal; secretary and treasurer, E. A. W. Ham- 
matt; executive conunittee, B. L. Beal, S. J. Mixter, W. P. Willard. 
On the question of amending the constitution so as to permit a change 
in the date of holding the annual meeting, the secretary reported, as 
the result of a canvass of the replies to his circular requesting light 
on this subject, as follows: ten did not express any opinion; seven had 
no choice as to date; one preferred the date between December 10 
and January 15; two preferred the date between December and 
March; one preferred the date between February 6 and March 10; 
one preferred the date between March I and March 15; one pre- 
ferred the date between April and June; one preferred the date to 
be in June; one preferred the date to be in June or in October. As 
under the present constitution the date comes between January i 
and April i, it did not seem advisable to change it. Adjourned at 

II P.M. 

Richard A. Hale, Sec.^ Lawrence, Mass. 

The annual dinner and thirtieth reunion of the class of 'yy 
was held February 27 at the Technology Club, with fifteen mem- 
bers present Vice-President C. F. Lawton presided, and the 

News from the Classes 227 

mcers elected for the ensuing year were: H. H. Carter, president. 
C. F. Lawton, vice-president; R. A. Hale, secretary and treasurer. 
Letters were read from members unable to attend, telegrams from 
Swain and Kitttedge in New York during the meeting, and a tele- 
phone message from Wood at Washington. The meeting was in- 
formal, and general experiences of various members were given. 
It is planned to issue a directory and photographs of the members 
as at graduation and also at the present time.—^Howard Evans 
has been heard from at Idaho Springs, where he has been engaged 
in mining for a number of years. — Swain has testified as expert in 
the New York Central Railroad case, where the electric train was 
wrecked and many lives lost. 

Edwin C. Miller, Sec, Wakefield, Mass. 

Horace j- Howe is resident engineer of the new Broadway 
Bridge over the Harlem River. The process of removing the old 
bridge span and substituting the new one was a rare test of engi- 
neering skill, and was carried out successfully. 

Walter B. Snow, Sec, 29 Russell Ave., Watertown, Mass. 

Greenville Temple Snelling has moved his architectural office 
to 37 East 2oth Street, New York, N.Y.— George W. Mansfield, 
who has been located at Westerly, R.I., for some years past, is now 
at 1123 Schofield Building, Cleveland, Ohio. — Harry G. Manning 
as mechanical engineer of the Crucible Steel Company of Pitts- 
burg, Pa., has been busy on plans for a million dollar plant.— The 
twenty-fifth anniversary dinner was celebrated at the Boston City 
Qub on Thursday evening, February 7. Plans were discussed for 
the class reunion in June, and class colors were chosen. Gooding, 
Gerry, Herrick, Hall, Low, Warren, Lewis, Munroe, H. F. Ross, 
Oarrow, French, and W. B. Snow were present. — Henry F, Ross 

228 The Technology Review 

has transferred his office to that of the Mercantile Wharf Company, 
88 Clinton Street, Boston. — John H. Ross, who is now abroad, 
has moved his office to 575 Atlantic Avenue. — ^Miss Clara P. 
Ames sails on April 20 for Naples, in charge of a small party, 
which will follow a carefully planned itinerary covering four 
months, in which they will visit Italy, Switzerland, France, and 
England. — Rufus F. Herrick has written an extremely interest- 
ing and complete work on "Denatured or Industrial Alcohol," 
which is published by John Wiley & Sons, New York. The 
timeliness of this book, the number and variety of the illus- 
trations, and the fact that it includes the history, use, manufact- 
ure, and composition of denatured alcohol all over the world should 
prove of great interest, especially at the present time. 

Harvey S. Chase, Sec.y 27 State Street, Boston. 

The secretary of '83, having exhausted the arts of special pleading 
for items of class interest, and likewise his patience, proposes here- 
after to publish stories received by wireless. The hidden and inner 
mysteries of each man's double life will be unfolded, to the agonized 
astonishment of a wondering world. These statements apply to 
members who fail to promptly cough up items of their own. FiJe: 
By wireless: "Gale has four children, stout and hearty. Has 
named them appropriately 'Hurricane,' 'Cyclone,' 'Typhoon,' 
and 'High Wind 'r 


Prof. William L. Puffer, Sec, 307 Equitable Building, Boston. 

The annual dinner was held at the Technology Club on the 
regulation night before Washington's Birthday at 6.30, and a very 
enjoyable evening was spent together. After a thorough discussion 
of the immediate business the thought of the coming twenty-fifth 
anniversary of the graduation exercises in Rogers set all hands to 

News from the Classes 


talking of the past and the future. It was decided to appoint the 
three class secretaries, who couldn't tiiid a suitable excuse for es- 
caping, as a committee to prepare a special directory in honor of 
the lime. Therefore Gill, Tyler, and Puffer will be after information 
from the boys, and asking all sorts of questions, and it was the sense 
of the meeting that none of the fellows should refuse to devote a 
little time to the preparation of the book. Appleton, Bardwell, 
Benneii, Coburn, Dearborn, Doane, Gilt, Puffer, Rotch, and Tyler 
were present. — The secretary is sorry to have to present to the class 
the sad news of the sudden death of W. L. O'Brien. A card and 
newspaper clipping were received on the 23d of February, but 
there was no mention of the exact day of bis death. He had 
been in perfect health, "and the announcement of his death came 
as a blow to many friends who were accustomed to think of him as 
enjoying the good things of life with his wife and daughter," Several 
years ago he retired from active work in the newspaper field, and 
devoted his time to travel and the carrying on of the estate left to 
him by the death of his father. — Another sad letter came on the 
fourtii from classmate Rich, telling of the loss of his ten-year-old son 
Percy after an apparently successful operation for appendicitis. 
He was taken to the Garfield Hospital late Monday night, the 25th, 
tad died early on Wednesday. 

I. W. Litchfield, See., 10 Kenmore Street, Boston. 

The following clipping is from the Boston Transcript of March 


Frederick H. Newell, chief engineer of tlic reclamation service, has been 
appoinred director of the service to succeed Charles D. Walcott, nho re- 
ngned to become secretary of the Smithsonian Insdiution. The announce- 
ment was made late Saturday by James R. Garfield, the new Secretary 
of the Interior. The appointment of Mr. Newell as director marks the 
cication of the reclamation service as a separate bureau in the Interior 
Depanment. Under the guidance of Mr. Newell ai chief engineer the 


230 The Technology Review 

reclamation service has grown to be an enormous branch of the government 
service. In less than five years the service has practically completed four 
irrigation projects, and will supply water this year to 282,000 acres of deseit 
land. At the present time construction work is going forward on twenty- 
five projects in twelve States and Territories, involving an ultimate expendi- 
ture of 1^,000,000 and the reclamadon of 1,200,000 acres. It has dug i,- 
267 miles of canal, several of which cany whole rivers. Its tunnels are more 
than nine miles long, and the excavadons of earth and rock amount to 
35,000,000 cubic yards, or about one-fourth of the estimated yardage of the 
Panama Canal. It has built ninety-four large structures, including two 
great dams, one in Nevada and one in Idaho. The work of the service 
is giving employment to 10,000 persons, and involves the expenditure 
approximately of f 1,000,000 a month. 

Edward G. Thomas, Sec.y 80 Wall Street, New York, N.Y. 

The secretary has accepted the posidon of manager of the Aero 
Pulverizer Company of No. 80 Wall Street, New York. This com- 
pany manufactures a machine for pulverizing and feeding coal to 
furnaces requiring a high heat. It is largely used in the cement 
industry, for metallurgical furnaces, and has been applied to steam 
boiler work. — E. A. Haskell has just returned from a vacation trip 
in Florida. — J. Eugene Freeman, who was burned out in the San 
Francisco fire, has located his office in the Cohl Building of that city. 
— F. H. Schwarz, who is still mechanical engineer at the Pacific Mills 
at Lawrence, has just finished placing machinery and power to a 
spindle 30,000 mill, and is beginning new plans for more build- 
ings. — Among the work which Brett has recently carried out have 
been a park at South Manchester, Conn., and the arrangement of 
estates of Samuel Cabot, Canton, James J. Storrow, Lincoln, 
Robert Cluett at Williamstown, and Palmer Slade at New London. 
He now makes his home at North Duxbury, Mass. — Carpenter is 
away in search of better health, having suffered recently from ner- 
vousness and overwork. He intends spending some three or four 
weeks in Florida. — ^This season Emery is managing the comedian 

News from the Classes 


B Kennedy.— F. A. Thomas reports that the Pawtucket Foundry 
Company, of which he is treasurer, has sold its entire product for 
1907 and 1908, amounting to over 8600,000. A larger part of this 
product goes abroad. — Conant has returned to business, much im- 
proved by his recent vacation in Europe. Concerning it he has 
e as follows: — 

Left here early in January a year ago with my oldest sor) for Jamaica, 
arriving there on the 16th, just one year previous to the day wc had the 
news of the earthquake. Spent some weeks in various parts of the island, 
and went from there to Bermuda, where my wife and another of my boys 
joined us. Spent six delightful weeks in Bermuda, returning to New York 
the latter part of March, and sailed a few days later for Naples with Mrs. 
Conant and my oldest son, Harold. Upon arrival at Gibraltar on Good 
Friday we had news of the eruption of Vesuvius, which occurred the day 
previousJy. Some of the passengers left the ship at Gibraltar, hesitating 
to continue the voyage. Upon our arrival in Naples, three days later, it 
was found that the reports of the devastation in the vicinity of Vesuvius 
had been by no means exaggerated. At Naples, as far as I could estimate, 
there was an average of some six or eight inches of volcanic dust, which 
had done much damage and created many discomforts for the inhabitants. 
Ashes were still falhng in considerable quantities, and people were going 
about with umbrellas for protection. The city was largely emptied of its 
vistors. We spent a few days at Naples, visiting Pompeii as soon as the 
railroad connections were opened, having a very realistic, if not pleasant, 
experience there. Pompeii happened 10 be so located that for some reason 
or other the fall of ashes was not so heavy there as in most other points, 
tlfus making such a visit possible. I think we were among the very first 
that had visited the ruins since the eruption. 

From Pompeii we went on to the Hay of Salerno, and made the famous 
journey by carriage along the southern coast of the Sorrento Peninsula, 
■pending the night at the old Capuchin monastery. From Naples we went 
on to Rome, spending some ten days there, then to Florence for another 
ten days, and making a similar visit to Venice, thus travelling north with 
the season. From Venice we went on 10 the Iiahan lakes, Switzerland, 
Strasbourg, and into Germany, where we spent six weeks at a watering 
place, where we were joined by my uncle and aunt with their automobile, 
subsequently going to the heart of the Black Forest for the month of July. 
From the Black Forest we went down the Rhine, stopping over at several 

232 The Technology 

places, rejoining my uncle and aunt at London preparatoiy to a delightful 
six weeks' trip through England and Wales in their automobile. 

From England we returned to Germany for another month, finally return- 
ing to London by way of the Rhine and Holland, and sailing for home the 
last of October, after what, you will see, must have been a delightful and 
leisurely journey, as well as a benefidal one in every way. 

— Dr. G. R. Tucker has given up his work at the City Hospital, 
where he has been so many years, to devote his entire time to 
industrial chemistry and bacteriological work, as the head of the 
firm of Tucker & Sanmiet. Their laboratory is at 68 Northampton 
Street, Boston. — Richard £. Schmidt, of the firm of R. £. Schmidt, 
Garden & Martin, is the architect for Montgomery Ward & Co.'s 
new building, which is now being built in Chicago. This building 
is said to be the largest reinforced concrete structure in the world. 
— Gulliver was elected in January, 1907, secretary of the section of 
Geology and Geography of the American Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Science. 

William G. Snow, Sec.^ 1 106 Penn Mutual Building, Boston. 

The Boston Transcript of Feb. 4, 1907, states: — 

Stone & Webster have issued a manual for 1907 giving brief descriptions 
of the various properries under their management, together with summaries 
of capitalization, pardculars regarding their properries, the securiries and 
earnings for the year 1906. Among other things this book shows that 
the combined capitalizarion of the companies under this management 
amounts to 1105,249,200, of which 147,559,000 is in bonds and {57,690,200 
is in stock. The gross earnings of these companies last year amounted 
to |i3,4io»779- The net earnings were 15,048,882. The interest charges 
were 12,035,951; the balance, 13,012,931. The companies paid dividends 
of 11,196,798. 

— Frank M. James has removed from West Lynn to Beverly, Mass., 
where he is associated with the United Shoe Machinery Com- 
pany. — Everett S. Jones is teaching in the Allen School, West 

Newton, Mass. — F. B. Cole is principal 
engineer, at 45 Milk Street, Boston. 

Charles T. Main, 

Prof. W. E. Mott, Sec, Mass. Inst, of Technology, Boston. 

G. M. Basford has been made assistant to the president of the 
American Locomotive Company, a newly created position. — J. W. 
Cartwright is in charge of the Bangor Railway & Electric Light 
Company, of Bangor, Me. — E. V. French has recently been elected 
a member of the Lyrm Water Board. During the latter part of 
1906 Mr. French was elected vice-president and engineer of the 
Arkwright Mutual Fire Insurance Company. He has been con- 
tinuously with the Inspection Department of the Associated Fac- 
tory Mutual Companies since 1892, mainly on special work con- 
nected with the Study of advanced methods of fire prevention and 
the development of fire protection. His new work will be closely 
identified with the old, the Arkwright Company being one of the 
Associated Factory Mutuals, as they are commonly known. In fact, 
it is the second company of the Association in point of siie, and, 
together with the Boston Manufacturers' Mutual Fire Insurance 
Company, of which Kunhardt of our class was elected vice-president 
last year, carries over one-quarter the total insurance in the nine- 
teen companies. It may not be amiss to mention that since 1890 
the science of fire protection has made its greatest strides in this coun- 
try, although, in spite of this, the appalling waste by fire continues to 
mcrease, all of which prevents reduction in rates of insurance on the 
ordinary property in cities and towns. During this same period, 
by the encouragement of improved methods of construction and pro- 
tection, — and French has done his share of the work, — these Factory 
Mutual Companies have succeeded in reducing the insurance cost on 
factory property from an average of about 25 cents in the period 
immediately preceding 1890 to an average of but little over 7 cents 
per hundred dollars of insurance, the actual cost in the last ten years 
varying for the different classes of property between 3^ and 10 cents 


234 The Technology Review 

per hundred dollars of insurance. — Henry Howard has lately re- 
turned from a trip abroad, taken largely in business interests. — 
W. S. Johnson has resigned his position as assistant engineer to the 
Massachusetts State Board of Health, and will enter private practice. 
He is now at work on plans for a water purification plant for the 
city of South Norwalk, Conn. The works will have a capacity of 
3,000,000 gallons per day. His office will be at No. loi Tremont 
Street, Boston. — W. H. Kilham has taken a prominent part in the 
preparation of the recently published '^ Report made to the Boston 
Society of Architects by its Committee on Municipal Improve- 
ments.'' The purpose of this committee was ''to collect and study 
any plans ... for making Boston now, and, as it grows larger, more 
convenient for its inhabitants, better adapted for commerce, and 
more beautiful in appearance.'* In a ''Diagnosis of the Case" 
Kilham gives his opinion of the reason for the unsymmetrical growth 
of the city. It is caused: "First, by the great areas of unoccupied 
space (I^n<l ^^^ water) which lie in the very heart of the city, 
cutting o(F sections from each other and preventing communication. 
Second, by too restrictive building laws, both as to height and ma- 
terial, which are largely responsible for the non-development of some 
of these lands, although at the same time they allow a belt of inflam- 
mable dwellings in the outer wards, and drive many people to 
Brookline, Newton, Cambridge, etc., where their taxable property 
as well as their good qualities of citizenship are lost to Boston." 
These ideas are then enlarged upon, and the "Diagnosis" closes 
with the following pertinent remarks: "In short, to improve Boston, 
consolidate the population by filling the gaps in the city plan. 
Avoid congestion by enlarging the business district, and keep within 
the city limits the prosperous and educated class that now goes to 
the suburbs." An inner and an outer system of boulevards encir- 
cling the city and connecting the nearer suburbs are among the rem- 
edies suggested, as well as some changes in the development of the 
Fenway. That '89 has played an important part in the study of 
a question which is bound to compel more and more attention on the 
part of the people of Boston is attested further by the part which 
J. E. Chandler took in the report of this same committee. On April 

News from the Classes 

4, in connection with the Boston Library Free Lecture Course, Kil- 
ham will deliver a lecture on "Spanish Cathedrals." — W. W. Lewis 
is now chairman of the Board of Water Commissioners of Hyde 
Park, Mass. — At the January meeting of the American Institute of 
Architects, held in Washington, D.C., J. L. Mauran was elected a 
director of the Institute. — W. G. Plumer is in the leather business, 
and his address is Girard, Penn. — Through misinformation and 
ignorance on the part of the class secretary a reference was made 
in the last number of the Review which implied that F. E. Sanborn 
is still at Tufts College. Such is not the case; and in a letter recently 
received he states that in addition to his regular work as Professor 
of Industrial Arts in Ohio State University he is now a member of a 
recently organized company for carrying on a consulting engineering 
practice- — A new reprint of "Industrial Chemistry," by Professor 
Thorp, will shortly appear from the press of the Macmillan Company. 
Professor Thorp is this year in charge of that portion of the second- 
year work in Analytical Chemistry taken by Courses V., VIII., X., 
and Xil. — G. C. Wales has recently dissolved one partnership 
and formed a secondl He was married in April last, and is now 
in business on an independent basis at No. 15 Beacon Street, Boston. 
— Jasper Whiting is at Rumford Falls, Me., engaged in experiment- 
ing upon a new chlorine process for the manufacture of caustic 
soda and bleaching powder .^Frederick E. Woodbury is connected 
with the Milwaukee Coke and Gas Company. His address is 23 
University Building, Lock Box 1619, Milwaukee, Wis.^Sanford 
s recently removed into new offices at Newton 
During the past year he has been engaged upon 
o concrete and reinforced concrete in Massachu- 
and Pennsylvania. "Concrete, Plain and Rein- 
r and Thompson, is now selling in its sixth thou- 
lal record for a technical book. — Schuyler 

E. Thorn ps{ 
Highlands, Mass. 
projects relating 
setts, New York, 
forced," by Tayl( 
sand, — a somewhat 

Hazard is with the New Yotk, New Haven & Hartford Railroad, 
in charge of four-tracking and electrifying the Harlem Division. — 
J. P. B. Fiskc, vice-president of Fiske & Co., Inc., is located in 
the Flatiron Building, New York City, but his family is still living 
in Auburndale, Mass. 

236 The Technology Review 


Georgb L. Gilmore, Sec^ Lexington, Mass. 

The foUowing is from the Boston Post of February 23d: — 

Pro fe ssor Gaiy N. Calkins, Ph.D., a graduate of the Nfassachusetts 
Insdtitte of Techiiolog)r in 1890, and for several years professor of inverte- 
brate xoologjr at Columbia University, has just been appointed to the new 
chair of protozoology, the study of the lowest form of animal life, re- 
centlT created at Columbia, at the last meeting of the trustees. 

This chair is the first of its kind in the United States and the second in 
the EngUsh-speaking world, the first, at the University College at London, 
having been founded only a few months ago. 

Prof. Wiluam A. Johnson, Sec, Mass. Inst, of Tech., Boston. 

The following changes in address have been received since the 
last issue of the Review. B. P. DuBois, United States steamship 
"Missouri," care Postmaster, New York, N.Y. — P. A. Hopkins, 
801 Provident Building, 50 South 4th Street, Philadelphia, Pa. — 
S. B. Ely, 5122 Pembroke Place, Pittsburg, Pa.— A. G. Randlett, 
Pacific Coast Oil Company, Division B, Oakland, Cal. 

Frederic H. Fay, Sec, 60 City Hall, Boston. 

At the Boston City Club, January 23, an informal luncheon was 
given by Leo W. Pickert, class president, to Joseph W. Ellms, of 
Cincinnati, Ohio. Ellms has been located at Cincinnati for the 
last nine years, and for eight years has been chemist for the Com- 
missioners of Water Works of that city. Present at the luncheon 
were Bemis, Crosby, Dawes, Ellms, Fay, F. B. Forbes, Keith, A. L. 
Kendall, H. A. Morss, and Pickert. — An informal class dinner was 
held at the Boston City Club on the 22d of March. In the evening. 

News from the Classes 


n the invitation of Charles Garrison, '91, the members attended 
a private recital of the chorakejo at Chipman Hall, Tremont Temple. 
After the recital the members adjourned to the Boston City Club, 
where the remainder of the evening was spent in a social way. Those 
present were: Barnes, Blood, S, A. Breed, Densmore, Fay, Glidden, 
Keith, F. B. Kendall, Keyes, Lamb, E. S. Page, Pickert, Reynolds, 
Taimor, Taylor, and Thorndike ('94). — Albert Richard Beddall, 
M.D., is located at 5319 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. — Maurice 
B. Biscoe, architect, who removed to Denver, Col., not long ago, 
and has opened an office in (he Commonwealth Building of that 
city, is the newly elected secretary of the Rocky Mountain Tech- 
nology Club. — Farley G. Clark is superintendent of motive power 
of the Pennsylvania, New York & Long Island R.R. His address 
is Founh and Front Streets, Long Island City, N.Y. — Nathaniel 
R. Craighill has a position as electrical and mechanical engineer 
with the Mechanical Apphance Company, Milwaukee, Wis. — W. W. 
Crosby is with F. W. Dean, 53 State Street, and devotes his time 
principally to problems connected with the organization and design 
of textile mills. — Herbert N. Dawes, vice-president of the Nighdng- 
gale & Childs Company, has recently become secretary, also, of 
the Dominion Asbestos Company, Limited. His office has been 
moved to 205 Congress Street, Boston. — James Vaughan Dennett, 
cabinet maker and furniture designer, formerly of Hingham, is lo- 
cated at South Framingham, Mass. — Something of Arthur Farwell's 
work in behalf of American music, as composer, lecturer, and editor 
of the ffa-ffan Press, is already known to the readers of the Review, 
By diligent and painstaking research he has brought to light and 
preserved in permanent form much in American folk-song. Speak- 
ing of a lecture given by him on the 22c) of March, the Boston Tran- 
script of the following day said : — 

A brilliant audience assembled at the Tuileries Ian evening at the joint 
meeting of the American Folk-lore Society and the American Music Society 
to linen to the lecture of Arthur Farwell on "American Music." It is a 
tubject about which there has been much controversy, the faces of many 
musidans being unalterably set towards Europe. T\\\% is no longer neces- 
nty.for in almott everything else we have set up standards of out own. We 


238 The Technology Review 

have, however, a great cosmopolitan coimtiyy a bring^ig together of many 
elements, each of which is giving its best to us in divers ways, and will, if 
called upon, give its best to us in the way of music. Illustrations on die 
piano showed that Russia, Scandinavia, France, Germany, and the like 
have schools in which not only the folk-song, which is the basis, but the 
treatment, is peculiar to that nation. We can recognize many of these styles 
at once. 

In America the case is veiy different, for not only are there the many for- 
eign elements which are being assimilated, but there are many sources of 
folk-song. In the South there is the creole and the negro. Dvorak found 
among the Seminoles melodies that pleased him, although his great sym- 
phony work was done with negro melodies. In the West there is the cow- 
boy influence which has developed its rude songs, there are everywhere the 
Indians, and on the West coast there is the Spanish. Elach of these has its 
own characteristic themadc material for music, and all have claim for 
recognidon. The speaker, therefore, believes that the rime has come for 
an American music, and that it will be an expression of liberty, just as all our 
insdturions are founded on the same broad principle. 

The musical illustrarions of the evening were, the greater pordon of them, 
setdngs made by Mr. Farwell, selecdng themes which are well known or 
have been found by him in his researches. The numbers evinced surprising 
research, and demanded much travel and study for their coUecdon. They 
included "Moanin' Dove," a negro song, a theme from Vancouver, two 
setdngs of Omaha melodies, one of which, ''The Old Man's Love Song, 
is pardcularly striking and plaindve; "Bury me out on the Lone Prairee, 
a cow-boy melody, a suite of airs from a ceremony of the Omahas and a 
Navajo war dance. These in part were presented by Mr. Farwell at the 
piano, while in the way of a surprise to the company, Qarence Wilson, who 
has evinced great interest in the development of this work, sang with splen- 
did voice the darky song, the cow-boy song, one from the West coast, with 
its prevailing Spanish rhythm, and the striking Zuni invocadon to the sun. 

— Ira J. Francis is sales agent of the John A. Roebling Sons Com- 
pany at 326 East Market Street, Los Angeles, Cal. — Edward McKim 
Hagar, president of the Universal Portland Cement Company, will 
be located after May i in the Commercial Bank Building, Chicago. 
His company has furnished about eighty thousand barrels of cement 
for the Montgomery Ward & Co.'s new building in Chicago. This 

News from the Classes 239 

building is said to be the largest reinforced concrete structure in 
the world, — Charles H, Johnson is the civil engineer in charge of the 
making (in concrete) of a large relief map of the Panama Canal at 
the Jamestown Exposition. — Mr. and Mrs. Charles W. Ellis, of 
Newtonville, Mass., announce the engagement of their daughter. 
Miss Annie Claflin Ellis, to Frederic Hale Keyes. — The address of 
Albert T. Marshall, refrigerating engineer, is 630 Capitol Avenue, 
Hartford, Conn. — Benjamin M. Mitchell has returned from Jo- 
hannesburg, South Africa, where for several years he has been assist- 
ant general manager for Eraser & Chalmers, Limited, His present 
address is 244 Lafayette Avenue, Passaic, N.J, At the Technology 
Club of New York, in March, Mitchell gave a talk upon his experi- 
ences in the Boer War, in which he held a commission in the British 
army. — Edward Gardner Pease is engaged in the manufacture of 
engines, steam litters' supplies, and cotton and linseed oil machinery 
at the Buckeye Iron and Brass Works, Dayton, Ohio. — Edward 
Bryant Randall, formerly of Chicago, has gone into mining work. 
His address is care Big Creek Gold Mining Company, Limited, 
Salmon, Ida. — Charles M. SpofFord, professor of civil engineering 
at the Polytechnic Institute, Brooklyn, N.Y., intends to spend the 
•ummer abroad, in company with his family, visiting England, 
France, Switzerland, where most of their time will be spent, and 
Germany. — Charles W. Taintor, formerly bond salesman with Will- 
iam A. Read k Co., has recently become associated with the firm 
of Tucker, Hayes & Co., bankers and brokers, in charge of their 
newly opened bond department. — S. Edgar Whitaker, electric rail- 
way engineer, is office manager for The American Society of 
Mechanical Engineers at the new Engineers Building, 29 Weet 
Thirty-ninth Street, New York City. 

H, K. Barkows, S«., 6 Beacon Street, Boston. 

f Haven announces that he will continue his association with Mr. 

I F. W. Dean, formerly of Dean & Main, at 53 State Street, Boston, 

240 The Technology Review 

for the maintenance of a department in refrigerating engineering 
and its allied branches. He will give attention to the design of cold 
storage warehouses, power houses, cooling and freezing plants, to 
reports, tests, consultations, etc. Haven has had an extensive 
experience in matters pertaining to refrigeration gained with the 
Quincy Market Cold Storage Company and later with Dean & 
Main. — ^W. S. Williams has been recently made purchasing agent 
for the Arnold Print Works at North Adams, Mass. He announces 
the birth of a daughter, Florence Dorothea, bom January 7. — 
Cobum is with the Illinois Steel Company at their South Works, 
learning the running of an open hearth furnace. His address is 
88th and Buffalo Avenue, South Chicago, 111. — Fran9ois E. Matthes 
writes the secretary as follows: — 

My address from now on will be United States Geological Survey, Wash- 
ington, D.C. Have completed my Yosemite map, and am starting back 
to the East via the Southern States, making a number of stops on the way 
to inspect topographic field parties, especially in Arizona, New Mexico, 
and Texas. Wish I could be present at the class meeting. 

— H. D. Jackson reports change of office address from 4 State Street 
to 88 Broad Street, Boston, where he will have enlarged office room 
and increased facilities for work. He is busy as an electrical engi- 
neer, making power tests and investigating plants for brokers, etc.; 
is also doing experimental work to improve the operation of a weav- 
ing machine. — Dyer is a contractor and builder, with offices in the 
Albany Trust Company Building at Albany, N.Y. After leaving 
the Institute, he was for some time with Jonathan Clark & Sons, 
builders, of Chicago (of which firm F. W. Clark, M. I. T. *8o, is a 
member), and superintended the construction of buildings in various 
parts of the country, notably the Albany Savings Bank Building 
and Ten Eyck Hotel in Albany, the Park Building in Pittsburg, 
etc. Some six or seven years ago Dyer started in for himself at 
Albany, and is now doing work all through Eastern and Southern 
New York. He has recently completed "The Hampton" in Albany, 
a very attractive-looking eight-story hotel, with brown sandstone 
front and of the latest up-to-date form of construction. — Hunt is 

News from the Classes 


once more in Boston, being located 
as assistant electrical engineer for t 
Company and Boston & Northern ! 
the last three years he has been i 
engineering assistant to the generi 
Traction, Light, and Power Ci 
most important 1 
power plants and 
is that at Garvin's Falls, one of the finest 

S4 State Street, Room 521, 


rn Street Railway Company. For 

;n at Manchester, N.H., acting as 

neral manager of the Manchester 

pany. This company is one of the 

Merrimac River, and operates four water 

steam power plant. One of their newer plants 

ileges upon the Merri- 

mac River. Hunt's new held of work is largely along t 
lines, although there is also considerable engineering work in con- 
nection with the operation and maintenance of these two roads. — 
Howe is at Columbus, Ohio, as resident engineer, in charge of the 
construction of the Water Purification Works Pumping Station. — 
Swift is department engineer on the Board of Water Supply for 
New York City, his present address being Cornwall-on-Hudson, 
N.Y.— Gay reports change of address to Union Club, New 
York, — Gardiner is now at Baltimore, 319 Equitable Building. — 
Far<]uhar is at Santa Monica, Cal. — Wolfe's address is now 16 
Orange Avenue, Cranford, N. J.— Alden is at Hotel Lincoln, Colum- 
bus, Ohio. He is in charge of long-distance work of the American 
Telegraph and Telephone Company in Ohio. — Ames is at 17 Fair- 
field Place, Yonkers, N.Y. — Blodgett reports change of address to 
24 State Street, New York.— J. H. Bourne is now at 2 St. James 
Avenue, Bradford, Mass.— Brackett is still with the J. L. Mon 
Iron Works. They have recently moved to I20 5th Avenue, N.Y. 
— S. K. Oapp is at Brown Station. N.Y., where he is engaged as 
assistant engineer on the Board of Water Supply for New York 
City.— C. H. Clark has recently moved his business to 88 Broad 
Street, Boston, Mass.— Crafts is now at Oberhn, Ohio. — Dickerman 
is at 1 1 10 Mound Street, Madison, Wis. He is assistant professor 
of chemical engineering at the University of Wisconsin. — L.A. 
^bbot is now in the engineering department of the American Loco- 
motive Company at Schenectady, N. Y. — McManus is in contract- 
ing work, principally on railroads in Canada, and is now at St. 
<^asimer, Portneuf County, Quebec. — Libby is back again in the 

242 The Technology Review 

East, and is at 328 Forest Park Avenue, Springfield, Mass. — 
Sherman has given his time since graduation chiefly to the com- 
piling, editing, and publishing of technical books, and has of late 
made a specialty of engineering and mechanical catalogues. This 
double training, in technical work and in the details of publishing, 
appears to aSbrd a basis for effective catalogue work, and manu- 
facturers of machinery appreciate the advantage of having the 
preparation of their catalogues in the hands of a technical gradate 
trained in advertising and publishing methods. The work appears 
to constitute a unique and valuable specialty, for ^ich, however, 
many years of close preparatory work have been requisite. Sher- 
man's offices are at 6 Beacon Street, Boston. — ^A meeting of the 
class was held on February 5 at the Technology Qub, there 
being present F. A. Bourne, J. H. Bourne, Hunt, Jackson, President 
£. A. Tucker, and the secretary. It was voted to amend Article I. 
of the Constitution by striking out the words, ''All students who 
have taken a majority of studies with the class of '95 for two or 
more years," and substituting, ''All students ^o have appeared 
upon the records of the Institute as taking one or more subjects 
with the class shall be considered members, except when electing 
otherwise." So that this article will now read, "All students who 
have taken a degree with the class shall be considered its members, 
and all students who have appeared upon the records of the Insti- 
tute as taking one or more subjects with the class shall be consid- 
ered members, except when electing otherwise." Under Article 
VIII. of the Class Constitution the above amendment to Article I. 
is now operative, having been approved by vote at two successive 
meetings. A notice of this change will shortly be sent to all mem- 
bers of '95 (as thus redefined) to procure an up-to-date list of these. 
It was also voted to instruct the secretary to call to the attention 
of the Association of Class Secretaries at some future meeting this 
action of the class in thus enlarging its membership by including 
men who have been affiliated with it, as a measure which should 
perhaps be considered for adoption by other classes. A dozen or 
more men expressed their intention of being present at this meet- 
ing, but, owing to the severe storm which prevailed, did not 

News from the Classes 


Although numbers 1 


very pies 

was spent, during which a telegram of greeting was received from 
Lonngren at Pueblo, Col., as follows: "Greetings from the Rocky 
Mountains to Class of Ninety-five." 

^^1 Edward S. Mansfield, Sec, yo State Street, Boston. 

On the 15th of January E. C. Hultman was married to Elizabeth 
Blake at 21Q Commonwealth Avenue, Chestnut Hill. After May I 
Mr. and Mrs. Hultman will be at home at 219 Washington Street, 
Quincy, Mass. — N. C. Grover, formerly of Washington, D.C., has 
recently moved to 81 North i8th Street, East Orange, N.J. — On 
March 12 H. A. Pressey, of Washington, D.C., delivered an 
address before the National Geographic Society of Washington, on 
"Utilizing the Surface Waters of the United States for Power." — On 

Sept. 13, 1906, a 
live in North Hai 
nounced that he n 
living in Philadelphia 
Cannon is e 

, Mass.— 

) Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Brooks, who 
-Word from A. W. Crawford an- 
married early in 1906 to Miss Cohen, and is 
, Pa., where he is practising law. — Lewis T. 
n the practice of architecture in Salt Lake City, 
Utah. — A. L. Drum has left the Chicago & Milwaukee Electric 
Railway, and is now in business as a consulting engineer, with an 
office in the American Trust Building in Chicago, III, — A. K. 
Downes has left the Weber Railway Joint Company, and has ac- 
cepted the position of assistant construction superintendent with 
J. G. White & Co. of New York.— Henry Gardner, of Pittsburg. 
Pa., was married to Miss Julia Streeter, of Concord, N.H.. on 
Sept. 29, 1906. They are now residing at "The Cornell" on 
Thomas Boulevard, Pittsburg.— On Oct. 23. 1906, Max Hellman 
was married to Miss Helen Schwab. Their home address is now 
4256 West Pine Street, St. Louis. Mo. — James H. Haste, manager 
of the Kodak Park Works of the Eastman Kodak Company, was 
married on Nov. 25, 1906, to Miss Hannah M. HinchclifFe, and 
now resides at 4 Gorsline Street, Rochester. N.Y. — Henry A. Sher- 


244 The Technology Review 

man was married to Miss Lillian J. Wright on Jan. 2, 1907. Their 
home address is 9 Chauncy Place, Jamaica Plain. — John H. Willis 
was married to Miss Gertrude A. Ball on Oct. 10, 1906. Mr. and 
Mrs. Willis are now at home at 1430 Arch Street, Berkeley, Cal. — 
On May i the secretary contemplates changing his office from 70 
State Street to 39 Boylston, where he will be glad to see any '96 
men or receive news of their whereabouts. 

John A. Collins, Jr., Sec.^ 74 Saunders Street, Lawrence, Mass. 

The secretary has sent out a circular letter with a reply data sheet, 
and he asks that members return these sheets promptly, thus aiding 
him in his work. — John E. Carty (L), formerly with the sewer de- 
partment, city of Boston, is now in the engineering department. — 
Charles L. W. Pettee (V.) is a member of the Hartford Laboratory 
Company, Hartford, Conn., that does general analytical work, 
particularly steel, iron, coals, and oils. He has twice received the 
appointment of "State Chemist," each time being for two years. 
In March of this year he was appointed by the Bureau of Internal 
Revenue, Treasury Department, chemist for denaturants for the 
Connecticut district. — James M. Brown (II. )> formerly with the 
Stirling Consolidated Boiler Company, Mansfield, Ohio, is now 
assistant general manager of the Casey-Hedges Company, Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn. — William E. Reed (VI.), who is with the Westinghouse 
Electric and Manufacturing Company, has direct charge of the design 
of all induction motors put out by this company. — Harry B. Hunt 
(II.) is manager of the electric locomotive and truck department 
of the American Locomotive Company, Schenectady. — A. E. Kim- 
berly, who is in Columbus, Ohio, with the Ohio State Board of 
Health, working on sewage purification and water softening, has 
since January of this year been working in collaboration with the 
United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. 
— Walter Humphreys (II.)> registrar of the Institute, has been 
appointed instructor in mechanism, in addition to his regular duties. 

News from the Classes 


— T. C. Atwcwd (1.) is designing engineer with the Board of Water 
Supply, New York City. 

Prof. C.-E. A. Winslow, Sec, Hotel Oxford, Boston. 

Cofiin is now instructor in physics in the college of the City of 
New York. His home address is 17 Lexington Avenue. — Page has 
moved out to Sedaiia, Col., acting there as resident engineer of the 
E. I. Du Pont Company. — Zimmerman has left Chicago, and is 
now at lioi Hennen Building, New Orleans, as contracting agent 
for the American Bridge Company of New York. — Dr. F. L. Rich- 
ardson has taken an olBce at 1074 Boylston Street, near Massachu- 
setts Avenue. — Shedd is now at 6512 Stewart Avenue, Chicago. He 
is inspector of iron bridge erection for the Chicago & North West- 
ern. — Byam is superintending the construction in the electric zone 
of the Grand Central Station, New York. — Streng has moved to 
Louisville, Ky., as chief engineer of the Kentucky Electric Com- 
pany, with address at 1525 Third Avenue. — Treat sends his address 
as 398 Spring Street, Portland, Me.— Philbrick has left Chicago for 
the west coast, and may be reached at the Spokane Club, Spokane, 
Wash. — Sawtelle is now with the American Telephone and Tele- 
graph Company, 125 Milk Street, Boston. — Everett has moved to 
Seattle, and is practising architecture at 426 Walker Building, 
Seattle, Wash. — Dr. H. W. Jones has accepted an appointment as 
surgeon in the United States army, and is now on duty in Manila. — 
Hayden is now in Denver, at 303 Colorado Building.— Monteith has 
left Boston for the Pacihc coast, to take an appointment as superin- 
tendent of parks in Portland, Ore. — Spaulding sends a new address, 
28 West Street, Pittsfield, Mass. He is junior member of the firm 
of Barnes & Spaulding, civil engineers and surveyors. — Bacon is 
locating engineer for the La Dicha & Pacific Railroad at Apartado 
25, Acapuico, Guerrero, Mex. — Booth is also in Mexico with the 
Montezuma Copper Company at Nacozari, Sonora, Mex.^ — Bergen 
has travelled in the opposite direction, to take a position with the 
Yukon Consolidated Gold Fields Company and North-west Hydrau- 

I I lUUHi \.^nBoiidati 

246 The Technology Review 

lie Mining Company at Dawscm, Yukon, Canada (Box 940). — 
Draper is now at Chrome, N. J., with the United States Metals Re- 
fining Company. — Crowell has returned to Boston as salesman for 
the Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company, 716 Board 
of Trade Building. — ^Thayer has been appointed instructor in struct- 
ural engineering at the Carnegie Technical Schools, Pittsburg. 
His address is 712 S. Linden Avenue. — Strickland wrote as follows, 
December 4, from the office of the San Juan Light and Transit 
Company, San Juan, Porto 

Have just spent a few hours reading die July and October issues of the 
Review, in the former of which you had me down as being in the construe- 
tioD department of the chief engineer of the Susquehanna Central Railway 
Company of Pennsylvania. As a matter of fact, / was the chief engineer^ 
being the representative of J. G. White & Co. (construction department). 
However, that is over, and I am now J. G. White & Co.'s engineer for Porto 

I have charge of the construction of a new hjdro-dectric plant of 3,000 
H. P., including 24 feet concrete dam, 2,300 feet tunnel, power^iouse trans- 
mission line, and sub-stations, etc. Am also making surveys for the exten- 
sion of the above railroad to be electrically operated. I am wrestling with 
Spanish and ignorant engineers and laborers, but expect to get results soon. 

On the 26th of December Strickland was married at St. John's 
Church, San Juan, to Miss Margaret Field Lewis, daughter of Mrs. 
George Lewis. — Danforth, in response to a pressing request for in- 
formation, from the secretary, writes as follows: — 

Up to about two years ago I was in Pittsburg, following the straight and 
narrow path of an assistant mechanical engineer in the offices of the West- 
inghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company. My health was not of 
the best, thanks to the smoky climate and the confinement, so I came East, 
and became an inspector on a large concrete sewer which was being put in 
for the city of Salem. The work agreed with me; and somehow I seemed 
to agree with the engineers in charge well enough that I was given charge 
in succession of the placing of some 2,000 feet of 5-foot C. I. pipe across 
a neck of Salem Harbor, then of about 10,000 feet of 30-inch C. I. pipe in 
water from 8 feet to 35 feet deep at low tide, and finally of two secdons. 

News from the Classes 


about 4,000 feel, of 60-i 

The placing of the 30-inch pipi 

noiewoithy in that ihe joi 
over jme, just lite a wan 
other piece of work of this 
Late last fall 1 made s( 
general contracting bus 

n the pipe - 

through bad ground near tide- 

t into the harbor was specially 

e all made with hot lead poured 

ie joint, and also because there is but one 

on the Atlantic coast. 

business arrangements by which I started a 
ipecializing on concrete work, and have -so 
far done a section of 48 inch concrete sewer for the city of Salem and a high- 
way bridge at Waters River, Danvers, Mass., for Essex County, and I am 
figuring several jobs which will be let next month, among them being a con* 
Crete dam, another piece of concrete sewer, and the concrete pieces for an 
iron bridge. 

— On Saturday, March 2, a very pleasant reunion was held at the 
Tech Union in joint session with the ten-year class of 1908. The 
following account is extracted from the Teeb of March 4: — 

'98 and '08 started a new custom in great style Saturday evening at their 
tlommers at the Union. Ninety men were present, tvfcnty-iwo of them 
being '98 men, and five members of the University of Maine basLet-hall 
team. Professor C.-E. A. Winslow, secretary of 1898, and H. T. Gerrish, 
president of 1908, acted as loastm asters. 

The speakers were Professor Winslow, A. A. Packard, H. L. Cobum, 
W. H. Godfrey, K. W. Waterson, and D. W. Edgerly, of the class of 1898, 
and G. T. Glover and Kun Vonnegut, of the class of 1908. 

During the dinner a telegram was sent to the North-western Alumni Asso- 
ciation, which was holding a dinner at the University Club, Chicago. The 
telegtam said : " '08 and '98 dining at Tech Union pause before their sixth 
beet to send greetings." 

Professor Winslow gave a new definition for Tech spirit in his speech. 
He said that the Tech spirit is the scientific spirit, whichno one but scientists 
and engineers possess. The scientist feels that there are certain faas con- 
cerning the world, and he learns these facts, so as to control the world. The 
world i« a fact, and, far from being ignored, must be studied. 

It used to be a fact that the talkers and thinkers ran the world, but now 
rs, who know facts and go by them, ate coming 


These men are working to make the world r 
"At Yale," said Professor Winslow, "they have a custom of standing up 
d saying, 'For God, for Country, and for Vale.' It is a fine thing, but 

I "J\t Yaie, said fto 

L aad saying, 'For God, 

248 The Technology Review 

I think we can have a better motive for our life, — 'For Truth, for Service, 
for Technology.* " 

Hervey J. Skinner, Sec, 93 Broad Street, Boston. 

Arthur I. Kendall has resigned his position at Panama, where he 
was connected with the Board of Health Laboratory of the Isthmian 
Canal Zone, and is now director of the Florida State Bacteriological 
Laboratory. — ^W. A. Kingman reports the arrival of a young lady 
into his home on Dec. 23, 1906. The new-comer bears the name 
Elizabeth Alden Kingman. — ^A. A. Reynolds died at Altadena, Cal., 
on Sept. 14, 1906, aged thirty-three years. Reynolds was also a 
Williams ('97) man, and after leaving the Institute was an instructor 
at Williams. — ^W. S. Newell was married Jan. 23, 1907, to Miss 
Caroline Elizabeth Moulton, daughter of the Hon. George Moulton, 
of Bath, Me. The wedding took place at the Central Congregational 
Church, Bath. Mr. and Mrs. Newell made an extended trip through 
Cuba immediately after their marriage. — Harry L. Morse, now a 
lieutenant in the United States Army, is located at Fortress Monroe, 
Va. — ^W. H. SutlifF, who is with the Trussed Steel Concrete Com- 
pany, has been transferred from Detroit to Cleveland. — ^Among the 
bulletins of the United States Geological Survey may be found 
several references to the work of W. C. Phalen. Bulletin 285 con- 
tains a paper by Phalen on the coal resources of the Kenova Quad- 
rangle in Kentucky. In the same bulletin are accounts of Phalen's 
work on the clay resources of North-eastern Kentucky and the 
copper deposits near Luray, Va. Another paper by Phalen appeared 
in Economic Geology, July, 1906, on the "Origin and Occurrence 
of Certain Iron Ores of North-eastern Kentucky." Phalen also 
reports the birth of a "skidoo" baby, Walter Clifton, born Sept. 
23, 1906. — ^W. Scott Matheson's present address is Seattle, Wash. 
He has recently gone to Seattle from Nevada. — ^Announcement was 
received at the secretary's office recently of the death of James S. 
Barber, Sept. 15, 1900. — Mr. and Mrs. W. O. Sawtelle are receiv- 
ing congratulations on the birth of a daughter, Louise Kaler Sawtelle^ 

News from the Classes 


Jan. 20, 1907. — C. Gardner Barry writes from New York that he is 
sdll spending most of his time in the Pennsylvania tunnels, and that 
the connpressed air agrees with him.^ — Among the recent publications 
of the United States Geological Survey are Water Supply and Irriga- 
tion Papers, No. 189 by E. B. Phelps, on "The Prevention of 
Stream Pollution by Strawboard Wastes," also No. 185 by E. B. 
Phelps and C.-E. A. Winslow, on "Investigations on the Purifica- 
tion of Boston Sewage." The latter paper contains a history of the 
Sewage Disposal Problem. — Haven Sawyer was in Boston for a 
few days in March. Sawyer is at present developing a mining 
property in Idaho. — The engagement has lately been announced of 
Edwin F. Samuels to Miss Kate Tindall, of Washington, D.C. 
Samuels has resigned his position as examiner in the United States 
Patent Office, and is now with Stuart & Stuart, patent attorneys, 
in Baltimore. 

Richard Wastcoat, Sec, Dedham, Mass. 

The secretary's want ad. in the last number, asking for informa- 
tion and items of interest about class members, developed no "un- 
solicited testimonials." Now the c|uestion arises whether to increase 
the space or try some other method. The latter would seem to be 
the course to take, and the secretary is open for suggestions. In 
running over a catalogue that the secretary has made up, showing 
the location of the men according to States, he thought it might be 
interesting to start Down East, in Maine, and take a trip around 
the United States. Staning in Maine, we find Burroughs (K.) in 
Rumford Falls and Moody (XIII.) in Bath. Jumping over to 
New Hampshire, Pitcher (II.) is in Keene, Richardson is in Pel- 
ham, Everett (I.) and I. Osgood (II.) in Concord. Then down 
to the "Hub," Bowditch, Brown, Briggs, Charles. Cotting, Gibbs, 
Jennings, Russell, Stearns, Wastcoat, Wedlock, Weeden, and 
Cutting, all of Course I.; Ashley, Burnham, Graff. Hodson, 
Learnard, Lingley, Smith, Walworth, Warren, and Horton, of 
Course II.; Emery (III.), Beckman, Kattclle, and Rand, Course 


250 The Technology Review 

IV.; McCrudden, Lewis, and Melcher, V.; Neall, Penard, and 
Corliss, VI.; Peck, VIII.; Draper, Howe, and Weeks, IX.; Brig- 
ham, X. ; Simpson and Wentforth, XIII. Scattered over the State, 
Adams and Ripley (V.) are in Lawrence; Conant (VI.), Newbury- 
port; Brock (VIII.), Worcester; Fitch (V.), Peabody; HapgQod 
(VI.), Lynn; Crowell (I.), East Dennis; and Borden (II.)) in 
Fall River. Rhode Island has French (V.) in Providence and 
Sherman (IV.) in Westerly. Ansonia is probably the most at- 
tractive place in Connecticut, for Suhr (II.) and Schneller (II.) 
were there at last accounts. "Manhattan Isle" is being well 
cared for by Hamlin, Harps, Jouett, Searle, Redman, Suter, Tuck, 
and Tudbury, of Course I.; Brooks, Goodridge, McGowan, and 
Zeigler, Course II.; Clow, Pigeon, and Van Merrick, IV.; Ellis, 
v.; Blair, Hall, Keith, and Hopkins, VI.; Brown, X.; Barney and 
Wyman, XIII. Up State there is Stone (I.) in Cold Springs, Hooper 
(Kill.) and Fulton (VI.) in Albany, Chase (II.) and Ingalls (II.) 
in Syracuse, Hopeman (IV.) in Rochester, Silverman (VI.) in Olean, 
Sanders (V.) and Vogel (I.) in Buffalo. Going over into Jersey, 
Reimer (I.) is in East Orange, and Edson (II.) in Elizabethport. 
In Pennsylvania, Philadelphia leads in numbers, with Miller, I.; 
Maxfield, II.; Brown, VI.; Conant, VII.; Hussey, Macpherson, 
and Rossmassler, XIII. Scattered among the other cities, Camp- 
bell (III.) and Witherell (XIII.) are in Harrisburg, Seaver (I.) in 
Pittsburg, Briggs (XIII.) in McKeesport, Price (IV.) in Pencoyd, 
Badlam (III.) in Steelton, and Morgan (VII.) in York. Keeping 
further South, Luyties (11.) is in Baltimore, Md., and Stratton 
(IV.) and Southworth (IV.) are in Annapolis. Smith (I.), Gard- 
ner (II.), Lawrence (IV.), and Cady (VI.) are in Washington; 
Thurber (I.) and Dean (VI.) are in Norfolk, Va.; Ashley (X.) is 
in Newall, W. Va.; Collier (VI.) and Walker ,(IV.) are both in 
Atlanta, Ga., Chaffee (IV.) in Birmingham, Ala., Porter (XI.) 
in New Orleans, La.; Littlefield (VI.) is in Nashville, and Ste- 
vens (III.) in Copperhill, Tenn. Coming back into the Central 
States, Brown (V.) and Buffum (II.) are in Cleveland, Ohio, 
Mead (X.) in Dayton, Rapp (IV.) and Thayer (V.) in Cincinnati, 
and Dorey (III.) in Newark. Going west into Indiana, Davis 

News from the Classes 251 

fix.) is in Lafayette, and Fosdick (Xl.) in Indianapolis. In Illi- 
nois, Chicago leads all the Western cities, claiming Chase and 
Leonard, I.; Schmidt and Hough, II.; Jackson, IV.; Cayvan and 
Hoibrook, v.; Barton and Herbert. VI.; Hall, VII.; Merrell, X. 
The remaining States west of the Mississippi claim only one or 
two men, and there are many miles between them. Root (III-) is 
in Hazel Green, Wis., Balcom (V.) in Ann Arbor, and Perry 
(II.), Grand Rapids, Mich. In Minnesota, Sperry (II.) is in 
Minneapolis. Manley (II.) is in Kansas City,, and Clausen 
(IV.) in Davenport, la. Down in Texas, Conant (VI.) is in 
Dallas, and Paul (l\.) over in Mesilla Park, N.M. In Colorado, 
Gauss (IX.) is at Colorado Springs, Batcheller (III.) in Smuggler, 
and Moulton aH) in Telluride. Johnson (111.) is at Millers, Nev.. 
and Roberts (III.) at Great Falls, Mont. Down the Pacific Coast 
Seattle, Wash., leads with Allen and Frink, 11.; Bugbee, HI.; and 
Hunt, XIIL; and N. Yakima claims Oxnard, L; Plummer (HI.) is 
in Placerville, Cal., Barker (VI.) in Ventura, While (I.) in Los 
Angeles, Cook (I.) at Cavite, P.L, and Knight (V.) in Porto Rico. 
And, in foreign countries, Gallagher (VI.) is in Germany, Stewart 
and Ford (IV.) in France, Hirokawa (VI, ) in Japan, Patch (X.) 
in Syria, Mott-Smith (VI.) in Italy, Kendall (VII.) in Panama, 
Shapley (X.) in Cuba. Clary, Elbert, and Tweedy (111.) in Mex- 
ico, and Keay (IL), Leach (HL), and Johnson (X.) in Canada.— 
Brooks (11.) writes as follows;— 

All ihar I can give you now is that I have bten commissioned lieutenant 
in the Naval Militia as engineer officer of the United States steamship 
"NeTvark" (900 H. P.), and in compliance with the recent law I have 
been examined, and now hold a license as Marine Chief Engineer for 
unlimited horse-power. 

The Naval Milida, as I have said before, offers an exceptional oppor- 
tunity to young men who desire to augment their theory by a practical 
eipeiience in the highest branch of steam engineering, requiring, as it does, 
one night per week during the winter for drill and quizzes on operating 
questions. In the summer a two weeks' cruise on a modem man-of-war 
pves that familiarity wiih maintenance, operation in emergency, and also 
(he handling of men, which a technical man cannot afFon] to be without. 


252 The Technology Review 

Any S.B. can start and stop a large eng;ine or a pump or a battery or boilers, 
but it requires a life-sized man to keep them running under the difficulties 
which arise under ordinary conditions. 

— ^And Stearns (I.) has been persuaded to add the following: — 

The secretary, after several vain attempts has finally succeeded in drawing 
from his friend Steams a meagre and commonplace account of his trip 
abroad during two months last summer, — not that there was anjrthing espe- 
cially interesting in it to the Review, but because the secretary had not 
heard about it first hand himself, and took this means of satisfying his 
curiosity, and perhaps incidentally padding his contribution to that '^edi, 

The trip was most commonplace, — no hairbreadth escapes by sea or 
land, no journeys into the "Tenderloin" districts of the great dries visited, 
no romance to cause gossip at home. In fact, the trip was conducted on 
Puritanical principles throughout, and was more in the nature of a post- 
graduate course abroad, which wasn't confined to any one subject in par- 

Sailing from Boston, via White Star Line, on July 5, the good ship 
"Arabic" encountered nothing but smooth seas for eight days, affording 
a splendid opportunity for field sports on her broad decks, which was eageriy 
taken advantage of by a huge field of entrants of both sexes. The south 
coast of Ireland — the first land sighted — ^was green as usual, its rugged 
shore line rising rapidly from the sea dll it faded into mountainous heights 
in the distance, while at its foot the small fishing vessels with their red- 
painted sails lent a certain harmony of contrast to the scene. Save for 
a stop off Queenstown to land passengers, nothing of moment occurred 
dll noon of the ninth day, when the ship drew alongside the landing stage 
at Liverpool and the busde of travel began. 

Liverpool was left, with but a cursory glance for the great metropolis, 
taking a look at Manchester and its great ship canal on the way. Grim 
London, after a week, gave place to a week's oudng "en automobile" in 
the south-west of England, followed by a few days in London to get back 
to earth again. Then came Paris, Strasburg, Neuhausen, Constance, 
Munich, Vienna, Dresden, and Berlin in succession, each of the large 
cides conspicuous for its clean, broad, and generally well paved streets, its 
fine public and private buildings, its art and historical collecdons, and 
perhaps above all, in contrast with the majority of American dnes^ its 

News from the Classes 


E of hoodlumism and apparent earnestness of purpose of its younger 

With a patting "Auf wiedersehen" from the deck of the "Kronprinz 
Wilheltn," Germany was left behind, and it was not without a sense of 
relief that Edinburgh was reached a few days later, where a httle "Scotch" 
could be enjoyed after the struggle with Flench and German on the Conti- 
nent. A nhirlmind tour of the Scottish Lakes proved both interesting and 
instructive, making "The Lady of the Lake " take on a reality it never did 
in the public schools at home. A look into Wales and grand old Conway 
Canle finished sight-seeing abroad, and the "Republic," as she steamed 
into Boston Harbor eight days later at sunset, revealed, as a setting for 
what had gone before, the most beautiful harbor in the whole world." 

-.And now a glimpse from the Far East:— 

My dtar Dick.—Vnh 
periods, so that I was no 
send you some of the det 
with Mark Twain that ihi 

I sailed from Trisco i 

:ly, your letter arrived at one of my si 
able to answer at once as requested, but I now 
lis of hfe in the Far East. I will begin by saying 
tepons of my death have been much exaggerated, 
the United States army transport "Sher 

Dec, I, 1901. 1 had not looked for a job in that section of the world, but, 
as it was offered to me with financial considerations which made the Metro- 
politan Water and Sewerage Board, for which I was then working, look 
like thirty cents Mex., 1 did not see my way clear to refuse. 

The voyage was, for the most part, uneventful, though rou^. We 
touched only at Guam for a few hours, so that we were on the water con- 
tinuously for rwenty-eight days. 

We first struck the Phihppine Island 
on a rock in the Straits of San Bernadin 
connderably jolted, but no real harm 
some of the ladies when they recovered s 
tumes in which they had come on deck. 
Anyway, they all had life preservers. 

We reached Manila without further mishap at about 2.30 p.m. the i8th. 
Went ashoie, and found a hotel — of a sort — with much difficulty. 

I received my first detail as Supervisor of the Province of Surigoa, and 
left for that remote section on January 16, per steamship "Z, Y. de Aldecoa," 
aniving Surigao January 20. 

Some lime, when 1 have a month or so to spare, I will narrate to you just 

on December 26, at 10.30 p.m.. 
We struck pretty hard and were 
IS done except to the feeUngs of 
iutScientiy to remember the co»- 
Of these the less said, the better. 



254 T^^ Technology Review 

what were the duties of a provincial supervisor. The oflke has been dis- 
continued. To put it in few words, he was the provincial goat. To be 
more precise, he was member of the Provincial Board (the governing body 
of the province, with the governor and treasurer), which body collected 
taxes, made appropriations, hired official municipal officers, justices of 
the peace, etc., member of the Provincial Board of Health, of the 
Board of Tax Pension, of the Board for the Suppression of the Plague of 
Locusts, Provincial Engineer and Superintendent of Public Works, janitor 
of public buildings, guardian of the jail, winder of the town clock, ac- 
countable for all public property, purchasing agent, distributor of supplies, 
member of the Local Civil Service Examining Committee, superintendent 
of the coal pile, keeper of the pound (commonly known as die Provincial 
"Fence"), consulting engineer to the municipalities, member of various 
Boards of Survey, etc., etc. In his spare moments he was expected to 
acquire all sorts of miscellaneous information, and be ready at a moment's 
notice to deliver facts, opinions, and statistics on length and navigabib'ty 
of rivers, birth-rate of chickens, manufacture of ardent spirits and textiles, 
comparative immorality, species of timber, hemp presses, diseases of live 
stock, value of g, mineral deposits, and to decide questions of town boun- 
daries, ownership of lost, strayed, or stolen cattle, settle the domestic dis- 
putes of the office boy, and various other duties. The above is no idle 
dream, but cold facts, and it had to be done usually in Spanish — a language 
which I never studied — or in any one of several hundred nations' dialects 
which I never tried to learn, — couldn't. 

Surigao is on the north-east comer of the Island of Mindanao, 9^ 50' N., 
125^ 30' E. The province covers an area of 13,000 square miles (about 
the area of Massachusetts and Connecdcut), has thirty odd towns, five 
miles of road, and a populadon of 85,000 (about that of the State of Wyoming 
or of Richmond, Va.), which is divided among forty odd tribes, — ^Visayans, 
Manobos, Monteses, Mamannas, Bagobos, and the like. Transportation 
is mostly by water, and most of the country has never been seen by a white 

I arrived in the tail of the big cholera epidemic, got all of it that I wanted, 
and my first job was the stamping out of an epidemic of small-pox. This 
latter I accomplished by the simple and direct means of girding on my 
trusty Colt 44 and personally vaccinating the whole populadon, searching 
the houses for cases, and shooing those that had it off to quarantine. Every 
native in that section thinks that I am a doctor, and they used to come to 
me with all kinds of ills in consequence. 

News from the Classes 


{d of Match, 1903, the pro\incial capital, Surigoa, was entered 
by some two hundred bolo-men, savages, escaped convicts, and others 
lUider Adriano Concipcion, Edwardo de los Santos, Vincente Atillo, and 
others. They came in at 12.30 P.m., scattered a force of fifty artned con- 

ns, killed their chief. Captain Clarke, 
1 the attack was tnade, and tore up things 
ime, and they refrained from killing me, 
lear my class when it came to a rapid 
rtics, 1 got my six-shooter, and with 
mp the outfit. They found us with a 
venty yards' range. 

Itabulaty (natives), captured theii 
who was eating dinner with me whi 
generally. I was unarmed at the 
because they were not anywhere 
sprint. So much for Tech. ath 
thre« other Americans tried to j 
number of volleys down an open si 
but were unable to hit anything except the atmosphere. We then retired 
10 the "Palace," and barricaded, but somehow we had managed to throw 
■uch a bluff that they did not dare to come near us. The defenders were 
ei^t in number, two of them women school-teachers; and we were very 
badly armed. There were several hundred of the "Tulisanes," armed with 
SpringBeld carbines, but you remember the lectures we used to get on the 
military advantages of a bluff. Fortunacely, we held the end of the cable, 
and were relieved from Tactoban the next morning. Troops were rushed 
in, and the boys in the blue shirts, with the long brown guns with carving- 
knives in the ends, very promptly put that little insurrection in the blink. 
Six of the leaders were hanged and some sixty of them are now doing time 
in Bilibid for their crime. How many went the way of a man who stops 
a bullet will never be known, but there were a good-sized mob, I imagine. 

After the dust had cleared somewhat, I took a trip down the east coast. 
Wat received by a brass band at each town that I enrered. 

In August, 1903, [ was transferred to the f'rovince of Cavite, Here I 
had a lot of road construcdon on hand, also nothing but rice to pay for my 
labor. Rice is a very poor kind of currency, and I had a rime, but succeeded 
in gening a good stretch of roads into moderately passable condition. 

Cavite was overrun with various kinds of bandits ar this dme, but they 
did not bother me for some reason, although 1 went to a good many placet 
ihat I should have kept out of, with no company other than my 44 Colt 
and my little horse. 

In the following May I was transferred to the Bureau of Engineering, 
and tent to the Island of Negros to make a survey for some seventy miles of 
proposed road. This took about five months, and was strenuous labor.. 
Most of it was on the slopes of the Volcano Canlaon (8,000 feet), among a 
e of barracades and canyons, and was made in the rainy season. One 


256 The Technology Review 

night we filled a lo'^ rain-gauge, so you may imagine that it was coming 
down some. 

In December we returned to Mam'la, and were sent off again to Cebu. 
There I surveyed several miles for roads across the island. One of these 
was building when I left. 

In March, 1905, I was detailed to the Cebu Harbor Works, and was em- 
ployed in that job for the remainder of my stay. Finished up the pre- 
liminary surveys, soundings, borings, cement testing, etc., made plans, 
and chased inspectors and contractors. I was invited to stay and finish 
this work, but thought that three years straight were about all of the tropics 
that were coming to me, and so chucked the job. 

I left Manila Januaiy 26 for Hong Kong, where I took James J. Hills's 
"Dakota," and came back via Shanghai, Nagasaki, Kobi, Kyoto, Tokio, 
Yokohama, and Seattle, reaching New York March 11, 1906. 

I found the Islands interesting and healthful, enjoyed my stay there, and 
do not want to go back. The Little Old United States is good enough for me, 
thank you. Nevertheless, it is a great country, and will amount to a good 
deal when they stop playing politics out there. The country is all to the 
good, but the population is about the limit. If one of the true Filipinos 
was up against a situation where he had to do a whole man's work, he 
would just incontinently die off, and would not hesitate in the process. 

At present I am working for the Board of Water Supply in this place, 
and expect to be thus employed until some one wants me elsewhere more 
than they do here. 

For the rest I am still sane, solvent, sober, and single, and glad of it. 

Ever yours, R. Suter. 

R. H. Stearns, 5^^., 15 Beacon Street, Boston. 

Now and then in the course of his work a sort of lonesome feeling 
comes creeping over a class secretary, and then again he is cheered 
by the chance meeting of some classmate who is visiting in Boston 
from a home elsewhere. It is thus the secretary has recently en- 
countered L. P. Wood, W. G. Wildes, and Sumner Hazelwood, all 
of Course I. and all at work in the "Empire State." Wood is now 
assistant designing engineer for the hustling New York Board of 

News from the Classes 


Water Supply. Wildes is assistant engineer on the Barge Canal, 
and Hazelwood is with Purdy & Henderson, now engaged on the 
design of steel worlc for the Pennsylvania Raihoad Station in New 
York. Happening into the auto show, the secretary ran into E. B. 
Belcher (li.). Belcher showed conclusively that the Berkshire 
automobile, which he builds, was the best all-round car on the road; 
and far be it from the secretary to argue this point. And what 
Belcher does not know about autos E. S. Foljamhe (II.) will tell 
you. As managing editor of the Horseless Age, Foljamhe knows 
every detail of the automobile and automobiling. Again, threading 
his way among the human streams that flow through Jordan-Marsh's 
dry-goods store, the secretary came upon A. W. Rowe, single, alone, 
and happy. Rowe has chosen the teacher's life, and is looking 
forward to another trip abroad during the coming sea son. ^Archi- 
bald L. tClieves (IV.) spent a couple of months abroad last fall, and 
is now established in the firm of Franzlein & Klieves, Wheeling, 
W. Va. They are architects for a seven-story hotel and a nine- 
story office building, among other structures. — R. S. Loring (I.) and 
F. D. Chase (I.) are both trying their hands at architecture, Loring 
out in Lcwiston, Ida., and Chase on the Illinois Central Railroad.— 
A. W. Peters (I.) is assistant engineer for the Consolidated Water 
Company of Utica, N.Y., and reports himself busy and happy. — 
R. W. Bailey (XIII.) is draughtsmah at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, 
and is enjoying life in a home overlooking New York Bay. His 
one-year-old boy has been nicknamed "The Little Corporal," and 
certainly no child has a better claim to that title. We shall hope to 
see him at M. I. T. before a score of years.— C. F. Willard (11.) is 
instructor in marine engineering at M. I. T., but that is not all. 
He has been studying law at the Boston University Law School, and 
hzs lately been admitted to the bar. Of course, while we were yet 
Freshmen, some of our class were admitted to the bar through that 
Gothic portal across Boylston Street, but Willard deals in a different 
kind of goods, and is the first of our class to undertake this dual 
role. — Charles F, F. Campbell (IX.) is now superintendent. of the 
Industrial Department of the Massachusetts Commission for the 
Blind, the work he commenced having been taken over by the State. 

258 The Technology Review 

He is running a miniature factory for the blind during the day, lectur- 
ing on the blind in the evening, and edits a quarterly magazine for 
the blind on the side. In other words, he is fully Americanized. — 
F. H. Bass (I.) is now engineer of the State Board of Health of 
Minnesota, in addition to his assistant professorship in the Univer- 
sity of Minnesou. — G. C. Peterson was married on Jan. 10, 1907, 
to Miss Ada Katharine Wood, of Lexington, Mass. — ^Edward Seaver, 
Jr. (II.), is engaged to Miss Grace A. Whitman, of West Newton, 
Mass. — Perkins Boynton, G. A. Hall, and John Alden Trott are 
also engaged. — The secretary hopes to have some class statistics for 
the next issue of the Review. 

F. H. Hunter, Sec.y Johnson City, Tenn. 

Circulars containing reports and general information were mailed 
March 12 to the members of the class, and the secretary is pleased 
to report that the responses from a large number of the fellows 
have been most hearty, and we hope the others will swing into 
line right away. Plans are being worked out for the celebration of 
our fifth reunion next June, and circulars giving full information 
will be mailed to the class in due time. The following notes will 
be of interest: Herxey is now located with the Gould Storage Battery 
Company, Rookery Building, Chicago. — Hammond's address is 106 
Morris Street, Yonkers, N.Y. — ^The following is clipped from the £«- 
gineering Nnvs of March 27: "Messrs. Herbert L. Sherman and 
Robert S. Edwards have formed a partnership under the firm name 
of Sherman & Edwards, chemists and chemical engineers, 12 Pearl 
Street, Boston, Mass. They will make a specialty of investigating 
cement and lime properties and designing and improving plants 
manufacturing these materials." The firm of Sherman & Edwards 
is doubtless the first engineering firm composed entirely of '02 men. 
— C. L. Wright is located at the fuel testing plant of the United 
States Geological Survey, St. Louis. — Paraschos has been located in 
Newark, N.J., where he is works' engineer for the Atha Steel Casting 

News from the Classes 

1 Paraschos ha: 


. his 

^mpany. bince gr 
home in Athens, one m 1902 and one in 1906. In 1903 and 1904 he 
was with the Louisville & Nashville Railroad. Started as rodman, 
later being promoted to assistant engineer of the Baker Hill Division, 
and while there had super\-ision of the Ridge Top Tunnel, 4,600 
feet long. In 1905 became assistant engineer on the Pittsburg 
filtration plant, which position he held till May, 1906, when he went 
abroad, and soon after his return located at his present position in 
Newark. The secretary had not expected to run across many '02 
men in Eastern Tennessee, but was delighted to have Paraschos 
drop in here a few weeks ago. — Goldenberg has an interesting com- 
munication in the March 16 issue of the Engineering Record regarding 
recent failures in reinforced concrete. Goldenberg lately visited 
the Pacific coast, investigating a concrete failure at the Bixby Hotel 
at Long Beach, Cal., and also made a study of structural conditions 
in San Francisco and other places. — Archie Gardner is now at 
Summerville, S.C. — Egan's address is Sylacauga, Ala. He writes 
that he expects to remove about May I to Amboy, III. — Wadleigh 
is on the United States steamship "Louisiana," and at last writing 
is at Fortress Monroe. He has recently been promoted to the rank 
of captain. United States Marine Corps. — 'oi was represented at the 
annual dinner of the North-western Alumni Association at Chicago, 
March 2, by Foote, Lockett, L. E. Williams, and Pendergast, who 
made proper mention of the fact that '02 was there. — Lockett left 
Adams & Schwab last October, and is now mechanical engineer 
for the Electrical Installations Company, Monadnock Building, 
Chicago, III. His work is largely in connection with the electric 
railroads and transmission plants. — -Williams is assistant engineer 
with the Great Lakes Dredge and Dock Company, Chamber of 
Commerce Building, Chicago. He is added to our list of "proud 
and happy" fathers. His first daughter, Harriet I., was born Nov. 
6, 1905, and a second daughter, Gertrude, was reported on Feb- 
ruary 26 of this year. — Ballard is also among the '02 men who have 
scored twice. His son, William Whitney, was born April 4, 1906. 
— F, B, Montgomery reports a daughter, Eleanor, bom Oct. II, 
1906. His home address is 52 Chestnut Street, Cambridge, Mass. 

26o The Technology Review 

!. A. Sawyer, Jr., is back in Boston with the Andrew D. Fuller 
Company, and is living at Waban, Mass. — ^A. A. Jackson is chemist 
for the Zephon Chemical Compound Company of Chicago. — Starr 
is another member of the class whose family history has hitherto 
been concealed from the secretary. We find that he was married 
on June lo, 1905, to Miss Alice F. Sherman. He is located with 
the Barstow Stove Company of Providence, R.I. — ^Miss Hill left 
the office of Percival Lowell, the astronomer, last fall. Her present 
address is Bourne, Mass. — R. Van B. Blaisdell has been located. 
He has been ranching at Junction, Wyo., but expects to make 
Coeymans, N.Y., his permanent address in the near future. — ^Arthur 
F. Butler is with the Lowell Electric Light Company, 28 Bridge 
Street, Lowell, Mass. — ^Ned Baker claims the title of "Class Hobo," 
having visited thirty-nine different States since 1902. If any mem- 
ber of the class can better this record, he is requested to report to 
the secretary at once and get the "bun," which will otherwise be 
awarded to Ned. Your secretary has also to report a move, being 
now located as construction manager of the Unaka Company, 
Johnson City, Tenn., and is working with W. P. R. Pember, who 
is architect and landscape engineer of the same company, as well 
as for the South & Western Railroad. Together they expect to 
work out some interesting problems in street and sewer layout 
and building construction. Pember, before leaving Buffalo, sub- 
mitted plans in competition for the New York State Library at 
Albany, in association with Martin C. Miller, of Buffalo. They 
were selected by the judges as one of the ten firms to enter 
the final competition, which closes April I. They received a 
prize of ^^500, and are paid |i 1,000 for making final plans. 
As there were over sixty architects entered in the original com- 
petition, some of them among the best known in the coun- 
try, the win of Messrs. Pember and Miller is particularly 
creditable. — C. A. Smith is now located at Ontonagon, Mich., 
with the Nonesuch Mine of the Calumet & Hecla Company. — ^F. J. 
Eager is now in Boston. Address 15 Beacon Street. — F. B. Galaher 
is with Stone & Webster, 84 State Street, Boston. — D. M. Belcher is 
on the Sewage Purification Works, Washington, Pa. — Manley is 

News from the Classes 


at die Siony Wold Sanitarium, Lake Kushaqua, N.Y. He has 
overcome the danger of tuberculosis, which sent him to the Adiron- 
dacks, and expects to leave in a short time. His permanent address 
is 116 Mount Vernon Street, West Roxbury, Mass.— Kern has re- 
turned to this country from Manila, and is now at 2004 F Street, 
N.W,, Washington, D.C. — A. H. Sawyer is with the Keweenaw 
Copper Company, Delaware Mine, Mich.—Fitch expects to leave 
Dayion, Ohio, in April. His permanent address is 4S Union Street, 
Rockville, Conn. The secretary has just learned of Fitch's marriage 
on Oct. 17, 1905, to Miss Nellie M. Keister, of Clinton, la.^Hooker 
is located with N. W, Harris & Co., of Boston. — Wright was 
married February 9 lo Miss Helen Lenore Coffin, of Newcastle, 
Ind, This summer he will be at the Jamestown Exposition for the 
Geolo^cal Survey. — Weeks is with Norton, Megaw & Co., Rio de 
Janeiro, Brazil. — Walter O. Teague was married February 12 to 
Miss Jane Teresa Neilan, of Hamilton, Ohio. They are at home 
at Columbia Flats, LaFayette, Ind.^ — Before this reaches the class, 
Kellogg will have joined our army of Benedicks. His marriage is 
announced for April 6 to Miss Clara Howard Davis. — WiUiam 
Warren Garrett (III-) died at San Antonio, Tex., Jan. 15, 1907. — 
"We chronicle with regret the death of Francis J. Field, which 
took place Jan. 27, 1907-" 

The secretary has received some startling facts in response 
to the requests on the circulars which he recently sent out to 
(he class asking for "remarks and general news." Capen reports 
from Omaha that Governor Sheldon has signed the two-cent 
rate bill, white Greeley reports that government ownership of 
public utilities is certainly coming. These matters are of vital 
importance to the well-being of the class. — Chicago, however, 
takes the cake as usual, for Pendergast reports that his wife's 
name will be Mrs. R. B. Pendergast, and at his request we are 
holding this stanling bit of information in the striaest confi- 
dence . 

262 The Technology Review 


Walter H. Adams, Sec.^ Polytechnic Institute, Brooklyn, N.Y. 

In response to the letters and bills sent out the first of the year 
about seventy replies have been received. The secretary is now 
busy with a scheme of reorganization which may be sent out before 
this number of the Review. An informal dinner was held in Boston 
on February 9. M. H. Clark, Fales, Howard, Newman, Nutter, 
Olmstead, and Swett were present. The reorganization of the class 
was discussed, but no action was taken. — Only a few bachelors 
have had the courage to try double harness during the past year: 
Harlow was married to Miss Ethel May Harlow on Oct. 18, 1906. 
— Loughlin to Miss Grace E. French on Aug. 22, 1906. — ^Millard 
to Miss Helen Mae Brown on June 18, 1906. — Sumner to Miss 
Lucy Eleanor Allen on Nov. 12, 1906. — ^Underwood to Miss Clevc 
Elbertine Lozier on Sept. 25, 1906. — Harris wrote that he was to 
be married on March 2 to Miss J. Winifred Lombard, of Kansas 
City, Mo., so is now probably on his honeymoon. — ^The class babies 
have increased by one this last year. Master Edward Harding 
Sibbett joined them on Aug. i, 1906. — F. G. Cox writes from London 
that he is engaged in erecting one hundred and forty large elevators on 
the Underground Electric Railway System, of London, but expects 
to return to New York in August. He also says, '* England is pretty 
nice, but it isn't U.S.A." — Place writes from Oaxaca, Mexico: 
''Have established the only American engineering office existing in 
Southern Mexico, and am branching out rapidly. Glad to give any 
information about this rich and booming country." He is a member 
of the firm of Place &c Elton, consulting civil and mining engi- 
neers, at the above address. — Aldrich has sold his business to the 
Mianus Motor Works, and is now assistant manager of their Boston 
branch at 7 Commercial Wharf, Boston. — ^The following changes of 
address and occupation have been received: Ancona. 176 Spencer 
Street, Rochester, N.Y., is chief draughtsman for the Eastman 
Kodak Company. — C. L. Bates, Kenora, Ont., care W. A. James, 
Div. Eng., is resident engineer in the construction department. 

News from the Classes 263 

R.R, — Bradshaw is at 363 Grand Avenue, Brooklyn, N.Y. 
— Buhler is in Kingston, Mass. — G. H. Clark, 20 Rockland Avenue, 
Maiden, Mass., is overseer of grinding department of the Boston 
Rubber Shoe Company. — Foster, Astoria. L.I., is assistant super- 
intendent with the Astoria Light, Heat, and Power Company. — 
G. H, Gleason, 606 Connecticut Mutual Building, Hartford, Conn., 
is in the brokerage business. — Harlow, 618 Cator Avenue, Balti- 
more, Md., is with M. L. B. Stilwell, consulting engineer. — 
Kearney. New Haven, Conn., care N. Y- N. H. & H. R.R.. is 
an electrical engineer with that road. — Lyon, 3543 Indiana Avenue, 
Chicago, III., is a sales engineer with the Otto Gas Engine Works. 



USJUER Lang, Sec, Michigan Central Depot, Detroit, Mich. 

Since the last issue of the Review the following information has 
been received through letters from members of the class. — E. F. 
Allbright is still with the Southern Railway at Washington, D.C. — 
W. S. Anthony writes that he saw joe Crowell, "04, at the Auto Show 
in New York. Crowell is in the auto business in West Newton. 
He also says that Hamilton from Montana, who failed to get a degree 
after five years, is back after it again. Langley is still in business 
with his father in Waterbury. Conn. — P. M. Arnold is with the 
United States Metals Refining Company of Chrome, N.Y.— J. F. 
Card states in a letter that he is in Butte. Mont., and has been there 
since Thanksgiving. He was working then in the 1,400 feet level 
of the Pennsylvania Mine of the Boston and Montana Company, but 
was expecting to go on the engineering corps in a couple of weeks. 
— C. F. Barrett is an assistant engineer with the Electric Vehicle 
Company of Hartford, Conn., and has been with them since grad- 
uating, having gone through all departments of the factory. The 
Technology Club of Hartford is doing well, but hasn't as many '04. 
men as tt had when it was organized two years ago. — A. M. Hol- 
combe is in the patent department of the Pope factory at Hartford, 
and is conducting the Y. M. C. A. school of auto construction which 


264 The Technology Review 

Barrett ran last year. Barrett says that, so far as he knows, he and 
Holcombe are the only '04 men in the auto business, but Joe Crowd! 
and Broad are in the same ranks. Barrett continues: — 

Let roe say right here that there is no line of work more intensely inter- 
esting and pleasant than the automobile business, as in the large amount 
of testing and experimenting it gives one a fine opportunity to ride around 
and see the country. I figure that I have made a total mileage in auto- 
mobiles of nearly 40,000 miles, covering nearly all of New England, New 
York, New Jersey, and as far north as Montreal and Quebec. It's great 

— Lewellyn Bizby writes: — 

I have heard no news of any of the class for a couple of years, so am afraid 
I can't help you out much in that line. So far as I am concerned, I have 
done no engineering since graduation. I read law for a few months, and, 
my father's estate then having been settled up, I moved here to Long Beach 
(Cal.) to look after the property interests of my sisters and myself, which 
centre here. These interests lie mostly along the line of farming and catde 
raising, with some real estate dealing on the side. You will, perhaps, re- 
member that I was married some time before entering Tech. Since coining 
to this neck of the woods, I have had a daughter bom, Aug. 2, 1905. 

— In a letter from Bernard Blum he says: — 

March i I left Chicago, and set sail for St. Paul, bound for the Northern 
Pacific Ry., whence I had received a most favorable offer as assistant en- 
gineer in charge of construction of a large country yard in Montana. I 
came on immediately to Laurel, a small village 15 miles west of Billings. 
I have a party here, and we are making a survey of the locadon three miles 
long and one-quarter of a mile wide. It will consist of a very large gravity 
yard, with round-houses, shops, etc. I expect to be here about a year and a 
half. This is the first change I have made since I left Boston. 

— Charles Francis Underbill, Course X., of Dorchester, has been 
appointed chief chemist for the California and Hawaiian Sugar 
Refining Company. 

News from the Classes 


Robert H. W. Lord, Sec, 248 Tremont Street, Newton, Mass. 

The annual 1905 dinner was held on March 1 at the Hotel Bellevue. 
There were thirty-six present, and of these a good many were men 
away from Boston or who had not been with us for three or four 
years, including Ellis Wood, our baseball captain, Louis Booth from 
New York, Robbins, recently returned from Korea, Anderson, 
Nelson, Young, and many others whom we have not seen much of. 
The Bellevue people did well by us, and in that respect it was the 
most successful of our dinners. Letters were read from men from 
far off, and a "straw vote" showed that it was more expensive to 
procure an '05 man this year. The average of the men showed a 
salary of S94.70 a month, minimum S50 a month and maximum 
<l65, two at 8150 and two at S125, and six below S70. We had 
a piano that sounded like the Freshman band, but Pirie can make 
almost anything go. 

The secretary very unexpectedly started on a trip to Mexico 
on February 20, thus making it impossible to attend the class 
dinner. I only had a week's notice, so that it was almost impos- 
sible to gel word to the fellows in Mexico to see if they could not 
meet somewhere en route, as mails there are slow and telegrams are 
not bothered to be delivered. We went through Eagle Pass, and 
Slopped at Torreon first. Then direct to Guanajuato, the mines 
at that place being the object of our trip. Nothing can describe 
that quaint old city, which in 1800 was the second largest in the 
western hemisphere, with its fine old haciendas (the last relic of the 
patio process), its narrow streets, fine buildings and parks, mixed 
in with mud houses and pigs, and, queerest of all, the Mexican 
Peon walking around with his bright-colored serape wound around 
him, even on the hottest day. The mines are in the mountaitis, 
which form a solid wall around the city, and here are the famous old 
Valenciana and Raya mines, and several hundred others, large and 
small. Years ago operations were suspended in the Valenciana 
and Raya mines, as, after the shaft was sunk to the 1,500 feet level, 
water gathered in the mines too fast for them to be profitably worked. 

r water gau 

266 The Technology 

But now, with modern machinery from the States, those mines are 
reconunencing operations, and probably will again turn out their 
millions. We were particularly interested in the Guanajuato Devel- 
opment Company's properties, and their latest, the Pengnico, shows 
large amounts of gold and silver bearing ore. Their Perigrina mine 
and mill of 120 stamps were in full operation, the mill taking 
care of the new ore and working up the old dumps which the 
cyanide process now makes profitable. Everything is at present car- 
ried on mule teams and burros, but soon the Development Company 
is to build a railroad through the mountains, connecting the various 
mines and mills. Six years ago there were six Yankees there. 
To-day there are five hundred, principally connected with the 
mines. In all those I was not able to find an Institute man. 
Leaving Guanajuato, we went to Iripuato, Guadalahara, Mexico 
City, Cuemavaca, Orisaba, and then north through Monterey. At 
San Antonio I looked up W. £. Simpson. He was rather surprised to 
see me, and the office of J. Flood Walker was closed immediately. 
He was much interested in class news and general Institute affairs. 
He seems to be getting on well, and had just finished a ninety-foot 
wooden span over a skating rink. He is the only engineer in the 
city, and, considering its rapid growth, should find plenty of engi- 
neering work. At Galveston we saw a rather novel engineering 
feat, — that of raising the whole city six feet. Sand mixed with 
water from dredges in the canal is pumped through pipes over the 
land, and, after the sand has settled out, the water runs off!. The 
great sea wall is also another big piece of work. Stone & Webster 
operate the street railway there, and keep it going despite the filling 

I am now in a very responsible position (filing letters and snagging blue 
prints) in the electrical department of the New York Central. New York 
is a great town, if you say it fast. The bridge jam has the Technique 
rush lashed to the mast. I occasionally see a Tech man down here, and 
very rarely a 1905 man. I saw Ros Davis the other day. It seems to me 
he is getdng fat. Bush. 

Bush has consented to take up the task of getting the New York 

News from the Classes 


05 bunch together. Here's hoping the fellows buck up and show 
some life. 

I am glad you published the dace of the dinner of the Boston Club of 
'05, for many of the fellows hope to get back 1 
the prospect of meeting some of the crowd wot 
on that dale. Did you hear of the reunion and dinner of the '05 fellows 
in this pan of Mexico, held in Patral on Christmas Day ? Charlie Johnson 
came up from Jiminez, and Bill Motter in from Santa Barbara, while the 
undersigned saddled his little horse and came in from sixty-five miles beyond 
the end of the railway. We had a jolly good time, and were sorry the vaca- 
tion alloned to each was not longer. Burton is now in Santa Barbara, 
K> there arc four of the '05 Course III. crowd within a day's travel of each 
«tber. All of the '05 men in this country seem to be doing well. 

Roy H. Allen. 

I a 

right o 

with 2 

1 the tide of class baby for my son 
James M. Barnes, born Dec. 31, 1906. If any one claims priority over 
him, I shall still be at the head of the list, I am sure, by reason of his sister, 
Milla E. Barnes, bom also Dec. 31, 1906. So, if I haven't the class baby, I 
have at any rate the class twins, and claim consideration for them. 
The West Shore (Utica to Syracuse) is approaching electrification at a 


lip, and there is 

plenty to be de 

ne in con 


n with i 


computation, esamai 

s, inspections, 

and lest 


a pretty good variety. 

and I 

am getting a ta 

stc of all of th 

em, so ha 

ve no 

kicks c 

aming with life 

or the 

worid. Beside 

», I find that a 

pair of n 

vins i 

n the ha 

use don't leave 


time for consid 

eraiion of outs 

dc topics 


P. Barmes. 

To date Jim has the only boy that we have heard of, and ful- 
fils the requirements, having been married the 3d of January, 

I am in the engineering department of the Trenton Iron Company, 
draughting, but like the job and find the work instructive. This company 
builds about 70 per cent, of all the wire rope aerial tramways put up in ihii 
hemisphere. Customers are mining and milling coal and fertilizer cranes, 
etc. One line in Hayti carries bananas. Stuart W. Benson. 

Benson's address is +8 Chestnut Avenue, Trenton, N.J. — The 
engagement of Carl E. Danforth was announced last fall to Miss 

268 Tlie TeduK^ogj Reriew 

Carrie >L GcndaE. of Bangor. DanSonh has ghren up mining 
and fjoot imo tnwinrw in Baxipsr. — ^Ai the Greater Louisville Ex- 
puu tjop Ned Jcvtxx is cDciDeer in diarge of loading floors. — ^*'Bev- 
crh-*s Babr CitT Euiiutu .** Under diis title the Boston Sunday 
Hr^sLi made a *'tieanire'* arbde of Ebrrr \lliitney*s btest success. 
For over t«o rears Wbitner has been the engineer of the sewer 
department of Bcrerh-. and has fanned most of the sewers buih 
during that time. On Februair i he was appointed dty engineer; 
and. to quote the Bcrerir Tzmfs, *^tfae new citr engineer is a bri^t, 
aggressive roung man. has ideas of his own, and has every oppor- 
tuniri' to make good in a berth which is regarded as one of the most 
lucrative in the drb.** — Jim Lambie left the Lackawanna Steel Com- 
pany in the middle of April last, and formed with a cousin the con- 
tracting firm of C. S. Lambie & Co., securing a large contract to 
line with concrete a tunnel for the Wabash Railroad. This partner- 
ship has dissolved, and Jim is now assistant superintendent of the 
Charleroi plant of the Pittsburg Plate Glass Company. He calls 
it a "dandv )ob," and confesses that thev have "raised the ante." — 
On Oct. iS, ioc6, C. A. Anderson was married to Miss Mabel C. 
Ray. — Chester Allen is now instrument man on the C, C, C. & 
St. L. Ry.. with address at 1216 Main Street, Mt. Carmel, 111. — 
S. H. Avers is now with .\. D. Little. 03 Broad Street, Boston, taking 
charge of the baaeriological laboratonk" which Mr. Little has just 
staned. — W. S. Ball was married to .\lice H. Paul on June 16, 
1906. — Edward A. Barrier is instructor in anahtical chemistry at 
the University of Cincinnati. — William H. Beers, Jr., is chemist 
and bacteriologist .at the filter plant, Columbia, S.C. — Frederick 
G. Bennett is assistant engineer. Board of Water Supply, City of 
New York, address Babylon, L.L. N.Y. — Eugene Burton, address 
Minas Tecolotes v Anexas, Santa Barbara, Chihuahua, Me3L., on 
engineering staff. — S. A. Caine, address 369 Har\ard Street, Brook- 
line, assistant engineer for Submarine Signal Company. — On April 
18, 1906, W. D. Clarke was married to Miss Mar}* Bailey. Clarke 
is assistant engineer for the Western Pacific Railway Company. — 
W. P. Delano, Jr., is an architectural draughtsman at 121 New- 
bury Street, Boston, and he is liring at 18 Channing Street, Wor- 

News from the Classes 


cester. — John Douglas lives at 301 Huesiis Street, Ithaca, N.Y., 
and is an instructor at Cornell. — Bob Farringion is now at the 
Harvard Law School. — Joseph C, Field is engineer for the Western 
Electric Company, address 321 West 22d Street, New York City. 
— T. H. Files was married on April 30, 1906, to Miss Alice A. 
Newlin. — A. Fisher, Jr., is chemical engineer at 164 Front Street, 
New York, home address East Side Branch, V. M, C. A., 153 
East 86th Street. — L. V. Fuller gives his occupation as shoe manu- 
facturer, address 26 Vine Court, West Lynn, Mass, — A. P. Gerry, 
149 West 126th Street, New York City. — Carl Graesser is now 
plant superintendent, factory L, International Silver Company, at 
Wallingford, Conn. — J. T. Glidden is assistant editor of Engineer- 
ing and Mining Journal, 505 Pearl Street, New York, N.Y.— 
Selskar Gunn is bacteriologist of Iowa State Board of Health and 
lecturer on hygiene in the State University at Iowa City, He 
expects to be in Boston about July i, en route to Europe. — R. M. 
Harding is now with Stone & Webster, address 42 Youle Street, 
Melrose.— Percy G. Hill is at New Haven, Conn., with S. N. E. T. C. 
— E. L. Hill was married on Dec. 20, 1906, to Miss Gladys B. Pat- 
terson, Lasell Seminary, 1904. He is now assistant engineer for 
the American Steel and Wire Company, Worcester. Mass.^In 
September Arthur H. Howland announced his engagement to Miss 
A. R, Smith. He is doing architectural draughting, address 353 
Carlton Avenue, Brooklyn, N.Y.— S. T. Hyde's address is Box 705, 
Ensley, Ala., engaged in draughting. — H. L. Jackson is instructor 
at M, \. T. — A son, George Stuart Jason, was born to George Jason, 
Jr., on Dec, 25, 1906. — S. B. Jnslin is engaged in heating and ven- 
tilating engineering around Boston.^Bill Keen has changed his 
address to 406 Locust Street, Philadelphia. — Hurb Kenway writes 
that George Jones comes over quite often with his fiddle, and he 
and Mrs- Kenway "tear things up to beat the band." — -E. F. Kriegs- 
man is now assistant engineer on U.S. R. S., address River Portal, 
Col. — Eugene Lombard was married on Nov, 26, 1906, to Miss 
Margaret G. Ewing, and is now an inspector at Fair Oaks, Pa. — 
C. A. Lord has now changed his address (o 207 Industrial Trust 
Building, Providence, R.I. — T. P. Moorehead's address is now 

270 The Technology Review 

Richmond and Harriet Streets, Cincinnati. — D. H. Nicholson was 
married on Nov. 7, 1906, to Miss Carrie M. Cox, address 20 Gay 
Head Street, Roxbury. — H. W. Oknsted is assistant engineer, New 
York Board of Water Supply, located at Valhalla, N.Y. — ^A. G. 
Prescott is with the Whitlock Coil Pipe Company, 11 Buckingham 
Street, Hartford, Conn. — Charles R. Prichard was married on Oct 
22, 1906, to Miss Marion C. Mudge. — P. J. Ralph is now draughts- 
man for New York Shipbuilding Company, 434 Penn Street, Cam- 
den, N.J. — Miss Grace Raymond was married to Mr. George F. 
Leslie on Jan. 3, 1906, and lives at 1050} Washington Street, North 
Abington, Mass. — ^W. S. Richmond, 33 Campau Building, Detroit. 

Wish I could get down for the dinner; but who would sweep out the 
comers of the office while I am gone ? Whitcomb, '05, is up here, and we 
have formed a 1905 Club of Albion, N.Y. We have your Boston Gub 
beaten, for we have a dinner every day, and it is seldom that the whole 
membership does not turn out. Here I quit this writing, not because 
I have run out of things just burning to be written, but because I've a 
boss. Bill Green. 

Bill is doing odd jobs around J. G. White &c Co., Electric R.R. 
contractors, and has recently become engaged to Miss Ruth ^\^lder, 
Vassar, '07, of Lowell. His address is 157 Bleecker Street, Glovers- 
ville, N.Y. — Louis E. Robbe, inspector, East River Tunnels, 345 
East 33d Street, New York City. — E. G. Schmeisser, assistant 
engineer, Penn., N.Y. & L.L R.R., 10 West 128th Street, New 
York, N.Y. — R. W. Seyms, 4217 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburg, Pa.— 
Chester R. Shaw, with Massachusetts Electric Company, 5 Chester 
Avenue, Brockton, Mass. — F. W. Simonds was married on Sept. 17, 
1906, to Miss Ethel R. Paul. He is now bridge inspector, 606 Cen- 
tral Avenue, Albany, N.Y. — S. A. Smith, with Jamestown Cotton 
Mill, 500 East 6th Street, Jamestown, N.Y. — Sid Strickland reports 
a girl, Jane Strickland, born last summer. — A. E. Tadgell is now 
at 222 Boylston Street with the Bay State Trust Company. — R. E. 
Tarbett is bacteriologist, Knoxville Water Company, Knox\tlle, 
Tenn. — ^A. O. True's address is 1503 Farmers' Bank Building, Pitts- 
burg. — LeBaron Turner, with United States Wind Engine and Pump 

News from the Classes 


^mpany, Batavia, III. — Waldso Turner, general superintendent. 
Iron City Engineering Company, 1173 Frick Building, Annex, Pitts- 
burg, Pa. — H. H. West, 23 journal Building, Boston, fire-proof con- 
struction. — Horatio Whiting, assistant examiner, Patent Office, 21 
Sixth Street, N.E., Washington, D.C.— A. L. Whitmarsh, with Holly 
Sugar Company, Holly, Col. — R. E. Wise, transitman, Charles River 
Basin Commission. — Ellis G. Wood reports the birth of a daughter, 
Margaret True Wood, on June 4, 1906.— B. A. Yoder was married 
on Oct. 24, 1906, to Miss Mabel Coolidge. ^Charlie Adams is with 
the Union Water Power Company, Lewiston, Me.— R. O. Marsh, 
after a period of study in Switzerland, has been at work, on railroad 
construction in various parts of the Far East, and has recently set 
out for similar work in the interior of Bolivar. Dick has a nice mus- 
lache.^ — A. J. Amberg is purchasing agent for the Amberg F'ile and 
Index Company, 438-452 Fulton Street, Chicago. — The '05 Quakers 
had a dinner ai Hotel Windsor at 7.30 p.m., Jan. 3, 1907. The '06 
men are now enrolled with the '05 Quakers, so that the name of 
the dub is now the Tech Quakers. All men in Philadelphia look up 
H. L. Walker, 1730 Tioga Street. — John A. Meggison is now at y\ 
Hancock Street, Boston.— W. M. McBriar, 1710 Green Street, Phila- 
delphia. — R. D. Emerson was married to Miss Minnie Viola Thayer 
on Tuesday evening, October 30, in St. John's Episcopal Church, 
Worcester. — G. D. Marcy is assistant 10 the chief engineer of the 
Lamson Consolidated Store Service Company, 161 Devonshire 
Street, Boston.— O. C. Merrill was married to Miss Elizabeth B. 
Watson on Wednesday. October 17, at Winchester, Mass. At home 
at Berkeley, Cal. — P. E. Hinckley is still in the paper-making busi- 
ness at Cumberland Mills, Me.— From Lane Schofield, W. Va., we 
have the following: — 

Everything here is booming and about the same ai usual. Guess thai 
I will nay here for a while yei. Like the work very much, but the country 
i) pretty hard. Get out in civilization once in a while. 

— J, R. Damon has left the Chicago Telephone, and is again in 
Boston. — Lyon and Crane of VI. have formed a firm with a Wiscon- 

272 The Technology Review 

sin man for doing electrical testing in connection with their Institute 
work. Lyon is also doing other outside work. — H. A. Wentworth 
is now doing development work in mining machinery with C. H. 
HufFy 60 India Street, Boston. — Bruce Hill is still with his father in 
the lumber business in Pittsburg. He has just recovered from an 
operation for appendicitis. — Jack Holiday is foundry expert for 
the Atlas Engine Works in Indianapolis. — Charlie Dean is with the 
Buffalo Forge Company, in charge of their Pittsburg office, where 
he is reported as ''making things go.'' — Ros Davis's nearest approach 
to naval architecture is still a hole under the East River, where he 
is ''sand-hogging" in the East River Tunnel. — ^Norman Lombard 
is chief clerk in the Com Belt Bank, and was a delegate to the 
Republican County Convention. — £. T. Steel is in Porto Rico for 
Stone & Webster of Boston. — H. R. Robbins is manager of the 
newly organized New Hampshire Concentrated Milk Company, 
which is about to start under a new patent process from which the 
management hopes will be made radical changes in the milk business 
of large cities. — Fred A. Pirie (II.) is doing contracting and building 
work in the district north of Boston. — H. S. Walker, Jr., writes that 
he has been in a lumber camp in Colorado, on a railroad locating 
party in Wyoming, and is now studying in the civil engineering de- 
partment of the University of Colorado. — ^Alden Merrill is assistant 
chemist for the Coe Brass Works, address ^4 Litchfield Street, 
Torrington, Conn. He complains bitterly because Torrington 
"isn't near anything," and he is sure that it is criminal to make a 
man get to work at 7 a.m. — C. R. Adams is now with the Union 
Water Power Company, Lewiston, Me., doing hydraulic engineering 
work. He has been down in North Carolina for J. G. White & 
Co. He found B. L. Johnson working in the Carolina Coast 
region on the United States Geological Survey. — Eliot Lum is with 
the Griffin Wheel Company, Chicago. — Gait F. Parsons is with the 
Terre Haute Traction and Lighting Company, Terre Haute, Ind. — 
W. N. Munroe is with the Dallas Electric Light Company, Dallas, 
Tex. — Frank M. Carhart, civil engineer, Boise City, Ida. — ^Arthur 
C. Long is now with the American Chlorine Company, 15 Exchange 
Street, Boston, Mass. — ^The expenses of the class from graduation 

News from the Classes 


up to March 24, 1907, have been $119.59. Receipis have been 
K1Q5.84. This leaves a balance of J176.25, which is on deposit at 
the Beacon Trust Company, Boston.— We have just received a letter 
from Bill Motter, asking that all Tech men who are in Mexico send 
him their names and addresses, so that they can get together on 
occasions similar to the Christmas Day in Parral. 


Thomas L, Hinckley, S^e., 745 Osceola Avenue, St. Paul, Minn. 
Angelo T. Heywood, Rei. Sec, Mass. Inst, of Technology, Boston. 

Plans are under way for our first annual class reunion, to be held 
Commencement Day. A committee will arrange for headquarters 
to be open Tuesday, June 4, for registration and reunion, and a 
simple spread will be provided during the day. The first annual 
class dinner will be held in the evening, after which the class will 
go in a body to participate with the other classes in the "Tech Night 
at the Pops." In May a letter will be sent out to the class giving 
full details, reply card, etc. If early application is made by mem- 
bers, balcony scats for the ladies can be reserved in one block. 

In this May letter the question of what disposition shall be made 
of our fund will be put to the class. Two suggestions are: — 

(1) A permanent gift to a scholarship fund, or 

(2) The establishment of a permanent class fund to be in charge 
of and conserved by a fund committee, consisting of three members, 
one elected each year to serve three years. 

In the May leaer a definite form of constitution will be submitted 
for the consideration of the class. 

A 1906 man, in response to the wish expressed in our last issue, 
writes as follows r — 

I am not quite sure as to nhat is meant by "alumni career," but I agree 
with you that the fixing of responsibilities is important. How does this 
suggestion sound : Let us have one secretary, a resident of Boston or vicin- 
ity. Dear enough to keep in touch with the Institute, and a number, say 
three, of corresponding secretaries, chosen on account of their location. 

cncec, 01 curre: 

274 '^^^ Technology Review 

The secretary shall be dected every two years, but the corresponding secre- 
taries shall be changed only at their request or when they change their resi- 
dence. In spite of these days of space-annihilation I think there is a good 
deal in the "local color" idea, and, as we need a central authority to do 
the business of the class, and need also the advantage of the opinions and 
ideas of those living at a distance, what is the matter with diis suggestion ? 

We would say that it would be a good plan to take this up at 
the time of the reunion in June. 

From another member were received the following suggestions as 
to what might be included in the constitution, namely: — 

Some Objects of the Class Organhuxtion 

Its object shall be: — 

1. To promote the welfare of the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 

2. To promote the common assodadon of all the members of the class. 

3. To gather data from its members regarding results obtained by, and 
progress of, its members, with special respect to the preparation ^ich they 
have received at the Institute, such data to be collated and to be presented 
to an Alumni Association Committee on the School, for the purpose of better 
informing the Faculty and instructing staff of the actual results which have 
been obtained from the training received by the members of the class of 
1906 at the Institute. 

Grouping of Membership 

The membership of the class could be made up of geographical groups 
of members, as follows : — 

1. Central, or Boston, Branch, members residing in and about Boston. 

2. New York City Branch, members residing in and about New York. 

3. Philadelphia Branch, members residing in and about Philadelphia. 

4. Pittsburg Branch, members residing in and about Pittsburg. 

5. Panama Branch, etc. 

^"These and other branches could be formed and added to the class roll 
as fast as they organized themselves. 

This Central Branch might constitute a body whose duty it should be 
(i) to endeavor by all possible laudable means to keep the other (distant) 
members of the class informed about the progress of things at the Institute 
and among the class in general; (2) to have charge of the class dinners and 

News from the Classes 275 

ingements properly pertaining (o local work; (3) to hold regular 
monthly dinners at (say) the Technology Club; (4) 10 exert every effort 10 
engage every local member in some small share of the work of the whole 
class; {5) to assist the secretaries in editing the class notes for The Tech- 
nology Review or any other publication. The Central Branch might 
waft a custom of members meeting down town at convenient noon lunching 

The monthly dinners of the Technology Club might be carried on with 
the exercise of good care to have a definite program for each meeting. Pro- 
grams might include (1) readings and talks by men who from their work in 
the world ate acquainted with what is needed in young men who are just 
entering professions from college and technical schools^ (2} consideration of 
class work and interests; {3) further items which could be suggested. 

It could be the work of the other branches to hold regular meetings at 
stated times, in convenient centres, and devise ways and means whereby 
they may acquire and intelligently consider information on matters con- 
crniing the progress of the work of the Institute. 

A third member su^ests that the class be organized, having 
officers as follows: (l) a small advisory council of (say) three mem- 
bers, all resident of Boston or vicinity; (2) a secretary, who resides 
in or near Boston; and (3) the secretary or any other duly elected 
officer of each of the various branches of the class which had or- 
ganized. Members of the advisory council would serve three years, 
and one would be elected each year. The duty of this advisory 
council would be to O. K. urgent important matters which came 
up and which it would be difficult to refer at short notice to the 
class as a whole. It should also have charge of the linances of the 
class, except thai it would not have charge of any permanent fund 
the class might decide to establish. Tbe secretary would receive 
his necessary funds from the advisory council. The establishment 
of representative correspondents for the unorganized groups, small 
or large, of members of the class could be left to be arranged for 
by (he secretary. 

The geographical register printed for the last issue of the Review 
brings a number of interesting facts to light. It appears that up 


276 The Technology Review 

to date of publication three hundred and eig^^-nine replies had 
been received, or exactly one hundred more men had responded 
than received degrees last June. This is what we want, — die co- 
operation of everybody who was ever associated with our class, — and 
it is gratifying to know that such a large number of our comrades 
appreciate it. Geographically, the class may be conveniently di- 
vided into two grand divisions, those in New England and New 
York and those outside of this locality. Thus there are two hun- 
dred and fifty-four men still in the first division, and one hundred 
and thirty-five in the second, — nearly two-thirds to one-third. One 
hundred and eighty-two men find old Massachusetts about right, 
forty-eight have got as far as New York, Pennsylvania claims twenty- 
two, and Ohio fifteen. Seventeen men have (temporarily, it is to 
be hoped) forsaken the Stars and Stripes for other shores. 

From all the data thus far obtained it seems that twenty-six 
of our men are doing work for which their Tech training has 
not especially fitted them. This, we believe, is an evidence of 
the broadness and elasticity of the Institute courses of study and 
also another argument in favor of technical education in general. 
Eight of our classmates are married. 

Among the following letters are some which could not be printed 
in the January number of the Review, owing to lack of space. 

[N.B. — ^The secretaries would like to be notified if any members 
fail to receive their Review.] 

In Philadelphia the men are organizing well. From Clarence 
B. Powell we have the following interesting account, dated Jan«- 
uary 26 : — 

The '06 men who came to Philadelphia have been given a royal welcome, 
which is certainly in keeping with the friendly spirit of the Quaker town. 

In the October issue of the Review appeared a letter from H. LeR. 
Walker, '05, asking to hear from the '06 men in this city. Not content 
with this, he found our addresses in the same issue, and invited us in the 
name of the Tech " '05 Quakers" to meet the '05 men. About fourteen 
fellows from both classes were there. Cards, Tech songs, and a substantial 
supper made the evening a most delightful one. The '06 men present were 

News from the Classes 


:. Tillwo, H. W. Dean, N. A. White, A. C. Taylor, D. C. Davis, and 

Shortly before then Wolfe, who was here with the Schuylkill Bridge Com- 
pany, left for a geological surveying job in Colorado; but we understand 
the board there failed to satisfy his home tastes, and he is now safely in the 
ihehet of West Medford. 

Davis took a few weeks off about Christmas time, and went home to re- 
cover from too much Schuylkill water and too little home food. 

Two more "06 men have been added to our list, P. N, Critchlow, with 
the American Bridge Company, and R. H. Booth, with the American Tele- 
phone and Telegraph Company. 

At the annual meeting of the Technology Oub of Philadelphia, held re- 
cently. Booth was elected secretary-treasurer, and Tillaon a member of 
die executive committee. 

On the 13d of this month the '05 and the '06 men again gathered together, 
this time at the Windsor Hotel, for an informal dinner. Perhaps the day 
of the month had something to do with it, anyway the admirable menu, 
arranged for by Landers, '05, suffered a serious defeat in a very short time. 
After coffee. Booth gave us a sketch of the plans of the Philadelphia Tech 
Qub, an account of which will probably appear in the Review, and the 
" '05 Quakers" extended a cordial invitation to the '06 men to join them. 

An informal reorganization into the "Tech Quakers" was effected for 
the purpose of keeping up the Tech spirit, holding monthly meetings of 
a social nature, and gi\iRg a united support to the Philadelphia Club. 
Walker, '05, was elected president; the writer, secretary and treasurer; and 
Landers, '05, Booth, '06, and Critchlow, '06, members of an executive 

George Burpee made us a Hying visit this month while on his way from 
Kentucky to his home in Maine. He is shortly to take a position with 
Weslin^ouse, Church, Kerr & Co. in New York. 

We occasionally get to see another Course L man, H. B. Orcutt. He ii 
with the Phfcnix Bridge Company at Phcenixville, Pa. 

— W. H. Harvey (XI.) writes enthusiastically of his work. He 
aays he is "what I suppose you may call" an assistant foreman on 
the Pennsylvania tunnel worit at New York. Harvey truthfully 
says that "there is more money in New York than anywhere elie," 
and by the tone of his letter we judge he may be "getting next" to 


278 The Technology Review 

some of it. He is in the employ of the O'Rourke Construction 
Company. Before taking his present position, Harvey was for a 
time in the engineering department of the New York Board of Water * 
Supply, and later in the service of the Charles River Dam Conmiis- 
sion, where there was plenty of "good experience'' to be had. — 
G. C. Simpson (I.) left Columbus at the beginning of April for Bos- 
ton, where better opportunities seemed open. Simpson has been 
on the Pennsylvania Railroad — Indianapolis Division — since Sep- 
tember, being connected with the maintenance of way depart- 
ment. — Ranney (I.), formerly '06, reports that Professor Swain 
merely showed the class of 1906 the beginning of the fireworks, 
and that he explodes a new bomb every day for '07, and occasionally 
touches off the whole magazine. — ^''Pete'' Barnes (I.) still prefers 
White Plains to the Big City. Pete doubtless expresses the senti- 
ment of the entire class when he says, ** How we shall miss those 
finals!" — Edwin D. A. Frank (II.) writes of a vigorous course of 
sprouts with the Allis Chalmers Company: — 

I am at work ten hours a day; and, as what I have to do is fairly heavy 
work, and my strength is none too great, I am much more ready to sink 
into sweet slumber than to write letters when evening comes. ... In such 
a concern as the Allis Chalmers Company, which produces such a variety 
of things, you can, if you keep your eyes open and your mouth shut, leam 
a great deal about the work. Purely on this account I have already refused 
one very good offer which I received. ... I spend my evenings reading 
up — often in my old text-books, except those on mill engineering — ques- 
tions that have come up during the day, and am also finding time to read 
snatches of good b'terature, perhaps a chapter a day, in such books as George 
Eliot's "Adam Bede," etc. Never miss a chance — how different from Bos- 
ton ! — to see something really good at the theatre or hear something good 
in the musical line. . . . The Cornell boys around Milwaukee have formed 
an organization and every two weeks, approximately, they have a grand 
pow-wow, and all enjoy it immensely. The "Techers" here have not as 
yet made any (concerted) move towards having a good time, so far as I am 

— Charles T. Bartlett (I.) was sick for a fortnight or more in the 
latter half of March with typhoid fever. The fever itself lasted 

News from the Classes 


only a few days, but it took "Bart" some time to recover from its 
effects. We certainly rejoice with all his immediate friends in know- 
ing that Bartlett is again up and doing — the Pennsylvania Railroad. 
— E. M, Eliot {VI, ) writes us a glowing letter which shows how life 
in the Golden West is taking hold of him: — 

This country is an engineer's paradise. You ought to know that. Loads 
of new railroads coming in, lots of surveying, hridge-building, etc. Rich 
and productive lead and silver mines in the C<cur d'Alene and other dis- 
tricts, with more being opened up daily, and countless millions of ore still 
untapped. Fertile soil, requiring irrigation only to make it produce splen- 
didly. Lastly, factories and buildings going up in the town and country. 
Four long-distance lines run, or will run, from Spokane, 150, 400, 25, and 
20 miles, respectively: the 400-mile line to Seattle is only projected as 
yet. Light and powet and street cars for Spokane, power for irrigation in 
the country, powet for the mines and factories, lights for twenty or thiny 
towns around here, and for their factories, furnish ample scope for elec- 
tricity. The river furnishes the power, Hence the field is wide open for 
the civil engineer, the hydraulic — particularly the irrigation — engineer, the 
mining, mechanical, and the electrical engineer, the architect, and in Spokane 
the sanitary engineer. Spokane land is a hne investment, so is Spokane 
businessi but the best investment of all is mining stock. For every pro- 
ducing mine there are three holes in the ground ; but, if you can get an 
inside track, there are fottunes in the hills. Inside tracks, needless to say, 
aren't lying around loose, and the small investor stands very httle show of 
escaping unstung. 

The biggest electrical stum here is the Spokane and Inland Empire Com- 
pany, run by J. P. Groves, of Brooklyn. It is a consolidation of the Spokane 
and Inland, Cceur d'Alene, and Spokane Traction Companies. It has big 
money, modem equipment, enterprising management, and liberal chaner 
and franchises. . . . 

Seattle, too, is booming in electricity. The Seattle Electric Company 
(1./., Stone & Webster) are to build two new plants of 1,500 H. P. total 
capacity, and a railroad into Portland in the near future. . . . 

Have now had experience in general electrical repair work, switch, line, 
generators, and transformer construcrion and setting-up work, also lighting, 
battery, and single-panel work to such an extent that I am no longer an 
ignoramus on the subject. . . . 

28o The Technology Review 

This work makes it hard to study. I haven't touched my mathematics, 
but keep "read up" in the Electrical Worlds and keep one technical book 
going. Letters are my biggest nuisance. Sent to Paris for Blondell's 
article on "Transmission Lines/' and have been well repaid for my trouble. 
Have taken lots of good photographs, and have bought a .35 Winchester 

— Norman P. Gerhard writes from Kingston, N.Y., Nov. 18, 1906: — 

I was appointed assistant engineer of the New York Board of Water 
Supply in October, and am stationed here at Kingston in the office of the 
real estate division of the Reservoir Department. This division has die 
work of surveying and mapping the properties to be acquired for the great 
Ashokan Reservoir, which is to be built in the valley of the Esopus Creek, 
to supply the dty of New York. 

— In December "Bill" Deavitt wrote as follows: — 

I notice in the last issue of the Tech Review I am reported in Aguasca- 
lientes, Mexico. I did leave the United States, but went North instead 
of South, and for over four months have been with the Canadian Copper 
Company. Until this month I was in Copper Cliff, where I was connected 
with the laboratory, and had charge of the sampling for a while. At present 
I am about twenty-five miles from Copper Cliff, and am assistant to the 
captain of the mine here. I believe you were here on your summer school 
trip, so won't need to describe the place. 

— Philip N. Sadtler, at Duncan Mills, Mechanicville, N.Y., is with 
the West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company at that address. He 
says under date of Oct. 6, 1906: — 

The prospects with them are very good, and new and varied work very 
plentiful. I am still unmarried. 

—Bob Hursh writes: — 

I am getting along pretty well, and have plenty of work all the time. 
I like Mexico very much, and think there is a great fortune ahead for mining 
and smelting. This company is first-rate to work for, and their plants are 
well managed and up to date in every respect. ... I am on night shift at 
present moment, and have not rime to write more. 

News from the Classes 


— Wendell P. Terrell, at Pratrie View, State Normal and Industrial 
InBtitutc, Texas, wrote Oct. 29, 1906: — 

nth and a hair ago I was not thinking of 
ere, and besides have a chance to do good 
: charge of is entirely out of ray line, but 
:lasE work, I have supervision of the car- 

I am hard at it. About a ra 
coming down here. But I am I 
work. Some of the work I ha' 
1 believe 1 can do it. Besides 

pentry and blacksmith shops, laundry, power p'lani, and repairs. . . . Where 
ate the other boys in Texas located } I would like to know. 

I have not told you my dtle yet. It is "Superintendent of the Mechanical 
Department and Professor of Drawing." 1 am going to have it changed, 
if possible. 

"Hank" Me: 

s from Bisbee, Ariz., Nov, 5, 1906. — 

I am now at Bisbee, working underground for the Copper Queen Com- 
pany at the Spray Mine. T^is is just to get a little practical experience, 
and 1 have gone in with the understanding that I shall be changed from 
one posidon to another. 1 may stay here a year. 

I am not struck on Bisbee itself, although the mine is pretty fine. 

-"Bill" Sheldon V 

s from Aspen, Col,, Jan. 15, 1907: — 


5 the 

of the tow 

) the 

ckies, not far from Leadville. 
t has been a small boom here 

e the 


I am here trying to learn a few things about pracdcal mining, beginning 
from the ground down, Mr. Wilcox, the superintendent of the Smu^er 
Mine here, is Tech, '87, and he has given me the run oflhe mine. I started 
in "single jacking," then 1 went on the timbct gang, then laid track for a 
ndule. Am now going to help on a machine, then lake a few stunts with 
the chain gang. I've been at it since November, and am beginning to feel 
at home underground. There are <fuite a number of Austrians, dagoes, 
French, and Swedes working, so I am getting on to a number of lingoes. 

— In November, 1906, Wciterer wrote in part as follows: — 

i-ing city, and has grown wonderfully 

Dallas, where I am located, 
within the last five yean. 


282 The Technology Review 

— Carl E. Hanson, at 76 Franklin Street, Lynn, Mass., writes March 
26, 1907: — 

I have been draughting for the General Electric Company for nearly five 
months, and have been getting some excellent experience along just the 
lines I desired. I am in the special tool and machinery department, where 
they design special tools and machines which they need in manufacturing 
their product, and cannot buy. My work has been mostly designing. The 
engineers tell us what the machine is to accomplish and the method, per- 
haps; and then we have to get out the machine and the tools for it. 

— Fay Libbey writes from Cobalt, Ontario, March 4, 1907: — 

I am helping work a claim here in this remarkable district, and am having 
a very independent life. We are about four miles out of the town of Cobalt, 
but we have a warm house and a couple of dogs; and, when the tempera- 
ture doesn't go down out of sight, it's very comfortable here. 

— Sylvanus W. Wilder (II.) writes (from Paterson, N.J.) in part: — 

I occasionally go up to New York to the Tech Club, and enjoy it im- 
mensely. On March 30 I went up, and about six of the '06 men were pres- 
ent at a smoker given to '98, '99, and '00. When it gets around to '04, '05, 
'06, we predict the house will not be able to hold us. . . . 

The class will sympathize with Richard McKay (III.) who was 
called home early in April by the sudden death of his mother. — 
From the Lawrence (Mass.) Telegram^ Jan. 22, 1907, we have the 
following: — 

John J. Donovan, of 34 Sargent Street, North Andover, with Emest & 
Flagg, architects, 174 West 109th Street, New York City, is at present the 
supervising architect on the Singer Sewing Machine Company's forty-one- 
story building being erected at the comer of Liberty Street and Broadway, 
New York City, which, when completed, will be the highest building in the 

Mr. Donovan graduated from Phillips Andover in the class of 1902 and 
from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the class of 1906, win- 
ning signal honors. 

He has been with the New York firm named since his graduation, and 

News from the Classes 283 

up to a shoit time ago was located in Pittsburg, Pa., but, when operations 
were commenced upon the erection of the mammoth Singer building, he 
was transferred to the metropolis. 

Mr. Donovan learned the trade of a brick-mason before entering Phillips 
Andover, and was recognized as an exceptional workman. Working at 
his trade during the summer vacation, he was able to earn money enough 
10 pay his schooling expenses during the fall and winter months. From 
Andover be entered M, I. T., and the bnUiancy exhibited by him during 
his course attracted the attention of the faculty, who considered hiia one of 
the brightest men in bis class. 

Securing the practical side first, and then taking up the theoretical, Mr. 
Donovan is now prepared to make a name for himself in the architectural 

— Wallace R. Hall visited his home in Newton Highlands early in 
February. — Blodgelt (I.) Js still on construction work in Louisiana. 
Is at present engaged on bridge across Lake Pontchartrain. Gets 
into New Orleans once in a while to observe the beautiful Creole 
belles, etc. — Farwell (I.) reports three feet of snow at Buford, No. 
Dak., during March. He is doing reinforced concrete design for 
the United States Reclamation Service.— J. Edward Griffin (I.) was 
in Boston in March on a month's vacation, to attend his sister's wed- 
ding. He has been surveying in open pits and underground for the 
Meriden Iron Company. He finds the weather a bit cold up there 
in the winter time, and makes a toboggan slide once in a while with 
the transit. He manages to dodge the ore blasts. — It is reported 
that the Mining fVorld recently published a picture of George Hen- 
derson seated in an automobile in the desert. — From the South 
Framingham (Mass.) Tribune of March 15, 1907, we have: — 

The many friends q( Arthur £. Wells, a graduate of the Framingham 
High School, doing the four years' course in three years, and afterward 
graduating with honors from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
are pleased to learn tbat he bas been appointed to the position of head chem- 
ist of the American Smelring and ReliRtng Company of Salt Lake City. 
He was promoted over the beads of several older and more experienced 
men. It is not always pull that wins the good places, but ability, grit, and 

284 The Technology Review 

— Charles E. Johnson (II.) has been away from Boston on a trip 
of inspection in Maine districts for the New England Telephone 
& Telegraph Company. — "Stew" Coey (VI.) was in Boston in 
latter part of March. He has been inspecting in electrical insulator 
work. — Edwin B. Bartlett writes from Norwood, Ohio: — 

Leiand Woodruff (VI.), and myself are here in Cincinnati, working in 
the Apprentice Course of the Bullock Electric Manufacturing Company. 
It is hard work, but gives one a great chance to learn. 

— George Henderson (III.) writes from Rhyolite, Nev.: — 

I came down here from Minnesota the first of November. I like it very 
much. The country is new, and things look very promising. WeeWiU- 
iams came on the first of the year, and is working for a firm of mining en- 
gineers he^e in town. I get all kinds of work here, and am learning some- 
thing new every day about mining. I do the assaying, surveying, and 
general office work. The general manager of the company, Mr. Blackmer, 
is a Tech man of '98. 

Rhyolite is a town of about twenty-five hundred inhabitants, and what 
it lacks in numbers it makes up in hustle. There are quite a number of 
mines in the immediate vicinity of the town, all being gold mines. Living 
is rather high, it costing I50 per month for board and I25 for a room, but 
wages are high in proportion. Nobody gets less than I4.50 a day. There 
are mountains all around us: to the south-west lies the Funeral Range, 
which is on the eastern side of Death Valley. The vegetation here is prin- 
cipally sage brush, cactus, and sand. The weather now is great, being just 
like spring back East, and the nights are cool. They say it gets hot as 
the devil in the summer time, but I guess I can stand it O. K. When is 
the next number of the Review coming out ? Soon, I hope, as it is good 
to get the news from the other boys. 

— Cliff Wilfley (III.) wrote from Maryville, Mo., in February. — 

With snow on the ground and snow falling, the absence of jingling sleigh- 
bells makes me think of last winter when I thought it strange that they 
used bells on their horses with all kinds of vehicles there in old Boston. 
We hear them occasionally when we get the fair [maid of our choice, and 
take her out for a sleigh-ride. 

News from the Classes 285 

And in March from Denver, Col. : — 

Here I am up in the air so high that I have ta carry a made-to-order, 
pockei-size Ingersoll compressor in my pocket, which delivers air through 
a tube into my lungs. I picked up my duds, and skipped to Denver on 
the 5th, where I had a swdl time visiting my uncle's folks and chasing the 
wind in the fastest ear in Denver. 

It's somewhat snowy up here, but not really cold weather; and I think 
I will get acclimated tolerably readily. It takes my breath to walk up one 
or two of these i,ooo per cent, grades to my boarding-house. I rather think 
I will like Mexico better if I can get strong enough to do all the work I want 
to do. 

In Denver I went around to Willis Caypless' house to see him, but found 
he had recently been transferred to Pueblo. I was going to look up Varian, 
too, but got my sailing orders so suddenly I had to hurty. 

The following changes of address have been received since the 
January issue: Robert £. Cushman (II.) reports that he and Bur- 
leigh have resigned their positions with the car heating company in 
Albany, and are now employed as draughtsmen by the American 
Bridge Company. Wilmington, Del. They work at the Edge Moor 
plant which is some three miles out of this city. The address of 
both is 405 Washington Street, Wilmington, Del.— William A. 
Sheldon. (III.), Aspen, Col.— Herbert L. Williams has changed 
from Lead, So. Dak., to Box 54, Rhyolite, Nev.,with Cameron & Cox, 
mining engineers. — Raymond J. Barber (III.), care of Minas del 
Tajo, Rosario, Sinaloa, Mexico. He is shift man in the cyanide 
mill. — H. A. Terrell (II.) has returned to Tech for the second term. 
— Clarence E. Lasher (VI.) has left Lynn to go West in the elec- 
trical line. — Shirley P. Newton (V.) has changed from work with 
Dr. Gill at the Institute to the Sherwin-Williams Paint Company in 
Ohio. — H. E. L. Lewenberg (X.) is now located at 164 Front Street, 
New York City, with chemical engineers. — James H. Polhemus 
(III.), who went to the Joplin zinc district, gives his address as 
Carthage, Mo. "Dick" is well located, likes his work, which is 
varied, also the company and his associates, and he expects to learn 
much in the district. — William J, Deavitt (III.) is reported early in 

286 The Technology Review 

March out in Iron River, Mich. Address, Iron River's New Brick 
Hotel. — ^Nestor M. Seiglie (I.) is now first assistant with the De- 
partment of Public Works at Moron, Camagiiey, Cuba. 

The following men have been located by the secretaries since the 
last issue of the Review: — 

J. H. Peabody (IV.), with Peabody & Steams, 53 State Street, Boston, 

Carl Emil Hanson (II.), 76 Franklin Street, Lynn, Mass. Draughtsman 

in special tool and machinery department with the General Electric 

Samuel Peter Sargent (VIII., X.) returned to the Institute after a year of 

absence, but was obliged to take a rest on account of poor health. 
Leland WoodruflF (VI.), 4926 Linden Avenue, Norwood, Ohio, Apprentice 

Course in the Bullock Electric Manufacturing Company. 
John H. Fellows (II.), New Britain, Conn. 

Lemuel D. Smith (XIII.). His address was incorrectly given in the Octo- 
ber Review. It should be 153 East 86th Street, New York City, with 

"The Winthrop Press" at 32 Lafayette Place. 
Roy all D. Bradbury (I.), assistant in civil engineering, Mass. Institute of 

Technology, Boston, Mass. 
John C. Daly, Jr. (III.), 47 Townsend Street, Roxbury, Mass. 
Cari F. Edwards, B. S. (XIII.), '06, 635 Y. M. C. A. Building, Newark, N.J. 
Thornton M. Gilmer (I.), with engineering department, Consolidated Gas 

Company of New York, 208 West 72d Street, New York, N.Y. 
Charles A. Holmquist, B.S. (I.), 334 Plymouth Avenue, Rochester, N.Y. 
James G. Riley (V.), 12 Fiske Street, Waltham, Mass. 
Charles J. Rich (II.), 15 Cottage Street, Norwood, Mass. 
Edward L, Mayberry and Llewellyn A. Parker recently announced that 

they had established an office for the practice of Structural Steel and 

Reinforced Concrete Engineering under the firm name of Maybeny 

& Parker with offices at 372-373 Pacific Electric Building, Los 

Angeles, Cal. 

Book Review 




f Louis Derr, M.A., S.B. Macmillan Company, 1906. 

The volume before us is the outcome of a series of experimental 
lectures which the author has given for a number of years at the 
Institute, and is designed for a class of readers with some knowledge 
of the principles of physics and chemistry. The subject is treated 
from a thoroughly scientific point of view, and the student will find 
compressed within reasonable compass an admirable treatment not 
only of matters relating to the choice of photographic apparatus 
and the procedure to be followed in making a finished picture, but 
also the reasons and in many cases the theory, so far as it is known, 
for each step of the work. The scope of the subjects treated may 
be seen from the following resume. 

The first portion of the work is devoted to a discussion of the 
optics of the camera. This includes an interesting introductory 
chapter on pin-hole photography, a description of lenses and lens 
systems, and an admirably clear treatment of their errors and hm- 
itations due to aberrations, astigmatism, distortion, ghosts, etc. 
There is also included a chapter on the classification of lenses, in- 
cluding tele photo- lenses, and on lens-testing, together with a full 
discussion of the function of the diaphragm and the effect of "stop- 
ping" upon the resulting photographic image. 

Comparatively little space is devoted to a description of the vari- 
ous types of cameras and their accessories, as these are of less vital 
importance from a scientific point of view. 

The chemistry and manipulation of the various steps involved in 
making a photograph, including exposure, development, and print- 
ing, are next taken up in detail, the subject being introduced by a 
prehminary chapter on photochemical action. This intensely in- 

288 The Technology Review 

teresting topic might perhaps have been discussed with advantage 
at somewhat greater length, so as to have included, for example, 
the results of the beautiful investigatoins of Bunsen and Roscoe on 
the laws of photochemical action and photochemical induction. 
The chapter on the intensification and the reduction of negatives 
with microphotographic illustrations of the effect of various in- 
tensifying reagents forms a valuable addition to this section of the 
work. The chapter on lantern slides will also prove very welcome 
to teachers, and to all those interested in optical projection, for 
the many practical suggestions which it contains. 

The work concludes with a discussion of several practical methods 
of testing shutter exposures and with a chapter on the present state 
of the art of color photography, including the processes of Lipp- 
mann, Ives, Joly, McDonough and Wood. 

The whole work will be most warmly welcomed by all interested 
in photography from its scientific aspect, not only for its reliability, 
for which the wide personal experience of the author in photographic 
matters is guarantee, but also for the admirable manner in which 
so wide a range of subjects has been condensed without the work 
assuming in any way the form of a hand-book of directions. 

In conclusion, a word of praise must be added for the excellence 
of the press-work and illustrations, many of which are new and 
taken from the author's own negatives. 

H. M. Goodwin, '90. 




Alexander Strong Wheeler, whose death on April 13, 1907, 
deprived the Corporation of the Institute of one of its oldest, 
most devoted, and most important members, was born at 
East Sudbury (or, as it is now called, Wayland), Mass., 
on the 7th of August, 1820. The Wheeler family came from 
Concord, though his grandfather, Abner Wheeler,* lived in 

His father, Asa Wheeler, was unfortunate in business, and, 
when Alexander was three years old, his parents moved to 
Orford, N.H., the birthplace of his mother, Emily Strong, 
and the home of his grandfather, Alexander Strong. His 
father and mother continued to be poor, but Mr. Strong 
was a prosperous farmer, with the ambitious desire to send 
one of his grandchildren to college. He wisely chose 
Alexander for this career, and sent him to school at Meriden, 
and afterwards at Haverhill, to prepare for Danmouth. 
The grandfather died before his plan could be carried out, 
but a half-brother of Alexander, some ten years his senior, 
aided him, and he himself was able to earn something by 
teaching school in the vacations, and thus make his way 

290 The Technology Review 

through the college from which he graduated in 1840. He 
had already selected the law as his profession, and after 
tutoring for a year in a private family in Orange G)unty, 
Va., entered a law office in Troy, N.Y., declining an oflFer 
of a clerkship in one of the departments at Washington. 
After a year at Troy he attended the Harvard Law School, 
and, though he could afford to stay but for one term, he 
always looked upon the training he received there under 
Story and Greenleaf as invaluable, and regarded them as 
ideal teachers. 

In 1843 ^^ entered the office of Sidney Bartlett as a 
student, and the day before his admission to the bar Mr. 
Bartlett, who was already one of the leading lawyers in 
Boston, offered to take him into partnership. Attractive 
as this offer was, he declined it without hesitation to carry 
out an arrangement which he had already made with his 
classmate, Henry C. Hutchins. This was the turning- 
point of his career. He was still indebted to his brother 
for a part of the cost of his education, and the brave and 
honorable resolution to forego the assured position and 
income which Mr. Bartlett's proposition gave him, and to 
start instead with a partner of his own age to make his own 
way, rather than disappoint a friend, was highly character- • 

The connection between Mr. Wheeler and Mr. Hutchins 
was a remarkable one. Born on the same day, the former 
in East Sudbury, Mass., the latter in Bath, N.H., they 
met for the first time at school in Haverhill, became friends, 
were classmates and finally room-mates at Dartmouth, 
separated temporarily after leaving college, but as soon as 
possible formed the partnership which lasted during their 
lives and has been continued by their sons. The close 
intimacy between them was by no means confined to business^ 

Alexander Strong Wheeler 


•y were for any reason separated, their correspond- 
ence was frequent and regular. The partnership lasted for 
fifty years, from Jan. i, 1844, to the death of Mr. Hut- 
chins, Oct- 28, 1894. During that time there were 
several periods of years at a time during which one or 
the other partner was, by reason of illness or accident, 
unable to do any part of the work, yet no change was ever 
made in the division of the income. 

It may be interesting to recall that after the Boston fire, 
when almost all the local insurance companies had failed, 
Mr. Wheeler acted as their counsel, attended to their re- 
organization, and drafted and presented to the legislature 
the statute which made this possible. This is not the place, 
however, to speak at length of Mr. Wheeler's professional 
career. He was the trusted adviser of a very large number 
of active business men, and he made use of his legal knowl- 
edge, his practical good sense, and the influence over men 
which was given him, panly by these qualities, but above 
all by his brave, simple, and kindly nature, to avert quarrels 
and prevent unnecessary litigation. Mindful of this, his 
family, when asked to choose one of the beatitudes as the 
subject for a memorial window which they desired to place 
in Arlington Street Church, selected "Blessed are the Peace- 

Recognizing the value of Mr. Wheeler's business judg- 
ment and sound common sense, some of his clients, who 
were corporations, asked him to act upon their boards of 
directors, and the Second National Bank and Bigelow 
Carpet Company greatly appreciated the long and faith- 
ful service which he rendered them in this capacity. 

He felt it part of the duty of every one to give a portion of 
his time and strength to public and benevolent work, and 
was for many years one of the trustees, and also for a time 

292 The Technology Review 

the president, of the Boston Asylum and Farm School. He 
was elected into the Corporation of the Institute in 1882, 
and was placed upon the Committee of the School of In- 
dustrial Science, a comparatively large body, to which, 
in connection with the President, was intrusted the manage- 
ment of the institution. After Mr. Rogers's death he took 
an active part in remodelling the by-laws and substituting 
for this large committee the present small Executive Com- 
mittee. Of this he was one of the original members, and to 
the time of his resignation, in 1902, he continued to be 
most active and attentive to its duties. He thus took part 
in the decision of all the important questions which con- 
fronted the Institute during that long period, and gave 
gladly the benefit of his legal knowledge, large experience, 
and wise estimate of men and things. His kindly disposi- 
tion and warm sympathy with the feelings and opinions 
of others led him to cultivate and encourage the greatest 
harmony and friendliness in the committee and in the 
Corporation and between them and the Faculty. He was 
a fervent and devoted admirer of the Institute and an opti- 
mist as to its future, jealous of its reputation and high 
standards, and willing to go very far in favoring any de- 
sirable enlargement, whether in land, buildings, curriculum, 
or staff, in the confident faith that, if the work were good, 
the financial support would not be lacking. 

Mr. Wheeler was sincerely religious, and never failed to 
attend church on Sunday when physically able, and in his 
household he kept up the old fashion of conducting family 
prayers every morning. He was a member of Arlington 
Street Church in Boston, and served for some years on 
its Prudential Committee. He was also trustee of the 
Massachusetts Bible Society, and a member, and at one 
time president, of the Unitarian Qub. 

Alexander Strong Wheeler 293 

While never a candidate for any political office, he took 
a great interest in public questions, and wrote papers on 
the Tariff, on Socialism, on Banking, Labor, and other 
subjects of that character, some of which were published 
in magazines, and some read before the Boston Commercial 
Qub or other organizations. 

Such a brief account as I have been able to give presents 
but a poor picture of Mr. Wheeler's character, which was 
at once strong, broad, and charming. His sympathies 
were wide, and his kindness and courtesy to young men was 
most striking, as the writer has often had occasion to ap- 
preciate. Particularly, also, his heart went out to those 
who had their own way to make, and to this was due much 
of the love he bore the Institute. 

William Lowell Putnam. 

294 The Technology Review 


extracts from a pamphlet published in leipzig by dr. w. 
b6ettger, privatdozent at the university 

Translated by Chauncy C. Batchelor. 

When I received an invitation to spend a year as Research Associ- 
ate in the Research Laboratory of Physical Chemistry at the Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology, I was inclined, in the first place, 
to accept because I had made the acquaintance of a considerable 
number of the many American students who visit the University 
of Leipzig (especially the Physical Chemistry Institute), and thus 
had a good preliminary knowledge. In the second place I was 
glad of the opportunity to work in the school of one of the best- 
known chemists of America, -and to become acquainted with the 
methods of instruction in American institutions of the higher learn- 

In this essay I have recorded not merely my impressions of the 
things which appear especially remarkable to new-comers in America, 
but rather a few observations on which I have based some conceptions 
formed after mature consideration, in part not until several months 
after my return home. With this caution, I think, it becomes easier 
to separate the real from the unreal. The danger of confounding 
the incidental with the typical, and thus getting a false conception 
of conditions in America, is greater than might be expected. Soon 
after the visitor arrives in the new country, owing to the overpower- 
ing and contradictory impressions which he receives, he falls into 
such a mental state that, unconsciously, he is unable to make clear 
observations. This condition lasts the longer, the more the traveller 
attempts to see. It soon becomes evident that this hasty method 
leads to injustice, but nevertheless the observer realizes that he is 
helpless before the multitude of widely varying phenomena. Not 
until much later does he become convinced that it is not a hopeless 
problem, but that, however, he must observe and experiment care- 

Amerikanisches Hochschulwesen 


fully before he can draw any very far-reaching conclusions. If I 
am not mistaken, many criticisms which I consider unjust, and 
which I mention in the following pages, are due to just this incom- 
plete clarification of ideas. 

The Institutions of Higher Learning 

Among the many problems which press for solution in an article 
concerning a country of such strongly pulsing life, I shall pay special 
attention to education, and in particular to the institutions of higher 
learning. The more detailed discussion of this subject seems 
warranted because of the interest shown in various ways by Germany 
in the development of college education which has occurred in 
America during recent years. This attention is doubtless justified; 
for we need only remember that the public high schools established 
lately in certain German cities have existed for over sixty-five years 
in Boston, and the academies of practical medicine founded a few 
years ago are anticipated by schools in New York. It is certainly 
not too much to say that America in matters of education, and par- 
ticularly in those of higher education, is the land of experimentation 
on a large scale. Familiarity with American college education 
will be instructive in another respect. We not only may obtain data 
for the solution of problems which with us are only in the theo- 
retical stage, hut, on closer consideration of what we may observe 
there, we may find underlying principles, the knowledge and 
consideration of which will be of great value. 

It is easily comprehensible that we in this country should 
have hitherto paid little attention to American college education, 
for German universities enjoy such world-wide reputation that 
it would surely be reckless to doubt the soundness of their 
fundamental principles. Moreover, university education in Amer- 
ica has assumed its present significance in perhaps only the 
last thirty years, although some universities, hke Harvard, Yale, 
Princeton, and Columbia, are considerably older. The whole 
movement is, then, much younger, and for that reason more prac- 
tical. We might be tempted to believe that the study of a system 



296 The Technology Review 

of higher education still in active process of development might 
be rather purposeless, because it is unfinished. It can only be 
answered, however, that this makes the study difficult, but not 
futile. In many important problems Americans have already 
established their position. It is only the form of expression, then, 
which changes. Regarding certain other problems there is disa- 
greement, and so various experiments are being tried; but among 
us many of these problems are left untouched. 

It may be stated with certainty concerning their activity in the 
province of higher education that the Americans, in the short space 
of a few decades, have obtained very notable and original results. 
This is not very surprising upon closer examination; for we have 
only to remember that many young Americans, after ending their 
studies at home, go abroad to complete and enrich their education. 
They return in due course, not only with their diploma, but, what 
is more important, with a broader view of the world, which, doubt- 
less, materially helps their later activity as teachers. Therefore, it 
is no wonder that the prosperity of the American colleges, and with 
it the growth of knowledge, has come upon them so swiftly. 

American colleges in the East are practically all private institu- 
tions. In the Central and Western States, state and private colleges 
exist side by side. Primarily, the advantages of the state as against 
the private university seemed to me so obvious that, soon after my 
arrival in Boston, I asked an American professor whether there 
was no prospect of the private universities being taken over by the 
State. The brief answer: "There is no danger of that,** surprised 
me at the time very much. Since then, however, I have become 
convinced that the system of private universities, at least under 
existing conditions, is quite practical. If, in the following pages, I 
confine myself chiefly to the private universities, I do so vnthout any 
implication that the founding of private universities here is an object 
worth striving for. Our discussion must be limited to those circum- 
stances which increase the effectiveness of the universities as insti- 
tutions for the deepening of knowledge and the increase of power, 
which in our system do not play such an important part. The 
most important diflference between State and private universities 

Amerikanisches Hochschulwesen 


S that the latter receive no subsidy from the State and consequently 
independent. For this reason, however, the president of 
sity not only must be the intellectual leader, but also has 
thrust upon him the onerous duty of providing the necessary means 
for the subsistence of the university. Under conditions with which 
we are familiar, this would be an impossibility; but in America, 
where so many people have acquired wealth easily, it is essentially 
less difficult. Even so it is hard enough, so that the ideas vrhich we 
get of the wealth of American universities are quite often without 
foundation. This system, however, unavoidably smacks somewhat 
of commercialism. 

This circumstance may easily appear to us very disadvantageous, 
and it cannot be denied, perhaps, that the complete, or almost com- 
plete, independence, and the resulting material self-reliance, have 
the immediate effect of placing the private university and its achieve- 
ments at the mercy of chance circumstances, such as the intellectual 
and financial activity of the president and the interest of rich people, 
when the corresponding official aid of the State is lacking. We 
must not overlook the fact, however, that this method of college 
organization also offers advantages, especially since the same man 
who is responsible for the competent instruction and who, with the 
help of other officers, governs the economic interests of the college, 
remains in closest connection with the college, with its vital interests 
and with its sphere of influence. As a result, more attention is paid 
to local state interests than in a system of economic centralization. 
The organization of the American university favors differentiation, 
but this differentiation can normally apply only to those details 
which affect the existence and influence of the institution. As soon 
as differentiation is carried to such a point that one college falls 
below another in achievement, then attendance decreases, and its 
existence is imperilled. Since the consequences of this failure to 
obtain definite results do not make themselves felt quickly, we 
may perceive in this another advantage, — that of greater mobility 
and easier adaptability, which, to be sure, involves sometimes a 
great disadvantage, that of instability. 
The necessity for financial self-support requires that capital should 

be laid out only on those things which are strictly necessary for 
carrying out the purpose of the institution. The lecture and office 
buildings are constructed in a simple style, the older ones are with- 
out decoration. There are exceptions, of course; but in the general 
interior finishing of most colleges this principle of economy is shown. 
The auditoriums are quite frequently imperfectly provided with 
apparatus for lecture demonstrations. On the other hand, the fur- 
nishing of the laboratories with apparatus for practical instruction 
is usually complete. As a further result of financial independence, 
the students must, as explained more fully below, pay an essentially 
higher tuition fee, in order to bring up the general 

Of those details concerning the students which 
to us, we may note that the schedule of studies is mor 
prescribed, and that the student's activity is regularly con 
This is partly because the relation of the college (the preli 
step to the university proper) to the school is different fro 
with which we are familiar. The pupil in the American inter- 
mediate school does not cover so much ground as has the graduate 
of the German Gymnasiam, Realgymnasium, or Oberreahchule. 

n fa miliar 
r less strictly 


Preparation for Higher StuJy 

The regular course of preparation for college consists of a certain 
number of years spent in the Primary, Grammar, and High Schools. 
The normal length of time spent in the High School is about four 
years, but capable students can fulfil the requirements in about 
three. The average age for graduation from High School is about 
eighteen years. In general, entrance to any school, and especially 
to the colleges, is secured not so much by the possession of a cer- 
tificate showing successful study in some class or in the whole school 
as by success in passing an examination. It is accordingly not by 
any means necessary for every boy who offers himself as a candi- 
date for admission (o show that he has gone through all these schools. 
In the requirements for admission to the Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology it is stated that the candidate must pass the examina- 
tions which are held in the Institute or else those of the College 


Amerikanisches Hochschulwesen 299 

Entrance Examination Board. In regard [o the schools it is 
merely mentioned that the best High Schools are adapted to the 
preparation of students for the examinations in that Institute. 

In these public schools the tuition is free. On the other hand, 
the tuition fees in the colleges and universities are high. There 
exists, therefore, a tendency to give the greatest possible number 
of children, especially those who are least able to make their hving, 
the opportunity to prepare for study at college. Here we find 
a characteristic departure from what we are accustomed to, which 
accounts for many essential differences between the two views 
of hfe; namely, that the separation of the scholars according to their 
intended callings begins later in America. The future merchants, 
land-owners, and members of the learned professions sit together 
in the High Schools. 

Under these circumstances, in order to allow for individual pref- 
erences of the scholars without increasing the time allotted to each 
school day or the school term as a whole, there is a certain limited 
freedom in the choice of studies. The preparation for study in the 
university in America does not cover so much ground as here, 
although the course in the schools (primary, grammar, and high) 
normally takes about twelve years. The explanation is easily 
found. The demands made upon the young generation are, with 
a view to the stronger development of the body in these years, 
slighter than here. Among the college students, who therefore are 
in a more advanced state of physical development, the opposite 
condition is true. 

Student Freedom 

The preparation for entrance to college which the boy has re- 
ceived in the secondary schools corresponds somewhat to that for 
entrance to the first class of our higher secondary schools. The 
preparation for special study does not begin until he enters college. 
Accordingly, the American student is more restricted during his 
first years in college. A change is already beginning, however. 
In the later years at college the student is allowed greater freedom 
1 the regulation of his studies. This circumstance is quite typical; 


300 The Technology Review 

for, whereas in Germany the work in the later years is not very 
strenuous for a scholar of average ability, — I myself have not gone 
through the regular course, — so that those weaker in will and more 
gifted may easily adopt a habit of Jolce far nientfy in America 
the young man at his entrance to college, at an age when impulse 
to high activity is roused, finds in the raising of the requirements a 
wished-for opportunity to test and further develop his capability. 

The student, accordingly, does not attain so suddenly as here the 
freedom of an elective system, and he is preserved from mistakes 
which entail heavy consequences. Perhaps the argument may 
be advanced that our system is preferable because those who do 
not make the right use of the freedom granted them, sooner or 
later drop out, so that finally only those arrive at their goal who 
appreciate the privileges and duties of student freedom. This 
reasoning is, to be sure, logical, but it is one-sided. It suggests 
that the student already possesses the very thing for which he is about 
to strive. In America, as well as here, educators are working toward 
that same end, — free election, — but with smaller loss incurred be- 
cause of the more gradual transition. 

A further and more important argument against the American 
system is that the growing man is deprived of an important oppor- 
tunity for strengthening his sense of responsibility. It would 
require too much space to describe how this end of education is 
attained. In the following pages the story partly tells itself. There- 
fore, I will limit myself to quoting a statement made by Charles 
W. Eliot, a recognized leader of American college education, and 
the veteran, successful president of Harvard College, in his book^ 
"Educational Reform" (p. 125): — 

A university which teaches arts and sciences should assure her students 
of three things: — 

1. Freedom in the choice of studies. 

2. Opportunity to win academic distinction in single courses or in special 

3. An education which teaches each student that he is responsible for his 
habits and for his conduct of life. 

Amcrikanisches HochschuUvesen 


To avoid misunderstanding. let it be clearly understood that the 
essential difference is not that the American student is more re- 
stricted in what he may or may not do, but that he gradually comes 
to this freedom which the German student has enjoyed from the day 
of his matriculation. 

In connection with this problem let us consider another principle 
which decidedly distinguishes American methods of instruction from 
ours. In America the educator believes that the purpose of college 
education is to raise the quality of achievement of the average man, 
whereas in Germany the emphasis is notably laid on the task of 
bringing the best men to their highest development. It seems to 
me that this is the essential difference between the two systems. 
The German point of view is characterized by the sentence from 
Fichte's Rector's Address: — 

We should consider one industrious and adaptable student of more value 
than hundreds of lazy and incapable men. and if the two kinds may not be 
handled side by side, let us let the hundred go in order to save the one. 

In America, where in most respects, to be sure, no great value is 
set upon a man's life, the universities are so planned that the powers 
of men of only moderate ability may be as far as possible developed. 
The educator stares with the idea that those less gifted by Nature 
have greater need of an education than those talented ones who 
make their way by their own strength, if they be given a fair oppor- 

This system has several not inconsiderable dangers. For ex- 
ample, the standards of requirement may be lowered, and thus 
make possible an invasion of the learned professions by the less 
worthy. By the following statements, however, we may perceive 
that great care is taken to guard against this by dropping from 
the colleges those who show that they cannot fulfil the requirements. 
Besides, this danger is well recognized, as is shown by the following 
statement of Charles W. Eliot: — 

The ideals of an educational institution should never be determined by 
ibe capacity of the less capable students. A university should, under all 
circumstances, offer what the best students need, and adapt itself to the 

I ^ kilCUHIliXiUlL'Cb, UTII 

30i The Technology Review 

capacity of the poorer ones only so far as is consistent with the first require- 

The Entrance an J Term Examinations 

Of those aids to instruction in which the American colleges diiFer 
from ours, examinations are of first importance. The American 
student, as has been mentioned above, secures entrance to college by 
an examination in which he has to give account of his preparation. 
This provision, which, moreover, formerly existed in this country, is 
modified somewhat by the fact that the secondary schools in which 
the boys receive their preparation show great differences in require- 
ments and actual results. There is now on foot a movement to 
simplify these entrance examinations by allowing the students of 
designated High Schools of good reputation to enter without exam- 
ination any one of the association of colleges. A strong watch is 
kept on the students of these schools, however, and this privilege 
is taken away as soon as they show any signs of slackening their 

The examinations are held, in vrridng, at the end of the school 
year, June and September. If the student takes the examination 
in June, he does not have to journey to the college for which he is 
to be examined, for the examinations may be taken in any state, 
in several places, under the direction of the College Entrance Ex- 
amination Board. The proctoring at these examinations is very 
strict, so that there is no possibility of students presenting work 
not their own. 

The task of satisfying the requirements of these examinations 
is made easier for the student by the fact that he may divide them 
among several terms. Moreover, a candidate is accepted provision- 
ally, if he does not pass satisfactorily in all subjects, provided that 
he takes a condition examination at some time during the first year. 

These data, to be sure, do not give us sufficient basis for forming 
a clear judgment, since we are not told how many questions must 
be correctly answered. We must recognize, however, that the work 
of instruction in the American universities is carried on vnth thor- 
oughness. This fact will be especially surprising to many, since. 

Amerikanisches Hochschulwesen 


has roused so 
to cite here merely 
offered. On that 
der is referred to the interesting book of F. Paulsen, 
niversiiies and University Study" {Berlin, 1902), 

in view of the financial independence of the colleges, which obliges 
them to keep in attendance a sufficient number of students, we 
should expect that the admission requirements would not be rigidly 
exacted. Not only is this not the case, but also during the entire 
course effort is made to throw out, or at least to hold back, those 
students who do not fulfil expectations. This is brought about 
through examinations at the end of every term, or, at least, at the 
end of every year. 

The question of the advisability of 
much discussion that it would require much sp; 
the most important arguments which have b« 

"The Ger 

p. 426, and following. I will limit myself here to remarking that in 
America experiment has proved in every case that these examina- 
tions not only are not purposeless, but that through tbem good 
results are obtained. We must add, indeed, that such examinations 
can be no test of the ability of individual students, but doubtless 
they show whether the students do the required minimum of work 
at least, and provide protection against the farther advance of those 
who do not come up to the minimum standard of scholarship. Here, 
evidently, the principle mentioned above is applied, that education 
is chiefly for the benefit of those naturally less gifted. This does 
not in the least mean that special attention is not paid to those who 
distinguish themselves by stricter application: that is not the case. 
As soon as a student, by examination or other test, proves his worth, 
this is immediately recognized, and every aid is given to advance 
him, in order to win him for the service of the university, or at 
least for intellectual work. This is done by granting him, when 
necessary, a scholarship during his college course or by making 
it possible for him to attend another university, especially abroad. 

The point of view of the young students in regard to examinations 
may be of interest here. I have the impression that they are regarded 
as a welcome opportunity for the student to distinguish himself. 
Without doubt, however, during the period just before examination 
agreatdealof " cramming" is done, and some students, it is reported^ 

304 The Technology Review 

resort to drugs, in order to endure the great fatigue they undergo at 
this time. I doubt, however, whether this can be regarded as the 
rule. One incontestable advantage in these examinations is in 
weeding out the less industrious. However hard it may be for the 
individual when he is shown by failure in the examinations that he 
has deceived himself in the choice of his profession or in the estimate 
of his capability, nevertheless the timely realization of this fact 
is, in the long run, of greater advantage than the later realization of 
it at the final examinations of the college course or perhaps so late 
as the beginning of practical life. That in America there are fewer 
of the "discontented and disenchanted" to be found in the learned 
professions is surely not only a result of the universal optimism 
caused by uncritical overestimadon of ability, on which so often 
people in that country depend, but is ako brought about, at least 
in part, by the more abundant opportunities for the individual to 
find out whether he is in his right element in the profession which 
he has chosen. 

Let us discuss one point briefly. From theoretical considera- 
tions it might seem that this strict regulation of studies might lead 
the stronger element among the students, because of their indi- 
viduality, to pursue their studies less zealously, and thus hinder their 
development. In that case the possible gain would be counter- 
balanced. To this it may be answered that the really capable 
students can fulfil the requirements without great preparation, and 
to these men is given every opportunity to develop their natural 
gifts. Besides, every young American knows that the "unpleasant 
pressure" lasts only for the short period of four to five years, and 
that it is felt only a few weeks in the year, provided that the student 
uses the rest of the time to any purpose at all. A lasting com- 
pulsion and, if possible, an improving effect would be exercised 
in this way really only upon those who during their course do 
not themselves gain enough insight to see that regular exercise 
and development of the intellect are essential parts of study, or 
upon those who have not the strength of will needed to make them 
practise this principle. This class of students is doubtless better 
<:ared for in America than here. 

rrikanisches Hochschulwesen 305 

As a defence of this view, I should like to quote here a statement 
of Professor Miinsterberg. He writes in his book, "The Americans" 
(vol. ii. p. 86):— 

Germany is most eMcemely economical of time and strength during the 
school yeais, but most spendthrift of both in the university; here and there 
to the gain of a strong personahty, but always to the harm of the average 
man, America wastes much time during the school years, but is economical 
during university study, and accustoms the individual to solid work. 

0,ga.kam. ,j I„„ 

On one other question, also, the advantages of the lecture system, 
which has been repeatedly discussed in Germany, different views 
are expressed in America. My contribution to this discussion is 
based upon personal intercourse with college students, and upon the 
transactions of the American Chemical Society at their thirty-first 
meeting in Philadelphia {28th to 31st December, 1904) on the subject 
of laboratory instruction in organic chemistry. 

If it is desired to study this question more closely here in Germany, 
too, a knowledge of American conditions may be of value, because 
there the system has been tested in a practical manner. The 
American system aims at limiting the number of lectures which a 
student hears in a semester, supplementing them by oral recitations, 
and establishing the closest connection between them and the 
laboratory exercises. To bring this out more plainly, I have ob- 
tained from the catalogue of the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology more detailed information concerning the system of instruc- 
tion for students in chemistry. Such an examination shows that 
the total number of hours per week is notably small. If we reckon 
the work hours per week at fifteen, on the half-day basis, and at 
thirty-four houts, on the whole-day basis, it follows that the total 
laboratory work corresponds to a seven semester course on the half- 
day basis or a three semester course on a whole-day basis, for the 
average laboratory work for eight semesters 
and one-half hours per week. This is in shai 
tomary amount here. The student regularly in the second, and not 

306 The Technology Review 

infrequently in the first, semester begins with laboratory work of 
fifteen hours (half-day) and at times even with thirty-four hours. 

Since it is conceivably of interest to know also what personal 
characteristics are especially cultivated by this instruction, I will 
mention the emphasis laid upon the importance of doing careful 
work, making thorough observations, carrying the thought to its 
logical conclusion, and careful revision of reports. In order to 
guarantee this result, the instruction and oversight during the work 
is more intensive than is commonly the case here. 

This decided diminishing of the practical hours of laboratory 
work, however much justified it may be at the beginning, may, 
especially for the advanced students, bring certain disadvantages. 
If too little opportunity and encouragement are given the student 
to study a phenomenon according to his own judgment, he will 
rather content himself with doing only the thing that occurs to him 
at the moment. On the other side, one disadvantage is avoided 
which is not infrequently met here in Germany in laboratory instruc- 
tion, — mechanical work without any question as to the impelling 
causes for a phenomenon. This is found even in quite capable and 
industrious but physically less favored students, who in the attempt 
to get the full advantage of the course, make greater demands on 
their strength than it can stand. The consequence is that they 
work on in a condition of weakness to a farther point, indeed, hut 
with less understanding, and consequently with less success, than 
if they had worked for a shorter time, but with more deliberation. 

The deeper study of these conditions would be instructive in still 
another respect. Laboratory instruction in American colleges 
involves the antithesis [o the ideas developed by Sir William Ramsay 
some time ago. This successful investigator believes in bringing 
together the young and old students in mixed classes, in order to 
give the young beginners the opportunity for broadening their knowl- 
edge by observation of their neighbor's work and through conference 
with older associates. By the American system the students are, 
for the most part, separated according to semesters, and the possi- 
bilities of mutual and, so to speak, gratuitous instruction is lost. 
This departure from Ramsay's conception, to be sure, has good 

Amerikanisches Hochschulwesen 307 

reasons. The realization of Ramsay's idea is naturally more 
expensive; and it can be profitable only where a due number of con- 
spicuously capable students are available. The American institu* 
tion corresponds to the requirements here, — that a great number 
of students (often several hundred) must receive instruction at a 
very limited cost. 

The total number of lectures is not smaller in the same proportion 
as the time devoted to the laboratory. It comprises, for all courses 
in chemistry during the eight semesters, thirty hours per week. 
This would be equivalent to six (ive-hour lectures, but it must be 
noticed that far fewer lectures occur in a single semester than is 
customary here, and especially that courses of more than three 
hours per week are not given. In this way, overburdening and the 
loss of interest connected with it are avoided. 

Besides the lectures and laboratory exercises, oral recitation hours 
are quite universal in America. They form, as it were, a supplement 
10 the lectures, and establish a medium between the lectures and 
the laboratory exercises. Presideni Eliot* expresses his opinion on 
the object of these exercises in the following charaaeristic and 
clear manner: — 

Recitations degenerate to dry repetition, and lectures alone mean often 
a useless waste of effort. The lecturer pumps industriously into a sieve; 
the water may be very good, but it runs through. The brain must work 
itself if it is to grow. 

In these oral exercises such problems are treated as would require 
too much time to explain to each student singly in conference. The 
number of those taking part is generally less than twenty and seldom 
more than thirty. 

According to Paulsen such exercises were held in Germany also 
(in the eighteenth century), and he mentions as causes for the dis- 
appearance of this system the increase in number of students, the 
wandering of a part of them from one university to another, and the 
consequent difficulty of personal relations between teacher and 
student, and finally the dislike of the students for school discipline. 


* speech oD icctpdng Ihc pieudeocy of Hirraid I^niicnKj. 

3o8 The Technology Review 


On the other hand, it may be said that the increase in number 
of students is no unconquerable obstacle. In America the educa- 
tion of the masses is carried on in this way. Moreover, the lack 
of personal relations, which is here caused by the migration from one 
university to another, is found over there, also, being brought about 
to a great extent by the fact that the exercises for one course in a 
single semester are conducted by different instructors. And, finally, 
as regards the disinclination for school discipline, we may answer 
that that may be justified only in those cases where the teacher is 
not skilful enough to avoid dogmatism. I have tried to become 
better acquainted with this method of instruction by visiting classes, 
and I must confess that I have often been surprised at the skill with 
which many teachers interested the students and induced them to 
talk and to ask questions. 

One other arrangement which might easily be termed scholastic, 
however, I noticed in some lectures. Many teachers interrupted 
their lecture at designated points, and gave their audience opportun- 
ity for asking questions. The system has many advantages. The 
lecturer has his attention called to any defects in his presentation, 
which indeed — especially in the case of young teachers — are un- 
avoidable, and the hearers take a more active part in the exercise, 
because they know that the occasional obscurities must not be 
allowed to pass unheeded. The objection may be made that too 
much time may be lost, since in a large audience too many ques- 
tions might be asked. This must be determined by experience. 
In two lectures which I regularly attended, I have observed that in 
an audience of forty to fifty very little time was lost for the purposes 
of the lecture, to say nothing of the gain accruing to both parties 
from it. The questions put, too, were very reasonable, and of such 
a sort as to make clearer the especially obscure points. Of course 
it must not be forgotten that lecturers in American colleges have 
before them, except in the first few semesters, a more homogeneous 
audience, as far as preparation goes. This circumstance decidedly 
contributes to the success of this plan. Furthermore, it favors the 
limiting of the number of lectures, for by the fact that the lectures are 
brought into close connection with each other (remembering that one 

Amcrikanisches Hochschulwescn 


Kt of lectures may be attended by a student only when he bas passed 
the course regarded as preparatory or when it has been shown 
that the prescribed knowledge has been obtained in some other way) 
the lecturer is in a position to make good progress without stopping 
to explain elementary principles. 

The outward aspects of life at Amer 
notice. The care of the body and phy; 
much attention, find noisy expression ir 
students of neighboring or friendly 
as is well known, are carried on with 

■an colleges deserve brief 
cal health, which receiv^ 
the contests between the 
These contests, 
h energy that every year 
a considerable number of the contestants lose their lives or are more 
or less crippled. It may be less well known, however, that lately 
a movement is gaining strength which does not encourage one- 
sided cultivation of muscle, but an all-round development of the 
body through appropriate exercises, especially for such as are less 
favored from birth. Some words from an article of Professor 
A. A. Noyes, entitled "The Aims of Technological Education,"* 
express this feeling: "Regular physical exercise may not be regarded 
as an affair of subordinate importance for the attaining of success 
in education, but rather as a necessary preparation." And, after 
Slating that the Institute should bring about reform in this respect, 
he recommends "not only that those few who already possess 
unusual strength should be encouraged to take regular exercise, 
but that preparations should be made to induce a habit of moderate 
training in those who from birth, have a difficult position in the 
struggle for existence, and who consequently are, up to that time, 
the least of all inclined to cultivate the strength and health of their 

Another aspert of student life concerns the arrangements, found 
at practically all American colleges, to avoid unnecessary and fatigu- 
ing journeys during the mid-day recess. At Boston the Institute 
of Technology provides a lunch-room in which good and cheap foods, 



31 o The Technology Review 

both wann and cold, are scnned ocpedidoiBljr between die hours 
of twelve and three. This is of great convenience, not only to 
the students, but to die professors, assistants, and die women em- 
ployed n the Institute offices. I mention this to show that die 
physical well-being of the students and teadiers of the college is 
considered. The situation of the lunch-room b so favorably chosen 
that in the mid-day recess of one hour there is time to take a short 
walk after lunch. In this way also a sharp distinction is made 
between study hours and rest hours, since on account of the shorter 
recess at noon the work in the afternoon begins earlier and generally 
ends earlier than here. 

It is easy to see that in a university so widely spread out as that 
of Leipzig, with its complicated organism, such an arrangement 
cannot well be made. Indeed, even in the city itself that would be 
unnecessary, and the attempt to bring about such a thing would 
surely be vigorously opposed by the restaurants. Perhaps the in- 
conveniences which arise from the great distance of the newest 
** Latin Quarter " from the centre of the city might be lessened in 
some similar manner. At the same time another often regretted 
evil might be removed, — ^the lack of opportunity for exchange of 
ideas between the younger members of the instructing staflF. How 
easily then could questions which concern other departments be 
answered without need of calling a conference of the courses! 

Of all the impressions concerning the young students which I 
received, the most distinct is that of their strong loyalty to their 
college. This feeling of belonging to it, too, does not die out on the 
day on which the graduating student bids farewell to the college, 
after the diploma is handed to him in the solemn assembly of the 
Faculty and friends. The majority of the alumni attend the 
reunions, and the individual student keeps up during his whole life 
a more or less active interest in the place where he received an 
important part of his education, — his intellectual development. 
This interest is expressed in many ways. Sometimes the rich gradu- 
ate of a college bequeaths a part of his wealth. This explains how 
the old universities, like Harvard which, naturally, has such a large 
number of alumni, receive so many legacies. That, however, 

Amerikanisches Hochschulwesen 

/ other 

I fro 

I seeking t 


; the 

not discourage many 
cause of inteilectuLl education in this same manner. There are, 
for example, whole universities, such as Johns Hopkinsin Baltimore, 
modelled on the principle of the German university, founded by 
the bequest of one man. 

Aside from this, however, the reunions of the alumni may also 
have a most decided influence on decisions which are of the greatest 
importance in settling the position of the college. A case of this 
kind occurred during my slay in Boston, when the question of 
the union of the Institute and Harvard University arose. This 
question was debated in the most earnest manner in a large assembly 
of the Institute alumni, and it would not be incorrect to say that the 
final miscarriage of the plan, which had many partisans for and 
against it, might be ascribed, at least in part, to the outspoken 
dissent of the alumni. 

Concerning the life, customs, and aspects of the undergraduates, 
naturally a great deal more might be said, but I prefer to confine 
myself to what 1 have said and what may be implied from this 
article, for by the mere mention of institutions and circumstances 
which are different from those to which we are accustomed I might 
add to the incorrect representation of American conditions if at 
the same time I did not explain how characteristic they were and 
give the observations on which they were based. For such a com- 
plete investigation of such questions I lack the necessary data. 

^* In addition to several remarks previously mai 
economic conditions at American colleges it may be interesting 

further information. As ha 
the tuition fees paid by the students a 
At Harvard University they amount 
of Technology to $250. They vary 1 
S250 for the college year, which at m 
prises two terms. The cost of tuitii 
considerably tower. At these either no fees are charged, as at the 

dy been mentioned, 
essentially higher than here. 
I $150, and at the Institute 
;r the country from Sioo to 

colleges, as also here, com- 

at the state 1 

312 The Technology Review 

Universities of Illinois, Wisconsin, and California, or they amount 
to no more than |lio to II50, as in Michigan, or $2^ to |tioo, as in 
Minnesota. The necessity of charging high rates for the tuition 
arises simply from the fact that the private universities must have 
some regular source of income to meet the running expenses, since 
their property and bequests do not grant an income large enough 
to meet expenses. Therefore, it becomes necessary to call on the 
students and their parents, and this appears justifiable when we 
consider that it is chiefly the more prosperous who send their children 
to college, regardless of the question whether it has been founded 
by special endowment or not. 

This objection is easily answered, however. First of all, there 
exist at every college numerous funds which are used to help those 
needy students who, during the school year, have shown themselves 
to be worthy. I am told, for instance, that at the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology ten per cent, of the students receive a 
half or whole scholarship. At Harvard University (1904-05) 
out of 5»I43 students, from which number i,cx)7 should be sub- 
tracted for the summer school, 403 (that is, ten per cent.) were as- 
sisted by scholarships. Among the latter are 58 for the more ad- 
vanced students, which run from $200 to $1,000. If circum- 
stances require it, the scholarship aid is continued for two or 
three years in case the successful work of the candidate seems to 
make it advisable. 

Furthermore, absolutely destitute students are aided in getting 
an education in other ways. In America students think differently 
about working for their education at unskilled labor. The student 
who pays his expenses by serving as waiter in the mid-day recess 
or during the long summer holidays, which last from the beginning 
of June till the end of September, is not looked at askance, but is 
generally regarded with especial respect. And when the opportunity 
to do such work is quite great, and the pay is comparatively high, 
it is not impossible for a student to "work his way through college." 
It is naturally quite different when the student is not merely working 
for himself, but has young brothers and sisters or aged parents 
to support. 

Amerikanisches Hochschulwesen 313 

The American system is, therefore, not so unfair as it seems at 
first sight. The burden of cost falls on those who can endure it, 
and those who are not in that position have only to show that they 
are especially gifted or especially strong in will in order to overcome 
the first most considerable difficulties. They can definitely depend 
upon it that by the American system of instruction and examination 
this will be made possible, so that a lack of means forms a strong 
impulse to greater activity without causing lasting uneasiness about 
the future and consequently the hindering of the capacity for work. 

In closest relation to this question is that of the pay of the university 
teacher. I will give some figures here to support my statements. 
The salaries at American colleges amount to about the following 
sums : — 

For a Student Assistant (not graduated) . . o to $150 4th Year. 

: Year o to 500 5th 

nd Year ..,.,... o to 600 6th 

«8oo to i.ijs 6-8th " 

Assistant Professor 1,125 to 2,000 loth " 

Associate Professor 2,000 to 3,000 

Full Professor 3iOoo to 4,000 

Heads of Departments 3>S°o '" 5'°°° 

In order to show how many years must pass before these salaries 
are actually obtained, I have given in the last column the number 
of years normally required. For the higher positions it is naturally 
out of the question to make any estimate. 

From these figures it may be seen that the salaries for the younger 
membets of the instructing staff are materially higher than here, 
where the average pay of an assistant, even after several years' ser- 
vice, comes to perhaps S300, or even less at times. Nor is it to 
be supposed that the difference is made good in greater value of 
money. Another very noteworthy fact in the American system is 
that in the first few years the income increases quite rapidly. It 
is the rule, at least in Boston, that an assistant in the second year 
of his service receives an increase, if he performs his duties satis- 
factorily. And, if he is not promoted to the rank of instructor after 

314 ^^^ Technology Review 

one or two years, it indicates that he does not fulfil expectations, 
and must count on seeing a younger colleague, who may offer better 
service in instruction, preferred to him. 

The comparatively high compensations are conditioned by various 
circumstances. The salaries paid by the business and manufactur- 
ing houses which the young students might enter at the end of their 
course are considerably higher, especially for the more active and 
capable. The natural consequence is that the colleges must so 
calculate the compensation that, whenever possible, they may keep 
the most capable for the work of instruction, especially for the scien- 
tific work. But aside from this it is abhorrent to the American mind 
to pay a man for his services a sum of money on which he cannot 
live without additional outside sources of income. This considera- 
tion then brings it about that, in general, no great influence can be 
ascribed to the personal interest in his profession which the research 
worker or teacher feels as an impulse to high activity. This explains 
what by many thinkers is regarded as an obvious defect of the 
American system, that in American colleges is wholly lacking one 
part of the instructing staff found in every German university, — 
the German tutor, who, as a rule, gives only so much instruction 
as is compatible with the advancement of his own education. 

With the question of pay is also connected the efficiency of the 
teacher. The idea is prevalent there that the younger teachers 
are far too much in evidence in the work of teaching and are more in 
demand than the younger members of the instructing staff in German 
universities, so that their further development is considerably 
endangered. This view evidently originates with the young Ameri- 
cans who, possibly exaggerating the strictness of the prescribed 
course which instructors give, look with more favor on the few 
self-chosen lectures which the German tutor delivers. 

It is generally forgotten that the tutor and the assistant have 
different functions, and that the German tutor, in case he is at the 
same time an assistant, has in reality to devote himself much more 
to the instruction in the laboratory than the American instructor. 
At least this is the case when he conscientiously fulfils the duties 
•of the assistant's position, and does not — ^in order to devote himself 

Amerikanisches Hochschulwesen 


b> scientific work, on which his 
over to younger apprentices. Of 
dogmatically. For the chemist, hi 
have heard here and there personally ( 
this statement applies, with few except! 

depends — turn it 
me can generalize too 
ccording to all that I 
from reliable sources, 
s. The American in- 

but he ii 

In Gern 

;rtainly has a greater number of fixed hours of recitation, 
laid for ihem so well that with a proper limitation of these 
hours he can devote the remaining time to research work. 
ny the assistant, unless, by chance, profitable lectures are 
er to him as a tutor, must undertake, besides the services 
in the laboratory (which are in respect lo hours, etc.. less regulated) 
some avocation, literary or otherwise, in order to keep his head 
above water. Only what little time may be left over from this 
may be devoted to research work. For the tutor of small means, 
then, the progress of his development, which is of the greatest im- 
portance for his future profession, is seriously hindered. 

The pay for the higher positions also seems at first sight to be 
high. It is to be noticed, however, that the professor receives 
no greater salary from the college than the German professor, who 
receives a part or the whole of the fees for lectures. But, even if the 
average pay in America is better, it must be remembered that the 
work is, as a general rule, more monotonous, because it is more 
often devoted to instruction than to research work. 

Mr. Hart, who studied law in the sixties in Gottingen, in a book 
published in 1874, entitled "German Universities," draws a com- 
parison between a professor in Leipzig with 500 thalers' pay and 
an American assistant professor with an income of ;$i,ooo (whose 
salaries then stand in a ratio of i to 2.6): — 

The Leipzig professor hi 
colleague. His duties are n 
his own study. He does not nc 
of instruction per week, and hi 
oversight of the work. 
hour lecture. 


essential advantage over his American 
;, and they lie wholly in the line of 
give twelve, fifteen, or twenty hours 
: is not required for inspection and 
the delivery of a four to five 

This, to be sure, cannot be taken too literally now, for conditions 

3i6 The Technology Review 

have changed since then, and have become far more favorable for 
the American college instructor. From what experience I have had, 
I should judge that the professors in German universities who have 
charge of an ''institute/' or department, commonly have more 
demands on their time than professors in a similar position in 
America. Not only do the latter have control of a larger staff 
of sufficiently well-paid assistants on whom they can disburden 
themselves, but there is a tendency to-day, at least in the large 
colleges, toward division of labor according to inclination and 
fitness for teaching, especially investigation. Besides, Mr. Hart 
studied law, and so his conclusions do not much concern conditions 
existing in the scientific branches. I emphasize this here especially, 
because in the frequently quoted book of Professor Paulsen many 
conclusions are based upon statements of Hart's without any men- 
tion of that fact, which naturally weakens the force of the reasoning. 
If we consider these conditions, we must, above all, not forget 
that educators in America know the situation thoroughly and tiy 
zealously to remove the defects. This will be best illustrated, 
I think, by quotation from the very significant speech of President 
Roosevelt in June, 1905, on Commencement Day at Harvard 
University.* He says in this speech, which I was able to attend, 
the following: — 

A university like ours has two different functions. The first is to produce 
a limited number of men who, endowed with the highest gifts, are in the 
highest sense productive in science, literature, and art. The second duty 
is to send into the world a great number of men who cannot perform any 
such functions as the first, and who should never try to do so, but whose 
work in the world will be valuable in many ways. These men should 
leave the university with an even development of body, of mind, and, above 
all, of character. This would fit them to fulfil a notable and important 

And after some remarks about the special institutions for the realiz- 
ing of this purpose, which Harvard University already possesses, 
he said further: — 

* From the Boston Evening Transcript, June aS, 1905. 

Amerikanisches Hochschulwesen 


This worthy ambition cannot be realized by one meatis alone, but there ia 
one which will, in the greatest degree, contribute to the reah'zation of it, — 
we must create some splendid positions and bestow them on ihose scholars 
who have attained the highest standing in their special branches. Every 
position of that sort ought especially to be honored, in order to show to the 
outside world of what imponance they are. 

In order that no one may give too materialistic an interpretation 
to these statements, the following passage is also quoted: — 

Naturally, the mind of a man is incomparably more important than any 
reward coming from outside. The consciousness of having done such a 
work forms for the man who has performed it the most beautiful and richest 
reward. Wc, who stand outside, should help, as much as we can, to make 
the completion of this work easy. Nevertheless, what we can do is only 
slight in comparison with what he himself has to do. The mind of the 
scholar is the impelling energy for the productive work of the country. 

This speech, it must also be remembered, was not an exhortation 
or an invitation to make contributions, but was delivered on the oc- 
casion of the presentation of the large sum of $2,400,000 to the 
university. In regard to the spending of this money, merely the 
wish was expressed that the intellectual force of Harvard University, 
and through it the country, might be increased by the improvement 
of the standing of the instructing staff. This act expresses well 
the spirit of sacrifice of the Harvard alumni, for a large part of 
that sum was contributed by old Harvard men. 


Not all of the interesting facts have been told about America 
by any means; but the writing of the rest must be put off still longer 
unless I were willing to limit myself to hearsay. I consider it not 
out of place, however, to touch upon some other points, which may 
be important in estimating the value of the above deductions. 

The first question is whether what I have said concerning the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University 
will apply universally. Both institutions are highly respected, 
not only in America, but in other countries. Of Harvard Uni- 

31 8 The Technology Review 

versity this is sufficiently known; but the younger institution^ 
founded in 1865, in which young men are prepared for practical 
professions, also is frequently visited by foreigners. 

In respect to general educational tendencies, I believe that I 
would have come to similar conclusions if I had lived at another 
college. I have arrived at my conclusions partly throu^ reading 
essays of American educators, and not merely by reason of what I 
have myself seen. That must not be understood to mean that the 
various colleges are all the same. The whole constitution of the 
American colleges and the short period of their existence have 
brought about to-day conspicuous differences. The character- 
istics noted above are by no means realized in the same manner 
at all colleges. 

Although it follows from the above that the practical value of 
my acquaintance with American systems is somewhat limited, as 
it is somewhat lacking in the necessary vouchers for its accuracy, 
nevertheless I may be permitted a remark concerning those insti- 
tutions which appear to me to have a certain superiority over ours. 
This seems to me the more reasonable, since they have frequently 
been regarded as obsolete, useless, or impracticable. 

First in importance are the yearly or term examinations. The 
experience gained in American colleges on this subject is, in my 
opinion, of the greatest importance for the future regulation of this 
matter. Of the practicability of the examinations there can be 
no doubt, and their usefulness is universally acknowledged there. 
We should be glad of the opportunity, if we knew how, to weed 
out at the right time from the great mass of students the slothful, 
and especially those who, with the best will in the world, cannot 
fulfil the minimum requirement. Several very intelligent college 
professors, who have studied in Germany and have taken a doctor's 
degree, have assured me that they considered it a great lack in 
our system that we do not have these examinations. If I have dis- 
cussed such an institution so specifically, in spite of the disapproval 
at present existing in regard to it, on the supposition that the knowl- 
edge of the experiments which are being made in other places mi^t 
occasion in time a change of the views held at present here, still 

Amcrikanisches Hochschutwesen 


s a whole, is worthy 

1 do not by any means admit that the systei 
of imitation. Especially do I beheve tha 
adapted only to the preliminary years, until, that is to say, the 
student has given proof to himself, his guardians, and his instructors, 
that he is warranted in conrinuing his study further. 

I wish, above all, to avoid the impression that, because I have 
made certain statements concerning schedules of studies, I am 
advocating the strict regulation of study, 1 wish to show merely 
how the time is divided among the various courses and with what 
preparation the young graduate enters his professional life. It 
cannot be denied that the strict regulation of studies at present 
prevalent in America has certain advantages: for instance, in 
preventing the young and inexperienced student absorbed in profes- 
sional study from, in his lack of wisdom, neglecting other courses, — 

2 neglect that occurs quite frequently, as [ know from intercourse 
with young associates. Let us obtain these advantages through 
other means, especially through the effective plan of schedules of 
studies in which the lectures and exercises 1 
special interest for the student of a particular 

The great contrasts which are found in the United States are 
responsible for the strongly contradictory criticisms of American 
conditions which appear in print. The impression which a visitor to 
America receives depends upon the quarter of the city in which he 
walks, on whether he busies himself with the problems of money- 
making, commerce, corruption, or education, and on whether he 
pursues his way as a pleasure tourist with full purse and under the 
protection of the authorities, with influential letters of recommenda- 
tion, or whether he breaks his way for himself through the difE- 
culties. Above all, it depends on how he observes and with what 
degree of freedom from prejudice he regards what he sees. Among 
the expressions which I have heard in this respect, that of the English- 
man Muirhead particularly pleased me, and occasionally surprised 
me also. Muirhead says {from Munsterberg, vol. ii. p. 231): — 

There is something choice and delicate in the finest bloom of American 

which sho 

r course a 

lid have a 
re grouped 

320 The Technology Review 

culture, — something which can hardly be found in Europe. The intellect 
which grows up there in a surrounding free from artificial standards and 
conventional distinctions gains a single-natured, unprejudiced, untram- 
melled, purely human view of life. It regards life calmly and as a whole. 
This is exactly what we fail to do in England. The true American is 
simply incapable of understanding the difference between a lord and a 
plebeian, which by the mere pressure of social conditions is forced upon 
every one of us. To him it is like a fourth dimension in space: one may 
speak of it, but it has no immediate reality. The English radical philoso- 
pher may work up to a height from which he may say, "I have won my 
freedom with great sacrifice," but the American may retort correctly, "I 
was bom in a state of freedom." 

And Miinsterberg continues, — 

But what Muirhead says of the finest blooms applies, if we look more 
closely, to the entire flora; for the most part not so delicate and choice (as 
in the best types), often suffused with raw colors, but a little of that color has 
been given to every growth on American soil which is not downright weed. 

Although we may not be willing to accept, without qualificadon, 
Muirhead's somewhat enthusiasdc idea, and especially the compari- 
son of the English philosopher and the true American in regard to 
the freedom (frankly not identical) to which they have attained 
by such diflPerent ways, at any rate, it modifies Munsterberg's crit- 
icism concerning the whole flora. There are certain places where 
the spirit of cultivation pictured by Muirhead prevails. For in- 
stance, I have never visited the Boston Public Library without 
similar sensations. But there are also dull growths which we may 
not inconsiderately call weeds. Many Americans who are familiar 
with Germany have said, without any prompting from me, that the 
lower strata of the American population are not actuated by interests 
so worthy as in Germany. 

I think that this emendation of this altogether too favorable 
criticism of Miinsterberg's will be accepted, inasmuch as otherwise 
there would be a tendency to attribute the lack of legal reguladon 
of the care of the sick and the aged, and similar duties, to a general 
absence of the feeling of social obligation on the part of those whose 

Amerikanisches Hochschulwesen 


duty it is to solve such problems. That would be too hasty, at 
least. It has its ori^n in the idea that ore does not wish to cur- 
tail the right of free choice. Society makes a man responsible for 
his safety and existence, and pays him more highly for his work. 
However one-sided and consequently unjustifiable this point of 
view may be, it cannot be denied that it produces good results so 
far as concerns the individual, who becomes more independent 
through consciousness of his responsibility, and acquires in higher 
degree a wholesome feeling toward real life. 

For the rest, I will not omit expressly to point out that, according 
to what 1 hear, a surprising amount is done privately to ameliorate 
the hard fate of those who are early worn out in this battle for 
existence, which destroys courage, mind, and body. It would be 
worth while to study the institutions of this sort more closely. We 
mig^t count with certainty on finding, among the institutions which 
inventive and practical American men and women have created 
or perfected, some which could be transplanted here to the great ad- 
vantage of those for whom they were designed. 

Exchange of Professors 

I cannot resist the opportunity to take up the much-discussed 
subject of exchange of professors, because I think I can offer 
some points of view which in many quarters do not seem to be suf- 
ficiently taken into consideration. When it became known that 
the reahzation of this undertaking was at hand, it was discussed 
eagerly and greeted joyfully by some, and more or less disapproved 

of by others. Upon the Ameri 
of the young worker by the 
only the occasional but sorr 
the undertaking adversely, 
spread abroad that a natioi 
influenced in the developm 

a side the joy over the recognizing 
intry of older culture prevailed, and 
nes quite influential man criticised 
Through their statements the idea 
; as independent and no more to be 
t and cultivation of the intellectual 
capabilities of the individual man than the individual man is in 
respect to his character. On the German side the plan was greeted 
in authoritative circles vrith more distrust. In the first articles 


322 The Technology Review 

published the opinion was expressed that it was not complimentary 
to the German universities and the members of their instructing 
staffs to have the American universities placed beside them as 

Of those men who have addressed the public in this vein, 
I offer the opinion of one man * who has estimated the importance 
of American universities according to impressions which he has 
received in daily work during a year's intercourse with the under- 
graduates as a teacher of German in American universities. This 
writer especially emphasises the fact that the graduates of the 
American universities in general possess a culture more scholastic 
than intellectual, a knowledge more superficial than deep, and that 
the ambition of the American universities is chiefly practical. In 
many respects I agree with the writer, but by no means in all. 
Especially! should not like to defend the view that the prime object 
of American universities should be characterized in this manner. 
I believe that my views concerning the difference between the pur- 
pose of the American and German educator have already been 
established above. And from this point of view I am convinced 
that the exchange of professors will have important results, not in 
the sense of fulfilling "weak and overstrained hopes of an inter- 
national union," but to communicate to one nation the principles 
and experience of the other in matters of education. The result 
is that the men who decide the fate of a nation in respect to the 
development and cultivation of methods of education become ac- 
quainted with the differences in the underlying conceptions and 
results. Since, as has just been shown, the leading principles 
depart pretty far from each other, inasmuch as educators in Germany 
at the university give their aid chiefly to the development of the 
best scholars, whereas in America emphasis is laid upon the raising 
of the general middle class, it is only right to expect that the consid- 
eration of the experiments which are being made in America may 
be of the greatest importance. 

It must be admitted that the mutual sharing of experiences may 

^Walther Kuchler, " Ueber Aroerikanische Universitatsbildung. Eindnicke und Erwag-- 
UDgen.** (Bdlage zur Munchener AUgem. Zdtung, Nr. 172 (1905), s. 185-189.) 

Amcrikanisches Hochschulwesen 


take place in other ways than official ones: for example, through 
German teachers who work in America and, on the other hand, 
through American students who study in Germany. But since 
at present the information concerning American conditions is 
chiefly obtained through philologists (teachers of the German 
language), who naturally are not in a position to judge with the 
eye of an expert the conduct of the scientific courses, which in 
the last decade in America have been perfected to a remarkable 
degree, we must expect most certainly that the visit to America of 
older men belonging to the most widely separated branches will 
be of great influence upon the development of instruction in German 
universities. These men will be aided in their criticism by their 
authoritative position, which will procure for their views a readier 
hearing than is accorded to younger men who have taken up the task 

We must not set our hopes too high, of course, and refuse to 
realize that not all imperfections of an educational system can be 
correaed as soon as this or that experiment is tried. Many devices 
and arrangements will be borrowed from there, especially in lab- 
oratory instruction. If we may not rate these things very highly, 
yet at least we should not undervalue them. Let us consider, for 
instance, the ease with which in America literary treasures are 
made accessible to the public. It seems to me unjust to believe, as 
the above-mentioned writer plainly does, that in this way super- 
ficiality of knowledge is favored at the cost of depth. That may 
be true in some cases, but it does not, as a rule, apply. Super- 
ficiality of knowledge is found there more frequently not, in my 
opinion, because it is easier to make up for lack of knowledge by 
private study in the library, but because the accessibility of the 
libraries is not in itself sufficient to prevent the evils due to other 

Although, as might be supposed from the above, I expect much 
profit to arise from the visit of the German professors to America, 
nevertheless I cannot agree with the views of Professor Miinster- 
berg on this subject. This scholar states on page 122 of Volume 
II. of his much- mentioned book, after he has spoken of the results 


tact that tbe sons of rich 

tBC trxiitioos Of ifPtniy 

dmi^ American 

snail numbers 

otac eren m me 

works and maga- 

cree, how shall 

wkhout lerious 

«> die Amefkan students «ko go to Gennany, he 

ne of the freedom of the Gciman lecmr-ioom for the most 
jiice }«caBe mcr camioc obcain admissioo to the leading American colleges, 
iheocer paxt, howrrer, wlio, haiing had a good prc|>araaon, exchange 
American college for a Gcfman one for a few semesters, do not go to-day 
AS c&BCT did thiitr jeais ago with the feding that Gcrmanjr is die school- 
SBUtcr of the wx>ild« and that ther will find there somrfhing of a different 
^sxlitT from die home instnictioo. Ther go there to widen their horizon 
as cuhivated men or in order to take special studies with some expen; 
ch^v seek a gain which the German would also if he spent one year in the 
graduate school of Hanard or Columbia, Chicago or Johns Hopkins. 

And, toward the end of this chapter on educarion, he finally utters 
this warning: — 

Once more let it be said that, if the German prejudices are not soon cor- 
rected, their surprise over the American success in the province of the in- 
tellectual will be still greater than that over their economic growth. 

The narrowness of this view is so apparent that I will refrain 
from any discussion of it. In one point, however, I agree with the 
writer with complete conviction, although from other motives; 
namely, in the warning that we also, the younger generation, should 
go abroad and study American conditions with our own eyes. Who- 
ever does that will not only gain the profit that comes from close 
contact with a people distinguished by inexhaustible energy and 

Amerikanisches Hochschulwesen 325 

natural intelligence^ and holding fast with undeviating confidence 
to the broad-minded national ideals of the best of their ancestors, 
and yet possessing in the choice of ways and means the most sur- 
prising flexibility. He will also gain through looking at the coun- 
try where he was bom from a somewhat greater distance. He will 
see many things which have no moral right to exist, and which 
totter along with difficulty, supported on the weak arm of Old 
Custom. He will also learn, for the first rime, to know and to 
value correctly the worth and strength of his native country's insti- 
tutions, and will realize what is imperishable in them. And there 
will awake in him the hearty wish to help in the discarding of the 
outworn, and to devote his strength to the service of his father-* 

BsciZi. jmi IbBioEB Qnhs gave their 
J ^^«tPkn» jc 3^ Sew Ccmnr BuOding on 

nf J-jn 2X, The mnni we Mis. Harrison W. 
)ti. Fnzk H. RaDd, and Sin. Flearr Scfawamb. Over 
xumarri j g mi c s en ikned as < faiKii program^ more than 
IT tss MTfhfT attendms the 


-^WSaau ^lDie« and BiD/' the nintli aimval Tech Show, was 
j^jLiJtd at the Colonial Theatre, Boston, on the afternoons of 
A^cJ 26 and 27* at the \Ialden Auditorium 00 the evening of April 
••. and at the Providence Opera House on the evening of April 28. 
Tbe pcrtbcmances wicre noteworthy for the crowded bouses, the best 
wiiich Tech Show has cvtr experienced. 

The Boston performances were marked by the presence of a large 
number of Wcllcslcy girls in the second balcony. 

A new Tech cheer song, "Dear Old M. I. T./' was produced, 
and inunediatclv won its wav into the hearts of all Tech men. The 
songs and dances throughout the performances were excellent, and 
set a high standard for other shows to follow. The play did not 
ha\-e much of a plot, just enough to hold the songs together. 

Hie following criticism by Professor Seaver, of the Department 
of English, is so excellent and suggesdve that the Review ventures 
to reprint it from The Tecb^ where it first ap|>eared: — 

It is probably required of any critic who has seen Tech shows through a 
number of years that he compare with previous performances that of the 
current year, fresh and pleasant as it still is in his mind, without any timid 
concern for possible odiousness in his comparison. Fortunately, the 

Junior Week 


standard of the show is now fixed so high thai each year's piece is good, 
and such comparison usually indicates difference rather than superiority 
or inferiority. 

The merit of (he show this year is mainly, I think, an unusual evenness of 
excellence, — ^an attainment to be credited rather to the management and (a 
the undistinguished sincerity in the work of each performer than to ex- 
ceptional gifts in a few prominent players. The rnusic is of sustained in- 
terest, without numbers separately as catchy ot brilliant as some of previous Similarly, the singing of Ellis, Jenkins, and Orchard is less conspicu- 
ously superior to other solos or to the choruses than were the solo parts of 
other shows. No previous show that I have seen was so sure in the memoriz- 
ing of parts and the adjustment of the action, so that the two acts passed 
without song or dialogue broken, without mishap or collision in any dance, 
and without hitch or lapse of enthusiasm and control. Technical detail 
so stnall as the clapping accompaniment to the "Cattle" song or the 
sounding of the tambourines in the tambourine dance was noticeable for 
precision, a sufRcienlly modest virtue, but attainable among large numbers 
otily by work and capable training. The single adverse criticism that occurs 
to me is that too many words were lost by hurried delivery in the dialogue 
and obscure enunciation in the songs. 

Of acting in the sense of impersonation of character, nothing was de- 
manded by the libretto. In the way of caricature and personal "stunts," 
the honors seem to me pretty surely to belong to Coffin's serenade and dance, 
the coon song for which was, I think, the most original and best musical 
composition, and to Kibbey's whole performance of "Goldstein," especially 
the dance, which, alone among the individual numbers, iieemed to me to 
equal the best work of any previous show, and which was indeed a most 
effective combination, kept within the limit of extravagant 
genuity, and absurdity. T^is detail suggests again 
excellence of the piece, thai it was free from any of the 
sequenily, merely grotesque "stunts" that have man 

[ have left for the end consideration of the libretto, because recent ex- 
perimenis in the librettos have been so interesting. I still believe that no 
Tech show has yet availed itself of the possibilities of comic effect in the plot. 
Any attempt completely to convert the show into a regular play would be 
fatally objectionable, because it would exclude all the possibilities of chorus 
and figure dancing, and would demand too much time and aptitude from 
a few performers, and so destroy the main virtue of the show, that demo- 

; previous 

328 The Technology Review 

cratk inchisrrciicsi wiuch means a good dme for the whole student body, 
huff secure from compikratioD with Faculty votes. The loss resulting from 
omissioo of chorus dancing has been evident in the last two shows, which 
have contained no effects of rhythmic movement and beautiful grouping and 
coloring of costume comparable with die chorus costume dances of four or 
five years ago. But, without any sacrifice of these effective features, it should 
be possible to make the plot contribute to die fun, and so become more than a 
thread, tangled and ravelled and even broken, on which to string the separate 
numbers. In the present show, individuals Jo very clever and amusing 
things, but nothing amusing bapftns. An omission I personally miss much 
is a more definite love story and love scenes, for nothing can be so diverting 
as a fclIow*s impersonation of femininity. Coquetiy combined with the 
astounding and abvsmal voices that accompany female costume in a Tech 
show, coquetry reliant on such charm of person as that of the black-gowned 
beauties of this show, those with the bare shoulders of the Famese Hercules, 
is ludicrous in a way and to a degree unapproached by the professional comic 
stage. Further, there are, I think, opportunides quite unrealized by Tech 
shows of making the plot itself have sadrical local appropriateness, by bring- 
ing the scene nearer home and connecdng the episodes more immediately 
with Tech life. 

A last objection \s probably quite as much a compliment. The audience 
would enjoy nnore "local hits.** Some have demurred lest the fun become 
unintelligible to all outside Tech, but the audience is all Tech, and there is no 
necessity of appeal to a public outside that personal one which enjoys in the 
shows most of all the flavor of personal pleasantry. H. L. s. 

"technique 1908" 

Technique rush on Thursday noon, April 25, was one of the 
fiercest ever known. The editors had only one hundred books ready 
for distribution, and three hundred men went into the rush to get 
them. £. R. Smith, '08, secured the first book. 

Technique '08, more than maintains the standard set by previous 
books. The volume is larger, with more reading matter, although 
some informadon which has appeared in previous edidons as a 
matter of course, has been cut out. The art work and grinds are 
far above those of previous years, and the class histories, notably 
those of 1908 and 1909, unique. 

Junior Week 329 


The annual Junior Prom was given at the Hotel Somerset on 
Thursday evening, April 25. The committee planned and handled 
the dance in remarkably fine fashion, there being present nearly 
two hundred and fifty couples, — a number larger than in previous 

W. Fred Dolkb, Jr., 'o8- 

330 The Technology Review 


Senior Week, 1907, will undoubtedly go down into the history of 
the Institute as a lively and most pleasant week. Beginning with 
the annual Senior Class Dinner at the American House on Thursday 
evening, May 30, the graduating class celebrated its entrance into 
the world's work, and was welcomed into the Alumni Association. 
The program for the week was: Thursday, May 30, Senior Class 
Dinner, American House; Friday, May 31, Alumni Reception to 
Seniors, Engineering Buildings; Saturday, June i. Musical Clubs, 
Concert to the Seniors; Sunday, June 2, Baccalaureate Sermon, 
Trinity Church; Monday, June 3, Class Day Exercises and Senior 
Dance; Tuesday, June 4, Graduation Exercises, Class Reunions, 
and Tech Night at the Pops. 


The Senior Dinner on Thursday evening. May 30, at the American 
House, was a successful beginning of Senior Week. It had been 
expected that the graduation announcements would be distributed 
before the dinner began, but the Faculty meeting did not conclude 
until after 10 p.m., so that it was 11.30 p.m. before Professor Merrill 
and Mr. Humphreys arrived. 

The dinner went off smoothly to the accompaniment of much 
singing and shouting. The suppressed nervousness and the anxiety 
of the candidates for graduation naturally found vent in a good- 
natured, pleasant rough-house. 

Everett Morss, '85, president of the Alumni Association, James 
P. Munroe, '82, and Bursar Rand were the speakers, making a 
strong appeal to the graduates to hold together as a class and to 
help the secretary, A. Macomber, to keep in touch with the men. 
Advice was plentifully supplied by the speakers, and received with 
much applause. After the regular features of the dinner were 
concluded, the meeting broke up, the men wandering around the 
hotel waiting for the arrival of the graduation announcements. 

Senior Week 


jr less of a good-natured rough-house was kept up until 
Professor Merrill and Mr. Humphreys arrived. When the men 
had finally passed in front of the Secretary, and had received their 
announcements, bedlam of the worst kind broke out. All of the 
men went to pieces, and the noise and clamor were deafening. 
After each man had shaken hands with each of the others, and had 
pounded every one else on the back, all the time yelling at the top 
of his voice, the whole class rushed into the street, formed a col- 
umn of fours, and marched up to Rogers Steps for the last cheering 
and singing. 


Following closely the standard of a good time set by the Senior 
Dinner the evening before, the alumni reception to the graduating 
class on Friday evening was greatly enjoyed by the large number 
present. The Senior stunt was sprung as the first event of the 
evening. Under the command of Captain H. S. Wonson, '07, two 
companies of soldiers, dressed in uniforms that varied from the 
"dinky" dress of Freshman days to gunny-sacks, went through 
a short travesty on a battalion drill. The music was furnished by 
a makeshift band that made noise, but little harmony. 

James P. Munroe, '82, represented both the class of 1882, which 
was celebrating its twenty-fifth anniversary, and also the Corporation 
in his talk to the Seniors. A. L. Plimpton, 'y?, Giles Taintor, '87, 
and A. W. Jackson, '97, -represented their classes in bestowing 
advice and gifts upon the graduates. While the refreshments 
were being served. Coffin, '07, and Kibbey. '09, entertained those 
present with their selections from this year's Tech Show, "Will- 
iam, Willie, and Bill," and G. R. Norton, '07, gave several well- 
rendered selections on the cornet. 


On Saturday evening the combined Glee, Banjo, and Mandolin 
Clubs gave a concert in Huntington Hall to a large and appreciative 
audience of Seniors and their friends. The clubs gave an excellent 
program and did the best work of the year. The program consisted 


332 The Technology Review 

practically of the same numbers that were presented at the Spring 
Concert, but was given with a much better vim and feeling that 
captured the audience. The soloists were Thompson, '09, with 
his 'cello, A. Killion, in a vocal selection, and Fales, '07, and L. J. 
Killion, '05, in a banjo duet. 


The Rev. Dr. Elwood Worcester, of the Emmanuel Church, 
preached the baccalaureate sermon on Sunday afternoon in Trinity 
Church, speaking in part as follows: — 

One of the most striking signs of our times is the labor it imposes on 
youth. Certainly, the most significant spiritual fact in the past fifty years 
of our history is the development of that vast, graduated, complex system 
of educarion whose sole purpose is to train the minds and characters of 
the young. For this end no sacrifice is too great, no legiumate undertaking 
too costly. For this end our government, which ordinarily takes a somewhat 
parsimonious view of its duties to individuals, pours out its treasures like 
water. To this sacred cause come the princely gifts of individuals. The 
necessity of education is the one appeal that is never made in vain. 

The years of pupilage have lengthened, and the tasks devolving upon 
early life have grown heavier. We see signs of this everywhere, in the 
tendency of all good colleges to raise their standards of admission, to lengthen 
their courses, and to shorten their vacations. In short, the tendency of the 
times, not only in our land, hut in all civilized lands, is to lengthen the period 
of youth and to fill those years with hard lah6r. 

The chance to lead a distinguished life only hy virtue of good manners, 
wit, and the traditions of a good family, has practically disappeared, and, 
in place of these charming accomplishments, useful knowledge and capacity 
for hard work are the avenues to distinction. 

I have read with interest the charge made hy some of our most successful 
business men that the people of this country are over-educated. They 
say, Educate the poor, and the poverty of which before they were hardly 
conscious becomes an oppressive burden. It is all true. The simple are 
undoubtedly the happiest. To find real felicity, we must descend to the 
animal kingdom, and there the happiest animal is the oyster safely ensconced 
between his two shells. As for the man, he is never so blessed or so in- 
nocently employed as when he is sound asleep. 

Senior Week 333 

Chout' maUng any reflection on this college or any other college, you 
will find the great world in which men and women live is a more moral 
place than the little world of college. There are two reasons why college 
morality falls below the morality of the temainder of the world at the present 
time. First, college life makes few demands upon our moral nature. It 
is too exclusively intellectual, too selfish. When you have learned the 
meaning of unselfish love, when you spend your days working for others, 
when, instead of being adorned like the lilies of the field, you are agreeably 
surprised to find yourself with a new suit of clothes once or twice a year, 
you will begin to know what virtue is. 

The second reason is that Christian morality, the only morality worth 
talking about in our part of the world, is not received well by the institutions 
of learning. To tell the truth, the college professor has never known exactly 
what to make of Christianity, for the reason that Christianity is a religion 
of life, not a system of ideas which the professor can take to pieces and 
put together again. 

There is one illusion that is dangerous. It is that life is long. On die 
contrary, it is very short, therefore make haste. What thou dost, do 

In closing, I would say to you : " Be honorable, believe thai life is good, 
and love your country." 

Inclement weather not only cut down the attendance at the Class 
Day exercises on Monday afternoon, but also forced the graduates 
to hold their spread indoors. The officers and speakers were 
John H. Leavell, first marshal; Donald G. Robbins, historian and 
statistician; Earle F. Whitney, class prophet; John M. Frank, 
presentation orator; and Hudson B. Hastings, orator. The sta- 
tistics were presented in the form of a thesis, entitled "An In- 
vestigation and Determination of the Actions and Reactions of the 
Class of 1907 and Certain Other Reagents." The class proph- 
ecy was presented as the log of the pirate ship "1907," the 
5 all being made in regular sailor language. President Law- 
rence Allen, '07, presented the class gift, 150 copies of the new 
edition of the Tech Songs, to the Union. In the evening the 
Seniors held the annual senior dance at Copley Hall. 

334 '^^^ Technology Review 


With the same simple impressiveness that has marked the gradua- 
tion exercises at Technology in the past, the commencement exercises 
were held in Huntington Hall Tuesday afternoon. For the first 
time in the history of the Institute the degree of Doctor of Philosophy 
was conferred, three men getting this degree as the result of their 
work in the research laboratory of the Institute. After the reading 
of abstracts of theses, President Pritchett addressed the graduates 
as follows: — 

You who are here as candidates for graduation to-day are the survivors 
of a much larger number who entered four years ago, and you have now 
come to the last official act in which the Institute deals with you as students. 
From this hour you are graduates, and have begun that life which is not 
separate from the college life, but a continuation of it in the larger world. 

In conferring upon you the degrees which are to follow, I can do no more 
than to commend to you the underlying principles of the Insritute with 
which you have been familiar during your four years of study. Energy, 
devorion, readiness to work hard and efficiently, service to your fellow-men, 
these are the things which you have heard in the school life, and these are 
the fundamental qualities which you are to cultivate in the larger life. 

I hope that you may carry with you a high sense of obligation to the 
college which sends you out. The Institute of Technology has just come 
to that period in its history when it must look more and more to its grad- 
uates for support, for encouragement, for guidance. Its governing board 
has come to be composed in a large measure of graduates, and each student 
who goes out should realize with increasing distinctness the fact that the 
Institute looks to him in the future as one of its sustainers. 

We are celebrating this year in America the three hundredth anniversary 
of the establishment of the first English colony at Jamestown. The occasion 
has served to freshen our memories of the perils and difficulties of those 
early days, and it has served, furthermore, to emphasize those qualities 
of courage and patience and endurance which made it possible for the 
little colony to live through those first ten years of life on Jamestown Island. 

Amongst all those who wrought in laying what has proved to be the 
foundations of a great nation, there was no figure more heroic than that of 
the simple, earnest, resourceful soldier, John Smith, and I have thought 
that on this day, when we celebrate the anniversary of this settlement, I can 

Senior Week 


do no better than lo leave with you one of the sentiments which Smith him- 
self wrote as expressing his own idea of what was worth doing in the world. 

"What truly suits with honor and honesty," writes he," as the discovering 
things unknown, erecting towns, peopling countries, informing the ignorant, 
reforming things unjust, teaching virtue and gain to our native mother 
country." I venture to commend these words of a simple and noble soul 
to you who go out to-day to serve our native mother country, you who are 
lo discover things unLnown, who are to erect towns, who ate to help in the 
informing of the ignorant, and who will, I hope, bear a full part in reforming 
things unjust. 

The problem of the world to-day is not materially different from that of 
three hundred years ago. Great progress has been made in all that has 
to do with our ideals of citizenship and of service, but the same old evils have 
to be dealt with, and, to meet them, we need men of the same manly vinue 
as were called for in the days of 1607. 

Let me add just one other word. A deal has been said of late years con- 
cerning the conceit of college graduates, and able editors have found it a 
fruitful source of humor since the day when Horace Greeley alluded to 

"horned cattle." Unfoi 
to a large part of the hu 
practical business men themselvi 
in him usually gets over this son, i. 

s. A young ms 
of thing, whethi 

s only 100 true that conceit is 
sometimes exists even among 
IS the right stuiF 
college graduate 

There is just this much of truth in the statement that many men get 
(he idea that a college education will enable a young man to start in a busi- 
ness or in an organization higher than the man who has not. This is not 
true. The college graduate starts at the bottom just as the man starts who 
has not a college education; but, if the coU-ege man's education does not 
enable him to oul-distance his competitor, then there is something the 
matter, either with the education he has received or with himself, or with 

Your Alma Mater counts that those of you who leave her house to-day are 
to do your full part in the discovering of things unknown, in the erectingof 
towns, and in the reforming of things unjust. She looks to you to furnish 
not only service, but leadership; but she reminds you, on this day of parting, 
that leadership comes only through service, that he who will learn to direct 
others must first learn to discipline himself, that he who will administer the 
affairs of a corporation, or a stale, or of a nation, must first administer well 
the business of his own life. 

^^Ae business 

336 The Technology Review 

The rewards of hig;h administnitive place will. In the long run, fall to him 
who adds to honesty, intelligence, and energy loyalty and self-discipline. 
The road to leadership, whether it lies in one field or another, whether in 
the constructive work of discovery, of erecting towns, of peopling continents, 
or whether in the critical work of reforming things unjust, is to be found 
through service and self-discipline. He who will command must first 
learn to serve. 

He then, on behalf of the Corporation, presented diplomas of 
^aduation as follows: — 


Raymond Haskell, Robert Browning Sosman, Morris Archer 


Albert Alden Blodgett, George Holbrook Buckingham, Edmund 
Schureman Campbell, Colby Dill, Charles Willis Fisher, Jr., Ed- 
ward Chambers Hamner, Jr., Fitch Harrison Haskell, Ralph Tern- 
pleton Cushman Jackson, Emory Scott Land, James Reed, Jr., 
Holden Chester Richardson, John Henry Walsh, John Williams 
WoodruflF, John Timothy Wrinkle, Isaac Irving Yates. 


Civil Engineering. — Charles Everett Allen, Lawrence Allen, 
James Perrie Alvey, Jr., Henry Bissell Alvord, James Madison 
Barker, Charles Willett Beam, Attilo Horace Cenedella, Howard 
Root Chase, Raymond Francis Conron, Everett Russell Cowen, 
George Arthur Crane, Allen Reginald CuUimore, Thomas Francis 
Dorsey, Harold Phillips Farrington, James Ernest Garratt, George 
Appleton Griffin, Harry Rutledge Hall, Hudson Bridge Hastings, 
Clarence Decatur Howe, John Frederick Johnston, Jr., John Kim- 
ball, Edward Guild Lee, Harold Clifton Libby, Henry Delano 
Loring, Benjamin Franklin Mills, Fred William Morrill, Emory 
Chase Noyes, William Watters Pagon, Willis Ranney, Thomas 
Walton Roby, Jr., Ray Elmer Shedd, Phelps Nash Swett, Edmund 
Abiel Thornton, Frank Ryland van der Stucken, Willis Gersham 
Waldo, Elbert Carson Wilson, Arthur Melvin Winslow. 

Senior Week 


'ngineertng. — Anthony Brown Arnold, John Mullm 
Baker. Edgar Maurice Berliner, William Walter Bigelow, Clarence 
Allen Bowen, Leveretl Howell Cutten. Clayton Rhay Denmark, 
Victor Heyle Dickson, Parker Van Patten Dodge, Charles Albert 
Eton. Ernest Cleveland Evans, Otis Gerry Fales. John Hibbard 
Fellows, Louis Arthur Freedman, Jesse Warren Hanford, Arthur 
Rowney Jealous, Edward Francis Kelly, Robert Eugene Keyes, 
Rudolf Heinrick Kudlick. Anioine Gilbert Labbe, Joseph Thomas 
Lawton, Jr., Milton Turnley Lightner, Byron Peaks Luce, William 
Sylvester Lucy, John Theodore Mahar. Anthony Paul Mathesius, 
Nathan Atherton Middleton, Addison Miller, Stuart Read Miller, 
Kenneth Moller, John Seymour Nicholl, Bryant Nichols. George 
Roswell Norton, Charles Warren Nutter. Allen Pope, Marcellus 
Rambo, John Ralph Randall, Everett Rich, Edwin Cole Richard- 
son. Franklin Ripley, Jr., Donald Goodrich Robbins, Selden Emmett 
Rockwell, De Witt Clinton Ruff, Gilbert Small, Edwin Bertrand 
Snow, Jr., Edmund Hincks Squire, Herbert Arthur Terrell, Robert 
Ellis Thayer, John Joseph Thomas, Paul Baron Webber, Laurence 
Wetmore, Harold Street Wilkinson. 

Mining Engineering ami Metallurgy. — John Gerald Barry, John 
Patten Chadwick, Joseph Samuel Coupal, John Allen Davis, 
Lawrence Ritchie Davis, Albert Henry Donnewald, Harold Stephen 
Duncan, Shepard Gilbert Emilio, Harry Allen Frame, Henry 
Bartlett Hallowell, Warren Hastings, Charles Morton Hutchins, 
Frederick Constant Jaccard, John Charles Kinnear, John Holland 
Leaveli, Howard Jeremiah Coombs MacDonald, John Milton 
McMillin, Eugene Phelps, Vernon Stone Rood, Roswell Eusds 
Sampson, Albert Edward Wiggin, Roland Howard Willcomb. 

Arehiucture.— Franklin Oliver Adams, Jr., Cecil Franklin Baker, 
Edwin Witthaus Bonta. William Balch Coffin. Paul Lander Cum- 
ings, Maude Frances Darling, Frederick Greiman Dempwolf, John 
Tiernan Fallon, Warren Austin Gates, Edward William Hamill, 
Ernest Farnum Lewis, Samuel Abraham Marx, James Gates Moore, 
Floyd A. Naramore, William Graves Perry, Earl Howell Reed, Jr., 
Winsor Soule, Oscar Henry Starkweather, Herbert Arthur SulU 
woLd, Samuel Rogers Taylor Very, Ephram Stanley Wires. 

338 The Technology Review 

Chemistry. — Albert Lewis Burwell, Roger David Gale, Walter 
Brayton Gonder, John Hanger Link, Herman William Mahr, Fred- 
erick Taft Moses, Donald Edwin Russ, Frank Brown Shields, 
William Samuel Wilson, Richard George Woodbridge, Jr. 

Electrical Engineering. — Arthur Howard Abbott, Rutherford 
Bingham, Lester Wellington Brock, Emory Leon Chaffee, James 
A. Correll, Ralph Haskell Crosby, Carroll Sisson Dean, John 
Evans, John Mayer Frank, Roy Fellows Gale, James Mason Gay- 
lord, Phil Prescott Greenwood, Ralph Groton Hudson, Thomas 
Callender Keeling, Philip Francis Kennedy, Ralph Frank Knight, 
Howard Hazen McChesney, Alexander Macomber, Albert Preston 
Mansfield, John Ernest Moore, Prescott Raymonds Nichols, Hugh 
Girard Pastosiza, Maurice Henry Pease, Leonard Pomeroy Russell, 
Tracy Smith, Frank Clifford Stockwell, John Ewart Tresnon, 
Everett Esten Turkington, Claude Vernon Turner, Arthur Kellam 
Tylee, Erie Francis Whitney, Joseph Damon Whittemore. 

Physics. — John Clement Bradley, Albert Edwards Greene, 
Frank Sanderson MacGregor, Milton Emery MacGregor, Merton 
Wilfred Sage. 

Chemical Engineering. — ^William Henry Bradshaw, Charles Ridga- 
way Bragdon, Harry Newton Burhams, Kirk Worrell Dyer, Martin 
Herbert Eisenhart, Cornelius Simmons Fleming, Jr., Harold Avery 
Kinsbury, Roy Wallace Lindsay, Harry Lawrence Moody, Emerson 
Heard Packard, Octavus Libbey Peabody, Herbert Gay Spear, Sid- 
ney Deeds Wells, William Lysander Woodward. f^ *' 

Sanitary Engineering. — Grandville Reynard Jones, Carroll Fitch 
Story, Leslie Clifford Whittemore, 

Geology. — Mildred Eleanor Blodgett, Marden Warner Haywood. 

Naval Architecture. — Frederick Bachmann, Walter Bicknell 
Cain, Charles Matthew Curl, Seymour Joseph Egan, Arthur Harold 
Jansson, Dan Austin Loomis, Winslow Davis Robinson, Benjamin 
Karl Sharp, Raymond Ware, Harold Sayward Wonson. 


The tenth annual Tech Night at the Pop was more boisterous 
than any former one, the Freshmen and Sophomores just escaping 

Senior Week 339 

a sharp class fight in their scramble for some '02 handbills. Other- 
wise the celebration was the usual "grand and glorious wind-up'' 
of the college year. The undergraduates rushed the professors up 
and down the aisle, while the older graduates had a competition to 
see which banner could be raised the highest, '9;^ seemingly winning 

W. Fred Dolkb, Jr., *o8. 

340 The Technology Review 



The S.S. "Governor Cobb" was built for the Eastern Steamship 
Company to run from Boston to St. John, N.B., touching at Port- 
land, Eastport, and Quebec. The length is 300 feet, the beam 51 
feet, and the draught 14 feet; the displacement is about 3,500 tons; 
and with 4,500 horse-power the speed is about 17} knots per hour. 
There is a very large passenger accommodation, and freight is 
carried in the hold and on the main deck. 

The design was by the W. and A. Fletcher Company of Hoboken, 
N.J., who furnished the propelling machinery. The hull was built 
by the Delaware River Iron Ship-building and Engineering Works, 
Chester, Pa. The ship is propelled by turbines of the Parsons type, 
and is the first of that class to be put into service in America. 

Through the kindness of Mr. Calvin Austin, president of the 
Eastern Steamship Company, arrangements were made to have 
a complete test of the propelling machinery by the Department of 
Naval Architecture. The details of the arrangement were made 
under the authority of Mr. Hanscom, assistant to the president 
The work was done at the Atlantic Works, under the supervision 
of Mr. Monteagle. Instructions were given the engineer staflF to 
give the Institute every facility in carrying out the work of prepar- 
ing for and making the tests; and these instructions were fulfilled 
most cordially by Mr. Richards and his assistants. 

The plan for the tests was prepared and carried out by Professor 
Leland with the assistance of Mr. Everett. Commander C. B. 
Bryan, U.S.N. , from the Bureau of Steam Engineering, accompa- 
nied the party during the tests. Messrs. W. D. Robinson, H. S. 
Wonson, and D. A. Loomis from the graduating class completed the 
party. The first two took the observations in the engine-room as the 
basis of their graduation thesis, and the last took the observation in 
the boiler-room for the same purpose. 

In the boiler-room are six single-ended Scotch boilers, working 
under about 150 pounds' pressure with forced draft, which require 

Tests I 

the S.S. "Governor Cobb" 


no special description. But the engine-room presented an entirely 
different appearance from that of the customary triple expansion 
engine. Lying low down near the ship's bottom are three drums 
or cylinders lagged and covered with Russia iron, about 4 and 6 
feet in external diameter and 15 feet long. These are the turbines. 
To these lead certain steam-pipes, and connections are made with 
the condensers. From them three slender shafts are carried aft and 
through the skin of the ship at the stern, and carry the three high- 
speed screw-propellers. When the top half of one of the casings 
of a turbine is lifted, there are revealed rows upon rows of little brass 
blades, most of them no bigger than the blade of a penknife. Even 
after one has familiarized himself with the theory of the steam 
turbine, it is difficult for the mind 10 correlate one of those insig- 
nificant blades with the propulsion of a great ship. But there are 
thousands upon thousands of them, each doings its share and mak- 
ing up in speed what it lacks in size. 

Of the three drums, the centre one is the high-pressure turbine, 
which takes steam from the boiler and expands it down to 20 pounds. 
The steam then passes to the two outer low-pressure turbines, where 
it IS expanded to a vacuum of 28 inches of mercury and delivered 
to the two surface condensers. At the after ends of the low-pressure 
turbines are two small backing turbines enclosed in the same casing. 
in manoeuvring, steam may be supplied directly to either of the 
wing turbines to drive ahead or to back. When the ship is under 
way, the manoeuvring valves are shut, and steam is turned on, under 
full pressure, to the high-pressure turbine only. 

Since there is manifestly no way comparable to indicating an en- 
gine, of determining the power developed by the steam, it becomes 
necessary to determine the power delivered by the turbine to the pro- 
peller shafts. Fortunately, the torque on the propeller shafts is 
uniform, and may be determined by measuring the angle of torsion 
of those shafts. This is no new problem, for in making tests on 
repealed stresses in revolving shafts in the Engineering Laboratories 
of the Institute it has long been customary to measure the torque 
in the shafts by electrical methods. Two methods have been de- 
vised and successfully applied by students in the Department of 

I vivcu dJiu auk-Lcaa 

342 The Technology Review 

Naval Architecture for measuring the fluctuating torque in the 
shaft of a triple-expansion engine, and are reported in their gradu- 
tion theses. One of these methods depended on photography, and 
the other on electrical perforation of paper on the engine shaft. 
Both had the inconvenience that the value of the results could not 
be determined during the test. 

The most practical instrument for measuring torque in the shaft 
of a steam turbine appears to be the Denny- Johnson torsion meter 
developed at the Leven Shipyard, Dumbarton, Scotland. Under 
favorable conditions it can be made to give all the accuracy necessary 
or possible in practice, and appears to be distinctly superior in 
this respect to the steam-engine indicator. And, what is of even 
more advantage, the readings of the instrument, multiplied by a 
predetermined factor and by the revolutions per minute, give at 
once the horse- power developed. The essential feature of the instru- 
ment is a pair of sharp-edged bar-magnets that excite electric 
action as the shaft revolves. One magnet is placed in a wheel 
near the forward end of the shaft, and the other in another wheel 
as far aft as convenient. Fixed to the framing of the ship near each 
wheel is an inductor in which is a series of flat coils of wire arranged 
in radial planes. When the shaft is at rest, the magnets and in- 
ductors are set so that each magnet is at the zero mark on its in- 
ductor. When the ship is under way, the shaft is twisted so that, 
when the forward magnet is at its zero mark, the after magnet is 
in the plane of a coil at a definite angle from the zero of the inductor. 
By a proper lead of wires in a cable, electric connection can be 
made between the coils opposite which the two magnets may be 
at any instant, and, as the winding is such as to produce currents 
in opposite directions, the currents can be made to neutralize each 
other when the instrument is in proper adjustment. A switch-box 
allows the observer to find by trial the coils that give the proper 
neutralization, which can be detected by listening in a telephone 
receiver. When the instrument is so set as to give imperfect con- 
cordance, there is a ticking in the receiver which decreases as the 
switch is shifted from coil to coil till, when the proper setting is 
found, it nearly, if not entirely, disappears. The coils are set one- 

Tests on the S.S. "Governor Cobb" 343 

h of an inch apart in an inductor, and, since the concordance 
can be found either at one plug or the next of the switch-box, or 
half-way between, hundredths of an inch of displacement along the 
arc of the inductor can be estimated. The range of the inductor 
is an inch and a quarter, and on the "Governor Cobb" a torsion 
of about three-quarters of an inch was obtained, so that the instru- 
mental error was not quite two per cent. By a double switch system, 
with coarse and hne readings, it has been found possible to get the 
proper electrical connections with 
are other details for convenience i 
ment which would be tedious if 

n wires. There 
ding the insttu- 

:able of 
1 setting and 
recited here. 

The only instruments of this make in the country at the present 
time are those ordered by the Navy Department for the scout 
cruisers "Chester" and "Salem," building at the Bath Iron Works 
and at the Fore River Company's yard. Through the courtesy of 
Admiral C. E. Rae. U.S.N. , engineer-in -chief, the Institute was 
able to borrow the set ordered for the "Chester" on the condition 
that we should first set up the instrument in our laboratory and 
calibrate it. This was done, and Commander Bryan brought a 
group of young naval officers, under special instruction in steam- 
engineering, to observe the action of the instrument. 

Through the generosity of two friends of the Institute it has been 
possible to place an order for 3 set of the Denny-Johnson torsion- 
meter for the Department of Naval Architecture, and we have 
assurance that we shall be able to give students in that department 
practical experience in the use of the instrument at sea. 

This feature of the test has been dwelt upon because it is novel. 
The other items are no less important. Thus, the steam consumption 
of the propelling machinery was determined by measuring the water 
drawn from the condenser, with a Hersey water meter. The Hersey 
Manufacturing Company not only lent a four-inch hot-water meter 
free of charge, but, not having a meter of that size in stock, they 
manufactured one for our use, on a rush order, exhibiting much 
sohcitude lest they should not get it ready in season. 

The Crosby Gage and Valve Company lent us gages and other 
instruments without charge, in their usual courteous manner. 


344 '^^^ Technology Reriew 

The steam used by the auziluuy machinery and for heating was 
determined by flowing it throu^ orifices placed in the auxiliary 
supply pipes, so that the steam to be [voperly chau-ged against die 
turbine could be determined. 

The coal consumption was determined by counting the buckets 
brought from the bunkers, and as the coal was uniform in size 
and condition, and as individual bucketfuls were weighed from 
time to time, this item was determined with sufBdent exactness. 

The speed of the ship was determined by aid of an electric taffrail- 
log belonging to the department, which was tested just before die 
trials by towing it over a measured mile in Boston Hau-bor. For 
this purpose Police Commissioner O^eara gave us permission to 
use the police boat "Guardian." This log diflFers from the ordinary 
tafTrail-log in that the line to the log does not turn, but that line 
carries wires forming an electric circuit actuating a counter on 
board, so that comparatively small disunces can be determined 
satisfactorily after the error of the instrument has been determined. 
After leaving Boston, the ship was run at about half-speed, and at two 
intermediate speeds as well as a full speed, so that all the necessary 
observations were made for a progressive speed trial. 

All the instruments and apparatus used during the tests were 
standardized before or after the tests, and preliminary results have 
been computed, part of them appearing in theses, as already said. 
It is expected that a complete technical report of the tests will be 
communicated to some scientific society, but it was thought that the 
conditions and extent of the investigations would be of interest to 
readers of the Review. 

Cecil H. Peabody, ^jf. 

General Institute News 




At the regular meeting of May 31, the Corporation granted 
degrees to three Doctors of Philosophy, fourteen Masters of 
Science, and two hundred and eight Bachelors of Science, 
as noted elsewhere in the Review. They co^ifirmed various ap- 
pointments and promotions, also given elsewhere, made by the 
Executive Committee, and listened to the reading of reports from 
several Visiting Committees. In the absence of Dr. Pritchett, 
Mr. William Endicott presided. 

The Executive Committee has accepted the resignation of Dr. 
Henry S. Pritchett as president, to take effect not later than July i. 
Professor Arthur A. Noyes, '86, Chairman of the Faculty, has been 
appointed acting president. 

By the will of the late Alexander S. Wheeler, for so many years 
a devoted member of the Corporarion and of its Executive Com- 
mittee, the Institute receives $5,000. 




At the Faculty meering of May 23, 1906, a special committee 
often members, known as the Committee on Faculty Organization, 
was appointed to consider and report upon the desirability of modi- 
fying the organizarion of the Faculty and of making changes in some 
of the methods of conducting Faculty business, and to this com- 

: mittee was referred a memorandum in regard to these matters pre- 
Btnied to the Faculty by the President. A report was presented by 

I the Committee on Feb. 6, 1907; and this was adopted by the Fac- 
ulty on April 17, 1907, in a somewhat amended form, subsun- 

1 tially as follows: — 

346 The Technology Review 

With reference to the general principles involved it is the opinion 
of the Faculty: — 

(i) That it is advisable that the Faculty, as a whole, continue 
to deal yrixh questions of educational policy. 

(2) That it is advisable that the Faculty, through its officers 
and committees, continue to carry on the work of administration, 
consultation, and correspondence, so far as these are connected 
with the studies, the registration, and the records of students. 

(3) That it is advisable that the administrative work of the 
Faculty continue to be carried on by its officers and by its various 
standing committees rather than by a single administrative board 
or council chosen by the Faculty. 

(4) That it is advisable that the Faculty meetings be relieved 
from certain business which can advantageously be transacted by 
committees, and that more definite provision be made for the prepa- 
ration and presentation to the Faculty itself of matters which should 
receive its consideration. 

(5) That it is advisable that in each term two or more conferences 
of the instructing staff of the respective departments be held for 
the discussion of matters of departmental policy and the improve- 
ment of methods of instruction, in order that interest and initiative 
may be developed in the instructing staff as a whole, and that a 
definite and recognized influence in matters of policy may be more 
generally exercised. 

(6) That the Faculty, in response to the suggestion made by 
the President, express its appreciation of the desirability of some 
form of advisory relation between the Corporation and the Faculty, 
and its readiness to co-operate with the Corporation in the prepara- 
tion of a plan for establishing such a relation. 

In pursuance of the principle expressed by the fourth of the fore- 
going resolutions the following recommendations of the Committee 
were also adopted: — 

(7) That there be a new standing officer of the Faculty known 
as Chairman, whose duty it shall be to preside over the Faculty 
meetings in the absence of the President. He shall be elected each 

General Institute News 


year by ballot at the annual meeting; but no member of the Faculty 
shall serve continuously as Chairman for more than two years. 

(8) That there be a new standing committee, known as the 
Committee on Faculty Business, consisting of the President of the 
Institute, the Chairman, Dean, and Secretary of the Faculty, and 
of four other members of the Faculty. Of the elected members, two 
shall be chosen each year for a term of two years; and no such 
member of the committee shall be eligible for immediate re-election. 
It shall be the duty of the committee to bring before the Faculty 
questions of general policy, reports of work at other institutions, 
and other matters for general discussion; also to arrange for the 
presentation of annual reports from the other standing committees 
of the Faculty. The committee shall arrange for occasional meet- 
ings of the entire instructing staff or of any appropriate pmrtion 
of it for the presentation and discussion of quesrions affecting 
the interests of the Institute. 

(9) That there be a new standing committee, known as the 
Committee on Courses of Instruction, consisting of five members. 
To this committee all proposed changes in undergraduate course 
schemes shall be referred; and it shall be its duty to make recom- 
mendations to the Faculty on all such proposed changes. 

{10) That there be a new standing committee, known as the 
Committee on Faculty Rules, consisting of three members, of whom 
the Secretary of the Faculty shall be one, to which all proposed 
changes in Faculty rules shall be referred and which shall prepare 
a new edition of the rules annually. 

(11) That there be a new standing committee known as the 
Committee on Third-year Students, which shall consist of members 
of the Faculty who give instruction in third-year subjects. It 
shall consider all semi-annual and annual records of third-year 
students, and recommend to the Faculty suitable action in regard 
to them. The Secretary of the Faculty shall be Chairman of this 

Certain other recommendations were also adopted, which pro- 
vide for carrying the foregoing actions into effect and which deal 
with other matters of Faculty procedure. 

348 The Technology Review 


At the annual meeting, May 15, the following officers were 
elected: Chairman, Arthur A. Noyes; Secretary, Allyne L. Merrill; 
Dean, Alfred E. Burton. 


Promotions from Associate Professor to Professor. — ^John 0. 
Sumner, A.B., Professor of History; Frederick H. Bailey, A.M., 
Professor of Mathematics; Henry Fay, Ph.D., Professor of Ana- 
lytical Chemistry. 

New Appointment. — Reginald A. Daly, Ph.D., Professor of 
Physical Geology. Professor William O. Crosby, S.B., has been 
retired under the Carnegie Foundation. 

Promotions from Assistant Professor to Associate Professor, — 
Henry G. Pearson, A.B., Associate Professor of English; Ralph 
R. Lawrence, S.B., Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering; 
George C. Shaad, S.B., E.E., Associate Professor of Electrical 

New Appointment. — Edwin B. Wilson, Ph.D., Associate Pro- 
fessor of Mathematics. 

Promotions from Instructor to Assistant Professor. — Leonard M. 
Passano, A.B., Assistant Professor of Mathematics; George L. 
Hosmer, Assistant Professor of Civil Engineering; Charles B. 
Breed, S.B., Assistant Professor of Civil Engineering; George E. 
Russell, Assistant Professor of Civil Engineering; Maurice De K. 
Thompson, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Electro-Chemistry; Heniy 
L. Seaver, A.B., Assistant Professor of English. 

New Appointments. — Gilbert N. Lewis, Ph.D., Assistant Pro- 
fessor of Physico-Chemical Research; Earle B. Phelps, S.B., As- 
sistant Professor of Research in Chemical Biology; Edward £. 
Bugbee, Assistant Professor of Assaying; L. E. Moore, Assistant 
Professor of Civil Engineering. 

Resignations. — George V. Wendell, Ph.D., Associate Professor of 
Physics; F. P. McKibben, Associate Professor of Civil Engineering; 
R. W. Lodge, Assistant Professor of Mining Engineering; D. W. 
Johnson, Assistant Professor of Geology. 

General Institute News 

Tbf following Instructors have received leaves of absence.— CWar A 
M. Swan, S.B., Instructor in Physics; Clarence L. E. Moore, Ph.D., 
Instructor in Mathematics; Francis Harold Dike, A.B., Instructor 
in Modem Languages. 

Returned from leave of absence— DahiA F. Comstock, Ph.D., 
Instructor in Theoretical Physics. 

Resignations. — Champion H. Mathewson, Ph.D., Instructor in 
Analytical Chemistry; C. F, Willard, Instructor in Marine En- 

Promotions from Assistant to Instructor. — Royall D. Bradbury, 
Instructor in Civil Engineering; Clinton H, CoUester, A.M., In- 
structor in English; Harold G. Crane, S.B., Instructor in Electrical 
Engineering; Waldo V. Lyon, S.B., Instructor in Electrical Engi- 

New Appointments. — Nels J. Lennes, M.Sc, Instructor in Mathe- 
marics; Richard C. Tolman, S.B., Instructor in Theoretical Chem- 
istry; Robert S. Williams, Instructor in Analytical Chemistry; 
Ellwood Barker Spear, A.B., Instructor in Analytical Chemistry; 
Henry B, Phillips, Ph.D., Instructor in Mathematics; Raymond 
Haskell, S.B., S.M.. Instructor in Physics; Herbert T. Kalmus, 
Ph.D., Instructor in Physics. 

Appointments as Assistants.— Charles R. Bragdon, A.B., S.B., 
Assistant in Theoretical Chemistry; Paul S. Fiske, A.B., Assistant 
in Inorganic Chemistry; George F. White, S.B., Assistant in Or- 
ganic Chemistry; Frank B. Shields, Assistant in Technical Analysis; 
Herman W, Mahr, Research Assistant in Technical Chemistry; 
Ralph G. Hudson, S.B., Assistant in Electrical Engineering; C. W. 
Green, Assistant in Electrical Engineering; A. E. Harrold, Assistant 
in Electrical Engineering; E. J, Edwards, Assistant in Electrical 
Engineering; Clarence C. Knipmeyer, Assistant in Electrical En- 
gineering; Carleton Bell Nickerson, A.B., A.M., Assistant in In- 
organic Chemistry; William W. Kennedy, A.B., Assistant in Inor- 
ganic Chemistry; Octavus Libbey Pea body, S.B., Assistant in 
Analytical Chemistry; Walter Brayton Gonder, S.B., Assistant in 
Analytical Chemistry; Richard G. Woodbridge, Jr., S.B., Research 
Assistant in Organic Chemistry; Charles E. Allen, S.B., Assistant 


350 The Technology Review 

in Civil Engineering; Henry B. Alvord, S.B., Assistant in Civil En- 
gineering; James M. Barker, S.B., Assistant in Civil Engineering; 
Allan R. Cullimore, S.B., Assistant in Civil Engineering; Raymond 
F. Conron, S.B., Assistant in Civil Engineering; James E. Gamtt, 
S.B., Assistant in Civil Engineering; Clarence D. Howe, S.B., 
Assistant in Civil Engineering; Hudson B. Hastings, S.B., Assistant 
in Civil Engineering; Robert S. Gardner, S.B., Assistant in Me- 
chanical Engineering; Charles A. Eaton, S.B., Assistant in Me- 
chanical Engineering; John J. Thomas, S.B., Assistant in Mechani- 
cal Engineering; Bryant Nichols, S.B., Assistant in Mechanical 
Engineering; Kenneth Moller, S.B., Assistant in Mechanical En- 
gineering; William W. Bigelow, S.B., Assistant in Mechanical 

Resignations, — John C. Hudgins, A.B., Assistant in Inorganic 
Chemistry; Ralph S. GifFord, S.B., Assistant in Theorerical Chem- 
istry; Frank J. Quinlan, Assistant in Inorganic Chemistry; Albert 
H. Smith, Assistant in Mechanical Engineering; Albert L. 
Smith, S.B., Assistant in Analytical Chemistry; Anna M. Cederholm, 
S.B., Assistant in Technical Chemical Research; Walter G. de 
Steiguer, S.B., Assistant in Geology; Arthur Neale, S.B., A.R.C. 
Sc, Assistant in Technical Analysis; Fred C. Mabee, A.M., 
Research Assistant in Physical Chemistry; Ledyard Sargent, 
A.M., Research Assistant in Physical Chemistry; E. B. Spear, 
B.A., Research Assistant in Physical Chemistry; Robert W. 
McLean, S.B., Assistant in Mechanical Engineering; Horace J. 
Mclntire, S.B., Assistant in Mechanical Engineering; Floid M. 
Fuller, S.B., Assistant in Mechanical Engineering; Henry R. Patter- 
son, S.B., Assistant in Mechanical Engineering; Everett F. Tom- 
linson, S.B., Assistant in Mechanical Engineering; William Tufts^ 
S.B., Assistant in Civil Engineering; George R. Guernsey, S.B., 
Assistant in Civil Engineering; Arthur M. Chidester, S.B., Assistant 
in Civil Engineering; Harold W. Beers, S.B., Assistant in Civil 
Engineering; Kilbom Whitman, Jr., S.B., Assistant in Civil En- 
gineering; Carl T. Humphrey, S.B., Assistant in Civil Engineering; 
F. C. Starr, Instructor in Civil Engineering; George A. Rodenbaeck, 
S.B., Instructor in Electrical Engineering. 

General Institute News 


Leeturers. — New Appointments: James F. Kemp, A.B., E.M. Sc. 
D., on Economic Geology; M. C. Whitaker, S.M., on Factory 
Organization and Management. 


A committee was appointed some lime ago to consider the question 
of courses of study for college graduates, The following recom- 
mendations of this committee have been adopted: — 

First. — That each department be requested to arrange a "fifth 
year" or "graduate year" of elective studies suitable for a program 
leading to the Master's degree as soon as it is prepared to receive 
students for graduate work, and that the lists of proposed subjects 
be referred to the Committee on Advanced Degrees and Fellowships 
before presentation to the Faculty. The committee urges that 
this be done at the earliest possible date. The admirable programs 
for advanced work which have been submitted in connection with 
the tentative three-year schedules indicate that several departments 
now ofFering no fifth year course are prepared to do so at present 
or at an early date. 

Second. — That a more specific statement than that given at 
present be made in the Program, Catalogue, and special circular 
on Opportunities for College Graduates regarding the previous 
preparation necessary for admission of college graduates to the third 
year of each course, together with recommendations from each 
Department as to what subjects may advantageously be taken in 
the Summer School prior to or after entrance. 

Third. — That college graduates who have completed (in general 
with not less than one year's residence) substantially all require* 
ments in any course up to the beginning of the fourth year be 
allowed, subject to the approval of the Faculty, to become candidates 
for the Master's degree without taking the Bachelor of Science 
degree, on the basis of two years of additional work. 

The requirements for this work would in general include subjects 
in the fourth year of the regular course, and subjects chosen from 
the list of studies offered in the fifth or graduate year, together 
with the preparation of a thesis. The choice and distribution of 


352 The Technology Review 

studies consdturing the schedules of both years should be made in 
consultation with the head of the department (it being understood 
that the work of the first year would consist mainly of the work of 
the regular fourth year) and the schedules should be approved by 
the G)nunittee on Advanced Degrees and Fellowships or by a 
special conmiittee of the Faculty. 

Fourth. — ^That a revised circular on Opportunities for G)ll^ 
Graduates be prepared, in which the required and elective subjects 
of the last two years of study leading to the Master's degree referred 
to in the preceding recommendation be included. 


The following form of diploma for the degree of Doctor of Philoso- 
phy has been approved: — 


upon the recommendation of its Faculty, 
hereby confers on 

the degree of 

in recognition of his scientific attainments and ability to carry on original 
research, as demonstrated by the presentation of a thesis describing an 
investigation in and by the pursuit of advanced studies in 

Given under the seal of the Institute at Boston in the Commonwealth 

of Massachusetts on this. . . .day of in the year of our 

Lord one thousand nine hundred and 

Secretary, [seal] President, 

Students to whom the degree of Doctor of Philosophy is awarded 
are required to present within six months three hundred printed 
copies of their theses. 

General Institute News 353 


Three of the candidates for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, 
Raymond Haskell, Robert B. Sosman, and Morris A. Stewart, who 
have been pursuing the work in the Research Laboratory of Physical 
Chemistry during the past three years, have completed their re- 
searches and courses of advanced study, and were awarded that degree 
by the Institute atthe graduation exercises. Their theseswere carried 
out in the subject of Physical Chemistry, and were entitled: "The 
Effect of Concentration and Ionization on the Rates of Diffusion of 
Salts in Aqueous Solutions," by Raymond Haskell; "The Hydrolysis 
of Ammonium Acetate and the Ionization of Water at High Tem- 
perature," by Robert Browning Sosman; "The Dissociation Rela- 
tions of Sulphuric Acid," by Morris Archer Stewart. 


The following students have been awarded fellowships for the 
ensuing year:— 

R. B. Arnold, for study in the Research Laboratory of Physical 
Chemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology; E. F. 
Church, Jr., S.B. 'oi, for the study of Mechanical Engineering 
at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology; R. S. GifFord, S.B, 
'05, for ihe study of Chemistry in Germany; E. C. Jacobs, S.B. 
'97, for the study of Mining Engineering at the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology; W. K. Lewis, S.B. '05, for the study of 
Chemistry in Germany; W. E. MacDonald, A.B. University of 
Tennessee, for the study of Mathematics at Harvard University; 
C.M.Swan,S.B.'c)9,forthestudyofPhysics at Harvard University; 
R, C. Tolman, S.B. '03, for the study of Physical Chemistry at the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology; and E. W. Washburn. S.B. 
'05, for the study of Physical Chemistry at the Massachusetts Insti- 
tute of Technology. 


On June 4 for the first time the Institute conferred the degree 
of Doaor of Philosophy on three students. Fourteen students 
received the degree of Master of Science, and the degree of Bach- 

354 '^^^ Technology Review 

elor of Science was awarded to 208 students, the distribution of 
courses being as follows: Civil Engineering, 37; Mechanical En- 
gineering, 52; Mining Engineering, 22; Architecture, 21; Chem- 
istry, 10; Electrical Engineering, 32; Biology, none; Ph}^cs, 5; 
Chemical Engineering, 14; Sanitary Engineering, 3; Geology, 2; 
and Naval Architecture, 10. 


The principal changes in course schemes are those for Courses 
II. and XIII., the general natures of which were indicated in the 
last number of the Review. 

The course in Biology has also undergone modification, and is now 
developing very largely along the lines of Sanitary Science and In- 
dustrial Bacteriology. Changes in the course in Electrical Engineer- 
ing are now under consideration, which will doubtless result in 
modifications similar to those already accomplished in Courses 
1., II., XL, and XIII. 

Beginning in 1909, two elective subjects will be required of appli- 
cants for admission to the Institute. 

the cilley bequest 

The will of Frank H. Cilley, '89, by which a bequest amounting 
to about $75,000 was left in trust for the equipment of the Walker 
Memorial Gymnasium in certain specified directions, was recently 
allowed by the Supreme Judicial Court of this State, confirming 
a similar judgment previously rendered in the Probate Court. 
The will was being contested by the brother of the deceased on the 
ground of unsoundness of mind at the time of the execudon. 


The Executive Committee have approved the recommendation 
of the Faculty that a fee of 1^5 shall be charged each applicant for 
entrance examinations. This fee is to be credited on the first term 
bill of those students who enter the Institute. 

The list of options in third year General Studies has been in- 

General Institute News 


creased by the addition of a course in Argumentation and Debate; 
and the course in History of Science has been extended, so that it 
comprises two terms of work instead of one. 

The alumni office, which has already proved of so much value 

to various Technology interests, will in future be maintained by the 

^iMtitute under the general direction of the Secretary. 


Professor McKibben, of the Civil Engineering Depar 
resigned his position at the Institute to accept the position of Pro- 
fessor of Civil Engineering, in charge of the department at Lehigh 
University, succeeding Professor Merriman, who has been at the 
head of this department for many years. Professor McKibben leaves 
the Institute with the best wishes of all his associates and their confi- 
dent hopes that he may achieve high success and reputation in his 
new position. 

The demand for graduates from the Civil Engineering Department 
during the past few months has shown no falling off as compared 
with previous years. Many applications have been received, the 
total number being far in excess of the number of men available. 
The great works in engineering now in progress in this country, 
such as the New York Water Supply, the Panama Canal, and the 
terminal improvements of railroads, etc., continually call for large 
numbers of young men; and a young man who graduates from the 
Civil Engineering Department, and who can be personally recom- 
mended by his professors, is sure of a good position. 

Mr. R. D. Bradbury, assistant in the Civil Engineering Depart- 
ment, is spending the summer in the employ of S. E. Thompson, 
the concrete expert. 

The Summer School of the Civil Engineering Department is more 
largely attended this year than ever before, between twenty-five and 
twenty students leaving Boston to take part in this course, which will 
this year be held at Rangeley, Me. The work will be under the 
charge of Professor Robbins, assisted by Professors Breed and 

356 The Technology Review 

Homier. Instructor RondL Mr. Starr, wlio has been an assistant in 

the department, and Mr. Barker, one of the graduates of this year. 

Foiloinng is an extract from Boston Tramscripi of June 6» 1907: — 

In cooferring the hoooraxr degree of Doctor of Laws 00 Professor George 
FiDmore Sw:un TcaterdaT, the Un iie i Mtw of New York did not for the first 
time honor the head of the Cirfl Engineering Department of the Massa- 
chusetts Insdtnte of Technologr and member of the Boston Transit Com- 
mission. It was this same universiiT which some time since appointed him 
one of the electors of the Hall of Fame. Professor Swain received his latest 
honor br reason of his efforts to advance scientific education, and his emi- 
nent work and his high re p utati on as an engineer. 


Professor Richard W. Lodge has handed in his resignation of his 
position in charge of assaying and a portion of the work in metal- 
lurgy at the Institute. He has now been with us nineteen years, 
and his stay has been noteworthy from the care and the thorough- 
ness with which he has done his work, and the effort he has ahnrays 
« made to instill this idea of thoroughness into the students of the 
department who have had the privilege of working with him. He will 
be much missed by the corps of instructors of the department, as 
well as by the students. That he may find congenial occupation 
is the wish of all the department. He has been invited to keep his 
desk at the school and to make it his headquarters at such times 
as his convenience makes it satisfactory for him to do so. 

In his place Professor Edward £. Bugbee, class of 1900, who has 
been at the University of Iowa and later at the University of Wash- 
ington at Seattle, giving the instruction in metallurgy and assaying, 
has received the appointment. Professor Bugbee is well known to 
all the department and highly esteemed. It is hoped that he will 
be able to continue the good work which has been carried on in the 
past by Professor Lodge, and that he will also bring in new ideas 
which he has gathered in his experience in the West. 

The Summer School of the Mining Department this year has 
visited Maryland, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey. Among the places 

General Institute News 357 

visited and studied were the steel works of the Maryland Steel 
Company, the steel works of the Pennsylvania Steel Company, and 
the concentrating works of the latter company at Lebanon, Pa., 
the steel plant at Bethlehem, Pa., a cement plant in the Lehigh 
Valley, an anthracite mine and breaker, and a zinc plant of the 
New Jersey Zinc Company in the Lehigh Valley. In New Jersey 
the Atha Steel Casting Works and the Balbach Silver Lead Plant 
were visited, in New York the Raritan Copper Works, and the 
Nichols Copper Company. The trip was finished on the 25th of 


The studio of the Department of Architecture was the scene, 
April 9, of the April meeting of the Boston Society of Architects. 
Dr. Prilchett, Professor Burton, and the members of the instructing 
staff of the department, together with the students who received 
awards and mentions in the recent competition, were present as the 
guests of the society. 

A dinner was served at 6.30, and the smoke talk, at which the 
fourth and fifth year architects were present, was held at eight 
o'clock. R. Clipston Sturgis gave a talk on "Houses and Gardens 
in Wells, England," and Mr. Atkinson spoke on "Subway Connec- 


The following instructors and assistants have resigned their po- 
sitions: Dr. Champion H. Maihcwson, Instructor in Analytical 
Chemistry, Miss Anna M, Cederholm, Research Assistant in Tech- 
nical Chemistry, and Dr. Raymond Haskell, Instructor in Theo- 
retical Chemistry, all of whom expect to teach next year; Mr. Ralph 
S. Gifford, Assistant in Theoretical Chemistry, who expects to study 
abroad; and Messrs. John C. Hudgins and Frank J. Quinlan, 
Assistants in Inorganic Chemistry, Albert L, Smith and Frederick 
J. Willcox, Assistants in Analytical Chemistry, Arthur Neale, As- 
sistant in Technical Analysis, and Leavitt N. Bent, Research As- 
sistant in Technical Chemistry, all of whom are to take positions in 

358 The Technology Review 

the industrial field. The new members of the instructing staff for 
next year are: Mr. Robert S. Williams, Instructor in Analytical 
Chemistry, who returns from study in Germany; Dr. Elwood B. 
Spear, Instructor in Analytical Chemistry, who has for the past year 
been Research Assistant in Physical Chemistry; Mr. Richard C. 
Tolman, Instructor in Theoretical Chemistry, who is a graduate 
student in Physical Chemistry; Mr. Charles R. Bragdon, Assistant 
in Theoretical Chemistry, and Mr. Octavius L. Peabody, Assistant 
in Analytical Chemistry, both graduates in Chemical Engineering 
of 1907; Messrs. Walter B. Gonder, Assistant in Analytical Chem- 
istry, Hermann W. Mahr, Research Assistant in Technical Chem- 
istry, Richard G. Woodbridge, Jr., Research Assistant in Organic 
Chemistry, and Frank P. Shields, Assistant in Technical Analysis, 
all graduates in Chemistry of 1907; Mr. Paul S. Fiske, Assistant in 
Inorganic Chemistry, a graduate of Harvard, 1907; Mr. William W. 
Kennedy, Assistant in Inorganic Chemistry, a graduate of the Uni- 
versity of Minnesota; and Mr. Carleton B. Nickerson, Assistant in 
Inorganic Chemistry, a graduate student from Clark College at 
Worcester. Mr. John F. Norton, Assistant in Organic Chemistry, 
is transferred to Industrial Chemistry, and Mr. George F. White is 
transferred from Analytical Chemistry to Organic Chemistry. 

Dr. Mathewson will spend the summer in the research laboratories 
of the General Electric Company at Schenectady, but expects to give 
instruction in Metallography at Yale next year. Mr. A. L. Smith 
expects to remain for some time in the laboratory at Schenectady. 
Mr. Neale has a position with the Spencer-Kellogg Company at 
Buffalo, and Mr. Willcox is located at Duquesne, Pa., with the steel 

The changes in methods of instruction which have been outlined 
in the Review have apparently been successful. The degree of 
interest aroused by the course in Inorganic Preparations in the past 
year, which replaced that in Qualitative Analysis for a number of 
the students, was very satisfactory. It is too early to ascertain the 
effect of this change upon subsequent courses. 

The department conferences will be continued next year. Those 
of the present year dealt with the important branches of instruction 

General Institute News 


m chemistry as such, and in the later conferences it is intended to 
discuss and compare methods of instruction, and to consider the 
relations of the chemical instruction to the work of the various 
professional courses, as to effectiveness under existing conditions. 

One of the most important innovations of the year, which has also 
been noted in the Review, is the beginning of a Research Laboratory 
of Technical Chemistry. Through the employment of two assist- 
ants under Dr. W. H. Walker the work has already led to resuhs 
VFhich are of great interest and importance, and it is gratifying to 
stale that an appropriation from the Charlotte 6. Richardson Fund 
has been made which will permit the continuance of the work next 
year. It is earnestly to be hoped that a permanent endowment for 
this laboratory may soon be secured. An outline of the work of the 
past year follows. 

The work, as already outlined in the Review, has been largely 
concentrated upon the problem of the corrosion of iron and steel. 
Two phases of the subject have now been practically completed. 
The first constitutes in part the matter presented as a thesis by Mr. 
Colby Dill last June for the degree of Master of Science, and has to 
do with the influence of stress upon the corrosion of iron. Con- 
siderable work, highly contradictory in the results obtained, had 
already been done, and engineers are divided in opinion as to whether 
stress is a real factor in causing corrosion. It is thought that Mr. 
Dill's work conclusively proves that stresses which produce strains 
not exceeding the elastic limit of the metal are without effect upon 
the potential of the metal, and, therefore, cannot influence corrosion. 
As the stress is increased beyond the elastic limit, a large increase in 
potential is noted, but which exists only as long as the stress is ap- 
plied. After fracture the strained metal usually shows the same 
potential as the unstrained piece, although exceptions were found. 
In these exceptional cases the electromotive force of the system was 
as often found to be less than that of the unstrained metal as it was 
found to be greater than the latter, so that its behavior under such 
conditions cannot be predicted. These results have received in- 
dorsement by other wotk of this laboratory, in which the difference 
of potential between hard-drawn wire {which may be assumed to be 

360 The Technology Review 

still strained beyond its elastic limit) was measured against the same 
wire carefully annealed. The variations between the two wires were 
found to be no greater than those between different portions of the 
same wire. The conclusions are, therefore, that within the elastic 
limit (which covers the greater portion of the cases met with in en- 
gineering practice) stress is without influence upon corrosion, and 
that beyond this limit the influence of stress has superimposed upon 
it other factors of greater importance not yet determined. 

The second portion of the work, which has been carried on by Miss 
Anna M. Cederholm and Mr. Leavitt N. Bent, has been devoted 
to an explanation of the mechanism of the reaction by which corro- 
sion of iron or steel takes place. The theory generally held and 
most frequently given in text-books is to the effect that iron will 
corrode only in the presence of liquid water, oxygen, and carbon 
dioxide. Dr. W. R. Whitney, while at the Institute, enunciated 
a theory based upon Nemst's conception of electromotive force 
and the modem theory of solutions. He pointed out that corrosion 
is an electrochemical phenomenon depending only upon the differ- 
ence of potential between two points and the resistance in the cir- 
cuit. Iron dissolved in water free from both oxygen and carbon 
dioxide because the solution pressure of iron is greater than that 
of hydrogen, in a way analogous to the well-known precipitation of 
copper from a copper sulphate solution by iron, the latter being 
dissolved. Hence acidic reagents, even carbon dioxide, which in- 
crease the concentration of the hydrogen ion, will accelerate corro- 
sion, and, on the other hand, reagents which decrease the concen- 
tration of the hydrogen ion (as, for example, the alkalis or any salts 
which by hydrolysis produce hydroxyl ions) will inhibit corrosion. 

A number of investigators, in repeating Whitney's work, have 
failed to duplicate his results; and the electrochemical theory has 
not been generally accepted, if one may judge by references to the 
subject made in modem text-books. The work of this laboratory 
shows that Whitney was essentially correct in his conclusions, 
although he omitted one important factor, namely, oxygen. It has 
been shown that iron does dissolve in water free from oxygen and 
carbon dioxide, but only to a limited extent. Action ceases when 

General Institute News 361 

the cathodic portions of the iron become polarized by the separated 
hydrogen, and continues only when this polarizing hydrogen is 
removed. As a corollary of this, it has been found that the speed 
of corrosion of iron in water is a linear function of the partial pressure 
of the oxygen in the atmosphere above if. Experiments have been 
devised in which the necessity of this depolarization, in order that 
corrosion may continue, is easily and convincingly shown. 

Another interesting fact is that those samples of iron which in 
practice have a great tendency to corrode, also show marked differ- 
ences of potential at points selected at random over the surface of 
the piece, while specimens of iron which resist corrosion are almost 
devoid of these potential differences. The conclusions which may 
be drawn from these phenomena are so important that the work 
must be carried further before anything deiinite can be said regard- 
ing it. 

An investigation of a method devised some time ago by Professor 
Walker of a process for annealing sterling silver without deteri- 
oration due to oxidation, blistering, pitting, etc., has been completed. 
Practically alt the large silver manufacturing establishments are now 
operating in accordance with the principles which were made clear 
for the first time by this investigation. 


Thirty-two men graduated from the electrical engineering course 
at the last Commencement, and these men are starting upon their 
business life with good prospects. The class that follows them will 
apparently be larger in numbers. 

Some changes in the electrical engineering course are proposed 
after a consultation with a special advisory committee of engineers 
which was appointed by the Corporation over a year ago to con- 
fer with the teachers of the department. This advisory commit- 
tee consists of Professor Elihu Thomson, of the Corporation; Mr. 
C. L. Edgar, president of the Edison Electric Illuminating Com- 
pany of Boston; Mr. Hammond V. Hayes, chief engineer of the 
American Telephone and Telegraph Company of Boston; Mr. 

362 The Technology Review 

Charles F. Scott, consulting engineer of the Westinghouse Electric 
and Manufacturing Company of Pittsburg; and Mr. Louis A. Fer- 
guson, vice-president of the Chicago Edison Company of Chicago. 
As is well known, Professor Thomson is a member of the Cor- 
poradon, Mr. Hayes spent a period in important graduate study at 
the Institute, and Mr. Ferguson is a graduate from Course VI. in 
the class of '88. The standing of Mr. Edgar and Mr. Scott in the 
electrical engineering profession is well known. 

The advice of the visiring committee of the Corporation was 
also joined in this matter of the course of study with that of the 
special advisory committee. The Visiting Committee consists of 
Professor Elihu Thomson, Mr. Francis Blake, Mr. F. P. Fish, Mr. 
Charles A. Stone ('88), Professor Percival Lowell, and Mr. Charles 
T. Main ('76). All of these men have given active attention to 
the matter of the changes of the course with the exception of Pro- 
fessor Percival Lowell, whose location in Arizona has made it 
impracticable for him to confer. 

The first year of the proposed new arrangement of the course 
does not differ, as far as hours are concerned, from the first year 
of the now existing course, but in the new arrangement the student 
is expected to take one foreign language for a year and a half instead 
of two foreign languages each for a year. 

The students enter the Institute of Technology from high schools 
or fitting schools after having been provided with a certain amount 
of preparation in the German language and an equal amount of 
preparation in the French language, amounting to substantially 
two years of study of each. This seems to put the students who 
enter the Institute in a position to read rather easy French, so that 
they have a start which will enable them to read ordinary French 
technical literature. As far as German is concerned, the language 
is so much more complex that the entering students seem entirely 
unable to read the ordinary technical literature, and have difficulty 
in reading it in rather elementary form even after a year's study at 
the Institute. For this reason it is proposed to emphasize the study 
of German in the course at the Institute, and to require the students 
to carry the language three terms, in order that they may come to 

General Institute News 


some reasonable attainment in it. We here assume that a reasonably 
equal command of French is gained in the preparatory schools. 
While we put emphasis on the German for the reasons above stated, 
it is proposed to give the students the option between German, 
French, and Spanish for the foreign language which is to be studied 
in the Institute, in instances where an adequate reason can be given 
for taking one of the two latter instead of the German. 

The changes in the course which are of greatest importance begin 
with the second year, and the earlier of these are particularly directed 
towards starting the study of applied mechanics at the opening of 
the second term of the second year. This is for the purpose of 
improving the relative order of the instruction, and this particular 
change is to get the applied mechanics under way relatively early, 
so that the students may have a knowledge of the theorems of 
applied mechanics for their professional studies even as early as 
the opening of the third year, and it is expected to get the study of 
this subject per se completed by the middle of the third year, in order 
that the propositions of applied mechanics may be most effectively 
used by the students during their distinctively professional work 
throughout the third and fourth years. 

An analogous change, which starts apphed mechanics at the middle 
of the second year, has already been put into effect in the civil 
engineering course, and will go into effect next year with the mechan- 
ical engineering course. 

Another feature of the proposed changes in the second year of 
the electrical engineering course comprises a series of six lectures 
delivered during the first week and a half of the second term to the 
second-year men that will be given by the professor of electrical 
engineering. These lectures will relate to power and its applica- 
tions, the importance of the place that power holds in industrial 
life, and the effect of the utilization of power on civilization, with 
the idea of briefly directing the attention of these second-year stu- 
dents toward the important part that the use of power plays in 
advancing civilization, and toward the manner in which the engineer 
is called upon to apply power to useful purposes. This will give 
the students a certain start in the direction of thoughtful consideration 

I toe students a certaii 

364 'I*!^ Techncdogj Review 

of vfiat Aej 2rc aboot, and will hD a need whidi has not heretofore 
been provided tor in die course. These lectures will also be directed 
xnm^rd calling the sDidencs* attentioo to the great importance to the 
ekctrical engineer ot the snidr of the subjects of thermodynamics 
and its app(katioas« and fardraulics and its applications, etc., in 
addidoo to the subjects that more distinctly relate to the flow of 
electric currents. There is a rather general tendency of students 
to execute their work somewhat carelessly in those subjects which 
are doc discxnctxrelT electrical in character, but this, as a rule, is to 
their ultimate disadvantage as engineers, and advantage will here 
be taken of the opportunitT of urging the students to start on a 
career of trying to do all of their work thoroughly. 

As 1^ as the third year of the new course is concerned, the pro- 
posed diangcs mostly occur as the result of the introduction of 
applied mechanics during the first term in a sufficient amount to 
finish up the dass study of the subject per se. For this purpose 
the amounts of general studies given in this yezx are reduced some; 
what, but time for these is allowed in the fourth year. The study 
of hydraulics is also taken up in this )^ar, beginning with the second 
term, and the course extends through the first term of the fourth 
year. It \% proposed to enlarge the students' horizon by thus 
increasing and impro\'ing the work done in the study of hydraulics, 
improving their study of steam engineering, and adding a little of 
the design of stationary structures in addition to the small amount 
of machine design which the students of Course VI. get. Oppor- 
tunity is taken, however, to reduce somewhat the number of subjects 
studied in each term, so that thorough work may be exacted in each 
subject as it is assigned. 

The proposed changes of the course afford the fourth-year student 
an opportunity to begin his thesis (which is supposed to be an inves- 
tigation of some subject largely upon the student's own responsibility) 
at the opening of the first term, and the thesis can then run through 
the year. The student is also given some opportunity of selection 
between professional subjects, so that a certain amount of respon- 
sibility for the details of his own course of study and procedure 
is thrown upon him, with due advice and suggestion from the teachers 

General Institute News 


: department, and especially from the head of the department. 
The students will have to be responsible for their courses of pro- 
cedure after they graduate, and it seems desirable to begin to throw 
some of this responsibility on them while in the Institute, so that 
their personal sense o( responsibility may be developed as far as 
practicable before they graduate from their engineering course. 
With this idea in view some fourth-year subjects which deal with 
professional engineering are omitted from the prescribed hst, and 
the students are afforded an opportunity for a certain amount of 
selection for themselves as between the individual professional sub- 
jects, with the counsel of the teaching force of the department, as 
said above, and the approval of the head of the department. 

The proposed rearrangement of the course also adds to the sig- 
nificance for the electrical engineering students of what, in the lan- 
guage of the Faculty, are known as general studies, such as history, 
economics, etc., by placing some of the study of such subjects in 
the fourth year, so that a student may not be misled into believing 
that entering upon the professional phases of his study leading to 
his future professional life absolves him from the manifold consid' 
erations of breadth of manhood and citizenship. 

The proposed rearrangement of the electrical engineering course 
is now standing before the Faculty for its consideration, but it will 
not come up for final vote until one of the early meetings in the 
next college year. If passed by the Faculty, as we hope it will he 
passed, it is expected to put it into effect with the opening of 
the second term, but it can go into effect next year with the second- 
year men only. Obviously, the third and fourth year modifications 
cannot go into effect next year because the arrangement of the third 
year is dominated by the change in the applied mechanics, and the 
third-year men of next year will not have had the advantage of the 
study of the first half of applied mechanics in their second year. 

As a temporary matter looking toward the rearrangement of the 
course, the Faculty has voted the privilege to Professor D. C. Jack- 
son to give a course of lectures extending throughout the year on va- 
rious phases of electric lighting, electric transmission of power, and 
electric railways, which will be prescribed for fourth-year students 
in the electrical engineering course during the next school year. 

366 The Technology Review 

Professor Clifford has been planning to take his family on a 
European trip this summer, but certain matters will delay his 
getting away. He has, therefore, been granted leave of absence 
for the first month of the next college year. During the period of 
his absence Professor Jackson will take up the lectures in alternating 
current machinery, and Professor Smith will take up the lectures 
in theoretical electricity. Professor Clifford plans to deliver a course 
of advanced lectures on alternating currents. These will be for 
graduate students, and will be as a sequel to his course of lectures 
for undergraduates. They will begin early in November, and con- 
tinue through the year. 

Professor Laws is revising the manuscript of his admirable set 
of lectures on electrical measuring instruments and electrical testing, 
and they will soon be put in the hands of a publisher for the purpose 
of being issued in book form. 

Professor R. R. Lawrence has now full charge of the electrical 
engineering laboratories. During the examination period he spent 
ten days in a trip of inspection of the electrical laboratories of a 
half-dozen of the great State universities of the Central West. 

Professor Shaad, who came to the department at the opening of 
the last college year, is busily engaged on the manuscript of a treatise 
relating to central stations that will go into an engineer's pocket- 
book soon to be published, and he also is preparing a manuscript 
for a text- and reference-book on central station practice. 

Professor Smith has developed a remarkable series of illustrated 
lectures on electrical engineering subjects, for which further oppor- 
tunity will also be afforded in case the proposed changes in the 
electrical engineering course go into effect. 

Professor Jackson completed his work as chairman of the Chicago 
Telephone Commission in the month of March, and the report of 
the commission was delivered to the Chicago City Council on April 
3. Professor Jackson was appointed chairman of a board of 
arbitration in a matter between the city of Boston and the Edison 
Electric Illuminating Company of Boston, and the settlement of 
that question was actively taken up in the week following Com- 

General Institute News 


md Austin Fellow 
lilway train while 
V Haven & Hart- 

1 the degree of 
ind combined this 

Mr. Clifford M. Swan, for several years past Instructor in Physics, 
has been granted leave of absence for a year. He is to pursue 
advanced physical and mathematical studies at Harvard University. 

Mr. Guy W. Eastman, Instructor in Physics 
of the Institute, was instantly killed May 17 by a ra 
attempting to cross the tracks of the New York, Nev 
ford Railroad ai the Back Bay station. 

Mr. Eastman was pursuing a course leading t 
Ph.D. in the Laboratory of Chemical Re 
with the duties of a "half-time" instructor in the Department of 
Physics. He was an earnest student, very sound in his knowledge, 
and a devoted and successful teacher, with every prospect of success 
in his chosen profession. 

A more extended sketch of Mr. Eastman's life and work appears 
elsewhere in this number of the Review. 

Professor George V. Wendell has resigned his position as Asso- 
ciate Professor in the Institute to become Professor of Physics, in 
charge of the department, at the Stevens Institute of Technology, 

The loss of Professor Wendell will be felt very keenly and deeply 
both by his colleagues in the Physical Department and by the 
numerous students to whom he has become endeared by his unfailing 
kindness and help. The Stevens Institute is indeed fortunate in 
securing the services of so able and experienced an i: 

There having been so wide a discussion of the decay of Ameri- 
can shipping, especially in connection with the failure of certain 
political expedients that were intended to bring about a revival, it is 
with great satisfaction that it can be reported that the Department 
of Naval Architecture is, in one respect at least, in normal condition; 
namely, that there are more applications than there are men to sup- 
ply them. If there is any member of the graduating class from that 
department who is not at work, it is because he desires a vacation. 

368 The Technology Review 

And it has not been necessary to appeal to the engagement list of 
another department to biing about this condition. 

That this condition obtains should receive some publicity, because 
there appears just now to be an unreasoning disinclination among 
students in the earlier classes to take advantages of the department 
which has every facility for carrying out its work. 

That there should have been a large increase of numbers in the 
department occasioned by the awakening of shipbuilding following 
our Spanish War, and that the reaction intensified by the collapse 
of the shipbuilding trust should also have been reflected by a reduc- 
tion in numbers, was to be expected, and is, perhaps, not unsalutary. 
But with conditions as they are now it is certain that for some 
years to come the department will be unable to meet the demands 
made on it, which is doubly unfortunate, because those seeking 
young men who have had the training offered by the department 
will learn to look elsewhere, and (what is the more to be regretted) 
because a number of young men who desire and who ought to take 
that course will take up with something less congenial; and to that 
extent will find the discipline of education irksome instead of in- 


The Modern Language Department has begun to experience 
the advantage of a reduction of the size of sections resulting from the 
exemption of students of Courses I. and XL from a part of the 
language work hitherto required. This diminution of the language 
requirements has been extended during the past year to students of 
Courses IL and VIIL, and seems likely to be extended next year 
to students of at least one other course. 

Mr. Dike has left the department on a year's leave of absence. 
He expects to spend the summer in Brittany and the winter in Paris. 
He is to observe and study European methods of modern language 
teaching and report upon them on his return. While abroad he 
will be engaged also in translating into English "Elements et The- 
ories de TArchitecture," by J. Guadet, and in preparing a text-book 
of popular French reading for use in American colleges. In Paris 

General Institute News 

e will take courses in philology and kindred subject 


Appointments for the coming year include the promotion of As- 
sociate Professor Bailey, who has been a member of the department 
since 1891, to a full professorship; the promotion of Mr. Passano to 
an assistant professorship; the appointment of Dr. E. B. Wilson, of 
Yale University, as Associate Professor, and of Dr. H. B. Phillips 
and Mr. N. J. Lennes as Instructors. 

Professor Wilson is a graduate of Harvard University, and took 
his Doctor's degree at Yale in 1900. He is a man of high scientific 
reputation, has published many mathematical papers, and is spec- 
ially interested in the applications of mathematics in physics and 
mechanics. His published papers have appeared in a considerable 
number of American and foreign journals, and he is at present 
associate editor of the Transactions of the American Mathematical 

Dr. Phillips is a graduate of Erskine College, South Carolina, 
and took his Doctor's degree at Johns Hopkins University in 190+, 
since which time he has been Instructor at the University of Cin- 

Mr. Lennes is at present Instructor of Mathematics in the John 
Marshall High School at Chicago. He has taken his Doctor's 
degree at the University of Chicago, and is the joint author with 
Professor Veblen, of Princeton University, of a new book on 
the Infinitesimal Analysis. 

370 The Technology Review 



Civil Engineering Society. — For the tenth time the society met 
April 12 at the Copley Square Hotel for its annual dinner. With 
several prominent men from outside and Institute professors as 
speakers, the talk covered nearly every phase of civil engineering 
work. Dean W. C. Sabine of the Lavnrence Scientific School, and 
Professor Sedgwick spoke. 

Mechanical Engineering Society. — The society held a smoker and 
business meeting at the Union April ii. Mr. J. C. Callan, a repre- 
sentative of the General Electric Company, spoke on Curtis Turbines. 

The election of new officers resulted as follows: president, R. A. 
Angus, '08; vice-president, C. G. Jerden, '08; secretary, C. M. 
Steese, '08; executive committee, H. E. Allen, '08; H. R. Callaway, 
'08; and M. J. Turnbull, '09. 

Mining Engineering Society, — A number of members of the 
society attended a very interesting talk on Mine Optioning and 
Mining Companies by Dr. Peters at the Harvard Mining Club 
meeting, April 4. 

The Harvard Club was invited to attend, in return, the meeting 
of the Institute Society on April 9. Professor Richards gave a talk 
on Mining in Mexico, as observed by a party, of which he was one, 
of members of the American Institute of Mining Engineers, which 
took a trip through Mexico in 1901. 

At the annual meeting of the society the following officers were 
elected: W. J. Barcus, '08, president; D. H. Maxwell, vice-president 
and treasurer; A. S. Dickerman, '09, secretary; W. S. Clark, '08; 
and A. Bridgeman, '07, executive committee. 

Architectural Society, — At the annual meeting April 30 the follow- 
ing were elected officers: E. J. Williams, '08, president; Kurt 
Vonnegut, '08, vice-president; H. H. Bentley, '08, secretary; H. D. 
Chandler, '09, secretary; R. G. Crane, '08, H. F. Kuehne, '08, and 
W. F. Dolke, '08, executive committee. The report of the treasurer 

The Undergraduates 371 

ftd ihat $535 had been added to the society's scholarship fund 
as the profits from the '04-'os Annual. The total is now S735. 

Chemical Society. — At the annual dinner, held April 17 at the 
Union, the following officers were elected for the ensuing year: 
president, Wemple, '08; vice-president, Todd, '08; secretary, 
Koppetz, '09; treasurer, Tetlow, '08; member of executive com- 
mittee, Kelly, 'og. J. F. Norton, '06, acted as toastmaster. The 
speakers were Dr. Talbot, Dr. Fay, Dr. Walker, and Mr. Kneeland. 

EUetrical Engineering Society.^-Before the society at the Union, 
April 22, Frederick P. Fish, of the Corporation, and former pres- 
ident of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, gave 
an address in which he urged the necessity of outside recreation. 

Naval /Irchiteclure Society. — At a meeting held April 30 the 
following officers were elected for the ensuing year: president, 
M. E. Denny, '08; vice-president, A. C. Besselievre, '08; secretary, 
C. D. Steele, '08; treasurer, L. H. Sutton, '08. 


Co-of/erative Society. — At the annual meeting of the din 
the treasurer's report for the year 1906-07 was presented, shoi 
an increase in membership and receipts from sales in the ^ 

This year the society has handed over 8950 to the Bursar, who 
has used it for scholarship and loan purposes. £500 has gone to 
the regular scholarship fund, while the other $450 has been used 
as a part of a so-called Bursar's fund. 

This latter is a sum of money which Bursar Rand has gathered 
together, the income from which is to be used to help students who, 
through no fault of their own, lose scholarships, and to help those 
who are occasionally found working under conditions that are a 
serious handicap to good scholarship. 

Civic Club. — The club held its dinner and annual election of 
officers at the Union April 18. About thirty were present. The 
officers are: J. G. Reid, president; C. Hibbard, vice-president; 
O. J. Crommett, secretary; R. Ellis, ti 

372 The Technology Review 

Mr. Seaver, the speaker of the evening, gave a talk on the Duty 
of Kicking Wisely. 

The club held its last meeting May 3. The subject under 
discussion was, ** Resolved ^ That the Introduction of Cabinet Gov- 
ernment into the United States would be Advisable." R. Ellis, '09, 
a member from England, spoke on the affirmative, and S. L. Hen- 
derson, '10, spoke on the negative. The negative side received the 
majority of votes on the merits of the question. 

Catholic Club. — ^May 10 the club held its last meeting of the year 
for the purpose of electing officers. The results were as follows 
president, Joseph Pope, '08; vice-president, J. T. Gallagher, '08 
secretary, F. M. Heidelberg, '09; treasurer, Joseph White, *o8 
executive committee, Joseph White, *o8, P. F. O'Shea, '09, N. B. 
Enneking, '10. 

El Circulo Mexicana. — ^The club held a dinner at the Boston 
Yacht Club May 4 in celebration of the 5th of May, the anniver- 
sary of the defeat of the French by the Mexicans. About twenty- 
five men were present, several of whom were Harvard men. Mr. 
Cushing, the Mexican consul in Boston, was the guest of honor. 

El Circulo Mexicana was formed during this last year, and has at 
present about fifteen members. The dinner consisted strictly of 
Mexican dishes. 

New Tork Club. — The club held its second annual dinner at the 
Union April 10. About thirty members were present, and they 
elected officers for next year as follows: C. W. Coffin, president; 
C. J. Belden, vice-president; C. Kurtzman, secretary; G. W. 
Cooke, treasurer; F. J. Friedman and H. E. Botsford, members of 
the executive committee. 

Southern Club. — At the club's first dinner, held May li at the 
Union, Professor J. F. Norris, president of the Technology Club, 
was the speaker. A constitution was adopted, and officers for the 
next year were elected. E. F. Whitney, '07, officiated as toast- 

Mechanic Arts High School Club. — At the second annual dinner 
of the club, held April 3 at the Union, forty-five men were present, 
including several guests from Harvard and Tufts and under- 

The Undergraduates 


graduates of the school. Dr. Parmenter and Mr. Hanson of the 
school were present, and spoke briefly. 

Cleojan. — At the last meeting the following officers were elected 
for the next school year: president. Miss Ruth Maxwell, '09; vice- 
president. Miss Florence H. Luscomb, '09; secretary, Miss Gladys 
Blake, '09; treasurer. Miss Lahvesia Packwood, '07. 

Y. M. C. A. 

Professor Talbot spoke informally at the meeting May j on what 

_ __: .-c '- -J-- -cr^-i .1 u L_ __j i .L.-- .-j.- _i u 

D. He spoke in 
id is doing. He 
Tech for fifteen 

a of God should be, and ho^ 
influence his life. 

Professor Porter addressed the meeting May i 
a general way on what the Y. M. C. A. has done i 
said that there has been a Christian Association a 

A new course has been entered upon this year. In the election 
of Lester W. Brock, '07, as graduate secretary, Tech takes a stand 
with the colleges and universities foremost in Y. M. C. A. work. 

Mr. Brock was one of Tech's representatives last year at the great 
national conference of college Y. M. C. A. and Y. W. C. A. workers 
at Nashville, Tenn, He also attended the Northfield conference 
for Eastern College Associations. In undertaking this work, Mr, 
Brock has the advantage of being able to devote his entire attention 
to the Technology Association. He will strive to guide the associa- 
tion 10 where it will be self-supporting, the end which Mr. Gates, 
the retiring secretary, has always had in view. 

Technology will have a large delegation at the college Y. M. C, A. 
conference at Northfield. 


At the New England Interscholastic Championship Drill, held in 
the South Armory on May I, P. A. Hail, of Medford High School, 
carried off first prize, while Chelsea High School was awarded the 
silver cup for the most points. 

The squad of competitors consisted of three men from each of 

374 '^^^ Technology Review 

the following high schools: Fall River, Medford, Chelsea, Wake- 
field, Brockton, Stoneham, Lowell, Methuen, Gloucester, New 
Bedford, Hyde Park, Dorchester, and Concord, N.H. The drill 
consisted of the manual of arms, marchings, and facings. Major 
James C. Smith, 6th Infantry, M. V. M., Captain Frank S. Wilson, 
and Lieutenant Clifford L. Harris, Corps Coast Artillery, acted as 

Before the individual drill the M. L T. Battalion gave an ex- 
hibition company drill, and after the presentation of prizes by 
Major Wheeler an evening parade was held. Music was furnished 
between the acts by the M. L T. Cadet Band. 

"the tech" 

The Tech held its annual banquet at the American House on 
May 8, seventeen members of the editorial and business staffs being 
present. Mr. F. P. Sibley, of the Boston Globiy gave a deeply in- 
teresting insight into modem newspaper work. 

Henry W. Hoole, 'o8, has been elected editor-in-chief. W. Fred 
Dolke, Jr., 'o8, will continue as managing editor, and Raymond 
W. Parlin, 'o8, as business manager. D. C. McMurtrie, 'lo, has 
been elected secretary of the board and sporting editor. 


The success of "William, Willie, and Bill" was emphasized in 
many ways at the Tech Show dinner at the Union, May lo. Fi- 
nancially, the Show will equal, if not surpass, "The Chemical Maid" 
in profits, as at least |$t 1,500 will be cleared, the business manager 

Instead of confining the entertainment to speech-making and sing- 
ing, Macomber, '07, who acted as toastmaster, hit upon the happy 
scheme of having many of the principals appear in costume, several 
of them being taken from former Shows. Thus the speeches were 
interspersed with stunts. 

Speeches were made by Mr. J. P. Munroe, of the Corporation, 
Dean Burton, Bursar Rand, Professor Jackson, Professor Clifford, 

The Undergraduates 375 

Mr. McCready, Mr. Blachstein, Mr. Seaver, Professor Richards, 
Mr. McMillin, in "How it Happened, or the Wellesley Deal," and 
Mr. Francis. 



John F. Mahan, who has been coach and director of Tech track 
athletics for six years, resigned his position May 7. this resignation 
to go into effect at the end of the present school year. His action 
was brought about by a disagreement over money matters between 
Mr. Mahan and the Advisory Council on Athletics. 


The Cabot Medals for this year have been awarded to E. E. 
Turkington, '07; J. E. Johnson, '07; E. Myers, '08; G. Schobinger, 
'08; and F. M. Heidelberg. '09. Honorable Mentions were awarded 
to J. Flanders, 'oq; L. A. Dow, 'lo; F. E. Hodges, '10; R. E. 
Gegenheimer, '10; and T. B. Silsbee, '10. 

The committee of award was composed of Professor Wendell, 
chairman. Dean Burton, Professors Lodge and Johnston, and Mr. 


The third annual gymnastic exhibition was held April 23. One 
of the most interesting events was the presentation of the Cabot 
medals to John Tobin, '08, Frederick Jaeger, '09, John Tresnon, 
'07, P. P. Greenwood, '07, and L. Tuckerman, '06, for physical 
development and general gymnastic efficiency. Boxing matches be- 
tween Schneider and Higgins, and Starkweather and Allen, added 
to the interest. The other events were principally gymnastics, such 
as tumbling, club swinging, and excellent work on the high hori- 
zontal bar. 


May 29 Thomas W. Orr, '08, was elected captain of the track 
team for next year. At the New England Intercollegiate Meet on 

376 The Technology Review 

May 26 the Tech track team secured fourth place with twenty-one 
points^ easily out-distancing Williams, her old rival, who finished 
fifth with only eleven. 

Dartmouth won the meet with forty-seven points, while Brown 
and Amherst ran a close race for second place, the former eventually 
winning with twenty-eight and a half points against the twenty-seven 
scored by her rival. 


Technology won both singles and doubles in the eighth annual 
New England intercollegiate lawn tennis championships, with J. LB. 
Lamed and W. B. Coffin as the Institute men to win all matches. 
Lamed walked off with the singles. 

The summaiy for the Tech matches are. — 


First Round. — Budling (Brown) beat Fanning (Tech), 7-5, 2-6, 
10-8. Lamed (Tech) beat Thompson (Williams), 6-4, 6-0. 

Semi-Finals. — Lamed (Tech) beat Steams (Dartmouth), 6-0, 
6-0. Larned (Tech) beat White (Wesleyan), 7-5, 6-3. 

Final. — Larned (Tech) beat Budlong (Brown), 5-7, 2-6, 6-3, 
7-5, 6-1. 


First Round. — Larned and Coffin (Tech) beat Rotch andMcLain 
(Dartmouth), 6-3, 6-3. 

Semi-Finals. — Larned and Coffin (Tech) beat Budlong and 
WycofF (Brown), 6-4, 6-2. 

Finals. — Lamed and Coffin (Tech) beat Wolff and Graham 
(Amherst), 6-3, 6-2, 6-0. 


Tech won the meet from the University of Maine at Orono 
May 6 by the score of 86 to 40. The field, laid out on soft clayey 
ground, was a pond, and the track was very slippery. 

The Undergraduates 377 


The meet on May 1 1 went to Brown by the score of 68'J to 57^ 

Brown. Ttch. 

lOO-yard dash 5 4 

220-yard dash I 8 

440-yard dash 4 5 

880-yard run 4 5 

i-mile run 8 i 

2-mile run 6 3 

120-yard hurdles 5 4 

220-yard hurdles 5 4 

High jump 2| 6J 

Pole vault 2 7 

Broad jump 5 4 

Shot put 8 I 

Hammer throw 5 4 

Discus throw 8 I 

Totals 68J 57i 


Victory was the result of the relay team's trip to the Pennsylvania 
games. Close in every relay, with a fast total time, the best quartette 
of quarter-milers in years carried off first honors in a mile relay 
against Wesleyan April 27 at Franklin Field, Philadelphia. 

378 The Technology Review 



"We've had feasts of reason heretofore, and great and weighty 
have been the words about our hospitable board. We've been highly 
edified and vastly improved, and we return thanks, but this time, 
brethren, we are going to have a flow of soul and anything else that 
will flow freely. We're going to play for one whole evening." That 
was the purport of the call issued by the Technology Association 
of the Connecticut Valley to its annual banquet, which was pulled 
off* at the Massasoit House, Springfield, Saturday evening, May 4, 
1907, be it long remembered. Massasoit was an Indian, and the 
tribe was there. This call to a feast and grand pow-wow hit the 
tribe under precisely the right rib, and the replies came in per 
return mail. About three hundred men are on our list, but our 
reservation extends from the Great Bitter Water on the south to 
the Big Bending Water on the north. To you aliens who do not 
catch on, let us say that these are Long Island Sound and the St. 
Lawrence River. East and west we extend from Boston Bay to 
the Hudson, though we have not as yet catalogued all of the men 
east of Worcester. We shall probably get them before our next 
annual dinner. 

So, when forty lusty and husky boys assembled in Massasoit's 
big wigwam, we felt that we had not printed in vain. The committee 
had a program that made the Keith Circuit look like the grand 
concert after the one-ring circus. We got it without bloodshed, 
but at one time it seemed as if gore must flow. We waited on a 
vast and opulent theatrical magnate, and humbly presented our 
needs. After a week's sleepless consideration his nibs favored us 
with a boon. He would consent that two stars should be tempo- 
rarily detached from his galaxy, and shed their radiance on us for 
exactly thirteen long minutes for the trifling sum of forty dollars 
each. We kotowed, and withdrew and smiled. Then we rounded 

The Graduates 


up the autos of the M. I, T. men who live in luxury, called at the 
hotel of ihe aforesaid stars, gave them and pretty nearly the whole 
universe a scorching ride, a big feed at the club, and gently and 
soothingly presented them the opportunity they were clamoring 
for; to wit, to perform before us. Result; Eddie Leonard, he of 
Barlow, Wilson, Primrose, & West, colaborer of Lew Dock- 
stader and many another immortal, took the whole matter in hand, 
and right here let us say that, if any Tech man this side of Jordan 
meets Eddie Leonard and doesn't embrace him as a brother, 
may his sons flunk at the first semi and wear no manner of sheep- 
skin inscribed "M. L T." Besides, if you don't do it, you'll lose 
a lot of fun. for Eddie Leonard is all there. We had a vaudeville 
show that turned the magnate deep green when he heard of it. 
We had nine-tenths of his entire cast, and the other one-tenth 
wept with the magnate, but for a different cause. 

Speeches there were, songs there were, and (here's a royal cup 
to him!) wc sang"'Tis always fair weather when good fellows get 
together," with. merry Bullard in our hearts; and may he have 
heard, and been gladdened thereby! We didn't have any of the 
Faculty with us this year. We sent an ofiicia! statement of the pace 
record required for entrance, and none of them could qualify. 
But — may his speed never grow less! — Eben S. Stevens, of Quine- 
baug. Conn., youngest man on the Corporation of the M. L T., 
whatever his years, was there. He was the best fellow in all that 
goodly circle, and he made a speech so chockful of sense, humor, 
fun, love for M. 1. T., and good cheer generally that he was 
cheered to the echo, and "'Tis always fair weather" was sung ia 
rousing chorus in his honor. 

Everybody had a grand time, and the next time we send out our 
birch-bark announcing a peace dance we anticipate that the reser- 
vation will be emptied from between the waters north and south, 
and from here to City Point. You'll be welcomed, feasted, toasted, 
tagged, and sent home. And blissful and abundant will be your 

Following are the names of the braves who assembled at the 
M. I. T. feast: Eben S. Stevens, '68, George L. R. French, '84, 

380 The Technology Review 

Woodman S. Page, '85, Frank H. Page, '86, N. P. Ames Carter, '87, 
Guy Kirkham, '87, George L. Munn, '88, Paul R. Hawkins, '89, 
Edmund P. Marsh, '89, Darragh De Lancey, '90, S. Ellsworth 
Horton, '90, Moses Lyman, Jr., '90, Clarence E. Whitney, '91, 
Oren E. Parks, '93, H. W. Morrill, '93, N. W. Dalton, '94, Harry G. 
Fisk, '96, Edw. F. Smith, '96, Frederick W. Fuller, '97, Howard H. 
Burdick, '97, Charles L. W. Pettee, '97, Charles S. Murlless, '98, 
George L. Harris, '01, Fred. N. Fowler, Jr., '02, Ernest W. Pelton, 
'03, Elbert E. Lockridge, '03, H. P. Maxim, Charles F. Barrett, '04, 
A. M. Holcombe, '04, W. T. Keen, '04, Frederick W. Farrell, '04, 
E. O. Hiller, '04, John D. McQuaid, '04, Albert W. Nichols, '04, 
Frank S. Farrell, '05, Burton E. Geckler, '05, John H. Fellows, '06. 

Edmund P. Marsh, '89, Chairman^ 
P.O. Box 791, Springfield, Mass. 


From the Tech: — 

Philadelphia, April 4. — Dean Burton spoke at the dinner of the Phila- 
delphia Technology Club, held this evening at the Flanders at 7.30 o'clock. 
His subject was "Progress in Tech Student Interests during the Last Five 
Years." He told of the development of student life during that dme, 
paying especial attention to some new institutions that have recently sprung 

Professor Burton was warmly received by the Tech graduates, of whom 
there were about forty-five present. The other guests at the dinner were 
Dr. James T. Young, dean of the Wharton School at the University of 
Pennsylvania; Hon. Charies E. Smith, editor of the Philadelphia Press; 
S. M. Vauclain, of the Baldwin Locomotive Works; and Major Cassius 
E. Gillette, chief engineer of the Philadelphia Filtration Bureau. 


The society has had three regular (and one special) meetings 
during the past three months at its regular headquarters, the Uni- 
versity Club, 930 1 6th Street, N.W., each meeting being preceded 
by the usual informal dinner. It is intended to continue the 

The Graduates 



regular meetings on the second Monday of the month throughout 
the summer- 

The meeting of April 8 was unusually well attended, and listened 
to an extremely interesting talk by Mr, F. F. Longley, bacteriologist 
of the Washington Aqueduct Filtration Plant, who explained in 
full the construction and operation of the new plant for the puri- 
fication of the city water supply from the Potomac River by sand 
filtration. The talk was illustrated by about sixty lantern slides 
covering all the features of the water system, including the aqueduct 
tunnel, the Washington reservoir, and the filter system proper, 
consisting of twenty-nine beds, each ore acre in extent and filled 
with sand to a depth of three to four feet. The method of "scrap- 
ing" the tops of the sand beds and washing the sand thus removed 
by apparatus specially devised for this plant was particularly de- 
scribed. The plant was shown 10 have been very successful in 
removing the considerable amounts of suspended clay, and all but 
a very small percentage of the bacteria existing in Potomac water. 

A special meeting of the society was held on April 22, at which 
time one of the members, Mr. Frani^ois Matthes, '95, just returned 
from the West, gave a finely illustrated talk on "Experiences of a 
Two Years' Campaign in the Grand Canyon of the Colorado." 
During the time referred to Mr. Matthes completed an extensive 
survey of the canyon, obtaining the measurements of its almost 
infinite topographical details by rapid original methods, in many 
cases under great difficulties on account of the inaccessibility of 
certain parts of the great gorge. 

At the meeting of May 13 Mr. Leroy E. Kern, "02, of the Super- 
vising Architect's Ofiice, recently returned from the Philippine 
Islands, gave the society the benefit of his observations on archi- 
tecture and engineering in the islands during several years' stay 
there in the government service at Manila, illustrated by a number 
of photographs. The talk was of particular interest as touching, 
in many ways, on general conditions of life and "the white man's 
burden" in the Philippines. 

F. W. SwANTON, Secretary, 
1641 13th Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 

382 The Technology Review 


The informal noon-day lunches held Tuesday of each week by 
the Cincinnati M. I. T. Club have been quite successful during the 
last two months. Ten or a dozen men are usually present, and a 
very pleasant social hour is spent. The officers of the club feel 
much encouraged by the awakened interest. 

J. W. Ellms, '93, Secretary^ 
East Court and Martin Streets, Cincinnati, Ohio. 


The final meeting of the season of the Technology Club of New 
Bedford was held at the home of E. H. Wing on Thursday, May 2. 
There were eleven present. We were pleased to welcome ex- 
President Tillinghast, who had just recovered from a serious illness. 
The club entertained Mr. Clifford Wade, Tech, '08. The subject 
was broached of holding a midsummer meeting of the club on some 
of the boats of the members, and taking a moonlight sail about the 

Pierce, '93, Swan, '97, Robinson and Wing, '98, attended Tech 
Night at the Pops on June 4. 

Charles F. Wing, Jr., Secretary^ 
34 Purchase Street, New Bedford, Mass. 


President's Message 

Representatives : Exicutive NUnsion, January 17, 1907. 

T. C. of N. O. 

Some months ago one Wallace cornered me with the information that 
the electoral college men of the M. I. T. had returned a majority in favor 
of yours gratefully, and that the office of president of their society, together 
with all perquisites, requisites, honors, and obligations therewith, was mine 
to have and to hold as long as said M. I. T/s would stand for it. 

Some inaugural ceremony seems fitting, and, as a Ball won't do, the 
Cabinet, at the suggestion of the Secretary of the Interior, has decided upon 
a dinner, and does now proclaim, announce, and call for full representation 

The Graduates 


from all disirias ai the University Club at 6.30 p.m. on the evening of 
Friday, January the 25ih. 
Members are urged, requested, and hereby ordered to be on hand at 
ind may travel on free passes, clergyman's ticket, or 3c, Tomcon, 

so long as they arrive ; 

which will defray, pro ra 
Arrangements have be 
I accept yoi 
ir tickets,— i 


Please 1 

,ew "big 

I could write 

fely with $1 for the Secretary of the 
II expenses incidental to the session. 
lade with the Hon. Secretary, and he has finally 
leck for ^i, or you can mail postage stamps 
y event, he wants to know tight off who's com- 
ply to him direct and quickly, that your president may try 
tick" on chose who think they can't come. 

re, but Metcalfe (not Victor, but Frederick) says this is 

o be. Gentlemen, 

The President. 

N.B. — By special arrangement with the Department of Agriculture, 
Motch, E. R., will blossom fonh in song; but Wallace has promised to 
keep still, as his voice is arid and uncultivated. 

N.B. No. 2. — Honored professors, committees from headquarters to 
solicit funds for the Institute, and other diplomats cannot be listened lo 
during this session. 

Franklin B. Richards, '84, 

Sidney Y. Ball, '03, 


A very enthusiastic meeting of the Technology Club of Northern 
Ohio was held at the University Club on the evening of January 25. 
Thirty members were present, including several from near-by towns, 
and under the able leadership of President Richards everything pro- 
gressed hummingly from the start. 

We sat down at two tables arranged to form the letter "T," and 
quickly disposed of a home-style dinner. Very soon after the cigars 
had been passed, the president arose, and announced that he in- 
tended to conduct an experience meeting. 

The affair progressed in good "Methodist" style, and from 
Sheridan and Wallace to Handy and Ritchie every last one of US, 

384 The Technology Review 

wbctlicr we Eked k or doc, had to get up and tell the rest of us his 
personal career from Commfncemcnt Day right up to the dinner 

Of coarse, we were all very modest, and probably the half of our 
accompfehmrms was not related, but what we did tell served to 
make eTcrr one feel weD acquainted, and we dispersed reluctantly, 
pn^king oonrfro anod« pthering very soon. 

S. Y. Ball, '03, 
BaU Building, Qeveland, Ohio. 

THE prrrsBcmG assoclation of the m. i. t. 

The Pittsburg Association is the outcome of a gathering of 
Tech men held in this dtr last April. C. T. Bartlett and P. B. 
Staniev. t«fa igo6. succeeded in collecting about thirty of 1905 and 
1906 men at the Hotel Doquesne on April 28. 

After recovering frxMn our surprise at seeing so many familiar 
faces, we realized the benefit to be derived from an association of 
all the classes. A conmmtee was appointed to confer with the 
local alumni organization, which, they found, did not exist. Upon 
the advice of Mr. C. A. MacOure, '94, the sole survivor of the 
former association, his visitors evolved into an organization com- 
mittee, and proceeded to work. The old association, inactive for 
several years, was declared extinct, and notices were sent out to all 
available addresses in the vicinity of Pittsburg. 

About fifty men met at the University Club on the evening of 
April 4. The meeting was called to order by Mr. MacClure, 
who was elected temporary chairman. Mr. MacQure gave a history 
of the organization, its rise and fall, and rejoiced at the interest 
displayed by the younger men, upon whom, he said, depended the 
success of the new association. 

A very liberal constitution, allowing membership to any one ever 
connected with the Institute as student or instructor, was adopted. 
Officers were elected as follows: L. K. Yoder, '95, president; S. B. 
Ely, '92, vice-president; Waldso Turner, '05, secretary-treasurer; 
W. I. Bickford, '01, and P. B. Stanley, '06, members of executive 

The Graduates 


After the other routine business of organization was finished, the 
formal meeting adjourned, and everybody indulged in a general 
hand-shaking and in recalling amusing reminiscences. 

Mr. Ely was the chief entertainer of the evening, showing some 
feats in legerdemain which would convince one, without other 
information, that he had missed his calling. 

On April 4. the executive committee entertained Dr. Pritchett 
at dinner at the University Club on the occasion of his visit to Pitts- 
burg to represent the Institute at the dedicatory exercises of the 
enlarged Carnegie Institute. Among the invited guests were the 
following friends of Dr. Pritchett: Professor J. A. Brashear, of the 
Carnegie Institute; Dr. McCormick, of the Western University of 
Pennsylvania; Dr. H. D. Lindsay, of the Pennsylvania College 
for Women; Mr. Julian Kennedy. Mr. F, T. McClintock, and Mr. 
C. A. MacClure. 

Following the dinner some of the guests were driven to the Car- 
negie Music Hall, but Dr. Lindsay honored us by remaining to the 
reception which was held by members of the association. 

Dr. Pritchett met all the men personally, and remembered many 
whom we had known at Tech. He gave a very interesting talk 
later in the evening, lucidly describing his trip to the Panama Canal 
Zone, and very forcibly showing that closer relation among the 
alumni is essential to the growth and welfare of the Institute under 
the new conditions. His description of the recent changes at Tech 
was exceedingly interesting, especially to the older men. 

Dr. Lindsay responded with an enjoyable talk on college organi- 

Mr. MacClure's explanation of the distinction between profes- 
sional and commercial men was not a tittle consoling to Tech men, 
who know the vast difference between the wealth of the Institute 
and that of other educational institutions. 

The evening concluded with music, a buffet lunch, and a large 
amount of sociability. 

While we consider ourselves the youngest association, we believe 
we have the enthusiasm and available material to make it one of 
the strongest. There are approximately one hundred and seventy- 

386 The Technology Review 

five Tech men within a radius of fifty miles of Pittsbiirgy and the 
majority of them are from the more recent classes, showing that 
this district is becoming more popular each year. 

We would like to confer with other similar organizations in regard 
to bringing the alunmi of Technology into closer relations, and are 
very anxious to have information concerning new men in this vicinity. 

Waldso Turner, Secretary^Treasurer^ 
1 1 73 Frick Building Annex, Pittsburg, Pa. 

News from the Classes 387 


Prof. Robert H, Richards, Sec, Mass. Inst, of Tech., Boston. 

The dinner and Pop Concert proved an extremely interesting 
occasion to the class of '68. We had present on the occasion Messrs, 
Stone, Stevens, Forbes, Hoyt, Whitney, Jackson, Fillebrovm, Tol- 
man, and Richards. Of these Stone was absent from the Pops 
and Whitney was absent from the dinner. This is the largest 
gathering of the class of '68 that we can recall since the day of 
graduation. The boys all enjoyed talking over old times, and it 
proved an extremely interesting occasion. Forbes said that he had 
not met Hoyt since '68, and they had to be introduced to each other. 
— Roben H. Richards is at Randolph, N.H., near Mount Adams, 
writing the appendix to his book on Ore Dressing. 

My dtar Bob, — . . . Last winter I again made a trip to Mexico to visit 
my daughter for a couple of months, and was very much struck with the 
enormous development of the country, which is carried on, principally, 
by foreign capital. For example, the Necaxa Falls, which dash over a 
precipice 1,500 feet high and siruared ninety-five miles from Mexico City, 
have been developed giving 200.000 H.P. under a I,+00 foot head devel- 
oped by Pelion wheels of 8,000 H.P., which generate electricity of 60,000 
volts. This current is carried on iron tripods fifty (eet high, by means of 
one-half inch copper cables, and is distributed in Mexico City, Puebia, 
Pachuca, and El Oro, the two latter being large mining and smelting 
towns. This current is used for lighting, running the electric railways 
and power of all kinds, and is sold at much more moderate prices than 
in Boston, which greatly aids development, as all fuel in Mexico is very 
scarce and high. 


388 The Technology Review 

The climate there is simply perfect, being October weather the whole 
year through, with a temperature from fifty degrees to seventy degrees, and 
rain only late in the afternoons of the summer months. It certainly is a 
delightful climate to live in. 

President Diaz, one of the most able rulers the world has seen, fearing 
that Harriman and others might gobble their railways, as is being done in 
the States, simply took over the roads for the government, paying for the ma- 
jority of the stock by bonds guaranteed by the government, and, although 
the railways are run by an organization elected by the stockholders them- 
selves, they are always subject to the control of the government, and no 
outside influence can ever control the majority of the stock. 

I am looking forward to spending another winter there with a great deal 
of pleasure. Sincerely yours, Joseph Stone. 

Charles F. Read, Sec.y Old State House, Boston. 

Several members of the class attended the various exercises on 
May 31 and June 4. The class was well received at the Pop 
Concert in Symphony Hall, and it did its share of the jollification. 
— Colonel Samuel P. Colt has retired from the senatorial contest 
in Rhode Island. — ^The president of the Class Association, George H. 
Barrus, and wife are making a short visit to London and Paris. — 
Charles D. Ausdn, now residing in the West, has been in Boston 
lately, and called on the secretary. 

John R. Freeman, Sec.y 235 Arlington Avenue, Providence, R.I. 

Nine members of the class of '76 showed up in the Commencement 
season at the dinner of the old classes at the Yen dome, and subse- 
quently at the Pop Concert. '76 now has three members on the 
Corporation; namely, Copeland, Main, and Freeman. These were 
all present, as were also Prichard, Galloupe, Crosby, Hapgood, and 

News from the Classes 


Shillaber. — L. M. Davis was detained by the arrival of a new 
daughter, but looked in on some of his Eastern friends a few days 
later. The telephone and electric light business at Minot, N.D., 
of which he is general manager and one of the principal owners, is 
sharing in the rapid growth of this lively town of the North-west. 
He reports business as very prosperous. — Main is another of those 
who is almost suffering from excess of prosperity. He said he had 
about thirty construction jobs under supervision from his office. 
On the first of the year he dissolved his former partnership, and 
established new offices at 45 Milk Street. His son Charles, who 
graduated from Dartmouth this year, will, probably a little later, 
become associated with the business of the office. — Prichard is 
president of the American Gas Light Association, and his son, who 
graduated from Tech not long ago, is following in his father's foot- 
steps, being now manager of the gas-works at Beverly. Prichard 
is still general manager of the Lynn Gas and Electric Company, and 
his services as consulting gas engineer are much in demand in various 
parts of New England. — Freeman has recently returned from the 
Isthmus of Panama, where he was one of the board of engineers 
appointed to investigate the foundation for the locks and the dams 
of the Isthmian Canal. — Crosby has retired from active teaching, on 
the Carnegie Foundation, but will remain conneaed with the Insti- 
tute as Reseaich Professor. He continues consulting geologist for 
the New York Board of Water Supply, and will spend a portion of 
the present summer in Alaska, conrinuing his studies on some of 
the special problems that have engaged his attention each summer 
for seven years past. 


Richard A. Hale, Sec, Lawrence, Mass. 

At the reception to the graduating class by the alumni the class 
of '77 was represented by A. L. Plimpton, who made remarks on 
the art of living, and presented the class with a treatise on that 
subject, and also a pair of large field glasses with which to view their 

390 Technology Review 

future careers. Other '77 men present were Kittredge and Hale. 
At the Commencement reunion '77 joined with the earlier classes 
in the class dinner. Bradford, Davis, Gray, Gowing, Sherman, 
and Hale were present at the dinner and Pop Concert. No special 
observance of the thirtieth anniversary of graduation was arranged. 
— ^Hallett, '77, of Butte, Mont., is an enthusiastic mountaineer. 
He is an ex-president of the Rocky Mountain Club, and discovered 
a large glacier in Colorado, known as Hallett Glacier, at which 
time he nearly lost his life by falling into a crevasse. One of the 
lofty peaks in Northern Colorado bears the name of Mount 
Hallett in recognition of his activity. A book published by the 
Appalachian Mountain Club on Mountaineering in Colorado, by 
Herbert Chapin, contains an interesting description of Hallett's 
work in this direction. — ^A son of Sherman is a graduate of 
Course I., class '06, and is connected with the New York Water 
Supply Commission, engaged in engineering work. 

Walter B. Snow, SeCy 29 Russell Avenue, Watertown, Mass. 

The twenty-fifth reunion was celebrated in accordance with the 
following program: June 3, harbor trip for members and ladies. 
Class dinner in evening. June 4, outing for members and families 
at Norumbega Park. Pop Concert in evening. Sixteen were present 
at the dinner. — Ayer is now president of the Eastern & Western 
Lumber Company, Portland, Ore. — Cheney has been busy as a 
member of the Connecticut legislature. — Mrs. Clark (Miss Rice), 
of Los Angeles, Cal., expected to attend the reunion. — Cochran is 
still abroad, his last letter being dated at Berlin, and expects to re- 
main during the summer. — Rufus F. Herrick is now located at 2 Kilby 
Street as consulting chemist, with denatured alcohol as a specialty. 
— Special features of the reunion were the selection of class colors 
and the development of a class cheer, — object-lessons to older 
classes without these essentials of organization. 

News from the Classes 


Harvey S. Chase, Sic, 27 State Street, Boston. 

Capen has finished a new patent leather factory at Canton Junction 
which will triple his previous output. He has a son preparing for 
Tech and expecting to enter in 1909. — Underwood has recently been 
at Des Moines, la., fitting up a new factory for manufacturing 
glue in connection with the independent packers.^Smith has a 
specific for the whooping-cough. Has tried it on three children, 
and they survived. Will now hire both Capen's and Underwood's 
new factories and manufacture the compound. Wants good agents. 
Members of '83 preferred. (Received by wireless.) — Gale, '83, has 
again taten up the business of electric heating in which he was 
interested ten years ago, and is now chief engineer of the Simplex 
Electric HeatingCompany,with headquarters in Cambridgeport, and 
living at NaticL.—" Herbert Tyler Bardwell, forty-seven years old, 
well known as a civil engineer, died suddenly April 10 of heart trouble 
and complications in the home of his parents, Francis M. and Lucy 
Tyler Bardwell, 91 Woodside Terrace, Springfield, Mass. He had 
been in poor health for some time. Mr. Bardwell was born in 
Belchertown, Oct. 27, 1859, and moved to Springfield when a young 
man. He was educated in Wesleyan Academy, Wilbraham, and at 
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he was graduated 
with the degree of B.S. in 1883. He was subsequently con- 
nected with the Holyoke Water Power Company and the West 
End Street Railway Company of Boston, and for three years was 
instructor in civil engineering in the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology. Owing to ill-health, he had not been active in his 
profession for several years. He was a charter member of Tech- 
nology chapter, Sigma Chi fraternity. Besides his parents he leaves 
a brother, Arthur E., and two sisters, Marian E, and Lucy L. Bard- 
well, all of this city." 

392 The Technology Review 


Prof. William L. Puffer, 207 Equitable Building, Boston. 

Reported by Dr. Gill in absence of the class secretary: ''I saw 
Damon at the Technology Club on graduation day. He is in New 
York, where he has been for the past eight years, with the North- 
western Life Insurance Company. — Holder came to the alumni 
reception, and, judging by his looks, time has dealt with him kindly. 
He reports that he is now in better health, and expects to take more 
active interest in M. I. T. and class matters. — ^Tyler has been taking 
lessons in carpentry, and is assisting in building himself a summer 
cottage on Lake Winnipesaukee. — Du Pont was at the Pop Concert, 
looking as well as in the old days." 

Prof. Arthur G. Robbins, Sec, Mass. Inst, of Technology, Boston. 

Following the custom established at the reunion, the classes of 
'85, '86, and '87 dined together on the evening of June 3, and after- 
wards attended the "Pops" in a body. The '86 men present were 
Anthony D. P. Bartlett, Borden, Chase, Cobb, Cutter, Locke, 
Miller, Noyes, and C. C. Peirce. — Locke has recently had the envi- 
able distinction to be appointed president of the Boston Young 
Men's Christian Union, to succeed Mr. William H. Baldwin. He 
leaves the Boston Rubber Shoe Company July i, and assumes his 
new duties in September. — Noyes receives recognition of his ability 
as an educator in his appointment as temporary president of the 
Institute, — a distinction which comes to a graduate for the first time 
in the Institute's history. — Since June 3 the secretary has been at 
Rangeley, Me., looking after twenty-seven students of the Civil 
Engineering Department who are taking their summer course in 

News from the Classes 


[io8 Penn Mutual Building, Boston. 

The annual class dinner took place at the Copley Square Hotel 
on the evening of June 4. Members present: Sawyer, Holman, 
Blanchard, Baldwin, Williams, Snow, Runkle, Pierce, Sjostrom, 
Wood, Collins, and Gage, A. H. Sawyer was re-elected president. 
Plans were discussed for a field day in June, 1908, to celebrate the 
twentieth anniversary of the graduation of the class. At the Pop 
Concert where the class reassembled after the dinner, in addition to 
those mentioned above. Stone and Stetson were present. — E. S. 
Webster and family are spending the summer abroad. — On May i 
Binney moved his law office to 2 Rector Street, New York. He is 
associated with Messrs. Brickenstein and Ogden under the firm name 
of Binney, Brickenstein & Ogden. Judge Brickenstein, a Princeton 
man, was for about ten years presiding examiner in chief on the 
Board of Appeals in the Patent Office. Mr. Ogden, a Cornell man, 
also of Washington, has been associated with Binney for the past 
five years. Aside from his professional work, Binney's classmates 
will be interested to know of his participation in the ocean race to 
Bermuda in June in his 52-foot schooner, the "Mist," of which he 
was the navigating officer. The start was made from Gravesend 
Bay, New York, at 10.35 AM-t June 5. On June 11, at 12.36 p m., 
the "Mist." the smallest yacht in the first division, crossed the line 
in the harbor of Hamilton, Bermuda, having made a fine showing 
for a boat of her size.— Frank O. Stetson has resigned from the 
Weather Bureau, with which he has been connected for a number of 
years, and has become associated with Stone & Webster. He re- 
sides in Newton, Mass. — James S. Newton has become a resident of 
Chestnut Hill, Mass., having purchased an estate located near 
Boylston and Hammond Streets. — Other '88 men who reside in 
this attractive suburb are Webster, Bradlee, Baldwin, and Sabin. 

394 ^^^ Technology Review 


Prof. W. E. Mott, Sec.^ Mass. Inst, of Technology, Boston. 

Owing doubtless to the omission of the class dinner, the attend- 
ance of '89 men at the Pop was very small this )rear. But three 
men appeared. — Linzee is engaged upon plans for rebuilding the 
City Square station of the Boston Elevated Railroad. — ^Whipple has 
been appointed one of a board of consulting engineers to investigate 
and report upon a water supply for the city of Winnipeg, Canada. — 
H. L. Davis reports a quiet but strenuous life with the American 
Bridge Company, 42 Broadway, New York. — ^The secretary has 
received a few widely differing views in regard to the question of 
holding annual class dinners, and would be glad to hear from many 
more members of the class, both as to frequency and time of holding 
such dinners. His address from July 8 to August 17 will be care 
Columbia University, New York City. 

George L. Gilmore, Sec.^ Lexington, Mass. 

The following changes of address have been noted since the last 
issue of the Review: Mr. J. L. Batchelder, Jr., 10 Post-office 
Square, Delta Building, Boston. — Mr. F. L. Chase, 821 Columbus 
S. & T. Building, Columbus, Ohio. — Mr. N. G. Nims, 9 Living- 
stone Avenue, Yonkers, N.Y. — Mr. E. H. Brownell, Navy Yard, 
New York. — Mr. C. H. Alden, 604 Missouri Street, San Francisco, 
Cal. — Mr. B. H. Mann, 7th and Market Streets, St. Louis, Mo. — 
Mr. George W. Stone, who was a special in the class, is at 1753 Park 
Row, Washington, D.C. — Mr. Frank L. Packard, Hayden Building, 
Columbus, Ohio. — Mr. Cabot J. Morse, of Parker, Morse & Co., 
has recently returned from a tour of inspection of the Bingham Min- 
ing Camp. — Mr. Charles Hayden sailed for Europe April 27 for a 
short stay. — Mr. George A. Packard, who on the ist of January 
took charge of the Metallurgical Department of the State School of 

News from the Classes 395 

Mines at Rolla, Mo., has evidently made a good impression among 
the students as well as inalcing them toe the line, as the following 
notes which appeared in their annual Technique will show: — 

If in the future we fail "lo make good," 
Say not 'tis the joiner, but say 'tis the wood, 
We hold up our hands and swear by him still, 
Mr. Packard, our mentor, always has our good will. 

Your whiskers. Prof. Packard, are just a perfect love. 
But all the hair that you have there is needed up above. 

from t/it "Rotlamo." 
— From the Boston Herald, Feb, 5, 1907: — 

TTie action of Athetton Loring, of Brookline, vice-president of the Library 
Bureau, against Herbert E. Davidson, of Waiertown. president, and William 
E. Parker, of Newton, treasurer of the concern, for {350,000 damages for 
their alleged breach of contract with htm, was entered in the Superior Court 
{or Suffolk yesterday. 

He declares that he became associated with them in 1897 for the control 
and management of the Library Bureau, a corporation of this State, and 
that he bought {25,000 of its stock. He claims that, under personal agree- 
ments made with him, he became entitled to receive from their holdings 
4,500 shares of the common stoct of the Library Bureau, a New Jersey 
corporation, which succeeded the Massachusens corporation in the business. 
He alleges that they have failed to give him those shares. 
— George E. Hale has recently received the honorary degree of 
D.Sc. from the University of Manchester, England. He has been 
on a flying trip from Mt. Wilson, Pasadena, to the continent to 
attend the meeting of the Solar Union at Pans, and the meeting 
of International Association of Academies at Vienna. 

Prof. W, A. Johnston, Sec, Mass. Inst, of Tech., Boston. 

The fifteenth annual dinner of the class was held at the Copley 
Square Hotel, June 4. The following men were present: Chase, 
C. H., Curtin, Derr. Fairfield, Fuller, Hall, Heywood, Johnston. 

396 The Technology Review 

Kales, Locke, Manley, Park, Pettee, Pierce, Potter, Sargent, Skinner. 
The following officers were elected for the ensuing year: president, 
Leonard Metcalf; vice-presidents, John A. Curtin, J. Scott Parrish;. 
secretary-treasurer, William A. Johnston; assistant secretary- 
treasurer, Lewis P. Cody. After the dinner about one hour was 
spent in listening to brief statements of some of the experiences 
that the different men have had since leaving the Institute. Kales, 
who has not visited the Institute since his graduation, presided as 
toastmaster. In response to the secretary's request for a written 
statement from the men who could not be present at the dinner^ 
some of the replies are as follows : Andrew K. Robertson, of Glas- 
gow, writes: — 

Sorry I cannot be present, but Boston is a long way off from Glasgow. 
I have no news about myself which would interest you at present, at least 
I can think of none. Hope to have something interesting soon. 

— W. H. Wooiindale, of North Adams, writes: — 

It was my intention to be with you on the 4th, . . . but ... I have been 
obliged to defer my visit to some future date. However, I have done the 
next best thing, and allowed my assistant to attend his class's tenth 
celebration. . . . Please present my regards to all hands, and remember me 
panicularly to any of the chemical crowd who may be present, and, 
wishing you all a grand and glorious old time, I am, etc. 

P.S. — ^The past five years I have been with the Arnold Print Works, 
and that means work. 

— Albert A. Pollard, whose address is 1620 Chemical Building, Su 
Louis, Mo., writes: — 

It gives me rare pleasure to hear from Tech. Although we hear of it 
often in St. Louis, and there are many Tech men of the State, I know of 
none in St. Louis save two in our office and one in our building, and only 
two others in the State, both at Kansas City. 

I am with Mauran, Russell & Garden, architects, and am glad of this 
experience in the Middle West. It seems a good one for whatever is likely 
to follow. 

I would thank you to put me in way of local Tech news and men. Please 
say my word of greeting to any '92 men who may inquire for me. 

News from the Classes 


— Frederick L. Rhodes, who is engineer with the American Tele- 
phone and Telegraph Company, writes, en route, via New Yoric 
Central, Boston & Albany, and Michigan Central Railroads: — 

tes from Richmond, Va. :- 

Am sorty that a "hike" to Chicago will prevent n 
the rest of the fellows at the das 

— J. Scott Parrish \ 

I greatly regret th: 
for me Co be present at the fifteenth 
Tlie fact is, 1 am this year playing the pai 
and between balls, highballs, and baseball: 

P.S. — If an tnventoty is taken of the childi 
girl six years and a boy eight months. 

— Francis Walker, who is a special examiner. Bureau of Corpora- 
tions, Department of Commerce and Labor, writes: — 

; from seeing you and 

it will be impossible 
meeting and dinner, 
real Virginia colonel, 
kept very busy at all 

me credit for two, — a 

I am sorry that I ( 
reunion, as I shouh 
keep track of them, I 
coming to Washingti 
through thi 
bunch. 1 
tribute in the way of 
and after spending 

lot get away from my work here to attend the class 
joy very much meeting my classmates again. I 
ever, as well as I can, through the Review. Since 
I have been brought into close touch with M. I. T. 
society, but 1 believe I am the only '92 man in the 
I'e I have anything especially interesting to con- 
ws. I quit the academic life about 6ve years ago, 
little over a year in Germany, studying the combines. 


especially the coal syndicate on which I 
United States, and continued my studies along th< 
States undet the Bureau of Corp< 
"What's the use of busting the trusi 
1 fancy that is the general complaini 
the trusts or not, 1 leave to one side, b 
that we are doing our little darndest 
the government gave me a little five 

with thi 

I returned to the 
In the United 
The poet has complained 
if the trusts won't stay bust ?" and 
Whether it is our business to bust 
can assure any one that is interested 
get the facts. About two years ago 
onths' trip to Europe ii 

which took n 

and the Balkar 

about ten European 

of the McCavF Manufacturing Company, 

398 The Technology Review 

Many thanks for your note of the 3d inst. A few months after leaving 
Tech, I interested some New York and local capital in the building of the 
McCaw Manufacturing Company, which concern is engaged in the manu- 
facture of different products from cotton-seed, such as laundiy soaps, 
compound lard, plantene (similar to cottolene), and crude cotton-seed oil 
as well as the various grades of refined oil. We have a little over a million 
and a half dollars invested in the business, and distribute our goods through- 
out the United States east of the Mississippi River, and our refined oil 
throughout Europe. I find the business exceedingly interesting, as it is only 
a comparatively few years ago when the cotton-seed were throvm away as 
being of no value. The future prospects of the business are almost unlimited, 
as the products are of such a nature that you can ship them almost any^ 

— F. H. Meserve, who is connected with the commission house of 
Deering, Milliken & Co. of New York, writes: — 

I have for the last fourteen years been connected with a New York 
commission house in the manufacture and sale of woollens and cottons, 
and am treasurer and director of several woollen mills in New England. 

I am married, and have two girls, six and three years old. I am a mem- 
ber of the Military Order Loyal Legion and the Quill Club of New York. 

— J. P. Lyons, who is at Hanover, Conn., writes: — 

Answering your personal appeal for a letter to be read at the annual '92 
dinner regarding the work I have been doing during the five years just past.* — 

The first two years of that time were spent in the estimating department 
of the American Car and Foundry Company at New York. The work 
was similar to that in every office of that nature, — figuring stresses to such 
an extent as may be necessary to determine size of members, preparation 
of a small scale plan elaborate enough to fix the different pieces of material 
in the car and to scale their lengths, writing the estimate (which consists 
•f an itemized list of everything entering into the complete car), wriung the 
summary sheet which shows the total quantity of each kind of material, 
its price and total cost of material in the complete car, estimated cost of 
labor, and a charge for general expense and delivery, finally the total cost 
of the car to the company, which serves as a basis for determining 
the selling price. Inasmuch as the railroad companies are making every 
effort to reduce the dead weight of their trains, and inasmuch as the work 

News from the Classes 


possible time. It offered splendid 
ig skill and ingenuity in the prepa- 
r-thinking brain in the preparation 

usually had to be done in the shorte 
opportunity for the exercise of engines 
ration of the designs and of a quick, cl 
of the estimate itself. 

For the last three years 1 have been working on a farm here in Hanover. 
The work is nothing different from that usually found on a place that keeps 
six milch cows, one yearling heifer, three horses, one two-year-old colt, and 
from seventy-five to one hundred chickens. However, I will say that, if 
there is any truth :n the saying that "variety is the spice of life," the fanners 
do not have to depend on the isles of the sea for the wherewithal to season 
their food. They get it in sufficiently large quantities from the variety in 
their daily work. To have seven or eight jobs In one day is by no means 
uncommon, and, when one realizes that the chores have to he done on 
Sunday as well as on other days of the week, in addition to an opportunity 
to drive to the village to attend two sessions of two hours each at the church, 
returning for dinner between the two, it is not hard to see that the farmer 
not only obtains his seasoning, but his rest also from his various activities. 

It has been my fortune to do the peddling, as we call it, for nearly a year, 
and, as our customers comprise Americans, Scotch, Irish, French, Germans, 
Swedes, and Polanders, you can imagine 1 have had an experience the 
Department of Languages would do well to envy. If Professor Luquiens, 
Dr. Dippold, or Professor Van Dael, could listen to my "Parlez-vous fran- 
5ais f" and "Sprechen Sie Deutsch f" they would feel sure that the modem 
languages I received some seventeen or eighteen years ago did not rest 

very heavily on my mind, for my 
usually end in a resort to the prii 

n young n 

speaking the foreign language 
:ive method of communication; namely, 
say, is usually effective so far as selling 
all, is what language is for, anyway. 
and women, mill hands, who probably 
never attended school a day after the age of fourteen was reached, when the 
Connecticut State law allows children to work in the shops, and whose 
parents can scarcely make themselves understood in English, speak our 
language as fluently and with as correct an accent as any native-hom Ameri- 
can. I wonder if American boys and girls, if placed under similar condi- 
tions in France or Germany, would make as good a showing in learning thf 
foreign language as do the foreigners who come here. 

400 The Technology Review 


Frederic H. Fay, Sec.^ 60 City Hall, Boston. 

Life, enthusiasm, and good-fellowship prevailed at the annual 
dinner of the class at the Hotel Brunswick on the evening of Com- 
mencement Day, June 4. President Pritchett, honorary member 
of the class, and Bursar Rand, who became a member by adoption 
at the Tech reunion, were our guests, and, while there was no formal 
speaking, both of these members contributed much to the enjojrment 
of the evening. One other honorary member, Fred Parker Emery, 
who taught us English in our Freshman and Sophomore years, and 
who was the most popular instructor of the class in our whole col- 
lege course, was, unfortunately, unable to leave his work at Dart- 
mouth to come to the dinner; but, in his letter of regret which was 
read at the table, he says, "Please tell any classmates who may 
chance to inquire for me that my heart still beats true to M. I. T., 
particularly to its spirit as embodied in the class of '93/' — Plans for 
the celebration of our fifteenth anniversary, next year, were freely 
discussed, and it was voted that another catalogue of the class be 
published in 1908. Henry Morss, our first vice-president, and Sam 
Braman could not be present, owing to the fact that the following 
morning they were to sail from New York on Morss's schooner 
yacht "Dervish," in the ocean race to Bermuda; but Morss's loyalty 
was proven by a check (with amount left blank) which he sent for 
use in the entertainment of the class at the dinner. Just how much 
the result of the race was influenced by the several toasts that were 
drunk to his success cannot be proven; but, at any rate, in due time 
the "Dervish" won, and once more '93 "led all the rest." (How- 
ever, as Kipling says, that's another story, and will be told else- 
where.) At about half-past eight the class adjourned to the Tech 
Night Pop Concert at Symphony Hall, where, as usual, beneath 
'93 's historic orange and black banner we had the honor of escorting 
the President, and the Bursar as well, upon the floor. The class 
officers were re-elected as follows : Leo W. Pickert, president; 

News from the Classes 


Henry A. Morss and George B. Glidden, vice-presidents; Frederic 
H. Fay, secretary-treasurer; Grosvenor T. Blood, assistant secretary. 
Besides Dr. Pritchett and Bursar Rand the following members 
were present at the dinner or the Pop, or both: Bemis. S. A. Breed, 
Blood, E. B. Carney, Cook, Dawes, Fay, Glidden, Hopewell, 
Howland, Keith, F. B. Kendall, Latham, W. B. Page, PicLert, 
J. H. Reed, Reynolds, Sayward, Tucker, Wilson, Wingate, — ■ 
Franklin G. Ashton is the south-western agent of the Union Switch 
and Signal Company at 544 Frisco Building, St, Louis, Mo. — Frank 
S. Badger is first assistant engineer of the Compania de Agua y 
Drenaje de Monterey, S.A., his business address being Apatardo 
291, Monterey, Mexico. — George S. Barrows is connected with the 
Kansas City Gas Company, his office being at 910 Grand Avenue, 
Kansas City, Mo. — James C. Boyd is mechanical engineer with 
Westinghouse, Church, Kerr Co., 10 Bridge Street, New York 
City- — Charles E. Buchholz is engaged in the wholesale coal busi- 
ness at Watertown, Jefferson County, N.Y.— Dale Bumstead is lo- 
cated at 1523 Masonic Temple, Chicago, as manager of the E. I. 
du Pont de Nemours Powder Company, of which Connable 
of '93, is general manager. Bumstead lives at 170 North Taylor 
Avenue, Oak Park, III. — Frank L. Connable is general manager 
of the E. I. du Pont de Nemours Powder Company at Wilmington, 
Del. — Courtland R. Darrow has recently been appointed highway 
commissioner of New London, Conn. — Samuel D. Dodge, assistant 
engineer with the Board of Water Supply of New York, is located 
at Co rn wa 1 1-0 n -the- Hudson, N.Y. — James A. Emery, vice-president 
and general manager of the Birmingham (Alabama) Railway, Light, 
and Power Company, was visiting friends in Boston and vicinity 
in June. — Clarence D. Gilchrist is the supply agent of the Pittsburg 
& Lake Erie Railroad Company at Pittsburg, Pa, Gilchrist's home 
address is Parkersburg, W. Va. — John Fred Hinckley and Mrs, 
Emilie Louise Lodge, of New York, were married at Brooklyn on 
the l+th of June. Mr. and Mrs. Hinckley will reside at 550 East 
Seventh Street, Brooklyn, N.Y. — Frederic Hale Keyes and Miss 
Annie Claflin Ellis, daughter of Mrs. Charles Warren Ellis, of 
Newtonville, Mass., were married on Thursday, June 27, — Waller 



402 The Technology Review 

W. Patch, constructing engineer with the United States Reclamation 
Service, is at present located at Orman, Butte County, S. Dak. — 
Charles M. Taylor is draughtsman in the Bureau of Construction 
and Repairs at the Charlestown Navy Yard, Boston. Tajdor's 
home address is 363 North Street, East Weymouth, Mass. — ^The 
engagement is announced of Miss Lavina Burton, of Arlington 
Heights, Mass., to Winthrop Parker Tenney, of Brookline. — Henry 
Morss, commodore of the Corinthian Yacht Club of Marblehead, 
in his schooner yacht "Dervish," won the ocean race from New 
York to Bermuda, which was started June 5. The yachts of the 
first class which were racing for the cup offered by the rear com- 
modore of the New Rochelle Yacht Club were the " Priscilla, 
"Dervish," "Zuhrah," "Shamrock," "Tammany," "Zinita, 
"Isolt," and "Mist." Morss and Sam Braman, '93, were the navi- 
gators of the " Dervish," and the behavior of the boat is shown by 
the following extracts taken from the account of the race pub- 
lished in the Boston Transcript: — 

Hamilton, Bermuda, June 10. — Commodore H. A. Morss's schooner 
yacht " Dervish " was the first of the yacht racers from New York to arrive 
here. She crossed the finish line off St. David's Head at 6.25 o'clock yes- 
terday morning, having made the passage from Gravesend Bay, where the 
race was started, in 3 days, 18 hours, and 25 minutes. "Hyperion," Rear 
Commodore Frank Maier's new yawl, finished at 2.51 o'clock yesterday 
afternoon. Her passage was even more remarkable than that of the "Der- 
vish." She made the journey in 4 days, 4 hours, and 16 minutes. She is 
only 49 fett long, while the "Dervish" is 83 feet in length, and, according 
to the system of time allowance used in the race, the "Dervish" would 
have had to allow 25 hours and 30 minutes to the "Hyperion" if they had 
been sailing in the same class. "Hyperion" had hardly arrived in the 
harbor when the yawl "Lila," owned by R. D. Floyd, was sighted. She 
finished at 6.25 o'clock, having made the voyage in 4 days, 7 hours, and 50 
minutes. She gets an allowance of 6 hours and 45 minutes from the "Hy- 
perion," so she beats that yacht by 3 hours and 11 minutes. "Dervish" 
crossed the starting line in Gravesend Bay at 10.36.05 on Wednesday, 
the starting gun having sounded at 10.35. "Hyperion," with Commodore 
Frank Maier at the wheel, led the fleet, and "Dervish" was the second 
boat. She stood over to the south-west spit, and then tacked and passed 

News from the Classes 


oat by the Hook ar noon, wdl in rhe "Shamrock" at that time was 
doing well, and before sundown was in second place, but some three miles 
to leeward of ihe "Dervish." The wind was from the south-east, and it 
held from that quarter all night. Commodore Morss acted as his own 
navigator, and, as the wind was ahead, he did some fine plotting, and by 
noon on Thursday had left Sandy Hook 162 miles behind. The yacht by 
that time had a quartering wind, and was travelling fast. She struck the 
Gulf Stream on Thursday afternoon at z.15 o'clock, Commodore Morss 
electing to take it where it came in his voyage and not keeping down until 
ofF Cape Haneras to cross. The wind held steadily, and on Friday shifted 
(o north-west, still being favorable, and for a while "Dervish" carried a 
square sail. In the twenty-four hours ending Friday noon, the yacht made 
233 miles, which shows how she was travelling. In the next twenty-four 
hours, ending at noon on Saturday, she made 131 miles, and then Com- 
modore Morss and his friends began to think that they might get into Ham- 
ilton on Sunday if the wind held. All Saturday afternoon the yacht did 
well, and by midnight she was only about fifty miles from the finishing line. 
The men on the watch were keeping a good lookout, and at 3.30 o'clock in 
the morning St. David's Head was sighted, and all hands knew that the 
race was nearly over. The arrival of the " Dervish " took the local yachts- 
men by surprise. They had not expected that the racers would reach here 
so soon, and there was no stake-boat out to mark the hnlsh. The red, green, 
red night signals on "Dervish" were seen in the light-house on St. David's 
Head, but even then it was impossible to get the judges out at the finishing 
line on time, but they were there almost as soon as " Dervish," and gave 
a rousing welcome to Commodore Morss, his guests and crew. " Dervish " 
was towed into Hamilton Harbor, and hundreds of craft of all sizes turned 
out To greet her, and the piers and shores were lined with men and women 
who cheered incessantly as the yacht was taken to moorings off the Royal 
Bermuda Yacht Club. 

Prof. S. C, Prescott, S«., Mass. Inst, of Technology, Boston. 

F. P. McKibbei 
engineering depai 

accepted a position as head of the civil 
at Lehigh University, South Bethlehem, 
i new duties in the fall. The Brown and 

404 The Technology Review 

WhiUy the college paper at Lehigh, printed the following account 
of McKibben and his activities in a recent number: — 

Professor Frank P. McKibben, of the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology, has been appointed professor of civil engineering, in charge of 
the department, in place of Professor Mansfield Merriman, who has resigned 
after a record of twenty-eight years' service. 

Professor McKibben 's experience as an engineer gives assurance that 
the work of our great engineering school will be continued on its past high 
plane of efficiency. He studied at the University of Arkansas for three 
years before entering the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, from which 
institution he graduated in 1894, with the degree of B.S. in civil engineering. 
Since graduation he has been teaching in the department of civil engi- 
neering of the Insdtute, and in addition has been engaged in engineering 
practice, mostly in connection with the designing and construction of bridges, 
buildings, and various other structures. He has had experience with several 
bridge companies, and for two years was assistant engineer of the Boston 
Elevated Railway Company. In 1901 he was made assistant engineer of 
the Massachusetts Railroad Commission, a posidon which he has held since 
that date, and from 1902 to 1907 was librarian of the Boston Society of 
Civil Engineers. At present he is associate professor of civil engineering 
in the Insdtute of Technology. He is a member of the American Society 
of Civil Engineers, of the American Society for Testing Materials, of the 
American Society for the Promorion of Engineering Education, and of the 
Boston Society of Civil Engineers. 

— R. H. Ober, who was with the class in its first year at the Insdtute, 
was recently heard from. He is connected with the Chicago, Mil- 
waukee & St. Paul Railway Company of Washington, and is the 
engineer of the Columbia River Bridge. It is very pleasant to hear 
from the fellows in this way, and to learn of their professional work. 
— C. D. Pollock has been elected secretary of the Municipal Engi- 
neers of New York, also president of the Brooklyn Engineers' Club. 
These duties, combined with his work in charge of all paving con- 
tracts for Brooklyn, keep him from having many idle moments. — 
A. R. Mackay has returned to Montreal, and his address is Royal 
Insurance Building. — J. H. Parker is practising architecture at 20 
Beacon Street, Boston. — D. C. Chaffee is also practising architect- 
ure at 600 Equitable Building, Louisville, Ky. — F. A. Schiertz is pro- 

fessor of chemistry and metallurgy in the Montana School of Mines, 
a position for which his varied and very successful mining experience 
has admirably fitted him. — Two other of the architects who have 
recently been heard from are C. G. French, of 191 Genesee Street, 
Udca, N.Y.. and A. S. Gottlieb, who has an office at 156 Fifth Ave- 
nue, New York. — T. O. Barnard is located at 10 Post-ofEce Square, 
Boston. — One of the New York agricultural papers gave recently 
a very full and appreciative account of the large estate at Pinehurst, 
N.C., owned and operated by Tufts. The dairy industry that he 
has established there is a model, and has been the subject of much 
favorable comment all through the country. — F. Drake was heard 
from not long ago at Bisbee, Ariz,, where he was engaged on some 
professional work. Drake's office is at 804 Tacoma Building, 
Chicago. — Two marriages of interest lo '94 men have recently taken 
place. F. W. Lovejoy was married on Tuesday, June 18, to Miss 
Florence Isabel Fuller, of Springfield. They will live at Rochester, 
N.Y., where Lovejoy is general manager of the Kodak Park works 
of the Eastman Kodak Company. — N. H. Janvrin was married on 
Thursday, June 20, to Miss Avis Genevieve Grimes, of Franconia, 
N.H. Janvrin is connected with the Department of Water Supply, 
dealing especially with the new great water supply of Greater New 
York, with headquarters at Peekskill. — The class dinner was held 
at the Nottingham on Tuesday evening, June 4. The attendance 
was smaller than for several years past, but nine members of the 
class being present. Those attending were McKibben, Claflin, 
Beardsell, Spalding, Lawrence, Moore, Day, Breed, and Prescott. 
Notwithstanding the small attendance a pleasant hour was passed, 
and greetings with '96 were exchanged. At eight o'clock the diners 
went to Symphony Hall, where they were joined by a half-dozen 
other members who were not able to get to the dinner because of 
other engagements. — W. F. Spalding has returned to Boston as a 
member of the firm of Collins, Spalding & Co., 10 Post-office Square, 
dealers in investment securities. — H. S. Duckworth, after twelve 
years as chemist for the Cocheco Company at Dover, N.H., has 
become superintendent of the Hamilton Print Works at Lowell. — 
Dr. W. H. Sayward, Jr., is in charge of the Dublin Chemical and 


4o6 The Technology Review 

Pathological Laboratory at Dublin, N.H., for the summer. — ^The 
secretary received a letter from G. H. Anderson, assistant super- 
intendent of blast furnaces at the Maryland Steel Company, 
Sparrow's Point, Md., about the time of the class dinner. Anderson 
has had a very interesting career, having been for the past two years 
at Homestead, Pa., and previous to that in other steel centres in 
the United States, and often quite out of reach of the secretary. — 
A letter from G. N. Leiper bears the heading "Plymouth Stock 
Farm, Pljrmouth Meeting, Pa.** The letter reports a very busy 
season in this line of experimental work. — ^The secretary an- 
nounces with regret the death of F. H. Murkland at New Bed- 
ford on Jan. 4, 1907. — B. E. Holden has an office at 141 7 Railway 
Exchange, Chicago. — L. T. Cutter is at present attached to the 
revenue cutter "Apache" at Baltimore, Md. — S. C. Prescott has 
recently been elected a trustee of Sanborn Seminary, a prepara- 
tory school at Kingston, N.H. 

Harold K. Barrows, Acting Sec, 6 Beacon Street, Boston. 

R. N. Wheeler has been appointed a division engineer upon the 
Northern Aqueduct Department of the New York Board of Addi- 
tional Water Supply. His headquarters will be at 42 Market Street, 
Poughkeepsie, N.Y. — Miller reports change of address to 146 
Franklin Street, Boston. — G. A. Cutter is at Wells, Me. — M. M. 
Wheeler is chief engineer of the Kentucky Midland Railroad, with 
headquarters at Central City, Ky. — Stock is at Chicago, 1440 Edge- 
comb Place, Buena Park. — ^W. S. Richardson is at 1605 5th Avenue, 
New York City. — C. F. Johnson is also in New York at 42 East 
20th Street. — Dr. Fernald reports change of address to 1245 King's 
Highway Street, St. Louis, Mo. — Badgley is now at Seattle, Wash., 
P.O. Box 3. — D. P. Hart is in New York at 67 West 94th Street.— 
Phillips is at Chicago, 16 15 Ashland Block. — Eveleth reports change 
of address to 120 Boylston Street, Boston. — Barrows has opened an 

News from the Classes 407 

office at 6 Beacon Street, Boston, for practice and consultation in 
civil engineering, specializing along the lines of water power, 
water supply, and water purification. He will still give some time 
to the woric of the United States Geological Survey, principally in 
the States of Maine and New York. — '95 held its annual meeting and 
dinner on June + at the American House. There were present 
President E. A. Tucker, Vice-President A. C. Jones, and the follow- 
ing members of the class: Tiliinghast, Shepard, Thomas, Hurd, 
F. A. Bourne, and Eveleth. Owing to the few present at the dinner, 
it was decided to hold the class meeting at the "Pops" later in the 
evening, where the following men joined the class: Loring, Parker, 
Rhodes, Lawrence, Newell, Rockwell, and Jackson. At this meet- 
ing Hurd, Rockwell, and Thotnas were appointed a nominating 
committee, and reported the following nominations for class officers 
for the ensuing year: president, F. A. Bourne; first vice-president, 
C. F. Eveleth; second vice-president, R. R. Lawrence; secretary 
and treasurer, A. D. Fuller; and they were unanimously elected to 
serve. The class dinner was a very successful one, and the usual 
amount of enthusiasm was displayed later in the evening at the 
Pop. — Following is a letter addressed to Dean Burton under 
date of May 10, 1907, from Francois E, Matthes. 

Waiuihston. D.C., M17 10, 19CT7. 

Thank you for yout kind words of appreciation. The Bright Angel sheet 
was done so long ago that, in comparison with my latest work in the Yo- 
semiie Valley, it has, at least to me, a somewhat archaic look. As you prob- 
ably realize, the engravers might have done better. I am at present engaged 
in seeing through the second Grand Canyon sheet, tlie Vishnu Quadrangle. 
The "Yosemite Special" was completed last fall, and is also in the hands of 
the engraver. It is a much more spectacular affair thah the Gtand Canyon 
sheets, there being exceptional diversity and contrast among the topogtaphic 
forms about the Valley. Also, it is a study in rock-siructure as much as in 

I am at present inspector of topographic surveys. It may afford you 
pleasure to learn that, of the three inspectors provided for in the new organi- 
zation of the Topographic Branch of the United States Geological Survey, 
two are former pupils of yours, Mr. William M. Beaman and myself. The 
inspectors constitute a body of experts who act in an advisory capacity to 

4o8 The Technology Review 

the section chiefs, and at the same time inspect the quality of the field-work 
and instruct the individual workers, in the field as well as in the office. So 
you see, in a way, I am teaching, after alL My particular field is the Far 
West, ^m the Rocky Mountains front to the Pacific, the country of my 
choice. I expect to stan on my first round in a few weeks, and probably 
will not return East until late in fall. If I get a chance then, I shall cer- 
tainly drop in at Tech once more. 

Edward S. Mansfield, Sec.^ 39 Bo]dston Street, Boston. 

The regular annual meeting of the class was held at the Hotel 
Nottingham on Tuesday evening, June 4, at which the secretary 
and treasurer's report was read and approved and the same officers 
re-elected for the coming year. After the meeting the class dinner 
was held at the same place. The fdlowing men were present: 
Hedge, H. R., Hedge, W. R., Heerman, Henry, Hersey, Hewett, 
Knight, Lythgoe, Maclachlan, Mansfield, Rockwell, Smith, H. E., 
Trout, Tucker. After the dinner the men marched up to Symphony 
Hall, where other '96 men joined the party. — On May 25, in New 
York City, Myron E. Pierce was married to Miss Blanche B. Coch- 
ran, of that place. They will reside at 73 Pinckney Street, Boston. — 
Merrill S. Wilcox is now living at 1 1 17 Columbus Avenue, Sandusky, 
Ohio. — Thomas T. Perkins wishes to be put on record as living at 
5 Essex Street, Cliftondale. — Douglas H. Thomas, Jr., of the firm 
of Parker & Thomas, architects of Boston and Baldmore, is repre- 
senring the firm at Union Trust Building, Baltimore, Md. — A. V. 
Shaw is superintendent of the Auburn Consolidated Gold Mining 
Company of Silverton, Col. — On July 2 Edward M. Bragg was 
married to Miss Helen E. Brooks, of Gloucester, Mass. — ^Word has 
just been received from Russell W. Porter, who is an architect in 
Port Clyde, Me. 

News from the Classes 



John a. Colling, Jr., Sec, 67 Thornton Street, Lawrence, Mass. 

The tenth anniversary of the graduation of the class was observed 
with much enthusiasm on the part of those who were in attendance 
at the various events. — At the alumni reception A. W. Jackson, 
whom all will remember as a star after-dinner speaker, presented 
the class of '07, in behalf of '97, with a night-cap and gown. This 
was to compensate in a way for the refusal of the Faculty to allow the 
graduating class to wear the conventional cap and gown. The gift 
made a great hitvrith'07. Those present were Hopkins, Burrill, 
Cowles, Smith, Jackson, Humphreys, and Collins. — As was stated in 
the circular letter, through the courtesy of C. W. Bradlee the class 
had the use of the Tedesco Country Club at Swampscoit on Monday 
and Tuesday of Commencement Week. Had the weather on Mon- 
day been fine, there would doubtless have been a goodly number 
present at the smoker on Monday evening. Dr. Tyler, Dr. Dewey, 
and others of the Faculty were to have come. By the vigorous 
use of the telephone there were finally corralled Hopkins, Norris, 
Ilsley. Bradlee. Jackson, H.D., Elson, Carter, Ho 
Collins, Fairbanks, and Bowen. The crowd took autc 
rode to Femcroft Inn, Danvers, and at ten o'clock Moi 
sat down to one of its famous fried chicken dinners. 
say, the evening was an enjoyable one. Returning to 
Club shortly after midnight, the majority of the men remained at the 
club-house, returning to Boston on Tuesday. — The class dinner on 
Tuesday evening at Hotel Thomdike was a great success, — in fact, 
the best that the class has ever had since graduation. This must be 
attributed to the presence of the ladies. So far as can be learned, 
this idea was a new one in the history of class reunions at Tech, and 
we can heartily recommend it to others. An excellent menu was 
served, and from six until nearly eight o'clock the dining-room was 
filled with jollity and merriment. Those who were present were; 
Mr. and Mrs. Fairbanks, Mr. and Mrs. Eames, Mr. and Mrs. Ilsley^ 

wes, Bi 




,d.y eve 



is to 

the Tedesco 

4IO Technology Review 

Mr. and Mrs. Boyd, Mr. and Mrs. Hopkins, Mr. and Mrs. Edmands, 
Mr. and Mrs. Collins, E. P. Bliss, Miss Bliss, N. C. Burrill and lady, 
E. R. Olin, Miss Goodwin, Wilfred Bancroft, Humphreys, Cowles, 
Pettee, Busby, Bradlee, Atwood, Howes, Carty, Swan, Elson, 
H. D. Jackson, A. W. Jackson, Norris, H. W. Smith, Taylor, Fuller. 
After the dinner everybody proceeded to the Pop, where '97 did 
her share in cheering, singing, and the practical investigation of 
internal lubrication. At the Pop every one was glad to see " Father" 
Borland, who had managed to escape from the government reser- 
vation at West Point. It was the first time he had met with the 
fellows since graduation. By clever work we managed to string the 
'97 banner from the upper balconies, where it hung for some time. — 
The secretary wishes to call the attention of those who have not 
paid the dues as yet that an assessment of $2 was called for. This 
may seem large, but there has been none for eight years, and the 
expenses will be heavy this year. — ^T. R. Weymouth, of Oil City, 
Pa., was married on June i to Miss Florence Lee Holtzman, of 
Washington, D.C. In the fall they will go to Europe, where Mrs. 
Weymouth will make her debut in grand opera. — Klaus J. Steiner 
is a member of the board of directors of the Treasury Tunnel 
Mines Corporation, Pittsburg. — Sheldon L. Howard is president 
of the United States Reference and Bond Association (Inc.), 427 
Drexel Building, Philadelphia. — Killam is chairman of board of 
selectmen, Reading, Mass. — ^W. O. Sawtelle is a graduate student 
at Harvard University. 

Prof. C.-E. A. Winslow, Sec, 157 Walnut Street, Brookline, Mass. 

The class of '98, as usual, celebrated the Commencement season 
merrily and well. Beginning with a joyous spread at the Technology 
Club, the celebration passed to the class dinner at the Brunswick, 
and thence to a service of song with appropriate cheering and some 
few interstices of music at the Pop. At a business meeting it was 
determined that a rousing celebration should be held next year at 

News from the Classes 


the decennial of the class, and that an effort should be made to 
bring back as many men as possible for that celebration. It was 
also determined that a class book should be issued of the nature of a 
directory, giving addresses and occupations, which should also 
record briefly the notable and remarkable achievements of the various 
members of the class. Both celebration and book were given over 
to the Class Committee with power to call for needed assistance. 
Subscriptions to the book are to be called for in advance of publica- 
'ay, if possible, with all advertising in 
1 turned out to the dinner, and were 
ore at the Pop. Major Bigelow, the 
of the class, was with us the latter part 

tion in an endeavor to do a 
the book. Twenty-four mi 
joined later by some ten i 
honored honorary member c 

of the evening. A telegram was sent, and threi 
to the absent secretary, Charles-Edward Amory Winslow, then on 
his wedding trip. "Pop" Coburn presided with his customary 
grace. Somewhere in the excitement of the evening the list of all 
those present disappeared, but Treat, Wing, Russell, Stevens, 
Curtis, Robinson, Godfrey, Dawes, Blanchard, Butcher, Clifford, 
Coombs, Danforth, Goodrich, Putnam, Richmond, were a part of 
the men present. Everybody at the dinner may be safely set down 
as having made one speech, but there were no formal remarks. In 
fact, quite the contrary. At the Pop a judicious observer could 
not have but remarked on the excellent coherence and power of the 
'98 cheering. Nine years out of college does not seem to have 
injured the lung capacity of the class in the least. Somewhere about 
eleven the final song was sung, the last cheer cheered, and '98's 
part in the 1907 celebration was ended. — Ulmer left the Arbuckle 
Company January i to become superintendent of the California & 
Hawaiian Sugar Refining Company at Crockett, Cal. — A. L. Davis 
is now manager of the crucible melting department at the Park 
Works of the Crucible Steel Company of America at Pittsburg. — 
Tietig and Lee have dissolved partnership. Lee is now practising 
at Home City, Ohio, and Tietig has an office at 2525 Observatory 
Road, Cincinnati.^ — ^ragg has just informed the secretary of the 
birth of a daughter, Lena Ernestine, on Oct. 7, 1906. — P. A. B. 
Richardson is now in the office of McKim, Mead & White, 160 

412 The Technology Review 

Fifth Avenue, New York. — Purdon is practising architecture at 
8 Beacon Street, Boston. — ^Webster is in the office of Lowell, '94^ 
1 128 Tremont Building, Boston. — ^Wooster is located at 361 Broad- 
way, New York. — Porter sends a new address, 16 13 Rodney Street, 
Wilmington, Del. — ^Twombly is now with the R. E. Dietz Com- 
pany, 60 Laight Street, New York. — H. I. Lord has been made 
general manager of the sales department of the Detroit Lubricator 
Company. His address is the Detroit Club, Detroit, Mich. — 
Snelling was married May 2 at Trinity Church, Concord, Mass., 
to Miss Eleanor G. Goodwin. The Rev. Samuel Snelling officiated, 
and Wlnslow was best man. — ^Winslow was married. May 21, to 
Miss Anne F. Rogers at Trinity Church, Boston. The officiating 
clergy were the Rev. Alexander Mann and the Rev. W. H. Van 
Allen. Snelling was best man, and Gardner was one of the ushers. — 
Mills has been elected secretary and treasurer of the Aldine Press, 
with an office at 627 ^^therspoon Building, Philadelphia. His 
home address is Audubon, N.J. — Coburn has been made secretary 
of the M. E. Ambursen Hydraulic Construction Company. — ^J. T. 
Robinson announces the birth of a daughter, Prudence, on January 
8, 1907. — Dawes has been recently elected a director of the Worcester 
Elearical Contraaors' Association. He has also been appointed 
sergeant of Company M, 5th Regiment, M. V. M. — Parker has 
returned to the East as advertising manager of the £. T. Burrowes 
Company. His address will be 490 Forest Avenue, Portland, Me. — 
Goldsmith has been elected superintendent of the Board of Public 
Works at North Andover, Mass. He announces the birth of a son, 
William Gleason, 2d, born Feb. 7, 1907. — Allyn's second daughter 
was born July 15, 1906. He has moved his New York office to 16 
Exchange Place, and has opened a branch office at Waterbury 
Conn. — Goddard writes : — 

Twin boys arrived Dec. i, 1906. They are now six months old, fat, 
and '* sassy." I am still planning, in spite of this, to be around for the 
doings of June, 1908. 

— Coombs has been appointed New England manager of the Atlantic 
Terra Cotta Company, the largest manufacturers of terra-cotta in 

News from the Classes 413 

Sie world. — Franklin is superintending chemist with the William 
Campbell Wall Paper Company of Hackensack, N.J. — Thompson 
was made assistant professor of electro-chemistry at the May meet- 
ing of the Corporation of the Institute. — Weimer sends the following 
list of offices held: president Weimer Machine Works Company, 
president Weimer Chain and Nut Company, president Lebanon 
Reduction Company, president Lebanon Poultry Association, pres- 
ident Perseverance Fire Engine Company, and mayor of the city of 
Lebanon- Small wonder that he adds, "Too busy this year to get 
to Boston." — Lacy completed in March, the piers for the Tennessee 
River Bridge, a work involving the use of 11,000 cubic yards of 
concrete. — Tew is manager of the Consolidated Pneumatic Tool 
Company for Scotland, and his permanent address is 55 Waterloo 
Street, Glasgow. — Fiske has been appointed first reader of the First 
Church of Christ, Scientist, at Providence, R.L 

^V Hervey J. Skinner, Sec, 93 Broad Street, Boston, Mass. 

The annual dinner and meeting of the class was held at the Hotel 
Westminster on the evening of Commencement, June 4. The 
following men were present: T. W, Bailey, A. H. Brown, Corse, 
Eaton, Kingman, J. E, Lewis, Mork, Rickards, Sheak, Sherrill, 
Skinner, Tufts, and Whitney. At the business meeting preceding 
the dinner Mork, Sherrill, and Eaton were elected to the Advisory 
Council for the coming year. After the dinner the class adjourned 
to Symphony Hall, and joined in the usual celebration of Tech night 
at the Pop. At the hall the number was increased by Hamburger, 
Richmond, Stebbins, and Witherell. — Members of the class were 
easily distinguishable by the large white chrysanthemums worn by 
each member. These were furnished them through the courtesy 
of W. A. Kingman, who exercises chemical control over their manu- 
facture. — Corse and family, of Detroit, were in Boston for about a 
week at Commencement time. His many friends were glad to see 

414 The Technology Review 

him after an absence of six years. He is assistant superintendent 
of the Detroit Lubricator Company, and one of the few men who 
have made a study of brass foundry work from the chemical stand- 
point. Corse was recently elected vice-president of the American 
Brass Founders' Association, a new organization just formed in 
Philadelphia, and which corresponds to the American Foundry- 
men's Association for the iron industries. — Doctorate Disputation 
held Monday, May 27, 1907, at the George Washington University: 
Frederick Warren Grover, B.S. '99, M. I. T., M.S. 1901, Wesleyan 
University. Thesis, "The Simultaneous Measurement of the 
Capacity of Power Factor of Condensers." — Cards were recently 
received from A. R. Holliday announcing his association with the 
National Concrete Company of Indianapolis. Holliday was for- 
merly with the Pennsylvania Railroad as engineer, maintenance of 
way. — Phelps was appointed assistant professor of research in 
chemical biology at the Institute this spring. He is the first '99 
man to reach the distinction of being a member of the Faculty. — 
Pray was chief marshal of the Dorchester Day parade on June 8. 
He is a lieutenant in the Massachusetts Naval Brigade. Our other 
military man, Morse, of the regular army, has been in Boston re- 
cently on a leave of absence from his station at Fortress Monroe, 
Va. — There occurred on June 20, at All Souls' Unitarian Church, 
Washington, D.C., a double wedding, in which Miss Kate Tindall, 
daughter of Dr. William Tindall, secretary of the commissioners of 
the District of Columbia, became the wife of Edwin F. Samuels, 
while the brother of the bride was married to Miss Browning, of 
Washington. The event was distinguished by unusual incidental 
beauty of appointment and an elaborate musical program, and 
was followed by a reception at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Browning. 
Mr. and Mrs. Samuels will be at hom^ after September i at Roland 
Park, Baltimore. — F. A. Watkins was married June 4 to Miss Elsie 
Langdon Crane, of Summit, N.J. The ceremony took place at 
the home of the bride's mother at Summit, and was attended by a 
brilliant assemblage from Summit and Elizabeth, the latter place 
being the bride's former home. Watkins is located in New York 
with the Telephone Sales Department of the Western Electric Com- 

News from the Classes 

pany. Mr. and Mrs. Watkins will make their home in Sui 
where a new house has been furnished for ihem. 

H. E. Osgood, Sec, 32-44 Pearl Street, New York, N.Y. 

At the class dinner, held at the Lenox at 6 p.m., Tuesday, June 
4, the following men showed up: Fitch, Sears {all the way from 
Mexico), Chalmers, Stearns, Kattclle, Burnham, Walworth, Went- 
worth. Remington, Briggs, A. B. Jennings, Osgood, and Wastcoat. 
After the dinner was over, the nominating committee reported the 
election of H. E, Osgood (II.) as secretary, Joe Draper (IX.) as vice- 
secretary, and Walworth, Kattelle, and Gibbs as executive com- 
mittee for the coming year. Fitch, Stearns, and Briggs were ap- 
pointed nominating committee for the coming year. At the Pop 
we were reinforced by Gibbs, Leamard, Constantine, Draper, 
Hapgood, GraiF, and Wyman. — As stated in the class letter, the 
retiring secretary is now located at 100 William Street, New 
York City; and, as he has a chair in his office for visitors, he 
would be glad to have any of the fellows drop in and see him. — 
Withcrell (XI.) was reported as being in Boston this spring. The 
Pennsylvania air and married life evidently agree with the doctor, 
as he weighs over two hundred, and looks, as one of his old 
chums said, "like a director in a Nipissing mining company." About 
a year ago he left the American Water Works and Guarantee Com- 
pany to become assistant chief engineer of the Pennsylvania State 
Board of Health. His work in that connection has been the investi- 
gation of numerous typhoid outbreaks. His labors in that direaion 
were eminently successful, and he was very urgently requested by 
many prominent men of the State to continue in ofiice, but after a 
year's service resigned to return to his former company, where he is 
nowemployedas their chief engineer. — F. I. Tucker, who is a brother- 
in-law of H. D. Leamard, is located in the Virginia Mountains, at 
Big Stone Gap, where he is superintendent of coke ovens at a coal 

4i6 The Technology Review 

mine. He is married, and has a little boy and girl. — Leamard is 
still at his same old place in Boston, 185 Devonshire Street, with 
the S. W. Fuller Company. — Brooks, Z. M., who came to Tech 
from Yale, and was in our class, is now located in Schenectady, 
N.Y., with the General Electric Company. He writes that he 
is not able to get down this year, but plans to get to Boston next 
year and 1909. He is one of the married men in our list — Zeigler 
(H.), writes that he will certainly be on deck in 1909, and Davis, 
C. T., that he is living out at New Rochelle, N.Y., and is con- 
nected with the New York Central. — Perry, out in Grand Rapids, 
writes: — 

When in Chicago about the first of March, I had the pleasure of attending 
the alumni dinner there, and met C. M. Leonard, £. H. Davis, A. S. Merrill, 
and F. D. Chase, and we made as much noise as any of the classes. In 
Indianapolis, a few days later, I took lunch with Charles M. Fosdick, and 
just yesterday Frederick C. Ayres, who was with our course for several years, 
came in to see me. He is now located in Detroit. It seems very pleasant 
to get in touch with some of the Tech boys again, and I would be veiy 
glad to get together in a class reunion some time, and compare notes with 
the rest of you. 

— Leonard, in the "wild and woolly" Chicago, says: — 

It is with a great deal of regret that I have to say that I am wifeless, hair- 
less, childless, — in fact, have not even a good, friendly dog. 

Sincerely trust that the average of the class will help out my poor showing 
above. Worse than that, I have to report that I am beginning to get fat. 

— ^The ever- jolly Davis from Purdue: — 

I was glad to get your May 20th circular. I have not heard from the class 
directly, in a dog's age. I wish I could have a part in the commencement 
games, but I have to work a few of my own here. One advantage, though, 
of being at a technical college, is that one sees congenial visitors. Professors 
Jackson and Lawrence were here recently for a day, and talked Tech very 
gratifyingly, of course. 

I enclose my dollar. If you don't get the other ji.70,let me know. The 
class reunion must and shall be preserved! The fellows really ought to 
put up each year, according to your plans, and get some working capital 

News from the Classes 

(or the class. Apparently, they think (heyVe at church. ... I enclose also 

jch of Neal's questions at Class Day 

n (but not truth) to the call of the pink 

It lacks like another "populafiiy cam- 

;, in the first ballot. The Nomination 

'en't any personal news. We raise only 

my statistics, which remind me so 
that I innocently sacrificed decotui 
sheet. 1 enclose, linally, my vote. 
paign" rather than a platform one 
Committee did a good job. I ha\ 
com and B.S."s out here. 

Last Christmas time I happened to be in Boston, and on the midnight of 
December 31 was enjoying a cigar on the Brunswick steps. Standing 
there, I heard a group of about forty loyal I9o;'s cheer in the New Year 
on the steps of Rogers. It sounded good, and fell queer, too, to think that 
it was the first lime I had ever seen the ceremony. Duting Tech I lived 
ten miles out of Boston, — loo far to join in tlie act, — but 1,000 miles I found 
was nearer. Not near enough, though, for 1 stayed on the Brunswick 

The question of class baby aroused some competition, while the 
question of marriage was evidently an easy one for everybody, for 
the answers were all either yes or else a decided no. As far as un- 
married men are concerned, it was only necessary for them 10 answer 
the first question, but some of them evidently felt embarrassed, for 
there was lots of "crawling" done on the others. Sner on the 
marriage question must have been thinking of his experiences in the 
Philippines, for he puts it, "No, escaped so far." Keith has never 
had time to consider the question, while Silverman is in a class by 
himself, — the "not yet, but soon" class. Johnson, B. R., Hopkins, 
Leonard, Plummer, Emery, Jouett, Davis, E. H., Macpherson, 
all unmarried, have taken pains to answer the second and third 
questions, and Chalmers, who to the first question puts down a 
big NO, even thinks it necessary to add "see above"to the remaining 
questions, while Wyman, when it came to claiming the class baby, 
was evidently feazed, or he adds, "Don't see how I can." Replies 
received by secretary tabulated to show the salaries and married 
and unmarried men by courses; — 


41 8 The Technology Review 

J. //. iiL IV. r. VI. 

Graduates, 'oo 32 34 21 21 19 23 3 3 

Replies from class members 
graduating '01 I I 

33 22 

Replies received to questions, liio 4 3 3 4 o o 

Married, with children ...I 31 2 I I 00 
Married, without children ..13111000 

Total married 2 6 2 3 2 i o 

Not married 9 4 20 i 3 o 


IX. X. XL XIL XIU. ffodrntaeu Tai^. 

Graduates, '00 5ii 4 9 

Replies from class members 

graduating '01 I i 

12 10 

Replies received to questions, i 4 i o 3 10^ 54 

Married, with children ...o i o i 4^ 15 

Married, without children .0 o o o o 4=11 

Total married o i o i 8 26 

Not married i 3 i 2 2 28 


/. //. ///. IF. V. VI. VIU 

A o I o o o 

B 2 o o I o 

C 2 3 I 2 3 

D 3 3 2 o I I 

E I o I I 

Did not answer . 3 3 i o o o Q 


VIU. IX. X. XL XIL XIII. graJmaits. 

A o o o o o I 

B o I o o o I 3 

C o o I o o I 2 

D o o 2 o o o 2 

E o o o o o I 

Did not answer . o o i i o i i 

.;-s-. ». . 

News from the Classes 


Toial number . . 









Married .... 




Not married . . 
Graduates . . . 






Non-graduates . 




The class baby contest stands as follows at the present time: — 

Non-graduate Wolcott Remington. Boy. Bom Nov. 25, 1897. 
Graduate Carleton Ellis. Girl. Bom Sept. 26, 1901. 
Graduate George E. Russell. Boy. Bom Oct. 6, 1902. 
Graduate John F. Wentworth. Boy. Bom 

The class as a whole made a very poor showing as far as the 
number of replies was concerned, but out of sixty-one replies only 
three failed to enclose $1 for dues. Very nearly four hundred letters 
were sent out, and the added expense of letter postage should have 
brought in more results, because this meant that every letter would 
be forwarded to the party intended, provided the address was wrong. 
There are many who will see this magazine who have not yet sent 
in their dues, and it is hoped that they vrill not need a further re- 

R. H. Stearns, Ste 

15 Beacon Street, Boston, Mass. 

Fourteen loyal iqoi men and one guest gathered around a circular 
table at the American House on Saturday evening, June i, to review 
the past and adjust the future of the "Great Class of 1901." Presi- 
dent Campbell presided, and seated round the table were Rowe, 
Scully, Brush, Freeman, Skene, Farnham, Williams. Putnam, 
Pcpperell, McGann, Monaghan, Clapp. and the secretary. While 
many were absent from the roll-call, few were forgotten; and during 
the dinner we brought the absentees back one by one, and recounted 

420 The Technology Review 

what we knew of their deeds and whereabouts. The dinner finished, 
the business meeting was called. The treasurer's report showed 
the class to be firmly on its feet again. The ballot for officers re- 
sulted in the election of Allan Winter Rowe, president; Frederic W. 
Freeman, vice-president; and Ralph H. Stearns to continue as 
secretary-treasurer. Following the election, the secretary was called 
upon for some class statistics, a digest of which is printed below, 
and they were received with interest. The smoke talk, so to speak, 
was opened by Brush, who gave us a few sidelights on the manage- 
ment of street railways. Rowe followed as the principal speaker of 
the evening with a talk on German student life. Rowe had not ad- 
dressed a 1 90 1 class meeting for five or six years, and it was like 
getting back home for him. With illumined detail he explained 
how he had steered through the devious courses of the German 
university without running aground on German etiqueue, on the one 
hand, or German arrogance, on the other, and how he had finally 
weathered a trying oral examination and come into port with a 
Ph.D., while a confidant companion took a lemon instead. Scully 
then unfolded his career leading up to his partnership in the firm of 
J. T. Scully & Co. Skene (XIII.) told of his work in yacht designing, 
his publication of a book on yacht design and construction, and his 
present business as a constructor of power boats and yachts. Then 
the rest of us told of our doings to date till 1 1 o'clock sounded, and 
we adjourned with a most pleasant recollection of our tenth annual 
dinner. — Recent good fortune to members of the class includes the 
marriage of Edward Seaver, Jr., to Miss Grace Ambrose Whitmore, 
of West Newton, on June 10; of George A. Hall to Miss Faith 
Pomeroy, on June 4; and the engagement of A. F. Sulzer to Miss 
Glyder Roberts, of Rochester, N.Y. — A. W. Rowe sailed again for 
Europe on June 25. Apparently, he has the habit. — Following is a 
compilation of the information at hand about '01 men: — 

Number of active members 289 

Number of deaths during past year i 

Number of married men 96 

or about 60 per cent, of those about whom the secretary has 


News from the Classes 


Number of children reported +3 

CUs5 average, for week's work 53 houn. 

Maximum average for one man 84 hours. 

Maximum income from professional work* 

Minimum income from professional work $tpoo 

Average income from professional work $3,150 



By C«r.«. 

Mining Engineering . ,. . 

■ «3.i50 

New England States , . , 


Chemisiry and Chem. Eng. 

■ 2.675 

Middle Atlanric States . 


Naval Architeciure . . . 

. 1,500 

Central and Southern States 


Electrical Engineering . . 

. 2,100 

WeBtetn States .... 


Civil and Sanitary Eng. . 

. 2,100 

Average for 63 men, 1907 , 


Biology and General Studie 

s, 1,800 

Average for 73 men, 1906 


Mechanical Eng 

- >.7S0 


. 1,650 

The secretary has removed from the mailing list the names of a 
number of former students who had slight or no connection with the 
class, and who have shown absolutely no interest in class affairs. 
If such men wish to be reinstated at any time, they can do so by 
writing to the secretary to that effect. 

irofessor of 
to-day ap- 
pointed director of technical education for Nova Scotia. This is a position 
created by act of legislation passed last session establishing a system of 
technical education in this province, embracing technical college at Halifax, 
local technical schools in industrial centres, and mining schools throughout 
the provinces. Mr. Sexton is given charge of this work. He is a graduate 
of (he Massachusetts Institute of Technology.— rroium^f. May 9, 1907. 

Halifax, N.S., May 9 (Special).— Frederick H. Sexton, 
mining and metallurgy at Dalhousie University, Halifax, 

* Thii income eidudcd tram all ivaigct. Ascitlier iuconic 
lerpriwi in whxdi s Urge wnount wu inTCitoJ, not iDduded. 

00, deHved from 

422 The Technology Review 


F. H. Hunter, 5/c., West Roxbury, Mass. 

The fifth reunion of the dass of 1902 has gone into the past, but 
die past got a severe jolt when it went. The fun began on Monday, 
June 3, when a ciowd of choice spirits dined at the Lombardy Inn, 
and Atn attended the opening peiformance of Richard Cade's new 
opeffa« **The Hurdv Gurdr Giri.** The play contained an unusual 
numher of acts« also, theiefere, several " between-the-acts/' all 
of which was refreshing. However, all the men were on deck the 
next dar. The excursion which was scheduled for Tuesday was 
caBed off, owing to the small number of responses, but the men who 
had come from a distance and those who could take the day off got 
together at the Highland Club, West Roxbury, and filled the day 
with various sports. Although no formal matches were played, the 
honors at tennis went to Fitch, while Stillings was high man on the 
bowling alley and the pool table. The annual dinner was pulled 
off in the Dutch Room of the Copley Square Hotel. The attend- 
ance at the dinner and also the average salary of the men there 
showed a good gain over last year. A message of regret was re- 
ceived from McCarthy, and notes from Charlie and Mrs. Kellogg 
were read in acknowledgment of the present sent at the time of 
their recent marriage. The secretary was instructed to send re- 
plies. C. B. Allen was the one who had come farthest to be pres- 
ent, and received a stein, suitably inscribed, as a souvenir. Greet- 
ings were exchanged with several classes who were dining under 
the same roof, but the feature of the evening was a visit from '92, 
who marched in to give us good advice and good cheers. '02 re- 
turned the good cheer a little later by marching up to see '92 with 
Charlie Mixter at the head bearing a bowl of punch for the thirsty. 
At the Pop, as ever, *02 was on deck, and let the fact be known 
with serpentines, confetti, and cheers. An attempt to suspend a 
big banner above the hall was "flagged" by the management, but 
in spite of this the boys who wore the wooden buttons for their 

News from the Classes 


"Wooden Reunion" were much in evidence. Among those on 
deck for all or some of the funcEions were; C. B, Allen, Ames, 
Butler, Boardman, Ned Baker, Collier, Crowell, A. W., Currey. 
H. H. Davis, Dickson, Eames, Everett, Filch, Fisher, Fletcher, 
Fitzgerald, Steve Gardner, Greeley, Hooker, Hunter, Lewis, Mahar, 
Millar, Marvin, Mathesius. Charlie Mixter, Morrill, Nickerson, 
Patch, Ritchie, Stover, Stillings, C. A. Sawyer, Jr., Starr, Towne, 
Thurston, Whittet, Westcott. At the business meeting the con- 
stitution was amended to increase the number of vice-presidents 
to three without rank. This was done that the men in New York 
and Chicago might be represented on the board. The following 
officers were elected: president, C. A. Sawyer, Jr.; vice-presidents, 
Hooker, Lockett, Place. As assistant secretary, Nickerson was re- 
elected with a whoop and a vote of thanks. Apart from the re- 
union much class news has come in. June is the month of wed- 
dings, but '02 started in May. A. C. Clapp was married on the 
30th to Miss Myrtle Campbell, of Little Silver, N.J. — Mayo on the 
I ith of June married Miss Julia Middlelon Skiliman, of Washing- 
ton, D.C. — On June 3d George married Miss Demetria Simmons. 
— Hamhlet on the 26th married Marcia Leavitt Coburn. at Canhage, 
Me. — Ritchie, who was married on the aand of June to Miss 
Helen Louise Kurd, completes the list as far as reports are yet 
in. The future promises more news of the same sort, for Greeley 
is engaged to Miss Margaret Ellen Houghton, of Lexington, and the 
following is clipped from the April 6 issue of the Boston Transcript: 

Mr. anil Mrs. Edward G. Bennett, of Boston, announce the engagement 
of their daughter, Grace Frances, to Arthur Harold Sawyer, of Delaware, 


Next to be reported are the additions to the Junior Battalion of 
the class. Karleen Alden Nash arrived March 25. — On April 11 
Reed Whitney came to the home of Mr. and Mrs. Philip R. Whit- 
ney at Bala, Pa., and on June 7 Esther Caryl Fruit, of Wheaton, III,, 
became a member of the class. — Several men not reported for some 
time are now brought up to date on our rolls. Mague's address is 
West Newton, Mass., while Cobum can be reached at 76 Summer 

424 The Technology Review 

Street, Maiden, Mass. — Horace Muzzy is with Walter Appleton, 
architect, 15 Exchange Street, Boston; and Mathesius is with 
C. Howard Greenley, 12 West 40th Street, New York. — ^Miss 
Bates's address is 4 Toledo Avenue, Elmhurst, L.I. — J. Murray 
Walker is with the Massachusetts Correspondence Schools, 194 
Boylston Street, Boston. — Eager has returned to Fredericktown, Mo., 
with the North American Lead Company. — Fitch has taken a posi- 
tion with the Dennison Manufacturing Company at South Framing- 
ham, Mass. — Leonard is with the General Electric Company at 
West Lynn, Mass. — Mendenhall is now with the Ely Light and 
Power Company, Ely, Nev. — Lockett is at present at Crawfords- 
ville, Ind., where he is taking charge of the construction of a large 
power house for the Electric Railway. He returns to his Chicago 
headquarters, 15 17 Monadnock Building, some time next month. — 
W. C. Taylor is now vrith the Detroit River Tunnel Company at 
Detroit. — Eames is with the Cell Drier Machine Company, 84 State 
Street, Boston. He is living at 47 Crescent Street, Svrampscott, 
Mass. — '02 has representatives in medicine and law, but the fol- 
lowing from the Newbuiyport Herald reports our first member to 
enter the ministry : — 

Ordained to the Diaconate in the Episcopal Church 

On Trinity Sunday, May 26, in the Church of Zion and St. Timothy, 
New York Citv, Philip Coombs Pearson was ordained to the diaconate of 
the Episcopal Church by Bishop Greer, of New York. Mr. Pearson is the 
son of Mr. and Mrs. John F. Pearson, of this city, a graduate of our high 
school and of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston. For two 
years he was with the American Smelting and Refining Company, Perth 
Amboy, N.J. In 1904 he entered the General Theological Seminary, com- 
pleting the third-year course there. He graduated on the 15th of May. 
Rev. Mr. Pearson has been elected to a fellowship by the faculty of the 
seminary, which will enable him to pursue his studies for five years at the 
seminary and Columbia University or abroad if he so desires.* In addition 
to this post-graduate work Mr. Pearson is to be one of the assistants to the 
Rev. Dr. Manning at St. Agnes Chapel, Trinity Parish, New York City, 
beginning his work there in the fall. 

News from the Classes 

The good wishes of his classmates will go with Pearson in his chosen 
work. — VV. D. Croweli recently passed the entrance examinations 
for the Ecole des Beaux-Arts at Paris. — H. C. Bartlett and J. Mc- 
F. Baker are spending a year in travel and the study of architecture 
ia Europe. They were last reported from Psstum, Italy. — Fletcher 
is still with the New Haven R.R., but has been transferred to Somer- 
set, Mass. — Galaher has been sent by Stone & Webster to Dallas, 
Tex. — Mollis is now at Randolph, Vt. — Belcher is engaged on the 
Sewage Purification Works, Washington, Pa. — Shedd is still with 
Purdy & Henderson. Most of his time is spent at their Boston 
office, but when at their New York office a short time since he 
helped in designing the steel for the Hudson Companies Terminal, 
which will be when erected the largest office building in the world. 
— William Waterman is with Hegeler Bros., Danville, 111, The firm 
is engaged in zinc smelting and making sulphuric acid. — A. A. 
Jackson is established as a consulring chemist at 671 East 43d Street, 
Chicago. — Montgomerj' is now with the Newark Fire Insurance 
Exchange, 701 Union Building, Newark, N.J. — Pendill is now with 
the General Electric Company at their Schenectady works. — Ames 
has returned to the East, and is now superintendent for the Parker 
Manufacturing Company of Roxbury, makers of recording ther- 
mometers and other scieniilic instruments. — In the last issue we re- 
ported that Pember had won a place in the final competition for the 
New York State Library Building at Albany, being one of ten se- 
lected from a large field of competitors and receiving S500 as a 
prize and a payment of Ji,ooo for further plans. We can now re- 
port that in the final competition Pember won third place, defeating 
some of the best-known architects in this country and receiving an 
additional prize of $1,000. While Pember was entered in associa- 
tion with Manin C. Miller, of Buffalo, it is no disparagement of Mr. 
Miller to state that the credit for the place won rests almost en- 
tirely with our classmate. — '02 also deserves further mention in 
this architectural competition, as Rayne Adams, working temporarily 
for Mr. Hornboste], the winner, assisted in developing the winning 
design. — The secretary has another move to report, but now hopes 
to stay put for many moons to come. He left the Unaka Company 

426 The Technology Review 

of Johnson City, Tenn., on April i, came North, and is now lo- 
cated with the L. P. Soule & Son Company, building contractors of 
166 Devonshire Street, Boston. His address for class correspond- 
ence is 75 Park Street, West Roxbury, Mass. — At the Technology 
Club of New York a series of class reunions has been held during 
the past season. A prize was offered for the best class yell. Of 
course '02 won, with Place, Annett, Hammond, Brainerd, and Phil- 
brick behind the yell. — Once again we have to chronicle the death 
of one of our members : W. H. M. Latshaw died at his home in 
Pueblo, Col., on May 5. While Latshaw had not been in robust 
health for some time, he had seemed to gain by a trip to Arizona, 
and the end came suddenly from pneumonia. — A catalogue of the 
class is to be issued as early as possible. Circulars for informa- 
tion are in preparation, and should reach the members of the class 
soon after this report. Any member not receiving his blank by 
September i will kindly report that fact to the secretary. An early 
and complete reply from each member will assist very much in the 
work of preparing the book. 

Walter H. Adams, SeCy Polytechnic Institute, Brooklyn, N.Y. 

The annual dinner at the Brunswick Hotel in Boston was the most 
successful that the class has held since graduation. Eighteen men 
were present, and started the dinner with a rousing '03 cheer. The 
following business was transacted: The present officers are to con- 
tinue in office until mail elections are held next January. A com- 
mittee, consisting of Nutter, Newman, and Olmstead, was appointed 
to draw up a new constitution. During the dinner cheers were 
exchanged with '93 and '98. Loughlin and King enlivened the 
dinner with music and songs. After the dinner every one went to 
the Pops, and there disposed of the remainder of his voice. The 
following men were present: Aldrich, Atwood, Bridges, M. H. Clark, 
F. W. Davis, Fales, Hoxie, King, Loughlin, Newman, Nuttei, 

News from the Classes 427 

Olmstead, Ricker, Scholtes. Stiles, Swett, Valiquet, and Yerxa.— 
The following changes of address and occupation have been received 
since the first of the year: R. M. Field, 42 Broadway. New York; 
J. L. Lyon. 834 E. 48th Street, Chicago, III.; G. M. Macdonaid, 40 
Cathcart Street, Montreal. Canada; J. A. Meats. 130 Maiden Lane, 
New York, is general manager for the Cosio Cigar Company; Merrill 
may be addressed 120 Hudson Street, New York, care H. A. Metz 
& Co.; Millard, care Minneapolis Gas Light Company, Minneapo- 
lis, Minn., is engineer on construction with Riter-Conley Manufact- 
uring Company; Myers, 317 Andrew Street, Rochester, N.Y., is 
engaged in the manufacture of novelties; Newman, 175 Mt. Auburn 
Srreet, Cambridge, Mass., is assistant engineer on water-works con- 
struction with William Wheeler, consulting engineer, of Boston; 
Nields, The Monterey. Cleveland, Ohio, is secretary of the Rein- 
forced Concrete Construction Company; Palmer, Hagerstown, Md., 
is superintendent of the Hagerstown factory of the Pope Manufact- 
uring Company; Parker. South Milwaukee, Wis.; S. G. Porter, 
Lamar, Col., is chief engineer for the Arkansas Valley Sugar Beet 
and Irrigated Land Company; Regan, 49 Winchester Street, Boston, 
is a draughtsman with the Boston Sewer Department; A. P. Rice, 
34 Chestnut Street, Everett, Mass,, is inspeaor on dredging and 
construction, Massachusetts Harbor and Land Commission; P. B. 
Rice, 1317 gth Street, Altoona, Pa., is electrical engineer in the 
motive power department, Pennsylvania Railroad; Ricker, 92 First 
Street, East Cambridge, Mass.; Sears, 31 Milk Street, Bostofi, Mass.; 
Sibbett. 366 Wilbur Avenue, Columbus, Ohio, is draughtsman with 
the Jeffrey Manufacturing Company; C. J. Smith, 324 East Jefferson 
Street. Los Angeles, Cal.; Taylor, Milwaukee, Wis., care Cutler- 
Hammer Manufacturing Company; Underwood, 2112 Eoff Street, 
Wheeling, W. Va., is superintendent of Blast Furnace, Riverside 
Department National Tube Company. 

428 The Technology Review 


Currier Lang, Sec.^ Michigan Central Depot, Detroit, Mich. 

The Mexican engineering field has been heard from since the 
last issue of the Review, throu^ two members of our class. — 
Waldron P. Schumacher, speaks for the mining end of it, in part as 
follows.' — 

After my return to Boston, I wrote to Potter, '98, and he gave me a job 
here in Mexico at a place called Matehuala. I stayed in Matehuala for, 
thirteen months, when I heard of my present position, and applied for it, 
with the result that I am now located in this place (Sierra Mojada) as engi- 
neer for a Mexican mining company. 

From a business point of view, I like Mexico, and I think there are ten 
chances to every one that a man would have in the States. On the other 
hand, in coming to this country, a man gives up everything which at home 
we consider as pleasures. This little town is out in the desert a hundred 
miles from anywhere, and there are only about ten Americans in the place, 
llie grub is fierce, and water scarce. For ten months in the year not a 
drop of rain falls. I like the company I am working for, and they make 
things as agreeable as possible. 

— H. G. Chapin speaks for the civil end of it: — 

I came to Mexico in January, 1906, to start in as topographer and draughts- 
man. From January, 1906, to April, 1906, I was on a relocation between 
Colima and Manzanillo, part of the new line constructing to connect Mexico 
City with the west coast. In April, *o6, we were sent on a preliminary 
and location survey of 125 kilometers north-west of Colima. Nov. i, 1906, 
I was transferred to construction west of Colima, and stayed three months 
until I got the fever, and had to pull out. Since then I have been working 
on a contract I took to survey a mountain of about 80,000 acres of timber 
land. I just finished the field-work yesterday. I am now looking forward 
to getting back to God's country again where one doesn't have to fight 
mosquitoes, fleas, alicrons, etc. I expect to be in old Beantown again about 
June I. 

— The fact that '04 fellows have a habit of getting together whenever 
the opportunity oflPers is shown by the following information gath- 

News from the Classes 


ered from letters from A. W. Bee and Halsey French. French 

As you know, Kemper, Thurlow, HolbrooL, and myself a 
office [Board of Water Supply, city of New York], each one i 
less contented, principally less. George H. Shaw, who wa 
man, b here also. A few days ago, at a civil ser 
Hill, Biggi, E. F. Smith, and Wilson, '04 (the slender one). Biggi t 
down from Albany, Hill from Kingston, and Wilson from Boston. 

— Bee is in Cincinnati on concrete building construction, Stetson 
■ is in Cincinnati for a few months on construction for the Pennsyl- 
vania Lines, and a short lime ago Weymouth came down to visit 
them. They showed him the town, and, according to Bee's state- 
mem written a week later, neither they nor the town had fully 
recovered at that time. It is easy to imagine the disjointed condi- 
tion of that town after those three heavy sports got through with it. 
Bee is engaged to be married to Miss Maud E. Beder, of Chicago. — 
H. W. Goddard writes:— 

I left Pittsburg a little 
!n charge of the const 
building. I expect to complel 

year ago, and am now in Hartford, Conn., 
of a four-story, reinforced concrete office 
: this job in about a month. . . . 

— E. W. Charles is now with the Allis Chalmers Company in the 
steam turbine department. He likes Milwaukee in spite of its 
beer renown. — Freeman Cobb is in Toronto, Canada, with the 
Chapman Double Ball Bearing Company. — W. De Witt Vosbury is 
with Professor Meade, consulting engineer at Madison, Wis. — The 
secretary has since the last issue of the Review received an invita- 
tion to the wedding of William Hosmer Eager and Miss Helen 
Lucy Hiscock at Syracuse, N.Y., April 32. 1907, but on account of 
the distance was not able to represent the class in person nor give 
the groom away. — The engagement was announced in Washington, 
m April, by Lieutenant-colonel and Mrs. John S. Loud, U.S.A., 
retired, of their daughter. Miss Dolne Loud, to Francis F. Longley, 
of West Point and Technology, '04. — The following information 
the gentler part of our class is of interest. Miss Ropes 

450 The Technology Review 

manricd Nor. 12, 1906, to Mr. S. P. \K^Iliaiiis, Harvard, '97, 
and is Imng in Winchester. Bciumi gradoatioD and her marriage 
Miss Ropes was with Warren H. Manning, die prominent land- 
scape ardntcct, and doring part of tbe time was at Norfi^, Va., as 
his personal rep r es e nta tive in matters relating to the laying out of 
the Jamestown Exposition grounds. — ^Miss Marion Coflbi, a special 
with our dass, has set up for hersdf as landscape architea in 
New York, and has exhibited at several of the recent shows, among 
them the Architectural League of New York and the T Square 
Club of Philadelphia. 

Grosvenor D'W. Marcy, SeCy 246 Sununer Street, Boston. 

1905 began to celebrate her second anniversary with a class punch, 
held at the Technology Club, Tuesday afternoon, June 4. The 
men commenced to gather about four o'clock, and a flow of '05 
spirit began that lasted far into the night. At six o'clock the crowd 
started for the Copley Square Hotel, where dinner was held, as last 
year, with '04. There were forty '05 men present, some returning 
from far countries. The dinner was very informal, there being few 
fireworks, but much heart-to-heart getting together. President 
Pritchett was with us, and brought the loving cup presented to him 
by '04. It was filled and passed from man to man, each rising and 
giving his address, and stating whether married or single. The 
blushes of '04's Benedicts were beautiful to see. '05's generally 
hopeful tune was "not yet, but soon." Bob Lord and Harry Went- 
worth announced their resignations from the offices of secretary and 
vice-secretary, respectively. Bob is going to Portland, Me., as super- 
intendent with the Casco Tanning Company. The following team 
was elected to take their places: G. D'W. Marcy, secretary; R. M. 
Folsom, vice-secretary; and G. B. Perkins, assistant vice-secretary. 
Resolutions of appreciation and regret were extended to Lord and 
Wentworth. After the dinner the crowd marched over to Symphony 
Hall, where we were met with reinforcements. The Pop was a 

Ncwsfrom the CTawcs 


great success, as always. There was a little excitement when 
Fletcher. '06, having had one lemonade, thought it was the Boylston 
Street flag riot he was at, and started for the '05 banner from force 
of habit. — J. H. Flynn was back on leave of absence from Panama. 
He is chief draughtsman in the Mechanical Division. He reports 
that the fellows are all doing well down there, and get together 
every little while at the University Club or Hotel Tivoli, and have 
a Tech night, — W. P. Bixby has had charge of tests on which buying 
of coal is based, Bixby had a couple of weeks of fever, but is all 
right now. — W, G. Eichler arrived at Panama about January I. 
He is drafting repair parts on rock drills. — C. E. Gage is assistant 

to the master mechanic at Empire 
shops there.— Charles W. Johnstoi 
address that reads as follows: "Cai 
and Smelting Company, Minas Nuev 
He says : — 

Since the last issue of the Review 1 have moved my hat rack c 

ind IS building the new repair 
has added unto himself an 
of the Veta Colorado Mining 

s, Parral, Chihuahua, Mexico." 



■ I i 

r hom 

north of the Vela Grande, where 1 have been 
Bill Moitei, Roy Allen, and Eugene Burion are 
le. We get together frequently. 1 left Parral 
Boston, returning to Mexico July first. 

5 United State! 
changed to the mine next 
for the last nine months. 
all within a few miles of 1 
May 26 for a trip home to 

Charlie is not going back alone. He was married on June 19 
to Miss Sarah Abbott, of Roxbury. Roy Allen came up from Mexico 
on a flying visit to "stand up with him." The couple were started 
off with a good '05 cheer by the fellows fortunate enough to be at the 
reception. — R. S. Gifford was awarded a Savage Fellowship in 
chemistry this year, and sails in July for Germany, where he will 
study for a Ph.D. — Miss Ida Ryan, who won second prize in the 
competition for the Rotch Travelling Scholarship in Architecture 
last year, distinguished herself and added to the glory of '05 by 
winning the scholarship itself this year. — Bob Morse is making plans 
to establish a commission house in Mexico City for the sale of mining 
machinery. The concern will be known as the International Ma- 
chinery and Engineering Company, and will also be interested in 

432 The Technology Review 

power plant development. — Seymour Rivitz, ex '05, is a civil engineer 
in Spokane, Wash. — P. G. Darling is with the Ashcroft Manufact- 
uring Company, Bridgeport, Conn. At present he is on a trip 
from New York to New Orleans by boat, and will return on loco- 
motives, testing injectors and other apparatus manufactured by this 
company. — Jules V. Bamd is selling mining properties in New York, 
and also personally operating properties in Utah and Nevada. — 
S. B. Littleton, ex '05, is engaged in farming in Washington. — ^Roger 
P. Stebbins is with the Electric Boat Company of Quincy, which 
has just completed the United States submarine ''Octopus," which 
made such an excellent record in the recent trials at Newport. — 
Arthur J. Manson is in New York for the Wesringhouse Electric & 
Manufacturing Company, in connection with the electric locomotives 
for the New York Central Railroad. — Ros Davis and Bill Wilcox 
are working together in the factory improvement department of 
the Singer Manufacturing Company of Newark, N.J. — Bill Motter 
and Eugene Burton are at the same mine in San Diego, Mexico. 
Bill is now assistant superintendent, and Gene is engineer, and also 
in charge of the magnetic zinc separator plant. — ^W. L. Spalding 
is sitting up nights with a sixty per cent, increase in the electrolytic 
refinery of the Buffalo Smelting Works. — Joe Daniels has a position 
for the summer with the Dominion Coal Company at his old stamping 
grounds, Glace Br-v, N.S. He expects to return to Lehigh Uni- 
versity as instructor in the fall. — E. M. Coffin reports meeting Harry 
Upham, of Glee Club and Tech Show fame, travelling in New Hamp- 
shire for the Simplex Piano Company. — E. L. Hill is assistant 
mechanical engineer with the American Steel and Wire Company 
of Worcester. — A. L. Whitmarsh is assistant to the city engineer of 
Lamar, Col. — R. D. Farrington is studying law at Harvard Law 
School. — Arthur E. Russell is in the testing laboratory at the Water- 
town Arsenal. — F. W. Goldthwait is with the Boston office of the 
Lanston Monotype Machine Company, in the installarion and 
maintenance department. — C. Saville is with the engineering de- 
partment of the Massachusetts State Board of Health. — LeBaron 
Turner is with the United States Wind Engine and Pump Company 
at Batavia, 111. — S. A. Greeley is with Hering & Fuller, sanitary 

News from the Classes 

engineers, New York. — H. Atwood has returned to the Institute 
to complete his course in electrical engineering. — R. F. Gale returned 
to the Institute last fall, and received his degree this June with '07. 
— A. H. Abbott returned and got his degree in Course VI. this year, 
after two years' leave of absence spent in practical work with the 
General Electric Company at Lynn. He is going to Pittsfield to 
take a position in the transformer department of the same company. 
— Six men have left the instructing staff at the Insritute 10 accept 
positions as follows: W. Tufts and C. T. Humphreys are with the 
McClintic Marshall Construaion Company of Pittsburg. Tufts" 
address is 21 Park Row. New York City.— F. C. Starr has joined 
the instructing staff of George Washington University at Washington, 
D.C. — R. W. McLean is with the Carver Cotton Gin Company of 
Bridgewater. — A. L. Smith is with the Bixby Blacking Company of 
New York, N.Y.-Macintire is with the National Lead Company of 
Brooklyn. — F. J. Chesterman has recently become connected with 
the New York Telephone Company. There is a rumor that he is 
to be married in October.^A. D. Maclachlan is looking for Walter 
L. Whittemore. — Edwin B. Snow writes that he has no news, but 
is about to announce his engagement, and thinks this is a good time 
to do so. It's news to us, Eddie. — O. C. Merrill was married last 
October to Miss Elizabeth V. Watson, and is now assistant hydraulic 
engineer with the O. Rand Company of Berkeley, Cal. — Charles E. 
Smart was married June 12 to Miss Effie J. Cook, of Greenfield, 
Mass. Charlie is now assistant superintendent of the A. J. Smart 
Manufacturing Company of Greenfield. — Percy A. Goodale was 
married to Miss Hope Leonard, of New Bedford, on June 15. — 
Walter Bent announces his engagement to Miss Bessie Brackett, 
of Rochester, N.Y. He is still with the Eastman Kodak Company. 
and writes that Jimmy Payne has left them, and is now working 
for a new cement concern at Catskill, N.Y. — H. R. Robbins has 
severed his connection with the New Hampshire Concentrated 
Milk Co., and is now engaged as inspector on the Pennsylvania 
tunnels under the East River. He resides at 220 E. 36th St., 
Suite 6, New York. N.Y, — The secretary wishes to state that 
the mantle dropped on him at so nearly the same time as the 

434 'The Technology Review 

call for Review notes that he did not have time to collect 
much information about the fellows. He also wishes to urge every- 
body, whenever an item occurs to them that might be of interest, 
to confide said item to a postal card, and post it to him. Thus would 
this compilation become an automatic pastime, which is what he 


Thomas L. Hinckley, Sec^ 745 Osceola Avenue, St. Paul, Minn. 
Angelo T. Heywood, Res. Sec.y Mass. Inst, of Tech., Boston, Mass. 

The July notes for our class are summed up for our conveni- 
ence in reference in the following 

TABLE OF contents 

I. Contents. 

II. Circular Letter sent to Gass May 14, 1907. 
General Committee on Arrangements. 
First Annual Reunion. 
The Alumni Reception. 

Spread at Technology Club. 

Dinner at Hotel Plaza. 

Organization of Class. 

Definite Object for Class to work towards. 

Report of Class Day Committee. 

Disposition of Balance in Treasury. 

Voluntary Contributions in interim. 
Present Roll of Class. Every one reply, non-members included. 
Extract from Constitution explaining Membership. 
Salary Blanks. 

Blind Replies to Dean Burton. 
Round-robin Letters. 

Courses I., III., VI. 
Technology Review. 
Reply Sheet to Letter. 

News from the Classes 435 

III. Copy of Proposed ConBtiiution enclosed with May Letter. 

IV. Account of Reunion and Celebrations. 

Alumni Reception in Eng. A, Friday, 7.30 P.M. 

Spread with rest of classes at Technology Qub, Tuesday, 

3 ,0 6 P.M. 
Class Dinner at Hotel Plaza, Tuesday, Commencement Day, 

at 545 PM- 
Pops at Symphony Hal!, Commencement Night. 
V. General Report on Finance of Reunion. 
VI. Report of Committee on Nominations for Class Officers. 
VII. Other Reunions. 

'06 at the Alumni Dinner, Jan. 18, 1907. 
Spring Alumni Dinner of Pittsburgers. 
"Pow-wow" of Members in the Institute. 
VIII. Personal Notes and Replies to "additional infortnation about self or 

IX. Changes of Address. 
X. New Addresses. 
XI. On the Pan of the Secretaries. 
Xn. Letters. 

In Memoriam. 
II. The following letter was mailed to all members of the 
class May 14, 1907: — 

CLASS OF 1906 

T* Iht mtmbiri tf ihi Clais 0/ 1906; 

Hoevith irc Knl jou complete lODaunccmeDn cooceroiDg ami Pint Aonuil Rcuiudd ind 
Commtncrniait Cdebntioii, and dctiiU caDceming dau oiguuutioD lad athet buiincu. 
Tlic irraDgniifDTi irc in ^vgc of 1 GcdctiI Commitlee, ai foUowi:— 

Chairman Ahgilo T. Hitwood {HI.) 

f Jo.»H T. L*™.K, Jr. (n.) 
CoDidliUioa ■! MuwrLL A. Coi {II.) 

( edwa.d b. bowi (vra.) 

Program Johih T. tAwroH, Jr. (n.) 

CUl( Dinner Hiibeit A. Tai«u. (D.) 

HoipiuUlT Rauh R. Patch (XI.) 

FuhlidtT and Comipondcocc Hubiit S. WHmHa (VI.) 

Yovr cueful attenlum ii aakcd. 

Mnivtu. A. Cot, Fniidtnl. 

Ahcklo T. HrrwooD, Riiiint Sitrtlay, 

Ft th, CUu. 

436 The Technology Review 

The FIRST ANNUAL REUNION of the CUss of 1906, M. I. T., wiU be held TUESDAY, 
JUNE 4, 1907. During the entire daj the Alumni Association and the Association of Class 
Secretaries will maintain open house, and a SPREAD will be held at the Technology Club for all 
Tech alumni. The club-house will be the headqturters for the class, and a Reception Committee 
will be on hand to greet the members of the class. Material for registration will be provided 
and all questions answered. 

At 545 pji. (sharp) the REUNION AND DINNER wiU be held at the HOTEL PLAZA, 
COLUMBUS AVENUE, Boston, Mass. Price per plate. Si .25. The guesu of the evening 
will be: Mr. James P. Munroe, of the Corporation; Dean Burton; and Bursar Rand. 

After the dinner the class will adjourn in a bodj to the POPS, fuU particulars of which are 
being sent jou bj the Pops Committee of the Alumni Association and Association <^ Class 
Secretaries. It is necessary that an early reply be sent to them, in order that ample accommo- 
dations may be provided for the grouping of such a large number as will represent our class. 

It is the custom for the distant as well as the near-by members of the classes to make special 
effort to return to Boston at this time to meet old friends again. You are urged to join in the 
celebrations. "Times change, but Friendships never.** 

Concerning the ORGANIZATION OF THE CLASS for its alumni life, the following is 
quoted from the *o6 Class Notes in the January, 1907, number of the Review: — 

''It may have been remarked that the [present] constitution, in so far as it applies to the 
election of officers, has been allowed to lapse. This was done in order that the machinery of 
the class after graduation might be gotten fairly under way before a change was made in or- 

'' To be loyal to the Institute, we must keep our class organization strong. To have a strong 
class organization requires the interest of the members. Members take interest only when 
something is being done by the class. No one cares to be busy unless there is some real work 
in sight and a definite, practical object to be gained. It is therefore evident that the {voblem 
of organization brings with it the question of what particular life-work our class proposes to 
take up for its alumni career. Before any change is made, the matter is open for general dis- 
cussion. The Secretaries wish that the members would write to them, and state their opinioas 
on the subject." 

In reply to this request, several men offered suggestions, which, however, were more in regard 
to the method of organizing the class than in regard to any definite object which we shall as a 
class undertake, and which shall result in direct and substantial benefit to the Institute. 

In regard to class organisation a CONSTITUTION has been prepared, a copy of which it 
enclosed for your consideration. Provision is made on the Reply Sheet for the casting of your 
vote in regard to the acceptance of this Constitution. The results of this vote will be announced 
at the dinner, and later by mail to those who do not attend the dinner. 

In regard to the definite objectf it is proposed that this matter be taken up further as soon as 
the class organization is completed, and that a final decision be reached as soon as possible. 
The proposition will then be put before the whole class again for final approval. 

The following is a summary of the accounts of Class Day Committee: — 

News from the Classes 


I Sobtcripdaiu lod ii 


Gill Dijr Spread 150.00 

Gan Dinner }69.eo 

Meoui 3''5o 

Decorilioni (Spmd) yioo 

FouDiun (the am Gift) 175.00 

HiiceUaoeoiu 17i.11 

B'l'-ice 3 ■4.^5 

|i, 114.80 

The bill for the frHutiin wii noi paid unlil Mitcfa, 1907, tad the pijiAdI of the bill cut dova 
the bilance. 

Of thii E314.15, tutnid into the Clsii Trrinuj, I39.15 wai paid to the Clan Stcrelariet and 
hai been elpeaded in leadicig out the card: for information, completing the Card Catalogue ol 
the Clau, and For correipaadeoce . The halance of (175 remaitu in the Gigi Treaiurj, and i* 
on deporit ai the Btinar'i offite. 

Two luggEUioni haw been oflcred for the diipoiition of thii mm; namelj, that it be oiedi — 

(1) Ai a permanent gift to Buriai Rand'i Scholarship Fund for needy iiudenti, or 

(1) To Form the oucleui of a fund lo be raind by the ctats, the amount of vhich ihall be mch 
that the aosual interett yielded will be luScient la defiar the cuirent eipeniei of the clatt. 
The object of thii ii to abolish in time clisi dun, and, vhen laid fund is do longe) necetiarj 
for luch uie, the lamr shall be giien to a Scholanhip Fund oF the Inititute. 

It it deiired that each member of the dasi eipteii hit preference in hii reply to thii letter. 

Up to the preKnt, out o( a total of 761 membeii on the roll of the dan, over 500 bate been 
beard haai. In order that the roll aitj be completed and corrected to date, it it nquetted 
that pains be taken in filling out the accompanying I^eply Sheet, particularly in regard to io- 
formaiion about any daitmaie vbo you think may not be enrolled on the dati lint. Note* 
may be added for publication in the Rivirw. 

Aa 11 the usual cutlom, it it proposed to announce at the dinner the average SALARY of ibe 
memhers of the dais. For this purpose tc are enclosing a slip upnn which your salary is to 
be written, which slip ii to be retutncd in the cmelope, addceiMd to Dean Burton. The Dean 
has coDiCntcd to reociie thete sealed eoielopet and to shuffle them to that it will be impoitible 
to ascertain to which indiTidual the salary upon any slip may belong. It it hoped thai erery 
one will indude this data in his reply, at an avtragi figure is desired. 

Inasmuch as a Constitution to goters \a at alumni is yet lo be adopted, it i> considered not 

438 The Technology Review 

adnsible to levy any regalar ASSESSMENTS. It is, howerer, neoetsaiy to hire money to 
tend out thete notices and carry on the work of the class, and a vduntaiy contribution is hereby 
requested. It is thought that the amount of the average contribution will be $i. We hope 
that those who do not feel able to give this amount will contribute somedung. 

Round Robins are reported to be in circulation among the members of di£Ferent courses. 
Courses L, in., and VL are those which have been heard from up to the present time. The 
secretaries would like to be notified of any others that are in circulation, and also to receive 
detailed information on the above-mentioned in regard to the number of letters received, etc 

The ALUMNI RECEPTION wiU be held on FRIDAY, MAY 31, 1907, at 8 tm^ in 
ENGINEERING B, on Trinity Place. Admission, Si. Refreshments will be served. It is 
hoped that our class will be well represented at this reception to *07, as we are probably better 
known to them than any other class of the Alumni Association. 

One hundred and thirty-nine members of our class are subscribers to the TECHNOLOGY 
REVIEW. If you are not one of these, you are urged to subscribe at once, as this is the principal 
source <^ information concerning the Institute and your classmates. 

It is very earnestly requested that every one who receives this letter take the trouble to fill 
out and return the Reply Sheet, which is enclosed, together with an addressed envelope for 
mailing it. It is absolutely necessary that we hear from every one promptly, so don^ put it 
off. Answer at once. Sit down, take your fountain pen in hand, and DO IT NOW. 

Gemral CommitUt on Arrangemtmu 
Boston, Mass., May 14, 1907. 

N.B. — Extract from proposed Constitution: "Article m. Membership. All graduates 
of 1906 and all former students who have taken subjects with the Class of 1906 may be considered 
members.** If you do not consider yourself a member of *o6 as outlined above, will you be good 
enough to make note of same on reply sheet that we may correct our roll. 

(Tear of here,) 


YES, I (name) will be present at the First Annual *o6 

Reunion and Dinner at 545 pji. on June 4, 1907, at the Hotel Plaza, Columbus Avoiue, 
Boston, Mass. 

No, I (name) will not be present at the First Annual 

Reunion and Dinner of my class. Excuse: — 

1. Dead? 

2. Sick f 

3. Broke?* 

4. Weary of life f 

5 f 

* N.B. — The highest price per plate that I would feel able to pay is S. . . . 

News from the Classes 439 

My Tote on the adoption of the Constitution is [tes no] 

I am in faTor of the (iif or 2d) of the suggested methods of disposing of the sum 

of fi75 which remains in the class treasury. 

My permanent addrcu is 

My mail address is 

My occupation is 

Additional information about self or any classmate 

I enclose herewith in the separate envelope addressed to Dean Burton the slip on which is 
marked my present yearly salary. This envelope is to be delivered unopened, together with 
the similar envelopes received from the other members of the class, to our classmate Dean Burton , 
who will carefully shu£Be them and deliver them to a committee chosen by him to duly open 
them, tabulate the figures, and prepare a report to be read at the dinner. 

I enclose herewith the sum of $ as my contribution to the class treasury. 

Dau (Sign$d) 

The letter was mailed on schedule time, May 14. Acknowledg- 
ment is due to the following fellows who gathered at the Technology 
Club and helped the Committee mail the 761 letters in three hours: 
C. L. Anson, O. B. Blackwell, B. W. Kendall, J. A. Root, A. B. 
Sherman, R. W. Ware. 

III. The Constitution proposed follows: — 



Akticli L 


This association shall be named the Class of 1906 of the Massachusetts Institute of 

440 The Technology Review 

Article n. 


Hie object of the Class of 1906 of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology shiD be:— 

I. To promote the common association of all of the members of the daas. 

a. To promote the welfare and interests of the Massachusetts Institute of Technologj. 

Article m. 


All graduates of 1906 and all former students who haTe taken subjects widi the Class of 1906 
may be considered members. 

Article IV. 


Section i. The membership of the class shall be made up of geographical groups of memben 
as follows: — 

1. The Central Branch, consisting <^ those members residing in and about Botton. 

2. The New York Branch, consisting of those members residing in and about New York 

3. The Philadelphia Branch, consisting of those members residing in and about Philadelphia. 

4. The Pittsburg Branch, consisting of those members residing in and about Pittsburg, Pa. 

5. The Panama Branch, consisting of those members residing in the Canal Zone. 

6. Or a Branch at any other centre where there are members to organize it. 

Sect. 2. These and other branches, small or large, may be organized in the manner pre- 
scribed in this Constitution, for the purpose of aiding in attaining the objects of the class. 

Article V. 


Section i. The governing power of the association shall be vested in an executive council 
of five members, all of whom are residents of Boston or vicinity. 

Sect. 2. The Council shall consist of a secretary, assistant secretary, and three directors. 
One of these directors shall be chosen chairman by the council. 

Sect. 3. One member of the executive council shall be elected each year to serve three years; 
and the secretaries shall be elected every two years. These officers shall hold office until their 
successors shall have been duly installed. 

Sect. 4. The chairman of executive council shall preside at all meetings of the class and of 
the executive council. In the absence of the chairman the presiding officer shall be chosen by 
a majority of those present. 

Sect. 5. The executive council shall have authority to fill all vacancies in its own body. 

Sect. 6. It shall be the duty of the executive council to conduct all affairs of the class. 

Sect. 7. The council shall have charge of the finances of the class, except that it shall not 
have charge of the permanent fund. 

Article VI. 

The secretary shall keep a record of the proceedings of the class and the council, aided bj 
the assistant secretary and the secretaries of the different branches. He shall have the custody 

the Classes 


roll d[ the member! 

le dacumcDtt of the dm. It ihall be the dutj oC the lecretarj to keej 
of the diM, and iuue nolicei of all meeliags of the dais. The lecretarr thall leceite hii oeceK 
•uj lundi frnm the ucoitive cousdl by appiaprialioti. Tbe eslabliibmeai of reptctcDtilive 
corrapondtacc lot the uooigaruied group), smal! or large, of iDembcrt of the cUu, ihall be 
arranged for by the trcrelary. He thatl represent the dait in the A«Dciition of Clan Srcietariei. 

I vn. 

SicnoH I. Before April 1 of each year tbe eic 

candidate, indoned in writing by at least ten, to 1 

name of candidate upon ballot, 
Tbe lecietaty ehtU lend each member ol the dan 
SacT. ). Electiont of eiecutiTc council, peiminei 

wcntary, ihall be by mail ballot, and mufi be in th< 

Et thirty daya before elecliOB. 
:ouncilhyihefirstof JuMof 

It thall be the duty of the Central Branch^- 

1. To eodeaior, by all posiible, laudable meant, to keep the other distant memberi of the 
d»i informed about the progrctt of ihiagi at the Insiitute and amoag the claet. 

1. To have charge of alt dao dinnot and all atrangeoieati that properly pertain to local 


monthly meetingi for the promotion of good fellowship at 
rcretariei in editing the dan noiet for tbe Tichnologi 

Braodiea other than the Centra 
ha*e a lecreury and any other offii 
ol the branch. It ihall be the w< 

1 Branch tna; 
»ri which ar 
irk of the b] 

f be recognized after organiiation. 
e neceEiary for the proper execution 
ranchei other than the Central Bra 

of the 

nch to 


regular meelingi at 
Technology Cltibi to 

matter) concerning the progreii of the vork of the 

with any of the 





^Tdundihafl be railed by the clan, the ai 
yielded will be luScirnt to defray the curi 

at of which ihall beiuch that the annual inl 
fipeniH of tbe da». The abject of tbii 

] ii no longer necetiary, the lame (ball be j 
10 a ichdarthip fund of the Initiiuie. Thit fund shall be in the handi of three tnutcei 
ihill hold office for three yeari, one elected every year. One of theie tnjiten ihall be a r« 
of BoHon or ncinicy, and tbeir clecltoD is to take place at tame lime and in laine manner 1 

denl 1 

442 The Technology Review 

Article XI. 


Section i. The iimuil meeting of the class shall be held on Commencement Day in JanCi 
and there shall be held such additional meetings as the ezecutire council shall appoint. Three 
weeks* notice of all meetings shall be sent erery member of the class by the secretary. 

Sect. 2. Special meetings of the class may be called at any time by the executiTe coondlf 
and shall be called by the secretary upon written request of ten members of the class. 

Sect. 3. The executive council shall hold stated meetings on the second Monday in October 
and January and the last Monday in AprO. 

Aeticle XII. 


Until the formation of the permanent fund, the annual interest of which shall be soffident 
to defray the annual expenses, the annual assessments shall be one ddlar for each member. 

Article XIII. 


Section i . This Constitution, when ratified by two-thirds of those voting, shaH take effect and 
shall supersede previous constitutions of this class. 
Sect. 2. The polls shall close June i, 1907. 

Article XIV. 


This Constitution may be amended by two-thirds vote of those voting. Voting shall be carried 
on in same manner as in election of executive council. 

IV. Account of Reunion and Celebrations, — An account of the 
Alumni Reception v. ill be found in another part of the Review. 

The Spread was held with the rest of the classes at the Technology 
Club. The following invitation was sent out by the Association of 
Class Secretaries "Committee on Spread" to all the women who 
have been students at the Institute, residing in the vicinity of Boston : 

You are cordially invited to attend the "spread" to be given by the 
Association of Class Secretaries at the Technology Club, 83 Newbury Street, 
on Tuesday, June 4, 1907, from three to six o'clock. . . . 

It is the opinion of the committee that the women who have been students 
at the Institute should take an active interest in the celebrations of Com- 
mencement Week, and it is hoped that the annual '"spread" may furnish the 
opportunity, which has been lacking in the past. Members of the Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology Women's Association will be present to 
welcome you and your friends. 

In connection with this a special effort was made by the class of 

News from the Classes 


e the ladies of the class which has bee 

n helping welcome the 
ing women served r Mildred E. Blodgett, 
. Patten, Lillie C. Smith. Marion Hib- 

atlhe Spread, and be m 
Of our class the fo]lo< 
Anna M. Cedarholm. Jai 
bard Thanisch. 

Miss Hunnewell, Miss Manning, Miss Wheeler, Miss Ruggles, 
Miss Hosmer, and others were heard from, but could not arrange 
to be present, chiefly on account of the rather short notice to prepare 
to come from a distance. 

Every one was asked to register in the Alumni Association Reg- 
ister, and each member of '06 received one of the '06 reunion badges 
on which to write his name. About forty from '06 were present. 
The attendance from our class was very good, considering the lack 
of advertisement. The Spread gives the best opportunity of any for 
reunion during Commencement Week. 

The class dinner was held at the Hotel Plaza, Columbus Avenue, 
Tuesday, Commencement Day, at 5.45 p.m. The toastmaster was 
Herbert A. Terrell. The guests were Mr. James P. Munroe, of the 
Corporation, and Bursar Rand. Dean Burton was unable to be 
present on account of sickness at home. 

The count went round, and showed a total of seventy present. 
The following Hst shows those who expected to be present: — 

M. J. Ahem, C. L. Anson, H. J. Ball, L. N. Bent, O. B. Blackwell, 
A. A. Blodgett, C. F. Brietzke, H. W. Brown, G. E. Bumap. G. W. 
Burpee, E. S. Campbell, E. S. Chase, M. A. Coe, R. S. Clarke, 
F. E. Dixon, E. C. Evans, W. F. Farley. H. L. Fletcher, H. V. 
Fletcher, H. A. Frame, H. A. Ginsberg, P. K. Griffin, H. B. Hallo- 
well, C. E. Hamilton. C. E. Hanson, C. W. Hawkes, M. W. Hayward, 

A. T. Heywood, H. P. Hollnagel, C. M. Hutchins, H. O. C. Isen- 
berg. A. H. Jannson, J. W. Johnson, C. L. Kasson, R. Kibbey, 

B. W. Kendall, A. L. Lampie, J. T. Lawton, Jr., D. A. Loomis, 
H. D. Loring, E. S. Manson, A. P. Mansfield, A. P. Mathesius, 
J. H. McKeman. C. A. Mertiam. H. K. Merrow, W. N. Messenger, 
J. E. L. Monaghan. C. W. Mowry, S. A. Nash, U. J. Nicholas, 
J. F. Nonon. H. L. Ober, R. R. Patch. F. S. Phelps, F. W. Poor, 
R. O. Reed, C. D. Richardson, R. W. Rose, W. L. Rowell, J. V. 

444 'T^^ Technology Review 

Santry, A. B. Sherman, Jr., A. L. Sherman, W. C. Spencer, E. C. 
Sunton, E. C. Steinharter, A. W. Talbot, A. C. Taylor, H. A. Ter- 
rell, K. E. Terry, Jr., F. J. Van Hook, T. G. Webber, H. S. Whiting, 
M. G. Wight, S. C. Wolfe, D. M. Wood. Others were present. 

Such a large number of fellows around one board made it seem 
like old times at our undergraduate dinners. Mr. Rand was the 
first guest to arrive. The fellows were, indeed, glad to see him again. 
He was with us during the first part of the evening, later having to 
be with the class of '93. In speaking of the Institute, Mr. Rand 
touched upon its continued labors in behalf of the students, and said 
his own work had become a work of love. 

Mr. Munroe could not be with us during the early part of the 
dinner, as his time was divided up between three dinners, the chief 
of which was the celebration of the twenty-fifth anniversary of his 
class, '82. Meanwhile the reports on the replies to the various por- 
tions of the May letter were heard and business carried on. 

Herbert S. Whiting gave a summary of the votes on the constitution 
and the disposition of the ^275; also on the contributions. 

The total number of replies received was 178. Of these, 155 
voted in favor of the proposed constitution, i voted against it, and 
22 gave no vote at all. 

The vote on the disposition of the balance in the class treasury 
was as follows: — 

Forty-seven favored the first suggestion: to make it "a permanent 
gift to Bursar Rand's Scholarship Fund for Needy Students." A 
hundred and twenty-five favored the second suggestion: "To form 
the nucleus of a fund to be raised by the class, the amount of 
which shall be such that the annual interest yielded will be suffi- 
cient to defray the current expenses of the class. The object of 
this is to abolish in time class dues, and, when said fund is no 
longer necessary for such use, the same shall be given to a scholar- 
ship fund of the Institute. " One favored neither suggestion; and 
four did not vote either way. 

The voluntary contributions received up to the time of reporting 
were as follows: ninety-four gave $1 each; one thoughtful one 
gave ;^; two gave $2 each; one member sent ^^3; two sent ^5 each; 

News from the Classes 


and one sent $io, enclosing a note stating that the money was to 
be used, as was seen fit for the benefit of the class. The total amount 
subscribed was S122.10. Parenthetically, the secretaries wish to 
add here that contributions are still coming in, and up to the time 
this account goes 10 press the following additional amounts have 
been received: four sent Si each; one sent Si. 12; one sent 315. 
The grand total at this date is S132.22. This will probably be in- 
creased, as more replies are expected. The competition is srill open. 

For additional information on the replies the reader is referred 
to Section VIII. of these notes. 

Joseph T, Lawton, Jr., made some explanatory remarks on the 
constitution, showing why it was thought best not to include a special 
article in the constitution, limiting the procedure for the first elections. 

The Constitution was declared ratified, and the second method 
of utilizing the fund approved. 

It was the sense of those present that a committee on nominations 
should be appointed by the toastmaster, with directions to report 
to the resident secretary the names of candidates for class officers. 
The following were appointed: Joseph T. Lawton, Jr., Anthony P. 
Mathesius, Ralph R. Patch. 

Angelo T. Heywood read a letter from Wallace R. Hall, now in 
Porto Rico, and spoke of the helpfulness of the Review for keeping 
in touch with each other and measuring one's progress. He asked 
that members give careful attention to the letters sent to the class. 

In accordance with the statement on the reply sheet of the May 
letter, all the salary envelopes received were delivered to our class- 
mate. Dean Burton, who carefully shuffled them, and delivered them 
to a committee chosen by him to duly open them, tabulate the figures, 
and prepare a report to be read at the dinner. Dean Burton ap- 
pointed for this committee Utar James Nicholas, who prepared from 
the returns the interesting chart of large size which he exhibited at 
the dinner, and which is reproduced on another page in these notes. 

The chart clearly shows that the particular salary- per year received 
by the largest number of those who replied was $1,082. It is to be 
observed that this is not the lump average, but shows clearly what is 
the commonest salary received. The lowest amount received was 

News from the Classes 


$i44, and at that lime the highest one reported was £2,64.0. Quite 
a number of replies came in too late for tabulation; and very recently 
a batch which has been accumulating was opened, and revealed a 
new high-water mark of $3,000 per year. Hurrah for 1906 ! 

Mr. Munroe came directly from his own class dinner, and brought 
with him the thoughts of those who, having been out in active life 
for twenty-five years, were now arrived at the time when they were 
more or less settled in their directions of endeavor, and could look 
back to see what had been the things worth while and of benefit to 
them in their associations since graduation from the Institute. 
He gave us the benefit of these thoughts, saying that the lifelong 
friendships formed were the things which , in times of fail ure, brought 
human sympathy and in times of success hearty congratulations, 
and helped one on to higher endeavor. 

Cheers followed, and songs were sung. Henry D. Loring replied 
to a call for volunteer at the piano. After the "Stein Song," the 
" New Cheer Song," " Dear Old M. I. T. " was given, and the fellows 
came in strong on the chorus which follows: — 

" Fight on, boys, we are cheering for you. 

For we want you to win lo-dayi 
i Do your best, we are all behind you, 

• • And are wearing the red and gray. 

^^^^^ Though the odds may be great against you, 

^^^^1 Full of sturdy courage be; 

^^^^^ And we'll raise a song of vicl'iy 

For dear old M. I. T." 

With cheers the fellows adjourned in a body to the Pops. 

V. General Report on Finan^ of Reunion.— The following sum- 
mary will give an idea for what the class money has been used: — 

Printing of letter, constitution, envelopes, and slips fjo.oo 

Envelopes and paper for same 11.00 

Stenographer and clerical work 11.00 

Telephone calls, postage, and miscellaneous expenses (about) . . 15.00 

Total I38.0O 


The Technology Review 

When these bills have been paid, about $40 of the contributed 
money will remain, to be promptly used for printing and sending 
out to all members of the class the report of the First Annual Re- 

In printingthe Constitution, an error was made in Arricle X. It 
read, "This fund shall be in the hands of three trustees who shall 
hold office for three years, one elected every two years," and should 
be corrected to read "... for three years, one elected every year." 

VI. The Report of the Committee on Nominations for Class 
Officers is as follows, and is to be sent in ballot form to all members 
of the class: — 

For Secretary 

A. Benham (I.), of Boston. 
T. Heywood (IIL), of Boston. 

For Assistant Secretary 

For Directors on the Execu- 
tive Council 


I Harry W. Brown (VI.), of Roxbury. 

I U. J. Nicholas (VI.), of Roxbury. 

r R. E. Cranston (II.), of Providence, R.I. 

J. N. McKernan (I.), of Boston. 

R. R. Patch (I.), of Stoneham. 

R. O. Reed (III.), of Maiden. 

G. C. Simpson (I.), of Maiden. 

H. A. Terrell (II.), of Newton. 

F. J. Van Hook (I.), of Roxbury. 
^ H. S. WnrriNG (VI.), of Roxbury. 
f^ote for three, 

M. A. CoE, of Medford. 

C. L. Anson, of Boston. 

T. L. Hinckley, of Columbus, Ohio. 

H. C. Henrici, of Sabetha, Kan. 
^ H. W. Nabstedt, of Boston. 

^ote for three. One must be resident 
of Boston. 

Of the three men chosen as Directors on the Executive Council, 
the one receiving the highest number of votes shall hold office for 
three years, his term expiring June i, 19 10; the one receiving the 
second highest number of votes will hold office for two years, his 
term expiring June I, 1909; the one receiving the third highest num- 

For Trustees -< 

News from the Classes 


ber of votes shall hold office for one year, his term expiring June t. 

lary elected at this 

The terms of the Secretary and Ass 
time shall expire on June i, 1909. 

Of the three men chosen as permanent fund trustees, the one 
receiving the highest number of votes shall hold office for three years, 
his term expiring June i, 1910; the one receiving the second highest 
number of votes shall hold office for two years, his term expiring 
June I, 1909; and the one receiving the third highest number of 
votes shall hold office for one year, his tenn expiring June I, igo8. 
The polls shall close September 1. 

Joseph T. Lawton, Jr., 
Ralph R. Patch, 
Anthony P. Mathesius, 
Committee on Nominations. 

VII. Concerntng Other Reunions— At M. I. T. alumni dinner, 
Jan. 18, 1907, the following '06 members were present: — 

Charles L. Anson, Thomas Gray Webber, Harry H. West, 
Sylvester C. Wolfe, Angelo T. Heywood. 

The following reunions have been noted: — 

An alumni dinner of Pittsburgers was held in the spring. 

In April the following card was sent out to those of the class of 
1906 then at the Institute:— 

" pow-wow " 
To iboit of the Class of 1906 novj at the Institute: 

In response to numerous request! from the members of "06 now at the 
Institute that they meet together before the end of the school year, a com- 
mittee has been appointed to arranjge for a "pow-wow" at the Technology 
Oub. Two dates are offered, Monday, April 29, and Thursday, May 2, 
preferably the former. The hour is 6.30 p.m. Price per place, not over 
85 cents. Please indicate which date you would suggest. Your reply 
should be mailed not later than Thursday night, April 25. Announcement 
of date will be made by past card to those who reply. 
Very truly yours, 


Angelo T. Heywood, 

450 The Technology Review 

Twenty-eight men were present, and die courses were represented 
as follows: — 

Course I. Van Hook, H. D. Loring, Shedd, Dorsej, Chidester, 
W. G. Waldo, Ranney. 

Course II. Fuller, Wilkins, Tumbull. 

Course III. Frame, Hallowell, Heywood. 

Course IV. Moore. 

Course V. Norton, Wilcox*. 

Course VI. Blackwell, R. S. Clarke, Manson, C. D. Richardson, 
A. B. Sherman, Jr., Whiting. 

Course VIII. B. W. Kendall, Danash, Rowe. 

Course XI. E. S. Chase. 

Course XIII. R. L. Dyer. 

VIII. Personal Notes. — ^^The following personal notes and re- 
plies, not alphabetically arranged ^ received by the secretaries, give 
an idea of the strenuous work and good times which the class of *o6 
are enjoying: Robert H. Booth, who has been with the American 
Telephone and Telegraph Company, Philadelphia, has gone west- 
ward to take a position with the Republic Iron and Steel Co. in 
Moline, 111. He has resigned from the office of secretary-treasurer 
of the Technology Club of Philadelphia. All matter for the du^ 
may, for the present, be sent to Percy E. Tillson, '06, at 341 1 Wal- 
nut Street, Philadelphia. — An account of Clarence E. Carter's wed- 
ding, clipped from the Boston Sunday Globe of April 7, follows ^-^ 

Reading, April 6. — Miss Alice Sanders Kidder, daughter of William 
Kidder, of 26 Lowell Street, was married this evening to Qarence Elmore 
Carter, son of Adelbert Carter, of 19 Grand Street, at the home of the groom'i 
parents, by Rev. Frank S. Hunnewell, pastor of the Congregational church, 
the couple standing in a floral alcove. The wedding march was played hj 
Miss Marion Flint, cousin of the groom. Miss Marjorie Ada McLeod, 
niece of the bride, and gowned in white muslin, was a dainty ring-bearer. 

The bride was gowned in white batiste, and wore a veil caught up with 
orange blossoms. She carried bride roses. A reception, attended bj 
seventy* five guests, followed, Mr. and Mrs. Carter being assisted in receive 

News from the Classes 


ing by their parents. The ushers were Master Carl F. Wiechmann, of 
Reading, nephew of the bride, and the Masters Baker of Manchester- by- 
the Sea, nephews of the groom. The home decorations were in white and 

To-morrow night Mr. and Mrs. Carter start for Schurtz, Nev., where 
the former is employed as a civil engineer on the Oregon Short Line Rail- 
road. He is a graduate of the Reading High School and the M. I. T. 

— "Edward L. Mayberry and Llewellyn A. Parker wish to announce 
that they have established an office for the practice of structural 
steel and reinforced concrete engineering under the firm name of 
Mayberry & Parker, with offices at 372-373 Pacific Electric Building, 
Los Angeles, Cal." — H. W. Beers, who has been assistant in the Civil 
Engineering Department, has taken a position with the Southern 
Ferro Concrete Co., Atlanta, Ga. He is going to help build a subway 
in Atlanta, and also other large reinforced concrete construction 
work in Georgia. — Atwood E. Rippey (IIL) came east from San 
Diego to Boston early in the summer. — Stanley M. Udale broke both 
the Technology and New England Intercollegiate Athletic Associa- 
tion records in the 2-mile at the Worcester meet this spring, the time 
being 9 minutes, 52J seconds at Worcester, Mass. E. H. Lorenz, 
'05, had previously held Tech's record at 10 minutes, 2o| seconds, 
while O. N. Bean, of Brown, had held the New England Inter- 
collegiate Athletic Association record at 1 minutes, 3I seconds. The 
American collegiate record is held by A. Grant, of Pennsylvania, at 
9 minutes, 27 Jseconds. — The following was clipped from the New- 
ton (Mass.) Circuit of April 20, 1907: — 

Wallace R. Hall, of Winchester Street, N«wton Highlands, a graduate of 
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, class of 1906, has been called 
to Porto Rico to take charge of extensive engineering operations. 

— C. A. Merriam (11.) is reported 10 be with a shoe manufacturing 
concern on Congress Street, Boston, — Wier Louis Rowell, who was 
with B. F. Sturtevant & Co., Hyde Park, is now a real estate dealer. 
Address. Swampscott, Mass. — The following concerning one of our 
s clipped from the Boston Herald o( April 12, 1907: — 


452 The Technology Review 

Tired of the pleasures of society, Joseph, son of Professor Thomas Dwight 
of the Harvard Medical College, has become a monk. 

He entered the Trappist Monastery of Our Lady of the Valley at Lonsdale, 
RJ., April I. 

Although but twenty-one years of age, young Dwight has given much 
reflection on the matter, and after a consultation with his spiritual director, 
the Rev. Thomas L Gasson, S. J., president of Boston College, he announced 
his intention. His decision did not meet with any opposition from his 

His life at the monastery will be one of a recluse. Silence is mandatory 
among the Trappists, with the exception of the morning salutation, " Me- 

mento mori." 

The Trappist 's day is spent in tilling the soil or in other laborious work. 
At night he retires to his hard couch, arising at the stroke of midnight to 
spend three hours in prayer. One of the most notable features of the 
Trappist's life is that each day each monk must dig a part of the grave 
he is to occupy. 

Young Dwight was formerly a student at Technology, but left the Insti- 
tute before the completion of his course to enter the employ of Houghton, 
Mifflin Company with whom he remained a year. A severe illness com- 
pelled him to give up his position, and on his recovery he decided to devote 
his life to religion. 

— Guy Ruggles (IIL) came home on a month's vacation about the 
first of July. — ^The number of marriages and engagements announced 
is almost bewildering; and the secretaries have all they can do to 
approximately keep track of the happy festivities. The following 
list of marriages and engagements was received by wireless: A. E. 
Wells, R. H. Booth, Walter B. ClifFord, H. C. Merriam, L. G. 
Christy, Stuart C. Coey, Charles LeBaron Casson, Dan Adams. 
— J. C. Kinnear was married Thursday, June 20, to Miss Bertha 
Harvey Clarke, of Peabody. They have gone to Goldfield, Nev., 
where Kinnear is to work. Guy Ruggles on his way east, through 
Salt Lake City, visited the Mormon Temple, and there on the 
visitors' book spied the names of " Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Kinnear, of 
Massachusetts." — On May 16, Michael J. Gibbons, Jr., wrote in 
part: "Have been enjoying all the hard work belonging to an un- 
usually prosperous year. Only about twenty-eight more bachelor 

days for me, and have no regrets on that score." — A. W. Talbot, '06, 
is reporter on the Providence Journal. — During Commencement 
week Robert Dean (VI.) was in town from Philadelphia. — C. J. 
Rich was on from New York at thistime, and Knapp came up from 
Pittsburg. — Edmund S. Campbell (IV.) took his Master's degree in 
Architecture in June. — Colby Dill likewise received his in Industrial 
Chemistry. — R. T. C. Jackson received his Master's degree in 
Architecture in June. He has been troubled with a severe attack 
of malaria, and is now down in Maine regaining strength. — During 
the spring of '07 it was reported that W. H. Foster, who has been 
with the heavy arrillety at Fort Warren, Mass., went to Kentucky 
to take the examination for an advanced appointment. He passed 
with very high standing, and then asked for fifteen days' leave of 
absence immediately after the examination. Several months have 
passed, and he has not appeared since. — Shirley P. Newton, who is 
with the Sherwin-Williams Paint Company, writes from Cleveland, 
Ohio: "Fred Moore, Cleveland, Ohio, was with "06 a couple of years 
ago. Haven't seen his name in the Review. C. B. Morey, '05, of 
the Larkin Soap Company, Buffalo, N.Y., hasn't forgotten Com- 
pany C. Heisinacrackcompanyof the 74th N. Y. N. G. They are 
going to the Jamestown 'Imposition' to 'drill for the ladies.'" 
Newton adds, "Don't for^t to give us a report of the dinner." — 
Mark H. Place, who is with the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul 
Railway, writes from Fallon, Mont: "Was made a resident engineer 
March i, and have ten miles covered with teams and work. I can 
hardly leave to go to Boston in June." — R. B. Sarratea was heard 
from in May. Address, General Delivery, Clifton, Ariz. — One 
member writes, "I find that, while the four years as an under- 
graduate may be the 'happiest years of our lives,' the year follow- 
ing graduation may be a mighty close second." — Daniel Adams, 
married April 27 to Anna Rhodora Gibson, Wellesley Hills. 
Will reside in Methuen, Mass., after June 1, — Owedis M. Chuchian, 
with the Hudson Company of New York City; residence, 153 East 
27th Street, New York City, N.Y.— Leavitt N. Bent left for Joplin, 
Mo., the first week in June, to take position as chemist in a dyna- 
mite works, — Charles F. Breitzke is in experimental work on 



The Technology Review 


filtration, Bureau of Chief Engineer. Department Water Supply, 
Gas, and Electricit)', City of New York. Since graduation his 
occupation has been as follows: June to October, 1906, temporary 
assistant engineer, New York Board of Water Supply; October to 
January, 1907, in charge of construction of Mt. Kisco reservoirs; 
January to April, with Hazen and Whipple, on statistical and ex- 
perimental work on aeration of water; since the last part of April 
has been employed in experimental work on determining best 
method of filtering the present Croton supply. New York City. — 
George W. Burpee at present is resident engineer on construction 
of power house at East Bridgewater, and underground con- 
duit system in Brockton, for the Edison Electric Illuminating Com- 
pany of Brockton. — Louis L. Booth writes from Geneseo, N.Y. ; " At 
present writing, am superintending the erection of some buildings. 
All my classmates seem to have had the sense to keep away Irom 
here."— Sidney T. Carr writes from Pittsburg, Pa.: "J. J. Car- 
tagena, who was out here, has gone to his home in Porto Rico. The 
rest of the '06 crowd are still here." — Henty R, Carruth writes: "I 
am engaged. This may be information or ancient history, according 
to the person seeing it. The lady is Miss Letitia M. McManus. of 
Dorchester, Mass. The announcement appeared in the Boston 
papers late in October last." — Earl G. Christy writes: "Am coming 
East to find a partner. Girls are all married or going to be. Will be 
in Boston, July 10-24. This is first visit to the East in two years." — 
Robert Sidney Clark writes from 319 Howard Street, San Francisco, 
Cal. : "Am enjoying life as best I may, all by my 'wild lone,' and am 
incidentally lending my moral support to breaking the numerous 
strikes here. You call me a 'scab'? Well, perhaps, but then. — 
Edwin Frank writes: "C. S. Pierce, familiarly known as 'Chad.' — 
he of the C. S. Rice Benevolent Association — is stationed at Janes- 
ville. Wis., on the Chicago & Northwestern Railway, on second 
track work. The address is 302 Centre Street, Janesville, Wis." 
— George P. Guernsey, who has been assistant in the Civil Engineer- 
ing Department at Tech, is now at Glendive, Mont., being junior 
Engineer, United States Reclamarion Sen'ice, located on the "Lower 
Yellowstone Project." — Wallace R. Hall writes; " Yrizarry is on the 

transmission line. Cartagena is con- 
to install the electrical machinery. "- 
have been several of our classmate 
Academy. Maxheld graduated, Kelly n 


has left the Simc 

and is now acting 

Manufacturing Ct 

Roben Hursh wr 

of Empire Zinc Company in Republic of M. 

mine examinations, and operation of Mexican 

here in a couple of months 
. E. Hovey writes: "There 
t the United States Naval 
iigned. Clay died, Smith, W.. 

H. S. Hubbel) writes: "W. B. Clifford, ■06, 

ids Manufacturing Company, Fitchburg, Mass., 

s assistant superintendent with the T. R. Almond 

ipany, 83 Washington Street, Brooklyn, N.Y. — 

ind engineer 

ore buying, 

propel ' 

" AssistanI 

: Company of Denver 

nd Ne^ 

York. Mexico for 

immy Holmes at A. S. & R. 

at A. S. & R. Smelter, Valar- 

n Mine, Bisbee, Arizona." — 

Lehigh University 

of the 


A. H. Keleher 

39th Street and Broadway, 

Empire Zir 

mine; suits me in every respect. 
Smelter, Aguascalientes, Al. Stephe 
dena. Hank Mears at Copper Qi 
F. R. Ingalsbe has been instructor 
the past year, but has not yet decided to 
small salary. After June I, 1907, his mail address will bi 
ing. Mich., care of Cleveland-ClifFs Ir 
writes from "Palisade Court," comer 

New York City: "Intended being present at feed. Vacation comes 
June 1-15. Find it necessary to spend same in Washington, partly 
because of New England L. A. Convention. If you want more 
news of me, ask Coey. Make him tell 'watermelon story' 
at the dinner." — E. D. McCain writes from Winnipeg, Canada: 
"A stranger in a strange land. No classmate within 500 miles, 
Hope to return to God's country some day." — Richard V. McKay 
writes from care of Pennsylvania Steel Company, Lebanon, Pa.: 
"Am learning the steel business. Serving lime in the various de- 
partments, getting lots of experience working in draughting room, 
handling gangs of 'Hunky' laborers, putting in 24, 30,36 hour shifts, 
watching and doctoring our large blast furnace, which goes on the 
bum on an average of once in three weeks." — C. S. Peirce (L), '06, 
is busy getting things in shape for contractors on some second track 
and yard work. He writes from Janesville, Wis., care of L. J. 
Putnam, assistant engineer, Chicago & Northwestern Railway: 

456 The Technology Review 

''Can't send you any com until pay-day, about June 3, as had a 
serious operation on head about four months ago. Am just over it, 
and at work again, so you can see that the sponduliz aren't plentiful. 
Will send it near the first of June, so keep me on die roll." — Mark H. 
Place writes from Milton, Rock G>unty, Wis., "Can find no class- 
mate in this section of the State." — G. H. Rug^es writes from Great 
Falls, Mont., "I will be in Boston about July i, on a month's vaca- 
tion." — ^A. L. Stephens writes: "Tommy Holmes is in Aguasca- 
lientes, and is playing bear very fervently to a Mexican senorita. 
Watch developments." — ^William H. P. Wright writes from Gabriels, 
N.Y., " I have been very sick up here at the sanatorium since I was 
forced to leave old Tech in February, 1906; and am still in a critical 
condition." — Charles G. Loring writes, from care Perier et Cie., 5 
Rue de Provence, Paris, France, "There are three of us here, 
Mann, Lebenbaum, and self, all IV., and all studying like hell; like 
hell we are." 

IX. The following changes of address have been received since 
the April issue of the Review: — 

M. J. Ahem, Boston College, Boston, Mass. — C. L. Anson 
(XIII.), 127 Newbury Street, Boston, Mass. — J. I. Banash, Under- 
writer Laboratories, 382 Ohio Street, Chicago, 111. — Ray Barber 
has returned from the West, and is going into his father's optical 
business. Both he and Mrs. Barber had malaria. Mrs. Barber 
is now in Adirondacks, convalescing. — Harold W. Beers is with 
the Southern Ferro Concrete Company, Atlanta, Ga. — Robert H. 
Booth (II.), Republic Iron and Steel Company, Moline, 111., 702 5th 
Avenue. — Harry W. Brown (II.), draughtsman, Lockwood, Greene 
& Co., 93 Federal Street, Boston, Mass. — G. E. Bumap (IV.), 116 
Harvard Street, Newtonville, Mass. — George W. Burpee (I.), engi- 
neer with Westinghouse, Church, Kerr & Co., 10 Bridge Street, 
New York, N.Y.— Robert S. Clark (XIII.), 319 Howard Street, San 
Francisco, Cal. — ^Walter B. Clifford (II.), assistant superintendent 
T. R. Almond Manufacturing Company, Brooklyn, N.Y. — R. E. 
Cranston, 815 Banigan Building, Providence, R.I. — ^William J. 
Deavitt (III.), mining engineer, Munro Iron Mining Company, 

News from the Classes 


Iron River, Mich. — Theodore A. Dissel (11.) is doing telephone 
construction work for the Consolidated Car Healing Company, and 
is located at 197 Liberty Street, Newburg, N.Y. — Edward M. 
Eliot. East 950 Nora Avenue. Spokane, Wash. — Edward B. Evans. 
formerly of Maiden, is engaged in structural work in Johnson City, 
Tenn.— G. R. Guernsey, Glendive. Mont.— Wallace R. Hall (I.) 
is in Porto Rico with the San Juan Light and Transit Company. San 
Juan, Porto Rico. — Carroll A. Farwell, engineering aid, care U.S. 
R. S.. Buford. N.D.— Henry B. Hallowell, Boston & Montana 
Copper Company, Great Falls, Mont. — Alfred R. Heckman, Gras- 
selli Chemical Company, 347 Marshall Street, Elizabeth, N.J. — 
George F. Hobson, 22 Pearson Street, Long Island City, N.Y., with 
Alben F. Bancroft (III.), '07. — H. O. C. Isenberg (IL), Proposition 
Department, Stone & Webster, 8+ State Street, Boston, Mass. 
Residence, 31 Newbury Street, Boston. — R. D. Kelley, office E. M. 
W., Vandalia Station, Logansport, Ind. — James William Kidder 
(VI.). Holyoke, Mass.— Clarence E. Lasher (VI.), North Adams 
Gas Company, North Adams, Mass.— E. S. Manson (VI.), i Dur- 
ham Street, Boston, Mass.— Joseph N. McKeman, draughtsman and 
transitman with New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad, 
Room 444, South Station, Boston, Mass. — Miss Eleanor M.Manning, 
draughtsman, whose specialty is interior decoration, is at present 
at 287 South Street, Morristown, N.J., in charge of some alterations 
that are being made on a house there. — H. Meats went to Boise, 
Ida., on a report, and is now in Portland, Ore. — Harry C. Merriam 
(V.) is with the A. V. Plant, Leadvilie, Col.— L. F. Mesmer, 158 
North Main Street, Los Angeles, Cal. — A. Neale, care Spencer 
Kellogg Company, Buffalo, N.Y.— Sherley P. Newton (V,). assistant 
chemist, Sherwin-Williams Paint Company, Cleveland, Ohio. — 
Miss J. B. Patten (VII.), Carver Hill Farm, South Natick. Mass.— 
Henry R. Patterson (II. ), in charge of mechanical testing de- 
partment, Trenton Iron Company, Trenton, N.J. — J. H. Polhemus, 
Carthage. Mo.— Edward M. Read, Jr., 53 Irving Place, New York, 
N.Y.— Robert Ware Rose (XIII.), real estate dealer, 3 Orchard 
Circle, Clifton, Mass.— Charles Dana Richardson (VI.), electrical 
engineer with Underwriters' Laboratories (Boston office. Wire 

458 The Technology Review 

Inspection Bureau). — J. A. Root (III.)> IndeGold Mining Company, 
Inde, Mex. — Arthur W. Talbot (VI.), reporter and special Sunday 
Auto writer, Providence Journal Company, Providence, R.I., to 
which place he moved in November, '06. — A. S. Thomas (II.)» m 
Stevens Street, Lowell, Mass. — Stanley M. Udale, 11 Birch Grove, 
Ealing Common, London, Eng. — Varian, Morene, Ariz. — C. E. 
Warren, 109 South Spring Avenue, La Grange, 111. — ^N. A. White, 
310 North 6th Street, Camden, N.J. — Malcolm G. Wight (I.), 
transitman with W. W. Wight, C.E., Wellesley Hills, Mass. — 
Dana M. Wood (I.), hydrographic aid. United States Geological 
Survey, 6 Beacon Street, Boston, Mass. — Harold E. Young (VI.), 
care district manager. Southern Bell Telephone and Telegraph 
Company, Augusta, Ga. — The roll of the class is not yet complete. 
There is quite a list of lost, strayed, and stolen members who have 
not yet been located. Please help the secretaries find them. 

X. The following members have been located by the secretaries 
since the last issue of the Review: — 

Morse B. Ashmore, electrical engineering department. Twin 
City Rapid Transit Company, Minneapolis, Minn. — J. H. Cady, 
Peabody & Stearns, 53 State Street, Boston, Mass. — H. C. Chapin 
(XL), Columa, Mex. — L. J. T. Decary, architectural draughts- 
man, 382 Centre Street, Montreal, P.Q. — S. E. Gideon, M. I. T., 
Boston, Mass. — J. T. Gilmer, 210 West 72d Street, New York 
City, N.Y. — Robert B. Gregson, 160 Andover Street, Lowell, Mass. 
— J. Francis Haley, North American Lead Company, miners and 
smelters of lead, nickel, and cobalt; mines and works, Frederic- 
ton, Mo. — Jerome G. Harrison, 416 Sdmson Building, Los Angeles, 
Cal. — E. Leander Higgins, 120 Exchange Street, Portland, Me. — 
Ralph Hayden (III.), West Anaconda Copper Company, Box 362, 
Anaconda, Mont. — Robert Howe (VI.), assistant in electrical de- 
partment and distribudon, Boston Consolidated Gas Company, All- 
ston, Mass. — Miss Mary P. Hunnewell, Wellesley, Mass. — E. R. 
Hyde, Fore River Ship and Engine Company, Fore River, Mass. 
— Love joy (II.), New Haven, Conn. — Robert F. Luce, aid. Coast and 
Geodedc Survey, Washington, D.C. May 27 reported on United 

News from the Classes 


steamship " Bache," surveying on coast of Porto Rico, — J. S. 
McGregor, Livingston Hall, Colorado University, assistant under 
Professor Wilson. — C. A. Merriam (II.), 134 St, Botolph Street, 
Boston, Mass. — W. N, Messenger, 148 West Foster Street, Melrose, 
Mass. — Howard Leslie Obear (VL1, 107 Warren Avenue, Boston, 
Mass. In automobile business in Park Square, Boston. — Ralph O. 
Reed, 517 Franklin Street, Melrose Highlands, Mass. With Mai- 
den & Melrose Gaslight Company and Maiden Electric Company. — 
Arthur T. Remick, 323 West 77th Street, New York, N,Y.— Ralph 
C. Sprague (XL), with father in grain business, South Framingham, 
Mass. — Ralph G. Stebbins, 60 Congress Street, Boston, Mass. — 
Mrs. Marion Hibbard Thanisch, 151 Park Street, West Roxbury, 
Mass.— R. C. Thayer, Goldfield, Nev.— Harry H, West, Room 23, 
Journal Building, 268 Washington Street, Boston, Mass., contracting 
work, especially glazed tile, arches, and domes. — Malcolm G. Wight, 
Wellesley Hills, Mass. — A. M, Winslow, 2 16 Lincoln Street, Worces- 
ter, Mass. — Dana M. Wood, 6 Beacon Street, Boston, Mass. 

XI. On the Part of the Secretanes. — It is up to the members of 
our class to make a point of hunting up the house or ofEcers of any 
Technology Club they are near or pass, in order that they may know 
where is the Technology rendezvous. This is the proper thing 
to do, whether or not they expect to join the club. For members 
inter-club membership cards are approved by almost all, and help 
in obtaining the guest friendship privileges when one is travelling. 
Percy E. Tillson, 3411 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, writes on June 
16 as follows: — 

I was very glad to get your letter and hear of the good time at the reunion, 
even if I could not get up there myself. Terrell was with us Thursday 
night, and we all enjoyed his visit and his news of the '"Stute." If you hear 
of any more "06 men coming through Philly, I hope you will tell them to 
look us up, and also let us know that they are coming. We appreciated 
your thou ghtfuin ess in letting us know that Terrell was coming. We have 
been very fortunate in seeing fellows on their way through town, and we 
hope that it will keep up. Do you know of any '07 men who are coming 
down here ? As you suggested, it would not be a bad stunt for us to look 
them up, Roben Booth (II.), '06, who was sectetary of the Tech Club of 

460 The Technology Review 

PhSadelphia, has gone to Moline, III., with the Republic Iron and Steel 
Company. I am afraid that is all the news that Philadelphia can send to 
you at present. Dean, Powell, and Taylor all want to be remembered to 

One member of our class suggested that '06 have a special repre- 
sentative in each alumni association in the country to look out for 
our men who may pass by. In various parts of the country the fellows 
are coming together. Small colonies are just as helpful as large ones. 

In a recent issue of The Technology Review an article entitled 
"Recruits" was published. The secretaries have noticed several 
instances of activity among our classmates in helping to bring into 
touch with the Institute such young people as are seeking the kind of 
education which the Institute aims to give. Let us see more of this 
good work. 

The following clipping recently taken from die Boston Evening 
Transcript on the salaries of some of the Lawrence Scientific School 
graduates will be of interest in so far as it is possible to make a 
comparison of the figures with the returns shown on our salary chart: 

What the Graduates of the Lawrence Scientific School are Doing 

Professor H. L. Smith, '83, chairman of the division of mining and metal- 
lurgy, has been in correspondence with the graduates of the Lawrence 
Scientific School in mining and metallurgy with regard to the work in 
which they have been engaged and their earnings since graduation. Letters 
were sent to every man who had been at work a year. 

From 1897, when the first man was graduated, to 1905, 38 men received 
the degree of S.B. in mining and metallurgy. In addition, five gradu- 
ates of the college completed the work of the mining program, and are 
rated as graduates of the division. Deducting five men who have never 
gone into mining work, as well as three members of the class of 1905 who 
were engaged in graduate study during the year 1905-06, leaves 35 men 
who are employed in mining and metallurgy. Of these, information has 
already been received from 25. This information may be summarized 
in the following table: engaged in mining, 23; engaged in metallurgy, i; 
engaged in teaching metallurgy, i; superintendents of mines, 11. Average 
earnings first year after graduation, ^78; average earnings of men who 

News from the Classes 


'- been out two years, ^1,456; average earnings a 
three years, fi,i>oo; average present age, 2S yi 
ings per annum, I2.387. 

1 who have been 

XII. Lelteri.—Roben Sidney Clark ^ 

Dtar Classmalt.—M the ye; 
nearly time for the first reuni 
loose on an unprotected and u 
time that I paused in my mad 
ings. As some of the members of thi 
employ of the Sullivan Machinery Col 
and with said company 1 have been ev 

s. "907- 

has rolled around, and ii is getting to be 
n of the greatest class that Tech ever let 
suspecting world, 1 think it may be about 
rareer, and gave an account of my wander- 
probably know, I entered the 
in the latter part of last June, 
;. During the first six months 


t the Qaremont (N.H.) factory of the concern, at the end of whici 
time I was detailed as a committee of one to uphold the dignity of '06, and 
incidentally help represent the company on the Pacific Coast. 

I had a most delightful trip out here, taking about eight days on the road, 
stopping off at various points to visit friends. Spent a couple of days at 
Grand Rapids, Mich., where I called on Ed, otherwise known to his inti- 
mates as "Gloomy," Chandler, and he and I went over the old days, our 
thesis, and sundry subjects together. Friend Gloomy seemed to be in 
somewhat of a more cheerful mood than of old, and, needless to say, my 
visit with him was very pleasant and by all means too short. As it was, 
however, my company gave me a call for overstaying my furlough when 1 
reached Chicago, whereupon I had to go into a lengthy explanation of my 
whereabouts, all of which ended amicably for all concerned. 

After having done a rapid hike across country, and having been in the 
city of the Golden Gate for some time, eating mud in large cartloads from 
this "beautiful" city's "beautiful" streets, waiting in the same mud up to 
my knees, more or less, riding on cars run by one of the crumbiest companies 
on the face of the green earth, I at last got out on the road, and began to 
enjoy life. Had a most delightful trip atnongst the gold mines of Placer 
and Nevada Counties, where I had my first experience as a miner, 
running a rock drill in the bottom of a wet shaft, enjoying a veritable rain- 
storm underground. 

Since then I have spent my time roaming through various parts of the 
State, my last trip being down through the San Joaquin Valley and up 

462 The Technology Review 

through Mother Lode country. That was the finest trip I have had yet^ 
as the country was at its best, it being not yet time for the hot days, when 
the thermometer stands at umpty degrees in the shade for weeks at a time. 
Thanks be that I timed my trip well. 

I have hardly seen a familiar face since I came West. Ran across Harry 
Yonder Horst rather unexpectedly one day some months ago, and have 
seen him several times since, but aside from him I have not seen a soul 
I ever knew at the old school. 

It makes me sad to think of all the good times the fellows will have at 
the reunion, but perhaps I may get with one or two others on that date, 
and try to make up for inability to be with the bunch. You may be sure 
that my thoughts will be with the boys on the evening of the Pop Concert, 
for I still cherish fond memories of the time we had on the same occasion 
last year. 

I have been receiving the Review regularly, and certainly hope I shall 
never have to be without it, as it is about the only means I have of keeping 
any tabs on the rest of the good old gang. 

When the boys are gathered around the festive board, and services in 
the "chapel" have been duly and properly conducted, just let them pause 
a moment and give one passing thought to those who are forced to cut the 
exam. Be sure they would gladly be present, and conduct themselves as 
true Knights of the Hammer and Tongs and ** Sons of the Engine Deck," 
but they are forced by grim circumstances to be elsewhere, and can only 
be present in the spirit. But, if they are there in the proper spirit, the spirit 
of Tech and the class of 1906, they will be doing their duty, it seems. 

Here^s to the banner Class of the banner School, 

The Class that sure did tricks » 
That in work or pleasure*s bound to rule, — 

Here's now to Nineteen-Six. 

in memoriam 

Thomas Leo Gillis. 

Merrick Eugene Vinton, Jr., III. 






Guy Warner Eastman, '04, was instantly killed on May 17, 1907, 
by being struck by a train at the Back Bay Station in Boston. The 
funeral services were held at his home in Allston, Professors Goodwin, 
Wendell, and Noyes, and Mr. L. M. Emerson,' 04, acting as pall- 
bearers. He was interred at Norwich, Conn. His sad death was 
an inexpressible shock and a cause of deepest sorrow to his associates 
and students at the Institute and to his classmates. 

He was the son of Major Frank F. Eastman, U.S.A., and of 
Susan Colby Eastman, and was born at Lawrence, Mass., on 
Oct. 7, 188 1. He was educated in the schools 'of ihat city, 
and in those of Vancouver, Wash. He passed the examinations 
for admission to the Institute in 1899. Instead of entering im- 
mediately, he spent one year in the Philippine Islands, at Manila, 
where he was employed in the Quartermaster's Department. He 
entered the Institute in October, 1900, where he pursued the Course 
in Physics. He was prominent in the affairs of his class, being 
vice-president of it and a member of the editorial boards of the 
Tech and Technique. Shortly after his graduation in June, 1904, 
he accepted a position as assistant physicist in the Bureau of Stand- 
ards at Washington. In December of thai year he married Miss 
Charlotte Fuller, of Norwich, Conn. In October, 1905, he resigned 
his position at the Bureau, and returned to the Institute with the 
appointment of Research Associate in Physical Chemistry. During 
the year following he completed an investigation on the Conduc- 
tivity of Aqueous Solutions at High Temperatures, which was 
assisted by the Carnegie Institution, and which is now being pub- 
lished by it. In October, 1906, he was appointed Instructor in 
Physics and also Austin Fellow of the Institute, under the arrange- 
ment that he devote one-half of his time to the instruction in general 
physics and the remainder to advanced work for the degree of 

464 The Technology Review 

Doctor of Philosophy; and at the time of his death he had made 
good progress upon the thesis required for that degree. 

He was a man of such clearness of mind, human sympathy, and 
interest in teaching that he made a most efficient teacher. More- 
over, his devotion to science and aptitude for research work justi- 
fied the prediction that he would become a successftil investigator. 
His personality was, too, an inspiration to all those with whom 
he was associated. By his death the Institute therefore loses one 
of the most promising of the younger members of its staff. 

A. A. NoYES, '86. 

Book Reviews 




This latest publication of the Institute of Technology is to be 
issuedquarterly by thcM.I.T. Architectural Society, and is "devoted 
to the study of architecture and to the welfare of the Department 
of Architecture of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology." 
As stated in the announcement, this first number "includes the 
information given formerly in the circular of the Department of 
Architecture." In addition to this it devotes about sixteen pages 
to an account of the growth and work of the society, to illustra- 
tions of various designs which have received awards, and to datf 
concerning the various competitions for the Rotch scholarship and 
other prizes. These, with a batch of alumni notes, make up a 
number interesting to all Institute men as well as to men engaged 
in the profession of architecture; and the typographical work is so 
admirable that the quarto pamphlet, bound in a beautiful shade of 
buff, is a delight 10 the eye and a credit to the management of the 
society as well as to the printer. The managing editor is Professor 
H. W. Gardner, and the Publication Committee is made up of 
Messrs. W. Soule, R. T. C. Jackson, and W. F. Dolke, Jr. 

The Review welcomes most cordially this addition to the publi- 
cations of the Institute, and feels confident that the Record will be 
of great benefit, not only to the Architectural Department, but to 
the Institute as a whole. 


Ttchni^uf, the scramble for the first copies of which b a recog- 
nized feature of Junior Week, is the usual handsome annual of 
about four hundred pages, with many illustrations, some of them 
crude, but most of them of a high order of merit. 

This year's issue is dedicated to Mr. Frank H. Rand, the popular 

466 The Technology Review 

Bursar of the Institute, and the frontispiece is a very excellent por- 
trait of him. As usual, the fraternity emblems and lists of members 
occupy a prominent place, and these, together with the organization 
of the various Institute social activities and the athletic data, form 
a permanent record of considerable value. 

The four class histories are amusing, the ''Grinds" deal discreetly 
with the foibles of certain members of the instructing staflF and 
more bluntly with the eccentricities of undergraduates, and in 
^'Statistics" fact and fiction are, as usual, cleverly mingled. 

While Technique is always of very high excellence as compared 
with other college annuals, this year's issue seems to show evidence 
of some haste in compilation. 

The Technology Review 

OCTOBER, 1907 


There is strong reason for the belief held, with few excep- 
tions, by our ablest university presidents that an institute of 
technology should be essentially a graduate school, in the 
same rank with schools of law and of medicine. For many 
years the best law schools have recruited their students from 
the graduates of colleges, and some of the leading medical 
schools have adopted the same principle. It has been felt 
that no amount of purely technical knowledge can replace 
the advantages of a broader culture and the better under- 
standing of the affairs of the world which its possession 
implies. We need not pause to discuss here the relative 
educational value of science and the humanities, though this 
subject is touched upon in a later paragraph. Such weighing 
of one subject against another is not now relevant: we are 
concerned merely with the fact that students who have spent 
time enough to acquire a large amount of information of 
broad range are certain to have the advantage of those who 
have spent less time in acquiring less information of 
narrow range. 

It is probable that the average member of a technological 
school is in more danger of a narrow outlook than any other 
class of students. In a large percentage of cases he has 

468 The Technology Review 

rejoiced from boyhood in a mechanical turn of mind, which 
has concentrated his attention on engines and machinery and 
the splendid achievements of modem engineering. Happy 
is the boy whose career is thus plainly foreshadowed. For 
him life is sure to be worth living, and the dangers of idleness 
may be ignored. But this very interest, in direct proportion 
to its intensity, is almost certain to lead to a neglect of other 
opportunities. The absorbing beauties of machine con- 
struction and design so completely occupy the boy's mind 
that they hinder a view of the greater world. He cannot be 
expected to perceive that a knowledge of the details of his 
chosen profession should not suffice to satisfy his ambition. 
He does not yet know that to become a great engineer he 
should cultivate not merely his acquaintance with the 
details of construction, but in no less degree his breadth of 
view and the highest powers of his imagination. 

The greatest advances, whether in engineering, in pure 
science, in art, or in any other field, arise as mental pictures, 
at first uncertain as to details, but subsequently clear and 
distinct, requiring only an application of text-book methods 
to give them tangible form. It is in the conception of the 
picture, and not simply in the execution of the project it 
embodies, that the truly great engineer must excel. The 
mere dreamer never succeeds in bringing the confused and 
nebulous image to a sharp and definite focus. Lacking a 
substantial basis of knowledge, or otherwise failing to possess 
those subtle qualities which the realization of a splendid 
dream implies, he never gives walls or foundations to his 
castles in Spain. But practical ability to execute the design 
can never replace the design itself. The picture must be 
conceived and made visible to others before the work of 
construction can begin. Once the design has been trans- 
ferred to paper and its fundamental principles made clear, 

Imaginative Element in Technical Education 469 

an army of artisans, possessed of the skill required for its 
execution, can easily be found. It should be the purpose of 
the Institute to contribute to the world the largest possible 
proportion of men capable of conceiving great projects and 
the smallest possible proportion of men whose ambition can 
be completely satisfied by the work of executing them; and 
the means adopted to accomplish this end should be such as 
to improve the work of every graduate, including those who 
may be unfitted by nature for the greater tasks to which I 
have referred. 

Perhaps it should be remarked at this point that what is 
ordinarily called invention, as applying particularly to ma- 
chinery, is not alone considered here. A great engineer is 
not necessarily a great inventor, in this limited sense of the 
word. He may depend upon others to furnish the materials, 
whether perfected machinery or the simple brick or stone, 
copper or glass, with which he builds. It is for him to group 
them in such a way as to accomplish an advance, by securing 
greater economy in the industrial ans, by raising an archi- 
tectural structure that shall benefit every occupant or casual 
observer, by facilitating transportation to such a degree as 
to revolutionize the conditions of daily life. 

It would thus seem to be evident that a technological school 
can by no means afford to underestimate the need of broad- 
ening the view and cultivating the imagination of its students. 
What agencies, we may then ask, would best contribute to 
this end ? It goes without saying that technical education 
must be the principal work of the school. Is it possible, 
in view of the heavy demands brought about by the rapid 
development of engineering, to give all necessary instruction 
in technical subjects, and also to extend the student's oudook 
upon the world and to develop his imaginative power? 

I believe that three means contributing toward the 
accomplishment of this result should be considered: — 

470 The Technology Review 

1 . As a probable development of the future, the require- 
ment of at least two years of general college work for en- 

2. As a partial alternative under existing conditions, the 
allotment of as much time as can be spared to general studies 
in the Institute's curriculum, and the creation of new oppor- 
tunities, outside of the regular work, for developing the social 
and cultural sides of the student. 

3. As essential needs under all circumstances: 

(a) Insistence upon the paramount importance of funda- 
mental principles, as distinguished from specific facts and 
technical details. 

(b) The fullest possible recognition and use of the educa- 
tional value of science, both in its cultural aspects and in 
the means it affords of developing the reasoning powers and 
the constructive imagination. 

Let us consider these points in the above order: — 
I. It may be taken for granted that the progress of en- 
gineering will cause more and more difficulty in providing 
suitable technical instruction in a four years' course. Al- 
though I believe this difficulty can be partly met by giving 
less time to the mere acquirement of knowledge and more to 
practice in the solution of new problems, it is evidently no 
simple matter to reconstruct the curriculum on this basis. 
The development of the turbine engine, for example, 
must be recognized in the course of instruction. Its adequate 
treatment, however, demands time, which can be had only 
by eliminating other instruction. So with the theory of 
alternating current machinery, the phenomena of radio- 
activity, and many other subjects of recent development. 
All must find place in the curriculum, which accordingly 
becomes more and more difficult and condensed. The in- 
creasing entrance requirements tend to shift the more elemen- 

Imaginative Element in Technical Education 471 

tary mathematical courses from the Institute to the pre- 
paratory school, and the same may be said of other subjects. 
The inevitable tendency is, therefore, for the purely techni- 
cal courses to crowd out other work. At Sibley College 
this process has eliminated even modem languages from the 
curriculum. At the Institute political economy, English 
literature and composition, history, modem languages, and 
business law are retained, and successful effons have been 
made to provide for much general reading through the adop- 
tion of requirements for summer work. 

It may be expected, then, that the future wilt see the best 
of the technological schools requiring part, at least, of an 
ordinary college course for entrance. Such a result is ear- 
nestly to be desired, in view of the better and broader educa- 
tion rendered possible by such means. The technological 
schools may then devote themselves to professional studies, 
though pure science should always play a very imponant 
part in their work, and every effort should be made to realize 
and develop the more truly educational possibilities of the 
instruction. The rapid increase in the number of college 
graduates at the Institute, and the establishment of a three 
years' course for them, leading to an M.S. degree, are signi- 
ficant signs of the times. 

2. We are told, however, that the average student is not 
in a position to spend six or eight years, after leaving the 
preparatory school, in obtaining an education. Without 
attempting to question the truth of this assenion, the analo- 
gous case of the medical schools seems to indicate that room 
might now be found for one or two technological schools 
requiring two years of college work for entrance. Never- 
theless, I do not favor the immediate adoption of such a 
policy by the Institute. Further experience will show 
whether so radical a departure is essential. For the present 

472 The Technology Review 

we may consider the ordinary course limited to four years, 
and inquire whether it is possible to improve it in any con- 
siderable degree. 

It may be hoped that the successful efforts made by the 
Faculty to retain a considerable number of general studies 
will be followed by an attempt to extend the scope of this 
work. The Institute graduate is in no less need than the 
Harvard graduate of a knowledge of history, literature, 
language, and art. The fact that the one may engage in 
engineering, while the other devotes himself to some other 
business, should draw no line of distinction between them. 
The engineer should know the accomplishments, the 
thoughts, and the ways of the world no less thoroughly than 
they are known by the broker, the banker, or the dealer in 
real estate. His work, as we have said, is not confined to 
the application of certain formulae to the solution of engineer- 
ing problems. It occupies, or should occupy, a broader 
field, in which an understanding of the impelling motives 
and the probable actions, under given conditions, of other 
men is one of the first essentials of success. 

The time will inevitably come when the mass of engineer- 
ing knowledge which must be taught in some form in a four 
years' course will be double or treble what it is to-day. 
What can be done then ? Will it not be possible, through 
the elimination of the less important details and greater 
concentration of attention on fundamental principles, to 
overcome the difficulty .? If so, it seems reasonable to sup- 
pose that something of the sort could be accomplished now, 
leaving time for the inclusion of more general studies in the 
curriculum and for more practice in the solution of prob- 
lems new to the student, by which his creative and reason- 
ing faculties would be developed. 

3. The saving of time should not be the only result of 

Imaginative Element in Technical Education 473 

such reconstruction. There is reason to believe that the 
average student, at the present day, may often fail "to see 
the wood for the trees." His mind is not able to distinguish 
with sufficient clearness between fact and principle. A fact 
may be capable of attractive and forcible illustration, easily 
appealing to the mind. It may perhaps afford a most 
striking example of a general law, but the uninviting aspect 
of the latter, when reduced to a formula, may repel rather 
than attract. The law is soon forgotten, while the illustra- 
tion of its application to a particular case is kept in mind. 

But how, it may be asked, are we to escape the difficulty 
into which we have fallen ? It is held, on the one hand, 
that double advantage may result from even greater atten- 
tion than is now given to fundamental principles. It is ad- 
mitted, on the other, that such principles must, in the nature 
of things, be taught and rendered attractive through just 
such illustrations as are now so effectively employed. Stand- 
ing between the horns of this dilemma, we can only appeal 
for assistance to those who have demonstrated their ability 
in building up the Institute courses. In asking of them 
whether the last word has been said on this subject, we may 
confidently expect a negative reply, for the frequent revision 
to which the courses are subjected demonstrates a deter- 
mination to keep abreast of the times. It may be hoped that 
this reference to the question will not be taken as a trivial 
attempt at criticism, since in their review of the year's work 
the members of the Faculty would probably have in mind 
the query here proposed. 

It is undoubtedly true that no amount of general study 
and no method of teaching science can replace the advan- 
tages of personal experience. On the other hand, it must be 
admitted that, by adopting the best means to acquaint the 
student with the broader aspects of science, results may be 

474 The Technology Review 

accomplished which might otherwise be long delayed. The 
catalogue of the Institute rightly states, in opening its dis- 
cussion of the courses of instruction, that the "fundamental 
elements in the curriculum of the school are mathematics, 
chemistry, and physics." It adds, further, "Instruction in 
technical methods is subordinated to the question of prin- 
ciples, and these principles are studied with the predominant 
purpose of exercising the powers and training the faculties." 
It would be difHcult to prepare a more admirable statement 
of the purposes of the school, and this may seem to render 
any recommendations in this direction superfluous. As in 
the case of general studies, however, where these remarks 
may do no more than second the efforts already made by the 
Faculty, I may be permitted to emphasize the importance 
of extending the application of a principle already recog- 
nized and of adopting any practicable means of widening 
the outlook of the student. 

In remarking upon the desirability of cultivating the scien- 
tific imagination and of developing that breadth of view 
which is most effectively acquired through reflection and ex- 
perience, I have had in mind the fact that the most ferule 
and inspiring of all scientific theories has never, it would 
appear, received adequate recognition in the curriculum 
of educational institutions. I refer to the theory of evolution 
which, when rightly appreciated in its broadest scope, is 
perhaps better competent to awaken the imaginative powers 
and to develop an understanding of the greatest aims of sci- 
ence than any other single conception. Many institutions, 
the Institute among them, give a limited number of under- 
graduates courses involving the study of evolution in one or 
more of its innumerable phases. The opportunity remains, 
however, to present a general course of lectures dealing with 
evolution as applied to the various branches of science, and 

Imaginative Element in Technical Education 475 

to require that it be attended by all students. Such a course, 
if accompanied by collateral reading and illustrated by a 
small museum of carefully selected objeas, would do more, 
in my opinion, to accomplish the purpose in mind than any 
other single agency. 

The natural tendency of the student, from which few 
escape, is to regard science as partitioned off into compart- 
ments, each more or less sufficient unto itself. Every effort 
should be made to break down this tendency, in order that 
it may become clear that science should be considered as a 
whole, particularly if its fullest educational value is to be 
realized. The theory of evolution, on account of its end- 
less range and its importance in almost every branch of 
science, may serve as the best means of illustrating the arbi- 
trary nature of the boundary lines that have been drawn. 
Even in the conception of evolution itself there is a natural 
but undesirable inclination to distinguish, for example, 
between organic and inorganic evolution, and to confine 
general courses of lectures to one or the other branch. What 
the student needs, if this view of the subject be correct, 
is some such picture of the general operation of the evolu- 
tional principle as Spencer has outlined, but so modified as 
to deal with the advances of recent years, and illustrated 
by the best and most striking examples that can be brought 

Such a course of lectures should be arranged on a chrono- 
logical basis, and would therefore open with a popular ac- 
count of recent investigations on the origin and development 
of the heavenly bodies. The rennarkable results of recent 
astronomical photography afford the richest of illustrative 
material for such lectures as these. Nothing could be more 
suggestive than the magnificent whirlpools of the great spiral 
nebulx, which are now considered as the source from which 

476 The Technology Review 

solar and stellar systems are developed. After seeing for him- 
self the forms of these star sources, the student would listen 
with interest to an account of Laplace's nebular hypoth- 
esis and the more recent views which promise to supersede it. 
Then would follow a description of the sun as a typical star, 
and a sketch of stellar growth and development based upon 
modem inquiries. Here the intimate relationship between 
this field of astronomical research and the laboratory studies 
of the physicist and chemist would become apparent. For 
it is possible to solve physical and chemical problems through 
observations of the stars, as well as to solve solar and stellar 
problems through experiments in the laboratory. It would 
be easy, therefore, to introduce at this point such a sketch 
of modem physical and chemical conceptions as would bring 
home to the student the fundamental character of these 
branches of science, their relationship to other branches, 
and their remarkable development in recent years. 

The transition to the next phase of the evolutional subject 
would be so natural as to be imperceptible. The formation 
and development of the earth and of its surface phenomena, 
which it is the function of the geophysicist and the geologist 
to study, involve another application of physical and chemical 
principles. At the present time the processes by which the 
rocks of the earth's crust were formed are being imitated 
in the laboratory, just as solar and stellar conditions are being 
reproduced, in minor degree, by laboratory experiments 
designed for the interpretation of astronomical observations. 
The picture of geological phenomena would be no less strik- 
ing. What better mode of developing the scientific imag- 
ination could be found than that afforded by the conception 
of the early history of the earth ? The rise and fall of moun- 
tains and continents; the changing area of the sea and the 
story of sedimentary deposits revealed in the stratified rocks; 

Imaginative Element in Technical Education 477 

the growth of glaciers and the part they have played in former 
ages; the changes of climate; and, finally, the mysterious 
origin and development of plant and animal life, as first 
illustrated in the fossils, — such a picture as this, if viewed as 
a part of the greater picture which represents evolution as a 
whole, should stimulate the student to further inquiries. 

Having advanced so far, he would eagerly await the ac- 
count of the origin of species which can be given to such 
great advantage in the light of recent research. On the one 
hand there would be the evidence afforded by the countless 
specimens preserved in the rocks from former times, best 
typified perhaps in the case of the horse, whose many-toed 
ancestors can now be seen in an almost unbroken series, 
thanks to the energy and skill of recent investigators. On 
the other hand, even more attractive through the promise 
they hold out of future advances, the laboratory studies of 
experimental evolution, now pursued by both botanists and 
zoologists, would receive consideration. The splendid con- 
ceptions of Darwin and their brilliant exposition by Huxley; 
the clash of rival hypotheses which has since followed; the 
part played by natural selection, on the one hand, and by 
mutation, on the other,^these and many other aspects of 
evolution, from the botanical and zoological standpoint, are 
interesting in their popular appeal and of the highest value 
in developing breadth of view. In all of these lectures the 
personal side should not be forgotten. What better stimulus 
could be offered the student than that arising from an ac- 
quaintance with Darwin, in the quiet surroundings of his 
home, removed from the centres of intellectual activity, 
hampered by constant illness, and yet pursuing long and 
pariently those simple yet remarkable researches which 
formed the basis of "The Origin of Species" ? And what a 
splendid contrast is afforded by the striking successes of 

Technology Review 

Huxley, won in the midst of the turmoil of London, under 
the constant pressure of innumerable public duties! Here 
is an illustration of the most convincing kind that a scientific 
man is not of necessity a recluse, and of the more important 
fact that his work touches upon the concerns of the every- 
day world. 

I might go on to develop, in greater detail and in clearer 
outline, my notion of the character which such a course of 
lectures should assume. Obviously, its limit need not be 
placed at the boundaries of organic evolution. It is much 
for the student to form a mental picture of the unity of science 
and of the orderly progress which culminates in the devel- 
opment of man. But, having pursued to this point the evo- 
lutional idea, he might wish to follow it funher. The origin 
and growth of society, the course of history, the crude 
beginnings and the subsequent refinements of language, — in 
short, the source and progress of every form of material and 
intellectual activity are never to be rightly perceived unless 
in the clear light which the theory of evolution radiates. 

I believe that this single example of the many agencies 
that might lead to the expansion of the student's intellectual 
horizon is one worthy of adoption. If science is to be re- 
garded as not inferior to the humanities in its educational 
possibilities, it is because it deals with the largest and most 
fruitful conceptions, of which evolution is perhaps the great- 
est. While I am not of those who believe that science alone 
is competent to supply all of the student's needs or to take 
the place of the humanities in a well-rounded education, 1 
would nevertheless maintain that, when rightly taught, it may 
do far more than merely to instruct the student as to the 
mechanism and the detailed mode of operation of the proc- 
esses of nature. 

It is unnecessary to remark on the uselessness or even 

Imaginative Element in Technical Education 479 

danger of encouraging the growth of the imaginative power 
unless the power of reason and the capacity to carry projects 
into praaical effect are developed in equal proportion. 
There is no occasion to fear that the practical side will suffer, 
for it is, and must always remain, the most conspicuous part 
of the Institute's work. Nor is there any chance that the 
imagination in such surroundings will outgrow reasonable 
bounds. It is nevertheless well to remember that no amount 
of imagination can replace a lack of common sense. More- 
over, the necessity of discriminating between projects that 
are likely to work out well in practice and those that are 
merely ingenious, while devoid of genuine merit, must always 
be home upon the student's attention. Sound training and 
severe practical experience must furnish the required criteria. 
I have devoted so much attention to this plea for the needs 
of the undeveloped imaginative faculty that I may be sus- 
pected of underestimating the predominant importance of 
the Institute's technical work. Far from believing, however, 
that the school should deal with pure science to the detriment 
of applied science or with the humanities in such a manner 
as to stand in the way of the effective training of the engineer, 
I would support a movement which might extend still further 
the scope and the importance of the technical depanments. 
The rapid development and brilliant success of the Research 
Laboratory of Physical Chemistry are well known. I 
believe not only in the establishment of such a laboratory in 
connection with the department of physics, but also in those 
departments which are more directly concerned with indus- 
trial progress. The recent suggestion of a laboratory of 
industrial chemistry, in which investigations bearing upon 
the needs so constantly encountered in the application of 
chemistry to the arts could be conducted, should receive 
careful consideration. The marked success already achieved 

480 The Technology Review 

by the Sanitary Research Laboratory and Sewage Experi- 
ment Station illustrates the possibilities of such a case. In 
engineering as well there is room for similar developments. 
It would seem that the plans already projected for graduate 
work in engineering should prove of great importance in the 
future development of the Institute. 

It is pleasant to picture the possibilities that seem to lie 
so near at hand. Removed to another site, with a group of 
buildings expressive of the broadened scope of the new In- 
stitute and so attractive architecturally as to impress the 
student in his daily round, the school would be far better able 
than at present to compete with its powerful rivals. The 
provision, wherever feasible, of a separate building for each 
department, in which the fundamental purposes of the de- 
partment might find full expression; the emphasis placed on 
the facilities afforded for the broadest possible education 
and the greatly increased opportunities for graduate and 
research work; the maintenance of the closest relations with 
manufacturing and industrial interests; the correlation, so 
far as possible, of all the researches carried on in the Institute, 
by instructors and students, with reference to their bearing 
upon large investigations of general importance; the formation 
of small but carefully stocked synoptic museums illustrating, 
on the one hand, the work of the various departments and, 
on the other, a course of lectures on evolution such as has 
been outlined; and, finally, the improvement of the student's 
daily life and associations by such agencies as will be afforded 
by the Walker Memorial Building, — by these means, and by 
others of like character, the Institute should be enabled to 
maintain its high reputation and to develop in such a manner 
as to satisfy the best ambitions of the alumni. 

The suggestions offered in this paper may be summarized 
as follows : — 

Imaginative Element in Technical Education 481 

1. The need of greater breadth of view on the part of 
technical school graduates is likely to lead, in the best in- 
stitutions, to the requirement of at least two years of general 
college work for entrance. 

2. At present, on the basis of the existing entrance require- 
ments and a four years' course, the policy of providing for 
more general studies and of developing the student on the 
social and cultural sides should be continued and extended. 

3. The efforts which are being made by various members 
of the Faculty to lay special stress on the importance of 
fundamental principles should receive hearty encouragement. 

4. The fullest possible advantage should be taken of the 
educational value of science. A course of lectures on evo- 
lution is recommended as one of the most promising means 
of broadening the student's conception of science and of 
stimulating his imagination. 

George E. Hale, '90. 

482 The Technology Review 



OCTOBER, 1907 

The Institute of Technology has been especially fortunate 
in the men who have been willing to serve h