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Technology review 

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Alumni Association, 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Association of Class 


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Committee on Pnbticattm 

Jambs Phinnet Monroe, 'Sa Arthur Amos Noyes, '86 

Walter Bradlee Snow, '82 Walter Humphreys, '97 

Isaac White Litchfield, '85 

Published by the Alumni Association 

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Massachusetts Institute of Technology 

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The Technology Review 

Vol. XI. JANUARY, 1909 No. i 


To THE Alumni of the Institute: — 

Genilemeriy — ^I have been so much touched by the cordial 
greetings that you have sent to me from various parts of 
die Union, that I take the first opportunity of assuring you 
collectively that I prize your good-will very highly, and 
shall strive to retain it. I know enough of the history of 
the Institute to realize, in a measure, how much it owes to 
the support of its alumni and I am pleased with the pros- 
pect that there will be no diminution of that support in 
the future. 

I come to the Institute because of my profound convic- 
tion of the importance of sound technological training and 
of the splendid field for service that is thus opened to me. 
It has so often been my lot to urge the claims of technological 
education before an apathetic audience that it is a peculiar 
pleasure to address a body of men that needs no urging in 
the matter. You have all realized that, in the field of indus- 
try, rule-of-thumb has been unhorsed and science placed 
firmly in the saddle. You know, too, that, in the fierce 
struggle of today between individuals and nations, that 
man and that race is doomed that lacks the accurate knowl- 
edge which science fosters and the power which such 
knowledge gives to a mind that is alert. 

Knowledge and power have doubdess been watchwords 
at the Institute throughout its history. I trust that they 
will ever remain so, and that whoever presides over its 
destinies will see that no effort is spared to make it respected 
as a place of sound learning and accurate knowledge, and 
that this knowledge is imparted under such conditions as 

B lS!3:n 

i^vi*^ivj-^D Digitized by VjOOQIC 

2 The Technology Review 

will develop and not cramp the natural powers of the 

The Institute has unfolded wonderfully in the past, and 
I know that you will watch with interest its future growth. 
I shall do my best to maintain its great traditions and shall 
enter upon die task strong in the assurance of your loyalty 
and co-operation. It has much in its favour, — a great repu- 
tation for thoroughness and efficiency, a distinguished and 
energetic faculty, a loyal and enthusiastic body of alumni 
devoted to its interests and ready to make great sacrifices 
to further its advancement. You know, however, better 
than I, that it also labours under certain disadvantages. 
These we must do our best to remove as speedily as possible, 
and the problem to which we must devote our energy most 
strenuously in the immediate future is to obtain a site and 
buildings that will free the institution from its cramped 
posture and enable it to develop naturally. I need scarcely 
assure you that I have far more concern for its inner worth 
than for its outer show. I do not advocate show, but I 
believe that such an institution should have a dignified site 
and buildings and that its inner worth will suffer very seri- 
ously if it has not. 

The Institute is already a great one, known and respected 
throughout the world by all that have any interest in tech- 
nology. We need have no fear for its future greatness; for, 
whatever be the new conditions under which it works, I 
feel sure that it will retain something of the old spirit, 
that spirit of thoroughness, breadth, high-mindedness, and 
loyalty that makes the brand of a Tech man. 

Yours sincerely, 

Richard C. Maclaurin- 

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Our New President 


A Man eminently fitted by Ejcperience and Personal Qualities 
to direct the Affairs of the Institute 

On the nth of November the Corporation elected Richard C. 
Maclaurin, M.A., LL.D., Sc.D., to the presidency of the Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology. 

The news that the important question of an executive head for 
the Institute had been settled was received with rejoicing by the 
alumni, Faculty, and friends of the school; for it seemed to insure the 
immediate consideration of those questions which must play such a 
vital part in the future development of our institution and the re- 
tention of its leadership in technological education. With a broad 
and comprehensive plan that includes the removal to a site not too 
remote from the present home, where more ample provision can be 
made for the social and physical well-being of the students, and 
where the facilities will be more adequate to meet successfully new 
problems .as they arise, no one need fear for the future. This is 
especially true since the execution of this plan is to be intrusted to 
a man in the prime of life, who believes in "preserving the tradi- 
tions of the past and striving along the same general lines for the 
same great ends," whose enthusiasm and optimism do not allow 
him to believe that the alumni of the Institute and the people of 
Massachusetts will permit this school's brilliant achievements to 
fade through lack of financial support, and whose motto is "a bold 
policy, a courageous policy of trust in the future." 

While wc welcome the new leader, we wish, at the same time, 
to pay tribute to our Acting President, Dr. Noyes, who has guided 
our Alma Mater with such wisdom and foresight during the last 
two years. A leader in the field of physical chemistry, he left the 
quiet of his laboratory for the atmosphere of administration, with 
its less congenial social and public activities, at the call of the Cor- 

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4 The Technology Review 

poration, and his unselfish devotion and able administration have 
won for him the regard and gratitude of all. Unwilling himself to 
assume the duties of executive office permanently, he has been active 
in the selection of the new President. It is a source of gratification 
to all alumni that the Institute will continue to enjoy the benefit of 
his experience and ripe scholarship. 

The Institute has been fortunate in the men who have shaped her 
policies and administered her affairs in the past, and it is the sincere 
belief of those who know Dr. Madaurin that he will prove a worthy 
successor to the distinguished leaders who have preceded him. A 
brilliant scholar in two quite distinct branches of learning, mathe- 
matical physics and the law, an administrator of experience, a man of 
broad culture and varied interests extending far beyond the domains 
of his profession, withal a man of simple and democratic tastes, he 
brings to the office of President unusual qualifications. The fact 
that Dr. Maclaurin was bom in Scotland, educated in New Zealand 
and England, and was from 1898 until February last a professor in 
the University at Wellington, New Zealand, may lead some to 
assume that he is unfamiliar with our American political and edu- 
cational institutions. The truth is that Dr. Maclaurin is astonish- 
ingly well acquainted with our own universities. He spent nearly 
a year in the United States and Canada in 1895, in a careful study 
of our educational methods, and by the time he is inducted into 
office in Boston he will have held for a year and a half the position 
of professor of mathematical physics at Columbia University, New 
York city, in succession to Dr. Woodward, now president of the 
Carnegie Institution, and, as secretary of the department of 
physics at Columbia, will have enjoyed unusually close association 
with that great university. 

Besides this knowledge of our own methods, Dr. Maclaurin wil 
bring to the Institute familiarity with the best practice of other 
lands. Called to New Zealand as professor of mathematics in the 
University at Wellington in 1898, he was soon afterwards chosen 
chairman of the Faculty, an administrative position somewhat 
analogous to that of president in an American college, and later on 
was made dean of the Law School. While chairman of the Faculty 

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Our New President 5 

he travelled extensively through the British Empire, France, and 
Germany, studying the educational systems of those countries, in 
order to give to the development of higher education in New Zealand 
and Australia the best that the older civilizations could offer. It 
was natural for him to give particular attention to the subject of 
technological education in the countries visited, because, as a 
mathematician and physicist, he realized the important part that 
technological education was to play in the industrial and economic 
development of Australasia. 

It will be of interest to those familiar with the traditions of the In- 
stitute to know that Dr. Maclaurin is in sympathy with an impor- 
tant principle which has always prevailed with us, — that of granting 
to the Faculty a large measure of influence in shaping the educational 
policies of the school. He has recently expressed himself on the 
subject somewhat as follows: "The Faculty, if properly chosen, 
must always contain a large number of men whose opinions as to 
the educational policy of the Institute are most weighty. Many 
such matters they must understand far more thoroughly than 
either the President or the Corporation, and it would be the 
height of folly for the latter not to recognize this and act upon it. 
I believe that the Faculty ought to be given to understand that it 
is in a large measure responsible for the educational policy of the 
Institute. In these days there are so many forces at work tending 
to draw men away from teaching, especially in the field of technology, 
that no opportunity must be neglected of adding to the attractive- 
ness and dignity of the profession. One means to that end is to 
let the Faculty realize that it may play a leading part in shaping 
the destinies of the Institute. '* 

Dr. Maclaurin is also in hearty sympathy with the Institute's 
insistence upon an intermingling of the humanistic with the scien- 
tific and technical subjects. He is entirely opposed to the over- 
crowding of the curriculum with a mass of technical subjects that 
would better be acquired in the school of practice and experience. 
The sacrifice in the undergraduate courses of the fundamental 
sdendfic structure of engineering for the teaching of engineering 
practice does not meet with his approval. He believes in a training 

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6 The Technology Review 

that will stimulate the mental and human faculties in a way to 
develop the power to meet and solve the new problems as they 
arise in the world of affairs. 

In regard to athletics, Dr. Maclaurin takes the sane and moderate 
view held by most men trained in England. He believes in the 
importance of a sufficient amount of physical exercise to keep the 
body in the condition necessary for the most efficient service, and 
he may be relied upon to foster the rational system of athletics 
that has been developed within recent years at the Institute. 

Dr. Maclaurin has a personality that draws men to him. His 
simple and unassuming manner carries with it an assurance of 
sincerity, and his keen sense of humor and the richness and variety 
of his experience and information lend an unusual charm to his 
conversation. He makes friends quickly; and, as the acquaintance 
advances, the largeness of the man becomes more apparent. This 
power to attract men to him insures cordial and sympathetic re- 
lations between the President and the student body, and will in 
time, without doubt, win for him the affectionate regard of the 

Dr. Maclaurin has been twice honored by the University of Cam- 
bridge, England. In 1904 he received the degree of Doctor of Laws 
in recognition of his achievements in the law and the importance of 
his legal work on the "Title to Realty." Last summer he received 
the much-coveted degree of Doctor of Science for his attainments 
in mathematics and physics. In this connection the following 
appreciation from J. Larmor, Sc.D., F.R.S., secretary of the 
Royal Society, an authority pre-eminent in the domain of mathe- 
matical physics, may be of interest. Dr. Larmor says, **I am 
able without hesitation to express my judgment that R. C. Maclaurin 
is a skilful and profound mathematician, quite of the first rank." 

In February, 1908, Dr. Maclaurin published the first volume 
of a treatise on "Physical Opdcs." Of this volume the Philo- 
sopbical Magazine says: "There have been so many advanced 
treadses on Physical Optics in the last few years that it might 
be thought to be superfluous to produce another. The present 
volume is, however, of so singular and at the same time of so im- 

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Our New President 7 

portant a character that no excuse is necessary for its birth. . . . 
The distinctive feature is that a large part of the volume embodies 
in a modified form the substance of a series of papers of the author 
published within recent years by the Royal Society. In its thorough- 
ness of treatment of the more recondite cases of interference there 
is no treatise in the field to compare with it. . . . We recommend 
this book to every serious student of Physical Optics." 

From all the evidence at hand, then, it would seem that the Cor- 
poration has been very fortunate in securing the services of so emi- 
nent and well-trained a man as Dr. Maclaurin, and we have every 
reason to anticipate a wise and able administration. In this con- 
nection, however, the alumni should bear in mind that no man, 
be he ever so sagacious and devoted, can be expected to solve 
single-handed the problems that now confront the Institute. It 
is earnestly to be hoped, therefore, that the friends of the Institute 
will show their confidence in the new President, not only by the 
cordial and enthusiastic welcome they accord him, but also by a 
hearty co-operation with him in all his endeavors, and especially 
by a substantial and generous support of his financial policy. 

George V. Wendell, '92. 

A Directory of Non-Graduates 

The Alumni Association is now securing information in regard 
to the former students of the Institute preparatory to the publica- 
tion of a register of former students, not graduates, which shall 
be as complete as it is possible to make it. It would be very desir- 
able to have this register include the names of all former students, 
both graduates and non-graduates, for the influence of the non- 
graduates has been so strong and so helpful that the degree carries 
practically no distinction for purposes of the Alumni Association. 
Your co-operation is earnestly desired in order that the list may 
be complete. The book will be published as soon as the matter 
can be properly collected and compiled. 

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8 The Technology Review 


A Summaiy of Notable Technology Advances since 1898 

A college with a reputation to sustain is supposed to be the 
embodiment of conservatism and to progress only as the family 
"carryall" does in contrast with a sixty-horse-power car. Yet to 
ready even runningly, the ten stout volumes of the Review sets 
one's head whirling with the rapid passing of the educational pano- 
rama. To look back one year is to gain an impression that Insti- 
tute growth is as slow as geological accretion: to look back ten 
years is to wonder how such earthquakes and volcanoes of change 
could have happened without our paying heed. 

It is true that old Rogers Building still stands majestic, the serene 
centre of Institute life; that the Walker Building remains its ugly 
self; that the Garrison street shops and the Gymnasium continue 
inaccessible; and that Engineering A and Engineering B patiently 
await christening by some million-dollar donor. But, in addition, 
there have arisen, during these ten years, the Pierce Building, the 
Augustus Lowell Laboratories, Engineering C, and the Tech Union, 
doubling the floor space of the Institute, yet leaving teachers and 
students still in cruel straits for room. 

The decade of the Review's life has not only seen Technology 
continuing to outgrow its buildings, it has witnessed a revolution 
in opinion regarding the meeting of that ceaseless need for space. 
In 1899 the mere rumor that the Institute might move was indig- 
nantly denied or was dismissed as an academic question with which 
this generation need not deal: today the question of the Institute's 
site is the most pregnant and imperative of immediate problems. 
From a general belief that the school would best remain where it 
is to a wide-spread demand that it should take the radical step of 
removal to a new and ample situation, where its buildings may be 
planned upon a scale of dignity worthy of the leading school of 

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Ten Years of the Review 9 

architecture in America, and where it may have room to work out 
the newest problems of real education, is a long journey to take in 
one decade. 

It is, however, along the intangible paths of ideals, of teaching 
atmosphere, of undergraduate and graduate spirit, and of effective 
loyalty, that the Institute has made its greatest advances during the 
first ten years of the Review. In mere numbers progress has been 
phenomenal, for more than half of the whole body of alumni have 
attained that enviable state since 1898; but the main significance 
lies in the fact that the training of these four thousand young men 
before leaving the Institute, and their conception of their relations 
to the school after they go out, is vastly different from what it used 
to be. Ten years ago what was the Alumni Association ? A very 
loose aggregation of widely scattered persons, a small number of 
whom paid their dues and a still smaller proportion of whom came 
together annually to dine and to give rather chilly greeting to the 
graduating class. There were a few branch associations in strategic 
centra like Chicago and New York; but not many of their mem- 
bers regarded his organization as responsible for the furthering of 

Today, however, what do we mean when we speak of the alumni 
of the Institute? We mean a body of 4,129 active members, an 
equally loyal body of 350 elected associate members, and a third 
body of 4,166 potential associate members, many of whom already 
are and most of whom would gladly be active workers for the In- 
stitute. We mean, moreover, not simply a perfunctory organiza- 
tion with some local branches: we mean a vitally knit family of 
men, loving and believing in Technology and what it stands 
for, a family that has established centres of Technology life in 
twenty-five sections of the country as well as in Boston itself, that 
is maintaining a busy alumni ofiice for the conducting of large 
Institute enterprises, that has taken upon itself the supervision of 
and a large responsibility for the athletic and social side of under- 
graduate experience, that has subscribed a hundred thousand dol- 
lars for a Walker Memorial which shall be the controlling centre 
of this student life, that has given an additional unfettered quarter of 

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lO The Technology Review 

a million towards the immediate support of the school, and that, 
through the nomination of fifteen of its members to the Corporation, 
has shown its willingness and its capacity to assume a major share 
in carrying the heavy burdens of administration. To signalize 
this new spirit, the body of past students held, in 1904, a Reunion 
which, in its extent, its genuine fervor, its demonstration that the 
man who goes to college primarily to work can have as fine and 
abiding a college spirit as he who goes there mainly to enjoy an 
^'athletic club for gentlemen," astonished Boston and amazed 

This new spirit of the alumni, originally kindled at Tech, nat- 
urally finds itself again reflected in the Institute. The most marked 
change, of course, is in those future alumni, the undergraduates. 
To one whose acquaintance with Institute life stopped ten years , 
ago, it seems almost incredible that the present student may enjoy, 
if he choose to enter it, an all-round, rational social life so 
essential to youthful development. Such a life used to be thought 
impossible without cultural leisure, academic groves, and dormi- 
tories, and to be believed incompatible with a spirit of hard work. 
Since 1898, however, there has grown up, naturally, healthily, and 
without damage to Institute standards, a college atmosphere at 
Technology which, blossoming partially at the temporary Tech 
Union on Garrison street, promises to reach full and satisfactory 
fruition in the new Tech Union on Trinity Place, a house given 
to the students by the Technology Fund and by gifts of generous 
friends. In the management of this Union the undergrad- 
uates are being given direct, and, to a large degree, controlling 

To understand this new undergraduate spirit, one must be in 
the very midst of it. But significant surface indications are: a 
rarional fraternity life, through which a considerable number of 
undergraduates find good living, pleasant companionship and an 
excellent administrative experience, in houses which they occupy 
in the Institute's vicinity; the increasing patronage of "commons," 
furnished so excellently by Mrs. King's lunch-room and the old 
Union, and now expanded into the great dining-room of the new 

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Ten Years of the Review 1 1 

Tech Union; the establishing of state, city, or preparatory school 
clubs which dine together at frequent intervals; the creation of 
numerous professional societies wherein the men, through their 
own or others' talk upon technical and non-technical problems, 
enlarge their outlook upon their future professions; the develop- 
ment of "Junior Week" festivities, which, besides the more frivo- 
lous things of youth, bring forward Technique, acknowledged 
to be the best of college annuals, and the "Tech Show," written 
by the men themselves, and reaching a standard of amateur per- 
formance which is very high; and the growth of the The Tech into 
a tri-weekly newspaper of true journalistic flavor and influence. 

Athletics, however, is one of the surest gauges of undergraduate 
sanity; and therein these ten years have seen most commendable 
gains. They have witnessed the abolishing of the "cane rush," 
so childish and finally so fatal, and the substitution of "Field Day," 
when sophomore and freshman come together in a true test of 
prowess through manly sports. They have seen the making of 
** Technology Field," with its excellent opportunities for track 
athledcs; the joint management of athletics by alumni and under- 
graduates; the founding of the Cabot Medals for the greatest 
individual progress in physical condidon; the incalculably useful 
work of a regularly appointed medical adviser; the employment of 
an instructor in gymnastics, as well as an athletic trainer; and, 
finally, the establishing of physical training as a required course 
for all members of the first-year class. All this has been facili- 
tated by the moving and rebuilding of the gymnasium. 

To meet this immense growth in student life and organization, — 
a development now recognized as an essential part of collegiate 
education, — ^the administration of the Institute has, during the 
short life of the Review, been wholly reorganized. In addition to 
the President, Secretary, and Treasurer, — oflScers coexistent with 
the Institute, — ^there are now a Dean, whose business it is 
to know and advise the students; a Registrar and a Recorder, 
whose dudes and interests do not stop at the mere receiving and 
transmitdng of records; a Bursar, whose interpretation of fiduciary 
responsibility includes a high sense of obligation toward the varied 

Digitized by 


12 The Technology Review 

needs of students; and (latest to be created) a Publicity Official, 
who wisely conceives his first duty to be the bringing of Corpora- 
tion, Faculty, alumni, and undergraduates into closer knowledge 
of the Institute and of one another. 

The administrative officers, however, are not alone in enlarging 
the opportunities of the undergraduate and therefore the Institute's 
whole educational field. The members of the Faculty, always 
brought, through the Institute's methods of teaching, into un- 
usually close relations with their students, have found new ways of 
utilizing that greatest force in education, the personal influence of 
the individual teacher upon the individual student. Notably in 
the department of English, a well-conceived system of student 
advisers places practically every young man in the Institute under 
the sympathetic direction of men specially chosen for their wisdom 
in such work, who admonish the youth not only as to his English, 
but as to his whole Institute experience. Moreover, through an 
admirable spirit of co-operation, the technical writings of students 
in many of the courses are now examined by the English depart- 
ment and weighed for their literary quality, thus emphasizing the 
supreme importance of the power of expression. This plan is being 
extended, wherever practicable, to other departments of instruc- 
tion. Convocations, too, are held, at intervals, by which the whole 
Institute is assembled to hear some man of prominence speak 
upon problems of wide significance and value. A minor activity, 
but one of deep moment, is the encouraging of the students to 
sing together. To this end has been published (the second edi- 
tion through the gift of a recent graduating class) a Technology 
Song Book, largely compiled by the lamented Bullard, '87, and 
enshrining his "Stein Song" as his chiefest legacy to Tech. For 
these enlargements of social opportunity for the undergraduate 
the Institute is in perpetual debt to the initiative of President 

The marked development of Technology since the issuing of 
the first number of the Review has not been limited, however, to 
undergraduate activities and relationships. In these ten years 
not only has the tuition fee been raised, but the requirements for 

Digitized by 


Ten Years of the Review 13 

admission have been very materially advanced; yet the numbers in 
attendance have increased (with some fluctuadons) from an aver- 
age of about twelve hundred to one of about fifteen hundred. 
The instructing staff has been enlarged from 164 to 245; two 
new courses (in Naval Architecture and in Electrochemistry) 
have been established; most of the elder courses have under- 
gone extensive revision, to meet newer conceptions of educa- 
tion in applied science; the side of research work has been greatly 
strengthened and extended, with the creation of special research 
laboratories of physical chemistry, applied chemistry and sanitary 
science; the proportion of graduates of other colleges in attendance 
has been increased from 6 to 13 per cent.; and the degree of 
Doctor of Philosophy has been awarded to six candidates within 
the past two years. Such large questions as the relations of 
the Institute to the public, to the secondary schools, to the general 
problem of engineering education, and to the special problems 
of English teaching, mathematical teaching, and the development 
of literary taste, have had profound study, with notable and con- 
crete results; and^the furnishing of evening instruction to indus- 
trial employees seeking to fit themselves for administrative posi- 
tions, admirably worked out, with Institute co-operation, in the 
Lowell Institute School for Industrial Foremen, is in a fair way of 
being attempted on a more extended scale. Furthermore, the Fac- 
ulty has evolved a plan — ^which but awaits more favorable indus- 
trial conditions — ^for conducting, in co-operation with one of the 
largest industries of Greater Boston, joint theoretical and practical 
instruction to youth who cannot give all their time to attendance 
upon one of the regular courses at the Institute. 

Of lesser, but nevertheless of vital consequence to the Insti- 
tute has been the steady development in strength and usefulness, 
during these ten years, of the Technology Club, which, as a focus 
for alunmi activity and a gathering place for the members of the 
instructing staff, plays a part no less important than that to be 
taken, for the undergraduates, by the projected Walker Memorial. 
The possession of this central meeting-place helped undoubtedly 
towards the success of the Association of Class Secretaries, which 

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14 The Technology Review 

has been the active supporter, not only of the Review, but of 
every good effort for the Institute, and which is now to enlarge 
Its field of work in connection with the government of the Alumni 
Association, thereby greatly strengthening that body's influence. 
Significant, too, have been the public functions which have taken 
place at the Institute since 1898, — the inauguration of President 
Pritchett in 1900, and the celebration of the one hundredth anni- 
versary of the birth of President Rogers in 1904. And of untold 
value in awakening and bringing together the alumni, ^he Faculty 
and the Corporation has been the discussion of the proposed alli- 
ance with Harvard University, — a controversy which loomed so 
large during 1904 and 1905. Whatever one's opinion as to the 
merits of that dispute, he must acknowledge that nothing else 
could have so effectively melted old indifferences and stimulated 
new activities. Largely out of that trial by fire has come the 
splendid spirit of co-operation which is to be the watchword of 
the great coming Reunion of 1909, and which will make the his- 
tory to be recorded in the next ten years of the Review signifi- 
cant and fruitful beyond that of any previous decade. 

It would be foolish for the Review to claim any large share of 
credit for these and for the many other advances which have taken 
place in Institute life and in Technology efficiency; but it would 
be unfair to itself and its supporters not to ask due appreciation 
of the part which it has played. It may do this without arro- 
gance, since its role has been a purely passive one. The Review 
has been a clearing house in which the many views of many minds 
might be exchanged; it has been a mirror in which Institute ten- 
dencies might be reflected, classified, and given direction; it has 
been a forum which studiously excluded partisanship. Even in the 
most dramatic period of recent Technology history, that in which 
fundamental policies were being hotly canvassed, the Review 
preserved a judicial attitude and presented arguments upon this 
complex question from every point of view. 

It is not to claim too much, however, to assert that the spirit of 
co-operation which lies at the root of most of what has been done 
since 1898 could have been fostered only with great difficulty, even 

Digitized by 


Ten Years of the Review 15 

could it have been aroused at all, had there been no Review in 
which to focus widely scattered sentiment and wherein to make 
known constructive policies. To serve this necessary purpose was 
the avowed function of the magazine in the beginning, and remains 
its main aim today. That it has in some measure succeeded is 
indicated, its projectors believe, by the hearty and unflagging sup- 
port of all the great forces that combine to make up this intangible 
entity, which, infinitely larger than its crowded buildings, infi- 
nitely broader than its narrow acreage, dominates so large a field 
in education and in American life. 

James P. Munrob, '82. 

The Best Men Wanted 

The increase in honors that are coming to the Institute, and the 
new vistas that are opening before it, will undoubtedly attract a 
large entrance class; and, as Dr. Noyes indicates in his annual 
report to the Corporation, the larger body of applicants must go 
through some selective process, as our facilities will not allow us 
to accept all who apply for an education. Several of the classes 
have discussed this matter, and have started a propaganda to inter- 
est in Technology a class of young men who have the best type 
of manhood and high natural ability. These efforts are to be con- 
centrated on a comparatively few men having the best qualifica- 
tions, and these classes have appointed committees to make special 
investigation of the candidates suggested. These names are to 
be passed to Dean Burton, who will see that proper literature is 
sent to the young men and that they are fully informed in regard 
to the Institute. 

If any of our readers know of any men fitting for college wha 
are of high character, good natural ability, and well-rounded de- 
velopment, — choice men, — ^we shall be glad to have the names, and 
present the advantages of the Institute properly. 

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1 6 The Technology Review 


A View of what the Research Laboratory of Applied 
Chemistry is and may be to the Country 

We have, as a nation, acquired the habit of being vastly satis- 
fied with what we have accomplished. We marvel at our enter- 
prise in scraping iron ore from the earth's surface by steam shovels, 
in growing wheat on virgin soil, in stripping great areas of primeval 
forest, in burning natural gas and allowing petroleum to spout 
from the ground. Even Germany acknowledges that she cannot 
compete with us in raising cotton, and we cut more ice in a month 
in the single state of Maine than all the Pictet machines in France 
can turn out in a year. We control the copper market of the world 
— because we have the copper. If you want cheap sulphur, you 
must come to us, we pump it from the ground. We develop great 
centres of power distribution because our rivers run so fast down 

To these vast resources we have, indeed, brought a native energy, 
an unusual capacity for organization, and a genius for mechanical 
affairs. What we do, we do on a great scale, but we often do it 
very badly. It is quite time for us to pause in our self-congratula- 
tion long enough to inquire whether the things we are doing can- 
not be better done, whether, in fact, other nations have not devel- 
oped and put to use much better methods, which, given equal oppor- 
tunity, would put our own performance to the blush. 

Although the resources of a country form the basis of its pros- 
perity, this is, nevertheless, determined in the long run by the man- 
ner in which these resources are utilized, or, in other words, by the 
industrial efficiency of the means and methods of production. We 
have developed great transportation systems, we handle raw 
material on a titanic scale, we have applied machinery to the 

Digitized by 


Laboratory for Public Service 17 

addressing of our letters and the sticking of the stamps, but it 
remains true none the less that with a few conspicuous exceptions 
our manufacturing operations are carried forward in trustful igno- 
rance and disregard of many of the factors upon which real indus- 
trial efficiency depends. This is shown in the stupendous waste 
which accompanies the first crude preparation of the raw material; 
it is shown in the general absence of a true selective economy in 
the apportionment of that raw material among the different indus- 
txieSy and it is shown again, and yet again, in the losses which attend 
nearly every step in the progress of the raw material toward the 
finished product. One need only refer to the wastes which attend 
lumbering, or the growing of flax for seed, the making of coke in 
bee-hive ovens, and the failure to utilize the casein of skim milk 
as a high-grade food product, to realize vaguely something of what 
these initial losses are. The absence of proper selective economy 
in the adaptation of raw material to use is everywhere, as wly^n 
our railroads use untreated ties and poles, when coal-tar is burned 
as fuel, crjrstal alum used for purif}ang water, or valuable publica- 
tions printed on ground-wood papers. We are still polluting our 
streams with wool grease, still wondering whether we can make 
alcohol from waste molasses, still buying coal without reference 
to heating power, and paying 65 cents a gallon for cylinder oil. 

When wastes so obvious and so easily remedied are everywhere 
taking heavy toll of our manufacturers, it is not surprising that in 
all lines of productive effort subtle and elusive problems present 
themselves and still further lower our industrial efficiency. Steel 
rails break by thousands, trolley wires snap, boilers corrode, milk- 
cans rust, unsightly bloom appears on leather, cloth is stained or 
tendered, paints fail to protect the metal underneath. In a large 
proportion of cases those who are confronted by the problem have 
neither the time, the training, nor the equipment required for its 
solution and yet such problems and thousands of others far more 
complex upon their face must be solved, if our industrial efficiency 
is to be brought to its proper level. 

No one at all conversant with the facts can doubt that our indus- 
trial salvation must be found in a closer alliance and co-operation 

Digitized by 


1 8 The Technology Review 

between the scientific worker and the actual agencies of produc- 
tion. Such co-operation exists, as we are all beginning to learn, 
in Germany, and its results are evident throughout the world in the 
tremendous expansion of German industry. In our own country 
no agency has done more to supply the little leaven which may yet 
leaven the whole industrial lump than the Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology, and her graduates, by hundreds, are doing yeoman 
service in the development of our resources and the application of 
the scientific method to our practice. So far this is altogether as it 
should be, but in the present condition of our manufactures it is by 
no means enough. The time has come to bring the splendid scien- 
tific organization and equipment of the Institute to bear directly 
upon our industrial problems as an aggressive force working for 
their solution. 

Since all material is subject to chemical laws and its properties 
an4 behavior influenced or determined by these laws, it follows that a 
large number, probably by far the greater number, of our industrial 
problems are problems in applied chemistry. No better field 
for the initiation of work intended to be directly effective in its 
bearing upon industrial efficiency could therefore have been chosen 
by the Institute authorities than that of research in applied chem- 
istry upon some basis which renders the results obtained immediately 
available to those responsible for the conduct of industrial affairs. 

That the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has found it 
possible to lead her sister institutions in the establishment of the 
Research Laboratory of Applied Chemistry is due to the generosity 
of Charles W. Hubbard, Esq., in supplying the funds required for 
the initial organization and beginning of its work. 

The general object of the Laboratory is that of increasing the 
efficiency of industrial effort by carefully focussed and directed 
research in chemistry as applied to particular phases and problems 
of actual practice, but what gives the Laboratory its unique posi- 
tion is the relation in which it aims to stand to industry throughout 
the country. It will, so far as possible, be made a clearing house 
for problems in applied chemistry. Many of the expected prob-* 
lems have doubtless been already solved elsewhere, others may at 

Digitized by 


Laboratory for Public Service 19 

the time be engaging the attention of outside specialists. In the 
one case the solution will be immediately forthcoming, in the other 
the Laboratory will endeavor to bring the applicant into touch 
with those studying the problem in other laboratories. There 
will remain, however, many problems of wide importance in their 
bearing upon industry, and from among these the Laboratory will 
select for its direct attack as many as its funds permit, giving pref- 
erence always to those which promise in their solution to prove 
of greatest benefit to the community. Without attempting to indi- 
cate the lines along which this public setvice of the Laboratory 
may develop, one may, by way of illustration, point to such sub- 
jects for investigation as the cause and prevention of the corrosion 
of lead pipe, the breakage of steel rails, the waterproofing of cement 
structures, the utilization of wastes which now involve nuisance, 
the study of the atmosphere of street-cars and the conditions under- 
lying proper ventilation, the relation of material and treatment to 
the brittleness of pottery, or the fireproofing of theatre scenery. 

Not only will such altruisdc service place the profession of chem- 
istry upon a higher plane in the regard of the community by making 
evident the directness of its concern with the affairs of daily life, 
but the institution which fosters and inculcates service of this kind 
will benefit in even greater measure. Splendid as the prestige of the 
Institute already is and wide as her influence extends, both will gain 
immeasurably as the college through all its various departments 
becomes a focus in which is concentrated the attack upon the 
material problems of the time. 

All this, so far as it relates to the Research Laboratory of Applied 
Chemistry, does not mean that the Laboratory will not welcome 
problems which have a specific and limited application to particular 
industries; for it is through problems of this class that the Labora- 
tory will be brought into closest touch with industry and enabled 
to make its influence most directly and immediately felt by those 
whom it would benefit. No propaganda preaching the industrial 
value of research will make converts half so quickly as the actual 
solution of the particular problems by which the individual manu- 
facturer is confronted and perplexed. For these reasons, no less 

Digitized by 


20 The Technology Review 

than for the more compelling fact that it is to the manufacturers 
thus aided that the Laboratory at this stage of its development 
must look for its support, a large proportion of its work will be 
directed along Hnes suggested by the manufacturers themselves 
and leading, if successful, to their individual benefit. 

The new Laboratory will constitute a division of the Department 
of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, of which Dr. Henry P. 
Talbot is the head. To his foresight, breadth of view, and strong 
support must be attributed much of the promise of its scope and 
plan. The immediate direction of the Laboratory and responsi- 
bility for its results will be, however, in the hands of Dr. William H. 
Walker as Director of the Research Laboratory of Applied Chemistry. 
The selection of Dr. Walker for this important position is a pecu- 
liarly happy one, for he brings to the work a thoroughly well-trained 
mind, a fine record of attainment, an enthusiasm and energy which 
his students have found contagious, and a temperamental fitness 
for research along industrial lines. Dr. Walker is at the beginning 
of his usefulness. He was graduated in 1890 from Pennsylvania 
State College, an institution which has turned out many men of 
more than usual capacity. His collegiate training was supple- 
mented by a university course at Gottingen, which led to his Ph.D. 
degree. He returned to State College as instructor in chemistry 
for two years, and came to the Institute as instructor in analytical 
chemistry in the autumn of 1894. Here his marked success in 
imparting his own enthusiasm to his students led to his rapid 
advancement to an assistant professorship; and later, after some 
years of direct contact with industrial affairs as partner in a large 
commercial laboratory, he was offered and accepted a full professor- 
ship in industrial chemistry. This position he still retains, thus 
making the experience gained in the Research Laboratory of Applied 
Chemistry directly effective in the routine instruction of the Insti- 
tute. Dr. Walker's activities and interests have given him a notably 
wide general knowledge in the field of chemistry as applied to 
industry and a direct contact with many special lines of manu- 
facture. His more recent studies and perhaps his most notable 
achievements have been concerned with the corrosion of metals. 

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Laboratory for Public Service 21 

The paper in which his discoveries were announced was awarded 
the Nichols gold medal. 

Dr. Walker has selected as his Research Associates Dr. Warren K. 
Lewis, M. I. T. '05, who earned his Ph.D. at Breslau, and Dr. 
William Guertler, a graduate of Gdttingen and later PrivatJocent 
at the University of Berlin, where he specialized in the chemistry 
of alloys. Both men bring an exceptional equipment to the work. 

In addition to the Research Associates, who form the nucleus of 
the organization, the Laboratory staff already includes two half- 
time assistants, who also devote themselves to instruction, and three 
advanced students working for higher degrees. 

The Laboratory is at present located on the fifth floor of the 
Pierce Building, where quarters barely suflicient for its immediate 
needs have been secured by rearrangement of the space devoted 
to other work. No prophetic vision is required to see this space 
outgrown or to follow the development of the Laboratory to the 
point where its necessities and the demands of manufactures upon 
it will require a separate building and elaborate special equipment. 

As the Laboratory gains the confidence of manufacturers, their 
own facilities for experiment upon the large industrial scale will 
naturally be placed in increasing measure at its disposal. It is not 
too much to hope that the relations thus established may ultimately 
lead to the equipment and maintenance of many small special 
laboratories, all under the direction of the Research Laboratory, 
but each situated at the point of best study and attack for a par- 
ticular industry, as at Gary for iron and steel or in the Lehigh 
Valley for cement. The possibilities for teaching industrial chem- 
istry along altogether new lines and to incomparably better purpose 
which such a scheme of development holds out deserve the careful 
study of every friend of industrial education. 

The recognition of the importance of the work of the Laboratory 
and its promise of helpfulness has been so prompt and general 
that already the need for additional funds has become imperative, 
if even the immediate oportuniries are to be seized. The work 
now under way, which is of the first importance to several of our 
great industries, includes the study of case hardening as applied 

Digitized by 


22 The Technology Review 

to special alloy steels, an investigation into the cause of the "gray 
sheets" which, because of brittleness, are the occasion of heavy loss 
to makers of galvanized iron, and a study into the causes deter- 
mining the presence of pinholes in sheet tin plate. The direct 
bearing of this last-named problem upon the canning industry, 
the economy of milk transportation, and the permanence of tinned 
roofs everywhere is obvious. That all will ultimately be solved 
cannot be doubted in view of the gratifying progress already made. 

The terms upon which the services of the Laboratory are offered 
to manufacturers are these: — 

The Laboratory will undertake a specific problem and engage 
to direct its best efforts towards its solution. The Institute will 
furnish laboratory facilities and the co-operation of the general 
instructing staff in a consulting capacity. This phase of the arrange- 
ment is of the first importance, since it means that the facilities and 
organization of the Mechanical and Electrical Laboratories of the 
Institute as well as those of the Research Laboratory of Physical 
Chemistry are available for the special assistance they can render 
in particular aspects of the work. 

Reports of progress will be made every three months. The appli- 
cant who consigns his problem to the Laboratory undertakes to 
pay the actual time cost of the one or two experimentalists act- 
ually engaged upon the work and the cost of special apparatus, 
but he is free from all expense involved in the direction of the work 
or which might otherwise result from the expert consulting service 
of members of the instructing staff not directly connected with 
the Laboratory. When results have been obtained, the original 
applicant has his option of two courses: he may either permit 
the Institute to publish the entire investigation for the general 
good of the community or he may elect to keep the results for his 
own benefit — either as a secret process or by having them patented 
in his behalf — ^by paying to the Laboratory for its purposes of 
further research a sum to be agreed upon at that time. 

One has only to consider in the most casual way the opportunity 
of the Laboratory, to have technical research problems which have 
their basis in chemistry crowd upon the mind. Our cities are sub- 

Digitized by 


Laboratory for Public Service 23 

merged in smoke; our roads are disintegrating under the action 
of the automobile; we deplore the destruction of our forests^ and 
overlook the sources of paper stock everywhere at hand; we base 
the future of our agriculture on the diminishing supply of Chile 
saltpetre, while the nitrogen of the air is pressing with the weight 
of many thousand tons upon each acre; our peat deposits lie un- 
touched, while we contemplate as best we may the failure of our 
coal supply; we erect great structures of reinforced concrete, know- 
ing little or nothing of the ultimate mechanism which determines 
the setting of the cement and still less of the factors upon which 
the life of the reinforcing steel rods depends. It is with such prob- 
lems and many others like them that the Research Laboratory 
of Applied Chemistry has to deal. It will deal with them not only 
with the prospect of their solution, but upon a basis which holds 
out the promise of the gradual development of general research 
methods for attacking the multitude of other problems in applied 
chemistry wherever they may arise. Best of all, the Laboratory 
affords an opportunity for the training of men for other labora- 
tories, in which these methods will be applied to the solution of 
the problems of manufacturers and public service corporations 
everywhere. Simultaneously with this training of picked men 
will go forward advanced courses in the application of the chemical 
method to the needs of industry and seminars on general subjects 
in chemical technology which will be open to adequately trained 
students upon election. 

No one at all familiar with the conditions under which thousands 
of American manufacturers are working can fail to realize the 
unique and fruitful opportunity which spreads out before the Lab- 
oratory, nor can they doubt that the funds for its development 
will be forthcoming. Within the last few years there has opened 
out to the worker in applied chemistry a new horizon with a sweep 
so broad that it is seen to include far more than the mere material 
gains which come from more efficient effort. It has come to be 
recognized that the lives of great masses of the community are 
constricted and confined and often mean and sordid, because our 
industrial efficiency as a people is still far below what it ought to 

Digitized by 


24 The Technology Review 

be. Any general moral or spiritual uplift must find its basis in 
the increased efficiency of the worker, and in this stage of our indus- 
trial development no agency is more directly available for increas- 
ing this efficiency than that afforded by chemistry as applied to 
industry. Every waste that is prevented or turned to profit, every 
specification which gives a better control of raw material, every 
problem solved, and every more effective process which is developed 
makes for better living in the material sense and for cleaner and 
more wholesome living in the higher sense. It means much to 
the material and more to the higher well-being of German workmen 
that their nation now controls the coal-tar industries, the manu- 
facture of fine chemicals, and the markets of the world in many 
other lines, chiefly as the result of the application of the scientific 
method to the problems of production. The general applicadon 
of these methods will mean even more to our own country. This 
being so obviously true, it is a matter for congratulation to every 
Institute alumnus that the college which first applied the labora- 
tory method in this country has gone forward until it now offers 
to all engaged in our industrial development the comprehensive 
benefits which research in applied chemistry will surely bring. 

Arthur D. LmxE, '85. 

A Large Edition of the Review 

In order that every former student may learn of the great ad- 
vances that have taken place at the Institute recently, a copy of 
this number of the Review is being sent to every man of whom 
we have record. Although it is true that the Institute is handi- 
capped in some directions, it has slowly, but steadily grown in 
strength, importance, and usefulness, and with the election of a 
new President it will unfold and develop marvellously. As Mr. 
Snow shows in his article, about 1,500 of our 9,000 former students 
have passed the age of forty. Technology is just coming to its 
own. There is no limit to the possibility of its accomplishments. 

Digitized by 


The Institute Today 25 


The Characteristics of its System of Education, its Methods 

and Ideals 

This Institute was started forty-three years ago, largely through 
the initiative and efforts of one man, William Barton Rogers, for 
the purposes of establishing a system of education which should 
fit young men for effective participation in the affairs of life, 
and of emphasizing the fundamental importance of the study of 
science, of instruction by the laboratory method, and of direct 
personal contact between teacher and student, in such a system. 

This was at a time, it is to be remembered, when the classical 
system of education still held undisputed sway; when teaching was 
done perfunctorily by lectures to large classes or upon the school- 
boy plan of assigning a lesson to be learned and then holding a reci- 
tarion upon it; and when, moreover, the ideal of education was to 
give the culture of the gentleman rather than the ability to serve 
of the man of affairs. 

President Rogers' plan marked, therefore, the beginning of a new 
epoch in education; and the example of this Institute which he 
founded did much to promote the rapid extension of the methods 
and ideals for which it stood. 

Today there is no longer great need of emphasizing the edu- 
cational importance of scientific studies nor the educational ideal 
of fitting for effective service, but there has arisen a variety of new 
questions, which relate not so much to the kind of studies to be 
pursued nor to the ultimate purposes of education as to the system 
and methods by which the now generally recognized purposes can 
be best attained. 

* Extract from a speech made by the Acting President A. A. Nojes, in welcoming President- 
dea Maclaurin, on behalf of the Institute, at the dinner of the Corporation and Faculty^ 
held at the Technology Union, Dec 15, 1908. 

Digitized by 


26 The Technology Review 

And in this respect the Institute, partly as the result of the ideals 
of its founder, but mainly in consequence of a natural development 
of its methods, has come to represent an educational system which 
stands in sharp contrast to the university plan which is being 
followed in many of our eastern universities and which has been 
most logically and completely developed in the case of our nearest 

The characteristics of our system are: — 

1. Cultural studies are closely correlated and interwoven with 
the professional work, while under the university plan the two 
groups of studies are ordinarily pursued successively, in separate 
undergraduate and graduate schools. 

We have not adopted the plan of serving up the different sides 
of education separately, — knowledge in the secondary schools, 
culture in the college, mental training in the graduate departments. 
We hold rather that education is essentially an indivisible whole, 
that these three sides of it must go hand in hand, and that mental 
training especially should, in point of time, take precedence over 
culture, the former being given while the young man's mind and 
habits of thought are still in the plastic, formative state, and the 
latter being imparted gradually, but mainly in the later stages of the 
student's educational career, when it can be done most effectively. 

2. The Institute lays, moreover, especial emphasis on work in 
the exact sciences; for training in scientific method and acquire- 
ment of the scientific spirit are considered to be not only essentials 
to professional success, but important elements in culture and 
in life. 

3. The Institute has developed in an unusual degree conditions 
of personal contact between instructor and students, through the 
fact that most of its instruction is given to small sections of students 
or to individuals in the laboratories and drawing-rooms, or in the 
conferences recently introduced in first and second year subjects. 

4. The courses of the Institute differ from those of many colleges, 
in that electives are introduced to a much less extent, in the belief 
that better results are obuined by prescribing, after the student has 

Digitized by 


The Institute Today 27 

selected the profession for which he desires to prepare himself, the 
principal studies which he is to pursue. He is given, however, the 
choice between groups of optional studies relating to different 
branches of his profession and between a variety of electives in the 
group of general studies. We do not consider it well to give sud- 
denly unlimited freedom in the choice of their studies to boys who 
have previously been accustomed to a definite curriculum in the 
secondary schools; for we believe that such freedom commonly 
results in superficiality rather than in soundness of training, and in 
narrowness rather than breadth. Freedom of choice should, how- 
ever, be gradually increased, becoming greater in the higher years 
of the student's period of study. 

5. There have been developed at the Institute sounder conditions 
of student life, from which has resulted a more duly proportioned 
division of time and interest between the studies and the social and 
athletic activities of students than prevails at many colleges. While 
the Faculty has welcomed the great development of student life 
which has taken place in the past few years, it demands of its 
students a standard of scholarship which is inconsistent with an 
excessive devotion to outside pursuits and with undue subordina- 
tion of the intellectual to the physical and social interests. 

6. Finally, the Institute aims to contribute to the further ad- 
vance of the various branches of science and engineering included 
in its curriculum, through the development of courses of advanced 
study and research, through original investigations carried on in its 
laboratories, and through the pardcipadon of members of its staff 
as experts in industrial and engineering undertakings. 

Applicants for admission to the Freshman class of the Insdtute 
must now present sadsfactory evidence of preparation in two elec- 
rives selected from a list of twelve elementary subjects. Hereto- 
fore only one elecdve has been required. The object of this addi- 
tional clecrive requirement is to secure greater breadth of prepar- 
atory training. 

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28 The Technology Review 


Anangements are now being made for the Celebration next June 

on a large scale 

If the increase in interest and numbers participating in the Third 
Technology Reunion over the Second Technology Reunion is as 
great as the second is likely to exceed the ifirst, the Third Technol- 
ogy Reunion will have to be held in some less thickly settled coun- 
try. Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday, June 7, 8 and 9, are the 
days set apart to this to-be-memorable convocation. The executive 
committee of the Alumni Association has appointed an executive 
committee for the Reunion, which will, in turn, appoint sub-com- 
mittees to care for the various features of the celebration. The 
executive committee and the chairmen of the sub-committees will 
form the committee of arrangements. The executive committee 
consists of Edwin S. Webster ('88), chairman; Dr. Arthur A. 
Noyes ('86), Honorable Eben S. Draper ('78), George W. Kit- 
tredge {'77), Theodore W. Robinson ('84), Walter B. Snow ('82), 
Everett Morss ('85), Henry Howard ('89), and I. W. Litchfield ('85) 
secretary. The general programme has been discussed tenutively, 
and the following is an outline of the plans thus far made: — 

Technology Union to be used as registration headquarters; 
Copley Hall to be opened during the three days as a general rendez* 
vous, where there will be a desk and bulletin board for each class, 
with check-room conveniences, etc. 

On Monday afternoon there will be an automobile trip through 
the suburbs of Boston; in the evening a reception in honor of Presi- 
dent Maclaurin, and later on a Jubilee Smoker in a large club- 
house which will be given up to Tech men for that evening. Special 
acts from the coming Tech Show will be given during the evening, 
also selections by the glee, banjo and mandolin clubs. There will 
also be a stereopticon exhibit of interesting scenes and old relics. 
Will those of our readers who have anything that will be of partic* 

Digitized by 


Second Technology Reunion 29 

ular interest in this connection please communicate with the sec- 
retary of the committee ? 

On Tuesday, the second day, the professors will be in their depart- 
ments to welcome former students, and at noon special trains will 
take the delegation to hotels along the North Shore, where a shore 
dinner will be served to classes. Class business can thus be con- 
ducted, and later on there can be a general mingling of Tech men 
on the seashore. Returning to Boston, there will be a buffet supper 
at Horticultural Hall, and at half-past eight the classes will form in 
the hall and march across the street to the "Pop" Concert at Sym- 
phony Hall, provided it is found that Symphony Hall is large enough 
for the purpose. At half-past ten the classes will go to Rogers 
Building and cheer, the building to be outlined with red fire. 

On Wednesday morning, the third day, will occur the excursion 
down the harbor to the Atlantic House, where we were so hand- 
somely entertained five years ago. The different classes will do 
their stunts in the arena. This year there will be a grand stand 
erected on one side of the field, in order to accommodate the larger 
crowd. In the evening will occur the grand banquet, at which it 
is estimated there will be more than a thousand men present. The 
dinner conunittee is already making elaborate preparations for this 

As the celebration plans contemplate a very full progranmie, 
it is suggested that societies and fraternities who wish to hold 
reunions make arrangements to breakfast together on Monday or 
Tuesday. Members of former Tech boards and of Osiris are 
planning to do this. Some of the classes having anniversaries 
this year will flock by themselves Friday, Saturday, and Sunday, 
returning to Boston on Monday in time for the automobile trip 
or the reception. 

The full particulars of the Reunion will be given in the April 
number of the Review, which will be largely devoted to it. Some 
special conmiittees have already been appointed, and the rest will 
be at work within a few days. This is a Tech year, and no man 
who can possibly make arrangements to be here can afford to miss 
the Second Tech Reunion. 

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30 The Technology Review 


TTie Active Part that the Alumni Association is to play in 

the Future 

At the beginning of a new administration and almost on the eve . 
of the fiftieth anniversary of the incorporation of the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology its Alumni Association comes to its own 
as a power "to further the well-being of the Institute." Never 
before has it been so thoroughly equipped for "increasing the interest 
of the members in the school and in each other." Never has its 
organization been so well fitted to promote initiative, to provide for 
deliberation on matters of policy, to concentrate alumni opinion, 
and to inspire and render substantial support to the Institute. 

The Alumni Association is no longer young: it has now attained 
to physical and mental maturity. Soon the list of former students 
will cross the ten thousand mark, all eligible as regular or associate 
members. The average age is rapidly advancing : fully fifteen hun- 
dred are over forty, each year nearly half a thousand reach the age 
of thirty. The Association is now in a position to do a man's work. 

The fact that any former student may become an associate mem- 
ber, if found worthy by the executive committee, together with the 
increased privileges granted to such members in the matter of 
office holding, should have an immediate and beneficial effect in 
increasing the total membership of the Association. As thus, in 
time, it draws to itself practically the entire body of former students,, 
it will grow in power and authority. 

Upon the composition of the Council, the central feature of the 
new form of organization, must depend largely the standing and 
influence of the Association as a whole. Election to this body should 
be comparable in honor to election as a candidate for the Corpora- 
tion. Not only should the membership of the Council be thor- 
oughly representative through diversity in age, profession and 

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Organized to Promote Initiative 31 

locality, but it should inspire confidence and its opinion should 
cany weight. 

As a deliberative body, the Council may consider in detail and at 
length matters of mutual interest to the alumni and the Institute. 
It is the medium through which individual or local alumni opinion 
can be quickly secured and made effective. 

Centralization in the publication of the Review, in the conduct 
of reunions and "Pop " concerts, in organization and recognition of 
branch associations, and in the administration of general alumni 
interests, is but a present and visible advantage of the recent reor- 
ganization. But to the future we may look for a far greater influence 
of the Association upon the Institute. The needs of the latter may 
be defined and authoritatively presented to the alumni and the 
public at large. Through its Council the Association may, on 
occasion, give independent expression to opinions regarding matters 
of Institute policy. It should grow into closer touch with the Cor- 
poration through its increasing representation in that body, and fit 
itself for recognized co-operation. 

In the creation of a new Tech the Association may well prove 
a mighty power in upholding the hands of the President, the Cor- 
poration and the Faculty. Upon its shoulders must rest a goodly 
share of responsibility for success. It now has the necessary organi- 
zation and machinery, its chosen representatives must loyally accept 
the full burden laid upon them, the will and spirit must be there. 
The next few years are to be years of work, — ^work of the kind that 
Tech men have learned how to do and that they may be relied upon 
to do for the good of their Alma Mater. The Alunmi Association 
must stand in the van. 

Walter B. Snow, '82. 

Three years ago alumni headquarters did not exist: today it 
is one of the busiest offices in the Institute, employing regularly 
six clerks and stenographers, and doing an immense amount of varied 
work for the alumni, undergraduates and the Institute. This is 
only one small indication of the increase in the activity of the alumni. 

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32 The Technology Review 


The Reorganization of the Alumni Association makes it a 
Power for Good 

In the conduct of any association a constitution and set of 
by-laws are to that association what buildings and machinery are 
in the conduct of a manufacturing establishment or road-bed 
and rolling stock to a railroad. They are tools with which the 
work is done. As time progresses, conditions change, and what 
were once efficient tools are now out of date and unable to per- 
form economically what they originally did to the best advantage. 
Old buildings and machinery must give place to new. Old rails 
and rolling stock wear out or become too small for economical 

The organization of our Alumni Association has been very rapidly 
getting out of date in recent years, with the tremendous rate of 
increase there has been in the number of our alunuii. Twenty 
years ago our alumni, including graduates and non-graduates, 
numbered about sixteen hundred. Now they amount to nine thou- 
sand. Then it was possible to hold a truly representative and 
deliberative meeting of the whole Association, as it is possible in a 
small town to hold a truly representative and deliberative town 
meeting. Recently meetings of the whole Association have be- 
come very superficial and very unsatisfactory, because far from 
representative of the whole Association, and not deliberative at all. 
It would be almost as difficult to get together all the members 
of our Alunmi Association for deliberative and legislative purposes 
as to convene all the citizens of Boston for such a purpose. It 
is very clear, then, that our machinery has been out of date, and, 
to do the work now before us, that we must have modem tools. 

There is another phase of the situation which demands atten- 
tion. The work to be done by sixteen hundred alumni was far less 

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Prepared for Effective Work 33 

in amount and in importance than that to be done by nine thou- 
sand, — an amount increasing rapidly year by year. It is not, there- 
fore, a question of doing the same volume and the same kind of 
work now as that done twenty years ago. The problem is, how 
to do an increasingly larger, more varied, and more important 
work for a rapidly increasing constituency. 

The work of all associatio.ns may be divided into three distinct 
classes, — legislative, administrative, and judicial. * In very small 
organizations these functions can be assumed directly by the body 
itself. The larger the organization, however, the more must these 
matters be delegated. To what extent and how to delegate these 
functions to best do the Alumni Association's work is what the 
new constitution and by-laws attempt to define. 

In drawing up these regulations, the endeavor has been to clearly 
differentiate between constitution and by-laws, and it may not 
be amiss here to present the following definitions of these two 
words : — 

Constitution. A written instrument embodying fundamental laws, or 
principles of government, and laying down fundamental rules and prin- 
ciples for the conduct of affairs. 

By-law. A law that is less important than a general law of consti- 
tutional provision, and subsidiary to it. A rule relating to a matter of 

The deliberative and legislative work of the Association has 
heretofore nominally been undertaken by the body as a whole, but 
actually by its executive committee. The whole body, however, 
has clearly been too unwieldy, and the executive committee too 
small and not sufficiently representative. In this connection the 
Association of Class Secretaries has shown the effectiveness of 
thorough representation and appropriate organization. It was 
with their help, and largely as the result of their example, that the 
'* Council " was conceived, — a body with duties chiefly legislative, 
but to a small extent administrative as well. The Council is not 
the Association of Class Secretaries renamed, but a body larger, 
more representative, and more authoritative. To it, with a repre- 
sentative from each graduate class and local Alumni Association, 

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34 The Technology Review 

with ten members at large from the Association, its executive com- 
mittee, and its five most recent ex-presidents, and so constructed as 
to get continuity of policy intermingled with new thought, will the 
Association look for initiative, deliberative legislation and action. 

The administration of the affairs of the Association at large and 
of the Council is put, by the new constitution, into the hands of the 
executive committee. This committee has some slight legislative 
and judicial powers as well, but in its administrative functions it is 
practically supreme. Its organization and manner of election will 
be the same as heretofore, and, in fact, it has been the central body 
around which changes have been made in effecting this reorganiza- 

The principal judicial functions of the Association are retained 
by itself as a whole. Certainly, no court for the settlement of dis- 
putes is necessary. Should any controversy arise, the Association 
itself will settle the matter through referendum. 

It is not the intent of this article to emphasize the intricacy of 
organization nor to divert attention from the real work of the 
Association to its tools. To do good work, it is necessary to have 
good tools; but with what tools we now have, which should not 
prove far wrong, let us press on to the real work before us. Now 
that we have settled how to act, let us devote all attention and energy 
to acting. 

A. F. Bemis, '93. 

Following are the new constitution and by-laws: — 

This organization shall be called the Alumni Association of the Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology. Its object shall be to further the well-being of the Institute by fostering the 
interest of its members in the school and in each other. 

ARTICLE n.— Membership./ 

Section i. The membership of this Association shall be classified as regular, associate, 
and honorary. 

Sect. 2. All graduates of the Institute shall be regular members. 

Sect. 3. Any other person who has been connected as a student with any graduate 
dais may become an associate member on election by the Executive Committee. 

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Prepared for Effective Work 35 

Sect. 4. Any present or fonner member of the Corporation or of the Facultj of the 
Instititte maj be elected an honorary member by the EzecutiTe Conmiittee of this Association. 

Sect. 5. Associate members and honorary members shall be entitled to all p i i v i l cg c s 
o£ regular members, except that of holding the electiTe offices in this Association specified in 
Article m^ Sectioiu i and 1. 


Sechon i.Tlhe officers of this Association shall be as follows: There shall be a Frcsi- 
denty two Vioe-Pftsidents, and a Secretary-Treasuier, who, with fom* other nsembers, shall 
constitute an ExecutiTe Committee. 

The President and Secretary-Treasurer shaU be elected for one year, thie Vice-Presidents 
and members at large of die Executive Committee for two years. 

One Vice-Ftcsident and two members at large of the Executive Committee shaU be 
elected annually. 

Sect. 1. There shaU be a Nominating Committee of six members, who shall serre for 
two years, diree being elected each year. No member of this committee shall be eligible for 
immediate re-election. 

Sect. 3. There shall be a Council composed of the five latest liring ex-presidents, 
ten members elected at large, and one representatiTe from each graduate class and inm 
each local organization which is given representation by the Executive Conmiittee. The 
officers mentioned in Section i shaU be members of the Councfl. 

The ten members at large shall be elected for terms of two years, five being elected each 
year. Representatives of classes shall be elected for tenns of five years, and representatives 
of local alumni organizations for one year. 

Sect. 4. Whenever the Executive Committee shaU so approve, any local alumni organi- 
zation (having its headquarters not less than twenty-five miles from Boston), certifying to 
a membership which includes twenty-five or more members of this Association, shall be given 
representation in the Council. 

ARTICLE IV.— Elections. 

Section i. The officers of this Association and others holding elective positions referred 
to in Artide IH., and candidates for election to die Corporation, shall be chosen by letter 

Sect. 2. Only members of this Association are privileged to vote for representatives of 
dasses or representatives of local ahmmi organizations. 

ARTICLE V. — Duties of OrncERS. 

Section i. The duties of the President, Vice-Presidents, and Secretary-Treasurer shall 
be those commonly pertaining to their offices. They shall perform the same duties for the 

Sect. 2. The Executive Committee shall look after the general interests of the Asso- 
dation, shaU have power to fill all vacancies arising among officers or committees dected by 
the Association, shall have fuU charge of all balloting, shaU pass upon all applications for 
honorary and associate membership in the Assodation, and shall have charge of the office 
and routine work of the Assodation. It shall also be the Executive Committee of the Council. 

Sect. 3. The Council shaU act as the representative of this Assodation in the conndcra- 
tioo of aU matters not otherwise delegated. 

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36 The Technology Review 

At the request, in writing, of any twenty-five members of the Association, the Coandl 
shall consider any matter pertaining to the general welfare or work of the Association, make 
recommendations thereon, and, if so requested, shall through the Executive Committee, 
poll the Association by letter ballot, — said ballots to be mailed within thirty days of receipt 
of such request. 

Sect. 4. The duties of the Nominating Committee shall be to present, through the 
Secretary, nominations for all offices to be filled and nominations for candidates for election 
to the Corporation. 

Meetings of the Association may be called at any time by the Executive Committee, and 
shall be so called at the request, in writing, of any twenty-five members of the Association. 

ARTICLE Vn.— Amendments. 

This Constitution may be amended at any time by letter ballot. Proposed amendments, 
either indorsed by the Council and approved by the Executive Conunittee, or indorsed 
by fifty members of the Association, shall be sent by the Secretary to all members of the As- 
sodation, with notice of the time of closing the polls, which shall be not less than thirty days 
from the date upon which the notice of proposed amendment is sent out. 


ARTICLE I. — Elections. 

Section i. Prior to October 10 the Nominating Committee shall transmit to the Secre- 
tary nominations for the offices to be filled and nominations for term members of the Cor- 
poration of the Institute. The nominations for election to the Corporation shall be at least 
five more in number than the places to be filled. The Secretary shall publish the nomi- 
nations transmitted by the Nominating Committee in at least one daily paper in the dty of 
Boston before October 15. Additional nominations for any office or for election to the Corpo- 
ration, signed by at least thirty members of the Association entitled to vote for such nominees, 
shall be placed on the official ballot by the Secretary if received by him before November 5. 

Sect. 2. Prior to November 20, letter ballots containing the names of all candidates 
shall be sent by the Secretary to all members of the Association entitled to vote for such 
candidates. In order to be coimted, a ballot must be returned to the Secretary, enclosed 
in an envelope indorsed with the voter*s signature and class. The polls shall close December 
20, and the Executive Committee shall thereupon canvass all ballots and announce the result. 
The candidates receiving the largest number of votes shall be deemed elected. Should there 
be a failure to elect on account of a tie. the tie shall be resolved by lot drawn by the Secretary. 

Sect. 3. At least thirty days before the March meeting of the Corporation, the Secretary 
shall send to the Nominating Committee of the Corporation the names of the candidates 
receiving the largest number of votes for election to the Corporation, in number two more 
than the number of vacancies. 

Sect. 4. If any vacancy occurs among the term members of the Corporation through 
death, resignation, or otherwise, the Alumni Association shall choose for each vacancy two 
candidates in addition to those chosen according to the provisions of Section 2 oi this Article. 

Sect. 5. Only members of the Alumni Association who have not been connected with 

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Prepared for Effective Work 37 

the Institute at students for at least five years shall be entitled to Tote for term members of 
the Coq>oration. 

Sect. 6. Nominations for representatires to the CouncO shall be made by the organiza- 
tioos which they represent, but the ExecutiTe Committee shall have charge of all balloting 
for dection thereof. 

Sect. 7. For the first year of the Council, the ten members at large shall be elected 
five for a term of one year and five for a term of two years, and the representatives of classes 
whose years end in i or 6, 2 or 7, 3 or 8, 4 or 9, and 5 or o, shall be elected respectively 
for one, two, three, four, and five years. The provisions in Sections i, 2, and 3 of this Article 
shall not apply in the case of nomination and election of these members and of the first set 
of represcnutives of alunmi organizations, but all matters relating thereto shall be in the 
hands of the Executive Committee. 

Committees already elected by this Association shall continue for the terms for which 
they were chosen or until their successors are chosen by the Coimcil. 

This section shall become void when its provisions have been carried out. 

ARTICLE n. — Branch AssoaxnoNs. 
Any ten former students of the Institute residing in a given locality may form a local 
ahunni organization, which, upon approval of the Executive Committee, may be enrolled 
as a branch association, providing, however, that not more than one such organization shall 
be recognized in any one district. Lists of members, with addresses, shall be annually sent 
to the Secretary by each boanch organization. 

ARTICLE m. — Associate Membership. 

Section i. Any non-graduate member of a class which has been graduated may become 
an associate member on election by the Executive Committee. Applications for associate mem- 
bership shall be submitted in writing to the Executive Committee. The names shall be voted 
upon by ballot, and the afiSrmative votes of a majority of the entire Executive Committee 
shall be necessary to elect. The names of those elected shall be published by the Secretary 
in the official organ of the Association. 

Sect. 2. The Secretary shall notify each associate member whose dues have remained 
unpaid for three consecutive years, such notice to be sent by mail to the member*s last-known 
address; and, if at the expiration of thirty days after sending such notice such dues are still 
unpaid, such associate membership shall be forfeited. The Executive Committee may, how- 
ever, at its discretion, reinstate such persons upon the payment of all arrears. 

ARTICLE IV.— Meetings. 
The annual meeting of the Council shall be held in January. Special meetings may be 
called at any time by the Executive Committee, and shall be so called at the request, in 
writing, of ten members of the Council. 

ARTICLE v.— Committees. 
The Coancil shall have power to appoint standing committees not otherwise provided 
for in the Constitution or By-laws. 

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38 The Technology Review 

SscnoN I. The annual dues for reg;ular and awodate membert shaU be fn, 
SiCT. a. A payment of $1$ at anj one time shall exempt any member from farther pay- 
ment of duet. 

ARTICLE Vn.— QpnciAL Organ. 
SccnoN I. The Technology Review shall be the official organ of this Association^ 
and its editorial management and publication shall be vested in the Council. 

Sect. a. Members not in arrears shall be entitled to receive all publications of the Asso- 

ARTICLE YIIL—Amendiients. 

These By-laws may be amended at any time by a majority vote of the full membership 
of the Coandl, provided thirty days* notice of such amendment has been given throu^ pub* 
Hcation in the Review. 

Growth of the Society of Arts 

The winter programme of the Society of Arts of the Institute 
was opened December 7 by an address on the Charles River Basin 
improvements. About four hundred were present. Dr. Louis Bell 
lectured on ''Modem Illuminants and Illumination/' December 17. 
On January 13, Dr. William H. Walker, of the Laboratory of 
Applied Chemistry, will give an address on "The Corrosion of 
Iron and Methods of Preventing It." January 28, Dr. Charles P. 
Steinmetz, of Schenectady, will talk on the Future of Electricity. 
On the anniversary of the birth of Charles Darwin the Society 
will hold a memorial meeting. Professor Charles E. Lucke, of 
Columbia University, will give a lecture on "The Gas Engine and 
Its Relation to Other Prime Movers." Profesisor Robert S. Wood- 
ward, president of the Carnegie Institution, will address the society 
on the "Larger Research Problems of the Carnegie Institution." 
Professor George E. Hale, director of the Mount Wilson Solar 
Observatory of the Carnegie Institution, Pasadena, Cal., will address 
the society some time in April on "Recent Advances in Astro- 
physics." Other lectures are being arranged for. Over fifty new 
members have joined the society this year. 

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Result of Alumni Election 39 


l^ow, Rolxnsoii, Richards, French and Whipple are Nominated 
for the Corix>ration 

At the election for officers of the Alumni Association and term mem- 
bers of the Corporation, which closed on the 20th, the following 
officers of the Alumni Association were elected: Edwin S. Webster 
('88), president; Frank E. Shepard ('87), vice-president; Walter 
Humphreys ('97), secretary; William S. Johnson ('89) and Charles 
F. Park ('92), executive committee; Harry W. Tyler ('84), Edward 
H. Huxley ('95) and Frederick H. Hunter (*02), nominating com- 
mittee; Linwood O. Towne ('78), committee on school; James 
P. Munroe ('82), trustee of the alumni fund and of the life member- 
ship fund; Frank H. Briggs ('81), advisory council on athletics. 

The five candidates elected for term members, from which the 
Corporation will choose three, are Walter B. Snow ('82), 1 Theodore 
W. Robinson ('84), Charles R. Richards ('85), Hollis French (^89) 
and George C. Whipple ('89). 

Brief sketches of the men selected are given below: — 

Waltbr B. Snow, '82. Graduate in Mechanical Engineering. Publicity 
Engineer, 170 Summer Street, Boston, Mass. 

One year each as Assistant in Mechanical Elngineering, M. I. T., as 
machinist and as shop foreman. For twenty-two years with B. F. Sturtc- 
▼ant Company as draughtsman, chief draughtsman, mechanical engineer, 
manager of Advance Department, and in charge of design and construction 
of new plant at Hyde Park, Mass. Publicity engineer, conducting publicity 
for various engineering and manufacturing concerns, 1907-08. 

Author of "Mechanical Draft" and "Steam Boiler Pracrice." Con- 
tributor to the engineering press. As lecturer, has visited the leading 
technical schools of the country. 

Member American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Societies for the 
Promodon of Engineering and Industrial Education, Industrial Committee 
of the Twentieth Century Club, Boston, Massachusetts Commission for 
the Blind, and Board of Trustees of the Watertown Free Public Library. 

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40 The Technology Review 

Secretary of Class of '82. Secretary of the Association of Class Secre- 
taries for the first six years of its existence. Successively member of execu- 
tive committee, vice-president 1903-06, and president, 1908, of the Alumni 
Association. Member of publication committee of The Technology 
Review, and in the past of various committees concerned with the activities 
of the Alumni Association. 

Theodore W. Robinson, '84. Graduate in Mining Engineering. First 
Vice-President Illinois Steel Company, Chicago, 111. 

Chemist Joliet Steel Company, 1885-S9. Manager Blast Furnaces Illinois 
Steel Company, Milwaukee, Wis., 1889-92. General superintendent Colo- 
rado Fuel and Iron Company, Pueblo, Col., 1892-99. Illinois Steel Com- 
pany, I 899-1 908. 

Chairman School Management Committee of the Chicago Board of 
Education. Chairman Illinois Committee of National Society for the 
Promotion of Industrial Education. Member American Institute Mining 
Engineers. Member British Iron and Steel Institute. 

President North-western Alumni Association 1892 and 1903. 

Charles R. Richards, '85. Graduate in Mechanical Engineering. Direc- 
tor of Cooper Union, New York city. 

Assistant superintendent Whittier Machine Company, 1886. Director 
Department of Science and Technology, Pratt Institute, 1888-98. Director 
Department of Manual Training, Teachers' College, Columbia University, 
1898-1908. Trustee Children's Aid Society of New York, 1904-08. First 
secretary National Society for the Promotion of Industrial Education, 
1906-08. Special Agent Department of Labor, State of New York, in 
charge of investigation into labor supply in industries of the state, 1907-08. 

Member American Society of Mechanical Engineers. 

President Technology Club of New York, 1908. 

HoLLis French, '89. Graduate in Electrical Engineering. Member of 
the firm of Hollis French & Allen Hubbard, consulting engineers, 
Boston, Mass. 

After spending about a year in the works of the Thomson-Houston Elec- 
tric Company and nearly two years in Europe as representative of the 
Thomson Electric Welding Company, became associated with Messrs. 
Stone & Webster until 1894. In private practice as consulting engineer 
in Boston until 1896, when the present partnership with Mr. Allen Hub- 
bard (Yale, '83) was formed. Their practice consists of the design of 
power stations for steam and electric work, the development of water power 
and its transmission and application by electricity, domestic engineering 
in modem buildings, etc. 

The firm has a large practice. They are consulting engineers for a num- 
ber of important corporations. 

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Results of Alumni Election 41 

George C. Whipple, '89. Graduate in Civil Engineering. Consulting 
Engineer, New York city. 

Biologist Boston Water Works, 1889-97. Director of Laboratory of the 
Brooklyn Water Works, and Department of Water Supply, Gas and Elec- 
tricity, New York city, 1 897-1 904. Department engineer. Commission on 
Addidonal Water Supply, New York city, 1903. Member of firm, Hazen 
& Whipple, consulting civil engineers, 1904-08. Also Consulting Pro- 
fessor of Water Supply Engineering, Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute. 

Author of "Microscopy of Drinking Water," "Value of Pure Water," 
"Typhoid Fever," besides many scientific memoirs. 

Member American Society of Civil Engineers. Member (president) 
Brooklyn Engineers ' Club. Member American Chemical Society. Member 
Society of American Bacteriologists. Member American Public Health 
Association. Member American Water Works Association. Member 
New England Water Works Association. Member Society of Muni- 
cipal Improvements. Fellow American Society for Advancement of 
Science. Fellow Royal Microscopical Society of London. Member 
Society for Promotion of Engineering Education. Member Society of 
Arts, Boston. Member National Arts Club, New York. 

Member Technology Club of New York. 

Alumni Dinner, January 14 

The annual Alumni Dinner, which will be held January 14, will 
unquesdonably be the largest and most enthusiasdc dinner that 
the Association has ever held. The Association has now outgrown 
any Boston hotel, and it has been decided to hold the dinner at 
Horticultural Hall, which is admirably arranged for such an event, 
as a thousand people can be seated there comfortably. 

The speakers will be Dr. Maclaurin, President-elect of the 
Institute; Dr. Noyes (*86), Acting President; Governor Eben S. 
Draper ('78) and Professor Robert S. Woodward, president of the 
Carnegie Institution. 

One important innovation will be selections rendered by the 
Glee Club, which vnll also lead the singing, the singing tables being 
located adjacent to the Glee Club table. This will be the first 
presentation of Dr. Maclaurin to the alumni, and it will be an occa- 
sion of great importance of a most important year. 

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42 The Technology Review 


TTie Beginnings of a Wholesome Social Life — A Study in 
Student Organization 

Since the Institute opened for the fall term, everything connected 
with the social side of student life has centred in and about the 
new Technology Union on Trinity Place. It has been a source 
of inspiration and strength for every student interest, and has 
inaugurated a new era of vastly changed and improved conditions 
for the undergraduates. 

The Union serves as a regular boarding place for about 150 men 
who believe they can live here cheaper and better than elsewhere. 
About 700 patronize it for lunch every day, and during the day 
it is well filled with students preparing work or passing away time 
between lectures. 

Three times a week, on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays, 
the musical clubs furnish a leader and pianist, and for half an 
hour, between half-past one and two o'clock, the men practise Tech 
songs around the piano. There is a private dinner here almost 
every evening, and sometimes two or three; and every Friday 
night occurs the regular smoker, when the Entertainment Com- 
mittee provides some attractive programme. These entertain- 
ments consist of lectures, excellent concerts by the musical clubs, 
and recently a ''hook" night, when local talent furnished amuse- 
ment of a convulsing character. Here, also, are located the offices 
of the various student activities, where opportunities are afforded 
for conducting business in a business-like way, and although the 
quarters are cramped, the results are most encouraging. 

The new Union has made possible the carrying out of an inno- 
vation by the undergraduates which has attracted the attention 
of the entire college world. The Institute Committee has recently 
been reorganized, and is now a representative body of about twenty- 

Digitized by 


The Undergraduates 43 

five men, embracing all student interests. At the head of this body 
is the Executive Committee, consisting of five members, who may be 
appointed from the student body at large. This committee has 
rather limited powers, its functions being to prepare matters and 
bring them to the attention of the Institute Committee in such a 
way that they can be intelligently and promptly acted upon. It 
has taken for its province any matter that may have bearing on the 
welfare of students. The Institute Committee appoints the mem- 
bers of the Union Committee, from whom it receives weekly reports 
and over whom it exercises a sort of general oversight. Other inter- 
ests have recognized it in this capacity, and have asked the committee 
to act as an advisory board. The representatives of the Institute 
Committee are in close touch with the alumni and with the Faculty, 
80 that in another way co-operation is playing a large part in devel- 
oping an unusual undergraduate organization. 

The new "point system" adopted by the Institute Conmiittee is 
explained in the following from The Tech of October 9. A few 
changes have since been made. 

"The object of this report is to propose a scheme whereby the labor 
connected with student activities may be distributed as widely as possible, 
interest in athletics and social life may be stimulated, and standard of 
scholarship among those interested in these matters may be raised. This 
plan is based on the assumption that every man will properly perform the 
duties attached to his office, and we have been guided by the standard of 
benefit to the general social life and to the whole student body of the 

"The plan is to rate eveiy position carrying with it specific duties at a 
number of points indicated by the scheme below, and to allow no one per- 
son to occupy positions aggregating more than ten points. The plan is to 
be administrated by the Institute Committee or by a sub-committee ap- 
pointed by them." 

The scheme of division follows : — 

Qass A. 10 points: editor-in-chief of The Tech; editor-in-chief of 
Technique; general manager of Tech Show; president of the senior class. 

Qass B. 9 points : managing editor of The Tech; business manager of 
The Tech; business manager of Technique; general manager of the musi- 
cal clubs; business manager of Tech Show; stage manager of Tech Show; 

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44 The Technology Review 

president of the junior class; Executive Committee of the Institute Com- 
mittee; manager of the track team. 

Class C. 8 points: president of the M. I. T. A. A.; president of the 
Y. M. C. A.; presidents of the professional societies; members of the edi- 
torial and business staffs of The Tech; members of Technique board; 
captain of track .team; president of the sophomore class; president of the 
freshman class; advenising manager of Tech Show; Junior Prom. Com- 
mittee; Senior Portfolio. 

Class D. 7 points: members of the Institute Committee; assistant busi- 
ness managers of Tech Show. 

Class £. 6 points: assistant advertising managers of Tech Show; prin- 
cipals of Tech Show; manager of the basket-ball team; manager of the 
hockey team; manager of the tennis team; assistant general manager of 
the musical clubs; leaders and managers of the musical clubs. 

Class F. 5 points: chorus of Tech Show; assistant manager of the 
track team; Technique Electoral Committee; candidates for track, cross 
country, hockey, fencing, and basket-ball teams; members of the musical 

Class G. 4 points: managers of class teams; assistant managers of 
basket-ball, hockey, and fencing teams; news staff of The Tech; managers 
of the golf and tennis teams; Architectural Record. 

Class H. 3 points: members of and candidates for class teams; treas- 
urers of classes; secretary-treasurer of the M. I. T. A. A.; undergraduate 
members of the Advisory Council; members of and candidates for golf and 
tennis teams; gymnasium team. 

Class I. 2 points: secretaries of classes; members of the M. I. T. A. A.; 
secretaries and treasurers of professional societies; officers of the Civic 
Club; secretary-treasurer of the Y. M. C. A. 

Class J. I point: vice-presidents of all organizations; standing com- 
mittees of professional societies; standing committees of the Y. M. C. A.; 
officers of the Co-operative Society; president and secretary of the musi- 
cal clubs; officers of all other clubs of open membership. 

"Note I. Where membership in a lower class is a necessary adjunct 
to a position in higher class, only the higher number of points will be 

"Note 2. As a special encouragement to athletics, men in classes B, 
C, and D and E may also be candidates for any 'varsity or class athletic 
teams, said candidacy being counted at i, 2, 3, and 4 points respectively. 

"Note 3. Where the dudes of any office are confined to a limited time. 

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The Undergraduates 45 

he points for that office shall be counted only between definite limits of time 
to be set by the Institute Conmiittee. 

"Note 4. The Institute G>mmittee or a sub-committee of it shall 
decide cases outside the ground covered by this scheme with such changes 
as may be adopted; but no special exception or exemption from this ruling 
shall be permitted." 

The enthusiasm fostered by these recent advances is finding an 
outlet in the various forms of athletic sports in which Institute 
students find time to indulge. Cross-country racing, which for 
the last two or three years has been increasing in popularity here, 
has developed a team this year which defeated Harvard by a deci- 
sive score, and proved itself superior to the teams of ail other col- 
lies except Cornell in the intercollegiate contest at Princeton. 
The fencing team begins the season with very encouraging pros- 
pects, having in addition to Griibnau and Loring, who did excel- 
lent work last year. Ensign Knox, who won his "N" as captain of 
the fencing team at Annapolis, and who was champion fencer on 
the team of the battleship "Virginia." He entered the course of 
Naval Architecture this year. The basket-ball team won its first 
contest handily over the Dartmouth team at Hanover, and prom- 
ises to give an excellent account of itself all through the season. 
Much interest is taken in hockey, and a large number of last 
year's successful team are again competing for a place. Never in 
the history of the event was there a more closely contested Field 
Day than that held on November 6, and never were the freshman 
and sophomore classes so nearly matched. The unusual result 
of the contest was that the freshmen won both the tug-of-war and 
the football match, the latter after a most pluckily fought battle. 
Field Day is now an event of much importance, and the crowd this 
year was a record breaker for Tech Field. The next important 
athletic event is the indoor meet, January 8. There is a large 
field practising for this event, and there is much speculation as to 
which class will carry away the honors. Among the students who 
registered this year is W. R. Dray (Yale, '08), holder of the world's 
pole vault record of 12 feet, 9 J inches. Much of the improvement 
that has taken place in athletics is due to the hard work and energy 
of Coach Kanaly, who has done wonders with the men. 

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46 The Technology Review 

Because of compulsory work in the freshman year, physical 
training is a much more integral part of the business of the Insti- 
tute than it has been before. Regular instructors are provided, 
who make anthropometric measurements of the men with a record 
of their physical condition, so that improvement during the year 
may be noted. During the fall Dr. Dudley Sargent, of the Hemen- 
way Gymnasium, gave a series of lectures in which he made a plea 
for athletic students rather than student athletes. The impetus 
which compulsory physical training has given to gymnasium work 
will no doubt develop a very strong gymnasium team before the 
season is over. 

The enterprise that marked The Tech last year is continued under 
the present management, and the influence it exerts on all under- 
graduate interests is strong and helpful. It is still published three 
times a week, although the editors find it difiicult to properly pre- 
sent the news and are seriously considering publishing a daily 
paper. That this movement will be made before long there is 
little doubt. Things are moving so fast here just now that the 
alumni will find it well worth their while to subscribe to The Tech 
in order to keep posted during the coming period of great alumni 
and undergraduate activity. The Tech is a newspaper in the real 
sense of the word. It is dignified, serious and is wholly devoted 
to advancing the interests of the Institute. 

Since the last Review was issued, the student correspondents of 
the various daily papers met and formed the Technology Press 
Association, having for its object the advancement of the interests 
of the Institute. Every Boston daily paper is represented in this 
organization, as is also the Associated Press. Those who read the 
Boston papers have had an opportunity to observe how efficient 
the news service is. It will interest the alumni to know that the 
publication of the news relative to the appointment of Dr. Mac- 
laurin was handled entirely by the Technology Press Association, 
and the interview with Dr. Maclaurin clipped from the Heraldy 
which was sent to members of the Alumni Association, was secured 
by a member of the Technology Press Association, who went to 
New York for the purpose. The news is now gathered and dis- 

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The Undergraduates 47 

tributed to the papers systematically, and, so far as it is possible, 
the student reporters prevent sensational news from being pub- 

The annual Tech Show has reached a point where it is now con- 
sidered by good judges to be equal, if not superior, to any other 
college production, and the forthcoming show promises to be by far 
the most successful yet given. The book this year is written by 
S. A. Malcolm ('10), and differs from the shows of ten years past 
in that the scenes have not a Technology setting. The plot of the 
play is based on the landing of the Pilgrim Fathers, part of the 
action being laid in Holland and part in America. It is said to 
be filled with bright skits and catchy lines. The show is given 
during Junior Week, which occurs in April. The management has 
been fortunate in securing James R. Francis, who has so successfully 
coached the last three shows. 

To those of the older men who have never seen a Technique y 
the recent books would be a revelation. No better college annual 
is produced in the country than this one, which is an effort of the 
junior class and is brought out Junior Week. Work on the 19 10 
Technique is now going forward. 

What has been said of athletics and other activities is also true 
of the musical clubs, which are vastly improved over those of 
former years. The concerts of the Glee Club have been received 
with great enthusiasm and appreciative audiences. Alumni who 
attend the annual dinner on January 14 will hear selections from 
the Glee Club, and it is likely that the orchestra of the musical clubs 
will furnish the instrumental music for that occasion. 

The different professional societies are also making rapid advances. 
Every department at the Institute is represented by a flourishing 
undergraduate organization, which gets into closer relations with the 
outside world through evening talks by some representative engi- 
neer or manufacturer. The record of the season's activities of 
these societies would take up more space than the Review can 
devote to it. It is sufficient to say, however, that they are accom- 
plishing not only a tremendous amount of good in a social way, 
but by supplementing the courses of instruction and imparting val- 
uable information in an attractive way. 

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48 The Technology Review 

During very recent years it has been the custom to occasionally 
convene the students in Huntington Hall for the purpose of listen- 
ing to an address from some man of note. Since the fall term 
began, there have been three convocations, which were addressed 
by Cameron Forbes, Governor of the Philippines, on October 
29; Benjamin Ide Wheeler, president of the University of Cali- 
fornia, on November 12; and by Dr. Maclaurin, President-elect 
of the Institute, on December 15. These convocations are very 
popular with the students, who assemble fifteen or twenty minutes 
before the appointed time in order to indulge in congregational 
singing and cheering under song and cheer leaders. 

The enforcement of the "point system" by the Institute Com- 
mittee has made it necessary to press a large number of new men 
into service. This is true of each of the four classes, and it has had 
the immediate effect of stimulating the classes to greater action. 
The juniors were probably more seriously affected by it than any 
other class, but they voted to uphold the Institute Committee in 
its action, realizing the eventual good that would come from it. 
The students are looking to 19 10 to carry out the excellent work 
that has been started by the seniors, and it will require the best 
talent the class can offer to continue the work that has been so 
ably begun. The sophomores, although defeated on Field Day, 
are good losers, and are making plans to increase interest in class 
affairs. The freshman class seems to be one of much promise, 
and to it we look for large things. It has so far risen to its privi- 
leges quite as it should, and the "point system" is developing indi- 
viduals who will be of much use to the interests of the class and 
Technology during the coming four years. 19 12 realizes the 
unusually favorable position in which it is placed, entering, as it 
did, at an auspicious time, and seems to be taking advantage of 
every opportunity to help in the general advancement. 

Every year the number of sons of Tech men who enter the Insti- 
tute is growing larger. There are no statistics telling how large 
this number is. A few of the men who are identified as sons of 
Tech men are: D. F. Baker, son of D. Baker ('85); G. W. Bowers, 
son of G. Bowers C75); S. Cabot, Jr., son of S. Cabot ('70); 

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The Undergraduates 49 

K. W. Faunce, son of L. Faunce (^77)^ N. G. Herreshoff, Jr., A. S. D. 
HerrcshoflF, and A. G. Herreshoff, sons of N. G. Herreshoff ('70); 
I. S. James, son of S. James ('76); W. C. Kerr, C. P. Kerr, 
sons of W. H. Kerr ('83); C. R. Main, son of C. T. Main (>6); 
H. F. Miller, son of E. C. Miller C79); R. E. Morse, son of P. S. 
Morse ('84); F. B. Silsbee, son of F. H. Silsbee ('74); E. F. 
Sdmpson, son of T. F. Stimpson (^77)\ J. B. Tenney, son of F. 
Tenney ('83); E. C. Tolman, son of J. P. Tolman C68); and 
F. B. Wood, son of F. W. Wood i:^^). 

In welcoming the entering class at the first convocation of the 
year, President Noyes said: — 

You will find here a characteristic Insdtute student spirit, — one which 
cannot be matched, I believe, at any other college. Thus the antagonism 
between the two lower classes, which in many colleges leads to hazing 
and rushes, is here replaced by friendly 'rivalry in athledc contests and by 
true comradeship between members of the different classes in the numer- 
ous student acdviries. . . . That spirit is well illustrated by a variety of 
facts relating to our student life. Thus, in not many insdtuuons, I believe, 
would the trustees venture to place the management of a dining-room doing 
a business of f 30,000 a year, or even a club-room with all the inherent pos- 
sibiliries of abuse and disorder, in the charge of students, as has been pracd- 
cally done with the new Technology Union by the Insritute Corporation; 
nor in many colleges would the Faculty dare to relinquish all share in the 
control of athledcs. Moreover, in few places have the students collec- 
tively taken such sane interest in the promotion of their own welfare. As 
you know, the Institute Committee has recendy adopted the "point sys- 
tem '* to avoid excessive participation of individuals in social or athletic 
activities. The second-year class has taken such action as to do away 
with the useless and harmful activities of the night before Field Day. The 
Tech Show management of last year insisted that students should not take 
major parts who by so doing would be prevented from keeping up with 
their class. I mention these things, so that those of you who have come 
here for the first time may know that, though you may miss here some of 
the bojrish features of college life, you will find in place of them a sounder, 
more manly sentiment, which is even more conducive to the development 
of a successful student life. 

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50 The Technology Review 


Class Secretaries recommend New Con^tution and turn the 
** Review** over to Alumni Association — New Technology 
Associations at Portland, Ore., and Seattle, Wash. — ^Elnthu- 
siasm over Reunion 

Association of Class Secbetabies. — ^The Association of Class 
Secretaries has held two meetings recently to discuss the proposed 
consdtudon and attend to other business. The first one was held 
October i6, and was a joint meeting with the Executive Committee 
of the Alumni Association. This meeting was held at the new Tech 
Union, and was called to consider plans for the Second Tech Re- 
union of 1909 and receive the report of a special joint committee 
on the proposed reorganization of the Alumni Association. 

In speaking of the coming reunion, Secretary Fay ('93) called 
attention to the fact that, while the 1904 alumni mailing list con- 
tained less than 4,000 names, it now numbers about 8,700, — the 
increase being due lai^ely to the addition of names and addresses 
of former students, not graduates, many of whom have not been in 
touch with Institute affairs for years. About 1,600 were present at 
the first reunion, and it is reasonable to expect that we may have 
a larger number next year. It was moved and enthusiastically 
carried that we have a reunion in 1909, and that the slogan for the 
reunion be "co-operation." Professor Allen ('72) moved that the 
whole matter of the reunion be placed in the hands of the executive 
Committee of the Alumni Association, and that the Association of 
Class Secretaries pledge its most hearty co-operation. 

A. F. Bemis C93), chairman of the special joint committee, 
presented the majority and minority reports on the new constitution 
and by-laws, after which a lively discussion followed. The con- 
stitution and by-laws presented in this number of the Review were 

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Alumni are Active 51 

finally unanimously adopted. The total attendance at this meeting 
was forty-seven. 

On November 12 occurred the twelfth annual meeting of the 
Association of Gass Secretaries at the Technology Club, with 
Professor Richards ('68) in the chair. Dr. Noyes addressed the 
members, telling them about the new President, whose election had 
just been made public. There was a long Technology cheer given 
for Dr. Noyes and Professor Maclaurin, and the following telegram 
was sent to the latter: "Technology Association of Class Secretaries, 
assembled at annual meeting, sends greetings and pledges of loyal 
co-operation to our next President.'* 

The present officers of the association were re-elected. On 
motion of Mr. Munroe ('82) a vote expressing the appreciation of 
the secretaries for the work that Dr. Noyes has done was enthu- 
siastically carried. 

I. W. Litchfield ('85), managing editor of the Review, presented 
the annual report of The Technology Review. It showed that 
the publication is on about the same basis as it was a year ago. 
New plans for the future were presented, and the secretaries were 
asked to co-operate in securing advertising for the January Review. 
The chief items of the financial report are as follows: receipts from 
advertising, subscriptions, etc., 1^2,905; expenses, 1^2,864; bills pay- 
able, ^390; bills receivable, ^43, — leaving the Review little over 
a hundred dollars in debt. The balance on hand at the beginning 
of the year, however, was somewhat less than a year ago. The 
number of subscriptions to Volume IX. was 1,529; Volume X., 
1,607, — increase of 78. Old subscribers who renewed to Volume 
IX, 1,173; Volume X., 1,406. Percentage of renewals, Volume IX., 
86.4; Volume X., 87.4. The advertising in Volume IX. was ;pi,222; 
advertising in Volume X. was iPi,ioo, which is considered a very 
small loss during a trying period. 

Walter Humphreys ('97) spoke of the advantages of associate 
membership, showing that the associate member of to-day has all 
the privileges of the regular graduate excepting that of holding 
certain elective offices. On motion of Secretary Fay it was unani- 
mously voted that the^ publication of The Technology Review 

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52 The Technology Review 

be transferred to the Alumni Association, and on the motion of 
Professor Allen it was voted that the Association of Class Secre- 
taries assume the financial responsibility of the January Review 
to an amount not exceeding one thousand dollars. On motion of 
Professor Allen the thanks of the Association were extended by 
unanimous vote to Mr. Munroe for his services in connection with 
the publication of The Technology Review from its beginning to 
the present time. 

The plans for the Technology Reunion, 1909, were discussed, and 
F. G. Stantial (*79)> suggested the need of a music director to coach 
the alumni and undergraduates in singing. The chairman appointed 
a commiuee to take this matter in hand and to confer with the Re- 
union Committee in regard to it. The committee appointed was Mr. 
Stantial C79), Professor Mott ('89), and Maurice R. ScharfF ('09). 

The Tbchnolooy Club op Pugbt Sound. — On Friday even- 
ing, November 20, a dozen Technology men met at an informal din- 
ner at Seattle, Wash., to greet Dean Alfred E. Burton and renew 
allegiance to Technology. The Dean told us of the great advances 
that the Institute has made, and outlined the plans for the Reunion of 
1909, which, we understand, is to be the best ever. To some of us, 
who have not had fresh news from the Institute for several years, the 
description of the new plans for athletics and the provisions for stu- 
dent welfare were good to hear. During the evening the Technol- 
ogy Club of Puget Sound was formed with the following officers: 
president, Frank Dabney C75), Seattle; secretary, Medorem W. 
Greer ('91), Tacoma. It was agreed to have at least two dinners 
each year for the promotion of good fellowship among Tech men 
in the Puget Sound district, and the stimulation of Technology 

Those present at the dinner were: Dean Burton, Boston; Frank 
Dabney, L. T. Bushnell, Q. P. Emery, R. L. Rice, W. S. Matheson, 
Nahum C. Willey, David W. Phipps, B. C. Mooers, B. R. Grant, 
and L. A. Wallon, from Seattle; J. R. Morse and M. W. Greer, 
from Tacoma. There are at least thirty odd Tech men in this 
vicinity who will undoubtedly join the Association. 

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Alumni arc Active 53 

The secretary's address is 952 Commerce Street, Tacoma, and 
any visiting Tech man is urged to let the secretary know of his 
whereabouts, if he is in our vicinity. The Technology Club of 
Puget Sound wishes to congratulate the Institute on obtaining 
President Maciaurin, and wishes him God-speed in his work. — 
M. fF, Greer ('91), Secretary. 

Cincinnati M. I. T. Club. — At the meeting of this club held 
June 17 the following officers were elected: president, Rudolph 
Tietig ('98); vice-president, Stephen H. Wilder ('74); treasurer, 
William E. Brotherton {'7l)\ secretary, H. F. Schaefer ('05). Ex- 
ecutive committee: one year, Morten Carlisle ('90); two years, 
A. S. Prince ('05); three years, Stewart Miller ('06). 

This club usually has one annual meeting, which is sometimes 
held during the first week in February. We have informal meet- 
ings every Tuesday at 12.15 a.m., at which time several members 
gather at the Bismarck Cafe and take lunch together. We hope 
to have several members at the grand Reunion in June, although it 
is a little early to tell just how many. — H. F. Schaefer C05), 

Washington Society of the M. I. T. — ^The Washington 
Society will meet monthly during the winter, on the fourth Mon- 
day of the month, at the University Club, 930 i6th Street, N.W. 
The secretary is Arthur Cutts Willard ('04), 2204 Decatur Place, 
Washington, D.C. 

The Washington Society will take an active interest in the 1909 
Reunion, and special care will be taken to have all the men go that 
can. At least one of our monthly meetings will be devoted to the 
consideration of the June Reunion. — A. C. Willard {*o^)y Secretary, 

Technoix>ot Club op Habtpobd. — On November 28, about 25 
members enjoyed a very pleasant evening at the Heubiein, listening 
to a description of the new silent fire-arm invented by Hiram P. 
Maxim ('86). Mr. Maxim had about a dozen rifles of various- kinds, 
both American and foreign, to which the silencer was attached when 
the demonstrations were given during the evening. The experi- 
ments that were made were perfectly satisfactory. There was no 

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54 The Technology Review 

noise of explosion, the whistle of the bullet through the air and the 
thud of impact being the only audible sounds. Without the muffler 
the noise was deafening. 

It is the intention of this club to hold monthly meetings during the 
winter on the first or second Saturday of the month. The annual 
meeting of the club will be held in February. The secretary's 
address is 50 Highland Street, Hartford, Conn.^— G^or^^ W. Baker 
('92), Secretary. 

M. I. T. Club op Centbal New Yobk. — On November 17 the 
second annual meeting of the club was held at the University 
Club in the form of a smoker. The various late bulletins and 
letters from the Institute were read and discussed with great inter- 
est. Considerable enthusiasm over the 1909 general Reunion was 
shown, and there is little doubt that the club will be well rep- 
resented on that occasion. 

^ Our plans for the year are as follows: the annual meeting is 
held on the second Monday in November, with the midwinter 
banquet coming during the mid-year vacadon in order to bring the 
undergraduates into contact with the older men. It is the intention 
to hold informal gatherings every other month at the homes of the 

At the last annual meeting the following officers were elected 
for the ensuing year: president, W. E. Hopton ('91); vice-presi- 
dent, F. D. Ingalls ('01); secretary-treasurer, Ernest M. Smith 
(*o6), 16 15 West Greene Street, Syracuse, N.Y.; executive com- 
mittee, H. W. Jordan ('91), J. C. Baker ('05). 

We are all very anxious to keep in close touch with the Institute 
activities, and especially so at this time, when such vital questions 
are being decided as may determine the future welfare of Tech- 
nology. — Ernest M. Smith (*o6). Secretary-treasurer. 

The Technology Club of New Yobk. — Events of interest 
and importance have marked the last three months. 

The season opened with an evening devoted to '08 men, who were 
welcomed by members of the club at a bowling party. 

In October a special meeting was held for the threefold purpose 

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Alumni are Active 55 

of changing the number of governors from five to ten, of permit- 
ting the election of five governors chosen one in each year for 
terms of five years from assigned classes and five governors chosen 
annually for one-year terms from the membership at large; and of 
facilitating amendments to the constitution. These changes were 
almost unanimously adopted, and, as a result, the work of the club 
will be shared by more men, the board of governors will be more 
responsive to the desires of the majority of the members, and the 
responsibility for the success of the club is placed upon all Tech 
men in New York. 

At a smoker on December 5 at our present modest club-house, 
Mr. George A. Orrok ('89), mechanical engineer with the New 
York Edison Company, gave a very interesting ulk on "The Ro- 
mance of Engineering," and showed the important part that 
imagination has uken in engineering achievements. 

Plans are in progress for the annual dinner in February, and this 
year we are looking forward to the presence of our distinguished 
new President of the Institute. Meanwhile we hope to receive 
many applications for membership, so that every Tech man in New 
York may meet him as a member of this club. — William H. King 
('94), Secretary^ 36 East iStb Street, New Tork. 

Technology Club. — ^The Technology Club commenced its win- 
ter season with the club-house in excellent condition. During the 
summer the dining-room and common room were redecorated, and 
much-needed repairs to the common room furniture were made. 
A magazine rack has been placed in the small office on the second 
floor, and back numbers of magazines for the current year will be 
kept on file. 

Three smoke talks have been held during the present season. 
On October 20 Mr. Seth K. Humphrey told, in his usual witty 
style, of his experiences in the Holy Land, and showed a fine collec- 
tion of photographs taken on the trip. On November 6 Professor 
William C. Story, of Clark University, spoke interestingly of various 
types of mathematical puzzles. The talk was original, and was 
illustrated with numerous blackboard puzzles, card tricks, and feats 
of memory. On November 8 Mr. James B. Connolly entertained 

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56 The Technology Review 

the largest audience of the season with a breezy description of his 
trip around Cape Horn with the battleship fleet. 

Under the management of the new steward, Mr. Alfred Sydney, 
the dining-room has been much improved, and the increased patron- 
age of the resuurant promises a successful season. — Robert 5. 
WilliamSy Secretary, 83 Newbury Street, Boston. 

Tbchnolooy Association of Oregon. — On the 19th of Novem- 
ber last was organized at Portland, Ore., the Technology Association 
of Oregon. At that time Dean Burton was visiting in the Pacific 
North-west, attending the Educational Congress at Whitman Col- 
lege, Walla Walla, Wash., and the Tech men at Portland seized 
the opportunity to get together. This was the second time that 
the Tech men in this locality had ever been together. The only 
previous gathering had been in September, at which time the organ- 
izing of a permanent association was discussed and committees 
appointed for that purpose. At the Dean Burton dinner these com- 
mittee reports were received, a constitution adopted, officers elected, 
and the youngest Tech alumni association started on its career. 
Mr. E. F. Lawrence ('01) was chosen president, and A. G. Labbe 
('07), secretary and treasurer. These are the only officers of the 
association except an executive committee composed of W. B. 
Ayer ('82), S. G. Reed ('94), and B. R. Honeyman ('06). 

The purpose of the association is to bring together the Tech men 
in and about Portland and promote the interests of the Institute 
in that locality. It is the intention to have at least one formal 
banquet each year, probably at the time of the annual meeting in 
May. The organizadon is too young as yet to have formulated 
any definite plan for meedng, but there will be held informal meet- 
ings and smokers from rime to time. There are about twenty-five 
Tech men in Oregon, not including the undergraduates registered 
from there. 

It was a great pleasure to the men so far removed from their 
Alma Mater to have Dean Burton with them and receive at first 
hand all the latest news of Tech's activities. Professor Burton's 
remarks were listened to with great interest. W. B. Ayer, E. F. 
Lawrence, and others made short remarks, and much Tech enthu- 

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Alumni arc Active 57 

siasm was manifest. Before adjourning a telegram of congratula- 
tion was sent to Dr. Richard C. Madaurin, recently chosen as Pres- 
ident of the Institute. — A, G. Labbe ('07), Secretary^ Front and \pb 
Streets, Portland, Ore, 

The Technoloot Club op Philadelphia. — ^The first fall 
meeting of the Technology Qub of Philadelphia was held at the 
City Club on Saturday evening, November 7. An informal beef- 
steak dinner was served. Thirty members were present, represent- 
ing classes all the way from '75 to '08. Professor Gummere, of 
Drexel Institute, who was a member of the Technology expedition 
to the Aleutian Islands, was to have been the guest of the evening, 
but, owing to a death in his family, he was unable to be present. 
Several of the members gave short talks on subjects connected with 
their work, and a general discussion followed. 

It was with deep regret that the club received the resignation 
of President Daniell. Owing to continued ill-health, Mr. Daniell 
has found it necessary to leave this section of the country. For 
several years Mr. Daniell has been very closely associated with 
all the activities of the club, and his loss will be severely felt- The 
present officers of the club are: president, Frank H. Keisker ('97); 
secretary-treasurer, Percy E. Tillson (*o6), 419 Y. M. C. A. Build- 
ing; executive committee, Clayton W. Pike ('89), Harry P. Cod- 
dington ('95), Fred A. Hunnewell ('97), Edgar P. Trask ('99), 
Lewis A. Miller ('01), H. Le Roy Walker ('05). — ^The second meet- 
ing of the season of the Technology Club of Philadelphia was a 
smoker held at the T Square Club on Saturday evening, December 
12. Twenty-five members were present. Light refreshments, 
both liquid and solid, were served. Letters from the alumni head- 
quarters and from the Review concerning the approaching All- 
Technology Reunion were read, and the indications were that a 
large delegation from the Philadelphia Club would attend, as over 
half of the members who were present signified their intention of 
getting back to civilization on that occasion. 

Mr. Ernest Harrah ('04), of the Midvale Steel Company, pre- 
sented a very interesting and instructive paper on the manufact- 
ure of car and locomotive wheels. He explained the preparation of 

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58 The Technology Review 

the material, the construction, the merits and the defects of a large 
number of the wheels on the market. He covered the field in a very 
thorough manner, and brought out many interesting points con- 
cerning that branch of the steel industry. 

The club will hold an informal dinner in the latter part of Jan- 
uary, and after the dinner the annual business meedng and election 
of officers will take place. — Percy E, Tillson, Secretary, 

Technology Association of Nobthebn California. — Our 
meetings for the next six months are as follows: January 6, social 
evening, San Francisco; February 3, stag theatre party, Van Ness 
Theatre, San Francisco; March 4, dinner at Matdas', San Fran- 
cisco; April 6, ladies' theatre party, McDonough Theatre, Oak- 
land; May I, annual dinner and business meeting at St. Francis 
Hotel, San Francisco. 

The list of the officers is as follows: Charles Oilman Hyde ('96), 
president; Howard Cobum Blake ('06), secretary -treasurer, 
Berkeley, Cal.; William E. Leland ('91), Ernest A. Hersam ('91), 
Oscar Charles Merrill C05), executive committee. 

At our last dinner, held at the Heidelberg Inn, San Francisco, 
on November 18, we were thirty strong, and spent a very enjoyable 

President Hyde spoke generally on Technology topics. The 
secretary read several letters from The Technology Review, the 
Alumni Association, Professor Noyes, and the Oregon and South- 
em California Associations. A telegram was sent our new presi- 
dent, assuring him of our hearty co-operation. One was also sent 
to our new association in Oregon, and one to Dean Burton, then at 
Portland, urging him to visit San Francisco. The evening closed 
with songs and short talks from different members. Mr. Marcus 
('03), told of the Oregon Association, Mr. Adams ('78), followed 
with a story of the First Reunion in the West, Mr. Jones ('09), 
gave us a late word from the Institute which preceded a discussion 
of a Ladies' Night, during which discussion Messrs. Frazer ('05), 
Leland ('91), Pearse ('01), Ferry ('03), all told how necessary it 
was. The evening closed with a resolution of good will to Professor 
Maclaurin and short speeches by Messrs. Colmesnil. and Reid. 

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Alumni are Active 59 

The following week the executive committee met, and drew up 
a set of resolutions to our new president and planned the calendar 
for the coming six months. Each member will shordy receive a 
list of the membership, addresses, and a copy of the calendar of 
the association for the coming year. — H, C. Blake^ Secretary-treasurer, 

TBCHNoiiOGY Club op Southern California. — Under the 
date of December 5, W. T. Knowlton C93), president of the club, 
writes from Los Angeles as follows: "We hold our annual meeting 
tonight of the Technology Club of Southern California on the top 
of Mount Wilson (as Tech men are aspiring to reach the summit), 
where Professor George E. Hale ('90) will entertain us at the hotel 
with a banquet, followed by a lecture, illustrated by stereopticon, 
on the largest telescope of the day, which we will examine at the 
Mount Wilson observatory. Professor Hale is in charge of this 
Carnegie station, and he has just got things in place. Leaving 
Los Angeles at noon, we go to Sierra Madre by electrics, where we 
take animals and ride to the summit, a nine-mile trail. Some 
twenty-four fellows will make up the party, which will return the 
next day, and I think the trip will be one we shall remember with 
pleasure. The Technology Club of Southern California has a 
membership of between forty and fifty, and is growing fast. It in- 
cludes several representatives of classes in the sixties, seventies, and 
eighties, so that it is not dependent upon the younger men alone 
for encouragement. The New England College Club was formed 
two weeks ago in Los Angeles, all the New England colleges except 
Harvard and Yale being on the list. Monthly luncheons will be 
held to promote acquaintance and to foster a college spirit. Upon 
the executive committee of this new club the Technology Club 
is represented by its president." 

North-western Association op MAsa Inst. Tech. — ^The 
present officers are: John L. Shortall,- president, '87; Richard E. 
Schmidt, vice-president, '87; Ernest Woodyatt, secretary and 
treasurer, '97, 1615 Ashland Block, Chicago, 111. The execu- 
tive committee consists of above-named officers, together with 
Frederick K. Copeland, Dr. Mortimer Frank, Samuel D. Flood, and 
Edward M. Hagar. 

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It has been the custom of this association to hold an annual 
banquet during the latter part of February in each year, and it is 
now contemplated to hold such a banquet some time in February 
next, the exact date not yet being set, but will doubtless be soon 
agreed upon; and arrangements to make the banquet a success 
are now under way. 

During the year informal suppers and meetings are held, at 
such dmes and for such purposes as the execudve committee 
deems advisable. Since the last annual banquet there have been 
two informal suppers, one being held last June, at the South 
Shore Country Club, — beautifully located on Lake Michigan, just 
south of Jackson Park, — ^where the afternoon was spent in outdoor 
games, and supper was served in the club-house in the evening. 
It was a jolly affair and greatly enjoyed, about forty-two men 
being in attendance. 

On Saturday evening, Nov. 28, 1908, there was an informal 
supper given, at the University Club in this city, at which the 
president, Mr. John L. Shortail, presided. He gave a full account 
of his recent visit to the Tech Union while in Boston, and described 
it and told what it was accomplishing for the students. Mr. 
Frederick K. Copeland spoke very interestingly, his subject being 
"The New President of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology." 
Mr. Theodore W. Robinson spoke with his usual candor and 
effectiveness, his subject being "The Duties of Alumni"; and 
several other good stirring addresses were made by various mem- 
bers of our association. The music was furnished by "Johnny" 
Hand's Orchestra of seven pieces, including the big bass drum. 
Old college songs were sung with great enthusiasm, and the meeting 
was a rousing success. At this meeting it was urged that our 
alumni out here subscribe for The Technology Review and The 
Tech. We believe that, if the officers of The Tech should make an 
effort to reach the alumni throughout the country, they would 
be able to interest them to the point of subscribing for that very 
excellent publication. The Technology Review seems to be 
making that effort. 

It has been concluded that we shall not be able to arrange to have 

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Alumni are Active 6i 

the Glee Club come here this year, but possibly in another year 
such arrangements may be made. 

Any former Tech student is eligible to membership in the North- 
western Association by making application to any of the officers 
of our association, and paying to the secretary-treasurer the annual 
dues of $2 for resident membership and of |Si for non-resident 

The officers of our association invite all Tech students to feel 
that they are welcome at our banquets and gatherings, and urge 
them to join our association, if they can conveniently attend our 
meetings, and to co-operate with us in keeping our directory up 
to date by furnishing us with their own names and addresses and 
the names and addresses of other Tech students who should be, 
but are not, members. — E. fVoodyatty Secretary, 

Technology Club op New Bedford. — ^Twenty-one Tech men, 
including Acting President Noyes, sat down to the annual dinner 
of the Technology Club of New Bedford at the Wamsutta Club on 
Friday evening, December ii. President S. C. Hathaway pre- 
sided, and after a short talk by Charles F. Lawton on Present Needs 
of the Institute as Seen by an Old Graduate, President Noyes 
was introduced, and gave an interesting discourse on what was 
being done at Tech and on the new President. Charles R. Allen 
also gave a short talk on the new Industrial High School, of which 
he has just been elected master. The dinner was concluded with 
a rousing Tech yell. — Charles F, fFing, Jr,, Secretary. 

Technology Club of Central Pennsylvania. — ^The second 
annual dinner of the Technology Club of Central Pennsylvania 
was held on Saturday evening, December 12, in the assembly 
room of the Engineers' Club in Harrisburg, Pa. 

Before the dinner a short business meeting was held, with Mr. 
L. E. Johnson ('89) in the chair. Nominations for the new presi- 
dent were then made, and Mr. Frank A. Robbins, Jr. ('02), was 
unanimously elected. 

The following new members were then elected: Henry V. Spurr, 
Uldric Thompson, Jr., Harry S. Percival, Ralph E. Irwin. 

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62 The Technology Review 

At seven o'clock the meeting was adjourned to the dining-room, 
where the following men sat down to a "turkey dinner": George 
P. Vanier ('85), L. E. Johnson ('89), J. W. Campbell ('96), Stephen 
Badlam ('00), John R. Brownell ('01), E. L. Chapman ('01), 
Farley Gannett ('02), Paul Hooker ('02), Frank A. Robbins, Jn 
('02), Harry S. Percival ('05), R. V. McKay ('06), F. E. Langen- 
heim ('07), Henry V. Spurr ('08), Ralph E. Irwin ('09), Uldric 
Thompson, Jr. ('09). 

During the dinner several toasts were drunk to "Old M. I. T," 
"the new President/' "the Classes," and to "Mrs. King, God 
bless her!" After the dinner K. I. Grant ('02) joined the party, 
and the rest of the evening was spent with Tech songs, and ended 
with a rousing M. I. T. yell. — Stephen Badlam, Secretary^ Steeltofiy 

The PmsBURG Association or the Mass. Inst, of Tech. — 
Although the Pittsburg district has passed through a most severe 
financial ordeal during the past year, the Pittsburg Association 
has not suflFered because of lack of interest, and is making prepara- 
tions for a year of largely increased usefulness. 

We are making arrangements for an informal smoker in January, 
and are looking forward to our annual dinner in February, when 
arrangements will be made for the Technology Reunion in June. 
The dinner will probably take place during the second week in 
February. During the course of the year there will be several in- 
formal meetings, and all Tech men of this vicinity are cordially 
invited to communicate with the secretary, so that notices may be 

The officers are: L. K. Yoder ('95), president; S. B. Ely ('92), 
vice-president; Waldso Turner ('05), secretary-treasurer, 1174 
Frick Building Annex; W. I. Bickford ('01), and C. S. Robinson, 
('84), executive committee. — Waldso Turnery Secretary-treasurer, 

Alumni Association of the M. I. T. — On October 10 the 
nominating committee of the Association reported the following 
names for officers and for term members of the Corporation: for 
president, Edwin S. Webster ('88); vice-president, Frank E. Shep- 

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Alumni are Active 63 

hard (*87); secretary, Walter Humphreys ('97); executive com- 
mittee, William S. Johnson ('89), and Charles F. Park ('92); 
nominating committee, Harry W. Tyler (*84), Edward H. Huxley 
(*95), and Frederick H. Hunter ('02); committee on school, Lin- 
wood O. Towne ('78); trustee of the alumni fund and of the life 
membership fund, James P. Munroe ('82); advisory council 
on athletics, Frank H. Briggs ('81); for term members of the Cor- 
poration, Walter B. Snow ('82), Theodore W. Robinson ('84), 
Charles R. Richards ('85), HoUis French C89), George C. Whipple 
('89), James Swan ('91), William H. King, ('94), E. Laurence 
Hard (^95). 

Interesting Figures of Registration 

The number of students this year is again larger than that of the 
previous year: it is 1462, a gain of more than fifty. The first-year 
dass is larger, and there is a marked increase in the number of 
students from other colleges, both graduates and noo-graduates. 
The per cent, of the new students who have studied elsewhere is 
twenty-nine. The students graduated from other colleges before 
entering the Institute Represent ninety-one colleges or universities. 
While last year 20 per cent, of the students admitted on examina- 
tion did not register, this year only 12.5 per cent, failed to enter. 

All but two states and three territories of the Union send students 
to the Institute. The seventy-two foreign students come from 
thirty different countries. The largest representation from any 
one foreign country is ten students from China. Ten years ago 
there were but twenty-seven foreign students from thirteen countries. 
Only the north central group of states have fewer students than last 
year, as there is a gain in the numbers from the north Atlantic, the 
south Atlantic, the south central and the western states. 

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64 The Technology Review 


Architectural Students Honored — ^Advances in the Physics, 
Chemical and Electrical Elngineering Departments 

Depabtment OF Abchitectube. — Of the four men from the 
colleges of the countiy who qualified for the Roman prize in archi- 
tecture of the American Academy, three are from the Institute of 
Technology. The other is from the University of Pennsylvania 
architectural department. 

The three men are Edgar I. Williams, W. Frederic Dolke, Jr., 
and Cecil F. Baker. The successful candidate from Pennsylvania 
is Roy Childs Jones. 

The Technology men are graduate students, Baker having taken 
his bachelor's degree in 1907 and the two others graduating last 
year. They will spend the rest of the present term in preparing 
their final plans, following the outline of the fourteen-hour sketch 
problem already handed in. The final plans are to be in color. 

The schools of architecture represented in the competition are 
Harvard, Columbia, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, George Washington University (Wash- 
ington, D.C.), Cornell, University of California, Washington Uni- 
versity (St. Louis, Mo.), and the University of Illinois. Gradu- 
ates of the School of Fine Arts in Paris were also eligible. 

The American Academy in Rome was chartered by the State 
of New York in 1897. It maintains a course of study in Rome, 
sending students over from this country. Music, painting, sculpt- 
ure and architecture are the subjects taken up. The latter depart- 
ment was started only two years ago. Last year this scholarship 
was awarded to a Technology man, Ernest Lewis. 

Besides the scholarship at the academy each beneficiary is allowed 
IS 1, 000 each year for three years, and is also allowed travelling 

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News from the Departments 65 

expenses to and from the Italian capital. Eight months of each 
year are spent in study at Rome, and the remaining four are spent 
in an annual term of travel. 

The Committee on Architecture which judged the competition 
was composed of William M. Kendall, S. Breck Trowbridge (chair- 
man), Samuel Chester French, Edward H. Blashfield, and Frank 
Niles Day. The officers of the Academy Association are: presi- 
dent, Charles Follen McKim; vice-president, Theodore N. Ely; 
secretary, Francis D. Millet; director, George W. Beck. 

The problem was a building for the academy in Rome, supposing 
a frontage of five hundred feet, an administration building and 
studios were called for. 

Departbient of Physics. — ^Mr. Faxon, of the Department, has 
succeeded in so mounting the Kohl apparatus that the Cavendish 
experiment can be shown in the physical lecture-room under favor- 
able conditions. In the apparatus used, a modification of that of 
Boys, attraction is exerted between two lead spheres each about four 
inches in diameter and two small silver spheres carried at the ends 
of an arm suspended by a quartz filament. A ray of light is re- 
flected upon the screen from a mirror attached to the arm, and 
the motion of this ray when the filament is twisted by the mutual 
attraction of the masses is readily seen. The effective pull on 
each of the small spheres is only one five hundred millionth of a 
gram. The needed steadiness is secured by placing the movable 
system on a Julius suspension. 

Many valuable acquisitions of physical apparatus have been 
received during the past few months. 

Among these should be particularly mentioned the gift from 
Dr. William Rollins of a large Tolles microscope, a magnificent 
instrument, with objectives and accessories, and also of a powerful 
"Geryk" air-pump. 

Of the general physical apparatus purchased, the following 
pieces are especially worthy of note : — 

From Goetze. of Leipzig, a collection of spectrum tubes of new 
patterns for use in the laboratory and lectures, and also a con- 
siderable number of new Crookes tubes for the study of electrical 

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66 The Technology Review 

phenomena in high vacua. From Emecke, of Berlin^ a large Lecher 
apparatus for the demonstration of stationary electric waves; and 
a simple form of Wheatstone's wave apparatus for illustrating 
the mechanical combination of waves in rectangular planes. From 
Kohly of Chenmitz, a Zamboni dry pile of 6,000 elements; a Schaik 
resonance top; a balanced double gyroscope; an electrical inter- 
rupter fork of variable pitch and a variable fork with resonator, 
driven by the same, which illustrate very beautifully the struggle 
between free and forced vibrations; a new battery of very large 
and stout Leyden jars. From the Zeiss Company, of Jena, a veranty 
which is a device for properly viewing a photograph so as to exhibit 
it to the eye under proper optical conditions of perspective. From 
Griffin & Sons, London, a Rutherford electroscope for use in 
connection with the study of radio-activity. 

There has been constructed in the Department workshop a 
vibrating projecting oscillograph, devised by Professor Derr for 
class demonstration, which operates in a very satisfactory man- 
ner, and also a reflectoscope for use with the lanterns habitually 
employed in the lecture-room. 

A considerable additional number of astronomical slides taken 
from negatives made at the Yerkes Observatory has been pur- 
chased, and our large collection of color photographs has been 
increased by about forty lantern slides made by Professor Derr 
and presented by him to the Department, which illustrate the new 
Lumiere and other processes. Besides pictures of ordinary objects 
these include micro-photographs in color, polarized light effects, 
and also some slides showing the limitations of various processes. 

The Department has recently purchased from the income of 
the Katharine Bigelow Lowell bequest a very fine crystal reflec- 
tometer from the Zeiss Optical Company. This instrument not 
only permits of the accurate determination of the index of refrac- 
tion of small crystals, but is so constructed that the index may be 
determined in any direction through the crystal, and thus the wave 
forms in doubly refracting crystals ascertained. The instrument 
is intended primarily for the instruction of students particularly 
interested in crystallography and for research work. 

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News from the Departments 67 

In the Laboratory of Applied Electrochemistry it has been 
found necessary to increase the equipment of high temperature 
measuring instruments, as practically all experiments in electric 
furnace processes, as now arranged, call for a record of the tempera- 
ture attained. The latest acquirement for this purpose is a Fery 
radiation pyrometer, which with a Wanner optical pyrometer and 
a number of thermoelectric pyrometers provides all the instruments 
needed at present. A new furnace designed for the production of 
carbides has been imported, and a Sturtevant crusher for preparing 
furnace charges. 

To maintain the equipment for experimental work in chemical 
ph)rsics at the highest standard, the latest forms of Beckmann 
boiling and freezing point apparatus have been imported, as well as 
apparatus for the measurement of dielectric and critical constants. 

An apparatus for making continuous records of temperatures 
has been installed in the Laboratory of Heat Measurements. This 
is a recording resistance pyrometer made by the Cambridge (Eng- 
land) Scientific Instrument Company, and is capable of recording 
temperatures from 200° up to 1,000° Centigrade, making a perma- 
nent ink record upon cross-section paper. It is especially adapted 
for a record of temperatures in operations in which it is desired 
to keep track hourly or daily of changes in temperature, and is 
also available for the recording of meldng points, boiling points, 
and recalescence points, the results being more accurate and much 
easier to obtain than by the older method of individual readings 
with subsequent plottings. The instrument operates in virtue of 
the change in electrical resistance of platinum wire with change 
in temperature, — a principle whose development in the construc- 
tion of pyrometers has been largely due to Callender and Griffiths. 
It is a gift to the laboratory from Professor Norton. 

Chemibtbt and Chebhcal Engineering. — ^The Department 
has again outgrown its quarters, and has been obliged to convert 
the remaining portion of Room 26, Walker, the room at the front 
of the second floor, into a laboratory for analytical chemistry, 
connected with the larger laboratory for the same purpose on 
that floor, which is under the immediate charge of Dr. Thorp. 

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68 The Technology Review 

This change became necessary in order to accommodate the stu- 
dents in analytical and organic chemistry. A considerable portion 
of the analytical laboratory on the top floor of the Walker Build- 
ing is now used for organic laboratory work. 

The newly organized Research Laboratory of Applied Chem- 
istry is gaining headway. Dr. Wilhelm Guertler, former assistant 
to Professor Tammann at Gottingen, and Dr. W. K. Lewis (Course 
X., '05), who returned last summer from Breslau, are devoting their 
entire time to the research work, while Dr. Bums and Mr. A. T. 
Hinckley (Course V., '08), devote themselves in part to instruction 
and in part to research work. Dr. Walker, as director, holds 
weekly conferences and seminars, which are also attended by other 
members of the Department, and are proving helpful and inter- 

The equipment of the Industrial Laboratory has been increased 
by the addition of a down-draft melting furnace, made by the 
American Gas Furnace Company, which will make possible 
the undertaking of several new lines of thesis work, and will also 
prove serviceable in connection with the work of the Research 

The Chemical Society of the Institute, the membership of which 
is made up of students in the second, third, and fourth years of 
the Courses V., VIII., option 3, and X., holds monthly meetings 
during the Institute year, except in January. The speakers this 
year have been Professor Talbot, on chemistry as a profession; 
Professor Woodman, on the pure food laws and their enforcement; 
and Professor Jennings, of Worcester Polytechnic Institute, on 
alchemy, past and present. In addition to these gatherings, which 
are properly controlled by the officers of the society with such 
assistance from the Department as may be desired. Professor Tal- 
bot has asked a few men who are active in pure or applied chem- 
istry to speak to the students on topics of special interest to them. 
These gatherings are held after the close of the regular exercises 
in the afternoon. Dr. Bertram B. Boltwood, of Yale University, 
gave such a talk on Recent Developments in Radioactivity, on the 
17th of December. Mr. M. C. Whitaker, of the Welsbach Corn- 

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News from the Departments 69 

pany, has promised to give a series of talks later in the year, and 
an effort is being made to secure other speakers. 

Dr. Thorp is giving a series of lectures on Industrial Chemistry 
in connection with the Lowell Teachers' School of Science. This 
course was arranged for through the efforts of the New England 
Association of Chemistry Teachers, and is especially adapted to 
their needs. 

Dr. Sherrill has not yet been able to resume his work at the Insti- 
tute, but it is a pleasure to report excellent progress toward recov- 
ery of his strength, and it is expected that he will soon be able to 
resume active service. Professor G. N. Lewis is conducting the 
class-room exercises in Theoretical Chemistry, which were in Dr. 
Sherrill's charge, and Mr. R. C. Tolman is taking care of the 
laboratory work. 

The Department should be well represented at the winter meeting 
at Baltimore of the American Association for the Advancement 
of Science and the American Chemical Society. Professor 
Lewis is Chairman of the Section of Physical Chemistry of the 
American Chemical Society, and will give an address on "The 
Use and Abuse of the Ionic Theory." Professor Talbot is 
chairman of the Section on the Education of Chemists, and, as 
retiring chairman of Section C of the Association, will give a short 
address on "Science Teaching as a Career." Dr. Lewis is also 
president of the North-eastern Section of the Chemical Society, 
ha\ing its headquarters in Boston. Dr. Walker has a prominent 
part in the Council of the recently formed Division of Industrial 
Chemistry and Chemical Engineers of the Chemical Society, of 
which Mr. A. D. Little is chairman. Drs. Noyes, Walker and 
Talbot are members of the Council of the Society, and the names 
of the following Institute men, including former students, are found 
on the preliminary list of papers: Professors Walker and Moore, 
and Messrs. Skinner, Olmsted, Arsem, Woodbridge, Washburn, 
Lind, Walton, Kraus, Bray, Mackay, and Mailey. 

A part of the summer was spent by Mr. John A. Christie, of the 
third year of Course V., at the works of Harrison Brothers & Com- 
pany, in continuance of the series of summer courses which they 

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70 The Technology Review 

have offered for several years past. At the request of the com- 
pany for an additional nomination of a second-year student to begin 
the course, Mr. G. P. Lunt, of Course X., was reconunended by 
the Department, and he also spent a profitable season at Phila- 

Mr. Rolfe has been granted leave of absence for the remainder 
of the year to undertake the direction of the working up of the 
sugar crop at Aguirre, Porto Rico. He takes with him Mr. C. L. 
Lufkin (V., '08). 

Professor Talbot has recently sent out a considerable number 
of letters to graduates and former students who were not associ- 
ated with the American Chemical Society, in an effort to interest 
them in its work, and in connection with this letter a request was 
made for some personal word regarding themselves. A considerable 
number of responses have been received to this latter request, and 
the interest shown in the welfare of the Department, the warm per- 
sonal greetings to its members, and the sketches of experiences 
since the closer associations necessarily ceased have been a source 
of much gratification to us all. 

Electrical Engineering Department. — ^The first of the 
Electrical Engineering Society dinners for the present Institute 
year, in the series which has been heretofore described in The 
Technology Review, was held on the evening of Thursday, 
December 10, in the new Union. A very pleasant evening was 
passed with dining and singing and cheers. Mr. Louis A. Fer- 
guson, Technology '88, and now president of the American Insti- 
tute of Electrical Engineers, spoke to the students upon the subject 
of their ambitions and the way to direct their education. His 
speech was heartily applauded and cheered. The Technology 
cheer for Mr. Ferguson stirred him to give the cheer of the Elec- 
trical Engineering Society of his day in the Institute, and the even- 
ing ended in great enthusiasm. Mr. Ferguson, who is now vice- 
president of the Commonwealth Edison Company of Chicago, 
is one of the notable class of 1888 which turned out many well- 
known electrical engineers, including, besides Mr. Ferguson, 
Charles A. Stone, Edwin S. Webster, and Russell Robb of Stone & 
Webster, and others. 

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News from the Departments 71 

A notably large number of young men studying electrical engi- 
neering at the Institute of Technology come from among the grad- 
uate students or students who have entered with advanced stand- 
ing. Many of these students have pursued a course in arts or a 
course in general science elsewhere, and are spending two or three 
years in completing the electrical engineering course at the Insti- 
tute of Technology; others have graduated from other engineer- 
ing schools, and are spending one or two years in study at the Insti- 
tute to get its baccalaureate degree; and several of particulariy 
high preparation are pursuing advanced study and research for 
the purpose of obtaining the higher degrees of Master of Science 
in electrical engineering or Doctor of Engineering. 

It is probable that the latter students, who are occupied in ad- 
vanced study and research, are enjoying the first regularly organ- 
ized work in this country leading to the degree of Doctor of Engi- 
neering. That degree has heretofore been conferred by American 
engineering schools as an honorary distinction, but it has not in 
this country been used among the degrees to be secured by study 
and research in the schools. Brilliant work has been done by stu- 
dents studying for this degree in the great polytechnic schools at 
Berlin and Carlsruhe, Germany, and it is hoped that work of this 
nature in the Electrical Engineering Department of the Institute 
will become popular with electrical students of the highest ability 
and that it may become influential in stimulating a larger spirit 
of engineering research. 

The undergraduate electrical engineering course has a senior 
class about 20 per cent, larger this year than last year, and the De- 
partment will soon be a candidate for larger quarters. The labora- 
tory quarters of the Department are large, and they are impressive 
in their equipment, but even they are becoming overcrowded, and 
additional class-rooms are much needed. One of the sore needs 
of the Department is to have one or two class-rooms which are 
assigned solely to its use, so that problem sections and quiz sections 
may be made up at the convenience of students and instructors for 
the purpose of more distinctly vitalizing the problem instruction 
and allied instruction. At the present time the Department does 

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72 The Technology Review 

not have a single class-room which is assigned to its own use, and 
the convenience and effectiveness of its teaching must therefore be 
subordinated to the schedule of class hours in which class-rooms 
may be available. 

Mining Department. — We have put in a Callow settling unk 
for clarifying the water used in our concentrating work. We have a 
new compressor to give us compressed air for various purposes, 
running rock drills or combustion. We have a new soft coal muffle 
furnace for doing the lead assay in the crucible after the manner 
adopted in many western plants. We have a new sample crusher 
and a new disc grinder for grinding samples. We have a new 
arrangement of flues to give greater efficiency to our reverberatory 
furnaces. We have ordered new triplex rolls from Denver for 
fine crushing. We have received a Pierce amalgamator, which is one 
of the latest and best amalgamating devices. We have the Hendryx 
agitating tank for cyanide and the agitating tank for dissolving 
copper, both of which are in the front rank of modem improvements. 

Department of English. — In a freshman class smaller and 
more capable than the average. Professor Pearson is carrying out 
a novel exercise in writing English, — a newspaper, the Freshman 
Enterprise^ issued once a week, edited and entirely written by mem- 
bers of the class, and distributed to them in neostyled copies. For 
each issue three students are appointed editors. Every other 
student has to hand in at least four hundred words, either of news 
items or editorial matter, or a letter to the editors. From this 
matter, pseudonymously presented, the editorial board selects ma- 
terial, about fifteen hundred words in volume, which it arranges 
in the form of a newspaper. Each issue is, after distribution, 
criticised in class. 

The issues were at first deficient chiefly in news paragraphs, 
but the material of this sort was later more developed; and in the 
last number appeared an article on the Prize Drill expressing the 
ideas of Major Wheeler, who was especially interviewed for the 
purpose by an Enterprise reporter. Similarly, interesting items 
were gleaned from the December Bulletin, upon statistics of regis- 

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News from the Departments 73 

tradon. Expressions of opinion, both in editorial form and in cor- 
respondence, were numerous and varied, including protest about 
inadequate lockers, criticism of depraved commercialism in that 
"esteemed contemporary," The Techy appeals for a 'varsity base- 
ball team and a Tech orchestra. 

As an exercise in English writing, the paper is interesting be- 
cause it concerns a wide variety of subjects, in all of which students 
should be naturally and vitally interested. Such a publication, too, 
provides for the writer a very definite audience, to which he has to 
adjust his material with tact and effectiveness. Further, each 
student submits his writing to the judgment not of an academic 
superior, but of his equals, and his material, as well as their judg- 
ment in selection, is subsequently discussed by the body of readers 
whom especially it was intended to inform and persuade. 


The social hall of the Tech Union was a brilliant spectacle on 
Christmas Eve when Dr. Noyes, the Acting President, gave a recep- 
tion to the students who remained in Boston during the Christmas 
vacation.' The room was trimmed with Christmas greens, and a 
handsomely decorated Christmas tree was provided. Professor Arlo 
Bates rendered Dickens's own shortened reading of "The Christmas 
Carol," and the Yule log was brought in by four sturdy under- 
graduates and placed in the great fireplace, while the Tech quar- 
tette sang Robert Herrick's "Song for the Yule Log." After the 
presentation of the gifts the quartette appeared, bearing on their 
shoulders an enormous wassail bowl, filled to the brim, chanting the 
"Wassail Song," which is taken from "Kynge Johan," 1550, the 
oldest wassail song known. The Tech orchestra and Glee Club 
furnished music. There were about two hundred present. 

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74 The Technology Review 


The appropriations from the Income Fund by the Executive 
Committee of the Coq>oration during the year ending Sept. 30, 
1908, are given below. — 

For one-half the cost of erecting and equipping the new Tech- 
nology Union ff »500 

For installing new boilers and improving the heating and power 

plant 9,750 

For fittings and installation of the new steam turbine 2,690 

For steel testing machine for Mechanical Engineering Laboratoiy, 500 
For equipment of the extension of the Laboratory of Analytical 

Chemistiy 650 

For maintenance and improvement of athletic field 1,600 

For providing for personal conferences between first-year students 

and instructors 1,600 

For increase of salaries of the instructing staff 16,600 

Tot^l ^1*890 

The power plant referred to is said to be the best-arranged plant 
in New England. Those familiar with the old plant, or rather 
plants, will welcome this needed improvement. Donors to the 
Income Fund who have any close knowledge of the grand work that 
the new Union is doing for the students will be gratified to know 
that without this gift the Union could not, in all probability, have 
been built at this rime. 

On March 20, 1908, President Noyes delivered to the instructing 
staff a talk on Teaching which, by reason of its comprehensive 
statement of the ideals of instruction of a scientific school, is a con- 
tribution not only of permanent value to teachers, but of general 
interest to Technology alumni. It was published in Science No- 
vember 13. 

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Professors' Salaries 75 


The last bulletin of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advance- 
ment of Teaching is devoted to a very interesting discussion of the 
financial status of the professor in America and in Germany. A 
table is given of 103 institutions which spend more than ^5,000 
per year for salaries to the instructing staff, — such a list natu- 
rally including the principal colleges and universities of the 
country. The order of the institutions in the scale of total salaries 
is: Columbia, |i, 100,000; Harvard, ^842,000; Chicago, ^699,000; 
and so on, — ^the Institute coming fourteenth in the list with I301,- 
000, between Princeton with ^309,000 and Minnesota with I263,- 
000. Of the thirteen institutions which precede the Institute, all 
but Princeton have a considerably larger number of students. No 
one of these thirteen institutions has so large a proportion of teachers 
to undergraduate students, — ^more than one to seven, — ^while in the 
whole table of 103 colleges and universities this proportion is 
exceeded only by McGill, Johns Hopkins, Clark, Temple, and 
Haverford. If for the fourteen institutions we divide the total 
appropriation for salaries by the number of undergraduate students, 
Columbia University spends for salaries I280 per student; Prince- 
ton, I235; Stanford, I220; the Institute, I215; Harvard, I210, etc. 

The average salary of a professor at the Institute is not quite 
13,200: the average age of reaching that grade is thirty-eight. 
The average salaries for other faculty grades are: associate pro- 
fessor, |2,ioo; assistant professor, 11,650. The average salary 
of the full professor at the College of the City of New York 
is neariy 1^4,800; at Harvard, ^4,400; at Columbia, l4,3CX); at 
Stanford, |l4,ooo; at Chicago and Toronto, ^3,600; at Yale, 
Pennsylvania, and New York, ^3,500; at Haverford, ^3,400; at 
Rensselaer, California, and Northwestern, ^3,300; at Stevens and 
Johns Hopkins, ^3,200. Fifteen institutions announce maximum 
salaries of from ^500 upward, the Institute being classed with 
those for which the maximum is between ^3,500 and ^4,500. 

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76 The Technology Review 


In November a carefully compiled prospectus of a proposed 
joint club-house for alumni of Technology, Amherst, Brown, 
Dartmouth, Wesleyan, and Williams, was issued by the joint com- 
mittee of which Allston Sargent (Tech '98) is chairman. The plan, 
briefly, is to form a "College Clubs' Building Company" to take 
title to and operate a suitable building purchased with the ap- 
proval of the joint building committee. The company is to obtain 
^72,000 cash in hand to start operations, from subscriptions to ten- 
year bonds issued in denominations of if 100 and of $50, the alumni 
of each college to subscribe $12,000. The bonds are to be secured 
by mortgage on the property. Each club would have the use of the 
general rooms and conveniences and exclusive use of club-rooms 
by rental for ten years, guaranteeing to the company at least 
$4,000 per annum. The building would contain not less than 
sixty bedrooms, some for transients at $2 per day, and the others 
single bedrooms at $20 to $40 per month and double bedrooms 
$40 to $50. Dues of resident members would be $20; junior mem- 
bers graduating within four years, $12; and non-resident mem- 
bers, $10. Subscriptions to the bonds are now being received by 
the college committees, to be cancelled if no building is purchased 
before May i, 1909. The finances have been accurately estimated, 
and the plan affords a present opportunity to secure for the alumni 
of each college a modem club-house. This result depends only 
upon prompt subscriptions to bonds and the support of alumni 
through membership in their respective clubs. Success seems 

As a stimulus to track athletics, two cups have been offered, 
one by Dr. J. Arnold Rockwell ('96), for the quarter-mile event, 
and the other by John L. Batchelder, Jr. C90), for the mile run. 
These cups become the property of the winners, cups being offered 
each year by the donors. 

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Comparative Geographical Statistics 77 


Science for October 30 contains a tabulation of the students 
attending twenty universities and colleges, and two technological 
schools, with reference to their geographical antecedents. It is 
interesting to observe that for Massachusetts students Harvard 
stands first, the Institute second, Dartmouth third. For foreign 
students from other parts of North America, Harvard leads with 
60, followed by Columbia with 59, Pennsylvania with 58, Cornell 
with 37, Michigan with 31, the Institute with 28. Among South 
Americans the Institute with 10 is exceeded by Pennsylvania with 
37, Cornell with 32, Columbia and Ohio with 1 1 each. Of Euro- 
peans we have, like Yale, 17, Pennsylvania leads with 50, followed 
by Columbia with 48, Harvard with 28, and Cornell with 19. Asia 
is represented by 53 students at Columbia, 51 at Cornell, 42 at 
Yale, 40 at Harvard, 36 at California, 25 at Pennsylvania, 18 at 
Illinois, 17 at Ohio, 16 at Wisconsin, 15 at the Institute. From 
Africa there are 7 at the Insdtute, 4 at Harvard, 2 at Yale, i in 
each of four other insdtutions. Of the Australasians a great ma- 
jority — ^45 — attend the University of Pennsylvania : of the others, 
numbering only 20 in all, 3 are at the Institute. Our total number 
from foreign countries — 80 — is exceeded by Pennsylvania with 216, 
Columbia with 173, Cornell with 143, Harvard with 142, and Yale 
with 89. 

The recent growth of the great state universities seems not 
to have prevented a gradual increase of western students at the 
eastern colleges. It is interesting to note that the percentages of 
students from the home state are in particular cases as follows: — 

California 93 Columbia 62 

Illinois 83 Cornell 54 

Michigan 53 Harvard 52 

Missouri 83 Pennsylvania 67 

Ohio 91 M. I. T SS 

Wisconsin 81 

in which the general disparity between the eastern and the 
western insritutions is marked. H. w. T. 

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78 The Technology Review 


A New Technology — ^Dr. Noyes*8 Strong Plea for Greater 
Things — ^Dr. Madaurin's Visit 

Pbesidbmt's Annual Repobt. — ^At the stated meeting of the 
Corporation of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, held 
December 9, Dr. Arthur A. Noyes, the Acting President, made his 
annual report. Dr. Noyes's report is, in part, as follows: — 

"The large increase in the registration figures naturally raises 
the question whether a limitation should be placed upon the number 
of our students. My own opinion is that it should be the permanent 
policy of the Institute to receive and provide for all those capable 
and well-prepared students who desire to avail themselves of the 
opportunities it offers. It is not justifiable to raise the standard to 
the point of demanding extraordinary scholarly attainments, since 
other qualities than scholarship take an important part in deter- 
mining the success of a professional or scientific career. The Faculty 
and staff of instruction must therefore face resolutely the problem 
of teaching large classes effectively; administrative officers must 
see that the character and organization of the staff is such as is 
adapted to this end; and the Corporation and alumni must aim to 
secure the resources which will provide sufficient facilities in the 
way of class-rooms, laboratories, and equipment, and will make 
possible the payment of adequate salaries, such as will retain 
sufficient teachers. 

"This last factor — ^the financial resources of the institution — is, 
however, the crucial one. But until additional accommodations 
can be provided, and until increased funds for this purpose and for 
current expenses have been secured, it would be a serious mistake 
to permit the number of students to increase much beyond the 
present registration. 

"From the standpoint of our general system of instruction the 

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General Institute News 79 

two most important developments of the past year have been the 
much fuller provision made for advanced courses of study to the 
hi^er degrees of master of science, doctor of philosophy, and 
doctor of engineering, and the more definite organization of five- 
year undergraduate courses leading to the bachelor's degree. These 
latter are of three types. In one the student supplements the re- 
quired four-year courses with the equivalent of an extra year's 
study in academic and scientific lines. In a second provision is 
made for those students who wish to secure a training in two allied 
branches of study, such as electrical and mechanical engineering. 
The third provides for the distribution of the work of the last three 
years of the regular four-year course over a period of four years, 
affording an opportunity for the devotion of a greater amount of 
time to outside study or practice. 

"I must not fail to emphasize the seriously crowded condition of 
our present quarters, even though it is a rime-wom topic of college 

"The situation is one that requires radical treatment, for con- 
ditions throughout the whole Institute are cramped for lack of 
proper room in which to develop. 

"It should be realized that we are now facing the logical results 
of a changing plan of development, which has made it imperative 
that the whole Institute be rebuilt upon a permanent basis, and 
upon a new site, better adapted to its needs. 

"Though no definite action in this direction has been taken by 
the body of the G)rporation or by the committee on the site which 
you have appointed, yet I believe that during the past year, through 
informal discussion and individual consideration of the matter, 
there has grown up not only among your own members, but among 
the other groups connected with the Institute, — ^the Faculty, alumni, 
and student body, — a sentiment so strong that it will be satisfied 
with nothing less than the creation of a new Institute on a new 

"Although the ph}rsical condition of the Institute is, as I have 
indicated, one that makes impossible further growth or a develop- 
ment of its work in new directions, and one that does in some 

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8o The Technology Review 

measure impair the efficiency of our present instruction, I should be 
sorry to give you the impression that the latter effect is of a very 
serious character. Equipment for lecture and laboratory work is 
another physical factor of at least equal significance, and on this 
side the Institute, taken as a w^hole, is extraordinarily well provided 

"Through the opening of the new Technology Union in the build- 
ing erected on Trinity Place during the past summer, a most impor- 
tant step has been taken in the development of the social life of our 
students. The new Union was made possible mainly through the 
interest and efforts of the Committee on the Welfare of Students 
appointed by the Corporation last March, and through the generous 
donations of individual members of this body, which provided for 
a large part of the expense involved. 

"The control of the Union has been placed in charge of a com- 
mittee of nine members, of whom a majority are undergraduate 
students elected by the Institute Committee. There have also been 
elected by the students three sub-committees to take charge of dif- 
ferent sides of the Union's activities. 

"The admirable spirit of our students, manifested not only in 
connection with this Union, but in many other ways, is, I believe, 
one which can be matched at few, if any other colleges. 

"The relations of the Institute to the secondary schools deserve 
constant attention. Owing to the fact that by far the larger number 
of teachers in the high schools have received an academic rather 
than a scientific training, owing to the undue development in this 
section of the country of the sentiment that a more effective educa- 
tion is secured under the collegiate plan than under that followed 
by even the best scientific schools, and owing to the failure to appre- 
ciate that the social and physical sides of student life are developed 
at the Institute upon a sounder basis and in better-proportioned 
. measure than at most of the colleges, the advantages of our system 
.of education and the opportunities afforded by the scientific pro- 
fessions in general are not sufficiently understood by boys in the 
preparatory schools nor by their teachers and parents. There is, 
therefore, a need in \his community of better informing the public 

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General Institute News 8 1 

in regard to this matter, not so much because the interests of the 
Institute are involved as because it is important that both types 
of educational effort be duly appreciated. 

"There are also important relations to be maintained with the 
general public. The public should be kept informed, through the 
press and otherwise, of the activities of the Institute; and all those 
industrial, commercial, and transportation interests should be made 
to feel that the Institute stands ready to place at their service its 
staff and its laboratory facilities. 

"With the state the Institute naturally stands in intimate rela- 
tions. Without sacrificing its national scope or its own indepen- 
dence, it should constantly strive to serve the state in every possible 
way, — in the development of its natural resources, the improvement 
of its industrial processes and its transportation facilities, and espe- 
cially in the solution of its educational problems. In closing this 
report, I would emphasize, as the watchwords of our future progress, 
the ideas of co-operation and closer relationships. If there be also 
shown an implicit confidence in the soundness of our educational 
system and in its support by the community, its proper growth and 
development will be assured." 

HoNORABT Degrees. — ^The degree of Doctor of Laws has been 
conferred upon Professor Robert H. Richards by the University of 
Missouri in recognition of the distinguished services rendered by 
him in promoting the science and practice of mining engineering. 
A similar honor was conferred upon Professor George F. Swain a 
little more than a year ago by the University of New York, in recog- 
nition of his expert knowledge and high accomplishment in the field 
of civil engineering. 

Changes in the FACuiyrr. — Eight instructors, whose successful 
work has won recognition, have been promoted to assistant profes- 
sorships. These newly appointed members are : Charles W. Berry, 
Assistant Professor of Mechanical Drawing; Arthur A. Blanchard, 
Assistant Professor of Inorganic Chemistry; Harry C. Bradley, 
Assistant Professor of Drawing and Descriptive Geometry; Harri- 
son W. Hayward, Assistant Professor of Applied Mechanics; Ervin 

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82 The Technology Review 

Kenlson, Assistant Professor of Drawing and Descriptive Geometry; 
Joseph C. Riley, Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering; 
Hervey W. Shimer, Assistant Professor of Palaeontology; and 
Alpheus G. Woodman, Assistant Professor of Food Analysis. Dr. 
Gilbert N. Lewis, who during the past year has acted as Director 
of the Research Laboratory of Physical Chemistry, has been ad- 
vanced to the grade of Associate Professor of Physico-chemical 

Election of President Maclaubin. — ^At a meeting of the 
Executive Committee of the Corporation of the Institute of Tech- 
nology, held November ii, Professor Richard Cockbum Maclaurin, 
professor of mathematical physics at Columbia University, was 
elected President, and on November 23, at a meeting of the 
Corporation, this election was formally confirmed. 

The Dean's Visit to the Pacific Coast. — Dean Burton was 
one of the invited guests at a convocation at Whitman College, 
Walla Walla, Wash., to found a high-grade technical school in 
connection with the college. The Dean was received with great 
enthusiasm by the former students of the Institute, who met him 
there. In Portland he was banquetted at the Commercial Club 
by twelve former Institute men who at that time formed the Tech- 
nology Club of Oregon. At Seattle he was greeted by a dozen 
more Tech men, who formed the Technology Club of Puget Sound 
at the dinner given to Professor Burton. The whole spirit of the 
men in the West is one of enthusiasm and optimism for the Institute. 
Plans have alread)^ been made to send a delegation from both of 
these clubs to the Second Technology Reunion next June. 

President-elect Maclaurin visits Boston. — Professor Mac- 
laurin addressed a convocation of students in Huntington Hall 
on December 15, at four o'clock. Every square inch of the hall 
was occupied, and the President-elect was greeted with the heartiest 

In the evening Dr. Maclaurin was entertained at dinner by the 
Corporation and Faculty at the new Tech Union. In a pleasant 

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General Institute News 83 

informal address Dr. Maclaurin dwelt particularly on the status 
of the Faculty in such an institution and on the necessity of 
making membership in it attractive by responsibility and oppor- 
tunity rather than by any merely financial rewards. He referred 
with high appreciation to the ideals and to the difficulties over- 
come by President Rogers and his associates, and paid a cordial 
tribute to the work of Dr. Noyes as Acting President. 

Addresses were also made by President Noyes, Mr. Wig^es- 
worth for the Corporation, Dean Burton for the Faculty, and 
Mr. W. B. Snow for the Alumni Association. 


To those who are close observers of the Institute, who know its 
work, its spirit, and the character and loyalty of the Faculty, not 
less devoted because of an increasing proportion of younger blood, 
the outlook for the future is more than encouraging. They can 
see coming out of the recent discussion of the Institute's status 
and affairs a definite tendency toward unity of effort from a quarter 
where its support has not been counted on, — the alumni, — ^and no 
uncertain indication from the Corporation that this co-operation is 
most welcome. 

The older alumni are beginning to realize that the Institute is 
not the same as it was when they were students, but that it is as 
surely in the lead to-day, when educational competition is most 
acute, as it was years ago. All this has developed a sense of personal 
responsibility that is bringing forth fruit, meet for repentance. We 
do not refer especially to the Technology Fund: that is an incident, — 
a creditable incident. The real benefit is coming from the work 
and suggestions of individuals, taken up by an Alumni Assodarion, 
now eflFectively organized and forming a harmonious trinity with 
the Faculty and Corporation. We have been passing through a 
most tiying period of stress, only to find ourselves stronger and 
better and united in one common purpose, — ^the glory of the Insti- 
tute of Technology. — ^M. I. T. Alumni Bulletin, May, 1907. 

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84 The Technology Review 


Eben S. Draper ('78) was elected Governor of the Common- 
wealth of Massachusetts by a large majority. Eben Sumner Draper 
was bom in the town of'Milford, Worcester County, Mass., June 
17, 1858, son of George and Hannah (Thwing) Draper, grand- 
son of Ira and Abigail (Richards) Draper, great-grandson of 
Major Abijah Draper, of Dedham, who fought in the American 
Army during the Revolutionary War, and a descendant of James 
and Miriam (Stansfield) Draper, who came from Yorkshire, Eng- 
land, to Roxbury, Massachusetts Bay, in 1647. The Drapers were 
manufacturers and inventors of weaving and spinning machinery 
both in England and New England. Governor-elect Draper at- 
tended the public schools in his native town, and later spent some 
time at the Allen School, West Newton. He then completed 
a course in the department of engineering at the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology, after which he began work in the Hope- 
dale machine shops, where he was trained in the various details 
of the business. Later he entered several cotton mills in Lowell, 
Manchester and other cities in New England. The knowledge 
thus acquired through three years of practical work was prelimi- 
nary to his becoming selling agent for the various Hopedale con- 
cerns in introducing mill machinery. On attaining his majority, 
he became a member of the firm of George Draper & Sons, and 
on the organization of the Draper Company, in 1896, he was elected 
selling agent. Mr. Draper is a member of the Corporation of the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a member of the Board 
of Managers of the Milford Hospital, which Mrs. Draper and he 
presented to the town of Milford. He is a member of the Board 
of Trustees of the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, and vice-president 
of the American Unitarian Association. With his brother, Mr. 
George A. Draper, he built a very fine stone Unitarian church in 
Hopedale as a memorial to their father and mother. Mr. Draper 

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Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

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Digitized by 


Tech Men in the Public Eye 85 

was a member of the Massachusetts militia for three years, and 
on the outbreak of the Spanish War he was made president of the 
Massachusetts Volunteer Aid Association by Governor Wolcott. 
This association purchased and equipped the hospital ship "Bay 
State" at an expense of |200,ooo, also raising ^200,000 more for 
the care of the Massachusetts soldiers and sailors. He was also 
chairman of the Massachusetts Association for the Relief of 
California. In 1905 the Republican State Convention unani- 
mously nominated him for lieutenant-governor of the Commonwealth,, 
and he was elected and inaugurated January, 1906. Since that 
time he has been re-elected as lieutenant-governor, serving in that 
capacity for three years. Up to 1905 he had never held a political 
office. He had served his party as a member of the Milford and 
Hopedale Republican Town Committees. He was also chairman 
of his Senatorial District Committee, and a member of the Con- 
gressional District Committee. He was also chairman of the 
Republican State Committee in 1892, but declined a unanimous 
re-election in 1893, although he served as a member of the committee 
the three following years. He served as president of the Repub- 
lican Club of Massachusetts for two years, and has been a member 
of the club since its organization. In 1896 he went as a delegate 
from Massachusetts to the Republican National Convention at 
St. Louis, and was made chairman of the Massachusetts delega- 
tion. He canvassed all the delegates to that convention on the 
question of making the platform for "gold," and he secured,, 
through fifty sub-committees working under his direction, a report 
showing the standing of every delegation in the convention on that 
measure. In 1900 he was Republican elector for the Eleventh 
Congressional District of Massachusetts. He was chairman of the 
Massachusetts delegation to the Nashville Exposition in 1897. Mr. 
Draper is interested in numerous cotton manufacturing and other 
industries throughout the country. He is a member of the Society 
of Colonial Wars, Union Club, Exchange Club, Country Club, 
Somerset Club, Algonquin Club, Technology Club. Previous to 
his nomination for governor, he was a director in the Boston & 
Albany Railroad, New England Cotton Yam Company, National 

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86 The Technology Review 

Shawmut Bank and Old Colony Trust Company. He married, 
Nov. 21, 1883, Nannie Bristow, daughter of the late General Ben- 
jamin Helm Bristow, of New York, who was Secretary of the Treas- 
ury under Grant and candidate for the presidency in 1876. They 
have three children: Benjamin Helm Bristow, bom Feb. 28, 1885; 
Dorothy, bom Nov. 22, 1890; and Eben S., Jr., bom Aug. 30, 

John R. Freeman ('76) and Mr. F. P. Steams, of Boston, 
have been retained as consulting engineers to the Baltimore Water 
Board in connection with the works to be constmcted under a five- 
million-dollar loan recendy authorized. 

Cecil H. Peabody (^yy) was re-elected a member of the Council 
of the Society of Shipbuilding and Naval Architecture at the 
November meeting in New York. 

Arthur A. Noyes ('86) at a recent meeting of the National 
Academy of Sciences at Baltimore, was made a member of the 
committee appointed by act of Congress to "take into consideration 
the methods and expenses of conducting all surveys of a scientific 
character, and all chemical testing and experimental laboratories, 
and to report to Congress a plan for consolidating the chemical 
testing and experimental laboratories, so as to effectively prevent 
duplication of work and reduce expenditure without detriment to 
the public service." 

James P. Munroe ('82) has been made chairman of the Massa- 
chusetts Commission for the Blind, and Walter B. Snow ('82) has 
been appointed a member of the commission by Governor Guild. 

C. Howard Walker ('01) was recendy made president of the 
Metropolitan Improvement League of Boston. 

A. Lawrence Rotch ('84), at the Dublin meeting of the British 
Association for the Advancement of Science, September 2-9, dis- 
cussed before the Physical Section the warm stratum in the upper 
air. At the jubilee meeting of the German Meteorological Society, 
which was held at Hamburg September 28-30, Professor Rotch 
read a paper entided "Die warme Schicht der Atmosphare oberhalb 
13 Km. in Amerika." 

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Tech Men in the Public Eye 87 

Edward Robinson ('90) has been delegated by the University 
of Vermont, where he is professor of mechanical engineering, to 
spend a year visiting universities in this country and abroad, to note 
what they are doing along mechanical and engineering lines. 

C. J. H. Woodbury ('73) was given the degree of Doctor of 
Science at the last commencement of Dartmouth College. Dr. 
Woodbury received the same degree in 1906 from Union College, 
New York. 

B. R. RiCKARDS C99), who has been director of the bacteri- 
ological laboratory of the Boston Health Department, has been 
secured by the Ohio State Board of Health as director of the bac- 
teriological laboratory, and also to take charge of the laboratory 
devoted to the chemical analysis of water and sewage. Dr. Rickards 
will be located at Columbus, Ohio. 

William C. Clarke, Jr. ('00), has recently been elected general 
manager of the Sea View Railway Company of Providence, R.I. 

Matthew C. Brush ('01), general manager of the Newton 
(Mass.) Street Railway system, is president of the New England 
Street Railway Club. 

E. H. Davis ('00) has been appointed registrar of Purdue 
University. Mr. Davis was graduated from the Institute of Tech- 
nology, and was afterwards a student of political science in Colum- 
bia University. He joined the Purdue faculty in 1902 as instructor 
in political economy. 

John I. Solomon ('93) has made a notable invention which will 
probably result in the preservation of the pearl oyster fisheries, 
now becoming rapidly extinct, owing to the ruthless destruction of 
the pearl oyster under modem methods of compressed-air diving. 
At present 90 per cent, of the pearl oysters gathered and killed are 
found to contain no pearls, and of the remainder only a few have 
pearls of market value. Solomon has invented a process by which 
diese oysters, while still alive, are examined by means of the X-ray. 
Those containing no pearls are thrown back into the sea in the hope 
that they may either become inoculated with the pearl-inducing 
cestode or that at least they will propagate their kind and maintain 

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88 The Technology Review 

the number of oysters growing on the banks. Of the small number 
of oysters containing pearls, those only are killed which contain 
the larger pearls, the others being put into special beds and care- 
fully guarded and watched until their pearls have grown to mar- 
ketable size. This invention not only promises to yield handsome 
profits to its promoters, but its importance is attested by the fact 
that a paper by Solomon describing it, presented at the International 
Fishery Congress in Washington, D.C., last September, was awarded 
the international prize offered by the New York Academy of Sciences 
"for the contribution, not entered in competition for any other 
award, which shall be judged to have the greatest practical value 
to the fisheries or fish culture." A fuller account of Solomon's 
remarkable work is to be found in the '93 class news in this number. 
Arthur Farwell ('93) is becoming widely known throughout 
this country and in Europe as an ardent advocate of a distinctive 
American music. Graduating from the Institute as an electrical 
engineer, he did not follow his profession, but immediately went 
abroad and spent a number of years in musical study under some 
of the foremost teachers in Europe. Returning to this country, 
he carried on for a considerable time some remarkable musical 
researches among the Indians of the west and south-west and in 
Central America. No one has ever made such a thorough study 
of Indian music, and Farwell has succeeded in preserving Indian 
melodies and songs which soon would have been lost to the world 
by the extinction of the tribes. Many of these melodies and songs 
have been harmonized by him and incorporated in his own com- 
positions, which have already given him high rank as an American 
composer. In his zeal for the development of a distinctive Ameri- 
can music, Farwell has established at Newton Centre, Mass., the 
Wa-Wan press for the publication of such compositions by Ameri- 
can composers as have intrinsic merit and originality. Farwell 
has organized The American Music Society, with centres in a dozen 
American cities, whose object is the study and preference of works 
by American composers and American folk-music. Farwell him- 
self is president of the national organization and of the Boston 
centre, while David Bispham is president of that in New York. 

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Tech Men in the Public Eye 89 

At present Farwell devotes his whole time to composing, teaching, 
lecturing and writing for the musical press, and he has given up, 
for a time at least, his visits to the Indians. 

W. Z. Ripley ('90). The annual Huxley lecture before the 
Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain was delivered 
in London, November 25, by Professor W. Z. Ripley, on the sub- 
ject "European Races in the United States." The Huxley medal 
was conferred on Dr. Ripley on this occasion in recognition of his 
book on the Races of Europe and of his general researches in the 
demography of Europe and the United States. The popular por- 
tions of the address have appeared in the Atlantic Monthly for 

Henry M. Howe ('71), with Professor William Campbell, of the 
department of metallurgy of the Schools of Mines, Engineering, 
and Chemistry of Columbia University, has been appointed by 
the American Society for Testing Materials as their representa- 
tive on the international committee dealing with the problem of 
uniform nomenclature of iron and steel. Professor Howe is chair- 
man of this committee. 

Mr. S. K. Humphrey ('90) has sdmulated discussion of an 
important question by his article in the Atlantic Monthly for Novem- 
ber on "Automobile Selfishness," dealing with certain fundamental 
aspects of the present use of public highways in a sane and definitely 
practical manner. The publication of Mr. Humphrey's paper 
has been followed by a discussion at the Twentieth Century Club, 
on December 19, by Major Henry L. Higginson, Mr. Robert 
Romans, and Mr. Humphrey, on the inadequacy of the present 
restrictions of the automobile. 

Herbert T. Kalmus C04), of the Physics Department of the 
Institute, has effected a remarkable cure of a lupus patient by 
experimenting with the chemical effects of ultra violet light. An 
inducdon coil capable of giving a 30-inch spark was used, so 
arranged that the spark was reduced to half an inch, so that little 
heat, but a very large amount of light, was produced. Dr. Kalmus 
is making further experiments in collaboration with Boston physi- 

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90 The Technology Review 

dans who have become interested in the remarkable results of the 

Louis A. Ferguson ('86), vice-president of the Commonwealth 
Edison Company of Chicago, is president of the American Institute 
of Electrical Engineers. This is the highest honor that the pro- 
fession can confer. Mr. Ferguson is generally recognized as one 
of the ablest and most distinguished central station engineers of 
this country. He was president of the National Electric Light 
Association several years ago. 

George F. Swain (!77)y John R. Freeman ('76), and Charles 
T. Main C76), have been appointed by the American Society of 
Mechanical Engineers to assist the National Conservation Com- 
mission in valuing water powers. This appointment was in re- 
sponse to a request from the Commission, asking the Society 
of Mechanical Engineers to appoint on the committee the three 
ablest men in the profession. 

Cass Gilbert (*8o) was made president of the American Insti- 
tute of Architects at the annual meeting in Washington, December 
17. Of the six Fellows of the Institute chosen at the meeting, 
four were students in the architectural department at Technology. 
These are F. C. Baldwin ('90), Myron H. Hunt ('93), G. Harleston 
Parker C95), and J. H. Perkins ('89). Mr. Gilbert was a member 
of the National Jury of Fine Arts at the World's Fair in Chicago, 
and the National Jury for Architecture at the Paris Exposition in 
1900. He has designed many public buildings, some of the best 
known of his undertakings being the Union Club Building in New 
York; the new State Capitol at St. Paul; the Art Building and 
Festival Hall at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, and the Essex 
County Court House at Newark, N.J. Mr. Gilbert is a native 
of Ohio, and was a special student at the Institute with the class 
of '80. 

Harry W. Tyler ('84) is president of The American Federation 
of Teachers of the Mathematical and Natural Sciences. 

G. A. Mower ('81) presided at the recent Thanksgiving dinner 
in London, at which Ambassador Reid was the principal speaker. 

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Tech Men in the Public Eye 91 

Charles A. Stone ('88), Edwin S. Webster ('88), Russell 
RoBB C88), and Henry G. Bradlee ('91) are members of the 
firm of Stone & Webster, of Boston, who have been retained as 
street railway experts to assist the joint reorganization committee 
of the Metropolitan Street Railway to devise ways and means of 
reorganizing and rehabilitating the surface lines of New York City. 
The Metropolitan Street Railway rehabilitation is the fourth or 
fifth large piece of work which Stone & Webster have taken in 
hand during the last two or three years outside the management 
of their own twenty-five odd street railway and electric light cor- 
porations. The first large piece of work was the building of three 
new power stations for the Boston Elevated. A few months ago 
Stone & Webster were awarded a large contract for the reconstruc- 
tion and enlargement of the United Missouri River Power Company 
power plant in Montana. This contract involved fully ^^3,000,000. 
More recently the firm has made an expert examination of several 
of the Gay properties, including the various Hudson River Power 
Companies, and there is some possibility that these engineers may 
take over the practical work of reorganizing and managing the 
Hudson Power Companies, an ;p 11,000,000 power development, 
and one of the most important in the east. One of the leading 
electrical authorities of New England says: "Stone & Webster 
have won a national reputation in the electrical field by able man- 
agement of their own properties and by marked ability in handling 
the few large pieces of outside work which they have undertaken. 
I believe their engineering department will receive a vast amount 
of expert work during the next few years, and that its development 
will be a source of pride to New England and incidentally open 
up new and large channels for the investment of New England cap- 
ital." Associated with the organization of Stone & Webster are 
D. P. Robinson ('92), Charles F. Wallace ('92), W. H. Blood, Jr. 
C88), F. O. Stetson ('88), B. R. T. Collins ('88), H. H. Hunt ('89), 
and a score or more of younger Technology men* 

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92 The Technology Review 


Arthur Ward Hunking C72). — News has been received o 
the death in Helena, Mont., of Arthur Ward Hunking, of Lowell, 
well known as an hydraulic engineer. He died suddenly from 
apoplexy. Mr. Hunking, who was in his fifty-eighth year, was 
bom in Haverhill, and was a special student at the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology with the class of '72. For many years 
he was engineer in charge of the locks and canals controlling the 
water power on the Merrimac River at Lowell. Of late years 
he has been consulting engineer for Stone & Webster. He was 
connected with a number of leading engineering societies. 

William Martin Aiken ('79), who was consulting architect for 
New York city during Mayor Low's administration, died in New 
York, December 7. 

Mr. Aiken was bom in Charleston, S.C., in 1855. He was edu- 
cated at the University of the South, and then took special courses 
in architecture at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He 
began his practical work in the office of H. H. Richardson, of Bos- 
ton, and then went to Cincinnati, where he taught in the Art Acad- 
emy and practised his profession. 

In 1894 Secretary Carlisle made him supervising architect of the 
Treasury Department. While in the Federal service, Mr. Aiken 
designed the government buildings for the expositions at Atlanta, 
Nashville, and Omaha. He was also the architect of the new mint 
buildings at Philadelphia and Denver, and of several post-offices 
and custom-houses. 

Mr. Aiken was a fellow of the American Institute of Architects, 
and a member of the Century Association, the Architectural League, 
and the Southem and Ohio societies. He was collaborator with 
Russell Sturgis in compiling the Dictionary of Architecture. 

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Obituary 93 

Richard H. Soule ('72), of Brookline, died at his residence 
1 57 1 Beacon Street, December 14, at the age of fifty-nine, after 
a month's illness. Until his retirement from active business four 
years ago, he had been for many years prominent in New York and 
elsewhere as a consulting mechanical engineer. He devoted his 
life to railroad engineering in various parts of the country. He 
was bom in Boston on March 4, 1849, was graduated from Har- 
vard College in the class of 1870 and from the Institute of Tech- 
nology in 1872. He has been for two years a member of the Cor- 
poration of the Institute. He leaves a widow and two sons, Winsor 
Soule and Augustus W. Soule, both of Brookline. 


EorroRs "Technology Review": 

Gentlemen, — ^The circular just issued by the Alumni Association con- 
tains a biographical sketch of the President-elect, Dr. Richard C. Mac- 
burin, which, I am informed, was reprinted from the circular sent to mem- 
bers of the Corporation. In it Professor Maclaurin is said to be at the 
head of the Physics Department of Columbia University, — a statement 
which was corrected by a member of the Corporation at its meeting in 

Reference to the Bulletin of Columbia University for the present year 
shows that Dr. William Hallock is head of the Department of Physics, 
and a recent conversation with Professor Hallock confirms this fact. A 
copy of the alumni circular lay on his desk, and, although, he was not dis- 
posed to attach importance to the matter, justice to both him and to Dr. 
Maclaurin requires at least a conspicuous correction of the misstatement. 

It may be added that our new President is spoken of by his Columbia 

colleagues with admiration and affection, but it is felt that their loss will be 

our gain. Very truly yours, 

A. Lawrence Rotch, '84. 
Decucbbr II, 1908. 

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94 The Technology Review 


The following editorials from three different points of view are 
indicative of the expressions about the appointment of Dr. Mac- 
laurin, from all over the country : — 

The Institute of Technolocy has now solved 

THB PRBSmBNCY , , ^ j i- j j-ic i • 

a problem of some delicacy and difficulty m 

OF THE MASSACHUSETTS , . - i i i r i • • • U 

selecting for the head of that mstitution Pro- 


lessor Richard Maclaurm, at present at the 
head of the Mathematical Physics Department of Columbia University, and 
he has accepted the honor and the responsibility. The Institute has been 
under capable direction during the nearly two years that have elapsed 
since the resignation of President Pritchett. Acting President Noyes has 
maintained its high standards and manifested a degree of executive skill 
that probably would have given him the full title and lodged the full author- 
ity of the position in his hands, had he been disposed to accept them. But 
his chosen field of chemical research has possessed more attractions for him. 
In it he has opportunity to blaze new trails in scientific advance^ and he is 
to be commended for his clear and loyal following of his own light and 
leading in this matter. 

The new President evidently understands in its general features the nature 
of the work to which he has been called, and his record in educational ser- 
vice indicates that he is one who readily becomes master of detail. The 
experience will be not less new to him than to the institution, which now, 
for the first time, will be under the direction of a man bora in another 
country and trained in foreign schools and universities. That is not neces- 
sarily an objection. It may prove a positive gain. Professor Maclaurin 
is a comparatively young man. His attainments are more than excellent: 
they are extraordinary, and few men of his years have won more flattering 
recognition from sources that bear the stamp of authority. 

Of course, mere scholarship, even of the highest order, is not enough to 
meet all the requirements of this new responsibility. His executive ability 
and his adaptability can be proved only by actual service. But Scotch 
scholars are thorou^. Their standards are high, and shrewdness and per- 

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What the Editors Say 95 

sonal tact are among their national characteristics. When Princeton 
called Dr. McCosh to the presidency, he was a man well along in years, 
but a famous metaphysician, and he filled the place with disdncdon. The 
Institute does not need metaphysicians, and the new President has not 
turned his researches in that direcdon. He has made great advances in 
modem science; he is learned in the principles of law, and b undoubtedly 
an enthusiast with respect to the various lines of research with which he 
has been so conspicuously idenrified. The Insdtute authoriries, the alumni, 
and the public have a well-grounded hope that under his administra- 
tion a new era of prosperous service will open up for this famous school. 
— The Boston Transerift, 

With the choice of Professor Richard C. Maclaurin, 

A NBW EDUCATIONAL ttt^. -n-j i-*>r i. t- 

LL.D., as Its President, the Massachusetts Insti- 

LEADER /• T^ 1 ■ 1 • 

tute of Technology enters upon a new and impor- 
tant stage in its history. The recent discussions concerning the proposed 
association with Harvard have brought the alumni, Corporation, and Faculty 
into more profitable relation than ever; but there are problems involved 
in the matter of a suitable site for the Institute, ways and means for adequate 
endowment, and for the increased expense of improved methods of instruc- 
tion, and the development of the social life of the student body, which 
await solution by the new President. During the nearly three years in which 
the presidency has been vacant and the Institute has been under the admin- 
iatrarion of Acting President Noyes, the work of instruction has gone on 
steadily, and the extraordinarily high reputation of this eflBcient technical 
■diool has been finely maintained. To this institution comes a man of 
exceptional ability and achievement. At the age of thirty-eight he w at 
the head of the Department of Physics of Columbia University. He is 
a native of Edinbui^, Scodand, but his early boyhood was spent in New 
Zealand, and his preliminary educadon was completed in English schools. 
His record at Cambridge University is unusual, for he gained two of the 
most-coveted prizes of the University in two different and disdnct branches 
of learning, — mathemadcs and law. Ten years ago he was appointed 
Ph>fessor of Mathematics in Wellington, New Zealand, and became a 
trustee of the University of New Zealand. Five years later he was made 
Dean of the Faculty of Law. While in New Zealand, he was acdvely 
engaged in the organizadon of technological educadon there. A year ago 
he was called to the chair of Mathemadcal Physics at Columbia, and this 
year was made the head of the Physics Department. He is a believer in 

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96 The Technology Review 

the union of technical education with education for culture. He has received 
the degrees of both Doctor of Science and Doctor of Laws from Cambridge 
University. His election is full of promise to the Massachusetts Institute, 
and to the cause of education in this country. — The Outlook, 

The chief thing to be emphasized in modem culture, pos- 


sibly, is the importance of substituting the scientific spirit of 
exactness for the amateur spirit of superficiality, and the 
chief problem of the modem university is to shape men who cherish the 
Baconian ideal of a many-sided leaming. The new president of the Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology is a man who typifies this ideal in a manner 
almost unique. It is unusual in this country for one man to win eminence 
in such widely dissociated fields of scholarship as those of law, mathemadcs, 
and natural science. Mr. Maclaurin unites with this versatility a versa- 
tility which one would like to call American, if that did not seem unduly 
opdmisric regarding the land of one's birth, the ripe and noble scholariy 
traditions of the English University of Cam'bridge. Harvard will look in 
vain for a president of the same mould, though it will find plenty whose 
achievement, within a more restricted sphere, has been equal, if not greater. 
In its zeal to find and develop an administrator of the first rank, let Har- 
vard not overlook the influence its president must have on the popular ideal 
of culture, and the desirability of investing with this influence a man of the 
proper intellectual habits and ideals. — Brookline (Mass.) Chronicle, 

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Miscellaneous Clippings 97 


[From the Boston Posfs account of the torchlight parade.] 

The Tech students were the liveliest of the paraders, and displayed the 
most transparencies. They wore red and gray gowns and mortar caps and 
took advantage of every opportunity to make themselves heard. 

[The enterprise of The Tech in getting out a torchlight parade extra is 
commented on by the Boston Journal.^ 

That the Technology students possess the most enterprising student 
newspaper in New England was demonstrated last night, when The Tech 
got out an extra containing a special despatch from Judge Taft, and had the 
paper on the street among the college men before the parade broke up. 
The Harvard Crimson and The Tech have long been rivals in the matter 
of getting out extras, and up to last night the Crimson held the record for 
speed. The Tech published the following telegram: — 

Batavia Depot, N. Y., Oct. 30, 1908. 

Editor-in-Chief of The Techy Massachusetts Institute of Technology: 

Hope you will express to the college Republican paraders my apprecia- 
tion of their efforts toward the victory which will be ours next Tuesday. 

(Signed) William H. Taft. 

The Tech also contained a special interview with Lieutenant Governor 

[Editorial in the Boston Advertiser referring to the adoption of the 
"point system" limiting office-holding. The action was taken by the 
students' council, the Institute Committee, on its own initiative.] 

The action by the Institute of Technology Committee in limiting the 
number of non-scholastic offices which any one student may undertake is 
wise and timely. It is a proper emphasis, rightly placed, upon the purposes 
of so serious-minded an educational institution as Technology is. It 
squarely meets the growing evil of too general activity by undergraduates 
in matters not direaly connected with the serious and important work of 
the Insritute. There is a place in schools and colleges for matters other 

Digitized by 


98 The Technology Review 

than "book learning." Technology, however, has emphasized the strictly 
educational ends rather more strongly than other institutions of learning, 
and thus it is fitting that this protest should come there. The general prin- 
ciple emphasized, however, that extra-scholastic activity, social pursuits, 
should be eflPectively subservient to the designated purposes of college or 
technical education, is eminently sound and may be profitably pondered 
by other institutions. When a young man essays outside activities which 
are so requiring as to shift the proper balance between these and his studies, 
some restriction plainly is desirable. The Technology position is wise as 
applied to its own case. It ofi*er8 a profitable hint to other institutions. 

[Editorial in The Tech of September 30.] 

The New Union illustrates the new Tech spirit which recognizes student 
acrivides not as necessary evils, but as encouraging signs of energy and 
initiative among the students, and things of educational value. It shows 
that the Corporation and Alumni are closely in touch and in genuine sym- 
pathy with the undergraduates. Technology and Technology men are not 
notoriouly rich, and gifts here mean a sacrifice and merit a higher order 
of gratitude than those at a richer institution. That the Corporation and 
friends of the Institute should feel so much interest in the welfare of Tech- 
nology undergraduates that, even when there is still some talk of changing 
the site of the Institute, they should invest a considerable sum of money in 
a New Union and then turn it over without restrictions to the students for 
them to manage for their own use, will make every undergraduate consider 
thoughtfully his obligations and responsibility in connection with such a 
splendid gift. In fact, this has already been noticeable. The excellent 
work of the present board of control looks well for the future practicability 
of student management, and the enthusiastic spirit shown on every side 
cannot help but make the Union a thorough success. In this way, by 
supporting the Union loyally, by managing it capably, and by doing work 
in student activities that will further advance their reputation with the 
Faculty and Corporation, the present undergraduates can express a prac- 
tical appreciation and gratitude for the New Union much finer and more 
lasting than mere words of thanks. 

[Editorial in The Tech on the "point system."] 

The Institute Committee in its first definite action has struck frankly at 
one of the basic faults of Technology undergraduate life. Every year has 

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Miscellaneous Clippings 99 

shown more clearly than the last that a few men in the Institute affairs 
were doing more than their share. This has resulted in injury to themselves 
and to the work. The injury to themselves came through overtaxed nerves 
and failure in scholarship. The injury to the student activities was done 
by the slighting attention of distracted oflBcers and also from the small 
number of men vitally interested in activities. When thirty men hold 
seventy offices^ interest in the affairs is not so broad as when seventy men 
hold the seventy oflBces. The action of the Institute Committee has reme- 
died these evils by making it impossible for a man to hold more than one 
major office. 

That this innovation will be successful cannot be questioned. Of course, 
details may be faulty, and can be revised after the scheme has been tested 
in practice. Also, time should be allowed for conditions to adjust them- 
selves to the new regime. It would be a mistake to force a new set of rules 
upon student affairs when there is any risk of injuring them by so doing. 
Stfll, as a whole, the underlying principle of one man for one office is so 
necessary for successful student activities, in a college where active under- 
graduates are few, that it was bound to come sooner or later. It will open 
up opportunities to men whom the New Union will undoubtedly attract 
into student affairs, and cannot be opposed without laying its opponents 
open to a suspicion of undue desire for office holding. 

[Editorial in The Tech on the abandonment of the fight between sopho- 
mores and freshmen on the night before Field Day.] 

That Technology is able to keep up with the times and discard wora-our 
customs is shown by the action of the sophomore class in abolishing the tra- 
ditional "night before." It is in line with the tendency in all the colleges 
nowadays to abolish the rushes and hazing. Harvard was obliged to give 
up "Bloody Monday" because outsiders came in and made it so rough 
as to cause many serious injuries. It is probable that the death of Grant 
in a rush at Worcester Polytechnic recently will be a serious blow to the 
custom of that institution. 

The historic "cane rush," which was a regular event each fall at the In- 
stitute for so many years, was abolished when Moore, 1904, died from 
injuries sustained in a rush with 1903. At that time the custom originated 
of contesting to see whose flag should wave over the field on Field Day. 
While this was all right for a while, it became impossible to keep out the 
muckers, and a large force of police was necessary to prevent their inter- 
ference from having serious results. 

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lOO The Technology Review 

Last year, although the sophomores put up their flag, there was practi- 
cally no scrimmage, as few freshmen came out, and the event was a farce. 
The general feeling at the time was that the "night before" was a thing of 
the past. The class of 1910 established a precedent in leaving the fresh- 
men unmolested at their class dinner, which has been followed this year, 
and will probably be hereafter. The aaion of the class of 191 1 yesterday 
now establishes the idea, which has been growing universal, that the natural 
feeling between the two under classes can be settled in an orderly way in 
the regular contests on Field Day without any "roughhouse" and accom- 
panying evils. 

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Book Reviews loi 


Typhoid Fever: Its Causation, Transmission, and Prevention. By 
G. C. Whipple ( '89), with an Introductory Essay by William T. Sedg- 
wick. New York : John Wiley & Sons. 

Few, even among the graduates of the Institute of Technology, realize 
the important part which the school has played in the remarkable devel- 
opment of sanitation in the United States during the last twenty years. 
Those who have not been in touch with the campaign for pure water and 
pure air and clean cities may be surprised at the dedication of the latest 
book on Typhoid Fever, by G. C. Whipple, which runs as follows : — 

"To the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, my Alma Mater, a 
Pioneer in Sanitary Education entitled to the gratitude of every one who 
values the Public Health." 

Yet this tribute is not undeserved. The Institute was the first school 
in the United States to so combine chemistry and bacteriology and engi- 
neering as to fit men adequately for the new profession of sanitary science. 
It is very largely through the efforts of our graduates that the war against 
disease in the environment has gone forward so rapidly; and to-day Insti- 
tute men are taking a leading part in the campaign all over the Union. 

These men are not medical men. The remarkable thing about the new 
sanitary science is that it deals with the causes of disease rather than with 
disease itself. Some of the causes as Mr. Whipple points out can best be 
eliminated by the sanitary engineer, the sanitary chemist, and the sani- 
tary biologist. Water supply and sewerage are their business; and these 
are the measures which have produced more effect on typhoid fever than 
any others. On the other hand, the control of the disease in the house- 
hold, the isolation of the patient, the disinfection of excreta, are within 
the province of the physician. The two professions must work together, 
and Mr. Whipple's book should materially help to interpret them to each 
other and to co-ordinate their activities. 

After a brief treatment of the symptoms and bacteriology of typhoid 
fever, Mr. Whipple takes up The Typhoid Patient as a Focus of Infection. 
He shows how the excretions of the diseased body may carry the germs 
by numerous paths to new victims, water, milk, flies and direct contagion 
being only a few of the numerous vehicles of transfer. The prompt dis- 

Digitized by 


I02 The Technology Review 

infection of excreta in the sick-room offers one of the most efficient of 
all measures in dealing with disease. The neglect of this precaution and 
the exploded dogma that "typhoid fever is infectious, but not contagious" 
are perhaps the chief causes of that excess of typhoid fever in the United 
States which truly constitutes "a national disgrace." In a chapter on 
"The Typhoid Bacillus at Large," Mr. Whipple discusses with admirable 
clearness and conservatism the life of the organism in water, ice, milk, soil, 
«tc. He shows that, as a parasitic germ, it finds all these environments 
unfavorable and gradually dies out, so that more or less direct transfer 
from infected person to susceptible victim is the thing most to be feared. 
Filtration of public water-supplies, pasteurization of milk, regulation of 
•oyster culture, and war against the fly nuisance are the chief measures of 
defence against germs once discharged into the environment, as disinfec- 
tion and sewage purification, at the other end of the chain, prevent the 
wholesale infection of the environment itself. 

A chapter on Typhoid Statisucs and another on the seasonal distribution 
of the disease, its incidence on the various ages and sexes and races and its 
prevalence in various geographical districts, close the more general porrion 
of the book. The most important classical typhoid epidemics are then 
reviewed in some detail, and methods for the investigation and control of 
epidemics are discussed. Mr. Whipple's experience as an epidemiologist 
in the Kennebec Valley and at Cleveland, Ohio, equip him well for this 
part of his task. As he rightly says, "To trace an epidemic to its source 
is not so much a study for the doctor as for the statistician, the detective, 
the bacteriologist, the chemist, and the engineer. The specialist has to be 
all these at once." 

After a more detailed discussion of the actual results attained by improve- 
ments in water supplies and milk supplies, Mr. Whipple takes up the finan- 
cial aspects of typhoid prevention, along the lines of his earlier book on 
"The Value of Pure Water." A great deal of nonsense is written to-day 
about the extent to which various diseases could be prevented and the 
financial profit to be derived from the transaction. Mr. Whipple writes no 
nonsense. It is sober truth that a large proportion of the 30,000 deaths 
from typhoid fever in the United States could be prevented. Perhaps, as 
Mr. Whipple estimates, the preventable proportion is three-fourths; per- 
haps we can only hope by any practical improvements to cut our present 
death-rate to one-half. The main fact remains that we have a vast amount 
of preventable typhoid. The reasons why we have it and the methods 
we should adopt to do away with it could scarcely be better presented than 

Digitized by 


Book Reviews 103 

Mr. Whipple has presented them. His book is orderly and progressive; 
its facts are accurate and full; the judgment of the author is sound through- 
out; and his style is clear and readable. 

The subject-matter of this book should not be confined to physicians and 
sanitarians. There is scarcely an intelligent engineer or a public-spirited 
citizen who would not be the better for a clear knowledge of the causes of 
the principal diseases and of the specific preventive measures by which they 
can be met. Professor Sedgwick says in his introduction : — 

"The statement is often made that 'for every case of typhoid fever some 
one ought to be hanged.' It is a striking spying and worth remembering, 
because it puts the responsibility for this disease where it belongs; namely 
upon mankind, and not upon fate or the gods. But, unless hanging is to 
be introduced as a penalty for ignorance and neglect, it is not often true. 
What is true is that every case of typhoid fever comes from somebody s igno' 
ranee or neglect. And here also the remedies are education and training, 
with penalties only for criminal negligence. We might more truly say 
that for every case of typhoid fever some one ought to be educated.'' 

Mr. Whipple's book is admirably adapted to carry forward this work of 

C.-E. A. WiNSLOw, '98. 

The Man who ended War. By Hollis Godfrey ('98). Boston: Little, 
Brown & G>. 

The novel is not a form of literature in which Tech men are usually pro- 
lific. Since, however, Mr. H. G. Wells has shown that the wonder-story 
with which Jules Verne delighted us in our youth could be developed on 
the latest scientific lines and made of absorbing interest for adults, there 
is no reason Ys\iy novelists should not "prepare" at Tech, by learning about 
the material they are to handle. 

Hollis Godfrey is primarily a teacher of chemistry, but a teacher who 
reaches out beyond his class-room to use the wider influences which are at 
the command of his profession. A series of articles in the Atlantic Monthly 
on the health of the city are examples of excellent scientific popularizing, — 
that task ¥^ich is to-day of such supreme importance and such supreme 
difficulty. The present volume, however, is not at all educational. It is 
simply an amazing story. Yet this, too, is useful; for scientific wonder- 
stories, if the wonders are not wholly unreasonable wonders, help to create 
an atmosphere favorable to scientific work. 

Digitized by 


I04 The Technology Review 

The Man who ended War made use of a tremendously powerful radio- 
active substance which destroyed metals, causing them to vanish into 
gaseous form like a puflF of smoke. He warned the governments of the 
world that their warships would one by one disappear, and all aboard per- 
ish, if disarmament were not at once begun. Contempt for a crank gradu- 
ally gave way to alarm and terror, as these dire prophecies were fulfilled. 
But meanwhile the hero of the book, a reporter, his friend, a physicist, and 
the physicist's charming sister, are on the track of ''the man who will stop 
all war." By radioscopes and wave-measuring machines they follow the 
trail of the mysterious destroyer. In a boat insulated against the deadly 
waves, they watch his work at close range. When the nations finally jdeld, 
they communicate with him by wireless, that both he and the world may 
be at peace. Meanwhile another wireless circuit has been completed, which 
includes Jim and Dorothy, to the great satisfaction of all concerned. 

Mr. Godfrey's miracles are sufficiently plausible to hold one's interest. 
The sense of mystery all through the book is well sustained; and the human 
side of the problem is not neglected. Passages, like the following descrip- 
tion of a reconnoissance by search-light, testify to good observation and a 
mastery of words: — 

"G>nstantly we moved in light, while all else was in shadow. Before 
us was the shore, lighted as by a ghostly radiance, on either side was dark- 
ness, such darkness that we could barely distinguish the sky line of bluflF 
and tree against the sky. We neither spoke nor moved, and the sailors 
forward scarce broke by a movement the silence, with its single sound 
rising above the monotony of the waves. Dark green of pine and cedar, 
lighter green of scrub oak, yellow gray of sand dune, soft brown warmth 
of massive boulder, curling white where splashing waves broke on the 
glistening pebbles of the shore, ragged stump and lofty maple, — all were 
etherealized by the silver, shifting light." 

The description of the last review of the armies of England before their 
final mustering out is done with a rare touch of pathos. Altogether, it may 
confidently be predicted that any one who begins this book will finish it, 
and then will wish that Godfrey would write some more stories of the 
same kind. 

C. E. A. WiNSLOW, '98. 

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Book Reviews 105 

Boiler Accessories. By Walter S. Leland ('96). 123 pages, 6 J x 9 J 
inches. Published by the American School of Correspondence. Chi- 
cago, 111. 
Of late years the need for books which treat a limited subject in the me- 
chanical field specifically, has become more and more apparent, and the 
American School of Correspondence has brought out a number of books 
which deal each with one limited division of mechanical knowledge. By 
doing so, it is possible to present a more complete treatise on this particular 
subject than is possible in a large work trying to cover the whole territory 
of mechanical engineering. This book deals specifically with boiler acces- 
sories, boiler setting, control and supply devices, and one part of the book 
is devoted to the troubles met with in boiler operation and the carrying out 
of tests. In preparing this material, it has been the aim of the author to lay 
special stress on the practical side of the subject, treated as distinct from 
mere theoretical and academic discussion. The book is illustrated with 
seventy-two line engravings and several half-tones made from photographs 
of existing boiler plants. 

The Study of Stellar Evolution. By George E. Hale ('90). pp. xi + 
252; 104 plates; 7 text figures. University of Chicago Press, 1908. 
Price, postpaid, ^.27. 

This intensely interesting volume from the pen of one of the Institute's 
most eminent alumni should be read by every one who would learn some- 
thing of the remarkable instruments and methods which have been devel- 
oped and of the results obtained during the last fifteen or twenty years in 
the domain of astrophysics. In this particular field of research no one 
has contributed more, by the invention of novel and powerful instruments 
and by actual results obtained, than Professor Hale, and he has given in 
the volume before us a delightfully characteristic non-technical account 
not only of what has already been accomplished, but also of problems at 
present under investigation, and of others which remain to be solved in 
the future. 

As originally planned, the work was intended to be a handbook of the 
Yerkes Observatory. In its present form, however, it is much more than 
this, including, as it does, an account of the very recent work on Mount Wil- 
son, California, where under a grant from the Carnegie Institution Pro- 
fessor Hale has established the Carnegie Solar Observatory, — unique 
among its kind, as weU as of the researches carried out by him and his 
associates at the Yerkes Observatory. In the development of a programme 

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lo6 The Technology Review 

of observatoiy work, together with its necessary instrument equipment, the 
author has always had before him the problem of stellar evolution in its 
broadest sense. This explains the wide range of investigations touched 
upon in this volume. Of particular interest is the discussion of various 
novel types of telescopes and of the work for which each is especially 
adapted. In the modem astrophysical observatory, however, the tele- 
scope, although a necessary, is by no means a sufficient instrument of 
research. To the astrophysicist it serves but to bring the image of some 
celestial light source to a focus within his laboratory, there to be submitted 
to minute analysis with the aid of powerful spectroscopes and their accesso- 
ries. The sun, being the nearest of the stars, furnishes the richest field 
for such research, for it is only by an exhaustive study of its chemistry and 
physical condition that we may hope to interpret the conditions, as recorded 
by their spectra, of the more distant stars. Professor Hale's own epoch- 
making researches in the field of solar physics are well known, and the 
chapters devoted to them are especially interesting. 

"The Study of Stellar Evolution " is not in any sense a treatise on theo- 
ries of the evolution of celestial bodies. On the contrary, it is discursive in 
style, and the various subjects discussed are treated more or less individually. 

The reader feels, however, that he is introduced into the very midst of the 
problems which are attracting the attention of astrophysicists at the present 
time, and it is this which gives to the work such lively interest. The mag- 
nitude of some of the undertakings projected, as well as of those already 
accomplished, cannot fail to impress him as astounding. To mention but 
one, the construction, transportation to the top of a mountain 6,000 feet in 
altitude, and mounting of the new Hooker telescope, the glass mirror of 
which is to be 100 inches in diameter, 13 inches thick, and 4^ tons in weight, 
is an engineering problem in itself of large dimensions. 

A feature of the work which should be especially mentioned is the superb 
collection of plates, 104 in number, which constitute no less than one-half 
the volume. These include many taken by the author himself and also 
beautiful examples of photography by Barnard, Ritchy, and Ellerman. 
The press-work is of a high order of excellence, the volume being one of 
the series of Decennial Publications of the University of Chicago. 

H. M. Goodwin ('90). 

A Text-book of General Bacteriology. By Edwin O. Jordan, Ph.D. 
(S.B. M. I. T., 1888), Professor of Bacteriology in the University of 
Chicago and in Rush Medical College. Fully illustrated, pp. 545 

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Book Reviews 107 

and indexes. W. B. Saunders Company: Philadelphia and London, 

If anything had been needed to establish Professor Jordan's reputation 
as one of the leading bacteriologists of the time, this solid volume of 550 
pages would have been more than sufficient. 

When Professor Jordan entered the Institute as a freshman, there was 
nowhere in the world any such recognized science as bacteriology. Even 
in Germany the first thin volume of the Jabreshericbt appeared in 1885, 
but the growth of the new science was so rapid that before young Jordan 
graduated he had already begun work in what has since proved to be his 
chosen profession. To this he has now given twenty years of teaching 
and invesdgadon, of which the volume before us represents the ripe and 
worthy fruit. 

We have had, and are still having, many books upon bacteriology. Of 
these some are good, some bad, but most indifferent. Some are frankly 
pathological, some agricultural, some nondescript. Very few are really 
broad and general or in any degree suitable for classes of beginners in 
universities and technical colleges. Only Fischer follows the strictly bio- 
logical path marked out so successfully by De Bary years ago, but now 
almost forgotten. Jordan parallels this path, and points out clearly in his 
preface the importance of general bacteriology when he says that this 
''should find a place, in every general scientific course," rightly adding, 
further on, "For the general scientific student and reader bacteriology 
presents certain aspects that tend to widen the outlook upon a variety of 
human interests." 

Knowing Jordan's breadth and catholicity of mind, we had come to 
expect from him a treatment of the subject similar in biological breadth 
and balance to that of De Bary. But in this one particular we must con- 
fess to a slight disappointment, for the pathological aspects of the subject 
in this volume so largely ^1 the field of vision as to obscure, to a great extent, 
other and important relations of the bacteria. It is regrettable, for ex- 
ample, from our point of view, that in a general text-book the bacteria of 
animal diseases absorb 350 pages, while the bacteria of earth, air and water, 
and the agricultural, industrial and plant-disease bacteria, occupy only 
seventy pages. It is also regrettable, from the pedagogic view, that what we 
may call the more "normal" bacteriolgy— /.^., the bacteriology of earth, air 
soil, water and foods — should not have been made to precede the patholog- 
ical. This plan, of course, would have postponed too long for the author's 
purposes, the consideration of the more medical topics, and it may also be 

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lo8 The Technology Review 

urged, with some force, that the first six chapters form a sufficient general 
introduction, while the interest in, and the superior knowledge and impor- 
tance of, the disease-producing forms should cause them to receive the 
principal consideration. 

Apart from this one criticism of balance or proportion, we have only 
the highest praise to award. The subject is scientifically and gener- 
ously conceived, thoroughly and dispassionately treated, and securely built 
upon broad biological foundations. The style is direct, clear and compact. 
The method of argumentative presentation by discussion, introduced into 
biological text-books by Michael Foster, is often used, but always in moder- 
ation. A few "first aid" foot-notes are wisely given, referring the reader to 
the original sources of our present knowledge. The pathogenic protozoa 
and some other strictly speaking non-bacterial forms are properly included, 
and well, if briefly treated, while a helpful Appendix deals with those in- 
fectious diseases, such as smalt-pox, rabies, yellow fever, measles, mumps, 
foot-and-mouth disease, etc., of which the germs, if any, are either in dis- 
pute or else as yet unknown. 

The publishers have done sarisfactorily their part. Barring that exces- 
sive weight which makes so many modem books a weariness to the flesh, 
this one is unusually well made. The paper is not excessively thin or shiny, 
the type is well chosen, the illustrations excellent. Taking it all in all, 
this is a capital treatise, a solid contribution to biological science, and far 
and away the best text-book on general bacteriology hitherto published. 

W. T. Sedgwick. 

The Systematic Relationships of the Coccaceae, with a Discussion 
OF the Principles of Bacterial Classification. Including a 
Key to the Genera and Species and a Bibliography. By Charles- 
Edward Amory Winslow (M. I. T., '98), Assistant Professor of Biology, 
and Anne Rogers Winslow, Sometime Special Student of Biology, 
M. I. T. Colored frontispiece and pp. viii-j- 300. 8vo. New 
York: John Wiley & Sons, 1908. 

We have here a monograph on one of the great sub-kingdoms of the 
bacteria such as would do honor to the Proceedings of any scientific Acad- 
emy or any Association for the promotion of pure science. That pub- 
lishers have been found willing to bring it out in book form and to add it 
to the list of their regular publications is striking testimony both to their 
foresight and public spirit and to the rapidly widening demand for scien- 
tific memoirs. 

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Book Reviews 109 

The classification of sparrows and goldenrods is difficult enough, and 
has long been a puzzle to zoologists and botanists. But, because of the 
smallness of the bacteria, differences in the form or structure of these minute 
beings are usually very hard to detect. Ferdinand Cohn in 1870, roughly 
subdivided them into rods, balls, and spirals, a grouping which still stands; 
but beyond this almost childish classification we have had, for the most 
part, to apply the Biblical test of knowing them by their fruits. For, very 
much as clergymen and cut-throats may be indistinguishable in appearance, 
yet are generally separable with ease by their deeds or fruits, so two rods, 
two balls or two spirals, seemingly alike, may turn out, when judged by 
their behavior, reactions, products or habits, to be the one harmless, the 
other murderous. Unfortunately, however, habits and deeds seem to be 
more variable than forms and structures, and hence the need of long 
series of observations, careful measurements, and frequency determinations, 
if these more changeable funcdonal characteristics are to be relied upon. 

Professor Winslow, finding the classification of the ball-shaped bacteria 
in utter confusion, and yet requiring for his own studies to know where 
he stood when he found, for example, streptococci in sewage and micro- 
cocci in air, enlisted the collaboration of Miss Anne Rogers, a well-trained 
and enthusiastic student of biology, in a thorough study of such members 
of this group as they could find anywhere in nature or in disease. To this 
study they brought the latest methods of biometry as well as of systematic 
bacteriology and chemistry, and the monograph which now appears and 
bears their names gives their results and testifies to their success. 

This monograph will, at first sight, seem to be caviare to the general, 
but as a monument of patient, persistent and successful scientific research 
it will stand. It will hold an honored place in every biological labora- 
toiy worthy of the name, and be on the desk of every student of systematic 
bacteriology. One of its most valuable features is an artificial Key to 
the Genera and Species, and this, especially when joined to the exten- 
sive bibliography at the end, makes the volume simply indispensable to 
the working bacteriologist, pathologist or sanitarian. 

The publishers have done their full part. The paper is good and free 
from all unhygienic shine, the type is handsome, and the press work and 
binding are excellent. William T. Sedgwick. 

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no The Technology Review 


The advertising department of this issue of the Review 

covers a wider field than usual. It now more nearly repre- 

sents the real value of this ma&;azine as an 

GOOD FIELD— , ,. j u r r u 

LOW RATES advertising medium and the quauty ot the 

buying public to which it appeals. Most 

of these announcements have particular significance for 

friends of Technology, and it is hardly necessary to suggest 

that the spirit of co-operation which is in the air be extended 

to those who are lending us a very welcome hand. 

The Review has no advertising solicitors on salary or 
commission, — the low rates offered will not permit, — ^but it 
appeals, and will further appeal, to many because of the 
character of its audience and the keenness of Tech men to 
take up with the things offered that are worth while. The 
increase in circulation and interest because of culminating 
events places the magazine in a very strong position. 

The success of the business department of this number is 
largely due to the energetic work done by the secretaries of 
the classes, through whose efforts the Review was founded. 
The interest in the advertising feature that has been stirred 
up should mean a continued increase in the patronage of 
this department, and we shall be glad of any further assist- 
ance from those who have the welfare of the Review at 
heart. Rates are as follows: — 

P«r Yuar, Per Issue, 

Professional card, 2f inches x if inches ;$io.oo $3'50 

One-quarter page 35-00 12.00 

One-half page 60.00 20.00 

One page 100.00 35.00 

"Want" advs. ;$i.oo for 4 lines, half the width of advertising page. 

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Publisher's Page iii 

The April number of the Review will contain the com- 
plete program for the Second Technology Reunion; an 

account of the alumni dinner in Boston; 

LOOK FOR THE _: i u • u i r 

APRIL NUMBER ^" article showing the plan ot organiza- 
tion that is being worked out among the 
undergraduates, which is an education in itself, and which 
is challenging the attention of the college world; plans for 
the inauguration of Dr. Maclaurin as President; the edu- 
cational advances made by the Institute, and the most 
notable work of the research laboratories; a full account of 
the activities of the twenty-five alumni associations all 
over the country; "Tech Men in the Public Eye"; class 
news; and reviews of books written by Tech men. The 
many important events that may transpire during the next 
three months will be faithfully chronicled, so that the 
Review will be indispensable to every man who has faith 
in Technology. 

The announcement that the Alumni Association will pub- 
lish a list of non-graduates is only a small indication of the 
EVERY MAN IS general appreciation of the part that 

INTERESTED ^P^^^^' students have played in advancing 
Technology. It is expected that every 
interested member of this large body will become actively 
identified with the great work that is before us, and apply 
for membership in the Alumni Association. The member- 
ship fee includes subscription to the Review, now the official 
organ of the Alumni Association, and each member will 
receive a copy of the Register of Alumni, not graduates. 
Associate members have every privilege of the Association 
except holding a few of the elective offices. They vote for 
all officers, including term members of the Corporation, and 
are eligible for election to the Alumni Council. 

Digitized by 


112 The Technology Review 


Robert H. Richards, 5^r., Mass. Inst, of Tech., Boston, Mass. 

During the summer R. H. Richards made an extended trip visit- 
ing western concentrating mills for the purpose of explaining, with 
a view to the introduction of his new pulsator classifier and pulsator 
jig, devices for concentrating ores. He has found the mill men 
everywhere most interested in hearing about the new devices and 
ready to listen and consider the introduction. He has visited some 
seven districts in Arizona, two in Mexico, one in Utah, and two 
in Montana, all concentrating copper ores, and has visited one 
in Missouri and one in Utah, and three in Idaho concentradng 
lead, and one in Colorado concentrating gold and silver ores. 

During Professor Richards' summer trip visiting the mills of 
Arizona, Mexico, Utah, Idaho, Montana, and Colorado, he made 
it a practice to get Technology men together for a dinner wherever 
possible. The following list of dinners were held at the places 
named, together with the names of those who participated: Morenci, 
Ariz., about July 2, Frank D. Rathbun ('03), Detroit Copper Com- 
pany, Albert W. Wells ('05), Detroit Copper Company; Globe, 
Ariz., about July 6, Harold S. Duncan ('07), Old Dominion Copper 
Company, Shepartt K. Emilio ('07), Old Dominion Copper Com- 
pany, Harold C. Plummer ('06), Old Dominion Copper Company, 
Ralph D. Williams ('04), Miami Copper Company; Tucson, 
Ariz., about July 16, Ira Wm. Chace C98), George A. Crane ('07), 
Robert R. Goodrich ('85), Edward A. Thornton ('07); Nacozari, 
Mex., about July 12, George H.. Booth ('98), C. A. Smith ('02); 
Los Angeles, Cal., about August i, James W. Johnson ('82), Willis 
T. Knowlton ('93), Edward L. Mayberry ('06), Burdett Moody 
('90), Louis A. Parker ('06), Samuel Storrow ('90), George E. Hale 
('90), Pasadena, Cal., dined together; Mrs. S. P. Clark (Miss 
Carrie Rice, '82) invited him to her house about July 31; Salt Lake 
City, Utah, about August 6, Matthew Brodie ('02), E. P. Fleming 
Coi), Lewis T. Cannon ('96), W. B. Fisher (>8), C. W. Goodale 

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News from the Classes 113 

(>5), Bartlett A. E. Wells ('06), Valletta L. Benedict ('94), B- W. 
Mcndenhall ('02); Wallace, Ida., about August 16, F. F. Johnson 
C84), P. M. Paine ('04); Telluride, Col., about August 24, J. H. 
Batcheller ('00), Robert Livermore ('03); Butte, Mont., about 
August 19, John F. Card ('04), C. W. Goodale O5), T. B. Black 
('09), T. G. Chapman ('09). 

C. F. Read, SeCy Old State House, Boston, Mass. 

Thomas H. Sampson, of New Orleans, was in Boston recently, 
and called upon the secretary. They had not met for so many 
years that memory fails to record the exact date. Mr. Sampson 
promises another visit to Boston during the present year. — Charles 
D. Austin is to return to Boston to live. He has been for many 
months past superintending the erection of a prominent bank build- 
ing in Cleveland, Ohio. — Benjamin L. Crosby, who was principal 
assistant engineer on the construction of the Vancouver Bridge, 
Vancouver, Wash., has been recently appointed division en- 
gineer of the Northern Pacific Railway Company, in charge of 
operated lines west of Ellensburg, Wash. Mr. Crosby will reside 
at Tacoma. — Joseph B. Emerson, of Honolulu, who is retired 
from business, is passing the winter in Lausanne, Switzerland. — 
William T. Blunt is superintendent of sub-aqueous rock excava- 
tion of the Panama Canal, with headquarters at La Boca, Panama. 
He expects to visit Boston in March next, when he has a leave of 
absence. — The class association will celebrate the thirty-fifth year 
of graduation in 1874 by a reunion at Young's Hotel on the 18th 
of this month. The wives> children, and friends of the members 
are invited to attend, and the affair promises to be a most success- 
ful one. Reunions of a similar nature were held in 1899 and 

Richard A. Hale, Sec.^ Lawrence, Mass. 

Frank C. Skinner, of Missouri, who has just been promoted by 
Secretary Garfield and President Roosevelt to a position on the 
board of examiners-in-chief of the Patent Office, is a native of 
Lawrence, Mass., where he was first educated in the Lawrence 
High School. He is also a graduate of the Albany Law School. 

Digitized by 


114 T^^ Technology Review 

Immediately after he graduated from law schoolfMr. Skinner 
practised law in Massachusetts. Then he went west, and settled in 
Nebraska. In 1883 he was appointed to a position in the Patent 
Office, and by competitive examinations he was advanced from time 
to time. Commissioner Moore, of the Patent Office, has frequently 
called upon Mr. Skinner for special services in difficult matters 
before the office, and he has always made good. 

Walter B. Snow, Sec, 170 Summer Street, Boston, Mass. 

J. E. Chapman, of Evanston, Wyo., who has been spending the 
past few months in the East, has just been honored by election to 
the State Senate, his election having occurred during his absence. 
When asked if he would be willing to be a candidate, he replied 
that he cared nothing for the honor, and asjced that nothing should 
be done about it. He was, therefore, much surprised to receive 
a telegram stating that he had been elected by a large majority. — 
F. B. Cochran is treasurer of the National Vacuum Company, with 
office at 20 Broad Street, New York City. — James P. Munroe has 
been elected chairman of the Massachusetts Commission for the 
Blind, and Walter B. Snow has been appointed a member of the 

Prof. W. L. Puffer, Sec, 307 Equitable Building, Boston, Mass. 

H. G. Hammett called on the secretary a few days ago while 
passing through Boston from the New York meeting of the Amer- 
ican Association of Mechanical Engineers. He is president of the 
Society of Engineers of Eastern New York. 

As the twenty-fifth anniversary of our graduation has been com- 
puted to fall in 1909 and as it seems scarcely fitting that this should 
be commemorated merely by the All-Technology Reunion, a com- 
mittee composed of Tyler, Puffer, and Gill has been actively engaged 
in collecting material for a twenty-fifth anniversary class book. 
This book will contain autobiographies of all members of the class 
who can be persuaded to expose themselves to the autobiograph, 
and will be of intense interest to the contributors and to their 

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News from the Classes 115 

Isaac W. Litchfield, Sec, 88 Broad Street, Boston, Mass. 

Frank Page, who is president of the Confectioners' Machinery and 
Manufacturing Company of Springfield, is also president of the 
Connecticut Valley Metal Trades Association, which held a meet- 
ing on November 30 at Springfield. One of the speakers was 
F. K. Copeland (M. I. T., '76), of Chicago, who is president of 
the National Metal Trades Association. — President-elect Taft 
was the guest of the North Carolina Association in New York 
at a dinner held on December 7 at the Hotel Astor. Among the 
speakers was President W. W. Finley, of the Southern Railway 
Company, and Hugh MacRae ('85), of Wilmington, N. C— E. L. 
Rawson, who was for many years superintendent of construction 
for Winslow & Bigelow, has opened an office for the practice of 
architecture and engineering at 6 Beacon Street. — ^F. C. Sands, who 
was with '85 the first two years, is with Sands, Taylor & Wood, 
131 State Street, Boston. — Redington Fiske is at 60 CongressjStreet, 
Boston. — C. R. Allen has just been appointed master of the new 
Industrial High School at New Bedford, Mass. — David Baker 
has a son, D. F. Baker, in the Institute, Class of '12 — ^Arthur D. 
Little, whose article describing the aims and forecasting the future of 
the new Research Laboratory of Applied Chemistry appears in 
this issue under the ride "A Laboratory for Public Service," has 
recently delivered several addresses in which he has developed 
different phases of the relations of the chemist to the community. 
As chairman of the Division of Industrial Chemists and Chemical 
Engineers of the American Chemical Society, he presided at the 
Baltimore meeting of the division December 29, 30 and 31, and 
delivered an address entided "The Untilled Field of Chemistry," 
and in November Litde gave a talk on "The Relation of Chemistry 
to Business" before the students of the Boston High School of 
Commerce. On December 17 he spoke to the chemical students 
of Syracuse University, on the subject "The Chemist and the Op- 
portunity." That same evening he read a paper on "Paper and 
Paper Making" before the Syracuse Section of the American Chem- 
ical Society, illustrating his remarks by many lantern slides and 
samples, including a remarkable collection of Italian water-marks 
reproducing portraits, paintings, and elaborate designs of highly 
artistic quality. Some of the water-marks were produced in color 
by processes unknown in this country. — ^The great advance that 
the laboratory of applied chemistry marks in the history of the 

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Il6 The Technology Review 

recent work of the Institute will impress the reader of Little's arti- 
cle in this number of the Review. It is of particular satisfaction to 
'85 men to know that this laboratory came about largely through the 
efforts of H. P. Talbot, whose comprehensive foresight has placed 
the chemical department so well in the front. At the Baltimore 
meeting of the American Socrety for the Advancement of Science, 
Talbot presided as chairman of the Section on the Education of 
Chemists, and gave a short address on "Science Teaching as a 
Career," as a retiring chairman of section "C* of the association. — 
Charities of New York published a sketch of Charles R. Richards, 
the new director of Cooper Union, in November. In speaking of 
the work of the Union, Charities says that the general course in 
science occupies the most prominent place on the curriculum. "It 
requires five years' regular attendance for five nights a week. Seven 
hundred and thirty men have been graduated from the general 
science course since it was organized, and many of them are now 
holding prominent positions in the engineering world. The new 
director does not minimize the great importance of the science 
courses, but he does believe that the purely scientific and technical 
instruction in engineering and chemistry should be expanded to 
include special classes where instruction will be more directly re- 
lated to the industries of New York. Courses relating to the build- 
ing trades and to many of the manufacturing industries and special 
classes in industrial chemistry are among the possible lines of devel- 
opment, and it is the new director's task to increase the financial 
and physical resources to make the additional work possible." 
— C. D. Brown & Co. have moved from their old building on 
Congress Street to handsome offices in the new John Hancock 
Building, 49 Federal Street, Boston. 

William G. Snow, SeCy 1108 Penn Mutual Building, Boston, Mass. 

B. R. T. Collins has recently been in California investigating oil- 
boring plants. He is now in El Paso, Tex., where he has made 
his headquarters since April. — Buttolph, Thompson, and Snow at- 
tended the December meeting of the American Society of Mechani- 
cal Engineers in New York. — Richard Vose is connected with the 
Bridge Department of the Mexican Central Railway. — The secre- 
tary is about to publish another decennial report. He wishes to 
urge class members to send in news items to him for publication in 
The Technology Review. 

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News from the Classes 117 


Prof. W. E. Mott, Sec, Mass. Inst, of Tech., Boston, Mass. 

The committee authorized at the last annual meeting to consider 
plans for the twentieth reunion has been appointed by the class 
president. The members are as follows: W. B. Thurber, F. R. 
Hart, G. C. Wales, W. C. Kilham, and the secretary. The com- 
mittee is to report at the next annual dinner to be held Monday 
evening, February i. — W. M. Duane has resigned as chief engi- 
neer of the "Big Four,*' and is reported as connected with a large 
Chicago construction company. — As a member of the Fire Com- 
mission of Brookline, W. W. Estabrook has been instrumental in 
providing the town ^^ith an unusually imposing fire-engine house and 
headquarters. — S. H. Mildram, who ran as an independent can- 
didate for representative from Ward 24, Boston, at the recent elec- 
tion, was again elected to the legislature. The firm of Rankin 
('89), Kellogg ('87) & Crane ('89), architects, 1012 Walnut Street, 
Philadelphia, has been selected to design the new Mechanic Arts 
High School at St. Paul, Minn.— The Keller-Pike Company, Phila- 
delphia, general electrical contractors, is responsible for the entire 
electrical equipment of the new building of the Girard Trust Com- 
pany, Philadelphia. The United States Mint, National Export Ex- 
position, the State Capitol at Harrishurg are among the large con- 
tracts recently completed by this firm. — G. C. Whipple, whose 
business address is now 103 Park Avenue, New York city, has 
recently published a book on typhoid fever, and it has received 
most complimentary reviews. His firm is busy with many designs, 
notably a mechanical filter plant for Brisbane, Australia, and a 
sand filtration plant for Toronto, Canada. — Harrison I oring, Jr., 
is now a counsellor-at-law, having been recently admitted to the bar. 
The following notice received by the secretary will interest not only 
'89 men, but all former students of Professor Swain as well: — 

On May 7, 1908, Professor Swain delivered an address on the Subway 
System of Boston before the Brooklyn Engineers' Club, of which Whipple 
C89) is president. The meeting was held in the chapel of the Brooklyn 
Polytechnic Institute, where Spofford ('93) is professor of civil engineering. 

Just before the meeting a complimentary dinner was given to Professor 
Swain by as many of his former students residing in New York as could be 
gotten together. About fifty were present. The occasion proved a most 
enjoyable reunion. 

Tlie dinner was held in Fraunces' Tavern, New York's oldest hostelry, 
famous for the farewell dinner when George Washington bade good-bye 
to his officers. 

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George L. Gilmore, Sec.^ Lexington, Mass. 

Mrs. Anne M. Calkins, wife of Professor Gary N. Calkins, of 
Columbia University, died October 18, in a private hospital in Cam- 
bridge, where a week before she underwent an operarion. Eariy in- 
the summer Mrs. Calkins came from her home in New York to 
visit her mother, the widow of Attorney Chauncy Smith, at the 
family residence, 121 Brattle Street, Cambridge. While there, she 
became ill. — ^Under the auspices of the Royal Anthropological Insti- 
tute, of London, England, Professor William Z. Ripley, of Harvard 
University, was presented with the Huxley gold medal November 13, 
and delivered a Huxley memorial lecture dealing with the European 
popularion in the United States, in which he pointed out the danger 
of the physical submergence of the English stock in the United 
States and Canada by the flood of continental European peoples, 
arising from the declining birth-rate of Anglo-Saxons as compared 
with the birth-rate of other immigrants. — Mr. W. L Finch is reported 
to be at Atlantic City, N. J. This is the first report we have had 
from Finch since his freshman year at Tech. — ^Mr. E. H. Brownell 
is|now at the Naval Station at Cavite, Philippine Islands. — Mr. 
Samuel W. Babbitt, who was a special in the class, died on May 17, 
1908.— Mr. F. B. Hall is at 27 William Street, New York, N.Y.— 
Mr. H. B. Spaulding, the artist, has had an exhibition at R. H. 
Steams & Co., from November 12 to 21, of "New England Impres- 
sions." Spaulding has had a number of exhibitions this fall, and 
his work is meeting with great success. — Lieutenant John B. Blood 
won second prize at the naval rifle compedtion of the M. V. M. 
Naval Brigade. — Mr. Gordon Eaton is one. of the team of the Amer- 
ican Whist Club of Boston to play for the Robinson trophy. — ^Mr. 
Calvin W. Rice was secretary of the local committee of New York 
for the annual meeting of the American Society of Mechanical 
Engineers which was held in New York the week of December i. 
Mrs. Rice was on the Ladies' Reception Committee. 

Howard C. Forbes, Sec, 88 Broad Street, Boston, Mass. 

Garrison is interested in an Art Marble Company, with works 
in South Brooklyn, N.Y., where E. G. Thomas ('87) is superin- 
tendent. They have a process for turning out marble of the most 

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News from the Classes 119 

beautiful colors and designs, comprising dies, clocks, book-holders, 
columns, etc. They are just being marketed in Boston among the 
jewellers and stationers. They have a room at 33 Broad Street, 
Boston, devoted to the marble products. Charles Aiken ('91) is 
constructing some special machinery for their use. The Choral- 
celo Manufacturing Company with whom Garrison is associated 
is just completing its new two-key manual instrument, which will 
be made public in the spring, when instruments will be ready for 
delivery. It has been called by experts the greatest musical instru- 
ment in the world, and is the culminadon of twenty-one years of 
the inventor's work. — Fiske writes: — 

You probably will be interested to learn that on January i I shall make 
a change in my business and leave the Phoenix Insurance Company to go 
with Henry W. Brown & Company, of Philadelphia, fire insurance agents 
and brokers. I shall have charge of their branch office in New York at 
100 William Street. This is an old-established firm, who make a specialty 
of handling large accounts, acting as brokers for the property owner in all 
matters connected with their fire insurance. They also act as fire pro- 
tection engineers in showing how to construct and protect property so as 
to obtain the lowest insurance rates and at the same time secure the best 

I hope you and the rest of the boys will remember the New York address, 
100 William Street, and drop in and see me when in "the big city." I 
shall probably not move my family from Hartford until next spring, and 
have not yet decided just where I shall make a home, but it will be in some 
one of the suburban towns or cities. 

I received your letter regarding advertising in the Review, and will 
at once take it up with the firm, and let you know the outcome. I have 
always been interested in the Review, and want to see it grow and suc- 
ceed even more than in the past. 

Prof. William A. Johnston, Sec, Mass. Inst, of Tech., Boston. 

Ambrose Packard writes: "I was in Elizabeth, N.J., and ran 
across E. R. French, who is now assistant superintendent. Central 
Division Public Service Corporation of New Jersey." He sa)rs he 
often sees C. H. Bigelow, who is inspecting engineer with L. B. 
Stillwell at Hudson Companies Power Station. — George O. Bassett 
has been transferred to the New York office of the Western Electric 
Company. His present address is 463 West Street, New York city. 
—Edward C. Wells was most seriously injured in a street-car acci- 
dent at his home, Quincy, 111., on the morning of Oct. 29, 1908. 

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Two cars, each behind time and running in a heavy fog in opposite 
directions on a single track, were trying to make different switches, 
when they collided, and the car in which Wells happened to be 
riding on the front platform was telescoped, and the motorman of 
that car was injured so that he subsequently died. At the first 
shock Wells was apparently thrown forward and then drawn back- 
ward through the closed door of the car. He was quite badly cut 
about the face and head by falling glass, and was very seriously 
bruised on the hip, leg, and foot, and it is probable that his life 
was saved only by the fact that he was standing in front of the door, 
otherwise he would have probably been crushed against the end 
of the car. Wells was at once taken to a hospital, where for a time 
his recovery seemed doubtful, but he soon began to show signs of 
improvement, however, and, although he suflFered greatly for a time, 
he was well out of danger and was able to sit up in less than four 
weeks. At the time of his accident Wells was making arrangements 
to move from Quincy to Birmingham, Ala., where he had accepted 
the position of general superintendent and chief engineer of the 
Hardie-Tynes Manufacturing Company, a firm building engines, 
hoisting apparatus, air compressors, and general machinery. It is 
understood that he will go to Birmingham as soon as his injuries 
will permit. 

Frederic H. Fay, Sec.y 60 City Hall, Boston, Mass. 

Pearl-hunting with the X-ray, an invention of John I. Solomon 
('93), is a process which promises to not only revolutionize the pearl 
fishing industry, but will probably be the means of preserving the 
pearl oyster, which to-day is rapidly becoming extinct. So impor- 
tant is Solomon's invention that a paper describing it presented by 
him before the International Fishery Congress in Washington last 
September, and entitled **A Process for Preserving Pearl Oyster 
Fisheries and for Increasing the Value of the Yield of Pearls There- 
from," was awarded, by the International Jury of Awards, the 
prize offered by the New York Academy of Sciences "for the con- 
tribution not entered in competition for any other award, which 
shall be judged to have the greatest practical value to the fisheries 
or fish culture." From earliest times pearls have been obtained 
from the pearl-bearing oyster by naked diving, and. so long as this 
was the only means employed, the supply of pearl oysters remained 
abundant, for only the shallow depths were reached, and these were 

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News from the Classes I2I 

worked in a hap-hazard manner. With the introduction of mod- 
cm diving apparatus, however, the old natural beds have been com- 
pletely stripped, and others at greater depths, formerly inaccessible, 
are being depleted in the same way. The Europeans formerly 
engaged in the business are seeking other occupations, and to-day 
most of the pearl fisheries of Eastern waters, with the exception 
of Ceylon and the Persian Gulf, are in the hands of the Japanese 
and Chinese, who are the only people willing to work for the meagre 
returns which the business pays. The statement has been freely 
made in the past few years by prominent dealers of Europe and 
America, that no large pearls would ever-again come to market 
except those in the possession of European magnates and potentates, 
who would be induced to part with heirlooms, possessed in their 
families for generations, by the extravagant prices offered. Up 
to the time of Solomon's invention, all of the fished oysters had to 
be killed before it could be discovered whether or not they bore 
pearls, and the idea of conserving the pearl oyster business and 
solving the problem of seeking pearls and shells by any method 
other than the ruthless destruction of the natural beds seems 
never to have entered the minds of those engaged in the industry. 
Ninety per cent, of these oysters have no pearls whatever, and of 
the remaining ten per cent, only a small portion have pearls of size 
to be of real market value. Solomon conceived the idea of utiliz- 
ing the X-ray for preventing the losses and wastes of present pearl- 
ing methods and for increasing the yield of fine pearls. Briefly 
stated, his invention consists in exposing the oysters to the X-ray, 
by which process the life of the oyster is uninjured. The ninety 
per cent, which have no pearls are returned to the sea in the hope 
that they may be inoculated with the pearl-inducing cestode, or 
that they will at least propagate the kind and maintain the num- 
ber of oysters growing on the banks. Of the remainder those 
only are selected which are found to have pearls of large size. The 
others in which the pearls are in the formative process are put into 
special beds, and carefully guarded and examined from time to time 
until their pearls have become of sufficient size for the market. 
To successfully carry out the work, it is necessary to make X-ray 
exposures from a large area in order to examine a suflficient number 
of oysters at an exposure, this area being much larger than had 
been before attempted or required in the field of surgery. Solomon 
succeeded in devising a special apparatus by which the oysters 
are arranged in trays, and are radiographed upon a photographic 
plate, the tray being identified by means of a metallic number or 
other distinguishing mark, which will show on the plate when the 

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latter is developed. The tray of oysters is left undisturbed until 
the plate has been developed, when those oysters in which pearls 
are indicated upon the plate may be separated from the rest. Solo- 
mon organized the International Pearl Company of New York, 
Ceylon, and Burmah, of which he is president. In 1907 he went 
to Ceylon; and, upon the Island of Ipantivu, in the north-western 
province, near the famous pearl fishery of the Gulf of Manaar, he 
built a plant at an expense of ^$50,000 for carrying on the work. 
This plant has fulfilled all expectations, and has successfully proved 
the possibility of radiographing pearl-bearing oysters on a com- 
mercial scale, thereby disclosing the pearls without injuring in 
any way the oysters. Solomon came to the United States last fall, 
and intends to return to Ceylon this winter. Providence permitting, 
he expects to come back to this country again in a year or so, al- 
though he says: "I may not come back. I take great risks, but, as it 
is all in a day's work, I keep at it." — ^Arthur Farwell is well known 
throughout this country and across the sea as an ardent advocate 
of a distinctive American music. Mention has previously been 
made in the Review of his remarkable musical researches among 
the Indians of our western country and of Central America. A 
great many Indian melodies and songs have been harmonized by 
him and preserved for all time in his own compositions, and to pub- 
lish these and other distinctively American music Farwell founded 
the Wa-Wan press at Newton Centre, Mass., in 1901. This unique 
organization is for the purpose of studying out a rational basis 
for a characteristic American music, and it publishes the works of 
authors expressing such worthy originality. In connection with 
this work Farwell maintains at his residence in Newton Centre 
a home for students of music where the student is not only taught 
to study music, but lives in a delightful musical atmosphere. Far- 
well is constantly composing songs and orchestral works, and gives 
lecture recitals upon subjects such as "Music and Myth of the 
American Indian" and "A National American Music." He is a 
frequent contributor to magazines, and has recently published an 
article in the Atlantic Monthly on "Society and American Music"; 
and he has an article in the December Review of Reviews on "The 
Movement for American Music." He is a regular correspondent 
for Musical America, published in New York. As a result of sev- 
eral years' work, Farwell has organized The American Music 
Society, which has centres in a dozen American cides, whose object 
is the study and performance of works by American composers 
and the study of American folk-music. The Boston centre was 
formed four years ago, and this last year a large New York centre 

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News from the Classes 123 

has been formed, which is to give three concerts this season. Far- 
well is president of the national organization and of the Boston 
centre, while David Bispham is president of the New York centre. 
In the comparatively few years since his return from European 
study, Farwell has achieved a unique and notable reputation in the 
musical circles of Europe as well as this country, and apparently 
he is as yet only at the beginning of a most brilliant career. — John O. 
Ames distinguished himself by some remarkable work in the lawn 
tennis singles tournament of the Longwood Cricket Club last July. 
His most notable achievement was his defeat of Robert LeRoy 
of New York, challenger in the national tourney at Newport io 
1907, after LeRoy almost had the match in his grasp. With each 
having two sets to his credit, LeRoy led on the fifth by five games 
to two, when the tide turned and Ames began a dogged, determined 
play, mustering all his ebbing strength into his lightning strokes; 
and, as game after game was called in his favor, the gallery began 
to applaud the pluck and perseverance of the state champion of 
Rhode Island. LeRoy never got another game after he had won 
five in the fifth set, Ames winning the set and the match. — E. B. 
Carney writes that the Lowell Institution for Savings, of which he 
is treasurer, was the first savings institution in Massachusetts to 
take advantage of the statute passed last spring allowing savings 
banks to establish branch depots for the receipt of deposits. Carney 
S2Lys: — 

Through the kindness of J. C. Abbot and C. G. Sargent (both '93 
men) we take deposits at Forge Village and Graniteville at the faaories 
there once every week, and the operatives seem to appreciate the chance 
to save. Some one from the bank goes up there on the afternoon of pay- 
day, and the results are really astonishing. 

—William W. Crosby was engineering expert for the defend- 
ants in the famous "Mercerizing Suits" in which a decision in the 
defendants' favor was rendered last summer by Judge Lowell in 
the United States Circuit Court at Boston. The mercerizing proc- 
ess, which was discovered over half a century ago, was much im- 
proved in the eighdes and many manufacturers were using it freely. 
Certain patents were taken out in the nineties, and suits brought 
against the manufacturers as infringing these last patents. Crosby 
did a large amount of research work for the defendants, covering 
several years, and was one of the expert witnesses. As a result of 
the decision, the process is now free to all manufacturers. Crosby 
is associated with F. W. Dean, mill engineer and architect, 53 State 
Street, Boston. — Herbert N. Dawes, vice-president of the Night- 

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124 The Technology Review 

ingale & Childs Company and secretary of the Dominion Asbestos 
Company, Ltd., writes: — 

I have gone into another business as a side issue, that of raising fruit 
down in Porto Rico. I am president of the Cerro Gordo Fruit Company 
of San Juan, Porto Rico, and Boston. Our plantations are at Bayamon, 
Porto Rico, about seven miles from San Juan on the Mayaguez-Aricebo 
military road. We expect to have our first crop of pineapples and grape- 
fruit shipped north next spring and summer. We shall put up a pine- 
apple canning factory at Bayamon, probably in 1909. I spent the month 
of March, 1908, on the island, and was impressed with the possibilities 
there in the fruit business as well as in other agricultural lines. The soil, 
climate, and labor conditions are ideal. 

— Philip B. Day is the southern sales agent for the automobile 
department of Studebaker Brothers Manufacturing Company of 
Chicago, his address being P.O. Box, 327, Memphis, Tenn. — J. W. 
Ellms writes: — 

The new Cincinnati Filtration Plant is located about eight miles above 
the city. I have been superintendent of this plant ever since it was started 
in October, 1907. It is a very large plant, having a capacity of 112 mill- 
ion gallons of filtered water per day, and is unusually well equipped. Several 
new depanures in filter construction were made in designing and building 
this plant, one or two of the most radical of them being based upon experi- 
mental investigations which I had myself carried out. These changes 
have proved phenomenally successful, which, of course, is not a source of 
sorrow to me personally. The citizens of Cincinnati are just as proud of 
their clear, pure water supply as they are of the new President-elect, which 
is saying a good deal. 

— ^The address of William B. Gamble is 31 Home Bank Building, 
Detroit, Mich. — Edward M. Hagar, president of the Universal 
Portland Cement Company of Chicago, writes in response to the 
secretary's inquiry: — 

I have been so exceedingly busy that I have little news to give you of 
any other Tech man, and I can only say that I have succeeded in running 
all our plants full during the last year, and am now engaged in spending 
^2,400,000 increasing our Pittsburg plant from 4,000 barrels to 10,000 
barrels a day. When this extension is completed, we shall have a total 
output of 23,000 barrels a day or 8,000,000 per annum, which is one-sixth 
of the entire output of the country. As you probably remember, my brother- 
in-law, E. D. Barry C95), is superintendent of our Pittsburg plant, and has 
charge of the construction of the addition. 

— ^Frederick H. Howland, who last year was engaged in the business 

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News from the Classes 125 

of planter at Los Palacios, Pinar del Rio, Cuba, gives his new 
address as 15 South Street, Baltimore, Md., and his occupation 
that of fanner. — Simeon C. Keith, Jr., chemist and industrial biol- 
ogist, has moved his office from 15 Ashburton Place to 88 Broad 
Street, Boston, Mass. — Ervin Kenison, for many years instructor 
in mechanical drawing and descriptive geometry at the Institute, 
has this fall been promoted to an assistant professorship. — ^W. T. 
Knowlton, president of the Technology Club of Southern Cali- 
fornia, has an interesting letter under the news of that club, else- 
where in this number, in which he speaks of the club's annual 
meeting, which was about to be held on the top of Mount Wilson. 
Professor George E. Hale ('90), in charge of the Mount Wilson 
observatory, containing the world's largest telescope, was to enter- 
tain the club at a banquet; and the party was to include Gaylord, 
Knowlton, and F. H. Merrill, of '93. Knowlton is the Tech 
representative upon the executive committee of the New England 
College Club which has recently been formed in Los Angeles. A 
daughter arrived in Knowlton 's family in the early fall. He has 
one other child, a daughter of nine years. — Harry N. Latey is a 
member of the firm of Latey & Slater, consulting engineers, 100 
Broadway, New York, N.Y. — John W. Logan has been promoted 
to the position of assistant general manager of the steel works 
department, Alan Wood Iron and Steel Company, Conshohocken, 
Pa. — Frederic W. Lord writes, "I am the very properly proud 
father of twin daughters, bom Jan. 19, 1908." These young ladies 
are the Misses Anne Kirkham and Mary Kirkham Lord. — B. M. 
Mitchell is president of the Conveying Weigher Company, 90 West 
Street, New York, engineer for the Manhattan Rubber Manu- 
facturing Company of Passaic, N. J., and engineer of tests for the 
New York Lubricating Oil Company, New York. — On September 
30 Henry A. Morss accompanied Charles J. Glidden on the latter's 
twenty-first balloon ascension, which was made from Springfield, 
Mass., at 2.35 p.m. in the balloon "Boston." The flight was a 
beautiful one as the balloon sailed away from the city toward Chico- 
pee. The atmospheric conditions were perfect, except that ade- 
quate wind was lacking. During the afternoon Mr. Glidden tried 
from 400 feet to 3,450 feet in an attempt to find an air current which 
would carry the balloon in some direction, it mattered little where. 
There was some little wind at 3,200 feet and more at 1,200 feet, 
and this was finally tried with the result that the balloon went 
toward Granby from Holyoke. As it approached Granby, Mr. 
Glidden decided to descend, and he therefore dropped the balloon 
until the drag ropes were trailing on the ground. This fact caused 

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126 The Technology Review 

a landing sooner than expected, however, for the drag ropes wrapped 
themselves around a barbed-wire fence, and lifted it out of the 
ground for a distance of about thirty feet. Mr. Glidden called 
to a crowd of boys, who were following the balloon, to get the ropes 
from the fence so that the balloon could rise again, but they could 
not free the ropes, and the gas bag soon descended. As it touched 
the ground, the boys, who had gathered, grabbed it, and carried it 
along, the gas in the balloon supporting most of the weight. At 
the request of Mr. Glidden they carried the basket several hun- 
dred feet to the top of a hill where there was an open space, and 
there Mr. Glidden pulled the rip cord and the gas left the bag. 
In a short time the bag was packed away in the basket and stored 
in a neighboring bam, and Mr. Glidden and Morss returned to 
Springfield in an automobile which had followed them all the after- 
noon. Morss is enthusiastic over this his first ascension. Not 
content with his victories on the sea in the schooner yacht "Der- 
vish," the flagship of the Corinthian Yacht Club fleet, of which 
club he is commodore, it is reported that Morss is to make other 
ascensions until he receives the certificate of the Aero Club as a 
pilot of the air. — ^William S. Resor has left the Chicago Telephone 
Company to take up the manufacture of automobiles in Chicago. 
His address is 435 South Humphrey Avenue, Oak Park, 111. — ^Henry 
L. Rice is president of the Illinois Gas Association. A paper written 
by Rice on "High Pressure Gas Distribution," presented at a 
recent meeting of the American Gas Institute, was awarded the 
Beal medal which is yearly oflFered by the Institute for the best 
technical paper. Rice is general manager of the Western United 
Gas and Electric Company of Aurora, 111. — Howard L. Rogers 
resigned in September as captain of A Battery, ist Battalion, Field 
Artillery, M. V. M., in which organization he had served for nine 
years in all grades up to that of captain. Rogers is vice-president 
and treasurer of the Stone & Webster Engineering Corporation, 
147 Milk Street, Boston, Mass. — Charles M. SpofFord, professor 
of civil engineering at the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn, N.Y., 
spent the whole of the past summer with other engineers in the 
investigation of the strength of the new Blackwell's Island bridge 
over the East River, New York, which is one of the heaviest bridges 
in existence. Spofford and Mr. C. W. Hudson were associated 
with Boiler and Hodge, who made a report upon the structure to 
the commissioner of bridges, and SpofFord and Mr. Hudson devel- 
oped independently the formulae by which the stresses in this huge 
and indeterminate structure were computed. They had charge 
of the calculations of the stresses in the bridge trusses, and the 

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News from the Classes 127 

results of their work were published in the Engineering News of 
Nov. 12 and 19, 1908, and form a valuable contribution to the 
literature of cantilever bridges. SpofFord has opened a consulting 
office in the Hamburg American Building (45 Broadway, New 
York), where he carries on consulting work in addition to his work 
of teaching at the Polytechnic Institute. — John F. Tomfohrde, at- 
tomey-at-law, has moved his office to 25 Main Street, Charlestown, 
Mass. His home address is 19 Fenwick Street, Somerville, Mass. — 
S. P. Waldron, engineer with the American Bridge Company, has 
moved his office from 42 Broadway to 30 Church Street, New 
York City. Waldron's home address is 107 North Maple Avenue, 
East Orange, N.J. — ^At the annual convention of street railway 
interests at Atlantic City last October, Robert N. Wallis, of Fitch- 
burg, Mass., treasurer of the Fitchburg & Leominster Street Rail- 
way, was elected president of the American Street and Interurban 
Railway Accountants' Association. This is an active organization 
with a membership covering the whole country, Canada, and various 
American dependencies. The office of president of the Accountants' 
Association carries with it ex-officio membership upon the executive 
committee of nine of the larger and parent organization known 
as the American Street and Interurban Railway Association. Last 
year Wallis was first vice-president, and, because of the resignation 
of the president, acting president, of the Accountants' Association. 
— George M. York has been promoted from assistant engineer to 
assistant general superintendent of plant, American Telephone and 
Telegraph Company, 15 Dey Street, New York, N.Y. 

Prof. S. C. Prescott, Sec.^ Mass. Inst, of Tech., Boston, Mass. 

The selection of W. H. King as a candidate for the Corporation 
as one of the term members is most gratifying to his old friends 
and classmates. His record since leaving the Institute has been 
such as would distinctly fit him for this important position. — J. N. 
Ferguson is now located at 12 Bridge Street, East Cambridge, in 
charge of important work in connection with the new Charles River 
Basin. — A. R. Mackay spent a portion of the summer in Boston. 
He is now mining engineer for I. M. Taylor & Co., engaged with 
Hutchinson ('92) in the examination and development of ore prop- 
erties. A short time ago Mackay left for Arizona, where he is now 
in charge of an important mine, but it is possible that he will be 
back in Boston in time for the reunion in June.— W. O. Scott has 

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made an enviable reputation in the service of the city of Providence 
as milk inspector, and as a result of his labors there has been a great 
improvement in the milk supply of the city. — H. F. Ripley has 
deserted the bachelors. In September he was married to Miss 
Gladys Amelia Budgell, of West Somerville. Ripley is much in- 
terested in politics, has for several years been chairman of the 
Republican Town Committee in Hingham, and is also assistant sec- 
retary of the State Committee. These duties, in addition to his wool 
business, keep him busily occupied; but he still seems to remember 
his old friends. — S. G. Reed, president of the German-American 
Bank of Portland, Ore., is in the East, combining a business trip 
with a visit to his old home and associates. He expressed sur- 
prise and great interest at the development of the Institute since 
he left Boston, and also spoke highly of the regard for the Institute 
in the far West. Ninety-four is sure to be well represented at the 
reunion in June. As it is our own fifteenth anniversary, a celebra- 
tion of that event will be in order, as well as attendance at the gen- 
eral reunion affairs. As soon as the plans for the general reunion 
are formulated, a central "committee," consisting of all those pres- 
ent at the dinner last June and a few other local representatives, 
will take up the matter of a special class celebration. It is hoped 
that we may have a day together at least, and indulge in the games 
and other forms of enjoyment that characterized the undergrad- 
uate days. The secretary would be very glad to receive sugges- 
tions as to what can be done; and, as this number of the Review 
goes to all members of the class whose addresses are known, op- 
portunity is taken to advise all '94 men as to the reunion and to 
urge their attendance. — R. S. Weston has recently published a long 
and very important paper on the "Occurrence of Iron in Waters 
and its Removal." The paper will appear in parts in the Journal 
of the American Society of Civil Engineers, — D. C. Chaffee was 
recently heard from at his old home in Shelby ville, Ind. — F. C. 
Green is president of the Commercial Engineering Company, 2 
Rector Street, New York city. 

Charles H. Parker, Sec.y 39 Boylston Street, Boston, Mass. 

The secretary sincerely hopes the other members of the class 
have been as busy as he has been. If they have, they haven't had 
time to grumble at the weather or anything else. It is hoped to 
start the monthly dinners at the Tech Club in Boston in January, 

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News from the Classes 129 

and notices will be sent later to the near-by members of the date. 
Monday, the i8th, seems like a good time, and any out of town mem- 
bers likely to be here at that time should let the secretary know in 
advance, if possible, but, if they cannot do that, come anyway. Re- 
cent changes of address: J. Winfield Cook, Chico, Butte County, 
Cal. — Fred B. Cutter, Diehl Manufacturing Company, 128 
Essex Street, Boston, Mass. — Fred W. Draper, care Poklewsky- 
Kosell, Ekaterinburg, Department of Perm, Russia. — Milton L. 
Fish, 33 Ketchum Place, Buffalo, N.Y.— William P. Robins, 29 
East 28th Street, New York, N.Y. — Frank B. Sherman, 205 La 
Salle Street, Chicago, 111. — Alfred L. Simmons, Resident Engineers' 
Office, Cutler Building, Rochester, N.Y. — E. L. Wengren, 57 
Exchange Street, Portland, Me. 

Prof. Charles E. Locke, SeCy Mass. Inst, of Tech., Boston, Mass. 

Professor Bradley Stoughton is severing his connection with 
Columbia School of Mines in order to give his undivided attention 
to his commercial work, in which he is associated with Professor 
Henry M. Howe, the eminent authority on iron and steel. — Mr. 
M. A. Sears is spending the winter in Boston, being engaged in 
special work in the mining laboratory at the Institute. He still main- 
tains his office in New York. — Dr. J. Arnold Rockwell has just an- 
nounced that he will offer for competition the Rockwell challenge 
cup as a trophy for Institute runners. This trophy is to be held 
permanently by the man who wins it each year, which means that 
Dr. Rockwell is prepared to furnish annually a new cup for com- 
petition. The class of '96 will be interested to learn that Dr. Rock- 
well's record for the "quarter-mile" still stands unbroken at the In- 
stitute. — The writer received a call from Morton C. Tuttle, who was 
with us in our early years and later went to Dartmouth. He is sec- 
retary of the Aberthaw Construction Company at 8 Beacon Street, 
Boston. He has been making a study of the use of concrete and 
steel in mining work. — Joe Knight has sent out announcements 
of the formation of a partnership with Charles A. Snow under the 
firm name of Snow & Knight, with law offices located at 50 Ames 
Building, Boston. — Congressman Butler Ames has figured exten- 
sively in the newspapers this fall, first because he received the 
nomination for Congress from both the Republicans and from Demo- 
crats, the last not without some.oppqsition, however. The latest re- 
port from him is that he has constructed an aeroplane, and experi- 

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130 The Technology Review 

mented upon it at the links of the Longmeadow Golf Club in Lowell, 
Mass. It is still in the experimental stage, but it is reported that the 
tests so far have been satisfactory . — Frank E. Guptill, who has just 
returned from working in the Philippines for two years in connection 
with White & Co., of New York, was in Boston early in December 
for a brief visit, and made a call upon some of his old friends. 

John Arthur Collins, Sec.^ 67 Thomdyke Street, Lawrence, Mass. 

Albert E. Kimberley was married on November 19 to Miss Helen 
Price, of Bryden Road, Columbus, Ohio. Mr. Kimberley is engaged 
in special experimental work in water filtration for the Ohio State 
Board of Health.— Walter B. Russell, formerly with the New York 
Central Lines as superintendent of apprentices, is now the director 
at the Franklin Union, Boston, Mass. — ^Edwin S. Dodge is at pres- 
ent located at the Villa Curonia, Acetri, Florence, Italy. — H. D. 
Jackson (VI.) is about completing the manuscript for a book to 
be published by a well-known New York publishing house, early 
next year. The exact ride has not as yet been fixed, but the 
text relates to electric railways. — C. B. Breed (L) has been 
assisting Mr. Jackson by reading the copy. — Wilfred Bancroft 
(IL) is general sales manager for the Lanston Monotype Machine 
Company of Philadelphia. — ^The secretary understands that this 
issue of the Review is to be sent to every former student of the 
Institute, so far as possible. This means that many will receive 
a copy who have never communicated with the class secretary 
or perhaps have never had a communication from him. This is 
not strange, as the majority of the class do not reply to notices, 
etc. It is this fact that for several years has blocked and made 
impossible the issuing of a class directory that will be of any value. 
In view of the fact of the coming reunion in 1909, let every man 
who reads these words and who ever was connected with '97 
send a note to the secretary, giving his address, his employment, 
if married, to whom, and family, if any. He would like to make 
this colunm full of news every issue, but gathering items of interest 
from men scattered all over the country is difficult, unless he can 
get co-operation from the men themselves. The above applies to 
all, but particularly to those who were with us but for a year or 

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News from the Classes 131 

Prof. C.-E. A. Winslow, Sec.^ 157 Walnut Street, Brookline, Mass. 

Bodwell was married on the evening of Thursday, October i, 
to Miss Henrietta Hilbert Harrison, daughter of Dr. and Mrs. 
Henry Hilbert Harrison, at 81 South Front Street, Wheeling, W. Va. 
— Strickland is now with the American Radiator Company as 
mechanical engineer, at the Detroit plant, under E. A. Sumner C97), 
manager, and Anthony ('98), who is superintendent. The combina- 
tion ought to make things warm. — ^The Sewa.rd (Alaska) Gateway 
of Aug. I, 1908, had the following reference to Pillsbury: "Dawson: 
Major W. R. Richardson, in charge of road construction in Alaska, 
and Captain Pillsbury, assistant to the major, passed through Daw- 
son, on the 'Sarah,' bound for the lower Yukon. Major Rich- 
ardson goes to Nome, and Captain Pillsbury will stop at Circle. 
George Pulham is at Circle, in charge of the road work in that 
district. Captain Pillsbury will sever his connection with the road 
commission shortly, to go to West Point, where he will be an instruc- 
tor. He enjoys the honor of having the highest general average 
of any student that ever passed through West Point in the engi- 
neering course." — Peckham writes as follows from the F. W. Wool- 
worth Company Five and Ten Cent store, 1020-1024 Market Street, 
Philadelphia: "Enclosed please find $z for copy of class book 
just received. It is the first one I have had, and I shall certainly 
wish to have it come to me each year. Shall also be glad to fur- 
nish a little more information concerning the writer. Although I 
did not finish out with the boys of '98, I have made good in the 
business world. I have now the management of one of the four 
largest stores in our syndicate of more than two hundred, and my 
present address is Philadelphia, where future communications may 
be sent." — SteflFens writes from Johnson City, Tenn., where he is at 
work on the construction of the Carolina, Clinchfield & Ohio 
Railway: "I am glad to receive copy of the class book for this 
year. The committee deserve the thanks of all for the time and 
thought spent in compiling and publishing this valuable informa- 
tion. I read with much interest what our fellows are doing, and 
the general average may be considered as fairly high. Those of 
our class who hover around the shadow of the old buildings cannot 
appreciate the enjoyment of the distant ones in reading of the suc- 
cesses of the old familiar names. We are busier than ever now, 
trying to open this new road at the earliest possible date. When we 
are actually operating over the wonderful line, in and out and through 

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132 The Technology Review 

mountains, I hope that you may be able to pay us a visit. This 
climate is truly splendid." — ^The first informal reunion for the winter 
was held at the new Tech Union on Trinity Place on the night 
after Thanksgiving. Humphrey gave his famous lantern talk 
about the opening of the Cherokee strip in Oklahoma. Hum- 
phrey, by the by, had a capital article on "Automobile Selfishness" 
in the November Atlantic Monthly. — Godfrey's novel, "The Man 
who ended War," was among the "six best sellers" in Boston 
during the early weeks of December. — Cotter was married Tuesday, 
November 17, at Melrose, Mass., to Miss Lavinia Wilson Small- 
wood, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Smallwood. Mr. and 
Mrs. Cotter will be at home on Wednesdays after February 15 at 
12 Harvard Street, Somerville. — Long sends a change of address to 
49 Butler Street, Kingston, Pa. — Franklin's address is now 181 
West 135th Street, New York city. '98 men will be sorry to know 
that on August 14 last he lost his youngest son, Gordon Ordway, 
aged one year and six days. — Priest sends a new address, 30 Church 
Street, New York city. — Allston Sargent has been very busy in the 
movement for a joint club-house for alumni of Amherst, Brown, 
Dartmouth, M. I. T., Wesleyan, and Williams in New York. He 
is chairman of the Joint Committee from the various alumni asso- 
ciations which has the matter in active charge. — At the second 
annual convention of the Illuminating Engineering Society, held 
at Philadelphia, October 5, 

Messrs. J. R. Cravath and V. R. Lansingh presented "The Calculation of 
Illumination by the Flux of Light Method." Their method, an adaptation 
of earlier proposals, depends primarily in finding the total flux of light 
thrown out, between certain limiting directions, by the light source with 
its shades, etc. The unit of luminous flux, the lumen, has been already 
defined as that passing from a i candle power source to an area of one 
square foot at a distance of i foot from the source. This area also has an 
illumination of one candle-foot. Average candle-feet may be determined by 
dividing total lumens received by the area in square feet. Total lumens 
emitted by a source are numerically equal to 12.57 times the mean spherical 
candle-power, from the relations of solid angles. The authors show graphi- 
cal means of easily finding the total lumens emitted by a source in the 
direction of the lighted area. This figure divided by that area gives the 
desired value of average illumination. The effect of ceilings and walls in 
reflecting light not thrown in the direction of the lighted area is neglected. — 
Engineering News. 

— H. W. Jones writes as follows from San Francisco, under date 
of November 20 : — 

I am just sending you a few bits of news of myself before leaving on a 

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News from the Classes 133 

tour around the globe. I was mighty sorry that circumstances prevented 
me from attending the reunion of the class this year. I know only too well 
what I missed, and, worst of all, it is missed forever, but we can't help 
those things once in a while. I am already planning to get there on the occa- 
sion of the 15th, — ^rather a long ways to look ahead. My brother also missed 
it, I see, as his name was not there, and it seems as if the Jones family fell 
down in patriotism; but, as I believe he sailed for Europe a day or so after 
the meeting, I presume he found it impossible to get there. 

A few months ago, when I was in Honolulu, I looked up Norman Watkins 
of '98, Course V., and we had a small reunion on the spot, even though 
there were only two of us. He took me around the country for several 
hours, and we passed a very pleasant day indeed. He seems to be doing 
very well, and is happy and contented. He sent his regards to all back 
in Boston in case I got there before he did. 

I leave here on the 5th of next month for a trip around the world, visiting 
China, Burmah, India, Ceylon, Egypt, Europe, and Broadway y New York! 
I expect to represent the army at the forthcoming meeting of the Bombay 
Medical Conference, and to read a paper there about the latter part of 
February. I am planning to pass some time with my younger sister in 
Germany (she has been there nearly three years now). Then I shall spend 
a few weeks in England with some friends, and expect to reach Boston 
about the first of June. After that I have to go to Washington for an 
examination for promotion, and then I don't know what will be the next 
step. I shall see you in June if all goes well and I am not lost over- 
board from some of the numberless "windjammers" and "limejuicers" I 
shall undoubtedly embark on during the next few months. 

— '98 men will greatly regret the sad news that Herbert F. Cobb 
(Course II.) died in Chicago on Wednesday, December 2, from 
typhoid fever. He was buried at Newton, December 6, Clifford, 
Coburn, and Blanchard being among the pall-bearers. Cobb was 
connected with King, Bridge & Co. in Chicago. He left a wife 
and one son, ten months old. 

Hervey J. Skinner, Sec, 93 Broad Street, Boston. 

Mr. and Mrs. John W. Woollctt are entertaining a new arrival 
at their home in Albany, N.Y., a young son, bom on December 5. — 
An interesting letter was recently received from James A. Patch, 
who is professor of chemistry in the Syrian Protestant College at 
Beirut, Syria. Patch writes of the conditions in that country as 
follows : — 

We are in a part of the world where things are doing nowadays. **Ha- 

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134 '^^^ Technology Review 

rccych " (liberty) is the great cry. We haven't yet become used to the new 
order of things. Daily newspapers sold on the street, telephones, free 
speech, no spies, — it isn't natural. A fine study in psychology was offered 
by the effect of the proclamation of liberty on the various peoples which 
make up the Turkish empire. Everywhere the most noticeable effect wat 
the renewal of amicable relations between the Moslems and Christians, 
who for more than three decades have been pitted against each other as a 
government policy. To see a Moslem sheik embrace a Christian bishop 
before the assembled multitude, and call him his brother, was a sight that 
some of us never expected to see. 

The coming months are going to be a period of severe testing for an 
empire which has been degenerating so long. Our sympathies are all with 
the Young Turks. There are sturdy men among them. Many we have 
come to admire by association with them. 

Last summer Patch was appointed as consulting chemist with a 
commission sent by the Board of Health of Constantinople to set- 
tle upon a suitable place for a quarantine station for retaining the 
returning Mecca pilgrims. The party travelled within one hundred 
and fifty miles of the sacred city of Medina and were among the 
first foreigners to penetrate that portion of Arabia undisguised. 
Patch has also designed a sewage filtration system for the college 
buildings. The system is the first thing of its kind in that part 
of the world. — Barry writes that he is still working in the Penn- 
sylvania Railroad tunnels under the North River. The com- 
pressed air work is done, and the concrete work is being pushed 
rapidly ahead. — Swan has returned to the Institute after a year's 
leave of absence. He has been taking up graduate work at Har- 
vard, and has received the degree of Master of Science. — Heckle 
was in town during the early part of November, visiting old acquaint- 
ances. — C. A. Smith, of Atlanta, Ga., is the happy father ot a son, 
bom Nov. 17, 1908. The young man bears the name Carol Mos- 
man Smith. — ^H. L. Morse called on his Boston friends recently. 
Morse, who is a first lieutenant in the Coast Artillery Corps, is still 
located at Fort McKinley, Portland (Me.) Harbor. — Rood is general 
manager of the Independent Powder Company of Missouri, and 
is located at JopHn, Mo. — Rickards has resigned his position as 
bacteriologist of the Boston Board of Health, and has gone to Colum- 
bus, Ohio, to take charge of the laboratory of the Ohio State Board 
of Health. Rickards has been very successful in Boston, and a 
high compliment was paid him by the efforts of the present board 
to retain him in Boston. His new work offers a much broader 
field, and in addition to the bacteriological laboratory he will have 
charge of another laboratory, devoted to water and sewage problems. 

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News from the Classes 135 

R. L. Williams, Sec.^ 30 Waban Hill Road, Chestnut Hill, Mass. 

Harold B. Wood is now manager of the Gifford Wood Com- 
pany at Hudson, N.Y. He was married in 1902, and has one child, 
William P. Wood, born in 1905. Wood has written a series of 
articles for a trade journal on "Modem Methods of Harvesting 
Ice." — ^W. Fred Davidson is located with the Pennsylvania Engineer- 
ing Works, New Castle, Pa. — ^A. W. Higgins may be found at St. 
Louis, Mo., where he is chief engineer of the E. H. Abadie Company. 
He has one daughter, bom March 10, 1907. — ^Mr. and Mrs. Charles 
Ripley, of Boston, have announced the engagement of their daughter. 
Miss Helen, to Mr. Frederick G. Clapp, formerly of the United States 
Geological Survey, but now senior partner in the firm of Clapp & 
Bee, Pittsburg, Pa. Clapp has been recently making an expert 
examination of oil and gas properdes for various companies in 
Pennsylvania and West Virginia. The firm has proved a success 
from the start. — ^W. J. Sweetser writes from Burlington, Vt. : — 

I am at present surrounded by the Green Mountains on the east and 
south, by Lake Champlain and the Adirondacks on the west, and by Lake 
Champlain and the Green Mountains on the north, and I am completely 
hemmed in by the M. E. students et al, in the University of Vermont. Pro- 
fessor Robinson, who is in charge of the department here, has taken a yearly 
leave of absence, and I have undertaken to keep the boys bu&y from other 
things while he is away. 

— "Mr. and Mrs. William Berry Hughes announce the marriage 
of their daughter Emma Jane to Mr. Norman Locke Skene on 
Wednesday, October the twenty-eighth, nineteen hundred and eight, 
Bedford, Massachusetts." — Chester N. Chubb is superintendent 
of the Sioux Falls Gas Light Company, South Dakota. — F. W. 
Freeman is general manager of the iEtna Woollen Mills. He is 
married and has two children. — John A. Trott is superintendent of 
the Riverside Boiler Works. — Francis B. Driscoll as traffic engi- 
neer for the American Telephone and Telegraph Company is kept 
busy outlining the traffic requirements for present and proposed 
types of equipment and standardizing the methods of operation 
of the Bell Telephone Companies throughout the United States 
and Canada. — ^The following changes in address have been received: 
Anthony W. Peters, care of L. N. Fornum Company, Dumner, 
Vt. — Charles E. Martin, 27 Hewins Street, Dorchester Centre, 
Mass. — H. Macneil, Box 54, Chipman, N.B. — E. P. Fleming, 

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136 The Technology Review 

Garfield Smelter, Garfield, Utah. — F. S. Clapp, 610 Fitzsimons 
Building, Pittsburg, Pa. 

F. H. Hunter, Sec^ 75 Park Street, West Roxbury, Mass. 

On the 19th of November an informal dinner of the class was 
held at the Hotel Plaza, Boston, with twenty-one men present. 
During the dinner there were songs, also a brief talk from the secre- 
tary upon the affairs of the class, and a very interesting word from 
"Doc.** Williams upon the new Tech Union and its effect upon 
the student life of the Institute. Williams urged all members of 
the class who could do so to drop into the Union for lunch or 
dinner, and see for themselves the good it is doing. After the 
table was cleared, there was a vaudeville entertainment, which 
was followed by songs and stories. Those present were Ames, 
Ballard, Chalifoux, Collier, Finneran, Hall, Hooker, Hunter, Mahar, 
M^nley, Mardick, Nickerson, Patch, Ritchie, Robinson, Jimmy 
Smith, Stillings, Trowbridge, Walker, Doc. Williams, and Bill 
Williston. — ^The number of weddings taking place among our 
class indicates a wave of prosperity. — E. S. Baker was married on 
October 21 to Miss Grace Bentley Lindley, of New Haven. Ned 
and his bride are making their home at 52 Shepard Avenue, East 
Orange, N.J. — Nickerson *s many friends were surprised to receive 
the announcement of his marriage, which took place upon the same 
day as Baker's. The now "Mrs. Nick" was Miss Florence Ger- 
trude Sawyer, of Boston. They will be glad to see their friends at 
108 Winthrop Road, Brookline. — Dick Reed is another member 
of the "Bachelors' Alliance" who has deserted. On November 9 
he wedded Miss Eleanor Wilde of Canton, Mass. The ceremony 
took place in Chicago, where the happy couple are now residing. — 
On November 18 Magrane married Miss Monica Markey, of 
Brooklyn. The wedding, which took place at the Church of St. 
Francis Xavier, was followed by a reception at the home of the 
bride's parents, 156 Eighth Avenue, Brooklyn. Mr. and Mrs. 
Magrane will reside at 63 Rawson Road, Brookline, Mass. — From 
Portland, Ore., MacNaughton reports the birth of a son, Boyd 
MacNaughton, who arrived last May. On the occasion of Dean 
Burton's recent visit to Oregon and Washington the Technology 
Club of Oregon was formed at Portland, and "Mac" and his part- 
ners, Raymond ('02) and Lawrence ('01), were actively interested. — 
Another '02 man should shortly be a member of this youngest 

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News from the Classes 137 

Technolo^ Club, for H. F. Daly, who has been in Wakefield, 
Mass., for the last two years, is returning to his former residence 
at Portland. His address after January i will be 222 Failing 
Building. On his way from Boston, Daly went through New 
Orleans, and took a side trip of nearly a month through Mexico. — 
H. E. Bartlett has left Boston for Washington, D.C., where his 
address is 1626 S Street. — Pember has moved his residence from 
Johnson City, Tenn., to Bristol, Va. He still maintains offices 
in both cities, and reports a growing business in both architectural 
and engineering lines. — Galaher reports a daughter born on Novem- 
ber 3. — ^The firm of Sherman & Edwards has dissolved partner- 
ship, Sherman going on at the same address. Edwards is shortly 
going to Jamaica for a few months to make some investigations 
in his line of work. — ^The engagement of Lowe to Miss Natalie 
Wells, of Fitchburg, was recently announced. — About the first of 
the year a general circular will be sent out from class headquarters, 
giving a report of class affairs up to date. 

Frederic A. Olmsted, Secy 93 Broad Street, Boston, Mass. 

The first informal reunion of the members of the class in the 
vicinity of Boston was held at the New Tech Union, Saturday even- 
ing, December 12. President Critchett, of the present Senior Class, 
was with us as our guest, and told us of the many changes that are 
now taking place among the undergraduates of the Institute. The 
evening was enlivened by many songs, and was the best yet. Nutter 
told of the work which is now in progress on the Class Record Book, 
and much interest was shown in the coming publication. The men 
present were: Aldrich, Atwood, Bartlett, Capelle, Clark, Comer, 
Cushman, Gleason, Gould, Loughlin, Mason, Newman, Nutter, 
Nyhen, Olmsted, A. P. Rice, and Swett. It was decided to have 
the next reunion on the evening of January 30, and Bartlett, Clark, 
and Gleason were appointed as a committee to have it in charge. — 
Swett and Yerxa spent the summer together in Europe. They 
went to Liverpool, London, Paris, up the Rhine to Switzerland, 
into Italy and to Venice, back through the Dolomites to Munich, 
Nuremberg, Berlin, and Holland, and then to England. They 
had a very enjoyable trip, and Swett says that it was hard to get 
Yerxa away from Paris. Yerxa is now with the Miami Copper 
Company at Globe, Ariz. — Hayden writes from the Philippines 
that he expects to remain there a couple of years longer, and sends 

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138 The Technology Review 

his regards to the fellows. He is now district engineer at Albay, 
Albay. — Gould is engineer with the New England Telephone and 
Telegraph Company in the Manchester (N.H.) district. — Gilker is 
with the same company as traffic chief of the Boston office. — Mears 
is now sales manager for the Ellis-Chalmers Company, with head- 
quarters in Dedham, Mass. He expects to be in Chicago until 
April. — Picard is president of the Picard-Law Company, consult- 
ing and analytical chemists, with office and laboratory at 231^ 
Marietu Street, Atlanta, Ga. — ^Hamilton is at present studying 
law in the New York Law School, having recently resigned from 
his position as first lieutenant in the United States Marine Corps — 
Babson is now vice-president of the H. and Rowe Calk Company, 
of Hartford, Conn. — Bacon is treasurer of the National Fruit 
Products Company, 35 Batterymarch Street, Boston. — H. S. Baker 
is assistant engineer in the subway division of the Bureau of Engi- 
neering in Chicago. — Barrows is now patent attorney with die 
United Shoe Machinery Company, Boston. — Fletcher is a techni- 
cal publicity writer in the sales department of Westinghouse Elec- 
tric and Manufacturing Company at East Pittsburg, Pa. — Fogg was 
married July 15 to Miss Katherine E. Knight. He is now an 
instructor in civil engineering at the Pennsylvania State College. — 
Foster made another change in October, when he left Covington, 
Ky., to assume the duties of superintendent of the Minneapolis 
Gas Light Company, Minneapolis, Minn. — Haskell has accepted 
a position as scientific assistant in the lighthouse service. He is 
located at Tompkinsville, N.Y. — Gaenslen took a position as 
assayer with the San Rita Mining Company, San Rita, N.M., 
September i. — C. F. Green is resident engineer with the Western 
Pacific Railway Company, at present located at Long Valley, Las- 
sen County, Cal. — ^Manahan is now engaged as milling engineer 
with the Milan Mining and Milling Company, West Mian, N.H. 
— ^Mulherin is in charge of the estimating department of the 
Vulcanite Paving Company, with offices in the Land Title Build- 
ing, Philadelphia. — Pulsifer is in business at 817 Oak Street, Kan- 
sas City, Mo., as a consulting mining engineer. — Sears was married 
October 27 to Miss Helen Jane McCarthy, and is now living at 6 
Brown Terrace, Jamaica Plain, Mass. Mr. and Mrs. Sears have 
the best wishes of the class for a happy partnership. — ^Tolman is 
now instructor in theoretical chemistry at the Institute. — Regan 
is head of the department of mathematics at the Charlestown (Mass.) 
High School. — ^Winchester is assistant manager of the Gabriel 
Concrete Reinforcement Company, 616 Penobscot Building, 
Detroit, Mich. — Work on the Class Record Book is now making 

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News from the Classes 139 

good progress, and the returns are coming in fairly well. By the 
time the Review is issued, the second call will have been sent out 
to all members of the class, and it is hoped that there will be a 
prompt response with information regarding many whose present 
locations are not known. — It is with deep regret that we have to 
announce the death of Claude P. Nibecker, who died in Pittsburg, 
November 10. The funeral was held in Westerly, R.I., Novem- 
ber 12. Nibecker's death was the direct result of a hemorrhage 
or lesion of the brain, but the real cause was overwork. He was 
the first secretary of the graduate organization, and his death will 
be greatly lamented by all. 


R. A. Wentworth, Sec.y Saylesville, R.I. 
M. L. Emerson, Res. Sec.y 161 Devonshire Street, Boston, Mass. 

A 1904 dinner was held at the new Tech Union on Thursday 
evening, December 3, under Sweetser's management. The fol- 
lowing men were present: Allbright, Chace, Elliott, Comstock, 
Galusha, Gerry, Hall, Haley, Hartshome, Haynes, Kalmus, Parker, 
Rockwood, Severy, Stebbins, Stevens, Sweetser, Tripp. Galusha 
gave quite a talk on his delightful European trip of last summer, 
which occupied several months. Kalmus and Comstock spoke 
very interestingly of their experiences in England and Germany in 
1905. Charlie Haynes did his duty at the piano. The reorgani- 
zation of the Alumni Association was discussed, and informal nomi- 
nations were made for class representative on the proposed council. 
It was agreed to have another dinner about the middle of February. 
Class dues (|i) for the year 1908-09 are now payable, which fact 
was the point of a circular letter sent to all '04 men on December 
7. If this letter has not yet reached you, it is because we have 
not your correct address. — Harry Stevens underwent an operation 
for appendicitis which kept him at home for two months, but he was 
able to get out to the recent dinner. — Severy is back in Boston with 
the Boston & Albany Railroad. His address is 201 Brighton Avenue, 
AUston. — ^Allbright is also in Boston with the J. R. Worcester Com- 
pany, 79 Milk Street. — ^Arthur Harrigan is recovering from a severe 
illness. His present address is " The Oaks," Windsor Park, Chicago. 
—According to The Techy "Mr. Comstock, of the Physics Depart- 
ment," was one of the ushers at a recent Cleofan reception. — 
Galusha is working on some electric railroads in Eastern Pennsylvania 

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140 The Technology Review 

for Stone & Webster. — Phinney has just become draughtsman in the 
signal department of the Chicago & Northwestern Railway at 
Chicago. He is living at 241 South Winchester Avenue, Chicago. — 
Joe Crowell is the proud father of a daughter, now a couple of 
months old. — P. M. Smith was married at Grosse Pointe Farms, 
Mich., on Wednesday, November 4, to Miss Alice May Schmidt. 
On the following Saturday they left New York for Dole (Jura), 
France, where Pret is to be permanently located with the American 
Radiator Company. — Letters from various classmates speak most 
enthusiastically of Dr. Maclaurin's election. In this connection 
Willard shouts (to his stenographer), "Long live the King!" 
— Holcombe writes from Washington: — 

There is no news. All the '04 men here are too well satisfied to leave 
and too busy to marry. Back in September, before Wright fell off his 
flying machine, all Tech men who knew Weaver had free transportation 
to Fort Myu: for the matinee, and during the campaign we were regaled 
with free lunches at Republican Headquarters, but, since the people ruled 
Bryan out, the Patent Office has been working overtime to keep up with 
prosperity and we haven't even followed the football scores. The Tech 
Qub is planning a blow-out for some time in January, when we hope to 
get Prexy-elect here to receive our assurances of esteem and confidence. 
All the fellows I have talked with are enthusiastic over the choice, and 
seem ready to back up with something more than cheers any move he may 
undertake for a bigger and better Tech. 

— P. M. Paine was in Boston a few days ago, just back from his 
forestry work in Denver. — ^New addresses are: Miss Eliza Codd, 
25 Chestnut Street, Boston. — George A. Curtis, 400 Ford Build- 
ing, Boston. — ^W. D. Estes, Box 1035, Hamilton, N.Y. — Reginald 
Hazeltine, Hub Foundry Company, 251 A Street, South Boston. — 
W. A. Kemper, Barge Canal Office, Triangle Building, Rochester, 
N.Y. — ^William C. Lounsbury, 1024 John Avenue, Superior, Wis. — 
Hubert Merryweather, care Walter G. Merryweather, Spokane, 
Wash. — R. B. Pendergast, Citizens' National Bank Building, Los 
Angeles, Cal. — Arthur O. Roberts, Manchester, N.H. — Clark D. 
Simonds, Manchester, Vt. — F. N. Turgeon, Juragua Iron Com- 
pany, Firmeza, Cuba. — ^The result of a remarkable experiment 
made by Dr. Kalmus has attracted considerable attention all over 
the country. A patient having a sore that was diagnosed as lupus 
was treated by him with ultra violet light in collaboration with 
Boston physicians. The sore had been unaffected by ordinary 
forms of treatment available, including X-rays and surgery, 
and it was greatly increasing in size. A complete cure was 
effected by Dr. Kalmus's treatment, and another patient suflFering 

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News from the Classes 141 

from the same disease is now being treated in one of the Boston 
hospitals. Dr. Kalmus is extending his experiment further, and 
is attempting to determine the effect caused by varying the metals 
between which the spark is produced, and in determining the wave 
length of the light that produced this effect and the chemistry of 
the changes brought about. 

Grosvenor D*W. Marcy, Sec, 246 Summer Street, Boston, Mass. 

On October i William Green and Miss Ruth Churchill, of 
Lowell, were married. — Thomas Shaw and Miss Ada Foster 
Kennedy were married at Plymouth, Mass., on October 8. — Preston 
Morris Smith and Miss Alice May Schmidt were married at Grosse 
Pointe Farms, Mich., on November 4. They have gone to Dole 
(Jura), France, where Pret is to be with the Compagnie Nationale 
des Radiateurs, or the foreign manufacturing department of the 
American Radiator Company. — ^William H. Beers, Jr., reports the 
arrival of William H., the third, with an avoirdupois of twelve 
pounds. Beers, who is biologist in charge of the Columbia (S.C.) 
filtration plant, wants to know what the population of the class is 
now at this present moment. This is a hard thing to determine, 
but we can safely say that the yearly increase is still increasing 
yearly. We will take a baby census at the big reunion next June, 
where special auto-go-carts will be provided for their accommoda- 
tion. — Herman Eisele has gone into business with Juengling ('06), 
as mechanical and structural designers, the name of the concern 
being Eisele & Juengling, Century Building, Cleveland, Ohio. — 
Chester Butman is studying theoretical physics and advanced 
mathematics at Clark University, Worcester, Mass., and reports 
that he is enjoying the work very much. — ^William H. Keen is head 
chemist with the Firth-Sterling Steel Company, Washington, D.C. — 
John Ayer is at Rumford Falls, Me., working on a new mill for the 
International Paper Company. — H. C. Mitchell is instrument man 
at Tupper Lake, N.Y., for the New York State Water Supply 
Commission. — Harry Nabstedt is superintendent of construction 
with the Ambursen Hydraulic Construction Company, and has 
just returned from Woodstock, Vt., where he has been building a 
storage reservoir dam, 265 feet long and 25 feet high, of reinforced 
concrete. — ^Walter A. Clarke spent his vacation in the Maine woods, 
where he succeeded in bagging two deer. One of them was a little 
one, however, according to Stebbins, who also comes from Fore 

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142 The Technology Review 

River, and he put it back. Early in December Clarke accepted a 
position as estimator with the Maryland Steel Company, Sparrows 
Point, Md., and upon leaving was given a surprise farewell dinner 
by sixteen of the Fore River fellows, at Bova's. — Alden Merrill 
and Bill Spalding made a trip in October from Buffalo to the copper 
mines at Houghton and Calumet, Mich., on an ore boat. Bill 
wrote: — 

The copper country is certainly a wonderful place. You wander into 
'most any building, and find it crowded up to the eaves with a great giant of 
an engine, bigger than you ever dreamed of before; you look down a shaft, 
and are told it is over a mile deep; you visit a stamp-mill, and your head 
swims at the figures given you about the tonnage, gallons of water pumped, 
etc. Coming home, we were remarkably fortunate in the weather we had 
and in escaping from the schemes of the negro cook, who was trying to 
kill us by stuffing us to death with good things. On board one gets bit 
by the sleep habit, and I'm too lazy to attempt to write more now. Besides, 
I only had twelve hours' sleep last night, and my after-breakfast nap was 
cut short by the dinner bell, so I must begin to catch up a little on this sleep 

— ^The secretary had a short note from Bill Motter, who had just got 
back to Orogrande, N.M., after being out two and a half months 
in the Sacramento Mountains on a location survey. — R. D. Far- 
rington, member of the Massachusetts bar, has left the United 
Shoe Machinery Company, and has opened a law office on State 
Street. — Doc Lewis, in the new Industrial Research Laboratory, is 
trying to find out what makes tin plate rust, or, rather, what will 
make it not rust. — Andrew Fisher is with the Amoskeag Manu- 
facturing Company at Manchester, N.H. — ^The engagement has 
been announced of Miss Marion Keene Tufts, of West Medford, to 
George W. Perry. — ^Arthur C. Long is now with the Marquette, 
Mich., plant of the E. I. du Pont de Nemours Powder Co. — 
Leonard T. Bushnell writes from Seattle, Wash., where he is secre- 
tary of the Mill Owners' Sprinkler Company: — 

Dean Burton was through here a week ago, and stirred us all up to a 
high pitch of enthusiasm about the Institute, and more particularly the big 
reunion next June. I hope that we will be able to get ail the 1905 men 
together. Be sure and save a place for me, as I am [coming if I bavi to 

— Catch this spirit, come yourself, and urge other men who may 
be in doubt to come. If possible plan to go on the '05 Camping 
Trip, arrangements for which are being made. Also, '05 man, if 
you happen to have a Tech man for a boss, put your name on the 

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News from the Classes 143 

vacation schedule early. — Arthur J. Amberg and Miss Marguerite 
Elizabeth Brosseau were married on October 14 in Chicago. They 
will be at home after January 6, at 15 15 Montrose Boulevard, 
Chicago, 111. — Edward A. Barrier and Miss Isa Duvey, of North 
Cambridge, were married November 24. Barrier is with the Fac- 
tory Mutual Fire Inspection Company, 31 Milk Street, Boston. — 
When the fall cross country handicap 8-miIe race was held at the 
Institute, December 5, E. H. Lorenz came up from Hartford to run 
with the boys. He proved that he was still in good shape by finishing 
within 44 3-5 seconds of the previous record, which he made him- 
self in 1904. His record was broken, however, by Howland, 1908, 
whose time of 46 minutes 23 seconds was 32 seconds less than the 
old mark. 

Geo. F. Hobson, Acting Sec.y 164 Holyrood Ave., Lowell, Mass. 

I. On the Part of the Secretary. 

On looking over the class catalogue, the secretary was gready 
astonished to find how few fellows are living in the vicinity of Bos- 
ton. Last year there were at least fifteen men to be counted upon 
for the informal dinners, while this year there are barely six men 
who live near enough to attend these gatherings. Hence the only 
way to get class news is through correspondence, and every fellow 
is strongly urged to drop a note to the secretary every few months. 
The notices have been sent out announcing the semi-annual dinner, 
calling for information about the Class Baby, and, last, but not least, 
calling for the payment of 1909 class dues. We hope replies will 
be sent in as soon as possible. The Executive Council announces 
the appointment of Mr. Frank Benham to the post of assistant 
secretary to complete the term of Mr. W. J. Nicholas, who has left 
Boston permanendy. Our Philadelphia correspondent, Mr. Till- 
son, writes that an informal dinner of the Technology Club of 
Philadelphia '06 made a fine showing, with ten men present, as 
follows: E. S. Chase, Cheney, Dean, Lettig, McGinnis, A. C. 
Taylor, Terrell, Tillson, Walsh, and N. A. White. He also informs 
us that they hope to round up a "good" gang of '06 Quakers for 
the big reunion next June. 

II. Personal Announcements and Notes. 

One of the fellows writes that Charles Hawkes is married and 
lives in Providence. The same correspondent tells us that L. A. 

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144 'r^^ Technology Review 

Thompson is married, and is now advising all his friends to do the 
same. — ^The engagement of C. D. Richardson to Mary G. Stone, 
of Boston, was announced in September. 

III. Class News and Changes of Address, 

S. T. Carr is at present at the Westinghouse Electric Company 
at Pittsburg, but is soon to be transferred to their sales department 
at San Francisco, Cal. — Jimmy Banash, who is just out of the hos- 
pital in Chicago, writes as follows: — 

There are very few '06 in this neighborhood, but I see Henius (V.) quite 
often, as he lives here. I have also seen Mann on the street several times. 
Cheney (II.) is at South Chicago, I believe. 

While I was in East Aurora, N.Y., on my vacation, I telephoned to 
Morey (Course V.), and he delicately admitted that his wedding was about 
three days off, and that Norton was there to officiate as best man. On the 
strength of that I went in to Buffalo, and Morey staked us to a dinner at 
the University Club. 

— Herbert A. Terrell has resigned from the Supervising Architect's 
Ofiice in Washington, and is now with the air-washer department 
of the Warren Webster Company. His. present address is 317 
North 6th Street, Camden, N.J. — ^W. A. Hardy is now living 1635 
Florida Avenue, Washington, D.C., and E. L. Wilson is hving at 
1201 Q^ Street, N.W., "The Leumass," Washington, D.C. — George 
C. Noble resigned from Supervising Architect's Office, July i, 1908. 
His present address is Obras Publicas, Construcciones Civiles, 
Havana, Cuba. — ^Walter Trask is located in Denver as assistant 
to the manager of the Denver Engineering Works. — Maxwell 
A. Coe, Roxton Pond, P.Q., Can. — Ogden R. Adams, 1014 ist 
Avenue, South Seattle, Wash. — Colly Dill, 80 Rector Street, 
Perth Amboy, N.J. — ^W. F. Englis, care J. K. Dimmick Company, 
Land Title Building, Philadelphia, Pa. — R. J. Barber, correspond- 
ent for Course HI., writes the following items of interest: "Ralphy" 
Thayer has just left Boston to take a position with Candelaria 
Mining Company, San Pedro, Chihuahua, Mex. — Marden Hay- 
ward is now in the Garfield Mill of the Utah Copper Company at 
Garfield, Utah. — ^Tillson accounts for the '06 Philadelphia "bunch" 
as below: C. R. Lettig (VI.) is with the sales department of the 
Westinghouse Electric Company. Address, 1722 Green Street, Phila- 
delphia, Pa. — A. C. Taylor's address is now 3319 North Bouvier 
Street, Philadelphia, Pa. — C. S. McGinnis is teaching second-year 
physics at the University of Pennsylvania. Address, 3332 Walnut 

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News from the Classes 145 

Street, Philadelphia, Pa. — E. S. Chase is chemist-in-charge at the 
sewage disposal works at Reading, Pa. Address, 200 North 4th 
Street, Reading, Pa. — H. W. Dean and P. E. Tillson have found 
that it is cheaper to move than pay rent. Their new address is 
419 Y. M. C. A. Building, Philadelphia, Pa. — ^The secretary was 
much surprised to receive a letter from H. A. Ginsburg from Wash- 
ington, D.C. He is stopping with D. C. Davis who was recently 
married and has settled in Washington. Ginsburg's new address 
is National Bureau of Standards, Department of Commerce and 
Labor, Washington, D.C. — ^A letter was also received from S. C. 
Allen, 81 Lake Avenue, Rochester, N.Y. Allen is one of the few 
'06 men who are in business for themselves. — H. H. Brown is 
becoming what might be called a "multi-editor." He is not only 
editor of the Boiler MakeVy but also of the International Marine 
Engineering Journal, — "Bunny" White is now holding down a 
government job at League Island Navy Yard. — ^"Ned" Rowc 
writes a breezy letter: — 

I am due for a change of address, as I haven't been in West Newton 
since last July, when I came here to New York to become one of the Holo- 
phane Company's "illuminating" engineers. . . . 

G. C. Fumess I have just located in Niagara Falls, doing electric furnace 
work, but haven't heard from him yet. . . . 

At the electrical show in Madison Square Gardens, on October lo, I 
happened to meet Miss Ruggles, and learned that she had resigned from 
the General Electric Research Laboratory to enter the ranks of the married 
people. I've heard rumors about the other Cleofans, too! 

— ^Miss Eleanor Manning also sends in some news of the Cleofans, 
but riothing as startling as above. — Miss Helen R. Hosmer (Course 
V.) has left the General Electric Research Laboratory at Schenec- 
tady and is with Robert S. Weston, expert chemist at 14 Beacon 
Street, Boston. — Miss Cederholm has left Wellesley College, where 
she was assistant in chemistry, and has gone to the Maryland 
College for Women in Lutherville, Md. She is to teach science. — 
Miss Mildred F. Wheeler, who has been at Mt. Herman for the 
past three years, has taken a posidon in the Springfield Techni- 
cal High School to teach chemistry and physics. 

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146 The Technology Review 


Alexander Macomber, Sec.y 83 Newbury Street, Boston. 
Bryant Nichols, Res. Sec^ 138 Fremont Avenue, Everett, Mass. 

I. On the Part of the Secretaries. 

The occasion of the alumni dinner, on January 14, offers an 
opportunity for a number of the fellows getting together, and it is 
hoped that all in the vicinity of Boston will make great efforts to 
be present. The effect of the local correspondence scheme recently 
adopted has had a very healthy influence in increasing class news, 
and the Chicago and Pittsburg divisions have held informal dinners, 
as will be noted under the letters following. All others take notice I 
Plans will soon be under way for 'o/'s share in the big reunion 
next June, and we must have the support of all. 

II. Personal Notes and Changes of Address. 

The following was clipped from the Boston Record: — 

Professor Clarence Howe, of Boston, who went down to Dalhousie Uni- 
versity, Halifax, to teach in the civil engineering department, has already 
become very popular in the college. The Dalhousie Gazette speaks in the 
highest terms of his ability and scholarship. During his student days 
Professor Howe had some experience in municipal engineering in some of 
the towns in the neighborhood of Boston. 

— Clifton N. Draper is junior chemist with the United States Geo- 
logical Survey in Pittsburg. He is working on research with petro- 
leum, has a fine laboratory, and is enjoying himself. He is down 
on the city, though, and says it doesn't hold a candle to Boston. 
His address is United States Geological Survey, 40th and Butler 
Streets, Pittsburg, Pa. — Harry Moody is in the same place in a simi- 
lar position. — ^The Scranton Gas & Water Company of Scranton, 
Pa., are putting in two mechanical filtration plants, one of 5,000,000 
gallons capacity, and the other of 30,000,000 gallons. George R. 
Taylor, chemist and bacteriologist for the company, has been put 
in charge of them. Mr. and Mrs. Taylor are welcoming a daughter, 
bom May 12, 1908. — John Rehn writes that he is mixing paints in 
Easton, Pa. — Kenneth G. Chipman is with the Geological Survey 
in Ottawa, Can. He spent last summer on Vancouver Island, 
o(F the Bridsh Columbian coast. About September 15 he started 
back across the condnent, and began work in Ottawa on the ist of 
October. He is doing photo-topographic work in addition to 
geological work, and is fast becoming a civil engineer as well as a 

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News from the Classes 147 

mining engineer. — ^So far as we know, only one member of the dan 
has been married since the last issue of the Review. The fortu- 
nate man is J. A. Davis, who married Miss Mary L. Cadwell, of 
Atlantic City, on Oct. 29, 1908. — L. L. Allen is clerk of the Brook- 
line School Committee. — Bob Albro is now with Horton & Hemen- 
way, contractors of Boston, and at present is on a job at Waterbuty, 
Conn. — Lawrie Allen is now with the Boston office of his firm, and 
living at Aubumdale in "that little home of his own." — Bonta is 
building superintendent for Al. Taylor, architect, of Syracuse, N.Y. 
— We hear that Shirley Black was recently engaged to Miss Marion 
Baker, of L}mn, Mass. — Sam Coupal has left California for Alaska, 
but expects to be East this winter. — ^Macomber stopped off to see 
him, when going by his camp this fall, but just missed connections. 
After seeing the town, we do not wonder Sammy chose Alaska. — 
H. R. Chase is at 24 Montello Street, Dorchester. — Eaton recently 
passed the examinations for the revenue cutter service, and is now 
on the United States steamship "Inca." — Dodge leaves Pittsburg 
after January i for 134 B Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. — Donne- 
wald is superintendent of the Eddie-Cannon Mine, El Paso, Tex. — 
Dempwolf is studpng in Paris, 30 Rue St. Sulpice. — F. C. Elder is 
now at Columbia University, studying mining. — C. S. Fleming's 
address is 4430 Winton Road, Cincinnati, Ohio. — F. E. Goodnow 
is with the Western Electric Company at Chicago. — ^W. A. Gates, 
Coxsackie, N.Y. — Bert Johnson is at 104 South 3d Street, Reading, 
Pa. — ^'^ Granny" Jones is now head chemist for the Washington 
Filtradon plant. — Kolatschevsky, we hear, is about to be married 
at his home in Malta, Greece, and soon expects to return to America. 
— W. W. Kaman's address is. United States Geological Survey, 
Pittsburg, Pa. — R. F. Knight is with the Corbin Motor Vehicle 
Corporation of New Britain, Conn. — J. I. B. Lamed gives his home 
address at Lake Forest, 111. — ^J. S. Moore is located at United States 
Naval Station, Key West, Fla.— Moreland is with D. C. & W. B. 
Jackson, engineers, 84 State Street, Boston. — B. F. Mills is a civil 
engineer widi War Department, Manila, P.L — John Mather was 
recently appointed a second lieutenant in the arrillery, and is now 
at Fort Revere, Mass. — Sam Marx is just now in Boston. Where 
next ? — ^Naramore holds out at 5003 Washington Avenue, Chicago. 
— ^Norton is now a lieutenant in the United States artillery, stationed 
at Fort Banks. — C. W. Nutter is at Forsyth Street, Chelsea. — 
Emerson Packard was recently made superintendent of the Haynes- 
Piper Company of Ayer, Mass. — Eugene Phelps is with Burton 
Whayne Company, 237 Fifth Street, Louisville, Ky. — ^V. S. Rood, 
Holland, Josephine County, Ore. — L. P. Russell, Pittsfield, Mass. 

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148 The Technology Review 

— S. R. T. Very, 410 West End Avenue, New York City. — M. 
Wyner, 189 High Street, Boston. — ^W. H. Sage, Jr., who was with the 
class for a year, graduated from West Point last summer. 
— Macomber has recently returned from California and expects to 
make Boston his headquarters for the present. 

III. Letters. 

From T. W. Roby, Jr., just too late for the October Review, 
was received the following: — 

I am still with the McClintic Marshall Construction Company of Pitts- 
burg, being now in the estimating and designing department of the local 
plant. The company took on something like twenty-five college grads in 
July, 1907, for a two-year course, — six months in each of the four depart- 
ments. I was one of the four men who came down from Tech, Van der 
Stucken being the only other '07 man. I spent four and a half months in 
the draughting-room, eight in the shops, and will be in my present location 
till January i, when I expect to be sent out on erection for the last period, 
our course ending in July, 1909. 

This letter was sent from Wilkinsburg, Pa. — ^Under date of Sep- 
tember 2 came a letter from C. S. Fleming, who is with Proctor & 
Gamble Company, Cincinnati, Ohio: — 

We have just recently enlarged and refitted our soap powder department, 
and I have succeeded a former Ohio State man who had had charge for 
about a year. That meant new machines to work and new help to train. 
So I have had my hands full the last month. . . . We pack about 60,000 to 
80,000 pounds of washing powder a day. . . . 

I was married last New Year's evening, and since the middle of January 
have been keeping house at Winton Place, a station near here. . . . My 
home is at 4430 Winton Road, Cincinnati. 

— Bert D. Johnson writes from 104 South 3d Street, Reading, Pa., 
in a letter which is not dated, but which was received about the 
middle of September: — 

Two weeks ago I came to this city to work in the draughting-room of the 
Reading Iron Company. . . . My time has been more of it spent at home 
than ever I had expected. ... Six months of the time (since February, 1907) 
I was at work in the wood pulp industry in Northern and Eastern New 
Hampshire. ... 

— From Pittsfield, Mass., comes the following: — 

My son, Benjamin F. Mills, accepted a position under the United States 
War Department as civil engineer. He was ordered to report at Manila, 
and sailed from San Francisco on August i. 

Charles A. Mills. 

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News from the Classes 149 

— John G. Barry writes from North Dakota as follows: — 

I am assistant State geologist on the United States Geological Survey. 
In the winter, besides the usual office work, I also teach, in the State Uni- 
versity at Grand Forks, mineralogy, economic geology, and petrography. 
This past summer I have been engaged in work on the aereal geology of 
Pembina and Cavalier Counties, 2,400 square miles. The work is done on 
horseback. The area is very flat, and the underlying formations are of the 
upper cretaceous. Exposures occur along deep coulees, and the Pembina 
Mountains, an old river bluff. The formations have an economic use for 
cement and brick. Grand Forks is a nice little city, a farming metropolis 
of 12,000. The whole State is mostly devoted to farming. The State 
University is situated on the open prairie, two miles west of town, has eleven 
buildings, and five hundred students. It is quite an institution for a State 
of this sort. 

Sad to state, I haven't been able to find a soul-mate as yet. . . .My work 
here interests me very much, but I am hoping to get into practical mining 
as soon as possible. ;' , . f* 

— On the letterhead of the Cudahy Packing Company, South 
Omaha, Neb., C. F. Runey writes : — 

I am assistant chemist with the above company. Unmarried, with no 
immediate intentions. My work here is done under the best conditions, 
this laboratory being fitted out with not only first-class apparatus, but all 
that is required. My personal work at present consists in the analysis of 
supplies bought, pharmaceutical preparations, etc. ... 

— ^F. E. Langenheim, who was with the class one year, writes from 
Harrisburg, Pa.: — 

. . . About three weeks ago (October 14) I had a letter from our Russian 
classmate, A. T. Kolatschevsky. The letter was mailed in Valletta, 
Island of Malta, and stated that he was well and lively, and anxious to get 
back to the United States; also, that he expected to be married about the 
middle of October, and would make his home for the present in Italy, but 
that later on would bring his wife to the United States, and perhaps make 
his home here and go into business. Lawrence T. Walker, of Stoneham, 
Mass., has been travelling all summer in the British Isles, France, and 
Germany, and may remain abroad to study this winter. . . . 

I am at present assistant engineer with the Water Supply Commission 
of Pennsylvania. Lately have been very busy making meter measurements 
on the streams during their low stages during this drought. 

—The following is from Bonta: — 

I started in with Jim Vedder's uncle, — Merrick & Randall's office, Syra- 
cuse, N.Y. Jim is head draughtsman there, and is their best designer. 
I left them to go to England last July, and have just returned from a de- 

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150 The Technology Review 

lightful visit, where I ran across Walker ('07), and Keyes ('07), who had 
come over as cattleman on some boat, and was looking for permanent em- 
ployment in England. I am now head draughtsman and building super- 
intendent with Alfred Taylor (Technology), here in Syracuse, and am 
settled permanently and quite happily. . . . 

— ^Thc following IS from Rambo and is written on the steamship 
"Cap. Valano," August 28, en route from Rio to Buenos Ayres. 
Rambo went to Brazil in the spring, to return about the end of the 
year. After describing a large hydro-electric plant at Rio, he 
writes: — 

I suppose you wonder what the dickens I am doing on this boat. I am 
on my way to Buenos Ayres. Arrive there some time to-morrow. We are 
in a pretty bad storm, which has been raging for the last two days, and it 
has turned very cold since leaving Rio, — from 90 to 35 degrees. . . . Things 
are pretty dull in Brazil. If the coffee market does not improve, things arc 
going to smash. The openings here are good, but one has to consider 
the other side, the giving up of the customs of one's country, one's friends 
and home. ... I shall probably return to the States about November or 

— ^A. L. Burwell's address is now 639 Main Street, Winsted, Conn. 
He writes : — 

I have forsaken New York and the old job for the above letterhead 
(Burwell Chemical Company, manufacturers of leather dressings, Winsted, 
Conn.). All my own, too. Give my regards to all the boys. 

— Cenedella writes from Milford, Mass. : — 

I am at present working for F. A. Barbour, of Boston, on the Milford 
Sewerage System, and expect to be here until the weather gets too cold for 
work. I've only been working for him this last month. ... I expect to land 
a job on the Baltimore Sewerage System about January. 

— ^'* Albert E. Greene, Electro-Metallurgical Engineer." Thus reads 
the letterhead. He writes : — 

I am at present with the Illinois Steel Company as electro-metallurgist. 
I spent the first eight months after leaving the Institute with a company in 
California which was developing the smelting of California iron ores in the 
Heroult Electric Furnace. This line of work has especially attracted me, 
not only because it is a new and quite undeveloped line, but also because it 
covers a field of very great importance. It is a line of work and of study 
that our younger fellows back at the Institute should keep their tyts on. 
It has possibilities. 

As to my future I have not much to say, except that I expect to "get 
there." I am not married — not even engaged. 

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News from the Classes 151 

— ^John Frank writes. — 

I finally succeeded in rounding up the Chicago, 1907, bunch, and we 
came together in an informal way at Emil Kuehn's on November 21. We 
did not take official action of any kind, but all present agreed to the plan 
of having dinners once a month or thereabouts. Those present were: 
Naramore, Bennett, J. M. Baker, Crosby, Greenwood, Snow, Bragdon, 
Lebenbaum (Sp. '06), A. E. Greene, J. M. Frank. 

I expect to go South in a few weeks now. ... I saw Stud Leavell's wife in 
Chicago a short time ago. Stud had typhoid fever, but he pulled through, 
and weighs two hundred pounds now. Also, he is getting bald. 

P.S. — I might say about the dinner that it was noteworthy for the free 
use of aqua pura. However, don't blame me. It was not my fault. I 
believe you know my views on the subject. 

— The long-lost is found. Donnewald sends us a letter via John 
Frank. He is with the Eddie-Cannon Mining Company, El Paso, 

I am superintendent of this company, and am working pretty hard. I 
have just completed a new head frame and installed a new hoist. I am 
neither engaged nor married. If you know of a good-looking girl up there 
in Chicago, send her down quick, because the grub this Chinaman is hand- 
ing out is H — . 

— ^From far-away Japan conies a welcome letter from NichoU : — 

I am with F. W. Home, importer of American machinery, and don't 
know whether I was lucky or unlucky to be left in charge last November, 
1907. When one is doing business in Japan, he needs eyes on all sides 
of his head. But it is a great experience. Of course, you imagine Japan 
as I did, i.e., a land of flowers, with beautiful geishas running promiscu- 
ously about, and with ruby lips ready to kiss. It is quite the reverse. The 
flowers are actually scarce, and the beautiful geishas have to be hunted. 
The ruby lips, however, are always ready to be kissed, though the penalty is a 
smear of rouge. I will enjoy this lazy Far Eastern life for a few years, and 
I hope it doesn't get into my bones. Yokohama is the largest part of the 
empire, and is composed of about 180,000 Japanese and 3,000 foreigners. 
There are lots of sports here, and I have gone in heavily for baseball and 
tennis. Two weeks ago we went down and cleaned up Kobe. . . . Expect 
to get over to Tientsin to see Morrill in the spring. An awful hole he has 
gone to. . . . Best regards to all classmates. 

— Dodge had a dinner in Pittsburg, and says concerning it: — 

We had a little gathering and dinner here on the 28th of October on 
the occasion of Granny Jones's visit. Roby, Kimball, Jones, and I had 
dinner at the Fort Pitt. They reminisced about "Pop" Swain, "Santa 
Fe" Allen, "Structures," and the like, and I looked on, only guessing what 

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152 The Technology Review 

it was all about. My reminiscences all run along the lines: "E)ynamics of 
Machines/' ''Machine Design/' and similar stuff. 


John T. Tobin, Sec.^ Leesville, Va. 
Rudolph B. Weiler, Res, Sec, 26 Brooks Street, Brighton, Mass. 

An informal dinner and reunion of the fellows in Boston and 
vicinity was held at the Tech Union, Tuesday evening, December 
8. Although this was merely a local affair, many came long dis- 
tances to be with us, and, owing to this sort of spirit, we had an 
unusually large gathering for such an event, sixty-eight being present. 
Frederic H. Fay, secretary of the Association of Class Secretaries, 
was the guest of the class, and he traced the history of the Alumni 
Association and gave an outline of the coming reunion. After the 
dinner the business meeting was called to order by "Pop" Gerrish. 
It was decided to have a committee of five to take complete charge 
of the '08 end of the reunion. Rapelye, Weiler, Reid, Gerrish, 
and Osborne were elected to this committee. The matter of draw- 
ing up a new constitution, now that the class has graduated, also 
came up for discussion. It was moved, seconded, and carried that 
the chair appoint a committee of three to draw up a new constitution 
and submit it at the next class meeting. Rapelye, Reid, and Weiler 
were appointed. 

Steps were taken to get in line with other classes in the plan for 
inducing preparatory and high-school boys of exceptional ability 
to come to the Institute. The usual procedure is to appoint a 
committee, each member of which corresponds with all the mem- 
bers of the class in his section of the country. The members 
keep their eyes wide open for the class of fellows wanted, — 1.^., those 
who are leaders in their school in one way or another, — and, when 
they run across such a fellow, notify the committee member nearest 
to them. He sees to it that literature is sent to the boy, showing 
him the advantages of the Institute as a school at which to complete 
his education. The original class member is, in the mean time, 
supposed to talk over colleges with the boy and show him wherein 
the Institute excels. It is expected in this way to induce many 
fine fellows who might perhaps go elsewhere to come to Technology. 

The class voted that nominations for this supervising committee, 
which should be of three members, should be made by the com- 
mittee appointed to draft the new constitution, and that the nomi- 

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News from the Classes 153 

nations thus made should be voted on by postal ballot to the sec- 
retary in Boston. Appended is the list of nominations, which, it 
is hoped, the class will vote on immediately. Vote for but three 
names, and, in so doing, consider geographical position. Address 
your postal to R. B. Weiler, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
Boston, Mass. Polls close Feb. 20, 1909. 

A. G. Place, Boston, Mass.; W. E. Barton, Boston, Mass.; W. A. 
Adams, Boston, Mass.; H. E. Allen, Wilkinsburg, Pa.; G. T. 
Glover, Lima, Ohio; W. R. Heilman, Evansville, Ind.; H. W. 
Hoole, Milwaukee, Wis.; J. W. Maxwell, Austin, Tex.; J. B. Sando, 
Milwaukee, Wis.; J. W. Maxwell, Austin, Tex.; J. B. Sando, Mil- 
waukee, Wis.: J. T. Tobin, Leesville, Va. 

It was unanimously voted that the dues for the coming year be 
made one dollar, due Feb. i, 1909. Owing to the embarrassing 
condition of the treasury, it will be necessary to collect the dues at 
once, so please send one "bone" to the resident secretary. On ac- 
count of the Reunion we shall need all the funds we can get to- 
gether. — ^Harry Webb, speaking for the senior portfolio committee, 
said that there was a deficit for which the members of the com- 
mittee are liable. If the few remaining portfolios are sold, there will 
be a slight balance. Any one wishing one of these portfolios, please 
send six dollars to Harry Webb or to the resident secretary. Any 
one wishing the cut used for his picture may have it for fifty cents. 
This will be refunded if all the portfolios are sold, and every one 
will receive his cut free. 

On October 30 several of the '08 men still at the Institute joined 
in the Republican Club Parade as a separate battalion. The pa- 
rade was a grand success, and no signs of any "scrap" were to be 
seen anywhere. Now get out that pretty calendar you received 
Christmas, and put a big blue pencil mark around June 7, 8, and 
9 to remind you that you have to make your vacation include 
those days. 

J. McGowan, Jr., has left S. C. Keith, and has gone to Camden, 
N.J. He writes: "Have come down here to this second Chelsea, to 
be chemist for the Joseph Campbell Company, of condensed soup 
fame. Look for the street-car adv." A. T. Hinckley and W. W. 
Kaman have left the State Board of Health. Hinckley is assistant 
in inorganic chemistry, and is a candidate for an M.S. degree. Kar- 
nan is with the United States Geological Survey, Pittsburg, Pa., 
engaged in fuel analysis. — Charlie Edmonds and Harry Lord have 
left Blake's. Edmonds has accepted a position with the Home 
Gas Machine Company, 183-189 East Lake Street, Chicago, III., 

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154 T'he Technology Review 

and Lord is with the General Electric Company, Lynn, Mass. — 
L. H. Allen has left the Fore River Ship Building Company, 
and has gone to Pennsylvania to serve as transitman on a pre- 
liminary survey ft)t an interurban railroad from Johnstown to Gal- 
litzin. His address is Anderson House, Cresson, Pa. — ^E. E. Allen 
is a travelling salesman. Address, 87 Park Place, New York. — 
G. W. Bailey is with Samuel M. Green, Inc., Holyoke, Mass. — 
Beede is in the shoe business at 139 Lincoln Street, Boston. — G. M. 
Belcher is rodman with the Charles River Basin Commission. — 
H. R. Calloway is with the New York Edison Company, New York 
city. — ^''Nick" Carter is with the Factory Mutual Fire Insurance 
Company, 31 Milk Street, Boston, Mass. — G. A. Clatur is in 
the office of the Division Engineer, New York, New Haven & Hart- 
ford Railroad Company, South Station, Boston. — ^''Clif" Coch- 
rane 's address is Lock Box 36, Franklin, N.H. He is with the 
International Paper Company. — Fred Cole has left the United 
States River and Harbor Commission, and has gone to Northern 
Vermont to engage in the lumber business for the winter. — G. S. 
Coleman's address is 12 Bridge Street, East Cambridge. — R. W. 
Davis is with the Allis-Chalmers Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. — 
Edge is a chemist with the Readville Color Works, Readville, Mass. 
— ^*' Happy" Ellis is a fire insurance underwriter at 93 Water Street, 
Boston. — ^L. B. Ellis is with the Metropolitan Water Supply Board 
at Ashburton Place, Boston. — Esten is a leather chemist at 208 
Summer Street, Boston, with Marden, Orth & Hastings. — Ray 
Ferris has left the Massachusetts State Board of Health, and gone 
to Columbus, Ohio, where he is engineering assistant with the State 
Board of Health. — ^Flaherty is transitman with W. S. Johnson, 
10 1 Tremont Street, Boston, engaged in water works construc- 
tion. — R. W. Parlin is with the same firm as resident engineer. — 
W. C. Folsom is assistant engineer with the State Board of 
Health, State House, Boston. — "Pop" Gerrish is with the Eastern 
Dredging Company, 247 Atlantic Avenue, Boston. — C. E. Gold- 
thwaite is a machinist at Peabody, Mass.— Cohen is with the G. F. 
Blake Manufacturing Company, East Cambridge, Mass. — ^A. W. 
Heath is with the Pierce & Barnes Company, 7 Water Street, 
Boston. — ^Heimer has left the Enterprise Mining Company, and 
is now with the Socorro Mines, Mogollon, N.M. — Heilman is with 
the Peerless Auto Company, Cleveland, Ohio. — lasigi is at 55 
Duane Street, New York city, as cable inspector with the New 
York Edison Company. — Kydd is assistant chemist, Washington 
Mills Laboratory, American Woollen Company, Lawrence, Mass. — 
Lambirth is instructor in wood-work at the Brockton High School, 

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News from the Classes 155 

Brockton, Mass. — Lees is with the National Metal Fabric Com- 
pany, Plainville, Conn. — ^**Doc" Leslie is with the United Shoe Ma- 
chinery Company, Beverly, Mass. — Lyford is a sugar analysist at 
the plantation of the J. B. Laws Company, Cinclare, Baton Rouge 
Parish, La. — F. W. Lyle and R. E. Manning are with the General 
Electric Company, Lynn, Mass. — W. H. Mason is assistant man- 
ager of Marcus Mason & Co., dealers in plantation machinery, 
359 Produce Exchange, New York. — D. H. Maxwell is assistant 
manager of "Maxwell's Talisman," 1403 Fisher Building, Chicago, 
111. — E. H. Newhall is with the General Electric Company, Sche- 
nectady, N.Y. — H. G. Nicholas is with the Great Western Sugar 
Company, Brush, Col. — "Ed" Orchard is a vocal teacher at 3879 
Delmar Avenue, St. Louis, Mo. — G. H. Pierce is with the Metro- 
politan Elevated Railway Company, 139 Adams Street, Chicago, 
111. — E. A. Plumer is with D. C. & W. B. Jackson, engineers, 84 
State Street, Boston, Mass. — W. C. Taylor is with the Coming 
Glass Company, Coming, N.Y. — H. E. Allen is an apprentice with 
the Westinghouse Electric Manufacturing Company, Wilkesbarre, 
Pa. — ^M. E. Allen is at the law school of the University of Michigan, 
Ann Arbor, Mich. — ^"Bob" Angell is with the Fargo Plumbing & 
Heating Company, Fargo, N.D. — R. B. Anthony is with the sales 
department of the Bristol Company, Waterbury, Conn. — W. E. 
Booth and E. E. Kilbum are with the Industrial Instmment Com- 
pany, Waterbury, Conn. — Boush is farming with the Newport 
Pecan Company, Newport, Fla. — J. C. Brooks is with the Jones 
& Laughlin Steel Company, South Side Works, Pittsburg, Pa. — 
W. E. Caldwell is with the W. E. Caldwell Company, Louisville, 
Ky. — ^Hardy Cross is a draughtsman with the bridge department, 
Missouri Pacific Railway, St. Louis, Mo. — ^Allston Dana is instruc- 
tor in civil engineering at the University of Montana, Missoula, 
Mont. — Denny is in the Leven shipyard, Dunbarton, Scotland. — 
G. M. Dexter is a civil engineer with Hazen & Whipple, 103 Park 
Avenue, New York city.— -C. N. Draper is junior chemist with the 
United States Geological Survey, 40th and Butler Streets, Pitts- 
burg, Pa. — ^J. A. Fottler is instructer in electrical engineering at 
the Rhode Island State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, 
Kingston, R.I. — ^Friedman is a heating and ventilating engineer at 
18 East 92d Street, New York city.— Gianella is a chemical en- 
gineer at 271 Ninth Street, Brooklyn, N.Y. — Goodman is with 
D. C. & W. B. Jackson, 84 State Street, Boston.— W. GriflFen is 
salesman with GriflFen & Hoxie, wholesale grocers, Utica, N.Y. — 
J. E. Hale is with the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company, Man- 
chester, N.H. — J. W. Hale is instructor in electrical engineering at 

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156 The Technology Review 

the Pennsylvania^ State College, Pennsylvania. — C. E. Hanson is 
professor of drawing and manual training at Connor's State School 
of Agriculture, Muskogee, Okla. — Heard is with the Newport News 
Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company, Newport News, Va. — Hennen 
is assistant engineer with Boughton ' & Lantz, Morgantown, Va. 
— Bradford Holmes is with Stone & Webster Management Asso- 
ciation, 147 Milk Street, Boston. — M. T. Jones is engaged in ex- 
perimental work with the Meygrowitz Manufacturing Company, 
31st Street and 1st Avenue, New York city. — S. C. Lyon is secretary 
of the Massachusetts Correspondence Schools, 194 Boylston Street, 
Boston. — G. M. J. Mackay is instructor in chemistry at Dalhousie 
University, Halifax, N.S. — MacNutt is assistant biologist with the 
Pittsburg Typhoid Fever Commission, 431 6th Avenue, Pittsburg, 
Pa. — P. W. Norton is an architect with Shepley, Rutan & Cool- 
idge, 122 Ames Building, Boston. — Penny is assistant to the super- 
intendent, concentrating plant, Pennsylvania Steel Company, Leb- 
anon, Pa. — Potter is a civil engineer in the Departimiento de 
Construcciones Civiles Obras Publicas, Havana, Cuba. Mar- 
tinez is also at Havana as assistant engineer with the sewer and 
paving department. — F. E. Mott is a chemist with the Bureau of 
Milk Inspection, City of Boston, 30 Huntington Avenue. — E. 
Myers is with the Opaque Shade Cloth Company, West Pullman, 
111., as manufacturer of chrome colors. — F. J. Robinson is a draughts- 
man in Guy Lowell's office, 1128 Tremont Building, Boston. — C. 
Shapleigh is assistant engineer with the Alabama & Vicksburg Rail- 
way Company, Vicksburg, Miss. — Spengler is assistant to the sec- 
retary-treasurer of the National Light and Improvement Company, 
Pierce Building, St. Louis, Mo. — Steele is open-hearth fumaceman 
with the Homestead Steel Works, Munhall, Pa. — Willey is in the 
engineering department of the Triumph Electric Company, Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. — Lamed is at the Union Theological Seminary, 
New York city. — Arthur Skillings is with the Old Colony Trust 
Company, Ames Building, Boston. — C. A. Vose is engaged in grow- 
ing cranberries at Marion, Mass. — ^A. C. Winch is a heating and 
lighting engineer at Saxonville, Mass. — ^W. B. Hunter is co-opera- 
tive educational director, Fitchburg High School, Fitchburg, 
Mass. — E. F. Cookingham is with the New Hartford Canning 
Company, New Hartford, N.Y. — D. Cairns is with the executive de- 
partment, Holtzer-Cabot Electric Company, Boston. 

The following '08 men are assistants: A. B. Babcock, H. S. 
Chandler, C. W. Clark, C. H. Criswell, J. R. Nichols, A. T. 
Hinckley, and R. W. G. Wint in Chemistry; H. B. Luther and M. 
T. Whiting in Civil Engineering; S. F. Hatch and R. B. Weilcr 

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News from the Classes 157 

in Mechanical Engineering; H. S. Fames, H. C. Faxon, A. H. Tash- 
jian, F. P. Slack, and J. H. Locke in Physics; C. A. Gibbons and 
L. A. Dickinson in Mining Fngineering; L. H. Sutton in Naval 
Architecture; and A. R. Hunter in Mechanic Arts. 

The resident secretary would like the addresses of the following 
'08 men, letters addressed to them having been returned: William 
W. Rawlinson, John F. Johnson, Yuen Foo Leong, Morgan L. 
Bodenstein, Francis C. Goode, Nathaniel L. Coleman. 

Those who knew him will regret to learn of the death of Fred 
Barstow Stevens, Jr., '08, on Aug. 23, 1908, at Maiden, Mass., 
as a result of typhoid fever. He was in the employ of the Hastings 
Pavement Company, Hastings-on-the-Hudson, N.Y., but intended 
to return to the Institute this fall. He was well known for his 
work on the tug-o'-war team, acting as manager of the freshman 
team and captain of the sophomore team. 


Washinoton, D.C. 

There certainly must be something in mental telepathy, for on the very 
day that I received your letter of gentle reminders I had made up my mind 
to write you of my " doin's. " I have been in Washington since November 
in the Fuel Testing Division of the [geological] survey, and am delighted 
with the place and the work. The work consists primarily in the inspection, 
sampling, and analysis of all fuel used by the government in the District of 
Columbia. These fuels — about 150,000 tons per year — are purchased 
on the basis of "ash in dry coal" and *'B. T. U.'s per pound as received." 
So you see the work is quite extensive. In addition to the above it is the 
duty of the inspectors to watch each plant — there are over fifty buildings 
and insritutions which come under our immediate supervision — ^with a 
view of improving boiler-room economy as regards kind of coal used, 
method of firing, and centralization of heating and lighting plants. Have 
had a better ofl^er to go elsewhere, but like the work well, and will stay for 
awhile to see what the future has to offer. . . . 

Give my regards to the '08 fellows through the Review and to my many 
friends at the Insdtute. . . . Leo Loeb, 1121 6th, N.W. 

State College, Pa., Dec. 7, 1908. 
I was pleased to receive advice of an informal reunion of the members 
of the Qass of 1908. As I am here at State College and busily engaged 
{as instructor in electrical engineering], I shall be unable to attend the 
reunion, and regret very much that I cannot meet the fellows at this time. 
Kindly remember me to all. I hope to be able to meet the fellows, or a 
lai^ number of them at least, next January, when I shall be in Boston. . . . 
Long live the Qass of '08. Joseph W. L. Hale. 

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158 The Technology Review 

aoo8 Calumxt Avxnus, Chicago, III., Dec i, 1908. 

I will not be able to attend the dinner on the Sth, and you see the reason. 
Am very sorry not to be able to join you. I understand there are several 
'08 men in Chicago, among them L. B. Hedge (VI.) and George Scho- 
binger. The latter is the only one I have seen so far, as none of them 
showed up at the Northwestern Alumni Dinner Saturday night last. How- 
ever, Schobinger and I had a little reunion on our own hook several weeks 
ago. We are only about five blocks apart by airship down town here. 

Quite a number of '07 men turned out to the alumni dinner, and I met 
men of several different classes. The stench of stale tobacco smoke hung 
to my clothing for several days, and I was fully reminded of the good old 
days on Garrison Street. 

Well, remember me to the boys if you happen to see any that know 
me. . . . 

Donald H. Maxwell. 

The following is a clipping from the Gloucester (Mass.) Times, 
Dec. 4, 1908. — 

Charles L. Lufkin, a Gloucester boy who graduated from the Institute 
of Technology, Boston, last June, leaves by steamer from New York for 
San Juan, Porto Rico, Saturday, where he has secured a fine position on 
an immense sugar plantation in that country. 

Mr. Lufkin's many friends will be pleased to learn of his success. He is 
a native of this city, graduating from the Gloucester High School, class of 
1903, and was regimental adjutant of the cadet regiment of the Lynn 
English, hynn Qassical, Chelsea, and Gloucester High School battalions. 

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The Technology Review 

Vol. XI. APRIL, 1909 No. 2 


Elaborate Plans for the Great Event, June 7, 8, 9 
Inauguration of Dr. Madauiin 

As the plans for the Reunion of 1909 have been developed, the 
scope and importance of the convocation has broadened, and with 
the announcement by the Corporation that the inauguration of 
President Madaurin will take place on June 7, the first day of the 
Reunion, it becomes an occasion of marked impressiveness and 

The decision to hold the inauguration on the first day of the Re- 
union was only recently made, and announcement of the plans 
cannot be given out at this time. The ceremony will be held in 
Sjrmphony Hall at eleven o'clock, and a committee, consisting of 
six representatives of the Corporation, three from the Faculty, 
and three from the alumni, will have charge of the exercises. There 
will be a notable assemblage of prominent educators and public 
men at the inauguration, and the various co-ordinate interests of 
Technology will be represented on the program. Dr. Madaurin 
will be the guest of the Alumni Assodation throughout the Re- 
union, giving part of his time to the undergraduate functions and 
appearing at the prindpal features on the Reunion program. 

As originally laid out, it was intended to have a general automo- 
bile excursion on Monday afternoon. The great interest, however, 
that is being shown in the Reunion indicates that the numbers to 
be accommodated will be greater than we can supply with cars, and 
it is necessary, therefore, to limit the invitations to this feature of 
the Reunion to visitors who live more than forty miles from Boston. 

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1 60 The Technology Review 

This 18 intended to be a courtesy to our visiting brothers, their fami- 
lies and visiting friends, and will not take on the nature of a parade. 
The cars will take the visitors through the suburbs of Boston by 
different routes, probably stopping at the G>untiy Gub for tea on 
the return to the city. 

As a fitting termination to inauguration day, Governor and Mrs. 
Draper will receive the alumni at the State House from 8.30 untfl 10. 

Through the courtesy of the house committee of the Boston City 
Club the upper floors of the club-house will be thrown open to the 
alumni at 9.30 on Monday evening for an informal jubilee smoker. 
The club house, which has been recently very much enlarged, offers 
ample accommodations for all the men who wish to come. This 
smoker is intended to be an informal social affair, and will serve as 
a sort of reception to the graduating class. There are several large 
halls on the upper floors of the City Club where there will be special 
Technology features, such as acts from the coming Tech Show, 
selections by the Glee Club, etc. 

On Tuesday morning the professors will be in their departments 
ready to welcome old students who wish to call upon them. This 
has been a feature of graduation day for many years, and a great 
many men take advantage of the opportunity. Tuesday has been 
designated as the day of the classes. At noon the alumni will be 
transported in a body in two steamers of the Boston & Nahant 
Steamboat Company, of which Fred Wilson C91), is president, to 
Nahant, where all the hotel accommodations have been engaged 
for the day. Nahant is particularly well suited for such an 
occasion. It is an hour's sail from Boston, is in an isolated location, 
and the hotels are convenient to the boat landing. It is intended 
to seat the men by classes and serve a hearty shore dinner at two 
o'clock. The classes can transact any business that may be neces- 
sary, and after dinner the men will mingle together in social inter- 
course or engage in some of the sports that will be provided by the 
entertainment committee. The day of the classes is a new Re- 
union feature, and it is believed it will be a most popular one. It is 
one of the few occasions where there is no prearranged program 
and where the men meet together without any restraint or formality* 

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The Inaugural Reunion i6l 

There is ample room at the various hotels for 1,500 or 2»ooo per- 

Returning to Boston about five o'clock, the men will dine at pleas- 
ure, rendezvous by classes, and march to Symphony Hall as usual. 
The Pop Concert on Tuesday evening will be a brilliant one, special 
features being arranged by the committee to make it a memorable 
occasion. At the close of the concert, the men will march in a 
body down Boylston Street and cheer Rogers Building, which 
will be outlined in red fire. 

The culminating events of the Reunion begin on Wednesday 
with the excursion to Nantasket. The two steamers which have 
been engaged will leave the wharf of the Nantasket Steamboat 
Company at ten o'clock, and on arrival at Nantasket, the alumni 
will assemble by classes on the beach and march to the Atlantic 
House, which will have been completely transformed and enlarged 
by means of canvas additions and tents. A buiFet luncheon will 
be served on arrival, and, although there will be nearly double 
the number of guests that were present at the excursion five years 
ago, ample arrangements have been made to feed the multitude 
without discomfort. The Atlantic House is, fortunately, conducted 
by a Tech man, J. Linfield Damon, Jr. ('91), who made an excellent 
record for the house at the last Reunion. 

After luncheon the stunts will be run oiF in the arena in front of 
the hotel. As the excursion to Nantasket will be held rain or shine, 
there will be an immense tent erected over the arena, and, in order 
to accommodate the larger number of guests who will be present this 
year, the veranda will be widened for half the length of the hotel, 
and on the other side of the arena will be erected a grand stand, 
capable of holding 1,200 people. The stunts will be of a very novel 
and ludicrous character. Every class will have some kind of an 
entertainment to offer. The older classes will come first, and there 
will be a time limit given each class in order that we may be sure to 
leave for Boston on schedule. Most of the classes have already 
appointed conunittees of arrangements for the Reunion, which also 
have charge of the class stunts. The stunts that made the biggest 
hit with the crowd at the last Reunion were those that were snappy 
and impromptu, that utilized all the members of the class and that 

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1 62 The Technology Review 

were run off quickly. The stunt program is unique to Technol- 
ogy> and its success five years ago was largely due to the fact that 
we did not call for elaborate machinery or high-priced costumes to 
amuse the crowd. Some features that have already been reported 
to the conunittee are infinitely ludicrous. Acts that are registered 
with the committee can be claimed as the property of the class first 
making claim. 

The excursion boats will leave for Boston about five o'clock, 
and in the evening will occur the grand Reunion banquet. This 
will be held in Symphony Hall, which will be elaborately decorated 
for the event. This dinner will be the crowning feature of the Re- 
union, and it is expected that there will be i,ooo persons at table. 
The speakers will be men of international reputation, and there 
will be an opportunity for guests to hear the speeches from the 
gallery seats. The dinner will be served by one of the most capable 
stewards in New England, a man who is noted for excellent dinners 
served on unusual occasions such as this. The cooking will be done 
in Symphony Hall, it being necessary to install ranges, steam tables, 
etc., as well as a temporary steel stack outside the building. This 
is only a general outline of the program. The incidental divertise- 
ments, which add so much to festivities of this kind, are now being 
worked up by special conmiittees. 

The program for the women will be very complete. In fact, 
everything on the list of events is open to them except the day of the 
classes at Nahant on Tuesday afternoon and the jubilee smoker 
on Monday evening. On Tuesday afternoon Mrs. Edwin S. 
Webster will give a reception to the ladies at her residence at Chest- 
nut Hill. There will be a special committee of women, with head- 
quarters in the Margaret Cheney Room, Pierce Building, Trinity 
Place. Fraternities and societies desiring to be together will have 
no better time than at breakfast on Tuesday or Wednesday. 

Tickets admitting to the various functions will be sold as follows: 
jubilee smoker. City Club, $i. This includes refreshments. Day 
of the classes, including transportation and | dinner at Nahant, 
$2. Pop Concert, Excursion to Nantasket, including 
luncheon, $3- Banquet at Symphony Hall, $4. 

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The Inaugural Reunion 163 

It has been decided by the committee to sell combination 
tickets including all these festivities for $10. 

The committee on hospitality, headquarters and registration 
will have its headquarters at the Tech Union, where there will be all 
sorts of conveniences for visitors. There will be clerks on duty at 
all times to make out registration cards, give out badges and furnish 
information. A handsome identification badge has been selected, 
giving the name and class of each person, and the registration cards 
will be immediately written up, so that the file vnll be complete 
within a few minutes of the time the guest registers. The Naval 
Architecture drawing-room will be given over to the classes, a desk 
being provided for each separate class, where members can meet if 
they desire. There will be writing materials, free telephones, 
messenger calls, time tables of all railroad, steamboat and trolley 
lines in and about Boston, maps of the city and suburbs, etc., and a 
check-room for the convenience of guests. 

All the events will take place rain or shine, except the automobile 
trip. On the day of the classes the men will be under cover practi- 
cally every minute from the time they leave Boston to the time they 
return, as the hotels at Nahant are only about three minutes from 
the boat landing. In case of rain or heavy weather there are plenty 
of bowling alleys, shooting galleries and billiard tables for amuse- 

It will be observed from the above program that there is little 
chance for classes to get together by themselves during the Reunion. 
There will be an opportunity, however, for classes and fraternities 
to meet for breakfast on any one of the three days or for a limited 
time at dinner on Monday and Tuesday evenings. Osiris has 
arranged for its reunion on Tuesday at breakfast, and the reunion 
of Tech editors will probably take place on Wednesday morning at 
breakfast. Most of the five-year classes having anniversaries this 
year will get together on Friday, Saturday and Sunday, or for a 
shorter period of time previous to the Reunion. This not only is 
true of the five-year classes, but several other classes have arranged 
to get together on Saturday and Sunday, or for Sunday only, thus 
making the Reunion an unusually social affair. It is likely that a 

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164 The Technology Review 

dozen or fifteen classes having no anniversary this year will at leas 
spend Sunday together at some hotel or summer resort near Boston 

It has become plainly evident to the committee that, in order to 
properly take care of the immense numbers that are sure to pour 
into Boston for this Reunion, we must know as definitely as pos- 
sible how many we are likely to expect, in ample time to make pro- 
vision. In talking the matter over, it has been clearly shown that the 
facilities at some of the events are likely to be limited, and the com- 
mittees are not warranted in spoiling the pleasure of the majority 
for the late comers for whom provision has not been made. Within 
a very short time, information relative to the Reunion wilU be sent 
to all former students of the Institute, accompanied by a return 
postal card to indicate the intention of the person addressed without 
necessarily committing him. We are very desirous of having every 
man fill out this blank, in order that we may make proper prelimi- 
nary arrangements. About the middle of May the final subscrip- 
tion blank will be sent out, which will make definite reservations 
for the different events. 

The committee in charge of the Reunion consists of Edwin S. 
Webster ('88), chairman, of the firm of Stone & Webster; Dr. 
Arthur A. Noyes ('86), Acting President of the Institute; Hon. 
Eben S. Draper C78), Governor of Massachusetts; George W. 
Kittredge {!77)y New York city, chief engineer of the New York 
Central Railroad; Theodore W. Robinson ('84), Chicago, vice- 
president of the Illinois Steel Company; Walter B. Snow ('82), 
publicity engineer; Everett Morss ('85), president Simplex Electri- 
cal Company; Henry Howard ('89), vice-president of the Mer- 
rimac Chemical Company; and I. W. Litchfield ('85), secretary. 

Chairmen of conmiittees: committee on hospitality, headquarters 
and registration, Professor C. F. Park ('92); committee on decora- 
tions, Professor H. W. Gardner ('94); committee on governor's re- 
ception. Professor William T. Sedgwick; committee on jubilee 
smoker, John A. Curlin ('92); committee on the day of the classes, 
Franklin T. Miller ('95); committee on the Pop Concert, Leo 
Pickert ('93); committee on harbor excursion, F. H. Fay ('93); 
committee on banquet, C. C. Peirce ('86). 

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How the Students are Organized 165 


The Institute Committee and its Relations to All Student Ac- 
tivities — Student Business Office Opened 

The prominent part that the Institute G>mmittee has recently 
taken in undergraduate affairs has called much attention to it 
among the alumni. I have been asked to say something about its 
organization and its accomplishments. 

The Institute Committee or students' council, which was organ- 
ized about 1893, was originally composed of the president and two 
elected members of each class. The committee was self-appointed, 
and its duties were vague, it being generally understood that it 
exercised general oversight over undergraduate affairs and repre- 
sented the students in their relations with the Faculty. The work 
done by a committee of this sort, having no definite duties, de- 
pended largely upon the initiative of the presiding officer, and, as 
the president of the senior class has always been president of 
the Institute Committee, he has not been able to give much time 
or energy to the work. 

At first the Institute Committee carried out a useful purpose, 
but latterly it became inactive and was something of a joke to the 
students, who said the only real business the committee did was 
to sit for its picture for the Technique once a year. Last year an 
attempt was made to revivify this organization and make it more 
representative by adding to its membership the presidents of the 
course societies, the editor-in-chief of The Tech and Technique^ 
and the general manager of the Show. The year's experience 
undoubtedly proves that this was a well-advised move, for it has 
added to the working force of the old committee, brought into the 
deliberations of the committee undergraduates who have had the 
mast practical experience, and the work of the committee has had 
far greater scope and has been more thoroughly done. The addi- 
tion of these men raised the membership of the committee to twenty- 

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1 66 The Technology Review 

six, and, as this was too large a body to discuss detail work, an 
executive committee of five was chosen, who have general over- 
sight of the committee's work and who prepare matters for its 

This organization, with its large representative committee and 
its small executive committee, allows us to give attention to details 
and at the same time makes the body deliberative and permits of 
handling larger questions from a many-sided point of view. The 
most important piece of work which has been completed by the 
Institute G>mmittee this year was the adoption 6f the point sjrstem 
controlling undergraduate office-holding, which is described by Mr. 
ScharflF elsewhere in this magazine. Another important work was 
the regulation of bill-boards, which was given over to the com- 
mittee by the Faculty. Previous to this year the hallwajrs of the 
different buildings were made hideous by posters of all sorts and 
conditions, posted in the most flimsy manner, and many of them 
days or weeks out of date. The committee has put up in every 
building new bill-boards, which are under the supervision of a spe- 
cial sub-committee and are governed by a few simple regulations. 

During the last few years the volume of work connected with 
the different student activities has grown to such an extent that it 
became a burden on the few men who were carrying the large 
share of the work. The amount of business done can be better 
understood, perhaps, from the statement that the students handle 
altogether from f 25,000 to ^30,000 a year. Of necessity there is 
connected with so much business a great amount of detail work, 
which, it is found, takes more time from regular Institute work than 
the social activity itself. This resulted in slack business methods, 
often producing losses and sometimes failures, and in lower scholar- 
ship, sometimes resulting in the loss of degrees. 

Some time ago one or two of the activities studied the real condi- 
tions, and decided that the most practical relief would be to have 
their work done by the alunmi office, which had been kindly placed 
at the disposal of the students for such purposes. The chief objec- 
tion raised to this scheme was it would add more expense to the 
activities than they would be able to carry. The plan was tried. 

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How the Students are Organized 167 

however, and its success was shown by the ever-increasing volume 
of work done by the alunmi office for the undergraduates. The 
amount of clerical work that can be done for a small amount of 
money has surprised those that have made use of the office and pre- 
pared the minds of the men for the plan of co-operation which came 

When the offices of the undergraduates were moved from Rogers 
Building to the Union, the alumni office was found to be very incon- 
venient to use for this clerical work. The need of an office in the 
new Union was canvassed, and about the middle of the year plans 
were completed for establishing such an office, supported entirely 
by the students themselves under the management of the Institute 
Committee. A man was secured to do book-keeping, typewriting, 
and stenographic work for the different activities, as well as for 
any student who needed his services. This man has now been 
employed for a month, and his work has been increasing so much 
each week that, if the present increase continues, it will be neces- 
sary to employ an assistant next year. 

The outcome of this closer organization among the various stu- 
dent interests has led to interesting and profitable discussion and 
to plans for closer co-operation. There is now under way a move- 
ment to bring the different activities together in such a way as to 
prevent any individual loss or gain. The amount of money made 
in any one of them is not ordinarily large. It is oftener the case 
that there is a deficit at the end of the year, and the students 
who have been doing the most work in order to carry the activities 
along are the ones that are called upon to make up the deficit, 
akhough all the students are equally intererested. There is no 
doubt that, with the oversight and experience that can be made 
useful by the close relationships now possible in the Institute Com- 
mittee, each activity can be conducted with less liability of loss and 
with greater possibility of gain than without such co-operation. 
There seems to be no reason why most of the activities should 
not make money each year, and that definite appropriation can be 
made from this profit to take care of the other interests that cannot 
from their very nature show gain. The scheme proposed is to give 

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1 68 The Technology Review 

the general responsibility of oversight to the Institute Committee, 
which shall audit the books of each activity once a month and give 
any assistance or advice which may seem necessary. 

The needs of the Institute G>mmittee for the future seem to me 
to lie in two directions. The custom of having the president of 
the senior class also president of the Institute G>mmittee puts 
more work on one man than he should be asked to carry. I believe 
that the presidency of the Institute Committee should be a separate 
and distinct office, which is undoubtedly the most important position 
to be filled by the students. The second thing that we need is a 
greater common purpose between the alumni and the undergrade 
ates. This may be accomplished by the Alumni Council electing 
a committee of three to act as an advisory committee to the Insti- 
tute Committee. This would give the latter the point of view of 
more mature advice in their larger undertakings; and would make 
a very important connection between the alumni and the under- 

The committee has already been benefited by the friendly advice 
of individual members of the Association. If such advice could be 
given an acknowledged place in the affairs of the committee and 
if the men appointed were heartily interested in bringing the stu- 
dents and the alumni closely together, it would seem as though the 
new plan already begun would work out in a most ideal way. 

James H. CRrrcHBTx, '09. 

Conmiittee on Inauguration. 

As the Review goes to press, we learn of the appointment of 
the following committee to arrange for the inauguration of Dr. 
Madaurin on June 7: From the Corporation, — Colonel Thomas L. 
Livermore, George Wigglesworth, James W. Rollms, Jr. ('78), 
James P. Munroe ('82), Arthur T. Bradlee ('88), and Frederick P. 
Fish. From the Faculty,— Professor Henry P. Talbot ('85), Pro- 
fessor Arlo Bates, and Professor Harry W. Tyler ('84). From the 
alumni,— Edwin S. Webster ('88), Arthur D. Little ('85), and 
Walter Humphreys ('97). 

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The Operation of the Point System 169 


How it works out in Actual Practice — ^Its Influence on Scholar- 
ship and Student Interests 

Now that the Point System has been in operation throughout 
the greater part of a year, a brief inquiry into its effects and into 
its promise for the future will not be out of place. Sufficient dme 
has not yet elapsed for a thorough trial of this interesting experi- 
ment in student self-government, nor is sufficiently complete data 
at hand to show statistically the improvements already effected in 
the conditions at which the Point System was aimed, but no one 
who has been intimately connected with the various student activi- 
ties during the year can help being impressed by the changes that 
have taken place and by the strong sentiment that has grown up for 
further improvements along these lines. It is the purpose of this 
article to point out these changes and to call attention to this grow- 
ing sentiment. 

During the year a number of changes have been made in the plan 
as originally oudined, as was to be expected with a scheme drawn 
up entirely a priori. These changes have been principally in rais- 
ing or lowering the rating of various offices, as new experiences or 
conceptions have convinced the Institute G>mmittee that they were 
originally placed too low or too high. The result has been a gradual 
adaptation of the plan to Institute conditions, so that the scheme 
is better and much nearer to the permanent form it will finally as- 
sume than when it was originally adopted. But this state of change 
hai been a more or less unstable condition, so that the scheme has 
been unable to realize in this short period all the good of which 
it will ultimately be capable. 

Nevertheless, in every department of student activity the Point 
System has struck at a fundamental error, and has accomplished 
something. As t]^ical of conditions throughout the Institute, it 

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lyo The Technology Review 

may be well to consider those in the junior class, which always 
takes a leading part in undergraduate life, and in which the abuses 
at which the Point System was directed have been, perhaps, most 
common. Taking for comparison, in various years, the twenty- 
eight offices in the gift of the junior class, including executive 
offices and positions on the Technique Board and the Prom Com- 
mittee, we find these distributed in the class of 1906 among 19 
men, in 1907 among 22 men, in 1908 among 19, in 1909 among 
21, and in 1910, under the Point System, among 23 men. While 
the contrast here is not very sharp, it is, nevertheless, significant, 
and the good effects of the scheme become much more apparent 
when, leaving out the less important positions, we consider those 
offices carrying with them a considerable amount of labor. Thus 
in 1906 3 out of 5 members elected to the Prom. G)mmittee were 
also on the Technique Board, in 1907 3 out of 5, in 1908 4 out of 5, 
and in 1909 4 out of 6. This continued in spite of the fact that 
each year demonstrated more and more clearly the impossibility 
of doing full justice to the duties attached to each of these positions 
and at the same time maintaining a good record in scholarship. 
Under the Point System none of the 5 members of the Prom Com- 
mittee elected from the Class of 1910 were on Technique, and, as 
a result, both of these important junior activities are proceeding 
without being hampered, as heretofore, by the presence of members 
too busy to do their share of the work. 

These instances are only typical examples of what is true through- 
out undergraduate activities, and might be multiplied indefinitely. 
Everywhere it is plain that the Point System is distributing student 
offices more and more generally, interesting more and more students 
in undergraduate activities, and preventing the burdening of a' few 
men with the duties that should fall to several times their number. 

That a strong sentiment for the idea of office regulation has grown 
up, and is still growing, cannot be doubted by any who have attended 
meetings bf classes, clubs and committees during the year. It has 
become more and more common for nominations to be scrutinized 
with a view to learning what other duties the nominees have, and 
even among clubs of purely social nature, in numerous instances, 

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The Operation of the Point System 171 

secretaries, treasurers, etc., have been chosen by preference from 
among those who were otherwise free from official duties. 

In this sentiment there is great promise for the future. As the 
tendency grows stronger and stronger, more and more men will 
inevitably be drawn into active participation in student life, manage- 
ment by men who have time to perform their duties satisfactorily 
will raise the tone of every department, and eventually the Point 
System will achieve accomplishments beside which the improve- 
ments of the present year will appear insignificant. 

Maurice R. Scharff, '09. 

Death of Major Zalintki 

The alunmi of the Institute who were here from 1872-76 will 
regret to learn of the death of Major Edmund Louis Grey Zalinski, 
who was military instructor at the Institute at that rime and who 
made a great impression on the men who came under him. Major 
Zalinski died on March 10, at the age of sixty years. He was best 
known for his development and interest in the pneumaric dyna- 
mite torpedo gun, which uses pneumaric power in lieu of explosive 
and throws a torpedo projecrile weighing 100 pounds, charged 
with 500 pounds of high explosives. Major Zalinski was bom in 
Russia-Poland, and came to this country when he was four years 
old. He entered the army in 1864 as volunteer aide-de-camp to 
General Nelson A. Miles, remaining unril the close of the war. 
He then entered the regular army with the 5th United States Arril- 
lery, serving as professor of military science at the Insritute, and 
afterwards he was graduated from the Fort Monroe Arrillery School 
and the Willets Point School of Submarine Mining. In 1890 Major 
Zalinski made an official trip through Europe, visiring neariy every 
country and stud3dng methods of warfare, and later visiting South 
America, Japan and China on the same errand. On his return 
he was retired from the army with the rank of Major in April, 1904. 

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172 The Technology Review 


Fendng Team Undefeated — Track Team within 2-5 Seconds of 
World's Record — ^Technology Admitted to I. A. A. A. A. 

With the closing of Tech Field, which always takes place imme- 
diately after the annual contest between the two lower classes known 
as Field Day, there begins what might be called the indoor season 
of athletic activity. There has been an unusual amount of par- 
ticipation in the minor sports during the winter, and the results of 
the various contests which the Institute teams have entered show a 
corresponding rise in the standards of our ability in these directions. 

The most successful of the Technology teams is the fencing team, 
which is thus far undefeated, with but one more meet to face, the 
tntercoUegiates at New York on March 27. The teams they have 
defeated and the respective scores are as follows: December 5, 
Boston Y. M. C. A., i; Technology, 8. December 12, Fenway 
Studios, 2; Tech, /• February 24, Columbia, 2; Tech, 7. March 
7, Springfield Training School, i; Tech, 10. March 13, Yale, 12; 
Harvard, 2; Tech, 13. The last meeting was the preliminary 
round of the intercollegiate meet, the two high teams qualifying. 

On December 22 the annual championship of the Institute was 
won by H. G. Knox C^o), a graduate of the United States Naval 
Academy and the mainstay of the team. Mention should also 
be made of the good work of Capuin V. C. Grubnau and E. M. 
Loring, the diird member of the team. 

The basket-ball team gave promise at the first of the season of 
tmusual brilliancy, defeating the Dartmouth, Williams and Har- 
vard teams in succession. On the annual trip, however, this 
record was not maintained. A series of accidents, serious enough 
to make it necessary for the best players to give up the game for some 
time, resulted in the bad defeat of the team by Wesleyan, Collie of 
the City of New York and New York University in four nights. 

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Increased Athletic Interest 173 

one victory^ over Manhattan College, being insufficient to prevent 
the demoralization of the team, and a loss of form from which they 
have not been able to recover. Captain Wentworth and Parker 
played the best game for the Technology team. 

The hockey season, shortened considerably by the open character 
of the winter, has been on the whole very successful. Of the six 
games played the team won four and tied one. The good quality 
of playing done by the team is shown by the awarding of the 
insignia, the letters "hTt," to five men, — Pain ('09), Gould and 
Taylor Cio), Gould and Bakewell ('11) and Sloan ('12). 

The indoor season of the track team began officially on December 
12. The first event of the new year was the relay contest arranged 
between teams representing the different courses of instruction in 
the Institute. This is one strong indication of the growing inter- 
est in athletics among the undergraduates. 

On January 8 the annual indoor interdass meet was held, the 
juniors winning handily. Three Institute indoor records were 
broken, those for the quarter and one-mile runs and the pole-vault. 

At the Boston Athletic Association Games, held on February 6, 
the one-mile relay team easily outran that from S}rracuse, making 
the fastest time of the meet, and E. Stuart took second place in the 
high jump, clearing an actual height of 5 feet, 10 inches. 

Two weeks later we lost to Columbia and Harvard in New York. 
This was attributed by many to the fact that the track was of a 
widely different type from that on which the men were accustomed 
to running. On the same evening our two-mile team won from 
Tufts at the Lawrence Light Guards meet in Medford, and a week 
later the one-mile team won from Wesleyan at Troy, breaking the 
intercollegiate record and coming within 2-5 seconds of the world's 
record. The members of this team are Femstrom Cio), Moses, 
Salisbury ('11) and Gram ('09), track captain for the coming season. 

The annual fall handicap run was held December 5. Howland 
won very handily from scratch, breaking the record made several 
years ago by E. H. Lorenz. The present mark for the eight-mile 
course is 46 minutes, 23 seconds. A significant feature of the race 
was the participation in it of eleven freshmen. 

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174 The Technology Review 

In the intercollegiate cross country meeting at Princeton our 
men finished 8th, 19th, 22d, 24th and 27th, which would have given 
us second place. We did not, however, receive any score, as we 
were not members of the association, and ran only through the 
courtesy of its officers. The spring season began on February 20, 
with a large and promising number out, and the prospect of a strong 
team later in the year. 

By establishing a rule that only such members of the first-year 
class as took part in some regularly organized branch of athletics 
might be excused from the compulsory gynmasium work introduced 
this year into the first-year requirements, the Faculty has not only 
taken official cognizance of our sporting events, but has given them 
a very appreciable impulse. It is to be hoped that some day this 
requirement will be extended throughout the entire four years of 
the course. 

Varsity baseball was the subject of considerable agitation early 
in the year. The project was abandoned, however, and wisely. 
We are not yet ready for more than one 'varsity team in the major 
sports, even though there is considerable interest among a certain 
number in this subject every year. 

One team, which, although not new, is coming into notice for the 
first time this year is the Gym Team. On March 16 they had a 
meet with Amherst, in which very excellent work was done by all 
concerned. Further growth may be expected in this direction now 
that the freshmen are required to take physical training. 

An additional incentive to participation in athletics is given by 
the establishment of four new trophies for annual competition by 
members of the Alunmi Association. These are the J. L. Batchelder 
one-mile cup, the J. A. Rockwell quarter-mile cup, the Benja- 
min Hurd high hurdled cup and the F. H. Briggs ''all- 'round" 
trophy for the man scoring the highest total number of points in 
the spring meet. Through the generosity of these graduates, pro- 
vision has been made for replacing the cups each year by their 
duplicate or equivalent, so that the vrinner of the trophy each year 
is the permanent holder of it. 

The last item to be mentioned is the admission of the Institute 

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Increased Athletic Interest 175 

to the Intercollegiate Association of Amateur Athletes of America. 
This is the body in control of the annual games at which the inter- 
coUege championships are decided, and in which all the major 
colleges are members. In becoming a member of this organiza- 
tion, the Institute has a new field of effort opened up to it. Here 
our first-class athletes — and they're becoming more common than 
they were — can compete with men from colleges which have always 
considered themselves invincible, and success will reflect great 
credit on Technology. 

There are indications now that we may make a very creditable 
showing next May, when we first appear in that company. 

H. A. Rapelyb, '08. 

\frs. Rogers* Birthday 

On the 4th of March Mrs. Rogers, widow of the first President 
of the Institute of Technology, celebrated her eighty-fifth birth- 
day by an informal tea at her house, 117 Marlborough Street. No 
invitations were issued, but her many friends, especially from the 
Institute, called to offer their congratulations and to express their 
pleasure that her intellectual youth and vigor are matched only 
by that of her own Technology. 

From November until May of each year Mrs. Rogers occupies 
her Boston house, and is active in many philanthropies, in attend- 
ance upon all that is best in music and literature, and especially in 
following with keenest interest the affairs of the school which is 
her husband's noblest monument. 

The summer months, when she is not abroad, are spent in New- 
port, at "Momingside," on Gibbs Avenue, built by President 
Rogers and herself in 18^2. 

It is the fervent hope of every Technology man that the Institute 
may have the beneficent influence of her beautiful personality for 
many years to come. 

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176 The Technology Review 


Annual Banquet breaks All Records — Enthusiastic Welcome to 
President-elect Madaurin 

A year full of great promise for Technology was ushered in on 
January 14 by the annual alumni banquet at Symphony Hall, 
which was record-breaking in point of numbers and interest in the 
annals of the Association. 

Every available square foot of space in the large exhibition hall 
was filled when the graduates marched in to the accompaniment of 
the undergraduate orchestra. The foliage of tropical plants banked 
the walls, relieved by cardinal and gray banners and decorations, 
and with class panels which encircled the hall. Behind the speakers' 
table, amid a bank of palms, was a bust of President Rogers, en- 
circled by a wreath lit up by electric lights. 

Standing in their places, the members of the forty graduating 
classes present sent up a mighty cheer for Technology, and the 
Institute Glee Club, massed on the steps, led a lusty song for '* Dear 
Old M. I. T." At this point the lights were extinguished, and 
hearty cheers were given for Technology, Noyes, Madaurin, as the 
names successively appeared in electric lights above the heads of 
the Glee Club. 

Enthusiasm ran high during the dinner, the old cheers of past 
years mingling with the catchy class yells of the later classes, many 
of them based on local hits or bringing into prominence some favor- 
ite son. Between the courses the Glee Club led in singing the old 
songs; and, when the orchestra began the introduction to the favor- 
ite Stein Song, the assemblage rose and the response from half a 
thousand throats awoke the echoes of the vaulted ceiling. 

A weird ceremony was introduced in the bringing in of the ices, 
when the lights were again extinguished. The long line of waiters 
bearing the dishes illuminated with red and gray lights was led 

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An Outpouring of Alumni 177 

by two Scotchmen in Highland costume, playing a Scottish national 
hymn on what Dr. Maclaurin calls his '^ national weapons/' the bag- 
pipes. The pleasure of Mrs. Maclaurin at this part of the proceed- 
ings was evident to all. 

At one point in the program the Glee Club, grouped in front 
of the speakers' table, sang the new song, "Alma Mater, Technol- 
ogy," under the leadership of its author, Clinton W. Kyle ('09). 

The dinner was a welcome to the President-elect, Richard Cock- 
bum Maclaurin, but it carried with it grateful recognition of the 
services of Acting-President Arthur A. Noyes ('86), and its enthusi- 
asm and success was a happy portent of greater events of the year to 

President Walter B. Snow ('82), of the Alumni Association, 
acted as toastmaster, and besides Dr. Maclaurin and Dr. Noyes the 
list of speakers comprised Governor Eben S. Draper ('78), Dr. 
Robert S. Woodward, president of the Carnegie Institution, and 
Edwin S. Webster ('88), the new president of the Alumni Associa- 

President Snow spoke of the tremendous increase of interest 
in Technology affairs, brought about by the reorganization of the 
Alumni Association, in such a way that it will become an important 
factor in the further advance of Technology. He stated that five 
alumni associations had been formed during the past year, making 
a total number of twenty-five. "Do you realize," he said, "that 
this Association numbers about 4,500 members, and there still 
remains nearly an equal number of potential members, the non- 
graduates, who, standing shoulder to shoulder with us who hap- 
pened to graduate, are doing the work of the world, — ^who are mak- 
ing names for themselves and who are worthy to be with us in this 
Association ? The Association stands open for their admission 
with practically all the privileges which pertain to active member- 
bership." Mr. Snow then introduced Governor Draper, who spoke 
as follows: — 

I am extremely glad to be here this evening in my oflBcial capacity to 
extend the welcome of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts to your new 
President. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts has always been in- 

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178 The Technology Review 

terested in education. Her standard has been high; and we believe, 
speaking as men of Technology, that in the selection that has been made 
the average of the great institutions of this G>mmonwealth will be raised 
higher than it ever has been before. We welcome him for what he has done 
and for what we expect he will do. It is peculiarly pleasant for me that the 
first great meeting of this kind which I have attended since I have been the 
Governor of this G>mmonwealth should have been connected with the 
Institute of Technology. 

In coming here to-night, I assure you that I have been tremendously im- 
pressed by this gathering. I remember the Institute in a very different 
day from this. We could not have had any such alumni meeting as this in 
my time. There were only forty-four men in my class, and now you have 
substantially ten times that number in an entering class. The Institute 
has grown enormously, not merely in numbers, but in influence and in the 
respect of all educated men in this country. 

You have serious problems before you as members of the Alunmi Asso- 
ciation, and the President of this Institute is not coming to a holiday task. 
Whatever the men of the Institute may have been in the past, they have not 
been afraid of work. If they had been afraid of work, they would never 
have been members of the Alumni Association. And the fact that you and 
he have serious problems before you does not daunt you, I am sure, but is 
simply an incentive to greater effort. 

If the Institute is to maintain its place in the future, and advance as it 
should advance, I believe it must do it by maintaining its standard as high 
as it has been, aye, even higher in the future than it has been in the past. 
I don't believe the Institute wants to lower its standard in any way for the 
sake of getting more pupils or for the sake of competing with other edu- 
cational institutions. 

At this time it seems to me that the greatest question for consideration 
in the G>mmonwealth of Massachusetts is the question of education. I have 
had something to say about this very recently which, I am happy to see, has 
met with the approval of some people. I presume it has met with the dis- 
approval of others. But, in any event, I have expressed my honest opin- 
ions, and I am not in the habit of running away from them. 

This question of industrial education is to my mind one of the most im- 
portant that has arisen in any state, and especially in our state in recent 
years. And, whOe I tried to point out the other day my idea of the differ- 
ences between industrial education and the ordinary common school edu- 
cation, we don't want to get any idea into our heads that industrial educa- 

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An Outpouring of Alumni 179 

tion is the education that a man gets at the Institute of Technology. There 
is just as great a difference in my mind between the education which 
should be given by this institution and what I believe to be ordinary indus- 
trial education as there is between industrial education and the common 
school education. And I believe that this Association can have no more 
important work in the future, save one, than for its members to devote 
themselves, as educated men, to helping the people of this Common- 
wealdi to a true understanding of what industrial education is and how 
much of a benefit it can be to the people if properly started and cultivated. 
The one duty, of course, which is of more importance than that is 
the duty of devotion to your Alma Mater, the Institute of Technology. 
In coming here to-night I came to enjoy myself, and I never can do that 
when I am attempting to make a speech. I expect to enjoy myself for the 
rest of the evening in hearing the men who are to speak to you. But it has 
been really a great pleasure to me to bring here tonight the greetings of the 
Conunonwealth to your new President. May he be a great success in his 
great position I We will all loyally support him, and do all in our power to 
see that his r^me is successful and that the Institute of Technology goes 
forward to greater accomplishment in the future than in the past. I thank 
you very much. 

In introducing Dr. Noycs, Mr. Snow said: — 

"Though not bearing the full dtlc of President, his work has been 
that of acting President in every sense of the word. There has been 
no break in the work, and there will be none when his successor 
takes it up. His work has been a work of love and of self-sacrifice, 
the full measure of which we shall not know until the years have 
passed by. But enshrined with the names of Rogers, Runkle and 
of Walker and Crafts and Pritchett shall be that of Dr. Arthur A. 
Noyes, of the Qass of '86." 

Professor Noyes spoke upon two general subjects — the develop- 
ment of the Institute during the past year and the relations of the 
alumni to the Institute. 

The first of these subjects was discussed briefly under each of the 
four heads, — the development of the Institute's equipment, of its 
educational work, of its student life, and of research in both pure 
and applied science. 

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In speaking of the educational future of the Institute, he said, 
''I believe it is highly desirable to require a five-year period of study 
for the completion of all our regular courses in science and engineer- 
ingy as soon as it can be arranged for. Except for students of rather 
unusual ability, it has, I think, come to be recognized that a period of 
four years is too short a time in which to give satisfactorily the com- 
bination of general, scientific, and professional education which the 
Institute aims to offer. I believe, therefore, that the five-year course 
must come as soon as possible, if the Institute is to continue to meet 
successfully the competition of other institutions which are more 
and more requiring their engineering students to spend five or six 
years at college and in the professional school. With such an ex- 
tension of our period of study, there would be offered to the In- 
stitute a unique educational opportunity. It would, I hope, never 
be led to adopt the ineffective university plan, now so prevalent, 
of two or three years of elective collegiate work of a cultural char- 
acter as a preliminary to entering upon the strictly professional 
courses; but it would, as now, offer its students definite courses 
consistently laid out with the aim of producing at the same rime 
broadly educated men and eflScient engineers, architects, or sdenrific 
experts, the difference from the present plan being mainly that five 
years instead of four would be devoted to attaining this result. 
Just what form should be given to such five-year courses and what 
degrees should be awarded should, of course, be carefully considered 
by the Faculty, who should receive the advice of the alumni and 
others interested in the Institute. It may not, however, be with- 
out interest for me to suggest the plan that seems best to me. I 
would offer to students for the first three years of their study, in place 
of the present thirteen courses, only the choice between three courses, 
— one in general engineering, one in general science, and one in 
architecture, — and would award the Bachelor-of-Science degree for 
the successful completion of any of these courses. The course in 
general engineering, for example, would include, in addidon to 
cultural and fundamental subjects, only' those engineering sub- 
jects in which every engineer should receive instruction, whether 
he is to follow the profession of civil, mechanical, electrical, or 

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other branch of engineering. The remaining two yean of this 
period of study would then be devoted mainly to more specialized 
professional work, for the completion of which the d^ree of Master 
of Science in Civil, Mechanical, Electrical Engineering, etc., might 
be awarded. In a similar way the three-year course in general 
science might be preliminary to more specialized work in the sciences 
of chemistry, physics, biology, geology and mining. 

The adoption of such a plan, however, involves largely increased 
space in our laboratories and class-rooms, added equipment, and 
greater financial resources. It would, moreover, be questionable 
policy to enter upon it before our tuition fee, at any rate in the lower 
years, can be substantially reduced, owing to the financial burden 
that would be imposed on our students.'' 

Professor Noyes spoke of the relations of the alumni to the In- 
stitute in part as follows: — 

''This Alumni Association, as the first article of its constitution 
says, exists for the purpose of promoting the interests of the Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology. It is not primarily an organiza- 
tion for increasing sociability or good fellowship, though it should 
fulfil that function also; but it is essentially an organization for ad- 
vancing the welfare of the Institute. I want first to tell you how 
great has been the assistance aflTorded by the alumni during the past 
three years on the financial side by the contributions they have 
made toward our current expenses. An average sum of ^i,6oo 
has been contributed each year during the past three years; and 
this has enabled the Institute to do many things in the line of im- 
provement and development which would have been entirely im-. 
possible without it. During the past year the alumni contribution 
has been used in not far from three equal parts for three lines of 
development: first, for the development of the plant and equip- 
ment of the Institute; second, for the improvement of the condi- 
tions of student life, under which are included the provision for half 
the cost of the new Technology Union, the contribution for the 
support and maintenance of the athletic field, and provision for 
the personal conferences in mathematics and in English between the 
first-year students and their instructors; and, third, for increasing 

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the salary list of the Institute, thus enabling us to secure and retain 
the most successful teachers, and to increase the number of in- 
structors, so as to provide for more individual work. 

''I want, however, to speak tonight especially of the assistance 
which the alumni can render in other directions than the financial 
one. In order that they may aid us effectively, it seems to me the 
first condition is that the alumni know the Institute thoroughly, — 
that they keep in touch with it and with its progress. Many alunmi 
picture to themselves the Institute as it was when they were there, 
ten or twenty years ago. It is constantly developing, and many of 
the unsatisfactory conditions which then existed have passed away. 
This, for example, is true in a high degree of our student life and of 
the opportunities for outside student activities. Alumni should keep 
in touch with the Institute through Thb Tbchnology Review, 
which is now a publication of this Association; and they should 
visit the Institute whenever they can. I am sure that such closer 
knowledge will lead them to an optimistic view of the future of the 
Institute and to satisfaction with the work which it is now doing. 
Such knowledge, too, will enable them to make our needs known to 
others who might be able to assist us, to bring to the attention of 
manufacturers the opportunity for a solution of their problems 
which the Institute offers, and to induce capable students to come to 
us. We are not interested in increasing the number of our students, 
but we are always desirous of securing young men of the highest 
type, — those not only of high scholarship, but of the best manhood. 
And the alumni have abundant opportunities as they go about the 
country to present to such young men the advantages which the 
Institute offers. 

^'Another way in which the alumni can often assist on this side is 
to secure in their own towns the establishment of scholarships in 
connection with the local high schools. If, for example, there were 
one or more free Institute scholarships at the various important 
high schools in New England, we should get very soon a class of 
picked men of high quality. Moreover, the existence of such scholar- 
ships is of great advantage in bringing to the attention of all the 
pupils of such preparatory schools the opportunities afforded by 

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an education in applied science. It is a form of benefaction, too, 
that appeals to many men who like to do something for the youth 
of their own town. 

''These are simply suggestions as to a few ways in which the 
alumni can assist the Institute. The coming years are to be years 
of great development, and in that period the function of the alumni 
is to be far more important than it has ever been before. In clos- 
ing, therefore, I would give to you, as the watchwords of our coming 
development, Confidence and Co-operation, — confidence in the 
soundness of our educational system, in its great future and in its 
support by the community; and active, energetic co-operation in 
promoting its welfare among all those who are in any way related to 
or connected with the Institute. 

"One of the great problems that was before us — ^that of securing 
an able, devoted leader, a worthy successor to Rogers and Walker 
— has been most happily solved. And we are now prepared to 
take up the next great problem, which is that of replacing the old 
temporary plant of the Institute, in its crowded surroundings, by a 
modem and permanent one, situated in a location which will better 
admit of the highest development of the Institute. As a supple- 
mentary expression of our immediate aims, I would therefore 
give you — ^'the Institute, with its old standards and ideals, new- 
built on a new state.*" 

Mr. Snow introduced the President-elect as one who claims no 
clime nor country, but in the broadest and best sense as a man of 
the world, trained as a teacher and administrator, a close student 
of man as well as of matter, and builder of the new Technology 
that is to be. Dr. Maclaurin spoke as follows: — 

Mr, President^ your Excellency^ Ladies and Gentlemen^ — ^May I say at the 
veiy outset that the fact that in addressing its members I can use that term 
"ladies" is to my mind one of the most hopeful and significant features of 
the Institute. Now, ladies and gendemen, you have all, at some time or 
other, experienced the pleasure of a hearty send-ofF, with your friends 
around you, smiling faces, waving handkerchiefs, and all the signs of good 
will. You feel assured that the ship on which you stand is the very best 
that is afloat, and that the dangers and difficulties of travel have been 
immensely exaggerated by the stay-at-homes. And you also feel that the 

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long» relentless roll of the ocean that you will probably encounter later is 
a thing that at such a time ought not to be considered at all. Now, I expect 
that it is with the view of putting me in some such frame of mind that you 
have invited me to be your guest to-ni^t, and through your speakers have 
said so many things that cannot fail to please. I need not say that I feel 
grateful for this expression of your kindly feeling, and hope that the rela- 
tions between the President and the alumni will always be maintained at 
this hi^ level of cordiality. In that respect the Institute began wonderfully 
well, for I read that at the very first annual meeting of the alumni it was 
resolved "that we tender to President Rogers the expression of our love 
and gratitude." I believe that that feeling toward the President has been 
maintained ri^t down to the present time. At any rate, if I may speak 
for myself, I have received from the members of the Association letters and 
telegrams assuring me of the utmost cordiality and good will. And I can- 
not fail to be touched by such expressions and to be braced for strenuous 
action by the assurance of your cordial sympathy. 

Now, on such an occasion and with so much encouragement, one can 
scarcely fail to be hopeful even if not unduly optimistic. It seems to me 
that, whatever mistakes I may make, the Institute must be carried along 
on the rising tide of science. We have all noticed that the tide of human 
achievement rises and falls somewhat irregularly. Now it seems to come 
in very slowly, so that you can hardly be sure that there is any motion at all. 
Again it advances with a rush, and carries everything before it. At the ebb 
one is apt to be pessimistic. And so, not so very long ago, a distinguished 
professor of this country deemed it necessary to combat in a spirited ad- 
dress the idea then prevailing that the day of science had ended, and that 
there was nothing more of the first importance for science to discover. That, 
I may say, was before the day of Faraday and of the wonders in physics 
and chemistiy and biology that have followed since. Now, this Institute 
was founded when the tide of achievement was veiy hig^. Think of those 
wonderful years around i860! It would be difficult to fix your attention 
on a more interesting period in the world of activity. In active political 
life, you know that the clouds were gathering that broke into the awful 
storm of the Civil War, one of the most terrible as also one of the most 
glorious in human history. There are men here to-ni^t who will naturally 
think of that war on its awful side. They know, having seen it, what it 
really meant in blood and treasure. But those of us who are of a younger 
generation are much more likely to think of its glorious side, — the splen- 
did victory that it won for human freedom and the federal idea. 

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An Outpouring of Alumni 185; 

Now, those are two ideas — federation and freedom — that have dominated 
the political worid ever since. You know, of course, that the federal idea 
was not a new one, but you know also that men gravely doubted whether 
it could stand the test of modem conditions. And you know how impor- 
tant was the decision not only for this country, but for most of the world, — 
how it affected Switzerland, how it affected Germany, how it affected large 
and important parts of the British empire, such as Canada, Australia and 
South Africa. But, great as was the importance of the idea of federation, 
there was another idea that took its rise at the same time, which most of ufr. 
will probably agree was even more important. And that was the idea of 
development, of evolution, if you prefer that term. You remember that it 
was in 1859 that Darwin's "Origin of Species" appeared. It was in the* 
same year that the principles of spectrum analysis were clearly explained,^ 
and it was just about the same time that Maine's '"Ancient Law" was pub- 
lished. All these gave an immense impetus to the idea of development. 
You all know more or less of what Darwin did for biology. * You all know 
probably something of what spectrum analysis has done for the idea of 
development in a larger sphere. It has enabled us to trace, not the rise and' 
fall of a mere species, not the decline of a Roman empire, but the growth 
and gradual decay of solar systems and the like. And as for Maine's. 
"Ancient Law," it set men's minds working along the lines of the historical 
development of human institutions, — a field that has proved so fascinating, 
and so fruitful in the intervening years. 

Now, a time that could give rise to such far-reaching ideas was no ordi- 
nary time. And it was just at this time that the idea of the Institute germi- 
nated in the fertile brain of Professor Rogers. He, trained as a pure scien- 
tist, saw clearly the coming of the day of applied science. And he saw 
also clearly that it was the duty of this community to prepare itself for 
the important changes that would be wrought by the coming of that age^ 
And I think that there could have been no greater effort of statesmanship^ 
and patriotism than that of William Barton Rogers, and little or nothings 
that could have been nobler, if you have a proper prospective of the vast 
human interests involved. 

Since that day the tide of science has ebbed and flowed a good deal. Sci- 
ence has suffered not a little from foolish advocacy. It early had to fi^t its 
way into schools and colleges, and got into a foolish conflict with human- 
ism, as if there could be any real conflict between science and humanism*. 
And then, again, some men of science, mostly of the rank and file, but with 
a few of the leaders, made exaggerated claims as to the domain of science^ 

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and they proposed by its means to solve problems that had hitherto defied 
solution. In due time they, too, "came out at the same door wherein they 
went." And this led to not a little disappointment and not a little foolish 
talk about the bankruptcy of science. One good result of that has been that 
men of science now see more clearly what are their real limitations. Fix- 
ing their attention on their proper work, they are now once more upon the 
rising tide. For all of you who are in touch with research know that this is 
one of the great epochs in the history of science. Many problems that have 
long been stumbling-blocks in the path of science are being solved; and in 
chemistry, physics and biology advances are being made that we all regard 
as epoch-making. 

Now, what has all this to do with Technology ? Much every way. For, 
as Dr. Noyes has reminded you, and you probably well know, there is the 
closest possible relation between pure science and applied science. And 
with an alert people you can reasonably expect a great day for applied sci- 
ence to follow rapidly on a golden age of research. I think that the pres- 
ence here toni^t of Dr. Woodward is a significant fact. He, as you know, 
presides over an institution that is destined to play a great part in the his- 
tory of the world, — an institution devoted wholly to the prosecution and 
encouragement of research. I think that our admiration for Dr. Wood- 
ward, and those of us who know him personally will admit no limits to that 
admiration, — I think that admiration typifies the attitude of Technology 
to research. 

My point is that, as we are now again on the rising tide of science, we 
have reason to be hopeful in Technology. Whether the tide will rise as high 
as that in the period of i860 and thereabouts, it is difficult to say. But, 
even if it does not, there are features of the situation which should make us 
hopeful. See how different are the conditions under which we must work 
from those the dauntless founders of this Institute had to face. In those 
days science had scarcely begun to come into its own. Even its contribu- 
tions to material advancement were grudgingly admitted and what it had 
done for morals and for the intellect was scarcely appreciated at all. Even 
today I doubt very much if these things are properiy recognized. However, 
all men, all thinking men at least, are beginning to see that there has come 
about within the last fifty years an enormous change along the line of free- 
dom of thought. And all men recognize that that change is mainly due 
to science. It is also mainly to science that is due the general recognition 
of the principles that should guide our personal and national life, founded 
on ideas of law and of order. But perhaps more important than all is 

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the general spread of a thorough open-mindedness. This is something which 
touches us on the moral, on the intellectual, and on the practical side of life. 
And nowhere is it more important than in the field of Technology. 

Some of you have read an article under the very attractive title, "How to 
win Fortune," written some twenty years ago hy Mr. Carnegie. He dis- 
cusses, among other things, the college education of the day. And, after 
making a list of the leading men of business in this country, he says, "The 
almost total absence of the college-bred man from this list is to be deeply 
pondered." He tries to explain the absence. And then he goes on to say 
that a different state of things is to be expected and is actually found with 
those who have been trained in the newer schools of technology. He says 
that those young men have a great advantage in that they are free from 
prejudice and thoroughly open-minded. I hope that that is true, for it 
seems to me that, if it is true, it is quite sufficiently important in itself to 
make us spend all our lives in the service of Technology. 

Now, while the refining and devadng effects of science were little recog- 
nized, and even its very utility in practice was doubted, it is not surprising 
that it was neglected in the schools. It was met by opposition from unex- 
pected quarters. Men strove to show, and they succeeded in getting people 
to believe, that there was something inhuman about science, or the teach- 
ing of it, and that, lacking humanity, it did not afford a good training ground 
for men of affairs. I believe that view is current even today, and that people 
don't sufficiently recognize what utter nonsense it really is. I hope, how- 
ever, I need not say to you that this institution, or any similar one, could not 
better be described than as a great public service corporation, — an institu- 
tion specially designed to train men to serve their fellows and to serve them 
well by a thorough knowlege of the needs of the modem man. And I need 
not tell you that not only is this institution well designed for such a purpose, 
but that it actually turns out men able and ready to play their part in public 
life. The fact that we have with us tonight an alumnus who is the leading 
man of affairs in this state is sufficient evidence of that. 

I have said so much about the changing attitude toward science in gen- 
eral that I have left myself little time to say anything about the changing 
attitude toward applied science. But that is something so well recognized 
that I need scarcely mention it. Think of the fact that, when Rogers 
founded this Institute, he had to write to a parent that there was not a single 
school in the whole of this country where a man could be trained in mining 
or metallurgy. We have changed all that. And now it is generally recog- 
nized that you can test the intelligence of a nation by its attitude to applied 

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science. And so I think we have reason to be hopeful on general grounds 
as to the prospects of such an Institute as this. 

Now, I notice that at the very first meeting of the Alumni Association 
it was agreed that you should meet annually and that at such meetings 
you should freely discuss the condition and the policy of the Institute and 
freely criticise it. I have no doubt that there has been some such discus- 
sion and criticism tonight. And I want to urge upon you your duty of 
communicating that candid discussion and criticism to those of us who are 
primarily responsible for the government of the Institute. If you are young 
graduates, you are probably conscious of your shortcomings as you are 
turned from the mint, and you may have suggestions that will be helpful 
in putting your successors in a better position. If, on the other hand, 
you are older graduates, then you will at least have had means of testing 
the fitness or lack of fitness of the younger men who come into your employ. 
And, of course, your knowledge of the actual conditions of life should make 
anything you have to say, any suggestions you have to make, of the greatest 

The other thing that was to be discussed, according to your original reso- 
lution, was the policy of the Institute. At this late hour I need say little 
about that. You are probably aware that I don't come here to change 
your policy. I come, rather, to carry out, with the best of my ability, a 
policy that has been well established and of which I thoroughly ap- 
prove. You are also probably aware that, as far as our problems are con- 
cerned, in my judgment the most pressing problem we have to face is the 
provision of a proper site and buildings for this Institute. It seems to me 
a sort of irony of fate that on the veiy first occasion I meet with you I should 
have to talk about buildings and sites, for I have so often criticised the edu- 
cational authorities for acting as if buildings made the institution. I hope 
you will not misunderstand me in this, for the Institute of Technology does 
not require to be made. It is made. Great as is your loyalty and enthusi- 
asm for the Institute, I doubt if you fully realize its truly international rep- 
utation. That reputation is due largely to the broad lines on which it was 
laid out by Rogers and to the splendid work done by Rogers' successors, in 
particular General Walker. The fact that it needs a change of site now is 
due not to its failure, but to its success, to its present greatness. And it 
seems to me that, this fact being recognized, the sooner we make the change, 
the better. 

Of course, this change will lay a heavy burden of work and responsibility 
upon us all. And I need not say that there can be little hope of success unless 

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An Outpouring of Alumni 189 

we have your active and whole-hearted sympathy and support. You can 
help in countless ways, as Dr. Noyes has suggested, not only directly, but 
indirectly by your influence upon others. I suppose that the first thing to 
do will be to organize your efforts. But this country has such a genius 
for organization that I need not do more than suggest such an obvious 
fact. Then, possibly, our greatest hope, for financial support at least, 
lies in the state of Massachusetts. But that state and its capital are famous 
throu^out the world for the knowledge-seeking spirit of their citizens, 
and the interests of those citizens are so intimately bound up with the appli- 
cations of science that it seems to me they can hardly fail to recognize the 
claims of Technology. I think also it is extremely improbable that the citi- 
zens of this state will allow to languish an institution that has done them so 
great a credit in the eyes of the outside world. But this institution is not 
merely a local affair, so that we can look beyond this state for aid. I under- 
stand that it draws almost half of its students from other parts of the Union. 
And, that being so, we can well expect support from a distance as well as 
from our immediate nei^borhood. 

The citizens of this country have a reputation for liberality. They have 
also a reputation for being thoroughly practical, practical to the core, and 
it would be a strange paradox if they should prove illiberal to so practical 
an institution and one so thoroughly deserving of support. 

Dr. Robert S. Woodward, president of the Carnegie Institution, 
who was predecessor of Dr. Madaurin in the chair of mathemati- 
cal physics at Columbia, was the next speaker. Professor Wood- 
ward spoke of the beginnings of the schools of technology in America 
in what appeared to him to be a heroic age. ''It was the epoch of 
the emergence of the scientific school and of the new order of train- 
ing,'' he said. ''As Professor Madaurin has indicated to you, the 
schools of science came to the front with difiliculty. They arose, 
not by reason of the other and the older forms of education, but 
in spite of them. They have therefore, in addition to their initial 
and main purpose for existence, accomplished a great work. They 
have shown us, in addition to their main purpose, that there can 
be no such thing as a trust on culture. The older schools of learn- 
ing, known as the humanistic schools, look down upon the rising 
tide of sdence to which Professor Madaurin has referred, the dde 
which has brought on our modem schools of technology and science. 

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190 The Technology Review 

They were crowded with the young man who studied Latin and 
Greek in order that he might earn a living by teaching others that 
they possessed higher moral qualities than the man who studied 
engineering in order that he might learn how to build bridges that 
would not fall down and kill folks/' Professor Woodward spoke 
of the development of the graduate schools and research work and 
the diflSculties that beset a modem institution that is pioneering 
along these lines. 

Mr. Edwin S. Webster ('88), the newly elected president of the 
Alumni Association, who was next introduced, called special atten- 
tion to the importance and dignity of the new Alumni Council, 
which, he said, would be able to aid the Institute in a veiy mate- 
rial way. Mr. Webster emphasized the importance of the Reunion, 
and asked for the co-operation of every man in order that it may 
accomplish its full measure of success. 

New Term Members of the G>rporation 

At the stated meeting of the Corporation held March 10 the 
Corporation selected three men as term members from the five 
names presented. The three successful candidates are Walter 
B. Snow ('82), of Boston, Theodore W. Robinson ('84), of Chicago, 
Charles R. Richards ('85), of New York. These men will serve for 
a period of five years. The three term members of the Corpora- 
tion who were selected to serve for the first period were retired 
on the election of the new members. The retiring members are 
F. H. Newell ('85) and E. S. Stevens ('68), Richard H. Soule, who 
was one of the three term members whose term expired in 1909, 
having recently died. 

Class news this issue is unusually full. The classes not repre- 
sented are >, >i, >2, >3, >4, >6, '77, '80, '83, '90, '91, ^03. We 
hope that in the near future every class will be represented. 

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New Alumni Council 191 


Members of the new Alumni Council have now been named, 
except the representatives of some of the local alunmi associations. 
The first meeting of the council will probably be held about the 
middle of June, when it is expected that the alumni will be asked 
to co-operate with the Corporation and Faculty in definite ways. 
The council is so organized that it is free to accomplish things 
without restraint, and the whole Association looks to it for results. 

The council is made up as follows: — 
Five latest living ex-presidents: — 

W. B. Snow. Frank L. Locke. 

Everett Morss. Samuel J. Mixter. 

Frederick H. Newell. 

Local societies of the M. L T. and representatives: — 

Technology Qub of the Merrimack Valley, George Bowers 

Washington Society of the M. L T., L W. Litchfield C85). 

Technology Qub of Philadelphia, Percy E. Tillson ('06). 

Technology Club of New York, Francis G. Green C95). 

Pittsburg Technology Association, Warren L Bickford Coi). 

North-western Association of M. L T, L W. Litchfield ('85). 

Rocky Mountain Technology Club, representative not 

Technology Club of the Connecticut Valley, representative not 

Technology Club of BuflFalo, represenutive not appointed. 
The Cincinnati M. L T. Qub, represenutive not appointed. 
Annapolis Society of the M. L T., representative not appointed. 
Technology Gub of Rhode Island, represenutive not appointed. 
Technology Club of New Bedford, representative not appointed. 
Technology Qub of Hartford, Conn., represenutive not 


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Vermont Technology Association, represenutive not appointed. 
Technology Club of Minnesota, representative not appointed. 
Technology Qub of Northern Ohio, representative not 

The Technology Qub of the South, represenutive not 

Technology Club of Central Pennsylvania, represenutive not 

Technology Club of Northern California, representative not 

Technology Gub of Southern California, representative not 

M. I. T. Qub of Central New York, representative not 

Inland Empire Association of the M. I. T., representative not 

Technology Association of Oregon, representative not appointed. 
Technology Qub of Puget Sound, representative not appointed. 
Detroit Association of the M. I. T., representative not appointed. 

Represenutives at large: — 

To serve for one year. 
Edward Cunningham C91). 
Joseph H. Knight ('96). 
H. Souther C87). 
J. Swan C91). 
A. Winslow C81). 

Qass represenutives: — 

'68, Robert H. Richards. 
'69, Howard A. Carson. 
'70, E. K. Turner. 
>i, E. W. Rollins. 
'72, Maurice B. Patch. 
>3, F. H. Williams. 
'74, George H. Barms. 

To serve for two years. 
C. R. Cross, C70). 
A. D. Little C85). 
Charles T. Main C76). 
G. F. Swain ('77). 
J. P. Tolman ('68). 

*75, Thomas Hibbard. 
'76, John R. Freeman. 
>7, R. A. Hale. 
>8, C. M. Baker. 
>9, E. C. Miller. 
'80, George H. Barton. 
'81, John Duff. 

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New Alumni Council 


'82, James P. Munroe. 
'83, Harvey S. Chase. 
'84, Harry W. Tyler. 
'85, I. W. Litchfield. 
*86, Arthur G. Robbins. 
'87, E. G. Thomas. 
*88, A. T. Bradlee. 
'89, Walter H. Kilham. 
'90, William Z. Ripley. 
'91, Charles Garrison. 
*92, Leonard Metcalf. 
'93, Frederic H. Fay. 
'94, S. C. Prescott. 
'95, Andrew D. Fuller. 

'96, J. A. Rockwell. 
'97, C. W. Bradlee. 
*98, C.-E. A. Winslow. 
'99, H. J. Skinner. 
'00, H. E. Osgood. 
*oi, Robert L. Williams. 
*02, C. A. Sa¥7yer, Jr. 
'03, F. A. Olmsted. 
'04, M. L. Emerson. 
'05, G. DeW. Marcy. 
*o6, George F. Hobson. 
*07, Lawrence Allen. 
'08, H. A. Rapelye. 

Two More Trophy Gips 

Benjamin Hurd C96), has offered a cup for competition at the 
annual Technology spring class meet in the 120-yard high hurdles 
event on a similar basis as the oflFers of cups in the mile run and the 
440-yard dash recently made by J. L. Batchelder, Jr. ('90), and 
Dr. J. Arnold Rockwell ('96), respectively. A separate cup will 
be given each spring, and the cup becomes the permanent property 
of the winner of the event. 

''Ben'' Hurd established a Technology record of 16 3-5 in the 
high hurdles in 1894. This record stood until Ovington made 
16 2-5 in the Dartmouth meet at Hanover in 1903. Hurd also 
held for a time the record of 26 1-5S in the low hurdles, making it 
in 1895. 

Major Frank H. Briggs (*8i), has just donated a cup to be given 
to the best all-round athlete at the Institute. This is to be renewed 
by the donor each year, so that the cup becomes the permanent 
possession of the winner. 

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194 The Technology Review 


He will succeed Professor Swain as Hayward Professor of 
Civil Elngineering 

The Executive Committee of the Corporation at its stated meeting 
on Friday, February 26, voted to appoint Professor Charles M. 
SpofFord ('93) to the Hayward Professorship of Civil Engineering, 
which will become vacant at the beginning of the next school year 
through the resignation of Professor George F. Swain. The Depart- 
ment of Civil and Sanitary Engineering will be organized for the 
ensuing year upon the following basis: Professors Allen, Porter, 
SpofFord and Robbins will be asked to take charge of the instruc- 
tion in railroad engineering, hydraulic engineering, structural engi- 
neering and topographical engineering, respectively. Professor 
Allen will be asked to act as administrative officer of the depart- 
ment in its general relations, Professor SpoflFord to act as repre- 
sentative of the course in Civil Engineering in its relations with the 
Faculty and with students, and Professor Porter to act as repre- 
senutive of the course in Sanitary Engineering in similar relations. 

Mr. SpoflFord was graduated from the Putnam School in New- 
buryport in 1889, and entered the Institute, receiving the degree 
of Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering in 1893. During the 
following summer and fall he was engaged in field and office 
work upon the survey of the Massachusetts and Vermont boundary 
line. At the opening of the second term of the school year 1893-94 
he returned to the Institute to take up a post-graduate course in 
civil engineering under Professor Swain. After completing his 
post-graduate studies in 1894, Mr. SpoflFord entered the employ of 
the Phoenix Bridge Company of Phoenixville, Pa., remaining there 
until October, 1896, when he resigned to become assistant in civil 
engineering at the Institute, but returned for the summers of 1897 
to 1900, inclusive. He thus received nearly three years of training 
in the engineering corps of one of the leading bridge companies of 

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Professor Spoffbrd Selected • 195 

this country. During the nine years that Mr. Spofford was con- 
nected with the teaching staff of the Institute, he spent several sum- 
mer vacations and some time during the school year in the employ 
of the Engineering Department of the City of Boston as assistant 
engineer upon the design of a number of bridges, including the 
Broadway, Atlantic Avenue and Northern Avenue bridges, and upon 
miscellaneous structural work. At that rime the bridge work of the 
city was under the charge of the late John £. Cheney, who was one 
of the ablest structural engineers in this country, and who achieved 
a wide reputadon through the excellence of his designs. During 
that period Mr. Spofford was associated with Mr. Cheney in con- 
suldng work upon bridges and buildings. He has examined and 
reported upon the condition of a number of bridges and other struct- 
ures, and, as consulting engineer for the Boston Elevated Company, 
examined, reported upon and designed the re-enforcement required 
to place a number of Boston bridges in condition for heavy street 
car traffic. The work included a very original and ingenious design 
for strengthening the Boylston Street bridge over the Boston & 
Albany Railroad. Since going to Brooklyn, Professor Spofford 
has been employed by the city of New York as an expert upon a 
question relating to the strength of mortar. He has also done ex- 
perimental work for one of the prominent contractors of New York 
and for one of the larger asphalt companies of the city. His prin- 
cipal consulting work in New York has been that done during the 
summer of 1908, when with Mr. C. W. Hudson he investigated the 
strength of the Blackwell's Island bridge, a statistically indetermi- 
nate work, requiring the application of the highest principles of 
structural design for its solution. This is the second largest and 
heaviest bridge in the world, and the experience gained in this in- 
vestigation is one which few engineers are fortunate enough to 
obtain. Professor Spofford has an office in New York, where he 
is associated with Mr. Hudson, in a firm of consulting engineers. 
Professor Spofford was a member of the instructing staff of the 
Institute from 1896 to 1903. At the Institute he taught bridge 
design and structures, and he gave the course in foundations during 
the latter portion of his stay. He was engaged also in surveying 

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196 The Technology Review 

field work and in the railroad survey. In 1905 he was appointed 
professor of civil engineering at the Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute. 
At this time this institution was entering upon a new career under 
a new president, and he was engaged to reorganize the civil engi- 
neering department. This he has done so thoroughly that the 
standard now existing there is probably excelled by few, if any, 
institutions in the country. Since going to Brooklyn, he has taught 
hydraulics and mechanics of materials throughout the four years, 
and for two years has uught the subjects of public water supply 
and sewage disposal. From the beginning he has taught a course 
in foundations, and has taken personal charge of all work in struct- 
ures and bridge design, the two latter subjects being the strongest 
feature of the civil engineering course. A nouble feature of his 
work in Brooklyn has been his evening lectures upon structures 
and his Saturday afternoon exercises in bridge design. These 
lectures are taken by adults of from twenty to forty years of age 
who are engaged in acrive engineering work in and about New York, 
most of these men being graduates of college and other technical 
schools, including graduates of the Institute. In connection with 
his teaching at Brooklyn, Professor Spoffbrd is preparing a very 
complete work on Structures, which will conuin much original 
matter and be of great practical use, the aim being to prepare a 
thorough treatment of the fundamental principles and to illustrate 
these principles by numerous examples; higher types of structures 
being also treated in a clear and practical way. Professor Spoffbrd 
is a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers, of the Bos- 
ton Society of Civil Engineers and of the Brooklyn Engineers' Club. 
Of the latter he is a director, and for the last year has been chair- 
man of its committee on entertainments. He has been a member 
of the committee on re-enforced concrete of the National Associa- 
tion of Cement Users, and is a member of the Society for the Pro- 
motion of Engineering Education. He is also a member of the 
Hamilton Club of Brooklyn, the leading social club of that city. 

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Professor Swain to Leave 197 


Strength of Civil Elngineering Department Largely Due 
to His Administraticm 

Professor George Fillmore Swain^ who has been for many years 
head of the Department of Civil Engineering at the Institute, has 
keen appointed Professor of Civil Engineering in the Harvard Gradu- 
ate School of Applied Science, and will enter upon his duties there 
next fall. Professor Swain was bom in San Francisco, March 2, 
1857. He graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technol- 
ogy with the class of ^yy. Immediately following his graduation 
he spent three years at the Royal Engineering School at Berlin, de- 
voting his attention largely to the study of structures, hydraulics 
and railroads. On his return to this country in 1880 what may 
be called his first professional work was in the capacity of special 
agent on the Tenth Census, in investigating the water power em- 
ployed in manufactories on the Atlantic slope, this work not being 
completed until 1882. He came to the Institute as Instructor with 
General Francis A. Walker, Director of the Census, when the latter 
became President of the Institute in 1881. In 1883 he became 
Assistant Professor, and in 1887, shortly after the retirement of 
Professor G. L Vose, he was promoted to the charge of the De- 
partment of Civil Engineering with rank of Professor, and has held 
that position until now. He was young to be advanced to a post of 
this importance, but it was early demonstrated that the choice was 
justified. About this time occurred the failure of the Bussey Bridge, 
near Forest Hills. Although substantially without practical ex- 
perience in structural work at that time. Professor Swain's analy- 
sis of the causes of the disaster and his evident grasp of the subject 
produced so favorable an impression that he was selected as the best 
man available for the position of engineering expert for the Rail- 
road Commission, — an office newly created as a result of the 
accident. This, apparently, was to him the opportunity which 

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198 The Technology Review 

comes sooner or later to most competent men. He accepted it, 
and made good. It is not improbable that the ability he showed 
in the case of this investigation was an element which influenced his 
appointment to the charge of the Department of Civil Engineer- 
ing. His success, both as engineer and as teacher, has far more 
than justified his selection in both capacities. 

As engineer of the Railroad Commission, he has necessarily as- 
sumed responsibility for the safety of all the railroad and street rail- 
way bridges of the state; and it is worthy of note that he devoted 
his efforts to securing results rather than to acquiring distinction by 
alarming the public, as he might have done at the outset. 

In 1894 he was appointed by the mayor of Boston one of the 
three members originally composing the Transit Commission, of 
which he is now the senior member. The success of the commis- 
sion has been unusual. The work first intrusted to it was com- 
pleted promptly and well within the original estimates. It is 
probable that no similar work has been accomplished elsewhere with 
so little disturbance of the streets and interference of traflic as has 
been the case in this work, even in the narrow streets of Boston. 
The East Boston tunnel, a late part of its work, is also a very fine 
example of engineering construction. Success in such work depends 
largely on the selection of the right men to carry it on, and 
there is little doubt that Professor Swain, the engineer member 
of the commission, was largely responsible for the securing as chief 
engineer of the Transit Commission H. A. Carson, M. I. T. '69, 
who has unusual fertility of resource in difficult sub-surface work. 

As an engineer, Professor Swain has been appointed a member 
of several commissions for the abolition of grade crossings, and has 
also been consulting or designing engineer for highway bridges 
and for several important public buildings, besides serving as ex- 
pert in court cases. He is a member of two foreign engineer- 
ing societies, the Institution of Civil Engineers of London and the 
Society of Engineers and Architects of Hanover, Germany. He 
is a member of a number of engineering and technical societies in 
this country, the most important being the American Society of 
Civil Engineers, of which he is now a vice-president. He also served 

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Professor Swain to Leave 199 

this society for a time as chairman of its committee on uniform 
tests of cement, — a committee which has done very important work 
in standardizing cement testing in this country. He has been an 
active member of a similar committee of the Society for Testing 

He was elected president of the Boston Society of Civil Engineers 
in 1896, and in his presidential address he urged upon engineers 
the necessity of devoting more attention to securing breadth and 
culture, both by reading and by closer contact with non-engineer- 
ing people in clubs and otherwise. He is himself a member of the 
Commercial Gub, a business body, and of the St. Botolph Club, 
a social club with literary and ardstic tendencies. He has recently 
been appointed a member of the National Conservation Commis- 
sion, for which his training in hydraulics and his experience on the 
census especially fit him. 

He has made a number of engineering publications. His notes 
on hydraulics and his notes on structures have been restricted in 
circulation to his classes. The Journal of the Franklin Institute 
published two contributions by him in 1883, — ^''Mohr's Graphical 
Theory of Earth Pressures*' and "The Application of Virtual 
Velocities to the Determination of the Deflection and Stresses of 
Frames.*' His paper before the American Society of Civil Engi- 
neers in 1887 on "The Calculation of Stresses in Bridges for Actual 
Concentrated Loads" called special attention to the use of "in- 
fluence, lines." All three of these are important papers, which have 
been very well received and have had a definite eflPect upon advanced 
practice in this country. 

As an educator, he has been prominent. He was elected president 
of the Society for the Promotion of Engineering Education in 1894. 
His presidential address upon "The Profession of Engineering 
Teaching" emphasized the importance of the teaching side, and 
pointed out that, however able as an engineer the professor of en- 
gineering may be, he must be first of all a teacher. He has him- 
self always been interested in the teaching side of his work. His 
eflbrt has been notably to force his students to think. He has been 
the drill-master in a subject peculiariy adapted to drill; and exact- 

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200 The Technology Review 

ingy as one must be to secure results. He was trained to habits of 
thorough work in study by Professor J. B. Henck, who was one of 
the teachers in the early history of the Institute who had very great 
influence in fixing the high standards then and now characteristic of 
its work. 

Professor Swain's views of the importance of good teaching have 
become the views of his department. All of the professors and in- 
structors are interested in teaching as well as in engineering. This 
has come about in part as the result of his own training of many of 
them; in part through securing men whose views were consistent 
with his; in part, by a general welding together of opinions. Under 
his charge the staff of the department has grown from one pro- 
fessor, one assistant professor, two instructors, and one assistant, 
to a force of four professors, two associate professors, two in- 
structors and eight assistants. It is an interesting fact that, in 
selecting new men for teaching in the department, he has invariably 
selected men who have had the Institute training, except in the case 
of one or two young assistants, who however were not advanced. 
There has grown up in this way and now exists a harmonious de* 
partment, having the same teaching ideas as his own. It goes with- 
out saying that the department has become so strong that it will be 
capable of standing alone when Professor Swain leaves it. It would 
indeed be a poor tribute to the efliciency of his administration to 
suggest otherwise. 

Among the qualities which have specially contributed to his suc- 
cess as an engineer and a teacher may be mentioned his quickness 
in thought and action, his power of clear thinking, his skill as a 
mathematician. Moreover, he has an almost phenomenal capacity 
for work. He has never spared himself, and the work he has carried 
would have proved a burden too heavy for many to bear. What 
wonder, then, that after twenty-nine years of strenuous work he finds 
it wise to accept a position which will be free from administrative 
care, and in which the smaller classes will make the demands for 
instruction less pressing. 

Professor Swain takes with him to his new position the best 
wishes of his Faculty associates and of the large number of his 
former students who have profited from his teaching. 

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Resignation of Professor Clifford 201 


An Appreciation of his Work in the Electrical Elngineering 


On January 21, announcement was made that Professor Harry E. 
CliflFord, of the Department of Electrical Engineering, had accepted 
the position of Professor of Electrical Engineering at the Harvard 
Graduate School of Applied Science. 

It is a striking commentary on the rapid development of the 
Institute that, on the retirement from its Faculty of a man who is 
still young, one can say that during his connection with the Mas- 
sachusetts Institute of Technology it has grown from an institution 
with an enrolment of six hundred and thirty-seven students and a 
Faculty of twenty-five members to a great scientific school with 
one thousand four hundred and sixty-two students who are guided 
by a faculty of ninety-two professors; that during the same time, 
four new courses of instruction have been added; that a great 
awakening to the needs of our students along other than scientific 
lines has taken place; and that the responsibilities of the Institute 
to the public have not only become appreciated, but have been made 
the subject of earnest study by those who love her best. To the 
later development of the Institute no one has more heartily and un- 
selfishly devoted himself than Professor Clifford, and it is only just 
that his services should be appreciated and recognized. 

Professor Clifford was graduated from the Institute in 1886, at 
the age of twenty, after taking the then newly established course in 
Electrical Engineering. He entered at once upon what proved to 
be his life-work, that of the teacher. Subjects of a mathematical 
nature possessed a peculiar attraction for him; and during the years 
which may be called his years of preparation, he had charge of 
practically all our instruction in Mathematical Physics, giving 
courses in Mechanics, Acoustics, Astronomy, Precision of Measure- 
ments, Theory of Potential, Theoretical Optics, Wave Theory, 

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202 The Technology Review 

Calculus, Photometry, Theoretical Electricity, and Heat, — ^the 
latter to the entire third-year class. During this period he also 
studied at Harvard University Advanced Mathematics, Mathe- 
matical Physics, Music and Fine Arts, and served as assistant at 
the Harvard College observatory. To the formal studies must 
be added the advantages derived from observation during extensive 
travel both in this country and in Europe. Thus was laid that store 
of scientific and general knowledge that has so vitalized the teach- 
ing of later years, and imparted a remarkable perspecdve to all his 

Professor Clifford's specialized teaching may be said to have 
begun in 1891, at which time he first gave courses in Periodic Cur- 
rents. From that time to the present there has been steady prog- 
ress, more than keeping pace with the increasing industrial appli- 
cations of alternating currents, his courses in Alternating Current 
Machinery becoming the very keystone of the instruction in electri- 
cal engineering. Not the least remarkable feature of these courses 
has been the demonstration of an extraordinary ability to deal with 
large classes in abstruse subjects. 

In 1 90 1 the course in electrical engineering was made a sepa- 
rate department of the Institute; and circumstances rendered it 
necessary for Professor Clifford to assume the executive work of the 
new department from its very beginning. In 1904 he was made 
acting head of the department and Professor of Theoretical and Ap- 
plied Electricity. 

It was in directing the Electrical Engineering Department and in 
his participation in outside but related activities, that Professor 
Clifford made his greatest contribution to the Institute. To this 
work he brought abounding enthusiasm, high ideals of the function 
of the teacher, definite ideas as to the manner in which that func- 
tion should be exercised and a personality which united both in- 
structing staff and students in an unusual degree. 

During Professor Clifford's administration the departmental 
policy was determined by conferences, and in these conferences 
no one hesitated to express his mind when it appeared to him that 
the welfare of the department or of the Institute was at stake. 

Digitized by 


Resignation of Professor Clifford 203 

The result, was, as might have been expected, a staff closely knit 
together by sympathy and common ideals and filled with enthusiasm 
and large plans for the future, the members of which carried to 
their class-rooms that confidence in the department and the In- 
stitute without which no teaching, however laboriously performed, 
can accomplish its full purpose. 

The order of development decided on was : first, to adjust the in- 
ternal arrangements of the department and to bring them to the 
highest possible efficiency; second, to adjust the relations with other 
departments of the Institute in like manner; third, to deftlop 
graduate work and investigation; fourth, to take up the larger 
relations of electrical engineering education to the industrial public. 
The internal development of the department presented many prob- 
lems of interest and of great educational importance. That first 
attacked was the matter of laboratory instruction. Of all instru- 
ments of education, an engineering laboratory is perhaps the one 
most likely to yield permanent results of a value so small that they 
are entirely incommensurate with the expense of maintenance and 
expenditure of students' time. In these days of large classes this 
is much truer than formerly, for the tendency toward routine both 
on the part of students and the instructing staff is, in these days of 
crowded cuniculums, only overcome by the greatest effort; and it 
frequently happens that an engineering laboratory course which 
should be one of the most effective methods of instruction becomes 
one of the least. Again, there is frequently a lack of correlation 
between the laboratory and lecture work, which results in a great 
Toss of educational efficiency. A clear perception of these dangers 
led to the establishment of the present laboratory scheme of the 
Department of Electrical Engineering. Briefly stated, it is this: 
Before going into the laboratoiy, each student is required to write 
a preliminary report on the subject-matter of his experimental 
work. These reports are written in the class-room, and are care- 
fully criticised before the student is allowed to go into the labora- 
tory. Each student must personally consult the professor in charge 
with respect to any errors in his preliminary report before perform- 
ing the experiment. This brings every student into close personal 

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204 The Technology Review 

contact with the teaching staff. The experiments assigned are of 
an educational nature, illustrating the points of fundamental impor- 
tance previously taken up in the lecture-room. Thus close correla- 
tion of lecture and laboratory work becomes one of the chief char- 
acteristics of this method of instruction. This matter is insisted 
upon as of fundamental importance. This really great advance in 
laboratory methods would have been impossible of accomplish- 
ment but for the self-sacrificing devotion of Professor R. R. Law- 
rence, who at the beginning took entire charge of the execution of 
this plan, which has given the Institute the most effective system 
of electrical engineering laboratory instruction in the country. 

Himself an expert as a lecturer, Professor Qifford long ago 
appreciated the weakness of the purely lecture system of instruction 
which arises from lack of intimate acquaintance with the individual 
needs of students. G)nsequently, class-room instruction was sub- 
stituted for lectures wherever it was possible. Where this could not 
be done, recitations supplementary to the lectures were introduced. 
Professor Gifford assumed his full share of the quiz work; and in 
this his power to vivify the intellectual life of young men became 
especially apparent. He was sympathetic when sympathy was 
needed, and, though he did not hesitate to administer a jolt where it 
would be effective, yet no man ever came from his class-room with 
lowered self-respect, but rather with renewed ambition. 

As a supplement to lecture work, problems hold a time-honored 
position, but such work often degenerates into a mere substitution 
in formulae, and becomes practically useless. To correct this ten- 
dency and put the problem work on a truly educational basis, Mr. 
C. A. Porter addressed himself, and it is due to his earnest efforts that 
we now have this work established in so satisfactory a manner. 
In the beginning there were groans and complaints from the students : 
they could not get the answers by substituting in a formula, and no 
two problems were alike; and the course was said to be too hard. 
However, it gradually dawned on them that they were acquiring 
a power of analysis to which they had before been strangers, and 
that facility in the mathematics of engineering could only be at- 
tained by practice, and many graduates have not hesitated to 

Digitized by 


Resignation of Professor Clifford 205 

ascribe to this part of their course great weight. The problem 
work brought the person in charge into such intimate relations with 
the students that what amounted to a tutorial system was estab- 
lished, and an immense amount of personal instruction adapted to 
the individual needs of the particular students was given. 

In all courses of study where the curriculum is crowded, there is 
a tendency for the students to focus their attention on the narrow 
field of the particular studies of the moment, and, to counteract this 
tendency, classes were formed for the discussion of current engineer- 
ing literature. Professor Qiffbrd took charge of this work, which, 
on account of his wide range of knowledge and practical experience, 
proved to be most stimulating. With the same object in view, 
systematic excursions to various interesting electrical installations 
were arranged as a part of the assigned work. 

Having a horror of that kind of instruction which merely con- 
<:ems itself with the cramming of students' minds with a mass 
of unrelated facts and changing details which are new today 
and obsolete tomorrow, or that which results in the mere 
acquirement of manual dexterity, Professor Clifford impressed 
upon every member of the department that the idea under- 
lying its policy was the development in the student of the 
power of analysis, — not in its narrow, mathematical sense, but in 
its broadest aspects. And he insisted that the instruction should 
be basic, devoting itself to the fundamentals which lie at the root of 
the profession of electrical engineering, believing that to subsequent 
experience should be left the acquirement of that practical knowl- 
edge which is the stock in trade of every engineer. In short, the 
•object of the course was to turn out men fitted to become engi- 
neers, not to turn out engineers. And in this the course differed 
materially from that pursued in many institutions. Taking this 
idea as a basis, all members of the department had much at heart 
a simplification of the curriculum and the working out of a course 
with the proper perspective, with just weights assigned to all the 
related branches of engineering, and much progress has been made 
in that direction. 

To one with Professor Clifford's broad views of what an engineer- 


Digitized by 


20)6 The Technology Review 

ing education should be, it is not surprising that he devoted himself 
with enthusiasm to the development of graduate work, especially 
in the field of Power Transmission and Advanced Theory of Al- 
ternating Currents. The lectures in these courses were most stimu- 
lating, the deductions often being in advance of current practice, 
and frequently the difficulties which would be encountered in the 
practical working out of proposed schemes would be clearly noted. 
The development at the Institute of a strong post-graduate course in 
electrical engineering, which would attract the best graduates of 
the best technical schools in the country and give them the most 
advanced instruction obtainable in any school on this side of the 
water, was one of Professor Clifford's dearest projects. To the 
development of this work he looked forward with the eager desire 
of an enthusiast. Appreciating that fruitful investigation requires 
thorough preparation and an intimate knowledge of th^ nature of 
the problems arising in electrical industries, plans for this class of 
work were broadly conceived, the foundadon being laid in thorough 
advanced instrucdon to be taken not only by the graduate students, 
but by the younger members of the instructing staff, that they might 
develop to meet their new duties in superintending investigations. 

The keen appreciation of the fact that the Institute exists to serve 
the public, and that to do this effectively requires a close connection 
with those responsible for great engineering developments, led to the 
organization of an advisory committee, the members of which are 
men of national reputation. That they consented to serve is a 
striking testimony to the interest of men of large affairs in educa- 
tional questions. This conunittee differs from the visiting com- 
mittees connected with other institutions, in that many of its mem- 
bers have no other Institute connection. 

The foregoing detailed consideration will show why Professor 
Qifford's administration was so rich in results to our students in 
electrical engineering. 

There were numerous activities in which he was engaged outside 
of the Institute, which contributed their part and reacted for the 
advantage of the student body. These activities resulted in a wide 
acquaintance with men of science and affairs throughout the coun- 

Digitized by 


Resignation of Professor Clifford 207 

try. Professor Qifford being a member of the American Institute 
of Electrical Engineers, serving on the Board of Managers and Past 
Chairman of the Boston Branch; a member of the Illuminating 
Engineering Society, the National Electric Light Association, 
the Society for the Promotion of Engineering Education; a FeUow 
of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and of the Ameri- 
can Association for the Advancement of Science; a member also of 
the Circolo Mathematica di Palermo. The New York University 
Gub and the Brae-Bum Country Club also include his name in 
their lists of members. To the acquaintance brought about by the 
membership and participation in the activities of these professional 
and social societies, must be added that which naturally arises from 
the practice of the engineering profession, for Professor Giffbrd 
has done much work of a consulting character. He has been referee 
in many engineering disputes of magnitude, has been entrusted 
with the scientific preparation of patent cases of importance, has 
done development work for several companies, and has been, 
and is now, retained by a number of companies of standing. 

The professionalism of the old-time teacher never has laid its 
heavy hand on Professor Qifford, and many a young man can and 
does say that his first serious efforts toward ultimate success date 
from one of those intimate and personal conferences which resulted 
from his presentation of the difficulties which beset him, both with- 
in the Institute and without it. Some were encouraged and some 
admonished, as was needful, and many a man sorely pressed 
financially has been put in touch with those whose pleasure it is ta 
assist at such a crisis in a young man's career. These things, en- 
tirely outside the so-called necessary duties of the teacher, account 
in great measure for the tremendous personal hold which he has had 
on his students. Always presenting the highest ideals of what an 
engineer should be, both in his profession and in his attitude toward 
the public, hating shams of all sorts, and insisting on the funda- 
mental things, Professor Clifford's view of what a scientific educa- 
tion should accomplish cannot be better summarized than in the 
epigram quoted by Professor Palmer, — ^"That's what education 
means, to be able to do what you have never done before." 

F. A. Laws, '89. 

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2o8 The Technology Review 


How the Laboratory of Applied Mechanics is ccmtributing to 
the Knowledge of the Elngineer 

The Mechanical Engineering Department is carrying on an inves- 
tigation of the breaking strength and methods of failure of re-en- 
forced concrete beams of unusual proportions. The form of beam 
which has been most frequently tested and regarding which the 
most information has been obtained in the past is what may be 
called the typical floor beam as it is used in the ordinary type of 
re-enforced concrete building. The usual span of such a beam is 
about sixteen feet, and its depth from eighteen to twenty inches. 
In engineering structures, however, the loads are often so great that 
it becomes necessary to use beams and girders of less than half the 
above length and twice their depth. With such proportions, engi- 
neers know very litde about the nature of the stresses in re-enforced 
concrete, and there is considerable doubt as to whether the beam 
acts like the ordinary type in deflecting or whether it supports its 
load in the manner that an arch does. A set of twelve specimens, 
thirty inches deep and varying in length from six to twelve feet, 
and a like set of just half the linear dimensions, have been presented 
to the department by the Ambursen Hydraulic Company. These 
are now being tested by students, under the direction of the instruct- 
ing staff, as thesis work; and it is expected that the results will be 
valuable, not only for themselves, but as showing the relative merits 
of small and large sized test specimens. 

The Laboratories of Applied Mechanics at the Institute are es- 
pecially well equipped for the testing of all forms of concrete speci- 
mens. They contain machines capable of breaking columns up 
to one foot square by crushing, two beam machines, the larger of 
which applies and measures loads up to one hundred thousand 
pounds, and a four hundred thousand pound arch-testing machine 
•of special design, which is at present being used for beam tests. 

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Tests of Concrete Beams 269 

The work of the department in concrete testing extends over a 
period of seven years, during which time there has always been some 
series of tests in progress. 

One of the most interesting of the series was that in which re- 
enforced concrete columns were subjected to fire conditions, the 
entire column being treated to a high temperature under load and 
then one side of it suddenly cooled by the application of a stream of 
water. The beam tests, too, are not only valuable for the engineer- 
ing data they afford, but are highly interesting to the layman. The 
neutral axis, or unstressed longitudinal section, of a re-enforced 
concrete beam under load is impossible, apparendy, of theoretical 
determination, and experimental data are necessary for the success- 
ful use of these beams in structures. To obtain accurate and useful 
data of this kind, many tests must be made, and measurements of 
the most delicate character taken. The work includes, for instance, 
the measurement of the strain, elongation or compression of the 
beam at five or six points from top to bottom, when the load is ap- 
plied, and at regular intervals for some time thereafter. All tests 
made in the department are, of course, carefully tabulated, and many 
of the standard figures for the strength of materials which engi- 
neers use throughout the country were determined in this laboratory. 

A Grant for Research 

The Carnegie Institution of Washington has made a grant of 
<3,ooo to Dr. Arthur A. Noyes, Acting President of the Massachu- 
setts Institute of Technology, to be used in promoting research on 
the properties of solutions in relation to the ionic theory, which is 
being carried on in the research laboratory of physical chemistry 
at the Institute. 

This is the sixth grant which has been extended to Dr. Noyes for 
this work, but is larger than in the previous years. 

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2IO The Technology Review 


E. I. Williams (*o8) was the winner, in January, of the Scholar- 
ship in Architecture of the Academy in Rome. The prize is the 
highest in value and in honor offered to American architectural 
students. Technology was in compedtion with Harvard, G)lumbia, 
Pennsylvania, George Washington University at Washington, 
Cornell, University of California, Washington University and Uni- 
versity of Illinois. The winning of the Prize of Rome from such 
competitors means far more to Technology than the simple honor 
conveyed. It means an achievement due to our school methods 
and training, for Williams' practical experience was limited to three 
summer vacadons spent in an architect's office. 

Williams was bom at Rutherford, N.J., Oct. 5, 1884, where 
he attended school dll his thirteenth year. He then went to Europe 
to the Chateau de Lancy School, near Geneva, and remained there 
nearly twelve months. Afterwards he lived in Paris, and attended 
the Petit Lycee Condorcet for six months more. He then returned 
to the United States, and attended the Horace Mann High School 
in New York city for three years, after which he entered the office 
of H. S. Goss, mechanical engineer, and worked there two years and 
a half as draughtsman and patent office man. He then came to 
Tech, undecided what course to take up, but expecting to study 
architecture rather than mechanical engineering, which had at first 
appealed to him. It needed but a short time to decide in favor of 
architecture, in which success came to him from the start. 

Williams is now completing his graduate year at Technology 
before departing for Rome. He has fairly won this great prize. 
His undergraduate record at Technology tells of all-round ability^ 
thoroughly cultivated. A first-rate scholar, he was also a prom- 
inent member of his class, serving on both baseball and football 
teams and on other minor organizations. He was president of 
the Architectural Society of the Institute during his senior year. 

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Technology Wins the Prix de Rome 211 

and was a general favorite. All good wishes will go with him, and 
the Academy in Rome may well be congratulated on its happy 
-choice, and the Institute may rejoice on being represented by one 
who is sure to reflect great credit on the school. 


For a considerable time a system of lectures has been arranged 
each year by the department of naval architecture to enable students 
to hear and become acquainted with the leaders of their profession. 
This arrangement is made possible by the liberality of a friend 
of the Institute. 

A notable feature this year will be a series of lectures by Monsieur 
W. E. Bertin, chief constructor (retired) of the French navy, who 
has kindly consented to undertake the voyage to this country for 
that purpose. 

The course is expected to begin on or about the 12th of April, 
and will include the following subjects: i. Les vagues de la mer. 
2. Giration du navire-a-vapeur. 3. Stabilite du navire-de-combat 
apres avaries. 4. Les progres de la navigation du commerce-a- 
vapeur, en prenant pour example la Cie transatlantique Fran^aise. 

The French have long been recognized as leaders in the theory 
of naval architecture and in the practice of shipbuilding, and among 
them Monsieur Bertin is recognized as the exponent of their ideal 
combination of scientific attainment and practical ability. He is 
as well known for his designs for ships, both naval and mercantile, 
as for his scientific treatises and experimental investigations. The 
titles of his lectures give some idea of the range of his activities. 
He has been naval constructor, scientific expert, director of the 
governmental school for naval constructors and chief constructor. 
He is an officer of the first class of the Legion of Honor, a member 
of the Association Technique Maritime, of the Institution of Naval 
Architects and of the Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engi- 
neers. C. H. Peabody. 

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212 The Technology Review 


With the lecture on April 5 by George E. Hale C90), director of 
the Mount Wilson Solar Observatory at Pasadena, Cal., on ''Solar 
Cyclones and Magnetic Fields/' the season of the Society of Arts 
will come to a successful close. 

During the winter it has offered to its members and to the Boston 
public a series of addresses on a wide range of scientific subjects; 
and, although presented by specialists, they have appealed to the 
layman as well as to the expert. 

Since mention was made of the Society of Arts in the January 
Review, Dr. William H. Walker, director of the Laboratory of 
Applied Chemistry of the Institute, gave an address on ''The Cor- 
rosion of Iron and Methods of Preventing it." Dr. Walker's paper 
was a remarkable one, and has stirred up a great amount of inter- 
est all over the country. 

On January 28 a large audience assembled in Huntington Hall 
to hear Dr. Steinmetz talk on "The Future of Electricity.** The 
birth of Charles Darwin was marked by a meeting of this society, 
at which Professor Sedgwick, of the Biological Department, and 
Professor Percival Lowell, non-resident Professor of Astronomy at 
the Institute, discussed the influence of Darwinism in clearing the 
way for an acceptance of the proper aspects of evolution. Hunt- 
ington Hall was nearly filled with a very enthusiastic and appre- 
ciative audience. 

On January 21 Professor Jaggar delivered a lecture on the 
Messina earthquake, which was widely reported and excited much 
interest all over the country. 

Lectures were given by Dr. Charles E. Lucke, of Columbia 
University, on "Gas Power,*' Mr. H. C. DuBois, of Philadelphia, 
on "The Salting of Mines," and Professor Robert S. Woodward, 
president of the Carnegie Institution, on "The Larger Research 
Problems of the Carnegie Institution.*' 

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The Undergraduates 213 


The General Advancem^it of Stud^it Social and Athletic 
hiterests — ^Junior Week will be one of Gayety 

The most important advancement in undergraduate affairs to 
be noticed since the last issue of the Review centres in the Institute 
Committee, which has made certain changes in the point system, 
and installed a book-keeper and stenographer at the office in the 
Union, where all the clerical work for the various activities is now 
done. In another colunm, members of the Institute Committee have 
described the working out of these two matters in some detail. 

The students are now preparing for Junior Week, which begins 
April 19. The most important feature is the Show, which will be 
given at the HoUis Street Theatre, in Boston, Tuesday and Thurs- 
day afternoons. The Show will also exhibit at Northampton, 
whtre it made a great success last year, and it is also hoped that 
arrangements will be made to go to Providence this season, making 
two trips out of town. The play this year is entitled "That Pill 
Grim,'' and it is said to be the best book that has ever been 
offered. The scene is laid in Holland and America, thus giving 
an opportunity for many ludicrous situations and bright local hits. 
The lyrics of the Show are excellent, and it is expected that the Tech 
Song Book will get some valuable acquisitions from this year's 

The 1910 Technique will be published on April 17. This is the 
twenty-fourth edition of the Technique^ the enterprise having been 
started by the class of '87. The Technique Board consists of six- 
teen members of the junior class elected by an electoral commit- 
tee of twenty-five. On the day the book is published, April 17, 
will occur the Technique rush, which is unique and attracts large 
crowds of spectators each year. The first hundred copies of the 
book are taken to a shanty which is erected on the tennis courts 
back of the Art Museum, the first twenty-five copies being num- 

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214 'T^^ Technology Review 

bered on the cover and signed by President Noyes. The rush takes 
place at 12.15, and five or ten minutes before that time the men 
begin to struggle for a good position near the shanty. At ten 
minutes past twelve a gun is fired, another at fourteen minutes 
past, and the final gun at exactly quarter past, when a small door 
near the top of the shanty is opened and the first hand that is put in 
receives book number one. The books are handed out in the order 
of the numbers, the first five being free to those who secure them. 
The Technique this year is said to be fully up to its predecessors, 
which have the reputation of standing at the head of college an- 
nuals. It is looked for eagerly by the professors as well as the 
students. Price of the book is $2. All alunmi who desire copies 
can have them sent by express for I2.40, prepaid. 

Junior Prom, Technology's most important social event, has been 
completely arranged, and will take place on Wednesday evening, 
April 21, at the Hotel Somerset. This is an event to which all Tech 
men look forward with a great deal of interest, and every effort is 
being made by the committee in charge to have this year's Prom 
eclipse all others. The support that has been forthcoming from 
the student body would warrant a whirlwind success. The matrons 
will be Mrs. Curtis Guild, Mrs. Eben S. Draper, Mrs. Samuel J. 
Mixter, Mrs. Richard C. Maclaurin. The patronesses will be 
Mrs. William T. Sedgwick, Mrs. Frank H. Rand, Mrs. Alfred E. 
Burton, Mrs. George F. Swain, Mrs. Dugald C. Jackson, Mrs. 
Henry P. Talbot, Mrs. Desire Despradelle, Mrs. Harry E. Clifford, 
Mrs. Chauncy C. Batchelor, Mrs. Davis R. Dewey. 

Elsewhere in the Review is an article showing Technology's 
status in intercollegiate athletic sports, which will be read with in- 
terest. Up to the time of examinations every Institute team was 
practically unbeaten, and the New York Sun said: ''The Massachu- 
setts Institute of Technology is one of the leading institutions of the 
country in minor sports, apparently. In cross-country running, 
hockey and basket-ball, M. I. T. is as good as the best. Beat- 
ing Harvard, Dartmouth and Williams is a good record for the 
basket-ball men thus far this season." The Athletic Association 
now proposes to incorporate the different sports under one head and 

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The Undergraduates 215 

issue season tickets admitting the holder to all games and meets. 
The money obtained from the sale of these tickets will be appor- 
tioned to the various activities according to their importance and 
financial requirements. 

There has been but one convocation during the last three months. 
On February 11 Mr. Horace White, formerly editor-in-chief of 
the New York Evening Post, spoke to the students in Huntington 
Hall on his personal recollections of Abraham Lincoln, with whom 
he was associated for many years. 

Among the speakers whom the undergraduate committee has 
obtained for the Friday night talks at the Union, and to whom an 
average crowd of 150 fellows has listened with interest, have been 
Mr. James O. Fagan, Lieutenant W. B. Tardy, U.S.N., Seth K. 
Humphrey, Louis Brandeis and the Rev. Dr. Charles Fleischer. 
These meetings will be continued until the middle of May, when the 
annual examination period begins. 

The Ticb has been somewhat handicapped by necessary chang- 
ing about of editors, but it has been very creditably conducted, and 
prints the news without fear or favor. Those of our readers who 
would like to be in close touch with the Institute every day will 
find Tbi Tech a cheerful visitor to the reading table. Subscrip- 
tion can be begun at any time, and the important events of the year 
are now just approaching. 

Reunion Song Leaflets 

The Reunion Committee has had the words and music of several 
Tech songs to be sung at the Reunion printed in pamphlet form 
for use of classes and alumni associations who desire to practise 

A great deal of attention will be given to the practice of singing 
preparatory to the Reunion. Most of the younger classes get to- 
gether once a month for this purpose, and it is proposed to have 
a general convocation of alumni at Huntington Hall to practice 
Reunion songs. 

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2i6 The Technology Review 


Plans for Reunioii Uppennost — ^Eothusiasin is increasmg Every- 
where — Two More Alumni Associations — New 
York Qub House 

Since the January Review was published two new local 
Alumni Associations have been recorded, one at Milwaukee, 
Wis., and the other at Detroit, Mich. Everywhere there is great 
enthusiasm over the Reunion. Men are coming to Boston who 
have not been there for years. This increased interest is helping 
the local associations, and should be fuUy taken advantage of by 
good work on the part of the officers. 

Washington Society op the M. I. T. — ^At the annual meeting 
of the Washington Society at the University Qub, January 12, the 
following officers were elected: Marshall A. Leighton, president; 
F. F. Longly, vice-president; A. M. Holcombe, secretary, 1404 
Massachusetts Avenue, N. W.; G. R. Jones, treasurer; F. C. 
Willard, member of the executive committee. 

The annual dinner of the society was held February 18, at Rausch- 
er's Restaurant, in honor of Dr. Richard C. Maclaurin, president 
of the Institute. Mr. Marshall O. Leighton ('96) presided, and the 
invited guests, in addition to Dr. Maclaurin, were Hon. Elmer £. 
Brown, United States Commissioner of Education; Rev. Joseph 
Himmel, president of Georgetown University; Hon. Tulio Larrinaga, 
resident G)mmissioner from Porto Rico; Dr. Charles W. Needham, 
president of George Washington University; Dr. Robert S. Wood- 
ward, president of the Carnegie Institution of Washington; and 
Mr. I. W. Litchfield, editor of The Technology Review. The 
attendance was the largest in the history of the society, there being 
sixty-seven present. 

The banquet hall was hung with Tech banners, large and small, 
and red carnations adorned the tables. The dinner was enlivened 

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Alumni Here and There 217 

by songs between the courses, the favorite with both old and young 
alumni being ''Dear Old M. I. T," from the song leaflet published 
for the June Reunion, a copy of which was at every place. Dr. 
Maclaurin was greeted with a rousing M. I. T. cheer and "Long 
live the President" sung standing, and, judging by the earnest at- 
tention with which his ideas as to the future of the Institute were 
received, and the hearty applause following his appeal to the alumnr 
for financial support to insure its continued independence, he wilK 
find the Washington Society with him in any move he may make 
for a bigger and better Tech. — A. M. Holcombe^ Secretary. 

The Technology Club op Philadelphia.. — ^The annual busi- 
ness meeting and election of officers of the Technology Club of 
Philadelphia took place on January 23 at the new Y. M. C. A. 
Building. The following officers were elected for 1909: president, 
James Swan C91); vice-president, Frank H. Keisker C97); sec- 
retary-treasurer, Percy E. Tillson ('06), 419 Y. M. C. A. Building; . 
executive committee, Frederick A. Hunnewell C97), Edgar P^. 
Trask C99), Eugene S. Foljambe ('01), George M. Spear ('02),.. 
Ernest Harrah ('04), H. Le Roy Walker ('05). 

An informal dinner was served before the meeting. Mr. Andrew- 
Wright Crawford ('96), secretary of the City Park Association,, 
presented a very interesting paper on "Parks and Park Systems.'*" 
He urged that engineers and architects should take an active inter- 
est in the subject of parks because of the very close relation between 
park systems and the general city plan. He showed that a good park 
system should conform with the general arrangement of the city, 
and illustrated his points by the good and the bad examples offered 
by different American and European cities. 

An informal dinner was held on Saturday evening, February 27,. 
at the City Club. Mr. Arthur W. Ayer ('90), of Harrison Brothers- 
& Co., spoke on "The Problems of the Paint Manufacturer.*' He 
explained some of the methods now employed in testing the wearing 
qualities and acdon of paints, and he spoke particularly of the 
studies that are being made in regard to the composition and uses 
of paint in preventing the corrosion of structural iron and steel. — 
Percy E. Tillson^ Secretary. 

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21 8 The Technology Review 

Technology Club, Boston.— The first "Ladies' Night" of the 
season was held on December 22, when Mr. William Lyman Under- 
wood told of his experiences in "Hunting Big Game in New Bruns- 
wick with Canoe and Camera.** Mr. Underwood spoke in his usual 
delightful style, and showed a number of beautiful ^nd remark- 
able photographs of wild animals. Since that time three "smoke 
talks** have been given. On January 22 Professor Henry E. Cramp- 
ton, of Columbia, gave a most interesting account of his travels 
in Tahiti and the Society Islands. On the 9th of February Pro- 
fessor A. Lawrence Rotch talked on "Aerial Navigation,'* and il- 
lustrated the development of the methods of aerial travel from the 
rime of the Montgolfiers first balloon up to the present airship of 
Zeppelin and the aeroplanes of the Wright brothers. The seventh 
talk of the season was on March 2, when Professor D. W. Johnson, 
of Harvard, spoke entertainingly of a wagon trip through parts of 
New Mexico, Utah and Arizona, touching on his experiences in 
the deserts, the petrified forests, and in and about the Grand Canyon. 

Two new bookcases have been placed in the common room, and 
the librarian hopes graduaUy to increase the club*s library. — Robert 
S. fFilliamSy Secretary^ 83 Newbury Street. 

Technology Club of the Merrtmack Valley. — ^The annual 
meeting and dinner was held at the Franklin House, Lawrence, 
Mass., on Monday evening, February 8. The following officer^ 
were elected for 1909: president, R. A. Hale (!77)y Lawrence; vice- 
president, C. H. Fames ('97), Lowell; secretary, J. A. Collins, Jr. 
('97), Lawrence; treasurer, W. O. Hildreth C87), Lowell; member 
executive committee, P. R. French (*oo), Lawrence; delegate to 
the Alumni Council, George Bowers ('75), Lowell. 

Dinner was served at 7.30 p.m., after which Professor Burton, 
Dean of the Institute, talked on "Recent Changes in Student Life." 
The subject was a very interesting one, as most of the men present 
were unfamiliar with the new relations between the Dean and the 
student body. 

Twenty-six members were present, as follows: Hale (!77)y Ripley 
('00), French ('00), Hobson ('06), Coey ('06), White, Keables, 
Bowers, Miller ('09), Barker ('96), Simpson ('90), Carney ('93), 

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Alumni Here and There 219 

Eames, Collins ('97), Hildreth ('85), Hildreth ('87), Sjostrom ('88), 
Wright C86), Adams C91), Adams ('06), Scott ('01), Walker ('06), 
Chase C74), Bowers ('75), Alter ('11), Enhler ('05). — 7. A. CoU 
linsy Jr.y Secretary, 

North-western Association op the M. I. T. — ^The last meet- 
ing that the association will ever hold in the banquet hall of the 
old University Gub goes into the history of the association as one 
of the most successful ever recorded. It was not, perhaps, the 
largest dinner that the association has ever held, but its members 
exhibited more practical interest in the problems relating to the 
Institute than was ever shown before, and, having passed through 
a period of stress of its own account, it goes forward with old-time 
enthusiasm and a deeper determination to be a large factor in the 
advance of old Technology. 

The dinner of February 20 was full of life, incidental divertise- 
ments, and good fellowship, and we gave our President-elect, Dr. 
Maclaurin, who was our guest, a most hearty welcome. The 
other guests were Professor Sedgwick, whom we have not had the 
pleasure of hearing in Chicago before, and I. W. Litchfield, of The 
Technology Review. There were nearly one hundred men 
present, including delegates from Minneapolis, Milwaukee and 
various points in Iowa, Indiana and Illinois. 

The banquet hall at the University Club, which was decorated 
with smilax and flowers, never presented a more attractive appear- 
ance. A large electric sign about twelve feet long, spelling "Mac- 
laurin^' in electric lamps, was fixed to the front of the gallery, directly 
in front of the speakers' table. When the men entered the dining- 
hall, before sitdng down they gave a long cheer for the President- 
elect as his name flashed out. Johnny Hand's orchestra, with 
Johnny himself to lead it, was located on the floor between the two 
wings of the table, while the official noise committee on one side 
vied with a self-appointed noise committee on the other in render- 
ing Tech songs and parodies on popular songs which referred to 
the personal characteristics of certain gentlemen present. 

John Shortall ('87), president of the associadon, presided at the 

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220 The Technology Review 

dinner, and introduced in succession Dr. Maclaurin, Professor 
Sedgwick, Theodore Robinson ('84) and I. W. Litchfield ('85), of 
Boston. Dr. Maclaurin made a most excellent impression on the 
men. His speech indicated the extent to which he has studied the 
history and traditions of the Institute, as well as his knowledge of 
educational institutions and methods throughout the world. He 
declared for a continuation of the policies to which Technology 
had so successfully stood, and for improvement in the facilities for 
teaching laboratory work and research. His mention of a neces- 
sity for new buildings on a new site brought forth approval of ap- 
plause from every man present. 

Professor Sedgwick received an ovation from the men when he 
arose to speak. He presented Technology as it stands among 
other educational institutions and told us' of the wonderful spirit 
of co-operation that pervades the Faculty. He also told us that the 
most important problem before Dr. Maclaurin was the acquisition 
of the right kind of men to be professors and teachers at the In- 
stitute. He outlined how the alunmi could help directly in this and 
other ways. 

Mr. Litchfield spoke more especially on the improved conditions 
of social life at the Institute and the Technology Reunion which is 
to come in June. 

The North-western Association talks of filling a train with men 
from Chicago and near-by cities, and the Reunion committee can 
rest assured that Chicago will do the proper thing. 

The new officers of the association are: Edward M. Hagar C93), 
president; Richard E. Schmidt ('87), vice-president; Ernest 
Woodyatt ('97), 1615 Ashland Block, Chicago, secretary-treasurer; 
Frederick K. Copeland ('76), Meyer J. Sturm ('96), George H. 
Lukes ('92), Philip W. Moore ('01), executive committee. — Ernest 
Woodyatt, Secretary. 

Technology Club op Buffalo. — On January 26 we had a 
most interesting meeting at the University Club, with sixteen mem- 
bers present. W. H. Watkins ('95), manager of the dyeing de- 
partment of Schoellkopf, Hartford, Hanna Company, gave us a 

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Alumni Here and There 221 

highly instructive talk on '* Dyeing and DyestuflFs." The subject 
was fully discussed by those present. 

The approaching Technology Reunion was talked over fully, and 
the club has decided to make arrangements to attend in a body. 

Our next meeting will be held at the University Club on March 
24, when we expect to hear a paper on "By-product Coke." — 
H. A. Boyd Secretary y Erie County Bank Building, 

Technology Club of Dbtroit. — ^The winter meeting of the 
Detroit Technology alunmi was held at the University Club on 
the night of February 22. Thirty-one Tech men were present, 
besides the three guests. Mr. Julian Harris, the vice-president of 
the University Club, in a very happy manner welcomed the Tech 
men in behalf of the University Club. Mr. Alexis C. Angell in 
behalf of the University of Michigan welcomed Dr. Madaurin. 
Dr. Maclaurin was introduced by Prof. George W. Patterson ('87). 
Dr. Maclaurin made a most pleasing address and most favorable 
impression. Mr. Whitney acted as toastmaster, and Mr. Kales led 
the cheering, which was very enthusiastic. Mr. Donald presided 
at the piano. 

As this was our first attempt at singing, the results were very 
satisfactory, and everybody entered in with a great deal of spirit. 
Through the Reunion committee we were furnished with leaflets 
with some of the Technology songs, which added much to the pleas- 
ure of the evening. 

This was our second meeting, the first having been held in the 
summer at Lake St. Clair. 

The following men were present at the winter meeting: W. R. 
Strickland C98), Professor Emil Lorch ('93), Professor G. W. 
Patterson ('87), Mark W. Allen C97), G. R. Anthony ('98), Frank 
C. Baldwin ('90), William M. Corse C99), George Cook, W. R. 
Burroughs ('08), F. H. McGuigan ('08), J. H. Dennedy ('08), 
Harry W. Donald ('05), Herbert J. Lord C98), Walter M. New- 
kirk C92), Oliver M. Davis ('01), Charles F. Hammond (*9i), 
H. E. Hathaway ('91), William R. Kales C92), Herbert G. King 
C75), Currier Lang ('04), Ralph D. Morris ('03), George Valentine 
Pottle Coi), W. C. Reed Hill ('94), Waldemar S. Richmond ('05), 

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222 The Technology Review 

George H. Ropes C94), A. Forrest Shattuck C91), Edward A. 
Sumner ('97), Warren C. Taylor (*02), Granger Whitney ('87), 
H. T Winchester ('03), Maurice Black (*96). 

The Detroit association was formed in August last, and is gov- 
erned by an executive committee consisting of Currier Lang ('04), 
Herbert J. Lord C98), William R. Kales C92), Marvine Gorham 
(93) and Granger Whitney ('87). We should like to get in touch 
with the Tech men in Toledo and vicinity. — Granger Whitney^ 

Inland Empibe Association or the M. I. T.— We were to 
have held our annual meeting on January 22, but about three days 
before that date there came an early thaw, which resulted in such 
unusual floods and wash-outs that travelling was difficult or impos- 
sible for some time. The meeting was therefore postponed. 

On February 18 we called a meeting to meet Professor Roberts 
C90), who was until last June at the head of the Civil Engineering 
Department of the ' Washington State College, Pullman, Wash. 
Professor Roberts is now in chaige of the water-works in- 
stallation for the town of Medford, Ore. The dinner was made 
memorable by the fact that we had with us our only co-ed in this 
part of the country, Miss Greta Gray. The annual election re- 
sulted in the selection of the following officers: Shirley S. Philbrick 
C98), president; William J. Roberts C91), vice-president; Philip 
F. Kennedy ('07), secretary, 11 29 Hamilton Street, Spokane, 
Wash.; Francis F. Emery ('81), J. F. Green ('08), E. R. Crane 
(*04), executive committee. 

It was voted that the president and the secretary should form a 
committee to extend the congratulations of the association to Presi- 
dent-elect Maclaurin. 

The matter of the Reunion was talked over, and, although we are 
a long distance from the Hub some of us have already made arrange- 
ments to be in Boston, June 7. — Philip F, Kennedy^ Secretary. 

Technology Association op Northebn Caufobnia. — 
On February 3 the above association had an informal and very 
social evening at the Bismarck Cafe. Of the twenty-two present. 

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Alumni Here and There 223 

four were with us for the first time and each of them in their h'ttle 
talks told how glad they were to be there. Mr. Wilson ('90), gave 
a most interesting talk, and ended up by inviting the association 
as a body to go out in his yacht. Nearly every one present gave 
short talks on diflFerent men who had, and in many cases were, 
still moulding and making Alma Mater what she is today. With 
the exception of letters from President Maclaurin, Dean Burton, 
the Review, Mr. Humphreys and some clippings that were read 
by President Hyde and the secretary, the trend of the conversation 
of the entire evening was in appreciation of the many true Tech men. 

During the evening there were many songs and cheers, and every 
one was very enthusiastic. As place cards at the table, each received 
a booklet containing the Ust of members and their addresses. With 
the singing of "Dear Old M. I. T." the party broke up. It was 
declared the finest yet. 

Those present were: Hyde (*96), Merrill ('05), Philbrick ('02), 
A. J. Kraflft ('07), E. J. Krafft ('07), Fraser ('05), Leland ('91), 
Spencer ('06), Bowie (*0), Carr (*o6), Dyer (*o6), Loring (*99), 
McKebben ('07), Ferry ('03), Hileman ('09), Smith ('04), Atkins 
('04), Pearse ('01), Wilson (*9o), Kriegsman ('05), Meade ('99), 
Blake C06). 

Our next meeting was at the Hotel Manx, where we have estab- 
lished a Tech luncheon every Monday between twelve and one 
o'clock. At these lunches we are able to meet for a short time, 
and the spirit of good fellowship cements the ties of Tech friend- 
ship more firmly. 

We have to date had three such lunches, averaging eleven mem- 
bers, and later on we expect a gathering of at least twenty weekly. 

On March 4 the association had a Bohemian evening at one of 
San Francisco's Mexican restaurants. The surroundings and the 
dinner were entirely Mexican, and with the exception of talks by 
the president and secretary on the coming Reunion and a word 
of parting to one of our strongest and most earnest Tech men, 
Langdon Pearse ('01), the evening was spent in jollification and in 
surmising what we were eating. Hearty welcomes were extended to 
a new-comer, J. Ross Wade C94), to E. M. Chadboume C03), who 

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224 ^^^ Technology Review 

had just returned from the east, to Mr. Stebbins C93), Mr. Walker 
('06), and Mr. Foss ('08), all new-comers. Mr. Foote ('99), re- 
ceived a very hearty welcome, as he had a long trip to make from 
Grass Valley to San Francisco. All of the above responded with 
short talks, and at the close of the dinner, which was one of our 
largest, thirty being present, every one declared it a great success. 

Those present were: Hyde ('96), Walker ('06), Merrill ('05), 
Leland ('91), Philbrick ('02), Willard ('76), Devlin ('05), Spencer 
('06), Bowie C96), Carr ('06), J. Ross Wade ('94), Foss ('07), 
A. J. Krafft ('07), E. Stebbins ('93), Lichtenstein ('06), Eaton ('05), 
Atkins ('04), Hersam ('91), Clarke (V)6), Mahen ('87), Chadboume 
('97)9 Wilson ('90), E. J. Krafft ('07), Kriegsman ('05), Hileman 
('09), Eraser ('05), Nickerson ('04), Foote ('99), Dyer (*o6), Blake 

Our next meeting will be a ladies' theatre party at the Van Ness 
Theatre, San Francisco, April 6, 1909. — H. C. Blake ^ Secretary. 

The Pittsbxtrg Association of the M. I. T. — Since the 
last issue of the Review the Pittsburg alumni association of the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology has certainly been in the 

Something has happened in Pittsburg. We have come to realize 
that our latent forces have been too long dormant, and have now 
been rejuvenated by the event of an annual dinner, unprecedented 
in glory in the history of this association. Our special attractions 
at this dinner, which occurred at the University Club on February 
19, were interesting. 

We had the extreme pleasure of having with us Dr. Madaurin, 
our President-elect, who by his delightful personality and charm- 
ing manner endeared himself to the loyal heart of every Tech man in 
the Pittsburg district. Our second guest was Dr. William T. Sedg- 
wick, our dearly beloved and faithful member of the Faculty, who 
told us what Tech is, what Tech ought to be and what Tech will be. 
Our third guest, last, but not least, was our loyal alumnus, Isaac 
W. Litchfield ('85), managing editor of the Review. . He told 
us about the prospects of The Technology Review and of our 
obligations as loyal alunmi whose support the Institute needs. 

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Alumni Here and There 225 

We had one of the most delightful evenings that has been ex- 
perienced for some time, and we also had some good things to eat. 
In fact, our bill of fare was fit for the king's table. We ate, drank 
and were merry. Amidst our festivities our feelings heartily burst 
forth in the songs of "Dear Old M. I. T.," "Take me back to 
Tech," "On Rogers Steps," "Retrospection," etc. 

There were over seventy loyal sons who attended this affair, and 
we were glad to note that they represented classes from '75 to *io. 

The executive committee has planned for the coming season a 
series of smokers which will abound in good fellowship and ama- 
teur as well as professional fun. We hope these smokers will thor- 
oughly cement the friendship and interest of every member of the 
society. The dates for same will be published in the near future, 
and we extend a cordial welcome to all Tech men who may be so- 
journing in this district. 

Our association will place all alunmi associadons of the Institute 
on its mailing list, in order to acquaint them with our doings, and 
trust they will return the courtesy. 

Our association suggests that a pamphlet of songs without music 
be printed, so that the different alunmi associations can use them 
at their meetings. We ourselves can use three hundred copies 
of such. 

We announce the election of Warren I. Bickford ('01), as our 
representative to the Alunmi Council. 

The officers for the ensuing year: L. K. Yoder C95), president; 
Sumner B. Ely C92), vice-president; Waldso Turner ('05), secre- 
tary-treasurer; C. Snelling Robinson ('84), Henry H. D. Shute 
('92), executive committee. — Waldso Turner^ Secretary-Treasurer^ 
1 174 Frick Building AnneXy Pittsburgh Pa. 

The Technology Club op New Yobk. — ^The President- 
elect of the Institute, Dr. Maclaurin, was welcomed by Technology 
men in New York at the annual dinner of the club at Delmonico's, 
Saturday evening, Feb. 6, 1909. The dinner was preceded by a 
reception to Dr. Maclaurin, and the opportunity thus afforded 
of personally meeting and talking with him was most enjoyable. 
The president of the club, Professor Charles R. Richards ('85), 

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226 The Technology Review 

and the former president, Alex. Rice McKim ('86), stood beside Dr. 
Maclaurin, and they were joined by Dr. Davis R. Dewey, of the 
Institute, Dr. Alexander P. Humphreys, president of Stevens In- 
stitute and Dr. James F. Norris, president of the Technology 
Club of Boston. 

As the men entered the reception-room, they were each an- 
nounced and introduced. Dr. Maclaurin won the hearts of all, and 
he will go to the Institute with the loyal support of New York Tech 

The arrangements made by the dinner committee, Harold 
Binney ('88), Walter Laige ('79), P. A. Warner ('92), Clarence 
M. Joyce ('03), and Kaludy Spalding ('89), were in every way suc- 
cessful. The souvenirs were Tech Song Books, and William D. 
Mcjennett C94), led the singing at the singer's table. About one 
hundred and twenty-iive men were present at the dinner. President 
Richards opened the festivities by congratulating the club on the 
election of Dr. Maclaurin as president of the Institute, and intro- 
duced as toastmaster Harold Binney, who, in turn, happily wel- 
comed Dr. Maclaurin in behalf of the club and New York Tech 
men, and called upon Mr. McKim to lead in a long M. I. T. cheer 
for the new President. The cheer was enthusiastically given, and 
Dr. Maclaurin's address received the closest attention and appre- 
ciation. At the close of his remarks all the men rose, and joined 
in singing "Prexy for Aye," and a resolution was unanimously 
passed extending to the Corporation of the Institute the heartiest 
congratulations of the club on their choice of Dr. Maclaurin for the 

Mr. Binney then introduced President Humphreys, of Stevens 
Institute, who in the course of his remarks referred in complimen- 
tary terms to Professor George V. Wendell ('92), which aroused 
such a series of cheers that it was necessary for Professor Wendell 
to rise and bow his acknowledgments. Dr. Humphreys also re- 
^ ceived the M. I. T. cheer as an expression of appreciation of his 
remarks and of the interest which Tech men have in sister tech- 
nological institutions. Dr. Dewey was the next speaker, intro- 
duced by Mr. Binney as representing the brains of the Institute, 

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Alumni Here and There 227 

as necessary in directing as the Corporation in maintaining the work 
of Technology. Dr. Dewey gave an interesting summary of Tech 
aiFairSy and brought home to us many happy recollections of the In- 
stitute. Dr. Norris, the last speaker, told us of the increasing ac- 
tivities of the Boston Technology Club and of the Alumni Asso- 
ciadony and expressed the desire, which we all feel, for a closer 
co-operation of the alunmi with the Faculty and the Corporation. 

The annual meeting was held in an adjoining room, thus insuring 
a larger attendance than heretofore. After reports by the secre- 
tary and the treasurer, a report was read by the nominating com- 
mittee, comprising E. G. Thomas ('87), J. Parker Fiske ('89) and 
J. J. Donovan ('06), nominating as candidates for election to 
the Board of Governors, required by the constitution as recently 
amended by increasing the Board from five to ten members, of 
which six are elected annually, the following men: Walter Large 
('79), for a term of five years, representing the classes '68 to *88; 
and Harold Binney ('88), Ira Abbott ('81), Francis C. Green ('95), 
C. M. Joyce ('03) and K. Spalding ('89), for terms of one year 
each, representing the membership at large. After the election of 
these men a report was made by Allston Sargent ('98), chairman of 
the committee on joint club-house with college clubs, that Tech 
men in New York had subscribed 1^9,000 of the |i2,ooo required 
of each club, whereupon, after enthusiastic remarks by several of 
the members, further subscriptions were made until the total amount 
of f 12,000 was subscribed, and thus the plan of a joint club-house, 
so far as the Technology Club is concerned, was assured. Reports 
of other clubs are expected in the near future, but it is a source of 
congratulation that Technology is in the lead. After a vote of 
thanks to Professor Richards for his devotion to the club and his 
services as president, this important and most interesting meeting 

The new Board of Governors at their first meeting elected the 
following officers for the ensuing year: president, Harold Binney 
(*88), secretary; William H. King ('94), treasurer; James E. Bar- 
low ('05). The following men were appointed chairmen of com- 
mittees: Walter Large, membership committee; K. Spalding, 

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228 The Technology Review 

house committee; C. M. Joyce, entertainment committee; Allston 
Sargent, building committee; P. A. Warner, auditing committee; 
Harold Binney, finance committee. Ira Abbott was re-elected 
registrar, with a vote of thanks for his excellent work; and Francis 
C. Green was elected representative of the Technology Club of 
New York on the Council of the Alumni Association. 

At a smoker held at the club-house Saturday evening, February 
27, Dr. George A. Kunz, diamond expert of Tiffany & Co., gave 
a very interesting address on "The Diamond, how found and 
used in the Arts and for Ornament, with a Description of the Two 
Largest Diamonds ever found." Dr. Kunz illustrated his lecture 
with lantern slides, with diamonds in their original state, and with 
glass models of the largest diamonds. 

As the lease of the present club-house expires May i, negotiations 
are in progress for a new club-house to be used until the joint club- 
house is available; and the Board of Governors are considering the 
property, 17 Gramercy Park, South, which is in many ways very 

The last smoker in the present club-house was held March 27, 
when Professor Charles M. SpoiFord, recently appointed to the 
Hayward Chair of Civil Engineering at the Institute, gave us an 
interesting address, illustrated by lantern slides, on "The Making 
of Structural Steel." 

The annual reception and dance of the club will be held at the 
Waldorf-Astoria, April 16, 1909, and Dr. and Mrs. Maclaurin will 
be the guests of the evening. 

The club is looking forward to the Reunion in Boston in June, 
and warning is hereby given that an enthusiastic New York dele- 
gation will be present. — William H, King ('94), Secretary^ 36 East 
zStb Streety New Tork City, 

A good live secretary can easily bring his class or alumni asso- 
ciation up to concert pitch at this time when the men are showing 
such eager interest in Technology affairs. It is the duty of every 
executive officer to stir up the division of men intrusted to him, and 
make the most of the important events of 1909. 

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News from the Departments 229 


Studying Volcanoes — ^Technology and the Public Health — 

Important Investigations by the Mechanical 

Engineering Department 

Department op Geology. — Professor T. A. Jaggar, Jr., of the 
Geological Department has been granted leave of absence for the 
second term. Professor Daly will take charge of the department 
during his absence. Professor Jaggar is preparing to go to Japan 
and the Hawaiian Islands. In Japan he plans the study of geo- 
physical observatories, which have been established there to in- 
vestigate earthquake phenomena, and, if time allows, to examine 
some of the volcanoes there. On his return to this country he will 
stop at Hawaii. He will spend most of the summer in order to 
study volcanic phenomena with special reference to the reported 
recent activity of Kilauea. 

The Geological Department in association with the Volcanic 
Research Society of Springfield, immediately after the news of the 
Messina earthquake reached this country, raised a fund of nearly 
f 1,000 to enable T. A. Perret, a distinguished volcanologist resident 
at Naples, to proceed at once to Messina as an associate of the de- 
partment and make geological investigations, not only of the earth- 
quake, but of the present condition of Mount JEtnz. 

Plans are being made for the establishment by the Institute of 
a Research Laboratory of Geodesy and Physical Geology. Its 
staff will consist of the officers of the Geological Department who 
are interested in physical geology and of the officers of the Civil 
Engineering Department who have to do with geodesy. Under 
this organization will be built the observatory, at which will be 
made continuous records of earth movements, and where research 
work may be done in terrestrial gravitation, magnetism and vari- 
ation of latitude. It is planned to maintain, in connection with the 

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230 The Technology Review 

observatory, a small museum of geophysics, which will be open to 
the public. An important feature of the work of this laboratory 
will be its annual expeditions to distant points to make observa- 
tions. It is planned to send such an expedition to Hawaii, under 
Professor Daly's direction, at some tim^ during the present year. 
Advanced students of the Institute or other institutions will be wel- 
comed for special work in this laboratory, the primary purpose of 
which is, however, the advancement of science. 

Among the former work of the Institute on these lines might be 
mentioned the erection of the Geodetic Observatory in Middlesex 
Fells; Professor Burton's two eclipse expeditions to Naples in 1902 
and to Martinique in 1906; Professor Hosmer's magnetic observa- 
tories in Labrador in 1905; the appointment of Professor R. A. 
Daly to the newly established professorship of physical geology in 
1907; the gift in the same year of a seismograph from the estate of 
C. A. R. Whitney; Professor Jaggar's expedition for geophysical 
study to the Aleutian Island in 1907; and Mr. T. A. Perret's in- 
vestigations at Messina in January of this year. 

The Basch-Omori seismograph made in Strassburg has been re- 
ceived by the Geological Department, and awaits installation in the 
observatory at such time as that may be built. Two new petro- 
graphical microscopes fitted with mechanical stages have also 
been received. They will be used in graduate research work. 
These microscopes are the gift of Mrs. W. B. Rogers. 

There are now six graduate students in the Department of Geol- 
ogy. Two of these are candidates for the degree of Ph.D., one 
of them being admitted to the candidacy last month. Two of the 
others are candidates for the degree of M.S. Mr. Clapp and Mr. 
Camsell are connected with the Geological Survey of Canada, Mr. 
Camsell being a permanent member of the staff. During the past 
summer Mr. Camsell investigated the gold deposits of Camp 
Headley, B.C., and the coming summer is to investigate the mineral 
resourcea of the Tulamun district of British Columbia. 

Mr. Clapp began last summer a geologic and topographic survey 
of Vancouver Island, and will continue the work next summer. He 
was assisted in the field last summer by Mr. K. G. Chipman, a 

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News from the Departments 231 

graduate of the Institute of Technology in the class of 1908. Mr. 
Giipman will have chaise of the topographic work next summer, 
and Mr. J. A. Allan, another member of the department and grad- 
uate student, will have charge of a third party on the island doing 
detailed geological work. 

Mr. Roy H. Allen, Course III. ('05), has returned from Mexico 
to begin graduate work in Mining Geology. Mr. Allen since 
graduation has spent most of his time in Mexico, and for the last 
year and a half has been manager of the Sierra Plata properties 
in Chihuahua. He has begun work with a view to possibly becom- 
ing a candidate for a doctor's degree. 

Depabtmemt op Biology. — ^There is great interest this year in 
the development of public health subjects, and especially in public 
health instruction. Professor Sedgwick, as a well-known advo- 
cate of this branch of science and education, has taken part in a new 
course at Cornell and one at Columbia, having lectured at Ithaca 
on January 8 and at Columbia University on February i and 8. 
To him was assigned the responsibility of giving the opening ad- 
dress at Columbia in a series of sanitary science and public health 
lectures which will extend throughout the second half-year. He has 
also recently given public addresses at the Carnegie Institute 
in Pittsbui^ and before the Alumni Association there and at Chicago. 

Dr. F. J. Slack, director of the bacteriological laboratory of 
the Boston Board of Health, has been appointed a special lecturer 
in the Biological Department, and now gives the practical part 
of the course in municipal laboratory methods. 

A new course in Industrial Hygiene is given this year for the first 
time to the fourth-year students in biology by Professor Winslow. 

Professor Winslow spoke before the Middletown Scientific Asso- 
ciation, Middletown, Conn., January 12, on **Water Supply, Water 
Pollution and Water Purification.'' On February 17 he spoke on 
Darwin at a Lincoln-Darwin memorial meeting at the Wellesley 
Congregational Church, making the Lincoln address. February 25 
he spoke on '^ Defective Drainage," at a mass meeting in the inter- 
est of public health held by the South End Improvement Society 
at Parker Memorial Hall. 

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232 The Technology Review 

Professor Prescott and Mr. W. Lymsin Underwood visited Florida 
during the midwinter recess, and made interesting observations 
there on the fauna and flora of the Everglades. Professor Phelps 
has recendy developed still further his work on the disinfection of 
sewage^and is now serving as one of the chief experts on the Jersey 
City water case in which it is sought to purify a polluted supply 
by chlorine disinfection through bleaching powder rather than by 
ordinary sand filtration. 

Plans are under way for an early transfer of the laboratories of 
the Sanitary Research plant now on Albany Street to Room 25, 
Henry L. Pierce Building, and the experimental filters to the vicin- 
ity of the pumping station at the calf pasture in Dorchester. 

Depabtment of Mechanical Enoineebing. — ^Two members 
of the Department of Mechanical Engineering are making, for their 
graduating thesis, an investigation of the eflfect of water vapor in 
the explosive charge in oil engines. The engine under test is a 
Mietz and Weiss two-cycle machine at the Wrentham pumping 
station. This engine operates with fuel oil, which is the residue 
left in the distillation of petroleum when the naphthas have been 
driven off. This fuel is pumped into the engine cyclinder, where it 
mixes with a considerable volume of steam previously introduced 
at low pressure, a small amount of air and a litde cold water. The 
introduction of water vapor instead, as would be expected, of hin- 
dering the efficient operation of the engine, really contributes in a 
marked degree toward a satisfactory performance, not only pre- 
venting irregularities in the strength of the explosions, but also ma- 
terially reducing the fuel consumption at given outputs. The sub- 
ject has a very close relation to the advances which are being made 
in the design of all types of internal combustion engines. 

In many localities where power plants must be erected the supply 
of water available for condensing steam is not sufficient unless it 
be used over and over again, wholly or in part. Plants of recent 
design often accomplish this cooling by spraying the water through 
nozzles arranged out of doors in a series of fountains above a shal- 
low basin or reservoir. The temperature interval through which 
water can be cooled in this way and the loss of cooling water by 

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News from the Departments 233 

evaporation depends, of course, on atmospheric conditions. Through 
the kindness of the Schutte & Koerdng Company of Philadel- 
phia, the Institute has received a centrifugal spray nozzle of the 
type used for recooling water in this manner. The nozzle is to 
be set up in the court-yard of the boiler-house, and will be tested 
with water taken from one of the condensers in actual service. 

Mr. Kenneth Moller, 1907, has resigned from his instructorship 
in the engineering laboratory to engage in the design and develop- 
ment of a fuel oil engine, a new type of two-cycle engine, to be 
manufactured in Providence. Mr. E. O. Hiller, for several years 
an assistant in the mechanical engineering drawing-room, and 
lately with a large blank-book manufactory in Holyoke, has taken 
Mr. MoUer's place. 

Depabtmemt op Electbical Engineebino. — Professor George 
C. Shaad is revising his section on electric lighting in the text- 
book of the American School of Correspondence. 

An inspection of the present location of the graduates in electri- 
cal engineering of the class of 1908 shows that they are distributed 
throughout thirteen states in the United States as well as in the Phil- 
ippine Islands, Canada, Europe and Australia. Ten per cent, of 
the class are in teaching positions, and one student is taking a 
post graduate course at the Institute. 

Professor D. C. Jackson has recently published a report as to the 
advisability of installing a municipal electric lighting plant in 
the town of Brookline. 

The senior class in Electrical Engineering left on Tuesday, 
March 23, for the annual inspection trip. The party under the 
direction of Professor G. C. Shaad spent Wednesday and Thursday 
of that week at the works of the General Electric Company, at the 
sub-station of the Schenectady Railway Company and at the works 
of the American Locomotive Company. On Friday and Saturday 
the party went to Niagara Falls, where the plants of the Niagara 
Falls Power Company, the Ontario Power Company, the Niagara 
Falls Hydraulic Power and Manufacturing Company and the 
International Paper Company were visited. Arriving in Buffalo 
on Monday, March 29, the day was spent in the Buffalo sub-station. 

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234 The Technology Review 

the BufFalo Smelting Works and the plant of the Lackawanna Steel 

Department or Cheiostrt. — Professor W. H. Walker is to 
give a seminar during the coming term on Giemical Engineering, 
giving special consideration to the principles on which the more 
important mechanical operations involved in the chemical manu- 
facturing industries depend, such as drying and filtration by cen- 
trifugal force, together vnth 2l study of the types of apparatus avail- 
able for such operations and the kind of work for which each is best 
adapted. The design and construction of chemical plants are con- 
sidered with special reference to the chemical resistance of the 
materials employed. 

Dr. W. K. Lewis is to give a seminar on ** Problems in Industrial 
Chemistry, considered from the Point of View of the Phase Rule." 
The course is intended to show students how theoretical knowledge 
can be applied to the solution of problems in industrial work, and 
consists of informal discussions. The seminar is given Wednesday 
mornings at 8 a.m. 

Department or Civil Engineering. — Professor George E. 
Russell is preparing manuscript for a text-book on Hydraulics to 
appear some time early in the summer. Its basis is a set of litho- 
graph notes which have been used in Institute courses during the 
last two years. The purpose of the author is to present to the teach- 
ing profession a book primarily written as a text-book, but so filled 
with reference as to be of value to the practising engineer. The 
subject-matter includes a discussion of hydrostatics and all the more 
important parts of hydrodynamics. No attempt vnll be made to 
introduce abbreviated, and consequently incomplete, treatment 
of hydraulic motors and machinery, as the author believes that such 
matter needs to be handled in a separate volume. 

Department of Mechanic Arts. — Summer courses which 
are given in this department under the auspices of the Institute of 
Technology were established in 1896. Instruction is offered during 
the months of June and July in wood-work, foiging, chipping and 
filing, and machine-tool work. The requirements for admission. 

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News from the Departments 235 

and, in general, the work performed, are expected to correspond to 
those of the regular school year, and similar records and reports 
are given for the successful completion of each course. 

These courses are undertaken primarily for the benefit of two 
classes of students : first, for those who wish to prolong their stay 
in summer, in order to distribute their work over a larger portion of 
the year or to gain more time for advanced work in their regular 
courses, — ^time especially valuable in the fourth year, when original 
investigation and the examination of professional problems form an 
important part of their occupations; and, second, for those who 
through illness or for other causes have deficiencies to make up. 
The continuity of effort and the freedom from interruption due 
to longer work periods made possible by summer work are of 
particular value in these laboratory courses. 

Depabtment or Mathematics. — Professor Woods has been 
granted a leave of absence for the school year 1909-10, and will 
sail for Rotterdam June 5th. He plans to spend some weeks at 
Gbttingen, the remainder of the summer in Switzerland, and most 
of the coming year in Paris. Professor Bartlett and Dr. Phillips 
will also spend the summer abroad. 

Depabtment or Mining Engineering. — The government 
of one of the Oriental nations has notified the Institute that it 
will send two of its prominent professors here in the fall for a 
course in instruction in mining engineering. They come here be- 
cause they cannot find elsewhere the kind of instruction they are 

The mining laboratories were recently visited by Professor 
Carlysle, the new professor of metallurgy in the Royal School of 
Mines, London. He expects to return to the Institute in the sum- 
mer to study the details of the work here, preparatory to building 
new metallurgical laboratories at the Royal School of Mines. 

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236 The Technology Review 


Faculty Standing Committees Report on Courses of Study — 
Professor Lowell's Lectures 

The standing committees of the Faculty have presented their 
annual reports. Among the most interesting of these reports* 
since it affects so vitally the character of the training afforded by 
the Institute, is that of the committee on courses of study. This 
report includes this year an outline of the committee's general policy. 
The points which the committee consider in dealing with the course 
schemes are: (i) its general balance in the distribution of time among 
general scientific and professional subjects, with special emphasis 
against the over-specialization of subject-matter; (2) the general 
practicability from the standpoint of time required in exercise and 
preparation; (3) the subdivision of time. In the latter respect 
the committee maintains, among other things, that, except in the 
case of laboratory, drawing-room or field work, time should always 
be allotted for preparation. The principal matters with which the 
committee has dealt during the past year have been: (i) an impor- 
tant revision of the course in electrical engineering, diminishing the 
work in modem languages, introducing applied mechanics in the 
second year and increasing the elective possibilides of the fourth 
year; (2) the introducdon of a new opdon, — steam turbine engineer- 
ing in the fourth year of the mechanical engineering course; and 
(3) the introduction of required physical training into the first year. 

The committee on five-year courses has been occupied with 
the preparation of this type of course in civil, mechanical, mining, 
electrical, chemical and sanitary engineering, in chemistry and in 
naval architecture. Of the schedules prepared, those for civil, 
mechanical and electrical engineering have been approved by the 
Faculty and announced in the Institute publications. These five- 
year courses are designed to meet the needs of three classes of stu- 

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General Institute News 237 

dents, — those who desire to pursue their studies in two allied branches 
of engineering; another class, who wish to go more slowly with their 
work than the present four-year schedule will permit ; and a third 
class, who, in addition to their regular studies, desire to take courses 
in such general scientific subjects as biology or geology. 

The committee on summer courses reported a registration of 
269 students as compared with 283 in 1907. The maximum number 
attending any one course was 48, the minimum 4. Of the total 
number about 62 per cent, of the students in attendance were antici- 
pating work of the next year, and the remaining 38 per cent, were 
repeating. About 60 per cent, were taking courses consisting prin- 
cipally of laboratory, drawing-room or field work. About 20 per 
cent, of the total number in attendance came from other technical 
schools, colleges or universities. 

The report of the committee on tabular view and room scheme 
shows the difficulty experienced in holding all the classes because 
of lack of room in the buildings. Approximately 1,000 exercises 
per week must be provided for, and this is further complicated by 
the fact that arrangement must be made for bringing together stu- 
dents in different years in the same class. The final arrangement 
is reached by a number of trials and readjustments. 

Thirty-four applications for financial aid were made to the com- 
mittee on advanced degrees and fellowships by students desiring 
to pursue graduate work during the year 1908-09. Of these 
twenty-two were from Institute students, and twelve from gradu- 
ates of other colleges. The committee recommended twelve grants, 
fourteen to the former, and eight to the latter class, of the latter 
three being subsequently declined. Eleven of the twenty-two suc- 
cessful applicants were candidates for the master of science degree, 
nine were prospective candidates for the degree of Ph.D. and two 
were taking advanced study without reference to a degree. The 
committee applied 90 per cent, of its available funds, the remaining 
10 per cent, being attributable to the declining of grants by the suc- 
cessful applicants. 

The report of the committee on undergraduate scholarships 
shows an increase of twenty over last year's figures in the number 

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238 The Technology Review 

of students assisted. There are this year 178 students to whom the 
Institute has made grants. In addition to this the state has aided 
sixty-eight students, forty of whom were not aided by any Insti- 
tute grant. 

The committee on publication reported the issuing of 11,500 cat- 
alogues, 6,500 president's reports, 2,500 bulletins on advanced 
study and research, 4,000 bulletins on summer courses, 4,000 reg- 
isters of graduates and 4,000 programmes. 

The most important work of the committee on the library during 
the past year has been the preparation of a subject catalogue for 
the engineering library, which contains all the books of civil, mechani- 
cal and sanitary engineering departments. Provision was also 
made to publish articles of the character which the Technology 
^arterly conuined before its discontinuance in 1908. The avail- 
able appropriation for periodicals during the present year was i(2,ioo, 
which was appordoned in the general manner between the thirteen 
Institute libraries. These are the general, architectural, biological, 
chemical, electrical engineering, geological, historical and economic, 
mathematical, mining, modem language, naval architectural and 

Lectures on Cosmic Physics. — Professor Percival Lowell, 
non-resident Professor of Astronomy at the Institute and director 
of the Lowell Observatory at FlagsuflF, Ariz., gave a course of six 
lectures on ^Xosmic Physics" during the second term. The main 
purpose ef the course was to give a survey of the present knowl- 
edge regarding the physics of our solar system, the evolution of the 
worlds, and to awaken interest and arouse imagination and thought 
in the large problems which the subject involves. The more im- 
portant topics considered in these lectures were: I. The birth of the 
solar system — dark bodies in space. Collisions with them, past and 
future. 2. Evidence of the. initial caustrophe — single and double 
sur systems. Moments of momentum. Tidal action. Meteorites. 
The bearing upon this of Mr. Slipher's recent spectrograms. 3. 
Formation of planets — internal heat generated. How calculated. 
Its eflFect upon the planet's career. 4. A planet's subsequent his- 
tory — astronomy and geology. An explanation of paleozoic times 

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General Institute News 239 

and of the course afterward pursued. 5. Loss of planet's own 
heat — received from the sun. How evaluated. Glacial epochs. 
6. Death of a world, a. Through accident — collision with other 
celestial bodies, b. Through paralysis — turning the same face 
always to the sun. c. Through old age — ^loss of water and of air. 

FiBE IN Lowell Building. — On January 21 there was a fire 
discovered in the Lowell Building at about 8.15 in the evening. 
The fire was confined to the Modem Language Department, which 
suflFered a loss of about two thousand dollars. None of the valuable 
books in this department were lost. The fire was supposed to have 
been started by crossed wires. 

Resignation of Mr. Porter. — Instructor Charles H. Porter, 
of the Electrical Engineering Department, has resigned, and wilt 
enter the service of William Filene & Sons Company, where he will 
hold an executive position. Mr. Porter is a graduate of the In- 
stitute of the Class of 1903, and was graduated from the Electrical 
Engineering Department, having previously received from Brown 
University the degree of A.B. After his graduation he spent a year 
with the Chase Shawmut Company, after which he came to the 
M. I. T. as instructor, and has remained here ever since. He ia 
responsible for the present system of problem work in use in the 
Electrical Engineering Department of the Institute. 

Professor Dewey's Appointment. — Governor Draper has 
appointed Professor Davis R. Dewey a member of the board of 
trustees of the Massachusetts Agricultural College to succeed the 
late Carroll D. Wright. Professor Dewey has also recently been 
made president of the American Economic Society for the ensuing 

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240 The Technology Review 


Walter E. Spear CgyX has been appointed chief engineer of 
water supply, gas and electricity in Brookl}m, N.Y. Mr. Spear 
was recently division engineer of the Board of Water Supply of the 
city of New York. After graduating in 1897, Mr. Spear became 
assistant engineer for the Metropolitan Water Works in Massachu- 
setts and also superintended the reconstruction of the municipal 
filters of the Lawrence Water Works. In 1900 he filled an im- 
portant position with the New York Board of Water Supply. Three 
years later, under the auspices of the Burr-Herring-Freeman Com- 
mission, Mr. Spear discovered the great resources of underground 
water within the limits of the Brookl}m watershed. During this 
work Mr. Spear became thoroughly familiar with the Brooklyn 
Water Works and the ground water problem on Long Island. Mr. 
Spear is a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers, 
the New England Water Works Association and numerous other 
engineering societies. He is also a corresponding member of sev- 
eral engineering societies in Europe. 

Louis A. Ferguson ('88), has the distinction of being the only 
man who has ever been honored by the presidency of the three great 
electrical associations in America. He is now president of the 
American Institute of Electrical Engineers. In 190 1 he was elected 
president of the Association of Edison Illuminating Companies, 
and in 1902 he was re-elected. In 1902, also, he was elected presi- 
dent of the National Electric Light Association. 

Langdon Pearse ('01), has been selected by the city of Chicago 
to make scientific investigation into the methods of sewage disposal 
with an eflFort to devise means to reduce the pollution of the waters 
of Lake Michigan. Mr. Pearse was formerly connected with the 
Sewage Disposal Bureau of San Francisco. 

John M. Hood, Jr. ('01), engineer of the United Railways and 

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Tech Men in the Public Eye 241 

Electric Company of Baltimore, has been appointed chief engineer 
of the company. 

C. W. RiCKER ('9i)> has been appointed engineering assistant 
to the receivers of the Municipal Traction Company in Cleveland, 
Ohio. Mr. Ricker has had a wide professional experience, and 
has recently been electrical engineer of the Cleveland Construction 

G. C. Whipple ('89), has been appointed, by the Common Coun- 
cil of Milwaukee, a member of a committee to devise a suitable 
plan for the disposal of the sewage of that city. Mr. Whipple is 
consulting professor of the Brookl}m Polytechnic Institute; a fellow 
of the Royal Microscopic Society; a member of the American Chem- 
ical Society; the Society of Chemical Industry; the American Public 
Health Association; American Water Works Association; American 
Society for Municipal Improvements, besides many others. He is 
the author of "Microscopy of Drinking Water," published in 1905, 
and "Value of Pure Water,'* published in 1906. 

William Z. Ripley ('90), of Harvard University, has been elected 
an honorary fellow of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great 
Britain and Ireland, in recognition of his researches in the field 
of European and American demography. 

George E. Hale C90), of the Solar Observatory on Mount 
Wilson, has been appointed a delegate to represent the National 
Academy of Sciences at the Darwin Celebration at Cambridge. 

G. A. Abbotf ('08), has been appointed professor of physiological 
chemistry at the State Agricultural College at Fargo, No. Dak., 
taking the place made vacant by the death of Professor Wood. 

Frank L. Pierce ('89), of Brooklyn, has been elected president 
and treasurer of the What Cheer and Hope Mutual Fire Insurance 
Companies of Providence. 

Harold K. Lowry ('04), has been appointed assistant signal 
engineer of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway. 

H. W. Tyler ('84), was recently made president of the Appa- 
lachian Mountain Club of Boston. 

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242 The Technology Review 

Lucius K. Russell ('86), has recently been made professor of 
chemistry at the Thomas S. Qarkson Memorial School of Tech- 
nology, Potsdam, N.Y. 

J. R. Freeman ('76), and Allen Hazen ('88), were appointed 
members of a commission of six of the most prominent engineers 
to accompany President-elect Taft on his trip to the Panama Canal. 
The Taft engineering party was unanimously in favor of the lock 
canal. Mr. Freeman states that the foundation of the Gatun dam 
is as safe as the big dam of the Boston Metropolitan Water Works, 
and about one hundred and fifty million dollars and five years' 
time is being saved on the lock canal in addition to the interest of 
the entire cost of the canal ($350,000,000) for five years. He be- 
lieves that ships will pass through the lock from one side of the 
isthmus to the other as quickly as from a sea-level waterway. In 
the narrowest parts the locks are twice as wide as the proposed 
sea-level canal would be, and for three-quarters of the length navi- 
gation will be conducted through large artificial lakes, allowing 
vessels to make much greater speed than they could possibly make on 
a narrow waterway. 

Cass Gilbert ('80), C. Grant La Faroe ('83), Robert S. 
Peabody ('68), J. G. Howard ('86), Glenn Brown ('93), John 
L. Mauran ('89), A. W. Brunner ('79), Daniel C. French 
('71), Abram Garfield ('96) and E. H. Blashfield ('69) have 
been appointed by President Roosevelt on an Arts Council, a na- 
tional commission to supervise the designing of all federal 
buildings and their surroundings. The council consists of thirty 
members, of whom four are painters, four are sculptors and one is 
a landscape architect, the others being architects. It is interesting 
to note that, of the thirty men appointed to this very important and 
representative committee, ten are former students of the Institute, 
all of them architects except two, one a painter and one a sculptor. 

Robert S. Peabody ('68), George R. Wadsworth ('98), 
Arthur A. Shurtleff ('94), Richard A. Hale CT?) and Des- 
mond FitzGerald, of the Institute Corporation, have recently made 
a report to the Metropolitan Improvement Commission on some 

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Tech Men in the Public Eye 243 

phases of the commercial and civic development of Boston, — a 
report on which they have been engaged as engineers for several 
months. The features principally touched on are the development 
of the harbor, including a free port, dry docks and ample warehouses, 
the improvement of freight and passenger traffic and designs for a 
civic centre adapted to several possible sites. This report has at- 
tracted vnde-spread attention, and vrill be of great benefit at this 
time when the general development of Boston is receiving so much 
careful study. 

Allston Sargent ('98) is chairman of the joint committee of 
the College Clubs Building Company. This is the organization 
which was formed to finance the proposed club-house in New York 
for alumni of Amherst, Brown, Dartmouth, Technology, Wesleyan 
and Williams. 

William G. Snow ('88) has been elected president of the Ameri- 
can Society of Hearing and Venrilaring Engineers. 

A Directory of Every Fomier Student 

Work on the new Register of Former Students is being pushed 
forward rapidly, and it is now expected that a copy will be mailed 
to every Tech man for whom we have a good address, during the 
present month. This register, which is published as a buUerin of 
the Institute, is somewhat larger than the catalogue, and this year 
will take the place of the Register of Graduates. The names are 
arranged both alphaberically and geographically. The alphabeti- 
cal list contains the names and addresses of all former students, 
giving the business in which they are engaged. 

Since the January Review was published, over 700 associate 
members have joined the Alunmi Association, and new names are 
<:oming in every day. 

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244 The Technology Review 


When interviewed yesterday as to the transfer to Harvard from the In* 
stitute of Technology of two of the latter's leading professors, George F. 
Swain, head of the Civil Engineering Department, and Harry £. Cliffbrd of 
the Electrical Engineering Department, Acting President Arthur A. Noyes 
said. — 

"In justice to these two professors and to the two institutions it should 
be understood that neither of these two men has made the change because 
of the oflFer of a higher salaiy. It is rather because they feel that to them< 
as individuals there is oflFered a greater opportunity for service in connec- 
tion with the development of the new school. 

"The past history of the Institute has shown that even its best professors 
are seldom lured away merely by financial inducements. Nor is it likely 
that the income of the much-talked-of McKay millions will be more attrac- 
tive than similar inducements elsewhere. With few exceptions members 
of the Institute's Faculty do not believe that the form of engineering edu- 
cation represented by the imperfectly co-ordinated undergraduate and 
graduate courses of the university has as much future promise of success and. 
effectiveness as the Institute's system." 

As to the possibility of the question of the Technology-Harvard merger 
being again brought up, now that a member of the Institute Corporation 
and two of its professors have been taken up by the university, Dr. Noyes 
said there was nothing in the statement. He said that even those members 
of the Faculty and Corporation who had been the strongest advocates of the 
merger admitted that it was not possible, and that Professor Lowell him- 
self feels that the question has been settled never to be taken up again. — 
Boston Glohej January 23. 

Dr. Maclaurin, whose accession to active leadership at "Tech" has 
been overshadowed somewhat, unfortunately, in popular interest by recent 
changes at Harvard, finds himself at the start of his administration bur- 
dened with grave financial pr6blems. 

Changes in site and buildings cannot be avoided much longer, except by 
the alternative of keeping down the number of students. Already the re- 
quirements for admission are so high that few young men approach themi 

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Miscellaneous Clippings 245 

save with apprehension. The proposition to increase their severity is based, 
not on the idea that "Tech's" examinations are too easy, but on the necessity 
of keeping the number of successful applicants for enrolment within the 
limits of the Institute's facilities. 

Unfortunately, "Tech" has no great body of wealthy graduates to whom 
she can appeal for endowments. The necessity of working for a living is 
one of the chief incentives that send young students to face the stiff exam- 
inations and strict discipline. And, while after-life holds many rich prizes, 
there are few, if any, Higginsons and Goulds and Vanderbilts on the 
alumni's roll. 

It seems to be up to the Commonwealth itself to help Dr. Maclaurin out 
of his dilemma. It must never be said that any young son of Massachusetts, 
eager and able to meet adequate scholarship requirements, has to be "frozen 
out" by an adjustment of ardfidal standards necessitated by financial 
distress of the great Institute of which our state is so justly proud. — Boston 

President Maclaurin of the Institute of Technology comes to his new 
task without any of the strength or the weakness of long-established personal 
and social reladons in Boston. Not an alumnus of the insdtudon, not handi- 
capped by any obligations incurred to any men or any families, he can view 
the problem objectively, as it were, and act with insdtudonal ends only in 
view. On the other hand, of course, he has a deal to learn, much vAddi 
a Bostonian or even a New Englander from any other state would know, 
and his thought and strength, to a considerable extent, will be spent in ac- 
quiring that which will come as insdncdvely to Harvard's new president as 
the salutadons of the day. On the other hand. President Lowell, when he 
takes up the reins, will be the conscious, or unconscious, representadve of 
tradidons, points of view, ways of looking at things, which cannot but in- 
fluence him in his execudve decisions and which will prevent him from 
taking that objecdve point of view which President Maclaurin can take 
for lack of family, insdtudonal and secdonal deflecdons. It will be inter- 
esting to watch the outcome of the two presidencies, for this if for no other 
reason. — Boston Herald, January 1 8. 

The plans for the Harvard Graduate School of Applied Science are being 
pudied forward rapidly in anticipadon of the receipt next fall of the first 
|i, 000,000 instalment from the McKay bequest for this purpose. Under 
the terms of the McKay will, the income of the property was to accumulate 

Digitized by 


246 The Technology Review 

until it amounted to |i ,000,000, when it was to be turned over to Harvard 
University for a school of applied science. Thereafter four-fifths of the 
income of the estate will be turned over to the university for the same pur- 
pose, and at the expiration of certain life interests the whole great estate 
reverts to the university, thus making its technical school the wealthiest in 
the country. 

The history of instruction in applied science at Harvard has been unusual. 
Special attention was only given to such branches of applied science as were 
provided for by specific bequests, tike mining, metallurgy and architecture, 
for it was the policy of the university to avoid covering the same field as 
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. It was also felt by a section 
of the Harvard authorities that, while other universities might find it desir^ 
able to maintain large undergraduate engineering colleges, more good would 
be accomplished in the end for sound education principles as a whole, and 
the engineering profession in particular, if its instruction in engineering 
were put on the same level as that in law, medicine and theology. In other 
words, it was held that the Harvard School of Applied Science should be 
open only to those who had completed a college undergraduate course. 

When the McKay millions were left to Harvard University for a techni- 
cal college^ it was at once apparent that a conflict of interests between the 
university and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology was inmiinent. 
After a careful study of the terms of the bequest it was decided that this 
great educational fund could be made available for both the university 
and the Institute by merging the latter with the former, making it a dis- 
tinct undergraduate school, and leaving the university to carry on post- 
graduate work. The Institute v^as then cramped for funds and space, 
while the university could help it in both these respects. This merging of 
interests was urged by President Pritchett, of the Institute, President Eliot, 
of Harvard, and his successor, President Lowell, who was then a member 
of the Executive Committee of the Institute, which his family had materially 
helped in its early days. The Faculty and alunmi of the Institute were 
strongly against the merger, however, and it was accordingly abandoned. 

Since then the Harvard authorities have given very careful attention to 
the projected school of applied science, and announced last spring that they 
would not give undergraduate instruction, thus making Harvard the first 
university to demand for engineering the same standard of education which 
the great universities have all along required for the older learned profes- 
sions. This decision removed the possibility of any direct competition 
between Harvard and the Massachusetts Institute. The high sundard 

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Miscellaneous Clippings 247 

for admission to the Harvard School of Applied Science will operate to keep 
the number of students down, at least for some years, and probably other 
differences between the two schemes of education will develop. It is safe 
to say, in view of the action of the Harvard authorities for many years, 
that they will avoid, so far as practicable under the terms of the McKay be- 
quest, any direct competition with the Massachusetts Institute. It is 
equally certain that Harvard will ultimately have a very fine engineering 
school with a very high standard. — Engineering Record, January 30, 

In the last issue of the Engineering Record a reference was made to the 
five years' course of engineering study now offered at the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology, with the observation that this important feature 
of the Institute's work "marks an innovation which deserves thou^tful 
consideration." In fact, it is such an important step in engineering edu- 
cation that it deserves far more attention than it will probably receive, at 
least, on the part of the profession in general. The Massachusetts Insti- 
tute is to be congratulated upon taking a step of such moment in the inter- 
ests of the education of engineers, indicating the alertness of that prominent 
technical institution in meeting the broadest needs of engineers in their 
educational training. ... All the prominent technical schools have felt 
this pressure constantly increasing in intensity for a number of years. This 
is a natural and necessary development. The engineer is no longer a 
merely technical man. His professional work has become aflBliated with 
many lines of business activity, and he is naturally drawn into many posi- 
tions where general administrative qualities are required. This necessi- 
tates general educational training, as has been already recognized in the 
professional schools for lawyers particularly. It is a phase of engineering 
education to which schools of engineering must give their most serious 
attention, for it corresponds to a rapidly widening demand upon engineers. 
On the other hand, another educational question has arisen, whether short- 
ened courses of even less than four years in length may not wisely be formu- 
lated for certain engineering specialties which young men may desire to 
follow who never expect to be full-fledged engineers. Such courses of 
study are already given in some evening courses in large cities, but it is a 
serious question whether engineering schools of the present day as a whole 
should not provide this special development of educational training. — Engi^ 
neering Record, October IJ, 

When President Madaurin, newly elected head of the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology, and the new president of Harvard University, 

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248 The Technology Review 

soon to be named, take up their respective tasks, they will find some that 
are common to each, and some that are peculiar and distinct, conditioned 
by the type of the institution, by its histoiy, its environment and its resources. 
In the report just rendered on the affairs of the Institute of Technology, 
Acting President Noyes has outlined some of the pressing needs of that in- 
stitution, as did President Eliot those of Harvard at a recent gathering in 
Providence. Conspicuous among the needs of the Boston institution ia 
a new site and plant. At Cambridge the serious matter is to retain the 
old relative rank in student enrolment, owing to altered conditions, economic, 
social and religious, which affect former sources of supply. 

There is one large problem, however, which each institution must face, 
and which both can settle best by co-operation rather than by separa- 
tion; and it is one of the most important for education in New England. 
The logic of the matter, and the practical results of the effective com- 
petition of state-supported institutions of hi^er learning in the West, are 
combining to create a demand in New England for something of the same 

A demand for a State University in Massachusetts need never come, 
providing her present educational institutions work out a scheme satisfac- 
tory on two points, namely: tuition at nominal rates, which obtain in state 
universities, and service of the state in the same practical, efficient way 
in which some of the Western universities are bringing knowledge and sci- 
entific methods to bear on the life of the common people. Carefully and 
thoroughly worked out, and made inclusive of the best institutions of the 
state, a compact of this sort between Harvard and the Institute of 
Technology and other institutions, might permanently fend off a popular 
demand for something new, distinct and definitely controlled and sup- 
ported by the state. 

Nothing is more significant than the demand going up from the people 
everywhere for access to the best that education can give. Ancient Oxford 
and Cambridge are alive to the fact that they must get nearer the people, 
for the people are bound to get nearer them. London recently saw three 
hundred delegates from trades-unions in session, to "consider the relation 
between the older universities and labor, with especial reference to the forth- 
coming report of the joint committee of university and labor representa- 
tives on Oxford and the education of the people." This committee is soon 
to report a definite scheme of working-class education, by which Oxford 
may be brought back to the people, and representatives of the people brought 
up to and into Oxford. The dream of F. D. Maurice and his group of 

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Miscellaneous Clippings 249 

fellow Broad Churchmen and Christian Socialists years ago, is soon to 
come true. 

In the higher institutions of learning of Massachusetts and New Eng- 
land the doors have always been open to welcome deserving and industri- 
ous youth of any creed, race or stadon; but New England universities 
and colleges have a lesson to learn from some western state universities, — 
how to formally and effectively serve society through the extension of in- 
struction far beyond academic walls, and through the direct influence of 
educated experts upon civic problems as they arise. — Boston Herald, Decem- 
ber 15. 

. . . The characteristics of the Institute, perhaps insufficiently displayed 
by this sketch, are the following: (i) the importance attached to the funda- 
mental principles rather than to the details of a trade; (2) the encourage- 
ment of social life among the students, a recent development due largely 
to the spirit of the previous President; (3) the encouragement of investi- 
gations made by the students, in whom is instilled much independence of 
thought and action; (4) the combining of professional with liberal studies. 
A liberal view is held as to the object of the studies, and serious effort is 
made to co-ordinate science and culture. The object of those who shaped 
the spirit of the institution was not to make solely engineers, but men of 
liberal spirit and large ideas. 

After studying such an institution, one may doubt the wisdom of the 
usual method, which is this : to separate or to try to separate culture from 
science and technology study. It is usual to devote the first part of the 
student's life to culture, and to postpone his technical and scientific educa- 
tion. This artificial arrangement is completely irrational; for, if there is 
really ground for making any separation, it would seem more reasonable 
first to train the young mind completely by inculcating scientific methods, 
and to leave its general culture to completion in a later period, when it will 
have a widened horizon and better knowledge of men and affairs. How- 
ever this may be, there can be no doubt that an education received at the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology may be of the largest service to any 
one whose has the least aptitude for science. Even for a man who might 
aim at a purely scientific career, it would be well to go through such a 
school : he would escape the danger of too sharp a separation between head 
and hand, which is so unfortunate for both. Science is too much inclined 
to concern itself with abstractions and unreal problems. Its detachment 
from practice deprives it of its most necessary stimulus, and that to the 

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250 The Technology Review 

harm of science or of industry. A good technological institution reminds 
us only that we need not to develop able men of science and of industry, 
but that we must develop science and industry together, and by these raise 
humanity to its highest possible level. — Richard C. Maclauriiiy in the 
"Revue Scientifique" (Paris). 

The reports of Acting President Arthur A. Noyes and the other officers 
of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology are given in the Bulletin of the 
Institute for January. The Acting President says: "Without sacrificing 
its nadonal scope or its own independence, the Institute should, therefore, 
constantly strive to serve the state in every possible way, — in the develop- 
ment of its natural resources, in th6 improvement of its industrial processes 
and its transportation facilities, and especially in the solution of its edu- 
cational problems. In all these respects it should stand to the Conmion- 
wealth much in the same relation as do the progressive state universities of 
the middle west. In order that the Institute may render, in larger meas- 
ure, this public service, the sute should supply the necessary resources. 
The forms which it would seem such assistance would most naturally take 
are: first, provision for a reduced tuition to Massachusetts students or 
increased scholarship funds for their benefit, such as will place the edu- 
cational opportunities which the Institute affords within the means of a 
larger proportion of the well-prepared graduates of the high schools of the 
state; second, provision for the execution in its laboratories of investi- 
gations in engineering and applied science which are of especial importance 
to the development of the state's resources and industries; and, third, co- 
operation with the Institute in providing for workmen a sound education 
in the industrial sciences, by means of evening courses carried on in its 
class-rooms, drawing-rooms and laboratories by members of its instructing 
staff." — Springfield Republican. 

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Book Reviews 251 


Lead and Zinc in the United States. Comprising an Economic 
History of the Mining and Smelting of the Metals, and the Conditions 
which have aflFected the Development of the Industries. By Walter 
Renton Ingalls ('86). pp. x + 368. Illustrated. New York: Hill 
Publishing Company, 1908. $4. 

Most publications dealing with the histories of metals have mainly an 
antiquarian interest. The two leading exceptions to this general rule are 
found in the great work of Beck on iron, and the more general book of 
Neumann on the leading industrial metals, as both authors have taken 
up the statistical, industrial and technical sides, and added them to the 
usual chronological treatment of the subject. 

The present work deals with lead and zinc only, the ores of which fre- 
quently occur together and therefore influence each other in treatment. 
The new departure of this publicadon lies in the fact that, restricting the 
field to the United States, it considers the American methods of treatment 
of the metals from the mine through the smelter to the market of the finished 
product. The technical processes are given with sufficient details to be 
clear even to the reader not especially versed in this branch of engineering. 

The time of writing such a work is opportune, as some of the founders 
of the modem American lead-smelting practice are still actively engaged 
in their profession, and as the fathers of the first industrial production of 
zinc are still living; nor could the work have fallen into better hands than 
those of the author, who is well known to the mining and metallurgical 
profession as an engineer, as a writer on subjects relating to lead and zinc, 
and as the editor of one of our leading technical journals and annuals. 

The introduction gives a brief and concise review of the history of the 
two metals in this country. The first part, which deals with lead, is much 
longer than the second, devoted to zinc. This was to have been expected, 
as, while lead was first mined in the early part of the seventeenth century, 
zinc was not produced until two centuries later. 

The history of lead begins with an account of the occurrence of lead ores. 
The discussion outlines the leading geological features of the deposits, but 
dwells more upon the character and grade of the ores, and upon the indus- 
trial conditions which governed the mining operations. This is followed 
by the chronology of the history of lead-mining, which starts from the first 
record of 1621, when lead was mined and smelted near Falling Creek, Va., 

Digitized by 


252 The Technology Review 

and records the leading events down to 1906. Chapter III. gives a valu- 
able resume of the development of the blast-furnace practice of smelt- 
ing silver-bearing lead ores, and of the treatment of sflver-free lead ores in 
the ore-hearth and the reverberatory furnace. It shows how blast-furnace 
smelting developed from crude beginnings into its present unsurpassed 
excellence by the application of science to art, and by concentration of 
operations into large, centrally located plants. In the account of the ore- 
hearth work the increase in yield by the recovery of fumes receives due 
consideration. While in smelting the work of Arents, Eilers, Hahn, Raht 
and others is recorded, in the chapter on refining we should have liked to 
see mentioned the invention of the Steitz siphon, which changed the refin- 
ing practice as did the Arents siphon tap the blast-furnace work, and the 
systematization of the complications in the Parkes process, which is more 
largely due to £. F. Eurich than to anybody else, and which forms the basis 
of the modem American practice. We miss also any record of some early 
eastern refineries, as, e.g,y the Delaware Lead Works at Philadelphia and 
other smaller plants around New York. Chapters V.-XII. give a detailed 
history of the mining and metallurgical operations of the several states 
and territories. The production of metal at different periods is usually given, 
although in some cases, e.g,^ in Montana, the data are missing. The re- 
maining 55 pages of the 255 given to lead deal with the sutisdcs of pro- 
duction, consumption and prices, with the commercial conditions, the 
tariflf on lead, the labor conditions and with trade agreements and combi- 

The second part, which takes up 90 pages, treats of the history of zinc 
according to the same general plan as followed with lead. The mechanical 
concentration of zinc ores, which plays such an important part in the treat- 
ment, receives a separate chapter. The chapter on the metallurgy of zinc, 
the author's specialty, contains a critical review of the different types of 
distilling furnaces which have been and are used in this country. It is 
a chapter which every metalluigist will study with profit and pleasure. 

The book, as a whole, is most satisfactory, as it is replete with valuable 
information presented in an interesting way. Last, but not least, it has a 
full index which enables the student to look up points upon which he desires 
enlightenment. — H, 0. HofmaUy in Science, 

Principles and Practice of Surveying. By Breed and Hosmer. 
Vol. II. Higher Surveying. Wiley, 1908. 

The second part of the book on surveying, by Messrs. Breed and Hosmer, 

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Book Reviews 253 

which deals principally with topographical surveying and the elementary 
problems of trianguladon, is a fitting supplement to their first book on 
surveying for engineers. All the geodetic and astronomical problems are 
such as can be solved with the ordinary engineer's transit, and the methods 
of observadon and computation are stated in such simple language that 
they can be easily understood by any one who has studied plane and spheri- 
cal trigonometry. The chapter on topographical sketching and the rela- 
tion of topography to geology is especially interesting, and the illustrations 
admirably re-enforce the text. The chapter on hydraulic survejring, by 
Mr. H. K. Barrows, shows every indication of having been written by one 
who has had much practical experience. The trouble with many of our 
text-books on advanced surve}ring, geodesy and topography is- that they 
give much more attention to those subjects than is desirable for the 
general civil engineering student. This text-book of Messrs. Breed and 
Hosmer embodies, to my mind, the exact amount of advanced work in 
surveying which is suitable for a student who is to become a general 
practising engineer. Alfred £. Burton. 

Mars as the Abode of Life. By Percival Lowell, A.B., LL.D., 
author of "Mars and its Canals,'' director of the observatory at Flag- 
staflF, Ariz.; non-resident professor of astronomy at the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology; Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and 
Sciences. Illustrated. New York: The Macmillan Company; Wash- 
ington: Brentano's. 

The text included in this volume comprises the matter of a series of 
lectures delivered in 1906 before the Lowell Institute. The course at- 
tracted such a wide-spread attention that the lecture halls were filled to over- 
flowing and it was necessary to repeat the addresses. The lectures were 
then published in the Century Magasune^ and are now issued in book form. 
This successive treatment of Professor Lowell's explanations as to the latest 
discoveries regarding the conditions of the planet Mars is justified by the 
fact that the author is, doubdess, at this dme the foremost among those who 
are engaged in the fascinating study of Mars. Professor Lowell, however, 
did not deal exclusively with that planet, but pitched his lectures in the key 
of planetary evoludon in general, and the 4>ook is a presentadon of a thesis 
which Professor Lowell long had in mind, and of which the studies of Mars 
formed only a part, — the research into the genesis and development of what 
is commonly called a worid. He views Mars in this light, studying how it 
originated and how it came to differ from the earth in the process. In the 

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254 The Technology Review 

first part of this volume the broader aspects of the question are dealt with at 
length under the general title "The Genesis of a World." In the second 
chapter the author treats of the evolution of life, which he regards as an 
inevitable phase of planeuiy evolution. The relation of the sun to the 
planets and particularly to conditions on Mars calls for a third chapter. 
Perhaps the most popular interest centres in the chapter which deals with 
Mars and the future of the earth, it being the author's thought that possibly 
by a study of the planet a concept of what is in store for this sphere may be 
obtained. As to the canals of Mars, Professor Lowell holds to the dieoiy 
that they are neither rivers nor cracks, but have been produced by artificial 
means. He is firmly convinced of the existence of life upon Mars, but he 
believes it is nearing its end. The book is of a highly scientific nature, but 
it nevertheless appeals to the non-technical reader, and is decidedly of an 
instructive character, tending to correct misapprehensions regarding the 
present state of Martian study. 

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Publications of the Institute StafF 255 


Robert P. Bigelow. A New Narcomedusa from the North Atlantic. 
Biological Bulletin f vol. 16, pp. 80-82, January, 1909. Illustrated. 

Arthur A. Noyes. What the Institute stands for Today. Technology 
Review, 3 pp., January, 1909. 

Arthur A. Noyes. The Choice of a Course of Study. Printed separately, 
10 pp. December, 1908. 

Charles W. Berry. The Temperature-Entropy Diagram. John Wiley 
& Sons, New York; Chapman & Hall, London. Second edition, revised 
and enlarged, pp. xviii -j- 299. October, 1908. Illustrated. 

Breed and Hosmer. Principles and Practice of Surveying. New York. 
Vol. ii. 432 pp. October, 1908. Illustrated. 

C. H. Peabody, W. S. Leland and H. A. Everett. Service Test on 
Turbine Steamship "Harvard." Society of Naval Architects and Marine 
Engineers, New York, vol. 16, November, 1908. 

Henry Fay. A Microscopic Investigation of Broken Steel Rails; Man- 
ganese Sulphide as a Source of Danger. Proceedings American Society 
for Testing Materials, 1908. 

Henry Fay. Discussion on Steel Rails. Proceedings Boston Society of 
Civil Engineers. 

Henry Fay. Sulphur Specifications for Rails. Proceedings New Eng- 
land Railroad Qub, 1908. 

H. O. Ilofman. Review of Ingalls, W. R., "Lead and Zinc in the United 
States." Science, vol. 29, p. 231, Feb. 5, 1909. 

H. M. Goodwin and H. T. Kalmus. On the Conductance and Fluidity 
of Fused Salts. Physical Review, vol. 27, p. 322, October, 1908. 

Goodwin and Kalmus. On the Latest Heat of Fusion and the Specific 
Heat of Salts in the Solid and Liquid State. Physical Review, vol. 28, 
pp. 1-24, January, 1909. 

Sidis and Kalmus. A Study of Galvanometric Deflections due to Psycho- 
physiological Processes. Psychological Review, vol. xv. pp. 391-396, 
October, 1908; January, 1909, vol. xvi. pp. 1-35. 

C. H. Peabody, W. S. Leland, H. A. Everett. Service Tests on Steam- 
ship "Harvard" (Parsons Turbine). Society of Naval Architects and 
Marine Engineers, November, 1908. Illustrated. 

Gilbert N. Lewis. The Determination of Ionic Hydration from 

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256 The Technology Review 

Electromotive Force. Journal American Chemical Society, vol. 30, p. 

Gilbert N. Lewis. A Revision of the Fundamental Laws of Matter 

and Energy. Philosophical Magazine y November, 1908. 

Peabody and Miller. Steam Boilers. Revised and enlarged during 
summer. J. Wiley & Sons. 

George £. Russell. Notes on Hydraulics. Revised edition. Boston, 
Oct. I, 1908. 100 pp. Illustrated. 

M. deKay Thompson. The Electrolytic Reduction of Aluminum as a 
Laboratory Elxperiment. Electro Chemical aud Metallurgical Industry^ 
January, 1909, vol. 7, pp. 19-21. 

Robert H. Richards. Velocity of Galena and Quartz falling in Water. 
Transactions American Institute of Mining Engineers, April, 1907, 26 pp. 

Robert H. Richards. The Wilfley Table I. & II. Transactions Ameri- 
can Institute of Mining Engineers, July, 1907, and February, 1908, pp. 
25 and 13. 

George C. Shaad. Practicability of Electrifying the Hoosac Tunnel. 
Abstract of a Thesis by Messrs. Hayes and Warren. Electric Railway 
Journal y October 24, vol. xxxii. p. 1245, 3 P* Illustrated. 

W. H. Walker. Corrosion of Iron and Steel and Modem Methods of 
Preventing it. Engineering Record, Feb. 20, 1 909, vol. 59, p. 222. 

W. H. Walker. Function of Oxygen in the G)rrosion of Metals. Trans- 
actions American Electro-chemical Society, vol. xiv. p. 175. 

C. H. Warren and Charles Palache. Krohnkite, Natrochalcite (a new 
mineral) and Other Sulphates from Chili. American Journal of Science, 
vol. 36, October, 1908. 

C. H. Warren. Notes on tiie Alteration of Angite Ilmenite Groups in 
the Cumberland, R. I. Gabbro (Hessose). American Journal of Science, 
vol. 36, November, 1908. 

C.-E. A. Winslow and A. R. Winslow. The Systematic Relationships 
of the Coccaceae. New York, viii -f- 300 pp. 1908. Illustrated. 

C.-E. A. Winslow. A Method for Determining the Number of Dust 
Particles in Air. 

A. G. Woodman and E. H. Newhall. The Detection of Caramel in 
Vanilla Extract. Technology Quarterly, 1908, vol. xxi. p. 280. 

A. G. Woodman and E. F. Lyford. The Colonmetric Estimation of 
Benzaldehyde in Almond Extracts. Journal of American Chemical Society, 
1908, vol. 30, p. 1607. 

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News from the Classes 257 


Robert H. Richards, Sec.y Mass. Inst, of Tech., Boston, Mass. 

The secretary has received a number of interesting letters from 
classmates, some of whom have not been heard from for a long 
time. One most interesting is from Ernest Bowditch, as follows: — 

The statement that any part of my vacation in 1908 was occupied in seri- 
ously studying oyster culture and planting oysters at Isle au Haut, Me., 
may probably be received with amusement, but that is the truth. It may 
not be obvious, either, that the technical training of an engineer fits one 
peculiarly to cany on experiments in pisciculture. 

It may not be generally known that, formerly, extensive beds of oysters 
flourished along the coast of Maine, Bay of Fundy and the south shores of 
New Bnmswick and Nova Scotia; but now, with two or three exceptions, 
the localities where oysters thrive in northern waters, east of Boston and 
south of Labrador, appear to be confined to areas along the north shores 
of Nova Scoria and. New Brunswick and about Prince Edward Island. 

No plausible theory has been formulated explaining why the beds in 
Maine have died, though it is surmised that perhaps the temperature of the 
water may now be lower than formerly, owing perhaps to some temporary 
or permanent deviation of the Gulf Stream, and that oysters of that type 
under the new conditions can no longer flourish where they were once suffi- 
ciently vigorous to produce shells somerimes as much as nineteen inches 
in length. 

The two narive beds srill alive in Maine are what are referred to, some- 
what contemptuously, as "river" oysters, and are located in brackish water 
between the Kennebec and the Penobscot. The shell-fish received from 
there at Isle au Haut, for experimental purposes, were fairly large in size, — 
in fact, too large for the best seed oysters, — ^but were thin and in poor con- 
dition, due, perhaps, to unfortunate surroundings where they grew. Parti- 
cles of soft coal, ashes and bits of refuse from a leatheroid factory were re- 
ported as being noticed on some shells, both of which would tend to dis- 
courage the health of fish supposed to grow best in clean, cool water. 

These "river" oysters were obtained to use as a basis of experiment, 
because they were evidently descendants of the original bivalve setders, 
and therefore acclimated; and with them were mixed an equal quantity 

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258 The Technology Review 

of shell-fish from the south shore of Prince Edward Island, as being prob- 
ably more likely to do well than if brought from the warmer waters of the 

It is intended, however, to add oysters from Providence River, Long 
Island Sound and Norfolk during this year, in the hope that in this way 
a hybrid may develop that will not only stand the cold water, but multiply 
as well. 

Judging from appearances and shape, the Prince Edward Island oysters 
are not the same type as those formerly growing in state of Maine waters. 
Though smaller, they appear to be very healthy and fat, and were received 
in prime condidon. 

Three years will be needed to try the experiment. Meanwhile it is in- 
tended to add to the collection at every opportunity, keep a record of the 
summer temperature of the water, and, as far as possible, eliminate star 
fish, mussels, etc., that are the natural enemies of the oyster. 

A bed has been successfully started in this way in Casco Bay, though 
perhaps it is early yet to accurately gauge its measure of success. There 
would appear, however, to be no basic reason why, if oysters can be made 
to grow successfully at Portland and breed naturally along the north shore of 
New Brunswick, they cannot be made to grow between the two places. It 
has been stated that the summer temperature of the water where the writer is 
operating is too cold for the successful breeding of the oyster, though they 
probably may be made to grow there. Time will show whether this be true. 

In any case, whether the experiment is successful or not, it is interesting 
to try, and, should it succeed, there would open an opportunity for the fish- 
ermen that might prove quite as remuneradve to them as lobster fishing, 
without many of its hardships. 

— Jackson intended to be at the annual alumni dinner, but was 
unable to attend. He reports that he is getting out a report on 
the Cambridge bridge, which has been a most interesting work, 
and has in contemplation a more technical description of the bridge^ 
which will be presented to the American Society of Civil Engineers. — 
Whitney Conant, who is treasurer of the Jersey City Water Supply 
Company, Paterson, N.J., writes that he is to take a short trip 
abroad this summer with Mrs. Conant. He says, "Weight of 
years certainly rests very much lighter than I would have believed 
it possible in '68, and I am not offended when those who know me 
best tell me I am still a *kid.'" — Bryant writes from Jamestown, 
No. Dak., that he is still very actively engaged in railroad engi- 
neering work, being out in the open much of the time. Sometimes 
he has to face blizzards in camp out there in the north-west with 
only an oil stove for comfort. Often, however, he can arrange to 
do his winter work in the south. — Eli Forbes has been leading an 
out-door life so far as possible since he retired from business. He 

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News from the Classes 259 

is now at Lancaster, Mass. He writes that he is Hving a very quiet 
life, and at the same time tells us of a saddle trip of two hundred 
miles that he took last October through the state of Maine. — ^How- 
ard Carson ('69), has been engaged mainly as chief engineer on the 
Boston Transit Commission in completing the Washington Street 
tunnel, making studies for the Beacon Hill tunnel and the River- 
bank subway, etc. He is one of the advisory board of engineers 
for the double track railway tunnel now partially completed under 
the Detroit River for the New York Central lines. — ^Appleton writes 
from East Pepperell, Mass., that he is now spending much of 
the autunm and winter at his summer place at Pepperell, which 
contains about thirty acres in the highest part of the town, five hun- 
dred feet above the sea. The view from this point is very impres- 
sive, extending to the Uncanoonac Mountains in New Hampshire, 
about twenty-seven miles away. — Channing Whitaker submitted 
to an operation about two years ago, and for a time was forced to 
put in short hours at the Lowell Machine Shops with which he is 
connected. Recently, however, he writes that he is steadily gain- 
ing in vigor, and hopes soon to be himself again. — ^At the alumni 
dinner in January five of us, Tolman, Stevens, Fillebrown, Forbes 
and Richards, had a jolly time together, enjoying the lively doings 
and talking over old times. 

E. A. W. Hammatt, Sec.y Hyde Park, Mass. 

The annual meeting and dinner of the class was held at Young's 
Hotel, Boston, on Friday, March 5, 1909. The secretary (who has 
been in Brattleboro, Vt., for several months) had arrived somewhat 
early in order to prepare his report, and the first member to greet 
him was Tom Bakewell. This was the first meeting Bakewell 
has attended since 1875, ^"^ ^^ ^^^ somewhat at a loss when it 
came to recognizing the boys. At about 8 p.m. the following mem- 
bers sat down to dinner: Aspinwall, Bakewell, Beal, Bowers, Dorr, 
Hanmiatt, Hibbard, Howe, Kinnicutt, Lewis, Mixter, Plimpton, 
Simonds and Willard. At 9.50 President Hibbard called the meedng 
to order, and the secretary read the report of the last meedng, which 
was approved. The report of the executive committee having been 
accepted, that of the treasurer was presented. It was accepted and 
ordered placed on file. On motion the secretary cast a ballot for 
officers for the coming year, and the following were declared elected: 
president, Thomas Hibbard; vice-president, B. L. Beal; secre- 

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26o The Technology Review 

taiy and treasurer, E. A. W. Hammatt; executive committee, B. L. 
Beal, S. J. Mixter, W. P. Willard. On motion of Mr. Kinnicutt, 
it was voted that Messrs. Hibbard, Mixter and Beal constitute a 
committee with full powers to take charge of class matters connected 
with the M. I. T. reunion to be held in June next. Adjourned at 

II P.M. 

Richard A. Hale, Sec.^ Lawrence, Mass. 

The annual meeting and reunion of the Class of y^ was held 
March 3 at the Technology Club at 7 p.m. President Carter being 
in San Francisco, vice-president Lawton presided. Ten members 
were present: C. F. Lawton, H. S. Southworth, Walter Jenney, 
B. C. Mudge, Charles H. Norton, A. L. Plimpton, George Baldwin, 
E. H. Gowing, Ed. W. Davis and R. A. Hale. Mr. Baldwin's 
arrival from Savannah was quite unexpected, and many interesting 
incidents of southern experiences were related. A committee, con- 
sisting of Joseph P. Gray, A. L. Plimpton, E. H. Gowing and R. A. 
Hale, was appointed to arrange for the June reunion. The former 
board of officers was re-elected, consisting of H. H. Carter, presi- 
dent; C. F. Lawton, vice-president; and R. A. Hale, secretary and 
treasurer. The death of Allan Knowles, of Yarmouthport, a former 
member of the class, was announced. General reminiscences were 
exchanged with no formal remarks. Letters were received from 
George W. Kittredge, who is about taking a trip to California, and 
E. G. Taber, who is assistant engineer of the Spokane Railway 
Company, Spokane, Wash. The meeting adjourned until the June 
reunion. Hon. Wallace Hackett ('7^)9 represents Portsmouth in 
the New Hampshire legislature. He served as mayor of Portsmouth 
during the last two years. 


LiNWOOD O. TowNE, Sec.y Haverhill, Mass. 

Late fall, winter and spring styles in President of these United 
States and Governor of Massachusetts have, by vote of the people, 
evidenced a decided partiality for the classes of '78. Ours of M. L T. 
has accordingly, contrary to its usual modesty, been forced to step 
to the front and put forth our man Draper. The entrance examina- 
tions, so to speak, were passed during Governor Guild's term, 
with Draper as acting governor much of the past year. His entire 

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News from the Classes 261 

fitness for admission being thus shown, he has been duly assigned 
a desk under the gilded dome, and we of his scholastic family 
feel duly proud thereat. This, it is hardly necessary to state to 
other classes, was all arranged, preliminarily thirty and more years 
ago, so undergrads would best take notice if they want to be properly 
placed later on. The stars, fate, fitness and his known spirit of 
hospitality accordingly led his Excellency to arrange for the thir- 
tieth anniversary dinner at his Beacon Street home on the evening 
of January 16. Here gathered twenty-one fellows, about half the 
original entering class, and pracrically comprising all the men, with 
two or three exceptions, located east of the Mississippi. Mrs. 
Draper and the Governor received the guests on arrival, after which 
adjournment was made to the dining-room. As has always been 
our custom, informality prevailed. Rackemann did make appro- 
priate remarks on the toast to his Excellency. President Baker, 
on behalf of the guests at table, presented him with the Massachu- 
setts State flag, or, rather, inquired if he could, without disturbing 
the etiquette of office, accept the same. Draper made answer in a 
manner to give him a passing mark and get the flag, which has since 
been completed, Baker taking it to the State House. Dinner over, 
adjournment was made to the library and a cheerful log blaze, around 
which talk of old and new days made midnight come all too soon. 
We are inclined to think that the classes of '78 are, after thirty 
years, the ones having those "best of days" the present Tech young- 
sters are singing about, and this in a way and with a heart-to- 
heartiness that can hardly be known by these youngsters till they 
have had the same length of time to become seasoned, to summer 
and winter each other, as our little group has done in all the years. 
One of the pleasant incidents of the evening was the first wearing 
before us by Baker of his recendy received decoration from the 
Mikado of Japan of the "Order of the Rising Sun." This order 
was established about i860, and has been conferred on only thirty^ 
eight individuals. Baker modesdy confesses to mild courtesies 
rendered Baron Kaneko and other Japanese representatives coming 
to this country. To hear him tell it, one would think he'd done litde 
but feed them (a pleasant way of his, as we of the class well know), 
but we opine that deep in the hearts of the diplomats from the 
Flowery Kingdom there's something more, — at least they evidendy 
so persuaded the Mikado. At any rate, the decoration is a hand- 
some thing in itself, now worn by an all-round similar man. Be- 
sides the host and President Baker, those at table were: Allbright^ 
Bradford, Brigham, Chappell, Collier, Edwards, Higgins, Miller, 
Nichols, Rackemann, Reed, Rich, Robertson, Sargent, Sawin^ 

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262 The Technology Review 

Schwamb, Williams, Woolworth and Towne. Rollins was missed 
at the dinner, — his first absence in years. Mrs. Rollins and he have 
be^n wintering abroad, especially in Egypt. Having successfully 
dammed the Charles, he has certainly earned a run and a rest across 
the bigger water. 

E. C. Miller, Sec, Wakefield, Mass. 

The annual meeting of the Class of '79, M. I. T., was held at 
Reisenweber's, 58th Street and 8th Avenue, New York city, Dec. 
28, 1908. There were present William J. Haskins and Mrs. Has- 
kins, Horace J. Howe, S.B., Daniel C. Hemingway, Frederic H. 
Lane, S.B., and Mrs. Lane, Walter Large, William W. Macfarlane, 
S.B., Arthur M. Waitt, S.B. At the business meeting twenty-five 
ballots were cast and polled by Messrs. Howe and Haskins, who 
reported the following officers elected: president, Frederic H. Lane, 
New York city; vice-president. Professor R. W. Lodge, Boston, 
Mass.; secretary, E. C. Miller, Wakefield, Mass.; business com- 
mittee, Allen M. Jenks, New York city, and Louis P. Howe, Marl- 
boro, Mass. In the absence of the secretary,* Mr. E. C. Miller, 
whose business engagements prevented his attendance, the minutes 
of the last meeting were read by Mr. A. M. Waitt and approved. 
Letters of regret were read from Vibe C. Spicer, Edwin C. Miller, 
William S. Steams, Charles S. Grooding and R. M. Hosea, and 
nodces that they were alive, but unable to attend, from F. B. Knapp, 
J. W. Cabot, Wilson Eyre, H. G. Hall, G. W. Fabens, F. S. Coffin, 
C. A. Washburn, F. G. Stantial, Professor R. W. Lodge, Louis P. 
Howe, George F. Blake, William S. Hazeltine, E. A. Cutter, William 
H. Rea, Professor W. H. Pickering and George F. Riggs. Also no- 
tices of non-ability to attend were received from two members who 
were too modest to sign their names, and deserve the obscurity that 
shall be theirs. The members of '79 are saddened to learn of the 
death of their well-beloved member, Mr. Frank E. Alden, who died 
at Edgartown, Mass., Sept. 16, 1908, rounding out in his prime a 
particularly useful as well as successful career. Resolutions of 
respect and sympathy for his family were adopted. The banquet 
began promptly at 7.30, and good fellowship, reminiscences of the 
past thirty years, songs and stories, made the time pass quick} dll 
nearly midnight. The presence of the ladies was an innovation 
heartily welcomed, especially since the attendance was small, 
and their graciousness was fully equal to the occasion. 

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News from the Classes 263 

Frank E. Came, Sec.^ 512 Guy Street, Montreal, P.Q. 

Mr. George A. Mower, of the Class of '81, presided at the annual 
American Club banquet in London last year. — ^Mr. Harry H. Cutler 
has retired from business, and has been spending the winter at 
Pinehurst, N.C., where he had a cottage. He spends his summers 
mainly in autoing. 


Walter B. Snow, Sec.^ 170 Summer Street, Boston, Mass. 

Edgar B. Thompson has been appointed superintendent of modve 
power and machinery of the Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & 
Omaha Railway. Since he left the Insdtute, the story of his prog- 
ress is as follows: He began railway work on May 18, 1882, with 
the Chicago & North-western at Chicago. On Feb. 26, 1885, he 
was made chief draughtsman, and on Feb. 2, 1895, was appointed 
mechanical engineer. On March 12, 1897, he was appointed me- 
chanical engineer of the Northern Pacific. From March to August, 
1899, he had charge of some special work in the car department of 
the Chicago & North-western. On Aug. 5, 1899, ^^ again assumed 
the duties of mechanical engineer of the Chicago & North-western, 
and on Jan. i, 1903, he was made master mechanic at Mason 
City, la. On June i, 1903, he was appointed master mechanic 
at Winona, Minn., and on July i, 1906, was made assistant super- 
intendent of motive power and machinery, which posidon he held 
until his recent appointment. — ^Miss Clara Preston Ames announces 
' that she will conduct a small party on a three months' trip to Europe, 
sailing from New York, June 26. The idnerary includes visits to 
the finest cathedrals of England, France and Germany, the uni- 
versity town of Oxford, the casdes of Windsor, Warwick and Heidel- 
berg, the wild and picturesque scenery of North Wales, the quaint 
scenes of Dutch villages, the interesdng mediaeval architecture of 
Hildesheim and Nuremberg and some of the grandest parts of 
Switzerland. Special attendon is given to the art treasures in the 
large cides. Ten days each are given to London and Paris and 
five days to Berlin. — John F. Low's permanent residence and official 
address is now Duxbury, Mass. — George W. Mansfield is inter- 
ested in the Ninigret Mills Company, Mysdc, Conn., of which com- 
pany he is treasurer. — James P. Munroe, as a representative of the 
Insdtute, addressed the alunmi of Johns Hopkins University at their 

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264 The Technology Review 

annual dinner in Baltimore on February 22. On February 14 he 
spoke on Abraham Lincoln at the one hundredth commemorative 
services at the Boston Young Men's Christian Union and on Sav- 
ings Bank Insurance and Old Age Pensions at Wellesley Col- 
lege on March 5. The Popular Science Montblyy March, 1909, 
contains an article by Munroe, entided ''The American Public 

Prof. H. W. Tyler, Sec.^ Mass. Inst, of Tech., Boston, Mass. 

The annual dinner was held at the Technology Club, February 19 
with the following ten members present: Gill, Hammett, Doane, 
French, Dearborn, PuflFer, Appleton, Bardwell, Cobum, Tyler. 
Interesting letters were received from several of the absentees, and 
announcements were made by the committee on the twenty-fifth 
anniversary book. The class expects to have a large gathering at 
the June reunion, and another dinner of local members in the 
meantime. The publication of the book will follow as soon as pos- 
sible after the Reunion in June, and will include an account of the 
latter. — Puffer declined to continue service as secretary, and Tyler 
was elected. — ^Luther is believed to be the first member of the class 
to have a son in the instructing staff. — '84 has now three members 
on the Corporation: Rotch, duPont and T. W. Robinson, besides 
at least a half interest in Newell, whose term has just expired. 

Isaac W. LrrcHFiELD, Sec.^ 88 Broad Street, Boston, Mass. 

At the alumni dinner in January '85 had a larger quota of men 
present than any of the classes at the neighboring tables. Those 
present were: Hayes, Eaton, Brown, Talbot, Merrill, Dewson, Bart- 
lett, Jim Kimball, Morss, Litde, Richards, Pierce and Litchfield. 
The dinner was a lively one throughout, and '85 did not lose any 
tricks. The annual dinner will be held at the University Club, 
Saturday evening, April 10, at seven o'clock. The reception committee 
will be on hand about six o'clock as usual. At this dinner, arrange- 
ments will be made for the reunion in June and for our twenty-fifth 
anniversary, which comes next year. The election of C. R. Rich- 
ards as a term member of the Corporation is a source of great sat- 
isfaction to '85. We now have two classmates on the Corporation, 
Morss and Richards, and one, Fred Newell, has just retired, his 

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News from the Classes 265 

tenn of office having expired. — ^At the meeting of the American Asso- 
ciation for the Advancement of Science, which was held in Balti- 
more last December, two '85 men, chairmen of divisions, presented 
papers. An address on ''Science Teaching as a Career" was pre- 
sented by Henry Talbot as a retiring chairman of Section C, and the 
other, on "The Unrilled Field of Chemistry," was presented by Arthur 
D. Little, chairman of division of industrial chemists and industrial 
engineers of the American Chemical Society. — ^A recent number 
of the Transcript made mention of the incorporation of the Rhode 
Island Coal Company, with Henry M. Whitney as president, for the 
purpose of mining die anthracite coal that is found in Narragan- 
sett Bay. Attempts to utilize this coal heretofore have failed, 
because it lacks a certain amount of volatile matter. The paper 
states, however, that Henry Williams, who is an expert in coal, has 
solved the problem of making it commercially valuable by applying 
a cheap chemical solution, making the efficiency equal to high- 
grade Pennsylvania anthracite. — Dan Lufkin, who has for many 
years been manager of the Snow Steam Pump Company of BuflFalo, 
has severed his connection there, and is now developing a natural 
gas proposition for The Texas Company of Fort Worth, Tex. On 
leaving Buffalo, he was tendered a farewell banquet by about a 
hundred citizens, on which occasion he was presented with "The 
Life of E. C. Lufkin, by John D. Rockefeller," which is largely 
reproduced in the columns of the Buffalo Evening News^ and which 
throws a new light on the career of our classmate. Selections from 
this biography will be read at the class dinner next month. — Eaton 
came a long way to attend the alumni dinner. His headquarters 
are at Baltimore, where he has a contract to dredge a 35-foot channel 
in Baltimore Harbor. He also has an ]!8oo,ooo contract with the 
government to dredge a channel in San Juan Harbor, Porto Rico. 
— ^The secretary has recently heard from J. F. Davenport, who makes 
a peep from Fall River, Mass., where he is in business under the 
^m name of Gage & Davenport. We hope to see him at our 
class dinner next month. — During the winter Newell had a very 
pleasant experience in the Hawaiian Islands, which he visited in 
the interests of the Reclamation Bureau. The Tech men there, 
of whom there are a number, gave him a delightful dinner at the 
University Club. — Bates' address is P.O. Box 118, Hoboken, N.J. 
He is now with the New York Central & Hudson River Railroad 
Company. He says that he hopes to come on to Boston before long, 
probably to the class dinner. — The Transcript recently described at 
length the electrical devices of the Charles River dam lock, and 
said, "Upon Electrical Engineer Arthur I. Plaisted, who has super- 
vised the installation of the plant, rests the credit for the results." 

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266 The Technology Review 

Edward G. Thomas, Sec.y 157 Congress Street, Brooklyn, N.Y. 

'87's annual dinner occurred at Young's Hotel on the evening of 
February 20, and was attended by Cameron, Cobum, Lane, Taintor, 
Bryant, Fred Thompson, Stewart, Hathaway, H. W. Kimball, 
Wakefield, Crosby, Hussey, H. S. Adams, Very, H. H. Brainerd, 
Fish, Spaulding, Sever, Tripp and £. G. Thomas, and we enjoyed 
for a time the company of Russell of '68. For the ensuing year the 
officers chosen were: president, B. C. Lane; vice-presidents, George 
Sever and F. M. Wakefield. A committee was appointed to care for 
'87's interests at the second Tech reunion, and various routine busi- 
ness disposed of. A telegram of good cheer was sent the North- 
western Association, over whose dinner in Chicago Shortall was 
presiding while we dined in Boston, and the good wishes of the 
Chicago men were promptly returned. Taintor inveigled us into 
a scheme for ascertaining the average income of the men present, 
and stated as a result of his computations that the men present were 
averaging 115,924 per year each. Some of us conclude that he is 
not good at figures. Fish was on board the steamer ^'Republic" 
at the time she was cut down by the '* Florida,*' and was induced to 
tell us of his experience, which was most interesting. He was on 
his way to the Azores to meet his family on their way back from 
Europe. Stewart has not been with us for a long time, and we were 
glad to have him report that his health has been restored by his 
life in the south and that he had returned for good to his home in 
Charlestown. — Winthrop Cole is now connected with the Engineer- 
ing Experiment Station of the United States Naval Academy at 
Annapolis, Md. — Draper is at present in Europe. The newspapers 
recently noted that he had acquired the rights in all parts of the 
United States, except Rhode Island, to use a process for increasing 
the calorific value of coal by adding chemicals. The rights for 
Rhode Island are owned by H. M. Whitney, who proposes to re- 
develop the disused anthracite mines of that state by the use of this 
process. — ^Hobart is building a new factory for the Triumph Elec- 
tric and Ice Machine Company, to provide for the steadily increasing 
demand for his machinery. At present the plant is running at 
night to get out ice machines contracted for delivery previous to 
the summer months, and Hobart makes no complaint of hard times. 
— ^A. R. Nickels is now located at Dee, Ore. — ^H. W. Kimball is 
superintendent of the plant of the J. E. Keelum Company at Middle- 
town, Conn. — Walter S. Moody is at present chief engineer of the 

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News from the Classes 267 

transformer department of the General Electric Company, with 
headquarters at Pittsfield, Mass. 

William G. Snow, Sec.y 1 108 Penn Mutual Building, Boston, Mass. 

Edwin S. Webster was elected president of the Alumni Asso- 
ciation. At the alumni dinner Webster, Sawyer, Shaw, Keough, 
Robb, Bradlee, Underbill and Snow were present. The following 
items relating to '88 men appeared in the Boston Transcript: — 

Louis A. Ferguson ('88), is the first graduate of the Electrical Engineering 
Department of the Insdtute to become the president of the American In- 
sdtute of Electrical Engineers, the most distinguished o£Bce that the pro- 
fessional engineers of this country can confer upon each other. Mr. Fer- 
guson is vice-president of the Chicago Edison Company, and is recognized 
as one of the accomplished central station engineers and managers in the 
country. He has held many high offices during his career, among them 
being the presidency of the National Electric Light Association. Mr. Fer- 
guson recently gave a very interesting talk to the members of the Electrical 
Engineering Society at the Institute on the occasion of their first formal 
dinner of the year. 

The Stone 8c Webster Corporation has been appointed to the important 
position of straightening out the entanglement of the Interborough-Metro- 
politan Street Railway System in New York city. The Stone & Webster 
Corporation is composed of Charles A. Stone, Edwin S. Webster and Rus- 
sell Robb, all of '88, and Henry G. Bradlee, of '91. The extreme complex- 
ity of the street railway problem in New York city and its reference to the 
Stone 8c Webster Corporation for solution is one of the hi^est compliments 
which has been paid to its members, and the institution from which they 

— B. R. T. Collins spent a few weeks in Boston this winter, return- 
ing to Texas, where he has been located since last April in connec- 
tion with Stone & Webster properties. — ^William G. Snow has been 
elected president of the American Society of Heating and Venti- 
lating Engineers. — ^The President invited the following engineers 
to accompany President-elect Taft on his trip to Panama: Arthur P. 
Davis, chief engineer of the Reclamation Service, Washington, D.C.; 
John R. Freeman, Providence, R.L; Allen Hazen, New York city; 
Isham Randolph, Chicago; James Dix Schuyler, Los Angeles, Cal.; 
Frederic P. Steams, Boston. The Boston Evening Transcript says 
of Hazen : — 

Allen Hazen was bom in Hartford, Vt., Aug. 28, 1869, and was educated 

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268 The Technology Review 

in that town, and was graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology. He began his professional career at Lawrence, Mass., where from 
1888 to 1893 he was in charge of the State Board of Health Experiment 
Station. He was in charge of the sewage disposal at the World's G>Ium- 
bian Exposition in Chicago in 1893, and practised his profession privately 
in Boston from 1894 to 1897. In the latter year he went to New York, 
and was chief engineer of the Albany Water Filtration plant, which was 
built in 1898-99. He is a member of the American Society of Civil Engi- 
neers, Boston Society of Civil Engineers, American Water Works Associa- 
tion, New England Water Works Association, American Chemical Society, 
American Public Health Association, and other similar organizations. He 
is the author of "The Filtration of Public Water Supplies," which was pub- 
lished in 1895, and has written a large number of articles on water supply 
and sewage disposal. His residence now is New York city. 

— Harold Binney has formed a co-partnership with Seabury Cone 
M astick and Herbert Gouvemeur Ogden for the practice of patent, 
trademark, copyright and coq>oration law, under the firm name 
of Binney, Mastick & Ogden, with offices at No. 2 Rector Street, 
New York. — ^The Boston Herald of January i states: — 

The combination of all gas and electric companies in the Blackstone Val- 
ley, including those of the cities of Pawtucket and Providence, for which 
purpose the Blackstone Gas and Electric Company was incorporated last 
year, was formally effected when Stone & Webster, of Boston, filed at city 
hall in Pawtucket a collateral trust bond of ^5,000,000 to the Slater Company, 
trustees, to cover the bondholders of the company. The new company is 
the holding corporation of the Pawtucket Gas Company, Pawtucket Elec- 
tric Company, the Woonsocket Gas Company and the Woonsocket Electric 
Machine and Power Company. 

— The secretary wishes to remind those who have not done so to 
send in data, etc., for the second decennial class record. 

Prof. W. E. Mott, Sec.^ Mass. Inst, of Tech., Boston, Mass. 

The twentieth annual dinner and meeting of the class was held 
at the University Club, Boston, on the evening of February I. The 
following members of the class were present: R. N. Cutter, E. V. 
French, Hollis French, F. S. Hollis, H. Howard, H. H. Hunt, W. S. 
Johnson, W. H. Kilham, L. H. Kunhardt, F. A. Laws, W. W. 
Lewis, J. W. Linzee, H. Loring, Jr., W. E. Mott, E. E. Peirce, 
F. S. Pierce, F. H. Thorp, W. W. Underbill, G. C. Wales, A. L. 
Williston. In the absence of the class president, W. B. Thurber, 

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News from the Classes 269 

who was ill as the result of a serious fall, HoUis French presided at 
the business meeting. Announcement was made of the election 
of W. H. Kilham as class representative on the newly organized 
Council of the Alumni Association. Several committees were 
appointed, and plans for the reunion in June next were informally 
discussed. It has been suggested that we hold our annual dinner 
in New York city occasionally, and Messrs. F. S. Pierce and A. L. 
Williston were made a committee to report on the matter next June. 
The good attendance and the "get-together" attitude of the fel- 
lows would seem to indicate that the members of the class were be- 
ginning to appreciate the desirability of renewing old friendships, 
and give promise of a large attendance at our twentieth reunion 
in June next. — W. H. Kilham has another daughter, bom a few weeks 
since. In the Sunday Herald of February 28 Kilham forecasts 
the city of the future, with its terraced towers, aerial sidewalks, and 
twenrieth-story foot-bridges over the streets, his prediction for the 
"City Beaudfur' of the future. His firm has been retained to 
carry out the development of the State Industrial School for Boys 
at Shirley. — Montgomery Rollins is busily engaged upon a new 
book to be published by G. Routledge & Sons, London, endtled 
"Convertible Securities. " He is also lecturing at Dartmouth Col- 
lege on practical banking. 

Prof. William A. Johnston, Sec.y Mass. Inst, of Tech., Boston. 

H. S. Webb gave a lecture on Wireless Telegraphy and Tele- 
phony before the Engineers' Club of Central Pennsylvania at Har- 
risburg, Pa., Tuesday, Jan. 26, 1909. The following clipping was 
taken from the Birmingham Her aid ^ Jan. 31, 1909: — 

''In Mr. Edward C. Wells, who has assumed the duties of general super- 
intendent for the Hardie-Tynes Manufacturing Company, the industrial 
and social forces of this city have received an acquisition," said a well- 
known man last night. "Mr. Wells is a college man and a graduate of the 
Boston School of Technology. His technical education has been secured 
by much practical experience in large shops in the east and north, which 
build Corliss engines and specialize in the construction of machinery of the 
heavier class. He has already demonstrated his ability and made a number 
of friends." 

— The following clipping was taken from the Engineering Record 
of Feb. 13, 1909: — 

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270 The Technology Review 

Mr. D. S. Hawkins, consulting mechanical, electrical and foundry engi- 
neer, with o£Bce8 in the Rose Building, Oeveland, Ohio, is making a 
specialty of the legal phase of engineering, with particular reference to co- 
operating with attorneys where expert engineering is required in the prep- 
aration and prosecution of a case. Mr. Hawkins is a past student of Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology, and during the past fifteen years has 
been employed as draughtsman, designer, estimator, engineer and repre- 
sentative of a number of large engineering corporations, including the Gen- 
eral Electric Company, the Pennsylvania Railroad, F. H. Richards, patent 
attorney. New York city, the Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing 
Company and the J. D. Smith Foundry Supply Company. 

— ^The following men were at the alumni dinner: Atwood, Chase, 
Dudley, Francis, Fuller, Hutchinson, Ingraham, Johnston, Metcalf, 
Nutter, Bowen, Carlson, Hall, Park, Wallace. 

Frederic H. Fay, Secy 60 City Hall, Boston, Mass. 

The class may well be proud of the honor that has come to one 
of our members, Charles M. SpofFord, who has been appointed to 
succeed Professor Swain as the Hayward Professor of Civil Engi- 
neering at the Institute. The honor of Spoffbrd's selection appears 
even greater to the Tech men who know the exceptionally high 
quality of instruction in structural engineering given by Professor 
Swain and what it means for one to be selected to carry on the work 
of so eminent a teacher. It is probably true that in no other tech- 
nical school in the country is to be found a more thorough course 
in structural engineering than that offered by the Institute. Pro- 
fessor Spoffbrd, by reason of his ability and his training at Tech- 
nology, both as an undergraduate and as a graduate student, sup- 
plemented by a broad experience in active practice and by teach- 
ing experience at the Institute and elsewhere, is probably as well 
fitted as any man in the country to take charge of our work in struct- 
ural engineering. A detailed account of Spoffbrd's achievements 
is to be found in an article in this number, and will not be repeated 
here. It is sufficient to say that throughout his experience as an 
engineer he has made good in all that he has undertaken. As a 
teacher, he has met with noteworthy success, especially in his work 
at the Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute, where in his four years' stay 
he has brought his department of civil engine^ng to a plane of 
high standing and efficiency. In his work with Mr. C. W. Hudson 

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News from the Classes 271 

last summer in the investigation of the strength of BlackweU's 
Island Bridge, New York (the second largest and heaviest bridge 
in the world), Spoffbrd not only gained experience which comes to 
but few engineers, but he showed his ability to successfully handle 
work of large magnitude. On the side of active practice Professor 
Spoffbrd's experience is considerably greater than that of most engi- 
neers engaged in teaching; and the combination of practical expe- 
rience, thorough theoretical training and sound common sense 
contributes in no small degree to Spoffbrd's success as a teacher. 
Spoffbrd has taken an active interest in class affairs both as a stu- 
dent and during his subsequent residence in Boston. He was 
assistant secretary of the class from 1898 to 1905, and did much 
efficient work in various class matters, notably in the preparation 
of the decennial catalogue. During this time he took an active 
interest also in the work of the Association of Class Secretaries, and 
devised and put into operation a plan by which, with the Institute's 
co-operation, the nucleus of the graduate organization of each class 
is begun in the freshman year by the preparation of a card catalogue 
of all members, which is corrected year by year, and turned over 
to the graduate secretary when the class leaves the Institute. As a 
member of the Income Fund Committee organized in 1904, Spof- 
ford has assisted in raising among the alunmi a fund of over one- 
quarter of a million dollars, contributed towards the present current 
expenses of the Institute. In these and many other ways Spoffbrd 
has shown his deep interest in all that pertains to the Institute's 
welfare, and, besides obtaining a teacher fully competent to main- 
tain the high standards in teaching set by Professor Swain, the Insti- 
tute gains also by the return to her Faculty of one of her most loyal 
sons. — Edward Gardner Pease, who was one of the popular members 
of the class in our student days, had scarcely been heard from since 
he left the Institute until very recently. He is in business in Dayton, 
Ohio, under the firm name of the Buckeye Iron and Brass Works, 
and is engaged in the manufacture of cotton and linseed oil machin- 
ery, tobacco-cutdng machines and a full line of brass goods for engine 
builders and steam fitters. During the Spanish-American War 
he served in the First Ohio Cavalry. In public affairs he has served 
three years in the city council at Dayton, and is at present a member 
of the Ohio Commission for the Blind and chairman of the play- 
ground committee of the Vacation School Association. In re- 
sponse to a request for a short personal history he writes: — 

The only thing that would be of any interest is a trip I took to Russia 
in 1902. In that year two representatives of the Ministry of Appanages, 
which has charge of all of the estates of the czar and all of the royal family 

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272 The Technology Review 

of Russia, came to this country to purchase the machinery for a complete 
cottonseed oO mill. Our firm secured the order, and in December, 1902, 
with one of our best mechanics I left for Russia. This mill was erected 
at a place called Bairam Ali in Russian Turkestan. This village is on the 
ruins of the ancient city of Merv, and is in one of the most interesting coun- 
tries on the globe. Being so very far away, not many travellers are attracted 
there, but die ruins through the country, at Samarkand, Bokhara, Menr 
and many other places are among the most wonderful in the world. I 
have a collection of photographs which I took over there that I believe is 
the best in existence anywhere. I saw quite a lot of Russia, spending three 
weeks in Moscow, two weeks in St. Petersburg, a few weeks in the Caucasus 
Mountains, and rode over the celebrated mountain pass from Vladikaukaz 
to Tiflis. Have crossed the Caspian Sea six times and been as far east as 
Tashkend. I left Russia the last day of August, 1903, and we built, way 
down in the heart of Asia, the finest cottonseed oU mill in the world. I 
have a gold watch and chain and a diploma given me by the czar for having 
erected the mill on his private esutes. 

— ^Notable among the weddings of the Lenten season in Boston was 
that of Miss Edith Sherman, daughter of Mrs. William H. Sher- 
man, and Henry Adams Morss. The ceremony took place 
on Wednesday afternoon, March 10, at the home of the bride's 
mother, 463 Commonwealth Avenue, and was performed by Rev. 
George A. Gordon, D.D., pastor of the Old South Church. The 
house was decorated with a profusion of flowers, and a deep bay- 
window in the drawing-room was transformed with greenery and 
white roses into a bower, where the bridal couple stood. The bride 
was unattended, and was given away in marriage by her mother. 
Harry H. Walker served as best man, and for the reception which 
followed the ceremony the ushers were John Wells Morss, Henry 
Hildreth, Samuel B. Gloss and Samuel Braman (M. I. T. '93), of 
Philadelphia. Mr. knd Mrs. Morss sailed from San Francisco 
about the first of April to spend their honeymoon in Japan. — Percy 
H. Thomas presented a paper before the Engineers' School, United 
States Army, at Washington, D.C., in February, upon the subject 
of "Hydro-electric Developments and High Tension Practice." 
This paper will be published in "Professional Memoirs," a govern- 
ment publicadon, in the near future. He also addressed the Wash- 
ington branch of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers on 
**The History and Development of Mercury Vapor Apparatus." — 
William G. Houck, of Buffalo, is president for the ensuing year of 
the Engineers' Society of western New York. — James A. Emery, 
formerly vice-president and general manager of the Birmingham 
(Ala.) Railway Light and Power Company, has been since August, 
1908, with Ford, Bacon & Davis, 115 Broadway, New York city, 

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News from the Classes 273 

in charge of their report work on street railways, electric light plants, 
etc. From August until January last he was at Toledo, Ohio, 
reporting upon railway and electric systems there. — ^William W. 
Peabody is now assistant engineer with the New York city Board 
of Water Supply, and located at White Plains, N.Y. He is one 
of the members who have not been heard from for many years. 
Upon leaving the Institute in 1891, he served for four years as in- 
spector of sewers and street construcrion at Newton, Mass., and 
a year in a similar capacity at Brockton. In 1896-97 he was resi- 
ident engineer with the Massachusetts Highway Commission, in 
charge of the building of a highway at Tyngsboro. After a few 
months' service as engineering inspector with the Metropolitan 
Water Board of Boston on the construction of the Wachusett Aque- 
duct, he entered the service of the Proprietors of Locks and Canab, 
Lowell, Mass., in January, 1898, where he was engaged on engineer- 
ing work for five years. In 1903 he was principal assistant engineer 
of the Commission on Additional Water Supply of New York city, 
and in 1904 was assistant engineer with the New York state engi- 
neer in charge of state road construction. After a year and one- 
half as assistant engineer in the topographical borough. Borough of 
Queens, New York city, he entered the service of die Board of 
Water Supply in April, 1906, where he is at present in charge of 
the department office of the southern aqueduct department at White 
Plains. — James S. Wadsworth is at present a student at the Massa- 
chusetts College of Osteopathy, Cambridge, Mass. For about a 
year and a half after leaving the Institute he was with the General 
Electric Company at Lynn and Schenectady. In 1893 he entered 
the service of the New England Telephone and Telegraph Company, 
where he remained fifteen years in various capacities, as inspector, 
special inspector, chief clerk of the general superintendent's office 
at Lowell, manager of the Manchester (N.H.) exchange, travelling 
foreman on switchboard construction and electrician in the engi- 
neering department. Wadsworth is married, and lives at 187 
Highland Avenue, Sonerville, Mass. — George Benton Smith en- 
tered the ministry of the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1907, and 
is settled at present at Yalesville, Conn. After leaving the Insti- 
tute, he entered Wesleyan University, Middletown, Conn., in 1891, 
graduating in 1895. During the two subsequent years he was 
state college secretary of the Y. M. C. A. of Illinois; and in 1897, 
after his marriage to Miss Bertha S. Dates, he went to Madras, 
India, where he served as general secretary of the Y. M. C. A. there 
until his return to the United States in 1904. — Myron H. Hunt was 
elected a fellow of the American Institute of Architects at the annual 

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274 The Technology Review 

meeting held in Washington, Dec. 17, 1908. Technology is well 
represented among the officers of American Institute of Architects, 
Cass Gilbert ('80), being president and four other Technology men 
being numbered among the fellows of that Institute. — Miss Clara A. 
Bliss has been professor of chemistry at Wells College at Aurora, 
N.Y., since 1894. — ^A. F. Bemis has recently been made president 
of the Bemis Brother Bag Company, located at 89 State Street, 
Boston, Mass. — Burt L. Fenner is a member of the firm of McKim, 
Mead & White, architects, 160 5th Avenue, New York, N.Y. He 
has been with this firm continuously since leaving the Institute in 
1891, and was admitted to partnership Jan. i, 1906. Fenner is 
married, and lives at 304 West 82d Street, New York. — Richard E. 
Meserve is following the profession of irrigation engineer, and is 
located at 535 Main Street, Grand Junction, Col. He writes: — 

After leaving Tech, I came west to grow up, and found architecture un- 
suited to the state of civilization in these parts. I then worked into the 
two staples of the earth, land and water, and since the national recognition 
of this great western problem — irrigation — I have found my calling. 

I have been engaged for several months on an irrigation project under 
the "Carey Act," for which Congress has within the past few days passed 
an act opening this former Ute Indian reservation to the provisions of that 
act. Great is Roosevelt 1 May his shadow increase! 

— At the annual dinner of the Alumni Association, January 14, 
twenty-five members of the class were present, as follows: J. C. 
Abbot, Barnes, Baxter, Bemis, E. B. Carney, Crosby, Darrow, 
Dawes, C. B. Davis, Densmore, Edwards, Fabyan, Fay, W. S. 
Forbes, Glidden, Keith, Keyes, Latham, Morss, Parks, Phinney, 
F. D. Smith, Soley, Taintor, J. F. White. On the day following 
the alumni dinner an enjoyable luncheon was held at the Boston 
City Club, with nineteen men in attendance. Suitable gifts were 
presented to Henry Morss and J. B. Baxter, whose engagements 
had been announced at the dinner the night before. Those present 
at the luncheon were: J. C. Abbot, Baxter^ Bemis, Bremer, E. B. 
Carney, Dawes, Darrow, Fay, Glidden, Keith, Keyes, Morss, Parks, 
Phinney, E. S. Page, Pickert, Soley, Taintor and Wingate. 

Prof. S. C. Prescott, Sec.y Mass. Inst, of Tech., Boston, Mass. 

Phelan has just recovered from an attack of scarlet fever which 
kept him away from his work at the Institute for several weeks. 

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News from the Classes 275 

Fortunately there were no bad after-eflFects, and he is now looking 
in first-rate condition again. In addition to the congratulations on 
his speedy recovery, he and Mrs. Phelan are receiving congratu- 
lations on the birth of a son, Robert, on January i. — McKibben 
visited the Institute for a short time early in February. As head 
of the Department of Civil Engineering at Lehigh, he is making 
a very successful record. — H. R. Batcheller is also one of the '94 
men who get back to Boston from time to time to use the libraries 
and laboratories in professional investigations. ''Batch" has re- 
cently been in the city for a few weeks on this and other business 
matters. — ^The class was well represented at the alumni dinner, 
about sixteen of its members being present to greet the new Presi- 
dent. As the secretary was at that time on the way to Florida, 
he did not attend, although it was with sincere regret that such an 
important and interesting occasion was necessarily missed. The 
secretary can recommend cruising among the Florida Keys to any 
who are fortunate enough to be able to get away in midwinter for 
a few weeks of rest. He spent about two weeks in this way with 
Mr. and Mrs. W. L. Underwood. Mr. Underwood is well known 
as a naturalist and photographer of wild life, therefore an experience 
of this sort is a chance of a lifetime. Taking a small cruising boat 
at Miami, we visited the various fishing grounds, keys and inlets, 
had an opportunity to see the construction of the Key West exten- 
sion of the East Coast Railway, explored the region around Cape 
Sable, and entered some of the many brackish lakes where water- 
fowl congregate in immense flocks. Following up the west coast 
to the Ten Thousand Islands, we saw the first attempts to utilize 
the mangrove, both black and red, which in that region attains a 
considerable size. The wood is very hard, heavier than lignum- 
vitae, and is finding some use in cabinet work and as a fine flooring 
and finish wood. At the mill, where operations are just beginning, 
we were told that the supply was good for probably fifty years. 
Not the least interesting feature of the trip was a visit to the Ever- 
glades and a chance to see the work now being carried on in reclaim- 
ing those vast watery plains. Ex-Governor Broward, whom we met 
at Fort Lauderdale, and who is the father of the plan for reclamation, 
told us that it is probable that about three million acres of land 
of exceptional fertility can be recovered in this way. The project 
is certainly of great interest. — H. S. Reynolds is with the Ludlow 
Manufacturing Company of Ludlow, Mass. — ^There was a small 
gathering of '94 men at the Technology Club on Saturday evening, 
March 20, to consider plans for June. Another will be held on 
Friday, April 9. All the fellows should plan to be on hand for the 

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276 The Technology Review 

Charles H. Parker, Sec.^ 39 Boylston Street, Boston, Mass. 

Captain Azel Ames has resigned his position as signal engineer 
electric zone. New York Central & Hudson River, and is connected 
with the Kerite Insulated Wire and Cable Company, New York. 
His office is 30 Church Street, New York city. The following par- 
agraph, taken from an account of him in the Railroad Age Gazette 
of Dec. II, 1908, is truly illustrative of him. 

He is a member of the American Railway Engineering and Maintenance 
of Way As80ciadon and the Railway Signal Associadon, the Transporta- 
tion Club and the Army and Navy Club of New York and the Army and 
Navy Qub of Washington. He is also second lieutenant, Coast Artillery 
Corps, National Guard of New York. It is not saying too much to mention 
that Captain Ames has the essenrials, thoroughness and an unimpeachable 
character. Combined with these qualities, his restless energy should be 
of great value in his new work. 

— A small dinner of '95 men was held at the Tech Club, Boston, 
on Jan. 18, 1909, to discuss plans for the All-Technology Reunion 
in June. President F. T, Miller was in the chair; following men 
present: W. S. Chase, E. H. Clapp, J. Williamson Cooke, W. E. 
Davis, Jr., E. L. Hurd, H. D. Jackson, J. L. Newell, C. H. Parker, 
W. D. Parker, G. A. Rockwell, E. A. Tucker, R. J. Williams, 
W. H. Winkley. Newell, Rockwell, Hurd and Clapp were appointed 
a committee to plan an outing for June 5 and 6, the Saturday and 
Sunday previous to the All-Technology Reunion. The idea is to 
leave Friday, June 4, for some seaside resort which is not too public, 
where we can have boating, fishing, swimming, tennis, golf, base- 
ball, etc. Committees on attendance have been appointed from 
each course to drum up all the delinquents who can -come, but 
wouldn 't unless urged sufficiently. — Sias and George Sheppard were 
appointed a committee on stunts at Nantasket, on auto trip, at Pop 
Concert, etc. "Nuf sed." — The following changes of address have 
been received: John Winfield Cooke, Klamath Falls, Ore. — ^W. A. 
Drake, The Bourse, Philadelphia, Pa. — George E. Howe, Wauseon, 
Ohio. — Gerard H. Matthes, care of Central Colorado Power Com- 
pany, Denver, Col. — Walter C. Powers, Long Hill, Springfield, 

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News from the Classes 277 

Prof. Charles E. Locke, Secy Mass. Inst, of Tech., Boston, Mass. 

Mr. Willard H. Colman has sent a copy of his pamphlet upon 
the chiropractic, a new science which was discovered by Dr. D. D. 
Pahner about thirteen years ago. It has been found that many 
organic aflFecdons are due to displaced vertebrae of the spinal colunm, 
which cause pressure upon the nerves. The chiropractic practi- 
tioner undertakes to restore such displaced vertebrae to their nor- 
mal position. Mr. Colman is now acting as a chiropractor at 
13 19 State Street, La Crosse, Wis., and the pamphlet reads very 
interestingly. — Ben Hurd has followed the lead of Rockwell, and 
has donated a cup to be competed for annually at the spring class 
meet in the 120-yard high hurdle event. This cup is to be held 
permanently by its winner, and a new cup will be supplied each 
year. — John Manahan at last accounts was up at Milan, near Berlin, 
N.H., looking after the power end of the installation of a concen- 
trating mill on an old pyrite mine located at that place. — Butler 
Ames is still figuring prominently at Washington. He was strongly 
interested in pushing the bill for Appalachian Forest Reserves which 
went down to defeat during the last days of Congress. He is active 
in the pursuit of his experiments upon aerial navigation. — Morti- 
mer A. Sears has gone to Denver, Col., to take the position of in- 
spector in the Land Department. For many years the Land Depart- 
ment has not investigated fully the land which had been taken up 
under the various acts of Congress, but now such land is carefully 
investigated before it is sold, to determine whether it is mineral 
land, homestead land, coal land, desert land, etc. To determine 
these points satisfactorily, they have come to employ technically 
trained men, and Sears thus comes to be a special agent with the dtle 
of mineral inspector. His district covers the state of Colorado and 
parts of Nevada. — George E. Stratton was in town about February 
I, looking up his old friends. He is now with the United States 
Reclamation Service, with address at Washington. — ^The Class of 
'96 turned out in good shape at the annual alunmi dinner at Hor- 
ticultural Hall in January. The following were present: Pingree, 
Conant, Daniels, Hersey, Sanderson, Tucker, Lythgoe, Hopkins, 
Defren, Hayward, W. Hedge, Locke, Harkness, Hurd, Rockwell, 
H. W. Brown, Maclachlan, Lockwood, Root. Hurd came on 
from New York, Root from Pittsfield, Pingree from Providence, 
Tucker from Lynn. The others were all located close by. All 
agreed that we contributed our share of noise. — On December 30 

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278 The Technology Review 

last at Granville, N.Y., occurred the marriage of Dr. William D. 
Coolidge, professor of chemistry of the research laboratory of the 
General Electric Company and assistant director in the laboratory, 
to Miss Ethel Westcott Woodard, eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
D. D. Woodard, of Granville. The bride studied in Germany at 
the Kadelbach Seminary and University of Berlin for three years. 
After her return she taught German in the Granville High School, 
and for the past three years has been teacher of moderh languages 
in the Schenectady High School. The wedding was a family one, 
and after the dinner Dr. and Mrs. Coolidge left immediately on their 
wedding trip. — ^J. E. Woodwell, of the firm of L. B. Marks and 
J. E. Woodwell, New York city, has been retained by Messrs. 
McKim, Mead & White, architects, as consulting engineer for the 
entire mechanical and electrical equipment, including the hearing 
and ventilation, electric lighting and power, mail handling devices, 
etc., of the new United States post-office to be erected at the Penn- 
sylvania Terminal Station in New York city. The cost of this 
installation will be upwards of 1(500,000. — The address of Dr. J. 
Arnold Rockwell, president of the Boston Homoeopathic Society, at 
the annual meeting in Jacob Sleeper Hall early in January, consid- 
ered Hahnemann's Organon in the Light of Recent Scientific 
Discoveries and Current Medical Practice. After explaining the 
principles of homoeopathy. Dr. Rockwell took up the experiments of 
Professor J. C. Bose, of Calcutta University, India, who had shown 
that the principles of homoeopathy are verified in every detail in 
plant life. Dr. Rockwell made a strong plea for a thorough test 
of the homoeopathic principle of medicine in comparison with the 
allopathic, and proposed that the test be made side by side upon 
selected patients from the Boston Floating Hospital. His plan pro- 
posed that a number of the little patients, of the same general condi- 
tion as far as possible, be divided into three groups, one of which 
would be given expectant treatment, the second allopathic treatment, 
and the third homoeopathic treatment. Dn Rockwell's address was 
well received, and his proposition was felt to be worthy of meri- 
torious consideration. — Senator E. C. Hultman, of Quincy, has 
found the demands of public life so exacting that he is living in 
Boston this winter at Hemenway Chambers. Senator Hultman 
went into the fight as a champion of purity in politics, and won 
out only after a hard struggle. He is putting every minute of his 
time upon his duties as a legislator. He is chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Public Lighting and a member of the Committees on Water 
Front and Taxation. The Committee on Water Front is a specially 
important one at the present time, because it has to do with the 

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News from the Classes 279 

development of the shore line of Massachusetts. Senator Hult- 
man recently gave a talk in Quincy upon the duties of a legislator, 
and explained the multitude of demands that come for a man who 
is in public life. — ^E. S. Mansfield made a trip to Washington over 
the inauguration, combining business and pleasure. He was able 
to see some of the Tech men while there. — ^The announcement was 
made of the engagement of Miss Laura Toppan, of Cambridge, to 
Ben Hurd,*of New York city. — Bradley Stoughton has been spend- 
ing a few days in Boston and Cambridge. He delivered an address 
before the New En^and Foundrymen's Association. He has severed 
his connection with Columbia University and with Professor Howe, 
and is at present acting as consulting metallurgical engineer, with 
offices in New York city, Philadelphia and Pittsburg. 

John Arthur Collins, Sec.y 67 Thomdyke Street, Lawrence, Mass. 

The engagement is announced of Miss Mai|on Walsh, of Newport, 
R.L, to Earl Potter Mason, of the Newport Engineering Works. 
They will be married at Easter. — ^The secretary has just heard for 
the first time since the class graduated from one of the members 
who was with us in the first years of the course. Louis F. BuflF 
left the Institute to go with the New York, New Haven & Hart- 
ford Railroad as an assistant engineer in connection with the ele- 
,vation of the tracks on the Providence division. After three years, 
he spent three additional ones at the Lawrence Scientific School. 
In 1899 he went into business with the firm of Buff & Buff Manu- 
facturing Company, of Jamaica Plain, makers of precision survey- 
ing instruments. This company now have a weekly output of 
twenty instruments, and Mr. Buff is secretary and assistant man- 
ager. He was married in 1907 to Miss L. S. Frost. They have 
one child, Laura Edith, bom September, 1908. — Proctor L. Dough- 
erty (VI.), has been made inspector of electric light plants vice 
J. E. Woodwell C96), and has charge of all electric plants in the 
United States that are under the control of the Treasury Depart- 
ment. — Walter E. Spear (XI.), is now chief engineer of the depart- 
ment of water supply. Borough of Brooklyn, having assumed the 
position on January i of this y^ar. For the previous three years 
he had been in charge of the Long Island work of the board of 
water supply. — James M. Brown (IL), formerly with the Casey- 
Hedges Company of Chattanooga, Tenn., is now superintendent 

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28o The Technology Review 

of the Lyons Boiler Works of De Pere, Wis. They are the makers 
of a new patented boiler, which. Brown says, is to be much talked of 
in the near future. — ^The secretary sent out a call to all '97 men in 
the neighborhood of Boston to meet at the Technology Club on 
Tuesday evening, February 23, to talk over the plans for the com- 
ing reunion. A few men, Bradlee, Carty, Hopkins, Breed, Worcester, 
Cowles, Humphreys and Fuller, appeared. The majority seemed 
to favor an informal dinner on Monday evening previous to the 
smoker at one of the foreign restaurants down town; then on Tues- 
day, with the ladies, meet as a class at the dinner down at Bass 
Point. We would have all the afternoon before us then, and a 
jolly reunion could be had. After more definite arrangements are 
made by the General Reunion Committee, a special circular will be 
sent out, detailing any further plans that may have been made. — 
In the Textile Manufacturers' Journal for January, 1909, there is 
an article by Fames (VI.), on the ''FflFect of Textile Schools on 
Textiles.'* Mr. Fames is principal of the Lowell Textile School, 
and the article lists the positions held by nearly two hundred of 
the graduates of this school, and also gives an idea of the salaries 
received. ^ 

Prof. C.-F. A. Winslow, Sec, 157 Wabiut Street, Brookline, Mass. 

The second informal reunion for the season was held at the Trin- 
ity Court Bowling Alleys on the evening of February 16. Chase, 
Cbbum, Coombs, Cornell, Curtis, Dodd, Fdgerley, Perley, Robin- 
son, Russ, Stillings, Wadsworth, Wing and Winslow were present. 
In an inter-course competition, Course VI. won by a laige score, 
though Course IV. made the finest appearance on the alleys. — 
Curtis has moved his law office to 84 State Street. — ^Humphrey 
sailed for Naples on the "Canopic," February 13. — G. L. Smith 
has opened an office for the practice of architecture at 22 Congress 
Street, Boston. — I. M. Chace, Jr., has come east from Tucson for 
a time, and his address is now 70 Borden Street, New Bedford. — 
Fleisher has moved from 67 Highland Street to 96 Brunswick Street, 

Hervey J. Skinner, Sec, 93 Broad Street, Boston. 

Phelps has recently completed a very important investigation 
on the pollution of streams by the waste from sulphite pulp miUs. 

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News from the Classes 281 

The work was done at the Sanitary Research Laboratory and Sewage 
Experiment Station at the Institute, and embodies a study of the 
possible remedies. The results are published in Water Supply 
Paper No. 226 by the United States Geological Survey. — Sherrill 
has returned to his duties at the Institute after a two years' leave of 
absence. — Phalen has received the degree of Doctor of Philosophy 
from George Washington University. The subject of his thesis 
was ''Economic Geology of the Kenova Quadrangle in Kentucky, 
Ohio and West Virginia." — The following changes of addresses 
have been received: T. W. Bailey, 220 J West Main Street, Okla- 
homa City, Okla. — H. M. Case, manager Light, Heat and Power 
Company, Connersville, Ind. — C. D. Drew, care of J. G, White & 

Co., Limited, Chimbote, Peru, S.A. ^T. J. Driscoll, a Parker 

Hill Terrace, Boston, Mass. — J. B. EUery, Annisquam, Mass. — 
A. W. Grosvenor, 469 State Street, Flushing, N.Y. — ^Russell Hall, 
South Windham, Me. — E. W. Hammond, 400 Plymouth Avenue, 
Rochester, N.Y. — W. A. Hazard, 948, 115 Adams Street, Chicago^ 
111. — H. P. James, Cutler-Hammer Manufacturing Company, Mil- 
waukee, Wis. — F. L. LacaflF, 405 North Washington Street, Nevada, 
Mo. — John Magee, 1128 First National Bank Building, Chicago, 
111.— W. H. Mandeville, 223 North ist Street, Olean, N.Y.— C. L. 
Morgan, 378 Wabash Avenue, Chicago, 111.— W. R. Parker, 74 
Meridian Street, Melrose, Mass. — G. H. Priest, 147 Milk Street, 
Boston, Mass. — ^A. W. Proctor, 41 Park Row, New York, N.Y. — 
L. Rich, 4 Glenwood Boulevard, Schenectady, N.Y. — H. Sawyer, 
Boise, Idaho. — H. H. Schmidt, 19 Municipal Building, Brooklyn, 
N.Y.— F. R. Sites, 325 C Street, Oakmont, Pa.— R. W. Stebbins, 
R. F. D. No. I, Hood River, Ore.— G. B. Street, Rye Valley, Ore.— 
F. Tappan, Central Building, Seattle, Wash.— G. S. TiflFany, Fort 
Logan, Col. — R. M. Vining, 15 Railroad Avenue, Beverly, Mass. 
— F. A. Watkins, 24 Ruthven Place, Summit, N.J. 

H. E. Osgood, Sec, Room F, Chamber of Cbnunerce, Boston, Mass. 

On Monday evening, March i, there was a meeting of the '00 
men in the Boston district at the Tech Union. Those who came 
together to dine informally before the meeting were Ziegler, Dimock, 
Weeden, Gibbs, Kattelle, E. F. Brigham, E. G. Allen, Bugbee, 
Hunt, P. R. Brooks, Wastcoat, Bowditch, Jennings and Neall. 
Later H. E. Osgood, Fitch, Hodsdon, Brown, Cuttiiig, Russell, 

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282 The Technology Review 

Beekman, Warren and C. A. Richardson dropped in. There was 
a very jolly reunion and plenty of experiences to exchange, especially 
as a number of the men had not seen each other for nine years or 
more. The meeting was furthermore graced by two prospective 
divines, Dimock, Newton Theological Seminary, and Gibbs, Epis- 
copal Theological School, Cambridge. During a part of the din- 
ner Wastcoat was found subduedly studying these ''engineers of 
the art of flying," but managed to recover his usual gayety, never- 
theless. The fellows tried over some of the songs which the Alunmi 
Association has had prepared for the Second Tech Reunion. Gibbs 
played the accompaniments with his usual elegance and spirit, 
and the eflFect of hearty co-operation, if not of perfect singing, was 
truly impressive. It is quite an idea for the 1900 men to be found 
singing together. I. W. Litchfield ('85), who is .giving a great 
deal of time to the plans for the reunion, dropped in and interested 
the men mightily by an informal talk on his recent trip to various 
cities in company with President Maclaurin and other matters 
of vital interest in connection with Technology. The plans which 
he outlined for the coming reunion in June showed that nothing was 
to be left undone to make the occasion a memorable one, and they 
will make every Tech man who comes, even from the most distant 
point, feel surely repaid. Some of the proposed features suggested 
a comparison with some of Thompson & Dundy's Hippodrome 
stunts. Neall then explained that a self-constituted committee, 
which might be called the Decennial or Reunion Committee, consist- 
ing of Bowditch, P. R. Brooks, Gibbs, Neall, Wastcoat and Ziegler, 
had been formed to assist the secretary with the extra work incident 
to getting out a new directory, also to make the arrangements for 
our decennial, which is to be held this year instead of next, in order 
to enable the men to attend both the reunion and decennial with- 
out making two trips to Boston. As a preliminary measure, every 
member of the class has been communicated with in order to get 
information regarding the diflFerent members of the class. This 
information will be used in the class directory, and part of it you 
will find following. It is hoped that every member of the class 
will assist this committee by doing his part, and furnish the infor- 
mation which will be requested from time to time. — C. A. Rich- 
ardson announces that he was married last fall, and is now living 
in Somerville. He is at present working on the plans of the Boston 
Elevated Railway Company for the new tunnel which is to con- 
nect Cambridge and Boston. Before coming east, he was con- 
nected with the survey preliminary to laying out the road-bed of the 
Grand Trunk Pacific, which is now being rapidly constructed. 

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News from the Classes 283 

He states that, owing to the absence of sharp curves and to the 
fact that the steepest grade is not over four-tenths of one per cent., 
the road-bed will be finer than that of any transcontinental railroad. 
— ^After having been away from Boston since finishing at the Insti- 
tute, Ziegler has returned to Boston to become treasurer and general 
manager of the New England Dairy Supply Company. One of 
the things which is sold by this company which is of popular inter- 
est is the milking machine. Ziegler describes with considerable 
effect some of the public appearances which he has made at country 
fairs. Without detracting from his own ability as a raconteur, 
he really needs a Kipling to do him justice. He was married in 
the latter part of 1904 to Miss Mabel Hale (Radcliffe, 1902). — ^From 
the standpoint of general interest, one of the most interesting letters 
we have received from the class was that received from Ford, who 
writes: — 

Since leaving Tech in 1901 after a post-graduate year, I have spent two 
years in Peabody & Steams' office in Boston, three months in Guy Lowell's 
office, then four years in Paris, graduating in architecture from the £cole 
des Beaux-Arts. During this rime I travelled the better part of a year, all 
told, in Italy, Switzerland, France, Belgium, England, etc. I have been 
back in New York two years, — three months in the office of Hale & Rogers 
and a year and nine months with George B. Post & Sons, architects, where 
I am now chief designer. A year ago this last summer I went as a dele- 
gate to the Eighth International Housing Congress in London. 

My chief interest in life is just along this line; that is, architecture as 
applied to the problem of housing of the working people and as applied to 
the social quesrions in general. To that end I have been living in model 
tenements and social settlement houses ever since my return from abroad. 

It is a vita] subject and an intensely interesting one, one that is becoming 
more and more urgent every day. 

Yet, strangely enough, no architect in America has ever taken it up in a 
broad and humanitarian way. Why, the possibiliries of improving living 
condirions, be it in the home, the shop, the factory, the school, the bath, 
the Insritute, the playground, or whatever it may be, are simply immense. 
A great deal has been done in an unco-ordinated, random way from a purely 
scienrific standpoint, but you will look almost in vain for architectural 
training as applied to these problems where you may detect real heart and 
sympathy in the work. 

The field is boundless. A spirit of philanthropy in the broadest sense 
is spreading rapidly in America. It must find an outlet in bettering the 
condition of those who are powerless to help themselves, and it must have 
men of the requisite training who can logically and sympathetically bring 
about concrete results, — results which will make for a happier, nobler and 
better life among our fellow-beings. 

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284 The Technology Review 

To this end I have published some twenty-five or thirty articles in archi- 
tectural magazines, and am now spreading out into dte general magazines. 

I have been and am identified with splendid work of dte Committee on 
Congestion of Population in New York city under Benjamin C. Marsh, 
and I know and am in communication with many of the men most promi- 
nent in this field at home and throughout Europe, for Europe is far ahead 
of us here. 

I have been and am collecting a great deal of material along these lines 
for the Museum of Social Ethics at Harvard University, far and away the 
most comprehensive social museum in the world, thanks to the earnest- 
ness and zeal of Professor Francis G. Peabody. 

The deeper into the subject I get, dte more fascinating it becomes. The 
possibilities are infinite, and within this generation many of them are bound 
to become actualities. 

He apologizes for writing at such length, but not only is there no 
occasion for it, but we wish more/)f the fellows would do likewise. — 
The reference to Gibbs will surely interest all of his old friends. 
His present work is a gradual development, and is thought by him 
to be much helped by the engineering training which he has had. 
The first two years after graduadon Gibbs spent with the Brown 
Hoisting Machine Company in Cleveland. A severe attack of 
typhoid fever obliged him to abandon the work and return east 
to convalesce. His later engagement was for a while in western 
Massachusetts at Greenfield, and then at United States engineer's 
oifice at Newport, R.I., and lastly two and a half years with the 
Eastern Concrete Construction Company on inside and outside 
work. There is much to speculate on in this development, and 
there is no doubt that the idea of an engineer as a rector would sug- 
gest a bang-up result. — ^Those of the 1900 men who took part in 
the Walker Club theatricals are amused to find themselves well 
represented among the Boston men. For example, Gibbs kept 
up the traditions by playing Mr. Golightly in "Lend me Five Shil- 
lings" and Marmaduke Woodcock in "Woodcock's Little Game." 
— ^Howe, who took such an important part in our days at Tech, 
writes as follows: — 

You have asked of me a rather difficult as well as embarrassing thing — 
embarrassing in that it might appear as though nothing more serious had 
occupied my time than play acting, also difficult because the names of both 
plays and parts have slipped my mind. 

The year after graduating in Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany, the part of 
a young and lovely (?) but misjudged woman was given me, — my only 
appearance on foreign boards. Then at intervals I have been different 
characters, such as Christopher, a mollycoddle (no acting needed), straight 
male parts requiring delicate love-making (quite a few of these), a discharged 

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News from the Classes 285 

Irishman, a wheezy old country fellow, Simon Pinner, who loved to "set 
and whittle," then back to a sweet old Vermont mother, who could both 
knit and dam [Howe's writing made this look like dam]. This winter 
small male parts in "The Ulster," "A Regiment for Two" and Mr. Cox 
of "Box and Cox" have been my share in entertaining friends. 

— Neall witnessed the last-mendoned performance, and reports that 
Howe's acdng was fully up to Walker Club standards. He also 
said that several weeks before the performance Howe requested 
the loan of a rather loud pair of plaid trousers which he happened 
to be wearing at that time. It took some presence of mind to guess 
for what they were intended. The fact that they have lent support 
to the drama, and that, they are now about to be laid on the shelf, 
is a great gratificadon t<J all Neall's friends. — S. B. Miller recendy 
dropped into town on his way back to Marquette, Mich., after 
attending the superintendents' meeting in New York of the various 
£. I. du Pont de Nemours Powder Companies. Miller is assistant 
superintendent of the Marquette plant, and reports interesting work 
and a happy life. He is not married yet, but his photographs of 
camping parties, skadng aflFairs and other attractive outdoor feat- 
ures with which northern Michigan abounds indicate that he is 
not wanting in fair friends. — Ingersoll Bowditch entertained the 
special '00 committee at dinner at the Puritan Club on February 15. 
— E. F. Brigham on March 5 announced his engagement to Miss 
Phyllis S. Lindsey, of Santa Monica, Cal. Since graduation Brig- 
ham has become quite a horseman, and is often seen riding through 
the Fens. — Kattelle was married to Miss Nellie Feagles, of Toledo, 
Ohio, on Oct. i, 1908, and should be glad to see all his old friends 
at 205 Grove Street, Aubumdale, Mass. — ^A. B. Briggs writes: — 

I trust that I may find time in the future to get 'interested in a more sub- 
stantial manner than mere approbation in our class affairs, and I think I 
see it ahead. Till now I have had all that I could swing to, and while 
of course, I still have it in a way, I will not have perhaps to do so much my- 
self, but direct the efforts of others more. 

Briggs is in the office of chief engineer, Boston & Albany Railroad, 
Boston. — Robert H. Clary was recently in Boston, and left his 
address as Hotel Somerset, 47th Street, New York city. — D. E. 
Maxfield writes from Philadelphia as follows: — 

The most important news in my family is the arrival of a small boy, now 
eight months old. 

As far as business goes, my work has kept me hustling in spite of the 
dull dmes. I have charge of the construction department of D'Olier Engi- 
neering Company, who do a considerable amount of government and munici- 

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286 The Technology Review 

pal power plant and pumping plant work. We are sending two 2,400 
horse-power boiler plants to the Isthmus, some 1,700 tons of material alto- 
gether. We have contracts in British Columbia, Colorado, California, 
Texas, Illinois and a considerable amount of work nearer home. We 
do a considerable business in centrifugal pumps. 

— S. D. GraflF, after eight years' connection with the Westinghouse 
Machine Company, is now with the Simplex Electrical Company, no 
State Street, as a member of their sales organization. GraflF has been 
living some five years in Boston, and is much devoted to sport, 
business permitting. This takes the form of boating in the sum- 
mer time and fencing, boxing and skating in the winter. Any one 
wanting engagements for a bout to celebrate the reunion please 
telegraph. — Emil F. Vogel was recently iii Boston on a vacation. 
He is now with the Lackawanna Steel Company as master mechanic 
of the coke department of the West Seneca plant, BuflFalo. Vogel 
looks very well, notwithstanding the heavy demands that are often 
made on his time. He says his ofl&ce hours are likely to be from 
6 A.M. to 7 P.M., with a twenty-four hour turn thrown in for a fillip. 
One can easily imagine the importance of this work, however, since 
steel plant operation consists of such intimately connected depart- 
mental activities. For two years after graduation Vogel was con- 
nected with the Case Manufacturing Company on hoisting machin- 
ery. This he followed up by six months with Wellman-Seaver- 
Morgan Company of Qeveland and six months with the M. H. 
Treadwell Company of Lebanon, Pa. — C. V. Merrick writes as 
follows: — 

I note that the class of 1900 is preparing to do a stunt at the 1909 re- 
union. I am not certain how things will work, and whether it will be possi- 
ble for me to be at the reunion; but, if there is to be a real stunt, business be 
hanged. I will come, and make sure our behavior is kept up to its previous 
high-pressure standard. I am now acting as supervising architect on 
the New York State Education Building (14,500,000), a structure which 
is to house the state museum, library and education interests. These 
interests are now housed in the state capitol and scattered about Albany, 
and it is expected that greater facilides and better education for the chO- 
dren of New York state will be possible where an organization, executive 
and board of regents are to be housed under one roof. 

Previous to starting this work with Messrs. Palmer & Hombostel, I 
represented Mr. Francis H. Kimball, architect, during the erecdon of the 
City Investing Building (open to the public in May, 1908). If you have 
been in New York recently, you will remember the white thirty-two-stoiy 
sky-iscraper just north of the Singer tower, located at the comer of Cort- 
land Street and Broadway. 

Previous to the erecdon of the City Investing Building I represented the 

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News from the Classes 287 

same architect on the Brunswick Site Building, comer of 26th Street and 
5th Avenue, and before that I was with Messrs. Trowbridge & Livingston 
for five years, erecting while with them the Salomon house, comer of 83d 
Street and 5th Avenue, the mansion for Mr. Henry Phipps, comer of 
86th Street and 5th Avenue, house for Mr. Hawley T. Proctor, 11 East 52d 
Street, and finally the Altman store at the comer of 5th Avenue and 34th 

I have one child, a boy,' Alden Chester Merrick, now about two years 
and a half old. Mrs. Merrick and I took a trip dtis winter to the south, 
and on the way stopped off at Atlanta, and saw Mr. Harry Leslie Walker, 
commonly known as Hec. He still wears that same angel face, but is doing 
some good architecture despite his facial characteristics. Unfortunately, 
I was unable to see Mr. G>llier while at Atlanta, as he was away at a wedding. 

Keep me posted as to the stunts proposed for the 1909 reunion, and let 
me know how many of the old gang are going to be back. 

— Wastcoat sends in the following from H. W. Oxnard: — 

I have run across surprisingly few Tech men in my travels thus far. While 
camping on a mountain top in southem Mexico, I discussed the merger 
with a young Harvard man ^om I found there in charge of a mine, and 
through Mexico and the north-west I knew men from Berkeley and the 
westem state universities, but not a Tech man in all that region. 

I am always gjad to read the class news in the Review, and will not 
forget to contribute when I have anything of interest to write. 

— W. R. McAusland on March 6 writes Wastcoat as follows: — 

I am doing newspaper work in Chicago and leading a simple and single 
life. There is an eminent live M. I T. alumni organization here, but I 
don't encounter any 1900 men. Apparently, my classmates do not concur 
in my opinion that this is a charming place of abode. I hope to hear from 
"1900" again, and should be glad to know ^en any portion of the class 
is in Chicago. 

— This last fall Wastcoat came back to Boston after severing his 
connecdon and interest in the Ellis-Chalmers Company as treasurer. 
He is now president of the Harmon, Wastcoat, Dahl Company of 
Boston, which firm controls five paint and hardware stores, and is 
distributor for the Matheson Lead Company and F. O. Peirce 
Company of New York. Last month he was elected vice-president 
of the Chadeloid Chemical Company of New York, which company 
owns about sixty patents on paint and varnish removers, and has 
as licensees all the large paint concerns of this country, and is known 
in the trade as the Remover Trust. We extend our congratula- 
tions to Wastcoat, and also express our satisfaction that this impor* 
tant corporate influence is now in our midst. — ^E. H. Davis writes 
from Purdue University that — 

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288 The Technology Review 

It is a good thing that the class is about to emerge from its hypnotic 
coma. In another year it would be ten years old, and should go into long 
trousers. We should publish a book, and give our members a chance for 
a literary gloat over their notorosity. I, for example, have become a mem- 
ber of the North-western Alumni Association, and have personal police 
escort every time I go to Chicago. 

This is not all by a long shot, but it is reserved for publication in 
full in the proposed class flyer. It is evident that, although his 
name is next to the top in the department of history and economics, 
he is the same Davis as of yore. 

R. L. Williams, Sec, 30 Waban Hill Road, Chestnut Hill, Mass. 

Frederic G. Clapp recently delivered a lecture before the Acad- 
emy of Science and Art at Pittsburg, his subject being "Influence 
of Geological Structure on the Occurrence of Oil and Gas." Sub- 
divisions of the lecture were " statement of the * anticlinal theory'; lim- 
itations of this theory, and history of the controversy as to its value; 
diflPerent geological conditions of the diflPerent fields; proof of the 
value of geology in predicting the value and extent of the fields; 
and conditions of accumulation of oil and gas." — Allen B. Mc- 
Daniel is professor of civil engineering at the University of South 
Dakota. — F. H. Sexton is president of the Nova Scotia Technical 
College, which offers courses in mining, civil, electrical and mechani- 
cal engineering. He is married, and has three children. — D. L. 
Ordway is with the National Carbon Company of Cleveland, Ohio, 
where he is a research chemist in the battery department. — Charles 
J. Bacon as steam expert for the Illinois Steel Company has general 
supervision of their power plants and experimental engineering. — 
Robert B. Norton is an assistant electrical engineer on the electri- 
cal equipment of the Hudson & Manhattan Railroad (McAdoo 
Tunnels). — ^Alton P. Trufant has been elected highway surveyor 
for Whitman, Mass., in which position he will have control of re- 
pairs and maintenance of highways, sidewalks and sewerage sys- 
tems. He is in business for himself as a civil engineer. — Francis E. 
Cady has left Washington, and is now in the physical laboratory 
of the National Electric Lamp Association of Cleveland, Ohio. He 
is engaged in research work with the director of the laboratory, cover- 
ing the field of optics and more particularly radiation work. — ^Angus 
A. Mclnnes is engineer for the Metropolitan Construcdon Corn- 

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News from the Classes 289 

pany, whose specialty is concrete construction. — ^Philip L. Buxton 
travelled in Europe in the winter of 1908. He is secretary and as- 
sistant treasurer of the E. Buxton & Son Company. — E. S. Fol- 
jambe holds the position as managing editor for the Cycle and 
Automobile Trade Journal of Philadelphia. Outside of his regular 
work he has made smoke experiments with a two-cycle glass cylin- 
der engine. He has also experimented with knock-down, silk, 
tailess, advertising kites. 

F. H. Hunter, Sec^ 75 Park Street, West Roxbury, Mass. 

The class was represented at the alumni banquet on January 14 
by a much larger delegation than in previous years, the following 
being present: President Sawyer, Robinson, Whittet, Farmer, 
Ritchie, Everett, Wemyss, Vaughan, Thurston, Mardick, Westcott, 
Upham and Hunter. Since that date there has been no gathering 
of the class up to the present writing, but notices are out in Boston 
for a bowling party on March 25, and a dinner is planned in New 
York at an early date. Boston has lost for a season its vice-presi- 
dent, Harry Hooker, he having gone to Salt Lake City to oversee 
the electrification of railway lines controlled by the Harris interests. 
His address is 157 North State Street. Salt Lake is becoming quite 
a centre for '02 meii. Stimson is now there with the Rocky Moun- 
tain Bell Telephone Company, and Mendenhall has returned thither 
from Ely, and is again located with the Utah Light and Railway 
Company. Other classmates have been on the move. — Manley 
is at 445 Highland Avenue, Bowlder, Col. — ^Waterman is with the 
Warren County Lumber Company, Williamsport, Ind. — W. V, 
Morse has returned to the United States, and is with the S. H. 
Supply Company, dealers in mining supplies, 2042 Summer Street, 
Denver, Col. — Seabury has been transferred from Kingston to 
the central office of the Board of Water Supply at 299 Broad- 
way (Room 1419), where he is assistant to the chief engineer. 
— Galaher is again with Stone & Webster, and Shedd is back 
¥nth J. R. Worcester & Co., 79 Milk Street, Boston. — McBumey 
reports his address as University Club, 5th Avenue and 54th 
Street, New York City. — McNaughton, Raymond and Law- 
rence, of Portland, Ore., are the architects for Whitman College 
at Walla-Walla, Wash. McNaughton's son, Boyd McNaughton, 
was reported in the last Review, but the date given for his birth 

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290 The Technology Review 

was incorrect. Oct. 6, 1908, is the day that should have been men- 
tioned. — Robert Temple Clapp arrived at the home of CliflFord B. 
Clapp on Oct. 3, 1908, while Elise Erskine Stillings, who was bom 
on Jan. 16, 1909, is the youngest member of the class reported to 
date. — ^Theo'ecord in this line, however, falls to Lewis, whose fourth 
daughter, Patricia, bom on Dec. 24, 1907, has but recently been 
reported at class headquarters. — Chalifoux was married in Bir- 
mingham, Ala., last January, but unfortunately the particulars have 
not yet reached your secretary. Others are intending to join the 
majority soon, for Joseph Philbrick's engagement to Miss Clara B. 
Smith, of Riverside, 111., is announced; and Brainerd is engaged to 
Miss Mildred Lighthipe, of Orange, N.J. — Other class items: 
"Dimmy" Bartlett is now located in New York, his residence being 
1285 Dean Street, Brooklyn. — Mrs. May (Best) Sexton's address 
is Mount Pleasant, Halifax, N.S. — C. W. Adams is with the Ameri- 
can Radiator Company, 1342 Arch Street, Philadelphia. — Kimball's 
address is Glen Osbome, Pa. — McCarthy is with the Potosi Zinc 
Company, Las Vegas, Mex. — ^A. T. Nelson is at Portland, Ore., 
his headquarters being 11 20 Board of Trade Building. — Bayard 
William Mendenhall, Jr., bom Dec. 18, 1908, on the thirtieth 
birthday of his father.— Otto C. Thanisch died on the 24th of March. 


R. A. Wentworth, Sec,^ Saylesville, R.I. 
M. L. Emerson, Res. Sec, 161 Devonshire Street, Boston, Mass. 

H. W. Stevens was in charge of an '04 dinner at the Union on 
February 24. Although it was a terrible night, there were fourteen 
men out. Of course the June reunion was the principal subject 
discussed. The reunion committee broached several plans, 
which were considered in detail, the men being enthusiastic in their 
support of the committee's work. It was thought inadvisable to 
attempt any extension of the reunion program in the shape of an 
excursion or camping trip. The distinctive features which have 
been developed by our reunion committee will be explained in a 
notice to be sent to all men who have ever been of 1904. This notice 
will request certain statistics and certain further assistance, which, 
I hope will be promptly and cheerfully furnished. It must be remem- 
bered that the majority of our classmates seldom see other '04 
men, that their Technology loyalty and class spirit are likely to be 
dulled by such isolation. We are asking you to arouse this spirit 
by writing to the men whom you can influence. This is your op- 

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News from the Classes 291 

portunity to boom the reunion and to do your part in making the 
*04 representation worthy of our class. — ^The Boston crowd will 
have another dinner early in April. — ^After nearly three years at 
Holyoke, Mass., Hiller has returned to Boston as an instructor 
in the Mechanical Engineering Laboratories. — Llewellyn Bixby, 
writing from Long Beach, Cal., says: — 

I was up in Seattle in January, and tried to locate Porter, but couldn't. 
I haven't laid eyes on an '04 man for about four years. Hope to be back 
in June, but can't tell yet whether I can or not. Since leaving Tech, I have 
done my duty by having a girl, Aug. 2, 1905, and a boy, July 30, 1908. 
Being married before going to Tech, I had a flying start on the rest of the 

— Carl King's "eldest son," Albert Dunning King, was bom Decem- 
ber 12. — Bouscaren will be married in Tampa, Fla., on April 22, to 
Miss Ethel Trawick. They are planning to start immediately 
after on a three months' trip abroad. — ^Dave Elwell has been for 
nearly three years on the electrification of the New York division 
of the New Haven Road, and is enthusiastic over the work which 
the Westinghouse people have done there. Though his present 
address is 7 Fairview Place, New Rochelle, N.Y., the approach- 
ing completion of the work renders uncertain his future location. 
On December 31 his engagement was announced to Miss Mildred 
B. Kellock, of New Rochelle.— A letter from Todd, headed "Port- 
land, Me.," says in part: — 

In reply to your request for news will have to plead a lack of any startling 
material. My history is covered by the statement that I have been one of 
the Portland G>mpany's electrical engineers from October, '04, to date. 
The company cannot be counted as a large concern, as only from two hundred 
and fifty to six hundred men are employed; but a great variety of engineering 
feats are put up to the engineering department. We are machinists, marine 
and electrical engineers, boiler makers and foundrymen, not to include a 
few other small departments, as agents for Knox automobiles and garage 
operators on the side. My specialties are elevator controllers and the Chap- 
man electric neutralizer. The latter device is the only absolutely or even 
passably successful scheme yet devised for neutralizing static electricity 
in light materials ^ere its presence is undesirable. As the idea was con- 
ceived only a few weeks before my connection with the company, I feel as 
though I had grown up in tite business. My first two years here included 
considerable travelling, but of late I have been able to avoid all but frequent 
trips to Boston and other near-by points. 

— ^Tripp (II.) was married to Miss Trixie Hannah Liverpool in 
Boston on January 9, and is living at 19 Concord Square. — 
Weymouth announces a seven-and-a-half pound addition to his 

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292 The TcclHU)logy Review 

family on December 30, — Edward Adams Weymouth. His address 
is Box 286, Hudson, Ohio. — ^Underhill writes, ''Just returned from 
a three weeks' trip to the City of Mexico, but, did not have a chance 
to look up any Tech men." — Leyland Whipple is chemist and bac- 
teriologist for the Water Department, Bangor, Me. — F. N. Bull 
is ynth the Regina Mining Company, Webb City, Mo. — Evans' 
card reads, "Aero Pulverizer Company, 90 West Street, New York, 
Wm. A. Evans, Manager." — C. S. Sperry is stud}dng at the Uni- 
versity of Colorado. His address is 1 146 Euclid Avenue, Boulder, 
Col. — ^At a recent dinner of the M. I. T. Biological Society, Selskar 
Gunn, health officer of Orange, N.J., spoke on "Trials and Trib- 
ulations of a Health Officer." — ^Nyce writes from Sacramento, Cal. : 

Your request for news concerning my many jumps must wait for a reply 
until I land long enough in one spot to get my breath. If such a condition 
ever arrives, I shall weary you with a whole pad of paper. The excessive 
long rains, with the necessary high rivers and washouts, are holding me 
here. The rivers have been within nine inches of the tops of the levees 
of this town. 

— ^Under address of 201 Victory Avenue, Schenectady, N.Y., Selby 
Haar writes: — 

I had a curious experience not long ago. I answered a telephone call, 
and the voice at the other end said he was Haraden. He is transferred 
here from Lynn. He looks just the same. Pendergast was here in the 
summer. He is an engineer in dte Reclamadon Service, and was inspecting 
some material. My old original drill-master, G. W. Sanborn, also ran 
in here one day last summer. He is an insurance inspector. He had seen 
Captain Curtis not long before that. I presume dtat you know that Robert 
Palmer married a lady from this city. Not having any more news, I must 
close now, but shall shake hands with you at the reunion in June. 

Haar is not the only man who mentions the great reunion. Nearly 
every letter for months has referred to it, expressing the intention 
of the writer to surely come. It is the men who do not write me that 
need following up. — Mert Emerson has designed and built a new 
house in Braintree, Mass., which he occupied in December. — Won- 
ders do not cease. On the street in Saylesville I met the other day 
an '04 man, Willard Chandler, who was here on an inspection for 
the Associated Factories Mutual Fire Insurance Company of 
Boston. He is married, with a home in Somerville, but is away 
from Boston most of the time, though on his nearer assignments 
he gets home at night. — Since Magee's death Rowe has formed a 
new partnership for the continuation of his architectural practice 
at 161 Devonshire Street, Boston. His new associate is Henry F. 

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News from the Classes 293 

Keyes (IV.), '04. — W. T. Wilson (I.), was married December 24 
to Miss Valeria Inez Merrill at the Cathedral of St. John the 
Divine, New York. Wilson is in the designing department, Board 
of Water Supply, New York. — Edward W. White is with the A. C. 
Lawrence Leather Company, Peabody, Mass. — ^Notices have been 
returned from W. U. C. Baton, R. P. Bellows, C. R. Cary, P. D. 
Hoard, A. H. Kudlich, C. W. Paddock and David Sutton. Noti- 
fication to the secretary of the present addresses of any of these 
men would be much appreciated. — ^New addresses are: J. McF. 
Baker, 1285 Dean Street, Brooklyn, N.Y.— A. W. Baitlett, 31 
Wycombe Avenue, Lansdowne, Pa. — K. M. Baum, care Vermont 
Copper Company, So, Strafford, Vt. — ^A. W. Bee, 218 Woodlawn 
Avenue, Hartwell, Ohio. — B. Blum, Avon, Mont. — L. M. Bourne, 
820 Nostrand Avenue, Brooklyn, N.Y. — J. F. Card, 91 ia West 
Silver Street, Butte, Mont. — L. C. Clarke, Jr., 382 East Ontario 
Street, Chicago, 111. — E. L. Clifford, 614 Greenleaf Avenue, Wil- 
mette. 111. — J. E. Cunningham, Beacon Chambers, Boston, Mass. 
— ^J. S. Currier, Naval Torpedo Station, Newport, R.I. — F. H. 
Davis, Southern Pacific Ferry Landing, New Orleans, La. — C. J. 
Emerson, 251 Causeway Street, Boston, Mass. — Halsey French, 
619 East 17th Street, Brooklyn, N.Y. — L. T. Howard, New York 
Barge Canal, Schuylerville, N.Y.— A. Y. Hoy, Box 1827, Spokane, 
Wash. — G. E. Kershaw, 16 Castle Rock Street, Dorchester, Mass. — 
J. D. McQuaid, 13 East 17th Street, New York — R. D. Mailey, 
20 Howard Street, Lynn, Mass. — R. S. Phillips, 2043A E Street, 
Granite City, 111. — ^M. H. Schwartz, 49 South Sacramento Boule- 
vard, Chicago, 111. — Grant S. Taylor, 8 Garden Place, Brookl3ai, 

Geoige M. Magee, of the Class of 1904, died at Wenham on the 7th 
of February, 1909. A form of tuberculosis was the cause of his 

He was bom in Chelsea in 1883, attended Hopkinson School, 
Boston, and entered the Institute in 1900, graduating from the 
Architectural Department in 1904. He returned for a Master's 
degree, which was awarded him in 1905. 

In October, 1906, he married Miss Helena Buhlert, of Wenham. 

In 1907 he became a member of the firm of Magee & Rowe, 

Through his good fellowship and his sincere and generous nature 
he won the respect of his classmates and all those who knew him. 

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294 The Technology Review 

Grosvbnor D* W. Marcy, Sec, 246 Summer Street, Boston, Mass. 

The response to the letter telling of the '05 reunion plans was 
very general, as is shown by the list given later of those who replied 
that diey will surely or probably be here in June. The indications 
are strong that '05 will have a splendid turning out, and that 
the camp at Newbuiyport will be crowded. This is as it should be, 
for it is our first big reunion, and '05 always did — ^well, perhaps 
we'd better not talk about that here, for we do not want to make 
any other people feel bad. But do not get the idea that it will do 
to leave it to that. WeVe got to work as a class for this reunion, 
just as we did for Field Day and some other things. All the letters 
and notices the secretary could send out in a year will not take the 
place of your writing your friends that you are going to be there, 
and hope they are, too. And now is the time to do it. It is a sure 
proposition that being here in June will add four years to any real 
'05 man's life, for, after being at camp and going through the grand 
line-up of stunts of the reunion proper, you cannot possibly feel 
any older, and probably not as old, as when you did or didn't get 
your degree. The general spirit is voiced by our Buffalo corres- 
pondent as follows: — 

Tech bunch in Buffalo veiy enthusiastic about reunion. Plan to arrive 
by special Pullman, if one with sufficient capacity for liquid baggage can 
be obtained. If not, have local option on Standard Oil tank car, with pipe 
line to Pullman. 

Several are coming, if it takes a leg. Billy Sneeringer expects it to 
take a ligament, and is ready to risk a lung and a bank account. Bill 
Motter diinks he could walk it, and would start now if he was not 
tied down to a job in New Mexico. He has hopes for June, however. 
Sprague is coming, if he has to swim down the Merrimack from 
Haverhill. To these we would offer a word of caution. The most 
distant man who may be able to come is J. C. Eadie, from Castle- 
town, Isle of Man, England. Leonard Bushnell, from Seattle, and 
Charlie Johnston, from Mexico, will also have pretty long trips. 
Charlie writes that Mrs. Johnston is a silent partner to the reunion 
plans, and he does not see how he can help coming. He has been 
promoted to a larger mine, and is now superintendent of the Reforma 
Mines, Cuartro Cienegas, Coahuila, Mexico. He is thirty-five 
miles from the railroad and one hundred miles from the nearest 
town, so sometimes the four white people there, the book-keeper, 

Digitized by 


News from the Classes 295 

doctor, Mrs. Johnston, and Charles find it a bit lonesome. — George 
Hool is professor of civil engineering at the Sute University of 
Oklahoma. He is teaching eighteen different subjects, seven of 
which last through the year, so he keeps pretty busy, and has some 
outside work, too. He hopes to be here in June. — Robert C. Cut- 
ting writes as follows: — 

Most fellows get their vacations in the summer time, but, alas I we who 
work for Uncle Sam, improving the Ohio River, have to take our summer 
vacations in the winter, and it requires a good imagination to thorou^ly 
enjoy Boston with the mercury almost out of sight. 

I wish very much that I could be around in June, and see all the old fel- 
lows of '04 and '05, but I fully expect to be leading a very strenuous life 
about that time. I am in local charge of the construction of Lock and Dam 
No. 26, Ohio River, a million-dollar project; and, as the government pro- 
poses to do • the work by hired labor instead of by contract, I will be 
having a merry time here next summer, plenty of work and plenty to worry 
about. I like it all, though. 

This is rather an isolated place. It cannot be called a town. Gallipolis, 
Ohio, is eight miles away, and Wheeling almost two hundred. 

McCain ('06), is working in the district oflBce in Wheeling. Tech men 
in general are well thought of by the oflBcers of the corps of engineers, so 
I have found. I was at West Point about a year ago visiting one of them, 
and a number of the professors there spoke very highly of the Institute. 
They even spoke of the advantage of sending cadets assigned to the engineer 
corps to take a special course there, as in the case of the Annapolis men tak- 
ing the Naval Constructors' Course. 

If I cannot be at the reunion in body, I sure will be there in spirit. With 
die best wishes for a good time and my regards to all the fellows. 

— ^E. H. Lorenz says: "Am going abroad for the summer, and expect 
to be in Switzerland just then. Would give up a week of that for the 
reunion, though, but can't afford to bust up the whole trip. Wish 
it was any other year. That camp looks just great." — Joe Daniels 
comments on the card sent out as follows: "This statistical habit 
together with this Graeco-Roman hold-you-fast ballot, almost leads 
one to believe that the Young Turks are in control. You can't 
say 'no,' or you're a shyster, you can't say *yes* without reproving 
yourself for lying, shall I say?" However, Joe says "probably." 
— ^Ned Jewett is in Houston, Tex., with H. L. Stevens Company. 
Unless the unexpected happens, he will undoubtedly be here in 
Tune. He reports that F. P. Paine is in that city with the Otis 
Elevator Company, and is installing elevators in two buildings which 
Ned's people have under construction. — "Chink" Moorehead is 
also with H. L. Stevens Company in Atlanta, Ga. His address is 

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296 The Technology Review 

63 N. Forsythe Street. — Roy Lovejoy has gone on a trip to Panama, 
and thence to California, but hopes to be back in time to bring his 
auto up to camp. — Sammy Seaver is at Claremont, N.H., with the 
Sullivan Machinery Company. — E. E. Woodbury is with the Stand- 
ard Underground Cable Company, Pittsburg, Pa. — David Collins 
is on the engineering corps of the Pennsylvania Railroad, building 
the Sunnyside Yard at Woodside, Long Island, N. Y. He reports the 
possession of two children, and asks if that is not the record, appar- 
ently not knowing that Jim Barnes has that secure. — Bob Turner 
is a member of the law firm of Kaan, Luce & Turner, 50 State Street, 
Boston. Last year he was maitager of Mr. Luce's campaign for 
the Republican nominadon for lieutenant-governor, which v^s 
a very interesting and hotly contested fight. — Bob Farrington also 
announces that he has opened an office for the general pracdce of 
law at 8 Exchange Place, Boston. — ^E. B. Snow is at the Rock 
Island Arsenal. His address is 1704 5th Avenue, Rock Island, III. 
— Fred Goldthwaite has taken the New England agency of the 
Phoenix Iron Works Company of Meadville, Pa. They make 
engines, boilers, flues, stacks, etc. His address is 115 Central 
Street, Peabody, Mass. — C. E. Gage is back at Culebra, Canal 
Zone, and is working with Jack Flynn for a boss. — ^E. Gordon Bill 
is teaching in Yale University. — ^J. H. Morse is a member of the 
executive committee of the Eastern Manual Training Association, 
with headquarters at the Primary Industrial School, Columbus, Ga. 
— ^Harry Donald is with H. D. Edwards & Co., mill, railroad and 
vessel supplies of Detroit, Mich. — Jules Bamd is president of the 
National Mining Stock Exchange of Marion, Ohio. — Sid Strick- 
land writes from Paris, where he is studying at the Ecole Nadonale 
des Beaux-Arts, that he will not return for another year. He says 
he is up to his ears in work, which is unending, lasting seven dzys 
a week, day and night. He didn't work like that at the *Stute. — 
A, J. Lowndes is head of the Lowndes-Mitchell Engineering Com- 
pany, consulting-engineers and contractors, 500 Law Building, Balti- 
more, Md. — ^Hallet R. Robbins has resigned as assistant engineer in 
Department of State Engineer and Surveyor, and is now associated 
with Alexander Potter, consulting engineer, 143 Liberty Street, New 
York. His engagement to Miss Florence Dench, of Princeton, 
Mass., is announced. — ^The engagement is announced of Miss Gladys 
Poole, of Weymouth, Mass., and Charles Leavitt. — ^Herbert M. 
Wilcox married Frances H. Jaynes, of East Orange, N. J., on March 
6. Wilcox is with the Skyland Hosiery Company, Tryon N.C. — 
Mr. and Mrs. F. O. Sprague announce the birth of Miss Elizabeth 
Sprague on March 5. — Mr. Bernard Faymonville, of San Francisco, 

Digitized by 


News from the Classes 297 

wrote the secretary that his son, Leroy, died in the city of Hermosillo^ 
N.M.y in January of last year. At the time of his death he ¥^s man- 
ager of the Electric Light and Power Plant in that city. The sec- 
retary wrote Mr. Fajrmonville, assuring him of the sympathy of the 
class in his loss. — ^The engagement of Percy G. Hill and Miss Alice H. 
Fenton, of New Haven, Conn., was announced on February 22. — 
A. H. Smith had a boy bom on October 31, named Richard Brewster 
Smith. — Leigh A. Thompson, who has not been heard from before^ 
reports his marriage on Nov. 28, 1907. His address is 452 Mer- 
rimack Street, Manchester, N.H. — Peet Bixby is still single, and is 
with the Erie Railroad at Meadville*, Pa. He says there are eighteen 
churches and twenty-six saloons in that town, and that he patronizes 
the churches sometimes. — ^For news in Baltimore, Walter Clarke 
refers to Ecclesiastes, latter part of verse 9. — Willard Simpson re- 
ports that enthusiasm is boiling in Texas for the reunion, and that 
he is coming or bust. He is practising as a structural engineer 
in San Antonio, and has just finished two large buildings and has a 
lot of work on hand. — ^The midwinter dinner, held at the New Union 
on February 20, was just a small sample of what the reunion will 
be like. There were twenty-four men present, and every one got 
filled up with broiled chicken and enthusia8m.-Ros Davis, who came 
up from Elizabethport, N.J., revived Simon Pure Brass and Jack 
Tar of the Good Ship Spy in a way that brought tears to the eyes of 
many. With Prescott at the piano and a quartet of Davis, Seaver, 
Coffin and Folsom, everybody joined in and learned the new songs 
in good style, and sang the old ones as '05 never did before. The 
plans for the camp at Laurel Hill were discussed enthusiastically. 
About fifty men have asked for provisional reservation. It is an 
ideal spot, and we ought to have the time of our lives there. Fol- 
som, Perkins and Coffin are the committee in charge. Plans are 
going forward in good shape, but there is not space to describe 
them here, and a special letter will be sent to all who have replied 
to previous letters. The following list gives all those who answered 
that they will probably or surely be here in June. If your friends 
are there, write that you are coming, too. If they are not there^ 
write them and find out why. A. H. Abbott, Box iii, Pittsfield, 
Mass.; C. Robert Adams, 23 Burr Street, Jamaica Plain, Mass.; 
Roy H. Allen, 8 St. Botolph Street, Boston, Mass.; C. A. Anderson^ 
238 Beach Street, Revere, Mass.; Court W. Babcock, Tech Cham- 
bers, Boston; William G. Ball, 5 Summit Avenue, Winthrop, Mass., 
Waldo A. Barber, 21 Gardner Street, Allston, Mass.; Jules V. 
Bamd, Marion, Ohio; G. M. Bartlett, 63 Femwood Road, Boston; 
Robert S. Beard, Warwick, N.Y.; A. F. Belding, Joplin, Mo.; 

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298 The Technology Review 

Frederick G. Bennett, Babylon, L.I., N.Y.; William P. Bixby, 
Box 364, Meadville, Pa.; Charles £. Broad, 53 Commonwealth 
Avenue, Chestnut Hill, Mass.; Walter S. Brown, Brimmer Cham- 
bers, Boston, Mass.; Henry A. BuflF, 23 Cheshire Street, Jamaica 
Plain, Mass.; Walter Bums, Doughty House, Millville, N.J.; 
Leonard T. Bushnell, 208 Columbia Street, Seattle, Wash.; C. A. 
Butman, Clark University, Worcester, Mass.; Robert Keep Qark, 

82 Michigan Avenue, Chicago, 111.; W. A. Clarke, 307 W. HoflF- 
man Street, Baltimore, Md.; Ed. M. Coffin, New England Bureau 
United Inspection, 71 Kilby Street, Boston, Mass.; Richard V. 
Collins, Good Roads Office, Weighlock Building, S)Tacuse, N.Y.; 
Gorham Crosby, 49 Wall Street, New York; Carroll C. Curtis, 
137 Milk Street, Boston; Carl E. Danforth, Bangor, Me.; Joseph 
Daniels, Lehigh University, South Bethlehem, Pa.; Philip G. Dar- 
ling, University Club, Bridgeport, Conn.; Roswell Davis, 106 Clin- 
ton Avenue, Newark, N.J.; Walter G. Eichler, 55 Jackson Street, 
Lawrence, Mass.; Frank S. Elliott, 313 Broad Street, Lynn, Mass.; 
Robert D. Farrington, 8 Exchange Place, Boston, Mass.; Andrew 
Fisher, 186 Lowell Street, Manchester, N.H.; Robert M. Folsom, 
Boston Consolidated Gas Company, Everett, Mass.; George Fuller, 

83 Adams Street, Rochester, N.Y.; R. S. Gardner, care of Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology, Boston; A. C. Gilbert, 254 Arling- 
ton Street, West Medford, Mass.; Luther Elmer Gilmore, Branford, 
Conn., P.O. Box 521; Fred W. Goldthwait, 115 Central Street, 
Peabody, Mass.; William S. Gouinlock, Warsaw, N.Y.; C. H, 
Graesser, Wallingford, Conn.; Fred W. Guilford, 205 Lincoln 
Street, Boston; Charles W. Hawkes, 79 Brook Street, Pawtucket, 
R.I.; Edgar Logan Hill, P.O. Box 553, Worcester, Mass.; T. E. 
Hinkley, 57 Deering Street, Portland, Me.; William G. House- 
keeper, 3508 Baring Street, Philadelphia, Pa.; Willis F. Harring- 
ton, Barksdale, Wis.; Charles H. Johnson, 176 Federal Street, 
Boston; Charles W. Johnston, Mina Reforma, C. Cienegas, Coah., 
Mexico; Gilman B. Joslin, 46 Burroughs Street, Jamaica Plain, 
Mass.; Henry H. W. Keith, C. & R. Department, Navy Yard, 
Washington, D.C.; H. W. Kenway, 19 George Street, Newton, 
Mass.; Maurice B. Landers, Patent Office, Washington, D.C.; 
C. Arthur Lord, 49 Westminster Street, Providence, R.I.; R. H. W. 
Lord, Gorham, Me.; J. S. Loughlin, 12 16 4th Avenue, Rock Island, 
111.; Roy F. Lovejoy, Lowell, Mass.; H. J. Macindre, 135 Marshall 
Street, Brooklyn, N.Y.; R. W. McLean, East Bridgewater, Mass.; 
Alden Merrill, 74 Litchfield Street, Torrington, Conn.; Robert W. 
Morse, 49 Holbrook Street, Jamaica Plain, Mass.; James C. Pease, 
Merrimac, Mass.; Grafton B. Perkins, 135 Columbus Avenue, 

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News from the Classes 299 

Boston; Goodale Perry, 141 Milk Street, Boston; Albert G. Pres- 
cott, 16 Whitman Street, Dorchester Centre, Mass.; F. B. Bailey, 
yy Rockview Street, Jamaica Plain, Mass.; Hallet R. Robbins, 
143 Liberty Street, New York; E. G. Schmeisser, 10 Bridge Street, 
New York; Samuel Seaver, Sullivan Machinery Company, Clare- 
mont, N.H.; W. E. Simpson, 310 Alamo National Bank Building, 
San Antonio, Tex.; Charles E. Smart, Greenfield, Mass.; William 
F. Smart, Lewiston, Me.; Edwin B. Snow, Jr., 1704 5th Avenue, 
Rock Island, 111.; W. L. Spalding, i Austin Street, BuflFalo, N.Y.; 
F. O. Sprague, rear 208 Summer Street, Boston; R. P. Stebbins^ 
862 South Street, Roslindale, Mass.; Samuel S. Stevens, 73 Grand 
Street, Newburg, N.Y.; Henry J. Stevenson, 41 Central Avenue, 
Waterbury, Conn.; G. S. Tower, Room 61, 31 Milk Street, Boston, 
Mass.; LeB. Turner, Geneva, 111.; Robert N. Turner, 50 State 
Street, Room 48, Boston; Waldso Turner, 1174 Frick Building, 
Annex, Pittsburg, Pa.; Maurice E. Weaver, 2501 Wisconsin Ave- 
nue, Washington, D.C.; Henry A. Wentworth, 160 India Street,. 
Boston; Miss Mildred Frances Wheeler, 23 Leyfred Terrace, Spring- 
field, Mass.; Horatio Whiting, 65 W. 104 Street, New York; Kil- 
bourn Whitman, Jr., Mt. Morris, N.Y.; James Whitmore, Lock 
Box 395, Sute (JoUege, Pa.; H. L. Whitney, Box 995, Beverly,. 
Mass.; Ellis G. Wood, Arlington, Mass.; E. Ernest Woodbury,. 
14 Emerson Avenue, Crafton, Pa. 

George F. Hobson, Acting Sec, 164 Holyrood Ave., Lowell, Mass. 

I. On the Part of the Secretary. 

Since January your secretary has devoted the greater part of 
his time to receiving class dues, paying bills and straightening up 
the financial affairs of the class, and now he has the pleasure of 
announcing the class to be entirely out of debt and to have a deposit 
of nearly I50 in the bank. While this is very encouraging, class- 
mates are urged to pay up their dues immediately, if they have not 
done so, since the expenses for the big reunion in June will necessa- 
rily be very large. In regard to the reunion, the outlook for a large 
delegation of 1906 men is splendid. The secretary has received 
a great number of letters from fellows all over the country, saying 
that they expect to be present upon this occasion. On March 3, 
1909, the executive council held a meeting, and decided that a com- 
mittee of five should be appointed to look after the interests of the 

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300 The Technology Review 

class during the time of the reunion. This committee will be ap- 
pointed very shortly. The executive council also appointed a nom- 
inating committee to nominate class officers for the coming year. 
The nominations are as follows: trustee of permanent fund, Stewart 
Coey and Percy Tillson (term expires in 1912); member of executive 
council, J. M. McKeman and G. F. Hobson (term expires in 1912); 
secretary, F. A. Benham and C. £• Tucker (term expires in 191 1); 
assistant secretary, R. J. Barber and S. L.Ware (term expires in 191 1). 
The attention of the class is called to Article VIII., Section i, 
of the constitution, which reads as follows: '^ Should ten or more 
members of the class v^h to nominate a candidate for office, they 
may forward name of said candidate, endorsed in writing by at 
least ten, to the nominating committee, who shall place name of 
candidate upon ballot.'' Nominations will be forwarded by the 
secretary to the nominating committee any time previous to April 
15, 1909. 

II. Class News and Letters. 

The secretary received a short note from £. P. Cutter, who is 
now located in Ensley, Ala. — ^M. T. Lightner is with the Chicago & 
Alton Railroad, Bloomington, 111. — ^E. D. McCain has gone into 
the real estate business in Allegheny, Pa., therefore it goes without 
saying that he is prospering splendidly. — Percy Tillson writes as 
follows: — 

The Philadelphia Club had a smoker on the 12th of December, and, of 
an attendance of twenty-five, eleven were 1906 men. How is that for 
the '06 Quakers ? 

— We also received a nice letter from W, £. H. Mathison vrith the 
follovring items of interest: — 

I became interested in the talc belt of northern New York, secured back- 
ing for the Uniform Fibrous Talc Company, and became a director and gen- 
eral manager. Our mine shaft runs down eighty feet in fine talc all the way 
from the surface, and insures a wonderful property. In the spring we are 
to build a concrete dam, a concrete mill run by electric power and hope to 
do business by August of this year. 

— W. F. Englis' new address is 2023 Land Title Building, Philadel- 
phia, Pa. — Fay Libbey writes that he is at the Old Vulture Mine, 
Wickensburg, Ariz., and is in a desert sixteen miles from a railroad^ 
but likes that very much. — ^''Pete" Barnes is still with the New 
York Board of Water Supply, but runs down to New York occasion- 
ally when the water supply runs low. — Laurence Blodgett says that 
he will surely be on for the big reunion, and we hope that many others 

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News from the Classes 301 

arc making similar plans. — ^"Dick" Beers' excuse for not attending 
the semi-annual dinner is hereby submitted. — 

Sorry that I can't be with you at the dinner^ but "my wife won't let me." 
Remember me to all the deck hands. 

— ^''Herb'* Whiting has succumbed to the attractions of the "Gay 
White Way/* and gone to New York with the Holophane Company. 
— ^"Dick** Polhemus writes that he is in charge of the mining work 
at Carthage, Mo., and is rooming with L. N. Bent. — ^'* Bunny" 
White writes that the Philadelphia bunch intends to send up a good 
delegation in June. — C. F. W. Wetterer writes from Dallas, Tex., 
that he has met several Tech men down there, but that they were 
not of 1906. — ^A. A. Turner bemoans the fact that he has got to 
usher in the New Year from the mounuins of Beatty, Nev. — " Kirk" 
Chase is now working for the American Smelting and Refining 
Company in Denver, Col. — Edwin Frank is abroad, and spent 
one evening with James Kane, who is studying in Paris. — ^" Jimmy" 
Banash sends the following news from the Windy City: — 

I attended the alumni reunion of the North-western Alumni Association 
of M. I. T. on Nov. 28, 1908, at the University Club. Johnny Hand was 
present with his orchestra, and we had a rather large time. I suppose 
you know that C. D. Richardson is in charge of our Pittsburg office, National 
Fire Protection Association. 

— J. F. Norton is teaching chemistry at the University High School 
in Chicago and at the same time studying for an advanced degree. 
"Bill" Lincoln writes that he is located on the Flathead Indian 
Reservation, where the United States government is lajring out 
irrigating systems for the noble jedman, who, he firmly believes, 
would rather that they should install a brewery. We believe that 
such an institution would meet with Bill's enthusiastic approval 
also. — Our last correspondent is Keleher, who is writing from Lima, 
Peru, which town has not had a rain-6torm for fourteen years. Kele- 
her writes, "Thank God, I am not selling umbrellas." — ^The class 
will be very sorry to learn of the death of George F. Hunt, and the 
following testimonial has been drawn up by the undersigned com- 
mittee: — 

Whereas, it has pleased God in his infinite wisdom and goodness to call 
from his place among us our beloved classmate, George F. Hunt, and whereas, 
through the death of our classmate, the Class of 1906 has sustained the loss 
of a most valued member and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology 
the loss of a most valued alumnus, be it 

Resolved, That die Qass of 1906 extend to the immediate family our heart- 

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302 The Technology Review 

felt sympathy and condolence in their bereavement, and be it further 
Resolvedy That a copy of these resolutions be sent to his immediate family, 
that a copy be put upon the class records, and that a copy be sent to The 
Technology Review for publication. (Signed) George £. Bumap, 
John J. Donovan, Charles A. Howard, Committee, Dated, Feb. i, 1909. 


Alexander Macomber, Sec.^ 83 Newbury Street, Boston, Mass. 
Bryant Nichols, Res. Sec.y 138 Fremont Avenue, Everett, Mass. 

I. General Notes. 

On the occasion of the annual alumni dinner, held in January at 
Horticultural Hall, *oy was well represented, and an evening of great 
enthusiasm was enjoyed. Those present from *o^ were Laurie 
Allen, Chase, Lee, Macpmber, MacGregor, Norton, Nichols, Wonson, 
Thayer, Walker, Woodward, Waters, Squire, and Tashjian. Just 
now preparations for '07's share in the big reunion this June are 
before us, and we expect to make this an occasion to be long remem- 
bered. Letters have already been sent out to the fellows, and a 
hearty response is hoped for. On March 6 the fellows in the vicin- 
ity of Boston got together for a dinner at the Union. Thirty-six 
men were on hand, and the guest of the evening vras L W. Litch- 
field ('85), editor of the Review. Mr. Litchfield gave us a char- 
acteristic talk about the plans for the All-Technology Celebration 
this June. After dinner informal discussion of plans for this event 
resulted in appointment, by President Robbins, of a reunion commit- 
tee, consisting of the secretaries and Laurie Allen, MacGregor, 
Charlie Allen, and Don Robbins. It was also decided to hold 
monthly dinners till June to hear the progress on the reunion plans. 
These will take place at the Hotel Marliave, Boston, on the first 
Fridays in the month. Any '07 man in town on that night is hereby 
warned to put in an appearance. At the suggestion of Mr. Litch- 
field a committee representing *oy was appointed to look up fellows 
considering a technical education, and put them in communication 
with the Institute. In this way Tech can secure as students select 
men, — the class of men who are going to amount to something in 
later years. This is but a small part in the campaign which is 
now being waged for a broader and greater Tech. If any one knows 
of fellows of this type who contemplate technical education, he 
is urged to communicate with the authorities. Later in the even- 
ing several of the fellows told their experiences during the past 

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News from the Classes 303 

year. Sam Marx's tale of his experiences abroad took the cake^ 
however, as one would naturally expect. 

II. Personal Notes, 

We have several more names to add to the benedict list. W. L 
Keeler v^s married on Feb. 23, 1909, to Miss Jane Augusta Johnson, 
of Maiden, Mass. — Ralph G. Hudson was also married during 
February, while news is received of the marriage of R. C. Ashenden 
(ex-*07), to Miss Grace Chadwick, of Newton Centre, Mass. — 
The engagement is announced of Miss Elsie Louise Fogg, of Chelsea, 
Mass., to Bryant Nichols. — ^The matter of the class baby has been 
receiving some attendon from your secretaries recently, and we be- 
lieve the honor falls to Oscar Starkweather, who is the proud father 
of Oscar Allen Surkweather, Jr., bom June 30, 1908. Stark always 
was a good example, and we oflFer him our congratulations. Bot- 
tom's up to "Surk, Jr.," M. I. T. '26 ( ?). — P. V. Dodge has resigned 
as class correspondent for the Pittsburg district, on account of 
his moving to Washington, and C. N. Draper, 40th and Butler 
Streets, has been appointed to the vacancy. — We note with pleasure 
the success and prominence of some '07 men: A. G. Labbe 
is secretary of the Technology Association of Oregon. — Hud 
Hastings, we hear, is making a name for himself at Bowdoin, wherb 
he has charge of the civil engineering course and in addidon has 
done some important work in bridge engineering. — R. A. Mardnez 
is in Havana as engineer in the sewer department. — £. M. Richard- 
son (ex-'o/), is with the automobile department of the American 
Locomotive Company, 1886 Broadway, New York. — John Evans 
is chief engineer of the Denver City Tramway Company, Denver, 
Col. — ^The following is clipped from the Wakefield (Mass.) Banner: — 

The friends of Donald Russ have been glad to welcome him to Wake- 
field this week. He is in this vicinity on a business trip in the interests of 
the recently organized company known as the Russ Manufacturing Com- 
pany. The company was incorporated in Delaware with a capital of 
f 100,000, and starts out with very bright prospects. Mr. Russ, a graduate 
of the Institute of Technology in the Class of '07, has shown himself to be 
possessed of 'much execudve ability as well as of unusual originality along 
the line of independent research and laboratory experiments. The output 
of the new manufactory is to be photo and food gelatines, concerning 
which Mr. Russ has made some very important discoveries. 

Changes in address: F. O. Adams, 849 Camp Street, New Orleans, 
La. — J. P. Alvey, Jr., 701 Ideal Building, Denver, Col. — R. Brig- 
ham, III I Park Building, Pittsburgh. — ^H. N. Burhans, 227 Mc- 

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304 The Technology Review 

Lennan Avenue, Syracuse, N.Y, — W, P. Coffin, 433 Walnut Street, 
Brooldine, Mass. — P. L. Cumings, 41 Atlantic Avenue, Fitchburg, 
Mass. — L. R. Davis, Kingston, Ohio. — ^V. H. Dickson, 306 South 
Jefferson Street, Peoria, III.— rS. G. Emilio, Dee, Ore. — ^J. T. Fallon, 
52 Broadway, New York. — J. H. Fellows, The Lincoln, Youngstown, 
Ohio.— R. F. Gale, 84 State Street, Boston.— H. R. Hall, 763 Broad- 
way, Somerville, Mass. — ^T. C. Keeling, care of Ponce Railway and 
Light Company, Ponce, Porto Rico. — P. F. Kennedy, 11 29 Hamil- 
ton Street, Spokane, Wash. — ^J. H. Link, Y. M. C. A., Akron, Ohio. 
— H. J. C. Macdonald, Box 130, Phoenix, B.C.— J. M. McMillin, 
care of Denver Gas and Electric Company, Denver. — ^H. W. Mahr, 
care Bowler Brothers' Brewery, Worcester, Mass. — Eugene Phelps, 
Meeteese, Wyo. — ^Allen Pope, 3025 15th Street, Washington, D.C. 
— D. E. Russ, 12 Hone Street, Oil City, Pa. — ^Tracy Smith, 20 
North Church Street, Schenectady, N.Y. — ^E. E. Workington, 24 
Plum Street, Portland, Ore., care of Portland Electric Company. 
— S. D. Wells, Mead Pulp and Paper Company, Chillicothe, 
Ohio. — E. F. Whitney, 104 Jay Street, Schenectady, N.Y. — 
A. G. Labbe, \^llamette Iron and Steel Works, Portland, Ore. — 
A. W. Hull, 131 33d Street, Newport News, Va. — R. E. Thayer, 
no Spring Street, Medford (at M. LT.) — B. F. Mills, Tacloban, 
Leyte, P.I. — C. W. Nutter, 3 Sturgis Street, Chelsea, Mass. — 
R. G. Kann, Pittsburg Plate Glass Company, Pittsburg, Pa. — 
C. J. Trauerman, Independent Steel and Wire Company, Pittsburg. 
— R. C. Albro, 683 Atlantic Avenue, Boston. — R. F. Gale, Cage, 
M. I. T., Boston. — H. W. Hill, treasurer Grip Coupling Company, 
Springfield, Mass. — R. G. Hudson, 83 Brattle Street, Cambridge. 
— C. A. Bowen, 43 Gates Street, Lowell, Mass. — A. E. Hartwell, 
64 West Rutland Square, Boston (at M. I. T. till June). — Dan C. 
Loomis, care of Confectionery Machinery Company, Spring- 
field, Mass. — C. R. Lamont, care Cumberland-Ely Copper Com- 
pany, Kimberly, Nev. — R. E. Key^, 91 Newbury Street, Boston. 
— ^W. F. Kimball, 15 Hillside Avenue, Medford, Mass. — John 
Mather, Fort Constitution, Portsmouth, N.H. — ^R. W. Parlin, 74 
Lincoln Avenue, Wollaston, Mass. — E. V. Potter, 157 Walnut 
Street, Somerville. — Sam A. Marx, 236 Newbury Street, Boston. — 
L. Wetmore, 15 Magazine Street, Cambridge, Mass. — Chester M. 
Butler, 36 Sherman Avenue, Glens Falls, N.Y. — O. L. Peabody, 
care of Forbes Lithograph Company, Revere, Mass. — R. G. Wood- 
bridge, Jr., care of E. I. du Pont Powder Company, Henry Qay 
P.O., Del.— F. R. Van der Stucken, care of McClintic Marshall 
Construction Company, Rankin, Pa. 

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News from the Classes 305 

III. Letters. 

W. I. Keeler writes under date of Januaiy 11. His address is 
158 High Street, Hartford, Conn. 

For the last year I have been with the General Electric G>mpany at their 
'Lynn plant as an assistant analytical chemist. Have just accepted an ad- 
vantageous position with the Haitford Laboratory Company, run by C. L. W. 
Pettee, '97. 

— K. W. Dyer wrote on Dec. 11, 1908, from Cromwell, Conn.. — 

I resigned my position with the Opaque Shade Qoth Company, Chi- 
cago, to come home, so that I might be here to welcome little Osborne Coe 
Dyer, a lusty ten-pounder, who arrived August 23. If he is not the first 
ton of the Class of '07, I would like to know who is, and his father and I 
can exchange congratuladons. He seemed to take a technical view of 
things, but as yet we have not decided which course he shall take at the 
old Insdtute. There is but little chemical acdvity in this immediate vicin- 
ity, so I am following agricultural pursuits at our home place. 

— ^H. L. Moody writes an interesting letter from United States 
Geological Survey, Pittsburg, Pa.: — 

Since November i I have been here with the survey. I am not in the 
chemical department of the work, but am with the engineers, and just at 
present am conducting a series of tests on some house-heating boilers. It 
is very interesting work, . . . and incidentally there is a grand experience 
to be obtained out of it. . . . January 16 the Pittsburg Association of M. 1. T. 
held a smoker, and got together a very enthusiastic bunch. They are plan- 
ning for a dinner soon. . . . You can bet your life I am coming back to the 
reunion in June. . . . 

— ^From England we have a line from Tresnon: — 

Thanksgiving Day^ 1908. — To-day is Thanksgiving Day, but I have 
not had my turkey yet (10 p.m.). The reason for this omission will be 
seen when you refer to my address (16 Gage Street, Lancaster, England). 
... I left Philadelphia on October 26 for home. I caimot tell of anything 
very exciting happening at present except to say that I am very busy work- 
ing with my father, mostly keeping houses in good repair. My plans for 
the future are not yet matured, but I expect to return to the States in the 
early spring. ... I shall make an effort to fix my plans, if possible, to be 
present in Boston in June, 1909. 

— ^From John Frank. — 

. . . We had a very successful alumni dinner out here on February 20. 
The new President made a very favorable impression. He looks like 
'''the goods." Ike Litchfield was one of the main attractions, of course. 
in speaking of die affairs at Tech, he said that several men were trying for 

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3o6 The Technology Review 

degrees of M.S. and Ph.D., and some of the coeds were trying for the 
degree of MAMA. [Laughter and applause.] The '07 men at the banquet 
were Naramore, Fred Schmidt, and myself. Schmidt came out here about 
a month ago. He is with Marshall Iff Fox, the architects, Chicago. ... I 
hope to be there in June. 

— From Draper: — 

. . . W. W. Kaman has been putting in some very strenuous work for 
Uncle Sam since last December. He has been gas analyst for the gas 
producer tests which are running night and day here. One week he works 
days, and the next week nights. He has taken a week off at present to 
recuperate, and incidentally to visit the inauguration at Washington. 

I met Trauerman last week, and he says he is general utility man, con- 
sulting engineer, etc., for the Independent Steel and Wire G>mpany of Pitts- 
burg, but is not crazy over the position, and expects to leave soon for 
Franklin Furnace, N.J. Since leaving Tech, he has been a globe-trotter, 
Mexico, Arizona, G>lorado and G>balt being some of his favorite haunts* 
H. L. Moody is another strong government worker. He is running sixteen 
hour boiler tests on various boilers with different grades of coal, and seems 
to be enjoying himself in his profession. He has a cosey little apartment 
where he spends all of his evenings, and tries to forget he is living in the land 
of smoke and soot. S. R. Miller is a hustling travelling salesman, and is 
flitting all over the eastern United States, and having a fine time. He 
meets a great many '07 men in his travels. Van der Stucken has left Potts- 
town, Pa., and is now with Roby with McOintic Marshall Construction 
Company at Rankin, Pa. 

— ^A letter from Dick Woodbridgc states he is with the du Pont 
Powder Company as research chemist in the smokeless powder 
department. He has already earned the nom de plume of '' Smoke- 
less Dick, the cellulose king.'* He is at their plant at Henry Clay 
P.O., Del., and likes it very much. The girls there are super- 
fine, he writes, and as a mind-broadener they occupy three-quarters 
of his time. 


John T. Tobin, Sec, 162 Duke Street, Norfolk, Va. 
Rudolph B. Weiler, Res. Sec, 26 Brooks Street, Brighton, Mass. 

The class committee on arrangements for the reunion in June 
had its first meering on March 4. Gerrish, Osborne, Rapelye, Reid 
and Weiler were present. In the undecided state of the program 
for the three days of the reunion it was impossible to do any defi- 
nite planning. The committee elected Rapelye chairman, and ad- 

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News from the Classes 307 

joumed to meet again as soon as the main committee had decided 
upon definite plans for the various reunion exercises. The 
following have been elected to the supervising committee, as ex- 
plained in the January Review: J. T. Tobin, J. W. Maxwell, A. G. 
Place. The cuts in the Senior Portfolio are now ready for distri- 
bution, and will be mailed on receipt of fifty cents to Harry Webb, 
M. I. T., or the resident secretary. The annual dues of one dollar 
are not coming in very fast. If you have not already done so, please 
remit the "bone" to the resident secretary. — ^"Sam" Daddow was 
married February 13 to Miss Mary Isabel Davenport, of Spruce Hill, 
Pa. They will be at home after the 15th of April at 933 Pear Street, 
Reading, Pa. — ^The engagement is announced of Miss Florence 
Cole to Arthur E. Bremer. This is the result of Arthur's studying 
structures at Fred Cole's house last winter. — ^"Clif" Cochrane 
has left the International Paper Company, and is now with the 
Factory Mutual Fire Insurance Company, 31 Milk Street, Boston. 
— ^A. W. Heath has left Pierce & Barnes, and is now with Stone & 
Webster, Boston. — J. G. Reid is with the Stone & Webster Man- 
agement Association. — E. F. L)^ord is back in town since the expi- 
ration of his three months' contract with the J. B. Laws Company 
of Louisiana. — Edward Kloberg is with the Board of Water Supply, 
City of New York, 299 Broadway, home address 452 East 179th 
Street. — H. J. Noble was in town last month. He has completed 
his course at Cornell, and will receive his degree in June. Address 
325 Fenn Street, Pittsfield, Mass. — "Bunny" Ames has gone to 
Buenos Ayres, Argentine Republic. — Bond has left the Stanley Com- 
pany, and is in the Forestry Service (Wood Preservation), United 
States Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. — ^"Jim" 
Burch is with Farley & Loetscher Manufacturing Company, Du- 
buque, la. — D. W. Clark is with the Sullivan Machinery Company, 
Claremont, N.H. — H. L. Burgess and O. S. Jennings have returned 
as assistants in electrical engineering. — ^E. G. Genoud, Jagon Strasse 
2, Berlin, N.W. 87, Germany. — Masanao Yendo, Reichstrasse 16, 
Dresden, Sach., Germany. — H. W. Hoole, 234^ 17th Street, Mil- 
waukee, Wis. — C. S. Colson, 36 East 28th Street, New York City. — 
B. G. Fogg, Box 3 13, State CoU^, Pa.—G. A. Abbot, North Dakota 
Agricultural College, Fargo, No. Dak. — R. A. Angus, 161 West 
105th Street, New York, N.Y.— R. B. Arnold, care of Kentucky 
Tobacco Product Company, Richmond, Va. — Warren S. Baker, 
Adirondack Cottage, Saranac Lake, N.Y. — ^W. J. E. Barcus, Gar- 
field Smelter, Garfield, Utah. — C. C. Barker, 136 1 Osgood Street, 
North Andover, Mass. — P. B. Barrett, 54 Lothrop Street, Beverly, 
Mass. — C. J. Carter, 6 Pine Street, Orono, Me. — R, C. Caryl, 

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3o8 The Technology Review 

Pearl Street^ Bridgewater^ Mass. — J. H. Caton, 3dy Malalos, Bu- 
lacaiiy Philippine Islands. — J. C. Childs, 4002 Highland Avenue, 
Kansas City, Mo. — F. S. Cram, S, A. E. House, Orono, Me. — J. F. 
Curran, Pond Street, Nahant, Mass. — S. L. Davidson, Jr., 1326 
Lawrence Avenue, Wichita, Kan. — W. F. Davis« Room 609, loi 
Milk Street, Boston, Mass. — D. Dickinson, Jr., 1806 R Street, N.W., 
Washington, D.C.— C. J. Dore, 40 Howland Street, Boston, Mass. 
— ^A. H. Dows, 136 Smith Street, Lowell, Mass. — L. K. Ferry, 104 
Howard Street, Pittsfield, Mass. — L. S. Gerould, 512 Rebecca 
Avenue, Wilkinsburg, Pa. — B. L. Gimson, 20 Glebe Street, Leices- 
ter, England. — ^Jose Gomez, Bureau of Agriculture, Manila, P.L — 
L. F. C. Haas, 41 East Orange Street, Lancaster, Pa. — ^N. L. Ham- 
mond, East Walpole, Mass. — ^M. C. Hayes, Lewisburg, Pa. — ^I. G. 
Hersey, Box G, Hingham, Mass. — C. L. Hussey, 312^ Blackstone 
Street, Providence, R.L — ^Russell T. Hyde, 26 Rue de Fleurus, 
Paris, France. — ^A. T. Kolatschevsky, Ex-Palazza Reale, Portici 
Presso, Napoli, luly. — ^J. F. Leary, 120 Merrimac Street, Newbury- 
port, Mass. — Charles L. Lufkin, Central Aquirre, Porto Rico. — ^J. 
W.Maxwell, Box 1445, Bisbee,Ariz. — E.W. Moreland, care of D. C. 
& W. B. Jackson, 84 State Street, Boston. — ^W. A. Morris, 204 
East Main Street, Connellsville, Pa. — C. W. Morrison, 80 Florence 
Avenue, Revere, Mass. — G. A. Murfey, Altadena, Cal. — G. H. 
Pierce, 1605 W. Congress Street, Chicago, 111. — P. R. Powell, Loomis 
Manning File Company, 828 Land Title Building. Philadelphia, 
Pa. — E. M. Price, 315 East loth Street, Kansas City, Mo. — ^H. M. 
Richards, care of Mather & Co., 51 Wall Street, New York, N.Y. 
— Max Rohde, 529 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, Md. — ^H. S. 
Sargent, 127 Prospect Avenue, Revere, Mass. — ^E. J. Scott, i Cush- 
ing Street, Lowell, Mass. — ^H. R. Sewell, Electric Light and Power 
Company, Galveston, Tex. — S. T. Silverman, iii Aisquith Street, 
Baltimore, Md. — ^A. C. Sloss, Jr., care of Stone & Webster, Boston. 
— C. H. Spiehler, 255 West 92d Street, New York, N.Y. — L. S. 
Stone, 59 Fort Avenue, Roxbury, Mass. — ^E. C. Story, 10 Cypress 
Place, Lynn, Mass. — ^J. R. Tabor, Binz Building, Houston, Tex. — 
F. E. Towle, 91 Vernon Street, Waltham, Mass. — W. A. Tracy, 
South Coventry, Conn. — ^H. E. Walker, 1 105-6 Stock Exchange 
Building, Chicago, 111. — J. W. Wattles, Canton Junction, Mass. — 
L. S. Weeks, 72 Granville Avenue, Maiden, Mass. — George D. 
Whittle, chief engineer's office, M. K. & T. Railway, Dallas, Tex. 
— ^V. C. Blackwell, Technology Chambers, Boston, Mass. — ^Miss 
Louise M. Bosworth, 2 Acorn Street, Boston, Mass. — ^E. I. Williams 
has won the three-year travelling scholarship in architecture, the 
Prize of Rome. A detailed account will be found elsewhere in the 

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News from the Classes 309 

Review. — ^Al Place is in Seattle, Wash., 510 9th Avenue. He is 
with the Seattle Electric Company. He writes:— 

They hustle in this burg worse than they do in New York. It's "bing," 
and you're off in the morning, and then "thump," and you hit the pillow 
at night. 

— ^** Spike" McGuigan writes, "Since escaping from the institution 
for the alleviation of adolescent ignorami and three et ceteras, I 
have been accepting money from the Michigan Central." He says 
that Mort Burroughs, Mike Dennedy and George R. Cooke are in 
Detroit. Tommy Orr is out in Kansas City, working for J. A. 
Waddell, a big bridge engineer. — George Glover is at Lima, 
Ohio, working for the Shea Locomotive Company. — Bowman writes 
from Chicago: — 

While I haven't very much to say, I shall tiy to get that out of my system. 
There are still a few of us '08 fellows in Chicago. C. C. Kinsman, who was 
with the Metropolitan Elevated Railway Company, has resigned and gone 
to Decatur, 111. I think he is now with a car truck manufacturing com- 
pany. George H. Pierce is with the Metropolitan Elevated. He was 
married Christmas, and is now keeping house on the West Side. L. B. 
Hedge also is one of those who has concluded that Chicago is too large a 
city to be conducive to the happiness of a single man* His bachelor days 
ended Januaiy 18. R. W. Davis came through here December 20. He 
was looking well. Looks like the Ohio River water of Cincinnati was agree- 
ing with him. Davis is in the Bullock factoiy of the Allis-Chalmers Com- 
pany there. 

I was unable to attend the annual dinner of the North-western Alumni 
Association, Febniaiy ao. 

My own past is soon told. I am still in the engineering department of 
the Commonwealth Edison Company, 139 Adams Street. 

With best wishes, D. Bowman, 

437 East 61 St Street. 

— ^The following is a clipping from the Oasis (Nogales, Ariz.) of 
Dec. 5, 1908: — 

Last Wednesday morning, the ad inst., Mr. Ygnacio Saffbrd Bonillas, 
of Nogales, Sonora, took his departure for the City of Mexico to fill an 
engagement with the Mexican government in the Corps of Engineers of 
the Geological Survey of the Republic, carried on under the direction of 
the Geological Institute of Mexico, whose director is the eminent geologist, 
Don Jose G. Auilera. 

Mr. Bonillas graduated last June in the Mining Engineering Course at 
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Boston, and at the time he 
was called to Mexico he was engaged in making a geological study of the 
Twin Buttes region, with the view of presenting a thesis to the faculty 

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31 o The Technology Review 

of the University of Arizona for his Master of Science degree. This work, 
though interrupted for the present^ will he reassumed by Mr. Bonillas at 
some future time. 

The Oasis bespeaks for Mr. Bonillas a successful career in the sci- 
entific field which he is just entering. — From The Tech of March 
I, 1909^- 

Charles A. Gibbons ('08), who since his graduadon has been an assist- 
ant in the Mining Engineering Department, left Thursday for Kelvin, Ariz., 
where he is to enter die employ of a large mining company. 

— From The Tech of March 3, 1909: "The engagement is an- 
nounced of William Durant Milne ('08), to Loraa MacLean, 
WeUesley, '08/' 

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The Technology Review 

You XL JULY, 1909 No. 3 


Occasion brings together a Notable Assemblage — ^High Ideals 
of Technology lauded by Speakers— The New President 
is cheered to the Echo 

Richard Cockbum Maclaurin, M.A., LL.D., Sc.D., was formally 
inaugurated to the presidency of the Institute on the morning of 
June y before a distinguished gathering at Symphony Hall. 

The occasion was a most impressive one, Dr. Maclaurin being 
given the welcome of the Commonwealth, Harvard University, 
the Q>rporation of the Institute, the Faculty and the Alumni. Long 
before the time set for the ceremony the hall was filled with hundreds 
of distinguished guests and sons and daughters of Technology, 
young and old. The Faculty sat at the front in the central sec- 
tion of the hall. Behind them was seated a chorus of former glee- 
club men to lead in the singing of the inaugural ode. The entire 
senior class attended, with twenty-five representatives from each 
of the other classes, while the alumni were seated around the out- 
side of the hall, grouped about their class banners. 

Frederick P. Fish, of the Corporation, presided. With him upon 
the platform were seated the speakers, — ^Dr. Arthur A. Noyes, Dr. 
Henry S. Pritchett, Right Rev. Bishop Lawrence, President Mac- 
laurin, Governor Eben S. Draper, Ambassador James Bryce, Presi- 
dent Lowell, of Harvard, and James P. Munroe, together with 
members of the Corporation and the committee and most of the 
following invited guests: Dean Gardner C. Anthony, of Tufts 
College; Dean Sarah L. Arnold, of Simmons College, Boston; 
Dr. Fred W. Atkinson, of Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute; Dn 

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312 The Technology Review 

William G. Ballantine, of Indiana University; Professor Carl 
Barus, of Brown University; Francis Bartlett, trustee Museum of 
Fine Arts, Boston; President Hill McQelland Bell, Drake Uni- 
versity, Des Moines, la.; Colonel Josiah H. Benton, Boston Public 
Library; C. H. Blackall, University of Illinois; President Matthew 
Henry Buckham, University of Vermont; President Kenyon Leech 
Butterfield, Massachusetts Agricultural College; Thomas N. 
Carver, American Economic Association; Rev. George Colby 
Chase, Bates College; Professor John Mason Clarke, Geological 
Society of America; Dean Mortimer E. Cooley, University of 
Michigan; Ralph Adams Cram, American Institute of Architects, 
New York; Rev. Charles Fletcher Dole, Twentieth Century Club; 
President Howard Edwards, of Rhode Island College of Agricult- 
ure and Mechanical Arts; Samuel J. Elder, president Yale Alumni 
Association; President Edmund Arthur Engler, of Worcester 
Polytechnic Institute; Hon. William Everett; President William 
H. P. Faunce, of Brown University; Worthington C. Ford, Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society; President Harry A. Garfield, of Will- 
iams College; President William D. Gibbs, New Hampshire Col- 
lege of Agriculture and Mechanical Arts; Dean Frederick A. 
Goetze, of Columbia University; Mr. Morris Gray, Museum of 
Fine Arts; President Arthur T. Hadley, of Yale University; Pro- 
fessor Edwin H. Hall, Johns Hopkins University; Dr. William 
Hallock, delegate Columbia University; President Frederick W. 
Hamilton, of Tufts College; Professor Paul H. Hanus, chairman 
of the Committee on Industrial Education; President George 
Harris, of Amherst College; Provost Charles C. Harrison, Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania; President Caroline Hazard, of Wellesley 
College; Major Henry Lee Higginson, Boston; Albert R. Hill, 
president of University of Missouri; Professor John E. Hill, of 
Brown University; Dean George Hodges, of Episcopal Theologi- 
cal School, Cambridge; Professor Ira N. Hollis, of Harvard; 
President Charles S. Howe, of Case School of Applied Science, 
Cleveland, Ohio; Alexander C. Humphreys, President Stevens 
Institute of Technology; President William E. Huntington, of 
Boston University; Dean Byron S. Hurlbut, of Harvard; Dean 

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The Inauguration of Dr. Maclaurin 313 

Agnes Irwin, of RadclifFe College; President Harry P. Judsoh, 
University of Chicago; Dr. Arthur Edwin Kennelly, delegate of 
Harvard College; Dean George W. Kirchwey, of Columbia Law 
School; Mr. Gardner M. Lane, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; 
President Henry Lefavour, Simmons College; Professor John K. 
Lord, of Dartmouth College; President Flavel S. Luther, Trinity 
College; Professor Frank P. McKibben, delegate Lehigh Uni- 
versity; President George E. MacLean, of State University of 
Iowa; Dr. Alexander Mann; Professor Charles S. Minot, of Har- 
vard Medical School; Professor Herbert R. Moody, delegate 
College of the City of New York; Secretary Nagel, Department 
of Commerce; Professor W. J. Newlin, of Amherst College; Pro- 
fessor Ernest F. Nichols, of Columbia University; Professor Will- 
iam F. Osgood, American Mathematical Society; Professor Charles 
L. Parsons, American Chemical Society; Dean Ellen F. Pendleton, 
of Wellesley College; Professor Charles A. Perkins, of University 
of Tennessee; Dr. William Peterson, of McGill University; Profes- 
sor Alfred E. Phillips, Armour Institute of Technology; Professor 
Edward C. Pickering, of the Astronomical and Astrophysical So- 
ciety of America; Professor Michael I. Pupin, of Columbia Uni- 
versity; Mr. Calvin W. Rice, of American Society of Mechanical 
Engineers; President William N. Rice, of Wesleyan University; 
Professor C. R. Richards, educator. New York; President Palmer 
C. Ricketts, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute; Professor Charlotte 
E. Roberts, Wellesley College; Dr. Denman W. Ross, Museum of 
Fine Arts; President Bernard J. Rothwell, Boston Chamber of 
Commerce; Professor George F. Sever, of Columbia University; 
Professor Francis H. Smith, University of Virginia, Charlottes- 
ville, Va.; Professor Herbert W. Smyth, representing the American 
Philosophical Society; Hon. Louis Southard, Univei:sity of Maine 
Law School; Miss Marion Talbot, delegate of the University of 
Chicago; Professor Crawford H. Toy, representing University of 
Virginia; Professor Royal L. Wales, of the Rhode Island State 
College; Professor John A. Walz, Northwestern University; 
Worcester R. Warner, representing the Society of Mechanical 
Engineers; Professor Arthur G. Webster, of Clark University; 

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314 The Technology Review 

Dean Andrew F. West, of Princeton University; Professor Sarah 
Frances Whiting, of Wellesley College; James E. Whitney, of the 
Wheelwright Sciendfic School, Boston; Mr. Arthur L. Williston, of 
the Society for the Promotion of Engineering Educadon; Albert 
P. Wills, University of Chicago; John W. Winder, Wheelwright 
Scientific School; Professor Charles Zueblin, of University of 
Chicago; Admiral William Swift; George I. Aldrich, State Board of 
Educadon; Stratton D. Brooks, superintendent of schools, 
Boston; Louis A. Frothingham, lieutenant governor; Mayor 
George A. Hibbard; George H. Lyman; Joseph F. O'Connell; 
Hon. W. M. Olin; Abraham Shuman; Naval Constructor Elliot 
Snow; Henry H. Sprague; Hon. Charles Q. Tirrell; Allen T. 
Treadway; Horace G. Wadlin; Hon. Henry D. Yerxa, chairman of 
the Charles River Basin Commission; Rear-Admiral Francis T. 
Bowles; George G. Crocker, chairman Boston Transit Commis- 
sion; W. B. de las Casas; Rev. James De Normandie; Frederick C. 
Dumaine; Charles L. Edgar; Samuel A. Eliot; Rev. Paul Revere 
Frothingham; Rev. George A. Gordon; Major-General Adolphus 
W. Greely; Professor Alexander Macalister; Bishop Willard F. 
Mallalieu; Dr. Edward W. Morley; Dr. Edward S. Morse; 
Frederick P. Steams; Professor James M. Crafts, ex-president 
M. L T.; Edmund H. Hewins; Professor James F. Norris, Sim- 
mons College; Professor Robert H. Richards; Dr. C. J. H. 
Woodbury, New England Cotton Manufacturer's Association. 

The speakers and many of the guests upon the platform wore 
their academic gowns. 

Before every address the sons of Technology in the audience 
rose and gave the regular M. L T. cheer for the speaker to follow. 
The applause and cheering for former President Pritchett and Act- 
ing President Noyes were loud and long. Following the formal 
announcement by Mr. Fish of the elecdon of Dr. Maclaurin to the 
presidency of the Institute, a mighty Tech cheer rose, and increased 
in volume to a deafening roar with "nine long Maclaurins" on 
the end, and the applause was continuous for some minutes. 

An organ prelude, Bach's Toccata and Fugue in D minor, was 
played by Wallace Goodrich. 

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The Inauguration of Dr. Maclaurin 315 

Preceding President Maclaurin's inaugural address, an ode to 
the tune of "Sicily/' "The Institute," was impressively sung by 
the whole body standing. The ode follows. — 

Founded on the rock of knowledge, 
Planned with wisdom, wrought with care, 

Rose our citadel of learning. 
Rich in promise, strong and fair. 

Wide its portals, broad the outlook, 
From its towers, through earth and sky; 

In its halls are all men welcome 
Who would nature's laws apply. 

Loyal service, fruitful eflFort, 

Zeal to search and know the truth, — 
These the watchwords of the wardens, 

These the goals pursued by youth. 

Praise and honor to the founder. 

And to those whose course is run; 
Their example as a halo 

Crowns the work so well begun. 

We, the living, pledge our effort 

To transcend the radiant past, 
Ever faidiful to the standard. 

To the promise holding fast. 

Bishop Lawrence opened the exercises with a prayer. 

The Formal Announcement 

Frederick P. Fish of the Corporation, who presided, said that the 
occasion was a notable one, and should be observed with a fitting 
ceremony, and no ceremony could be more impressive than such 
a gathering as this. 

The alumni, the students, the Faculty, the Corporation, are all repre- 
sented; but we have also a group of great educators, every one of whom 

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is interested in the success of this institution, and we have also the great pub- 
lic, for whose benefit this institution and all others are here represented. On 
Jan. 26, 1865, William Barton Rogers made this entry in his diary: "School 
opened today with fifteen students. May not this be the beginning of 
a great institution ?" Who shall say that the institution was not then full- 
fledged ? The ideal, the standard, esublished that day has led to the estab- 
lishment of many other institutions of the kind begun in Boston that day, and 
other institutions have come to modify their courses of study to their benefit. 
There are other types of education of great value, but ours has proved that 
it has a field of the utmost Importance. The measure of advance of an 
institution of this kind is the succession of its presidents. A new one has 
now been taken to carry on our great work. His course, his ability, are 
clear. He must remember that this institution, however old, must be youth- 
ful forever. The great changes taking place in the world today must be 
reflected by changes which give its students the kind of education they 
require. This institution has kept its youth. It may fairly be said to be 
abreast of the arts, of the needs of the time. The new President must foster 
this everbsting youth, — a. man of sound scholarship, with wide experience 
of the world, wide knowledge of human nature, winning the confidence 
of the students and the public. These duties are of a high order, but we 
believe we have found the man, and it gives me great pleasure to notify you 
that we have selected Richard Cockbum Macburin, A.M., LL.D., Sc.D., as 
President of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. [Prolonged ap- 
plause.] I do not go too far to say, without any further authority, that 
all here and all we represent pledge you. President Madaurin, our loyal 

This was followed by another outburst of applause, and then the 
seniors rose in a body and gave the college cheer. 

Greeting from the Commonwealth 

Governor Draper was greeted with prolonged and enthusiastic 
applause, which was renewed as he finished his address, which 
dealt with the relations of the Commonwealth to the Institute. He 
said: — 

Mr, President, Ladies and Gentlemen, — It is fitting that the Governor 
of the Commonwealth should take a brief part in these exercises. The 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, which started within the memory 

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The Inauguration of Dr. Maclaurin 317 

of many people here present, has grown from its small beginnings into 
a great educational institution, probably the greatest technical educational 
institution in the United States today. 

The growth and influence of the Institute has kept pace with that of the 
nation. It has supplied to a very large number of men an education that 
was earnestly longed for and acquired only by hard work and conscientious 
attention to duty. It has been one of the pioneers in technical education 
in this country, which, since its inception, has spread rapidly in eveiy sec- 
tion of the United States, and is now advancing and spreading more rap- 
idly than at any previous time. 

It has had able men for president, and their names have been properly 
associated with those of the great educators of the nation. 

As an institution, it has had the discipline of trial and tribulation and the 
joy of great success. It has a permanent pbce in the great educational 
field of the State and nation, but its trials are not over, and the successes 
which will come to it in the future will only be brought about by the earnest 
efforts of able men. 

At the present time there are great difficulties to be overcome to care for 
its future development. It is handicapped by lack of room and money, 
and its friends should see in the near future that both these limitations 
are removed. 

In becoming President of this great institution, Dr. Maclaurin has no 
holiday task. The problems to be dealt with are large, the responsibility 
is great, the results which may be achieved are greater. The Common- 
wealth of Massachusetts is intimately connected with this Institute of Tech- 
nology. It makes an annual contribution for its support, and it has the 
right to furnish a certain number of students because of the help rendered. 

There is no cause dearer to the people of Massachusetts than that of 
education. They are proud of the past of the Institute of Technology, 
and believe in its future. It is, therefore, most proper that the Governor 
of the Commonwealth should be here in his official capacity today to extend 
the right hand of fellowship to the new President of this great institution, 
and to wish him success and prosperity, not merely on his own account, * 
but beyond that for the great benefit a successful administration by him 
of his great responsibility will be to the people of this State and nation. 
He comes here with a distinguished record of past achievement. May 
his work here entitle him to the congratulations of all the people for a great 
work well done! 

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Ex-Piesiclent Piitchett Speaks 

Ex-President Piitchett said that from his position he could only 
speak of his belief in the sincerity and the effectiveness of the edu- 
cation for which Technology stands. Few reasons justify the pres- 
ident of one of our great colleges in surrendering his work while 
health and strength last. Personally, he was influenced in giving 
up his posidon by the idea that the Carnegie Foundation gave an 
unusual opportunity to deal with higher education from a new point 
of view. G>ntinuing, he said. — 

I take peculiar pleasure today in the fact that the leadership in this work 
of the Institute of Technology has fallen into the hands of a strong, broad- 
minded, and able scholar, a man who has known education in many phases, 
who has known men in many lands, who has had to do not only with sci- 
ence, but with art and literature and law; and diese things are not separate 
and distinct things, but are all parts of the same thing. He has had a prep- 
aration worthy of one who is to succeed William Barton Rogers, and his 
career carries with it some suggestions of the steps by which that great 
man came to his eminence and to his usefulness. I congratulate the In- 
stitute of Technology on such a President. 

Let me say one word of congratulation to him concerning the institution 
to which he comes, for no man can know an institution in quite the same 
way as he who has sought for six or seven 3rears to deal with its government, 
its faculty, its alumni, its students. 

You find here, Mr. President, in the government of this institution a 
body of men as alert, as devoted, and as able as this country can offer. I 
myself came to Boston, as you came, a stranger in one sense, bom in a dis- 
tant western State as you were bom in a not much more distant eastern 
countiy. I came with something of the prejudice and the feeling concern- 
ing the city of Boston which the newspaper comment so constantly reflects. 
I left at the end of seven years with an affection for Boston so hearty and 
so sincere that there is no other place in our country in which I should so 
gladly spend the rest of my days, and it will always remain to me more the 
home place dian any odier. The men who make Boston what it is are 
the men who are on your Corporation. 

You will find in the Faculty of this institution one of the most able, high- 
minded, and devoted bodies of teachers which this countiy knows, — men 
who will give you resolutely and heartily their service as teachers and as 

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The Inauguration of Dr. Maclaurin 319 

officers. You will find also a body of alumni devoted to the Institute, 
to its service, and to its future. From them you may expect confidently 
sincere and hearty support. As to the student body, — and I find it diffi- 
cult to speak of die student body without some feeling, — as to the great 
body of undergraduates, ever disappearing, ever being renewed, gathered 
from every State and from very many foreign countries, these make up 
the composite American youth, — a youth of high purpose, of true devo- 
tion, of hearty comradeship. To be associated with this body of students, 
to know them day by day, to join in their social gatherings, in their sports, 
and in their work, is the greatest pleasure which can come to any college 
president. I envy you this more than any other thing that is to come to 
you in your presidency, and it is the loss of this which I have felt more than 
any other one thing in leaving die Institute of Technology. I meet in 
my present situation month by mondi and year by year, in a temporary 
and casual way, the student bodies of many colleges and of many univer- 
sides all over English-speaking North America. The experience is a most 
interesting and illuminating one, but it does not supply in one's life die 
intimacy between a college president and his own student body. I com- 
mend to joUf Mr. President, the friendship and die comradeship of die 
students of Technology. 

Guardian of Technology Spirit 

James P. Munroe, former president of the Alumni Association 
extended the welcome of the alumni to the new President, saying in 
part: — 

In the forty-one years since die first class at die Insutute was gradu- 
ated, electricity, chemistry, the gases and mysterious ethers have revolu- 
tionized the arts, die industries, the professions, life and thought itself. 
Primarily agricultural, we have become in that time leaders in manufact- 
uring. We have begun to make real use of our original vast territory and 
to explore immense new possessions in the Far North-west. Through 
commerce, invention, wealth, travel, education, through bitter political 
trials and hig^ moral experiences, we have found ourselves as a people, and 
have taken our seat among the great nations of the earth. 

In this amazing growth, during this most significant of generations, the 
Institute of Technology has taken an active and a leading part. Local 
in her origin, she has become a national name and influence. A pioneer 
in laboratory teaching, she has been largely concerned in the readjustment 

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of all education. Herself painfully poor, she has added, through her chil- 
dren, uncounted millions to the riches of the world. Those children have 
found and wrought meuls; have fashioned them into railways, steam- 
ships, bridges, buildings and machines; have conceived new processes of 
industry and have perfected old ones; have guarded and preserved the 
public health; have solved riddle after riddle of the sphinx of nature; have 
applied those solutions to the expanding needs of daily life; and, above all, 
have given high and unselfish service as citizens and men. 

This they have done through no inherent or individual virtue. They 
have succeeded, materially and morally, because the pursuit of science 
compels devotion to certain fundamental things, and because this Insti- 
tute of Technology has held herself true and has held her children true to 
those high ideals of education and of life. 

It is superfluous to enumerate those ideals, it would be impertinent to try 
to define a quality so elusive as the Technology spirit which they have pro- 
duced. That spirit is behind this week's reunion, is the power which, 
scattered as we alumni are, welds us together in real brotherhood, is the 
force that, if kept active, will always hold the Institute first among great 
equals in the work she has to do. 

Then, turning to President Maclaurin, he said: — 

Of this Technology spirit you, sir, are the appointed guardian. The 
Institute Corporation, under state authority, gives you today certain defi- 
nite powers and responsibilities. With no less solemnity and with hardly 
less authority, we of the alumni place at the same time in your keeping 
this intangible force which, we believe, is the essential soul of Technology. 
This spirit has a noble lineage. Breathed into the institution by its match- 
less founder, William Barton Rogers, fostered by the great traditions of 
this G>mmonwealth, nurtured by the devodon of such a body of teachers 
as few other colleges have ever known, maintained by the actual life-blood 
of Francis Walker and by the kindred sacrifices of a long line of splendid 
leaders, the Technology spirit permeates today not only the Institute it- 
self, but also the very fibre of her ten thousand sons. 

These sons are still young, three-fourths of them too young to bring 
to the Alma Mater great sums of money or the cautious conservatism of 
well-ripened years. But they come with contributions vital at the present 
time. They bring, for example, the visions of young men. They see an 
Institute of Technology placed on an ample campus, with harmonious 
buildings adequate in size and in equipment. They see those buildings 

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The Inauguration of Dr. Maclaurin 321 

used for teaching day and night throughout the year. They see therein 
complete research departments adding to the treasures of science and at the 
same time placing that knowledge at the service of the State. They see 
the grave social problems of student life properly provided for. And be- 
neath this new Technology they perceive, unchanged, those corner-stones 
of ordered seriousness, of quiet self-effacement, of scholarly breadth and 
of unflinching truth which its great builders have from the beginning laid. 

To help you and your colleagues make these visions real, those sons bring 
also vigor, enthusiasm, world-wide experience of modem industrial needs 
and the force of numbers working intelligently towards a common end. 
Above all, they bring to you that loyalty which, like patriotism to a nation, 
is the most precious possession of a university. Whether as members of 
a Corporation which is an example of unselfish service, whether as mem- 
bers of a Faculty ii^ich by labors and sacrifices that it alone can know 
has kept the standards high and true, whether in the north, south, east 
or west, in Europe, Asia or the islands of the sea, those past students come, 
like the Scottish clans of old, bringing whole-heartedly to their chieftain 
fealty to him as their leader, profound and undying devotion to the cause 
in which he leads. 

Greetings from Harvard 

President A. Lawrence Lowell, of Harvard, was greeted with 
applause, culminating in the M. L T. cheer, ending with "Lowell! 
Lowell! Lowell!" President Lowell said that within a radius of 
a few miles of this spot are a million people. The natural resources 
of New England are small compared with some other sections. 

And yet [he said] I believe it would be hard to find any other spot in the 
whole world where the comfort and the standard of living are so high. 
Our success has been due to the intellectual and moral education of our 
people. It is with reason, therefore, that we can speak of education 
as our most important industry. The achievements of the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology have been great, — greater even than the public 
is aware. Not only does the Institute each year send out its young men 
to place their skilled services at the disposal of the world, but the number 
of her Faculty have constantly — and often without remuneration — been 
solving problems which contribute materially to our welfare and the prog- 
ress of the world. Absorbed in their work, the modesty of the professors 

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322 The Technology Review 

has in a measure obscured the reputation of the institution of which they 
form a part. Higher education is of necessity unselfish, and it is well that 
it is so. Education is twice blessed. It is fitting that Technology'^ new 
President should apply here the education which he has taught in two 
countries and acquired in a third. It is my privilege to give to you, sir 
[turning to President Maclaurin], the greetings of the university across the 
river. [Applause.] We extend to you the right hand of fellowship, and 
wish 3^u every success. May I add a personal word of congratulation 
upon your acceptance of the great trust confided to your hands. [Applause.} 

Ambassador Bryce*s Address 

Another cheer was given for President Lowell as he sat down, 
and then Mr. Fish introduced Right Honorable James Bryce, who 
wore the red gown of Oxford. As he came forward to speak, the 
applause was tumultuous, and the cheer with "three long Bryces" 
was given. 

There are four reasons [he said] which bring me here today besides the 
sympathy which I have, and which every one who has watched the 
progress of scientific instruction must have, with this Institute and the 
splendid work which it has done. One of these reasons is that £>r. Mac- 
laurin, v^om yoti are installing as President, is a Briton; the second is 
that he is a Scotchman; the third is that he is a lawyer and a member of 
the same ancient legal society — Lincoln's Inn — as that to v^ich I have 
the honor to belong; and the fourth is that he is a distinguished man of 
science to whom on behalf of my country I have to give hearty good wishes 
for his new work. He is one of those v^o have got to know the British 
empire as a whole and whom we should be sorry to part with to any other 
country except the United States, for as to the United States, I need not 
tell you, we don't feel that any one who leaves us is lost to us. It is a real 
benefit to any man who is undertaking a high educational position that he 
should have been all over the world, as Dr. Maclaurin hais been. To know 
Canada and New Zealand and Germany and a great Old World university 
like Cambridge and two of your greatest American universities here i& 
to know a great deal of consequence for practical work. It is also a real 
benefit to any college president to have a mastery of law, not merely because 
it helps him to fight for the interests of his institution, — and to know how 
far on each occasion it is wise to fight is quite as important, — ^but also- 

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The Inauguration of Dr. Maclaurin 323 

because it gives him a grasp of a kind of reasoning and a set of principles 
different from those v^ich have to be applied in scientific teaching, and 
a comprehension of ^ich, therefore, enlarges his mental grasp and his 
capacity for affairs. 

It, as it is said in Scripture, is always a little dangerous to congratu- 
late a man who is putting on his armor, as we should a man who is putting 
it off*, but in this case what Dr. Maclaurin has already accomplished 
justifies us in forming the brightest auguries for his future career in this 
hig^ post to which you have called him. 

We Englishmen and Scotchmen may be sorry that he is not serving our 
country in one of the new institutions ^ich we liave lately founded to try 
to make up for lost time in the promotion of scientific instruction. But 
a scientific inquirer and teacher helps the whole world by the work which 
he does anywhere in it, and, as you know, British students have been so 
long accustomed to come for first-rate teaching to this Institute of yours 
that we cannot but feel deeply interested in its prosperity. Between you 
and us there has always been a free trade in men. Though you do 
put an import duty on books, which are the vehicle of ideas, you have set 
no protecrive tariff" on ideas themselves nor upon the men who produce 

I am glad to think that a man from Scotland and from the University 
of Cambridge has been chosen by you to succeed the illustrious and dis- 
dnguished line of previous heads of this Institute, — a list which includes 
not only President Rogers and my valued friend. General Walker, whom 
we all mourn, but one whom we a|« glad to have with us in the full vigor 
of his powers, Mr. Pritchett. 

As the Insdtute has grown to be virtually a sciendfic university, it is of 
supreme importance that the instrucdon it gives should be such as to fit 
a man not only for practical work in such branches as engineering and the 
chemical arts, but also to enable him to draw from his mastery both 
of theoredcal and of applied science all the breadth of view and all the 
sdmuladon to independent thinking which a university ought to give. 
Personally, I have long felt that every man who pursues the human sciences, 
such as ethics, polidcs and history, ought to have a comprehension of at 
least one branch of natural science and its methods. Similarly, the man 
who devotes himself to scientific work ought to have a knowledge of lan- 
guage and some acquaintance at least with the field of abstract thought 
and the methods of historical inquiry. I have been glad to learn that 

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this view is held in the Institute, and believe that Dr. Maclaurin will be 
in the fullest sympsithy with it. 

One word more to express the cordial good wishes for the future of this 
magnificent institution which must be in the thoughts of all who see what 
science is accomplishing for the modem world. Science is king today. 
It is to the application of science that we owe the vast increase in the pro- 
duction of all commodities useful for life, the wonderful acceleration of 
transportation and communication, the stupendous growth of wealth. 

We are indeed often reminded that it has now become not so impor- 
tant to have more wealth as to distribute it equally and to learn how to use 
it wisely. Whatever truth there is in that reflection does not reduce the 
value of the work that is being done and to be done here. To enlarge 
not only our knowledge of natural forces, but our power of turning them 
to account, to make all work more and more an exercise of intelligence, 
and therefore enjoyable, this is an unmixed benefit to every class in the 
community; and to what you are effecting here towards these ends we 
give you hearty sympathy. 

Welcome to the New President 

Arthur A. Noyes, chairman of the Faculty, spoke of the form of 
education for which the Institute stands. — 

In welcoming Dr. Maclaurin to the presidency of the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology on behalf of its, Faculty, it seems appropriate that 
I take as the theme of my few remarks the form of education which that in- 
stitution has come to typify. If, in doing so, I give prominence to some of 
its advantages, this is not to be regarded as reflecting unfavorably upon 
other systems of higher education. On the contrary, it is, I think, a sub- 
ject for congratulation that the educational efforts of this country have not 
become conventionalized in a single direaion or even in two or three direc- 
tions. It is fortunate that our institutions of higher learning are so diver- 
sified as to afford to young men and women with different aptitudes and 
with different aims in life a wide choice as to the character of their train- 
ing. This diversity is, moreover, advantageous in another respect. Just as 
the existence of our forty-six state governments makes it possible to try im- 
portant political experiments without seriously affecting in the case of failure 
the welfare of the country as a whole, so the existence of our numerous col- 
leges, universities, and scientific schools, with their differently organized 

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The Inauguration of Dr. Maclaurin 325 

systems of instruction, enables educational methods to be thoroughly tested 
upon a limited scale, after which those proved by the results to be the most 
successful can be generally adopted. It is important, to be sure, that closer 
relations be established between the different institutions than exist at 
present, in order that each may profit from the experience of the other, and 
thereby improve the details of its own methods of instruction without 
sacrificing the essential features of its system; and it is, therefore, auspi- 
cious for this institution that one of the speakers at these inauguration exer- 
cises is the president of Harvard University, to whom, in conjunction with 
the new president of the Institute, many opportunities will be afforded for 
co-operative effort in solving the educational problems of this State and 
country, and that another of the speakers is the president of the Carnegie 
Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, which has adopted as one 
of its chief functions the better co-ordination of the work of the collegiate 
institutions of this continent. 

Yet, while recognizing the advantages of co-operation and co-ordination, 
the still greater importance of maintaining and developing separately each 
type of education which experience has shown to be effective must not be 
overlooked. To this end the salient features of each type must be kept in 
view, and it therefore seems appropriate to consider briefly the charac- 
teristics of the Institute type. 

It is one of those characteristics that, from the beginning to the end of the 
period of study, a definite aim is kept before the student, and that the char- 
acter and sequence of his studies are prescribed in such a manner as will 
best lead to the desired end. The student selects at the beginning of his 
second year, in accordance with his tastes and aptitudes, the profession for 
which he desires to prepare himself; but the Faculty then determines in 
large measure the studies which are best adapted to fit him for his life-work. 
We believe that unlimited freedom of choice commonly has one or two un- 
fortunate consequences. It either results in superficiality instead of sound- 
ness of training, in cases where the student without definite aim pursues 
a great variety of elementary courses, or it results in a narrowness of profes- 
sional knowledge instead of a breadth of culture, in cases where the student 
is intent on specialization. 

A second characteristic is that the courses of study at the Institute are 
planned in the belief that the three sides of education expressed by the words 
"knowledge," "mental training," and "culture" must go hand in hand, 
each being kept steadily in view throughout the whole period of study. 
Especial emphasis, however, is laid on the principle that the training of the 

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mind and the formation of sound habits of thought and of work must be 
the main object striven for in the earlier years of that period. The Institute 
typifies the idea, so well expressed by one of our great American psycholo- 
gists, that "the man who has daily inured himself to habits of concentrated 
attention, energeuc exercise of will, and self-denial in unnecessary things, 
will stand like a tower ^en everything rocks around him and when his 
softer fellow-mortals are winnowed like chaff in the blast." On the other 
hand, it holds that the breadth of view and liberality of judgment which 
constitute culture must be acquired gradually, as the student advances in 
maturity and experience, and that this is done more naturally in his later 
than in his earlier years, and more effecdvely by individual influence and 
personal contact than by attendance in large classes at a variety of lecture 
courses on those subjects which through the traditions of educadon have 
come to be regarded as the main sources of liberal culture. Thus in this 
respect the system of education of the Insritute stands in sharp contrast with 
that of many of our eastern universides, of ^ich the principle is that a gen- 
eral cultural education given in the college shall precede the strictly profes- 
sional training of the graduate school. 

The Institute lays, thirdly, special emphasis on the study of science; 
for training in scientific method and acquirement of the sciendfic spirit are 
considered to be not only essendals to professional success, but fundamental 
elements in culture and in life. To the quesdon. What knowledge is of most 
worth ? we answer, as did Herbert Spencer fifty years ago. Science. With 
him we hold that "for discipline as well as for guidance, for intellectual as 
well as for moral training, the study of science properly pursued is of chiefest 
value." We believe that, when fifty years hence there shall be written, with 
the clearer perspective that time will bring, the history of the world's progress 
during the preceding century, it will be not mainly a record of the doings 
of governments, but rather a study of the influence of science upon the 
development of human thought and human welfare. We, therefore, aim to 
give our students such a scientific training as will make them efficient in 
promodng the advancement of science and its applicadons to the useful 
and the liberal arts. 

Efficiency is the keynote of the Institute's system of education; but at 
the same time we do not underestimate the significance of culture. We rec- 
ognize the value of studies in histoiy, literature, language and art, by mak- 
ing them an important part of the work of every regular student; but we 
hold that, "as these pursuits occupy the leisure part of life, so they should 
occupy the leisure part of education." 

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The Inauguration of Dr. Maclaurin 327 

FinaUy, in conformity with these eduqitional ideal^ there have been 
developed at the Institute conditions of student life from which there has 
resulted a more duly proportioned division of time and interest between 
the studies and the social and athletic activities of students than prevails at 
many colleges. The standard of scholarship which the Faculty demands 
of its students is inconsistent with an excessive devotion to outside pursuits 
and with undue subordination of the intellectual to the physical and social' 
interests. Yet the student life of the Institute at the. present time a£Fords 
abundant opportunity for recreation and good fellowship and fpr the culti- 
vation of athletic, literary, artistic and professional activities. Indeed, 
the soundness of its student life and the fine spirit of its students are prop-, 
erly counted among its chief advantages, aod should be one of its main 
attractions as a place of study, to right-minded.young men. 

This characterization of the Institute will, I think, serve to show that scien^ 
tific schools of its type occupy a unique position in the American system of 
higher, education, and that they represent certain educational ideals whose 
fuller development is of great importance to the welfare of this country* 
We are to-day assembled to take part in the inauguration as President of 
one of these institutions of the man ^o is to serve as the leader in its develop- 
ment, of a man who has shown himself to be in hearty sympathy with the 
ideals of the Institute and ready to work earnestly for their fuller realization. 
Supported, as he will be, in this undertaking by the cordial and energetic 
conoperation of his associates of the G>rporation and of the Faculty and of 
the members of its Alunmi Association and of its student body, we may feel 
confident that among the institutions of higher learning the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology will continue to hold in the future the high posidon 
which it has won for itself in the past. 

President Maclaurin*8 Address 

"We have found a man," said Mr. Fish, in introducing President 
Maclaurin. His introduction was short, briefly outlining the record 
of the new head of the institution and ending with a hopeful proph- 
ecy of success for him. As President Maclaurin, wearing his Cam- 
bridge gown of black and red, came to the front, the cheering 
section at once became busy, and three times three cheers for 
Maclaurin followed the M. I. T. cheer. Applause ro$e to a storrn^ 
and a smile stole over the strong, thin features of the youthful 

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appearing head of Tech, as he bowed to the audience and the 
guests on the platform. Again "nine long Madaurins" came 
from the leather-lunged and stormy-voiced Tech graduates in 
front. Waiting a minute until the applause ceased, President 
Maclaurin in a well-modulated voice delivered his inaugural. He 
spoke as follows: — 

My first duty is to express my appreciation of the honor conferred on me 
by election to the presidency of this great Institute and my thanks to those 
representative citizens who have so warmly and so gracefully bidden me 
welcome to the inspiring task that hts before me. The usk, as has been 
suggested, is no easy one, and I should be oppressed by my inability to cope 
with it, did I not feel strong in the loyal and enthusiasric support of the 
Faculty and the alumni, indeed of all who have the welfare of the Institute 
at heart. 

Now on an occasion such as this I might perhaps be expected to say 
something as to the policy of the Institute and the plans for its future devel- 
opment, in so far as I have any influence on the formation of such a policy 
and such plans. I refrain from doing this, however, if for no other reason 
than that I recognize that promise and performance are often somewhat 
different things, and I do not wish to invite any inconvenient comparisons 
in the future. All that seems necessary to do is to assure you that I shall 
do my best, and that, as I heartily approve of the broad lines of the policy 
that has been established by my very distinguished predecessors, any marked 
departure from that policy will not be due to my initiative. 

As, however, I am necessarily somewhat of a stranger to you, it seems not 
inappropriate that I should give some indication of my creed as an educa- 
tor, and so reveal the ideal that I should like to see made real in this Insti- 
tute. The creed has, at any rate, the merit of brevity. It can easily be 
stated for present purposes in three or four articles. 

I. The first article is one that is common to almost every modem creed, 
and is to the effect that the end of education is to fit men to deal with the 
affah-s of life honestly, intelligently and efiiciently. That, like many another 
commonplace in creeds, is one that is almost deliberately ignored in much 
of common practice. It should be applied thoughtfully and rigorously as 
a test of every element in the scheme of your educational system. We 
must try to fit man for life, and for life that is as abundant and complete as 
possible. We must have due regard to professional skill, but especially in 
such an Insdtute as this must we avoid the danger of supposing that we 

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The Inauguration of Dr. Maclaurin 329 

have to think only of a man's professional equipment. Clearly, no man 
can be merely an engineer or an architect or a professor. He owes other 
duties to society that are in no sense inferior. In the relations of domestic 
life or in the larger family of a city or a State he must constantly move and 
aa. In these spheres, powers must be exercised that may require cultiva- 
tion and training just as much as any others, and, if a student has not 
brought them up to a reasonable standard of excellence, then, whatever 
be his professional skill, he is no more than an ill-educated man. 

II. My second article is that, in the higher education of a large and 
increasing section of the community, science should play a very prominent, 
if not a leading, part. Many a fierce battle has been waged during the 
operation of scene shifting in the great theatre of education. Those who 
were schooled exclusively in the "older learning" had it so long their own 
way that they come naturally to regard themselves as Levites in charge of 
the ark of culture and to look upon any criticism as an unwarrantable 
intrusion not worthy of their serious attention. However, in due time the 
champions of modem literature and humanism became strong enough to 
issue a challenge, and in the fight that ensued many a hard blow had already 
been struck, when the fray was complicated by the advent of a somewhat 
ragged army with "modem science" on its banner. The noise and din of 
the battle have well-nigh died away by this time, although occasionally a 
belated combatant fires a shot or shouts derision at an enemy, real or 
imagined. In general, however, it has come to be recognized as absurd to 
set up a claim to the monopoly of cukure, if I may be permitted to use that 
much-abused word widely for breadth and openness of mind and sanity of 
judgment. Native capacities and tastes vary enormously, and culture may 
be reached by many roads. Admitting this quite frankly, I repeat that 
science should play a very important part in the education of a large and 
increasing section of the community. In saying this, I am not now thinking 
of the specialist, to whom science is a necessity of his profession. I am 
thinking, rather, of any one who is to take an active and intelligent part 
in the world of affairs today, whether in business or in public life. Science 
has already profoundly changed the conditions of our life, and it may not 
be so very long until its method and its spirit permeate our modes of busi- 
ness and of government. It must even now be very difficult for a man 
who has not acquired the scientific habit of mind by serious scientific study 
to free himself entirely from medievalism and be a really modem man. 
For we have to remember that "not only is our daily life shaped by science, 
not only does the prosperity of millions depend upon it, but our whole 

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theoiy of life is being profoundly influenced, consciously or unconsciously, 
by the general conceptions that science has forced upon us." 

Apart from this it is scarcely necessary to emphasize the claims of science 
in an Institute like this which devotes so lai^e a share of its attention to 
the training of men to deal successfully with those great problems of pro- 
duction and distribution vrhich the energy of a great industrial nation makes 
of paramount importance. Today it is common knowledge that those are 
mainly scientific problems, although half a century ago, ^en this Institute 
was founded, it was only the far-seeing that had any glimpse of this, and 
very few among these that had any adequate conception of the mighty 
change that science would effect in the industrial problems of the world. 
Where such matters are concerned, energy, courage and doggedness are no 
longer enough as they once were to win the fight. With science they profit 
nothing, and are no more availing by themselves than is the dauntless cour- 
age of the savage in the face of a modem gun. 

The quickness with which the different nations grasped this vital fact 
might be used as a touchstone of their intelligence, and it is almost pathetic 
to observe the bewilderment of some of them who are just awakening to 
the knowledge that they must even now face a new heaven and a new earth. 
Massachusetts may congratulate itself on having been amongst the first to 
foresee the change, but I hope that this will not induce any disposition to 
rest and be thankful for the wisdom of our forefathers. Here it cannot be 
necessary to remind you that the terrible battle of competition between men 
and between nations is no passing phenomenon. It does not depend on 
conditions that are transitory, but, on the contrary, on those that are per- 
manent and that must always make for keener competition. The only 
chance of survival is resolutely to throw away all weapons except the best 
(f .^., the most scientific), and the only hope for long life is not merely to be 
strong and well armed, but to be able to keep in that condition. For this 
end we must train our young men with a view to the future, and, as no one 
can foresee what a generation will bring about, our only hope of safety is 
to imbue them thoroughly with those fundamental principles of science and 
its applications that are permanent and that can be put to any need that 
may arise, and not to take up too much time over those details of the pro- 
fessional practice of today that may not improbably be antiquated to- 

III. Next we should constantly bear in mind that science and culture 
must be combined; s.e., the two must go hand in hand, science being studied 
and taught in such a way as to make for that broad and liberal outlook 

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The Inauguration of Dr. Maclaurin 331 

on the world that is the mark of a really cultured man. I hope that it is 
not necessary to stop to argue with any one who thinks that science ir quite 
incompetent to the task, for such a survival of mediaevalism must surely be 
very rare today. I take it that the root of culture, in any worthy sense of 
that term, is the possession of an ideal broad enough to form the basis 'or 
a sane criticism of life. What study is most conducive to this end if ^ ques- 
tion on which there is sure to be much di£Ference of opinion, but i suspect 
that the subject-matter of the study is far from the most important element 
in the problem. We have only to think of the unpromising materials from 
which our forefathers often derived such real culture to be confirmed in 
this suspicion, and to lean towards the opinion that it is the how rather than 
the what of study that makes for culture. If this be true, then it is vastly 
important, for it enables us to solve one of the most difficult questions that 
presents itself in education. We cannot indulge in high-flown schemes of 
general culture, for here, as everywhere else, the avenue to success is limi- 
tation. The practical question is, How to limit ? The plausible and the 
popular solution is that a man should be guided by his aptitudes, and by 
what those aptitudes should determine, — his special calling in life. Here I 
believe that, for once, the plausible and the popular is entirely right. It 
seems to me obvious that a man should try to keep closely to what will be 
most useful to him in life, the only qualification — and of course it is an im- 
portant one — being that the adjective "useful" must not be construed in 
any narrow sense. It is owing to this qualification that it appears absurd 
to allow almost complete freedom of choice to a mere youth, whose outlook 
on life is not wide enough to suggest the wisest choice. I see no reason, 
however, why a man should spend his time in so-called "useless" studies 
for the sake of mental discipline and culture if he can gain these excellent 
things in studies that are more "useful" in his calling, no more than I see 
why a business man should not take his exercise in walking towards his office 
rather than in some other direction. There may, of course, be several roads 
to his office, and it may be that the shortest is not the best, for it may bring 
him there out of breath or otherwise so disabled that he is unfit for business 
for half the morning. Especially, when he is new to the city, will he profit 
enormously by the companionship of an accomplished man who can direct 
his attention to the real attractions of the way. It is, of course, highly 
important to have men that can do this well, and so at the Institute and 
other similar places we must have men of high rank and wide outlook who 
can keep the highest ideals constantly before the student. They must be 
men who can command the respect not only of the students, but of the 

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whole community in which they live, — ^men such as are to be found at the 
best Technical Institutes in Paris and Berlin, who neither in their inter- 
national reputation as men of science nor in the esteem in which they are 
held locally nor in the emoluments of their office are one whit behind those 
in the more ancient seats of learning. 

We need such broad men as professors on our staff for the reasons that 
I have indicated and because of the incalculable value of breadth of view 
and freedom from prejudice to the leader in engineering and industrial 
pursuits. But there are other reasons than these. It is true that the Hrst 
and obvious duty of such an Institute as this is to train men for certain 
professions, and pardcularly for those professions in which science plays 
a leading part. It should, however, do more than this. It should take 
its share in the great work of getting the nation imbued with the scientific 
spirit. For this purpose the schools of applied science are strategic points 
of the highest value. If you can show people the "practical" value of 
science (in the narrow sense of that ill-used adjective), if you can demon- 
strate that it makes for healthier and fuller life, for greater prosperity and 
greater happiness, then you will have some chance of directing their atten- 
tion to its other aspects. And this suggests another purpose that the Insti- 
tute should serve. It should train men to extend the bounds of knowledge, 
not only in the applications of science to industry, but in any direction in 
which they see opportunity of extending them. I believe that association 
with ** practical" studies is one of the best things even for the so-called un- 
practical man, who intends to deal mainly with the most abstract researches. 
Galileo made telescopes, Newton learned practical mechanics, Leibnitz 
invented machines, Kelvin laid cables. And so it should cause no sur- 
prise that, when we bear in mind the size of this Institute and take account 
of the youthfulness of its graduates (remembering that only a small pro- 
portion of them have yet passed middle life), we find that its alumni have 
contributed a full share of pure scientific work of the first rank in astron- 
omy, in chemistry, in biology, and in other departments of learning. I 
hope that it will always be so; but, to make this possible, a continuance 
of front rank men on our staff is a necessity of our being. . . . 

But of course there are other things than studies to be considered. Above 
all, we must preserve in our students the freshness and vigor of youth, and 
see to it with all care that their natural powers of initiative are improved, 
and not checked by our training. Outside the class-room we can do this best 
by encouraging a rational system of athletics and a rational social life. 
In Xenophon we were told that "to ride horseback and to speak the truth" 

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The Inauguration of Dr. Maclaurin 333 

were considered the two essentials in the education of a Persian gentleman, 
and I can well believe that many more elaborate modem systems of edu- 
cation are much less liberal. Fortunately, it is now becoming generally 
recognized that a sound body is the basis of a sound mind and of sound 
morals, and that men play the game of life better for what they learn in 
manly contests manfully conducted. It is of course deplorable, if true, 
that the cult of mere athleticism seems to be eating like a canker into the 
college life of this country just as of some older ones, but there is compar- 
atively little danger of this abuse of a thing so intrinsically good in an 
Institute of Technology. Here, however, we need opportunities not only 
for athletics properly conducted, but for a healthy social life among the 
students. Success in practical life is clearly not dependent wholly or even 
mainly on knowledge, unless you use the term so widely as to include the 
knowledge of men and of the world. It is common experience here, as in 
the older world, that the men who make the greatest mark are often those 
that were quite unhonored in the schools. At Oxford or at Cambridge 
they pursued *'z little learning and probably much more boating," but, 
whatever their shortcomings in the class-room, they received a wholesome 
and a manly training from the other influences that were brought to bear 
in their social life. A great and learned cardinal of the Catholic Church 
(that Church which has been so rich in men with profound human insight) 
said that, if he had to choose between sending a young man to a university 
which made no provision for social life among its students, and gave its 
degrees to any person who passed an examination in a wide range of sub- 
jects, — if he had to choose between such a university and one that had no 
professor or examinations at all, but merely brought a number of young 
men together three or four years, — if he had to determine which of the 
two would be the more successful in training, moulding, enlarging the mind, 
which would send out men the better fitted for their secular duties, which 
would produce the better public men, men whose names would descend 
with honor to posterity, he would have no hesitation in giving the prefer- 
ence to that university which simply did nothing. Well, clearly we can- 
not make architects and engineers by doing nothing. Work, and hard 
work, too, must always be the leading feature of a technical institute; but 
I sec not the slightest reason why we should not have all the advantages 
of a rational social life among the students and work as hard as ever. Work 
is perhaps the one thing needful to check those abuses of the social side 
of college life which no one who speaks with any real knowledge can fail 
to recognize as all too common. In social matters, tradition is all-power- 

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ful, and we are fortunate above all else at the Institute in having a tradi- 
tion that is thoroughly wholesome. There is a tradition of seriousness of 
purpose and hard work, and there is little or no tendency to set up a wall 
of caste which is not an inconspicuous feature in the college life of the 
older world and may perhaps be observed even here, and which, if al- 
lowed to stand, is a menace to true citizenship and true democracy. 

Well, the recital of my creed is done. I have come to Massachusetts 
a stranger; but I scarcely feel like one, so warmly have I been welcomed 
on every side. I recognize, of course, that this is not a personal matter 
(or I should not mention it here), but that the welcome represents the good 
will of the community to the great Institute of which we are all thinking 
today. I have had many opportunities elsewhere of learning of its na- 
tional and international reputation, and I feel sure that it needs no appeal 
from me to arouse this State to a sense of its value, for public as well as 
for private service. Bom in a period of unexampled national struggle, 
it has been by a process of continuous struggle that it has made for itself 
a unique position. It is impossible to know its histoiy and not be 
stirred by admiration for the greatness of soul of its founders and for 
the pertinacity and courage of those who have worked so steadily and so 
unobtrusively in the intervening years to maintain its great traditions and 
compel respect for it. Rogers who planned it, and Governor Andrew 
who so warmly befriended it and who insisted so strongly that it should 
be started out on a broad gauge, were no ordinary men; and it is because 
I believe that the spirit of such men still lives in the community that I have 
every confidence that it will not now be allowed to languish through any 
narrow and unworthy view of its purpose and destiny. 

The Automobile Trip 

The automobile trip for out-of-town alumni and guests on Mon- 
day afternoon, June 7, was successfully engineered by A. P. Under- 
hill ('96), assisted by Kenneth Blake ('99) and Lucius Tyler ('97). 
As the Ancient and Honorable Artillery was parading in Copley 
Square, the machines rendezvoused in Newbury Street, back of the 
Institute Buildings. More than a hundred automobiles were on 
hand, each one bearing a knot of Tech colors. The parties were 
sent in diverse directions to avoid dust, and, as the day was a perfect 
one, the visitors had a delightful time. 

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The Governor's Reception 335 


The reception by the Governor and Mrs. Draper to the President 
and the alumni on the evening of June 7 brought together a brilliant 
assemblage of between two and three thousand alumni and prom- 
inent citizens of Boston. The State House was ablaze with light, 
and from 8.30 until 10 o'clock there was an endless stream of carriages 
and automobiles bringing alumni, their wives and friends. 

It was promptly 8.30 o'clock when Governor Draper, with Mrs. 
William Rogers, widow of the first President of Technology, headed 
the line from the Executive Chamber, escorted by Sergeant-at-Arms 
Remington. Following them came President Richard C. Maclaurin 
and Mrs. Draper. 

The receiving party took their position on the east side of the 
Hall of Flags, attended by members of the Governor's staflF. 

Conspicuous among the visitors were President A. Lawrence 
Lowell, of Harvard University, and British Ambassador and Mrs. 
Bryce. Invitations had been extended to members of the legis- 
lature, and many of them were scattered through the crowd which 
filled the spacious hall. 

Professor W. T. Sedgwick acted for the Reunion Committee as 
chairman of the Committee of Arrangements, and he was assisted by 
Dr. S. J. Mixter ('75), Franklin W. Hobbs ('89), S. Parker Bremer 
C93)> Montgomery Rollins ('88), Arthur Anthony ('86), Ernest 
Bowditch ('69), Edward Cunningham ('91), Dr. Percival Lowell, 
W. C. Fish ('87), E. C. Hultmann ('96), A. D. Fuller ('95), E. C. 
Miller ('79), Benjamin Russell ('98), B. E. Schlesinger ('01), 
Guy C. Emerson ('89), W. B. Douglass ('92), F. A. Pickemell ('85), 
L. O. Towne ('78), Stephen Child ('88), F. C. Green ('95), Professor 
W. E. Mott ('89), F. H. Briggs ('81), H. P. Spaulding ('92), 
Professor S. C. Prescott ('94), Professor H. W. Hayward ('96), 
Giles Taintor ('87), John C. Abbott ('93), F. F. Phinney ('93), 
Frank Doliber ('97). 

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336 The Technology Review 


A Social Time at the Boston City Club — Dr. Maclaurin 
and Governor Draper make Short Speeches 

Perhaps the most roilicking, jolly evening of the reunion was the 
jubilee smoker held at the Boston City Qub Monday night, in 
which about a thousand men participated. The entire club-house 
on Beacon Street was turned over to the Institute alumni, and an 
entertainment committee, with John A. Curtin ('92) as chief insti- 
gator, had prepared a vaudeville entertainment in the auditorium 
on the third floor. 

Various impromptu class and clique reunions were held during 
the evening in the private dining-rooms of the floors below, where 
refreshments were served. 

The entertainment began at 9.30 o'clock with a very excellent 
exhibition of impersonation by Frank Stafl^ord, of B. F. Keith's 
circuit. He was followed by Henry Clive in sleight-of-hand tricks, 
and M. Wood, clog dancer, both of Keith's. W. E. Spalding ('85), 
a member of the first Tech minstrels, was the only Tech man to 
give an individual stunt. He did some most finished work with 
the bones, and his performance was encored vociferously. The 
Bostonian Quartet gave several selections. 

The Institute undergraduate orchestra furnished music for the 
occasion, and each performer was greeted with the rollicking reunion 
slogan, following the exclamation, "Who is that man ?" 

''He's a bold, bad man and a desperado; 
He came to town on a wild tornado, 
And he rolled around like a gay gazabo; 
And every time he took a drink, 'twas — Zip! Wowwwwl" 

the last words being yelled to the accompaniment of a frantic 
crash of the orchestral pieces. 

Dr. Charles D. Underbill ('86) led the cheering, and also ofiiciated 

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The Jubilee Smoker 337 

with the baton on the singing of the familiar Tech songs and other 
old favorites. 

When the enthusiasm was at its highest pitch, Governor Draper 
and President Maclaurin, arriving from the reception at the State 
House, entered the hall together. Upon their appearance, pande- 
monium was let loose, and the new arrivals were given a noisy 
M. I. T. cheer. Each spoke briefly as "Tech men," and entered 
into the spirit of the occasion apparently with as little efl^ort as the 

Following the entertainment, old friendships were renewed and 
old stories revived until a late hour, the last groups leaving the 
club-house long after the midnight bell. 

Mr. Curtin's assistants on the committee were Leonard C. 
Wason ('91), Walter B. Douglass ('92), William F. Lamb ('93), 
Richard Waterman ('92), F. W. Hobbs ('89), James S. Newton 
('90), Gorham Dana ('92), George H. Ingraham ('92), James T. 
Baldwin ('90). 

Are You With Us? 

If you are not a member of the Alumni Association, we need 
you! The Association has grown very strong, but we want every 
man. It costs an additional thousand dollars to send the 
Rbvibw to every former student, but we feel that this issue will 
carry enough of the spirit of the New Technology to enlist the 
hearty interest of many to whom the new order of things will 
be a happy revelation. 

A Word to '09 

Wherever you locate, identify yourself with the local Technology 
Association, if there is one, and, if not, get the near-by Tech men to- 
gether and tell them about the Reunion and what the Institute is 
like today. It is up to the younger crowd to keep the associa- 
tions lively. 

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338 The Technology Review 


The Get-together Feature of the Day at Nahant was most 
Pleasing — '68 wins the Ball Game — ^A Happy Day 

After the dignified functions of Monday, the Day of the Classes 
oflFered an opportunity for the men to unbend, and the way they 
loosened up would give a nerve specialist points on relaxation. 

The "Governor Andrew," which took the men to Nahant, left 
a few minutes after the schedule time, and was packed to the sub- 
cellar with a gala assortment of Tech men, who were as pleased as 
Punch with themselves, the day, the boat, the zenith and the horizon, 
the moment of inertia, the modulus of elasticity, and the frying-pan 
din-makers that would send the men in a boiler factory crazy. 

The Waltham Band accompanied the excursionists, and there 
was a continuous song service until the boat reached Nahant. The 
boat committee provided a humorous programme descriptive of the 
features of the trip, and there was a genuine wireless outfit on the 
boat on which messages were sent and received. The blanks read 
**Tech Reunion Wireless Telegraph Co., Boston and Nahant. 
Back Jins, manager, and C. Q. D., operator." 

Messages were sent through the courtesy of the Boston Post wire- 
less station to Governor Draper, President Maclaurin and a number 
of prominent officials. Charlie Peirce was the recipient of much 
attention from acquaintances on shore. His first message, replying 
to a Harvard friend, was as follows: "We are oflF. Tech looks 
good to me. To with Harvard." 

Accompanying "Governor Andrew "was the steam yacht "Tech," 
owned by Colonel T. C. du Pont, ('84), which was placed at the dis- 
posal of his class, which was celebrating its twenty-fifth anniversary, 
and the "Wacondah," owned by Colonel Charles Hayden C90), 
carrying the guests of the day. As the boats approached Nahant, 
they were greeted by fusillades of artillery bombs, and high in the 
air were great kites carrying a welcome to the excursionists from 

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Day of the Classes 339 

the members of the class of '94, who had gone to Nahant the pre- 
ceding day to celebrate their crystal wedding anniversary and to 
loosen up things for the larger crowd. 

As the throng streamed up from the boat with banners, Japanese 
sunshades, signs more or less relevant, and a pandemonium of noise, 
it was greeted by wild cheers from '94, and the response that fol- 
lowed awoke the echoes of that quiet summer resort in a way that 
is said to have lowered the rents for the rest of the summer. On 
embarking, each man had exchanged his ticket for a colored tag 
which he wore conspicuously. The tags corresponded with the 
colors adopted by the various hotels, and signs clearly showed 
where each class was to dine. The men went into dinner soon after 
arriving, and so well had the committee made arrangements that the 
seating plan was perfect. 

Everywhere one looked, on the wharf, the boat and at Nahant, 
the eye was greeted by humorous signs, such as "The rest came 
by boat, but Peter Schwamb," "If you don't get what you want, 
petition the Faculty," "Has Mac seen Eliot?" "Beware of the 
dog. Carlo Bites!" 

The shore dinner was no Sunday school performance, the jollity, 
however, being confined to vocal demonstration. Some of th^ classes 
were able to do a little class business, but the spirit of holiday gayety 
was in the air and predominated everything. After dinner the men 
at the Bass Point House, headed by a band, started a snake-walk 
march to the Relay House, and, there being joined by the rest of the 
crowd, returned to the Bass Point band-stand, where more than a 
thousand of them spread out in a long line and were photographed. 
Then came a most convulsing game of indoor, outdoor base- 
ball, played with savage rivalry by teams chosen respectively by Pro- 
fessor Robert H. Richards ('68) and the Hon. Eben S. Stevens ('68), 
with C C. Peirce ('86) as umpire. The baseball fans present re- 
velled in the fine points of the national game, and, when the pardsan 
fury of the two nines threatened to break out with serious results. 
Umpire Peirce, with the diplomacy of a John L. Sullivan and with 
the aid of a megaphone, turned threatened disaster into a Hague 
peace jubilee by his masterful decisions, holding the score down to 

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34^ The Technology Review 

nothing to nothing. Several novelties were introduced into the 
game, such as reversing the base running in case of a jack-pot 
and the substitution of Boyle's law for the league rules in the fifth 

After the game it was time to return to the steamer for the home- 
ward trip, and peace brooded over a tired but happy crowd all the 
way home. 

F. T. Miller ('95) was the chairman of the general committee in 
charge of the day, and his committee was divided into three sub- 
committees. The entertainment committee was composed of G. H. 
Gleason ('03), chairman, A. H. Nickerson ('02), E. S. Mansfield 
C96), G. F. Loughlin ('03), H. C. Eaton ('99), S. Seaver ('06) 
and F. W. Davis ('03). 

The transportation committee was F. H. Keyes C93), chairman, 
J. C. Riley ('98), M. C. Brush ('01), E. G. Pettee ('92) and I. 
Bowditch ('00). The hotel committee was F. A. Wilson ('91), 
chairman, L. B. Manley ('92), W. T. Keough ('88) and E. L. Kurd 

Mrs. Webster's Reception 

The reception given by Mrs. Edwin S. Webster to the ladies on 
Tuesday afternoon, June 8, was a brilliant one. Special cars on 
the Boston & Albany were met by automobiles to take the guests 
to the house. 

The weather conditions were ideal even for a day in June, and 
under the spell of the beauty of the place, the flowers and the music, 
the hundreds of guests enjoyed an afternoon of rare delight. Tech 
colors gracefully entwined over the entrance to the grounds, and the 
art of the landscape gardener had lined the principal walks with 
beds of cardinal and gray flowers. 

Mrs. Webster was assisted by a committee of ladies appointed 
by Mrs. Ellen H. Richards, of the Ladies' Reunion Committee. 
Receiving with Mrs. Webster were Mrs. Arthur T. Bradlee, Mrs. 
Franklin W. Hobbs, Mrs. Stewart Wrighrington and others. 

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Tech Night at the Pops 341 


A Brilliant Scene at Symphony Hall — Largest Crowd the 
Building ever held 

June 8 was a record night at the Pops. It was Tech night, and 
Tech night with a vengeance. All other Pops dwindled to insig- 
nificance beside this Pop. Never before had the floor and galleries 
upheld such a seething mass of enthusiastic merry-makers, and 
never before were Tech songs and cheers given with greater hearti- 
ness and enthusiasm. It was the spirit of Technology bursting 
forth exuberantly in recognition of the new era that is dawning for 
Alma Mater. 

The entire hall was hung with the cardinal and gray banners of 
the Institute, and over the stage blazed a parti-colored electric 
sign "Tech." Each table on the floor carried a class banner, and 
about these were grouped such a multitude of Technology men 
from the Class of '68 to '09 that toward the latter part of the evening 
the waiters were unable to serve refreshments along the middle aisle. 

The first class to arrive was *o8, followed by the classes in order 
up to '68, each class being cheered, and the climax coming when 
Professor Richards ('68), Eben Stevens and Eli Forbes came in, 
bearing their class banner. Although the cheering was enthusiastic 
from the moment the first class took its place in the hall, pande- 
monium reigned when, in slow procession, the graduating class of 
'09 moved to the place of honor assigned to them. The bombard- 
ment of confetti by the ladies in the galleries announced the entry 
of the new class, and in an instant the air became filled with gay- 
colored streamers which fluttered down from the balconies. 

When Governor Draper entered with his class of '78, the entire 
body rose and made the hall ring, and when later the Governor and 
Acting President Noyes escorted the new President, Dr. Maclaurin, 

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342 The Technology Review 

who came as the guest of the Class of '93, there was confusion worse 
confounded as the applause was redoubled. 

It did not take the men long to recognize the face of Mrs. William 
B. Rogers, who sat in the front row of the balcony, and the entire 
audience broke forth in cheers for Mrs. Rogers. Ehiriog the evening 
the crowd sang "Dear Old M. I. T.," "On Rogers Steps," "Take 
me back to Tech" and the "Stein Song." 

After the concert the Tech men marched, lock-stepped or snake-* 
walked, back to Rogers Building, and when 1,400 men were banked 
on the steps and in front of the Institute, Edward M. Hagar, presi- 
dent of the North-western Association, led cheers for the different 
Presidents from Rogers to Maclaurin. Boylston Street was packed 
with spectators, and with the brilliant lights from the electric signs 
of the Institute the scene was one of the most impressive of the 
whole reunion. 

Leo Pickert ('93) was chairman of the Pop Concert committee. 
The other members were Guy C. Emerson ('90), M. L. Emerson 
C04), H. Mork C99), Dr. A. W. Rowe Coi), Giles Taintor ('87). 

The Figures of Registration 

Although some of the Boston men and a large number of guests 
did not register at Reunion headquarters, the record shows the 
names of 1,814 Tech men and 780 guests, or a total of 2,594. This 
is a little less than a thousand more than the registry five years ago. 

The work of the registration committee was enormous, but it 
was so organized and carried out that no detail was neglected 
Professor C. F. Park C92), was chairman, and assisting him were 
Bursar F. H. Rand, Professor A. G. Robbins ('86), Professor W. A. 
Johnston ('92), Professor S. C. Prescott C94), Professor H. W. 
Hayward ('96), Dr. A. W. Rowe ('01), G. W. Swett ('04) and E. O. 
Hiller C04). 

In the front of the Review will be found a list of the local 
Alumni Associations with the names of the secretaries. 

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Stunt Day at Nantaskct 343 


Graduates, Old and Young, Elnjoy a Day of Fun and Frolic — - 
Most Unique of All College Celebrations 

Wednesday, the last and busiest day of the Reunion, found all still 
exuberant and keyed up for the fun at Nantasket. This day of 
parade and stunts was carried through without a single hitch, up- 
wards of 2,500 people taking part in the enjoyment. The commit- 
tee's work on this day was certainly stupendous, and those in charge 
are to be heartily congratulated upon their management, for the 
whole programme appeared to be automatic. The men on the com- 
mittee were: Frederick H. Fay ('93), chairman; Harry A. Rapelye 
('08), secretary; John C. Abbot ('93), Albert F. Bemis ('93), R. D. 
Bradbury ('06), Paul R. Brooks ('00), Edward B. Carney ('93), 
Howard L. Cobum ('98), Charies C. Doe ('86), Harold C. Faxon 
('08), George A. Fuller ('97), George L. Gilmore ('90), George B. 
Glidden, ('93), who handled the megaphone, Charies R. Haynes 
('04), Henry D. Jackson ('97), I. W. Litchfield ('85), Harrison 
Loring, Jr. ('89), Charles E. Locke ('96), Alexander Macomber 
('07), Charles G. Mixter ('02), William J. Mixter ('02), Newitt J. 
Neall ('00), Charies H. Parker ('95), Frank F. Phinney ('93), 
John A. Rockwell C96), Charies A. Sawyer, Jr. ('02), Rudolph 
P. Weiler ('08) and Percy R. Ziegler ('00). 

Two especially chartered steamers, the "Myles Standish" and the 
"Nantasket," started from Boston at about 9.30 o'clock in the 
morning, loaded to the guards, the older classes on the former, the 
younger classes aboard the "Nantasket." The class of '84, with its 
ladies, which had been celebrating its twenty-fifth anniversary at 
the Eastern Yacht Club, formed part of the procession in T. Coleman 
du Pont's steam yacht "Tech," while the invited guests were con- 
veyed in Colonel Charles Hayden's yacht, "Wacondah." The first 
boat landed at the Nantasket wharf at 10.30, and from then until 

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The Technology Review 

II o'clock all Tech was being unloaded onto Massachusetts' most 
famous beach resort. The graduates were immediately marshalled 
on the beach behind the Nantasket House, and assembled under 
their class banners, previously staked out along the beach by the 
advance guard. 

Colonel Charles Hayden ('90) was chief marshal, with G. L. 
Gilmore ('90) chief of staff and Colonel Frank L. Locke ('86) 
assistant chief. 

The division commanders were T. W. Sprague ('87), S. P. Bremer 
('93), F. F. Phinney ('93), A. F. Bemis ('93). The marshals were 

as follows: Professor R. H. 
Richards ('68), Dr. F. H. 
Williams ('73), Dr. S. J. Mixter 
('75), the Hon. E. S. Draper 
C78), W. B. Snow ('82), General 
William E. Spalding ('85), Ev- 
erett Morss ('85), I.W.Litchfield 
('85), A. D. Little ('85), Dr. 
A. A. Noyes ('86), C. C. Prince 
('86), Dr. C. D. Underbill 
('87), E. S. Webster ('88), 
Henry Howard ('88), F. R. Hart '(89), G. C. Emerson ('90), F. H. 
Fay ('93), G. B. Glidden ('93), Butler Ames ('96), Dr. J. A. Rock- 
well ('96), H. L. Coburn ('98), Dr. C. G. Mixter ('02). 

Class marshals: William Jackson ('68), E. W. Bowditch ('69), 
F. L. Fuller ('71), C. F. Allen ('72), S. E. Tinkham ('73), G. H. 
Barrus ('74), B. L. Beal ('75), H. B. Wood ('76), A. L. Plimpton 
(>7), J. W. Rollins, Jr. ('78), J. W. Cabot ('79), W. T. Miller 
('80), F. H. Briggs ('81), R. F. Herrick ('82), G. B. Underwood 
('83), A. S. Pratt ('84), F. M. Kimball ('85), Paul Winsor ('86), 
Giles Taintor ('87), A. T. Bradlee ('88), G. C. Wales ('89), C. W. 
Sherman ('90), E. Cunningham ('91), C. F. Park ('92), A. L. 
Kendall ('93), T. G. Richards ('94), F. T. Miller ('95), J. H. Knight 
C96), C. W. Bradlee ('97), C.-E. A. Winslow ('98), M. S. SherriU 
('99), L Bowditch ('00), E. F. Brigham ('01), H. E. Stillings ('02), 
R. H. Nutter ('03), M. L. Emerson ('04), G. M. Bartlett ('05), 

'83 TO THE Fore 

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Stunt Day at Nantasket 345 

R. R. Patch ('06), L. Allen ('07), H. T. Gerrish ('08), M. R. ScharflF 


The line of paraders, when formed, stretched from the Nantasket 
House back along the beach to the Surfside, a distance of nearly 
a mile. There were 1,315 in line, with two bands, the Waltham 
Watch Company band and the First Corps of Cadets band, with 
various drum corps, one of which consisted of a lone bass-drum 
and a trombone. The view from the Atlantic House on the hill 
of the long, tapering line stretching out along the beach below was 
altogether inspiring and grand and a sight which the spectators 
will not forget for many a day. Within fifteen minutes after the 
last boat landed, the classes were formed into companies ready for 
the march. 

At 1 1. 15 there ascended from the hill three bombs, which burst 
in the air, and the great line started. In the lead of the first divi- 
sion was a line containing representatives of '68, '69, '70, '71 and 
'72. G. B. Glidden ('93) was in the lead of the first division, fol- 
lowed by the Waltham Watch Company brass band. Mrs. Ellen H. 
Richards ('73) was the only woman in line, with the exception of 
two of this year's graduates. Miss Florence Luscomb and Miss 
Lahvesia V. C. Packwood, who marched with '09 in the rear. 

It was a glorious June day, and, as the serried classes marched 
up over the brow of the hill and through the amphitheatre where 
the ladies were waiung in the stands, it was like the return of a 
victorious army. Here the classes broke ranks, and the men joined 
their ladies at the red, yellow, or blue tag rendezvous for luncheon. 
When we can say without fear of a question that the luncheon ser- 
vice was perfect and that the immense throng of hungry people 
were fully, amply, thoroughly and most satisfactorily fed in less 
than three-quarters of an hour, we feel that we have hardly done 
justice to the skilful manner in which Damon ('91) carried out 
his assignment at the Atlantic House. It was a piece of gusta- 
tory engineering worthy of a master's degree. 

At 12.40 the firing of three more bombs announced the beginning 
of the marvellous stunts, and the crowd gathered in the stands 
erected on the lawn, the hotel piazzas and roof. The weather 

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346 The Technology Review 

was ideal, and there was no need for utilizing the great tents which 
had been provided in case of rain. 

President Maclaurin began the ceremonies by presenting bou- 
quets of flowers to the oldest and youngest graduates of the Insti- 
tute, — Professor Robert H. Richards ('68) and Henry K. Spencer 
('09). Then the stunts were on. *68 was represented by Pro- 
fessor Richards, who blithely entered the arena and recited the fol- 
lowing poem written by Laura E. Richards, skipping a rope briskly 
as an accompaniment: — 


You're building a bridge or digging a mine 
Or boring a mountain through : 

Whatever you're doing, 

You'll sometimes be ruing 
The state it has brought you to. 
Get up and turn your back on it. 
Five minutes with the rope, 

And dull despair 

And carking care 
Will turn to joy and hope. 

Thus we, the brothers of memory. 
And you, the brothers of hope. 

Are bound together. 

Come wind, come weather. 
And all by the kindly rope. 
If you are in trouble, just give it a twitch. 
And we'll be there like a shot. 

With friendship flowing. 

With goodwill glowing. 
All brothers upon the spot! 

Chorus. I 

For it isn't a rope to hang yourself. 
And it isn't a scourge for to bang yourself. 
But it's just the thing for a boy, you know. 
To hop and to skip with, thus and so! 

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Stunt Day at Nantasket 347 

As he passed in front of each class in the arena, he was cheered 
to the echo, and he finally presented the rope to President Critchett 


'71 was represented by three of its members, who gave a cheer 
for the old class which was convincing evidence that they were 
still there with the spirit. 

'72 sent out four men who put up a fine talkative cheer that won 

'73 marched forth with a long banner, supported above the single 
file of men, bearing claims to such glories as: **We founded 
the Alumni Association"; '*We graduated the first co-ed"; "We 
built the East Boston Tunnel"; '*We were president of the 
Boston Chrisdan Endeavor Association for 25 years"; dnd **We 
have bossed 25,000 miles of railroad." • 

'74 brought out a float bearing the modest claim that it was "The 
Biggest Pebble on the Beach," and ten of its members supported 
a walking terrestrial globe five feet in diameter, belted equatorially 
with the statement "Technology Known Around the World." '74 
also produced a novelty by blowing its class numeral on tin horns, 
like a fire alarm,— seven blasts, pause, and four blasts. 

'75 next came on the scene, dressed in college gowns in the colors 
of The Spectrum y Tech's first paper, and representing printer, 
reporter, devil, subscriber, etc. The stunt was performed by seven 
men, captained by B. Leighton Beals, and fac-similes of the first 
copy published were distributed through the audience. 

'76 had a novel cheer, referring to the statement that one of the 
class members got ^{25,000 for a month's work in examining the 
Panama Canal — which he didn't get. "Who got ^25,000 for one 
month ?" they cried. "We did." "Was it worth it?" asked the 
leader. "Yes," said the class solemnly, and hastened away. 

'yy had a big flag-raising event. The tightly rolled banner was 
raised slowly to a height of thirty feet, by successive five-foot joints 
of bamboo, two bombs which developed into figures upon bursting 
meanwhile being fired from behind the stand. The long pole was 
held by guy ropes at intervals, and, when it was finally up, the 
class gave their cheer and the large *'/y banner was unfurled. 

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348 The Technology Review 

It was a pretty stunt, and called forth a '77 cheer from the class 
of '07. 

'78 bore a four-sided transparency with these inscriptions: "'78 
gave to Technology its greatest honor, Governor Eben S. Draper," 
and on the other side, "L. O. Towne of '78 was the man 
who selected the Technology colors in 1876, — silver gray and 

'79 also brought forth a banner claiming the distinction of having 
chosen the Technology colors, and a young riot nearly resulted. 
Following the pandemonium of rival howls, the class distributed 
hand-bills eulogizing themselves as the class that "did things," and 
called attention to the fact that, as Professor Pickering of their 
class had been offered j 10,000,000 for experimentation along the 
line of communication with Mars, they would proceed to produce 
a ''Message from Mars." They first rang a bell, then tried fire- 
works and a mirror, and finally sent up a balloon. They received 
a reply saying, '"79 are certainly hell." The final try to send a 
message was by a tiny cannon about three inches long. 

'80 and '81 held a walking match, a remembrance of the original 
match between Dr. John Duff ('81) — ^who won — and W. T. Miller 
('80). Those who attended the last reunion will remember the 
same stunt, when Dr. DufF again won. This year, however. 
Miller turned the tables, skipping a bit as he went, and getting 
across the arena first, apparently much to his satisfaction. 

'82 did a parade under a large banner bearing the inscription, 

"We may not look it, but we're eighty-two," and gave the class 

'83 presented Horace B. Gale as President Taft, with a Scotch- 
clad "golf cabinet," in a golf stunt. He made ludicrous and vain 
attempts to hit the ball, a bigger ball and bigger club being provided 
with each failure. Finally, a ball four inches in diameter was teed 
up, and the "big stick" marked "T. R." was given him, and he 
got off a lo-yard drive, nearly killing one of his caddies. 

'84, with the slogan "Our Silver Anniversary," did some march- 
ing manoeuvres with the cheer " '84, '84, — ^we are good for a few 
years more." They carried a banner, — ^"Young yet at a quarter 
of a century." 

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Stunt Day at Nantaskct 349 

'85 hustled in a float, "drawn" by Litchfield as a hobby-horse, 
driven by R. H. Pierce. On the comers were apparently seated 
four peachy Romans, representing the arts and sciences, — fat 
pink legs having been built out onto the float from the waist lines 
of the bearers of the craft, — and at the centre was a tall draped 
canopy. The float was halted, the drapery fell, and "Queen" 
Arthur Plaisted, in a green sheath gown and peach-basket hat, was 
revealed. The float moved off the arena, and left "her" standing 
on a step-ladder, while the audience went wild. The stunt was 

The Class of '85 presents a "Sight" 

labelled " '85 presents a sight to the Institute," and the label was 
no libel. 

'86 sent in ten men, each encased with framed cloth signs, which 
dropped to form square skirts, reading along the line "Eighty 
Six." Mrs. Kerr led the '86 parade with her two sons, one a grad- 
uate of this year and the other a sophomore at the Institute. For- 
mer Acting President Noyes was one of the '86 group. 

'87's men entered in colunm of twos, completely enshrouded in 
sheets, the band playing an uncanny march. After march- 
ing evolutions they formed in a circle in the centre of the 
arena, facing inward, with two leaders in the ring. At a given 

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350 The Technology Review 

signal all threw off their sheets, and were revealed as devils with 
marvellously long red tails. A wild dance was held to the 
accompaniment of 

"A bold, bad man and a desperado i 
He came to town on a wild tornado, 
He rolled around like a gay gazabo; 
And every time he took a drink, Zip! 1" 

Then the leaders broke through the line and ran out, pursued by the 
other devils. 

'88, attired in jumpers and mortar-board caps, gave a rousing 
class cheer, and then, forming themselves in the figures 88, knelt 
down and left a large representation of their numerals in white 
confetti on the greensward. 

'89 came with a brass cannon, made by one of the class mem- 
bers, J. R. B. Fiske, in the Technology shops, and first fired to 
celebrate the first football victory. It was fired again, to the accom- 
paniment of hearty cheers for '89. 

'90 had a stock of cheers, the bunch responding with a lusty 
example of the original '90 yell when asked by the leader, "Who 
licked '89 r and "Who licked '91 ?" 

'91 presented an elaborate stunt entitled ''Education, or the 
Modem Perseus." Howard C. Forbes as Youth loafed into the 
arena, and was presented by Alma Mater, in the person of W. B. 
Trowbridge, with a shield marked "Education," a sword, and a 
wreath of laurel. Youth then strutted about with a "the-world- 
is-mine'* air, and was bravely decapitating a couple of poppies when 
he perceived the entrance of a green and awful dragon, — ^"The 
World — The Money Power." This beast had more than thirty 
legs, the two front ones belonging to W. B. Douglass, and at the 
first valiant onslaught of Youth it gaped its red maw, took him 
in, and marched off with him enclosed. The stunt was one of the 
most striking of the day. It was prettily done and called forth 
admiring cheers. 

'92 rushed in, grouped itself about a central banner, struck flare 
matches, and gave lustily its class cheers, while the fireworks ap- 

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Stunt Day at Nantasket 351 

paratus sent up bombs which blossomed in mid-air into '92 banners. 
They rushed off as quickly as they had come. 

'93 entered with a coffin and a long string of placards bearing 
the numerals of the classes from '68 to '09, and forthwith produced 
the charade "1893 — ^A — wake." Each placard was laid to rest 
with an ominous groan from the class and cheers from the various 
classes in the audience. '93's placard refused to stay put, spring- 
ing out of the coffin on a spring despite repeated efforts to bury it. 

Howard Forbes ('91), before feeding the Crocodile 

and, as the class marched off, the trappings of woe were turned to 
the class colors, yellow and black. 

'94 gave a reproduction of the Olympic Marathon race in Eng- 
land, S. C. Prescott, as Dorando, wearing the '93 numerals, and 
W. H. King^ as Johnny Hayes, running under the '94 colors. Do- 
rando fell, was helped, doped, and carried over the line by his 
admirers to receive the blessing of the king and queen, who occu- 
pied the "royal box." Hayes came in a fair second, and claimed 
the victory, but was kicked from the arena by "King Edward." 

'95 showed "Revision Upwards" with the aid of a donkey. Taft 
and Roosevelt at the head of the line of '95-ers were protected from 
the frequent attacks of a most energetic Bryan by the football 
tactics of several secret service men. 

'96 presented a well-worked-up dumb show of the frustrated 
wedding of Miss Technology to Johnny Harvard. The bride and 
groom had advanced to the altar to the strains of the Wedding 

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352 The Technology Review 

March from "Lohengrin/' and were about to be given away by 
President Pritchett. Suddenly Lochinvar Maclaurin rushed breath- 
lessly to the fore, and rescued the bride. Pritchett was removed 
by Carnegie, and Harvard had to be sadsiied by taking away Pro- 
fessors Swain and Clifford. The players: Dr. J. A. Rockwell, 
Harvard; A. D. Maclachlan, Miss Tech; Dr. H. S. Gilman, best 
man Eliot; N. H. Sanderson, President Pritchett; E. S. Mansfield, 
Maclaurin; H. G. Crush, Swain; and S. F. Wise, Clifford. 

'97 depicted "well-known men" in a parade of some length. 
Roosevelt, Taft, Cannon and Rockefeller were among those cari- 

'98 gave a reproduction of the dancing features of "The Follies 
of 1908," with Merry Widow-ed, sheath-gowned chorus girls and 
handsome dancing men. The most ridiculous feature was a por- 
trayal of the Radium Ballet by four muscular "damsels," promi- 
nent among whom was Professor C.-E. A. Winslow, whose 
graceful antics called forth the plaudits of the assembly. 

'99 caricatured all the old favorites in the Faculty, and, led by the 
inevitable *'Mac" in Scotch kildes, ambled in and sprang some of 
the old '99 cheers. Their sign read "The Faculty in 1915," and it 
was pleasant to see that all the professors were srill in the ranks. 

'00 did "the survival of the fittest" in a leap-frog contest indulged 
in by more than thirty men arrayed in fantasdcal caps. 

'01 carried uniquely constructed signs which made in air the 
letters "M. I. T. '01," and a marching stunt was employed which 
brought this to the view of the successive sides of the arena. 

'02, caricaturing the more prominent members of the Faculty, 
gave an impromptu faculty baseball game, where it was "every man 
for himself." In the midst of a rapid circling of the bases the 
umpire decided that the rounds should be made the other way, and 
accordingly shifted the bases. The final score was announced as 
o to o in favor of the Faculty. 

'03 did "The Site" in a night-shirt parade, which halted, faced 
the audience, and showed the words — one letter to a man — "Aren't 
we a site" on their breasts, then turned and showed "Welcome to 
our Mac" on their backs. 

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Stunt Day at Nantaskct 353 

'04 hauled about the arena a decorated wagon from which a 
stream of confetti spouted continuously. Frequent revolver shots 
by the captain who marched alongside the vehicle made the 
supply reservoir on the wagon belch small red and blue balloons 
marked '04, which gayly floated out to sea. 

'05 sent out a Zulu who stuck up in the grass a sign reading 
"Jungle." Then entered Theodore Roosevelt, attended by a Nat- 
ure Faker, reporters from The Techy the Outlook and NewTork Sun, 

How Miserable was Marcy ('05), wrrn the Foot of the 
Conqueror on his Neck 

and various photographers, including Kermit. Two rather inane- 
looking lions, prodded into fierceness by the sprightly Zulus, were 
successfully shot by the ex-President, and then an elephant captured 
by the salt-on-his-tail method, that he might be used for a beast 
of burden for the day's shoot. 

'06 depicted ** Three Weeks at Tech,'' burlesquing military drill 
and Junior Week, with Junior Prom, Technique Rush, Tech Show 
and the Spring Concert stationed at different points of the arena,, 
proving rival attractions. 

'07's stunt was a realistic reproduction of the Tech-police riot of 
1904, full of real ginger. A group of cops stationed themselves 

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354 '^^^ Technology Review 

on a crude wooden construction labelled "Rogers Steps." A bunch 
of students, clad in the familiar overalls and caps, marched on them^ 
singing "All policemen have big feet." Result, a most realistic 
fight. When the smoke of battle cleared away, there were more 
blue coats than students prone upon the ground. An ambulance 
was hustled to the scene, and the victims were unceremoniously 
hauled from the field. 

'08 gave the "Follies of 1908." This class depicted Taft's elec- 
tion, the funeral of the panic the conquest of the air, and Kurt 
Vonnegut, in uncensored abandon, gave a Salome dance with a 
sanguinary cabbage head. 

'09 gave a circus parade so varied as to be kaleidoscopic in effect^ 
with drum corps, real bands and fake bands, tall men and midgets, 
one of the co-eds as the "original bearded lady," another grace- 
fully riding a horse as Queen of Sheba, clowns and clever acro- 
bats. This stunt was indescribably ludicrous, and there was so 
much to it that nobody saw it all. 

'09 passed out, and three more bombs announced the finish of 
the great all-Tech day, which will go down in history amid a con- 
fusion of pleasant memories. 

The events of the day had been run ofl^ without a hitch, one stunt 
follov^ing another like clock-work. None was sufl^ered to continue 
to the point of boring anybody, for that energetic committee simply 
waved a megaphone at the proper instant and the class faded. 

Photographs were taken of the beach parade and nearly every 
stunt, and a moving-picture machine was trained on the lively 
features of the day. The moving-picture film, which has recently 
been developed in the Lowell Building under the supervision of 
Professor Lawrence, proved so good that it was exhibited at Keith's 
Bijou Dream the last week in June. 

At four o'clock everybody was packed, laughing and happy, onto 
the steamers, and the homeward trip begun. 

The line cuts in this article were reproduced from Goldsmith's 
cartoons in the Boston Globe. 

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The Reunion Banquet 355 


A Magnificent Climax to the Three Days' Reunion Cele- 
bration — President Madaurin makes a Declaration of 

The great Reunion Banquet of 1909 will long be remembered 
for its magnitude and brilliancy, but chiefly because on that occasion 
the new President made a formal declaration of the Institute's 
policy that brought the audience to a climax of enthusiasm and 
opened the way for the serious work that is before us. He stated 
that it was the purpose of the Institute to secure a new site and 
raise a new Technology; that there would be no more talk of the 
merger with Harvard, but that the Institute would co-operate with 
Harvard wherever such co-operation was possible. 

In its appointments and proportions the banquet was an unusual 
one, even for Boston. The magnificent hall was in gala-dress and 
aglow with light and color. Nearly a thousand alumni filled 
the tables, and in the balconies were ladies and guests who 
entered into the spirit of the occasion as fully as the banqueters 

The decorations about the speakers' table at the front of the stage 
had been wrought with striking skill, and with the great masses of 
flowers, the scintillauons from scores of candelabra and the class 
shields amid ropes and banks of green, the scene was one of splen- 
dor to the onlooker. 

The diners themselves were apparently as freshly enthusiastic as 
they were before the three strenuous days of jollity began. The 
air was alive with the sdr of music and song, the snap of catchy 
class yells, and now and then one of the guests at the speakers' 
table or a prominent alumnus was given a long Tech cheer. 

Soon after the banquet began, a smokeless flashlight picture was 

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356 The Technology Review 

taken, and in less than an hour nearly every man in the audience 
had the suq>iise of seeing himself in the group of diners that was 
projected on the screen. 

Just after the fish course was served, the audience was startled 
by the wild inrush of half a hundred newsboys, who nearly produced 
a stampede by their yells, as they quickly distributed special extras 
of the Boston Daily Globe, The paper was the regular edition 
of the Globe of Wednesday, with the entire first page devoted to an 
account not only of the events at Nantasket, from which the men 
had just arrived, but also of the banquet itself, part of which was yet 
to come. On the page were pictures of Dr. Maclaurin and some 
of the men connected with the reunion, also a future vision of the 
new Technology that is to be, and a list of the men who were present. 
It was several minutes after the onslaught of the newsboys before 
the readers understood that it was a special edition printed by the 
Globe for distribution at the Tech Banquet only. It was a wonderful 
piece of newspaper enterprise because of its attractive make-up and 
accuracy. It had to be printed after the regular morning edition 
had gone to press, and both the accounts of the stunts at Nantasket 
and of the evening banquet had to be written the day before. 

Those who sat at the head table were President Maclaurin, 
Dr. Noyes, Governor Draper, Samuel J. Elder, Speaker Joseph 
Walker of the House of Representatives, Professor Gaetano Lanza, 
Professor Francis H. Smith of the University of Virginia, Arthur 
D. Little, Everett Morss, President T. W. Robinson of the Commer- 
cial Club of Chicago, Colonel Charles Hayden, Colonel Thomas 
L. Livermore, Secretary George H. Martin of the State Board of 
Education, Toastmaster E. S. Webster, Frederick P. Fish, Sec- 
retary Ralph W. Pope of the American Institute of Electrical 
Engineers, Professor George F. Swain, vice-president of the 
American Society of Civil Engineers, Secretary Calvin W. Rice of 
the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, President Willis 
R. Whitney of the American Chemical Society and James P. 

Throughout the dinner the 8th Regiment Band, led by Harry 
Stiles, made things lively, and frequently struck up the air of a 

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The Reunion Banquet 357 

Tech song, in which all joined with a vim. The most popular of the 
special songs which were provided at each plate had a mathematical 
chorus. It went like this to the air of ** Dennis": — 

How soft were Swain's commands, 

How gently Charlie slewl 
And Peabo finds some mischief still 

For idle hands to do. 

xf + iSxy -f 3P (18 + 3f) + X = iSxy (l8 + lSxy» +x). 

Sung thus. — 

Xy square plus eighteen xy^ 

Plus y into eighteen plus x^ 
Plus X equals eighteen 
Xy into eighteen 

Plus eighteen xy square plus x / 

Thcj/algebraic chorus was contributed by Gelett Burgess, who 
also wrote a song for the occasion to the air of "The Good Old 
Summer Time," which was as follows : — 

At the good old M. I. T., 

At the good old M. I. T., 
You have to work like a son-of-a-gun 

To capture your degree; 
You dig and delve from nine till five, 

Then home and study till three. 
Your brains are strong, or you don't stay long 

At the good old M. I. T. 

At the good old M. I. T., 

At the good old M. I. T., 
We set the pace that wins the race 

We've got the men, we've got the dope. 

We've got the mettle, and we 
Can engineer Creation at 

The good old M. I. T. 

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At the good old M. I. T., 

At the good old M. I. T., 
You bet your neck the good old Tech 

Is good enough for me! 
Before I die, I want to tiy 

The steps of Rogers to see, 
And watch again how they make good men 

At the dear old M. I. T. 

One of the parodies that was well received was set to the air of 
''My Bonnie".— 

Maclaurin came over the ocean, — 

Maclaurin, our hope is in thee, — 
Maclaurin came over to Boston 

To pilot our dear M. I. T. 


Greenbacks, greenbacks, 

Bonnie big bunches we want to see; 

Greenbacks, greenbacks. 
Oh, greenbacks, we're waiting to see. 

The Tech engineers that have stood out for a lock canal at Panama 
were commemorated by a song set to the tune of "Old Lang Syne," 
as follows: — 

Somt say a lock canal cannot 

Be strictly on the level; 
We know they're daft. 
And Tech and Taft 

Consign them to the — [long pause]. 

Be it ever so humble. 
There's no place like home. 

The delightful inconsequentiality of the last line made it necessary 
to have it repeated time and again. 

The one Technology ceremony that is never omitted came just 

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The Reunion Banquet 359 

after the coffee had been served. The whole audience arose to 
sing the world-famous Stein Song in memory of Mr. F. F. 
Bullard who composed the music. Then President Webster arose^ 
and as soon as he could get silence presented the long-distance 
cup to the man who had come the farthest to the reunion. The 
winner was Mr. J. A. Patch ('00) from Beirut, Syria. It was also 
found that Mr. Norman Watkins ('98) had come all the way from 
Honolulu, and he was also presented with a cup. After long 
cheers for Patch and Watkins, President Webster called the meet- 
ing to order and made a ringing appeal for earnest work from the 
alumni in behalf of Technology. 

Mr. Webster aroused great enthusiasm by reminding the alumni 
of the success of the Institute and of the celebration : — 

I need not tell you [he said] that this reunion has been a great suc- 
cess. It has been of very great benefit to the. Institute to have you all here 
together, and it has been of still more benefit to every one of us. We 
have certainly all had a good time. 

This is a critical time in the history of the Institute. Until recently 
there has been a difference of opinion as to whether or not the Institute 
could be maintained at its present site. After most careful consideration 
of this question, lasting over a period of several years, the opinion now 
is pracdcally unanimous, both in the Corporadon and in the Faculty, 
that the Insdtute must move to some new site where there is sufficient 
room for its proper development. [Great cheering.] 

The very important question of choosing the best site is now being con- 
sidered by a special committee of the Corporarion, of which the president 
of the Alumni Association is also a member. This is a move which the 
Insdtute cannot make without material aid, and we who have received so 
much from the Institute must help to the best of our ability. [Cheers.] 
The members of this Association have done a great deal for the Insd- 
tute in the past, but now the rime has come for us to render our real ser- 
vice. We must return service to the Institute in this critical period that 
is commensurate with what she has given to us. Those who are not in a 
position to give money can do equally effective work by making the needs 
of the Insdtute known to friends who could be induced to contribute. 

It 18 especially important that this effort be made in all parts of the 
country. The Institute is of nadonal importance, and our efforts should 
not be confined to New England. 

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360 The Technology Review 

This question of a new site will undoubtedly be brought up before our 
new Council m a definite way, and, after having the sanction of that body, 
an appeal will be made to all. I want to urge upon you to respond gen- 
erously and promptly and with the same enthusiasm you have shown 
during this reunion, for the most difficult part of this work is to get it 
started. [Cheers.] Dr. Maclaurin will explain this whole matter more 
fully to you later this evening. 

The Council which you have recently elected gives us for the first time 
a thoroughly representative body to handle the business of this Association. 
This Council has a member from each class, also from nearly all of the 
local alumni associations, and several members at large, and puts us in a 
position to give to the Institute the benefit of the experience of its graduates 
in the broadest possible way. This Council is working in co-operation 
with the Executive Committee of the Institute and with the Faculty, and 
at the request of the Executive Committee has already appointed special 
conunittees to deal with several important problems in connection with 
the Institute's work. 

These committees in most cases will work with similar committees of 
the Corporation, and in that way the different departments will get the 
benefit not only of the advice and direction of its executive officers and 
members of the Corporation, but also of some of the leading graduates 
from the departments under consideration. 

It is a great honor to be a member of the Council, and it is particularly 
important that, as vacancies occur, we elect representative men, so that 
its present hi^ standard may be maintained. 

Governor Draper, speaking on "Industrial Education," said in 
part: — 

My idea of industrial education is that it should furnish education to 
scholars who are now, many of them, attending our public schools, so that 
the total number of pupils to be educated will not, of necessity, be materi- 
ally increased, but that it will simply be furnishing a greater choice of 
education to these pupils who are going to school 

I therefore believe that, if these schools are properly located and wisely 
started, they will tend to take care of the natural growth in number of 
pupils, and that it will simply be the building and starting schools for in- 
dustrial education rather than building more high and grammar schools 
under the present system. 

In various sections of the country in the Commonwealth it will be nece»- 

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The Reunion Banquet 361 

saiy for several towns to combine in the establishment of an industrial 
school. In cities, of course, that will not be so. Industrial schools in one 
section will furnish education on the basic principle of agriculture, in another 
section of mechanical pursuits having to do with working of iron or steel, 
in another preparation for the great textile industries, in another the learn- 
ing how to work wood or leather, etc. No one industrial school can supply 
full information in all these directions, but different schools in different 
sections of the state can furnish special information in all these and many 
other directions. 

President Maclaurin was received with wild applause. He said: — 

We are here on the last night of this great reunion, for which many 
of us have been thinking and planning for months. I feel sure that we 
all owe a deep debt of gratitude to all those who have worked so hard to 
make the arrangements so completely satisfactory. It has been a happy 
and an inspiring time for every one of us. I believe that this reunion has 
added a year to your life, — made you all feel younger, — and a man is just 
as old as he feels. 

Not only has it been to yourselves a happy time, but it has been an 
especially inspiring time to the members of the Faculty. I think too much 
criticism has been made in recent years of the teaching profession: its inade- 
quate emoluments and its narrowing influence have been unduly empha- 
sized. Its splendid compensation, in my judgment, is the opportunity it 
affords to take part in a gathering such as this. It has put new life and 
new enthusiasm into the most faded member, while to me it has been a 
revelation and an inspiration, — a revelation of what the Tech spirit really 

I would not have thought it possible in an insdtudon such as this, which 
is largely lacking in the outward directions of college life such as I knew 
in prehistoric da3rs [lau^ter], when I was an undergraduate. I would 
not have thou^t that such an insdtudon would foster such a genuine feel- 
ing of loyalty and enthusiasm. 

It has shown me what it means to have loyal, enthusiastic men at one's 
back; it has put into me something of the genuine and glowing optimism of 
the West; and I think it must help me to face those serious problems I 
know 1 have to face in the future. 

Now I am not going to pretend — for it would be mere pretence — that I 
am fri^tened by these problems. I don't think they are going to be so 
terribly serious. But, as Governor Draper reminded us the other evening, 

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362 The Technology Review 

we shall have to do much more than congratulate Technology, as we have 
been doing so much of late, somewhat to the detriment of our voices. We 
shall have to think Technology, work Technology, dream Technology, and 
do very little else for many a day to come. 

There is so much to be done that there is found to be difference of opinion 
as to what is the best thing to do first. I for one am perfectly definite that 
the thing to do first is to secure a new site, and on that new site raise a new 
Technology with all the good characteristics of the old Technology. [Loud 
cheers.] I may say that this demand for a new site is not the result of any 
sudden judgment, but that it has been slowly forced upon the convictions 
of practically all those who have seriously studied the problem and have 
the interest of Technology at heart. 

It would take up too much time if I were to tiy to give you all the reasons 
for the change of site. Suffice it to say that practically every one who has 
considered the subject seriously agrees that a new site is absolutely essential. 

Now we must have more than a site. Of course, we must have build- 
ings on that site. But the first thing for us to do is to centre our energy 
on the site. That is by far the most difficult problem we have to face. 
The question of what is to be our site is, of course, an extremely important 
question. I would be afraid to say how many sites have been suggested, — 
perhaps thirty or forty. To a large number of those I have just the classical 
objections. One is that they are very hard to find, and the second is that 
they are of no use when you have found them, [t^aughter.] 

But there remain several sites which, if we can acquire them, would 
be admirably adapted to our purpose. The practical question is. Can we 
acquire them ? Now, if you have any strong convictions as to what is the 
best site, I should be delighted for you to give me the reasons for those 
convictions. But the question of the site to be got must be largely deter- 
mined by the cost of the site. In general, I may say, it has been estimated 
that something in the nature of |ti, 000,000 will be necessary to purchase a 
suitable site. 

There has been no regular canvass to obtain money for that purpose, 
but a few citizens who have been privately consulted — a few close friends 
of the Institute — have indicated their willingness to subscribe something 
like from |i 50,000 to ^200,000 toward the purchase of a site [loud cheers], 
with the condition that the whole thing is completed within a specified time. 

Now it may be your opinion as practical men, having sat down and 
counted the cost, that we must come to the conclusion that the cost is too 
great. But I hope most sincerely that you will not take that view of the 

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The Reunion Banquet 363 

cost, for it seems to me that the all-important, the one great question for 
us to consider is the cost of doing nothing. 

Consider just for a moment what that would mean. It would mean 
that this Institute of Technology, which has been planned so nobly and 
buik so solidly and so well, which has stood the test of time, which has 
proved its stability and usefulness in countless ways, which has sent out 
so many men throughout the world to advance the bounds of knowledge, 
which has helped so much to develop the natural resources of this country, 
which has made for itself a unique position in the educational world, — 
that such an institution should now, through lack of care on our part, begin 
to crumble and erelong fall. I feel confident that this State, proud as it 
justly is of its devotion to education and ever interesting itself in solid work, 
will not allow such a thing to happen, and I feel confident that you will not 
consider the possibility of allowing it to happen. 

But the problem is not going to be solved by mere enthusiastic talk. It 
must be attacked in a practical way, with business-like organization. I 
ask you now to set yourselves at once to organizing your efforts and to see- 
ing what can really be done. To me it would be unwarrantable liberty 
to ask you to give money, knowing as I do the sacrifices you have made 
in this direction. It is not so much money that I ask for. I know you 
will give that as far as you can. The problem presented to you is that of 
giving time, thou^t, and energy to the work of interesting other people 
in this Institute. 

Technology is no local affair, though we are proud of its connection 
with Boston. Officially, however, it is a State institution. It is the Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology, and its connection with the State could 
not be more aptly indicated than by the presence here tonight of one whom 
we delight to honor, — our own Governor, Mr. Draper. [Cheers.] But 
not even the great State of Massachusetts is broad enough to contain our 
interest. Ours is a national institution. We obtain nearly half our stu- 
dents from beyond the borders of this State, and after graduation they are 
scattered more particularly throughout the length and breadth of this 
Union, and even beyond that. Its national importance is recognized by the 
central government. 

This institution is certainly not going backward. It has been a great 
national asset, and it is going to continue a great national asset and become 
a greater one, because I know you are going to rally with all your enthusi- 
asm to its support, and make its further development not only possible, 
but inevitable. You are going to bring home to the almost countless inter- 

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364 The Technology Review 

ests throughout this country^ — the interests affected^by the higher technical 
education, ^^ether in manufacturing, transportation, in mining, in engi- 
neering in ail its various branches, whether in architecture or in the great 
work of serving the public health — the strong claims this Institute has on 
their sympathies. And when you have done this, as I know you will with 
tact and energy and padence, then surely you will have your reward. 

There will be no more talk of merger with Harvard, said President 
Maclaurin finally, amid tremendous cheering, but I think we should be 
fake to every precept of decency if we did not reciprocate most heartily 
the genuine expression of good will that President Lowell has so recently 
made. [More cheering.] And I think we should be equally false to every 
precept of common sense if we failed to do our utmost to co-operate with 
Harvard wherever such co-operation is possible. [Cheers.] I believe that 
in the domain of applied science there is much that we can do for our mu- 
tual help, but, to make co-operation real and practical, we must be strong 
enough for independence. [Applause.] May this be the great practical 
result of this great reunion. [Cheers.] 

Former President Arthur A. Noyes dealt with student life at the 
Institute. He said: — 

I fear there is much misapprehension about our situation in this respect, 
¥^ich is doing us a great deal o^ harm. It is not realized that in this 
direction lies one of our great advantages over other colleges. At times 
some even of our alumni have expressed the opposite opinion. One must, 
however, I believe, entirely ignore either the conditions at the colleges or 
those now prevailing at the Institute, to hold such an opinion. 

The serious condition of the colleges is well shown when, with reference 
to the subordination of the intellectual to the athletic and social interests, 
one of our leading college presidents, who has done most for the improve- 
ment of such conditions, can say: "So far as the colleges go, the side-shows 
have swallowed up the circus, and we in the main tent do not know what 
is going on, and I am not sure that I want to continue under these condi- 
tions as a ring master. There are more honest occupations than teaching, 
if you cannot teach." 

We of the Institute may well be glad that we have so far escaped these 
evils, and heed the lessons which they give us in its bearing on the future 
development of our student life. The question for us is only. Are we 
making the mistake of going too far in the other direction ? 

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The Reunion Banquet 365 

The Institute maintains^ and I hope always will maintain, the principle 
that during the short eight months of each year during the four years of 
the student's career all other activities (except those of maintaining health) 
must be absolutely subordinated to the intellectual ones. But this does 
not mean that the other sides of development are to be entirely neglected. 

We have chapters of 17 Greek fraternities with a total membership of 
356 students, or about 25 per cent, of the whole. We have six local socie- 
ties, primarily of a social character, with 126 members. We have a large 
number of athletic teams. We have musical clubs, professional societies 
connected with almost every course, territorial organizations, state clubs, 
British Empire Association, Southern Club, high school clubs, etc. Then 
there are the publications, involving a combination of business, journalistic 
and artistic activities, and finally the Tech Show. 

Our student life is upon a thoroughly sound basis, and our student spirit 
is admirable, so that we may feel confident that student activities will be 
properly developed. We may therefore feel sure that this problem vfhich 
is so extremely perplexing to the colleges is finding a most satisfactory 
solution with us. 

Samuel J. Elder was next called upon. In speaking of the wel- 
come to President Maclaurin, he said: — 

This is a welcome not merely from this Institute, nor from this ancient 
city, nor this proud state, but a welcome from the country. 

I do not need to call the attention of your distinguished guest, who early 
visited this country, and ¥^ose recent years here have shown it to him, to 
the intense, vital enthusiasm of Americans to their school and college. 

In the far-flung battle line of our industrial life, in the mines, in the canals, 
in the gigantic public works of the day, there are Tech men everywhere. 
They return in magnificent numbers and with intensest lo3ralty to their 
academy halls. There is no disintegrating force in their highly specialized 

We need make no apology for this American enthusiasm. It crystallizes 
the finest ambidons and ideals of our youth. It is a part of our upbearing. 

We welcome 3rou, sir, into this inheritance. Some may call it mere sen- 
dment, and so it is, but it is one of the best sendments of our lives. It is 
a part of our faith. It spreads out into many branches, but is always true 
to the parent trunk, and draws its nourishment from it. As Holmes said, — 
not the genial Autocrat of the Breakfast Table, but his distinguished son: 
"It is all a symbol, if you like; but so is the flag. The flag is but a bit of 

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366 The Technology Review 

bunting to one vrho insists on prose. Yet its red is our life-blood, its stars 
our world, its blue our heaven. It owns our land. At will it throws away 
our lives." And so of school and college. Lo3ralty to them dominates 
us, compels us, owns our lives. 

The menu which the banqueters discussed was as follows: — 


Consomme Printaniere Ro3ral 
Medallion Penobscot Salmon, Sauce Hollandaise 

New Peas 

Fillet of Beef, Larded, Fresh Mushroom Sauce 

Potatoes aux Fines Herbes 

String Beans 

Sweetbreads, Glaces, with Asparagus Tips 


Roast Jumbo Squab, Farcie 

Lettuce and Tomato Salad 

Fancy Frozen Pudding 


Assorted Cake 

CoflFee Cigars 

Moet & Chandon 

Imperial Crown Cuvee A. A. 


The preparation and serving of the dinner was generalled by 
Mr. Joseph J. Sheehan, steward of the Eastern Yacht Club, and 
the perfection of cookery and service for such a multitude, in a hall 
where the entire kitchen had to be installed, was little short of 

The committee in charge of the banquet consisted of C. C. 
Peirce ('86), chairman. Professor H. W. Gardiner ('94), Arthur 
D. Little C85), Gelett Burgess ('87), and W. E. Spalding ('85). 

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President Noyes' Administration 367 


A Period of Positive Achievement and Progress — The New 
Day of Co-operation begun • 

In making a review of the two years' administration of Acting 
President Noyes, which has just come to an end, one is struck by 
the fact that the period has been a time not of transition, but of 
positive achievement and progress. Long and intimate acquaint- 
ance with the Institute and its problems made it possible for him ta 
discern such matters as he could deal with fittingly, and to take them 
up without delay. This knowledge, combined with his courage 
and straightforwardness, has made it possible for the Institute to 
go forward surely and steadily. 

The first essential to such advance was a better understanding 
between the different bodies' responsible for the welfare of the In- 
stitute. It was fortunate that at the time when these bodies were 
acutely conscious of this need, the head of the Institute was a man 
who could bring to bear upon the situation his powers of truth and 
tact. Thanks in large measure to these powers, conditions have 
changed. The new day of co-operation has already begun. 

Another way in which President Noyes* individuality has told 
effectively is in his statements of the ideals and methods of the In- 
stitute. Seeing the Institute as a living organism, knowing its past 
and its present, and with a keen vision into its future, he had an 
opportunity which a happy inspiration and a clear sense of duty 
enabled him to take advantage of. Accordingly, he has presented 
on various occasions, not merely with no hint of deprecation, but 
with the force of hearty conviction, the fundamental and inevitable 
reasons for the type of education for which the Institute stands. 
Efficiency in education is naturally his watchword; and his ad- 
dresses are charged with a sense of the high mission of the Institute 
to maintain its position as a leader in American education by preach- 

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368 The Technology Review 

ing and practising this gospel. In so doing, President Noyes has 
shown himself to possess that quality of leadership which makes 
most for efficiency, the power to discern the thing in the immediate 
future which needs first to be done, and the power to bring others 
to his way of thinking. In the next few years, which are likely to 
see a relentless application of the test of efficiency to institutions 
that have hitherto gone scot-free, the timeliness of this work of his 
will be widely felt. Notable among these addresses, and perhaps 
the least known, is the "Talk on Teaching," which he delivered last 
year to the instructing staff of the Institute. The address, which 
deals with the fundamental problems of teaching as applied to the 
work of Institute instruction, is as impressive in its scholarly sin- 
cerity as was the occasion on which it was delivered, when those 
charged with the work of instruction at the Institute met together 
in the interest of their welfare as teachers. On all such occasions, 
whether addressing Faculty, students, or alunmi. Dr. Noyes has 
spoken with the force of individual conviction, respecting his audi- 
ence by offering them ideas instead of platitudes and genialities. 
He has not sought to avoid offence by being tame and safe: he 
has expected to arouse opposition. At a time when silence would 
have brought him universal praise, he has accepted all the conse- 
quences of fearless speech. 

The same ready and thorough knowledge of the Institute which 
has given weight to Dr. Noyes' articles and addresses rendered it 
possible for him without loss of time to begin upon many Institute 
matters that could be carried forward at this time independently 
of the overshadowing financial problem. A few of these affairs 
have been completed; a few have come to naught or have been 
suspended; most of them are well under way and waiting for his 
successor to take up. In these matters, though Dr. Noyes' work 
is merged in that of committees of the Corporation, of the Faculty, 
of the alumni, and of the students, yet his influence has counted for 
much. Whatever the matter in hand, he has brought to the dis- 
cussion ideas carefully thought out and the point of view of the 
general administrative officer on whom ultimate responsibility rests. 
The appointment of the committee of the G>rporation on the pro- 

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President Noyes' Administration 369 

motion of welfare of students, through whose aid the Tech Union 
was built, the thorough convassing of the need and the possibility 
of a requirement of four or five weeks of summer work at the end of 
the first year of the Institute course, the recent hopeful activity of 
the Committee on Site, are some of the most noteworthy examples 
of President Noyes' faculty of getting his ideas expressed in terms of 
discussion and action. In their diversity they make it clear that he 
has not confined himself to any single department of Institute life, 
but has made himself felt everywhere, — in the social life of the stu- 
dents, in the improvement of the courses of instruction, and in the 
paramount issue of securing an adequate material expression of 
what the Institute stands for in the community in which it makes 
its home. These are the three great questions that face the In- 
stitute in the next few years; and nothing testifies better to Presi- 
dent Noyes' ability as an acting president — a real executive — 
than his discernment that, with problems requiring so long a time 
for complete solution, he could do much to expedite the labors of 
Dr. Maclaurin by overcoming the initial inertia which is such a clog 
on the beginning of all large enterprises. Nowhere have the strong 
common sense which is such a distinctive quality in Dr. Noyes' 
scientific work and his firmness of purpose been better shown than 
in these necessary beginnings. Mere planning and speculation 
in itself has had small interest for him. His only questions have 
been whether the thing proposed was sound and right, and whether 
at the moment it could be profitably begun. Under such conditions 
it is difficult and certainly beside the point to attempt to assess and 
to publish his contribution in this respect to the progress of the 
Institute in the last two years. It is enough that those who have 
worked with him on these committees testify to his thoroughness, 
his impartiality, and his resourcefulness as an executive officer. 

The thing of most significance, however, in this brief period of 
Institute life is the influence, not official, but personal, which Presi- 
dent Noyes has come to have. It is the result of a force of character 
which, in impressing itself on others, works always through candor 
and sympathy. ''On occasions when I have talked intimately 
with students,'' he remarked in his talk on teaching, "I have often 

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370 The Technology Review 

fek how much more they need advice about life than about chemis- 
try,** And again, in an interview published at the time of the 
election of President Maclaurin, he said, referring to his own re- 
tirenient: ''I have no hesitation in saying that I would rather be 
President of the Institute than to hold any other position in the 
country, provided I felt myself well fitted to fulfil the duties of the 
place. I have, however, clearly recognized that this would not 
be for the true interests of the Institute; for it needs at its head a 
man with a larger working capacity, with a greater aptitude for the 
public and social sides of the work, and with certain other impor- 
tant qualities more highly developed/' 

Such examples, merely the first that come to mind, may help to 
explain how it is that this influence is not of the executive officer, 
but of the man himself. To such disarming sincerity and sympathy 
every one of the groups that make up the Insdtute as a whole has 
responded, each after its own kind. The loving-cup purchased by 
small contributions from the entire student body, the resolutions of 
the Faculty and of the Corporation, the hearty cheers of the alunmi 
during the recent reunion, — all these testify, though inadequately, 
to the gratitude of Technology men that the devoted service of a 
wise leader and a true friend has been made a part of the life of the 

Alma Mater, 1909: A. A. N. 

Mother, among thy children who deserve 

Thy living praise, will any hold his name 

In their remembrance, when a formal fame 
Join his with others' who, as men observe, 
Did larger service, — his who did not swerve. 

Although men called him and although there came 

The chance to grasp their glory, from his aim. 
Not to be so remembered, but to serve? 

Dear mother, though the world sees not, or sees. 
Thou hast, for all thy loyal loyal praise; 

Yet these which have desired that there be told 
No praise of them in the world's louder ways, 
Thou most shalt cherish, mother, and sh alt hold 
Nearest thy heart, that lives by such as these. 

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Honors for Dn Noyes 371 


A Loving Cup presented by the Student Body. — Resolutions 
of the Faculty and Corporation 

At a general convocation of the student body of the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology held in Huntington Hall May 21st, the 
esteem in which Dr. Arthur A. Noyes, the Acting President, is 
held was fittingly shown. 

Contrary to custom, the convocation was called by the Dean, and 
not by the President. James H. Critchett, president of the senior 
class, acted as spokesman for the student body, and presented Dr. 
Noyes with a silver loving-cup, bearing this inscription: "Presented 
to Dr. Arthur A. Noyes by the Undergraduates of the Massachu- 
setts Institute of Technology in gratitude for his faithful and efficient 
service, his warm-hearted sympathy and his unselfish devotion as 
Acting President, 1907-1909." 

The cup was purchased by subscription among the undergraduate 
body, practically every student contributing. The cup stands about 
twelve inches high. 

After the presentation. Dr. Noyes acknowledged the spirit of the 
men in making the gift, and thanked them for their zeal and co- 
operation in the work of the Institute. 

The convocation, which was the largest of the year, was remark- 
able for the enthusiasm shown. Dr. Noyes was greeted with cheer 
after cheer, and at the conclusion of his remarks the demonstration 
lasted for many minutes. 

The students followed close on the example of the Faculty in their 
expression of affection and gratitude. At the last regular faculty 
meeting of the year the following resolution was adopted by a 
unanimous rising vote: — 

Resolved, That the members of the Faculty of the Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology desire to express to Dr. Arthur A. Noyes, upon his concluding 

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372 The Technology Review 

his work as Acting President, their deep sense of the service he has rendered 
by his admirable executive ability, his power of initiative, his untiring labor, 
his unfailing tact and his contagious enthusiasm. Under his skilful manage- 
ment a period which might easily have been one of discouragement and 
detriment has been marked by distinct and constant advance in the affairs 
of the school and by the inception and progress of new and excellent meas- 
ures in its administration. They also wish to declare their admiration for 
the unselfishness with which he has laid aside for the time being the original 
work in which he has gained such distinction, in order to devote his energy 
to the interests of the Institute as a whole; and they thank him for the 
kindly and helpful spirit which has marked all his relations toward diem» 
both official and personal. 

On June 4 the Corporation passed the following resolution in 
appreciation of the work of Professor Noyes : — 

The Corporation of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology desires to 
place upon record its cordial appreciation of the exceptional service, as Act- 
ing President, rendered to the Institute by Professor Arthur A. Noyes since 
July, 1907. Giving up temporarily that work of research which was espe- 
cially congenial and through which he had brought high credit to Technol- 
ogy, Dr. Noyes undertook the duties of administration at a time when that 
responsibility was unusually difficult. He performed those labors not only 
with characteristic fidelity, but with distinct ability and success. To the 
task of finding a permanent president he brought special knowledge and 
untiring zeal. Not satisfied with the simple maintaining of established 
policies, he instituted new ones, and carried them so far and so well for- 
ward that he places the Institute in the hands of his successor in a condition 
not only excellent in itself, but full of the promise of immediate and im- 
portant growth. 

Growing in Influence 

The advertising returns for this volume of the Review will be 
about three times that of last year. The number of copies issued 
during the year will be approximately 25,000. The rate is low, and 
the quality of the audience high. The value of the space is shown 
by the character of the advertisers. 

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Meeting of the Alumni Council 373 


Important Committees Appcnnted to Co-operate with the 
Corporation — Research Work to be Extended 

The first meeting of the Alumni Council was held at the Tech- 
nology Club, May 12. 

On account of the press of other matter the Review will. only 
give a synopsis of the proceedings of this meeting, and will publish 
the full report of Secretary Humphreys in the October issue. 

The action of the meeting was based upon a communication of 
Acting President Noyes, in which he suggested that it would seem 
desirable to appoint a number of committees on the various Insti- 
tute departments which have at the present time difficult problems 
demanding consideration. These committees might co-operate 
with the corresponding visiting committees of the Corporation, 
joint meetings being held when it seems appropriate. 

Dr. Noyes suggested that committees be appointed at once to 
deal with the following important subjects: a camp for the Sur- 
veying Summer School of the Civil Engineering Department; 
instruction in refrigerating and gas engineering in the Mechani- 
cal Engineering Department and equipment for the same; the work 
and equipment for the Mechanic Arts Department. Dr. Noyes also 
suggested that the Council provide for initiating and arranging 
plans for the existing local alumni associations, to assist in form- 
ing new associations; to secure speakers for the annual meetings 
of the associations and to keep the secretaries of these associations 
in touch with the development and needs of the Institute. He also 
suggested the idea of promodng the foundation of Institute scholar- 
ships in connection with the more important high schools of this 
part of the country. 

It was voted that a special committee of three be appointed by 
the chair to consider the question of establishing a camp for the 

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374 'T^^ Technology Review 

Surveying Summer School of the Civil Engineering Department; 
that a committee of three be appointed by the chair to consider the 
question of instruction in refrigerating and gas engineering in the 
Mechanical Engineering Department; that a committee of three 
be appointed to consider the quesdon of scholarships for sending 
boys to the Institute in connection with the more important high 

The president received a suggestion from Mr. Henry Howard, 
'89, that the Institute give some particular attention to aeronautics, 
and aft6r discussion it was voted that a special committee of three 
be appointed by the chair to investigate and report on this matter. 

The Institute Committee, through its president, asked that the 
Alumni Council appoint a committee of three to act as an advisory 
•committee for the Institute Committee, as it was hoped by this 
means that students might keep in touch with the alumni and thus 
afford full co-operation. It was voted after consideration that a 
Committee on Student Welfare, consisting of three persons, be 
appointed by the chair to keep in touch with all undergraduate 
interests and to report on the same at the meetings of the Council; 
also to make such recommendations in regard to the welfare of the 
students as tnay seem wi$e. This committee to act as an advisory 
committee to the Institute Committee and other student activities, 
when requested. 

Mr. Harry A. Rapelye, '08, advocated the establishment of a 
research laboratory of engineering, and it was voted that a com- 
mittee of three be appointed by the chair to consider the question 
of establishing such a laboratory, which would comprise research 
work in the Mechanical, Electrical and Civil Engineering Depart- 

The question of the payment of dues was brought up, and after 
discussion it was decided that the Council would make it its busi- 
ness to collect all moneys due the Association with the exactness 
of a business house, and that every proper means to make this col- 
lection should be employed. 

President Webster has appointed three of the committees, as 
follows: surveying summer camp, Leonard Metcalf ('92), chair- 

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Meeting of the Alumni Council 375 

man, A. F. Bemis ('93), F. H. Fay C93); Aeronautics, Henry 
Howard ('89), chairman, Butler Ames ('96), Henry Morss, '(93); 
Student Welfare, Professor A. A. Noyes ('86), chairman, G. 
DW. Marcy C05); Howard L. Cobum C98). 

Photographs of the Reunion 

Through the eflForts of Professor W. H. Lawrence ('91), chair- 
man of the committee, we have a complete photographic record of 
the Reunion. Many of the stunt pictures are printed in this issue 
of the Review, and we have good views of nearly everything that 
happened at Nantasket. 

These pictures may be had from the Notman Photographic 0)m- 
pany,.3 Park Street, Boston. Order by number as shown below. 
Price for large banquet flashlight picture, which is so wonderfully 
clear that three-quarters of the faces are portraits, $2.y:>; small 
banquet, $i.S0'9 panoramic groups, Jtz.oo; all 8 x 10 inch pictures, 
sixty-five cents each. 

The subjects of the 8 x 10 inch pictures with numbers are: — 

No. 15a, disembarking at Nahant; No. 6a, ball game at Na- 
hant. The Nantasket pictures are: No. 28, steamer "Myles 
Standish" approaching Nantasket; No. 21, closer view of "Myles 
Standish"; No. 33, march along the beach; No. 55, the '09 drum 
corps; No. 31, band plajring procession by in front of Atlantic 
House; No. 56, Professor Richards and the "Friendly Rope"; 
No. 23, stunt of '76;. Nos. 10 and 25, stunt of y^; No. 13, stunt 
of '78; No. 40, stunt of '79; No. 7, stunt of '80 and '81; No. 17, 
stunt of '82; Nos. II and 19, stunt of '83; No. 12, stunt of '85; 
No. 27, stunt of '86; Nos. 6 and 29, stunt of '87; No. 51, stunt 
of '88; Nos 5 (Alma Mater) 58, (Youth) and 42 (Dragon), stunt 
of '91; No. 4, stunt of '92; Nos. 22, 3 and 14, stunt of '93; No. 

38, stimt of '95; Nos. 9 and 35, stunt of '96; No. 52, stunt of '98; 
No. 32, stunt of '99; No. 53, stunt of '00; No. 2, stunt of '02; No. 

39, stunt of '03; No. 37, stunt of '04; Nos. 54 and 16, stunt of '05; 
No. 8, stunt of '07; No. 36, stunt of '08; No. 15, stunt of '09. 

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376 The Technology Review 


Johns Hopkins Man becomes Professor of Theoretical and 
Applied Electricity 

Professor Harold Pender, of New York city, has been chosen to 
succeed Professor CliflFord as Professor of Theorerical and Applied 
Electricity at the Institute. 

Professor Pender was bom in Tarboro, N.C., 1879. He re- 
ceived his primary educarion in the public schools of Baltimore, 
Md., and at McDonough School, near Balrimore; received the 
degree of B.A. at Johns Hopkins University in 1898 and Ph.D. 
at Johns Hopkins University in 190 1. His special subjects were 
physics, electrical engineering, and chemistry. He held a Hopkins 
Scholarship for the years 1896-97 and 1897-98, and a University 
Scholarship for the year 1898-99. He was graduated second in 
his class, and was elected a member of the Phi Beta Kappa So- 
ciety in 1898. 

During the last two years of his graduate work at Johns Hopkins 
he assisted in the laboratory instruction of undergraduate students 
in the department of physics. In the summer of 1902 he gave a 
course in physics in the summer school at Syracuse University, 
and was for a time instructor in physics at Syracuse University. 

In December, 1902, he was invited by M. H. Poincare, of La 
Sorbonne, Paris, to carry out in the laboratories of the University 
at their expense certain research work on the magnedc eflFect of 
moving charges of electricity, in which research he had been en- 
gaged in this country for the preceding two years. He therefore 
resigned the instructorship at Syracuse University in January, 1903, 
and spent the next four months in Paris, where he brought the re- 
search in quesdon to a successful conclusion. The necessary funds 
for this work were supplied by the Carnegie Institution of Wash- 
ington, D.C. 

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Pender Succeeds Clifford 377 

On his return to this country in 1903 he entered the shops of 
the Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing G>mpany at Pitts- 
burg, Pa., and in the fall of 1903 took a posidon in the engineer- 
ing department of that company. While with the Westinghouse 
G>mpany, he made a special study of the heat radiation from large 
transformers, and developed an accurate method of predeter- 
mining the size of cooling coils used in the water-cooled type. He 
also had charge of the testing of the sheet steel used in the con- 
struction of transformers and other apparatus. 

In the spring of 1904 he entered the electrical engineering de- 
partment of the New York Central Railroad. His work there was 
chiefly in connection with the transmission lines and sub-stations 
then being designed for the New York terminal electrification. 

In 1905 he became associated with a firm of consulting engineers 
in New York. He has been engaged on a number of important 
pieces of work; namely, the report of the Commission on Electric 
Lighting for the City of New York, a report to the International 
Railway Company of Buffalo on their contract for water power,, 
a detailed experimental investigation of the manufacture and an- 
nealing of the so-called "Silicon Iron," the electrification of the 
Cascade Tunnel of the Great Northern Railway, various reports 
on the possible hydro-electric developments along the Northern 
Pacific Railway and the possible electrification of certain sections 
of this railroad, and a report to the Public Service Commission of 
New York on the energy meters in use in New York city. 

He is the author of a large number of professional papers pub- 
lished in the Philosophical Magazine^ the Comftes RenJuSy and 
various electrical engineering journals. 

This issue of the Review is of such general interest that it is 
being sent to every former student of the Institute. Technology 
needs and deserves the whole-souled interest of every man, and we 
believe this will be heartily accorded when all of her sons come to 
know that she leads the van of educational progress. 

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378 The Technology Review 


Foimer Pupils meet to express their Appreciation 
of his Work 

Former students of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology 
joined in a complimentary dinner to Professor George F. Swain at 
Boston on the evening of April 30. Professor Swain, who leaves 
the Institute shortly to become Professor of Civil Engineering at 
the new Graduate School of Applied Science at Harvard University, 
has been on the Faculty of the Institute continuously for twenty- 
eight years. About seventy-five men, many of them coming long 
distances, gathered around the tables. Addresses by prominent 
graduates of the Institute told of the sentiments of Professor Swain's 
fellow-students and pupils toward him. The speakers included: — 
The toastmaster, Mr. J. Waldo Smith, chief engineer of the 
Board of Water Supply, New York City; Mr. Charles A. Stone 
('88), member of the Corporation of the Institute and member of 
the contracting firm of Stone & Webster, Boston; Professor Alfred 
E. Burton, Dean of the Institute; Mr. Charles T. Main ('76), 
Boston; Mr. George W. Kittredge C77)> chief engineer of the New 
York Central & Hudson River R.R.; Professor William Z. Ripley 
('90), of Harvard University; Professor Charles M. SpofFord C93), 
who is to succeed Professor Swain at the Institute; Mr. Frank L. 
Locke ('86); and Professor Swain himself. 

Mr. Smith spoke particularly of the public service rendered to 
the country by Professor Swain, and in concluding said : * * I believe 
that engineers should take a much more prominent part in public 
aflFairs and in the management and control of public works. The 
great problems of municipal government must be worked out in 
the future by the engineer." 

Professor William Z. Ripley, of Harvard University, a graduate 
.of the Institute in the Class of '90, said that he joined with the others 

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Dinner to Professor Swain 379 

in regrets at Professor Swain's leaving the Institute, but he also 
rejoiced exceedingly that he should have him as an associate at 
Harvard. He felt that he knew better than many how much there 
was to admire in both institutions, and that Professor Swain's trans- 
fer to the latter institution would do a great deal to bring them 
closer together, and that the co-operation between the two would 
aid in making this city and state the greatest intellectual and moral 
centre of the United States. 

Professor Swain expressed his regret at leaving the Institute, and 
mentioned among his reasons for doing so the opportunity for deal- 
ing with smaller classes and the opportunity for doing more inten- 
sive work in a strictly graduate school. 

He said in closing: — 

In making its engineering school a post-graduate school, I believe that 
Harvard has taken the greatest step that has yet been taken to raise the 
dignity of the engineering profession. I do not feel that I could decline 
an opportunity to be connected with the first graduate school of engineering 
in this country, and one in which so great a work was to be undertaken. 

This school will occupy a somewhat different field from that of the 
Institute. I believe that there should be no conflict, and that there will be 
the heartiest co-operation. Harvard has left to the Institute the larger 
field of the four years' undergraduate course in engineering, which will 
always attract the largest number of students. Of course, the graduate 
school does not always get the best men, and in the same way in some cases 
the best men do not get any college training, but I firmly believe that the 
very best educadonal training can be given, and can only be given, in a 
graduate school. 

The Motion Pictures 

Through the courtesy of Mr. B. F. Keith, of Keith's Theatre, the 
motion pictures taken at Nantasket have been presented to the 
Alumni Association. These pictures include the debarkadon from 
the boats, the march along the beach and many of the most spec- 
tacular stunts. It is probable that these pictures will be exhibited 
to the larger local alumni associations during the winter. 

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380 The Technology Review 


President Madaurin officiates for the First Hme — ^Huntington 
Hall Frieze Completed 

President Madaurin made his first ofiicial appearance as the 
head of the Insdtute when, on June 8, he conferred degrees upon 
251 students, of which number 232 were members of the senior 
class, and received degrees of Bachelor of Science, and nineteen were 
members of the fifth year class, and received the degree of Master 
of Science. 

The following representative theses were read: — 

Course I. Civil Engineering. "An Investigation of the Efficiency 
and Character of Failure for DiflFerent Methods of Anchoring Re- 
inforced Bars in Concrete.*' B. Y. Burgher. 

Course 2. Mechanical Engineering. "An Investigation of the 
Effect of Spray Nozzles for Cooling Water." A. E. Hartwell. 

Course 3. Mining Engineering. "A Report of the Milan Mine." 
Harry Webb. 

Course 4. Architecture. "Design in the Gothic Style for a Uni- 
versity Library." A. F. Menke. 

Course 5. Chemistry. "An Investigation of the Defects in Single 
Enamel Coatings on Sheet Steel." J. A. Christie. 

Course 6. Electrical Engineering. "A Study of the Relative Ad- 
vantages and Disadvantages of the Altemadng and Direct Current 
Systems for a Fortification Plant for the Arrillery District of the 
Chesapeake, Fort Monroe, Va." Captain C. C. Carter, U.S.A. 

Course 7. Biology. "A Study of the Massachusetts Statistics of 
Poisoning by Illuminating Gas." F. Schneider, Jr. 

Course 8. Physics. "The Magnetic Properties of Saturated 
Iron." G. E. Washburn. 

Course 10. Chemical Engineering. " Determination of the Hy- 

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Commencement at Technology 381 

drocarbons obtained in the Distillation of Wool Grease." L. R. 

Course 11. Sanitary Engineering. "Design and Construction of 
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Experimental Sewage 
Filtration Station at Calf Pasture, Dorchester, Mass." M. R. 

Course 13. Naval Architecture. "An Investigation of the Appli- 
cation of Taylor's Formula to Turbine-driven Propellers." X. R. 

Course 14. Electro-chemistry. "On the Separation of Oil from 
Condenser Water by Electrolysis." R. Ellis. 

The graduating class is a cosmopolitan one, fifteen of its members 
hailing from outside the United States. The foreign members are 
Frederick R. Faulkner, A.B., Summerland, B.C.; Gordon L. 
Gilkison, Oakville, Ont.; Kevork Madenigian, Aghin, Armenia; 
Reginald W. Millard, Hamilton, Ont.; Albert S. Peet, Callao, 
Peru; Rudolf W. Reifkohl, Maunabo, Porto Rico; Ramon F. 
Munoz, Coah., Mexico; Harold ShaflFer, Capetown, S.A.; Miss 
Rebecca H. Thompson, Kamehameha, Honolulu; Salvador Alti- 
mirano. City of Mexico; Albert J. Barnes, Halifax, N.S.; Edger- 
ton M. Bettington, Johannesburg, Cape Colony; Ridsdale Ellis, 
Leicester, England; Edward E. Wells, Toronto, Can.; and Heenan 
T. Shen, Foochow, China. 

The women who were graduated are Miss Mabel Keyes Babcock, 
of Wellesley Hills, the only woman who received the M.S. degree, 
and Misses Helen McGraw Longyear, of Brookline, Elizabeth B. 
Babcock, of Roxbury, Rebecca Thompson, of Honolulu, and 
Lahvesia Paxton Caruthers Packwood, of Tampa, Fla. 

Class Day exercises were held in Huntington Hall and on the lawn 
between Rogers and Walker, June 7. President James H. Critchett 
welcomed the audience in behalf of the class, and then presented 
the Institute with several panels of frieze which have already been 
placed in Huntington Hall. The work was executed by the fifth- 
year class in architecture. An attempt to restore the original frieze 
was begun in 1905 on the initiative of the class of '95, and the 
work has now been practically completed. 

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382 The Technology Review 

This year ten large panels have been finished, all the work 
being designed and executed by the fifth year men under the direc- 
tion of W. Felton Brown, instructor in life class. Two smaller 
panels, containing only single figures, were worked up by members 
of the fourth-year class. The panels completed this year are: on 
the west wall, from back to front, "Iron Casting," by J. T. Mohn; 
"Shipbuilding," by Deland Chandler; "Freehand Drawing," by 
Cecil F, Baker; "Stone-cutting," by R. J. Batchelder, winner of 
the |!i,ooo travelling scholarship prize; and a small panel, "The 
Carpenter," by F. A. Burton, 1909, designer of the Tech Show 
poster. On the east wall, from back to front, are: " Iron Working," 
by W. F. Dolke, Jr.; "Concrete Mixing," by C. C. Ford; "Land- 
scape Architecture," by Miss M. K. Babcock; "Glass Blowing," 
by C. C. Ford; and another small panel, "The Potter," by K. E. 
Carpenter, 1909. On the rear wall are two large panels, "Naval 
Architecture," by Rinker Kibbey, and "General Science," by 
E. I. Williams, winner of the Roman Academy prize. 

The speech of the first marshal, Maurice R. ScharflF, was a fine 
effort, and stirred up the class to a high pitch of enthusiasm. Mr. 
Gamett A. Joslin, of Los Angeles, was class historian and statistician. 
The average age is twenty-two years, nine months. The average 
cost for the man who lives at home during his college course is 
1(2,500; and for those living at fraternity houses and other houses, 
1(4,500. Carl William Gram, the presentation orator, donated 
two oak settles and a Morris chair to the Tech Union. Mr. James 
I. Finnie was gift orator, and Raynor H. Allen was class prophet. 
After the exercises in the hall the audience were entertained at a 
buffet spread on the lawn. The class of '09 has made a remarkable 
record in furthering the advance of Technology, and it is evident 
that it can be reckoned with in the future as a strong force in 
the Alumni Association. 

At this time when strong team work by Tech men can be 
made so effective every man should lend his voice and hand. 
"He who is not with us is against us." 

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Dinner of Tech Editors 383 


Past editors and business managers of The Tecb held their annual 
banquet on the first evening of the reunion at the Hotel West- 
minster, Arthur W. Walker ('82) presiding as toastmaster. Im- 
promptu talks were called for from H. Ward Leonard ('83), I. W. 
Litchfield ('85), H. B. Gale ('83), H. L Pearl ('10), C.-E. A. Wins- 
low C98), Walter B. Snow ('82), Harvey S. Chase ('83), Arthur D. 
Little C85), C. G. Hyde ('96), H. W. Jones ('98), R. E. Bell ('05), 
and Dudley Clapp fio). 

A permanent association of past editors was organized with the 
following officers: president, H. Ward Leonard ('83); secretary, 
C.-E. A. Winslow C98); treasurer, Thomas W. Fry ('85); execu- 
tive committee, Harvey S. Chase ('83), A. D. Little ('85), A. W. 
Walker ('82), together with a member of the present board of The 
Tecb to be chosen later. The purpose of this association is to 
further the interests of the Institute by promoting, extending and 
conserving those of The Tecb, 

Those present were A. D. Little ('85), I. W. Litchfield ('85), 
Walter B. Snow ('82), C. G. Hyde C96), S. E. Fitch ('00), C.-E. A. 
Winslow C98), H. W. Jones ('98), W. D. Green ('09), P. R. Brooks 
Coo), H. W. Leonard ('83), F. W. Hobbs ('89), C. Turner ('09), 
D. N. Frazier ('11), R. E. Bell ('05), J. Daniells ('05), A. F. Bemis 
C93), R. H. Beattie C93), Dudley Clapp ('10), R. H. Ranger ('11), 
H. I. Pearl ('10), R. S. Bicknell Cio), H. S. Chase ('83), H. B. 
Gale C83), H. S. Morse ('03), G. B. Forristall Cii), F. W. Wake- 
field ('87) and T. W. Fry ('85). 

In Memory of Dr. Drown 

A memorial tablet to the late Dr. Thomas M. Drown, who for 
about ten years previous to 1895 was the head of the chemical de- 
partment, is about to be placed in the chemical library. The 

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384 The Technology Review 

tablet is inscribed as follows: "In memory of Thomas Messinger 
Drown, M.D., LL.D., Professor of Chemistry at the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology 1885-1895, Secretary from 1873-1883, and 
President in 1897 of the American Institute of Mining Engineers; 
Professor of Chemistry at Lafayette College 1874-188 1; Chemist 
to the State Board of Health of Massachusetts 1886-1894; Presi- 
dent of Lehigh University 1895-1904, this tablet has been erected 
in recognition of his services to science and education by his col- 
leagues and friends." 

Dr. Drown was well known and highly respected in metallurgical 
fields through his associadon with the Institute of Mining Engineers, 
and in sanitary chemistry through his pioneer work upon the ex- 
amination of public water supplies in Massachusetts, and soon after 
his death in 1904 a fund was raised for the erection of a fine memorial 
hall at Lehigh University, now knovm as Drown Hall, which is 
devoted entirely to the social life of the students, — a feature of the 
University's affairs which was of particular interest to Dr. Drown 
as its president. Many New England friends contributed to this 
fund, and the tablet now placed in the Institute is intended to afford 
tangible evidence of the high esteem in which he was held by his 
students, colleagues and friends. 

Growth of the Alunmi Association 

Since the first of the year nearly a thousand former students have 
been admitted to associate membership in the Alumni Association. 
The names will be published in the October Review. 

Any non-graduate member of any class that has been graduated 
is eligible to associate membership on election and the payment of 
two dollars as annual dues. Associate members receive the Review 
without extra charge, and enjoy all the privileges of regular 
membership except the holding of certain offices. Application 
blanks may be had of Walter Humphreys, secretary of the Alumni 
Association, M. I. T., Boston. 

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Among the Undergraduates 385 


Co-operation among Student Interests — ^Undergraduates pub- 
lish a Book for Freshmen and Prospective Students 

The year that has just closed has brought with it remarkable 
advances in every department of undergraduate life. The most 
important of these is the spirit of co-operation which has been 
developed, and which is most strikingly exemplified in the reorganiza- 
tion of the Institute Committee. A number of the undergraduate 
activities have practically agreed to have their books kept by the In- 
stitute Committe book-keeper in such a manner that monthly reports 
can be made to the Institute Committee. The Institute Committee 
will prepare these reports for publication in The Tech after they 
liave been fully gone over with the head of each activity, and will 
make such recommendations as may seem advisable. The Institute 
Committee will audit the accounts of the various activities twice 
each year. All moneys remaining over at the end of the school 
year will be given by the activity making them to some Institute 
interest. This plan tends to remove personal gain and the possi- 
bility of personal loss. It also insures financial stability, and in 
connection with the point system will, to a large extent, prevent 
neglect of studies. 

The large amount of news matter about the Institute has made 
it necessary to publish a daily Techy and the management has made 
all preparations to bring out a daily publication at the beginning 
of the next school year. The yearly subscription will be ;J!i.50. 
The price per issue will be one cent. 

In athletics the Institute has made a very satisfactory record in 
a general way. At the Philadelphia meet the Tech defeated Wesleyan 
and Lafayette, against whom it was pitted in the mile relay. The 
time of 3 m. 31 2-5S. was 3 seconds behind the indoor record made 

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386 The Technology Review 

by the team in February, but it was the fastest time of the meet 
except that made by the Chicago team. At the New England 
Intercollegiates in May, held at the Tech field in Brookline, Tech- 
nology made a close race with Dartmouth for first place, the results 
being in doubt until the last event had been finished. At the annual 
spring track meet, W. D. Allen ('11) broke the Institute pole vault 
record by going over the bar at 11 ft. 4 1-2 in. The Advisory 
Council on athletics has approved of a season ticket to cost $3.00^ 
which will be good for all home track meets, both indoor and outdoor, 
except the New England Intercollegiates. It will also be good for 
Field Day and basket ball and other athletic games at the Tech 
gym or athletic field, under the auspices of the Advisory CounciL 
Holders of these tickets will be given preference in the distribution 
of reserved seats at the important meets of the year. 

A committee of undergraduates, co-operating with the Institute 
Committee, is preparing to issue a book descriptive of the Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology, especially for the benefit of fresh- 
men. The book will also be sent out to prospective students, in 
order that they may understand something of the spirit of Technology. 
The institution will be treated from the students' point of view. The 
book will fully describe the organization of the Institute Committee 
and its relation to student activities, the method of conducting the 
students' business office, and the athletic and social features of under- 
graduate life. It will also briefly describe the courses and the re- 
lation of the Alumni Association to the undergraduates. One object 
of the book is to show the new men that, although the Institute is a 
place where hard work is required, there are some very enjoyable 
social features. 

The Institute Committee will next year post, in prominent places 
in the Union, calendars showing in advance all dates set for meet- 
ings, dinners, meets, rehearsals, etc. This will make it possible to 
arrange meetings without conflict and will guarantee better attend- 
ance, interest and enthusiasm. 

A wireless club has been formed at the Institute, comprising 
thirty-five men. The object is to investigate and advance the 
science of radio-telegraphy and telephony, and to discourage need- 

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Among the Undergraduates 387 

less amateur Interferance with government, private or commercial 

Junior Week this year was more brilliant than ever before. The 
most important feature, of course, was the Show, which was ac- 
corded universal praise. In some respects it was better and in 
others not quite as good as the Show of a year ago, but in general 
it was an advance and was greeted by large and brilliant audiences. 

The 1910 Technique was very creditable, indeed, although not 
notably superior to many of its predecessors. The business manage- 
ment, however, was in competent hands and the book was made 
to pay for itself. 

Testimonial to Mrs. King 

As noted in the July number of The Technology Review last 
year, the founding of the Technology Union terminated the ser- 
vices of Mrs. Ellen A. King, who for eighteen years had conducted 
the Technology Lunch-room. To many who knew of her loyal 
service to the Institute and the value of her influence among the 
students throughout these years, it seemed fitting that the wide- 
spread appreciation of Mrs. King should find expression in* a sub- 
stantial testimonial. 

Accordingly, a committee was organized, with Richard W. Lodge 
('79) as chairman and Frederick H. Hunter ('02) as secretary and 
treasurer. On March i a notice was circulated among the mem- 
bers of the classes 'qi-'oS inviting subscriptions. The response 
was prompt and hearty from a large number of men. 

The committee in charge of this testimonial report that the sub- 
scriptions to May 15 number over four hundred, and amount above 
all expenses to over |! 1,400. The larger part of this has already 
been presented to Mrs. King. The committee deem it advisable 
not to close the subscription at present, but to keep it open until 
some time in the fall. 

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388 The Technology Review 


The New York Club has nearly a Thousand Members — 
Summer Plans in Washington and Philadelphia 

The Technology Club of New York. — ^A new and splendidly 
equipped club-house in a convenient and attractive neighborhood, 
at 17 Gramercy Park, has been secured by the board of governors 
for the club, and is being loyally supported by the Tech men of 
New York. 

The lease of our former inadequate club-house, 36 East 28th 
Street, expired May i; and, as the plan for a joint club-house did 
not mature by the time expected, through the failure of the alumni 
clubs other than Technology to secure the necessary subscrip- 
tions, the board obtained an option on 17 Gramercy Park, and 
called a general meeting at the new house on April 24. The men 
present were delighted with the place, expressed themselves as unan- 
imously in favor of increasing the dues, if deemed necessary by the 
board, and immediately started a subscription to defray any deficit 
in operation. With such promise of interest and approval and in 
the belief that all Tech men in New York, when they became ac- 
quainted with the new house, would gladly join the club and sup- 
port the proposition, the board of governors on April 26 signed 
a lease in behalf of the club for a term of four years from May i, 
and the club immediately moved into the new quarters. 

The club-house was formally opened on the evening of May 7 
by President Maclaurin and Mr. I. W. Litchfield. The house was 
filled, and there was such a crowd in the spacious rooms that Dr. 
Maclaurin, when introduced by President Binney, promptly mounted 
the piano stool to make himself seen and heard by all. He re- 
ceived an ovation, and in happily chosen words congratulated the 
club and the men present upon the opportunity for useful work for 
the Institute and for pleasant social intercourse afforded by the 

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Alumni Associations 389 

acquisition of the new club-house. The secretary then stated the 
need for support from all Tech men in joining the club, securing 
permanent and transient rooms in the house, and using the dining- 
rooms for luncheons, dinners, and class and society meetings. Mr. 
R. S. Allyn ('98), who had that evening presented applications for 
membership from ten members of his class, then urged that all 
men present not only become members of the club, but also join 
in the subscription to defray any deficit in the operation of the new 
house. A recess was taken, and, after the subscription list was 
passed around, the subscriptions, ranging from if 10 to if 100, aggre- 
gated about |!3,ooo, and sixty-five men signed application cards 
for membership. The men then joined in singing Mr. Litchfield's 
song, "Take me back on a special train to the Glorious Institute," 
after which Mr. Litchfield, from a table top, gave us a stirring and 
interesting account of the programme for the Second All-Technol- 
ogy Reunion, and was assured by the enthusiastic applause that 
the men of New York would be on hand to add to the jollity and 
success of the reunion. 

The new club-house, facing Grameray Park in the vicinity of 
Columbia University, Princeton, Players, National Arts, and other 
clubs, affords facilities which until now have seemed beyond our 
reach. The first floor has the office, coat-room, reception-room^ 
and three dining-rooms; the second floor, a library, billiard, writing, 
and card rooms; and the third and fourth floors are provided vnth 
sleeping apartments for twenty men. The house is modem, at- 
tractive, lighted with electricity, splendidly furnished, and is an 
altogether delightful place. About one hundred men have joined 
the club writhin a month, and we are on the way to one thousand 

On the evening of June 3 another enthusiastic meeting was held, 
this time a smoker and jollification meeting, at which officers of 
our neighboring clubs were present, and gave us a cordial welcome 
to the Gramercy Park club colony. Mayor McClellan was un- 
expectedly prevented from coming, and sent his greetings and good 
wishes. The address of the evening was by Hon. William H. Black, 
former Commissioner of Accounts of New York City, on the subject. 

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390 The Technology Review 

"For New York," and received continuous applause. An enjoyable 
programme of guitar, mandolin, and singing was arranged by Mr. 
Joyce, chairman of the entertainment committee, and final plans 
for the reunion were made. 

A large delegation was present in Boston, the procession begin- 
ning Friday, June 5, and continuing up to Sunday night, June 6. 
At the reunion an announcement respecting the new club-house, 
containing a photograph of the building and printed in Technology 
colors, was distributed, and a number of applications for non-resident 
membership have since been received. Certainly, no Tech man 
coming to New York should miss the comforts and companionship 
aflForded by the dub. 

A very successful reception and dance was given by the enter- 
tainment committee at the Waldorf-Astoria on the evening of April 
16, at which Dr. and Mrs. Madaurin honored us with their pres- 
ence. Mrs. Binney, Mrs. Large, Mrs. SpofFord, and Mrs. King 
received. Next year our reception, dance, and ladies' night, as well 
as smokers, billiard tournaments, and sdentific addresses, will be 
given in our new home. 

An invitation has been extended to the Qass of '09 to attend a 
smoker in its honor on the evening of September 25. — William H, 
King Cp-f), Secretary y 17 Gramercy Parky New Tork City. 

Washington Society of the M, I. T.— A new plan in con- 
nection with the regular monthly meetings of the sodety has been 
tried and found highly satisfactory, supplemented as it is by the 
weekly Technology lunch at a centrally located Rathskeller. In- 
stead of having merely a social evening once a month, as in years 
past, a date is selected when one of the other engineering or sden- 
tific societies has an interesting lecturer scheduled, and after dining 
together at the University Club the men go in a body to the lecture, 
usually at the invitation of the other society. The abandonment of 
the sodal evening is not regretted, as the noonday lunch once a week 
more than takes its place. For the summer months a series of 
excursions down the Potomac is being arranged. 

The society hopes to publish in the fall a booklet in commemora- 

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Alumni Associations 391 

tion of its tenth year of existence, in the usual form, containing, the 
constitution and by-laws, list of members and brief historical 
sketch. There are about two hundred and twenty-five names on 
the list of Technology men in Washington, Baltimore, Annapoh's 
and the adjacent territory, one hundred and fifty of whom are more 
or less active in the society. — A, M, Holcombey Secretary^ 1404 
Massachusetts Ave., N.W., Washington, D.C. 

Technology Club op Philadelphll. — On Saturday evening, 
April 10, an old-fashioned southern dinner was given at the Southern 
Oub. The dinner was excellent, and there was a good number 
present to enjoy it. Mr. F. A. Hunnewell C97), chief draughtsman 
of the United States Naval Constructor's office at the New York 
Shipbuilding Company, presented a very interesting paper on "A 
Trial Trip of a Battleship." He described in detail the various 
tests to which a warship is subjected, and brought out many very 
interesting points. 

The second annual field day was held at the Woodbury Country 
Club on May 29- There was an attendance of almost fifty members 
and ladies, and every one had a royal good time. 

During the afternoon there was a remarkable series of athletic 
events. A "Yanigan" baseball team'*defeated a team representing 
1906 in a thrilling five-inning game with a score of 10 — ^5. All 
league managers desiring exceptional players are referred to the 
following list: "Yanigans": Wiggin ('04), P., Keisker ('9;^), C, 
Bardett ('04), ist B., Blakeman ('05), 2d B., Pierce ('99), 3d B., 
White Coi), S.S., Bean C99), L.F., Hunnewell C97), C.F., Fol- 
jambe ('01), R.F. 1906: Terrell ('06), P., White ('06), C, Mc- 
Gowan ('08), ist B., McGinnis ('06), 2d B., Walsh ('06), 3d B., 
Emerson ('06), S.S., Dean ('06), L.F., Tillson ('06), C.F., Taylor 
('06), R.F., Walker ('05), Umpire. 

The "Yanigans" were defeated in a fast (no time taken) relay 
race by 1906. The teams were: 1906, Emerson, White, Taylor, and 
Walsh; "Yanigans,*' Pierce ('99), Bartlett ('04), Foljambe ('01), 
and Wiggin ('04). The other events were a sack race, a three- 
legged race, and potato races for both the members and ladies. 
The club records were broken in every event. 

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392 The Technology Review 

Supper was served by the Woodbury ladies, and the evening 
was spent in dancing and in singing Tech songs. Percy C. 
Tillsofiy Secretary, 419 T. M, C, A, Building, Philadelphia. 

Technology Club op Habtford. — ^The Technology Club of 
Hartford held its annual meeting and dinner at the Hartford Club, 
Saturday evening, March 27. Officers were elected for the ensuing 
year as follows: president, Charles R. Nason; vice-president, Karl 
E. Peiler; secretary-treasurer, George W. Baker; board of gover- 
nors, Charles R. Nason, Karl E. Peiler, George W. Baker, Ed- 
mond P. March and Clarence E. Whitney. 

There were present as guests of the club Joseph Sachs, president 
of the Sachs Manufacturing Company, and Harry A. Rapelye, as- 
sistant to the President of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 

Mr. Rapelye gave an interesting talk on "The Past Year at 
Tech,'' and Mr. Sachs explained to the club "How Patents are 
obtained and the Protection they give Inventors and Manufact- 
urers." Mr. Nason expressed his pleasure at the growth of the 
club, which numbers fifty, and the instructive and beneficial work 
accomplished during the past ytzt.— George W. Baker, Secretary, 

Technology Club of New Bedfobd. — ^The reunion received 
a good boost from the Technology Club of New Bedford when 
Mr. I. W. Litchfield came down from Boston and told us about 
the plans for the great event. Fifteen members gathered at the 
Wamsutta Club, and listened to Mr. Litchfield and enjoyed a light 
lunch. — Charles F, JVing, Jr., Secretary. 

Technology Club. — ^At the annual meeting of the club held on 
May II the following officers for the ensuing year were elected: 
president, William Lyman Underwood; vice-president, Seth K. 
Humphrey; secretary, Robert S. Williams; treasurer, Augustus H. 
Gill; councillors to serve three years, Arthur T. Bradlee ('88), 
Andrew D. Fuller ('95), Walter E. Piper ('94), Howard L. Cobum 
('97), William E. Mott ('89). Immediately following the busi- 
ness meeting Major Bigelow entertained the members with an 
interesting account of his army experiences. 

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Alumni Associations 393 

The club was much used during Reunion week, and made a 
convenient meeting-place not only for club members, but for visiting 
alumni. — R. S, WilliamSy Secretary, 

Undergraduates Working for the Institute 

Many alumni of the Institute have heard about the book which 
is being published by a committee of undergraduates in co-opera- 
tion with the Institute Committee, which is intended not only to 
put freshmen in touch with the routine of Technology, student 
institutions, and the ideals of Alma Mater, but which will also be 
circulated among preparatory schools in order that prospective 
students may know that the hard work that is required at the In- 
stitute is well worth while in connection with the delightful social 
life which is springing up and the opportunities for cultural and 
physical development which the Institute offers in a greater degree 
than any other scientific school. The book is interesting to all 
alumni because of the information it gives and the fact that it was 
conceived and published entirely by students because of their love 
for the Institute. 

The book has gone to press, and will be published the latter part 
of August. Many of the alumni have taken advertising space in the 
volume, and the publishers are receiving letters from interested 
friends inquiring about the price. The publishers will be glad to 
send a copy of this book, free of charge, to any prospective student 
who, in the opinion of an alunuius, is the type of man we would 
like to have here at the Institute. Alunuii who desire copies of the 
book for their own use can have them upon payment of one dollar. 
The committee would like to sell about 150 on this basis, in order 
that they may be able to complete payment on publicadon. The 
book will cost about ;( 1,000. 

Please send all communications to President of the Institute 
Committee, care of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 

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394 'T^^ Technology Review 


Professor Sedgwick's Trip in the Interest of Public Health — 
Prof. Tyler on Committee of International 
Mathematical Congress 

Department of Biology. — Professor Sedgwick made, in April, 
a western trip of considerable range and interest. Beginning in 
Pittsburg, where he attended a meeting of the Pittsburg Typhoid 
Fever Commission, of which he is a member, he proceeded to In- 
dianapolis for the sake of a visit to the interesdng filters of the In- 
dianapolis Water Company and the laboratories of the State 
Board of Health. From Indianapolis he went to Lafayette, Ind., 
the seat of Purdue University, the largest technical school in the 
Middle West. Here Professor Severance Burrage (VII., '92) was 
found to be one of the most respected and influential of the faculty, 
which includes several other Institute men. At a convocation Pro- 
fessor Sedgwick addressed the entire student body, and at an even- 
ing gathering the members of the instructing staff. 

His principal stay, however, was at the University of Illinois, 
where he remained for a week, and gave six lectures on "Science 
in the Service of the Public Health." Of these a syllabus was 
printed and widely distributed. Professor Sedgwick also spoke, 
while at Urbana, before the local section of the American Chemical 
Society, on sulphur in illuminating gas, and, before a joint meeting 
of the State Board of Health and the State Water Survey, on the 
duties of officers of boards of health in small towns and cities. 

At Beloit, Wis., he addressed the student body and the faculty, 
and was the guest of Professor E. G. Smith, formerly a graduate 
student in the Biological Department, M. I. T. 

From Beloit he went to the University of Wisconsin at Madison, 
where he gave a single address on the value of pure water. He 

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News from the Departments 395 

was obliged, from want of time, to decline several invitations to 
speak at other institutions. 

Professor Sedgwick has recently been appointed a member of a 
commission, popularly known as ^'the Garbage Commission," to 
advise the mayor of Boston concerning the advantages and disad- 
vantages of a contract tendered by the Metropolitan Refuse Dis- 
posal Company for collecting, removing and disposing of all the 
garbage, ashes and combustible wastes of the city. The sum in- 
volved is more than 1^7,000,000. 

Professor Prescott acted as chairman of the newly formed section 
on Biological Chemistry of the American Chemical Society at the 
recent Detroit meeting. 

He has recently been appointed milk inspector for the town of 
Belmont, and has been elected as chairman of the Committee on 
Commercial Training of the Board of Trustees of Sanborn Semi- 
nary, Kingston, N.H. 

Professor Winslow has been granted leave of absence for the 
months of January-March, 1910, to accept an appointment as 
Assistant Professor of Bacteriology at the University of Chicago for 
the winter term. He takes the place of Professor E. O. Jordan, 
M. I. T. '90, who will be away in Europe. 

Professor Winslow lectured before the New England Association 
of Collegiate Alumnae, April 10, on the Metropolitan Water Supply. 

"An Extensive Investigation of the Sanitary Significance of 
Bacteria in Sewer Air," by Professor Winslow, has recently been 
printed by the National Association of Master Plumbers. 

The United States Geological Survey has published, during the 
spring, two important papers by Professor Phelps. Bulletin No. 
226 is on "The Pollution of Streams by Sulphite Pulp Waste," and 
No. 229 on "The Disinfection of Sewage and Sewage Filter Efflu- 

Professor Phelps and Mr. Charles E. North, for three years 
director of the Department of Bacteriology of the Lederle Labora- 
tories, have associated themselves as consulting sanitary experts,, 
with an office at 30 Church Street, New York city, and vrith labora- 
tories near by. They will give their attention to all matters of 

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396 The Technology Review 

sanitation and preventive medicine, and especially to the improve- 
ment of water and milk supplies, methods of sewage disposal, and 
the control of epidemics, working in co-operation with other engi- 
neers rather than attempting anything in the way of engineering 
designs and estimates themselves. Professor Phelps will continue 
his connection with the Institute as Research Professor of Chemical 
Biology and Chemist and Bacteriologist of the Sanitary Research 
Laboratory, spending two days a week in New York. 

Depabtbient of Mathematics. — Professors Woods and Bartlett 
and Dr. Phillips have gone abroad, Professor Bartlett and Dr. 
Phillips for the summer vacation, Professor Woods for a year's 
leave of absence, which he will spend in mathematical work in 
Germany and in Paris. 

Dr. N. J. Lennes has been appointed Instructor for the year, and 
Dr. C. L. E. Moore becomes Assistant Professor. 

At the International Mathematical Congress at Rome in April, 
1908, steps were taken to organize an International Commission on 
the Teaching of Mathematics, and the work has been actively 
taken up in the United States by a commission consisting of Pro- 
fessors Smith of Columbia, Osgood of Harvard, and Young of 
Chicago. Professor Tyler has accepted the chairmanship of the 
National Committee on the Teaching of Mathematics in Techno- 
logical Colleges and Departments. It is hoped that the work of 
these committees, when correlated with that of other countries, will 
prove of much value and importance. Reports are expected to be 
presented at the International Mathematical Congress in Cam- 
bridge, England, in 1912. 

Frank M. Kanaly, who has been athletic coach at the Institute for 
the past few years and who has had a great deal of success with 
the track team of the Institute, has been appointed to the dual 
berth of physical director and athletic coach, his term to begin next 
fall, when Technology opens. He will have charge of the gym- 
nasium work as well as of all the track teams. 

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Necrology 397 


Eldward H. Barnard 

Edward H. Barnard, '76, one of the best-known American land- 
scape painters, died April 16 in the McLean Hospital, Waverley, 
Mass., after a brief illness of heart trouble. He was fifty-three 
years old. Mr. Barnard received his early education in private 
schools, and then entered the Massachusetts Institute of Technol- 
ogy, where he took a special course in architecture, intending to 
make that his profession. He had a love for art, and finally be- 
came a student in the original class at the Boston Art Museum. 
He then went to Paris, where he studied for three years, part of 
that dme as a pupil of Julian. Each year of his stay abroad he 
exhibited a picture in the Salon, and during the American Ex- 
position he won renown with a picture entitled "The Tapestry 
Girl." Returning to America, Mr. Barnard opened a studio in 
Boston, but several years ago went to Belmont, where he lived with 
his sister, Mrs. Mary B. Home. 

Professor John M. Ordway 

Professor John Morse Ordway, one of the oldest members of 
the faculty of Tulane University, New Orleans, died July 3, at his 
summer home in Saugus, aged eighty-two. 

He was bom in Amesbury, was graduated from Dartmouth in 
1844, and has been a recognized authority in chemistry for half 
a century. From 1869 to 1884 he was a professor in biology, and 
industrial chemistry in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
and during part of the same time an instructor in Boston University. 

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39^ The Technology Review 

As a young man, he worked in a drug store in Lowell, and before 
he took up teaching was chemist and manager of the Roxbury Color 
and Chemical Company, the Dry Brook Chemical Works of John- 
ston, R.L, the Manchester (N.H) Print Works and the Bay Side 
Alkali Works, Boston. 

He is most widely known through his scientific articles in maga- 
zines and his connection with scientific societies. He leaves a 
widow (Miss Evelyn M. Walton, '8i) and two daughters, Mrs. 
A. C. Kastler, of New Orleans, and the wife of Rev. Edward S. 
Tead, of Somerville. 

Henry Furlong Baldwin 

Henry F. Baldwin, member of the American Society of Civil 
Engineers, chief engineer of the Oregon & Washington Railroad, 
died suddenly of apoplexy at his home in Seattle, Wash., in June. 
Mr. Baldwin was bom at Waterbury, Md., in 1862, and was 
a graduate of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the 
Class of 1884. Soon after graduating he entered the service of 
the Louisville & Nashville Railroad as a rodman, and he re- 
mained with that road until 1889, at which time he had been 
advanced to the position of roadmaster. From 1889 to 1890 
he was a division roadmaster for the New York, Lake Erie & 
Western Railroad, and in the latter year he became chief engi- 
neer of the Chicago & Eastern Illinois Railroad. He relinquished 
this position in May, 1894, when he became chief engineer of the 
Chicago, Peoria & St. Louis Railway. He was subsequently engi- 
neer of maintenance of way of the Erie Railroad at Jersey City, 
N.J., from 1895 to 1900, and chief engineer of the Chicago & Alton 
Railway from 1900 to 1904. In January, 1904, he gave up railway 
work to become vice-president and general manager of the Du Pont 
Powder Company, whose president, T. Coleman du Pont, had 
been a classmate of his at the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology. He resigned the vice-presidency of the Du Pont Company 
in 1907 to return to railway work. 

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ScharfF Succeeds Rapelye 399 

Professor Theodore Minot Clark 

Theodore Minot Clark, one of the leading architects in the coun- 
try, died at his home, April 30, after a brief illness, at the age of 
sixty-three years. Mr. Clark was in charge of the Department of 
Architecture at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology from 1881 
to 1888, and was one of the architects who designed Trinity Church. 

At one time Mr. Clark was editor of the American Architect. He 
was a member of the London Society of Arts, a fellow of the Amer- 
ican Institute of Architects and a member of the International 
Institute of Public Art of Brussels. Among the books which he has 
written are "Rural School Architecture," "Building Superintend- 
ence,*' which has been widely used, "En Voyage," "The Owner 
and Builder before the Law" and "The Care of the House." 

Schartf succeeds Rapelye 

Maurice Roos Scharff ('09), of Natchez, Miss., has been appointed 
by the Corporation to be assistant to President Maclaurin, succeed- 
ing Harry A. Rapelye ('08), who has gone into business. Scharff 
is but twenty-one. 

He prepared at Exeter. He is a member of Osiris, the senior 
honorary society. He has been a member of the Civil Engineering 
Society, the Biological Society, KjS, Southern Club, Walker Club,^ 
Round Table, Technology Club, Mandolin and Banjo Clubs, Insti- 
tute Committee, Technique Electoral Committee, Class Tug-of-war 
Team, Athletic Association, Class Day Committee, Track Team, 
was an editor of Techy and business manager of Technique^ 1909. 

He was first marshal of his class, and delivered the class oration. 
Finally, he won a great deal of prominence by framing the much- 
discussed point system for limiting the holding of student offices. 

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400 The Technology Review 


Theodore W. Robinson ('84), was recently elected president 
of the Commercial Club of Chicago, which is the representative 
business men's organization of that city. Mr. Robinson is first 
vice-president and general manager of the Illinois Steel Company, 
with which, or its constituent companies, he has been connected 
since 1885. He is a member of the Board of Education of the 
city of Chicago, and has been identified with other civic interests. 
He is a member of the American Institute of Mining Engineers 
and the Iron and Steel Institute of England. He is a past president 
of the North-western Association of the Massachusetts Institute of 

President Eliot, of Harvard, is the third recipient, in this vicinity, 
of the Japanese Order of the Rising Sun. The other two are 
Charles M. Baker C78), and Lieutenant Commander Goro Tomo- 
naga, ('09) who served in the Russo-Japanese War, and who is now a 
special student at Technology. Lieutenant Commander Tomonaga 
also received the Order of the Golden Kfte for bravery in the battle 
of the sea of Japan, the greatest naval struggle since Trafalgar. 

Harrison Nesbit C98), recently a national bank examiner in 
the Pittsburg district, has been made first vice-president of the 
Bank of Pittsburg. 

Daniel C. French ('71), the noted sculptor, was bom in Exeter, 
N.H., in 1850. He took a special course at the Institute of Tech- 
nology in the class of *7i, and, after studying art in Boston, con- 
tinued his studies for several years in Florence, Italy. On his 
return to this country he first opened a studio in Washington and 
then in Boston, and in 1887 ^^ removed to New York, where he 
has since resided. In 1906 he was made president of the National 
Sculpture Society. Some of the best-known works of Mr. French 
are: a statue of General Cass, in the Capitol at Washington; "The 

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Tech Men in the Public Eye 401 

Minute Man of Concord," at Concord, Mass.; a statue of Senator 
Hoar, at Worcester, Mass.; a statue of Rufus Choate, in Boston; 
the colossal "Statue of the Republic," at the World's Columbian 
Exposition; and the groups of "Europe," "Asia," "Africa" and 
"America" on the new customs house in New York. 

Henry S. Adams ('87), has been selected as one of the two engi- 
neers who will pass on the report of the Advisory Commission on 
Docks and Meadow Reclamation of Newark, N.J. Mr. Adams 
was city engineer of Cambridge, Mass., for seven years, during 
which time he was connected with the development of the Charles 
River. For two years he was assistant engineer of Middlesex 
County, Massachusetts, from which time he has been in private 
practice. He has made plans and superintended the erection of 
docks, wharves and bulkheads, filled flats and designed and im- 
proved harbors. Mr. Adams had charge of the engineering work 
of the development of the harbor of Ponce, Porto Rico, and of the 
making of the surveys and designs for the harbors of Nome, Alaska, 
and Boca del Toro, in Central America. He designed harbors in 
Buzzard's Bay, Vineyard Sound and at Lynn, Mass. 

Howard A. Carson ('69), has recently tendered his resignation 
as chief engineer of the Boston Transit Commission, which office 
he has held since 1884. Mr. Carson was bom in Westfield, Mass., 
in 1842, and was graduated from the Insdtute in 1869. In 1906 
he received the degree of Master of Arts from Harvard. After 
leaving Technology he became assistant engineer of the Providence 
Water Works, and later was placed in charge of the sewer con- 
struction of that city. He was principal superintendent in charge 
of the construction of the main branch system in Boston in 1878, 
and later he resigned as chief engineer of the North Metropolitan 
and Charles River Valley Sewerage System, which combined ser- 
vice for some twenty cities and towns, with numerous syphons 
under tidal estuaries and an outlet 1,800 feet into the sea from Deer 
Island. Mr. Carson personally engineered the construction of 
the Tremont Street subway and of the East Boston tunnel and the 
Washington Street tunnel. He resigned from the Transit Com- 
mission in order that he might take a rest and give some rime to 

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402 The Technology Review 

special study. He will act as consulting engineer of the Com* 
mission. Mr. Carson is a member of the Corporation of the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, a member of the Institute 
of Civil Engineers in London, the American Society of Civil Engi- 
neers and the Boston Society of Civil Engineers. 

Gelett Burgess ('87), has lived in many places and done many 
things, says the Springfield (Mass.) Union. He was bom in Boston,, 
was educated in the Boston public schools and was graduated from 
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology with the degree of B.S. 
in the department of civil engineering. After college he went into 
the engineering department of the Southern Pacific Company in 
the field and in the main office at San Francisco. After three years 
of that sort of hing he took a year oflF for a walking trip through 
France and Spain, and on his return became instructor in topo- 
graphical drawing at the University of California. Then he went 
into furniture designing in San Francisco, and on the side edited that 
magazine of rare delight. The Lark, in which "The Purple Cow'*^ 
made' its first appearance. Since The Lark's untimely end he has 
devoted himself to the production of serious and nonsensical lit- 
erature for magazines and books. His versatility is as evident in 
the things he has written as in the things he has done. Poetry,, 
children's stories, books of delicious foolishness, essays as clever 
as "Are You a Bromide?'* romances of piquant adventure like 
"Vivette" and "The Reign of Queen Isyl," have all flowed grace- 
fully from his pen. In his latest book, **The White Cat," he has 
entered the field of the psychological romance and made a story 
far out of the ordinary. 

Luther Conant, Jr. C95), who has been special examiner in 
the United States Bureau of Corporations at Washington, has re- 
cently been named deputy commissioner of corporations, to suc- 
ceed E. Dana Durand, who has been appointed director of the 
Census. Mr. Conant has been special examiner of the Bureau of 
Corporations for about five years. He also took an active part in 
the Standard Oil examinations. Prior to entering government 
service he was financial editor of the New York Journal of Commerce. 

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Miscellaneous Clippings 403 


Today, in the presence of alumni gathered from near and far and of 
-eminent educators, delegates from sister institutions, the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology inaugurates a new president and opens a new and 
important chapter in its history. And this not only because a new, 
forceful personality takes the helm, but abo because of obvious, necessary 
changes in the ongoings and workings of the school, which new conditions 
impose and of which today's inaugural will tell, some of these conditions 
arising from local environment, others from trends in the larger field of 
education, where, among technical and scientific schools, "The Tech'' 
has played so important and exemplary a part. Even as its students have 
been drawn to it from other continents, so its graduates have gone abroad, 
directing that process of conquest of nature by applied science which is 
transforming and enriching the world. Measured in terms of increment 
of wealth to this and to other countries' resources, "The Tech" has been 
an investment in capital and life labor which has paid enormous dividends 
to society. So also has been its share in amelioration of life and conser- 
vation of health and happiness through its application of science to inven- 
tion, industrial expansion, sanitation and domestic economics and by its 
instruction in architecture. Nor is this all. With its sister schools of 
technology and of applied science — ^none of which in this country date 
back farther than 1824 — it has trained men in "intellectual honesty, in 
power, in discrimination in all things concrete and objective, ... in ability 
to concentrate attention, and to pursue investigation unfalteringly and re- 
lentlessly to exact results." The moral and spiritual value of this type 
of investigation and achievement, in its reflex influence on the more tra- 
ditional and cultural schools of learning and on popular notions of the 
sort of education that is worth while, has been marked. 

The Institute of Technology, from the days of W. B. Rogers to the pres- 
ent hour, has had as its working ideal education for service, based on 
knowledge of realities and derived from practice of the laboratory method, 
and a maximum of contact between the teacher and the taught. It has 
been conservative in granting liberty of choice to students, once a given end 
was decided upon, and it has insisted that athletics and "society" were 

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404 The Technology Review 

subordinate, incidental ends. These ideals, lived up to, have made it a 
resort for workers, not shirkers, and a source of supply for men who usually 
win competencies and fame. The immediate problems of "The Tech" 
are physical and pedagogical, — how to secure the new environment for its 
ongoing and expanding life, how to utilize to the full its vivified alumni 
interest, and how to relate its resources of knowledge and expert guidance 
not only so as to serve its student body, but the community and the Com- 
monwealth, to vThich it owes social service, such as German universities^ 
or our own State universities, notably Wisconsin, render. Bishop Law- 
rence, in his baccalaureate sermon yesterday, stressed this important duty. 
— Boston Herald, June 7, 1 909. 

This is the greatest week in the history of the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology, and this day is in some respects its largest. Every returning 
Tech man must be an optimist as regards his Alma Mater. The past is 
secure, and the outlook is rich in promise. An interregnum is a critical 
period for any institution of higher education, but in this case it has been 
ably covered by Aaing President Noyes, and expectations of the new exec- 
utive are large. The confidence in President Maclaurin is strengthened 
by his inaugural. It takes nothing for granted beyond the immediate 
horizon. It makes few promises, but it outlines in clear and strong char- 
aaers high and comprehensive standards and ideals. 

His creed is praaical and inclusive. It shows little sympathy with one- 
idea methods. " We must have due regard to professional skill, but es- 
pecially in such an institute as this must we avoid the danger of supposing 
that we have to think only of a man's professional equipment," is a central 
article of his faith. Unless a young man is fitted to enter into the larger 
life of his generation and environment, whatever his professional excellence, 
he is "an ill-educated man." He believes that science should play a prom- 
inent, if not a leading, part in a large and increasing section of the com- 
munity, and for this purpose schools of applied science are strategic points 
of the highest value. 

It is perhaps something of a new idea that the studies called cultural, 
that "conduce rather to a sane view of life than to professional skill," should 
come toward the end of a young man's student life rather than at the be- 
ginning of it, since then he will be in a position to appreciate their reaf 
value and import. But he has a creed for the outside as well as the inside 
of the class-room. It is to cultivate "a rational system of athletics and' 
rational social life." He will have little difficulty in putting this into prac- 

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Miscellaneous Clippings 405 

tice. The spirit of the institution was never more favorable to the devel- 
opment of the best institutional life on broad and wholesome lines than it 
has been this year. It has made an unusually creditable record in all- 
round athletics, which have apparently detracted to no appreciable extent 
from technical excellence. 

Dr. Maclaurin comes to the Institute under happy auspices. There has 
been an awakening of interest in its welfare more far-reaching than has 
ever before been witnessed. The All-Tech reunion means much for the 
immediate future of the institution. There is nothing else that does so 
much to develop enthusiasm as a revival of associations and interests once 
keen that have been dimmed by absence. The new President will find 
himself associated with an able and earnest corps of instructors, ready to 
adopt progressive suggestions and quick to co-operate in a policy that 
promises new vigor and enlargement; while behind him is a splendid body 
of alumni, that is manifesting a loyalty to the institution that has prepared 
them for their life-work perhaps never before so widely experienced or 
expressed. The last decade, as a distinguished alumnus recently showed, 
was one of almost transforming progress for Tech, but its friends believe 
that the next one will be yet more brilliantly fruitful. — Boston Transcript^ 
June 7, 1909. 

Dr. Maclaurin finds the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, of which 
he formally became President yesterday, well prepared in spirit to reach 
the standards and strive for the ideals which he touched on in his clear and 
comprehensive inaugural address. We do not refer alone to the spirit 
shown so enthusiastically at yesterday's inaugural ceremony, stirring as it 
was, and impressive. We refer to the spirit that has enabled the Institute, 
working with rather limited resources, to achieve such high distinction in 
the scientific world. 

Dr. Maclaurin believes not only in the value of an excellent professional 
equipment, but also in the inestimable worth of personal power, — of breadth 
of view and strength of character. So he believes that Technology should 
give its students an opportunity to cultivate all-round force in a rational 
manner. This is the attractive gospel of the higher education of today. 
It has been eloquently and convincingly set forth lately by Harvard's 
new President, Dr. Lowell. President Maclaurin shows that he feels 
breadth of development is especially to be sought in such an insdturion as 

But the principal point of all is that Technology has now begun a new 

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4o6 The Technology Review 

and very promising chapter in its splendid history. Much as it has done, 
much more is still expected of it. In Dr. Maclaurin the Institute has a 
new leader remarkably well qualified to accomplish great results. He has 
youth, a brilliant record as scholar and teacher, and a wide experience 
gathered in different parts of the world in his favor. He has also another 
favorable factor behind him; namely, the Corporation, Faculty, alumni, 
and student body of Technology. Ex-President Pritchett spoke feelingly 
on this point yesterday. 

June 7, 1909, was indeed a red-letter day in Technology's history, and 
not only for its display of harmonious, invincible enthusiasm, but for its 
show of allegiance to the broad principles laid down by its noble-minded 
founder, William Barton Rogers. — Boston Journal, June 8, 1909. 

A function such as was carried through yesterday in Symphony Hall 
illustrates a superb spirit of fraternity, of obliviousness to sectional, sec- 
tarian, sex, and other divisive issues that often serve to keep men apart. 
Moreover, such an event enlists the attendance of the conununity's best 
people. None of these features was wanting at President Maclaurin's 
inauguration, and they were supplemented by other features. The Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts gave its official greeting through the lips of 
an alumnus of the Institute, Governor Draper; and James Bryce, as a 
spokesman for Great Britain and for British scholars, lent the favor of his 
benediction and wise comment to the occasion. Mention should be made 
of the spontaneous applause given to President Lowell at the close of his 
whole-souled praise of the Institute and his expression of intention to main- 
tain permanently his hereditary and personal interest in its welfare. 

The impression which the Institute's new leader gives is of a thinker 
able to utter himself in sprightly as well as weighty words, with occasional 
flashes of wit and touches of humor, and a range of allusion to literature 
and biography vdiich proclaims the humanist as well as the scientist. Lest 
performance should not equal pledge, he for a time forbears disclosure of 
specific policies, contenting himself with the general statement that there 
never will be advocacy by him of radical departures from the ideak or 
methods already established. 

Thus his inaugural is more autobiographical and personal in quality 
than it otherwise might have been, and shows where the youth has emerged 
whose career in English, Scotch and German universities and as an edu- 
cational administrator in New Zealand and as a professor in Columbia 
University has given him a range of experience that has been unusually 

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Miscellaneous Clippings 407 

varied, as well as won for him high standing in the scholastic world as a 
mathematician and phsyicist» as a student of law under Maitland, and as 
an investigator of S3rstems of education. 

Reduced to simplest terms, President Maclaurin's creed is that education 
exists to develop truth-seeking, fact-revering, efficient men, which education 
more and more rests back on science, and must adjust itself to the trans- 
formation in society which science already has wrought and still is to work. 
But with reliance on science and its methods of comparison and induction 
there also must go an ideal of culture, of capacity to stand apart and criti- 
cise and appraise life and the relative worths of facts which science reveals; 
and all broad, liberal education will provide for studies like literature, 
history, economics, and the fine arts, which have proved themselves as 
serving this purpose. 

Nor are such or other cultural studies enough. The teaching staff must 
include men of personality, who incarnate ideals, and the life of the insti- 
tution must make provision for rational athletics and rational social life. 
This creed fits fairly well with the working policy of the Institute from its 
beginning, but it bespeaks an emphasis on the humanities which occasion- 
ally has been lost sight of, and it aligns the new president with those who 
are to be reconcilers of ideals in education that too often have been sup- 
posed to be irreconcilable. — Boston Herald, June 8, 1909. 

Beyond the fact that the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has 
definitely decided to begin a movement to secure a new site and new build- 
ings, little precise information has been vouchsafed as to the plans of the 
leading technical school of the country. 

The Institute wishes to secure a site within the city limits of Boston. A 
tract of thirty or forty acres is absolutely demanded, if the school is to make 
its plans for more than the immediate present. So far five sites which 
are within the city limits and which conform to the requirements of the 
school are known, and it is figured that a tract of thirty to forty acres would 
allow for at least fifty years' growth. 

It is estimated that in round figures ^5,cxx),cxx) is required to give the 
Institute the physical equipment in lands and buildings that it must have. 
The statement is made that the pressure for room is already sp keen that 
present quarters will hardly suffice until new buildings are secured, and 
it is believed that nearly five years would be required to get the new plant 
in operation, even if work started at once. 

Already ^150,000 has been subscribed for a new site, this money coming 

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The Technology Review 

exclusively from Technology graduates. In addition there is now on 
deposit about ^125,000 which was contributed by alumni some seven years 
ago for a memorial building to President Walker. 

Leading alunmi of Technology realize that it will be impossible for the 
graduates alone to raise the ^5,000,000 needed for the new plant. Of the 
4,000 graduates of the Institute, fully 50 per cent, have gone out since 1898, 
and 75 per cent, of the alumni have been graduated Inside of thirteen years. 
— Boston News Bureau^ June I J^^ 1909. 

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News from the Classes 409 


1868 and 1869. 
Prof. Robert H. Richards, Sec, Mass. Inst, of Tech., Boston. 

At the reunion William Jackson did the class marshal act by 
proxy very gracefully. Long life to him! — James P. Tolman, 
formerly doubtful, is now fully converted to the reunion. He is 
the best fellow that ever lived. Eli Forbes is same old charming 
self. His health not being robust, he was present only at part of 
the reunion. — Ernest W. Bowditch gave a most delightful after- 
noon to '68 and '69 at his residence, Eastover, Milton. The flowers 
were at their best, and all hearts gay while recalling the good old 
times. — Robert H. Richards in the ball game showed a sad lack 
of training. For the Nantasket stunt he seemed a little better pre- 
pared. — Charles B. Fillebrown charmed all his schoolmates by his 
kindly view of the universe in general and of the class men in par- 
ticular. — William E. Hoyt, robust and in fine health, did the class 
marshal act with grace and precision.-r-Andrew M. Ritchie cheered 
his former mates with reminiscences of the good old days. — Eben S. 
Stevens, the star ball-player at Nahant, played so vigorously and to 
the joy of the onlooker that he had to knock off and rest up, and so 
lost the last of the reunion. 

C. F. Read, Sec, Old State House, Boston, Mass. 

The following members of the Class Association attended the 
various events of the recent All-Technology Reunion: Messrs. Allen, 
Amott, Baldwin, Barms, Burrison, Chase, Doane, Dowse, G. B. 
Elliot, Haberstroh, Means, Read, Russ, and Warren. — Walter 
K. Means came from his home in Milwaukee to attend the All- 
Technology Reunion, and was cordially welcomed by his former 
classmates. Continuing his travels, he went to Virginia, where he 
is to be engaged for several months on government work. — Charles 
D. Austin has returned to Cleveland after a visit to Boston of several 

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41 o The Technology Review 

weeks. He has lately finished a bank building of which he was 
superintendent of construction. — Edward H. Barnard, a member 
of the Class Association, died in Waverley, Mass., April i6, 1909, 
in the fifty-third year of his age. He was a special student in archi- 
tecture, and became later an artist, in which profession he attained 

Walter B. Snow, Sec, 170 Summer Street, Boston, Mass. 

Ten members of the class were present at one or more of the 
features of the reunion. Among these was George Faunce, who 
has not met with the class since graduation. He is now president 
of the Pennsylvania Smeldng Company, Pittsburg, Pa. — Henry E. 
Snow has again been heard from. He is sdll in the advertising 
business, with office in the Commercial National Bank Building, 
115 Adams Street, Chicago. — Mr. and Mrs. John F. Low announce 
the birth of a son, Ralph Wadsworth Low, April 27, 1909. 

Prof. Harry W. Tyler, Secy Mass. Inst, of Tech., Boston. 

The second All-Technology Reunion was naturally of particular 
interest to the Class of '84 as the twenty-fifth anniversary of its 
graduation. By the kindness of T. C. du Pont his steam yacht 
"Tech" was sent to meet the class at Marblehead on Saturday, 
June 5, though unfortunately Mr. du Pont's health was not such 
as to permit of his presence. Those members of the class and 
their families who were able to be at Marblehead enjoyed a delight- 
ful cruise to Gloucester on Sunday, and the yacht then proceeded 
to Boston. Monday afternoon, after the inauguration, another 
trip was enjoyed in Boston Harbor, while the Nahant and Nan- 
tasket excursions of Tuesday and Wednesday were also made on 
the yacht with comfort, enjoyment, and a degree of exclusiveness 
perhaps pardonable for a twenty-fifth anniversary. Thanks to 
the energetic initiative of members western in residence or dis- 
position, a "stunt" was duly perpetrated at Nantasket. The 
special class event of the week was the anniversary dinner at Young's 
Hotel on Monday, June 7, in a dining-room well remembered 
from undergraduate days. On this occasion the following thirty- 
two members of the class and Captain Graham of the "Tech'* were 

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News from the Classes 411 

present: C. L. Adams, C. B. Appleton, F. L. Bardwell, H. D. 
Bennett, C. C. Bothfeld, A. F. Bridgman, R. L. Chase, D. L. 
Cobum, S. S. Dearborn, A. O. Doane, A. L. Fitch, G. L. R. French, 
A. H. Gill, J. G. Holder, H. D. Hooker, G. T. Jarvis, G. F. Lull, 
F. S. Mead, E. D. Mellen, G. H. Norris, A. S. Pratt, C. O. Pres- 
cott, W. L. Puffer, A. J. Purinton, W. J. Rich, C. S. Robinson, 
T. W. Robinson, A. L. Rotch, E. V. Sedgwick, F. M. Stuart, H. W. 
Tyler, W. A. Whitney. The reunion as a whole contributed greatly 
to the esprit de corps of the class. A number of men were present 
who had not seen each other for more than the twenty-five years, and 
we may confidently expect that a stronger class spirit for the future 
will date from this occasion. — A silver loving-cup has been sent to 
Mr. du Pont by members of the class who attended the reunion. 
It is announced in Science that Professor Rotch has been elected an 
honorary member of the Austrian Meteorological Society. Science 
(for May 28) also contains an extended review of a recent publica- 
tion of the Astronomical Observatory of Harvard College on Obser- 
vations and Investigations made at Blue Hill Meteorological Obser- 
vatory, and on Experiments with ballons sondes at St. Louis and 
with kites at Blue Hill. The reviewer states that without Pro- 
fessor Rotch 's generous and whole-souled support of the Blue Hill 
Observatory, and without the steady, careful and devoted work 
of himself and his assistants, American meteorology would not 
occupy the same position in the world of science which it does 
occupy today. — Mr. Dean W. Park, Palo Alto, Cal., was fatally 
injured in a bicycle collision on the campus of Stanford University, 
May 5. Mr. Park was a native of Boston and a son of Judge 
J. C. Park. He had practised civil and mining engineering in 
various parts of the west and in Mexico since 1884. He was a 
man of fine character and marked ability, and was highly esteemed 
by all who knew him. He leaves a widow, a son and a daughter. — 
General T. C. du Pont has retired temporarily as head of the Repub- 
lican State Committee of Delaware, and will go south to recover 
his health. — ^The sudden death of H. F. Baldwin, of Seattle, is 
reported elsewhere in this number of the Review. 

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412 The Technology Review 

I. W. Litchfield, Sec, 88 Broad Street, Boston, Mass. 

The official Reunion Register shows that the following men 
attended one or more of the events during the reunion: Oakes 
Ames, E. H. Dewson, C H. Bartlett, L. L. Dodge, R. Fiske,T. W. 
Fry, E. B. Homer, M. E. Jones, F. M. Kimball, J. L. Kimball, 
I. W. Litchfield, Arthur D. Little, Henry Martin, A. L. Merrill, 
E. Morss, Joseph E. Nute, G. H. Nye, R. H. Pierce, A. L Plaisted, 
H. G. Pratt, C. R. Richards, William E. Spalding, G. F. Steele, 
H. P. Talbot. There were from fifteen to twenty men present at each 
of the various functions. The proximity of our twenty-fifth anni- 
versary prevented a number of men from a distance, who wanted 
to be in Boston for the class reunion next year, from attending 
the festivities. The class stunt at Nantasket was perhaps the 
most spectacular of the day. The arrangements were in the hands 
of Dick Pierce and Artie Plaisted, who were so successful in produc- 
ing sensation that, if Oliver Wendell Holmes had been present, he 
would have immediately given a new name to his poem, entitled 
"The Height of the Ridiculous." The "float," which appeared 
to roll into the arena in the usual way, was in reality suspended by 
shoulder-straps underneath the tunics of the four ladylike Romans 
in blond wigs, who, with stuffed pink legs extending out from 
their bodies on the top of the float, appeared to sit on the four cor- 
ners. The horse was animated by Litchfield in the costume of 
Elizabeth in her German Garden, while Dick Pierce, who as Boadi- 
cea drove the equipage, was modestly attired in pink frills, rouge 
and a gorgeous "tarrara." In the middle of the float were four 
uprights, around which was draped a concealing curtain, and within 
this little space Artie Plaisted, who was to be the "sight" presented 
by the class of '85, attired in the height of the season, trudged 
along v^th a step-ladder. The float glided into the amphitheatre, 
followed by the other members of the class clad in academic robes 
and carrying real sheepskins with the wool outside. In the middle 
of the arena the prancing steed was halted by a withering look from 
Boadicea, and, after Artie had climbed up and posed on his step- 
ladder, the Romans broke the string and released ' the drapery, 
revealing "Queen" Plaisted in a sheath gown and a peach-basket 
hat, looking a bit conscious. At the sight strong men wept, and 
the Romans, feeling the stigma of the situation, started to go oflFthe 
field with the float while "Queen" Plaisted was holding the popu- 

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News from the Classes 413 

lace spellbound. There was a wild ripping of canvas at the rear 
of the float, and it was not until the Romans had left the field that 
Artie, posing alone on the top of his step-ladder, discovered his 
predicament. As revealed by the moving pictures, his "get-away" 
was the sensation of the afternoon. 

Prof. Arthur G. Robbins, Sec, Mass. Inst, of Tech., Boston. 

^Among the members of the class present at the recent reunion 
were Abom, Anthony, Mrs. Baer, D. P. Bartlett, Chase, Cobb, 
H. A. Howard, Miss Kenney, Locke, Miller, Noyes, Peirce, 
Whitney and Winsor. Locke acted as chief marshal at the inaug- 
uration of President Madaurin. Peirce entertained the assem- 
bled multitude at Nahant by his judicial decisions as umpire in the 
ball game played by two nines captained by Professor Richards 
('68) and Eben S. Stevens ('68). At Nantasket the class reputa- 
tion was upheld under the leadership of Winsor. — Bartlett, CliflFord 
and Noyes are to spend their vacations in Europe. — Bartlett goes 
to France, where he is to meet his family and make an extensive 
automobile tour. — CliflFord goes to England and the Continent, 
where he will temper his pleasure by making a study of street illu- 
mination and also of high-tension underground transmission. — 
Noyes, after pleasure trips in Spain, Italy and Switzerland, expects 
to attend the dedication of the New Research Laboratory of the 
Nobel Institute in Stockholm and the twenty-fifth anniversary of 
the Doctorate of Svante Arrhenius, a distinguished physical chemist. 
— Ricker has recently been engaged on the solution of the grade 
crossing problem in the city of Toronto, a project involving the 
expenditure of several million dollars. In this work he was retained 
by the Canadian Pacific Railway Company. 

Edward G. Thomas, Sec, 157 Congress Street, Brooklyn, N.Y. 

As the secretary was unable to attend the reunion, he has inter- 
viewed several of the fortunate members of '87, and from their some- 
what indistinct memories of the happenings has evolved the follow- 
ing chronicle of the doings of the class: Aside from the scheduled 
events of the general committee, concerning which, in view of the 
full report elsewhere, it need only be said that '87 was well repre- 

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414 The Technology Review 

sented. Monday afternoon Mr. and Mrs. Taintor received the 
members of the class and their wives at their hospitable home in 
Cambridge. Tuesday morning, bright and early, our transporta- 
tion committee, Bryant, despatched the bunch in autos for their 
forty-mile ride to Chebacco. Bryant, Brett, Lane and Sprague 
came with their machines, and Cameron sent his own car and that 
of his sister-in-law, Mrs. Kebler. All arrived in good shape after 
an ideal ride, and first inspected Jules Cameron's new house — de- 
signed by Wakefield — on the crest of the island, with a magnifi- 
cent view of the shore north of Cape Ann. Adjournment to the ball 
field for a little exercise in preparadoa for the feast was followed 
by the "bake." There seems to have been a barrel of clams and a 
rod of lobsters per man, together vnth various incidentals, and the 
pile of shells which now marks the spot is a mute testimonial of the 
energy and efficiency of '87 men when their duty is made plain. 
Malt extract was at hand by the washtubful. As Draper writes 
me: "Some of us had been to clam-bakes before, but there never 
was and never will be another quite in the same class. When 
gorged with clams, we turned to lobsters, and then to hot-dogs, 
. anon returning to our first love. Some ate standing, thinking they 
could hold more." There seems to be no doubt who ate the long- 
est, — that was Taintor, — but, as to who ate the most. Draper calls 
attention to his own superior speed. But was '87 fazed by this 
Herculean task ? Not at all. The regular baseball game occurred 
as usual in the afternoon, and all landed at the Pops in good voice. 
Those who went to Chebacco were Hathaway, Bryant, Thomp- 
son, Draper, Stewart, Brett, Crosby, Lane, H. D. Sears, Taintor, 
Cameron, Blake, R. E. Schmidt, Shortall,W. A. Whitney, Granger 
Whitney, Sever, Cobb, Carpenter, Sprague and Douglass. All 
vote that there never was a host like Jules Cameron. Shortall and 
Schmidt from Chicago, Blake from Pittsburg and Granger Whit- 
ney from Detroit were our long-distance men at the reunion. — 
Draper has settled down in offices on the twenty-eighth floor of the 
Metropolitan Tower, occupying the whole south side. He is 
president of the Lake Superior Gold and Copper Company, the 
Coal Treating Company, Draper-Hauser Company, Farrington 
Company, Phillips Manufacturing Company and Hilton Company, 
and can furnish you everything from mining stock to a can of var- 
nish. — Sprague, in addition to much work in the West Virginia coal 
fields, has just made an inspection of a mining property on the 
Pacific coast north of Vancouver, visiting the Alaska Exposition at 
Seattle en route. 

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News from the Classes 415 

William G. Snow, Sec, 24 Milk Street, Boston, Mass. 

William H. Gerrish is now located in Auburn, N.Y., where he is 
superintendent of the Columbian Rope Works. — The class was well 
represented at the All-Technology Reunion, nearly thirty men hav- 
ing been present at one or another of the events. The class stunt 
at Nantasket was simple but effective, the '88 marked on the grass 
by white confetti withstanding the ravages of all the classes follow- 
ing. The stunt finished with a parade around the arena, headed by 
E. S. Webster mounted on a trained stallion. — The reunion brought 
to Boston Alexander Jarecki, who had. not met with the class since 
undergraduate days. — ^William H. Blake, of New York, one of our 
members who has seldom been with us, was present. — Miss Marion 
Talbot represented the University of Chicago at the inauguration of 
President Maclaurin. 

Prof. W. E. Mott, Sec, Mass. Inst, of Tech., Boston, Mass. 

'89's Twentieth Annual Reunion has come and gone. It 
was a success, as those who were fortunate enough to take part 
will agree. In all, about fifty men were present at one or more of 
the functions of Reunion Week, — a very good showing. Lack of 
space forbids a detailed account of all our doings on the various 
days,*— this will be published later in the class book. Sufiice it to 
say that at Marion we mustered twenty-one men, in spite of the 
very bad weather on Saturday, the 5th. On Tuesday thirty-nine 
sat down to lunch at tlie Eastern Yacht Club house, Marblehead, 
and on the "Day of the Stunts" fully as many were in the party. 
Most of the men attended all the events, so that it was a reunion in 
fact as well as in name. The list of those who were present on one 
or more of the days is as follows: Alley, Ashton, Beach, Beals, 
Bixby, Bliss, E. L. Brown, Crabtree, Crosby, Cutter, Davis, Durfee, 
Estabrook, A. W. French, E. V. French, Fiske, Gannett, Hart, 
Hobbs, HoUis, Hopkins, Howard, Hunt, L. E. Johnson, W. S. 
Johnson, Kilham, Kunhardt, Laws, W. W. Lewis, Linzee, Loring, 
Marsh, Mildram, Mott, A. E. Norris, Pickering, F. L. Pierce, Pike, 
Power, Smythe, Thurber, Underbill, Wales, Warner, White, Willis- 
ton, Woodbury. — Many messages of regret that they could not be 
with us were received from members of the class, — ^from Richardson 

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4i6 The Technology Review 

on the Pacific Coast and Whiting in Russia. The latter is on a 
business trip to Russia and Scandinavia. — Sauveur^ who is still 
absent on his "Sabbatical," was in Geneva, Switzerland. — Ranno 
reported from Denver, and is still busily engaged on railroad con- 
struction with the Union Pacific Railway. — ^Whipple has recently 
been retained by the city of Baltimore, to make a sanitary survey 
of Lake Roland and the Jones Falls watershed. — "Jerry" Ayer 
confidently expected to attend the reunion, and important duties 
had been assigned to him, at his own request, but he did not appear, 
and others had to step into the breach. Ayer has recently addressed 
the Philadelphia Technology Club on "The Problems of the Paint 
Manufacturer." He is building a summer home at Caspian Lake, 
Vermont. — Much of the pleasure of the reunion was due to the ad- 
mirable and efficient way in which every detail was provided for and 
carried out by the Committee of the Alumni on the General Reunion, 
and the secretary is sure he is voicing the feelings of every '89 
man in extending the thanks of the class to the committee and its 
chairman. The class committee having the preparation of the class 
book in charge would urge upon all members the necessity of 
sending in promptly the data sheets which have already been dis- 

George L. Gilmore, Sec, Lexington, Mass. 

At the grand Tech Alumni Reunion the following members 
of the class were present at one or more of the gatherings : Atwood, 
Bragg, Burley, Carney, Cook, DeWolf, Dodge, DeLancy, Emer- 
son, Gilmore, Goodwin, Harvey, Miss S. J. Hart, Hayden, Horton, 
G. B. Howes, Ellis, L. J. Joyce, Kendall, Miss Maria Ada Moli- 
neaux, Moore, Newton, A. E. Norris, J. K. Noyes, Packard, Rice, 
W. Z. Ripley, Sherman, Simpson, Spaulding, Swanton, Tilson, 
Tuttle, Voorhees, Wason, Whitney. Of these Carney came on 
from Burlington, la., and Dodge from Toledo, and neither would 
have missed it. On the day of Classes at Nahant our class went 
down with Charlie Hayden on his steam yacht "Wacondah," with 
the Class of '68 as guests. As 1915 will be our twenty-fifth anni- 
versary as well as the fiftieth of the Institute, we have invited the 
Class of '68 to|dine with us on that occasion, and they have accepted 
through Professor Richards of '68. — George E. Hale is at present 
in London, but returns the first of July, going directly to Pasadena, 
and H. M. Goodwin and Mrs. Goodwin will accompany him. — 

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News from the Classes 417 

F. C. Royce is now abroad. — ^J. H. Towne has just returned from 
a trip to Europe. — During the fish dinner at Nahant a count of 
the number of children possessed by the twenty-three present 
showed twenty-seven, aged from a few weeks to sixteen years. — 

G. T. Voorhees has recently published a book on "Refrigerating 
Machines." — ^A. H. Rogers, who had expected to be with us at the 
reunion, was suddenly called to New Mexico to investigate some 
mining properties. — C. C. Babb is at present in Malta, Mont., on 
government work. — ^The address of Mr. Samuel Storrow is 906 
Wright & Callender Building, Los Angeles, Cal. — Mr. M. O. 
Southworth is at the Hotel Windermere, Chicago, 111. — Professor 
Edward Robinson's home address is 32 Wildwood Street, Win- 
chester, Mass. — Mr. C. G. Norris now resides at 50 Williams 
Avenue, Hyde Park, Mass. — Mr. B. A. Lenfest is located at 1524 
76th Street, Brooklyn, N.Y. — Mr. Samuel D. Flood is now at 209 
State Street, Chicago, 111. — Mr. Schuyler Hazard may be found at 
215 West 33 d Street, New York, N.Y. — ^Mr. Guy C. Emerson, 
street commissioner of Boston, has his office at 44 City Hall, Bos- 
ton, Mass. Emerson expects to save il8oo,ooo in the street depart- 
ment to the city during the year. — ^Mr. James Clark, Jr., is now 
at 520 W. Main Street, Louisville, Ky. — ^The address of Mr. Edward 
C. Bumham is Box 528, Hopedale, Mass. — ^The address of Mr. 
Austin D. Boss is 100 Windham Road, Willimantic, Conn. — Miss 
E. E. Bickford is at 45 Hemenway Street, Boston, Mass. — ^Mr. 
H. E. Baldwin is with the Variety Iron and Steel Works Company, 
Cleveland, Ohio. — ^Mr. Burdett Moody has moved to 1043 San 
Pasqual Street, Pasadena, Cal. — Mr. Joseph L. Joyce is with the 
Boston Consolidated Gas Company, West Street, Boston, Mass, — 
Mr. Morton Carlisle is located at 229-231 East Clifton Avenue, 
Cincinnati, Ohio. — ^The address of Mr. Samuel A. Moss is Alaska 
Commercial Building, San Francisco, Cal. — Mr. O. Daniell is now 
in Tilton, N.H. — Dr. W. G. Curtis has taken up his residence at 
64 Crawford Street, Roxbury, Mass. — ^The business address of 
Mr. J. Dearborn is 93 Federal Street, Boston, Mass. — ^Mr. Cassius 
M. Foster may be found at 130 23d Street, Toledo, Ohio. — The 
office of Mr. Franklin P. Gowing is at 21 Union Street, Boston, 
Mass. — Mr. F. B. Hall is at 40 Momingside Avenue, New York, 
N.Y. — Mr. Karl H. Hyde is located at 130 County Street, Attle- 
boro, Mass. — Mr. Moses Lyman is now in Williamsport, Pa. — 
The address of Mr. Waldo A. Martin is 64 Maple Street, Milton, 
Mass. — Mr. George C. Osbom is at 210 Gould Building, Atlanta, 
<ja. — Mr. H. M. Waite is with the Seaboard Air Line, Birming- 

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41 8 The Technology Review 

ham, Ala. — Hal Roberts is with the Delaney-Roberts Company^ 
engineering and general construction, Terminal Building, 103 
Park Avenue, New York, N.Y. — ^Mr. Charles O. Churchill is now 
in Binghamton, N.Y., at 95 Leroy Street. — ^Joe Baker is at 50 
Church Street, New York, N.Y. — ^The residence of Mr. Philip 
Harvey is at 6 Lowell Road, Concord, Mass. — Charles H. Alden, 
Architect, formerly representing Howard & Galloway, Alaska- 
Yukon-Pacific Exposition Grounds, announces that he has resumed 
independent practice with offices at 606 Crary Building, Seattle, 
Wash. — Bom June 17, Virginia Worthington Rice, daughter of Mr. 
and Mrs. Calvin Winsor Rice, Upper Montclair, N.J. — Bom June 
15, Margaret Spencer de Lancey, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
Darragh de Lancey, Great Barrington, Mass. 

Howard C. Forbes, Sec.^ 88 Broad Street, Boston, Mass. 

Fifty-two men showed up at the various festivities connected 
with the Technology Reunion this year, from the Class of '91. 
Thirty were present at the class dinner, which was held at the 
Hotel Bellevue on Monday evening, June 7, as follows: Aiken, 
Alley, Bassett, Bird, Bryant, Bradlee, Buxton, Clark, Cormier, 
Cunningham, Damon, Dart, Douglass, Fiske, Forbes, Fuller,. 
Garrison, Hatch, Hopton, F. C. Holmes, Kimball, Moore, Richard- 
son, Shattuck, Spooner, Trowbridge, Vaillant, Wilder, Wilson 
and Young. In addition to these the following men were present 
either at Nahant, the Pops, Nantasket, or the banquet: Blinn, 
Bradley, Capen, G. A. Campbell, F. A. Cole, H. L Cole, Dana,. 
Hall, G. A. Holmes, W. H. Lawrence, Leeming, Pierce, C. B. 
Pratt, Nathan Pratt, Punchard, Ryder, Smith, Tappan, Thompson, 
Tyler, Walker, and Wason. A number of guests came to Nan- 
tasket, including Mrs. Aiken, Mrs. Bird, Mrs. Bassett, Mrs. Capen,. 
Mrs. F. A. Cole, Mrs. Damon, Mrs. Fiske, Mrs. Forbes, Mrs. 
Fuller, Mrs. Garrison, Mrs. F. C. Holmes, Mrs. Leeming, Mrs. 
Pierce, Mrs. Spooner, Mrs. Young and Mrs. Vaillant. This is 
the best showing that the Class of '91 has ever made. The class 
dinner was started early in order that the men could leave to 
take in either the Governor's reception at the State House or the 
jubilee smoker at the City Club. Hotel Bellevue was selected for 
the class dinner, as it is located conveniently near these two places. 
The main business of the dinner consisted in arranging and prac- 

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News from the Classes 419 

rising the class stunt. Cunningham's three years as president 
expired, and Henry G. Bradlee, of the firm of Stone & Webster, 
was elected president of the class for the ensuing three years. Also 
plans were started for a grand celebration two years from now, 
on the occasion of the twentieth year since graduation. A com- 
mittee on 191 1 was appointed, consisting of president and secre- 
tary, ex officiis^ Cunningham, Alley, Garrison. This is only a 
beginning, and the committee will be enlarged later. — ^The '91 
class stunt for the outing at Nantasket was a commentary on 
modem conditions, entitled "Education; or, the Modem Perseus." 
A Youth comes to his Alma Mater, and is armed by her with his 
education, represented by a sword, a shield, a scroll, and a wreath. 
He then tums upon the world to do battle with it. His chest swells, 
and he says in eflFect, "I am Perseus, to whom Zeus has given the 
power to do great things." He observes a few innocuous offenders, 
represented by paper poppies. These with a sweep of his sword 
he easily conquers. While resting on his laurels, a Dragon, which 
represents the money power of the world, appears. When the 
Youth sees the Dragon, he raises his sword aloft, presumably 
addressing it in the words of the ancient Perseus, "Sword of Phoe- 
bus, let thy stroke be sure, for thou smitest the enemy of the help- 
less." Then he approaches the Dragon valiantly, but after one 
ineffectual swing of his sword he stumbles and falls, and the Dragon 
eats him up. The part of the Mater was taken by Trow- 
bridge, clad in a sheer, decollete, classic gown, topped by a fiery 
red wig. When Walter's heroic proportions are brought to mind, 
it is easy to imagine there was nothing like him. The Alma Mater 
was accompanied by four attendants, who were Bradlee, Fiske, 
Wilder and Bassett. The part of the Youth was taken by Forbes. 
The Dragon was made up of twenty men. The burden of the 
manipulation fell to Douglass, who carried the head and operated 
the jaw. The next important feature of the Dragon was the tail, 
which was to be dragged by Billy Dart; but Billy was too thin and 
the hoops hurt him, so Harry Young took the part, and it was all 
right. The men of the Dragon were: Douglass, Wason, Garrison, 
Aiken, Moore, Lawrence, Tyler, Vaillant, Fuller, F. C. Holmes, 
Richardson, Hopton, G. A. Holmes, Bird, Bryant, Spooner, Young, 
Dart and two others. The management of the stunt fell to the 
lot of Arthur H. Alley, who did great work in getting it lined up 
promptly and arranging the details so that everything went smoothly. 
Cunningham's part was to arrange the Dragon, and H. C. Bradley 
acted as a committee of one to set up the poppies and collect the 

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420 The Technology Review 

various properties, which were left on the ground after the stunt. — 
Lawrence was on the general committee, having charge of the 
photographs. Wilson was on the main committee in charge of 
the Day of the Classes at Nahant, and deserves his share of the 
credit for the smoothness of the arrangements there and the good 
dinner that was provided. Wilson also acted as cheer leader 
for the Pop Concert, and that was undoubtedly the reason why 
the Class of '91 secured special mention in the papers in regard 
to the showing they made in the cheering. Damon provided the 
Atlantic House. As usual, Jerry Campbell accepted to everything, 
and — ^never showed up. Steve Bowen was abroad. 

W. Spencer Hutchinson, Sec.y 1235 Morton St., Mattapan, Mass. 

The class was well represented at the All-Technology Reunion. 
The following members signed the register at the headquarters : 
Bigelow, Burbank, H. A. Bumham, Carlson, Chase, Church, 
Cloudman, Curtin, Dana, Derr, Margaret E. Dodd, Douglass, 
Dudley, Eldridge, Emery, Fairfield, Francis, Fuller, Harwood, Hey- 
wood, Mary L. Holman, Hoxie, Hutchinson, Ingraham, Johnston, 
Kales, G. H. Lukes, J. B. Lukes, Manley, Maynard, Moody, 
Moore, Newkirk, Norcross, Park, Pettee, Pierce, D. P. Robinson, 
Sargent, Skinner, Spaulding, Tidd, R. Waterman, Wendell, Worth- 
ington. 24 members of the class attended the excursion to Nahant, 
32 attended the excursion to Nantasket, 27 attended the class 
dinner, and 27 attended the banquet at Symphony Hall. The 
class dinner and business meeting held at the Copley Square Hotel 
Tuesday, June 8, was especially enjoyable to those present. Each 
member was called upon to say something about himself or the 
work he had in hand. Leonard Metcalf, the president, and William 
A. Johnston, the secretary-treasurer, having expressed their desire 
that their names should not be considered for re-election, the fol- 
lowing officers were chosen for the ensuing year: president, John A. 
Curtin; vice-president, George H. Ingraham; secretary-treasurer, 
W. Spencer Hutchinson. The above officers, with William A. 
Johnston, Walter B. Douglass, and Charles H. Chase, were elected 
to form the executive committee. — R. H. Mansfield, Jr., writes 
from Hotel Esplanade, Berlin, expressing his regret at not being 
able to attend the reunion, and concludes his letter as follo¥rs: 
"Remember me most kindly to all of the '92 boys, and, whenever 

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News from the Classes 421 

any of the bunch gets out to Milwaukee, I shall be more than glad 
to have them come and see me. With personal regards, I am, etc." 
— Mansfield is with the Cutter-Hammer Manufacturing Company 
of Milwaukee, and left the States on a business trip about the last 
of April. — Richard Waterman, who until recently was assistant 
to the president of the William Filene's Sons Co. in Boston , 
is now secretary of the Philadelphia City Club. Waterman is 
interested in social engineering, and he is looking forward to the 
work he has to do in improving the municipal conditions in Phila- 
delphia. The work he has to do is similar to that being done in 
the city of New York along the lines of municipal research. — 
Kales and Newkirk, who came on from Detroit for the reunion 
have each been successful in their profession in that city. — ^Wendell, 
is planning to go aboard during the summer months, and expected 
to sail about the middle of June. — It is with pleasure I note the 
promotion of Louis Derr to the grade of professor of physics at a 
recent meeting of the executive committee of the corporation. 

F. H. Fay, Sec, 60 City Hall, Boston, Mass. 

Benjamin Henry Dillon died at Fitchburg, Mass., of pneumonia^ 
on Feb. 21, 1909. He was born May 31, 1870, the son of D. M. 
Dillon, of Fitchburg. He prepared for the Institute at Chauncy 
Hall School, Boston, and with his brother, Frederick N., entered 
with the Class of '93. During the freshman year the Dillon brothers 
were the sergeants-at-arms of the class, whose duty it was to see 
that no sophomores gained access to the class meetings. At the end 
of the first year he left the Institute to engage in business with his 
father in the D. M. Dillon Steam Boiler Works at Fitchburg. In 
1898 he entered the employ of the Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection 
and Insurance Company, which concern he ably represented in the 
south for a number of years, making a notable record in getting 
new business. With this company he occupied positions of inspec- 
tor, district inspector in charge of the inspection force in North and 
South Carolina, and special agent in charge of an extensive terri- 
tory. In 1 90 1, while located at Charlotte, N.C., he was honored 
by the governor of that State with the appointment of commissioner 
to represent North Carolina at the South Carolina Interstate and 
West Indian Exposition at Charleston, commonly known at the time 
as the "Charleston Exposition." While in the south, he met with 

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422 The Technology Review 

two accidents which incapacitated him for about two years. Dillon 
was a thirty-second degree Mason, a prominent Odd Fellow, a 
member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, as well 
as a member of social organizations throughout the south. Although 
a student with the class for only a year, his personality was such 
that he at once became one of our most prominent members. Ben 
Dillon's popularity was wholly deserved. He was a man whom it 
was a privilege to count as a friend, and his loss will be mourned by 
the wide circle of classmates who knew and liked him. — ^At the 
annual convention of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers 
held at Frontenac, N.Y., during the week of June 28, Percy H. 
Thomas presented two papers upon "Output and Regulation in 
Long Distance Lines" and "Electrical Calculation of the High- 
tension Line." Thomas is senior member of the firm of Thomas & 
Neall, consulting electrical engineers, with offices at 2 Rector Street, 
New York, and 12 Pearl Street, Boston. — Jesse Bunton Baxter and 
Miss Katharine Woodbury, daughter of Mrs. Joseph Lucian Wood- 
bury, of East Milton, Mass., were married at the East Congrega- 
tional Church of that town on Tuesday evening, June 29. Baxter 
is paymaster of Walter Baker & Co., Limited, chocolate manu- 
facturers of Dorchester and Milton, Mass. He has been promi- 
nent in tovm affairs of Milton where he lives, having served for 
several years as chairman of the board of selectmen. — The firm of 
Densmore & Le Clear, consulting electrical and mechanical engi- 
neers, of which E. D. Densmore ('93) is senior member, has moved 
its office from 15 Exchange Street to 88 Broad Street, Boston. — 
William Wyman Crosby, of Wobum, Mass., and Miss Marian Shaw, 
daughter of Mrs. Edward Lewis Shaw, one of Wobum's prominent 
young society women, were married at the bride's home, 60 Warren 
Avenue, Wobum, on the evening of June 16. The bride was at- 
tended by her sister, Mrs. Eliott Frankford Trull, and the best man 
was Herbert N. Dawes C93), of Chelsea. Mr. and Mrs. Crosby 
will live at 41 Arlington Street, Wobum. Crosby is consulting 
mechanical engineer, and is associated with F. W. Dean at 53 State 
Street, Boston. — Sixty-four members of the class tumed out at the 
reunion, the member from the greatest distance being C. V. Allen 
from Mexico City, and others from outside New England, including 
Hagar, of Chicago, Klipstein, of St. Louis, Ellms from Cincinnati, 
Braman from Philadelphia, H. R. Sargent from Schenectady, S. D. 
Dodge from Comwall-on-Hudson, N.Y., and J. A. Emery, Latey, 
Mrs. Moody, SpofFord, P. H. Thomas and Waldron from New 
York city. After retuming from the "Day of the Classes" at 

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News from the Classes 423 

Nahant on Tuesday afternoon, which was the first opportunity the 
members had of getting together, the sixteenth annual class dinner 
was held at the Boston City Club. At the business meeting follow- 
ing the dinner, Glidden, first vice-president, presided in the absence 
of Morss, the president, who was away on a wedding tour around 
the world, and at that moment was cruising in the Inland Sea of 
Japan. The class officers were re-elected for the ensuing year, as 
follows: Henry A. Morss, president; George B. Glidden, first vice- 
president; Edward B. Carney, second vice-president; Frederic H. 
Fay, secretary-treasurer; Leo W. Pickert, assistant secretary. An- 
nouncement was made of the death of Benjamin H. Dillon at Fitch- 
burg, Mass., Feb. 21, 1909. Correspondence with President 
Maclaurin was read, in which he accepted '93 's escort at the Tech 
Night Pop Concert that evening, and in recognition of the honor 
paid to the class Dr. Maclaurin was elected to honorary member- 
ship, in company with Dr. Pritchett and Professor Fred Parker 
Emery. Assembling about eight o'clock at the reunion head- 
quarters at the Tech Union, the class marched to Symphony Hall 
and to its tables at the Pop Concert. When Dr. Maclaurin arrived 
later in the evening, he was met by the class in the foyer, and under 
the special escort of Governor Draper ('78) and Acting President 
Noyes ('86), followed by '93 with a new class banner. President 
Maclaurin was introduced to his first Tech Night Pop Concert. 
At the Nantasket excursion on Wednesday the class presented a 
stunt entitled " 1893 — ^A Wake — 1993/' in which all the classes, and 
Harvard as well, represented by cardboard signs, were buried in 
a coffin, about which were grouped the class members, smoking 
pipes, with Glidden officiating as master of ceremonies to the accom- 
paniment of a dirge by the band. When '93 was laid to rest, its 
card persisted in bobbing up again, and repeated attempts failed 
to make it stay in the coffin. Finally, when all the other classes 
had been buried "for keeps," the beare