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Ted Siddoway, a San Francisco architect, lived on the east side of Telegraph Hill in 
San Francisco's North Beach for 53 years. The apartment building he chose was 
perched on a steep cliff with step-down apartments stacked against the hill. He 
lived at the bottom apartment with over 90 steps to reach his front door. His 
memories give us a sense of what it was like to be perched in his eagle's nest. 

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Office of the President 
The Telegraph Hill Dwellers 

P.O. Box 3301 59 
San Frandsco, CA 941 33 

P.O. BOX 330159 SAN FRANCISCO. CA 94133 - 415.273.1004 www.fhd.orc 

• nded in 1 954 h> papetuote tte historic krxfilians of Son Francisco's leiegraph Hdl and to repiesenf ihe camnuraiy iolarests of ib residenb and prapeft/ o*nen 


HARRATOR: Ted Siddoway 

INTERVIEW DATES: July 14, 2006 

INTERVIEWER: Gail Switzer 

TRANSCRIPT DATES: April 24, 2007 

TRANSCRIBER: Claudette Alison 

EDITORS: Rozell Ovexmire 



Transcriber' s/Editor' s Comments 

[Ted Siddoway, an architect, lived on Telegraph Hill in the 
North Beach district of San Francisco for over 50 yecurs in 
the same apcurtment on the east side of the hill. He 
remembers his favorite haunts of the district and a few of 
the surprising events that happened on and around the 


Name J. Theodore 


(First) (Middle) 



Address 48 Calhoun Terrace 

San Francisco 





Date of Birth June 29. 1925 

Place of Birth Tehon Citv. Idaho 

Name Date and Place of Birth Date and Place of Death 

[JTS's ancestors (Briggs from Lancaster, England and Siddoways from Durham, 
England) came to the U.S. and went to Utah.] 


James William Siddowav 09/14/1861 . Salt Lake City. UT 1917. age 56. Idaho 

Ruth Ann (Briggs) Siddowav 03/19/1868. Salt Lake Citv. UT 1929. age 61 . Idaho 

[After their marriage, the Siddoways moved to Tehon City, Idaho where they were 
sheep farmers.] 


James William Bean 11/19/1853. Provo. UT 08/5/1941. age 88. Teton 

Citv. ID 

Olive (Smoot) Bean 02/1 0/1 860. Salt Lake Citv. UT 07/27/1 943. age 83. 

Rexburq. ID 

[The Beans had 15 children, 1 1 of which lived to adulthood. Mr. Bean was a 
polygamist and had another family that lived next door in Provo. His second wife was 
called Aunt by his chikJren and both families got along and were friends.] 


James Clarence Siddowav 04/22/1889. Tehon Citv. ID 08/28/1967. age 78. Teton 
Citv. ID 

Ruth (Bean) Siddowav 06/08/1 896. Provo. UT 05/1 8/1 983. age 87. St. 

Anthony. ID 


[Ruth Bean moved from Provo to Teton City at age 18. The Siddoways were running a 
sheep business and farming and her family were farmers. Clarence and Ruth were 
married in 1917 and had 8 children, 7 boys and 1 girl.] 


Date and Place of Birth 

Date and Place of Death 

James W. 

09/091918. Tehon Citv. ID 


Idaho Falls. ID 

Raymond Kenneth (Bill) 

10/16/1919. TehonCltv. ID 


St. Anthonv. ID 

Denton R. 

02/02/1921. Tehon Citv. ID 


Idaho Falls. ID 

Grant Bean 

05/22/1922. Tehon Citv. ID 


Rexbura. ID 

Forest R. (Bud) 

12/104/1923. Tehon Citv. ID 


Idaho Falls. ID 


08/22/1926. Tehon Citv. ID 

still livinq 

Jack Clarence 

03/09/1930. Tehon Citv. ID 


Santa Rosa. CA 


JTS never married. 

[JTS lived In Tehon City, ID until serving in the Army/Air Force during WWII. There he 
was good friends with a man who was planning to go to Stanford University after the 
war. All of his brothers had gone to the University of Idaho. However, his mother had 
visited Stanford and liked It so JTS decided to go there. He graduated in Art Design 
after three years, in 1949. He wanted to be an Architect since he was eight years old. 
Stanford did not have a School of Architecture at the time so he applied to Harvard and 
Princeton and was accepted by both. He decided to go to Harvard because Gropius 
was there. 

After graduating, he knew he didn't want to stay on the east coast. He travellled in 
Europe for 15 months and then came back to San Francisco in January, 1955. He 
moved to 48 Calhoun Ten-ace on February 2, 1955 and moved away in May, 2008. 
has been told that his apartment is where Diego Rivera stayed when he was in San 
Francisco with Freda Kahio, painting his murals.] 


Ted Siddoway - Narrator, July 14, 2006 
Gail Switzer, Interviewer, at 48 Calhoun Terrace, San Francisco, California. 

GAIL SWITZER; This is Gail Switzer for the Telegraph Hill Dwellers Oral History Project. 
It's Friday, July 14*, and I'm interviewing Ted Siddoway who has lived on the Hill at 48 
Calhoun Terrace since 1955. So we'll now have Ted start talking. If you want to just give 
your brief background that brought you to the Hill. 

Ted Siddoway: All right. I'm J. Theodore Siddoway, actually, initial J. only, but I'm known 
as Ted by all my friends and family. I was not bom here, I was born in a fanning village in 
Eastern Idaho near the Grand Teton country and my early life was among fanners. My 
father was a farmer and I went to school in the village of Teton and Rexburg, Idaho. Then 
I was taken into the Amriy for two and a half years and was in the Anny Air Force [Corps], 
troop carrier command, and while there at the end of the war I decided I had to think about 
continuing my university education. 

GAIL: This was Worid War II we're talking about? 

TED: Yes, Worid War II. When I returned in 1946 from the occupation in Japan, I had 
applied along with a buddy of mine, also serving over there, to enter Stanford University 
because he sakl that's where he was going to go. I had four brothers previously who had 
gone to the University of Idaho but I thought I would make a change, so I did and I was 
accepted at Stanford and came here for the first time in my life to reside here for some 

Page 1 

time. I had actually left from San Francisco to go to serve in the Far East, the western 
Pacific, in the war. But I returned and started my university work at Stanford in the fall of 
'46 and graduated in June of 1949. But I had seen this area, I liked it, I liked the climate. I 
had been somewhat introduced to San Francisco and I liked that too. I chose as my 
profession architecture. Stanford did not have a school [of Architecture] so I had to select 
another school and I was accepted at Harvard and I went back there during that grand era 
of Walter Gropius and his colleagues while they were teaching there. But I decided I did 
not want to live on the East Coast and since I had liked California so much I decided I 
would come back and search for work in San Francisco, which I did in very early 1955. I 
had graduated Harvard in 1953 and gone to Europe for a year and a half almost, to get 
acquainted with Europe. I came back and came to San Francisco in January of '55, to an 
apartment which I had seen advertised in the newspaper on Telegraph Hill and it turned 
out to be 48 Calhoun Terrace. That was on the 2"*^ of February of 1955 and I've been here 
ever since. So that's how I came here. 

GAIL: You were describing the apartment then and what you've done to it. 

TED: The apartment then was not as big as it is now because of the way this apartment 
house was built, a very unusual site. Some of it was shear cliff, some of it sloping and it 
looked like a honible engineering endeavor, which they apparently solved because I've 
always felt safe on this site, even during earthquakes. But when they built down in the 
stepped fashion that they did with these rather well-known apartments, they left a lot of 
hollow space behind the apartments and over to the cliff. Well, in recent years the three 

Page 2 

48 Calhoun Terrace from the bottom of the hill 

48 Calhoun Terrace from the side 

lower apartments found that they could break through the wall and extend their apartments 
some distance back to the surface of the cliff and so the three lower ones became much 
larger; they were all enlarged. I was in between those three [#48], 46, 48, and 50, which 
were enlarged. But that was done much more recently, maybe, oh, fifteen to twenty years 
ago that those were being completed. So the apartment house has changed. One of the 
owners of the apartment house had decided to modemize ail the kitchens, which they did. 
So all those kitchens have changed from vintage 1937 to, well, modern days. 

GAIL: So the building was built in 1937? 

TED: Yes, '37-'38, I believe. It was before they put in the street up there, which I think is 
dated '39-'40 or something like that. So I saw it after the street had been built, of course, 
but it was an unusual street arrangement in that the Upper Terrace overhangs the Lower 
Terrace and with parking on the curbs, why, there was only room for one car to manipulate 
and it has been astonishing to some taxi drivers, for instance, or other people to come 
around the bend and see this narrow street that they have to manipulate in to get their 
passengers or deliver their fumiture or v\rtiatever it is. It's something that we've teamed 
how to deal with but it's a little alarming the first time you see what the problems are. 
I moved in with nothing but a suitcase and immediately had to start collecting things, 
which I did, and over the years I've collected and collected and collected to where I have 
fifty-one years of stuff. If you've stayed in one apartment very long, why, you know how 
that happens. In any case, I've liked the apartments; they were unusually attractive with 
million-dollar views and charming layouts and on the whole very attractive and entertaining 


to live in. Whenever you have guests they're absolutely dazzled by the views and 
mesmerized, as I was for months when I first moved in. But now I keep my windows 
largely shuttered against bright sun and glare unless people are here. Still one bad thing 
about the apartment was from the top of the street down to the bottom apartment there are 
some ninety or ninety-two steps and there's no elevator in the block and there's no way to 
put an elevator in the building so your legs have to be young and in shape, I guess, for it. 
After fifty-one years mine are becoming less so but I'm still here, I'm still climbing the stairs 
usually at least once a day. 

There have been lots of changes. At first glance you'd think there haven't been a lot of 
changes on Telegraph Hill because you walk up through the neighborhood and say, 'Well, 
no tall buildings have gone up or no huge, huge buildings have come in," and largely that's 
been because of Telegraph Hill Dwellers' insistence that we didn't want to develop our 
neighborhood in that way and the city recognized their wishes and acquiesced and zoned 
It, so, indeed, no tall buildings are allowed on Telegraph Hill. I think there's something like 
a thirty-nine foot limit or something like that height. So the neighborhood doesn't look too 
much changed but if you look a little deeper you'll see that a great many of the buildings 
have been replaced or wholly modernized and totally changed and some have been 
designated landmark buildings and they can't be changed, at least extemally. So all this 
makes for a very homogenous neighborhood and it pretty much stays that way in your 
mind. People that have lived in the neighborhood love it. People are friendly. However, 
the neighborhood has changed from one largely of Italian families to a very mixed group 

Page 4 

stairs down to Siddoway Apartment 

and very few children are ever seen among those families. It's more or less professionals 
and older people who tend to live on the Hill. 

Beyond the Hill here, however, the million-dollar views have changed, they've changed a 
great deal. When I looked east out of my windows in '55 and I looked towards Berkeley or 
Oakland I could see green, green, green. It looked like forest over there with very few 
buildings. Now it's just solid architecture, houses, institutions, etc. are very much grown up 
since I moved in. 

If you look south through my windows or off my deck you see the business area of San 
Francisco, the financial area, and it's totally changed. Great, great high buildings have 
gone up and once where the produce markets were down below we have some very 
modem and rather attractive apartment units in there. All that has been changed and I've 
watched that come on and grow over all these years, some fifty-one years now. But the 
business buildings have gotten higher and higher and started more creeping towards the 
Hill here. Back in the 70s I think the city got alarmed about that and began very rigid code 
changes in the city government which stopped the encroachments. So all that - there's a 
defining line down there, I think around Pacific Avenue or something like that, that you 
can't come any further north with your high buildings. At one time I could see the so-called 
high buildings on Market Street from here, not a one of those is left to my view because 
they've all been blocked by higher buildings in between over the years. 

Page 5 




When I look north I used to look out and be able to see the islands - well, one island up in 
the north bay here, and I could watch the ships coming in all around the bend there but 
now this hill is very much overgrown, a fair jungle, in fact, of greenery, so I can't see north 
beyond my door, really, and my window. I still have this gorgeous eastern view but it has 
changed greatly over the years. 

The architecture in the neighborhood, as I say, every house along Union Street has been 
either changed or totally replaced from Montgomery down to the terraces. The two that 
aren't apparently changed from the street view are the two that are on Lower Calhoun 
Terrace. The Neutra House, which is nationally famous or maybe even world famous. It's 
by Richard Neutra, the very famous architect, and that remains the same. Also the face of 
the Calhoun Apartments remains pretty much the same as it was. On the Upper Terrace, 
the so-called Compound Area, which I'll speak of later, has been totally replaced by a large 
block, rather nicely designed, apartment house. And the other two buildings along the 
terrace there have been greatly modernized, one just recently and the other - the last one, 
the more southern one, much earlier. So that brings the terraces up to date, I think. 

GAIL: Which is the Neutra House and how do you spell Neutra? 

TED: N-e-u-t-r-a is Neutra, Richard Neutra. He worked out of - he was an Austrian, I 
think, or German, one or the other, and he was taught in Europe but ended up in the 
United States in Los Angeles. He put up a few beautiful buildings in the modern style, very 
well detailed and everything in this house up here is especially detailed - doorknobs, 
shelving, and mirrors, everything. None of it was out of a catalogue, it was all beautifully 

Page 6 

Neutra House (foreground) and Calhoun Apartments (right) 

48 Calhoun Terrace (Calhoun Apartments) 

done, it was done for the people who owned a large store in the Oakland area and then 
the man died off and it was transferred to a couple who were retiring. I think they were out 
the Midwest; their name was Goodkind, very good neighbors. Then Mr. Goodkind died off 
and Mrs. Goodkind moved away to a country house that she had and it was sold again to 
the people who own it now. They're some fellows who are very good and very careful 
about taking care of it. So that is, as I say, a landmark building, it gets a lot of attention 
from architecture students who come by to see it. As a matter of fact, it used to be on the 
San Francisco - and maybe still is - tour of this historical area. They would come and for 
many years they would visit the house and they were sort of entertained in the gardens 
below the house by the people who owned the house. It was a nice little gesture on their 
part. That takes care pretty much of the architectural things I've seen change here. 

Now the neighborhood in a way hasn't changed very much except in traffic. When I came 
here you could find a parking space near your front door any hour of the day or night. 
Well, America grew more prosperous and everybody got a car, if not two cars, and there 
are not many garages in this part of town, especially in the older buildings. But most 
families were getting two cars so there had been a problem developing over the years and 
it is one that you have to be very savvy about, when you could leave, when you could 
retum, and what the rules of the parking are and, I guess, even when you can maybe 
break a rule and park in a red zone ovemight or something like that. But it's quite a difficult 

Page 7 

other things on the Hill haven't changed so much except that Speedy's Market, which is 
wonderfully convenient to have here, has changed ownership four times. 

GAIL: Since you moved in? 

TED: I mean I've known four different owners here. But the shop pretty much remains as 
a mom-and-pop type store but there have been subtle differences depending on who 
owned it. Right now people are very happy with the present owners. 

GAIL: Can you talk about the previous owners and what it was like with them? 

TED: The first owners were some people named Leon and Irene Wiatrak [In 1954, the 
Spediaccis sold the business to the Wiatraks, page 73, San Francisco's Telegraph Hill, by 
David Myrick] and they were people who lived down at the foot of the Hill on the northwest 
side but had their shop up here. The husband was the butcher for the shop, they've 
always had a butcher counter, and the wife handled the counter. They had a couple of 
children who occasionally came in to help too but when they grew up, they disappeared. 
Well, I think Mr. Wiatrak died and so the property was sold to a man and his wife who 
came from the Fresno area, I think. His name was Atashkarian. There are a lot of 
Armenians in that area. But he took it over and was a very enthusiastic person and tried to 
provide all sorts of little additional details, as much as he could in the small space that they 
had. After a while he tired of the grocery business and decided he wanted to go into real 
estate, which he did, and sold out to some people who had worked for him who were 


Chinese-Americans. They had been stock boys and that sort of thing, delivery boys, and 
the two brothers took over - Marshall and Art Dong were their names, very friendly, very 
much-liked people. As I recall, two or three years ago the Hill gave them a large party 
when they decided they wanted to retire and filled up a restaurant here on the Hill. It was 
packed with people who came out to wish them well. But they sold out to a pair of fellows, 
one was an American, one was a French-Canadian. They are operating the store now. 
They added a little innovation, kind of a deli as well as the other additional things, a much- 
welcomed kind of thing which we didn't have before, at least on the top of the Hill. I'm not 
sure whether there were any other groceries up here on the top of the Hill in the past. 
There might have been and well may have been. But when I arrived here in '55, only 
Speed/s was left. Speedy's was founded in 1915 by the Spediacci family, hence the 
name Speedy's, and it was actually titled The New Union Grocery Store but everyone 
knows it affectionately as Speedy's and everybody's kept that Speedy's name. So that's 
been one of the changes I've seen but in a way it hasn't been a change at all because it's 
always been a market there where I do a great deal of my marketing for my kitchen. 

Further down the Hill, across the street from Speedy's on the north side of Union when I 
arrived here was an abandoned grade school for children. But since the children had 
started disappearing there wasn't any need for the school anymore so it sat there until a 
man named Schaeffer, who used to be down in the Potrero area decided he wanted to 
move to the North Beach area and he took over the whole building as a design studio. He 
was a designer of commercial designs. He took that over 'til, I think, the city decided to 
sell the property or whatever, or Mr. Schaeffer did, I'm not sure, but it was sold to the 


Schaeffer School of Design on Union about 1955 

350 Union Street, 2008 

present owners who built the 350 Union Street Apartments, which are mostly studio 
apartments . There are, I think, two which are not. It has a great courtyard in the center. 
They're quite attractive but they are small. So that was the biggest architectural change 
along that street clear down to the bottom of the Hill. 

about 1955 

All the others - a lot of them were here during the Great Fire. Some of them on the top of 
the Hill were saved but all the others were put in in the eariy century, I think, teens and 
'20s, that sort of thing, to the bottom of the Hill down to Washington Square. So there has 
not been too much change there. 

GAIL: You mentioned you felt safe in earthquakes. You lived through one in the late '50s. 

TED: I lived through a lesser one but still one that caused a lot of damage down in the 
downtown area. It was in 1 957 and I was on the top of a twelve-story building there, 
working for an architect there. It was just before noon or just at noon when it happened 
and for about fifteen minutes you coukl feel the building swaying back and forth, back and 
forth. So you knew it was a fairly strong earthquake and you went down to the street and 
there was glass all over. I don't think there were any fatalities during that one. But I got 
home from there that afternoon and found that some pictures had gone askew on the wall 
and some plate guards on my stove had shifted a little and that was all that had happened, 
so I felt very safe about that one. 

Page 10 

The next one was a real shocker, the Loma Prieta (1989). As we all remember it was just 
before the first throw out of the World Series, which happened to be the Oakland A's and 
the San Francisco Giants down here at Candlestick Park. Well, just as everybody was 
fixing their first cocktail of the evening and going to settle down in front of the TV set, 
whammo. The first thing you do is run for the front door, which I did with my glass in hand, 
and waited there to see whether there would be another horrible shock. There was some 
shaking after it but no other shock came. Then I spotted a upstairs, Gladys, who lived up, I 
think, in No. 40 or something like that, and she was at the door too; she had her glass in 
hand. I said, "Well, maybe we'd better get together and sit this through." She says, "Good 
idea, come on up." She was waiting for her husband who was away at his gymnasium and 
we waited and waited and waited for him; finally I left but that was after dark. He was 
having a hard time, I guess, getting through the traffic to get home because all the traffic 
lights had gone out, the city was totally dark as the sun went down only the automobile 
lights were illuminating the city. 

Sansome Street down below me here was absolutely solid bumper-to-bumper, non-moving 
cars because the Bay Bridge had been shut down by the falling roadbed and that became 
a parking lot. So everybody who was going to go anywhere had to go either down to San 
Jose and come up the other side or go across the Golden Gate Bridge and then across the 
San Rafael Bridge to get to the East Bay. It was a terrible night but people were very 
patient. People would get out of their cars and direct traffic. We could see that t>elow, 
they had flashlights - "Now it's your tum, now it's your turn." [chuckle] It was an 
interesting show. One of the few great shows I've seen here from my windows, and 


Page 11 

entertaining. I had telephone service in my apartment 'til very late that night so I was 
phoning all over the cxiuntry and people could phone me in San Francisco. I said, "Well, I 
can phone out," and they said, "We can't, would you please phone for me?" So I was 
phoning people in the - 1 had one friend who wanted his sister phoned in Wisconsin. 

I called a sister in Idaho and I said, "We had an earthquake but I don't think it was too 
serious. She said, "Oh, yes, it was. The bridge is down and the north part of the city is 
buming." And I didn't realize that until much later when the smoke started coming around 
the edge of the Hill here and it got very, very smoky here. 

GAIL: But you had no damage in the apartment? 

TED: I had no damage. I had one glass vase fall from the top shelf in my living room but it 
had hit against something before it quite got to the floor so it didn't break. That's all that 
happened in that one so I said, "This building must be pretty safe." 

GAIL: Even though it's on a cliff. 

TED: Yes. But, of course, after every earthquake there's a few more cracks you see in 
the walls but you see those even whether there're earthquakes or not. That was a great 
show that night but a previous great show which happened I guess around the eariy '60s 
or something like that was just late one working day as people were coming home from 
work - it was in the summer I think because it was a nice wamn night. There was a fire 

Page 12 

alarm down on Sansome Street, It happened to be one of the large brick warehouses, over 
eighty feet high, no windows in it, but it started burning and I guess probably every unit in 
San Francisco turned out for it. But as people came home and it was still daylight and 
there were the cop cars, so they took a pitcher of whatever it was that they wanted to drink 
and took a chair out and we sat there all evening watching this great fire bum in this huge 
building and it went on and on and on 'til way after dark. The building was gutted and 
finally it was demolished and now it's part of Levi Straus Plaza down here. But that was a 
great show that night. Lots of people turned out for the real fireworks. That was fun. 

GAIL: You also mentioned the Produce Market. 

TED: The Produce Market was wonderful to visit. It was kind of almost a tourist attraction 
because it went on all night. They would bring in the produce from across the Bay and 
separate it from the trucks and so forth and the grocers would come down with their trucks 
and get what they wanted and take it back and all that had to be done before they opened 
in the moming. So there were lights on all night down there. Well, one of the things about 
it, they had restaurants down there. So after, say, you had been out nightdubbing or going 
to a concert or a movie or something you'd say, "Let's go get something to eat in the 
Produce Market". It was wonderful fun to go down there and see all these workers and get 
a bowl of chili or something like that. It was very entertaining if you weren't quite ready for 

GAIL: And that was where Golden Gateway is now. 


Page 13 

TED: That's where the Golden Gateway is now. 

GAIL: When did that end? 

TED: Well, I think that was through the '60s. The city was deciding that our shoreline here 
was much too precious to give over to things like that so they started to develop it and 
they've pretty much gone all the way from Crissy Field these days, clear around the bend 
and down below the Bay Bridge and south there. It's promenades and developments. 
They have kept a lot of the piers and I don't know whether they intend to keep them but I 
think probably they do, some of them. Mentioning the piers and coming here in the '50s, it 
was great fun to watch the ships from abroad come in during the week because they came 
from all over the world. I had a little book that told me what the signs on the ships meant 
and what the ensigns of the flags on the ship - what country they were from. Nearly every 
slot would be full here during the week. 

GAIL: On the piers just down here? 

TED: On these piers here, yes. Just total boats, total ships. But once the Oakland Port 
got really built up and could take the ships, they started going over there and, of course, 
now no cargo ships come into San Francisco so it left these piers without any takers. But 
that was a very interesting thing to watch. On the weekends they would totally clear out 
because the longshoremen didn't work on weekends. Now everything is in containers and 

Page 14 

they have all the proper derricks and cranes and all that In the East Bay - Oakland and up 
to Stockton where all this is taken care of. The problem was that in San Francisco, if you 
unloaded in San Francisco, the only way out for the railroads was to go clear down to San 
Jose and then go east or south or west or north or wherever it was - not west but north, 
because there was no railroad across from here to Oakland. No railroad bridge was ever 
built so it cut San Francisco out as a cargo port and that left them with no longshoremen or 
anything like that either. Of course, the passenger ships still come in and the Navy still 
comes in but that's about all. The pleasure boats have taken over too. It's been 
interesting to watch the development over the years. 

I have a note here that says "compounds." There was a compound here [chuckle] which 
was a leftover from the early part of the 20* Century sometime - the teens or the '20s, 
whatever - that had developed up here on a big building lot. A one-story building painted 
rather garish colors, very ramshackle construction but for many years it had been occupied 
by artists. There were about two or three, they say, on the Hill in various places. This one 
was at the corner of Upper Calhoun Terrace and Union Street. By the time I got here in 
'55 there were very few artists left there. I think they were mostly young people working 
down in the Financial District or in the downtown area but they would come home at night 
around five o'clock and go up to the roof, take their chairs and their cocktails or their beers 
on the warm summer nights and just sit around and visit with each other 'til after sundown. 

GAIL: Every night? 

Page 15 

Top of Union Street with "Compound" on corner, c. 1955 

Top of Union Street with "Compound" on corner, c. 1955 

TED: Every night that they could with the weather permitting. They were a young group, 
largely unmarried but had lots to visit about apparently. I never joined them ever because I 
didn't live in that compound but [chuckle] this building here had its own little Bohemian 
ways too. I think during the Second World War and after, until I got here in '55, they had 
been very neighborly as a group. On Friday aftemoons, Friday evenings you left your door 
open, you put out all your refreshment bottles, shall we say, and cans on your kitchen 
counter, left the door open, and everybody wandered up and down the stairs and you just 
- if you ran out of fuel, as it were, you could go in the nearest kitchen and load up again 
and that's the way it would be until, I guess, more or less dinnertime and that would be a 
standard thing on Friday nights. In addition to that they would have street dances where 
they would close the Lower Calhoun Terrace, clear it of all the cars, they would wax the 
pavement and they would rent a dance band and put in overhead lights spanning between 
the buildings and the concrete wall and they would have this little party every year and it 
was free to everybody. So you invited your friends and then you had a few posters around 
the Hill saying, "Come on over and join us in the street party." They did that. That was 
kind of a thing. But I think I saw the last one only when that happened. 

GAIL: When you moved in. 

TED: Yes. I think they had them usually in September or in the nice part of the weather 
here, in the warm part. I think the first Septemt>er I was here they had one so I saw what it 
was like. They rented tables and chairs and the dance band and everybody had a good 

Page 16 

time. Because if you wanted something to drink, well, the apartments were open, go in 
and fix what you want, [chuckle] 

GAIL: And that had been going on for years? 

TED: That has been going on, I think, yes, for many, many years. I don't know whether it 
was going on during the war but it might have been, but it certainly was after the war. 
Because there were some so-called Bohemian types that lived in this building. As a matter 
of fact, one afternoon my doorbell rang and I answered the intercom and there was a 
young man saying - introduced himself and said, "If I said the name Diego Rivera would 
you know what I was talking about?" I said, "Well, of course, I've taken many art courses 
and I've seen a lot of his work, especially in Mexico City and some in San Francisco." He 
said, "Well, do you know that you're living in the apartment he lived in?" I said, "No, I did 
not know that." But apparently he had some sort of authority or reference maybe through 
Rivera's own autobiography or something like that, I dont know. I've tried to verify it with 
some books about him but I haven't been able to verify that since. But he and his wife, 
Frida Kahio, apparently lived here when it was just a small apartment and he was doing 
the murals here in San Francisco. So there have been a few people like that in the 
building. But I think he would be considered the most famous. 

GAIL: How many units were there in the compound? 

Page 17 

TED: I don't know but there nnust have been at least eight or ten, maybe even more. 
Some of them maybe were shared with people but some were just single people living 
there. But you'd see that group every night that the weather was good, sitting on top of the 
roof of this garish pink building and having the best time, helped along by a little - well, 
tiddledy, shall we say? That was in 1961 and that was sold to somebody that wanted to 
retire. He was an out-of-towner and wanted to build some income property so he hired a 
very well-known architect, somebody I had worked for as a matter of fact -a very well- 
known architect, even intemationally well known named Gardner Dailey who did the 
building. They tore down the compound and put up this nice-looking apartment house. 

GAIL: And it's there now. 

TED: The one new big building that has come into the neighborhood since I moved here. 
I don't know who owns it now; I think the original owners have since passed on. 

GAIL: What about Grant Avenue, what businesses were there? 

TED: Well, Grant Avenue's changed over the years but in a way - not much you could 
really analyze because there have been many bars that opened and ckDsed and then the 
little dress units or clothing units opened and closed. Then some little galleries that 
opened and some closed and then there' ve been one or two restaurants that opened. But 
some of the old names still stay. But you drive along it and you think, "Well, this hasn't 
changed since It first was there, put up, when it was called - on some maps all this area 


Page 18 

was called the Latin Quarter t}ecause of all the Italians who lived here. It was largely 
Italians who were up here. But these days a good deal of it is Chinese on the west side of 
the Hill and they've moved into some of the stores on Grant Avenue too but not too many. 
Those have been largely kept by the Italian families, I think, or others. But it has changed 
in many ways. Of course, I used to patronize a good many of the places, the restaurants 
and some of the spas, as It were. It's always been tiny stores, there's no big brand thing at 
all down there. 

GAIL: Do you remember when you first moved here what restaurants were there; where 
you would go at night? 

TED: I don't know. But that souffle place that was there for years. [Cafe Jacqueline] It 
only made souffles. It may still be there, I'm not too sure. That's been there many, many 
years. The Savoy-Tivoli was there a long time ago. That, for a while, was a restaurant as 
well as a bar. I don't know whether it's still a restaurant or not. Back in an alley behind 
Grant Avenue there was one called the Spaghetti Factory and that's still open too, I think. 

GAIL: It's called the Bocce now. 

TED: Yes, they've changed the name. But that was an alley you walked into to get back 
into it. That's where I first heard of the word "steam beer," which is indigenous to San 
Francisco, which they sold there. Well, the New Pisa was on the comer down towards the 
south end of Grant Avenue there, before it hits Columbus Street, but I think it has moved 

Page 19 

around the comer. I think it's called something else now. One of the most recent ones to 
get in there has been this Greek restaurant [Estia], which I've been to and it's good food. 
But other restaurants I don't remember so much, no. But there have been a lot of 

GAIL: So where would you tend to go on a night out? 

TED: Usually down to the Square, Washington Square on Columbus Avenue. If I was 
staying in the neighborhood at all that's where I would go because Washington Square is 
always brightly lit. A lot of those restaurants have been there almost forever. Finally, Fior 
d'ltalia was moved out by the fire, but the North Beach Restaurant has been there as long 
as I know. That's just on Stockton Street there. Now Moose's was on the other side of the 
square for many years and called The Washbag, The Washington Square Bar and Grill. 
He ran that but he wanted to get a little grander so he moved across the Square into a 
place that used to be an Italian fumiture shop. He upgraded and made a very fine 
restaurant and bar out of that and it became very popular. I understand now that's been 
sold to someone else but it still retains the name Moose's. Well, for many years we had 
the movie theatre on the Square and that played movies and then finally movies didn't pay 
off so they tumed it into kind of a vaudeville place. They had some daffy shows there for a 
while and then I think they made it into kind of a mall and now it's - 1 dont know what it Is 

GAIL: But it used to show first-run movies? 

Page 20 

TED: More or less, yes. It was the neighborhood movie house that people used to go to 
t)efore the age of television. It took in the '50s and '60s, I guess, and drove so many 
movie houses out of business, in the neighborhoods especially. Of course, part of North 
Beach - but not Telegraph Hill - is the wharf down there. That's changed quite a bit. It 
gets more and more and more touristy and I find it less and less attractive to me but it's 
very popular with tourists. But that's right at the foot of Telegraph Hill. I'm not as familiar 
with the north side of Telegraph Hill as I've been with the other three sides. But I don't 
think it's changed too much simply because of the zoning laws. Other than that, I'm the 
only thing that's changed, I think [chuckle] to an old man. I'm still going, as Telegraph Hill 
is. I see some people of my vintage still coming out. Every once in a while I don't see 
them anymore and I guess you know what's happened. 

It's been a great neighborhood. Everybody who lives here has sort of loved it. It's become 
a little pricey in temns of rents, i think, but a lot of young people today get very good jobs 
and they can afford it so they do. 

GAIL: Your neighbors In this building, have they mostly been here a long time or ...? 

TED: Not recently. There's been a great tumover in the last, oh, four or five years, I would 
say. During the - 1 would say '50s, '60s, and '70s, there was hardly any turnover at all. 
Everybody got to know everyone by first name and all that. You'd know whose car was 
whose and that sort of thing if you needed them to get out of your way or whatever. But 

Page 21 

it's very hard to keep up with them now. One of the things is that the rents have greatly 
increased although if you stay here, why, you're protected by the rent laws but if you're just 
moving in, why, it's very pricey, about as pricey as any in town, I think. This and Russian 
Hill, Pacific Heights. But I came and I stayed, still here. 

GAIL: You must have liked it. 

TED: Yes. As I say, I like the neighborhood very much, the people and the people who 
are in the building I liked too but I don't know anybody in the building anymore except two 
who have been here a long time along with me, one of the ladies upstairs and then a 
doctor who's a guy further up who has been here a long time too. We're the three old- 
timers now. 

GAIL: How many units are there? 

TED: There are eleven units. There are three that were originally all similar but the 
bottom three are those that have t>een enlarged. There were eight units that were all 
similar and three have been enlarged out of those eight. Now in addition too, there are 
three that were put into the innards of the buikiing and really only have a view south. They 
don't have the Bay view unless you go out onto their decks, which they do have decks, 
little decks on the south side of the building. But they dont have this expanse of windows 
that I have here. 

Page 22 

GAIL: But eight of them do. 

TED: But they do have a view, yes. Every apartment is a view apartment. That's what's 
always made the building more popular with people. You know, the view in San Francisco 
is a big thing, a view and a fireplace, deck. Those are big selling points. 

I dont know what else I can bring up that I haven't covered. As I say, I like the 
neighborhood, I'm always glad I lived here. It's very entertaining for me and my friends. 
The nice thing about it was I worked in the city and from Telegraph Hill when I was working 
I could walk to work on any job I had, I didn't have to take the MUNI or drive or anything 
like that; you could walk. Now sometimes it was up and down hills but when you're 
younger you can handle those things. But that was always nice and it was always nice 
maybe after working all day in an office to get some exercise by walking home maybe the 
mile or mile and a half or whatever it was, even though it was uphill some of it. 

GAIL: Did you do architecture for homes? 

TED: We did homes and apartments and largely the homes were outside the city. I had 
been in offices that were all kinds of things - institutional buildings and medical buildings 
and commercial buildings. I ended up in a two-man office, which was largely just 
apartments and single-family homes. Some of those down on the Peninsula, some in the 
East Bay, some in the Upper Peninsula. Some of the apartments we did - we did some 
lovely apartment remodels here in San Francisco for, shall we say, the rich people. They 


Page 23 

were fun to do because you cxjuld do nice things. So that was a lot of fun. Yes, I preferred 
that kind of design to the large institutional schools, hospitals, and university buildings; all 
those kinds of things weren't quite as interesting for me. For a while I worked for a man 
who did homes for Joseph Eichler, If you know who Eichler is. They're kind of well-known 
homes. They're very American Western style, lots of glass and modern post-and-beam 
construction. They're very attractive and they're money makers these days, they sell for 
quite a lot of money if they're in good shape, even though they were considered modest 
homes at the time. 

GAIL: They were sort of their version of the tract home. 

TED: Yes, It was. They were largely tract homes. We would make little variations in them 
so they weren't all just one ilk. That was a nice job. I enjoyed that work. Other than that, 
I've been using San Francisco as my base. I traveled a lot in recent years and seen quite 
a bit of the worid, not all of it but quite a bit. I have my favorite spots but more and more if I 
travel I go on cruises because it's a little easier. 

GAIL: Well, if you're finished about the Hill, I'll tum it [the recorder] off. 

TED: lam. 

[End of interview] 

Page 24 

PHOTO CREDITS - Ted Siddoway 

David Myrick, THD Archives Collection: 

48 Calhoun Terrace from the bottom of the hill Between Pages 2 and 3 

Schaeffer School of Design on Union about 1955 Between Pages 9 and 10 

Top of Union Street with "Compound" on comer 1955 Between Pages 15 and 16 

San Francisco Public Library Historical Photogr^h Collection, originally Holiday 
Sunbathing on the Compound roof. Upper Calhoun Terrace at Union Street, 1958 

Between Pages 15 and 16 

Gail Switzer, THD Oral History Committee Interviewer: 

48 Calhoun Terrace from the side of the hill Between Pages 2 and 3 

Upper and Lower Calhoun Terrace, 2008 Between Pages 3 and 4 

Stairs down to Siddoway apartment Between Pages 4 and 5 

Ted on his balcony view to south-east Between Pages 5 and 6 

Neutra House and Calhoun Apartments Between Pages 6 and 7 

48 Calhoun Terrace (Calhoun Apartments) Between Pages 6 and 7 

350 Union Street, 2008 Between Pages 9 and 1 

Top of Union Street, Dailey House on comer, 2007 Between Pages 15 and 16 



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