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I • 



^ GIFT OF 1 
Dr» E, A, Turco 

In memory of 
Dr. E. A. FilipeUo 



Leaves from a Society Reporter *s 



Price, - $2.50. 


Copyright, 1903, 


Mary Bowdkn Carroll. 

Press of Popp & Hog an, San Jose, Cal. 


Mrs. Jfatmfe ^. fUrCSflj^P. 

A frieitd, tried and true, I affectionately dedicate 
this volume. 


It is with pleasure that I present this volume to the 
public. Not a single fact in it has been exaggerated, and 
the conditions described are true even to the smallest detail. 

I am no stranger, for a residence of a quarter of a cen- 
tury here, and nearly twenty years of active work on the 
local newspapers have made me familiar with this valley 
and its people. 

This work was not prepared in the interest of any or- 
ganization, but in the hope that it might, to some extent, 
be the means of attracting desirable people to this fertile 
valley, where Dame Nature wears her brightest robe 
through all the year, and where are found sun-kissed bow- 
ers, cool glades, and hills bedecked with myriads of flowers, 
as if by the touch of some fairy wand the choicest blossoms 
had been showered over all this favored land. 

Mary Bowden Carroi,!,. 

Endorsement of Chamber of Commerce. 

The Chamber of Commerce of the County of Santa 
Clara hereby endorse the work published by Mary Bowden 
Carroll, entitled **Ten Years in Paradise — I^eaves from a 
Society Reporter's Note-Book." 

The book truthfully portrays the past and present con- 
ditions of Santa Clara Valley, and meets with our approval. 

V. A. SCHEi,i,ER, President. 


Chapter. Page. 

I. Arrival in Santa Clara Valley 9 

II. Society in the Forties and Fifties, .... 13 

III. Society in the Sixties and Seventies, ... 25 

IV. Society in the Eighties and Nineties, ... 33 
V. Scenery and Climate, 45 

VI. The Wild Flowers , . 51 

VII. The County Seat, 59 

VIII. Popular Societies, 67 

IX. Prominent Clubs, 73 

X. The Home of Woman's Clubs, 85 

XI. Charitable Organizations, 99 

XII. A Trip Through the County, 105 

XIII. Places Where Everyone Delights to Linger, . 119 

XIV. Santa Clara County for the Home Seeker, . 131 

XV. What Santa Clara County Offers to the Capi- 
talist 143 

XVI. Society Affected by Soil and Climate, . . 149 

XVII. After Ten Years in Paradise, ..... 155 

XVIII. Bayard Taylor's Dream Realized and His 

Prophecy more than Fulfilled, . . . 183 

Appendix — Society Directory, 197 



Street Sceoe in San Jose, 9 

Hotel Vendome 13 

Interior of Victory Theatre, 40 

Water Falls at Alum Rock Park 45 

Bradley Almond Orchard, 48 

Santa Clara County Hillside covered with Wild Flowers 52 

Penitencia Creek, Alum Rock Park 57 

Scene on North First Street 64 

Santa Clara College 104 

Orange Trees at Sunnyvale, 108 

Memorial Arch, Inland Stanford Jr. University, . .112 

San Jose's Water Front, 116 

Reduction Works at New Almaden Quicksilver Mines, 120 

Scene at Alum Rock Canyon, 124 

Scene at Alum Rock Park 128 

Curing Prunes in Santa Clara County Sunshine, . . 132 

Lemon Trees on Dr. Babb's Place, 136 

Uomas Azules Vineyard 140 

El Quito Olive Orchard, 144 

Residence of Dr. J. I^. Benepe 160 

Residence of Mr. Frank H. Moon 164 

Residence of Mrs. A. M. Hobbs, 168 

Residence of Mr. George M. Bowman 172 

Residence of Mr. Nicholas Bowden, 176 

Residence of Mr. WiUiam Wehner, 180 

Interior of Mission Church, Santa Clara, . . . .184 

Mission Church and College, Santa Clara, 1852, . . 188 

View of Pajaro River near Gilroy, 193 



Arrival in Santa Clara Valley. 

|T was in the month of December, accompanied 
by my daughter and son, and with a party of 
fellow tourists that the companionship of travel 
had transformed into close friends, that I first 
set foot in Santa Clara — a valley that Bayard Taylor styled 
* one of the three most beautiful valleys in the world.'* 

We were from the interior of the Empire State, where 
from November until April the thermometer marks twenty 
degrees below zero and the ice measures from eighteen to 
thirty inches in thickness; while Mr. and Mrs. William 
Worth came from that grand old Quaker town, Philadelphia. 
Mr. Worth was in very poor health, and his aim in coming 
west, like ours, was to enjoy a vacation and try the rest 
cure. Kansas claimed as her sturdy son, John Blackstone, 
a college-bred man, an enthusiastic athlete and a member 
of several college frats. Having just been admitted to the 
bar, he was in search of a propitious opening for the prac- 
tice of his profession; while his boon companion, James 
lyearning, was a thoughtful, manly fellow, whose health had 
been impaired by too close study and whose chief ambition 
was to grow strong and well. In the party were also Miss 
Margaret Titian and Miss Clara Wagner, both accomplished 
artists and musicians, who proudly and on all occasions 
spoke of their home in Boston, and also George Enterprise, 
a thoroughly wide awake business man, who firmly believed 
''that there is a tide in the affairs of men which taken at the 
flood leads on to fortune." He had an abiding faith that 

10 Ten Years in Paradise. 

here in this great "Golden State'* the tide was now at its 
flood, and that here was the place for him to win the wealth 
he sought. He was ready to engage in any legitimate busi- 
ness that promised to pay a reasonable profit on the money 
invested. Mr. and Mrs. John Thrift and sons came from 
Maine, and their hobbies were the raising of poultry, vege- 
tables, and berries, and while so engaged they wished to be 
in the shade of their own vine and fig tree. An ancient 
dame, whose name was Mrs. Curiosity, hailed from Nowhere 
and from Everywhere. She had read that Paradise was lo- 
cated in a fertile valley which nestled between spurs of the 
Coast Range Mountains in the central part of California, 
and was curious enough to make the journey just to see for 
herself if this were truth or fiction. Mr. and Mrs. Grace, 
and their invalid daughter, whose pale face, listless manner 
and hacking cough spoke plainer than words that a celestial 
rather than a terrestrial paradise would probably be her 
home ere long, had crossed the continent from their far away 
Connecticut home in search of the jewel, health, without 
which all other treasures sink into insignificance. With 
them was Mrs. Grace's father, Mr. Phelps, whose faith in 
the California climate nothing could shake. 

We had carefully read the guide books and had learned 
that San Jose, which was our destination, was the chief city 
of Santa Clara County and was pronounced **San Hosay,*' 
and really after a little practice this name sounded very 
musical and pretty. 

Our first night was spent at the Hotel Vendome, and as 
soon as we had crossed its portals we no longer felt as if we 
were strangers in a strange land — in fact, it had all the 
charms of home. Our first impressions in this case have 
been lasting, for after years of intimate acquaintance, that 
first agreeable mental picture has never been eflaced. 

The building, a large, airy, wooden structure, was sur- 
rounded by a scene of natural and created beauty. The 
grounds on that December afternoon were brilliant with 
flowers, shrubs, and climbing vines, which gave gayety and 
an air of friendly welcome to the place that gladdened our 

Arrival in Santa Clara Valley. 11 

hearts. Grand old oaks, graceful palms, feathery pepper 
trees laden with bright red berries, and tall stately euca- 
lypti towering above a wealth of marigolds, violets, and 
myrtles, met our admiring gaze. 

The air was soft and balmy, the sun clear and bright, 
and the thermometer marked sixty degrees. 

We were soon ensconced in luxurious chairs and chat- 
ting merrily before the roaring fire that burned brightly in 
the big fireplace in the spacious office rotunda. 

Our suite of rooms was on the third floor, with an out- 
look upon the lovely and well-kept garden, and it is needless 
to say that we were soon enjoying the numerous comforts, 
the varied and excellent fare, and praising the faultless 

There were billiard rooms for ladies, a large parlor, 
reading, breakfast and ball rooms, and an attractive dining 
hall, around whose walls at intervals were arranged brackets, 
from which hung a luxurious growth of "wandering jew;" 
and we never tired of looking at its variegated foliage 
ranging from the palest green through the tones of rich 
browns and reds. The whole building was illuminated 
with electric lights and the temperature was regulated as 
desired — in fact, it had all the equipments of any up-to-date 
hotel in New York, Boston, or Chicago. 

Flowers were seen on every side; begonias and roses on 
mantels, while every table in the dining room had for its 
central decoration a bouquet of exquisite blossoms. The air 
was redolent with the odor of violets, which grew in such 
luxuriance that picking seemed to increase rather than 
lessen their marvelous abundance. 

The broad verandas were shut in by glass, which could 
be opened to admit the fresh and gently blowing zephyrs or 
closed against the chilly blasts. These were popular places 
for promenading and delightful lounging places for the 
weary and the feeble. Here, too, we delighted to loiter and 
listen to the tales that tourists would repeat on their return 
from a morning or an afternoon drive. 

The marvelous stories told to them by some of the in- 

12 Ten Years in Paradise. 

habitants whom they had met, were so alluring that if the 
visitors were credulous and lacking in a sense of humor they 
might have thought this valley really the *%and of Prom- 
ise." We heard the same narrations repeated again and 
again, and we made up our minds that if these fabulous stor- 
ies were only half true then every inhabitant must surely 
possess an Alladin's lamp. Indeed, each goose, hen, and 
turkey must lay nothing but golden eggs. The reports far 
outrivaled the most imaginative fairy tale. According to 
one of the cicerones encountered by a party of sightseers, 
the people who dwelt between the two ranges of surround- 
ing mountains had only to pluck in order to eat. He ex- 
plained that to live here was a perpetual picnic, so easy did 
the people take life. Why, the climate is so salubrious and 
the soil so productive that although the people ''toil not, 
neither do they spin," yet their coffers were always filled, 
and to them came the elegant homes and costly raiment 
which are only found among people of wealth. It was well 
that the travelers had two ears with which to hear and a sense 
of humor and sympathy to understand such fabrications. 

Many of our party who had letters to prominent people 
here hastened to present them. After a few days all sepa- 
rated, each going his or her own way, but all promising 
that the tenth anniversary of the coming to this land should 
be royally celebrated by a grand reunion. 

We decided to defer our sight seeing for the present, and 
to become familiar with the general conditions existing here, 
and by careful day by day observation and inquiry to learn 
the advantages and the disadvantages of taking up our 
residence permanently in this which seemed to us on first 
appearance to be a veritable paradise. 





Society in the Forties and Fifties. 

|H£N we were leaving our home in Otsego county, 
the knowing ones predicted that ere long we 
would return, ready and willing to endure the 
sleet and frost in preference to a life of loneli- 
ness and isolation. 

Our friends thought we were forsaking the center of 
culture and refinement, and that while we might live in 
perpetual sunshine surrounded by semi-tropical plants and 
flowers, we would also be obliged to live in solitude. To 
some it seemed that we were relinquishing everything that 
to civilized people make life pleasant, for our new home on 
these western shores was pictured as a lonely place, where 
we would find no congenial companions. We were told 
that we would be denied the agreeable intercourse of friendly 
neighbors; that the wants of the soul, of the mind, and of 
the heart would be sacrificed to the wants of the body. 

Imagine our delight when after a little investigation and 
inquiry we discovered that here not only were there all the 
elements of good society now, but that society in this valley 
had always been of the best from the very beginning of its 

As our social surroundings are such necessary adjuncts 
to the welfare of all, we will endeavor to present a true 
picture of some of the social gatherings of the past and the 
part played by the men and women who laid the foundation 
and made society what it is to-day. In our eflforts to do 
this we have received valuable aid from many who figured 

14 Ten Years in Paradise. 

in the social scenes of the past, and from some whose par- 
ents and grandparents occupied prominent places in society's 
charmed and charming circle. These reminiscences will 
certainly convince the most skeptical that society here is 
not in a chaotic condition and that the social circles have 
long since lost the elements of newness and compare favor- 
ably with those of the Eastern slope. 

Society as found here before the days of '49 is graphic- 
ally told by one of San Jose's cultured women, Mrs. Francis 
A. Sunol- Angus: 

**A great deal, some of it true, most of it colored with 
the light of other days — has been said and written of the 
stirring days of '49, but no one has yet lifted the veil that 
dropped when the adventurer and the prospector, following 
the golden light, found on Pacific's shores the realization of 
the visions conjured up by the magic name El Dorado — the 
veil that separates old California from the new, as invisible 
yet as real, as any existing state line. 

"For the gold excitement, bringing in new energy and 
activity, brought also new disturbing elements, and where 
there had existed a boundless hospitality, with the incoming 
of the'estranjero' the social limits contracted and formality 
and ceremony began to be observed. 

**I speak of the early '40's, my own father's boyhood 
days, and my grandfather, Don Antonio Sunol, and his 
home, are a fair picture of the chivalrous host and the 
warm-hearted hospitality of the times. The guest chamber 
was seldom untenanted, and seven or eight guests together 
were welcomed and entertained for two or three successive 

"English, Russian, and American trading vessels made 
periodic visits to San Francisco, and the merchandise was 
brought overland to San Jose on pack horses. When time 
permitted, the supercargo, captain, and some of his officers 
would accompany the caravan, and for weeks were royally 

"There being from fifty to one hundred Indian servants 
in the household, each guest was provided with his special 

Society in the Forties and Fifties. IS 

one, who waited upon his every want during the entire 
visit. Horses, the very best in the stables, saddles, silver 
mounted or plated, and a guide were always at his com- 
mand and a servant always on hand to clasp and unclasp 
each gentleman's spurs, while another led his horse away. 
The host and his family devoted themselves to the enter- 
tainment of the guests and a series of festivities was gotten 
up in their honor. 

**The homes of Don Salvis Pacheco, Don Dolores Pa- 
checo, Don Jose Noriega, and Don Antonio Sunol were the 
scenes of many of these festivities. 

**Can you guess how their invitations to a ball were sent 
out? Some gay cavalier, who possessed a melodious voice 
and could thrum the light guitar, attired in a gay holiday 
costume, with clinking silver spurs and mounted upon a 
spirited horse, pranced and curvetted through the plaza sing- 
ing some ditty, and when he had arrested the attention of 
passersby addressed them in friendly, courteous language, 
extending the invitation to all present, rich and poor, not 
low and high, for each man was as good as his neighbor, 
and wealth did not place a man upon a pedestal of honor. 
When pleasantries had been exchanged between the mes- 
senger and the crowd, he passed on and stopping at the door 
of each house repeated his invitation, thus honoring all 
with a daylight serenade. 

** Young ladies attended balls and parties accompanied 
by their mothers, or, in the absence of these, by some el- 
derly female relative. The chaperon was known as the 
*duena.' Young men and maidens carried on their court- 
ship at these balls right under the unseeing eyes of the 
watchful (?) duena. When this secret love-making had 
reached a successful issue between the pair, the youth ac- 
quainted his father with his hopes and aspirations, and he 
in turn sought the maiden's father. His consent gained, 
the bride's trousseau was immediately prepared, the wed- 
ding was announced and in a few weeks the marriage bells 
were ringing. The festivities lasted a week or more, and, 
as at other times, everybody was welcomed and feasted. 

16 Ten Years in Paradise. 

The bride's dower consisted of household furnishings, cattle 
and horses, — quality in accordance with her father's means. 

''There were no formal receptions, no ceremonious calls. 
Ladies went out from their homes in simple household at- 
tire and spent a few hours in friendly ^conversation with a 
neighbor. When visits were made in the evening a num- 
ber of friends called together and the time was given up to 
music, dancing, fun, and laughter. 

**The younger members never felt any restraint in pres- 
ence of their elders, although they treated them with the 
most scrupulous deference and respect. Boys always stood 
with heads uncovered while speaking to old or middle-aged 
people, even on the street. 

* 'There was one generous custom dear to the heart of 
the California boy, and that was the godfather's gift at the 
christening — gold and silver coin thrown out by the hand- 
ful and scrambled for by the small boy. 

**The modes of salutation during the *Golden Age' were 
the hearty hand-shake, when the meeting between friends 
took place upon the street, un abrazo (an embrace) when 
within the sacred precincts of home. 

**As I have tried to show you, simplicity was the rule; 
forms and ceremonies were unknown. There was no vic- 
ing with one another as to who should stand upon the 
highest round of the social ladder, but each one extended 
his hand to help another climb to where he stood, so that 
over all there reigned a spirit of peace and good will. 
Would that we might stop for a moment in our feverish 
rush for recognition and position and breathe in the spirit 
of the olden times." 

How delighted must have been the early pioneer women 
on their arrival here after a long and dangerous journey to 
find the cultured and chivalric daughters and sons of Cali- 
fornia who, with courteous grace, were ever ready to ex- 
tend a helping hand! For as the stream of settlement 
flowed westward, the flowers of a hearty welcome sprang 
up on either bank, and relieved the hardships of laborious 
and lonesome lives. 

Society in the Forties and Fifties. 17 

Joseph H. Scull, who came here at an early date and 
who has carefully watched the changes that have taken place 
during the past fifty years, writes: 

*'I regret to say that I will have to disappoint you in 
giving the desired information in regard to social gather- 
ings here during the early 'SO's. I did not, for a moment, 
think that such reminiscences would be of any value or in- 
terest after the lapse of years, and therefore did not charge 
my memory with them. 

'^Nevertheless, assuming that I have your permission 
to do so, I will jot down some remarks as I go along on the 
subject at hand. There were very few American women 
here in those early days, and they were mostly married, so 
far as I remember; and American girls, grown to woman- 
hood, were like 'angels* visits, few and far between,' and 
hence social gatherings were scarce, balls being the chief 
amusement in vogue, consisting of quadrilles, contradances, 
waltzes, and Virginia reels, and for variety's sake occasion- 
ally an Irish 'break-down,' when some Celtic fellow-citizens 
were present. Later on the schottische, the polka, and the 
mazurka were introduced. The California girls, as a mat- 
ter of course, were largely in the majority, but unaccus- 
tomed to social gatherings, their only amusement being 
'fandangos,' as California balls were then called. The 
dances were the contradance, the waltz, and one or two 
kinds of jigs; and the music a guitar, and sometimes two, 
until the arrival of a Mexican who could scratch on the 
fiddle enough provincial music to dance by. The 'fandangos' 
continued to flourish long after immigration began to 
pour in. 

"As the time passed on, in the early 50* s here, the Cali- 
fornia girls began to adopt American methods, especially 
in balls, and soon became adepts in the steps and move- 
ments of the new dances mentioned, and were exceedingly 
graceful. It is needless to say that 'los Gringos' were not 
slow in availing themselves of that Terpsichorean circum- 
stance; and to induce the girls to go to a ball they notified 
them beforehand that carriages or hacks would be sent for 

18 Ten Years in Paradise. 

them. So during the earliest period, no llght-brown-faced 
and black-eyed senorlta ever went to or from an American 
ball on foot, but when women began to be plentiful the cav- 
alier carriages became obsolete. 

**It is worthy of remark that at an American ball at 
that time harmony, good will, and the utmost decorum pre- 
vailed. Everybody stood on a perfect equality while in the 
ball-room, and to my certain knowledge there were no in- 
vidious distinctions, either expressed or implied. An Ameri- 
can ball always had the appetizing adjunct of a bountiful 
supper. The music that set 'the light fantastic toe' agoing 
consisted of a fiddle, — a fiddle, mark you, not a violin — and 
later on with a flute accompaniment. San Jose had not yet 
risen to the dignity of possessing a regular orchestra, but 
withal an American Terpsichorean function was a pleasur- 
able affair to attend." 

This decade was perhaps the most important in the so- 
cial history of San Jose, for about this time families, — men 
and women of sterling worth and possessing all the accom- 
plishments necessary to the formation of a solid foundation 
on which to build society — settled in this valley. 

Before this time, however, Mr. and Mrs. James F. Reed, 
parents of Mrs. John Murphy and Mrs. Mattie Lewis, had 
arrived here. The Reed home was always the scene of so- 
cial gatherings, and at one of their large dinner parties it is 
said that Mrs. Reed paid sixteen dollars apiece for turkeys, 
and bought all that were to be had. 

During the meeting of the first Legislature **every house 
was an inn where all were welcomed and feasted," and all 
through the session not an evening passed without a large 
party at some home. Of course, the big ball at the close 
was the event in San Jose's history. No wonder many 
belles and beaux of that time still preserve with care and 
look with pleasure at the white satin invitation which reads: 

** Washington Birth-Night Ball — Your company is re- 
spectfully solicited at a Ball, to be given at the Capitol, on 
the evening of the 22d instant, at 7}i o'clock p. m., being 
\^^^\ the 118th Anniversary of the Father of Our Country," and 

Society in the Forties and Fifties. 19 

which was signed by the following Committee: Hon. John 
McDougal, Mr. Basham, Mr. Bidwell, Mr. Broderick, Mr. 
Chamberlin, Mr. Crosby, Mr. De la Guerra, Mr. Douglass, 
Mr. Green, Mr. Hope, Mr. Lippincott, Mr. Heydenfeldt, 
Mr. Robinson, Mr. Vallejo, Mr. Vermule, Mr. Woodworth, 
Mr. Aram, Mr. Baldwin, Mr. Bigler, Mr. Brackett, Mr. 
Bradford, Mr. Brown, Mr. Cardwell, Mr, Corey, Mr. Co- 
varubias, Mr. Craner, Mr. Crittenden, Mr. Clarke, Mr. Wil- 
liams, Hon. Mr. Gray, Hon. Mr. Heath, Hon. Mr. Hughes, 
Mr. McKinstry, Mr. Morehead, Mr. Tingley, Mr. Teflft, 
Mr. Stowel, Mr. Stephens, Mr. Stewart, Mr. Scott, Mr. 
Perlee, Mr. Moore, Mr. Patterson, Mr. Randolph, Mr. Ogier, 
Mr. Walthall, Mr. Watson, Mr. Witherby, Mr. Roman, Mr. 
Henley, Mr. Houston, G. F. Wymans, Ben Van Scoten, 
Van Voorhies, Nat. Bennett, H. A. Lyons, F. B. Clement, 
Chas. White, Col. Jack Hays, Major Ben McCulloch, Ma- 
jor Mike Chevallie, Major James Graham, Gen. Don An- 
dreas Pico, Antonio M. Pico, Antonio Sunol, John M. 
Murphy, John Reed, W. H. Eddy, J. D. Hoppe, J. F. 
Howe, Capt. W. G. Marcy, E. Covington, W. B. Olds, A. 
W. Luckett, Bela Dexter, Peter Davidson, J. M. Jones, 
A. Coindreau, H. H. Robinson, W. R. Turner, E. H. Sharp, 

E. Byrne, Ceris Ryland, E. Dickey, A. D. Ohr, Fred. H. 
Sandford, F. Lightstone. 

Among the beauties and belles on that memorable night 
were Mrs, John Murphy, Miss Rea Burnett, now Mrs. Wal- 
lace; Miss Letitia Burnett, now Mrs. Ryland; Miss Maggie 
Jones, now Mrs. Josiah Belden; Miss Laura Jones, who is 
Mrs. Hunt of Visalia; Miss Juanita Soto, and Miss Marcel- 
line Pico. 

Among the beaux at this time was Norman Bestor, a 
civil engineer, who made his home, while here, with James 

F. Reed. He played on the guitar and flute, was a fine 
singer, and an all-around favorite. 

Mr. Bestor, in a letter, regrets being unable to give a 
satisfactory account of the early social functions. He writes: 
* 'During the first Legislature I was in San Jose; and it was 
then that I surveyed the 500-acre tract adjacent to the town. 

20 Ten Years in Paradise. 

belonging to Mr. Reed, and laid it off as an addition. Mr. 
Reed named the streets himself. From 1850 to 1856 I was 
engaged at New Almaden quicksilver mines and lived there. 
During that time I frequently drove to San Jose to attend 

Mr. Bestor married Miss William Jane Childes, a sister 
of Mrs. MacLeod and an aunt of Mrs. B. C. I^ngdon of this 
city. His home is now in Washington, D. C. 

Some of the other society men of the fifties were Ralph 
Lowe, S. O. Houghton, Drury Malone, J. H. Flickinger, 
Joseph H. Scull, Henry Alvord, Eleck Moore, D. McDon- 
ald, and Keat Bascom. 

In these early days many houses were brought around 
the Horn, and set up on arrival. A few remain, and their 
quaint appearance is a marked addition to the landscape. 

One of these is that of Judge A. L. Rhodes, and under 
this hospitable roof friends have delighted to gather since 
the days of fifty-five. In '54 Mr. and Mrs. Rhodes came 
across the plains with a train of fifteen men, with Mr. 
Rhodes as captain. Mrs. Rhodes told that one evening 
during the journey a man called and asked if his train of 
ten men could not join forces with them. The man was 
Jefierson Trimble, a brother of the late John Trimble. At 
Humboldt River they were met by John Trimble, who 
guided them to this valley, where he had already settled. 
Miss Ware, now Mrs. John Selby, came with them. 

Judge Rhodes graduated at an early age from Hamilton 
College, New York, and in 1866 that institution conferred 
the degree of Bachelor of Laws on the learned jurist. 

When Mr. and Mrs. Rhodes moved on the Alameda, 
over forty years ago, their nearest neighbors were Judge and 
Mrs. Craven P. Hester, who lived where the Clark home now 
stands. Charming social gatherings were held at the Hes- 
ter home, and their accomplished daughters. Miss Sallie, 
now Mrs. Maddock, and Miss Lottie, who is Mrs. Phelps, 
and whose homes are in San Francisco, assisted in dispens- 
ing the most generous hospitality. 

Among the notable families that came here in '53 was 

Society in the Forties and Fifties. 21 

that of Mr. and Mrs. Coleman Younger, who arrived after 
a six month's trip from Missouri. Their house was brought 
around the Horn, and it is needless to say that as soon as it 
arrived, with true Southern hospitality, it was thrown open 
and a large party given, when among the guests were: 
Drury Malone, Tad Robinson, all the State officers, Bleck 
Moore, Major and Mrs. S. J. Hensley, Mr. and Mrs. P. H. 
Burnett, Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Wallace. 

In speaking of social functions Mrs. Younger said that 
in '54 she remembers spending a delightful evening at the 
home of Don Antonio Sunol, whose hospitality was un- 
bounded, whose trained Indian servants were the envy of 
many less fortunate, and whose exquisite table linen, 
adorned with Spanish drawn work, was the admiration of 
all. The guests included Mr. and Mrs. Ryland, Mr. and 
Mrs. Wallace, and Mr. and Mrs. Younger. 

A large dancing party, given for the benefit of the Pres- 
byterian Church when Rev. Dr. Garwin was pastor, was 
among the many enjoyable functions here. In this the mov- 
ing spirits were Mrs. Crosby, Mrs. S, J. Hensley, and Miss 
Lois Bradley. 

Mrs. Maddock has graciously written the following rem- 
iniscences of those early times: **In looking over a journal, 
which I kept when a young girl, I find that almost every- 
thing of interest is jotted down. The young married ladies 
were Mrs. Hensley, Mrs. Belden, Mrs. Ryland, Mrs. Wal- 
lace, Mrs. John Murphy, Mrs. Yoell, Mrs. Lottie Thomp- 
son, Mrs. Fred Appleton, and Mrs. Gertrude Horn, mother 
of Mrs. Atherton of literary fame. Among the young la- 
dies were Miss Price and her sister Miss Bettie, now Mrs. 
John Moore, — ^both noted for their beauty; Colonel Young- 
er' s daughters. Miss Helen and Miss Fanny, Miss Mary 
Smith, Miss Yontz, Miss Echols, — a beautiful girl. Miss 
Ellen Skinner and sister. Miss Nellie, Miss Mattie Reed, 
Miss Henrie Bascom, pretty and witty. Miss Lizzie Bran- 
ham, Miss C. Packwood, Miss Divine, later Mrs. Estee of 
San Francisco, and pretty Miss Lizzie Miller, now Mrs. 
Mitchell and living abroad. 

22 Ten Years in Paradise. 

**On July 17, 1858, Mrs. Hensley gave a garden party, 
when the grounds were lighted with lanterns, and supper 
was served in the summer house. Among those present 
were: Mr. and Mrs. Josiah Belden, Mr. and Mrs. Ryland, 
Mr. and Mrs. John Murphy, Mr. and Mrs. Younger, Mr. 
and Mrs. Appleton, Mr. and Mrs. Yoell, Mrs. Thompson, 
Mr. and Mrs. Archer, Misses Camilla and Bettie Price, Miss 
Divine, Miss Yontz, Miss Holmes, of Oregon, Fred Hale, 
William Mathews, Dr. Chamblin, Mr. McGowan, John B. 
Hewson, Dr. Shaw, William Lewis, Mr. Gregory, Mr. 
Yontz, Mr, Moultrie, Mr. Johnson, and Mr. Davis. 

"On February 3d, 1858, Mrs. Fred Appleton gave a 
fancy dress party at her home on the Alameda. Mrs. Ap- 
pleton was a dark beauty and charming in manner. She 
was dressed as a gypsy; Mrs. Smith as night; Miss Yontz 
as morning; Miss Packwood as morning star; Miss Lily £s- 
chols as Mary, Queen of Scots. All were in costume. Oth- 
ers present were Misses Bascom, Divine, Thompson, Price, 
and Hester. The gentlemen were John B. Hewson, Wil- 
liam R. Davis, Messrs. Lewis, Gregory, Yontz, William 
Mathews, Hall, Dr. Bell and others. Miss Lottie Thomp- 
son Phelps was a highland lassie, and Miss Sallie Hester 
a flower girl. 

**Then we had balls galore at the old State House on 
the plaza and at the City Hall on Market street. 

**I remember a large party given by the young men of 
San Jose in 1865 at the City Hall. For those days it was a 
brilliant aflfair. At that time others were added to the 
above named list of society people: Mrs. William Dickenson, 
Mrs. Flora Burnett, now Mrs. William Hester, Mrs. Brown, 
Mrs. Rhodes, Mrs. Thornburg, a beautiful woman, and 

In 1858 the Young Men's Social Club of San Jose was 
organized, and Ralph Lowe is the possessor of one of the 
cards with the names of the officers and members. They 
were S. O. Houghton, W. R. Yontz, and W. A. Lewis, as 
officers; and as members: J. B. Hewson, James H. Gardner, 
George Evans, John M. Sherwood, B. F. Dewey, C. E. Che- 

Society in the Forties and Fifties. 23 

ney, A. W. Bell, Ralph Lowe, L. P. Peck, W. E. Davis, 
Joseph Bassler, John R. Yontz, John H. Gregory, Alex 
Beaty, S. Bassler, John Q. Pearl, A. Redman, J. H. Flick- 
inger, John M. Murphy, P. O. Minor, Edmund McGowan, 
and William Mathews. Below this list was W. H. Travos, 
teacher of dancing. 

Mr. Lowe has also the dance programme of the second 
ball of the Santa Clara Valley Agricultural Society, given at 
the City Hall, Friday evening, October 21, 1859. 

The Reception Committee included James F. Kennedy, 
John B. Hewson, W. A. Lewis, Patrick Murphy, Colonel 
HoUister, and Joseph R. Weller. The managers were Cary 
Peebles, Colonel Younger, R. G. Moody, H. C. Malone, S. 
J. Hensley, W. A. Bray, L. Prevost, E. S. Chipman, W. 
Reynolds, and W. T. Wallace. The floor managers were 
John M. Murphy and H. H. Winchell. The order of 
dances was promenade march, quadrille, schottische, ma- 
zurka, polka, waltz, quadrille coquette, Highland schot- 
tische, varsovienne, and quadrille march. Then supper and 
afterward the quadrille, waltz, polka, schottische, mazurka, 
Spanish dance, ''Home, Sweet Home." 

In the home of Adolph Pfister the guest was always sure 
of a cordial greeting, and dinners were the favorite form of 
entertaining, the family seldom enjoying this meal without 
two or more guests. 

Mr. and Mrs. T. J. Wilbum, who came here in the early 
fifties from their Missouri home, settled on the Alameda, 
where, with characteristic hospitality, they delighted to 
gather friends around them. Their daughter, Mrs. Givens 
George, speaking of those times, said: **The first party I 
attended here was in the fifties and was a dancing party 
given by Major and Mrs. Hensley. Among the belles and 
beaux present on that occasion I remember Miss Sallie Hes- 
ter, the Misses Price, Miss Mattie Reed, Givens George, 
Ned McGowan, Fred. Hall, Fred. Appleton, John Gregory, 
Jim Maxey, and Captain McKenney." 

A large and delightful social circle, whose members did 
not include the votaries of the ball room, but whose teas, 

24 Ten Years in Rnadise. 

church socials, mite societies and afternoon and evening 
gatherings, were equally as enjoyable, was formed by Mr. 
and Mrs. Donald Mackenzie, Mr. and Mrs. John Piercy, 
Misses Julia and Lou McCabe, the late Rev. H. C. Benson 
and Mrs. Benson, Mr. and Mrs. John Selby, Mr. and Mrs. 
T. Rea, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Flickinger, Mr. and Mrs. John 
Trimble, Mr. and Mrs. Smith, Dr. and Mrs. Caldwell, Mr. 
and Mrs. William De Harte Boome, and Mr. and Mrs. E. J. 
Wilcox. Mrs. Piercy often told of the delightful social 
gatherings at the home of Mrs. Mackenzie, and that in 
those times it was the principal place where Presbyterians 
gathered to spend a social evening. About this time the 
Rev. L. Hamilton was pastor of the Presbyterian Church, 
and Mrs. Piercy said that one day the reverend gentleman 
called at her residence on Julian street, where a number of 
church people were spending the afternoon, and told them 
of his latest exploit — that of climbing to the top of the high- 
est peak of the Coast Range mountains; and how in honor 
of this event that peak was afterward known as Mount 

Others prominent in social circles were Mr. and Mrs. 
William K. Smith, who located at the comer of Jefferson 
and Fremont streets, in Santa Clara, in 1853. Their daugh- 
ter, Mrs. R. L. Higgins, who was a belle and favorite as 
Miss Lucy Smith, now resides in the old home. 

These were among the early pioneers who contributed 
largely toward making this valley a desirable place in which 
to build homes, and where many a miner left his family and 
felt that they were safe while he was prospecting for golden 
wealth among the mountains, or compelling them to give 
up their hidden treasures. 

Society in the Sixties and Seventies. 

HE social changes in the sixties are aptly de- 
scribed by a lady who, for years, was one of San 
Jose's lovely and lovable girls, and afterwards 
ranked among the charming and affable ma- 
trons, Mrs. S. O. Houghton, now of Los Angeles: 

*'San Jose society between the years 1861-65 had its so- 
cial code and its exclusive circles, but it was not governed 
by ironclad rules, nor was it hedged with formalities. 

**Its social events were suited to the conditions of an in- 
telligent, sprightly, pioneer community, whose best physi- 
cal and mental efforts were devoted to practical schemes, 
and to matters of great public interest and whose hospitable 
natures still kept in touch with 'old home' customs and in- 
fluences. Few of us lived in houses spacious enough to 
accommodate large numbers of guests, but many delightful 
'teas' and sumptuous dinners brought genial friends to- 
gether informally. 

* 'There were also frequent exchanges of visits among 
families in the evenings. Home talent provided many mu- 
sical treats, and spelling matches for benevolent purposes 
afforded much amusement to large audiences. 

"All entertainments for church or charity were regarded 
as social events. Madame Anna Bishop and Mr. and Mrs. 
Marriner Campbell of San Francisco occasionally favored 
us with concerts, which always brought out the most ap- 
preciative people. Our younger members had also their 
horseback rides, picnics, driving, and dancing parties. 

26 Ten Years in Paradise. 

**It was not yet the custom to have these courtesies and 
merry-makings chronicled in the newspapers, nor were 
brides in those days enriched with wedding presents. Day 
weddings were usually followed with dinners to relatives and 
intimate friends of contracting parties, and night weddings 
frequently ended with dances at the 'hall/ which was deco- 
rated with evergreens for the occasion. 

''An annual ball was given by each of the following or- 
ganizations: Firemen, Odd Fellows, Masons, and Military 
Companies. Armory Hall was tastefully festooned for 
these events with evergreens, flowers, and flags. The re- 
freshments served were elaborate and the music furnished 
was excellent. 

"February twenty-second, July fourth. Thanksgiving 
nighty and New Year's eve were the dates selected for these 
brilliant reunions, which received the recognition and moral 
support of the best people in the community. As the mem- 
bership roll of the first named organization formed largely 
the lists of the others, most of the husbands, brothers, and 
beaux appeared in different uniforms on each occasion. 

"The married ladies who, as spectators and chaperons, 
gave tone and dignity to these festal scenes, were costumed 
in silks, satins, and velvets, high at the neck and with long 
sleeves, trimmed with laces and narrow velvet ribbon. 
They wore white gloves, and carried lace handkerchiefs and 
handsome fans. Their ornaments were garnet and coral 
'sets,* or necklaces of gold, with pendant crosses jeweled 
with pearls and diamonds. 

' 'Brides wore their bridal robes and ornaments, and young 
ladies were gowned in delicate shades of tarletons, swiss, and 
grenadines. Many of their skirts were tucked nearly to the 
waist. The bodices were low at the neck and had short 
puffed sleeves daintily trimmed with lace and satin ribbon. 
They also wore white gloves, and flowers in their hair. Gold 
necklaces with lockets attached were their only ornaments. 

"Dancing began as early as eight o'clock in the eve- 
ning, and those who did not wish to see the peep of day, 
went home before the programme was finished. 

Society In the Sixties and Seventies. 27 

**The tide of general prosperity which reached San Jose 
in 1864 exerted its influence in our social world. Railroad 
communication with San Francisco opened new avenues to 
pleasure, and our pioneer community reached out into 
broader fields for its novelties and amusements. Private 
dances, lectures, theater, concert, luncheon and formal din- 
ner parties were introduced as social events by the time 1864 
was ready to give place to the New Year." 

No home was more hospitable, nor none opened its 
doors more frequently to guests than the one presided over 
by Major and Mrs. W. W. McCoy on the Alameda. Here 
dinners and dances were an almost every day occurrence. 
An elaborate dinner was given in honor of the late Hon. 
Thomas A. and Mrs. Hendricks, when they were touring 
the state in the early '6Q*s. Mr. and Mrs. McCoy were as- 
sisted by their beautiful and accomplished daughters. Miss 
Nannie and Miss Fannie, the latter now being Mrs. Adolph 
Fitzgerald, of Eureka, Nevada. The guests, besides Mr. 
and Mrs. Hendricks, were: Dr. and Mrs. Bascom, Mr. and 
Mrs. W. T. Wallace, Colonel and Mrs. Coleman Younger, 
and Dr. Marcus Chamblin. 

The following charming letter is from Mrs. Fitzgerald: 

**On receiving a letter asking for a brief account of some 
party I attended in San Jose in by-gone years, my mind at 
once reverted to the wedding of two of Governor Burnett's 
children, somewhere near I860. Miss Sallie Burnett was 
married to Mr. Francis Poe of Maryland, I think, and Mr. 
Armstead Burnett to Miss Flora Johnson. Miss Burnett's 
bridesmaids were her cousin, Miss MoUie Smith, and Miss 
Maggie Branham, now Mrs. Ogier. I do not remember 
who were their groomsmen, but those of the other couple 
were Mr. James Johnson, uncle of the bride, and Mr. James 
Whitney, and the bridesmaids were Miss Lou Johnson, and 
Miss Fannie McCoy. 

'*There was a large party on the night of the wedding 
in Governor Burnett's old home, and the elaborate supper 
was served in an unfinished house which Mrs. C. T. Ryland 
was then building in her father's yard. Next day the 


28 Ten Years in Paradise. 

bridal party attended a dinner given by Dr. and Mrs. John- 
son, and on the evening following Colonel and Mrs. Younger 
gave a large party in their honor. Other entertainments 
followed, and at the end of a week's festivities in San Jose 
the party, with parents and friends, went to San Francisco. 
There was no railroad then, and we were driven in carriages 
to Alviso, where we took the boat to the city. There we at- 
tended a reception given by Miss Page and had a good time 
generally for several days after. 

'*Mrs. Poe lived but six months after her marriage, and 
Mr. Armstead Burnett only a year and a half. Mr. Poe 
went East and was killed during the Civil War, and Mrs. 
Burnett, some time after the death of her husband, married 
Mr. Will Hester. Miss Lou Johnson is now Mrs. Dickin- 
son, and Miss MoUie Smith married a gentleman of the 
same name. 

**San Jose was a very pleasant place in those days. It 
was still early enough for the gentlemen to greatly outnum- 
ber the ladies, so beaux were abundant, and the girls made 
much of. There were some beautiful Spanish and Mexican 
girls, too, some of whose names I forget. I remember the 
Misses Pico and Sunol, however.*' 

In writing of these times. Dr. Chamblin said that he had 
very pleasant recollections of his many old time friends in 
San Jose and of the many enjoyable social affairs he at- 
tended here in the early sixties at the homes of Major and 
Mrs. W. W. McCoy, Judge and Mrs. W. T. Wallace, Colonel 
and Mrs. Coleman Younger, and several others, all of whom 
were noted for their southern hospitality. 

The home of Mr. and Mrs. Josiah Belden, which stood 
where the Hotel Vendome now is, was the scene of many 
balls, musicales, and dinners. Among them a sumptuous 
dinner, followed by a dance, was given in the sixties in 
honor of Mr. and Mrs. Delos Cole, who had just been mar- 
ried. In speaking of this a guest, who was present, said: **A 
handsomer bride it would have been hard to find than was Mrs. 
Cole, and no wonder she was the central figure that night 
at the Belden party. Her beautiful neck, shoulders, and 

Society in the Sixties and Seventies. 29 

arms, and her sweet face made, indeed, a perfect picture." 

Mr. and Mrs. Norman Porter, and Dr. and Mrs. Elnox 
were among the new people who selected this city for their 
home; and in *63 they settled here and soon occupied 
prominent places in society. 

A few years later Dr. Ames, a Unitarian divine, made 
monthly trips from Santa Cruz to deliver lectures, and at 
the close of the season the Unity Society sprang into exist- 
ence. Among the active members of this popular society 
that, for nearly fourteen years, gave the most enjoyable en- 
tertainments ever given here, were Mrs. Laura Watkins, Mr. 
and Mrs. Leavenworth, Mr. and Mrs. C. T. Settle, Mr. and 
Mrs. W. Ashley, Mr. and Mrs. Gould, Levi Goodrich, J. J. 
Owen, Mr. and Mrs. Thompson, Mr. and Mrs. G. Blaine, 
Mr. and Mrs. A. T. Herrmann, and Mrs. Elnox. 

In the early sixties the homes of Mr. and Mrs. Thorm- 
burg, and Mr. and Mrs. Gary Peebles, near Santa Clara, 
were frequently invaded by parties of merry-makers, and all 
were sure of receiving a cordial welcome. In speaking of 
one of these surprise parties, Mrs. Delos Cole said that she 
has never forgotten the exquisite singing of Morris M. £s- 
tee, who always was one of the crowd, and who sang ''The 
Mocking Bird'' with inimitable grace at the last party she 
attended at Mrs. Thormburg's. 

One of the enjoyable events of this decade was a fancy 
dress party given in Temperance Hall, which is now the 
Rea building, on the Uth of January, 1867, with E. T. 
Sawyer, E. M. Skinner, W. H. Collins, E. T. Hare, and 
F. M. Hall as a committee of arrangements. 

Society in the seventies was as enjoyable and of the same 
high standard as that of previous periods. 

Mrs. Evaline Prothero Yoell, who for years was consid- 
ered the most beautiful woman in the county, wrote of San 
Jose society, saying: **I attended every party of importance 
from 1852 down to the last three that came very near to- 
gether in 1870, when I left the Garden City. The first ot 
these three was given by Miss Cammila Price, sister of Mrs. 

30 Ten Years in Paradise. 

John Moore, at Judge Moore's residence, In honor of Mrs. 
Phoebe Hearst. 

**The second was the golden wedding of Judge and Mrs. 
Craven Hester, and the last was given by Judge and Mrs. 
A. L. Rhodes, celebrating the anniversary of the wedding of 
their daughter, Miss Mary, to Mr. Alfred Barstow. 

**These parties, all elegant, reflected great credit upon 
the ladies who were to the manor bom. There was no Lud- 
wig or Maison Dore to beckon to their assistance, and who 
appear like magic and quietly steal away. The ladies de- 
pended upon their own tact and ingenuity. My memory is 
not very good and I could not begin to describe them, as I 
fear, amid the glamour of the Oriental splendor of to-day, 
it would sound meagre, which would be injustice to those 
society ladies. 

''At the party at Judge Rhodes', as I entered the room, 
I said to him: 'Where will you find any to compare with 
this bevy of ladies — Mrs. W. T. Wallace, Mrs. Hensley, 
then a widow, Mrs. Josiah Belden, Mrs. Fitzgerald, Miss 
Sallie Hester, Mrs. A. M. Thompson, Miss Cammila Price, 
and Mrs. John Moore?* 

"Our society from the early '60*s down to '70 included: 
Mr. Boring, afterward Bishop of Georgia, and his daughters, 
Misses Julia and Ella, Mr. and Mrs. S. J. Hensley, Mrs. C. 
T. Ryland, Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Wallace, Mr. and Mrs. J. 
F. Reed, Mr. and Mrs. Josiah Belden, Judge and Mrs. Hes- 
ter, and their daughters, Misses Sallie and Laura, Dr. and 
Mrs. Bascom and daughters. Miss Dollie Coombs, afterwards 
Mrs. Horace Hawes, Colonel J. B. Price and daughters. 
Misses Cammila and Betty, Miss Julia Peck, afterwards 
Mrs. Levi Goodrich, Miss Florence Inskeep, Miss Mollie 
Crane, afterwards Mrs. McPike, Colonel and Mrs. McCoy, 
Miss Nannie McCoy, Miss Fannie McCoy, now Mrs. Adolph 
Fitzgerald, and Mrs. West Chappell." 

A large party was given by E. C. Singletary in Music 
Hall, and it was one of the swell affairs of the period. 
Wreaths of ivy, mingled with red and white roses, festooned 
the hall, and from the chandeliers hung bird cages, and ever 

Society in the Sixties and Seventies. 31 

and anon the shrill notes of the golden warblers blended in 
complete harmony with the soul-stirring and body-lifting 
strains from the band on the platform. 

Mr. Singletary proved himself to be a prince at enter- 
taining. The brilliant parlor and club rooms were open for 
all who did not wish to dance; colored servants, in livery, 
attended to every want; carriages were at the disposal of 
the guests, and the sumptuous supper would have done 
credit to royalty. 

In the later seventies the young society leaders organized 
a social club to introduce the German. Professor Milling- 
ton was chosen director, and under the leadership of Charles 
B. Hensley and Miss Kate Moody, the graceful figures with 
their accompanying favors, mirrors, flowers, and ribbons, 
were thoroughly enjoyed by the merry dancers. Among 
the members were Miss Annie Hanchett, afterwards Mrs. 
Jack Wright of Sacramento; Miss Kate Moody, now Mrs. 
W. C. Kennedy; Miss Sallie Trimble, now Mrs. Nicholas 
Bowden; Miss Ella Hensley, now Mrs. Thornton, of Mon- 
tana; Miss Lou Schallenberger, now Mrs. Thomas Mont- 
gomery; Miss Frankie Cahill, now Mrs. Charles Wilcox; 
Miss Jennie Cahill, now Mrs. A. L. Veuve; Miss Jennie 
Wilson, now Mrs. W. P. Veuve; Miss Minnie Foley, now 
Mrs. Richmond; Miss Anitajf allon. Miss Ida George, now 
Mrs. Frank Bishoprick, Miss Ada Ryland, Misses Porter, 
and Miss Pugh; Messrs. Charles Hensley, Loring G. Nes- 
mith, John T. Malone, E. S. Breyfogle, W. C. Kennedy, 
W. P. Veuve, Frank Haight, Sam R. Rhodes, E. C. Single- 
tary, J. H. Campbell, H. B. Alford, George Ashley, Ike 
Loeb, Pomeroy, Cutler, McMahon, Owen, and Howes. 

In '76 the French residents celebrated the Fall of the 
Bastile for the first time in this city. The large ball and 
sumptuous banquet at the Lake House was a social function 
not to be overlooked. The grounds were adorned with flags 
and lanterns and here the large supper table was arranged 
in the shape of a hollow oval. J. Poulain occupied a seat 
in the center, with Hon. B. D. Murphy, who was then 
Mayor of the city, on his left, and J. B, J. Portal on the right. 

32 Ten Years in Paradise. 

The committee of arrangements were Messrs. J. B. J. Por- 
tal, B. Bury, A. Delmouly, J. Jacquelin, and P. Ktchebame. 

An Authors' Carnival and Ladies' Bazaar, the first upon 
the Pacific Coast, was held in Music Hall under the au- 
spices of the Home of Benevolence. It was an event in the 
history of San Jose, and well may the officers of the Home at 
that time be gratefully remembered for the skill with which 
they conducted the affair. 

Mrs. Nellie B. Eyster was President; Mrs. M. H. McKee 
and Mrs. L. W. Moultrie, Vice-Presidents; Mrs. Louise B. 
King, Secretary, and Mrs. Francis D. Williams, Treasurer, 
The Board of Managers were: Mesdames J. C. Cobb, C. R. 
Spaw, T. W. Spring, A. M. Gates, Ben Cory, P. D. Hale, 
Pauline Stone, E. Coombs, T. E. Beans, S. A. Clark, C. H. 
Allen, H. J. Haskell, Jackson Lewis, P. T. McCabe, A. T. 
Herrmann, and M. Dimond. 

The following bit of reminiscence about General Smith, 
at whose home near this city many people have been enter- 
tained, is from Mrs. Mary R. Barstow, daughter of Judge 
and the late Mrs. A. L. Rhodes: 

**General Giles Smith, who served with great distinction 
during the Civil War, and who was afterward appointed 
Second Assistant Postmaster General at Washington, came 
to California in the early seventies for a rest, with his wife 
and little daughter, May. They were accompanied by Al- 
fred Barstow. Mr. Barstow was also connected with the 
Postoffice Department, and he and General Smith became 
great friends. The General bought a ranch in the foothills 
near Alum Rock, where he built a beautiful home and en- 
tertained charmingly. 

"After the General's death, Mrs. Smith and her daugh- 
ter went abroad, where Miss Mary married a gentleman of 
Geneva, Switzerland, and still lives there in the most ideal 
manner, her husband, Mr. Francis Delapaland, being an 
artist of high standing and ample means." 

Among the prominent entertainers Mr. and Mrs. Charles 
Clayton deserve special mention. Their lovely home in 
Santa Clara was constantly crowded with friends, who were 
always welcomed with a hearty, whole-souled hospitality. 




Society in the Eighties and Nineties. 

|OCIAL events in the eighties and nineties fol- 
lowed each other like pictures in a kaleidoscope, 
each replete with enjoyable incidents and all 
forming a most important epoch in society annals. 

The first social function of any magnitude was the golden 
wedding of two of this county's most respected pioneers, 
Mr. and Mrs. Martin Murphy. The scene of the festivities 
was at the Murphy home near Mountain View. No invi- 
tations had been issued, but the doors of the hospitable 
home were opened for all who chose to enter, and upward of 
four thousand were entertained. 

Very brilliant and enjoyable was a large party given by 
Hon. and Mrs. C. T. Ryland in *85 at their home on North 
First street, when guests to the number of four hundred were 
entertained in a manner worthy of the host and hostess. 

About this time the ladies came forward and took an ac- 
tive part in social matters, and the result was the organizing 
of the ** Young Ladies* Social Temperance Club,'* which is 
here described by one of the members, Mrs. A. B. McNeil: 

"Many years ago in the city of San Jose, just when the 
noted l/ccticonian Club, a literary society, was in its dying 
throes, a great need was placed before the earnest young 
women of San Jose. It had become the fad to serve cake and 
wines at all social gatherings. The sisters and spinsters, 
backed by the mothers, decided to abolish this undesirable 
fad. To that end they met in the Farmers* Union Hall, 
which was then new and quite modem. 

34 Ten Years in Paradise. 

**The brothers learned that their sisters and, what was 
even of more importance, their friends' sisters, were holding 
secret meetings in a town hall without their sanction. 

**This ruffled the serenity of their daily meditations, but, 
notwithstanding, the meetings still continued to draw bevies 
of the prettiest girls in the city. 

**The schoolmarms, the gay society butterflies, and the 
grave spinsters seemed all in league together, with the dear 
smiling mothers beaming their approval upon them, and the 
Social Temperance Club was formed. 

**On New Year's day, 1882, it gave its first reception, 
and many youths wondered why it was so hard to leave the 
bower of beauty since no one seemed to seek to detain them. 
Among the many beautiful floral decorations was a large 
bouquet of heliotrope breathing its influence of silent love 
upon the assembly, helping to hold the young men and thus 
robbing Bacchus of victims. 

*'In the evening a select ball was given, and innocent 
merriment ran high. As the bells proclaimed the New Year, 
silent vows of temperance were resolved, and winging their 
way heavenward sped the prayers which silent love in- 

**This club continued an active influence in San Jose for 
about four years, and is still remembered as a noble effort to 
elevate society. 

**The wisdom of having present at all its meetings or re- 
ceptions the influence of wise mothers, who could check 
girlish enthusiasm and give words of warning and helpful- 
ness, cannot be overestimated, and to this is the club in- 
debted for its widespread influence for good. 

** Among its members were the following names, many 
now having been given the cares of motherhood. Let us 
hope that their boys may receive similar protection from 
the wine cup and its lurking companions. 

**Some of the members have been called to their higher 
home, leaving deeds of love as a monument in many hearts. 

**They included: Miss Florence Watkins, now Mrs. An- 
drew P. Hill; Miss Florence Inskep, Miss Belle McMahon, 

Society in the Eighties and Nineties. 35 

now Mrs. Bonnell; Miss Mollie McMahon, now Mrs. Wapple; 
Miss Lois Singletary, Miss Nellie Alexander, now Mrs. 
Hemdon Keith; Miss Kittie Stevens, who became the wife 
of C. Mclver, of Mission San Jose, and who only a few years 
ago fell into that 'precious sleep, from which none ever 
waked to weep;' Miss Ada Mitchell, who is now Mrs. A. P. 
Christman; Miss Kittie Flickinger, who now presides in a 
lovely home as Mrs. ly. P. Graham; Misses Helen and Carrie 
Lewis, Miss Mollie McCarthy, Miss Gettie Moody, now Mrs. 
Bert Thayer; Miss Flora Beale, Miss Luella Gaines, who 
afterwards became Mrs. Dick Smith; Miss Fanny M. Esta- 
brook, now Mrs. Sydney J. Yard; Miss Josie Settle, who is 
Mrs. La Strong of Los Angeles; Miss Lina Hillman, who is 
Mrs. T. O. Smith; Miss Mae Hobbs, now Mrs. Ernest Daw- 
son, Miss Emma Buckley, Miss Sadie Holland, now Mrs. 
A. B. McNeil; Miss Kate Schuck, Miss Hattie Wylie, now 
Mrs. Henry Booksin; Miss Lillian Lyons, now Mrs. James 
Singletary: Miss Virginia Calhoun, Miss Mamie Cla3rton, 
afterwards Mrs. Carroll Gates, who is now 'beyond the 
touch of care;' Miss Annie Colombet, Miss Carrie Smith, 
now Mrs. Charles Moody; Miss Mattie Abbot, who is now 
Mrs. F. A. Taylor; Miss Lou Bethel, now Mrs. Frank 
Fisher of Detroit; Miss Lizzie Selby, now Mrs. Ed Coombs; 
Miss Laura Hellyer, now Mrs. Lee Dabney, of San Fran- 
cisco; Miss Etta Herrmann, now Mrs. Hubbard; Miss Eva 
Hobbs, afterwards Mrs. Bruce Clow; Miss Georgie Dixon, 
who is now Mrs. Irving Bentley; Miss May Sinnott, after- 
wards Mrs. Charles Webber, who is now *in a fairer, purer 
land;' Miss Lizzie Houghton, Miss Mollie King, now Mrs. 
Henry Hart; Miss Fanny Montgomery, Miss Diana Mur- 
phy, now Mrs. Morgan Hill of Paris; Miss Nora Willey, 
now Mrs. James Clark; Miss Mary New, Miss Clara Patter- 
son, now Mrs. Frank Burkholder; Miss Jennie Ryder, now 
Mrs. George Polhemus; Miss Maggie Schallenberger, Miss 
Maggie Trimble, now Mrs. E. C. Reed; Miss Gussie Younger, 
Miss Alice Younger, now Mrs. James Gaily; Miss Annie 
Wilcox, Miss Sallie Trimble, now Mrs. Nicholas Bowden; 
and Miss Effie Smith, who is now Mrs. J. C. Travis." 

36 Ten Years in Paradise. 

Somewhere near 1884 or 1885, Hon. S. O. and Mrs. 
Houghton celebrated their silver wedding in splendid style. 
Their large and elegant home on Third and Julian streets 
was beautifully decorated with ferns, smilax and rare flowers. 
Ample as the rooms of their home were, they proved in- 
sufficient for the entertainment of the many friends Mr. and 
Mrs. Houghton had won during their long residence in this 
valley, so a pavilion was erected in the grounds, where a 
delicious supper was served. Mrs. Houghton was assisted 
by her accomplished daughters, the Misses Mary, Elizabeth 
and Clara, while Judge Houghton found valuable aid in his 
manly sons. 

During the evening a throng of loving friends ofiered 

Perhaps a more representative gathering could not be 
mentioned. The Bench and the Bar, which Judge Hough- 
ton had adorned, sent their members; the clergy, the medi- 
cal profession — in fact, some from every walk in life passed 
through those hospitable doors to greet the dear friends who 
had been tried and never found wanting. 

Mrs. Houghton was beautifully gowned in silver gray 
brocade, with crimson velvet. The Misses Houghton were 
dressed elegantly, and the occasion is still remembered with 
pleasure by the favored guests. 

A brilliant party by the young men of San Jose was 
given Friday evening, January 26, 1883, when 
''Shimmering satin and gossamer laces. 

Blaze of trumpets and bugle call; 
A shifting sea of bewildering faces. 
Surging along through the perfumed hall," 
but faintly describes the gorgeous scene. The committee of 
arrangements were: John W. Ryland, E. McAfee, William 
K. Beans, J. C. Travis, Andrew P. Hill, J. B. Cory, and 
A. E. Haden. 

Music Hall was garlanded with cypress and holly berries 
and a large green streamer was stretched across the stage 
bearing the words: **We greet you, one and all." 

The music was by Kauffinan and Parkman, and one 

Society in the Eighties and Nineties. 37 

feature was a schottische composed for the occasion by Mr. 
Kaufiitnan and dedicated to the Yoting Ladies' Social Tem- 
perance Club. 

The ladies who composed the reception committee were: 
Mrs. S. O. Houghton, Mrs. £. O. Smith, and Mrs. Law- 
rence Archer. 

Mrs. Houghton wore an elegant dress of black lace over 
black silk; garniture of red roses; ornaments, diamonds. 

Mrs. B. O. Smith was dressed in rich black satin, 
trimmed with ostrich feathers; point lace fichu; ornaments, 

Mrs. Archer wore a dress of black silk brocade; corsage 
bouquet of red roses; ornaments, diamonds. 

The gentlemen who got up the ball were: Messrs. H. J. 
Alexander, Henry B. Alvord, George Avery, G. Anderson, 
W. W. Blanchard, W. K. Beans, A. L. Barker, Nick Bow- 
den, Frank P. Bull, Dave Bryant, J. Booksin, W. E. 
Coombs^ Dr. Bruce Clow, C. Colombet, Louis Colombet, 
Ed. Clayton, A. W. Coombs, C. Chapman, F. Coykendall, 
R. Coykendall, H. F. Dusing, Ernest Dawson, Ed Enright, 
C. Flickinger, W. Finch, W. J. Fosgate, L. F. Graham, 
Will George, A. E. Haden; C. J. Heyler, J. B. Holly, W. 
B. Hobson, Thad Hobson, A. P. Hill, M. C. Hall, S. O. 
Houghton, D. Hanna, L. Hartman, H. Hart, A. C. Ing- 
alsby, Ed Jobson, Stanley Kelly, L. F. KuUak, John Cahill, 
M. Loryea, Andrew Lendrum, W. W. Leghorn, Dr. F. K. 
Ledyard, John McMahon, Charles Moody, C. J. Martin, J. 
H. Maddox, John McCauley, A. McAfee, Louis Montgom- 
ery, Howell Moore, W. S. McMurtry, L. G. Nesmith, W. S. 
Osterman, J. B. O'Brien, S. Oberdeener, A. Price, F. Pfis- 
ter, R. Pierce, J. H. Pierce, Sam Rucker, John Ryland, F. 
K. Ryland, J. R. Ryland, Ed Snedaker, Dr. W. Simpson, 
Fred Stern, Ed. Snell, Sam E. Smith, R. Smith, W. Selby, 
S. Stone, John TuUy, A. B. McNeil, J. C. Travis, F. W. 
Thompson, H. P. Thayer, A. K. Whitton, Henry Willey, 
Charles Williams, H. Ward Wright, J. Wheeler, C. A. 
Youngberg, E. D. Young, Ed. Younger, and F. Zuver. 

About this time the St. Andrew's Society was formed. 

38 Ten Years in Paradise. 

and the birthday anniversary of Robert Bums was cele- 
brated by a bountiful supper, where nearly two hundred en- 
joyed the hospitality of the society, which numbered amon^ 
its members: D. Wight, George Glendenning, R. McCubbin, 
C. L. Kennedy, Philip Cameron, Captain Angus, and Dr. 
A. H. Cochrane. 

About fifteen years ago the beautiful Hotel Vendome was 
opened with a swell ball when the elite and *'creme de la 
creme" of San Jose society here and in San Francisco gath- 
ered at the spacious caravansary. On that occasion the 
committee included: Dr. W. S. Thorne, Hon. F. E. Spen- 
cer, Hon. B. D. Murphy, Charles M. Shortridge, E. W. 
Clayton, A. K. Whitton, E. W. Newhall, Dr. A. H. Voor- 
hies, and A. C. Bassett of San Francisco. The floor com- 
mittee included E. C. Flagg, W. S. Clayton, R. B. Spence, 
James T. Rucker, James D. Phelan, and Captain Burdick 
of San Francisco. 

A large and exceedingly brilliant party was given by 
Hon. and Mrs. B. D. Murphy to introduce their daughter, 
Miss Mary, now Mrs. H. Ward Wright, into society. The 
interior of the Murphy home on South Third street was 
decorated with the rarest of flowers, intermingled with rib- 
bons and smilax. The guests included nearly all the young 
society people here and many from San Francisco. 

The opening of the Victory Theater on the evening of 
February 2, 1899, was an important social event. This 
splendid and up-to-date structure was erected by the heirs 
of the late James Phelan, and at the initial performance the 
beauty, fashion, and chivalry of the valley were present. 
The theatre had been named '*The Victory" in honor of Ad- 
miral Dewey's victory in Manila Bay. The finish, deco- 
rations, and furnishings were all that artistic taste com- 
bined with ample means could make them, and it was not 
strange that when, after repeated calls, the Hon. James D. 
Phelan, then Mayor of San Francisco, appeared upon the 
stage, that he was enthusiastically greeted by the large aud- 

The Hotel Vendome has been the scene of many social 

Society in the Eighties and Nineties. 39 

triumphs — private balls, concerts, and clubs for social pleas- 
ure have all enjoyed its hospitality. Notable among these 
was a large ball given under the auspices of the Catholic 
Ladies' Aid Society, when the patronesses included Mes- 
dames B; D. Murphy, Coleman Younger, W. B. Hill, L. 
Callisch, D. Belden, W. B. Hobson, L. Archer, M. O'Brien, 
N. G. Arques, C. Dunne, and E. McLaughlin. 

A very large and fashionable ball by the San Jose Lodge 
No. 22, Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, was given 
during the winter of 1901, and in no metropolis of the world 
cotild be seen a manlier, courtlier set than these American 
gentlemen who compose this organization, and who, by 
their courtesy and generous hospitality, proved that they 
were nature's noblemen. 

The committees on this occasion were: Social Sessions — 
Dr. H. C. Brown, Gus Lion, James H. Campbell. 

Reception — ^J. R. Patton, A. M. Barker, Ernest Lion, 
William Gussefeld, M. E. Dailey, W. J. Leet, G. Loeb, A. 
Greeninger, L. Bond, Charles M. Cassin, Dr. D. E. Nash, 
L. A. Spitzer, Dr.H. B. Gates, Jackson Hatch, Judge Wm. 
G. Lorigan, C. J. Martin, A. E. Shumate, Judge M. H. Hy- 
land, A. H. Marten, Dr. J. W. Davy, W. A. Bowden, Chas. 

B. Bills, George T. Dunlap, H. A. Kron, Paul P. Austin, 
and E. H. Bourguignon. 

Floor — E. T. Sterling, manager; J. W. Thomas, Alex 
Hart, Dr. D. F. McGraw, Glen Lumbard, B. Y. Spartz, 
J. C. Halford, Dr. E. O. Piper, J. A. Edwards, Fred M. 
Swanton, Al. C. Eaton, H. S. Bridges, G. F. Barker, E. 

C. Jobson, W. E. Blauer, Emil Lion, Clem Arques, G. E. 
Lindsay, and A. E. Caldwell. 

The grand march bega^ at 8:30 o'clock, and was led by 
W. E. Blauer and Miss Clara Lion. Among those who 
graced the scene by their presence were: 

Mr. and Mrs. Paul P. Austin, Mrs. N. G. Arques, Mr. C. 
R. Arques, Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Bourguignon, Mr. and Mrs. 

D. D. Brooks, Mr. and Mrs. F. P. Barker, Mr. and Mrs. J. 
R. Bailey, Mr. and Mrs. A. M. Barker, Dr. and Mrs. H. C. 
Brown, Mrs, Henry Booksin, Sr,, Mr. and Mrs. J, P. Burke, 

40 Ten Years in Paradise. 

Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Bowden, Mr. and Mrs. G. M. Bragg, 
Mr. and Mrs. G. H. Ballou, Mr. and Mrs. R. J. Butler, Mr. 

D. T: Bryant, Mr. and Mrs. W. M. Beggs, Mr. and Mrs. C. 
B. Bills, Mr. and Mrs. Louis Bond, Mr. and Mrs. P. J. 
Brandon, Mr. Lew Black, Mr. Rene Brassy, Miss Bertha 
Behrent, Mr. and Mrs. G. F. Barker, Mr. H. S. Bridges, 
Mr. W. J. Boschken, Mr. E. W. Clayton, Mr. and Mrs. B. 

E. Cottle, Mr. George F. Carroll, Mr. and Mrs. C.W. Cobb, 
Mr. and Mrs. E. J. Crawford, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Camp- 
bell, Miss Francis Cole, Miss Neva Cahill,Miss Harriet Cory, 
Mr. and Mrs. Al Col, Mr. and Mrs. A. L. Chambers, ' Mr. 
and Mrs. W. E. Crossman, Mr. M. E. Dailey, Mr. and Mrs.* 
H. C. Doerr, Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Dewey, Dr. and Mrs. J. 
W. Davy, Miss Echard, Mrs. Arthur Field, Mr. and Mrs. 

D. J. Flannery, Dr. R. E. Freeman, Mr. and Mrs. W. F. 
Foss, Mr. and Mrs, Joseph FauU, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Gil- 
kyson, Mr. and Mrs. William Gussefeld, Mr. and Mrs. E. 

E. Gummer, Mr. O. A. Hale, Dr. and Mrs. F. C. Gerlach, 
Mr. J. T. Halford, Mr, T. V. Halsey, Dr. and Mrs, C. H. 
Hervey, Dr. and Mrs. W, B. Hill, Mr. and Mrs. W, F. 
Hunt, Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Hancock, Miss Natalia Hart, 
Miss Annie Hablutzel, Miss Lulu Hawley, Mr. and Mrs. 
Charles Howes, Mr. Charles^ H. Hogg, Judge and Mrs. M 
H. Hyland, Mr. and Mrs. Jackson Hatch, Mr. F. L. Ham- 
bly, Mr. J. W. Hinklebein. Mr. A. J. Hocking, Mr. W. E. 
Henry, Mr. and Mrs. W. B. Hobson, Mr. E. C. Jobson, Mr. 
and Mrs. A. H. Jarman, Mr. J. A. Kidward, Mr. F. G. 
King, Miss Luena King, Miss E. Kuhn, Mr. and Mrs. E. 
Knickerbocker, Mr. and Mrs. Valentine Koch, Mr. and Mrs. 
J. R. Kocher, Mr. N. B. Kooser, Mr. R. S. Kooser, Mr. and 
Mrs. C. W. Knox, Mr. Duncan Lowe, Mr. and Mrs. D. R. 
Ladd, Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Leet, Mr. and Mrs. W. F. Len- 
zen, Mr. Emile Lion, Mr. and Mrs. Gus Lion, Mr. and Mrs. 
Ernest Lion, Mr. and Mrs. H. J. Lion, Mr. and Mrs. J. B. 
Lamkin, Mr. and Mrs. R. J. Langford, Mr. and Mrs. J. A. 
Lotz, Mr. G. Loeb, Mr. and Mrs. G. B. Lumbard, Judge 
and Mrs. W. G. Lorigan, Mr. and Mrs. H. E. Losse, Mrs, 
B. C. Longdon, Miss Isabel Longdon, Mr. and Mrs. Charles 



Society in the Eighties and Nineties^ 41 

J. Martin, Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Marten, Dr. and Mrs. W. D. 
McDougall, Mr. and Mrs. John Mackey, Miss June Main, 
Miss Maud May, Mr. and Mrs. P. C. Mabury, Mr. and Mrs. 
G. B. May, Mr. and Mrs. Dick Moody, Dr. and Mrs. D. F. 
McGraw, Miss Jessie McGraw, Miss Louise McGraw, Mr. 
and Mrs. J. W. Macauley, Mr. and Mrs. A. P. Murgotten, 
Mr. and Mrs. C. G. H. MacBride, Mr. T. J. McGeoghegan, 
Mr. and Mrs. Fred Moore, Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Mullen, Mr. and 
Mrs. Martin Murphy, Dr. and Mrs. D. E. Nash, Mr. C. C. 
Navlet, Mr. and Mrs. W. N. Noble, Mr. and Mrs. Stanley Nor- 
ris. Miss Daisy Nichols, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Owens, Mr. and 
Mrs. William Osterman, Mr. and Mrs. J. F. O'Keefe, Mr. and 
Mrs. Louis Oneal, Miss Madaline Ogier, Mr. and Mrs. Her- 
man Pfister, Miss Emily Pfister, Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Patton, 
Dr. and Mrs. T. A. Perrin, Miss Leonte Portal, Dr. E. O. 
Pieper, Miss Pettie Pfister, Miss Thekla Pieper, Mr. and 
Mrs. C. W. Quilty, Miss Gertrude Quilty, Miss Harriet 
Quilty, Mr. E. M. Rea, Mr. and Mrs. E. M. Rosenthal, 
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph R. Ryland, Mr. and Mrs. C. B. Ry- 
land, Mr. and Mrs. George Rutherford, Mr, and Mrs. Will 
Ryder, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Stem, Dr. and Mrs. C. A. Sheets, 
Mr. and Mrs. G. P. Snell, Mr. and Mrs. L. A. Spitzer, Miss 
Mildreth Spencer, Dr. A. J. B. Smith, Miss Isabella Smith, 
Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Stephenson, Mr. and Mrs. E. T. Sterl- 
ing, Mr. H. ly. Schemmel, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Sadler, Mrs. 
Luella Smith, Mr. Fred L. Thomas, Mr. G. Turel, Miss 
Nellie Trowbridge, Miss Jennie Thompson, Miss Stella 
Thompson, Dr. and Mrs. W. Van Dalsem, Miss Geane 
Veuve, Mr. Harry Warren, Miss Hanna Wright, Mr. and 
Mrs. A. Williams, Miss Bessie Williams, Miss Virginia 
Williams, Mrs. Carrie Stevens Walter, Miss Delmas Walter, 
Mr. C. D. Wright, Miss Kate Wright, Miss Clara Wastie, 
Mr. and Mrs. George S. Wells, Mr. and Mrs. W. L. Wood- 
row, Mr. and Mrs. Charles W. Williams, and Mr. and Mrs. 
George D. Worswick. 

Among the notable social functions that have taken place 
here was the reception on the evening of May 13, 1901, in 
honor jof President and Mrs. William McKinley and the 

42 Ten Years in Paradise. 

members of the Cabinet. The Vendome Hotel never looked 
grander than in its decoration of banners, bunting, flags, 
and electric lights on the exterior, and blossoms, shrubs, 
and palms, in the interior. The reception committee was 
composed of Hon. Charles J. Martin, Mayor of this city, 
Hon. William G. Lorigan, Jackson Hatch, Hon. A. L. 
Rhodes, Dr. H. C. Brown, Hon. M. H. Hyland, S. F. Leib, 
O. A, Hale, James D. Miner, J. H. Henry, Major William 
G. Hawley, Dr. J. W. Davy, Hon. Delos C. Druffle, W. C. 
Andrews, Ernest Lion, William A. Beasley, Alfred Holman, 
H. R. Chesbro, Charles W. Williams, J. O. Hayes, David 
Henderson, Mrs. Charles Martin, Mrs. Adolph Greeninger, 
Mrs. Jackson Hatch, Mrs. D. Goodsell, Mrs. Henry Lion, 
Mrs. A. H. Jarman, Mrs. S. F. Lieb, Mrs. J. R. Carroll, 
Mrs. Nicholas Bowden, Mrs. W. P, Dougherty, Mrs. George 
M. Bowman, Miss Belle Mackenzie, Mrs. H. S. Foote, Mrs. 
Nellie G. Arques, Miss Winifred McLaughlin, Mrs. Ralph 
Hersey, Mrs. Henry Booksin, Sr., Mrs. A. H. Marten, Miss 
Estelle Lion, and Mrs. R. Hersey. 

The reception was held in the south parlors. Secretary 
Hay acted as the representative of the President, so unex- 
pectedly absent on account of the illness of Mrs. McKinley, 
and he was assisted by Postmaster- General Smith and Sec- 
retaries Long, Hitchcock, and Wilson. Among the people 
present were: Hon. and Mrs. Charles J. Martin, Mr. and 
Mrs. Nicholas Bowden, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Henry, Mr. and 
Mrs. Albert Harris, Mr. and Mrs. Alfred H. Jarman, Mr. 
and Mrs. George T. Dunlap, Mr. and Mrs. J. P. Burke, 
Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Hall, Mr. and Mrs. Wesley Pieper, Mrs. 
B. M. A. Howard, Mr. and Mrs. Jackson Hatch, Mr. and 
Mrs. William A. Bowden, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Cook, Miss 
Lizette Howard, Mr. and Mrs. Charles J. Cornell, Mr. and 
Mrs. S. F. Leib, Mrs. Arthur G. Field, Mrs. J. R. Carroll, 
Mr. and Mrs. William Gussefeld, Mr. and Mrs. George Bal- 
lon, Miss Alice Gussefeld, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph R. Ryland, 
Mr. and Mrs. S. G. Tompkins, Mr. and Mrs. Hiram D. 
Tuttle, Mr. and Mrs. John F. Brooke, Miss Jane Dock- 
stader. Professor and Mrs. R. S. Holway, Miss Sue Galli- 

Society in the Eighties and Nineties. 43 

more. Dr. and Mrs. F. H. Bangs, Mrs. M. B. Snook, Mrs. 
C. Burrell, Miss Veva Burrell, Miss Agnes Carroll, Mr. and 
Mrs. Valentine Koch, Mrs. Clara Kuhl, Mr. and Mrs. H. K. 
Milnes, Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Martin, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. 
Milnes, Mrs. Knox Goodrich, Mr. and Mrs. William Weh- 
ner, Miss Ida Wehner, Mr. and Mrs. W. F. Hunt, Miss 
Mary P. Carroll, George F. Carroll, Mr. and Mrs. W. L. 
Woodrow, Mr. and Mrs. A. Kellner, Mrs. Laura Delaney, 
Dr. and Mrs. A. M. Barker, Mr. and Mrs. T. Kirk, Miss 
Kirk, Mr. L. Lion, Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Welch, Mr. and Mrs. 
George P. Snell, Mr. and Mrs. T. EUard Beans, Miss Mary 
Beans, Miss Kate Devine, Miss Ada Ryland, Victor A. 
Scheller, Dr. and Mrs. F. C. Gerlach, Mr. and Mrs. Guy 
Vatchel, Mr. and Mrs. Jonathan Sweigert, Mr. and Mrs. 
H. L. Miller, Mr. and Mrs. John B. Carroll, Mrs. W. Conk- 
ling, Mr. and Mrs. W. L. R. Jenks, Mr. and Mrs. R. Las- 
sere, Mr. and Mrs. Gustave Lion, Mr. and Mrs. H. E. Losse, 
Mr. and Mrs. Frank Moon, Rev. and Mrs. Eli McClish, 
Mr. and Mrs. S. A. Bacon, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Davy, Miss 
Emma Riehl, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Faull, Mr. and Mrs. Al 
Col, Mrs. M. Barr, Mr. and Mrs. C. P. Bailey, Miss Green- 
inger, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Moore, Miss Elas Montgomery, 
Mr. and Mrs. A. McDonald, Mrs. F. M. Cottle, Mrs. F. L- 
Cottle, Mr. and Mrs. John E. Auzerais, Robert Syer, Dr. 
George Seifert, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph A. Lotz, Mr. and Mrs. 

F. H. Eastey, Dr. A. C. MacChesney, Mr. and Mrs. Lester 
L. Morse, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Pierce, Dr. and Mrs. H. C 
Brown, Mrs. L. D. Scott, Mrs. G. Kister, Mrs. Luella Smith, 
Mrs. Henry Booksin, Sr., Mrs. Edward Campbell, Miss 
Stella Campbell, Mr. and Mrs. Henry D. Mathews, Mr. and 
Mrs. J. H. Rucker, Mrs. N. D'Oyly, Miss Emily D'Oyly, 
Mr. and Mrs. A. Normandin, Mrs. S. Sennett, Mr. and Mrs. 

G. S. Wells, Mr. and Mrs. E. J. Wilcox, Mr. and Mrs. 
James H. Campbell, Dr. and Mrs. Charles C. Maynard, 
Mrs. A. C. Gage, Mr. and Mrs. R. J. Langford, Mr. and 
Mrs. C. W. Quilty, Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Grossman, Mr. 
and Mrs. Henry Booksin, Jr., Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Hersey, 
Miss Lou Promis, Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Ryder, Mr. and Mrs. 

44 Ten Years in P^raduie. 

W. S. Richards, Miss Mabel Andrews, Rev. and Mrs. J. W. 
Dinsmore, Mr. and Mrs. Will Dinsmore, Miss Stella Thomp- 
son, Mr. and Mrs. Edward McLaughlin, Mr. and Mrs. Dan 
Flannery, Dr. and Mrs. C. K. Fleming, Mrs. S. £. Sage. 
Miss Olga Pieper, Dr. and Mrs. W. D. McDougall, Mrs. L. 

C. Scheller, Mr. and Mrs. Louis H. Bond, O. A. Hale, Ma- 
jor and Mrs. Will Coulter, Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Shumate, 
Miss Leib, Mrs. C. M. Curtis, Mr. and Mrs. L. Sage, Mrs. 

D. Goodsell, Dr. and Mrs. I. N. Frasse, Dr. and Mrs. 
Charles Wayland, Hon. John W. Ryland, Mr. and Mrs. A. 
H. Marten, Dr. and Mrs. M. A. Southworth, Miss Mary E. 
Sullivan, Mr. and Mrs, Edward T. Sterling, Mr. and Mrs. 
W. A. Beasley, Mr. and Mrs. David Henderson, Mr. and 
Mrs. P. F. Gosbey, Mrs. E. Eldred, Mr. and Mrs. George 
M. Bowman, Hon. and Mrs. W. G. Lorigan> Miss Annie 
Wilcox, Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Kocher, Mr. and Mrs. C. H. 
MacBride, Hon. and Mrs. M. H. Hyland, Mr. and Mrs. E. 
H. Bourguignon, Hon. and Mrs. Julius Kahn. 

Another social event was when Governor Nash of Ohio 
and the Congressional party of the same State were enter- 
tained on the twelfth, thirteenth, and fourteenth of May, 
1901. First was given an Italian breakfast by E. E. Good- 
rich at his famous Quito Olive Ranch, when among the 
Santa Clara gentlemen present were: F. C. Ensign, C. M. 
Wooster, W. S. Clayton, Hon. M. H. Hyland, J. R. Lewis, 

E. McGuiness, Rev. H. Melville Tenney, Chief of Police 
James Kidward, and F. W. Crandall; later at an informal 
reception at the Court House, when upwards of eight hun- 
dred people called to bid the distinguished guests welcome: 
and lastly at a dinner to the Governor and party by Mr. 
and Mrs. S. F. Leib at their home on the Alameda. 







Scenery and Climate. 

devoted much time to the study of our new lo- 
cation, noting all the advantages possessed by 
it, and soon decided that in the universal dis- 
tribution of grand Nature's wonderful gifts of 
htBUty^ California may be congratulated on having received 
her full quota, and no portion of the State has a richer treas- 
ury of natural grandeur than has Santa Clara. This valley, 
which lies south of San Francisco Bay, is about sixty miles 
long and of varying width, averaging about twenty miles. 
It is oval in shape and comparatively level, with an area of 
about 800,000 acres, and at all seasons presents an aspect of 
verdant loveliness. 

The surrounding mountains, included within the limits 
of the county, contribute as greatly to its beauty as they do 
to its wealth and productiveness. One need look nowhere 
else for a view more picturesque than this spot, framed by 
chains and chains of hills covered with trees and shrubs. 

On the west the Santa Cruz mountains, with their large 
and profitable vineyards, rise and shut out the winds from 
the ocean. In the recesses of these mountains is the home 
of that distinctively California tree, the redwood. There 
also are large oaks, madrones, sycamores, shrubs, and under- 
brush, which serve as a cover for various kinds of game; 
while in the wooded hills and ravines, hunting and angling 
can be epjoyed. 

On the east also are ranges of hills that rise higher and 
higher until an altitude of 4440 feet is reached at Mount 

46 Ten Years in Paradise. 

Hamilton, which wears a world famous observatory as a 
costly crown. These eastern highlands shelter this favored 
valley from the hot winds of the great San Joaquin region, 
which lies between the Sierra Nevada and the Coast Ranges. 

For a splendid view one should select some eminence in 
the foothills. Many of these hilltops are already sites of 
charming homes and the remaining ones offer opportunities 
for like improvement. Prom such a vantage ground can be 
seen the valley stretching out, an almost continuous vista of 
orchard and vineyard, framed by mountains and traversed 
by two creeks, which follow winding courses until they reach 
the San Francisco Bay on the north. 

For a more magnificent view ascend Mount Hamilton » 
and find new beauties all along the unsurpassed road. Upon 
arriving at the summit an indescribable panorama of splen- 
dor is unfolded. One can see spread out a vast circle cov- 
ered with thousands of plants, trees, shrubs, and flowers, in 
the midst of which can be caught glimpses of dwellings 
glistening in the rays of the sun. At the right is a gap in 
the hills showing the silvery waters of the bay. The color- 
ing here is always beautiful, whether the landscape be viewed 
in springtime when wild flowers and green grass enamel the 
earth with masses of color, when the sunny slopes of the 
foothills are bright with promise for the husbandman, and 
the budding trees are rich with the prospect of golden har- 
vest, or in the summer or autumn when the rich velvety 
brown tones mingle with the green of the orchard and vine- 

The beautiful pastoral scenery of this portion of the 
State always excites admiration. It so impressed Rear- Ad- 
miral W. S. Schley, who was the guest of the city on the 
nineteenth and twentieth of March, 1903, that he said: **I 
have been wondering whether the Garden of Eden was not 
somewhere in this neighborhood.** 

John D. Rockfeller, another noted visitor, arrived here 
in April, 1903, and in a burst of admiration asserted: **It is 
a picture such as I have never seen. Why! it is even worth 
the expense of a trip across the continent to look upon the 

Scenery and Climate. 47 

wonderful Santa Clara Valley;" and Mr. Doubleday of the 
firm of Doubleday, Page, & Co., the great New York pub- 
lishers, is credited with advising his Mends thus: ''Go to 
San Jose. There you will find the Garden City of Cali- 
fornia and the fairest valley in all the world." 

These are but a few of the many graceful comments that 
have been made, for every visitor has only words of praise 
for this section. 

As the infiuence of climate has much to do with the 
picturesqueness of the landscape, it is necessary to under- 
stand the seasons to appreciate all the beauties. In this 
valley the scene changes with the months, but the months 
cannot properly be grouped in the same manner as in the 

Here, winter is the season that brings the rain, and its 
approach is often heralded by a gentle shower or two in Oc- 
tober, although the wet weather does not really set in until 
after Thanksgiving, and sometimes not until near Christ- 
mas, and it is over about April. 

The expression **wet season" does not mean several 
months of continuous rain, but the showers alternate with 
sunshine, and all the while the grass grows, trees bud and 
put forth their leaves, and evidences of spring are seen on 
every hand. In fact, the days when it is not agreeable to 
be out of doors are few, and no day is so stormy but that 
one may walk or drive about in passable comfort. The rain- 
fall of this period resembles that of the month of May in the 
East. Nor is the winter a season of cloudy weather, for 
most of the days are sunshining ones. Of course, there will 
be a day of rain or, perhaps, several days of inclement 
weather, but the long, cold and tedious storms that make 
winter dreary, are unknown here. The rains are inter- 
mittent, and a few days of showers are followed by clear 
skies and by many days of glorious sunshine. 

According to the U, S. ofl&cial report in 1901, this valley 
had 285 clear days out of 365, and for the same year the U. 
S. Weather Bureau report showed that here the maximum 
temperature in July was 94 degrees, but the maximum night 

48 Ten Years in Psiraduie. 

temperature was only 66 degrees. The minimum tempera- 
ture in February was 25 degrees, on the night of a day when 
the thermometer rose to 53 degrees, the mean temperature 
being 60 degrees. 

Nearly all the days not clear are warm enough to be com- 
fortable. Continued heat or cold does not exist, for the 
contotu: of the mountains temper, but do not divert the sea 
breeze, and the influence of the ocean is of such a nature as 
to produce an equable climate throughout the year. 

A southerly wind caused by low pressure farther north, 
brings the rain, but when the wind changes to a westerly 
one the rain ceases, the atmosphere becomes clear as on a 
summer day, the sky blue, and the sun radiant. The rain- 
fall averages fifteen inches in the valley and thirty inches in 
the foothills, and is such as to insure good crops. There 
are no sudden or decided changes of season here — one fol- 
lows the other so gradually that they blend together. 
Spring comes on, and day by day there is a perceptible wak- 
ing of life and color; the trees budi and soon the air is laden 
with the sweet perfume of fruit blossoms wafted hither and 
thither by the balmy zephyrs that blow from mountain and 

As far as the eye can reach there is an unbroken ex- 
panse of orchard and vineyard framed by the gently rising 
mountains. The blossom season is a long one, the almonds 
being the first to show their bloom, usually in the latter 
part of January. In a few weeks these are followed by the 
apricot, the cherry, the peach, the pear, the prune, and still 
later by the apple and quince. 

Presumptuous, indeed, would be the pen that should at- 
tempt to convey an adequate impression of the beauty pre- 
sented by six millions of fruit trees in blossom. Four 
millions of these are prune trees, and their billows and bil- 
lows of white flowers spread over the valley like a mantle 
of snow. The blossoms of the other trees, especially the 
deep pink of the peach, mingle to give a touch of delicate 
color and relieve the pearly whiteness of the scene. These 
blooming orchards spread out in every direction for miles, 






Scenery and Climate. 49 

until they blend with the blue of the horizon. Nowhere 
else in the universe can such a sight be witnessed as in this 
mountain-girt valley during blossom time. 

After the bloom has gone, the trees are covered with 
bright green foliage, the birds sing and build their nests, 
and while the fruit grows and matures, the gardens become 
the scenes of floral beauty. Huge rose bushes cover houses 
and fences, and climb far up among the limbs of large trees, 
covering them with a wealth of magnificent roses, while 
millions of California poppies, with their rich color, tint 
the ground with golden hue. 

Hedge rows of callas are in bloom and lilacs scatter 
their fragrance on the air. Thus spring time's blossom 
season glides into an ideal summer, when art and nature 
join to make the landscape lovely, charming color effects 
being produced by hydrangeas, azalias, peonies, and hun- 
dreds of other flowers growing in the utmost profusion. 
This season never brings sunstroke nor thunder storms, nor 
lightning. It is so warm that one is tempted to live out of 
doors, and so cold that woolen garments are not uncomfort- 
able. No matter how warm the days may be, the nights 
are cool and exceedingly refreshing. One need have no 
fear that mosquitos will disturb his slumbers, as there are 
no troublesome insects here. Men may work in the open 
fields, and lovers of out-door sports may indulge in them 
without discomfort, for the dryness of the air makes the 
heat seem less, and there is always a pleasant breeze. The 
summer winds entering from the ocean at the Golden Gate, 
spread in gentle zephyrs through the valley, and having 
dropped the fog on the way, give to the atmosphere a dry, 
bracing quality. 

The Wild Flowers. 

|NE day a small group of ladies and gentlemen 
had gathered in a cosy comer on the veranda of 
the Hotel Vendome as we came up the stairs 
just in time to hear the following: 
"You do not seem to be an invalid as the most of us are. 
Have you relatives here or is it simply the attraction of the 
climate that brought you to the Garden City?** said a frail 
looking lady to the one seated next to her, a bright, viva- 
cious little woman, who at once looked up with a sunny 
smile and replied in a pleasant voice: '*Oh, no, thank 
heaven and my sturdy ancestors, I am anything but an in- 
valid; the magnet that drew me hither is the wonderful 
profusion of flowers, of which I am the most enthusiastic ad- 
mirer. Do you feel an interest in them?*' **Oh,** lan- 
guidly replied Mrs. Prosy, **I love to have flowers in my 
rooms, of course, but I can*t say I am an enthusiast on the 
subject. You mean the magnificent flowers one sees in the 
gardens here, I suppose.** **Not a bit of it; I mean the ex- 
quisite darlings of the hill and canyons, which it is my 
pleasure to gather." 

"But that means long tramps to which I am not equal,*' 
said the first speaker. **Yes, decidedly long tramps," said 
Miss Rose, the botanist, "but they are my daily recreation. 
I began tramping before I was out of short dresses. My 
brother was professor of botany in Harvard, and he early 
inoculated me with the spirit. Together we have climbed 
many an Alp, penetrated the dark valleys of Norway, and 

52 Ten Years in Psnradise. 

even gathered the Lotus of the Nile; yet, I assure you, dear 
Mrs. Prosy, in no other country have I found such a wealth 
of floral treasures as one can find in this magnificent valley/' 
''Why, you surprise me! I had fiEuicied there could be 
no fields like those of England in the season of hawthome 
and cowslip. Do tell me of some of your plants." Little 
Miss Rose needed no urging, but saying, "Excuse me a mo- 
ment and I will bring you some of my specimens, which will 
give you a key to my enthusiasm," she retired to return 
with a large book of pressed flowers. Drawing a little table 
close to them, she opened her book at the first page, saying 
pleasantly: ''Now, as soon as you begin to be bored, just say 
so and I will cease from troubling. I know how dreadfully 
disagreeable a person with a hobby can be, and it is one 
long endeavor with me not to ride too hard over people." 
"Have no misgiving; my hobby is to be entertained and I 
am confident that you will succeed, so introduce me, please." 
"Well, the wonder of it all is, that flowers in this region 
are like death, 'having all seasons' for their own. I have 
spent portions of the last four years right here in order to 
become thoroughly informed, and I have never failed to be 
rewarded by finding some flower, no matter what month it 
might be. We came here first in January. You might eas- 
ily imagine what that means to me just from New England. 
On the way out we were caught in a snow blockade but fi- 
nally reached this paradise. Oh! the joy of it, to sit on this 
veranda and be bathed in sunshine, to look out on these 
noble trees, and to drive around this pretty town and see 
roses and violets in richest bloom. As soon as we were 
rested, we went to Alum Rock. I think it was on the fif- 
teenth, and here are the fruits of that trip." And she 
proudly pointed to a page on which were grouped bird- foot 
fern, beautiful gold-backed ferns, tender fronds of the Adi- 
antum, and a perfect red trillium, and a dandelion. "Do 
admire my dandelion," said Miss Rose; "it reminds me of my 
childhood. I just love dandelions." "But I should hardly 
think they were flowers to grow enthusiastic over," said Mrs. 
Prosy, "any more than one could be excited over a thistle." 







The Wild Flowers. 53 

"Ah I there, madame, you are mistaken. I never look at 
a dandelion without thinking all manner of beautiful things. 
Why the common little chick-weed, of which here is a speci- 
men, is beautiful to me. I 

"This is my February page. You see I have made a 
calendar and added my favorite quotations from the poets. 
Here are lovely malvas, with their delicate pink petals stip- 
pled with white, claytonias as delicate as the 'Spring Beauty' 
of Virginia woods; yellow oxalis and the delicate white 
spiraea. March brought me a festival of flowers. We went 
to Mt. Hamilton, tramping most of the way. You know 
there is a lovely halting place at Smith's Creek. The road 
sides were bordered with flowers in every tone of yellow, 
from the faint creamy tint of the platystigma, and the yel- 
lower blossoms of the Maryland star, to the orange tone of 
the mimulus. In little hollows I found the coUinsia, and 
the wonderful dodecatheon. If you found it at the florist's 
you would think it a marvel; but oh! the baby-blue* eyes I Did 
you ever hear so sweet a name? Nemophila, the botanist 
calls it, but there is a tender sound to baby-blue-eyes that is 
most fetching. 

"April gave me these beauties," and she exhibited a 
spray of the lovely wild currant, whose leaves still gave out 
a fragrant odor, and the golden currant hung its drooping 
racemes among the beautiful green foliage. ' 'Solomon' s seal 
grows everywhere; but this dainty vine is peculiar to Cali- 
fornia," and she pointed to a graceful spray of the yerba 
buena — "good herb, you know the early Spaniards called it, 
because it was a medicine for them, as were also the yerba 
manza and the yerba santa. 

"What a dear, old mother Nature is, giving us so many 
plants to heal our infirmities. But oh! before I stop I must 
tell you of the yellow violet that fairly carpeted the fields 
near Alma. We went picnicing there in the early spring, 
and our host, a noble specimen of Alabama's sons, took us 
to a field he had saved from the plow until we should have 
visited it. You never saw a Turkish carpet so rich in color. 
In a radius of a few feet I actually gathered thirty varieties 

54 Ten Years in Pkradise. 

of flowers — tellimas, lupines, forget-me-nots, violets, nemo- 
philas, calandrinias, bur-clover, gilias, cardamine, capsellas, 
the exquisite lace-pod, filaria, godetia, heliotrope, amsinc- 
kias, and really I cannot remember the rest, but it was a 
revelation, I assure you." 

*'No wonder you come often to such a place, but I should 
think you would write a book about this," said Mrs. Prosy. 
**Oh, I am leaving that to my brother, — he has one almost 
ready for the press, and he says the flora of this valley would 
make a book in itself. I am helping him illustrate it, for I 
dabble a little in water colors." 

**How charming! You must show me your sketches 
some day, for we have decided to remain here for months. 
We find no place more enjoyable and intend to take in all 
that it oflers before going south," said Mrs. Prosy. Just 
then a bell boy approached and handed cards to the ladies, 
which summoned them to the parlor, and the impromptu 
botanical lecture came to an end, but not before our eyes had 
been opened to the feast which this valley could ofler, and 
we took occasion to call on Miss Rose later and ask her to 
teach us the flora of each month. **Why," said she, **what 
have you been doing all this time? You have the learned 
Professor Rattan, an authority on botany. Professor Charles 
Allen, a man wise in the smallest, the most insignificant 
plants, and on my first visit here, I met Miss Mary Norton, 
who seemed to me to be like the wise man who knew every 
plant from the cedar of Lebanon to the the hyssop on the 
wall. I assure you, the inhabitants of this paradise are a 
people greatly to be envied." 

Having had our attention so forcibly called to the sub- 
ject of wild flowers, we soon discovered that in no other 
locality is Nature so lavish of her floral gifts as in this valley, 
where the procession of wild flowers is continuous. Despite 
the fact that there are days when the air is chilly, the 
searcher for flowers can always be sure of a reward for his 
labor, for, hiding in the chaparral or nestling under the 
shelter of great brakes, one can find the delicate blossoms of 
the wild radish and the wall-flower, while every hillside has 

The Wild Flowers. 55 

its patch of the yellow blossoms of the mustard. The va- 
grant winds that wander over the fields are laden with the 
sweet perfume of this flower, which also lends itself to pur- 
poses of decoration in the most charming manner. In the 
early spring the lily family asserts its claim to pre-eminence, 
for then the glossy leaves of the iris pierce the mold and the 
tall shafts of the subertia hold up their promise of purple 
beauty. A little later buttercups fairly carpet the hillsides, 
making a beautiful contrast to the verdure of the grass and 
a perfect harmony with the blue shadows that rest near 
them. To one unaccustomed to the wealth of California 
bloom, a Santa Clara hillside looks as if the product of a 
Persian loom had been laid upon the ground. Cream cups 
nod on their tender stems while mats of white forget-me-nots 
weave themselves in every canyon. Under the trees, the 
trillium rewards a walk. If one has taken the precaution 
to carry a strong trowel, the plant can be lifted from its bed 
and carried home to bloom from a jardinier, its rich velvet 
petals crowning the polished foliage. Liver colored, rose 
pink and snowy white trilliums can all be found within this 
county's boundaries. 

In the forests, near the noble redwoods, which are the 
people's pride, stand the beautiful madrones, their smooth 
red trunks crowned with the glossiest dark green leaves, 
amid which are clusters of snowy bells as fine and airy as 
those of the famed lily of the valley. The manzanita has 
its treasures of perfect bells, inviting the wandering bees to 
a royal feast, while the tall bushes of California lilac are gar- 
mented in long racemes of exquisite blue flowers that seem 
so light that one would expect the softest breath of a zephyr 
to scatter them, but they are firmly seated and the plant is 
a "thing of beanty and a joy forever." A little farther down 
the procession of the months, the tritillaria displays its 
purple-brown bells, while the malvas are giving their haunts 
tones of pink and magenta, and the clarkia and the eucha- 
ridium, not content with simple beauty of form and color in 
their blossoms, hold up to our view the crimson of stem as 
polished as a marble column in a Greek temple. The el- 

56 Ten Years in Psnradise. 

der, a despised shrub in the Bast, becomes a tree in this 
£avored climate, its snowy cymes making a striking appear- 
ance in the landscape. In all the woods the wild pea runs 
riot over the low bashes, making gracefol wreaths and fes- 
toons of pendulous pink racemes, while near by the cucum- 
ber vine flaunts its ivy-shaped foliage. 

Then comes a day when the glory of the golden poppy 
eclipses that of every other bloom. Its orange-tinted cup 
turns boldly to the sun and catches the fervid ra3rs in its 
meshes gleaming with a sheen like the richest Lyon's vel- 
vet. The dullest soul, the least impressionable, awakens to 
the splendor of this flower, and in the long windows of the 
richest home, as well as in the humblest cottage of the poor, 
stand vases filled with the glorious blossom, now the chosen 
emblem of the State. Acres upon acres spread before the eye 
yielding, of late years, in extent as cultivation encroaches 
upon the haunts of nature. No other valley can equal 
Santa Clara in the luxuriousness of this plant. 

When the wild currant has shed its bloom, we are com- 
pensated for its loss by the masses of calandrinias and baerias, 
which defy the poorest soil to rob them of their charms. 
When the cloudless skies hold no promise of moisture, and 
the slopes of the hills are brown and sere, the painted cup 
waves its scarlet banners by the roadsides, and the mimulus 
covers its glutinous stem with flowers of various hues. Men- 
thas blossom on the slopes of the hills, distilling healing 
odors, and on the sides of Mt. Hamilton great clumps of 
royal purple pentstemon reach their richest bloom, while 
often one finds the Mariposa lily flourishing in pink or yel- 
low or lavender hues. At Alum Rock the coUinsia grows 
to perfection, and the zauschneria rivals the garden fuchsia. 
In the sandy beds of the dry creeks the mentzelia equals the 
most splendid cactus which is treasured by the florist in his 

When the fruits in the orchards have perfected their 
flavors, one will find the feathery seeds of the Virgin's 
bower bedecking the wayside hedges, and the clusters of 
berries on the toyon growing red for the Thanksgiving festi- 


The Wild Flowers. 57 

val, and in quiet nooks there will stand great clumps of the 
golden-rod making a glory of its own. Beautiful crimson 
thistles invite one to gather them, for in no other state does 
•this thistle wear this color and become a treasure instead of 
a pest. The subject of wild flowers is almost inexhaustible — 
full of charm for the layman and the botanist, the poet and 
the artist, the child and the adult, the citizen and stranger. 
Among all the causes for gratitude that our lives have been 
cast in such pleasant places, there is none more potent to 
awaken that emotion than the abundance and beauty of the 
wild flowers, and every day we thank the amiable and en- 
thtisiastic little botanist who showed us the wealth of bloom 
at our very doors. 


The County Scat. 

|HE history of this city holds a perennial charm, 
and from every available source we have gath- 
ered bits that make the mosaic and learned that 
San Jose, the Garden City, as its inhabitants 
love to call it, was first known as Pueblo de San Jose de 
Guadalupe, and is one of the State's oldest settlements. 

Mission Santa Clara was founded in 1777, and the secu- 
lar settlement, the San Jose of to-day, later in the same year. 
Santa Clara was one of the largest and most prosperous of 
the Missions, and San Jose, reflecting its importance, soon 
became a place of note on the Coast, and has always main- 
tained this prominence. 

In the early days it was the favorite rendezvous for for- 
eigners whose ships anchored at San Francisco; while most 
of the Americans who came to these shores prior to the dis- 
covery of gold, settled in or near this city, consequently, by 
the time of the gold excitement, it was one of the largest 
towns in the whole territory. 

When the constitutional convention met at Monterey in 
1849, San Jose was designated as the State Capital. This 
was afterwards changed in favor of Sacramento, without, 
however, impairing the prosperity of San Jose, which has 
grown steadily, until it is the fourth largest city in the State, 
one of the most attractive places on the Coast, and one of the 
extensive shipping points in California. 

It is the county seat, and covers an area of about fifteen 
square miles, while its inhabitants number about thirty thou- 

60 Ten Years in Paradise. 

sand. It lies on a direct line of the Southern Pacific from San 
Francisco to Los Angeles; overland trains pass through daily; 
and it is the terminal point of local and trans-continental 
freight. The amount of travel can be estimated by the fact 
that forty-eight trains leave and arrive at the railway station 
daily. Tourists are always favorably impressed with its 
evidences of material progress, its solid buildings, good 
pavements, clean streets, perfect sewerage, abundant sup- 
ply of fresh pure water from the hills, elegant homes, and 
ornamental grounds. 

The city can boast of a State Normal School, located in a 
cultivated park of twenty-seven acres; a large City Hall, 
built of red brick and carved stone, surrounded by a plaza, 
where roses, shrubs and trees of different variety grow in 
profusion; of a Post-office building of sandstone, taken from 
the quarries in this vicinity, and costing seventy-five thou- 
sand dollars; a large and handsome Court House in Corin- 
thian style of architecture; a Hall of Records constructed 
entirely of marble and granite; a Carnegie Library, just 
erected; fine police and fire departments; and, in fact, all 
the appointments of a modern city. It has an excellent 
system of gas and electric lighting, one unique feature of 
the street lighting being a tall iron electric tower at the in- 
tersection of Market and Santa Clara streets. This reaches 
into the air two hundred feet, and from its top powerful arc 
lights shed a soft radiance over the city, and can be seen 
from the surrounding foothills. 

The merchants of this city are enterprising, up-to-date 
businest men, fully alive to all the requirements of modem 
modes of transacting business. Their stores are filled with 
desirable goods, and the latest eastern styles are offered to 
their customers. 

San Jose is not only a desirable residence city, but it is 
also one of affairs, for here is transacted much of the busi- 
ness connected with the immense fruit crop of the valley, 
and here are located box factories, canneries, breweries, tan- 
neries, woolen mills, foundries, and many other industries. 
With perfect shipping facilities by rail, or by water by the 

The County Scat. 61 

way of Alviso, nine miles distant; with cheap factory sites, 
crude oil for fuel, and freedom from labor troubles, this city 
possesses all the elements necessary for economical and 
profitable manufacturing, and offers an excellent location 
for factories. 

This city is also the distributing center of the large seed 
farm conducted by a corporation of which Charles Navlet is 
president and C. P. Braslan is vice-president. The board 
of directors include, beside the president and vice-president, 
M, M. Staflford, E. G. Levy, and W. J, Boschken. 

The educational advantages act as a powerful magnet, 
and attract the rich and cultured, for here are located the 
State Normal School, a well appointed High School, unsur- 
passed grammar and primary schools, and finely equipped 
business colleges. Besides these there is the College of Notre 
Dame, occupying an enclosure often acres. So high a stand- 
ing has this school attained during its career of nearly sixty 
years, that it is now accredited to the California and Leland 
Stanford Jr. Universities, and many of the bright, cultured, 
and accomplished women of this State, and even from dis- 
tant states and across the sea, proudly claim it as their Alma 
Mater. The University of the Pacific, just outside the city 
limits, under the charge of the Methodist denomination, and 
having at its head the scholarly and broad-minded Dr. Kli 
McClish, holds a high rank among the educational insti- 
tutions of this state, and indeed of this Coast. St. Joseph's 
and St. Mary's parochial schools are solid brick buildings, 
with devoted and capable instructors; and the Washburn 
school, conducted by Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Washburn, is a 
commodious structure, where pupils are prepared to enter 
college, and it is on the accredited lists of California's 
great universities, besides on those of Vassar and Smith's 

A charming religious atmosphere exists here, and so co- 
piously are all the denominations represented by costly and 
prosperous churches, that each traveler can worship at the 
altars of his fathers, and hear the faith of his childhood 
taught by zealous and talented clergymen, all laboring to 

62 Ten Years in Paradise. 

serve the divine Master according to his belief, in peace and 
charity to all. 

The streets, which are broad and laid out at right angles, 
are well kept and many of them bordered by palms and 
shaded by pepper, umbrella, poplar, magnolia, and maple 
trees. In the very center of the city is St. James* Park, a 
pretty inviting spot. It faces the Court House, the Hall of 
Records, and the spacious and up-to-date Hotel St. James. 
It is one thousand feet long by about six hundred feet wide, 
and is kept in perfect condition. Many comfortable benches 
along the winding walks and under the shelter of the swing- 
ing branches of pepper and eucalyptus trees invite the 
passerby to rest and feast his eyes on the satisfying land- 
scape, or on the sparkling sprays of water continually shoot- 
ing up from a handsome fountain and dripping in the stone 
basin at its feet. In this park is a fine monument costing 
thirteen thousand, five hundred dollars, erected by the 
people of this county to the memory of the nation's mar- 
tyred president, William McKinley, A bronze figure of 
colossal proportions stands upon a pedestal of granite, and 
represents the President as standing, hat in hand, his over- 
coat open, his right arm and hand raised, as when in the at- 
titude of quietly speaking to an audience. His head is 
slightly bent forward, the eyes downcast, a serious expres- 
sion upon his countenance, such as was natural and habitual 
with him — such an expression as the people of San Jose 
saw when he addressed them during his visit here. 

The monument stands on the spot where the President 
stood on the occasion of his visit to San Jose, May thir- 
teenth, 1901. At that time a mammoth bouquet was pre- 
sented to him by Mrs. E. O. Smith on behalf of the ladies of 
the county. This mound of flowers was thirty feet in height 
and contained two tons of Santa Clara County's most beau- 
tiful and most fragrant blossoms. The unveiling and dedi- 
cation of the monument Ion February 21, 1903, was one of 
the greatest celebrations, not only in point of numbers, but 
also in regard to its deep enthusiasm, that has taken place 
here in many years. On this occasion a temporary plat- 

The County Seat. 63 

form, handsomely draped, had been erected, and on it were 
seated the chairman, £. A. Hayes, Rev. R. £. Kenna, 
President of Santa Clara College, Rev. Eli McClish, Presi- 
dent of the University of the Pacific; Rev, Dr. W. C. Evans, 
Rev. H. Melville Tenney, Judge J. R. Lewis, Rev, R. A. 
Gleason, H. D. Mathews, James Lowe, Joseph A. Belloli, 
W. L. Woodrow, Mrs. W. C. Evans, Miss Hatch, Mrs. W. 
L. Woodrow, Miss Grace Woodrow, Mrs. J. R. Lewis, Mrs. 
R. S. Holway, and the University of the Pacific quartette, 
consisting of Henry Tregoning, P. R Wright, F. A, Tower, 
and R. W. Tower. The opening prayer by Rev. W. C. 
Evans being ended, the chairman called upon Miss Grace 
Woodrow, the charming daughter of Mr. and Mrs. W. L. 
Woodrow, to untie the white satin ribbons that held in place 
the folds of an American flag that concealed the statue from 
view. This she did gracefiilly, and as the Stars and Stripes 
rose to float during the rest of the exercises over the bronze 
figure representing the thoughtful, forceful form and feat- 
ures of William McKinley, the band played **The Star 
Spangled Banner," and the vast assemblage of people 
joined in singing to the band's accompaniment, the verses 
of that grand patriotic song. Rev. R. E. Kenna, S. J., was 
then introduced and made an eloquent speech on "The Sig- 
nificance of the Monument.*' After another selection by 
the quartette, **Lead, Kindly Light," of which hymn the 
martyred President was especially fond. Rev. Eli McClish 
spoke of * *McKinley, the Man. ' * The singing of * 'America' ' 
by the quartette and audience, the benediction by Rev. H. 
Melville Tenney, and a selection by the Santa Clara Col- 
lege band terminated the impressive exercises. 

It has been the proud privilege of San Joseans at difier- 
ent times to welcome within the gates of their city the Chief 
Executives of the nation, among them being Hayes, Grant, 
Harrison, McKinley, and Roosevelt. The last named Presi- 
dent visited this valley on May 12, 1903. It was an 
ideal spring day; the weather warm and clear; the flowers, 
the fields, and the orchards looked their loveliest. Multi- 
tudes gathered to see and greet their Chief, who made sev- 

64 Ten Years in Paradise. 

eral stops within the boundaries of the county, and at each 
place received a generous California welcome. The first 
was at Gilroy, where he made a short address, and the next 
was at San Jose. After addressing the thousands of men, 
women, and children assembled around the platform which 
had been erected for the occasion, and fittingly decorated 
with bunting, palms and flowers, he went for a drive, ac- 
companied by a mounted escort of citizens, who included 
Clem R. Arques, Ralph W. Hersey, Sheriflf R. J. Langford, 
J. D. Radford, M. E. Dailey, Leo Archer, Colonel A. K. 
Whitton, Thomas McGeoghegan, R. R. Syer, Arthur Lang- 
ford, J. W. Gilkyson, W. S. Clayton, Joseph H. Rucker, 
William A. Bowden, C. H. Geldert, Henry Lion, and C. T. 
Crothers. Besides these there was a large number of car- 
riages containing the members of the President's party, the 
reception committee, and the newspaper representatives. 
The route was along the beautiful and well kept roads, and 
many were the pleasing incidents that occurred to heighten 
the pleasure of the distinguished guest. On Santa Clara 
street the ruler of the United States halted to greet the pu- 
pils of Notre Dame College, who were stationed on the side- 
walk, and to accept a bunch of magnificent rosebuds 
presented on behalf of the school by one of San Jose's 
prettiest girls, Miss Bertrand Cauhape, daughter of Mr. and 
Mrs. Victor Cauhape. After passing along the famed Ala- 
meda, he was warmly greeted in Santa Clara by Rev. 
Robert E. Kenna, President of Santa Clara College, who, 
with the faculty and students of this historic seat of learn- 
ing, had gathered in front of the grand old mission cross, 
while hundreds of school children were congregated near by, 
with thousands of men and women eager and ready to give 
a cordial greeting to the first gentleman of the land. At 
the close of Father Kenna' s words of welcome, D. O. 
Druffel, President of the Board of Trustees of Santa Clara, 
told briefly of the pleasure it afforded them all to be able to 
bid him ten thousand welcomes to this land of sunshine, 
fruit, and flowers. As the carriages passed along on their 
way, another halt was called to enable the President to re- 







The County Scat. 65 

ceive a bouquet of fragrant blossoms presented by Master 
Marshall Bond on behalf of the public school children of 
Santa Clara. The drive extended to the picturesque town 
of Campbell, where the Chief Executive took part in a tree 
planting ceremony. A most pathetic little scene occurred 
as the carriages were passing along North Third street. 
The President caught sight of a little girl who evidently 
wished to give him a huge basket of flowers which she held. 
He quickly called a halt, and as little Miss Bonny Arm- 
strong gave into his hands her tribute of blossoms, his eyes 
grew moist as he saw suspended from a chain around the 
child's neck a medal, which, some months before, he had sent 
her as a token of esteem for her father's chivalrous service 
in Cuba, when he was one of Colonel Roosevelt's Rough 
Riders, and where he died shortly after the Spanish War. 

During the drive the President expressed himself as de- 
lighted with his visit, and said to Mayor George D. Wors- 
wick: **1 desire to say that I feel grateful to the people ot 
San Jose for the kind consideration they have shown me in 
making up their programme. The arrangements, it seems to 
me, were as nearly perfect as human arrangements could 
be. Indeed, I can go farther and say that nowhere on the 
journey across the continent have I been more delighted 
with the reception tendered or more impressed with the 
thoughtfulness of those having the ceremonies in hand. Of 
your beautiful valley, of course, I have only words of praise. 
What an inspiration to one to pass along these fruit-laden 
orchards, with so many modem residences lining the road 
on either side, and here and there, at convenient distances 
from the snug homes, these splendid school houses that one 
so seldom sees in country places! I shall surely remember 
your people and your picturesque valley." 

The committee that so successfully planned and carried 
out the programme which made the sojourn of the Presi- 
dent so pleasant included: Judge A. L. Rhodes, A. Green- 
inger. Major C. P. Braslan, James lyowe, J. S. Gage, C. W. 
Coe, J. W. Davy, H. Morton, J. E. Richards, A. H. Marten, 
Dr. Wm. Simpson, I. Loeb, H. Center, George W. Ryder, 

66 Tea Yean in PlnacfiK. 

IL P. Keeslins;, S. Sampson^ W. L. Woodiow, C. J. Cor- 
nell, T. A. Carron, Gus Lkm, John CyKeefie, L. E. Bontz, 
J. a Hall, W. S. Richards, H. J. Bdwards, G. P^rano, S. 
N. Rucker, Rev. H. C. Meredith, T. S. Moo^omery, John 
Corrotto, Frank Stock, J. A. Chase, Father Gleason, A. P. 
Lepesh, W. B- Graham, Paul Maascm, George B. McKee, 
D, J. Gairaud, J. R. Welch, T. J. Stone, J. A. Belloli, Sr , 
Dr, A, M. Barker, Colonel Philo Hersey, T. J. Riley, H. 
Doerr, Jackson Hatch, W. C. Andrews, Sam Boring, A. S. 
Bacon, W. H. Jenkines, W. G. Alexander, E. J. Bennett, 
S« B. Hunkins, J. £. Brooke, George Kefiel, A. B. Shu- 
mate, Edgar Pomeroy, W. P. Lyon, A. C. Hubbard, J. H. 
Henry, Avery Porter, Dr. H. J. B. Wright, J. H. Campbell, 
H. Peckham, Patrick Murray, J. J. Cherrie, George N. 
Herbert, Charles Kenyon, T. C. Bamett, T. W. Hobson, 
F. W. Moore, and J. R. Patton. 

The next day the presidential party was given a right 
royal greeting by President David Starr Jordan at the Ice- 
land Stanford Jr. University, and by the students and resi- 
dents of Palo Alto and Mayfield. 


Popular Societies. 

|HE Society of California Pioneers in this county 
is a large and prosperous one and includes men 
and women who, by their cheerful spirit and 
firmness of character, command the general re- 
spect and esteem of their fellow citizens. 

This society was organized in 1875 with Cary Peebles as 
President, pro tem., and A. P. Murgotten as Secretary. 
The object of the organization, as set forth by the presi- 
dent, was for social intercourse and to hold an annual re- 
union of the pioneer residents of the county who had arrived 
in the state during 1853 or earlier. At this meeting Colonel 
Coleman Younger, Judge A. L. Rhodes, John Trimble, 
Judge Davis Divine, and John M. Murphy were appointed 
a committee on permanent organization, and to draft the 
constitution and by-laws for the government of the new so- 
ciety. The first reunion and picnic was held on June 22, 
1875, at O'Donneirs Garden. The first officers were Judge 
A. L. Rhodes, President; John M. Murphy and P. O. Minor, 
Vice-Presidents; A. P. Murgotten, Secretary; John H. 
Moore, Treasurer; Colonel Younger, Davis Divine, John 
Trimble, Adolph Pfister, Cary Peebles, and B. D. Murphy, 
Directors. The officers of the organization now are C. R. 
Woodhams, President; E. G. Hines and Mrs. E. W. Simons, 
Vice-Presidents; W. D. J. Hambly, Secretary; and L. A. 
Spitzer, Treasurer. 

The generation of pioneers is fast passing away, but 
their sons and daughters have been drinking deeply of their 

68 Ten Years in Plnadise. 

spirit and are not lacking in their father's energy and per- 
severance. These have organized under the name of Sons 
and Daughters of California Pioneers, and the membership 
roll includes Mrs. Caroline Benson, Miss Blanche Blanch- 
ard. Miss Lizzie Bergler, Miss Juliette A. Bums, Miss Nel- 
lie P. Bowen, Mrs. Prank J. Brandon, Miss Pannie Cod- 
dington, Mrs. £. J. Columbet, Mrs. Elizabeth Cooper, Miss 
Lida C. Clark, Miss Ida Devendorf, Mrs. Mamie Dotid, 
Miss Joey Denton, Miss Edith Eddy, Miss Josephine E. 
Eddy, Miss Virginia Eddy, Miss Nellie Evans, Miss Eliza- 
beth Evans, Miss Cornelia M. Parley, Mrs. James Gaily, 
Mrs. Annie Gilman, Mrs, A, G. Gruwell, Mrs. Hatde 
Gregg, Mrs. L. E. Hines, Mrs. Jettora W. Hyde, Mrs. An- 
drew P. Hill, Miss Laura Hildreth, Miss Hall, Mrs, M. H, 
Hyland, Mrs. Helen P. Haynes, Mrs. Mary E. Hall, Miss 
Alice Humphrey, Miss Stella Hemdon, Miss Mildred Han* 
son, Miss Plorence Inskep, Mrs. W. A. January, Mrs. O. 
M. Keesling, Mrs. Edwin A. Kennedy, Miss Abbey Lewis, 
Miss Elizabeth Lewis, Mrs. L. Leibe, Mrs. Louis Loupe, 
Mrs. A. P..Murgotten, Mrs. Lucy J. Morgan, Mrs. Mary 
P. McVay, Miss Carrie L. Peckham, Miss Lois A, Peck- 
ham, Mrs. Homer Prindle, Miss Eva Prindle, Mrs. Mary A. 
Pillot, Mrs. C. A. Putney, Miss Ida Rogers, Miss Edith C- 
Richards, Mrs. Thomas Singleton, Mrs. Edwin E. Skinner, 
Mrs. W. E. Trimble, Mrs. W. H. Van Valer, Miss Bertha 
Warren, Mrs. George F. Williams, Miss Jessie Williamson, 
Miss Augusta Younger, John M. Pitzgerald, L. J. Chip- 
man, A. L. Domberger, Charles B. Gleason, W, D. J* 
Hambly, Andrew P. Hill, Wilber P. Henning, Irvine P, 
Henning, M. H. Hyland, Edwin A. Kennedy, James S. 
Lawrence, A. P. Murgotten, Gustave A. Malech, John G. 
McMillan, J. A. Peckham, Homer Prindle, J. R. Rodeck^ 
Edwin W. Skinner, Edwin A. Skinner, and C. S. Sullivan, 
The officers are Charles B. Gleason, President; Mrs. 
Frank J. Brandon, First Vice-President; Mrs. Mary Pillot, 
Second Vice-President; Mrs. G. P. Williams, Third Vice^ 
President; Miss Jessie Williamson, Secretary; Homer Prindle, 

Popular Societies. 69 

Native sons have come to the front in all lines of work; 
while in the sphere of letters, on the stage, in music, and 
in art, fair California women have thrilled thousands in 
their own and foreign lands. A powerful body, whose num- 
ber is legion, have banded together under the name of 
Native Sons, and equally as large a body under the name 
of Native Daughters. Both these orders are founded on 
magnificent principles, and the aims and objects of each are 
to promote social intercourse, and to aid the sick and needy 
in time of affliction by deeds and words of affection, as well 
as by the beneficiary fund, and to thus extend the hand in 
charity without the recipient's feeling the hurt that is so 
often felt when alms are bestowed merely from a sense of 
duty. They aim to perpetuate the memory of the soul- 
stirring deeds of the pioneers, and to keep alive interest in 
early California history. No sectarian or political doctrines 
have a place in the by-laws of these organizations, and the 
members stand ever loyally by the Stars and Stripes. 

Vendome Parlor, No. 100, Native Daughters of the 
Golden West, had its first meeting at Hotel Vendome, and 
elected the charter members into their respective offices. 
On March 12, 1897, the parlor was instituted by the 
Grand Secretary, Mrs. Georgia Ryan, who was assisted by 
District Deputy Grand President, Miss Dora Zmudowski, 
and Grand Organizer, Miss Anna Worth. It had a charter 
list of twenty-seven members. The present officers are: 
Past President, Mrs. Ella Garcia; President, Miss Lottie 
Bragg; First Vice-President, Mrs. Robert De Zaldo; Second 
Vice-President, Miss Julia La Montague; Third Vice-Presi- 
dent, Miss Emma Koenig; Marshal, Miss Prankie Stockton; 
Financial Secretary, Miss Delia McAbee; Recording Secre- 
tary, Miss Eva Prindle; Outside Sentinel, Mrs. Elsie Doerr; 
Inside Sentinel, Miss Eva Riddle; Surgeon, Dr. Caroline 
Avery; Trustees, Miss Tillie Brohaska, Mrs. Mary Thwaits, 
and Mrs. Virginia Gruell. The Parlor has an orchestra 
consisting of: piano. Miss Tillie Brohaska; violin. Miss 
Lizzie Cunan; cornet. Miss Delia McAbee; clarionet. Miss 
Julia La Montague; saxiphone. Miss Laura Cottle; cello, 

70 Ten Years in Rnadise. 

Mrs. Flora Rease; piccola, Miss Laura La Montague. 

Sau Jose Parlor, No. 81, Native Daughters of the Golden 
West, met for the first time on June 29, 1894, with Grand 
President, Miss M. Coulter, presiding. She was assisted 
in initiating the Parlor by District Deputy Grand President 
Miss Alice Coulverwell; Past Grand President, Miss Witten- 
meyer; Grand Vice-President, Miss Mary Bertola; Grand 
Secretary, Mrs. Georgia Ryan. The present officers are: 
Past President, Mrs. Ethel Pyle Ressiguie; President, Mrs. 
Eleanor P. Anderson; First Vice-President, Mrs. H. Munfrey; 
Second Vice-President, Miss Mamie Campbell; Third Vice- 
President, Miss Hazel Carkeet; Marshal, Mrs. Josie Bar- 
boni; Financial Secretary, Miss Nettie Yocco; Recording Sec- 
retary, Miss Belle Pyle; Outside Sentinel, Miss Lottie Wade; 
Inside Sentinel, Mrs. Lorena Lee; Organist, Miss Henrietta 
Poulain; Surgeon, Dr. Elizabeth Gallimore; Trustees, Mrs. 
Alice Trousdale, Mrs. Eleanor Belloli-Hammond, and Mrs. 
Iva Belloli. 

Palo Alto Parlor, No. 82, Native Sons of the Golden 
West, has a membership of over one hundred. It was or- 
ganized on April 5, 1886, by the District Deputy Grand 
President Edward Younger, assisted by members of San 
Jose Parlor No. 22, California Parlor No. 7, and Monterey 
Parlor, No. 75. The officers now are: Past President, H. I, 
Mabury; President, J. J. Tormey; First Vice-President, H. 
W. Hoenes; Second Vice-President, B. Dreischmeyer; Third 
Vice-President, G. P. Bull; Marshal, C. McGinley; Record- 
ing Secretary, H. McComas; Financial Secretary, I. L. 
Koppel; Treasurer, F. M. Stem; Physicians, Dr. G. V. 
Saph apd Dr. George W. Seifert; Trustees, J. A. Peckham, 
R. F. Brown, A. J. Hocking, and T. B. Reardon. 

Observatory Parlor, No. 177, Native Sons of the Golden 
West, is a prosperous organization having for its officers: 
Past President, H. C. Doerr; President, F. H. Benson; 
First Vice-President, J. A. Delmas; Second Vice-President, 
C. H. Bauer; Third Vice-President, W, H. Jung; Record- 
ing Secretary, J. M. Longdon; Financial Secretary, J. E. 
Hancock; Treasurer, W. J. Boschken; Surgeon, Dr. J. N. 

Popular Societies. 71 

San Jose Parlor, No, 22, Native Sons of the Golden 
West, has for its officers: Past President, Martin I. Welch; 
President, T. E. Lahan; First Vice President, M. M. Prola; 
Second Vice-President, M. E. Griffith; Third Vice-Presi- 
dent, S. Semichy; Marshal, G. D. O'Connell; Recording 
Secretary, A. Pedemonte; Financial Secretary, E. T. Coflfe; 
Treasurer, H. R. Tripp; Trustee, J. A. Anthes; Hall 
Trustee, Thomas Monahan; Surgeon, Dr. Lincoln Cothran. 




Prominent Clubs. 

When natives of other states settle under the clear Cali- 
tomia skies to enjoy the salubrious climate, or to gather 
wealth from the productiveness of the soil, they soon seek 
people from their birthplace and form societies for social 
improvement and pleasure. Thus it happened that we 
found a society of former Missourians, an association of 
Buckeyes, a union of Badgers, and a society composed of 
the people from Illinois. The motives of these clubs are to 
keep alive the love and to cherish the memories of the dear 
old homes. 

The Wisconsin Society has for officers: President, W. P. 
Lyon; First Vice-President, W. H. Bias; Second Vice-Presi- 
dent, Mrs. J. J. Sontheimer; Secretary, Mrs. W. S. Orvis; 
Treasurer, Mrs. J. S. Ball; Executive Committee, Mesdames 
J. W. Dinsmore, G. W. Brower, J. O. Hayes, G. B. McKee, 
Volney Rattan, E. H. Hazelton, W. G. Hawley, and Messrs. 
J. R. Bailey, Tyler Beach, and Dr. Whiffen. This organi- 
zation has about two hundred and fifty members. 

On the tenth of March, 1903, the people from Illinois 
formed a society with Rev. Eli McClish, President; L. E. 
Bontz, Vice-President and chairman of the Executive Com- 
mittee; J. H. Russell, Recording Secretary; Mrs. Gertrude 
S. Hurff, Financial Secretary; George A. Sealy, Treasurer; 
J. Frank Leffler, William P. Squire, Mrs. Mary Weaver 
McCauley, Executive Committee. 

An association of Missourians has for its officers: Presi- 
dent, Rev. H. C. Meredith; First Vice-President, Professor 

74 Ten Yeans in 

W. H. Baker; Second Vke-Presidait, Mrs. W. R. McQoaid; 
TUid Vioe-Prcsident, Mrs. Augusta Yotmger; Financial 
Secietary, Mrs. Walter Murray; Recording Seaetarr. Miss 
HansL Ringo; Treasurer, H. M. Parker. The dub has about 
one hundred and seventy-five members. 

The Highway Im]novement Club is a large and pro- 
gremve organization* The object of the dub, as the name 
indicates, is to beautify the roads of the county. W. P. 
Lyon is President, and the members of the Executive Board 
indude: Mrs. W. C. Kennedy, representing the San Jose 
Woman's Qub; Edward W. Clayton, Elks; Volney Rattan, 
Grange; Harry Edwards, Eagles; Frank H. Babb, Farmers' 
Club. J. P. Jarman, A. O. U. W., Mt, Hamilton Lodge; 
George B. Bull, Palo Alto Parlor, No. S2, N. S. G. W.; 
James D. Phelan, Sainte Claire Club; A. P. Badgalupi, 
Butcher's Association; J. L. Stull, Merchants' Association; 
Mrs. Alice Winans, John A. Dix Corps; G. M. Bowman, 
Chamber of Commerce; Mrs. W. Lipsett, Daughters of Vet- 
erans; E. E. Chase, Musicians' Union; Mrs. H. Munfrey, 
Native Daughters, San Jose Parlor; G. L. Tarleton, Alum 
Rock Camp, Berryessa, Woodmen of the World; William 
Hammond, Alamo Camp, San Jose, Woodmen of the World; 
H. J. Ayres, Charter Oak Camp, Santa Clara, Woodmen of 
the World; W. L- H. Gddert; Woodmen of Santa Clara 
County; Mrs. B. Garrison, Women of Woodcraft, Enisvale 
Circle; Ed. Schlaudt, Enterprise Lodge, A. O. U. W.; Mrs. 
P. Staton Marshall, Phil Sheridan Corps; Judge M. H. Hy- 
land, Bar Association; Martin Kane, Saratoga Improve- 
ment Club; Dr. A. E. Osborne, Santa Clara Commercial 
League; Mrs. C. W. Childs, Valley View Willing Workers; 
Mrs. J. K. Boyd, Uand I Sodety of West Willows; William 
Whiting, I. O. O. F., Padfic Lodge; Joseph H. Rucker, 
Real Estate Agents* Assodation; Mayor George D. Wors- 
wick, National Union; J. C. Whitman, Board of Trade, 
Campbell; Colonel A. K. Whitton, Oak Hill Cemetery Asso- 
dation; Rev. H. M. Tenney, Pastors' Union; A. E. Shumate, 
Board of Education; Professor C. W. Childs, Observatory 
Lodge, L O. O. F.; Dr. David Starr Jordan, Stanford Uni- 

Prominent Clubs. 75 

versity; Rev. Father Kenna, Santa Clara College; Rev. Eli 
McClish, University of the Pacific; Professor M. E. Dailey, 
State Normal School, D. T. Bateman, County Board of Edu- 
cation; J. D. Grant, E. A. Hayes, D. M. Delmas, E. S. 
Williams, Hugh Center, James A. Sargent, John Roll, Ed- 
ward M. Ehrhom, Paul Shoup, Walter A. Clark, W. G. 
Hawley, E. E. Goodrich, F. M. Farwell, John P. Burke, 
Ralph Hersey, Dr. J. W. Davy, J. D. Radford, and T. C. 
Bamett. The first work of the club in planting trees was 
done on Arbor Day, March 10, 1903, when ash, eucalyp- 
tus, palm, and evergreen trees were set out along Santa 
Clara County's famous drive from the Leland Stanford Jr. 
University to the Lick Observatory, a distance of fifty miles. 

The Political Equality Club is a thoroughly up to-date 
organization, which holds its meetings every Friday after- 
noon. The officers are: Mrs. J. H. Henry, President; Mrs. 
W. S. Orvis, Vice-President; Miss L. S. Morgan, Recording 
Secretary; Mrs. J. E. Gassett, Corresponding Secretary; 
Mrs. A. T. Herrmann, Treasurer; and Mrs. W. E. Coombs, 
Auditor. The members are Dr. Alida C. Avery, Mrs. Rob- 
ert Syer, Mrs. A. O. Hooker, Mrs. A. E. Backesto, Mrs. 
N. D'Oyly, Mrs. E. McKee, Mrs. E. H. Hazelton, Mrs. L. 
M. Dodd, Mrs. Kate M. Tileston. Mrs. Gross Chittenden, 
Mrs. E. O. Smith, Miss Mabel Applegarth, Dr. Caroline A. 
Goss, Mrs. M. J. Craig, Miss Sarah Severance, Mrs. J. M. 
Hughes, Miss Agnes Howe, Miss Hope Pilbum, Miss 
Bessie Henry, Mrs. Silbia Fielding, Mrs. Marilla Ricker, 
Mrs. Rena Kleinhaus, Mrs. H. O. Brun, and Dr. Mary J. 

In East San Jose there is also a Political Equality Club, 
with Mrs. J. W. Trousdell, President, Mrs. J. D. Thome, 
Vice-President; Mrs. Sarah Thompson, Recording Secre- 
tary; Miss lyola Balis, Corresponding Secretary, and Mrs. 
J. S. Bamum, Treasurer. 

Meetings are held on the fourth Thursday of each 
month at the home of Mrs. H. M, Thurber. The members 
include Mrs. J. H. Slater, Mrs. M. Durfee, Mrs. L. D. Wood- 
ruff, Mrs. If. M. Allen, Mrs. W. S. Gardner, Mrs. Wasson, 

76 Ten Years in Pkradise. 

Mrs. M. A. Holland, Mrs. S. B. Olindcr, Mrs. S. G.Ben- 
son, Mrs. Sarah Thompson, and Mrs. H. M. Goff. 

The Merchants' Association of San Jose has on its mem- 
bership roll about one hundred and eighty-seven names, and 
has for its officers: President, A. S. Bacon; Vice-President, 
W. Trinkler; Treasurer, F. W. Moore; Secretary, R. R. 
Syer; Directors: A. S. Bacon, W. Trinkler, J. P. Jarman, 
A. J. Hart, S. N. Rucker, C. J. Cornell, A. Greeninger. F. 
W. Moore, W. J. Boschken, E. W. Allen, C. M. Shelboume, 
E. J. Bennett, J. R. Kocher, H. L. Miller, W. J. Wolff, H. 

C. Doerr, G. W. Borchers, H. Bercovich, and J. B. Lamkin. 
San Jose Lodge, No. 522, Benevolent Protective Order 

of Elks, was instituted under the supervision of F. L. Gray, 

D. D. G. E. R., assisted by the San Francisco Lodge, on 
December 9, 1899. It had a charter membership of one 
hundred and sixteen, and Jackson Hatch was chosen as 
the presiding officer. It has steadily increased in member- 
ship, and its members include men from every profession 
and calling. The present officers are: Exalted Ruler, E. J. 
Crawford, Esteemed Leading Knight, Elmer E. Chase; Es- 
teemed Loyal Knight, John W. Thomas; Esteemed Lectur- 
ing Knight, J. W. Dowdell; Secretary, E. L. Corbin; Treas- 
urer, W. E. Blauer, Trustees, Gus Lion, E. H. Bourguignon, 
Paul P. Austin; Tiler, George Shelden. 

The Aerie of Eagles, San Jose No. 8, is a prosperous 
and popular organization, with Fred S. Anderton as Past 
President; George A. Howes, President; Martin Murphy, 
Vice-President, William P. Corkery, Secretary; J. B. Lam- 
kin, Treasurer; C. J. Lightston, Chaplain; Joseph Blair, 
Outside Guard; Edward Schlaudt, Inside Guard, Alfred S. 
Williams, Michael G. Vasey, Frank Cheek, Trustees; IDr. 

E. F. Holbrook and Dr. J. D. Grissim, Physicians. 
There is no finer or more picturesque building in San 

Jose than the one which is occupied by the Sainte Claire 
Club. This is one of the oldest of the gentlemen's dubs 
here and has for its officers: I. Loeb, President; George H. 
Bragg, Vice-President; H. D. Melvin. Secretary; Bank of 
San Jose, Treasurer; I. Loeb, G. H. Bragg, James W. 

Prominent Clubs. 77 

Findlay, Dr. R. E. Pierce, Ralph Lowe, and J. A. Chase, 

The Oratorio Society has about fifty members, with Mrs. 
W. L. Woodrow, President; Mrs. L. F. Carboni, Vice-Presi- 
dent; Mrs. Mary Weaver-McCauley, Secretary; Mrs. A. T. 
Herrmann, Treasurer; Miss Jennie Noble, pianist, and 
Wilbur McCoU, musical director. The object of this or- 
ganization is to give entertainments and always to present 
the best music. 

The Chamber of Commerce was organized by citizens of 
this county on July first, 1900. Its purposes, as set forth in 
its circulars, are to advertise the resources of Santa Clara 
County, to issue illustrative literature, to answer inquiries, 
to gather and preserve data, and generally to promote every 
interest of this valley, after the manner of Boards of Trade 
and Chambers of Commerce throughout the land. The 
management is vested in a president, secretary, treasurer, 
and managing board of twenty- five members, all of whom 
are elected annually on the first Tuesday in each July. This 
club is a member of the California Central Coast Counties 
Improvement Association, composed of the various like or- 
ganizations of the six central coast counties. In connection 
with the general association it maintains at Los Angeles a 
splendid exhibit of the products of Santa Clara County and 
an information bureau for tourists and home seekers. The 
club also maintains a house exhibit of the products of the 
valley, and at its rooms literature and information can be 
obtained from those in charge. The officers are: Victor A. 
Scheller, President; I. B. McMahill, Secretary, and J. E. 
Auzerais, Treasurer. The Managing Board consists of J. 
E. Auzerais, T. C. Barnett, J. A. Belloli, Dr. J. L. Benepe, 
A. Bettens, W. S. Clayton, E. Coppock, C. J. Cornell, A. 
Greeninger, Dr. J. W. Davy, H. C. Doerr, W. P. Lyon, L. 
B.Johnson, V. Koch, H. D. Mathews, T. S. Montgomery, 
M. O'Brien, W. S. Orvis, J. D. Radford, Joseph H. Rucker, 
J. R. Ryland, V. A. Scheller, Paul Shoup, George P. Snell, 
and J. L. StulL 

The British- California Association has a large member- 

7S Ten Years in Raradise. 

ship, with Henry Tr^oning, President; William D. Bums, 
Vice-President; C. W. McNish, Secretary; John Southgate, 
Treasurer, and Miss Edwards, Organist. 

We were much surprised, to say the least, when for the 
first time we heard the Califomia I^adies' Brass Band. This 
organization is composed of ladies who thoroughly under- 
stand the art of playing the brass instruments, and they 
often render concert selections to the great delight of their 
many friends. It was organized in 1901, with five members, 
but the roll now includes: comets, Miss Delia McAbee, Miss 
Permelia Stockton; piccolo. Miss Laura La Montague; clari- 
onets. Miss Ray Rosenberg, Miss Julia La Montague, Miss 
Prankie Saunders, Mrs. Agnes Currier; melophones. Miss 
Geneva Howe, Miss Libbie Weaver, Miss Minnie Ingram; 
trombones. Miss Tillie Brohaska, Mrs. Clarice Walker; 
saxophones. Miss Laura Cottle, Miss Mary McAbee; drums 
and trap. Miss Jessie Pheifenburger; bass drum. Miss Ethel 
Height; tuba, Mrs. Flora Russ; director, Mr. Fred Bro- 
haska. In connection with the dub is an orchestra, the 
members of which are: Director, Mr. Fred Brohaska; Miss 
Tillie Brohaska, Miss Lizzie Cunan, Miss Rena Brohaska, 
Miss Maud Durkin, Miss Elsie Desimone, Miss N. Means, 
Miss Merigot, Miss Delia McAbee, Miss Grace Carter, Miss 
Flora Reese, Miss Julia La Montague, Miss Frankie Saun- 
ders, Miss P. Stockton, Mrs. Libbie Weaver, Mrs. G. Howe, 
Mrs. Clarice Walker, Miss Laura Cottle, Miss Laura La 
Montague, Miss Jessie Pheifenburger, L. Pfau, Leo Sulli- 
van, A. Sontheimer, Carl Martin, Mr. Roberts, and Arthur 

A few years ago a number of the business men here, 
realizing that out-door sports should go hand in hand with 
in-door amusements, and knowing that golf links were no 
longer considered a luxury, but a necessity, promptly or- 
ganized a golf club. They secured a tract of land and lo- 
cated the Linda Vista Links. A finer and more charming 
spot could not have been chosen. Situated near the foot- 
hills, and on the Alum Rock motor line, the grounds are 
just far enough to afford a pleasant walk or drive. The 

Prominent Clubs. 79 

place was selected for its healthfulness and beautiful scen- 
ery, several years ago, for the Linda Vista Sanitarium. Now 
the large and commodious building is used as a club house, 
and the grounds, comprising eighty acres, make an ideal 
course for the golf enthusiast. The club was formed with 
twenty charter members, who were: T. Ellard Beans, George 
M. Bowman, David M. Burnett, W. S. Clayton, the late E. 
C. Flagg, Thomas A. Graham, A. D. Grant, O. A. Hale, 
George W. Henderson, Ralph W. Hersey, Philo Hersey, 
A. C. Kuhn, S. F. Leib, J. C. Lewis, L. Ir. Morse, Loring 
G. Nesmith, Joseph R. Patton, Hotel Vendome, Guy Vat- 
chell, A. K. Whitton, and William Wehner. The other 
members are Miss Mabel Andrews, Miss Grace Adel, Mrs. 
Nellie G. Arques, Mrs. T. Ellard Beans, Miss Rowena 
Beans, Miss Mary Beans, Miss Francis Beans, Mrs. W. K. 
Beans, Mrs. George M. Bowman, Miss E. A. Bowman, Mel- 
ville Bowman, C. D. Blaney, Miss Edith M. Bamheisel, 
Mrs. C. D. Blaney, F. A. Babb, W. E. Blauer, Alfred C. 
Bean, Miss May Burrell, Mrs. William Beggs, Mrs. J. P. 
Burke, Miss Florence Clayton, Mrs. W. S. Clayton, C. C. 
Coolidge, Mrs. C. C. Coolidge, Miss Mary Crosson, Captain 
G. W. Conner, Mrs. G. W. Conner, Mrs. W. P. Dougherty, 
Miss Emilie D'Oyly, P. J. Dunne, Mrs. P. J. Dunne, Miss 
C. Belle Eaton, Mrs. Ellen E. Eldred, Mrs. I. N. Frasse, 
Miss Nell Fenton, Mrs. E. C. Flagg, Mrs. Charles W. Fay, 
Miss Minnie B. Houghton, Miss S. C. Haldan, Mrs. J. 
Underwood Hall, Dr. J. U. Hall, Mrs. R. W. Hersey, Miss 
Bessie Henry, Will E. Henry, Joe E. Henry, Dr. A. Don 
Hines, S. C. Houghton, Jerome A. Hart, Mrs. A. Hart, E. 
A. Hayes, J. O. Hayes, Mrs. W. B. Hobson, Mrs. Jackson 
Hatch, Miss Margaret Jacks, F. Knowles, Charles Kuhn, 
R. C. Kirkwood, Mrs. R. C. Kirkwood, Mrs. Ernest Lion, 
Miss Clara J. Lion, Mrs. J. R. Lewis, Mrs. J. C. Lewis, Dr. 
F. K. Ledyard, Mrs. M. C. Ledyard, Miss C. Mabury, Miss 
Cora May, Miss W. Morrison, Miss E. Morrison, Miss J. 
Morrison, Mrs. L. L. Morse, Miss Belle Mabury, Mrs. G. B. 
McAneny, Miss L. McGeoghegan, Mrs. L. G. Nesmith, 
Mrs. J. R. K. Nuttall, Miss Adelaide Ogier, Miss Fanny 

80 Ten Years in Paradise. 

Ogier, Mrs. J. R. Patton, Mrs. J. EL Rucker, Joseph H. 
Rucker, Jr., R. R. Sycr, Miss C. E. Sweigert, F. A. Schnei- 
der, Miss Tennant Smith, C. C. Schneider, Paul Shoup, 
Mrs. Paul Shoup, William A. Todd, Mrs. William A. Todd, 
Miss B. Tomlinson, MissL. Tomlinson, Mrs. Guy Vatchell, 
Miss Grace Woodrow, Mrs. W. L. Woodrow, W. L. Wood- 
row, George F. Wakefield, Mrs. William Wehner, Dr. C H. 
Walter, Miss Ida Wehner, Mrs. E. G. Williams, Mr. and 
Mrs. L. Haven, Dr. and Mrs. Charles Hablutzel, Dr. and 
Mrs. J. D. Crissim. The officers are: President, Ralph W. 
Hersey ; Secretary, W. S. Clayton; Board of Trustees, George 
M. Bowman, R. W. Hersey, A. C. Kuhn, W. S. Clayton, 
and F. Knowles. 

Tea is served at the Golf House on Wednesday and 
Saturday, and at one of the recent gatherings our surprise 
can be pictured on hearing: **Good afternoon, my dear 
Mrs. Thrift. How do you do? It seems an age since I met 
you; where have you been keeping yourself?" All in one 
breath these interrogations came from a cheery little woman 
who had dropped into the tea room on a day when a match 
game was to be played, to a rather staid looking lady seated 
near a small table. The lady addressed looked up with a 
pleased smile on her face as she responded, **I am truly 
glad to meet you again, Miss Wagner, though I was not 
expecting it. The truth is, I seldom get so far from home, 
but Mr. Thrift insisted that we both needed a vacation and 
that no better place on earth could be found in which to 
take it than San Jose, so we have been here enjoying all the 
pleasant things while there is nothing especial to call us 
back to the ranch." "The ranch! You don't mean that 
you have bought a ranch and settled down to California life 
forever?" **That is exactly my meaning," replied Mrs. 
Thrift, **and if you care to hear the reasons for our doing so, 
I will gladly give them to you." So Miss Wagner dropped 
carelessly into the nearest chair and prepared to hear all 
that her neighbor would say. **You know we came from 
* way down east.' I think anyone who looks at us carefully 
could tell that. We owned a little farm there, but with all 

Prominent Clubs. 81 

our work and economy, we never could get on. The severe 
cold often killed our best trees; we lost our prize fowls, and 
when eggs were dear, our hens refused to lay, and I grew 
more discouraged every year. I could not endure to see our 
children growing up to bear the same hardships, neither 
could their father, for he is not the kind of man who thinks 
what was good enough for him, good enough for his boys, 
and we used to wish we could just go clear away and start life 
all over. An accident threw in our way one of the little 
books issued by the Board of Trade in San Jose, and from 
that hour I made up my mind that we would get here, 
sooner or later. Fashion set our way. The rich New 
Yorkers in their desire to own the whole earth, bought a 
number of small farms near us and converted them into sum- 
mer homes. Our place happened to have a little lake and a 
hill on it, and one fortunate day a millionaire came along, 
and nothing would do but he must own that lake, so after a 
a good deal of bargaining he took the farm, and within a 
week we were on our way to California." **My! but you 
were expeditious. Did you not hate to part with all the old 
associations?" queried Miss Wagner, as she looked approv- 
ingly at the sweep of her silken skirt on the floor, and the 
glossy tips of her patent leather boots. 

"Associations may be very agreeable, but money in the 
bank is preferable," responded Mrs, Thrift, with an energy 
that marked all her movements and speech. *'Well, you 
certainly have not regretted your move," said Miss Wag- 
ner. **Not for one moment. We found a ranch which just 
suited us near Alviso. Mr. Thrift set out berries, and the 
boys raised ducks, while I went into the chicken business. 
There was already fine fruit on the place, and every day 
has seemed like a picnic. The salt air braced us up, fruit 
ripened every month in the year, the hens never struck, and 
my beautiful Jersey gave me cream to spare. We all gained 
in health, which is more to be desired than riches, and we 
found a ready market for everything we wished to sell, and 
before five years were over Mr. Thrift added very consid- 
erably to our land, and improved the house until it is just 

82 Ten Years in Pkradise. 

what I had longed for for years. You must come out to see 
us. Can't you make us a visit, Miss Wagner?" ''Delighted, 
I am sure, Mrs. Thrift, but tell me what your recreations 

"Mr. Thrift belongs to the Yacht Club, and we have 
charming excursions on the bay. Then a trip to San Fran- 
cisco when something especially good is to be heard — Mas- 
cagni or Kodan are not out of my reach now." 

"How gratifying," replied Miss Wagner, **No wonder 
you rejoice at the change, but then, no doubt, you often 
meet some of your old Mends, for it seems to me, every one 
comes to California either to rest or remain." 

"Yes, we have had some of our old neighbors with us 
occasionally, and they could hardly credit the evidence of 
their own eyes, to see peas ready for market in February, 
lettuce green and tender all the year, strawberries on New 
Year's day, and asparagus fit for a king, in January. But 
my callas and heliotrope surprised them most. You know 
one plant of the calla in a pot was considered a treasure in 
Maine, and here I have them by the hundreds. I sold to 
the churches last Easter, more than fifty dollars worth of 
them," and the good lady beamed over the recollection of 

"Well, dear iMrs. Thrift, I shall come and see this for 
myself before we go down to Monterey, but there is Mrs. 
Worth from Philadelphia — I must go over and speak to her. 
I thank you so much for the little history you have given 
me," and extending a beautifully gloved hand, Miss Wag- 
ner made her adieus, just as Mr. Thrift came up saying in 
an excited tone: "Wife, only think of it. I won the game 
over Dr. Walter. You never thought your farmer husband 
would turn out a sport, did you?" 

The South Bay Yacht Club, of which this lady spoke, 
owns a new club house, which is located near the town of 
Alviso, and is one of the finest club houses in the State. 

The main building is thirty by fifty feet. The ground 
floor is all in one room, which is used for various fetes 
given by the club. Entirely around the house, extends a 

Prominent Clubs. 83 

broad veranda, and on the roof is a cupola or lookout. The 
club rooms are furnished with a culinary outfit, to be used 
at banquets, and for members when they desire to make the 
club house their headquarters for any length of time. The 
officers are: Commodore, Dr. H. A. Spencer; Vice-Commo- 
dore, Sanford E. Smith; Secretary, C. M. Barker; Port 
Captain, William Ortley ; Measurer, Commodore J.O. McKee; 
Directors, R. Prank Peckham, and George E. Owen. 
Among the progressive dubs, this organization stands pre- 
eminent. Its excursions may not rival those of the ancient 
Nile, when Egypt's famous queen, in her silken sailed barge, 
floated among the lotus beds, but the harbor of Alviso has 
not attained its fall size yet, still, for pleasant pastime, for 
genuine hospitality, for courtesy and kindness, the Yacht 
Club is second to none. A glance at the personnel of the 
members is all the assurance one needs of its patriotism and 
its spirit of adventure. 

This club was organized in April, 1896, with J. O.McKee 
as Commodore; Dr. H. A. Spencer as Vice- Commodore; J. 
E. Auzerais as Secretary; and S. E. Smith as Treasurer. 
There are now three schooners in the dub, the **Dawn," 
owned by the Ortley brothers of Alviso; the "Muriel," 
owned by Commodore H. A. Spencer of San Jose and the 
"Estrella," owned by Captain Frank Cottle of the Willows. 
Besides these there are three launches: the **A. & C," owned 
by Frank and H. G. Coykendall; the "Frank D.," owned 
by Frank Davis; the "Annie," owned by G. C. Peckham of 
Watsonville; six sloops— the "Espey," Al Meads; the "Feu 
Follet," Vice-Commodore A. C. Eaton and Clemente Ar- 
ques; "Wanderer," Captain J. O. McKee; the "Papoose," 
Captain S. E. Smith and J. E. Auzerais; the "Fern," J. J. 
Pipes of Alviso; two cat boats— the "Cloud," Taylor Hill 
and R. F. Peckham; the "Abbie Nell," Frank HoUnes of 
Berryessa. A fine yawl, the "Comfort," is owned by the 
Coykendall brothers; and the "Goby," owned by the Ortley 
brothers, is an adjunct to the club. The other boats are 
launch "Ellis," Frank Moon; launch "Asparagus," Cap- 
tain Pyle; launch "Bessie," Captain Henry; launch 

84 Ten Years in Pkradise. 

'*Aimee," Captain Peckham; boat ''Beebe," Captain G. 
Owen; launch "Garden City," Captain P. K. Dow; "Hunt- 
ress," Dr. A. A. Wright and R. F. Peckham; "Comrado," 
Captain George B. McKee, Dr. S. Maynard, Henry Hart, 
Charles Bothwell, and C. W. Maynard; "Nereus," Captain 
A. T. Bassett, Lou Smith, and J. M. Langdon. 

The members include W. Newson, Herbert Putnam, Os- 
car Huntress, Dr. A. A. Wright, George B. McKee, Dr. S. 
Maynard, Henry Hart, Charles Bothwell, C. W. Maynard, 
Clarence Eaton, G. Hall, M. R. Thayer, A. T. Basset, Lou 
Smith, J. M. Langdon, George Owen, C. Harper, Frank 
Moon, Dr. P. K. Dow, Dr. J. H. Bland, Fred Boes, J. E. 
Auzerais, W. S. Clayton, Al Col, Clemente Arques, H. A. 
Alexander, C. C. Coolidge, Frank Cottle, H. D. Boschken, 
C. M. Barker, C. A, Barker, E. J. Corbin, D. M. Burnett, 
Edward Carey, F. E. Brockhage, Frank Davis, Alfred Bar- 
stow, Martin Doerr, J. W. Delaney, C. A. Birge, H. Basse, 
J. E. Fisher. A. C. Eaton, T. Bumight, B. C. Baker, F. E. 
Coykendall, H. G. Cbykendall, J. A. Chase, J. R. Carroll, 
W. Gary, J. D. Green, WiUiam Gussefeld, William W. Gray, 
A. E. Howes, Frank Holmes, Herman Hughes, Charles E. 
Howes, L. Haven, E. Haven, J. E. Harris, Philo Hersey, 
Theodore Halsey, W, E. Henry, N. Kooser, T. R. Hill, 
Oliver Ortley, Oscar Promis, Roy Phelps, Dr. W. E. Perrin, 
Clement Portal, J. J. Pipes, R. E. Peckham, Ed D. Rucker, 
Robert Leaman, J. O. McKee, Al Meads, F. L. Machefert, 
Tom McGeoghegan, Jack McGeoghegan, J. W. Macaulay, 
Al Madsen, H. I. Mabury, E. H. Moody, H. A. Spencer, 
L. Sonniksen, Dr. H. F. Spencer, S. E. Smith, W. H. Selby, 
C. L. Southgate, S. G. Tompkins, George Wade, X. L. 
Vrooman, J. T. Martin, H. H. Main, Jr., and W. A. 

The Home of Woman's Clubs. 

|AN JOSE can show as large a number of Woman's 
Clubs as any city of its size in the Union, for 
the women here are intelligent, cultivated, re- 
fined, and if they do not arrogate so much to 
themselves as do their sisters in Boston or Philadelphia, 
they are found as eagerly pressing on in the paths of art, 
literature, and music. The influence that radiated from 
Chautauqua Lake long since reached this far coast, and 
ladies of elegant leisure are carefully pursuing a severe 
course of study, and the Shakespearean students rank with 
his admirers in other cities. 

The San Jose Woman's Club is the largest of these or- 
ganizations, its object being to promote acquaintance, good- 
fellowship, and co-operation among the women of this city 
and vicinity, and to furnish a civic centre where questions 
of importance to the community may be freely discussed and 
acted upon, in the hope of promoting the interests and wel- 
fare of all concerned. This club was born in 1895, and 
after gaining strength to stand alone, she took her first step 
by joining the National Federation in 1897, and three years 
later the State Federation was entered. In 1900, feeling the 
importance of the club motto, **A11 for one and one for all," 
she invited the woman's clubs in her vicinity to join with 
her in a friendly alliance. This was heartily responded to 
by ten of the leading clubs, composed of hundreds of women, 
who felt that a higher type of womanhood would evolve out 
of this union of clubs than would be possible were each to 

86 Ten Yeais in Pinradise. 

work only in its own line. The Woman's Club Alliance is 
composed of the San Jose Woman's Club, Willows Reading 
and Improvement Club, The Fortnightly Club, The Man- 
zanita Club, The Chautauqua Literary and Scientific Circle, 
The Saturday Morning Musical Club, The Morepark Art 
Club, The Siddons Dramatic Club, The U and I Club of 
West Side, and the Shakespeare Club of Santa Clara. On 
the fourth Saturday of every month each dub, in turn, en- 
tertains the Woman's Club Alliance, putting forth its best 
efforts to make the meeting one of profit as well as of 

In 1902 the dub became infected with the departmental 
epidemic, which more than doubled her membership, and 
brought on a feverish longing for a permanent dub home. 
A large and enthusiastic committee was formed, a subscrip- 
tion list was started, and a series of entertainments was 
outlined by which it was hoped to still further augment the 
building fund. The initial afifair, under the direction of 
Mrs. Leonard Stocking, chairman of the Permanent Home 
Committee, took the form of a typical Indian Village, with 
its various tribes, both real and ideal, its wigwams, tepees, 
wickups, totem-poles, and sweat house, The Indian deco- 
rations, the costumes, customs, music, and dances completed 
this unique afifair, which caught the wave of popular fancy, 
and netted the members a handsome sum. 

New members are coming into the club in a steady 
stream. Each member choses the department best suited to 
her taste, and under the supervision of efiBdent chairmen, 
all are doing excellent work. The department of Civics and 
Education has started a traveling library, planted trees on 
"Arbor Day," aroused interest in a permanent club home, 
the Consumer's League, and in many other matters of im- 
portance to the community. Mrs. E. O. Smith is chairman 
of this section. The Home and Garden department, with 
Mrs. Kathrine Bingham in charge, has developed the 
practical as well as the ideal. Mrs. F. H. Bangs, chair- 
man of the deparment of Art and Literature, has chosen 
California History and Landmarks for the year's work. 

The Home of Woman's Clubs. 87 

Current Events and Reviews, under the able directorship of 
Mrs. K. A. Kelley, have proven as interesting as they have 
been instructive. Mrs. S. A. Jones has provided programs 
of unusual interest in the department of Travels and Ad- 
ventures, and last, but by no means least, the members and 
friends of the club have been entertained by the Social Sec- 
tion, in charge of Miss Esther Macomber. Many delightful 
dub teas, receptions, and outings of various kinds have 
been given under the auspices of this section. 

The directors of the club are: Mrs. W. C. Kennedy, 
President; Mrs. A. E. Osborne, Vice-President; Mrs. J. W. 
Davy, Recording Secretary; Mrs. W. B. Hill, Correspond- 
ing Secretary; Mrs. Paul Shoup, Auditor; Mrs. Horace 
Foote, Treasurer; Mrs. Charles Fleming, Mrs. Noble T. 
Biddle, and Mrs. E. H. Guppy. The members are: Mrs. 
R. H. Austin, Mrs. E. S. Allen, Mrs. F. H. Bangs, Mrs. D. 
D. Brooks, Mrs. Katherine Bingham, Mrs. T. C. Bamett, 
Mrs. Anna Brown, Mrs. H. C. Brun, Mrs. J. P. Burke, Mrs. 
Henri Bettman, Mrs. S. A. Buell, Mrs. Hiram G. Bond, 
Mrs. John L. Benepe, Mrs. M. D. Brainard, Mrs. William 
Beggs, Mrs. J. H. Campbell, Mrs. Mary B. Carroll, Mrs. 
Elizabeth Chambers, Mrs. J. W. Cook, Mrs. E. Coppock, 
Mrs. V. Cauhape, Mrs. W. A. Coulter, Mrs. E. J. Craw- 
ford, Mrs. E. L. Coe, Mrs. Hugh Center, Mrs. C. W. Coe, 
Mrs. Phelps Cory, Mrs. James C. Campbell, Mrs. Ella M. 
Cox, Mrs. Oscar Dewey, Mrs. J. W. Dowdell, Mrs. Marie 
Ferbos, Mrs. F. L. Foster, Mrs. William W. Fuller, Mrs. 
W. C. Evans, Dr. Amelia Gates, Mrs. W. A. Gaston, Dr. 
C. A. Goss, Mrs. F. S. Granger, Mrs. W. G. Hawley, Mrs. 
Jackson Hatch, Miss Kate B. Holliday, Mrs. Charles H. 
Hervey, Mrs. C. E. Hablutzel, Mrs. C. H. Herrington, Miss 
Agnes Howe, Mrs. W. F. Hunt, Mrs. T. James, Mrs. Al- 
bert Holbrook, Mrs. H. E. Jones, Mrs. W. E. Jenkines, 
Mrs. John R. Kocher, Mrs. E. A. Kelley, Mrs. T. Kirk, 
Miss Anna Kullak, Mrs. O. N. Kent, Mrs. G. Lumbard, 
Mrs. B, E. Laughlin, Mrs. C. N. Maclyouth, Mrs. R. A. 
I,ee, Mrs. J. F. Lefller, Mrs. A. P. Murgotten, Mrs. H. A. 
Marckres, Mrs. Eli McClish, Mrs. Archibald McDonald, 

88 Ten Years in Rmdise. 

Mrs. Henry D. Mathews, Mrs. W. D. McDougall, Mrs. C. 
MacBride, Miss Esther Macomber, Mrs. Maud Nourse, Mrs. 
S. B. Olinder, Mrs. E. C. Prussia, Mrs. W. L. Pieper, Mrs. 
M. D. Pearl, Mrs. C. H. Putnam, Mrs. Milo Phelps, Mrs 
E. M. Rosenthal, Mrs. C. E. Randall, Mrs. A. K. Spero, 
Mrs. J. Sweigert, Mrs. A. Schoenheit, Miss Sarah M. Sev- 
erance, Mrs. N. A. Sanders, Mrs. R. Syer, Mrs. J. F. Steph- 
enson, Mrs. H. K. Stahl, Mrs. R. Stewart, Mrs. D. D. 
Tennyson, Mrs. F. M. Temple, Mrs. J. E. Trueman, Mrs. 
M. S. Richmond, Mrs. R. E. Freeman, Mrs. Stanley Willey, 
Mrs. Charles Stillman, Mrs. C. D. Chittenden, Mrs. Valen- 
tine Koch, Mrs. John Manzer, Mrs. W. L. Woodrow, Mrs. 
G. H. Worrall, Mrs. Carrie Stevens Walter, Mrs. George 

D, Worswick, Miss J. R. Williams, Mrs. John T. Wallace, 
Mrs. J. M. Hughes, Miss Mary E. Hughes, Mrs. Edward 
Hersey, Mrs. J. L. Asay, Mrs. Charles A. Wayland, Mrs. 
M. E. Rodgers, Mrs. Hermann Pfister, Dr. Mary J. Bearby, 
Mrs. C. E. Moore, Mrs. W. N. Noble, Mrs. Mitchell Phil- 
lips, Mrs. M. A. Williams. 

One of the first clubs here was the Manzanita Club, 
which was organized by Mrs. Edward Williams nearly 
twenty- five years ago. Of the original members Mrs. Wil- 
liams and Mrs. A. P. Anderson continue in the club, which 
meets every Monday afternoon, each member entertaining 
for one month. At the beginning of the year the work is 
carefully outlined, and at each meeting a paper on a se- 
lected topic is read and discussed. The ofl&cers are: Presi- 
dent, Mrs. Don Palmer; Vice-President, Mrs. J. R. Lewis; Sec- 
retary, Mrs. S. A. Buell; Treasurer, Mrs. A. P. Anderson. 
The other members include: Mrs. Noble T. Biddle, Mrs. G. 
Blaine, Mrs. C. B. Bills, Mrs. A. Beermaker, Mrs. Phelps 
Cory, Mrs. C. W. Childs, Mrs. J. Clark, Mrs. J. C. Cobb, 
Mrs. H. French, Mrs. D. L. Haas, Mrs. G. B. Lumbard, 
Mrs. M. Luther, Mrs. M. Phelps, Mrs. W. P. Squire, Mrs. 

E. R. Stone, Mrs. Jonathan Sweigert, Mrs. G. S. Wells, 
Mrs. S. Willey, Mrs. Edward Williams, Mrs. O. Phelps, and 
Mrs. L. J. Rodgers. 

The Monday Club began its work many years ago, but 

The Home of Woman's Clubs. 89 

was reorganized under its present name in 1893. The ob- 
ject of the club is to carry on systematic work in history 
and literature. The number is limited to twenty-five active 
members. They are: Miss Phi Allen, Mrs. Hannah Bean, 
Miss Bowen, Mrs. B. Cochrane, Mrs. F. Cain, Mrs. E. J. 
Dawson, Mrs. M. Fairchild, Mrs. Jackson Lewis, Mrs. J. B. 
Johnson, Mrs. Frank K. Ledyard, Mrs. E. D. Haven, Mrs. 
R. S. Holway, Mrs. J. F. Hathaway, Mrs. M. F. McCul- 
loch, Mrs. Elliot Reed, Mrs. John E. Richards, Mrs. E. C. 
Singletary, Mrs. Leonard Stocking, Mrs. F. H. Shelly, Mrs. 
George H. Start, Mrs. Anna Taber, Mrs. S. H. Wagener, 
Mrs. M. H. Wagner, Miss Cornelia Taber, and Mrs. Charles 
A. Way land. The honorary members are: Mrs. H. E. Cox, 
Mrs. Benjamin Cory, Miss Anna Dow, Mrs. Mary Field, 
Mrs. A. M. Gates, Mrs. S. A. Jones, Mrs. Jane Ledyard, 
Miss E. Houghton, Mrs. M. J. Hazleton, Miss Mary Nor- 
ton, Mrs. Hiram Mabury, Mrs. A. H, Randall, Mrs. E. P. 
Reed, Mrs. Arthur Washburn, Miss Lucy Washburn, Mrs. 
P. O. Minor, and Mrs. Mary McCall. Mrs. Charles Way- 
land is President, Mrs. George H. Start, Vice-President, and 
Mrs. J. B. Johnson, Secretary and Treasurer. 

Some ten years ago about a dozen ladies, who often met 
socially, suggested the formation of a club for the study of 
art, and in 1894 they organized the **Art History Club." 
At first the membership was limited to twenty, but it has 
since been increased. 

Italian, French, German, and English schools of paint- 
ing have been studied, and much time has been given to 
sculpture and architecture. The annual dues are used in 
the purchase of valuable photographs of famous paintings 
and books treating of art history, and a fair library and col- 
lection are already in the possession of the club. The meet- 
ings take place on alternate Saturday afternoons at the 
homes of the members, who include: Mrs. Lawrence Archer, 
Mrs. Leo. B. Archer, Mrs. William G. Alexander, Miss L. 
A. Bacon, Miss Mary Beans, Miss Laura Bethel, Mrs. Louis 
Bond, Mrs. Nicholas Bowden, Mrs. J. S. Cobb, Mrs. Anna 
Dougherty, Mrs. J. E. Fisher, Mrs. Arthur Field, Mrs. R. 

90 Ten Years in Paradise. 

S. Holway, Mrs. Ralph Hersey, Miss Alice Jordan, Miss 
Delia Kiser, Mrs, George A. Muirson, Mrs. Lester L. Morse, 
Miss Stella Morse, Mrs. Bimey Moore, Miss Elizabeth Ogier, 
Miss Mary Post, Mrs. James Henry Pierce, Miss Ada Ry- 
.land, Mrs. K. C. Reed, Mrs. Joseph H. Rucker, Miss Fan- 
nie Schallenberger, Mrs. F. A, Taylor, Mrs. B. Tisdale, Miss 
Martha Trimble, Mrs. J. F. Thompson, Mrs. George 
Thomas, Miss Cornelia Taber, Miss C, Vivian, and Mrs. B. 
F. Weston. 

The business of the club is conducted by a staflf of offi- 
cers and an executive board. They are: President, Mrs. 
Nicholas Bowden; Vice-President, Miss Ada Ryland; Secre- 
tary and Treasurer, Mrs. F. A. Taylor; Executive Board, 
Mrs. Lawrence Archer, Mrs. James Henry Pierce, Mrs. R. 
S. Holway, Mrs, Joseph Rucker, Miss Cornelia Taber, Miss 
Ada Ryland, Mrs. Nicholas Bowden, and Mrs. F. A. 

The Santa Ysabel Chapter of San Jose of the Daughters 
of the American Revolution was organized in November, 
1896. The charter members were Mrs. Sutton Palmer, 
Mrs. William B. Gano, Miss M. Polhemus, Mrs. W. K. 
Beans, Mrs. M. G. Gates, Miss Edna Leib, Mrs. T. Ellard 
Beans, Miss Frances Beans, Mrs. Pedro Merlin Lusson, 
Mrs. Paul Furst, Miss Bessie Moore, Miss Rowena Beans, 
Miss Lida Leib, and Mrs. Chauncey Rea Burr. The re- 
gent, Mrs. Samuel Franklin Leib, was appointed by the 
then State Regent, Mrs. Virginia Knox Maddox. Since 
then nine members have been added. The invitation list 
has reached a limit that cannot be extended, as the Chapter 
meetings are held at the residences of the members; and 
while they know that there are many eligible to the Daugh- 
ters, still they feel it is not possible to enlarge the Chapter. 
The Chapter is fortunate in having Mrs. Samuel Franklin 
Leib for Regent; Mrs. James Henry Pierce, Vice-Regent; 
Mrs. William Knox Beans, Treasurer; Mrs. J. Q. A. Bal- 
lon, Recording Secretary; Miss Cora May, Corresponding 
Secretary; Mrs. Leigh Richmond Smith, Historian. The 
Board of Managers consists of Mesdames A. S. Kittredge, 

The Home of Woman's Clubs. 91 

Melville Waite, Paul P. Austin, Paul Furst, M. G. Gates, 
Miss Cora May, and Miss Lida Leib. The members of this 
Chapter are: 

Mrs. A. C. Waite — Entered through her great-great- 
grandfather. Colonel Jewett, Commander of the Connecticut 
regiment in the Continental Army. The gallant soldier is 
buried in Fort Green Park, Brooklyn. 

Mrs. A. C. May — Bntered through her great-grand 
father. Captain Hezekiah Hutchins. Her daughters, Mrs. 
Paul P. Austin and Miss May, entered through the same 
ancestor, and also tlirough their great-grandfather, Stephen 
May, who served through the whole revolutionary struggle. 

Miss M. Polhemus — ^Entered through her great-grand- 
father. Major John Polhemus of New Jersey. 

Mrs. E. H. Guppy — Entered through her great-grand- 
father, Cornelius Russell, who was General Washington's 
private secretary, during the memorable winter spent at 
Valley Forge. He was a captain in the Continental Army 
and served all through the war. 

Mrs. Leigh Richmond Smith — Entered through her an- 
cestors. Captain Lucas from Virginia, and Colonel Houghton 
from New Jersey. 

Mrs. A. S. Kittridge — Entered through her great-great- 
grandfather, Thomas Bedford of Virginia, who was a mem- 
ber of the Committee of Safety and also through her great- 
grandfather. Captain Thomas Bedford, Jr., who raised and 
equipped a company from Virginia. 

Mrs. T. EUard Beans — Entered through her great-grand- 
father, Dr. John Forman Grandin of New Jersey, who was 
only fifteen when he enlisted, but before the war was ended 
he served in the navy as surgeon. 

Mrs. William Knox Beans, Mrs. H, W. Eustace, and 
Mrs. Sutton Palmer — Entered through their great-grand- 
father, Lieutenant William Moore of Virginia, who served 
through the war in a regiment of Virginia militia. 

Mrs. James Henry Pierce — Entered through her great- 
great-grandfather, Richard Thurston, who was a member of 

92 Ten Years in Paradise. 

the Committee of Safety. He volunteered as a private and 
was later a captain in a Massachusetts company. 

Mrs. J. Q. A. Ballou — Entered through her great-great- 
grandfather, Edward Ainsworth of Woodstock, who enlisted 
as a private and rose to the rank of lieutenant. 

Mrs. S. F. Leib and daughters, Mrs. W. H. Wright and 
Miss IfidsL Leib — Entered through their ancestor, General 
Will Russell of Virginia. 

Mrs. David Starr Jordan — Entered through her great- 
grandfather, Phineas Knight of New England, who was 
with Colonel Putman's Connecticut regiment during the 
struggle for independence. 

Mrs. M. G. Gates —Entered through her great-grand 
father, Jonathan Palmer of New York, who was lieutenant 
of a regiment of Connecticut troops under Colonel Selby. 

Mrs. Paul Furst — Entered through her great-grand- 
father, General Will Russell of Virginia. Her sister, Mrs. 
William B. Gano, entered through the same ancestor. 

Mrs. E. C. Singletary — Entered through her great-grand- 
father, Massey Thomas of Virginia. 

Mrs. Samuel Franklin Leib, Mrs. William Knox Beans, 
Mrs. James Henry Pierce, and Mrs. Leigh Richmond Smith 
also belong to the Colonial Dames of America, resident in 

Mrs. Leib and Mrs. Leigh Richmond Smith are members 
of the Order of the Colonial Governors, and also of the 
Order of the Crown. 

In August, 1900, the "Angel of Death" called to her 
eternal reward one of the most lovable and patriotic mem- 
bers of the Santa Ysabel Chapter, Mrs. Karl Plate, and the 
following was adopted by the society: 

**It is the first time in the history of the Chapter that 
death has taken one of its members. A descendant of a 
long line of patriotic ancestors, Mrs. Plate loved her country 
and her flag. Her great-grandfather, Captain Anthony 
Rutgers of New York City, was captain of the second artil- 
lery in the Revolutionary War. In our recent struggle with 
Spain, Mrs. Plate quickly responded to the call of the Red 

The Home of Woman's Clubs. 93 

Cross Society for workers, and was untiring in her efforts 
to assist in the noble cause. 

"And now, since an all- wise Providence has taken our 
sister from us, we wish to express our deep sorrow at our 
loss. Kind, modest, lovely in character, she will live in our 
memories as a type of noble Christian womanhood; there- 
fore be it 

Resolved^ That we extend to the bereaved husband, 
young daughter and sons, and also to those parents so far 
away, our truest sympathy. The beloved wife and mother 
has been taken, but her love has blessed them. 'Though 
dead, she yet lives.' Like her life, her death was peaceful. 
She but said good-night to awake in a brighter clime. We 
commend her dear ones to our Heavenly Father and to the 
words of His love to comfort them." 

The late Mrs. P. M. Lusson — Entered through her great- 
great-grandfather. Colonel Thomas Newton, of the Norfolk 
county militia. He was also a member of the Virginia Con- 
stitutional Convention in 1776, a member of the House of 
Delegates, of the Committee of Safety, and Commissioner of 
Admiralty. She also entered through her great-great- grand 
father, John Wright Stanley of North Carolina, who con- 
tributed one hundred thousand dollars to General Greene 
for ammunition for the Continental Army. 

Mrs. Lusson was a woman of rare personality, affable, 
cultivated, and generous. This gracious lady was suddenly 
called from earth, and the Santa Ysabel Chapter, of which 
she was a highly valued member, at a meeting held shortly 
after her death, paid the following tribute to her memory: 

**Since we last met as a Chapter early in June, the 
*Angel of Death* has claimed one of our members. Our 
dearly beloved Registrar, Mrs. Elizabeth Stanley Lusson, 
was, on the second of August, 1903, suddenly taken from 
us, and a deep grief fills our hearts at our irreparable loss. 

'*Mrs. Lusson was an interesting and beautiful woman, 
of generous nature and noble instincts. She was a charter 
member of our Chapter, and by her efforts it was organized. 

*'She was also a member of the Colonial Dames, a mem- 

94 Ten Yeais in Pinradise. 

ber of the Society of Colonial Govemon, and of the Order 
of the Crown, and counted amon^^ her ancestors some of the 
best of the old English and Virginia famiHes, She was bom 
at Port Washington, Indian Territory, her father. Major 
Newton, of the regular army, having been stationed there. 
She was also a direct descendant of Lord Baltimore through 
his son, Leonard Calvert, who was first governor of Mary- 
land; therefore be it 

** Resolved, That in the death of our R^^istrar, the Santa 
Ysabel Chapter of San Jose, California, has lost one of its 
most honored and valuable members, whose devotion was 
ever an inspiration, and whose noble character will ever be 
held in loving remembrance; be it farther 

''Resolved, That this Chapter ofier loving S3rmpathy to 
the grief-stricken members of her family." 

Among the other Daughters here are Mrs. Edward 
Williams — Entered through her great-grandfathers, Simeon 
Morse and Tarrant Sibley. Both enlisted when only fifteen 
and fought from the commencement until the dose of the 
war. They were on the field when Burgoyne surrendered. 
Mrs. Williams is the proud possessor of several coins, pen- 
sion money received by them. She is a life member of the 
Sequoia Chapter. 

Mrs. Noble T. Biddle — ^Entered through her great grand- 
father, William Hiester of Philadelphia, who, with his 
three brothers enlisted in the Continental Army. They were 
at the battles of Trenton and Valley Forge. Also by her 
great-grandfather, Benjamin Miller, a captain of one of the 
companies in a Pennsylvania regiment Mrs. Biddle is also 
a member of the Sequoia Chapter. 

Mrs. Sarah L. Knox Goodrich — Entered the order 
through her grandfather, Lieutenant John Browning of 
Virginia. He volunteered at the first call to arms and 
served throughout the war; also through her great-grand- 
father, Captain John Strother, who was with the Virginia 
troops in many a hard fought battle. Her daughter, Mrs. 
Virginia Knox Maddox, entered through the same ances- 
tors. Mrs. Maddox was State Regent of the Daughters in 

The Home of Woman's Clubs. 95 

this State for six years. Her grandfather, William Winston 
Browning, answered the call to arms in 1812. 

Miss Blanche Blanchard — Entered through her great- 
grandfathers, Lieutenant Colonel David Lawrence and Jus- 
tus Blanchard. The latter was private in the battles of 
Lexington and Bunker Hill, and was with General Wash- 
ington at Valley Forge. 

Mrs. Carrie Stevens Walter — Entered through three an- 
cestors, Major Thomas Ashley of Vermont, her mother's 
paternal great-grandfather, Josiah Everett of Massachusetts, 
her father's maternal grandfather, and Bartholomew Stev- 
ens of Massachusetts, her father's paternal grandfather. 
Major Ashley was second in command under Colonel Ethan 
Allen at the capture of Port Ticonderoga. He was also one 
of the founders of the State of Vermont, being one of the 
grantees from King George III. of a township of land there 
in 1761. He was descended, through his mother, from El- 
der William Brewster, who came in the Mayflower's first 
voyage, and whose daughter. Patience, married Governor 
Thomas Prence of Massachusetts. This makes Mrs. Walter 
eligible to membership in the Colonial Dames and of the 

The purpose of the Fortnightly Club, as set down in the 
business-like catalogue in each member's possession, is the 
systematic study of literature and history. The motto of 
the club is * 'There is an art of reading as well as an art of 
thinking and an art of writing," and the work of the mem- 
bers shows that they are mastering all three arts. 

The ofl&cers are Mrs. B. F. Brown, President; Mrs. F. H. 
Eastey, Vice-President; Mrs. Frank Lefl0ler, Corresponding 
Secretary; Mrs. William A. Beasly, Recording Secretary; 
and Miss L. S. Morgan, Treasurer. The Program Com- 
mittee is made up of Mrs. W. S. Orvis, Mrs. M. D. Barker, 
Mrs. R. J. Langford, and Miss Nellie O'Brien. 

The members are Mrs. D. M. Barker, Mrs. W. A. Beasly, 
Mrs. F. B. Brown, Mrs. E. Conant, Mrs. F. H. Eastey, 
Mrs. M. J. Farrington, Mrs. J. F. Gassett, Mrs. C. R. Har- 
ker, Mrs. E. C. Hurff, Mrs. C. H. Johnson, Mrs. C. E. 

96 Ten Years in Rnradise. 

Kelsey, Mrs. R. J. Langford, Mrs. W- S. Johnston, Mrs. J. 
F. Leffler, Mrs. G. B. McKee, Mrs. L. S. Morgan, Mrs. W. 
S. Orvis, Mrs. M. H. Osgood, Miss Nellie O'Brien, Miss 
Emma Riehl, Mrs. S. E. Smith, Mrs. William Van Dalsem, 
Mrs. Georgia Willey, Mrs. Hume A. Spencer, Miss L. C. 
Peckham, Mrs. Edgar Pomeroy, Mrs. E. E. Chase, and 
Mrs. Grace Aram. This club belongs to both the State and 
the National Federations. 

The Saturday Morning Musical Club was organized in 
1893, its object being to develop the musical talent of its 
members, and to stimulate a feeling for good music in San 
Jose. The club members meet fortnightly, when one or two 
composers are studied, and papers upon their lives and 
works are read, and a programme of vocal and instrumental 
music from their compositions is rendered. 

The President, Mrs. Carrie Foster- McLellan, is one of 
San Jose's fair daughters who has reflected high honor upon 
this city. She has won golden opinions abroad, where 
criticism is of special worth. Gifted by nature with a voice 
of great strength, purity and compass, it was not until she 
attracted the notice of the late Herr Karl Formes that her 
splendid natural talents received the cultivation necessary 
for their perfection. Formes was, like all artists, an en- 
thusiast, and he undertook the training of Miss McLellan's 
voice with that zeal which inspired confidence in his modest 
pupil. She studied patiently and severely. San Joseans 
will remember the night of her debut before her own town's 
people. She challenged criticism by the selection of her 
programme, and she received the heartiest applause. Suc- 
cess was assured, and the grand old master enjoyed the 
triumphs of his pupil as though they were his own. He 
presented her to the music loving people of San Francisco, 
where she was most kindly received. After a short tour 
through the East, he took her to Europe, and there proved 
his opinion of her powers, when she sang before the most 
critical of London audiences, the solemn and splendid music 
of oratorios, and added a new charm to their composition. 
She sang with great success, and carried away by her en- 

The Home of Woman's Clubs. 97 

thusiastic love of music, she overtaxed her slight frame so 
that rest became obligatory. Returning to her home, she 
soon regained her strength, and since then she has sung in 
concerts and in churches in this city, and ranks among the 
most efficient instructors here. Miss Nellie Rogers is Vice- 
President; Miss Nettie Moody, Secretary; and Mrs. Jessie 
Pascoe, Treasurer. 

The Morepark Art Club is a charming neighborhood 
club, whose members meet one afternoon of each week, and 
spend a couple of hours reading and discussing the works 
of some of the great painters and sculptors. The member- 
ship is limited to fifteen, and includes Mrs. A. S. Alden, Mrs. 
A. C. Atchley, Mrs. T. B. Caldwell, Mrs. W. T. Parker, 
Mrs. J. S. Wallace, Miss M. Rozette Hendrix, Mrs. Angie 
Hendrix Webster, Mrs. Addie Kentner, Mrs. E. L. Coe, 
Mrs. S. W. Walton, Mrs. W. C. Elliott, Mrs. J. A. Coe, 
Mrs. D. D. Brooks, Mrs. B. Millard; and Mrs. H. J. Smith. 
The officers are: Mrs. D. D. Brooks, President; Mrs. W. F. 
Parker, Vice-President; and Miss M. Rozette Hendrix, Sec- 

The Willows Reading and Improvement Club, which 
meets on Thursday afternoon at the homes of the members, 
has been organized for several years. Its officers are: Presi- 
dent, Mrs. Julia Waldo; Vice-President, Miss Liela Mar- 
shall; Secretary, Miss Marion Thompson; Corresponding 
Secretary, Miss Agnes Ousley; Executive Committee, Mrs. 
Alice E. Winans, Miss Anna Wight, and Miss Agnes Ous- 
ley. The other members include Mrs. Luella D. Oliver, 
Mrs. Ada Butts, Mrs. Anna L. Sprung, Mrs. Hulda Collins, 
Mrs. S. J. Currier, Mrs. Martha Foster, Mrs. Charles H. 
Hervey, Mrs. E. E. Evans, Mrs. S. M. Keith, Mrs. W. L. 
Thurston, Miss Flora R. Smith, Mrs. A. E. Newby, Miss 
Cora Wolfe, Mrs. Belle Oilman, Mrs. Esther Purinton, Mrs. 
Martha A. Hanson, Mrs. A. A. Oeer, Miss Lena Briggs, 
Mrs. Helen Smith, Miss Emma Keesling, Mrs. Jennie War- 
ner, Mrs. H. P. Flemming, Miss Alice Lester, Miss Anna 
Crever, Mrs. Anna Hulet, Mrs. Lucette Sloat, Mrs. Jennie 
Bennett, Miss Myra Fairfield, Mrs. E. S. Parkhurst, Mrs. 

98 Ten Years in Paradise. 

H. A. Lee, Mrs. E. D. Webster, and Miss Louise Weisen- 

The U and I Reading Club of West Side is not behind the 
other clubs of the county in the earnest work which it is 
doing. The officers are: Mrs. J. K. Boyd, President; and 
Mrs. I. N. Leonard, Secretary and Treasurer. The mem- 
bers include: Mrs. £. W. Conant, Mrs. I. J. Comer, Mrs. M. 
P. Billings, Miss Anna Billings, Mrs. K. A. Parsons, Mrs. 
G. L. Graflf, Miss Bertha Graflf, Mrs. J. P. Tudor, Mrs. J. 
H. Kelley, Mrs. L. D. Meyers, Mrs. Matthew Hemphill, 
Mrs. H. R. T. Macy, Mrs. E. P. Phillippe, Mrs. A. M. 
Smith, Mrs. J. D. Setzer, Miss Bessie Cunningham, Miss 
Bertha M. Childs, Mrs. J. H. Bullard, Mrs. R. Pulaski, and 
Mrs. James Hemphill. 


Charitable Organizations. 

I AN JOSE is justly renowned for its wise and lib- 
eral charities. Naturally in a place as cosmo- 
politan as this, there must exist cases of des- 
titution, for **the poor ye have always with ye,*' 
but the judicious and generous legislation of the city and 
county ofl&cials, supplemented by private charity, always 
provide for the needy in such cases. 

The County Alms House is beautifully located near Mil- 
pitas. The large building, with its extensive grounds, 
stands proudly in the landscape, a monument of public 
benevolence. In this cheerful home all those to whom life 
has been too heavy a burden can spend the remainder of 
their days amid surroundings which would soften the 
hardest fate. 

The County Hospital is located on the Meridian road on 
the west side of the county, and the grounds surrounding it 
attract the attention of all who pass, by their wealth of 
shrubbery and blossoms. There the destitute poor are 
cared for in their hours of sickness, and skilled medical at- 
tendants and kind nurses do all that is possible in order to 
alleviate their sufferings. 

The Associated Charities of San Jose was formed in 1894, 
and has met with the greatest success and most generous 
co-operation from the public. 

The directors represent the churches of every faith in 
San Jose as well as the existing charitable organizations. 
The aims of this association are to investigate and keep a 

100 Ten Years in Paradise. 

record of all cases of distress reported; to give temporary re- 
lief in emergency cases and then report them to the charita- 
ble organizations under the jurisdiction of which they 
belong; to expose fraud, and prevent duplicate giving; and 
to secure work for needy men and women. The organiza- 
tion maintains a comfortable, well-lighted reading room, 
where the dependants may spend their leisure hours, and 
also a lodging home where beds are furnished for one hour's 
work in the wood yard. The superintendent is in daily 
charge of the ofl&ce, and is always ready to give information 
or furnish help of all kinds on short notice. 

The Associated Charities comes before the public with an 
annual entertainment, which always nets the society a sum 
sufficient to tide it over till the next year. This season the 
production of the **Chimes of Normandy" by the local Ora- 
torio Society was one of the successful entertainments, and 
one of the society events of the year. The officers for 1903 
are: Alfred C. Bean, President; Mrs. T. EUard Beans, Vice- 
President; Mrs. W. B. Hill, Secretary; Mr. James Bean, 
Treasurer; Miss Cora M. Bethel, Superintendent; Mrs. S. 
B. Hunkins, Mrs. T. Ellard Beans, Mrs. A. T. Herrmann, 
Rev. H. M. Tenney, Mrs. H. Branham, Mr. James Bean, 
Mrs. W. U Woodrow, Mrs. W. B. Hill, Mrs. E. G. Wil- 
liams, Mrs. Anna Taber, Mrs. Alfred C. Bean, Directors; 
Mayor G. D. Worswick, Mrs. S. C. Winchester, Rev. Father 
Gleason, Mrs. Geo. M. Bowman, J. H. Campbell, Mrs. E. 
O. Smith, Mrs. H. Levy, Mrs. C. D. Blaney, Mrs. E. 
McLaughlin, Mrs. B. Cochrane, Mrs. Jackson Hatch, J. E. 
Knoche, James Rhodes, Mrs. W. P. Dougherty, Mrs. S. A. 
Jones, and E. A. Hayes, Honorary Directors. 

The Pratt Home is a semi-charitable institution for the 
relief of homeless children and aged people. It is non-sec- 
tarian, and at present there are twenty inmates. The 
building is a spacious structure, surrounded by well-kept 
grounds adorned with trees and shrubs. The directors are: 
Mrs. W. L. Woodrow, Mrs. J. H. Henry, Mrs. Robert Syer, 
Mrs. A. T. Herrmann, Mrs. A. McDonald, Mrs. George 
Snell, Mrs. F. Shatter, Miss J. Dockstader, Mrs. S. A. Bar- 

Charitable Organizations. 101 

ker, Mrs. M. May, Mrs. J. R. Lewis, Mrs. E. Chambers, 
Mrs. W. P. Dougherty, Mrs. M. Ogier, and Mrs. J. E. 
Richards. The officers are: President, Mrs. W. L. Wood- 
row; Vice-President, Mrs. J. H. Henry; Secretary, Mrs. A. 
T. Herrmann; Financial Secretary, Mrs. S. A. Barker; 
Treasurer, Mrs. J. E. Richards; Auditor, Mrs. M. May. 

Certain it is that the popularity of the San Jose branch 
of the Needle Work Guild of America has not waned since 
its organization in 1896 by Miss Hanna Wakefield. One 
afternoon in that year Miss Wakefield invited to her home 
the late Mrs. P. M. Lusson, Mrs. Edward McLaughlin, 
Mrs. Charles J. Martin, Mrs. E. O. Smith, Mrs. Hannah 
Bean, Miss Mary Beans, Miss Mary Porter, Mrs. Eugene 
Rosenthal, and Mrs. Lawrence Archer. Miss Greer, who 
has since been called to her heavenly home, was one of the 
pioneer workers in the Guild in San Francisco, and she gave 
a talk on the objects and aims of the organization, and ex- 
plained its workings. The ladies heard, understood, and 
appreciated the vast amount of good work that might be 
accomplished through this medium, and they quickly en- 
rolled their names, and pledged their earnest support to this 
charity, and have since been indefatigable workers in the 
cause. The seed fell on good ground, for in 1902, nearly 
two thousand new garments were divided among the 
charities of this county, to be distributed to the poor. This 
annual distribution takes place in November. ' 

The present officers of the Guild are: Mrs. C. J. Martin, 
President; Mrs. S. A. Jones, First Vice-President; Miss M. 
V. Beans, Second Vice-President; Mrs. W. J. Leet, Third 
Vice-President; Mrs. E. M. Rosenthal, Fourth Vice-Presi- 
dent; Mrs. Lawrence Archer, Treasurer; Mrs. W. B. Hob- 
son, Secretary; Mrs. E. H. Guppy, Mrs. Margaret Ogier, 
Mrs. IW. B. Hill, and Mrs. Paul P. Austin, Executive 
Board. The directors include Mrs. Paul P. Austin, Mrs. 
Lawrence Archer, Miss Mary V. Beans, Mrs. Hannah Bean, 
Mrs. K. Bingham, Mrs. H. Branham, Mrs. Noble T. Biddle, 
Mrs. R. R. Bulmore, Mrs. J. K. Boyd, Mrs. W. Crites, Miss 
Agnes Carroll, Mrs. L. Haven, Mrs. J. W. Davy, College of 

102 Ten Years in Paradise. 

Notre Dame, Mrs. E. H. Guppy, Mrs. W. B. HiU, Mrs. W. 
B. Hobsoa, Mrs. A. T. Herrmann, Mrs. W. A. Henderson, 
Mrs. F. Hinklebein, Mrs. Ralph Hersey, Mrs. S. A. Jones, 
Mrs. T. E. Johnson, Mrs. William January, Mrs. F. K. Led- 
yard, Mrs. W. I<enzen, Mrs. W. J. Leet, Mrs. H. L. More- 
head, Mrs. C^ J. Martin, Mrs. Edward McLaughlin, Mrs. 
Margaret Ogier, Mrs. E. M. Rosenthal, Mrs. Frank R. 
Shafter, Mrs. I<eigh Richmond Smith, Mrs. H. M. Stammer, 
Mrs. Edward Williams, Miss Gertrude Trace, Mrs. Daniel 
Wright, Mrs. W. L. Woodrow, Mrs. A. E. Whelpley, Miss 
Annie Wilcox, Mrs. Charles A. Wayland, Mrs. J. H. Camp- 
bell, Mrs. J. L. Vanderwerker, Mrs. W. M. Beggs, Mrs. R. 
J. Langford, and Mrs. W. Postlewaite. 

While San Joseans are devoting much time to the pur- 
suit of knowledge and pleasure, they are not unmindful of 
the wards of the nation. The Indian Association has for 
its officers: Mrs. T. C. Edwards, President; Mrs. Robert J. 
Langford, Recording Secretary; Miss Cornelia Taber, Cor- 
responding Secretary'; Mrs. A. S. Bacon, Treasurer; Mrs. 

E. C. Kelsey, Auditor; with Mrs. A. C. Stevens of Pitts- 
burg, Mrs. John W. Dinsmore, Mrs. J. C. Faris, Mrs. Paul 
P. Austin, Mrs. David Starr Jordan, Vice-Presidents; Mrs. 
T. C. Edwards, Mrs. T. E. Beans, Mrs. Augustus Taber, 
Rev. H. C. Meredith, Mrs. A. S. Bacon, Rev. E. S. Wil- 
liams, Judge J. R. Lewis, Mrs. R. J. Langford, Mrs. Joel 
Bean, Mr. E. C. Kelsey, and Miss C. Taber, Directors. 

This organization has been doing excellent work in en- 
deavoring to elevate the Indians in the northern part of the 
State. The members are Mesdames William G. Alexander, 

F. L. Armstrong, E. K. Avery, Paul P. Austin, Andrew 
Bean, D. M. Barker, Joel Bean, Hannah Bean, T. EUard 
Beans, A. Barnheisel, C. D. Blaney, J. R. Whitney, E. L. 
Williams, George M. Bowman, S. L. Boardman, W. Ross, 
Si vert Shelley, A. Schultz, Mary B. Squires, A. C. Stevens, 
Augustus Taber, H. M. Tenney, Edward Williams, E. G, 
Williams, M. F. Williams, Sarah Haldan, S. Hickman, 
George Jones, Stephen A. Jones, J. H. Kelly, JaneLed- 
yard, F. K. Ledyard, L. C. Ledyard, Robert J. Langford. 

Charitable Orsanizations. 103 

E. A. Sander, J. R. Uwis, W. Miller, M. H. Myrick, Mary 
McCall, M. A. Malwell, R. Patterson, Thomas Pillow, James 
Bean, J. C. Black, N. Bowden, P. Corey, Benjamin Cory, 

F. A. Close, William M. Crites, S. J. Cobb, J. W. Dinsmore, 
J. S. Dennis, S. B. Hunkins, T. C. Edwards, A. Eaton, A. 
L. Evans, J. M. Gray, Emma Gunckel, Misses Sara Sev- 
erance, Edna Bowman, Cornelia Taber, Lucy Washburn, 
Mary Beans, Prances Beans, Rowena Beans, Edith Bam- 
heisel, Mary Buehren, Estelle Kiser, Mary Ledyard, Edith 
Parsons, Agnes Cushing, Jennie Farwell, and Ellen Frazer. 

Since the members of the Red Cross Society have been 
relieved from active work, they have been engaged in col- 
lecting books for the Soldiers' Library at Manila, for the 
Convalescent Home for soldiers at San Francisco, and for 
the Military Post at Monterey. The oflScersof this organi- 
zation are: Mrs. Charles J. Martin, President; Mrs. A. T. 
Herrmann, Vice-President; Mrs. B. C. Longdon, Secretary; 
Mrs. A. P. Murgotten, Financial Secretary; William Knox 
Beans, Bank of San Jose, Treasurer; Mrs. Charles J. Mar- 
tin, Mrs. B. C. Longdon, Mrs. S. H. Wagener, Mrs. A. T. 
Herrmann, Mrs. E. O. Smith, and Mr. A. P. Murgotten, 
Executive Committee. 

The Home of Benevolence is the oldest of the charitable 
institutions here. The object is to give a home to orphan 
children and to fit them to do their part in the battle of life. 
The directors are: Mrs. G. B. McKee, Mrs. S, A. Barker, 
Mrs. G. W. Towle, Mrs. P. P. Austin, Mrs. Edward Wil- 
liams, Mrs. H. D. Tuttle, Mrs. C. H. Walter, Mrs. H. Ed- 
wards, Mrs. E. H. Guppy, Mrs. B. Cochrane, Mrs. D. 
Henderson, Mrs. J. R. Curnow, Mrs. A. Wiley, Mrs. A. 
Stahmer, Mrs. A. T. Herrmann, Mrs. H. French. Mrs. S. 
H. Wagener, Mrs. H. Branham, Mrs. J. R. Kocher, Mrs. C. 
T. Park, Mrs. W. Simpson, Mrs. H. D. Matthews, Miss M. 
V. Beans, and Miss A.Wilcox. The officers include: Presi- 
dent, Mrs. G. B. McKee; Vice-President, Mrs. S. A. Bar- 
ker; Second Vice-President, Mrs. G. W. Towle; Recording 
Secretary, Mrs. Paul P. Austin; Financial Secretary, Mrs. 
M. McCulloch; Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. H. W. Ed- 

104 Ten Yean in Rnadise. 

wards; Treasurer, Mrs. Edward Williams; Auditing Com- 
mittee, Mrs. M. McCulloch, Mrs. A. Wiley, Mrs. H. D. 
Matthews; Trustees, Mrs. G. B. McKee, Mrs. S. A. Barker. 
Mrs. G. W. Towle, Mrs. P. P. Austin, Mrs. M. McCulloch, 
Mrs. Edward Williams, Mrs. H. W. Edwards, Mrs. H. D. 
Tuttle, Mrs. S. H. Wagener, Mrs. E. H. Guppy; Farm and 
Improvement Committee, Mrs. E. H. Guppy, Mrs. G. B. 
McKee, Mrs. S. H. Wagener; Admission and Dismissal, 
Mrs. H. Branham, and Mrs. B. Cochrane; Domestic Science, 
Mrs. G. W. Towle, Mrs. J. R. Kocher, Mrs. J. R. Cumow. 

About three years ago the Woman's Exchange was or- 
ganized for the purpose of assisting women who desire to 
earn a livelihood, and at the same time be able to remain at 
home and take care of their children, or attend to their 
household duties. At the Exchange, these women can find 
a market for nearly every article, either useful or orna- 
mental, which their deft fingers can fashion, and also for the 
tempting cakes, pies, and jellies which skillful cooks can 

The officers of this society are: President, Mrs. J. R. 
I<ewis; First Vice-President, Mrs. Ed. Williams; Second 
Vice-President, Mrs. John Dinsmore; Recording Secretary, 
Mrs. D. Denslow Brooks; Financial Secretary, Mrs. Ed. 
Campbell; Treasurer, Mrs. A. T. Herrmann. The standing 
committees are: Finance — Mesdames Lewis, Brooks, and 
Williams; Help — Mesdames Stephenson, Kocher, Branham; 
Printing — Mesdames Pash, Walter, Worswick; Art — Mes- 
dames Stern, Orvis, Booksin; Purchasing — Mesdames Dins- 
more, Newnham, Chambers; Entertainment — Mesdames 
Quilty, Dougherty, Shumate. The Board of Directors in- 
cludes Mesdames J. R. Lewis, Ed. Williams, John Dinsmore, 
Edward Campbell, D. Denslow Brooks, A. T. Herrmann, 
A. E. Shumate, E. E. Brownell, Henry Booksin, Sr., E. 
Chambers, W. P. Dougherty, H. A. Marckres, J. R. Kocher, 
G. B. Lumbard, H. Newnham, J. Pash, C. W. Quilty. Fred 
Stern, Charles Walter, G. D. Worswick, J. F. Stephen- 
son, Ina A. Orvis, W. C. Evans, Hattie Branham, C. J. 

A Trip Through the County. 

JNE of the handsome drives of the valley is along 
the Alameda, a broad thoroughfare graced on 
either side with elegant homes. In former days 
this was designated **The Shady Way,** as a 
triple row of large willow trees adorned the avenue. These 
were planted and cared for by the Mission Fathers, but they 
fell before the woodman's ax when the electric road was 

This road is three miles in length, and leads to the prosper- 
ous town of Santa Clara, which lies in a section famous for 
its fertility of soil and variety of productions. It is also 
connected with San Jose by two lines of railroads. The 
many comfortable and pretty homes embowered in roses, 
clematis, and other vines, and surrounded by lovely gardens, 
have gained for it the enviable name of **Home City." 

It is an important shipping point, and hundreds of car- 
loads of fruit are annually sent from here, as well as other 
products, including the output of the Eberhard tannery, 
and that of two woodworking factories. It is the seat of 
Santa Clara Mission, and many visitors come here to see the 
historic building. Adjoining the Mission is -Santa Clara 
College, conducted by the Jesuit Fathers. The college 
grounds cover ten acres of flat surface, and the large build- 
ings front on a well kept lawn adorned with palms, rare 
shrubs, and plants. About four years after the arrival of 
the Fathers, the State bestowed on this institution of learn- 
ing the title and the privileges of a university. It was founded 

106 Ten Years in Paradise. 

in 1851 by Rev. Father Nobili, and has grown to be a large 
college, giving a classical education equal to the best in 
America, or in Europe. It has the finest and most com- 
plete chemical and physical laboratories in the State, and a 
iinagnificent library of some seventeen thousand volumes. 
Students also receive a conmierdal training, fitting them to 
do their part successfully in the industrial life of the day. 
An academy, conducted by the Sisters of Notre Dame, a 
high school, which enjoys a fine reputation for scholarship, 
and grammar and primary schools, taught by able teachers, 
are sufficient proofs of the superior educational advantages 
of this town. 

Santa Clara society is also enjoyable, and has always 
been of a high standard, as the following sketch from the 
pen of an accomplished lady, who signs herself L. E. S., 
and who is the daughter of one of the pioneer residents, 
will show: 

''The Santa Clara College opened its doors to the student 
in 1851, and two years later the University of the Pacific 
began its career. About these two institutions the commu- 
nity interest centered, and all grew to depend upon them 
largely for entertainment. The three-story brick building 
of the University of the Pacific, where the young men at- 
tended, and in whose upper story the Archanian and Rhiz- 
onian societies were organized, has since been removed. 

''The open meetings of these societies were occasions of 
great moment, and no orators ever received more generous 
applause than did these young men. 

"The first class was graduated in 1858. It was a red 
letter day for Santa Clara, when the late Hon. Thomas H. 
Laine, loseph C. Hamer, lohn W. Owen, De Witt Vestal, 
Miss Hughes, and Miss Smith, took from the University of 
the Pacific the first diplomas of that institution. 

*'A stage had been erected and decorated at Cook's Orove, 
and upon this platform, beside the President of the Uni- 
versity, sat the sweet-faced Father Accolti, S. ]., of Santa 
Clara College. 

"A procession was a feature on all occasions. We 

A Trip Throt^h the Coiunty. 107 

marched to the grove every Fourth of July for years — ^boys 
aud girls and meu and Fire Department — to listen to 
orations and music. The twenty-second of February was 
as important as the Fourth, and was celebrated with as 
much zeal. Literary exercises, in honor of Washington^ 
were held by the University boys and girls in the old adobe 
M. £. Church, which has since been replaced by the present 
one. On this occasion the young ladies attending the 'B&> 
male Institute,' which still stands near the church, formed 
in order and awaited the coming of the young men, who, 
with light hearts marched gaily, keeping time to the mar*- 
tial music of the band. They would halt and form in two 
lines, and the girls with modest step would walk between 
these lines of self-conscious striplings, while their cheeks 
glowed with girlish shyness. The Santa Clara College ca- 
dets in their trim uniforms would also parade with fife and 
drum before the admiring gaze of all, and later take part in 
the literary exercises held at the college. 

^^Conunencement week of the Santa Clara College was a 
time when all planned to put every thing else aside and en- 
joy the program prepared for their entertainment. 

**On the college grounds there used to be a large gym- 
nasium in which a stage was improvised and seats, rude but 
comfortable, were arranged. Here ambitious tragedians in 
glittering armor, held spellbound the large crowds that peered 
over one another's heads to catch a sight of the brilliant 
scenes enacted by some who have since distinguished them- 
selves on the stage. If my memory serves me right, John 
T. Malone first faced an audience from the platform of this 

**Santa Clara young people of the present day have 
nothing to compare with the sport and pastime enjoyed by 
the youth in the fifties and sixties at Cook's Grove. Here 
a pond, with row boats and romantic shaded banks, at*- 
tracted young, spoony couples to sail on its placid waters. 
John Cook, the hospitable proprietor, would, during th^e 
season, often fill cabbage leaves with luscious strawberries, 
which were very rare then, and present them to the young 

108 Ten Years in Paradise. 

folks to enjoy while they glided about upon the waters. 

** Another favorite resort was known as Morse's, where, 
I believe, the first garden of roses was planted. Mr. Morse 
was generous with his roses, and many *May Queens' have 
been crowned at his place. 

**The old Cameron House, which was one of the early 
hotels of the valley, was often crowded with people from 
San Francisco, and travelers from elsewhere. It stood 
where the building of the Citizens' Bank now stands. John 
Cameron, the typical landlord, often opened his house for a 
grand ball, when, for miles around, the dancing element 
came. These were brilliant affairs. The fashionable gown 
for the ball-room was of tarleton, with short sleeves and low 
neck, summer or winter. Among the belles at those parties 
I have heard so many times the names of the beautiful Miss 
Olivier Echols, Miss Malvina Davis, the Misses Hazleton, 
the Misses Bascom, the Misses Chandler, and the Misses 
Caldwell, — a fairer set of girls never graced a ball-room. I 
must mention the Misses Hester, daughters of Judge Hes- 
ter, whose^home on the Alameda has long ago been removed. 
Few names of the beaux are suggested, among them being 
O. Thompson, Charley Healy. Dan Travis, Abe Withrow, 
and the late Judge Dennis Herrington. 

**The singing school had its day with us, also. Mr. and 
Mrs. Hamm came every week, and the *do, re, mi,' was 
taught with great vigor. The first teacher of the pianoforte 
in the Institute, which has since developed into the Con- 
servatory of Music at the University of the Pacific, was 
Professor James A. Lawrie, who soon left the Institute, and 
was, for many years, the efficient teacher at Santa Clara 

'*The old fashioned spelling school, where Mrs. Louisa 
Smith, on one accasion, spelled down the long line of spell- 
ers, also afforded much amusement. 

**The most elaborate entertainment ever undertaken and 
successfully carried through, was the one given just before 
the close of the Civil War, for the benefit of the Sanitary 
Commission. A grand street parade, including Colonel 


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A Trip Through the County. 109 

Jackson's military company, General McValFs cavalry, the 
Santa Clara College Cadets, the fire companies, and music, 
brought every farmer from far and near *to town.' At the 
close there was a grand ball, and the treasurer had the 
pleasure of handing a good sum over to the Commission." 

The Santa Clara of to-day is fortunate in its delightful 
social atmosphere, for here are improvement clubs, literary 
societies, reading circles, book, dancing, card, baseball, foot- 
ball, and bicycle clubs, and numerous other asssociations, 
which offer to ladies and gentlemen, young and old, num- 
berless opportunities for instruction and pleasure. 

The Shakespeare Club was organized about ten years 
ago, many of the original members being graduates of the 
Chautauqua Circle. The club meets every two weeks on 
Tuesday, at the home of one of the members, and while it 
devotes much of its energy to the study of Shakespeare, 
some time is also given to the discussion of other topics. 
Mrs. David Henderson, who had been the efficient president 
for several years, was compelled, on account of illness in her 
family, to resign a few months ago, and Mrs. F. A. Rankin 
was elected President. The other officers are: Mrs. M. F. 
Houlton, Vice-President; Mrs. Clara Kuhl, Secretary, and 
Mrs. E. Alden, Treasurer. The other members are: Mrs. 
John Fatjo, Mrs. T. Gallup, Mrs. H. W. George, Mrs. L. 
B. Garrigus, Mrs. A. F. Harlow, Mrs. E. A. Jordan, Mrs. 
S. Hitchborn, Miss Julia Lauck, Mrs. S. Oberdeener, Mrs. 
L. A. Offield, Mrs. J. W. Paul, Miss Steams, Mrs. M. South- 
worth, Miss Starr, Mrs. J. Steinhardt, Mrs. W. Wadams, 
Mrs. Louis Fatjo, Mrs. D. A. Seattle, Mrs. Mason, Mrs. 
Ada Kington, Mrs. I. Herrington, Mrs. J. M. Greenleaf, 
Mrs. C. Gage, Mrs. Chester Barlow, Mrs. H. C. Meyers, 
Mrs. Emmet McQuoid, Mrs. W. W. Blanchard, Mrs. Hugh 
Center, and Mrs. H. E. Milnes. The honorary members are: 
Mrs. F. A. Rankin, Mrs. A. P. Anderson, Mrs. C. C. Morse, 
Mrs. M. A. Sanders, Miss Julia Sanders, Mrs. Albert Har- 
ris, Mrs. H. Pettit, Mrs. A. Butler, Mrs. Kimble, Mrs. R. L. 
Higgins, Mrs. J. McKinley, and Mrs. David Henderson. 

The Santa Clara Commercial League is a prosperous 

110 Ten Years in Paradise. 

and progressive association, whose membership includes 
nearly all the men in the town. Its officers are: R. B. Roll, 
President; Dr. A. E. Osborne, Vice-President; Emil O. 
Hirsch, Secretary; Louis F. Duncan, Treasurer; and its 
Board of Directors include: R. B. Roll, J. C. McPherson, J. 
C. Morrison, H. J. Alderman, C. A. Nace, M. M. Dugdell, 
Dr. A. E. Osborne, A. F. Killam, M. Vargas, J, W. Black, 
E. F. Jordan, and Francis A. Quinn. 

The Columbia Chautauqua Literary and Scientific Circle 
meets once every week. Mrs. H. W. George is President; 
Mrs. I. Herrington, Vice-President; Miss Julia Lauck, 
Treasurer and Secretary. The honorary members are: Dr. 
Eli McClish, Mrs. E. J. Dawson, Mrs. Esther G. Hender- 
son, Mrs. L. V. Garrigus, Mrs. R. L. Higgins; while the 
active members include: Mrs. J. M. Billings, Mrs. Emma 
Butler, Mrs. L. V. Garrigus, Mrs. Phoebe Hamilton, Mrs. 
W. J. Hay wards, Mrs. F. C. Franck, Mrs. C. Leaf, Mrs. H. 
C. Meyers, Mrs. Emma Oberdeener, Mrs. S. Raney, Mrs. L. 
W. Starr, Mrs. Fred Stelling, Mrs. J. Steinhardt, Mrs. Fred 
Tantau, Mrs. O. Tucker, Mrs. R. V. Withrow, Mrs. Jennie 
Wilcox, Mrs. Mattie Anderson, Miss M. Lena Lauck, Miss 
Sarah Morrison, Miss Bessie Woodhams, Miss Nora Fassett, 
and Miss Gertrude Field. 

After passing Santa Clara, the road runs into the country, 
and about seven or eight miles toward the northwest along 
this road leading to San Francisco, is Lawrence Station, and 
near it Murphy's Station. Here is the home of Hon. B. D. 
Murphy, whose father, Martin Murphy, was one of the best 
known of the pioneer settlers. In 1850 he built the firsts 
house in this section, and here, for years, on his magnificent 
ranch of several hundred acres, this great-hearted pioneer and 
his amiable wife dispensed the most generous hospitality. 

The day of thousand acre farms, however, has passed 
away, and the large tracts of land formerly owned by the 
Murphys, have been divided into small farms, and homes 
have sprung up as if by magic; orchards are seen on every 
side, and Sunnyvale is the name which this prosperous sec- 
tion bears. 

A Trip Through the County. Ill 

A dozen miles further on this road is Mountain View. 
This was one of the earliest settlements in the valley, and is 
situated in the warm belt, which is favorable to the pro- 
duction of figs, olives, apricots, and prunes. 

This part of the country slopes gradually from the bay 
to the foothills, and here are planted large tracts in vine- 
yards, for so fertile is the soil that grapes flourish in un- 
rivaled luxuriance. On every side are seen beautiful homes, 
surrounded by choice blossoms and shaded by grand old 
oaks, which have stood for centuries. 

After leaving this delightful spot, we come to the city of 
Mayfield, a pleasant place a few miles from Stanford Uni- 
versity. Many fine ranches and pretty country homes are 
to be seen, and after passing them, the road leads on to San 
Francisco through the last town in Santa Clara County, 
Palo Alto, which lies about seventeen miles from San Jose. 
This village is situated in a growth of grand live oak trees, 
which add greatly to the beauty of the place. These trees 
dot the entire valley, forming one of its distinctive features, 
and are much admired by visitors. The southern arm of 
San Francisco Bay is only three miles east of the town, 
while about five miles to the west stand the Santa Cruz 
Mountains, two thousand feet in elevation. Gently rising 
foothills skirt these mountains and add to the picturesque 

The weather here is always delightful. The mean an- 
nual temperature, based upon records covering a period of 
twenty-three years, and taken from the data of the S. P. 
R. R. Co., is 57. 7^ The coldest month is January, with a 
mean temperature of 47.3°, and the warmest month is July, 
with a mean temperature of 67.7°. 

Everywhere are found wild flowers in profusion, espe- 
cially the gorgeous California poppy, called by the Span- 
iards **coup d'ore," or cup of gold. 

Just east of the town are the extensive seed farms of 
Sloan & Son, where great quantities of vegetable seeds are 
raised and shipped to all parts of the country. 

The visitors to Palo Alto are always impressed by the 

112 Ten Years in Paradise. 

beauty of the homes, embowered in roses and climbing vines, 
and surrounded by grounds adorned with palms and other 
semi-tropical trees and shrubs. The houses furnish an end- 
less variety of styles, and serve to educate observers in 
architectural effects. They are substantial structures, the 
average cost of each being about three thousand dollars. 

This town came into existence as the result of the found- 
ing of the Leland Stanford Jr. University. Many hundred 
thousands of dollars have been expended in business and 
residence buildings. It has a municipal water system and 
an electric lighting plant. Its nearness to San Francisco 
makes it a desirable suburban residence place. It has fine 
schools, and all liquor traffic is prohibited by town laws. 

The society here is considered perfect, the town having 
its full quota of literary, civic, and social clubs. 

The Woman's Club is, perhaps, the largest, and this 
was established in 1894, and joined the Federation in 1898. 
The past presidents are: Mrs. K. L. Campbell, Mrs. K. K. 
Hutchinson, Mrs. M. B. Culver, Mrs. S. A. Dyer, Mrs. H. 
M. Parkinson, and the present Board of Managers consists 
of Mrs. C. H. Gilbert, President; Mrs. H. M. Parkinson, 
Vice-President-at-large; Mrs. Annie Zschokke, First Vice- 
President; Mrs. D. L. Sloan, Second Vice-President; Mrs. J. 
Lynn, Third Vice-President; Mrs. E. La Peire, Recording 
Secretary; Mrs. Olive Dodge, Corresponding Secretary; 
Mrs. M. E. Weishaar, Treasurer. The club is divided into 
departments, with Mrs. J. S. Wathy at the head of the 
Home and Household Economics; Mrs. Van A. Wallace, 
chairman of Education and Science; Mrs. J. E. Matzke in 
charge of Philanthropy; Mrs. C. K. Raber and her commit- 
tee are doing splendid work along the lines of Art and Lit- 
erature; Mrs. G. B. Ford guides the Library Section; and 
Mrs. Mary Roberts Smith is the efficient head of Village 
Improvement. The members are: Mrs. Annette M. Allen, 
Mrs. Lillian B. Allen, Mrs. J. F. Byxbee, Mrs. Eva F. Bell, 
Mrs. Carrie G. Brown, Mrs. Abbie F. Bowles, Mrs. S. K. 
Bradford, Mrs. Isabel Bartruff, Mrs. Abbie Beal, Mrs. L. 
Braunschweiger, Mrs. E. M. Bayse, Mrs. Grace M. Bray, 

■ ,ii:::t l:?V^.|;,,- ,'il,l 1 ,1 

^^^^HI^SV Hffi^H^k^ ^^^U^^U 

A Trip Through the County. 113 

Mrs. E. E. Balcomb, Mrs. S. A. Dyer, Mrs. Olive Dodge, 
Mrs. B. M. Dean, Mrs. L. A. Dudfield, Mrs. C. W. Decker. 
Mrs. L. D. Emerson, Mrs. D. V. Fuller, Mrs. Geraldine 
Prisbee, Mrs. M. Featherstone, Mrs. C. H. Gilbert, Mrs. E. 
Greenleaf, Mrs. K. Gillman, Mrs. Alice Gibson, Mrs. C. G. 
Gordon, Mrs. A. A. Gossett, Dr. C. Guild, Mrs. B. F. Hall, 
Mrs. L. B. Holly, Mrs. J. A. Hosmer, Mrs. E. C. Hughes, 
Mrs. I. Harris, Mrs. Harrell, Miss F. Heywood, Mrs. L. T. 
Joss, Mrs. C. E. Kemp, Miss E. Kellogg, Mrs. E. Loder, 
Mrs. R. F. Leake, Mrs. C. Layes, Mrs. J. Lynn, Mrs. M. A. 
Lakin, Mrs. A. La Peire, Mrs. J. J. Morris, Mrs. N. E. 
Malcolm, Mrs. E. M. Mellen, Mrs. D. McCartney, Mrs. J. 
Mcintosh, Mrs. M. Newlands, Mrs. C. Pitman, Mrs. B. 
Parkinson, Mrs. George Parkinson, Mrs. J. F. Parkinson, 
Mrs. M. G. Gosebrook, Mrs. S. Ritchie, Mrs. C. K. Raber, 
Mrs. J. W. Roller, Mrs. M. H. Smith, Mrs. S. L. Strong, 
Mrs. D. L. Sloan, Mrs. J. E. Sloan, Mrs. M. B. Stevens, 
Mrs. M. Soule, Mrs. F. W. Sherman, Dr. N. Selling, Mrs. 
E. Soper, Mrs. J. Scroggs, Mrs. W. E. Sheldon, Mrs. H. W. 
Thoborn, Mrs. H. Tourny, Mrs. F. Taylor, Mrs. M. A. 
Tetro, Mrs. C. W. Thompson, Mrs. A. F. Thompson, Mrs. 
E. B. Towne, Mrs. Mabel Varney, Mrs. Abbie Vallette, 
Mrs. Harriet Woods, Mrs. M. E. Weisshaar, Mrs. A. Wor- 
rell, Mrs. J. S. Wathy, Mrs. Van A. Wallace, and Mrs. 
Annie Zschokke. 

The University is the magnet which draws thousands of 
tourists to Palo Alto. It was founded November 14, 1885, 
by Senator and Mrs. Leland Stanford in memory of their son, 
who died in March, 1884, and is world famous on account of 
its large endowment fund of thirty millions, greater than 
that of any other college in the world. The general archi- 
tectural effect is that of the old Spanish Moorish style. The 
buildings are constructed of buff sandstone, the principal 
feature being the inner quadrangle, an open court five hun- 
dred and eighty- six feet long by two hundred and forty-six 
feet wide, surrounded by a continuous arcade of twelve 
buildings. There is an outer row of buildings which in- 
cludes a memorial arch, the largest architectural work in the 

114 Ten Years in P^nradise. 

world, except the Arc de Trlomphe in Paris. This per- 
fectly proportioned structure is one hundred feet in height, 
eighty-five feet in width, and thirty-six feet in depth. The 
most striking feature of the arch is the frieze, which is an 
allegorical representation of the progress of the world from 
the earliest historical times to the present. It is said to be 
the most perfect example of sculptural art executed in mod- 
em times. 

Other points of interest are the museum, the gymnasium, 
and libraries, but the grandest building is the Memorial 
Church, which cost over a half million dollars. Its art 
glass windows, its carved work, its sculpture, its mosaics 
and paintings, and its superb pipe organ are all worthy of 
the building itself. 

The southern end of the valley has for its chief business 
center the thriving city of Gilroy, which lies on the line of 
the Southern Pacific between San Jose and Los Angeles. It 
is a solid and substantially built city, with well made yet un- 
pretentious business houses, spacious dwellings, neat cot- 
tages, green lawns, and broad and graveled streets. 

Its people are progressive, and the efficient Board of 
Trade, of which J. W. Thayer is President; George T. Dun- 
lap, Vice-President; L. A. Whitehurst, Treasurer; and J. A. 
Milnes, Secretary, works incessantly to build up the city 
and tributary country. 

The soil is exceedingly fertile, and yields annually a 
wealth of produce. It is adapted to almost everything 
which grows. The land north of the city is a light colored 
loam, while east and south is a black alluvial deposit, the 
very best vegetable and fruit land. The climate is unsur- 
passed, as the mean temperature, based upon records cover- 
ing twenty-seven years, is 58.4*^. July and August are the 
warmest months, with mean temperature of 68.8*^ and 67.9*^ 
respectively; and the coldest month is January, with a mean 
temperature of 46.5*^. The rainy season extends from Oc- 
tober to April, and the average annual precipitation, from 
1874 to 1900, inclusive, was 19.55 inches. 

In this vicinity is the immense seed farm of the Morse 

A Trip Through the County. 115 

Company, which was organized by the pioneer seed grower, 
C. C. Morse, and which is now conducted by his son, Lester 
L. Morse. 

The sight presented by hundreds of acres of choice 
plants in full bloom, is one never to be forgotten. Flowers 
of one shade are grown in separate rows, and the strips ran 
thousands of feet into the distance. One color follows the 
other, until every hue known to flowerdom is presented. 
Along the road near this seed farm are found large stock 
ranches, as well as orchards and grain fields. Oil and 
asphaltum are also found in several places about Gilroy. 

At San Felipe, near by, is situated the Culp Tobacco 
ranch, where tobacco is raised in all the luxuriance of a 
Virginia plantation, and the corn fields here are equal, if 
not superior, to those of Egypt in its **seven years of 
plenty." Here are also the famous cattle ranches of the 
Coe Brothers and JamesDunne. The hamlets l3dng between 
San Jose and Gilroy are San Martin, Rucker, and Morgan 
Hill. They are all picturesque places laid out on the gently 
rising foot-hills, and are surrounded by some of the finest 
ranches in the county. On the same road, but only about 
five miles from San Jose, is the station of Eden Vale, which 
is the home of many prosperous farmers. In a fine tract of 
highly cultivated orchard, stands the residence of Mrs. Mary 
Hayes-Chynoweth, whose deeds ofkindly charity and whose 
noble work in the cause of suffering humanity have made>^ 
her name a household word. 

Another fine drive is the road leading to the north to 
Berryessa. This part of the valley is set out principally in 
apricots, peaches, and prunes, and has attained much promi- 
nence as a fruit section. 

Here is situated the Flickinger cannery, which is one of 
the largest establishments for preserving fruit in the State, 
and which has gained international fame for the fine quality 
of its canned goods. 

Leaving this fertile spot, one may take the broad road 
which leads by many prosperous country places and grassy 
meadows to Milpitas. This little settlement, about eight 

116 Ten Years in Paradise. 

miles from the county seat, although consisting of only a few 
stores and a post-office, is a shipping point for much of the 
produce raised on the nearby farms. For gardening there 
is no more favored section in California than this, and from 
the Milpitas depot are shipped large quantities of peas, 
potatoes, beans, and asparagus. 

A winding road leads from Milpitas to Alviso. The last 
named place is situated on the San Francisco Bay, and is 
the port from which a steamer makes daily trips to San 
Francisco, carrying passengers and freight. In summer, 
the bay near Alviso is dotted with white sails of the yachts 
which are owned by the enthusiastic sailors of the South 
Bay Yacht Club. 

In this county the number of attractive towns is so large 
and the roads leading to each are so well kept, that the owner 
of a horse or bicycle is tempted to try them all, but, perhaps, 
one of the most popular highways is that which runs to 
4. Los Gatos. Every day there is a continuous procession of 
vehicles to this pretty place nestled in the foot-hills of the 
Santa Cruz Mountains on the southwestern edge of the 

The town is built on both sides of the Los Gatos creek, 
and a picturesque arched bridge on Main street connects the 
two sections. It is a magnificent fruit raising district, and 
the slopes are terraced with vineyards and orchards. The 
curing, packing, and canning of fruits, and the manufacture 
of wines are the principal industries, although all trades 
and professions are well represented. Los Gatos is Con- 
nected with San Francisco, San Jose, and Santa Cruz by 
both the narrow and broad gauge lines of the Southern 
Pacific Company, and much shipping is done. This town 
can boast of three large up-to-date hotels, six prosperous 
churches, three grammar school buildings, and an excellent 
High School. 

The atmosphere here is clear and balmy, and the temper- 
ature rarely registers above eighty degrees, or below freezing 
point. The average annual precipitation is about thirty-two 


A Trip Through the County. 117 

A few miles distant is Saratoga, one of the most rural 
and delightful places in the valley. It is located in the 
thermal or warm belt, and within its charmed circle all sorts 
of semi-tropical plants and trees thrive — orange, lemon, 
lime, magnolia, and palm, besides all varieties of deciduous 
fruit trees. 

About two miles from this little town are situated the ex- 
tensive buildings and plant of the Sorosis Fruit Company, 
with Mr. F. W. Crandall as manager. The floor space of 
the buildings covers about one and one-eighth acres, and 
last season the company shipped four hundred and fifty car 
loads of dried fruits. 

In the spring time, when Nature clothes the orchards of 
the valley and the hillsides in their holiday attire, a more 
beautiful sight can not be imagined, and it is the custom of 
the enterprising citizens of Saratoga to hold annually a 
Blossom Festival and present a program of appropriate 
exercised. Great crowds of tourists on these occasions come 
to enjoy a perfect day in the country; to breathe the per- 
fumed air, and to gaze on the bewildering scene of floral 




Places Where Everyone Delights to Linger. 

(INCB we came to this valley we have found many 
interesting and instructive points to visit. When 
we desired to learn of the life in the Mexican 
times, we had only to go to Mission Santa 
Clara and contemplate the relics and pictures. The old 
church is still standing, as is also the venerable cross before 
which thousands of Indians knelt to receive the benediction 
of the Mission Fathers. This Mission was established Janu* 
ary 12, 1777, and is the best preserved of all the California 
Missions. It has been restored as much as possible to its 
original appearance, and is now used as a parish church, 
but around it the spirit of the past yet enwraps a soft halo 
of poetry and religion which the people of this valley can 
not afiford to lose. The impress of Spanish- American life 
still lingers, and one can hear yet the echo of adabodos and 
litanies chanted by the padres. 

When our attention was directed to the natural resources 
of the county, we instinctively turned toward the New Al- 
maden quicksilver mines. These mines, which are the 
largest in the United States, and the second largest in the 
world, are famous for yielding more mercury than any mines 
outside of the old Almaden of Spain. They can be reached 
after a delightful drive of seventeen miles in a southerly 
direction along a winding road, shaded here and there by 
giant sycamores. Near these mines the mountains are very 
beautiful, and the range on the western side is crowned by 
two peaks, which stand like sentinels guarding the treasure 

120 Ten Years in Paradise. 

buried in their sides. The works can be visited and are 
very interesting, as the process of quicksilver reduction is 
different from that of any other kind of smelting. 

Whether interested in science or merely a sightseer, Lick 
Observatory is the Mecca of all tourists who visit California, 
and we, of course, could not miss it. This astronomical 
institution was founded by a California philanthropist, 
James Lick, and the corner stone was laid on June 30, 1883. 
It is situated on the summit of Mount Hamilton, a peak in 
the Coast Range, and its white buildings and domes, shining 
against the blue sky, can be seen from almost any point in 
the valley. The road to the summit is about twenty-six 
miles in length, and surpasses any other mountain road in 
the State. It was built at a cost to the county of eighty-five 
thousand dollars, and the grade was so carefully planned, 
that until Smith Creek is reached, the rise is only seven feet 
in a hundred. In order to secure this grade it was neces- 
sary to wind along the hillsides and make many sharp turns, 
but the avenue is so wide and the road bed so smooth, that 
the most timid person need not be afraid, whether the trip 
is made in a coach, carriage, or automobile. 

Turning from Alum Rock Avenue, the road begins to 
ascend the foothills, and as we travel up the western slope 
of the first range, the beautiful Santa Clara Valley below 
appears in all its grandeur. Along the crests of the hills 
the view widens; the Coast Ranges of mountains form the 
background, and San Jose is spread out like a map, sur- 
rounded by cultivated ranches, lovely stretches of woodland, 
orchards, vineyards, gardens, and villages. The way as- 
cends and descends another range, and passes through the 
charming spot known as Hall's Valley. 

About noon we reached Smith Creek, a lovely resting 
and lunching place. Here is a stream filled with trout, and 
many visitors spend not only days but weeks as guests at 
^ the San Ysabel Hotel. It is now only seven miles to the 
mountain top, but these miles are steeper, and require at 
least two hours. We, however, were unmindful of the 
time, as the views, so magnificent, were constantly changing. 










Places Where Everyone Delights to Linger. 121 

It has been said that from this summit more of the earth's 
surface can be seen, and a grander view of the heavens ob- 
tained, than from any other place. Whether this statement 
be true or false, it is an undisputed fact that, on account of 
the clear air and lack of atmospheric disturbances, more 
nights are favorable for observation than are known else- 

The records of temperature, covering a period of twelve 
years, show the mean annual temperature to be 52°. The 
coldest month is January, with a mean temperature of 39.7°, 
and the warmest manth is July, with a mean temperature 
of 69.4°. 

Rain falls every month in the year, but in July and 
August the showers are light and infrequent. The mean 
annual precipitation is thirty-two inches. 

On Saturday nights the professors constitute a reception 
committee, and visitors are privileged to look through the 
large telescope, although at all times strangers are admitted 
and shown through the buildings by some of the attendants. 

On the road to the observatory are many shady hollows, 
where game abounds, and sparkling streams where the 
angler delights to tarry. Indeed, these mountains are fa- 
vorite resorts for the sportsman, because he who enjoys 
fishing and hunting can find numerous sequestered places 
where the fish always bite, and deer, quail, and other game 
are plentiful. 

But blessed as this county is with delightful retreats for 
the sportsman, none are more popular than the Uvas and 
Llagas Creeks in the foot-hills. To both these lead broad 
and well kept roads, shaded by noble trees, spared as yet by 
the woodman's hand. On either side, streams from the 
mountains furnish delight to the angler, and whether the 
drive is by way of famous New Almaden, or through the 
broad valley of San Martin into the plateau of Paradise ^ 
Valley, all nature, in its wild voluptuousness, stirs the senses 
of the traveler. 

In the lylagas the hostelry of Vic Poncelet, a typical 

122 Ten Years in Paradise. 

V ) "Mountain Home," is the resting place for the weary, and 
'''-'"'^ the favorite resort for the sportsman. 

At the head of the Uvas is found the resort of Host 
x^ Martin, whose hospitality has long been the theme of 
praise. In this territory, bounded by everflowing streams, 
numbers of cosy cottages have been erected, and here it is 
that **far from the madding crowd," many San Joseans 
spend the summer. Among those thus favored are: Judge 
William G. lyorigan, John D. Mackenzie, Victor A. Schel- 
ler, William A. Bowden, Edward Clayton, and Victor 
' ^ gauhape. The chief delight of these and of others is found 
in the splendid fishing and, if from possible weariness, the 
catch is not as large as it should be, the ubiquitous **Span- 
ish boy" is ever ready to fill the basket of fish * we caught." 

In the Santa Cruz foot-hills is a resort which equals any 
other in the county for beauty. It is Congress Springs, and 
in this place, surrounded by hills, where laughing mountain 
streams bubble along, is located a commodious and up-to-date 
hotel, which is always filled, for those who come are so en- 
raptured with the sylvan dells and powerful and beneficial 
waters, which bring back health and vigor to the weary 
and nerve wrecked denizen of the bustling city, that the 
stay which was first only for days lengthens into weeks. 

The water is celebrated as a remedy in cases of dyspepsia 
and rheumatism, and it is also popular as a refreshing bev- 
erage. Its analysis is: chloride of sodium, 119.159; sul- 
phate of soda, 12.140; carbonate of soda, 123.351; carbonate 
of iron, 14.030; carbonate of lime, 17.295; silicia, alumina, 
with traces of magnesia, 49.882. 

Gilroy Hot Springs is another health resort. These 
/ springs are situated in the mountains about twelve miles 
from Gilroy. The waters are strongly impregnated with 
sulphur, and issue from the mountains at a temperature of 
one hundred and five degrees. A large hotel is located here, 
and it is a favorite place for those suffering with rheumatism. 

In the same vicinity, only about five miles from Gilroy, 
and environed by gently sloping hills, are the Madrone Soda 
Springs, whose waters also possess medicinal value. 

Places Where Everyone Delights to Linger. 123 

About ten miles west of San Jose is the Azule Spring, ^ 
so widely known on account of the great demand for its 
water, which is shipped to all parts of the country. It con- 
tains carbonic acid, chloride of sodium, magnesium, potas- 
sium, and carbonate of magnesia, of soda, and of lime. 

Another spot dear to the hearts of both residents and 
visitors, is the ever beautiful canyon of Alum Rock. Here 
we spent days, delightfully rusticating under the wide 
spreading trees, breathing the pure mountain air, and 
tasting the mineral waters, which spring so bountifully 
from the hillsides. No spot is more accessible, as one can 
choose between going on foot, on horseback, in an automo- 
bile, in a carriage, on a bicycle, or on the electric cars. 

The road, for part of the way, is the same which leads 
to Mount Hamilton, and is a broad, well kept thoroughfare, 
lined on either side with trees, and leading up and down 
over several hills. From the highest of these a splendid 
view can be had; on one side the valley is seen lying in all 
its beauty. Turning round, a deep gorge is revealed, en- 
closed by rugged mountain sides, some parts bare, some 
parts covered with shrubs and oak trees. The road from 
here winds along by the side of a bubbling brook, the Peni- 
tencia Creek, until the park is reached. This grand reser- 
vation is owned by the City of San Jose, and consists of a 
tract of four hundred acres in the foot-hills, eight miles east 
of the city limits. 

It is the delight of many who visit this retreat, to sit 
under the trees, and while listlessly watching the crowd pass 
to and fro, rest their weary brains and shattered nerves; 
while others like to climb for wild flowers and ferns; others 
delight to follow the stream to its source, and see the two 
waterfalls several hundred feet in height, which, after the 
winter rains, have quite a volume of water; while still 
others go only to enjoy the baths. 

It is not alone the beauty of this enchanting rural retreat 
which makes it worthy of mention, but also the numerous 
mineral waters, which are its chief attraction. These re- 
markable waters seem to possess the rejuvenating qualities 

124 Ten Years in Paradise. 

usually ascribed to the fabulous * 'Fountain of Youth/* and 
are recommended for kidney and stomach troubles, rheuma- 
tism, and malarial affections. The following well known 
San Jose physicians, George W. Seifert, A. McMahon, J. 
McMahon, J. R. Curnow, H. J. B. Wright, W. D. McDou- 
gall, J. E. Trueman, J. Underwood Hall, W. E. Keith, P. 
M. Lusson, and H. B. Gates, have tested them and found 
them to be very beneficial. 

It is curious to note the variety of mineral springs found 
so near together. There are hot and cold sulphur and 
magnesia springs, as well as mixtures of sulphur, soda, 
magnesia, arsenic, and iron, all of which are unequalled for 
their strength and beneficial effects. Baths may be supplied 
from nearly all of them, as there is an abundance of water, 
and these baths, which are both hot and cold, are recom- 
mended for the alleviation of almost every phase of physical 
ailment. Here, too, is found a public sulphur bath, one of 
the largest in the United States. This plunge is roofed 
with glass, and filled with natural sulphur water, pumped 
directly into the tank from numerous tunnels in the moun- 

This city annually devotes sums of money to improving 
and ornamenting this resort, through a Board of Commis- 
sioners including Mr. Harry J. Edwards, Mr. F. D. Hatman, 
Mr. A. H. Marten, Mr. E. T. Sterling, and Dr. T. A. 

At all seasons it is the favorite rendezvous for the old 
and young, the grave and gay, and on Sunday it is crowded 
with all kinds of vehicles, from the stylish turnout with 
liveried coachman to the rattling cart or comfortable family 
carriage, the occupants all seeking rest and recreation in 
this ideal spot. A half hour's ride on the electric car along 
a beautiful road and by fine olive orchards is a pleasant 
way of reaching this **Garden of Delights.'* Rustic arbors, 
seats, and swings, invite one to rest in the cool shade, while 
electric lights illuminate the park, making an agreeable 
place on summer evenings. 

The hand of man has added to its natural attractions a 

Places Where Everyone Delights to Linger. 125 

paddock with several deer, and a large aviary filled with 

It was a sotirce of great interest to us to watch a pretty 
romance, which was enacted here during one entire season. 
Joy, sorrow, love, fear, crushed ambition, and unfulfilled 
hopes each played a part, and a no less serious one because 
the scene was laid in the aviary, and the participants were 
a canary bird and a linnet. The affair dates back to early 
spring, through the forbidden apertures of a cold, gray, 
wire netting, when a little brown linnet saw and admired a 
certain canary. In a language of his own he made known 
to her his feelings, and she, after coquetting awhile, and 
listening to the songs of other wooers, began to respond to 
his overtures, now grown more fervid. Wherever she 
would fly, alighting on the wire, there he would meet her 
on the other side, and thrusting their little bills through the 
opening would kiss in a shockingly human way. Their 
favorite cooing station was a perch, the end of which ex- 
tended outside the canary enclosure. On this, close up to 
the wire, would Mr. Linnet sit, while Miss Canary occupied 
a similar position on the other side. Here they would 
chirp and twitter, and who shall say they were not talking? 
By and by home-making occupied her attention, and she 
chose for a nest one near their favorite perch. While he 
could not materially aid in home building, he fluttered 
around, and did a great deal of directing, another human 
characteristic. After a time she settled down to the serious 
responsibility of family raising; he, meanwhile, lightening 
the hours as best he could by singing his modest little song 
to her. All went well until the last rain came. Through 
the preceding cold days, she had faithfully covered her 
featherless birdlings, but when the rain came down she told 
him that that was really too much to expect of her, and 
forthwith she sought cover in the little glass house. There 
might have been a tragic ending to this narrative but for 
the timely appearance of the gardener's wife, who, true to 
the maternal instinct, rescued the waifs, wrapped them in 
cotton, placed them under the kitchen stove, and when the 

126 Ten Years in Paradise. 

sun shone again, returned them to the nest, whereupon the 
mother bird again assumed the care and training of her 

One day, while sitting in front of the aviary at Alum 
Rock, thinking this pretty story over, our attention was at- 
tracted by familiar voices, and we caught the conversation 
of two ladies, which so much interested us, that involuntar- 
ily we drew our seats a trifle closen and while apparently 
watching the birds we listened eagerly to every word, for 
San Jose and the adjacent valley were the theme. As we 
looked at the ladies we began to feel that we had met them 
before, and during the course of their chat we knew when 
and where. 

''My dear Mrs. Worth, I cannot yet settle it about our 
meeting here and now. We keep running against some of 
our party at odd times and in odd places, but I fancied 
from not seeing you, that you and your good husband had 
gone back to your old home and renounced the dolce far 
nunte of California life,'' was the first sentence that we 

"The old home?" said Mrs. Worth. "Not a bit of it. 
William Worth knows when he is is well off, and wherever 
he is well, the rest of us are happy. Why, did you not 
know we had actually settled here to spend the balance of 
our days? And from present indications, the number will 
be long, but when you see my husband you will cease to 
wonder at our decision.'* 

"You don't mean it; give up Philadelphia, your old 
friends, and just live here like a native son and daughter? 
That is odd, but I believe there is something in California 
air that enslaves men. We met some of our friends one 
morning in Santa Barbara, and they told us they had de- 
cided to locate there; and I believe if we climbed Mount 
Shasta, we'd run across others who would be equally enam- 
ored of life in that region, but I cannot yet reconcile the 
idea of your shunning the attraction of a great metropolitan 
city and settling down." 

"Just wait till Mr. Worth calls for me, and your wonder 

Places Where Everyone Delights to Linger. 127 

will cease. You know when we came out here he was a 
walking shadow, bent, nervous, irritable, almost broken 
down; now he is fat, brown, strong, and hearty, and it is 
Santa Clara County air which has been his best medicine." 

"Thrown physics to the dogs, eh?" queried Mrs. Curi- 
osity, **and got well on air/* 

*'Well, you know that in Philadelphia he was a slave to 
his business. In the mad rush there, a man must keep up 
or be stampeded, while here he enjoys his ease, lives out of 
doors, rides, drives, walks, and finds he can sleep like a 
baby and eat like a Maine lumberman.*' 

**When did you invest here?" queried the animated in- 
terrogation point. 

"The very first year we came out,*' was the reply. **Mr. 
Worth has become a first-class rancher; he is a member of 
the Grange; belongs to a fruit union, and has become an 
agricultural authority, a man who, five years ago, hardly 
knew one tree from another." 

"How delightful! but you said when you were coming 
out it was only for a vacation." 

"Yes, yes, that was his thought, but in his vacation he 
has found his vocation, grower of prize fruit, breeder of 
prize poultry, and it will not surprise me if he sets up a 
kennel, he has grown so fond of his dogs." 

"Where is your ranch?" was the next query. 

"Oh, in the choicest part of this beautiful valley, over 
towards Evergreen, close to the wonderful vineyard, Xlomas 
Azules,' planted by a Chicago man, William Wehner, who 
has such a fine reputation as a wine maken I'll drive you 
out the first convenient day, and if you do not pronounce it 
a pleasant drive, I shall say you have lost your taste. The 
road is free from dust, the view is splendid, and once there, 
we'll regale you on prunes and peaches, unsurpassed for 
size and flavor." 

Mrs. Curiosity clapped her hands with almost childish 
glee as she cried out, "Capital! sounds just as if it were 
taken from a gilt edged ad.; but then you always were en- 

128 Ten Years in Paradise. 

**You would be enthusiastic if you had watched the 
transformation as I have, seen your husband's care and in- 
terest in his trees, his pride and pleasure in his fruit, and 
could feel that he was being given back to you sound and 
whole," quietly said Mrs. Worth. 

"But what do you do for society out in a rural district? 
You, that would not miss a chamber concert, a good play, 
or an afternoon at cards?" 

**Of society, we have the best; for gayety we come into 
San Jose. We attend the concerts for which San Jose is 
famous, hear the University lectures, go to the golf links, or 
to the Yacht Club at Alviso — we do not know one moment 
of loneliness. It is not like life on a New England farm, 
where, to eke out a bare existence, one must be up at four, 
eat breakfast by lamplight, and work like a slave all day. 
We have our own cream and butter, eat our own eggs, have 
a chicken in the pot oftener than the good Henry wished his 
people might, have fresh fruit all the year, instead of pay- 
ing exorbitant prices for inferior products." 

''Almost thou persuadest me to become a rancher," 
laughingly said Mrs. Curiosity. **I never imagined it 
could be so delightful; but how do you like your neighbors? 
Are the wives of the ranchers all cultivated women? 

**Are the wives of all the New York and Chicago mer- 
chants all cultivated ladies?" was the quick retort. "It 
strikes me that I have met coarseness and ignorance in some 
very high places; that I have heard women gowned in velvet 
and glistening with diamonds murder the President's Eng- 
lish most barbarously. The wife of our nearest neighbor is 
one of the sweetest, truest little gentlewomen I ever met; 
she is an expert musician, who was educated at the Boston 
Conservatory. She practices her piano daily, and their 
home is ideal. Books, pictures, works of art, rare china, 
all with a history, Indian relics, and South Sea Island 
curios remind me of the description of the hall at Vivian 
Place, so splendidly painted by Tennyson. On the other 
side of us is a Wellesley graduate, and the woods are alive 
with Stanford girls. Of course, there are individualities, 

Plaots IBliere Everyone Dd^:)ils to Linser. 129 

just the same here as in Ohio or Maryland, for we are all 
htunan beings," and Mrs. Worth stopped to take a toeath, 
while her friend broke in with — "We? You say that as if 
you were an int^jal part — all the same as a native daugh- 

'*So I am, and I hope I shall always be an integral part 
of any community in which my lot is cast; but here comes 
Mr. Worth," and she rose and went forward to greet her 
husband, who came along with the alert air which bespeaks 
a man physically well and mentally at rest. Drawing him 
toward Mrs. Curiosity, he, at once, greeted her warmly and 
to her looks of stirprise, answered the unspoken question, 
**Yes, Madame, California air, change of occupation, diver- 
sified interests, and frequent holidajrs have made a new 
man of me. I live out of doors and have become fond of 
tree planting; and to gratify my barbaric instincts, I some- 
times have gophers and squirrels to fight, but otherwise all 
is peace." 

"And do you not intend to go back East some day to 

"Never, please heaven! This is truly the 'Happy Val- 
ley,' and if you will remain long enough to see it, as I have 
for some years now, dotted with white tents of happy work- 
ers in our orchards, and breathe the air laden with the odor 
of fruit, you will see that the great Father made no mistake 
when he put our first parents in a garden," laughingly re- 
plied Mr. Worth. 

"Then you think a city life is not conducive either to 
physical or moral health, do you?" queried the lady. 

"Certainly not to the first, and it depends on the man as 
to the latter. You know that among the early Christians 
there were good men who forsook the world that they might 
conquer the. flesh, and disappoint the devil, yet they be- 
came anything but shining examples of the truth, but in a 
city life man is tempted to greed, dishonesty, and indiffer- 
ence to the rights of others. Here, my neighbor rejoices in 
the size of my fruit, and I applaud his method of cultiva- 
tion; but wife, can we not take Mrs. Curiosity out home 

130 Ten Years In Paradise. 

with us, where we can continue this conversation?" 

It was not possible for Mrs. Curiosity to accept then, 
but she pledged herself to go soon, and as they parted we 
heard Mr. Worth add, ''I tell you, my dear Madame, this 
is God's own country, and San Jose is so near a paradise, 
that, by George, when some of us old fellows wake up over 
there, I guess we shall fancy we are still in the Garden 

Santa Clara County for the Home Seeker. 

[HOUGH Nature responds generously to every 
encouragement, we have noticed that it is true 
in Santa Clara Valley, as elsewhere, that horti- 
culture and agriculture to be successfully carried 
on require sagacity and work. The main advantage in 
this land is, however, that more can be raised on a few acres 
than on the same area in almost any other section of the 
United States, and, as a consequence, there are many small 
farms on which families gain a comfortable living without 
a life of exposure and drudgery. Indeed, Nature here needs 
but little rest, and with even slight encouragement, in the 
shape of care and cultivation of the soil, seems to work with 
man and not against him; and by exercising the same thrift 
and economy that are necessarily practiced in the East, an 
independence may be gained. Ranching, which is the 
California word for farming, is a good business both for 
the man with a large income and the one with small means. 
One avenue open to the man with limited capital is vege- 
table growing. This is a profitable industry because the 
soil is very rich, the season lasts throughout the year, and 
there is a demand for garden produce at all times. 

Berry culture is another money making investment. No 
berries are superior in size and flavor to those grown in 
this valley, and there is always a market for them. A large 
percentage of the berries consumed in San Francisco are 
produced in the Santa Clara Valley. With proper knowl- 
edge and care, a profit of between three hundred and five 

132 Ten Years in Paradise. 

hundred dollars an acre is assured to the berry grower. 

Blackberries, raspberries, and strawberries can be raised 
in the lowlands, the latter yielding a crop from April until 
December. It has been demonstrated again and again that, 
with a few acres, a man can have a substantial income if he 
gives his attention to berry culture. In fact, there is hardly 
a limit to the return that intelligent cultivation can secure. 

The return in fruit, vegetables, or grain has been shown 
to be beyond the experience of farming in any other local- 
ity, and there is plenty of land for sale at a reasonable 
price, the cost ranging from twenty-five dollars per acre for 
unimproved to five hundred dollars per acre for full bear- 
ing orchards and vineyards. 

The total cost of planting, including the cost of the 
trees, averages $22.75 per acre of 108 trees. An orchard of 
prunes, peaches, and apricots, in equal proportions, would 
be self-supporting in the fourth year after planting, A full- 
bearing tree, in good soil, will produce $2.00 worth of fruit. 
The green product for drying or canning averages $20 a 

There are many improved ranches of ten acres which 
are paying a big interest on the money invested, because 
the labor is so light that it can be done at all times, except 
during the harvest season, by one man with a team. Of 
course, it would be foolish to think that the majority of the 
people here are fast becoming rich by the culture of fruit 
and the vine. Still it is a self-evident fact that nearly all 
who do cultivate the soil are far removed from poverty. 
Many of the farmers here will testify that one hundred and 
sixty acres of farming land in many sections of the East 
could, with profit, be exchanged for ten acres of this fertile 

The advantages enjoyed by the rancher are numerous, 
not counting the climate, the conditions of labor, the ease 
with which a family can be supported, and the profits over 
and above fair living. His children can attend excellent 
graded schools, for in this county there are eighty-four 
grammar and primary schools, taught by two hundred and 










Santa Clara County for the Home Seeker. 133 

eighty- four capable teachers, besides seven high schools in 
which forty teachers are employed. Many of these country 
school buildings are as pretentious and substantial as those 
in the cities and towns. 

With upwards of two thousand miles of the finest roads 
ever constructed, — wide, hard, and smooth, and with about 
five hundred miles of these rural highways sprinkled or 
oiled, it is, indeed, a pleasure for the rancher and his family 
to drive from any direction into town to attend church, lec- 
tures, concerts^ or theatres. His lot is not an isolated one 
spent far from the haunts of civilization. On the contrary, 
he enjoys social advantages rarely dreamed of by the farmer 
in the East, where in the winter the weather is so cold that 
he only finds comfort before a roaring fire, and the summer 
is so hot that, after the exhausting labor of the day, he 
wearily seeks the shelter of some friendly tree. Here, there 
are many clubs such as the Grange and the Farmers* Club, 
which serve to make the social life of the tiller of the soil 
pleasant. At the weekly or semi-monthly meetings of these 
societies, all topics of interest are discussed and most of 
the papers read show much thought and practical knowl- 
edge. The weather never keeps any one at home, there 
being no sleet nor bitter cold north wind to chill the very 
bones, and no heat prostration to make life a burden. All 
these favorable conditions have brought many settlers and 
much capital to this valley. 

The bulk of the money is invested in orchards, for fruit 
raising is the leading industry, the immensity of which can 
be better comprehended by referring to the statistics which 
say that there are about four million prune, five hun- 
dred thousand apricot, five hundred thousand peach, one 
hundred and fifty thousand cherry, ten thousand olive, one 
hundred and twenty-five thousand pear, twenty thousand 
almond, ten thousand walnut, two thousand fig, and twenty- 
five thousand apple trees in full bearing. 

The soil is particularly adapted to prune culture, and 
about three-fifths of all the prunes grown in the United States 
are raised in Santa Clara County. 


134 Ten Years in Paradise. 

The dried fruits of this section are superior in quality, 
because they are not cured by artificial heat, but they lie 
out in the open field with no dust fl3dng and dry, day by 
day, in the warm sunshine. More than twelve million cans 
of fruit are annually packed by eight large canneries, as well 
as great quantities of tomatoes and other vegetables; and 
over twenty million pounds of all varieties of fresh fruits are 
shipped for table use. 

Next in importance to fruit culture and preserving, come 
grape raising and wine making. In the Santa Cruz Moun- 
tains are produced the largest and finest varieties of table 
grapes, which are ready for market in October, November, 
and December, while in the valley they are for sale three 
months earlier. Good grape land can be secured at from 
twenty-five to one hundred dollars an acre, and after the ex- 
pense of the cuttings, plowing, planting, and tending, will 
not prove a bad investment. The vines begin to bear in the 
fourth year. 

This is the leading county of the State in the production 
of wine, especially dry and sweet wines, for in a year when 
the yield is up to the standard, the amount of vintage is 
double that of any other county and about one-third of that 
of the entire State. 

The net proceeds of one vineyard of twenty acres, 
last year, were four thousand six hundred dollars; and in 
another vineyard of one hundred acres, the yield was three 
hundred tons of grapes, out of which about fifty thou- 
sand gallons of wine were made and sold for upwards 
of twelve thousand dollars. The total expense of the pro- 
duct was one thousand dollars, leaving a clean gain to the 
producer of about eleven thousand dollars. 

The average output of the vineyards is estimated at 
three million gallons, and of this about a quarter of a mil- 
lion gallons is sweet wine, and the same quantity of brandy, 
which has an excellent reputation. 

There is one manufacturer of champagne in the county, 
Mr. Paul Masson, whose annual output is about three hun- 
dred thousand bottles, and the reputation of his product 


Santa Clara County for the Home Seeker. 135 

competes very strongly with that of the imported. This is 
true for the reason that the wine is manufactured by exactly 
the same process, and from the same grape, the Pinot, as 
constitute the basis of the most renowned French brands. 
The Pinot grape, from which all good champagnes are 
made, cannot be successfiiUy grown in any other section of 
this country except California, and thrives best in Santa 
Clara County, where the soil and climate are similar to 
those of the most favored parts of France. 

The wine is carefully made, bottled, and blended. Then 
it is stacked in tiers, each containing many thousand bottles, 
in a cold underground cellar where, in due time, through 
fermentation of several years' duration, it is slowly changed 
into champagne. Every day each bottle is examined, and 
before it is ready for market, it has been handled many hun- 
dred times. 

No artificial means whatever are used in its manufac- 
ture, and this method of unaided fermentation in the bottle 
makes it a finished product which has justly been called the 
** Pride of California." Neither pains nor expense have 
been spared to get the best results, and the ever increasing 
popularity of the Paul Masson Champagne tells its own 

Seed farms also thrive in this land of sunshine, and pro- 
duce quite a proportion of the seeds used in this country, 
and they are considered by dealers the best that can be 
grown. The garden seed farms north of Santa Clara and 
those near Gilroy produce an average of two 'hundred 
and fifty to three hundred and fifty dollars an acre annually. 

The success of seed growing in this valley is attributed 
to the matchless climate and to the absence of rain, for if 
rain should fall in any quantity when the seeds are about 
matured and ready for thrashing, the chances are that they 
will be worthless. 

Judging from the success in this kind of farming during 
the past few years, it would seem as if Santa Clara County 
is destined to furnish America with the bulk of the vege- 
table and flower seeds used. 

136 Ten Years in Paradise. 

Besides horticulture and agriculture, this county offers 
fine opportunities for stock-raising. Horses, sheep, and 
cattle find abundant food in the foot-hills. The Palo Alto 
stock farm has made this section noted as the home of some 
of the most famous race horses, while the finest flock oi 
Angora goats in America also has its home in this county. 
Great quantities of butter and cheese are made, especially 
near Gilroy. 

Another industry which could be expanded with profit, 
is poultry raising. Poultry is always in demand at fair 
prices. Broilers average from three to six dollars a dozen, 
and eggs sell from twenty to forty cents per dozen. The 
demand for eggs is so great that car loads of them are 
shipped into San Francisco from the other States. 

During the summer months, the demand for laborers in 
the orchards, vineyards, dryers, and canneries oftentimes 
exceed the supply. The wages for this labor ranges be- 
tween twenty-five to forty dollars a month, with board. 
There are abundant opportunities for women and girls in 
the canneries, and they can earn from seventy-five cents to 
one dollar and fifty cents a day. Mechanics receive from 
three to six dollars a day. Cooks are paid twenty-five dol- 
lars a month, and other household help is in demand at 
fifteen dollars a month, and board. 

Rents are low. A cottage in San Jose can be secured for 
fifteen dollars a month, and a good house brings twenty- five 
dollars a month.. The cost of living is very reasonable, and 
clothing is sold at prices charged in the Eastern States. 

Even with all these grand conditions existing here, it is 
still a matter of doubt, in our minds, whether it is just or 
proper to say to the farmer who is making a living either 
in New York or Minnesota, or, in fact, in any other State 
in the Union, **Sell your farm, pack your household goods, 
tear down your family altars, and, in your declining years, 
seek a new home.** We can not conscientiously give such 
advice even if that new home is in this beautiful valley, 
this land of promise, for we know how the heart clings to 
the dear old associations, and we consider that the sacrifice 

:; £ 







Santa Clara County for the Home Seeker. 137 

made would be greater than the advantage gained by the 

To home seekers, however, we can, without hesitancy, 
say that California is the grandest State on the American 
continent, and Santa Clara County offers unrivalled oppor- 
tunities for sober, industrious men with small capital, who 
here can build up ideal homes — homes where health and 
comfort and all that is desirable in human existence may be 

This valley is destined to become a great industrial cen- 
ter, and the prophecy of the late Judge David Belden made 
many years ago regarding Santa Clara Valley is rapidly 
being realized: **The tramp of a coming host is upon every 
hand, — the tide of a human sea is impelled by forces that per- 
mit no ebb. It comes, and here between the desert and the 
sea, it finds the Promised Land — Egypt in its fertility, Si- 
cily in its fruits and flowers, Italy in its beauty, America in 
its freedom, its energy, and enterprise.*' 

While the climate here, with its opportunities for out-of- 
door life, with its uninterrupted clear weather, and its moder- 
ate temperature, would suit any one in ordinary health, it is 
equally favorable to invalids if they only exercise ordinary 
prudence until they are acclimated. It requires a few 
months, at least, for strangers to become used to the bright 
sunshiny days and cool nights. 

The tourists from the East who usually live half the year 
in furnace heated houses, naturally find the winters here 
cool, notwithstanding the perpetual sunshine. The hotel 
managers understand this fact, so it is no unusual sight to 
see fires burning brightly in the fireplaces in the principal 
hotels almost any evening throughout the year. 

Again strangers may be disappointed for, accustomed as 
many of them are to extremes of heat and cold, they may 
expect too much, and may desire when they leave the tre- 
mendous snowdrifts, the blizzards, the cyclones, the hurri- 
canes, and the cloudy skies of the East, to enjoy tropical 
heat. Those who yearn for sensations of sunstroke or the 
enervating weather of the tropics will not find them here, 

138 Ten Years in Paradise. 

for even in July, which is the hottest month, the mean tem- 
perature is only 67.7°. The thermometer in winter usually 
registers a low temperature, the coldest month being Janu- 
ary, with a mean temperature of 47.3°, based upon records 
covering a period of twenty-three years. 

The new-comer needs plenty of warm clothing. This is 
a point which is hardly understood, for one expects to find 
the weather hot in a place where there is almost continuous 
sunshine, and where, from November till April, Nature 
makes a display of summer in the bright green vegetation, 
the sound of running brooks, and the singing of birds. 
Although the atmosphere is cool, the soil is always warm, 
and Nature wears her spring raiment all through the winter 
months, still the visitor from the East finds an overcoat or 
a heavy wrap quite comfortable. In mid-winter, the tour- 
ists may walk in arched and winding green bordered paths, 
so dear to pensive spirits, may meander past tufts of green, 
blazing in the sunshine, may behold with delight the beds 
of geraniums and myrtles, or even may inhale the exotic 
perfume which fills the air, as they tread on the flowers of 
semi-tropical lands and on plants that beyond the Rockies 
are only trusted from their conservatories like Sultanas 
from their jealousi&s, to snifif the air and recall their bloom. 
Yet, parodoxical as it may seem, with all these evidences of 
a tropical clime, strangers must wrap up warmly if they 
would avoid taking cold; but the acclimated farmer on his 
ranch or in his orchard, can follow the plow or cultivator in 
his shirt sleeves, and the young men and women on the golf 
links can array themselves in spring clothing with no fear 
of bad results. 

In the summer season the sun is hot and there is little 
wind between sunrise and mid-day, after which a refreshing 
breeze comes up and blows till near sundown. When night 
conies on, it is always cool. It may be warm enough to 
sleep in the open air, but at the same time the camper out 
will find it cool enough to require a blanket. The weather 
is not violent nor changeable as it is in the East, and the 
winds are not chilling. Frost-bitten noses are unheard of, 

Santa Clara County for the Home Seeker. 139 

because the latitude gives warmth, and the nearness to the 
bay tempers the wind and makes the climate moderate and 
equable. The currents of air are always pure, as they no- 
where come in contact with marshy or malarial influences, 
so that those who wish to regain lost health will find this 
an ideal climate. 

When the weather is violent or capricious, a sudden 
storm often destroys not only the crops, but also the lives 
of many of the men who are engaged in farming, if they 
have the slighest disposition to pulmonary trouble; but no 
disasters such as these are to be dreaded in this stable clim- 
ate, where the miseries of ice and snow, of sleety, chilling 
weather, of sunstroke, or of death by lightning are unknown. 
Their absence allows many men, somewhat enfeebled, to 
undertake with impunity, out-door work which they would 
not dare to do under the former conditions. Their labor on 
the farms in this county is not only without injury, but is, 
at the same time, extremely beneficial, insuring, as it does, 
plenty of out-door exercise and fresh air. This life is in- 
spiring to the sick man who has entertained apprehensions 
for his future. It makes him feel that he is not only not 
incapacitated from further usefulness, but is actually fur- 
thering and increasing the chances for his total recovery, 
while pursuing the ordinary course of his vocation, for the 
thought of being useless and a burden to his family, is the 
one most adverse to recuperation of all thediflficulties which 
beset the invalid. Many a sick man, who has come to this 
valley broken down, and hoping from the change nothing 
better than a temporary relief from his sufferings, and a 
certain degree of comfort for the few months or years of life 
still remaining to him, has completely regained his health. 

Although the weather and conditions here are so con- 
ducive to equanimity of spirit and to longevity for weak and 
convalescent persons, yet a confirmed invalid, who has not 
money to live without work, will find it no place for him. 
We have in mind four invalids who came here several years 
ago in search of health. 

One was a man with a dependent family, who was 

140 Ten Years in Paradise. 

obliged to leave Indiana to prolong his life. Stern neces- 
sity compelled him to accept any employment which pre- 
sented itself, and by doing this he was obliged to rough it, 
to live out of doors in season and out of season. It was 
up-hill business, but six years were added to his span of 
life — six years of hard struggles, little enjoyment, and no 

The other was also a young man, but without a family, 
and with barely money enough to meet his necessay ex- 
penses, while he sought congenial employment. Although 
his life was not easy and his pathway was not one strewn 
with roses, still, by constant care, he now enjoys compara- 
tively good health, has a lucrative practice in law, has 
accumulated quite a fortune, and has the prospect of enjoy- 
ing many years of life. 

The third, a lady, the wife of a prominent Indianapolis 
physician, was brought here by her husband weak and sick. 
Her Hoosier friends bade her a sorrowful good-bye, as they 
expected ere many months that she would be laid in the 
Silent City. Having plenty of means, they bought a com- 
fortable home surrounded by ample grounds, which were 
soon filled with beautiful flowers, which served as a per- 
petual invitation to the invalid to live out of doors. This 
invitation was heeded, and she passed a part of every day 
among her plants. At first she was only able to spend ten 
minutes each morning cultivating her flowers, and she was 
so weak that her garden tool was a kitchen knife; but each 
brown seed tucked away in the soil meant for her a renewed 
interest in life. She soon was able to exchange the knife 
for a trowel, and later the hoe and rake were her imple- 
ments of labor. This gentle work of spading and soothing, 
watering and pruning, was part of her life for years, but 
the benefit derived was very real, for now she is a hale, 
strong, well woman. 

The other iiistance is afforded by a wealthy Chicago 
merchant, who, in the strenuous life of that busy city, sac- 
rificed his health until his nerves gave way. His physicians, 
despairing of effecting a cure, sent him abroad to try the 








Santa Clara County for the Home Seeker. 141 

celebrated baths of Europe, and to secure the treatment of 
the most skilled physicians there. Some years were spent 
at the famous health resorts of the old world in the endeavor 
to restore tone to the jaded nerves, yet a cure was not ob- 
tained, and longing for his home, he returned to this 
country, still a broken man. California was suggested, and 
abandoning the ** Windy City" he came to this valley, 
where he was at once delighted with all that he saw. He 
invested in an orchard and began an out-door life, and in a 
few months his family noticed a progress towards health. 
Two years of ranch life and sleep became sweet and refresh- 
ing, appetite returned, and the shrunken frame assumed its 
old proportions. To-day he is sound and hearty, a walking 
advertisement of the virtues of this climate for exhausted 
brain and body. 

There are numerous other examples that could be men- 
tioned of patients, who after having been given up by Eastern 
physicians, have moved to this garden spot, where they have 
lived to enjoy many years of active life. 

There are plenty of shady nooks in the Santa Clara foot- 
hills where invalids can dwell, sheltered from every wind; 
and who would not regain health in a spot where he can sit 
out of doors under the leafy boughs of grand old trees during 
the whole year, with cool zephyrs from the bay bringing 
fresh ocean air such as the invalids East are seldom privi- 
leged to breathe? On the slopes of the hills are many pros- 
perous fruit growers who came here years ago afflicted with 
pulmonary or asthmatic troubles or with nervotis prostra- 
tion, and who have found here in this enchanted land of 
fruit and flowers, not only the blessings of health, but also 
all the comforts and pleasures of attractive surroundings, 
and the privilege of a society which is as refined and de- 
sirable as that of any of the Eastern States. 

So Nature, the true physician, here takes the wearied 
invalid into her kind care and restores the roses to the pale 
cheeks, the ruddy tint to the lips, and the sparkle to the 
dimmed eyes; and to all who seek her ministrations, she is 
ever ready to impart her blessings. 

What Santa Clara County Offers to the Capitalist. 

JHOUGH the fruit industry and all its boundless 
possibilities have been dwelt upon at great 
length, it must not be understood that this is 
the only avenue open to the man who has money 
to invest. The time is now ripe for the building, in this 
section, of interurban and suburban railroads, by which the 
many thriving towns of this valley can be connected with 
the county seat. The movement has already started, and 
in all probabilities it will not be long before more capital 
will be invested in kindred projects, which are sure to pay 
large dividends. 

To the capitalist in search of ways to invest money, *no 
place can offer better facilities for success or greater ratios 
in the increase in value of investments than can Santa Clara 
County. The southern and eastern hills are so rich in un- 
mined cinnabar deposits that under the touch of the miner 
and the developer, they would pour out their millions in 
shiny quicksilver. 

Here is another proposition for the progressive and 
energetic business man. Can not this county build up a 
trade with the Orient? At present, Japan and India im- 
port the greater part of their preserves, jams, and goods of 
that nature from England. Here is the fruit in plenty, and 
also all the facilities for making these sweets which are so 
dear to the hearts of the natives of the eastern and south- 
eastern parts of Asia, and there is certainly no reason why 
this county should not capture the trade of these countries. 

144 Ten Years in Paradise. 

Another new industry which awaits, with rich returns, 
the attention of competent workers, is the manufacture of 
perfumery. Every year the United States imports millions 
of dollars worth of oils and various kinds of scents. The 
process for making these articles is not difficult, and Cali- 
fornia produces flowers in profusion. There is not a sweet- 
scented blossom cultivated in any part of the world but will 
thrive equally as well out of doors in this State. Soil and 
climatic conditions suited to each plant can here be found. 
Experiments have been tried and enough has been learned 
to demonstrate the special adaptability of this section to the 
manufacture of sweet and lasting perfumes. 

The olive is attracting a great deal of attention just now, 
it having been proven beyond contradiction, that California 
is the only State in the Union where it can be successfully 
grown, and that here in Santa Clara County it attains its 
greatest perfection. The oil made from olives grown in this 
valley has taken prizes at all expositions. An orchard ten 
years old will net the owner a goodly sum, as a tree of that 
age produces forty gallons of fruit, and five gallons of fruit 
will make one gallon of oil. 

Does a man wish to have immediate returns for the money 
that he invests? Then let him buy land between Mountain 
View and Alviso and set it out in alfalfa. The conditions 
for the growth of this plant are ideal — climate, soil, and 
plenty of moisture uniting to that end. This will net him 
an annual income of from fifty to sixty dollars an acre. 

San Jose has grown so considerably during the last few 
years that the supply of dwelling houses is inadequate to 
the demand. There is money to be made by the erection of 
modern cottages and flats, which could be rented at figures 
which would pay an interest of six per cent., net. A first- 
class family hotel of about one hundred rooms would prove 
a gilt- edge investment; but more than anything else, busi- 
ness property and buildings would bring large returns, at 
least eight per cent., net. 

There was a time in the history of the United States 
when some of the most eminent statesmen argued in the 






What Santa Clara County OfFers to the Capitalist. 145 

halls of Congress that this was an agricultural country, and 
that it could never hope to become a manufacturing one. 
Yet, to day, the manufacturing concerns of the East set the 
standards for the world. 

Californians have, for many years, occupied the same 
position in argument as did these statesmen as to the possi- 
bilities of the success of manufacturing in California. 
Another quarter of a century may see this State on a par 
with, if not ahead of, the Eastern manufacturing centers. 

The United States census report for 1900 shows that 
every man, whether a skilled artisan or laborer, who is em- 
ployed in California, does 26.2 per cent, more work than is 
done by a man in any other part of the world. Taking into 
consideration with this percentage in favor of this State, 
the cost of construction, heating of plants, running of ma- 
chinery, and fuel, it is an undisputed fact, that industrial 
enterprises can be carried on here at a cost of thirty-eight 
per cent, less than like industries can be conducted in any 
section of the universe outside of California. For fuel, this 
State produces crude oil, which sells at seventy cents a bar- 
rel, and is cheaper by thirty-eight per cent, than the best 
coal used in the manufacturing districts of the East, at a 
cost of $3.60 per ton. This was proven by the United States 
Government Commission in a test of crude oil as compared 
with coal for smelting purposes in Chicago, and is proof 
positive that industrial pursuits can be successfully con- 
ducted on these western shores. 

Of raw material this State has an abundant supply. In 
this connection we have been permitted to take some facts 
from the book entitled **The Era of California's Supreme 
Industrial Possibilities," soon to be published by Samuel 
N. Goldy, Vice-President of the Goldy Machine Company, 
which will equip a plant here for the manufacture of me- 
dium-heavy and light machinery. Mr. Goldy has devoted 
fourteen years to the study of the industrial situation here 
and in the East. 

California has two of the largest deposits of iron ore 
(hematite iron) that are to be found anywhere in the United 

146 Ten Years in Paradise. 

States, also cinnabar, crude oil in inexhaustible quantities, 
cement rock, building stone, hemp, flax, timber for con- 
struction purposes, borax, tin, gold, silver, and all other 
known metals and many precious stones. Other materials 
to be found here are lime, asphaltum, bitumen, soft coals, 
and from the general formation producing oil, graphite, and 
other substances found here, there is every reason to sup- 
pose that, sooner or later, anthracite coal will be among 
California's sources of wealth. Even if the latter is never 
discovered, crude oil will take its place, and will be far less 

Santa Clara Valley has superior advantages over any 
other point in California for industrial enterprises. It has 
land, miles in extent, which offers cheap locations for fac- 
tories and cheap sites for homes for the employes. Here no 
grading, nor blasting, nor piling are necessary to secure 
good foundations. 

Every advantage of terminal trans-continental rates is 
at this county's command, and the wagon roads are in ex- 
cellent condition for trucking, as they are perfectly level 
and passable during the entire year. 

California has a greater food supply within its limits 
than has any other State in the Union, and it has been dem- 
onstrated that, if properly developed along industrial lines, 
it could support within its boundaries a population equal 
to that of France — thirty-eight millions. 

Although not generally known, it is a fact that the New 
England States import fully seventy-five per cent, of the 
raw materials used in their manufacturing, and fully eighty 
per cent, of their food stufis. On account of the extremes 
of heat and cold, which make it impossible to run the fac- 
tories continuously, fully one-sixth of every year is lost. 
Yet, notwithstanding these tremendous impediments, New 
England to-day leads the world in manufacturing. 

Eastern manufacturing establishments can be brought to 
California, but California's peerless climate cannot be taken 
to the other side of this great continent. 

All things considered, there is no reason why Eastern 

What Santa Clara County Oilers to the Capitalist. 147 

manufacturers, who are now occupying expensive locations, 
could not come to this State, where their men would not be 
handicapped either by having to live at long distances from 
the works in which they are employed, or by being herded 
in the tenement districts, where they are often surrounded 
by the worst of influences. 

The one great drawback to successful manufacturing 
here in the past has been the absence of well equipped 
establishments where machinery and parts of machinery 
could be made and repaired at prices within reason. With 
the building up of such an industry here, it will be pos- 
sible to enter into successful negotiations with Eastern 
manufacturers, many of whom are desirous of changing 
their locations. 

The greatest supply known to the world of hard wood, 
which is now becoming scarce in this country, exists in the 
Philippines, and it must find its way into the United States 
by the Pacific Coast. With this supply landed at the door 
of this Golden State, and with the inexhaustible abundance 
of raw material within its borders, there can be but 
one logical conclusion, and that is that California will 
eventually be the greatest industrial section of the United 

The Califomians of to-day know little of industrial 
undertakings or of the vast profits derived therefrom, 
hence the opportunity of this development is for the men of 
the Bast, who are skilled in the successful management of 
such enterprises. These men, having coped successfully 
with the obstacles and difficulties of keen competition, 
climate, and other hindrances, will fully appreciate the ad 
vantages offered to them here. 

Surely, with the magic touch of progress and prosperity 
evident on every side, the most optimistic mind cannot 
over-estimate the splendor of this county's ultimate great- 

Society Affected by Climate and Soil. 

find not only the men and women of this great 
valley large-hearted and generous, but even the 
very soil and climate here are lavish in their 
hospitality, for although there is an abundance 
of magnificent native trees, including the redwood, oak, box- 
elder, big leaf maple, laurel, sycamore, willow, poplar, 
toyon, flowering ash, flowering dogwood, buckeye, madrone, 
manzanita, and wild cherry, they still give a cordial wel- 
come to those from every zone. Here flourish trees, having 
beautiful foliage and a wealth of blossoms, from the tropics, 
and sturdy natives from the forests of the north; in fact, so 
impartial and generous is the soil to these strangers that in 
the parks, along the highways, and in the gardens are found 
the representatives of every land, — from distant Asia, far 
away Australia, New Zealand, China, South America, from 
Europe, and a little nearer homet from New England, from 
Florida, and Colorado. Among the foreign growths which 
are now citizens of this valley and which are much admired 
by tourists are the splendid specimens of pepper, eucalyp- 
tus, pine, acacia, olive, cypress, magnolia, hawthorn, bam- 
boo, umbrella, locust, and handsome date, fan, and banana 
palms. These importations flourish so well that tree lovers 
often give them the preference and neglect the grand trees 
which should, by right, hold the first place in this, their 
native land. 

When the soil and climate are so unsparing in their wel- 
come to the trees, shrubs, and flowers of every land, is it 

150 Ten Years in Paradise. 

strange that the people are prodigal and lavish in their hos- 
pitality, which is, in fact, largely a matter of climate and 
soil? It is easy to conceive that a race, living in a land 
where famine is imminent, and where a bare subsistence is 
obtained only after hard work, cannot afford to be free- 
handed. Consider as an example* the cliff dwellings. To 
many observers these queer homes only tell of a quiet, un- 
obtrusive, peaceable people, who, harrassed by enemies, 
fled to a barren land because they preferred hardship to 
warfare. Yet, were not these holes in the rocks burglar 
proof corn cribs where could be stored the family winter 
supply? And do they not bespeak a people who struggled 
continually to live, an inhospitable people who could not 
afford to entertain travelers? Contrast with these the con- 
ditions in this valley where the generous soil responds 
bountifully to the touch of the intelligent husbandmen, and 
where an abundance comes with as little effort as in tropi- 
cal lands. In this, the land of fruit and flowers, where 
people live in such comfort that it would be termed luxury 
elsewhere, why should there be any hoarding and stinting? 
Why should not even the passing visitors carry away pleas- 
ant memories of the genial hospitality extended to them 
here? If, by chance, the Cliff Dwellers or the Esquimaux 
were to change places of habitation with the inhabitants of 
the Santa Clara Valley, they, perhaps, would become a de- 
lightfully hospitable people, while the latter, finding noth- 
ing in their new homes but desert cacti and frozen mosses, 
would soon become niggardly and their hospitality would 

Another factor which tends to make the residents of this 
section generous entertainers is that the population is cos- 
mopolitan, with the preponderance in favor of Americans 
from the East. The people of this county are large-hearted, 
liberal in their religious convictions, with minds free from 
all narrow prejudices and rancorous bigotry. Among 
the different sects good feeling has existed from the very 
first settlement to the present time. The liberality of 
thought prevalent here may be illustrated by the fact that 

Society Afiiected by Climate and Soil. 151 

long ago at the first commencement exercises of the Uni- 
versity of the Pacific, a Methodist college, the Rev. Father 
Accolti, S. J., of Santa Clara College, a Catholic institution 
of learning, occupied a seat on the platform; and on the 
occasion of the exercises in honor of Washington's Birth- 
day in 1903, at the same university. Rev. Father Kenna, 
S. J., President of Santa Clara College, was the principal 
speaker. The people, by associating with men and women 
of other nationalities and beliefs, have learned, and are gen- 
erous enough to admit, that virtue and honesty are a com- 
mon heritage, and that, perhaps, it is God's design to allow 
a diversity of races and religions to teach men to cultivate 
charity and to appreciate good qualities wherever they may 
be found. 

Another noticeable fact is that the residents are never 
suspicious of strangers, and anyone who comes well recom- 
mended, has the appearance of good breeding, is agreeable, 
respects the laws, and observes the usages of good society, 
is sure of a delightful welcome in this sunshiny land, 
whether he be rich or poor, great or humble, a professional 
man or a manufacturer. 

No thoughts of treachery disturb the mind, for this is 
not a land of assassins, not a re-claimed desert, not a half- 
way house between savagery and civilization, where the 
manners take on the character of feudal times, when, if 
the great lords entertained, there was always an under- 
current of suspicion. Then, not only strangers, but friends 
needed watching, and the proverbial latch-string was never 
hung out, and each night found the portcullis up and the 
castle secured behind a moat. Here there are no indiscreet 
questionings, no distrustful wariness, no aspersions cast 
upon the character of others, and the residents try to enjoy 
life, and it is their wish that every one else should do the 
same. The men are loyal and always ready to extend the 
hand in friendship to their fellow citizens and to strangers; 
while the grace, dignity, and purity of the women of this 
county have always elevated society and raised it to as high 
a standard as may be found anywhere in this country. 

152 Ten Years in Paradise. 

There is, however, a difference between the social atmos 
phere here and that of the South, of the East, and of 
Europe. The king to which the people of this valley bow 
is the monarch of mind and manner, for great wealth does 
not denote the possession of superior qualities and does not 
carry with it the right of greater privileges. What is gen- 
erally known as organized fashionable society does not 
exist here, and society has no temple guarded by ladies of 
high degree, whose smiles or frowns raise men and women 
to the highest pinnacle of social greatness, or consign them 
to the depths of despair. There are no leaders whose aim 
it is to contract rather than expand the social arena, by 
letting down the bars to admit only the rich and great, or 
the favorites of the aristocratic gate-keepers. 

Only once in the history of this fair garden spot was an 
effort made to draw the social lines. That was about six 
years ago, when a large organization known as the ** Winter 
Club'* was formed, with Mrs. Mary R. Barstow, Mrs. Hiram 
Bond, Mrs. Neville Castle, Mrs. Loring Gale Nesmith, Mrs. 
James Henry Pierce, and Mrs. Frank Vincent Wright as 
patronesses. A secret committee, with absolute and arbi- 
trary powers, undertook to say who were and who were not 
eligible to become members of this club. This organization 
was to be the foundation on which an organized society was 
to be built. The list of members as furnished by the secre- 
tary at that time was: Mrs. Lawrence Archer, Leo. B. 
Archer, Henry B. Alvord, Mrs. Nellie G. Arques, Clemen ti 
Arques, Howard A. Alexander, Luis Arques, Mrs. Luis 
Arques, Miss Mabel Adel, Mrs. W. T. Adel, Mr. and Mrs. 
H. G. Bond, Mrs. L. Bond, Miss Maude Benson, David M. 
Burnett, Miss Veva Burrel, Miss May Burrel, Dr. and Mrs. 
Chauncey Rea Burr, Mrs. Mary R. Barstow, Alfred Bar- 
stow, Miss Grace Barstow, Mr. and Mrs. William A. Bow- 
den, Mr. and Mrs. George M. Bowman, Mr. and Mrs. 
Nicholas Bowden, Miss Edna Bowman, Mr. and Mrs. Charles 
D. Blaney, Alfred C. Bean, Mr. and Mrs. William A. Coul- 
ter, Clarence C. Coolidge, Edwin Coolidge, Mr. and Mrs. 
Neville Castle, John Doyle, Mrs. Anna Dougherty, Ernest 

Society Aflected by Climate and Soil. 153 

de Saisset, Miss de Saisset, Dr. and Mrs. F. B. Eaton, H. F. 
Dusing, Mr. and Mrs. S. F. Leib, Mrs. Ellen V. Eldred, 
Miss C. M. Edwards, W. G. Edwards, Miss L. J. Enright, 
Miss E. E. Enright, Mr. and Mrs. Antone Friant, Dr. and 
Mrs. Irvin N. Frasse, James W. Findlay, Dr. Howard B. 
Gates, Dr. J. D. Grissim, Mr. and Mrs. Morgan Hill, Mr. 
and Mrs. Ralph W. Hersey, Mr. and Mrs. J. Underwood 
Hall, Colonel Philo Hersey, Judge and Mrs. A. S. Kittridge, 
I. Knowles, A. C. Kuhn, Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Lewis, Miss 
Maud l>wis, De Launcey Lewis, Dr. J. J. Miller, Miss 
Elizabeth Miller, William Mathews, J. M. Morehead, Mrs. 
L. Montanya, Mrs. C. McBury, Mr. and Mrs. B. D. Murphy, 
Miss Elizabeth Y. Murphy, Martin Murphy, Miss Laura 
Mann, Miss M. Maclaren, G. S. McMurtry, Mrs. J. T. 
McGeoghegan, Miss Lolita McGeoghegan, Jack McGeo- 
ghegan, Mr. and Mrs. Loring Gale Nesmith, Mrs. H. G. 
Newhall, H. M. Plate, Mr. and Mrs. James Henry Piercei 
Mrs. A. B. Post, Miss Anna Porter, Dr. R. E. Pierce, Mr. 
and Mrs. Richard Pierce, C. D. Perrin, Mr. and Mrs. K. H. 
Plate, Miss Maude Phelps, John W. Ryland, Miss Ada Ry- 
land. Miss Norma Ryland, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph R. Ryland, 
Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Rucker, Dr. G. W. Seifert, Robert 
Syer, Miss Clara Sweigert, Mr. and Mrs. Francis E. Spen- 
cer, Dr. and Mrs. W. A. Southworth, A. Schneider, C. C. 
Schneider, Mr. and Mrs. George P. Snell, M. J. Schaebale, 
Dr. and Mrs. William Simpson, Miss Mary TaaflFe, Miss 
Mattie Taaff e, Mr. and Mrs. Hiram D. Tuttle, George Wake- 
field, Miss Wakefield, Harry Warren, Mr. and Mrs. Frank 
V. Wright, Mr. and Mrs. H. Ward Wright, Mr. and Mrs. 
W. H. Wright, W. Q. Wright, Mrs. E. G. Williams, Miss 
E. Williams, and Mr. and Mrs. E. F. Weston. 

The patronesses, with the true inborn grace which marks 
Nature's gentlewomen, and the members of the club, with 
that grand free-handed generosity which marks California's 
sons and daughters, soon discovered that a mistake had been 
made, and they refused to continue banded together in any 
social organization which shut out their friends, or their 


Ten Years in ninulsse. 

friends' friends, or, in fact, which was not broad enough to 
take within its folds all the elegant men and all the cultured 
and refined women who cared to mingle in society. 

After Ten Years in Paradise. 

|N the month of December, 1902, we again gath- 
ered at the Hotel Vendome to celebrate the 
tenth anniversary of our arrival in Paradise. 
Banquets had become the fashionable mode of 
commemorating all important events, so, of course, our re- 
union took the form of a banquet. A happier throng never 
gathered around a table than that which assembled on this 
memorable night. A few were unavoidably late. These 
tardy ones were Mr. Grace, Miss Grace, and Mr. Phelps. 

The menu included the fruits, the viands, and the wines, 
all products of the homes we had made. Flowers and foli- 
age plants were grouped in every available space, and, 
screened behind tall and graceful palms, Brohaska's orches- 
tra discoursed the sweetest music, only giving way when 
the toastmaster, Mr. Enterprise, announced that the intel- 
lectual feast was about to begin. In phrases filled with 
welcome, he told the story of our journey from the East to 
this land of promise. 

** You all know,'* he continued, "that I came here to 
look for a propitious business opening. I have not been 
disappointed, for I saw at once the splendid future before 
this valley of ours. I concluded to make it my home, and 
here have I since resided. My name is rather an uncommon 
one, but, strange as it may seem, I found multitudes bear- 
ing the same. Presuming that our ancestral tree must have 
been identical, I at once introduced myself and made claim 
to relationship with them. I became interested in electric 

156 Ten Years in Riradise. 

transportation, and I am proud to say that, through the 
energy of my relatives and myself, there is now a perfect 
electric system, and, at present, we are extending car lines 
in every direction. All probabilities indicate that within 
the next few years we shall have a line to Mount Hamilton, 
and connections radiating from San Jose to all the surround- 
ing towns. Nothing can block the way when once the 
Enterprise family takes up a plan of public or private im- 
provement, for the members of that clan are Pioneers in the 
World of Success. 

**By patient investigation, we have learned that every 
requisite for manufacturing is at our door, and, in the im- 
mediate future, we know that large manufacturing concerns 
will be established. Electric lighting systems also claimed 
our attention, and now no finer installations can be found 
than those we possess. Look at the packing houses and 
canning establishments which we have started, where thous- 
ands of men and women are employed. In a few years, the 
harbor at Alviso will be improved, bringing us in touch 
with the greatest seaport in the world, for Enterprise always 
finds the means to reach the end of any project intelligently 
undertaken. See how Alum Rock Park has been improved, 
and before many months have passed we shall have there a 
fine hotel. 

**It may seem a trifle egotistical for a man to sound the 
praises of his own kindred, but, really, with a record like 
ours, it seems to me it would be a crime to hide our achieve- 
ments. And then, too, we are not the originators of the 
fashion of heralding our great deeds, for I notice that our 
relatives in other cities have been doing the same. I think 
I hear some one asking if all these boasted improvements 
have paid. I answer that they have, and abundantly, too. 
And because we have succeeded so well we intend to use all 
the honest, honorable, and up-to-date methods of letting the 
world know the location and productiveness of this valley, 
whose resources we have helped to develop. We will en- 
deavor to inform people in other places that this fruitful 
spot, surrounded by verdant hills, is an ideal place for men 

After Ten Years in Paradise. 157 

of muscle or of brain, for men with large or limited capital, 
and for those who are in search of health or pleasure. 

* 'Visit our hotels and you will find that they are as well 
appointed as those of any city in the Union. Look at our 
thoroughly up-to-date automobile service. Take note of the 
beautiful and comfortable homes all over the county, and 
you will see that this is a progressive section, waiting to 
grasp every opportunity for profitable and safe invest- 

The toastmaster then called upon Mrs. Grace to give 
her opinion of this Paradise as a health restorer. She sat 
silent a moment, her silver crowned head upon her hand, 
and then controlling herself, related a simple story often re- 
peated in Eastern households, always fraught with pain 
and grief: 

**My sister and I were the only two children of people 
quite well to do, as fortunes in old Connecticut go. We had 
every advantage of schools, of society, and of travel, and 
then settled down to the unconventional life of a little vil- 
lage. I see the old home now," and a tender, reminiscent 
look stole over the refined face, ** vine- wreathed, with its 
quaint dormer windows, catching the first glimpse of the 
rising sun; the cherry trees, where robins came to sing their 
matins; the tall lilac bushes through whose double row my 
mother was led when she came, a bride, to her new home; 
the tall syringas, white with the snow of their blooms; and 
the climbing roses, throwing their great arms out to catch 
the breath of the Atlantic — ^very fair, but fatal to such ten- 
der creatures as my mother and my sister. I was but a wee 
thing when my mother took the cold that carried her away. 
I could not realize what it meant when she gave up her fa- 
vorite walks, her books, and lay quiet and calm on the 
couch by the window. I could not sympathize then with 
my father as I ought, when we came back to the home that 
was to know her no more, for I was too young. 

** Years passed, and my sister and I grew to womanhood, 
as I told you, and few sisters have ever loved each other 
more fervently than did Elsie and I. She was younger than 

158 Ten Years in Paradise. 

I, very beautiful and talented. When she had just entered 
her twentieth year, she met her fate. This time the course 
of true love ran very smoothly, my father was pleased, and 
particularly so because Elsie's intended husband was will- 
ing to settle in our village so that we should not be sep- 
arated. I shall always remember with pleasure that happy 
courtship, so filled with perfect love and trust. Elsie was 
to be married in the spring, and she and I were busy plan- 
ning and sewing, just as all girls are in anticipation of such 
a change. 

"The winter was almost over, when we were invited to 
a skating party, which we gladly hailed. It was an ideal 
night for skating, the moon was full, and the snow sparkled 
under it rays like diamonds. The little pond was covered 
with a carpet of ice; such as Califomians never see, but 
which Lowell brings before me every time I read his 'Vision 
of Sir Launfal.' Well, we skated as only happy youth can, 
and my dear sister, in her excitement, overtaxed herself, 
and when we went home, instead of lingering a little in the 
cosy parlor with her aflSanced, pleaded fatigue, and went at 
once to our room. In the morning she was feverish, but 
dressed and tried to appear as usual. The effort cost her 
too much, and, at last, she threw herself on a couch, saying 
pleasantly, 'Alice, I am just good for nothing to-day; pet 
me a little, and I will lie here and dream.' 

**That was the beginning of the end. My father ques- 
tioned her closely, but she declared it was only a temporary 
weakness. Her lover was all anxiety, but she laughed at 
his fears. Days grew into weeks and still she did not im- 
prove. The good old doctor came daily, prescribed tonics, 
said she had inherited a delicate frame from her mother, 
suggested a change of climate. 'You know our spring is 
very treacherous; better take your girl to California, Mr. 
Phelps,' said he to my father. *If I were not so old, I'd go 
there myself, but from all I hear of the country there, my 
occupation, like that of Othello, would be gone,' and he 
laughed heartily. Father proposed to us to go, but Elsie 
could not be prevailed upon to make a change. Sick people 

After Ten Years in Paradise. 159 

become unreasonable, you know, and our father would not 
compel us, so we staid at home. April came bleak, cold 
days of thaw and days of freezing, and Elsie grew weakcar 
and weaker. The fell disease that has slain its thousands 
in New England, bad fastened on her, and was rapidly 
carrying her away. I hurry over the time when we stood 
and watched the lamp of her beautiful young life go out. 
She faded so gently that we were not prepared for the shock, 
but she went 'like one who wraps the drapery of his couch 
about him and lies down to pleasant dreams.' 

''Bitterly my father regretted that he had not insisted 
upon trying the effect of California climate. He even wished 
to come here with me, but I could not think of leaving the 
narrow mound in our cemetery where my sister lay 'Asleep 
in Jesus.' I was vigorous; I would be exceedingly carefol, 
and I prevailed. 

* Xater my own future was settled. I married as fine a man 
as ever blessed the earth, and no two were ever more com- 
pletely one than my husband and I. We lived with my 
dear father, for it would have been heartless to leave him 
lonely in a forsaken home. All the pleasures of books, 
music, and art were at our disposal, and when a little daugh- 
ter came to complete an earthly trinity, my cup of joy 
seemed running over. Years of peace and plenty were 
given to us, and my Elsie, named for the aunt she never saw, 
grew up into a lovely girl. She studied at home, for I de- 
termined to watch every hour of the precious life, and guard 
against every attack of the insidious foe lurking in the 
snows of winter and the chill winds of spring. We were 
chums, sharing each others studies and play. Elsie loved 
music, and her father was a fine violinist, so the winter eve- 
nings were filled with music, and we were intensely happy. 
She had just passed her seventeenth birthday, when we dis- 
covered a subtle change in her appearance, a fragility not 
noticed before. Her father said, 'My little one grows too fast; 
she is outgrowing her strength; we must brace her up;' but 
instantly my father said, 'Not so, we must leave this State; 
two of our family are enough to sacrifice — those two graves 

160 Ten Years in Paradise. 

admonish me, and if you are wise you will heed my ad- 
monition. Health is better than wealth; your child is your 
most valued possession. Take her now, before the disease 
has fastened on her, to a climate that will build up andg^ive 
her every reasonable assurance of length of days.* 

*' We talked late that night, and came to the decision 
that my father's advice was good. Before a week had 
passed, we were en route for California. On the way out, 
we met a charming woman who lived in San Jose, and she 
assured us that we should find in Santa Clara County the 
health, happiness, and all the blessings that we coveted. 
We came, and you know the result. You have seen my 
daughter playing her game of golf as well as any on the 
links, riding miles over the country without fatigue, and 
you know that she is really robust. That much the climate 
has done for her. 

**Then she has had every advantage of meeting delight- 
ful people, and of progressing in her music under the splen- 
did masters found here; in fact, nothing has been left to be 
desired. My father is growing old serenely, and my dear 
husband is younger than when we left Connecticut. He 
sails his yacht on the lovely bay, hunts game in the hillsy 
fishes in the beautiful streams, star gazes from the top of 
Mount Hamilton, and when he feels the need of mingling 
with life in scientific circles, he has only to go over to Palo 
Alto to be in touch with the newest, the strongest, the best 
thought of the century. 

**Now, my friends, you have the secret of our life here — 
a life ideal in its charms, perfect in its purity, and crowned 
with every earthly enjoyment." 

A solemn silence fell upon the company at the close of 
the lady's remarks, and it was with an effort that the toast- 
master called upon Miss Titian, a devotee of art, who re- 
sponded gracefully to the toast **Our Homes," by saying: 

* * Probably the best way will be for me to be quite specific, 
and select a few from the hundreds of palatial residences 
found here, and by describing them fully, I can, perhaps, 
convey an adequate impression of our homes, for San Jose is 

After Ten Years in Riradise. 161 

par excellence a city of homes, a fact which lends an atmos- 
phere peculiarly its own to this favored place. 

*'Many of the old residents cherish fond memories of the 
time when the Pueblo was but a collection of adobe houses, 
whose garnishings were strings of the red pepper so essen- 
tial to all Spanish cookery. But even then, hospitality per- 
meated the air; no stranger was ever turned away from the 
door; feasting and merriment made the hours fly swiftly, 
and all who came were filled with delight. 

"Within a short distance from the center of town, one 
finds elegant mansions, whose verdant lawns, magnificent 
trees, beds of gorgeous flowers, and tinkling fountains, 
speak of the wealth and taste of the owners. The exteriors 
are but hints of the beauty of the interiors, and those who 
have enjoyed the entree into the inner circles, know the at- 
tractiveness of these artistic habitations. 

**None of these are more deserving of mention than that 
of Dr. an^ Mrs. John L. Benepe. It is one of the most 
pleasing in architectural style, but the chief charms are 
found within. The visitor is ushered into a manorial hall 
lighted by art glass windows. The floor of ancient oak, in- 
laid with costly woods, which reflect the light, is covered 
here and there by beautiful rugs of foreign furs. The draw- 
ing-room is a symphony in its harmonious blendings, the 
delicately tinted green walls being crowned by an ivory- 
colored ceiling on which are strewn pale pink roses. The 
finish is in natural redwood, which makes a charming set- 
ting for the etchings and paintings which Mrs. Benepe has 
collected. As this lady is an artist, her taste is correct, aQd 
no false tone mars the perfect harmony of the home. 

**Much of her own handiwork adorns the spacious 
rooms. Between the hall and the drawing-room, hang 
portieres of pallid green silk, upon which are painted cupids 
disporting amidst showers of roses. On the unbroken wall 
opposite, are two magnificent panels, 'Surprise,' and the 
'Opening of Summer,' from the brush of the gifted lady. 
These are figure paintings, life size, and so realistic is the 
handling, that they seem to spring from the ground. The 


162 Ten Years in f^radise^ 

walls of the dining-room are hung with blue and old rose 
tapestries, and the furniture is of mahogany, beautifully 

'^Collections of rare Bohemian glass and costly souvenir 
spoons catch the eye and elicit delightful bits of reminis- 
cences. The library is in Oriental style, the draperies 
having been imported from Persia. The tout ensembU 
leaves nothing to be desired. 

**The D*Oyly home is one that all who have penetrated, 
admire. Commodious and artistic, everything within it 
>(^ speaks of the perfect taste of its inmates. Music, books, 
paintings, college trophies, all have their places, and show 
the diversity of talents which make up the charm of this 
cultured family. 

*'A drive on the Alameda is a constant pleasure by reason 
of the elegance of the homes along that historic thorough- 
fare. Among the pretentious modem mansions there yet 
stand a few frame cottages whose history we love to tell to 
the tourist and the stranger. They date back to 
*The days of old. 
The days of gold,' 
and are eloquent of the strenuous life of the pioneer. 
Within their doors all is modern, from frescoed ceiling to 
costly rugs; but if their walls could speak, with what tales 
they might entrance us of famous dinings, when were gath- 
ered around the festal board the wits of early times, the 
legal lights before whom came the famous cases of old, and 
the clergy who had left their homes in far-off lands to brave 
the discomforts of a new life. Among these relics of by- 
gone days is the home of Judge A. L. Rhodes, beneath 
whose roof have always gathered the wealth and culture of 
the State. 

**The spacious grounds which surround the home of 
Mr. and Mrs. William A. Bowden are an index to the sub- 
stantial comfort found within. Mrs. Bowden is an ardent 
lover of flowers, and her rooms are always ornamented with 
vases filled with the choicest treasures of her garden. On 
the softly tinted walls hang pictures in which the hand of 

After Ten Years in Ptaidise. 163 

the mistress has immortalized some of the treasures of her 
flowerini^ shrubs and garden beds# while neiu: them hang 
works of celebrated English and American artists. The li- 
brary is filled with masterpieces of the famous scholars of 
ancient and modem times, for Mr. Bowden is a lover of 
literature as well as of law. 

''Conspicuous for the size and beauty of its admirably 
ordered grounds, the home of Judge and Mrs. S. P. Leib is 
'the observed of all observers. ' Prom the spreading branches 
of magnificent oaks and graceful elms, luxuriant vines sway 
to the summer winds. The velvet turf is flecked with the 
rays of sunshine which filter through the whispering leaves 
and make a scene which would fascinate the wood nymphs. 
Around the house masses of splendid color are obtained by 
the gorgeous blossoms that thrive under the care of skilled 

"All these exterior charms, however, are but preparatory 
to what one finds within the home. Treasures from pencil 
and palette are hung on the walls, while models of the 
sculptor's skill stand on pedestals in cosy comers. A li- 
brary filled with the choicest volumes, invite the student 
and the dilletante, 

"About two miles from San Jose on this historic 
thoroughfare is the home of Mr. and Mrs. Nicholas Bowden. 
The passer-by is at once impressed with the air of home 
life which pervades all the surroundings. The house is of 
large and fair proportions, and the grounds, shaded by fine 
palms and grand old elms, contain a wealth of exquisite 
roses. There are the superb I^a Prance, bearing in its pet- 
als the musky odors of the Orient, the truly magnificent 
Perle de Jardin with its clear golden color and its delicate 
and lasting perfume; the Sunset, a truly royal beauty, 
shading from a soft golden tint to a bright amber, and other 
peerless favorites in all shades of red, yellow, and pink. 
The interior decorations are in keeping with the exterior, 
and all the furnishings bespeak the artistic taste of the 

"Alum Rock Avenue is lined with elegant villas, among 

164 Ten Years in Rsnradise. 

which is the home of Mr. and Mrs. Frank H. Moon. It 
stands amid its embowering trees 'a thing of beauty/ and a 
delight to every eye. On the ample grounds the flowers of 
every land have found a home. Roses, which rival the 
famed blossoms by 'Bendemere's stream' difiuse their fra- 
grance to the wandering winds. Spicy carnations and 
beautiful asters attract the eye. Each season has its favor- 
ites, which show the loving care of the mistress. 

"The interior of this home is in perfect accord with the 
exterior. Luxury and taste have combined to make this pala- 
tial. Once within the doors, the eye is fed on the beautiful 
tapestries, the products of Oriental looms, the rare furniture 
which fill the spacious drawing-room, the wonderful hand- 
curved chairs and tables which were wrought by the skilled 
artisans of Venice, the ob;ets de luxe arranged in costly cabi- 
nets, and the statuary and paintings placed in points of 
vantage. The attractive dining-room invites more than a 
passing glance, so sumptuous are its furnishings, from the 
massive, carved mahogany table, polished as a mirror, yet 
revealing every vein of the beautiful wood, to the ebony 
chairs cushioned in red leather. Its china cabinets are 
filled with the products of Dresden and Sevres, and with 
hand- painted Royal Worcester, Crown Derby, and rare old 
Wedgewood — each piece a triumph. A music room, with 
decorations of red and green, is supplied with choice instru- 
ments, and oflfers pleasure to lovers of the art of St. Cecilia. 
Back of this is the Oriental room, where all the furnishings 
are from the far East. This, Mr. Moon has devoted to the 
pleasures of smoking, and the choice is wise, for surely the 
setting would beguile any smoker to indulge in delicious 

*'I could go on indefinitely telling of the many elegant 
mansions of the Garden City, but I shall crave your indul- 
gence while I digress a little and say a few words about art 
in this charming spot. 

*'When I came to San Jose, it was after a long time 
spent in the great art centers of the Old World, where I had 
feasted on the wonderful treasures of the centuries. My mind 


After Ten Years in Paradise. 165 

was so full of these works that I felt I needed time to digest 
them, lest my impressions would become vague and con- 
fused, so I came back to the continent, and finding my friend, 
Miss Wagner, preparing to visit California, decided to join 
her. California seemed very new to me, who had lived in 
Athens and Rome, who had breathed the air of Naples and 
Florence, and I had no expectations of finding anjrthing 
beyond wild and romantic scenery and a primitive people. 
Imagine my surprise upon reaching San Jose, to find such 
a city of culture and so much that is inviting to strangers. 

* 'Architectural art is still in its infancy, but there is a 
charm all its own in the variety of buildings, and the homes 
embowered in leafy trees, where one may find the pleasures 
of the pathless woods within reach of electric cars. I soon 
learned that many devoted art students are here, and that 
more than the ordinary number have enjoyed the advan- 
tages of travel in order to study art in the lands where it 
was cradled. True, there is no Pitti gallery to be found in 
this vicinity, no Doria gallery to woo our wandering steps, 
no ancestral galleries where the portraits of their forefathers 
smile down upon an adoring posterity, but I have enjoyed 
the entree into some homes which possess wonderful treas- 
ures — examples of the best art. I have found in the zealous 
art clubs, ladies thoroughly posted on art topics, and fully 
competent to discuss ancient and modern art intelligently. 
They are able to tell an original from a copy, which is more 
thar many can do in these days when antiques are made to 
order, and dealers have learned to impart the air of age to 
a fresh canvas. 

**In the cultured home of T. Ellard Beans, there is a fine 
collection of pictures by the best artists, and, als the daugh- 
ters of that family have all been abroad, they know how to 
discriminate, and one's taste is not offended by an incon- 
gruous assembly of pictures whose frames are their sole 
recommendations . 

**The home of Mr. and Mrs. M. P. O'Connor contains 
treasures of art procured in foreign lands, and also many 
beautiful canvases by our own famous artists. This home 

166 Ten Years in P&radise. 

has the nucleus of a fine gsAiery, and larger cities would be 
proud of this interior. 

''Mrs. J. Underwood Hall is another lady whose educated 
taste displays itself in the selection of art treasures. 
Whether it is exquisite china, wood carving, hammered 
brass, or paintings, she is equally at home in her subject, 
and to the friend who views her fine collection she is a most 
delightful teacher and guide. 

''The McLaughlin home is another treasure house; and 
the Mabury mansion holds a wonderful collection, the fruits 
of travel and research, gathered under the happiest of aus- 
pices, and those who are so fortunate as to find admission 
to these homes, may count themselves among the privileged. 

**It does not need the age of a prophet to see a brilliant 
future for the people of this city. The day is not far dis- 
tant when some public spirited man will build a gallery 
where the student of art will find all that he needs. The 
inspiration will come from the Stanford University, where 
so much has been done to bring the best to the eye of the 
pupil and the visitor. The time is rapidly drawing near 
when it will not be necessary for the sculptor or the painter 
to leave his home for study, but here will be founded a 
school equal to any on the Atlantic Coast, and then the 
crowning charm will have been added to a place already re- 
plete with charms. In art, it is also true, 'Westward the 
star of empire takes it way,' and the farthest West will 
be illumined by the star when the glories of the efiete East 
are paling into insignificance." 

The genial toastmaster then called upon Mr. Blackstone, 
with the intimation that brevity was the soul of wit, so the 
attorney made his response accordingly. 

He said: "I was only a few months in this city when I 
had the pleasure of being present at a banquet given by the 
San Jose Bar Association. I was called upon then, through 
the courtesy that ever distinguishes the members of the local 
legal fraternity, to respond to the toast 'The Stranger Law- 
yer.' On that occasion I told what I thought of Santa 
Clara County and of her people. The good opinion formed 

After Ten Years in P&radise. 167 

then, after only a brief acquaintance, has been strengthened 
by my sojourn through all these years. I can now truthfiilly 
say that the standard of the profession is very high, and 
that the members of the bar of San Jose are superior in legal 
attainments and ability to those in any Eastern community. 

'*Then, too, the profession here is free from all those 
small jealousies which mark the fraternity in other States. I 
ascribe this largely to the influence of the many brilliant 
lawyers who have made an impression upon the legal his- 
tory of the nation, and whose presence in this, the scene of 
their early labors and early struggles, has left behind a rec- 
ord deserving of emulation. Here Thomas B. Reed studied 
and practiced law. Here, too, Stephen J. Field, for years 
Chief Justice of the highest judicial tribunal in the universe, 
made his home and followed his profession. W. T. Wallace, 
Augustus L. Rhodes, J. Alexander Yoell, William Mathews, 
Peter O. Minor, and many others, eminent in professional 
life, gained their early and most valuable experience in this 
city. In this rank, too, is to be found Francis E. Spencer, 
through whose skill and ability the titles of this city's lands 
were relieved from infirmity; and here, also, the golden- 
tongued, learned, and honest David Belden won his early 
triumphs. Among the older members that I remember 
seeing at that banquet was Lawrence Archer, one of the 
Nestors of the local bar. 

**When I referred to the oft-repeated inquiry, 'Should a 
lawyer not bom to the soil locate here?' and told the assem- 
bled attorneys that they had a large and able Bar, and 
asked, *Do you want any more?' the answer came with an 
* Aye' that made the rafters ring. Thus it was that the wel- 
come of the stranger was assured." 

** Miss Wagner will now give us her experience," said 
the smiling toastmaster. To this invitation the lady gra- 
ciously responded by saying: 

**I may as well confess that when I left Boston to come 
to the Pacific Coast, I felt that I had bidden a long adieu to 
much that was interwoven with my life. I made up my 
mind to be satisfied even if denied access to clubs, galleries, 

168 Ten Years in Paradise. 

and concerts, but I expected to be hungry for music. To 
my great surprise, I found this city fully abreast of the 
times in a musical way, and ofifering as great a variety of 
music as one can hear in much more pretentious places. I 
have taken pains to search out the history of the develop- 
ment of the musical tastes here, and to catalogue the princi- 
pal musicians, professional and private, for the benefit of 
my Eastern friends, who are continually asking for infor- 

**Oh, let us have the benefit here and now," exclaimed 
Mrs. Curiosity, who was warmly seconded by the others, 
and Miss Wagner yielded to their solicitations. 

**It seems that up to the sixties, music had not reached 
beyond the stage of very amateur performances. The Cas- 
tilians thrummed the light guitar, and a few played the 
piano after a fashion, but the standard was not an elevated 
one, to speak mildly. Minstrel shows filled the places of 
amusement, and classical music was a stranger; but in. the 
latter part of the sixties, there came from Germany Miss 
Frederika Hoffinan, a lover and interpreter of Chopin, and 
she was soon followed by Mr. Bmile Gramm, a fine violinist, 
and Mr. Henry L. Schemmel, a pianist and vocalist. These 
were artists, and they began giving concerts of classic music 
with a celebrated cellist and the Schmidt family of San 
Francisco. These concerts were educational, and were well 
patronized. At that time Mr. Schemmel, who still is to the 
fore, organized an amateur orchestra which later developed 
into ,the San Jose Orchestral Society, whose magnificent 
concerts we have all enjoyed. The Germania Club was then 
in the pride of its power, and there came a brilliant season 
of concerts and operas. 

**A short time later, a new artist appeared on the scene, 
in the person of Frank lyoui King, a born musician, com- 
poser, and leader. He used his wonderful energy to build a 
Conservatory of Music at the University of the Pacific, and 
under the inspiration of his genius, music took a wonderful 
step forward. . He. was the man of the hour, and pupils 
thronged to the University in order to come in touch with 




After Ten Years in Paradise* 169 

his personality. Severe study was the rule, and it was with 
pride that the citizens saw graduated from this conserva- 
tory, young musicians equal to the students of Boston and 
New York. Later he retired from the university and built 
the conservatory so well known as the King Conservatory, 
the pretty little temple of music on Second street. His 
family inherited his tastes, and an accomplished son, Frank 
Giorza King, is now in charge of this school of music, while 
a daughter, Miss Luena King, has won laurels both as a 
performer and a composer. 

**J. H. Elwood, a great leader of choruses, came into the 
field, and soon all San Jose was singing under the direction 
of his baton. Numerous musical clubs and quartettes were 
formed, for the atmosphere was charged with music. The 
D'Ablaing brothers came with the cello and violin, and, by 
their skill, made one almost believe the story of Orpheus 
and his lyre. 

**The Burrows Musical Kindergarten method and the 
Faelton Fundamental System were first introduced into San 
Jose by Miss Emily L. Peelor, a well known teacher of 
children. This lady, who is endowed with a musical tem- 
perament and the genius of perseverance, graduated with 
high honor from the University of the Pacific Conservatory 
of Music. After her graduation she did not abandon study, 
as many do, but continued her work in the Nfew England 
Conservatory, and succeeded so admirably that her in- 
structor said that she possessed unusual fidelity and talent 
of a very high order. Having finished the course at this 
school. Miss Peelor became a private pupil of Herr Otto 
Bendix, a leading master of the pianoforte. As a student 
she is thorough to the smallest detail, and as a teacher she 
ranks among the most successful here. 

**You all have listened to the beautiful voice and fault- 
less execution of Mrs. Hillman-Smith, who has added to her 
natural gifts by careful study under masters both here and 
abroad; Mrs. David J. Gairaud, the popular soprano of St. 
Patrick's fine choiff Miss Lulu Pieper, the leader of the 
choir in the First Methodist Church; Mrs. Mary Weaver- 

170 Ten Years in P&radise. 

McCattley, who has won laurels in every role she has es- 
sayed, whether in opera-bouflfe, ballad, or the severe strains 
of classic composers; and Miss Mary Webster, whose grand 
contralto voice rises and falls like the notes of an organ, 
touched by a master hand. Mrs. Mildreth Spencer Hart- 
man has made her way into our hearts by the sympathetic 
quality of her beautifully trained voice; and you have all 
enjoyed to the full the singing of the inimitable actor, 
Charles W. Williams. 

**In private life we seldom find two members of the same 
family rarely gifted, but those who have been so fortunate 
as to meet the beautiful and accomplished sisters, the Misses 
Florence and Hazel Park, have found it diflScult to name 
their preference. These young girls, richly endowed by 
nature, have received the most thorough training, and 
whether interpreting Bach or Beethoven, Chopin or Gounod, 
are equally successful. Their voices are pure, true, and 
sweet, and St. Cecilia might well claim them as her dis- 

**Miss May D'Oyly is a pianiste of splendid ability, her 
taste being entirely for the works of the masters, and her 
skillful fingers the willing instruments of her soul. Then 
there are Miss Isabel lyongdon, brilliant and faithful; and 
Miss Augusta Schroeder, in whose heart music long since 
was voted the queen, to whose service she has dedicated her 
life. Mrs. Mary Rhodes Barstow and her accomplished 
daughter appear to great advantage in any assembly of 
musical people. 

**The organ has its artists, and a visit to our churches 
will repay those who love best the instrument of St. Cecilia. 
Clarence T. Urmy, organist at Trinity, handles the instru- 
ment with taste and skill, and deserves an organ worthy his 
poetic feeling. Mrs. H. B. Worcester, at one time organist 
of the First Methodist Church, is an artist. She was grad- 
uated under one of the best masters, and now assists her 
husband in a select music school. At St. Joseph's, one can 
hear the magnificent music of the mass skillfully rendered 
by G. C. Buehrer, assisted by a fine choir; while St. Pat- 

After Ten Years in Paradise. 171 

rick's Church makes even greater eflfort to secure the finest 
talent for its services. The organist, Mrs. James J. Connell, 
makes her instrument appeal to every heart. 

* 'Violinists abound, some of them having finished their 
studies abroad. One of the greatest favorites is Miss Grace 
Barstow, who captured all hearers upon her return from 
Europe. You have all heard Fred C. Brohaska, the fin- 
ished violinist and popular instructor, who is usually ac- 
companied on the piano by his sister, Miss Tillie Brohaska, 
who also ranks high as a teacher, and who is a skillful per- 
former, not only upon the piano, but upon nearly all the 
other musical instruments. Their names are household 
words, and no festive gathering is complete without Bro- 
haska' s orchestra. I do not need to remind you of Henri 
Bettman's skill as a violinist, and Henri Dykman's superior 
ability is known to you all. Among the younger musicians 
Miss Ethel Holliday and Miss Lyda Leib are gaining dis- 
tinction, while Miss Grace Freeman is winning laurels by 
her technique and soulful playing. 

**There are many families here, the members of which 
are all musical, and can give creditable concerts at their 
own firesides. Mr. and Mrs. Charles J. Cornell are both 
fine musicians, Mrs. Cornell handling the cello like a master. 
The family of George R. Bent all play some instrument and 
are serious students of the divine art; while the Raineys are 
another musical family. The Hunkins family is remark- 
able in this line, Mrs. E. M. Lapham, better known as Miss 
Evadne Hunkins, being a musical celebrity, while Romayne 
Hunkins is equally happy on piano or cello, and his wife is 
a favorite accompanist and a fine solo pianiste. 

*^The harp has been recalled from its temporary obliv- 
ion. The magic touch of Mrs. William J. Leet, nee Mc- 
Laughlin, evokes such witching strains that one might 
think she had found 

*The harp that once through Tara's hall, 
The soul of music shed,' 
and Miss Aimee Auzerais is winning fame on the same in- 

172 Ten Years in Paradise. 

* 'There are many composers here, notably among them 
being Pierre Douillet, the scholarly dean of the Conserva- 
tory of Music of the University of the Pacific, whose accom- 
plished wife is a great help and inspiration to him. 
Clarence T. Urmy also writes charming songs which he 
sings in excellent style, frequently both words and setting 
being his own composition. 

"This subject interests me more than it does the rest of 
you, perhaps, but I must add that what seems the best of 
all is, that one desiring to enter upon the study of the di- 
vine art need not go far afield or be exposed to the tempta- 
tions of life in a foreign land in order to gain a thorough 
musical education. One need not leave San Jose to secure 
the best in that art. The College of Notre Dame has placed 
itself on record by building a finely equipped conservatory, 
and those of you who, like myself, have enjoyed the com- 
mencements there, can bear testimony to the quality of in- 
struction given and the ardor of the pupils in music study. 
Such handling of strings is seldom seen; such power and 
sweetness seldom heard. 

*'Now, dear friends, I think I have proven my faith in 
this charming town and, I assure you, I intend to close my 
days here." 

Mr. Learning's name was next called, but as he was not 
present, Mr. Blackstone kindly volunteered to speak for his 
friend. Upon rising, he said: **I think that a portion of the 
life history of Mr. Learning will prove interesting, and as 
he is not here to prevent my doing so, I will give it to you. 

** James Learning came to California in the hope of re- 
gaining his health, which had been impaired by too dose 
attention to study while in college, where we were class and 
room mates. He descended from an old New Bngland fam- 
ily with strong tendencies to lung trouble, and although he 
saw his fate plainly written, he neglected athletics for the 
pleasure of mastering dead languages. He had seen his 
brothers consigned to early graves, and yet he did not 
pause in his pursuit of knowledge until the racking cough 
and the hectic flush appeared. He, however, had gained 





After Ten Years in Paradise. 173 

the titles he coveted, and, rolling up his parchment and 
putting it into the hands of his fond mother, he said, 'Now, 
mother, I am going out to the **wild and woolly West** to 
find my strength, and I will come back to you a whole man 
or* — and the sentence remained unfinished. 

** *0h, James,* quietly responded his mother, *I hope 
you have not waited too long. I can bear your absence if I 
know you will regain your strength — but where are you 

** *To California, mother. I am going to be a cow-boy 
for awhile, wear my trousers in my boots, sport a belt filled 
with guns, don a sombrero, and ride a bucking mustang. 
May be I shall meet my destiny out there — you know, I have 
never found time to seek the ladies here, and who knows 
but that some fawn-eyed daughter of the pjains, or some 
sure-footed creature of the mountain will make a captive of 
James Learning, Ph. D., A. M., at your service,* laughingly 
said the young man. 

** *Oh, James, remember your ancestry, my son. Do not 
bring me for a daughter one of those wild western girls. 
Her loud voice and ignorance of good manners would hurt 
and humiliate me. Whatever you do, be careful, oh, very 
careful in your selection of a wife,* and the good lady 
looked with pleading eyes on the face of her son, who only 
said, *Dear mother, I cannot commit myself by any promises; 
and bending down he kissed the trembling lips and added: 
*But never mind, your daughter that is to be, shall be 
worthy even of you,* and he went out to hurry on the prep- 
arations for our departure. 

**The trip was soon arranged for and proved a most en- 
joyable one. The grand scenery elated Mr. Learning, and 
the marvelous extent of the plains awed him. We were 
fortunate in having as a traveling companion a young man, 
a native son of California, who proudly told us the most de- 
sirable places to visit, the best avenues for business, and 
proved a fine guide and teacher. Mr. Learning found more 
and more to enjoy as the weeks passed, and when, at last, 
he stood one day under the shadow of the giant redwoods. 

174 Ten Years in P&radise. 

his enthusiasm knew no bounds. Lifting his hat to the 
great trees, he said: 'No wonder the groves were God's first 
temples — the man who does not worship here is soulless.' 
He decided to camp out in that spot to test the healing 
properties of the air and the inspirational effect of these 
monarchs of the woods. 

* 'Months passed, and he would not leave the spot, but at 
last I urged him to go farther into the mountains to enjoy 
a deer hunt. With a jolly party we rode out and soon found 
ourselves on the wooded slopes where the deer were to be 
found. Pitching our tents we awaited developments, but 
one day a straggler came in among us with 'Hello, what are 
you fellers lying around here for? Don't you know that all 
through the San Felipe country the woods are alive with 
men and dogs,^and you may stay here till dooms day and 
you won't see a calf, much less a fawn? You'd better saddle 
up and come with me, and if you don't find game of one 
kind, I'll bet you'll have your hands full to keep up with 
some of another kind that I can show you. My wife is 
taking summer boarders and we've got two or three pretty 
school ma'ams over there who'll take the prize at any 
county fair,' and the garrulous mountaineer chuckled as he 
saw us swallowing his tempting bait. As we felt that an hour 
or so in ladies' company would be a welcome diversion, we 
were soon ready for the start. 

"By sunset we reached the home of our host, a log cabin 
in the midst of a little clearing, and, dismounting, we 
entered to receive a warm greeting from Mrs. Hunter, who 
said: 'The girls see you coming and they've run to fix up a 
little, but I told 'em no need to put on any fol-de-rols for 
hunting men like you,* and she bustled around to prepare 

**When the meal was ready, she stepped to the door and 
blew a horn lustily, awakening the echoes which were soon 
added to by peals of musical laughter, as a group of young 
girls came into view. As they entered the house, they were 
presented to us as Miss Powers, Miss Steady, and Miss Style, 
but ignorance of our names left that part of the ceremony 

After Ten Years in Paradise. 175 

unfulfilled. All the ladies were simply dressed, wearing 
plain, strong gowns, which could defy bramble and bush, 
broad-soled shoes which would not be injured by mountain 
tramps, and large hats that gave them protection against 
sun and wind. Laying aside their hats, they were soon 
seated at the table, when Miss Powers said, 'This supper is 
fit for the gods on Mt. Olympus, and my appetite is clam- 

** *Well,' said Mrs. Hunter, *I don't reckon any of the 
folks on Mt. Olimp-us, as you call it, *11 be over to-night, 
but if you people enjoy what I have put before you, I'll be 
satisfied. Say, Hunter, where is Olimp-us? I know where 
lyoma Prieta is, but I never heard you tell of going over to 

** *Well, wife, to be honest, I ain't never located that 
there peak, but I guess Miss Style can tell us,' and he 
nudged the lady next him, who, looking up, caught the eye 
of Mr. Learning fixed upon her, as she said, 'Perhaps, we 
had better not tell to-night; it might break up what promises 
to be a pleasant party.' 

** Gradually the conversation became general, and Mr. 
Learning found the young ladies particularly interesting, 
so much so, that when the supper was over and the others 
went out to look after the horses and dogs, he remained on 
the porch with the three. Bit by bit, scraps of personal his- 
tory were disclosed, and before separating for the night, 
they were well acquainted. When the early morning came, 
Mr. Learning had decided that he did not care to hunt and 
kill the pretty harmless deer, but that he would remain and 
look around, in company with one or all of these charming 

*'I joked him a little, but to my sallies he only answered, 
*There is no lust for killing in my blood, unless just now it 
be to kill time, so be oflf, and success to you.' 

**During my absence, a trip to the little mountain stream 
was proposed, and the party, taking a basket of lunch, 
went oflf for the day. This was but a prelude to many ex- 
cursions, during the course of which the surrounding 

176 Ten Years in Paradise. 

country was thoroughly explored, and more than that, a 
spirit of companionship was cultivated. Before leaving the 
mountain retreat, it was understood that Miss Style and Mr. 
Learning would again meet at the Vendome, where a party 
of friends was to be gathered for a few weeks. 

**Mr. Learning found that when Miss Style left some- 
thing had gone from his life, and he began to grow restless 
and to wish for the time of their meeting. He bade adieu 
to his kind hostess and came to San Jose, where he again 
resumed the ordinary mode of life. He varied the days by 
trips to the Leland Stanford University, where he at once 
came into contact with his old life and with men of letters, 
or to Berkeley, where he found the inspiring touch of nature 
in harmony with art. He was pleased to have scholarly 
and scientific men for companions and to find his strength 
of body renewed and his mind refreshed. At last the longed 
for time came, and when Miss Style and her friends alighted 
from the carriage, they found Mr. Learning awaiting them 
on the hotel steps, and the look in his eyes and the cordial 
grasp of his hand told volumes, as he assisted his friends to 
the hotel rotunda. 

**I can assure you that they found much to talk about 
as they rambled through the beautiful groi^nds or sat on 
shaded seats under the trees. Here, Miss Style blossomed 
out into a perfectly high-bred woman, who was always 
tastefully and becomingly gowned, who made no display of 
jewelry, and whose every movement indicated culture. 
James Learning was desperately in love, and one night as 
they sat on the veranda bathed in moonlight, he put his 
fortune to the touch and found that he had won the heart of 
the maiden. He had written to his mother that he had dis- 
covered a mountain flower, which he intended, if Fate were 
propitious, to pluck and bring home. His poor mother 
was in tortures lest his mountain flower would prove an 
awkward, untrained girl, who would shock her sensibilities 
and be an eye-sore to her friends. She received a photo- 
graph of the young girl clad in her outing costume, and 
she fancied the sensation such a bride would create among 




After Ten Years in Paradise. 177 

her son's Harvard friends, but, like a discreet mother, she 
believed that silence on that subject was the wisest course, 
so she let her fears gnaw and behaved like a Spartan. 

* 'James enjoyed immensely the pleasant surprise he had 
in store for his mother. I can see her looks of astonishment 
and approval when he presented this clear-eyed, rosy-cheeked 
lady, clad in the daintiest of traveling garbs, or when she 
came down to dinner faultlessly gowned in shimmering silk 
and filmy lace — a true patrician. 

''Mr. Learning has disposed of his property in the East, 
and he expected to be with us to-night, for in the future 
this county will be his home. Here, he and his fair Cali- 
fornia wife are sure of receiving a very cordial welcome.'* 

The speech-making was nearly over, when Mr. Phelps 
and Mr. Grace appeared, but the latter consented to say a 
few words about **Our Neighbors," speaking as follows: 

'*As home is the dearest spot on earth, an intelligent 
man, after ascertaining the social, educational and religious 
advantages of the place where he intends to live, naturally 
inquires about his prospective neighbors, because one likes 
to feel that his neighborhood is irreproachable. 

* 'Santa Clara County is particularly happy in this re- 
spect for, on every side, her neighbors are all that can be 
desired. A trip by rail, of two hours* duration, brings one 
to Santa Cruz; while the drive over the mountains through 
the magnificent forests to the same place, repays the visitor 
for the time consumed. If the trip is made in the early 
spring, one drives under over-arching boughs, between 
borders of emerald turf enameled with the beautiful wild 
flowers for which this region is so famed. The feathery 
spirea will wave its snowy plumes beside the branches of the 
flowering currant, whose pendant racemes of ruby colored 
flowers perfume the air. Above, the madrone will swing 
her fairy bells to the music of the winds. Masses of rioting 
vines cover the low shrubs, and fragrant plants carpet the 
deep recesses of the woods — every step is a pleasure. Reach- 
ing the pleasant city by the sea, fine beaches tempt the 
bather, and quiet retreats welcome the recluse. Boating, 

178 Ten Years in Paradise. 

bathing, driving, and walking are all in order, and during 
the season one always finds the San Jose contingent here. 

*'Capitola next invites the pleasure seeker, and many 
San Joseans have permanent homes there. The beach is 
unsurpassed for comfort and safety, and crowds of happy 
people avail themselves of the attractions offered. 

** Monterey is famous over the entire country for its 
wealth of beauty, its unrivaled attractions, and for the home 
life of its splendid hotel. Here, nature and art have gone 
hand in hand to make this resort one of the finest in the 
world. Perpetual spring reigns, and the gay throng of 
fashion makes this its headquarters for months every year. 
Polo, golf, and automobiling here find the amplest field for 
their exercise, while the noted seventeen mile drive is one of 
the finest roads in the universe. 

* 'Pacific Grove is the home of the student, for here sum- 
mer schools have long been established by the great uni- 
versities, and the Chautauqua assemblies never fail to 
provide a feast for the intelligent. This spot is favored by 
the home seeker, as well as by the transient, and the numer- 
ous beautiful cottages, surrounded by bewildering masses 
of flowers, prove the merits of this seaside Athens. 

*'San Mateo is another neighbor whose riches are inesti- 
mable. Mansions of great architectural beauty are seated in 
the midst of carefully tended grounds. Superior drives along 
shaded, well watered roads, are a sufficient inducement to 
people to own fine horses and handsome turnouts, and these 
are constantly in evidence. 

**San Francisco is so near a neighbor that her wealth of 
amusements can easily be enjoyed by any resident of 
San Jose. The theaters, the opera, and the concerts in that 
city always number among their audiences many of our citi- 
zens, who take advantage of the easy communication be- 
tween the two cities, in order to enjoy the musical feasts, 
knowing that they can reach home that night and be rested 
before breakfast next morning.*' 

When Mrs. Curiosity was called upon for a sentiment, 

After Ten Years in Paradise. 179 

she rose promptly to her feet, and looking over her spec- 
tacles at the assembled guests, said: 

**You all know my object in coming to this valley, and 
I cannot say that one regret crosses my mind, for my stay 
here has been productive of nothing but pleasure. I heartily 
endorse all that the ladies and gentlemen have said of the 
advantages and charms of this favored spot, but I must con- 
fess that for a long time I was consumed by a desire to know 
how it was that in a valley so blessed by Nature, so inviting 
to the invalid, there should be such an array of medical men 
and so many of them showing such evidences of prosperity. 
By careful questioning, I learned that many of the success- 
ful practitioners have amassed large fortunes. They own 
ranches, drive fine equipages, run automobiles, take long 
vacations, go abroad frequently, and have time to enjoy all 
the social pleasures offered. 'There must be much sickness 
here,' said I to myself, but I soon learned that it was not 
among the native sons and daughters, but among the rich 
Easterners, whose health had been impaired and who had 
flocked here. During the early part of their stay, these in- 
valids proved a bonanza to the medical fraternity, for, in 
accordance with their established customs, they continued 
to take medicine until the salubrious climate gave back to 
them health and strength. The physicians' prosperity still 
continues, however, for hundreds of people in ill- health are 
constantly coming to this valley where the sunshine is 
wholesome, the air invigorating, and where their lungs are 
filled, and their cheeks are fanned by life-giving breezes 
from ocean and mountain. 

*'I was surprised at the youthful appearance of the men 
and women past middle life, but that has been explained by 
the statement that every one here takes a vacation, fre- 
quently going either to the mountains or to some seaside vil- 
lage. Upon asking if this did not prove a costly pleasure, 
I was astonished to learn at what little expense one can in- 
dulge in these delights. 'A tent in the greenwood,' or a 
simple 'cottage by the sea,' and a Pennsylvania moving 
wagon are all that are necessary to make life 'one grand, 

180 Ten Years in Paradise. 

sweet song.' Care is banished, physic thrown to the dogs, 
and the Goddess Hygeia never fails to respond to the woo- 
ing of her admirers. 

* 'I am confident that this is the most favored of all the 
places I have yet seen; and if it is not really Paradise, it 
surely must closely resemble it. I congratulate myself upon 
my visit to this Garden City." 

**It now remains for Mrs. Worth to speak upon * 'So- 
ciety as I found it,'* said the affable toastmaster. This she 
did by saying: 

"I must confess to a sense of the most agreeable dis- 
appointment in society as I found it here. 

**The Easterner is apt to fancy that culture exists only 
in his native town, and to look down with sovereign con- 
tempt upon the dwellers in the far away West. Like the 
others, I came here unacquainted with the existing con- 
ditions, and was prepared to find an uncomfortable degree 
of unconventionality, but lo, the difference. My intro- 
duction into social circles here was on the occasion of a ball 
given at this hotel. When I beheld the lovely women 
arrayed in the most fetching gowns, I saw at once that no 
city in the United States could make a finer showing of so- 
ciety ladies. True, cavaliers were not so numerous as in 
Boston or New York, for the men here are more devoted to 
business than pleasure, but there were enough to prove that 
early opportunities had not been wanting to make gallant 
gentlemen. Upon closer acquaintance, I found every evi- 
dence of the highest polish, and a social gathering in San 
Jose duplicates one in any eastern community. Fashion, if 
not the ruler, prescribes certain forms, and whether the 
belles of this city are walking, driving, or automobiling, 
their raiment is correct, and everything is in good taste. 

''Society is only an association of men and women, and 
why should it differ materially from society in any large 
city? This valley has long ceased to be a terra incognita — 
San Jose exists on the map; it is linked by steel and elec- 
tricity to all parts of the world; its schools, colleges, and 
universities are second to none. Consequently, learning 





After Ten Years in Paradise. 181 

and culture walk hand in hand; our women are all queens,, 
not only by divine right, but by their moral worth and their 
acquired elegance; our homes, if not equaling *the stately 
homes of England,' are beautiful and costly; our churches 
are filled with intelligent congregations, which are minis- 
tered to by eloquent and pious divines. Our amusements 
are the same that are enjoyed by the pleasure-loving every- 
where — golf, tennis, boating, and dancing for the younger 
set; lectures, concerts, *at homes,' for the others. I see no 
place for invidious distinctions to be made. 

"The migratory state has passed — men and women now 
come here to stay. Thus our society has reached a place 
where it will be permanent. 

**The brilliant and accomplished daughters of the pio- 
neer mothers will take up the burden of caring for our so- 
cial honors and will add new laurels to those already won. 
The task is no ignoble one. To keep alive the traditions of 
the past, and to add a new luster to the present, will demand 
all the energy, tact, and generosity of sentiment for which 
the women of San Jose are noted. That this task will be 
nobly accomplished, no one who has ever enjoyed our so- 
cial life will doubt. 

* 'Ladies and gentlemen, a standing toast, in silence, to 


Bayard Taylor's Dream Realized and His Prophecy 
More than Fulfilled, 

jHILE it is not our purpose in this unpretentious 
volume, to present a treatise on county govern- 
ment, or a lecture on local laws, it would not be 
complete without a short sketch of the beautiful 
Valley of Santa Clara, and a brief history of Santa Clara 
County and its administrative affairs. 

The county is indebted for its soft and euphonious name 
to the pious and gentle followers of Saint Francis, who laid 
its foundation and began its history, when they raised the 
mission cross at Santa Clara on the 12th day of January, 

Balboa, when he first looked out upon the sun-kissed 
waves of the Pacific, did not know that here, leagues north- 
ward, nestling, as it were, in the arms of the Sierras, was, 
undiscovered, the **Gardenof the Gods." Cortez, when he 
conquered Mexico, did not, in the wildest flights of his 
imagination, dream that here in truth was to be found a 
magnificent empire, blest by nature with all the gifts of God 
to man. To the disciples of lyoyola, the princely priest of 
Spain, was left the glory of first beholding this, the promised 
land. At once they began its peaceful conquest, established 
here their mission of mercy, and carried on their labor of 
love. The story of their struggles and that of their success- 
ors, the Franciscan Fathers, is both a romance and a sacri- 
fice. The obstacles they surmounted, the difficulties they 

184 Bayard Taylor's Dream Realized. 

overcame, and the dangers they faced are indelibly written, 
and can not be effaced forever. The record tells of 

"Most disastrous chances, 
Of hair- breadth 'scapes, i* the imminent daily breach; 
Of being taken by the insolent foe and sold to slavery." 

Thus was the way in the wilderness opened for the he- 
roic founders !of the Mission of Santa Clara, who builded 
better than they knew. Peace and prosperity attended 
their labors. The blessings of religion and enlightenment 
were extended to the natives. Thousands were baptized 
and brought to a knowledge of the true God, and happiness 
and contentment reigned wherever the sweet sound of the 
Mission bell was heard. This happy condition continued 
until the secularization of the Missions. Doubt, distress 
and disaster followed this untoward event. The clouds 
hung low and the future greatness of California was ob- 
scured until 1848. Then the world was startled by the find- 
ing of the precious yellow sands in the race of Sutter's mill. 
The discovery of gold was the stroke of fate for California. 
Its statehood changed the current of American history and 
quickened the social and comnaercial life of every civilized 
country on the globe. Then the surging tide of a new civ- 
ilization swept in upon the old. The strenuous and ad- 
venturous pioneers — descendants of the puritan and the 
cavalier — the Jew and the Gentile, the Catholic and the 
Protestant, the sons and daughters of every land and 
clime, came and conquered. Here they established their 
homes and erected their family altars. Here they lived, 
loved, and prospered. Here they mingled, married, and 
multiplied, until to-day their children and those who fol* 
lowed the brave pioneer band of the early days, have per- 
manently established a stalwart and cosmopolitan people, 
whose history and achievements are not yet written or re- 

Santa Clara County, as originally formed in 1851, in- 
cluded a part of what is now Alameda County, and was 
nearly as large as the State of Delaware. Subsequently, in 
1853, what was known as Washington Township at the 





Bayard Taylor's Dream Realized. 185 

northeasterly end of the county, was contributed to the new 
County of Alameda. The territory which remained is 
more shapely in its boundaries and more extensive than the 
State of Rhode Island. Within its present lines there are 
about twelve hundred square miles, embracing hill and dale, 
forest and plain, a large portion of which is now under a 
high state of cultivation . 

While the marvelous beauties of the County and Valley 
of Santa Clara and the wonderful fertility of its soil and the 
infinite variety of its products, and its matchless climate 
have been the subject of prose and poetry for more than a 
century, no pen has ever correctly depicted, nor has any 
painter fully portrayed their unparalleled charms in the 
language and light of nature* s bounteous gifts. The nearest 
approach to that description to which the Valley of Sainte 
Claire is justly entitled, comes from the prophetic pen of the 
great world traveler and writer. Bayard Taylor. Moved by 
the spirit of beauty, swayed by its magic spell, he painted 
the picture as he beheld it more than fifty years ago: 

**How shall I describe a landscape so unlike anything 
else in the world; with a beauty so new and dazzling, that 
all ordinary comparisons are worthless? A valley, ten miles 
wide, through the center of which winds the dry bed of a 
winter stream, whose course is marked with groups of giant 
sycamores, their trunks gleaming like silver through masses 
of glossy foliage. Over the level floor of this valley, park- 
like groves of oaks, whose mingled grace and majesty can 
only be given by the pencil; in the distance, redwood, rising 
like towers; westward, a mountain chain, nearly four thou- 
sand feet in height, showing through the blue haze dark 
green forests on the background of blazing gold. Eastward, 
another mountain chain, full-lighted by the sun, rose- color, 
touched with violet 'shadows, shining with marvelous trans- 
parency as if they were of glass, behind which shone another 
sun. Overhead finally, a sky, whose blue luster seemed to 
fall, mellowed through an intervening veil of luminous va- 
por. No words can describe the fire and force of the color- 
ing, the dating contrast, which the difierence of half a tint 

186 Ten Years in Paradise. 

changed from discord into harmony. Here the Great Art- 
ist seems to have taken a new palette and painted his crea- 
tion with hues unknown elsewhere. Driving along through 
these enchanting scenes, I indulged in a day dream. It will 
not be long, I thought — I may live to see it before my prime 
is over — until San Jose is but five days* journey from New 
York. Cars, which shall be, in fact, traveling hotels, will 
speed, on an unknown line of rail, from the Mississippi to 
the Pacific. Then let me purchase a few acres on the lowest 
slope of these mountains, overlooking the valley, and with 
a distant gleam of the bay; let me build a cottage embow- 
ered in acacia and eucalyptus and the tall spires of the 
Italian cypress; let me leave home when the Christmas holi- 
days are over and enjoy the balmy Januarys and Februarys, 
the heavenly Marches and Aprils of my remaining years 
here, returning only when May shall have brought beauty 
to the Altantic shore. There shall my roses outbloom those 
of Paestum; there shall my nightingales sing, my orange 
blossoms sweeten the air, my children play, and my best 
poem be written. I had another and grander dream. One 
hundred years had passed, and I saw the valley, not as 
now, only partially tamed and reveling in the wild magnifi- 
cence of nature, but, from river bed to mountain summit, 
humming with human life. I saw the same oaks and syca- 
mores, but their shadows fell on mansions fair as temples, 
with their white fronts and long colonnades. I saw gardens 
refreshed by gleaming fountains, statues peeping from the 
bloom of laurel bowers; palaces built to enshrine the new 
Art, which will then have blossoms here; culture, plenty, 
peace, happiness, everywhere. I saw a more beautiful race 
in possession of this paradise — a race in which the lost sym- 
metry and grace of the Greek was partially restored; the 
rough, harsh features of the Oriental type gone; milder 
manners, better regulated impulses, and a keen apprecia- 
tion of the arts which enrich and embellish life. Was it 
only a dream?** 

This vision was not all a dream. The prophecy was 
long ago fulfilled. The line of rail has for years carried 

Bayard Taylor's Dream Realized. 187 

luxurious trains from New York to San Jose. The journey, 
easily made in five days, is a continuing delight and an in- 
creasing pleasure. The seductive beauties of the county 
have made captive sixty-five thousand energetic, enter- 
prising, and cultured citizens, whose mansions and villas, 
palaces and cottages, lawns and rose gardens, orchards and 
vineyards, conspire with nature in giving life to the picture 
and enchantment to the scene. 

When the boundaries of the county were located in 1851, 
there were only about six thousand inhabitants, including 
the native races, which numbered four hundred and fifty, 
and the revenue from all sources for the first year amounted 
to less than $10,000. Fifty years later, in 1902, the total 
assessed value of the property in the county showed the 
princely capital of about $62,000,000, and produced an an- 
nual revenue from taxes, business licenses, and other sources, 
of over $960,000. Something more than $200,000 of this 
was collected for State purposes, and $70,000 went into 
the treasury of the City of San Jose. Nearly $700,000 were 
disbursed for improvements and expenses; $125,000 of which 
were paid for the betterment of the roads and highways; 
$272,000 for the maintenance of the public schools, and 
$116,000 for salaries of county officers. 

The legislative and administrative affairs of the county 
are managed and directed by a Board of Supervisors, con- 
sisting of five members. They are elected by districts, for 
four years, and are so classified that their terms of office end 

The affairs of Santa Clara County have been uniformly 
conducted by capable men in a prudent and business like 
manner. While the office of Supervisor is a political one, 
the electors have- generally displayed commendable wisdom 
and shown proper discrimination in their selections, and 
have seldom allowed party spirit to sway their judgment. 

The members of the present board are John Roll, who is 
chairman, Fred M. Stern, George Elmer Rea, Paul P. Aus- 
tin, and Dr. Frank K. Knowles. Their powers and duties 
are defined and specified in the Political Code in Part IV, 

188 Ten Years in Paradise. 

Title II. and the amendatory Acts of the Legislature, pop- 
alarly known as the * 'County Government Act.*' They 
are, by virtue of their office, Road Commissioners; and each 
receives as Supervisor, $1200 per annum, and as Road Com- 
missioner, $500 per annum. Among their specific powers 
are enumerated the supervision of all county officers, the 
construction, care, management, and maintenance of roads 
and highways, hospitals, and other public buildings, the ex- 
amination and approval of all accounts, salaries, and 
expense bills. They also levy all taxes for county pur- 
poses, may create bond indebtedness, must conserve the 
public health, purchase supplies, grant business licenses, 
protect fish and game, bury the dead, maintain police and 
sanitary regulations, award franchises, encourage immigra- 
tion, and generally perform all acts and things required by 
law and all that may be necessary for the full discharge of 
the duties of the legislative authority. The powers granted 
to the Board and the duties imposed upon them by law are 
most sweeping and extensive, so much so that the remark 
of the New York ward politician, when comparing the 
Grand Sachem of Tammany Hall with General Grant, the 
greatest soldier of modern times, said: **he is a bigger 
man than Old Grant,** is equally applicable to the man who 
fills the office of Supervisor. Notwithstanding his great 
power and almost unlimited authority, he has shown him- 
self, so far as the County of Santa Clara is concerned, a 
careful, conservative, and prudent man of affairs. 

The county, from mountain crest to base, and along the 
flower- decked floor of the valley, is set with cities, towns, 
villages, and hamlets — rare gems in the diadem of Santa 

The city of San Jose, the county seat and the fairest 
jewel of them all, is situated in the center of the valley, forty- 
eight miles south of San Francisco, and rightly deserves its 
name — the **Garden City.*' Here are centered that culture 
and refinement which have been nurtured by education and 
wealth for more than a century. Within its limited bound- 
aries and immediate environs, reside upwards of thirty- five 

Bayard Taylor's Dream Realized. 189 

thousand happy and contented people. Here are beautiful 
homes, elegant churches, substantial schools, world-famed 
colleges, broad streets, magnificent public buildings, and 
every other adjunct of modern civilization. Surrounded 
almost by mountain ranges and thus safely guarded from 
the chill winds of the snow-capped Rockies and Sierras, 
there is perpetual summer. Not the humid, enervating 
summer of eastern valleys nor that of the Atlantic sea-coast, 
but softer and more balmy than that of Nice, with skies 
clearer and bluer than those of Florence. 

Like the Mission of Santa Clara, San Jose had its begin- 
ning in 1777. What is now the beautiful city above de- 
scribed, was located by Don Jose Moraga, the Lieutenant 
commanding the Presidio of San Francisco, with the per- 
mission of his Most Catholic Majesty, Charles III, King of 
Spain. The location was approved by the King March 6th, 
1789, in an official message to the Viceroy of Mexico, and 
through him to the governing authorities of California. 

The King in this document, expressed supreme satisfac- 
tion at the establishment of the pueblo and directed that it 
be an assistance and not a hindrance to the Mission of Santa 
Clara, thus showing that a matter of apparent insignificance 
in far ofi" California, commanded the attention and received 
the sanction of royalty itself. 

The new settlement, Don Moraga named the Pueblo de 
San Jose de Guadalupe. He parcelled out the lands and 
building cites to his soldiers, nine in number and the two 
citizens who were of his party, located the church and the 
house of the Town Council, and directed such other details 
as were necessary to the complete organization of the pu- 
eblo and its government. The original location was on the 
east bank of the Guadalupe river, a short distance north of 
the Hotel Vendome. Successive winter floods forced the 
authorities to relocate the town on its present site, the cen- 
ter of which was at or near the corner of Market and Santa 
Clara streets. 

The pueblo grew apace until the revolution, wrought by 

190 Ten Years in Paradise. 

the formation of California as a State, when it was promptly 
converted into a full fledged American city. 

In 1850 the municipality was incorporated under an Act 
of the Legislature, which provided that the government 
should consist of a Mayor and Common Council of seven 
members. Josiah Belden was appointed Mayor and, at the 
election held in April of that year, was returned to the same 

The total assessed value of all property in the city for 
purposes of taxation for 1850-1851, was only a trifle over 
$2,500,000. The income from all sources for the same 
period was about $60,000, and the expense of conducting 
the business of the municipality amounted to very near that 
sum. At the end of the fiscal year, which appears to have 
been in April, there was a treasury balance of $57, and an 
outstanding debt of $30, 000. The population at that time 
may safely be estimated at 1200 souls. 

To-day the city contains, within its original boundaries, 
a population of over 25,000, the assessment roll shows tax- 
able property amounting to nearly $18,000,000, the annual 
revenue from all the sources is $200,000, and the yearly ex- 
pense account $170,000. This, concisely stated, is the 
history of fifty years. 

One of the greatest problems of modern civilization and 
that which has puzzled students of political economy for 
years, is to find and apply the best and most practical meth- 
ods of municipal government. The scheme of divided re- 
sponsibility has proved a failure and is being generally 
repudiated, and that of centralized authority substituted. 
Ambitious to partially solve this problem, approach higher 
ideals, and apply as far as possible the best approved busi- 
ness methods, the people of San Jose, in 1897, adopted a 
new charter. This new organic law went into eflFect in 
1898. Under its provisions the city government is divided 
into three departments, executive, legislative, and judicial. 

The executive powers and duties of the city are vested 
in a Mayor, who is elected by the people every two years. 
He presides over the deliberations of the Common Council, 

Bayard Taylor's Dream Realized. 191 

appoints the members of the Board of Education, the Board 
of Park Commissioners, the Board of Fire and Police Com- 
missioners, the Board of Trustees of the Free Public Li- 
brary, the Board of Health, each of which consists of five 
members, and all other officers not specially provided for in 
the charter. His term of office is two years and the mem- 
bers of the several boards hold their respective positions for 
four years. 

The legislative branch of the municipality is conducted 
by a Common Council, consisting of five members, who hold 
office for four years. Their powers and duties include the 
enactment of local laws, the levy and collection of taxes, 
the imposition of licenses, the maintenance of the public 
health and peace, the sale of franchises, and such others as 
are vested by the charter or inherent in the municipality. 

The judicial power rests in a Police Court, consisting of 
one Police Judge, who holds office for two years. 

The present incumbent of the office of Mayor is George 
D. Worswick, and the members of the Common Council are 
Henry D. Matthews, at large, J. J. Cherrie, D. A. Porter, 
A. L. Hubbard, and Patrick Murray; and Charles W. Da- 
vidson is the Police Judge. 

Santa Clara, where the Mission was founded in 1777, is 
a separate municipality three miles from San Jose. It is 
connected with the latter city by the far famed Alameda, 
the "Beautiful Way,*' constructed by the Franciscan 
Fathers in the early days of the Mission. Its affairs are 
conducted by a City Council of which D. O. Druffel is Presi- 
dent, with J. C. McPherson, J. J. Eberhard, L. M. Kimber- 
lin, and Dr. A. B. Osborne as his colleagues, and has a 
population of forty-five hundred. The city is well gov- 
erned, and has the distinction of being the pioneer of 
California in the profitable ownership, successful manage- 
ment, and satisfactory distribution of two of the principal 
public utilities, light and water. It also has the honor of 
being the seat of historic Santa Clara College, the oldest 
university of the State. 

Los Gatos crowns the southwestern foothills ten miles 

192 Ten Years in Paradise. 

from San Jose. Its location is ideal, commanding as it does 
a perfect view of the entire valley and the bay of San Fran- 
cisco. The Gem City, as it is deservedly called, has a 
laurel wreath all its own in magnificent scenery, salubrious 
climate, beautiful villas, and suburban homes. It has a 
present population of over two thousand, and is governed 
by a Board of Trustees. G. R. Lewis, B. P. Shuler, D. C. 
Crummey, J. H. Pearce, and R. R. Bell are the sitting 
members, and James H. Lyndon is President of the Board. 

Palo Alto, another of the jewels in the crown of Santa 
Clara County, is situated at the northern boundary line, 
seventeen miles from San Jose, and is the gateway of the 
famous Leland Stanford Junior University. Its present 
permanent population is about twenty-five hundred, besides 
the university attendance of nearly fifteen hundred. The 
city is incorporated, and its business affairs are conducted 
by D. L. Sloan, G. W. Mosher. W. F. Hyde, C. D. Marx, 
and David A. Curry, who constitute the present Board of 
Trustees, the first named gentleman being its President. 

Mayfield, fifteen miles north of San Jose and joining 
Palo Alto on the south, is a rival of the latter city as a uni- 
versity town. It has recently incorporated as a municipal- 
ity, with a resident population of about twelve hundred. 
Its first governing body is a Board of five Trustees, com- 
prising Professor A. B. Clark, President, and Leonard 
Distel. Alexander Peers, Peter Towne, and C. Ducker. 

Mountain View, three miles south of Mayfield and 
touching its northern boundaries, is also an incorporated 
town, with a citizenship of nearly twelve hundred. Its 
Trustees are D. B. Frink, President, G. A. Pattberg, B. E. 
Bums, G. Swall, and Dr. C. O, Gates. 

The three municipalities of Mountain View, Palo Alto, 
and Mayfield form a continuous park of nearly ten miles 
long and three miles wide, carpeted during the entire year 
by green sward and blue grass, all of which is bedecked 
with violets, poppies, roses, lillies, and wild flowers in end- 
less variety. Spreading oaks, graceful sycamores, shapely 
elms, tall poplars, and stately eucalypti lend their charms 





Bayard Taylor's Dream Realized. 193 

to the landscape and vie with each other in enhancing its 

Gilroy is beautifully situated near the southern end of 
the county, twenty miles from San Jose, and has a popula- 
tion of nearly three thousand. The executive and legis- 
lative affairs of the city are directed by a Mayor and 
Common Coundl of six members. Dr. H. R. Chesbro is 
Mayor, and the members of the present Council are George 
Seay, Thomas Hines, H. T. Mayock, Marshall Rice, George 
E. Skillicom, and R. E. Wood. Surrounding it are the great 
and fertile Solis and Las Animas Ranchos, and joining its 
south line stretches **BloomfieldFarm,'* the extentive home * 
stock ranch of Henry Miller. While the cattle and dairy 
interests are large, grain, alfalfa, seeds, and fruit represent 
some of the principal local industries. 

Besides the incorporated cities and towns, there are a 
number of charming villages and urban communities scat- 
tered throughout the county, all of which are connected 
with the City of San Jose and each other by well graded 
highways and boulevards. The most important are Agnews, 
New Almaden, Alviso,Berryessa, Campbell, Cupertino, Enci- 
nal, Eden Vale, Evergreen, Guadalupe, Hillsdale, Hacienda, 
Lawrence, Llagas, Madrone, Milpitas, Morgan Hill, Rucker, 
San Felipe, San Martin, Saratoga, Sargent, Smith Creek, 
Sunnyvale, Uvas, Willow Glen, Wrights, and last, but not 
least, College Park, the home of the University of the 
Pacific. All have post-offices and rural deliveries, and each 
possesses some special local attraction. 

On the topmost crest of Mount Hamilton, nearly a mile 
skyward from its base, overlooking these beautiful habita- 
tions of man, stands the great Lick Observatory, like a si- 
lent sentinel guarding the treasures of art and glories of 
nature in the valleys below, and keeping vigil of the won- 
derful worlds and works of God in the heavens above. 

To close this sketch of the County without making men- 
tion of its newspapers would be to omit one of its chief at- 
tractions. The press has kept pace with the people from 
the beginning. Its enterprise and intelligence are recog- 

194 Ten Years in Paradise. 

nized throughout the entire State, and its influence as an* 
educator and moral force is admittedly next if not equal ta 
the schools, the universities, and the churches. The local 
paper goes everywhere and is read by everybody. In San 
Jose there are three splendid dailies, the Mercury ^ the Her- 
ald^ and the News, The Advocate^ the Gazette^ and the Tel- 
egram are published in Gilroy, th^ Journal, and the News in 
Santa Clara, the Register in Mountain View, the Palo Allan 
and the Times in Palo Alto, the Mail and the News in Los 
Gatos, the Republican in Mayfield, and the Sun-Times in 
Morgan Hill. All are ably edited, and have the support 
and respect of an intelligent and discriminating public. 

Such are Santa Clara County, its valley, its government^ 
and its people in this year of grace, nineteen hundred and 
three. The first lines of its history were written at the 
period of the world's greatest unrest, one hundred and 
twenty-six years ago, by pious priests, in nature's temple, 
under the shadow of the cross, amidst scenes of peace. At 
that time, on the other side of the continent was being 
waged one of the grandest struggles for human freedom 
that the world has ever known. Paul Revere had made his 
midnight ride from Charlestown to Concord. The Declara- 
tion of Independence had been signed and given to the 
world. The bell in the old State House at Philadelphia 
had rung out its proclamation to the nations. The spirit of 
that declaration and the sound of that bell had crossed the 
ocean and thrones were shaken to their foundations. The 
powers and principalities of the earth were marshalling 
their armies in defense of the divine rights of kings. Here, 
under the blue skies of California, in the Valley of Santa 
Clara, no armies gathered or advanced, no sabres clanked 
or trumpets blared. Freed from the waste of war, uncon^ 
scions of world struggles and ignorant of the fate of em- 
pires, the people were engaged in taming nature, building 
their homes, planting their vines and fig trees, educating 
their children, cultivating the arts of civilization and peace, 
and smoothing the rough places in the long road over 
which, in after years, came the truest and best of all mankind.. 

Bayard Taylor's Dream Realized. 195 

Thus has been realized the other and grander dream of 
Bayard Taylor. If, now, his prophetic spirit can look 
down upon the scenes he first beheld, his gaze will rest on 
the self-same oaks and sycamores, their shadows lengthened, 
shading mansions and temples, statues and fountains, 
schools and colleges, grander and more stately than he had 
ever conceived. Here will he find * 'culture, plenty, peace, 
happiness, everjrwhere.*' Here also, is the race he pictured 
in his dream — a race of knights, taller, stronger, nobler — 
whose ladies are more beautiful of form, more fair of face, 
more perfect of symmetry than the highest types of the best 
days of ancient Greece. 

Society Directory. 

Alexander, Mrs. Susan, 550 S. Sixth Wednesdays 

Alexander, Mrs. W. G., 550 S. Sixth Wednesdays 

Allen, Mrs. Charles H., 419 S. Third 

Allison, Mrs. M. E., 752 S. Second First and Third Wednesdays 

Misses Camile and Winifred First and Third Wednesdays 

Anderson, Mrs. Mary E., Emory St., College Park Tuesdays 

Miss Mary E Tuesdays 

Andrews, Mrs. W. Clark, 98 N. Third. .First and Second Wednesdays 

Miss Andrews First and Second Wednesdays 

Archer, Mrs. ^Lawrence, Senter Road Thursdays 

Archer, Mrs. Leo B., Senter Road Thursdays 

Argall, Mrs. F. L., 202 S. Ninth Fridays 

Arques, Mrs. Luis, 406 S. Second 

Miss Francisca L 

Arques, Mrs. N. G, 198 S. Tenth Third and Fourth Thursdays 

Arthur, Mrs. J. G., 451 N. Fifth Fridays 

Asay, Mrs. J. L., 358 S. Sixth Fridays 

Austin, Mrs. Paul P., 683 S. Second Mondays 

Miss Elizabeth M Mondays 

Auzerais, Mrs. John Edward, 343 Reed Mondays 

Auzerais, Mrs. Louise C, 145 E. San Carlos 

Second and Fourth Wednesdays 

Auzerais, Mrs. L. G., Alum Rock Avenue Thursdays 

Avery, Mrs. William N., 598 S. Ninth First Friday 

Backesto, Mrs. Anna C, 540 N. First 

Bacon, Mrs. A. S., 393 S. Tenth First and Third Wednesdays 

Bailey, Mrs. Charles E., 447 N. Fifth Tuesdays 

Bailey, Mrs. C. P., 417 N. Fifth Tuesdays 

Bailey, Mrs. J. R., 895 S. Second 

Ballon, Mrs. J. Q. A., Milpitas Road First and Third Thursdays 

Ballon, Mrs. George H., 75 George First and Third Tuesdays 

Bangs, Mrs. F. H., 86 N. Third '.First and Third Mondays 

198 Society Directory. 

Barker, Mrs. A. M., The Alameda, Cor. Morrison Ave. 

Third and Fourth Tuesdays 

Barker, Mrs. C. A., i6 Clay First and Third Tuesdays 

Barker, Mrs. Curtis M., 285 E. St. James 

Second and Third Thursdays 

Barker, Mrs. S. A., 16 Clay Tuesdays 

Barnhisel, Mrs. L., Lincoln Ave. Cor. Willow 

Miss Barnhisel 

Barstow, Mrs. Mary R., The Alameda Tuesdays 

Miss Grace Barstow Tuesdays 

Battee, Miss Claribel, 476 N. Second First and Third Tuesdays 

Beal, Mrs. H. L., Sunol, cor. San Fernando 

First and Second Tuesdays 

Miss F. E First and Second Tuesdays 

Bean, Mrs. Hannah E.» Chapman, near Newhall Tuesdays 

Beans, Mrs. T. Ellard, 489 N. First 

Miss Francis 

Miss Rowena 

Beans, Mrs. William K., 41 1 N. Third 

Beasley, Mrs. William A., 148 S. Eleventh 

Beggs, Mrs. William M., 738 E. Santa Clara.. First and Third Tuesdays 

Belden, Mrs. David, 189 S. Eleventh 

Benepe, Mrs. John L., 426 N. First Mondays 

Bent, Mrs. George R., 260 S. Third First and Third Fridays 

Miss A. L First and Third Fridays 

Black, Mrs. J. C, 441 E. Santa Clara Mondays 

Blackford, Mrs. George W., 55 S. Sixth Mondays 

Miss and Miss Maud Mondays 

Blanchard, Mrs. W. W., Alameda, cor. Polhemus Tuesdajrs 

Blaney, Mrs. Charles D., Stevens Creek Road 

Blauer, Mrs. J. W., Alameda, near Schiele Ave 

First and Third Tuesdays 

Bland, Mrs. Henry Meade, Hedding, College Park First Tuesday 

Booksin, Mrs. Henry, Jr., Meridian Road First Wednesday 

Booksin, Mrs. Henry, Sr., 595 S. Second Tuesdays 

Boomar, Mrs. Preston, 463 N. Fifth 

Bontz, Mrs. L. E., 304 S. Tenth First and Third Wednesdays 

Boulware, Mrs. M. A., 281 E. St. James Wednesdays 

"^ Bowden, Mrs. Nicholas, Alameda, near Villa Ave., Tuesdays 

Bowden, Mrs. W. A., The Alameda Second and Third Tuesdays 

Bowman, Mrs. George M., 480 N. First Wednesdays 

Miss Bowman Wednesdays 

Bennett, Mrs. E. J., I44 N. Fourth 

Bennett, Mrs. A. G., 245 N. Whitney Wednesdays 

Bettens, Mrs. Albert, St. James Hotel 

Biddle, Mrs. Julian H., 309 N. Second. .Second and Fourth Tuesdays 

Society Directory. 199 


Bird, Mrs. Calvert T., 725 Spencer Ave Mondays 

Bourguignon, Mrs. E. H., Moorepark Avenue 

Bradford, Mrs. Wager, Milpitas Road .... First and Third Thursdays 

Brady, Mrs. E. R., cor. Villa and Myrtle Aves Tuesdays 

Braslan, Mrs. Charles P., Hotel Vendome 

Second and Fourth Thursdays 

Bi-assy, Mrs. Albert 185 Alum Rock Ave Fridays 

Brassy, Mrs. F., 344 Alum Rock Ave First Friday 

Miss Louise First Friday 

Brooks, Mrs. D. Denslow, Meridian Road Thursdays 

Misses Ruby and Alice Thursdays 

Brooke, Mrs. John F., 592 S. Seventh Mondays 

Brown, Mrs. H. C, 595 S. Second Tuesdays 

Bruce, Mrs. G. M., 55 Stockton Ave., First and Third Tuesdays 

Buell, Mrs. J. L., 135 E. St. James 

Bullock, Mrs. Thomas S., Hotel Vendome Mondays 

Burke, Mrs. John P., Alum Rock Ave First Friday 

Burrel, Mrs. A. H., 509 S. Third Wednesdays 

Miss, Miss May and Miss Lou Wednesdays 

Burkholder, Mrs. Frank M., 310 S. Tenth 

Burns, Mrs. H. Whitney, 289 S. Tenth.. First and Second Wednesdays 
Byrd, Mrs. S. N., 569 S. Tenth Tuesdays 

Miss L. M Tuesdays 

Byron, Mrs. D. J., 544 S. Seventh First and Third Thursdays 

Misses Gertrude M. and Elsie G First and Third Thursdays 

Cain, Mrs. Frank, 232 N. Third Fourth Wednesday 

Miss Dorothea Fourth Wednesday 

Campbell, Mrs. Edward, Alameda, cor. Hedding Tuesdays 

Miss Campbell Tuesdays 

Campbell, Mrs. J. H., cor. First and Empire First Monday 

Miss Campbell First Monday 

Carmichael, Mrs. W. H., 312 W. San Fernando Tuesdays 

Carroll, Mrs. Mary B., 247 S. Eighth Third Wednesday 

Misses Agnes and Mary P Third Wednesday 

Carson, Mrs. Blanche, cor. McRendrie and Morse Tuesdays 

Cauhape, Mrs. Victor, cor. Whitney and Virginia Thursdays 

Miss Cauhape Thursdays 

Center, Mrs. Hugh, cor. Race and Alameda ; 

Chace, Mrs. J. R., 307 N. Second 

Chambers, Mrs. A. L., 570 S. Sixth 

Chambers, Mrs. Elizabeth, 521 E. Santa Clara 

First and Second Thursdays 

Miss Chambers First and Second Thursdays 

Chynoweth, Mrs. Mary Hayes-, Eden vale Tuesdays and Fridays 

Clayton, Mrs. James A., 471 N. First Wednesdays 

Misses Ethel and Florence Wednesdays 

200 Society Directory. 

Clayton, Mrs. Willis S., cor. Sunol and San Fernando Mondays 

Close, Mrs. J. A., 294 S. Eighth 

Cobb, Mrs. Virginia, 210 S. Sixth Wednesdays 

Coe, Mrs. Charles W., cor. San Fernando and Priest .... First Friday 

Col, Mrs. A. G., 441 S. Sixth 

Cole, Mrs. Delos, Alameda, near Race First and Third Tuesdays 

Miss Cole First and Third Tuesdays 

Colombet, Mrs. A., 531 E. Santa Clara 

Miss Colombet 

Colombet, Mrs. Joseph F., 45 N. Eighth..First and Third Wednesdays 

Coolidge, Mrs. Clarence C, 1 52 Race Tuesdays 

Conant, Mrs. Ernest W., Meridian Road . . Third Thursday 

Conner, Mrs. George W., 295 E. San Fernando 

Coppock, Mrs. E., 19 E. San Salvador. . .First and Third Wednesdays 

Cordes, Mrs. Paul H., "The Nest,** Gilroy Thursdays 

Cornell, Mrs. Charles J., 201 S. Eighth Thursdays 

Cory, Mrs. S. A., 435 S. Second 

Miss Cory 

Crawford, Mrs. E. J., The Alameda Tuesdays 

CriteSt Mrs. William, 220 S. Ninth Wednesdays 

Crossman, Mrs. W. E., cor. Miller and George First Thursday 

Miss Pauline First Thursday 

Crosson, Mrs. H.. cor. Alameda and McKendrie Third Tuesday 

Miss Mary Third Tuesday 

Crothers, Mrs. Charles F., 97 S. Twelfth. First and Third Thursday 
Crothers, Mrs. John, 283 Reed 

Miss Crothers 

Cunningham, Mrs. M. E., 237 N. Fourth Wednesdays 

Miss Cunningham Wednesdays 

Curnow, Mrs. J. R., 360 S. Second 

Darby, Mrs. Alfred C. 137 N. Seventh Thursdays 

Davy, Mrs. J. W., 240 N. Third Fridays 

Davison, Mrs. Charles W., 686 Delmas Ave Last Thursday 

Dawson, Mrs. J. E., The Alameda Tuesdays 

Miss Dawson Tuesdays 

Derby, Mrs. Thomas Howard, 413 McLaughlin Ave. . .Second Friday 
Deidrich, Mrs. Richard V., 678 S. Second Mondays 

Miss Deidrich Mondays 

de Saisset, Madam Pedro, 243 Guadalupe Thursdays 

Misses Henriette and Isbel Thursdays 

De Crow, Mrs. H. C, 53 S. First 

Dinsmore, Mrs. J. W., 506 S. Ninth 

Miss Marguerite A 

Dinsmore, Mrs. W. V., 435 N. Third. .First and Second Wednesdays 
Dinsmore, Mrs. D. F. J., 835 S. Second Tuesdays 

Society Directory. 201 

Dorsey, Mrs. Clarence A., 435 S. Tenth. . .Second and Third Fridays 

Miss Mabel L Second and Third Fridays 

Dougherty, Mrs. James, 389 N. Fifth 

Miss Dougherty 

Dougherty, Mrs. W. P., 460 N. First 

Dowdell, Mrs. J. W., 563 E. Santa Clara' Tuesdays 

D'Oyly, Mrs. N., cor. Second and Empire 

Miss, and Miss Emily P 

Dunne, Mrs. Catherine, 436 S. Third Wednesdays < 

Dunne, Mrs. Peter J„ The Alameda near Emory Tuesdays '^^ 

Dunne, Mrs. James, San Felipe Thursdays X 

Earle, Mrs. E. R., 329 N. Third 2 to 5 p. M. Wednesdays 

Eastey, Mrs. P. H., 200 S. Seventh Fridays 

Eaton, Mrs. Amassa, 530 N. First 

Miss Eaton 

Edwards, Mrs. H. J., 351 N. Fifth 

Miss Edwards 

Edwards, Mrs. Henry W., 694 S. Second Mondays 

Edwards, Mrs. T. C, 156 S. Ninth Thursdays 

Miss Sara R Thursdays 

Eldred, Mrs. E., Hotel Vendome Mondays 

Enright, Mrs. Joseph G., William, opp. Webster 

Second and Fourth Tuesdays 
Enright, Mrs. M. D., cor. Clay and William Wednesdays 

Miss Enright Wednesdays 

Eustace, Mrs. H. W., The Alameda First and Second Tuesdays 

Farringtou, Mrs. M. J., Hicks Ave, near Pine First Thursday 

FauU, Mrs. Joseph H., 329 N. Third. .Second and Fourth Wednesdays 

Fenton, Miss Nell, 460 N. First 

Field, Mrs. Arthur G.. 523 S. Sixth 

Figel, Mrs. Fred H., 561 S. Fifth Thursdays 

Fleming, Mrs. C. K., 471 E. Santa Clara. .First and Third Thursdays 

Foss, Mrs. W. F., 458 Lake House Ave First and Third Tuesdays 

Frank, Mrs. George, cor. Chapman and Emory Thursdays 

/ Frasse^^is. Irvin N^ 198 S. Tfinth . , ^. Third and Fourth Thursdays 
Frazer, Mrs. D., 330 S. Tenth Mondays 

Miss Frazer Mondays 

Frazer, Mrs. I. A., 330 S. Tenth Thursdays 

French, Mrs. Henry, cor. Delmas Ave. and Willow Thursdays 

Friant, Misses, cor. Fifth and Reed 

Furst, Mrs. Paul, 347 S. Tenth Wednesdays 

Gaily, Mrs. James, 36 S. Tenth Wednesdays 

Gaines, Mrs. W. S., 503 N. Fourth 

Miss Alice 

George, Mrs. Givens, 256 N. Third 

Gerichs, Mrs. J. C, 345 N. Third First and Third Wednesdays 

202 Society Dffcdory. 

Gerlach, Mrs. P. C, 223 S. Third First and Third Wednesdays 

Gilchrist, Mrs. S. W., 460 N. Third Tncsdnjs 

Gilkjson, Mrs. J. W., 297 S. Ninth Second Thursday 

Goodacre, Mrs. G. W., 303 B. San Fernando First Friday 

Miss Genevivc First Friday 

Gosbey, Mrs. Pcrley F., 456 N. Third Wednesdays 

Granger, Mrs. F. S., 44S S. Tenth 

Misses Edith M. and Florence J 

Greeninger, Mrs. A., 446 Orchard Thursdays 

Misses Greeninger Thursdays 

Graham, Mrs. L. F., Berryessa Mondays 

Grissim, Mrs. John de L., 1 14 N. Fifth First and Third Mondays 

Gross, Mrs. F. W., Morrison Ave Tuesdays 

Gnppy, Mrs. E. H., 691 S. Third 

Misses Guppy 

Haas, Mrs. Leo D., 204 S. Seventh Tuesdays 

Hablntzel, Mrs. C. E., 105 S. Eleventh..First and Third Wednesdays 
Hall, Mrs. Charles A., 917 N. Fourteenth Fridays 

Miss Ette Fridays 

Hall, Mrs. J. Underwood, 216 Autumn. . . First and Fourth Tuesdays 

Hancock, Mrs. Joseph E., 532 S. Ninth 

Second and Fourth Wednesdays 

Hart, Mrs. Henry, 843 E. Julian Second Tuesday 

Hartman, Mrs. Pope Catlin, Campbell First Tuesday 

Hatch, Mrs. Jackson, 354 Alum Rock Ave First Friday 

Hawley, Mrs. W. G., 66 N. Ninth 

Haven, Mrs. Lawrence, 66 Stockton Ave Tuesdays 

Haydock, Mrs. W. H., 487 N. Fifth. .Second and Fourth Wednesdays 

Hayes, Mrs. E. A., Edenvale 

Hayes, Mrs. J. O., Edenvale 

Hazelton, Mrs. E. H., 476 N. Third First and Third Tuesdays 

Henry, Mrs. J. H., cor. Alameda and University Ave... First Tuesday 

Miss Elizabeth First Tuesday 

Heringer, Mrs. A. E., 382 W. San Fernando 

Herrington, Mrs. Clarence H., 336 N. Sixth. .First and Third Fridays 

Hersey, Mrs. Edward, 650 S. Second 

Hersey, Mrs. Ralph W., 436 S. Third Wednesdays 

Hervey, Mrs. Charles H., 33 N. Third Tuesdays 

Hestwood, Mrs. J. O., cor. Sixth and Washington 

Fridays, Afternoon and Evening 

Hihn, Mrs. Harriet, Cypress Ave First and Third Tuesdays 

Hill, Mrs. W. B., 715 W. Julian First and Third Fridays 

Hobson, Mrs. W. B., 154 S. Second First and Second Thursdays 

Holbrook, Mrs. E. F., 221 E. St John Last Friday 

Hooker, Mrs. A. O., 170 W. San Fernando 

First and Third Wednesdays 

Society Directory. 203 

Huggius, Mrs. Asa G., The Alameda, cor. McKendrie 

Second and Fourth Thursdays 

Hughes, Mrs. J. M., 33 Magnolia Ave First and Third Thursdays 

Hunkins, Mrs. A. B., 450 N. Third 

Hunkins, Mrs. R. S., 261 N. Fourth 

Hunkins, Mrs. S. B., Alum Rock Ave Fridays 

Hunt, Mrs. R. D., 24 Polhemus Thursdays 

Hunt, Mrs. W. F., 516 N. First ... 

Hyland, Mrs. M. H., 444 N. First First and Third Thursdays 

Jackson, Mrs. Louis J., 633 S. Sixth Wednesdays 

James, Mrs. Tom, The Alameda 

James, Mrs. William F., The Alameda Tuesdays 

Jamison, Miss Ethel, 444 N. First First and Third Thursdays 

Miss Mabel First and Third Thursdays 

Jarman, Mrs. J. P., 374 W. San Fernando. .First and Third Thursday s 

Miss Edith First and Third Thursdays 

Jarman, Mrs. Albert H., 757 S. Third First Wednesday 

Johnson, Mrs. S. R., The Alameda and Maple Ave Tuesdays 

Johnson, Mrs. Leroy B., 476 N. Second First and Third Tuesdays 

Johns, Mrs. T. E., Los Gatos Wednesdays 

Johnston, Mrs. Edwin K., 627 S. Third Thursdays 

Johnston, Mrs. J. N., Jackson Ave First and Second Thursdays 

Johnston, Mrs. Walter S., 130 S. Second First Tuesdays 

Jones, Mrs. Cyrus, 399 N. Third Wednesdays 

Jones, Mrs. Stephen A., cor. Morse and Hedding Tuesdays 

Johnson, Mrs. C. H., 411 N. Second! .~V. . . . . . . .7 Wednesdays 

Keith, Mrs. W. E., 693 South Second 

Kennedy, Mrs. William C, 81 N. Eighth First Friday 

Kent, Mrs. O. N., 457 N. Fifth Second and Fourth Fridays 

King, Mrs. F. L., 259 N. Second Thursdays 

Miss Luena , Thursdays 

Kinney, Mrs. J., 330 S. Ninth Wednesdays 

Misses M. E. and E Wednesdays 

Kiser, Miss Estelle, Miss Helen,220 S. Ninth Wednesdays 

Kirk, Mrs. Theophilus, Hicks Avenue First Thursday 

Misses First Thursday 

Kittridge, Mrs. A. S., 557 E. St. John First Thursday 

Miss Kittridge First Thursday 

Knickerbocker, Mrs. Eugene, 404 N. First Mondays 

Knox, Mrs. Charles W., 130 E. St. James. .First and Third Tuesdays 
Knox, Mrs. Harry J., Lincoln Avenue. .First and Third Wednesdays 

Knox, Mrs. L. J.t Lincoln Avenue First and Third Wednesdays 

Koch, Mrs. Valentine, Corner Delmas Ave. and San Fernando. . . 

First and Third Wednesdays 

Miss First and Third Wednesdays 

Kocher, Mrs. J. R. 343 E San Carlos ... First and Third Wednesdays 

204 Society Directory. 

Koenig, Mrs. George J^ 28 Lenzen Avenue Wednesdays 

Kooser, Mrs. Roley S., 224 N. Market First and Third Tuesdays 

Kooser, Miss, 446 S. Second Wednesdays 

Krafft, Mrs. Lena, 418 S. Third 

Kuhn, Mrs. Carrie B., 475 N. Fifth Thursdays 

Misses Effie C. and Mignonette V Thursdays 

^- LeFranc, Miss, Comer of Market and Balbach Wednesdays 

Lamkin, Mrs. J. B., 540 S. Ninth First and Third Thursdays 

Langford, Mrs. R. J., loi N. Fifth Thursdays 

Lassere, Mrs. R., 727 S. Eleventh Third Wednesday 

Lathrop, Mrs. Carter G., 249 S. Tenth Tuesdays 

Ledyard, Mrs. F. K., 441 S. Second Thursdays 

Lee, Mrs. Robert A., 440 Delmas Avenue. First and Third Thursdays 
Leet, Mrs. William J., S. W. Corner of Sixth and William.. .Mondays 

Leffler, Mrs. J. Frank, 558 South Fifth Tuesdays 

^ Leib, Mrs. S. F., The Alameda Tuesdays 

Miss Tuesdays 

Lester, Mrs. Nathan L., Lincoln Ave., near Cutter Ave 

Miss Alice L 

Lewis, Mrs. F. B. A., Lincoln Avenue near Willow 

Miss Maud 

Lewis, Miss Helen, Miss Carrie, 60 N. Fifth Wednesdays 

Lewis, Mrs. J. R., 97 S. Sixth Thursdays 

Lewis, Mrs. H., 156 Park Avenue Tuesdays 

Lewis, Mrs. C. L., 28 N. Seventh 


^ y Lion, Mrs. Ernest P., 94 North Second 

f CLion, Mrs. Gustave F., Corner of Third and Julian Wednesdays 

Miss C. Z Wednesdays 

Lion, Mrs. H. J., 121 East Julian Second and Fourth Wednesdays 

Longdon, Mrs. B. C, 268 N. Second First Wednesday 

Miss S. Isabel First Wednesday 

Lorigan, Mrs. W. G., 408 South Fifth 

Losse, Mrs. H. E., 60 Stockton Avenue. . .First and Third Thursdays 

Miss First and Third Thursdays 

Lotz, Mrs. Joseph A., 116 South Ninth Thursdays 

Lumbard, Mrs. G. B., 496 South Second. First and Third Wednesdays 
vJl Lynn, Mrs. Michael, Morse and McKendrie.First and Third Thursdays 

Miss Maebel First and Third Thursdays 

>i. Lyndon, Mrs. John, Los Gatos Tuesdays 

Lyon, Mrs. W. P., Edenvale 

Mabury, Mrs. H., McKendrie, corner of Morse Tuesdays 

Miss and Miss Bella Tuesdays 

Mabury, Mrs. M., 306 North First 

Miss Mary 

Macaulay, Mrs. J. W., 93 Hobson Thursdays 

Society Directory. 205 

Miss Hazel Thursday 

MacBride, Mrs. C. G. H., Alum Rock Ave., comer Jones 

First and Third Fridays 
MacChesney, Mrs. A. C, The Alameda, S. E. cor. University Ave. . . 

MacChesney, Mrs. T. C, cor. Myrtle and Emory 

First, Second and Third Tuesdays 

Miss First, Second and Third Tuesdays 

Mackenzie, Miss, 219 S. Market 

Miss Isabel 

MacLouth, Mrs. Chas. N., 548 South Ninth 

First and Third Wednesdays 

Miss lone First and Third Wednesdays 

Macomber, Mrs. J. H., 453 N. Third Fridays 

Miss Esther Fridays 

Madsen, Mrs. Alfred, 100 N. Eleventh . . . First and Second Thursdays 

Miss Mabel First and Second Thursdays 

Main, Mrs. H. H., 148 South Second Thursdays 

Miss E. June Thursdays 

Manzer, Mrs. John, 81 North Ninth 

Marten, Mrs. A. H., 293 South Second First and Third Mondays 

Martin, Mrs. C. J., 296 South Third Wednesdays 

Martin, Mrs. H. B., 329 South Fifth . .Second and Fourth Wednesdays 

Masson, Mrs. Paul, cor. Market and Balbach Wednesdays 

Mastic, Mrs. M. C, Hotel Vendome Mondays 

Mathews, Mrs. H. D., 241 N. First Mondays 

Mauvais, Mrs. R., 50 Stockton Ave., Second and Third Tuesdays 

May, Mrs. A. C, 679 South Second Mondays 

Miss Mondays 

May, Mrs. George B., 409 North Second Tuesdays 

Maynard, Mrs. E. W., 394 West San Fernando 

First and Third Fridays 

Maynard, Mrs. S. C, 174 North Third First and Third Fridays 

Maynard, Mrs. Charles C, Settle Avenue near Willow 


McAneny, Mrs. G. B., Hotel Vendome Mondays 

McCarthy, Mrs. J., The Alameda Tuesdays 

McCauley, Mrs. Mary Weaver, 122 South Fifth 

McClish, Mrs. Eli, Elm, near Emory 

McColl, Mrs. Wilbur, 55.East Julian. 

McCulloch, Mrs. MarfF., BrlstorTlotei 

McDonald, Mrs. Archibald, Hobson Street 

McDougall, Mrs. W. D., Vendome Hotel Mondays 

McGeoghegan, Mrs. John T., The Alameda Tuesdays 

Miss and Miss Lucy Tuesdays 

McGraw, Mrs. D. F., 353 E. San Fernando 


206 Sodefy D i rectory. 

licKee, Mrs. G. B., 234 S. Second Pint Wednesday 

HcKee, Mrs. H., 157 Sooth Third Tuesdays 

McKieman, Mrs. B., 48 North Eighth . . First and Third Wednesdays 

Miss C First and Third Wednesdays 

^ McLaughlin, Mrs. Edward, 592 Sonth Seventh Mondays 

McLellan, Mrs. G. W., Alameda near Hedding Tuesdays 

Miss Carrie Foster .' Tuesdays 

McNary, Mrs. W. L., 204 E. Santa Clara Wednesdays 

Miss, Misses Annie, Laura, and Aileen Wednesdays 

McMillin, Mrs. Y. V., 132 South Tenth First Wednesday 

Misses First Wednesday 

McManimon, Mrs. Edward. 256 N. Third 

Meirsenhelter, Miss, 232 N. Third Fourth Wednesday 

Millard, Mrs. Byron, 555 N. Second 

Mrs. F. J 

Miller, Mrs. Elizabeth, 233 N. Third 

Miss Letitia 

Miller, Mrs. H. L^ 309 N. Fifth 

Miller, Mrs. J. J., 91 E. St. James First and Second Wednesdays 

Minor, Mrs. P. O., 93 West Julian 

1 Montgomery, Mrs. F. P., 319 S. Fifth 

Miss Ella 

i^ Moody, Mrs. D. B., 57 Devine 

Miss Annie and Miss Nettie 

Moon, Mrs. Frank H^ ''Rose T^wn,** East San Jose Fridays 

Moore, Mrs. Frederick W., The Alameda Tuesdays 

Moore, Mrs. J. H., Alameda, corner Schiele Avenue 

First and Second Tuesdays 

Moore, Mrs. B. J., Phelps Avenue 

Moore, Mrs. J. J., Hotel Vendome Mondays 

Moorehead, Mrs. H. L., 121 E. Julian 

Morey, Mrs. Clark C, 405 N. Third 

Morrison, The Misses, northeast cor. Fifth and Julian Thursdays 

Morrison, Mrs. W. S., Hotel Vendome Mondays 

Morton, Mrs. H., 45 E. Julian Fridays 

Miss May Fridays 

Morse, Mrs. Lester L., Alameda and Asbury Tuesdays 

MuirsoD, Mrs. George A., cor. Eleventh and San Carlos.. Thursdays 

Munson, Mrs. J. G., loi N. Fifth First and Second Tuesdays 

Murphy, Mrs. Geo. M., Hotel St. James Mondays 

y Murphy, Mrs. Martin, 755 S. Third 

V Murphy, Misse.H, Murphy's Ranch, Sunnyvale Fridays 

Murphy, Mrs. J. C, 545 S. Seventh Thursdays 

Murray, Mrs. Walter, 391 N. Eleventh Tuesdays 

Nash, Mrs. Dorr Edward, 501 N. First Thursdays 

Society Directory. 207 

Needam, Mrs. A. W., 68 Fox Avenue Thursdays 

Miss Grace Thursdays 

Noble, Mrs. W. N., 424 N. Third Wednesdays 

Miss Jeanette Wednesdays 

North, Mrs. B . B.» Idle wild Ranch(Saratoga\ P. O. First Wednesday 

Normandin, Mrs. A., 565 S. Sixth 

O'Brien, Mrs. Maurice, 910 S. Second 


O'Connor, Mrs. M. P., Race St 

Ogier, Mrs. Margaret, Brokaw Road Thursdays 

Misses Thursdays 

Ogier, Mrs. C. S., Alviso Road Thursdays 

Oneal, Mrs. Louis, 21 1 S. Tenth First Tuesday 

Osterman, Mrs. William, Hotel St. James Mondays 

Page, Mrs. C, 561 S. Seventh Wednesdays 

Miss Wednesdays 

Park, Mrs. C. T., 508 N. First First and Third Wednesdays 

Misses Florence and Hazel First and Third Wednesdays 

Palmer, Mrs. Donald, 409 N. Third 

Miss Lillian 

Palmer, Mrs. Francis, 68 S. Tenth. .Tuesday Afternoon and Evening 

Parkinson, Mrs. M. J., 418 S. Third 

Partridge, Mrs. H. L., 247 N. Third 

Pascoe, Mrs. Jessica, 419 S. Third 

Perrin, Mrs. T. A., 64 S. Tenth First and Third Thursdays 

Miss Freda, Miss Maude First and Third Thursdays 

Pettes, Miss Anna W., 917 N. Fourteenth Fridays 

Pfister, Miss Emily, 370 S. Fifth, 

Pfister, Mrs. Herman C, 387 S. Fifth Tuesdays 

Phillips, Mrs. Mitchell, 208 N. Third Fourth Wednesdays 

Pieper, Mrs. Wesley, 230 S. Eighth Second and Third Mondays 

Pierce, Mrs. J. H., Alameda, cor. Villa Tuesdays except the First 

Misses Edith and Mildifed."". Tuesdays except the First 

Polhemus, Mrs. George B., cor. Polhemus and Stockton Avenue. . 


Porter, The Misses, 75 E. St. James Wednesdays 

Promis, Miss Lou, 246 S. Third 

Prussia, Mrs. E. E., 301 N. First Wednesdays 

Miss Geneva Marcella Wednesdays 

Quilty, Mrs. Charles W., 136 S. Third Thursdays 

The Misses Thursdays 

Raley, Mrs. Wilbur, 315 N. Fifth First and Second Wednesdays 

Rankin, Mrs. W. B. , Los Gatos Tuesdays 

Miss Mabel Tuesdays 

Rea, Mrs. Samuel, 247 N. Third 

Miss Lillian 

208 Society Directory. 

Reed, Mrs. E. P., 269 N. Market First Friday 

Reed, Mrs. Elliott, 279 N. San Pedro First Friday 

Reed, Mrs. Edward C, Milpitas Road Thursdays 

Riehl, Mrs. Adam, 253 N. Third Wednesdays 

The Misses Wednesdays 

Richards, Mrs. W. S., 395 S. Third 

Richards, Mrs. John E., 338 S. Tenth Last Tuesday 

Richmond, Mrs. Minnie, Milpitas Road Thursdays 

Richmond, Mrs. George, 68 Stockton Avenue Tuesdays 

Roberts, Mrs. Jeremiah B., 135 S. Tenth First Wednesday 

Miss First Wednesday 

Rogers, Mrs. W. H., 1 124 S. Second 

Ross, Mrs. F. C, 557 N. Fourth Fridays 

Ross, Mrs. F. H., 481 N. Third 


Rucker, Mrs. Joseph H., cor. Lincoln and Pine Avenues 

First and Third Fridays 

Russell, Mrs. John H., Myrtle near University Avenue Tuesdays 

Miss Tuesdays 

Ryder, Mrs. George W., 365 S. Second Wednesdays 

Ryder, Mrs. William G., 420 N. Sixth Wednesdays 

Ryland, Mrs. C. T., 431 N. First 

The Misses. 

Ryland, Mrs. Joseph R., 443 N. Second 

J Ryland, Mrs. Charles B., Azule Springs Thursdays 

Sadler, Mrs. J. W., 12 S. Fifth First Thursday 

Sage, Mrs. Sarah E., 226 N. Market First and Fourth Tuesdays 

Sage, Mrs. Louis A., Saratoga 

Sanders, Mrs. S. P., Cupertino Wednesdays 

The Misses Sanders Wednesdays 

Schneider, Mrs. F. A., cor. Rmory and Laurel 

First and Third Tuesdays 

Schneider, Mrs. F. A. Jr., cor. Emory and Laurel 

First and Third Tuesdays 

Schoenheit, Mrs. Augustus A., 325 N. Fifth First Tuesday 

Schoenheit, Mrs. Augustus G., 73 E. Julian 

Miss Schoenheit ! ' 

Sexton, Miss Kate, 1 17 N. Fifth Third Saturday 

Shrimplin, Mrs. D., 30 S. Fifth Wednesdays 

Shoup, Mrs. Paul, cor. San Fernando and Whitney 

Shumate, Mrs. A. E., 333 N. Fifth Thursdays 

Simpson, Mrs. William, 142 N. Third. .First and Third Wednesdays 
Singletary, Mrs. E. C, 80 Stockton Ave..Second and Fourth Tuesdays 
.Singleton, Mrs. Pauline, 852 S. Third Thursdays 

The Misses Singleton Thursdays 

Society Directory. 209 

Sinnott, Mrs. D. K., 283 Guadalupe First and Third Thursdays 

The Misses Sinnott First and Third Thursdays 

Smith, Mrs. Frances, **Dana Farm," Bascom Ave Wednesdays 

Smith, Mrs. Bradley, Minnesota Ave Wednesdays 

Smith, Mrs. B. O., 322 N. First 

Smith, Mrs. Hillman- 322 N. First 

Smith, Mrs. Frank E., 1 128 S. Second 

Smith, Mrs. Sanford E., 552 S. Second 

Smith, Mrs. Payton, 210 S. Ninth Wednesdays 

Smith, Miss Lillian D., 318 S. Tenth. .First and Second Wednesdays 

Smith, Mrs. Luella, 503 N. Fourth 

Smith, Miss Ada E. Tennant, St. James Hotel Fridays 

Snook, Mrs. M. E., 69 Devine 

Sonniksen, Mrs. Louis, 99 S. Eleventh Thursdays 

South worth, Mrs. M. A., 31 N. Second Thursdays 

Spencer, Mrs. H. A., 378 E. St. John Thursdays 

Miss Elinor Thursdays 

Spiers, Mrs. Tyrone P., 394 S. Tenth Fridays 

Steele, Mrs. W. Abbott, 419 N. Second First and Third Mondays 

Stephenson, Mrs. J. F., 317 S. Third Tuesdays 

Sterling, Mrs. Edward T., 145 E. San Carlos 

Second and Fourth Wednesdays 
Stern, Mrs. Fred M., 349 E. St. John. . . First and Second Thursdays 

Sterne, Mrs. H. R., 236 N. Sixth First and Third Fridays 

Stillman, Mrs. Charles, 222 S. Seventh . First and Third Wednesdays 

Miss Stillman First and Third Wednesdays 

Stock, Mrs. F., 796 S. Third Thursdays 

Stock, Mrs. P. H., 331 S. Second 

Stocking, Mrs, Leonard, Agnews Fridays 

Miss Stocking Fridays 

Sweigert, Mrs. George A., Sweigert Road . ; 

Syer, Mrs. Robert, Milpitas Road Thursdays 

Taaffe, The Misses,^ 361 S. Market Thursdays 

Taber, Mrs. Augusta, 313 S. Tenth Second and Fourth Fridays 

Miss Cornelia Second and Fourth Fridays 

Taylor, Miss Irene Frances, 216 S. Second Mondays 

Taylor, Mrs. Frederick A., 301 N. Third Wednesdays 

Tennis, Mrs. M., 297 S. Ninth Second Thursday 

Thayer, Mrs. B. W., 311 N. Second First and Fourth Tuesdays 

Theuerkauf, Mrs. G. W., Villa Ave. near the Alameda Mondays 

Miss Florence Mondays 

Thomdike, Mrs. A. P First and Third Tuesdays 

Thomas, Mrs. Margaret, Alviso Road Thursdays 

Tompkins, Mrs. S. G., 395 N. Third Wednesdays 

Tormey, Mrs. James, 589 S. Thirteenth Wednesdays 

The Misses Tormey Wednesdays 

210 Society Directory. 

Townsend, Mrs. J. H. M., Schallenberger Ave 

The Misses Townseud 

Travis, Mrs. J. Charles, 1128 S. Second 

Trimble, Mrs. John, Milpitas Road Thursdays 

Miss Trimble Thursdays 

Trueman, Mrs. J. E., 360 E. Santa Clara Fridays 

Turel, Mrs. J., 169 Orchard First and Third Tuesdays 

Miss Turel First and Third Tuesdays 

Tuttle, Mrs. Hiram D., 535 E. Santa Clara 

TuUy, The Misses, McLaughlin Ave. and TuUy Road 

Van Dalseni, Mrs. W. S., 68 S. Sixth Tuesdays 

Van Hagan, Mrs. E. D., 57 King First and Second Mondays 

The Misses Van Hagan First and Second Mondays 

Wagener, Mrs. Samuel H., 82 E. San Salvador 

Wakefield, Dr. J. B., 168 S. Tenth Thursdays 

Miss Wakefield Thursda3-s 

Waldo, Mrs. J. A., Bird Ave First and Third Fridays 

The Misses Waldo First and Third Fridays 

Wallace, Mrs. John T., 14 Lucretia Ave Fourth Tuesday 

Walter, Mrs, Carrie Stevens, 600 N. Third. .First and Third Fridays 

The Misses Walter First and Third Fridays 

Walter, Mrs. Charles H., cor. Sixth and Washington 

First and Third Wednesdays 
Ward, Mrs. W. B., 206 Orchard 

The Misses Ward 

Washburn, Mrs. Arthur, 165 Devine First Friday 

Miss lyucy Fi rst Friday 

Wastie, Miss Clara, 546 N. Third 

Wayland, Mrs. Charles A., 140 N. Third Wednesdays 

Webster, Mrs. E. P., 417 E. Santa Clara. .First and Fourth Thursdays 

Miss Flora First and Fourth Thursdays 

Webster, Mrs. William M., 84 N. Ninth Wednesdays 

Miss Mary E Wednesdays 

Wehner, Mrs. William, vSan Felipe Road 

Miss Wehner 

Welch, Mrs. J. R., 253 S. Eighth First and Fourth Wednesdays 

Wells, Mrs. George S., 787 S. Third Tuesdays 

Whitney, Mrs. J. R First and Second Wednesdays 

Whitton, Mrs. A. K., Quimby Road 

Wilcox, Mrs. Mary E.. 80 N. Eleventh 

Wilcox, Mrs. C. F., 567 S. Eighth 

The Misses Wilcox 

Wilcox, Mrs. E. J., 97 S. First 

Miss Wilcox 

Williams, Mrs. A. S., 271 Prevost 

Miss Williams 

Society Directory. 211 

Williams, Mrs. Edward, 609 S. Third. .First and Second Wednesdays 

The Misses Williams First and Second Wednesdays 

Williams, Mrs. H. E., 374 W. San Fernando 

First and Third Thursdays 

Wing, Mrs. J. B., The Alameda, cor. Morrison Ave Tuesdays 

Williams, Mrs. Charles W., 70 E. Julian 

Woodrow, Mrs. W. L., 260 N. Third First Wednesday 

Miss Woodrow First Wednesday 

Woodward, Mrs. J. A., 405 S. Tenth 

Worswick, Mrs. G. D., 75 Fox Ave. . . . First and Fourth Wednesdays 

Wright, Miss Kathryn M., 217 N. First Wednesdays 

Wright, Miss Hannah, 312 S. Second 

Yoell, Mrs. J. H., The Alameda First and Third Fridays 

Younger, Mrs. Coleman, Alviso Road 

The Misses Younger 


Alden, Mrs. Edward, Jackson near Benton Mondays 

Alderman, Mrs. Fred A., 807 Washington 

Beattie, Mrs. D. A., 1075 Benton Second and Third Thursdays 

Birge, Mrs. F. A., 1009 Harrison..Second, Third, and Fourth Thursdays 

-j^ Bond, Mrs. Hiram G., 1000 Franklin 

X Bond, Mrs. Louis H., 1000 Franklin 

Bray, Mrs. George, Scott Lane 

Eberhard, Mrs. J., 575 Grant • 

The Misses Eberhard 

y Fatjo, Mrs. L. M., 899 Main 

Fosgate, Mrs. W. J., 1 1 1 5 Benton Tuesdays 

Fowler, Mrs. G. W., 472 Washington First and Third Wednesdays 

Harris, Mrs. Albert, 1889 Market Thursdays 

Higgins, Mrs. L. E.. 1210 Jefferson Mondays 

Jordan, Mrs. E. A., 1 191 Fremont Thursdays 

Miss Jordan Thursdays 

^ Landrum, Miss M., 1217 Santa Clara Ave 

Lauck, The Misses, 781 Fremont First and Third Thursdays 

Machefert, Mrs. Fred L., cor. Lincoln and Benton. ..... .Wednesdays 

^ Morse, Mrs. C. C, 981 Fremont Thursdays 

The Misses Morse Thursdays 

Paul, Mrs. Judson Waldo, 1 1 16 Washington 

First, Second, and Third Fridays 

Pfister, Mrs. Henry A., cor. Franklin and Jefferson 

Pierce, Mrs. R. T., Homestead Road Thursdays 

212 Society Directory. 

Post, Mrs. A. H., 1300 Franklin 

Miss Post 

Saze, Mrs. Smith, 1591 Liberty Second and Fourth Fridays 

Bennett, Mrs. S., Bascom Road 

Smith, Mrs. Leigh Richmond, 1216 N. Washington Saturdays 



II. r. BROSlUft ft CO.