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Full text of "Testimony of Arnold Johnson, legislative director of the Communist Party, U. S. A. Hearing before the Committee on Un-American Activities, Eighty-sixth Congress, first session. September 22, 1959"

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HARVARD COLLEGE 
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GIFT OF THE 



GOVERNMENT 
OF THE UNITED STATES 



us Doc 2.791 



Committee on Un-American Activities 
House 
86th Congress 



Table of Contents 

(Since these hearings are consecutively paged 
they are arranged by page number, instead of 
alphabetically by title) 



1. American National Exhibition, Moscow, ^/^d 
July 1959 

2. Communist Training Operations, pt.l ^IQ ' 



5. Testimony of Clinton Edward Jencks %)'^^ 

1W^ 



k. Testimony of Arnold Johnson, Legislative 
Director of the Communist Party, U.S.A. 



5-7. Western Section of the Southern California ^ ^^/ 
District of the Communist Party, pt.1-5 

8. Issues Presented by Air Reserve Center %tuC 
Training Manual 

9-10. Communist Training Operations, pt. 2-5 



11-12. Communist Activities Among Rierto Ricans in 
New York City and Puerto Rico, pt.1-2 



^i*f^ 






i 

TESTIMONY OF ARNOLD JOHNSON, LEGISLATIVE 
DIRECTOR OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY, U.S.A. 



HEARING 

BEFORE THE 

COMMITTEE ON UN-AMEEICAN ACTIVITIES 
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 

EIGHTY-SIXTH CONGRESS 

FIRST SESSION 



SEPTEMBER 22, 1959 
(INCLUDING INDEX) 



Printed for the use of the Committee on Un-American Activities 

MRVAfiD COLLEGE UeR.Ry 
. OECosnTO BY VAC 

OCT 2\^\'^^<^ 




UNITED STATES 
GOVERNMENT PRINTHfO OFFICE 
*«M4 WASHINGTON : 1969 



COMMITTEE ON UN-AMERICAN ACTIVITIES 

United States House of Repkesentativbs 

FRANCIS E. WALTER, Pennsylvania, Chairman 
MORGAN M MOULDER, Missouri DONALD L. JACKSON, California 

CLYDE DOYLE, California GORDON H. SCHERER, Ohio 

EDWIN E WILLIS, Louisiana WILLIAM E. MILLER, New York 

WILLIAM M. TUCK, Virginia AUGUST E. JOHANSEN, Michigan 

RiCHABD Arens, Staff Director 

11 



CONTENTS 



Page 

Synopsis 1105 

September 22, 1959: Testimony of— 

Arnold Johnson 1107 

Index i 



m 



k 



Public Law 601, 79th Congress 

The legislation under which the House Committee on Un-American 
Activities operates is Public Law 601, 79th Congress [1946], chapter 
753, 2d session, wliich provides: 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States 
of America in Congress assembled, * * * 

PART 2— RULES OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 

Rule X 

SEC. 121. STANDING COMMITTEES 
******* 

18. C'ommittee on Un-American Activities, to consist of nine Members. 

Rule XI 

POWERS AND DUTIES OF COMMITTEES 
* * * * * * * 

(q) (1) Committee on Un-American Activities. 

(A) Un-American activities. 
F (2) The Committee on Un-American Activities, as a whole or by subcommit- 
tee, is authorized to make from time to time investigations of (i) the extent, 
character, and objects of un-American propaganda activities in the United States, 
(ii) the diffusion within the United States of subversive and un-American propa- 
ganda that is instigated from foreign countries or of a domestic origin and attacks 
the principle of the form of government as guaranteed by our Constitution, and 
(iii) all other questions in relation thereto that would aid Congress in any necessary 
remedial legislation. 

The Committee on Un-American Activities shall report to the House (or to the 
Clerk of the House if the House is not in session) the results of any such investi- 
gation, together with such recommendations as it deems advisable. 

For the purpose of any such investigation, the Committee on Un-American 
Activities, or any subcommittee thereof, is authorized to sit and act at such 
times and places within the United States, whether or not the House is sitting, 
has recessed, or has adjourned, to hold such hearings, to require the attendance 
of such witnesses and the production of such books, papers, and documents, and 
to take such testimony, as it deems necessary. Subpenas may be issued under 
the signature of the chairman of the committee or any subcommittee, or by any 
member designated by any such chairman, and may be served by any person 
designated by Siixy such chairman or member. 



Rule XII 

LEGISLATIVE OVERSIGHT BY STANDING COMMITTEES 

Sec. 136. To assist the Congress in appraising the administration of the laws 
and in developing such amendments or related legislation as it may deem neces- 
sary, each standing committee of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
shall exercise continuous watchfulness of the execution by the administrative 
agencies concerned of any laws, the subject matter of which is within the jurisdic- 
tion of such committee; and, for that purpose, shall study all pertinent reports 
and data submitted to the Congress by the agencies in the executive branch of 
the Government. 



1 



RULES ADOPTED BY THE 86TH CONGRESS 

House Resolution 7, January 7, 1959 

i^ ***** * 

Rule X 

STANDING COMMITTEES 

1. There shall be elected by the House, at the commencement of each Con- 
gress, 

******* 
(q) Committee on Un-American Activities, to consist of nine Members. 

******* 

Rule XI 

POWERS AND DUTIES OF COMMITTEES 
******* 

18. Committee on Un-American Activities. 

(a) Un-American activities. 

(b) The Committee on Un-American Activities, as a whole or by subcommittee, 
is authorized to make from time to time investigations of (1) the extent, char- 
acter, and objects of un-American propaganda activities in the United States, 
(2) the diffusion within the United States of subversive and un-American prop- 
aganda that is instigated from foreign countries or of a domestic origin and 
attacks the principle of the form of government as guaranteed by our Constitu- 
tion, and (3) all other questions in relation thereto that would aid Congress 
in any necessary remedial legislation. 

The Committee on Un-American Activities shall report to the House (or to the 
Clerk of the House if the House is not in session) the results of any such investi- 
gation, together with such recommendations as it deems advisable. 

For the purpose of any such investigation, the Committee on Un-American 
Activities, or any subcommittee thereof, is authorized to sit and act at such times 
and places within the United States, whether or not the House is sitting, has 
recessed, or has adjourned, to hold such hearings, to require the attendance 
of such witnesses and the production of such books, papers, and documents, and 
to take such testimony, as it deems necessary. Subpenas may be issued under 
the signature of the chairman of the committee or any subcommittee, or by^any 
member designated by any such chairman, and may be served by any person 
designated by any such chairman or member. 

******* 

26. To assist the House in appraising the administration of the laws and in 
developing such amendments or related legislation as it may deem necessary, 
each standing committee of the House shall exercise continuous watchfulness 
of the execution by the administrative agencies concerned of any laws, the subject 
matter of which is within the jurisdiction of such committee; and, for that 
purpose, shall study all pertinent reports and data submitted to the House by 
the agencies in the executive branch of the Government. 

VI 



SYNOPSIS 

Arnold Johnson, legislative director of the Communist Party, 
U.S.A., appeared in response to a subpena and testified in executive 
session on September 22, 1959. 

Mr. Johnson was interrogated on a number of items of vital concern 
to the Committee on Un-American Activities, but refused to answer 
any of the principal questions on the ground, among others, that his 
answers might incriminate him. 

Among the items of information concerning which the committee 
sought to elicit information from Mr. Johnson were — 

his lobbying activities in the Nation's Capital on behalf of the 
Commimist movement; 

his participation in a television movie being filmed entitled, 
"Dissent in Ajnerica" : 

his activities as an instructor at the Faculty of Social Science 
in New York City ; and 

his recent trip to key cities in the United States for the purpose 
of meeting with other members of the Communist Party to 
assemble information for BIhrushchev to be used by him during 
his visit to the United States. 

1105 



TESTIMONY OF ARNOLD JOHNSON, LEGISLATIVE 
DIRECTOR OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY, U.S.A. 



TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1959 

United States House of Representatives, 

Subcommittee of the 
Committee on Un-American Activities, 

Washington^ D.C. 
executive session ^ 

A subcommittee of the Committee on Un-American Activities met 
in executive session at 10 a.m., pursuant to call, in room 226, Old House 
Office Building, Washington, D.C, Hon. Francis E. Walter (chair- 
man of the committee) presiding. 

Subcommittee members: Representatives Francis E. Walter, of 
Pennsylvania, chairman ; Morgan M. Moulder, of Missouri ; and Au- 
gust E. Johansen, of Michigan. 

Committee members present: Representatives Francis E. Walter 
and August E. Johansen. 

Staff members present: Richard Arens, staff director; Donald T. 
Appell, investigator. 

The Chairman. The committee will come to order. 

Mr. Arnold Johnson, do you solemnly swear that the testimony you 
are about to give will be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but 
tlie truth, so help you God ? 

Mr. Johnson. 1 do. 

The Chairman. You may proceed, Mr. Arens. 

TESTIMONY OF ARNOLD JOHNSON, ACCOMPANIED BY COUNSEL, 

JOSEPH FOREE 

Mr. Arens. Kindly identify yourself by name, residence, and occu- 
pation. 

Mr. Johnson. My name is Arnold Johnson. My address is 56 Sev- 
enth Avenue, New York City. 

(Witness confers with counsel.) 

Mr. Arens. I do not believe you completed your answer. Would 
you kindly state your occupation also. 

Mr. Johnson. I would like to know first the purpose of this in- 
quiry. 

Mr. Arens. I would be very glad to explain that to you. 

This Committee on Un-American Activities is under a mandate 
from the House of Representatives to maintain a continuing surveil- 



* Released by the committee and ordered to be printed. 

1107 



1108 TESTIMONY OF ARNOLD JOHNSON 

lance over the administration and operation of the security laws of 
this country. In the process of doing so, this committee has, in the 
recent past, developed very significant items of information which 
have been the subject of legislative proposals by the chairman of the 
committee. The first deals with Communist training operations. The 
Un-American Activities Committee on July 21 and 22, 1959, held 
hearings respecting training operations by the Communist Party, at 
which time information was developed respecting a school operated by 
persons who have been identified as members of the Communist Party 
m New York City. The persons so identified are members of a school 
known as the Faculty of Social Science. 

According to the information developed in these hearings, one of the 
teachers in this school is yourself, Arnold Johnson. 

After the hearings were concluded, the chairman of this committee 
introduced legislative proposals that would tend to cope with certain 
situations which developed in these hearings. 

Still another phase of the committee's activities which are rather 
current deals with a report of this committee issued a few weeks ago, 
entitled "Communist Lobbying Activities in the Nation's Capital." 
This report was the result of extensive committee investigation and 
study and resulted in the introduction by the chairman of this 
coimnittee of a bill which requires revelation by persons who are Com- 
munists, or have been Communists in the recent past, who are hired 
as lobbyists. 

It is the information of the committee that you, Arnold Jolinson, 
are now the legislative director of the Communist Paily of the United 
States. 

Based on these two items of information, for the purpose of en- 
abling this committee to better appraise the legislative proposals by 
the chairman of the committee, the committee requested you by suo- 
pena to appear here so that you may be interrogated respecting your 
activities and your connections with this organization or group known 
as the Communist Party which is operating in the United States. 

Now, sir, will you please complete your answer and tell us your 
occupation. 

Mr. Johnson. Let me state the following: In the first place, it 
seems to me that your very statement of the themes which you are 
pursuing only confirm in my mind my view that the whole role of 
this committee violates the fundamentals of the Constitution and of 
the Bill of Rights. 

On this question of education, this question of exchange of opinion, 
this question presenting grievances to the Government, expressing 
opinions on legislation in the organized forms of the Government, 
that to inquire into these is to inquire into fields that to me are pro- 
tected by my constitutional rights, and I see no basis for that reason 
and other reasons which I will state. 

Complying with your request as to occupation, although I must say 
that I am very proud of my work, proud of everything I do, but as 
I see the work of this committee, it proceeds on the basis of trying to 
twist things and whenever a person answers a question it is always 
subject to that kind of twisting so that a person has to also utilize 
the full constitutional privileges of the fifth amendment ; and I would 
say very honestly I have no intention at any time of cooperating or 



TESTIMONY OF ARNOLD JOHNSON 1109 

aiding any committee where I think that committee, in the perform- 
ance of its work, is actually destroying the Bill of Rights or any part 
of the Bill of Rights or qualifying any part of that Bill of Rights. 

So, it is on this basis of these constitutional privileges as I see them 
that I must refuse to comply with your request as to occupation. 

The Chairman. As to your discussion and opinion of this commit- 
tee, I think it might be of interest to you to know that the last bill 
which this committee recommended was passed by the House by unan- 
imous consent. There was not one single vote against it. 

Mr. Johnson. I think Congressmen will regret that they would pass 
such a bill in such a fashion dealing with certain fundamentals. It is 
not to the credit of Congress when it passes legislation dealing with 
the fundamentals of the Bill of Rights. 

The Chairman. Do you mean there should be no credit to any Mem- 
ber of the House ? 

Mr. Johnson. I think negligence enters into it, and I think the 
Congress made a mistake in approving such a recommendation. 

Mr. Akens. Is it clear that you are invoking the provisions of the 
fifth amendment ? 

Mr. Johnson. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Arens. You are appearing here today in response to a subpena 
which was served upon you by this committee ? 

Mr. Johnson. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Arens. You are represented by counsel ? 

Mr. Johnson. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Arens. When and where were you served with this subpena? 

Mr. Johnson. I think for the same reasons I stated before, I decline 
to answer that question. 

Mr. Arens. I respectfully request, Mr. Chairman, that the return 
of the subpena be incorporated by reference into this record showing 
service of this witness at 23 West 26th Street, New York City, which 
is the headquarters of the Communist Party. 

The Chairman. It will speak for itself. 

Mr. Arens. Are you now legislative director of the Communist 
Party? 

Mr. Johnson. You are only proving my point that the techniques 
of this committee are such that I must again refuse to answer on the 
basis of the statement I made before. 

Mr. Arens. I do not believe the record reflects the presence of coun- 
sel. I asked if you were represented by counsel. 

Mr. Forer. Joseph Forer, 711 14th Street NW., Washington, D.C. 

Mr. Arens. Mr. Johnson, how long have you been engaged in your 
present occupation ? 

Mr. Johnson. For the same reasons, I decline to answer. 

Mr. Arens. Does your occupation cause you to spend some of your 
time in Washington, D.C, the Nation's Capital ? 

Mr. Johnson. You really do prove my point that you almost make 
it appear as if there is something insidious about being here in the 
U.S. Capital. That is an odd question, but on the same basis I re- 
fuse to answer as I stated before. 

Mr. Arens. Are you registered under the Lobbying Act with the 
Clerk of the House of Representatives ? 



I 



1110 TESTIMONY OF ARNOLD JOHNSON 

Mr. Johnson. On the same basis as before, I refuse to answer. 

• •♦**»♦ 

Mr. Arens. Please tell us if you have a contractual arrangement 
"with a group or organization for the purpose of your appearance in a 
television movie entitled "Dissent in America." 

Mr. Johnson. That is an interesting question. Eight now you are 
proceeding into the field of censorship in the field of television, not 
■only in tliis country but in all countries, and I certainly think that you 
have placed yourself way outside the Constitution again ; and again I 
must refuse to answer on the basis that I will not cooperate with this 
-committee in any way in destroying or vitiating any part of the Bill 
of Eights, and I therefore refuse to answer. 

Mr. Arens. Do you honestly apprehend that if you told this com- 
mittee that you have a contractual arrangement to appear in a TV 
movie you would be supplying information that might be used against 
you in a criminal proceeding ? 

(Witness confers with counsel.) 

Mr. Arens. This is a movie that is to be shown around the world, 
•excluding the United States, the theme of wliich is that those who 
are Communists are merely dissenters. 

Now, Avould you kindly answer tlie outstanding question? 

Mr. Johnson. It seems the whole history of this committee, what 
transpires in it and afterwards, I think that is exactly it. It is on this 
basis that, of course, I refuse to answer this question and the other 
questions relating to this on the basis of my privileges within the 
Constitution. 

Mr. Arens. Are you now engaged, or have you been engaged in the 
recent past, as an instructor or lecturer at the Faculty of Social Science 
in New York City? 

Mr. Johnson. On the same basis as I stated at the beginning, I 
refuse to answer. I think again that you are just way off base when 
you start intimidating the field of education. 

You know, at a time when eveiybody is talking about how people 
must discuss things, exchange opinions and everything, and the pur- 
pose of this committee seems to be to do exactly the opposite; and I 
think that kind of business is not only violating the Constitution, I 
think you violate the mandate that the Congress has given you. 

Mr. Arens. Kindly tell us whether in August of this.year you took a 
trip across the United States. 

Mr. Johnson. On the same basis as I stated at the very beginning, 
I also refuse to answer that kind of a question. I don't know what 
basis you are trv'ing to figure out that a person has to have a passport 
to travel around the United States. 

Mr. Arens. Based on the reports of investigators of this committee, 
I put it to you as a fact that beginning on or about August 5th, you, on 
behalf of the international Communist conspiracy, took a trip to key 
cities in the United States, including Chicago, Los Angeles, and San 
Francisco, for the purpose of meeting with other members of the con- 
spiracy to assemble information which was thereafter transmitted by 
you by secret routes to Mr. Khrushchev, so that he would have certain 
information available to him on his tour in the United States. If that 
is not a fact, please deny it now while you are under oath. 

(Witness confers with counsel.) 



TESTIMONY OF ARNOLD JOHNSON 1111 

Mr. Arp:n8. Would you kindly answer the (jue.stioii ? 

Mr. JoFiNSON. At the outset,! want to state there is no such thin^ 
as an international conspiracy nor that the Cojnnninist Party is in 
any sense a conspiracy. I want tliat absolutely clear. 

Furthermore, I want to make some other conunents alx)ut tliis. 
This seem.s to me that this is one of the most ridiculous kinds of ques- 
tions ever to ask. Just because it is so absurd, just because you have 
this whole element in it, the very context you are asking this question, 
the timing of it, it seems to me that you people would be embarriissed 
by asking such questions, and it is within this tliat I also state that 
I will not answer on the basis 

(Witness confere with counsel.) 

Mr. Johnson. Since this is such an absurd (juestion, with absurdi- 
ties in it. there is just no basis to making an answer to that kind of 
suggestion. 

Mr. Aeens. Mr. Chairman, I respectfully suggest that the witness 
be ordered and directed to answer the question. 

Mr. FoRER. He has answered the question. The question asked 
was whether he was doing something on behalf of an international 
Communist conspiracy, and he answered there is no conspiracy. 

Mr. Arens. On what basis have you arrived at the conclusion 
that there is no international conspiracy? Is that on the basis of 
your firsthand information, knowledge, and experience? What is 
the basis upon which you arrived at that conclusion ? 

(Witness confers with counsel.) 

Mr. Johnson. The whole history — and everybody wants to ob- 
serve carefully — and in this history of my own life and everything 
that I know positively that there is no such thing, and I think any- 
body else who made a serious approach to the question would just dis- 
regard every feature of that question that you asked. To speak in 
terms of the international Communist conspiracy is just ridiculous 
and it shows the political illiteracy that dominates such questions. 
There is no basis for that. 

Mr. Arens. AVould you kindly tell us then if, in August of 1959, 
you took a trip to certain cities of tlie United States, including Los 
Angeles, San Francisco, and Chicago, for the purpose of acquiring 
information witliin those cities to be transmitted to Mr. Khrushchev ? 

Mr. Johnson. As I stated before, this is such an absurd question 
and I know the whole character of tliis committee in trying to proce&d 
with a question like that, that I refuse to answer such a question on 
the basis of my constitutional rights. 



Mr. Arens. I put it to you as a fact so there can be no quibbling 
about the Communist conspiracy — I put it to you as a fact, based on 




you assembled information respecting items which would be of in- 
terest to Mr. Klirushchev which you caused to be transmitted to him. 
I put it to you as a fact, sir, that that is true and correct and I ask you 
now, while you are under oath, to affirm or deny that allegation. 

(Witness confers with counsel.) 

Mr. Johnson. On the basis of Avhat I stated before, I refuse to 
answer, invoking all mj^ i)rivileges. 



1112 TESTIMONY OF ARNOLD JOHNSON 

Mr. Aeens. Have you ever traveled abroad ? 

(Witness confers with counsel.) 

Mr. Johnson. May I ask the purpose of the question ? 

Mr. Arens. The purpose of the question is to develop factual in- 
formation that could be of service to this committee respecting prob- 
lems of passport legislation. This committee has had extensive testi- 
mony on that. You have identified yourself repeatedly as national 
legislative director of the Communist Party. This committee would 
like to have information, if it can be elicited from you, concerning 
any trips you have made abroad so that information can be added to 
other information the committee is considering in connection with 
future legislative recommendations. 

(Witness confei*s with counsel.) 

Mr. Johnson. On the basis of the previous statement, I refuse to 
answer. 

The Chairman. Mr. Arens, you said the witness repeatedly identi- 
fied himself as being legislative director of the Communist Party. 
How has he done that ? 

Mr. Arens. The most recent identification of himself was on May 
15, 1959, when he appeared before a subcommittee of the Judiciary 
Committee of the Senate and testified as follows : ^ 

Mr. Chairman, members of the committee, my name is Arnold Johnson, from 
New York City, 23 West 26th Street, New Yorlc City. I am a member of the 
Communist Party, and am the national legislative director of the Communist 
Party of the United States. 

The Chairman. Are you a registered lobbyist, Mr. Jolmson? 

Mr. Johnson. As I stated before when the question was asked be- 
fore, I refuse to answer on the same basis. 

The Chairman. Were you a registered lobbyist on May 15, 1959 ? 

Mr. Johnson. On the same basis, I refuse to answer. 

Mr. Arens. May I say, Mr. Chairman, that we have ascertained from 
the Clerk of the House of Representatives that Mr. Johnson has not 
registered as a lobbyist pursuant to the provisions of the Lobbying 
Act._ 

Did you in August of 1959, travel to Chicago ? 

Mr. Johnson. Same answer. 

Mr. Arens. Did you travel to San Francisco ? 

Mr. Johnson. Same answer. 

Mr. Arens. Did you in August of 1959, assemble mf ormation which 
you caused to be transmitted to Mr. Khrushchev ? 

Mr. Johnson. That is an absurd question, and I refuse to answer. 

Mr. Arens. Have you received m the course of the last two or three 
months any directives or instructions, directly or indirectly, from 
Moscow respecting your activities in the United States? 

(Witness confers with counsel.) 

Mr. Johnson. It is an absurd question. I never received any di- 
rectives of that character, directly or indirectly, 

Mr. Arens. In the course of the past few montlis, have you received 
any directives from any person in the Communist Party or instruc- 
tions as to your activities, to the effect that you would travel to Los 



* Hearings before the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee, Proposed Antisubrerslon 
Legislation — Part 1, May 15, 1959. 



TESTIMONY OF ARNOLD JOHNSON 1113 

Angeles, San Francisco^ or Chicago to meet with comrades to assemble 
information for transmission to Mr. Khrushchev ? 

(Witness confers with counsel.) 

Mr. Johnson. It is an absurd question, but I refuse to answer under 
the provisions of the Constitution that I stated before. 

Mr. Akens. Can you tell this committee, based upon your back- 
OT-ound and experience in the higher echelon of the Communist Party, 
if Mr. Khrushchev is presently in contact with representatives of 
Communist Party operations ? 

(Witness confers with counsel.) 

Mr. Johnson. Maybe you should ask him. It is an absurd ques- 
tion, really. I am surprised you asked such a question. 

Mr. Arens. I respectfully suggest, Mr. Chairman, the witness be 
ordered and directed to answer that question. 

Here is the national legislative director of the Communist Party, 
on whom we have information that he has been assembling significant 
information which was transmitted to Khrushchev in Moscow. We 
are now asking him a simple and obvious question, namely, does this 
witness have information as to whether or not Khrushchev is presently 
in contact with members of the Communist Party of the United States. 

Mr. FoRER. Khrushchev is now surrounded with 50 million security 
police and Henry Cabot Lodge. How can you expect this man to tell 
you whether he is in touch with anybody ? 

Mr. Arens. He is surrounded by Menshikov and his secret police, 
including his chief murderers. 

Mr. FoRER. Naturally the Communists and the Soviet Union are 
going to be surrounded by Communists. What do you want from 
Mr. Johnson ? 

Mr. Arens. You, Mr. Forer, apparently feel this is very humorous, 
but we think this is deadly serious. 

Mr. Johnson. It is certainly an embarrassment to me that you 
would use the words you use in such a hearing. 

The Chairman. We feel very sorry about it and we apologize if 
you are so sensitive. 

Mr. Arens. I have no further questions. 

The Chairman. Do you have any questions, Mr. Johan,sen? 

Mr. JoHANSEN. No, Mr. Chairman. 

The Chairman. I would like to ask just one question. On how 
many Members of Congress did you call, just prior to the time the 
Congress had before it, certain security bills? 

Mr. Johnson. On the basis of what I stated before, I must refuse 
to answer such a question. 

The Chairman. This hearing is recessed. 

(Thereupon, at 10 : 38 a.m., Tuesday, September 22, 1959, the subcom- 
mittee was recessed, to reconvene subject to the call of the Cliair.) 



INDEX 



INDIVIDUALS 

Page 

Forer, Joseph 1107 

Johnson, Arnold (testimony) 1105,1107-1113 

Khrushchev, Nikita 1105, 1110-1113 

Ixxige, Henry Cabot Ilia 

Menshikov (Mikhail A.) 1113 

ORGANIZATIONS 

Communist Party, U.S.A 1105, 1108, 1109. 1110 

Faculty of Social Science 1105, 1108, 1110 

PUBLICATIONS 

Dissent in America (television movie) 1105,1110 

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