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Full text of "Thackeray"

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JOlIN M. KELLY LIBRARY 


)j:'" 



 


DONATED BY 


PETER W. MOORE 
1988 



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WILLIAM MAKEPEACE THACKERAY 


FROM A DRAWING BY 
SAMUEL LAURENCE. 


"'!oI 
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\ 



THACKERA Y 


BY 


G. K. CHESTERTON 


A
D 


LEWIS 
1EL VILLE 


WITH NUMEROUS ILLUSTRATIONS 


LO
DON 
IIODDER AND STOUGIIT()N 
27 PATER
OSTER RO\\T 
19 0 3 



l'R!I"TED B'\ 
HAZELL, WATSON AXD ,O!:'\EY, LDo, 
LCI"VC:-' JlXD AYLESB1-RY 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 


"'11,1.1-\" 
L\I\EI'L\('I': TII.\('I\:EIL\ \, ('i/"l'([ 1 H.j

 


"', .:\1. TtL\('1\ I.: 1:.\\- (from a elm \\ i IIg h.\ Dan iel :\Iaeli
l' ahout 1 K40) 
L.\I:J\: B 1':.-\ I: F, 1'111,: IIO\IE OF TII.-\('I\I':IL-\Y'S JICrl'lIFI: 


THE ('H.\HTI':I:HCW:"E IX THE TDII': OF TIL-\('I\:FIL-\ Y 


HH'IDIO"'U TH.\('I\EIL-\ Y, V\T1I1':U OF THE 
O\î':LlST. 


nr. :\1. '1'H.\('I\EIL\ Y I'" lK

. 


TH.-\('I\FIL-\ Y XI' 1'111,: 
 \(;1': OF I'll HEI':, WITH HIs FAT1IFU .\ 
U .:\IOTHI.:n 
'l'IL\('KI':I:AY .-\
IOX(; THF FHASEHL\XS 


Hn: 
I-:r-n' 
T. 
\n;I'STIX, PAIUS, IH
3(>. 
"y. .:\1. '1'H.-\(,KEIL-\Y (hy Frank Stolle, IH
3()). 

o. IH. AI.BIO'" 
TI:EI':T. Thm: P.\HK 



O. V
, G IU-:,-\T COILHI STln:ET. BIU'XSWICK 
C
L-\HE 
})IL-\ \\ IXc; FHO\[ PrSCll: 
\n'[[OHS' .:\lISEHII-:S. 
o. () 


.. ('(}\II(' '1'.-\1.1-:,"; AXU 
I\I-:T(,III':S" 


]k"T OF TH.\(,KI-: IL-\ Y (after ,J uSl'ph Durham). 
"'11.1.1.-\\[ .:\1.\1\1-:1'1-:.-\(,1': TH-\('KEIL-\Y. 


'rill': 
TlL-\XC;I':HS' HO())I, Ih:FOIDI CUll 

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LIST ()F I LL(
STRATIOXS 



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SI.OW S({L\UE. Buo:\ll"J'OX 


('IL-\TL-\I
 DE BIU-:(
n':UE('(
n:, BOn'()(:XI':-
'WU<\[FH, IK')..j. 


)Iu. )IJ('}L-\EL AX(:ELO TrOL-\HSH . 


"T. )1. TU.-\('KEIL\ Y (fmlll a sketch 1>\. Sir .John E. )lillais, P.Hu\.) 


"T. )1. TIIA('KEIL-\Y (from thc painting" In' Samud Laurcncc ill the 
atiollal 


POI'trait Gallcry) . 


\\r. :\1. TIL-\('KEIL\Y (fmm a photog-raph) 


THE "T HITlX (; TABLE AXD ('H.UU ('SED BY TH.-\<ï\:EIUY .-\'1' Y()("X(: 


:-'TH F ET, 


(h'SLOW :-'(
L-\RE, AXD PA!..H'E GJ:J-:E
 


'\T. )1. TU.-\<ï\:EIL\Y (from a pcncil drawillp: In' Hichal'd Dodc ill thc Briti...h 


)IUSl'lIIl1 ) 


A POSTHDJ()("s POH'rn.\IT OF TH.-\(,I\:EIL-\Y (hy 
ir John (
ilhL'rt, H.
\.) 


"T. )1. TU.\(,KEIL-\ y (frolll a photograph) 



 \ P.-\(,E uF TH.\<"I\:EIL-\ Y\ )L-\
TS('HII'T . 


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o. 
, P.\I..-\('I-: GIU-:I':
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 \\'111('11 TII.\('I\:EH-\Y 


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n.-\ n: I
 K I':
s.-\L G HEE
 CI'::\IETEUY 


"T. )1. TH.\('KEIL-\ Y (fmlll thc statucttc hy Sir Edgm. BodulI, It. \.) 



'AGE 


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:3-1. 



THACKERAY 


j\ 
I I I) all the eulogics and 
all thc 
landcrs that are 
la\'ished upon the English ehar- 
aetcr \Tr
' fe\\ people would 
appcar to take an
' real trouble 
to nhtain a s]neere "ie'" of it. 
I{ hctorieal phra
L's about it
 in- 
artieulate strength and nobility 
do not ('oHIHlonly bring us \Tr
r 
loueh further. f<)l' it Hla\' be 
(ple
tioHed whether it i
 good f()l' 
a people exeitedl
' to artit'ulatc 
their own inartit'ulate disposi- 
tiol1. But. when all is 
aid and 
done, it Hla\T truh T he said that 
. . 
alliong' all the national teHlpera- 
nlent
 the English i"i pre-en1Ì- 
nently 
inlple and prof<Hl11dly 
well-Ioeaning. This well-Hlean- 
ingne,;s t'0111bined with this 

iJllplieity is respon
ihle for eyery 
(Reproduced from the Biographical Edition of ThacJ...eray's Works, one of its t'rilues, and it is the 
by kind permi
,.ion of 
Ie,.srs. Smith, Elder & Co.) 
basis of its real and indestrut'tible 
l1mgnitieen('e. But thi
 unlon of Jlloral 
oundness ,,'ith IHeJlÌal 
innot'cJ}('e is I'esponsible also for a t'ertain tendcJ1ey 1l0tieeahle ill 
all Engli"ih life and ('haraeter: the tendent'Y to get hold of the 
truth. but to get hold of it falsely 
 to grasp the fact, hut to 


- 


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From a dra;:"ÙiE; by DallielllIaclisc about 1840 


W. }'l. THACKERAY 



grasp it sOlHehow hy 
thewrongcnd. ..Ahnn- 
dred ill
tanl'l'
 IHight 
he giyen of thi
. To 
take a randolll ex- 
alHple. I wa
 tanght 
at IllY Illother'
 knee, 
11 1 the i Ilternd" of 
hnlllls and ('hildi
h 
ballads. that {-
erJHaIlS 
sl})oked had cigar
. I 
see no,,' that this IS 
true. alld "et Ull- 
fathOlllably t:d
e: that 
is to say, there are, if you ('hoose to put it ill that 'nlY. Illore had 
cigars sllloked ill (;erIllany than ill England. hut that is only he('ausc, 
toha('co being ('heapeI', 11 lOr<' ('igars of c,rer
T kind are snloked. It 
IS as if a Hindoo peasant, who had ne'"er seen a jewel in hi
 life, 
,,"ere to say that England wa
 a land of fhlsc dialllOlHls. I n India 
on1\T the rnlcr
 ]ul\"e 
such thing
 at all : in 
tlte Strand an" one 
Jlla
r h.l\"e thelll: and 

iJllllarly the ('igar i"i 
in England l11erel
' a 
hadge of luxur
". while 
ah,'oad it i
 often a 


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From a plloto by H. D. Badcocl.:, Ottery St. .J.1Ia1]1 


LARKBEARE 


The home of Thackeray's l\lother in Devon
hire 


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THE CHARTERHOUSE I
 THE TI:\IE OF TH.\CKERAY 


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('onlnlon pO
"csslon, 
like a pipe. In thi
 
nlelT ('a
lIal in
tan('c 
wc IUl\re the ('on"itant 
]
:ngli
h attitude: the 



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From a /,)aÙlti"g bJ' all tlllkn07{'n artist, Ùl tllC þ"ss'ssion OJ llrs. RÙ!u/lond RitdllL 
RICH)!OXD TH--\CKER_\Y. F.\THER OF THE XOVELIST 
(Reproduced by kind penni--sion of the 0\\ ner) 



4 


TI-I..:-\CKEJtA'T 



 


strong and e\-cn InuBble 
curio,;ity which does really 
kno". sOJllething about 
t()reign nations. hut along 
with it that strange ten- 
dcn('y to put the true thi ng 
the \\Tong way round. to 

eizc Oil the ullilllportant 
,;ide of the B}atter first. 
It i,; j u,;t as if a f()reign 
critiC' of 
Englalld -= instead 
of knowing nothing at aU 
about u,;. as i,; usually the 
easc- "'ere to grasp the 
thct that the 1l1Ost lux- 
urious }:nglish people "'Cllt 
f()x-hunting. and then ex- 
plain it by :-,aying that 
these Syharites had one 
weird hatred a \'cnOJHOUS 
hatred of foxes. Su(.h a 
nmn "-ould haye gut the 
fa(.ts right and the truth 
wrong: and such is our 
constant national ('ondition 
with regard to f()reign 
ideas. But there is all 


eycn IBore cur]()us cx- 
aIllple of it than this. and 
w. 1\1. THACKERAV [N 1822 
After the plaster cast bJ' J. De-z'ile that is tlw f:l('t that ('Yen 
Collection of Augu
tin Rischgitz In our ()\\'I} discus'Sions. 
and ]n the nlatter of the great reputations of Ollr o,,-n Coulltry. we 



TIIACKEIL\ \r 


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THACKERAY 
.-\1' THE 
.\GE OF THREE, 


with hi
 
Father and :'11 other, 
:'lIT. and :'Ilrs. 
Richmond Thackeray 


\ 



 


Frol/i a 
,{'ater-t olollY s/,;dch 
cl,,1l< in India 1'J' 
Chill/io]! Ùz 1814, 1l0'i
 
Ùl the þossession 0/ 
.1Iro'. Richmond Ritchit: 



 
.... -- 


--- 


,. . 
} 


(Reproduced from the 
Biographical Edition 01 
Thackeray'
 "" orks, 
by kind permi
,.ion of 
:'II essr
. 
:,mith, Elder &. Co.) 



 '" 



 


\ 

 


. 



 


exhihit this sanle 
ingular tcndcll(,y to ('ateh hold of truth only by 
the tailor the hind leg. ()ur jlldgnlent
 - that is. our currcnt and 
(,ollyentional judgnlents - on our great Blen of geniu"i ha\-e a ,-;ingular 
disposition to hegin in enornlOUS letters with the unilnportant defect. 
and IHiss in conlparisoH the great IHerit out of which that defeet 



(j 


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:\Iaguin:1 


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Coleridge 


Dunlop 


Fraser 


Lockhart 


TH.\CKER.\Y A:\IO:'oJG THE FR.-\SERIA:\S 


Dra,,,n by j>atzid ,1Iaclist', I83
 


al'1,-;es. Thus. f()l' in
tan('e, Engli,-;hnl(_'n ha'"e "Taried thelll,-;eh
es 
,,"ith asserting that 1 )iekens was yulgar and eould not des('rihe 
a gcntlenlan. 1 )it"kcn
 ('ould not descrihe a gentlenuul. but he was 
ne'Tr yulgar eXt"ept ,,"hen he ath'nlpted that snohbish and un,,"orthy 
entcrprise. )Iost 111e11 do heeOlllc "ulgar when the
r des('rihc those 
,,"ho are ("aIled nllgar pcople: and it is pre('iscly here that l)l('kens 
was neyer ,"ulgar there is no traee of yulgarity ahout Silas "r egg 
or I )iek Swiyeller. The supn.'n1e f'un('tion of I )i('ken,; in the 
Uni\TrSe wa
 to point out that robust and hunlOl'olls ('Onlnlon life 
i.., not yulg-ar. eanllot in its nature be yulgar. and the only thing' 
that his eountr\"111an {'an see ahout hin1 is that he ('ould not 
des{'rihe a lllclllher of the upper elasses. "r e 1l1ight a
 \\Tll ,-;ay 
that 
Iiehad .,A Ilgclo nc'"er really painted a chartered aceüuntant. 



TIL\CKEJL\ Y 


í 


I len' ag'aJn our slll('ere peoplp 11a\'e got to the wrong end of the 
teles('ope. But of all these eXaJlIples there I
 none IHure 
perfe('t and nlOlT anluslng than the fashion which ('alled Thaekenn- 
a (,\ïlU'. I Ie was a eyni('. if the eriti('''i wilL in the "iallie sen
e that 
I 
eollardo da \Tinei was a cheIHist or .:\1 r. ('haJnberlain a hOl.ti- 
eulturalist. But the ('\ïlie In hinl was not IHerelv "iuhordinate to 
hi
 other ehara('tlTi"itie
: it "'êI"i the IHere produet na
'. the 
h
--produet of thenl. I lis ('ynieisnl was a nlinor re
ult. a thing 
left O\Tr by hi
 triunl}>hant tenden('
r to 
elltinlent. 
Thackeray. frOlH the heginning' of his life until the end. 
eonsistently and seriously preaehed a go
pel. I I i
 go
pd. like all 
deep and genuinc onl'
. 111a
r be hard to 
UIH up in a phrH
e. but 
if ,,'e wished "iO to 
lllH it up we eould hardly e'qHT"i"i it better than 
hy sa
'ing 
that it wa
 
the philoso- 
phy of the 
beautv and 
the O'IOlT of 
r'\ . 
fools. II e 
hditTed as 
l>r()f()lIIl(lly 
a"i St. Paul 
that in the 
u I t i IH ate 
real]ll ()f 
e

elltial 
yalue"i (
od 
In a d e the 
f 0 0 lis II 
thing
 of 
the earth to 


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From a drawing- /'J' AJ'rt: Croa'l', A.R.A. 
kUE NEUVE ST. AUGUSTI1\', 1'.\1<1
, 1836 
(Reproduced from "Thackeray'
 Haunts and Homes," by kind permi"o;ion of 
l\1e
"r5. Scribner'o; Sons and i\Iessrs. Smith, Elder (\: Co,) 




 


TIL-\CKER..\ Y. 


('Onf(HlIul the WISl\ Ill' looked out with luecnt and terrible 
eyes upon thc world with all its pageant
 and aehi
TeIHents: he 

aw IHcn of aetion, he sa,,- IHcn of genius. he saw hcroes: and 
aJHid lllen of a(,tion, Bien of geniu
. and heroc,; he sa,,- ,,-ith 
<lh
olute 
ineerity only one thing worth heing - a gentleBlan. .A 1ld 
whell wc undcrstand what he IlICant hy the phrase. thc absolute 
sllffi('ielle

 of a linlpid kindliness. of an oln"ious and dignified 
IllllHiJitL of a softness f(n' uohle llleniorie,; and a readi1les
 f()r any 
. . 
IHinute self-sacrifiee, we nlaY. ,,-ithout any affeeted paradox. hut 
rather with serious respe('t. sunl lip Thaekeray's \-iew of life hy 
"a
-ing that aJHid all the heroes and geniuses Ilf' 

n,- on1

 one 
thillg worth heing - a fool. 
Thc real fhlsehood if there he a falsehood - of Thaekeray'
 
yiew of the world was. in faet, the \Try opposite of that eynieislll 
<lnd ,n))'ldliness Ollec attrihuted to hinl. III 
o far a
 he did IHis- 
repre"cJlt life. it 'nl
 rather ill thc dirc(,tion of sho,,-ing too nlueh 
hold di
dain of \Tanity Fair and too nl1l('h ahsolutc t
lith in the 
....aint
. his unworldly wonlcn and his easily s,,"indled gentlenlen. 
Ill' pel'1Hitted thi
 pietisnl of his to hlind hill I to thc yiyid atroeities 
of the eharaeter of II elen Pendenllis. supposing that her ha\-ing 
liyed all her lifc in a eountn' hOJHestead \nlS SOllIe kind of 
I H 'c\Tntiye against eruelty and pagani
nl and heathen pride. 
Thaekeray is. if. anything. too nllI('h on the side of the angels. 
lIe \nlS a nlonk who rushed out of his lliolmster

 to ery 
out against a gaudy I1ms<]ucrade that was roaring aro1llld it. 
and e\-cr sin('e hi
 1l1ollk'
 froek ha"i been nlistaken t()), Olle of 
the Bwsquerade dresses and applauded as thc hest joke III the 
,,"hole f
1I1ey dress hall. 
There are, of ('our
e, execptiolls. or what nwy appear to he 
execptions, to s1leh a gencralisation. So deep and gcnuinc 'nl
 
rrhaekeray's insight into the nOrIllal Inllllall 
pirit that he deteeted 
thi.., elelncllt of idealisBl ,,-here it Illight lea
t he expected. The 



II 


II 


I 


L 



 


w. :\1. TH
\CKER.-\Y 
From a portrait painted by Frank Stone in 1836, in the possession 01 :\Irs. Richmond Ritchie, 
and reproduced by kind permi<;sion of the owner 


y 



jO 


'('} I
 \ (
KE I{.i\ \'" 


character of .:\Iê
jor Pend('nni
. 
t<>r instance. is siInply a great 
lighthouse or heaeon tower. not 
lHercly of social satire, but of 
eternal ethical philosoph
'. In 

 (ajor Pendenllis. consciously or 
unconsciousl
r. is traeed the 
,-aluable truth that ahHosi e\Try 
Blan is, by the nature of things. 
an idealist. To go to great 
hou
es. to wear the latest and 

-et the nlost dignitied attire. 
to know the right people, to 
do and say at eycry instant 
the thing whieh i
 Blost (>er- 
feetly and exquisitely ordinary. 
this i
 a prin('iplc of life against 
\\'hieh a "iane BlaB nlight JUl\-e 
a great deal to say: but one thing he could not say, he 
could not say that it i,; ]}Ulterialistic. ()ne )}loral lHerit it has: 
at least it is totally usek

. r\ plaee in Soeiety is not sO]}lething 
to drink: an in,ritation ('ard fronl 1.ord Sh'yne is Bot SOlllething 
to cat. Poor old PClldcnnis did llot sleep softer in his inconl- 
paraLle clothing: he 'nlS a poor nUlIl, Jonely and constantly 
trouhled. Xothing supported hinl hut his 0''''1 lHonstrous Bnd 
1I1Salle rcligioJl. He was, as it were, a glorious heretic, a 
lnartyr to f
tlse gods: and nothing sadder or lllore honourable 
has e,rer been con('ciyed in tietion than that scene in the end 
of .. Pendennis," ill which the old luan. haying. ,,-ith a ,-alour and 
energy that stirs us like a canllry charge, defeated all nlachillêl- 
tioll'; that would lunre robhed his nephe,,' of natHe and f
l1He, 
suddenly tinds the nephe,,, hilllsclf ready to Bing down the whole 


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-- 


1\0. 18, .\.LBION STREET, HYl>E PARK 


The residence of Thackeray's mother, where the noveli
t 
lived for a time on his return from Paris in 1837 


-' 



T I L \ C K F.I t.. \ \r 


11 


lahoriou.... edificc in the 1HUllC 
of an unintelligihle "cruple. 
.. ... \ nd Shake
peare ,nl'; right, 
Hnd ('ardinal \ \r ol....ey. begad. 
I f I had "ien-ed n1Y (;od as 
r,-e scn-ed you o _ U It has 
the pathos of the n1eeting of 
two faiths: the gooel 
loslclll 
staring at the good Crusader. 
Thi.... was the greatne
"i of 
Tha('kera,". the luan WhOBI 
senti111entali..,t" without hearts 
or ..,tollwch.., h:1\ e coneeiyed as 
a nle1'e ..,atiri..,t. that he felt. 
perhap..... 1l10re full
 and he:l\-ih T 
than an," other EnglishnUln '- 
the inllllea....lIrablc and alnlost Xü. 13. GREAT CO



A
iREET, BRU);SWICK 
unhearable e illotioll th: lt 1 ...... 111 - Thad.eray's re..idence from 18 37 to 18 4 0 , where "The Paris 

 
 Sketch-Book" ",as ",riuen 
,-ol\-ed In the Ille)'e fact of 
hllnUln lift,. I )i('kcns. with hi.., indestru('tible ,-anity and hoyish- 
ne
..,. is alway" looking forward. Thackeray I.., alway.., looking 
haek in lite. 
 \nd no nUln will e,-er properly (,olllp1'chelld hiB1 
until he ha.., reached f<n' a Ill0111cnt that \)tate of the ..,oul in 
,,"hich Illelallcholy i"i the greate!',t of all the JOY"', 


- 


- 


. 
. 


. 
. 


I 
 


JL--J 


(;. l
. CHESTEHTO:\'. 



Thackeray 


Jerrold 


DRAWING FRO:\I PUNCH: AUTHORS' MISERIES, Xu. 6 


THE CHARACTERS AND PLACES 
OF THACKERA V'S BOOKS 


.. S IX Cl.: the author of · TOlll .Tolles' was buried. no writer uf 
tiction aJllong us has been perlllitted to depiet to the 
UtIllost of his power a -'fAX. "r C Blust drape hilll and gi,-e hilll 
a eertain ('oJlycJltioJlal silll}>er. So('iety will not tolerate the X atural 
in our 
\rt. )Ian\T ladies ]ul\'e renlonstratl'd and 
uhs('riber
 left 
JUl', he('ause, in the course of the story, J de
crihed a YOllng IHan 
resisting and affl'eted hy tCJllptation. ....'Iy ol
je('t \\"a
 to say. tlwt 
he had the passions to feel. and the Jllanliness and geuero
ity to 
o,-en'OJlle thcn1. You ,,'ill not hear--- it is best to kJlo,,' it -what 



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LONDON R CtrN..HNr1:{fl ST 


LACE Ht.-Al..;A.1i S..ì ARE 


04' 


De La Pluche 
I. .0\. Titmarsh 
Iajor Gahagan 
"CO:\IlC TALES AND SKETCHES" 


13 


1 


, I 



 



14 


TII.ACI
En '"'" 


W. 1\1. 
THACKER.\ Y 


FroJll a 
tara-cotta bust 
by 
Sir Edgar BOe/llll, R. A . 
aftcr thc þlaster 
cast by 
]OSCþ/l Dudlam 
In the 
Xational Portrait 
Gallery 


II 



"""f'71'- 


J
 


Blo'-e
 in the real world. what passes in soeiety, ill the eluhs, eolle,g'cs. 
BIE'SS-rOOJllS. -what is the life and talk of your sons. A little 
Illore franknc'-)-, than is C'lIstOJllary ha
 bccn attelllpted in this story: 
\vith no had desire on the writer's part. it is hoped. and with 110 
ill-eonsequenee to any reader. I f truth is 110t always pleasant, at 
any rate truth is best, fi-onl \\'hate,'er chair -fi'oln tho
e whence 
gr:n'er \\TiteJ's or thinkers argue. as fro 11 1 that at \\'hieh the story- 
teller sits as he ('onelude
 his lahour. and bids his kind reader 
farewell." So runs a pHssage in the pretilce to .. Pelldenlli"ì."' 
.. If truth is not always plea,;ant, at any rate truth i
 best." 



'1'1 L \CJ,l
:H.. \ \r 


1.5 


There. ill a seJlteJlee. is the seeret underlying' all Thackeray's ,,'ork. 
The llo,'elist is il1('liJled to portray the IneJl and ,n)l1len of fietion 
rather thaII the BIen and \\"Ol1leJl of lift..'. This fÜult of his weaker 
brethren of the quill Thaekeray :n"oided. I ri
 ehara('ters are 
alway'" IHUBaJl. There are IlO inllllaeulate heroes. 110 perfeet 
ht'roill(,
. JlO utterly uJlredeenled scoundrels of either sex to he 
Illet with in the pages of his hooks. I Ie eOJlcei,-ed it to be his 


\\îLLL-Ul 
l\L\KEPEACE 


. ...." 


THACKERAY 


(Reproduced 
from the 
Biographical E,!ition 


of 


Thackeray's \Vorks, 
by 
kind permi
sion 
of ;\Iðsr
. 
Smith, Elder &: Co.) 



 


" , 


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il 
II 



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1 (; 


TH.ACKEIL\ \
 


duty to del..jerihe the world as he sa"p it. and to <.Ira"r the l11en 
and wmuen he kne\\'. I f he has llowhere joined pure goodness 
to pure intelligenee. if he has 110t hestowed on any WOlllan the 
J1lIlUOUr of Beeky Sharp ((/It! the "inlplieit
. of ..oc\Juelia Sedley. it i" 
heeau
e he had ne,-er lllet thi,; unioJl of t()}'ces in lite. To lun
e 
deserihed the unreal and pas
ed it off as the real would lun-e 
heen all oftell('c against tJ)(' pen ,,-hieh \nlS ahle to hoast: 



tmngeI'! [ ]len'I' wJ'it a tlath'I'y. 

()I' signed the page that J'egisteJ'ed a lie. 


.. I eanllot help telling the truth a
 I ,-ie". it. and de
erihing 
\dwt I 
ee. To deserihe it othen,-isC' than it seelllS to nH-' would 
he f
llsehood in that ealling in which it has pleased ] le
l\-eJl to plaee 
llle: treason to that eonscienee whieh sa,-s that Blen arc weak: that 
truth nlust be told: that f
llllt" nlust he o,,-ued: that pardon n1l1",t 
he prayed t()).: and that Lo,"e reigns suprenle O'Tr all." This i", 
ThaekC'ray's eonf'ession of literary f
tith. 
.. 
I Y ohject i", not to ntake a perfcet eharaeter of anything like 
it:' he wrote to hi", HLOther when .. \ranity Fair"' "-
h appearing in 
nlOllÌhly parts. .. ()ur friend is not ... \ nwdi s or Sir Charles 
(
randison:' he wrote of Philip Finllin, .. and [don't for a nlOluent 
set hinl up as a person to he re'"ered or illlitated. hut try to draw 
hinl 6lithfulh. a
 Xature Illad(' hinl."' 
Thc late ... \ nthony TroJIopc stignwtised Thaekera
r as an un- 
Illethodieal writer. Certainly the great Ulall. as author. hound hinlself 
hy no hard and f
lst rulcs. II i" plan 'nlS to ereate lllcntaJIy two or 
three of his ehief eharaeters and write fronl page to page. ,,"ith 
onh r a (J'eneral llotion of the eourse Iw would 1)(' taking' a few 
. 
 
chapters later. JJut thcn to cOlllpensate fcn" the Jaek of lllcthod he 
Ii ,"cd with hi", eharaeter", shared their joys and sorrows, awl "poke 
of thel11 as if they were real ('reatures of tIesh and hlood. .. Being 
entirely oeeupied \yith IllY twu new friends, l\Irs. Pcnden11is and 



". 


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TJ-I .AC K EHA \r 


her "ion .Arthur Pendenni....' he 
"Tote to 1\1 rs. Broukfield fron1 
Brightori in 1 H4!). .. I got up 
yery early again this lllorning. 
He is a yery good - natured. 
generous young fello'L aud I 
begin to like hin1 considerahly. 
1 wonder if he is intere",ting to 
nH' fron1 
c1fi...h reasons. and he- 
eause I t:UHT we re
en1 hIe each 
other in 1Hany parts. " .. 1 wonder 
what ,,-ill happen to ]>endenni... 
and F'anuy Bolton." he reularked 
in another letter to the "'aIHe 
eorrespondent : .. writing and 
sending it to you. sOlllehow it 
seen1S a
 if it were true:' 
Irs. 
Hitehie ren1enlher
 enterin o ' her 

 
t:lther\ study one nlorning ahout 
two years later and being 1l1otioned away. and ho,,-. an hour later. 
he went tu the 
ehool-roOln and, huff-laughing. half-ashmlled. said: 
.. I do no1 know ,,-hat .J an1e
 ean haye thought of 1He when 
he ean1e in ,,-ith the tax-gatherer after you left. and t<Hlnd 1lle 
blubbering ù,-er I lelen Pendel1nis's death:' 
.. I don't eOl1trol 11lV eharaeters'" he asserted one d:l\T. 
. . 
in their hands. and they take 111e where they please. ,. 
 \l1d when 
a friend renlon
trated ,,-ith hinl f<n' lun-iug nlade Esnumd Illarry 
.. his 1Hother-in-Iaw." he onl
- replied: .. I didn't l1lake hinl do it: 
thc
T did it then1seh-e!',:' It lllaY be heeause the eharaeter... were 

o real to the ereator that they liyc in the 1ne1Hory of the reader. 
If Thaeker:l\T was the first to shed tear
 o,"<-'r the death of Ilelen. 
eertainly he has not heen the last. '\Tho ean read ,,-ith dry e,-es 


'..... 


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I. 


NO. 13 (now 16), \ üUNG 
T}{EET, 
KENSIN(;TON 


Thackeray's home from 1846 to 18S-
, where" Vanity Fair," 
"Pendennis," and ., Esmond" \\ere written 


... 


.. [ 


mn 



TII.ACI\:E1L\ Y 


IH 


of the reconciliation of l110thcr 
and 
on at the death-hed 
 ,. .... \
 
thc\'; wcrc talkin o ' th(' dock 
. 
 
struck nil1e. al1d llelen ren1Ïndcd 
hinl lun\". when he wa
 a little 
hoy. 
he u"'L'd to go up to hi", 
hcd-ro01l1 at that hour and hear 
hinl sa\' ()ur Father. .... \lld OI1('e 
nlore. oh once nlore. thc YOUllg 
nlan fell do\\-n at hi,; nlother's 
sacred kl1ee",. alld 
ohhed out the 
prayer which the I )j, jnc Tel1der- 
lle

 uttered {<n' u
. and ,,'hich 
has heen e('hoed for twellty agc
 
sil1ee by nljlljon
 of 
inful and 
11l1111hle nicn. .... \nd as he spoke 
1 I I f 1 I" NO. 3 6 , O:KSLOW SQUAkE, RRO:\IPTOX 
t)e ast \\'on., 0 t lC supp lea-Where Thackeray li
ed from 18 53 to 1862, during which 
tion. the IHuther\ head fcll do,"n period he wrote the <, Lectures on the Georges," the end of 
"The Newcomes," "The Virginians," part of" Philip," and 
on her hoy\. and her arl11... do
ed many of the "Roundabout Papers." 
aroul1d hinl. and togethcr they repeated the word", 'for e,-er and 
e,-cr' and '.A IHen.' ., 


....... 


""" . 


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H.eader
 of Tha('kera\''s \\'ork
 l11U
t ha,-e noti('ed hcn\' frcquel1Ìly 
the character
 reappear in tale
 other thall that il1 whi('h the\- are 
first introduccd. Heferen('c is nlade to thenl al1d to their doing,; 
in hook after hook. Hl1til we feel that we k1l0\\r thenl per...onally. 
Thackeray l()\-ed to reintroduce hi
 old friends. and it ,nl... hi
 
intention - frustrated hy an all too early death - to write a no,-el 
of the tilHes of I [el1ty ,r.. in whic.h the al1ccstors of his Pel1del1niscs 
alld '\T arringtons should lu1\-(, t()]'cgathered. .L-\ long and faseil1ating 
artiele l11ight bc written traeil1g the suhsequel1t earcer
 of the 
charaeters fronl the glal1ces we ohtain of thenl at odd llionlent
. 
110\\' nUlny no,-elists are therc \\-ho lu1\-c sueh a gallery of 



- , ('haraeters as 
can he ('0]- 
lc('ted frol11 
Thacke- 
ra""s hooks 
 
"That a(h11ir- 
ahle realisul! 
"That nlar- 
,- e 11 0 11 
 in- 
sight into the 
natures of 
III e II a 11 d 
"'onlt'n ! 


20 TIL--\CI
EltA \T 



- 


From a drawing by Ayn' Crow.:, A.R.A. 


CH.-\TEAU DE llREQUERE02UE, BOULOGNE-SUR-\IER, [854 
(Reproduced from "Thackeray's HauIHo; and Homes," by kind permission at 
:\Iessrs. Scribner\ Sons and l\le
"n,. Smith, Elder & Co.) 


[11 hl
 


carlier years, 
howe,'er. he wa
 too hitter. and his stories contain far too JHany SCOllJl- 
drels. .. [ don't kJloW ,,-here I get all these rascals for nlY hook
:' he 
said apologetically: .. 1 haye certainly ueycr liyed ,,'ith sueh people."" 
.. Thc \r el1(H\1>lush CorrespondeJlee"' does not cOlltain a single Juan 
or WOJllan "'c should like to IHeet. \r ellowplush is a seaJllI>: 1 )a,,'kin
 
is silly and snohhish: Blewitt, the eanlsharper. i
 a hully alld a flJol: 
Lady C;-riffill is not pleasant. and though she is hadly treated. her 
reYeJlge is too cruel: the Earl of Crahs - the ereatioll of a Blaster 
halld- is a terrihle 111an. whose sense of IllIJllOUr OJlly Ilwkcs hiJll 11lore 
dangerous: alld I )cuceaee hÍJ11self. cardsharper. swindler. f()}"Ìulle- 
hunter . . . "et with sueh a f
Lther what was he to he('ollie 
 The 
fooli",h .:\lathilda denlands 
OIlle pity: f()r .It least she is lo
ra] to the 
BlaJl who Jllarried her Olll
r hecause he thoug'ht she had JlIOJley: .. )Iy 
I 
ord. lIlY plaee is with hinl."' 
"rho will reeord the l1nwritteJl ehapters uf the life of the 
Honourable 
 \ Igcrnon Pere
' I )cuceaee 
 There is plellty of Ilwteria1. 
if not for authentic history, at least rÜr legitÍlllatc speculatioJl. It 



TH.ACl,"]<:UI\ ,
 


:!l 


i,; kn(nnl that at Lord Bagwig\ the Ilonollrahle .A 19ie won frOlll 
young Tmn Hook the 
lll11 of thirty pounds: that ,,-ith hi"i friend 
)11'. lting".ood (who. with thc inntlunhle assistan('c of his hostess. 
trapped the eonllllcreial tnn-eller. Pog!',on, into the !',igning' of 
hill
 f()l' huge aJllounts at the' hOll"ie of .:\ladaJllt' la Baronne de 
Florya]-Deh-al. J/éc de 
Ieh-al-XOITal) he \\-OJ) hen-ily at the 
('ard-table fronl JI l". \ranjohn: and that with Blundell-Blundell 



IR. 


:\llCH.-\EL 


.\X(; ELO 


TlT:\L-\RSH 


a
 he 
appeared 
at 
\Villi
's Rooms 
in his 
celel,rakd character 


ot 
'I r. Thacker,,)" 


Fr0111 


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(who "'a
 up at ()xfÖrd ,,'ith Arthur Pcndcnnis) he contri,-cd 
to s,,'illdle Colonel ... \ltmnont. Then there is the paragraph in 
.. (;((/i/.{//(IJIi's .i.11c.\'sc//l!.'cr:' quoted in the last elwpter of .. A 
Shahby Gentcel Story": H ::\Iarried at the Briti"h Enlhassy. by 
Bishop LuxeOJllhe. Andrew j."iteh. Esq., to 
larianne Caroline 
l\latilda, ,,'idow of the late r\ntony C'arri('kfcrgu!',. of ] .Olllhard 
Street. and G.loucester Pla('c, 1.:!',lllIire. . . . l\Ii"" Hunt officiated as 
hridesllwid: and "e renwrked mllong the ('onlpan
T Earl and 
Countess Crahs. (;encral Sir Hiee Curry, l{.C. B., Colonel '\T apshot, 
Sir Chade" Swang-, the I Inn. .Algernon Perey I)cuecaee and his 
lady. Count Punter, and others of the é/ite of the f:l"hionables no,,, 
in Paris. The hridegro0111 ,,'as attended by his fi'iend )liehael 
... \ngelo Titnlarsh. J.:sq.. and the lady 'nlS gi,'cn away by the Hight 
lIon. the Earl of Crahs. . . ." Ilad the lIon. 1\lrs. Deueeaee 
forgi,'en her husband the hlo,,' in the I/ois, with the ae('ount of 
whieh the a<.h'cnture of .:\11'. I )eueeaee at Paris ('on eluded { '" a" 
the younger eouplc rceon('iled to the elder { and if so, by "'hat 
JUeallS ? .As thc author doe
 not soh'e the probleJl1. eaeh rcader 
nlust do so for hilllSelf. 
H Catherine:' a satire upon the .. X e"'gate Xo,'d,,:' naturally 
('ontains a eolle('tioll of jail-hirds: aJHl these, of eoursc, arc not 
treated as they ,n)uld ha"c been by ..Ainsworth or Bulwcr J .ytton, 
but arc 
ho,,'n in all thcir hideousnc

. H.A Shabhy (;enteel Story" 
is a yery fine piec'e of ,,'ork. hut its thenlc i" unpleasant -the 
trapping' into a nu)('k nlarriag-e of trusting' Cinderella - and the 
eharaetcrs ol
jeetionahle: )11'. aud 
lrs. (;all11 and the 1\1 i

e
 
.:\Iacarty: Brandon. Tufthunt, and Cinllbars. Fiteh is the one 
honest person, sa,-e the heroine. and he is ,-ulgar. Tufthunt i!'" 
perhaps. the ,n>rst Juan Tha('kcray c,-er depicted, for Sir ].'ran('i", 
Chn-ering- is weak rather than "ill'. and Brandon - the Dr. Finnin 
of H Philip "- -suffers froBl a Jnoral "en"ie 
o pen-erted that he eannot 
realise his o,,,n '\'eaklles
. 



TIL\CKJ.:ltA \.- 


The raseal 
IS a IHIlHorist 


Fitz-lloodle 
of the first 


water. I I i"i iniquity "'as 
the "Titing- of those scandal- 
ous chroniele
 of his friends' 
p r i y ate Ii ,- e s. " 1\ I ell' s 
"
i,'es:' whi('h tell of the 
scoundrel "'-alker. the 
hla('kg-uanl Boro
ki. and the 
selfish. nun. and terribly 
'-Ill gar .:\lrs. I)eI}I}i
 
Haggarty. The storie"i of 
.. 1 )orothea" and ., (>ttilia.' 
ho,,'e,-e r. are agree a b I e 
enough. ].:'
eIl .. Barry 
I 
Yndon:' Olle of the author'
 
nwsterpiec'es. i"i a di"iagree- 
ahle story. This. indeed. 
Thaekeray fully realiscd. 
.. \TOU need Ilot read it:' he 
said to his eIde"it daughter: 
.. YOU ,,'ould not like it." 
The yillain Barry. ,,'ho IlC'Tr 
reali"ies that he IS not a 
hero. and hi"i fooli"ih ,,'ife. 
are only in part C"Oullter- 
halan('ed hy Barry's ,-ulgar. 
loyin o ' lllother who O'OC"i to 
r"\ , r"\ 
hiln in the day of hi.., ruin 
and nurses hÏIu until he 
die" of deliriu//I tre//leJ/s in 
the ninctcenth ,'ear of hi
 


f 
) 


,.,. 


"\ 


See note on page 
o. 



 


.. 


\ 


., 



 



 


l 


:!a 




--J. 


TJL\CKEltA Y. 


residence In the Fleet 


pn"ion. 
..\fter .. Bany 1..yn- 
. . 
don" appeared .. \ Tauity 
Fair." ..J )endclllli!',." .. The 
X e'''''oIlles.'' .. ESHlond." 
and .. The 'Tirg'illian...:' 
whieh contain "iO yast a 
lluIllber of eharacter"i that 
it is inl})o!',sihle to treat 
of thclll one by one. 
.. ,\rhereyer 
hines the 

un. you are sure to find 
Folly ha!',king' III it. 
J
ua'-cry is the shado,,- at 
Folly's heel"i:" Thaekeray 
"Tote III the character 
skctdl of .. Captain Hook 
alld 311'. Pigeon."' It "iCeUl"i 
as jf he had not quite 
grasped the Ülct that there 
""ere other things than 
foil '" and kllêl\-ery to write ahout. and that a surfeit of rogues ha"i 
an un]>lea
ant afler-effcet. .. (>h! f()]' a little Illanly. hOllC...t. (;od- 
relying "iinlplieity. cheerful. affcetcd. and Inullhle!" he had pra
Td 
in one of his earlic"it re,-iews: hut it was only with .. '.auity Fair" 
that he hegall to ,.!!,'ÏI'C it. 
It ha!', becn 
tatcd hy nlore than Olle eritie that Tha('kera
" eould 
not depict a good WOJllall. and that tho"ie that ""cre without ble])lj
h 
were al"io without any attraeti,-e qualitie
. Yet IIcleu l)endelllli"i 
,nl<.; a good wonlan. a good ,,-ite. and a good ulother: and 
Laura Bcll wa-, eIe\Tr as well as good: and certainly }:thel X CW('Ollle 


- 


j 


'" 


From the þainting toy Samuel LmerOlCC ill the .I.'rational 
Portrait Calkry 
W. 
I. TH.\CKERAY 



,,-as not êi fool: nor Theo and l
itty Lmll hert other than good and 
true 'nnllell. It "ieelns strange that while his fellwle readers ('an 
forgi,"e hilll Bc('k
. Sharp. greatest of a(h'entures
es. and ('an tolerate 
e, en Blan('he I\luory of .. )les Lanlles'" they ('anllot pardon hiul 
..l \ 1l1clia Sedley. There are lllttny other adnlÏrahle sketches. 31 rs. 
Pegg'y ()"1 )owd. lion-hearted. loyal and wi"ie elloug'h : the I )o\ntger 
Counte'-"i of 
outhdo"'Il. )lrs. Butt' ('nndey, l\liss Briggs. )1 is..; 
Crawley. the lonlble Catherine (the .. I..ittle Sister" of .. ])l1Ïlip u) 
 
)Iiss Fotheringay and Fanny Bolton. who t'n"inared the aftectiOlh 
of Y<Hlng' Pcndenui"i ,,'hat IHan ha" not lllet one or hoth of 
these { - 
Iadmlle de 
Flora(', the old lady 
with the hcautiflll 
face: the terrihle 
C a HI p a i g u e 1': _
\I r "i. 
\ \. arrington. ,,'ho pre- 
ferred to he known as 
.:\1 adallle E"iH)olHl: 
Lad \T Cas t 1 e ". 0 (HI. 
tender. lo\-ing. unrea- 
soning. ,,'ho ('an 1'i,,(' 
to the dignity of a 
great situation: .. 
 1 Y 
daughter nlay re('ei ,-e 
pre"icnts fr0111 tllr' 
I-Iead of our Ilouse: 
nlY daughter nlav 
thankfulh' take kind- 
llcsses fr()III lIeI' 
father's. her Blothe1""i. 
her brother's dearest 
friend: and he grateful 


TH..-\CI\:EltA \T 


oJ - 
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'\ 
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ë:YlIlrnpl.r 


F'011l a I>hott>grnþíl 


W. :\1. THACKERAY 


(Reproduced from the Biographical EJition of Thackeray s \\" arks, hy 
kind permi...
ion of :\Ie
qs. Smilh, Elder & Co.) 



:!(; 


T)L\C]
E)L-\ Y 


for one Ulore benefit besides the thousand ""e owe hinl": and. 
ahoYe all. irresistihle. way,,'ard Trix- that contradiction in word"i. 
.an mnhitious ""Ol1lan. So alluring is Beatrix that it is ah-;unl to 
expe(:t any lllan to think that "ihe "'as e,'er all had. '\
ho knows 
but that if Hal'lT Esniond had been a little le

 
ensiti,'e of his 
o"'n denlerits. and had let her see hini a"i he "'as. they nlight lun"e 
nlarried and li,"ed as happy as Blost couples 
 Hut her chance of 
redel1lption passed. and Beatrix beCalllf' the l\Iadmllc de Bernstein 
of .. The 'Tirginians."' 
Thackeray's 111en are no whit less successful. (;eorge ()"i1,orne 
<HId hi
 purse-proud f
lther: old 
Ir. Sedley and IJ os: Sir Pitt 
Cnn,-ley- that lliost daring piece of chara("ter drawing -aHd his 
SOH"i. Pitt and ]{awdon: PeJldennis and .. Blueheard:' as Lady 
Hockinghanl called (;eorge '\Tarringtoll: ]ittle Bo"""i: the ntlet. 
)Iorgan: Cli,'e X eWCOBle and hi
 cousin. the little hounder, Sir 
Barne
: the \ Tirgini<tns. I ImT
' and (;eorge: theinÎJnitahle Foker 
mul the irrepn.:'s"iihle l iostigan. Thackeray drew gentlenien in a 
\nlY that has ne'"e1' heen excelled and rarely equalled. .. They 
[the Kicklebur
"sJ are tnn-elling ,,"ith .:\1 r. Blollnddl. who ""as a 
gentlenlan once. and still retains ahout hirH s()]ne t
tint odollr of 
that tinic of hloOJu:' .. It i
 true poor Plantagenet [C;auntJ is 
only an idiot. " . a zany.. . . and yet you see he is a gentlenlan." 
I\ nel the author nlakes the reader see it i"i so. I n spite of the 
dehallcherie"i and hi
 helun-iour to his f
lIllily. the .:\IanJllis of 
Ste
'ne is al 'nlYS 
T(( JIll sC
t!,'JlCI17". E
nIond is a gentleJllan. and so 
i", the intriguj ng )I<
jor Pendenni"i. I Talf- Pay: and Florac and 
I)ohhin. and the little-,,"orldly-wise Colonel X e\n'olne. It has 
heen "iaid that the Colonel is too good for this world. too innoeent. 
too ignorant. too transparently a child of nature. yet 
urcly the 
Bohle-hearted luan i
 hunlall and true. I n(lced, hy thi"i one 
charaeter alone Thackeray eould take his pla('e mnong the Blasters. 
rrhe whole gallery of his ereatiolls place!.) hitu at the head of the 



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English noYeli
b of 
the nineteenth eentur
T. 
.A paper dealing' 
with Thaeker:l\T\ ehar- 
aeters llla
r not ignore 
the question of the 
,. original "'i." (;reat in- 
terest has ahnl \rs heen 
taken in Thaekeray's 
originals. )1 ueh ha"'i 
been "Titten ahout 
thenl ,,-hieh i"'i worth 
reading': Hluelt al"'io 
has been written that 
IS Juisleading'. Thc 
no,-elist was per"onal 

OJlLetÏJlle
. but it was 

 e I d 0 III t hat h e 
nlodelled a eharaeter 


on a Blan 01' wmuan 


of his aequaintanee. 
Hc told his daughter") 
that he Il(TCr ,,-ilflllh r 
copied anyone: and 
there is no rea "'Oil to 
dishelie,-e hi" -.;tatc- 
Illellt. The .:\larqui"i of 
Steync 'nl
 a "'iuhlinlatioJl of half a dozen eharaeters. and 
o "TIT 
Captain Shandon and Costigan: and Beeky. I }ohhin. .J os Sed ley. and 
Colone] X e'n'onle "-ere wholh r orio.jnal- fronl the celebrity l >oint of 
. t'"I . 
yiew at least. 
lany of the peoplc in .. J.:sJllond" are portrait" of 
hi-,torieal persollages- -the 1 }uke of J I aJuilton. ] 
onl )Iohun. and 


Fro1ll a þl'11cil drawing bJ' Ricllard DOJ'lc ill thc Britisll JIlfsclt1ll 
W. 1\1. THACKERAY 



TIlACI,"RltA. Y. 


29 


Reatrix. tor instance-but in the tales of nlodern life there are fe,v 
characters that can he traced to any partieular source. " You kno,v 
you are only a piece of .ArHelia. l\Iy Blother is anothel' half; 
Iny poor little ,,'ite-,l/cst pOllr úca llCOUP," the author "Tote to 
.:\1 rs. Brookfield. E(hnund \Tates ah,'ays insisted that \ \Tagg in 


II 


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Painted 1'Y Sir Joll1l Gilbert, R.A., and þresodal to the Gm1"lck Club 
A POSTHUMOUS PORTRAIT OF THACKER \Y 
Collection of Augustin Rischgitz 


3 



" Pendennis" :-,tood for Theodore Hook; that I.Jord Lonsdale 'nlS 
the original of l\lajor Pendennis's noble ti.iend l..ord Colehicull1; 
and that Bunn "'as the Inodel for I)olphin, the theatrical 111anager. 
I t has been said that 
1\lr. J. 1\1. Eyans, the 
publisher, ".as portrayed 
In .. The l(iekleburys 
on the llhine"; that 
1\lr. Fhul1 in 

 l\Irs. 
Perkins's Ball" "'as a 
portrait of A bralunl1 
IIay,,'ard; that the 
He,.. \ "-. H. Brookfield 
stood for the curate. 
Frank' 'T"hitestoek : that 
I Æigh H nnt was the 
original of (jandish in 
.. The X e'\'COlUeS "; and 
that the third )larqnis 
of Hertford was the 
prototype of Lord 
Steync. .:\lrs. Hitehie 
once saw the youn o ' 
. b 
lady who "'as supposed 
to ha ,-e "uggested 
Beeky Sharp to her 
thther; and Carlyle and 
his ,,'ife kne,,'- and 
disliked -- the original 
IJlauehe ..An tory. 
Thackeray ,,-as not 
topographical In the 


30 


TH.l\(,I(ERA Y 


. 
1 
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. 
. 


... 


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,:' 


From a þkotograþ/z I')' Ernest Ed-wards 


w. 1\1. THACKERAY 



THACIi:ERA Y 


,pal.lf ehun 

"SIR,gIÐ. W 


31 


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 f..._.'" ,1..0. W 
c....lI.kh...., 
 'i t -'; "...tr(.. 1';'''
 f. '\o...I.t..1,...... ? I 
.,...1.I
 U 

 
 4 "',l.-f,l....." yJ'c.-.... J-..J.....A<..L ,..,
j:... 
 'jU"t 
'tId. 
I r.......u 
:.U """I 
Zc. 
 L-.- fë; 
 / 1t...I.. al....nl All, J'-" 
1:...1' 16 ict( 1 J. r <-jMf( 
G.....I I, 
n.l..i.. 1t.. 14,.......1' pt.J M..
 ": ",I<. .J..,.. 
 
0..,. I L.A..I 
 I !,'.P. . ..t.!R....... L.t..1..t1 Jt.".",,/ ...1.,..J..t....... ""tI.. fu.J 


A P_\GE OF THACKER.-\.Y'S :\L\NUSCRIPr 
Showing an original sketch in the margin 
(Reproduced from" Denis Duval," hy \...ind permi
sion of 1\Ir5, Richmond Ritchie) 


sense that l)ickens ,,'as. Often the briefest lnention of a street 
satisfied hÌln. \
 et 
onlc1H"\T the plaees of the prineipal seenes of 
hi,; IlC)\-e1s linger in the nlenlory. 
 \s a young nwn he studied at 
,r- eÌIllal'. and later, \\.hile ,;cITing his appreJltj('e
hip hoth to art and 
letters. he resided frolll tin Ie to tinle at Paris. II ad he ne,-er 
yisited (;enllany. perhaps .4\ n lelia and .J os and I }ohbin ,,'ould Hot 
IUl\-e gone .Anl Uheill, and the chapter ahout Reeky and the Punl- 
pernickel students ,,'ould lle,-er ha ,'e been "Titten. 
lany of his 
charaeters "'ent to Paris, ,,'hi('h had f..)r hÌlu a strong personal 
interest. I t "'as there he ,,'ooed and ,,'on his ,,'ife. 1 t ,,'as at 



32 


THACI\::ER.L\ \
 


I 


"'\ 

 ,,,. 
"_ 'I ..... , 
 / I I 
""""
.. . 
. 
 r
' , 
- . 
 I'" ..-.. -. v .. r 
. .. ..... 
.., 


.J.. 


i1 - 


. 


r 'II """II 


;;;;;11;;;111 ! 



:J1C'emp'ø" 


From a þhoto by /1. N, lÚ"ng, Avenue Road, W. 
THE HOUSE AT NO.2, PALACE (;REEK, KEN. 
SIN<;TON, IN WHICH THACKERAY DIED 


I)m.is that he "Tote the auto- 
biographical yerse in the ballad 
,d1Ïeh tells of the Bouilla- 
baisse seryed at Terré's Ta'
ern 
in the Hue X eU\Te des Petits 
ChaIllpS: 


Ah me! how qui{'k the days are 
flitting! 
I mind me of a time that's gOIle, 
'Yhen here I'd sit, as now I'm 
sitting, 
In this same place-hut not alolle. 
A fair young form was nestled 
Ileal' Ine, 

 \ dear dear fa{'e looked f'{mdly up, 
AmI sweetly spoke and smiled to 
cheer me, 
-There's no one now to share 
111.r cup. 


"I lwye been tu the Ilotel de la Terrasse, "There Beeky used 
to li,"e. and shall pass by Captain ()shorne's lodgings," he "Tote 
ii'oln l)aris to l\Irs. Brookfield. .. I belie'"e perfectly in all these 
people, and feel quite an interest in the inn in whieh they 
li,"ed." It ".as at Bru
sels, in the Church of St. (;udule, the 
ehureh ill whieh he ,,'as ehristened, that RSlnolld lliet the in- 
yeteratc intriguer, Father Jlolt, nwsquerading' ill a grecn unifÖrIl1 
as a eaptain in the Banlrian Eleetor's selTiee 
 and in th(' 
('on,.ent eeluetery knelt before the eross ,,'hich nlarkcd the 
gnl\
e of SU:'lU' l\lary .:\Iadeleine. the unhappy l..ady Castle,,'ood, 
,,'ho 'nlS his HI other. I II that saIne city 11lany years later the 
author of "''''anity Fair," not elaitning to rank mllong the 
Hlilitary llo,"elists. took his plaee ".ith the non-colllbatants ".hilc 
the annies Inarched to the field of '\T aterloo, and portrayed nlany 



'l'I-Ir\Cl
RR
\ Y 


Ing' ne"'s that 111ust bring 
thenl happiness or Illisery. 

. X 0 nlore firing "'as heard at 
Brussels - the pursuit rolled n1Ïles 
away. The darkness calue do"'n 
on the field and city: and 1\nlelia 
"'as praying tor (ieorge, who "ras 
lying on his facc, dead, "rith a 
bullet through his heart." 
Thackeray "'as pre-enIÏnently 
the nu,'elist of the upper elasses, 
and as a natural result the nut- 
jority uf his characters liyed in 
the' \.... est End of LondoB, chiefly 
o-w1., 
in the area enclused by Park THACKERAY'S GRAVE IN KENSAL GREEN 
I .Jane, (JxfÜrd Street, llond Street, CEMETERY 
and Pi('cadilly. known as l\Iayfair. But no part of the 
Inetropolis escaped hinl. The Sedleys li,red In Itussell Square 
bet()re they reulo,'ed to St. ..Adelaide's ,rillas. r\nnH l\laria Road, 
,yr est, .. "rhere the hou
es look like baby-houses; where the people 
looking out of the first floor "rindo"rs Blust int
tllibly, as you 
think, sit "rith their feet in the parlours; "rhere the shrubs in 
the little gardens in front biooul ,,'ith a perennial display of 
little children's pinafores. little red soeks, eap
, etc. (polyandria 
polygyria); "rhence YOll hear the sound of jingling' spirits and 
"rOUlen singing; "rhither of e,relling's you see city elerks ploddillg 
,,'earily. . .." })r. FirIuin practised in (>ld Parr Street; alld 
Colonel X eWCOllle and Jmlles llillnie, on their return froBl India. 
rented a house in Fitzroy Square. Buugay and Bacon carried 
on their business in Paternoster lto"r, and li,red oyer their shops. 
It ,nts to the sponging house in Cursitor Street that U.a"rdon 


folk "rith anXIOUS hearts :nntÏt- 


8ß 


-.::,' . r . IJ-J 

, -
 

 -: '. tr; \ . : '/ 
: ,Iii 
'
 $' ?I '
: I,: '. 
'.'W ... ..
 


V 
,. 
,-,\
 . 
--.;' 
. . 
,
 


. 


.. 


"i 


 


,.. 


.. 



34 


.". 


'- ..r. 
- 
-- 



 


--. 

 


'\ 



rI-IA CT
RR.A \?- 


-) 


- 


From tlze statuette by Sir Edgar Boehm, R.A. 
W. :\1. THACKERAY 


,I' 


Cr
ndey 'nlS takcn after 
the ball at C;aunt 
Jlouse. .A nlong others. 
Pendennis and '\T arring- 
tOll li,'ed in the Telnple: 
,,'hile Culunel X eweUlllC 
and his SOIl, Dr. :FirIuin 
and l)hilip. PClldenni!'). 
young Rawdon tu naIlle 
a fcw- were edueated at 
the Charterhuuse. .. The 
X eweulnc,," illllllOl'tali
ed 
that public sehool, and 
earned for the author 
the ,,'ell-deselTed title of 
" Carthusianus Carthusia- 
nortu)}." The cluhs and 
Bohelllian resorts of the 
day "'ere introdueed into 
the nlrious stories: the 
yi'iit of Colonel X eWCOIlle 
to the .. C
lxe uf Tlar- 
1l10Il)''' j
 not easily f(Jl'- 
gotten. In)1 a
'f:Lir was 
situatcd (iaunt I rouse. 
and in <. illrzon Street. 
near by, llecky alld 
ltawdon praetised tile 
art of li,'ing on nothing 
a year. It ,,'as ill the 
Curzon Street hou
e that 
lleeky i
 nladc to adlllire 



TII,,\('4KER...\ \' 


35 


her hu
balld. ,,,hen he gn-es I 
ord Steyne the eha
tiselnent that 
ruins her for life. .. "Then I "Tote that sentence," Thm'keray 
reillarked subsequently, .. I slapped IllY fist on the table and said. 
· That is a ':ìtroke of geniu
.' " 


William 
Makepeace 
Thackeray 
see froT/tispiece 


Richmond 
Thackeray, 
Father of the 
Novelist 
see page 3 


Thackeray at the 
age of three, with 
his father and 
mother 
see page 5 


The Charterhouse 
in the time of 
Thackeray 
see þage 2 


Thackeray, from 
the replica of a 
plaster cast by 
J. Devile 
see page 4 


I
E"-u; l\IELYII.LE. 


BH)(;U...\PIIICAL X(JTE 


'\ïl1iam :\Iakt.'pmn' Thm"keray, the ollly ('hiM of Riehmon,l awl 
Allnl' Tha('keray. wa
 horn at ('al('utta on .July lHth, lBll. 11(' wa
 
1ll'
n'Jlllell from Yorkshire yeomell who fOl" se\'eral g"eneratiuns had heen 

l.ttll'tl at Ilamp
thwaitl'. ill the "Test Ridillg-. In 17'liIi h;
 grandfather, 
likewi
l' wlml'll "ïl1iam :\Iakepeaee Thaekeray, sailell fur India at the ag-e 
of sl""l'ntel'n, to enter the 
el'\"ice of the Ea
t Inllia Company. rnller 
Cartier, the prl'Ill'l"e

ol" of ,r arren IIa
till

 a
 Goverllor of Ben
al, his 
promotioll wa
 n".r rapid. In ]77fi he marriPII _\ml'lia Ri('hmo\l(l, allll thl' 

ame year returllell to Ell
land. IIi
 fourth 
Oll, Richmollll Thackeray, 
father of the llm-eli
t, we lit tu Illdia ill ] 7!1B al!':o ill tIll' serviee of the 
CompallY. I II H
n7 he hl'eame Seeretary to the Hmml of Rl',-enue at 
('aleutta, aJIII IllHlouhtl'llly pO

l'
"'ed hrilliant g-ifts tin. allmilli
tratioll allli 
puhlie work. Ill' marriell 011 Odoher l:
th, uno, the reig-llin
 heauty 
of ('aleutta, .\lIl11', daughter of .Juhn Harmall Beeher. The paintillg hy 
Chillll..ry, exeeuted in HH 4, g-i,"es a g-limp
e of the Thackeray:-- at the time 
whpn their 
on had re,u.hed tlll:' age of three year!':. Ill' i
 liraWII perche,l Oll 
a lar
e pile of hook
, with hi
 arm
 round hi
 Illother'
 lleek, hi
 titther stiffly 
...eated in a ehair do!':e hy. 
RiehuwJIII Thaekeray \\ as at thi
 tinlP Colledor of the Ilistrict called the 
TWl'nty-tiHlr Pl'rg-\Illllah
. Two year
 later he IIil'II, awl ill IBI 7' hi
 SOli wa
 

l'lIt to Englawl to he "Ilueated, awl wa
 phu'ed in the eharg-e of hi
 aunt 
.:\Irs. Rit('hil', who fir
t sent him to a 
dll)UI in Hampshire, allli then to the 
t'4ahlishmeJlt of Dr. TlIrlll'r at (,hi...wiek. Ahout IBIH .:\Irs. Riehmllllli 
Thaekeray marriell a seeowl time, awl in IH
l returnell to England with her 
hll
"allll, .:\Iajor ('armiehael Smrt1., awl !'ettled at 
\I1di
('omhe. The 
following- year Thaekeray wa
 
ent to thp ('harterholl
e, where he remained. 
untillU
H. Thi
f;lInou
:-,('hool fig-ured lal"
l'lyin hi
 writillg
a
 "l
n'yfriar
." 
It wa
 here that Colonel 
eweome amI Cli,"e, Pelllll'nlli
, (
eorge O
horne, 
Philip Firmin, awl Rawdnn Crawley were edueated.. Charterhouse wa
 the 

"ene of Thaekeray's fight with Y ellahlt;
, in which he !',u
tailled the 
ullfortunate aecident to his nose that caused. a permanent disfi
uremellt in 
hi
 otherwi
e hand!'ome countenallce. Eyidenee of thi
 is lloticeable in the 
plash'r cast executell by J. Deyile, ",hieh represellts Thaekeray at the age 
of eleyen. 



2() 


Larkbeare, 
the home of 
Thackeray's 
mother 
see pa./{e 2 


Thackeray 
among the 
Fraserians 
see page 6 


Rue Neuve 
St. Augustin, 
Paris 
ste page 7 


No, 18, 
Albion Street, 
Hyde Park 
,fee paxe 10 


No. 13, Great 
Coram Street, 
Brunswick 
Square 
st!e page I I 


BIOGRAPIJIC.AI.I 


!\()'l'E 


III IB
.,) Thaekt'ray':.: n1Othl'r remon>d to Larkhean>, a hOll
e situatell a 
mile allli a half fhl1l1 ()ttery St. Jlary, where her 
on u
l'd to !"pelld 111
 
holillay
. ()I\ Ipa\'illg" 
ehool he remained at Larkhparp until he took up 
hi:-: re
idplll
e at Trillity ('olIe
e, (':nnhz'id
e, ill Fehruary I8
!). The 
!"l'enery :-:urrOll1Hlil1g" hi... mother'
 home i!" de
l'rihell ill .. Pt'llIlellllis," Ottery 
St. :\lary, ExeÌl'z', allll Sidmouth figuring" l'e
pectÏ\'ely as ('lan>rin
 St. :\Iary, 
(,hatteri
, allll Baymouth. 
"'hile at ('amhridge Thal'kl'ray l'olltrilmterl to a 
mall papl'r ealled Tllf' 
Suoh, ft lifeJ'(o:'1 ([lid .W'iPllt
tif' JouJ'lIal 1I0t f'OJl(!lIl'1n! h,ll JJlf'Jl/I/pJ'.,' ,!f" tile 
rllil"pJ',,'it,ll. III it appeare<<l c'Timhuetoo," a moek poem 011 the !-uhjel't 
I'ho:-ot'n for the ChaJwelIor':-: JJwdal, WIllI that Yl':U' hy Alfred TellIlY!"0I1. 
In IB
H Thackpray :-opellt thl' 10llg' \"al'atioll in Pari:-:, amI left I'ollege after the 
filllo\\'illg Ea:-:ter tl'rm. 
IIa\'Ìllg illheritt'd a fortUlll' from hi:-: f:lther, it wa
 arrallged that he 
houl<<I 
fini:-:h hi
 t'llucatioll hy tra\"l'Uillg altl'Oad for a t'Ollple of yt'ar
. Al'l'ordillg"ly 
Ill' SP<<'lIt :-oe\'eral mOllth
 at I>1'e:-odell. Homl', Pari
, allli \ r pi mar, allll fillally 
re:-ool\'ell to :-otlllly for tIll' Bar till hi
 returll to Ellg-Iallll. III IBal he elite red 
the :\Iidtlle TempII', :IIHI hy :\"",'pmhl'r of that year \\':1:-: 
ettled ill l'hamher
 
ill Hare ('ourt. (hI I'llmill
 of agl', ho\\,e\'er, he ahallllOlll'rl all prett'lIcf' of 
fillIon-illg the IH'ofl'

ioll he had l'ho:-:ell, amI m,ule hi:-: way to Pari
, whellcP hp 
wrote ll'tters for Tllp X([tiollul Sfulldun!, allli eolleded material tin' mi
t'el- 
lalleou
 artiell'
. II:n'ÌIIg" 
peerlÌly lost thl' g"l'eater part of hi:-: filrtulll', he 
turlll'lI hi:-: thoug"ht:-: :-:criously to paillting a:-: a meall
 of li\'elihood, amI at thi
 
period frl'l} uellted \'arious studio:-:. pmhahl)" workillg' ill the atelier of (
ro:-:, 
Later he eopil'<<I pi('tl1l'p
 :I

itluou:-:ly at till' Lo II\Te , hilt thon
h he delighted 
ill the art he faill'd to aelJuin' allY 
reat teellllieal skill a:-: a draught:-:man, 
III .January 1 U:
.) Thaekl'ray appl'ared as 11IIf' of the Fra:-:t'riall:-: ill a 
:-:kpteh <<IrawlI hy :\laeli:-:l' a lit] }Juhli:-:lwd ill Pm.'w)",,, J/"!!" : illf'. Thi:-: eell'- 
hrated eartooll IIt'piets tht' Fra:-Ol'r writers at OIlP of the fn'fJuellt halll]uets 
held at 
1:!, Rl'gent Street. It was in thi
 ('ompany that Thaekeray fir
t 
g-aille<<l di:-:tilletioll a:-: an author, 
III 1U:3(; he wa:-: appoiutefl Pari
 l'UlTP
pmlflent of Tlte fím.\,titlltiollal, awl 
in .\ug-n:-:t of thl' :-oame year ht' married :\Ii:-:s Shawe. The weddillg took plat'p 
at the llriti
h Emlta
:-:y, Bi:-ohop I.. U:-:l'OII1 he, at that time ('haplain, offieiatillg 
at the l'eremony. The He\\ Iy married ('ouple lin'll in apartmenb in till' 
Hue 
eU\"l' st. AU
II:-:tin, a :-:Ì1"l'l't lluite elo:-:I' hy the Hup ;\eu\'e Ill'''' Pl,tits 
('hamp:-:, whpre i:-: situaÌf',1 till' 1"e",taurallt matle hmlou:-: ill the ., Ballad of 
Bouillahai:-:se, " 
Th" ('oJ/.,'fitlitiOlutl (':UHe to :111 ewl ill 1 B:rï, :1I1t1 Th:U'kl'I'aY Z'l'tlll'nptl to 
LIIIHlolI awl took up his ahotll' for a timl' at 1 B, Alhion Strl't't, IIydp Park, 
where his mothl'r wa:-: thell li\"ill
, awl wherl' he hwl :-:tayt'tI ill IB:
-I- whell 
fir:-:t l'olltrihutiHg' to Pm.'w)",.. Jfll!JII.:'iJU', 
\Hlll' Isahl'lla Th:u'kl'ray, hi:-: plde:-:t 
tlang-htez', wa!" horll at this hou
e. A l'emm'al was made Hot long aftl'l'warrls 
to Xo. 1 :
, Gl'l'at Coram :-ìtn'l't, Brunswick SIJuan', where the Thaekeray:-: 
Ii \'ed for 
(lnll' p'al's. Durillg" this Pl'rim] .. The Paris Slwteh-Book" wa:-: 
writtell, heillg- lmhli:-:hl'd ill ]B40 hy :\lacl'OlIe. O\\'ill
 to the mistilrtllne of 
his wife'
 illnl'!"s the author\ huusehold hl'eame unsettled, awl ahout IB-l:} the 
home at (
1"eat ('oram Street wa
 gÎ\'en np, 



" Comic Tales 
and Sketches" 
see page 13 


Drawing from 
.. Punch .. : 
.. Authors' 
Miseries " 
see page 12 


The Strangers' 
Room, Reform 
Club 
see page 17 


BJ()GltA PI I ICI\ L 


X( )TR 


37 


Thaekl.ray hall puhli:-:hell in ] B-1-] a l"lIllel'tion of "('omil" Tale:-: a III I 
Sketdll':-:. editell a III I illu:-:trah'll hy 
Ir. :\Ii..hal'l Angl'lo Titmar:-:h," with 
a preface Ilatell "Pari:-:, April bt, lB-!J;' from whil'h the tilllowing i:-: an 
c:\. tral't : 


\\"hen there came to be a question of repuLlishing the tales in these volumes. the 
three authors, 
Iajor Gahagan. 
Ir. Fitlroy YeUm\ plush, and myself, had a \'iolent 
dispute upon the matter of editing; and at one time \\e talked of editing each other all 
round. The toss of a halfpenny, ho\\ever, decided the question in my fa\ our. . . . On 
the title-page the reader is presented with three accurate portraits of the authors of these 
volumes. They are supposed to be marching hand-in-hand, and are just on the \-ery 
Lrink of Immortality. 
During' the sauw}"l'ar ,. The lIi,..tury of Samuel Titmar:-:h allli the (;reat 
lIo
l{arty Diammul" l"Omml'nl'I'11 tll "'11\ it
 l'our:-:e in Fl'o,"el"'.,; Jfll9o.::iIlP. 
J'flIW/t hall heell :-:tartell IIn July ] 7th, a III I Thaekeray':-: fir..:t l'untrihutilln
 
appeared the flllIon-illg .lune. In tlu> 1'lIur:-:e IIf hi:-; tl'll yea 1':-;' ('mmel,tiull 
with thi:-: periullieaL he eUIlÌl'ihutell :-:1I1Ill'thittg' like .ion ...kt.tl'he... irre:-:I'l'I,tive 
of lettprl're
:-:. ()\tl. uf th(,
l'. reprUllul"etl IIn pag'l' ]
. is taken from a 
:-:prie:-; entitlell ". \ uthur:-:' )It:-:l.rie:-:;' a III I I"l'present:-: .1 errllM and the arti
t 
him:-:elf in a railway l"arriag-e li
tl'ning tu thl' lither 1Il'l"upant:-: Ili:-:l"u:-::-:ittg the 
memher:-: uf the PflIW/t :-:tafi':- 


Old GentlemaTl, J/iss 
Viggets, Two Authors. 
Old GentlemaTl, .. [ am so sorry to see you occupied, my dear 
Iiss \Viggets. with 
that trivial paper, PU/lch. A raih\ay is not a place, in my opinion, for jokes. I nc\er 
joke-never. " 
Jliss IV.: .. 
o I should think, sir." 
Old (;elltlemall: .. And besides, are you aware \\ho are the conductors of that paper, 
and that they are Chartists, Deists, Atheists, Anarchists, to a man? I have it from the 
best authority, that they meet together once a \\eek in a tavern in St. Giles's, \\here they 
concoct their infamous print. The chief part of their income is deri\ed from threatening 
letters, which they send to the noLility and gentry. The principal writer is a returned 
comict. 1\\0 ha\"e been tried at the Old Bailey; and as for their artist-as for their 
artist. . . ." 
Guard: .. Swin-dun! Station!" [Exeu1lt two Authors. 


In the latter half uf 1H-l
 Thal"keray made a tour in Irelaml, amll'eeurfled 
hi:-: e:\.l'eripn,'e
 in .. Thp Iri:-:h 
ketl'h-Hook;' whieh made it:-: appearanl"e the 
tiJllowing year. 
Thm'keray, who tin. :-:ume time had been a memher of the Garri..k 
Club, wa:-: eleded to the Reform in 18-l0, being prupose(l hy )Ir. .\Iartin 
Thaekeray ami :-;el'ollded hy \Ir. Henry ,rehhe. 
ir \remy:-:s Reill g-i,.es 
an iutf're
ting de...criptiun of the :lUthor at thi:-; ('lub. "
-\Kain amI ag-ain 
I ha\.p heard de,..eriptious of huw he u:-:ed to :-:tawl in the :-;muking-ruum, 
hi:-: haek to the fire, hi:-: le
 rather wide apart, hi
 hand:-: thru:-:t iuto tht' 
trnu:-':er-po('ket
, amI his heall 
tiffly thruwn haekw:ml. while he joined 
in the talk of the men oeeupyinl!," the :-;emi-circle uf chairs in front of 
him. . . . To some of us, at lea:-:t, the Cluh is endeared by thp thought 
that ne wa
 once one of ourselyeð; that he 
at in these chair:-:, dined at the
e 
tahles, chatted in these room:-:, a1\(l, with his wi:-:e, far-:-:e('ing eye:-: sUlTeyefl 
the worM from theðl' same windom;;." In the 
traugers' ruom at the Refurm 
Cluh hang-s a portrait of Thal'keray hy Samuel Lanrenl'e. On une :-:ide of it 



38 


No. 13, 
Young street, 
Kensington 
see page 18 


Mr. Michael 
Angelo'Iitmarsh 
as he appeared 
at Willis's Rooms 
see page 21 


Château de 
Breq uerecque 
Boulogne- 
sur-Mer 
see þage 20 


No, 36, 
Onslow Square, 
Brompton 
JÙ' pas'l' 19 


BIOGltAPHIC A L 


XlyrE 


then' :-:tallll:-: a hu:-:t of :-iir \\Ïlliam :\llIll'",;wOl,th, on tIll' otlll'r of ('harle.... 
Bulll'r. TIll' lath'r 
l'l"lIlIIll'tl Tha('kpray wllell 11(' wa!' propo
I'd hy the 
He,-, 'L lIarnl'

 a,..; a lIlelllhl'r of thc .\thena'ulll on Fl'Ill'U:llT I:!th, 1B-!Ii. 
Tha('keray wa:-: elcdell to thi
 ('Iuh in IB.')l ulllier the 1'ull' ,
'hich prll\.itll.... 
for the intrOllul'tion of ., I)l'r:-:oll
 of tli...tiJlg-ui:-:ht'd emilll'III'e in :-:..i en Cl' , 
literatnre, or puhlie "'PITil'l':-:." 
In HUIi Tha,'keray took a how..e at 1:1 (now Hi), Young Stn.pt, I\.ell
ingtclII, 
wlll'l'e he e
tahli
hell a home till' hi
 daug-htl'r
. .. "allity Fair," 
... Pellllelllli
," allli "E:-:n1OIHI" were writtell .then'. ,. Yallity Fair" made 
it
 appearance in ydlow l'1I\'er
, heillg hrought out ill monthly parh: hy 
:\Ie

r
. Br
Hlhurr &' E\":lII
. 'I'll(' tlr4 Ilumher wa:-; i

uerl ill ,Jalluary 1B-lï, 
t Ill' la
t in ,J ul y 1 B-I-B. 
'rhell pa
:-:illg- hi
 hou
e ill YOl1llg' :-itJ'el'Ì with 
Ir. .J. T. Fi drl:-: , the 
.\meri('all IHlhli:-:her, ThaeHeray l'xl'laiml'd, "(;0 down 011 your knel':-:, yon 
rogne, for IIl're "'allity Fair' \\'a
 pl'III1l:'11. awl 1 will 
o dowl1 with you, 
till' 1 han' a high Opilliol1 of that littlp prolilldioll mpl'lf." 
TIll' tlr:-:t IlIIllIher of " Pellllplll1is" al'pearPII ill :\'CI\'emher IB-I-B, hnt th(' 
:Luthor':-: :-:en're iJIIIl':-:s at thl' ewl of IB-I-!I illterrnpÌl'rl it:-: pnhli('atioll, whil'h 
wa
 Ilot l'olll'llllll'd ulltil HI.,)(). .. Pl'wll:'lIlIis" wa"" ti,llowcd hy ... E:-:lllOWl " 
ill In.'):!. \rhil:-;t n':-:idil1g ill Y oUl1g Street Thaekeray dl>li,'erell hi
 tiul1ou:-: 
h'dnn':-: Oil the Ellgli:-:h hnmori:-:t
 at \\ïllis'
 Rooms, On page :!l all 
admirahll' earieatnn' hy .John Ll'e('h is reprclIlul'ed froIll Thl' Jfollth repre- 
!o:ellting JIr, Jliehal.l Allgelo Titmar:-:h as he appeal'l',l ill thl':-:e ,'uoms in 
hi:; edl'hrated charader of :\Ir.. Thaekeray: 



fr. Thackeray, of \'anity F,lir, announced a simlJle course of iectures on a purely 
liter.uy subject: and for the reason that :\fr. Thackeray, li\'ing entirely by his lJen, was 
still recognised as a fine gentleman by all-and the) \\Tre many-who kne\\ him in 
private, so accordingly his room was tilled by an audience as brilliant and fashionable, 
as intelligent and judicious-in fact, after the lecturer, the agreeable sight of the excellent 
set of people \\ ho gather ed about him with such thoughtful attention "as really an 
attract:on. 


On Odohl'r :lOth, In.'):!, Tha,'keray ,..;(.t sail for the l'llih.tl States, 
when' he remained ulltil the spring of lB.'):;' III' Ip('tnrec! ill \'ariou,..; town:-: 
- -Xew York, Phihull'lphia, Baltimore, l'harle:-:toll, awl Ril'hllwwl alllllllg,..;t 
othel':-:. 1'1'011 hi... n.tlll'lI to EIIJ"Oj'e he marl.. a ,'err 
hllrt ...tar ill LUllrlUU, awl 
thl:'11 proeeerlerl to Switzerlawl. where tIll' :-:tor}' of .. TIll' :\l'\n'ollles" wa:-:, 
a(,l'orrling to his own "-tatellll'lIt, .. J'l','ealerl to him ,..;omehow." :\1 ul'h of tllt' 
11m el was written ahroad while it:-: author was tran.llillg" in (;l'rmallr. 
Switzerlalld.. Italy, or !o:tayillg at the ('hÚteau dl' Brl'IJII('J"I'(,'I"C at 1301l10g'lIe, 
wlll're he is :-:ai.I to han
 e\'oln'll thl' nohle tlgurl:' of Colouel :\e'H'Oml', Thl' 
('hittl'au lIe Bre'l'wrel'll'J(' lies pll'a"';
lIItly lIestled ill trees allli :-:hrnhherie... 
1111 the outskirts of thl' towu, awl is surroUlllleù hy a high wall serel'ning it 
from puhlie gaze. .. The :\ewclllnes" wa:-: l'ompleter! at i\o. :Iü, Ou:-:lnw 
Sl1uare, where Thaekeray 1I1II\"ell frum Youllg Strcl.t inlB.')ï. .. The result of 
my father's furuishings," wrote :\Irs. Richmond Ritehie of this resiùence, 
"was a plea:-:aut, huwery :-:ort uf home, with greell curtains awl l'arpet:-:, 
lookillg nut upon thl' elm trel'S nf Oll!o:low SIJuare, \ r e lin'll tin' :-:e"eu 
years at 
o. ;3(), awl it wa:-: there he wrute the · Ledures un the (;eorg-e's, 



No.2, 
Palace Green, 
Kensington, 
where Thackeray 
died 
see pa,!{e 32 


The M.S. of 
.. Denis Duval" 
see pa,!{e 31 


Thackeray's 
Grave at Kensal 
Green Cemetery 
see page 33 


W. M. Thackeray, 
from a painting 
by Frank Stone 
see page 9 
W. M. Thackeray 
from a drawing 
by Daniel 
Maclise about 
1840 
see page I 


BI<H;RA PIIIC 4\ L 


X<YI'E 


:Jf) 


alii I tht, ellllof' The ;'\'t'\\C'OIll('
: a III I 'TIlt' \ïl'g-illialllo;: part of' Philip: :11111 
mallY of the' ROllllllahallt Papl'l':-:.' lIi
 :-:tlllly wa:-: on'r tht, clr:m illg'-roolll, 
allliiookt'ci ollt "1'011 tIll' l.11II tn.l'...." 
Thal"kl'ray ,..tollli for Pariiallll'lIt ill tIll' Oxfol'll City Ili\"i:-:ioll ill .J Illy 
of ] B.,)'j' , hut wa
 clefl'atl'll hy a slIIall majority. III I Will he ullch'rtook thl' 
eelitor
hip of thl' ('IIJ'IIhi!! ..tlt'f!o-:'iw', of whic'h 
I(':-::-:r:-:. Smith & Elcler had 
t'omml'lIt'l'll p"hlÍt'atioll ill thl' .Jallllary of that p'al'. Thollg-h c'olltillllillg- to 
c'olltrihllte to thi:-: mag-azilll' ulltil thp la:-:t. he retin'll from thl' l'llitor
hip ill 
.\pril 1Bli
. clollhtll':-'''' fillllillg- thl' work too l'xaetillg- for hi:-: 1111\\ f:lilillg-lll'alth. 
111 the year lBlil thl' firlll of .Jal"k
oll & (;rahalll hllilt fil]' Thal"keray thl' 
hl'autiflll hou:-:p at :\"0. 
. Pala('p (;n'l'II, h.l'"
i"g-to", whic'h alolll' of all his 
h(l}lll'
 ha
 the' SOf'iety of . \ rt:-: lI\'al C'Olllllll'lIIorati n' ta hlet i ll:-'l'rh'll ill it:-: \\ all. 
.\11 olel hOIl
(' :-:toocl Oil the :-:ife' at the' timp of plll'l'ha
l" hilt after c'art'flll 
c'oll:-:icll'J'atioll Thachc'I'ay \\ i:-:l'ly g-an' "I' tht' idea of J'('I':lirillg' allli acl.lillg- 
to it. awl PI'pI'fe',I ill it" plac'p a fiJl(' mall:-:iollofr(..II...ic.kwith :-:b III l' 
f:lC'illg-:-: ill tIll' 
tyIl' of (
lIl.t'" .\lIIll'. .\t thi:-: p(.riocl, IIt':-:illl':-: workillg for 
thl' ('III'/Ihil/, Thaekl'ray wa:-: writillg- " DCllis ))II\'al," hi:-: b:-:t hllOk, whieh 
rplllai1It'1I ullfilli:-:heli. .\fh'r 
p\"{'ral ,.:p\"('n' att:H'k:-: of il1lll':-::-:, the 1I0n,li:-:t 
elil'ci at hi:-: rp,.:ic!t'lIc,t' ill Palal'c' (;n'l'lI Oil I )l'el'mhl'r 
:
l'Il, lWi:
, awl 
wa:-: illte'ITl'ci at Kell...al (;repll ('pl1ll'fe'ry Oil the :;oth of the mOllth. Tht' 
)!illl\l(, Telllple, of whieh ht' wa:-: a lIIl'mhl'r, rl'cl'lt':-:h'cl that they mig-ht hp 
allo\\ ell to hllry him ill the Tpmpl(', I)('ar thl' g-ran' of (;olll,.:mith. Thl' offer 
wa:-:. hll\\'t' \"{' I', elt'elilll'll. .\ hu
t of Th:lC'kt'I'ay hy hi" friellel, Baroll 
)Iarol'hetti, wa... I'lae('d ill \\"l'...tmill,.:ter .\hhey. 


X()TES ()X TIlE P()]tTJL\ITS ()F 
TH..\CKEIL\ \T 


Th:lC'kc'l'ay \\,;l
 
tl'ikillg- ill appearallce, hl.illg- lI\'e)' :-:ix fl'l't ill heig-ht a III I 
hroacl ill proportioll. Ill' wa
 l'n'et ill hi
 
!:ait allll :-:talwart ill hearillg-. IIi" 
C'Ollllh'lIa lIee \\"a
 n'ry e:\ 1I]'l'

i \l' alii I ea pahll' of mil(' h (I ig-llity, alii I h i:-: 
pl'('uliarly ",\\('et 
llIil(', ('olllhilll'ci with a g)'l'at g-l'lItlelle
" of \"Oil'P allllll1:lIl1lt'r, 
partielliarly l'lIdl'arl'ci him to ehilch'plI. " (;)'allli alii I :-:h'rll alii I ,.:ilellt." 
\\ rotl' .'l'rrol.lof him ill lah'r yea)':-:. "a lIIig-hty form (')'0\\ IIl..1 with a ma,.:
i\"l', 
"'lIow-haiJ'(',1 IH':ul." 
.\mollg the portraib of Tha('keray ill early lIIallllOod i... tIt(' I'ailltill
 hy 
F..allk StOlll', (':\l'c'lItl'cl ill 1 B:
li ahout tht' timl' of hi:-: marriag-e wit h 
I i:-:
 
Shawl'. Thi:-: l'idlll"t' ha
 IIpn'l" hel'lI l'lIgra\"ecl. 
III lB:;
 awl lB:
:
 :\Ia('li
(' madl' two hl'alltiful drawiJlg-:-: of Thac'keray fl'Om 
lifl', del'il'ÌiJl
!: him a:-: a fa:-:hiollahly clre,..:-,('cl YOllllg- mall, seated ill a uéyliye 
attitudl', rli:-:playillg- a ma,.::-:Í\ l' eyt'g-la
:-:. TI1I''':l' a)'c 1l0W ill the (;arrick (1uh. 
Smul' yc'ar:-: later the' same al"ti:-:t made allothcr c1l'lil'ately l'elleillecl "ketch, 
whieh Thackeray him"l.lf \"ery :-:kilfully copicll. 
()f the nll'iou... portrait
 hy :-iamuel Lalll'l'm'e, thl' olle of g-reatc,,,t illtere...t 
i:-: I'l'rhap:-: thl' ehalk cll':1\\ illg- (':\el'lItl'cl ill ] B,,):
 allcl hCl"e l"eprocluce<1 a:-: a 
f),ollti
pic("p . 



40 
TOT}
S ()X TIlE POIlTH.AITS (JF TH.AC1\:EIL-\1> 


W. M. Thackeray, 
from the 
painting by 
Samuel 
Laurence in the 
National Portrait 
Gallery 
see page 2-1- 


W. M. Thackeray, 
from a copy of the 
bust by Joseph 
Durham, A.RA. 
.fee pa,E[e Lt- 
W. M. Thackeray, 
from the 
statuette by Sir 
Edgar Boehm, 
RA. 


see pa:;e 3-1- 
W. M. Thackeray, 
from a sketch by 
Sir John E. 
Millais, P.RA. 
see page 23 


Thackeray, from 
a painting by 
Sir John Gilbert, 
RA. 


see page 29 


Thackeray, from 
a drawi.ng by 
Richard Doyle 
see pa!{e 28 


Charlotte Brollti', whl'll 
he fir:-:t :-:aw thi:-: portrait, l'xdaillwd. .. .\wl th('re 
came Ill' a lioll out of ,Tlldah." LaÌl'r !':he \\Totl': ":\Iy ÜLthel' :--toCHI fill' a 
lJuarter of all hour this mOl'lIillg- examining- the g-reat mail's pil'Ìure. The 
l'tIlldu:-:ion of hi
 SI1lTI'Y wa:-: that he thought it a puzzlillg- heall; if he hall 
1\110\1'11 lIothillg" IH,(,,'iou:--ly IIf thl' orig-ilml':-- charader, he ('oilld lIot han> read 
it in his features. I wowll'r at this. To me the hro:ul hro\1' seem:-- to l':\.l're:-:
 
inÌl'lll'l't. ('l'rtain lille:-- alumt the 1I0
l' awl ('heck hdra\' thl' :-:atiri:-:t allfl 
<'Ylli('; thl' mOllth iwli('<ltes <I chiM-lil\(' !':impIil'ity, pl'rh:;IJ... e\'ell a deg-ree 
of i1'l'e!'<olutene
s, ill(,lIll...i
tellcy - weakness, in !'hort, hut a weakne:-:,.. Ilot 
ullamiaLle. .. 
.-\ n>pIil'a of the pailltillg- hy the same arti:-:t ill the 
atiollal Pm.trait 
(;aIlery was presentetl hy Thackl'ray to Sir Fn'dl'rick Pollock, allflrl'mainetl 
for mall)' p'ar
 ill till' possl'...sioll of the Dowag-er Lad) Pollock. 
III th(. 
atiollal Portrait (;aIll'ry is also a hu
t modell(.d ill terra-cotta h)" 

ir Edg-ar Bol'llln from th(. orig-illal plaster mOllld hy.Jo!'<('ph Dllrham. .\. H. .\.. 
whil'h was )lrl':-:l'lItl'd to thl' (;arril'k ('1111.. .-\llfl thl' salllt' 
C'IIIptlll' l':\.l','uÌl.,1 
ill IBiiO a ,..tatuettl' fill' whidl Th:u'kf'my wh('11 ill Pari:-: g-an' (111)" two 
1101.t 
!':itting-s of half all hour'
 (Illratioll. .. The l'milll'lIt 
l'ulptor," wrib.... :\11'. 
F. (;. Kitton in the JJo!J{GiIiP {!t" .Irt, "e\l'1I ill that :-:pace of time 
Ul'("el'dl'd ill 
all hut coml'letillg- olle of the mo
t :-:u('('e

ful portraits of hi... suhjeC't l'\"er 
aUemph'tl." ,. The work of Sir .Juhn :\Iillai:-: pU

('SðI'S excl'ptional intl're...t." 
('lIIltillues the same writer. .. awll'
I)('eiallr may thi!': he "',li,l of a full-length 
delilleation hy that ma
ter-hand of his f
llnou
 literary CUIJtl'mporary. Althoug-h 
hnt a :-:lig-ht memorr-
ketl'h. it is ,'ery l'haracteristic of the mall, awl thl' 
portraiture :-:0 \'ery life-like -awl true that Sir Edgar Hol'lllll deri,'ed from 
it cOII:-:i,ll'rahle a:-:
i:-:talll'l' wh('11 l'ompletillg his excellellt statuette of the 
,IlO\"eli:-:t. .. 
The po:-:thllmou:-: portrait of Thackeray paillÌl,tl hy Sir ,John (;ilhert, R..-\., 
wa:-: amollg-:-:t tho
e pre:-:elltetl to thl' (;arril'k CIllh. It n'IH'l'
ent
 thl' 1I00"eli:-:t 
with IUIIg- white hair awl :-:pl'dad(',;; :-:l'ah.d at a smaH tahle 011 which tea-thillg" 
are 'li:-:playe,l. III the hackground appear:-: Stallfield's pieture of a Oub.h 
\"e:-::-:el, \\"hieh may :-:till he :-:('ell ill olle of the ('luh êlpartml'lIt:-:. 
The pelll'il drawillg" takell fl'om thl' lift' hy Hielwl',l I )oyIe, \\"]Ii('h is 1I0W 
ill thl' Briti:-:h :\11I:-:elllll. i:-: all intert':-:tillg- alii I n'ry ('harêlt'Ìe)'i
ti(' :-:kl'tl'h of the 
1l00"eli:-:t. 


He was a cynic; you lJIight rf'ad it writ 
I n that hro.ld hrO\\, crU\\ n...d \\ith it
 ::.il wr hair; 
In thost" hlut' eYt'::'. \\ ith childlike can dour lit, 
In thl' S\\el"l smile his lips \\t'rf' \\ont to wear. 
A C) nic? Yt's-if 'tis the cynic's lJ:1rt 
To track thl' ::.erpt'n1'5 trail, \\ith saddened 1')"1', 
To mark how good and ill divide the he:!rt. 
How li,"cs in chequered shade and sunshine lie. 
-Col/l//lcmorative 'i}Crses fro//l Punch. 


fhe portrait of l'hackeray by 
ir John E. l\Iillais, P.R.A., \\hich appears on page 23. is in the 
possession of ?\Irs, Richmond Ritchie, and is reproduced hy her kind permission. 



"THE BOOKMAN" 


BIOGRAPHIES. 


A Senes if POþlllar lilustrated ,J/ollograþhs (Ill Great lVrilt:rs. 
With a Special Half-Tone Photogravure Frontispiece, and a wealth of excellent illustrations. 
Price 1s, net each volume (postage 2d.). 
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By G. K. CHESTERTON and 
J. E. HODDER WILLIAMS. 


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G. K. CHESTERTON, etc. 


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By G. K. CHESTERTON, 
F. G. KITTON, and 
J. E. HODDER WILLIAMS. 


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S. W. M. Thackeray. 
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LEWIS MELVILLE. 


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